BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 3 9999 06660 795 1 ,'J. |iMi!;s;i-U:niif if r m\^3L2^ G-IVEN Bv ^A va ( ^^^ClS^Q^ ZT' ,—Mo. 1 ADDRESS OF X3:is :E3:o3^TOI^ GEORGE LEWIS, 1 ^^A.^^ CITY COUNCIL OE ROXBURY, DEIilVEKED BErOKE THE TWO BRANCHES IN CONVENTION, JANUARY 1, 1866. .^- f Jte<^ PBINTED BY ORDER OF THE CITY COUNCIL. GEOROE: It: MOiS^ROE; 'printer, GtllLD ROW. 18 6 6. In Boakd of Aldermen, January 1, 1866. Ordered, That six hundred copies of the Address of his Honor the Mayor, be printed for the use of the City Council. Sent down for concurrence. JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Clerk. ' ' Concurred. In Common Council, January 1, 1866. FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Clerk. •; /^. '6 ^ ADDRESS. Gentlemen of the Board of Aldermen and of the Common Council : We this day assume the responsible duties of Municipal legislation under auspices the most promising for our Nation, our Commonwealth and our City. The close of the rebellion has not, as was feared by many, produced a revulsion in business circles ; but all evidences in- dicate that through the renewed energies of our people the resources of our sountry will be developed with a rapidity never before witnessed. To a large extent does this city participate in the general prosperity of the nation. Perhaps we have never welcomed a New Year which prom- ised more satisfactory results than does the present. The capacity of our laboring and mechanical classes is tested to the. utmost; the prospects of the tradesmen are satisfactory; our manufacturing interest is largely on the increase; dwellings are no sooner offered for rent or sale than tenant or purchaser is found therefor ; and in every direction within our borders general prosperity and happiness prevails. The decennial census lately completed in accordance with the laws of this Commonwji. 1th discloses the gratifying fact that the population of this city has increased the last five years (notwithstanding the existence o! the rebellion) in a greater ratio than is the case with more than one other city in the State. 4 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. Although the relative ratio in the matter of prosperity between Roxbury and the other municipalities in this State is not shown in the census just taken, it is believed that our increase in this respect has been as great as has our population. No one can reasonably doubt that from its great natural advantages, aided by an enterprising and industrious people, our augmentation will be rapid hereafter. Such being the case, if a wise system of measures be authorized by you, it must exercise a beneficial influence, not only over our present pros- perity, but be largely instrumental in the future advancement of our city. In accordance with established usage, I ask your attention to some of the more important topics connected with our munici- pal duties. SANITARY CONDITION OF THE CITY. The indications that the Asiatic cholera might reach us the coming spring, induced the last Board of Health to cause a critical examination to be made with a view of ascertaining the sanitary condition of thjs city. The City and Consulting Phy- sicians, with the City Marshal, attended to this matter. Their report discloses the existence of a large number of tenements, and several tracts of low lands, where filth and stagnant water are found, which if allowed to remain, will without doubt not .only cause disease in a malignant and infectious form, but must be instrumental in inducing sickness of a more common type. I recommend your careful perusal of that report ; and also that immediate steps be taken to abate the nuisances referred to therein. All good citizens will willingly aid the authorities in the matter of necessary purification : in the event of refusal on the part of others, the extreme rigor of the law should be resorted to at once. I believe that no difference of opinion exists among those whose experience and investigations are entitled to respect, that the Asiatic cholera selects its victims largely from loca- MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 5 tions where filth or stagnant water is found, and from persons of uncleanly or intemperate habits. Such being the case, it is imperative that the authority delegated to the Board of Health be exercised without regard to the manner in which the pecu- niary interest of the offender is affected The healthy condi- tion of the mind is largely influential in the prevention of this disease, and this is of course affected for the better or worse through the habits of the individual, and the condition of. the locality in which he resides. Although slight reason exists for anticipating that this disease will affect us to any extent, it is our duty to see that all predisposing causes be removed. To this end, the co-operation of citizens with the efforts of the authorities is desired. The attention of the last Board of Health was called to the condition of Stony Brook, which was found to be in a state of nuisance dangerous to the public health, and disgraceful to the city. The Board unanimously decided that immediate action was necessary in this matter. At this time certain representations were made that negotiations were in progress for the removal of the dam at Lowell street, by means of which, with the aid of the City Council, in converting the brook into a common sewer, the nuisance would be abated, private property protected, and the interests of that locality cared for. Conceiving these results desirable, time was granted for those interested in this measure to make the attempt. I