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City Document. — JVo. 6. 



Citg 0f '§,a%hnx^, 


YEAR 1866. 



18 6 6. 

Cits of llc^burj. 

In School Committee, May 4th, 1866. 

The Chairman appointed the following members as the Annual Exam- 
ining Committee, viz,: 

High and Grammar Schools, — Messrs. H. G. Morse, Mekrill, Bronson, 
Monroe, Crafts, Nute, and Williams. 

Primary Schools. — Messrs. Tuck, Hobbs, James Morse, Warren, and 


December 12th. 

Ordered, That the several Reports be committed to Messrs. Ray, 

Merrill, Hobbs, and Williams, to revise, and cause to be printed the usual 

number of copies, to be distributed to the citizens of this City, as the 

Annual Report of the School Committee. 



In closing their labors for the year 1866, the Board of 
School Committee of Roxbury present to the citizens their 
Annual Eeport. 

It has been the constant aim and effort of the Committee 
so to advise and direct in all matters relating to the educa- 
tional interests of the city, so far as they have legal authority, 
as to secure the highest practical and permanent good. 

The continual increase of the number of children applying 
for admission to the Public Schools from year to year, has been 
well sustained, calling for a larger measure of school accom- 
modations, and involving a proportionate expenditure of public 
money. Notwithstanding the efforts made in this direction, 
nearly all the schools remain in a crowded condition. 

The entering division of the High School, designed to ac- 
commodate about fifty pupils, has over seventy, under the 
charge of Miss Saeah A. M. Cushing, whose labor consequently 
is greatly increased. 

In consequence of the sale of the stone building on Dudley 
street, known as Octagon Hall, the Dudley Grammar School 
building was, during the Summer vacation, remodelled and 
enlarged by the addition of a third story, containing two 
rooms, and in all respects very greatly improved. New and 
more suitable furniture has been substituted for the old and 
incommodious seats and desks, giving to the rooms an air of 
pleasantness and comfort. In all of its appointments the new 
Dudley is a fitting home to its meritorious occupants. Nearly 
all the seats in the building are now occupied, leaving no room 
for the promotions to be made in March. 


The "Washington, Dearborn, and Comins Schools are also 
full, while each sustains a flourishing colony, though from 
necessity located too far away for their convenience and profit. 

The Primary Schools likewise are over-crowded, some of 
them having from sixty to rising of eighty scholars in a room, 
— quite too many for their own comfort, and more than one 
teacher can properly instruct. 

Several new divisions have been opened during the year, 
and immediately filled, leaving no provision for the usual 
spring influx. The school on Munroe street has been relieved 
by a new division, recently organized in the upper room of 
that building, which is designed also for the accommodation of 
Grammar School scholars of the lower grade, who are now 
compelled to go a greater distance than children of their age 
should, especially in cold or stormy weather. Parents living 
in that vicinity have long thought themselves entitled to con- 
sideration in this respect, but the Committee, owing to adverse 
circumstances, have not been able until now to grant even this 
partial relief. 

The new Primary School-house now in process of erection 
on Smith street, containing eight rooms, will afford ample 
accommodations for that part of the city for some time to 
come. But the pressure in other sections will demand early 

The Committee have, for the past two or three years, felt 
that the erection of a new Grammar School building in Ward 
Five, could not much longer be delayed ; and they are now of 
the opinion that it should be done the coming year. This 
will fully meet the wants of that locality, and also afford 
permanent relief to our present Grammar Schools. Should 
the next Board make formal presentation of the matter to 
the City Council, we hope it will meet with a prompt and 
favorable response. 

We do not sympathize with the feeling expressed by some 
that "Roxbury pays too much for the maintenance of her 
Public Schools," or that any of her intelligent tax-payers will 


ever grudge the means required to give them a thrifty and 
honorable existence. Acting upon this conviction, the Com- 
mittee have ever endeavored, as wisely as they might, to devise 
and carry out plans Lest calculated to give them strength and 
efficiency. Good School-houses, properly located, well cared 
for, and enough of them, competent and faithful instructors, 
fairly paid, are in their opinion indispensable to such a result. 

Education, the "handmaid of religion," of that "righteous- 
ness that exalteth a nation," and "bulwark of republican 
liberty," has here, as elsewhere in Massachusetts, and through- 
oiit New England, been well sustained in the past, and they 
believe will continue to receive a hearty and liberal support. 

The Principal of the Washington School having resigned 
his position, the present incumbent, Mr. L. M. Chase, was 
elected to fill the vacancy, and entered upon his charge at the 
beginning of the term in September. Thus far the Committee 
are much pleased with their choice, and they congratulate the 
patrons of that school on having at its head a gentleman of 
such eminent ability. 

To the able corps of special teachers of Music, Drawing 
and Conversational French, a teacher of Elocution has been 
added, the high character of whose testimonials leads us to 
hope for beneficial results in the improvement of Reading and 
Vocal Gymnastics in the High and Grammar Schools. 

The recent examinations of teachers, nearly all of whom 
are graduates of our High School, have recruited the list of 
approved applicants, which had from appointments and 
removals from the city been more than usually reduced. 

The rank taken by these young ladies is alike honorable to 
themselves and their Alma Mater. If they shall be as success- 
ful in teaching as they have been in learning, they will indeed 
be fortunate. 

It has been the policy of the Board, in selecting teachers for 
the Primary and Grammar Schools, to favor those applicants 
who are graduates of our High School, and who have passed a 
satisfactory examination before the proper committee, as an 


incentive to greater diligence in their preparatory studies. 
But they most reluctantly confess that this course has not 
proved as satisfactory in all respects as they hoped, and are 
inclined to the opinion that hereafter it will be better to give 
all competitors an equal chance. Teachers living in the city 
with their parents have more or less temptation to allow per- 
sonal and domestic affairs to interfere with a proper discharge 
of their public duties. They seem to think themselves entitled 
to an election, and therefore what was given them as a favor 
is now claimed as a right. Consequently, the good effects 
looked for do not in all cases appear. For this their friends 
may be more at fault than themselves. 

An Evening School has been organized by the Board, in 
accordance with the Statutes of the Commonwealth, which 
makes it the duty of the School Committee to take charge of 
all the Public Schools. It has been placed under the immedi- 
ate charge of a special committee, who intend by the employ- 
ment of competent instructors to afford suitable facilities for 
obtaining a practical knowledge of the common branches. 
The sum of five hundred dollars, the same as in former years, 
has been appropriated to its maintenance, and we bespeak for 
it the active sympathy of the people. 

