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Full text of "[City documents, 1847-1867]"

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THE 



MUNICIPAL REGISTER. 



CONTAINING THE 



CITY CHARTER, AND RULES OF ORDER 



CITY COUNCIL, 



^t^t 0f the ^Ukm of ttu (ffiittj uf laxbuvM, 



FOE THE YEAR 



1867. 



ROXBURY : 
L. B. WESTON, PRINTER, GUILD ROW 

1867. 



CHg 0f llo^burg. 



In Board of Aldermen, Sept. 10, 1867. 
Ordered, That the Committee on Printing prepare three hundred copies of the 
Municipal Register for the present year. 
Sent down for concurrence. 

JOSEPH W. TUCKER, City Clerk. 

In Common Council, Sept. 10, 1867. 
Concurred. 

FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Clerk. 



CITY CHARTER. 



COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



In the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-Six. 



An Act to Establish the City of Roxbury. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- . 
seniatives in General Court assembled, and by 
authority of the same, as follows : 
Section 1. The inhabitants of the town of Roxbujy to 

be a city. 

Roxbury shall continue to be a body politic and 
corporate, under the name of the City of Rox- 
bury, and as such shall have, exercise and enjoy 
all the rights, immunities, powers and privi- 
leges, and shall be subject to all the duties and 
obligations, now incumbent upon and appertain- 
ing to said town as a Municipal Corporation. 

Sect. 2. The administration of all the fiscal,tio™to'bJ " 

. , . vested in 

prudential and municipal affairs of said city,Mayor, 

-•^ ^ •' 'Aldermen, 

with the government thereof, shall be vested in^°^,^°?i'^'^°° 
one principal officer, to be styled the mayor ; 



4 CITYCHAETER. 

one council of eight,* to be called the board of 
aldermen ; and one council of twenty-four, f to 
be called the common council ; which boards, in 
their joint capacity, shall be denominated the 
city council, and the members thereof shall be 
sworn to the faithful performance of the duties 
of their respective offices. A majority of each 
board shall constitute a quorum, for doing busi- 

wi'thouTpay^^^Sj and no member of either board shall receive 
any compensation for his services. 

foSrthe Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the select- 

Town into i? j.i j. i^ t> i i 

Wards men oi the town oi Koxbury, as soon as may be 
after the passage of this act, and its acceptance 
by the inhabitants, as hereinafter provided, to 
divide said town into eight wards, | as follows, to 
wit ; first, by drawing a line between the second 
and third parishes, as near the old territorial 
parish line as may be convenient, and consti- 
tuting the second parish one ward ; second, by 
drawing a line in the same manner between the 
first and third parishes, and dividing the third 
parish into two wards, to contain, as nearly as 
may be convenient, an equal number of inhabi- 
tants ; and, third, by dividing the first parish into 
five wards, as nearly equal in number of inhabi- 
tants as may be consistent with convenience in 
other respects. 
JveryflTO^'''^ Aud It shall be the duty of the city council, 
counciL '^once in five years, to revise, and, if it be needful, 
to alter said wards in such manner as to presen'^e, 

* One Aldermaa from each Ward and three at large. Amdt. of 
1852, sec. 3. 
t Council of twenty. Ibid. 
X Five Wards. Amdt. of 1852, sec. 1. 



CITYCHAETER. t 

as nearly as may be, an equal number of voters 
in each ward ; provided, however, that the second 
parish shall always constitute at least one ward, 
and the third parish shall constitute at least 
two wards, without any addition of territory to 
either. 

Sect. 4. On the second Monday in March, *^^^''t'^jijg^ 
annually, there shall be chosen by ballot, in eachalidTcS 
of said wards, a warden, clerk, and threetois/'^^'' 
inspectors of elections, residents of wards in 
which they are chosen, who shall hold their 
office for one year,f and until others shall have 
been chosen in their places, and qualified to act. 
It shall be the duty of such warden to preside at 
all ward meetings, with the power of moderators 
of town meetings. And if at any meeting the 
warden should not be present, the clerk of such 
ward shall call the meeting to order, and preside 
until a warden pro tempore shall be chosen by 
ballot. And if at any meeting the clerk shall 
not be present, a clerk pro tempore shall be 
chosen by ballot. The clerk shall record all the 
proceedings and certify the votes given, and 
deliver over to his successor in office all such 
records and journals, together with all other 
documents and papers held by him in said 
capacity. And it shall be the duty of the 
inspectors of elections to assist the warden in 
receiving, assorting and counting the votes. And 
the warden, clerk and inspectors so chosen, shall 
respectively make oath or affirmation, faithfully 

* Second Monday in December. Amdt. 1850, sec. 1. 
t And until others are cliosen. Amdt. 1850> sec. 7. 



b CITY CHARTER. 

and impartially to discharge their several duties, 
relative to all elections, which oath may be ad- 
ministered by the clerk of such ward, to the 
warden, and by the warden to the clerk and 
inspectors, or by any justice of the peace for the 
county of Norfolk. 
forward ^11 warrants for meetings of the citizens for 
mettinls. muuicipal purposes, to be held either in wards or 
in general meeting, shall be issued by the mayor 
and aldermen, and shall be in such form, and 
shall be served, executed and returned in such 
manner, and at such times, as the city council 
may by any by-law direct. 
Elections Sect. 6. Thc mavor and eiffht aldermen, one 

of Mayor "^ c3 ' 

counjn^ alderman to be selected from each ward,* shall 
be elected by the qualified voters of the city, at 
large, voting in their respective wards, and three 
common councilmenf shall be elected from and 
by the voters of each ward, and shall be resident 
of ohe wards in which they are elected ; all said 
officers shall be chosen by ballot, and shall hold 
their offices for one year from the first Monday in 
April ;| and the mayor, until another shall be 
elected and qualified in his place. 

Proceedings Sect. 6. Ou tho sccoud Mondav in March, § 

at Ward - . . -^ 

meetings, anuually, immediately after a warden, clerk, and 
inspectors II shall have been elected and sworn, 
the qualified voters in each ward shall give in 

* One from each Ward and three at large. Amdt. of 1852, sec. 3, 
t Four from each Ward. Ibid, 
t First Monday of January, Amdt. of 1850, sec. 1. 
§ Second Monday in December. Ibid. 

II So much as relates to Warden, &c., repealed by Amdt. of 1850, 
sec. 2. 



CITY CHARTER. 

their votes for mayor, aldermen and common coun- 
cilmen, as provided in the preceding section; and 
all the votes so given shall be assorted, counted, 
declared and registered in open ward meeting, 
by causing the names of persons voted for, and 
the number of votes given for each, to be written 
in the ward records in words at length. 

The clerk of the ward, within twenty-four hours' 
after such election, shall deliver to the persons 
elected members of the common council certifi- 
cates of their election, signed by the warden and 
clerk, and by a majority of the inspectors of elec- 
tions, and shall- deliver to the city clerk a copy 
of the records of such election, certified in like 
manner ; provided, however, that if the choice 
of common councilmen cannot be conveniently 
effected on that day, the meeting may be ad- 
journed from time to time, to complete such 
election.* 

The board of aldermen shall, as soon as may be 
convenient, examine the copies of the records of 
the several wards, certified as aforesaid, and shall 
cause the person who mny have been elected 
mayor to be notified in writing of his election ; 
but if it shall appear that no person has received 
a majority of all the votes, or if the person elected 
shall refuse to accept the office, the board shall 
issue their warrants for a new election, and the 
same proceedings shall be had as are hereinbefore 
provided, for the choice of mayor, and repeated 
from time to time, until a mayor is chosen. 

* Other vacancies filled in like manner. Amclt. of 1850, sec. 3. 



Certificates 
of Elections 



o CITYCHAETER. 

vacancfki Ih crsg of the decease, resignation or absence 
Mayor ^ ° of the major, or his inabihty to perform the duties 
of his office, it shall be the duty of the board of 
aldermen and the common council, in convention, 
to elect a mayor for the time being, to serve until 
another is chosen, or until the occasion causing 
the vacancy is removed. 
aBd Alder- Aud if it shall appear that the whole number 

men. ■"■ ■*■ 

of aldermen have not been elected, the -same 
proceedings shall be had as are hereinbefore 
provided for the choice of mayor. Each alder- 
man shall be notified, in writing, of his election, 
by the mayor and aldermen for the time being. 
Mayor's Tho Oath prcscrlbed by this act shall be admin- 

istered to the mayor by the city clerk, or any 
justice of the peace for the county of Norfolk. 

The aldermen and common councilmen elect 
shall, on the first Monday of April,* at ten o'clock 
in the forenoon, meet in convention, when the oath 
required by this act shall be administered to the 
members of the two boards present, by the mayor 
or by any justice of the peace for the county of 
Norfolk, and a certificate of such oath having been 
taken, shall be entered on a journal of the mayor 
and aldermen, and of the common council, by 
their respective clerks. 
Motice to And whenever it shall appear that no mayor 
when no has boon elected previously to the said first Mon- 

Mayor is . 

chosen. ^^y j^ April,* the mayor and aldermen for the 
time being shall make a record of that fact ; an 
attested copy of which the city clerk shall read 

* First Monday of January. Amdt. of 1850, sec. 1. 



CITY CHARTER. » 

\ 

at the opening of the convention to be held as 
aforesaid. 

After the oath has been administered as afore-orsamza- 

tion of the 

said, the two boards shall separate ; and thecommon 
common council shall be organized by the choice 
of a president and a clerk, to hold their office 
during the pleasure of the common council, and 
to be sworn to the faithful performance of their 
duties. 

In case of the absence of the mayor elect, omn absence 

'' of Mayor 

the first Monday of April,* the city government^^g^[?^g 
shall organize itself in the manner hereinbefore 
provided, and may proceed to business in the 
same manner as if the mayor were present, and 
the oath of office may be administered to the 
mayor at any time thereafter in a convention of 
the two branches. 

In the absence of the mayor, the board ofMayor 

•^ pro tern. 

aldermen may choose a chairman pro tempore, who 
shall preside at joint meetings of the two boards. 

Each board shall keep a record of its own pro-Each Board 

judge of 

ceedings, and judge of the election of its own^^i«.«^^i°°'jj 
members ; and in failure of electioD, or in cases^c."'^'''''' 
of vacancy, may order new elections. And in 
case of any such vacancy declared by either 
board, the mayor and aldermen shall order a new 
election. 

Sect. 7. The mayor thus chosen and quali-Dutiesof 

'' ^ ^ Mayor. 

fied, shall be the chief executive officer of said 
city.f It shall be his duty to be vigilant in 

* First Monday of January. Amdt. of 1850, sec. 1. 
t To hold office until another is chosen. Amdt, of 1850, sec. 7, and 
amdt. of 1852, sec. 3. 

9 



10 CITY CHARTER. 

causing the laws and regulations of the city to he 
enforced, and keep a general supervision over 
the conduct of all subordinate officers, with 
power to remove them for neglect of duty. He 
may call special meetings of the hoards of alder- 
men and common council, or either of them, 
when necessary in his opinion, by causing notices 
to be left at the places of residence of the several 
members ; he shaU communicate, from time to 
time, to both of them, such information, and 
recommend such measures, as in his opinion the 
interests of the city may require ; he shall pre- 
side in the board of aldermen, and in convention 
of the two branches, but shall have only a casting 
vote. 

compensar Thc Salary of the mayor for the first year in 
which this charter shall take eifect shall be six 
hundred dollars, and no more ; his salary shall 
afterwards be fixed by the city council, but 
neither increased nor diminished during the year 

Maybe for wlilch hc Is chosen ; and he shall have no 

appointed . •777 

commis- other compensation : provided, hoivever, that the 

sioner of -■- j. ' ■> 

Highways, ^j^y couucil sliall have power to appoint the 

mayor commissioner of highways, when, in their 

opinion, such an office is necessary, and allow 

him a suitable compensation therefor. 

Executive Sect. 8. The executive power of said city 

Mayor and xrenerallv, aud the administration of the police. 

Aldermen, n J ^ ^ r > 

with all the powers heretofore vested in the select- 
men of Roxbury, shall be vested in the mayor 
and aldermen, as fully as if the same were herein 
specially enumerated. 



CITY- CHAKTER 



11 



Police Offi- 
ers. 



*And the mayor and aldermen shall have fnWl 
and exclusive power to appoint a constable and 
assistants, or a city marshal and assistants, with 
the powers and duties of constables, and all other 
police officers ; and the same to remove at 
pleasure. 

And the mayor and aldermen may require anycoiistawss- 
person appointed a constable of the city to give 
bonds, with such security as they may deem 
reasonable, before he enters upon the duties of 
his office, upon which bonds the like proceedings 
and remedies may be had, as are by law pro- 
vided in case of constables' bonds taken by the 
selectmen of towns. 

And the mayor and aldermen shall have theLicenses. 
same power to grant licenses to innholders, vict- 
uallers and retailers within the city, which is 
possessed by the mayor and aldermen of the city 
of Boston. 

The city council shall annually, as soon afterio appoint 

*' "^ ^ certain 

their organization as may be convenient, elect,offlcerB. 
by joint ballot in convention, a treasurer and col- 
lector of taxes, a chief engineer, a city clerk, 
and three assessors of taxes, and fix their com- 
pensations. They shall, also, in such manner as 
they shall determine, appoint or elect all other 
subordinate officers, for Avhose election or ap- 
pointmenls other provision is not herein made, 
define their duties and fix their compensations. 

All sitting's of the common council shall besitungs 

c public. 

public, and all sittings of the mayor and alder- 



* Further powers. Act of 1851, ch. 162. 



12 CITYCHAETER. 

men shall also be public, when they are not 
engaged in executive business. 

The city council shall take care that no moneys 
be paid from the treasury, unless granted or 
appropriated ; shall secure a just and proper 
accountability, by requiring bonds, with sufficient 
penalties and sureties, from all persons trusted 
with the receipt, custody or disbursement of 
money ; shall have the care and superintendence 
of the city buildings, with power to let or to sell 
what may be legally sold ; and to purchase prop- 
erty, real or personal, in the name and for the 
use of the city, whenever its interest or con- 
venience may, in their judgment, require it. And 
the city council shall, as often as once in a year, 
cause to be published, for the use of the inhabi- 
tants, a particular account of the receipts and 
expenditures, and a schedule of city property. 
Mayor to Sect. 9. lu all casos in which appointments 

nominate. '■ ^ 

are directed to be made by the mayor and alder- 
men, the mayor shall have the exclusive power 
of nomination ; such nomination, however, being 
subject to be confirmed or rejected by the board 
Members of of aldcrmeu : provided, however, that no person 
not eligible shall bc eligible to anv office of emolument, the 

to offices of O -^ ' 

emolument. g^jg^j.y of whicli is payable out of the city 
treasury, w^ho, at the time of such appointment, 
shall be a member of the board of aldermen or of 
the common council. 

Duties of Sect. 10. Tho cltv clerk shall also be clerk 

City Clerk. '' 

of the board of aldermen, and shall be sworn to 
the faithful performance of his duties. He shall 



CITY CHARTER. i-J 

perform such duties as shall be prescribed by the 
board of aldermen, and he shall perform all the 
duties, and exercise all the powers, by law in- 
cumbent upon, or vested in, the town clerk of 
the town of Roxbury. He shall be chosen for 
one year, and until another shall be chosen and 
qualified in his place ; but may be at any time 
removed by the city council. 

Sect. 11. The qualified voters of each ward,o;;<^rjf«^«;«'>' 
at their respective annual ward meetings for the 
choice of officers, shall elect by ballot one person 
in each ward to be an overseer of the poor, who 
shall be a resident of said ward ; and the persons 
thus chosen, together with the mayor, shall con- 
stitute the board of overseers of the poor, and 
shall have all the power, and be subject to all the 
duties now by law appertaining to the overseers 
of the poor for the town of Roxbury. 

The qualified voters shall, at the same timcschooi 
and in the same manner, elect three persons from 
the city at large, and two persons from each ward, 
to be members of the school committee : and the 
persons thus chosen shall constitute the school 
committee, and have the care and superintend- 
ence of the public schools.* 

The qualified voters shall, at the same time Assistant 

-*- Assessors. 

and in like manner, elect one person in each ward 
to be an assistant assessor, who shall be a resident 
of said ward ; and it shall be the duty of the 
persons so chosen to furnish the assessors with 
all necessary information relative to persons and 

* Vacancies, how filled. Act of 1857, cli. 266. 



14 CITY CHARTER. 

property taxable in their respective wards, and 
they shall be sworn to the faithful performance of 
their duty. 

Assessors. Thc pcrsous to bc chosen by the city council as 
assessors shall constitute the board of assessors, 
and shall exercise the powers and be subject to 
the duties and liabilities of assessors in towns. 

Council All taxes shall be assessed, apportioned and 

may make 

further pro- collectcd lu tho manner prescribed by law relative 

vision for r J ^ 



vision for 
collection 



Vacancies, 
how filled. 



to town taxes : provided, however, that it shall be 
lawful for the city council to establish further and 
additional provision for the collection thereof. 

Should there fail to be a choice of overseers of 
the poor, members of the school committee, or 
assistant assessors in any ward, the vacancy or 
vacancies shall be filled by the city council in 
convention, in the same manner that is provided 
for filling vacancies in the senate of this Com- 
monwealth. 

Highways. Sect. 12. The city council shall have exclu- 
sive authority and power to lay out any new street 
or town way, and to estimate the damages any 
individual may sustain thereby ; but all questions 
relating to the subject of laying out, accepting, 
altering, or discontinuing any street or way, shall 
first be acted upon hy the mayor and aldermen. 

Appeal to And any person dissatisfied with the decision of 

County . ., . , 

commis- the City council m the estimate of damas-es, may 

sioners. '' o ' J 

make complaint to the county commissioners of 
the county of Norfolk, at any meeting held within 
one year after such decision ; whereupon the 
same proceedings shall be had as are now pro- 



CITY CHARTER. 15 

vided by the laws of the Commonwealth in cases 
where persons are aggrieved by the assessment 
of damages by selectmen, in the twenty-fourth 
chapter of the Revised Statutes. 

Sect. 13. All power and authority now byneaith. 
law vested in the board of health for the town of 
Roxbury, or in the selectmen of said town, shall 
be transferred to and invested in the city council, 
to be carried into execution in such manner as 
the city council shall deem expedient. 

Sect. 14. The city council shall have author-^°™™°° 
ity to cause drains and common sewers to be laid 
down through any street or private lands, paying 
the owners such damages as they may sustain 
thereby; and to require all persons to pay a 
reasonable sum for the privilege of opening any 
drain into said public drain or common sewer. 

And the city council may make by-laws, withinspeeuon 

'' •' -^ ' of Lumber 

suitable penalties, for the inspection, survey, ®'''^- 
measurement and sale of lumber, wood, coal and 
bark, brought into the city for sale. 

Sect. 15. All fines, forfeitures and penalties,^j;°^g«°^"; 
accruing for the breach of any by-laws of the citycnrLaws,. 
of Roxbury, or of any of the ordinances of the 
city council, or of any of the orders of the mayor 
and aldermen, may be prosecuted for and recov- 
ered before any justice of the peace in said city 
of Roxbury, by complaint or information in the 
name of the Commonwealth, in the same way and 
manner in which other criminal offences are now 
prosecuted before the justices of the peace within 
this Commonwealth ; reserving, however, in all 
cases, to the party complained of and prosecuted, 



16 CITYCHARTER. 

the right of appeal to the court of common pleas, 
then next to be held in the county of Norfolk, 
from the judgment and sentence of any justice of 
the peace. 

And the appeal shall be allowed on the same 
terms, and the proceedings be conducted therein 
in the same manner, as provided in the one hun- 
dred and thirth-eighth chapter of the Eevised 
Statutes of this Commonwealth. 

And it shall be sufficient in all such prosecu- 
tions to set forth in the complaint the offence 
fully, plainly, substantially, and formally, and it 
shall not be necessary to set forth such by-law, 
ordinance, or order, or any part thereof. 

All fines, forfeitures and penalties so recovered 
and paid, shall be paid to the treasurer of the city 
of Roxbury, and shall enure to such uses as said 
city council shall direct. 

When any person, upon any conviction before 
a justice of the peace, for any breach of any by- 
laws of said city of Roxbury, or any of the ordi- 
nances of the city council, or any of the orders 
of the mayor and aldermen, shall be sentenced to 
pay a fine, or ordered to pay any penalty or for- 
feiture, provided by any such by-law, ordinance 
or order, or, upon claiming an appeal, shall fail 
to recognize for his appearance at the court ap- 
pealed to, and there to prosecute his appeal and 
to abide the sentence or order of the court there- 
on, and in the mean time to keep the peace and 
be of good behavior, and upon not paying the 
fine, penalty or forfeiture, and costs so assessed 
upon him, he shall be committed to prison, there 



CITY CHARTER. l7 

to remain until he or she shall pay such fine, 
forfeiture or penalty, and costs, or be otherwise 
discharged according to law. 