regret to say that this scheme was unsuccessful so far as relates to the conversion above Orange street. The authority of the Board of Health being more arbitrary than is delegated to any other branch of the municipal govern- ment, it should be exercised only in extreme cases, where, through the slower process of law, the health of individuals or of the community is in jeopardy. Such I conceive to be the condition of this stream, and therefore trust that no further time will be lost in taking steps which will cause its purifica- tion. I am confident that our people will unanimously sanc- tion such action by the Board. No interest of the community 6 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. L is so great as that of the preservation of its health; and the authority referred to is given in recognition of the dangers which are liable to arise in times like the present. To the Board of Health, and to that Board only, can the people look for such protection against individual perversity or public neglect, as will secure to them this inestimable blessing. It is therefore our duty as conservators of the public health, and particularly so at this time, to exercise all diligence in this matter. A large tract of land in the region of Plymouth street, and in the cities of Boston and Roxbury, is in a state of nuisance, the owners of which have been indicted therefor. I am inform- ed that application will be made to the next Legislature for a charter, through which it is hoped this evil will be abated, and the territory converted into upland. The parties interested in this scheme are men of gTeat public spirit and energy, and are possessed of ample means to carry out the project. The success of this measure will be highly beneficial to the locality referred to, and will without doubt be for the interest of those owning property thereon. Should the reverse prove to be the case, the court will undoubtedly order that territory filled to such grade as will accomplish the desired result. . POOR AND ALMS-HOUSE DEPARTMENT. The demands upon our community for charity increase each year, tlie same arising largely from causes within the control of the applicants. It is apprehended that our people are as a whole unacquainted with the importance of the authority vested in the Board of Overseers of the Poor ; and that the office is too generally considered as being of secondary importance to others of the public service. Such is not the case. No municipal body is clothed with greater power; and the best judgment is necessary in the disbursements of charity, to avoid imposition. The members of that Board should be selected with great MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 7 care ; and only from the most intelligent and judicious of our citizens. Our benevolent people are too frequently ignorant of the rules which regulate the action of the Overseers of the Poor. The law classifies such as are to be assisted by cities and towns, and such as are supported by the State. All asking aid are comprised within one or other of these classes. Such as have obtained a settlement in the cities or towns are assisted by those localities ; all others are provided for at the State Aims- Houses. As but a portion of this latter class are to be found in these houses, our charitable societies in co-operation with this Board, and the gifts of individuals, provide the means of relief for the remainder. The practice of countenancing street begging is pernicious in the extreme, and should be at once abandoned ; all such as ask assistance should be referred to the proper officers. In a majority of cases the individuals so giving are imposed upon, and their gifts answer a far different purpose than that designed by the donors, I respectfully urge our citizens to discountenance beggars, and that such as apply be referred to the Agent of the Over- seers of the Poor, Dr. Ira Allen. The disbursements for charitable purposes are largely increased through the passage of a law by the last Legislature, whereby it becomes our duty to assist, under certain provisions, all soldiers and sailors, and the families of such, as have been credited to the quota of this city, when the same are in neces- sitous circumstances. While no individual would for a moment allow those who have faithfully served the nation in its hour of trial to suffer for the comforts of life, it is a matter of doubt whether this law should not be so amended that greater discrimination be allowed to the dispensing board, and without affecting the desired result. In accordance with law, a Truant School has been established, under the care and direction of the Overseers of the Poor. 8 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. The necessity of this school has been long apparent, but, on account of the expense, its operation has been delayed until the present time. Although in existence but a few months, its beneficial results are already apparent, lessening in a great degree the number of truants in the streets. The Overseers of the Poor consider themselves fortunate in obtaining the services of one of the most gifted of our former teachers, as principal of this school. Under her judicious management, aided by the efficient Superintendent of the Aims- House, little doubt exists, that many children will be reclaimed from paths of vice, and in future become useful members of society. ANNEXATION OE ROXBURY TO BOSTON. The consolidation of the cities of Roxbury and Boston under one municipal government, is again brought to your notice through a petition in favor of the measure, a copy of which has been served upon the