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n 



^OMPUMEHTS OF 



i 



^ 




BERWANGER BROS., 



305 Fayetteville Street, Opposite Post Oflace, 








Clothiers, Furnishers 



AND 



HATTKRS,3te^ 



CARRY 



Tli-e Xjsirgrest Stocils:. 



RRRT GOODS AT THE LOWEST PRICES. 



/ 

ADVERTISEMENTS. 1 



E. G. HARRELL. J- I^- NEATIIERY. 



SEND YOUR ORDERS TO 



Alfred Williams k Co.'s 



NORTH CAROLINA 



BOOKSTORE 



:R-*f^ILiEI<3-X3:, 3>T. o. 



"^^ Wc can suppl}^ all your wants from llio 
biggest stock in tlie State. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




Hardware, 
Tin Ware, 
Wood Ware, 
Willow Ware, 
Iron Ware, 
Bird Cages, 
Hammocks, 
Fishing Tackle, 

Fly Traps, 
Croquet Sets, 
&c., &c. 



SDEN, 



220 Fayetfeville Street, RALEIGH^ N, (7. 

Keeps the largest and best line of 

Cookirjg arid Heating Stoves 

IN THE STATE. 

House Furnishing Goods of all kinds, such as Oil 

Stoves, Refrigerators, Fly Fans, and a full 

Stock of Summer and Winter Goods 

in their Season. 

TIN, COPPER AM> SHEET IKON WORKED IN EVERY WAY. 
Makhig (tud liejxiirlHf/ Cop2}er Stills a specialtij. 

TOBACCO FLUES A LEADING FEATURE. 

Tin Roofing, Guttering and Piping of the best material and workman- 
ship. All work warranted five years. Thirty-seven years' experience 
has taught him how to do a good job. 

Sincere thanks are returned to his ifiany friends <ind customers, in 
Raleigh and Wake county and adjoining counties, for the liberal patron- 
age bestowed upon him. Respectfully, 

J. C. S. LUMSDEN. 



THE] 



CIT 



H 





H 



HISTORICAL SKETCHES FROM ITS FOUNDATION. 



A Review of the City in all its Varied Aspects — Commercial, 
Industrial, Statistical, Religious, Social, Etc. 



RALKKIH: 

Edwards & BKOuciHTON, Power Pkinirrs and Binders. 
1887. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



ROBERT SIMPSON, 

Druggist and Pharmacist, 

CORNER HILLSBORO AND SALISBURY STS., 

RALEIGH, N. C. ' 

MedicinGS, Perfumes, Toilet Articles, 

PROPRIETARY REMEDIES, Etc. 

Careful attention paid to Prescriptions. 

Soda and Mineral Waters, and all the latest summer beverages, 

I^^A OOOO CIGAU A SPECIAI.XY. 



BXJ^5r TX^E BEST 

: and-Made Shoes, 

MANUFACTURED BY 

W. H. WETMORE & CO., 

B A LEIGH, K. C, 

If your merchants do not keep our goods, write for our catrdogue, 
illustrated with prices. We make special prices by the case to mer- 
chants. 

Every one should buy our goods. They are made of the best mate- 
rial, ai'd every pair is guaranteed to give entire satisfac- 
tion, 

GOODS MADE TO ORDER A SPECIALTY. 

Address, W. H. WETMORE & CO., 

Raleigh, N. C. 



My Clothes Fit, and the Goods are Fine, because 

they were made by WALTERS, The Tailor, 

Raleigh, N. C. 



ADVERTISEMENT. 



The object of the publication of this little volume 
is for the entertainment of those who may wish to 
know sometliing of the past history of Raleigh, and 
also to present to the outside world a view of the cit}' 
in its many and varied aspects — commercial, indus- 
trial, etc. The book is intended for popular reading — 
being circulated among the general public, gratui- 
tously, and therefore no attempt has been made at 
literary display, much of the historical matter being 
disconnected, yet in such form as it is hoped will 
prove interesting as well as instructive. 

The review of ihe business houses, as well as the 
historical matter, will be found accurate, the greatest 
pains having been taken by the corr?piler to obtain his 
information from the most authentic sources. 

The compiler takes this occasion to acknowledge his 
indebtedness to Hon. K. P. Battle, Major E. S. Tucker, 
Messrs. J. C Birdsong, W. R. Richardson, Thomas B. 
Moseley, Hal. W. Ayre, F. B. Arendell, and B. Frank. 
Womble, for assistance in the preparation of this book. 

THE COMPILER. 
Raleigh, N. C, July 4, 1887. 



6 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



HOMAS H. BRIGGS & SONS 



Briggs Building, 



ZB..^ILiEZO-23:, 1ST. O. 











f 



STO'vrHJS, 



Wagon and Buggy fflateriai 



SASH, DOORS, eLINDS, FAiiMTS 

Oils, Glass, Lime, Plaster, Cement, 



FARMERS' SUPPLIES, BUI LDERS' SUPPLIES, 

GUNS, GUN MATERIAL, POWDER, 

SHOT, SHELLS. 

^^ Write for Prices of any goods wanted. 



Best Goods. Lowest Prices. Square Dealing. 



Everything in Medicine-JOHN PESCUD'S 

Drug Store. 



CITY OF RALEIGH. 



Its Foundation. 

A copy of the charter of Wake county may bo 
found recorded in the County Clerk's office. Wake 
was so named by Governor Tryon, in honor of the 
maiden name of his wife. The charter is signed by 
Governor Tryon at N^wbern, May 22, 1771. The first 
court was held in a log building, on the open ground 
fronting the residence of Miss Kate Boy Ian, West Tlar- 
gett street, on the 4th of June, 1771. The place was then 
colled Bloomsbury. Tlie county seat was afterwards 
called Wake Court House, and so it continued until 
it merged into Raleigh, in 1794. 

After the expulsion of the Royal Governor, and the 
new-born State had started on its own career, the Leg- 
islature, whether called Congress, or Committee of 
Safety, or General Assembly, for a long time convened 
at their own will at different points, sometimes, dur- 
ing the Revolution, to avoid danger from the enemy, 
but oftener, like our church conventions, for occasions 
of convenience and mutual accommodation. Ni /v- 
bern, Kinston, Halifax, Smithfield, Wake Court House, 
Hillsboro, Salem, Fayetteville and Tarboro were all 
honored, some of , them several times, with being for a 
few weeks the seat of government. 

To remedy these inconveniencies, the General As- 
sembly of 1787, in providing for calling a Convention 
to consider the, adoption of the Constitution of the 
United States, recommended the people of the State to 
instruct their re[)resentatives to "fix on the place for 
the unalterable seat of Government." 

The Convention met at Hillsboro in August, 1788, 
and resolved that " this Convention will not fix the 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



J. J. Thomas, President. W. C. Stronack, Vice-President, 

J. T. PuLLEN, Cashier. 

THE RALEIGH SAVINGS BANK, 

RALEIGH, N. C, 

Having its capital stock paid up, as required by law, is now open for 
And solicits deposits and correspondence from the people of 

NOR.TH CAROLINA. 



Deposits as low as Fifty Cents Received. 

INTEREST PAID ON" AMOUNTS AS LOW AS FIVE IJOLLAKS. 

Memorandum Books containing Charter and By-Laws of the Bank, 
mailed on application. 

DIRECTOliS : 

JULIUS LEWLS, G. ROSENTHAL, B. R. HARDING, 

W. J. HICKS, GEO. H. SNOW, W. C. STRONACH, 

G. D. RAND, Dr. V. E. TURNER, ]. ]. THOMAS. 



lb E. HiiT'^ctl and 10"^ S. IVilmifigton S/s., 



«^ 



DEALER IN 



Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Motions, &c., 

GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, 

Clo thing for Men, Boys and Cliildrcui. 

MILLINERY GOODS AND TRIMMINGS. 

Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Trunks and Valises. 
ONE PRICE CASH STORE. 
WooJlcoWs Old Stand, llaleigh, N. C» 



THE CITY OF KALEIGH. 9 

You'll find it economy to patronize GEO. N. 

WALTERS, The Tailor, 234 Fayetteville 

street, Raleigh, N. C. 

seat of government at one particular point, but that 
it shall be left to the discretion of the Assenibl}-, to 
ascertain the exact spot, provided, ahuays, that it shall 
be within ten miles of the plantation whereon Isaac 
Hunter now resides in the county of Wake." 

The following editorial article is copied from the 
Fayetteville Chronicle or North Carolina Gazette of the 
29th of November, 1790. 

"On Thursday last the bill for carrying into effect 
the Ordinance of tli« Convention, held at Hillsboro, 
in 1788, for holding the future meetings of the General 
Assembly, e^c, came before the House of Commons, 
when the question was put, shall this bill pass? The 
House divided, and there appeared fifty-one for it and 
tifty-one against it, whereupon the Speaker (Mr. Ca- 
barrus) gave liis own vote and pronounced the pas- 
sage of the bill. It was then sent to the Senate, when 
that House divided, and there appeared an equal num- 
ber of votes for and against the passage of the bill, 
whereupon the Speaker (General Lenoir) gave the cast- 
ing vote against its passage, and the bill was rejected." 

In 1791, the General Assembly met at Newbern.and 
in compliance with the positive constitutional injunc- 
tion passed an act to carry the Ordinance ol 1788 into 
effect. The act provides that ten persons shall be ap- 
pointed to lay off and locate the city within ten miles 
of the plantation of Isaac Hunter, and five persons "to 
cause to be built and erected a State House sufficiently 
large to accommodate with convenience both Houses 
of the General Assembly, at an expense not to exceed 
ten thousand jjounds." 

In the following year (1792) a majority of the Com- 
missioners — Frederic Hargett, Willie Jones, Joseph 



10 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



THE NORTH CAROLINA 



ome Insurance Company 



OF RALEIGH, N. C, 



NSURES AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE. 



■:o: 



This Company has been in Successful Operation 
for Seventeen Years. 



-:o: 



IF. S. ri{I3IBOSE, CHAS. HOOT, 

President, Sec. and Treas. 

if. G. upciiuiicii, r. cowrEB, 

Vice-BresidetU, Adjuster, 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 11 

The Best thing to do -Look up JOHN PESCUD'S. 

McDowell, Thomas Blount, William Johnson Dawson 
and James Martin — met on the 4th of April, and on 
the following day purchased of Col. Joel Lane 1,000 
acres of land, and laid off the plan of a city, contain- 
ing 400 acres, arranged in five squares of 4 acres, and 
276 lots of one acre each — Caswell square (the site of 
the Institute for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind) the North- 
western, Burke (the site of the new Governor's Man- 
sion) the North-eastern, Nash the South-western, Moore 
the South-eastern, and Union, on which the State 
House stands, the central square. 

The names of the towns in the direction towards 
which the princij)al streets ran, gave them their desig- 
nation, and the names of the Commissioners and other 
prominent citizens were ap{>lied to the others, New- 
bern, Hillsboro, Halifax and* Fayetteville streets were 
99 and all the others 66 feet in width. 

In December, 1794, the General Assembly met in 
the new State House for the first time. 

In 1802, an act was [)assed requiring the Governor 
to reside at the seat of Government, and a plain two 
story framed building painted white, and an office on 
the corner, were provided on lot No. 131. This first 
gubernatorial mansion was subsequently the resi- 
dence of the late James Coman. The National Bank 
of Raleigh now occupies the site from which the 
first Executive office and Mr. Coman's brick store, 
were successively removed. 

In 1813, the General Assembly appointed Henry 
Potter, Henry Seawell, William Hinton, Nathaniel 
Jones, (Crabtree,) Theophilus Hunter and William 
Peace commissioners to erect on the public lands, near 
.the city of Raleigh, a convenient and commodious 
dwelling house for the Governor, at a cost not to ex- 
ceed five thousand pounds, to be derived from the sale 



12 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



"HEALTH BY GOOD LIVING." 



W. R. CRAWFORD, 

Stall Mo. 1, City Market. 



CHOICE BEEF, MUTTON, LAMB, 
VEAL, PORK, HAMS, BACON, 
CORNED BEEF, TONGUES, &C. 

POULTRY AND GAME IN SEASON, 

W. H. HUGHES, 

DEALER IN 

China, Crocksry, Glasjsware, 



Silver Plated Ware, Refrigerators, Tea Trays, 

300 Fayetteville street, Jtaleigh, N. C, 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 13 

WALTERS, The Tailor, never disappoints his 
customers— he is always on time. 

of lots which they were authorized to lay off, and from 
the sale of lot No. 131, referred to the residence at suc- 
cessive periods of Governor's Turner, Alexander, Wil- 
liams, Stone, Smith and Hawkins. 

The site selected for the new gubernatorial resi- 
dence, in common parlance — the palace — was near the 
terminus of Fayetteville street, directly south of and 
fronting the capitol, and just beyond the southern 
boundary of the city. The edifice was completed dur- 
ing Governor Miller's administration from 1813 to 
1816 and he was the first occupant. It continued to 
be occupied by the Executive until 1865, when Sher- 
man took possession of it as his headquarters. It was 
finally torn down and the Centennial Graded School 
erected upon the site in 1885. 

In 1819, Duncan Cameron, John Winslow, Joseph 
Gales, William Robards and Henry Potter were author- 
ized to sell all or any part of the lands purchased of 
Joel Lane, with the exception of the Stone Quarry, in 
lots to suit purchasers. 

The Governor was authorized from the proceeds of 
the sale, to improve the Slate House under the direc- 
tion of the State Architect, and in conformity with a 
plan which he had prepared and submitted to the 
General Assembly. 

The old State House, which is believed to have been 
constructed from the nett proceeds of the sales of city 
lots in 1792, was described by a writer of the time as 
a huge misshapen pile 

In form it was substantially, so far as the body of 
the building was concerned, though on a smaller scale, 
very similar to the present edifice. It was divided by 
broad passages on the ground floor, from north to 
south, and from east to west, intersecting in the centre 



14 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



[Established in 1875.] 



E. F. WYATT & SON, 



109 East Martin Street, 



i^.i^i-iEic3-x3:, :^«T. a. 




Manufacturers and Dealers in 



Harness and Saddlery 



OF EVERY DESCRIFTIOA^, 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 15 



You are treated kindly at JOHN PESCUD'S 
Drug Store. 

at right angles. The offices of the Secretary, Public 
Treasurer and Comptroller were on the lower floor. 
The Senate Chauiber and hall of the House of Com- 
mons, with the offices appurtenani, above as at present. 
The Executive office, as has beeii suited, was contigu- 
ous to the palatial residence. 

The passage and halls of tiie first State House sup- 
plied all, and more than all, the accommodation to 
the public contemplated by the founders of this less 
extensive, but better furnished, and more finally 
finished ediiice. Divine worship on the Sabbath, balls 
on festive occasions, theatriial representations, sleight- 
of-hand |)erformance8, and last but no', least. Fourth 
of July Orations and Fourth of July dinners, all found 
their [)laces, and their votaries for a time. These pas- 
sages and these halls were sup[)lied by the public 
Treasury of the State. Tiie Tucker Hall emanates 
from the private exchequer of two brothers, sons of a 
worthy father, who was a merchant of very limited cap- 
ital, but with a character for sobriety, inte^irity, indus- 
try, economy and enterf)rise, worth more than the wealth 
of ('roesus in incompetent and untrustworthy hands. 

The construction of the dome, the erection of the 
east and west porticoes, the additional elevation and 
covering of stucco given to the dingy exterior walls, 
the im[)rovement of the interior, and especially the 
location of the statute of Washington from the chisel 
of Canova, a noble s[)ecimen of a noble art, commem- 
orative of the noblest of men in the rotunda, at the 
point of intersection of the passages directly under the 
apex of the dome, converted the renovated capitol into 
a sightly and most attractive edifice. 

There were but few of the better class of travellers, 
who did not pause on their passage through Raleigh, 
to behold and admire it. 



16 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



Special Announcement, 



SpeciSLl Offering's at 
-a-F— 

Dry Goods, WMte Goods, Notions, 

SHOES, HATS, V/ILISDS, 
Clothinp-, Shirts and Collars. 

I call especial attention of Ladies to our line of 
Ladies', Misses' and Children's Shoes, which are unsur- 
passed, in quality and beautiful fitting, and low prices. 

I call attention of Young Men to our especial line 
of Hand-Made Lace and Congress Gaiters. Best and 
Neatest and Latest Styles. Price in French Calf, 
from $5.00 to $7.50 per pair, and special drive in low 
cut hand-made shoes in sizes 5 to 7, for $2.50. 

OUR CLOTHING DEPARTMENT UP STAH^S 

Has special inducements for buyers as to price, grade 
and styles, also can fit and please fat men to size 50. 

Our terms are cash, our prices low, and are anxious 
to sell goods. 

Come one and all to 

JOS. P. GULLEY'S, 

233 Fayctteville Street, 
Raleigh, N. C. 



THE CITY OF RALKIGH. 17 



Fair and honorable dealing have secured for 
WALTERS, The Tailor, his popularity. 

The improvements were designed by, and executed 
under tlie supervision of Capt. William r\ichols re- 
cently appointed State Architect, and com[)leted early 
in the summer of 1822. He was a skillful and experi- 
enced artist, and made the public greatly liis debtor 
for decided impulse given to architectural improve- 
ments throughout the State, in private as well as in 
public edifices. 

All the buildings of Raleigh, with the exception of 
the Ca[)itol, were for years of wood. The old Register 
office, lately occupied by the Evening Visitor, was the 
next iiouse of brick built after the capitol. 

Hotels. 

The hotels, or taverns as they were then called, were 
of a primitive nature. ^ In 1803 Henry H. Cook ad- 
vertised tliat at " Wake Old Court House, about a 
quarter of a mile of the State House, he can accom- 
modate ten or twelve gentlemen witli board during 
the session of the General Assembly, and will take a 
few horses to ie^d at 2s. 6d. a day. 

In the same year the " Indian Qiiaen " advertised 
as the best hotel in the city, " with thirteen rooms, 
nine of which have fire places." This was on tlie site 
of the present Federal Court House and Postoffice. 

In 1804 Peter Casso also opened a hotel, and in ad- 
dition to the usual attractions, advertises that the 
" Northern and Southern stages leave his door three 
times a week." 

On the 1st of July, 1812, Charles Parish opened his 
new hotel ibr the accommodation of citizens and way- 
farers. His advertisement speaks for itself, and is an 
interesting announcement as a matter of history: 



18 



ADVERTISEMKNTS. 







rk^^«i^:f3^ 






- AJfD- 



'f 



No, 12(i 3Io7'ffan Street, 



RALEIGH, N. C. 




The Largest and Best 



Equipped Livery Establish- 



ment in Raleigh in every 



particular. 



Sober, Careful and Polite Drivers. 



Special Inducements to Parties desiring 
their horses boarded. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 19 



JOHN S. PESCUD'S Popular Drug Store, 118 
Fayetteville street. 

" Eagle Hotel, Raleigh, N. C. 

"Charles Parish informs his friends and the public 
that his tavern is now open for the reception of trav- 
ellers and boarders in the new three-story building 
north of the State House and fronting Union Square. 
The house is spacious, completely furnished, and the 
stables equal to any. For a well supplied table (served 
from a neat and cleanly kitchen) luxuries of the rooms, 
beds, attendance, &c., &c., it is determined that this 
tavern slial) excel any in the Southern States. 

" Jt^"" N. B. An ice House -and Bathing Rooms 
will be constructed by next season." 

The ice house and bathing rooms were probably 
the earliest introduction of these luxuries among the 
growing refinements of the city. 

Old-Time Street Cars. 

The Raleigh Experimental Railway was the first 
attempt at a railroad built in North Carolina. It was 
finished January 1, 1833. It was a cheap strap-iron 
tramway, costing $22.50 per mile. It was the sug- 
gestion of Mrs. Sarah Polk, the widow of Col. Wm. 
Polk, and the mother of Bishop Polk. She was tlie 
principal stockholder, and the investments paid over 
300 per cent. Capt. Daniel H. Bingham was the en- 
gineer, an accomplished scholar who taught a military 
school in the old Saunders house, on tlillsboro street, 
who was assisted by two of his advanced students. Dr. R. 
B. Haywood, of this city, and Col. Wm. M. Abbott, of 
Mississippi. The road ran from the east portico of 
the capitol to the stone quarry, in the remote eastern 
portion of the city. It was constructed principally 
for the purpose of hauling stone to build the jjresen 



20 . ADVERTISEMENTS. 



FRED. A. WATSON, 

112 Fayetteville Street, 
RAIvEIGH, N. C, 

Headquarters in North Carolina for 

ART NOVELTIES, 

PAINTS, BRUSHES, 

CRAYON AND DRAWING PAPERS. 

Manufacturer of 

Picture Frames, 

Window Shades, 
Cornices, etc. 

-^DEALER IN— 

FINE ENGRAVINGS, 
PAINTINGS, 

WALL PAPER, 
MIRRORS, 
MIRROR PLATES, 

HOUSE DECORATIONS, 

UPHOLSTERERS' MATERIAL, Etc. 

1^^ All orders have immmediate attention. 



THE CITY OF RALFJIGH. 21 

The best fits you may rely upon getting, every 

time, at GEO. N. WALTER'S, The Tailor, 

234 Fayetteville street. 

Capitol. A passenger car was placed upon it "for the 
accommodation of such ladies and gentlemen as de- 
sired to take the exercise of a railroad airing." The 
motive power was a horse — warramted not to run away. 

Early Water Works. 

In 1815 the question of supply of water was mooted, 
and for its introduction for the first time in the history 
of the city a public debt was authorized. A dam was 
erected on Rocky Branch, east of the Insane Asylum. 
The working of a water wheel forced the water into 
what was called a " Water-Tower," situated on the 
hill east of Sylvester Smith's house, whence the un- 
filtered water was carried by wooden pipes by force of 
gravity to Hargett street, thence down Fayetteville 
street. There were spouts at various points along the 
street. But the scheme was a failure, owing to the 
clogging of the pipes with mud gathered from the un- 
filtered water. 

Churches. 

For a long time after the foundation of the city the 
people worsliipped in the State House or the Court 
House. The great Methodist Bishop Asbury offiiciated 
in the former place in 1800. 

The first church edifice in the city was erected by 
Rev. Wm. Glendenning, who was an O'Kellyite, what- 
ever that may be. A Methodist church of wood was 
next erected on the site where the present building 
now stands. A Baptist church was built in 1813. It 
was first on a lot east of Moore Square, (the ''Old 



22 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



WOODELL'S 



No. 230 Fayetteville Street, 

OPPOSITE THE MARKET. 

The only place where you are sure of 
getting the latest styles and full value for 
your money. 

'' Every customer must be pleased," is 
our Motto. 

Boots and Shoes, our only study. 

TOH^N' PRICE &SONr~ 

Stall No. 4, Citu Market ^ 

I^-A-LEIG-HI, INT. 0_, 

—DEALERS IN— 

BEEF, MUTTON, 

LAMB, VEAL, 

PORK, MIXED SAUSAGE, 
PORK SAUSAGE, 

VIENNA SAUSAGE, BOLOGNA SAUSAGE, LIVER PUDDINGS, 

Blood Puddings, Chitterlings, &c. 
Goods Delivered in any part of the City Free of Charge. 



THE CITY OP RALEIGH. 23 



JOHN S. PESCUD'S Vanilla Extract is the Best. 



Baptist Grove)." In 1835 there was a division in the 
church, and l\\e majority holding the building joined 
tlieinselves to the ''Christians." The minority built 
the church at the corner of Wilmington and Morgan 
streets, wliich was afiervvards purchased by the Catho- 
lics when the Baptists erected the ma ;nificent building 
now on Salisbury street. 

The first Episcopal church was erected in 1829, 
which was sold to the colored Methodists after erecting 
their present handsome granite structure. 

The First Presbyterian church was erected in 1826. 
Rev. Wra. McPheeters, D. D., was the first pastor. 

Municipal. 

The first and original " City Fathers," then called 
"Commissioners," were appointed by the General As- 
sembly in 1795, and numbered seven. Their namas 
were: John Haywood, of Edgecombe, Treasurer of 
the State; John Craven, of Halifax, Comptroller; 
John Marshall and James Mares, hotel- keepers ; Dou- 
gold McKethan and John Pain; and John Rogers, a 
member of the Lt^gisiature from Wake, but not a resi- 
dent of tlie city. 

The charier of 1795 was superceded by a per 
manent one granted in 1803, by which the election of 
Intendant of Police and seven Commissioners was 
given to the f)ublic. The qualification of such officers 
was that they should be seized in fee of land in the 
city, with a dwelling house thereon, and should be 
actual residents. Any free male of full age, resident 
for three months, or owning land in the city, whether 
a resident or not, could vote. The corporate name of 
the government was, "The Commissioners of the City 
of Raleigh." 



24 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



IT WILL PAY, WHILE YOU ARE IK T0W8, TO VISIT 

LEE, JOHNSON & CO., 

Successors to the old firm of Pesciid, Lee & Co., 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGISTS, 

Cor. Fayetteville and Martin Sfs., Opjwsife F. O., 

RALEIGH, N C, 



-DEALERS IN — 



Drugs and Chemicals, Fancy a.nd Toilet 

Articles. 



Customers will find a choice selection of 

Druggists' Sundries, 

Fine Soaps, Perfumes, 

Patent Medicines, Combs, 
Brushes of all kinds. 

Garden and Grass Seeds, 
Cigars and Tobacco. 



Mineral Waters, Hot Soda Water, Milk Shakes, Lime- 
ade and all the popular Summer Beverages. 



Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. 



THE CITY OF KALKIGH. . 25 



WALTERS, The Tailor, is a true Artist, and his 
his Clothes fit like those in a Fashion-ptate. 

In 1856 the charter of 1803 was amended, and the 
name of Intendent of Police was cliangeci to Mayor, 
and the name of " Commissioners " to " Aldermen " in 
1875. 

The city comprised but three war(]s until the Gen- 
eral Assembly of 1874-75 divided it into five, which 
has since continued. 