The Committee are happy to observe that truancy, hitherto 
one of the most potent evils against which they have had to 
contend, is being rapidly abated under the vigorous treatment 
of the City Marshal, Mr. Joseph Hastings, and his aids. But 
in some of the worst cases it has been found impossible to 
obtain conviction, in consequence of the reckless interference 
of parents in behalf of the offenders. Probably some of those 
parents will have to serve out a sentence for the crime of 
perjury before the truant laws ca,n be fairly enforced. 

It is, however, gratifying to know that the attempt of the 
boys to run away from the public schools only transfers them, 
on conviction and sentence in the Police Court, to another, in 
which the rules for moral and mental improvement are quite 
as rigidly enforced. The Truant School at the Alms-house was 


re-established, under the supervision of the Overseers of the 
Poor, nearly two years ago. Its object is to benefit all boys 
of this class. It is under the immediate charge of the Agent 
of the Overseers, Dr. Ira Allen, whose long connection with 
the School Committee renders him peculiarly qualified for the 
situation. An excellent teacher is employed, and the same 
studies are taught as in the public schools. The school-room is 
pleasant and comfortable. The dining-haU and sleeping apart- 
ments are kept scrupulously neat, and the large bath-tub in 
the basement invites the boys to their weekly ablutions. A 
suitable play-ground is fitted up for them, and enclosed by a 
fence, which is carried a little higher than their ambition or 
agility will permit them to climb. The watchful and kind- 
hearted keeper, Mr. Young, omits nothing necessary to their 
reformation or comfort. 

From year to year the Committee have found their labors 
multiplied in proportion as the schools have increased. They 
believe it would be better if their number was increased to 
fifteen, and the term of service lengthened to three years. 
This would probably involve a change in the City Charter, 
which it is thought is not now in harmony with more recent 
legislation on the subject. They recommend the City Council 
to take the necessary steps to effect the desired end, during 
the next session of the General Court. Much might be said 
in favor of this proposition. The radical changes to which 
the Board is annually exposed, through the ambition of indi- 
viduals for ofiice, the mutations of party politics, so unwisely 
allowed to influence in the choice of men for the position, and 
the necessity for a longer experience than one year affords in 
order to the highest degree of usefulness, may be cited. But 
the plan has been too long in successful operation, in most of 
the cities and towns of the State, to require elucidation or 

The progress made by our schools, as compared with that 
of former years, is very satisfactory. The teachers are com- 
petent and generally devoted to their calling, and the Commit- 


tee take pleasure in commending them to the confidence and 
sympathy of the public. 

Early in the year their salaries were raised to a point which; 
to the Board, seemed just and equitable. The demand of the 
age for vigorous and modern methods in teaching seems to 
have inculcated the idea that middle life must of necessity fix 
the bounds to the teacher's usefulness, and consequently they 
are dismissed from tl e profession to which their best years 
have been devoted, illy prepared to enter the arena of business 
life. Many, if not most of them, have families or other friends 
depending on them for support. It is but natural, therefore; 
that the rate of compensation allowed them should bear some 
just ratio to the capital employed and the relations they 

The following Reports of the Chairmen of the Examining 
Committees, and the Statistics prepared by the Secretary, give 
more particular information in regard to the condition of the 
schools, and will well repay a careful perusal. 


Chairman of the Board. 

Roxbury, Dec. 12, 1866. 



The undersigned, in compliance with the vote of this Board, 
has the honor to submit the following report of our High and 
Grammar Schools. 

The several divisions of these schools were examined at 
the close of each term during the year — in February and 
July by their respective local committees, and in May and 
November by a special examining committee appointed by the 
Chairman of the Board. 

The High School, according to the reports of its examiners, 
still maintains its former creditable and excellent condition, 
and, it is believed, was never in a better state than at the 
present time. There has been no change in its teachers during 
the past year. The whole number of scholars belonging to 
the school during the year ending July 21st, 1866, was one 
hundred and seventy-six. The number admitted from the 
Grammar Schools, at the examination in July, was seventy-six, 
the most of whom were admitted without conditions. 

10 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 6. 

The instractors are all earnestly devoted to their work, are 
possessed of admirable qualifications, and seem determined to 
leave nothing undone which may serve to render this school 
an honor to the city. In their instructions, they do not limit 
themselves to the text-books, but strive to unfold each subject 
in such a manner as to give the pupils freedom of thought and 
intellectual strength. The examiner of this school in May 
says of the First Division: "The text-books in this room 
furnished literally only the text of the real instruction given.'' 
In speaking of the school generally, he remarks : " The entire 
school impressed the examiner as a marked credit to the city. 
The business of instruction is carefully systematized, the 
teachers work harmoniously together, — each strengthening 
the hands of the others, — and all branches appear to be 
intrusted to those of good competency for their work. The 
best evidence of this is the readiness of the pupils in furnish- 
ing satisfactory reasons for what is done at each step of their 
progress. The boy preparing for business life, or the girl 
who desires a really solid and valuable education, can each 
attain them here." 

French and Drawing are taught as heretofore — the former 
by Madame de Maltchtoe, and the latter by Mr. C. F. Nut- 
ting. The value of Madame de Maltchyce's services has 
been attested by several years of highly successful labor as a 
teacher of the French language in this school; and Mr. 
Nutting has proved himself a thoroughly Competent instructor 
in his art. 

This school, as a whole, is one of which Roxbury may well 
be proud. It originated in a manifest want of the community. 
It has been conducted with ability and success, and has proved 
of great usefulness to our citizens, although its advantages 
have not been enjoyed to the extent which the interests of 
education require. If parents in this city intend to fit their 
sons for college, they will of course send them to the Latin 
School ; but if they destine them for business life, they should 
by all means send them to this school, and see that the full 
course of study is completed. 


The supply of pupils must come mainly from our Grammar 
Schools, and these schools should be so managed and instructed, 
and the course of study so ordered, as to make it possible for 
every boy of fair capacity, who attends regularly, to go to the 
High School at the age of thirteen or fourteen years. Some 
may ask if we would have the Grammar Schools kept merely 
to fit boys for the High School. We answer, no ; but that the 
best instruction that can be given to boys in the Grammar 
Schools till they are thirteen or fourteen years of age, is the 
very best preparation for their admission to the High School. 
And the conditions of admission should be made to meet this 

As an encouragement to the pupils of this school, we think 
it would be well to grant diplomas to such of the graduates as 
shall pass a satisfactory examination in all the required studies. 

