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City Document. — JVo. 7. 



€ii^ si "^.uhnxi^r 

YEAR 1864. 



18 64. 

Cit]) of |lo^&ttrs. 

In School Committee, April 22d, 1864. 

The Chairman appointed the following members as the Annual Exam- 
ining Committee, viz. : 

High and Grammar Schools, — Messrs. A. P. Putnam, Crafts, Plympton, 
MoE,sE, HoBBs, Williams and Arnold. 

Primary Schools, — Messrs. Nute, Ray, Allen, Olmstead and Tuck.. 

December 7th, 

Mr. Crafts submitted the Annual Keport of the High and Grammar 

Mr. Nute submitted the Annual Report of the Primary Schools. 

Which were accepted. It was then 

Ordered, That the several Reports be committed to Messrs. Putnam, 
Crafts, Nute and Williams, to revise, and cause to be printed the usual 
number of copies, to be distributed to the citizens of this City as the An- 
nual Report of the School Committee. 



The School Committee herewith submit as their Re- 
port to the people of the City, the Reports of the Exam- 
ining Committees of the Board. It is believed that 
these two Reports furnish all the information on the 
condition of the Schools that would be interesting to the 
citizens, and those suggestions of improvement that are 
most worthy of their consideration. 

For the School Committee. 

GEO. PUTNAM, Chairman. 
Roxbury, Dec. 7, 1864. 




Under the regulations of the School Committee, the 
annual examination of the Public Schools is made at 
the close of the Spring term, in May. The Committees 
appointed for that examination have, for several years 
past, made the quarterly examination in November also, 
and upon the reports of these two examinations the 
Annual Report is chiefly based. During the past year, 
the same Committee has made the annual and the two 
succeeding quarterly examinations of the High and 
Grammar Schools, and upon all these the present Report 
is submitted. 

The Examining Committee was composed of the fol- 
lowing named members : — Messrs. A. P. Putnam, 
Crafts, Plympton, Morse, Hobbs, Williams, and Arnold. 
Mr. Putnam having resigned his position on the Com- 
mittee, in consequence of his removal to another State, 
Mr. Metcalf, who was elected to fill the vacancy in the 


Board, was added to the Examining Committee, q,nd the 
undersigned was appointed Chairman. 


Was found by the several examinations to be in a highly 
satisfactory condition. Under its corps of accomplished, 
devoted and efficient teachers, it is believed to be making 
excellent progress and constant improvement, and it is 
an institution in wdiich the citizens of Koxbury may feel 
an increasing interest and a just pride. During the 
year, a change has been made in the corps of teachers. 
Miss Eunice T. Plumer, who had had charge of the 
second class for nearly two years, resigned her situation 
at the close of the summer term, and Miss Maria L. 
TiNCKER was elected to fill the vacancy. Miss Plumer 
was a lady of rare scholarly attainments and undoubted 
ability as a teacher, but notwithstanding her earnest and 
devoted efforts, she did not meet with the success which 
her own ideal and the welfare of the school required, and 
she accordingly resigned. Her successor. Miss Tincker, 
had already established a high reputation with the Com- 
mittee as Assistant in the Dearborn School, and during 
the term in which she has been in her present position, 
has maintained that reputation and proved an acquisition 
to the School. 

In August, the Committee authorized the employment 
of a French teacher, with the view of affording better 
instruction in speaking the language. Under this vote. 


an accomplislied French lady, Madame de Maltchyce, 
who was educated as a teacher, and is most highly recom- 
mended, has been engaged since the commencement of 
the new school year in giving instruction in pronuncia- 
tion and conversational French to each of the classes. 
The method adopted, combining the efforts of the French 
instructor and of the regular teachers, is meeting with 
success, and it is believed will accomplish excellent 
results in this branch. The advantage thus afforded of 
obtaining an unusually perfect knowledge of the French 
language, adds not a little to the superiority of the 
School, and will be appreciated b^ parents who desire 
that their children may receive a respectable High 
School education. 

Of the other teachers, Mr. Weston, Miss Gushing and 
Miss Gragg, whose reputations as accomplished and 
devoted teachers have already been established in their 
respective positions, it is only necessary to say that they 
are meeting with equal, if not greater, success than 
heretofore ; manifesting no less zeal and enthusiasm in 
their calling, profiting, as all good teachers do, by their 
experience, and ceasing not to labor for their own im- 
provement that they may benefit their pupils. 

The number of pupils continuing after the completion 
of the regular course of three years, is much larger this 
•year than heretofore. A part of these are reviewing the 
elementary studies, with the view of preparing themselves 
for teachers, and others are pursuing advance studies. 
The additional advantages offered by this fourth year 


class, will furnish us with some excellent teachers, and 
are highly appreciated by those who enjoy them and by 
their parents. 

The several examinations, as well as the occasional 
visits of the Committee, showed the order and discipline 
of the School to be worthy of commendation. An excel- 
lent spirit seems to pervade the classes, and under the 
firm but kindly rule of the teachers, order is at all times 
maintained without apparent effort, and the deportment 
of the pupils is generally gentlemanly and ladylike. 
The success of the School in this particular, in which it 
is sometimes, with reason, feared that a mixed school of 
this grade may fail, is firmly established. 

In the various studies pursued, from Arithmetic and 
Grammar to the higher Mathematics, Physical Science, 
the Constitution of the United States and Languages, the 
examiners have reported that good progress is made, and 
that the examinations were satisfactory and in some 
branches worthy of special praise. The methods of 
instruction, as shown by the conduct of the exercises and 
the proficiency of the pupils, are also commended, as 
being calculated to secure a thorough knowledge of the 
subjects under consideration and the investigation of 
principles. Upon this point, the examiner (Dr. Arnold), 
in his report upon the recent examination, says : — 
' ' Without apparent effort, the minds of the class are 
concentrated upon some principle, and there held until it, 
in all its parts and with all its bearings, is thoroughly 
comprehended. The essential principle of ' Object- 


teaching ' is here made manifest. The pupil's mind is 
brought out, is made to unfokl itself, its powers of 
observation enlarged and strengthened, and he is de- 
veloped into a thinking, reasoning student." And he 
concludes his report as follows : — "A noticeable feature 
in the School, taken as a whole, is the manner of 
presenting subjects before the class. This is done in 
such a way that principles are made clear and promi- 
nent. The mind of the pupil readily grasps them, and 
a practical application is immediately made. Abstruse 
principles are reached by so easy and natural a consider- 
ation of simpler ones, that even the dullest are able to 
comprehend. Principles are essentially taught. A 
process of reasoning is made upon this basis, which is 
the foundation of every good education." 