Tl]e following have been the chief officers of the 
ci*y, either as Intendents of Police or Mayors, as 
the case may be: Wm. White, Wm. Hill, Dv. (vVilvin 
Jones, J')hn Marshall, John S Roberteau, Sterling 
Yancey, Joseph Gale, Western K. Gale?, Wm. C. Car- 
rington, Thomas Loring, Wni. Dallas Haywood, Wm. 
H. Harrison, C. B. Root, Wesley Whitaker, Jose[>h W. 
Holden, John C. Gorman, Joseph FI. Separk, Basil 
C. Manly, W. II. Dodd, the office being now filled by 
Alf. A. Thompson. 

Mr. John J. Christophers was for a long time the 
faithful and efficient Clerk. He is still living, in the 
85th year of his age. 

Until 1843 protection to Raleigh at night was afforded 
by the individual inhabitants, who were compelled to 
serve as " city watch," either in person or by substi- 
tute, by patrolling the streets. There were no police- 
men or day watchmen at all, one man, called the con- 
stable, being regarded sufficient to keep order during 
the day. 

The Nat. Turner Insurrection. 

When Nat. Turner's uiassacre of fifty-five persons 
occurred in Southampton, Virginia, in 1831, the whole 
of Riileigh was placed under arms. The able bodied 
were divided into four companies, each to patrol the 
streets every fourth night. The old men were organ- 



26 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



J. W. WATSON, 




No. 1,'il Fayetfeville Street , 

RALEIGH, i^.C. 

THE BEST WORK AT THE LOWEST PRICES. 



OLD PICTURES COPIED, ENLARGED AND 
COLORED TO NATURE. 



For particulars call at tlie Gallery, next to McKim- 
mon & Co.'s Drug Store. 






IMllU. 



IS Exchange Place, 



^f 



:i|e^ 



RALEIGH. N. Q, 



MANUFACTURER OF 



BREAD, CAKES AND CB ACKERS 



0:F ..^I-ilL. DE^XISriDS 



Specialty made of Wedding and Party Cakes. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 27 

Not Pat up in Cans-PESCUD^S Milk Shakes. 

ized as "Silver Grays." The fortress was the Presbyte 
rian church, and it was agreed that whenever the State- 
house bell should sound the women and children were 
to hasten to its f)rotecting walls. At last, one night 
O'Rourke's blacksmith shop took fire. It was night, and 
one of the most fearful scenes ever beheld in Raleigh, 
it is said, was that of hundreds of women and children 
flying through the streets to the place of common re 
fuge. A gentleman, still a resident of this city, then a 
mere boy, becoming also excited, refused to leave his 
home, and seizing his deceased's father's sword, bran- 
dished it in the air and declared liis purpose to there 
die in the defence of the household. The negroes 
were frightened more than the whites. They fled and 
hid under houses, in garden shrubbery, lay between 
corn rows — anywhere. 

Tliere never was a time when the colored people of 
Raleigh would have risen against our people. It is 
greatly to the credit of both races that notwithstand- 
ing party animosity and sudden emancipation, the 
kindly [)e'rsonal feeling between the whites and their 
old servants has never been interrupted. 

Burning of the Old Capitol. 

Ill 1831, occurred an event of momentous conse- 
quence to the people of Raleigh, which not only caused 
great loss of itself but according to tradition came near 
ruining the city. This was the burning of the Ca[)itol. 

The old State House was constructed in 1792. It 
was described as wholly without architectural beauty, 
an ugly mass of brick and mortar. It was repaired in 
1822, under the surpervision of Capt Wm. Nichols, an 
experienced architect, who covered its dingy walls 
with stucco and rendered it more sightly by the ad- 



28 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



• Pi. STt-INMETZ, 

Florist and Seedsman, 

NASFI SQUARE, RALEIGH, N. C. 



Roses, Pot-Plants, and Cut Flowers. 

A large stock of choice ever bio -ming roses; green- 
house and outdoor bedding plants, hyacinths, tulips, 
aud other bulbs for Fall planting ; ornamental shrub- 
beries, everiT^reens and shade-trees. 

FLORAL DESIGNS. Bou.iuets ami Cut Flowers. 
Tomato, Cabbage and other Plants in Sea-on. 
IJ^^Send for C'ltalogue. 
Orders by mail and telegraph promptly attended to. 

THOS. S. STEVENSON, 

Practical Plnmber. Steam i Gas Fitter. 



AND DEALER IN 



PUMPS, HYDRAULIC RMS, RANGES, GAS FIXTURES, 

LEAD, IRON AND EARTHEN PIPES, 
Hakgett 81., 3 DOORS AV. RALKicni Nai\ Bank, 

RALEIGH, N. C 
Sanitaiy PluniLiug a Sp(3cialty. 

JOIJBINU PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. P. 0. Box 289. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 29 



The Best Talent only is employed by GEO N. 
WALTERS, The Tailor, Raleigh, N. C. 

dition of porticos and a dome. The form of the build- 
ing was similar to the present noble granite structure, 
which by its unpretending bit statel}^ beauty, fitly 
represents the solid virtues of North Carolina char- 
acter. 

By a freak of liberality, unusual in those good old 
days, when tlie State never spent over $90,000 a year 
for all puri)oses, when taxes were six cents on the 
$100 value of real estate only, and personal property 
was entirely exempt, the General Assembly had placed 
in the rotunda a magnificent statue of Wasliington of 
carrata marble by the great Canova. It was the 
pride and boast of the State Our people remembered 
with peculiar pleasure that LaFayette had stood at its 
base and commended the beauty of the carving and 
the fitness of the honor to the great man under whom 
he Imd served in our war for independence, and whom 
he regarded with a passionate and reverential love. 
The carelessness of an artisan engaged in covering the 
roof, lost this great work of art to the State. On the 
fnorning of the 21st of June, 1831, while thosun shone 
bright in the heav( ns, flames were seen issuing from 
the roof. The owls and flying squirrels, which had 
built their nests among the rafters, hastened through 
the-ventilator to escape from the doomed building, 
followed by thick smoke and then by bright flames. 
With no such |)owerful machine as the Recue engine 
the progress of the fire was unchecked. A few citizens, 
incited by a gaHant little lady, Miss Betsy Geddy,who 
had all the spirit of her Revolutionary father, endeav- 
ored with frantic haste to remove the statue, but its 
great weight was too much for their strength. They 
were forced to witness its destruction. Over half a 
century has not erased from the memories of some 



30 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




ESTABLISHED 1865. 



.^ 



'9 



Wholesale I Eetail &rocer, 

COTTON FACTOR 



— AND— 



Commissioii Mercliaiit. 

DEALER IN 

Dry Goods, Clothing, Hats, Shoes and General 

Merchandise, Corn and Meal, Shingles and 

Laths of our own Manufacture 

always in Stock at our 

Mill, also at Store. 

THE BES THEART SHIMCLES- 

18 and 20 BAST MAliTIN STREET, 
, 'iOJ: and :iO(; SO UTII WIL3IINGTON STREET. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGEI. 31 



Sold by che Glass— PESCUD'S Limeade. 

who witnessed the splendor of the closing scene of this 
draniti. For many minutes the statue stood the cen- 
tral figure of numherless blazing torches, untouched 
and majestic, every lineament and feature white-hot, 
and of superiuitural brilliancy and beauty. Then sud- 
denly the burning timbers fell and the master piece 
of Canova was a mass of broken fragments. 

Andrew Johnson. 

This distinguished son of North Carolina was born 
in Raleigh on the 29th of December, 1808. He was 
apprenticed to Mr. James Litchford, tailor, at the age 
of ten years. He never attended school a single day 
of his life. Among Mr. Litchford's customers was a 
very eccentric gentleman who often visited the shop 
and read aloud from books or newspapers for the ben- 
efit of the tailors. Young Johnson took a deep inter- 
est in these readings, and as subsequent events showed, 
proved of inestimable value in contributing to his fu- 
ture success in life. Beginning by liimself the labor 
of mastering the alphabet, he found it a more difficult 
matter than he had anticipated, but eventually, ap- 
plying to one of his fellow-workmen, he obtained 
much assistance, and finally succeeded in gaining the 
first steps in the path of knowledge. After working 
the usual number of hours per day in the shop 
(twelve), he would devote two or three hours at night 
each day to his educational labors. In the latter part 
of 1824, his term of apprenticeship having expired, 
he left Raleigh and went to Laurens Court House, 
South Carolina, where he followed his trade for two 
years. lie became engaged to be married to the 
(laughter of a gentleman of wealth and [)Osition, but 
was refused her hand because of his poverty. He re- 



32 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



J. H. QIJLLj, 

PRACTICAL 

Founder and lacliinist, 



MANUFACTUREK 




OF 



PORTABLE 



AND 



STATIONARY 



i^^ 



P 



Saw-Miil, Agricultural Machinery, 
Plows, Plow Castings, 
Cotton Presses. 
Tobacco Presses and Elevators 

FOR WAREHOUSES, RRIZE AN!) STORE HOUSES. 

Estimates and prices furnished. 

iiAi.i:i<;ii, IV. c 



THE CITY OF JtALKIGIT. 33 



*' Don't let it escape you," that the Leading Tailor 
of Raleigh is GEO. N. WALTERS. 

turned to Raleigh in 1826, but after remaining here 
but a few months, went to Greenville, Tennessee, 
where he was married. Up to this time he knew 
nothing of writing or arithmetic; his wife, however, 
sedulously labored to instruct him in those branches 
of rudimentary education, and with success. In 1829 
he became an alderman; in 1830 mayor; in 1835 he 
was sent to the Legislature. Plere he made his maiden 
speech on {)ublic affairs. In 18il he was elected to 
the State Senate, and in 1843 he was first chosen as a 
Re[)rt sentati ve in C\)nv.>ress. Li tliis position he served 
until 1853. He was twice elected Governor. In 1857 
he was sent to the United States Senate for a full term, 
ending in 1863. And finally, after filling almost every 
official position in the gift of the [)eofde, he became 
President of the United States, which last position he 
obtained, however, by the occasion of Lincoln's death 
while in office. 

HIS FATHER. 

With reference to the death of Andrew Johnson's 
father, it is said that on a very cold day in the winter 
of 1811-'! 2, while tolling the Capitol bell for a funeral, 
he was seen suddenly to fall to the ground, from sup- 
posed chill and exhaustion. He was taken up and 
carried, in the first instance, to the office of tiie late 
Treasurer Haywood, and died at his own residence, in 
the neighborhood of Joseph Gales, on Saturday, the 
4t]i of January, 18 1 2. 

The following obituary notice is copied from the 
Star of the 12lh of January, 1812: 

"Died, in this city, on Saturday last, Jacob John- 
son, who had for many years occupied an humble but 



34 



ADVERTISKMIiNTS 



P. LINEHAN. 



JOHN II. WINDER. 



P. LINEHAN & CO. 



CAROLINA 



Granite and Sandstone Quarries. 



Offce: 4:0f) F(UjetteviUe l^t., 



E,.A.IL.EIG-BC, nSF- C- 



Contracts taken for all classes of 



S, Jk 



is-;r\s7»J 



IL .^\, \^) @ ,E>;;i iss ^ 



eO) ^•"'y^ 



STONE FURNISHED EITHER 



fX(^\ 



Zxi an37- ZDe^ig-xi. 



QUARRIES AT 
Granite, Vance County, and IVadcsboro, Anson County. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 35 

The Best in Town-Segars, at JOHN PESCUD'S. 

useful station. He was city Constable, Sexton and 
Porter to the State Bank. In his last illness he was 
visited by the principal inhabitants of the cit}^ by 
all of whom he was esteemed for his honesty, sobriety, 
industry and humane friendly disposition. Among 
all by whom he was known and esteemed, none lament 
him more (except [)erhaps his own relatives) than the 
publisher of this paper, for he owes his life, on a [)ar- 
ticular occasion, to the boldness and humanity of 
Johnson." 

Fires. 

In 1802 a fire engine was purchased for the city by 
voluntary contribution, costing $374. Of course it 
was a hand engine. Sixteen men could work at one 
time — eight on each side, and it had a throwing ca- 
pacity of 44 yards, using 80 gallons per minute ! 

The first great fire on record was in 181G, on the 
east side of Fayetteville street, extending from Martin 
street to Hargett, and thence nearly to Wilmington 
street. 

In 1821 a second fire broke out near the site where 
the Market House now stands, consuming the east side 
of Fayetteville street north, above Hargett, as far as 
where Tucker's store now stands, and east to Wilming- 
ton. 

A fire in June, 1831, destroyed the old Capitol. It 
was constructed in 1792. In 1822 it was repaired, and 
the building was much improved by porticos and a 
dome. After this fire, and before the erection of the 
present Capitol, the General Assembly at one of their 
sessions convened in the *' Palace," and at another in 
the residence of Maj. B. Smith, on Fayetteville street. 

Another fire broke out in 1841, in Depkin's shoe 
shop, on Fayetteville street. The flames swept down 



36 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



:H]si}a/iDi±sii.ea. isse, 



COFFIN HOISE 




% 1i7 S. Dawson St. 



Raleigh, N. C. 



iUNDERTAKING 



In all its branches attended to in the most ap- 
propriate manner at the shortest notice. 

Coffins and Caskets in all Styles. 

Robes, Shrouds and Slippers, for Ladies, Gents 
and Children furnished. 

Funerals Attended in any Part of the City or County. 

Coffins delivered at any Railroad Depot in the 
State free of charge. 

J. w. BROwra, 

Suijeriiiteudeut luitl ruiieral Director. 



THE CITY OF JIA LEIGH. 37 



The Best Dressed Gentlemen of Raleigh secure 
their Suits at GEO. N, WALTERS'. 



Harget street, until cliGv^kcd witliin ono house of Wil- 
mington street. The hose of the engine was burst 
soon after it was brought into action. The water 
flowed on the ground, and mixing with red clay formed 
a plastic material, which (he ready wilted firemen 
gathered by handsfui and l)ucketsful, and dashing it 
against the' walls of a threatened store, formc(i a non- 
conductor, impervious to heat. The fire was extin- 
quished, an<l tljo grateful- citizens dubbed ihis heroic 
band as the " mud company," and this well-earned 
name stuck fast u[) to the day of its dissolution. 

Railroads. 

In the same year the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad 
was completed from here to Gaston The name of the 
first locomotive was the "Tornado." This event was 
hailed by a celebration, which lasted for three days. 
From distant counties men women and children came 
to see the new wonders — the State House, the railroad 
and locomotive. At night the trees of Capital Square 
were illuminated with colored lamps, as well also as 
Fayetteville street. Gorgeous trans|)arencies could be 
everywhere seen. One was a re[)resentation of a loco- 
motive, another of the State House. 

The Early Merchants.. 

In 1822 Fayetteville street was lined on both sides 
with wooden buildings ordinarily of small dimcr.ions 
and moderate value. Nearly all the stores were on 
that street south of State house and north of the Court 
Hou^e. William Williams sold goods in a house of 
Mr. Boylan, contiguous to the book store on the lot 
where the Episcopal church now stands. 



38 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



C. E. CROSS, 

PRESIDENT. 

LEO. D. HEARTT, 

Ass't Cashier. 

JOHN G. WILLIAMS, 

Ass't Bookkeeper. 



SAMUEL C. WHITE, 

Cashier. 

JORDAN WOMBLE, Jr., 
Bookkeeper. 

W. H. BAIN, 

Collector. 



State National Bank 



OF RALEIGH, 



RALEIGH, N. C 



Established in 1 868. 



Authorized Capital, 



$500,000. 



Capital Stock paid in, - 



^100,000. 



Surplus Fund, 



fco,ooo. 



Annual Deposits, from $275,000 to $350,000. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 39 

Only One PESCUD in Medicines- JOHN, the 

Original. 

iMr. Wilson, nephew of Mr. Boylan and a very intel- 
ligent young man was offering the re?nnant of Mr. 
Boylan's stock of books in a contiguous building. Mr. 
Gales's was the older and more extensive, and only 
other book store. 

William Glendenning, the crazy parson, who never- 
theless was not without method in his madness, and 
about whom some capital stories were current, was 
among the early merchants, as well as William Peck 
and Benj. S. King (for many years Clerk of Wake 
County Court). 

All these however had retired from business. John 
Siuart, James Coman, the Shaws, John S. Rabatau, 
James D. Newsom successor to S' uthy Bond, and Al- 
fred Jones, R. and W. Harrison, Richard Smith, Ben- 
jamin B. Smith, Robert Cannon, S. Birdsall and R. 
and W. C. Tucker, and perhaps others, were the i rin- 
cipal merchants. Ruffin Tucker, father of Major R. 
S. Tucker, began life a clerk in the store of the late 
Southy Bond in 1815 at a salary of $25 for the first, 
and in an increasing ratio for the two succeeding 
years. 

In 1818 in connection with his brother William C. 
Tucker, bred a printer under Col. Henderson, in the 
office of the Raleigh Star, he oi)ened a store with a cash 
capital of $125. in a frame building of modest dimen- 
sions on the precise site of the store of W. H. & R. S. 
Tucker & Co. 

In 1828 the co-parlnership of W. C. and R. Tucker 
was dissolved by mutual consent and each brother 
prosecuted a successful business on l)is own account. 

In 184G Ruffin Tucker having reaped the reward 
due to integrity, skill and industry, found himself at 
the head of a family consisting of a wife, one of the 



40 ADVERTISKMKNTS 



A. G. BAUER, 

CONSULTING ARCHITECT AND MECHANI- 
CAL DRAUGHTSMAN. 



Furnishes parlies in any part of the State with Dosig-llS, PlailS, Spe- 
Cllicalions, !)f tails, WorkilliJ- l)ra^> Jug's, and Printed Forms of Con- 
tract for tlie proper and ecoMDinicai erec'ion of Cot(aii"t'S, Vlilas, City 
Dwellings, Clmsdics, Schools, IJaiiks, Holds, Railroa<l Depots, 
(^Miiil.v Jails and Coml-Honsos, Stores, Opera Houses, Fai m 
Houses, Faelories and Modi'l Barns and Stables,— from tlie most 

Artistic and C(jslly to ihe liaine^t and Cheai)est. — of Stone, Ijrick or 
Frame construe! ion. I'lans and Speefieations for Hot Water, Steam 
and Furnace Ileatin*;. Ventdalion and Sanitary Plumbinj^, furnished 
according to np))roved v'^cientiflc methods. Also drawings for Macliinery, 
designs and delails-of construction ft r Iron, Stone or Wooden Bridges; 
designs for Monunienis and Furniture, Lanciscape Architecluie and 
Perspective or liirdseye Views of Institutions and Resifiences -ivith their 
surroundings. Address, A. Ci. BAUER, 

Box ^S5,R(deighf N, C. 



W¥ m Wt*' WWmM m f 



Tonsorial Artist, 

YARBOROUGH HOUSE BUILDING, 



The Best Equipped Berber Sliop in North Carolina. 

r^^ HOT AKD COLD BATHS. 

NONE BUT FIRST-CLASS ARTISTS EMPLOYED. 



THK CITY OF ]{ A LEIGH. 4l 



Buy your Clothes from GEO. N. WALTERS, 234 

FayetteviUe street ; " the apparel oft pro- 
claims the man." 



best of women, atul three sons, all of wiiom had re- 
ceived or were in pursuit of collei;iate education. 
William H. II. Tucker having attained ihe |')ro[>er a^'c 
was received as a [)artner, and tiie firm of R. Tucker 
& Son conducted their affairs with their wonted suc- 
cess, until its dissolution by the death of the senior 
partner on the 9,h Ai)ril 1851. On the occurence of 
this sad event, W. H. H. Tucker united his twoyounger 
brothers, Rufus S. and the late Dr. J. J. VV. Tucker. 
Witii iiim, thti latter as a silent partner, und<-r the 
name of W. H & R. S. Tucker. Under this namethev 
continued iheir pursuits with increasing capital find 
undiminislied eneri^y with an unavoidable cessalion 
of two years, durin;^ ihe civil war. A'terthe death -.m' 
the senior {)artner, \V. II. M Tucker, Major R S 
Tucker continue<l ti»e business until 1883, when he re- 
tired, succeeded by Messrs Bo\ Ian, McKimmon, D.)b 
bih and Poe, ihe new firm retaining the old firm name 
of W H. & R S. Tucker & Co. 

La Fayette's Visit to Raleigh. 

Theexpected arrival in Raleigh of this distinguish^ d 
visitor created no little enthusiasm in the minds of 
tlie people, and was anlicipaieil as one o: the most in 
teres! ing events ever having occurred in our histor\. 
From the Raleigh Register oi' Mar(di 1, 1825, is taken 
the following: 

" This great and good man has, ere this, arrived 
within our State borders. Before our paper is again 
is-^ned, we shall luive welcomed to our city the he?-o 
whose military fame, unsullied pat riot isn^ and un- 
merited sufferings, have excited the admiration of all 



42 ADVERTrSP:MENTS. 



T. R. PURNELL, 

(Mahler Building) 

Raleigh. N. C. 



Practices in all the Coitrts, 



l^^Prorn})t iittention paid to all business en. trusted 
to iiis care 



H. MAHLKR, 

(228 Fayetteville St.) 

I£ww^\.X ilJ^X*^^ j:3I, I^nTb O!., 

Manufactiiring Jeweler, Silversmitii % Engraver. 



-:o: 



KEEPS IN STOCK ALL ARTICLES FOUND 
IN A FIRST-CLy\SS JEWELRY. 

BadfTjes, Medals and Einblemsior Sc!i(u>L,C<>ll' ges and 
LodiJ^ps. made to ojrh^r at shr»rt notire. A Speeialty : 
PLAIN GOLD RINGS. To <ret correct size of Rin^r, 
send for Patent Rinjj Measure. 

1^^^ Agent for Faircliihl's Celebrated Gold Pens. 



THE CITY OP RALEIGH. 43 



'* Water Proof/* and the Best on the Market — 
JOHN PESCUD'S Milk Shake. 



who have either witnessed or heard of" his noble deecis 
and virtuous conduct." 

In its issue of March 8, 1825, th.e Register contains 
the following description of La Fayette's arrival: 

" On Tuesday n\^\\i they (La Fayette, his son George 
Washington, and Secretary), slept at Col Allen Page's, 
eleven miles from this city, and about twelve o'clock 
on Wednesday arrived m town. They were met a 
few miles from this {-lace b}' the weil disciplined corps 
of cavalry, under the cc^mmand of 1. Thomas Polk, 
of Mecklenburg. The General and suite alighted from 
their carriages, and were introduced to tlie comi)any 
individually, after which, preceded by the cavalry and 
followed by nearly a hundred citizens on horseback, 
who iiad gone to meet him, they proceeded to this 
city. At the limits thereof tliey were met by the 
iiandsome company of light infantry, commanded by 
John S. Ruffin, which received him with military 
honors. Here the General again alighted, and was 
f)resented to each member of the company — the inter- 
est of which scene was heightened by fine inartial 
music from an excellent band. After this ceremony, 
the procession moved in the following order to the 
Government House: First, the cavalry ; then followed 
the infantry, succeeding which, in an open barouclie, 
drawn by four elegant iron grays, with out riders, 
were General La Fayette and Col. Wm. Polk ; after 
which, in carriages, also drawn by four horses each, 
were George W. La Fayette, tlie Secretary — M. Le 
Vasseur — the State escort, etc. As the cavalcade pro- 
ceeded a Federal salute wtis fired from cannon placed 
in the Capital Square, on reaching which the General 
was greeted with the cheers of the assembled multitude. 
Every door, window and piazza on the street was 



44 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



JOHN V/. HINSDALE. 

Attorney at Law, 

CiliziMis National Bank Bwilding-, 



Raiiroad, Insurance, Corporation and Commercial Law. 

KkI'KRINCF.s: — Little. Brown & Co., Boston; (Ion. J F. Dillon, 11, 
]'.. Clnflin i!\; Co.. 'rhurhcr, Wli viand & Co.. New York; Rochcstt-r Ger- 
in;in Ins. (^o., Rochester, N. Y. ; Penn Mutual Life Ins. Co., Phila ; 
John M. Robinson, Balto.. I'rcs. of Bait. S'eam Packet Co., S. & R. R. 
R. <"()., R. & (;. R. R. Co., C. C. R. R. Co.; Hon. M. R. Waite. Chief 
justice U. S ; Hon. S. F. Philli))s, Washington, D. C. ; Va. F. & M. 
Ins. Co., KiclmK^nd, Va. ; W. N. Hawks, Ail.Tuta; Georgia Home Ins. 
Co., Columbus. Gn.; \V. Bryan, Pres. A. & N. C. R. R. Co., Newbern; 
N. C. Home Ins. Co., Raleigh; The Banks of Raleigh and FayetteviUe, 
North Carolina. 



HRNHST D. HAYNES, JR., 

Crayon Artist, 

No 567 Newbern Avenue, 
RALEIGH, N. C. 



Pt)rtraitB made from any kind of likeness, and all 
work executed in tlie highest style of the art. Satis- 
faction guaranteed in all cases. Correspondence solici- 
ted, and orders hy mail promptly filled. 



THE CITY OP RALEIGH. 45 



Go to Geo. H. WALTERS', The Tailor, for Fine 
Suits, Raleigh, N. C. 

crowded with iadits, who inaiiifested their gratifica- 
tion by waving their handkerchiefs, etc. On reacliing 
the Government House the military filed off on each 
side, leaving a space through which the General, suite 
and escort passed. In the vestibule they were received 
by the Governor an(] commiUee of arrangements, and 
conducted to the rece{)tion chamber, wliere were the 
l:eads of the Departments, Judiciary and other citi- 
zens. Goverr^or Burton then welcomed him in the 
following address ": 

[This address and La Fayette's reply are so lengthy 
that they are omitted] 

After the closing of the lattcr's address, he was es- 
corted to the Capitol, where he again addressed the 
people. 