The Dudley School (for Girls) is represented by its exam- 
iners as being in a very satisfactory condition. The Third 
Division appears to have suffered somewhat from the absence, 
during seven months of the year, of Miss Tucker, whose 
sickness deprived the school of her efficient services for that 
length of time. It was feared that the second class of the 
First Divison would suffer from the temporary absence of 
Miss Allen ; but the examining committee express themselves 
highly satisfied with the appearance and progress of the class. 

High praise was awarded for the general excellence of the 
recitations in Arithmetic and Geography, and especially in 
Reading — in which last branch of study, it is but fair to say? 
the Third Division received great commendation. 

One criticism, however, was made upon some of the reading 
heard in this school, which exposes a fault that we think com- 
mon to much of the reading in our Public Schools. We give 
this in the words of the examiner : — " The reading might have 
been improved by being less sedate and measured. The life 
of the pieces, in some instances, was destroyed, by the delib- 
erate precision of the reader, and one's attention was drawn 


to the exactness with which every word was uttered, and care 
taken that every comma should have its time to have 'the one 
counted/ as was taught in the old books. So that the im- 
pression left on the hearer's mind, was not that the spirit of 
the piece was grasped by the mind and uttered by the voice ; 
but — what an effort it must be to be so prim and precise 1" 

The general appearance of this school is admirable. The 
scholars have an air of animation and interest that speaks 
volumes for the happy working of the school-machinery, and 
both teachers and scholars seem to unite in their labors with 
harmony and spirit. 

The Washington School (composed exclusively of Boys) 
has undergone many changes in teachers during the year. Mr. 
John Kneeland, for a series of years the popular principal 
of this school, resigned at the commencement of the Fall term, 
and Mr. L. M. Chase, of West Newton, was selected as his 
successor. The Committee feel that in Mr. Chase they have 
a competent and energetic instructor — one who will not 
permit the school to retrograde, but will, through his efl&ciency 
and determination, bring it up to even a higher standard than 
it has ever before attained. 

The divisions in which a change of teachers has taken 
place have suffered to some extent on account of such changes. 
In the Sixth, perhaps, it was the most apparent, as Mrs. Drown, 
for many years its efficient and successful teacher, was pecu- 
liarly adapted to instruct and govern boys of this age ; and it 
was a source of regret to the Committee, as well as to the 
pupils, that she felt obliged to resign her charge. It is hoped, 
however, that the present teacher will soon be able to bring 
the division up to its former standing. 

The other divisions are generally in a good condition, and 
the pupils are making commendable progress in their studies ; 
except that the Fifth, at the last examination, was found some- 
what deficient in several branches. The pupils in the second 
class of the First Division, and in the Second Division, are 
spoken of as showing a good degree of proficiency, and as 


being under the care of faithful and devoted teachers. The 
examiner, in speaking of the school generally, says : " The 
attendance has been greatly improved, and the pupils seem to 
be under proper discipline, both in the school-room and in the 
yard. These results are due to the oversight and energy of 
the principal, Mr. Chase, who has given evidence of success as 
a disciplinarian, but whether he will succeed as well as an 
instructor, time will show. So far as the examiner had an 
opportunity of witnessing the results of his labors, he was 
highly gratified." 

The Deakborn School is made up of thirteen divisions, one 
of which was formed at the commencement of the Spring term, 
under the instruction of Miss Wood, formerly of the Yeoman 
Street Primary School, and for want of room in the Dearborn 
School building, has been taught in the George Street School- 
house. Miss Hay, the highly accomplished and successful 
assistant in the First Division, resigned her position during 
the Fall term, and Miss Mary A. Spinney has been appointed 
to fill the vacancy. It is believed the selection of her will 
prove a good one. Miss Dudley, in charge of the Second 
Division of Girls, also resigned during the Fall term, and has 
been elected to a similar situation in one of the Boston 
Schools, with a higher compensation; and Mrs. Burrell, 
formerly head-assistant of the Washington School, was selected 
to fill the place, and is proving herself as thoroughly competent 
to teach girls as boys. 

The several divisions of this school are reported by their 
several examiners to be making commendable progress, and 
generally to be under the charge of competent and faithful 
teachers. But we would suggest that some of the teachers 
should learn to go outside the mere language of the text-books, 
both for the matter and the manner of their instruction ; for it 
is only by so doing that the best and most satisfactory results 
can be obtained. 

The principal of this school is eminently qualified for the 
position he holds, and is faithfully devoted to his work. As a 

14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 6. . 

disciplinarian, Ms equal cannot easily be found. Possessed of 
sound judgment and discretion, always strictly just and con- 
scientious, he manages this large and not easily governed 
school in a manner highly creditable to himself, and to. the 
full satisfaction of the Committee. 

The CoMiNS School (for Boys and Girls) is under the 
charge of Mr. D. W. Jones, as principal, and a large corps of 
assistants. The examiners generally report it to be doing -well- 
The school appears to have been particularly unfortunate dur- 
ing the past year, in the large number of changes in its teachers, 
and in the absence of several of them at various times. It 
need hardly be said that all these irregularities were unavoid- 
able, but they were none the less unfavorable in their effect 
upon the school, and made the duties of the principal unusually 
hard and trying. Every substitute, and every new teacher, at 
the beginning of her work, labors under disadvantages which 
spring from unfamiliarity with the ground and the pupils, and 
from which no amount of experience in other fields of labor 
can relieve her at once. 

Under these circumstances, we think that much credit is due 
to the principal, and his assistants, for the good results they 
have obtained. Favorable mention was made by the examiners 
of the good order and cheerfulness that generally prevailed, 
and the evident earnestness and faithfulness of the teachers 
was commended. 

Much attention is given in this school, as in several of the 
other Grammar Schools, to instructing the boys of the First 
Division in the writing of business letters, and the drafting of 
notes, checks, &c. The effect of this kind of teaching has been 
found to be excellent. Aside from the evident advantage to 
the pupils of gaining so much useful knowledge, it gives a 
pleasant variety to the labor of the school-room, and helps to 
stimulate all to more cheerful and vigorous exertion. 

The Feancis Street School appears from the reports made 
by the examining committee to be in its usual good and in- 
teresting condition. The examiner, in his report of its state 


at the close of the Summer term, says : " The school comprises 
an unusual variety of ages, and the classes are therefore con- 
siderably jnultiplied. Yet the teacher seems well fitted for 
her peculiar work, and possesses the sympathy and confidence 
of her pupils." The same examiner speaks of the school-room 
as having "an agreeable, homelike appearance, which cannot 
but have a good effect upon the scholars." The discipline is 
spoken of as not very rigid, yet the relations existing between 
teacher and pupils are " so pleasant," that no advantage is 
taken of it. Good order is maintained, and the scholars take 
a lively interest in their studies and recitations, and the 
school gives evidence of good progress and careful instruction. 

