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City Document. — No. 2. 


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In School Committee, January 6, 1864. 

Ordered, That Messrs. Crafts, Williams, and Tuck be a Committee 
to prepare and report Rules and Regulations for the School Committee for 
the current year. 

January 20. 

The Committee on Rules and Regulations submitted the Report of said 
Committee, which was read and adopted. Whereupon it was 

Ordered, That two hundred and fifty copies of the Rules and Regula- 
tions, accompanied by the Course of Studies, the Text-Books allowed in 
the several Schools of the City, a List of the Teachers, and the Boundaries 
of the Grammar Schools, be printed under the direction of said Committee 
for the use of the Schools and the Board of School Committee. 





Section 1. The first meeting of the Board shall be held 
on the Wednesday next succeeding the organization of the 
City Government. A Chairman and a Secretary shall then 
be chosen by ballot. 

Sect. 2. There shall also be appointed, at the same meet- 
ing, or as soon after as practicable, Local Committees for 
the several Schools in the City, to consist of three members 
for the High and each of the Grammar Schools, and one 
member for each Primary School ; a Committee on Primary 
School Teachers, and on Books, each consisting of five 
members, one of whom shall be the Chairman of the Board ; 
a Committee on Rules and Regulations, on Salaries, and on 
Accounts, each consisting of three members. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Primary School Teachers to receive the names and creden- 
tials of all applicants over eighteen years of age ; to exam- 
ine the qualifications of those present at any regular meeting 
called by the Chairman ; to grant a certificate to those who 
pass a satisfactory examination ; and, acting in concert with 

4 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

the Local Committee, to appoint a teacher from those ex- 
amined and approved, to fill a vacancy in any Primary School, 
to be confirmed within three months by the Board, on recom- 
mendation of the Local Committee. The Chairman shall 
also keep a list of all approved applicants, for the use of 
Local Committees in providing substitutes. 

Sect. 4. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Books 
to propose the text-books to be used in the schools, which 
shall, in all cases, be submitted to the Board for approval, 
but shall not be finally acted upon until said books have 
been before the Board at least one week, and not until every 
member of the Board has been supplied for examination 
with a copy of the book or books proposed to be introduced 
into the schools. Nor shall any change of books be allowed, 
except on condition that the publisher of the book proposed 
to be introduced into the schools shall give a copy of said 
book to each pupil, for the one in use by such pupil which 
said new book shall displace. 

Sect. 5. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Sala- 
ries to confer with any Committee of the Board of Aldermen 
and Common Council, on the subject of appropriations for 
the Public Schools, and report to this Board as occasion may 

Sect. 6. The Committee on Accounts shall audit all 
accounts presented for approval by the Board, and two 
members of said Committee shall, in all cases, approve and 
sign each bill before it is paid. 

Sect. 7. Stated Quarterly Meetings of the Board shall 
be held, on the Wednesday after the fourth Monday in 
February ; on the first Wednesday in June ; on the Wednes- 
day after the last Monday in July, and on the Wednesday 
before Thanksgiving Day. 

Sect. 8. At the second Quarterly Meeting in the year, 
the Teachers of the Public Schools, and also a Janitor, shall 
be elected, and their salaries voted. 


Sect. 9. Seven members shall constitute a quorum for 
the transaction of business. 

Sect. 10. All meetings of the Board shall be held in 
public, except when otherwise ordered by special vote, and 
notice thereof shall be given to all the members at least 
four days previous. 

Rights and Duties of the Chairman. 

Sect. 1. The Chairman shall take the chair precisely at 
the hour appointed for the meeting of the Board ; he shall 
call the members to order, and on the appearance of a quo- 
rum shall cause the minutes of the preceding meeting to be 
read, and proceed to business. In the absence of the Chair- 
man, the Board shall choose a Chairman pro tempore. 

Sect. 2. The Chairman shall call a special meeting of the 
Board whenever he may deem it necessary, or at the request 
in writing of any two members. 

Sect. 3. He shall appoint all committees, unless the 
Board shall otherwise direct. 

Sect. 4. He shall preserve order in the meetings ; he 
may speak to points of order in preference to other members, 
and shall decide all questions of order, subject to an appeal 
to the Board, on motion of any member. 

. Sect. 5. He shall declare all votes ; but if any member 
doubt the vote, he shall, without further debate upon the 
question, require the members voting to rise and stand 
until they are counted, and he shall declare the result. 

Sect. 6. The Chairman may call any member to the 
chair, provided such substitution shall not continue longer 
than one meeting. When the Board shall determine to go 
into Committee of the Whole, he shall appoint the member 
who shall take the chair. He may express his opinion on 


any subject under debate ; but in such case he shall leave 
the chair, and appoint some other member to take it, and he 
shall not resume the chair while the same question is pend- 
ing. But he may state facts, and give his opinion on ques- 
tions of order, without leaving his place. 

Sect. 7. When any member shall require a question to 
be taken by Yeas and Nays, the Chairman shall take ^ihe 
sense of the Board in that manner. 

Sect. 8. After a motion has been stated by the Chair- 
man, it shall be disposed of by a vote of the Board, unless 
the mover withdraw it before a decision or an amendment. 

Sect. 9. The Chairman shall consider a motion to ad- 
journ as always in order, unless a member has possession 
of the floor, or a question has been put and not decided, 
and said motion to adjourn shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 10. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form : " Shall the main question be now put ? " 
and all amendments or further debate of the main question 
shall be suspended, until the previous question shall have 
been decided; and the main question shall not be put 
unless ordered by a majority of the members present. 

Sect. 11. When two or more members rise at the same 
time, the Chairman shall name the member who is first to 


Duties of the Secretary. 

