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City Document. — JVo. 3.
COMMITTEE ON POLICE
^uh anb llepla&H
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE
POLICE OF ROXBURY.
R OXBTJ RY:
GEORGE H. MONROE, PRINTER, GUILD ROW.
18 6 6.
Cits 0^ Ito^hrg,
In Board of Aldermen, Jan. 29, 1866.
The Committee on Police would most respectfully
recommend the adoption of the following Rules and
Regulations for the government of the Police Depart-
ment of the city.
JAMES E. ADAMS, ) Committee
SAMUEL LITTLE, \ on
JOHN F. OSGOOD, ) Police.
Tlie object of these Rules and Regulations is to define the duties
of the members of the Police Department, and to secure uniformity
of discipline and practice.
The trust committed to a Police Officer is one of peculiar respon-
sibility, and requires both intelligence and uprightness for its faith-
ful discharge. He is the representative of the law, and it is his
duty to observe it himself, and to enforce it with vigor and impar-
tiality, contributing his part towards making the department what it
should be, efficient in duty, and respected by the public. By fre-
quent examination of the Statutes and Ordinances, and familiarity
with these Rules and Regulations, he should inform himsf If in regard
to his powers, duties, and responsibilities. These are in their na-
ture various and complex, and much is necessarily left to the good
sense, sound discretion, and honest purpose of the officer.
CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 3.
Eules and Regulations.
1. The City Marshal shall be responsible for the faithfulness of
all the members of the department, and shall report all instances of
neglect of duty to the Mayor.
2. He may suspend from duty and stop the pay of any member
of the department for a time not longer than one week, for neglect
of duty, and report thereof to the Mayor for approval.
3. Whenever a disregard of any law, ordinance or order, pre^
vails to an extent prejudicial to the well-being of the city, he shall
cause the said law, ordinance or order to be published in the news-
papers of the city, or in handbills or circulars, calling thereto the
attention of the public.
4. No officer can necessarily expect to retain his office unless his
conduct be such as to secure the good will of the respectable portion
of the community, and to command respect from the unfortunate
5. Each member of the Police force shall devote his whole time
and attention to the business of the department, and he is expressly
prohibited from following any other calling, or being employed in
any other business, without the consent and approval of the Com-
mittee on Police. Although certain hours are allotted to the re-
spective members for the performance of duty on ordinary occa-
sions, yet at all times they must be prepared to act, immediately on
notice that their services are required.
6. The City Marshal shall attend all criminal sessions of the
Police Coutt, and perform therein the duties required by ordinance,
but no other Police Officer shall attend said Court, unless absolutely
needed as a witness, or to take charge of prisoners.
POLICE RULES AND REaULATIONS. 5
7. There shall be stated EoU-calls of the Day and Night Police,
at which each officer must be present. Any officer unnecessarily
absenting himself from Roll-call will be subjected to the loss of one
quarter of a day's pay, unless excused by the City Marshal.
8. No officer shall become Bail, or Surety, in any criminal suit,
unless by permission of the City Marshal.
9. No officer shall leave his beat or district, except in the dis-
charge of his official duty, during the designated hours of duty, un-
less permitted by the City Marshal.
10. Each officer shall wear his badge on the left breast of his
outside coat at all times while on duty.
11. The City Marshal shall wear a black hat with gold star in a
rosette thereon, a black or blue dress coat with bright buttons, a
black vest with bright buttons, black pants, and a dark-blue over-
coat. On public occasions he shall wear a buff vest with bright
The uniform of the Police Officers shall consist of a dark-blue
frock coat, double-breasted, with police buttons ; a black vest, single-
breasted, made to button up to the chin, with police buttons ; dark-
blue pants ; black felt halt, style to be designated by the City Mar-
shal. Overcoats to be worn shall be dark-blue or black, double-
breasted, police buttons, portable capes to button under the chin,
the suit to all to be cut and made in uniform style. The police
uniforms shall be worn by the officers when oh duty before the pub-
lic, and when at court, unless by the permission of the City Mar-
shal. These regulations in regard to uniforms shall take effect on
and after July 1st, 1866.
12. The officers shall report all nuisances and dangerous places
in streets or sidewalks, seen by them, first making the latter as
safe as they are able ; also all violations of City Ordinances or Laws
of the Commonwealth, with the names of the violtctors and witnesses.
6 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 3.
13. No member of the department shall, in the station-house,
or elsewhere while on duty, drink any kind of intoxicating liquor,
or smoke, or, except in the immediate performance of his duty, en-
ter any place in which intoxicating drinks are sold or furnished.
No intoxicating drinks shall be introduced upon any pretext into
the station-house, except when advised by a physician. Smoking
shall not be allowed in the station-house, except in apartments
designated by the City Marshal.
14. Every officer, on locking up a person, shall record his offence,
name, age, nativity, occupation, residence, and, if living in Rox-
bury, how long a resident ; and every officer, on taking a prisoner
from his cell, shall "first see that all these facts are recorded, and
shall also see that the cell is cleanly and in good order.
15. Whenever a prisoner is arrested who is to be brought before
the Court, a line is to be drawn under his name, otherwise he will
be discharged at the proper time by the keeper of the Lockup. In
all cases where the Night Police are to make complaints, or be wit-
nesses, they must be present in the Court Room at 9 1-2 o'clock,
16. The Day Police shall commence duty at 7 o'clock, A. M.,
and are to be at the Station-house p'unctually at 8 1-2 o'clock, and
make their reports the first thing after they arrive. The Roll will
be called at 9 o'clock precisely, after which they will immediately
leave for their several beats, unless their presence is required in
17. The Night Police shall commence duty at 8 o'clock, P. M.,
and remain on their several beats until 5 o'clock, A. M., when they
will immediately report at the Station-house. The Roll will be
called at 8 o'clock, P. M., when every man must be present and
answer to his name.
18. Each Day Officer, when it comes his turn to remain at the
Lockup during the night, must be present at 8 o'clock, P. M.
19. • The officer who has charge of the front office shall be there
rom 7 o'clock, A. M., till 8 o'clock, P. M., unless otherwise directed.
POLICE RULES AND REGULATIONS. 7
20. The oflScer who acts as keeper of the Lockup shall also act
as Officer of the Court, and have the care of the Court Room, which
he shall keep in proper order, and open at 10 minutes before 9
o'clock each morning on which a court is held. He shall have the
care of the Lockup, including the cells and the rooms directly un-
der the Court Room, all of which he shall keep clean' and neat, and
at the proper season attend to making and keeping in order all nec-
essary fires in his department.
He shall be at the Lockup at 7 o'clock, A. M., and shall remain
there, or in the Court Room, as occasion may require, until 12
o'clock, at noon, and during the session of the Court, and when not
engaged in the Court Room, shall attend to putting in order the cells
and rooms below. He shall attend to feeding the prisoners, morn-
ing, noon, and evening, and. record the names of all persons arrest-
ed, their offences, the name of the officer arresting them, the prison-
er's age, nativity, and occupation, and, if living in Roxbury, how
long a resident. He shall also keep the record of lodgers. In the
afternoon he shall be on regular duty where his services are most
needed, but he shall be at the Lockup at 7 o'clock, P. M., and shall
remain there as long as necessary for the purpose of feeding the
prisoners, and attending to other duties.
21. Each officer will conform strictly to these Regulations, and
such others as from time to time may be given. It is expected
that every officer will be vigilant, and work for the best interest of