At the examination at the close of the summer term, 
which is also the close of the school year, on the last 
day, at the suggestion of the examiner, the School was 
opened to the public, and in each division exercises in 
the several studies pursued were assigned for certain 
hours during the session. The number of visitors was 
not large, no sufficient notice of the examination having 
been given. But the exercises apparently gave great 
satisfaction to those present, and afforded a fair idea of 
the working of the School, no special preparation having 
been made for the occasion. It is believed that such 
a public examination at the close of the year would 
promote the best interests of the School, and would the 


better make known to the people of the city its real 
excellence and value. 

On this occasion, the lower school-room was orna- 
mented with spirited and well executed drawings upon 
the blackboards by the pupils, and more elaborate and 
finer specimens in pencil, all of which did credit to the 
young artists and their instructor, and some of which 
were of great merit. In the higher classes, were 
exhibited very creditable specimens of drawing real 
objects and sketches from nature, which, while less 
attractive, perhaps, than the copies of patterns, gave 
evidence of the excellent method of instruction in this 
branch, which aims to develop a skilful use of the pencil 
upon a knowledge of the scientific principles of the art. 
The success which has attended the patient and well 
directed efforts of the teacher, Mr. Nutting, entitles him 
to the acknowledgments of the Committee, and establishes 
the value of the instruction in this branch. 

During the year, military drill for the boys and 
calisthenics for the girls (upon Dr. Dio Lewis's plan) 
have been among the regular exercises of the School. 
Under the instruction of their commander, a member of 
the School, the boys have become proficient in the 
manual of arms and in company movements. The drill is 
in all respects a success, and with proper equipments 
these lads would* make a military appearance creditable 
to similar organizations of their elders. It is found that 
the discipline under which they are placed in this 
exercise exerts a beneficial influence, and combining 


liealthfulness with this, it needs no further argument to 
obtain for it the approval of the public. The calisthenic 
or gymnastic exercises of the girls are also made a 
regular duty of the School, and afford a healthful 
training of the limbs, as well as an agreeable amuse- 
ment. Of the excellence of this system and its bene- 
ficial results, both to body and mind, there can be no 
doubt. The zeal and interest with which the exercise 
is now attended to should not be suffered to abate. 


The examinations of the Grammar Schools have shown 
them to be in a generally satisfactory condition, and the 
teachers to be laboring earnestly and successfully in 
their various duties. The schools are full, and some of 
the lower divisions are crowded, but not yet to an extent 
to seriously interfere with their progress. The necessity 
of admitting a large number from the Primary School's 
every six months, and the impossibility of promoting 
from one division to a higher with equal rapidity, causes 
the excess in the lower divisions. A higher standard for 
admission would undoubtedl}^ promote the interests of 
the Grammar Schools, though it might render necessary 
a greater increase of Primary School accommodations. 

The Dudley School (for girls) is reported as being in 
excellent condition. The accomplished Principal, Miss 
Baker, maintains the high rank for this School which it 
has heretofore enjoyed, and continues to send to the 

12 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

High School some of the most thoroughly prepared 
candidates for admission. Her efforts are ably seconded 
by her assistant and the other teachers, and the methods 
of instruction and spirit which prevail in the first division 
appear to be infused into the whole School. In many of 
the exercises there was a general excellence, which 
showed faithful and persistent labor on the part of the 
teachers, and attention and industry on the part of most 
of the pupils, rather than a brilliant proficiency in a 
few. In the upper divisions, especially, thoroughness 
seemed to be the purpose of the teachers and gave char- 
acter to the recitations. It is not necessary to give in 
detail the results of the examination, but among the 
exercises in the several divisions which gave most 
satisfaction to the examiner, were Reading, which was 
intelligent and natural in tone and manner, Arithmetic, 
which gave evidence of patient training, Geography and 
Grammar. These, of course, were not equally good in 
all the divisions, but in one or another each of these 
exercises was worthy of commendation. There were 
also some very good compositions upon subjects assigned 
with a just and considerate estimate of the ability of 
^-qhildren to express their own ideas. The examiner was 
glad to observe that the too frequent error of assigning 
subjects w^hich only mature minds and practised writers 
can treat was generally avoided. The penmanship of 
many of the pupils was also worthy of commendation. 
The deportment of the pupils was excellent; the dis- 
cipline, though firm, is gentle, and the relations between 


teachers and pupils appear to be pleasant and sympa 
thetic. The attendance and punctuality of the scholars 
have been more than usually satisfactory. 

The Washington School (for boys) appears to have 
maintained its established character, and the examina- 
tions showed that the pupils are making good progress, 
and that the teachers feel conscious that their classes are 
improving. The second, fourth, fifth and sixth divisions 
received the special commendations of the examiner at 
each of the last three examinations, and these repeated 
favorable judgments indicate that in this portion of the 
school the teachers are laboring with gratifying success. 
In the other two divisions, also, good progress has been 
made, and some of the exercises gave great satisfaction. 
In the third division, a new and comparatively inexpe- 
rienced teacher, who succeeded Miss Mansfield, for 
many years a highly valued and most successful instruc- 
tor, has labored under some disadvantage, but her 
determined efforts and increasing experience have given 
her good success, and will, without doubt, soon secure as 
favorable a judgment as the lower divisions. The first 
division, under the charge of the Principal, Mr. 
Kneeland, and his assistant, is also highly commended 
for proficiency in the studies pursued ; but while making 
favorable mention of it, the examiner (Mr. Williams) 
remarks: — "We are of opinion, however, that in the 
first divisions of our Grammar Schools, for boys es- 
pecially, some change in the studies is desirable. Too 

14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

much reference is had to qualifying the scholars for the 
High School, and every energy is bent to secure favora- 
ble results in that direction. But in view of the fact 
that many boys do not go to the High School at all, and 
that many of those who go do not remain three years, no 
effort should be spared to give scholars in the Grammar 
Schools such an education as will qualify them to trans- 
act the ordinary affairs of life." 

Penmanship appears to be faithfully attended to in 
this school, and the copy books of the pupils received 
the commendation of the examiner. With some abate- 
ment in the first division, which was, perhaps, a tempo- 
rary exception, the order of the school was praiseworthy, 
and the deportment of the pupils good. 