Sect. 1. The Secretary shall have charge of the records 
of the Board, and of all papers directed by them to be kept 
on his files ; he shall keep a fair and full record of all the 
proceedings of the Board ; shall notify all stated and special 
meetings ; shall notify the Chairman of any committee ap- 
pointed, stating the commission, and the names of the mem- 


bers; shall notify the meetings of all committees when 
requested by their Chairman ; shall notify the instructors of 
their appointments, and shall give other notices as the Board 
may require, and act as one of the Committee on Accounts of 
the Board. 

Sect. 2. He shall prepare the annual report required by 
the statute of the Commonwealth. 

Rights and Duties of Members. 

Sect. 1. When any member is about to speak in debate, 
or to deliver any matter to the Board, he shall rise in his 
place, and respectfully address the Chairman ; shall confine 
himself to the question in debate, and avoid personality. 

Sect. 2. No member, in debate, shall notice another 
member by his name ; but may describe him by the Ward 
he represents, the place he sits in, or such other designation 
as may be intelligible and respectful. 

Sect. 3. No member speaking shall be interrupted by 
another, but by rising to call to order, or to correct a mis- 
take. But if any member, in speaking or otherwise, trans- 
gress the rules of the Board, the Chairman shall, or any 
member may, call him to order ; in which case the member 
so called to order shall immediately sit down, unless per- 
mitted to explain ; and the Board, if appealed to, shall de- 
cide on the case, but without debate. 

Sect. 4. When a motion is made, it shall be considered 
by the Board; and when a question is under debate, no 
motion shall be received but to adjourn — to lay on the 
table — for the previous question — to postpone to a day 
certain — to commit — to amend — or to postpone indefi- 
nitely ; which several motions shall have precedence in the 
order in which they stand. 


Sect. 5. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if 
the Chairman desire, or any member of the Board request it. 

Sect. 6. When a motion has once been made and carried 
in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any 
member to move a reconsideration. In case the motion be 
made at the same meeting, it shall be competent for a 
majority of the members present to pass a vote of recon- 
sideration ; but if it be made at a subsequent meeting, the 
subject shall not be reconsidered unless a majority of all the 
members of the Board vote therefor. No more than one 
motion for the reconsideration of any vote shall be permitted. 

Sect. 7. Every member present, when a question is put, 
shall give his vote, unless the Board, for special reasons, 
excuse him. 

Sect. 8. On the " previous question," no member shall 
speak more than once, without leave of the Board ; and no 
member shall speak longer than ten minutes at any one time 
upon any question under consideration, unless by special 
permission of the Board to continue his remarks. 

Sect. 9. When the reading of a paper is called for, and 
the same is objected to by any member, it shall be determined 
by a vote of the Board. 

Sect. 10. All proposed amendments to the Regulations 
shall lie over until the next meeting. Any rule may be 
suspended, for the time being, by a vote of two-thirds of the 
members present. 


Duties of Local Committees. 

Sect. 1. The Local Committees shall visit their respec- 
tive Schools at least once a month, and oftener if convenient. 

Sect. 2. The Local Committees shall give their advice 
to the instructors on any emergency ; and take cognizance 
of any difficulty which may have occurred between the 


instructors and parents or guardians of pupils, or between 
the teachers themselves, relative to the government or in- 
struction of the school. An appeal, however, to the whole 
Board, is not hereby denied to any citizen or instructor. 

Sect. 3. The several Chairmen of the Local Committees 
of the High and Grammar Schools shall be the organs of 
communication between said committees and the schools ; 
but shall not act on any matter of interest to the school, 
without the sanction of a majority of the Local Committee. 

Sect. 4. In case of a vacancy in the office of Principal 
or Assistant in the High, or Principal in the Grammar 
Schools, nominations and elections for the place shall be 
made by the Board. 

Sect. 5. In case of a vacancy in the Grammar Schools, 
in the place of any teacher other than the Principal, the 
Chairman of the Board, with the Local Committee of the 
School in which such vacancy exists, shall examine the 
qualifications of candidates, and from the list of those who 
shall pass a satisfactory examination, the Local Committee 
shall appoint one as a teacher pro tempore ; which appoint- 
ment shall be submitted to the Board at the first ensuing 
Quarterly Meeting for approval. And no such teacher shall 
be appointed by the Board, until he or she shall have been 
examined as aforesaid, and shall have received a satisfactory 
certificate thereof. The masters, or heads of departments, 
shall be consulted in the appointment of their assistants. 

Sect. 6. In case of a vacancy in the place of a teacher 
of any Primary School, it shall be the duty of the Local 
Committee to give immediate notice thereof to the Commit- 
tee on Primary School Teachers, and with their cooperation 
fill such vacancy. 

Sect. 7. In addition to these specific duties of the Local 
Committees, it shall be their duty, generally, to make any 
temporary arrangements which they may find necessary, rela- 
tive to their schools, or the convenience of the instructors, 
in cases not provided for by the general regulations. 

10 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

Sect. 8. Although the interest of the schools demands 
Local Committees, yet each member of the Board shall 
consider it his duty to watch over all the Public Schools in 
the city, to attend their examinations, and to visit them at 
other times so far as practicable. 

Sect. 9. No teacher, or other person in the employ of 
the School Committee, shall purchase anything at the ex- 
pense of the City, without a written order from the Local 
Committee of the School for which such purchase is to be 
made ; or, in his or their absence or inability, by the Chair- 
man or Secretary of the Board ; and all bills for repairs, 
books, and furniture, shall be approved by the Committee 
on Accounts. 

Sect. 10. No part of the premises occupied by the 
Public Schools shall, in any case, be used for any other 
purpose than that for which they are now used, excepting 
by a vote of the Board of School Committee. 

Extract from Ordinance No. 22, relating to Expenditures for Schools. 

" Sect. 3. The Committee on Public Property shall cause all neces- 
sary repairs to be made in and upon the several school houses and the 
grounds attached thereto, belonging to the City, and provide all neces- 
sary articles for the comfort and convenience of the schools (with the 
exception of fuel) that may be deemed necessary ; 

Provided, The School Committee may make any necessary repairs and 
provide all articles that they may deem necessary for the comfort and 
convenience of the schools, whenever such repairs or supplies shall not 
exceed the sum of fifty dollars in any one instance." 

