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City Document. — Wo. 2. 
REGULATIONS 



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SCHOOL COMMITTEE 



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€\i^ si |l0^I)urg. 




ADOPTED JANUARY, 1866. 



R O XBU R Y: 

GEORGE H. MONROE, PRINTER, GUILD ROW. 

1 8 G 6 . 



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In School Committee, January 24, 1866. 

Orderei), That three hundred copies of the Rules and Regulations, accom- 
panied by the Course of Studies, the Text-Books allowed in the several 
Schools of the City, and such other matter as they may deem expedient, be 
printed under the direction of the Committee on Regulations for the use of 
the Schools and the Board of School Committee. 

FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Secretary. 



REGULATIONS 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE OF ROXBURY. 



CHAPTER I. 

Organization. 



Section 1. The first meeting of tlie Board shall be 
held on the Wednesday next succeeding the organization 
of the City Government. A Chairman and a Secretary 
shall then be chosen by ballot. 

Sect. 2. There shall also be appointed, at the same 
meeting, or as soon after as practicable, Local Com- 
mittees for the several Schools in the City, to consist of 
three members for the High and each of the Grammar 
Schools, and one member for each Primary School ; a 
Committee on Primary School Teachers, and on Books, 
each consisting of five members, one of whom shall be 
the Chairman of the Board ; a Committee on Rules and 
Regulations, and on Accounts, each consisting of three 
members, and a Committee on Salaries, consisting of 
five members, one from each Ward. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Primary School Teachers to receive the names and ere- 



4 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

dentials of all applicants over eighteen years of age ; to 
examine the qualifications of those present at any regu- 
lar meeting called by the Chairman ; to grant a certifi- 
cate to those who pass a satisfactory examination ; and, 
acting in concert with the Local Committee, to appoint 
a teacher from those examined and approved, to fill a 
vacancy in any Primary School, to be confirmed within 
three months by the Board, on recommendation of the 
Local Committee. The Chairman shall also keep a list 
of all approved applicants, for the use of Local Commit- 
tees in providing substitutes. 

Sect. 4. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Books to propose the text-books to be used in the 
schools, which shall, in all cases, be submitted to the 
Board for approval, but shall not be finally acted upon 
until said books have been before the Board at least one 
week, and not until every member of the Board has been 
supplied for examination with a copy of the book or 
books proposed to be introduced into the schools. Nor 
shall any change of books be allowed, unless the pub- 
lisher of the book proposed to be introduced shall give a 
copy of the same to each pupil, for the one in use by 
such pupil. 

Sect. 6. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Books to provide for the sale of text-books to the pupils 
in the Public Schools, in accordance with the provisions 
of the General Statutes. 

Sect. 6. It shall be the duty of the Committee on 
Salaries to confer with any Committee of the Board of 
Aldermen and Common Council, on the subject of appro- 
priations for the Public Schools, and Report to this Board 
as occasion may require. 

Sect. 7. The Committee on Accounts shall audit all 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 6 

accounts presented for approval by the Board, and two 
members of said Committee shall, in all cases, approve 
and sign each bill before it is paid. 

Sect. 8. Stated Quarterly Meetings of the Board 
shall be held on the Wednesday after the fourth Monday 
in February ; on the first Wednesday in June ; on the 
Wednesday after the last Monday in July, and on the 
Wednesday before Thanksgiving Day. 

Sect. 9. At the second Quarterly Meeting in the 
year, the Teachers of the Public Schools, and also a 
Janitor, shall be elected, and their salaries voted. 

Sect. 10. Seven members shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business. 

Sect. 11. All meetings of the Board shall be held in 
public, except when otherwise ordered by special vote, 
and notice thereof shall be given to all the members at 
least four days previous. 



CHAPTER II. 

Rights and Duties of the Chairman. , 

Sect. 1. The Chairman shall take the chair precisely 
at the hour appointed for the meeting of the Board ; he 
shall call the members to order, and on the appearance 
of a quorum, shall cause the minutes of the preceding 
meeting to be read, and proceed to business. In the 
absence of the Chairman, the Board shall choose a Chair- 
man pro tempore. 

Sect. 2. The Chairman shall call a special meeting 
of the Board whenever he may deem it necessary, or at 
the request in writing of any two members. 



6 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

Sect. 3. He shall appoint all committees, unless the 
Board shall otherwise direct. 

Sect. 4. He shall preserve order in the meetings ; 
he may speak to points of order in preference to other 
members, and shall decide all questions of order, subject 
to an appeal to the Board, on motion of any member. 

Sect. 5. He shall declare all votes ; but if any mem- 
ber doubt a vote, he shall, without further debate upon 
the question, require the members voting to rise and stand 
until they are counted, and he shall declare the result. 

Sect. 6. The Chairman may call any member to the 
chair, provided that, such substitution shall not continue 
longer than one meeting. When the Board shall deter- 
mine to go into Committee of the "Whole, he shall 
appoint the member who shall take the chair. He may 
express his opinion on any subject under debate ; but in 
such case he shall leave the chair, and appoint some 
other member to take it, and he shall not resume the 
chair while the same question is pending. He may 
state facts, and give his opinion on questions of order, 
without lea;Ving his place. 

Sect. 7. When any member shall require a question 
to be taken by Yeas and Nays, the Chairman shall take 
the sense of the Board in that manner. 

Sect. 8. After a motion has been stated by the 
Chairman, it shall be disposed of by a vote of the 
Board, unless the mover withdraw it before a decision 
or an amendment. 

