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City Document. — No. 4. 



Citg ijf liMtarg. 

.A.<3io-£>'tG<3L !rck,ioL-VLek,ic-y, 1863. 

R O X B U R Y : 



Citj 0f |l0^bur J. 

In School Committee, January 7, 1863. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Sleeper, Hobbs, and Adams, be a Committee to 
prepare and report Rules and Regulations for the School Committee for the 
current year. 

January 21. 

The Committee on Rules and Regulations submitted the Report of said 
Committee, which was read, and after certain amendments, adopted, where- 
upon it was 

Ordered, That two hundred and fifty copies of the Rules and Regulations, 
accompanied by the Course of Studies, the Text Books allowed in the several 
Schools of the City, a List of the Teachers, and the Boundaries of the Gram- 
mar Schools, be printed under the direction of said Committee for the use of 
the Schools and the Board of School Committee. 

JOSHUA SEAVER, Secretary. 





Section 1. The first meeting of the Board shall be held 
on the Wednesday next succeeding the organization of the 
City Government. A Chairman and a Secretary shall then 
be chosen by ballot. 

Sect. 2. There shall also be appointed, at the same meet- 
ing, or as soon after as practicable. Local Committees for the 
several Schools in the City, to consist of three members for 
the High and each of the Grammar Schools, and one member 
for each Primary School ; a Committee on Primary School 
Teachers, and on Books, each consisting of five members, one 
of whom shall be the Chairman of the Board ; a Committee 
on Rules and Regulations, on Salaries, and on Accounts, each 
consisting of three members. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Primary 
School Teachers to receive the names and credentials of all 
applicants over eighteen years of age ;. to examine the quali- 
fications of those present at any regular meeting called by the 
Chairman ; to grant a certificate to those who pass a satis- 
factory examination ; and, acting in concert with the Local 
Committee, to appoint a teacher from those examined and ap- 


proved, to fill a vacancy in any Primary School, to be con- 
firmed within three months by the Board, on recommendation 
of the Local Committee. The Chairman shall also keep a 
list of all approved applicants, for the use of Local Commit- 
tees in providing substitutes. 

Sect. 4. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Books 
to propose the text-books to be used in the schools, which 
shall, in all cases, be submitted to the Board for approval, but 
shall not be finally acted upon until said books have been be- 
fore the Board at least one week, and not until every member 
of the Board has been supplied for examination with a copy 
of the book or books proposed to be introduced into the 
schools. Nor shall any change of books be allowed, except 
on condition that the publisher of the book proposed to be in- 
troduced into the schools shall give a copy of said book to 
each pupil for the one in use by such pupil which said new 
book shall displace. 

Sect. 5. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Salaries 
to confer with any Committee of the Board of Aldermen and 
Common Council, on the subject of appropriations for the 
Public Schools, and report to this Board as occasion may re- 

Sect. 6. The Committee on Accounts shall audit all ac- 
counts presented for approval by the Board, and two mem- 
bers of said Committee shall, in all cases, approve and sign 
each bill before it is paid. 

Sect. 7. Stated Quarterly Meetings of the Board shall 
be held, on the Wednesday after the fourth Monday in 
February ; on the first Wednesday in June ; on the Wednes- 
day after the last Monday in July, and on the Wednesday 
before Thanksgiving Day. 

Sect. 8. At the second Quarterly Meeting in the year, 
the Teachers of the Public Schools, and also a Curator, shall 
be elected, and their salaries voted. 

Sect. 9. Seven members shall constitute a quorum for 
the transaction of business. 

Sect. 10. All meetings of the Board shall be held in pub- 
lic, except when otherwise ordered by special vote, and notice 


thereof shall be given to all the members at least four days 

C H A P T E E II. 

Rights and Duties of the Chairman. 

Sect. 1. The Chairman shall take the chair precisely at 
the hour appointed for the meeting of the Board ; he shall 
call the members to order, and on the appearance of a quorum 
shall cause the minutes of the preceding meeting to be read, 
and proceed to business.' In the absence of the Chairman, 
the Board shall choose a Chairman pro tempore. 

Sect. 2. The Chairman shall call a special meeting of the 
Board whenever he may deem it necessary, or at the request 
in writing of any two members. 

Sect. 3. He shall appoint all committees, unless the 
Board shall otherwise direct. 

Sect. 4. He shall preserve order in the meetings ; he 
may speak to points of order in preference to other members, 
and shall decide all questions of order, subject to an appeal to 
the Board, on motion of any member. 

Sect. 6. He shall declare all votes ; but if any member 
doubt the vote, he shall, without further debate upon the 
question, require the members voting to rise and stand until 
they are counted, and he shall declare the result. 

Sect. 6. The Chairman may call any member to the chair, 
provided such substitution shall not continue longer than one 
meeting. When the Board shall determine to go into Com- 
mittee of the Whole, he shall appoint the member who shall 
take the chair. He may express his opinion on any subject 
under debate ; but in such case he shall leave the chair, and 
appoint some other member to take it, and he shall not re- 
sume the chair while the same question is pending. But he 
may state facts, and give his opinion on questions of order, 
without leaving his place. 

Sect. 7. When any member shall require a question to 


be taken by Yeas and Nays, the Chairman shall take the 
sense of the Board in that manner. 

Sect. 8. After a motion has been stated by the Chairman, 
it shall be disposed of by a vote of the Board, unless the 
mover withdraw it before a decision or an amendment. 

Sect. 9. The Chairman shall consider a motion to adjourn 
as always in order, unless a member has possession of the 
floor, or a question has been put and not decided, and said 
motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 10. He shall put the previous question in the fol- 
lowing form : " Shall the main question be now put ? " and 
all amendments or further debate of the main question shall 
be suspended, until the previous question shall have been de- 
cided ; and the previous question shall not be put unless a 
majority of the members present are in favor of it. 