"At the conclusion," says the Register, "General 
La Fayette and Colonol Polk rushed into each other's 
arms and w^ept their gratitude, that they who had 
borne the brunt of battle together in their youthful 
prime, had heen spared to meet again on peaceful 
plains and in happier hours." 

The Register continues: " Li the evening a ball was 
given complimentary to the General, held at tiieGov- 
ernment House. In the centre of the room, surmount- 
ing the ['illars, a})peared in large golden characters, 
the name — La Fayicttk. Though no mJlitary trophies 
adorned the walls, no S{)lendid ornaments excited ad- 
miration, yet there were two subjects which spoke to 
the niemory and feeling — a large, full length {)ortrait 
of Washington, and the livhig presence of his great 
co-adjutor in the work of glory. There was no need 
of artificial (mbellishments, for the " human face di- 
vine" shone in all the beautiful variety with which 
Nature's cunning hand has painted woman." 



46 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



BOSWORTH C, BFXKWITH, 

Attorney and Counselor at Law, 

Bagley BnUdiHg, 



PRACTICES IN ALL THE COURTS. 

Oom.m.ercisil X^Bj-Vst'^ 3pecialt3/'. 



Refers by pprmission to Gov. A. M, Scales, Justices Menimon and 
Davis of the Si'prerae Court and Treasurer Uonald W. Bain. 



THE 



North Carolina Car Company 

RALEIGH, N. C, 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

FREIGHT CARS. 



— ALSO — 



Sash, Doors, Blinds, Dressed Lumber, and all 
kinds of Builders' Material. 

Address, THE NORTH CAROLINA CAR CO., 

Raleigh, N. C. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 47 



Seed for the Farm -at JOHN S. PESCUD'S Drug 

Store. 

"The General left us about 1 o'clock Thursday for 
Fayetteville, where ho ex{)ected to arrive on Friday to 
dine. He was attended by Governor Burton, the State 
Escort, Troop of Cavalry, awd other gentlemen." 

The Freemasons. 

The first Lodge of Ancient Freemasons in the city 
of Raleigh was organized February 11, 1793, at the 
house of Warren Alford, under the charter granted by 
the Grand Lodge, Friday, December 14, 1792, styled 
Democratic Lodge, No. 21, with John Macon, Master; 
Rodman Atkins, Senior Warden; and Gee Bradley, 
Junior Warden. This Lodge existed for two or three 
years. Hiram Lodge, No. 40, was established under a 
dispensation of Wm. R. Davie, Grand Master, dated 
10th March, 1799, with Henry Potter, Master ; John 
Marshall, Senior Warden ; and Robert Williams, Jr., 
Junior VVarden. Its charter bears date December 15, 
1800, and was signed by Wm. Polk, Grand Master. 
The Grand Lodge of Masons, after holding its com- 
munications alternately in Tarboro, Ilillsboro, New- 
bern and FayeUeville, met for the first time in Raleigh, 
on the 3d of December, 1794. It has since held its 
Annual Communications here. 

Odd Fellowship. 

" Friendship, Love and Truth." 

The Grand Lodge of North Carolina, Independent 
Order Odd Fellows, was instituted in Wilmington on 
the sixth day of January, 1843, by District De[)uty 
Grand Sire, George M. Baine, and therefore has been 
in existence forty-four years 



48 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



crp:ech & CO.. 

MAHLER BUILDING, 



JOSEPH ALEXAPER CREECH, 

Attorney and General Manager. 

Estates of deceased soldiers of llie Texan Rt-volution (1S35-1S37) and 
early settlers in Texas a specialty. We have an abstract of every valid 
grant, certificate and [mtent ever issued by Spain, Mexico, the Republic 
or State of Texas; also, abstracts of jnoceeding^ in ))r!»bate in many 
counties of Texas. 

Estates of California Pioneers and Forty-Niners recovered. 

Claims to unsettled estates in England and France and all foreign coun- 
tries investigated and prosecuted. Absent heirs, unfound next of kin. 
missing legatees and lost relatives and friends in any part of tb.e world 
traced, located found and profluced or death certificate fwrnishecl' 

HAVE YOUR PHOTOGRAPHS 

MADE BY 




His Pictures are finished in the latest styles, 
with the greatest care, and always please. 

DON'T FAIL TO GIVE HIM ATRIAL. 

IW Fauetteville Street, BALEJGIT, N. C, 



THE CITY OE RALKTGH. 49 

You will find no shoddy goods at G. N WALT- 
ERS^— The Tailor-Ealeigh, N. C. 

The order in Raleigh now consists of Manteo Lodge 
No. 8, Seaton Gales Lodge No. 64, and McKee En- 
campment No. 15. 

Manteo Lodge No. 8, was instituted January 14th, 
1846, by Alexander McRae, then Grand Master, and 
with the exception of the war period, and a few years 
thereafter, has worked continuously for forty-seven 
years, and is now continuing its great work of benevo- 
lence and charity, and in the upbuilding of the great 
fraternal principles of that institution. 

Seaton Gales Lodge No. 64, was instituted by Seaton 
Gales, then Grand Master, after whom the Lodge was 
named, on the 2lst day of January, 1871, and is now, 
as it always has been, one of the bann.er Lodges of the 
State. It is full of energ}^ and push, and whenever 
any good thing for the promotion of the order i.- put 
forward, it is always in the front rank. 

McKee Encampment No. 15, was instituted by Wm. 
L. Smith, Past Grand Master, then District Deputy 
Grand Sire, on the second day of May, 1871. 

As this branch of the order is only one of higher 
grade than the Lodge, it is composed of members who 
are also members of the two Lodges. It has its system 
of charitable work arranged similarly to the Lodges. 
"The Camp" as it is frequentl}^ called, prides itself 
upon its dramatic rendition of its secret work as well 
as its binding closer into the fraternal relation the 
membership of the order. It teaches tokration, hos- 
pitality, and endeavors to impress its members with 
the idea of unselfishness. 

The amount of real good that accrues to our com- 
munity, l)y Odd Fellowship, will never be known. Its 
work is done without ostentation. It carries joy and 
gladness to many households that the world never 



50 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



S. B. NORRIS. P. A. CARTER. 

NORRIS & CARTER, 

DEALERS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC 













SILKS, SATINS, VELVETS, CASHMERES 



Henri eft a ClofJis^ 
White Goods, 
Shirt Sf 
Cuffs, 



Black Goods, Crepe Sy 

Notions, Hosiery, 

Neck Wear, Collars, 

Boots, Shoes, Hats, 



CARPKXS AND XRUNKS. 
Best Goods at Lowest Prices. 



'^4 



GO TO 



If^ 



's 



lOE FIJYE CLOTHIMG, 

Gents' Fine Furnishing Goods. 

SHOES! SHOES!! 

And other well-known makes. Best School SHOE in ihe State foi" 

BOYS AND GIRLS. 

All Shapes, Sizes and Colors, Soft, Stiff, Cassimere, and Silk 



'^^ Custom I>e2)artmeut Suits to measure, in full blast. A 
perfect fit guaranteed or no sale. 

Thanking my friends and patrons for their liberal patronage for the 
past FIFTEEN YEARS, I respectfully ask an inspection of my present stock 
and take pleasure in assuring them I shall always endeavor to merit a 
share of their favors by a careful attention to their wants. 

Respectfully, D. S. WAITT. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH 51 

The Best thing to 4o— Look up JOHN PESCUD'S. 

knows. The Lodges in this city alone, disburse to 
their sick, and for burying their dead over two hun- 
dred dollars annually. Besides they are first and 
foremost in rendering aid wherever and whenever the 
cry of distress is raised, let tliat cry come from what- 
ever source it may. 

The two Lodges and the Encampment have now in 
their Widows' and Orphans' and General Funds, over 
five thousand dollars, and are still accumulating to 
those funds. Their membership embrace the best of 
our citizens, and no one who connects himself with 
the Odd Fellows is made worse, but often much better. 

To give the reader some idea of what Odd Fellow- 
ship is, w-e append some statistical information derived 
from the Journal of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, which 
is the federal head or controlling power of the entire 
organization, which now embraces, not only every 
State and Territory in this country, but Canada, Ger- 
many, Australia and other countries on the continent 
of Europe. 

Journal 188G, page 10,332 gives returns for 1885, as 
follow^s : 

GrcUid Lodges, 51 ; Gran.d Encampments 44 ; Sub- 
ordinate Lodges, 7,95G; Subordinate Encampments, 
1,947; Rebekah Degree Lodges, L247 ; Lodge initia- 
tions, 36,340; Encamriment initiations, 7,165; Lodge 
men] hers, 517,310; Encampment members, 94,376; 
Rebekah Degree Lodge members, 58,025; Relief by 
Lodges, $1,960,4 18.00; Relief by Encampments, §205,- 
62U.24; l^'elief by Rebekah Lodges, $14,863 69 ; Total 
relief, $2,180,901.93; Revenue of Lodges. $4,764,111.96 
Revenue of Encampments, $473.652 00; Revenue of 
Rebekah Lodges, $71,92181 ; Total revenue, $5,309,- 
688.77. 



52 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



W. J. Ellington, L. H. Royster, 

Business Manager. Architect and Supt. of Buildings. 

B. F. Park, in Charge of Shops. 

ELLINGTON, ROYSTER & CO., 




AND MAUNFACTURERS OF 



c 



oASH, DOORS AND BLIHDS. 

Sasli, Glazed and Ungiazed, 

DOORS OF ALL KINDS. 



croll Work of Yarious Designs. 



INSIDE AND OUTSIDE BLINDS. 



Porch and Stair Ballusters Turned or Sawed. 



Contracts taken an3'where in the State. Tin or slate roofing done 
to order. Rough and dressed lumber. Moulding and brackets of all 
kinds. We make all the above items a specialty. 

Work guaranteed first-class and prices as cheap or cheaper than can 
be had elsewhere. 

Give us a trial order this year. 
Telephone, No, S5, Shops, 101 West St., BaleUjh, N. C. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 53 

You'll find it economy to patronize GEO. N. 

WALTERS, The Tailor, 234 Fayetteville 

street, Raleig^h, N. C. 

The officers of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina 
for the present year are as follows: 

Wm. A. Bobbitt, Oxford, Grand Master; Rev. J. IT. 
Cordon, Wilson, Deputy Grand iMaster; Dr. Jno. H. 
Pool, South Mills, Grand Warden; B. H. Woodell, 
Raleigh, Grand Secretary; R.J.Jones, Wilmington, 
Grand Treasurer; Junius Slocumb, Goldsboro, and C. 
B. Edwards, Raleigh, Grand Representatives to the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge. 

Growth in Population. 

The total population in 1807 was 726. 

In 1810 this had increased to 976. 

In 1840, the population had grown to 2,240. 

In 1850, 4,518 — having increased as much in ten 
years as it had done before in thirty. 

In 1860, 4,780. 

In 1870. 7,700. 

In 1880, 9,223. 

The population is now, in 1887, conceded to be not 
less than 16,000. 

Increase in Values of Property. 

The increase in the values of reai property has been 
marked, especially in localities near the Market House. 
Only a few instances are cited : 

The lot on the corner of Martin and Wilminglon 
streets, on part of which the Adams Building rears 
its imposing front — 140x120, was bought for $2 500 in 
November, 1851. In 1874 nine-fourteenths of it were 
sold for $10,050, at the rate of over $22,000 for the 
whole. 



54 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



THE 

RALEIGH CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE 

/S A FAMILY, RELIGIOUS NEWSPAPER, 

Is i^HK Okkicial Organ ok 

OVER EIGHTY THOUSAND RORTH CAROLIHA METHODISTS. 

It goes into almost eveiy community in the State. 
It is therefore A SPLENDID ADVERTISING MEDIUM — 
ONE OF THE BEST, if not the best, in the State. 
A large number of its readers take no other paper. 
It was established in 1855. 



RATES OF ADVERTISING REASONABLE. 

Subscription Rates: 

One year, in advance, - - - $2 00 
Six months, in advance, - - 1 00 

Three months, in advance, - - 50 



Every Methodist ought to subscribe for the AD- 
VOCATE, and every business man ought to advertise in 
it. Sample copies sent free on application. 

Address REV. F. L RE!D, 

Editor and Publisher, 

RALEIGH, N. C. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 55 

The Best in Town-Segars, at JOHN PESCUD'S. 

The ground where the Citizen's National Bank now 
stands was bought about forty years ago for $2,200. 
It was sold at auction in 1868 for $8,200. 

The southeast corner of Fayetteville and Martin 
streets was sold in 1838 for $750; it sold in 1872 for 
$10,000 cash. Before the erection upon it of the Bag- 
ley Building, the ground floor of which is occuj)ied 
by Lee, Johnson & Co., druggists, it rented for as much 
as $1,200 per year. 



THE SURRENDER OF RALEIGH. 

It was not until the arrival of Sherman's army in 
Goldsboro, in April 1865, and his long halt at that 
place, for the purpose of refitting and recruiting his 
exhausted troops, that tlie people of Raleigh enter- 
tained any serious apprehensions of being visited by 
the enemy. 

Johnson's Retreat. 

The surrender of General Lee, wliich took place on 
the 9th of April 1865, rendered it absolutely necessary 
that General Johnson should retreat as rapidly as pos- 
sible ta Western North Carolina. The news of Lee's sur- 
render reached Raleigh on the lOlh, and it was then 
that our people realized the fact that in our immediate 
vicinity the closing acts of the greatdrama would take 
place, and, that in all probability " an array of occupa- 
tion" would be quartered upon us to destroy what little 
of our substance remained. We were not long in sus- 
pence. About the 10th of April the advance ot John- 
son's retreating army entered and passed through the 
city. It was truly a sad sight; the band played Dixie, 



56 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



CHAS. D. ARTHUR, 



Stall No. 16, City Market, 



DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF 









OYSTERS, CRABS, &c. 

All orders executed promptly and deliv- 
ered anywhere in the city free of charge. 

TELEI^HONE CALL, No. 110, 



MOSELEY'S 



£ 



^1 



i 



-|5' 




120 IFayette-^T-xlle St;3:?oet, 



RALEIGH, N. C. 



Boontft Pleasant ! Table Good! Waiters Attentive ! 
Prices Moderate! A Quiet Place! 



LADIES' AND GENTLEMEN'S DINING HALL ATTACHED. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 67 



The best fits you may rely upon getting, every 

time, at GEO. N. WALTERS', The Tailor, 

234 Fayetteville street. 

and the worn out veterans seemed to arouse up every 
muscle to appear in their best plight; their careworn 
faces, liowever, tohi the sad tale, and silently they 
wended their way westward. They were several days 
in passing through, and, as they came, the news was 
communicated that the ''Yankees" were near at hand 

Preparations for a Formal Surrender. 

In the meantime it was considered best that the city 
authorities should take some steps for the proper sur- 
render of the city, which Johnson's retreat would neces- 
sarily leave at the mercy of the enemy. A meeting of 
the Board of Aldermen, then called Commissioners, 
was called, and a committee appointed, consisting of 
several members of that body and some four or five 
other citizens. The duties of the committee thus ap- 
pointed were understood to be somewhat as follows : 
They were expected to meet the advance of the federal 
army a short distance from the city and formally sur- 
render the same. The particular manner in which 
the programme was to be carried out was left, to a 
great extent, to Mayor W. H. Harrison. 

The night of the 12th of April was one of extreme 
anxiety. Gen. Wade Hampton with his calvary force 
occupied the city, nor did man}^ of them leave until 
within a few hours of the enemy's approach to the cor- 
porate limits. Col. Harrison was up the entire night 
in the discharge of his oflicial duty. It was known 
that many of Hampton's Cavalry, as was natural un- 
der the circumstances, were desperate and daring men, 
and the utmost vigilance on the part of the civil auth- 
orities was necessary to preserve the peace. 



58 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



You are treated kindly at JOHN PESCUD'S 
Drug Store. 



Departure of the Committee. 

The morning of the loth of April was a gloom}^ one 
indeed. A steady rain had set in and the sky was 
draped v»^ith black and ominous looking clouds. About 
sunrise the committee procured a carriage and pro- 
ceded out on the Holleoaan road to a point where it 
was crossed by the fortifications. The carriage con- 
tained, among others, Kenneth Rayner, P. F. Pescud, 
Mayor Harrison, Dr. R. B. Haywood, and W. R. Rich- 
ardson, the latter riding on the seat with the driver 
and carrying a staff to which was attached a white 
handkerchief to be used as a flag of truce. Arriving at 
their destination they awaited, amidst a drenching 
rain the coming of the enemy. 

The "Yankees" in Sight. 

About 8 o'clock, from the summit of the hill beyond 
Walnut creek, near the residence of W. H. Plolleman, 
Esq., was seen a body of horsemen approaching. Sud- 
denly they were observed to halt and one of the fore- 
most leveled a field spy-glass towards the place occu- 
pied by the committee. Then it was that Mr. Richard- 
son, who had been assigned the duty of waving the 
flag of truce, struck the emblem of peace on the top of 
the fortification. A few minutes after, a detachment 
rode up to the committee, the officer in charge en- 
quiring, "What does this mean?" Mr. Rayner repied 
that they were a joint delegation of city officials and 
citizens, who, i)i the absence of any military organiza- 
tions, desired to surrender the city and ask protection 
for its non-combatants and public and private property. 
The officer replied that Gen. Kilpatrick alone had 
authority to arrange terms of surrender. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 59 

Fair and honorable dealing have secured for 
WALTERS, The Tailor, his popularity. 



An Interviev/ with Kilpatriek. 

The officer with his escort then returned to the main 
body of troops, and in a short while Gen. Judson Kil- 
patriek, the notorious Federal cavalry commander 
made his appearance before them. Mr Rayner stepped 
forward and said: "This is Gen. Kilpatriek, I pre- 
sume." "That is my name," replied Kilpatriek, 
" whom do I address?" " My name, sir, is Rayner — 
Kenneth Rayner," replied our spokesman, "and I 
have been selected to formally surrender the city of 
Raleigh to Gen. Sherman's army." Mr. Rayner made 
an earnest and tender appeal for the protection of the 
city and her people, at which the committee found it 
difficult to repress their feelings, and tears moistened 
the eyes of all. Kilpatriek received the words of the 
speaker with cold indifference. He said he would pro- 
tect the lives and property of all who yielded "obe- 
dience to law and order, but should pursue with re- 
lentless fury all traitors in armed opposition to the in- 
tegrity of the Union." 

The committee then returned to the city. 

At the Enemy's Mercy— An Incident. 

In a short while after the committee had returned, 
Kilpatrick's cavalry begun to enter the city. Passing 
rapidly up Fayetteville street towards the Capitol, all 
of a sudden they came to a check, and at the same in- 
stant was heard a loud exclamation, "Hurah for the 
Southern Confederacy," accompanied by the report of 
a pistol in the hands of a Confederate officer, mounted 
and occupying the middle of the street between the 
residence of the late Dr. F. J. Haywood and the North 
Carolina Book Store, now the Branson House. He had 



60 THE CITY OP RALEIGH. 



JOHN S. PESCUD'S Popular Drug Store, 118 
Fayetteville street. 



fired at Kilpatrick advance. Attempting to escape, he 
was cn{)tured and carried before Kilpatrick in the 
Capitol Square. 

Said the orderly having the prisonor in cliarge to 
Kilpatrick: '' General, here is the man who fired at 
our advance." 

*' To whose command do 3'OU belong?" said Kil- 
patrick. 

*'I belong to Hamilton's Cavalry, and am from 
Texas," replied the man. 

"Don't you know, sir, what the penalty is for re- 
sisting after terms of surrender have been agreed 
upon?" said Kilpalrick. 

"I knew nothing about the surrender, and J didn't 
shoot at anybody." 

"I understood," said Kilpatrick, " that you are one 
of these fellows who have been breaking open stores, 
and committing robbery during last night and early 
this morning, and your action to-day has endangered 
the lives of many of tlie citizens of this town ; you 
deserve death, sir. Orderly," he continued, " take this 
man out where no ladies can see him, and liang him." 

Efforts were made by some of our prominent citi- 
zens to save the man who was about to yield U[) his 
life for an act of folly, but to no pur[)ose — he was taken 
to the old Lovejoy Grove, where the Governor's now 
Mansion r.ow stands, and hung to a tree, under which 
he was buried. His I'emains were afterwards taken 
up and de[)osited near the northwest corner of the 
Confederate Cemetery. 

A similar incident, ending fortunately in a more 
pleasant manner* soon after took [)!ace. 

Early on the morning of the surrender, Lieutenant 
James, of the Confederate service, who had been at- 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 61 



WALTERS, The Tailor, never disappoints his 
customers -he is always on time. 

tached to the Provost Marshal's office here, while re- 
turning on horseback from a visit to lady friends in 
the northeastern part of tl^e city, was met by some of 
Kilpatrick's Cavalry who, observing that he wore the 
uniform of a Confederate officer,- summoned him to 
surrender. Tiiis he refused to do, but endeavored to 
defend himself by reaching for his pisto'. He was, 
however, overpowered and taken prisoner. This was 
soon after Kilpatrick had so summarily disposed of 
the unfortunate Texan. Being also carried before Kil- 
patrick, the latter, looking the young ofiicer sternly in 
the face, said : 

" Who are you, sir?" 

" My name sir, is James — Lieutenant James, of the 
(he Confederate service," was the reply. 

" Why are you not with your command ? Wluit are 
you doing straggling about? Are you a spy?" in- 
quired Kilpatrick. 

'' I am no straggler or spy either — I am attached to 
the Provost Marshal's office in this city," answered 
James. 

" Ah, indeed," said Kilpatrick, "so much the worse 
for you, sir; you must have known of (he. surrender 
of the city, and yet, as I am informed, you showed 
figlU when my men attempted to arrest you." 

•' 1 did not know of the surrender," said James; "I 
had been visiting, and supposed from the action of 
your men that a skirmish was going between your ad- 
vance and some of General Hamilton's rear. Such 
being my impression, I atteLnj)ted to defend mysejf — 
I would do so again, sir." 

" I have just hung a man for an offence similar to 
yours, sir," said Kilpatrick. 



62 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

JOHN S. PESCUD'S Vaniila Extract is the Best. 

" Very well, sir," said James, " you have me in your 
power — you can hang me if you like." 

As this was said, a thrill of terror ran through the 
bystanders, for there were numbers of our citizens on 
the spot, who surely thought that the reply would 
be an order for another execution. Kilpatrick paused 
a moment, and looking the young officer full in the 
face — the latter returning the gaze in a bold and de- 
fiant manner — answered: 

" No, ril not hang you. Orderly," he continued, 
addressing the man in cliarge of the squad, "take 
charge of this young man until further orders." 

James was taken from the guards and placed in 
prison. He was released on parole in a few days. 

Protection Assured. 

One of the most pressing duties devolving upon 
those having in charge the surrender of the city was 
to provide guards for the private residences of the cit- 
izens. This was an onerous task, because it was nec- 
essary to have as many houses as possible under strict 
watch before the regular portion of the army entered 
the town. Besides, there resided here several gentle- 
men who had occupied high official positions in the 
civil service of the Confederate States, and it was feared 
that, in consequence thereof, their persons and prop- 
erty might be singled out as special objects of ven- 
geance by the invading army. Prominent among 
these was the late ex Governor Thomas Bragg, who 
had previously filled the office of Attorney General in 
Mr. Davis's Cabinet. No trouble was encountered in 
obtaining guards for such citizens as desired them, 
and for awhile, at least, our citizens felt secure against 
all harm which they had feared might befall them 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 63 

My Clothes Fit, and the Goods are Fine, because 

they were made by WALTERS, The Tailor, 

Raleigh, N. C. 

from the enemy. This feeling of complete security 
lasted until the news reached Raleigh the 15th of 
April of the 

Assassination of President Lincoln. 

The news was received here in a most exaggerated 
form, and rapidly spread among the soldiers of the 
army as well as the citizens of the town. As it went 
from mouth to mouth the dimensions of the affair 
hugely increased, and the perpetrators of the deed 
were declared to be prominent officers of the Con- 
federate Government, acting directly under in- 
structions from President Davis and his Cabinet. Of 
course there were not wanting those who sought by 
the most absurd recitals to add fuel to the flames of 
excitement, in the hopes of exciting the mob element 
of the Federal army to wreak vengeance upon the in- 
habitants of the city, and thereby afiPord an excuse for 
plunder and other outrageous deeds of violence. In 
the meantime a few of the citizens endeavored to ob- 
tain authentic information concerning the assassination 
from General Sherman, but without avail. 

A Night of Terror. 

On the 15th, night fell upon our people in a state of 
the wildest excitement and alarm. All kinds of ru- 
mors were afloat as to the intention of the army. 
Crowds of soldiers were to be seen standing at the cor-, 
ners of the diff'erent streets, loud in their expressions 
of indignation, and open in their declarations to have 
vengaance for what they termed the ** rebel murder." 
It was a terrible time. Many of the citizens petitioned 
for extra guards. Hundreds of people sat up during 



64 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



Everything in Medicine-JOHN : PESCUD^S 

Drug' Store. 



the entire night, expecting every moment mob vio- 
lence. About 9 o'clock additioual alarm was created 
by the alarm of " fire !" Many thought that the work 
of" destruction had commenced. Hundreds of citizens 
repaired to the scene of the flames, but the cause of 
excitement was liappily discovered to be the acciden- 
tal burning of a deserted workshop in the remote 
southeastern section of the city. The remaining por- 
tion of the night passed off in a comparative^^ quiet 
manner. 

It is authoritatively stated that but for the prompt ac- 
tion of Major General Logan a mob would have sacked 
the city on the night above alluded to. He had ar- 
rived in the city duriug the day from Morrisville, and 
was, in the early part of the night, at the house of a 
well-known citizen, when he was called out by a pri- 
vate soldier, who told him that a part of his com- 
mand, encamped near the Insane Asylum, were on 
their way to the city for the purpose of burning it. He 
immediately mounted his horse and met the mob at 
the bridge over Rocky Branch, where with mingled 
threats and entreaties ho dissuaded them from their 
vile purpose. 

