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City Document. — iVb. 7, 


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YEAR 1867. 



18 6 7. 

Otitj 0f lifl^krs. 

In School Committee, April 26th, 1867. 

The Chairman appointed the following members as the Annual Examining 
Committee, viz. : 

High and Grammar Schools. — Messrs. Shailer, Nute, Hobbs, H. G. Morse, 
James Morse, Allen, and Greene. 

Primary Schools. — Messrs. Monroe, Crafts, Williams, Merrill, and 

December 10th, 1867. 

Ordered, That the several reports be committed to Messrs. Rat, Shailer, 
Monroe, and Williams, to revise, and cause to be printed the usual number of 
copies, to be distributed to the citizens of this City, as the Annual Report of the 
School Committee. 

Attest: FRANKLIN WILLIAMS, Secretary. 


The Board of School Committee of Roxbury, at the expira- 
tion of their term of office, present to the citizens their Report 
for the year 1867. 

They are glad to be able to announce that the excessively 
crowded condition of the Primary Schools of the city, to which 
allusion was made in the Chairman's report of last year, was 
relieved, some nine months since, by the completion of a new 
school-house on Phillips Street. This building, the erection of 
which was begun a little more than a year ago, is commodious 
and well appointed in every respect, and may be fairly expected 
to meet the wants of its section of the city for a number of 
years to come. At the same time it is to be noticed that the 
relief afforded the Primary Schools by this new building can 
be but temporary, so far as the whole city is concerned, and 
that the growing needs of the community will continue to call 
for increased accommodations in this department. Indeed, it is 
proper to state here, that before the expiration of a year a new 
Primary School building will, in the judgment of the Board, 
be required in the First Ward of the city. 

The Committee also feel it their duty to state that, in their 
opinion, the Centre Street School-house is in an improper and 
dangerous location; and they trust that, in compliance with 
their repeated recommendations to the City Government, a 
new building will soon be erected to take its place. The 


crowded condition of the Heath Street School-house also calls 
for the earliest practicable action on the part of the successors 
to our present City Government. 

Our Grammar Schools continue to be filled to overflowing. 
This condition of things is in the highest degree unfavorable 
to the progress of the schools, and, taken in connection with 
their general high standing in scholarship and deportment, 
indicates a great amount of laborious and intelligent exertion 
on the part of the teachers. The Committee are gratified at 
being able to promise speedy relief in this particular. The 
City Council, at the request of the School Board, have voted 
to build a new Grammar School-house in Ward Five, of the 
capacity of twelve rooms, on a lot of land at the corner of 
Dale and Oneida Streets. It is believed that the erection of 
this structure will afford sufiicient Grammar School accommo- 
dation to the city for several years to come. During the sum- 
mer vacation, also, two large and commodious rooms in the 
attic story of the Dearborn School-house have been finished, 
and made ready for occupancy. By means of this improve- 
ment all the members of the school have been brought under 
one roof, — an arrangement at once favorable to the interests 
of the school and agreeable to the principal, though the advan- 
tage was obtained by the loss of a singing hall, which was 
much needed. 

The cases of truancy during the past year have been few. 
The vice is believed to have been nearly eradicated by the rigid 
enforcement of the truant laws ; and the Board desire to thank 
the City Marshal and his efficient aids for the good service 
which they have thus rendered to the cause of education 
among us. 

Early in the year the salaries of the female assistant teachers 
of the Grammar Schools and of those employed in the Primary 
Schools were raised about twenty per cent., and those of the 
principals of the Grammar Schools ten per cent. The Board 
are of the opinion that the advance was just and equitable, and 
that our teachers as a rule are none too well paid for the 


service they render the city. The fact is to be observed, 
moreover, that the salaries which we give are even now less 
than those paid the teachers of Boston, with which city ours is 
so soon to be united. 

The Evening School during the past winter has been a per- 
fect success, — nearly twice as many availing themselves of its 
privileges as had attended in former years. It has been 
already reopened for this winter, under the most favorable 
auspices. This school is devoted almost exclusively to the 
instruction of adults, the ages of those who attend its sessions 
ranging from fifteen to sixty years. The Board feel that this 
institution has done a good work in the past, and that it may 
also do a good work in the future. There can be no doubt 
that, rightly conducted, it will prove to be a power for good 
in the community, and an efficient help to many who, without its 
aid, would make but small advances in education; and they 
sincerely trust that it will be maintained and strengthened 
under our incoming city government. 

The Committee, teachers, and parents, have worked together 
during the year with the usual harmony and good feeling. In 
only one instance has there been any conflict between a teacher 
and a parent, and in that the Board felt the teacher to be in no 
degree at fault. The circumstances of this case are probably 
familiar to most of our citizens. A criminal prosecution was 
commenced against Mr. L. M. Chase, the master of the Washing- 
ton School, for punishing a boy for throwing stones on his way 
home from school at teams passing in the street. Judgment 
was rendered against the master by the justice of the lower 
court, but, on appeal to the Superior Court for the County of 
Norfolk, the jury returned a verdict of " not guilty," without 
leaving their seats. In this case, the ground of complaint was 
not that the punishment was unduly severe, but that the teacher 
had no right to inflict any punishment at all for an offei^ce — no 
matter how gross and reprehensible — committed out of school 

The charge of Judge Lord, under which the master was 


acquitted, is noticeable for its clear statement of the law 
applicable to such cases. " The relation between the teacher 
and scholar," said the Judge, "is a peculiar one. It par- 
takes while the pupil is in school of a parental character, 
and is, absolute and without appeal from any quarter, when 
exercised within its proper limits. Such also is the power of 
the parent. His authority is absolute at home, on the same 
conditions. A good parent desires to cooperate with the 
teacher, and is thankful for any proper correction of his child. 
A good teacher desires to aid parents by training his pupils in 
habits of good order and obedience to authority. Between the 
school and home the jurisdiction of the teacher and the parent 
is concurrent. If the teacher sees or knows a boy to violate 
the laws ; if he finds him acquiring habits of a dangerous 
. character ; if he sees him becoming vicious, and his example 
injurious to others, or calculated to affect his own standing at 
school or at home, — it is his duty to interfere to restrain and 
reform. For this purpose it is his right to punish to a reason- 
able extent, if no other method will avail. But the teacher 
must hold himself responsible to the law in his punishment, 
and be careful not to transcend in severity its humane and 
proper limits." 

We have thought it well to make this extract from the charge 
of Judge Lord, in order that it may stand upon the city records 
as an evidence of the law by which the relations of parents and 
teachers are to be determined. And we think that it will be 
accepted with thankfulness by our citizens as a clear, just and 
humane statement of a salutary principle. 