Sect. 9. The Chairman shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order, unless a member has posses- 
sion of the floor, or a question has been put and not 
decided ; and said motion to adjourn shall be decided 
without debate. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 7 

Sect. 10. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form : " Shall the main question be now put ?" 
and all amendments or further debate of the main ques- 
tion shall be suspended, until the previous question shall 
have been decided ; and the main question shall not 
be put unless ordered by a majority of the members 
present. 

Sect. 11. When two or more members rise at the 
same time, the Chairman shall name the member who is 
first to speak. 



CHAPTER III. 

Duties of the Secretary. 

Sect. 1. The Secretary shall have charge of the 
records of the Board, and of all papers directed by them 
to be kept on his files ; he shall keep a fair and full 
record of all the proceedings of the Board ; shall notify 
all stated and special meetings ; shall notify the Chair- 
man of any committee appointed, stating the commission, 
and the names of the members ; shall notify the meet- 
ings of all committees when requested by their Chair- 
man ; shall notify the instructors of their appointments, 
and shall give other notices as the Board may require, 
and act as one of the Committee on Accounts of the 
Board. 

Sect. 2. He shall prepare the annual report required 
by the statute of the Commonwealth. 



8 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

CHAPTER IV. 

Rights and Duties of Members. 

Sect. 1. When any member is about to speak in 
debate, or to deliver any matter to the Board, he shall 
rise in his place, and respectfully address the Chairman ; 
shall confine himself to the question in debate, and avoid 
personality. 

Sect. 2. No member, in debate, shall notice another 
member by his name ; but may describe him by the 
Ward he represents, the place he sits in, or such other 
designation as may be intelligible and respectful. 

Sect. 3. No member speaking shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising to call to order, or to correct a 
mistake. If any member, in speaking or otherwise, 
transgress the rules of the Board, the Chairman shall, or 
any member may, call him to order ; in which case the 
member so called to order shall immediately sit down, 
unless permitted to explain ; and the Board, if appealed 
to, shall decide on the case, without debate. 

Sect. 4. When a motion is made, it shall be con- 
sidered by the Board ; and when a question is under 
debate, no motion shall be received but to adjourn — to 
lay on the table ■^— for the previous question — to post- 
pone to a day certain — to commit — to amend — or to 
postpone indefinitely ; which several motions shall have 
precedence in the order in which they stand. 

Sect. 5. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the Chairman or any member of the Board request it. 

Sect. 6. After a motion has been decided, it shall be in 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 9 

order for any member to move a reconsideration. In case 
the motion be made at the same meeting, it shall be com- 
petent for a majority of the members present to pass a vote 
of reconsideration ; but if it be made at a subsequent 
meeting, the subject shall not be reconsidered unless a 
majority of all the members of the Board vote therefor. 
No more than one motion for the reconsideration of any 
vote shall be permitted. 

Sect. 7. Every member present, when a question is 
put, shall give his vote, unless the Board, for special 
reasons, excuse him. 

Sect. 8. On the "previous question" no member 
shall speak more than once, without leave of the Board ; 
and no member shall speak longer than ten minutes at 
any one time upon any question under consideration, 
unless by special permission of the Board. 

Sect. 9. When the reading of a paper is called for, 
and the same is objected to by any member, it shall be 
determined by a vote of the Board. 

Sect. 10. All proposed amendments to the Regula- 
tions shall lie over until the next meeting. Any rule 
may be suspended, for the time being, by a vote of two 
thirds of the members present. 



CHAPTER y. 

Duties of Local Committees. 

Sect. 1. The Local Committees shall visit their 
respective Schools at least once a month, and oftener if 
convenient. 

Sect. 2. The Local Committees shall give their 

2 



10 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

advice to the instructors on any emergency, and take 
cognizance of any difficulty which may have occurred 
between the instructors and parents or guardians of 
pupils, or between the teachers themselves, relative to 
the government or instruction of the school. An appeal, 
however, to the whole Board is not hereby denied to any 
citizen or instructor. 

Sect. 3. The several Chairmen of the Local Com- 
mittees of the High and Grammar Schools shall be the 
organs of communication between said committees and 
the schools ; but shall not act on any matter of interest 
to the school, without the sanction of a majority of the 
Local Committee. 

Sect. 4. In case of a vacancy in the office of Prin- 
cipal or Assistant in the High, or Principal in the 
Grammar Schools, nomination and election for the place 
shall be made by the Board. 

Sect. 5. In case of a vacancy in the Grammar 
Schools, in the place of any teacher other than the Prin- 
cipal, the Chairman of the Board, with the Local Com- 
mittee of the School in which such vacancy exists, shall 
examine the qualifications of candidates, and from the 
list of those who shall pass a satisfactory examination, 
the Local Committee shall appoint one as a teacher pro 
tempore ; which appointment shall be submitted to the 
Board at the first ensuing Quarterly Meeting for approval. 
And no such teacher shall be appointed by the Board 
until he or she shall have been examined as aforesaid, 
and shall have received a satisfactory certificate thereof. 
The masters, or heads of departments, shall be consulted 
in the appointment of their assistants. 

Sect. 6. In case of a vacancy in the place of a 
teacher of any Primary School, it shall be the duty of 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 11 

the Local Committee to give immediate notice thereof to 
the Committee on Primary School Teachers, and with 
their co-operation fill such vacancy. 

Sect. 7. In addition to these specific duties of the 
Local Committees, it shall be their duty, generally, to 
make any temporary arrangements which they may find 
necessary, relative to their schools, or the convenience of 
the instructors, in cases not provided for by the general 
regulations. 