An Editor in a " Fix." 

At the time of the surrender of the city, among other 
papers published here, was the Daily Progress. After 
Sherman's occupation this journal was permitted to 
continue issuing its regular editions. Col. W. R. Rich- 
ardson, of Raleigh, was one of the proprietors. A few 
days after Lincoln's assassination tlie paper was seen 
to contain an article reflecting upon Sherman for al- 
lowing private property to be taken for army purposes 
without compensation. The property alluded to was 



THE CITY 01^ RALEmH. 65 



Go to Geo. N. WALTERS^ The Tailor, for Fine 
Suits, Raleigh, N. C. 

the residence of the late Dr. F. J. Haywood, at the 
head of Fayetteville street. Early in the forenoon of 
the same day Col. Richardson received the following 
note from Gen. Sherman, rininingsomewhatasfollows. 

" To the Proprietors of the Progress : 

You are hereby ordered to suspend your paper and 
report at once to headquarters. 

[Signed] W. T. Sherman. 

Col. Richardson prepared as soon as possible to obey 
the summons, while, in the language of that gentle- 
man himself, '' the ghost of the unfortunate Texan 
flitted before him, ai^d the case-mated walls of Fortress 
Monroe angrily frowned in prospect." Appearing be- 
fore Shernian, the latter said, ''So you are an editor?" 
and continued: "There is one thing I want you news- 
paper men to understand and that is, you are not con- 
ducting a newspaper in Massachusetts or New York, 
but in a conquered territory; and I'll have you to un- 
derstand that if you can't'^carry on }our papers with- 
out reflecting on my army, I am determined that they 
shall be suspended." 

An explanation was made by Col. Richardson, which 
was deemed sufficient to excuse him from what Sher- 
man thouglit had been almost treasonable, and the 
Progress afterwards made its appearance as usual. 

Wise Precaution. 

Imitating the example of citizens of the South 
generally, uiuler similar circunistances, the people of 
Raleigh who were in possession of gold or silver coin, 
as well as other portable articles of value, adopted the 
" hiding" process. The usual mode resorted to was 
that of de[)Ositing in the ground or in some secret 
place about the house, whatever was thought most 
likely to tempt the cupidity of the enemy. 



66 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

Not Put up in Cans-PESCUD'S Milk Shakes. 

• 

The story goes that three of our citizens who had 
been so fortunate during the war as to secure consid- 
erable piles of specie, entered into an agreement a day 
or so before the arrival of the enemy to hide it near a 
culvert on the Raleigh, and Gaston Railroad, in the 
immeaiate vicinity of the place now occupied by the 
North Carolina Car Shops. Going one day to discover 
if their treasures had been molested, one of the gentle- 
men discovered to his horror a party of Federal 
so.diers encamped on the very spot that contained 
nearly all of his earthly possessions. After a confer- 
ence with his " partner," it was decided to disclose the 
secret to a Federal officer and solicit his protection for 
the removal of the hidden property. Ti)is course Vv^as 
followed with success. Tne party accompanied by the 
officer, went to the camp, and to the utter astonishment 
of the soldiers, dug up the glittering pieces over which 
they had been innocently eating and sleeping for so 
long a time. It is said they raved at the bare idea of 
rebels being allowed to rob their camp! 

Things Settling Down. 

About the 25th of April Gen. Sherman left the army 
in command of Schofield, and proceeded to Savannah, 
for the purpose of directing matters in South Carolina 
and Georgia, Upon his return to Raleigh arrange- 
ments were made for the disposition of the forces un- 
der his command. The Tenth and Twentv-third 
Corps, together with Kil Patrick's Cavalry Division, 
were ordered to remain in North Carolina until further 
orders. Most of the remaining portion of the army 
was ordered to march to Washington, where a grand 
review took place on the 24th of May. On the 30th 
of the same month Sherman issued his farewell orders 
to his troops. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 67 



The Best Talent only is employed by GEO. N. 
WALTERS, The Tailor, Raleigh, N. C. 



RALEIGH OF TO-DAY. 



THE CITY A CENTRE, FINANCIALLY, INDUSTRIALLY 

AND SOCIALLY— THE EDUCATIONAL HEART OF 

THE STATE— ITS REMARKABLE GROWTH 

AND CONSTANT DEVELOPMENT. 



Much of tin's sketch, or rather series of sketches, has 
had to do with the past history of the capital city, but 
this deals witli the present of Raleigh. No place has 
Qiade a more rapid advance, or a more stable founda- 
tion, and the people of the State have good reasons for 
regarding their seat of government with satisfaction 
and pride. 

Its Growth in Seventeen Years. 

Raleigh began its real growth in 1870, Tucker 
Hall, the Metropolitan Building and one or two others 
had then been erected, but the building of stores, ware- 
houses and modern private residences on an extensive 
scale really began that year. In seventeen year? the 
appearance of the greater part of the city has l)een 
changed almost entirely, and fully a third of the sixty 
miles of streets have been laid off and adorned witli 
buildings. The city has far more than doubled its 
population in the seventeen years. The number of 
buildings has^more than doubled, and Fayetteville, 



- 68 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

" Water Proof," and the Best on the Market — 
JOHN PESCUD'S Milk Shake. 

North Blount, East North and Hillsboro streets have 
become the handsomest thoroughfares m (he South. 
Only a dozen years ago a great tract of woodland stood 
at the northeastern limits of the city. It was cleared and 
opened and now as if by magic, buildings cover it and 
the city is reaching out beyond its outer line. North- 
west of the city were fields of stunted pines, which 
were not considered desirable for residences until 1880. 
In seven years all is changed, and the former old field 
has become one of the finest and most desirable por- 
tions of the city. The increase in the value of land 
has been steady. There have been no fictitious values, 
and this stability lias been a prime factor in the city's 
success and growth. The comments of all persons who 
spend any time away from Raleigh is, that its growth 
and development are not surpassed in the State. So 
much for practical enterprise. 

Public Enterprises. 

The public attention is in a large degree fixed upon 
Raleigh as a point for business or residence purposes. 
In the past year no less than a thousand persons have 
added to the population, apart from its natural growth. 
Public enterprises liave attracted laborers and business 
men, and the admirable schools and othpr convenien- 
ces also attract many who place a just value upon such 
advantages. The city has inaugurated a system of 
paving, and in December, 1886, opened its street car 
lines for traflSc. These lines now have a length of over 
eight miles, and cover the most desirable parts of the 
city. The result is that suburban property has taken 
a natural rise in value, and the extension of the city in 
all directions is accelerated. After careful considera- 
tion the city has put in operation a system of water 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 69 



Buy your Clothes from GEO. N. WALTERS, 234 

Fayetteville street ; " the apparel oft pro- 
claims the man." 



supply which has everything to commend it. Sixty 
years ago a supply of water of the most meagre char- 
acter was furnished in wooden pipes; a sharp contrast 
to the present system with its magnificent pumping 
engines, its fourteen miles of iron main, its one hun- 
dred and twenty douhle hydrants and its hirge resi- 
voirs' supply of pure, well filtered water. A system of 
sewerage will in a few months be inaugurated. T!ie 
city has a complete telephone system, than which none 
in the country is better managed or more complete. 
The city is illuminated both by gas and electricity and 
both systems are excellent. 

Manufacturing Enterprises. 

There areabout J,500 persons employed in industrial 
pursuits, most of them in manufactories. There are 
few idlers, and this is a plain proof of the vigorous 
life of Raleigh. Among the manufacturing enterprises 
which are worthy of special mention are tl)e North 
Carolina Car Company's Shops, the Pioneer Manufac- 
turing Company's Shuttle-]31ock, Bobbin and Spool 
Factory; the North Carolina Phosphate Company's 
Works"; the Raleigh Cotton Seed Oil Mills and'Ferti- 
zer Factory; the Raleigh and Gaston Railway Shops; 
the Plug Tobacco factories of Harvey and Rand, and 
J . E. Pogue; the Smoking Tobacco factory of the 
Knights of Labor, and a new factory for the manufac- 
ture of smoking tobacco and cigarettes on a very ex- 
tensive scale ; the Ice Factory, witl) twenty tons daily 
capacity; the Boiler Siiopsof R. N. Mitcljell ; the iron 
works of Allen and Cram and J. H Gill; the exten- 
sive clothing factories of William Woolcott & Son and 
Walker Bros. ; the Raleigh Cotton-gin Manufactory; 



Only One PESCUD in Medicines-JOHN, the 

Original. 




THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 71 



WALTERS, The Tailor, is a true Artist, and his 
Clothes^fit like those in a Fashion-plate. 

the shoe factory of Wetmore & Oo. A cotton factory 
is to be built. There is here also an extensive candy 
manufactory — that of A. D. Royster & Bro. This firm 
began business more than twenty years ago as retail 
confectioners. For a long time ihey realized the im- 
portance of furnishing tlieir patrons with pure and 
wholesome candies, free from all adulterations; and 
believing the public would appreciate their efforts in 
that direction, in 1872 they put their idea of manufac- 
turing into execution. Commencing on a small scale, 
they soon developed their present large and extensive 
business, which is now recognized as one of the lead- 
ing establishments of the kind in the South. Employ- 
ment is given to from twenty-five to forty operatives, 
and there is a daily output of from 2,500 to 3,000 
pouiids. Their prices are as low as their goods can be 
purchased for elsewhere, while the quality is pure and 
absolutely free from adulterations. 

The Tobacco and Cotton Trade. 

Prior to the war a few bales of cotton were sold liere. 
About 1867 the business began, but it did not assume 
large proportions until about 1872. The high-water 
mark in receipts was 75,000 bales. A large section of 
country as tributary to Raleigh in the cotton trade, 
and the quality of the staple, and the care shown in 
liandling it both give the market high rank. Tiie to: 
bacco trade began in 1884 and has assumed large pro- 
portions. Over 4,000,000 [)Ounds will be sold this 
season and the weed comes here from over twenty 
counties. The warehouses and prizehouses are large, 
and shows how Raleigh has taken hold of this new 
and very important trade. 



72 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



The Best thing to do— Look up JOHM PESCUD'S. 

The Increase in Wealth. 

Raleigh has the largest banking capital in the 
State — half a million dollars—and aiso has the great- 
est wealth. There is over $1,200,000 in deposits in 
the banks, subject to check Luxurious homes, ele- 
gant «quipages, fine cattle and horses, mark the refined 
tastes as well as the wealth of the people. Men who 
in 1805 had only energy as capital, are now well on 
their way to fortune. Several are almost millionaires. 
Besides the three National Banks, with their $500,000 
of ca{)ital, one of tlie city's most important signs of 
progress is tiie Savings Bank, established in 1887, with 
$25,000 capital, which is soon to be doubled or perhaps 
quadrupled. 

The State of Trade. 

The dry goods and grocery trade and the commis- 
sion business are very prominent There is also a 
very large clothing and hardw^are trade. All branches 
of business are represented, and Raleigh is very city- 
like in this respect. Business is good and on a sound 
basis. No city of anything near the size of Raleigh 
can show so few failures or business embarrassments 
as this. 

The Railways. 

These thoroughfares of trade have kept pace with 
other things, and Raleigh now has four lines leading 
North, South, East and West, and gathering in or tak- 
ing out heavy freights. Ttie North Carolina, Raleigh 
and Gaston and Raleigh and Augusta railways give 
Raleigh quick connections with all points, and in a 
twelvemonth more the fast through line from Atlanta 
to New York will give even more rapid transit. The 



THE CITY OF K A LEIGH. 



73 



" Don't let it escape you," that the Leading Tailor 
of Raleigh is GEO. N. WALTERS. 




74 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



Sold by the Glass-PESCUD'S Limeade 

railway from Williamston, via Tarboro and Nashville, 
will als) be built to Raleigh, and no doubt narrow^ 
guage lines will speedily be constructed. 

The City Government, &c. 

The municipal administration of Raleigh has for 
the past three years been very progressive, while taxes 
have been reduced and various reforms instituted. 
The rate of taxation is now lower than in many years, 
and will compare favorably with that of any city of 
equal size in the country. The debt is comparatively 
small, and the sinking fund, thanks to good manage- 
ment, is large. The city's credit is high. 

The Public Buildings. 

At no Slate capital are the public buildings so 
grouped as here. In plain view- are tlie Capitol, the 
Agricultural Department, the Supreme Court and Li- 
brary building, the white and colored Institutions for 
the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind, the Insane Asylum, 
the Governors Mansion, Penitentiary, the State Signal 
Office and tlie Experiment Farm, and the State Fair 
Grounds. The massive Postoffice replaces the little 
wooden shanty that up to 1878 did duty in that respect. 
The city has equal cause to be proud of its own public 
buildings — the Metropolitan Building and the CVn- 
tential Graded School. 

The Schools and Churches. 

In both an. educational and religious sense this fair 
city is blessed : such schools as St. Mary's and Peace, 
with a Southern reputation, the well conducted Ral- 
leigli Male Academy (the successor of the old " Love- 
joy School"), the Centennial Graded School, and tlie 
new graded school in the northeastern part of the 



THE CITY OF RALKIGH. 75 



The Best Dressed Gentlemen of Raleigh secure 
their Suits at GEO. N, WALTERS\ 



city. 01 the colored institutions there are the Shaw 
University, the St. Augustine Normal School, and three 
graded schools. There are over 3,500 pupils, of both 
races, in the private and public schools. 

Of churches there are nearly thirty, some of the 
buildings being among the handsomest in the State. 
There are over 8,000 members of the various congre- 
gations, wliile in the- Sabbath schools there are over 
4,000 children. All these figures show the city's 
growth far more plainly than would any ordinary 
statement. 

Literary and Social Features. 

The public library and special libraries of the Su- 
l)reme Court and various institutions are all available 
to readers. The Yo.ung Men's Christian Association, 
a very influential order, has a library and assembly 
room. The social attracti^^ns of Raleigh, the beauty 
and grace and attractivenes of its women, are known 
all over the State. The city, so well shaded and so 
charming in every respect, presents many attractions 
to visitors, which distinguish it from any other place 
in North Carolina. The development of the city's 
beauty-spots have really but just begun, and in a few 
years the lately acquired park and tlie public squares 
will compare in appearance with any. 



RALEIGH AS A COTTON MARKET. 



i 

It would be useless, if access were liad to every page 
in this volume, to attempt an exhaustive review of the 
Raleigh cotton trade for the past quarter of a century. 



76 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



H. H. CROCKER 

No. .9 East Hurgctf St., 

— DEALER IN — 



IMii,. ©fit "" 



BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, TRUNKS, VALISES, UMBRELLAS, 

Gents' Furnishing Gocds, 

NOTBOi^S, ETC. 



A complete and superior stock of the 
above goods always on hand, and offered 
at prices that defy competition 

Hvery time you buy a pair of boots or 
shoes without first looking at my stock, it 

IS MONEY LOST. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGB. 



77 



Seed for the Farm— at JOHN S. PESCUD'S Drug 

Store. 



m 
> 

o 
m 

2 
CO 

H 

H 
C 
H 
m 




78 THE CITY OE RALEIGH. 



You will find no shoddy goods at G. N. WALT- 
ERS'— The Tailor-Raleigh, N. C. 

Raleigh was no cotton market fifty years ago. It was 
a village then. It had good schools, and it had good 
merchants, and it had energetic business men, but not 
until twenty five years later did it begin the success- 
ful handling of cotton. 

When the war closed, in the spring of 1865, it opened 
the gates of hundreds of cotton fields throughout this 
section, and the lines and the plows were laid down, and a 
mjijority of those who had been making cotton walked 
out of the fields\ They \yere free, and for awhile tliey 
they thouaiit thai all other blessings came with their 
emancipati(Ui. The}' S'Oii got hungry, however, and 
were a^ain hack in the cotton fields, and to their 
credit he it said, they have as a ruh? been striving ever 
since to maintain, themselves, and to better their con- 
dition. 

During the fall of 1865 Raleigh began buying and 
shi})ping (nitton. Its receipts, of course, were not large, 
hardly reaehing into the thousands, but it was the in- 
auguration of a business industry that has been the 
most substantial power in the upbuilding of the city. 
The receipts of cotton continued to increase until in 
a single year they went beyond 76,000 bales. From 
September 1, 1880, to Septen]ber 1, 1881, Raleigh re- 
ceived and handled 76,728 bales of cotton. Prices that 
year ranged between lOJ ar.d llj cents. Seventy-six 
thousand seven hundred and twenty-eight average 
bales of cotton (450 lbs. each), at lOJ cents per pound, 
amounts to $2,625,398. Calculate the advantages that 
a city of Raleigh's size derives from handling in one 
twelve months three millions dollars worth of cash 
commodity, and the reader will propably admit that 
this great king of our Southern products has done its 
part towards changing Raleigh from a village to a 
city. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH 79 



The Best thing to do— Look up JOHN PESCUD'S. 

The Cotton and Grocers' Exchange. 

In 1874 the merchants here organized the Raleigh 
Board of Trade, which a few years later grew into the 
Cotton and Grocers' Exchange. The ohjects of this 
association have been misconstrued by many of our 
planters. It has been said that the Raleigh Cotton 
Exchange met and agreed upon the |)rices that it 
would pay for cotton, and established rules and regu- 
lations that were detrimental to the interests of cotton 
planters. It is deemed almost an insult to the intel- 
ligence of our planters to paVise long enough to deny 
such an absurd and erroneous charge. The members 
of the Raleigh Cotton and Grocers' Exchange had but 
one general object in view in its organization, and that 
object was to unite the individual efforts of the cotton 
dealers and grocers of Raleigh in fostering and main- 
taining whatever pertained to the advancement of 
Raleigh as a cotton market and to North Carolina as 
a cotton producing State. The efforts of the Exchange 
have been wisely directed, and the surrounding coun- 
try, as well as the city, has reaped the benefits. It has 
nothing to do with market manipulations or with the 
establishment of any fixed prices for cotton here or 
elsewhere. It never has and never will attempt to 
control its members, nor any one of them, nor influ- 
ent' them in any manner in the purchase of cotton, 
nor in the prices they may pay. It has nothing what- 
ever to do with an individual member's business, and 
at no meeting held heretofore, or that may be held 
hereafter, has anything been said, or any rules estab- 
lished, that any member of the Exchange would ob- 
ject to any planter learning or knowing. 

But in unity there is strength, and the Raleigh Cot- 
ton and Grocers' Exchange has by combining the ef- 
forts of its members succeeded in making Raleigh one 



80 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

You'll find it economy to patronize GEO. N. 

WALTERS, The Tailor, 234 Fayetteville 

street, Raleigh, N. C. 

of the leading interior cotton markets of the South. 
One of its first acts was the inauguration of a system 
of cotton-weighing by which the phmter gets his cot- 
ton weighed on standard and well tested scales, by 
sworn an<j bonded cotton weighers — men whose integ- 
rity prompts and whose oath and bond impel them 
to give fair and impartial weights. Does this look 
like oppressing the planters? The same Exchange 
has induced tlie railroad cojijpanies to establish con- 
veniences for handling and shipping cotton that gives 
the market advantages over almost any interior cotton 
market in the South. It has aided and encouraged 
the building of a cotton compress here, the establish- 
ment of which brought to Raleigh a representative of 
one of the largest cotton firms in tlie world, who buys 
cotton here, and after compressing it, ships it direct to 
his branch houses all over Europe as well as America. 
This same Exchange has directed attention of spin- 
ners throughout the country to the excellence of the 
cotton grown in this section; and to-day, Raleigh cot- 
ton is given the preference by many of the leading 
spinners of this country. Its reputation has even in- 
creased over the waters, and its superiority is acknowl- 
edged by many who even talk in different tongues 
from those who make it. Members of this Exchange 
are to-day traveling in Europe telling the great cotton 
moguls of that country of the excellence of the cotton 
grown by our people. Does this look like oppressing 
the planters? We think not. 

The Future Outlook. 

The Raleigh Cott(»n Exchange will continue to do 
all in its po.wer towards maintaining the highest prices 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



81 



JOHN S. PESCUD'S Popular Dru^ Store, 118 
Fayetteville street. 




FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH- REV. J. L- WHITE, PASTOR. 



82 THK CITY OF RALFJIGH. 



The best fits you may reiy upon getting, every 

time, at GEO. N. WALTERS', The Tailor, 

234 Fayetteville street. 



for cotton, and it will always strive to make Raleigh 
the leading interior cotton market, not only in the 
State, but in the South. No market has better facili- 
ties for storing and handling cotton. It has a dozen 
or naore large and well arranged storage warehouses. 
It has ample lunds for njaking advances on cotton 
stored. Il has buyers who are prepared to give the 
highest prices for any number of bales that may be 
offered any day in the year. It can handle to advant- 
age every l^ale of c^'ilon that may be hauled here or 
shipped here. Our merchants are aiid always liave 
been reasonable in their charges for handling cotton — 
not only reasonable, but they charge probably less 
than those of any niarket where the same advantages 
are offered. 

It has not been without effort that Raleigh has at- 
tained these facilities for liandling cotton. Tiie cotton 
men here are among our most enterprising and ener- 
getic citizens, and they have worked year in and year 
out to establish a home market that would meet the 
demands of our cotton producers. 

As a cotton market the city is yet in its infancy. 
Probably before another history of Raleigh's business 
wid be written, our recei{)ts will go beyond a iuindred 
thousand bales. 

Raleigh cotton factories, too, are among the certain- 
ties in the not very distant future, and the hum of 
many spindles will be heard blending in one chorus 
of progressive industries. 



1UK CITY OF KALI<:iGII. S3 



Why cast aside your old Silks, Laces, Feathers, 

etc., when they can be made as Good as New 

by P. J. DUFFIN, 107 Fayetteville St. 



THE TOBACCO MARKET 



At the dawn of day September 26, 1884, there had 
never been a pound of loose leaf tobacco sold in Raleigh, 
and from that day is her progress in this respect dated. 
That day the "City of Oaks" turned over a new leaf 
in her business progress, adding one, if not the 
greatest, to her many industries. Then it was that 
our people saw the first realization of their hopes which 
had been aroused by much talk, the distribution of 
many tobacco seeds among our farmers and the spread- 
ing of all available reading matter concerning the 
growing of tobacco crops, together with the untiring 
energy of a few of our most determined business men, 
most prominent among whom are the Messrs William 
C, Alex. B , and Frank Slronach, who, as Messrs. W. 0. 
Stronach & Co , opened 

The Pioneer Warehouse, 

corner Wilmington and Davie streets. So great was 
the general interest manifested in this enterprise. Gov- 
ernor Jarvis formally opened the house with a stirring 
address, who was followed with rousing ?/ords of cheer 
for its success by Mr. Caleb B. Green, editor of the 
Tobacco Plant oi Durham, then the largest and strongest 
tobacco market in the State. In addition to a strong 
corps of home buyers, although then novices in the 
business, we were on the opening day of our market 
strengthened by a large number of prominent leaf 
dealers, warehousemen and manufacturers from the 
neighboring markets of Durham, Oxford and Hen- 
derson. 



84 THE CITY OF EALEIGH. 



Buy your Clothes from GEO. N. WALTERS, 234 

Fayetteville street ; " the apparel oft pro- 
claims the man." 



The matter of Raleigh as a tobacco market had fallen 
into safe hands and although our first effort was made 
in a modest manner, it was, even beyond the most 
sanguine expectations of its strongest supporters, an 
unbounded success. Wagons from (he counties of 
Franklin, Johnston, Chatham and Durham, stood 
awating the result of our first sale. Our home farmers 
of Wake count}' brought the products of their first to- 
bacco crop to our infant market, and they, too, were well 
pleased with prices. The first step was taken, and i)ush 
and energy had since marked our rapid advancement. 

Sales continued regularly at the Pioneer till it was 
plainly seen its limits were too small, and at oncf-; other 
of our business men launched into the business. A 
large new warehouse w^as talked of and in less than 
two months 

The Capital Warehouse, 

owned by a stock company and under the manage- 
ment of Messrs. T. N. Jones & Co., was ready for busi- 
ness. On the morning of November 12, 1884, the Cap- 
ital Warehouse had its first sale with equally as great 
a success as had the Pioneer. Large quantities of tlie 
bright leaf found a good market there. The Capital 
Warehouse is a good substantial wooden building, 
120x50 feet, with fourteen sky-lights. Its location is 
convenient and has had a good share of the business 
of our Raleigh market since its fkstsale. 

Raleigh with two tobacco warehouses was indeed 
making an encouraging advance, but these were not 
enough to accommodate the custom, and Capt. T. L. 
Love, one of our progressive moneyed men, at once be- 
gan the construction of then the largest warehouse in 
the city, at the corner of Blood worth and Davie streets. 



THK CITY OF KALKIGH, 85 



All orders for Dyeing and Repairing Ladies' Silks, 

Laces, Feathers, etc., receive prompt attention 

from P. J. DUFFIN, 107 Fayetteville St 

It is a frame building, 150x60 feet, with ba'-ement for 
packing rooms. This buiMing before comj)letion was 
leased by Messrs. Moore & Procter and on the 23d day 
of December, 1884, under the name of 

The Farmers' Warehouse, 

threw Oj)en its doors for a share of the trade with no 
less success than its predecessors. Immense quantities 
of tobacco filled its floors, prices ruled high and every 
one was pleased. 

Thus with the Pioneer, the Capital and the Farmers' 
Warehouses our market continued, each house doing 
a good business, until in the early days of 1885 the 
Messrs. Stronach began to feel cramped in the old 
Pioneer, and Mr. W. C Stronach at once contracted for 
tlie largest, best built and most convenient warehouse 
in our city, and on the 15th A[)ril, 1885, 

The Stronach tVarehouse, 

was the scene of busy times, good feeling, and was the 
culmination of our success. At the o()ening sale at 
the Stronach Warehouse hundreds of our people gath- 
ered to see its initial breaks, flags fluttered all over tlie 
large building. Many ladies were present. At 12:30 
the sale began and the many piles upon the floor were 
disposed of at the best of prices. In abandoning the 
old Pioneer Warehouse as too small and taking up 
more comfortable quarters in their new house, they 
did it most gracefully by spreading a sumptuous feast. 
This was in the shape of a barbecue which was served 
in the old Pioneer Warehouse. Here were solids ^a/org 
with the best of good liquors most deceptively concealed 
under the names of punches and cobblers. It was a 



80 



ADVERTISKMKNTS. 