The infliction of corporal punishment has been resorted to 
in but few cases during the past year, and in these only when 
gentler and more persuasive kinds of discipline had failed. In 
no instance — so far as is known to the Committee — has it 
been administered with undue severity. 

It is thought that a sketch of the history of our different 
school organizations of the higher grades will be interesting at 
this time, and we append a very brief one. 


A High School was established in 1852, for boys exclusively, 
under the joint supervision of the School Committee of the city 
and the Trustees of the Roxbury Latin School, and Mr. S. M. 
Weston was elected as its Principal. In 1854 a City High 
School for Girls was organized, under the mastership of Mr. 
RoBEET BiCKFOED, a portion of the Dudley School-house being 
devoted to its use. In 1860 a new building was erected in 
Kenilworth Street, for the instruction of both sexes, and the 
High School passed entirely under the control of the city. At 
this time Mr. Weston was elected its Principal, and he has 
continued to hold the position from that day to this. 

The first Grammar School organized within our limits was 
the Dudley, which was composed of. more advanced scholars of 
the old Town School, and was moved into the brick building 
on Bartlett Street in 1844. Since that time it has had but 
three principals, namely, Jeeemiah Plympton, Miss Adeline 
Seavee, and the present preceptress, Miss Saeah J. Bakee. 
The Washington School, which occupied the first public Gram- 
mar School building erected in the town, was established in 
1840. Geoege B. Hyde was the first Principal ; and after 
him Leyi Reed, late Auditor of the Commonwealth, G. M. 
Weston, and John Kneel and, were principals. Mr. John D. 
Philbeick, now Superintendent of the Public Schools of Bos- 
ton, was at one time an assistant in this school. Mr. L. M. 
Chase, the present principal, was elected in 1866. The 
Dearborn School was organized in 1852, and was originally a 
school for boys. In 1859 the building was enlarged, and four 
divisions of girls were added. From the foundation of the 
school it has been under the charge of the same principal, Mr. 
William H. Long, and it has uniformly done credit to his 
very faithful and efficient labor. The Comins School was es- 
tablished in 1855, as a girls' school. It was originally placed 
under the charge of Miss Saeah A. M. Cushing, who acted as 
principal until 1859, when it was enlarged and made a school 
for both sexes. At that time Mr. D. W. Jones was elected 
principal, and he has continued to hold the position since. The 


Francis Street School was established in 1856, as a school for 
boys and girls. Mrs. Sophronia F. Wright was elected the 
first principal, and has continued to fill the place to the present 

Our citizens will find printed herewith the reports of the 
Chairmen of the various Special Committees upon the different 
departments of school work. Attention also is called to the 
statistical tables prepared by the Secretary, which, when com- 
pared with former reports, exhibit the fact that the labors of 
the Board of School Committee have doubled within the last 
few years, without any increase in the number of Committee- 
men. It is believed that the general impression derived from 
the reports will be satisfactory. The teachers of our Public 
Schools, of all grades, are thought to be, for the most part, 
faithful and devoted instructors. Our High School teachers 
are all persons of unusual attainments, and give themselves to 
their work with the most untiring zeal and the best results. 
The Committee feel that their fellow-citizens may take a just 
pride in the distinguished position of their High School, and 
they trust nothing will be done under the new city government, 
either to interfere with its existence, or to lower its rank. 

With the close of the year 186.7 the labors of the School 
Committee of the City of Roxbury come to an end. The terms 
of service of some members of the Board have been remarkable 
for their great length, and unbroken continuance. One of the 
present Board has served, with but a single interruption, for 
the last twenty years ; one has been connected with the Board 
for fifteen years ] and several count more than ten years of 
service as Committeemen. There will naturally. be a sense of 
regret with many of the Board at separating after so long a 
period of united labor, but the feelings uppermost in the minds 
of all are those of satisfaction and hope. 

The Committee are persuaded that, on the whole, the citi- 
zens of Roxbury have reason to congratulate themselves upon 
the record of their schools in the past. Though the highest 
standard has not always been reached, the schools of our city 


have taken good rank; and especially during the last few 
years they have held a position, for efficiency of discipline 
and instruction, second to those of very few, if any, of the 
municipalities in the Commonwealth. 

In the general plan and status of the schools the Board see 
little that requires any change at present. At the same time 
they desire to express their gratification at the prospect of a 
fuller and better development of our system in the future. 
The improvements in methods of study and instruction during 
the last ten years are but an earnest, they think, of the 
advance to be made in time to come. And the union of 
Roxbury with Boston, they trust and believe, will be a help 
and not a hindrance to the progress and prosperity of the 
schools of our own community. 

. In conclusion, the Committee desire to give to their fellow- 
citizens their sincere thanks for the honor of their election in 
former years to these posts of responsibility ; and with a proper 
sense of their possible mistakes of judgment in the past, to 
make a renewed assurance of the desire which they have 
cherished during their term of office to serve the city with 
faithfulness and efficiency. 

Respectfully submitted. 


Chairman of the Board. 



Messrs. Shailer, H, G. Morse, Allen, James Morse, Hobbs, 
and Greene, were appointed a Committee to make the semi- 
annual examinations in the spring and fall, and the Annual 
Report on the High and Grammar Schools. 

The whole number of pupils in these several schools is 2454. 
Every year swells their numbers, and gives additional impor- 
tance and responsibility to their instruction and supervision. 

The Committee are happy to report their belief that during 
the present year the schools have maintained a character and 
made attainment equal to that of any year in their history ; 
that on the whole there has been improvement upon previous 
years; that they have a faithful corps of teachers, who are 
seeking to perform their duty well, and make their experience 
a qualification for still higher accomplishment in their very 
responsible service ; that, generally, they are anxious to avail 
themselves of all the means for increasing their fitness for the 
business of teaching, regarding with watchful attention whatever 
may be said at Teachers' Conventions, and in the various publi- 
cations giving instruction upon their important work. These 
schools have made no radical changes in methods, nor adopted 
new things ; but they have faithfully attended to all the different 

12 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. • 

moral, intellectual and physical exercises which are required. 
They are also giving so much attention to Music, Drawing, the 
French Language, and the higher branches of study, that they 
leave but very little opportunity for judicious parents to desire 
to have their children go to a private or boarding school. They 
can be as well trained and taught in our Public Schools. It is 
not too much to say, in view of what our High and Grammar 
Schools actually are, that on the whole they are better adapted 
to educate accurately and highly than the best of private 

We do not intend to intimate that there is not yet opportu- 
nity for improvement ; nor do the teachers seem to feel that 
they have done so well that they may not do better. The best 
High or Grammar School is not yet realized. The perfect 
model is in the ideal world. The best actual schools are only 
approximating to it, and we believe our schools are among those 

The noticeable improvement is not in the greater amount of 
ground gone over. There seems a curtailment in this respect. 
It is rather in the thoroughness with which the studies are con- 
ducted ; a more radical and perfect idea and conception of the 
principle involved, and a more complete analytical method in 
recitation. We should not think of finding any where better 
candidates for teachers in our schools, than among the gradu- 
ates of these same schools. 