The provisions of this section shall also apply 
to all prosecutions founded on the by-laws or 
ordinances of the town of Roxbury, which may 
continue in force after this act shall go into 
operation. 

Sect. 16. It shall be the duty of the cityRep'esenta- 

•' '' tives. 

council annually, in the month of October, to 
meet in convention and determine the number of 
representatives to be elected by the city to the 
General Court in such year, which shall be con- 
clusive, and the number thus determined shall 
be specified in the warrant calling meetings for 
the election of representatives. 

Sect. 17. All elections for County, State.P'ooeedmgs 

•' ' ^ at and after 

and United States officers, who are voted for \ij'^^^l\f^ 
the people, shall be held at meetings of the citi-stTte,'and 
zens qualified to vote in such elections, in theirofficers. 
respective wards, at the time fixed by law for 
these elections respectively; and at such meet- 
ings all the votes given for said several ofiicers 
respectively shall be assorted, counted, declared 
and registered in open ward meeting, by causing 
the names of all persons voted for, and the num- 
ber of votes given for each, to be written in the 
ward records in words at length. The ward clerk 
shall forthwith deliver to the city clerk a certified 
copy of the record of such elections. The city 
clerk shall forthwith record such returns, and the 
mayor and aldermen shall, within two days after 
every such election, examine and compare all 

a 



List of 



CITY CHARTER. 

said returns, and make out a certificate of the 
result of such elections, to be signed by the mayor 
and a majority of the aldermen, and also by the 
city clerk, which shall be transmitted or delivered 
in the same manner as similar returns are by law 
directed to be made by selectmen of towns. And 
in all elections for representatives to the General 
Court, in case the whole number proposed to be 
elected shall not be chosen by a majority pf the 
votes legally returned, the mayor and aldermen 
shall forthwith issue their warrant for a new 
election, conformably to the provisions of the 
Constitution, and the laws of the Common- 
wealth. 

Sect. 18. Pridr to every election the njayor 

voters. ^^^ aldermen shall make out lists of all the citi- 
zens of each ward qualified to vote in such elec- 
tions, in the manner in which selectmen of towns 
are required to make out lists of voters ; and 
for that purpose they shall have full access to the 
assessors' books and lists, and be entitled to the 
assistance of all assessors, assistant assessors, and 
the city ofi&cers, and they shall deliver said lists, 
so prepared and corrected, to the clerks of said 
wards, to be used at such elections ; and no person 
shall be entitled to vote whose name is not borne 
on such list. 

Meetings of Sect. 19. Gcncral meetings of the citizens 

the citizens. 

qualified to vote may, from time to time, be held, 
to consult upon the public good ; to instruct 
their representatives, and to take all lawful 
measures to obtain redress for any grievances, 
according to the right secured to the people by 



CITY CHARTER. 19 

the Constitation of this Commonwealth. And 
such meetings may and shall be duly warned, 
by the mayor and aldermen, upon the requisition 
of fifty qualified voters. 

Sect. 20. For the purpose of oro-anizino^ thcFirst or-ani- 

^ J- " ^ " zation of the 

system of government hereby established, and^j:jyj^*^^^; 
putting the same into operation in the first in- 
stance, the selectmen of the town of Roxburyfor 
the time being shall, on some day during the 
months of March and April of the present year, 
issue their warrants seven days at least previous 
to the day so appointed for calling meetings of 
the said citizens at such place and hour as they 
may deem expedient, fi^r the purpose of choosing 
a warden, clerk and inspectors for each ward, 
and all other officers whose election is provided 
for in the preceding sections of this act, and the 
transcripts of the records of each ward, specifying 
the votes given fijr the several officers aforesaid, 
certified by the warden and clerk of such ward, 
at said first meeting, shall be returned to the said 
selectmen, whose duty it shall be to examine and 
compare the same, and in case said elections 
should not be completed at the first meeting, then 
to issue new warrants until such elections shall 
be completed ; and to give notice thereof in the 
manner hereinbefore provided to the several per- 
sons elected. And at said first meeting any in- 
habitant of said ward, being a legal voter, may 
call the citizens to order, and preside until a 
warden shall have been chosen. And at said 
first meeting a list of voters in each ward, pre- 
pared and corrected by the selectmen for the time 



20 CITYCHARTER. 

being, shall be delivered to the clerk of each ward 
when elected, to be used as hereinbefore provided. 
And the selectmen shall appoint such time for the 
first meeting of the city council as they may judge 
proper, after the choice of city officers as aforesaid, 
or a majority of the members of both branches, in 
the year one thousand eight hundred and forty- 
six, and shall also fix upon the place and the hour 
of said first meeting, and a written notice thereof 
shall be sent by said selectmen to the place of 
abode of each of the city officers chosen, as pro- 
vided in this section. And after this first elec- 
tion of city officers, and this first meeting for the 
organization of the city council, as in this section 
is provided, the day of holding the annual elec- 
tions, and the day and hour for the meeting of 
the city council, for the purpose of organization, 
shall remain as provided in the sixth section of 
this act. 

And it shall be the duty of the city council, 
immediately after the first organization, to elect 
all necessary city officers, who shall hold their 
offices respectively until others are chosen and 
qualified ; and at the meetings to be called, as 
prescribed in this section, for the choice of ward 
and city officers, the said inhabitants may and 
shall also give in their votes for county officers, 
which votes shall be recorded, certified and re- 
turned in the manner provided in the seventeenth 
section of this act. 

cHrco^uncu ^^*^^- ^1- T^^^ ^i*^J council shall have power 
By-faws. ^0 uiakc all such salutary and needful by-laws 



CITY CHARTER. 21, 

as towns, by the laws of this Commonwealth, 
have power to make and establish, and to annex 
penalties, not exceeding twenty dollars, for the 
breach thereof, which by-laws shall take effect 
and be in force from and after the time therein 
respectively limited, without the sanction of any 
court, or other authority whatever ; provided, 
however, that all laws and regulations now in 
force in the town of Roxbury shall, until they 
shall expire by their own limitation, or be re- 
vised or repealed by the city council, remain in 
force ; and all fines and forfeitures for the breach 
of any by-laws, or ordinance, shall be paid into 
the city treasury. 

Sect. 22. The annual town meeting for the^^^^^^^-^^^^ 
town of Roxbury, which by law is required to beed°eTc?and' 
held in the month of March, or April, is hereby to how over, 
suspended, and all town officers now in office 
shall hold their places until this act shall go into 
operation ; and in case this charter shall not be 
accepted in the manner and form as hereinafter 
provided, then the selectmen shall issue their 
warrant according to law, for holding the annual 
town meeting of the inhabitants, in which all the 
proceedings shall be the same as if this act had 
not been passed. 

Sect. 23. All officers of the town of Roxbury, ^iverj-, 

•' etc., of 

having the care and custody of any records,cfty°cuii. 
papers or property belonging to the said town, 
shall deliver the same to the city clerk, within 
one week after his entering upon the duties of 
his office. 



.22 CITY CHARTER. 

^consistent Sect. 24. All such acts, and parts of acts, as 
provisions. ^^^ inconsistcnt with the provisions of this act, 

shall be and the same are hereby repealed. 
Legislature Sect. 25. NotMnff in this act contained shall 

may alter "^ 

thj^"*^ be so construed as to prevent the Legislature from 

altering or amending the same, whenever they 

shall deem it expedient. 

void^untess Sect. 26. This act shall be void unless the 

byThe^*^ inhabitants of the town of Roxbury, at a legal 

inhabitants. . iiTr*! ini 

town meeting called lor the purpose, shall, by a 
vote of a majority of the voters present and 
voting thereon, by a written ballot, determine to 
adopt the same within twenty days from and after 
its passage. 
When to Sect. 27. This act shall go into operation 

take effect. 

from and after its passage. 

[Passed March 12, 1816.] 



ACCEPTANCE OF THE CHARTER. 23 

EXTRACT FROM THE RECORDS OF THE TOWN 
OF ROXBURY. 

At a meeting of the Freeholders and other inhabitants 
of the town of Roxbury, qualified to vote in town affairs, 
duly warned and legally assembled at the Town Hall, in 
said town, on Wednesday, the 25th day of March, 
A. D. 1846: 

Art. 1. John J. Clarke, Esq., was chosen Moderator. 

The Town voted that the Poll be closed at six o'clock 
this day. 

Art. 2. The qualified voters were called upon by the 
Moderator to bring in their ballots, Yea or Nay, for the 
acceptance or rejection of the Act of the Legislature to 
" Establish the City of Roxbury." 

The same being sorted and counted, it appeared that 
the whole number of ballots given in was one thousand 
and twenty-eight. 

Eight hundred and thirty-six Yeas. 

One hundred and ninety-two Nays. 

Whereupon the Moderator then declared that the "Act 
to Establish the City of Roxbury," had been accepted 
by the people. 

The meeting was then dissolved. 

A true Record. 
Attest: Nath'l S. Prentiss, Town Clerk. 



AMENDMENT. 



CoTThlTlQTllJJGaMtb of JVLcLsscLGhrLusetts . 



In the Year One Tliousand Eight Hundred and Fifty. 



All Act in addition to an Act to Establish the City of 

Roxbuiy. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 

in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the 

same, as follows : 

Sect. 1. The several municipal officers whose election 
by the people is provided for in the act to which this is 
in addition, shall, subsequently to the March election 
of the present year, be chosen on the second Monday of 
December, annually, and shall enter upon the duties of 
their respective offices on the first Monday in January, 
each year ; but the officers chosen for the municipal 
year, commencing with the first Monday of April next, 
shall hold their offices only until the first Monday of 
January ensuing. 

Sect. 2. So much of the sixth section of the act to 
which this is an addition, as relates to warden, clerk and 
inspectors, is hereby repealed. 

Sect. 3. Any vacancy in the office of overseer of the 
poor, assistant assessor, or school committee, may be 
filled in the manner provided in the sixth section of that 
act to which this is in addition, for filling vacancies in 
the common council. 



AMENDMENT. 25 

Sect. 4. The list of jurors in the city of Roxbury, 
shall be prepared by the mayor and aldermen of the city, 
in the same manner as is required in the ninety-fifth 
chapter of the Revised Statutes, to be done by the select- 
men, within and for their respective towns ; and the 
lists, wlien made out by the mayor and aldermen, shall 
be submitted to the common council for concurrent 
revision or amendment. 

Sect. 5. The said Mayor and Aldermen, and the 
clerk of the city, shall severally have and exercise, all 
the powers and duties, with regard to the drawing of 
jurors in the city of Roxbury, and all other matters 
relating to jurors therein, which are, in the ninety-fifth 
chapter of the Revised Statutes, required to be performed 
by the selectmen and town clerks in their respective 
towns ; and all venirs for jurors to be returned from 
Roxbury, shall be served on said mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 6. This act shall be void, unless approved by 
the voters of Roxbury, at meetings held simultaneously 
in the several wards, upon notice duly given, at least 
seven days before the time of said meetings and within 
thirty days after the passage of this act. 

Sect. 7. The mayor and ward officers chosen under 
this act, shall hold their respective offices for one year, 
and until others shall have been chosen in their places 
and qualified to act. 

Sect. 8. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. 

[Approved by the Governor, Feb. 12, 1850.] 



26 ACCEPTANCE OF THE AMENDMENT. 



ACCEPTANCE OF THE AMENDMENT. 

In Board of Aldermen, Feb. 25, 1850. 

Ordered, That Aldermen Young and Ward be a com- 
mittee to examine tbe returns of votes from the several 
wards, as given in this day upon an amendment to the 
city charter, who subsequently reported as follows : 

The special committee to whom was referred the 
returns of votes from the several wards, as given in this 
day upon an amendment to the city charter, entitled 
"An Act in addition to an Act to Establish the City of 
Eoxbury, passed February 12, 1850, submit the follow- 
ing report : 

The whole number of ballots given in the several wards 
was one hundred and twenty-four. 

For the amendment to the city charter, one hundred 
and fifteen ; against the amendment, nine. 

No return was received from Ward Seven. 



C. Young, 
R. Ward, 



Committee. 



Report read and accepted, and the amendment declared 
to be adopted. 

A true copy from the Record. 

Attest: Joseph W. Tucker, City Clerk 



AMENDMENT. 



GorrhTfbOTi-ujGaltTi of JVLcbsscboTiubsetts . 



In the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifty-Two. 



An Act in further addition to an Act to Establish the 
City of Roxbury. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the 
same, as follows : 

Sect. 1. The number of wards of said city shall be 
five, and each ward respectively shall embrace the same 
territory as at present, unless altered as hereinafter 
provided. It shall be the duty of the city council, once in 
five years, to revise, and, if it be needful, to alter said 
wards in such manner as to preserve, as nearly as may 
be, an equal number of voters in each ward. 

Sect. 2. The second section of the said act, entitled 
"An Act to Establish the City of Roxbury," is hereby 
so far amended, that from and after the election of the 
five additional common councilmen for the current muni- 
cipal year, whose election is hereinafter provided for, the 
council called the common council, shall consist of twenty. 



28 AMENDMENT. 

Sect. 3. The mayor and eight aldermen, one alder- 
man to be selected from each ward, and three aldermen 
from the city at large, shall be elected annually, by the 
qualified voters of the city at large, voting in their 
respective Avards, and four common councilmen shall be 
elected annually from and by the voters of each ward, who 
shall be residents of the wards in which they are elected ; 
all of said officers shall be chosen by ballot, and shall hold 
their offices for one year from the first Monday of January, 
and the mayor until another shall be elected and qualified 
in his place ; all of said officers shall be elected on the 
second Monday of December annually, and shall enter upon 
the duties of their respective offices on the first Monday 
of January each year. 

Sect. 4. There shall be elected, at such time in the 
month of February or March, of the present year, as the 
mayor and aldermen shall appoint, by the qualified voters 
of the city at large, voting in their respective wards, 
three aldermen from the city at large, in addition to those 
already elected from wards, and one common councilman 
shall be elected from and by the voters of each ward, in 
addition to those already elected ; and the common coun- 
cilmen so elected shall be residents of the wards in which 
they are elected ; all of said officers shall be chosen by 
ballot, and shall enter upon the duties of their respective 
offices as soon as may be after their election, and shall 
hold their respective offices until the first Monday of 
January next ; and in case of failure of election, of either 
of said aldermen or common councilmen, or in case of 
vacancy from any other cause, the mayor and aldermen 
shall order a new election for the purpose of filling such 
vacancy, as is provided in the sixth section of the act to 
which this is in addition. 



AMENDMENT. 29 

Sect. 5. This act shall be void, unless the inhabi- 
tants of Koxbury, at any general meeting, duly warned 
by public notice, of at least seven days, by the mayor 
and aldermen, shall (within thirty days from the passage 
hereof), by written vote, adopt the same. 

Sect. 6. All acts, or parts of acts, inconsistent here- 
with, are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 7. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. ,. 

[Approved by the Governor, Feb. 11, 1852.] 



30 ACCEPTANCE OF THE AMENDMENT. 



ACCEPTANCE OF THE AMENDMENT. 

EXTRACT FROM THE RECORDS OF THE CITY OF ROXBURY. 

At a meeting of the Inhabitants of the City of Rox- 
biiry, qualified to vote in elections, duly warned and 
legally assembled at the City Hall, in said city, on. Mon- 
day, the 23d day of February, 1852. 

Art. 1. Labaii S. Beecher, Esq., was chosen Mode- 
rator. 

It was voted that the Poll be closed at 7 o'clock. 

Art. 2. The qualified voters were called upon by the 
Moderator to bring in their ballots, Yea or Nay, for the 
acceptance or rejection of the act of the Legislature, en- 
titled "An Act in further addition to an Act to Establish 
the City of Roxbury," passed February 11, 1852. 

The same being sorted and counted, it appeared that 
the whole number of ballots given in, was two hundred 
and fifty-eight. 

Two hundred and forty-five Yeas. 

Thirteen Nays. 

Whereupon the Moderator then declared that the "Act 
in further addition to an Act to Establish the City of 
Roxbury," had been accepted by the people. 

The meeting was then dissolved. 

A true Record. 

Joseph W. Tucker, City Clerk. 



Citn of ^0^ljttrg. 



EULES AND OEDERS 

OP THE 

BOARD OF ALDERMEN. 



I. The order of business shall be as follows : 

1. The journal of the previous meeting shall be read. 

2. Petitions shall next be called for, and be disposed 
of by reference or otherwise. 

3. Such nominations, appointments and elections as 
may be in order, shall be considered and disposed of. 

4. The orders of the day shall be taken up ; mean- 
ing by the orders of the day, the business remaining 
unfinished at the previous meeting, and such communi- 
cations as may have been subsequently sent up from the 
Common Council. 

5. New business may be introduced by any member 
of the Board. 



II. Every Ordinance shall pass through the following 
stages before it shall be considered as having received 
the final action of this Board, viz.: first reading, second 



32 Rules and' Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

reading, passage to be enrolled, passage to be ordained ; 
and every joint resolution shall have two several readings 
before the question shall be taken on its final passage. 

III. An Ordinance may be rejected at either stage 
of its progress, but shall not pass through all its stages 
in one day. 

IV. Standing Committees shall be appointed on the 
Police of the City, on Licenses, on Bills and Accounts 
presented for payment, and on Enrolment ; each of said 
Committees to consist of three members. 

y. No member shall be interrupted while speaking, 
but by a call to order, or for the correction of a mistake ; 
nor shall there be any conversation among the members 
while a paper is being read or a question stated from the 
Chair. 

VI. All Committees shall be appointed and announced 
by the Mayor, except such as the Board of Aldermen 
shall determine to elect by ballot. 

VII. The above rules and orders of business shall 
be observed in all cases, unless suspended by a vote of 
two-thirds of the members present, for a specific purpose. 



RULES AlTD OEDERS 

OP THE 

COMMON COUNCIL 



Right and Duties of the President. 

Sect. 1, The President shall take the chair at the 
hour to which the Council shall have adjourned ; shall call 
the members to order, and, on the appearance of a quo- 
rum, shall cause the minutes of the preceding meeting 
to be read, and proceed to business. In the absence of 
the President, any member present can call the Council 
to order, and preside until a President pro tempore shall 
be chosen by ballot. If, upon a ballot for President pro 
tempore, no member shall receive a majority of votes, the 
Council shall proceed to a second ballot, in which a 
plurality of votes shall prevail. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve order and decorum ; he 
may speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Council, on motion of any member 
regularly seconded. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes ; but if any 
member doubt the vote, the President, without further 
debate upon the question, shall require the members 



34: Rules and Orders of the Common Council, 

voting in the affirmative and negative to arise and stand 
until they are counted, and he shall declare the result ; 
but no decision shall be declared, unless a quorum of the 
Council shall have voted. 

Sect. 4. He shall rise to address the Council, or to 
put. a question, but may read sitting. 

Sect. 5. The President may call any member to the 
chair ; provided such substitution shall not continue 
longer than one evening. When the Council shall deter- 
mine to go into Committee of the Whole, the President 
shall appoint the member who shall take the chair. The 
President may express his opinion on any subject under 
debate ; but in such case he shall leave the chair, and 
appoint some other member to take it; and he shall not 
resume the chair while the same question is pending. 
But the President may state facts and give his opinion 
on questions of order, without leaving his place. 

Sect. 6. On all questions and motions, the President 
shall take the sense of the Council by yeas and nays, 
provided one- third of the members present shall so 
require. 

Sect. 7. In all cases the President may vote. 

Sect. 8. He shall propound all questions in the order 
in which they are moved, unless the subsequent motion 
shall be previous in its nature ; except that in naming 
sums and fixing times, the largest sum and longest time 
shall be put first. 

Sect. 9. After a motion is stated by the President, 
it shall be disposed of by vote of the Council, unless the 
mover withdraw it before a decision or amendment. 

Sect. 10. When a question is under debate, the 
President shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to lay 



In the City of Roxbury, for 1867. 35 

on the table, for the previous question, to postpone to 
a day certain, to commit, to amend, or to postpone 
indefinitely ; which several motions shall have precedence 
in the order in which they stand arranged. 

Sect. 11. He shall consider a motion to adjourn as 
always first in order ; and that motion and the motion 
to lay on the table, or to take from the table, shall be 
decided without debate. 

Sect. 12. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form: — ^^ Shall the main question now be put F" 
— and all debate upon the main question shall be sus- 
pended until the previous question shall be decided. 
After the adoption of the previous question, the sense of 
the Council shall forthwith be taken upon amendments 
reported by a committee, upon pending amendments, and 
then upon the main question. 

Sect. 13. On the previous question, no member shall 
speak more than once without leave ; and all incidental 
questions of order, arising after a motion is made for the 
previous question, shall be decided without debate, except 
on appeal ; and on such appeal, no member shall be 
allowed to speak more than once without leave of the 
Council, 

Sect. 14. When two or more members happen to rise 
at once, the President shall name the member who is 
first to speak. 

