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City Document. — No. 9. 

ANNUAL REPORT 



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YEAR 1862. 




ROXBURY: 

L. B. & 0. E. WESTON, PRINTERS, GUILD ROW. 

1862. 



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In School Committee, April 9, 1862. 
The Chairman appointed the following members as the Annual Exam- 
ining Committee, viz. : — 

Hiffh and Grammar Schools. — Messrs. Cummings, Sleeper, Seaver, 
Allen, Plympton, Williams, and McGill. 

Prima7-y Schools. — Messrs. G. Putnam, Olmstead, Bliss, A. P. Putnam, 
and Adams. 

December 10, 1862. 
The Chairman of the Board (Mr. Morse) submitted his Annual Report. 
Mr. Williams submitted the Annual Report of the High and Grammar 
Schools. 

Mr. G. Putnam submitted the Annual Report of the Primary Schools. 
All of which were accepted. It was then 

Ordered, That the several Reports be committed to Messrs. Morse, 
Williams, and G. Putnam to revise, and cause to be printed the usual 
number of copies, to be distributed to the citizens of this City, as the 
Annual Report of the School Committee. 

JOSHUA SEAVER, Secretary. 



The Board of School Committee, having for another year 
discharged the responsible trust of superintending the edu- 
cation of the children belonging to the Public Schools, 
"would respectfully submit their annual report. 

During a part of the year, additional labors and duties 
have devolved upon some of the members of the Board, in 
consequence of two vacancies existing for a length of time, 
caused by the resignations of Rev. A. P. Putnam and Mr. 
John D. McGill, and the absence of Dr. A. I. Cummiugs on 
professional service in the Army. The two vacancies were 
finally filled by the choice of Mr. Edwin Ray and Wm. A. 
Crafts, Esq., gentlemen well known as ef&cient members of 
the Board in former years. 

The supervision of the schools has not, perhaps, been so 
thorough and systematic as it would have been had it been 
performed by a single person, one well qualified and adap- 
ted to this particular work; yet the schools have received 
all the care and attention requisite to maintain and improve 
the working of the excellent system under which they are 
organized. ' It is a matter of congratulation, that while the 
thoughts and the feelings of the people have been absorb- 
ed in the progress and results of the War, our schools 



4 CITY DOCUMENT— No. 9. 

have continued their accustomed work, and have not, as yet, 
been deranged or weakened by the great' trials and afflic- 
tions resting upon the community, but are in as healthy and 
prosperous condition as at any former period. 

The Latin School, including the preparatory department, 
numbers eighty scholars and three teachers. It is a school 
designed to prepare boys for College. Eight were fitted 
last year, six of whom entered Harvard University. It is 
supported in part by the City, but principally by the school 
fund, and is under the control of a Board of Trustees. It 
is not included in the following statistics. 

The whole number of Teachers is 44. 

The whole number of Pupils belonging to all the Schools 
is 4198. 

The cost of maintaining our Public Schools the current 
year is $47,667.86, or $11.35 per scholar. 

The number of Scholars belonging to the High School is 
149, under the charge of three teachers. 

The cost of maintaining the High School the present 
year is $5,041.74, or $33.83 per scholar. 

There are five Grammar Schools in the City, the same as 
last year. The whole number of Pupils belonging to the 
Grammar Schools is 1663, making an average to each Divi- 
sion of 48 pupils. 

The cost of maintaining these schools the current year is 
$24,301.16, or $14.61 per scholar. 

The number of Primary Schools is forty-two. The num- 
ber of Pupils belonging to these schools is 2386, making an 
average to each school of 56 pupils. 

The cost of maintaining the Primary Schools the present 
year is $18,324.96, or $7.68 per scholar. 

The whole number of persons in the City last May, be- 
tween 5 and 15 years of age, was 5559. 



SCHOOL REPORT. 5 

TEACHERS. 

The number of permanent teachers is the same as last 
year, although a few changes have been made. The able 
Assistant Teacher in the High School resigned his place at 
the close of the Summer term. The estimation in which 
he was held is fully expressed in the following resolve 
passed by the Committee : 

" Resolved, That this Board, haviag received the resignation of Mr. 
Geo. H. Gorely, as Assistant Teacher in the High School, take this 
method, in accepting the same, to express their sense of his faithful, 
brilliant, and efficient qualities as an instructor, and commend him as a 
gentleman of large promise in the important and useful profession 
whicli he has chosen, in which we trust he may be constrained to con- 
tinue." 

The place thus made vacant was filled by the choice of 
Miss Eunice T. Plummer, a lady whose education and ex- 
perience give promise of the highest success. An Assis- 
tant has also been provided, to take charge, for a limited 
time, of those scholars who wish to continue their studies 
beyond the regular three years' course. 

Oue teacher in the Dearborn School has also resigned, 
and her place has been filled by the appointment of a former 
teacher of that school. 

In March, two teachers were appointed for two divisions 
formed in the Comins School, one of which it has recently 
been found practicable to discontinue ; making an addition 
of one teacher to the number of last year. 

The Primary School formerly kept in the Comins School- 
House has been discontinued, and the scholars merged in 
the schools in that neighborhood, causing a diminution of 
one teacher from the number of Primary School teachers 
of last year. 

The teacher of the Edinboro' Street School, No. 33, was 
obliged to relinquish her charge, on account of long-contin- 
ued ill-health. Two teachers in Sudbury Street Schools, 



6 CITY DOCUMENT— No. 9. 

Nos. 13 & 14; one in George Street, No. 43; one in Heath 
Place, No. 26; one in Vernon Street, No. 11, have resigned 
during the year. These six places, thus made vacant, were 
filled by others selected from the list of approved appli- 
cants, all of whom give promise of making as efficient and 
successful teachers as those whose places they occupy. 

