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City Document. — JVo. 7.
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L. B. & O. E. WESTON, PRINTERS, GUILD ROW.
Cit]) of |lo^&ttrs.
In School Committee, April 22d, 1864.
The Chairman appointed the following members as the Annual Exam-
ining Committee, viz. :
High and Grammar Schools, — Messrs. A. P. Putnam, Crafts, Plympton,
MoE,sE, HoBBs, Williams and Arnold.
Primary Schools, — Messrs. Nute, Ray, Allen, Olmstead and Tuck..
Mr. Crafts submitted the Annual Keport of the High and Grammar
Mr. Nute submitted the Annual Report of the Primary Schools.
Which were accepted. It was then
Ordered, That the several Reports be committed to Messrs. Putnam,
Crafts, Nute and Williams, to revise, and cause to be printed the usual
number of copies, to be distributed to the citizens of this City as the An-
nual Report of the School Committee.
FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Secretary.
The School Committee herewith submit as their Re-
port to the people of the City, the Reports of the Exam-
ining Committees of the Board. It is believed that
these two Reports furnish all the information on the
condition of the Schools that would be interesting to the
citizens, and those suggestions of improvement that are
most worthy of their consideration.
For the School Committee.
GEO. PUTNAM, Chairman.
Roxbury, Dec. 7, 1864.
HIGH AND GRAMMAR SCHOOLS.
Under the regulations of the School Committee, the
annual examination of the Public Schools is made at
the close of the Spring term, in May. The Committees
appointed for that examination have, for several years
past, made the quarterly examination in November also,
and upon the reports of these two examinations the
Annual Report is chiefly based. During the past year,
the same Committee has made the annual and the two
succeeding quarterly examinations of the High and
Grammar Schools, and upon all these the present Report
The Examining Committee was composed of the fol-
lowing named members : — Messrs. A. P. Putnam,
Crafts, Plympton, Morse, Hobbs, Williams, and Arnold.
Mr. Putnam having resigned his position on the Com-
mittee, in consequence of his removal to another State,
Mr. Metcalf, who was elected to fill the vacancy in the
6 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
Board, was added to the Examining Committee, q,nd the
undersigned was appointed Chairman.
THE HIGH SCHOOL
Was found by the several examinations to be in a highly
satisfactory condition. Under its corps of accomplished,
devoted and efficient teachers, it is believed to be making
excellent progress and constant improvement, and it is
an institution in wdiich the citizens of Koxbury may feel
an increasing interest and a just pride. During the
year, a change has been made in the corps of teachers.
Miss Eunice T. Plumer, who had had charge of the
second class for nearly two years, resigned her situation
at the close of the summer term, and Miss Maria L.
TiNCKER was elected to fill the vacancy. Miss Plumer
was a lady of rare scholarly attainments and undoubted
ability as a teacher, but notwithstanding her earnest and
devoted efforts, she did not meet with the success which
her own ideal and the welfare of the school required, and
she accordingly resigned. Her successor. Miss Tincker,
had already established a high reputation with the Com-
mittee as Assistant in the Dearborn School, and during
the term in which she has been in her present position,
has maintained that reputation and proved an acquisition
to the School.
In August, the Committee authorized the employment
of a French teacher, with the view of affording better
instruction in speaking the language. Under this vote.
SCHOOL REPORT. 7
an accomplislied French lady, Madame de Maltchyce,
who was educated as a teacher, and is most highly recom-
mended, has been engaged since the commencement of
the new school year in giving instruction in pronuncia-
tion and conversational French to each of the classes.
The method adopted, combining the efforts of the French
instructor and of the regular teachers, is meeting with
success, and it is believed will accomplish excellent
results in this branch. The advantage thus afforded of
obtaining an unusually perfect knowledge of the French
language, adds not a little to the superiority of the
School, and will be appreciated b^ parents who desire
that their children may receive a respectable High
Of the other teachers, Mr. Weston, Miss Gushing and
Miss Gragg, whose reputations as accomplished and
devoted teachers have already been established in their
respective positions, it is only necessary to say that they
are meeting with equal, if not greater, success than
heretofore ; manifesting no less zeal and enthusiasm in
their calling, profiting, as all good teachers do, by their
experience, and ceasing not to labor for their own im-
provement that they may benefit their pupils.
The number of pupils continuing after the completion
of the regular course of three years, is much larger this
•year than heretofore. A part of these are reviewing the
elementary studies, with the view of preparing themselves
for teachers, and others are pursuing advance studies.
The additional advantages offered by this fourth year
8 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
class, will furnish us with some excellent teachers, and
are highly appreciated by those who enjoy them and by
The several examinations, as well as the occasional
visits of the Committee, showed the order and discipline
of the School to be worthy of commendation. An excel-
lent spirit seems to pervade the classes, and under the
firm but kindly rule of the teachers, order is at all times
maintained without apparent effort, and the deportment
of the pupils is generally gentlemanly and ladylike.
The success of the School in this particular, in which it
is sometimes, with reason, feared that a mixed school of
this grade may fail, is firmly established.
In the various studies pursued, from Arithmetic and
Grammar to the higher Mathematics, Physical Science,
the Constitution of the United States and Languages, the
examiners have reported that good progress is made, and
that the examinations were satisfactory and in some
branches worthy of special praise. The methods of
instruction, as shown by the conduct of the exercises and
the proficiency of the pupils, are also commended, as
being calculated to secure a thorough knowledge of the
subjects under consideration and the investigation of
principles. Upon this point, the examiner (Dr. Arnold),
in his report upon the recent examination, says : —
' ' Without apparent effort, the minds of the class are
concentrated upon some principle, and there held until it,
in all its parts and with all its bearings, is thoroughly
comprehended. The essential principle of ' Object-
SCHOOL REPORT. 9
teaching ' is here made manifest. The pupil's mind is
brought out, is made to unfokl itself, its powers of
observation enlarged and strengthened, and he is de-
veloped into a thinking, reasoning student." And he
concludes his report as follows : — "A noticeable feature
in the School, taken as a whole, is the manner of
presenting subjects before the class. This is done in
such a way that principles are made clear and promi-
nent. The mind of the pupil readily grasps them, and
a practical application is immediately made. Abstruse
principles are reached by so easy and natural a consider-
ation of simpler ones, that even the dullest are able to
comprehend. Principles are essentially taught. A
process of reasoning is made upon this basis, which is
the foundation of every good education."
