Glass. Book^_ CL* &TEW"E y - SOUVENIR EDITION OF THE CHELSEA GAZETTE. ISSUED BY REQUEST OF THE BOARD OF TRADE AND ENTITLED THE City of Chelsea MASSACHUSETTS. COMPILED AND ILLUSTRATED BY CHARLES BANCROFT GILLESPIE. Her History, Her achievements, Her Opportunities. Published by The Chelsea Gazette. CHELSEA, MASS. 1898. -^r-f^-7 L_ £¥- ii' it'll // ij iii! ii ii ii ii ii ii ii ii ii ii ii -ii ii -ii 5R.\X.t*.vC\a.\v\v\v\v\v\vy\.\v\vvv\v\v\vvv.\\.v?.v\: Sfe? I' 1 1 SB sic? si SJ? ?$ Sis? 7*^ rr.ti.ri.ii.ii.ii.il. until i. n.ti.t i. n rr. fr.fi.r7.ii.ii.ii.fi.'it.'it\\.\\.\\ vv v\.\v\vV?\vvv\vtv.\\.\vV^.\XA\.vvvC\\A\.\\:.vC\\\v"»" HISTORICAL AND PICTORIAL DESCRIPTION OF CHELSEA, MASS. ^'^'^•^•jvii'JVJvjyiYivjyjvjvix-jvjvivsviS'jyiTi /z. #r rr. rr. rr. rr. ri. rr. rr. n. rr. n. rr. rr. rr. rr. ri. rr. ri- n. ri.'tS. si sg SK 5W Sfc? SI? ?*5 Sic? Sis? M' ORE than any other town in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, or other town known to me on the continent, there are associated with Chelsea the greatest number of what are ing of the corner-stone of the Prattville schoolhouse, September 25, 1S97. As Chelsea's history becomes better known, the truth of that strong statement is perceived. U. S. GOVERNMENT GROUNDS, SHOWING NAVAL AND MARINE HOSPITALS. called ' first things,' " said Hon. Mellen Chamberlain in a recent address. The speaker, everyone in Chelsea will at once recognize, was the eminent scholar and author of the history of Chelsea (not yet published). He was speaking at the lay- The ownership and occupation of the land in the vicinity of Winnisimmet, now Chelsea, at the time of the arrival of the English, was in the children of Nanapash- anet, Sagamore John, Sagamore James and George Rumneymarsh. Samuel Maverick, CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED the first settler in Winnisimmet. landed on the shore of what is at present the United States Naval Hospital grounds, in 1624. At the same date Blackstone arrived and settled at Boston. The First Settler and the Scene of the Settlement. Maverick built a fortified house near where the pier now is on the grounds of the Naval hospital. This was probably of upland and marsh, and is not surpassed by any similar contiguous quality of land in the whole commonwealth for fertility, and it enjoyed the most singular felicity of having no acre of waste land within its borders. The upland is all capable of cultivation ; and its marshes are valuable for the natural grasses they perennially pro- duce." Maverick acquired Winnisimmet through Sagamore John. Maverick was a man of good family and of good education. He was a sturdy OLD PRATT HOMESTEAD. the first house in the Massachusetts Hay Colony. Governor Winthrop was enter- tained there in 1630. Judge Chamber- lain says that " the Indians once attacked it, and being repulsed, never attacked it again. This palisade house of Maverick's was standing as late as 1660, and, I have reason to suppose, as late as the Revolu- tion, and perhaps 1 8 1 5." Maverick engaged in trade with the Indians, and acquired Winnisimmet, which was des- cribed as " consisting of about 5000 acres churchman, or Episcopalian, and later in his career here this caused serious friction between him and Winthrop and others. For six years, however, Maverick nour- ished undisturbed. In 1630, when the settlement at Boston had got under way, we read that Maver- ick had the confidence of the people, so that he was appointed on several com- mittees by the general court. Noddle's Island, now East Boston, was sold to him for a nominal sum. In 16^2 he was ad- CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED POLICE COU PROCESS OF CONSTRUCTION. RT BUILDING WILSON 4 WEBBER, ARCHITECTS. mitted as a freeman, for which he had made application in October, 1630. This entitled him to vote in the elections. In 1635 he was suspected of not being in accord with the people in their opposition to the landing of a general governor, and was ordered to remove with his family to Boston, and was forbidden to entertain a stranger for more than one night, without the consent o f an assistant, as the mag- istrates were then called. He become disgusted w i t h the government a n d the churches in 1648, and signed a re- monstrants' petition, gotten up b y a 1) r . Childe, and he was fined and imprisoned. A couple of years later he sold Noddle's Island, and disposed of Winnisimmet to Richard Bellingham, afterward governor, and removed from the colony. The sale of Winnisimmet to Bellingham was made as early as 1634, however. A map dated 1634, in the British Museum, shows a CARY HOUSE. OLDEST IN CHELSEA. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED group of three houses in Winnisimmet which, good authorities say, were without doubt of Maverick's erection. ('■lowing accounts were written by the early settlers of this region to friends in England. Winnisimmet was described as a " very sweet place for situation, and stands very commodiously, the islands of the harbor keeping off wind and sea, tem- pering the winters and the waters of the bay mitigating the heat of the summer." A good authority says that Maverick served as one of the royal commissioners ker street, about the middle of the cen- tury for a place of country retirement. It is the oldest house in Chelsea. It has been greatly altered in latter years. It formerly had a sloping roof reaching al- most to the ground. Bellingham used it mostly for a hunting lodge, having a fine residence in Boston, about opposite the site of King's Chapel. A tradition says that when the British troops arrived some were quartered in the old Cary house. The Cary family had gone to live with the Harrison Cray Otis family. This FITZ PUBLIC LIBRARY. in the latter part of his life, which, if so, gave him a more prominent place in New England history than he enjoyed as an early settler. Old Houses — First Ferry — First County Road — Other Bits of Early History. Bellingham divided Winnisimmet into four great farms, known as the Williams, Shurtleff, Cary and Carter farms. He built the Cary house on what is now Par- story says that one of the officers com- mitted suicide there, and as they removed his body, blood dropped on the stairs. It is said that soldiers cut off the stained places with their swords, and when the family returned they had new pieces fitted in, which are still very noticeable, as it was impossible to match the wood, the stairs then being too years old and of a dark color. Some say. however, that British soldiers were never quartered in this house. There is a secret chamber in the house built to hide articles of value in CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED $ nnHi FRONT VIEW SOLDIERS' HOME. REAR VIEW SOLDIERS' HOME, SHOWING NEW ADDITIONS. 8 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED times of peril. It is in the top of the house, and is reached by a peculiar pas- sage that winds around the chimney from the cellar. The Pratt house, on Washington Ave- nue, in the Prattville district, is the next oldest house in the city. The exact date of its erection is not known, but it was probably built at about the year 1700. The original Pratt homestead was built, probably as early as 1650, by Thomas Pratt, who died in 1732. He was the first of the Pratt family living in Winni- simmet. It was in the earlier house that then spoke of the first ferry, and the old- est county road in the colony, as follows : "As early as 1631, Thomas Williams undertook to set up a ferry between Win- nisimmet and Charlestown — the oldest in the United States of which I have seen any account ; and about the same time was begun on the grounds now belonging to the United States, near the present pier, what I suppose to be the oldest turn- pike in the country, and on which we are at this moment standing. Beginning at the pier, as I have said, it crossed sev- eral times what is now the turnpike, and REVIEW CLUB HOUSE. Washington was entertained at dinner, in 1 775, when in Winnisimmet looking after the American soldiers stationed here. It stood as erected, with necessary altera- tions and additions, until demolished in 1855. A portion of this house was used in the construction of the former resi- dence oi Mayor Herman W. Pratt, and the doorstone is incorporated in the wall of the park in Prattville. Judge < 'li irnberlain in his oration at the laying of the cornerstone of the Prattville schoolhouse, in speaking of "first things," mentioned the house of Maverick, and stretched away toward Lynn and Salem." Starling at the old ferry site, this road continued past the old Ferry Tavern, east- ward by the ShurtlefE farm mansion- house, along what is now Hawthorn Street, up the present line of Washing- ton Avenue, around Slade's corner where the Carter farm mansion stood, and where the road leading to Medford and Cambridge branched to the west (now Count)' road), and on to Sagamore Hill, now known as Mt. Washington, past the Pratt house, thence to the right through Fenno street to Kenno's corner, through CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Revere, and then by Maiden street to Linden. In 1S04 the Salem turnpike was laid out. Until that time it was the most direct road from Essex county to Boston, and so, of course, was greatly travelled. The present Unitarian church building on Beach Street, Revere, although now a modern-looking structure, is, according to Judge Chamberlain, the oldest church edifice standing in Suffolk county. It was finished about the year 1 709, and the dedicatory services were conducted by Rev. Cotton Mather, of Boston. For ham, who owned almost the whole of Chelsea, and who proposed to set up a great theological seminary. The will was overthrown. Governor Bellingham was very much of a man, which his son was not, and his son, after his wife died, fell into the hands of a widow who secured his property, and it came into the posses- sion of the Watts familv." The U. S. Government Grounds. There is much that is interesting in VIEW OF CLARK AVENUE. many years the residents of Winnisim- met attended services there. Judge Chamberlain said on the oc- casion before mentioned, that the first allotment of land made by the town of Boston, in 1638, includes that on which the Prattville school house was built, the grant being to the distinguished governor of Massachusetts, Sir Harry Vane. That section was then known as the Vane farm. , " Chelsea, this very VVinnisimmet, was the subject of one of the longest series of suits in the world," said Judge Chamber- lain in an address on Chelsea. "They grew out of the will of Governor Belling- connection with the United States govern- ment grounds occupied by the Naval and the Marine hospitals. Judge Chamber- lain once said of the government grounds : " This spot was chosen by the first comers for its elements of beauty. And these it still retains, though when the early settlers looked across from where the Naval hos- pital now stands they saw Morton's Point, which rose 35 feet: then to Eagle Hill, in East Boston, then 125 feet high; farther south, the Tri-Mountain, the three hills of Boston ; farther south, Dorchester Heights ; then around to the north, Sag- amore Hill, now Mt. Washington — and CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED which I wish was still Sagamore Hill, as it was the house of the Sagamores — and Powderhorn Hill." "This position was the best opportun- ity afforded our ancestors of witnessing the great battle of Bunker Hill. This position was occupied by the left wing of Washington's army when he took com- mand in July, 1775." These grounds were the site of the landing of the first ferry, established May 18, 1631, and the terminus of the first county road in the colony, beginning at Salem. On May 27, 1775, a con- flict occurred in Chelsea creek be- tween the Provincials and the Brit- ish troops, in w h i c h the armed schooner Diana was abandoned by the latter, and drifting to this shore, was disman- tled an d burned. The United States government pu re has ed these grounds Sep- tember 22, 1823. In the aut- umn of 1N06, a movement was begun through The Chelsea Gazette to secure the removal of the high brick wall which hid the view of the beautiful hill from Broadway. It was at once taken up by Congressman William B. Barrett, and inside of twelve months the wall had been removed by order of Congress, which made an appropriation of S6000 for the work and for the substitution of a light iron fence. This has added much to the attractiveness of this important entrance to Chelsea. A I iblet setting forth the historical facts relating to the grounds, was procured by popular subscription and inserted in the fence. Powderhorn Hill. CITY HALL. The name of Powderhorn Hill has been the subject of much discussion, and its origin is not definitely known. ( >ne of the traditions is that it was once sold for a horn of powder, but this cannot be traced to an authentic source. Another theory is that its shape was considered as resembling a powder horn. The first mention of Powderhorn Hill in the Colonial rec- ords was on November 7, 1632, when it was order- ed that " the necke of land betwixte Powderhorn Hill and Pul- len Poynte shall belonge to Boston, to be enj oyed by the inhab- itants thereof forever." The hill, however, i s to be enjoyed by the inhab- i t a n t s of Chelsea, more partic- ularly forever, all the top of it, excepting the grounds of the Soldiers' Home, and excepting that occupied by the reservoir, and already the property of the munici- pality, having been bought by the city for a public park. " It was from this point," says Judge Chamberlain, "that our people telegraphed to the people of Roxbury and Cambridge the news of any movements of the British army in Boston. During the siege of Boston in 1775 and 1 770. three companies of troops had their winter quarters in Chelsea ; some were quartered in the houses on the hospital CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED i r FIRE DEPARTMENT ENGINE 1 fill FIRE DEPARTMENT ENGINE 2. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED FIRE DEPARTMENT ENGINE 3. grounds, other's in the Cary-Bellingham These did not afford room enough and house, and others in the Carter house, barracks were built on what is now where Mr. Slade's house stands now. Washington Park." CITY ARMORY, SECOND AND CHESTNUT STS . CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 1 3 Chelsea City Officers. The following are the names of the mayors of the City of Chelsea since its incorporation, and the years in which they served: Francis B. Fay, 1S57 ; Hosea Illsley, 1858-59-60; Frank B. Fay, 1S61-62-63 ; Eustice C. Fitz, 1864- 65-66; Rufus S. Frost, 1867-68; James B. Forsyth, 1869-70 ; John W. Fletcher, 1871-72 ; Charles H. Ferson, 1S73-74- 75 ; Thomas Green 1876 ; Isaac Steb- bins, 1S77-7S ; Andrew J. Bacon, 1879- 80 ; Samuel P. Tenney, 1881-82 ; Thomas Strahan, 1883-84 ; Eugene F. Endicott, 1885-86; George E. Mitchell, 1887-88; taxes, Thomas B. Frost ; city auditor, Kimball Esterbrook ; city solicitor, George M. Stearns ; city engineer and superin- tendent of streets, Alfred L. Maggi ; city messenger, Colman Tilden, Jr. ; clerk of committees, Louis L. G. de Rochmont ; park commissioners, Alfred W. Brown, George H. Buck, Joseph R. Carr, John G. Low, J. K. Montgomery ; chief of police, William P. Drury ; chief of fire department, H. Allen Spencer ; superin- tendent of public buildings and inspector of buildings, Walter Batchelder ; in- spector of milk and sealer of weights and measures, George W. Marsh ; board of assessors, Noah Blanchard, Ivory R. WINNISIMMET PARKWAY. Arthur B. Champlin, 1889-90; Albert D. Bosson, 1 89 1 ; Alfred C. Converse, 1 89 2-93 ; George H. Carter, 1S94-95 ; John C. Loud, 1896 ; Herman W. Pratt, 1897 ; Seth J. Littlefield, 1S9S. The present city government consists of the following : Mayor, Seth J. Little- field ; board of aldermen, George T Roberts, president, William S. Hixon, John Duncan, Daniel W. Gould, James G. Webber, Charles J. McDonough, John E. Beck, Joseph H. Gill, Dennis A. O'Brien, Gorham H. Tilton, Horatio R. Delano, John Soley, Herbert A. Norton, William Martin and George E. Mitchell. The city officers are : city clerk, George B. Gurney ; city treasurer and collector of Allen, Wm. M. Jewett ; overseers of the poor, John C. Loud, Frank B. Fay, George T. Roberts, and Otis Merriam, secretary ; water commissioners, Samuel P. Tenney, George E. Mitchell, John H. Crandon, and Caleb Lombard, clerk; commissioners of the sinking fund, C. A. Merriam. A. A. Fickett, George W. Moses, and H. B. Hersey, treasurer ; trustees of the Fitz Public library, Wm. Robinson, C. A. Campbell, Simeon Butterfield, Alton E. Briggs, Wm. E. Gilman, E. F. Endi- cott, and Medora J. Simpson, librarian; trustees of the soldiers' burial lot, Ivory R. Allen, Wm. A. Prescott, Joseph W. Thayer ; registrars of voters, E. Walter Everett, J. Henry Taylor, Alden G. Allen 14 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED and George B. Gurney J. \\. Stickney, A. M. Sibley, city physician. board of health, Rice, and H. A. \s \ PLACE OF RESIDENCE. Let no one think that Chelsea has not attractions and advantages to offer. Its extreme length is 2.36 miles, and its ex- treme width 1.36 miles. It contains 1 44 1 acres. Its attractions are increas- ing every year, now more rapidly than ever before. When the subway and the new bridge from Charlestown are opened, we shall be only fifteen minutes from Scollay square, Boston, by electric cars, as well as only eleven minutes from the fairly singed by the heat, we are enjoying the refreshing breeze from the seas. Chelsea is a healthy city. It is well lighted, has good streets, the Metropoli- tan water supply and the Metropolitan sewer system. There is opportunity for hundreds more houses on the slopes of Powderhorn Hill, Mt. Washington and Mt. Bellingham, all of which are easily accessible, and from which the most magnificent views in this vicinity are to be had. One has not far to go in any direction, to get into beautiful fields or woods. It is probable that within a year or two, we shall have a State boulevard through the beautiful Snake River valley, FROST H< northern Union station by train, and the same from Hanover street by ferry. That will be worth much to Chelsea. Being within twenty minutes ride of the State reservation at Revere beach, the finest public pleasure resort in the country, is a thing of no small value. Chelsea people have a grand pleasure park always at hand in the summer season, and if they cannot get into the country for an extended stay, they can have daily access, if they choose. to this magnificent stretch of seashore. Indeed there are few if any cities in the country, in which a summer can be spent as comfortably as in Chelsea. Many days when residents of inland cities are being opening up a new and delightful route to the Revere Beach reservation, the Lynn woods, the Middlesex Fells and other portions of the great park system. WATER SUPPLY. Chelsea is fortunate in being supplied with water through the Metropolitan sys- tem. The pumping station in this city is located in the water department building shown in the following page. The present board of water commissioners is composed of Hon. Samuel P. Tenney. chairman. Hon. decree K. Mitchell, and Ex-Alderman John II. Crandon. The board is unusually progressive. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED *5 i6 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 17 Public Property. The buildings owned by the city are, this year, under the charge of the follow- ing members of the board of aldermen, who comprise the committee on public property : Messrs. Tilton, Martin and Norton. Through their courtesy several cuts of city buildings are presented in the pages of this work. That the above named are in touch with the spirit of the times is well known, while all have inter- ests in the city in which they reside. The construction of the new police courts building in Winnisimmet parkway, which under the care of the committee on high- ways, consisting of Messrs. O'Brien, Hixon, Soley, Delano and McDonough of the board of aldermen. All horses, teams, road rollers, watering carts, drays and appliances are kept at the city stables on Fifth street, and are kept constantly busy in repairing the public streets. Appended illustra- tions of the city stables and several streets show that the city government makes the most of the money appropriated for keeping the streets in good condition. Washington avenue, one of the principal thoroughfares leading from Broadway to Prattville, a fast growing residence sec- ORIGINAL TABLET COMMEMORATING INTRODUCTION OF WATER WORKS IN CHELSEA. when completed will comprise the hand- somest building in the city, and that of the Prattville schoolhouse, a building of modern architecture, is being admirably carried out under their direction. Street Improvement. That the public streets of Chelsea are well kept is a matter of local pride and comfort. Recent improvements along this line have brought the condition of the streets to their present state of excel- lence, while plans are now laid and pro- vision made for still further improving them. The work of the city in this direction is tion, is one of the finest residence streets in the city. From Gary square to the railroad bridge on this avenue, the street is paved with a particularly durable brick. This, with the upper section, which com- prises a finely macadamized roadway, makes a pleasant relief from the paved main thoroughfare of Broadway. On this avenue reside many of the leading families of Chelsea. While Washington avenue has been properly improved, Crescent avenue, one of the longer streets leading towards Revere has also been favored, together with Cary avenue which runs into it. This avenue is unusually wide and one where much building has been CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 19 done in the past two years. The roadbed there is of macadam and the avenue a popular one, since improved, for bicyclists and leads to Revere beach. In the more thickly populated Second street the above committee have done good work univer- sally appreciated. This is of recent date and is also macadamized. In the late the Boston & Maine railroad, whose tracks cross the avenue. In improving this avenue manufacturers are duly encouraged. Other Facts About the City. Chelsea was a part of Boston until : 739> "hen it was incorporated as a LATE COL. F. B. FAY, FIRST MAYOR OF CHELSEA. improvement on Everett avenue, leading from Broadway to the city of Everett, the city government has shown an interest in the development of the populace. This avenue, in addition to the factories already built and operated there, pos- sesses abundant land suitable for the erection of factory structures with excel- lent rail facilities immediately at hand in separate town, which included the present Chelsea, Revere and Winthrop. In 1841 the so-called Panhandle was set off to Saugus, and in 1846 North Chelsea was set off, comprising the present towns of Revere and Winthrop. In 1857, Chelsea became an incorporated city. Its territory covers 1,441 acres, has some- thing over 5,000 houses and about 50 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED WASHINGTON AVENUE. miles of streets. The city government had up to 1894 been vested in a mayor and city council consisting of a board of aldermen and a common council. In that year a new city charter was adopted by the people and this abolished the common council and increased the num- ber of aldermen from eight to fifteen. The new charter came into effect in 1895. THE CITY'S GROWTH. Chelsea's growth is indicated by the SPENCER AVENUE. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED SECOND STREET. following figures : The United States census of 1880 shows the population of the city to be 21,785 ; the state census of 1885, 25,709 ; the United States census of 1890, 27,909, and the state census of 1895, 31,295. These are the latest offi- cial census figures. The estimate of the population of the city by the state board of health for the week ending April 16, 1898, was 32,716. Educational Advantages. The public schools of the city of Chel- EVERETT AVENUE. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED -~— CITY STABLES. sea have long taken the most advanced rank. They have been the pride of citi- zens of all classes, and appropriations on behalf of the city government and general support in every direction have been generous. With the completion of the new Prattville building, of which an illus- tration is given herewith, and which shows it to be one of the handsomest structures in Chelsea, the various grades will have been well provided for in the way of accomodations. The capacity of the schools is now estimated at about 5,300 pupils. The number of those completing the entire public school course and gradu- ating from the high school is unusually large. The proximity of the city of Boston has ever been a stimulus, despite CHEMICAL 1 AND HOOK AND LADDER 1 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 2 3 the seeming drawbacks which might present themselves to those in charge because of that very fact. Teach- ers have always been selected with the most exacting care and the question of political influence in the choosing is an unknown f a c t o r . In no city in the state, perhaps, has this evil been so thor- oughly eradicated as here. The teaching force in- cludes instructors of ability and ex- perience and in past years many have been called to other places, including a large number to the schools of Boston. Th e build ings represent an ex- penditure of over three quarters of a million dollars and the annual appropriation for the school depart- ment is in the vicinity of $1 20,- 000. The school committee, to which is entrusted the general over- sight of the edu- cational facilities, consists of three members from each of the five wards of the city and the mayor is an ex-officio member. The length of the term is three years. A chairman and vice-chairman are chosen from among the mem- bers and a dele- gate is also sent to sessions of the board of alder- men to represent t h e department R. S. FROST HOSE 1 COMBINATION HOSE 4. 24 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED when school matters are under considera- tion. At this writing, the board is made up as follows : Hon. Seth J. Littlefield, mayor, ex-officio ; ward one — Francis W. Bakeman, Abram T. Collier, Byron T. Thayer; ward two — Minnie I.. Fenwick, Franklin O. Barnes, Emeline A. Gilman : ward three — William N. Jewell (delegate to board of aldermen), R. Perry Bush, Amorette I.. Winslow; ward four — Ed- ward S. Johnson, Fannie P. Endicott, George PI. Dunham (vice-chairman) : Williams, Walnut street ; Carter, Forsyth street. The Highland school, at the cor- ner of Cottage and Highland streets, has both primary and grammar grades. There are seven primary schools, one of which, the Cary school, at the corner of Second and Walnut streets, has a teaching force of thirteen. As pupil teachers, young ladies are being constantly trained for openings in the regular faculty. Includ- ing these pupil teachers, a supervisor of music and two supervisors of drawing, the CHELSEA HIGH SCHOOL. ward five — Edward H. Lowell, Eugene F. Endicott (chairman), Henry Mitchell ; clerk, Mattie O. Carter. The rooms of the committee and superintendent are at 3 Third street, in the post office building, and are open from 8 a. m. to 12.30 p. m. and from 2 to 4 p. M. ; on Saturdays from 8 to 9 a. m. The regular meeting nights of the board are on the first Monday of each month. The high school building is on Bellingham street. The grammar schools are the ShurtlefT, Essex street ; teaching staff numbers 126. An extended sketch of Superintendent Walter H. Small appears elsewhere. The first public school opened in the city was the old Brown school, at the corner of Maverick and Shurtleff streets, and of this school many pleasant memories have been re- tained by former pupils when grown to mature age and become active in the more serious affairs of life. The first high school was on Winnisimmet square, where is now a business block. The CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 2 5 NEW PRATTVILLE SCHOOL. WILSON 4 WEBBER, ARCHITECTS. generous appropria- tion annually pro- vided is expended with a view to getting the fullest value for every dollar, but, withal, economy is tempered with a proper foresight for the future as well as the immediate day. From the last report of Superinte ndent Small, much valuable information can be gleaned as to the needs and conditions of the department. Mr. Small succinctly states the reasons why the executive head of the school system should maintain the strictest oversight of office and school ad- ministration. While he should not attempt CARTER SCHOOL. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED HIGHLAND SCHOOL. WILSON & WEBBER. ARCHITECTS. WILLIAMS SCHOOL. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 27 SHURTLEFF SCHOOL. to do such detailed work as the prepar- ing of statistical tables, he should devise all systems and insist on the order. The telephone could be used to good advantage in school work, as in busi- ness generally, and school buildings should be so con- nected with the superinten- dent's office. The matter of apparent crowding of build- ings is considered and sug- gestions made as to a remedy, such as providing a place for preliminary in- struction for those who enter school without sufficient knowledge of the language to comprehend the drift of the work in the grade to which they properly may be assigned. A deserved tribute is paid to the entire teaching force. In the mat- ter of course of study, phy- sical culture, sewing and Sloyd are given a recom- mendation and their intro- duction will doubtless soon be consummated. Attendance figures are presented which make an excellent CARY SCHOOL. 2S CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED showing. Such, in brief, are the salient features of the school system. It may be said that no city of its size is better pro- vided for in this way than is Chelsea, and to the young every incentive is offered for the acquirement of a practical educa- tion for the duties of life. To families in which there are children of school age, this city is made a most desirable place of residence. Walter H. Small. of the course of study. From 1S93 to his election to a similar position by the school board of this city, he was superin- tendent of schools in Palmer, where he made a most notable administration in behalf of the fine educational system for which that Connecticut valley town is noted. Mr. Small began his work in this city in the fall of 1897. Alton Elliot Briggs. Mr. Small has had the oversight of the city schools for but compar- a t i v e 1 y a short time, but he is a thoroughly competent educator, bringing to his impor- tant and re- spons i ble position, ripe scholarship and a fine record as a successful in- structor i n other places. He was born in Province- town, M;iss., April 2 1 , 1 8 5 6 , and gradua t ed from Dartmouth college with the class of '78, teaching ungraded and boys' schools for four terms before and during his col- lege course. Immediately after his grad- uation, he taught for some time in the grammar and high schools in Medfield, and from 1879 to 1893 was in charge of the Hudson high school, in which town he performed much of the labor which would naturally fall to the part of a super- intendent of schools, including the making WALTER H. SMALL, 4DENT CHELSE Alton El- liot Priggs, principal of the Chelsea high school, whose ability as an edu- cator has brought t o him early honors, was born in Mid- d 1 e b o r o , Mass., April 3, 1864. He is of old New England stock, and on the maternal side is a lin- eal descend- ant of Elder Prewster, of May tlo we r fame. He fitted for col- lege at the high school of his native town, from which he graduated in 1881. Principal Briggs then entered Dartmouth college, where he won honors in mathematics, languages and sciences, graduating from there in 1885. That same year he assumed the charge of a dis- trict school at Somerset as instruc- tor. After one week, he was accorded the mastership of the grammar school of the same town. Later, he was called to the principalship of the high SCHOOLS CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 20 school at Hollis. While instructing there he was specially elected teacher in com- position at the Lynn high school, which position he filled for one year. The fol- lowing year he served as principal of the high school at Nahant. In 1888, he was elected and became sub-master in the Chelsea high school, and in February, 1 89 1, he was chosen principal to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John E.Clark. Although a a young man, Mr. Briggs ranks high as an educator, and his abili- ty as an in- structor is shown by the achievements of the gradu- ating classes in the past seven years, which have given the Chelsea high school a standing among the first in the state. Where such privi- leges are ac- corded by colleges, dip- lomas from this school admit pupils without fur- ther examin- ation. Mr. Briggs has added to the excellent method of instruc- tion to be availed of by pupils of the high school, by his complete development of the departmental system. Outside of his school life, and he is a profound student of the progress of his many pupils, he is interested in all matters pertaining to the health and good order of his adopted city. In the recent formation of the municipal league he took an important part. ( )n the no-license committee, he has also been an influential worker. He is a member of the Star of Bethlehem lodge, F. <x: A. M., an attendant of the Central Congregational church, and a con- tributing member of the Y. M. C. A. Principal Briggs is highly esteemed as a resident of Chelsea as well as held in high regard by his corps of excellent assistants and large number of pupils under his charge. Chelsea Fire Dept. Photo by Purdy. ALTON ELLIOT BRIGGS, MCIPAL CHELSt This city is fortunate in the posses- sion of an efficient paid fire depart- ment. Illus- trations of t h e several houses where apparatuses are continu- ously on the qui vive for the sounding of alarms, are shown o n previous pages. T h e department is ably head- ed by H. A. Spencer, the chief engi- neer, and for the last ten years the ag- gregate loss l H.GH SCHOOL. j-jy COn fl a g ra . tion in any one year has not exceeded $50,000. The department is under the direct charge of certain members of the board of alder- men, known as the fire committee, com- posed of the following : Messrs. Soley, Hixon, Webber, Norton and McDonough. Through the courtesy of these gentlemen it is enabled to picture the department in these pages. The committee fully provide for the needs of the department. 3° CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Chelsea Board of Trade. ORGANIZATION. President, C.eorge H. Carter. i si Vice-President, Chas. A. Campbell. 2nd Vice-President, John H. Crandon. Secretary, Alfred W. Brown. Treasurer, George B. Guild. DIRECTORS. Hermon W. Pratt, James Gould, Jabez K. Montgomery, James Walker, Joseph R. Carr. Alfred Hopkins. Marcus M. Merritt. EXECUTIVE OFFICERS CHELSEA BOARD OF TRADE REl .ll.AR MEETINGS. Second Monday in each month, <S p.m. OFFICE AND ROOMS. Basement first National Hank Building, Broadway. PAST PRESIDENTS. Thomas Martin, Ex-Mayors Thomas Strahan and Samuel P. Tenney. The prominent part which trade organ i/.ations take in the process of universal enlightenment was never more fully made evident than in the present age, by the effect they have upon the development of this country in sustaining its diversified industries. They study and work out the problems which sharp and educated com- petition presents, plan and legislate for a world-wide commerce. This is an age when old ways and means do not obtain, an age in which the finished work of today becomes the unfinished work of tomorrow, and it is only by persistent work and application that permanent results are achieved, which keep us in line anil up-to-date with an advancing civilization. Or- ganization for any and all purposes, having definite re- sults in view, is absolutely indis- pensable. T h e Chelsea Board of Trade was organized nearly four years ago in response to the earnest ap- peals of a few of the prominent, enterprising and public -spirited business men of the city, who fully realized the im- portance of or- ganized effort as an essential re- <1 u i s i t e to the growth, develop- ment and consequent prosperity of the municipality. To bring the matter prac- tically before the people for deliberation and action, a public meeting was held in the Academy of Music, a large audience present. Ex-Alderman John H. Crandon delivered an address upon the subject, ''Industrial Art as a Means to Growth and Development," setting forth the great practical value of trade organizations as a means to facilitate business and stimulate capital seeking investment to investigate CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 3 1 the many natural advantages Chelsea possesses to prosecute manufacturing in- dustries, after which several gentlemen addressed the meeting and the prelimi- nary steps were taken, by the appointment of committees to canvass for names and otherwise forward the movement. At the first meeting of the subscribers there were forty present who proceeded to formulate plans and devise ways and means to effect an organization. In less than three months the membership had increased to Good substantial work has been done by the board in many matters where its good offices have been called into requi- sition, and it has become, not only one of the permanent institutions of the city, but a potent factor, through its various work- ing committees, in shaping municipal and state legislation looking to the general welfare of the city. Extensive corre- spondence has been opened with parties in different sections of the country prospecting for locations and representing DIRECTORS CHELSEA BOARD OF TRADE. more than eighty, and at the present time there are over one hundred and twenty- five enrolled on the books. The board meets the second Monday evening in each month and the directors the fourth Mon- day. The office and rooms of the board are centrally and conveniently located in the basement of the First National Bank building on Broadway, fitted and furnished - with necessary appurtenances for the trans- action of business, and are open daily for the accommodation of members. a great diversity of interests, some of which has fructified, and as a result sev- eral new manufacturing plants have been established within city limits. The geographical position of Chelsea, its close proximity to the great distribu- ting point of Boston, the large area of water front, unsurpassed railroad and water transportation facilities, vacant but cheap available land for factories, mills and workshops of every description, makes the location particularly desirable. 3 2 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Few people, comparatively, are aware to what extent manufacturing business is carried on in Chelsea, or what part of the grand total of New England products she furnishes to supply the demand from this section of the country. In 1880 there were 151 manufacturing interests located and represented in Chelsea ; in 1 890 there had been an increase to 347 : and in 1894,434. Capital invested in 1880, 82,008,150; in 1890, 88,077,324 ; 1894, 810,841,900; number of employees in 1SS0, 1,630; in 1890, 3,470; in 1894, 4>53° > wages per annum in 1880, $675,- 47S : in 1890, $1,884,002 ; in 1894, 82,488,264; cost of material in 1880, 82,274,694; in 1890, $4,681,291; in 1894, 85,884,590; value of product in abounds in a great variety of societies, financial and charitable institutions, churches, schools, fire department, police, water supply, a new and comprehensive system of parks under an efficient com- mission, which has inaugurated vigorous work with results already apparent in the attractive " Winnisimmet Parkway " in Broadway Square, an abundance of desir- able and available land in all sections of the city, suitable for building purposes, a gradually decreasing tax-rate, fine public library, general hospital, old ladies' home, day nursery, soldiers' home, etc., all of which have proved potent factors to make Chelsea a comparatively completed city in those essentials which make for healthy growth, permanent and substan- EX-PRESIDENTS CHELSEA BOARD OF TRADE. 1880, 83,469,616 ; in 1890, 88,158,207 ; in 1S94, 810,502,500 ; with a proportion- ate increase in the intervening years to 1897. The Chelsea Board of Trade is open for business, and tenders its services and influence to those both at home and abroad who contemplate the establish- ment of new business enterprises, or the removal of old ones to more available locations, and most respectfully and cor- dially invites careful investigation of the merits and special adaptation of this bustling, pretty, up-to-date, enterprising city, so favorably and pleasantly situated near the great metropolis of Boston. "With modern and improved facilities for prosecuting business of all kinds, the city tial development. In conjunction with all these requisite auxiliaries to a flour- ishing and attractive city, the people of Chelsea, upon whom, in the last analysis much depends to utilize these natural and acquired advantages, are thoroughly- metropolitan in their tastes and tenden- cies, fully imbued with that spirit of progress and liberality which serves to keep them abreast of the times, and can be safely entrusted with any charge com- mitted to their care to secure that meas- ure of success which inevitably follows laudable purpose and persistent effort. Local manufacturers and business men are earnestly invited t<> forward their applications for membership in the Board of Trade. Manufacturers seeking a location are respectfully in- vited to communicate with the Secretary of the Board. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Chelsea's Benevolences* 33 "Chelsea has never been rich in gold, but she has always been rich in man- hood," said the Rev. Dr. C. E. Jefferson in a recent oration. " Generosity is indigenous to our soil. Samuel Maver- ick, the first Englishman who ever built a house in Chelsea, when John Sagamore and his people were stricken down with smallpox, went in the midst of winter, in company with his wife and servants, to the afflicted savages, tenderly caring for them, burying thirty of them in a single day and carrying the little children who had been left without father or mother to his home. The mantle of that great- hearted Englishman has fallen on the shoulders of our city. We still take care of the sick in our Frost hospital and shelter the children in our Day nursery. Richard Bellingham, for thirteen years deputy governor of Massachusetts and ten years its governor, was once the owner of all Chelsea. His name still clings to one of our highest hills and to one of our most beautiful streets. At his death he left all the territory on which our city stands to the church. The very earth on which we walk speaks to us of great-hearted men and beautiful and generous deeds." On each of the four beautiful hills of Chelsea are substantial evidences of the benevolent spirit which pervades the city. On Government hill are the United States Marine and the United States Naval hos- is'a part of the allotment by the town o. sip happy vane in 1 6 38- governor of ma ssachusett- IN !636. THIS BUILDING FACES THF ^IPST COUNTY ROAD IN THE MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLON THE PRATT HOMESTEAD IN WHICH- ENTERTAINED IN 17 7 5. THIS LOC THE LEFT WINC OF THE AMERICA HISTORICAL TABLET ON PRATTVILLE SCHOOLHOUSE. IS SITE, IN .1625 SAMUEL MAVERICK "FORTIFIED THE ANTIENTIST HOUSE IN THE MASSACHUSETTS COVEPNMENT." THE FIRST FERRY IN THE COLONY WAS* ESTABLISHED HERE MAY 18,1631 THE LANDING BEING NEAP THE PIER. ON THESE GROUNDS WaS THE TERMINUS OF THE FIRST COUNTY POAD IN THE COLONY, BECINNINC AT SALEM. ON THE 27 TH OF MAY 1775, A CONFLICT OCCURRED IN CHELSEA CREEK BETWEEN THE PROVINCIALS AND THE BRITISH TROOPS IN WHICH THE ARMED SCHOONER DIANA WAS ABANDONED BY THE LATTER, AND DRIFTING TO THIS SHORE WAS DISMANTLED AND BURNED. FROM TWESE HEIGHTS THE PEOPLE OF THE SURPOUNDINC COUNTRY WITNESSED THE BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL, JUNE 17, 1775. APART OF THE LEFT WINC OF THE AMERICAN ARMY WAS STATIONED HERE DURINC THE SIECE OF BOSTON 1775-76.THE U.S.COVEPNMENT PURCHASED THIS PROPERTY IN 1823. CHELSEA BP1DCE WAS OPEAiFD TO PUBLIC TRAVEL SEPTEMBEP 22,1805. HISTORICAL TABLET NEAR CHELSEA BRIDGE. pitals. On the slopes of Mt. Bellingham are the Rufus S. Frost General hospital and the Chelsea Day nursery and Chil- dren's home. On Powderhorn hill is the magnificent Soldiers' Home of Massachu- setts, and on Mt. Washington is the Old Ladies' home. The two United States hospitals over- look Mystic river, and the grounds com- prise 125 acres. The naval hospital was erected in 1833, added to in 1S65, and has accommodations for 100 patients. Dr. Joseph G. Avers, U. S. N., is medical director. The ma- rine hospi- tal formerly occupie d what is now the Shurt- leff school. The present hospital build in g was first oc- cupied in 1858, and is consid- ered the best in the Atlantic service. 1USETTS BAY COLON Y. OPPOSITE HERE STOOL BESTEAD IN WHICH CI NEPAL WASHINGTON WAS IN 17 7 5. THIS LOCALITY WAS AN OUTPOST OF COF THE AMEP'<~ \Y DURINC THE SIEGE 7,7 5-76, "EXTENSIVE BARRACKS OCCUPIED BY E-PPOVINCIALSVbEING NEAP HERF 34 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED [ts capacity is 200 patients. It is under the control of the treasury de- partment. Any American sailor coming to the port is entitled to free treatment in it. Dr. H. YV. Austin is the surgeon in charge. The Frost hospital is the gift to the city of the late Hon. Rufus S. Frost, in whose memory it is named. It is located on Shawmut street, at the corner of Chester avenue. The land has an area of 14,000 square feet. The cost of land and build- ings was about $27,000. It was opened in 1886, been well supported. It moved into its present building in 1S88. It has been a blessing to many hard-working mothers and children. The Soldiers' home was opened in 1882. While a private institution, it is in part maintained by the state and national governments. It has accommo- dations for about 400 men. The original building was formerly the Highland hotel, and was bought for $20,000. Many ex- tensive additions have since been made in order to accommodate the constantlv SECTION OF UNION PARK. in 1890. The equipment of the hospital is excellent. The physicians of Chelsea give their services freely to the institu- ■ tion. Tin- deed of gift provides that "no human being shall ever be refused care and treatment because of race, or poverty, or religious belief," and any patient may employ male or female phy- sician whom they may desire. Miss Florence F. Rice is matron. The Day nursery and Children's home adjoins the Frost hospital on Shawmut street. It is maintained by voluntary contributions, and has since its foundation increasing number of faithful veterans dis- abled by war wounds, time and disease. Captain Sevyett Creorey is superintend- ent, and Mrs. Creorey is matron. The Old Ladies' home is on Nichols street, at the corner of F.ustis street, and fronts on Washington park. It was opened January 1, 1887. The nucleus of a fund for such a home was begun by the Ladies' Relief societv in 1S86, and through a number of bequests, notably one from Mrs. Sophia J. Knight, the societv wis enabled to buy the present home. The home is self-sustaining. It CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 35 has accommodations for nine, and the home is always filled to the limit. Chelsea Post-Office. The post-office at Chelsea was estab- lished July 6, 1832, by Postmaster-General Amos Kendall. It became a station of the Boston post-office on July i, 1873, by order of Postmaster-General Jewell. The first postmaster was Horatio Alger, father of the famous story teller, who was born in Chelsea. The department always presidential post-office. Hadley P. Bur- rill next served from 1862 to 1869. He moved the post-office to Broadway near Everett avenue. In 1S69 the salary of the postmaster was $2,700, and the net earnings of the office $3,639.88. Clifton A. Blanchard was the last postmaster at Chelsea, but continued as superintendent of the station until his death in 1879. In 1874 the office was moved to its present location, Broadway and Third street. The change of the Chelsea post-office to a station was strongly favored by Post- \-~\> i ^'/ • ..... -•>•■■ . i*-.-^; • AX *-' VjLtf* 3M ■' *■« • 'IS 1 <: ^r v.. •' '"J*"' Mp 8 % . ^ I; -*■-' ;■**,: . t |£ ¥V*' ' "^SSfr^Kl 5fr Sfc^iEWFi .■'•'. IB *'•"• w* ^MJg M I !