Sect. 15. All Committees shall be appointed and 
announced by the President, except such as the Council 
determine to elect by ballot ; and it shall be in order for 
any member to move that the President be appointed on 
any Committee. 



36 Rides and Orders of the Common Council, 



Rights, Duties and Decorum of Members. 

Sect. 16. When any member is about to speak in 
debate, or deliver any matter to the Council, he shall 
rise in his place, and respectfully address the presiding 
officer ; shall confine himself to the question under 
debate, and avoid personality. He shall sit down as soon 
as he is done speaking. No member shall speak, out of 
his place without leave of the President. 

Sect. 17. No member in debate shall mention 
another member by his name ; but may describe him by 
the Ward he represents, or such other designation as may 
be intelligible and respectful. 

Sect. 18. No member speaking shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising to call to order, or to correct a 
mistake. When a member is called to order, he shall 
immediately sit down, unless permitted to explain, and 
the Council, if appealed to, shall decide on the case 
without debate ; and if the decision is against the mem- 
ber, he shall not be permitted to speak, unless by way 
of excuse for the same, until he has made satisfaction. 

Sect. 19. No member shall speak more than twice 
to the same question, if objection be made, until all other 
members choosing to speak shall have spoken ; and if on 
the "previous question," no more than once without 
leave. 

Sect. 20. When a motion is made and seconded, it 
shall be considered by the Council, and not otherwise ; 
and no member shall be permitted to submit a motion in 
writing, until he has read the same in his place, and it 
has been seconded. 



In the City of Roxbury, for 1867. 37 

Sect. 21. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if tlie President direct, or any member of the Council 
request it. 

Sect. 22. When a vote has passed, it shall be in 
order for any member of the majority to move for a 
reconsideration thereof on the same or succeeding meet- 
ing, and if the motion is seconded, it shall be open to 
debate ; but if the motion to reconsider it is not made 
till the next meeting, the subject shall not be reconsid- 
ered, unless a majority of the whole Council shall vote 
therefor. And no more than one motion for the recon- 
sideration of any vote shall be permitted. 

Sect. 23. No member shall be permitted to stand 
up, to the interruption of another, whilst any member is 
speaking ; or to pass unnecessarily between the President 
and the person speaking. 

Sect. 24. Every member who shall be in the Council 
when a question is put shall vote, unless for special 
reasons excused. 

Sect. 25. The division of a question may be called 
for when the sense will admit of it. 

Sect. 26. When the reading of a paper is called for, 
and the same is objected to by any member, it shall be 
determined by a vote of the Council. 

Sect. 27. No standing rule or order of the Council 
shall be suspended, unless three-fourths of the members 
present shall consent thereto ; nor shall any rule or order 
be repealed or amended, without one day's notice being 
given of the motion therefor, nor unless a majority of the 
whole Council shall concur therein. 

Sect. 28. Every member shall take notice of the day 
and hour to which the Council may stand adjourned, and 
shall give his punctual attendance accordingly. 



38 Rules and Orders of the Common Council^ 

Sect. 29. No member shall be obliged to be on more 
than three Standing Committees at the same time, nor 
to be chairman of more than one. 



Of Communications, Committees, Reports and Resolutions. 

Sect. 30. All memorials and other papers addressed 
to the Council shall be presented by the President, or by 
a member in his place, who shall explain the .subject 
thereof; and they shall lie on the table, to be taken up 
in the order in which they are presented, unless the 
Council shall otherwise direct. And every member 
presenting a petition, remonstrance, order, resolution, or 
other paper, shall endorse his name thereon, with a brief 
statement of the nature and object of the instrument. 

Sect. 31. Standing Committees of this Council shall 
be appointed on the following subjects, viz.: On Election 
and Returns, and on Enrolled Ordinances and Resolutions, 
each to consist of three members. 

Sect. 32. No Committee shall sit during the sitting 
of the Council, without special leave. 

Sect. 33. The rules of proceedings in Council shall 
be observed in Committee of the Whole, so far as they 
may be applicable, excepting the rules limiting the time 
of speaking ; but no member shall speak twice to any 
question, until every member choosing to speak shall 
have spoken. 

Sect. 34. When Committees of the Council, chosen 
by ballot, or Committees consisting of one member from 
each Ward, have been appointed or elected, whether 
joint or otherwise, the first meeting thereof shall be 
notified by the Clerk, by direction of the President, and 
they shall organize by the choice of Chairman, and report 



In the City of Roxhtirxj, for 1867. 39 

to the Council; and when Committees, other than those 
above specified, are nominated by the President, the 
person first named shall be Chairman, and in case of the 
absence of the Chairman, the Committee shall have 
power to appoint a Chairman pro tern. 

Sect. 35. All messages to the Mayor and Aldermen 
shall be drawn up by the Clerk, and sent by the Messenger. 

Sect. 36. All ordinances, resolutions and orders shall 
have two several readings before they shall be finally 
passed by this Council ; and all ordinances after being 
so passed shall be enrolled. 

Sect. 37. No ordinance, order or resolution, imposing 
penalties or authorizing the expenditure of money, except 
orders for printing, by either branch of the City Council, 
shall have more than one reading on the same day, if one- 
third of the members present object. 

Sect. 38. The seats of the members of the Council shall 
be numbered, and determined by lot ; and no member 
shall change his seat but by permission of the President. 

Sect. 39. All Special Committees, unless otherwise 
ordered, shall consist of three members. And no report 
shall be received from any Committee, unless agreed to 
in Committee assembled. 

Sect. 40. The Clerk shall keep brief minutes of the 
votes and proceedings of the Council, — entering thereon 
all accepted orders or resolutions, — shall notice reports, 
memorials and other papers submitted to the Council, 
only by their titles, or a brief description of their pur- 
port, — shall notify the Chairmen of the various Commit- 
tees on the part of the Council of their election ; but all 
accepted reports from Special Committees of this Board 
shall be entered at length in a separate journal, to be 
kept for that purpose, and provided with an index. 



40 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

Sect. 41. All salary officers shall be voted for by 
written ballot. 

Sect. 42. It shall be the duty of all Standing Com- 
mittees of the Council to keep records of all their doings 
in books provided for that purpose by the Clerk ; and it 
shall be the duty of the Clerk to attend the meetings of 
said Committees, and make said records when requested 
so to do. 

Sect. 43. No meeting of any Committee sh-all be 
called upon less notice than twenty-four hours. 

Sect. 44. In all elections by ballot, on the part of 
the Council, blank ballots, and all ballots for persons not 
eligible, shall be reported to the Council, but shall not 
be counted in making up the returns, except in cases 
where this Council have only a negative upon nomina- 
tions made by the Mayor and Aldermen. 

Sect. 45. It shall be the duty of every Committee 
of the Council, to whom any subject may be specially 
referred, to report thereon within four weeks from the 
time said subject is referred to them, or ask for further 
time. 

Sect. 46. In any case not provided for by the rules 
and orders of the City Council, the proceedings shall be 
conducted according to " Cushing's Manual of Parlia- 
mentary Practice." 



JOIKT EULES AND ORDERS 

OF TH3 

CITY COUNCIL. 



Sect. 1. At the commencement of the Municipal 
Year, the following Joint Standing Committees shall be 
chosen by ballot, viz. : — 

A Committee on Finance^ to consist of the Mayor, 
two Aldermen, and five members of the Common 
Council. 

A Committee on Accounts, to consist of two Aldermen, 
and three members of the Common Council. 

A Committee on Seiverage, to consist of the Mayor, 
two Aldermen, and five members of the Common 
Council. 

And the following Committees shall be appointed, 
viz. : — 

A Committee on Public Property, to consist of three 
members of the Board of Mayor and Aldermen, and five 
members of Ihs Common Council. 

A Committee on Public Bisfruction, to consist of the 
Mayor, two Aldermen, the President and four members 
of the Common Council. 

A Committee on Fuel, to consist of two members of 
the Board of Mayor and Aldermen, and three members 
of the Common Council. 

6 



42 Joint Rules and Orders of tJie City Council. 

A Committee on Claims, to consist of three members 
of the Board of Aldermen, and five members of the 
Common Council, who shall have full power and authority 
to investigate all claims against the city, and to take 
any measures for the defence of such claims that they 
may deem expedient, and also, under the advice of the 
Mayor, to adjust* and settle all claims not exceeding the 
sum of $100. 

A Committee on Streets, to consist of the MayOr, two 
Aldermen, and five members of the Common Council. 

A Committee on the Fire Department, to consist of 
three members of the Board of Mayor and Aldermen, 
and five members of the Common Council. 

A Committee on Military Affairs, to consist of the 
Mayor, two Aldermen, and five members of the Common 
Council. 

A Committee on Lamps, to consist of three members 
of the Board of Aldermen, and five members of the 
Common Council. 

A Committee on Printing, to consist of two members 
of the Board of Aldermen, and three members of the 
Common Council. 

A Committee on Parks and Squares, to consist of the 
Mayor, two Aldermen, and five members of the Common 
Council. 

A Committee on Watering Streets, to consist of two 
members of the Board of Aldermen, and three members 
of the Common Council. 

On all Joint Committees wherein it is provided that 
the Mayor shall be a member, in case of the non-election, 
decease, inability or absence of that officer, the Chair- 
man of the Board of Aldermen shall act ex-officio. And 
the members of the Board of Aldermen and of the 



Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 43 

Common Council, who shall constitute the Joint Standing 
Committees, shall be chosen or appointed by their respec- 
tive Boards. 

The member of the Board of Aldermen first named in 
eA^ery Joint Committee, of which the Mayor is not a 
member, shall be its Chairman ; and in case of his resig- 
nation or inability, the member of the same Board next 
in order; and after him the member of the Common 
Council first in order shall call meetings of the Committee 
and act as Chairman. 

The Mayor shall be ex-qfficio Chairman of any Joint 
Special Committee of which he is a member. And 
whenever the Chairman of any such Committee shall 
have omitted to call a meeting of its members for the 
space of one week from the time any subject has been 
referred to it, any two of the members of every such Joint 
Committee shall have power to call meetings thereof. 

Sect. 2. In all cases of disagreement between the 
two Boards, when either Board shall request a conference 
and appoint a Committee for that purpose, the other 
Board shall also appoint a Committee to confer, which 
Committee shall forthwith meet, provided both branches 
are then in session, — otherwise, as soon as convenient, — 
and state to each other, either verbally or in writing, as 
either shall choose, the reasons of the respective Boards 
for and against the amendment, confer freely thereon, 
and report to their respective branches. 

Sect. 3. When either Board shall not concur in any 
ordinance or other paper sent from the other Board, the 
Board so non-concurring shall give immediate notice 
thereof to the other branch by written message. 

Sect. 4. All by-laws passed by the City Council 
shall be termed Ordinances; and the enacting style 



44 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

shall be, — " ^e it ordained by the City Council of the 
City of Roxbury." 

Sect. 5. In all votes, when either or both branches 
of the City Council express anything by way of com- 
mand, the form of expression shall be "Ordered;" and 
when either or both branches express opinions, principles, 
facts, OY purposes, the form shall be " Resolved." 

Sect. 6. No Committee shall act by separate consul- 
tation, and no report shall be received unless agreed to 
in Committee actually assembled. 

Sect. 7. No Chairman of any Committee shall audit 
or approve any bill or account against the city, for any 
supplies or services which shall not have been ordered or 
authorized by the Committee. 

Sect. 8. No Committee shall enter into any contract 
with, or purchase or authorize the purchase of any 
article of any of its members. 

Sect. 9. No member of the City Council shall receive 
compensation for services rendered the city, unless by 
direct vote of the City Council. 

Sect. 10. The reports of all Committees, agreed to 
by a majority of the members, shall be made to the 
Board in which the business referred originated. And 
all Committees may report by ordinance, resolve, or 
otherwise. 

Sect. 11. All reports and other papers submitted to 
the City Council shall be written in a ftiir hand, and no 
report of any kind shall be endorsed on the memorials or 
other papers referred to the Committees of either branch, 
and the Clerks shall make copies of any papers to be 
reported by Committees at the req^uest of the respective 
Chairmen thereof. 



Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 45 

Sect. 12. Each Board shall transmit to the other 
all papers on which any Ordinance or, Joint Resolutions 
shall be printed ; and all papers on their passage between 
the two Boards may be under the signatures of the respec- 
tive Clerks, except Ordinances and Joint Resolutions in 
their last stage, which shall be signed by the presiding 
officers. 

Sect. 13. The titles of all Ordinances and Joint 
Resolutions shall be prefixed upon their introduction. 

Sect. 14. Every Ordinance shall have as many 
readings in each Board as the rules of each Board 
require, after which the question shall be on passing 
the same to be enrolled ; and when the same shall have 
passed to be enrolled, it shall be sent to the other Board 
for concurrence ; and when such Ordinance shall have 
so passed to be enrolled in each Board, the same shall 
be enrolled by the Clerk of the Common Council, and 
examined by a Committee of that Board ; and on being 
found by said Committee to be truly and correctly 
enrolled, the same shall be reported to the Council, when 
the question shall be on passing the same to be ordained ; 
and when said Ordinance shall have so passed to be 
ordained, it shall be signed by the President of the 
Common Council, and sent to the other Board, when a 
like examination shall be made by a Committee of that 
Board, and if found correctly enrolled, the same shall 
be reported to the Board, and the question shall be on 
passing the same to be ordained ; and when the same 
shall ha^e passed to be ordained, it shall be signed by 
the Mayor. 

Sect. 15. Every Order and Joint Resolution shall 
have as many readings in each Board as the rules of 



46 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

such Board require, after which the question shall be 
on passing the same ; and when the same shall have 
passed, except orders for printing for the use of either 
branch of the City Council, it shall be sent to the other 
Board for concurrence. 

Sect. 16. No enrolled Ordinance shall be amended. 

Sect. 17. It shall be the duty of every Joint Com- 
mittee (the Committee on Streets excepted), to whom 
any subject may be specially referred, to report thereon 
within four weeks, or ask further time. 

Sect. 18. Either Board may propose to the other, 
for its concurrence, a time to which both Boards will 
adjourn. 

Sect. 19. No business shall be transacted by the 
City Council in convention, except such as shall have 
been previously agreed upon. 

Sect. 20. After the annual appropriations shall have 
been passed, no subsequent expenditure shall be author- 
ized for any object, unless provisions for the same shall 
be made by a specific transfer from some of the appro- 
priations contained in the annual resolution, or by 
expressly creating therefor a city debt ; but no such 
debt shall be created, unless the resolution authorizing 
the same pass by the affirmative votes of two-thirds of the 
whole number of each branch of the City Council, voting 
by yea and nay. 

Sect. 21. No vote by which an order, resolve or 
ordinance has been passed in its final stage, shall be 
reconsidered in either Board after the same has been 
finally acted upon in the other Board, unless the motion 
for reconsideration be made, or notice given, at the same 
meeting at which the vote to be reconsidered passed. 



Joint Rides and Orders of the City Council. 47 

Sect. 22. Ordered, that after the first day of Janu- 
ary, 1867, all bills and demands against the City shall 
be presented for payment on or before the twentieth day 
of the month in which the same shall be payable, and 
it is further ordered, that the City Treasurer cause no 
bills or demands to be placed on the monthly pay rolls 
of the City for payment, unless the same shall have been 
presented in compliance with the above order. 



I •, 



GOVERNMENT 



OF THE 



CITY OF ROXBURY, 

FOR 

1867. 

♦♦* 

MAYOR. 

GEOllGE LEWIS, 

Highland Street. 



ALDERMEN. 




SAMUEL LITTLE, . . 


. Norfolk House, 


At Large, 


DANIEL JACKSON, . 


. Union Street, 


u 


JOHN F. NEWTON, . 


, Moreland Street, 


u 


WILLIAM MORSE, . . 


. Yeoman Street, 


Ward 1. 


WILLIAM BACON, Jr., 


. Auburn Street, 


" 2. 


JOHN Mcelroy, . . 


. Clay Street, 


" 3. 


JAMES E. ADAMS, . . 


. Norfolk House, 


" 4. 


JOHN A. SCOTT, . . 

7 


. Zeigler Street, 


" 5. 



50 CITY OFFICERS 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

FRANCIS HUNNEWELL, President. 

Waed 1. 

Chandler Wright, Davis Street; 

Augustus L. Litchfield, Eustis Street, 

Charles Erskine, Eustis Street, 

Lewis Whitaker, Bradford Place. 

Ward 2. 

Charles E. M. Pratt, Washington Street, 

Daniel G. Clark, Clark Street, 

Benjamin F. Anthony, Pratt's Court, 

John A, Bowdlear, Vernon Street. 

Ward 3. 

James Short, Brooks Street, 

John Downey, Dudley Street, 

James W. Ruth, Tremont Street, 

Woodman M. Mallard, Washington Street. 

Ward 4. 

Francis Hunnewell, Beech Street, 

Isaac F. Atwood, Heath Street, 

Henry B. Stanwood, Alleghany Street, 

David M. Hodgdon, Edinboro' Street. 

Ward 5. 

William Hobbs, Jr., St. James Street, 

Solomon A. Bolster, ....... Regent Street, 

Eben Alexander, Walnut Street, 

Charles H. Blodgett, Dale Street. 



CITY OFFICERS 



51 



JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 

ON FINANCE. 



The Mayor, 


Common Council. 


Aldermen, 


Messrs. Alexander, 


Little, 


Hobbs, Jr., 


Newton. 


Wright, 




Short, 




Clark. 


ON ACCOUNTS. 


Aldermen, 


Common Council. 


Little, 


Messrs. Bolster, 


Scott. 


^Stanwood, 




Downey. 


ON SEWERAGE. 


The Mayor, 


Commoji Council. 


Aldermen, 


Messrs. Litchfield, 


Jackson, 


Pratt, 


Adams. 


Ruth, 




Atwood, 




Blodgett. 


ON PUBLIC PROPERTY. 


Aldermen, 


Common Council. 


Little, 


Messrs. Short, 


Bacon, Jr., 


Whitaker, 


Morse. 


Alexander, 


• 


Pratt, 




Hodgdon. 


ON PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 


The Mayor, 


Common Council. 


Aldermen, 


Messrs. Hunnewell, ex off., 


Little, 


Hobbs, Jr., 


Newton. 


Anthony, 




Wright, 




Ruth. 



52 



CITY OFFICERS 



ON FUEL. 



Aldermen, 
Newton, 
Morse. 



Aldermen, 
Newton, 
Jackson, 
McElroy. 



ON CLAIMS. 



Common Council. 
Messrs. Hobbs, Jr., 
Downey, 
Wright. 

Common Council. 
Messrs. Bolster, 
Downey, 
Bowdlear, 
Erskine, 
Hodo'don. 



ON STREETS. 

The Mayor, Common Council. 



Aldermen, 




Messrs. Litchfield, 


Jackson, 




Mallard, 


Bacon, Jr. 




Blodgett, 

Clark, 

Atwood. 


ON 


FIRE DEPARTMENT. 


Aldermen, 




Common Council. 


Adams, 




Messrs. Atwood, 


Scott, 




Litchfield, 


Morse. 




Hobbs, Jr., 

Anthony, 

Mallard. 




ON LAMPS. 


Aldermen, 




Common Council. 


Adams, 




Messrs. Alexander, 


Jackson, 




Pratt, 


Morse. 




Stanwood, 

Erskine, 

Ruth. 



CITY OFFICERS. 
ON PRINTING. 



53 



Aldermen, 


Common Council. 


Newton, 


Messrs. Bolster, 


Bacon, Jr. 


Wright, 




Short. 


ON PARKS AND SQUARES. 


The Mayor, 


Common Council. 


AldeTmen, 


Messrs. Hobbs, Jr., 


McElroy, 


Anthony, 


Bacon, Jr. 


Atwood, 




Litchfield, 




• Mallard. 


ON WATERING STREETS. 


Aldermen, 


Common Council. 


McElroy, 


Messrs. Downey, 


Scott. 


Hodgdon, 




Blodgett. 


ON MILITARY AFFAIRS. 


The Mayor, 


Common Council. 


Aldermen, 


Messrs. Hunnewell, 


Little, 


Anthony, 


McElroy. 


Alexander, 




Litchfield, 




Short. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF BOARD OF ALDERMEN 

ON POLICE. 

Aldermen Adams, Little and Scott. 

ON LICENSES. 

Aldermen Jackson, Bacon, Jr., and Morse. 

ON ENROLMENT. 

Aldermen Jackson, McElroy and Scott. 

ON BILLS. 

Aldermen Little, Adams and Newton. 



54 CITY OFFICERS. 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 

ON ELECTIONS. 

Messrs. Bolster, Wright and Ruth. 

ON ENROLMENT. 

Messrs. Atwood, Short and Hobbs, Jr. 