city. I am informed, however, that it is doubtful if the subject will be presented to the Legislature at its coming session. The frequent agitation of this question without decisive results is injurious in the extreme ; and I conceive that the sooner tho. question is decided, the better for our interest. The City Council of Boston having adopted an order in reference to this matter, I advise the appointment of a committee as therein sug- gested, trusting that they will arrive at such conclusions as will bring about the desired annexation, or dispose of it for a series of years. The order alluded to is as follows, viz : Ordered, That whenever the city council or selectmen of any city or town, whose territory adjoins that of the city of Boston, shall notify the city of Boston that in accordance with a vote of their respective bodies they are empowered to con- sult with the authorities of Boston with a view to the annex- ation to the city of Boston of their city or town, it shall be the duty of his Honor the Mayor of Boston to appoint three com- missioners from the citizens of Boston to meet an equal MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 9 number from the city or town making the request. Said commissioners shall take the whole subject into consideration, and those appointed on the part of Boston, shall report to the City Council the financial, industrial and sanitary condition of the city applying for admission, with such suggestions as they may think proper regarding conditions which would make such annexation mutually desirable. HIGHWAYS. The use of gravel for repairing the highways having been found both expensive, and the material itself not durable, a machine operated by steam power was purchased by the city for the breaking of stone for this object. Although this crusher has been in use but a few months, it has been found to answer the purpose desired to the fullest extent. The stone broken by it has been used on our most travelled streets, and has given gen- eral satisfaction. No doubt exists that when this material shall have been distributed generally over our highways, it will be found that these will compare favorably with such as are repaired with gravel, and at the same time be vastly more durable. Although broken stone may in the first place be more expensive than gravel, owing to the cost of blasting, its greater durability must more than compensate for the increased outlay in its production. It is a matter of regret that the delay in the receipt of the crusher has prevented as general repairing of our highways as was desired, or as has been the case in former years. It is expected that with the coming spring we shall have greater facilities for the distribution of broken stone, and that at the expiration of this year the streets of the city will be found second to none in the State. Through, the efficiency and mechanical skill of the Superintendent of Streets, in the erection and management of the steam engine and crusher, we have been enabled to accomplish much more in the repairs of the highways than otherwise we could have done. Our system of using broken stone in repairs of streets is sufficiently near to that of McAdam to satisfy us of its 10 CITY DOCUMENT— No. L advantages. He recommends that the covering or roof of the soil be made of stone broken into fragments, and so laid that these will unite into a firm and impenetrable body ; and that no gravel be mixed with the stone. It is a matter of question whether the annoyance arising from the use of broken stone before the same has settled into a compact form is more objectionable to the traveller than is stone pavement. One of these we must submit to. The sug- gestion is often made that a few inches of gravel placed on the top of the stones will sooner produce a smooth and level road. Such may be the case, but in this city the quantity of gravel adapted for the surface of a street is extremely limited, and commands a high price. It is, therefore, apparent that the combined material must largely increase the cost of these repairs. I am not aware of any unusual expenditures in the matter of constructing new streets, or repairing old ones, which will be required this year. FIRE DEPARTiMENT. A sufficient time having elapsed since the substitution of steam for hand engines to test the experiment in our city, I am happy to say that the change has been found to be decidedly beneficial, but especially so in a moral point of view, it being impossible to over-estimate the advantages gained in this respect. While the three steamers now in use have much greater power than had the four hand-engines formerly employed, it must be apparent that owing to theyearly increase of wooden buildings in this city, another steamer must soon be procured, to insure sufficient protection against fire. I am happy to state that the members of this branch of the public service are able, fearless and prompt in their discharge of duty. I take pleasure in uniting with our entire community in recognizing the faithful attention given by the Chief Engineer and his assistants to the trust reposed in them. Our city has been highly favored the past year in its exemption from serious fires. I recommend MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 11 that tlio same number of reservoirs be constructed this year as heretofore. WATCH AND POLICE DEPARTMENT. The watch and Police Department of this city, although small considering the extent of our territory, and its contiguity with the metropolis, is composed of men of sound morals, correct habits, firm in the discharge of duty, indefatigable in the detec- tion