The Dearborn School (for girls and boys), numbering 
upwards of five hundred scholars, has during the year 
been highly successful, and throughout its numerous 
divisions has maintained the standard of excellence which 
it had previously established. The examiners expressed 
themselves as highly pleased with the exercises in most 
respects, and found little upon which to offer adverse 
criticism. The prompt and correct recitations evinced 
careful and continuous drilling on the part of the teach- 
ers, and interest and attentive study on the part of the 
pupils. A faithful, conscientious and earnest devotion 
to duty would seem to be characteristic of the teachers 
here, who partake of the spirit of the Principal, and 
work "harmoniously with him for the best interests of the 


school. The natural result is a responsive interest and 
life among the pupils, and their consequent progress. 
The exercises which received the special commendation 
of the examiners were those in Grammar and Geography, 
in the former of which one of the examiners expressed 
great gratification at the manner in which a usually dry 
and uninteresting study excited an animated and lively 
interest in the classes. Teachers of ability, who love 
their calling and possess tact and a kindly sympathy with 
their pupils, can accomplish such results, and make the 
dryest text-books interesting. Such we have in the 
Dearborn School, as in others, and such only it should 
be the aim of the Committee to employ. 

As in the studies, the general appearance of the School 
and its government, the order, deportment and relations 
between teachers and pupils, have given satisfaction, and 
it is believed that the working of the school, while ad- 
vantageous to the children, must be generally pleasing to 
their parents. 

The CoMiNS School (for boys and girls) is also a large 
school, numbering about six hundred scholars. Although 
this school has some difficulties to contend with which 
are not felt to so great an extent in the other Grammar 
Schools, it is reported as being, on the whole, in a satis- 
factory condition. The Principal evidently labors earn- 
estly to secure progress throughout the school, and the 
other teachers second his efforts for the most part with 
success. By a printed schedule the work for each 

16 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

division is assigned with precision, and the teachers are 
expected to accomplish it. Certain progress is thus ob- 
tained, and the extent of the study required is not so 
great but that thoroughness as well as progress may also 
be secured. This precise arrangement of studies appears 
to be advantageous in so large a school, and renders the 
progress of the classes promoted from one division to 
another more uniform. If apportioned with care, and 
carried out efficiently, such an arrangement must work 
well in practice, and as this is based on the experience 
of several years, and it is the aim of the Principal to carry 
out its requirements, it is believed that it will prove 

The several examinations showed that most of the 
divisions were in good condition, and some were of su- 
perior merit. The discipline of the school was generally 
such as to maintain order without painful effort, and the 
methods of instruction were such as to awaken an inter- 
est in study and an animation in recitation. One or two 
changes have taken place in the corps of teachers, which, 
as is frequently the case, were at first not conducive to 
the advancement of the divisions where they occurred, 
but which promise in the end to be no disadvantage. 
On the whole, the Comins School maintains a creditable 
position, and the spirit of the Principal and his assistants 
promises continued improvement. 

The Francis Street Grammar School, though small, 
has usually been found an interesting one for the Com- 


mittee to examine. The reports for tlie past year show 
that it maintains its character in that respect, and is by 
no means deficient in progress and improvement. Not 
having the advantages of grading possessed by large 
schools, the single teacher has a much more varied and 
laborious work to perform than the teachers in other 
schools. But by her energy, seconded by the good 
spirit and assistance of the pupils, the varied duties of 
the school are successfully performed. Without the 
restraint which may be necessary in a larger school, the 
order is good, and great interest is manifested by the 
pupils in their studies and recitations. 

Yocal drill is now more generally attended to in the 
Grammar Schools than heretofore. The recent meetings 
of the teachers have given an impulse to this exercise, as 
well as to others named below, and it is hoped that it 
may receive that constant attention which its importance 

Object-Teaching, which has been practised to a lim- 
ited extent in some divisions, is also now receiving 
attention from the teachers, and will be gradually intro- 
'duced throughout all the schools. This system is so 
useful and important a method of imparting knowledge 
and developing the mental powers of children, that excel- 
lent results may be anticipated from its general adoption, 
if carried out with tact and enthusiasm. 

Physical Exercises, which had also been pursued with 
success in some divisions of the Grammar Schools, have 

18 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

now been generally introduced. They afford a pleasant 
relief from the constraint of the desk, and will be found 
useful in promoting the health and physical and mental 
activity of the pupils. While they should not be allowed 
to trespass upon the other duties of school hours, they 
should yet be attended to with regularity and with spirit 
and force, in order to derive from them the benefit in- 
tended. It is believed that a just mean is generally 
adopted by the teachers, and the Committee have been 
highly pleased with the exhibition of these exercises 
which they have witnessed in some of the divisions. 

Vocal music is successfully continued in the higher 
divisions, under the instruction of Mr. Charles Butler. 
This exercise is a pleasing one, and the pupils acquire a 
knowledge of the elements of music, and some practical 
power in singing, which many of them could not other- 
wise obtain. The good influence of music, whether in the 
school-room or in after life, it is hardlynecessary to assert. 

Though the several schools above reported upon are 
generally and heartily commended, it is neither conceded 
by the Committee, nor claimed by the teachers, that 
they have attained to such excellence that nothing more 
is desired. There are faults and deficiencies which it is 
the duty of the Committee to point out and remedy, if 
possible, and the earnest teacher's ideal i"S never quite 
attained. But while defects are acknowledged, and Com- 
mittee and teachers co-operate to remove them, it is but 
just, as it is encouraging, that what is praiseworthy 
should be publicly commended. 


The several buildings occupied by the Grammar 
Schools are in the main well adapted to their purposes. 
The interiors are comfortable, generally well arranged, 
and in good condition, though there are improvements 
which the Committee and teachers would be glad to see 
adopted. The exteriors of some of them are commended 
to the attention of the City Council as requiring some 
care, as well for the sake of economy as appearance. 
Some of the rooms are not so well ventilated as they 
should be, and this matter, as well as the temperature, 
appears not to be regulated by the teachers with the care 
and caution which the health of the pupils demands. In 
addition to a proper regulation of the registers and ven- 
tilators, each school-room should be thoroughly ventilated 
at recess, and care should be taken to guard against 
draughts of cold air from open windows when the child- 
ren are overheated. It is hoped that the suggestions of 
the Committee will be carefully heeded by teachers, and 
that there will in future be little cause for complaint. 