CITY CLERK AND CLERK OF BOARD OF ALDERMEN. 

JOSEPH W. TUCKER. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

FRANKLIN WILLIAMS. 



CITY MESSENGER. 

WILLIAM N. FELTON. 



SURVEYORS OF HIGHWAYS. 

THE MAYOR AND ALDERMEN. 



COMMISSIONER OF STREETS, AND SUPERINTENDENT OF SEWERS. 

MOSES H. WEBBER. 



SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 

ALONZO W. FOLSOM. 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

TREASURER AND COLLECTOR. 

JOSEPH W. DUDLEY. 



CLERK. 

JOHN W. PARKER. 



assessors. 
Theodore Otis, Wm. Rumrill, Wm. H. McIntosh. 



CITY OFFICEKS. 



55 



ASSISTANT ASSESSORS. 

Ward 1. George F. Davis, 

2. William Seaver, 

3. Henry Willis, 



Ward 4. Isaac H. Meserve, 
5. John L. Stanton. 



OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 

The Mayor, Chairman. 



Ward 1. True Russell, 

2. Ira Allen, 

3. Henry Willis, 

Ira Allen, Agent, 



Ward 4. George Curtis, 

5. Frederick 0. White. 



THE ALMSHOUSE. 

Ezra Young, Superintendent. 
Geo. J. Arnold, M. D., Physician. 



CEMETERY AT FOREST HILLS. 



board of commissioners. 

William C. Harding, 
Joseph H. Chadwick, 
George Lewis, Secretary, 
George Frost, 
Alvah Kittredge, Chairman, 

Joseph W. Dudley, Treasurer. 
Joseph W. Tucker, Register. 
Oliver Moulton, Superintendent 



city solicitor. 
JOHN W. MAY, 



HARBOR MASTER. 

FRANKLIN WINCHESTER. 



II 
1869 

1870 
1871 

1872 



56 CITY OFFICERS. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

CHIEF ENGINEER. 

JAMES MUNROE. 



ASSISTANT ENGINEERS. 



1. John Culligan, 

2. Phineas D. Allen, 



3. Francis Freeman, 

4. George D, White. 



HEALTH DEPARTMENT 

BOARD OF HEALTH. 

The Mayor and Aldermen. 



CITY PHYSICIAN. 

JOSEPH H. STREETER, M. D. 



consulting physicians. 

Horatio G. Morse, M. D. 
Ira Allen, M. D., 
John S. Flint, M. D. 



superintendent op burial grounds and undertaker. 
JOHN C. SEAVER. 



undertakers. 



Joseph S. Waterman, 
William Manning, 



John Heintz, 
John Haynes. 



CONTRACTOR FOR THE REMOVAL OF NIGHT SOIL. 

W. H. H. YOUNG. 

[Office, Police Station, City Hall.] 



CITY OFFICERS 



57 



POLICE DEPARTMENT 

POLICE COURT. 

STANDING JUSTICE. 

PETEE S. WHEELOCK. 



CLERK. 

ALFRED WILLIAMS. 



SPECIAL JUSTICES. 

Ira Allen, Solomon A. Bolster. 



CITY MARSHAL. 

JOSEPH HASTINGS. 



ASSISTANT MARSHAL. 

JOSEPH HUBBARD. 



CONSTABLES, POLICEMEN, 

William D. Cook, 
Hawley Folsom, 
Matthew Clark, 
Samuel Mcintosh, 
Jeremiah M. Swett, 
William E. Hicks, 
Edward F. Mecuen, 
James Ball, 
Eben T. Hitchcock, 
Artlmr F. Anderson, 
Joseph Parker, 
Thomas Culligan, 
Henry Morse, 
Edwin A. Head, 



AND NIGHT WATCHMEN. 

George R. Matthews, 
George H. Bills, 
Sylvester E. Partridge, 
John W. Chase, 
Henry H. Perkins, 
Oliver P. Ricker, 
Samuel Hichcock, 
Silas M. Littlefield, 
Edward H. Bowman, 
Orlando Austin, 
Henry Kessethuth, 
Walter L. Clark, 
Harvey N. Follensbee, 
William A. Cowles. 



58 



CITY OFFICERS 



CONSTABLES. 



Morrill P. Berry, 
James Munroe, 
Joseph Hubbard, 
Ebenezer Stone, 



Hawlej Folsom, 
William E. Hicks, 
Eben T. Hitchcock, 
Arthur F. Anderson, 
Edward F. Mecuen, 
Joseph Hubbard, 



Elisha M. Davis, 

Moses N.Hubbard, 
Joseph Hastings, 
Phineas B. Smith. 



TRUANT OFFICERS. 

Jeremiah M. Swett, 
William D. Cook, 
Samuel Mcintosh, 
James Ball, 
Matthew Clark. 



SPECIAL POLICE AND NIGHT WATCHMEN. 



James Munroe, 
Ebenezer Stone, 
Wm. H. Hubbard, 
George D. White, 
Wm. H. Matthews, 
Wm. N. Hastings, 
Moses N. Hubbard, 
George W. Decatur, 
Francis Freeman, 



Elliot Trask, 
William Merrill, 
Lewis F. Whiting, 
Phineas D. Allen, 
John Scott, 
John Culligan, 
Jonas Pierce, Jr., 
Edwin S. Hill, 
Bernard Crosby. 



CORONER. 

IRA ALLEN 



CITY OFFICERS 



59 



SUBORDINATE OFFICERS. 



William D. Cook, 
William E. Hicks, 
Sylvester E. PartridgC; 
James Ball, , 

Samuel Mcintosh, 
Edward F. Mecuen, 
Ebenezer B. Rumrill, 
Eben T. Hitchcock, 
Charles D. Bickford, 



FIELD DRIVERS. 

Hawley Folsom, 
Jeremiah M. Swett, 
Matthew Clark, 
Thomas CuUigan, 
Elisha M. Davis, 
Luke Vila, 
Arthur F. Anderson, 
Henry Morse. 



FENCE VIEWERS. 

Moses G-ragg, John Dove. 



POUND KEEPER. 

Thomas M. Cotton. 



SEALERS OF LEATHER. 

Reuben M. Stackpole, I Joseph W. Winslow. 



MEASURES OF WOOD AND BARK. 



Henry Basford, 
Francis Freeman, 
Edwin A. Remick, 



William Seaver, 
Stephen Hammond. 



PUBLIC WEIGHER, AND WEIGHER OF HAY, COAL AND BEEP. 

Andrew W. Newman. 



SEALER OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 

Laban Burt. 



LIQUOR AGENT. 

George B. Faunce. 



60 



WAED OFFICEES 



WARD OFFICERS. 

Ward 1. 



Warden. 
William H. Allen. 

Clerk. 
George F. Seaver. 



Warden. 
Everett C. Kingsbury. 

Clerk. 
Frank C. Pratt. 



Warden. 
James W. Ruth. 

ClerJc. 
George M. Hobbs. 



Warden. 
John R. Withington. 

Clerk. 
Phineas B. Smith, Jr. 



Warden. 
Herbert Wiswall. 

Cle?-k. 
Samuel H. Hunneman, Jr. 



Inspectors. 
Thomas H. Litchfield, 
A. Parker Newman, 
Benjamin F. Chase. 



Ward 2. 



Inspectors. 

Joseph Wood, 
Frederick Kafer, 
James H. Curley. 



Ward 3. 



Inspectors. 

Nicholas Egan, 
John D. Grant, 
John J. Brooks. 



Ward 4. 



Inspectors. 
Pierpont P. Flint, 
Charles H. Plympton, 
Roland C. Shaw. 



Ward 5. 



Inspectors. 
Giles H. Rich, 
Charles T. Barry, 
Daniel Wheeler. 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 61 

PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 

SCHOOL COMMITTEE. 

EDWIN RAY, Chairman. 
FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Secretary. 

Elected at Large. 
WILLIAM A. CRAFTS, 
HORATIO G. MORSE, 
JULIUS S. SHAILER. 

Elected by Wards. 

Ward 1. — Franklin Williams, James Morse. 
2. — Ira Allen, William Seaver. 
3. — Timothy R. Nute,* George M. Hobbs. 
4. — George H. Monroe, Benjamin H. Greene. 
5. — ^Edwin Ray, Moody Merrill. 

STANDING committees. 

Regidations. — Messrs. Monroe, James Morse, Williams. 

t Salaries. — Messrs. Merrill, Greene, Allen, James Morse. 

Accounts. — Messrs. Williams, Seaver, Monroe. 

Books. — Messrs. Ray [ex off.), Crafts, Monroe, Shailer, 
Hobbs. 

Examination of Primary School Teachers. — Messrs. Ray (^ex 
off.), H. G. Morse, Allen, Crafts, Shailer. 

t Music and Elocution. — Messrs. Shailer, Monroe. 

\ Evening School. — Messrs. James Morse, Williams. 



* Resigned, and the vacancy not filled. 

t Vacancy, occasioned by the resignation of Dr. Nute 



62 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS, 



LATIN, HIGH AND GRAMMAR SCHOOLS. 



SCHOOLS. 


LOCATION. 


LOCAL COMMITTEE. 


Latin, . . . . ' . 


Mt. Vernon Place, . . 


Under charge of Trustees. 


High, 


KenHworth Street, . . 


Crafts, Merrm, ShaUer. 


Dudley, .... 


Bartlett Street, . . . 


H. G. Morse, Hobbs, Monroe. 


Washington, . . • 


Washington Street, . . 


Monroe, WUliams^ Allen. 


Dearborn, .... 


Dearborn Place, . . . 


Merrill, J. Morse, Greene. 


■Comins, .... 


Gore Avenue, .... 


Hobbs, Greene, Seaver. 


Prancis Street, . . 


Francis Street, .... 


Crafts, ShaUer, one vacancy. 



LATIN SCHOOL. 

William C. Collar, Principal. 
M. Grant Daniell, Suh- Master: 

PREPARATORY DEPARTMENT. 

Miss Elizabeth Weston, Teacher. 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 



George Putnam, President. 

James Guild, 

Charles K. Dillaway, Sec\j. 

Theodore Otis, 

Samuel P. Blake, 

John S. Sleeper, 



Joseph S. Eopes, 
William S. Leland, 
S. C. Thwing, Treasiirer. 
William C. Appleton. 
James Ritchie, 
John 0. Means. 



HIGH SCHOOL FOR BOTH SEXES, 

Samuel M. Weston, Principal. 
Mary F.. Gragg, Ex Seniors. 
Maria L. Tincker, 2d Division. 
Sarah A. M. Gushing, 3d Division. 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS 



63 



DUDLEY SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. 

Sarali J. Baker, Prhicipal. 
Julia P. Brooks, Assistant. 



TEACHERS. 



Jennie S. Leavitt, 
Mary E. Whippey, 
Helen J. Otis, 



Eliza Brown, 
Mary L. Gore, 
Susan H. Blaisdell. 



WASHINGTON SCHOOL FOR BOYS. 

Leverett M. Chase, Principal. 
Anna M. Williams, Assistant. 



TEACHERS. 



Harriet M. Davenport, 
Mary E, Johnson, 
M. A. Whitney, 
Louisa J. Hovey, 



Mira Pond, 
Harriet A. Lewis, 
Lillie H. Bowman. 



DEARBORN SCHOOL FOR BOTH SEXES, 

William H. Long, Prijicipal. 
Ellen R. White, Assistant. 



TEACHERS. 



Philena W. Rounseville, 
Sarah S. Adams, 
Sarah H. Hosmer, 
Frances H. Breeden, 
Anne M. Backup, 
Helen F. Crawford. 
Harriet E. Burr ell, 



Mary A. Spinney, 
Elizabeth A. Morse, 
Henrietta M. Young, 
Margaret E. Davis, 
Mary C. Bartlett, 
Lizzie M. Wood, 



64 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS 



COMINS SCHOOL FOR BOTH SEXES 

Daniel W. Jones, Principal. 
Anne H. Sliurtleff, Assistant. 



Elizabeth W. Young, 
Eliza C. Fisher, 
Almira W. Chamberline, 
Adeline May, 
Charlotte P. Williams, 
Florence E. Tilton, 



TEACHEES. 

Sarah A. P. Fernald, 
Carrie K. Nickerson, 
Sarah E,. Bonney, 
Dora 0. Wait, 
Mary*F. Drown, 
Emily B. Eliot. 



PEANCIS STEEET SCHOOL FOE BOTH SEXES, 

Sophronia F. Wright, Principal. 



teachee of music in the high and geammar schools. 
Henet W. Alexandee. 



teachee of deawing in the high school. 
Benjamin F. Nutting. 



TEACHEE OF FEENCH IN THE HIGH SCHOOL. 



M'lle De Maltchyce' 



teacher of elocution. 
Moses T. Brown. 



janitor of school buildings. 
Jonas Pierce, Jr. 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 



65 



PEIMARY SCHOOLS 



LOCATION. 




TEACHERS. 


COMMITTEE. 


Ward I. 


George Street 


Mary M. 
Clara L. 


Sherwin 


H. G. Morse. 




Davis, 








Clara L. 


Hewes, 








E. Josie Page, 








Emma M 


. Pevear, 








Flora J. 


Cutter, 






Yeoman Street 


Susan F. 
Anna M. 
EUen M. 
Lizzie D. 


Rowe 

Balch, 
Oliver, 
Ladd, 


Williams. 


<< 


Eustis Street 


Mary F. 


Neal 


Jas- Morse. 






Emma C 


. Wales, 








Mary L. 


Walker, 








Clara H. 


L. Balch, 




Wat?t» TT 


VpTTinn S+vPAt .... 


Anna M 


S^■r^r,o 


Shailer. 


fT J\.J\U XX> 


V ^XllKJSJ. tOLlCv^L • • • ■ • 


Susannah L. Durant, 








Kate F. 


Mayall, 








Abby S. 


Oliver, 




" 


Sudbury Street .... 


Annie G 
Olive E. 


Fillebrown ... 

Emery, 


Seaver. 






Cornelia J. Bills, 








Mary E. 


Gardner, 




<< 


Franklin Place . • • • 


Eunice Atwood 


Allen. 






Sarah J. 


Davis, 








Emma Parker, 




(< 


Avon Place 


Adeline '. 
Abby E. 


L. Reed 


Hobbs. 




Ford, 




tc 


Mill Dam 


Nellie Ca 
Anna M 


plkins •...••••.... 


Seaver. 


Ward III. 


±TX111 i/<llll. .... .... 

Phillips Place 


Eaton 


Crafts. 




Annie E 


Clark, 








Sarah E 


Haskins, 








Caroline 


E. Bicknell, 








Amelia F. Boston, 








Kate M. 


Murphy, 








Lillie E. 


Davis, 




" 


Cottage Place 


Emma L 


. Culligan 


Allen. 






Josephine Maxfield, 








Adeline Beal, 








Lizzie F 


Johnson 




c< 


Francis Street 


Elizabeth M. Hall 


Crafts. 


Ward IV. 


Heath Street 


Jennie E 
Edna C. 


. Lawrence 

Jewett, 


Greene- 


(< 


Centre Street 


Henrietta M. Woodman .... 
Mary Ann Morse, 


Monroe- 


a 


Edinboro' Street • . . 


Emily L 
Josie Ma 


Wilson 


Monroe. 






nsfield. 




Ward V. 


Munroe Street 


Martha Gerrv 


Merrill. 






Almira B. Russell, 




" 


Winthrop Street. . . . 


Frances 
Eliza J. 


H. Brooks 

Goss, 


Ray. 


<< 


Elm Street 


Annie E 


Rmr-nf An 


Merrill. 






Fannie C. H. Bradley. 





WARDS, 

As divided and established by the Board of Selectmen of the 
Town of Eoxbury, March 26, 1846. 

WARD 1. Beginning on Washington Street, at the division 
line between Boston and Roxbury ; thence on the easterly side 
of Washington Street to the Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike f 
thence on the easterly side of said Turnpike to Dudley Street ;. 
thence on the northerly side of said street to Eustis Street;, 
thence on the easterly side of Eustis Street to the division 
line between Roxbury and Dorchester. 

WARD 2. Beginning at the Boston and Roxbury line;: 
thence on the westerly side of Washington to Vernon Street '^ 
thence on the northerly side of Vernon to Ruggles Street ; thence 
on the easterly and northerly side of Ruggles to Parker Street;; 
thence crossing Parker Street over the marshes on the norther- 
ly side of said street to the creek, which is the dividing line 
between Brookline and Roxbury. 

WARD 3. Beginning at the division line between Roxbmy 
and Brookline on Washington Street ; thence on the northerly 
side of Washington Street to the junction of Centre and Wash- 
ington Streets ; thence crossing Washington to Dudley Street ; 
thence on the northerly side of Dudley Street to the Norfolk 
and Bristol Turnpike; thence on the westerly side of said 
turnpike to Washington Street ; thence on the westerly side of 
said street to Vernon Street ; thence on the southerly side of 
Vernon Street to Ruggles Street; thence crossing Ruggles 
Street on the westerly and southerly side of said street to 
Parker Street : thence crossing Parker Street over the marshes 
on the southerly side to the creek which divides Roxbury from 
Brookline, the point where the Second Ward terminates. 



68 WARDS. 

WARD 4. Beginning at the division line between Roxbury 
and Brookline on Washington Street; thence on the southerly 
side of Washington to the junction of Centre and Washing-ton 
Streets; thence crossing to Dudley Street on the southerly 
side of Dudley Street to the Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike ; 
thence on the westerly side of said turnpike to a stone monu- 
ment; thence in a straight line to a stone monument near 
Leonard Hyde's on Centre Street, being the division line be- 
tween West Roxbury and Roxbury; thence in a direct line 
to the division line between Brookline, Roxbury and West 
B,oxbury. 

WARD 5. Beginning at the Roxbury and Dorchester line 
on Eustis Street ; thence on the westerly side of said street to 
Dudley Street; thence on the southerly side of said street to 
Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike ; thence on the easterly side of 
said turnpike to Seaver Street; thence on the northerly side 
of Seaver Street to Brush Hill Turnpike ; thence in a direct 
line to Dorchester line. 



TAXES. 

The amount of Taxes assessed on the Real and Personal 
Estates in the City of Roxbury, from 1846 : 

18 4 6. 
Valuation of Real and Personal Estates, . $12,543,900.00 



At $5.00 per $1,000, is ... . $62,719.50 

No. of Polls 3,668, at $1.50 each, is . . 5,502,00 



Total Tax for 1846, .... $68,221.50 

184 7. 
Valuation of Real and Personal Estates, . $12,628,300.00 



At $5.70 per $1,000, is .... $71,981.31 

No. of Polls 3,806, at $1.50 each, is . . 5,709.00 



Total Tax for 1847, .... $77,690.31 

18 4 8. 
Valuation of Real and Personal Estates, . $13,174,600.00 



At $5.70 per $1,000, is ... . $75,095.22 

No. of Polls 3,999, at $1.50 each, is . . 5,998.50 



Total Tax for 1848, .... $81,093.72 



70 TAXES. 

184 9. 

Valuation of Eeal and Personal Estates, . $13,476,600.00 



At $6.20 per $1,000, is ... . $83,554.92 

No. of Polls 3,982, at $1.50 each, is . . 5,873.00 



Total Tax for 1849, .... $89,527.92 



18 5 0. 

Yaluation of Real Estate, .... $9,560,800.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 4,152,000.00 



$13,712,800.00 



At $6.20 per $1,000, is .... $85,019.36 

No. of Polls 4,125, at $1.50 each, is . . 6,187.50 



Total Tax for 1850, .... $91,206.86 



18 5 1.* 

Valuation of Real Estate, .... $9,649,600.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 4.283,600.00 



$13,933,200.00 



At $6.60 per $1,000, is .... $91,959.12 

No. of Polls 4,223, at $1.50 each, is . . 6,334.50 



Total Tax for 1851, .... $98,293.62 



West Roxbury set off. Valuation of whole included. 



TAXES. "71 



1862 



Valuation of Real Estate, .... $8,786,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 3,148,800.00 



$11,935,200.00 



At $6.40 per $1,000, is .... $76,385.28 

No. of Polls 3,440, at $1.50 each, is . . 5,160.00 



Total Tax for 1852, .... $81,545.28 



■ 1 8 53. 

Valuation of Real Estate, .... $9,070,800.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 3,361,800.00 



$12,432,600.00 



At $7.80 per $1,000, is .... $96,974.28 

No. of Polls 3,623, at $1.50 each, is . . 5,434.50 



Total Tax for 1853, .... $102,408.78 



18 5 4. 