of criminals, and the prevention of crime. I hesitate not to say that, as a whole, the effectiveness of our Day and Night Police is unsurpassed by any of similar extent in any other city. I consider ourselves as being extremely fortunate in the Chief of this Department, combining as he does in a rare degree qualifications requisite for producing harmony and usefulness in this the most trying and hazardous of our corrective insti- tutions. In this connection I desire to say that I was, a few days since, enabled to reply to certain questions of the Adjutant General of this State, having reference to our records of crime since the return home of our soldiers, that no increase exists which can be attributed to them, and I am of the opinion that the average influence of army life upon this class has been morally beneficial rather than the reverse. SCHOOLS. Our schools being under the control and management of the Board of School Committee, and in these respects independent of (he City Council, I am unable to give you other information than that contained in the annual report of that body. To that document I respectfully refer you for such intelligence relative to these as may be desired. It is highly gratifying to know that these institutions are, as a whole, second to none in the Commonwealth. The interest of the teachers in their work increases each year ; and the children generally second their efforts. The grade of our 12 CITY DOCUMENT— No. 1. schools cannot be the same from year to year, and it affords me pleasure to state that whatever changes occur, are ia a right direction. While the members of the School Committee are selected from those best adapted to discharge the duties of their office, and general satisfaction prevails in reference to the manner in which these institutions are watched over, it seems to me desi- rable that some official connection should exist between the City Council and the School Committee. Such is the custom in other cities, and I think it would be productive of good with us. The City Council through such connection would be informed of the action of the School Committee, and the reasons which influence them would be better understood. I have no doubt this suggestion will be favorably considered by the School Committee, and also by our citizens. A communication from the School Committee, asking further school accommodations in Ward No. 3, has been referred to you by' your predecessors. I advise that you investigate the necessity of this case ; and in the event of your approval thereof, that land be at once purchased, and the necessary steps taken for the erection of a building. My confidence in the beneficial results arising from the evening or adult school is unabated. I renew my recommenda- tion that such schools be established in Wards 1 and 2. FOREST HILLS CEMETERY. The annual report of the Commissioners of Forest Hills Cemetery discloses the gratifying fact that its attractiveness is still on the increase. The receipts realized from sales of lots are in excess of any former year. The gateway so long contemplated has been erected, but owing to the season of the year certain portions of the work have been necessarily post- poned until the coming Spring. As this gateway is intended to be of a permanent nature, and is elaborate in design and execution, the Commissioners MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 13 caused the construction to be done by the day, and under their immediate supervision, conceiving that increased durability and beauty would be thereby obtained. The result shows conclu- sively tlie correctness of their action in so doing. Although the cost of the gateway is large, it is to be considered as being erected not alone for our time, but for a long series of years. Even for the present it is believed that the attractiveness of the cemetery is so largely increased through its erection, as to warrant the outlay. It cannot be otherwise than that the interest of our people in the cemetery will increase day by day. Such being the case, with judicious management it must become the most attractive spot in our neighborhood, combin- ing as it does such essentials to this end, as sacred associations, natural beauty, and the embellishments of art. HORSE RAILROADS. F^'Sundry orders of notice have been served upon the city, that petitions will be presented to the Legislature at its next session, asking charters for horse railroads over our streets. Were it not that so general dissatisfaction exists with reference to the management of the Metropolitan Railroad Company, these petitions would have little weight with our people. I think it is unnecessary for us to suffer more in the enormously increased expense in the repairs of our streets caused by these rails, and the annoyance to a large minority of our people which they occasion. It is a matter of regret that the management of the Metropolitan Railroad Company has failed to satisfy the public. The general feeling is, that the privilege is a monopoly, and that its management are ever on the alert to obtain advantages inconsistent with the general good, and that it is unscrupulous in the mode of acquiring these. The recent rise of fares has caused a general indignation, from the belief that the net in- come of the road at the old prices, as originally located, would warrant good dividends. From official sources the statement is made that the purchase or lease of other roads warrants the 14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. outlay which they occasioned; and that, through the peculiar interests involved, the course was necessary. Our