Sect. 11. No expenditure, under the provisions of the 
above-named Ordinance (so far as it relates to the School 
Committee), shall be authorized unless specially voted by 
the Board, except for books for teachers and indigent schol- 
ars, and other articles or repairs for the use of the schools, 
not exceeding ten dollars in any one instance. 




Section 1. All the teachers shall be responsible to the 
Board for the faithful discharge of their duties. They shall 
punctually observe the hours for opening and dismissing the 
school, and during school hours shall devote themselves to 
the public service. 

Sect. 2. When any teacher is reported as very deficient 
by the Quarterly Examining Committee, and placed on pro- 
bation by order of the Board, the Secretary shall notify such 
teacher of the fact, and state the deficiency reported. Any 
teacher who shall persist in violating the rules of this Board, 
shall be put on probation by the Local Committee ; or, in 
their absence, by the Chairman, who shall report the delin- 
quency at the next meeting of the Board. 

Sect. 3. The morning exercises of all the schools shall 
be commenced by reading from the Holy Scriptures ; and it 
is recommended the same be followed by the Lord's Prayer. 

Sect. 4. The teachers shall open the school-rooms of 
their respective schools, for the reception of scholars, at 
least fifteen minutes before the time prescribed for com- 
mencing each session. The teachers shall require the 

12 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

scholars to be in their seats, and shall commence and close 
the exercises of the schools punctually at the prescribed 

Sect. 5. The teachers shall give the children constant 
employment, and endeavor, by judicious and diversified 
modes, to render the exercises of the school pleasant as 
well as profitable ; — they shall maintain firm, prudent, and 
vigilant discipline, having due regard to the temperament 
and physical condition of their pupils ; and shall govern by 
persuasive and gentle measures as far as practicable. They 
shall never resort to corporal punishment, until other means 
of influencing the pupils shall have failed ; and, when deemed 
necessary, it shall be administered with judgment, and 
without undue severity. As far as practicable, they shall 
also exercise a general inspection over their . scholars, as 
well out of as within the school, and on all suitable occa- 
sions inculcate upon them the principles of truth and 

Sect. 6. The teachers shall respectively keep a list of 
the scholars under their instruction, and shall record the 
page of the text-book at which every class commences in 
each term, and also the page to which it shall have advanced 
during said term ; and these records shall be open to the 
inspection of the School Committee. 

Sect. 7. The Principals of the Grammar Schools are 
authorized, under the direction of the Local Committees, to 
make such classification of their respective schools, and such 
regulations for the discipline and government thereof (not 
in violation of the regulations of this Board), as they may 
deem expedient. And it shall be the duty of the principals 
to examine the pupils under the care of the assistant teach- 
ers in said schools as often as they can, consistent with 
proper attention to those who are under their immediate 

Sect. 8. The teachers of the several Grammar Schools 
shall impart oral instruction to their pupils at stated times, 


by assigning topics for their consideration, referring them 
to approved works for information, questioning them upon 
the themes assigned, and communicating such information 
thereon as they may think necessary. These exercises shall 
take place as frequently as may be thought practicable by 
the Local Committee and teachers. A list of the topics shall 
be open to the inspection of the Examining Committee. 

Sect. 9. In all the classes of the High and Grammar 
Schools (provided the pupils are able to write a fair, legible 
hand), the teachers shall require, at least once in two 
weeks, regular exercises in Composition, to consist of 
Essays, Letters, Descriptions, Abstracts of Lessons, or 
Exercises from " Tower's Grammar of Composition," ac- 
cording to the age and capacity of the pupils. These 
exercises shall be corrected by the teachers, and preserved 
in their original form with the corrections and their dates 
respectively, in books to be inspected by the Committee, as 
evidence of the proficiency of the pupils in penmanship, 
punctuation, use of capitals, spelling, and the grammati- 
cal construction of sentences. In the High School, and the 
first divisions of the Grammar Schools, there shall also be 
regular exercises in declamation by the boys. 

Sect. 10. In the Grammar Schools, no lesson shall be 
assigned expressly for study out of the regular school hours ; 
and in all the schools, except the High School, the pro- 
gramme of daily study shall be arranged, and the time ap- 
portioned, as far as possible, so that the lessons assigned 
may be prepared in school, and not remain for study out of 
school. Of the pupils in the High School, a moderate 
amount of study out of school may be required. The pro- 
gramme of study shall be open to the inspection of the 
Local and Examining Committees. 

Sect. 11. When the example of any pupil is very inju- 
rious, and in all cases where reformation appears hopeless, 
the Local Committee shall have power to suspend such 
pupil from the school ; but no pupil shall be expelled from 

14 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

any school, except by vote of the Board. Any child who, 
having been suspended, shall have expressed to the teacher 
regret for such misdemeanor, as openly and implicitly as 
the nature of the case may require, and shall have given evi- 
dences of reformation, shall, with the previous consent of said 
Local Committee, be reinstated in the privileges of the 

Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the teachers to take 
good care of the apartments of the public buildings which 
they occupy, and of the appurtenances thereof, that there 
may be no unnecessary injury sustained by them ; also to 
give vigilant attention to the ventilation and temperature of 
their school-rooms, particularly at each recess, and at the 
end of each school session, before the house shall be closed. 

Sect. 13. No subscription or contribution, for any pur- 
pose whatever, shall be allowed by the teachers in any public 
school. Nor shall they entertain any proposal from agents 
or venders of any kind, during school hours. 

Sect. 14. Any teacher may, by permission of the Local 
Committee, take half a day each term for visiting such other 
school in this city, or in the vicinity, as may be designated, 
and the name of the school thus visited shall be entered in 
the teacher's register, with the date of the visit. 