WM. WOOLLCOTT & SON 

14 E. Martin St., 

RALEIGH, N. C, 

—DEALERS IN— 






iM.^ ^ 



joliV. 



'i%m 



Millinery Goods, 

AND 
MANUI^AXJTUhEIiS OF 

Clothino^, Shirts and Drawers. 



Our wholesale st(3ck is the largest and most corn 
plete in the State. 

Our Retail Department is entirely separate from our 
wholesale stock, and all goods are marked in plain 
figures and S'ld only {cr casii and at one |)rice. 

Our ManufactuMng Department is in such shape that 
if you want a suit or a pair of pants made, we can fit 
)'ou in twelve hours from the time of your leaving 
your order. 




EDENTON St. M. E. CHURCH-Rev. W. C. NORMAN, Pastor. 



88 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



The Best Talent only is employed by GEO N. 
WALTERS, The Tailor, Raleigh, N. C. 

time when every guest conceived he had a duty to do, 
and did it. In seven months three large newly built 
warehouses mark the progress of Raleigh as a tobacco 
market. 

With our three new warehouses the business of our 
market continued until the summer of 1885, when 
failing health caused the senior member of the Stron- 
achs to retire from all active business engagements, 
and for several months the Stronach Warehouse was 
closed. 

In October, 1885, however, it again threw open its 
doors to the tobacco farniers under the ftroprietorsliip 
of Messrs. 0. H Foster & Co., who changed its name 
to that of Fosters' Warehouse. The Messrs. Foster Bros, 
only continued the tobacco business till M^y 1st, 1886, 
when they built and began the operation of our large 
cotton compress. Thus again the largest, most conve- 
nient and bestadapted warehouse was again closed. 

In July, 1886, Mr. W. C. Moore, the senior member 
of Messrs. Moore & Procter, of the Farmers' Warehouse, 
for the same reasons which caused Mr. W. C. Stronach 
to retire from active business, also closed the season at 
the Farmers', which, however, did not close, for very 
shortly thereafter Messrs. Moore & Procter sold their 
lease and business to Messrs. E. R. & W. H. Aiken, of 
Dutchville township, Granville county, both active 
young men, who are the present proprieters of the 
Farmers' Warehouse, and they with Messrs T.N. Jones 
& Co., continued the warehouse business alone till 
January 1st, 1887, when some of our most active to- 
bacco men, feeling the ill effects of permitting a house 
so well adapted in every particular and so convenient 
in its location as the Stronach Warehouse to remain 
closed, with some of our earnest business men took active 
steps for its opening, and at once organized 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH, 89 



Ladies ! Your Silks, Laces, Feathers, etc., are 

rendered Good as New when Dyed by P. J. 

DUFFIN, Raleigh, N. C. 

Stronach's Warehouse Association, 

and again, after replacing its original name of Stron- 
ach's Warehouse, began a new life in our tobacco 
business. 

This new Association fully realized that while all 
our warehouses were in the hands of good men, with 
push and energy enough at home there was still some- 
thing more needed. Tliey saw the want of some one 
who was fresh from active life in an already fully es- 
tablished market, who was perfectly familiar with a 
large circle of custom, who daily frequented markets. 
They began an immediate inquiry for such a man and 
soon engaged the services of such an onein the person 
of Mr. Thomas B. Moseley, of Durham, N. C, who with 
his six years experience in the tobacco business of that 
thriving market, became the manager of Stronach's 
Warehouse. 

Mr. Moseley took charge of Stronach's Warehouse, 
January 1, 1887, and it was not long before so visible 
an increase took place in the custom which came to 
our market that the Association was satisfied the}^ had 
found the right man to draw a new field of support to 
our entire market from a section of tobacco growers 
who had become so wedded to other markets that they 
were slow to believe that Raleigh could offer them 
any inducements whatever. 

The fact that under Mr. Moseley's management, with 
the worst of seasons for marketing tobacco, during the 
months of March, April, May and to this writing, June 
15th, he sold at the house under his charge more than 
a quarter of a million pounds of tobacco at an average 
of a little over 14c, plainly indicates that his influence 
not only brings to this market a larger share of the 



90 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



Go to Geo. N. WALTERS', The Tailor, for Fine 
Suits, Raleigh, N. C. 

finer quality of leaf, but that the farmers are realizing 
in this market the very best of prices for their crops. 

Our New Custom. 

The most encouraging feature of vour new trade, 
which the opening of Stronach's Warehouse by its 
present management has induced to this market, is 
its solidity, being a class of the old school tobacco 
farmers, with reputations for always making good 
crops, and who, though slow to change their places for 
marketing their crops, always look out for their own 
interests, and they, when once convinced of anything, 
fully believe it. That they are satisfied with Raleigh 
as a tobacco market is maiiifested by their frequent 
returns, and they tell us candidly that they are sur- 
prised at the advantages we have for such a market 
and the further advantages offered them in trade of 
every kind. 

The Market a Success. 

That our market is a success none can for a moment 
doubt. But there are further steps to be taken which 
must not be lost sight of nor delayed in. Our city is 
a pleasant, healthy and attractive one, with superior 
advantages in schools, business industries, capital, 
shipping facilities and in fact anything to start on an 
onward progress which should not stop short of her 
being the greatest tobacco centre on earth. Right in 
the heart of the new Eldorado of golden yellow leaf, 
Raleigh has by far the brightest prospects before her 
of any city in this great growing South. 

What is Needed. 

What is most sorely needed now is space for expan. 
sion. Our leaf dealers need and want prizehouses 
Think of it, gentlemen of means, Raleigh and her 



THE CITY 0F% RALEIGH. 



91 



Cleaning and Repairing of all kinds of Laces at 
P. J. DUFFIN'S, 107 Fayetteville Street. 




92 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

WALTERS, The Tailor, never disappoints his 
customers— he is always on time. 

dealers handling 3,000,000 pounds of leaf, has only one 
prize house, built by our enterprising business firm of 
Latta & Myatt and now occupied by Messrs Reed & 
McGee, leaf dealers. We Uiust have more such houses. 
One leaf dealing firm on our market, Messrs. Lipscomb 
& Faison, buy so largely that their purchases are now 
filling the fourth floor of the Adams Building, all of 
Leach Bros. Building, a partof the floor space of nearly 
all the warehouses and the entire basement of Stron- 
ach's Warehouse, in addition to the hundreds of hogs- 
heads they have shipped away. 

A Bonded Warehouse. 

Another feature of our city's greatness is held in 
check by want of a })ro{ er knowledge of our tobacco 
interests. Few of our people know that while North 
Carolina produces over four-fifths of the bright yellow 
tobacco of the world she has no general market for its 
sale in bulk Our fariuprs produce it, and from Rich- 
mond and other Virginia cities it goes abroad to the 
world as " Virginia Brights." Thus we not only lose to 
our home business ail the commissions, charges and 
fees for handling the greatest of our crops, but we really 
give away our ref)Utation for raising it. 

Raleigh, centrally located in the yellow leaf i)rodu- 
cing area, the ca|)ital of the State, with all her advan- 
tages for the business, should be the leaf tobacco mar- 
ket of the South, both loose leaf and in bulk; she should 
have her tobacco inspector, her bonded warehouse, large 
commission houses, and when the foreign buyer wants 
North Carolina tobacco let him come to or put his 
buyer in a North Carolina market. Self interest should 
spur our capitalists to this need and Raleigh should 
soon make some rapid strides in her brighter future 
and onward progress. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 93 



Gentlemen's Goods Dyed, Cleansed, Pressed and 

Eenovated, to look as Good as New, by P. J. 

DUFFIN, 107 Fayetteville Street. 

MUNICIPAL. 



Our Mayor. 

Mayor Alf. A. Thompson is a native of Chatham county, and has re- 
sided in Raleigh since 1870. His first business was as a clerk for Mr. 
A. C. Sanders, where he remained for about three years, when he formed 
a copartnership with Mr. J. D. Whitaker for the carrying on of a whole- 
sale and retail grocery business. This firm was dissolved after two 
years' operations, and since that time Mr. Thompson has been a mer- 
chandise broker, in which vocation he has met with such success as has 
been accorded to few. He has for ten years been the efficient secretary 
of the Raleigh Cotton and Grocers' Exchange. 

Raleigh is proud to own Mayor Thompson as one of her most honored 
and enterprising adopted sons. In business life our citizens have noted 
his splendid achievements, have marked his success, have rejoiced as 
they saw him climb higher in the financial world, and latterly to the ex- 
alted position he now occupies. And well has he deserved this extraor- 
dinary distinction. Asa business man the "City of Oaks" has no su- 
perior. He has a combination of essential traits to make a great and 
successful financier and one of the most efficient mayors the city has ever 
had. His plans are always well matured— he goes at nothing in a hap- 
hazard way, but when he makes up his mind it is made up, and difificul- 
culiies, obstacles and hinderances are brushed aside. Mayor Thompson 
is indeed a typical son of the New South — worthy of the high distinction 
he now enjoys and destined to occupy still higher positions Remark- 
ably successful in his private life, he carried into his official station all 
the activity, progressiveness, force, intelligence and forethought which 
have characterized him in his private enterprises. He is devoted to 
Raleigh and her interests ; loves her noble people, beholds with pride 
her present commercial and industrial importance, and looks with fond 
anticipations to her grand future, growth, influence and prosperity. 

It is impossible within the confines of our narrow limits to present to 
the reader as detailed a sketch of Mayor Thompson as we would be 
pleased to do — suffice it to say that the good people of Raleigh in honor- 
ing him have honored themselves, and that in their choice of him as their 
chief officer they have exhibited such wisdom and prudence as will com- 
mend them to the consideration of all who have the welfare of our beau- 
tiful city at heart and who rejoice at her steady growth and her future 
prosperity. 



94 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

My Clothes Fit, and the Goods are Fine, because 

they were made by WALTERS, The Tailor, 

Raleigh, N C. 



OUR BUSINESS MEN, 



The following are sketches of some of the represen- 
tative and most prominent, live, wide awake, enter- 
prising business establishments of Raleigh, to whose 
energy nnd influence the city is largely indebted for 
its present industrial and commercial importance and 
prosperity : 

R. B. Andrews & Co., Clothiers and Hatters, 127 

Fayetteville Street, Raleigli, N. C— This business was 
established in 1847, and as to location and class of 
trade this store has always held a representative posi- 
tion, being the centre of a first-class trade, and has 
few successful rivals and no superiors i»i Raleigh. The 
premises occupied are spacious and commodious, and 
furnished with every appliance for the accommoda- 
tion of the large stock and comfort of customers. 
There is a full and complete line of ready-made cloth- 
ing for men, youths and boys, which has been care- 
fully selected, while it is attractively arranged, and 
will bear the most critical examination. The range 
of sizes is designed to fit all proportions of the human 
form, while the grades of style and quality are suffi- 
cient to meet the most exacting wants of the public. 
This house makes a specialty of youths' and boys' 
clothing, and in this particular the firm is unsur- 
passed for the quality, elegance, finish and excellence 
of its suits. Here is also to be found gents' under- 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 95 



Send for Price-List for Cleansing and Dyeing to 
P. J. DUFFIN, 107 Fayetteville St., Raleigh. 

wear of every quality, embracing fine dress shirts, 
drawers, socks, etc., while the stock of neckwear is suf- 
ficient in every respect to please every variet}^ of taste. 
A corps of efficient and f)o!ite clerks aie employed, and 
purchasers are always treated with the utmost consid- 
eration and attention. [See last page of cover]. 

Linehan & Co., Quarry men, and Dealers in Gran- 
ite, Brownstone, etc., 409 Fayetteville St., Raleigh, N. 
C. — This enterprise, wli-ich enjoys so high a reputation 
in its special field of activity, has been in operation 
since 1884, and its pro[)rietors must be said to be the 
best known and of the most reliable exponents of the 
business in North Carolina. Their quarries are in 
Vance and Anson counties, where they constantly keep 
employed a great number of hands engaged in getting 
out immense quantities of stone to suj)ply the de- 
mand, which is shipped to all sections of North Caro- 
lina, as well also as to otlier States. This firm some 
time since furnished great quantities of Belgian blocks 
for pavements for the city of Baltimore, and more re- 
cently was awarded the contract for the same stone in 
paving the streets of Raleigh. The stone used re- 
cently by the Raleigli Water Works Construction Com- 
pany was also the product of their quarries. They 
also were awarded some time since the contract for 
furnishing the stone for paving the streets of Ports- 
mouth over a great number of competitors. Their 
work is to be seen in all the bridges on the Wilson 
and Florence Railroad, the Carolina Extension, and 
in the bridge over the Pee Dee River, at Cheraw, S. 
C. They employ from 300 to 600 hands. As an evi- 
dence of the su{)erior quality of the stones procured 
from their quarries, the United States Geologist pro- 
nounced the sandstone of their Anson works superior 



96 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



Fair and honorable dealing have secured for 
WALTERS, The Tailor, his popularity. 

to any he had ever seen, and upon this stateuoent a 
compan}^ was formed in Washington City with a capi- 
tal of one million dollars, to open a similar business 
in Anson. Mr. Patrick Linehan, the senior propri- 
etor, is a ge.itieman of many years' experience in this 
line, and his name in this business is co-extensive with 
the State and South. Mr. John H. Winder, the ju- 
nior member of the firm, v/ho also gives his per- 
sonal attention to the business, is a son of General 
Manager Winder, of the Raleigh and Gaston Rail 
road Co., and until recently was paymaster of that 
company. He is a young gentleman of energy, en- 
terprise and ability, of universal popularity, having a 
large and influential acquaintance throughout the 
State. Those having business relations with this firm 
may rest assured that their interests will be carefully 
conserved and guarded. See page 34. 

JohnS. Fescud, Wholesale and Retail Druggist, 118 
Fayetteville St., Raleigh, N. C— This house was es- 
tablished in 1840 by P. F. Pescud, the father of the 
present proprietor, who conducted it with much suc- 
cess for many years. In 1866 he took his son, Mr. 
John S. Pescud, into copartnership with him, the firm 
name becoming P. F. Pescud & Son. In 1885 Mr. 
Pescud became the sole proprietor, and has ever 
since enjoyed a j>rosperous trade, not only in this 
city but in the surrounding country, and in dis- 
tant })arts of the State. His store is well stocked 
with everything pertaining to the trade, embracing 
a full line of pure drugs and chemicals, }>roprie- 
tary medicines of tested worth, toilet articles, soaps, 
fine perfumery, surgeons' instruments, etc. By close 
attention to business, fair and honorable dealing, 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 97 



The '* Heated Naptha" Process is used for Clean- 
ing or Repairing by P. J. DUFFIN, 107 Fay- 
etteville Street, Raleigh, N. C. 

polite and considerate attention to his patrons, Mr. 
Pescud lias built up a trade of which any might well 
feel proud. He lias a well developed prescription 
business, and in this department his house has gained 
a very enviable reputation, and ranks among tlie fore- 
most for the purity of the drugs and the accuracy and 
care with which they are compounded. From an ele- 
gantsoda-waterfountain are heredispensed all the latest 
drinks, always ice-cold, with the purest and choicest 
syrups, and the reputation of the establishment in this 
respect has secured for it a patronage second to none 
in the city. See announcement. 

Wm. WcoUcott & Son, Wholesale and Retail Deal- 
ers in Dry Goods, Notions, Boots, Shoes, Millinery 
Goods, Manufacturers of Clothing, etc, 14 Martin St., 
Raleigh, N. C. — This bouse is entitled to rank among 
the foremost in its line of trade not only in this city, 
but in the State. The premises occupied are remarka- 
bly spacious, and are always packed full of goods, every 
department being com[>letely stocked. The establish- 
ment is neatly fitted up throughout, and has every 
facility for the accommodation of customers and the 
display of a mammoth array of goods. The firm make 
it a rule to buy in large amounts for cash and give 
their patrons the benefit of low prices. The stock em- 
braces everything connected with the dry g(^ods trade, 
together with a large and varied stock of clothing, 
while ihe notions and fancy goods are here in endless 
array, of every description. Business in every depart- 
ment is always brisk and lively, while a large number 
of polite assistants are kept constantly engaged to wait 
upon the numerous customers. The prices defy com- 
5 



98 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

WALTERS, The Tailor, is a true Artist, and his 
Clothes fit like those in a Fashion-plate. 

petition. In the manufacture of clothing this house 
has won an enviable reputation, not only in ihe State 
but throughout the South, a nunaber of salesmen being 
constantly on the road to supply the increasing de- 
mand. The affairs of the house are in a most flourish- 
ing condition and the soundness and popularity of the 
policy pursued are calculated to maintain its prosper- 
ity. Mr. WooHcott has been a resident of- Raleigh 
since 1872, where he has since been one of our most 
valuable and enterprising citizens. His son he took 
into copartnership with him in 1885. He is a young 
gentleman of fine business qualities, energetic and 
highly spoken of by the entire community. See page 84. 

E. F. Wyatt & Son, 109 East Martin St., Raleigh- 
Henderson and Durham — Manufacturers of Harness 
and Saddlery. — In a large city, where great numbers 
of horses are employed in ever> ca[)acity, the harness 
and saddlery business must always command a liberal 
support. One of the oldest, most reliable and cele- 
brated establishments in this line in Raleigh, is that 
of E. F. Wyatt & Son, at the above location. Here 
these gentlemen occupy an elegantly fitted up estab 
lishment, employing ten carefully selecied and skilled 
hands, who, under their personal supervision i^ni\ in- 
struction, produce the finest work in the city. Every- 
thing usually kept in first-class establishments of 
this kind will be found here. The house is un.ques- 
tionably one of the leaders of the trade in Raleigh, 
and fully deserves its tremendous popularity, which is 
not confined to this city alone, but extends for miles 
throughout the surrounding country. No orders are 
delivered but what will bear the closest examination. 
The members of the firm are both practically ac- 
quainted with every detail of their calling, and have 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 99 

The *' Scientific American" endorses Lewando^s 

Naptha Process. P. J. DUFFIN is his Agent 

here, at 107 Fayetteville Street. 

the most extensive business connections of any in this 
brunch of trade in this eection, while their facilities 
for nieeiing the demands of customers are unsurpassed. 
All work undeitaken is executed promptly, neatly, 
and at reasonable prices. Orders by mail or other- 
wise will receive prompt attention, and be filled 
at satibfa(?tory })rices. Branch houses of this firm are 
to be found in Durham, in charge of Mr. W. H. Bow- 
lin, and also in Henderson, under the excellent man- 
agement of Mr. L. T. Howard, where customers will 
meet with fair dealing in every respect, and their 
wants supplied promptly and at reasonable prices. 
See page 1 4. 

The North Carolina Home Insurance Company, 

No. 218 Fayetteville St , Kaleigb, N. C— There is no 
single interest that affects the business community 
with a greater degree of importance than that of a 
sure protection against fire. This, all agree, is secured 
only through the medium of a well-regulated, hon- 
estly conducted and sound fire insurance company — 
one that not only issues a policy, but adjusts aiid pays 
all losses as soon as properly declared. Notable among 
such comj)anies is that of The North Carolina Home, 
which has been established for eighteen years. Con- 
servative and just in its management, the course of 
this company has been a most commendable one, 
which has placed it on a high plane of confidence and 
success. The following gentlemen, all old residents 
of Raleigh, well known for their superior financial 
ability, prudence and integrity, are its officers: Pres- 
i(]ent, W. S. Primrose; Vice-President, W. G. Up- 
church; Secretary and Treasurer, Charles Root; Ad- 
juster, P. Cowper. This responsible company is in 

LOFC 



100 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



Buy your Clothes from GEO. N. WALTERS, 234 

Fayetteville street ; '^ the apparel oft pro- 
claims the man.'* 



every way worthy the attention of all persons desir- 
ous of placing their property in the hands of a corpo- 
ration which is abundantly able, and makes a spe- 
cialty of promptly adjusting^ and paying alllosses as 
soon as properly determined. See page 10. 

State National Bank, No. 121 Fayetteville Street, 
Raleigh, N. C, Charles Edward Cross, President; 
Samuel C. White, Cashier. Any attempt to review the 
manufacturing and commercial resources of any busi- 
ness centre must give a position of the first importance 
to the banks and moneyed institutions. The success 
and ability displayed in their management form an 
important link by which to estimate and value the 
commercial standing of the community where their 
influence is felt, and a close inspection of their re- 
sources givesavaluableindex to the condition of all busi- 
ness interests. Among the best managed tiduciary in- 
stitutions of this city is the State National Bank. This 
bank was established in 1868 under the National Bank- 
ing Act, and was the successor of the private banking 
house of Jno. G. Williams & Co., the senior partner of 
which was the first president and whose family still 
holds the greater portion of the stock. The bank has 
a capital of $100,000. The surplus is $50,000, and the 
deposits average $300,000. It commands a large patro- 
nage and every facilit}^ under the modern system of 
banking is afforded to its customers. The President, 
Mr. Cross, is a native of Gates county, and has been a 
resident of this city since 1881, when he was appointed 
chief clerk in the State Auditor's office, which position 
he filled with much credit to himself and the State 
until last October, wlien he was unanimously elected 
to the honorable position he now occupies. He has 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 101 

Book of "Useful Information" on Dyeing and 

Cleansing^ sent to any address by P. J. DUF- 

FIN, 107 Fayetteville Street. 

always been an active and influential spirit in every 
naovement calculated to advance and imf)rovethe city, 
and in May last was chosen aldeinaii from {he third 
ward, and in this position is one of the most energetic, 
zealous and able representatives in the city councils. 
He is an able financier, quick in decision, and reliable 
in judgment, and held in the highest confidence and 
esteem by the entire community. Mr. White, the 
cashier, is a gentleman of long experience in banking 
matters, enjoys the highest reputation and is highly 
esteemed for his many admirable qualities by all classes 
and conditions of our people. See page 38. 

James McKimmon & Co., Druggists, 133 Fayetteville 
St., Raleigh, N. C — One of the most prominentand re- 
liable drug houses in the city of Raleigh is that above 
mentioned, and than whom none engaged in this line 
maintains a higher reputation for reliability, fair deal- 
ing and polite attention. The store is handsomely 
fitted up, and every facility is provided for the prompt 
and accurate transaction of business. The stock em- 
braces pure drugs, chemicals and standard proprietary 
remedies of every description, the assortment contain- 
ing nothing but the freshest and purest goods. The 
display of toilet and fancy articles is rich and attrac- 
tive, which comports admirably with the reputation of 
the house for handling only the choiest productions. 
A specialty is made of the compounding of physi- 
cians' prescriptions, and the preparation for safe and 
responsible service in this regard is unsurpassed. An 
elegantly designed soda-water fountain is one of the 
leading features, and fine cigars of {)opular brands and 
superior quality are kept constantly in stock. Mr. 
McKimmon, the active proprietor of the firm, was for 



102 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



The Best Talent only is employed by GEO N. 
WALTERS, The Tailor, Raleigh, N. C. ' 

many yearg connected with one of the leading whole- 
sale drug houses of Baltimore, which fact has enabled 
him to be thoroughly faoDiliar with the trade in all 
its features. This firm is highly regarded by an ap- 
preciative public, and it fully merits the large- and 
increasing patronage and success it has achieved. See 
third page of cover. 

W. R. Crawford, Butcher, Stall No. 1, Metropolitan 
Market, Raleigh, N. C. — One of the best known, most 
popular and enterprising gentlemen engaged in this 
line of industries in Raleigh, is Mr. Crawford, whose 
business is situated at the above men.tioned location. 
He has been engaged in the business for many years, 
and by industry, energy, honest and fair dealing, early 
laid the foundations for a prosperous and remunera- 
tive traoe. He deals in fresh meats of all descriptions, 
including the very best beef, veal, lamb, mutton, pork, 
etc., and all goods sold are guaranteed by Mr. Craw- 
ford's remarkably fine reputation to be the very primest 
the market can show and kept in the best condition. 
Mr. Crawford is the proprietor of a large refrigerator, 
in which are kept his meats, thus securing to purcha- 
sers at all times the freshest and most desirable goods. 
This is a commendable feature of his business which 
should be remembered. By close attention to. the 
wants of the public in his line, Mr. Crawford has built 
up an enviable reputation, and has been rewarded 
with much success by an appreciative public. See 
page 12. 

George N. Walters, Merchant Tailor, 234 Fayette- 
ville St., Raleigh, N. C. — An establishment in the tail- 
oring line that has won a most prominent and 
highly deserving position in Raleigh is that of Mr. 
George N. Walters. This business was founded in 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 103 

Hat and Bonnet Bleaching and Dyeing done by 
P. J. DUFFIN, Raleigh, N. C. 

1885. Its f)rof)rielor brought to it an experience cov- 
ering a period of ten year.<, and is thoroughly conver- 
sant with the minutest details of his [)rofession. He 
occupies a neat and attractive store, vv'hich is admir- 
ably arranged, having sufficietit light to enable his 
patrons to fully examine his elegant goods. His stock 
embraces a fine assortment of domestic and imported 
fabrics, the latter being from the best looms of Europe, 
in suitings, cassi mere-, diagonals, broadcloths, cheviots, 
beavers, tricots, vesfings, etc., in their numerous and 
different varieties. Measures are taken, and the very 
best fitting garments, trimmed and made in the most 
desirable manner, and accurate in cut arid fit, are fur- 
nished at short notice. A large number of experi- 
enced and skilled tailors are employed, and all work 
comes under the personal supervision of Mr. Walters, 
whose elegant taste and judgment combine to make 
him a connoisseur in this [)articular line. He is well 
known as a business man of energy and enterprise, 
and is prompt, reliable and straightforward in all his 
transactions. See announcement elsewhere. 