Our teachers, the most of whom have for many years 
been connected with the schools, are deser^ang of much 
praise for their patient, conscientious, and untiring labors 
for the instruction and discipline of the children committed 
to their care. Some are more successful than others, be- 
cause they possess the gift and inclination to instruct, and 
a better preparation for the discharge of their duties. 
These are not confined merely to the contents of the 
text-book, but, with a large amount of collateral knowl- 
edge, are able to illustrate and fix the thoughts upon the 
principles and facts taught. They have a love for their 
work, and take pleasure in imparting ideas, and in developing 
and strengthening the mental powers of their scholars. 
Some few teachers manifest slight interest in or devotion 
to their work. They are content to move on mechanically 
in the routine marked out for them, and exhibit but little 
concern or thought for their charge, beyond what is required 
of them in regular school hours, and never put forth 
any special efibrt to improve themselves or their pupils. 
The services of such could well be dispensed with, and 
their places filled by others who would prove more accep- 
table. 

During the year, thirty-one applicants for situations as 
teachers in our schools have been examined, seven of whom 
were rejected for not possessing the requisite qualifications. 
The names of about forty approved candidates are upon our 
list, most of whom seem well qualified to make successful 
teachers ; but it is impossible to give encouragement to such 
a large number of worthy young ladies, because of the 
small number of appointments usually made during the year. 



SCHOOL REPORT. 7 

The qualifications being equal, the preference is generally 
given to those educated in our own schools. 

EXPENDITURES. 

At the present juncture of our national affairs, when the 
City, already over-burdened with debt, has large and in- 
creasing demands upon its treasury in consequence of the 
War, and when tribute is demanded of every man for the 
national exchequer, it becomes a duty and necessity to econ- 
omize and retrench in the expenditure of public money. 

The Committee have during the year sought to diminish 
the expenses of the schools in various ways ; but the sala- 
ries of teachers, which are more particularly under their 
control, have not as yet been materially changed. It is 
hoped that ere retrenchment be demanded in this direc- 
tion, it will have been preceded by economy in other 
directions. Common School education, so essential to the 
existence and happiness of an intelligent and free people, 
should not be impaired or diminished in its efficiency, with- 
out the gravest reason. Hence it becomes a matter of 
serious moment, whether the Committee would be justified 
in reducing the salaries of the teachers, particularly at the 
present time of depreciated currency, thus depriving them 
of a fair equivalent for their time and services. 

Our school expenses may seem larger than those in some 
other places ; yet, by reference to the last annual report of 
the Board of Education, it will be seen that the amount of 
money appropriated for the education of each child in Rox- 
bury was $10.19, while in Brookline it was $22.18 j in 
West Roxbury, $13.24; in Dedham, $10.30; in Dorchester, 
$13.89; in Boston, $9.56; — showing that all the towns in 
our immediate vicinity paid more per scholar for the educa- 
tion of their children than did Roxbury, while Brookline 
paid more than double ; and although Boston paid a little less 
per scholar, yet the salaries of the teachers there are from 
a quarter to one-third more than ours of the same grade. 



8 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 

The small amount paid per scholar in Boston, is owing to 
the great number of pupils belonging to the several Gram- 
mar Schools. Within a certain limit, the greater the number 
of scholars under one Principal, the less the cost. This is 
evident in our city. Taking the salaries of teachers alone, 
a scholar in the Washington School costs $2.40 more per 
annum than one in the Dearborn. 

Our Grammar Schools cannot conveniently be united so 
as to diminish the cost; and to reduce the salaries of our 
teachers, would make a greater inequality than now exists 
between them and those of the same grade in the neighbor- 
ing metropolis, while being in so close proximity to that 
city, our community, as it is constituted, would not be sat- 
isfied, did the standard of our schools fall much below that 
of the Boston institutions. 

The amount appropriated to the Public Schools in this 
City is not large, when the valuation of property here is 
compared with that in other places. The percentage of 
valuation appropriated last year to the schools in Roxbury, 
was two mills and three hundredths of a mill ; while there 
were one hundred and thirty-two cities and towns in the 
State which appropriated a greater percentage of their 
valuation for the same purpo'se. 

SCHOOL ACCOMMODATIONS. 

In the early part of the year, this Board called upon the 
City Council to provide such additional accommodations as 
the condition of the schools seemed at that time to de- 
mand ; but owing to the financial embarrassment existing, 
it was decided not to build or enlarge any School-House, 
and in fact nothing of any amount has been done in this di- 
rection during the year. 

Owing to the removal of a number of families from the 
place, the mimber of pupils in our schools has not increased 
so largely as usual ; yet many of the schools are in such a 
crowded state as to demand some relief. Some additional 



SCHOOL REPORT. 9 

accommodations will soon have to be provided for the Dud- 
ley School, all the divisions of which are now full. 

All the Primary Schools in the western part of the City 
are crowded to overflowing, including the one kept in a 
basement-room on Tremont Street, the location of which 
was noticed last year as being particularly unsuitable. To 
accommodate this school, and to relieve all the schools in 
that vicinity, it is necessary that a new building should be 
erected. A new house should soon be provided for the 
Centre Street Schools, as repeatedly asked for by this 
Board. 

In the present condition of the finances, the Committee 
are not disposed to urge upon the City Council any outlays 
that are not imperatively demanded for the benefit of the 
schools. Every child of suitable age is entitled to admis- 
sion to the Public Schools, and the schools must bo provid- 
ed with suitable buildings at the City's expense. If the 
City Council, for any reason, fail to supply the needed ac- 
commodations, as asked for by this Board, the scholars suf- 
fer, by being confiued in over-crowded rooms, or placed in 
hired rooms in some private house, the best that can be 
procured by the School Committee, which rooms are gener- 
ally unsuitable for school uses, and are sometimes badly 
located, besides being dark, damp, and without proper means 
of ventilation. 

