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Full text of "Clarke's kindred genealogies. A genealogical history of certain descendants of Joseph Clarke, Dorchester, 1630; Denice Darling, Braintree, 1662; Edward Gray, Plymouth, 1643; and William Horne, Dover, 1659; and sketches of the Orne (Horne), Pynchon, and Downing families"

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^__^^<A'^^/^^^.c£;^Z^ y^i^^a^y^ 

<^\ar\e's \{\Y)dred (^epealoc^ies. 

A Genealogical History of Certain Descendants of 





AND sketches OF THE 

Orr\e (Horrie), Pyric]:|or), arid DovJr|irig Fan\ilies, 



OF Cambridge, Mass., 

Member of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

'Qairep ^evot ;(atpovT£S tSeiv irarpiha yalav, 
OuTws Se 01 ypcte^ovTes IhfiV (3i(3Xlov tcAos. 


The Harvard Printing Company. 


Copyright, 1896, 
By AUGUSTUS P. Clifif^KH. 





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^0 tbc /iRemotB of ms "Mite, 

flDar^ Ibannab (5ra^ ClarF?e, 
I^F3fs Dolume 

•ffs Bffectionatels "ffiiscribcD b^ bee IbusbanJ). 

Ube Hutbor, 



My first intention in making geDcalogical researches was to 
obtain authentic records for private use ; being encouraged by 
finding entries of considerable importance, I felt that it might not 
be unadvisable to continue the work until sufficient material had 
been gathered for a small publication. It was not my design to 
make an exhaustive genealogical history of all the branches of the 
several families embraced within the work, but only to have the 
record extend to such members as have not received at the hands 
of previous writers due consideration. 

In collecting such data I did not hesitate to avail myself of the 
advantages of records wherever they were to be found. In trac- 
ing the Clarke genealogy I followed the family tradition of my 
immediate ancestors, and so was quickly enabled to make a begin- 
ning that gave promise of much success. In preparing the record 
of the earlier descendants of Joseph Clarke I found that Tilden's 
History of Medfield was of considerable service ; so also was 
Jameson's History of Medway. From these invaluable sources of 
information I did not hesitate to draw largely. It is also with 
pleasure that I make acknowledgement for the great help I 
obtained from Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island ; 
this publication was especially helpful when preparing the record 
of Edward Gray of Plymouth. Raymond's Gray Genealogy fur- 
nished important data for this portion of the work. 

Though these publications proved very useful, it was neverthe- 
less necessary to make a vast deal of original research before it 
was possible to determine what was the connection between the 
families of the last few generations and those of the earliest date. 
In ascertaining those relations I availed myself of the direct aid 
of old records of the town clerks of Dorchester, Salem, Marble- 
head, Lynn, Mendon, Bellingham, Dedham, Attleborough, Ilollis- 
ton, Rehoboth, Wrentham, and Plymouth, in Massachusetts, and of 



those of Bristol, Tiverton, Little Compton, Smithfield, Cumber- 
land, Lincoln, Scituate, and Barrington in the State of Rhode 
Island, also of those of Corinth, Fairlee, West Fairlee, and Chelsea 
in the state of Vei-mont, and of WeHs, York, and Kennebunk in 
the state of Maine. 

When preparing the sketch of the Darling genealogy, I was 
favored by a personal interview with Mr. John Darling of 
Chestnut Hill in Blackstone. This gentleman had collected 
many valuable records relating to this old family, and though they 
were mainly for his private use, he cheerfully accorded me an 
opportunity to copy from his record whatever facts I desired to 
use. Most of the dates I then gained I was subsequently able 
to verify by comparison with the original entries. I can now 
attest their accuracy. 

I am especially indebted to the officers and the management of 
the New-England Historic Genealogical Society for their uni- 
form courtesy and readiness in placing at my disposal important 
publications of their library. The courtesies of the officers of the 
Harvard University Library were also freely extended. Many 
rare volumes of the Cambridge Library were consulted with pro- 
fit. Most important facts relating to the ancestors in England 
were gleaned through the assistance of Mr. Henry Gray, 47 
Leicester Square, and of Mr. Arthur Crisp of Denmark Hill, Lon- 
don. I shoiild express my obligation to the managing officers of 
the British Museum for opportunities to consult some rare old 
books and manuscripts that proved of unusual advantage in this 
line of inquiry. 

I should not close without exjjressing my indebtedness to my 
loving and venerable friend, the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., for 
the loan of interesting and valuable books and j^apers and for 
kindly suggestions. 

I shall not forget to acknowledge here the invaluable service 
rendered by my own daughter. Miss Inez Louise Clarke, A. B., of 
1 iadelifL'e College ; she, besides copying for the use of the printer the 
manuscripts 1 had prepared, emblazoned with her own brush for 
the engraver the various arms that embellish the work. Her suc- 
cess in this undertaking needs no comment. 


In accomplishing this work which I now place before my read- 
ers it is but fair to say that much time has been employed and 
much money has had to be expended. The labor of gathering 
and of arranging the material was not felt to be a mere task- 
work, but was a labor of love and was jJi'ompted by a filial regard 
for the men who had participated in the early settlement of the 

Inconsiderable and imperfect as the work may be, had I fully 
realized in the beginning how much labor, thought, and research 
would have been required for its completion, I should undoubt- 
edly have shrunk from the undertaking. Now that the labor is 
brought to a close, I can but rejoice that I have made the at- 
tempt to offer the contribution. 

Cambridge, Mass., 1896. 



Arms of Claeke xi 

Arms of the Abbey of St. Edmund's Bury o 

Arms of Darling 41 

Arms of Grey 66 

Arms of Horne 101 

Arms of Downing 143 

A fac-simile of Joseph Home's signature as made in 1775, reduced 

one-half 107 

A reproduction of the signature of William Pynchon, the American 

emigrant ancestor 137 

R^}AS OF CLtflF?KE. 

The accompanying arms of Clarke are a reproduction of those 
of an ancient family in Suffolk County, England, The following 
is the description given in heraldic language. 

Arms. — Argent ; on a bend gules, between three roundels sable, 
as many swans of the field. 

Crest. — Out of a tan cross or, three roses gules, leaves vert, 
between a pair of wings azure. 

Motto. — " Secretum mei gaudii in cruce," 

" The secret of my joy is in the cross." 



The origin of surnames, says Bowditch, is known to have been 
aaeumed in some instances before the Norman Conquest, but such 
names did not become general in England until two or three 
centuries later. The name Clarke, in its various forms of Clark, 
Clarke, Clerk, Clerke, etc., says the author of the Life of Hu^^h 
Clark, is one of great antiquity, having probably been used in 
Great Britain as early as the eleventh century. Like all names 
which are derived from an occupation or employment, it is given 
to very many individuals whose families were entirelv distinct. 
To show that persons in past ages have changed their names into 
that of Clarke, which was considered the more honorable, the 
following instance is adduced. In the time of Edward I., accord- 
ing to an old pedigree of the Clerkes, in the Herald's College, 
London, there lived at Willoughby, in the county of "Warwick, one 
Hamraund, son of whose posterity (having been good benefactors 
to Magdalen College, Oxford) do continue still at Willouo-hby, 
being owners of considerable estates there and elsewhere, but who 
changed their name of Hammund into that of Clarke, as by sev- 
eral writings of these appear wherein they have writt (written) 
themselves Hammund als Clarke. One Richard of that family 
in a lease-note to him by the aforesaid College, in the 22nd of 
Henry VI., of the Manor and Tithes of Willoughby being written 
Richard Clerke, Esq., the descendants from that Richard for some 
generations downward do appear in a book kept by one of the 
family still at Willoughby aforesaid, and likewise in the Manorials 
of the said College as founders of these tithes (Burke's Peerage). 
The name Clarke is derived from dignities, temporal and ecclesi- 
astical. Clarke means a learned person, one who could read and 
write ancient and mediaeval lore ; mediaeval bearers of this name 
were proud of it ; hence the present frequency. . In the " Domes- 


day Book" Gierke was Clericus (See Lewis's Dictionary of the 
United Kingdoms, London, 1860). 

"Clerk as connected with the church ha^ come down to the 
world." " Clericus and Clergyman," as names or terms, were con- 
fined entirely to the ordained ministry. The introduction of lay 
clerks appointed to lead the responses of the congregation has, 
however, connected them all but wholly with the later office. A 
curious not to say cumbrous surname is met with in parliamentary 
^ts — that of Holywater Clerks. A certain Hugh Holiwater 
clerk was set down as dwelling at Lincoln. As Clerk (Gierke) 
he was doubtless connected with the Cathedral of Lincoln ; the 
Reformation was the means of removing the office donated. A 
Walter le Clerk (Clerk) is found in the same record. Our num- 
berless Cliirks or Clerks, therefore, may belong either to the pro- 
fessional class or to the one we are considering (that is, may be 
called Clerk, an a sobriquet). Chaucer speaks of "writting clerks," 
" Clark," "clerke," and *' Beatrix Clerk." Milo le Clerk (Milo le 
Clark), is found in the Hundred Rolls. Beatrix le Clerk is found 
in the old Writs of Parliament. The Hundred Rolls* were of 
the loth century and of earlier date. 

Joseph Clarke, the ancestor of the Clarkes of Medtield, Medway 
and vicinity, wns born in Suffolk County, England, where his 
family had long been seated. The family is one of great antiquity 
in Suffolk County. 

An Ancestor, Thomas Clarke, of Bury, St. Edmund's, gent., men- 
tions in hi.s will of 1506, ' a Seynt Antony Cross, a tau Crosse of 
gold weying iij li.," which was borne in an armorial coat, and was 
assumed as an augmentation in consequence of having been worn 
by Nicolas Drury, his great maternal grandsire, in the expedition 
of Spain with John of Gaunt, the Duke of Lancaster, in 1386. In 
the will made in 1480 by John Smith, of Bury, Esquyer, men- 
tion is made of Clement Clerk fur " the supuisoure^ of that testa- 
ment; Clement Clerk is ordeyned and put the priour of the 
monasterie of Bury." The seal of the arms of the mitred Abbey 

•Tlie " Hundreil Rolls" of EnjrJand. compiled in the reign of Edward I., arn 
recordset those who owned lands in the time of William the Conqueror, for which 
lands some paid rent, soiuo puid sheep, same paid hens, and dome paid service a^ u 
soldier (See Driver's Genealoj^y). 


of St. Edmund's Bury, of Suffolk, in which the Clarke family had 
been prominent, was azure, three crowns or ; " the arms of the Kings 
of the East Angles were assumed in the memory of King Edmund 
(to whom this Abbey was dedicated), martyred by the Danes, when 
his crown of gold through a crown of thorns (or arrows rather) 
was turned into a crown of glory." The Abbey was founded in 
638. The arms in colors are given in the accompanying plate. 

" The monastery was rebuilt in the year 903 and became the 
receptacle of King Edmund's body. The Abbey Church, or 
Church of St. Edmund's, the grandeur of which is said to have 
been equal in some respects to that of St. Peter's at Korae, was in 
the year lU95 in a state of sufficient forwardness to receive the 
remains of St. Edmund. It was 505 feet in length ; the transept, 
212 feet ; and the west front, 240 feet. Besides a dome there was 
a tower. The church contained 820 windows and 300 niches, 
adorned with statues and other Gothic sculptures. The abbey 
remained in the possession of the Benedictine monks over five 
hundred years, the first being made by King Canute in the year 
1020, and the abbot ' resigned ' the abbey in the year 1539 to 
Henry VIII. The monastery of St. Edmund's Buiy is supposed 
to have been only second in England for its magnificence in build- 
ings, decorations, privileges and endowments. Leland, who lived 
in the time of its greatest splendor, thus describes it : — 

"The Sim hath not shone on a town more delightfully situated, 
on a gradual and easy descent, with a small river flowing on the 
eastern part ; or a monastery more illustrious, whether we con- 
sider its wealth, its extent, or its incomparable magnificence. 
You might, indeed, say that the monastery itself is a town; so 
many gates there are, some of them of brass ; so many towers ; 
and a church than M'hich none can be more magnificent, and 
subservient to which are three others, also splendidly adorned 
with admirable workmanship, and standing in the same church- 
yard. The rivulet mentioned above, with an orchard bridge 
thrown across it, glides through the bounds of the monastery." 
(See the Brights of Suffolk, pages 8-9). 