Sect. 15. When a teacher shall be obliged from sickness, 
or any other urgent cause, to leave a division or school 
temporarily, so as to require a substitute, such teacher shall 
seasonably notify the proper Local Committee, who shall 
provide a substitute, to be selected as far as practicable 
from the list of approved applicants in the hands of the 
Committee on Primary School Teachers, and the salary shall 
be at least two-thirds of that paid to the teacher of the 

Sect. 16. No teacher shall be allowed to relinquish the 
charge of his or her school without giving at least three 
weeks' notice to the Local Committee j and in ordinary cases 
no teacher shall be required to give up the charge of his or 


her school, without having received at least three weeks' 
notice to that effect. 

Sect. 17. The teachers are required to make vocal music 
and vocal drill regular exercises of the school. 

Sect. 18. The Principal of the High and of each of the 
Grammar Schools shall respectively submit, at the close of 
the Summer Term, an annual report in writing, giving his 
or her view of the state, progress, and wants of each division 
of the school during the year. 

Sect. 19. No teacher shall sell to his pupils school 
books, or any other articles, excepting writing-books and 



Sect. 1. All children of the age of five years and up- 
wards, residing within the limits of this city, shall, on appli- 
cation to the proper Local Committee, have free admission 
to such Public Schools as, in the opinion of said committee, 
they may be qualified by age, attainments, and residence, to 

Sect. 2. But no child shall be admitted into any of the 
Public Schools, without a certificate from a physician that he 
has been vaccinated, or otherwise secured against the conta- 
gion of the small-pox. And such certificate shall be kept on 
file by the teacher. 

Sect. 3. Children of the age of eight years and upwards, 
who may pass a satisfactory examination in the reading 
books used in the Primary Schools, in spelling words selected 
from the reading lessons and from the spelling-book used in 
the Primary Schools, in explaining the use of the marks of 
punctuation, in enunciating clearly and accurately the elemen- 
tary sounds of our language, in writing words in script hand 

16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

upon the slate, in reading and writing Arabic numbers con- 
taining four figures, and in the Arithmetic used in Primary 
Schools, shall be entitled to admission into the Grammar 
Schools. Children above eight years of age, though not 
possessing the requisite qualifications, may be admitted into 
the Grammar Schools by special permission from the Local 

The examination for admission into the Grammar Schools 
shall be made by the Principal or Assistant Teachers thereof, 
and shall take place on the first Monday of the First and 
Third Terms ; and no pupil shall be admitted into the 
Grammar Schools from the Primary Schools except at those 
times. Provided, however, that the Local Committees shall 
have discretionary power to admit pupils, possessing the 
necessary qualifications, at other times than those mentioned. 
Pupils changing residence shall be transferred from one 
school to another of the same rank, provided they bear a 
certificate from the teacher of the school they leave, ex- 
pressing their standing and character, as a condition of 
their admission by the teacher to whom they apply for that 

The examination for admission into the High School shall 
take place during the last week of the Second Term. Pupils 
who shall have reached the age of twelve years, and shall 
present a certificate of good moral character, and of pre- 
sumed literary qualifications, from the Principal of the 
school which they last attended, and shall pass a satisfactory 
examination in the following studies, viz. : Spelling, Reading, 
Writing, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Modern Geography, 
and the History of the United States, shall be regarded by the 
School Committee as qualified to enter the High School. 

Sect. 4. No pupil, whilst under sentence of suspension 
from one school, shall be admitted to the privileges of 
another, unless by a vote of this Board. 

Sect. 5. In the Grammar Schools, during each session, 
there shall be a recess for every pupil of ten or fifteen min- 


utes ; and in the Primary Schools of from fifteen to twenty 
minutes, — excepting as provided for in Chap. 3, Sect. 2, of 
these Regulations. 

Sect. 6. Pupils shall be prompt and punctual at school, 
and shall not absent themselves therefrom except on account 
of sickness or other urgent reason ; and no request for ab- 
sence shall be deemed valid, unless it be a written or per- 
sonal one from parent or guardian. Every pupil entering 
after the time prescribed for the commencement of school, 
shall be marked tardy; and whenever any pupil shall absent 
himself or herself for two weeks in succession, such pupil 
shall be considered no longer a member of the school. But 
a reasonable excuse offered by a parent or guardian for the 
absence or tardiness of a pupil, shall exempt the pupil from 
the penalty awarded for such delinquency. 

Periods of Instruction. 

Sect. 1. There shall be four Terms in the year. The 
first shall commence the Monday after the fourth Monday 
in February.* 

The second shall commence the Monday following the last 
"Wednesday in May.f 

The third shall commence the first Monday in September.^ 

The fourth shall commence on the Monday after Thanks- 
giving Day. 

Sect. 2. The schools shall be kept three hours in the 
forenoon, and three in the afternoon of each day, excepting 
Sundays and the holidays and vacations hereinafter speci- 
fied, and except that from the first Monday in November to 
the first Monday in February the schools may omit the 
afternoon recess, and shall close at four o'clock. Schools 

* Feb. 29. t May 30. + September 5. 


18 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

shall begin at eight o'clock in the morning, during the Sum- 
mer Term ; at other times, at nine in the morning ; and 
shall commence at two in the afternoon, except the High 
School, which shall commence at nine in the morning, and 
close at two in the afternoon. Scholars may, however, be 
detained, for delinquencies or discipline, a reasonable time 
after the regular school hours. 

Sect. 3. There shall be the following Vacations : 

1. One week commencing on the fourth Monday in Feb- 

2. One week commencing on the Monday before the last 
Wednesday in May.t 

3. Six weeks next preceding the first Monday in Sep- 

4. One week commencing on the Monday before Thanks- 
giving Day. 

Sect. 4. The following holidays shall be granted alike 
to all the schools: — Every Wednesday and Saturday after- 
noon ; New-Year's Day ; Washington's Birth-Day ; Fast 
Day; May Day; Independence Day, and Christmas Day; 
also the forenoon of the Saturday following either of the 
above holidays which may be celebrated on a Friday. No 
holiday not herein specified shall be given except by a vote 
of the Board, or by a written certificate signed by at least 
ten members of the School Committee ; and in such case it 
shall be given alike to all the schools in the city. 