people are slow to credit these statements in the matter of profits ; and object to the addition of forty per centum to their fares, con- ceiving that the increased number of passengers over the original tracks will offset the advanced cost of labor, food and material. The passengers over the new routes should be made to pay a proper sum, corresponding with the length of route, number carried and cost of carriage, in addition to the fare over the original route, and if the result be unprofitable, it is the misfortune of the stockholders. I am opposed to having further charters granted for horse railroads over our streets, believing that it is easier to control one such road than more ; and experience teaches us that in all probability any new location granted will soon become the property of the Metropolitan, in which event our troubles will only be increased. I think the united action of the city and town governments where the original locations exist, would induce the Legislature to so amend the charter of the Metro- politan Railroad Company, as that in the matter of accommo- dation, fares, &c., our citizens would receive relief from the, annoyances referred to, and that the result would prove advantageous to the company. I recommend the consider- ation of this subject by that branch of the government having jurisdiction over horse railroads; and that such action be taken in the matter as may be deemed expedient. For a number of years the Board of Aldermen have adopted an order having reference to the removal of snow and ice from the rails of the Metropolitan Railroad Company in this city. That order is not respected by the Company, and I advise the passage of an ordinance in reference to this matter, and that such penalties be imposed therein as shall enforce the necessai'y obedience. REVISION OF CITY ORDINANCES. I recommend that you cause a revision of our ordinances to be made, as I am informed that a number of these contain MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 15 provisions which are inconsistent with the statute laws of this State. CITY DEBT AND TAXATION. A year since, the city debt was 11,040,195, of which $65,000 was temporarily borrowed for the payment of bounties. This last-named sum, together with $27,000 of the funded debt which matured last year, was assessed in the tax, and is now paid, leaving a present indebtedness of $948,195. I congrat- ulate the citizens of Roxbury that the first step for many years in this direction has been taken, and think the unanimity with which our people sanctioned this action of the government warrants us in adopting a similar course the present year. The sum of $27,000 of the debt matures this year, and I recommend that the same be paid through our annual tax. It not unfrequently happens that our scrip is offered for sale ; and, as but $8,000 matures in 1867, I suggest that authority be given to the Committee on Finance to purchase such as may be offered, not exceeding $20j000 in amount, provided the price and time of maturity justifies them in so doing ; and that in payment therefor a temporary loan be created, payable the said year. Were it not for the introduction of pure water, I know no object for which the public debt should ever again be perma- nently increased. Anticipating that the day is not far distant when this question must be met, it should be the policy of the City Council to reduce the indebtedness of the city as far as practicable. I doubt not this course of action will produce such results that when that time arrives, the outlay for water will not injuriously affect the prosperity of the city. The expense of the Stony Brook sewer must be provided for ; and I suggest that all balances in the treasury at the close of the fiscal year, and also all the indebtedness then due to the city, be appropriated for that purpose ; and that the excess be borrowed, and made payable in four yearly payments. ■16 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 1. It is impossible to state at this time what the amount of these assets will be, or what will be the cost of the sewer. I advise that Ordinance Number 6 be ao amended that the annual report of the Committee on Accounts shall be made up to the first day of May, in place of February first, as is therein provided. The advantages of this change are that the committee will have been a sufficiently long time in office to become acquainted with the routine pursued; whereas now it often happens that such is not the case ; and also that their report will show the receipts and disbursements of our fiscal year, which ends with the thirtieth day of April. MILITARY MATTERS. With the close of the rebellion the labors of the committee having these subjects in charge practically ceased. Their principal duty at this time has reference to the aid given to families of soldiers and sailors. The number now in receipt of aid is about sixty, and is being daily diminished. A large proportion of these are the families of deceased and invalid soldiers. I trust that the State will assume the entire charge of this matter, w'lich, from the comparatively small number now assisted, can be easily attended to by its officers, who have greater facilities to this end than is the case with those of cities and towns. Our militia organization consists of Company D, 1st Bat- talion Cavalry, Captain Richard Holmes, and four couipanies of unattached infantry, commanded by Captains Jordan, Fille- brown, Ryan, and Lieut. Foster. Through a recent examina- tion by the proper State officer, we learn that these companies are all above the minimum standard of law. The members