It seems from all accounts, without resorting to speculation^ 
that the ancestors of this ancient family of the Clarkes had before 


the Norman Conquest been dwellers in England. They had 
long been seated in East Anglia and had been influential in the 
building and management of the priories and abbeys of that 

Tradition has it that though they were of Anglo-Saxon ex- 
traction they became by marriage connected at an early date 
with the descendants of Joseph of Arimathea. The story of 
Joseph of Arimathea is that, after the crucifixion of our Lord on 
Calvary, he was banished by the Jews from Judea. Joseph, in 
company with Philip the apostle, Lazarus, whom Christ had 
presumably raised from the dead, Mary Magdalene, and Martha 
his sister, and Marcilla their servant, was put into a vessel with- 
out sails or oars and set adrift to perish upon the sea (Mediter- 
ranean). The lonely voyagers, after having suffered much by 
being tossed by the rough winds and the waves, landed at last at 
Massilia (Marseilles), the ancient seaport of France. Now whUe 
Philip continued to preach the gospel in France, he sent Joseph 
of Arimathea over into Britain, with Joseph his son and ten other 
associates, to convert the natives of that island to Christianity. 
Those coming into Britain found such kindly reception from 
Arbiagus the King that, though he would not be persuaded 
by the preaching to abandon the worship of idols, yet he allowed 
them twelve hides of land (a hide of ground being as much, if 
well managed, as would maintain a family, or as others say, as 
much as one person could handsomely plough and manage in 
a desolate island full of fens and brambles ; this was designated 
in the original language of that country as " Ynis-Witrin," or in 
om- translation as " Glastonbury," in Somersetshire). Here they 
built a small church, and by directions from Gabriel, the arch- 
angel, dedicated it to the Virgin Mary. The land on all sides of 
this grand edifice was enclosed as a church-yard ; in this en- 
closure Joseph was buried. At this place the twelve lived many 
years, devoutly serving God, and converting the islanders to the 
Christian faith. Some maintain that Philip did not come to 
France in this ship, but was there before the banishment of 
Joseph and his part}'. (See Church history of Britain, by Rev. 
Thomas Fuller, D.I)., third edition, vol. 1. pp. 12-13). I am 


not unaware that Fuller and other writers have discredited in 
large part many of the circumstances of the story of Joseph 
of Arimathen, still it must not be forgotten that many charters 
relating to this primitive church were granted by the nncient 
Saxon kings. The Vatican at Rome is not wholly without 
ancient records of the early planting of this church. TLe ancient 
abbey of Glastonbury was founded in 605 A.D., on the site of a 
British church, long held to have owed its origin to St. Joseph of 
Arimathea, whose " miraculous thorn," which continually blos- 
somed on Christmas day, together with the shrine of St. Dunstan, 
attracted multitudes of devout persons to Glastonbury in the 
Middle Ages. " It was the burial place of King Arthur, whose 
remains were many centuries ago discovered here." 

Joseph Clarke was among the first settlers of the Dorchester 
company, that embarked at Plymouth, England, on the 20th 
of March, 1630, in the "Mary and John," a vessel of 400 tons, 
Captain Squeb, master. The compnny had a prosperous voyage 
of seventy days, and amved at Nan task et (called by Captain 
Squeb the mouth of the Charles River),* on the 30th of May, ten 
days in advance of the " Arbella" and the other vessels compris- 
ing that distinguished fleet of eleven ships, with more than eight 
hundred emigrants, headed by John Winthrop, afterward gover- 

*It is interesting to observe that other navigators hart previously determined 
that the waters in this vicinity embrace the inciuth of the Cliarlfs River. The A.lle- 
fonsce manuscript determined our Cape Ann to be the Southern Cape Breton; it 
determined the river Charles to be the Vorumliega, that is, the River Norum'iega 
vas in the forry-third detrree; in was a tidal river (Veirazano and Thurfinn). •' It is 
at its mouth full of islands \s hich stretch out ten or twelve leagues to the sea. Alle- 
fonsce'9 mouth of the Charles had for its two promontories, Cape Ann and Cape 
Cod. He estimates its width at "above forty leagues." Of such a tidal river there 
is ftwt o/tp in the forty-third degree. On the maps of which Prof. Hors lord speaks, 
where, at the sara<^ point and given as the alternative names of the Norse City 
(Watertown), Norumbega, N"rvega, Noruega, Norbega, and Nor'mbega are found, 
and where Norveiia as a province occurs, there is also, and in the same precise lat- 
itude, the Norumbega River. This was the Rio-Grande of the Portuguese, the An- 
pullenie of Verr azano the Mishaum (Big Eel) of the Massachusetts Indians, and the 
Charles of Captain John Smith. 

This river emptied into the bay that was seen by Bjarni Herjulfson, 985 A.D.^ it 
was discovered by Leif Krikson, 1000 A.D.; it was ex|ilored by Tiiorwald. Leif's 
brother, 1003 A.D.; the country was colonized by Thorfinn Karlsefni, 1007 A.D. 
First Bishop Erik Gnupson came by appointment of Pope Paschail to dwell heie in 
1121 A.D , and to hold up the symbols of the Faith. Industries for 350 years were 
maintained upon its banks. Masur-wood (burrs\ fish, furs, agriculture, were elements 
of industry. Latest Norse ship returned to Iceland in 1347. (See the discovery of the 
Aneient city of Norumbega by Prof. E. N. Horfford, 1890, pages 38-39). After that 
period the colony retrograted. It was reserved for the passengers of the " Mary and 
Jobn " to inaugurate more active operations for the settlement of this portion of the 


In the Dorchester Town Records,* under date of November 22, 
1634, Joseph Clarke (his name in the records is spelled with the 
final " e ") and twelve other persons are mentioned as having a 
" grant of six acres of land for their small and great lotts, at Na- 
ponset, betwixt the Indian feild and the mill." 

Joseph Clarke removed to Dedham, where he was one of the 
earliest residents of that town. Mention is made of him in the 
Dedham Records, vol. I., page 112. It is as follows : — 

"Dedham, ye 28 of ye 7 month called September, 1640. 
Whereas, Edward Alleyen hath granted unto Joseph Clarke one 
acre of ye land next Vine Brook, towards the north for setting 
his house upon we do grant unto ye sayed Joseph one acre of ye 
land to adjoin thereunto for to make an house lot. And we do 
grant unto the sayed Joseph Clarke six acres of planting ground 
to be beyond Vine Brook to be set off by the aforesaid men that 
we appointed to perform for Henry Wilson, provide that he sub- 
scribe to the town orders." 

After Joseph Clarke received from the town of Dorchester, Nov. 
22, 168-i, his land grant, he returned to England, for we find in 
the sailing list of those who, on October 24, 1635, at " ye Port of 
London were aboard the Constance, Clement Campion, Mr., bound 
for Virginia," Jo. Clarke, aged 38 years, and Alice Brass, aged 15 

She was undoubtedly the Alice Pepper or Peppitt, whom he 
married after his return to Amei ica, and after his removal from 
Dorchester to Dedham. Aboard the "Constance" at London 
there were eighty-five passengers ; but these did not all 
settle in Virginia, We find that William Andrews, who was 
among the passengers, settled in New Haven, Conn., in 1638- 
The entry bears no evidence that these emigrants were required 
to make the customary attestation of their conformity to the 
orders and discipline of the C i rch of England. No evidence is 
on the- record that the}' were "?io suhsidt/ persons " or " not liable 
to the subsidy tax," and " were jieople of mean condition." 
After the " C n tance " had exchanged cargo at Hampton Roads, 

• See boston, Fourth Ueport, Record Commis8ioDer-=, page 9. 


and had allowed emigrants to disembark there for " James Cittie " 
and for other places in Virginia, she undoubtedly continued her 
voyage to the more northern ports," until she reached Boston 
H, II her, whence she returned to England, 

Some of the names in the list were hurriedly wi'itten, or were 
abbreviated; some were no doubt changed or assumed, as was 
often done to avoid suspiction, the arbitrary orders, and the 
hateful tax imposed by the London board. 

The ages of Joseph Clarke and Alice Brass (Pepper) as re- 
corded in the sailing list kept in the London office appear to be 
correct; they are in accordance with the history and record of 
the subsequent lives of these person?. This makes the birth date of 
Joseph Clarke occur in the year 1597. He died in 1684. This 
record would show that he attained to the age of eighty-seven 
years. Mrs. Alice Clarke died in 1710 ; her christening occurring 
in 1623 would indicate that she also reached the age of eighty- 
seven years. There is no record of their marriage in Dorchester ; 
the marriage must have taken place in Dedham, but not until 
after Joseph Clarke had lemoved there in 1640. At that date the 
affairs of the town were only commencing to advance ; the record 
of marriages was imperfectly kept. 

Ten years later Joseph Clarke was one of the early proprietors 
and settlers of Medfield, and in his will bequeathed lands to his 
sons, on the west side of the Charles River, afterward Medway.* 
In 1652 he became a freeman of Medfield. His first child born in 
Dedham was Joseph, son of Joseph and Alice Clarke, born 27th, 
5th mo., 1642.t According to Tilden's History of Medfield this 
was his oldest son. There is scarcely any doubt that he came 
direct from Dorchester, Mass., to Dedham, in 1640. If Mrs. 
Clarke was born in 1628, she would have been, in 1635, 12 years 
old. In 1642, at the time of the birth of their first son, Joseph, 
she would have been 19; in 1660 at the time of the birth of 
Rebecca, their youngest child, she would have been 37. In 1710, 
at the time of her death, she would have been 87, as before 

*See ReT. E. O. Jameson's Hist, of Medway; also W. S. Tilden's Hist, of Med- 

i See Dedham, printed Becords, Vol. I., p. 2. 


The following record appears in the parish register of St. Mary, 
Aldermaiy, London, Eng., viz. : 1623, March 25, Allies (Alice) 
daughter of Robert Peppit (Pepper), dwelling in the backe lane, 
was christened. 

Ann, daughter of Robert Peppit, martchand taylor dwelling in 
Turnbase lane, was christened 1621, July 1. She was buried 
1630, Nov. 17. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Peppat (the final syllable in the 
name occurring in this entry is spelled with "at" instead of with 
"it"), was christened 1619, Nov. 7. 1627 Elizabeth Peppit, 
daughter of Robert Peppit, dwelling in Turnbase lane was buried. 

John Peppit, son of Robert Peppit, was chiistened 1616, April 2. 

John Peppit, son of Robert Peppit, was buried 1618, May 19. 

Mary, daughter of Robert Peppit, was buried 1638, Septem- 
ber 30. 

Richard Peppit, son of Robert Peppit, a taylor dwelling in 
Turnbase lane was christened 1636, May 26. 

Richaid Peppit, son of Robert Peppit, was buried 1639» 
October 23. 

1618, January 22, Robert Peppit, son of Robert Peppit, v/as 

Robert Pep] it and Elizabeth Leake both of IheParrish of Saint 
Mary, Aldeimary, were married 1615, June 8. The widdow 
Elizabeth Peppit of Robert Pep]iit died 1642, June 24. She was 
apencioner. It will consequently be seen that at this last date, 
June 24, 1612, all the family of Robert Peppit had died, with the 
exception of Alice, who was baptised March 25, 1623. Her 
father had been a merchant tailor, but had evidently died, and her 
mother, Elizabeth (Leake) Peppit, had become a pensioner for 
past military service rendered by her husband to the English 

In leading the genealogical record of the Grey family, as given 
in this volume, it will be observed that the Leake family was at 
this time of considerable importance in England, for William de 
Grey, who was seated at Sandiacre in the County of Derby was 
the amestor of the Greys of Sutton, whose inheritance passed by 
a daughter to the family of Leake, Earl of Scarsdale. 


Alice (or Allies) had emigrated to America, for the date 
of the birth of the first child of Joseph Clarke and Alice Pepper 
(or Peppit) according to Mr. Jameson's History of Medway, was 
July 27, 1642. The name of this child was Joseph. 

A Gilbert or Giber t Peppet or Peppett was living in Virginia, 
Feb. 16, 1623, At Blimt Point, Virginia, Gilbert Peppett had 
50 acres of plantation land granted by I*atent, 1626. Ann, James, 
and John Pepper are names that occur in the old Parish of St. 
Mary, Aldermary, London, Eng., and are placed under the head- 
ing Piper. 