Yocal Music has -been successfully taught in our schools 
during the year. At the commencement of the Fall term, Mr. 
Charles Butler, for several years the successful and popular 
teacher of Music in the High and Grammar Schools, resigned 
his situation on account of ill-health, and Mr. 0. B. Brown 
was appointed to fill his place. Mr. Brown comes highly 
recommended to the Committee, and they feel assured that 
this branch of instruction will not be permitted to suffer under 
his care, and that he will prove a worthy successor of Mr. 

Physical Exercises have been practised in nearly all of the 
divisions in the Grammar Schools. They relieve the pupils 
of much of the ennui of the school-room, and it is believed 
that even more time could be devoted to them without any 
diminution in the mental acquirements of the pupils. If you 
would develop the scholar's mind, you must not neglect to 
exercise his body. And certainly grace of manners, ease of 
motion, and much that is attractive and pleasing in the 
physical nature of man, depend in a great measure on well- 
directed exercises of this description. 

On the whole, we feel safe in saying that our schools are in 
as good condition as they were a year ago. We think, too, 
that they will compare favorably with the Public Schools in 
the neighboring cities. And yet, while few of the scholars 


fail to accomplish what is expected of them in the knowledge 
of their books, many, we fear, leave school in ignorance of 
those better things which depend for their implanting; upon the 
character and example of the teachers. Hence the care that 
should be used in selecting for teachers such persons as are 
kind-hearted and truthful, whose manners are unexceptionable, 
and whose habits and temper can always be patterned after 
with safety by the children. 

Our Grammar Schools are gradually growing out of the 
idea that the work to be done in them is merely to prepare 
scholars for the High School. Parents and teachers have 
come to think that this is not their only object, but rather a 
thorough and complete instruction in the important studies 
assigned to them. And certainly the chief end and aim of 
our Grammar Schools should be to make our children well 
informed in those studies, an acquaintance with which is abso- 
lutely necessary in the management of the affairs of life, and 
which form the basis of all thorough education. 

Much attention is given to Penmanship, a most important 
art, the study of which it will not do to neglect or even 
slight in our Grammar Schools. In most of them it is 
taught in an admirable manner. There are, however, lower 
classes to be found in some of our schools where the writing- 
books are not very creditable. As soon as pupils are trans- 
ferred from the Primary to the Grammar Schools, they should 
be made to review what they have learned in writing, and in 
all their writing exercises they should be required to follow 
strictly the style and form of letters which they have been 

Of all the branches taught in our Grammar Schools, Arith- 
metic is perhaps taught as well as any other, and more time is 
probably given to teaching it ; and yet some of our teachers 
do not produce the results to be desired. The great fault 
seems to be in the aim of teachers to obtain what some would 
consider a "brilliant" recitation — that is to say, one chiefly 
distinguished by the rapidity with which pupils go through 


the processes and give tlie results. This requires a vast 
amount of drilling on what is totally unnecessary to a substan- 
tial and practical knowledge of the subject. This kind of 
drill, we are happy to believe, is not universal, and, we trust, 
not general, even. In teaching arithmetic, the object in view 
should be to get from the pupil an intelligent solution of the 
question. The teachers should not think it sufficient that the 
scholars repeat the process until they remember perfectly how 
it is performed. The essential thing is for the pupil to be 
taught to reason for- himself, and not to rely on any rule or 
particular form given in the book. When this branch is taught 
as it should be, there will be little occasion for pupils to steal 
answers to be given at recitation. 

It is to be feared that the attention of the Principals of our 
Grammar Schools is too much confined to their First Divisions. 
It seems natural that they should wish to bestow the most of 
their time on those who are engaged in the highest and most 
difficult studies, and who at the end of the year are to be 
qualified for admittance to the High School. They no doubt 
feel that their reputation, in a great measure, depends upon 
the success of their pupils in obtaining admission to the High 
School without conditions. And yet the Principal of a Gram- 
mar School should be acquainted with every scholar. If he is 
confined to his own division, all of those pupils who leave 
before the last year of the course never come under his care. 
His aim should be to know the abilities and defects of every 
scholar in school, and, if possible, to discover the first appear- 
ance of faults, that they may be corrected, and to know whom 
to urge forward and whom to keep back. In order to do 
this, he will often be obliged to leave the instruction of his 
advanced pupils chiefly to his head assistant, and divide his 
time more equally among the several divisions. 

How far our system of Public Schools supplies the educa- 
tional wants of all classes in the community, the rich as well 
as the poor, is a question of much importance. Our schools 
are and have been from their establishment free to the children 


of all, high and low, black and white, and every man is taxed 
for the purpose of maintaining them, whether he may or may 
not see fit to avail himself of the privileges they afford. Pri- 
vate schools will probably find patronage, more or less, in 
every wealthy and highly-educated community. But our 
Public Schools, as they become elevated and improved, will 
take the place of private schools in educating the children of 
the larger tax-payers as well as the lesser ; and as the number 
of large tax-payers who send their children to the Public 
Schools increases, so the appropriation of funds for the support 
of these schools will be more liberal. 

Our schools are open at all times to all who feel an interest 
in visiting them. It is the desire of the Committee and the 
teachers to cooperate with the parents and guardians in the 
endeavor to make their children good sons and daughters, 
kind and forbearing to the inmates of the household, gentle, 
amiable and courteous to all. It is the teacher's duty to train 
up the young under their charge in habits of honesty, industry, 
neatness and purity ; to teach them to speak the truth without 
fear, and to be just, self-sacrificing and generous ; to refine 
their tastes and develop their noblest faculties, so that they 
will not be attracted by low or sensual pleasures; and to 
instil into their minds the principles of religion and morality. 
Education is for the whole man. It is a preparation for the 
temptations, cares, and duties of life. It forms the character, 
and gives a right direction to the human powers. While it 
engages the mind, it must not neglect the will, the temper, and 
the heart. Its great aim should be to teach the young how to 
govern themselves, to regulate and direct their affections, and 
to use all their faculties for the glory of God and the good of 

For the Committee, 


Roxhury, Dec. 12, 1866. 




The Committee appointed to examine the Primary Schools 
of Roxbury, and report thereon, were Messrs. Tuck, Hobbs, 
James Morse, Warren and Waldock. 

In consequence of pressing duties of a business nature, the 
Chairman was unable to prepare the Report, and at his request 
the undersigned consented to relieve him. The examinations 
made in May and November were reported upon by the mem- 
bers of the Committee, and from these reports are prepared 
in substance what follows. 