Sect. 11. When two or more members happen to rise at 
the same time, the Chairman shall name the member who is 
first to speak. 


Duties of the Secretary. 

Sect. 1. The Secretary shall have charge of the records 
of the Board, and of all papers directed by them to be kept 
on his files ; he shall keep a fair and full record of all the pro- 
ceedings of the Board ; shall notify all stated and special 
meetings ; shall notify the Chairman of any committee ap- 
pointed, stating the commission, and the names of the mem- 
bers ; shall notify the meetings of all committees when re- 
quested by their Chairman ; notify the instructors of their 
appointments, and shall give other notices as the Board may 
require, and act as one of the Committee on Accounts of this 

Sect. 2. He shall prepare the annual report required by 
the statute of the Commonwealth. 



Rights and Duties of Members, 

Sect. 1. When any member is about to speak in debate, 
or to deliver any matter to the Board, he shall rise in his 
place, and respectfully address the Chairman ; shall confine 
himself to the question in debate, and avoid personality. 

Sect. 2. No member, in debate, shall notice another mem- 
ber by his name ; but may describe him by the Ward he 
represents, the place he sits in, or such other designation as 
may be intelligible and respectful. 

Sect. 3. No member speaking shall be interrupted by 
another, but by rising to call to order, or to correct a mistake. 
But if any member, in speaking or otherwise, transgress the 
rules of the Board, the Chairman shall^ or any member may, 
call him to order ; in which case the member so called to 
order shall immediately sit down, unless permitted to explain ; 
and the Board, if appealed to, shall decide on the case, but 
without debate. 

Sect. 4. When a motion is made, it shall be considered 
by the Board ; and when a question is under debate, no 
motion shall be received but to adjourn — to lay on the table 
— for the previous question — to postpone to a day certain — 
to commit — to amend — or to postpone indefinitely ; which 
several motions shall have precedence in the order in which 
they stand. 

Sect. 5. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the 
Chairman desire, or any member of the Board request it. 

Sect. 6. When a motion has once been made and carried 
in the afiirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any 
member to move a reconsideration. In case the motion be 
made at the same meeting, it shall be competent for a ma- 
jority of the members present to pass a vote of reconsidera- 
tion ; but if it be made at a subsequent meeting, the subject 
shall not be reconsidered unless a majority of all the members 
of the Board vote therefor. No more than one motion for the 
reconsideration of any vote shaU be permitted. 


Sect. 7. Every member present, when a question is put, 
shall give his vote, unless the Board, for special reasons, ex- 
cuse him. 

Sect. 8. On the " previous question," no member shall 
speak more than once, without leave of the Board ; and no 
member shall speak longer than ten minutes at any one time 
upon any question under consideration, unless by special per- 
mission of the Board to continue his remarks. 

Sect. 9. When the reading of a paper is called for, and 
the same is objected to by any member, it shall be determined 
by a vote of the Board. 

Sect. 10. All proposed amendments to the Regulations 
shall lie over until the next meeting. Any rule may be sus- 
pended, for the time being, by a vote of two-thirds of the 
members present. 


Duties of Local Committees. 

Sect. 1. The Local Committees shall visit their respective 
schools at least once a month, and oftener if convenient. 

Sect. 2. The Local Committees shall give their advice to 
the instructors on any emergency ; and take cognizance of 
any difficulty which may have occurred between the instruc- 
tors and parents or guardians of pupils, or between the 
teachers themselves, relative to the government or instruction 
of the school. An appeal, however, to the whole Board, is 
not hereby denied to any citizen or instructor. 

Sect. 3. The several Chairmen of the Local Committees 
of the High and Grammar Schools shall be the organ of com- 
munication between said committees and the schools , but 
shaU not act on any matter of interest to the school, without 
the sanction of a majority of the Local Committee. 

Sect. 4. In case of a vacancy in the office of Principal or 
Assistant in the High, or Principal in the Grammar Schools, 
nominations and elections for the place shall be made by the 


Sect. 5. In case of a vacancy in the Grammar Schools, 
in the place of any teacher other than the Principal, the 
Chairman of the Board, with the Local Committee of the 
School in which such vacancy exists, shall examine the quali- 
fications of candidates, and from the list of those who shall 
pass a satisfactory examination, the Local Committee shall ap- 
point one as a teacher -pro tempore ; which appointment shall 
be submitted to the Board at the first ensuing Quarterly 
Meeting for approval. And no such teacher shall be appoint- 
ed by the Board, until he or she shall have been examined as 
aforesaid, and shall have received a satisfactory certificate 
thereof. The masters, or heads of departments, shall be con- 
sulted in the appointment of their assistants. 

Sect. 6. In case of a vacancy in the place of a teacher of 
any Primary School, it shall be the duty of the Local Com- 
mittee to give immediate notice thereof to the Committee on 
Primary School Teachers, and with their co-operation fill such 

Sect. 7. In addition to these specific duties of the Local 
Committees, it shall be their duty, generally, to make any 
temporary arrangements which they may find necessary, re- 
lative to their schools, or the convenience of the instructors, 
in cases not provided for by the general regulations. 

Sect. 8. Although the interest of the schools demands 
Local Committees, yet each member of the Board shall con- 
sider it his duty to watch over all the Public Schools in the 
City, to attend their examinations, and to visit them at other 
times so far as practicable. 

Sect. 9. No teacher, or other person in the employ of the 
School Committee, shall purchase anything at the expense of 
the City, without a written order from the Local Committee 
of the School — or, in his or their absence or inability, by the 
Chairman or Secretary of the Board — for which such pur- 
chase is to be made ; and all bills for repairs, books, and furni- 
ture, shall be approved by the Committee on Accounts. 