For the Committee, 

WM. A. CRAFTS, Chairman, 




At the Annual Examination, which occurred in May, 
this grade numbered forty-five schools. To equally dis- 
tribute the labor imposed, they were divided into five 
groups of nine schools each, which were examined and 
reported upon by the five members of the Committee, in 
order as follows : — 



Mary F. Neal, 

Anna M. Balch, 

Elizabeth E. Backup, 

Susan F. Rowe, 

Emma C. Wales, 

HuLDAH R. Clare, 

Mary L. Walker, 

Almira B. Russell. 

Lizzie M. Wood, 


EusTis Street, . , . 

2 Yeoman Street, 

. 4 

Sumner Street, . . 

2 MuNROE Street, . 

. 1 


A A L L E M . 

The accommodation of these schools is comparatively 
adequate, for that of the Munroe Street is not wholly oc- 
cupied, and no one of the group is over-crowded. Yet the 

22 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

buildings appropriated to their use are, with perhaps the 
exception of that to the Munroe Street, unpretending in 
architecture, and contain but few of the conveniences of 
modern structures erected for this purpose. Their apart- 
ments are generally small, ill- ventilated and cheerless. 
Their sites are less than half the size of a proper play- 
ground. These are enclosed by a high fence, and 
encroached upon, as in Yeoman Street, by neighboring 
dwellings and other private structures, to the obstruction 
of the light and the exclusion of the sun. The accom- 
modation of the Munroe Street, from its having been 
provided since the wants of school apartments have be- 
come more clearly defined, contains many of the modern 
improvements of other and more pretending structures 
of its kind. The building is high-studded and airy ; 
its apartments are comparatively large, well ventilated 
and warmed ; its site is eligible, and, from the sparse- 
ness of settlements in its neighborhood, is sufficiently 
removed from interruptions to the light and the sun. 

The teachers of these schools are regarded as being 
competent to discharge the duties of their respective 
positions ; as possessed of kind hearts and cheerful 
dispositions, unobjectionable manners and habits of 
temper that may safely be patterned by their pupils. 
They have had experience in their profession, which, if 
wisely improved, has doubtless impressed them with 
the importance of patience and forbearance in schools 
of this grade ; has stimulated them to cultivate these, 
cardinal virtues, and to practice them in their re- 


spective schools, to an extent at least, necessary to 
their successful management. It must have taught 
them not to expect too much of young pupils, or to 
allow themselves to be vexed at their failures and 
blunders, even in presence of visitors or of members of 
the Board. For the memory of such is unreliable, and 
the perceptive and reasoning faculties are only partially 
developed. These are consequently slow in their action, 
and incapable of logical deductions or abstract conclu- 
sions ; and to expect in them perfection, or even the 
avoidance of stupid and egregious errors, is the height 
of absurdity. 

The pupils of these schools were generally cleanly and 
tidy in their appearance, cheerful and subordinate in 
their bearing. They entered upon the exercises of the 
examination with zeal, and, with individual exceptions, 
acquitted themselves to the satisfaction of the examiner. 
They, in his estimation, exhibited an average compre- 
hension of the simple subjects discussed; appeared to 
appreciate the idea contained in each exercise, and per- 
formed their part of the examination in a spirit that not 
only reflects credit upon themselves and their respective 
teachers, but affords a guarantee of future progress equal 
to the reasonable expectations of the Board. But from 
the immaturity of their minds this progress must neces- 
sarily be slow, for the measure of a pupil's ability to 
advance in education, is the measure of his power of 
absorption and appropriation. And the rapidity with 
w^hich this power increases under tuition is often the 

24 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

measure of the teacher's skill to so adapt her instruction 
to the observation and imitation of her young pupils, as 
to draw out and strengthen their unfolding mental 
powers ; and not the measure of her ability to pour into 
their half-dormant brain, crude, indigestible knowledge, 
to the interruption and perversion of their otherwise 
natural and harmonious development. 



Mary A. Miers, 
Sarah J. Davis, 
Carrie T. Lewis, 
Clara M. Adams, 
Susannah L. Duran 

Catherine F. Mayall, 
Abby S. Oliver, 
Henrietta M. Wood, 
Mary A. Morse. 



Mill Dam, . . . 
Avon Place, . . 

. 1 Vernon Street, . . 
. 2 Centre Street, . . 





Warren Tuck. 

The accommodation appropriated to two of the schools 
of this group is unfit for the purpose. The building pro- 
vided for the occupancy of the Mill Dam is located on an 
open marsh remote from any public street ; has few pri- 
vate settlements near it, and no adequate enclosure to 
protect it from the North and West winds, which sweep 
along the extensive valley between Cambridge, Brookline, 
Roxbury and Boston. As a structure it is disproportioned, 


antiquated and dilapidated, and destitute of common 
conveniences, even to drop the windows or to otherwise 
properly ventilate its apartments. The room in which 
the school is held is small, low, damp, and repulsive 
alike to teacher and pupils ; and for the Board to con- 
tinue its occupancy, without giving expression to their 
sense of its unfitness for the purpose, is to disregard 
their convictions of duty. The premises should be dis- 
posed of for some other purpose, and the long neglected 
wants of that school supplied by the erection of a 
suitable structure for its accommodation, on a convenient 
and more eligible site. The building appropriated to 
the occupancy of the Centre Street is, from being located 
in the rear of a Steam Fire Engine House, which renders 
it difficult of access and at times unsafe for the pupils, 
obviously unadapted to school purposes. The accommo- 
dation provided for the others of the group is respect- 
able in character, and well supplies their individual 

Many of the teachers have long been in the employ of 
the Board, have had occasion to discover deficiencies 
in their primary education, and abundant opportu- 
nity to supply them by application and experience. 
The others having more recently entered the profession, 
have scarcely had time to test the adequacy of their 
acquirements, or the adaptation of their powers to dis- 
cipline and instruct children and youth. And yet so 
successful have been their efforts with those committed 
to their charge, that their respective schools aot only 

26 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

escaped adverse criticism, but, in conjunction with 
those of the more experienced, received the general 
approbation and commendation of the examiner. He 
especially mentions some of the more energetic and 
aspiring of these teachers, as having manifested an 
enterprise in familiarizing themselves with many of 
the more important modern improvements in teaching 
that is praiseworthy, and commendable, and it is con- 
fidently hoped that others will imitate their example. 