Sect. 5. The Norfolk County Convention of Teachers 
may be attended by all the teachers belonging to the schools 
in this city, for which purpose their respective schools may 
be dismissed ; it being understood, however, that this per- 
mission is not granted except to those teachers who actually 
attend said Convention. 

* February 22. f May 23. + July 25. 



Sect. 1. Quarterly. The Chairman, or some member 
or members of the Board designated by him, shall visit and 
examine every Public School in the city, at least once each 
quarter, without giving previous notice to the teachers, ac- 
cording to the provisions of the Statute. It shall be the 
duty of this Committee to obtain accurate information of 
the condition of each school, and at the next quarterly 
meeting to make a report to the Board, in writing, of their 
examination and its results, of the condition of the school 
houses, and of any occurrences affecting the standing and 
usefulness of the schools. 

Sect. 2. Annual. During the last two weeks of the 
first term, a committee of seven members of the Board shall 
examine the High and all the Grammar Schools, and a com- 
mittee, also, of five members, shall examine all the Primary 
Schools in the city, and report upon the same at the next 
quarterly meeting of the Board. 

Sect. 3. All reports of the examinations of the several 
schools shall be duly filed according to their dates, and shall 
not be taken from the custody of the Secretary, except by 
permission of the Board. 


Books and Studies. 

Sect. 1. The exercises, studies and text-books authorized 
in the Primary Schools, shall be the following : — 


1. Charts, and Sargent's Primer; 

2. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

20 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

3. Oral Instruction ; 

4. Exercises on the Slate ; 

5. Singing. 


1. Sargent's First Reader (Sargent's Second Reader) ; 

2. Spelling, from the Reader and Worcester's Elementary 

Spelling Book ; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

4. Marks of Punctuation; 

5. Arithmetical Cards; 

6. Reading and Writing Arabic numbers ; 

7. Exercises on the Slate ; 

8. Oral Instruction ; 

9. Singing. 


1. Sargent's Second Reader (Hillard's Fourth Reader) ; 

2. Spelling, from the Reader and Worcester's Elementary 

Spelling-Book ; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

4. Eaton's Primary School Arithmetic ; 

5. Geography, taught orally (Cornell's Primary); 

6. Oral Instruction ; 

7. Writing words in script-hand, and other exercises on the 

Slate ; 

8. Singing. 

Sect. 2. The studies pursued, and the text-books author- 
ized, in the Grammar Schools, shall be the following : — 


1. Reading — Hillard's Fourth Reader; 

2. Spelling — The Reader, and Worcester's Speller; 

3. Mental Arithmetic — Colburn's First Lessons ; 

4. Geography — Cornell's Primary; 

5. Penmanship. 



1. Reading — Sargent's Third Reader ; 

2. Spelling — Continued ; 

'3. Defining — Worcester's Dictionaries ; 

4. Mental Arithmetic— Continued ; 

5. Written Arithmetic — Greenleaf's Common School; 

6. Geography — Cornell's Primary, and Grammar School ; 

7. Penmanship and Drawing. 


1. Reading — Sargent's Third and Fourth Readers ; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued ; 

3. Geography — Cornell's Grammar School; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Tower's Common School; 

6. Penmanship, Map-Drawing (Drawing — Continued). 


1. Reading — Sargent's Fourth Reader; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued ; 

3. Geography — Continued ; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Continued ; 

6. Composition — Tower's Grammar of ; 

7. History — Quackenbos's United States ; 

8. Penmanship, Map-Drawing (Drawing — Continued). 


1. Reading — Sargent's Fifth Reader; 

2. Spelling and Defining— Continued ; 

3. Geography — Continued ; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Continued ; 

6. Composition — Continued; 

7. History — Continued ; 

22 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

8. Penmanship , Map-Drawing {Drawing — Continued) ; 

9. Book-Keeping — Hanaford and Payson's (by the Boys) ; 
10. Declamation — (By the Boys.) 

Sect. 3. The studies pursued, and the text-books author- 
ized, in the High School, shall be the following : — 


1. Review of Preparatory Studies; 

2. Arithmetic — Greenleaf s National, and Colburn's First 

Lessons ; 

3. Geography — Zorlin's Physical, and Worcester's Ancient 

Scripture ; 

4. History — Worcester's, commenced ; 

5. Algebra — Sherwin's; 

6. Physiology — Coming's Class Book of; 

7. Grammar — Tower's Common School; 

8. Composition and Rhetoric — Quackenbos's ; 

9. French — Pinney and Arnoult's Grammar, Le Grand- 

Pere ; 

10. Penmanship ; 

11. Drawing; 

12. Geometry — Legendre's; 

13. English Literature. 


1. History — Worcester's; 

2. Algebra — Sherwin's; 

3. Geometry — Legendre's ; 

4. Composition and Rhetoric — Quackenbos's ; 

5. English Literature and Biography — Cleveland's 

Compendium ; 

6. French — Le Grand-Pere, Conversations sur le Grand- 


7. Book-Keeping — Hitchcock's ; 


8. Constitution of the United States — Sheppard's ; 

9. Lessons on Reasoning — Whately ; 

1 0. Latin — ( Voluntary ; ) 

11. Drawing. 


1. Algebra and Geometry — Finished; 

2. Trigonometry, with its applications to Surveying, 

Navigation, Mensuration, Sfc. ; 

3. French — Continued; 

4. Natural Philosophy ; 

5. Astronomy — Olmstead's ; 

6. Moral Philosophy — Wayland's ; 

7. Rhetoric — Finished ; 

8. English Literature ; 

9. Latin Language ; 
10. Drawing. 

For the pupils who continue in the school the fourth year, 
the course of study shall be as follows : — 

1. Latin Language ; 

2. French Language ; 

3. Mental Philosophy ; 

4. Moral Philosophy ; 

5. Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mineralogy, $*c. ; 

6. English Literature — Standard Authors ; 

7. Drawing: 

8. Review of Grammar School studies, with special 

reference to teaching. 