The positive wants of the schools, and the impossibility 
of hiring suitable rooms, would seem to be sufficient reasons 
for building, when additional accommodations are needed, 
and which must be furnished at some future time, if not at 
present. The delay is no pecuniary saving to the City, for 
the rent of the rooms will generally pay the interest on the 
cost of the building, besides greatly increasing the outlay 
which the future increase of the schools will necessitate. 



10 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 

TRUANCY. 

The large number of boys seen in our streets, who do 
not attend school, and are ever ready to commit mischief, 
calls for the adoption of some vigorous measures to reform 
them. 

The City Government has, during the year, passed an 
Ordinance in relation to habitual truants, which is now 
ready to be e: forced ; but commitments are deferred for the 
present, on account of the expense, and the diminished num- 
ber of truants during the winter months. It is promised 
that early in the Spring the law will be strictly enforced, 
and all truants will be compelled to attend school, or be 
committed to the Aims-House, when our teachers and citi- 
zens will be relieved of a great annoyance. 

CONCLUSION. 

The citizens of Roxbury have reason to congratulate 
themselves, that such facilities are provided for the educa- 
tion of their children. While the Primary and Grammar 
Schools occupy an advanced position for usefulness and ef- 
ficiency, the High and Latin Schools maintain an elevated 
rank for attainments and scholarship, affording educational 
advantages equalled by but few places in the State, giving 
character and position to the City, and offering to gentlemen 
with families inducements to settle within our borders. 

Parents are assured, that in the future, as in the past, the 
usefulness and success of the schools depend upon their 
continued confidence, and liberal support. 

The results of the several examinations of the High and 
Grammar Schools are embodied in the following report. 
The Primary Schools are represented by the Examining 
Committee as being in a satisfactory condition ; but as there 
is nothing worthy of special remark, or in addition to what 
has already been said in relation to them, a separate re- 
port is omitted; 

HORATIO G. MORSE, 

Chairman of the Board. 



E E I* O H T 



GHAMMAR AND HIGH SCHOOLS 



Gentlemen op the School Committee: 

The annual committee appointed to submit to the public 
a report of the condition of our Grammar and High Schools 
consisted of Dr. Cummings, Chairman, and Messrs. Seaver, 
Sleeper, McGill, Plympton, Allen, and Williams. Mr. Mc- 
Gill resigned his position upon the School Committee, and 
Mr. Crafts was elected to the Board and substituted on the 
committee in his place. Dr. Cummings having patriotically 
concluded he could better serve his country upon the battle 
field, received and accepted the appointment as Surgeon of 
the 42 d Regiment Mass. Volunteers. Being thus unable to 
act as chairman of this committee, at the request of his 
colleagues, the undersigned consented to act in that capa- 
city, and to prepare their report for publication. 

The members designated to perform the examinations of 
the different schools have promptly attended to their duties, 
and I have freely availed myself of their reflections in com- 
piling this report. The number of Grammar Schools is five, 
containing, during the last quarter, 1685 scholars; 794 
girls, 891 boys. 



12 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 

DUDLEY SCHOOL. 

This is a Girls' School, comprising five divisions, num- 
bering 249 pupils. The scliool is under the same Principal 
as last year — Miss Sarah J. Baker ; the teachers in the 
other divisions remaining without change through the year. 
This is the oldest Grammar School in the City. It was the 
first departure from the old method of promiscuous schools, 
where scholars of all ages, and all degrees of advancement, 
were placed under the same teacher. It was commenced 
in the hope that the gathering of children, in suitable num- 
bers, as far as practicable, grading them in age and capa- 
city, to pursue together their various studies, would most 
rapidly advance them, and improve to the highest advan- 
tao-e the fleeting days of youth. This step, though adopted 
with doubt and hesitation, was prophetic of the future, and 
the thriving condition of this, and the other Grammar 
Schools in the City, fully vindicates the wisdom of our early 
predecessors. 

This school has been regularly examined at the close of 
every terra throughout the year. The member who made 
the annual examination in May, at which time it is usual to 
be most thorough and critical, says : " Although this school, 
as a whole, is in a flourishing condition, it cannot be ex- 
pected that the divisions will appear equally well; as all 
teachers are not equally skilful or successful in their meth- 
ods of teaching, or governing their pupils." In some stud- 
ies in some divisions he observed marked deficiencies : one 
division he speaks of as not making so favorable an impres- 
sion upon him as most of the others. In another, he was 
especially pleased, during the examination, '' with the quiet, 
orderly, and lady-like demeanor that pervaded the school, 
and the close application which marked the scholars in their 
study and recitations." 

" The two classes in the First Division, under the care of 
the Principal and her Assistant, Miss Allen, by the degree 
of promptness and accuracy with which the questions on 



SCHOOL REPORT. 13 

portions of the text-books studied and those of a general 
character were answered, and the correct deportment of 
the young ladies in this division, gave satisfactory evi- 
dence that they were under the care of faithful and indus- 
trious teachers." 

The same gentleman, examining in November, says : 
" The causes which led to some criticism in the Spring 
seem to be nearly removed ; and I take pleasure in an- 
nouncing the improved appearance of the divisions spoken 
of." He also speaks of the pleasure it gave him, to notice 
that all the teachers in the upper divisions found time for 
regular exercises in Composition, and that they preserve 
them in their original form, with corrections, &c., agreeably 
to Chap. 1, Sec. 9, of the School Regulations. The Prin- 
cipal of the school, in her annual report to the Board, 
speaks of the teachers as having been constant in their 
attendance, and faithful in the discharge of their duties. 
They have also endeavored, with great earnestness, but, 
as the statistics show, with little success, to decrease the 
amount of tardiness and absence. In this we should have 
the cooperation of parents, and the influence of public 
opinion. Of those having their daughters in this school, 
and of the community generally, we bespeak the contin- 
ued confidence, as it fully maintains its standard of long- 
continued excellence. 