At the examination at the close of the summer term,
which is also the close of the school year, on the last
day, at the suggestion of the examiner, the School was
opened to the public, and in each division exercises in
the several studies pursued were assigned for certain
hours during the session. The number of visitors was
not large, no sufficient notice of the examination having
been given. But the exercises apparently gave great
satisfaction to those present, and afforded a fair idea of
the working of the School, no special preparation having
been made for the occasion. It is believed that such
a public examination at the close of the year would
promote the best interests of the School, and would the
10 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7
better make known to the people of the city its real
excellence and value.
On this occasion, the lower school-room was orna-
mented with spirited and well executed drawings upon
the blackboards by the pupils, and more elaborate and
finer specimens in pencil, all of which did credit to the
young artists and their instructor, and some of which
were of great merit. In the higher classes, were
exhibited very creditable specimens of drawing real
objects and sketches from nature, which, while less
attractive, perhaps, than the copies of patterns, gave
evidence of the excellent method of instruction in this
branch, which aims to develop a skilful use of the pencil
upon a knowledge of the scientific principles of the art.
The success which has attended the patient and well
directed efforts of the teacher, Mr. Nutting, entitles him
to the acknowledgments of the Committee, and establishes
the value of the instruction in this branch.
During the year, military drill for the boys and
calisthenics for the girls (upon Dr. Dio Lewis's plan)
have been among the regular exercises of the School.
Under the instruction of their commander, a member of
the School, the boys have become proficient in the
manual of arms and in company movements. The drill is
in all respects a success, and with proper equipments
these lads would* make a military appearance creditable
to similar organizations of their elders. It is found that
the discipline under which they are placed in this
exercise exerts a beneficial influence, and combining
SCHOOL REPORT. 11
liealthfulness with this, it needs no further argument to
obtain for it the approval of the public. The calisthenic
or gymnastic exercises of the girls are also made a
regular duty of the School, and afford a healthful
training of the limbs, as well as an agreeable amuse-
ment. Of the excellence of this system and its bene-
ficial results, both to body and mind, there can be no
doubt. The zeal and interest with which the exercise
is now attended to should not be suffered to abate.
THE GRAMMAR SCHOOLS.
The examinations of the Grammar Schools have shown
them to be in a generally satisfactory condition, and the
teachers to be laboring earnestly and successfully in
their various duties. The schools are full, and some of
the lower divisions are crowded, but not yet to an extent
to seriously interfere with their progress. The necessity
of admitting a large number from the Primary School's
every six months, and the impossibility of promoting
from one division to a higher with equal rapidity, causes
the excess in the lower divisions. A higher standard for
admission would undoubtedl}^ promote the interests of
the Grammar Schools, though it might render necessary
a greater increase of Primary School accommodations.
The Dudley School (for girls) is reported as being in
excellent condition. The accomplished Principal, Miss
Baker, maintains the high rank for this School which it
has heretofore enjoyed, and continues to send to the
12 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
High School some of the most thoroughly prepared
candidates for admission. Her efforts are ably seconded
by her assistant and the other teachers, and the methods
of instruction and spirit which prevail in the first division
appear to be infused into the whole School. In many of
the exercises there was a general excellence, which
showed faithful and persistent labor on the part of the
teachers, and attention and industry on the part of most
of the pupils, rather than a brilliant proficiency in a
few. In the upper divisions, especially, thoroughness
seemed to be the purpose of the teachers and gave char-
acter to the recitations. It is not necessary to give in
detail the results of the examination, but among the
exercises in the several divisions which gave most
satisfaction to the examiner, were Reading, which was
intelligent and natural in tone and manner, Arithmetic,
which gave evidence of patient training, Geography and
Grammar. These, of course, were not equally good in
all the divisions, but in one or another each of these
exercises was worthy of commendation. There were
also some very good compositions upon subjects assigned
with a just and considerate estimate of the ability of
^-qhildren to express their own ideas. The examiner was
glad to observe that the too frequent error of assigning
subjects w^hich only mature minds and practised writers
can treat was generally avoided. The penmanship of
many of the pupils was also worthy of commendation.
The deportment of the pupils was excellent; the dis-
cipline, though firm, is gentle, and the relations between
SCHOOL REPORT. 13
teachers and pupils appear to be pleasant and sympa
thetic. The attendance and punctuality of the scholars
have been more than usually satisfactory.
The Washington School (for boys) appears to have
maintained its established character, and the examina-
tions showed that the pupils are making good progress,
and that the teachers feel conscious that their classes are
improving. The second, fourth, fifth and sixth divisions
received the special commendations of the examiner at
each of the last three examinations, and these repeated
favorable judgments indicate that in this portion of the
school the teachers are laboring with gratifying success.
In the other two divisions, also, good progress has been
made, and some of the exercises gave great satisfaction.
In the third division, a new and comparatively inexpe-
rienced teacher, who succeeded Miss Mansfield, for
many years a highly valued and most successful instruc-
tor, has labored under some disadvantage, but her
determined efforts and increasing experience have given
her good success, and will, without doubt, soon secure as
favorable a judgment as the lower divisions. The first
division, under the charge of the Principal, Mr.
Kneeland, and his assistant, is also highly commended
for proficiency in the studies pursued ; but while making
favorable mention of it, the examiner (Mr. Williams)
remarks: — "We are of opinion, however, that in the
first divisions of our Grammar Schools, for boys es-
pecially, some change in the studies is desirable. Too
14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
much reference is had to qualifying the scholars for the
High School, and every energy is bent to secure favora-
ble results in that direction. But in view of the fact
that many boys do not go to the High School at all, and
that many of those who go do not remain three years, no
effort should be spared to give scholars in the Grammar
Schools such an education as will qualify them to trans-
act the ordinary affairs of life."
Penmanship appears to be faithfully attended to in
this school, and the copy books of the pupils received
the commendation of the examiner. With some abate-
ment in the first division, which was, perhaps, a tempo-
rary exception, the order of the school was praiseworthy,
and the deportment of the pupils good.