The schools of this group are located in the various 
sections of the city, their pupils come from a wide range 
of territory, and well represent the different casts of 
society. Consequently, it would naturally be supposed 
by the uninitiated, that insubordination is more liable to 
prevail here than in other schools of this grade. And, 
indeed, such a hypothesis would often be borne out by 
fact, were the rude and ill-mannered here educated by 
themselves. But seldom so when they are associated 
with the well-bred and refined : for the observation of the 
former is attracted by the winning and more excellent 
ways of the latter ; their instincts teach them that their 
coarseness places them at discount ; their wounded pride, 
together with an innate desire to imitate what is above 
them, stimulates them to abandon their own, and, in a 
measure, to substitute the manners of the latter to their 
own elevation, and a suppression of desire to subvert, 
or otherwise interrupt, the quiet, orderly proceeding of 
their respective schools. The examiner reports these 


scliools as maintaining excellent discipline, and making 
satisfactory progress in the elements of knowledge. 



Mary L. Gore, 

Anna E. Clark, 

Sarah W. Holbrook, 

Maria L. J. Perry, 

Anna M. Stone, 

Mary F. Drown, 

Emily L. Wilson, 

Elizabeth M. Hall. 

Anna M. Eaton, 


Cottage Place, 


. 4 Edinboro"' Street, . . 


Smith Street, , 


. 2 Francis Street, . . 



W. Olmstead. 

The accommodation of these schools is obviously in- 
adequate to their necessities, for a majority of them are 
in an over-crowded state. The building appropriated to 
the Smith Street is designed to accommodate about one 
hundred and twenty pupils, and is the only accommo- 
dation provided for that isolated district of the city, 
which lies between the Boston and Providence Railroad 
on the South and the outskirt-settlements to Brookline 
on the North, Charles and Ward Streets on the East 
and the Eastern slopes of Parker Hill to Prospect Street 
on the West, and contains from two hundred and fifty to 
three hundred children that claim, and have a right to 
enjoy. Primary School privileges within its limits. But 
under the present regime, from one hundred and seventy- 

28 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

five to two hundred of these are "crammed" into this 
two-roomed building, and the balance are sent beyond 
the limits of their proper district to the Cottage Place, 
crossing and recrossing the busy track of the Boston 
and Providence Railroad each session, often at iminent 
risk to life and limb. 

Such has been the condition of this district for years, 
and, although its necessities have annually been brought 
to the notice of the City Council by our predecessors 
of the Board, no further accommodation has been pro- 
vided. Its wants manifestly require the erection of a 
building appropriated to school purposes, on an eligible 
site in the vicinity of Parker Street, containing at least 
four — and if prospective wants are to be provided for, 
as in other instances, we would say six — full-size rooms. 
Such additional accommodation would supply its neces- 
sities, and enable the Board to turn back the children 
now crowding the apartments of the Cottage Place 
to their own district, beyond the dangers of the 
Railroad, where they desire, and ought to receive, 
their primary education. The accommodation provided 
for the remaining schools of the group is sufficient in 
capacity, and all that their necessities require. 

The teachers appear to be possessed of full average 
natural, and evince no lack of acquired, ability for the 
faithful discharge of the duties assumed. A majority of 
them have long enjoyed a reputation for efficiency in 
discipline and skill in imparting instruction; and, from 
the spirit and tenor of the examiner's brief report, it is 


evident that, during the examination, that reputation 
was creditably sustained, for he makes no strictures, and 
closes by saying, ''All these schools were found un- 
exceptionably in a most excellent condition. Some 
marked elements of progress are worthy of note." 

But it will be borne in mind that comparatively few 
pupils fail to accomplish what can be expected of the 
books, while many, it is feared, leave the schools of this 
grade in much ignorance of those higher and better 
things which depend upon the character and example of 
the teachers. What we do not accomplish has more to 
do often with the want of forbearance and patience and 
a wholly reliable character in the teachers employed, 
than the want of excellence in the text-books, or the at- 
tention and study of the pupils ; and the record of cor- 
poral punishment, if it was kept as it should be in con- 
formity with the rule fixed by the Board, would, it is 
believed, prove the correctness of this statement. 

A majority of the pupils in attendance on these schools 
are of foreign extraction, and many of these come from 
families in indigent circumstances or such as apparently 
have no means of subsistence beyond the price of their 
daily labor. And yet, notwithstanding their poverty and 
the small pittance received for their labor ; the 
present inflated prices of everything consumed and the 
extent of their often numerous progeny, the parents of 
these children — be it said to their deserved credit — 
manage to continue them in school, tolerably well sup- 

30 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

plied with books, comfortably clad, cleanly and tidy in 
their appearance. 



Maey E. 


Cornelia J. Bills, 

Eunice C 

'. Atwood, 

Mary E. Gardner, 

Helen A. 

, Bradley, 

Martha H. Horn, 

Annie G-. 


Emily B. Eliot. 

Olive E. 



Franklin Place, . 



Orange Street, 

Sudbury Street, . 

. 4 





The accommodation of the School in Orange Street is 
unadapted to the purpose. The building appropriated to 
its occupancy is antiquated and unsightly, and located 
on an ungraded, dirty street; its site is less than a third 
the size of a respectable play-ground; is enclosed by 
a high, tight fence, and o^rshadowed on two sides and 
in the rear by private dwellings, and in front by a carpet 
manufactory. These combine to obstruct the light, shut 
out the sun, and render its small, low, ill-ventilated 
apartments dark and gloomy. 

After the organization of the four schools in Cottage 
Place, this school was discontinued and the building 
handed over to the City Council ; but in consequence of 


the delay to provide the necessary accommodation North 
of the Boston and Providence Railroad, the surplus pupils 
from the Smith Street so crowded the Cottage Place, that 
the Board, for its temporary relief, again organized a 
school in this once abandoned building. But whenever 
the City Council shall furnish in that locality the accom- 
modation asked for, so that the children coming from that 
destitute district may be withdrawn from the Cottage 
Place, the school now occupying this building will doubt- 
less be permanently discontinued and merged in the 
latter. The accommodation occupied by the remaining 
schools of the group is ample in capacity, architecture 
and play-ground, and answers well the purpose for which 
it was provided. 