are mostly of our young and enterprising men, and, should occasion arise, these would promptly respond to the call of the authorities. It is a matter of regret that, though a long time has elapsed since the organization of these infantry companies, as yet some are without arms and accoutrements, and all are MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 17 without uniforms. This delay on tlie part of the State causes dissatisfaction. No great interest can exist, neither can a high standard of military discipline be attained, under such circum- stances. These companies are in similar condition with many others, and it is to be hoped. that arrangements will be at once made to provide the necessary equipments in pursuance of law. Company D, 1st Battalion Mass. Cavalry, formerly Roxbury Horse Guards, maintains the enviable character it has always enjoyed; its ranks are full, and it has received great praise in military circles, for its drill and soldierly appearance. Com- pany D, State Guard, Captain Edward Wyman, originally Roxbury Reserve Guard, having fulfilled the purpose for which it was organized, was, at the request of its members, disbanded by his Excellency the Governor. This company is now histor- ical; its valuable services rendered during the rebellion will be long remembered, and its members will ever feel a just pride in their association. SEWERAGE. I know of no one subject more vital to the present pros- perity of this city than that of sewerage. While we have some thirty miles of streets, less than three miles of sewers are laid. No artificial supply of water can be judiciously undertaken, before the city is properly provided with the means of dis- posing of the same, as the earth would not absorb such quan*- titles as are used where it is so easily obtained, and the supply is ample. The sanitary condition of our most densely settled localities is Such that no permanent improvement can be expected in these until the opportunity of drainage is afforded. In the northerly and westerly sections of the city, no outlet for sew- erage matter exists. This must be obtained before lateral sewers can be made useful. In accordance with my recommendation, made a year since, the last city government, by a unanimous vote, authorized the ^^ CITY DOCUMENT— No. 1. diversion of Stony Brook for sewerage purposes below Tre- mont street, and a contract has been made with Messrs. Elizur Barnes and George Clapp, of Dorchester, to finish the same within one year from its date, for the sum of sixty-eight thousand seven hundred and fifty-seven dollars ($68,757). The advantages of this diversion were so fully set forth in my inaugural address of 1865, and also in the lucid report of Mr. W. H. Bradley (this last being City Document No. 2 of that year), that I refrain from further allusion thereto. I ask your examination of those documents; and am happy to say, that after a year's investigation of this matter, and from frequent conversations with scientific and practical men, my opinions therein expressed are not changed, but strengthened. As this city has not the authority to lay sewers through private prop- erty, this privilege will be asked of the next Legislature. If this power be obtained, I recommend that Stony Brook, from the culvert to Orange street, be converted into a sewer, as suggested in the report of Mr. Bradley. I regret being unable to advise the conversion of that por- tion of the brook which is above Orange street, owing to objections made by the Boston Belting Company. I am informed that this company use large quantities of water, for manufacturing purposes, and that the conversion of the brook into a sewer, above Orange street, would prove a serious injury to its business, and most likely end in litigation, thus occasioning long delay. I learn that legal steps have been taken by the Boston Belting Company to stop the entrance df sewerage into the stream above Orange street; and as no other outlet exists, the business of the establishments located in that region must cease, or the means of drainage be pro- vided. I therefore advise that a brick sewer be laid forthwith through portions of Lowell, Washington and Tremont streets having its outlet either into the culvert at Tremont street or into the proposed Stony Brook sewer. MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 19 Gentlemen, — I embrace this opportunity of acknowledging the obligations I am under to my fellow-citizens for my re-elec- tion to the Mayoralty of this city. If in the discharge of the duties of that office, their anticipations are accomplished, my desires will be answered. For the last four years, our civil war has engrossed the thoughts of our people. Our object is attained, and the nation is at peace. The world has never witnessed so sublime a spectacle of love of country and loyalty to government as this struggle has evoked. No sacrifice of life or treasure has been too great for the accomplishment of this object. Those who attempted the destruction of the nation accept the result with better grace than might have been expected. Sectional ani- mosities, prejudice and local traditions, are slowly but surely disappearing, and the day is not far distant when, under the benign influence of Christianity and Commerce, our people will be, re-united, not through the force of arms alone, but in the more holy unity of friendship and love. Let us not forget that for this Happy New Year we are alone indebted to Him who holds the destinies of nations in His hand. May He continue to our favored land the inestimable blessings of Liberty, Union and Peace, through all coming years !