Sect. 8. Although the interest of the schools demands 
Local Committees, yet each member of the Board shall 
consider it his duty to watch over all the Public Schools 
in the city, to attend their examinations, and to visit 
them at other times so far as practicable. 

Sect. 9. No teacher, or other person in the employ 
of the School Committee, shall purchase anything at the 
expense of the City, without a written order from the 
Local Committee of the school for which such purchase 
is to be made ; or, in his or their absence or inability, 
from the Chairman or Secretary of the Board ; and all 
bills for repairs, books, and furniture, shall be approved 
by the Committee on Accounts. 

Sect. 10. No part of the premises occupied by the 
Public Schools shall, in any case, be used for any other 
purpose than that for which they are now used, except- 
ing by a vote of the Board of School Committee. 

Extract from Ordinance No. 22, relating to Expenditures for Schools. 

" Sect. 3. The Committee on Public Property shall cause all necessary 
repairs to be made in and upon the several school houses and the grounds 
attached thereto, belonging to the City, and provide all necessary articles 
for the comfort and convenience of the schools (with the exception of fuel) 
that may be deemed necessary. 

Provided, The School Committee may make any necessary repairs and 
provide all articles that they may deem necessary lor the comfort and con- 



12 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

venience of the schools, whenever such repairs or supplies shall not exceed 
the sum of fifty dollars in any one instance." 

Sect. 11. No expenditure, under the provisions of 
the above-named Ordinance (so far as it relates to the 
School Committee), shall be authorized unless specially 
voted by the Board, exceeding ten dollars in any one 
instance, except it be for books for teachers or indigent 
scholars, for other articles for the use of the schools, or 
for repairs. 



REaUL A.TIOISF S. 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS 



CHAPTER I. 

Teachers. 



Sect. 1. All the teachers shall be responsible to the 
Board for the faithful discharge of their duties. They 
shall punctually observe the hours for opening and dis- 
missing the school, and during school hours shall devote 
themselves to the public service. 

Sect. 2. When any teacher is reported as very de- 
ficient by the Quarterly Examining Committee, and 
placed on probation by order of the Board, the Secretary 
shall notify such teacher of the fact, and state the de- 
ficiency reported. Any teacher who shall persist in 
violating the rules of this Board, shall be put on proba- 
tion by the Local Committee ; or, in their absence, by 
the Chairman, who shall report the delinquency at the 
next meeting of the Board. 

Sect. 3. The morning exercises of all the schools 
shall be commenced by reading from the Holy Scrip- 



14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

tures ; and it is recommended the same be followed by 
the Lord's Prayer. 

Sect. 4. The teachers shall open the school-rooms of 
their respective schools for the reception of scholars, at 
least fifteen minutes before the time prescribed for com- 
mencing each session ; and shall commence and close the 
exercises of the schools punctually at the prescribed 
hours. 

Sect. 5. The teachers shall give their scholars con- 
stant employment, and endeavor, by judicious and diver- 
sified modes, to rendefr the exercises of the school pleasant 
as well as profitable to them ; — they shall maintain firm, 
prudent, and vigilant discipline, having due regard to the 
temperament and physical condition of their pupils ; and 
shall govern by persuasive and gentle measures as far as 
practicable. They shall never resort to corporal punish- 
ment unless other means of influencing the pupils shall 
have failed ; and, when deemed necessary, it shall be 
administered with judgment, and without undue severity. 
As far as practicable, they shall also exercise a general 
inspection over their scholars, as well out of as within 
the school, and on all suitable occasions inculcate upon 
them the principles of truth and virtue. 

Sect. 6. The teachers shall keep a register, in which 
shall be recorded the daily attendance of each scholar, 
the progress which their classes make in the various text- 
books, and such notes of the class exercises as will 
give a view of the advancement and standing of each 
scholar. These records shall be open to the inspection 
of the School Committee. 

Sect. 7. The Principals of the Grammar Schools are 
authorized, under the direction of the Local Committees, 
to make such classification of their respective schools, 



SCHOOL EEGULATIONS. 15 

and such regulations for the discipline and government 
thereof (not in violation of the regulations of this Board), 
as they may deem expedient. It shall be their duty to 
examine the pupils under the care of the assistant teach- 
ers in said schools for the semi-annual promotions, and as 
often, at other times, as they can consistently with proper 
attention to those who are under their immediate charge. 

Sect. 8. The teachers of the several Grammar Schools 
shall impart oral instruction to their pupils at stated times, 
by assigning topics for their consideration, referring them 
to approved works for information, questioning them upon 
the themes assigned, and communicating such informa- 
tion thereon as they may think necessary. These exer- 
cises shall take place as frequently as may be thought 
practicable by the Local Committee and teachers. A 
list of the topics shall be open to the inspection of the 
Examining Committee. 

Sect. 9. In all the classes of the High and Grammar 
Schools (provided the pupils are able to write a fair, 
legible hand), the teachers shall require, at least once in 
two weeks, regular exercises in Composition, to consist 
of Essays, Letters, Descriptions, Abstracts of Lessons, or 
Exercises from " Tower's Grammar of Composition," 
according to the age and capacity of the pupils. These 
exercises shall be corrected by the teachers, and pre- 
served in their original form with the corrections and 
their dates respectively, in books to be inspected by the 
Committee, as evidence of the proficiency of the pupils 
in penmanship, punctuation, use of capitals, spelling, and 
the grammatical construction of sentences. In the High 
School, and the first divisions of the Grammar Schools, 
there shall also be regular exercises in declamation by 
the boys. 