Valuation of Real Estate, .... $9,472,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 3,896,800.00 



$13,369,200.00 



At $7.80 per $1,000, is .... $104,279.76 

No. of Polls 3,833, at $1.50 each, is . . 5,749.50 



Total Tax for 1854, .... $110,029.26 



72 TAXES 



18 5 5 



Valuation of Real Estate, .... $10,714,800.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 4,862,400.00 



$15,577,200.00 



At $7.80 per $1,000, is .... $121,502.16 

No. of Polls 3,804, at $1.50 each, is . . 5,706.00 



Total Tax for 1855, .... $127,208.16 



18 5 6 

Valuation of Real Estate, . . . .$11,594,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 5,066,000.00 



$16,660,400.00 



At $9.00 per $1,000, is .... $149,943.60 

No. of Polls 4,118, at $1.50 each, is . . 6,177.00 



Total Tax for 1856, , ... . . $156,120.60 



185 7. 

Valuation of Real Estate, . . . .$11,923,600.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 5,403,400.00 



.7,327,000.00 



At $10.00 per $1,000, is .... $173,270.00 
No. of Polls 4,152, at $1.50 each, is . . 6,228.00 



Total Tax for 1857, . .... $179,498.00 



TAXES 



185 8 



73 



Valuation of Real Estate, .... $12,404,000.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 5,064,800.00 



.7,468,800.00 



At $9.50 per $1,000, is .... $165,953.60 

No. of Polls 4,316, at $1.71 eacli, is . . 7,380.36 



Total Tax for 1858, .... $173,333.96 



185 9. 

Valuation of Real Estate, .... $14,578,800.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 5,147,400.00 



.9,726,200.00 



At $9.20 per $1,000, is .... $181,481.04 

No. of Polls 4,592, at $1.50 each, is . . 6,888.00 



Total Tax for 1859, .... $188,369.04 



18 6 0. 

Valuation of Real Estate, .... $15,302,600.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 5,246,200.00 



$20,548,800.00 



At $10 00 per $1,000, is .... $205,488.00 
No. of Polls 5,099, at $1.50 each, is . . 7,648.50 



Total Tax for I860, .... $213,136.50 

10 



74 TAXES 



18 6 1 



Yaluation of Eeal Estate, . . . . $15,666,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . .. . 5,185,800.00 



$20,852,200.00 



At $10.00 per $1,000, is . . . . $208,522.00 
No. of Polls 5,080, at $1.50 each, is . . 7,620.00 



Total Tax for 1861, ... . . $216,142.00 



18 6 2. 

Valuation of Real Estate, .... $15,569,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 5,121,200.00 



$20,690,600.00 



At $12.00 per $1,000, is ... . $248,287.20 
No. of Polls 4,719, at $2.00 each, is . . ' 9,438.00 



Total Tax for 1862, $257,725.20 



18 6 3. 

Valuation of Real Estate, $15,609,000.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 5,326,800.00 



$20,935,800.00 



At $13.00 per $1,000, is . . . . $272,165.40 
No. of Polls 4,618, at $2.00 each, is . . 9,236.00 



Total Tax for 1863, . . • . . $281,401.40 



TAXES. 



18 6 4 



75 



Yaluation of Real Estate, .... $16,429,400.00 
Yaluation of Personal Estate, . . . 5,805,000.00 

$22,234,400.00 



At $18.00 per $1,000, is ... . $400,219.20 
No. of Polls 4,921, at $2.00 each, is . . 9,842.00 

Total Tax for 1864, . . . . $410,061.20 



18 6 5. 

Valuation of Real Estate, .... $16,574,900.00 
Yaluation of Personal Estate, . . . 7,005,700.00 



5,580,600.00 



At $21.00 per $1,000, is . • - . . $495,192.60 
No. of Polls 5,410, at $2.00 each, is . . 10,820.00 



Total Tax for 1865, .... $506,012,60 



18 6 6. 

Valuation of Real Estate, . . . .$17,807,200.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 7,937,400.00 



$25,744,600.00 



At $16.00 per $1,000, is ... . $411,913.60 
No. of Polls 6,245, at $2.00 each, is . . 12,490.00 



Total Tax for 1866, .... $424,403.60 



76 TAXES 



18 6 7 



Valuation of Real Estate, . . . .$18,265,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, . . . 8,286,300.00 



$26,551,700.00 



At $19.00 per $1,000, is ... . $504,482.30 
No. of Polls 6,006, at $2.00 each, is . . 1^,012.00 



Total Tax for 1867, .... $516,494.30 



VALUATION OF ESTATES AND NUMBER OF POLLS. 



7T 



VALUATIO 


N OF ] 


ESTATES, AND NUMBER OF 


POLLS 


IN ROXBURY, FROM 1836 to 1867. 




1836 . . . $5,582,400 


. 1,883 


1837 






5,875,000 


2,114 


1838 






5,979,900 


2,047 


1839 






6,438,600 


2,129 


1840 






6,721,000 


2,300 


1841 






6,941,600 


2,474 


1842 






7,341,600 


2,570 


1843 






7,710,000 


2,554 


1844 






8,578,600 


2,977 


1845 






9,569,800 


3,433 


1846 






12,543,900 


3,668 


1847 






12,628,300 


3,806 


1848 






13,174,600 


3,999 


1849 






13,476,600 


3,982 


1850 






13,712,800 


4,125 


1851* 






13,933,200 


4,223 


1852 






11,935,200 


3,440 


1853 






12,432,600 


3,623 


1854 






13,369,200 


3,833 


1855 






15,577,200 


3,804 


1856 






16,660,400 


4,118 


1857 






17,327,000 


4,152 


1858 






17,468,800 


4,316 


1859 






19,726,200 


4,592 


1860 






20,548,800 


5,099 


1861 






20,852,000 


5,080 


1862 






20,690,600 


4,719 


1863 






20,935,800 


4,618 


1864 






22,234,400 


4,921 


1865 






23,580,600 


5,410 


1866 






25,744,600 


6,245 


1867 






26,551,700 


6,006 



*West Eoxbury set off. 



78 



CITY DEBT 



CITY DEBT FOR THE SEVERAL YEARS SINCE THE 
INCORPORATION OF THE CITY. 



1846 


February 1st, 


$22,776.75 


1847 


(( u 


27,609.98 


1848 


" " 


29,443.31 


1849 


IC u 


39,973.65 


1850 


a u 


56,976.65 


1851 


u a 


48,476.65 


1852 


u a 


140,387.05 


1853 


u a 


186,810.40 


1854 


u u 


181,110.40 


1855 


u u 


209,263.95 


1856 


u a 


254,865.95 


1857 


a u 


246,040.95 


1858 


a a ■ ^ 


257,340.95 


1859 


a u 


280,240.95 


1860 


i( a 


410,975.00 


1861 


u u 


613,490.00 


1862 


a u 


721,215.00 


1863 


U li 


831,065.00 


1864 


U iC 


936,180.00 


1865 


u u 


1,049,195.00 


1866 


May " 


943,760.00 


1867 


u u 


1,017,635.00 



SCHOOLS. 79 

AMOUNT PAID FOE SCHOOLS, INCLUDING BUILDING 
AND REPAIR OF SCHOOL HOUSES. 





Teachers' Pay, Fuel 






Year. 


and Contingencies. 


New School Houses. 


Total. 


1846 


$17,104.01 


$8,887.96 


$27,991.97 


1847 


20,555.23 


7,953.37 


28,508.60 


1848 


24,422.69 


20,916.54 


45,338.13 


1849 


25,480.00 


4,198.59 


29,578.39 


1850 


26,177.86 


3,660.55 


29,738.41 


1851 


21,976.32 


15,013.31 


36,989.63 


1852 


24,709.61 


7,949.24 


32,658.85 


1853 


26,391.51 


3,899.12 


30,290.63 


1854 


30,284.69 


26,802.92 


57,087.61 


1855 


32,616.68 


6,239.07 


38,855.75 


1856 


36,266.58 


5,309.16 


41,575.74 


1857 . 


39,223.53 


10,851.46 


50,074.99 


1858 


38,670.81 


9,679.65 


48,350.46 


1859 


43,386.44 


19,347.31 


62,733.75 


1860 


49,010.68 


36,542.78 


85,553.46 


1861 


48,507.52 




48,507.52 


1862 


45,921.47 




45,921.47 


1863 


47,714.95 


14,946.26 


62,661.21 


1864 


57,422.99 


6,359.44 


63,782.43 


1865 


82,505.76 




82,505.76 


1866 


79,731.04 


30,450.38 


110,181.42 



80 FIRE DEPARTMENT. 



AMOUNT PAID FIRE DEPARTMENT, PAY OF MEM- 
BERS, BUILDING ENGINES, HOUSES, REPAIRS, &c. 





New Engine House, 








Year. 


Horses, &o. 


Reservoirs. 


Fire Department. 


Total. 


1846 




$1,299.00 


$5,941.12 


$7,240.12 


1847 




2,090.00 


6,635.79 


8,725.29 


1848 




1,993.81 


5,493.06 


•7,468.87 


1849 




1,271.47 


5,869.14 


7,140.61 


1850 




912.44 


5,407.76 


6,320.20 


1851 






6,618.99 


6,618.99 


1852 




670.77 


7,634.54 


8,305.31 


1853 




1,747.33 


8,232,33 


9,979.66 


1854 






8,681.84 


8,681.84 


1855 




1,593.49 


10,655.08 


12,248.57 


1856 




258.56 


12,203.13 


12,461.69 


1857 




3,014.20 


12,597.64 


15,611.84 


1858 




43.97 


19,123.46 


19,167.43 


1859 




1,700.00 


16,530.78 


18,230.78 


1860 




1,355,32 


21,800.31 


23,155.63 


1861 




2,502.16 


15,367.72 


17,869.68 


1862 




1,200.00 


14,549.61 


15,749.61 


1863 




3,560.45 


15,067.15 


18,627.60 


1864 


$17,528.49 


3,881.25 


17,723.21 


39,132.95 


1865 


6,348.66 


2,722.65 


27,522.14 


36,593.45 


1866 


4,882.60 


2,438.87 


23,078.16 


30,399.63 



SUPPORT OP POOR. 



81 



AMOUNT PAID FOR SUPPORT OF POOR. 



Year. 


Average No. of inmates. 


Whole No. admitted. 


Net cost. 


1846 


120 


410 


$5,586.15 


1847 


. ■ 187 


762 


9,751.95 


1848 


242 


710 


6,052.40 


1849 


216 


627 


9,207.40 


1850 


240 


628 


8,229.08 


1851 


227 


630 


8,478.96 


1852 


185 


507 


6,737.49 


1853 


155 


356 


7,227.14 


1854 


52 


292 


7,776.21 


1855 


25 


90 


4,543.92 


1856 . 


25 


112 


5,491.64 


1857 


25 


228 


6,064.50 


1858 


25 


407 


5,547.72 


1859 


30 


363 


7,525.36 


1860 


36 


344 


9,694.19 


1861 


45 


547 


8,829.16 


1862 


55 


250 


9,212.61 


1863 


36 


175 


9,845.70 


1864 


34 




11,207.79 


1865 


42 


40 


18,768.48 


1866 


— 




14,598.90 



Note. — The amount given as the net cost of the respective years, is not strictly 
correct in every instance, as the Accounts against the Commonwealth have in some 
instances been disallowed by the State Auditor, and a part of them subsequently 
allowed by the Legislature. 



11 



82 



REPAIRS OP HIGHWAYS 



AMOUNT PAID FOR REP 


AIRS ( 


)F HIGHWAY 


1846 .... $7,750.83 


1847 








9,853.38 


1848 








10,029.93 


1849 








12,015.06 


1850 








12,129.46 


1851 








9,698.58 


1852 








19,364.30 


1853 








15,537.45 


1854 








18,608.96 


1855 








29,080.96 


1856 








20,370.12 


1857 








27,178.06 


1858 








21,089.60 


1859 








38,493.13 


1860 








66,489.43 


181S1 








65,823.50 


1862 




- 




32,329.61 


1863 








41,844.96 


1864 








31,757.20 


1865 








44,494.76 


1866 








50,296.39 



POLICE AND WAT C H 



83 



AMOUNT PAID FOR POLICE AND WATCH. 



1846 








$2,363.96 


1847 


. 




3,965.65 


1848 








4,408.41 


1849 








5,004.08 


1850 








4,075.89 


1851 








3,427.27 


1852 








4,271.30 


1853 








4,419.75 


1854 








5,370.68 


1855 








7,817.60 


1856 








9,290.88 


1857 








13,052.35 


1858 








13,746.89 


1859 








16,502.55 


1860 








16,723.15 


1861 








15,396.69 


1862 








16,088.61 


1863 








19,533.70 


1864 








25,013.05 


1865 








35,448.95 


1866 








31,466.77 



84 



LAMPS, 



AMOUNT 


PAID 


FOR LAMPS. 


1846 ... . . $849.06 


1847 








935.94 


1848 








899.01 


1849 








1,094.75 


1850 








1,221.18 


1851 








1,362.63 


1852 








2,431.47 


1853 








3,243.14 


1854 








2,592.75 


1855 








11,469.66 


1856 








8,551.78 


1857 








12,105.71 


1858 








11,281.08 


1859 








10,517.58 


1860 








11,378.78 


1861 








13,656.55 


1862 






* 


11,752.68 


1863 








14,322.69 


1864 








15,328.36 


1865 






. 


20,060.51 


1866 








18,035.04 



SQUARES AND SEWERS. MILITARY EXPENDITURES. 



85 



AMOUNT PAID FOR SQUARES AND SEWERS. 



1861, Squares, 
Sewers, 

1862, Madison Square, 
Sewers, 

1863, Madison Square, 
Sewers, 

1864, Sewer Union Street, 

1865, Sewers, 

1866, " 



$9,243.48 

16,944.64 

8,967.43 

4,302.22 

4,289.93 

16,424.52 

1,069.65 

6,031.73 

107,765.17 



MILITARY EXPENDITURES, AID TO FAMILIES, AND 
BOUNTIES. 



1861 


$26,849.41 


1862 


110,800.07 


1863 


60,135.38 


1864 


254,286.48 


1865 


45,331.00 


1866 


31,966.00 



86 



POPULATION OP ROXBURY 



POPULATION OF ROXBURY AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 



1765 








1,487 


1790 








2,226 . 


1800 








2,765 


1810 








3,669 


1820 








4,135 


1830 








5,247 


1840 








9,087 


1850* 








18,316 


1855 








18,477 


1860 








25,138 


1865 








28,426 



* Including West Roxbuury. 



CATALOGUE 



§0l)ernmm! sf Hit Cit^ flf ^o^iurg, 



PROM ITE 



INSTITUTION IN 1846 TO 1867. 



8S 



PAST MEMBERS OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



18 4 6. 

MAYOR. 

JOHN JONES CLARKE. 



ALDERMEN 



Elijah Lewis, 
Dudley Williams, 
Laban S. Beeclier, 
Moses Day, 



Samuel Walker, 
Samuel Jackson, 
Francis C. Head, 
William Keith. • 



COMMON COUNCIL 



Wakd 1. 
Daniel Jackson, 
Sylvester Bowman, 
William D. Seaver. 



Francis G. Shaw, President. 

Wabd 5. 
Linus B. Comins, 
Stephen Hammond, 
Samuel Weld. 



Wakd 2. 
Abraham G. Parker, 

George S. Griggs, 
Esdras Lord. 

Wakd 3. 
William J. Beynolds, 
William G. Eaton, 
John L. De Wolf. 

Ward 4. 

Alvah Kittredge, 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
James Guild. 



Wabd 6. 

George James, 
Joseph R. Weld, 
Calvin Young. 

Ward 7. 
John Dove, 
Anson Dexter, 
Theodore Dunn. 

Wakd 8. 
Francis G. Shaw, 
George W. Mann, 
Ebenezer Dudley. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

city clerk. 
Joseph W. Tucker. 

clerk op COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



89 



1847.' 
MAYOR. 

HENRY ALEXANDER SCAMMEL DEARBORN. 



ALDERMEN. 



Elijah Lewis, 
William Keith, 
Richard "Ward, 
Calvin Youno-, 



Francis C. Head, 
Robert Gardner, 
William B. Kingsbury, 
Nelson Curtis. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

Linus B. Comins, President. 



Waed 1. 
Daniel Jackson, 
Sylvester Bowman, 
Simeon Litchfield. 

Wakd 2. 
Abraham C Parker, 

George S. Griggs, 
Esdras Lord. 

Waed 3. 
William J. Reynolds, 
William G. Eaton, 
William A. Crafts. 

Ward 4. 
Alvah Kittredge. 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
Nathaniel Mayhew. 



Wakd 5. 
Linus B. Comins, 
Samuel Weld, 
Thomas Lord. 

Ward 6. 
George James, 
Franklin Fearing, 
George H. Williams. 

Ward 7. 
John Dove, 
Anson Dexter, 
James E. Forbush. 

Ward 8. 
Ebenezer Dudley, 
Chauncy Jordan, 
Georare Brown. 



treasurer. 
Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 

CLERK OP COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



12 



90 



PAST MEMBEES OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



18 4 8. 
MAYOR. 

HENRY ALEXANDER SCAMMEL DEARBORN. 



ALDERMEN 



Francis C. Head, 
William Keith, 
Robert Gardner, 
Richard Ward, 



c M M 

Linus B. 
Ward 1 . 
Daniel Jackson, 
Simeon Litchfield, 
Ebenezer Chamberlain. 

Ward 2. 
Abraham G. Parker, 
George S. Griggs, 
Esdras Lord. 

Ward 3. 
William J. Reynolds, 
William G. Eaton, 
William A. Crafts. 

Ward 4. 
Alvah Kittredge, 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
Nathaniel Mayhew. 



William B. Kingsbury, 
Calvin Young, 
Benjamin F. Campbell, 
Samuel P. Blake.- 



N COUNCIL. 

CoMlNS, President. 

Ward 5. 
Linus B. Comins, 
Stephen Hammond, 
Samuel Walker. 

Ward 6. 
Franklin Fearing, 
Atkins A. Clark, 
Enoch Nute. 

Ward 7. 
Theodore Dunn, 
Stephen M. Allen, 
Ebenezer W. Stone. 

Ward 8. 
Chauncy Jordan, ^ 
George Brown, 
Benjamin Guild. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 

CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



91 



18 4 9.' 

MAYOR. 

HENRY ALEXANDER SCAMMEL DEARBORN. 



ALDERMEN 



Francis C. Head, 
Richard Ward, 
William B. Kingsbury, 
Calvin Youno;, 



Nelson Curtis, 
John L. Plummer, 
William Mackintosh, 
Daniel Jackson. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



William A. 
Wakd 1. 

Sylvester Bowman, 
Allen Putnam, 
James Munroe. 

Ward 2. 
Thatcher Sweat, 
Uriah T. Brownell, 
William Seaver. 

Ward 3. 
William J. Reynolds, 
William A. Crafts, 
William Gaston. 

Ward 4. 
Alvah Kittredge, 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
Nathaniel Mavhew. 



Crafts, President. 

Ward 5. 
Stephen Hammond, 
Samuel Walker, 
Aaron D. Williams, Jr. 

Ward 6. 
Atkins A. Clark, 
John F. J. Mayo, 
Jonas Barnard. 

Ward 7. 
Stephen M. Allen, 
Ebenezer W. Stone, 
Ephraim W. Bouve. 

Ward 8. 
Chauncy Jordan, 
George Brown, 
Charles G. Mackintosh. 



treasurer. 
Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 

CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



92 PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 

1850. 

MAYOR. 

HENRY ALEXANDER SCAMMEL DEAEBORN. 



ALDERMEN. 



Francis C. Head, 
Richard Ward, 
William B. Kingsbury, 
Calvin Young, 



Nelson Curtis, 
John L. Plummer, 
William Mackintosh, 
Daniel Jackson.. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

William A. Crafts, President. 



Ward 1. 

Allen Putnam, 
James Munroe, 
Sylvester Bowman. 

Wakd 2. 
Thatcher Sweat, 
William Seaver, 
Uriah T. Brownell. 

Wakd 3. 
William J. Reynolds, 
William A. Crafts, 
William Gaston. 

Wakd 4. 
Alvah Kittredge, 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
Nathaniel Mayhew. 



Wakd 5. 
Aaron D. Williams, Jr., 
Hiram Hall, 
Robert W. Parker. 

Wakd 6. 
Jonas Barnard, 
Hosea B. Stiles, 
John F. J. Mayo. 

Wakd 7. 
Theodore Dunn, 
Stephen M, Allen, 
Jacob P. George. 

Wakd 8. 
Chauncy Jordan, 
George Brown, 
Charles G. Mackintosh. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 

CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



PAST MEMBERS OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



93 



18 5 1. 

MAYOR. 

HENRY ALEXANDER SCAMMEL DEARBORN.* 



Daniel Jackson, 
Richard Ward, 
Calvin Young, 
John L. Plummer, 



ALDERMEN. 

George Curtis, 
Hiram Hall, 
Theodore Dunn, 
George Brown. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

William A. Crafts, President. 
Ward 1. Wakd 5. 