■— r"f — 11 j** -^i "ia ' -:"^l ^l^^B Hp 4 ^- SECTION OF WASHINGTON PARK. called the first postmaster Mr. Algier. The post-office was then at Fenno's cor- ner, North Chelsea. Mr. Alger served until March 31, 1842, when he was suc- ceeded by Abel Bowen, and the post- office removed to Winnisimmet street, and there remained until 1862. Benja- min Dodge served next, from 1844 to 1850, when he was succeeded by Sarah A. (Mrs. Moses) Nowell, who remained in charge until 1854. Gideon W. Young was postmaster from 1854 until 1862, and it was in his day that Chelsea became a master William L. Burt of Boston, and has undoubtedly given to Chelsea a postal service, especially in free delivery, usually confined to large cities. Mr. Blanchard's successor was Mary A. Crowell (Mrs. Dr. William G. Wheeler), who was appointed October 17, 1879, by Postmaster Tobey, and remained in charge until 1887, when William H. Cate, Jr., succeeded, to be replaced, on November 1, 1889, by Ezra O. Winsor, the present superintendent, who was appointed by Postmaster Corse, and has the reputation of being among CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED the best superintendents in the service. Ezra Otis Winsor was born in the historic town of Duxbury, of Pilgrim stock, in 1850. lie is probably known to more citizens of Chelsea than any other man. Since 1885 he has been an active member of the Review club ; he is the senior local consul of the League of American Wheelmen and president of the local consulate of Boston and vicinity. He has been connected with the postal service since 1874 and has had as varied a post-office experience as any one in New England. In 1876 he was appointed at Washington, Mr. Winsor prepared a street scheme of the Boston postal district, which was published under the direction of General Corse, then postmaster of Boston, and is today the official authority on such matters. Mr. Winsor's experience has been given expression in a systematic and detailed record book, the value of which has been recognized by the postal officials. Postmaster Thomas of Boston, seeing in it an opportunity to unify the records of the Boston postal district, asked for its publication, which has been granted, and will go into effect July 1st, STEBBINS FOUNTAIN, WINNISIMMET PARKWAY. I clerk in the delivery department of the Boston post-office. In 1884 ne en_ tered the railway mail service where he g iin< ■ ' promo! ii »ns. In 1 888 he was tendered the superintendency of the new Back Hay station, Boston. He de- I himself to the work of fitting up that station and completing its organiza- tion. Such was his success in improving the service in that district that when the less men and citizens of Chelsea requested General Corse to re-organize the p ce at ( !helsea, he was selected, in 1 884, at the request of the department [898, under Mr. W'insor's personal super- vision. At present Mr. Winsor is the executive head of the National Associa- tion of Station superintendents : president of Station Superintendents Association of the Boston postal district ; secretary and urer of the Postmasters ^ss< » i ition of New England, and general grand treasurer of the American < >rder of Fra- ternal I [elpers. The Churches. Twelve religious sects and denomina- CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 37 tions are represented in Chelsea by socie- ties and edifices. The denomination to first get a foothold within the present limits of the city was the Baptist, and now the denomination is represented by two societies. The First Baptist church was organized in 1836. It now occupies a handsome brick edifice opposite City hall, at the corner of Central avenue and Shurtleff street. Rev. F. W. Bateman, D. D., is pastor. In 1S59 a second Bap- tist church was organized, which took the name of the Gary Avenue Baptist church, the edifice be- ing located on the thorough- fa re of that name. Rev. C. C. Pierce is the pastor. The Unita- rians were the second denom- ination in Chel- sea, a church being started here in 1838. The society worships in its church on Hawthorn street, at the head of Fourth street. Rev. C. A . Place is pastor. The Metho- dists founded a church the following year, which is now known as the Walnut Street Methodist-Episcopal church, and in 1853 a second church, the Mt. Bellingham, was organized. The former church is on Walnut street, at the corner of Fourth, and Rev. C. A. Little- field is pastor. The Mt. Bellingham church is on Bellingham street, at the corner of Shurtleff street, and Rev. N. T. Whitaker, D. D., is pastor. St. Luke's Episcopal church is the fourth in age in Chelsea, dating its organization from 1 84 1. The church adjoins the City E. O. WINSOR, SUPT. POST-OFFICE. hall park on the south. Rev. Charles S. Hutchinson is pastor. The same year the Congregational ists, who now have three churches and a chapel in the city, established a church here. After ten years of rapid growth the mem- bership made a friendly division, the old society giving up the church edifice, but retaining the society organization and name, and is now the First Congregational church, whose edifice is on Chestnut street, between Third and Fourth streets. Rev. Ross C. Houghton, D. D . , is now pastor. The First c h u r c h also maintains the Chester avenue chapel, at the corner of Chester avenue and Highland street, w here services are regularly held Sunday after- noon and even- ing, and on Thursday even- ing. Rev. De Mont Good- year is the pas- tor. A n e w society was organized in the old church, w h i c h subse- quently adopt- ed the name of the Central Congregational church, and in 1872 moved into the brick edifice on Chestnut street, at the corner of Fifth street. Its pastor is Rev. Robert A. MacFadden. The Third Congregational church was organized in 1S77, and has an edifice on Reynolds avenue, near Washington avenue. Rev. Samuel M. Cathcart is pastor. The Universalist church dates its organ- ization from 1842, and was the sixth de- nomination to enter Chelsea. The church is at the corner of Fourth and Chestnut streets. Rev. R. Perry Bush is pastor. *8 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED The Roman Catholics established a Mulligan, Rev. H. T. Grady, Rev. J. S. mission here in 1849, and this now is Sheerin, and Rev. T. A. Quinlan. In ad- ranked as the largest denomination in the dition to the church edifice, the Catholics city. The St. Rose church is in the have a large parochial school and a con- Photos by Sla If, A GROUP OF CHELSEA CHURCHES. geographical centre of the city, on Broad- way, near the railroad bridge. Rev. James McGlew is the permanent rector, and the assistants are Rev. Hugh |. vent conducted by the Sisters of Provi- dence. The next denomination to be planted in the city was the Advent Christian, in CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 39 1 868, which now has an edifice on Heard street, op- posite the Chelsea station of the Bos- ton & Maine rail- road. Rev. G. F. Haines is pastor. The colore d people of the city formed the African Methodist- Episco- pal church in 1873, and built its present edifice on Fourth street, below Ar- lington street, in 1890. Rev. W. H, Thomas is pastor. The Horace Me- morial Free Baptist church was organ- ized in 1877. The church edifice was A GROUP OF CHELSEA CHURCHES. MT. BELLINGHAM presented to 'the society by FMr. Thomas Martin as a memorial to his son Horace. The church is on Web- ster avenue, at the corner of Spencer avenue. Rev. J. M. Remick is pastor. The Evangelical church was organ- ized in 1896, and now worships in the hall, corner of Broadway and Hawthorn street. Miss M. E. Curry is the pastor. There is a Jewish synagogue in what was formerly Eagle hall, on Winnisim- met street. 4 o CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Rev. Ross. C. Houghton, D.D., Lit. D. The pastor of the First Congregational church is a native of New York, and was educated at Union college and Syracuse university, receiving his degree at the latter institution. He is also an alumnus of the Concord Biblical institute now the School of Theology of Boston university. Ordained in April, 1869, he has been past o r of promine n t churches i n Utica and Buffalo,N.Y. 3 St. Louis, Mo., Cleve- land, Ohio, I ndianapo- lis, Bid., and Portland, Oregon. For some time he was p r e s i- dent of the M c Kendree college in Lebanon, 111. I nder c i r- cu instances especially favorable, to careful observation and study, in 1873-4 he made a tour of the world, using the material thus secured in publishing Orient," " Ruth, the "John, the Baptist." books, of which he is the author, has had a remarkable sale, standing in that respect among the very first of its kind. The other two books have proved almost as popular. He has also published several others purely religious in character and for some years has been known as a pro- lific an 1 favorable writer for religious REV ROSS C. HOUGHTON, D.D., LIT. D " Women of the Moabitess," and The first of these magazines and newspapers. For several years Dr. Houghton devoted all the time he could spare from the duties of a large city pastorate to the lecture platform, and as a lecturer was heard and appreciated in nearly all the cities of N. V. and the western states, his subjects being based upon his travels and literary topics. He has also lectured frequently in university extension courses and various schools and colleges. As a lecturer, he ranks among the foremost of the day, and in this parti en bli- the press of the country bestows on h i m h i g h encomiums. He is a member o f the society of Biblical A rchaeol- ogy of Lon- d on and several other literary and historical associations. He was in- stall e d as pastor of the First C o n - gregat i onal church of this ci t y, April 17. 1 S 9 5 . At that time, Rev. C. E. Jefferson, D.D., then pastor of the Central Congregational church, said of him : "We congratulate the First church on the good fortune of securing such a man. He carries sunlight into the homes where he visits and is a welcome speaker or guest wherever he goes. He had not been many weeks in our city before he had a large circle of acquaintances and friends, and from the first day of his coming until now, the church has been CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 41 rejoicing and growing under his ministry." Dr. Houghton is an attractive writer and speaker, clear in thought, strong in argu- ment and incisive in expression. He possesses a happy combination of quali- ties, rare talent, ample learning, genial manners, large experience among man- kind, a ready tongue and pen, the ability to direct his whole faculties immediately to any required task and the power of enduring h a r d a n d continuous w o r k. His physical and mental vigor give promise of yet many years of use- fulness to the church a n d to the city. Rev. C A. Littlefield. The pastor of the Walnut stieet M. E. church of this city, Rev. Charles Alvin Little- field was born in Wells, York county, Me. He is a de- scendant of a long line of ancestry o f English ori- gin . The Littlefield family have lived at the old homestead for 25 S years in unbroken succession. The first of his ancestors to locate in this country was Sir Edmund, who was an intimate friend of John Wheelwright of Boston, the philanthropist and reformer. Tradition says that he was a schoolfellow of Oliver Cromwell. As private soldiers or officers of rank, representatives of the family have partici- pated in every war for the maintenance REV. C. A. LITTLEFIELD. of the colonies of the country of civil or religious liberty during the past 250 years. The subject of this sketch was educated in the public schools of his native town, prepared for college at the Maine Wes- leyan Seminary, Kent's hill, Me., and graduated from Wesleyan university, Mid- dletown, Ct., in 1884. Before he was twenty-one years of age he was elected superintendent of schools of his own town. After graduation from college he devoted two years to special study and reading along theo- logical, legal and socialog- ical lines. In 1886, he united with New Eng- land Confer- ence of the Methodist- Episcopal church and was first stationed at C liftondale. During a suc- cessful pas- torate of three years, the member- ship of that church doub- led and its congregation and resourc- e s were largely increased. While there he took a leading part on the no-license question of the town, and backed by a committee of fifteen prominent citizens, wrought a change from a license to a no-license policy which, with the exception of one year, has since been maintained. From Cliftondale, he was called to the First Methodist-Episcopal church of Spring- field, where he served a pastorate of five years. During this pastorate 300 new 42 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED members were added to the church, and the property reconstructed and enlarged at the expense of about $20,000. A new- church parsonage was also built, all of which was 1 lone with funds secured as a personal gift to him. His next call was to Watertown. During his two years of service there, a fine granite church struc- ture was elected, which from an architec- tural and artistic standpoint was said, at the time, to be the hand- somest Meth- odist church building east of Pittsburg. Before t h e close of his second year at Water- town, he was called to be- come corre- sponding sec- retary of the Boston Mis- sionary and C h u r c h Extension society, a so- ciety doing work at thir- teen different points a n d e mp loving twent y - two field workers. After t w o years of serv- ice in that important field, during which time the work was so unified and systematized as to give sure promise of its future main- tenance, he decided to re-enter the pas- torate, and in April. ['898, was appointed pastor of the Walnut street church of this city. Mr. Littlefield was one of the three men representing New England, who met at Cleveland in 1890, when the Epworth League, the flourishing young people's society of the Methodist chur< h, was or- ganized. He has the honor of being the official father of its name, and also framed the five propositions upon the basis of which the organization took place. In 1 89 1 he was married to Jane Whipple of Maiden, Mass. Wherever he has been located he has shown an inclination to take a personal interest in all local move- ments tending to the public good and share, as he believes all should, in the conduct of municipal affairs. Rev. C. C. Pierce. REV. C. C. PIERCE. Rev. Charles Clark Pierce, t h e widely- esteemed pastor of the Cary avenue Baptist church, was born in Mer- edith, Dela- ware county, New York, 1S5S. He was one of a large family of ten boys and one girl, all of whom are now liv- ing excepting his youngest brother, who, as a student for the minis- t r y a n d a young man of great promise, die 1 but recently at Hamilton, X. V. The subject of this sketch obtained his early education in his native town and still further continued his studies in the N. Y. State Normal college at Albany. After graduating there, he taught school for five years in New Jersey and New York city. He then entered Colgate university at Hamilton, N.Y., from which he graduated in 1 888. During his attend- ance at college he took many prizes in competition with his fellow students, and :helsea illustrated REV. ROBERT A. MACFADDEN. during the senior year, was awarded the first prize for the senior historical thesis. He was also one of the editors of the »*#<*<**" •. REV. R. PERRY BUSH. college paper, and upon his graduation was elected a member of the Phi Beta Kappa society. He prepared for the ministry at Hamilton Theological semi- nary, where he was graduated in 1891. REV. C. A. PLACE. REV. C. S. HUTCHINSON. 44 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED THE LATE HON. EUSTACE C. FITZ. Being immediately ordained, he accepted his first call to become pastor of the First Baptist church at Oneonta, N. Y., and the same year was married to Mary R. Fitch of Walton, N. V., a graduate of Vassar college in 1SS7, and who has been of great assistance to him in his life work. He remained in Oneonta from 1S91 to 1896, which period comprised a pleasant and successful pastorate, and during which time the church increased in membership from 350 to 550. In response to the call of the Cary Avenue Baptist church, he came to Chelsea in May, 1X96. Since that time, the success in building up the church has been marked, for in a little over two years, 146 new members have been taken into the church, and the attendance of the Sunday school doubled. By the largely increased audiences at both morning and evening services, Mr. Pierce's popularity as a preacher is shown. Since becoming a resident of Chelsea, he has been active in his duties as a citizen, and is known as an able preacher, a profound thinker and kind and sympathetic pastor. In 1897 he was a delegate to the interna- tional convention of the Christian Endeav- orers which met in California. While there he had the opportunity of visiting Los Angeles and various other places of interest on the Pacific coast. He is one of the present directors of the Chelsea Young Men's Christian association and is enrolled in the membership of the Knights of Pythias and the Sons of Veterans. He resides on Lawrence street. Fitz Public Library. In this institution the city possesses a free public library accessible to all who care to avail themselves of the use of its 16,232 volumes or its well-equipped read- ing rooms. The library was established in 1868. The institution was opened to the city, Jan. 1, 1870. The original number of volumes was 3,384, and the library has steadily grown in popularity and resources until it has become one of the finest and most complete of those possessed by the smaller cities of the state. The first location was in Green's block, corner of Broadway and Second street. In 1874 the quarters were removed to Campbell's building, where books were provided the public until 1885, when Hon. Eustace C. Fitz purchased, altered and gave to the city the present building and beautiful grounds located on Broad- wax-, between Marlboro and Matthews MEDORA JENNETT SIMPSON. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 45 streets. The present library building was dedicated Dec. 22, 1885, and the name changed in honor of the donor, from the Public Library of the City of Chelsea to the Fitz Public library. The first floor comprises the stock, reception, three reading and two reference rooms, and the second floor contains the rooms for the librarian, Chelsea and public documents. Several large paintings in oil adorn the main floor, including a fine one of the founder. The institu- tion has no per m anent fund, but is supported by the annual appropria- tion of the city and by d o nations. The annual home circu- lation during the current year is be- twee n 000 77,000 vol- umes, and the reading room about 9,300 vol- umes. In the reading roo m the current num- bers of eighty p er i odicals are kept. The officers and board of trustees com- prise the following : Present trustees, William Robinson, Charles A. Campbell, Eugene F. Endicott, Simeon P>utterfield, William E. Gilman, Alton E. P>riggs. The librarian is Aledora Jennett Simpson, who has served efficiently since the foun- dation of the library, being first elected to the office in 1S69. Portraits of both the founder and librarian are presented on the previous page. /0>" and JUDGE MELLEN CHAMBERLAIN, LL.D., LL Judge Mellen Chamberlain, LL.D. A distinguished resident of Chelsea is Judge Mellen Chamberlain, perhaps one of the best-known authorities on literature in this state. He was born in Pembroke, N. H., June 4, 1821, and graduated at Dartmouth college in 1844. A few years later he entered the Dane Law school, at Cambridge, where he received the degree of LL.B.,and in 1849 he began the study of law in Boston and became a resident of Chelsea. In 185S-9 he served in the state legis- lature, in 1 8 6 3 - 4 in the senate, and fro m iS66toiS7S was a judge, a portion of which time was chief justice of the m u n i c i p a 1 court of Boston. I n 187S he was elected libra- rian- in-chief of the Boston Public lib- rary. His fa m i 1 i a r i t y with books a n d litera- ture enabled him to discharge with credit the responsible duties of the office, from which, by reason of ill health, he retired October, 1890. His research into New- England History has been profound, and until recently, he has contributed various works which have added much to Ameri- can literature, consisting of historical papers, addresses, poetry and biographies. He is considered the highest authority on local history and for several years was 46 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED engaged in the preparation of the history of Chelsea. On account of failing health, after writing the first 200 years of this history, he turned the sacred manuscript over to Simeon Butterfield for completion. Judge Chamberlain is a corresponding member of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquities at Copenhagen and Denmark, and of the N. H., N.Y., Perm, and Mass. Historical societies. He received the de- gree of LL.l >. in 1 885, and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He resides on Washington avenue. The Late Benj. Penhallow Shillaber. This cel- e b r a t e d poet and h u morist and resi- dent of Chelsea w a s born i n Ports- mouth, N. H., July 12, 1814. H e came to Boston in 1833, and in 1840 be- came con- n e c t e d w i t h the Boston Post, where the career of Mrs. Partington began, when, on the occasion of a rise in bread-stuffs, she remarked that the price of flour made no difference to her, for she "always had to pay the same amount for half a dollar's worth." This was copied far and wide in the papers in the country, and made him famous. While connected with the Post he became a writer of verses, many breathing the true poetic spirit, notably, "The Little Low Hut by the Riverside." He left the Post in 1850 to establish with others a journal called the Carpet Bag, but it was not a V - , ■ V -j 1^ . ! ''TBfc"Sfc» : THE LATE BENJAMIN PENHALLOW SHILLABER. pecuniary success, as the world was not then ready evidently to support a funny paper. He was afterwards connected with the Saturday Evening Gazette, where he created many new characters. In his later years he wrote delightful letters for the Hartford Post over the signature of "Old Man with a Cane." He wrote nine books in all, the one in which he took most pride, "Lines in Pleasant Places," a collection of occasional poems for which he had a great facility. He read before Tufts and Dartmouth colleges on com- mencement occasions. His connection with Franklin Typo, societv, with Free Masons and Odd Fellows, frequently drew upon t h e offices o f h i s good- natureil muse ; and his pen was ever ready for service in the affairs o f the city of his adop- tion. For many years he was a v a 1 11 e d member of theChelsea school committee, the o n 1 y office he ever de- sired to hold : and his bust in marble, the work of Darius Cobb, presented to the city by Hon. Rufus S. Frost, adorns the hall of the high school. While liberal in his opinions, he was tolerant of all religious beliefs. His creed, said one who knew him well, "was love to God and man exemplified in every act of his life." The affection he inspired in old and young alike was but the reflec- tion of his own sunny nature, for as Mrs. Eliz. Akers Allen said, "he radiated cheer- fulness as the hearth fire sends out light and heat." The last years of his life, CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 47 with exception of summer outings, were spent in the retirement of home, he being a great suffer from gout, which he play- fully said was inherited from his wife's relations, she having been a descendant of a noble Huguenot family. He passed away suddenly on Nov. 25, 1891. Chelsea Parks. Chelsea has been progressive in regard to providing parks of various kinds. Union park, near the Boston & Maine railroad station, in the centre of which stands the soldiers' monument, was estab- lished in 1 87 1. Washington park, in the Prattville district, was established in the 80s. This adds greatly to the beauty of this section of the city. In 1897, \\ 'innisimmet parkway was created in the centre of Chelsea square, greatly enhanc- ing the appearance of that central spot ; that year the whole top of Powderhorn hill, which is 200 feet above the sea, was taken for park purposes, and provision was made for two large playgrounds. The Woodlawn Cemetery. On the following page is presented a view of the entrance of Woodlawn, the important cemetery this side of Boston, lots in which are largely owned by promi- nent residents of Chelsea, East Boston, Everett, Maiden and Revere. This beautiful city of the dead is located in the limits of Everett, but is adjoined by Chelsea and Revere. While like others, Woodlawn cemetery has been spared neither money nor pains for the preserva- tion and improvement of the natural beauty of its grounds, its extensive lawns, walks, drives and lots, its approach and entrance avenues, even after one is far inside the gates, have nothing of the appearance of a cemetery, thus making it distinguished among the leading ceme- teries of the state. In its new entrance, the owners, who since 1894 have been composed entirely of the lot holders, may justly be proud ; and since its completion in the early spring of 1898, it has attract- ed many visitors. This important addi- tion was carried out under the plans of architect William Hart Taylor, a resident of Chelsea, and is justly considered a marvellously beautiful and artistic work. Connected by a battlement wall with the wrought iron gates which are supported by several towers of granite, the centre one of which is thirty feet in height, is a large lodge house of Graeco-Roman archi- tecture. This building possessing a beau- tifully designed and executed tower is finished with a regard to both beauty and convenience. In this handsome structure are contained the offices of the cemetery in which are several large fire proof vaults for the storage of valuable records. Here also are waiting and other rooms for the convenience of visitors and officials. For passing through the gateway there are two broad drives, on each side of which are separate foot paths. While the en- trance of this cemetery comprises one of the handsomest and most costly in the United States, its grounds admits of few peers either in well kept avenues or costly monuments. It is noted for its restful shaded wooded drives, which contain thousands of forest trees in full growth, while from the summit of Corbett hill can be seen the waters of the harbor and bay, and many charming views of the distant hills. The cemetery comprises about 175 acres and was organized in 185 1, but as before stated came under the control of the lot owners in 1894. The present management is exceedingly liberal and efficient, guarding well the interests of the lot owners. The ceme- tery possesses a large fund for the perpetual care of lots, and a maintenance fund for the general care of the cemetery. At this writing there are about 27,000 interments there. The present officers of the corporation are : Charles Leeds, president : Eugene F. Endicott, secre- tary ; Roscoe Pierce, treaserer, and F. F. Marshall, superintendent. The trus- tees are Elisha S. Converse, E. F. Endi- cott, Frank W. Remick, William H. Remick, J. Frank Wellington, Wilmot R. Evans, David H. Blaney, Robert M. Bar- nard and Charles Leeds, and in the proverbial perfect care of the cemetery and the arrangement of its daily affairs in detail much credit is given the efficient superintendent. 48 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 49 Hon. Seth J. Littlefield. The present mayor of Chelsea, Hon. Seth j. Littlefield, was born in Water- boro, York County, Maine, in 1S39. He is a son of William Littlefield, who was a well-to-do farmer of that town. He spent his early days on the home farm and attended district school winters. In i860 he came to Wenham, Essex County, and e n t ering a large general 1 store carried on by B. C. Put nam & Co., where he com- menced to learn the rudiments of mere a ntile life. By close applica t i o n and natural business apt- i t u d e he soon gained favor w i t h his employ- ers, and a few years later was engaged by Henry Damon, the once noted C. O. D. Boston boot and shoe dealer, as traveling salesman, hon.sethj. littlefiel Where he Photo by Purdy. made equal progress. He later became traveling salesman for the wholesale boot and shoe house of Hyde, Hutchinson & Co., remaining with the firm as an employee until after the great fire in 1872, controlling the largest trade and drawing the highest salary of any New England shoe salesman on the road at that time. In 1873 the firm became reorganized and he became one of its members, the new firm being Hutchinson, Littlefield & Hoag. He continued in the wholesale shoe business until November, 1895, when he sold out and retired to attend to his other interests. During his residence in Chelsea, Mr. Littlefield has done much towards improving his personal real estate as well as looking after public matters. His residence at Prattville commands a grand view of the city and is surrounded by spacious grounds. Since he cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln, in i860, Mr. Littlefield has been a staunch re- publican, and for many years has been active in local poli- tics. He was first elected a member of the city g o vernment in 1889, serving the three follow- ing years in the common council. In 1S93-4-5- 6 he was a member of the board of alder men. During h i s terms in both branch- es he served on important committees and was active in furthering the best interests of the city. During the entire time he served on the com- mittee on fire department, of which committee he was for four years chairman. In 1896 he drafted the ordinance creating the office of permanent chief of the fire department. He was five years a member of the committee on public property and introduced the order for bonding the land for the new Prattville schoolhouse. His D, MAYOR OF CHELSEA. 5° CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED election to the office of mayor by the largest vote ever before given a candidate, showed the confidence reposed in him by the voters and taxpayers of Chelsea. Since assuming the responsibilities of the office, his aim to give the people an enables him to fill the mayor's chair with good results, and his term so far has re- flected credit on his integrity and ability. Mayor Littlefield comes of old New Eng- land stock, and traces his ancestry back to the intercolonial times. His grand- CHELSEAS MAYOR AND BOARD OF ALDERMEN, 1898. Photo by Purdy. economical and business-like administra- tion has been strongly and fully demon- strated. Mayor Littlefield is known as one of the few who have secured election without the support of the Citizens' ticket. His knowledge of the city departments father, great-grandfather and four great- uncles fought in the Revolution. He is a (barter member of the Old Suffolk chap- ter, S. A. R., of this city. The mayor is esteemed the highest by those who know him best. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 5 1 George B. Gurney, During the many years the office of city clerk of Chelsea has been filled by the present incumbent, George Benson Gurney, the city has been fortunate. He was born in Boston in 1844 and he attended the Quincy school. When he was quite young his father died, making it necessary for him to start out for him- self when a mere boy. This, however, taught him self reliance ; and, with that sense of responsibility which urges a young man to do his best, he went to work in faction of the city, and increasing in popularity yearly. He is a member of various social organizations, and takes an active part in all in which he is interested. He has, for a number of years, been secretary of the Review club, is a member and has been through the chairs in the Knights of Honor, Royal Arcanum and A. O. U. W. His interest in all matters concerning the welfare of Chelsea has ever been noticeable. Thomas Bell Frost. The city treasurer and collector of taxes r' *^T5 ^ «SR»V 1 \ GEORGE B. GURNEY, CITY CLERK. the cotton business, in which he rose from the bottom round of the ladder. He re- moved to Chelsea in 1859 and has ever since been an adopted resident of the city. He served in the common council in 1 88 1 -8 2, and the latter year was appointed assistant city clerk under Samuel Bassett, then in feeble health. After having practically assumed the entire duties of the position for two years, in 1884 he was elected city clerk, being regularly re-elected every succeeding year to the present time, and filling the ardu- ous duties of the office to the entire satis- THOMAS BELL FROST, CITY TREASURER. of Chelsea, Thomas Bell Frost, has filled that office continuously since October 7, 1886. He was born in Newcastle, N. H., February 23, 1845. He attended school at Durham academy, and later the Chandler Scientific school of Dartmouth college. His father being dead, he was unable to complete his college course. Leaving college, he taught school for two years in his native town, during which time he had a larger number of pupils than has since been under the charge of a single teacher there. Later he removed to Portland, Me., and engaged in business 5 2 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED requiring him for seven years to travel throughout Maine and New Hampshire. He came to Chelsea in 1873, and for seven years thereafter was in charge of the books of a large wholesale jewelry house in Boston. Later, he was account- ant for the Ashcroft Manufacturing Co., and for the Boston Electric Co. In 1881 he became head bookkeeper of the Inter- national Trust Co., and was the first to adapt the books of the international banking system to the business of trust companies. Beside his bank work, he did much outside as expert accountant. His election to his present office, suc- ceeding the late Mr. Holloway, gave him excellent opportunity to demonstrate his profession, and his books and accounts are so kept that any question pertaining to his office may be answered while the inquirer is at the tele- phone. In the first iew years of his in- cumbency he had to cope with several serious financial ques- tions, known only to but few, all of which have terminated to the city's credit. The entire indebtedness of the city has been refunded by him at a low rate, and the credit of Chelsea is first-class. Outside the arduous duties of his office, Mr. Frost has handled the settlement of a large Boston estate, acting without council in opposition to a leading law firm, with success for those by whom he was em- ployed. He is a royal arch Mason, mem- ber of several insurance orders, board of trade and Review club. He is prominent in church work, and was for several years superintendent of the Sunday school in the Central Cong, church, and the leader of the Young People'^ association, which afterwards merged into the Y. P. S. C. E. Kimball Easterbrook. KIMBALL EASTERBROOK, City Auditor. By virtue of his having held the office of city auditor since January 1, 1880, Kimball Easterbrook is noted for being the longest in office of Chelsea public officials. He was born in Evans county, near Buffalo, New York, and married and settled in Chelsea in 1859. He enlisted in company G, Fortieth Mass. infantry, and was mustered into service September 5, 1862. His term of enlistment was three years and he saw continued active service. October 21, 1863, he was ap- pointed quartermas- ter sergeant, the fol- lowing December re- ceiving a discharge to be promoted and commissioned first lieutenant, and No- vember, 16, 1864, was made regimental quartermaster. Elect- ed city auditor of Chelsea January 1, 1880, his efficiency in filling the intricate duties of his office has won him a re-election every succeeding year. He is a mem- ber of Theodore Winthrop post, ( '.. A. K... Mystic lodge, I. O. O. F., Knights of Honor, Review club and Chelsea Board of trade. George M. Stearns. George Myron Stearns is a member of the Suffolk bar and is city solicitor of Chelsea. He was born in Spencer, this state, April 27, 1856, and is the son of [saac N. and Mary (Wood ) Stearns. His direct ancestors came from England and members of the family were among the early settlers of Watertown. Mr. Stearns began his education in the public schools, later attending Wilbraham academy, and fitted for the legal profession at the law school of Boston university, from which CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 53 institution he graduated with the class of 1879. He was admitted to the bar in the following year and has since had his office in Boston. In Chelsea, where he makes his residence, he is prominent in municipal affairs and in every possible way shows his interest in and regard for his adopted city. He was elected to the common council for the years 1887-8, and in 1892-3-4 was a member of the Board of aldermen, acting as chairman the last year. His c o m m i t tee appoint- ments were : finance, or- dinances, claims, a n d accounts. Mr. Stearns is an ardent r epu blican when it comes to questions of party, a n d has served on the ward, city and county com- mittees. He is a Mason and a past chance llor command e r in the Pyth- ian brother- hood. H i s religious s y m p athies are most strongly with the Unitarians and he takes a deep interest in the welfare of the denominational movement in Chelsea, being clerk of the First Unitarian society and a member of the standing committee. February 14, 1882, he was married to Miss Idella E. Wilkinson and he has two children. As legal adviser to the city of Chelsea, Mr. Stearns is constantly dealing with the many peculiar problems which are almost constantly arising to trouble and perplex. His opinions have carried the greatest weight, and when put to the test, have been shown to be practical and judicial. His private practice is large and of a most desirable nature. With inherent capacity for winning honors to himself in any one of various lines of effort to which he might apply himself, Mr. Stearns made no mistake in devoting his energy to the law, for he has shown that he is the happy pos- sessor of the tact and dis- criminat i o n so essential to a success- ful career at the bar. Walter Bachelder. GEORGE M. STEARNS, CITY SOLICITOR. The inspect- or of build- ings and superintend- ent of public buildings has been a resi- dent of Chel- sea for nearly thirty -one year s. He was born in G ardner, Me., fifty years ago and was educated in the public school there. When twenty- one years of age he came to Chelsea and has since resided and done business here. For several years he was engaged in the con- tracting and building business, his opera- tions and reputation extending not a little out of the city limits. Three years ago he was appointed to his present office by Hon. J. C. Loud, and subsequently was re-appointed by both mayors Pratt and Littlefield. His office is a respon- sible one, it being his duty to superintend 54 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED the construction of all new public build- ings and the repairs of all others, his office entailing entire responsibility for maintaining public property in good repair. As inspector of buildings it is his duty to inspect all building within the cit) limits, issuing all permits for the construction of the same and condemning H. A. Spencer. WALTER BACHELDER, Ins. AND Supt. Bu.ldings. when he finds necessary. That he is well capable of dispatching the responsible duty is well known, he being thoroughly conversant with safe building require- ments. At the Dwight school, Boston, he fitted up the first room and was the first instructor of the practical use of carpenter's tools to boys, which was the starting point of the present industrial school system. He taught in this branch later, three evenings a week at Roxbury evening school and two afternoons a week at Hyde Park. He is well up in ( )dd Fel- lowship and a member of the scarlet lodge, encampment and Canton. He is also a member of the N. E. order of Protection. Since casting his first vote in the old school house in Winnisimmet square, on site of which is now laid the Chelsea Police Courts building. Mr. Bach elder has never missed an election. The chief engineer of the Chelsea fire department was born in Maine, but has lived in Chelsea since he was six years of age. He was educated in the local public schools, and at fifteen enlisted in the navy, serving in the late war. For over thirty years he has been a member of the fire department, being for twenty years con- nected with the hook and ladder company, nine years of which he was foreman. He served three years on the board of engi- neers, and was made chief in 1889, which position he has ever since filled with marked efficiency. Since he was made chief, there has never been a year when losses by fire in this city have aggregated 850,000, the lowest total losses in any H. A. SPENCER, Chief Fire Dept. year having been Si 0,000. Chief Spencer is highly popular in the fire department, which is more or less composed of call firemen. He is a member of Theodore Winthrop post, ( i. A. R., Union Veterans' Union, Star of Bethlehem lodge and is a Knight Templar Mason. He is one of the most popular officials. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 55 Colman Tilden. The city messenger of Chelsea was born in Scitnate, Mass., in 1S40, and when eight years of age his parents removed to Chelsea, where he has ever since resided. After being educated in the local public schools, he worked at the mason's trade, first as an apprentice, later as a journey- man, remaining in the service of his first employer ten years and that of his second employer, twenty-seven years. He served in the late war, enlisting for nine months in company H., 43rd Mass. volunteers, serving nearly a year with credit to himself. He is a member of the Theodore Win- throp post, G. A. R., and on the breaking out of the war was a m ember of Hose company No. 1 , Chel- sea fire department. For twenty consecu- tive years, most of which time he was warden, he served as precinct officer in Ward 1. He was elected city messen- ger by the board of aldermen, May 1, 1893, to fill a vacancy caused by the death of the former messenger, Charles Howard, and has been re-elected to that office by unani- mous vote, every succeeding year. That he despatches the duties of his office with marked efficiency, is a fact as well known as is his popularity in the city govern- ment, in this and former years. COLMAN TILDEN, Photo by Purdy. Hon. William E. Barrett. The first election of a young man to the lower branch of the Massachusetts legislature from the Town of Melrose, began one of the most interesting politi- cal careers in the history of the state. The young man from Melrose was William E. Barrett, and his primary election was in the year 1887. They who kept close watch upon the proceedings of the ensu- ing session realized that Mr. Barrett would be heard from later. He took a most intelligent and clear-cut position upon matters at debate, and was returned the following year and chosen speaker of the house, an honor, indeed, to so young a man, with but one year's experience with actual legislation at Beacon hill. How- ever, he was not a stranger in the domain of politics. Coming fresh from active journalistic work, he had an extensive acquaintance with men and methods, gathered both in the home and more re- mote fields. Mr. Bar- rett is essentially a man of greater Bos- ton, although part of his youth and young manhood was spent elsewhere. He was born in Melrose, Dec. 29, 1858, the son of Augustus and Sarah (Emerson) Barrett. He began his educa- tion in the schools of his native town, continuing his studies at the high school at Claremont, N. H., at which place his father was engaged in busi- ness. He graduated from Dartmouth col- lege with the class of 1880, having in mind a newspaper career. His first connection was with the Mes- senger, of St. Albans, Vt. He remained with the Messenger for two years, doing general work. In 1882 he removed to Boston and secured a position on the Daily Advertiser. His labors were suc- cessful from the very first, a notable incident being his reports of the bitter campaign in Maine of the fall of 1882. Soon after he was promoted to Washing- ton correspondent of the Advertiser, becoming one of the best-known and influential men among the selected corps CITY MESSENGER. 56 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED who represent the great publications in Washington. In the presidential canvass of 1884, resulting in the election of Presi- dent Cleveland, Mr. Barrett made a tour of the doubtful states, and his letters printed at the time formed a valuable contribution to the political information Evening Record, so well known and pop- ular among New England readers. Mr. Barrett was successively chosen speaker of the house from 1888 through the ses- sion of 1893. While serving as a member of the house he was invited by the legis- lature to deliver a eulogv on the late HON. WILLIAM E. BARRETT, CONGRESSMAN 7TH DISTRICT. of the day, being thoroughly unbiased, careful and accurate. In 1886 he was recalled from Washington to become managing editor of the Advertiser, and later, as now, publisher and leading pro- prietor, afterwards treasurer of the corpo- ration. He is also publisher of the Boston James (i. Blaine. Me responded with one of the finest eulogies ever presented. His election each year was by the vote of both parties. Through these several years in the chair, Mr. Barrett made a notable record as a presiding officer upon all occasions, however trying, and, to the CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 57 fullest extent, had the confidence and respect of all with whom he had to do in his official position. The matters of legislation considered and acted upon during Mr. Barrett's incumbency of the speakership form no small part of the recent epochs in Bay state lawmaking. A special election became necessary in the spring of 1S93 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of congressman Henry Cabot Lodge, then elected a member of the United States senate. Mr. Barrett was the republican nominee at this election, but, owing to elements of disaffection in his own party who carried to the ballot box the memories of a sharp struggle for the nomination, he was de- feated by Dr. William Everett of Quincy, by thirty-one votes. The will of the republicans of the seventh district was unmistakably for Mr. Barrett as the party candidate at the regular election in November, 1894, and he was chosen a member of the fifty-fourth congress by a vote of 16,383 to 9,699 for S. K. Hamil- ton of Wakefield, democrat, and was re-elected two years later to the fifty-fifth congress, receiving 22,759 votes to 10,609 for Philip J. Doherty of Boston, his demo- cratic opponent. The seventh district comprises a section of the state having immense manufacturing interests, compris- ing as it does the cities of Lynn, Chelsea, Maiden, Everett, and wards 4 and 5, Boston, besides the towns of Nahant, Saugus, Melrose, Stoneham, Wakefield and Revere. Of these diversified interests, congressman Barrett has been a conscien- tious and untiring exponent, holding views in accord with the republican majority upon the leading questions of the day. He has been active in naval matters which have been brought to the consider- ation of congress. Being the only New England member of the river and harbor committee, the recent appropriation of $2,500,000 granted by congress for the improvement of Boston harbor was se- cured through his efforts — a work fully appreciated. Regarding the new large dry dock for the navy yard, he served as chairman of the Massachusetts delegation whose united efforts resulted in obtaining the recent appropriation for this com- mendable object, having a particular interest in this field in view of the loca- tion of one of the leading navy yards of the country in his district. Another not- able feature of his career in Washington was his pressing to passage a resolution of censure upon ambassador Bayard for certain public remarks made in his official capacity in Great Britain. Mr. Barrett's recent announcement of his retirement from congress at the expiration of his present term, was received with regret throughout his entire constituency and by hosts of others who have watched his doings at Washington with approbation. He has always made a particularly strong run in Chelsea and his interest in the welfare of this city has been broad and sincere. His success in public life has been remarkable and his record would indicate that he were deserving of still higher honors. Mr. Barrett has numerous business connections aside from his news- papers and is a member of various social and fraternal organizations, including the Masons. In March, 1887, he was married to Annie L. Bailey of Claremont, N. H. He resides at Melrose. Alfred W. Brown. In the capacity of secretary of the Chelsea Board of trade the past three years, Mr. Brown has been a tireless worker for the interests of the city. In December, 1S97, he was nominated by President McKinley as assistant appraiser of merchandise for the Port of Boston and Charlestown, and his appointment was promptly confirmed by the senate. That he has already proven himself fully capable of the exacting duties of that office, goes without saying, in view of his extended and thorough business training. When a young man, he entered the counting room of one of the largest cloth- ing concerns in Boston, rising to a posi- tion of the highest trust with this house, his connection with which covered a period of twenty-two years. He has been active in politics as a Republican, and for six years was secretary of the city committee, and since April, 1893, he has been chairman of the Seventh Congres- 5§ CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED sional District Republican committee. He has the confidence and esteem of leading public men in the state to a flat- tering extent. He has held elective office in the city government and was president of the common council in 1890- 1-2. His name has been repeatedly mentioned in connection with mayoralty honors and his nomination to that office by both parties seemed assured in 1895, but he declined, by reason of numerous and pressing business en- gag ements. He is now serving as a member of the board of park c o m - m i s s i oners and is secre- tary of the frost hospi- tal. He is conne cted with Robert Lash lodge, 1". & A. M.. T h e o d o re W i n t h r o p camp, S. of V., Powhatan Tribe of Red .Men, Review c 1 u b, Alter Ego cluband several other social and fraternal or- ga mzations. Mr. Brown is a native of the town of Hingham, Mass., and was born in 1857. 