16 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

Sect. 10. In the Grammar Schools, no lesson shall 
be assigned for study out of the regular school hours ; 
and in all the schools, except the High School, the pro- 
gramme of daily study shall be arranged, and the time 
apportioned, so that the lessons assigned may be prepared 
in school, and not remain for study out of school. Of 
the pupils in the High School, a moderate amount of 
study out of school may be required. The programme of 
study shall be open to the inspection of the Local and 
Examining Committees. 

Sect. 11. When the example of any pupil is very 
injurious, the Local Committee shall have power to sus- 
pend such pupil from the school ; but no pupil shall be 
expelled from any school, except by vote of the Board. 
Any child who, having been suspended, shall have ex- 
pressed to the teacher regret for such misdemeanor, as 
openly and implicitly as the nature of the case may 
require, and shall have given evidences of reformation, 
shall, with the previous consent of said Local Committee, 
be reinstated in the privileges of the school. 

Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the teachers to take 
good care of the apartments of the public buildings which 
they occupy, and of the appurtenances thereof, that there 
may be no unnecessary injury sustained by them ; also 
to give vigilant attention to the ventilation and tempera- 
ture of their school-rooms, particularly at each recess, 
during physical exercises, and at the end of each school 
session, before the house shall be closed. 

Sect. 13. No subscription or contribution, for any 
purpose whatever, shall be allowed by the teachers in 
any public school. Nor shall they entertain any propo- 
sal from agents or venders of any kind during school 
hours. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 17 

Sect. 14. Teachers may, by permission of the Local 
Committee, and under direction of the principal, take 
half a day each term for visiting such other school 
in this city, or in the vicinity, as may be designated, 
and the name of the school thus visited shall be entered 
in the teacher's register, with the date of the visit, and 
returned to the committee on the quarterly abstract. 

Sect, 15. When a teacher shall be obliged from 
sickness, or any other urgent cause, to leave a division 
or school temporarily, so as to require a substitute, such 
teacher shall seasonably notify the proper Local Com- 
mittee, who shall provide a substitute, to be selected as 
far as practicable from the list of approved applicants in 
the hands of the Committee on Primary School Teachers, 
and the salary shall be at least two-thirds of that paid to 
the teacher of the division, and such teacher, after the 
expiration of one month's absence as above, shall relin- 
quish her entire salary, the portion not paid to the sub- 
stitute to remain in the treasury. 

Sect. 16. No teacher shall be allowed to relinquish 
the charge of his or her school without giving at least 
three weeks' notice to the Local Committee ; and in 
ordinary cases no teacher shall be required to give up 
the charge of his or her school without having received 
at least three weeks' notice to that effect. 

Sect. 17. Teachers are required to make object- 
teaching, vocal music, vocal drill, and physical exercises, 
regular exercises of the school. 

Sect. 18. The Principal of the High and of each of 
the Grammar Schools shall respectively submit, at the 
close of the Summer Term, an annual report in writing, 
giving his or her view of the state, progress, and wants 
of each division of the school during the year. 
3 



18 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

Sect. 19. Teachers shall in no case sell to pupils 
school books, or any other articles, unless authorized by 
the Committee on Books. 



CHAPTER II. 

Pupils. 

Sect. 1. All children of the age of five years and up- 
wards, residing within the limits of this city, shall, on 
application to the proper Local Committee, have free ad- 
mission to such Public Schools as, in the opinion of said 
Committee, they may be qualified by age, attainments, 
and residence, to enter. 

Sect. 2. No child shall be admitted into any of the 
Public Schools without a certificate from a physician of 
vaccination, or protection otherwise from the contagion of 
small-pox ; and such certificate shall be kept on file by 
the teacher, until the transfer of the scholar to another 
school. 

Sect. 3. Children of the age of eight years and up- 
wards, who pass a satisfactory examination in the read- 
ing books used in the Primary Schools, in spelling words 
selected from the reading lessons and from the spelling- 
book used in the Primary Schools, in explaining the use 
of the marks of punctuation, in enunciating clearly and 
accurately the elementary sounds of our language, in 
writing words in script hand upon the slate, in reading 
and writing Arabic numbers containing four figures, and 
in the Arithmetic used in Primary Schools, shall be en- 
titled to admission into the Grammar Schools. Children 
above eight years of age, though not possessing the 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 19 

requisite qualifications, may be admitted into the Gram- 
mar Schools by special permission from the Local Com- 
mittees. 

Examinations of pupils for admission into the Gram- 
mar Schools shall be made by the Principals or Assistant 
Teachers thereof during the last week of the Second and 
Fourth Terms, at the several Primary Schools or at the 
Grammar Schools to which they are to be admitted ; and 
no pupils shall be transferred from the Primary Schools 
to Grammar Schools except at those times. 

Pupils shall attend schools in the district where they 
reside. 

The examination for admission into the High School 
shall take place during the last week of the Second 
Term. Pupils who have reached the age of twelve 
years, and shall present a certificate of good moral char- 
acter, and of presumed literary qualifications, from the 
Principal of the school which they last attended, and 
shall pass a satisfactory examination in the following 
studies, viz. : — Spelling, Reading, Writing, English 
Grammar, Arithmetic, Modern Geography, and the His- 
tory of the United States, shall be regarded by the 
School Committee as qualified to enter the High School. , 

Sect. 4. No pupil, whilst under sentence of suspen- 
sion from one school, shall be admitted to the privileges 
of another, unless by a vote of this Board. 