In the Parish of St. James, Clerkenwell, occurs under the date 
November 19, 1587, the name of Thomas Clerke {Clarke)^ son of 
Ruraboll ClerJc, christened. August 12, 1608, John Clerke^ son of 
Thomas Clark, was christened. 

In the pedigree given by Burke in his Landed Gentry, of De 
Home, of Stanway Hall, it is stated that " Oliver de Home, of 
Nova Kiik, near Ipres, Flanders, came over to Eng., with his 
wife in the year 1596 or 1597, and settled at Norwich." " But 
not well liking a strange country, and hearing of a cessation of the 
persecution in Flanders," says his great-grandson, " after his wife 
was delivered of a son, whom he named Abraham, the first in the 
Register of that congregation there (the Dutch), leaving his 
small family to God Almighty's protection, he shipt himself for 
Flanders, to seek a settlement there again," but in his " return was 
taken sick of the plague, and dyed on ship board." If this state- 
ment of Mr. George de Home, of Colchester (b. 1662, d. 1729), 
be correct, the lost Registers of the Dutch Church at Norwich, 
commenced in 1596 or 1597. Many families are descended from 
those whose names are found in these Registers, such as Hoste, 
De Horne, Vansittart, Corsellis, Boeve, Tyssen, Turck, Browne, 
De Bert, Vanden, Benipde, Johnstone, and will find entries which 
they may have sought for in vain elsewhere. 

18 March, 1578, Hans Peper v. De venter met Barbara Heck- 
aerts v. Antwerpen. 

2 Dec, 1582, Cornells Peper v. Deventermet Janneken Janssen 
T. Antwerpen. 


31 Meci, 1597, Jacus van Hoorne v. Antwerpen met Chris- 
tijnken Wouters v. Turnhout we Anthoni Jacobs. 

8 Feb., 1590, Hoorne, Van, Marie f. Jan. 

28 Jan., 1599, Wilsen, Christina uxor Jaques van Hoorne. 

4 Jul., 1609, Pieter Godschalck v. Tits met Christina Schoute- 
ken, we. Adam Hoorne. (See Parish Registers of the Dutch 
Church, Austin Friars, London, 1571-1874.) 

The Register or church booke of the Parish of Mooreton in the 
County of Essex, Baptizings — Anno primo regni diie [?] fire 
Regine Elizabethe A° q^ diii Mill ■"" Quingen ""> Quinquage "• 
octavo, 1560. 

Thorns Pepper, sonne of John Pepper the XXX"" Januarie a" 

1583, Thomas Gyll and Agnes Pepper were maried the third 
of November a° pdco, 

1585, Thomas Pepper and Joan Clark were maried the IX* of 
Male a° pdco. 

1562, Andrewe Pepper sonne of John Pepper was buried the 
last cif March anno predco. 

1562, John Pepper the elder was buried the third of Aprill 
anno predco. 

1623, Thomas Pepper and Margaret Lyman were maryed the 
9"> of February. 

1627, John Saltmersh & Bridget Peppar were married Nov : 6. 
Richard Peppar died 1626. 

1624, Grace Peppar ye wife of Richard Peppar ye 29"" of 
August, died. 

Baptisms 1624. Joyce Peppar the daughter of Thomas Pep- 
par ye 6 of December, 1624. William Pepper sonne of Thomas 
Peppar son to Thomas Peppar, was baptised May 26, 1627. 

The name of Bray Clarke appears in the Dorchester Records 
in 1634. Joseph Clarke was thus eai-ly in Dorchester. Dr. 
Harris says in 1630 ; also that Thomas and Bray were there 
at that time, and that a gravestone was erected to their memory. 
The following is the inscription : 

" Here lie three Clarkes, their accounts are even, 
Entered on earth and carried up to heaven." 


(See History of the Town of Dorchester, Mass., by a committee 
of the Antiquarian and Historial Society, Dorchester.) On the 
list of the First Settlers of the Town of Dorchester previous to 
January, 1635, are the names of Bray and Joseph Clarke. Many 
of the persons on the list dissolved their connection with the 
Dorchester Plantation at this early date. Some came in the 
second emigration from England, 1635. Mr. Richard Mather also 
came at that date. 

Thomas Clarke, brother of Joseph and Bray Clarke, came 
to Dorchester, 1630 ; his wife was Mary. He first appears in 
a list of 1638, in which year he was made freeman. Mr. 
Danforth alludes to Mr. Clarke's absence in England when his 
daughter Mehitable was presented for baptism in 1640, by his 
relative. Captain Stoughton. Thomas Clarke removed subse- 
quently to Boston, where he became a prominent and respected 
citizen. His wife, after his removal to Boston, was called before 
the church on a charge of "lying expressions against the General 
Court* and for her reproachful and slanderous tongue against the 
governor." William Clarke was in Dorchester as early as 1638, 
and the family tradition is that he came in the ship " Mary and 
John." Mr. William Clarke removed probably to Northampton 
as early as 1658 ; this was after the birth of his daughter Sarah. 
(See History of Dorchester, etc.) Savage says that the name of 
Thomas Clarke's wife is not known. High should be our esteem 
for Thomas Clarke (brother of Joseph), who was one of only two 
members of the Legislature, the Bo:-;ton representatives in 1656, 
that voted against the law for putting to death Quakers who 
returned after banishment. Dr. Hariis says that Thomas Clarke 
was brother of Bray and Joseph Clarke of Dorchester, as com- 
memorated in the epitaph on the gravestone as above set forth. 

In the parish of Bobbingworth, county of Essex, England, 
there is mention of Richard Pepper, son of John Pepper. Richard 
Pepper was baptized the xxviij of October A". 1588. John 

* Mrs. Clarke never forgave the General Court and the Governor for enacting 
the unrighteous laws against the unoffending Quakers. 


Pepper and Alyce Baker were maryed together in Bobbingworth 
the XX day of September A°. 1579. Also John Pepper, sonn of 
Henry Pepper of highounger was baptized in the same parish 
XX day of ffebruary A°. 1593. The records further show that 
Edward Pepper, the sonn of Henry Pepper, was Christened the 
XX dny of April An°. dmi. 1576; that John Pepper, the sonn 
of Henry Pepper, was Christened the vth day of Aprill Anno 
Regni Reginae Elizabethe xij" et Annoq;^ Domi, 1570. In the 
same parish records ai'e found seven other names of Pepper. 
There is an Agnes Pejiper, an Alice Pepper, etc. Mary Pepper, 
the daughter of John Pepper, was baptised the xxv day of Aprill 
A". 1590. In an index to the Pedigrees and Arras contained in 
the Herald's Visitation, it can be seen that the Pepper family of 
East Cowton Yorkshire had a pedigree and was entitled to wear 
coat-armour. The manuscript is 1487, 160''. Also the Peper 
(Pepper) family of Canterbury, of the county of Kent, had a 
pedigree and arms, as per manuscripts 1544 fo., 107"', 1548 fo., 36, 
as found in the British Museum. 

As it was customary with the early settlers to perpetuate the 
name of the locality from which they had emigrated, the name 
of Medfield was given to the new town in honor of old Metfield, 
England, from or near which Joseph Clarke and others of the 
Medfield settlers doubtless had come. Joseph Clarke, as stated, 
was born in the county of Suffolk, England. His family was 
also connected with the family of Clarkes of Henstead. The 
Clarkes at Henstead had pedigree and arms, and had long been 
seated (nearly three centuries) in Suffolk County, England. "An 
Index to the Pedigrees and Arms contained in the Herald's Visi- 
tation, and other Genealogical Manuscripts in the British Mu- 
seum," by R. Sims, London, 1884, makes mention of those which 
relate to the Clarkes of Suffolk County, England. They are as 
follows: 1137, fo. 52; 1432, fo. 43"; 1541, fo. 62"; 1560, fo. 141 ; 
6065, fo. 128 ; Clarice of Oake, 1560, fo. 183". 

Clarke of Oake had coat armor, for the name is printed in 
italics. Tbe numbers are to be consulted as always referring to 
manuscripts in the Harleian collection. The Clarkes of Suffolk 
County, England, have often been distinguished, and have beea 


entitled to coat armor ; they have also had crests. This chief 
cognizance in the armorial bearings of a family is a hio^her crite- 
rion of nobility. Thus Fairbairn in his crests of Great Britain 
and Ireland describes those that belong to the Clarkes of Suf- 
folk, The following is the description of the crests : " an ele- 
phant's head, quarterly gu. or." PI. 35. 13 ; another belonging to a 
family of Clarke of Suffolk, *' A conger-eel's head erect and erased 
gu., collared with a bar gemelle, or." Another Clarke of Ipswich, 
Suffolk County, " A nag's head, erased sa." In Barry's Heraldry, 
we find Clarke of Kettlestone, Suffolk County, "Ai'gent, a chevron 
between three grifhns' heads, erased sa. on a chief of the last, 
three mascles of the first." " Crest, an elephant's head, quarterly 
gu, and or," Confirmed June 20th, 1559. 

Clarke of Suffolk gu., an inescutcheon between four lions, ramp- 
ant or. Clarke of Ipswich, Suffolk County, ermine, on a bend 
engrailed sa. three conger-eels', heads, erect or. collared with a 
bar gemelle gu. Crest, a conger-eel's head erect, erased, gu. col- 
lared with a bar gemelle or. 

Clarke [East Bareholt, Suffolk County] or. two chevrons, gu,, a 
canton of the last charged wilh an escallop or, Clarke [of Ipswich, 
Suffolk County], or. two bars ar. over all a nag's head ar. in 
chief three escallops gu. Crest, a nag's head erased sa. 

From the Visitation of Suffolk County, England, 1561, edited 
by "Walter C, Metcalf, F.S.A., there is given the arms of Claxton, 
an important family of Chediston and Lavenham, in which 
appears a quartering or impaling or, two bars azure in chief three 
escallops gules with Clarke family, that is, Hammond Claxton of 
Great Livermore, second son of William Claxton of Cheston in 
Suffolk, married Ann the daughter and heiress of Thomas Clarke 
of Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk County, and of his wife, the daughter 
and heiress of Anthony Laurus and of his wife, the daughter and 

heires&of Hyallmii, and had issue. (Visitation of Suff., 1612.) 

The following relates to the foregoing families. 

Arms : Claxton of Chediston and Lavenham. 

Quarterly, 1, Gules, a fess argent, between two hedge-hogs of 
the second, one in base, the other in the dexter quarter in chief, 
the sinister quarter barry of ten of the second and azure, on a 


canton sable, three martlets of the second, Claxton 2, Argent, a 
fess quarterly argent and gules between three mascles sable. 
(Kirkman.) B, Azure three piles wavy meeting near the base, a 
canton ermine (Safford). 4, Gules, a bend vair doubly cotized or. 
(Gardiner) impaling or. two bars azure in chief three escallops 
gules (Clarke). Visitation of Suffolk County, England, 1561, 
edited by Walter C. Metealf, F.S. A. 

From the Visitation of Suffolk County, Eng., made by John 
Raven, Richmond Herald, in 1612, and delivered into the office 
of arms 1621, the following is extracted : Hammond Claxton of 
Great Liverniore, County of Suffolk, Esquire, second son to Wil- 
liam, married Anne, daughter to Thomas Clarke of Okey (Oake) 
County of Somerset, Esq., and by her had issue, John Claxton, 
son and heir ; Thomas, second son ; Owen, third son ; Thomas, 
fom-th son ; Lyonell, fifth son ; Elizabeth, Anthonye and Kather- 

(Visitation 1561, 1577 and 1612.) John Songe of Ipswich had 
a daughter Mary who married Janus Clarke of Cambridge, Esq., 
1612, embraced in the same Visitation. Elizabeth Tylney, Tilny, 
of Shelley, daughter of Philip Tylney of Shelley, county of Suf- 
folk, married to Peter Clarke (Visitation 1561). 

Visitation of Suffolk County, England, 1561. Henry Veere, 
Blakenham, county of Suffolk, married Margaret, daughter to 
John Gowse or Gowsell or Gonsell, and by her had issue, John 
son and heir; Elizabeth married to John Clarke of Ipswich of 
Suffolk County, Eng. Visitation of Suffolk Co., made by John 
Raven, Richmond Herald, in 1612, and delivered into the office of 
arms in 1621. According to this visitation it appears that Apple- 
ton was of KetUebasto7i, Suffolk County, Eng. 