Some of the teachers of these schools have had much 
experience in their profession, which, if attended with 
philosophical insight into the human mind, doubtless 
has taught them something of the comparatively power- 
less condition of the mental faculties of childhood 
and youth ; has given them some practical idea of the 
order of their development, and enabled them to determine 
at different periods something of the progress of their 
emerging from dormancy into activity ; has taught them 
to infer something of the necessities of those of different 
pupils at different periods of their pupilage, and to so 
adapt instruction at all periods as to advance their 
evolution and growth. It, doubtless, has taught them 
something of the activity of the physical powers at this 
period of life, and of the great amount of exercise requisite 

32 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

to mature and control them; has taught them some- 
thing of the excess of nervous energy engendered when 
those acting voluntarily are long compelled to inactivity, 
and to infer from the restlessness of the pupils the 
necessity of the frequent introduction of some systematic 
muscular movements — gymnastic or calisthenic — to pro- 
mote its consumption, and relieve the economy of little 
sufferers from its over-stimulating effects. 

From the tenor of the examiner's report, it is evi- 
dent that he formed a high opinion of the effectiveness of 
the discipline maintained, and the skill displayed in im- 
parting instruction by a large majority of these teachers, 
for he says of their schools, " They were in all respects 
found in excellent condition, and reflect much credit on 
those having them in charge." But of the discipline 
and skill exhibited by some others of the group, he evi- 
dently formed a less favorable opinion, for, in speaking 
of their schools, he says, " The order and scholarship 
sadly need improving;" and implies that their pupils 
were on the day of examination particularly uncleanly 
and untidy in their appearance, and says, "For this 
condition there is no excuse even in poverty itself." 

Yet, since the report submitted at the close of the 
Summer term by the same examiner gives them a more 
hopeful and satisfactory character, it is apprehended that 
the appearance which called forth adverse criticism may 
be more temporary than habitual, more apparent than 
real, . and possibly more indicative of indifference and 
neglect on the part of the parents and guardians of the 


pupils than of inability or want of fidelity on that of the 
teachers. Indeed, it is feared that comparatively few 
parents have learned to value these nurseries of edu- 
cation in their true light ; have brought themselves 
to feel that they are the common inheritance of the 
children of every citizen of community, or have come 
to realize their own individual responsibility in their suc- 
cess or failure to lay the foundation of usefulness in their 
respective pupils. It is also feared that comparatively 
few of them have duly considered the relation which 
these schools sustain to those of the higher grades in our 
midst ; have carefully estimated the vast numbers of the 
rising generation of our city that begin and end their 
tuition here, or have accustomed themselves to watch 
over their well-being with the same zealous care and wise 
forethought that they are wont to bestow upon other and 
often lesser interests of their offspring. 

Mart C. Bartlett, Fannie H. C. Bradley, 

Susan H. Blaisdell, Frances N. Brooks, 

Mary M. Sherwin, Eliza J. Goss, 

Clara L. Davis, Jennie B. Lawrence. 

Annie E. Boynton, 

George Street, 
Elm Street, . . . 


. 4 Winthrop Street, 
. 2 Heath Street, . . 

. 2 
. 1 




It may with truthfulness be said that the accommo- 

34 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

dation of these schools is good, although the building 
occupied by the Elm Street is not a little antiquated 
and dilapidated in its general appearance. As an 
edifice it contrasts unfavorably with the elegant private 
residences around it ; reflects little credit on the neigh- 
borhood in which it is located, and, from having been 
erected before modem improvements in structures of 
its kind were devised, is unfortunately destitute of 
most of them, and, like many others built at that time, 
contains small, low-studded and ill- ventilated apart- 
ments. The buildings occupied by the remaining schools 
of this group are in every way satisfactory, and all that 
their respective neighborhoods require. That appro- 
priated to the occupancy of the George Street is an 
imposing structure, and a standing monument to the 
City Council that erected it. That provided for the 
accommodation of the Heath Street contains one vacant 
apartment, whose occupancy during the coming autumn 
will doubtless be required for the relief of the crowded 
condition of that school. 

In the estimation of the examiner, most of the 
teachers of the schools of this group are adapted to 
their profession ; possess the requisite acquired ability ; 
comprehend the character of the duties it imposes, and 
find pleasure in performing them to the extent of their 
powers. Yet they appear to meet with various degrees 
of success, which in some instances may be attributable 
to imperfect rudimentary education, but more generally, 
the writer apprehends, to peculiarities of physical organ- 


ization. Those who are placed at discount in conse- 
quence of deficient early mental training, may, by appli- 
cation and experience, overcome the obstacle, and, if 
possessed of the requisite natural qualifications, rise to an 
enviable position in their profession. But teachers 
laboring under idiosyncrasies or marked constitutional 
defects, seldom or never overcome them ; and, if these 
approach in character to a feeling of disrelish even for 
the common routine duties of the school-room, or to a 
decided dislike for, or want of sympathy with the ejQforts 
of children and youth, the sooner they abandon 
the idea of making teaching a profession, the better it 
will doubtless be for themselves and all others concerned. 

Teaching is so much of a trade that even the dull and 
commonplace may seem to achieve some degree of success 
in the profession. But it must be conceded that the ability 
to awaken the latent energies of the pupil ; to stim- 
ulate to their utmost capacity his slowly evolving 
faculties ; to inspire him with a noble enthusiasm, and 
impress him with a deep, abiding sense of his duty 
to qualify himself in youth for the emergencies of life, 
is a gift, and one that is not bestowed in equal degrees 
by the Creator. Therefore, the idea that all teachers 
can bring their respective schools to a specific standard 
of excellence, is preposterous, and only needs to be 
mentioned to make its absurdity apparent. 

The pupils in some of these schools manifested a 
degree of intelligence and power of abstraction that 
pleased the examiner. Their zeal in describing tangible 

36 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

objects and living "beings referred to in fheir reading 
lessons partook largely of enthusiasm, and is an earnest 
of their future development and progress. In all these 
schools, says the examiner, "The pupils were tidy in 
their appearance, respectful in their bearing, and ap- 
parently contented and happy in their relation." He 
particularly mentions the George Street and the Winthrop, 
and Number One of the Elm Street, as being under ex- 
cellent discipline, and closely approaching a standard of 
excellence that will characterize them as model schools ; 
and suggests that they may each be visited with profit 
and pleasure by teachers of Primary Schools generally. 
It would be gratifying to see their efficient dis- 
cipline, their commendable spirit of enterprise and 
zealous bearing, copied into many other schools of this 
grade in the city. But it is feared that in too many 
instances where its absence prevails and dull monotony 
supplies its place, the power to awaken or maintain a 
similar mental state in their pupils does not reside in the 
teachers in charge. And therefore such a desirable change 
can scarcely be expected to transpire, for, in the estimation 
of the writer, it is as rare a thing to see the enthusiasm 
or even zeal of a school rise above that felt and displayed 
by the teacher, as it is to see a stream rise above its 
fountain. Hence the wisdom of selecting teachers for 
their known natural as well as acquired fitness for the 
position, without favoritism, charity, or regard to place 
of birth, residence, education or experience. 