Sect. 5. In the Grammar Schools, during each ses- 
sion, there shall be a recess of ten or fifteen minutes for 
every pupil ; and in the Primary Schools of from fifteen 
to twenty minutes, — excepting as provided for in Chap. 
3, Sect. 2, of these Regulations. 

Sect. 6. Pupils shall be prompt and punctual at 
school, and shall not absent themselves therefrom except 



20 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

on account of sickness or other urgent reason ; and no 
request for absence shall be deemed valid, unless it be a 
written or personal one from parent or guardian. Every 
pupil entering after the time prescribed for the com- 
mencement of school, shall be marked tardy ; and when- 
ever any pupil shall absent himself or herself for two 
weeks in succession, such pupil shall be considered no 
longer a member of the school. But a reasonable excuse 
offered by a parent or guardian for the absence or tardi- 
ness of a pupil, shall exempt the pupil from the penalty 
awarded for such delinquency. 



CHAPTER III. 

Periods of Instruction. 

Sect. 1. There shall be four Terms in the year. The 
^rst shall begin on the Monday after the fourth Monday 
in February.* 

The second shall begin on the Monday after the last 
Wednesday in May.f 

The third shall begin on the first Monday in Septem- 
ber.! 

The fourth shall begin on the Monday after Thanks- 
giving Day. 

Sect. 2. The Grammar and Primary schools shall be 
kept three hours in the forenoon and three in the after- 
noon of each day, excepting Sundays and the holidays 
and vacations hereinafter specified, and except that from 

♦March 5. | June 4. J September 3. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 21 

the third Monday in October to the third Monday in Feb- 
ruary the schools may omit the afternoon recess, and shall 
close at four o'clock. The morning session shall begin 
at eight o'clock from the first day of May to the end of 
the Summer Term; at other times at nine o'clock. The 
afternoon session shall begin at two o'clock. The High 
School shall have one session daily, with the exceptions 
above mentioned, which shall begin at nine o'clock in 
the morning and close at two in the afternoon, except 
that from the first Monday in May to the end of the 
Summer Term, it shall begin at eight in the morning and 
close at one in the afternoon. Scholars may, however, 
be detained, for delinquencies or discipline, a reasonable 
time after the regular school hours. 

Sect. 3. When the weather is very stormy, the 
schools may, with the consent of a member of the Local 
Committee first obtained, have one session. In such cases 
the Grammar Schools shall close at two o'clock in the 
afternoon and the Primary Schools at one, when the 
Schools begin at nine in the morning, and one hour earlier 
when they begin at eight. 

Sect. 4. There shall be the following Vacations: 

1. One week commencing on the fourth Monday in 
February.* 

2. One week commencing on the Monday before the 
last Wednesday in May.f 

3. Six weeks next preceding the first Monday in Sep- 
tember.! 

4. One week commencing on the Monday before 
Thanksgiving Day. 

Sect. 5. The following holidays and half holidays 

* February 26. f May 28. J July 23. 



22 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

shall be granted alike to all the schools : — Wednesday 
and Saturday afternoons ; New Year's Day; Washing- 
ton's Birth-Day; Fast day; May Day ; Independence 
Day, and Christmas Day ; also the forenoon of the Satur- 
day following either of the above holidays which may be 
celebrated on a Friday. No holiday not herein specified 
shall be given except by a vote of the Board, or by a 
written certificate signed by at least ten members of the 
School Committee ; and in such case it shall be given 
alike to all the schools in the city. 

Sect. 6. The Norfolk County Convention of Teachers 
may be attended by all the teachers belonging to the 
schools in this city, for which purpose their respective 
schools may be dismissed ; it being understood, however, 
that this permission is not granted except to those teach- 
ers who actually attend said Convention. 



CHAPTER IV. 

Examinations. 

Sect. 1. Quarterly. The Chairman, or some mem- 
ber or members of the Board designated by him, shall 
visit and examine every Public School in the city, at 
least once each quarter, without giving previous notice 
to the teachers, according to the provisions of the Statute. 
It shall be the duty of this Committee to obtain accurate 
information of the condition of each school, and at the 
next quarterly meeting make a report to the Board, in 
ivriting, of their examination and its results, of the con- 
dition of the- school-houses, and of any occurrences affect- 
ing the standing and usefulness of the schools. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 23 

Sect. 2. Annual. During the last two weeks of the 
first term, a committee of seven members of the Board 
shall examine the High and Grammar Schools, and a 
committee of five members shall examine the Primary- 
Schools in the city, and report upon the same at the next 
quarterly meeting of the Board. 

Sect. 3. All reports of the examinations of the several 
schools shall be duly filed according to their dates, and 
shall not be taken from the custody of the Secretary, 
except by permission of the Board. 



CHAPTER V. 

Books and Studies. 

Sect. 1. The exercises, studies, and text-books 
authorized in the Primary Schools, shall be the fol- 
lowing : — 

FIRST YEAR. 

1. Charts, and Sargent's Primer, second series; 

2. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words; 

3. Oral Instruction ; 

4. Exercises on the Slate ; 

5. Singing. 

SECOND TEAR. 

1. Sargent's First Reader (Sargent's Second Reader), second 

series ; 

2. Spelling, from the Reader and Sargent's Pronouncing 

Spelling-Book ; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

4. Marks of Punctuation ; 



24 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

5. Arithmetical Cards; 

6. Reading and Writing Arabic Numbers ; 

7. Exercises on the Slate ; 

8. Oral Instruction ; 

9. Singing. 

THIRD YEAR. 