Sect. 10. No part of the premises occupied by the Pub- 
lic Schools shall, in any case, be used for any other purpose 

10 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 

than that for which they are now used, excepting by a vote 
of the Board of School Committee. 

Extract from Ordinance No. 22, relating to Expenditures for Schools. 

"Sect. 3. The Committee on Public Property shall cause all necessary 
repairs to be made in and upon the several school houses and the grounds 
attached thereto, belonging to the City, and provide all necessary articles 
for the comfort and convenience of the schools (vfith the exception of fuel) 
that may be deemed necessary ; 

Provided, The School Committee may make any necessary repairs and 
provide all articles that they may deem necessary for the comfort and con- 
venience of the schools, whenever such repairs or supplies shall not exceed 
the sum of fifty dollars in any one instance." 

Sect. 11. No expenditure, under the provisions of the 
above-named Ordinance, (so far as it relates to the School 
Committee,) shall be authorized unless specially voted by the 
Board, except for books for teachers and indigent scholars, 
and other articles or repairs for the use of the schools, not 
exceeding ten dollars in any one instance. 





Sect. 1. All the teachers shall be responsible to the Board 
for the faithful discharge of their duties. They shall punctu- 
ally observe the hours for opening and dismissing the school, 
and during school hours shall devote themselves to the public 

Sect. 2. When any teacher is reported as 'oery deficient by 
the Quarterly Examining Committee, and placed on probation 
by order of the Board, the Secretary shall notify such teacher 
of the fact, and state the deficiency reported. Any teacher 
who shall persist in violating the rules of this Board, shall be 
put on probation by the Local Committee ; or, in their absence, 
by the Chairman, who shall report the delinquency at the next 
meeting of the Board. 

Sect. 3. The morning exercises of all the schools shall be 
commenced by reading from the Holy Scriptures ; and it is 
recommended the same be followed by the Lord's Prayer. 

Sect. 4. The teachers shall open the school-rooms of their 
respective schools, for the reception of scholars, at least fifteen 
mww^es before the time prescribed for commencing each ses- 
sion. The teachers shall require the scholars to be in their 

12 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 

seats, and shall commence and close the exercises of the 
schools, punctually at the prescribed hours. 

Sect. o. The teachers shall give the children constant em- 
ployment, and endeavor, by judicious and diversified modes, 
to render the exercises of the school pleasant as well as profit- 
able ; — they shall maintain firm, prudent, and vigilant disci- 
pline ; and shall govern by persuasive and gentle measures as 
far as practicable. They shall never resort to corporal punish- 
ment, until other means of influencing the pupils shall have fail- 
ed ; and when deemed necessary, it shall be administered with 
judgment, and without undue severity. As far as practicable, 
they shall also exercise a general inspection over their schol- 
ars, as well out of as within the school, and on all suitable oc- 
casions inculcate upon them the principles of truth and 

Sect. 6. The teachers shall respectively keep a list of the 
scholars under their instruction, and shall record the page of 
the text-book at which every class commences in each term, 
and also the page to which it shall have advanced during said 
term; and these records shall be open to the inspection of the 
School Committee. 

Sect. 7. The Principals of the Grammar Schools are au- 
thorized, under the direction of the Local Committees, to make 
such classification of their respective schools, and such regu- 
lations for the discipline and government thereof, (not in vio- 
lation of the regulations of this Board,) as they may deem ex- 
pedient. And it shall be the duty of the Principals to exam- 
ine the pupils under the care of the assistant teachers in said 
schools, as often as they can, consistent with proper attention 
to those who are under their immediate charge. 

Sect. 8. The teachers of the several Grammar Schools 
shall impart oral instruction to their pupils at stated times, by 
assigning topics for their consideration, referring them to ap- 
proved works for information, questioning them upon the 
themes assigned, and communicating such information thereon 
as they may think necessary. These exercises shall take place 
as frequently as may be thought practicable by the Local 
Committee and teachers. A list of the topics shall be open to 
the inspection of the Examining Commi:tee. 


Sect. 9. In all the classes of the High and Grammar 
Schools, (provided the pupils are able to write a fair, legible 
hand,) the teachers shall require, at least once in two weeks, 
regular exercises in Composition, to consist of Essays, Letters, 
Descriptions, Abstracts of Lessons, or Exercises from "Tower's 
Grammar of Composition," according to the age and capacity 
of the pupils. These exercises shall be corrected by the 
teachers, and preserved in their original form with the correc- 
tions and their dates respectively, in books to be inspected by 
the CommitteCj as evidence of the proficiency of the pupils in 
penmanship, punctuation, use of capitals, spelling, and the 
grammatical construction of sentences. Li the first divisions 
of the male department of the High and Grammar Schools 
there shall also be regular exercises in declamation. 

Sect. 10. In the Grammar Schools, no lesson shall be as- 
signed expressly for study out of the regular school hours ; 
and in all the schools except the High School, the programme 
of daily study shall be arranged, and the time apportioned, as 
far as possible, so that the lessons assigned may be prepared 
in school, and not remain for study out of school. Of the pu- 
pils in the High School, a moderate amount of study out of 
school may be required. The programme of study shall be 
open to the inspection of the Local and Examining Commit- 

Sect. 11. When the example of any pupil is very injurious, 
and in all cases where reformation appears hopeless, the Local 
Committee shall have power to suspend such pupil from the 
school ; but no pupil shall be expelled from any school, ex- 
cept by vote of the Board. Any child who, having been sus- 
pended, shall have expressed to the teacher regret for such 
misdemeanor, as openly and implicitly as the nature of the 
case may require, and shall have given evidences of reforma- 
tion, shall, with the previous consent of said Local Committee, 
be reinstated in the privileges of the school. 

Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the teachers to take good 
care of the apartments of the public buildings which they oc- 
cupy, and of the appurtenances thereof, that there may be no 
unnecessary injury sustained by them ; also to give vigilant at- 

14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 

tention to the ventilation and temperature of their school- 
rooms, particularly at each recess, and at the end of each 
school session before the house shall be closed. 

Sect. 13. No subscription or contribution, for any purpose 
whatever, shall be allowed by the teachers, in any public 
school. Nor shall they entertain any proposal from agents or 
venders of any kind, during school hours. 

Sect. 14. Any teacher may, by permission of the Local 
Committee, take half a day each term, for visiting such other 
school in this city, or in the vicinity, as may be designated, 
and the name of the school thus visited shall be entered in the 
teacher's register, with the date of the visit. 

Sect. 15. When a teacher shall be obliged from sickness, 
or any other urgent cause, to leave a division or school tem- 
porarily, so as to require a substitute, such teacher shall sea- 
sonably notify the proper Local Committee, who shall provide 
a substitute, to be selected as far as practicable from the list 
of approved applicants in the hands of the Committee on Pri- 
mary School teachers, and the salary shall be at least two- 
thirds of that paid to the teacher of the division. 

Sect. 16. No teacher shall be allowed to relinquish the 
charge of his or her school without giving at least three weeks' 
notice to the Local Committee ; and in ordinary cases no 
teacher shall be required to give up the charge of his or her 
school without having received at least three weeks' notice to 
that effect. 

Sect. 17. The teachers are required to make vocal music 
and vocal drill regular exercises of the school. 

Sect. 18. The Principal of the High and of each of the 
Grammar Schools shall respectively submit, at the close of 
the Summer term, an annual report in writing, giving his or 
her view of the state, progress, and wants of each division of 
the school during the year. 

Sect. 19. No teacher shall sell to his pupils school books, 
or any other articles, excepting writing-books and stationery. 



Sect. 1. All children of the age of five years and up- 
wards, residing within the limits of this city, shall, on appli- 
cation to the proper Local Committee, have free admission to 
such pubUc schools as, in the opinion of said Committee, they 
may be qualified by age, attainments and residence, to enter. 

Sect. 2. But no child shall be admitted into any of the 
public schools without a certificate from a physician, that he 
has been vaccinated, or otherwise secured against the conta- 
gion of the small pox. And such certificate shall be kept on 
file by the teacher. 

Sect. 3. Children of the age of eight years and upwards, 
who may pass a satisfactory examination in the reading books 
used in the Primary Schools, in spelling words selected from 
the reading lessons and from the spelling-book used in the 
Primary Schools, in explaining the use of the marks of punc- 
tuation, in enunciating clearly and accurately the elementary 
sounds of our language, in writing words in script hand upon 
the slate, in reading and writing Arabic numbers containing 
four figures, and in the Arithmetic used in Primary Schools, 
shall be entitled to admission into the Grammar Schools. 
Children above eight years of age, though not possessing the 
requisite qualifications, may be admitted into the Grammar 
Schools by special permission from the Local Committees. 

The examination for admission into the Grammar Schools 
shall be made by the Principal or assistant teachers thereof, 
and shall take place on the first Monday of the first and third 
terms ; and no pupil shall be admitted into the Grammar 
Schools from the Primary Schools except at those times. 
Provided^ however, that the Local Committees shall have dis- 
cretionary power to admit pupils, possessing the necessary 
qualifications, at other times than those mentioned. Pupils 
changino; residence shall be transferred from one school to an-- 
other of the same rank, provided they bear a certi:Scate from 
the teacher of the school they leave, expressing theiy st^iUding 

16 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 

and character, as a condition of their admission by the teacher 
to whom they apply for that purpose. 

The examination for admission into the High School shall 
take place during the last week of the second term. Pupils 
who shall have reached the age of twelve years, and shall 
present a certificate of good moral character, and of presumed 
literary qualifications, from the Principal of the school which 
they last attenced, and shall pass a satisfactory examination 
in the following studies, viz : Spelling, Eeading, Writing, 
English Grammar, Arithmetic, Modern Geography, and the 
History of the United States, shall be regarded by the School 
Committee as qualified to enter the High School. 

Sect. 4. No pupil, whilst under sentence of suspension 
from one school, shall be admitted to the privileges of another, 
unless by a vote of this Board. 

Sect. 5. In the Grammar Schools, during each session, 
there shall be a recess for every pupil, of ten or fifteen min- 
utes ; and in the Primary Schools, of from fifteen to twenty 
minutes,— excepting as provided for, in Chap. 3, Sect. 2, of 
these Regulations. 

Sect. 6. Pupils shall be prompt and punctual at school, 
and shall not absent themselves therefrom except on account 
of sickness or other urgent reason ; and no request for absence 
shall be deemed valid, unless it be a written or personal one 
from parent or guardian. Every pupil entering after the time 
prescribed for the commencement of school, shall be mark- 
ed tardy ; and whenever any pupil shall absent himself or 
herself for two weeks in succession, such pupil shall be con- 
sidered no longer a member of the school. , 



Periods of Instruction. 

Sect. 1. There shall he four Terms in the year. The 
first shall commence the Monday after the fourth Monday in 

The second shall commence the Monday following the last 
Wednesday in May.^ 

The third shall commence the first Monday in September.^ 

The fourth shall commence on the Monday after Thanks- 
giving Day. 