Daniel P. Upton, 
John R. Howard, 
Reuben Winslow, 

Wakd 2. 

Thatcher Sweat, 
Uriah T. Brownell, 
William Seaver. 

Ward 8. 
William A. Crafts, 
William Gaston, 
Joseph Crawshaw. 

Ward 4. 

Alvah Kittredge, 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
George Davenport. 



Aaron D. Williams, Jr., 
Horace Williams, 
Samuel Walker. 

Ward 6. 
Hosea B. Stiles, 
William H. Gray, 
John Richardson. 

Ward 7. 
Jacob P. George, 
John C. Pratt, 
William D. Ticknor. 

Ward 8. 
Charles G. Mackintosh, 
Cornelius Cowing, 
James W. Wason. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 

CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



« Deceased in Xuly, and Samuel Walker elected by the City Council to fill the vacancy. 



94 



PAST MEMBERS OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



185 2. 

MAYOR. 

SAMUEL WALKER. 



ALDERMEN 



Nelson Curtis, 
Benjamin F. Campbell, 
George Curtis, 
Abraham Gr. Parker, 



Alvali Kittredge^ 
Horace Williams, 
James Guild, 
John Hunt. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



William Gaston, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simeon Litchfield, 
John Parker, 
Daniel P. Upton, 
George J. Lord. 

Ward 2. 
John M. Hewes, 
Arial I. Cummings, 
Joseph Houghton, 
Wilder Beal. 

Charles Hickling, 
William S. Leland, 



Ward 5. 



Ward 3. 
William Gaston. 
True Russell, 
John W. Parker, 
Calvin B. Faunce. 

Ward 4. 

George Lewis, 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
Frederick Guild, 
George Davenport. 

William D. Adams, 
Isaac S. Burrell. 



treasurer. 
Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 

CLERK OF common COUNCIL, 

Joshua Seaver. 



PAST MEMBERS OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



95 



18 5 3. 

MAYOR. 

SAMUEL WALKER. 



ALDERMEN 



Nelson Curtis, 
Benjamin F. Campbell, 
George Curtis, 
Abraham G-. Parker, 



Alvah Kittredge, 
Horace Williams, 
John S. Sleeper, 
Charles Hicklino:. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



William Gaston, President. 



Ward 1. 
Daniel P. Upton, 
George J. Lord, 
Franklin Williams, 
Joseph H. Chadwick. 

Ward 2. 
John M. Hewes, 
Joseph Houghton, 
Phineas Colburn, 
Ai'ial I. Cummings. 

William S. Leland, 
William D. Adams, 



Ward 5. 



Ward 3. 
William Gaston, 
John W. Parker, 
Calvin B. Faunce, 
William L. Hall. 

Ward 4. 
Joseph N. Brewer^ 
George Lewis, 
Charles F. Bray, 
Henry Davenpoj-t. 

Isaac S. Burrell, 
William B. May. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 

CLERK OF common COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



96 



PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



1854. 

MAYOR. 

LINUS BACON COMINS. 



ALDERMEN 



Nelson Curtis, 
George Curtis, 
Joseph N. Brewer, 
Charles Hicklino-, 



Greorge J. Lord, 
Eobert W. Ames, 
Calvin B. Faunce, 
Benjamin Perkins. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

James M. Keith, President. 



Ward 1. 
Franklin Williams, 
Joseph H. Chadwick, 
Joseph G-. Torrey, 
Thomas Farmer. 

Ward 2. 

John M. Hewes, 
Joseph Houghton, 
Phineas Colburn, 
Henry Basford. 

William D. Adams, 
William B. May, 



Ward 3. 
Charles B. Bryant, 
Horace King, 
Obed Rand, 
Alden Graham. 

Ward 4. 
Henry Davenport, 
Joseph B. Wheelock, 
George W. Tuxbury, 
John R. Hall. 



Ward 5. 



Walden Porter, 
James M. Keith. 



teeasurer. 
Joseph W. Dudley. 

city CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 

CLERK OP common COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



97 



1855: 

MAYOR. 

JAMES RITCHIE. 



ALDERMEN. 



Calvin B. FauncG; 
Charles Bunker, 
Samuel S. Chase, 
Joseph Houghton, 



c M M 

William 
Ward 1. 
Franklin Williams, 
William Morse, 
Georg-e H. Pike, 
Asa Wyman, Jr. 

Ward 2. 
John M. Marston, 
Alvin M. Bobbins, 
William H. Palmer, 
Benjamin S. Noyes. 

Henry P. Shed, 
Joseph W. Bobbins, 



Asa W3rman, 
Moses H. Webber, 
Francis Gardner, 
William D. Adams. 



ON COUNCIL. 

Ellison, President. 

Ward 3. 
Bobert Simpson, 
Bobert W. Molineux, 
William B. Huston, 
Joseph H. Swain. 

Ward 4. 

Samuel A. ShurtlefF, 
William Ellison, 
Ebenezer W Bumstead, 
Clark I. Gorham. 



Ward 5. 



John W. Wolcott, 
James W. Cushino; 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

<r 
CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



13 



98 



PAST MEMBEES OP THE CITY GOYERNMENT. 



18 5 6. 

MAYOR. 

JOHN SHERBURNE SLEEPER. 



ALDERMEN. 



Nelson Curtis, 
Benjamin Thompsonj 
Charles E. Grant, 
Joseph G. Torrey, 



George S. Griggs, 
Nahum Ward, 
Jonathan P. Robinson, 
Charles C. Nichols. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

John W. May, President. 
Ward 1. Ward 3. 



Franklin Williams, 
William Morse, 
George H. Pike, 
Samuel Pearson, Jr. 

Ward 2. 
Phineas Colburn, 
Timothy R. Nute, 
William P. Fowle, 
Thomas L. D. Perkins. 



James W. Gushing, 
Robert C. Nichols, 



John W. May, 
John E. Go wen, 
William F. Dunning, 
Samuel Little. 

Ward 4. 
Ebenezer W. Bumstead, 
Samuel A. Shurtleff, 
Daniel W. Glidden, 
Alonzo W. Folsom. 



Ward 5. 



John T. Ellis, 
William K. Lewis, 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



99 



1857. 

MAYOR. 

JOHN SHERBURNE SLEEPER. 



ALDERMEN 



Benjamin Thompson, 
Charles E. Grant, 
George S. Griggs, 
Charles C. Nichojs, 



Walden Porter, 
Joseph H. Chadwick, 
Henry Willis, 
George Lewis. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Henry P. Shed, 



Ward L 
Franklin Williams, 
William Morse, 
Albert Brewer, 
George J. Lord. 

Ward 2. 
Alvin M. Bobbins, 
William P. Fowle, 
Thomas L. D. Perkins 
Phineas Colburn. 



Henry P. Shed, 
Robert C. Nichols, 



President. 

Ward 3. 
John W. May, 
Alfred G. Hall, 
Samuel Little, 
John Bowdlear. 

Ward 4. 
John R. Hall, 
Samuel A. Shurtleff, 
William Graham, 
James A. Tower. 



Ward 5. 



William Barton, 
William K. Lewis. 



treasurer. 
Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OP COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 



100 PAST MEMBERS OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 

185 8. 

MAYOR. 

JOHN SHERBURNE SLEEPER. 



ALDERMEN 



George Lewis, 
William S. Leland, 
John C. Clapp, 
Samuel Pearson, 



Benjaman S. Noyes, 
Uriah T. Brownell, 
Samuel A. Shurtleff, 
Ivory Harmon. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



Henry P. Shed, 



Ward 1. 
William Morse, 
Albert Brewer, 
Ebenezer Ryerson, 
Chester M. Gay. 

Ward 2. 
William P. Fowle, 
Gideon B. Richmond. 
Thatcher F. Sweat, 
Albert Batchelder. 



Henry P. Shed, 
Robert C. Nichols, 



Ward 5. 



President. 

Ward 3. 
Alfred G. Hall 
Patrick H. Rogers, 
Thomas J. Mayall, 
John M. Way. 

Ward 4. 
John R. Hall, 
William Graham, 
James A. Tower, 
Hartley E. Woodbridge. 



Ebenezer W. Bumstead, 
William Barton. 



treasurer. 
Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Franklin Williams. 



PAST MEMBERS OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 101 

185 9. 

MAYOR. 

THEODORE OTIS. 



ALDERMEN. 



George Lewis, 
William B. May, 
Joshua B. Fowle, 
William Curtis, 



Benjamin S. Noyes, 
John C. Clapp, 
Alonzo W. Folsom, 
George Frost. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



Ebenezer W. 
Ward 1. 
William Morse, 
Allen Putnam, 
Benjamin F. Campbell, 
Asa Wyman. 

Ward 2. 
Gideon B. Richmond, 
Albert Batchelder, 
John M. Marston, 
Thatcher F. Sweat. 



BuMSTEAD, President. 
Ward 3. 
Alfred G. Hall, 
Patrick H. Rogers, 
William H. Ward, 
Malcom McLaughlin. 

Ward 4. 
John R. Hall 
Hartley E. Woodbridge, 
John H. Bufford, 



Francis Freeman, 



Ward 5. 



Ebenezer W. Bumstead, 
Thomas Farmer, 



John T. Ellis, 
John Dove. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OP COMMON COUNCIL. 

Franklin Williams. 



102 



PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



18 6 0. 

MAYOR. 

THEODORE OTIS. 



ALDERMEN 



William B. May, 
Joshua B. Fowle, 
Jeralimeel C. Pratt, 
William Curtis, 



Gideon B. Richmond, 
John C. Clapp, 
Alonzo W. Folsom, 
George Frost. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

Ebenezer W. Bumstead, President. 



Ward 1. 
Benjamin F. Campbell, 
Asa Wyman, 
L. Foster Morse, 
Charles Stanwood. 

Ward 2. 
Thatcher F. Sweat, 
John M. Marston, 
Albert Batchelder, 
Edward Lans;, Jr. 



Ward 3. 
George B, Faunce, 
Patrick R. Guiney, 
William H Ward, 
Malcom McLaughlin. 

Ward 4. 
Hartley E. Woodbridge, 
Pliineas B. Smith, 
Moses H. Day, 
Frederick A. Brown, 



Ward 5. 



Ebenezer W. Bumstead, 
Charles D, Swain, 



Oliver J. Curtis, 
William H. Mcintosh. 



treasurer. 
Joseph W. Dudley. 

city clerk. 
Joseph W. Tucker. 



clerk op common council. 
Franklin Williams. 



PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



10^ 



18 6 1. 

MAYOR. 

WILLIAM GASTON. 



ALDERMEN 



Samuel Little, 
Isaac S. Burrell, 
Jerahmeel C. Pratt. 
Charles Stanwood, 



Gideon B. Eiclimond, 
Robert Hale, 
Samuel C. Cobb, 
Oliver J. Curtis. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



Ward 1. 
L. Foster Morse, 
Lewis F. Whiting, 
Patrick E. Reed, 
Thomas C. Norton 



George B. Faunce, President. 

Ward 3. 
George B. Faunce, 
Malcom McLaughlin, 
John McElroy, 
True Russell. 



Ward 2. 
Thatcher F. Sweat. 
James T. Buswell, 
Alvin M. Robbins, 
John Stanton. 



Ward 5. 



Charles D. Swain, 
William H. Mcintosh, 



Ward 4. 
Henry P. Shed, 
Moses H. Day, 
Roland Worthington, 
Edward Wise. 



David J. Foster, 
John F. Newton. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joslraa Soaver. 



104 



PAST MEMBERS OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



18 62. 

MAYOR. 

WILLIAM GASTON. 



ALDERMEN 



Samuel Little, 
Samuel 0. Cobb, 
Ariel Low,* 
Charles Stanwood, 



Gideon B. Richmond, 
William R. Huston, 
Phineas B. Smith, 
John H. Lester. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Ward 1. 
L. Foster Morse, 
Lewis F. Whiting, 
Michael W. Dolan, 
Thomas C. Norton, 

Ward 2. 
Alvin M. Robbins, 
Thomas P. Sweat, 
Square G. Brooks, 
George Warren. 



MosES H. Day, President, 

Ward 3. 



Ward 5. 



Charles D. Swain, 
William H. McIntosh,t 



John McElroy, 
Stephen H. Williams, 
Gotlieb F. Burkhardt, 
William Whitney. 

Ward 4. 
Henry P. Shed, 
Moses H. Day, 
Roland Worthington, 
George Putnam, Jr. 



David J. Foster, 
John F. Newton. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 

CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

-Joshua Seaver. 



** Eesigned, and Ivory Harmon elected, 
t Eesigned, and Franklin Curtis elected. 



PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 105 

18 6 3'. 
MAYOR. 

GEORGE LEWIS. 



ALDERMEN. 



Samuel Little, 
Ivory Harmon, 
Phineas B. Smith, 
James E. Adams, 



Gideon B. Richmond, 
William R. Huston, 
Moses H. Day, 
John H. Lester. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

Roland Worthington, President. 



Ward 1. 
L. Foster Morse, 
Edward Myers, 
Michael W. Dolan, 
Roger Drury. 

Ward 2. 
Alvin M. Robbins, 
Square G. Brooks, 
Thomas P. Sweat, 
George Warren. 



Franklin Curtis, 
Nathaniel 0. Hart, 



Ward 3. 

John McElroy, 
Horace H. White, 
Patrick H. Rogers, 
James C. Eagan. 

Ward 4. 
Roland Worthington, 
Henry N. Farwell, 
George Putnam, Jr. 
Francis W. Welch. 



Ward 5. 



John F. Newton, 
William C. Harding. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver. 

14 



106 PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 

18 6 4. 
MAYOR. 

GEORGE LEWIS. 



ALDERMEN 



Samuel Little, 
Phineas B. Smith, 
Ivory Harmon, 
James E. Adams, 



William Seaver, 
Richard Holmes, 
Moses H. Day, 
John F. Newton." 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

Roland Worthington, President. 



Ward 1. 
George H. Pike, 
Augustus L. Litchfield, 
Alvin G. Bartlett, 
L, Foster Morse. 

Ward 2. 
Alvin M. Robbins, 
George Warren, 
Thomas P. Sweat, 
William Bacon, Jr. 



Franklin Curtis, 
Mitchell Leavitt, 



Ward 5. 



Ward 3. 
Horace H. White, 

James C. Eagan, 
Thomas Feely, 
Joseph M. Pike. 

Ward 4. 
Roland Worthington, 
Henry N. Farwell, 
George Putnam, Jr., 
Francis W. Welch. 



John J. Merrill, 
Christopher Tilden, Jr. 



treasurer. 
Joseph W. Dudley. 

city clerk. 
Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Franklin Williams. 



PAST MEMBERS OF THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



107 



18 6 5. 

MAYOR. 

GEORGE LEWIS. 



ALDERMEN 



Samuel Little, 
William C. Harding, 
Daniel Jackson, 
James E. Adams, 



William Seaver, 
Richard Holmes, 
Moses H. Day, 
John F. Newton. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

John Backup, President. 



Ward 1. 
Joseph M. Pike, 
Augustus L. Litchfield, 
Alvin G. Bartlett, 
John A. Scott. 

Ward 2. 
John Backup, 
Thomas P. Sweat, 
George Warren, 
William Bacon, Jr. 



Mitchell Leavitt, 
Asa Wyman, Jr., 



Ward 3. 
Patrick H. Rogers, 
William C. Babbitt, 
Michael Kelly, 
John McElroy. 

Ward 4. 
Charles Houghton, 
Peleg E. Eddy, 
Francis Hunnewell, 
James Tolman. 



Ward 5. 



Christopher Tilden, Jr., 
AuQ-ustus Parker. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Franklin Williams. 



108 PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



18 6 6. 



MAYOR. 

GEORGE LEWIS. 



ALDERMEN. 



Samuel Little, 
William C. Harding, 
Dauiel Jackson, 
James E. Adams, 



William Bacon, Jr., 
John McElroy, 
John Felt Osgood, 
John E. Newton. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

John Backup, President. 
Ward 1. Ward 3. 



Alvin G. Bartlett, 
Augustus L. Litchfield, 
John A. Scott, 
Charles L. Kidder. 

Ward 2. 
John Backup, 
Charles T. Lingham, 
Lucius B. Wright, 
George Richards. 



William Hobbs, Jr., 
Eben Alexander, 



Patrick H. Rogers, 
John Downey, 
Michael Kelly, 
James Short, 

Ward 4. 
Francis Hunnewell, 
Freeman D. Osgood, 
Isaac F. Atwood, 
James Tolman. 



Ward 5. 



John J. Merrill, 
Solomon A. Bolster. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

CITY CLERK. 

Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Franklin Williams. 



PAST MEMBERS OP THE CITY GOVERNMENT. 



109 



18 6 7. 

MAYOR. 

GEORGE LEWIS. 



Samuel Little, 
Daniel Jackson, 
John F. Newton, 
William Morse, 



ALDERMEN. 

William Bacon, Jr., 
John McElroy, 
James E. Adams, 
John A. Scott. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

Francis Hunnewell, President. 



Ward 1. 
Chandler Wright, 
Charles Erskine, 
Augustus L. Litchfield, 
Lewis Whitaker. 

Ward 2. 
Charles R. M. Pratt, 
Benjamin F. Anthony, 
Daniel G. Clark, 
John A. Bowdlear. 



William Hobbs, Jr., 
Eben Alexander, 



Ward 3, 
James Short, 
James W. Ruth, 
John Downey, 
Woodman M. Mallard. 

Ward 4. 
Francis Hunnewell, 
Henry B. Stanwood, 
Isaac F. Atwood, 
David M. Hodo-don. 



Ward 5. 



Solomon A. Bolster, 
Charles H. Blodgett. 



TREASURER. 

Joseph W. Dudley. 

city clerk. 
Joseph W. Tucker. 



CLERK OF COMMON COUNCIL. 

Franklin Williams. 



HISTORICAL LIST OF MEMBERS, 

OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF KOXBURY SINCE THE ADOPTION OF 
THE CITY CHAETEK. 



MAYORS. 

John Jones Clark, 1846. 

Henry Alexander Scammel Dearborn, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51.* 

Samuel Walker, 1852, 53. 

Linus Bacon Comins, 1854. 

James Kitchie, 1855. 

John Sherburne Sleeper, 1856, 57, 58. 

Theodore Otis, 1859, 60. 

"William Gaston, "1861, 62. 

George Lewis, 1863, 64, 65, 66, 67. 

ALDERMEN. 

Elijah Lewis, 1846, 47. 

Dudley 'Williams, 1846. 

Laban Smith Beecher, 1846. 

Moses Day, 1846. 

Samuel Walker, 1846. 

Samuel Jackson, 1846. 

Francis Chandler Head, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50. 

William Keith, 1846, 47, 48. 

Robert Gardner, 1847, 48. 

Richard Ward, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51. 

William Bradbury Kingsbury, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 

Calvin Young, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51. 

Nelson Curtis, 1847, 49, 50, 52, 58, 54, 56. 

Benjamin Franklin Campbell, 1848, 52, 53. 

Samuel Parkman Blake, 1848. 

Daniel Jackson, 1849, 50, 51, 65, 66, 67. 

John Lincoln Plummer, 1849, 50, 51. 

William Mackintosh, 1849, 50. 

George Curtis, 1851, 52, 53, 54. 

Hiram Hall, 1851. 

Theodore Dunn, 1851. 

George Brown, 1851. 

Abraham Gearfield Parker, 1852, 53. 

Alvah Kittredge, 1852, 53. 

Horace Williams, 1852, 53. 

James Guild, 1852. 

John Hunt, 1852. 

John Sherburne Sleeper, 1853. 

Charles Hickling, 1853, 54. 

« Died July 29th, 1851, at Portland, Me. Samuel Walker was elected by the two branches 
of the City Council, August 11th, to All the vacancy. 



112 HISTORICAL LIST OF MEMBEES. 

Joseph Nathaniel Brewer, 1854. 
George JeiFerds Lord, 1854. 
Robert Wilkins Ames, 1854. 
Calvin Barstow Faunce, 1854, 55. 
Benjamin Perkins, 1854. 
Charles Bunker, 1855. 
Samuel Sinclair Chase, 1855. 
Jose^Dh Houghton, 1855. 
Asa Wyman, 1855. 
Moses Howe Webber, 1855. 
Francis Gardner, 1855. 
William Davis Adams, 1855. 
Benjamin Thompson, 1856, 57. 
Charles Edward Grant, 1856, 57. 
Joseph Gendell Torrey, 1856. 
George Smith Griggs, 1856, 57. 
Nahum Ward, 1856. 
Jonathan Pratt Robmson, 1856. 
Charles Carter Nichols, 1856, 57. 
Walden Porter, 1857. 
Joseph Houghton Chadwick, 1857. 
Henry Willis, 1857. 
George Lewis, 1857, 58, 59. 
William Sherman Leland, 1858. 
John Codman Clapp, 1858, 59, 60. 
Samuel Pearson. 1858. 
Benjamin Simmons Noyes, 1858, 59. 
Uriah Tompkins Brownell, 1858. 
Samuel Atwood Shurtlefi', 1858. 
Ivory Harmon, 1858, 63, 64. 
William Bird May, 1859, 60. 
Joshua Bentley Fowle, 1859,- 60. 
William Curtis, 1859, 60. 