1 lis parents removed to East Boston when he was quite young, and he received his education in the boston public schools, graduating from the English High school class of 1874, with honor, being the recipi- ent of three Lawrence prizes. Mr. Brown is now on his fourteenth year of residence in Chelsea, and he yields to none in his loyalty to the city and its many interests. ALFRED W. SECRETARY CHELSEA Frederick L. Cutting. Among the prominent men of Chelsea holding offices within the gift of the state, is Frederick L. Cutting, insurance com- missioner of Massachusetts, who since 1850 has been a resident of this city. He was born in the North end of Hoston, August 14, 1842, his father being Henry Cutting of the firm of Cutting & Kendall. w e 1 1- known ship chand- lers at that time, whose place of business was at the corner of Hanover and C o m - m e r c i a 1 streets. The subject of this sketch attended the Elliot school in Host o n , and w h e n eight years old his par- ents remov- ed to Chel- sea, where he attended the high and g r a m m a r schools. In 1862, on his t w e n t i et h birthday, he enlisted i n company (i. 40th Massa- brown, ^ BOARD OF TRADE. ClUlSCttS VOb lunteers for a three years' service in the war of the rebellion. His regiment was known as Dalton's boot cavalry, his principal offic- ers being Col. Guy V. Henry and Lieut. Col. Joseph A. Dalton, father of the present adjutant general. Mr. Cutting participated in many of the principal engagements of the late war, among which were the siege of Suffolk, Morris Island, S. C, Florida (as mounted infantry), CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 59 Battle of Olustee, Fla., front of Peters- burg, Va., Cold Harbor, Ya., etc. After the fall of Richmond he was clerk for Col. Albert Ordway, provost marshall, whose headquarters were at Libby prison. He was detailed later to the post office at Richmond, by Gen. Grant, and as Gen. Sharpe, the postmaster there at the time, desired him to return to the position after his term of enlistment had expired, he did so, and held the same several m onths. After return- ing to his h o m e i n Chelsea, he was appoint- ed clerk in the office of the Surgeon General, William J. Dale, which he filled un- til accepting a position in the insurance d e partment of the state, offered him by Hon. Julius L . Clarke, then insurance c ommission- er. It was t w ent y-six years ago that he was offered that post without any solicita- Photo b >' P"rdy. tion on his part, and during that time, in filling the various positions in the depart- ment from clerk to insurance commis- sioner, a position in which he succeeded Major George S. Merrill, by his appoint- ment to that office by Governor Wolcott, October i, 1897, he has served the state efficiently and well. Mr. Cutting is a charter member of Theodore Winthrop post, G. A. R., of Chelsea, and for a full FREDERICK CE COMMISSION quarter of a century has been an officer in the Star of Bethlehem lodge, F. & A. M.. filling all the offices, elective and appointive. He is also a member of Shekinah chapter, R. A. M., in which he held the office of royal arch captain for a period of twelve years. He has ever taken his full part in promoting the inter- est of his adopted city, and is one of its valued as well as prominent citizens. William C. Cutler, M.D. In several widely differ- ing fields of thought and action, Dr. Cutler has scored not- able success- es. He is, beyond any doubt, the leading phy- sician and surgeon of the city and is a familiar figure in the homes a n d public places. The earlier mem- bers of the Cutler family resident i n this country came from England in 1675 and settled near Boston. Dr. Cutler is a lineal descendant of the famous Manasseh Cutler, I.L.D., D.D., one of the original members of the band of energetic and fearless pioneers who played so important a part in the development of the Western Reserve ter- ritory by means of companies in the latter part of the eighteenth century. More recently, his grandfather, Hon. Elihu Cutler, represented the town of Holliston CUTTING, OF MASSACHUSETTS. 6o CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED in both branches of the legislature and was a member of the constitutional con- vention of the early 20s. His father, Simeon N. Cutler, was a successful manu- facturer and public man in the same vicinity. The subject of this sketch was born in Holliston, May 17, 1837, studied at the Ashland high school and Mt. Hollis seminary, Holliston, and graduated from the Laight Street Medical college, New- York, in 1859, and in the following year estab- lished him- self at Upton. He has re- sided in Chelsea since 1866. He has been a member o f the state board of registration in medicine since its es- tablishme n t, and is con- nected with the American Institute of Homeopathy and with the M a ssac hu- setts and Boston Homeopathy Medical so- cieties. Dr. Cutler h a s ever been alive to the wonderful progress of medical science and was the first physician in this part of the country to import and use antitoxine for diphtheria ; and was the first in Chel- sea in the practice of incubation for the cure of membraneous or diphtheritic croup. In 1871, in the height of the smallpox epidemic, he became particu- larly interested in the preparation of bovine vaccine ; and, as the New England Vaccine company, his labors have become I'll >to by I'ui'lv. WILLIAM C. CUTLER, M. D. known throughout the civilized world. For several years he has been known as the largest patron of the Chelsea post office. Gifted with marked business talent, Dr. Cutler has been called to the directorate of the Winnisimmet National bank ; and he is one of the trustees of the County Savings bank. He is an ex- president of the Review club, in the organizing of which he was active, and is a thirty- second d e - gree Mason. He has al- ways been a democrat in his political sympathies, but has never accepted public office. He is the owner of a fruit planta- tion and a starch fac- tory at Cut- ler, Florida, which place was named for him, and is the most southern post office in the United States. Dr. Cutler is vice-presi- dent of the m e d i c a 1 board of the Rufus S.Frost General hos- pital of Chelsea, where for some years he has also been consulting surgeon. In the many families where Dr. Cutler's name has become a household word, his skill and kindness of heart have earned reward beyond power of payment, and his good deeds without number will be cause for sincere gratitude. His service on the state board of registration in medicine has gained him a wide acquaintance among the physicians of the commonwealth. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 61 William Edward McClintock. This well-known resident is one of the best-known civil engineers of the com- monwealth, and a member of the state highway commission. He was born in Hallowell, Me., July 29, 1S4S, a son of Captain John and Mary Bailey (Shaw) McClintock. He is of Scotch-Irish de- scent on the paternal side and is descend - e d from William Mc- Clintock, one of the d e - fenders of the Siege of Lon- donderry in 1689, and who came to this country, sett ling in Medford, in 1 730. He is also de- scended from John Bailey, the early Puritan d i - vine. The subject of this sketch gained his early educa- tion at the public schools of his native town and later attended the Hallowell academy for four years, concl uding with a year at Readville, Me. WILLIAM EDWARD McCLINTOCK. Kent's Hill seminary, While a student, he taught school one term. Following his school course, he took up the study of civil engineering, inheriting a taste and talent for the work from his grandfather. His father was a well-known navigator, familiar with every sea, who crossed the Pacific with but a watch for a chronome- ter and a school atlas for a chart. His son first engaged in his life's calling in connection with the U. S. Coast survey, in which department he was engaged eight years, his duties making him fami- liar with the entire Atlantic coast from Maine to Louisiana. In 1876-9 he was employed in the survey of the city of Portland, in 1877-9 m tnat °f Boston harbor and a relocation of the survey of the B. & M. R. R. and all its branches in Massachusetts. He was made city engi- neer of Chel- sea in 1S80 and served ten years in that capacity. H i s special engineering works have included sur- veys for the South Pass jetties at the mouth of the M ississippi river; surveys for the im- provement of the harbors of Boston, New York, and Portland, Me. ; and of S a c o river, Me.; Savan- nah river, Ga. ; Pamlico river, N.C. ; S t . Mary's, Nassau a n d St. John's rivers, Fla. ; and munici- pal sewerage systems in this state, of Chelsea, Revere, Gardner, W'estfield, Easthampton, Ando- ver, Lenox, Lexington and Natick, ; Exeter, N. H. ; Bennington, Vt. ; Bath and Calais, Me. ; and St. Stephen and Milltown in New Brunswick. He has served as consulting engineer on sewer and water works at Holyoke, Spencer, North Brookfield, North Attleboro and several other smaller towns in and outside this state. Since 1892, when appointed CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED by liovernor Russell, he has served con- tinuously as a member of the state high- way commission, being re-appointed by all succeeding governors. He has ever identified himself with the good roads movement, and written several articles and made addresses on modern road con- struction in nearly every city and large town in this commonwealth. He was the first president of the Massachusetts High- way associa- tion, and since 1893 has been in- structor of highway en- gineering at the Lawrence Sc i e n t ific school at Harvard un- iversity. He is a member of the Amer- ican Society of Civil en- gineers, the Boston Soci- ety of Civil engine ers, and was once its president. I [e is a mem- ber of the L. A. W. and chairman of the good roads com- mittee, Mass. division, and enrolled in the member- ship of the Review club, Robert Lash lodge and Shekinah chapter, F. & A. M. He is an active member and for several years was treasurer of The Church of the Redeemer. He resides on Crescent avenue and was married June 17, 1873, to Mary Estelle Currier., of Portland, Me. He has five children : William, James, Francis Blake, Samuel Paul and Dorothy McClintock. He is very highly esteemed in the com- munity. Hon. Ernest W. Roberts. HON. ERNEST W. ROBERTS, SENATOR 1ST DISTRICT. The present state senator of this, the first Suffolk district of Massachusetts, has been twice honored with a seat in the upper branch of the state legislature, serv- ing his constituency with great accepta- bility. However, these were not his initial years in legislative matters, having previously been a member of the house of representa- tives and of the Chelsea Com m o n council. In these various bodies he w a s placed upon impor- tant commit- tees and was a tireless worker. He is a native of East Madi- son, Maine, born Nov. 2 2, 1858, son of Orin P. and Eliza ( Dean ) Roberts. When he was six years old, h i s parents removed t o ( 'harlestown, and in t h e f o 1 lowing year to Chel- sea, in which city he has since resid- ed. His pub- lic school education was supplemented by study at the Highland Military academy, Worcester, where he graduated in June, 1.S77. He began his legal studies shortly after, his time being divided between the Boston University Law school and the office of Hon. Ira T. Drew, ex-district attorney of York county, Me. Immedi- ately upon his graduation from the law- school in June, 1881, Mr. Roberts was admitted to the Suffolk bar and has had CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 63 his office in Boston ever since, although his practice has called him to remote portions of this country, and, on one occa- sion, to Europe, where he has spent varying lengths of time. He has been interested in political matters from an early age and has always acted with the Republican party. For some time he was secretary of the Republican city committee and is a member o f the Repub- lican club of Massachu- setts. Mr. Roberts finds time for so- cial matters and takes an active a n d deep interest in the Ma- sonic craft, being con- nected with Star of Beth- lehem lodge, Shekinah chapter, N a p t h a 1 i council and Palestine c o m m and- e r y , all of Chelsea, and in these bod- ies he has held various offices. He is also a member o f the Review, Alter Ego and Middle- sex clubs. Mr. Roberts has twice been married, the first time to Nella L. Allen, at Albany, N. Y., November 13, 1881, the second time to Sara M. Weeks, at St. Albans, Vt., February 2, 1898. The votes which Mr. Roberts has received at his various candidacies have been most flattering, and it is safely within the limits of those things almost certain to say that the hosts of friends and acquaintances familiar with his ability will not willingly desist from connecting his name with higher honors than those which have already been bestowed upon him. Melvin L. Breath. REPRESENTATIVE MELVIN L. BREATH One of the representatives to the state legislature from this city is Melvin L. Breath, who is now serving h i s first year in the house. He was born in N e w Orleans in 1 8 5 8 , his w i d o w e d mother mov- ing to Chel- sea when he was ten years of age. He was therefore educated mostly in the local public schools. As a boy he was honest a n d industrious, and by hard work, strict economy and self denial he was enabled to start in the produce and baking business a t the age of twenty-two, and although he began in a small way, he has ever been successful, and built up a steadily increasing trade. For some years he has been engaged in the grocery and provision business, with a large and well-patronized store at the corner of Spencer avenue and Vernon street. Being a taxpayer in Chelsea, he became interested in the handling of city 6 4 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED affairs, and in 1SS9 was a successful can- didate to the common council, serving with credit to himself in the lower branch of the city government. For several years he has been connected with the demo- cratic ward and city committee. As he became elected to the legislature in this city last year, his strength as a candidate was significantly demonstrated. Mr. Breath is an active legislator. He is president of the So- tura club, one of the influential social or- ganizations of Chel- sea, and resides on Central avenue. Scott F. Bickford. In 1897, Mr. Bickford served his second term as a member of the state legislature, a por- tion of Chelsea be- ing included in his district. His votes have been very flat- tering, particularly in Revere, where he makes his resi- dence. He has an extensive acquaint- ance with leading politicians through- out the state and is one of the most influential of the younger republi- cans now in public life. He is a native of Newbury port, where he graduat- ed from the public schools. lie began business life as Station agent and telegraph operator for the Boston & Maine road at Revere. He was afterwards employed by Irving A. Evans & Co., later entering the firm of Cox, Bickford & Co., ami is now senior partner of the firm of Bickford, Speare & Co. His house is largely inter- ested in the affairs of the Boston & Carolina Copper Mining company, whose property is located in Granville and Per- son counties, North Carolina, the heart of a great copper belt. The acreage aggre- gates 1,254, covers two and one-half miles in length, at an elevation of about 1,000 feet. The railroad facilities have been recently greatly improved, giving an immense impetus to the development of the natural richness of the region. Four mines, the Blue W i n g, the Key- stone, the Pocahon- tas and the Gillis, comprising the property, have been carefully examined by such mineralo- gists as J. H. Sus- mann and J. A. Holmes, and each speaks in the most laudatory terms as to the wealth of the vein. Mr. Sus- mann, who is min- ing engineer for the Canadian Pacific railway, concludes his report by say- ing : " I feel justi- fied in recommend- ing the expenditure of capital to thor- oughly develop the properties in ques- tion by sinking and drifting, and believe that if it be judi- ciously applied, there is a good promise of profit for the money in- vested." On State street, the financial centre of New England, Mr. Bickford is known as a persevering and energetic busi- ness man. He is a director of the Win- nisimmet National bank and of the Pioneer Cold Mining Co. of California. He is a thirty-second degree Mason and a shriner, also a member of the Royal Arcanum, ( >dd "Fellows, Golden Cross, Pilgrim Fathers, Sons of the American Revolution, Societ) of Colonial Wars and of the Review club. REPRESENTATIVE SCOTT F. BICKFORD. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 65 The Late Simeon Butterfield. Simeon Butterfield, Senior, father of the well-known historian of Chelsea, was born in Cornish, N. H., Jan. 24, 1798. When a young man he removed to Bos- ton and engaged in business on Long wharf in 1830. On June 1st, 1S34, he purchased a residence in Chelsea, then called Winnisimmet village, a small ham- let of about ten families. T h e ferry c o m p a n y h a d previ- ously pur- c h a sed the farms in the village, put on larger s t e amboats to conve y p a ssengers, and laid out and graded streets. He was one of the first to join w i t h others who d e s i red to form socie- ties fur the improve- m ent a n d attraction of the growing village. W hen the G a r d e n cemetery w a s organ- ized, he was its president for a number of years. The Winnisimmet Benevolent society and Chelsea institution for savings were or- iginated with other projects. One was the building of the First Baptist church. Previous to this religious services were held in private houses. He was one of a special committee to furnish the Park Street School house with school furniture, and that committee invented the desks and seats of the modern school house now -.:,• LATE SIMEON BUTTERFIELD. in general use. In 1842, when the anti- slavery feeling began to develop, a caucus was called to form the " Liberty Barty." Simeon Butterfield was nominated as can- didate for representative. He received fourteen votes and from this small begin- ning arose the party that controlled the town and helped elect Abraham Lincoln president. He was past worthy patri- arch of the Samaritan encampment ; also past noble grand of the M y s t i c lodge of Odd Fel- lows, w h e n it met in Slade's hall, where is now the north parkway in W i n n isim- met square. He was ac- t i v e in all town affairs, and interest- e d in all m o v ements for its bene- fit and wel- fare. His death, in 1850, de- prived Chel- sea of a val- ued citizen. After the city ha d improv ed Union park, the circle of trees at the head of the paths around the Soldiers' monument were dedicated to the memory of some of the early residents of the vil- lage. One was dedicated to his memory, a pleasant tribute to some of the pioneers of the village, now enlarged to a prosper- ous city. Simeon Butterfield. This well known citizen who succeeds 66 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Hon. Mellen Chamberlain as the author- ized historian of Chelsea is now engaged in writing the history of this locality from [825 to the present time, the material comprising the first two hundred years of the history of Chelsea having been writ- ten by fudge Chamberlain who some time since turned the papers and work over to him for completion. Probably no citizen is more familiar with the growth of Chel- sea and facts c o m prising its his t o r y for the past forty years t haii Mr. Bu tterfield, and certain- ly there are none more fitted for the a r d u u s task. Mr. Bu t terfield was born in Host on in 1828, his parents r e - m o v ing to Chelsea in 1834. Chel- sea was at that time called YVin- nisi m m et village. His fa t h e r , of w h m a portrait and sketch a p - pear, was one of the fore m s t men of the town and Ids ancestry dates back to the early Colonial period. The son received his education in the Boston public schools and afterwards gradu- ated at Chauncy-Hall school, finishing his education at the academy at New Hampton, N. H. lie commenced busi- ness life in his father's store on lou- wharf and was associated with him in the wholesale oil business until his death in 1850, when he succeeded him and con- SIMEON BUTTERFIELD ducted the concern for the next twelve years. Later entering the Boston Custom house, he held office under the govern- ment until 1878, when he retired from active business having secured a com- petency. Since, and even before he obtained his majority, he has been active in the affairs of the city. He has served in the city government four years, two years in each branch, as follows: 1869- 70 in the c o m m o n council and 1 8 7 1 - 2 in the board of a 1 d ermen. He also served as a member o f the state 1 e gislature m 1884-5-6, a n d h a s t a k en his full part in p u b 1 i c af- fairs. H i s con nection with politics and identifi- cation with the Repub- 1 i c an party date b a c k many years, h i s activity and interest in its success making him well known t h roughout the state. In 1S61-2 he was a member of the Republican State Central committee, and in October. [866, he presided at a memorable Republican rally held at the Academy of Music. He also served on the ward and city com- mittees as chairman of both, and for many years was chairman of the Fifth Congressional District committee. Mr. Butterfield when in public life did much for the benefit of Chelsea and its institutions, as well as looking closely CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 67 after the interests of his constituents. He has for several years been a member of the trustees of the Fitz Public library, and being an enthusiast on both local and American history his library is an extensive one. This he will doubtless turn over to the public library at some future time. He is a member of the various Masonic bodies, and is also enrolled in the membership of the Odd Fellows and the Chelsea Board of trade. Hon. Frank B. Fay. Frank B. Fay, w h o holds the distinct i o n of being the war Mayor of Chelsea, is a son of Col. Fay, first mayor of Chelsea, a n d w a s born in Southboro, January 24, 182 1 . When twelve years ■of age, in 1833, his fa m i 1 y re- in o v e d to Chelsea, then only a small village of fifty in- habitants. After receiving a common school training, Mr. Fay entered into business life, first as clerk, and later as partner in the house of Fay & Farwell, western produce commission merchants. AYhen a very young man he became a public spirited citizen of Chelsea. Al- though holding the office of mayor of -Chelsea for three years, 1861-2-3, much •of his time was spent at the front in the -* HON. FRANK B. FAY. relief service. In May, 1864, the U. S. Sanitary commission was established at his suggestion, and the Auxiliary Relief corps of which he was made chief. He resigned his position at the end of the year but remained an independent worker. He labored with untiring fidelity upon the battle-field, relieving and soothing the wounded ami dying soldiers. His name is associated with many of Chelsea's prom inent institutions, and he has h e 1 d many public posi- t i o n s of honor a n d trust. He was the first secretary of the Chelsea S a v i n g s bank, in 1854, and a member o f t h e school c o mmittee in 1856. In 1857 he was a p p o inted one of the overseers of the p oor, which office he no w holds. In that year also he was elected to t h e house of repre- sent atives. In 1867 he was elected to the senate where he served as chair- man of the committee on the education of deaf mutes. He was one of the trus- tees of the Massachusetts Soldiers' fund, and by his efforts three million dollars were distributed among Massachusetts soldiers and their families. In 1898 he delivered the first Decoration day address in Chelsea, at the dedication of the soldiers' monument. Mr. Fay has been 68 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED general adjutant of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to children since 1880. He has ever been interested in the humane care of children and is vice-president of the Children's home. He is chairman of the civil ser- vice commissioners of Chelsea, a member of the Masonic and Odd Fellows lodges, and an honorary member of the [St Mass. Regiment association and a companion of the Loyal Legion. Hon. John W.Fletcher. 'The honor of being the seventh c - cupant of the m a yoralty chair was conferred up- on John Ware F 1 e tcher, a native of \ o r r i d ge- wock, Maine, where he was born April 11, 1824. He was edu- cated in the town schools I a n d a t a n academy, his first business 1 onnei tion being in his native place in a country store. In [844 he be- gan the dry go o d s and carpet trade in Bangor, and for ten years following 1851 he was engaged in the hay, n and flour commission trade in Boston, now devoting himself to a general real estate and insurance business. I lur- ing his residence in Maine, Mr. Fletcher was active in military m itters, holding the rank of lieutenant in the state aitillery. In the war of the rebellion he served in the signal corps, as senior captain in the HON. JOHN W. FLETCHER. 36th United States colored troops, and was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 37th l\ S. C. T., but left the service before being commissioned. He is a member of the Grand Army and of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. He is also a Mason of high degree. He has served as president of the common council, as alderman, presi- dent of the water board for three years and representative to the general court for two terms. Mr. F 1 e t c h er's first election as executive of the City of Che 1 s e a was for the year 1 S 7 1 , after a s o m e w h a t e x c i t i n g c a m paign, his majority r e a c h i n g 517. During the years of his adminis- t r a t i o n , 1X7 1 -2, the %: . high school was built at a cost of $68,000, M a v or Fletcher and the building c o m m i ttee confounding the prophets w ho had placed their estimates much higher. Many important street improvements were carried to completion at this time. ( 'ther events remembered by those who can recall the events of nearly three decades ago were the assassi- nation of Officer Wilbur, dedication of the Central church, erection of the Park Street Engine house, dedication of the 1 ' Avenue baptist church and the great conflagration in Boston. Mayor CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 69 Fletcher's second election was without opposition. He was first married to Elizabeth D., daughter of William and Julia Hyde of Portland, Me., a second marriage being with Mary G., daughter of John and Phebe Brown of Chelsea. ord in- to the Jay Cook Smith. One who styles himself a plain, ary citizen, and is ever enjoying fullest extent the comforts of his family fires ide, is J ay Cook Smith, who has been a res i lent of Chelsea since 1874. He was born in Sandusk y, Ohio, J u n e 6, 1844, a son of the n o w late Hon. Geo. W. Smith, at one time m ayor of Sand usky, and who hell in succession nearly all the elective and appoin- tive offices w i t h i n the gift of that city and the con 11 ty sur- rounding i t. T h e subject of this sketch was one of a family of three boys. He obtained his education in the public schools of his native city, and graduating from the high school at the age of eighteen, enlisted in the serv- ice, remaining until the close of the war and retiring a first lieutenant. In this, he followed an older brother who left college and enlisted at the first call for volunteers, and served during the entire Photo by Purdy & C< JAY COOK SMITH. war. His other and younger brother enlisted later, when only seventeen years of age. He contracted small pox and died in the service. Jay C. Smith enlisted as a private in the One Hundred and First Ohio, and saw continuous activity throughout the entire war. He took part in the important battles and hundreds of skirmishes in which his regiment engaged on its way from Louisville to Atlanta, including the time when Gen. Bragg threatened to cross the O h i o river t o m o v e - ments of the '■Army of the C u m b e r - land," on its way to Rich- rn o n d ; a t Perry ville, Stone River, Chi cam au- ga, Atlanta, Franklin and N a s h v i lie. His promo- t ion was r a p i d after enli stment. Besides r e - tiring a first lieutenant, he served about a v e a r a s aide-de- camp on the staff of Gen. Cruft. Mr. Smith came to Boston Jan. 1 . 1 867, and engaged as book-keeper for John Marston & Co.. a wholesale fish concern on Commercial wharf, in whose office he remained for fifteen years. At the end of that time, in 1881, he engaged in the wholesale lob- ster business on Lewis wharf, removing to T wharf when the fish dealers adopted that location. Although an interested citizen of Chelsea, having resided here for a quarter of a century, the demands oi ?o CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Mr. Smith s business have been such that lie has been unable to devote any of his time to public affairs. He is a member of the G. A. R., first becoming enrolled in its membership in McMeans post, San- dusky. He has for some years been a member of Post 35 of Chelsea. He is a member of Chelsea Board of trade, a trustee of Chelsea Savings bank, and in politics a staunch Republican. He is deeply inter- ested in the p u b 1 i c schools, and two of his three sons have gradu- ated from them and now studying at Harvard college, with the third well on his wax- there. M r . Smith re- sides on Chestnut St r e e t, his help- me et 1) e i n g a Boston girl whose ances- try dates back to the early settlers of that city. He is a man f domestic tastes and possesses talent w i t h the brush, and is somewhat of a connoisseur of art, the proof of which is apparent in his 1 omfortable home. Justin S. Perkins. JUSTIN S. PERKINS. The largest hay and grain business in Chelsea or immediate vicinity is un- doubtedly that of Justin S. Perkins, whose wholesale and retail establishment is located near the Boston & Maine railroad station. He is a Maine man, born at South Dresden, Lincoln county, about fifty-three years ago, and comes of revo- lutionary ancestry, his grandfather, Robert Perkins, serving in the struggle for inde- pendence. The home farm at South I )res- den has remained in the family through the years of seven generations — back to the days of the great great grandfather of the subject of this sketch. In his boy- hood, school d a y s alter- nated w i t h times of labor on the farm. He came to Chelsea when twenty years old and fif- teen years ago b e g a n business for himself in a small way in h i s present line. Two carloads was at this stage of the busi- ness a large a m o init of goods to un- d e r take to handle. Some idea of t h e growth of patronage may lie ob- tained from the fact that an ave r a g e year's busi- ness will reach a point in excess of (50 cars. From the davs of the "small things," the enter- prise has never been other than a decided success, and in its present eminently satis- factory proportions it is safe to say that it is one of the largest of its kind in the entire state, outside of Boston. At the end of five years' business. Mr. Perkins had con- structed the immense storehouse con- nected with his store, a most substantial building and for which increasing de- CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 71 mands of trade has given ample warrant. His storeage room includes the hay house of the Boston & Maine railroad, of which repository Mr. Perkins has charge. The capacity of this storage place is twenty- five carloads of oats and hay. The close association with the Boston & Maine business guarantees the very best possible in the way of receiving and shipping facil- ities and a spur track, for the exclusive use of this plant has been constructed. Mr. Perkins is second to none of the reside nts. of the city in mat- ters of public spirit and local pride. Spurn- ing the counsel- ling of the pes- simist, in many w a y s he has exerted his strong interest in behalf of Chelsea and in the most sub- stantial w ays has shown his complete con- fidence in her future prosper- ity. He h a s attained to the knight tem- plar rank in Masonry, being a member o f Palestine com- mander}', and is con nected with the board of trade. HON. EUGENE F. ENDICOTT Hon. Eugene F. Endicott. Eugene F. Endicott, who enjoys the distinction of being the first native of Chelsea to occupy the mayor's chair, was born October 14, 184S. He is a descend- ant of the earliest Massachusetts settlers, and his ancestors served in the Revolu- tionary war. His official life began in 1880, when he was chosen to represent the upper ward in the city council for five consecutive years, the last three being its president. His thorough knowledge of municipal affairs, acquired by years of service in the city government, as well as his intelligence and high personal char- acter, were fitting requisites for the honors conferred upon him by his fellow citizens. In 1SS5 he was chosen for the mayor's chair. His far-sighted and dignified method of conducting the city's affairs was admired by all. He served two terms, and the result of his administration was seen in the vigorous growth of t h e city. The fire department was b r o u ght to a better condi- tion than for several years. The work of the water com- missioners had been most im- portant, and the results ob- tained affected Chelsea's citi- zens more fav- orably than any that had been brought about since the intro- duction of the Mystic water. Mr. Endicott has always been very much in- terested in ed- it c a t io nal af- fairs, and is chairman of the school board at the present time and a member of the school committee. Hon. A. D. Bosson. Although yet a young man, Albert D. Bosson, justice of the Police Court of Chelsea and formerly mayor of the city, is one of the foremost men in this locality. Born in Chelsea, November 8, 1853, he is descended from a long line of patriotic New England ancestry. His four great grandfathers served in the Revolution and 7 2 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED his grandfather, John D. Bosson, one of the early settlers of Winnisimmet village took an active part in the War of 1S12. The subject of this sketch is the son of George C. and Jennie (Hood) Bosson At the age of fifteen he graduated from the Chelsea high school and entered Phillips- Exeter academy. After gradu- ating therefrom he attended Drown uni- versity, from which lie graduated with honors in the class of 1875. Three years later he re- c e i ved the degree of master of aits fro m that univer- sity . He c o mmenced the study of 1 a w in the office of Brooks, Ball & Story, and soon a ft e r entered Bos- ton Univer- sity L a w school. After g r a d uating he was a d - mitted to the bar, Febru- ary IN. [878, and immed- iately com- mencing the pra ctice of his chosen ]> r o f ession, w a s fortun- ately successful in a short time. HON. A. D. BOSSON in gaming a reputation I P has for Mime years been counted among the more talented members of the Suffolk County bar. I [e first had offices with Charles E. Grinnell, the able author of several legal textbooks, in the preparation of which, including the editorial work, as well as in that of the '•American Law Review," Mr. Bosson assisted. Like most lawyers, Judge Bos took part in politics early in life. becoming a member of the Republican Ward and City committees in 1882. In the first Cleveland campaign he became an independent Republican and one of the delegates at the national convention nominating Cleveland. He is an advo- cate of sound money and is a man loyal to his friends, and possesses the full strength of his convictions. Nominated for mayor of Chelsea in 1890, from the result of the subs equent election h e passes down in history as the 1 )emo- cratic mayor of the city. I lis adminis- tration was marked with efhci e n c y , m a n y i m - p o r t a n t m ensures being adopt- ed and im- p r o vements wrought. He handled the f i nances ably, and in d e m a nding and securing a strict en- forcement of the 1 i 1 1 u o r 1 a w , estab- lished a pre- cedent which e n con raged the city to repeat t h e no-license vote in the succeeding elec- tions. He advocated and was instru- mental in securing the abolishment of grade crossings between Chelsea and Charlestown, the city bearing but a small portion of the expense. He was the first to recommend the improvement of Win- nisimmet square. He was a strong ad- vocate of the Metropolitan Park system, appearing before the legislative committee as an advocate of the establishment of the CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 73 park commission. He strongly urged the taking of Revere Beach reservation, now such a desirable portion of the system, judge Bosson is the trustee of several large estates and is prominent in financial circles. He was one of the organizers of the Provident Co-operative bank and took an active part in the founding of the Win- nisimmet National bank of which he is vice-president. He was also one of the founders, and since its fo undation, president of the County Savings bank, which insti tution h as ever since its es- t a blishment a remarkably p r o s perous exis tence. He is presi- dent of the Gloucester & Rockport Street R. R. Co., an d holds other positions o f honor and trust. He is senior w a r den of St. Luke's church and one of the coun c i 1 of t h e Massa- chusetts E p i s c o pal club. He is a member of the Review club, the University club of Boston, the Massa- chusetts Reform club, New England His- toric Genealogical societv. In 1SS7 he was united in marriage with Miss Alice Lavinia Campbell, daughter of Hon. C. A. Campbell, and has two children, Camp- bell Bosson, born November i S, 1888, and Pauline Arlaud Bosson, born February 24, 1894. He resides on Washington avenue and is a familiar figure in social circles. The Late J. A. McCann. THE LATE JAMES A. McCANN. The late James A. McCann was born in Boston, but was a life-long resident of Chelsea, coming here with his parents when but one year old and remaining till his death, which occurred December 1 7, 1 89 1. The loss which the city sustained by reason of his untimely demise at the age of 39, has been acutely felt during the i n t ervening years. One of the lead- ers in every worthy e n - terprise and occasion f public spirit, h e was re- in o v e ( 1 in the fullest period of his success and i nf luenc e. He began h i s school life in the public insti- tutions of Chelsea, graduat i ng later from St. John's col lege, Ford ha m , N. Y. H e engaged in the real es- tate business in 1S73. His activity and energy m e t with remark- able success from the first. As a builder Mr. McCann was an expert, bold and aggressive, always relying upon his own genius : in truth, he was always far in advance of that conservatism which holds the pent up energy of willing enterprise in check : his indomitable will and de- sire for progression, together with his fine knowledge of his chosen profession, his sound judgment and executive ability, made him a valuable allv to organizations 74 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED r of large financial liability. He was often deputed to appraise property outside of his native state, so reliable was his judg- ment in these matters. Among the many enterprises in this city which will live for- ever as a monument to his active life, is the Hotel St. James, on Broadway, which is conceded to be the most substantial and handsomest building in Chelsea. The Hotel Marlboro was the fruit of his genius, as was also the handsome block of brown stone dwellings on Congress Avenue, in the shadow of city hall : this block of houses was a revelation to the people of Chelsea in their architec- ture and internal fittings, and was the means of at- tracting to Chel- sea a class of peo- ple who are now our most substan- tial citizens. Mr. McCann also op- erated extensive- ly outside the city, laying out and developing two large sections of real estate in Revere. He was intimately associ- ated with the financial interests of the city, being one of the fore- most organizersof the County Sav- ings bank, of which he was a trustee, and of the Provident Co-operative bank, of which he was a director. Several years previous to his death, he opened an office in the Globe building, in boston, devot- ing a share of his time to the affairs of the tontine Life Insurance company, for which he acted as New England agent. In i S 7 6 he was united in marriage to Miss Catherine Josephine Linehan, of Lynn, Mass., who with seven children, survives. Since her husband's death, Mrs. McCann has most successfully con- ducted his business affairs. Mr. McCann was probably gifted with as keen a dis- crimination in the matter of real property values as anyone who has ever resided in Chelsea. His associations were with the progressive elements of the community, and a host of those who can recall his genial companionship and sound judg- ment will ever cherish his memory among those of the acquaintances that are not to be erased from the memory. Col. John H. Roberts. ~\ COL. JOHN. H. ROBERTS A well-known resident of Chel- sea is Col. John H e m m e n w a y Roberts, who moved here in 1865. He was born in Alfred, York Co., Me., October 8, 1831, of English ances- try and good old New E n g 1 a n < 1 stock. After be- ing educated in the com m o n schools and acad- emy of Alfred, in 1850. he came to Charlestow n, where he was en- gaged in the West India goods and foreign fruit busi- ness. Enlisting July, 1 86 1, he wis mustered into service as second lieutenant in Co. F, Eighth Maine Volunteers, the following August. In May, 1S62, he was promoted to tirst lieutenant and the fol- lowing August was made captain of the company. He went to the front, his regiment being assigned to the tirst brigade (Sherman's expediency corps), of the Army of the Potomac. He participated in the capture of Port Royal, Fort Sum- ter and Pulaski and Jacksonville. Janu- ary 1, 1864, by request of the governor CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 75 of Maine, he was transferred to the Sec- ond Maine cavalry, then being organized, and was made captain of Co. M. Or- dered to New Orleans after the Red River campaign, he went to La Fonrche and Tesche counties to exterminate guerillas. The following July he was ordered to assist in the Siege of Mobile, when he was attached to First Brigade Cavalry, 19th Army corps, and from that until the close of the war, engag e d i n raids and scouting through West Florida and Southern Alabama. C a p t. Rob- erts captured large quanti- ties of cattle, horses, Con- federate army stores and supplies, a n d carried ema n c i p a - tion to the negroes in the section. Many impor- tant engage- ments took place there, in all of which he took part, including M i 1 ton, KuehreAnna, Mania n n a , Florida; Pol- lard, Big and Little Escambia rivers, Pino Barren Creek and French Fort, Alabama. In May, 1S64, Capt. Roberts was made inspector-general of the forces at New Orleans and later judge advocate general of the department, and served also in that capacity on a mil- itary commission the following January, at the trial of important criminal cases at Banancas, there being no state govern- ment there. After the close of the war he entered the state militia, in 1869. being RESIDENCE OF HON. J. C. LOUD. appointed adjutant, First Battery cavalry. In 1873 he was elected lieutenant colonel commanding, bringing his regiment to such a state of efficiency that at the Cen- tennial celebration of the Battle of Bunker Hill he was complimented by Cen Sher- man of the U. S. regular army, and Cen. Grant, then president, as having the first command outside the regular army in the Union. After the close of the war, Capt. Roberts r e - s u m e d h i s former busi- ness, but later connected himself with the Boston office of the Mutual Life Insurance co., where he is still en- gaged. H e has ever taken an active inter- est in the affairs of C h e 1 s e a , where he has resided f o r many years. He served in the board of aldermen in 1S76 : repre- sentative to the legisla- ture in 1870. He has been at the head o f m a n y social or- ganizations, is a member of military order of the Loyal Legion, Union Veteran's Union (W. S. Hancock Command No. 1 ), and for three successive years, 1890-1-2, was elected department commander and in 1893 was unanimously elected com- mander-in-chief of the national com- mand of that organization. He is a past master of Robert Lash Lodge, past high priest Shekinah, R. A. C, and also a member of Unpthali council, Palestine 7 6 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED com., K. 'I'., R. A. M. Col. Roberts has been twice married : first to Miss Louisa Southward of ( 'harlestown. by whom he had three children, namely : Lillian Louise, now Mis. A. J. Hayman of Brookline, Gertrude Abbie, and Martha E. B., now Mrs. II. W. Asbrand. His second mar- riage was in [868, in Chelsea, to Miss H. Edwina Phelps. Hon. John C. Loud. The twen- tieth mayor o f Chelsea was born in 1' 1 y m outh, Me., in 1844. W h e n t h e c i v i 1 war broke out, he enlisted i n ( lompany 1 1. j j n 1 Maine volu nteers, a t eighteen ye irs of age, a n '1 served until the close of the struggle. He w a s in the siege of Port Hudson and engaged i n man) other battles. After the war he attended an academy for six months, and later taught school in Etna, Me. In 1 S 75 he came to Chelsea, and in 1885 engaged in the bakery business. As a result of his excellent management, it grew to an im- mense business. His several stores are now owned by J. W. Swint. In public affairs, Mr. Loud has had practical and valuable experience. He served as coun- cilman in the early '80s, then four years in the board of aldermen. In [891-92 he was representative to the state legislature. HON. JOHN C. LOUD. During this time he had won by his zeal and never-tiring interest in the city's wel- fare, the love and esteem of his fellow- citizens, and in 1894 he was nominated as republican candidate for mayor. On Ian. 6, 1896, John C. Loud was invested with the power of mayoralty by Judge Bossom. His taking oath of office meant clean politics and no license for Chelsea. He did not favor the acts passed by the 1 e g i slature, alio w i n g cities and towns to bor- r o w money beyond their d e b t limit, and in his inaugural address said. "special loans are to b e particu- larly avoid- ed." Good, sound judg- ment was the key-note of his admin- is tr a ti o n. \V h i 1 e in office, Wash- ington ave- n u e w a s w i d e n e d , f r o m the bridge to Car v a v e- n u e , t h e police signal service intro- duced, and a street water- ing plant established. The B. & M. R. R. were compelled to place signal gongs at Everett avenue, Spruce to West Third street crossings, and he also signed an order to compel the placing of electric wires underground. On June 1, 1S96, Mr. I.oud was forced to transfer the duties of his office to John T. Hadaway. presi- dent of the board of aldermen, on account of ill health, and at the end of his term decline. 1 re-electii m. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 77 Mr. Loud resides on County road with his wife and four sons. He is a member and official of the Bellingham M. E. church. He is prominent in secret society life, being a member of the Masons, Odd Fellows, the G. A. R., the Union Veteran's Union, the Royal Arca- num, the Ancient Order of United Work- men, and the Improved Order of Red Men. Samuel Orcutt. One of the note d men of Chelsea is Samuel I >r< utt. He was born in Boston, Feb. 1 1, 1S13, but since 1842 has been a valued resi- d e n t of Chelsea. Mr. Orcutt is of New E n g - 1 a n d stock, a n d traces his ancestry back to the settlement of H i n g h a m and the in- c o r poration of the town of Cohasset. It was in this latter town, in the home of his grand- father, that he spent his boyhood days, here developing good morals and a rug- ged physique, and although a man whose energy has not allowed him to waste scarcely a day of his busy life, notwith- standing that he has long since passed the fourscore milestone, he is hale and hearty, possesses a clear eye, keen intel- lect and a wonderfully retentive memory. He obtained the limited amount of edu- cation received by boys of his time, and SAMUEL ORCUTT when fourteen years old apprenticed him- self to the machinist trade. After serving his apprenticeship, engaged in the busi- ness on his own account. In 1840, .Mr. Orcutt invented ami patented a card printing press, which was the earliest rapid printing press ever patented in the United States. It was called the Yankee Card Press, and although a hand press, was a great improvement on anything p r e v i o usly invented, gaining for i t s inventor an almost national rep- utation. They were manu- factured b y him in Court sq., Boston, and m a n y were put on the market. The follow- ing year, at the a n n u a 1 exposition, a m e d a 1 was awarded him by the Mass. Char. Mec. a s s o c. In 1844, Mr. Orcutt e n - gaged in the book busi- ness, on Win- nisimmet St., later remov- ing his store to the corner of Third st. and Broadway. Some twelve years ago he sold out and retired from active busi- ness. Mr. Orcutt has published a map of Chelsea, and has been identified with various public improvements. He repre- sented Chelsea in the legislature in 1856, and served on the board of selectmen before the city's incorporation. He has also served on the board of assessors. He has taken a great interest in educa- tional matters, and served as a member of 78 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED the school board for fifteen years. He was a member of the prudential com- mittee during the building of the high school. While he has never sought nor accepted public office other than the above mentioned, he has ever been a Jacksonian democrat of the highest char- acter. Since its organization he has been one of the trustees of the Chelsea Savings bank, and enjoys the distinction of being the oldest and one of the original trustees. For m a n v years he has been connected with the Gar- denCemetery C o rporation as its secre- tary, and for the past six or eight years its treasurer. He has for m a n y years been a nieni- ber of the F. & A. M.. being first a m e m ber of t h e Star of Beth lehem 1 o d g e, and later, one of the charter members and founders of the Robert Lash lodge. Mr. Orcutt's life has ever JOSEPH R. CARR Photo by Tardy & Co. been an active one and of use to his fellowmen. His activity at his age shows the results of a remarkable constitution and a carefully spent life. He is a mem- ber of the Alter Ego club, and although the oldest one is by no means the least popular. He has six children living, five daughters and one son. He has labored for several months during 1898 in perfect- ing a system for numbering the city streets, and will publish another map of Chelsea. Joseph R. Cam From long connection with the best interests of Chelsea, Jos. R. Carr is one of the familiar figures of the city. He was born in boston in 1S46, graduated from her public schools, studied engineer- ing with one of her prominent civil en- gineers. Mr. J. B. Henck, and after an experience of several years in the west. settled in Chelsea in 1 S 6 7 . At this time the rapid growth of the city (1 e 111 a n d ed many costly i m p r v e - ments which required ex- pert skill in design and sup ervision. Accordingly, the office of city engineer was establish- ed, and Mr. Carr was elected to the office. F o r several years he was busily engaged in the work of revising grades, pav- ing streets and building sewers. As a result of this w ork the lower portion of Chelsea was changed from a country town to a modern city with appropriate improvements and surround- ings. Mr. Carr's services as an expert in his profession have been sought by many cities and corporations and he has a repu- tation as a safe and competent adviser. For nearly thirty years he has acted as agent for many estates and has to-day in his charge a long list of vacant lots suit- able for improvement. His extensive PARK COMMISSIONER. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 79 acquaintance with property is admitted by all, and his judgment of values has led to his selection as expert in real estate cases where he has invariably testified with credit to himself and advantage to his clients. During his long experience he has been concerned in some of the largest transactions in the city. Mr. Carr is a member of many local clubs and organi- zations, and is a member of the city park c o mmission- ers of which he is secre- tary. He is alsoa director of the Chelsea Board of trade and one of the trus- tees of the County Sav- ings bank. Mr. C a r r ' s sons are now engaged with him in his business, J. Lewis Carr having charge of his engin- eering work and Harry S. Carr of the real estate and insurance department. Hon. Thomas Strahan. T h o m a s Strahan was born in Scotland, May 10, 1847, the son of Thomas and Jean (Gordon) Strahan. Early in life he attended the public schools of Arlington, and graduated from Cotting academy, in that town, and at Phillips academy, Exeter, N. H. During his entire commercial career he has been connected with the wall paper industry, beginning in a small way on Cornhill, Boston, thence removing to Horticultural hall building and later to the corner of HON. THOMAS STRAHAN. Washington and Franklin streets. His salesroom is now on Park street, Boston, with a large factory in Chelsea. He was twice chosen president of the common council, was mayor in 'S3 and '84, and representative the following year. Mayor Strahan's first administration was indorsed at the polls with the emphatic majority of 953 votes when nominated for re-election. Both his inaugural addresses were model documents of their kind, cont a i n i n g the most lum- inous finan- cial state- ments and recommenda- tions of pe- culiar worth. At this time the valuable real estate up- on which the B r o a d w a y school stands was acquired and the pres- ent e d ifice erected, the school system beingpledged and given the fullest sup- port on the part of the chief execu- tive. The last year of Mr. Strahan's i n c umbency was a particu- larly notable one in the city's history, being, beyond any doubt, the most prosperous for twenty vears. Working people were constantly employed, industries multiplied and were added to, the population increased some 3500 and over one hundred new houses were built, besides the enlarged plant of the Revere Rubber company, replacing that shortly before destroyed by fire. He did much, also, for highway improvement. Mr. Strahan is an ardent temperance 8o CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED man, and takes an active part in the campaigns which have repeatedly placed Chelsea in the column of municipalities which bar the licensed saloon, frequently presiding and speaking at no-license meetings. November z8, 1867, he was married to .Miss Esther Lawrence of this city. His beautiful residence on Belling- ham street is a most hospitable one and many notable social functions have oc- curred there. Me is a member of num- erous organizations, including the Odd Fellows and Masonic fraternities. In the one of the old standby* of Chelsea. He was born in Revere in 1S26, a son of Capt. James Green, his ancestors figuring among the first settlers of Revere. His father being a sea faring man, the subject of this article, when quite young, made a long voyage to South America and received his papers for a sailor's protection in 1X43. His first voyage was full of adventure, being shipwrecked three times, two of the vessels being lost and the third condemned. In 1849 young Green went to seek his fortune in California. In the RESIDENCE OF HON. THOS. STRAHAN, BELLINGHAM HILL. former he has attained high rank. For about a score of years he has been one of the trustees of the Chelsea Savings bank. He is also a trustee of the Fitz Public library and has served as chairman of the Chelsea school committee, lie is our of the most energetic and influential mem- bers of the Chelsea Hoard of trade ami its sea md president. Tames S. Green. From long residence and activity in business life, James S. Green is known as gold fields he was reasonably successful ; but although suffering the hardships en- countered by the "forty-niners,'' retained his health notwithstanding that he went across the Isthmus of Panama. On re- turning home he came to Chelsea and engaged in the stable business on Will- iams Street. His success in the livery business was sufficient to warrant his securing a permit for building the largest stable for miles around. As Chelsea was at that time (1853) but a village, his enterprise in putting up the large build- ing at the corner of Broadway and CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 81 Second Street was considered a hazard- ous venture, more particularly as it was "so far away from the business centre," the business of the city at that time being confined to Winnisimmet Street, from Chelsea Square to the ferry. His fore- sight in apprehending the growth of the city was better than many gave him credit for, and the building after being used for a stable, and which an illustra- tion is given, was, some years later, re- modeled into a large block and since used for stores, offices and residence purposes, including several desirable tlats, one of which is occupied by Mr. Green, his handsome parlors at one time being the harness room of his large stable. The building is three stories, is 62 by 1 20 feet in dimensions, and at the time it was built was the largest building in Chelsea. In 1869, when the building was remodeled, Mr. Green engaged in the real estate business, conducting the same in the office on the corner almost continuously until he sold out to George B. Guild in 1890. Since that time he has devoted his energies to looking after the block, which is one of the best- kept buildings in the vicinity of Boston. The event celebrated of the completion of the famous stable carried on by Mr. Green, will be loner remembered bv the older *&*#£ OLD STABLE OF J. S. GREEN, ERECTED 1853. JAMES S. GREEN. residents. A band of music and three large tables spread for a collation, with prominent speakers, including Col. Fay, were features of the " house-warming " given him by the citizens. Mr. Green has twice been to Cuba, and has been a hardworking man all his life. He is hale and hearty, and takes an interest in the welfare of the city. He is one of the origi- nal members of the Chelsea board of trade, and served in the city govern- ment two years. He is also a member of the Society of Cali- fornia Pioneers of New Eng- land. From his long residence and connection with the affairs of Chelsea he is well known. 82 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED John H. Wilkinson. Chelsea's largest property holder and tax payer, John H. Wilkinson, was born in December, icSio, in North Berwick, Me., which town at that time was a part of Massachusetts. At ten years of age he left home, striking out for himself, not being contented to be dependent upon others for a livelihood. He engaged him- self to a Mr. Brown as an employee on a farm, where he worked earnestly and faithfully for seven years. His ambitions own account. Iking a young man of sterling integrity and sound judgment, and one upon whose word reliance was placed, his progress was rapid. At the time of the levelling of Fort Hill, Boston, the city sold many estates, Mr. Wilkinson being the shrewd and fortunate purchaser of several of them, and which laid the firm foundation of his transactions. In [868 he extended his operations by pur- chasing the Sears building, at that time one of the most prominent business build- ings in l>oston. This large structure he tar"- ™ i I i T[> U'tti [ i J. S. GREENS BUILDING, BROADWAY AND SECOND ST. prompting him to something higher and better, he went to Dover, N. H., and became an apprentice in the carpenter's trade, to which calling he devoted his untiring energy until he had attained his majority. His emolument was not lucra tive, fir he received at tint time but $30 ,. \ear and his living. Against the advice of his employer, who found in him a faithful and active workman, he went to Boston in 1843 to better himself. He immediately obtained employment and achieved such success that two years later he was enabled to begin business on his caused to be removed from the corner of Washington and Court streets to Chelsea, and has since been known as the Granite block, the largest of Chelsea business blocks, and located at the corner of Broadway and Fourth street. Mr. Wilkinson made Chelsea his home in 1845, since which time he has done more towards the building up of the city than any man in its history. The structures put tip by him have been of substantial brick material, in which he thoroughly be- lieves. In his long residence in this city, his interest in its welfare has been demon- CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 83 strated in all ways and times. He has served in both branches of the city government and was always renowned for his strict, impartial and conservative judgment. Today he is still active in looking after the interests of his tenants and is the largest resident taxpayer in die city. The interests of the city are as near to him now as ever. Eben H. Davis. JOHN H. WILKINSON. Photo by Purdy & Co. Eben H. 1 >avis was identified with Chelsea's school system for a period of thirteen years, being the third superintendent, and longest in office in the history of the city. He re- signed this position one year ago to take a much needed rest and engage in literary pursuits. He was born in Acton, this state, in 1840, was graduated from Kimball Union academy, Meriden, N. H., in 1857, and from Dartmouth college in the GRANITE BLOCK, OWNED BY JOHN H. WILKINSON. 8 4 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED class of [861. IIim life work has been that of public school instruction. 'The first eight years after graduation from college were spent in teaching, the greater part of this time as principal of the Belmont High school. In 1879 ne was elected superintendent of schools in Nashua, X. H., out of more than thirty applicants, according to the report of the school committee for that year. He remained in Nashua but a little over one year, when he was elected to a similar position in Woburn, Mass., at an advanced salary. Here he remained thirteen years, resign- ing to accept the position in Chelsea, which had been offered him the year previous. While in Woburn he achieved considerable renown by his adoption of improved methods in primary school in- struction. The Thought method of teaching reading was soon acknowledged to be greatly in ad- vance of the methods heretofore in vogue, and the great suc- cess which followed its adoption attracted visiti us from every section to the schools of this city. During Mr. Davis' adminis- tration in Chelsea he was able to achieve his greatest success, and he gave to the schools a greater celebrity than he had previously given to those of Woburn. Ili^ >\st«an of instruction is still favorabl) known as the Chelsea system, and the schools in New York city are now becoming interested in it. Several prin- cipals visited Chelsea public schools while Mr. Davis was here, and made a lengthy report to their board of educa- tion on their return, — a most unusual cir- cumstance, and that report is bearing its fruit in several large schools there at the present time. The New York Journal of Education had this to say of Mr. Davis, among other things: "He has shown him- self to be a man of original ideas, with that practical turn of mind which enables him to successfully apply them. He has been called upon, from far and near, to exemplify his plan of work before teachers' conventions, state institutes, and sum- mer schools, and it may be truly said of him that few men have done more towards formulating and inaugurating improved methods of primary teaching. One of his strong points is the cultivation among little children of independence of thought and originality of expression ; and the work carried on in the schools under his charge excites won- der and surprise in the minds of the nu- merous visitors who frequent them at all times." Mr. Davis is the author of several school books which have had and are still having extensive use. His reputation as an educator has been justly attained and the progress of pupils in the many schools where his books a re- used is marked. Hermon W. Pratt. EBEN H. DAVIS. Ex-Mayor Hermon \W Pratt comes of a family the name of which is synonymous with the story of Chelsea and her doings for the last 250 years. In practically every phase of the town and city's life, some member of the family has taken a conspicuous and honorable part. His father, Caleb, was for a long period iden- tified with the local government, while his grandfather and great-grandfather were active in political affairs of an earlier day. and formed a portion of Chelsea's contri- bution to the struggle for American inde- pendence. The first of the family. Richard Pratt, came to Charlestown, Mass.. about CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 35 1640, from Essex county. England. The first to appear at Winnisimmet was Thomas Pratt about 1 700, who was one of the founders of the church here. His son was Lt. Thomas Pratt, who occupied the house through the Revolution at which Washington visited during the siege of Boston, and which was demolished in 1855. His son Daniel, the great-grand- father of the subject of this sketch, in a r r i e d Mary, sister of Governor John Brooks of Medford, a n d t h e property compris i n g t h e greater part of Pratt- v i 1 1 e has been pos- sessed until recent times by their descendants. Caleb, the grand -father of Mayor Pratt, mar- ried Mary, daughter of Robert Lash, whose mem- ory is perpet- uated by the Robert Lash lodge of ¥ r eemasons of this city. Through his Pratt ances- try, Mr. Pratt Photo by Purdy " is a member of Old Suffolk chapter, Sons of the American Revolution, and of the Society of Colonial Wars in the Common- wealth of Massachusetts. Mr. Pratt was born in 1845 and attended the public schools, including those at the Pratt and Carter buildings. His school days over, he was employed by E. W. Wheelock, a Boston business man who made his resi- dence in Chelsea. From Mr. Wheelock's enterprise has grown the immense con- HON. HERMON W. PRATT. cern of Cumner, Jones & Co., with which establishment Mr. Pratt is still connected in a most responsible position. Yielding to the solicitations of friends, he entered political life in 1884, as a member of the common council from ward four, as for- merly defined, and was twice re-elected. This was followed by two years in the board of aldermen, some years elapsing between his second and third terms. His last election was fro m ward five, u n d e r the revised city charter in 1896. After a lively con- test, he was the choice of the republi- cans for the mayoral t y , a n d t h e n o m i nation was so satis- factory that it was e n - dorsedbythe citizens' m o v ement, thus assuring Mr. Pratt of the election by a vote that proved to be practi- cally unani- m o u s. He was inaugu- rated Jan. 4, 1897, and h i s address was one of the best ever delivered in the city on a like occasion. The details of Mr. Pratt's administration are too fresh in the mind to require detailing here. The worth of his efforts in Chelsea's interest, as valued by the citizens, was shown by the regret expressed on all sides by the announcement that his health absolutely forbade the re-election which was assured him. He was obliged to leave the city before the expiration of his term, and has 86 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED recently returned from an extended tour of the western and southwestern parts of the country. He has a beautiful home on Franklin street, where he resides with his three children. J. W. Thayer. In this well-known resident, Chelsea possesses one of twenty-seven who have held the office of commander, Department of Mass. (1. A. K. in the historv of that and June 26 was sworn in a member of the company which had in the meantime been forming at Fort Warren. His father again tried to detain him, but was dis- suaded from so doing after having learned that his son had sworn he was eighteen years of age. He went with the twelfth Mass. volunteers, known as the Webster regiment, and was wounded at the battle of Fredericksburg, and from Dec. 13, 1862, was confined to the hospital for four months. July 1, 1863, he was again RESIDENCE HON. HERMON W. PRATT. organization, Joseph Warren Thayer hav- ing filled that position in 1895. He was born in Boston, July 31, 1S44, was educated in the Boston and Cambridge public schools, and for the past forty years has been a resident of Chelsea. When the Civil war broke out he enlisted April 19, 1861, in company II, the first leaving Chelsea. This being against the wishes of his father, the stern parent caused his name to be taken from the roll, as he was under seventeen years of age. A few weeks after, young Thayer ran away from home, wounded at Gettysburg, where he was taken prisoner and remained captive four days, when he was recaptured. from his wounds at this terrible battle he re- mained in the hospital twelve months, being discharged therefrom June 27, 1S64. After serving three years, nearly one-half of which time he spent in the hospital, he returned home in time to celebrate the twentieth anniversary of his birth. After the war he was for ten years a member of Chelsea's "finest," doing clever work, but was obliged to sever his connection with CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED the police department on account of his leg which was so seriously injured in the war. He immediately entered the serv- ice of the United States, first as a night inspector of customs, later as captain of night inspectors, and is at the present time, day inspector of customs attached to the port of Boston. He is a charter member and has filled all the offices of Theodore Winthrop post 35 of this city, being com- m a n der in 1 S 8 8. In ! 1889 he be- came a i d - de-camp on the staff of t h e depart- ment com- mander ; aid -de- camp on the staff of com- mander -in- chief Alger, now secre- tary of war, in 1890; d e p artment inspector i n 1892 ; junior vice depart- in en t com- m a n d e r 1 89 3 ; senior vice depart- in e 11 1 com- m a n d e r 1894 ; a n d d e p artment command e r 1895. At t h e present time he is chairman of the board of trustees of the soldiers' lots of Chelsea. He is a member of Robert Lash lodge, Masons ; Mystic lodge and Samaritan encamp- ment, I. O. O. F. ; Powhatan Tribe Red men ; Alferetta council, D. of P. ; Garfield lodge, American order of Fraternal Help- ers, being general grand sentinel of the last order. He is a member of the Grand Army club of Boston, and twenty-seven years ago started the charitable society of the Chelsea fire department, which now has $8,000 in its treasury. Marcus M. Merritt. J. W. THAYER, EX-DEPT. CO M M AIM DER G. A. R An eminently successful business man, with legions of warm personal friends, is Marcus M. Merritt. For several years he has been honored with positions of public trust, including membership in the com- mon council in 1879-80- 81-82, alder- man in 1 89 1, and he repre- s e n t e d his district in the general court during the s e s s ions of '86, '92 and '94, being elected as a d e m o c r at, but bringing to his sup- port men of all political affiliati ons. Mr. Meiritt took an active part in the delibera- tions of the house, his influence be- ing potent in the abolition of the poll tax require- in e n t as a pre -requisite for v o t i ng. He also devoted considerable effort to the successful agitation for the doing away of the grade crossing on Chelsea bridge. At the recent hearing before a legislative committee, he presented convincing facts and figures against the proposed annexa- tion of the City to Boston. He is a native of Templeton, this state, and was studious in his educational course. His first busi- ness connection was with the chair mak- ing industry, but since his removal to 88 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Chelsea in 1S72, he has been engaged in the tobacco trade, his business being one of the largest in this section of the state. He is a director of the Chelsea board of trade! Jabez K. Montgomery. Through his connection with public affairs and by reason of large business interests, Jabez K . Montgomery has become know n through a s wide a ter- ritory as per- il a p s an y resident o f Chelsea. Despite his almost in- numera b 1 e cares, per- sonally he is e x t r e mely unassumi n g a n d a p - proa chable to all classes. Of his num- berless acts of kindness and charity m a n y can testify, and his keen c o mmercial sagacity has been freely extended to those per- plexed with the serious phases of business life. He has resided in Chelsea for over thirty years. Warren, Maine, is his birth- place, and in that town he began the acquisition of his thorough knowledge of shipbuilding, serving his time at the trade. The exigencies of the Civil war brought his skill into full use, and during those trying years he was employed at Portland, Me., with Mr. Howard, upon craft for the government, mainly gunboats. His busi- MARCUS M. MERR1TT ness in this city is conducted under the firm name of Montgomery & Howard, located at 37 Marginal street. The con- cern has built some of the large steam- ships, among them being three steamers for the old Colony Steamship company, City of Taunton, Fall River and Brockton, and also the Mayflower, Hingham, Miles Standish and others of the Nantasket line f or the Nantasket Beach Steamboat compa- ny and scores of pilot and other boats. The work t u r ned out is of the highest grade of .4 skill only, and the complete con f idence of the busi- ness world has bee n gained. The f i r m h a s also been most happy in its rela- tions to its e m p loyees, and labor d if fi culties are u n - known. At a time when a large force of help was engaged, the firm was the leader in the trade to adopt the nine-hour schedule. Mr. Montgomery has many other interests, among them being his active connection with the Winnisimmet company, which controls the ferry communication between Chelsea and boston. ( >f this concern he is president, holding a similar position with the Chelsea Gas Light company and the Frost hospital. He is a director of the First Ward National bank of East Boston, and of the Globe Gas Light CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED company. Mr. Montgomery, of neces- sity, has taken an interest in public affairs and while not an office-seeker, his serv- ices have been repeatedly demanded in the city government, being a member of the common council in 1S79-80, and an alderman for six successive years, begin- ning with 18S1, and is chairman of the park commission. No constituent, it may be safely said, was given cause to regret their choice. M r . Mont- gomery is a deraocr at, and has had the nomina- tion of his party for higher posi- tions, but the heavy ad- verse politi- cal strength could not be entirely o v e r c o me, though h i s sho wing at the polls was most credit- able, men of independent p r o c livities of all parties being a t - tracted to his support. The substan- t i a 1 New- England blood which Mr. Mont- gomery can photo by Pl,rdy - claim, has here one worthy its company. JABEZ K. MONTGOMERY. A. L. Howard. Mr. Howard is the elder member of the firm of Montgomery & Howard, the shipbuilding enterprise which has done so much to bring the repute of the city of Chelsea as a centre for the activities of the most skilled artisans, to the high plane which it now enjoys. His father was a well-known shipsmith and one of the best- known mechanics in his line. His home was at Warren, Me., and in that town the son was born. The location of his birth- place, at the head of navigation of the Georgia river, was an incentive to the young man to engage in the trade, and this added to his natural inclination in that direction. Mr. Howard has been a tireless worker and has left nothing undone that in its re- sults might add to the thoroughness of his knowl- edge of the details of his chosen voca- t i o n . It is safe to say that few men in New Eng- 1 a n d a r e better in- formed than he in the various prac- tical aspects of shipbuild- ing . His energy and p o sitivenos have been a constant in- spiration t o emplo yees and all who h a v e been brought into contact with h i m i n a business way. Mr. Howard has made Chelsea his home for the last thirty years, and it is here that his suc- cesses have been won. He is correctly classed as a most substantial citizen, although, by nature, he is strongly inclined to retirement and the attractions of home. He is a member of the Review club, but takes practically no part in the doings of political or social organizations. He is very fond of driving and is an acknowl- edged expert in the way of judging 9 o CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED horseflesh. He was one of the founders of the Hawthorne clnb stables, and is one of the few remaining of the original tweutv under whose auspices this enter- prise was inaugurated. His home is at the corner of Congress avenue and Shurt- leff street and is most attractive. Mr. Howard has devoted his life to a line of work which, more widely developed in this country, as the old sailing craft g ra d uall y gave way to those pro- pelled m e - c h a n i cally, might have resulted in an i m proved aspect of the industry in this country, which n o w, too often, suffers for the I) e 1 1 erment of similar enter prises across the water. H e has kept abreast of the times and is not lacking skill and judgment to put into exe- cution every development of the work in hand. . ... • ; ',1 w \ 43 ^ Sv »- « - A. L. HOWARD Hon. Samuel P. Tenney. Not to know Samuel P. Tenney is to argue one's self unknown to Chelsea or to her doings. When any proposed good and helpful deed demands a musing start by voice, pen, influence, or by that more _ible commodity, the purse, he is one ot those who can be depended upon for his full share of the effort, as the circum- ■ es of the case may demand. Mr. Tenney is a lineal descendant of the Thomas Tenney, who, with his wife Ann, came from Rowley, England, to the Rowley of our own state in 1683. He is a native of the town of Barre, Mass., born December 6, 1838. He received a com- mon school education, including a course at the Eliot school, Boston. In 1853 he entered the employment of Henry Rice, stock, note and real estate broker, Boston, r e m a i n i ng two years and continu- ing later in the same line with Edmund M u n r o e . October 1, 1856, he ac- cepted a po- sition w i t h Lawren ce, Stone & Co., selling agents for several manufact u r- ing compan- ies, including the New E n g 1 a n d Worsted c o m p a n y , after wards succeeded by t h e Saxon- ville mills and the Roxbury carpet com- pany. He has h a d charge of the b ookkeeping of the latter concern .for several years and to his thor- ough knowledge of clerical details adds the inherent qualifications of the success- ful man of business. He has been a justice of the peace and a notary public since the days of Gov. Washburn. He was 1 member of the common council for five years, an alderman for four years, and was chosen the twelfth mayor of the city in December. [880, and was re-elected the following year. His attention to the CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 9 1 multifarious duties of his position was most strict and he was a true representa- tive of all classes in the community. His vote at the second election was a tremend- ous one. In his many acts of benevolence, Mr. Tenney has not forgotten the veteran soldier, to whom he is particularly warm- hearted. The Soldiers' Home was dedi- cated during his term of office and he has served for several years as one of the directors of that institution. Mr. Tenney is a member of organizations innumerable, social, frater- nal, political and commer- cial, a n d is active in t h e Central C o n - g r ega t i onal church, having served as clerk and as both chairman and treasurer of the p r u d e n t i a 1 committee con- nected there- with. His long connection with the Board of water com- missioners has been produc- tive of much benefit to the city. The pres- e n t pumping stat ion, now one of the fin- est of Chelsea's public build- ings has been erected during his service as a member of the board, and the metropolitan system adopted. The creditable financial show- ing and remarkable record made by the commissioners in recent years sets a high standard for other and even much larger cities to follow. July 23, 1862, he was married in Chelsea to Miss Hannah Jane Sticknev of Andover. HON. SAMUEL P. TENNEY. Hon. George E. Mitchell. This well-known citizen whom history decreed to be the fifteenth mayor of Chelsea, was born in Cambridge, May 8, 1844, and obtained his education in the public schools of that city and Somerville. AVhile scarcely eighteen years of age, he enlisted in the war of the rebellion as a member of company B, Fifth Mass. Vols. Infantry, serving in North [Carolina with credit to himself, and receiving an honor- able discharge at the expiration of his term of enlistment. In 1872 he engaged in the wholesale butter, cheese and egg business as senior member of the firm of Mitchell, Dex- ter & Co., now one of the largest in the line in New England. The firm has for twenty years been located at 5 B 1 a ckstone street, Boston, and is a large c o m miss ion house, whose trade extends far over the United States. Mr. Mitchell made his debut in the city gov- e r n m e n t in 1 8 78, serving as a member of the common council in that and the follow- ing year. In 1880 his work in the council won him a seat in the aldermanic board, and being re-elected, he served in 1881 in that body as president. His record in the city gov- ernment was a clean one, and he made many firm friends by his efficient work for the city's interests. When nominated for mayor in 1887, his opponent was a strong personal friend, and the election was strongly contested. He was, how- ever, chosen, and the following year was honored with a unanimous re-nomination 02 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED from all parties for a second term whirl) was duly ratified at the polls. While mayor, many important improvements were made in Chelsea. Prominent among these was the adoption of the high water service which included the building of the Powderhorn hill reservoir, the pumping station near the city hall, street lighting by electricity adopted and many of the principal streets macadamized. That he made an efficient and popular mayor is conceded on all sides. He became a m ember of T h e o d o r e Winthrop post, G. A. R., many years ago, and at present is a member of E. W. Kinsley ]) o s t 113, G. A. R. He has been sec- retarv of the Fifth Regt. Mass. Veterans' association since its organ- ization after the war. He is a member of VV. S. Hancock c o m m a n d . Union Veter- ans' union, and the Boston c h a m ber of c o m m e r c e , h a v i n g f o r three y ea r s been a director a n d formerly \ 'u e president of the latter, lie is treas- urer of the R. S. Frost General hospital, president of the Review club, and a member of the executive board of the 1 >av nursery. He is a member of Star of liethlehem lodge. 1'. \' A. .M.. Xapthali council, R. A., and Palestine & >mmandery Knight Templars, and Suffolk chapter Si his of American revolution, and the Mavors' club of Massachusetts, lie is now serving his fourth term of three years member of the board of water com- missioners, having been three years its president. He is a member of the pres- ent board of aldermen, from ward five, serving as chairman of the committee of finance. Tohn Howland Crandon. j Purdy. HON. GEORGE E. MITCHELL. The subject of this sketch, ex-alderman and present water commissioner, John Howland Crandon, was born in the old Pilgrim town of Plymouth, Mass., in 1835, being in direct lineal descent from Jo h n Howland and Governor B r a d f o r d , " M ay flower " Pilgrims w h landed at Ply- mouth in 1620. After graduat- ing from the high school in that town, he served appren- ticeship at the printers' art in the office of the Plymouth Rock, a weekly i on r nal, and was stea d i ly advanced to the reportorial a n d edit" >i ial s t a i'f. Th e first twenty- five or thirty years of his life were passed in the old town, being identified with its local societies and organizations, when, near the close of the rebellion, he re- moved with his family to Chelsea, Mass.. where he has since resided. Mr. Cran- don was for a year or two employed in the office of the Telegraph and Pioneer, then accepted a situation in the Mudge & Sons' printing office in Boston, and later was. for fourteen years, on the edi torial staff of the Boston Commercial Bulletin, six years on the Daily Advertiser, CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 93 and several years one of the owners, pub- lishers and editors of the Manufacturers' Gazette. As a lecturer, he acquired a good reputation, having addressed boards of trade and commercial organizations in many cities and towns in New England, Grand Army Posts, literary and social clubs, and has filled the offices of vice- president, president and orator of the Chelsea Review club. He is a member of Robert Lash lodge of Masons, Sheki- nah chapter and Palestine commanderv, Knights Tem- plar, Mystic lodge, I. O. O. F., Sons of the American Re- volution a n d Society of Co- lonial Wars in the Common- wealth of Mass- achusetts. As a city official he has served continuously in some depart- ment for nearly twenty years, two in the old common coun- cil, two in the board of alder- men (one as president), and is now serving his fifth term of three years each as a water c o m missioner (one as chair- v v t-> • Photo by Purdy. man ) . During his long connection with this branch of the public service, the high water service was constructed in 1886-7, an ^ the new Metropolitan Water system was introduced in 1S97-8. Mr. Crandon took the initia- tory steps to organize a board of trade in Chelsea, addressing a large public meet- ing in the Academy of Music, setting forth the many advantages to be derived by organized effort on the part of business men, which resulted successfully, and he was elected its first secretary and is now one of the vice-presidents. He is still active and prominent in everything per- taining to the welfare, growth and devel- opment of the city of his adoption he loves so well. Robert I. Davis, D. M. D. JOHN HOWLAND CRANDON. Among the younger professional men earning a well deserved reputation, is Dr. Robert I. Davis, who practices dentistry in finely equipped offices in the Chelsea Savings Bank building. H e is a son of Eben H. Davis, recent superin- tendent of Chelsea public schools, a n d was born in Watertown in 1874. He re- ceived his early training in the public schools of Woburn and Chelsea, his father remov- ing to this city when he was quite young. He further pur- sued his edu- cation by re- ceiving special instruction for several years under private tutors. While attending the Chelsea gram- mar school he received additional in- struction at the North Bennet Industrial school, as a member of a class honored by receiving free tuition by especial invi- tation. He, later, attended the Cam- bridge Manual Training school, from which he graduated in the class of 1S94. His course of instruction there embraced studies in science and mathematics, and his private instruction, that of science with Latin, French and German. In earlv life he manifested a mechanical 94 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED aptness and genius which he extensive- ly cultivated. His inclina- tions in this direction led h i in to choose den- tistry for a p r o f e ssion. In 1894 he successf u 1 1 y |i a s sed the examinations for entrance to the Har- vard Medical school, the s t u dies the first year of t h e dental depart 111 e n t consisting of that of the m e d i c a 1 . Every year, d u r i n g his course of study, he tions, including that exami ners, w i t h o u t a single condi- tion. The thorough training w h i c h the H a r v a r d 1 )ental Col- lege affords, is recognized the world over, a n d there, any one in sym- pathy w i t h his profession is thoroughly trained for the m o s t skilful prac- tice of den- tistry in all the most im- proved meth- ods, as well as being im- bued with a passed all examina- complete knowledge of the surgery of the of the state board of head and mouth. Entering upon his pro- DR. ROBERT I. DAVIS. INTERIOR OFFICE OF DR. DAVIS. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 95 4t> fession in Chelsea, where he has a wide and favorable acquaintance, he has been unusually successful, his large practice and reputation already built up, being acqui- sitions rarely secured by young dentists of the present day. From his natural skill and thorough knowledge of his profession, he has a brilliant future before him. George H. Buck. A truly representative citizen of Chelsea is George H. Buck, whose long connec- t i o n with business i n - terests a n d public affair.-, has m a d e him an im- portant factor in the com- munity. He was born March 31, 1843, i n Bucks port, Maine, b u t w h e n quite young, his parents r e - m o v e d to Chelsea. He was educated in Chelsea public schools and during 1859- 60, attended Chauncy- Hall I" school, Boston. Shortly after obtaining his education, the civil war broke out, and enlisting in company G, 40th Mass. volunteers infantry, he served from 1862 to the close of the rebellion. In 1867 he engaged in the lumber busi- ness with his brother, as a member of the large concern of T. H. Buck & Co., in which firm he continued until 189 1, when he sold his interest an 1 became proprietor of the Eastern Storage warehouse, one of the largest of its kind for the storage of GEORGE H. BUCK goods in Boston or vicinity. Besides the buildings of almost unlimited capacity which are safely protected and carefully looked after, there are large yards for the storage of lumber. The establishment is on Everett avenue, joins the tracks of the eastern division of the Boston & Maine railroad, and comprises one of the most important business concerns of Chelsea. Mr. Buck has taken his full share in public affairs and has been several times honored with political pre ferment. He served four years in the city gov- ernment, being a mem- ber of both branches o f the council. He has been --'^jS&w-v also a mem- ber of the board of park c o mmission- ers, and dur- ing 1893-94 represen ted the 26th Suffolk dis- trict in the Massac hu- setts house of repr esenta- tives. As a legislator he added strength t o that body, and his serv- ice included m e mbership on the committees on liquor law and probate insolvency in 1893, and house chairman of the former committee in the following year. Mr. Buck has been interested in local banks as director, and has done much towards improving Chelsea real estate. He was one of the charter members of the Chelsea Board of trade, and being one of its originators, has been a zealous worker in furthering all com- mendable enterprises benefitting the com- 96 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED munitv. 1 [e resides on Chestnut street in one of Chelsea's comfortable residences. George B. Guild. One of the most familiar figures in real estate circles is George B. Guild, treas- urer of the Chelsea Board of trade, and a man whose interest in the city is identical with that of his own business. He is a native < > f New Hamp- shire and is of old conti- nental stock. His resi- dence in Chelsea, comprising a period of twenty- f i ve years, has been marjeed w i t h a n active and s u c c e s sful business career. For fifteen years Mr. Guild was engaged in the gro- cery busi- ness, his store being one of the largest and best patron- ized in this city. When h e bought out the busi- ness of Jas. S. Green, in one of the oldest real estate offices, corner of Broadway and Second street, he was therefore no stranger to the property owner and the tenement :->eeker. Succeeding to the business and good will of his predecessor, which as now con- ducted is largely increased, his office is one of the busiest in the city, being one of the longest established real estate agen- cies, and having from its start ever been endowed with reliability, a large amount GEORGE B. GUILD, IER CHELSEA BOARD OF of property owned by non-residents is committed to its care. Like all success- ful real estate men, Mr. Guild is an inde- fatigable worker and one whose capacity for business is seemingly unlimited. He has the renting, care and sale of much Chelsea property, and possessing sound judgment and keen foresight, is an authority on real estate values. He is agent for several large fire insurance com- panies and is president of the local board of i n s u r a n ce under w r i t - e r s, also a trus tee of County Sav- i n g s bank. Mr. Guild is a member of the Review club, Sons of the Ameri- can Revolu- tion and the Star of Beth- lehem lodge, F. & A. M. His interest and activity in the Chel- sea Board of trade date back to its formation, he being one of i t s original members. He has never found time for f i lli ng public office, but has several times been urged to accept honors in that direction. Tohn M. Mason. One of the busiest places in the entire City of Chelsea is the machine shop and brass foundry of John M. Mason, which is located on Webster avenue. The sale- room is at Si Haverhill street, Boston, where a large stock of machinery is kept CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 97 on hand. Mr. Mason's services are called upon for engines of almost every conceiv- able purpose, and a list of the uses to which the rising 700 machines that have been turned out at this factory would make interesting reading. Mr. Mason has undoubted natural mechanical ability and designs all his own produc- tions. His machinery has had the widest distribution and has ever been found equal to all reasonable d e m ands. Besides man- ufacturing, second-hand goods are dealt in and a line of this class can be found at the salesroom on H a v e r h i 1 1 street. The brass foundry is that for- merly owned by the Bedall Manufactur- ing company. Mr. Mason is now propri- etor of the business and plant a n d since acquir- ing control has made a marked i n - crease in the number of hands em- ployed and in the vol- ume of output. His business career for himself dates from the year 1872, over seven years of which period have been spent at the present location. He is a native of Newton, spent his early life in Billerica and learned his trade in the most thorough manner at a machine shop in Lowell, where over 1,100 men were employed. He is a war veteran, having enlisted in the navy and serving for four- - JOHN M. MASON teen months, most of which time he was stationed at Charleston, S. C. He is particularly interested in the work of the Grand Army, and is a past commander of Theodore Winthrop post, 35, of Chelsea. He is also connected with the Masons, Red Men, Sons of Veterans and other organizations. During his thirty-two years' residence in Chelsea, Mr. Mason has always been interested in affairs of the public weal and repre- sented his ward in the c o m m o n council in the years of 1888-9. Up to last year, he was for fifteen years continuously connected with the re- pub 1 i c a n ward and city committees, six of which he served as chairman of the ward 2 committee. Mr. Mason as an em- ployerismost considerate to the con- s i d e r a b 1 e force of help w h i c h his growing busi- nessdemands and is, with- al, a worthy specimen of a type of business men of which no community can have too many. Hon. George H. Carter. A progressive man is Hon. George H. Carter, president of the Chelsea Board of trade. He was born in this city May 5, 1859. He is of inter-colonial ancestry, antecedents on both sides having served 9« CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED in the revolution, his grandfather, Simon Cromwell, in the war of 1812, and his father, Horace Carter, died in defence of our country in the war of 186 1-5. He was educated in the public schools of this city, from which he graduated in 1874. He began his mercantile career as a boy in the Boston office of the D. L. Slade Co., with which concern he has ever since been associated. Starting at the foot of the ladder he earned pro- motion until he became one of the directors of the corpora- t i o n . In 1889, he was married t o Lillian B., daughter of theRev.L.B. Bates, D.D., and a sister of Hon. John L . Bates, speaker of the Massa- chusetts house of rep- resentatives. Hisresidence is at 65 Bell- i n g h a m street. Mr. Carter h a s been several times elected to office dur- ing his pub- lic career, always d e - president chelse monstrating his fitness for filling the offices of honor and trust conferred upon him. He served two years in each branch of the city government, during all of which time he was a member of the important com- mittee of finance. When he became republican nominee for mayor in 1894, his popularity was still further demon- strated at the polls by his election by a large majority. Mis administration the HON. GEORGE H. CARTER, following year was characterized by the introduction of several important reforms and public improvements. The city charter was revised and the lower branch of the city government was abolished. A strict enforcement of the liquor law was also carried out, his attitude in opposition to the saloon having always been out- spoken, and the Chelsea Board of trade was organized, of which he is now presi- dent. I n 1895, ne re ~ ceived the nominat ion for re-elec- tion on both the republi- can and citi- zens ticket ; in the cau- cus of the former their being not a d i s sen ting voice in the 1571 votes cast. It is needless to say that he was returned to the may- or ' s chair. He retired from the of- fice after h a v i n g ac- complished many things of lasting benefit to the citizens and taxpayers of BOARD OF TRADE Chelsea. AS president of the board of trade, Mr. Carter has still further materially assisted in developing local interests. He is prominently iden- tified with several societies. Besides being active in church work, he has served as a director of the V. M. C. A., of which he was president in 1897-8. A young man and thoroughly self made, he has achieved an enviable position in the business and social world. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 99 The Late Thomas Green. Mayor Green was the ninth executive of Chelsea. He came from the best New England stock and was in the fifth gener- ation on his father's side from an ancestor who came from England in the beginning of the eighteenth century. Charlestown was selected as a residence place, and William Green, the grandfather, was a sufferer at the burning of the town by the B r i t ish, de- signed to cover the movement on Bunker Hill. The maternal great grand- father, Inger- soll, was also a loser at that time. Thomas Green was born on Sheafe street, Boston, July 13, 1822. H e attended the primary and Eliot g r a m m a r schools, leav- ing the high school at the age of four- teen to enter a store on Long wharf, now State street. He worked here as a clerk for eight years and in 1844 he became a member of the firm of S. G. Bowdlear & Co., which was then formed. Taking up his residence in Chelsea, Mr. Green served in the common council for two years. He was mayor in 1876 and de- clined a re-election. His acceptance of the office for this single term was in response to the urgent demand of citizens of all parties for a progressive and upright head of city affairs, and this demand was fully met, Mayor Green's administration being recorded as one of the cleanest and THE LATE HON. THOMAS GREEN. ablest that has fallen to the portion of this city. He was a trustee of the city library and a member of the board of education, where he did much valuable labor. His business integrity and fore- sight was recognized by a seat in the board of government of the Boston Com- mercial exchange. Mr. Green was active in the work of the Methodist church, and none more devotedly followed its polity, ritual and hymnology. For two years he was president of the Metho- dist Social un- ion and a di- rector of the Methodist His- torical society. In 1847, he married Anna Elizabeth Marden, who, with five chil- dren survives him. His home life was most beautiful and his great- est delight was in the associa- tion of the family circle. Although n o t favored w i t h extended edu- cational advan- tages w h i 1 e young, he was a wide and dis- criminatin g reader and the range and thor- oughness of the information at his com- mand was little short of marvellous. Although gifted with the earnest of long life, Mr. Green was brought to his death by an overtaxing of his vitality and, after a short illness, passed away April 22, 1887. His funeral was attended by representatives of numerous organizations with which he had been connected, city government officials and by business men of Chelsea and Boston, besides friends who desired to show a token of regard. IOO CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED His was a life replete with good deeds — a proof of the sincerity of his loyalty to his Master by love to his fellow-men. The Late Benjamin Dodge. One whose works in behalf of the city of Chelsea and his fellowmen will long be re- membered, is the late Benjamin Dodge. He was born in Gloucester, Mass., January 6, 1810, the father of 1 — benjamin F. Dodge of this city. Removing to Chelsea i n June, 1840, he was ap- pointed post- master, which o ffic e he filled w i t h that strict C n scion s- ness of duty that w a s characteris- tic of men of the old s c h o o 1 . When Chel- sea became incorporated as a city in 1858, he was a member of the first city government. 1 1 e took a deep interest in the educa- tion of the young. lie became a member of the school committee in 1859, and was for twenty years connected with the board of overseer's of the poor, serving as member of that board from 1871-76 and its secre- tary from 1876-91. Naturally kind and sympathetic, his service in this depart- ment of the city was characterized by a wise and discriminating judgment in the city's interests as well as for these unfor- tunates who were brought in relations with him. In politics, during his residence in Chelsea, he was ever active. He was one of the original members of the Free Soil part\ r and was prominent in the formation and organization of the republican party of this city and state. His decease, De- cember 31, 1 89 1, removed from Chelsea one widely esteemed for his generositv, sterling integrity and worth. His kind- ness to those in distress will long be remembered by many resi- de n t s of Chelsea. THE LATE BENJAMIN DODGE. The tie- cease of I )r. William ( \ . Wheeler re- moved from Chelsea one of the most distinguished of Massachu- setts physi- cians. 