WASHINGTON SCHOOL. 

This is the oldest of our Boys' Grammar Schools. We 
well remember when a moderate-sized room at the old 
Town Hall was ample to hold all the subjects for Gram- 
mar School instruction. To the care of a Frost or a Par- 
ker, the boys and girls of a whole community were then 
confided. As we review those early days, we can hardly 
help thinking that the scrutiny and oversight of our schools 
was not what it should have been. Gladly do we turn from 
the evils too manifest then ; from the turmoils, in which, 



14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 

perhaps, ourselves too freely participated ; and from the 
incapacity of teachers, from which we have sorely suffered, 
to the flourishing condition of this school, under the 
continued instruction of its popular Principal, John 
Kneeland. 

This gentleman, so well known at home, is not without 
reputation abroad. Devoted to his profession with energy 
and zeal, he gives much of his time to further the general 
cause of education. By voice and pen he exercises a wide 
influence in favor of a sound system of public instruction. 
The present number of divisions in his school is six, com- 
prising 284 pupils. 

The school has been examined in the usual manner. The 
examiner in May speaks of one division as having a " kind, 
yet firm teacher, who succeeds in imparting instruction in 
such a manner, that even the occasional failures only give 
evidence that they are exceptions to the general excellence 
of their recitations." And of another teacher, of long 
experience, " as one who, with no other weapons than kind- 
ness and persuasion, often holds in check the rudest na- 
tures, and firmly impresses on their minds the importance 
of knowledge, if, as men, they ever hope to attain any 
position in society." 

In several divisions, at this examination, the entire num- 
ber of pupils belonging were present, which was gratifying, 
as it gives evidence that the scholars like the teachers and 
school, and do not from trivial causes absent themselves, 
but improve the precious hours of youth to gain that 
knowledge for which in coming years they will be so de- 
voutly thankful. 

The member who, in July, examined the whole school, 
says : " It is a number of years since he had seen the 
school, in its mode of teaching and discipline ; he accord- 
ingly took much pains to ascertain its present, compared 
with its former condition." The result was so highly sat- 



SCHOOL REPORT. 15 

isfactory, that he really found "nothing to except to, but 
very much to commend. There has been manifest advance 
in this school, in all its divisions, both in energy of instruc- 
tion and excellence of order and discipline." From a care- 
ful examination of the reports made during the year, and 
from the annual report of the Principal of this school, we 
feel assured in stating, that every division has a competent 
and successful teacher. Its condition is every way sat- 
isfactory, and its course is onward. 

The internal order and discipline is unexceptionable. 
If less attention is given than might be desirable to the con- 
duct of scholars out of school, it should be borne in mind that 
it is entirely a boys' school, and an undue restraint upon them 
is not considered so necessary as if both sexes were under 
the same roof Any suggestion, hoAvever, in this direction, 
we are sure would be kindly received and heeded. 

DEARBORN SCHOOL. 

This school consists of twelve divisions — six of boys, 
five of girls, and one (the First) mixed. The Principal 
is William H. Long ; and his Assistant, Maria L. Tincker. 
The number of scholars is 583 — 296 boys, and 287 girls. 
The corps of teachers has remained without change, ex- 
cept the Fourth Division of Girls, in which Mrs. Thompson 
resigned, and Miss Louisa E. Harris, for some years a 
teacher in this school, was appointed in her place. 

The alteration of the hall somewhat interrupted the 
school, but gives two excellent rooms — though the Local 
Committee express regret at the loss of their useful 
hall. 

The Committee who examined in February remark: 
" The scholars were examined in all the branches taught 
in the school, and we are convinced that they are assum- 
ing a higher standard than ever before." At the May ex- 
amination, the First Division, composed of both sexes, gave 
evidence of being well and faithfully taught. 

The Second Division of Boys was favorably reported 



16 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 

upon as an excellent school, well instructed and under good 
discipline. The Second Division of Girls, under the care 
of Miss Marean, who has long been one of the most faith- 
ful teachers, was well reported upon. As one saj' s, " Her 
school maintains the character for excellence so long justly 
merited." The report of all the examinations, and the an- 
nual report of the Principal, speak in terms of general 
commendation of the fidelity of the teachers, the progress 
of the pupils, and their usual correct deportment. There 
are here, as well as elsewhere, various degrees of excel- 
lence and capacity shown by the teachers in the manner 
of teaching and conducting a school. In some cases, per- 
haps, a change might be beneficial ; yet, on the whole, we 
doubt if any general change would be for the better. 

Considering the large number of children convened under 
its jurisdiction, we feel quite clear in asserting that the 
machinery of this school has been carried on with less fric- 
tion than any other in the city. The Principal may not 
produce, if indeed he seeks, brilliant results; but with his 
mind firmly fixed on the legitimate objects of liis profession, 
he infuses among teachers and scholars, throughout his 
ample charge, the all-important idea that they come to 
school to teach and learn, and all their efforts should tend 
to produce, in the highest degree, that desirable result. 