Our best teachers are found to do much ouiside of the mere 
text-book, by oral instruction, and comprehensive, lucid state- 
ment of the subject matter of the particular branch in hand. 
There is great room for improvement in the text-books used. 
Judging from what we have in Geography, Arithmetic, or 
History, we must conclude it is a difficult matter to make a 
good text-book, as indeed it is. 

The Committee are happy to refer to the method of govern- 
ment as having very little of the tyrannical, and as filled with 
the wholesome moral, largely free from the control of passion, 


and approaching a complete freedom from physical force, which 
is the ideal of every teacher of highest aim. 

Our High School, consisting of 180 scholars, is a mixed 
school of boys and girls, reciting together in classes and study- 
ing in the same room — the natural and proper association for 
children in the school-room, as well as in the family and social 

There has been no change in the teachers of this school 
during the year, and no marked changes in anything pertaining 
to it. The examinations satisfied the Committee that the same 
earnest, faithful and competent instruction is given, and the 
same healthful, moral discipline is apparent as in former years. 
There is no ground to complain that the scholars do not work 
hard enough. Better text-books, of simpler and more compre- 
hensive expression, of fewer words and better analysis, used 
with still greater discretion and aptitude in the hands of our 
accomplished teachers, will give us yet higher excellence. 

The fourth year of the school seems to be gaining in impor- 
tance and appreciation, and is really of very great utility in 
fitting graduates of the third year for teaching, by a careful 
review of the Grammar School studies during its first quarter. 
It ig under the charge of Miss M. F. Gragg, who is highly 
adapted to her position. 

M'lle de Maltchyce, who is a French lady, and a successful 
teacher, gives lessons in French, afi'ording her scholars a first- 
class opportunity to acquire an accurate knowledge of that 

Considerable progress is made in this school in the art of 
Drawing, under the competent teaching of Mr. B. F. Nutting. 

This school, as well as the Grammar Schools, seems to be 
deriving very decided advantages from instruction in Elocution, 
by Pro£ M. T. Brown. It has been, and still is, a part of the 
particular care of other teachers to secure good reading. But 
the Committee find it highly beneficial to have special instruc- 
tion in Elocution from so efficient a teacher. 

14 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

The Grammar Schools are five in number, containing in the 
aggregate 2274 scholars. 

The Dudley School, the first on the list, is a girl's school, 
Miss S. J. Baker, Principal. 

This school is reported in good keeping, with its former com- 
parative high standing. There is a careful general supervision 
and faithful attention to all the variety of service required of a 
principal. The school, in all its divisions, is in good order, 
and there is no want of earnest industry, well directed and 
successful. There is a watchful attention to all the require- 
ments of our rules for the conduct and instruction of Grammar 
Schools, and the results are highly satisfactory. Neat writing- 
books, good compositions, and specimens of map-drawing were 
shown. Throughout the school, in whatever department or re- 
quirement the Committee examined, there was little to complain 
of, and very much to commend. Everything is so well done, 
as to put this school in the front rank of Grammar Schools, 
and to leave no opportunity to doubt whether a Grammar School 
for Girls can be well managed and instructed by a female 

The Washington School is exclusively for boys, under the 
care of Mr. L. M. Chase, as Principal, and numbering 430 
scholars, in eight divisions. 

It would be easy to speak in detail of the excellences of this 
school, and particularize divisions as well taught. In no school 
is there more apparent harmony among the teachers, and cordial 
concerted action together with the principal, who is devoting 
himself with enthusiasm to his work ; not only teaching his own 
class admirably, but making himself well acquainted with the 
condition of the whole school, and essentially helpful to his 
assistant teachers. 

It was delightful to witness the spirited attention and 
promptness of scholars in recitation. So much enterprise was 
manifested as to suggest the thought that possibly, while the 
more indolent must be brought up to highly satisfactory attain- 
ment, nervous, ambitious scholars might be overworked. Ex- 


cellent specimens of penmansliip and map-drawing were shown 
in the three highest divisions. 

The Dearborn SchooL; under the charge of Mr. W. H. 
LoNG; assisted by fourteen teachers, numbers 744 scholars, and 
is a mixed school of boys and girls. 

The quarterly reports of this school, as of all the others, 
speak of the divisions in detail. 

The government and general supervision of the school, in- 
cluding care for the building and its surroundings, the order in 
doors and out, are represented as very satisfactory. No strik- 
ing defects, or very marked excellencies, are reported. 

The CoMiNS School is also a very large school, embracing 
both sexes, and numbering 709 scholars, Mr, D. W. Jones, 

. This school has a large porportion of scholars who have 
little assistance at home, and are subject to many things which 
serve as hindrances to their progress, and make their govern- 
ment and instruction a greater task upon the principal and his 
assistants, than they would otherwise be. It is a great duty, 
and it requires a constant watchfulness and labor, to keep 
everything in such a school in an entirely satisfactory condi- 
tion. The several minute reports upon this school, during the 
year, are for the most part commendatory. Especially was it 
so with the last reports. The general drill and control of the 
scholars is excellent. The principal has been particularly 
vigilant and successful during the last quarter, and he has a 
faithful corps of assistant teachers. 

The Francis Street Grammar School is small, consisting 
of one division, under the charge of Mrs. S. F. Wright, who 
has been with it from its beginning in 1855. It was established 
and is maintained because the Grammar School scholars who 
attend it were situated so distant from any of our graded and 
large schools that they could not conveniently attend them. 
It is a school for both sexes, and has studies ranging through 
the whole Grammar School course. Its method must necessa- 
rily be modified. The classes are more numerous than in 

16 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 7. 

any one division in larger schools. The teacher is regarded as 
adapted to her special service, and very successful. The ex- 
aminations have been well reported, and the government and 
enterprise and accomplishment of this school, which hav6 
always been favorably spoken of, are well sustained at the 
present time. 

No one can pass through our schools in examination, or 
reflect upon them, without being stirred with a conviction of 
their importance and utility. As much as any one thing they 
are the foundation of our good social condition, — carried on 
at great expense, but accomplishing great good. 

No service is more important than that of the faithful teach- 
er, — none more honorable, and jione takes more vital hold of 
our social well being. We cannot hold in too high estimation 
those who are spending their strength and sparing no pains as 
teachers to give us such schools as we are permitted to ex- 
amine in Roxbury. The teacher's post is so responsible that 
it ought not to be occupied except by those who are personally 
adapted and well educated, and who have a love for their 
work, which will not allow them to be listless or careless. 