Sect. 2. The schools shall be kept three hours in the 
forenoon, and three in the afternoon of each day, excepting 
Sundays and the holidays and vacations hereinafter specified, 
and except that from the first Monday in November to the 
first Monday in February the schools may omit the afternoon 
recess, and shall close at four o'clock. Schools shall begin at 
eight o'clock in the morning during the summer term ; at 
other times, at nine in the morning ; and shall commence at 
two in the afternoon, except the High School, which shall 
commence at nine in the morning, and close at two in the af- 
ternoon. Scholars may, however, be detained, for delinquen- 
cies or discipline, a reasonable time after the regular school 

Sect. 3. There shall be the following; Vacations : 

1. One week commencing on the fourth Monday in Feb- 

2. One week commencing on the Monday before the last 
Wednesday in May.* 

3. Six weeks next preceding the first Monday in Septem- 

4. One week commencing on the Monday before Thanks- 
giving Day. 

Sect, 4. The following holidays shall be granted alike to 
all the schools : — Every Wednesday and Saturday afternoon ; 

1 March 2. ^ June 1. ^ September 7. ^February 23. ^ May 25. «July 20 

18 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 

New- Year's Day ; Washington's Birth Day ; Fast Day; May 
Day ; Independence Day ; and Christmas Day ; and also the 
forenoon of the Saturday following either of the above holi- 
days, which may be celebrated on a Friday. No holiday not 
herein specified, shall be given except by a vote of the Board, 
or by a written certificate signed by at least ten members of 
the School Committee ; and in such case it shall be given 
alike to all the schools in the city. 

Sect. 5. The Norfolk County Convention of Teachers 
may be attended by all the teachers belonging to the schools 
in this city, for which purpose their respective schools may be 
dismissed ; it being understood, however, that this permission 
is not granted, except to those teachers who actually attend 
said Convention. 



Sect. 1. Quarterly, The Chairman, or some member or 
members of the Board designated by him, shall visit and ex- 
amine every public school in the city, at least once each quar- 
ter, without giving previous notice to the teachers, according 
to the provisions of the Statute. It shall be the duty of this 
Committee to obtain accurate information of the condition of 
each school, and at the next quarterly meeting to make a re- 
port to the Board, in writing^ of their examination and its re- 
sults, of the condition of the school houses, and of any occur- 
rences affecting the standing and usefulness of the schools. 

Sect. 2. Annual. During the last two weeks of the first 
term, a Committee of seven members of the Board, shall ex- 
amine the High and all the Grammar Schools, and a Commit- 
tee, also, of five members, shall examine all the Primary 
Schools in the city, and report upon the same at the next 
quarterly meeting of the Board. 


Sect. 3. All reports of the examinations of the severa 
schools shall be duly filed according to their dates, and shal 
not be taken from the custody of the Secretary, except by 
permission of the Board. 


Boohs and Studies, 

Sect. 1. The exercises, studies and text books authorized 
in the Primary Schools, shall be the following : 


1. Charts, and Sargent's Primer ; 

2. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

3. Oral Instruction ; 

j 4. Exercises on the Slate ; 
5. Singing. ' 


1. Sargent's First Eeader, (Sargent's Second Reader ; ) 

2. Spelling, from the Eeader and Worcester's Elementary 

Spelling Book ; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

4. Marks of Punctuation ; 

5. Arithmetical Cards ; 

6i Reading and Writing Arabic numbers ; 

7. Exercises on the Slate ; 

8. Oral Instruction ; 

9. Singing. 


1. Sargent's Second Reader, (Hillard's Fourth Reader;) 

2. Spelling, from the Reader and Worcester's Elementary 

Spelling Book ; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

4. Eaton's Primary School Arithmetic ; 

20 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 

5. Geography, taught orally, (Cornell's Primary ; ) 

6. Oral Instruction ; 

7. Writing words in script-hand, and other exercises on the 

Slate ; 

8. Singing. 

Sect. 2. The studies pursued, and the text-books author- 
ized, in the Grammar Schools, shall be the following : 


1. Reading — Hillard's Fourth Keader ; 

2. Spelling — The Reader, and Worcester's Speller ; 

3. Mental Arithmetic — Colburn's First Lessons ; 

4. Geography — Cornell's Primary ; 

5. Penmanship. 


1. Reading — Sargent's Third Reader ; 

2. Spelling — Continued; 

3. Defining — Worcester's Dictionaries ; 

4. Mental Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Written Arithmetic — Greenleaf 's Common School ; 

6. Geography — Cornell's Primary, and Grammar School ; 

7. Penmanship and Drawing. 


1. Heading — Sargent's Third and Fourth Readers ; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued ; 

3. Geography — Cornell's Grammar School ; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Tower's Common School ; 

6. Penmanship^ Map-Drawing, (^Drawing — Continued.) 


i 1. Reading — Sargent's Fourth Reader ; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued ; 

3. Geography — Continued ; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Continued : 


6. Composition — Tower's Grammar of ; 

7. History — Quackenbos's United States ; 

8. Penmanship, Map-Drawing, (^Drawing — Continued.) 


1. Reading — Sargent's Fifth Reader ; 

2. Spelling and De-fining — Continued ; 

3. Geography — Continued ; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 
6. Grammar — Continued ; 

6. Composition — Continued ; 

7. History — Continued ; 

8. Penmanship, Map-Drawing, (^Drawing-QonimxxQ^ ;) 

9. Booh-Keeping — Hanaford and Payson's (by the Boys ;) 
10. Declamation — (by the Boys.) 

Sect. 3. The studies pursued, and the text-books author- 
ized, in the High School, shall be the following : 


1. Review of Preparatory Studies ; 

2. Arithmetic — Greenleaf 's National, and Colburn's First 

Lessons ; 

3. Geography — Zornlin's Physical ; 

" — Worcester's Ancient Scripture ; 

4. History — Worcester's — Commenced ; 

5. Algebra — Sherwin's ; 

6. Physiology — Coming's Class Book of; 
. 7. Grammar — Tower's Common School ; 

8. Composition and Rhetoric — Quackenbos's ; 

9. French — Pinney and Arnoult's Grammar, Le Grand- 

Pere ; 