The Dearborn School (for girls and boys), numbering
upwards of five hundred scholars, has during the year
been highly successful, and throughout its numerous
divisions has maintained the standard of excellence which
it had previously established. The examiners expressed
themselves as highly pleased with the exercises in most
respects, and found little upon which to offer adverse
criticism. The prompt and correct recitations evinced
careful and continuous drilling on the part of the teach-
ers, and interest and attentive study on the part of the
pupils. A faithful, conscientious and earnest devotion
to duty would seem to be characteristic of the teachers
here, who partake of the spirit of the Principal, and
work "harmoniously with him for the best interests of the
SCHOOL REPORT. 15
school. The natural result is a responsive interest and
life among the pupils, and their consequent progress.
The exercises which received the special commendation
of the examiners were those in Grammar and Geography,
in the former of which one of the examiners expressed
great gratification at the manner in which a usually dry
and uninteresting study excited an animated and lively
interest in the classes. Teachers of ability, who love
their calling and possess tact and a kindly sympathy with
their pupils, can accomplish such results, and make the
dryest text-books interesting. Such we have in the
Dearborn School, as in others, and such only it should
be the aim of the Committee to employ.
As in the studies, the general appearance of the School
and its government, the order, deportment and relations
between teachers and pupils, have given satisfaction, and
it is believed that the working of the school, while ad-
vantageous to the children, must be generally pleasing to
The CoMiNS School (for boys and girls) is also a large
school, numbering about six hundred scholars. Although
this school has some difficulties to contend with which
are not felt to so great an extent in the other Grammar
Schools, it is reported as being, on the whole, in a satis-
factory condition. The Principal evidently labors earn-
estly to secure progress throughout the school, and the
other teachers second his efforts for the most part with
success. By a printed schedule the work for each
16 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
division is assigned with precision, and the teachers are
expected to accomplish it. Certain progress is thus ob-
tained, and the extent of the study required is not so
great but that thoroughness as well as progress may also
be secured. This precise arrangement of studies appears
to be advantageous in so large a school, and renders the
progress of the classes promoted from one division to
another more uniform. If apportioned with care, and
carried out efficiently, such an arrangement must work
well in practice, and as this is based on the experience
of several years, and it is the aim of the Principal to carry
out its requirements, it is believed that it will prove
The several examinations showed that most of the
divisions were in good condition, and some were of su-
perior merit. The discipline of the school was generally
such as to maintain order without painful effort, and the
methods of instruction were such as to awaken an inter-
est in study and an animation in recitation. One or two
changes have taken place in the corps of teachers, which,
as is frequently the case, were at first not conducive to
the advancement of the divisions where they occurred,
but which promise in the end to be no disadvantage.
On the whole, the Comins School maintains a creditable
position, and the spirit of the Principal and his assistants
promises continued improvement.
The Francis Street Grammar School, though small,
has usually been found an interesting one for the Com-
SCHOOL REPORT. 17
mittee to examine. The reports for tlie past year show
that it maintains its character in that respect, and is by
no means deficient in progress and improvement. Not
having the advantages of grading possessed by large
schools, the single teacher has a much more varied and
laborious work to perform than the teachers in other
schools. But by her energy, seconded by the good
spirit and assistance of the pupils, the varied duties of
the school are successfully performed. Without the
restraint which may be necessary in a larger school, the
order is good, and great interest is manifested by the
pupils in their studies and recitations.
Yocal drill is now more generally attended to in the
Grammar Schools than heretofore. The recent meetings
of the teachers have given an impulse to this exercise, as
well as to others named below, and it is hoped that it
may receive that constant attention which its importance
Object-Teaching, which has been practised to a lim-
ited extent in some divisions, is also now receiving
attention from the teachers, and will be gradually intro-
'duced throughout all the schools. This system is so
useful and important a method of imparting knowledge
and developing the mental powers of children, that excel-
lent results may be anticipated from its general adoption,
if carried out with tact and enthusiasm.
Physical Exercises, which had also been pursued with
success in some divisions of the Grammar Schools, have
18 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
now been generally introduced. They afford a pleasant
relief from the constraint of the desk, and will be found
useful in promoting the health and physical and mental
activity of the pupils. While they should not be allowed
to trespass upon the other duties of school hours, they
should yet be attended to with regularity and with spirit
and force, in order to derive from them the benefit in-
tended. It is believed that a just mean is generally
adopted by the teachers, and the Committee have been
highly pleased with the exhibition of these exercises
which they have witnessed in some of the divisions.
Vocal music is successfully continued in the higher
divisions, under the instruction of Mr. Charles Butler.
This exercise is a pleasing one, and the pupils acquire a
knowledge of the elements of music, and some practical
power in singing, which many of them could not other-
wise obtain. The good influence of music, whether in the
school-room or in after life, it is hardlynecessary to assert.
Though the several schools above reported upon are
generally and heartily commended, it is neither conceded
by the Committee, nor claimed by the teachers, that
they have attained to such excellence that nothing more
is desired. There are faults and deficiencies which it is
the duty of the Committee to point out and remedy, if
possible, and the earnest teacher's ideal i"S never quite
attained. But while defects are acknowledged, and Com-
mittee and teachers co-operate to remove them, it is but
just, as it is encouraging, that what is praiseworthy
should be publicly commended.
SCHOOL REPORT. 19
The several buildings occupied by the Grammar
Schools are in the main well adapted to their purposes.
The interiors are comfortable, generally well arranged,
and in good condition, though there are improvements
which the Committee and teachers would be glad to see
adopted. The exteriors of some of them are commended
to the attention of the City Council as requiring some
care, as well for the sake of economy as appearance.
Some of the rooms are not so well ventilated as they
should be, and this matter, as well as the temperature,
appears not to be regulated by the teachers with the care
and caution which the health of the pupils demands. In
addition to a proper regulation of the registers and ven-
tilators, each school-room should be thoroughly ventilated
at recess, and care should be taken to guard against
draughts of cold air from open windows when the child-
ren are overheated. It is hoped that the suggestions of
the Committee will be carefully heeded by teachers, and
that there will in future be little cause for complaint.