Truancy is mentioned as a source of great evil and trou- 
ble in this school, and needs public correction. The public 
can hardly conceive of the responsibility resting upon the 
Principal of such a school as the Dearborn, composed of 
boys and girls. Aside from seeing that their studies prop- 
erly progress, the question of discipline out of school, as 
well as in, is one of grave importance. On this point, the 
examiner in February says : " We can not refrain from ex- 
pressing our satisfaction with the general management of 
this school by the Principal. The care of twelve divisions 
is very great. To harmonize so many, without serious trou- 
ble or detriment in the mutual arrangement of scholars and 
teachers within, is an arduous task.^ To keep in proper 



SCHOOL REPORT. 17 

subjection and proper limits out of school the conflicting 
interests and welfare of boys and girls, so as to guard 
against evil and prevent harm, requires great patience, per- 
severence, firmness and tact, and must draw largely upon 
one's physical strength and time." To these responsibili- 
ties Mr. Long has proved equal, and for his careful guar- 
dianship of the houses, yards and outbuildings under his 
charge deserves public commendation. 

COMINS SCHOOL. 

This school is composed of boys and girls. The pres- 
ent number of divisions is twelve— five of boys, five of 
girls, and First and Second mixed. The number of pupils 
is 533, of whom 293 are boys and 240 girls. One divi- 
sion was added in the Spring, with Miss Taft for teacher ; 
but at the close of the November term the number of 
scholars had fallen off, and this teacher at her own option 
resigned, and the division was consolidated with others and 
discontinued. 

The examiner in May says : " It is quite apparent that 
the Principal of this school, whatever may have been 
thought of his qualifications in the experience and prepara- 
tion, so necessary for success, when he entered upon his 
labors, has fully met the public demands and expecta- 
tions. We take pleaure in bearing testimony, that his 
efforts to improve by constant application and study, have 
based his reputation upon a solid foundation, which we trust 
will yet secure him an enviable distinction." The same 
examiner criticises one or two divisions in spelling and 
arithmetic, and considers the general appearance of another 
division as far below what it should be. 

Another member, who reports upon five divisions, says 
of one of them : " The boys in this division seemed full of 
energy, many of them having but little home education or 
restraint upon their actions ; and a firm and steady hand 
is required to manage them successfully, so as to inculcate 
3 



18 - CITY DOCUMENT— No. 9. 

and secure obedience and order. The teacher, however, 
seemed fully equal to the task, and the school was respectful 
in deportment and desirous to learn." One member, in 
reporting upon the Second Division of Boys and Girls, was 
interested to mark the relative progress of the sexes ; and 
found that in reading, and perhaps spelling, the girls sur- 
passed the boys, though in both there was room for im- 
provement. In .all the other studies, the male portion of 
the division was far ahead, especially in arithmetic. 

The member in July, after examining all the divisions, 
sums up as follows: "The exercises of the school as a 
whole impressed him very favorably, showing a marked 
improvement during the last two years. All the divisions 
of girls, and several of the divisions of boys, were worthy 
of special commendation. The judgment formed was that 
teachers and scholars are endeavoring to improve their op- 
portunities, and are worthy our continued confidence." 

At the November examination, the First Division gave 
greater pleasure to the examiner than ever before. The 
scholars appeared cheerful, and answered with ease and 
readiness the questions propounded. Another division, re- 
ported unfavorably upon in the Spring, had vastly improv- 
ed," and the whole school appeared in a flourishing and 
satisfactory condition. 

One drawback upon this school is the irregular attend- 
ance in some of the divisions ; an evil for which it is diffi- 
cult to find a remedy. 

Another hindrance to its complete success is the circum- 
stances and poverty of many of the parents, who are oblig- 
ed to take their children from school before they have 
reached the First Division, and put them to employment to 
earn their daily bread. The loud call for men for our 
country's cause has incited many a father to take up arms 
for her defence, inducing straitened circumstances in the 
family, which have made it necessary to take children from 



SCHOOL REPORT. 19 

the public schools to assist in its maintenance and support, 
to the sorrow and regret of all concerned. 

The care of this school is similar, in most respects, to 
the Dearborn. Here, as there, an untiring vigilance is neces- 
sary to keep within due and proper bounds the children in 
and out of school ; to protect the weak from the encroach- 
ments of the strong; to guard the well disposed and good 
from the vices and pernicious example of the evil. For 
these labors, we have confidence in the strong and vigorous 
qualifications of the Principal, feeling sure they will carry 
him through trials before which a weaker nature would 
succumb. 

FKANCIS STREET SCHOOL. 

This school is composed of about thirty-six scholars, 
both boys and girls, of greatly difi"ering ages. 

The teacher is the same as last year. The various re- 
ports have been of a favorable character. 

It is not quite fair to expect as striking results here as 
in the other Grammar Schools; but the scholars going 
from there to the High School, appear as well qualified and 
are as quickly accepted, as from any school in the city. The 
parents of the children take a deep interest, and by their 
frequent visits, and uniform courtesy to the teacher, as well 
as by the punctual attendance of their children, help to 
cheer and enliven her labors in her comparatively solitary 
position. 

We have thus given a general summary of the condition 
of each of our Grammar Schools. Placed in the responsi- 
ble position of guardians of our system of public instruc- 
tion, if we understand what the public wish, it is to be 
made aware of their true and actual condition, and to feel 
that the results are commensurate with their great expense 
and trouble. 

It may occur to some that the reports of committees are 
usually of a flattering and gratifying character; rare, in- 



20 CITY DOCUMENT— No. 9. 

deed, is it, they say, to see one of a contrary character. 
But the reason for this is obvious. If teachers are incom- 
petent for their position, it is better to apply the needed 
removal in the quiet and legitimate exercise of authority, 
than to blazon forth to the public their short comings. 
Are scholars rude and disobedient, seriously affecting the 
discipline of their schools, it is far better to remove the of- 
fending member in a quiet manner than to call public cen- 
sure upon the delinquents. 