Roger Appleton of Dareforde in Kent, Esq., married Agnes, 
daughter and heiress of Walter Clarke of Hadleigh, Esq., and heir 
to brother Edmond, and had issue. 

Visitation of Suffolk, 1612, Anne Futter of Stanton married to 
Clarke in county of Suffolk, Eng. 

Hester Ufflet, of Somerleyton, Suffolk co., Eng., married fir t to 
Henry Spelton, of Stockton, in Norfolk county, second to Admun- 
desham Clarke. 


Not all the Clarkes of Suffolk county, Eng., were recorders of 
mighty deeds. Some were reserved with metal-tongued bells to 
herald these deeds in most striking and far sounding tones. Here 
IB an account of a Clark, an itinerant, and of his bells. The church 
bells of Suffolk county, England, 554 Wrentham S. Nicholas, 
tenor G. Five bells not in order. 

1. Thomas Gardiner Fecit 1723. 2. (Pentacle) John Clarke 
made this bell, 1()06. John Clarke, an itinerant, in Suffolk County, 
Joseph Carter and Peter Hawks were the Bury founders in the 
days of the Stuarts. George Clark cast a small ring of bells for 
Duxford, Saint Peter's, Cambridgeshire, in 1564, and a certificate 
(dated 1557) of the weight of the bell from Wymondley Priory 
shows that a bell-founder named Clark was living at Datchworth 
at that time. The parish records the baptism of a John Clark 
in 1575, probably the maker of the Wrentham bell. He is not, 
says the writer, our only specimen of a proverbial rolling stone. 
Before proceeding to the larger blocks of bells which occupy the 
great Campanarian period, the first half of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, there are three single specimens to be disposed of. The one 
at Wrentham is the second earlit st known (1606) of a few bells 
scattered about here and there by John Clarke [He spells his name 
at Wrentham without the e], which in pentacle and shotten let- 
tering resembles " John Dyer " a) id " Sam Owen." In the follow- 
ing year he cast a time treble for Cold Brayfield in the county of 
Buckingham. At Wormingham, Gloucestershire, and Rumboldes- 
wyke, county of Sussex, he appears undated. I turn him up pen- 
tacle and all at Flitwike (Flitwick), in the county of Bedford, with 
the date 1608. In 1609 he cast the second at Enstry, county of 
Kent, and in 1613 the bell at Welney, Cambridgeshire. The 
earliest known bell of his is the little tenor of three at Eastwick, 
Hertsfordshire, dated 1601. This seems a genuine case of itiner- 
ancy, which the poorness of the bells may account for. (From 
the Church Bells of Suffolk county, England, by Rev. John Jones 
Rowe, D.D., of Emanuel College, Cambridge, England, 1890.) 
In regard to this it may be added that the price paid has often 
great influence in reference to the quality of the article. While 
we may agree in part with the distinguished .author to whom we 


have referred, it is nevertheless sad to contemplate that so enter- 
prising a man as this John Clarke seems to have been, should 
have been compelled to travel from place to place to sustain him- 
self in his occupation, on account, evidently, of inconsiderate 
returns he received for the exercise of his genius and for his 
work accorajjUshed. We trust that the reader will pardon us for 
giving vent in the original thought embraced within the following 
lines : 

O blame not the maker, whose grief-atricken bell, 
Rings out its laments, that he bade it farewell 
E'er yet 'twas complete. There had come a loud call 
With a few extra pounds from the church, that was all. 
Now regrets, that true worth is so oft poorly paid 
Shall by our rude tongues forever be made. 

In what more honorable pursuit can a man be engaged than that 
of a maker of bells, whose duties are, as a quaint old writer has 
well expressed in these lines : 

" To call the fold to church in time. 

We chime. 
When joy and mirth are on the wing, 

We ring. 
When we lament a departed soul, 

We toll." 

Or as Tennyson writes : 

" Ring in the valiant man and free. 
The larger heart and kindlier hand ; 
Ring out the darkness of the land. 
Ring in the Christ that is to be." 

There were others by the name of Clarke who emigrated at an 
early date from Suffolk county, England, to the New England 
shores. Thurston (called sometimes Tristan) Clarke, aged 44 
years, came to Plymouth, Mass., from Ipswich, county of Suffolk, 
England, in the ship " Frayicis''' John Gutting^ master, bound 
for N. E., the last of April, 1634. Faith Clarke, a notable vir- 
gin of Plymouth Colony, who was not originally named in the list 
of customs, at the age of fifteen years also came in the same ship. 
Thurston Clarke before sailing took the oath of allegiance and 
supremacy to the English Church. A John Clearke took shipping 


in the Elizabeth " from Ipswich bound for N. E. the last of April, 
1634. His age was 22 years. He also took the oath of alle- 
giance and supremacy to the English Church. According to the 
Hammat papers, William Clarke was one of the twelve who came 
with Winthrop, and commenced the settlement of Ipswich, Mass., 
1632-3. William Clarke appears to have come with Winthrop 
from Suffolk county, England, and to have been on most intimate 
terms with him. 

In the records of the parish of Brundish, Suffolk county, Eng- 
land, it is recorded that Edward Clarke and Diany Haywarde, 
also were marry ed the third of October, 1611. 

Joseph Clarke served in the Narragansett campaign in the war 
against King I'hilip. There is a record that Joseph Clarke 
received as compensation for certain service on one occasion in 
that campaign, March 24, 1676 — 00, 09, 04. It is also stated in 
the same connection that Hugh Clarke received for similar service 
—00, 07, 00, April 24, 1676. (See Mass. Archives, vol. 68, p. 86. 
See also Hist, of King Philip's War.) 

Mr. Tilden says that Joseph Clarke's house in Medfield " was 
on the west side of South street, and the old cellar, near the 
comer of Oak street, marks the spot where he built. He served 
as a selectman in 1660, but does not appear very frequently in 
town offices." Joseph Clarke was an enterprising and public- 
spirited citizen ; by his energy, industry and good management, he 
acquired a competence. He greatly assisted in the advancement 
of the early settlement of the colony. He left an abiding influ- 
ence for good on his numerous and honorable posterity. Mr. 
Joseph Clarke died January 6, 1684. Mrs. Alice Clarke died 
March 17, 1710. 

Joseph Clarke and Mrs. Alice Clarke were members of the Old 
Parish Church of Medfield, Mass. The records show that she 
continued her membership until her death. 

The children were : — 

1. Joseph^, born July 27, 1642 ; died Sept. 4, 1702. 

2. Benjamin^, b. Feb. 9, 1644, m. in 1665 Dorcas Morse; settled 

in Medfield, and was prominent in town offices. He d. in 
1724 ; his widow in 1725. 


3. Ephraim^, b. Feb. 4, 1646; m. March 6, 1669, Mariah Bullen; 

settled in Medfield. 

4. Daniel-, b. Sept. 29, 1647, was wounded by the Indians at the 

time of the burning of Medfield and died from the effects 
of the wounds, April 7, 1676. 

5. Mary^ b. June 12, 1649; m. in 1673 Jonathan Boyden, son 

of Thomas Boyden, who came in the ship "Francis" from 
Ipswich, Suff. CO., Eng., 1634. 

6. Sarah', b. Feb, 20, 1651, m. Jan. 7, 1673 first, John Bowers; 

second, in 1677, Samuel Smith. 

7. John', b. Oct. 28, 1652 ; d. 1720 ; m. 1679 Mary Sheffield of 

Sherborn ; settled in Medway. 

8. Nathaniel', b, Oct. 6, 1658, m. May 1, 1669, Experience Hins- 

dale; settled in Medfield, Mass. 

9. Reljecca', b. August 16, 1660 ; ra. May 1, 1667, (1) John liich- 

ardson ; m. (2^ John Hill ; settled in Sherborn, Mass. ; d. 

Feb. 17, 1738-9. 
Joseph' (Joseph^) also was an enterprising man. As soon as he 
became of age his father was the recipient of a lot of land for 
his son to build upon. This was a grant in accordance with the 
established custom of that time. His house was on Curve and 
Spring streets, not far from the old pine swamp, near which he 
erected a malt-house. He married in 1663 Mary Allen, daughter 
of James Allen of Medfield, a cousin of Rev. John Allen, who was 
born in 1597, at Colby, a village in Norfolk, England, and took 
the bachelor's degree in 1615, and the master's degree in 
1619, at Caius ColleL;e, Cambridge, Eng., and settled in Dedham, 
Mass., 1637. James Allen was received into the Dedham church, 
Sept. 2, 1646. By her father's will he received a house "which 
was the ancient house, probably, that stood where that of G. 
W. Kingsbury now stands." " At his death, he owned besides 
his homestead, a house and land at '■planting field,' and a 
house and land in Wrentham. He served as a selectman, and as a 
repres ntative to the General Court. He and his wife both died 
in 1702." 

The children were : — 
1. Joseph', b. 1664. 


2. John^ b. 1666, died 1691. 

3. Jonathan^ b. 1668, died 1690. 

4. Esther^ b. 1670, ra. Thomas Thurston, 1658-1713, who set- 

tled in Wrenthara, Mass. He was grandson of John 
Thurston, who at the age of thirty-six, with wife, Margaret, 
came from Wrentham, Suffolk county, England. He 
sailed in the ship " Mary Anne " for New England in 
6. Thomas-^ b. 1672, died 1690. 

6. Mary3, b. 1674, d. 1675. 

7. Daniel', b. 1676, d. 1694. 

8. Lea\ b. 1676, d. 1676. 

9. Solomon^ b. 1678, m. Mary White, 1698; m. (2) Elizabeth 

Adams, 1740; selectman, trustee of the State loan 1721, 
and representative to the General Court, 1725 ; died, 1748. 
His son David Clarke was the grandfather of Rev. Pitt 
Clarke. Graduate H. C. 1790, and for forty years pastor of 
the First Congregational Society in Norton, Mass. ; and the 
great grandfather of Hon. George Leonard Clarke, Mayor 
of Providence, and of Dr. Edward Hammond Clarke, grad- 
uate H. C., 1841, an eminent physician, professor and over- 
seer of that University, (George^, Edward", Pitt*^, Jacob^, 
David^ Solomon'', Joseph-, Joseph'.) 

10. David\ b. 1680, d. 1714 ; m. 1708, Mary Wheelock. « He 

received as his portion, the house in Wrentham, now 
Norfolk, the first homestead south of Stop River biidge. 
He and his wife died in the same year, leaving one 
daughter, Elizabeth, who married in 1722, Daniel Hol- 
brook. Had a numerous posterity." 

11. Moses^b. 1685, d. 1685. 

12. Aaron"*, b. 1685, d. 1751 ; settled in Wrentham. His chil- 

dren were Mary, Martha, Esther', Keziah, Jemima, and 
Moses. Mrs. Mary Clarke died May 14, 1771, aged eighty- 
six years. 
"Joseph'', (Joseph^ Joseph^,) was a cordwainer by trade. He 
married in 1686, Mary Wight, grand-daughter of Thomas 
Wight, who for his second wife, m. Lydia, widow of James 
Penniman, sister of the ' Indian Apostle,' John Eliot." 


Joseph' Clarke settled in the north part of the town of Medfield, 
very near where Noah Allen now lives. In 1695 he held the 
office of sealer of leather. At his father's death he received 
the homestead in the south part of the town, and removed 

Captain Joseph' Clarke was one of the prominent men of the 

town, built the grist mill and carried on the manufacture of malt 
in an adjacent building. His wife died in 1705 ; and he married 
in 1706, Abigail Smith, widow of Samuel. "He died in 1731, his 
wife in 1756." The children were : — 

1. Mary^ 1687-1717; m. in 1705 Nathaniel Smith. 

2. Mehitable^ 1690; m. Timothy Morse. 

3. Hannah*, 1692 ; m. in 1709 John Robbins. 

4. Esther^ 1695-1774 ; m. in 1716 Ebenezer Turner. 

5. Josephs 1697. 

6. Hephzibah*, 1699-1791 ; m. in 1727 Timothy Hamant. 

7. Thomas*, 1703. 

8. Abigail*, 1711-1750 ; m. in 1730 Henry Smith. 

Joseph* (Joseph', Joseph-, Joseph^), married in 1718 Experience 
Wheeler, daughter of Isaac Wheeler, and his wife Experience' 
(John^ Michael'), Metcalf *, grand-daughter of Michael Metcalf 
of Dedham, Mass., and of Norwich, England, and great grand 
daughter of Rev. Leonard Metcalf of Tatterford, Eng., b. there 
1545, died there Sept. 22, 1616, rector of the parish of Tatterford, 
Norfolk, Eng., 1611. Joseph* Clai-ke died in 1731, and his widow 
married Daniel Wedge of Mendon. The children of Joseph* and 
his wife Experience Clarke were : — 

1. "Joseph', 1719-1719. 