Those who have the responsibility of appointing to such 
service should be exceedingly careful as to whom they appoint, 
and quick to discern inefficiency on the part of those they may 
have appointed, and prompt to dismiss the unworthy. The 
difference between a good teacher and a poor one is so great, 
and takes such hold on the interests of the young, that we 
ought to feel the absolute necessity of instantly displacing the 
poor teacher. 

There has been much discussion and different opinions as to 
the wisdom or necessity of practising corporal punishment. A 
thoroughly competent teacher can take the law of love and 
justice and truth, and win order and progress and a delightful 
moral cultivation, with a wide margin between the method 
pursued and any corporal punishment. We will hope that our 
schools may be fully supplied with such teachers. 


We were glad to see, in the late decision at court, so happy 
an exposition of the mutual care of parent and teacher over 
the conduct of children in going to and from school. It is mu- 
tual, and nearest to the school it belongs largely to the teacher. 

"With a hearty good will we commend our High and Gram- 
mar Schools. Parents who have the good fortune to avail 
themselves of their superior advantages for children, have no 
occasion to envy the privileges of any other schools. 

For the Committee. 

Eoxbury, Dec. 10, 1SQ1. 



The Annual Examining Committee appointed for the Exam- 
ination of the Primary Schools of the City of Eoxbury would 
report in relation to these as follows : 

The examinations were conducted, as usual, in May and 
November, the work being allotted to the five members of whom 
the committee is composed (Messrs. Monroe, Crafts, Wil- 
liams, Merrill and Seaver), in as nearly equal proportions 
as was desirable. From the Reports made by these, together 
with such knowledge as could be obtained from visits during 
other portions of the term, the facts presented below are 

There are now in Roxbury 52 Primary Schools, being an 
increase of two during the year. The additions have been in 
the new Phillips Street building, and in the George Street 
School-house. Both have been rendered necessary by the 
crowded state of the school-rooms in these localities respective- 
ly. With this relief, the Primary school-rooms of the city are 
still, on the average, as crowded as they were at the beginning 
of the year, and there is no reason to doubt the necessity of 
a steady increase in the future at least equal to that which has 
this year been made. 

20 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

The buildings in which these schools are held are of widely 
differing excellence and adaptability in their construction. 
Some, like the Franklin Place, Sudbury Street, George Street, 
and Munroe Street, are highly creditable to the city, and one — 
the new Phillips Street building — is probably unexcelled in 
the State ; while there are others which are to be contemplated 
with much less complacency. It is peculiarly gratifying, how- 
ever, to be able to report that most of those school-rooms 
which in their accommodations for pupils were a discredit to 
the city exist no longer, having been abandoned for the airy 
and spacious accommodations of the Phillips Street building, 
and that, with two exceptions, we have now no positively unfit 
school-houses in Roxbury. 

As regards the condition of the different Primary Schools of 
the city, the committee would generally and rapidly report — 

The George Street has a large attendance, containing now 
six divisions. There have been several changes in this school 
during the year, the teachers of its first and fourth divisio s 
having been promoted to Grammar Schools, and a new division 
having been created. The new appointments appear to have 
been judiciously made, and the school has still an ambitious and 
interested corps of teachers. It is favorably reported upon by 
its examiner. 

The Yeoman Street, containing four divisions, called out 
some criticism from the examiner as regards one or two of its 
teachers. In one case, defects were attributed to inexperience, 
and a second examination disclosed much better results; in 
another, the opinion was that there was a lack of tact in im- 
parting instruction. The teacher of the second division of this 
school is highly praised by the examiner. Her room is cited 
as an example of what the most intelligent and judicious effort 
may accomplish. This commendation is not unjustly bestowed. 
There is seldom seen a Primary school-room in which more is 
done to interest children, or where the general aspect is more 
entirely inviting and pleasant than in this one. Several paint- 


ings, the fruit of the teacher's leisure hours, hung about the 
school-room, essentially heighten this good effect. 

Of the Bustis Street School little of particular interest is 
remarked by its examiner. The rooms in this building are 
generally in charge of experienced teachers. The teacher in 
the upper division is especially commended, and the reports 
from the other divisions are in the main satisfactory. The 
school was greatly crowded during a portion of the year, but 
has been somewhat relieved by the transferring of a portion of 
its scholars to the new division of the George Street building. 

The school in Vernon Street is very favorably reported on. 
The grading of this school leaves the teacher of the lowest 
division in charge almost exclusively of infants just out of the 
nursery. The utmost care is necessary in selecting a suitable 
person for such a post, for it is one requiring great patience, 
and calling less for scholarship in a teacher than a kind heart 
and motherly thoughtfulness. The wisdom of creating more 
than three grades in any Primary School is believed to be 
more than questionable. There was no evidence of lack of 
proper qualities on the part of the teacher, in this instance, how- 
ever. The next room above is taught by one who is apparently 
anxious and careful, and presents the example of a gentle and 
re lined deportment to her scholars. The second division is 
perhaps, without the design to be invidious on the part of the 
committee, the model Primary school-room of the city. Its 
teacher has put her heart fully into her work, and does not 
allow her thoughts to be diverted by any outside attractions 
from it. She is thoroughly progressive, interested in ascertain- 
ing and appropriating new ideas upon the subject of edu- 
cation, and performs the work of teaching so faithfully and in- 
telligently as to render her school a completely satisfactory 
one. It is but fair to others with whom this teacher may be 
brought in comparison, to say that she has been aided to this 
excellence by several years' experience ; yet the committee feel 
that, after all, the chief reason of her superiority is to be found 
in the fact that she is more ii\terested in her school than in 


anything else. The first division of this room is also entitled 
to strong praise. Its teacher for most of the year has just left 
it, and is succeeded by one apparently fully competent to main- 
tain the standard it has held. 

The Sudbury Street School is well reported in all its divis- 
ions. There are but three grades in this bulling, though it has 
four rooms. The teacher of the third division has been absent 
a considerable portion of the year, and still remains in a pre- 
carious state of health. Her room, however, appeared well, 
showing that a competent substitute has had charge of it ; and 
the examiner also commends the aspect and general proficiency 
of the first division. This building is a very good one in its 
arrangement, the sunlight reaching it from every side. 

The Cottage Place School is not so fully reported on as 
some of the others. What is said of it, indicates a satisfac- 
tory state of affairs there. There have been some changes, 
both in the teachers and in the pupils of the school, but its 
present state is believed to be as efiicient as in the average 
of years past. 