1 1 e w as bo r n August 3, 1821, at Co- lumbus. N .Y.. and was edu- cated at Fos- ter's private school and Senton acad- emy, Little Falls, N. Y. He com- menced the study of medicine in the office of his uncle, Dr. James Wheeler, at Little Falls, N. Y., accepting that opportunity in preference to the offer of his father to remove to Michigan and grow up with the then young West. His arduous de- votion to his studies was attended with strict self denial. When not a.t school, he served as his uncle's office boy. It was in 1840 that he first began the study of his chosen profession. He attended the The Late William G. Wheeler, M.D. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Geneva Medical college now a part of the Syracuse University College of medicine, from which he graduated in 1845. He immediately commenced practicing in Little Falls but after remaining there three years, removed to Chelsea, where he continued in his profession a full half- century — a record equalled by few in the the history of this country. The begin- ning of his professional life found Dr. Wheeler with the in- debtedness incurred by the assistance of his moth- er's brother, which he re- paid before being mar- ried.. Be- sides being a physician of note and a surgeon o f great skill, he in te rested himself in all things where the welfare o f Chelsea and his fel- lowmen were concerned. He was one of the coterie of old citi- zenswhose la- bors brought credit a n d honor to the city . His face was as familiar and his services as readily rendered in the homes of the most humble as in the most influential. He served as both town and city physician, and was a member of the school commit- tee. He was one of the examining physicians, associated with Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, for the federal govern- ment during the late war. He was a valued member of the Episcopal church, American Medical association, fellow of THE LATE DR. WILLIAM G. WHEELER. the Massachusetts Medical society, mem- ber of the Boston Society for Medical im- provement, of the Boston Gynecological society, of the last of which he was presi- dent in the years 1875-6. He was vice- president of the Suffolk District Medical society in 1861. From 1888 until the time of his death, was an honorary mem- ber of the surgical staff' of the Lynn Hos- pital, and from 1S90, was consulting physician at the Soldier's home. D r . Wheeler was one of the promoters of the R.S.Frost hospital and a member of the staff of that institu- tion until his death. H e w a s thrice married : first to Mary C. W i 1 1 i a m s of Utica, N. Y., in 1850, who died in i860: mar- ried, second, i n Septem- ber, 1862, Mrs. Jennie C. Jones, of Roc h es t e r , N. Y., who d i e d i n Dece mber, 18S5 ; mar- ried, third, M ay 10, 1887, Mrs. Mary A. Crowell of Chelsea, Mass. His only son, Herbert Whipple Wheeler, resides and has large interests in Saline, Mich. Resolutions of the hospital medical staff, drawn up at the time of his death, embraced the following paragraph : " his cultured intellect, mod- est bearing, and genial companionship, commanded the regard of all who came in contact with him, and that his rare mental gifts, quick perception, logical CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED ton, and continuing the same un- til June, 1897, a term of forty- seven years. In June, 1852, he married Sarah J. Bell, daughter of Edward Bell, of Boston, and made Chelsea his place of resi- dence, thus having been an eye witness to the growth and develop- ment of little Winnisimmet village to the now populous city of Chel- sea. His diligence, industry and integrity in business life have won for him many firm friends by whom he is highly esteemed. WHEELER BLOCK. powers and scientific inclinations admir- ably fitted him for his chosen profession. Vincent D. Lent. T. A. Ferrell. Prominently identified with Chelsea is J. A. Ferrell, who has resided in this city for nearly thirty-five years. He is a native of New Hampshire and was born about forty-seven years ago. He is of Scotch descent on the mater- nal side, his ancestors in this country dating back to 1652, to Alexander Cordon, who that year settled in Charles- town, and the year following went to Exeter, N. H. He is also a direct Morn in Cortland Town, Westchester county, X. Y., October 7, 1S22, Vincent 1 ». Lent has been a resident of Chelsea for nearly half a century. He is of Hol- land Dutch descent, his ancestors leaving Amsterdam, May 1640, arriving on the Hudson river in August of that year, ami making a settlement at Peekskill, N. Y., called by the Indians, Soccoos. After securing their friendship, the settlers learned their language and purchased from them a large tract of land, a portion ot "which is still in the ownership of the Lent family, never having changed since purchased from the savages in 1642, and i^ still the old home of Mr. Lent. In March, 1846, he came to Boston to seek his fortune in the great Hub, among strangers who did not long remain such, but soon became kind and interested friends. In [849, Mr. Lent engaged in business on his own account and for him- self, locating in Haymarket square, Bos- Photo by Purdy, VINCENT D. LENT. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED descendant of Captain Daniel Gordon of Epping, N. H., who served in the revolu- tion, and Samuel Robie Gordon, who was associated in business with the eminent Boston merchant, " Billie " Grey. His business operations have been carried on in Boston, where he is engaged in the wholesale dry goods business, his estab- lishment numbering 112 to 116 Chauncy street being the leading source of supply in New England for mill remnants, dry goods and seconds. His business which has grown to be a lucrative one was established in 1884. He receives his supplies direct from the mills in large quantities and at most advantageous rates, his trade comprising manufacturers whom he sells in large quan- tities, job lots to wholesalers and re- tailers, in quantities to suit, always at prices which cannot be duplicated. His store is located near the heart of the whole- sale dry goods dis- trict and his trade extends throughout New England and the Middle states. Mr. Ferrell is one of the best-known men in the city dry goods market, a n d one " whose word is as good as his note." Since becoming a resident of Chelsea, he has taken a strong interest in church matters, and is a prominent member of the Central Congregational church. Pholo by Purdy. J. A. FERRELL C. Henry Kimball. This well-known citizen was born in Barre, Mass., son of the late Chas. Kim- ball, known as the potato king, who came to Chelsea when the subject was about five years old. He obtained his educa- tion in Chelsea schools, and later became associated with his father in business, whom he succeeded at his death. In 18S5, he originated an automatically heated car, which revolutionized the transportation of potatoes. In the con- struction of these cars, he associated him- self with Mr. Eastman, of Laconia, N. H., who developed his ideas. A company was formed for their manufacture in which Mr. Kimball was the promoter. Although the company started with but little capital, the venture was successful. Mr. Kimball finally sold out his interest and disposed of his produce business to Chas. Kimball & Co., who still conduct the latter. Since that time, Mr. Kimball has devoted his energies to the organizing of stock companies, the subject of which he has made a successful study. Perhaps few men have had more A experience in a greater number of stock companies than he. He has demonstra- ted the ability to solve the problem whereby the small stockholder may receive the con- sideration pro rata that is his due in the company in which he is interested. This has been not only to his own benefit, but that of the widows and orphans and small stockholders general- ly. He has found that this could be brought about, only, by drawing up a charter, the wording of which denies the right of the controlling stockholders to freeze out the smaller ones by issuing bonds, selling out at a seeming loss, and other tactics which, it is deplorable to say, are legally employed within the limits of our own staid Massachusetts law. Being the pioneer stock company organ- izer, where all investors are protected as they should be, Mr. Kimball has won much admiration from the investing pub- lic. For some time, he has been engaged 104 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED in the electrical business, hav- ing assisted in the organiza- tion and pro- motion of the Van Choate Electric Co., whose large works are at Foxboro, Mass. This company claim to be the owners of the original legiti- mate patents governing the entire field of transmission in light and power of the systems in use in the present day ; also possessing a new method which embod- ies the inven- tion of a new unit, which excels the knowledge of elec- trical scientists ioo per cent. The com- pany was started without a dollar, and chartered under the laws of Maine, the corporation laws of which state, Mr. C. HENRY KIMBALL. Kimball claims are the fairest to stockholders of any state in the union. The company is now capitalized it $ 0,000,000, and there are 2,000 stock- holders. The electrical plant at Foxboro is owned by the only electrical companywhere the smallest stockholder is insured the same rights as the largest. Mr. Kimball planned and built on Wash- ington avenue, one of Chel- sea's handsome residences. He is a member of the Review club, a Royal Arch Mason, and is also enrolled in the Knights of Honor. He is a member of the Order of Fraternal Helpers and the Boston Fruit and Pro luce exchange, the RESIDENCE PLANNED AND BUILT BY C. HENRY KIMBALL. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 105 last of which he was one of the organizers. In his study of corporations and their methods, Mr. Kimball has rendered an inestimable service to the general public, which as people become educated in investments, will be felt in years to come. A. J. Savage. Thirty years' residence in Chelsea, during which time he took an active part in church work, has made Andrew J. Savage a m a n highly esteemed. He was born in Woolwich, Maine, Feb- ruary 2,1834, the oldest of eleven chil- dren. When he was quite young his parents re- moved to Windsor , Ke nnebec county, where h e was af- forded t h e advantages of t h e district school of fifty years ago. When about eighteen, he went to sea, but after one voyage, became engineer of a stationary engine at Gardiner, Me. In 1855, he joined the steamship " Joseph Whitney," of the Boston & Baltimore line of the Merchants & Miners Trans. Co. With slight interruptions he remained in the service of this company for eighteen years, rising to the position of chief engi- neer of an ocean steamer after passing through the several grades. During the war, while engineer of the steamship S.R. ANDREW J. SAVAGE. Spaulding, his steamer was chartered and subsequently purchased by the government and transported General Butler and his staff, with baggage, from New Orleans to New York. Later, in 1864, the steamer was sent up the James river, under flag of truce, to City Point to exchange prisoners. The most exciting event which he remembers in connection with this serv- ice was in running the gauntlet of a masked bat- tery on the James river, having twen- ty-sevenshells shot at the ship at the close range of one quarter mile, where not a soul was hurt. In 1865, Mr. Savage was transferred to the steamship George Apold, built to replace those char- tered by the gov e r n m e n t and finally re- sumed mak- i n g regular trips for the line, serving o n her as chief engineer for seven years. He a f t e rward s superintend- ed the building of the steamship Wm. Crane, a propellor of 1,500 tons, of which he was chief engineer. He remained in the service of the company until appointed United States local inspector of steam vessels, in 1873, by George S. Boutwell, secretary of the treasury. His valuable service to the government in the quarter of a century he has filled his present responsible position is fully recognized and appreciated, both by the government io6 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED and by the merchant marine. He als i holds the position of examiner in the use of steam for the state civil service com- mission. Having resided continuously in one house on Hawthorn street for twenty years, he has many happy remembrances of Chelsea and her people. He has been for twenty years a member of the Central Congregational church, serving almost continuously on its advisory board, clerk of the church for four years and deacon for five. He was connect- ed with the S u n d a y school as a teacher fo r fifteen years, assistant sup- erintenden t one year and super in ten - dent t w o years . H e has been vice- pr e s i - dent of the Winnisimmet Benev o 1 en t society for the last five years, is a member o f the Pilgrim fathers and su st a ining member o f the Y. M. C. A. He has an interest in all that per- tains to the good of Chelsea, especially on the no-license question. Much of his present good standing he attributes to his helpmeet, especially in the rearing, training and edu- cating of their children who have graduated with honors from the Chelsea High school, the son also graduating as a mechanical engineer from the Massachusetts Insti- tute of Technology and now superintend- ing engineer for the United Stales light house board, residing on Franklin avenue. Hen. Alfred C. Converse. HON. A. C. CONVERSE. The paternal ancestor of the Converse family in this country was probably no stranger to the present location of the city of Chelsea. Deacon Edward Con- vess, or Converse, was a member of the party that came in the fleet with Coventor Winthrop in 1630, receiving in the fol- lowing year a charter for the first ferry from Boston t o Charles- town. He was also prominent in the affairs of church and state, then so closely allied. The subject of this article was born in Rindge, N . H . , March 1 7, 1S27, his father being a prosperous farmer who was also con- nected with the woolen i ndus t r y . Educated in the public schools and at New Ips- w i c h acad- emy, young C on v e r s e later taught school in his native town and in Town- send and Fitchburg, Mass., in the inter- vals of farming and working in the mill. In 1850, he removed to New York city and began work as a type founder. Four years later, his notable experiments in the then new art of electrotyping came to the attention of Phelps & Dalton, a leading Boston concern, and his services were successfully sought. As employee and partner, this relation continued until 1892, when the valuable property and CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 107 magnificent patronage was disposed of to the syndicate which now controls the entire American output of this character. For some time he was engaged in the manufacture of fire alarm machinery and is also largely interested at the present time in the reed chair industry. He is the owner of the celebrated Columbia Lithia spring at Revere. He is a repub- lican and held a seat in the common coun c i 1 in 1877. He was chosen an alderman in 1889 and was re-elect- ed the follow- ing year. In 1 8 9 1 , Mr. Converse was chosen may- or, his major- ity over Hon. D . Frank K i 111 b a 11 reaching 762, a n d was given a see- on d t e r m by another flattering vote. During his adminis- tration i m - portant finan- cial measures of direct value to the city were put through, in- cluding the compul s o r y investment of the sinking fund in the municipality's bonds. Numerous street improvements and new sewers were projected and com- pleted and suitable legislation touching upon the question of electric car fenders provided for. Much of the agitation for the revision of the city charter occured at this time, and the desired reforms had a warm advocate in Mayor Converse. But the crowning triumph of the years was the successful pressing on the part of the city government, under the lead of the mayor, for an act of the legislature which should forever do away with the most threatening grade crossing on Chelsea bridge, this being accomplished against the opposition of the most potent ele- ments. Mr. Converse has long been identified with the First Congregational church and is a thorough temperance man. His business sagacity and his uprightness long demon- strated, h i s present standing fol- 1 o w s as a matter of course. Hon. Arthur B. Champlin. HON. ARTHUR B. CHAMPLIN An ex-may- or of Chelsea and one who has had his full share of political hon- ors is Arthur B. Champlin. He is a native o f Chelsea, and for sev- eral years was the publisher of the Chel- sea Gazette. He began his public career in 1 S 7 8 , when elected to the com- mon council, in which body he served for seven years, the last two of which he was elected president, being the youngest man in the history of the city to fill that office. In the fall of 1887, he was elected to the state legislature, and served as a member and clerk on the committee on street railways. Being re-elected the fol- lowing year, he served as a member and clerk on the committee on towns. In 188S, he was chosen mayor of Chelsea, his ioS CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED first term being endorsed by his re-election the year after. During his administration the city gained many important improve- ments : electric lights were introduced, several miles of sewer and water pipe and brick sidewalks were laid, police and fire departments re-organized and the tax rate lowered. While mayor, he was nom- inated and elected senator from the first Suffolk district, and upon taking his seat in the senate, wa s m a d e chairman of the commit- tee on liquor law, and a member of those on pub- lic charitable institu t i o n s a n d public service. He served two terms in the senate. Some few years since, he dis- posed of his interest in the ( la/ette and has since been manager of theColum- b i a Li th i a spring at Revere where he now re- sid e s , also looking after the affairs <>f Hon. A. C. C on vers e . Mr. Champ- lin is a member of a large number of social and fraternal organizations, and while resi ling in Chelsea, was one of the trustees of the Walnut street M. E. church and a member of the Y. M. ('. A. Tin. to by I'nuly. JUDGE FRANK E. FITZ Judge Frank E. Fitz. A son of the late Hon. Eustice C. and Sarah Jane (Blanchard) Eitz is the sub- ject of this sketch. He was born at Cambridge, November 15, 1857. When he was quite young his father took up his residence in Chelsea. He was a man of large business interests and unbounded generosity and gave to the city the free public library known as the Fitz public library, of which an illustration is shown on a previous page and on another that of the donor. Young Frank graduated in the grammar and high schools of this city and a ft er wards attended and received the degree of A. 11. from Brown uni- versity in 1880. Choos- ing the legal profession he attended the Boston Uni- versity Law school, a n d gr adu a t ed therefrom in 1883. He was admitted to the bar the following month and commenced practice, hav- i n g gained much experi- ence, while attending law school, in the office of the well - known law firm of Hyde, Dick- inson & Howe. He soon became a familar figure in the courts and built up a practice which has grown to be a most lucrative one. His reputation as a suc- cessful corporation lawyer has been attained by the zealous manner in which he looks after the interests of his clients. He is retained on many large cases and his services are availed of principally in the higher courts. He was appointed special justice of the police court of CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 109 Chelsea by Governor Russell and fre- quently presides over that court. Judge Fitz comes of good old New England stock, his ancestry being active in the war of 18 1 2, the American revolution and the early Indian wars. He is a member of the Review club and the college frater- nity known as the Delta Kappa Epsilon. He was married in November, 1884, to Adelaine Frances, daughter of David S 1 a d e , of Chelsea, and resides with his fa m i 1 y which in- cludes three boys on Clark avenue. His s u m m e r home is at Wakefield. In his relig- ious prefer- ment he is a Baptist. Charles G. Roberts. Through his long con- tinued busi- nessrelations, not only in Boston and New England but through- out a large section of the entire coun- try, Mr. Rob- erts has be- Photo by Pur.ly. come one of the best known men, in his line, in the United States. He was born in the town of Lyman, Me., in 1846, of revolutionary stock on both sides, his paternal grand- father having enlisted in 1774, when only twenty-one years old, and fought in the battle of Bunker Hill. His more remote ancestors came from England, and set- tled near Dover, New Hampshire, from whence Captain Jeremiah Roberts, his great-grandfather, removed to Lyman in CHARLES G. ROBERTS 1778. The farm at the latter place is still in possession of members of the Roberts family, the house, now standing, being nearly 100 years old. Mr. Roberts received his education at both public and private schools, and when eighteen years of age determined to seek his fortune at the New England metropolis. Coming to Boston, he secured a position with the house of N. Boynton & Co., dealers in cotton duck. He remained with this con- cern for four year s , an d then became a salesman for the pro- d u c e an d com mission house of Ben- nett, Rand & Co., here be- ginning t h e acquisition of a thorough knowledge of the fruit and produce busi- ness, in which line he has been engaged ever since with success. He remained with Bennett, Rand & Co. for eleven years, leaving them to form the firm of Patch & Rob- erts in 1862, so continuing to the present time. No concern of its line stands higher in the estimation of the trade. Besides the large volume of business transacted en- tirely within this and adjoining states, the firm is a heavy receiver of butter, eggs and poultry from the west, and of pine- apples direct from the growers. Mr. Roberts has resided in Chelsea for twenty years, and has taken a lively interest in municipal affairs. He was elected to the CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED common council in 18S4, serving two terms in that body and three in the board of aldermen, carrying business methods into political life. He is one of the trus- tees of the Chelsea Savings bank and a prominent member of two of the business associations of Boston, which exert so potent an influence in almost every phase of public interest : — the Boston Chamber of commerce and the Boston Fruit and Produce ex- change. He was a charter member o f the latter or- ganization a n d served as vice-presi- d ent a n d president in 1S91-2 re- spectively. The Fruit and Produce exchange has exerted a strong influ- ence in se- curing for Boston more adequate tran sporta- tion facilities between Bos- ton and the South a n d West. He is prominent in Masonic cir- cles, being a member o f Robert Lash lodge, Royal Ar<h chapter and Palestine commandcrv. He is a member of the Review club. In [873, he married Serena A. Morgan, of Surry, Maine, and has two children. Photo by Purdy. E. B. Putnam. This member of the Massachusetts dis- trict police was born in Putnamville, Jan- uary 23, [846, educated in the district and Holten high schools of Danvers. After serving one year at the printer's trade in the office of the old South Dan- vers Wizzard, he enlisted in Company F., 23d Massachusetts volunteers, being then but sixteen years of age. He served thirty-eight months. After the close of the war, he went to southern Indiana, where for three years he was engaged in the jobbing boot and shoe trade. Later, he went to Ipswich and started the Ipswich Ad- vance, the first news- paper printed in that town. Some years after, he en- gaged in the job-printing business i n Bru n s w i c k , Maine, where he remained for two years. He then removed t o Danvers and began pu b - Hshing the Danvers Ad- vance. Sev- eral years ago he was the fortunate in- ventor of Putna m ' s Coin R o 1 - eaux, the best device for rapid putting up of coin, which is used extensive 1 y throughout the country. Mr. Putnam was first appointed a member of the Mas- sachusetts district police by Governor Greenhalge in 1894, being reappointed by Governor Wolcott, his district com- prising Norfolk and Plymouth counties. He married Eleanor R. Putnam, of Dan- vers, a prominent member of the Daugh- ters of the revolution and the present treasurer of the Winnisimmet chapter. He has one daughter. Edweena R. Putnam, B. PUTNAM. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED the first member to receive her papers entitling her to membership in the junior auxiliary of the Daughters of the Revolu- tion in Chelsea. Mr. Putnam is a charter member of the W. S. Hancock command, and has held the office of deputy com- mander-in-chief in the Union Veterans union. He has resided in Chelsea for a score of years, and his home on Fremont avenue is one of the newer first-class houses of this city. Edward P. Lincoln. This resident of Chelsea is employed i n the Boston post-office and distingui shed from the fact that he is pres- ident of t h e national asso- ciation of post- office clerks of the United States, to which office he was elected Sept- ember, 1897. He was born in Bath, Maine, November n, 1 86 1. When h e w a s four years old his parents re- moved to Chel- s e a . He, therefore, was educated in the public schools of this city, and with the exception of four years in infancy he has continuously resided here. He entered the postal service in 1 88 7, when he successfully passed the examinations, promptly received an ap- pointment and was assigned to duty in the registry division as a registry receiv- ing clerk in the Boston post-office. While it has now extended throughout the United States, his popularity among the postal clerks was first significantlv EDWARD P. LINCOLN shown by his election as treasurer of the Boston Postoffice Clerk's Mutual Benefit association, which organization he assist- ed materially in bringing to its present substantial standing. His creditable work for that association the following year won him the election as president, and in 1896 he was re-elected without opposi- tion. At the convention of the national association of post-office clerks, held in St. Paul, September, 1895, he was dele- gate-at-1 a r g e represe n t i n g the Boston a s s o c i a tion. While attend- ing this con- vention he was unanim o u s 1 y elected treas- ,*&ftjk I nrer of the jBtVWF national asso ciation of post- office clerks, which office he held for two yea r s . His strength as a candidate and the esteem in which he is held through- out the coun- try were duly shown w h e n he became nominated for president o f the association i n opposition t o Benjamin Parkhurst, his predecessor, who had held the office for five consecutive years. Mr. Lin- coln is profoundly interested in the organization in which he is the head and possessing sagacity as an organizer, is highly regarded by all who know him. He has for many years served on the ward and city committee in Chelsea. He is a prominent member of the New England order of Pilgrim Fathers and a past regent in the Roval Arcanum. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED John G. Low. In Chelsea is the largest establishment in the world devoted to the manufacture of high-grade art tiles. The products of the Low Art Tile company, to which is referred, are the result of the labors of John G. Low, the founder of the enter- prise. Mr. Low laid an excellent foun- dation for his life work in the several years which he devoted to the study of painting in l'aris. Sev- eral years ago he re- alized the field for practical, yet artistic fictile goods, and in 1878, in association w i t h his father, John Low, found- ed in Chelsea the nucleus of the pres- ent concern. The great Philadelphia centenni a 1 had then but recently closed, and a n interest h a d bee n a w akened t h e r e b y which gave this n e w effort an immediate acceptance. From the very beginning a new order of tiles has been produced and the Low goods are now known and recognized through- out the world as of the first merit. As early in the firm's career as 1880, prizes were received for the goods in England, over the competition of home workmen with years of prestige behind them. In I ranee and Spain, also, medals have been awarded, while in our own country these Phi ito by Purdy. JOHN G. LOW. goods are so far in the lead as to practi- cally monopolize the market. Former tiles have been made to seem crude by the great variety and attractiveness of these products, comprising as they do, such a multitude of shape, size and design. They are adapted to form parts of every- day goods, such as stoves, clocks, furni- ture, candle sticks, paper weights, ash trays, etc. In the construction of soda fountains, however, is the art seen at its best, the massive and beautiful panels form- ing designs long to be remembered. Here, as in every other use to which they are put, the ideas of artistic qual- ity has n t yielded t o sterling merit and both are equally ap- parent. John F. Low, son of the subject of this sketch is connected w i t h the works. Being an expert chemist, he has in charge the color department, where are prepared the beautiful tints and shades which appear in the multitude of Low tiles scattered throughout the world. Mr. Low is widely known in the business world and is held in high regard as a resident of Chelsea. The industry which he founded has not only brought interna- tional fame to this city, but has furnished regular employment to a large number of well-paid hands. He is a member of the board of park commissioners. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED ll 3 Hon. C. A, Campbell. This well-known citizen of Chelsea is the senior member of the firm of C. A. Campbell & Co., a concern which has done ranch to make the city important as a distributing point for the coal supply of this section of the country. The firm's wharves are most extensive, have a loca- tion of unsurpassed convenience, and are among the best in New England as regards the latest appli- ances for the handling of coal in im- mense quan- tities with as great des- patch as pos- sible. It is probable that the amount of coal annu- ally handled at the Camp- bell wharves i n Chelsea compares f a v o r a b 1 y with that of the largest concerns in the state. Like many other Chel- sea business m en, Mr. C a m p b e 1 1 was born in Boston, that event occurring November 6th, 1837. When two years of age he removed to this city with his parents, and attended the public schools, completing his course by graduating from the high school. Attracted by the then little known west, Mr. Campbell, soon after school days, took up his residence in Chicago and engaged in the lumber trade, remaining there for four years. Returning to Chel- sea, he began the coal business in cora- HON. C. A. Photo by Purely, Toston. pany with his father, the location being the same as that he now occupies. Mr. Campbell was a leader in the stirring scenes incident to the sending of troops to the front in the early days of the civil war, and in 1S62 volunteered as one of 100 young men from Chelsea who went to the front as company G, Fortieth Mass. volunteers — a part of the city's contribution to the defence of the union. He served in the army of the Potomac and in the D e partment of the South. Among the engagements in which he was a partic- ipant were the struggles about Charl- eston, S. C, and the cap- ture of the harbor a n d the fall of Fort Wagner, rising to sergeant, r egi m ental quarter -mas- ter sergeant and commis- sioned lieu- tenant. I n the early spring of 1864, illness c o m p e 1 led him to return to the north. Recovering, he was commissioned by Gov. Andrew a captain for the recruiting ser- vice. He naturally takes a great inter- est in the welfare of veteran soldiers, is a member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion and has been an officer of Theodore Winthrop post, G.A.R. Among his other fraternal connections are those with Robert Lash lodge of Masons, and Winnisimmet lodge, I. O. O. F. Mr. Campbell has been a Republican from CAMPBELL. ' 14 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED the very birth of the party, and was a member of the common council from 1868 to 1872, and an alderman in 1873 and 1875. In 1883 he was chosen to the upper branch of the state legislature from a district that had previously been strongly democratic. He is prominent in the Review club, of which he is an ex-presi- dent, and is one of the trustees of the Fitz Public library. He is vice-president of the County Savings bank, and one of the directors of the First National bank, Winnisimmet company, Metropolitan Coal and has two children: Mrs. Albert I). Bosson and a son, Jeremiah Campbell, who is associated with his father in business. The Chelsea Gas Light Company. both the gas and electric lighting of this city, and a portion of Everett known as Mt. Washington, are provided by the service of the Chelsea (das bight com- pany. The gas works, since noticeably enlarged and improved, were built in RESIDENCE OF HON. C. A. CAMPBELL. company, Chelsea Y. M. C. A., and holds many other positions of honor and trust. His interest in public affairs has always been that of a business man who has made an undoubted success of his own private affairs : and the common service has always been the gainer by his giving his time to its welfare. In April, 1S98, he sold to the government the steamship Sterling for transporting troops and am- munition in the war with Spain. Mr. Campbell was united in marriage in Jan- uary, [861, to Miss Lavinia Hutchinson, 1852 when the present company was organized. In 1S89 the Chelsea fran- chise of the Citizens Electric Light com- pany of East Boston was purchased, since when the company has furnished electric lighl and power as well. The plant. which includes the gas works and electric light station, occupies the full square bounded by Williams, Auburn. Spru< e and Cypress streets. besides the retort house, purifying house, and coal sheds of seemingly endless capacity, there are two gas holders with a combined capacity of CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 1 1; n6 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED \*ii% w 1 ' \> CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 117 250,000 feet. Pure coal gas is made and there are about 2,000 consumers. The company have laid in this city thirty-eight miles of pipe, and in the past eighteen years the price has been gradually reduced from S3. 00 to Si. 50 per thousand net. The electric light department of the com- pany is equipped with the most modern dynamos and generators, including seven fifty arc dynamos, one 1,300 light T. H. alternating current incandescent dynamo, and one of 650 ; one Westinghouse of 1,000 and one Stanley of 400. For sup- superior quality to that used in larger cities. It is produced at greater cost, contains less poisonous ingredients, has more body and more lasting burning qualities. Through this company, there- fore, Chelsea people are furnished with light as cheap in proportion to the quality of the gas as in any city in the country. The office is in the Academy of Music block, Winnisimmet square, where they have handsomely fitted up counting rooms and where there are exhibited fine speci- mens of gas stoves, sold to the consumers rftitfi ELECTRIC LIGHTING STATION, CHELSEA GASLIGHT CO. plying motive power for stores and fac- tories, the company is especially well equipped with generators. For this pur- pose there are at their station : one T. H. 500 volt, 100 h. p., one Westinghouse 500 volt, 100 h. p., one General Electric 500 volt, 400 h. p. The company sup- plies about 250 arc lights to the city, and has a capacity for furnishing 3,350 incan- descent lights. The management is now controlled by Chelsea men. and its policy has ever been a fair minded and progress- ive one. It is a known fact that the gas dispensed by this company is of a much at their actual cost. The company's cap- ital stock is 5300,000. The officers are : J. K. Montgomery, president : A. D. Bosson, vice-president ; George W. Moses, treasurer and general manager. These three, with Francis Low and Thos. Martin, comprise the board of directors. The company employ from thirty-five to forty men, F. H. Chapel being superintendent of the electric department, and H. H. Kellev of the gas department. At the counting room are employed, David J. Coburn, chief clerk, and Thos. B. Wilder, assistant clerk. riX CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED American Circular Loom Company. This concern adds distinction to Chel- sea, as it is the only one manufacturing flexible tubing for encasing electric wire in the world. The corporation now con- ducts a busy plant, and furnishes employ- ment to sixty hands. It was founded in 1889, and the present factory, since greatly improved and noticeably enlarged, has been occupied for the past five years. A >i\ty h. p. boiler and fifty h. p. engine are required to furnish motive power. The product of the factory is an improved and that in modern buildings the material is considered both desirable and neces- sary. The conduit made by this company has a great advantage, in its flexibility, over tubes previously furnished for the purpose, which were of the rigid type and necessarily connected at short intervals by metal sleeves and moulded, rigid elbows. By the use of the flexible tube, these objectionable and inconvenient joints are entirely done away with, and its flexibility allows of bends at any radius, at the will of the constructor. The con- duit is made of a spiral of the best insu- FACTORY, AMERICAN CIRCULAR LOOM CO., MARGINAL ST. appliance for electric wiring, the good results accomplished having brought the material into universal favor among arch- itects and builders the country over. The latest catalogue issued by the company presents illustrations of several of the largest and most costly of American build- ings, and a list of a thousand and more leading hotels, apartment houses, theatres, business blocks, schools, churches, hospi- tals, residences, yachts and steamers, all of which have been fitted with the material made by this company, showing that the concern has won a national reputation, lating fibre, wound with heavy para rubber friction tape : over this is a continuous woven jacket of cotton, similar to that in use in the ordinary hose, but with much finer stitch, giving it the quality of strong canvas. The tube is saturated with insu- lating compound, care being taken that none shall touch the inside fibre, leaving the inside smooth and hard. Then, after being rolled in powered mica, a flexible, waterproof and fireproof tube is produced. The tube is finished in lengths most suited for convenient use, and in different inside diameters. A lead covered tube is also CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED made by this company for underground and submarine work. The goods are both approved and specified by the Un- derwriters International Electrical Associ- ation. The growth of the business is steadily increasing, and the company is the Boston Electroduct company. In the manufacture of the flexible tube, between eight and nine million feet of tubing were produced at the Chelsea factory during 1897. The officers of the company are : A. T. Clark, treasurer, Newton Centre ; 1 ■?-<-* ri 13 r 1 1 11 u_ l if - ~> HOTEL LORRAINE, PHILADELPHIA. EQUIPPED WITH FLEXIBLE TUBE BY AMERICAN CIRCULAR LOOM CO J. S. Wilson, manufacturer, Chelsea, and H. H. Brooks, manager, West Medford. about to start a branch plant at Beaver Falls, Pa., for the manufacture of an enamelled metal electric conduit, the best known combination produced for running electric wires in fireproof buildings. This company has offices in New York and ( )n the subject of wall paper, much can Chicago, and are also selling agents for be said to the credit of Chelsea who Trios. Strahan & Co. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED WALL PAPER FACTORY, THOS. STRAHAN & CO. INTERIOR THOS. STRAHAN & CO.S FACTORY SHOWING TWELVE COLOH PRINTING MACHINE. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 123 proudly boasts of possessing, in the above concern, the only factory in New England making fine goods for the interior deco- ration of the modern building. The factory was started in Chelsea in 18S5 in a small way by Thus. Strahan, and its product first was intended only for the retail store of the firm on Part street, Boston. The first location of the plant was on Marginal street, where the small factory first occupied soon became too small to meet requirements. Twelve years ago the present factory, shown in the accompanying engraving, the dimen- sions of which are 300 by 50 feet, was erected, and as soon as completed was moved into. The factory possesses good shipping facilities — a spur track from the main line of the B. & M. R. R. adjoining the property. The factory is fitted for the manufacture of the highest class of goods, and the concern ranks with the best in the world in its line. In the matter of shipment abroad, the firm adds credit to American skill, as their goods are extensively used in Germany, the home of the wall paper industry, that nation being among the first to make wall paper, the amount of wall paper made in Germany being of a more sombre color- ing. The goods of the concern are used throughout the United States for the largest and most costly buildings, also in this country. The White House at Wash- ington, the Vanderbilt houses and a large majority of the highest class hotels and resiliences are adorned with the product of the factory here in Chelsea. It is felt that no little distinction is hereby gained through the artistic emanations of the above firm. The factory in which is still used the old method of hand printing, on heavy designs, is fitted with the latest improved machinery, many of the ma- chines in use there being from ideas advanced by Mr. Strahan, whose reputa- tion for taste and progressiveness in his line of manufacturing is second to none in this country or probably in Europe. The possibilities and capacities of some of the machines in the factory are almost astounding. One printing machine in particular, shown in appended illustration, which is one of the largest of the kind in the country, prints twelve colors at one impression and has a capacity for printing 5,000 rolls daily, thereby taking the place of a large number of workmen under the old process. While this would seem to be a disadvantage to the workmen, it is stated on good authority that there are now many times more men employed in the wall paper factories of the country than before the advent of these wonderful machines, while goods are turned out within the reach of the purchasing public. Previously, when the same were made by hand, only the very wealthy were able to buy the grades of wall paper now pur- chased by those of even limited means. That the factory here in Chelsea does its full share would seem evident to anyone who visits the busy plant. Mr. Strahan has for many years made this city his home, being prominent in all affairs con- cerning the welfare of Chelsea, serving as mayor and residing in one of the finest of Boston suburban homes on Bellingham hill. The plant, which has increased largely in the past few years through his energy and business ability, has a capacity of 30,000 rolls of wall paper daily. In presenting designs to the trade, they are usually in the lead, keeping up with the yearly changes in patterns, designs and styles. Wall papers are here made in all the high grades, including satins, silks, embossed goods and velvets, etc. The concern is represented on the Pacific slope and in the South, and has perma- nent offices in Boston, New York, Chicago and Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. T. Martin & Bro. Both Thomas and William Martin are closely identified with the great develop- ment of the elastic fabric industry in the United States, the business in which they are associated having grown from the stage where twelve hands were employed to the requiring of the steady services of nearly 400 persons, with five mills in Chelsea, one at Mansfield, Ohio, and for- merly conducted another in Canada. The concern is now incorporated. Thomas Martin is a native of Leicestershire, Eng- land, and was apprenticed to his trade at 124 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED ,<» HM ■ ft, A THOMAS MARTIN. an early age, and when twenty three years old was engaged by an American syndicate to manage a mill at Easthamp- ton, Mass., then the only one of its kind in the country. After three years he came to Chel- sea in a similar position and began business for himself nine years later. He was for seven years president of the First National bank, and is presi- dent and one of the founders of the Provident Co-operative bank, a trustee of the Chelsea Savings bank, vice-president of the Frost hospital, and was formerly a trustee of Pates college, Lewiston, Me. Ik- has been a councilman and an alderman several terms and was a member of the legisla- ture in 1883. The Horace Memorial, now used as a place of worship by Chelsea Free Baptists, was erected by Mr. Martin in memory of his eldest son. who died in the springof 1885. William Martin came to America at the same time as did his brother, and has resided in Chelsea since 1866, coming here as an expert to manage the wea\ ing department of the Poston Elastic Fabric company. He is a member of the present board of aldermen, is active in the board of trade, and one of the trus- tees of the Chelsea Savings bank. He is eminent commander Palestine Com. K. 'P., past high priest R. A. C. of the Shekinah, and past thrice illustrious master of Napthali council. The Martin products are sent throughout the world, the goods including cotton, silk, suspender, garter and truss webbing. The output is in excess of 10,000,000 yards of web yearly. A general store is maintained at 108 Worth street, New York city, from which point immense quantities of goods are disposed of to dealers in all directions. Poth the Messrs. Martin were born in the centre of the webbing industry in the old world, and there laid the foundation for the triumph which has attended their efforts in their adopted land. Their portraits, re- sidences and factories presented herewith. RESIDENCE OWNED EY THOS. MARTIN, FRANKLIN AVE. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED WILLIAM MARTIN. William S. Hixcn. William S. Hixon has been a Massachusetts since his twent removing here from his native town of Cornwall, N. Y., in 1868. His education was re- ceived in the Cornwall public schools. He began the provi- sion business in 1872 at the Washington market, Boston. A fine trade was built up. Seven years later Mr. Hixon changed his employment to the extent of becoming a wholesale com- mission merchant. Here, also, he achieved a marked success and continued until 1884, when he became interested in the manufacture of soap-stone and soon after decided to give his entire time to this business, which he has since done. He experienced three years of serv- ice in the United States navy, enlisting January 17, 1S64, and serving on the monitor Rhode Island, the Saratoga and the gunboat Chimo. He is greatly interested in the Grand Army citizen of ieth vear, and several times has acted as a dele- gate to the annual National Conven- tion. He is a member of the Royal Arcanum and has been treasurer of Temple Council of this order. He has other business connections than those before named, being treasurer of the Cone Axle company and president of the Collett Car Brake company. He was a member of the Chelsea Common Council in 1S77 and of the lower branch of the Legislature in 1888-9, where he served on the committee on harbors and public lands. He is now a member of the Chelsea board of aldermen. His political career, while not particularly extensive, has ever been marked by the same conscientious care which one would give his own immediate business. To the former he brought also the inherent ability by which he has made a complete success of his mercantile life, in all the varying lines into which his versatility has lead him. The City of Chelsea is the gainer, as would be any municipality, by the residence of men of such scope, resource and force. Mr. Hixon was married in Boston, Dec. RESIDENCE OF WILLIAM MARTIN, FRANKLIN AVE. I 26 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 127 WORKS OF LOW ART TILE COMPANY. 11, 1S75, t0 Miss Martha L., daughter of From this union four children have been Ezekiel and Martha (Ring) Andrews. born. SWETT CAR WHEEL AND FOUNDRY COMPANY'S WORKS, GEORGE B. SWETT, PROPRIETOR. 128 :helsea illustrated ALFRED HOPKINS. Boston Gore & Web Mfg. Co. Alfred Hopkins, founder and treasurer of the Boston Gore & Web Manufacturing ( '<>., was horn in Leicester, England, which place was considered the depot of the EDMUND A. HOPKINS. world for elastic webs. He came to this country in 1S62, during the war, and was one of the pioneers of the goring business in this country. He was one of the man- agers of the Goodyear Elastic Fabric Co., which was in Easthampton. Mass., and FACTORY, BOSTON GORE &. WEB MFG. CO. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 1 29 stayed with them until the expiration of their patent. He then went to Waterbury, Conn., to take charge of the American Suspender Co. of that city, and has been in the goring and suspender business, principally goring, ever since that time. In 1S80 he came to Chelsea and started the Eastern Elastic Gussett Co., in which T. Martin & Bros, were interested. In 1892 he sold out to the Hub gore makers, and in 1893 started the Boston Gore & Web Mfg. Co., manufacturing shoe goring and corset webs, also truss webs, bandage hands and make a specialty of the follow- ing : wood-working machinery, machine castings of all kinds, sewer rings and covers of every description ; round and square catch basin and man hole covers, sewer traps, etc., water pipe elbows, sleeves and repair and jobbing pipe. New England Vaccine Co. Embraced in the diversity of Chelsea's industries is the production of vaccine, the world-renowned preventative against SK.LOVEVVf MACHINE SHOP AND FOUNDRY, S. K. LOVEWELL & CO. webs, etc., for surgical purposes. The present officers are : Edmund A. Hopkins, president, Alfred Hopkins, treasurer, and Frank H. Curry, secretary. The Boston office is at 139 Summer street. S. K. Lovewell & Co. This large concern is located at 92S-934 Broadway, Chelsea, where they operate a large foundry and machine shop, the buildings of which are shown in accom- panying engraving. They employ fifty smallpox. In the New England Vaccine company, therefore, is possessed a con- cern whose operations are not only unique, but extend throughout the country in arming America against the possibility of contracting the terrible disease its vaccine prevents. Perhaps few realize how for- tunate are they who live in this progressive nineteenth century compared to those who were our forefathers and antecedents. The destructive plague, smallpox, has not been visited upon New England cities in the past few years, although its ravages in i3° CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 131 this country, from Maine to California, not many years ago, were appalling. It is learned that no definite knowledge of the origin of this disease, now guarded against with such vigilance, has ever been discovered by writers on the subject ; but histories and traditions of eastern nations claim its commencement was before the Christian era. According to Dr. Wm. C. Cutler's researches, smallpox appeared in Egypt, A. D. 544, although it is believed by some writers that Philo, a Jewish phil- osopher, mentioned it in a work of the have averaged about 3,000 victims to each million of inhabitants. In France, 30,000 perished yearly and in the Russian empire it was so malignant as to have cut off 2,000,000 inhabitants in a single year. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, not a decade passed without an occurrence of fearful smallpox epidemics, and in England, from seven to nine per cent of all the deaths were due to it. It is further quoted, that during the sixteenth century, in Mexico alone, 3,500,000 per- sons died of smallpox, and in 1734 nearly OFFICE, NEW ENGLAND VACCINE CO. life of Moses, written earlier than the first century. It is a known fact that the disease spread into Asia and Africa during the sixth and seventh centuries and in- vaded Europe in the ninth and tenth centuries, being brought to Cuba and San Domingo soon after the discovery of America in 1492. In 1527 its victims numbered millions in Mexico, from which date it gradually extended over the whole western hemisphere. The mortality from smallpox in the countries of the world was then as much appalling as it is now astounding. In England, it is said to two-thirds of the population of Greenland were swept away, and in Iceland, 18,000 of a population of 50,000 died of this fearful epidemic. The disease is no respecter of rank or color, neither has history shown it to be confined to any one climate ; and before the introduction of vaccination, smallpox had for centuries become a permanent disease, never ceas- ing to break out seriously in any one year, and at longer or shorter intervals to become a great epidemic. In the epi- demic years, one-half of all mortality was caused from smallpox. Physicians CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED and governments possessed no means to stay this abominable evil, and from the widespread nature of the disease, isola- tion was impossible, in the country the mortality being greater than in the city. Men accepted the pest as an unavoidable fate. It was therefore when vaccination as a preventative was conceived of that the progress of the disease was arrested, and never until then. Notwithstanding that inoculation has for over a century and a half been practiced in England and America, and that it has broken out in fearful epidemics in remote parts of the fatal grasp. While the purport of this article is not to agitate the sale of either the liquid vaccine or the prepared points put up by the New England Vaccine company, the writer would venture to say that nine out of ten who congratulate themselves on taking good care of the bodies which the Almighty has given in their charge, have not been vaccinated since childhood. It is fortunate, perhaps, not only for this company, but more so for the health of these United States, that it is a national law prescribed by the board of health of each city and town, county BACTERIOLOGICAL LABORATORY, NEW ENGLAND VACCINE CO. country during the current year, there are few who realize the fearful possibilities of the disease should it break out in our midst. Medical science is yearly making rapid strides towards baffling this and kindred diseases, and though doubtless greater progress has been made in coping with smallpox than with yellow fever. Inoculation of vaccine produced today leaves no taint in the blood and is a posi- tive and impenetrable armor in resisting the bacteria of smallpox, so small and noiseless that human sense cannot tell of its presence until clasped in its oftentimes and state, that all children be vaccinated before being permitted to enter the public schools. This is as it should be, but it should go farther, making it compulsory for man ami woman to be sufficiently inoculated with vaccine to insure a com- plete armament against the invasion of smallpox. Doubtless few know it, but some people, in order to be prepared against possibilities, should be vaccinated every year or two, the average man about every five years. Science has proven that the object of vaccination is to kill the undefined element principle contained CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED *33 in every human body upon which the disease germ of smallpox subsists. The establishment of the New England Vaccine company in this city was one visited with great interest by the writer, and the pro- cess of securing the vaccine and preparing the same for the trade, is conducted with the utmost care. The incubating and oper- ating rooms where the virus is procured, are located on Everett avenue. The build- ing was erected in 1891-92, according to the ideas of Dr. Cutler. It contains all modern improvements, is lighted by electricity, heated by steam, with a direct The animals are in no sense abused, have good care, and after being vaccinated are much less liable to contract diseases com- mon to cattle. They are first combed, thoroughly scrubbed, then shaved, after- wards cleansed with an antiseptic and lanced, the wounds being soaked with corrosive. On the seventh day, they are brought into the operating room and the virus is taken from them. This runs from three to twenty-four hours ; it is therefore necessary for the animals to have constant watching and care. The quantity of virus procured from one cow varies from 1,000 OPERATING ROOM, NEW ENGLAND VACCINE CO. pipe to the sewer carrying away all refuse. The place is kept scrupulously clean and continuously moist. The floors are cemented, the walls are covered with eleven coats of zinc enamelled paint, making a formidable armament against the invasion of bacteria. The animals for securing the virus are young New England red cows from one and a half to three years old, being selected and kept until desired for the exclusive use of this company. Usually about three or four cows are in use at the establishment, each being retained as long as productive. to 5,000 points. The operating room, which is the personification of cleanliness, contains many ingenious contrivances for handling the animals during the process of taking from them the virus, including stanchions, swinging tables, etc. The virus points manufactured by the com- pany are of ivory, and are doubly dipped in the virus of two cows, then dried with electric fans. Of these points the com- pany usually carry a stock of 25,000. They also dispense virus in capillary tubes. Samples of these and the points are forwarded to health officers and others 134 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED desiring to test the production of the company, on application. The dispensa- tion of glycerinated vaccine virus is a new departure of this company that has received the unqualified endorsement of the most eminent bacteriologists in this country and Europe. This is put up in the laboratory of the concern which adjoins their offices on Broadway. It is prepared by macerating and triturating the pulp of vaccine vesicles in pure glycer- ine until they become a homogeneous mass. It is then tested upon a series of primary subjects. If these tests produce put up in (pulls, doubly and trebly dipped. The product of this company is sent all over the United States. It is the oldest, largest and one of the very few in this country. The company's orders are mostly received by telegram, and in case of an outbreak of small-pox in any remote part of the country, an almost unlimited number of points could be readily shipped. The virus dispensed by this company is guaranteed for one month and is thor- oughly and sufficiently tested before being applied to the trade. The laboratory con- tains the finest equipment possible in the INCUBATING ROOM, NEW ENGLAND VACCINE CO. characteristic vesicles, it is passed into the hands of the bacteriologist who exam- ines it from time to time until the glycer- ine renders it practically sterile. This condition obtains usually in from twenty- five to fort}' days. By this process each tube can be pronounced positively sterile and reliable The bacteriological labora- tory is under the care of a recent graduate of the Harvard Medical school, who has made this branch a specialty. For the convenience of the profession, virus is dispensed in tubes containing a sufficient aim nint for one vaccination. It is also way of microscopes and other scientific instruments, microscope in particular being one of the most costly and finest in the world. Recent shipments include 60,000 points to Birmingham, Ala., and 25,000 to Atlanta, (la. This industry was started in 1S71 by Dr. Win. C. Cutler, and since his graduation his son, Chas. N. Cutler, M. 1 >., has been associated with him, Wm. Stinson, M. D.V., of this city, being the veterinarian. The office and bacteriolog- ical laboratory are in the McCann build- ing, Chelsea. < His Clapp & Son, Boston, are large distributors of the points. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED J 35 Walker Brothers. This concern is engaged in dyeing fancy colors in yarns, etc., and manufac- tures household supplies under the name of the Walker Chemical & Extract Co. It is composed of E. H. and James Walker, and the business was established in i S 73. E. H. Walker was formerly connected with the Boston Elastic Fabric company, having charge of the dyeing department as an acknowledged expert in this line. James Walker, also, was brought up in this and the machinists' trade, and acquired the fullest reaching an immense volume. The firm is given a very high position among the best dyers of fancy colors in the United States, and the work turned out would do great credit to a much larger community than that in which the business is con- ducted. The household branch of the business was established three years ago and is now conducted under the style of the Walker Chemical & Extract company. Ammonia and bluing, with a full line of extracts of the highest quality, are pre- pared for use, and here was conceived the happy idea of putting up chloride of WORKS OF WALKER BROTHERS. knowledge of the same. This joining of talent could hardly fail to bring about the happy result which has followed the firm's endeavors in its field of work. Farther back, they came of a family of dyers, their father, James W. Walker, being a leader in the craft of Glasgow, Scotland. Their factory is located on Broadway, near the Revere line. Twenty thousand square feet of land are covered and steady employment is given to fifteen hands. An important feature of the business is the dyeing of fine yarns for large concerns in Lowell and other textile centres, the annual aggregate of this department alone potash in bottles, rather than in cans. The same success which has attended the older enterprise has marked the preparing of these, seemingly minor articles of household demand, but what are really of the utmost worth. From a small factory, in size, 20 x 30, the industry has devel- oped to its present proportions. A com- plete comprehension of the fundamentals, aided by native foresight, has had its certain result. Not scorning, in the days of small- things, to apply their own hands to the work which they, unaided, were able to accomplish, the Messrs. Walker have seen the expansion, with its attendant 136 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED responsibilities and rewards. Both mem- bers of the firm have resided in Chelsea for many years, and James Walker has served in both branches of the city gov- ernment, acting as chairman of the board of aldermen for one year, and in 1888 was a candidate for mayor. He is a director of the board of trade. Stickney, Tirrell & Co. Among the products of Chelsea's man- ufacture is that of whiting. The large and well-ordered factory of Stickney, Tirrell & Co. is located on Marginal street, near Willow street. The business of this con- cern was established a number of years interested, and since the combination of energy and capital, the concern has been conducted under the name of Stickney, Tirrell & Co. With their two mills, the firm are enabled to meet the demands of their large trade which extends not only through New England, but over the entire country. The product of these factories is made from the raw material, which is imported from Europe, the dock facilities at the Chelsea factory being especiallv advantageous in the transaction of the concern's business, in landing and ship- ping goods by vessel. Recently the only merchant vessel from London visiting Boston for many years, brought 1,100 tons of chalk for Messrs. Sticknev, Tirrell 1 ,, i ^3^ T~~ ' ^irgnMr'Hfi ™" 5 "■"' ftimmw' WHITING WORKS OF STICKNEY, TIRRELL & CO. ago by the senior member, J. W. Stickney, the factory first operated being situated at the corner of Marginal and Charles streets. In 1880 the works were entirely destroyed by fire, shortly after which the present factory was built, which is shown in the accompanying engraving. Until 1 89 1, business was continued by Mr. Stickney and his partner. At that time, Wm. Stickney, son of the senior, suc- ceeded the partnerupon his decease. As the business increased, the demand for greater facilities became evident, and led to the consolidation which united the plant of J. W. Stickney with that of F. N. Tirrell, the latter plant being located at East Boston. The combination of in- terests was proven advantageous to all & Co., discharging the same at the docks of their busy factory. The name of this firm is a synonym for reliability. About thirty men are employed. The Boston salesrooms are on Broad street. Both the Messrs. Stickney are well-known citizens of Chelsea, J. W. Stickney being a present member of the board of health, and one of the trustees of the Chelsea Savings bank. T. H. Buck & Co. This leading lumber concern, successors of Buck & Trussell and David II. Buck, and now conducted by Theodore H. Buck, has made Chelsea famous as a headquar- ters for all kinds of lumber and the manu- CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 137 facture of interior and exterior finish. The location of this large concern, at the corner of Pearl and Marginal streets, both as a receiving and distributing point, is as advantageous as any in the lumber busi- ness in New England, and its retail trade is considered fully as large. There are 85,000 feet of wharf property, alongside of which four vessels can unload at once. On the opposite side of Marginal street, the firm has acquired and occupy with their buildings, 17,000 additional feet of land. Beside the sheds, which are heated by steam, for kiln dried lumber, three commodious storehouses, large office and dry kilns, with a capacity of 150,000 feet, there is a three story mill, 80 x 100 feet, fitted with the most improved machinery ence for forty-five years, always maintain- ing an unquestioned reputation for relia- bility, this lumber firm has steadily grown and prospered, coming into the control of Theodore and George H. Buck in 1865. Since 1891, however, the former has been sole proprietor, although the business continues under the same firm name, T. H. Buck & Co. Mr. Buck is a native of Bucksport, Maine, and came to Chelsea when only four years of age, obtaining his education in the public schools. After the war broke out, he enlisted in Chelsea, a member of company G, 40th Mass. volunteers, and after its close engaged in his present business, which, under his efficient management, has increased to large proportions. He is a member of YARDS AND MILLS OF T. H. BUCK &. CO. for the manufacture of all kinds of interior and exterior finish. A 150 h. p. boiler and 200 h. p. engine furnish power for the plant. To the credit of the concern, it may be said that during the financial depression the mill has, on the average, operated mostly on full time, in this respect being more fortunate than others in its line. A hundred hands are given constant and remunerative employment ; and, in the busy seasons, sixty horses are required to deliver lumber. All kinds of hard and soft lumber, as well as clapboards, shingles, laths, etc., are dealt in, and the business of the firm radiates within fifty miles of its establishment. Beside the home office in Chelsea, a Boston office is maintained at 166 Devonshire street, and an evening office at Maiden. Having been in exist- the Theodore Winthrop post, G. A. R., a trustee of the Chelsea Savings bank, a thirty-second degree Mason and a mem- ber of the Master Builders' association. Montgomery & Howard. Chelsea's fame in shipbuilding has been attained by the large operations in the past of the firm of Montgomery & Howard, whose shipyards are located on Marginal street in this city, and from which many large sailing and steam craft now plying between Boston and other cities, were launched. The firm is com- posed of Jabez K. Montgomery and A. L. Howard, both of whom were born in Warren, Maine, and first becoming firm friends as school boys, have maintained i33 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED close relationship and harmony in their business partnership of over thirty years. During the war, they were engaged by a large shipbuilding firm in Portland, Me., in the construction of gunboats for the United States navy, and when in 1S67, they came to Chelsea and engaged in shipbuilding on their own account, they were possessed of a practical knowledge of shipbuilding in all its branches, and although this was their principal capital, they were successful in establishing a large business which increased yearly, giving employment to a great many men at times. Many of the finest boats sailing their portraits, being shown on previous pages. The firm stands high in maritime circles and are probably as good authorities on the question of sailing craft as any men on the Atlantic coast. Commencing at the foot of the ladder and achieving a well-known business success, always show- ing liberality to the men in their employ, they have for years held the confidence of the business world. L. C. Chase & Co. Near the Winnisimmet ferry is the large rubber works of L. C. Chase & Co. LAUNCH OF THE STEAMER CITY OF TAUNTON AT SHIPYARDS OF MONTGOMERY &. HOWARD. the Xew England coast were designed and built by them, prominent among which are three freight steamers for the Fall River line, one of which, the City of Taunton, still on the weighs just pre- vious to being launched, is shown in the accompanying engraving. Main- of the excursion steamers also, including the Mayflower, of the Xantasket Steamboat company, as well as many pilot boats and other craft, have been designed and built by them, all of which have given the desired service and speed. Both men are well-known citizens of Chelsea, bio- graphical Sketches of each, together with The plant, employing several hundred hands, is conveniently situated for the manufacture of the large quantities of bicycle tires turned out there. It is here that the Chase tough tread tires are made. Seaver & Co. This firm occupies the three-story wooden factory at the corner of Shurtleff and Marginal streets, in size 100x40 feet, formerly the feather factory of A. L. Haskell & Son. The product is bone black, a staple in extensive use with the CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED x 39 RUBBER WORKS OF L. C. CHASE & CO. paint trade. Business has been carried on in Chelsea since November, 1S97, the former location being at South Duxbury. The manufacturing is done from the raw material. The boiler strength aggregates one hundred horse power and some twelve hands are constantly employed. The firm is composed of J. M. and G. F. Seaver, both of whom reside at Boston. The Messrs. Seaver had a record of seven- teen years of success before locating in Chelsea. The capacity is 1,000 tons yearly, the largest in the country. The Boston office is at 120 Milk street. NEW BONE BLACK WORKS OF SEAVER 4 CO. 140 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Thos. L. Appleton. This well-known manufacturer has re- sided and done business in Chelsea for the past quarter of a century. He was born in Boston, and at four years of age > f% iHkg t J w CAPT. THOS. L. APPLETON. his parents moved to Brighton, w attended school. At seventeen listed in the late war, entering the as a private, April, 1861. He served four years, returning a commissioned captain for gal- lant service. He engaged in the hardware business after the war closed, in Boston, and was burned out in the great fire of 1872. The following year he removed to Chelsea, and start- ed in his present manufactur- ing business, his first location being 22 Marginal street, re- moving to his present mills some years ago. Previous to the fire, which totally de- stroyed the property, in 1890, his goods were shipped largely over the country. Since the rebuilding of the mill, which here he he en- service is now at 1 63-1 71 Marginal street, he has manufactured and dealt in mantels, office and store fixtures, mouldings, brackets, posts, rails and balusters, and every de- scription of mill woodwork. The mills, which have excellent wharf facilities, give employment to twenty -five well-paid hands, and proverbially run on full time. Captain Appleton is a chapter Mason, a member of Theodore Winthrop post, G. A. R., and is treasurer of the Hawthorne Club stables. He is known as one of the interested citizens of this communitv. Newell Bedding- Co. At the corner of Fifth and Spruce streets has, for several years, been con- ducted a factory where mattresses are made and several hands are employed. The business is now conducted by the Newell Bedding Co., successors to Chas. H. Newell & Co., C. H. Newell being the present proprietor. The factory is a large three-story building, 100x30 feet, the whole of which is occupied, and where all grades of bedding supplies are made and dealt in, including mattresses, feath- ers, curled hair, excelsior, etc. The pro- prietor, a resident of Chelsea, is favorably known in business circles, as was his father before him, the late Hervey Newell, who died some years ago. A New England trade is supplied principally. .C.H.NEWELIi-&c-.iC'd: M A-Tj-T-R El-S-S;E;-S-?-^; L - w hole's 'ale '^'retail: 1 LSLitlG f?f!P 1 1 s pi 1 1 uiOiintii >rsr.«. .\ FACTORY, NEWELL BEDDING CO. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 141 The Lincoln. One of the most desirable apartment houses in the suburbs of Boston is The Lincoln, on Cary avenue, Chelsea, an illustration of which accompanies this article. The building is one of the largest structures of the kind in the city and was erected by Mrs. Ellen J. Marble, in memory of the late James Marble, who died in December, 1S91, after fifty years' married life in Chelsea. He was pro m i nent in Odd Fel- lowship, hav- ing for forty years been trustee of Winn i s i m - met lodge of this city. He was also one of the overseers of the poor and one of the best known and most valued citi- zens. His decease re- moved one of Chelsea's most beloved men. Every apartment is fitted with the most modern im- p rovements, i n c 1 u d i n g hot-water heaters, bath rooms, set ranges, patent ash sifters, electric bells and ele- vator. Those who contemplate making their home in Chelsea will find in The Lincoln a few suites in a location most desirable, and situated between Broadway and Spencer avenue, just far enough from the main thoroughfare to escape the noise and bustle of the business section, yet but a minute's walk to electrics. The Lincoln is an ornament to the section where it is located ; and the families in its well-kept suites form desirable residents. The building offers unusual attractions to those who would enjoy a healthy location, pure air and, for the many conveniences — reasonable rents. Henry Pickford. This well-known citizen London, England, in 1831 THE LINCOLN. was born in At an early age he re- moved with h i s parents to Halifax, N. S. His father w a s T h o m a s Pickford, pilot of H. M . W e s t India squad- ron, and was lost at sea when Henry was a mere boy. At the age of thir- teen he was a pprenticed to a watch- maker ; but after serving four years he came to Bos- ton, where he worked at the machin- ist trade and lockmaking. He worked, later, in New York city, instruments. \Yhen he he returned to Halifax making nautical was twenty-two, and set up a machine shop and foundry. Among the fine work executed here were two bank locks for the Union bank of St. Johns, Newfoundland, and for his own productions received a gold medal and diploma at the Colonial fair. Believing that the states offered a broader field for business, he came to Boston again and worked at the machine business. He 142 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED spent nearly all his spare time in perfect- ing various inventions, and making models of the same. Out of the nine patents for which he applied, five were granted, his models always attracting attention. Mr. Pickford afterwards accepted a position as foreman at Edwards, Fernald & Ker- shaw's, the largest safe manufacturers in New England at that time. He occupied this position for six years, during which time he travelled in different parts of the country in response to calls to open banks where the combinations had been lost. ( )ne of the most difficult cases was at the Revere bank, Boston. In 1862 he left for the war in the Chelsea Company H, 43rd Mass. volunteers, and was one of the volun- teers to go to Gettys- burg after his time of enlistment had ex- pired. Upon his re- turn from the war, was met by Oliver Edwards, president of the Atlantic Works, and offered a position as foreman. About a year after, he went into business on his own account, manu- facturing builders' hardware, at which he was remarkably suc- cessful. Finally, Hon. F. B. Fay induced him to become senior partner of the firm of Pickford & Hollis, in which that gentle- man was special partner, and some $.20,- 000 were invested. At the close of four years the firm was dissolved, and the business was continued with success by Mr. Pickford alone. While in the lock business he made over 35,000 locks for banks, safety deposit, churches and hotels, most of them being of his own design, lb- received both silver and bronze medals for superior workmanship at the exhibit of the Mass. Charitable Mechanics association, of which he was a member for twenty years. While doing a large business in Boston, he was offered lucra- tive positions in New York, Conn., Rhode Island and Canada, which he could but decline. In 1882 he became interested in the Gladwin bit, the patent of which he sold for $10,000, receiving Si, 000 as commission. He afterwards went to New York, Ansonia, Conn., and Chesterfield, N. H., to make the dies and all the tools used in manufacturing the bit. Some years ago he began business in Chelsea on a small scale as electrician and lock- smith, his establishment being on Broad- way. He now supplies the Smith Roll Top Desk Co. with his patent desk lock. He is one of the oili- est members of Post 35, G. A. R., and has been for many years one of the trustees of the ( larden cemetery of this citv. Atwood & McManus. One of the largest manufacturers of wooden boxes in or about Boston, is the firm of Atwood & McManus, their fac- tory being located along the tracks of the eastern division of the B. & M. R.R., at the corner of Fourth henry pickford. and Cyprus streets, furnishing regular em- ployment to about sixty men, and for their business occupying an acre ami a quarter of land. It was at Middleton, Ma^s.. that the business of this prosperous firm found its inception, where J. B. Thomas, uncle of A. 1!. Atwood, and H. P. McManus, laid its foundation. C. N. Atwood, father of A. 11. Atwood and silent partner of the firm of Atwood & Mc- Manus, at the present time conducts business at Middleboro, taking the logs in the rough and converting them into finished boxes. It was in 1893 that A. 1!. Atwood and 11. I'. McManus, the latter CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED '43 A. B. ATWOOD. H. P. McMANUS having been for several years associated with J. B. Thomas & Co. in Middleton, joined forces and built their present fac- tory in Chelsea. Besides the main factory, a long structure with five wings, there are four smaller buildings. Opening out on the tracks of the railroad are twelve doors, making the receiving and shipping facili- ties unexcelled. Wooden boxes exclu- sively are made ; and, when it is learned that 6,000,000 feet of lumber were used last year, it is not surprising to know that the business has more than trebled. It is further stated that the services of 300 men are required in furnishing the mater- ial and making the product of this busy factory. Beside possessing all the latest improved machinery, there is a full-fledged printing department, for printing boxes, on the premises. Both members of the firm are fully adopted citizens of Chelsea. Roger Walton, This citizen of Chelsea, residing in a comfortable home on Addison street, and :-s. :H£-.J?-"h -^-v FACTORY OF ATWOOD &. McMANUS. 144 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED among the thousands who frequent the lunch rooms of Huston, is proven by the large number consumed. Mr. Walton was born in Preston, Lancashire county, England, and for several years followed the sea. Coming to Chelsea from Jamaica, \Y. 1., his success in establishing and building up his business to its present proportions, does credit to his ambition. He is an Odd Fellow, a member of Robert Lash lodge of Masons, Sons of St. George, A. O. U. W., N. K. Order of Protection, Chelsea Board of trade, and of the church committee of the Third Congregational church. ROGER WALTON. conducting a factory on Cyprus street, adds credit to Chelsea by manufacturing, in stupendous quantities, mutton and chicken pies. He has conducted this business in Chelsea for the past eleven years. In November, 1897, a disastrous fire destroyed his premises. It was by indefatigable hard work that he recovered from this severe financial loss. The factory now occupied is a new one, con- taining all the modern appliances for cooking and baking. A 12 h. p. boiler furnishes steam for three sixty gallon rooking kettles. In the winter season, 600 lbs. of fowl and 150 lbs. of mutton are made into pies daily and several bakers are given regular employment. Boston restaurants and lunch rooms use Mr. Walton's entire product, the sandwich depots of the city being the largest con- aimers, notably, all the Wyman and Munch P>ros. establishments. That the pies made by this baker are popular ^8Sf^* RESIDENCE OF ROGER WALTON. John Robertson. The WALTON'S PIE BAKERY. largest steam and hot-water heat- ing establishment of Chel- sea is that of the late John Robertson, located in the (i. A. R. block on Division street. Since the decease of the founder, January, 1898, it has been conduct- ed under the management of (',. D. Mel. oud. Mr. Robertson was one of the foremost business men of Chelsea, and his decease removed one of its best citizens. Beside being CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED M5 GRAND ARMY BLOCK. of the leading heating establishment, the business of which was built up by his per- sonal effort and his equitable business principles. He was a permanent member of the fire department, being captain of Hose 3, possessing many friends who have since mourned his loss. Since his death the present manager has conducted the business for his widow, maintaining the standard of his former employer and the large business previously carried on. A corps of registered steam fitters and their assistants are employed. The firm makes a specialty of steam and hot- water heating and the gasfitting business in all its branches. The workroom, the largest in the city, contains a large stock of fittings and is equipped with all modern appli- ances for facilitating the work. An un- usual display is made there also of steam and hot-water heaters, gas fixtures, burners and globes. The business is well managed and no contract is too large and none too small to receive a prompt estimate. James G. Webber. and came to this city when but five years old. He obtained his education in the Williams school in this city. His father, Henry Webber, was engaged in the shirt- making industry and gave him a thorough business training. In 1S83 he assumed his father's business and has conducted the same ever since. His establishment is on Fifth street, and having for many years supplied the wholesale New England trade, he is probably one of the best known travelling men of Boston. In the manu- facture of his goods he has made his mark in business circles by his improvement in the style of the make-up of overalls. Mr. Webber first became a member of the Chelsea city government in 1S92, serving that and the year following in the common council. He is now serving his last of a three year's term in the board of alder- men, receiving the popular vote at the republican caucus at the time of his nom- ination. He is a member of Robert Lash lodge and Shekinah chapter in the Masonic bodies, and Mystic lodge, en- campment and Rebeccahs in Odd Fel- lowship. He also belongs to the Boston Fusileers and the Mystic Brothers of Boston. He was a petitioner for Pow- hatan Tribe, I. O. R. M., and is connected with the order of Fraternal Helpers. He disburses the funds for this district for the Odd Fellows Relief association, and is This manufacturer of flannel shirts and overalls is a well-known resident of Chel- sea and member of the board of aldermen. He was born in Boston July 13, 1855, ALDERMAN J. G. WEBBER. i 4 6 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED chairman of the finance committee of St. Luke's club of this city. County Savings Bank. This savings bank, now occupying new and handsome quarters on Broadway, has a proud and almost unparalleled record among the savings banks of the state, and its remarkable growth does credit to the thrift of its depositors and good manage- ment. The bank was founded in response statement was rendered, shows the follow- ing remarkable increase and the largest increase of any savings bank in the im- mediate vicinity of Boston : I deposits < >c tuber, 1890 1897 61,298.19 206,098.61 231,954.16 281,011.12 M39.2 366,559.12 411,743.07 433,000.00 " March 1. This creditable showing of the institution is the result of the careful and conserva- INTERIOR COUNTY SAVINGS BANK. to the demand for another savings bank in Chelsea. Among those named in the application for its charter were : Charles A. Wilkinson, Albert D. Bosson, Rufus S. Frost, Charles A. Campbell, ('. F. Fenno and James A. McCann, all of whom were active in its foundation. The original incorporators numbered sixty-five, com- prised largely of Chelsea men. The bank was incorporated Feb. 27, 1890, and opened its vaults for deposits the first of the following April. The appended state- ment of its deposits, from the time its first tive management of its affairs. Since its organization, not a dollar has been lost on its investments, and never has the management been compelled to foreclose any of its mortgages. Dividends have been regularly declared every six months, at the rate of four per cent, and the officials in charge of the bank say that there is no present prospect of any reduc- tion in the dividends. Deposits are re- ceived in amount from five cents to one thousand dollars. The present officers of the bank are as follows : Albert D. Bosson, CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED i47 president, and George T. Roberts, treasurer, both of whom have served in their respective capacities since the organization. In its new quarters, the bank has rooms comparing fa- vorably with any savings bank in New England. The bank ranks very high in financial circles, both as to management and the character of its invest- ments. The Chelsea Savings Bank. This, the oldest institu- tion of its character here, was organized May 11, 1854. The first president was the venerable Francis B. Fay, who was also the first mayor of Chelsea. His associates and succes- sors have well maintained that civic pride and hon- orable faithfulness to finan- W -IS WW wm FIRST NATIONAL BANK. INTERIOR FIRST NATIONAL BANK. 14S CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED cial trust, which have given to this bank, from first to last, fullest public confidence and most honorable success. Successors in the office of president have been John II. Osgood, for thirty years, from 1857, and Otis Hinman, since the decease of Mr. Osgood in 1887. The office of treasurer has been held suc- cessively by Samuel Bassett, John F. Fel- lows, and since [886, Albert A. Fickett. Es- pecially for the last decade of years, the pros- perity of the bank has rapid- ly advanced, until its re- sources, which for the first year of its his- tory but little exceeded Sio,- 000, now reach more than $3,800,000. The bank has easily and tri- umph a n 1 1 >' passed through all the financial crisises of its times, and es- pecially in the year 1878, when it was conspicuous as being one of the four banks of Boston and suburban cities which alone chelsea savings did not avail themselves of the Hay law, then made for the relief of savings banks. This bank has laid up its surplus after generous dividends regularly paid, and for the last year amounting to more than $1 25,000. first located at city hall, and later at two successive locations on Broadway, it has occupied, since I U :ober, 1895, its present substantial and elegant new banking house at the corner of Broadway and Congress avenue. The building, shown in the accompanying engraving, one of the chief architectural ornaments of the city, was designed by S. Edwin Tobey, and erected under the supervision of James Gould and Alonzo C. Tenney. The present officers of the corpora- tion are as fol- lows: presi- dent, Otis Hin- man ; clerk and treasurer, A. A. Fickett : vice presidents, Frank B. Fay, Samuel Orcutt, B e n j a m i n Phipps, Joseph W. S t i ckney, George E . Morrill, Fred- erick L. Cut- ting and Alonzo C. Tenne y ; board of in- vestment, Otis Hinman. Al< m- zo C. Tenney, lames Could, Eugene F . Endicott a n d George F . Morrill. Joseph Morrill Putnam,M.D. 1 >r. Joseph Morrill Putnam BANK BUILDING. ;«. a S(jn of Osgood and Rhoda Ann (Hall) Putnam, and was born at Croton, Mass. He is a lineal descendant of John Putnam, who, with his three sons, came to this country from Buckinghamshire, England, in 1634, and settled in Salem. Ma^s. Among the descendants of these sons were Israel Putnam, a major-general in the continental CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 149 army ; Rufus Putnam, colonel and engi- neer in the same army, later brigadier- general in the U. S. army : Lieut. Thos. Putnam, Capt. John Putnam and Capt. Benj. Putnam, all of whom served in the colonial wars. He is a lineal descendant also from John Endicott and John Win- throp, the first governors of the Mass. Bay colony. Dr. Putnam was educated at Lawrence academy and Harvard uni- versity, and was gradu- ated from Bellevue Hospital Medical col- lege, N e w York, in the class of 1870, a f t e r which he remained a t Bellevue hospital some months for hospital work. He began the practice of his profession in Chelsea, where, on February 25, 1875, ne was married to H a 1 1 ie A., daughter o f Sabine Hol- brook and Arabella E. (Hunter) Kimball, a native of Lubec, Me. He was city physician of Chelsea from 1875 to 1887, first chosen to that office in February, 1875, and for five years re- elected annually, in 1881 and 1884 being appointed to the office for terms of three years. From Jan. 1, 1S84, to Jan. 1, 1887, he was visiting surgeon to the Soldiers' Home of Massachusetts. He served on the medical and surgical staff, and the medical board of the Rufus S. Frost General hospital from the date of its inception until he resigned, September, 1896 ; became a member of the Massa- chusetts Medical society in June, 1877, and fur many years has been one of its councillors. In 1880 he became a mem- ber of the American Medical association. He has two children, Ralph and Beatrice. The former was born August 7, 1876, and was educated in the public schools of Chelsea, being graduated from the high school in 1894. He w as given t h e degree o f Bachelor of Arts b y Harvard col- lege in 189S, and at pres- ent is about to enter upon h i s second year at the Harvard Medical school. His d aughter Beatrice was born in Chel- s e a, August 9, 1880, and is now in the class of 1899 at the Chel- s e a high school. Charles Leeds, M.D. JOSEPH MORRILL PUTNAM, M.D. Dr. Charles Leeds, a leading prac- ticing physician of Chelsea for the past twenty-one years, was born in Boston. He obtained his early education in the Boston public schools, and studied for his profession, and is a graduate of the Boston Lniversity school of medicine. He almost immediately commenced the practice of his profession in this city where he has remained with unbroken devotion to his patients for over a score of years. 1 )r. Leeds is descended from early colonial CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED ancestry, and is a member of the Society of Colonial wars and Sons of the Ameri- can revolution. He is a Knight Templar Mason, an Odd Fellow, and a member of various other fraternal organizations. He is also a member of the Review club, American Institute of homoeopathy, the Massachusetts Homoeopathic Medical society, and stands high in his profession. His skill as a physician and surgeon, coupled with the many years he has resided here, have resulted in a thriving practice. He has for some years been prominently connected with the R. S. is a son of the late Hon. Thomas Green, mayor of the city in 1876. He was born in Chelsea, August 3, 1863, and pursued his education in the public schools of Chelsea, and leaving high school fitted for college under private tutors. He attended the Boston Univer- sity School of medicine where he graduated an M. D., in 1891. The fol- lowing year he commenced practice in his former office, on Bellingham street, Chelsea, and has since been a valued member of the local medical profession. His present office and residence are at the CHARLES LEEDS, M. THOMAS WILLIAM GREEN, M. D. Frost General hospital, in which institu- tion he has shown marked interest, being a member of the board of trustees, medical board and the medical staff. He has served six years on the Chelsea iol committee, and is one of the trustees of the County Savings bank. He resides on Washington avenue, ami built his present residence there in 1892. Thomas William Green, M. D. Doctor Thomas William Green, one of the leading physicians of Chelsea, corner of Chestnut street and Washington avenue. A man of strong physique, he would seem to possess an almost unlim- ited capacity for work ; and, sharing with the other physicians of the city a large amount of charity patients he has a large practice. He has served four years on the medical staff of the R. S. Frost Gen- eral hospital ami is a member of the Massachusetts Homoeopathic Medical society. Dr. Green devotes his entire time to his practice, and has justly attained the reputation of being one of the most skilful physicians here. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED !5i T. E. Blaisdell, M. D. This well-known physician and sur- geon, son of the late James Blaisdell, was born in a house on Central avenue, this city, in 1854. He acquired his early education in the local public schools and graduated from the Chelsea High school in 1872. Four years later, he graduated from the academic depart- ment of Wesleyan university. He after- wards entered upon his medical studies at the Boston University School of medi- cine from which he graduated in 1879 nected with the Review club of this city. In 1894, Dr. Blaisdell travelled abroad and, combining business with pleasure, attended the clinics at London and Edinburgh. He is one of the scholarly members of the medical profession and resides on Washington avenue. G. A. Johnson, M. D. A young but skilful member of the local medical profession is Dr. George Anson Johnson, who resides and enjoys a grow- ing practice in the fast-growing section J. E. BLAISDELL, M. D. the same year receiving the degree of M. A. from Wesleyan university. He almost immediately commenced practice in his native city and has since continued here, acquiring a reputation as a skil- ful practitioner. Since the foundation of the R. S. Frost General hospital he has served as a member of the medical board. He is a member of the Massa- chusetts Homoeopathic Medical society and stands well in his profession. He is a member of Robert Lash lodge, Shekinah chapter, Napthali council and William Parkman commandery, K. T., and is con- G. A. JOHNSON, M. D. Photo by Purely. of Chelsea known as Prattville. He was born in South Stukley, Prov. of Quebec, Canada, in 1S65, and spent his early days on the home farm, obtaining his education in the public schools. Dr. Johnson came to Boston in 1887, and for several years was engaged in mercantile pursuits, gradually working his way to- ward his chosen profession. He first commenced the study of medicine under the able preceptorship of Dr. Samuel Goodman, professor of nervous diseases at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Boston, with whom he spent some time in CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED preparatory work, finally entering the above-named college in 1893, and after completing the four years' course re- quired by that institution, was graduated in 1897. Seeking a suitable location for practice, he finally chose Prattville and settled here soon after graduating. 