2. Joseph^ 1720. 

• Metcalf is a name derived from the following traditional exploit, which, it is 
said, occurred in 1312 in Chelmsford, County of Essex, England:—" On a certain day 
his Majesty, Edward II, with many lords and gentlemen, were in his Majesty's parlc, 
where "was a wild bull that they feared to encounter, but when lie encuuntered with 
Mr. John Armstrong he was killed with his fist, and when Mr. Armstrong came to his 
Majesty, says he to Mr. Armstrong, ' have you seen the mad bull? ' ' And please your 
Majesty,' says be, 'I met a calf and knocked him down and killed him with my flat,' 
which wuen it was known lo be the bull, Mr. Armstrong was honored with many and 
great honors. And in token of tliis notable exploit he was made a Knight, and his 
name was changed to Metcalf." (See the History of Medway, Mass.) 


3. Rowland', 1722-1790; married, 1744, Hannah Lawrence, 

daughter of Ebenezer, of Wrenlham. He settled in Stur- 

4. Hephzibah^, 1725 ; married in 1747, Gideon Albee of Mendon, 


5. Jephthah^ 1727-1736. 

6. Experience, 1730." 

"Joseph' (Joseph*, Joseph'', Joseph-, Joseph^) married, in 
1739, Elizabeth Puffer. 

Elizabeth Puffer was tbe daughter of Eleazar Puffer and Eliza- 
beth his wife, of Dorchester, Mass. She was born August 24, 
1714. Eleazar Puffer and Elizabeth Talbot, her parents, were 
married in Dorchester by " ye Rev."* Mr. John Danforth, Nov. 
27th, 1713." Eleazar Puffer was probably the son of Richard 
Puffer and Ruth Everett, who were married in Dorchester, Mass., 
by the Worshipful Joseph Dudley, Esq., March 23, 1681. 

This Richard Puffer was the son of James Puffer, and Mary 
his wife, born in Braintree, Mass., 14 March, 1658. James Puffer 
and Mary Swalden were married on the 14th December, 1655, by 
Captain Tory of "Weymouth. James Puffer was in Braintree as 
early as 1651. Ruth Everett, who was married to Richard Puffer, 
was undoubtedly the daughter of John Everett of Dedham, a son 
of Richard Everett, born in England, the ancestor of Hon. Ed- 
ward Everett, scholar, diplomatist and orator. Richard Everett 
or Everard (as the name is sometimes written) is said by tradition 
to have been a soldier in the Low Countries. Richard Everett 
had wife, Mary; they lived at Watertown, also at Dedham. 

Joseph^ Clarke is called blacksmith, and inherited something 
from his grandfather's estate. In 1742, he sold out, his uncle, 
Thomas Clarke, buying most of his estate. He went to Mendon, 
and died there about 1780, 

The children were : — 

Joseph^, b. 1739. Thomas«, b. 1742. Ichabod", b. February 1, 
1745, in Mendon. Abigail^ b. Aug. 3, 1748, in Mendon. Josiah®, 
b. May 15, 1751, in Mendon. Elizabeth^, b. May 28, 1754, in 
Mendon. James*, b. August 27, 1753, in Mendon, Ichabod^, 
(Joseph*, Joseph*, Joseph^, Joseph'^, Joseph^) married, March 28, 


1771, Phebe Sprague, daughter of Amos Sprague, of Smithfield, 
R. I. It appears that Amos Sprague was the son of Benjamin 
Sprague, Jr., and Elizabeth his wife. Benjamin Sprague, Jr., was 
Bon of Benjamin Sprague and Alice Bucklin his wife Benjamin 
Sprague was son of William, b. 1650, May 7, resident of Hing- 
ham, Mass., and of Providence, R. I. William Sprague was son 
of William, and grandson of Edward Sprague, the ancestor, a 
fuller of llpway, county of Dorset, England (Amos", Benja- 
min', Benjamin^ William', William-, Edward'). William Sprague, 
great-grandfather of Amos, and great, grcat-granrlfather of Phebe, 
who married Ichabod Clarke, was brother of Jonathan Sprague of 
Hin^-ham, Mass., Providence and Smithfield, R. I. This Jonathan 
Sprague, 1722, Feb. 23, according to Austin, "wrote a long letter 
to three prominent Presbyterian ministers in Massachusetts, viz : 
John Danforth, Peter Thatcher, and Joseph Belcher, in answer to 
one they had addressed to him and other citizens concerning the 
establishment of a church in Providence. Mr. Sprague and his 
fellow Baptists failed to see the necessity of a Presbyterian 
establishment, however, and in his letter he gave his views 
in very vigorous and unmistakable terms." 

The children of Ichabod" Clarke and Phebe his Avife, were : 
Edward'^, born June 1, 1772, in Smithfield, R. I. 
Seth", born May 13, 1775, in Mendon, Mass., married Dec. 10, 
1801, Silvia Staples, daughter of Stephen Staples, of 
Cumberland, R. I. 
Nathan'', born May 10, 1778, in Mendon, Mass. 
Lucy (or Lucinda)'', born Dec. 4, 1784, in Cumberland, mar- 
ried Jan. 7, 1798, Elijah Darling, son of Peter Darling, 
of Cumberland. 
Josiah^, born March 31, 1786. 

Captain Ichabod Clarke served in the War of the Revolution. 
He appears with the rank of Sergent on Muster and Pay Roll of 
Captain Benjamin Farrar's Company; Colonel Benjamin Hawes's 
Regiment for service at lihode Island on the Alarm given; time 
of enlistment September 27th, 1777, time of discharge, October 
29, 1777; time of service on that occasion being one month 
and five days ; it was a march to Rhode Island on a secret 


expedition (See Rhode Island service, vol. 2, p. 40, Massachueetts 
Archives.) He also served as a lieutenant and captain in the 
Continental line. He commanded a company of irregular 
mounted rangers, which he had raised for protecting farms and 
for guarding the borders of the state ; he served in the army of 
General Sullivan, protecting military stores and property; he 
was on duty at the battle of Rhode Island, August 29, 1778, and 
assisted in the evacuation of the Island. (See Yearbook of the 
American Revolution, 1893-4.) It seems that Captain Ichabod 
Clarke during the Revolutionary War, had service, not only in the 
army, but also in the navy, for his name appears ngain on the 
petition dated Boston, July 31, 1782, given by Daniel Sargent 
and others, asking that Ichabod Clarke be commissioned as 
commander of the brigantlne, " Elizabeth." The petition was 
approved in Council, July 31, 1782. (See Mass. Archives, 
vol. 172, p. 182.) The brig "Elizabeth" here mentioned as 
fitted out in 1782, was furnished with fifteen men ami with six 
guns, and was commanded by Ichabod Clarke. (See notes on 
earlv ship building in Massachusetts, communicated by Captain 
George Henry Preble, U. S. N., with "A complete list of the 
Public and Private Armed vessels belonging to Massachusetts^ 
prior to the revolution from 1636 to 1776, and of Armed vessels 
built or fitted out in Massachusetts from 1776 to 1783 inclusive, 
N. E. H. Gen. Eegister, 1871, p. 363.) It will here be re- 
membered that naval engagements continued to take place on the 
ocean during the revolutionary war until near the close of 
the year 1782 ; and that Gen. Washington did not issue the 
proclamation of peace until the 19th of April, 1783, precisely 
eight years after the battle of Lexington. Edward"" Clarke 
(Ichibod", Joseph', Joseph^ Joseph-, Joseph-, Joseph') married, 
January 1, 1797, Lurania Darling, daughter of John Darling, Jr., 
of the fourth generation in descent from Denice Darling (John^, 
SamueP, John^, Denice'), who was in Braintree, Mass., and who 
according to the ancient records of that town married Hannah 
Ffrancis 11 '""^ 3,1662. (His name is also spelled " Darley," 
in Brantree.) Denice Darling died in Mendon, January 25th, 
1717-18, aged 77 years. Edward^ Clarke (Ichabod", Joseph*, 


Joseph^ Joseph", Joseph^, Joseph^) served in the war against 
Great Britain in 1812. 

He was with General Andrew Jackson at the battle of New 
Orleans, Jan. 8, 1815. He died in Mexico, June 2, 1849. His 
wife, Mrs. Lurania Clarke, died in Cumberland, R. I., April 12, 
1857. The son * was : Seth Darling Clarke, born in Cumberland, 
R. I., April 30, 1801. He m. in 1826, Sarah Ann Salisbury, dau. 
of George W. Salisbury of Bariington, R. I. She was born June 
8, 1800, died Nov. 14, 1828 ; had child Charles, born May 22, 
1828, died Mny 8, 1829. 

He married (2), August 9, 1829, Fanny Peck, born September 
6, 1805. She was the daughter of Joel and Lucy (Fish) Peck in 
the sixth generation of Joseph Peck (Fanny*^, JoeP, David^, Na- 
thanieP, NathanieP, Joseph'), who came from Old Hingham, 
England, to Hingham, Mass., in 1638. Joseph Peck, gent., em- 
bai ked in the ship, " Diligent," at Ipswich, England, with his 
brother, the Rev. Robert Peck, a graduate of Magdalen College, 
Oxford, and honored with the degree of A.B., in 1599, and with 
that of A.M., in 1603. The Rev. Robert Peck was regarded by 
Cotton Mather as one of the great preachers of his time. It was 
at Oxford that the plan for embarking for the New World to raise 
the standard of truth and righteousness was first conceived. And 
so it was that these two biothers, though dignififed with honors 
in their own land, came here for the cause of their Lord and 
Master and for the brethren. JoeP Peck served in the Continen- 
tal line of the War of the Revolution, being a member in Captain 
Thomas Allen's Company, of Colonel Archibald Crary's Rhode 
Island Regiment, in 1777, during the campaign of General 
Spencer in that state. In 1778 he was a member of Captain Vial 
Allen's company in the command of Col. Miller. 

JoeP Peck participated in the battle of Rhode Island, August 
29, 1778 ; he was in March, 1780, with General Washington at and 
near Newport, R. I. while the French Army was there. Mr. 
Seth Dailing Clarke resided in Cumberland, in Pawtucket, and in 

•The children of Lurania by other marriage were Sophia, who married Daniel 
Jencks of Cmnberland, K. I., and Robert, who married Frances Gorton and settled in 
Pawtucket, R. I., and Maria, who married first, Washington VicKery, and eecoDd, 
Horace Arnold Sprague, who settled in Scituate, R. I. 


East Providence, R. I. He also had resided in Barrington, R. I., 
and in Seekonk, Mass. He served in somewhat different capacities, 
as school committee, surveyor, selectman, and in other town offices. 
During his earlier years he was much interested in military affairs, 
having served as lieutenant in the commands of Col. Nathaniel 
Fales and Gen. George DeWolf of Bristol, R. I., and in the State 
Militia of Massachusetts ; he was acquainted with most of the 
military men of that time. He was prominent as a Baptist, having 
united with a church of that denomination as early as 18.0, and 
subsequently united with the Baptist church at Albion, Cumber- 
land, R. I. On March 30, 1833, he joined the Baptist church at 
Pawtucket, R. I., and in 1835 the Baptist church at Seekonk, Mass., 
now East Providence, R. I., and continued his membership during 
life, that is, for upwards of 50 years. 