10. Penmanship ; 

11. Drawing ; 

12. Geometry — Legendre's ; 

13. English Literature. 

22 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 


1 . History — Worcester's ; 

2. Algebra — Sherwin's ; 

3. Geometry — Legendre's ; 

4. Composition and Rhetoric — Quackenbos's ; 

b. English Literature and Biography — Cleveland's Com- 
pendium ; 

6. French — Le Grand-Pere, Conversations sur le Grand- 

Pere ; 

7. Booh-Keejping — Hitchcock's ; 

8. Constitution of the United States — Sheppard's ; 

9. Lessons on Reasoning — Whately ; 

10. Latin — (Voluntary.) 

11. Drawing. 


1. Algebra and Geometry — Finished ; 

2. Trigonometry^ with its applications to Surveying^ Navi- 

gation^ Mensuration, &c. ; 

3. French — Continued ; 

4. Natural Philosophy ; 

5. Astronomy — Olmstead's ; 

6. Moral Philosophy — Wayland's ; 

7. Rhetoric — Finished ; 
^.English Literature ; 
9. Latin Language ; 

10. Drawing ; 

For the pupils who continue in the School the fourth year, 
the course of study shall be as follows : 

1. Latin Language ; 

2. French Language ; 

3. Mental Philosophy ; 

4. Moral Philosophy ; 

5. Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mineralogy, <fec. ; 

6. English Literature — Standard Authors ; 

7. Drawing. 


The several classes shall have weekly exercises in Com- 
position, Reading or Declamation. 

The Instructors shall pay particular attention to the Pen- 
manship of the pupils, and give constantly such instruction in 
Spelling, Reading and English Grammar, as they think 
necessary to make their pupils familiar with the fundamental 
branches of a good education. 

Sect, 4. Scholars requiring books shall be directed by 
their teacher to provide them. If not so provided within 
three days, the teacher shall notify the parent or guardian, in 
writing, of the kind of book required, and in case of his 
neglect to provide in two days thereafter, shall then make a 
requisition upon the Local Committee, in which shall be ex- 
pressed the name of such scholar, the name of the parent or 
guardian, and the name of the book ; and it shall be the duty 
of the Local Committee thereupon to furnish the book, and 
make return thereof, according to law, to the Assessors of 
the City. 


Morals — Encouragement of Literature. 

The attention of Teachers is particularly directed to the 
foUowinsi; from the General Statutes : 

" Chap. 38, ^ 10. It shall be the duty of the president, professors and 
tutors of the University of Cambridge, and of the several colleges, and of 
all preceptors and teachers of academies, and all other instructors of youth, 
to exert their best endeavors to impress on the minds of children and youth, 
committed to their care and instruction, the principles of piety, justice, and 
a sacred regard to truth, love to their country, humanity and universal 
benevolence, sobriety, industry and frugality, chastity, moderation and tem- 
perance, and those other virtues which are the ornament of human society, 
and the basis upon which a republican constitution is founded ; and it shall 
be the duty of such instructors to endeavor to lead their pupils, as their 
ages and capacities will admit, into a clear understanding of the tendency of 
the above-mentioned virtues to preserve and perfect a republican constitu- 
tion, and secure the blessings of liberty, as well as to promote their future 
happiness, and also to point out to them the evil tendency of the opposite 
vices. ' ' 

24 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 

" Chap. 5,^2. Wisdom, and knowledge, as well as virtue, diffused 
generally among the body of the people, being necessary for the preserva- 
tion of their rights and liberties ; and as these depend on spreading the op- 
portunities and advantages of education in the various parts of the country; 
and among the different orders of the people, it shall be the duty of legisla- 
tors and magistrates, in all future periods of this Commonwealth, to cherish 
the interests of literature and the sciences, and all seminaries of them, 
especially the University at Cambridge, public schools and grammar schools 
in the towns ; to encourage private societies and public institutions, rewards 
and immunities for the promotion of agriculture, arts, sciences, commerce, , 
trades, manufactures, and a natural history of the country; to counte- 
nance and inculcate the principles of humanity and general benevolence, 
public and private charity, industry and frugality, honesty and punctuality 
in their dealings ; sincerity, good humor, and all social affections, and 
generous sentiments among the people." 


Duties of the Curator. 

Sect. 1. The Curator shall have charge of all the school 
houses of the city, and the furniture therein, and see that 
everything about them, and the outbuildings and yards con- 
nected, is kept in a neat and tidy manner, and nothing from 
neglect be allov^^ed to suiFer or go to ruin. 

Sect. 2. He shall have the care of the Committee room, 
be in attendance at all the meetings of the Committee, serve 
all notices issued by the Chairman or Secretary of the Board 
relating to the meetings of the Committee, or of the Sub- 
Committees thereof, at the request of any member. 

Sect. 3. He shall attend to the purchase of any article 
of supply or furniture used in the schools at the request of 
any teacher properly vouched for. He shall also hold himself 
in readiness to perform any reasonable errand or service re- 
lating to the schools not specially laid down. 

Sect. 4. He shall be responsible for the making of fires 
in all the school houses, see that they are properly kept up, 
and that the fuel is used in an economical manner, and every 
precaution taken against accident by fire. 


Sect. 5. He shall also have the sole care of sweeping all 
the rooms, and dusting the same ; and at least once a year 
cause the paint, floors, windows, etc., of each school room to 
be washed. He shall furnish the Committee on Accounts 
with the original bills, as vouchers, for purchases, repairs, 
and all other expenses incurred by him in the discharge of his 



Beginning at Boston line on the westerly side of Washing- 
ton Street, thence running on said westerly side of Washing- 
ton Street to Warren Street, thence the westerly side of War- 
ren Street to Dorchester line, thence by said Dorchester line 
and the line of West Roxbury to School Street, thence the 
easterly side of School Street to Centre Street, thence the 
easterly side of Centre Street to Highland Street, thence 
through Highland Street, both sides, (including Courts and 
Avenues running from Highland Street on the west) to Eliot 
Square, thence across Eliot Square to Gay Street, thence 
through Gay Street to Linden Park, thence through Linden 
Park, both sides, to Cabot Street, thence through Cabot 
Street, both sides, to Ruggles Street, thence the easterly side 
of Cabot Street to Boston line. 