The public may rest assured, while we state upon the 
authority of our knowledge and experience that the Gram- 
mar Schools are prosperous as a whole ; that their stand- 
ard has been well sustained; that the teachers as a body 
are competent, devoted and successful; and that the general 
conduct of the children has been obedient and respectful, 
maintaining general good order and discipline. The com- 
mittee are still not blind to their faults, and will kindly listen 
to suggestions from any quarter. 

The fact that cases are so rare where it is necessary for 
the Local Committees to be called upon to interfere be- 
tween parents and teachers, either on account of alleged 
harshness or cruelty of punishment on the part of the 
teacher, or stubbornness or disobedience by the scholar, is 
very gratifying, and is indicative of self-control by the 
teachers and forbearance on the part of pupil and parent. 

Individual cases of dissent there are and have been, but 
the acquiescence of parents in the general management and 
tutoring of their children in the public schools is worthy 
of praise, and an unerring indication that they are kindly 
and successfully administered. Were it otherwise, swarms 
of injured mothers and angry fathers would assail their 
foundations, and speedily bring them to helpless ruin. 

A tendency we observed through all the Grammar Schools, 
is the eager effort to advance the pupils in their studies ; not 
so much, we fear, for the sake of the learning they acquire, 



SCHOOL REPORT. 21 

as the natural desire to have them ready for the next divi- 
sion at the time of promotion. It also extends to the First 
Divisions of the schools. The scholar is constantly impelled 
to exertion by the fear that he will not be able to enter 
the High School. This evil, if thus it may be called, can 
be traced to our minute system of grading schools. A 
scholar, if at all capable, scarcely remains in one division a 
year. His room is wanted by those below, and his years, 
if not his capacity, force him on. 

We are satisfied that our system of grading is substan- 
tially correct ; yet, in view of the fact tliat so many leave 
before they enter the High, or even the First Division of 
the Grammar Schools, teachers should see to it that schol- 
ars are thoroughly grounded in the studies pursued, even if 
they fall behind in the race for promotion and place. 
Our anxiety for them will measurably cease, if, upon leav- 
ing the Grammar Schools, they can satisfactorily answer 
these questions : 

1. Are they good readers ? Do they readily comprehend 
the subject discussed, articulate in a distinct manner the 
letters, syllables and words, and properly emphasize the 
meaning of the author ? 

2. Can they spell correctly ? To spell well is an accom- 
plishment of great utility. Many persons, of great natural 
gifts and many acquirements, are often sadly deficient here. 
They may be unconscious of deficiency in this regard,- but 
the recipients of their epistles, or those transacting busi- 
ness with them, will be reminded of it, much to their cha- 
grin and discomfort. Let our children be spared this mor- 
tification, 

3. Can they cipher well ? It is not necessary that one 
should solve every imaginable problem or question ; but a 
thorough knowledge in the four general rules is essential 
for success in the business of life. To multiply, divide, sub- 
stract and add well, is the least we can expect of a Gram- 
mar scliolar. 



22 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 

4. Do they understand Grammar ? By this we mean, Can 
they put language together in an easy and sensible manner ? 
The committee fear that in all our Grammar Schools 
there is a too close adherence to the rules and examples as 
laid down in the books, especially in Arithmetic and Gram- 
mar. Our pleasure would be greater to find them able to 
perform simple examples occurring in every day mercan- 
tile life, than to see them so deeply immersed in abstruse 
and fanciful topics, that if asked to quickly and correctly 
add a column of figures, it would result in ludicrous failure. 
In Grammar, our later authors have so refined our parts 
of speech, that those who look to good old Lindley Murray's 
grammatical knowledge, are sadly puzzled to know what it 
all means ; but perhaps from these new and brilliant lights 
we have a clear right to expect improved results. 

Lastly, can they write well ? Who does not like to see 
a clean neat, and handsome hand-writing ? To a young man 
it is of great advantage in early securing a good business 
position. To a young lady it is a great recommendation 
to write a fair and pretty hand. To each the possession 
of good hand-writing will render more available all other 
accomplishments, and be a certain foundation for success 
in after life. 

We leave these questions, with the simple remark, that 
we believe our Grammar Schools will stand the test of 
these requirements in a substantial and creditable manner, 
and will accompany those who intend to apply for admis- 
sion to the High School. 

The result of the examination by the Principal of the 
High School proved the gratifying fact, that in qualifica- 
tions the pupils from each of the four principal Grammar 
Schools were nearly alike, varying but one or two per cent., 
and showing as nearly as possible that children from all 
parts of the city possess equal advantages. 



SCHOOL REPORT. 23 



HIGH SCHOOL. 



The present number belonging to this school is 158, of 
■whom 57 are boys and 101 are girls. They are under Mr. 
S. M. Weston, the Principal, with three Assistants, and are 
separated into three divisions. 

The Third Division is under the care of Miss Sarah A. 
M. Gushing, and contains 49 scholars, all of whom came 
from the Grammar Schools in September. 

The examiner in May reports the result of his examina- 
tion as in the highest degree satisfactory : " The classes 
have thoroughly reviewed the Grammar School studies, ex- 
tending History so as to include England, and using Quack- 
enbos to some extent in the study of the Constitutional 
period. In map-drawing the scholars have become quite 
proficient, being able to sketch with rapidity and accuracy 
not only the forms of a country and its prominent physical 
features, but also to designate with general correctness by 
lines of latitude and longitude the location of some of the 
most important cities, towns, &c. All the recitations were 
given in such a manner as to show a pretty thorouo-h 
knowledge of the branches pursued." 

At the November examination it was observed that the 
main portion of the work done in this division has been 
the review of the lessons taught in the Grammar Schools. 
We think this course a judicious one ; pupils can never 
too well understand the fundamental principles which lie 
at the foundation of all studies. 