The Franklin Place School is in some respects one of the 
best in the city. It is kept in a modern brick structure, of 
ample size, and well provided in all particulars. Its first 
division is in the charge of a superior teacher, the good effect 
of whose method is felt throughout the building. The children 
generally are neater and more orderly than are those of the 
same class in most other sections. This teacher is particularly 
animated and self-reliant in her methods, and stimulates her 
scholars to interest both in thought and in study. The teacher 
of the second division also merits notice for her energetic and 
interested manner, and has had the best success in instructing 
her scholars in gymnastic exercises. 

The Avon Place School was not visited at all by its Local 
Committee in the early days of the year, and the reports then 
had of it were from volunteer sources. It is spoken of by its 
examiner on this committee as being in as good condition as 
usual. There has been one change among its teachers. The 


locality of thi:; school causes visits to it on the part of the gen- 
eral committee to be less frequent than in most other cases. 

The Mill-Dam School is a peculiar one in many respects. 
The school is entirely cut off, for all purposes of intercourse, 
from other portions of the city, being kept in a tongue of land 
that projects toward Boston, in a settlement composed of manu- 
factories and laborers' residences. The building in which it is 
held is unfit for the purpose, though somewhat improved during 
the present year. On entering this room, one is carried back 
at least a generation in all the outward aspects of the road to 
learning. The teacher, however, seems to adapt herself well to 
this state of things, and is highly praised by the examiner. 

The Orange Street, Tremont Street, Smith Street, and Parker 
Street Schools, have all been removed to the new Phillips Street 
building, and, thanks to this change, the city is relieved, in three 
out of four of these cases, of either buildings or localities which 
were anything but a credit to her care of her children. These 
have now gone literally from one extreme to the other. The 
Phillips Street School-house is a model structure, and one to 
which our city may point with unalloyed satisfaction. The 
Committee on Public Property of the City Council, the Sub- 
Committee of this Board with which they cooperated, the 
architect and the mechanics, all are entitled to credit for their 
excellent accomplishment in giving this long-neglected section 
of the city the best Primary School accommodations now enjoyed 
anywhere within its limits. Those schools which had naturally 
suffered from deficient arrangements are now reported by their 
examiner as feeling some impetus from the change. Yet, as a 
whole, there is room for improvement in the instruction given 
in this building, and though a portion of the teachers are earn- 
est in their work, and producing excellent results, others are 
below the general standard elsewhere. This school now 
contains seven divisions — a new one having been added. 

The Francis Street School is in one of the outlying districts. 
It is reported as being somewhat easy in discipline, an arrange- 
ment that perhaps the superior character of its scholars, whom 

24 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

gentle government is effective to control, justifies. The lessons 
are generally pronounced satisfactory. 

In Heath Street is one of the most peculiar schools of the 
city. It is unreasonably crowded in its attendance, in the 
lower room, and the class of pupils who compose it are of 
the most difficult to govern. The teacher who had held its 
lower room had failed utterly, and the present teacher — -a 
young girl, just graduated from the High School — entered 
upon her work with formidable obstacles to success. It is 
believed that she has done as well as could reasonably be hoped, 
and has accomplished much more than many would have accom- 
plished in her situation ; but there is a limit to what may be 
reached by human industry and endeavor, and it is utterly un- 
reasonable to suppose that eighty or ninety of the most unruly 
children of the city can be properly managed and taught by 
any but one who is a prodigy of strength and endurance. The 
wonder is that this school is in half as good a condition as it 
is, with all the difficulties encountered. Immediate measures 
should be taken to relieve it, by adding to its building, and 
creating a new division of the school. The upper room is 
smaller in its attendance, is taught by a teacher of mature 
years and considerable experience, and is in a highly satisfac- 
tory condition. 

The Centre Street School has probably been under the con- 
trol of the same teachers longer than any other school in the 
city, there having been no change here for a dozen years, at 
least. It is satisfactorily spoken of, in the main, by its ex- 
aminers, the classes that graduate from its upper room having 
proved of late among the best. The quality of the scholars 
in attendance on this school is constantly improving, and it 
now stands second in this respect to only one of our Primary 
Schools elsewhere. A new building for its use is obviously 
needed. The entrance to the present one is objectionable, and 
even dangerous, and there is further constant danger to be ap- 
prehended to small scholars from the high and steep flight of 
steps in its rear. It is altogether wrong that the Primary 


School of one of the best districts in Roxbury should be placed 
in the rear of an engine-house and stable, and the attention of 
the next School Board should be early directed to the need of 
a new building, in a different location. 

The Edinboro' Street School is probably the smallest in its 
attendance of any containing more than one division in the 
city, and neither in numbers nor in general aptitude and intelli- 
gence is there improvement among the pupils from year to year. 
The first division falls much below the average in attendance, 
scarcely reaching thirty pupils; the second is considerably 
larger. The school is well taught — particularly well in its up- 
per division, which is under the charge of one of the most com- 
petent teachers of the city, whose governing powers are of an 
admirable order. The teacher of the second division is quiet 
in her methods, and to one examiner appeared to lack energy ; 
but the progress " of the school is satisfactory, and indicates 
careful and judicious instruction. 

The Munroe Street School is reported upon very favorably 
in its lower division, as usual. There is no question that the 
teacher of this division is one of the most successful in the city. 
She takes an unruly class of scholars by nature and from defec- 
tive home training, and brings them into almost military disci- 
pline in the school-room. This strict rule might not be an 
altogether salutary one with some classes of pupils, but it is 
probably needed, and certainly produces in the main good re- 
sults, here. In the upper division, in which are combined 
Primary and Grammar School studies, the experiment is suc- 
ceeding well, under a promising teacher. 

The Winthrop Street School has an excellent attendance, and 
presents more the aspect of a select school than of one in which 
children of all classes are gathered. It is favorably reported 
upon in both its upper and lower divisions. The graduating 
classes of the upper room are pronounced in the Grammar 
Schools this year as among the best received. 

The Elm Street School is in a quiet portion of the city, off 

26 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

of ordinary routes of travel, and seldom visited except by its 
local committee. It makes fair progress, and is not open to 
decided criticism, or more than average commendation. 

The above sketch of the condition of the various schools is, 
on the whole, an encouraging one. The Committee have not 
looked for perfection anywhere. In estimating the attainments 
of teachers, they have not tested them by the ideal standard, 
neither have they felt it necessary to parade every instance of 
individual deficiency for the public inspection. They have 
simply gone into their examination with what seemed a. reason- 
able expectation of results, and, as a whole, the aspect is favor- 
able. While they do not feel that the 'system under which 
teachers are chosen here is the best attainable one, they are 
convinced that it operates at least as well in Roxbury as in the 
average of localities. 