Beginning at Boston line on the westerly side of Washing- 
ton St., thence running on said westerly side of Washington 
Street to Warren Street, thence the westerly side of Warren 
Street to Dorchester line, thence by said Dorchester line and 

26 CITY DOCUMENT. —No. 4. 

the line of West Roxbury to School Street, thence the easter- 
ly side of School Street to Centre Street, thence the east side 
of Centre Street to Eliot Square, thence across Eliot Square 
to High Street, thence the east and north side of High Street 
to Orange Street, thence the south end side of Orange Street 
to Stony Brook, thence the right bank of Stony Brook to the 
Boston and Providence Rail Road, thence the east side of said 
Rail Road to Boston line. 


Beginning at Boston line on the easterly side of Washing- 
ton Street, thence running on said easterly side of Washing- 
ton Street to Warren Street, thence the easterly side of War- 
ren Street to Dorchester line, all the territory within the City 
of Roxbury to the east of the above mentioned lines shall 
constitute said District. 


That for Girls to be bounded on the east by the Dudley 
School District : that for Boys to be bounded on the east by 
the Washington School District : and the line on the south, 
west, and north, embraces all the territory of said Dudley 
and Washington School Districts, comprising the Comins 
School District, except the district hereinafter named, as the 
Francis Street Grammar School District. 


Commencing at that part of Washington Street at the 
junction of Francis Street, thence on the south side of Wash- 
ington Street (including Hillside and Heath Street to Cross 
Street) to Brookiine line, which district is to include Apple- 
ton and Oakland Places, and all the territory to the north and 
west of said point on Washington Street. 


JONAS PIERCE, Jr., Curator, 

Residence, Washington Place, (first house on the right.) 


As articles which may be needed for the schools cannot be purchased 
without written orders from Local Committees, * teachers will perceive the 
necessity of procuring such orders, when they desire to have anything pur- 
chased for the use of the schools at the expense of the Committee. All 
such orders, if the teachers prefer, may be given to the Curator, or de- 
posited in his box in the Post Office, f as it is his duty, in such cases, to see 
that the articles needed are purchased and promptly delivered. 

* See Sect. 9 of Chap. 5, on page 9. 
t Box 336. 



GEORGE PUTNAM, Highland, near Cedar Street ; 

JOHN S. SLEEPER, 111 Eustis Street ; 

FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Winslow, corner Union Street. 


Ward 1. — William H. Hutchinson, Proctor St. cor. East; 
George W. Adams, 6 Reed's Court ; 
" 2. — Joshua Seaver, Cabot Street, cor. Sumner PI. ; 

Ira Allen, Cabot, cor. Sudbury Street. 
" 3. — Timothy R. Nute, 163 Dudley Street ; 

George M. Hobbs, Park, cor. Bellevue Street. 
" 4. — John W. Olmstead, Centre, cor. Cedar Street ; 

Jeremiah Plympton, 7 Hawthorn Street. 
" 5. — Sylvester Bliss, 2 Dana Place ; 
Edwin Ray, 121 Warren Street. 

JOHN W. OLMSTEAD, Chairman. 
JOSHUA SEAYER, Secretary. 


Regulations. — Messrs. Sleeper, Hobbs, Adams. 

Salaries. — Messrs. Seaver, Sleeper, Bliss. 

Accounts. — Messrs. Adams, Seaver, WiUiams. 

Books. — Messrs. Olmstead {ex off.), Putnam, Ray, Sleeper, 

Examination of Primary School Teachers. — Messrs. Olm- 
stead (ecc q^.), Adams, Allen, Hutchinson, Plympton. 



















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[Each School for both Sexes. Salary the first year, $275 ; afterwards, 




No. 1. 

Lizzie M. Wood, 

Yeoman Street, 



Anna M. Balch, 

<C (( 



Susan F. Rowe, 

a (< 




Mary F. Neal, 

11 cc 

Eustis Street, 



Emma C. Wales, 

Sumner Street, 



Mary L. Walker, 

a a 



Elizabeth C. Backup, . . . 

Eustis Street, 



Clara M. Adams, 

Vernon Street, 



Susannah L. Durant, . . . 

(( ii 



Eliza J. Goss, 

a (( 



Catharine F. Mayall, . . . 

it it 



Annie G. Pillebruwn, . . . . 

Sudbury Street, 



Olive E. Emery, 

Cornelia J. Bills, 


Mary C. Williams, .... 

H il 



Sarah J. Davis, 

Avon Place, 



Eliza G. Lewis, 

i( ti, 



Sarah W. Holhrook, . . . . 

Mill Dam, 



Elizabeth M. Hall, . . . . 

Francis Street, 



(./aroline N. Heath, . . . . 

Heath Street, 



Anna M. Eaton, 

Smith Street, 



Anna E. Clark, 

(4 (( 



Mary E. Tucker, 

Heath Place, 




Mary E Munroe, 

Mary L Gore 

Asenath Nichols, 

H ii 


Sarah A. P. Fernald, . . . 

Orange Street, 

Plympton , 


Martha H. Horn, 

f ( (( 



Henrietta M. Wood, . . . 

Central Street, 



Mary A. Morse, 

(( a 



Maria L. J. Perry, .... 

Edinboro' Street, 



Mary F. Drown, 

(( (( 



Almira B. Russell, .... 