Raleigh Christian Advocate.— Organ of the M. E. 

Church South, of North C'arolina, — Rev. Frank L. Reid, 
Editor and Pioprietor. — In these days of cheap print- 
ing when the newspa[)er has become an essential attri- 
bute of not only every community but of each organi- 
zation or society — political, social, religious or com- 
mercial, which would wish to consider itself worthy of 
being called by a name, it is a matter of consequence 
that we find in North Carolina, papers which are the 
acknowledged organs of the principal associations. 
Prominent among these is the paper under notice. It 
was foundeci in 1855, as the " Nortli Carolina Christian 
Advocate ;" in 1867 the name was changed to '' Episco- 



104 THE CITY OP RALEIGH. 

You'll find it economy to patronize GEO. N. 

WALTERS, The Tailor, 234 Fayetteyille 

street, Raleigh, N. C. 

pal Methodist," and three years later the present name 
was adopted. The sheet is 30x44, 8 pages, 6 columns. 
The paper appears weekly, has a circulation of 4,800, 
perhaps the largest in North Carolina. Mr. Reid was 
born in Rockingham county, was educated at Trinity 
College, graduating from the same in June, 1870. For 
six months he taught the Kernersville High School, 
and in December, 1870, joined the North Caro- 
lina M. E. Conference. By special petition he in Jan- 
uary, 71, took charge of the Madison circuit, his old 
honae, remaining there three years. On the 3d June, 
1873, he married Miss Minnie Card well, of Rocking- 
ham county, and soon thereafter moved to Louisburg, 
where he had charge of the Methodist Church for the 
whole legal term, four year^. While there he was 
chosen president of the Louisburg Female College, the 
duties of which position he ably discharged for a year, 
when his health giving way he rested for some time. 
Mr. Reid then happily determined to turn his atten- 
tion to newspaper work. In 1878 he took charge of ihe 
"Advocate," and along with Dr. Black as his associate, 
conducted it for six years, in which time the circula 
(ion rose from 2,600 to 4,800, and on the 19th Decem- 
ber, 1884, bought the entire interest. Mr. Reid is a 
gentleman well suited to the position he holds. He 
comes of a race of men noted for their intellectual at- 
tainments. His father and grandfather^ were both 
preachers; the latter during his life was the acknowl- 
edged leader of the Conference of this State, and the 
former as a brilliant orator, had not liis equal, of his 
age. Their descendant, the subject of our present 
sketch, has inherited their ability. He is one of the 
most popular of men, and one of the ablest pulpit orators 



THE CITY OP RALEIGH. 105 

Fancy Dyeing of Every Color, and of the Finest 

Quality, executed by P J. DUFFIN, 107 

Fayetteville St., Raleigh, N. C. 

in the Methodist body. He is a Mason ; in 1874-75 
was Grand Cfiaplain of the Grand Lodge; he was lately 
appointed Director of the Graded Schools of Raleigh, 
N. C , and of the State Penitentiary. See page 54. 

W. H. Hughes, Dealer in China, Crockery, Glass- 
ware, etc., 309 Fayetteville street, Raleigh, N. C. — 
This is one of the largest and by far the most 
enterprising in this line of trade in the city of 
Raleigh. At this house customers receive every at- 
tention, and may rest assured of getting the best value 
for their expenditure in every case. This business 
has been established several years, and being con- 
ducted on sound business principles, and its manage- 
ment characterized by foresight and judicious en- 
terprise, its career from the start has been a record of 
uninterrupted success. An exceedingly fine stock is con- 
stantly carried — china, magnificent glassware in unique 
and artistic designs, and an endless variety of crock- 
ery and earthenware, all offered at the most reasonable 
prices. The best possible advantages are secured both 
in quality and price by patronizing this house. See 
page 12. 

Ernest D. Haynes, Jr., Crayon Artist, 567 New- 
bej-n Avenue, Raleigh, N. C.— Every city has its recog- 
nized leader in this art — some prominent representa- 
tive to whom discriminating people go when they de- 
sire to have superior work of this character performed. 
In Raleigh, by common consent, this position is ac- 
corded to Mr. Haynes. The portraits here turned out 
are notable examples of perfect workmanship, high 
finish and faithful resemblance, every point standing 
forward in artistic devotion to nature, and not ap- 
proached by any competitor iu North Carolina. Mr. 



106 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



WALTERS, The Tailor, never disappoints his 
customers— he is alwavs on time. 



Haynes is a native of this city, and has met with 
much success in his chosen profession. In the execu- 
tion of his work he yields the palm to none, and is 
well known to possess the requisite skill, energy and 
determination to win the best possible success. Speci- 
mens of his work may be seen in the parlors of many 
of our most prominent citizens, and also at Watson's 
art store, in this city. See page 44. 

W. H. Wetmore & Co., Wholesale and Retail Man- 
ufacturer of Shoes, 14 West Hargett St., Raleigh, N. 
C. — Among the large and important business houses 
that do credit to the commercial honor of the city of 
Raleigh — indeed to the State — in its line of trade, 
none stand higher than that of W. H. Wetmore & Co. 
The quality of the work which tiiey turn out cannot 
be surpassed anywhere. All kinds of shoes, from 
a brogan to tlie finest ladies' and gents' dress shoe, are 
made here, which are highly esteemec^ by the trade 
and public for their excellence, and have no superiors 
in this or any other market, while they are offered at 
prices that always attract the attention of the closest 
and most careful buyers. All orders are carefully and 
promptly filled. Mr. Wetmore is a gentleman of ex- 
cellent business and social standing in Raleigh, an 
honorable and enterprising citizen, and is greatly 
respected by the community for his business ability 
and inflexible integrity. See page 4. 

J. C. S. Lumsden, Hardware, Stoves, Ranges and 
House-furnishing Goods, etc., No. 226 Fayetteville St., 
Raleigh, N. C. — One among the oldest houses in its 
line in Raleigh is that of Mr. Lumsden, which has 
been established since 1859. He occu[)ies neat and 
attractive premises, and the well arranged stock com- 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 107 

The Finest Fabrics Dyed or Cleansed without in- 
jury at P. J. DUFFIN'S, Raleigh, N. C. 

prises general hardware, stoves, kitchen utensils, table 
fittings, and a full line of house-furnishing goods. 
All kinds of sheet-iron, tin and metal work are done to 
order. Stoves put up, roofs repaired, etc. Special at- 
tention is given to the manufacturing and repairing 
of copper stills Tobacco flues are here manufactured 
in great quantities, and the house consumed last season 
alone 70,000 pounds of iron in filling orders Irom 
Wake and adjoining counties for this class of work. 
By constant attention and strict personal supervision, 
Mr Lumsden has earned the approbation of resident 
builders, contractors, and many of the best families 
in Rcsleigh, and throughout the surrounding country. 
Ttie worksliop adjoins the rear of the establishment, in 
which are constantly engaged several employees, 
where none but the best work is turned out. Mr. 
Lumsden is one of Raleigli's most prominent and re- 
spected citizens, is wide and favorably known for his 
many sterling qualities, and is an efficient member of 
the Board of County Commissioners, which honorable 
position he fills with much credit to himself and the 
county. See page 2. 

B. H. Woodell, Dealer in Shoes, 230 Fayetteville 
St., Raleigh, N. C. — One among the most reliable, 
well known and popular establishments engaged in 
this line of trade in Raleigh is that of tliis gentleman. 
The business was founded in October, 1880, and from 
the outset of its career has been accorded a patronage 
both liberal and substantial. Those who deal with 
him will find tliat he can accommodate them at the 
very lowest prices, and furnish a neat-fitting shoe that 
will give the best satisfaction at the most reasonable 
prices. Mr. Woodell is one of our most prominent 
and enterprising citizens and business men, and Ral. 



108 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

Fair and honorable dealing have secured for 
WALTERS, The Tailor, his popularity. 

eigh does not number among her people any more 
universall}' esteemed than this gentleman, and the 
public may confidently rely upon the most honorable 
treatment in dealing with him. See page 22. 

H. H. Crocker, Dealer in Clothing, Underwear, 
Dry Goods, Notions, Boots and Shoes, Hats, etc., 9 E. 
Hargett St., Raleigh, N. C. — At this establishment the 
intending purchaser will surely be enabled to make 
a suitable selection of anything he may wish in the 
above line. Shirts, undershirts, drawers, socks, col- 
lars, cufif:^, ties, scarfs, etc., are here found in profusion, 
of all makes, colors and grades to suit any taste or 
purse. His stock of clothing is composed of the best 
foreign and domestic goods, while in fits he has made 
a reputation which has been amply rewarded by a 
large and increasing trade. lu the dry goods line the 
ladies can always be sure of finding anything they 
may desire, of all tlie latest styles and figures, and at 
prices which cannot always be duplicated. Mr. Crocker 
is a native of Raleigh, is a young gentleman of fine 
business attainments, and held in the highest esteem 
by all for his fair, honorable dealing, high personal 
cliaracter and integrity. See page 76. 

D. S. Waitt, Clothier and Hatter, and dealer in 
Shoes, Gents' Furnishing Goods, etc , 213 Fayetteville 
St., Raleigh, N. C. — One of the largest, most reliable 
and best stocked establishments in the above line of 
trade in the city of Raleigh is that of D. S. Waitt. 
The business done here is very large, and constantly 
increasing, and the popularity of the house and its 
enterprising proprietor is continually growing. The 
premises occu[)ied are 22x58 feet in dimension, em- 
bracing two floors, always filled with goods, and con- 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 109 



Dresses Dyed Without Ripping, at P. J. DUFFIN'S, 

Raleigh, N. C. 

tains one of the most complete and attractive stocks 
of men's, youths' and boys' clothing to be fonnd in 
Raleigh. This house carries no trashy goods, prefer- 
ring to serve their customers with such as are reliable 
and as will bear the niost searching examination, while 
the prices are fully as low as those asked for inferior 
clothing elsewhere. In hats the ver}^ latest and nob- 
biest styles are here to be found, while in shoes, gents' 
furnishing goods and neckwear the most fastidious 
and exacting need fear no disappointment, either in 
quality or price. Mr. Waitt is one of Raleigh's most 
prominent citizens, and is accounted one of the lead- 
ing buifiness men, and held in the highest esteem by 
all who know him. See page 50. 

A. Williams & Co., Booksellers and Stationers, 119 
Fayetteville St., Raleigh, N. C. — Here will be found at 
reasonable prices a choice and well selected stock of 
books, embracing all the standard works, magazines, 
daily and weekly papers, the latest novels, etc. In 
season there are also kept Christmas presents and holi- 
day goods, in such styles and variety as cannot fail to 
please the most fastidious. The area of this establish- 
ment is 22x110 feet, and in the display and arrange- 
ment of its immense stock is a model. This house 
was established by Mr. Alfred Williams in 1880. Mr. 
Eugene Ilarrell, who had for a long time been his 
chief clerk, was made a partner, the firm assuming its 
[»resent style name. These gentlemen continued in 
the successful pursuit of their business until 1885, 
when Mr. Williams retired in favor of Messrs. Harrell 
and J, B. Neathery, the present proprietors. Mr. Har- 
rell is one of tiie foremost men in education in the 
State — is Secretary of the North Carolina Teachers' 
Assembly, and it is universally conceded has done, 



110 THE CITY OP RALEIGH. 

My Clothes Tit, and the Goods are Fine, because 

they were made by WALTERS, The Tailor, 

Raleigh, N. C. 

and is still doing, more than any other one man in 
North Carolina for improvement in the methods of 
teaching. He is a wide a wake, progressive citizen, 
of unsullied reputation, and noted far and wide for 
exemplary christian ciiaracter and high integrity. 
Mr. Neathery is an old citizen of Wake. He is a 
prominent Mason. For a long time was Treasurer of 
the county, and is favorably known for his man3^ ster- 
ling qualities. See page 1. • 

Berwanger Bros., Clothiers, 305 Fayetteville St., 
Raleigh, N. C. — Until a few 3^ears ago the sale of ready- 
made clothing was confined to a small volume, the 
goods handled being made of poor material, badl}^ 
cut, while in style and finish they bore no comparison 
to garments of the well-conducted and extensive es- 
tablishments of the present-day. They were intended 
to su ply i\\e wants of an uncritical class of trade, and 
were made to sell rather than to wear. To day, in 
Raleigh, all this is changed, and the finest productions 
of the merchant tailor are duplicated by the ready- 
made dealer, especially if the purchaser obtains his 
clothing from a house like that of Berwanger Bros. 
An inspection of the stock discloses the fact that the 
specialties in fine clotliing shown here are made from 
tlie finest productions of foreign and American mills, 
by skilled designers and workmen, while the garments 
are made up in every particular with the same skill, 
care and attention which are bestowed upon the 
same class of goods by merchant tailors to order. The 
members of this firm are greatly respected by the 
community for their business ability and inflexible 
integrity, and this establishment is a lasting source of 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. Ill 

Special attention paid to Finishing of Silks by 
P. J. DUFFIN, 107 Fayetteville Street. 

credit to Raleigh, and a monument to their enterprise 
and industry. See inside cover. 

Norris & Carter, Dealers in Foreign and Domestic 
Dry Goi ds, Notions, Hosiery, Underwear, Boots and 
Shoes, etc., Nos. 206 and 208 Fayetteville St., Raleigh, 
N. C. — One of the leading emporiums of fashion in 
Raleigh is that of Messrs. Norris & Carter. Tliese 
gentlemen opened business in this city in September, 
1883, at 203 Fayetteville street, commencing with a 
full and ripe knowledge of their business, each hav- 
ing had an extensive experience-, and immediately 
entered upon a career of marked prosperity. After 
some time, so large had their trade grown, not only 
in this city, but in several contiguous counties, that, 
in order to accommodate themselves to the demands 
made upon them, they removed, in February, 1887, to 
the largeand commodious buiLling which they now 
occupy. It is one of the largest and most attractive 
establisliment in the city, having an area of 35x100 
feet, while the premises embrace three floors, and 
c ver 1,000 feet of flooring. The store is splendidly 
fitted up, having electric lights and" all modern im- 
provements, the elegant show-windows displaying the 
largest and richest variety of samples to be seen any- 
where. The stock of goods is complete, and carefully 
and judiciously selected in every line, displaying every 
kind, quality, and variety of material that, have been 
made popular by personal preference and the decrees 
of fashion. Mr. Norris is a native of Wake and Mr. 
Carter of Harnett, both of whom enjoy the warmest 
regard of the people for their honorable business 
principles and high personal character. See page 50. 

T. H. Briggs & Sons, Hardware and House-fur- 
nishing Goods, Stoves, Ranges, etc., 220 Fayetteville 



112 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

The best fits you may rely upon getting, every 

time, at GEO. N. WALTERS^The Tailor, 

234 Fayetteville street. 

St., Kaleigh, N. C. — Among the active, energetic, re- 
liable, old-established business houses in this line in 
the city, is numbered that named in the caption of 
this article. The business of this house was estab- 
lished in 1865 by T. H. Briggs, Sr., the father of the 
present proprietors, and James Dodd, who conducted 
the same until 1868, T. H. Briggs succeeding that 
firm, and so continuing until 1871, when the firm be- 
came T. H. Briggs & Sons. Since 1886 the business 
has been controlled by Messrs. T. H. Briggs, Jr., and 
Jas. A. Briggs, the senior member of the firm having 
died, ripe with honor and usefulness, mourned by all 
classes and conditions of our people. So thorough 
had been the training of the present proprietors under 
their lamented father, and so honorable and upright 
in their dealings, that the new firm has reaped that 
degree of reward wliich they have so richly deserved, 
and today stands unrivaled by an}^ house in its line 
in the State. Everything pertaining to the hardware 
business is kept in this mammoth establishment, in- 
cluding builders' supplies, guns, pistols and sporting 
goods, paints, oils and varnishes, and wagon and 
buggy materials, etc. As business men these gentle- 
men are active, vigorous and diligent, of unswerv- 
ing honor and integrity ; and as citizens none are 
more favorably known for those qualities which are 
the motor powers of all progress and the advancement 
of a city's welfare. See page 6. 

W. C. McMaekin, Livery, Sale and Exchange Sta- 
bles, West Morgan St., Raleigh, N. C. — One of the best 
equipped and most successful livery establishments in 
Raleigh is conducted by the above-named gentleman. 
This business was established several years ago, with 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH 113 

Repairing and Making over of Feathers by P. J. 
DUFFIN, 107 Fayetteville St., Raleigh, N. C. 

small capital, but by industry, energy, and strict in- 
tegrity on the part of its proprietor's enterprising and 
capable management, has had a career of large pros- 
perity. The long experience and liberal methods of 
the proprietor have received, as they deserve, the full- 
est recognition. The stables are well arranged, pro- 
vided with all modern and necessary conveniences, 
and the preparation for the satisfactory fulfilment 
of orders is complete in every particular. Carriages 
are furnished for balls, entertainments, theatres, and 
all other occasions of business or pleasure, and calls 
made, either personally or by telephone, are given 
prompt attention. So large has Mr. McMackin's patron- 
age grown that he has recently added another building 
to his business, greatly increasing his facilities for ac- 
commodation. A special feature of these stables is 
the grooming of horses, cutting feed and pumping 
water by machinery, which is done by a gas engine. 
The proprietor is well and widely known for his busi- 
ness and personal qualities, is popular with his custo- 
mers, and fully merits the patronage accorded him. 
See page 18. 

H. Steinmetz, Florist, Nash Square, Raleigh, N. C. 
— An interesting feature of the growth and prosperity 
of Raleigh is in the extent of the florist business. 
This is to be seen in the beautiful establishment of the 
above-named gentleman. Mr. Steinmetz has two 
greenhouses, which are always stocked with an infin- 
ite variety of choice flowers of every description, and 
other species of the floral kind. He is a florist of 
vast practical experience, having been engaged in the 
art for the past eighteen years. He makes a specialty 
of filling orders for roses and every variety of pot 
plants, and also does a large business in shipping bou- 



114 THE CITY OE RALEIGH. 

You will find no shoddy goods at G. N WALT- 
ERS'— The Tailor-Raleigh, N. C. 

quels and baskets of flowers to all "j>arts of the State, 
the methods he employs in their preparation insuring 
their freshness and purity long after they reach their 
destination. Mr. Steinmetz gives his personal atten- 
tion to the minutest details of the business, never fail- 
ing to give satisfaction, and all persons having busi- 
ness relations with liim will find him honorable and a 
pleasant and agreeable gentleman with whom to deal. 
See page 28. 

J. P. Gulley, Dealer in Dry Goods^, Notions, Cloth- 
ing, etc., Cor. Fayetteville St., and Exchange Place, 
Raleigh, N. C. — This ably conducted, substantial and 
reliable house has been established for many years. 
Its trade is now large, pros|)erons and |)erma!)ent. 
Everything in wearing apparel, for both ladies and 
gentlemen is kept, but to attempt to enumerate the 
stock would be indeed a task. Handling a fine line 
of goods and at prices extremely moderate, and devot- 
ing untiring attention to the wants of purchasers, has 
built up the splendid trade he now < njoys — not con- 
fined by any means to Raleigh, but extending for 
many miles around into adjoining counties. No 
shoddy goods are to be found at Mr. Gulley 's store. A 
number of polite clerks are employed, and customers 
can always rely upoi5 receiving the most courteous at 
tention. See page 16. 

W. G. Otey, Tonsorial Artist, Yarborough House 
Building, Raleigh, N. C. — As a representative, reliable 
and successful ex[)()nent of this art, the proprietor 
above mentioned has for many years occupied a lead- 
ing position. Not to know '' Willie Otey" is equiva- 
lent to never having experienced a first-clas.s shave or 
hair-cut in Raleigh, His handsome shop covers an 
area of 15x70 feet, is elegantly equipped, and equal in 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 115 

Dyeing:, Cleansing and Curling of Feathers exe- 
cuted by P. J. DUFFIN, 107 Fayetteville St., 
Raleigh, N. C. 

every respect to any in the country, being fitted up 
with all modern improvements — French plato mirrors, 
the latest designs in chairs, hot and cold water baths, 
etc., and a number of polite and- intelligent assistants 
are constantly engaged. The [)rof)rietor of this estab- 
lishment enjoys the largest [fatronage of any similar 
business in the city, and richly merits the success he 
has worn. See page 40. 

Henry Archbell (agent), Parent Bread, Cake, and 

Cracker Fas tory, Ki Exchaitge Place, Raleigh, N C. — 
The well known and admirably conducted establish- 
ment of Mr. Arcbell is one of the leading and best 
equipped bakeries in the city of Raleigh. Although 
this is but a recently established business, yet it is a 
positive and f)ermMn(nt success, the trade growing and 
extending until now it is exceedingly large. The 
premises occupied are commodious, neat and attractive, 
and all kinds of bread, crackers and cakes are here 
found, the best quality being guaranteed in every case, 
at moderate prices. Mr. Archbell has had a long and 
valuable experience in this line, understands it 
thoroughly, and has won a fine reputation for the su- 
perior quality of his productions. See page 26. 

J. W. Watson, Photographic Artist, 131 Fayette- 
ville St., Raleigh, N. C. — The f)hotographic gallery of 
this gentleQ:ian is among the most popular and 
thoroughly equipj^ed not only in this city but in the 
State, and enjoys a large patroiuige coming from the 
best classes in Raleigh and surrounding country, and 
indeed from all sections of the State. Mr. Watson was 
the pioneer of the photographic art in North Carolina, 
having made the first photograph ever made in the 
State. He established himself in this line in Raleigh 



116 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

Go to GEO. N. WALTERS\ The Tailor, for Fine 
Suits, Raleigh, N. C. 

iu 1864, and the support and recognition that he has 
always received have resulted from intelligent enter- 
prise, stiring energy, and the determination to fully 
deserve the public favor and preference. The parlor 
of this establishment is handsomely and appropriately 
furnished, giving the limit of comfort and convenience 
to visitors, while the operating rooms are provided 
with the latest and best devices and appliances, the 
preparation being complete for a high order of pro- 
duction. The photographs are perfectly finished, bril- 
lant, lasting and true to nature in every particular, 
and nothing is delivered that is marred by the slight- 
est blemish or imperfection, while prices are as mod- 
erate as first-class work can be afforded. The success 
which Mr. Watson has achieved has not only been 
highly merited, but is such as is accorded to those only 
who are governed by correct and honorable principles. 
See page 26. 

John W. Hinsdale, Attorney at-Law, Citizen's 
Bank Building, Raleigh, N. C. — Of the many gentle- 
men engaged in the practice of law in the city of 
Raleigh, none are more prominent, or have achieved 
greater success in their profession than Col. John W. 
Hinsdale. This gentleman is a native of FayetteviUe, 
but for many years has been a resident of Raleigh, 
where he has pursued the practice of his profession 
wilh such success as is accorded to but few lawyers. 
His practice is devoted principally to railroad, insu- 
rance, corporation and commercial law. He has a 
large practice in the United States Supreme Court, and 
the Federal Courts, and is attorney for the Raleigh & 
Gaston and Raleigh & Augusta Air-Line railroads, 
while he is also retained as regular counsel for several 
large and influential insurance companies. His law 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 11 7 



Indigo Dyeing" and Cleansing of Kid Boots and 

Slippers, at P. J. BUFFINGS, 107 Fayetteville 

Street, Raleigh, N. C. 

librar}^ is one of the largest in the State, consisting of 
upwards of 3,500 volumes. Col. Hinsdale is highly 
esteemed in professional and social circles, is a lawyer 
of unswerving fidelity to the interests of his clients, 
a gentleman of sterling integrity, and has ever given 
a hearty support to all the measures best calculated to 
advance Raleigh's prosperity, and is one of its most 
active and enterprising citizens. See page 44. 

Shaw University, Raleigh, N. C— Rev. H. M. 
Tupper, President. — This school had its origin in the 
formation of a theological class of freedmen in the old 
Guion Hotel, in Raleigh, N. C, December 1st, 1865, 
and taught by Rev. H. M. Tupper, of Massachusetts, 
who, with his wife, had arrived in Raleigh the 10th 
of the preceding October. Early in the Spring of 1866, 
Northern friends' money w^as contributed, so that, with 
the aid of the colored people in the way of work, a 
large wooden building was commenced at the corner 
of Blount and Cabarrus streets, for the accommodation 
of the school, where it continued as the Raleigh Insti- 
tute until 1870, when the Barringer property, com- 
prising about ten acres with a mansion, was bought 
for $15,000. In 1872, nearly one-half of the Shaw 
building was completed at a cost of $15,000, and in 
1874 the Estey building, a school for girls, was finished 
at a cost of $25,000. From 1870 to 1874, 600 pupils 
attended, and the school was known as the Shaw In- 
stitute. In 1875, the school was incorporated as the 
Shaw University. In 1879, the University Hall was 
completed at a cost of $6,000; all the money, except 
$650, having been saved from tuition and the board- 
ing department. Shaw University has five depart- 
ments — Normal, Scientific, Collegiate, Theological and 



118 THE CITY OF BALEI^H. 



The Best Dressed Gentlemen of Raleigh secure 
their Suits at GEO. N. WALTERS^ The Tailor. 

Medical. The latter is known as Leonard Medical 
Depart.meut. The Faculty consists of the following 
well known physicians of ability of this city: James 
McKee, M. D., Dean ; A. VV. Knox, M. D , W. I. Roys- 
ter, M. D., K. P. Ba.tle, Jr., A. B, M. D. ; R. H. Lewis, 
M D.; H. B. Bactle, Ph. D. ; A. W. Goodwin, M. D. 
Special attention has always been given to the moral 
and religious training of tiie students. Sunday ser- 
vices are regularly maintained in connection with the 
institution, besides religious meetings during the v/eek. 
The daily study of the Bible and frequent lectures 
upon topics of special interest and adapted to the pe- 
culiar wants of colored students have done much to 
develop Christian character, and led to a more intelli- 
gent and quiet form of worship. Not less than three 
hundred of the young men and women have been con- 
verted while pursuing their studies in this school. 