1. Sargent's Second Reader, second series; 

2. Spelling, from the Reader and Sargent's Pronouncing 

Spelling-Book ; 

3. Enunciating the elementary sounds of letters and words ; 

4. Eaton's Primary School Arithmetic ; 

5. Geography, taught orally (Cornell's Primary); 

6. Oral Instruction ; 

7. Writing words in script-hand, and other exercises on the 

Slate ; 

8. Singing. 

Sect. 2. The studies pursued and the text-books 
authorized in the Grammar Schools shall be the fol- 
lowing : — 

FIRST YEAR. 

1. Reading — Sargent's Third Reader, second series; 

2. Spelling — The Reader, and Sargent's Speller; 

3. Mental Arithmetic — Colburn's First Lessons ; 
4 Geography — Cornell's Primary; 

5. Penmanship. 

SECOND YEAR. 

1. Reading — Sargent's Third Reader, second series; 

2. Spelling — Continued ; 

3. Defining — Worcester's and Webster's Dictionaries ; 

4. Mental Arithmetic — Continued; 

5. Written Arithmetic — Greenleafs Common School; 

6. Geography — Cornell's Primary, and Grammar School ; 

7. Penmanship and Drawing. 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 25 



THIRD YEAR. 

1 Reading — Sargent's Third and Fourth Readers, second 
series ; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued ; . 

3. Geography — Cornell's Grammar School ; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Tower's Common School ; 

6. Penmanship, Map-Drawing {Drawing — Continued). 

FOURTH YEAR. 

1. Reading — Sargent's Fourth Reader, second series; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued; 

3. Geography — Continued ; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued; 

5. Grammar — Continued; 

6. Composition — Tower's Grammar of ; 

7. History — Quackenbos's United States ; 

8. Penmanship, Map-Drawing [Drawing — Continued). 

FIFTH YEAR. 

1. Reading — Sargent's Fifth Reader, second series; 

2. Spelling and Defining — Continued; 

3. Geography — Continued; 

4. Mental and Written Arithmetic — Continued ; 

5. Grammar — Continued ; 

6. Composition — Continued ; / 

7. History — Continued : 

8. Penmanship , Map-Drawing [Drawing — Continued); 

9. Book-Keepi?ig — Hanaford and Payson's (by the Boys); 
10. Declamation — (By the Boys). 

Sect. 3. The studies pursued and the text-books 
authorized in the High School, shall be the following : 

FIRST YEAR. 

1 . Review of Preparatory Studies ; 



n CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

2. Arithmetic — Greenleaf's National, and Colbuni's First 

Lessons ; 

3. Algebra — Sherwin's ; 

4. Geography — Zornlin's Physical ; 

5. History — Quackenbos's, finished; Worcester's, commen- 

ced; 

6. Physiology — Coming's, commenced ; 

7. Grammar — Tower's Common School; 

8. Composition and Rhetoric — Quackenbos's ; 

9. French — Otto's Grammar, Le Grand-Pere; 

10. Penmanship ; 

11. Drawing; 

12. English Literature. 

SECOND YEAE. 

1. History — Worcester's, finished; 

2. Algebra — Sherwin's; 

3. Geometry — Legendre's ; 

4. Composition and Rhetoric — Quackenbos's, continued ; 

5. English Literature and Biography — Cleveland's Com- 

pendium ; 

6. French — Le Grand-Pere; 

7. Book-Keeping — Hitchcock's ; 

8. Constitution of the United States — Sheppard's ; 

9. Latin — (Voluntary) ; 
10. Drawitig. 

THIRD YEAR. 

1. Algebra and Geometry — Finished; 

2. Trigonometry, with its applications to Surveying, 

Navigation, Mensuration, S^c; 

3. French — Continued ; 

4. Natural Philosophy ; 

5. Astronomy — Olmstead's ; 

6. Moral Philosophy — Wayland's ; 

7. Rhetoric — Finished; 

8. English Literatue ; 



SCHOOL REGULATIONS. 27 

9. Latin ; 

10. Botany; 

11. Drawing. 

For the pupils who continue in the school the fourth 
year, the course of study shall be as follows : — 

1. Latin; 

2. French ; 

3. Mental Philosophy ; 

4. Moral Philosophy ; 

5. Chemistry, Geology, Mineralogy, S^c; 

6. English Literature — Standard Authors ; 

7. Drawing; 

8. Review of Grammar School studies, with special refer- 

ence to teaching. 

The several classes shall have weekly exercises in 
Composition, Reading or Declamation. 

The Instructors shall pay particular attention to the 
Penmanship of the pupils, and give constantly such in- 
struction in Spelling, Reading and English Grammar, as 
they think necessary to make their pupils familiar with 
the fundamental branches of a good education. 

Military drill shall constitute one of the regular exer- 
cises for the boys, and the girls shall receive instruction 
in gymnastics or calisthenics. 

Sect. 4. Scholars requiring books shall be directed 
by their teacher to provide them. If not so provided 
within three days, the teacher shall notify the parent or 
guardian, in writing., of the book required, and in case 
of his neglect to provide it within two days thereafter, 
shall then make a requisition upon the Local Committee, 
in which shall be expressed the name of such scholar, 
the name of the parent or guardian, and the name of the 
book ; and it shall be the duty of the Local Committee 



28 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

thereupon to furnish the book, and make return thereof, 
according to law, to the Assessors of the City. 



CHAPTER VI. 

Morals — Encouragement of Literature. 