Alonzo Williams Folsom, 1859, 60. 

George Frost, 1859, 60. 

Jerahmeel Cummings Pratt, 1860, 61. 

Gideon Babbitt Richmond, 1860, 61, 62, 63. 

Samuel Little, 1861, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67. 

Oliver Jenkins Curtis, 1861. 

Isaac Sanderson Burrell, 1861. 

Charles Stan wood, 1861, 62. 

Robert Hale, 1861. 

Samuel Crocker Cobb, 1861, 62. 

William Ricker Huston, 1862, 63. 

Phineas Bean Smith, 1862, 63, 64. 

John Henry Lester, 1862, 63. 

Ariel Low, 1862.* 

Moses Henry Day, 1863, 64, 65. 

James Edson Adams, 1863, 64, 65, 66, 67. 

William Seaver, 1864, 65. 

Richard Holmes, 1864, 65. 

John Franklin Newton, 1864, 65, 66, 67. 

William Curtis Harding, 1865, 66. 

William Bacon, Jr., 1866, 67. 

John McElroy, 1866, 67. 

John Felt Osgood, 1866. 

WiUiam Morse, 1867. " 

John Adams Scott, 1867. 

* Eesigned, and Ivory Harmon was chosen to fill the vacancy. 



HISTORICAL LIST OP MEMBERS. 113 



PRESIDENTS OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 

Francis George Shaw, 1846. 

Linus Bacon Comins, 1847, 48. 

William Augustus Crafts, 1849, 50, 51. 

William Gaston, 1852, 53. 

James Monroe Keith, 1854. 

William Ellison, 1855. 

John Wilder May, 1856. 

Henry Pinkham Shed, 1857, 58. 

Ebenezer Waters Bumstead, 1859, 60. 

George Burrill Faunce, 1861. 

Moses Henry Day, 1862. 

Roland Worthington, 1863, 64. 

John Backup, 1865, 66. 

Francis Hunnewell, 1867. 

CLERKS OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 

Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 61, 62, 63 
Franklin Williams, 1858, 59, 60, 64, 65, 66, 67. 

COMMON COUNCIL. 
Ward 1. 

Daniel Jackson, 1846, 47, 48. 

Sylvester Bowman, 1846, 47, 49, 50 

William Dudley Seaver, 1846. 

Simeon Litchfield, 1847, 48, 52. 

Ebenezer Chamberlain, 1848. 

Allen Putnam, 1849, 50, 59. 

James Munroe, 1849, 50.* 

Daniel Putnam Upton, 1851, 52, 53. 

Reuben Winslow, 1851. 

John Reed Howard, 1851.* 

John Parker, 1852. 

George Jefferds Lord, 1852, 53, 57. 

Franklin Williams, 1853, 54, 55, 56, 57. 

Joseph Houghton Chadwick, 1853, 54. 

Joseph Gendell Torrey, 1854. 

Thomas Farmer, 1854. 

William Morse, 1855, 56, 57, 59. 

George Harris Pike, 1855, 56, 64. ' 

Asa Wyman, Jr., 1855. 

Samuel Pearson, Jr., 1856. 

Albert Brewer, 1857, 58. 

Ebenezer Ryerson, 1858. 

Joel Gay, 1858.t 

Chester Morse Gay, 1858. 

Benjamin Franklin Campbell, 1859, 60. 

Asa Wyman, 1859, 60. 

Lemuel Foster Morse, 1860, 61, 62, 63, 64. 

Charles Stanwood, 1860. 

Lewis Fales Whiting, 1861, 62. 

Patrick Edward Reed, 1861. 

* Eesigned, and John Parker was elected to fill the vacancy. 
t ReBigBe(i, and 'William Morse was elected to fill the vacancy. 

15 



114 HISTOEICAL LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Thomas C. Norton, 1861, 62. 

Michael WiUiam Dolan, 1862, 63. 

Edward Myers, 1863. 

Roger Drury, 1863. 

Augustus Lafayette Litchfield, 1864, 65, 66, 67. 

Alvin Gardner Bartlett, 1864, 65, 66. 

Joseph Moody Pike, 1865. 

John Adams Scott, 1865, 66. 

Charles Lewis Kidder, 1866. 

Chandler Wright, 1867. 

Charles Erskine, 1867. 

Lewis Whitaker, 1867. 

Ward 2. 

Abraham Gearfield Parker, 1846, 47, 48. 
George Smith Griggs, 1846, 47, 48. 
Esdras Lord, 1846, 47, 48. 
Thatcher Sweat, 1849, 50, 51. 
Uriah Tompkins Brownell, 1849, 50, 51. 
William Seaver, 1849, 50, 51. 
■ John Milton Hewes, 1852, 58, 54. 
Arial Ivers Cummings, 1852, 53. 
Joseph Houghton, 1852, 53, 54. 
Wilder Beal, 1852. 
Phineas Colburn, 1853, 54, 56, 57. 
Henry Basford, 1854. 
John Morrill Marston, 1855, 59, 60 « 
Alvin Mason Robbins, 1855, 57, 61, 62, 63, 64. 
WUliam Hyde Palmer, 1855. 
Benjamin Simons Noyes, 1855. 
Timothy Ricker Nute, 1856. 
William Parker Fowle, 1856, 67, 58. 
Thomas Langdon Dodge Perkins, 1856, 57. 
Gideon Babbitt Richmond, 1858, 59. 
Thatcher Franklin Sweat, 1858, 59, 60, 61. 
Albert Batchelder, 1858, 59, 60. 

Edward Lang, Jr., 1860. 

John Stanton, 1861. 

James Thom Buswell, 1861. 

Thomas Piedmont Sweat, 1862, 63, 64, 65. 

Square Gage Brooks, 1862, 63. 

George Warren, 1862, 63, 64, 65. 

William Bacon, Jr., 1864, 65. 

John Backup, 1865, 66. 

Lucius Banfield Wright, 1866. 

Charles Theodore Lingham, 1866. 

George Richards, 1866. 

Benjamin Franklin Anthony, 1867. 

Charles Robert Mason Pratt, 1867. 

John Augustus Bowdlear, 1867. 

Daniel Gore Clark, 1867. 

Ward 3. 

William James Reynolds, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 
William Greene Eaton, 1846, 47, 48. 
John Landorff De Wolf, 1846. 
William Augustus Crafts, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51. 
w:iiiam Gaston, 1849, 50, 51, 52, 53. 
iph Crawshaw, 1851. 



HISTORICAL LIST OF MEMBERS. 115 



True Russell, 1852, 61. 

John Wells Parker, 1852, 53. 

Calvin Barstow Faunce, 1852, 53. 

William Lewis HaU, 1853. 

Charles Bayley Bryant, 1854. 

Horace King, 1854. « 

Obed Rand, 1854. 

Alden Graham, 1854. 

Robert Simpson, 1855. 

Robert Webb Molineux, 1855. 

William Ricker Huston, 1855. 

Joseph Henry Swain, 1855. 

John Wilder May, 1856, 57. 

John Emery Gowen, 1856. 

William Francis Dunning, 1856. 

Samuel Little, 1856, 57. 

Alfred Gowen HaU, 1857, 58, 59. 

John Bowdlear, 1857. 

Patrick Henry Rogers, 1858, 59, 63, 65, 66. 

Thomas Jeiierson Mayall, 1858. 

John Metcalf Way, 1858. 

Malcom McLaughlin, 1859, 60, 61. 

William H. Ward, 1859, 60. 

George Burrill Faunce, 1860, 61. 

Patrick Robert Guiney, 1860. 

John McElroy, 1861, 62, 63, 65. 

Gotlieb Frederick Burkhardt, 1862. 

Stephen Henry Williams, 1862. 

WUliam Whitney, 1862. 

James Calvert Eagan, 1863, 64. 

Horace Homer White, 1863, 64. 

Joseph Moody Pike, 1864. 

Thomas Feely, 1864. 

William Crocker Babbitt, 1865. 

Michael Kelley, 1865, 66. 

James Short, 1866, 67. 

John Downey, 1866, 67. 

James William Ruth, 1867. 

Woodman March MaUard, 1867. 

Ward 4. 

Alvah Kittredge, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51. 

Joseph Nathaniel Brewer, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53. 

James Guild, 1846. 

Nathaniel Mayhew, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 

George Davenport, 1851, 52. 

George Lewis, 1852, 53. 

Frederick Guild, 1852. 

Charles Frederick Bray, 1853. 

Henry Davenport, 1853, 54. 

Joseph Bond Wheelock, 1854. 

George William Tuxbury, 1854. 

John Roulstone HaU, 1854, 57, 58, 59. 

Samuel Atwood Shurtleff, 1855, 56, 57. 

Wmiam Ellison, 1855. 

Clark Ide Gorham, 1855. 

Ebenezer Waters Bumstead, 1855, 56. 

Daniel Wingate Glidden, 1856. 

Alonzo WUliams Folsom, 1856. 



116 HISTORICAL LIST OF MEMBEES. 

William Graham, 1857, 58. 

James Augustus Tower, 1857, 58. 

Hartley Erskine Woodbridge, 1858, 59, 60. 

John Henry Bufford, 1859. 

Francis Freeman, 1859. 

PhineasBean Sanith, 1860. 

Moses Henry Day, 1860, 61, 62. 

Frederick Augustus Brown, 1860. 

Henry Pinkham Shed, 1861, 62. 

Roland Worthington, 1861, 62, 63, 64. 

Edward Wise, 1861. 

George Putnam, Jr., 1862, 63, 64. 

Henry Newton Farwell, 1868, 64. 

Francis W. Welch, 1863, 64. 

Charles Houghton, 1865. 

Peleg Eseck Eddy, 1865. 

Francis Hunnewell, 1865, 66, 67. 

James Tolman, 1865, 66. 

Freeman David Osgood, 1866. 

Isaac Francis Atwood, 1866, 67. 

Henry BurrUl Stanwood, 1867. 

David M. Hodgdon, 1867. 

Ward 5 

Linus Bacon Comins, 1846, 47, 48. 
Stephen Hammond, 1846, 48, 49. 
Samuel Weld, 184'-, 47. 
Thomas Lord, 1847. 
Samuel Walker, 1848, 49, 51. 
Aaron Davis Williams, Jr., 1849, 50, 61. 
Hiram Hall, 1850. 
Robert Whipple Parker, 1850. 
* Horace Williams, 1851. 
Charles Hickling, 1852. 
William Sherman Leland, 1852, 53. 
William Davis Adams, 1852, 53, 54. 
Isaac Sanderson Burrell, 1852, 53. 
William Bird May, 1853, 54. 
Walden Porter, 1854. 
James Monroe Keith, 1854. 
Henry Pinkham Shed, 1855, 57, 58. 
Joseph Willett Robbins, 1855. . 
John Wesley Wolcott, 1855. 
James William Cushing, 1855, 56. 
Robert Cofield Nichols, 1856, 57, 68, 
John Thomas Ellis, 1856, 59. 
William King Lewis, 1856, 57. 
William Barton, 1857, 58. 
Ebenezer Waters Bumstead, 1858, 59, 60. 
Thomas Farmer, 1859. 
John Dove, 1859. 

Charles Davis Swain, 1860, 61, 62. 
Oliver Jenkins Curtis, 1860. 
William Henry Mcintosh, I860, 61, 62.* 
David .Jones Foster, 1861, 62. 
John Franklin Newton, 1861, 62, 63. 
Franklin Curtis, 1863, 64. 

«* Resigred, and Franklin Curtis elected. 



HISTOEICAL LIST OP MEMBEES. 117 

Nathaniel Oliver Hart, 1863. 
William Curtis Harding, 1863. 
John Jay Merrill, 1864, 66. 
Christopher Tilden, Jr., 1864, 65. 
Mitchell Leavitt, 1864, 65. 
Augustus Parker, 1865. 
Asa Wyman, Jr., 1865. 
William Hobbs, Jr., 1866, 67. 
Eben Alexander, 1866, 67. 
Solomon Alonzo Bolster, 1866, 67. 
Charles Henry Blodgett, 1867. 

Ward 6. 

George James, 1846, 47. 
Joseph Richards Weld, 1846. 
Calvin Young, 1846. 
Franklin Fearing, 1847, 48. 
George Henry Williams, 1847. 
Atkins Augustus Clark, 1848, 49. 
Enoch Nute, 1848. 
John Flavel Jenkins Mayo, 1849, 50. 
Jonas Barnard, 1849, 50. 
Hosea Ballou Stiles, 1850, 51. 
William Henry Gray, 1851. 
John Richardson, 1851. 

Ward 7. 

John Dove, 1846, 47. 
Anson Dexter, 1846, 47. 
Theodore Dunn, 1846, 48, 50. 
James Eri Forbush, 1847. 
Stephen Merrill Allen, 1848, 49, 50. 
Ebenezer Whitten Stone, 1848, 49. 
Ephraim Washington Bouve, 1849. 
Jacob Phillips George, 1850, 51. 
John Carroll Pratt, 1851. 
William Davis Ticknor, 1851. 

Ward 8. 

Francis George Shaw, 1846. 

George Washington Mann, 1846. 

Ebenezer Dudley, 1846, 47. 

Chauncy Jordan, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 

George Brown, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 

Benjamin Guild, 1848. 

Charles Gideon Mackintosh, 1849, 50, 51. 

Cornelius Cowing, 1851. 

James W. Wason, 1851. 

Wards 6, 7 and 8, with parts of Wards 4 and 5, were set off and incorporated, by Act of the 
Legislature, May 24, 1851, into the town of West Roxbury. 



MEMORABILIA. 



The committee appointed to prepare the Municipal Register 
for 1867, have deemed it appropriate to insert in it a brief 
historical record of Roxbury as a town and city. 

From records existing, and from allusions in colony, town 
and church histories, it appears that this territory was settled 
in 1629 and 1630. Church and state, 'in early times, were 
substantially one. A man active in civil life, entrusted with 
important interests, was sure to be an active member also of 
the church. Accordingly, the earliest records relate more to 
parish and church than to civil affairs. 

In the year 1647, according to Ellis's History of Roxbury, 
is found the first authentic account of a board of selectmen 
being chosen, to " consider and establish " for the good of the 
town. In 1653, the names of Philip Eliot, Isaac Morell 
Thomas Welde, Robert Williams, and Edward Dennison, ap- 
pear as the selectmen for that year. This form of town gov- 
ernment existed, without interruption, till the adoption of the 
city charter. 

For more than two hundred years Roxbury continued as a 
town. Here lived and flourished men distinguished in all the 
walks of life, and who were true and loyal to the mother coun- 
try in the colonial days. The town furnished eminent civilians, 
whose names and deeds fill an important part in the history 
of that era. 



120 M EMOE ABILI A. 

No one in church affairs won a more enduring fame than 
John Eliot, the pastor of the first parish for the years between 
1633 and 1650, and who labored with untiring zeal among the 
Indians. 

Roxbury was foremost in her interest in the cause of public 
education, and the funds left by Thomas Bell and his coadju- 
tors, from which its valuable Latin School derives support, 
were among the first devised for that purpose in America. 

Coming down to the time of the Revolution, we fin.d that the 
town, in 1770, had about 1500 inhabitants, full of patriotism, 
and zealously espousing the cause of the colonies against Great 
Britain. In public meetings, they condemned the action of the 
British soldiers who fired into the crowd of citizens in State 
Street, in March of that year, and stigmatized by name, with 
patriotic indignation, those who continued the sale or use of 
tea, and other contraband articles, which the people had 
solemnly declared an intention to do without, as long as duties 
were exacted upon them. 

When Independence was declared, the people of Roxbury 
heartily sustained the action of Congress, and many of her 
citizens took up arms in defence of the coloilial cause against 
the mother country. Gen. Warren earned a deathless fame by 
his martyrdom on Bunker Hill, and Major General Heath, 
and other heroes, were among our citizens. 

Within her borders were erected forts, which overlooked and 
commanded Boston, and afforded protection to the raw recruits 
brought to contend with the disciplined soldiery of Britain. It 
is stated, on the authority of Edward Everett, that the night 
previous to the evacuation of Boston by the British, in 1776, 
was passed by Gen. Washington in these forts. 

From year to year, Roxbury continued to grow steadily in 
population and prosperity ; but for some time previous to 1846; 
those parts of the town known as Jamaica Plain, and Spring 
Street, desired to be set off as a separate town. They alleged 
that their interests, being chiefly agricultural, were different, 
from those of the lower part of the town, and they complained 



MEMORABILIA. 121 

that their distance from the town-house, and other places where 
the public business was transacted; was so great as to cause them 
much inconvenience and expense. Though several attempts 
were made, they failed to get the consent of the majority of 
the citizens, and their request was not granted. 

These discussions led a large portion of the people to con- 
sider the propriety of adopting a city form of government. It 
was urged that a division of the territory into wards would 
afford facilities for voting, and would mitigate the evils which 
had begun to appear from calling together in one place so 
large a number of citizens to transact public business. 

An act creating a city charter was at length obtained from 
the Legislature, and, on the 25th of March, 1846, the citizens 
were called upon to vote upon its acceptance or rejection. By 
reference to page 23 of this work, a record of the action of 
the town will be found, from which it appears that, by a major- 
ity of 744, the city charter was accepted, and the territory 
divided into eight Wards. Our population was then 15,000. 
The city government was speedily organized, and Hon. John J. 
Clarke was chosen the first Mayor, 

For some years succeeding, no agitating question affected the 
welfare of the new city. 

In 1850, Samuel D. Bradford and others petitioned for a 
division of the city. The City Government was adverse to this, 
and by resolutions opposed the measure; but the petitioners 
carried their request to the Legislature, which decreed in their 
favor, and the upper portion of the territory, under the name of 
" West Roxbury," was set off and made into a town by an act 
passed May 24, 1851. 

There still remained after the separation a population of 
15,012, being nearly the same in amount as when the city was 
originally chartered. The city charter was altered to meet 
the new emergency, and the city went steadily on in population 
and prosperity. 

In 1852, a portion of the citizens began the discussion of the 
union of the cities of Roxbury and Boston. Public meetings 

16 



122 MEMORABILIA. 

were held; and the subject was fully discussed, affirmatively 
and negatively. The result of this movement was a petition 
to the Legislature, signed by Isaac T. Allard and others, in 
favor of the union. The subject was fully considered by a 
committee of that body, but leave to withdraw on the petition 
was given. 

In 1853, the subject was again discussed, and a vote was 
taken by the citizens on the measure. There were 262 votes 
in favor, 399 against, and nothing further was done in this 
view for some time. 

About this time, the question arose as to the right of owner- 
ship in a large quantity of flats lying in the Back Bay, over 
which Roxbury had held constant jurisdiction. The Commis- 
sioners having in charge the improvements of the Back Bay, 
claimed the territory as belonging to the State, and urged that 
if it were placed under the municipal control of Boston, it 
would largely increase in value, and be more likely to be laid 
out in a comprehensive and systematic manner. The subject 
was referred to the late Hon. Marcus Morton, as auditor, 
who decided, after a full investigation of the facts and history 
of the case, that the title was vested in Roxbury. But, on 
appeal, the Supreme Court decided that the State was the true 
owner, according to the right of eminent domain. For its more 
immediate and better improvement, this territory, embracing 
seventy-one acres, was at once put under the jurisdiction 
of Boston. 

In 1857, the annexation project was again renewed. A peti- 
tion asking the City Government to petition the Legislature to 
pass an act of union was largely signed, and the government 
caused a vote of the people to be taken in December of that 
3^ear. The result was a vote of 808 yeas, to 762 nays; but 
in view of the small majority given, the city authorities did not 
see fit to act further in the matter. 

In 1859, a petition was presented to the Legislature by Wm. 
Whiting and others, of Roxbury, and J. V. 0. Smith and 
others, of Boston, for the union of the two cities. The subject 



MEMORABILIA. 123 

was again considered before a committee of that body, both 
petitioners and remonstrants being represented by able coun- 
sel. The result was two reports, one signed by the majority, 
in favor of the measure, the other from the minority, giving 
leave to withdraw. The latter report was adopted by the 
Legislature. 

In 1864, large numbers once more signed petitions to the 
Legislature for a measure of annexation. Conspicuous among 
these were men who had hitherto stood foremost in opposition ; 
but the project was still strongly resisted. After another pro- 
tracted hearing by a committee of the Legislature, a bill was 
reported favoring the union ; but it was rejected in the Senate. 