For the Committee,
WM. A. CRAFTS, Chairman,
At the Annual Examination, which occurred in May,
this grade numbered forty-five schools. To equally dis-
tribute the labor imposed, they were divided into five
groups of nine schools each, which were examined and
reported upon by the five members of the Committee, in
order as follows : —
Mary F. Neal,
Anna M. Balch,
Elizabeth E. Backup,
Susan F. Rowe,
Emma C. Wales,
HuLDAH R. Clare,
Mary L. Walker,
Almira B. Russell.
Lizzie M. Wood,
EusTis Street, . , .
2 Yeoman Street,
Sumner Street, . .
2 MuNROE Street, .
A A L L E M .
The accommodation of these schools is comparatively
adequate, for that of the Munroe Street is not wholly oc-
cupied, and no one of the group is over-crowded. Yet the
22 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
buildings appropriated to their use are, with perhaps the
exception of that to the Munroe Street, unpretending in
architecture, and contain but few of the conveniences of
modern structures erected for this purpose. Their apart-
ments are generally small, ill- ventilated and cheerless.
Their sites are less than half the size of a proper play-
ground. These are enclosed by a high fence, and
encroached upon, as in Yeoman Street, by neighboring
dwellings and other private structures, to the obstruction
of the light and the exclusion of the sun. The accom-
modation of the Munroe Street, from its having been
provided since the wants of school apartments have be-
come more clearly defined, contains many of the modern
improvements of other and more pretending structures
of its kind. The building is high-studded and airy ;
its apartments are comparatively large, well ventilated
and warmed ; its site is eligible, and, from the sparse-
ness of settlements in its neighborhood, is sufficiently
removed from interruptions to the light and the sun.
The teachers of these schools are regarded as being
competent to discharge the duties of their respective
positions ; as possessed of kind hearts and cheerful
dispositions, unobjectionable manners and habits of
temper that may safely be patterned by their pupils.
They have had experience in their profession, which, if
wisely improved, has doubtless impressed them with
the importance of patience and forbearance in schools
of this grade ; has stimulated them to cultivate these,
cardinal virtues, and to practice them in their re-
SCHOOL REPORT. 23
spective schools, to an extent at least, necessary to
their successful management. It must have taught
them not to expect too much of young pupils, or to
allow themselves to be vexed at their failures and
blunders, even in presence of visitors or of members of
the Board. For the memory of such is unreliable, and
the perceptive and reasoning faculties are only partially
developed. These are consequently slow in their action,
and incapable of logical deductions or abstract conclu-
sions ; and to expect in them perfection, or even the
avoidance of stupid and egregious errors, is the height
The pupils of these schools were generally cleanly and
tidy in their appearance, cheerful and subordinate in
their bearing. They entered upon the exercises of the
examination with zeal, and, with individual exceptions,
acquitted themselves to the satisfaction of the examiner.
They, in his estimation, exhibited an average compre-
hension of the simple subjects discussed; appeared to
appreciate the idea contained in each exercise, and per-
formed their part of the examination in a spirit that not
only reflects credit upon themselves and their respective
teachers, but affords a guarantee of future progress equal
to the reasonable expectations of the Board. But from
the immaturity of their minds this progress must neces-
sarily be slow, for the measure of a pupil's ability to
advance in education, is the measure of his power of
absorption and appropriation. And the rapidity with
w^hich this power increases under tuition is often the
24 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
measure of the teacher's skill to so adapt her instruction
to the observation and imitation of her young pupils, as
to draw out and strengthen their unfolding mental
powers ; and not the measure of her ability to pour into
their half-dormant brain, crude, indigestible knowledge,
to the interruption and perversion of their otherwise
natural and harmonious development.
Mary A. Miers,
Sarah J. Davis,
Carrie T. Lewis,
Clara M. Adams,
Susannah L. Duran
Catherine F. Mayall,
Abby S. Oliver,
Henrietta M. Wood,
Mary A. Morse.
Mill Dam, . . .
Avon Place, . .
. 1 Vernon Street, . .
. 2 Centre Street, . .
The accommodation appropriated to two of the schools
of this group is unfit for the purpose. The building pro-
vided for the occupancy of the Mill Dam is located on an
open marsh remote from any public street ; has few pri-
vate settlements near it, and no adequate enclosure to
protect it from the North and West winds, which sweep
along the extensive valley between Cambridge, Brookline,
Roxbury and Boston. As a structure it is disproportioned,
SCHOOL REPORT. 25
antiquated and dilapidated, and destitute of common
conveniences, even to drop the windows or to otherwise
properly ventilate its apartments. The room in which
the school is held is small, low, damp, and repulsive
alike to teacher and pupils ; and for the Board to con-
tinue its occupancy, without giving expression to their
sense of its unfitness for the purpose, is to disregard
their convictions of duty. The premises should be dis-
posed of for some other purpose, and the long neglected
wants of that school supplied by the erection of a
suitable structure for its accommodation, on a convenient
and more eligible site. The building appropriated to
the occupancy of the Centre Street is, from being located
in the rear of a Steam Fire Engine House, which renders
it difficult of access and at times unsafe for the pupils,
obviously unadapted to school purposes. The accommo-
dation provided for the others of the group is respect-
able in character, and well supplies their individual
Many of the teachers have long been in the employ of
the Board, have had occasion to discover deficiencies
in their primary education, and abundant opportu-
nity to supply them by application and experience.
The others having more recently entered the profession,
have scarcely had time to test the adequacy of their
acquirements, or the adaptation of their powers to dis-
cipline and instruct children and youth. And yet so
successful have been their efforts with those committed
to their charge, that their respective schools aot only
26 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
escaped adverse criticism, but, in conjunction with
those of the more experienced, received the general
approbation and commendation of the examiner. He
especially mentions some of the more energetic and
aspiring of these teachers, as having manifested an
enterprise in familiarizing themselves with many of
the more important modern improvements in teaching
that is praiseworthy, and commendable, and it is con-
fidently hoped that others will imitate their example.