He was particularly noted for the productions of his gardens, 
fields and orchards. His smiling face, genial disposition, 
and kindly heart will long be remembered by those who knew 
him. He was a fit representative of his pure, devoted and 
honored ancestors. He died in East Providence, R. I., January 
28, 1885. Mrs. Clarke was also a staunch member of the Baptist 
church, having become a member in 1830. She died Dec. 21, 
1875. The sermon at the funeral of Mr. Seth Darling Clarke, that 
took place January 31, 1885, was preached by Rev. B. S. Morse, 
pastor of the Baptist Church at East Providence. The sermon 
was styled, '■'■Hible Headings for the Funeral of a Saints 

The following is an abstract of the sermon : 

II. Kings ii : 10. " So David slept with his fathers, and was 
buried in the city of Davids 

In Acts xiii : 36, we learn that this was " after he had served 
his own generation hy the will of God^ 

" Slept with their fathers " is a figure of death, used about 
thirty times in the Old Testament. 

This use ranges over about 900 years of Jewish history, from 
about 1520-1624 before Christ. 

It is used by a goodly number of different writers living in dif- 
ferent places. 

This shows that sleep as the type of death was well-known and 
popular and a beautiful figure among God's ancient people. 


" Sleep " with the added thought of " burial " is very sugges- 
tive, pleasantly suggestive — of rest — of " the rest that remaineth 
for the people of God." 

Luke viii: 41, 42, and 49-56, 

Here we pass out of the Old Testament into the Neio. We 
pass down the stream of History — of Bible Record — about 650 

Here we find Jesus, who all things knew, using the same beau- 
tiful, familiar figure of death. 

Nature was weeping and making an ado over a departed one, 
and Christ in calm and beautiful simplicity presents the thought 
that Death is a sleep, implying rest, awa/cmg, a brighter day, as a 
source of comfort, of holt/ hope, to the afflicted. How tenderly he 
says : " Weep not : She is not dead, but sleepeth^ 

The sentence, '■'-And her spirit came again,^'' implies the resur- 
rection! power of Jesus, 

John ii : 11-14, 20-26. 

Here the same figure is again used by Christ — to another com- 
pany of mourners, as a source of real and solid comfort. 

He hints his mission to earth by asserting that His mission to 
that family was to awake that f-leeper. 

Then comes the add' d doctrine of the Resurrection of the 
■Body, with all the comfurt it brings to mourning friends. Sleep, 
rest, awaking, rising, to a new day, soul, body. 

Then comes the still more comforting truth to those mourning 
sisters — to all mourning Saints, that CJirist himself is the '■'■ Hes- 
urrection " and the " Life^"" the life beyond the resurrectiofj, the 
life after the body has come forth, the glorious, spiritual, eternah 
blissful, life of body and soul, in that infinite, eternal beyond — 
beyond the veil. 

Death is a sleep, and sleep is not annihilation, for resurrection 
and life follow it. 

The ancient classics call " Sleep the brother of DeathV 

We have abundant proof that among all nations, in all ages of 
history, the prevailing belief has been that there is an active corir- 
scious existence beyond the sleep of death. 

"What is sleep? 


Not annihilation of a single atom, or force, or part of nature of 
body or mind. 

Not an absolute cessation of any of the functions and forces of 
life, or mind, not an unconscious existence, as a stone exists. 

Sleep merely unclasps the conscious connection of mind and 
body, of imagination and will, and the mi7id continuous in action 
all the while. 

The mind is active in sleep, as is abundantly proved by dreams. 
Dreams are what the mind remembers of its own activities when 
partially awake, when sleep is not sound. 

How active is the mind in sleep! Cut loose from conscious 
connection with the material, the body, how it soars a way and 
overall worlds — all existences, all combinations, real and imagined. 
How it ranges through earth, through all worlds, through the in- 
finite universe of God. How it grasps all subjects, all creations, 
real and ten thousand imaginary, unclogged, unchained, unwearied. 
With infinite scope, unlimited powers, how its movements astonish 
all our wakeful powers and effoits ! 

Sleejy the t^'pe of uncotiscious exist€7ice of annihilation! 
Never! The most lively and beautiful and instructive a.nd com- 
forting type of continued existence, conscious existence, of infinite 
powers, activities. 

Take some illustrations of mental activities when asleep : 

Miss mil, a schoolmate, solved an algebraic problem on her 
slate while asleep, which defied her skill while awake. 

Coleridge composed a 200 or 300 line poem while asleep, com- 
paring favorably with his waking poems. 

A man made preparation for his voynge, crossed the Atlantic to 
America, remained a fortnight, transacted daily business, and re- 
turned to England, in ten minutes. 

Another dreamed a long, sad life of continual conflict with a 
bitter foe, and at last was overcome by that foe, murdered and 
thrown into the cold waters of a lake. All this commenced, con- 
tinued and closed, while drops of water were thrown into his face 
and he was w aking from the sensation of a chill. 

Sleep opening to us such powers of mental activity, teaching U8 
annihilation of all our powers, unconscious slumber of the soul I 


Never ! no never 1 1 — impossible, absurd. It rather with intense 
force teaches the almost infinite activities, forces, possibilities 
of the mind, the soul, the immaterial, unclogged soul of man. 

It more than suggests the most delightful state of self-conscious 
existence and activities within the reach of our imagination, 
within the province of Bible teaching. 

No wonder, rightly understood, it has been a favorite symbol 
of death to God's children in all the ages of revelation. 

No wonder that it is said, " David slept with his fathers," that 
the child was " not dead but sleepeth," that " Lazarus was not 
dead but sleepeth," that the Martyr Stephen " fell asleep," that 
Christ presented the symbol as a comfort to mourning friends. 

Don't let us be afraid of the figure because it has been wrested 
from its true meaning and beauty, and made to teach gross and 
gloomy and repulsive error. 

Then comes, in the natural order, the blessed, comforting, 
doctrine of the resurrectio7i of the body — a spiritual body — 
like unto His gloiious body." It does not clog, like this 
material body, the soul, the activities of the mind, the range 
and siceep and grasp of immortal mind. 

Sleep^ rest, awake in the morning. Is not sleep a most beauti- 
ful, instructive, comforting figure of death ? Especially the Saint's 
death ? 

II. Cor. 15 : 20 — " But now is Christ risen from the dead and 
become the first fruits of them that slept." Tnis is a fact of his- 
tory, demonstrated beyond honest doubt. 

The " first f i uits " is the guarantee of a full future harvest. 

Hence we read : 

II. Thes. 4: 13-18. 

These verses show us that the grand, glorious, final issue of those 
who sleep in Jesus, is that God will bring them with Jesus when 
He comes the second time, all gloiious, without sin unto salvation, 
to perfect forever his work for those He has redeemed and saved. 

These sleeping saints shall be raised, awakened on the glorious 
morning, before those then living shall be changed. Then shall 
aU, all the saints " be caught up to be forever with the Lord." 

" Asleep in Jesus ! blessed Sleep ! 


From which none ever wake to weep ;" etc., etc, 
" Therefore comfort one another with these words," 
Surely the sleep of the Saints, when rightly understood, is a 
conoforting truth, a state of intense, conscious, joyous activity of 
mind, heart, spiritual body, in the presence and service of the God 
of all grace. 

Surely the resurrection of the body is a comforting doctrine to 
the dying saint and to those who mourn the departure of such to 
the world of the living. 

Surely the Life after the resurrection, the glorious, blissful, eter- 
nal Life of body and Soul through our Lord Jesus Christ, is a 
comforting truth. 

Surely being thus forever with the Lord, in the Better Land, in 
the Golden City, in Our Father's House, is a comforting doctrine. 

" Why do we mourn departing friends, 
Or shake at death's alarm ? 
'Tis but the voice that Jesus sends, 
To call them to His Arms." etc. 

" Wherefore comfort one another with these words." 

Let us all serve our generation by the will of God, that we may 
fall asleep in Jesus. 

At the close of the sermon a glowing tribute was paid to the 
memory of Mr. Clarke by the Rev. William House, late pastor of 
the old Pi*esbyterian Church at Barrington, R. I. 

The following is an outline of his eulogy : — 

Rarely am I permitted to sit among the sorrowing, and listen to 
the words of another imparting instruction and comfort to the 
bereaved. I feel it to be a privilege to be present and bear my 
humble tribute to the memory of our dear father and christian 
brother. And all the more so since I feel that the departed illus- 
trates all these gracious truths to which we have listened. He has 
been gathered to his fathers, he sleeps in Jesus, he has entered 
the future spiritual world of glorified life. He has experienced 
those joys of the true believer for which he was so well prepared. 
" And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me. Write, Blessed 
are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth : Yea, saith 


the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors ; and their works 

do follow them." 

Mr. Clarke dates his conversion to Christ as far back as 1820 
during a work of the Spirit in Barrington some 65 years ago. 
And though he subsequently united with a sister Church in East 
Providence, he always regarded the Barrington Church and people 
•with fondest Christian interest. The type of his religious charac- 
ter and life would be termed by some of our day as " old-fash- 
ioned." He was a Bible Christian. A man of prayer, and fami- 
liar with the truths of our holy religion. He was unassuming and 
child-like in his demeanor, and could most readily pass from secu- 
lar and social topics to those of a religious character with great 
ease and freedom. He was fond of prayer and social worship and 
the courts of his God, Often when calling upon him he would 
say, " Elder, you will pray with us before you go." He relished 
religious conversation and associations, and never expressed any 
fears of the future. 

And while never very robust, yet with care and simple habits of 
life, an even temperament and sustained by the grace of God, he 
attained great age, and performed much manual labor in his or- 
chard, gardens and on his farms during the very last years of his 
life and up to a, few months before his death. 

And, dear friends, so much has God put into your present cup 
of blessing that you can hardly call this affliction. Your beloved 
father and grandfather was spared to reach a good old age ; he 
was in the exercise of his faculties up to almost or quite the last 
moment of his life ; he has left you a priceless legacy of a long and 
noble Christian life. The first time that I heard him speak in a 
social meeting I was impressed that " he had been with Jesus," 
and those impressions have only deepened as the years have come 
and gone. You may grieve over the loss of his society to you, but 
for him it has been/'ar better to depart and be with Christ. And 
while you have promised grace for your sorrow, may you all so 
improve by the affliction, so live now and during the years which 
shnll follow, that you may all meet Him in the final reunion in 
heaven, even as Christ prayed (John 17). that His own might be 
with Him and behold His glory. So may it be. 


The children of Seth D. Clarke and Fanny Peck Clarke his 
wife were : — 

Clarissa Cornelia, born in Cumberland, R. I., Jan. 13, 1831. 

Augustus Peck, b. Pawtucket, R. I., Sept. 24, 1833. 

Julia Anne, b. in Seekonk, Mass., now E. Prov., R, I., May 15, 

Diana Amelia, b. in Seekonk, Mass., now E. Prov., R. I., Jan. 
21, 1841. 

George Edward, b. in Seekonk, Mass., now E. Prov., R. I., 
August 29, 1844. 

William Seth, b. in Seekonk, Mass., now E. Prov., R. I., March 
3, 1847. 

Clarissa Cornelia, m. Samuel Throope Church, Pawtucket, R. 
I,, Aug. 13, 1855. 

She died in Boston, Mass., Feb. 12, 1862. 

Samuel Throope Church was a descendant of Capt. Benjamin 
Church, a hero in the war against King Philip, the renowned In- 
dian chief. The children were : — 

Frederick Prescott, b. Sept. 21, 1856. 

Arthur Throope, b. Oct. 1, 1859, m. Lizzie S. Earle, Sept. 18, 

Julia Anne Clarke, m. Solomon Frank Searll, E. Prov., R. I. 
Nov. 3, 1863. 

She d. Sept. 6, 1865. 

The son was : — 

Frank Elmer, b. in E. Prov., R. I., March 5, 1865 ; m. Cor- 
nelia Mtrrick Chace Oct. 28, 1885. 

Diana Amelia Clarke, m. James Macutcheon, Nov. 13, 1877. 

George Edward Clarke, m. Nov. 1876, Ella Frances Chaffee, 
daughter of Joseph and Rebecca (Anthony) Chaffee. Settled in 
Seekonk, Mass. 

Their children were : — 

Charles Edward, b. in Seekonk, Mass., Jan. 8, 1884. 

Chfford P>ancis, b. Seekonk, Mass., Aug. 18, 1891, d. Sept. 15, 
1891. [twin]. 
b. , Mass., Aug. 18, 1891. [twin]. 