Robert Simpson, Druggist, corner Hillsboro and 

South Salisbury St.s , Raleigh, N. 0. — This business 
was originally established by Mr. Robert N. Partin, of 
Petersburg, Va , in 1885, with whom the present pro- 
prietor was engaged until July, 1886, when Mr. Simp- 
son succeeded him, assuming sole control. This is 
one of the neatest and best equipped drug stores in 
the city ; the stock is large, and contains ali those 
articles that belong to the business of the druggist 
and pharmacist, including, besides pure, fresh drugs 
and chemicals, a general line of pharmaceutical prep- 
arations and proprietary remedies, perfumery and 
other toilet articles, etc. A tine line of cigars of the 
best domestic and foreign brands are kept constantly 
on hand. Mr. Simf)son has had many years' practical ex- 
perience among drugs and medicines, is familiar with 
the intrinsic quality and properties of every drug 



TH*: CITY OF RALEIGH. 119 

Lace Curtains Cleansed and Repaired at P. J, 
BUFFINGS, 107 Fayetteville Street. 

passing through his hands, and exercises the greatest 
care in com{)Ounding difficult formulas and phys- 
icians' prescriptions. See page 4. 

John Price & Son, Butchers, Stall 4, City Market, 
Raleigh, N. C. — Among the oldest and most reliable 
butchers in Raleigh none have succeeded in winning 
the confidence of the public in their line of trade more 
than the firm mentioned above. The senior proprie- 
tor is one of Raleigh's oldest colored citizens, and has 
been engaged in his present business for a life time, 
while his son has a full knowledge of the business in 
all its details. At this stall will be found at all times 
all the choicest cuts of fresh meats, of fine quality and 
at moderate prices, while for polite attention the pub- 
lic may always feel secure. The proprietors have built 
up a well merited trade from an appreciative public. 
See page 22. 

Lee, Johnson & Co., Wholesale and Retail Drug- 
gists and Seed Merchants, corner Fayetteville and 
Martin Sts., Raleigh, N. C. — The wholesale and retail 
drug trade is a most important factor of commercial 
activity, and one of the most successful and reliable 
in the city of Raleigh is Lee, Johnson & Co. The 
premises occupied are very spacious and commodious, 
and are fully equipped with every facility for the ac- 
commodation and preservation of the choice and val- 
uable stock which is always kept on hand. The aim 
of this responsible house has always been to carry 
only pure goods at reasonable prices, and that this 
fact has not been unappreciated is abundantly evi- 
denced by its extensive and growing patronage all 
over the State. The neat and orderly appearance of 
the establishment throughout attracts universal atten- 
tion, and unmistakably attests the business methods 



120 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

Have your Clothing made at G. N. WALTERS', 
The Tailor, Raleigh, N. C. 

and ability of the proprietors. We have great pleas- 
ure in commending this reliable house to our readers 
and the trade as one in every way worthy of their con- 
fidence, and business relations entered into with it are 
certain to prove as pleasant as they must be advanta- 
geous. See page 24. 

Len. H. Adams, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 
Dry Goods, Clothing, Groceries, etc, Corner Martin 
and Wilmington Sts., Raleigh, N. C. — The store of Mr. 
Adams is one of the most commodious in the cit3^, and 
is situated in the Adams Building, at the above loca- 
tion — the largest and most imposing business structure 
in Raleigh. The entire building iias 96 doors and 
windows, a barber shop, shoeshop, skating rink, storage 
tobacco wareroom, and six or eight law offices, con- 
nected, while the premises occupied, on tlie ground 
floor are extensive being 60x80 feet in dimensions. 
Ten polite and efficient clerks are here employed to 
gratify the demands of a large trade, and the store is 
completely stocked at all times with dry goods, cloth- 
ing, hardware, crockery, hats, shoes, and indeed almost 
every kind and manner of thing that man can want 
for convenience and comfort. Mr. Adams also handles 
a large stock of " Old Hickory" Wagons, manufactured 
at Louisville, Ky., which for durability, easy running 
and cheapness have no superior. All kinds of farm- 
ing implements are here to be found, including the 
celebrated Ward Plows, of which this house disposes 
extensively. In the rear of his main business is a large 
warehouse in which is stored guano, wagons, buggies, 
liay, etc. This enterprising gentleman is also a very 
large manufacturer of shingles and laths — of yellow 
heart pine, for four millions of which he annually 
finds a market in this State annually. Mr. Adams 



THE CITY OF KALEIGFI. 121 

Blankets Cleansed with Finish like New, at P. J. 
BUFFINGS, 107 Fayetteville St., Eaieigh, N C. 

also does a fine business in country produce, such as 
poultry, eggs, butter, etc., and deals in nothing but the 
choicest qualities of these goods, while his prices are 
at all times uniformly reasonable. See page 30. 

Henry Mahler, Diamonds, Watches, Silverware, 
etc. (Mahler Building), 228 Fayetteville St., Raleigh, 
N. C. — The most creditable, and one among the oldest 
establishments in this line of business in Raleigh is 
that of Mr. Mahler, at the above location. The prem- 
ises are elegantly fitted up, the handsome show cases 
and other equipments illustrating the judgment and 
taste of the management, while the superb stock em- 
braces the best makes of foreign and American watches, 
a full line of clocks, solid sterling silver and silver- 
plated ware, jewelry, charms, ornaments, diamonds, 
and other precious stones, and a fine collection of all 
those artistic novelties that give character and value 
to an establishment of this kind. Repair work is ex- 
ecuted promptly, in the best style of the art. Mr. 
Mahler has been established in business here for many 
years, and has acquired a very superior line of custom 
and won an enviable name. This house stands high 
in commercial circles, and holds a position in the front 
rank. See page 42. 

W. G. Separk, Dealer in Dry Goods, Notions, Mil- 
linery, Clothing, Hats, Trunks, etc., 16 East Hargett 
and 208 South Wilmington Sts., Raleigh, N. C— 
Among the large and important business houses that 
do credit to the commercial honor of Raleigh, none 
deserves more favorable mention than that of the gen- 
tleman above named. This house was established 
several years ago by Mr. William Woollcott, with 
whom the proprietor was engaged, but in 1885 Mr. 
Separk succeeded to the business and has always 



122 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

The Best Talent only is employed by GEO. N. 
WALTERS, The Tailor, Raleigh, N. C. 

commanded a large and substantial patronage. The 
premises occupied are very extensive, embracing two 
large connecting stores, completely stocked witij dry 
goods, notions, millinery, hats, shoes, and in fact, al- 
most everything that can be desired in wearing ap- 
parel for either sex. . The stock is s[)lendid and sele^^t, 
and goods are offered at prices which defy successful 
competition from even older houses in tliis line of 
trade. Mr. Separk is one of the youngest merchants 
in Raleigh, being only twenty-five years of age, but 
his business ability, energy and skill are such as would 
do credit to many of greater experience. See page 8. 

J. H. Gill, Founder and Machinist, Manufacturer 
of Stoves, Plows, etc., Cor, Davie and McDowell Sts., 
Raleigh, N. C. — Prominent among the principal man- 
ufacturing enterprises which in their prosperous 
growth have constituted important factors in promo- 
ting the general commercial development of Raleigh, 
tlie production of iron and other castings occupies a 
leading place. The above business was established in 
1883, since which time it has won its way into the 
front rank of the trade. This was accomplished by 
producing a superior class of castings and machinery 
and selling them at very reasonable prices. For smooth- 
ness, finish and quality of iron the castings are unsur- 
passed. One of the most im{)ortant features of this es- 
tablishment is the manufacture of stoves, both for 
heating and cooking, and to this end the p»ro}>rietor 
has incurred great expense. This class of goods is 
equal in every respect to any in the market, and the 
(]emand for them is great and couhtanly increasing 
^l^roughout the State. Here also are made tobacco 
and cotton planters, not surpassed in quality or })rice 
rjj^ywdiere. The trade of this responsible liouse is by 



THE CITY OF KALKIGH. 123 



Crapes Restored, Waterproof Finish, at Short No- 
tice, by P. J. DUFFIN, Raleigh, N. C. 

no means confined to Raleigh and vicinity but extends 
throughout the State. In this establishment there is 
an engine of fine capacity and three lathes, besides 
every other facility. Mr. Gill is a native of England, 
and before coming to this country occupied there a 
commanding positiong in Her Majesty's Navy Yards. 
In commercial life he is highly esteemed for his su- 
perior mechanical skill and personal integrity, and 
the success which has attended his enterprise is but 
the just reward of a sound business policy, honorable 
dealing, and best work at lowest prices. See page 32. 

T. R. Pumell, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 
Mahler Building, Fayetteville St., Raleigh, N. C— 
This gentleman is a native of Wilmington, in this 
State, where he resided until 1871, when he removed 
to Forsyth county. In 1873 he was appointed State 
Librarian, which positioii he resigned in 1875, to fill 
a seat in the State Senate. Afterwards he was ap- 
pointed United States Commissioner, the functions of 
which office he performed with much ability for a 
number of years. He has also been the county at- 
torney for Wake, and for ten years has been attorney 
for the Richmond and Danville Railroad, in the con- 
duct of whose important legal transactions he has been 
eminently successful, having rarely lost a case entrusted 
to his management. He conducts his business with 
care, skill and ability, and no lawyer in Raleigh is 
more solicitous of and attentive to the interest of his 
clients than Mr. Purnell. He is a gentleman of the 
highest personal and professional character, an enter- 
prising citizen, and those desiring his legal services 
may implicitly rely upon him for the exercise of su- 
perior judgment in any business he undertakes. See 
page 42. 



124 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



Go to GEO. N. WALTERS\ The Tailor, for Fine 
Suits, Raleigh, N. C. 

The Raleigh Savings Bank, No. 109 Fayetteville 

St., Raleigh, N. C— J. J. Thomas, President ; W. C. 
Stronach Vice-President; J. D. Pullen, Cashier. — The 
latest and one of the most important additions to 
the banking facilities of the city is The Raleigh 
Savings Bank, chartered by the General Assembly of 
1885. It was opened for business on the 14th of May 
last, and on tlie first day the business was of enormous 
proportions — over two hundred accounts being opened, 
amounting to about $3,300. This institution has 
steadily increased in business, and gives rich promise 
of becoming one of the most important and useful en- 
terprises f^ver established in our city. The officers of 
the bank are gentlemen of the finest ability and high- 
est integrity, and are among the most Y>^ofii^ri^'^t 
financiers and successful business men of Rahigh, who 
have always been active and influentiel spirits in every 
movement calculated to improve and build up the 
city. This bank is the resort of a long list of deposi-. 
tors, embracing leading men in all lines of mercantile 
and industrial enterprises, as well as that great body 
of mechanical and wage working people, for whose 
benefit the bank was originally opened. The high 
character of the gentlemen having this high trust un- 
der control is a sufficient guarantee that all matters 
intrusted to their care will be in safe and prudent 
hands. See page 8. 

A. G. Bauer, Architect, Raleigh, N.C. — Prominent 
among the best known architects of this city is Mr. A. 
G. Bauer. This gentleman is a native of Ohio, but 
before coming to Raleigh, was a resident of Philadel- 
phia, where foranumberof years he was associated with 
Mr. Samuel Sloan, one of the most celebrated archi- 
tects of that city. In 1883 Mr. Bauer came to Raleigh, 
and he has since built up an influential and lucrative 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 125 

Glove Dyeing or Cleansing* by Wholesale or Re- 
tail, at P. J. DUFFIN'S, 107 Fayetteville St. 

practice, both here and throughout the State. He has 
during that time been assistant architect on some im- 
portant and extensive undertakings in his line, notably 
the Western Insane Asylum at Morg^anton and that 
of South Carolina at Columbia, the Governor's Man- 
sion, the new Supreme Court Building, and the Graded 
Schools at Raleigh, besides numerous elegant private 
residences here and in many other parts of the Stale. 
Mr. Bauer is at all times prepared to give estimates 
and cheerfully furnish plans to meet the viewsof those 
intending to build, and can be relied upon to spare 
no pains or time to fulfill the expectations of his pat- 
rons. See page 40. 

Ellington, Royster & Co., Building Contractors, 
Sash, Blind and Door Manufacturers, 101 S. West St., 
Raleigh, N. C. — If any one industry can be said to have 
contributed more than any other to the growth and 
prosperity of Raleigh within the last few years, it is 
that of building, and among those engaged in this 
business, none are more prominent and reliable than 
the gentlemen composing this firm. Each member of 
the copartnership brought to tlio enterprise long ex- 
perience and much practical ability, soon winning an 
extensive patronage, and to day, are the leading car- 
penters and builders in the city. They control a bus- 
iness of vast importance, and attend with promptness 
and fidelity to all kinds of jobbing, fitting up and 
altering stores, furnish plans and specifications, and 
enter into contracts for the construction of all kinds 
of buildings upon the most reasonable terms. Speci- 
mens of their work are to be seen in the elegant and 
handsome residence of C. D. Upchurch, on Fayette- 
ville street, the Yarborough House and Deaf and 
Dumb and Blind Asylum Extensions, residence of R. 



126 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

Fair and honorable dealing have secured for 
WALTERS, The Tailor, his popularity. 



T. Gray, on Blount street, stores of Julius Lewis & Co., 
Norris & Carter, and in every part of the city. They 
have established themselves in the estimation of the 
citizens of Raleigh as thoroughgoing business men, 
honorable and trustworthy, and have won the confi- 
dence of all by strict probity and integrity. See 
page 52. 

J. W. Brown, (Successor to Henry J. Brown,) Un 
dertaker, corner Morgan and Dawson Sts., Raleigh, N. 
C— The vocation of an undertaker is essentially a 
very delicate one, and it involves for its successful 
prosecution peculiarly important qualifications, which 
but comparatively few individuals possess, and it is 
only by long pxperience, as well as natural aptitude, 
that a man is enabled to discharge his duty in that 
relation to the entire and unqualified satisfaction of those 
most directly interested. The most prominent house 
engaged in this business here is that above mentioned. 
Mr. Brown succeeds his honored and lamented father, 
under whose careful training he learned the business, 
and into worthier hands it could not have fallen. He 
is prepared to assume the entire direction of funerals, 
furnishing everything needful, even to the selection of 
cemetery lots or graves when desired. As to his suc- 
cess in business, he isalready reaping the reward of his 
long experience and careful attention to the duties of 
his vocation. He is a gentleman of fine business 
ability, and being a young man, upon the threshhold 
of business life, with the best possible character and 
reputation for honorable principles, there is no doubt 
he will meet with assured success and permanent pros- 
perity. See page 36. 

F. A. Watson, Art Store, 112 Fayette ville St., 
Raleigh, N. C. — As an example of what energy and 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 127 

Prices for Dyeing or Cleansing by P. J. DUFFIN, 

Raleigh, N. C., are the Lowest, consistent 
with First-Class of Work. 

enterprise, when properly directed, can accomplish, 
the establishment of Mr. F. A. Watson stands promi- 
nently forward. This business was established many 
years ago by Mr. C. C. Clawson, who conducted it un- 
til 1880, when lie was succeeded by the present pro- 
prietor, who has won a high reputation for the su- 
perior excellence of his large stock and the uniform 
satisfaction rendered to those having business rela- 
tions with him. The store has recently been remod- 
eled throughout, and is now a real gem of art, present- 
ing one of the most attractive aspects it is hardly pos- 
sible to conceive for an establishment of this kind. He 
manufactures picture frames of gold, gilt and bronze 
of every description and design, cornices, etc., and deals 
largely in engravings, paintings, window shades, etc 
Prices are placed at the lowest figures. By strict in 
tegrity, honorable dealing, energy and enter{)rise, Mr 
Watson has won an enviable reputation and fully 
merits the signal success he has achieved in this im 
portant industry. See page 20. 

The North Carolina Car Company, Raleigh, N. 
C. — Gen R. F. Hoke, President; W. E. Ashley, Super- 
intendent ; Jno. Ward, Secretary and Treasurer. — In 
the history of the industrial progress of Raleigh the 
North Carolina Car Company deservedly occupies a 
most prominent and conspicious position. This busi- 
ness was inaugurated in 1882, and is the only enter- 
prise in the Slate possessing facilities for the manufac- 
ture of cars. The premises cover more than five acres 
of ground, and the machinery and a[)plianc(.s used in 
the various departments are of the most improved and 
best description, and are driven by a 100 horse engine, 
while in the operation of the works everything is so 



128 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

WALTERS, The Tailor, never disappoints his 
customers -he is always on time. 

arranged according to complete system as to constitute 
as near perfection as possible. The capital stock is 
$50,000 and upwards of fift}' hands are constantly em- 
ployed. One important feature of this concern is the 
manufacture of buildings, "ready made," so to speak, 
every part being so accurately fitted that they can 
be erected in a short time after being received. It is 
impossible here to enumerate the man}'' and varied 
kinds of work executed at this imuiense establishment, 
and the reader must be referred to the advertisement 
of tfie same on page 46. The officers composing this 
company are gentlemen of the highest reputation, and 
.widely known for their honorable business methods 
and sterling worth. 

Creech & Co., Collections and Settlement of Claims 
and Inheritances — Joseph Alexander Creech, Manager, 
Raleigh, N. C. — This business was op-ened here by 
this firm several years since, in obedience to what was 
thought an urgent need for such an enterprise, with 
Mr. Creech as General Manager. Their first step was 
to open communication with able aiid reliable attor- 
neys it) cvtry county in the United Siates, aiul every 
court district of Europe, who in their respective local- 
ities are specially qualified to utidertake the specific 
business entrusted to them. Through careful researches 
in the United Spates and Europe, thid firm has ob 
tained much valuable information as to unclaimed 
property at home and abroad. Tliey also have espe- 
cial facilities at their command for making investiga- 
tions and furnishing information relative to all mat- 
ters {)ertaining to land in Texas, land-titles, tax-sales, 
redemptions, etc., as well as the estates of deceased 
soldiers of the Texan Revolution (1835-37), and 
early settlers in Texas. They also give attention to 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 129 

" Ponpons " Dyed and Cleansed, or Made to Order 
or Repaired, at P. J. DUFFIN'S, Raleigh, N. C. 

searching and attending to the recovery of estates of 
deceased pioneers and Forty-niners of California. This 
is the only business of this character in the South, 
and the. patronage with which the firm have met has 
shown that not only were they correct in their views 
of opening such a business in Raleigh, but indicates 
Mr. Creech to be a gentleman who fully understands 
the important business entrusted to liis care. See 
page 48. 

Thos. H. Stevenson, Plumber, Gas Fitter, etc., 15 
West Hargett St., Raleigh, N. C. — No establishment 
engaged in this useful branch of activity in Raleigh 
enjoys a larger measure of public favor than that 
of Mr. Stevenson. This is an old established 
house, its proprietor having commenced here in 1869. 
From the very outset tins enterprise may be said to 
have bounded into popularity and prosperity, the uni- 
form satisfaction rendered to all persons holding busi- 
ness relations with Mr. Stevenson, coupled with push 
and energy, being the chief features contributing to 
his succeess. He carries constantly on hand a large 
stock including plumbing materials, gas fixtures, and 
steam, gas and water fittings. Plumbing of every de- 
scription is executed in the most superior manner and 
at the most reasonable prices. Mr. S. is thorougly in- 
formed as to all the requirements of his trade, and by 
integrity and industry has built up a large and 
flourishing business not onl}^ in Raleigh but in the 
surrounding country. See page 28. 

Wharton's Photographic Gallery, 119 Fayette- 
ville St., Raleigh, N. C — Among the popular, enter- 
prising photo artists of Raleigh is Mr. Wharton, whose 
residence among us, although of comparatively recent 
date, has achieved a reputation second to none. He is 



130 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

Have your Clothing made at G. N. WALTERS', 
The Tailor, Raleigh, N. C. 

regarded as an artist of rare merit, and has acquired 
a very large and prosperous patronage. The premises 
occupied consists of a very elegantly and handsomely 
furnished reception parlor, operating, printing and 
mounting rooms with all the latest improved appli- 
ances known to the profession, fie is prepared to do 
all kinds of photographing, from the smallest to the 
largest life-sizes. An examination of his work dis- 
closes the fact that iiis pictures are executed by the 
true artist, an easy, graceful and natural pose and a 
completenes of finisli being observable which are not 
always obtainable by those who are not true masters 
of the art. See page 48. 

Bosworth C. Beckwith, Attorney at Law, Bagley 
Building, Cor. Fayetteville and Martin Sts., Raleigh, 
N. C. — Among the young and promising lawyers of 
this city who must be mentioned in this review of in- 
dustrial Raleigh is the gentleman named above. Mr. 
Beckwith is of an old Raleigh family, about 27 years 
of age and was educated at Trinity College under Dr. 
Craven's administration. He studied law under Judges 
Dick and Dillard at Greensboro, and being licensed 
by the Supreme Court at February Term 1884, he at 
once commenced the practice of his profession in this 
city, and has met with success. He is a gentleman of 
industry and perseverance, a hard student, and is 
much esteemed by the people of Raleigh for his 
good personal qualities. Mr. Beckwith is the efficient 
Secretary of the Democratic State Committee, which 
position he has held since 1884. See page 46. 

Geo. W. Wynne, Boarding, Livery, Sale and Ex- 
change Stables, 111 East Martin St., Raleigh, N. C— 
In few features of business activity does Raleigh pre- 
sent such a veritable metropolitan aspect as in the 



TIIK CITY OF HALKIGH. 131 



Ladies ! Your Silks, Laces, Feathers, etc., are 

rendered Good as New when Dyed by P. J. 

DUFFIN, Kaleigh, N. C. 

number and excellence of the livery establishments to 
be found therein, and prominent among which is the 
admirably conducted and well equipped establishment 
above mentioned. It has long ago secured a hold on 
public favor, and has received a large and substantial 
measure of merited recognition. Tlie premises occu- 
pied are large and desirably situated, and are a credit 
to its management. Mr. Wynne is a native of Wake, 
and has been a resident of Raleigh for many years. 
His establishment was formerly on East Morgan street, 
but has been at his present location about two years. 
His stables are 60x200 feet in dimensions, and has all 
modern improvements in the way of water-works, etc. 
A large force of assistants are employed. A full line 
of elegant carriages, buggies, etc , are kept, and the 
teams are as stylish as any in the city. Weddings, 
funerals, and private parties are supplied at most 
reasonable terras. Orders b}^ telephone have prompt 
attention and careful and experienced drivers are fur- 
nished. The proprietor is also agent for the celebrated 
'* Frazier Road Cart." Mr. Wynne is widely known 
for his fine business and high personal qualities, is 
popular with his customers, and fully merits the large 
patronage he enjoys. See last page. 

P. J. Duffin, Agent for Lewando's French Dyeing 

and Cleansing Establishment, 107 Fayetteville Street, 
Raleigh, N. C. — This is a new enterprize in this city, 
and has been established since the fall of 1875, which 
has since been continued with the most gratifying suc- 
cess, the trade growing and extending rapidly, until 
it is at once large and substantial. Laces, velvets, 
silks, shawls, feathers, gloves, and indeed every kind 
and variety of fine ladies' goods are dyed, cleansed. 



132 THE CITY OE RALEIGH. 

You will find no shoddy goods at G. N WALT- 
ERS'— The Tailor -Raleigh, N. C. 

renovated and repaired and done up in the most ex- 
cellent and satisfactory manner, and equal to new. 
Mr. Duffin does a large business in tliis line not only 
in the city, but is constantly receiving orders from all 
sections of the State, and all work is executed promptly 
and at the most reasonable prices. The establishment 
of which the Raleigh house is a branch, is one of the 
most famous and widely known of its character in the 
United States, the princi[)al places of business being 
New York and Boston, and having agencies in all 
parts of the country. Mr. Duffin will take [)leasure 
in mailing price-lists to all who tnay wish to be eco 
nomical by taking advantage of ihe inducements held 
out by this new enterprise. See announcements. 

Chas. D. Arthur, Dealer in Fish, Oysters and Game, 
Stall 16, City Market.— This is the leading fish and 
oyster business in the city market. It was established 
two years since by Mr. Arthur, who represents the firm 
of Geo. N. Ives & Co.j which carries on the largest 
wholesale business of this character in North Carolina, 
having places of business at Newbern, Morehead City 
and Beaufopt. At this stall will be found at ail times, 
and in the best possible condition, trout, bluefish, spots, 
sheephead, flounders, perch, etc., and in season, mack- 
erel, mullets, shad and rockfish, as well as soft and 
stone crabs. Owing to Mr. ArlliUr's unsurf)assed faci- 
lities, the public can always rely upon here receiving 
nothing but the very freshest goods and at the most 
reasonable prices. Orders are delivered anywhere in 
the city free of charge, liis telephone call being No. ] 16. 
The proprietors of this firm at the above named 
places have continually engaged a number of fishing 
vessels which are going and returning to the capes 
daily to keep their numerous customers supplied, and 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 133 



All orders for Dyeing and Repairing Ladies' Silks, 

Laces, Feathers, etc., receive prompt attention 

from P. J. DUFFIN, 107 Fayetteville St 

dealers anywhere in the State will find it to their in- 
terest to send them their orders, which will be filled 
promptly and on the most reasonable terms. Address 
Geo. N. Ives, from December 1, to May 15, Newbern ; 
from. May 15 to December 1, Morehead City. See 
page 56. 