In accordance with establislied custom, tlie schools of 
this grade have, during the year, been four times more 
or less thoroughly examined, the results written out, sub- 
mitted to the Board, and filed in the archives. The 
reported results of those made in February and July are 
usually submitted by the respective local committees, 
and those in May and November by a special committee, 
designated the Committee on Primary Schools. That 
made in May is designed to be the most thorough of the 
year ; is from custom called the Annual Examination, 
and its reported results are usually made the basis of the 
Annual Report to the citizens. The writer, in making 
up the body of this Report, has endeavored to conform to 
this general custom, and therefore its main features have 
been derived from facts, incidents and inferences chiefly 
drawn from that source. 

But by examining the various reports of these schools 
submitted during the year, he learns that this grade, 
at the commencement of our term of office, numbered 
forty-three schools, and that this number has been in- 
creased by the addition of four new organizations ; that 
of these, two were made for the relief of the Sudbury 
Street at the commencement of the Spring term, and 
at the time the school in Tremont Street was trans- 
ferred from the basement of a private dwelling, to the 
joint occupancy with them of the new and cojnmodious 
building in Franklin Place ; that one was made for the 
relief of the Cottage Place during the latter part of the 
Summer term in a private dwelling in Tremont Street, 

38 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

properly remodeled and fitted up by the owner, and 
leased by the city for its accommodation ; that the re- 
maining one was made for the relief of the Heath Street 
during the early part of the Fall term in the unoccupied 
apartment of the building appropriated to that school, and 
that for the performance of a portion of the extra labor 
imposed upon the teachers of the Smith Street, in conse- 
quence of its overcrowded condition, an additional teacher 
was associated with the regular incumbents about the 
middle of the Summer term, and as no further accommo- 
dation has been provided by the City Council for the re- 
lief of this school, the same arrangement is continued. 

He also learns that few resignations have been ten- 
dered by the teachers of these schools during the year ; 
that appointments to vacancies and to new organiza- 
tions have chiefly been made from inexperienced resi- 
dent graduates of our High School ; that the teachers 
were, during the Fall term, twice called together by the 
Board for the purpose of exciting a greater interest in, 
and establishing a more uniform and practical method of 
conducting Vocal Drill, Vocal Music, Object-Teaching 
and Physical Exercises in the schools of the City ; that 
these meetings were well attended by the teachers, and 
have been instrumental in giving a zeal to the teaching 
of most of them that is perceptible in every department 
of their respective schools. 

And now, notwithstanding the somewhat unusual 
length and minuteness of this report, your Committee, 
in conclusion, desire to state, for information of their 


associates and fellow-citizens, that the past year — though 
not characterized by any marked enterprise calculated to 
advance the cause of education in our city — has been a 
year of full average prosperity to the schools of this 
grade. Yet they, from knowledge of the many em- 
barrassing circumstances under which some of them go 
into operation, cannot wholly divest themselves of the 
conviction that they — though evidently accomplishing 
much good to the children and youth of the city — are 
far from accomplishing all they ought and might accom- 
plish for them. They are constrained to believe that that 
boundless stream of beneficent influence which should 
ever issue from them, is often circumscribed and inter- 
rupted by unfavorable conditions incident to their or- 
ganization, to the character of the attendance of the 
pupils and the parental interest felt in the education of 
their children. 

But a consciousness that the labors of the year have 
been crowned even with average success to this highly 
important grade of schools, is gratifying to your Com- 
mittee, and can scarcely fail to inspire the parents 
and guardians of the children and youth composing 
them with sentiments of gratitude to the Supreme 
Dispenser of events, and to excite in them a higher 
appreciation of the privileges they afford, and a more 
hearty co-operation with future Boards in their efforts to 
increase their efficiency and usefulness. 

For the Committee on Primary Schools, 

T. RIKER NUTE, Chairman. 





The whole number of Teachers is 91. 

The whole number of Pupils in all the Schools is 4619, 
being an increase of 232 over last year. Average attendance 
in all the Schools 4160, or 90 per cent. 

The cost of maintaining our Public Schools the past year 
was $55,447.20, being an increase of $8412,28 over last year, 
owing to the extra cost of fuel and the advance of teachers' 
salaries, averaging $12.00 per scholar. 

The number of Scholars at the High School is 155, with 
four Teachers. 

There are five Grammar Schools. The number of Pupils 
belonging to the Grammar Schools is 1841, an increase over 
last year of 69. Number of Divisions 36, average number to 
each Division 51. Number of Grammar School Teachers, 40. 

The number of Primary Schools is 47, an increase over last 
year of four. The number of Pupils belonging to these 
Schools is 2623, an average to each School of 58 pupils. In- 
crease of Primary Scholars over last year, 152. 

The salaries of Teachers have been advanced during the 
year. Female Teachers increased $50 each. Principals of 
Schools 20 per cent. 




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FOR 1864. 




Ward 1.— Horatio G. Morse, 
" 2. — Ira Allen", 
« 3. — Timothy R. Nute, 
" 4. — John W. Olmstead, 
" 5.— Edwin Ray, 

elected by wards. 

George J. Arnold. 
J. Warren Tuck. 
George M. Hobbs. 
Jeremiah Plympton. 
Alfred P. Putnam.* 

* Eesigned, and Henry B, Metcalf elected. 


FOR 1865. 

elected at large. 



elected by wards. 

Ward 1. — ^Franklin Williams, 
" 2. — Ira Allen, 
" 3. — Timothy R. Nute, 
" 4. — John W. Olmstead, 
" 5.— Edwin Ray, 

John G. Bartholomew. 
J. Warren Tuck. 
George M. Hobbs. 
Jeremiah Plympton. 
Moody Merrill. 



[Those elected for the ensuing year included.] 