The schools of this group are located in the various
sections of the city, their pupils come from a wide range
of territory, and well represent the different casts of
society. Consequently, it would naturally be supposed
by the uninitiated, that insubordination is more liable to
prevail here than in other schools of this grade. And,
indeed, such a hypothesis would often be borne out by
fact, were the rude and ill-mannered here educated by
themselves. But seldom so when they are associated
with the well-bred and refined : for the observation of the
former is attracted by the winning and more excellent
ways of the latter ; their instincts teach them that their
coarseness places them at discount ; their wounded pride,
together with an innate desire to imitate what is above
them, stimulates them to abandon their own, and, in a
measure, to substitute the manners of the latter to their
own elevation, and a suppression of desire to subvert,
or otherwise interrupt, the quiet, orderly proceeding of
their respective schools. The examiner reports these
SCHOOL REPORT. 27
scliools as maintaining excellent discipline, and making
satisfactory progress in the elements of knowledge.
Mary L. Gore,
Anna E. Clark,
Sarah W. Holbrook,
Maria L. J. Perry,
Anna M. Stone,
Mary F. Drown,
Emily L. Wilson,
Elizabeth M. Hall.
Anna M. Eaton,
. 4 Edinboro"' Street, . .
Smith Street, ,
. 2 Francis Street, . .
The accommodation of these schools is obviously in-
adequate to their necessities, for a majority of them are
in an over-crowded state. The building appropriated to
the Smith Street is designed to accommodate about one
hundred and twenty pupils, and is the only accommo-
dation provided for that isolated district of the city,
which lies between the Boston and Providence Railroad
on the South and the outskirt-settlements to Brookline
on the North, Charles and Ward Streets on the East
and the Eastern slopes of Parker Hill to Prospect Street
on the West, and contains from two hundred and fifty to
three hundred children that claim, and have a right to
enjoy. Primary School privileges within its limits. But
under the present regime, from one hundred and seventy-
28 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
five to two hundred of these are "crammed" into this
two-roomed building, and the balance are sent beyond
the limits of their proper district to the Cottage Place,
crossing and recrossing the busy track of the Boston
and Providence Railroad each session, often at iminent
risk to life and limb.
Such has been the condition of this district for years,
and, although its necessities have annually been brought
to the notice of the City Council by our predecessors
of the Board, no further accommodation has been pro-
vided. Its wants manifestly require the erection of a
building appropriated to school purposes, on an eligible
site in the vicinity of Parker Street, containing at least
four — and if prospective wants are to be provided for,
as in other instances, we would say six — full-size rooms.
Such additional accommodation would supply its neces-
sities, and enable the Board to turn back the children
now crowding the apartments of the Cottage Place
to their own district, beyond the dangers of the
Railroad, where they desire, and ought to receive,
their primary education. The accommodation provided
for the remaining schools of the group is sufficient in
capacity, and all that their necessities require.
The teachers appear to be possessed of full average
natural, and evince no lack of acquired, ability for the
faithful discharge of the duties assumed. A majority of
them have long enjoyed a reputation for efficiency in
discipline and skill in imparting instruction; and, from
the spirit and tenor of the examiner's brief report, it is
SCHOOL REPORT. 29
evident that, during the examination, that reputation
was creditably sustained, for he makes no strictures, and
closes by saying, ''All these schools were found un-
exceptionably in a most excellent condition. Some
marked elements of progress are worthy of note."
But it will be borne in mind that comparatively few
pupils fail to accomplish what can be expected of the
books, while many, it is feared, leave the schools of this
grade in much ignorance of those higher and better
things which depend upon the character and example of
the teachers. What we do not accomplish has more to
do often with the want of forbearance and patience and
a wholly reliable character in the teachers employed,
than the want of excellence in the text-books, or the at-
tention and study of the pupils ; and the record of cor-
poral punishment, if it was kept as it should be in con-
formity with the rule fixed by the Board, would, it is
believed, prove the correctness of this statement.
A majority of the pupils in attendance on these schools
are of foreign extraction, and many of these come from
families in indigent circumstances or such as apparently
have no means of subsistence beyond the price of their
daily labor. And yet, notwithstanding their poverty and
the small pittance received for their labor ; the
present inflated prices of everything consumed and the
extent of their often numerous progeny, the parents of
these children — be it said to their deserved credit —
manage to continue them in school, tolerably well sup-
30 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
plied with books, comfortably clad, cleanly and tidy in
Cornelia J. Bills,
Mary E. Gardner,
Martha H. Horn,
Emily B. Eliot.
Franklin Place, .
Sudbury Street, .
The accommodation of the School in Orange Street is
unadapted to the purpose. The building appropriated to
its occupancy is antiquated and unsightly, and located
on an ungraded, dirty street; its site is less than a third
the size of a respectable play-ground; is enclosed by
a high, tight fence, and o^rshadowed on two sides and
in the rear by private dwellings, and in front by a carpet
manufactory. These combine to obstruct the light, shut
out the sun, and render its small, low, ill-ventilated
apartments dark and gloomy.
After the organization of the four schools in Cottage
Place, this school was discontinued and the building
handed over to the City Council ; but in consequence of
SCHOOL REPORT. 31
the delay to provide the necessary accommodation North
of the Boston and Providence Railroad, the surplus pupils
from the Smith Street so crowded the Cottage Place, that
the Board, for its temporary relief, again organized a
school in this once abandoned building. But whenever
the City Council shall furnish in that locality the accom-
modation asked for, so that the children coming from that
destitute district may be withdrawn from the Cottage
Place, the school now occupying this building will doubt-
less be permanently discontinued and merged in the
latter. The accommodation occupied by the remaining
schools of the group is ample in capacity, architecture
and play-ground, and answers well the purpose for which
it was provided.
Some of the teachers of these schools have had much
experience in their profession, which, if attended with
philosophical insight into the human mind, doubtless
has taught them something of the comparatively power-
less condition of the mental faculties of childhood
and youth ; has given them some practical idea of the
order of their development, and enabled them to determine
at different periods something of the progress of their
emerging from dormancy into activity ; has taught them
to infer something of the necessities of those of different
pupils at different periods of their pupilage, and to so
adapt instruction at all periods as to advance their
evolution and growth. It, doubtless, has taught them
something of the activity of the physical powers at this
period of life, and of the great amount of exercise requisite
32 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
to mature and control them; has taught them some-
thing of the excess of nervous energy engendered when
those acting voluntarily are long compelled to inactivity,
and to infer from the restlessness of the pupils the
necessity of the frequent introduction of some systematic
muscular movements — gymnastic or calisthenic — to pro-
mote its consumption, and relieve the economy of little
sufferers from its over-stimulating effects.