William Seth Clarke, m. Mar. 29, 1875, 


Emma Frances Harris, b. Aug. 24, 1857. 

The children were : — 

Florence Anna, b. in E. Prov., R, I., Dec. 4, 1876. 

Lillian Frances Clarke, b. E. Prov., April 25, 1878. 

Augustus Peck Clarke, m. Oct. 23, 1861, Mary Hannah Gray, 
dau<yhter of Gideon and Hannah Orne Gray, Bristol, R. I. Her 
father, Gideon Gray, was of the sixth generation in descent from 
Edward Gray. Gideon," (Pardon,^ Thomas,* Thomas,^ Edward,* 
Edward'), who settled in Plymouth, Mass. ; he was in Plymouth 
as early as 1643. Edward Gray is frequently mentioned in the 
old records of Plymouth. By habits of industry and good man- 
agement, says Thatcher, Edward Gray gained the reputation of 
a respectable merchant. He acquired the largest estate at that 
time in the Colony. In 1680 he purchased with seven others 
Pocasset (Tiverton R. I.), where his son Edward b. Jan, 31, 1667, 

Edward Gray m. Jan. 16, 1651, Mary Winslow. He m. (2), 
Dec. 12, 1665, Dorothy Lettice. He d. in 1681. 

The children of Augustus Peck Clarke are : 

Inez Louise, b. June 26, 1868, A. B. Radcliffe College, 1891. 
Made tour through Europe 1890, also teacher of the classics. 

Genevieve, b. Feb. 14, 1870. Made tour through Europe, 1890, 
completed her academic course at Radcliffe College, and after- 
wards pursued the study of medicine. 

Harrison Gray, b. July 22, 1872, d. March 6, 1873. 

Augustus Peck Clarke A. M., M. D,, son of Seth Darling 
Clarke and Fanny Peck Clarke was b. in Pawtucket, Providence 
County, R. I., September 24, 1833. His father Seth^ Darling 
Clarke was of the eighth generation in descent from Joseph 
Clarke (Edward,^ Ichabod," Joseph,^ Joseph,"* Joseph,' Joseph,* 
Joseph'), who with his wife Mrs. Alice (Pepper) Clarke came 
from Suffolk County, England. He was with the first settlers 
constituting the Dorchester Company that embarked at Plymouth, 
England on the 20th, of March, 1630, in the " Mary and John " a 
vessel of 400 tons, Captain Squeb, master. They had a prosperous 
voyage of seventy days and arrived at Nantasket (regarded by 


Captain Squeb at that time as the mouth of the Charles River) on 
the 30th of May, 1630, ten days in advance of the " Arbella" and 
of the other vessels comprising that distinguished fleet of eleven 
ships with more than eight^hundred emigrants. Joseph Clarke, the 
emigrant ancestor, was born in Suffolk County, England, where his 
family had long been seated. He married Alice Pepper, as already 
stated. He first settled in Dorchester, a part of which is now 
within the limits of Boston ; later he settled in Dedham, and in 
1652 "was one of the first thii-teen who undertook the settlement 
of Medfield, Mass." He is the American ancestor of a numerous 
posterity, many of whom have taken prominent part in municipal, 
legislative, judiciary, and in military affairs, and have been suc- 
cessful in business, and in promoting the welfare of the commu- 
nity. Dr. Clarke's mother, Fanny^ Peck, was of the sixth genera- 
tion in descent from Joseph Peck (JoeP, David^, NathanieP, 
NathanieP, Joseph^), who was baptized in Beccles, Suffolk 
County, England, April 30, 1587, and came in the ship "Dili- 
gent" from old Hingham, England, to Hingham, Mass., in 1688. 
Joseph Peck, the American ancestor, was a descendant in the 
twenty-first generation from John Peck of Belton, Yorkshire, 
England, knight. This family is one of great antiquity. Joseph 
Peck had a large and honorable posterity. Dr. Clarke's great 
grandfather, Captain Ichabod Clarke of the sixth generation 
of Joseph Clarke, served as a Lieutenant also as Captain in 
the War of the Revolution, and his grandfather Edward Clarke 
in the War of 1812. Dr. Clarke's maternal grandfather, Joel Peck, 
also served in the Revolutionai-y War, was with General Wash- 
ington, and participated in the battle of Rhode Island, August 27, 
1778. Dr. Clarke completed his preparatory course in the Uni- 
versity Grammar School at Providence, R. I., and entered Brown 
University in September, 1856. Received from that University 
the degree of A. M., in the class 1861 ; studied Medicine and 
received from Harvard University the degree of M.D. in the class 
of 1862. Entered the army as assistant surgeon of the Sixth New 
York Cavalry, August 1, 1861 ; served in the Peninsular Cam- 
paign conducted by General McClellan, and during the Seven 
Days Battles was taken prisoner at the battle of Savage's Station 


Va, June 29, 1862, and later was sent to Richmond, and after 
much suffering was exchanged. Promoted to the rank of surgeon 
in the Sixth New York Cavahy, May 5, 1863. At the opening 
of the campaign made by the Army of the Potomac, under the 
command of General Grant, in the winter and spring of 1864, Dr. 
Clarke was appointed Surgeon-in-chief of the Second Brigade, 
First Division, of the Cavalry Corps, whose glorious achievements 
rendered immortal the name of Philip H. Sheridan. Dr. Clarke 
was chief medical officer of that brigade until the closing cam- 
paign, which commenced early in the spring of 1865, when he was 
appointed surgeon-in-chief of the entire First Division of Cavalry. 
These arduous labors he also performed until the Division was 
disbanded, July 1, 1865. During his four years' service Dr. 
Clarke participated in upwards of eighty -two battles and engage- 
ments with the enemy. "In the hour of battle, Surgeon Clarke," 
said the Division commander, Major General Thomas C. Devin, 
to the Hon. Secretai-y of War, " was always at the front attend- 
ing to the care and the removal of the wounded, and freely periled 
his life when duty required. He was known as one of the most 
efficient officers in the Medical Staff of the Cavalry." October 20, 
1865, he was brevetted Lieutenant Colonel " for gallaiit and meri- 
torious conduct during his term of service." Immediately after 
the close of his military service in 1865, he travelled abroad and 
devoted much time in attendance at the various medical schools 
and hospitals in London, Paris, Leipzig, and in other great cen- 
tres, for the purpose of fitting himself more particularly for ob- 
stetrical, gynfecological and surgical work. In 1866, he removed 
to Cambridge, Mass , where he soon established a reputation in 
the practice of medicine, in Avhich profession he has since con- 
tinued his labors. Dr. Clarke was married in Bristol, R. I , Octo- 
ber 23, 1861, to Mary H. Gray, daughter of the late Gideon and 
Hannah Orne (Metcalf) Gray. Of this union are two daughters, 
Inez Louise and Genevieve Clarke. 

For 1871- 73 Dr. Clarke was elected to the Cambridge Com- 
mon Council, and for 1874 to the Board of Aldermen. He de- 
<;lined further municipal service. Dr. Clarke is a member of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society and has been a member of its 


council. He has been an active worker in the Gynecoloo-ical 
Society of Boston and was the president of that body in 1891 -'92 
member of the American Academy of Medicine, and of the Ameri- 
can Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and of the 
American Public Health Association. He is a member of the 
American Medical Association and a vice-president of that asso- 
ciation for 1895-'96 ; and a delegate to the British Medical Asso- 
ciation, 1890. He is one of the founders of the Cambridge Society 
for Medical Improvement, and for some years was its secretary. 
Also a member of the Ninth International Medical Congress at 
Washington, D. C, 1887 ; of the Tenth International Medical 
Congress at Berlin, Germany, 1890; of the Eleventh at Rome, 
Ijtaly, 1894 ; and of the Twelfth at Moscow, Russia, 1897 ; the mem- 
ber for Massachusetts on the Committee to organize the Pan- Amer- 
ican Medical Congress (comprising the medical profession of the 
western hemisphere), and was elected vice-president of the Con- 
gress for 1893. He is a member of the Cambridge Club and was 
the president of the Cambridge Art Circle, 1890-'91-'92. He is a 
member of the G. A. R. and of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion of the United States, and a member of its board of officers 
1895-'96 ; member of the BroAvn Alumni Assocmtion agd of the 
Harvard Medical Alumni Association. Ji.^'y ?i C" i / /.J 

After the close of the Medical Congress in Berlin Dr. Clarke, 
accompanied by his wife and two daughters, resumed his travels, 
through other parts of Germany, through Austria, Italy, Switzer- 
land, France, Belgium, and Holland. He also made an extended 
tour through the British Isles, including London and Edinburgh. 
In the various capitals through which he passed he visited most of 
the hospitals, and the centres for art, and places for improvement 
generally. Dr. Clarke has visited many important sections of his 
own country, and also of the Canadas, and has learned much in re- 
gard to the hospitals and methods of practice. 

The following are the titles of some of the papers Dr. Clarke 
has contributed : 

" Series of Histories of Wounds and other Injuries, " Medical 
and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 1865. 

" Cases of Tracheotomy," Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 


" Cases of Puerperal Peritonitis," 1868. 

" Cases of Strangulated Hernia operated upon Antiseptically," 

"Perforating Ulcer of the Duodenum," Boston Medical and 
Surgical Journal, 1881. 

"Removal of Intra-TJterine Fibroids," Ibid., 1882. 

" Cerebral Erysipelas," Ibid., 1883. 

" Hemiplegia," Journal American Medical Association, 1884, 

"Uterine Displacements," Ibid., 1S84. 

"Obstinate Vomiting of Pregnancy," Ibid., 1885. 

"Vascular Growths of the Female Meatus, Urinarius," Medical 
Press and Circular, London, England, 1887, and Transactions of 
the Ninth International Medical Congress, 1887. 

" Pathogenic Organisms," Journal of the American Medical 
Association, 1883. 

" Rabies and Hydrophobia," Ibid, 1883. 

" Fracture of the Cervical Vertebrae," Ibid., 1884. 

"Induced Premature Labor," Ibid., 1885. 

"Rennl Calculi," Ibid., 1885. 

" Pelvic Celluhtis," Ibid., 1886. 

"■ Early and Repeated Tapping in Ascites," Ibid., 1886. 

"Abortion for Uncontrollable Vomiting of Pregnancy," Ibid., 
1888, and the Archives of Gynecology, 1888. 

" Antepartum Hour-Glass Constriction of the LTterus," 
Journal American Medical Association, 1888. 

" Chronic Cystitis in the Female," Ibid., 1890, and American 
Journal of Obstetrics, 1889. 

" Treatment of Certain Cases of Salpingitis," Transactions of 
{he American Association Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 1888. 

" Management of the Perineum During Labor," Ibid., 1889, 
and American Journal of Obstetrics, 1889. 

" Rapid Dilatation of tlie Cervix Uteri," Transactions Gyneco- 
logical Society, Boston, 1889, 

"Faradism in the Practice of Gynecology," Ibid., 1889. 

" The Treatment of Placenta Pra?via," Medical Times and 
Register, 1890, Journal American Medical Association, 1890, and 
American Journal of Obstetrics, 1890. 


" Adherent Placenta, its Causes and Management," Transactions 
Am. Assoc. Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 1890, and Am. Jour- 
nal Obstetrics, 1890. 

" On the Importance of Early Recognition of Pyosalpinx as 
a cause of Suppurative Pelvic Inflammation," Transactions of 
the Tenth International Medical Congre.>s, Berlin, IS'jQ, published 
also in the German language in the Deutschen Medicinischen 
Wochenschrift, Berlin, 1891, and in the Centralblatt fiir Gynekolo- 
gie, Leipzig (Germany), 1890, and the Am. Journal Obstetrics, 
N. Y. 1890. 

"On the Tenth Internation;-.! Medical Congress at Berlin," 
Journal American Medical Association, 1890. 

Letter on the Journal of the American Medical Association 
Ibid., 1891. 

" The Influence of the Position of the Patient in Labor in 
Causing Uterine Inertia and Pelvic Disturbances," Journnl Am. 
Med. Assoc, 1891, and Archives of Gynaecology, 1891 ; also 
noticed in the Medical Press and Circular, London, England, 1891. 

" Some of the Lesions Induced b}^ Typhoid P'ever," Journal 
Am. Med. Assoc, 1891. 