At Large. 
George Putnam, 1S46, 48, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 
Cyrus H. Fay, 1846, 48. 
* Samuel H. Walley, Jr., 1846, 48. 
George R. Russell, 1847. 
Thomas F. Caldicott, 1847. 
George W. Bond, 1847. 
John Way land, 1849, 50, 61. 
William E. Alger, 1849, 50, 56. 
William Hague, 1849, 50. 
Theodore Dunn, 1851. 
Thomas D. Anderson, 1851. 
Horatio G. Morse, 1852, 53, 54, 65. 
William H. Ryder, 1852, 53, 54, 57, 58. 
William A. Crafts, 1852, 53, 54, 59, 60, 64, 65, 
Bradford K. Peirce, 1855. 
Joseph H. Streeter, 1855. 
John S. Flint, 1855. 
Julius S. Shailer, 1856, 57, 58, 65.... 
Arial I. Cummings, 1859, 61. 
Edwin Ray, 1860. 
William S. King, 1861. 
John S. Sleeper, 1862, 63. 
Franklin Williams, 1862, 63, 64, 

* The junior dropped in 1850, 

48 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

Ward 1. 

Allen Putnam, 1846. 

Henry B, Wheelwright, 1846, 47. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64. 

William R. Alger, 1848, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

John Jones, 1853, 54. 

Joseph Bugbee, 1853, 54. 

Henry W. Parley, 1855, 56, 57, 

Pranklin Williams, 1858, 59, 60, 65. 

George W. Adams, 1861, 62, 63. 

William H. Hutchinson, 1863. 

George J, Arnold, 1864. 

John G. Bartholomew, 1865. 

Ward 2. 

Thomas P. Caldicott, 1846. 

Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61 

62, 63. 
Alfred Williams, 1847, 48. 

Ira Allen, 1849, 50, 51, 52, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. . 
Arial I. Cummings, 1853. 
Charles Marsh, 1854, 55. 
J. Warren Tuck, 1864, 65. 

Ward 3. 

Charles K. Dillaway, 1846, 47. 

Francis Hilliard, 1846, 48, 49. 

Theodore Otis, 1847. 

Julius S, Shailer, 1848, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54. 

William Gaston, 1849, 50, 51. 

Timothy R. Nute, 1852, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65. 

Joseph H, Streeter, 1853, 54. 

William H. Ryder, 1855. 

Benjamin Mann, 1855. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57, 58, 62. 

William A. Crafts, 1856. 

Richard Garvey, 1859. 

*John D. McGiU, 1860, 61, 62. 

George M. Hobbs, 1863, 64, 65. 

* Kesig-ned in 1862, and William A. Crafts elected. 


Waud 4. 

Benjamin E. Cotting, 1846, 47, 49. 

David Green, 1846, 47, 48. 

Henry 13artlett, 1848. 

Henry W, Fuller, 1849, 50, 61. 

John S. Flint, 1850, 51, 52. 

John Wayland, 1852, 53, 54, 55. 

Theodore Otis, 1853. 

*John W. Olmstead, 1854, 56, 58, 59, 60, Gl, 62, 63, 64, 65. 

James Waldock, 1855, 56. 

Joseph N. Brewer, 1857, 58, 59. 

Jonathan P. Robinson, 1857. 

Jeremiah Plympton, 1860, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. 

Ward 5. 

Augustus C. Thompson, 1846. 

Daniel Leach, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 60, 5i, 52, 53, 54, 55. 

Samuel Walker, 1847, 66. 

John H. Purkett, 1848. 

Charles F. Foster, 1849, 50, 51, 62. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1853, 54. 

Edwin Ray, 1855, 57, 58, 69, 63, 64, 65. 

Theodore Otis, 1856. 

fAlfred P. Putnam, 1857, 61, 62, 64. 

Robert P. Anderson, 1858, 59. 

+ Sylvester Bliss, 1860, 61, 62, 63. 

William S. King, 1860. 

Moody Merrill, 1865. 

Ward 6.§ 

George W. Bond, 1S46. 

Edward Turner, 1846. 

Edmund F. Slafter, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51. 

Dan. S. Smalley, 1847. 

George Faulkner, 1848, 

Edward D. Boit, 1849, 50, 51. 

* Kesigned in 1856, and Joseph N. Brewer elected- 

t Resigned in 1862, and Edwin Bay elected ; also in 1864, aad Henry B. MetcaEf elected. 
J Deceased in 1853, and Henry B. Metealf cliosen to fill vacancy. 

§ Wards 6, 7 and 8, with parts of Wards 4 and 5, were set off and incorporated, by Act of 
the Legislature, May 24, 1851, under the name of the Town of West Koxbury. 

50 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

Wakd 7. 

John O. Choules, 1846, 47. 
Joseph H. Allen, 1846. 
Theodore Dunn, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 
Grindell Reynolds, 1848, 49, 50, 51. 
Stephen M. Allen, 1851. 

Ward 8. 

Theodore Parker, 1846. 
George E,. Russell, 1846. 
Dexter Clapp, 1847, 48, 50, 51. 
Matthews W. Green, 1847. 
Abijah W. Draper, 1848, 49. 
Joseph H. Billings, 1849. 
Cornelius Cowing, 1850, 51. 


Chaf-les K. Dillaway, 1840, 47. 
George Putnam, 1848, 64. 
Daniel Leach, 1849, 50, 51. 
Julius S. Shailer, 1852, 53. 
John Way land, 1854. 
Bradford K. Peirce, 1855. 
*William H. Ryder, 1856, 57, 58. 
Horatio G. Morse, 1859, 60, 61, 62. 
John W. Olmstead, 1863. 


tJoshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 62, 53, 64, 55, 58, 69, 60, 61, 62 

Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57. 
Franklin Williams, 1864. 

* Kesig'ned in 1858, and Horatio G. Morse elected Chairman ad interim. 
f Deceased in 18G3, and Franklin Williams chosen to fill vacancy. 




3 9999 06660 794 4 





One volume can be taken at a time from ihe 
Lower Hall, and cue from the Bates Ilall. 
Books can be kept out 14: days. 

A line of 2 cents for each volume vvill be 
incurred for each day a book is detained more 
than 14 days. 

Any book detained more than a week be- 
3'ond the time limited, will be sent for at the 
expense of the delinquent. 

IS'^o book is to be lemj out of the household 
of the borrower. 

The Library hours for the delivery and re- 
tui-n of books are from 10 o'clock, A. IM., to 
8 o'clock, r. i\I., in the Lower Hall ; and from 
10 o'clock, A. IM., imtil one half hour before 
sunset in the Bates Hall. 

Every book must, under penalty of one dol- 
lar, be returned to the Library at such time 
in August as shall be publicly announced. 

The card must be presented whenever a 
book is returned. For renewing a book the 
card must be presented, together Avith the 
book, or with the shelf-numbers of the book.