Munroe Street, 



Frances JS. Brooks, . . . . 
Maria L. Young 

Winthrop Street, 




AnneE. Boynton, 

Fanny H. C. Bradlee, . . . 

Elm Street, 
i( <; 






Sarah H. Hosmer, .... 

George Street, 



Caroline E. Jennison, . . . . 

(1 (( 



Mary C. Bartlett, .... 
Susan H. Blaisdell, . . . . 



Mary E. Jolinson, .... 

Tremont Street, 






At Large. 
George Putnam, 1846, 48, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63. 
Cyrus H. Fay, 1846, 48. 
*Samuel H. Walley, Jr., 1846, 48. 
George R. Russell, 1847. 
Thomas P. Caldicott, 1847. 
George W. Bond, 1847. 
John Wayland, 1849, 50, 51. 
William R. Alger, 1849, 50, 56. 
William Hague, 1849, 50. 
Theodore Dunn, 1851. 
Thomas D. Anderson, 1851. 
Horatio G. Morse, 1852, 53, 54. 
William H. Ryder, 1852, 53, 54, 57, 58. 
William A. Crafts, 1852, 53, 54, 59, 60. 
Bradford K. Pierce, 1855. 
Joseph H. Streeter, 1855. 
John S. Flint, 1855. 
Julius S. Shailer, 1856, 57, 58. 

■ *The junior dropped in 1850. 

34 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1859, 61. 
Edwin Ray, 1860. 
William S. King, 1861. 
John S. Sleeper, 1862, 63. 
Franklin Williams, 1862, 63. 

Wabd 1. 

Allen Putnam, 1846. 

Henry B. Wheelwright, 1846, 47. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1847, 48,49, 50, 51, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62. 

William R. Alger, 1848, 52. 

Bradford K. Pierce, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

John Jones, 18o3, 54. 

Joseph Bugbee, 1853, 54. 

Henry W. Farley, 1855, 56, 57. 

Franklin Williams, 1858, 59, 60. 

George W. Adams, 1861, 62, 63. 

William H. Hutchinson, 1863. 

Ward 2. 

Thomas F. Caldicott, 1846. 

Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60 

61, 62, 63. 
Alfred Williams, 1847, 48. 

Ira Allen, 1849, 50, 51, 52, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63. 
Ariel I. Cummings, 1853. 
Charles Marsh, 1854, 55. 

Ward 3. 

Charles K. Dillaway, 1846 47. 

Francis Hilliard, 1846, 48, 49. 

Theodore Otis, 1847. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1848, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54. 

William Gaston, 1849, 50, 51. 

Timothy R. Nute, 1852, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63. 

Joseph H. Streeter, 1853, 54. 

William H. Ryder, 1855. 

Benjamin Mann, 1855. 


Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57, 58, 62. 
William A. Crafts, 1856, 62. 
Richard Garvey, 1859. 
*John D. McGill, 1860, 61, 62. 
George M. Hobbs, 1863. 

Ward 4. 

Benjamin E. Ootting, 1846, 47, 49 

David Green, 1846, 47, 48, 

Henry Bartlett, 1848. 

Henry W. Fuller, 1849, 50, 51. 

John S. Flint, 1850, 51, 52. 

John Wayland, 1852, 53, 54, 55. 

Theodore Otis, 1853. 

fJohn W. Olmstead, 1854, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63. 

James Waldock, 1855, 56. 

Joseph N. Brewer, 1857, 58, 59. 

Jonathan P. Robinson, 1857. 

Jeremiah Plympton, 1860, 61, 62, 63. 

Ward 5. 

Augustus C. Thompson, 1846. 

Daniel Leach, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55. 

Samuel Walker, 1847, 56. 

John H. Purkett, 1848. 

Charles F, Foster, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1853, 54. 

Edwin Ray, 1855, 57, 58, 59, 62, 63. 

Theodore Otig, 1856. 

lAlfred P. Putnam, 1857, 61, 62. 

Robert P. Anderson, 1858, 59. 

Sylvester Bliss, 1860, 61, 62, 63. ' 

WiUiam S. King, 1860. 

•Resigned in 1862, and William A. Crafts elected. 
tResignei in 1853, and Joseph N. Brewer elected. 
^Resigned in 1862, and Edwin Ray elected. 

36 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 4. 

Ward 6.* 
George W. Bond, 1846. 

Edward Turner, 1846. 

Edmund F. Slafter, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51. 

Dan. S. Smalley, 1847. 

George Faulkner, 1848. 

Edward D. Boit, 1849, 50, 51. 

Ward 7. 
John 0. Choules, 1846, 47. 
Joseph H. Allen, 1846. 
Theodore Dunn, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 
Grindell Reynolds, 1648, 49, 50-, 51. 
Stephen M. Allen, 1851. 

Ward 8. 
Theodore Parker, 1846. 
George R. Russell, 1846. 
Dexter Clapp, 1847, 48, 50, 51. 
Matthews W. Green, 1847. 
Abijah W. Draper, 1848, 49. 
Joseph H. Billings, 1849. 
Cornelius Cowing, 1850, 51. 

Charles K. DiUaway, 1846, 47. 
George Putnam, 1848. 
Daniel Leach, 1849, 50, 51. 
Julius S. Shailer, 1852, 53. ' 
John Wayland, 1854. 
Bradford K. Peirce, 1855. 
fWilliam H. Ryder, 1856, 57, 58. 
Horatio G. Morse, 1859, 60, 61, 62. 
John W. Olmstead, 1863. 

Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57. 

*Wards 6, 7 and 8, with parts ofWards 4, and 5, were set off and incorporated, 
by Act of the Legislature, May 24, 1851, under the name of the Town of West 

tResigned in 1858, and Horatio G. Morse elected Chairman ad interim.