From the tenor of the examiner's report, it is evi-
dent that he formed a high opinion of the effectiveness of
the discipline maintained, and the skill displayed in im-
parting instruction by a large majority of these teachers,
for he says of their schools, " They were in all respects
found in excellent condition, and reflect much credit on
those having them in charge." But of the discipline
and skill exhibited by some others of the group, he evi-
dently formed a less favorable opinion, for, in speaking
of their schools, he says, " The order and scholarship
sadly need improving;" and implies that their pupils
were on the day of examination particularly uncleanly
and untidy in their appearance, and says, "For this
condition there is no excuse even in poverty itself."
Yet, since the report submitted at the close of the
Summer term by the same examiner gives them a more
hopeful and satisfactory character, it is apprehended that
the appearance which called forth adverse criticism may
be more temporary than habitual, more apparent than
real, . and possibly more indicative of indifference and
neglect on the part of the parents and guardians of the
SCHOOL REPORT. 33
pupils than of inability or want of fidelity on that of the
teachers. Indeed, it is feared that comparatively few
parents have learned to value these nurseries of edu-
cation in their true light ; have brought themselves
to feel that they are the common inheritance of the
children of every citizen of community, or have come
to realize their own individual responsibility in their suc-
cess or failure to lay the foundation of usefulness in their
respective pupils. It is also feared that comparatively
few of them have duly considered the relation which
these schools sustain to those of the higher grades in our
midst ; have carefully estimated the vast numbers of the
rising generation of our city that begin and end their
tuition here, or have accustomed themselves to watch
over their well-being with the same zealous care and wise
forethought that they are wont to bestow upon other and
often lesser interests of their offspring.
Mart C. Bartlett, Fannie H. C. Bradley,
Susan H. Blaisdell, Frances N. Brooks,
Mary M. Sherwin, Eliza J. Goss,
Clara L. Davis, Jennie B. Lawrence.
Annie E. Boynton,
Elm Street, . . .
. 4 Winthrop Street,
. 2 Heath Street, . .
It may with truthfulness be said that the accommo-
34 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
dation of these schools is good, although the building
occupied by the Elm Street is not a little antiquated
and dilapidated in its general appearance. As an
edifice it contrasts unfavorably with the elegant private
residences around it ; reflects little credit on the neigh-
borhood in which it is located, and, from having been
erected before modem improvements in structures of
its kind were devised, is unfortunately destitute of
most of them, and, like many others built at that time,
contains small, low-studded and ill- ventilated apart-
ments. The buildings occupied by the remaining schools
of this group are in every way satisfactory, and all that
their respective neighborhoods require. That appro-
priated to the occupancy of the George Street is an
imposing structure, and a standing monument to the
City Council that erected it. That provided for the
accommodation of the Heath Street contains one vacant
apartment, whose occupancy during the coming autumn
will doubtless be required for the relief of the crowded
condition of that school.
In the estimation of the examiner, most of the
teachers of the schools of this group are adapted to
their profession ; possess the requisite acquired ability ;
comprehend the character of the duties it imposes, and
find pleasure in performing them to the extent of their
powers. Yet they appear to meet with various degrees
of success, which in some instances may be attributable
to imperfect rudimentary education, but more generally,
the writer apprehends, to peculiarities of physical organ-
SCHOOL REPORT. 35
ization. Those who are placed at discount in conse-
quence of deficient early mental training, may, by appli-
cation and experience, overcome the obstacle, and, if
possessed of the requisite natural qualifications, rise to an
enviable position in their profession. But teachers
laboring under idiosyncrasies or marked constitutional
defects, seldom or never overcome them ; and, if these
approach in character to a feeling of disrelish even for
the common routine duties of the school-room, or to a
decided dislike for, or want of sympathy with the ejQforts
of children and youth, the sooner they abandon
the idea of making teaching a profession, the better it
will doubtless be for themselves and all others concerned.
Teaching is so much of a trade that even the dull and
commonplace may seem to achieve some degree of success
in the profession. But it must be conceded that the ability
to awaken the latent energies of the pupil ; to stim-
ulate to their utmost capacity his slowly evolving
faculties ; to inspire him with a noble enthusiasm, and
impress him with a deep, abiding sense of his duty
to qualify himself in youth for the emergencies of life,
is a gift, and one that is not bestowed in equal degrees
by the Creator. Therefore, the idea that all teachers
can bring their respective schools to a specific standard
of excellence, is preposterous, and only needs to be
mentioned to make its absurdity apparent.
The pupils in some of these schools manifested a
degree of intelligence and power of abstraction that
pleased the examiner. Their zeal in describing tangible
36 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
objects and living "beings referred to in fheir reading
lessons partook largely of enthusiasm, and is an earnest
of their future development and progress. In all these
schools, says the examiner, "The pupils were tidy in
their appearance, respectful in their bearing, and ap-
parently contented and happy in their relation." He
particularly mentions the George Street and the Winthrop,
and Number One of the Elm Street, as being under ex-
cellent discipline, and closely approaching a standard of
excellence that will characterize them as model schools ;
and suggests that they may each be visited with profit
and pleasure by teachers of Primary Schools generally.
It would be gratifying to see their efficient dis-
cipline, their commendable spirit of enterprise and
zealous bearing, copied into many other schools of this
grade in the city. But it is feared that in too many
instances where its absence prevails and dull monotony
supplies its place, the power to awaken or maintain a
similar mental state in their pupils does not reside in the
teachers in charge. And therefore such a desirable change
can scarcely be expected to transpire, for, in the estimation
of the writer, it is as rare a thing to see the enthusiasm
or even zeal of a school rise above that felt and displayed
by the teacher, as it is to see a stream rise above its
fountain. Hence the wisdom of selecting teachers for
their known natural as well as acquired fitness for the
position, without favoritism, charity, or regard to place
of birth, residence, education or experience.