The whole number of Primary Schools is 49. None have 
been discontinued during the year. One has been organized 
in the Monroe Street School-house, which is intended to relieve 
the crowded condition of the other school in the same build- 
ing, and also to furnish Grammar School instruction for some 
children in that section of the city, who, by reason of the 
distance from the Grammar School-houses, are unable to give 
that constant attendance which is necessary to secure the 
advantages. One other School is to be organized in George 


Following the order of the schools as arranged by the 
Committee, it appears that at the May examination the George 
Street School was in an excellent condition, with competent 
teachers; but at the November examination the school was 
not in so good condition, owing to an interruption caused by 
the negligence of the Superintendent of Public Buildings in 
not putting the furnaces in order during the Summer vacation. 
Divisions Three and Pour were very much crowded, there 
being 163 pupils in them. 

The two lower divisions of the Yeoman Street School were 
also reported as too full for good, efficient work ; but with 
this difficulty, and comparatively inexperienced teachers, they 
were meeting the expectations of the examiner. In the First 
Division some elements existed which compelled the commit- 
tee to pronounce it not quite up to the standard of other 
schools of the same grade. The Second Division had made 
good improvement, was in excellent condition, and always 
bore a pleasant appearance. 

Of the Eustis Street and Avon Place Schools it is reported 
that little could be criticized unfavorably, and much could 
be commended. The teachers had devoted themselves to their 
work with great fidelity and earnestness. They seemed con- 
scious of the fact, and to expect that the results would be ap- 
preciated. "It is essential to the highest usefulness in any 
department of the world's work, that those who labor should 
take pleasure in doing it with their utmost ability, that they 
should be conscious of having done so, and that they should 
desire those to whom they are responsible, and for whom they 
have labored, to know it." By another member of the Com- 
mittee, one of the lower divisions of the Eustis Street School, 
in the early part of the year, was found not properly organ- 
ized, and quite disorderly, from the fact of its having had 
three or four teachers. At a later examination, under the 
charge of a new teacher, permanently assigned to it, possessed 
of energy, ambition, and with an interest in the welfare of her 
division, it had attained a position satisfactory to the examin- 


er. The Local Committee of the Avon Place Schools has, in 
his several reports, called the attention of the Committee to 
the percentage of attendance and tardiness. A natural in- 
ference is that the teachers put heart into their work, study to 
interest their pupils and render the school attractive, and that 
parents, appreciating such devotion, are ready to cooperate 
earnestly with them. 

By the report of the Local Committee of the Vernon Street 
School, one division is considered a model of its grade, while 
the other three can be greatly improved by increased energy 
and zeal, and more careful study of methods of instruction 
and discipline. The same committee, in a later report, finds 
his hints have not been unavailing, and a commendable degree 
of improvement discernible. All the teachers are reported as 
" competent," by another examiner, and their cheerful readi- 
ness to act upon any suggestions for the benefit of their 
schools, shows a spirit worthy of all praise, and which, if 
wanting, would augur little good for any substantial progress. 

Although the locality and access to the Sudbury Street 
School-house are not of the most pleasing character, yet once 
within the rooms, and they are found to be among the most 
light, airy and cheerful of any in our city. These qualities 
seem to be imparted to the schools, and render the Commit- 
tees' visits always pleasurable. They are reported in excellent 
condition, with competent and faithful teachers, and filled with 
happy, industrious and cheerful children. 

There are three divisions in the Franklin Place School. In 
one a teacher had been recently appointed, having been trans- 
ferred from another school. This division is small, but the 
teacher not abating her zeal in her vocation, nor wasting her 
time, had prepared a series of general questions for oral 
instruction upon Geography, and other subjects, which had 
been learned by her scholars. The answers to these were 
given with great animation, with accuracy, and with under- 
standing. The effect of an exercise of this kind, voluntarily 
undertaken by a teacher, not required by the rules, is extreme- 

22 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 6. 

ly beneficial, as well to the order and discipline of the school, 
as to its cheerful aspect. Another division was. found to be 
composed of a very large number of very small children, 
requiring all the energies and all the time of the teacher, to 
give the scholars even the regular and required exercises. 
Yet she had secured excellent order, the essential of every 
good school, and her pupils were not lacking in their studies. 
The Third Division was also small in number, and entirely 
satisfactory in its condition. In all of these divisions the order 
was good, and the appearance of the children neat and tidy. 
The reading showed more than ordinary attention to emphasis, 
and bringing out the sense. The singing was sweet and 
expressive — music as well as noise. "Good and rare exercise 
in spelling words by the sounds of the letters instead of their 
names." The reading and spelling in the lowest division were 
good, and the examiner queries whether a class of this age 
might not read with better emphasis. 

The Mill-Dam School is one that labors under many disad- 
vantages, and always has. It is always a subject of animad- 
version — a miserable house, more miserably located, badly 
ventilated, ungraded, isolated. A teacher here, however good, 
labors under so many difficulties, that if she accomplishes any- 
thing, she is entitled to all credit. The examiner says the 
school was not in condition to be reported on, by reason of a 
hot fire and bad air. 

The Orange Street School-house is subject to pretty much 
the same criticism. If anything, the location is worse than 
the Mill-Dam. It is hemmed in by houses and factories, 
to the exclusion of the sun, if not almost light. But the 
several reports represent the schools as in good condition, the 
teachers animated, and the scholars making good progress. It 
is to be hoped that the site of this house may be discontinued, 
and that future committees may not be obliged to use the 
stereotyped phrases of condemnation annually indulged in. It 
is due to the teachers and pupils to provide them with better 
accommodations, and a disgrace to the city to continue the 


The Tremont Street School has been established but a year 
or two, and was opened to relieve the excess from the other 
schools in its vicinity, Cottage Place and Smith Street. It has 
now more scholars than it can accommodate, several being 
obliged to sit upon the teacher's platform. In the main, the 
school has been satisfactory. It is reported to be in as good 
condition as could be expected. The room, in a private house, 
is low-studded, ill ventilated, and over crowded with pupils, 
being some seventy-five. A large share of the teacher's atten- 
tion has been devoted to order and discipline, somewhat at 
the expense of instruction in studies; but it was thought good 
results had been obtained, and as much done as could reason- 
ably be expected from any teacher in such a room with so 
many pupils. Object-teaching and physical exercises had been 
attended to somewhat, and with happy results. 