Colb.urn's Intellectual Arithmetic has been searchingly 
reviewed, with special reference to the higher mathemati- 
cal branches. Less reliance has been placed upon the exact 
examples and statements of the book, but the endeavor 
has been to fix in the mind those elementary principles 
which form the basis of arithmetical progress. 

Tomlin's Physical Geography has also been studied with 
marked success. The topics treated seemed well learned 



24 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 

and understood by the pupils, and will be of inestimable 
value in the future studies of Astronomy, Geology, Chem- 
istry, Geography, Botany, &c. The reading was excellent, 
and the spelling and defining above reproach. Some fine 
original specimens of Composition were read by the schol- 
ars. Excellence was manifested in the Penmanship, and 
the books looked neat and tidy. 

Great interest was shown by this division in its reci- 
tations and studies, and under the untiring energy of their 
devoted teacher, who seems to desire thoroughness rather 
than rapidity, it is laying a sure and certain foundation for 
the higher branches to be pursued in the upper divisions 
of the school. 

HIGH SCHOOL SECOND DIVISION. 

This division is at present under the care of Miss E. T. 
Pluramer, and numbers 30 pupils. 

At the examination in May this division was under Mr. 
Gorely. It was thoroughly examined in all branches 
taught. The reading, with some exceptions, was good. 
There was noticed a defect too common in all schools, viz., 
an indistinct utterance and a failure to articulate the syl- 
lables, caused in part by keeping the lips and teeth too 
firmly closed. This should be avoided without running 
into the opposite extreme of appearing too stiff and pre- 
cise. To read well is an accomplishment of great value, 
and of which few can boast, notwithstanding the continued 
practice and drilling year after year. 

In History good progress was making. Considerable 
attention was given to Drawing, with good results, but as 
great skill in this pursuit depends largely upon natural 
talents, we do not deem it so very important to lay great 
stress upon this exercise, though its possessor has in it an 
unfailing source of enjoyment. 

The division appears well taught, and the deportment 
of the scholars commendable. In September Mr. Gorely 



SCHOOL REPORT. 25 

resigned his position as teacher of the division, and the 
present incumbent was appointed in his stead. 

The examiner in November says : '■ Miss Plummer he 
found absent from school on account of protracted illness, 
but her sister had been provided as a temporary substi- 
tute, and seemed well qualified to carry on the work. The 
scholars were all examined in reading. The first class 
was examined in Arithmetic, History, Analysis in Gram- 
mar and Parsing. The second class was examined in Gram- 
mar, Arithmetic, and Physical Geography, with satisfactory 
results. Compositions of all the scholars were examined, 
and they were creditable. The orthography, punctuation 
and grammar were generally correct. The penmanship was 
not uniformly good ; in some instances it was bad, which is 
deemed a misfortune. The exercises in Latin and French 
were satisfactory as far as they had progressed. On the 
whole, the pupils seemed quite contented in their studies, 
and were evidently marching onward at a rapid pace." 

The First Division is under the sole care of the Princi- 
pal, Mr. Weston, and numbers 51 scholars, — 11 boys and 
40 girls. The Chairman of the Examining Committee 
(Dr. Cummings) had made special preparations for the 
annual examination of this school, but at the latest mo- 
ment he was called away, and the examination was mainly 
conducted by the teacher, in the presence of the Chairman 
of the Board, and several other members of the Committee, 
and other visitors. Exercises in Trigonometry, Astronomy, 
Geometry and Natural Philosophy, were correctly worked 
out and explained. Exercises in Arithmetic and Algebra, 
of an abstruse and complicated character, were demon- 
strated in a manner which gave evidence that the pupils 
understood what they were doing. 

The reading was excellent. Various pieces of composi- 
tion of merit and grammatical accuracy were read in a 
beautiful manner. Several fine examples of declamation 
were given by the boys. In short, every exercise and 
study seemed thoroughly taught and learned. It was a 



26 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 

treat and pleasure to listen to the reading of some fine 
piece of poetrj- or prose, by pliable lips tuned to sensitive 
ears ; to hear reproduced by youthful speakers the great 
efforts of ancient and modern orators; or to witness the 
abstruse problems of Algebra and Geometry worked out 
by intelligent minds, and skilful hands, to certain and uner- 
ring results. We noticed, however, that the scholars seemed 
somewhat abashed by the presence of so many strangers, 
which detracted in some degree from their usual confidence. 

The examination in November was conducted by Messrs. 
Crafts, Sleeper, and Williams. All the studies were re- 
viewed, and the standard of the school appeared fully 
maintained. The Compositions, which must be regarded as 
something of a test of the literary qualifications of pupils in 
our advanced schools, were commendable. The Penman- 
ship, though exhibiting many different styles, was generally 
creditable, in some cases excellent. The punctuation and 
capital letters, with rare exceptions, were in their right 
places ; the Grammar and Orthography, generally correct. 

This is an exercise of much value, and should receive 
the careful attention of the teachers in all our schools. 
Writing Composition not only tends to improve the pupils 
in penmanship, punctuation, use of capitals, spelling, and 
the grammatical construction of sentences ; but also teaches 
tlicm to think, and, what is perhaps of almost equal value, 
to express their thoughts in clear and intelligible language. 

We like the attention and thoroughness given to Latin 
and French in this division ; for it is clear to our minds, 
that those who understand those languages the best, best 
understand our own. The roots and derivations of many 
of our words date far back to antiquity, and our language 
is tinctured, improved, and enlarged by the absorption of 
many words now current among foreign nations. The 
class completing their third year's term was 21 ; 8 boys, 
13 girls. — (Vide Principal's report.) 

The advantages derived from a four years' course have 
been so obvious, that a large portion of the graduating 



SCHOOL REPORT. 27 

class desired to continue longer. Miss J. N. Brooks was ac- 
cordingly employed as teacher for the term of three months. 