SCHOOL REPORT. 37
In accordance with establislied custom, tlie schools of
this grade have, during the year, been four times more
or less thoroughly examined, the results written out, sub-
mitted to the Board, and filed in the archives. The
reported results of those made in February and July are
usually submitted by the respective local committees,
and those in May and November by a special committee,
designated the Committee on Primary Schools. That
made in May is designed to be the most thorough of the
year ; is from custom called the Annual Examination,
and its reported results are usually made the basis of the
Annual Report to the citizens. The writer, in making
up the body of this Report, has endeavored to conform to
this general custom, and therefore its main features have
been derived from facts, incidents and inferences chiefly
drawn from that source.
But by examining the various reports of these schools
submitted during the year, he learns that this grade,
at the commencement of our term of office, numbered
forty-three schools, and that this number has been in-
creased by the addition of four new organizations ; that
of these, two were made for the relief of the Sudbury
Street at the commencement of the Spring term, and
at the time the school in Tremont Street was trans-
ferred from the basement of a private dwelling, to the
joint occupancy with them of the new and cojnmodious
building in Franklin Place ; that one was made for the
relief of the Cottage Place during the latter part of the
Summer term in a private dwelling in Tremont Street,
38 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
properly remodeled and fitted up by the owner, and
leased by the city for its accommodation ; that the re-
maining one was made for the relief of the Heath Street
during the early part of the Fall term in the unoccupied
apartment of the building appropriated to that school, and
that for the performance of a portion of the extra labor
imposed upon the teachers of the Smith Street, in conse-
quence of its overcrowded condition, an additional teacher
was associated with the regular incumbents about the
middle of the Summer term, and as no further accommo-
dation has been provided by the City Council for the re-
lief of this school, the same arrangement is continued.
He also learns that few resignations have been ten-
dered by the teachers of these schools during the year ;
that appointments to vacancies and to new organiza-
tions have chiefly been made from inexperienced resi-
dent graduates of our High School ; that the teachers
were, during the Fall term, twice called together by the
Board for the purpose of exciting a greater interest in,
and establishing a more uniform and practical method of
conducting Vocal Drill, Vocal Music, Object-Teaching
and Physical Exercises in the schools of the City ; that
these meetings were well attended by the teachers, and
have been instrumental in giving a zeal to the teaching
of most of them that is perceptible in every department
of their respective schools.
And now, notwithstanding the somewhat unusual
length and minuteness of this report, your Committee,
in conclusion, desire to state, for information of their
SCHOOL REPORT. 39
associates and fellow-citizens, that the past year — though
not characterized by any marked enterprise calculated to
advance the cause of education in our city — has been a
year of full average prosperity to the schools of this
grade. Yet they, from knowledge of the many em-
barrassing circumstances under which some of them go
into operation, cannot wholly divest themselves of the
conviction that they — though evidently accomplishing
much good to the children and youth of the city — are
far from accomplishing all they ought and might accom-
plish for them. They are constrained to believe that that
boundless stream of beneficent influence which should
ever issue from them, is often circumscribed and inter-
rupted by unfavorable conditions incident to their or-
ganization, to the character of the attendance of the
pupils and the parental interest felt in the education of
But a consciousness that the labors of the year have
been crowned even with average success to this highly
important grade of schools, is gratifying to your Com-
mittee, and can scarcely fail to inspire the parents
and guardians of the children and youth composing
them with sentiments of gratitude to the Supreme
Dispenser of events, and to excite in them a higher
appreciation of the privileges they afford, and a more
hearty co-operation with future Boards in their efforts to
increase their efficiency and usefulness.
For the Committee on Primary Schools,
T. RIKER NUTE, Chairman.
SCHOOLS FOR 1864,
EXDING DECEMBER 3 1,
The whole number of Teachers is 91.
The whole number of Pupils in all the Schools is 4619,
being an increase of 232 over last year. Average attendance
in all the Schools 4160, or 90 per cent.
The cost of maintaining our Public Schools the past year
was $55,447.20, being an increase of $8412,28 over last year,
owing to the extra cost of fuel and the advance of teachers'
salaries, averaging $12.00 per scholar.
The number of Scholars at the High School is 155, with
There are five Grammar Schools. The number of Pupils
belonging to the Grammar Schools is 1841, an increase over
last year of 69. Number of Divisions 36, average number to
each Division 51. Number of Grammar School Teachers, 40.
The number of Primary Schools is 47, an increase over last
year of four. The number of Pupils belonging to these
Schools is 2623, an average to each School of 58 pupils. In-
crease of Primary Scholars over last year, 152.
The salaries of Teachers have been advanced during the
year. Female Teachers increased $50 each. Principals of
Schools 20 per cent.
CITY DOCUMENT.—No. 7.
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ELECTED AT LARGE.
GE ORGE PUTNAM, FRANKLIN WILLIAMS,
WILLIAM A. CRAFTS.
Ward 1.— Horatio G. Morse,
" 2. — Ira Allen",
« 3. — Timothy R. Nute,
" 4. — John W. Olmstead,
" 5.— Edwin Ray,
elected by wards.
George J. Arnold.
J. Warren Tuck.
George M. Hobbs.
Alfred P. Putnam.*
* Eesigned, and Henry B, Metcalf elected.
elected at large.
WILLIAM A. CRAFTS, HORATIO G. MORSE,
JULIUS S. SHAILER.
elected by wards.
Ward 1. — ^Franklin Williams,
" 2. — Ira Allen,
" 3. — Timothy R. Nute,
" 4. — John W. Olmstead,
" 5.— Edwin Ray,
John G. Bartholomew.
J. Warren Tuck.
George M. Hobbs.
NAMES (jI members OE THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE,
SINCE THE ADOPTION OF THE CITY CHARTER IN 1846,
[Those elected for the ensuing year included.]
George Putnam, 1S46, 48, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63,
Cyrus H. Fay, 1846, 48.
* Samuel H. Walley, Jr., 1846, 48.
George R. Russell, 1847.
Thomas F. Caldicott, 1847.
George W. Bond, 1847.
John Way land, 1849, 50, 61.
William E. Alger, 1849, 50, 56.
William Hague, 1849, 50.
Theodore Dunn, 1851.