Notwithstanding the efforts which have been made by the 
Committee to relieve the crowded condition of the Cottage 
Place Schools, some of the divisions are now far too full to 
enable any teacher to give her pupils the time and attention 
which parents have a right to expect and demand of our 
public schools. At the May examination there were eighty- 
four in each of two of the divisions, the average number of 
desks now furnished Primary Schools being fifty-six. It is 
useless to expect the utmost progress in such cases. The 
percentage upon examination for promotion to the Grammar 
Schools must be low, or else labor to the injury of health must 
be imposed upon the ambitious and deserving teacher. The 
work of the Primary School comes upon the Grammar, and 
neither does its appointed duty. The examinations found the 
divisions generally in a gratifying condition, though the adverse 
criticisms of "fair" reading and spelling, — " reading in too low 
a key," — "reading might be much improved by attention to 
emphasis and articulation," — show that want of attention, by 
reason of so many pupils, might account for the defect. At 
any rate, we are charitable enough to hope such to be the case, 
and so attribute it. 

24 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 6. 

There are upon Smith Street two divisions of Primary 
Schools. The extract from the teport on Avon Place was 
made as also applying to this school. The reports upon this 
school show an improvement, both in order and in recitation. 
The examination for promotion by the principal of the Gram- 
mar School was in a high degree satisfactory. A more cordial 
and pleasant feeling seemed to exist between teacher and 

As an off-shoot or colony from this school is the Parker 
Street School, which occupies a shop on the corner of Parker 
and Washington Streets. No place more ill-suited could be 
found ; but the only alternative presented to the Committee 
was this or no school, and they accepted the former. But it 
may be doubted whether any good has been accomplished by 
opening such a school. Parents have been willing to send 
their children there, and in number more than could be ac- 
commodated, and to relieve it and equalize the numbers in 
the Smith Street and this School, children have been put into 
either division of the Smith Street which had the space, with- 
out reference to the grade of the scholar. Scarcely any terms 
are too strong to characterize the unfitness of the room for 
school purposes. The examiner reports that he found it in a 
deplorable condition, on his first visit, — the stench of poi- 
soned air was appalling, though somewhat alleviated, upon his 
subsequent visit, by keeping open the back door. 

Happily we are soon to be relieved. A handsome and 
spacious eight-room building is nearly completed for the 
accommodation of this, the Smith, and Tremont Street Schools. 
• This is intended to meet not only the present, but the pro- 
spective wants of this vicinity. 

The average age of the pupils in the Francis Street School 
is somewhat higher than in schools located in the more popu- 
lous parts of the city. The school is always visited with 
pleasure by the Committee. A very happy and kindly relation 
seems to exist between pupils and teacher — a sort of family 
arrangement, which does' not result in discipline and order of 


the strictly military character, and yet it by no means interferes 
with the proper progress of the scholars in their studies. 
The reading was excellent, and other exercises worthy of 
commendation. The school being limited in numbers, enables 
the teacher to give to every pupil personal attention and 
thorough drilling. 

At the first examination of the Heath Street School, one of 
the divisions was reported in a condition far below the standard 
which our reputation and requirements demanded ; but upon 
a subsequent examination there was no occasion for any but 
commendatory criticism. The disturbing influence was local, 
and the teacher had removed it, and shown her ability to take 
charge of the school with credit. The other division, on both 
examinations, merited the examiner's approval. 

The Centre Street School stands reported as in a very satis- 
factory condition, as regards order and scholarship, in both 
divisions. It is largely attended by an intelligent and interest- 
ing class of pupils. The teachers are experienced, industrious 
and attentive to their work. Good proficiency in the reading 
and spelling departments was exhibited. The situation of this 
school is not happily chosen, and the difficulties and dangers 
which attend access to it are something that demand a remedy. 
The rooms are pleasant after they are reached, being well 
open to the sunlight. But they are not large enough for the 
number of pupils who attend the school, and the examiner 
feels that there must be frequent want of ventilation, or unsafe 
exposure, as regards the air of the room. 

The lower division of the Edinboro' School is in a com- 
mendable condition. The teacher is ambitious, interested and 
vivacious in her method of introducing her pupils to the rudi- 
ments of knowledge. She enlists their attention fully, and 
does much to relieve the natural tedium of the school to the 
youngest minds. This is shown, especially, in the interest 
with which the pupils engage in object-lessons, and the spirit 
with which they recite in concert. In making the entrance to 
the path of learning pleasant, much is gained. The upper 


division is under tlie charge of a teacher who has gained the 
affection and sympathy of her scholars in no. ordinary degree. 
There was striking evidence that school was made a pleasant 
place to them. The examination in this, as well as the lower 
division, showed less desire to push the children forward in 
their studies, than to awaken generally their intelligence, and 
gain their interest in school. This impressed the examiner as 
fully as important as a progress which filled fast their tender 
minds with facts which had for them the lack of pleasant 

As was stated before, it has been found necessary to organize 
a new school on Munroc Street. The school now kept there 
has been one of great difficulty for the teacher, and only one 
of rare ability is able to manage the class of children who 
attend there. Such a teacher has been obtained as not only 
secures good order, but inspires the scholars with zeal in their 
lessons and spirit in their recitations. 

The Winthrop Street Schools are reported generally as 
attaining good results, and as sustaining a well-earned high 
reputation. With perhaps a little laxity of discipline in the 
Elm Street Schools, they meet the approbation of the Com- 
mittee. The May examiner says of the first division, that it 
was pleasant, the room neat and well ventilated, the scholars 
iu excellent spirits, accurate, prompt and earnest in answering 
questions, the deportment highly creditable j and he states 
himself equally pleased with what he saw and heard in the 
second division. 

From this brief summary of the various reports, it will be 
seen that the schools are substantially in an excellent condi- 
ion ; — that they have maintained the high reputation they 
have heretofore borne. Faults exist, have been made apparent 
by the examinations, and have been alluded to in the reports. 
But it is not deemed advisable to parade in public the particu- 
lar individual who may have been delinquent. The suggestion 
from the committee has in all cases been sufficient to obtain 


the ready acquiescence of any teacher to remedy any deficiency. 
Want of order is the rare exception. Under our regulations, 
the teacher is required to govern by persuasive and gentle 
measures as far as practicable, and it is believed that these 
are for the most part made the rule of action ; but the frayed 
end of a rattan, occasionally seen, would seem to indicate that, 
in her definition of the word " practicable," the dusting of a 
boy's jacket now and then with the rattan, was the only true 
and effective persuasive measure. The attention of the Board 
has not been called, during the year, to any case of undue or 
severe, or in fact any corporal punishment, and it is thought 
that, in our schools, it is seldom resorted to. The discussion 
created by a recent case in one of our neighboring cities has 
brought the subject more prominently before the public, and 
our teachers, ever alive to what is of practical value to our 
schools, will doubtless avail themselves of the truths elicited, 
and, so far as in them lies, make it to be true that corporal 
punishment is not necessary to secure good order and correct 