The attention of teachers is particularly directed to 
the following from the General Statutes and Constitu- 
tion of the Commonwealth: — 

General Statutes, Chap. 38, § 10. It shall be the duty of the president, 
professors and tutors of the University of Cambridge, and of the several 
colleges, and of all preceptors and teachers of academies, and all other in- 
structors of youth, to exert their best endeavors to impress on the minds 
of children and youth, committed to their care and instruction, the prin- 
ciples of piety, justice, and a sacred regard to truth, love to their 
country, humanity and universal benevolence, sobriety, industry and fru- 
gality, chastity, moderation and temperance, and those other virtues which 
are the ornament of human society, and the basis upon which a republican 
constitution is founded ; and it shall be the duty of such instructors to 
endeavor to lead their pupils, as their ages and capacities will admit, into 
a clear understanding of the tendency of the above-mentioned virtues to 
preserve and perfect a republican constitution, and secure the blessings of 
liberty, as well as to promote their future happiness, and also to point out 
to them the evil tendency of the opposite vices. 

Constitution, Chap. 5, ^ 2. Wisdom and knowledge, as well as virtue, 
diffused generally among the body of the people, being necessary for the 
preservation of their rights and liberties ; and as these depend on spread- 
ing the opportunities and advantages of education in the various parts of 
the country, and among the different orders of the people, it shall be the 
duty of legislators and magistrates, in all future periods of this Common- 
wealth, to cherish the interests of literature and the sciences, and all 
Bettiiuaries of them, especially the University at Cambridge, public schools 
and grammar schools in the towns ; to encourage private societies and 
public institutions, rewards and immunities for the promotion of agri- 
culture, arts, sciences, commerce, trades, manufactures, and a natural 
history of the country ; to countenance and inculcate the principles of 
humanity and general benevolence, public and private charity, industry 



SCHOOL EEGULATIONS. 29 

and frugality, honesty and punctuality in their dealings ; sincerity, good 
humor, and all social affections and generous sentiments among the 
people. 



CHAPTER VII. 

Duties of the Janitor. 

Sect. 1. Tlie Janitor shall have charge of all the 
school-houses of the city, and the furniture therein, and 
see that everything about them, and the outbuildings 
and yards connected, are kept in a neat and tidy manner, 
and that nothing from neglect be allowed to suffer or go 
to ruin. 

Sect. 2. He shall have the care of the Committee- 
Room, be in attendance at all the meetings of the Com- 
mittee, serve all notices issued by the Chairman or 
Secretary of the Board relating to the meetings of the 
Committee, or of the Sub- Committees thereof at the 
request of any member. 

Sect. 3. He shall attend to the purchase of any 
article of supply or furniture used in the schools, at the 
request of any teacher, properly vouched for. He shall 
also hold himself in readiness to perform any reasonable 
errand or service relating to the schools not specially laid 
down. 

Sect. 4. He shall be responsible for the making of 
fires in all the school-houses, see that they are properly 
kept up, and that the fuel is used in an economical man- 
ner, and every precaution taken against accident by fire. 

Sect. 5. He shall also have the sole care of sweeping 
all the rooms, and dusting the same ; and at least once a 



30 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

year cause the paint, floors, windows, etc., of each school- 
room to be washed. He shall furnish the Committee on 
Accounts with the original bills, as vouchers, for pur- 
chases, repairs, and all other expenses incurred by him 
in the discharge of his duties. 



JONAS PIERCE, JR., Janitor, 

Residence, Washington Place (first house on the right). 



WOTE TO TEACHERS. 

As articles which may be needed for the scjiools cannot be 
purchased without written orders from Local Committees,*' teachers 
will perceive the necessity of procuring such orders, when they 
desire to have anything purchased for the use of the schools at the 
expense of the city. All such orders, if the teachers prefer, 
may be given to the Janitor, or deposited in his box in the Post 
Office,! ^s it is his duty, in such cases, to see that the articles 
needed are purchased and promptly delivered. 

* See Sec. 9 of Chap. 5, on page 11. 
t Box 336. 



BOUND JLKIES 



GRAMMAR SCHOOLS. 



DUDLEY SCHOOL— GIRLS. 

Beginning at Boston line, on the westerly side of 
Washington Street ; thence running on said westerly- 
side of Washington Street to Warren Street ; thence the 
westerly side of Warren Street to Dorchester line ; 
thence by said Dorchester line, and the line of West 
Koxbury, to School Street ; thence the easterly side of 
School Street to Centre Street ; thence the easterly side 
of Centre Street to Highland Street ; thence through 
Highland Street, both sides (including Courts and 
Avenues running from Highland Street on the West), 
to Eliot Square ; thence across Eliot Square to Gay 
Street ; thence through Gay Street to Linden Park ; 
thence through Linden Park, both sides, to Cabot Street ; 
thence through Cabot Street, both sides, to Ruggles 
Street ; thence the easterly side of Cabot Street to Bos- 
ton line. 

WASHINGTON" SCHOOL -BOYS. 

Beginning at Boston line, on the westerly side of 
Washington Street ; thence running on said westerly 
side of Washington Street to Warren Street ; thence the 
westerly side of Warren Street to Dorchester line ; 
thence by said Dorchester line, and the line of West 
Roxbury, to School Street ; thence the easterly side of 



32 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 

School Street to Centre Street; thence the east side of 
Centre Street to Eliot Square ; thence across Eliot 
Square to High Street; thence the east and north side 
of High Street to Orange Street ; thence the south end 
side of Orange Street to Stony Brook.; thence the right 
bank of Stony Brook to the Boston and Providence Rail- 
road ; thence the east side of said Railroad to Boston 
line. 