1 )r. Johnson is a genial, public-spirited man, and has before him a promising future. He is a member of the Boston Medical society, of Mystic lodge, I. O. O. F., and medical examiner for the Prudential In- surance company of Newark. N. J. Frederick Augustine King, M.D. This already well-known and younger member of the local medical profession was born in Chelsea in 1868. Having been brought up and ever since resided here he therefore requires no introduction in the pages of this book. Educated in the public schools of this city he gained an advantage towards the practice of medi- cine in four years' experience in the drug business, during which time he applied himself closely to the study of compound- REPRESENTATIVE EDWARD E. WILLARD. ing prescriptions. He entered the Boston University School of medicine in October, 1890, graduating therefrom in June, 1895. During the last two years of the course at medical college and the first year of his practice he was house surgeon at Dr. S. V. Goldthwaite's private hospi- tal for women, Boston. On com- mencing practice, he first opened an office in Concord square, Boston. where he remained two years. Jan- uary 1, 1897, he removed to his native city, and has since resided and continued his practice here. He has been highly successful for a young physician. Soon after opening up an office here he was appointed to the medical staff of the R. S. Frost General hospital. He has also served a year in the maternity department of the Massachusetts Homoeopathic dispensary. He is a knight templar Mason and a member of the Knights of the Ancient Essenic order. He resides at 14 Everett avenue. Edward E. Willard. FREDERICK AUGUSriNE KING, M. D. The 27th Suffolk district is repre- sented in the state legislature in 1898 by Edward E. Willard, a man of CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED x 5. ability and experience in public affairs. He was born in Lancaster, Mass., Sept- ember 25, 1862. He is a direct de- scendant of Major Willard, who was one of the first residents of Charles- town, and who, later, was the founder of Concord, Mass. On the paternal side, his ancestor, Samuel Willard, was president of Harvard college from 1701 to 1707. He is also a direct de- scendant of Joseph Wil- lard, who was president f Harvard college from 1 781 to 1804. He obtained his education in Worcester academy and Hinman's business col- lege. Enter- ing mercan- tile life, he became a New England agent for one of the largest houses in the w a 1 1 paper trust. He has for four- teen years been a resi- dent of Chel- sea, and for the past ten or a dozen years a prom- inent figure in local poli- tics. He served for four years on the ward and city committee ; was a mem- ber of the common council in 1890, and in 1892-3-4, a member of the upper branch of the city government, his con- nection with this body being highly cred- itable to himself and those who elected him. He served as chairman of the highway and license committees, laying out streets and public property, and a member of the police and election com- mittees during his connection with the government. In 1895 he took a seat in the house of representatives, serving that and the following year in the interest of his district, then the 26th Suffolk. His election to serve in the house this year returned one well qualified to repre- sent the newly-created district. He is a republican in politics ; a member of Robert Lash lodge, F. & A. M. He is also en- rolled in the Knights o f Pythias and the Chelsea Veteran fire- m e n . He has a strong following and is very popu- lar in the city of his adop- tion. F. H. Nutting, M. D. Photo by Purely. F. H. NUTTING, M. D. Among the younger suc- cessful pro- fessional men of Chelsea is Dr. Frederick Harrison Nutting. He was born in East Jeffrey, N. H. thirty- eight years ago, his an- cestors being the oldest s e ttle r s of that section of New England, and has been a resident of Chelsea for the past four years. Since he has been practicing he has been fortunately successful and acquired a reputation much sooner than befalls the lot of the ordinary young physician. He obtained his early educa- tion at the Conant school where he fitted for a two years' course in the Massachu- setts College ot pharmacy after attending which he devoted many vears to the drug 154 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED business becoming highly proficient in the compounding of prescriptions. After attending medical college and graduating an M. D. his experience as an educated pharmacist became of great assistance and benefit to him in the practice of his profession. He took a four year's course at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Boston, passing the examinations for practice before the Massachusetts Board of Registration in medicine two years before his graduation. He then took a course of surgery at the Union General hospital, Boston. I )r. Nutting has also served as assistant city physician at the North End Hospital and dispensary, ciation, Boston Medical society, Odd Fellows and Alter Ego club. His place of residence is at 131 Washington avenue. Winnisimmet Company. For over two hundred and fifty years, transportation of passengers and freight between Chelsea and Boston by ferry has been carried on by the Winnisimmet Company, distinguished as the oldest ferry company in the United States. It was organized by Thos. Williams, when Chelsea; then Winnisimmet village, could boast of scarcely a house, and only one year after the settlement of Boston. At FERRYBOAT CITY OF CHELSEA, WINNISIMMET CO. which position he held for a year and a half. ( )ne year after receiving his di- ploma from the College of Physicians and Surgeons he was honored by an appoint- ment as instructor of materia medica, which, after some hesitation and in response to the urgent solicitation of its president and trustees he finally accepted, and the duties of which he has since performed. For the past four years, Dr. Nutting lias controlled at the corner of Washington avenue and Heard street one of the finest equipped and handsomest pharmacies in the suburbs of Boston. He is a member of the Massachusetts ( !ollege of pharmacy, Massachusetts Si ite Pharmaceutical asso- first the ferry service consisted of only sail boats. The desirability of this as a residential section soon became apparent, and gradually the Winnisimmet company acquired land, which was from time to time added to. The part taken, there- fore, by this company in the growth and development of Chelsea has been most important. The large holding of land at one time made the stock valuable. Until 1810, when the Chelsea bridge was built to Charlestown, the ferry formed the only source of transportation between Chelsea and the city. During the presidency of Nathan Matthews, Sr., the lands, except- ing the landings, were disposed of, the CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED *55 company having peformed its mission, that of making Chelsea a densely settled community. The service provided the public is equal to, and excels that of many ferries propelling in Boston and other cities. The boats of this company are as follows : City of Chelsea, City of Boston and City of Maiden. Sixty-eight round trips are made daily in seventeen hours, the distance covered between Chelsea and Boston being a mile and a quarter. The City of Chelsea is of iron, the other two of wooden construction, and their average speed is fourteen miles an hour. Four thousand tons of coal are used annually and forty men employed in Campbell, Geo. W. Moses, John H. Cun- ningham, Chester Guild, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Sherman. From the fact that this venerable couple have been residents of this city for sixty-five years, and possess a record of sixty-eight years of married life, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Sherman are noted Chelsea people. Mr. Sherman was born in Boston, on a part of North street then known as Love lane, August 30, 1807. He attended the Eliott school, and in 1822 apprenticed himself to the gilder's trade. Shortly afterwards, he gave way MR. AND MRS. THOMAS SHERMAN, OLDEST COUPLE IN CHELSEA. operating the Chelsea ferry. The boats will average 500 gross 01-250 net tonnage ; and at times as many as 1,500 passengers have been taken on one trip. During 1897, 3,200,000 passengers were carried. That the company provides good boats, well kept and managed, and that the profit derived from the company's invest- ment is less than 5 per cent per year, are facts to indicate that the travelling public are carried to the entire satisfaction of the most exacting. The company is capital- ized at $500,000. Its officers are : J. K. Montgomery, president ; G. W. Moses, treasurer ; H. T. Holmes is superintend- ent. The directors are : J. K. Montgom- ery, Kilby Page, J. A. Teele, Chas. A. to his desire to go to sea, and for four years sailed the "briny deep." After that time, he returned to his trade, and for twenty years worked for Samuel Curtis, of whose shop he had charge. He became a resident of Chelsea in 1833, at which time, he with Mr. Cushing, one of his shopmates, each purchased 3,000 feet of land, which was later increased to 6,000, and built their present residences on Broadway. The original property is still intact ; the house which at that time afforded a view of the entire water front, is now fronted by business blocks, built on land leased from Mr. Sherman. The old turnpike road, where the old Stages made regular trips, carrying weary i56 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED passengers from Boston to Salem, raising tremendous clouds of dust all along the line, has since been raised several times. Originally, the land was so marshy, that a platform from the street to Mr. Sherman's yard had to be laid. Within the period of this aged couple's residence here, therefore, Chelsea has grown from a hamlet to a bustling city. Eighteen years ago, Mr. and Mrs. Sherman cele- brated their golden wedding, and although he is ninety-one and his excel- lent helpmeet eighty-five, they have never required any help in maintaining their pleasant and well-ordered home. Hav- ing always led a moderate life, they are still active mentally and physically, pos- sessing a wide circle of friends, and Henry Mason, long a resident of the city, an able writer, an excellent printer, and a man of wide experience in the vicissitudes of journalism, until then, publisher of the American Cabinet, a literary paper of Boston. The location of the plant was changed to 47 Winnisimmet street, where it continued until 1861, when removed to 132 Winnisimmet street, and remaining thirty-five years. At the close of the war, Mr. Mason admitted his eldest son, Henry, the firm name becoming H. Mason & Son. On February 5, 1874, Henry Mason, Sr., was stricken with apoplexy, from which he died, ending a service of twenty years in this city, honorably and faithfully devoted to the good. At the death of his father, the THE LATE HENRY MASON, SR. THE LATE HENRY MASON, JR. JULIA C. MASON entertaining hospitably all who favor them with a visit. It is with pleasure that we present portraits of these aged and remarkable people. Telegraph and Pioneer. The Telegraph and Pioneer, as estab- lished in 1845, was a small sheet, 9x12, issued on Winnisimmet street by Benja- min Rivers and first called the Chelsea Pioneer. In 1848, it was enlarged to 12^4 x 19^4, and issued semi-weekly. In 1857, it was united with the Chelsea Telegraph,a paper a year old, and hence- forth became known as the Telegraph and Pioneer, the publisher and editor being W. E. P. Haskell. March 24, [855, it passed into the possession of son assumed full control and continued the publication for twenty-one years, when after a long and continued illness, on June 9, 1895, his spirit took its flight homeward. Whether in the full panoply of war, striking vigorous blows for coun- try, or as a journalist, his honesty and integrity won for him unstinted praise. After the death of the son, the newspaper was sold, passing into the possession of Julia C. Mason, a daughter of Henry Mason, Sr.. and sister of the late editor. She became both proprietor and pub- lisher, and associated with herself as manager, Mr. Herbert F. Jenkins, a news- paper man of much executive ability, connected with the Boston Herald. A change was made in the form of the paper, the blanket sheet being set aside CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED i57 JOHN C. PATRICK. desired to be relieved of too sponsibility and A. S. Arthur, a former editor and publisher of the Brookline Chronicle, assumed the position of editor and manager, Mr. Jenkins remaining to assist him. The Telegraph and Pioneer is the longest established newspaper in Chelsea, having a record of fifty-three years' existence, with the distinctive fea- ture of being in the possession of and conducted by members of the same family for forty-three years. Academy of Music. In possessing and supporting a first class theatre, Chelsea is distinguished among the several cities classed as the suburbs of Boston. The Academy of and an eight-page sheet taking its place, the first number being is- sued January 9, 1 89 7. In the mea ntirae, the plant had been m o v e d to 18 Fourth street. Under Mr. Jen- kins' management, the paper increased in strength and stands today as one of the pro- gressive suburban papers. In April 1898, Mr. Jenkins great re JOHN H. RENIGER. Music is now in the twenty-eighth year of its life, and although in competition with the many theatres of Boston, readily holds its own. The house has a seating capac- ity of 1,358, and as well as presenting, in the theatrical season, the best plays by the same companies, same scenery and electrical effects as in the theatres of Boston, the house is also used for holding high class concerts, patriotic celebrations, political rallies, etc. The stage is 34x60, sufficiently large for the greatest spectac- ular production. The theatre is equipped with a regard for the comfort of both audience and talent. The house is hand- somely furnished inside, with drop cur- tain especially attractive to the eye. There are six means of exit, including ACADEMY OF MUSIC. i 5 8 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED three fire escapes. The lessees and man- agers, both men well up in the theatrical business, are John C. Patrick and John H. Reniger, the former having a cora- pany in Australia at the present time. Louis L. G. de Rochemont. This able young attorney holds the office of clerk of committees of the city government. He was born in Xewing- ton, N. H., 1872, and has resided in this city for the past six years. He obtained his education in the Portsmouth High school, from which he graduated with LOUIS L. G. DE ROCHEMONT. Photo by Pnrdy. honors. He then came to Boston and entered the class of '94 at Harvard col- lege. After studying in that university for two years, he decided to enter the legal profession, and with that aim in view, entered the law department of the Boston university. Taking the regular three years' course in two years, he was luated in 1S94, with cum laude hon- ors, securing an average of 85 per cent in his examinations. Just after he was twenty-one, but before graduating from the law school, he was admitted to the bar, since which time he has practiced. Since his election as clerk of committees in January, 1898, he has easily performed the important duties of his office. His law office is at 15 Court square, Boston. He is married and lives on Shurtleff street, is a member of the Central Congregational church, Young Men's Congregational club, the Students club, Chelsea Board of trade and Alter Ea:o club. Joseph M. Curley. A widely known member of the bar is Joseph M. Curley, clerk of the Police court of Chelsea, who was born in this city April 8, 1X64, and is a son of Martin JOSEPH M. CURLEY. Photo by Purdy. Curley, a resident of Chelsea for about half a century. He received his educa- tion in the local public schools and the Boston University Law school, graduating from the latter in 1889. Being admitted to the bar the same year, he commenced practice. In 1892, he was appointed to his present office by Governor Russell, being reappointed in 1897 for five years by Governor Wolcott. He is also one of the bail commissioners of Suffolk county, and is now serving his second term of three years. Outside of effectively dis- patching the duties of his office he has more or less practice, doing a probate CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED L59 business. He is a member of the execu- tive committee of the Police District and Municipal Clerks of Courts association, and also a member of the Review club and the board of trade. Eben Hutchinson, Jr. The probation officer and assistant clerk of the police court of Chelsea, Eben Hutchinson, Jr., was born in this city in 1870, and was educated at the Chelsea grammar and high schools, afterwards entering the Vermont Episcopal institute at Burlington, for a three years' course. EBEN HUTCHINSON JR. Photo by Purdy During the first year at this military school he was appointed captain of the cadets, the highest position in the gift of the institute, which office he held until graduating. He was appointed to his present office in the Chelsea police court in 189 1, where he has developed a system for efficiently conducting the responsible duties of the position. He entered the Boston University Law school for a two years' course and was admitted to the bar in 1895, and has since been admitted to practice as an attorney and counsellor-at- law in the circuit court of the United States. As probation officer he has about one hundred and fifty persons in his care. Mr. Hutchinson was married in 1S94, to Jessie Whitaker, of Bradford, Vermont. Harry W. James. One of the younger but able members of the Suffolk county bar is Harry W. James. He was born in Boston, Septem- ber 17, 1866. He obtained his early education in the public schools and under private instruction. He attended the Boston University Law school and gradu- HARRY W. JAMES. Photo by Purdy. ated in June, 1SS8. He was immediately admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Chelsea. Being one who looks closely after the interests of his clients, he has built up a lucrative prac- tice. For the last three years he has maintained an office in the Rogers build- ing. He has been a member of the city government and served in the common council in 1892, the year before that body was abolished. Since becoming a resident of Chelsea, he has taken an active part in local politics, and at the present time is vice-president of the Republican City committee. i6o CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Colonel William Grantman. This private resident of Chelsea, whose influence has ever been exerted in main- taining the welfare of the municipality, was born in Xew York city in 1S39. Left an orphan at an early age, in 1849 he went to Wakefield, New Hampshire, to live on a farm. Attending the district school winters, and doing the chores around the farm summers, he finish- ed his edu- cation a n d builtup a rug- ged physique which he has since retain- ed. After re- main i n g in New Hamp- shire for seven years he came to Bostonand went to work at the fur busi- ness for the old and well- known firm of Martin Hates &Sons. From [858 to the time of the breaking out of the war, he worked with that faithful- ness which wins the con- fidence of a boy' s em- ploye r . In April [861, he enlisted in Co. H, First Mass. Volunteers infantry, and went to the front in the first company leaving Chelsea, as a private. At black- burn's Ford, before the first battle of Bull Run, he was wounded. After his recov- ery in the fall, he returned to the regi- ment, but ill the following spring was again wounded in front ofYorktown. For gallant service, the following summer he received his discharge from Company H, to enable him to accept promotion as COLONEL WILLIAM GRANTMAN. captain o( Company A, Thirteenth New Hampshire volunteers. After serving as captain of that company for nearly a year, his valor was recognized by his promotion to major of the regiment, and the year after was further complimented by his promotion to lieutenant-colonel. In this last commissioned office he served until 1864, when, on account of sickness, he returned to his home in New Hampshire. Upon his final recuperation, he returned to his former employers in the fur busi- ness where he has remained with unbrok- en continu- ance to the present time, h i s connec- tion with this leading firm covering a period of about forty years. Col. Grantman has for m a n y years been a member o f T heo d or e W i n t h r o p post G. A. R. After recover- ing from the effects of the war he mar- ried and has since m a d e his perma- nent home in this city. He is a member of Mystic lodge, I. O.O. F. and has been active in all movements concerning the prosperity and welfare oi Chelsea : and although frequently urged to accept public office, has preferred to re- main a private citizen. He is one of the trustees of the Chelsea Savings bank. Few men in any locality exert greater influence in a more unassuming way, and few are more popular in the locality in which they reside. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 161 DAVID SLADE. D. & L. Slade Company. In the year 1816 the general court of this commonwealth authorized the inhabi- tants of Chelsea to build a dam across Mill river in said town, to erect a suit- able mill thereon and to sell the same for such consideration and on such conditions as they might think proper. Acting upon this authority, the town of Chelsea sold to John Cutter, his heirs and assigns forever, the right to erect and maintain a tide water mill at this place. Some years later, Cutter con- veyed the property to one Stowels, who in turn sold it to Henry Slade, the father of the founders of the D. & L. Slade company. In 1837, David Slade, together with his brother Charles, hired a portion of the mill of their father and commenced the grinding of spices ; they were known as the first grinders of spices in this section. After a time Charles Slade withdrew from the con- cern and Levi Slade took his place, forming the firm of D. & L. Slade, which continued without change until the death of Mr. Levi Slade. Soon after this event the present corporation of D. & L. Slade company was formed under the laws of Massachusetts, the incorporators being David Slade, Wilbur L. Slade, Herbert L. Slade and Henry Dillingham. The officers were Wilbur L. Slade, president, David Slade, treas- urer, Henry Dillingham, secretary, who, with Herbert L. Slade, composed the board of directors. At the death of Wilbur L. Slade, George B. Milton was elected president : the present board of directors consisting of David Slade, George B. Milton, Henry Dillingham and George H. Carter. From the small beginning of grinding spices for the wholesale grocers, D. & L. Slade soon began to buy and sell spices ; by giving special attention to the quality of the ground spices they sold, and by refusing to put their name on any adulterated goods, they gradually gained a good reputation and their business rapidly increased. About twenty years ago, when a very large proportion of the spices sold were adulterated, they took the advanced position that they would neither grind nor sell adulterated goods of any kind. This was a bold step, for it was estimated that fullv seventv-five THE LATE LEVI SLADE. 162 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED per cent of the spices sold at that time were adulterated ; but the fact that from that time their spice business in- c r e ased so rapidly that they were soon recog- nized as one of die largest i m porters and grinders of absolutely pure spices in the United States, fully d emonstrat- ed the wis- dom of this step. Being the first large spice grinders to take the position that they would sell only absolutely pure goods, it was but natural that this fact and the superior ex- cellence of their spices, mustard, cream tartar, herbs, etc., should give the consum- ers confidence, and that it should be com- monly said, "If it's Slade's, it is pure and good." In the early days of their busi- ness career they became impressed with the idea that a preparation for the quirk making of light, wholesome biscuit, cake, D. & L. SLADE COMPANY'S CHELSEA STORE AND FACTORY. etc., was needed, and after careful study and patient e x - p e rimenting they pro- duced the Congress yeast p o w - der, which, o n account of its super- ior excel- lence and convenience, quickly b e - came a ne- cessity in thousands of househol d s. X o t w i t h - standing the great a d - vance in the knowledge of chemistry and domestic science during the fifty years which have passed since the Congress yeast powder was put on the market, no preparation has been discovered that excels it in efficiency or healthfulness. It was the predecessor and pattern of many (if the baking powders of the present day, and few, if any, of these equal it in absolute purity and health-giving qualities, while many of the baking powders contain alum, lime, ammonia and other objectionable TIDE MILLS AT REVERE D. & L. SLADE COMPANY CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 163 ingredients. During the long period that the Congress yeast powder has been on the market, there have been received thousands of testimonials. Among the prominent chemists and physicians who have certified to its absolute purity and wholesomeness are the following : Prof. S. P. Sharpies, Mass. State Assayer ; Prof. F. L. Bartlett, Maine State Assayer; spices, mustard, celery salt, curry powder, Congress yeast powder, etc., are sold, they become quickly known as the highest standard of purity and excellence. The rapid growth of their business has neces- sitated from time to time extensive addi- tions to their mills at Revere and to their factory at Chelsea. The history of this company, with its steadily increasing M. E. RICE. R. C. Stanley, A. M., Ph. D. ; Prof. J. F. Babcock ; Dr. B. F. Davenport ; Prof. E. E. Calder, Rhode Island State Assayer ; Stillwell & Gladding, Chemists to the New York Produce Exchange ; W. C. Tiki en, M. D., Ph. D. The business of the D. & L. Slade company is constantly extending as the superior excellence of their goods trade, demonstrates the fact that people appreciate goods of known purity and excellence. M. E. Rice. Chelsea's largest dry goods dealer, M. E. Rice, was born in Brookfield, Vt. becomes better known. Wherever their Coming to Massachusetts at an early age, 164 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED he began his mercantile career as a clerk for the well-known firm of Hogg, Brown & Taylor, of Boston. After gaining a thorough knowledge of the business at that large establishment, he associated himself with Mr. Keene, and in 1872 opened a dry goods store in Milford, Mass.. where he remained eight vears. His first attempt at business was crowned with success, although these were trying times for young merchants, as the country was 1 in t slowly recovering from the inflated M. E. Rice, as at that time Mr. Rice bought his partner's interest, and for the past seventeen years has been the pro- prietor of the largest and most progressive dry goods store in Chelsea, and one of the finest outside of Boston. Mr. Rice has ever been attentive to the wants of the people of Chelsea, and his large trade has been built up by a legitimate effort to serve the interests of his many customers. Four years after he came to this city, the store was increased to double its former RICE'S DRY GOODS STORE, BROADWAY. prices caused by the civil war. Prices for goods were proverbially on the decline, and it was only by persistent hard work and a (lose watch of the market that business could be made a success. In the fall of 1880, Mr. Rice came to Chelsea to look at the stock of Woodward & Lothrop at 222 Broadway, of which store he soon after took possession, and made his debut in business in this city. The new firm was Rice & Miller, but at the expiration of two years the firm became size by the addition of the store adjoining, numbering 224 Broadway. This was done when Mr. Rice's foresight prompted him to see the possibility of holding and in- creasing the trade at his now handsome and prosperous store. The partitions between the two stores were removed, and the big establishment filled with goods that would meet the demand of the people of this vicinity. That this enterprising venture was appreciated was apparent from the beginning, customers finding CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 165 that they could purchase their dry goods at this progressive store at as low prices as was possible across the bridge in Boston, and with much less trouble. In September, 1897, it was determined to make the union of the two stores complete by changing the front, making a large single entrance with whole French plate glass windows on each side, and which now gives the complete and finished appearance of the strictly up-to-date drv several different purchases to make. The departments are, viz. : men's furnishings, linens and domestics, wrappers and waists, infants' wear, handkerchiefs and laces, dress goods and linings, corsets and un- derwear, gloves and hosiery, small wares and notions. There are fifteen clerks employed in the several departments, besides the bookkeeper and cashier. During the busy season this force is in- creased as the occasion demands, while INTERIOR FROM REAR OF M. E. RICE'S STORE. goods store. The store is 120 feet deep and 40 feet wide, finished in ash, which, with abundant overhead light, make it a most desirable place to select goods. All the fixtures in the several departments are of the newest patterns. The Lamson cash carrier is the system used in making change, and seemingly endless waiting is something unknown here. There are several separate and distinct departments in the store, under such management as to make it easy for customers who have during the holiday season, fifty persons are employed. In this connection it may be said that the efficient service provided by the clerks of this store has done no little to increase the large trade enjoyed. Shopping at this store is considered a pleasure by the feminine element. While the place is naturally a headquarters for ladies and their shopping lists, the depart- ment where men's furnishings are kept is well patronized. Here the array of neck- wear, shirts, collars, cuffs and other articles i66 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED of wearing apparel attract a generous patronage. Few stores indeed present greater inducements than this to the public, and certainly none have done more towards appraising Chelsea people of the fact that it pays in more than one way to patronize home stores. This store enjoys the confidence of the people of Chelsea, and will continue to grow to meet the demands of the times. Mr. Rice has never sought political honors. but has always taken a keen interest in the citv's welfare, ^'hen the Winnisim- corner of Broadway and Everett avenue. The store is known as one of the finest in the suburbs of Boston, a large stock of high-grade goods being carried and a high class of trade supplied. The store is a headquarters for fancy groceries and is kept in the best order at all times. The proprietor is one of Chelsea's most ener- getic and public-spirited business men. Jesse Gould & Son. This firm is one of the largest and INTERIOR JEWELRY STORE, F. C. KIBBY, BROADWAY. met bank was charted he became one of the directors, of which board he is still a member. He is also one of the trustees of the Count}' Savings bank of this city, and stands in the front ranks of energetic and enterprising dry goods merchants of the Boston market. Charles L. Noyes & Co. The oldest established grocery store in the city is that conducted for the past seven years by C. L. Noyes & Co., at the oldest insurance agencies in the suburbs of Boston, and is located in their own building on Broadway, and having their Boston office at No. 50 Kilby street. The business of this agency was established by the late Jesse Gould in 1856. He was president of the Chelsea Mutual Insur- ance company which retired from business in 1S66. The founder of this firm was one of the most active men of Chelsea, was a member of the city government, to which body he added strength of char- acter and noble purpose. He was one of CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 167 C. L. NOYES &.CO.S GROCERY STORE, BROADWAY AND EVERETT AVE. INTERIOR C. L. NOYES & CO.'S STORE. i6S CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED the committee on the water when the present works was installed. From the prominent part he took in fur- thering the best inter- ests of the city, and the esteem in which he was held in the community, his death in 1872 removed one whose influence for good wis far-reach- ing. In 1 86 1 his son, Jesse Gould, Jr., be- came associated with him and continued in the firm until his re- tirement from active business in 1893. The concern now consists of C. Willis and James introduction of m stem of water THE LATE JESSE GOULD firm comprises handsome quarters, of which an illustration is shown. The busi- ness which has been established so many years is conducted on a conservative basis, the m a g n itude of which enables the firm to select the leading companies of the world to represent. The list of the twenty- eight stock and seven mutual fire insurance companies of this agency have aggregate assets of $140,000,- 000, and comprise the most substantial and reliable companies in the world. The pres- ent bu i lding, now C. WILLIS GOULD. JAMES GOULD. Gould, also sons of the founder, the busi- ness still being carried on under the name of Jesse Gould & Son. The office of the owned and occupied by the firm, was built in 1885, and, as it possesses all modern improvements, is one of the most CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 169 desirable of Chelsea business structures. The affairs of the Provident Co-operative bank, the business of which institution is under the care of the firm, the secretary and treasurer being C. Willis Gould, are managed in this office. Both members of the firm are known as men of probity of character and unquestioned integrity. Both are identified with financial interests outside of their business and have served firm of T. H. Lane & Co. are enabled to present as desirable a stock of clothing, hats, caps and furnishings before their large trade as any concern in Boston ; and since opening the present store in Win- nisimet square have demonstrated that they are also able and determined to put forward as low prices. If all stores doing business in the suburbs of Boston followed their example, there would, in the opinion INTERIOR INSURANCE OFFICE, JESSE GOULD & SON, BROADWAY. in the city government, adding their full quota to the affairs of the city. James Gould was the first treasurer of the Chelsea Board of trade, and both are well-known figures in social life. T. H. Lane & Co. From advantageous connections with two other large clothing stores, one at Cambridge and another at Lowell, the of the writer, be less necessity for the pro- verbial complaint about people going to Boston for everything they need. A modern store conducted under up-to-date methods is no less appreciated here than elsewhere, the business of this well-patron- ized clothing store demonstrating this beyond doubt. The store has the advan- tage of the best location, and since re- modeled and refitted by the present firm, is possessed of strong drawing qualities. I 70 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED It was in December, 1S97, that the firm of T. H. Lane & Co., composed of Messrs. T. H. Lane and \V. G. Keene, the latter being the resident partner, purchased the bankrupt stock of what was then known as the People's Clothing store, and pro- ceeded to clean out the old stock at prices which made it an easy task. After this the store was entirely remodeled and refitted throughout, new shelving, count- ers, show cases, etc, were put in, and the supplies several other stores, the firm being able to buy at such prices as to do this. Low prices are always in order here and the clerks are all of them well known to the trade. The proprietors are both young men of unusual energy and business capacity, and their several stores are all leaders in their communities. C A. Merriam. Mr. Merriam is probably the most INTERIOR CLOTHING STORE OF T. H. LANE & CO. cashier's desk moved and elevated. The fittings of the store are of oak, the front of mahogany, and the show cases and mirrors are of French plate glass. The establishment is lighted by both gas and electricity. The store is 125 feet deep and about feet in width. Men's, youths', boys' and children's clothing of all grades, with hats, caps and men's furnishings comprise the stock. As well as doing a large retail business, the store widely known among the real estate men of Chelsea. He was born in Boston in 1 84 1, but came to reside in this city when quite young and has since lived here con- tinuously. He has had ample oppor- tunities to learn of the city's expansion and growth, and to take an active part in its development, since the days when Medford street was entirely submerged in water and Campbell's wharf was a sandy beach, where baptisms frequently took CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 171 place. He graduated from the public schools and later enlisted in company H, Fourth Unattached Massachusetts regi- ment, serving with distinction. Mr. Merriam's father was a successful wall paper manufacturer, doing business in both Boston and Chelsea. This industry, founded so many years ago, is still car- ried on on Marshall street, Boston. After the war, father and son became associated in the man- agement of the real es- tate business est ablished by the late John Fenno, a prominent operator of nearly a half century ago, with office on W i n n isim- met street. Merriara, S r . , pur- chased this business in 1857 and, in turn, was succ e e d e d by his son twenty years later, al- though the latter had previ o u s 1 y been inti- mately con- nected with i t s affairs. T h u s the business i s the oldest as well as the largest in the city. Mr. Merriam's transactions in this vicinity have reached an immense figure — perhaps aggregating more than all other agents combined. His sales for the year of 1896 alone amounted to $500,000. His eminent financial sagacity was realized and appreciated in his choice as one of the members of the sinking fund commission, a position he has held for over twelve years. He is a member of Theodore Winthrop post, 35, G.A.R., has served as chaplain and has been treasurer of the relief fund for fourteen years. He is also a member of Robert Lash lodge, F. & A. M., Pilgrim Fathers, Royal Arca- num, Knights of Honor, Chelsea Mutual Benevolent association, Board of trade, and has been general grand vice-president of the American Order of Fraternal help- ers. Mr. Merriara has been honored with a seat in both branches of the city gov- ernment, His religious a ff i liations are with the First Baptist church, and he is a mem- ber of the standing c o m m ittee of the so- ciety. Mr. Merriam may be de- scribed as a most sub- stantial deal- er in a most su bs tantial line of goods. C. A. MERRIAM. C M. Coburn. Independ- ence e and m a r k e d business ability are characteristics of C. M. Coburn, the manager of the Liberty Oil company, whose pumping station is in this city, and office in the Chelsea Savings bank build- ing. The name of this company is the standard bearer of its operations and, headed by its successful manager, has for nine years existed, prospered and grown with rapid strides. This company, to tell the story in a few words, is one which has proven its ability and inclination to I 72 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED conduct its own busi- ness without regard for the enmity of the oil trust ; and, by the competition it creates, oil is sold in the locali- ties where its opera- tions extent!, from one to three cents a gallon less. It is, therefore, a benefit ; and the record of its business each year shows its efforts are appreciat- ed. The resources are much greater than one would ordinarily suppose, and the mag- nitude of its business would be surprising for many to learn. The pumping station is situated on the C. M. COBURN. Boston & Maine rail- road, near the Chelsea depot. From this, three tank teams, each with a capacity of 800 gallons, supply the stores in Chelsea, E v e r e 1 1 , Revere, Beachmont, Charles- town, Neponset, At- lantic and Wollaston. The storage of the company is at East Cambridge, w here 100,000 gallons are usually kept in stock. There, also, the bar- relling and coopering are done, and from that point the com- pany fill all orders for oil in barrels. Water- town and Newton are INTERIOR C. A. MERRIAM'S REAL ESTATE OFFICE. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 1 73 also large purchasers of their products. While enormous quantities of oil are distributed, their operations are by no means confined to that, naptha, gasolene, engine and dynamo oils are dealt in in much larger quantities. The facilities and opportunities for receiving are fully as advantageous as are those of the trust, gas companies, large manufacturing plants and railroads being large consumers of the com- pany's goods, i ,000,000 gallons being supplied one concern dur- ing last year, their trade e x t e n d i ng from the Maritime provinces to Florida. The fact that the company has outlived seven con- cerns who have failed to meet the bit- t e r opposi- tion of the oil magnates, is as remark- able as the large busi- ness carried on by this company. Nine years ago, at the start, one carload of oil would last the company six weeks ; now, from the station here in Chelsea alone, a carload daily is required to fill the orders. For its teaming, including its own and those engaged by contract, thirty horses are required. 200,000 gallons a month are disposed of from the Chelsea station alone. The energetic manager is a native of Maine and has been a resident of Chelsea for the past twenty-seven years. The Lynn & Boston railroad, for whom C. H. FAUNCE. he worked three months as a horse car driver, a year and a half as conductor, and later, four or five years in the receiv- er's and treasurer's office, he now supplies with oils. His connection with the oil business dates back to his association with the late J. Blaisdell, of Chelsea, by whom he was employed as bookkeeper and sales- man for a number of years. After build- ing up and controlling a large trade, he a s s o c i a ted himself with A 1 d e n 5 pea re's Sons 6 Co., with whom he re- mained fif- teen years as agent, having charge of the refined oil, naptha and gas oil de- part m ents, friendly busi- ness relations h a v ing ex- tended with that concern to the present time. Mr. Coburn re- sides on Con- gress avenue, and is a man whose ster- ling integrity and individu- ality of action are well kno w n in business circles. C. H. Faunce. This well-known resident of Chelsea has achieved a high position and an envi- able reputation, as a funeral director and embalmer, in this city and vicinity. His ancestry in this country dates back to John Faunce, who embarked from Eng- land on the "Goode ship Anne," second vessel which landed at Plymouth. The grandfather of Mr. Faunce removed to 174 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Oxford, Me., from Plympton, formerly a part of Plymouth, where the subject of this sketch was born, forty-eight years ago. Entering upon his own resources when a mere boy, he was for eleven years engaged in the woolen manufacturing business, after which time he attended the New Hampshire Conference seminary with the view of entering the ministry. 1 hiring his preparatory course his health failed him, and he was obliged to abandon the profession he had chosen. After a year's illness he went to Summersvvorth and engaged in the undertaking business, which has risen from a mere mechanical trade to the dignity of a profession, and which is his present avocation. It was in May, 1887, that he came to Chelsea and bought out George Studley on Broadway, his establishment be- ing at the present time one of the finest in the suburbs of Bos- ton. He is a gradu- ate of both Clark's and the Egyptian schools of embalming, and his naive urbanity and kindly feeling have done much to soften the blow where he has officiated in cases of bereavement in Chelsea and vicin- ity. Mr. Faunce is a prominent member of several secret orders and social organizations, namely : Sons of American revolution ; Knights Templar Masons ; member of encamp- ment I. O. O. F. ; I. O. R. M. ; Knights of Pythias; Order of American Mechanics; Knights of Malta and Massachusetts Un- dertakers' association. Prescott Chamberlain. PRESCOTT CHAMBERLAIN being in this city, with branches also in Roxbury and Xewtonville. He had re- sided in Chelsea over twenty years, taking a great interest in whatever conduces to its welfare and advancement. He is a native of the historical town of Bristol, Lincoln county, Maine, where he was born Dec. 11, 1S45. His education was received in the Portland, Maine, public schools, his parents removing to that city when he was quite young. He came to Boston in 1S71 with the old firm of Marr Brothers, as bookkeeper. This firm was burned out in the great Boston fire, but continued in their employ for some time after that event. On their retiring from business, he became bookkeeper for Hon. C.A. Campbell, where he remained some three years, leaving there to enter the insurance business some eighteen years ago. He has built up a very lucrative business, and repre- sents a large list of our best American and foreign insurance companies, his pat- onage being of a most desirable class. He is a veteran of the Civil war, having served in a Maine regiment, enlisting when a mere boy. and serving to the end of the war. He is of revolutionary stock and president of Old Suffolk chapter, S. A. R., and a member of the state board of the same society. He is a Knight Templar and member of the Review and Boston Art clubs. A. W. Cheney. This well-known resident is engaged in the insurance and real estate business in Chelsea and boston — his principal office The name of this well-known citizen is synonymous with the oldest and largest express business in Chelsea, established many years ago by Wilson Cheney, the pioneer expressman. His son, A. VV. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED J 75 A. W. CHENEY. Cheney, established himself in the express- ing business forty-one years ago. The growth of this business has been steady, and the enterprise has assumed its present large proportions and become an indis- pensable public service as a natural result of the many years it has existed. The headquarters are at the stables on Eleanor street, near Broadway. Fifteen horses and as many teams, including heavy trucks, are found necessary to con- duct the business. This company is fully abreast of the times, and is managed on a vastly different plan from the oldtime express, which consisted of jobbing. It makes two regular trips daily to and from Boston, order slates dotting every section. Special teams are always to be availed of when necessary to properly accomodate the public. From the headquarters, freight is forwarded to all parts of the United States and Canada. The company also forwards manufacturers' freight to and from all railroads, a large business being done in this line. From twelve to fourteen men are employed. Mr. Cheney has for the past kw years had the able assistance of two of his sons, one of whom is bookkeeper and the other messenger. The head of the express company, A. W. Cheney, was born in this city about sixty years ago. Has been connected with this business since his sixteenth year, and his face is probably a familiar one in nearly every house in Chelsea, while his acquaint- ance extends far and wide in business circles. He served in the Chelsea city government in 1872-73, is a member of the Odd Fellows and Knights of Honor, and one of the many interested citizens of Chelsea. William Stinson, M. D. V. Standing at the head of his profession as a veterinary surgeon is Dr. Stinson, who has been a resident of Chelsea for fully forty years. He was born in Calais, Me., and is of Scotch descent. He has a strong regard for the equine race, and having devoted his life to their care and handling, has a profound knowledge of their ills. He was a graduate of the N. Y. College of Veterinary Surgeons in 1S91, since which time he has practiced with marked success, his skill in curing diseases of animals winning him a reputation second to none in this vicinity and many other localities. His office is at Cobb's WILLIAM STINSON, M. D. V. 1 76 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED stable, on Broadway, and lie resides at 269 Chestnut street. His practice is by no means confined to Chelsea, his serv- ices being regularly called for in East Boston, Charlestown, Everett, Revere, Winthrop and Maiden Centre. He has done much work for this city, inspects all cattle used by the New England Vaccine Co., and is veterinarian as well for the Lynn & Boston R. R. company. He is a member o f the U.S. Vet. Med. associa- tion , the Alumni of N. V. College of Vet. surgeons, the A. O. U. W., the Order of Eraternal helpers and Clan Camp- bell of the Scottish (dans. Dr. S t i n s o n is popular in a large circle of friends, a s well as being one of the most skilful veterinarians in this state. Edward B. Douglas. This well- known funer- al director was born in Portland, Maine, forty-four years ago, and is in every sense a self-made man. One of a family of eleven children, his father, who was a sea captain, died at sea when the subject of this sketch was nine years old, necessitating his earning his own livelihood at this early age, and obtaining his educa- tion after his day's work was done. Being of sturdy Scotch descent, and imbued with his ancestors' desire for knowledge, he secured a practical education under EDWARD B. DOUGLAS. adverse circumstances, at the same time being of material assistance to his widowed mother. At fifteen he came to Boston and learned the trade of a sawmaker, in which work he was engaged for some six years. He came to Chelsea some twenty odd years ago, and after preparing him- self for a professional nurse, was engaged in that vocation for some years. He has been associated with the undertaking business for the past twelve years i n Chelsea, having offici- ated in many cases of bereavement, always exer- cising that n a t u r a 1 1 y kindly man- ner and skill w h i c h lias won for him a high repu- tation. His first five years were devoted to managing for the widow of the late James Lvnde, Jr., whose w a r e r ooms were first 1 o c ated on Third street, later at 299 Broadway. It was six years ago last Oc- tober that he bought out her interest, good-will, and started in for himself, removing to his present handsomely fitted up establish- ment at 411 Broadway, November, 1897, having purchased the entire building and fitted up the warerooms. He is a gradu- ate of Clark's School of Embalming, and a member of the Massachusetts Under- takers' association. He is a member of a long list of social and fraternal organi- zations, viz. : a Knight Templar Mason CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED x 77 C. H. BLACK. tain about fifty horses and a large number of wagons. Under his father, he received a practical and valuable experience in road building and gen- eral street work, and in 1887 he was appointed superintendent of streets, in which capacity he served for a period of eight years. When the office was combined with that of the city engineer, he retired, but for several months has acted in the ca- pacity at the request of the highway committee. Outside of his large teaming business and duties in his temporary position as superintendent of streets, Mr. Black is harbor master of Chelsea ; treasurer of the New England Smoke Consumer Co. He is a member of Robert Lash lodge, Shekinah chapter, Napthali council, Palestine commandery and Aleppo Temple, Mystic shrine ; Mystic lodge, I. O.O. F. ; Order of Fraternal Help- ers ; Massachusetts Benefit Associa- tion ; New England Order of Protec- tion ; American Legion of Honor ; Alter Ego and Review clubs, and Chelsea Board of trade. Mr. Black is a republican in politics. In 1S74 he was Born in Swanville, Me., Charles Henry married to Jennette Jameson Brown. Black is a descendant of the early New They have had five children : Maude England settlers, his great-great-grand- Sawyer, a recent graduate of Wellesley father coming to Chelsea in 1765. His father was William Henry Black, ' ; ' who served in the Civil war as cap- tain of company K, 26th Maine regulars. On the maternal side his ancestry took a prominent part in the early affairs of the "pine tree" state. Young Black was educated in the common schools and in 1870 entered mercantile life in the employ of Dwinell & Co., wholesale tea and coffee dealers, where he remained two years. He then became associ- ated with O'Hara & Bullard, gaining business experience in Boston and New York city. Upon the decease of his father, in 1S75, he purchased from the heirs his present large teaming business, which for several years has been conducted by the C. H. Black Co. of which he is mana- ger and treasurer. His stables con- mccann block, broadway. C H. Black. i 7 8 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED college, Jennette Chester, Stephen Miller (died Dec. 6, 1887), Martha Louise and Grace Libby. Mr. Black resides with his family on Washington avenue. William Hart Taylor. A resident of Chelsea for the past fourteen years and a man well up in his vocation is William Hart Taylor, the well- known architect. Although his business life has made him an adopted resident of this city, he was brought up in the granite state and is a New Hampshire "boy." He received his education at Penacook Chipman and the Hersom Brothers. The new quarters of the County Savings bank were also fitted up under his plans and direction. His reputation extends out- side the limits of Boston and he was the architect on the new Everett school. He is a member of the Chelsea Board of trade, Alter Ego club, A. O. U. W., and V. M. C. A., of Chelsea. George E. Morrill. A prominent resident of Chelsea is George E. Morrill, who enjoys the distinc- tion of being the oldest grocer in the city. WILLIAM HART TAYLOR. academy and for the past ten years has been an architect and draftsman, starting in the office of C. A. Wellington & Co., one of the best-known firms of Boston, and who had offices at 44 Boylston street. Since opening his present office at 6 Beacon street, Boston, Mr. Taylor has drawn the plans for several of the more modern Chelsea buildings and his talent has received much public commendation. Among the structures standing as conclu- sive evidence of