The importance of the utmost care in selecting teach- 
ers for the Primary Schools, cannot be too often urged upon 
the attention of the Committee. Here are required the most 
gifted minds. Here is given the bent which may last, not only 
through the school life, but the whole life of the pupil. The 
minds of these little children are in the highest degree suscep- 
tible, and the slightest influences produce lasting effects. No 
one can be a successful teacher in the primary department, 
who has not a strong love for children, who does not give her 
whole soul to her duties, and strive her utmost to render her 
school pleasant and attractive. She must be ever upon the 
alert to awaken the child's interest, ingenious in devising 
methods to sustain it, vivacious in her manner of imparting 
instruction, always cheerful, entering with life into all their 
joys, soothing their little sorrows,, sympathetic, bestowing 
praise here, chiding there, but always encouraging. We think 
we have seen schools wanting in some of these. We think 

28 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 6. 

we have seen teachers whose sweetest smile and most elastic 
step were not when crossing the threshold of the school-room? 
but that of the City Treasurer. Teaching, to them, is a dull, 
monotonous routine of daily strife for bread and butter, with 
no life or soul beyond that. Their own comfort is before the 
school's progress. It is in such we see the harsher methods 
of discipline resorted to. It is with such a teacher that 

" The boding tremblers learn to trace 
The day'e disasters in her morning face." 

The teacher should have constantly in mind, that the sole 
object of intrusting youth to her charge, is not to learn and 
to repeat the assigned daily task from the text-book. The 
school is not alone to instruct the intellectual side of the 
child's nature. Not to touch here upon the physical education 
which has been so much discussed of late, and to which allu- 
sion is made elsewhere, we would call attention to the moral 
instruction ; that conveyed not so much by word of mouth, by 
homilies, by illustrations, as by the constant and daily exam- 
ple ol the teacher — by that silent influence of mind and 
character which not only every teacher must necessarily exert, 
but which every human being must exert to a greater or less 
good or evil result. It is said that by constant intercourse, 
the features even of the countenance acquire a resemblance, 
and no one could copy a handwriting for any length of time, 
however marked his own style might be, without imperceptibly 
adopting some features of the original, to the modification of 
his own. So these young scholars, with their tender minds, 
for so many hours in tlie presence of the teacher, whom they 
somehow have been taught to look upon as knowing all things, 
and as doing all things right and never wrong, — a perfect pat. 
tern, — - must necessarily adopt something of her style. 

If she is petulant, cross, scolding, evincing an inability to 
govern herself, deficient in good manners, in delicacy of feeling 
and sentiment, — so far forgetful of herself as to be unladylike, 
to give vent to only fitful flashes of temper, — her influence is 


baneful. She is not fulfilling the position of instructor of 

"Manners make the man." Good breeding, gentleness, cour- 
tesy, politeness, the amenities of social life, as illustrated by 
the most refined and intellectual, should shine forth in the 
habits, behavior, conduct and deportment of every teacher. 
The closing of the door, the handing of a pencil, the morning 
salutation to the pupil, the slightest actions even, act upon the 
pupil and react upon the teacher. They illustrate character, 
are character, and must have a forming influence. 

The care, then, which the teacher must exercise to make her 
example as an instructor of morals aid her as an instructor of 
the intellect, must be constant and watchful. The force of 
example is all-important in the formation of correct mioral 

In nearly all the schools of -this grade, physical exercises 
and object-teaching have had a fair share of attention ] but the 
latter has not received the share its merits deserve. Want of 
time is urged by some as an excuse ; but we do not think such 
an excuse valid, and we think a proper trial will so convince 
the teacher. We feel sure a spirited exercise in this branch 
would so enliven the school, that the pupils would enter upoa 
their other lessons with increased zeal, prepare them better,, 
recite them quicker, and thereby secure to the teacher the 
required time. We would urge upon the teachers of the Pri- 
mary Schools a thorough trial of the system of object-teaching, 
and that they should visit schools where this is made a special 
exercise and study. 

There are other suggestions which might well be made in a 
public report, and to which the attention of some teachers has 
been drawn; but the limits of a paper of this kind would 
hardly warrant it. 

As we have implied already, the labor of the teachers in 
this class of our schools is not underestimated or undervalued. 
We are aware that it is more difficult than in schools of a 


higher grade, more wearing to the nervous system, and that 
the teachers need all the encouragement that can be given 
them. Parents, especially, should interest themselves in the 
teacher, and aid her by their sympathy and cooperation. With- 
out this, these schools cannot attain the excellence which we 
are all striving to secure for them. 

For the Committee, 

Roxhury, Dec. 12, 1866. 





The whole number of teachers is 98. 

The number of Pupils in all the Schools is 5089, being an increase 
over last year of 352 Scholars. Average attendance in all the 
Schools, 4580 ; or 90 per cent. 

The number of Pupils at the High School is 182, an increase of 
32 over last year. The School has four Teachers. 

There are five Grammar Schools. The number of Pupils be- 
longing to the Grrammar Schools is 2070, an increase from last 
year of 101. Number of Divisions, 40 ; average number to each 
Division, 52. Number of Grammar School Teachers, 40. One 
new Division was formed during the year, at the Dearborn School. 

The number of Primary Schools is 50, an increase from last 
yeaj: of two — Munroe and George Streets. The number of Pupils 
belonging to these Schools is 2837, an increase of 219. Average 
to each School, 56. 

The salary of the Principal of the High School is . $3000 

Teacher of the 3d Division, Miss Gushing, 1500 
" 2d " Miss Tincker, 700 
" " 4th year Class, Miss Gragg, 600 

Principals of Grammar Schools, male, 2000 

Principal of the Dudley School, female, 1000 
" Francis St. School, " 700 

1st and 2d Assist'ts in Grammar Sch'ls, each 550 
other Assistants after first year, " 500 

Primary Teachers, first year, " 400 

" second year, " 425 

after, " 450 

32 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 6. 

The salaries of the Principals of G-rammar Schools were advanced 
this year $200. Assistants of G-rammar Schools and Primary 
School Teachers, each $50. 

The cost of maintaining our Public Schools the past year is 
$75,774.46, an increase over last year of $12,752.84. Of this sum, 
$53,643.27 is paid for salaries, $4,478.75 for fuel, $500.00 to Latin 
School, $375.80 to Evening School, and $16,776.64 for incidental 
expenses and repairs. Average cost per scholar, $14.89, an in- 
crease from last year of $1.59. 