The several classes shall have weekly exercises in Com- 
position, Reading or Declamation. 

The Instructors shall pay particular attention to the Pen- 
manship of the pupils, and give constantly such instruction 
in Spelling, Reading and English Grammar, as they think 
necessary to make their pupils familiar with the fundamental 
branches of a good education. 

24 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

Military drill shall constitute one of the regular exercises 
for the boys, and the girls shall receive instruction in gym- 
nastics or calisthenics. 

Sect. 4. Scholars requiring books shall be directed by 
their teacher to provide them. If not so provided within 
three days, the teacher shall notify the parent or guardian, 
in writing, of the kind of book required, and in case of his 
neglect to provide in two days thereafter, shall then make a 
requisition upon the Local Committee, in which shall be 
expressed the name of such scholar, the name of the parent 
or guardian, and the name of the book ; and it shall be 
the duty of the Local Committee thereupon to furnish the 
book, and make return thereof, according to law, to the 
Assessors of the City. 


Morals — Encouragement of Literature. 

The attention of Teachers is particularly directed to the 
following from the General Statutes, and Constitution of 
the Commonwealth: — 

General Statutes. Chap. 38, § 10. It shall be the duty of the 
president, professors and tutors of the University of Cambridge, and 
of the several colleges, and of all preceptors and teachers of academies, 
and all other instructors of youth, to exert their best endeavors to im- 
press on the minds of children and youth, committed to their care and 
instruction, the principles of piety, justice, and a sacred regard to 
truth, love to their country, humanity and universal benevolence, sobri- 
ety, industry and frugality, chastity, moderation and temperance, and 
those other virtues which are the ornament of human society, and the 
basis upon which a republican constitution is founded ; and it shall 
be the duty of such instructors to endeavor to lead their pupils, as their 
ages and capacities will admit, into a clear understanding of the ten- 
dency of the above-mentioned virtues to preserve and perfect a republi- 
can constitution, and secure the blessings of liberty, as well as to pro- 
mote their future happiness, and also to point out to them the evil 
tendency of the opposite vices. 


Constitution, Chap. 5, § 2. Wisdom and knowledge, as well as 
virtue, diffused generally among the body of the people, being necessary 
for the preservation of their rights and liberties ; and as these depend 
on spreading the opportunites and advantages of education in the vari- 
ous parts of the country, and among the different orders of the people, 
it shall be the duty of legislators and magistrates, in all future periods 
of this Commonwealth, to cherish the interests of literature and the 
sciences, and all seminaries of them, especially the University at Cam- 
bridge, public schools and grammar schools in the towns ; to encourage 
private societies and public institutions, rewards and immunities for 
the promotion of agriculture, arts, sciences, commerce, trades, manu- 
factures, and a natural history of the country ; to countenance and 
inculcate the principles of humanity and general benevolence, public 
and private charity, industry and frugality, honesty and punctuality in 
their dealings ; sincerity, good humor, and all social affections, and 
generous sentiments among the people. 


Duties of the Janitor. 

Sect. 1, The Janitor shall have charge of all the school 
houses of the city, and the furniture therein, and see that 
everything about them, and the outbuildings and yards con- 
nected, is kept in a neat and tidy manner, and that nothing 
from neglect be allowed to suffer or go to ruin. 

Sect. 2. He shall have the care of the Committee-Room, 
be in attendance at all the meetings of the Committee, 
serve all notices issued by the Chairman or Secretary of the 
Board relating to the meetings of the Committee, or of the 
Sub-Committees thereof at the request of any member. 

Sect. 3. He shall attend to the purchase of any article 
of supply or furniture used in the schools at the request of 
any teacher, properly vouched for. He shall also hold 
himself in readiness to perform any reasonable errand or 
service relating to the schools not specially laid down. 

Sect. 4. He shall be responsible for the making of fires 
in all the school houses, see that they are properly kept up, 

26 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

and that the fuel is used in an economical manner, and every 
precaution taken against accident by fire. 

Sect. 5. He shall also have the sole care of sweeping 
all the rooms, and dusting the same ; and at least once a 
year cause the paint, floors, windows, etc., of each school 
room to be washed. He shall furnish, the Committee on 
Accounts with the original bills, as vouchers, for purchases, 
repairs, and all other expenses incurred by him in the dis- 
charge of his duties. 



Beginning at Boston line, on the westerly side of Wash- 
ington Street; thence running on said westerly side of 
Washington Street to Warren Street; thence the westerly 
side of Warren Street to Dorchester line; thence by said 
Dorchester line, and the line of West Boxbury, to School 
Street ; thence the easterly side of School Street to Centre 
Street; thence the easterly side of Centre Street to High- 
land Street; thence through Highland Street, both sides 
(including Courts and Avenues running from Highland Street 
on the West), to Eliot Square ; thence across Eliot Square 
to Gay Street ; thence through Gay Street to Linden Park ; 
thence through Linden Park, both sides, to Cabot Street ; 
thence through Cabot Street, both sides, to Buggies Street; 
thence the easterly side of Cabot Street to Boston line. 


Beginning at Boston line, on the westerly side of Wash- 
ington Street; thence running on said westerly side of 
Washington Street to Warren Street ; thence the westerly 


side of "Warren Street to Dorchester line ; thence by said 
Dorchester line, and the line of West Roxbury, to School 
Street ; thence the easterly side of School Street to Centre 
Street; thence the east side of Centre Street to Eliot 
Square ; thence across Eliot Square to High Street ; thence 
the east and north side of High Street to Orange Street ; 
thence the south end side of Orange Street to Stony Brook ; 
thence the right bank of Stony Brook to the Boston and 
Providence Railroad ; thence the east side of said Railroad 
to Boston line. 