There has long been a lack among us of capable and ac- 
complished teachers, to fill vacancies occurring in the high- 
est divisions of our schools. At nearly every examination, 
those coming from abroad would prove themselves so supe- 
rior to those appearing from home, that almost always the 
preference would be given them. This tends to discour- 
age our own daughters from applying, from lack of that 
thorough preparation in which others excel. 

To fill this desideratum, a fourth year's class, of a per- 
manent character, with a good teacher, partaking some- 
what of a Normal character, with special reference to qual- 
ifying for teaching, would fully equip and complete our 
High School, and render important service to many par- 
ents, who, at great sacrifices, keep their daughters at 
school, that they may be fully able to compete as teachers 
with those who come from abroad. 

The Principal, Mr. Weston, is thoroughly devoted to his 
profession. Of great tact and scholarship and experience, 
lie is entirely at home in every department of instruction, 
and fortunate is the scholar who is placed in his care. 
The criticism made upon the Grammar Schools, of unduly 
urging them forward, may apply with less force here, per- 
haps, as every day has its duty and task; but we some- 
times feel — arising, it may be, from the fact of both sexes 
being together in the same school — that the lessons equally 
given to each bear peculiarly hard upon the girls. Ambi- 
tious to succeed, fearful of rebuke or failure, the girls press 
onward, often to the injury of the nervous system ; while 
boys, hardier by nature, and of greater endurance, with less 
strain succeed, or receive the consequences of failure with 
little apparent sensitiveness or chagrin. A discriminating 
teacher, however, will so adjust matters as to silence per- 
manent complaint. 

The musical exercises of the High and Grammar Schools 
have been conducted the past year by Charles Butler, Esq., 



28 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 

"with continued success, as the popular concerts given by the 
scholars at Institute Hall, for the benefit of wounded sol- 
diers, abundantly testified. 

With this school, expensive and well appointed, the 
course of free instruction granted to the children of the 
community, both rich and poor, culminates and ends. The 
public should feel that its results are fully commensurate 
with its cost ; that the Committee have confided its inter- 
ests to upright and accomplished teachers. Let the recipi- 
ents of the public bounty, who have thus shared the gifts 
of a high education, feel that now, as their school days are 
ended, and teachers are no longer to be depended on for 
instruction, their future progress in learning and wisdom is 
in their own hands. 

Let them remember the days of their youth, for the in- 
struction they have received will gild the summits of their 
mental powers with an efiulgence which will shine through 
all their coming years; and the discipline thus early ac- 
quired, if properly improved, will aid to overcome all men- 
tal obstacles to future prosperity and success. 
. Again, let them feel, as manhood and womanhood shall 
dawn upon them, that they cannot more gratefully or appro- 
priately repay those who have bestowed these blessings upon 
them, than by ever keeping alive in their breasts an inter- 
est in the cause of public education ; and, in view of this, 
cheerfully assist in maintaining and carrying forward our 
public schools. 

For the Examining Committee, 

FEANKLIN WILLIAMS. 



H E P O H T 



PRINCIPAL OF THE HIGH SCHOOL. 



To the School Committee : 

Gentlemen, — The whole number of pupils connected 
■with the High School during the school year ending July, 
1862, has been — 

Boys, 49 

Girls, 100 

Total, 149 

Through the entire year, the attendance, eight ex-seniors 
not included, has been — 

Boys, 98 per cent. 

Girls, 96 " " 

Average attendance, ... 97 " " 

Sickness on the part of a few scholars has occasioned 
the principal loss in attendance. 

Scholars coming the greatest distances, have been the 
most prompt and regular attendants. 

Forty-eight scholars have been instructed by Miss Gush- 
ing; forty-one, by Mr. Gorely; and fifty-two have been 
members of the First Division. The ex-seniors have been 
assisted by Miss Gushing in Penmanship, and by Mr. Gorely 
in French. 



30 CITY DOCUMENT— No. 9. 

The following scholars have not been absent or tafdy 
during the year: James C. Ormand, Thomas H. Lynch, 
Lucy A. Packer, Elizabeth F. Waterman, Mary Kilroy, Mary 
J. Cashing, Lewis 0. Montgomery, Martha Montgomery, 
Augustin H. Folsom, Eldora 0. Waitt, Annie F. Reynolds, 
and Sarah L. Keene. 

The senior class of 1862, comprising eight young gentle- 
men and thirteen young ladies, total twenty-one members, 
completed their course of study, and closed their connec- 
tion with the school on Tuesday, the 15th inst. 

The entering class of 1862 was examined July 16th, 17th, 
18th, and 19th. Seventy-two candidates were examined, 
twenty-three were admitted, thirty-nine conditioned, and ten 
were rejected. 

The teachers would express their acknowledgments to 
the Committee for their uniform courtesy, kindness, and 
eflficient cooperation. 

Respectfully submitted, 

S. M. Weston. 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE, 1862. 



ELECTED AT LARGE. 

GEORGE PUTNAM, JOHN S. SLEEPER, 

FRANKLIN WILLIAMS. 

ELECTED BY WARDS. 

Ward 1. — Horatio G. Morse, George W. Adams. 
" 2. — Joshua Seaver, Ira Allen. 

" 3. ArIAL I. CUMMINGS, JOHN D. McGlLL."^ 

" 4. — John W. Olmstead, Jeremiah Plympton. 
" 5. — Sylvester Bliss, Alfred P. Putnam.* 

HORATIO G. MORSE, Chairman. 

JOSHUA SEAVER, Secretary. 



* Messrs. McGill and Putnam resigned their offices during the year, and William A. 
Ckafts was chosen in place of the former, and Edwin Kay in place of the latter. 



32 



CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 9. 






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