Thomas D. Anderson, 1851.
Horatio G. Morse, 1852, 53, 54, 65.
William H. Ryder, 1852, 53, 54, 57, 58.
William A. Crafts, 1852, 53, 54, 59, 60, 64, 65,
Bradford K. Peirce, 1855.
Joseph H. Streeter, 1855.
John S. Flint, 1855.
Julius S. Shailer, 1856, 57, 58, 65....
Arial I. Cummings, 1859, 61.
Edwin Ray, 1860.
William S. King, 1861.
John S. Sleeper, 1862, 63.
Franklin Williams, 1862, 63, 64,
* The junior dropped in 1850,
48 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
Allen Putnam, 1846.
Henry B, Wheelwright, 1846, 47.
Horatio G. Morse, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64.
William R. Alger, 1848, 52.
Bradford K. Peirce, 1849, 50, 51, 52.
John Jones, 1853, 54.
Joseph Bugbee, 1853, 54.
Henry W. Parley, 1855, 56, 57,
Pranklin Williams, 1858, 59, 60, 65.
George W. Adams, 1861, 62, 63.
William H. Hutchinson, 1863.
George J, Arnold, 1864.
John G. Bartholomew, 1865.
Thomas P. Caldicott, 1846.
Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61
Alfred Williams, 1847, 48.
Ira Allen, 1849, 50, 51, 52, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. .
Arial I. Cummings, 1853.
Charles Marsh, 1854, 55.
J. Warren Tuck, 1864, 65.
Charles K. Dillaway, 1846, 47.
Francis Hilliard, 1846, 48, 49.
Theodore Otis, 1847.
Julius S, Shailer, 1848, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54.
William Gaston, 1849, 50, 51.
Timothy R. Nute, 1852, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65.
Joseph H, Streeter, 1853, 54.
William H. Ryder, 1855.
Benjamin Mann, 1855.
Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57, 58, 62.
William A. Crafts, 1856.
Richard Garvey, 1859.
*John D. McGiU, 1860, 61, 62.
George M. Hobbs, 1863, 64, 65.
* Kesig-ned in 1862, and William A. Crafts elected.
SCHOOL REPORT. 49
Benjamin E. Cotting, 1846, 47, 49.
David Green, 1846, 47, 48.
Henry 13artlett, 1848.
Henry W, Fuller, 1849, 50, 61.
John S. Flint, 1850, 51, 52.
John Wayland, 1852, 53, 54, 55.
Theodore Otis, 1853.
*John W. Olmstead, 1854, 56, 58, 59, 60, Gl, 62, 63, 64, 65.
James Waldock, 1855, 56.
Joseph N. Brewer, 1857, 58, 59.
Jonathan P. Robinson, 1857.
Jeremiah Plympton, 1860, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65.
Augustus C. Thompson, 1846.
Daniel Leach, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 60, 5i, 52, 53, 54, 55.
Samuel Walker, 1847, 66.
John H. Purkett, 1848.
Charles F. Foster, 1849, 50, 51, 62.
Bradford K. Peirce, 1853, 54.
Edwin Ray, 1855, 57, 58, 69, 63, 64, 65.
Theodore Otis, 1856.
fAlfred P. Putnam, 1857, 61, 62, 64.
Robert P. Anderson, 1858, 59.
+ Sylvester Bliss, 1860, 61, 62, 63.
William S. King, 1860.
Moody Merrill, 1865.
George W. Bond, 1S46.
Edward Turner, 1846.
Edmund F. Slafter, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51.
Dan. S. Smalley, 1847.
George Faulkner, 1848,
Edward D. Boit, 1849, 50, 51.
* Kesigned in 1856, and Joseph N. Brewer elected-
t Resigned in 1862, and Edwin Bay elected ; also in 1864, aad Henry B. MetcaEf elected.
J Deceased in 1853, and Henry B. Metealf cliosen to fill vacancy.
§ Wards 6, 7 and 8, with parts of Wards 4 and 5, were set off and incorporated, by Act of
the Legislature, May 24, 1851, under the name of the Town of West Koxbury.
50 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7.
John O. Choules, 1846, 47.
Joseph H. Allen, 1846.
Theodore Dunn, 1847, 48, 49, 50.
Grindell Reynolds, 1848, 49, 50, 51.
Stephen M. Allen, 1851.
Theodore Parker, 1846.
George E,. Russell, 1846.
Dexter Clapp, 1847, 48, 50, 51.
Matthews W. Green, 1847.
Abijah W. Draper, 1848, 49.
Joseph H. Billings, 1849.
Cornelius Cowing, 1850, 51.
Chaf-les K. Dillaway, 1840, 47.
George Putnam, 1848, 64.
Daniel Leach, 1849, 50, 51.
Julius S. Shailer, 1852, 53.
John Way land, 1854.
Bradford K. Peirce, 1855.
*William H. Ryder, 1856, 57, 58.
Horatio G. Morse, 1859, 60, 61, 62.
John W. Olmstead, 1863.
tJoshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 62, 53, 64, 55, 58, 69, 60, 61, 62
Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57.
Franklin Williams, 1864.
* Kesig'ned in 1858, and Horatio G. Morse elected Chairman ad interim.
f Deceased in 18G3, and Franklin Williams chosen to fill vacancy.
BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY
3 9999 06660 794 4
CITY OF IBOSTOlSr
One volume can be taken at a time from ihe
Lower Hall, and cue from the Bates Ilall.
Books can be kept out 14: days.
A line of 2 cents for each volume vvill be
incurred for each day a book is detained more
than 14 days.
Any book detained more than a week be-
3'ond the time limited, will be sent for at the
expense of the delinquent.
IS'^o book is to be lemj out of the household
of the borrower.
The Library hours for the delivery and re-
tui-n of books are from 10 o'clock, A. IM., to
8 o'clock, r. i\I., in the Lower Hall ; and from
10 o'clock, A. IM., imtil one half hour before
sunset in the Bates Hall.
Every book must, under penalty of one dol-
lar, be returned to the Library at such time
in August as shall be publicly announced.
The card must be presented whenever a
book is returned. For renewing a book the
card must be presented, together Avith the
book, or with the shelf-numbers of the book.