Beginning at Boston line, on the easterly side of Wash- 
ington Street; thence running on said easterly side of 
Washington Street to Warren Street; thence the easterly 
side of Warren Street to Dorchester line : all the territory 
within the City of Roxbury to the east of the above- 
mentioned lines shall constitute said District. 


That for Girls to be bounded on the east by the Dudley 
School District : t^iat for Boys to be bounded on the east 
by the Washington School District: and all the territory 
within the city west of said Dudley and Washington School 
Districts, except the district hereinafter named as the 
Francis Street Grammar School District, shall constitute 
said Comins School District. 


Commencing at that part of Washington Street at the 
junction of Francis Street; thence on the south side of 
Washington Street (including Hillside and Heath Street to 
Cross Street) to Brookline line : which district is to include 
Appleton and Oakland Places, and all the territory to the 
north and west of said point on Washington Street. 

28 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

JONAS PIERCE, JR., Janitor, 

Residence, "Washington Place, (first house on the right.) 


As articles which may be needed for the schools cannot be 
purchased without written orders from Local Committees,* teach- 
ers will perceive the necessity of procuring such orders, when 
they desire to have anything purchased for the use of the schools 
at the expense of the Committee. All such orders, if the teach- 
ers prefer, may be given to the Janitor, or deposited in his box 
in the Post Office,f as it is his duty, in such cases, to see that 
the articles needed are purchased and promptly delivered. 

* See Sec. 9 of Chap. 5, on page 10. 
t Box 336. 



GEORGE PUTNAM, Highland, near Cedar Street; 
FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Winslow, corner Union Street; 
WILLIAM A. CRAFTS, Washington, near Francis Street; 


Ward 1. — Hoeatio G. Morse, 65 Zeigler Street; 

George J. Arnold, Dudley, cor. Eustis Street. 
" 2. — Ira Allen, Cabot, cor. Sudbury Street; 

J. Warren Tuck, Auburn Street. 
« 3.— Timothy R. Nute, 163 Dudley Street; 

George M. Hobbs, Park, cor. Belle vue Street. 
" 4. — John W. Olmstead, Centre, cor. Cedar Street ; 

Jeremiah Plympton, 7 Hawthorn Street. 
« 5. — Edwin Ray, 121 Warren Street; 

Alfred P. Putnam, Elm, near Dudley Street. 



Regulations. — Messrs. Crafts, Williams, Tuck. 

Salaries. — Messrs. Allen, Morse, A. P. Putnam. 

Accounts. — Messrs. Williams, Nute, Plympton. 

Books. — Messrs. G. Putnam (ex off.), Ray, Crafts, Olm- 
stead, Hobbs. 

Examination of Primary School Teachers. — Messrs. G. 
Putnam (ex off.), Morse, Allen, Plympton, Arnold. 






S 3 



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[Each School for both Sexes. Salary, first year, $325 ; afterwards, $350.] 




No. 1. Lizzie M. Wood. . . . 

Yeoman Street. 


2. Anna M. Balch. . . . 

(< << 


3. Susan F. Rowe. . . . 

<( <« 


4. Huldah R. Clark. . . 

<( a 


5. Mary F. Neal 

Eustis Street. 


6. Emma C. Wales. . . . 

Sumner Street. 


7. Mary L. Walker. . . . 

tt it 


8. Elizabeth E. Backup. . 

Eustis Street. 


9. Clara M. Adams. . . . 

Vernon Street. 


10. Susannah L. Durant. 

(< <( 


11. Catherine F. Mayall. 

ft a 


12. Abby S. Oliver. . . . 

a a 


13. Annie G. Fillebrown. 

Sudbury Street. 


14. Olive E Emery. . . . 

l< " 4' 


15. Cornelia J. Bills. . . 

ft " 


16. Mary E. Gardner. . . 

<« <f 


17. Sarah J. Davis. . . . 

Avon Place. 


18. Carrie Lewis 

ft (( 

■ < 

19. Mary A. Miers. . . . 

Mill Dam. 


20. Elizabeth M. Hall. . . 

Francis Street. 


21. J. B. Lawrence. , . . 

Heath Street. 


22. Anna M. Eaton. . . . 

Smith Street. 


23. Anna E. Clark. . . . 

ft ft 


24. Mary L. Gore. . . . 

Heath Place. 


25. Sarah W. Holbrook. . 

ft a 


26. Anna M. Stone. . . . 

tt ft 


27. Emily L. Wilson. . . 

ft a 


28. Martha H. Horn. . . . 

Orange Street. 


29. Emily B. Eliot. . . . 

(( f f 

1 1 

30. Henrietta M. Wood. 

Centre Street. 


31. Mary A. Morse. . . . 

(< a 


32. Maria L. J. Perry. . . 

Edinboro' Street. 

G. Putnam. 

33. Mary F. Drown. . . . 

ft a 


34. Almira B. Russell. . . 

Munroe Street. 

A. P. Putnam. 

35. Frances N. Brooks. . 

Winthrop Street. 


36. Eliza J. Goss 

it (< 

1 1 

37. Anne E. Boynton. 

Elm Street. 

A. P. Putnam. 

38. Fanny H. C. Bradlee. . 

a ft 


39. (Discontinued.) . . . 


40. Sarah H. Hosmer. . . 

George Street. 


41. Caroline E. Jennison. . 

ft a 


42. Mary C. Bartlett. . . 

tt ft 


43. Susan H. Blaisdell. . . 

ft a 


44. Mary E. Johnson. . . 

Tremont Street. 




At Large. 

George Putnam, 1846, 48, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64. 

Cyrus H. Fay, 1846, 48. 

*Samuel H. Walley, Jr., 1846, 48. 

George R. Russell, 1847. 

Thomas F. Caldicott, 1847. 

George W. Bond, 1847. 

John Wayland, 1849, 50, 51. 

William R. Alger, 1849, 50, 56. 

William Hague, 1849, 50. 