N. S. Moseley, Ladies' and Gents' Dining Rooms, 
120 Fayetteville St., Raleigh, N. C— A leading restau- 
rant in Raleigh is that conducted by the above-named 
gentleman. Mr. Moseley has been a resident of this 
city for nearly tweiUy years, and is well known as pos- 
sessing the very highest qualifications for the proper 
management of a resort of tliis character. His prin 
cipal business is that of furnishing boarding to regu- 
lar patrons, who comprise some of the most exacting 
and discriminating people in the city. He also has a 
large run of transient custom from all parts of the 
State, who, by long experience, have learned where to 
obtain the best meals served in the best manner, at 
the lowest prices. This establishment is neatly and 
tastily fitted up, and everything that the market affords 
can be here found, with all the delicacies of the season, 
prepared in the most delicaleand tempting style. It is 
conceded by all that Moseley 's fried oysters are the equal 
of those to be found anywhere. In this feature espe 
cially the reputation of the establishment is pre emi- 
nent. Give him a call and you will be sure to do so 
again. See page 56. 

A. B, Forrest, Nurseryman and Florist, 517 Polk 
St., Raleigh, N. 0. — While making reference in this 
little volume to the different entcr[)rises which are a 
credit to Raleigh, it is highly proper to direct atten- 
tion to that of Mr. Forrest, and it is safe to affirm that 



134 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 

My Clothes Fit, and the Goods are Fine, because 

they were made by WALTERS, The Tailor, 

Raleigh, N. C. 

no gentleman engaged in the above business possesses 
a more thorough knowledge of all the intricacies of this 
art than he. We cannot begin to give a description 
of the magnitude of his business nor an account of the 
many varieties of plants, trees, slirubs, etc., which are 
to be found at his place — the reader must be referred 
to his announcement to be found elsewhere in this 
book. Mr. Forrest is Superintendent of Oakwood 
Cemetry, and it is a pleasure to note the fact ihat its 
present excellent condition and its beauty is owing to 
his superior skill and untiring industry. In his nursery 
and florist business he has met with decided success, 
which has been highly deserved. See next to last page. 

J. W. Stephens, Plumber and Gas-Fitter, 103 Fay- 

etteville St., Raleigh, N. C. — This gentleman has re- 
cently opened his establishment in Raleigh, and hav- 
ing had a long experience in his line and every facil- 
ity for prompt and reliable execution of all orders, he 
will doubtless meet with much deserved success. In- 
deed, so satisfactory has he performed such work as he 
has undertaken, that he has been compelled to employ 
an additional force of employees to complete his orders. 
He is prepared to do every kind of work in his line, 
and his charges will always be found reasonable. He 
has also fitted up a number of neat bath rooms, which 
is a commendable feature of his establishment, and 
should be encouraged. Mr. Stephems is a pleasant 
and agreeable gentleman, and has made quite a num- 
ber of friends during his brief residence in our city. 
See next to last page. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 135 



Foutz's Medicines. 



HORSE AND CATTLE POWDERS 



b 




ZJ 



g L] «5^!^%«;4fejf^--^ .<&y.^i^.^v#«5^-" \.-s:^al>?„..:^-.w>i> <; «2L 



A 



D\; No HoRSB will die of Colic. Bots or Lunq Fe- pn ^ 

Jr\ ytn. if Fontz's Powdere are nsed in time. "jn *^ 

Q ^ T iiitz's Powders will cure and prevent Hog Cholera. ;^ hrf 

iv. ^^ I V r/.'s Powdera will prevent Gapks in Fowls. -g^ Lj 

f^ h-^ i.niu's Powders will increase tlie Qunntity of niillv " f^ 

y an 1 cream twenty per cent., and make tlie butter lirm —pi -^ 

fj • ni. ! sweet. , — J *^'' 

rH J jutz's Powdere will cure or prevent almost KYKRT v — 

Disi.ASK to wliich Horses and ( attle are snhject. ^T^ 

FOUTZ'S POWDI FvS WILL GIVE SATISFACTION. __. 

Sold everyM'here. \ ' 
DAVID E. FOTJTZ, Proprietor 
BALTIMORE. MD. 

SHRINER'S BALSAMIC COUGH SYRUP. 

Price 25 cents package or boWe. Send for Sample Package by Mail. 



BINSWANGER & CO, 

1427 Main St., RICHMOND, VA., 

Mixed Paint, Colors, Yarnisli, Brushes, Glue, 

LINSEED OIL, TURPENTINE, &c. 
Sashf Doors, UlindSf Lime and BiiUders' Hardware. 

THE HAXALL-CRENSHAW CO., 

(H AX ALL MILLS), 

F». O. Box 19, Richmond, Va., 

Manufacture and keep for sale, all grades of FLOUR. 

Water-ground CORN-MEAL (best quality) and 

MILL-FEED, &c., &c. Orders solicited. 



136 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



BOYKIN, CAT MER & CO., 

WHOLESALE DEALERS IN AND IMPORTERS OF 

A/so Dealers in Agricultural Chemicols for Fertilizers. 

Proprietors of the old and well-known '* Home Fertilizer" and 
such well-known family medicines as "Ever^^body's" Pills, Dr. 
" Boy kin's "Worm Killer," Baird's Horse and Cattle Powder, &c. 



RAGRANT BREATH 



Meade & Baker's Carbolic Moutli Wasli. 

An essential requisite for the Toilet. Heals all diseases of tJie 
Gums. Disinfects decayed Teeth. An excellent garble for Sore 
Throat. A delicious and fragrant Mouth Wash. Purities the 
Breath. Prepared only by 

T. ROBERTS BAKER, Pharmacist, 

919 E. Main St., RICHMOND, VA. 

Price 50 cents per bottle. For sale by all Druggists. 



WHAT WS KNOW ABOUT SEEDS. 

WE KNOW THAT. AS WE DEAL EXCLUSIVELY IN 

&EASS and FIELD SEEDS 

OF EVERY VARIETY, 

We sell Purer and more Reliable Seeds and at lower prices than 

can be bought from houses dealing in everytliing. 

Samples will be sent by mail when requested. 

W^M. A. NIILLER &- SON, 

No. 800 Mam St., LYNCHBURG, VA. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



137 



RELIGIOUS. 



Some of our Prominent Ministers. 




REV. THOS. DIXON, JR , 

was born in Cleveland county, and is of Scotch-Irish 
descent. Hiseducation proper commenced in the Shelby 
High School, at which place he was prepared for col- 



138 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



lege. He entered Wake Forest College in 1879, grad- 
uating in 1883 with the highest honors, taking the de- 
gree of A. M. He then entered the famous Johns Hop- 
kins University at Baltimore and took a post graduate 
course, pursuing such studies as bore practically on 
his then chosen profession — the law. After this he 
took a thorough course of elocutionary training in 
New York. In 1884 he returned to North Carolina 
aJid commenced the study of law. In the same year, 
being urged to become a candidate for the Legislature, 
he did soy being elected by the handsome majority of 
1,500. His work and speeches in the House were 
something phenomenal. The press of the State rang 
out reports of his brilliancy and eloquence. Some of 
the best and most aggressive work accomplished by 
the Legislature of 1885 originated with Mr. Dixon, and 
the best speeches by far were made by this gentleman. 
An announcement that he would speak at a certain 
time would pack the halls, lobbies and galleries to 
their utmost capacity. His county was doubl}" proud 
of him. The State at large delighted lo honor him. 

After the Legislature adjourned Mr. Dixon pursued 
the practice of law for a time in Shelby. But he did 
not rest content — he craved a broader field for work, 
and sought it. The ministry occurred to him again 
and again, but according to his own statement he 
fought the ever recurring impression that he should 
enter it. After a protracted struggle, he gave up law and 
politics and entered the ministry. In his new work 
his thought and eloquence became, if possible, more 
brilliant and powerful than ever before. It seems that 
he was destined to prove the opinion of Fisher Ames, 
wlio wrote: "No man ever did or ever will become 
truly eloquent without being a constant reader of tlie 
Bible and an admirer of the purity and sublimity of 
its language." 

His first service as pastor began with the Baptist 
Church of Goldsboro soon after his ordination. He 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



139 



remained there several months and was then called to 
the pastorate of the Second Baptist Church of Raleigh 
in May, 1887, which call he accepted. Since taking 
charge of that Church the attendance at the services 
has grown so large as to require greater accommoda- 
tions, which have been secured by uniting the church 
building and the Sunday school building into one au- 
ditorium—about 50x140 feet— with a seating capacity 
of 1,200. The name of the Church has been changed 
under his pastorate to the Raleigh Baptist Tabernacle. 
Mr. Dixon is doing a great gospel work in tliis city, 
accomplishing much good. He is now about 23 years 
of age. 




REV. W. C. NORMAN. 

This greatly beloved pastor of Edenton-St. M. E. 
Church was born in Davidson county, N. C, June 27, 
1847. He is a son of the Rev. Alfred Norman, who 
for fifty years was a fine type of the true Methodist 



140 THE CITY OF KALEIGH. 



itinerant preacher. He made a profession of religion 
at the age of 14 3'ears under the ministry of his father. 
He was licensed to preach in 1868; in 1869 he entered 
Trinity College, N. C , graduating in 1872. He was 
first on the Asheboro circuit, and at the ensuing con- 
ference was sent to the Wentworth circuit, remaining 
three years; thence to Person-St. Church, Raleigh, 
four years; thence to Louisburg station, four years; 
thence to Edenton-St. church, Raleigh, where he is 
now closing his fourth year. He married Miss Sallie 
Hargrave, of Lexington, N. C, Nov, 21, 1877. During 
his pastorate the sum of ^28,867.80 has been raised for 
all church purposes, and the ability of his church to 
erect thir present new and handsome edifice has been 
owing largely to his untiring and individual efforts. 

While Mr. Norman does not aspire to shine in the 
pulpit as an orator, he is an able and effective preacher 
of the gospel, and his sermons are always instructive 
and edifying. He holds liis own congregation and 
attracts hearers from other churches, and at the regu 
lar services which he conducts at Edeiiton Street there 
are but few vacant seats. 

But it is as a pastor that he is most beloved— all his 
people haveconfidencein his piety and his devotion to 
his work. In the pulpit, in the house of affliction and 
mourning, among the poor, in the social circle, on the 
street — everywhere — he is the same devoted man of 
God, teaching by precept and example his holy re- 
ligion and how to live a godly and yet a cheerful life. 

The present year terminates his four years' stay in 
Raleigh, and his congregation and the people of Ral- 
eigh will part with him with regret. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH, 



141 




REV. J. L. WHITE. 

Rev. J. L. White was born in Winston, Forsythe 
county, N. C, September 6, 1862. In early youth he 
exhibited marked traitsof religious character, and this, 
together with his abilities as a speaker, caused his 
friends to hope that he would enter the ministry. In 
this they were not disappointed, for the young man 
soon felt that the cause of Christianity demanded his 
talents. To further develop the mind that gave promise 
of so much power, he entered Wake Forest College and 
immediately took a high stand. 

His high standing in two schools at least were 
thoroughly proven by his winning the Whitfield Latin 
medal and Montague French medal. The society of 
which he was a member elected him as one of its de- 
baters for the anniversary celebration of the two Lit- 



142 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



erary Societies, February, 1885. Again was he honored 
with the position of orator for the following anniver- 
sary. To do hard and faithful work has ever been the 
purpose of the man, and this brought its just reward 
in his graduating at the head of his class and deliver- 
ing the valedictory at the commencement in June, 
1886. 

While temporarily fillir.g the pulpit of the First 
Baptist Church of Raleigh during the summer of 1886, 
Mr. White so captivated the hearts of its members 
and congregation by his eloquence, kind disposition 
and christian manner that he was called as pastor of 
the church, and no congregation in this city is more 
attached to their minister than his. On September 
22, 1886, he married Miss D. Z. Poston, of Shelby, 
N. C. 

Though one of the youngest divines in the ministry 
Mr. White is one of the ablest preachers in his de- 
nomination. Naturally gifted as an orator, he has great 
power in the pulpit, and a bright future of usefulness 
lies before him. 



ADVERTISEMKNTS. 



143 



Washington Life Insurance Conioany 



OK NKW YORK:. 



AssEXS, ABOUT S8,500,0(X). 



27 YEAES IN EXISTENCE. 




'Hie WasJi i nf/fon /^ ih<' only ("ofnj} f(i( t/ ir/t osi< l>iri- 

ajmj_jj^_ju__i^__LL,ijL-i-M-Miiui»iiiiii iiiMWii^Miw iiiiw ■ «^— MMi itiiiiMii *r I -»-i iiiir 't -^ I m~^T tt'tttm'i i i f-~n~i 

dends ((re Ahsvlufelif Xou-Forfrifahle, 



General Agent for V.rginia, West Virginia 
and North Carolina. 



OFFICE : No. 1117 Main Street, RICHMOND, VA. 



144 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



StiORX MINTS 

ON 

SOCIAL ETIQUETTE 



Compiled from the latest and best works on the subject 
by '' Aunt Matilda." 



if^i^ice:, 4o ce:nxs. 

This book sliould be in every family desirous of 
knowing " tlie joroper thing to do." We all desire to 
behave properly and to know what is the best school 
of manners. AVhat shall we teach our children, that 
tliey may go out into the world well bred men and 
women? 

" SHORT HINTS " contains the answer and will be 
mailed to any address, postage prepaid, on receipt of 
price. 

SPECIAL. 

Until further notice we will nuul each of our friends 
a coj)y of the above valuable book gratis and free of 
postage, if they will mail us 15 wrappers of Dobbins' 
Electric Soap. 

l)y folding u}) tlie vrrappers as you would a news- 
paper, the postage will only be 2 cents. 

Always i)ut your full name and address on the out- 
side of the bundle and write the word "Etiquette" also, 
and then we will know who sends it. 

Z- 3Li. 0:E2-.f^C3-ZlNr SC OO., 

PHILADELPHIA, PENNA. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 145 



SOME OF OUR SELF-MADE MEN. 



NEEDHAM B. BROUGHTON, ESQ. 

One of our most useful and highly public-spirited 
citizens is Mr. N. B. Broughton. For many years 
he has stood in the front rank with those who have 
labored and are still laboring for ihe moral, religious 
and educational advancement of our city. But his 
efforts in this direction have not been confined wholly 
to Raleigh — other sections of the State, yea, the State 
itself, have shared the benefits of his zeal and ability, 
put forth for the furtherance of the very best interests 
of our people. Possessed of strong convictions, and 
being a man of undaunted moral and physical cour- 
age, he has always planted himself firmly against the 
evil and in favor of the good. He pursues no tempo- 
rizing policy — you always know where to find him 
whenever the forces of good and evil range themselves 
for battle: with pen and tongue and purse he boldly 
takes his position, and no soldier performs more val- 
iant service than he for any cause in which he en- 
gages. 

Mr. Broughton was born in Wake county, near 
Auburn, on the 14th of February, 1848, and is a son 
of Joseph and Mary Broughton. His father died 
when he was but seven years of age, and his wid- 
owed mother succeeded to the sole care of seven small 
children — four sous and three daughters. The subject 
of this sketch was the fifth child, and his mother 
placed him, in early life, in a printing office to be 
trained to the business of printing. In 1872 he united 
with Mr. C. B. Edwards in the establishment of a 
book and job printing office, which is now one of the 
largest and most complete printing concerns in the 
South. 

In the cause of temperance reformation Mr. Brough- 



146 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



TON has been a most prominent worker, and has filler] 
the highest office in the gift of the Order of Good 
Templars, having been the Grand Chief Tem[)iar for 
North Carolina for five years. In every movement 
having for its object the It^ssening o( ti)e eviis of in- 
temperance he has taken a most active part Tiie su(v 
cess of prohibition in the two last eleciions in Hal- 
eigh township was due in no small degree to his uri- 
tiring efforts and zeal. 

In church and Sunday School work Mr. Broughton 
has been very successful. He is thejeading deacon 
in the Raleigh Baptist Tabernacle, and in all the 
efforts made by this church to attain its present prom- 
inence he has always been in the lead. He is also 
the Superintenlent of the Sunday School of that 
church, is Secretary of the Ba[»tist State Convention, 
and for several years has been President of its Sunday 
School Board. 

Mr. Broughton is an earnest promoter of the Pub- 
lic Schools of Raleigh township. For four successive 
terms, embracing a period of nine years, he has been 
one of the School Committee, and the efficiency of the 
Public Schools is due greatly to him and his asso- 
ciates The rising generation will in the future point 
back with gratitude to the educational efforts he made 
in their behalf. 

In disposition Mr. Broughton is affable, of easy 
approach, a lover of youth, and a friend to those who 
are struggling to advance themselves in the walks of 
life. He possesses elocutionary powers ol a bigb order, 
and makes a good speech. He is not an aspirant for 
political preferment, but his numerous friends would 
be pleased to see him occupying any position within 
gift of the people. Should he be so induced to accede 
to their wishes, it is safe to say he would discharge the 
functions of his position with that sense of integrity 
and usefulness that have ever characterized him in 
the past. 



THE CITY OF RALKIGH. 147 



WESLEY N. JONES, ESQ, 

COMMISSIONER OF LABOR STATISTICS. 



Mr. Wesley N. Jones is prominent in the ranks of 
Raleigh's self-made men. By sheer pluck and tireless 
energy and industry he has won his way steadily, 
fairly and honorahly to a competence and to position. 
In tlie best sense of the word he is a self-njade man. 
A sketch of his career is not only interesting but val- 
ual)le, as showing what the poor young men of North 
Carolina have before them if they but liave that pride 
and courage out of which are born endeavor and suc- 
cess. He was born in Wake county July 2, 1852, about 
seven miles from Raleigh, and was apprenticed as a 
printer when thirteen years of age. He served a regu- 
lar apprenticeship and became an active member of 
R'lleigh Typographical Union. He was elected the 
delegate of that organization in 1875 to the Inter- 
national Union. Desiring to secure a collegiate edu- 
cation, by untiring industry and frugality, which he 
practised for several years, he was enabled, in the 
autumn of 1875, to enter Wake Forest College, gradu- 
ating in 1879. He then studied law under Judge Geo. 
V. Strong, of Raleigh, and was admitted to the Bar in 
June, 1880. He was elected a member of the Board of 
Aldermen of Raleigh in 1882, and continued as a mem- 
ber of such Board until he was appointed Commis- 
sioner of Labor Statistics by Gov. Scales in March, 1887. 
He was joint editor of the ** North Carolina Manual of 
Law and Forms," a publication for the use of business 
men, magistrates and county officers, which has had a 
large sale. He was married to Sallie, the only 
daughter of Rev. C. T. Bailey, proprietor of the Bibli- 
cal Recorder, in February, 1887. 

Mr. Jones writes forcibly, has an extensive acquain- 
tance, and manages ably liis new office, which has to 



148 THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 



do with the labor interests of the State. As an alder- 
man of this city h© proved clear!}' his ability a^^ a 
business man, and showed his grasp of affairs. His 
services to the city, particularly in the way of im- 
provements and education, placed him high in popu- 
lar favor and esteem with all classes. As chairman of 
the School Committee of the Board of Aldermen he 
originated and pushed through the Legislature the 
law by which the public schools of Raleigh township 
were placed under the control of the Board of Alder- 
men, thereby bringing them up to their present degree 
of efficiency. Asheville, Reidsville and other towns 
have adopted the same law and secured its passage 
through the Legislature. 

Mr. Jones has a more arduous task before him in 
his new position, but gives all the evidences of careful 
work and earnestness of purpose to do his part in ad- 
vancing the best interests of the State and its people. 
He is receiving the earnest support not only of the cla^s 
he expects directly to benefit, but of all others, and his 
careful pLansfor executing the needs and requirements 
of labor are securing fruit in the State of valuable in- 
formation. 



THE CITY OF RALEIGH. 149 



BUSINESS INDEX-RALEIGH 



Packs. 

Adams, Len. H., dry goods, clothing, eic 30 — 120 

Andrews & Co., R. B., clothing back of cover and 94 

Archbell, H,, bread, cakes and crackers 26 — 115 

" Advocate, Raleigh Christian" 54 — 103 

Arthur, Chasi D., fish, oysters, etc 56 — 132 

Bauer, A. G., architect . . 40 — 124 

Bank, State National 38 — 100 

Bank, the Raleigh Savings .. 8 — 124 

Beckvvith, Bosworth C, lawyer.. 46 — 130 

Berwanger Bros., clothing, etc inside front cover and no 

Briggs & Sons, T. H., hardware 6 — in 

Brown, John W., undertaker 36 — 126 

Car Company, the JSJ^orth Carolina 46 — 127 

Crawford, W, R., butcher 12 — 102 

Creech, Jos. Alexander, lawyer; claims, etc.. 48 — 128 

Crocker, H. H., clothing, dry goods, shoes, etc . 76 — 108 

Duffin, P. J., dyeing, renovating, etc margin of pages and 131 

Ellington, Royster&Co., building contractors, etc.- 52 — 125 

Forrest, A. B., florist and nurseryman 151 — 133 

Gill, J. H . , founder and machinist 32 — 122 

Gulley, J. P., dry goods, clothing, etc. 16 — 114 

Haynes, Jr., Ernest D., crayon artist 44 — 105 

Hinsdale, John W. , lawyer ...-. 44 — 1 16 

Hughes, W. H. , crockery, lamp goods, etc 12 — 105 

Insurance Company, The N. C. Home 10 — qg 

Lee, Johnson & Co. , druggists 24 — 1 1 g 

Linehan & Co. , quarrymen — 34 — 95 

Lumsden, J. C. S., hardware, tinner, etc - 2 — 106 

Mahler, H., jeweler 42 — 121 

McKimmon & Co., Jas., druggists inside back cover and loi 

McMackin, W. C, livery, board and sale stables 18 — 112 

Moseley, N. S., dining-room .-- 56 — 133 



150 . THR CITY OF RALEIGn. 



Pages. 

Norris & Carter, diy goods, etc 50 — ill 

Otey. W. G., barber 40—114 

Pescud, John S., druggist margin of pages and 96 

Purnel], T. R., lawyer _.. 42 — 123 

Price & Son, John, butcher 22 — 119 

vSepark, W. G., dry goods, millinery, etc 8 — I2i 

Shaw University 117 

Simpson, Robert, druggist 4 — iiS 

Sleinmetz, H., florist ._ 28 — 113 

Stephens, J. W., plumber, gas-fitter, etc 151 — 134 

Stevenson, Thos. S., plumber, gas-fitter, etc 28 — 129 

VVaitt, D. S., clothing, shoes, etc 50 — 108 

Walters, Geo. N., merchant tailor margin of pages and 102 

Watson, F. A,, art store 20 — 126 

Watson, J. W., photographic artist 26 — its 

Wetmore & Co., W. H., manufacturer of hand-made shoes 4 — 106 

Wharton, C. P., photographic artist 48 — 129 

Williams & Co., A., books and stationery i — 109 

Woodell, B. H., shoes 22 — 107 

Woollcott & Son, dry goods, clothing, millinery, etc 86 — 97 

Wyatt & Son, E. F., h arnessand saddlery 14 — 98 

Wynne, Geo. W., livery, sale and feed stables 152 — 130 



INDEX TO OTHER ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

Boykin, Carmer & Co., druggists, Baltimore, Md 136 

Baker, T. Roberts, "Carbolic Mouth Wash," Richmond, Va. 136 

Binswanger & Co., artists' material, Richmond, Va 135 

Cragin &Co., "Short Hints on Social Etiquette," Philadelphia, Pa. 144 

Foutz's Medicines, Baltimore, Md _ 135 

Haxall-Crenshaw Co., The, fiour, meal, etc., Richmond, Va 135 

Insurance Co., Washington Life, Richmond, Va 143 

Miller, Wm. A., grass and field seeds. Lynchburg, Va 136 



ADVERTISEMKNTS. "151 



J. W. STKF^HENS, 

(FORMERLY OF NORFOLK, VA.), 
I»RACXICAI^ 

Plumber, Steam and Gas Fitter, 

No. 103 Fayetteville Street, 

PLUNIBING, GAS KITTING, €~C., 

In all its Branches, 

Pumps of all descriptions kept on hand. Repairs 
promptly attended to, and good work guaranteed. 



FOR SALE. 

3,000 Magnolia Grandiflora, 1,500 Sugar Maples, 1,000 Silver Maples, 
2,000 Ash-Leaved Maples, 500 Golden Arbor Vitse, Irish Juniper, Nor- 
way Spruce, White Spruce, Balsam Fir, Irish Yew, White Pine, Roses, 
Flowering Shrubs, &c. 

Other Shade Trees and Evergreens too numerous to mention. 

My stock is in fine conditior>, and sure to please. Send list of wants 
and get prices. 

The best time to plant Evergreens and Magnolias is in the fall, when 
the soil is a little warmer than the atmosphere — October and November. 
Deciduous trees can be planted at any time after the fall of the leaf and 
before the buds swell in the spring. Also best varieties Raspberry and 
Strawberry plants. Vegetable plants during spring months. 

A. B. FORREST, 

517 Polk Street f Raleiyhf /V. C. 






152 



A D V K RTIS KM E N TS. 



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B 



.A.3Sr33 



FEED STABLES 



No, 111 North Side Martiu, bet. Wilmiiig^toii and Blomit Sts., 



^^..^LIEIGhH:. INJ". 0-. 



-DEALER IN- 



HORSES AND MULES 



Fine Stock a specialty. Good, sound 
horses and mules always on hand at rock- 
bottom prices. 

No trouble to show stock — give us a 
call. 

Extra good harness and saddle horses 
for hire at moderate prices. 

Good accommodations for drovers. 



JAMES McKIMMON & GO. 



WHOLESALE AND RETAIL 



' w^j^^&y ^ ^'^^^^^ \^^ \5SS^^ ^^^^ ~X^^^ 



^^*^^V^iP4f: 




I ^*;^ 




133 Fayetteville Street, 

Keep a full line Pure Drugs, Clieniicals and Pro- 
prietary Ai-ticles. 



Mineral Waters on Draught, 
Fine Cigars and Cigarettes. 

Everything to be found in a first-class Drugstore. 
ORDERS FILLED PROMPTLY AKD CAREFULLY. 

JAMES McKIMMON k CO. 






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