A perfect Primary School teacher is probably as difficult to 
be found as is perfection in any other sphere of endeavor ; but 
there are certain points in character which much conduce to 
efficiency in this work. The greater the degree in which they 
are possessed by any person, the more marked will be her suc- 
cess as a teacher. She who has them largely by nature is truly 
fortunate, for her work is made comparatively easy. She who 
has them not, should assiduously cultivate their development 
in her mind and heart. 

All these traits naturally grow out of one sentiment, and few 
of them can exist without it. We refer to love for children. 
It is plainly an indispensable requisite to success. A teacher 
may possess education of a thorough and finished order, may 
have the most careful and correct ideas as regards government* 
may have thought over new and improved methods of instruc- 
tion, and may enter with enthusiasm into the work of applying 
them — if her interest is in instruction as an art alone, if it does 
not extend to a personal sympathy with the beings she is called 
on to conduct in the path of knowledge, she has not the best 
fitness for her work. We do not need so much women of 


superior intellects, brilliant scholarship, or energetic ambition, 
in the instruction of our smaller children, as we do those of 
kind hearts, and affectionate, sympathetic natures. Let them 
but love children at the beginning, and all these other requisites 
shall be added unto them. Out of this love comes patience, 
sympathy, forbearance, motherly care, and those kindred 
qualities that are most needed. 

This sympathetic nature is of course most of all required in 
the lowest divisions of a Primary School. A large share of 
the attendance in these is made up of infants, who require that 
the teacher shall stand in a mother's place towards them. Her 
work is not by any means all confined to teaching them the 
alphabet and the first lessons in reading. They need constant 
oversight and care for their physical frames, a watchfulness such 
as only personal interest in them is adequate to cheerfully 
rendering. Then comes in the occasion for the exercise of the 
rarest patience in their stammering and too often seemingly 
stupid attempts to acquire the rudiments of knowledge. The 
teacher soon finds the task not a dignified one, and is too apt 
to ask herself if all her stores of knowledge were gained for 
this end. She greatly needs to feel sympathy for the little 
beings before her, to make her patient and forbearing at such a 
time, for without patience and forbearance she is failing at the 
very outset. 

A heart that goes out in kindness to children is therefore the 
first requisite in a good Primary School teacher, and it is an 
indispensable one in the lower grades. The next quality re- 
quired is a vivacious, active temperament. Sympathy with and 
love for children alone is not enough — there should be spirit 
and energy sufficient to interest them. It is necessary that 
they should be grounded thoroughly in the lessons of the text- 
books, but making them perfect in a series of recitations from 
these is only doing half the work. Their little minds come to 
the teacher almost a blank as regards knowledge. It rests 
with her very largely to determine whether what they learn at 
school shall rouse their imaginations, stimulate their thinking 

28 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

powers, impress itself so vividly upon the mind by association 
as to be remembered with interest and pleasure, or be conned 
by rote as a lesson to pass into the memory for the time being 
and then become obliterated. There is no such aid to the 
teacher in this aspect as the object-lesson, which it is not 
pleasant to see so generally falling into disuse as it is in many 
of our schools. 

Permanence in the profession of teaching is also desirable. 
The frequent changes that are made are to a great extent un- 
avoidable while the material from which our teachers are 
selected is such as it is ; but this, at least, appears certain,, that 
it would be well in the selection of Primary School teachers to 
have an eye to their fitness for this branch of teaching especial- 
ly, and not to regard them while in it as serving an apprentice- 
ship for Grammar Schools. As a rule, each branch of the pro- 
fession should be considered a separate one, and. Primary 
School teachers being selected with a view to their aptitude 
for this kind of teaching, success should be considered rather a 
reason for continuing than for removing a teacher from her 
sphere of work. 

The Primary School teachers of the City of Roxbury are in 
largest part comprised of young girls but recently graduated 
from the High School. They enter upon their work, generally, 
with good education, careful training, an interest in the pro- 
fession of school teaching, and a desire to excel. Their suc- 
cess is in almost all cases respectable, and in some even 
brilliant. Excellence, it is but just to say, is the rule, and 
failure the exception. The interest in their work which we 
have said above that most of them feel, combined with an in- 
tellectual aptitude of no common order, makes of these begin- 
ners good teachers frequently in a very brief space of time. 
Could the best of this talent be retained, our city would have 
as efficient a corps of teachers as any locality in the nation ; 
when we consider how frequent are the changes, it speaks 
strongly for the native capacity of these young girls that our 
schools are in as good condition as they are. 


Such criticisms as suggest themselves grow in a great degree 
out of the apparently temporary nature of the school teacher's 
office to most of those .who are occupying it. These do their 
duty conscientiously, but their whole mind and heart are not 
given to it as would be the case with one who intends to make 
it a life-work. The stated routine of the school is not neglect- 
ed. The text-books are carefully studied, and there is good 
evidence of progress in them at examination ; but the care of 
thinking out object-lessons is shunned, and the mind is divided 
in the prospect of other interests in life, instead of concentred 
chiefly upon this one. This is not referred to in a spirit of 
complaint, but as showing the defect of the system — perhaps a 
necessary one — of temporary rather than permanent teachers. 
We are reminded, too, that among these teachers are some very 
young people, with modern young-lady ideas, from the fact that 
their reports come to us with such signatures as ''Susie," "Mat- 
tie," "Fannie," "Nellie," "Lizzie," etc., in lieu of the Christian 
appellations which all these parties doubtless received at the 
baptismal font. This may be no great affair in itself, but it 
is hardly consistent with that exactness and dignity which 
ought to inhere in the teacher's office. Let us trust, at any 
rate, that the fashion may not spread to the other sex, and the 
committee be visited with official documents from "Willie," and 
"Dannie," and "Freddie," and " Charlie," and "Eddie," and 
"Frankie," and the rest. 

It is fortunate that under the new system which is to be in- 
troduced from another city, in the reorganization of the schools 
immediately to take place, the equalization of pay between 
the Primary and G-rammar School teachers will be likely to 
remove one temptation to leave the Primary Schools on the 
part of teachers. This arises, however, it is fair to say, fully 
as much from the added dignity which is given to an office of 
greater pay as from the mere money consideration. 

Finally, let the committee, in closing their report, say a 
word as regards the duty of parents to the schools. Parents 
may be an important aid to the teacher. First, by the mere 


fact of showing an interest in her work. There is nothing 
more grateful to a teacher's heart, in most cases, than to feel 
that somo one is especially concerned for her success, is watch- 
ing her eflforts in even a single case. It is a grateful stimulant 
to effort, which is increased in proportion as more and more 
parents participate in it. There should be cooperation, too, 
as well. Occasions are constantly occurring when a teacher's 
hands can be effectively strengthened by words fitly spoken 
at home. Let these not be withheld. Above all, let the 
largest charity towards teachers be exercised. Many of them 
are young and all are human, and youthful humanity is prone 
to err; but it is the testimony of those having years of obser- 
vation that in a large majority of cases of complaint occurring 
in the discipline of a school the right is plainly on the side 
of the teacher. Let parents remember this, and forbear to 
blame before full investigation is made. The presumption of 
duty done should be always with the teacher till a clear case 
is made out to the contrary. 