Theodore Dunn, 1851. 

Thomas D. Anderson, 1851. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1852, 53, 54. 

William H. Ryder, 1852, 53, 54, 57, 58. 

William A. Crafts, 1852, 53, 54, 59, 60, 64. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1855. 

Joseph H. Streeter, 1855. 

John S. Flint, 1855. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1856, 57, 58. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1859, 61. 

Edwin Ray, 1860. 

William S. King, 1861. 

John S. Sleeper, 1862, 63. 

Franklin Williams, 1862, 63, 64. 

* The junior dropped in 1850. 


34 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

Ward 1. 

Allen Putnam, 1846. 

Henry B. Wheelwright, 1846, 47. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64. 

William R. Alger, 1848, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

John Jones, 1853, 54. 

Joseph Bugbee, 1853, 54. 

Henry W. Parley, 1855, 56, 57. 

Franklin Williams, 1858, 59, 60. 

George W. Adams, 1861; 62, 63. 

William H. Hutchinson, 1863. 

George J. Arnold, 1864. 

Ward 2. 

Thomas F. Caldicott, 1846. 

Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 

61, 62, 63. 
Alfred Williams, 1847, 48. 

Ira Allen, 1849, 50, 51, 52, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64. 
Arial I. Cummings, 1853. 
Charles Marsh, 1854, 55. 
J. Warren Tuck, 1864. 

Ward 3. 

Charles K. Dillaway, 1846, 47. 

Francis Hilliard, 1846, 48, 49. 

Theodore Otis, 1847. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1848, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54. 

William Gaston, 1849, 50, 51. 

Timothy R. Nute, 1852, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64. 

Joseph H. Streeter, 1853, 54. 

William H. Ryder, 1855. 

Benjamin Mann, 1855. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57, 58, 62. 

William A. Crafts, 1856. 

Richard Garvey, 1859. 

*John D. McGill, 1860, 61, 62. 

George M. Hobbs, 1863, 64. 

* Kesigned in 1862, and William A. Crafts elected. 


Ward 4. 

Benjamin E. Cotting, 1846, 47, 49. 

David Green, 1846, 47, 48. 

Henry Bartlett, 1848. 

Henry W. Fuller, 1849, 50, 51. 

John S. Flint, 1850, 51, 52. 

John Wayland, 1852, 53, 54, 55. 

Theodore Otis, 1853. 

*John W. Olmstead, 1854, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64. 

James Waldock, 1855, 56. 

Joseph N. Brewer, 1857, 58, 59. 

Jonathan P. Robinson, 1857. 

Jeremiah Plympton, 1860, 61, 62, 63, 64. 

Ward 5. 

Augustus C. Thompson, 1846. 

Daniel Leach, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55. 

Samuel Walker, 1847, 56. 

John H. Purkett, 1848. 

Charles F. Foster, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1853, 54. 

Edwin Ray, 1855, 57, 58, 59, 63, 64. 

Theodore Otis, 1856. 

f Alfred P. Putnam, 1857, 61, 62, 64. 

Robert P. Anderson, 1858, 59. 

jSylvester Bliss, I860, 61, 62, 63. 

William S. King, 1860. 

Ward 6.§ 

George W. Bond, 1846. 

Edward Turner, 1846. 

Edmund F. Slafter, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51. 

Dan. S. Smalley, 1847. 

George Faulkner, 1848. 

Edward D.Boit, 1849, 50, 51. 

* Resigned in 1856, and Joseph N. Brewer elected, 
f Kesigned in 1862, and Edwin Ray elected. 
% Deceased in 1863, and Henry B. Metcalf chosen to fill vacancy. 

§ Wards 6, 7 and 8, with parts of Wards 4 and 5, were set off and incorporated, by Act 
of the Legislature, May 24, 1851, under the name of the Town of West Koxtrary. 

36 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 2. 

Ward 7. 

John O. Choules, 1846, 47. 
Joseph H. Allen, 1846. 
Theodore Dunn, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 
Grindell Reynolds, 1848, 49, 50, 51. 
Stephen M. Allen, 1851. 

Ward 8. 

Theodore Parker, 184G. 
George R. Russell, 1846. 
Dexter Clapp, 1847, 48, 50, 51. 
Matthews W. Green, 1847. 
Abijah W. Draper, 1848, 49. 
Joseph H. Billings, 1849. 
Cornelius Cowing, 1850, 51. 


Charles K. Dillaway, 1846, 47. 
George Putnam, 1848, 64. 
Daniel Leach, 1849, 50, 51. 
Julius S. Shailer, 1852, 53. 
John Wayland, 1854. 
Bradford K. Peirce, 1855. 
*William H. Ryder, 1856, 57, 58. 
Horatio G. Morse, 1859, 60, 61, 62. 
John W. Olmstead, 1863. 


tJoshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 

62, 63. 
Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57. 
Franklin Williams, 1864. 

* Resigned in 1858, and Horatio G. Morse elected Chairman ad interim. 
f Deceased in 1863, and Franklin Williams chosen to fill vacancy. 


3 9999 06660 794 4 





One volume can be taken at a time from ihe 
Lower Hall, and one from the Bates llall. 
Books can be kept out 14 days. 

A line of 2 cents for each volume will be 
incurred for each day a book is detained more 
than 14 days. 

Any book detained more than a week be- 
yond the time limited, will be sent for at the 
expense of the delinquent. 

No book is to be lent out of the household 
of the borrower. 

The Library hours for the delivery and re- 
turn of books are from 10 o'clock, A. M., to 
8 o'clock, P. M., in the Lower Hall ; and from 
10 o'clock, A. M., until one half hour before 
sunset in the Bates Hall. 

EA'ery book must, under penalty of one dol- 
lar, be returned to the Library at such time 
in August as shall be publicly announced. 

The card must be presented whenever a 
book is returned. For renewing a book the 
card must be presented, together with the 
book, or with the shelf-numbers of the book.