The examination of Candidates from the various Crammar 
Schools for admission to the High School, in July, was as follows, 

Dudley School, average per cent,, . . 79 

Washington " " " . . 59 

Comins " " " . . 67 

Dearborn " " " . . 66 

Francis St. " " " . . 61 

In November, sixteen of the Pupils of the High School, who had 
been continuing their studies for the fourth year, were examined in 
their qualifications to become Teachers in our Public Schools. The 
results varied from 77 to 97 per cent., being the highest percentage 
ever attained at any examination. Average per cent., 87, 



FOR 1866. 





Ward 1. — Peanklin Williams, Jambs Morse. 

" 2. — B. F. Bronson, G-eorge Warren. 

" 3. — T. R. NuTE, George M. Hobbs. 

" 4. — George H. Monroe, James Waldock. 

•^ 5. — Edwin Ray, Moody Merrill. . 


FOR 1867. 





Ward 1. — Franklin Williams, James Morse. 

" 2. — Ira Allen, William Seaver. 

" 3. — Timothy R. Nute, George M. Hobbs. 

(' 4. — George H. Monroe, Benjamin H. Greene. 

« 5. — ^Edwin Ray, Moody Merrill. 




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At Large. , 

G-eorge Putnam, 1846, 48, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64. 

Cyrus H. Fay, 1846, 48. 

Samuel H. Walley, Jr., 1846, 48. 

George R. Russell", 1847. 

Thomas F. Caldicott, 1847. 

George W. Bond, 1847. 

John Wayland, 1849, 50, 51. 

William R. Alger, 1849, 50, 56. 

William Hague, 1849, 50. 

Theodore Dunn, 1851. 

Thomas D. Anderson, 1851. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1852, 53, 54, 65, 66. 

William H. Ryder, 1852, 53, 54, 57, 58. 

William A. Crafts, 1852, 53, 54, 59, 60, 64, 65, 66. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1855. 

Joseph H. Streeter, 1855. 

John S. Flint, 1855. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1856, 57, 58, 65. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1859, 61. 

Edwin Ray, 1860. 

William S. King, 1861. 

John S. Sleeper, 1862, 63. 

Franklin Williams, 1862, 63, 64, 

J. Warren Tuck, 1866. 

Ward 1. 

Allen Putnam, 1846. 

Henry B. Wheelwright, 1846, 47. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64. 


William R. Alger, 1848, 52. 
Bradford K. Peirce, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 
John Jones, 1853, 64. 
Joseph Bugbee, 1853, 54. 
Henry W. Farley, 1855, 56, 57. 
Franklin Williams, 1858, 59, 60, 65, 66, 
George W. Adams, 1861, 62, 63. 
William H. Hutchinson, 1863. 
George J. Arnold, 1864. 
John G. Bartholomew, 1865. 
James Morse. 1866. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas F. Caldicott, 1846. 
Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 

62, 63. 
Alfred Williams, 1847, 48. 

Ira Allen, 1849, 50, 51, 52, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. 
Arial I. Cummings, 1853. 
Charles Marsh, 1854, 55. 
J. Warren Tuck, 1864, 65. 
B. Frank Bronson, 1866. 
George Warren, 1866. 

Ward 3. 
Charles K. Dillaway, 1846, 47. 
Francis Hilliard. 1846, 48, 49. 
Theodore Otis, 1847. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1848. 50, 51, 52, 63, 54. 
William Gaston, 1849, 60, 51. 

Timothy R. Nute, 1852. 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66. 
Joseph H. Streeter, 1853, 54. 
William H. Ryder, 1855. 
Benjamin Mann, 1855. 
Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57, 58, 62. 
William A. Crafts, 1856, 62. 
Richard Garvev, 1859. 
John D.McGili, 1860, 61, 62. 
George M. Hobbs, 1863, 64, 65, 66. 

Ward 4. 

Benjamin E. Cotting, 1846, 47, 49. 

David Green, 1846, 47, 48, 

Henry Bartlett, 1848. 

Henry W. Fuller, 1849, 50, 51. 

John S. Flint, 1850, 51, 52. 

John Wayland, 1852, 53, 64, 55. 

Theodore Otis, 1853. 

John W. Olmstead, 1854, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. 

James Waldock, 1855, 66, 66. 

Joseph N. Brewer, 1856, 57, 58, 59. 

Jonathan P. Robinson, 1857. 

Jeremiah Plympton, 1860, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. 

George H. Monroe, 1866. 

Ward 5. 

Augustus C. Thompson, 1846. 

Daniel Leach, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 61, 52, 53, 54, 55. 

Samuel Walker, 1847, 56. 

40 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 6. 

John H. Purkett, 1848. 

Charles F, Foster, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1853, 54. 

Edwin Ray, 1855, 57, 58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66. 

Theodore Otis, 1856. 

Alfred P. Putnam, 1857, 61, 62, 64. 

Robert P. Anderson, 1858, 59. 

Sylvester Bliss, 1860, 61, 62, 63. 

William S. King, 1860. 

Henry B. Metcalf, 1863. 

Moody Merrill, 1865, 66. 

Ward 6. 

George W. Bond, 1846. 

Edward Turner, 1846. 

Edmund F. Slafter, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 61. 

Dan. S, Smalley, 1847. 

George Faulkner, 1848. 

Edward D. Boit, 1849, 50, 51. 

Ward 7. 

John O. Choules, 1846, 47. 
Joseph H. Allen, 1846. 
Theodore Dunn, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 
Grindall Reynolds, 1848, 49, 60, 51. 
Stephen M. Allen, 1851. 

Ward 8. 

Theodore Parker, 1846. 
George R. Russell, 1846. 
Dexter Clapp, 1847, 48, 50, 61. 
Matthews W. Green, 1847. 
Abijah W. Draper, 1848, 49. 
Joseph H. Billings, 1849. 
Cornelius Cowing, 1850, 51. 


Charles K. Dillaway, 1846, 47. 
George Putnam, 1848, 64. 
Daniel Leach, 1849, 50, 61. 
Julius S. Shailer, 1852, 53. 
JohnWayland, 1854. 
Bradford K. Peirce, 1866. 
William H. Ryder, 1866, 57, 58. 
Horatio G. Morse, 1858, 69, 60, 61, 62. 
John W. Olmstead, 1863, 66. 
Edwin Ray, 1866. 


Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 62, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63. 

Ariall. Cummings, 1856, 57. 
Franklin Williams, 18 63, 64, 66 , 66.