Though again defeated, the friends of the measure were 
untiring in their efforts, and public opinion was fast changing 
in its favor. In April, 1866, the Boston City Council adopted 
the following order : 

Ordered, That wheneyer the City Council or Selectmen of any city or town, 
whose territory adjoias that of the City of Boston, shall notify the City Council of 
Boston that, in accordance with a vote of their respective bodies, they are em- 
powered to consult with the authorities of Boston with a view to the annexation to 
the City of Boston of their city or town, it shall be the duty of His Honor the 
Mayor of Boston to appoint three Commissioners from the citizens of Boston, to 
meet an equal number from the city or town making the request. Said Commis- 
sioners shall take the whole subject into consideration, and those appointed on the 
part of Boston shall report to the City Council the financial, industrial and sani- 
tary condition of the city or town applying for admission, with such suggestions as 
they may think proper regarding conditions which would make such annexation 
desirable. 

In accordance with this order, Hons. William Geay and 
Moses Kimball, and A. S. Wheeler, Esq., were appointed 
Commissioners on the part of Boston. 

A similar order to that of Boston was subsequently adopted 
by the City Council of Roxbury, and Hons. William Gaston, 
Theodore Otis, and James Ritchie, were appointed Commis- 
sioners on the part of this city. 

The Boards of Commissioners from the respective cities each 
agreed unanimously upon a report, recommending annexation, 



124 MEMORABILIA. 

and both boards reported to the respective City Governments. 
Their reports were accepted, and had much influence in pro- 
curing the success of the annexation measure. 

In 1867, a special committee of the Legislature was appointed 
to hear and act upon a petition in favor of annexation, signed 
by Henry Bartlett and others. The hearing was brief, as 
the opponents of the measure made no appearance, and a bill 
in favor of the union of Boston and Roxbury was unanimously 
submitted, and passed both houses by large majorities. This 
bill was vetoed by the Governor, on the ground that it did not 
allow the people of the two cities a voice in its adoption ; but 
another bill was immediately substituted, to be dependent upon 
a vote* of the people before taking effect, which passed the 
Legislature, and was signed by the Executive. 

On the second Monday in September, 1867, the citizens of 
Roxbury were called to vote upon its acceptance or rejection. 
The whole number of votes was 2424, of which there were yeas 
1832 and nays 592 ; and by a majority of 1240 votes, the act 
of annexation was accepted by the citizens of Roxbury, Bos- 
ton, by a large majority, also accepted it, and the question was 
at last settled. 

A retrospective view of the history of Roxbury, both as town 
and city, affords much that is gratifying to her people. Her 
chief magistrates have been among the most worthy and re- 
spected of her citizens, filling their offices with credit and dig- 
nity. But two of the number have deceased, — Gen. H. A. S. 
Dearborn, who died while in office, at Portland, July 29, 1851, 
where he had gone on a visit ; and Samuel Walker, who died 
Dec. 11, 1860. Both of these men were distinguished for 
ability and usefulness, and left a lasting impression on the 
community in which they resided. 

During the war, our city was fully equal to the demands of 
the occasion. Roxbury furnished 3271 volunteers to the army, 
and dispensed aid to them and their families with a liberal 
hand. The amount of money disbursed by the city on account 
of the war was $545,367.34. 



MEMORABILIA. 125 

A beautiful monument has been erected to the fallen heroes 
of Roxbury, by the city, at Forest Hills Cemetery, which will 
embalm their names and perpetuate the recollection of their 
glorious deeds in the minds of a grateful posterity. 

The existence of Roxbury is soon to cease. Its destiny 
as a municipality is nearly fulfilled. On the first of January next 
a population of about 30,000, and a valuation of $26,551,700, 
will pass under the control of the consolidated city of Boston, 
and the destinies of the people of Roxbury be forever merged 
in the new municipality. Let us trust that the prosperity of 
the people of the united cities will prove all that the most ardent 
friends of the union have predicted, and that their future history 
will be as creditable as that which wc have now reviewed. 

JOHN F. NEWTON, 
WILLIAM BACON, JR., 
SOLOMON A. BOLSTER, 
CHANDLER WRIGHT, 
JAMES SHORT. 
Eoxbury, November, 1867. 



BILL POR ANNEXATION 



The following is a copy of the Act of the Legislature uniting 
the cities of Boston and Roxbury into one municipality : 

[Chap. 359,] 
A"N Act to unite the cities of Boston and Roxbury. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. All that territory now comprised within the limits 
of the city of Boxbury, in the county of Norfolk, with the inhabi- 
tants and estates therein, is hereby annexed to and made part of 
the city of Boston, in the county of Suffolk, and shall hereafter con- 
stitute a part of the county of Suffolk, subject to the same municipal 
regulations, obligations and liabilities, and entitled to the same 
immunities in all respects as the said city of Boston : ^provided, 
however, that until constitutionally and legally changed, said terri- 
tory shall continue to be, for the purpose of electing members of the 
house of representatives, part of the county of Norfolk, constituting 
the third and fourth representative districts thereof; for the pur- 
pose of electing a senator, part of the first Norfolk senatorial dis- 
trict ; for the purpose of electing a councillor, part of council dis- 
trict number three ; and for the purpose of electing a representative 
in congress, part of congressional district number three, as the same 
are now constituted. 

All the duties now required by law to be performed by the mayor 
and aldermen and city clerk, of the city of Boxbury, or either of 
them, pertaining to the election of representatives in congress, state 
councillors, senators and members of the house of representatives, 
shall in like manner devolve upon and be performed by the board 
of aldermen and city clerk of the city of Boston. 



128 BILL FOR ANNEXATION TO BOSTON. 

Ifc shall be the duty of the ward officers of the several wards, that 
shall be erected out of said territory as hereinafter provided, to 
make return of all votes that may be cast therein, from time to time, 
for representatives in congress, state councillors, senators, members 
of the house of representatives, and for all other national, state, 
district, county, municipal and ward officers, to the city clerk of the 
city of Boston. 

Sect. 2. All the public property of the said city of Roxbury 
shall be vested in and is hereby declared to be the property of the 
city of Boston ; and said city of Boston shall succeed to all the 
rights, claims, causes of action, rights to uncollected taxes, liens, 
uses, trusts, duties, privileges and immunities of said city of Rox- 
bury. The city treasurer of the city of Roxbury shall, on or before 
the second Monday of January, in the year eighteen hundred and 
sixty-eight, under the direction of the mayor and aldermen of said 
city of Roxbury, who shall for this purpose, and for all other pur- 
poses necessary to carry into full eiFeet the provisions of this act, 
continue to hold their offices over, transfer, deliver, pay over and 
account for to the city treasurer of the city of Boston, all books, 
papers, moneys and other property in his possession as city treasu- 
rer of said city of Roxbury, when this act shall take effect ; and the 
city of Boston shall become liable for and subject to all the debts, 
obligations, duties, responsibilities and liabilities of said city of 
Roxbury, All actions and causes of action which may be pending, 
or which shall have accrued at the time this act shall take effect, in 
behalf of or against the city of Roxbury, shall survive, and may be 
prosecuted to final judgment and execution, in behalf of or against 
the city of Boston. 

Sect. 3. The several courts within the county of Suffolk, after 
this act shall take effect, shall have the same jurisdiction over all 
causes of action and proceedings in civil causes, and over all mat- 
ters in probate and insolvency, which shall have accrued within said 
territory hereby annexed, that said courts now have over like 
actions, proceedings and matters within the county of Suffolk ; 
frovicled, however, that the several courts within the county of Nor- 
folk shall have and retain jurisdiction of all actions, proceedings and 
matters, that shall have been rightfully commenced in said courts 
prior to the time when this act shall take effect ; and the supreme 
judicial court and the superior court within the county of Suffolk, 
after this act shall take effect, shall have the same jurisdiction of all 



BILL FOR ANNEXATION TO BOSTON. 129 

crimes, offences and misdemeanors, that shall have been committed 
within the said territory, that the supreme judicial court and the 
superior court within the county of Norfolk now have jurisdiction 
of; provided, proceedings shall not have been already commenced 
in any of the courts within^the county of Norfolk, for the prosecu- 
tion of said crimes, offences and misdemeanors ; in which case the 
said courts within the county of Norfolk shall have and retain juris- 
diction of the same for the full, complete and final disposition 
thereof. All suits, actions, proceedings, complaints and prosecu- 
tions ; and all matters of probate and insolvency which shall be 
pending within said territory, before any court or justice of the 
peace, when this act shall take effect, shall be heard and determined 
as though this act had not passed. 

Sect. 4. Said territory shall continue a judicial district under 
the jurisdiction of the police court of the city of Roxbury, which 
shall continue to exist, and shall hereafter be designated and known 
by the name of the municipal court for the southern district of the 
city of Boston. Said court shall have the same civil and criminal 
jurisdiction in said district and the same civil jurisdiction in the 
county of Suffolk as the police courts, other than that of the city of 
Boston, have by law in their respective districts and counties. 

Appeals shall be allowed from all judgments of said court, in like 
manner and to the same courts that appeals are now allowed from 
the judgments of the municipal court of the city of Boston. All 
acts and duties (if any), now incumbent upon the city council of the 
city of Roxbury, or either branch thereof, relating to the said court 
of the city of Roxbury, shall hereafter devolve upon and be per- 
formed by the city council of the city of Boston. All fines and for- 
feitures, and all costs in criminal prosecutions in said court, and all 
fees and charges received in said court in civil proceedings, shall be 
accounted for and paid over, in the same manner as is now provided 
for the municipal court within the city of Boston. 

Sect. 5. The city council of the city of Boston shall as soon as 
may be after the fifth day of November in the year eighteen hundred 
and sixty-seven, divide the said territory into three wards, one of 
which shall comprise the same territory now comprised in said 
fourth representative district, and the other two shall be so consti- 
tuted as to contain as nearly as practicable an equal number of legal 
voters ; and the wards thus established shall so remain until the 
alteration of the ward limits of said city of Boston provided by law. 
17 



130 BILL FOR ANNEXATION TO BOSTON. 

And the clerks of the said wards shall for the purpose mentioned in 
section eleven of the eighth chapter of the Gleneral Statutes of this 
Commonwealth assemble at such places as are or shall be required 
by law. And the board of aldermen are hereby authorized to des- 
ignate such places, whenever such designation shall by law become 
necessary or proper, and said board shall succeed to all the powers 
and duties in reference to the same which are now vested in the 
county commissioners of the county of Norfolk. And each of the 
wards so established shall be entitled to all the municipal and ward 
officers which each of the other wards of said city of Boston is enti- 
tled to. And the board of aldermen of said city of Boston shall, in 
due season, issue their warrants for meetings of the legal voters of 
said wards respectively, to be held on the second Monday of De- 
cember in the year eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, at some place 
within said wards respectively, which shall be designated in said 
warrants, there first to choose a warden, clerk, and five inspectors of 
elections for each of said wards, who shall hold their offices until the 
first Monday of January in the year eighteen hundred and sixty- 
eight, and until others shall be chosen and qualified in their stead ; 
second, to give in their ballots for the several municipal and ward 
officers for the year eighteen hundred and sixty-eight for which they 
shall be entitled to vote by virtue of the provisions of this act. 

The voters of each of said wards shall designate by their ballots 
cast at said meetings, the term of service for which each of the six 
school committee men, who shall be chosen in each of said wards, 
shall serve, so that two of the number chosen in each ward shall 
serve for three years, two for two years, and two for one year. The 
board of aldermen of the city of Boston shall prepare lists of all the 
legal voters in said wards respectively, to be used at said meetings, 
and shall do all other things which they are now by law required to 
do in respect to like elections in other wards in the city of Boston ; 
and at said meetings, any legal voter of said wards respectively may 
call the citizens to order, and preside until a warden shall have been 
chosen and qualified. 

All ward officers whose election is provided for in this section 
shall be qualified according to law. The citizens of the territory 
by this act annexed to the city of Boston, shall have the same right 
to vote for municipal officers, at the annual municipal election of the 
city of Boston, in the year eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, as 



BILL FOR ANNEXATION TO BOSTON. 131 

they would have had if said territory had formed part of the city of 
Boston for more than six months next before said election. 

Sect. 6. All provisions of law requiring an election of muni- 
cipal and ward officers for said city of Roxbury on the second Mon- 
day of December in the year eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, for 
the municipal year then next ensuing, are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 7, After the present municipal year, the board of alder- 
men of the city of Boston shall consist of twelve members, and the 
common council of the city of Boston shall consist of sixty mem- 
bers. The number of wards of said city, including the wards to be 
formed out of the territory hereby annexed, shall be fifteen. 

Sect. 8. The several police officers and watchmen that may be 
in office in the city of Roxbury when this act shall take effect shall 
thereafter continue in the discharge of their respective duties, in the 
same manner as if they were police officers and watchmen of the 
city of Boston, until others shall be appointed in their stead. 

Sect. 9. All the interest which the city of Roxbury now has in 
the public property of the county of Norfolk, is hereby released and 
acquitted to said county of Norfolk. Such proportion of the debts 
and obligations of the county of Norfolk, existing when this act 
shall take full effect, over and above the value of all the property 
belopging to said county as should proportionally and equitably be 
paid by the inhabitants and property owners of the territory by this 
act annexed to the city of Boston, shall be paid by said city of Bos- 
ton to said county of Norfolk ; and the supreme judicial court shall 
have jurisdiction in equity to determine the amount of such propor- 
tion (if any), and enforce the payment of the same upon a suit in 
equity, in the name of said county, to be brought therefor within six 
months after this act shall go into full operation, by the county com- 
missioners of said county of Norfolk, if they shall deem such suit for 
the interest of said county ; but no such suit shall be instituted after 
said six months. 

Nothing contained in this act shall impair the obligation of con- 
tracts ; and the property and inhabitants of the territory by this act 
annexed to the city of Boston shall continue liable to the existing 
creditors of the county of Norfolk, in like manner as if this act had 
not been passed : provided, that if any person, by reason of his 
being an inhabitant of, or owning property in, said territory, shall 
be compelled to pay any part of an existing debt or obligation of 



132 BILL FOR ANNEXATION TO BOSTON. 

the county of Norfolk, the amount of such payment shall constitute 
a debt to him from said county as hereafter to be constituted, exclu- 
sive of said territory, and may be recovered in like manner as other 
debts against the county of Norfolk. 

Sect. 10. This act shall not take full effect, unless accepted by 
a majority of the legal voters of each of said citieiJ ^^esent and 
voting thereon by ballot, at meetings which shall be he^a in the sev- 
eral wards of said cities, respectively upon notice duly given, at 
least seven days before the time of said meeting. Meetings for that 
purpose shall be held simultaneously in said cities on the second 
Monday of September next. And the polls shall be opened at nine 
o'clock in the forenoon of said day, and shall be closed at six o'clock 
in the afternoon. 

In case of the absence of any ward officer, at any ward meeting, 
held in either city for the purpose aforesaid, a like officer may be 
chosen jpro tempore, by hand vote, and shall be duly qualified and 
shall have all the powers and be subject to all the duties of the reg- 
ular officer, at said meetings. Said ballots shall be "Yes" or 
" No " in answer to the question, " Shall an act passed by the leg- 
islature of the Commonwealth in the year eighteen hundred and 
sixty-seven, entitled ' an act to unite the cities of Boston and Rox- 
bury' be accepted?" Such meeting shall be called, notified and 
warned by the mayor and aldermen of the city of Roxbury, and the 
board of aldermen of the city of Boston, respectively, in the same 
manner in which meetings for the election of municipal officers in 
said cities respectively are called, notified and warned. The bal- 
lots given in shall be assorted, counted and declared, in the wards 
in which they are given in open ward meeting, and shall also be 
registered in the ward records. The clerk of each ward in the city 
of Boston shall make return of all ballots given in, in his ward, and 
the number of ballots in favor of the acceptance of this act and the 
number of ballots against said acceptance to the board of aldermen 
of the city of Boston, and like returns by the clerks of the several 
wards in the city of Roxbury shall be made to the mayor and alder- 
men of the city of Roxbury. All of said returns shall be made 
within forty-eight hours of the close of the polls. 

It shall be the duty of the board of aldermen of the city of 
Boston, and of the mayor and aldermen of the city of Roxbury, 
respectively, to certify and return as soon as may be the bal- 
lots cast in their respective cities, and the number of ballots in 



BILL FOR ANNEXATION TO BOSTON. 133 

favor of the acceptance of this act and the number of ballots against 
said acceptance, in their respective cities, to the secretary of the 
Commonwealth. And if it shall appear that a majority of the votes 
in each of said cities is in favor of the acceptance of this act, the 
said secretary shall immediately issue and publish his certificate de- 
claring th'' 6t to have been duly accepted. 

Sect. 11." So much of this act as authorizes and directs the 
submission of the question of acceptance of this act to the legal 
voters of said cities, respectively, provided for in the tenth section 
of this act, shall take effect upon its passage. 

Sect. 12. If this act shall be accepted as herein provided, it 
shall take effect on the fifth day of November, in the year eighteen 
hundred and sixty-seven, so far as to authorize, legalize and carry 
into effect the acts and provisions of the fifth, sixth and seventh sec- 
tions of this act ; but for all other purposes (except as mentioned in 
section eleven of this act), it shall take effect on the first Monday of 
January, in the year eighteen hundred and sixty-eight. 

Sect, 13. If any election or balloting upon the question of the 
acceptance of this act, by either of said cities, shall within two 
months thereafter be declared void by the supreme judicial court, 
upon summary proceedings, which may be had in any county on the 
petition of fifty voters of either city, the question of accepting said 
act shall be again submitted to the legal voters of said city, and 
meetings therefor shall within thirty days thereafter be called, held 
and conducted, and the votes returned and other proceedings had 
thereon, in like manner as hereinbefore provided. But no election 
or balloting shall be held void for informality, in calling, holding, or 
conducting the election, or returning the votes, or otherwise, ex- 
cept upon proceedings instituted therefor and determined within 
sixty days thereafter, as aforesaid. 

[Approved, June 1, 1867.] 



134 NEW DIVISION OP WAEDS. 



WARDS, 

As divided and established by the Boston City Council, Novem- 
ber 7, 1867. 

Wakd Numbek Thikteen: — Beginning at the centre of Wash- 
ington Street at the line heretofore existing between Boston and 
Roxbury; thence by the centre of said street to Gruild Row;, thence 
by the centre of Guild Row to Dudley Street ; thence by the centre 
of Dudley Street to Eustis Street; thence by the centre of Eustis 
Street to the boundary line between Roxbury and Dorchester ; 
thence on said boundary line to the boundary line heretofore exist- 
ing between Boston and Roxbury; thence on said boundary line 
between Boston and Roxbury to the point of beginning. 

Wakd Number Foxjeteen: — Beginning at the centre of Wash- 
ington Street at the boundary line heretofore existing between Bos- 
ton and Roxbury; thence by the centre of said street to Gruild Row; 
thence by the centre of Guild Row to Dudley Street ; thence by the 
centre of Dudley Street to Eustis Street; thence by the centre of 
Eustis Street to the boundary line between Dorchester and Rox- 
bury; thence on said boundary line to the boundary line between 
West Roxbury and Roxbury; thence on said boundary line between 
West Roxbury and Roxbury to the centre of Shawmut Avenue, at 
the point where it crosses said line ; thence by the centre of Shaw- 
mut Avenue to Bartlett Street; thence by the centre of Bartlett 
Street to Dudley Street ; thence by the centre of Dudley Street to 
Putnam Street ; thence by the centre of Putnam Street to Shailer 
Avenue, so called; thence by the centre of Shailer Avenue, so called, 
to Cabot Street ; thence by the centre of Cabot Street to Culvert 
Street ; thence by the centre of Culvert Street to Tremont Street ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont Street, to the boundary line here- 
tofore existing between Boston and Roxbury; thence by said boun- 
dary line between Boston and Roxbury to the point of beginning. 

Ward Number Fifteen: — Beginning at the centre of Tre- 
mont Street at the boundary line heretofore existing between Bos- 
ton and Roxbury ; thence by the centre of Tremont Street to Cul- 



NEW DIVISION OF WAEDS. 135 

vert Street ; thence by the centre of Culvert Street to Cabot Street ; 
thence by the centre of Cabot Street to Shailer Avenue, so called ; 
thence by the centre of Shailer Avenue, so called, to Putnam 
Street ; thence by the centre of Putnam Street to Dudley Street ; 
thence by the centre of Dudley Street to Bartlett Street ; thence by 
the centre of Bartlett Street to Shawmut Avenue ; thence by the 
centre of Shawmut Avenue to the boundary line between West 
Roxbury and Roxbury ; thence on said line between West Roxbury 
and Roxbury to the boundary line between Brookline and Roxbury ; 
thence on said boundary line between Brookline and Roxbury to the 
boundary line heretofore existing between Boston and Roxbury ; 
thence on said boundary line between Boston and Roxbury to the 
point of beginning. 



MAY 16 1905 



jt