Commending the schools of Roxbury to the renewed inter- 
est of its citizens, and congratulating them especially on the 
manner in which the reputation of these has been sustained 
during the past year, the undersigned respectfully submits the 
above statement for their consideration. 

For the Committee, 





The whole number of teachers is 103. 

The number of Pupils in all the Schools is 5276, being an increase 
over last year of 187 Scholars. Average attendance in all the 
Schools, 5076. 

The number of Pupils at the High School is 180, two less than 
last year. The School has four Teachers. 

There are five Grramraar Schools. The number of Pupils belong- 
ing to them is 2274, an increase from last year of 204. Number of 
Divisions, 43 ; an increase of one Division each to the Dudley, 
Washington, and Dearborn Schools, during the year. Average 
number to each Division, 53. Number of Grrammar School Teach- 
ers, 47. 

The number of Primary Schools is 52, an increase of two from 
last year, one at George Street, and one at Phillips Street. Num- 
ber of Pupils belonging to these Schools, 2822, a decrease from last 
year of 15. Average to each School, 54. 

There is also a Special Teacher of French and a Teacher of 
Drawing in the High School ; a Teacher of Elocution in the High 
and Grammar Schools, and a Teacher of Music in the same Schools. 

The percentage shown at the examination of candidates from the 
various Grammar Schools for admission to the High School, in 
July, were as follows : 

Dudley School, average per cent., . . 78 

Washington School, 
Comins School, 
Dearborn School, 
Francis St. School, 


32 CITY DOCUMENT.— No. 7. 

In December, eleven of the Pupils of the High School, who had 
been continuing their studies for the fourth year, were examined in 
their qualifications to become Teachers in our Public Schools. 
The results attained varied from 89 per cent., the lowest, to 99, the 
highest, which last was the highest percentage ever attained at any 
examination : the average per cent, was 94^. 

The salaries of the Teachers have been increased the past year, 
and now stand as follows : 

Principal of the High School, . . . $3,000 

Teacher of the 3d Division, Miss Gushing, . 1,500 

Teacher of the 2d Division, Miss Tincker, . 800 

Teacher of the 4th year Class, Miss G-ragg, . . 700 
Principals of Grammar Schools, male, . . 2,200 

Principal of the Dudley School, Miss Baker, . 1,200 
Principal of the Francis St. School, Mrs. Wright, 800 
First and Second Assistants in Grrammar Schools, 650 

All other Assistants, after the first year, . 600 

Primary Teachers, first year, .... 500 

Primary Teachers, second year and after, . 550 

Teacher of French, M'lle de Maltchyce, . 400 

Teacher of Drawing, Mr. Nutting, . . . 400 

Teacher of Music, Mr. Alexander, . . 400 

Teacher of Elocution, Mr. Brown, . . 600 

Janitor, Mr. Pierce, ..... 1,500 

The cost of maintaining our Public Schools, the past year, was 
$88,302.19, averaging $16,73 per scholar. 

The Schools, according to the new division of Wards, are located 

as follows : 

Wakd Thikteen. 

Grammar School. — Dearborn, . . 14 Divisions. 

Primary Schools. — Greorge Street, . 6 " 

Yeoman Street, . 4 " 

Eustis and Sumner Sts., 4 " 



Wakd Fourteen. 

High School, 



Grammar Schools. 

— Dudley, 




Primary Schools. - 

— Elm Street, 


Winthrop Street, 


Munroe Street, . 


Vernon Street, 


Sudbury Street, . 


Total, . 33 


Waed Fifteen. 

Grammar Schools. 

— Comins, 

13 Divisions 

Francis Street, 



Primary Schools. 

— Franklin Place, 



Avon Place, 



Mill Dam, 



Cottage Place, 



Phillips Street, 



Francis Street, 



Heath Street, 



Centre Street, 



Edinboro' Street, 





The following statement exhibits the whole am 
Schools, exclusive of new School-houses, with the 
per scholar, for the years since the incorporation 

ount expended for 
average expended 
of the City : 



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At Large. 

George Putnam, 1846, 48, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64. 

Cyrus H. Fay, 1846, 48. 

Samuel H. Walley, Jr., 1846, 48. 

George R. Russell, 1847. 

Thomas F. Caldicott, 1847. 

George W. Bond, 1847. 

John Wayland, 1849, 50, 51. 

William R. Alger, 1849, 50, 56. 

William Hague, 1849, 50. 

Theodore Dunn, 1851. 

Thomas D. Anderson, 1851. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1852, 53, 54, 65, 66, 67. 

William H. Ryder, 1852, 53, 54, 57, 58. 

William A. Crafts, 1852, 53, 54, 59, 60, 64, 65, 66, 67. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1855. 

Joseph H. Streeter, 1855. 

John S. Flint, 1855. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1856, 57, 58, 65, 67. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1859, 61. 

Edwin Ray, 1860. 

William S. King, 1861. 

John S. Sleeper. 1862. 63. 

Franklin Williams, 1862, 63, 64. 

J. Warren Tuck, 1866. 

40 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 7. 

Ward 1. 

Allen Putnam, 1846. 

Henry B. Wheelwright, 1846, 47. 

Horatio G. Morse, 1817, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, 5Q, 57, 58, 63, 60, 61, 62, 64. 

William R. Alger, 1848, 52. 

Bradford K. Peirce, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

John Jones, 1853, 54. 

Joseph Bugbee, 1853, 54. 

Henry W. Farley, 1855, 56, 57. 

Franklin Williams, 1858, 59, 60, 65, 65, 67. 

George W. Adams, 1861, 62, 63. 

William H. Hutchinson, 1863. 

George J, Arnold, 1864. 

John G. Bartholomew, 1865. 

James Morse. 1866, 67. 

Ward 2. 

Thomas F. Caldicott, 1846. 

Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61 

62, 63. 
Alfred Williams, 1847, 48, 

Ira Allen, 1849, 50, 51, 52, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 67. 
Arial I. Cummings, 1853. 
Charles Marsh, 1854, 55. 
J. Warren Tuck, 1864, 65. 
B. Frank Bronson, 1863. 
George Warren, 1866. 
William Seaver, 1867. 

Ward 3. 

Charles K. DiUaway, 1846, 47. 