his skill may be particu- larly mentioned the gateway at Woadlawn, the handsome residences of Dr. W. R. GEORGE E. MORRILL. A formal introduction to the reader by the columns of this souvenir is therefore unnecessary, as he is known not only by the patrons of his store but in other circles of life. His commercial career has been marked by decided successes, and he stands particularly high in the esteem of the wholesale trade. He was born in Boston, May 1 1, 1844, coming to Chelsea at the age of eleven and finishing his education in the public schools of this city. He enlisted in company H, 43rd Mass. regiment, in 1862, and continued in the service until the expiration of his CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED i 79 term of enlistment. He has been a member of both branches of the city gov- ernment and was chosen to the house of representatives in 1SS5 and 1SS6, from the twenty-sixth Suffolk district. As a legislator of the city and state, he wisely and thoroughly cared for the interests of his ward or district, yet with an eye to the common good. He resides in one of Chelsea's comely residences on Wash- ington ave- nue. He is a man of ster- 1 i n g integ- rity, and is one of the trust e es of the Chelsea Savings bank of which in- stitution h e is also vice- president and member of the invest- ment c o m- mittee. He is an active member of the Central C o ng r e g a - tional church and has been prominently associated in the work of the Sunday school, hav- ing served as superintend- ent. Mr. Morrill's place of busi- ness is at the corner of Williams and Chestnut streets. He has a most desir- able patronage. Photo by Purdy. WALLACE SPOONER. Wallace Spooner. Born in Boston, but for seventeen years a resident of this city, Wallace Spooner has become known as a leading and representative citizen. In 1881 he was married to S. Challis, daughter of James S. and Julia Challis. Mrs. Spooner died in December, 1897. Upon his marriage, Mr. Spooner made his home here and he has fully identified himself with Chelsea, showing intense interest in its development and progress. He has also been associated with its civic affairs, and has always shown a readiness to devote his time and give the benefit of his experience in behalf of every move- ment that has for its object t h e promotion of the city's welfare in both its ma- terial and moral ad- vancement. Mr. Spooner is a master printer, and since 1882 has success- ful lly con- ducted the business es- tablished in Boston in 1856 by his father, John S. Spooner, which he has continue d without i n - ter mission therefore for sixteen years. Since becoming an adopted resident o f Chelsea, Mr. Spooner has taken his full part in the handling of public affairs. In 1894 he was a member of the lower branch of the city government, represent- ing ward one and serving on the commit- tees of printing and street lighting. So acceptable were his services as a member of the common council, that upon the abolishment of that body, he was urged to accept the nomination to the board of aldermen, but at the time private business i8o CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED demands upon his time and attention were so pressing and of such a type that he was obliged to decline. Since 1888 he has been a member of the Independ- ent Order of Odd Fellows, and in 1896 was noble grand of Mystic lodge, No. 51. For several years was a member of the First Mass. Volunteer militia, and at the time of his retirement was a member of the non-commissioned staff of the regi- ment. Af- fable and agreeable in the social re- 1 a t i o n s of life, prompt and reliable i n business affairs, the s u b j ec t of this sketch co mman d s the regard of his friends and the re sp e c t and esteem of his fellow citizens. Franklin Osgood Barnes. IFRANKLIN O. BARNES. One whose long service in public life has m a d e a prominent resident o f Chelsea is franklin O. Barnes. He was born in Chelsea, Nov. 14, 184 1, a son of lien II. Barnes, who moved here in [839 and who died after having been a promi- nent factor in the affairs of the place. The son was educated in the Chelsea public schools and enlisted in the service private, but soon after was made a corporal in company H, 43rd Mass. vol- unteers, and engaged in action in North Carolina just before his twenty-first birth- day. His company carried the regiment colors and he saw active service. After retirement from the army he was offered a position in the Internal Revenue service at lloston, where for several years he was employed. In 1874 he was made clerk of the police court of Chelsea and served in that capacity until 1879, when the office was abolished. Since that time he has been in the public eye almost contin- uously and has conducted a legal business, being well versed on all matters of law. He en- tered the city government in 1 8 7 o , serving that and the fol- lowing year, a n d w a s a g a i n re- elected in 1875 and '76, both of which terms he was pres- ident of the c o m m o n council. In 1878 he was elected a member o f t h e school b oa r d, for three years since which time he has served con- tinu ously, now for the twentieth year. In 18S9 he was made a member of the state legislature, being re-elected in 1890, '95, '96 and '97, being appointed and serving on important committees and taking an active part in the house. He was popular among members of the legislature and was mentioned for speaker by a Boston daily. Mr. Barnes is prominent in secret and fraternal societies. He is a past commander and a charter member of Theodore Winthrop post, G. A. R., past CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 181 master of Robert Lash lodge F. & A. M. and a member of St. John's chapter. He is past regent of Crescent council Royal Arcanum, past master workman and for the last eighteen years has been recorder of Bay State lodge A. O. U. W. ; past grand chief Knights of the Golden Eagle of Massachusetts ; past grand leader in the Home Circle and a member of its supreme council. He is also a past ¥ $ N. DODGE. president of Garfield lodge and member of the general grand lodge Ancient Order Fraternal Helpers. He has shown a marked interest in the city of his birth and has a wide acquaintance. G. N. Dodge. Well known in Chelsea as a good citi- zen, and in this and surrounding cities and towns as a most energetic business man, is G. N. Dodge, the wholesale produce dealer, whose storehouse is situ- ated at the corner of Sixth and Walnut streets, and who resides on Washington avenue. He was born in Essex, Mass., forty-seven years ago, and has resided in Chelsea since he engaged in the retail grocery business here some years ago. Selling out his business to Rogers & Cuthbertson, he went into the whole- sale grocery business, his success being the result of ceaseless energy and advan- tages secured in buying goods. He han- dles the product of three Vermont creameries, viz : La Moil river, Pesumpsic and Hillside at Windsor, the product of the last taking the second prize at the World's fair. Mr. Dodge began business life on a wholesale candy team, and car- ried on a successful business in supplying the trade in that line for fifteen years. Although by no means wealthy, Mr. Dodge has built up a large trade, and is perhaps one who would have achieved success in almost anything he undertook. He is strongly devoted to his business and no less so to his family, which com- GEORGE H. JONES. prises an excellent helpmeet, two boys and three girls, all of whom he is justly proud for their display of talent in differ- ent directions. His summer home is at Conomo point, near Gloucester. George H. Jones. One of the most familiar figures of Chelsea for more than fifty years was £S2 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED the late William Jones, father of the subject of this sketch, and who first en- g _< (1 in the steam and gas fitting busi- ness which he conducted in Chelsea for several years, inventing the Jones Empire Gas burner, on the same principles of which invention all gas heaters are now made. Later he engaged in the milk business, and finally became a large real estate owner. He was born in England and when only ten years old travelled over the mountains in Wales to where his ancestors were born. Some sixty years ago he sailed for New York and from there went almost to Florida, which was then a wild country. He afterwards twice started for Europe but was shipwrecked on both voyages. During one of these disasters which befell him he is said to have saved several from drowning the descend- ants of whom are now living in Chelsea. William Jones w a s therefore esteemed by all who knew him, and his business asso- ciates considered him a man far above the average in honesty and integrity and one possessed of christian principle. His death occurred some four years ago, a wife and seven children surviving him, one of whom is represented in the previous engraving and is a well-known resident of this city. He is a member of several of its organizations, includ- ing the board of trade. He is also one of the trustees and treasurer of the Winnisimmet Real Estate association and has well earned the reputation accorded him, that of being a most active and successful young business man. He is engaged in the real estate business, with an office at 10 Tremont street. I lost on. F. E. Winslow. F. £. Photo by Purdy. This old resident of Chelsea conducts a prosperous plumbing business with store and shop on Broadway, and holds the office of inspector of plumbing. He is a native of the state of Maine, and since he was thirteen years of age, at which time his father, who was a sea captain and lost at sea, he has resided in Chelsea. It was at that early age, after he came with his sister to live with his aunt, that he started to shift for himself, as the term goes, and can therefore be termed a self-made man. He learned his trade with Mr. Kent, and for nearly thirty years has been engaged in business in Boston a n d Chelsea. A t times he furnishes employment to several well-paid hands and is considered one ot the most practical men on questions of plumbing, ventilating a n d heating. His experience and thor- ough knowledge of the business make him well adapted for his position as inspect- or. Mr. Winslow has served as a member of the city govern- ment, both in the common council and winslow. on the board of water commissioners, in the latter body serving for six years. He is a member of several organizations, among which are the Order of Fraternal Helpers, the Red Men, the Royal Arcanum, the A. ( ). U. W., the Pilgrim Fathers, being governor of Suffolk colony in the last order. He resides on Bellingham street and for many years has been active in the Mount Bellingham Methodist-Episcopal church, where he was at one time super- intendent of the Sunday school. As a citizen and a business man he stands hi eh. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED '83 RESIDENCE AT LYNN MOVED BY JOHN SOLEY. comfortable home are his yards where his teams and building moving apparatus are kept. He is one of the largest in his line in the state and his operations extend far outside the limits of Boston ; and occasion- ally he is called out- side of Massachusetts. His skill as a building mover and contractor makes his services and that of his large corps of men, which varies from thirty to seventy, as the occasion re- quires, in steady demand. Besides mov- ing large buildings safely and successfully, he makes contracts for raising roofs and moving boilers and the heaviest machinery and setting the same in position. He has offices at 1 7 Otis and 166 Devonshire streets, Boston, 102 Central avenue, Lynn, and 37 Webster street, Hyde Park. His business is an extensive one. Appended are illustra- tions of two of the large number of brick buildings moved by his competent force of men. One of these, a brick residence at Lynn weighing about 900 tons and the other a savings bank building at Newton. Mr. Soley is one of the ablest members of the Chelsea city government, and is highly pop- ular in the community in which he resides. From his promi- nence in public affairs and extended reputa- tion, Alderman John Soley needs no intro- duction in the pages of this book. During the many years he has resided and made his business headquarters here, he has shown that spirit of progress which wins success in all things undertaken. He resides on Maple street and near his BUILDING AT NEWTON MOVED BY JOHN SOLEY. 184 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Woodsum Bros. Situated on Arlington street near the Chelsea station, their property adjoining the eastern division of the Boston iV Maine railroad, is the firm of Woodsum Bros. They are engaged in the hay, straw, grain and feed business, their stock being sufficiently large for their rapidly increasing trade. They are suc- cessors to G. A. Hall & Co., whose busi- ness they purchased in September, 1897, at No. 2 Sixth street. Being possessed of unusual enterprise they soon increased the business of their predecessor to such an extent that they were oblig- ed to seek 1 a r g e r quart e r s , and the foil o w i n g March purchased the build- ing and moved to their pres- e n t loca- tion. Be- sides pos- sessing un- ex c elled f aci lities for receiv- ing goods by rail, a spur track of the Boston i\- Maine adjoining their building, they have a very large storage capacity, their building being 120x40 feet in dimen- sion. Although they are young men, G. A. Woodsum but 25 and W. F. about 23, they have the benefit of valuable experi- ence. This they acquired from their father, J. A. Woodsum, who was once the largest wholesale shipper of hay from the Kennebec valley. That he gave his sons valuable schooling in their present business, is demonstrated by their success in Chelsea. Two teams are required to fill the orders WAREHOUSE OF WOODSUM BROS. of the trade. They are natives of China, Me., where they were educated and their father now resides. Phillips & Hodgdon. Supplying a large family trade is the firm known as Phillips & Hodgdon, whose large coal pockets are situated on Marginal street. The business was founded in 1873, under the name of Phillips, Taylor & Co., the original mem- bers being George E. Phillips, Theo. N. Taylor and John K. Hodgdon, all of whom are now deceased. The business as originally c a r r i e d o n w a s diminutive compared to that d one at the present d a y . In 1S86, Mr. Taylor withd r e w from t h e firm, being in delicate health, and died the follow- i n g year. After his retirement the con- cern be- c a m e known as Phillips &: Hodgdon, and has continued as such to the present time. In 1896, Mr. Hodgdon, who was most active in public affairs and prominent in social organizations, was removed by death. In 189S, Mr. Phillips, who was a well- known resident of Melrose, after a long and protracted period of ill health, passed away. During the past few years, the responsibility of continuing the business has devolved upon the manager, and the noticeable increase in the firm's busi- ness shows that it is ably conducted. The large wharf property owned and CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 185 occupied for this extensive coal business is 300 feet deep and possesses 100 feet of water front. The exceedingly deep water at these wharves makes it an especially desirable place for vessels to unload. A high-grade, clean coal is dealt in, a specialty being made in family trade in Chelsea and immediate vicinity. Wood, hay and grain are also dealt in and the firm's operations have grown to large proportions, 20,000 tons of coal a year being handled. Orders at this wharf or any of their branch offices are responded to with a proverbial prompt- ness, which, with the reputation of the firm for reliability and business integrity, have done much towards increasing the business to its present extent. David Caro. An old and esteemed resident of Chel- sea, standing high in business circles, is David Caro, the pioneer in the crockery line, who for over a score of years has conducted a successful business here under the name of D. Caro. During that period he has been located in the imme- diate vicinity of his present store, 239 Broadway, where he removed in 1SS5. The store has since been enlarged to double its original size to meet the requirements of the growing business. The establishment is favorably known as Caro's Department store and is over 100 feet deep. Contained there is the end- less variety of goods usually found in a store of its kind, and so closely is it stocked that it almost bulges out at the sides, so to speak. The many depart- ments, all of which are small stores in themselves, show goods at prices which would seem to vanquish the competition of the Boston stores, and it is a well- known fact that the establishment does much to retain the trade justly accorded to home industry. The store has been noticeably improved every year, new attractions in the way of goods are found every day. A general stock of kitchen furnishings, crockery, china, glass and table ware, notions, toys, hardware, lamps, and the thousand and one things contained make the place one much fre- quented by the local house-keeper. New departments will be added from time to time. Although not a native of Chelsea, his long residence has won him the acquaintance and regard of a majority of the residents; while his business dealings have been such as to gain him the confi- dence of the community and the buying public. He has always felt a warm inter- est in the city of his adoption, and is a member of the different Masonic bodies here, as well as beinsr a member of the DAVID CARO. United Workmen, Royal Arcanum and board of trade. C. H. Adams. .Success attained in the face of great obstacles is the story stated regarding the now well-known druggist, Charles Homans Adams of Washington avenue. He has resided and done business in this city since August, 1S96, when he came here from his home in Gloucester and purchased the store, the trade of which, together with the tone of the establish- ment, he has elevated in no small degree. He was born in Gloucester, and is a son of iS6 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Geo. W. Adams, Jr., the hero of the blowing up of the Commodore Jones in the late rebellion, and who was presented with a cutlass on an occasion calling for patriotic demonstration by the inhabi- tants of that city. His son obtained his education at 1 himmer academy, South Byfield, and has been associated with the drug business since he was sixteen years of age. He learned the first mysteries of the business at A. J. Atkinson's, Newburyport, after which he was em- ployed at Kettle's, one of the most reliable pharmacies in the city of Boston. From K. A. E. (). He is also one of the many eligible to the Sons of the American revo- lution and a member of the Knights of Malta, American Mechanics and Sons of Veterans. R. H. Nichols. An energetic business man of up-to- date methods is R. H. Nichols, the pro- prietor of the Bay State press, now located in new and improved quarters at 1 6 Washington avenue. The business of this live job printer was established over ten years ago, and in that time he has C. H. ADAMS. I'ii <io by Purtly. there he went to Franklin and was em- ployed by A.C.Dana, some time after which he went to Pittsburg and started in business tor himself. Selling out there on account of ill health he returned to his mother's home in Gloucester and located here as before stated. In making a first- class drug store out of his establishment, now safely patronized by women and children, he has won the approbation of the public in the vicinity. He has, as well, become active in business and social circles. He was recently elected excellent senator of Mount Carmel senate H. NICHOLS. built up a good patronage and reputation for turning out every variety of good and thorough work in his line. His new and handsome quarters, which are on the ground floor, were moved into in May, 1898, to meet the demands of a largely increased business, and much has been added to facilitate the mechanical work of the office, as well as a desirable stock of stationery. New type and paper cut- ting machine with facilities for binding and engraving. These, with rapid elec- tric power presses and the many fonts of new type, make the equipment of the CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Vermont, a resident of Washington ave- nue and a member of the Alter E°o club. W. R. Bennett. W. R. BENNETT. place complete. Mr. Nichols is known as a thoroughly practical and artistic printer, and excels in the printing of wedding cards, business cards, billheads, letterheads, envelopes, dance orders, pro- grammes, by-laws and other work. He invariably fulfils his promises and evi- dently realizes that in the pro- duction of his work he is in competition with Boston fi r m s . The fact that since coming to Chelsea, in 1887, he has held his e n d well u p proves his ability to execute the work of both large and small orders. For the past two years he has had com- plete charge of the printing of the city reports. He is a native of Among the many successful business men of Chelsea, W. R. Bennett is promi- nent. His achievements reflect credit upon his close application to business. He was born in Cincinnati, August, 1863, and with his parents came to Chelsea in 1875. After finishing his education in the local public schools he went to work in a grocery store, and by close economy and self denial saved the wherewithal to start in business for himself. It was therefore that in 1885, with $365 capital, he embarked in the business that has grown, year by year, to its present pro- portions. His first location was on Broadway in the vicinity of his present attractive and generously stocked store, but a decade ago he purchased the old Grace chapel structure and converted the same into his present establishment. His trade comprises a large number of the leading families of the city and he sup- plies meats, provisions and groceries to his customers, three teams being kept busy delivering goods. The market over which he presides and to which he gives his undivided attention is conceded to be INTERIOR OF W. R. BENNETT'S STORE. i88 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED one of the neatest and most attractive in the vicinity of Boston. .Mr. Dennett provides for his patrons the very best the market affords, a statement easily verified. At the time of his marriage in 1894, he built a comely residence on Clark avenue where he now resides with his wife and two children. He is a member of Mystic lodge, I. O. O. F. and the Essenic order. His attractive store, now notice- ably enlarg- ed, is located at the corner of Broadway and Eleanor street. Herbert H. Carter. Among the business men taking an ac- tive interest in the welfare of Chelsea, is Herbert H. Carter, a well known funer- a 1 director, whose office and ware- rooms are on Broad w a y . He was born in Lowell in i860. It was in the bustling "city of spindles" that he spent his boyhood days and obtained his education. In 1876, he removed to Chelsea and associ- ated himself with the late Henry Noyes, his stepfather, and started to learn the undertaking business. Inder his step- father's tutorship, young Carter had ex- cellent training, and after acting as assistant, he succeeded to the business at the decease of Mr. Noyes. He has since maintained the high reputation of the place, keeping up the equipments HERBERT H. CARTER. needed for a high class of patronage, and is considered a leading and up-to-date funeral director. He takes full charge of all arrangements and details necessary in the homes where death enters the door, his capabilities, experience and kindly manner gaining him much prestige in this vicinity. He is a prominent figure in fraternal circles. Mr. Carter is con- nected with all the Masonic bodies in Chelsea, be- ing a Knight Templar and a member of t h e Mystic shrine. H e is also much interested in the Indepen- dent Order of Odd Fel- lows, being a member of both the Scarlet E n - cam p m e n t and Canton. He is also identified w i t h the Kn igh t s of Pythias, Im- proved Order of Red Men and Sons of Veterans. Mr. Carter is a member of the Alter Ego club. He conducts a sue c e ssful business and the fittings of his establishment make it one of the best in the suburbs of Boston. He is thoroughly schooled in the art of embalming and conducts his vocation with professional skill. C. N. Perkins. Charles N. Perkins was born and brought up on a farm in the State of New- York. He was one of four sons. He CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 189 disliked farm life, but he did love music, and at the age of eight years wanted a violin. Having procured one he began, taking lessons of Professor Gleason. Having a good ear for music practice he learned fast, and at the age of nineteen played in the band of Professor E. Lee, continuing some three years. He was then attending the high school at Claver- ick, N. Y., and at the end of two years graduated and taught school for a num- ber of terms thereafter. Retiring from teaching he went into the grocery busi- ness, making this a success in like man- working his way up, continuing with C. I). Blake & Co. for the past ten years. Although meeting with many hard strug- gles through hard times, today we find him located in a finely stocked store at 394 Broadway, Chelsea, containing pianos, sewing machines and stationery. He is master of his hard earned business and one now can congratulate him on his success in this city. James Carroll Denning. An energetic young business man is J C. N. PERKINS. ner. Meeting his wife at this time, she being from Chelsea, he sold out his grocery business after ten years, and came to Chelsea with her, where, in a few days after arrival he obtained a position on the L. & B. R. R., as a con- ductor, which he held for one year. Relinquishing that he engaged with a sewing machine company, with whom he remained three years. Meeting with C. D. Blake & Co., of Boston, the large piano dealers, he engaged as a canvasser with good results. He soon started a small store in Chelsea with two pianos, JAMES C. DENNING. Photo by Purdy. James Carroll Denning, the well-known contractor and builder. He was born in this city about thirty years ago, and ob- tained his education in the local public schools. He learned his trade in the good and thorough way, serving his time as an apprentice under James A. Flannigan. Being an apt apprentice he became a skilful workman, and during the many years employed by Mr. Flannigan, he was engaged in the building of many impor- tant structures, two years of his work being in Cambridge and one year in Washington, D. C. That his wide ex- 190 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED INTERIOR OF OFFICE OF GEORGE F. WILCOX. perience in the contracting business while employed by others was profitable to him was duly demonstrated when he engaged in business for himself in 1894, in South Boston, with a partner, where the firm carried out several important contracts and employed numerous hands. Some months ago, he opened his present shop in Chelsea, located at the rear of 88 Congress avenue. He does a large job- bing business, and has the reputation of being one of the most reliable and practi- cal men in his line. He possesses thor- oughly modern ideas in all matters pertaining to his trade, and it is stated on good authority, that his estimates on large or small jobs scarcely deviate a hair from the ultimate cost. Having resided in Chelsea all his life, he has a wide acquaintance in business and social circles. He was for several years an active member of the St. Rose Tem- perance and Benevolent society, and is a prominent member of council 83, Knights of Columbus. George F. Wilcox. Among the youngest business men of Chelsea is George F. Wilcox, who con- ducts the real estate and insurance busi- ness at 318 Broadway. He is one of the hustling young men of the city, and is a son of James F. Wilcox, a veteran of the late war and thirty years a resi- dent of Chelsea. He is employed by some of the Boston property owners here and does no little in looking after the care and sale of local real estate. Well versed in the value and location of available houses and land he is enabled to offer at his office many inducements for people to invest in or rent houses here. He is well known in this city, hav- ing been brought up here. He is a member of the Alter Ego club and a justice of the peace. An illustration of his busy office and portrait of himself are presented herewith. J. F. Sullivan & Co. A firm well adapted to the business carried on successfully for the past eight years is J. F. Sullivan «S: Co., the well- known real estate dealers, who have an office at 416 Broadway, Chelsea. Mr. J. F. SULLIVAN'S REAL ESTATE OFFICE. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED 191 Sullivan is a native of this city and ob- tained his education in the public schools, entering on his business life in the employ of the New England News Co., on Frank- lin street, Boston, where for eight years he held the position of cashier. His entree in business circles on his own account was crowned a success from the start. He attends to his full share of the business in his line, taking entire charge and care of property, negotiating mort- gages, buying, selling, appraising and transferring real estate. At his office on Broadway he has the name of ever having a large list of desirable tenements. He has also been identified with some impor- tant sales and transactions, and merits the confidence reposed in him by the community. He also writes fire insur- ance, representing the Germania Fire Insurance Co., of New York, and the Magdeburg Insurance company, of Ger- many. He is an active member of Chelsea Board of trade, and is known as one of the wide-awake young business men of this city. D. H. Sullivan. This real estate and insurance man claims the distinction of being the only man in his line in this city especially trained and instructed for the same. He left the high school in 1S80, and studied the business from root to branch until 1889, when be launched out for himself and now is a leading real estate agent. He is thoroughly familiar with the value and conditions of almost every piece of realty, and an expert on appraisal. His principal business is buying and selling real estate, and he has passed through his office some of the largest conveyances. Being a Chelsea boy he takes pride in his native city, and it is always his pleas- ure when away from home, no matter in what city, to sign from Chelsea. Mr. Sullivan combines with his business the care of estates and collection of rents, a branch needing constant attention which his experience and prompt returns have gratified and added to his clients. In- surance forms an important branch of his business and his prompt and liberal settlement of losses places him in the foreground. He is the resident agent of a number of foreign and home companies, among which may be mentioned the Norwich Union society of London, Eng- land ; American, of Boston, and Spring Garden, of Philadelphia. He is scarcely D. H. SULLIVAN. Photo by Purely. 34 years old, his energy, enterprise and thorough knowledge and experience bid fair to win him a mark in his business. George F. Slade, Jr. When it comes to photographs, the subject of this sketch, from his valuable work for this volume, comes in for honor- able mention. Although a young man, few in the opinion of the writer, who claims to be somewhat of a judge of the merits of photographs, are possessed of more ability to make satisfactory work in their every attempt than this same talented photographer. He is no stranger to the resident readers of this book, hav- ing been born and brought up in Chelsea. He is a son of George F. Slade, the well- known resident of Cary avenue. After obtaining his education in the public J 9 2 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED schools he became associated with his father in the cigar manufacturing busi- ness. His love for the camera soon prompted him to develop a rare talent and finally he engaged in the art as a business. He makes views of all kinds, many of which are shown in this work ; also developing, printing and mounting amateur effort. During the summer months he has a location at Lake Sunapee, New Hampshire, but during the rest of the year he is to be found at 25 Cary ness for himself he was employed for five years in Boston at the studio of Miller & Kowell. Fourteen years ago he opened up a studio for himself at 280 Broadway, Chelsea, removing to his present hand- somely fitted up establishment eight years ago. He is a first-class all around photo- grapher, excelling in both portrait and out door work. At his studio specimens of his pictures include a large number of Chelsea citizens, while many of his views are reproduced in this book. He is a , „ GEORGE F. SLADE, JR. Photo by Purdy. avenue, with office at the Bay State press, 16 Washington avenue. He is invariably to be relied upon as to prom- ises, and his work in all the branches he undertakes is of the very highest grade. C. E. Brown. C. E. BROWN. This well-known photographer, whose studio is at 327 Broadway, was born in Auburn, X. H. His father, J. S. Brown, served in the war of 1S12. The subject of this sketch, after obtaining his educa- tion, came to Chelsea, and after the war broke out in 1S63, enlisted in the service. Before starting in the photographing busi- member of the G. A. R., Red Men and Order of Fraternal Helpers. George T. Putnam. Chelsea's leading photographer, George T. Putnam, with studio at 198 Broadway, Chelsea square, many of whose portraits and views are reproduced in this work, has resided and carried on business in Chelsea for the past six years. It was in 1892 that he took the studio formerly conducted by Hayden, and has since won for the place a high reputation. His work compares favorably with that eman- ating from the leading studios of the state CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED l 9i WASHINGTON TABLET. and his prices are much more reasonable. The studio is the finest equipped and larg- est in Chelsea and one of the largest outside of Boston. He is up to date in producing pictures, those made at his studio embracing every branch of photog- raphy, including life size crayons, pastel and water color portraits. As a view artist, he is well known. Having been engaged in the business for the past thirty years, it is doubtful if any photographer in this state has a greater knowledge of his avocation. Washington Tablet. The accompanying tablet was placed in the wall of Washington park in 1889, by ex-Mayor Hermon W. Pratt, and was the first tablet erected in the city of Chelsea. The land-mark was formerly the stepping stone of the old home known as the Washington Pratt house, which was re- moved in 1855 and supposed to have been 250 years old. Here Captain Thomas Pratt lived during the first three quarters of the last century, and in the vicinity his descendants still reside. Henry M. Greer. Mr. Greer is the son of Henry J. Greer, the well-known journalist and teacher of shorthand at the English High school, Boston. The younger Mr. Greer is engaged in the real estate and insurance business and, beyond a doubt, is the junior of any one similarly employed in this vicinitv, having but recently passed his twentieth year. For some time he assisted his father and for two years was connected with the busi- ness department of the Boston Post. He succeeded last Febru- ary to the business of the late D. C. Sisson, and has his office on upper Broadway, Chelsea, the same being in a part of the city that is growing rapidly, as regards popu- lation and new buildings. He is a discriminating judge of real estate values and has on hand desirable property for sale or to rent. A large number of tenements have also been placed in his charge. The fol- lowing fire insurance companies are repre- sented through this office : Globe, of New York, Norwalk, and the American, of Newark, N. J., one of the richest organi- zations of its kind in the country. Mr. Greer is a member of the Chelsea Cycle club. For a young man, he has had an HENRY M. GREER. extensive experience, and, as he has kept his eyes open, it is telling to advantage. The Chelsea Gazette. The Chelsea Gazette was established by Messrs. Arthur B. and Henry L. 194 CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED Champlin, and the first issue appeared on April 3, 1886. In size it was the same as that of today, a six column quarto. From the very first it achieved popularity. In politics it was republican. While con- trolled by its founders, Hon. Arthur B. Champlin became mayor of Chelsea, and subsequently state senator, both of which facts gave prestige to the newspaper, and it enjoyed a season of great prosperity. Subsequently, the mayor and senator be- c o m i n g i n - t e r e s t e d in other busi- ness enter- p ri s es, the n e w spa p er cause of nodicense was aggressively cham- pioned. Success crowned nearly every- thing the Gazette undertook, and the results are seen today in the better and improved Chelsea. In typographical ap- pearance, in general handling and presen- tation of news matter, and in editorial policy, the Gazette is now ranked with the best of local newspapers in Massachu- setts, and its ideas have been widely copied. In Conclusion. GEORGE J. ri,,, i,, by Purdy. WILLIAM ALCOTT. I'hoto by Purdy. was to some extent neg- lected, and at the end of its tenth year it had lost some of its former pres- tige. On July 13, 1896, the Gazette was bought by Messrs. George J. ami William Alcott and John I,. Wright. At once it jumped into the popularity of Chelsea readers. Changes in the make- up were made, a new dress of type was put in, illustrations of local persons and scenes were presented each week, ener- getic efforts were put forth to get news, and a number of reforms in municipal and civic life were agitated. The remov- al of the old brick wall at the naval hospital was accomplished. The adorn- ment of Winnisimmet square was sup- ported. The establishment of parks was urged. The improvement of the streets for bicyclers was endorsed. Better rail- road accommodations were called for. The establishment of unfavorable or obnoxious businesses was opposed. The In acknowledging the generous co- operation of all who have in vari- ous ways assisted in making this volume a success, the compiler would express his keen appreciation. That Chelsea, as a com- munity is possessed of more than the average local pride, public spirit, and generosity was dis- covered at the outset of this enterprise. It is trusted that this book will be accepted john l. wright. as the result of the writer's best effort from the resources at hand. Among those contributing to the souvenir the following are deserving of especial mention : Suffolk Engraving Co., photo - engravings ; The Sparrell Print, composition and presswork ; H. W. Upham & Co., binding : Purdy & Co., Geo. T. Putnam, Geo. F. Slade, Jr., and C. E. Brown, photographers ; John II. ( 'rand on, sketch of Chelsea Hoard of trade. C. B. < in 1 ESPIE. CHELSEA ILLUSTRATED *95 Errata. Page 52, sketch of Kimball Easter- December, 1864, instead of 1863 as brook : promoted first lieutenant, Nov- implied. Page 23, Hose house building, ember 1864, appointed quartermaster, R. S. Frost Hose 3, instead of Hose t. 'I ' » i r 5^° ra ^kin^^ : Buck.Man^- ,$£$ se EVERETT AVE. 8c MAPLE STS. CHELSEA , MASS. 196 \l>\ ERTISEMENTS. ■^^mm^mm^9m^mmmmmmm^^^m^mmmmm^mmmm^mmm^&m^^^mmm^^mmBB ALWAYS UP-TO-DATE. THE SPARRELL PRINT It is related that the children of Israel could not make bricks without straw. It is equally difficult to produce modern effective printing without facilities. To say that we are the best printers in New England, even -if true, would perhaps hardly be in good taste. « * « « « To be the cheapest we have no desire. We never sacrifice the legitimate profit necessary to best work merely to keep a competitor from getting the order. The Sparrell Print possesses the best equipped office in New England. It is at your service at the lowest prices consistent with most excellent results. No. 55 Franklin Street, Boston Telephone 2724. # AEIVERTISF.MI NTS. 197 I Avl?^ Kit 198 \I>\ TRTTSF.MF.NTS. Winnisimmet National Bank Capital, $100,000. Surplus, $20,000. J. H. CUNNINGHAM, President. ALBERT D. BOSSON, Vice-President. E. H. LOWELL, Cashier. ALBERT D. BOSSON. NATHAN F. CARRUTH. JOHN H. CUNNINGHAM. WM. C CUTLER. DIRECTORS. GEO. H. HOOD. JOHN C. LOUD. M. EUGENE RICE. GEO. B. SWETT. SCOTT F. BICKFORD. JOHN H. WILKINSON. ALFRED S. FOSTER. AUGUSTUS L. THORNDIKE. OLIVER S. FOSTER. ADVERTISEMENTS. 199 ORDERED BY PHYSICIANS FOR THE SICK ROOM, AND PRONOUNCED AN EXCELLENT WATER FOR ALL DOMESTIC PURPOSES J* Jt m % Columbia § Litbia Spring Plater | IS A SUPERIOR WATER ^ PURE, SOFT and NATURALLY OXYGENATED Delivered in five-Gallon Glass Carboys, at 5c per Gallon. ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. 6. D. Dow8 & Co. Revere, JMass. ADVERTISEM1 NTS. The « Right Idea ACTUAL VISIBLE WRITING AND DIRECT INKING, The Williams Typewriter has both. Com Hi riG^ Speed, Simplicity, Portability, Durability. II ighly u 1 1 to-date and strictly high grade. Guaranteed all over. Does everything expected of a writing machine. The use <>f a pad instead of ribbon saves bother, is cleaner, produce better work, and reduces cost of maintaining one-half. . _ . No Ribbon Investigation Solicited. Trials Freely Given. Remember this is an age of progress. The best of yesterday gives way to the better of to-day. Catalogue on application. Communications cheerfully answered. John P. Lovell Arms Company Sole N. E. Agents. 163 & 165 Washington St., Boston, Mass. ' j^S^^^^sissg^^^^^^^ ADVERTISEMENTS. •vii?'/!^ ■?»«• */!*■ •vl*' -v*** *v**» '/*«• *»I*» •»»<« *»"«• *vTv* *j , is« '>*«» ****» ''/*<♦ »»**• •»**• "Vic I'v"- *v*<* *»*<• *v*<* -vTc* ♦>*<• "j*?**"? *>"<♦ *>*<• *"/*«» *■/"<• *?!*» •M*?. ~A$ ~/r? *vT>T American Stables ... Tel. 39=3. Hack, Boarding and Livery. Carriages furnished for Weddings, Parties and Funerals, in any number desired. Coupes, and all pleasure turnouts. Accommodations for board- ing horses unsurpassed and good care always. ~A$ Flint Bros. ... Proprietors 113 Pearl Street, Chelsea, Mass. ~A$ ~A$ •7"** '/*«♦ y /*i? ,y /tc r '/**• ■?!*• *jw ■?«• "W "&*• '/*v» -sw '/*?'/*<*'>*<» i*c '/**• 'A* 'A* 'Af '/*<♦ *»t«" *>**• "A- -v*** •»"*• •?*«» *>!** '>*** **I<* ***** ***** ***** Established in 1878. A. D. Black's 152 Fourth St., Cor. Everett Ave., Chelsea, Mass. Connected by Telephone. Carpet Cleaning: Works :•' :='':S-^''V -j-'-^- - ** V ^ ^\ ? '■' 3 *' ; :' .--'-^ V^.^-^ Carpet cleaning, sewing, fitting and laying, All forms of naptha cleansing. Feather beds renovated. Hair mattresses made over. Also manufacturers of Adjustable Window Screens and Screen Doors. Prices from 60 cts. upward. Call and examine, or send postal and I will call and give estimates. Use any public telephone for sending orders. We will deduct the expense from your bill. W W if 1 '§ w » « I I I I Dr. Reed, Dentist, 380 Broad way, Chelsea. 4p 4p w 4p # 4p # 4p 1 1 1 1 '•..; ■«.'■ '^^^^^^-^^^S^.^^^^^.^?^^?^^-' 202 \l>\ I Kl IM\II NTS. I $ A f i I >|V ft ft TEN A. S. HARRIS. W. P. HARRIS. Harris & Co* "3s Stock Brokers, 7 Exchange Place, Boston. Members of the Boston Stock Exchange. Telegraph Orders Our Expense. Stocks Bought and Sold or Carried on Margin. Interest Allowed on Deposits. Coupons Cashed and Collected Free. =5^ vM \»/ \t/ \»/ vf/ \»/ \»/ \»/ \lt \f/ \f/ \»> \»/ \»/ \l/ \»/ \»/ \»/ \l/ \0? \1> \»/ \»/ \»/ \»/ vl/ \»/ \»/ v»> \»/ \»/ v»/ \l/ \»/ \»/ CHARLES E. LEGG. ALLEN H. LEGG. Member Boston Stock Exchange. Charles E* Legg ♦♦♦♦ & Co* ♦♦♦♦ STOCK BROKERS 53 State Street, Exchange Building, Boston. All Classes of Stocks, Bonds and Investment Securities Bought and Sold on Commission. Correspondence and Inquiries Solicited. Ask for 1. Turner Centre Cream and Butter y -^**¥ vv +* ** ¥¥ *» v ¥¥ v ¥¥ ¥% * Fresh every day at all first-class grocery stores in Chelsea. Boston Branch, 55 Chatham Street. B.R.Bigelow Age.it. * * > * * ft * r» x 1 - Rogers & Cuthbertson ¥ Dealer:, in Groceries z Provisions And Country Produce. Canned Goods. Fresh vegetables and fresh killed poultry from our own farm daily. 146 Washington Ave., Chelsea, Mass. 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 ADVERTISEMENTS. JOHN D. LONG, SECRETARY OF THE NAVY Copyright by J. E. Purdy & Co., 1897. NAVY DEPARTMENT. Washington May 17, 1898 My Dear Sir, I think I have had none better than the large portrait photograph which you have made. I have reeommended a great many people who have written me for my photograph to get that as the best one I know of . Very truly yours, JOHN D. LONG To J. E. Purdy, & CO. 146 Tremont Street, Boston. INDEX OF CONTENTS. V idem] i i Music . .(.II. \li oil, I let irge J. . Alcott, Willi. mi American Circulai I » mi ( Appleton, Thomas L. Vrmory .... \s .1 Plat e of Resilience \t» ood & McManus Ider, Walter . Barnes, F. 0. Barrett, Hon. Wm. E. . Benevolences . Bennett, W. R. In. kford, Scott F. . Bigelow, B. K. . . Bird's I'.ve View ofChelse Black, \. 1'. . Black, C. H. . Bfeisdell, J. E., M.D . Board of Irade Boston i lore and W< b Mfg. (. n Bosson, Hon. A. D. Breath, Melvin L. Briggs, Alton E. . Brown, Alfred W. . Brow n, C. E. . Buck, ( Jeoi ge II.. Buck, T. II. -v Co. Bush, Rev. R. Perry . Bultei field, Simeon Btltterfield, I .ate Simeon ( lampbi II, Hon C. A. . I >.i\ id . i n r, Jos. R. . Carter, Hon. George H. Carter, II. II. I Hi. i School ( lary-Bellingham House i !ary School i !i. null, i lain, Hon. Mellen l liauibeilaiii, Prescott Champlin, Hon. A B. . Chase, L. C. & C. Chelsea • laslight Co. l lielse.i ( S-azette ( Ihelsea Sa\ ings Bank . ( linni. .1 Engine and I look i Laddei II mse i Iheney, A. W. Churches City's Growth i ity Hall I ll\ l Mil. . 1 - . < ity Stables . i lark \venne K. C. M. ( Columbia Lithia Spring ( 'ombination Hose Four ( on. lusion Hon. C. \ . ( oiinty Sa\ ings Bank i i andon, John H. . i in ley., foseph M . i ml. ., William C, M. D. i lutting, Frederick I.. I »aVIS, I hell II. h o.i . Robert Irving, D. M. I) 1 1.- R, ii h. in in t, Louis l.i. . I . ' . 1 lodge, Mi.- late Benjamin Dodge, G.N. I louglass, Edward U. E irly Settlement . I istern Sti irage Warehouse n 10k, Kimball i mal \d\ ai ■i . 1 1. .ii. Eug< n. I . Engines ' Ine and rwo . F.ngim rhrei Everett A\ enue Facts v Faunce, I II. Fay, 1 Ion. Frank B. I ■'. rry-boat. Citj < Fern II, J. A. . In. Depai in. nil First Mayor . Pa e. 194 194 [8c 55 33 t8 7 64 177 151 ?" 128 7> 1 !7 43 66 65 1 1 : t8, )7 1 1 ;.i 114 in [48 '74 1-1 .. [9 , 1 us 106 1 46 I . ; 1 First National Bank 1- irst Settler . I 11, , I Ion. Lu-11- C. In/, Frank E. In/ Public Library Fletcher, Hon. J. W. . Flint Bros. Frost, R. S., Ho..- Three R. S., Hospital Frost, Thomas B. Gould, C. Willis. . ( iould, James . 1 Iould, I In- I. lie Jesse ( ii.iniie Block ( 1 1 ami Army Block ( rrantman, * 'ol. William ( In in. James S. ( In en'- Block I in en. The I lie I Ion. Tims. Green's Old Stable Green, I hos. William, M. I Greer, II. M. . Guild. Geo.- B. G u r n ey , Geo . B . Harris&Co. High School . Highland School . I I istorical Tablets . Hixon, W. S. Hopkins, Alfred . I lopkins, Edmund A. Houghton. Rev. Ros»C, I' Howard, A. I .. Hutchinson, R. \ . C. S. II in. hinson, Eben, Jr. . I unes, 1 1 11 rv W. . Johnson, (I. \ , M. P. Jones, ' Ico. H. Kilil.y. Frank C. Kimball, C. Henrv King, Frederick A., M. I ' Lane, T. II. & Co, Leeds, Charles. M . D. . I ■ . 1 ii.n les E. & Co Lent. Vincent I 'ill I in. 1 .In, Edward P. 1 in. oln, The l.lltleliel.l, Rev. C. A. . I ittlefield, H..11. S, tli I l.on.l. Hon. John C. I ,ovell Arms Co. [..ivewell, S. K. St Co. . Low \ii lih- Co. . Low. John (I. \I ,. Fadden, R. \ . Robi rl \ \l agee I ui nai e Co. Mason, The late Henry, Jr M .ion, I In- late I leni \ , Si Mason, John M. . ' . M ason, 1 ulia C. \l iyoi and Mdermen Mi ( inn Block . , Mi ("aim. Late I. A. Mi ( llintock, William E. Mil. hell, Hon. Geo. E. . Me. ,iam. C. A. Merritt, Man us M . \1 mi 11 nin'1 \- 8 Howard Montgomery, [abez K. Morrill, ( leo. E. Naval and M ai ine I fospital: \, *•« II Bedding Co. Mew England Vi e Co. Nil hols, R. S. Moves. C. L. & CO. Nutting, F. II., M. D. . 1 nn, e 01 the Watei Deparin 1 HHest Church 1 lid Pratt Homestead 1 in nit, Samuel Parks .... . lohn C. . Perl in , C. N. Perl ins, Instin S. Phillips 8 Hodgdon Pi, I 1 ,rd, H. nrj Pierce, Rev. C. C. I'l,, , , R. v. C. A Page. 147 Plant of 1 !eo. 1 '. Emery 4 Police Court Building 1 1 Postoffice 108 I'ou ilelli. .1 11 II ill 1 1 1 Pratt, Hon. Hermon W. 68 Pram ille Si hool . . . . ■ Putnam, E. B. . . . . . Putnam, < leorge T. 1 1 Putnam, foseph M. .1 rill, M . 1 >. - 1 Purdy, f. E. & Co. . Reed, J. 11.. D. M. D. . Resident e of C. V. ( ampbell . Residence of Hennon W. Pratt Residence of John C. Loud . ' 1 Residence of Thomas Martin 100 Residence of William Mania . 80- 1 Residence of Thos. Slrahan . Reniger, John 11.. 9 1 R<\ in- Rubber Co. Ri i iew ( lull House 1 v 1 Rn., M. E 1 , Ri iln'i is, ('. ( ',. 96 Roberts, Col. J. H. T Roberts, 1 Ion. Ei nest W 202 Robet ts, hi. John . . . . 2 4 Rogers ^ ( uthbeiisoii . 26 Savage, A. J. |'i; Seaver & Co. . 12s Sei 1 mil Street . . . . . . Sherman, Mr. and Mrs Thomas . . Slullalier, Late Benjamin Penhallo )., Lit H. ,0 Shurtleff School . . . . . Simpson, Medora |eni ett 1 ! SI id. . D. & I... Co. Slade, 1 leo. F., Ji . 1 5< 1 Small, Walter H. . ■ 5 1 Smith, Jay Cook 1 . Si iley, John . . . . . 1 66 Soldiers' 1 lome 103 Sparrell Print, The Spent ei \ i enue . . . . lt)u Spencer, H. A. 1 50 Spoonei , Wallace . . . . 2. .2 Statistics on Manufacturing . I02 Steal us. 1 leo. M . 1 I I Steamship Sterling 141 Mi Minis' Fountain 41 Stickney, Tirrell & Co. 44 Stinson, W illiam, M.I' 7" Sti ah. in. Hon. Thomas . 200 Strahan, ["hos. & i\<. 1 ■ . Street 1 )epartment . 127 Suffolk Engraving Co. . I 1 2 Sullivan. H. II 4 ; Sullivan, |. F. .V Co. 118 Swett Car Wheel Works 156 lablet of Water Works 156 Taylor, Wm. II.. 97 1 , 1 i|.h and Pioneer . 156 1 .nn. v. 1 Ion. Samuel P. 5° Phayer.J. W 177 fildl 11, l olni.in 7 1 1 T. Martin & Bio. Mfg. Co. . ' 1 2 1 nion I'.u 1. .... 9T-2 L . S. Govei linn nl 1 in Minds . Walker P.ios. ... • Walton. Rog< r 1 [7 Washington Wenue 88 Washington Park . .78 Washington Tablet . Watei ( lommissiouei 's < Mm 1 1 |0 \\ .11. 1 1 (epai iineni Building . 1 . Water Supply . . . . . W. hhel , | Miles G. . Wheeler Block 153 Win, ler. Late Win. G., M. D. tut . . Wilcox, 1 ieoi i:e 1 . . Wilkinson, |nhn 11. 1 Will ud, 1 . E. 77 Williams School 47 Wimnisimmel 1 'ompany . 157 Winnisimmet N ational B mk . WllMMsllllllli 1 I'.u ku i\ . . Winslow, F. E. . . . ■ 1 Winsoi ,!■.(). 141 W 1 i« n Cemetery, I'he 1 \\ ..1-1,111 Bros. 1 Wi ight, John 1.