DEARBORN SCHOOL — BOTH SEXES. 

Beginning at Boston line, on the easterly side of 
Washington Street ; thence running on said easterly side 
of Washington Street to Warren Street ; thence the east- 
erly side of Warren Street to Dorchester line ; all the 
territory within the City of Roxbury to the east of the 
above-mentioned lines shall constitute said District. 

COMINS SCHOOL -BOTH SEXES. 

That for Girls to be bounded on the east by the Dud- 
ley School District ; that for the Boys to be bounded on 
the east by the Washington School District ; and all the 
territory within the city west of said Dudley and Wash- 
ington School Districts, except the district hereinafter 
named as the Francis Street Grammar School District, 
shall constitute said Comins School District. 

FRANCIS ST. GRAMMAR SCHOOL — BOTH SEXES. 

Commencing at that part of Washington Street at the 
junction of Francis Street ; thence on the south side of 
Washington Street (including Hillside and Heath Street 
to Cross Street) to Brookline line : which district is to 
include Appleton and Oakland Places, and all the terri- 
tory to the north and west of said point on Washington 
Street. 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE, 1866. 



ELECTED AT LARGE. 

WILLIAM A. CRAFTS; Washington, near Francis Street; 
HORATIO G. MORSE, 65 Zeigler Street; 
J. WARREN TUCK, Rockland Avenue. 

ELECTED BY WARDS. 

Ward 1. — Franklin Williams, Winslow, cor. Union street; 

Jambs Morse, Dearborn Place. 
" 2.— B. P. Bronson, Belmont Street ; 

George Warren, Washington Street. 
" 3— Timothy R. Nute, 163 Dudley Street; 

George M. Hobbs, Appleton Place. 
4. — George H. Monroe, Linwood Street ; 

James Waldock, Alleghany Street. 
« 5. — Edwin Ray, 121 Warren Street; 

Moody Merrill, 2 Warren Place. 

EDWIN RAY, Chairman. 
FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Secretary. 



STANDINa COMMITTEES. 

Regulations. — Messrs. Hobbs, Merrill, Williams. 

Salaries. — Messrs. Merrill, Waldock, Nute, Bronson, James 
Morse. 

Accounts. — Messrs. Williams, Warren, Monroe. 

Books. — Messrs. Ray (ear. off.), Crafts, Monroe, Hobba, 
Bronson. 

Examination of Primary School Teachers. — Messrs. Ray 
{ex. off.), H. G. Morse, Tuck, Crafts, Bronson. 
5 



34 



CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 



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36 



CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 2. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

[Each for both Sexes. Salary, first year, $400 ; second year, $425 ; afterwards, $450.] 



Location. 



Teachers. 



Committees. 



Ward I. George St., 



Yeoman St., 



«« EustisSt., 



Ward II. Vernon St., 



Sudbury St. 



" Franklin PI. 



" Avon Place, 

" Mill Dam, 
Ward III. Orange St., 

" TremontSt. 
" Cottage PI. 



Smith St., 

" Francis St., 
Ward IV. Heath St., 

" Centre St., 

" Edinboro'St 

Ward V. MunroeSt., 
" WinthropSt 

" Elm St., 

" Parker St., 



1st Division 

2d 

3d 

4th " 

Ist " 

2d 

3d 

4th " 

Ist " 

2d 

3d 

4th " 

1st " 

2d 

3d 

4th 

Isfc 

2d 

3d 

4th " 

1st 

2d 

3d 

1st " 

2d 

1st 

2d 

1st 

2d 

3d 

4th " 

1st 

2d 

1st 

2d 

1st 

2d 

1st " 

2d 

1st 

2d 

1st " 

2d 



Susan H. Blaisdell. 
Mary M. Sherwin. 
Clara L. Davis. 
Clara L. Hewes 
Lizzie M. Wood. 
Anna M. Balch. 
Susan F. Rowe. 
Huldah R. Clark. 
Mary F. Neal. . 
Emma C. Wales. 
Mary L. Walker. 

Clara H. L. Balch 

Clara A. Carlton 

Susannah L. Durant 

Catherine F. Mayall 

Abby S. Oliver. . 

Annie G. Fillebrown 

Olive E. Emery. . 

Cornelia J. Bills. . 

Mary E. Gardner. 

Eunice C. Atwood. 

Helen A. Bradley. 

Emma A. Parker. 

Sarah J. Davis. 

Adeline E. Reed. . 

Nellie M. Calkins. 

Martha H. Horn. . 

Emily B. Eliot. . 

Carrie L. Bicknell. 

Sarah W. Holbrook 

Anna M. Stone. . 

Mattie L. Richardson 

Lizzie L. Cotton . 

Anna M. Eaton. . 

Anna E. Clark. 

Elizabeth M. Hall. 

J. B. LaAvrence. 

Harriet Maccarty. 
Henrietta M. Wood 
Mary A. Morse. . 
Emily L. Wilson . 
Lillie H. Bowman. 
Almira B. Russell. 
Frances N. Brooks. 

Eliza J. Goss. . . 
Anne E. Boynton . 
Fannie H.C. Bradley 
Sarah E. Haskins. 



H. G. Morse. 



Williams. 



James Morse 



Tuck. 



Warren. 



Bronson, 



Br on son. 

Warren . 
Waldock. 

Crafts. 
Nute. 



Hobbs. 

Crafts. 
Waldock. 

Monroe. 

Monroe. 

Merrill. 
Ray. 

Merrill. 

Hobbs.