Francis Hilliard, 1846, 48, 49. 

Theodore Otis, 1847. 

Julius S. Shailer, 1848, 50, 51, 62, 53, 54. 

William Gaston, 1849, 50, 51. 

Timothy R. Nute, 1852, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 66, 66, 67. 

Joseph H. Streeter, 1853, 54. 

William H. Ryder, 1855. 

Benjamin Mann, 1855. 

Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57, 58, 62. 

William A. Crafts, 1856, 62. 

Richard Garvey, 1859. 

John D. McGill, 1860, 61, 62. 

Gsorga M. Hobbs, 1853, 64, 65, 66, 67. 


Ward 4. 

Benjamin E. Cotting, 1846, 47, 49, 

David Green, 1846, 47, 48. 

Henry Bartlett, 1848. 

Henry W, Fuller, 1849, 50, 51, 

Jolin S. Flint, 1850, 61, 52. 

John Wayland, 1852, 53, 54, 55. 

Theodore Otis, 1853. 

John W. Olmstead, 1854, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. 

James Waldock, 1855, 56, 66. 

Joseph N. Brewer, 1856, 57, 58, 59. 

Jonathan P. Robinson, 1857. 

Jeremiah Plympton, 1860, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65. 

George H. Monroe, 1866, 67. 

Benjamin H. Greene, 1867. 

Ward 5. 

Augustus C Thompson, 1846. 

Daniel Leach, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 60, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55. 

Samuel Walker, 1847, 56. 

John H. Purkett, 1848. 

Charles F. Foster, 1849, 50, 51, 52. 

Bradford K. Peiree, 1853, 54. 

Edwin Ray, 1855, 57, 58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 

Theodore Otis, 1856. 

Alfred P. Putnam, 1857, 61, 62, 64. 

Robert P. Anderson, 1858, 59. 

Sylvester Bliss, 1860, 61, 62, 63. 

William S. King, 1860. 

Henry B. Metcalf, 1863. 

Moody Merrill, 1865, 66, 67. 

Ward 6. 

George W. Bond, 1846. 

Edward Turner, 1846. 

Edmund F. Slafter, 1847, 48, 49, 50, 51. 

Dan. S. Smalley, 1847. 

George Faulkner, 1848. 

Edward D. Boit, 1849, 50, 51. 

Ward 7. 

John O. Choules, 1846, 47. 
Joseph II. Allen, 1846. 
Theodore Dunn, 1847, 48, 49, 50. 
Grindall Reynolds, 1818, 49, 60, 51. 
Stephen M. Allen, 18ol. 

42 CITY DOCUMENT. — No. 7. 

Ward 8. 

Theodore Parker, 1846. 
George R. Russell, 1846. 
Baxter Clapp, 1847, 48, 50, 51. 
Matthews W. Green, 1847. 
Abijah W. Draper, 1848, 49. 
Joseph H. Billings, 1849. 
Cornelius Cowing, 1850, 51. 


Charles K. Diilaway, 1846, 47. 
George Putnam, 1848, 64. 
Daniel Leach, 1849, 50. 51. 
Julius S. Shailer, 1852, 53. 
John Waj'land, 1854. 
Bradford K. Peirce, 1855. 
William H. Ryder, 1856. 57, 58.* 
Horatio G. Morse, 1859, 60, 61, 62. 
John W. Olmstead, 1863, 65. 
Edwin Ray, 1866, 67. 


Joshua Seaver, 1846, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 5J, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63.-f 
Arial I. Cummings, 1856, 57. 
Franklin Williams, 1864, 65, 66, 67. 

* Resigned, and Horatio Q. Morse elected, 
t Deceased, and Franklin Williams elected. 


FOR 18G7. 




Ward 1. — Franklin Williams, 
" 2. — Ira Allen, 
" 3. — Timothy R. Nute,* 


" 5. — Edwin Ray, 

elected by wards. 

James Morse, 
William Seaver. 


Moody Merrill. 


ELECT, 1868. 

Ward Thirteen. 
For Three Years. — George W. Adams, 
" Three Years. — Joseph A. Tucker. 
" Two Years. — Allen Putnam, . . 
" I'wo Years. — James H. Marsh, . 
" One Year. — James Morse, . . 

2 Reed's Court. 
29 Orchard Street. 
Eustis Street. 
4 Guild Row. 
Dudley Street. 

" One Year. — Wm. II. Hutchinson, 48 Warren Street. 

* Resigned, and Tacancy not filled. 



Watjd FouRTEEisr. 
For Three Years. — George H. Monroe, Walnut Street. 

Three Years. — MooDY Merrill, 
Ttfo Years. — Ira Allex, . . 
7Vo Years. — John Kneeland, 
One Year. — Edwin Ray, 
One Year. — JoHN 0. Means, 

2 Warren Place. 
61 Cabot Street. 
31 Winthr op Street. 
121 Warren Street. 
31 Elm Street. 

Ward Fifteen. 

For Three Years. — George M. Hobbs, Edinboro' Street. 

" Three Years. — George Morrill, Centre Street. • 

" 'J'lvo Years. — Chas. K. Dillaway, 230 Washington St. 

" Two Years. — Cyrus C. Emery, . 17 Clark Street. 

" One Year. — Benjamin H. Greene, 13 Porter Street. 

" One Year. — Joseph N. Brewer. 37 Centre Street. 



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Sept. 1866 
Nov., 1866 

Dec, 1867 



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22 Elm street, 
Fremont place, 
Washington, n. Parker st 
169 Eusds St., Mt. Pleas't 

Washington, c. High st. 
Bradford place. 
Grove Hall Avenue, 
20 Mall street, . . 
8 Magazine street, . 
121 Bartlett street, 

16 Elm street, 

11 Reed's court, 

Bradford place, 

9 Myrtle street, 

87 Davis street. 

Centre street, 

4 Tyler street, Boston, 

Wash'gton, op. Putnam st 

13 Zeigler street, 

4 Fremont place, 

13 Cottage street, . 

Myrtle street. 


Sarah E. Peck, . 
Mary E. Mather, 
Caroline S. Gushing, 
Jenny K. F. Bottcher, 
Ada L. McKean, 
Avis E Spencer, 
Ella A. Glynn, . 
Georgiana Adams, 
E. K. Souther, . 
Louisa D. Gage, 
Emma W. Cushman, 
Emma A. Bell, 
Abby R. Wood, . 
Mary C Smith, . 
Charlotte L. Brown, 
Mary E. Nason, 
Kate C. Lefstrum, . 
Frances A. Cragin, 
Katie R. Shailer, . 
Clara L. George, 
Emily S. Lydston, . 
Lizzie F. Todd, 
Alice E. Gould, 


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