"Parametritis, its Etiology and Pathology," Journal of Gyn- 
aecology, 1891. 

" A Certain Class of Obstetric Cases in which the Use of For- 
ceps is Imperatively Demanded," Journal Am. Med. Assoc, 1891, 
and the Maryland Med. Journal, 1891. 

" Some Points in the Surgical Treatment for the Radical Cure 
of Hernia," Journal Am. Med. Assoc, 1891. 

"Post-Partum Haemorrhage; its Etiology and Management," 
Transactions Am. Assoc. Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, 1891. 

" Origin and Development of Modern Gynaecology," Journal 
American Medical Association, 1892, and the American Gynaeco- 
logical Journal, 1892. 

" On The Importance of Surgical Treatment for Laceration of 
the Cervix Uteri," Journal American Medical Association, 1892, 
and the American Gynaecological Journal, 1892, etc., etc. 

" Diet in its Relation to the Treatment and Prevention of 
Disease," Journal American Medical Association, 1892. 


Annual address before The Cambridge Art Circle, Dec., 1890, 
Cambridge Tribune, 1890. 

Annual address before the same society, 1891, Cambridge 
Tribune, 1892. 

" Some Points in a Recent European Tour," read before 
the Cambridge Art Circle, 1891, Cambridge Press, 1891. 

Also other addresses, essays, and papers from time to time 
read before the Cambridge Art Circle and other special associa- 

" The Advantages of Version in a Certain Class of Obstetric 
Cases," American Journal of Obstetrics, 1892, and the New York 
Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 1892, and the Transac- 
tions of the American Association of Obstetricians and Gynecolo- 
gists, 1892. 

"Vesico- Vaginal Fistula ; its Etiology and Treatment," Journal 
American Medical Association, 1893, and International Journal 
of Surgery, 1893. 

"A Consideration of Some of the Operative Measures Em- 
ployed in Gynecology," Journal of the American Medical Associa- 
tion, 1893. "Puerperal Eclampsia; its Causation and Treat- 
, ment," American Gynecological Journal, 1893, and Transactions 
of the American Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 

"Some Points in the Surgical Treatment of Appendicitis," 
The Canada Medical Record, 1893, and the Transactions of the 
Pan-American Medical Congress, 1893. 

" On the Value of Certain Methods of Surgical Treatment for 
Chronic Procidentia Uteri," Annals of Gynaecology and Pediatry, 
1893, and Transactions of the Pan-American Medical Congress, 

" On the Relation of Pelvic Suppuration to Uterine Disease," 
Transactions of the Eleventh International Medical Congress, 
Rome, Italy, 1894 ; and an abstract published in the Annali di 
Obstetricia E. Ginecologia, Milan, Italy, 1894, and in the Gazette 
Hebdomadaire et Mercredi Medical, Paris, France, 1894. 

"The Pan-American Medical Congress," Trans. Gyn. Soc, 
BoBton, 1893. 


" Some Observations Respecting Tubo-Ovarian Disease," Amer- 
ican Gynecological Jomnal, 1893. 

" A Visit to Pompeii and to Vesuvius," Cambridge Chronicle 

"A Cavalry Surgeon's Experiences in the Battles of the Wilder- 
ness," the United Service Magazine, 1894. 

" Closing Battle of the Late War," Cambridge Tribune, May 
30, 1884. 

"Tribute (poem) to Dr. Morrill Wyman on the Occasion of 
the Fiftieth Anniversary of his Practice," Cambridge Pi-ess, 

" Tribute (poem) to the Memory of Dr. John B. Taylor," Cam- 
bridge Daily and the Cambridge Chronicle, 1889. 

" Opthalmia Neonatorum," Journal of the American Medical 
Association, 1894. 

" The Treatment of Fibro-Myoma of the Uterus," Annals of 
Gynascology and Paediatry, 1894. 

" Recto- Vaginal Fistula ; its Etiology and Surgical Treat- 
ment," Journal American Medical Association, 1894. 

" Bacteria, Bacillus, Coccus, Micrococcus ; how their Intoxica- 
tion May be Accelerated," (poem), on occasion of the 25th Anni- 
versary of the Cambridge Society for Medical Improvement, Cam- 
bridge Tribune, July 8, 1893. 

" The Address of Welcome," at the graduating exercises of the 
fourteenth anuiversaiy of the College of Physieians and Sur- 
geons, Boston, Mass., the Journal of the American Medical 
Association, July 14, 1894. 

" On the Relation of Hysteria to Structural Changes of the 
Uterus and its Adnexa," Trans. Am. Assoc. Obstet. and Gynecol., 
1894, and the American Jour, of Obstetrics, 1894, and the Annals 
of Gynaecology and Paadiatry, 1894. 

" The Importance of the State Government Control of Artificial 
Agencies that may be productive of Noises," Journal of Am. 
Med. Assoc, 1895. 

"Indications for Total Hysterectomy," ibid., and Annals of 
Gynaecology and Paediatry, 1895, and the Canada Med. Record, 
Montreal, 1895. 


"The Relation of Pelvic Suppuration to Structural Changes 
that may Occur in the Fallopian Tubes," Trans. Am. Assoc. 
Obstet. and Gynecol., 1896,and the Am. Jour, of Obstetrics, 1895. 

"Degenerative Changes that Occur in Uterine Fibro-Myoma- 
tous Growths," Jour. Amer. Med. Assoc, 1896. 

" The Methods of Drainage now Prevailing in some of Our 
Eastern Municipalities Tending to the Production and Dissemina- 
tion of Disease," Jour. Amer. Med. Assoc, 1896. 

"A Consideration of the Value of the Alexander Operation 
Compared with that by Anterior Fixation of the Uterus," Jour. 
Amer. Med. Assoc, 1896. 

" Le Traitement Chu-urgical du Fibro-Myome Uterin," Trans. 
Twelfth International Medical Congress, Moscow, Russia, 1897. 

Author of " A Book of Poem?," including " Light of Evolution" 
and other original poems, 1896. 


flf^MS OF Dflf^LiUMG. 

The arms of Darling that are emblazoned on the opposite page 
were furnished the author by Mr. Henry Gray of London, from 
his large genealogical collection. The following is the description: 

Per fesse crenelle azure and gules, in chief a lion passant argent, 
and in base two faulchions in saltire, argent, hilt and pommels or, 
on a canton ermine, a mural crown or, suspended therefrom by a 
ribbon gules edged azure, the Corunna medal gold. 

Out of a mural crown or, a dexter arm embowed in armour 
proper sustaining an inescutcheon gules, thereon two faulchions in 
saltire as in the Arms, encircled by the ribbon and medal of 


DAf^lilJ^G GEJSlEflliOGY. 

Braintree, Mass., was incorporated in 1640. From its record 
it appears that Denice Darly (Darling) was married to Hannah 
Ffrancis, 11 mo. 3, 1662, by Peter Brackett. In Braintree there 
was also a John Darlin (Darling) perhaps brother of Denice. 
This John Darling was married to Elizabeth Dowman, 3 mo. 13, 
1664 by Captain Hubbart. This is the earUest record of Denice 
Darling in Braintree. He may also have been brother of George 
Darling of Lynn, 1650-1670. The children of Denice Darling 
and Hannah Ffrancis his wife were : — 

Cornelius, b. 1 mo. 4, 1663 in Braintree ; d. 3 mo. 1668. 

John, b. 2 Sept., 1664, in Braintree. 

Sarah, b. January 26, 1669, in Braintree. 

Hannah, b. June 14, 1677, in Braintree. 

Ebenezer, b. January 8, 1679 in Mendon. 

Daniel, b. AprU 23, 1682, in Mendon. 

Elizabeth, b. July 2, 1685 in Mendon. 

Benjamin, b. Feb. 11, 1687, in Mendon, 

Daniel lived on the East Road which extended from Milville to 
Chestnut Hill ; Benjamin, on a farm of his own, consisting of a 
large tract of land situated in what has since been called the town 
of Blackstone. This farm was on what was called the North 
Road. John Darling was designated as Captain John Darling, 
which title he acquired in military service against the Indians in 
King Philip's War. There is a record that John Darling was 
credited at the Garrison at Chelmsford, January 25, 1675-6, for 
00-09-04. (See Hist, of King Philip's War). John was a carpen- 
ter by trade ; he became a great business man ; he was granted a 
house lot of ten acres and admitted as freeman. He subsequently 
became a great landed proprietor. He gave his eldest son (Sam- 
uel) by his third wife a farm of 200 acres in Millville, on the North 


Road to Chestnut Hill. The Darlings from the first to within a 
recent period have held most of the land, and all the water power 
along the Blackstone River. The first wife of Captain John Dar- 
ling was Elizabeth Thompson, connected with a family of 
Thompsons in Mendon and Blackstone. She died April 3, 1687. 
Captain Darling's second wife was Anne. Had a daughter Anne, 
b. April 20, 1689. She married Samuel Brown, Oct. 8, 1708. 
Captain John Darling's second wife, Anne, died April 30, 1690. 
John Darling married (3) Elizabeth Morse, born 1668. She was 
descendant in the fourth generation of Samuel Morse (SamueP, 
Joseph'-, Samuel'), who was born in England, 1585. He came to 
America in 1635, bringing with him his wife and seven children. 
He Hved at first in Watertown, then in Dedham, and settled in 
Medfield. From this family have sprung many distinguished 
sons and daughters. The children of John Darling (by his 3d 
wife) were : — 

Elizabeth, b. Jan. 3, 1692. 

Samuel, b. March 18, 1693-4. 

Ruth, b. Sept. 2(i, 1695. She m. Jan. 5, 1716, Thomas Thayer 
of Mendon. 

Hannah, b. Nov. 1, 1697 ; m. Jan. 5, 1715, Thompson. 

Margaret, b. August 19, 1700 ; m. French. 

Ebenezer, b. March, 2, 1701-2. 

Mary (Maryban), b. May 22, 1704 ; m. Draper. 

Martha, b. March 10, 1705-6; m. Benjamin Thompson. 

Abigail, b. July 14, 1711. 

Deborah, b. Jan. 8, 1713 ; m. March 30, 1732, Daniel Wheelock. 

The loill of John Darling of Bellingham, proved 1753, is in the 
Record books 10478 ; —48—198, Suffolk Co., Mass. 

John Darling mentions in his will his sons John, Samuel, and 
Ebenezer ; he mentions Anne Brown, daughter to his child Eliza- 
beth Brown, deceased ; the children of Ruth Thayer, deceased ; 
daughters of Hannah Thompson, and the children of Margaret 
French, deceased; his daughter Mary Draper; his daughter 
Martha Thompson ; daughter Abigail Verry ; the children of his 
daughter Deborah Bosworth, deceased. His son Samuel Darling 
was made sole executor (Suffolk Wills, Boston, Mass.). 


Captain John Darling headed the petition of twenty or more 
signers for the setting off of land for the town of Bellingham ; 
this led to the incorporation of Bellingham in 1719. John Darling 
purchased the estate at " Crooks's Tavern," which was situated 
in the north part of Bellingham ; this had previously been called 
the " Esquire Bates's Place," or " Beujamin Hall Farm." It em- 
braced an extensive tract of land. Captain John Darling died in 
Bellingham ye 29 of May, 1753, in the 90th year of his age. 
None of his descendants, as it was with the children of Israel's 
great Captain, knew the exact locality in which he was buried. 
It is highly probable that his grave was in the old pine grove not 
far from where he had established that charming seat for his 
remaining days. 

John Darling deeded three tracts of land in old Mendon to 
Thomas Stanford, September 9, 1722. The land so conveyed by 
deed was on the " ten rod road to Boston." John Darling was 
granted the 26th of ye third month, 1684, a ten-acre lot, and 
another the " Doublet lot " of forty acres. He had choice to pay 
for it " by three pounds and ten shillings sterling, in work, or in 
good pay." 

Vol. 33, Page 113, New England Hist, and Gen. Register 
says that " John' Thompson, of Mendon, Mass., a large land- 
holder, who held various offices of trust there, among others 
that of selectman, had David-, b. in Mendon, May 24, 1687, by 
wife Mercy Thayer; David^ b. Dec. 2, 1711, d. 1757, by wife 
Lydia Darling; David*, b. July 1, 1750, d. April 10, 1815; and 
Willis Alder', whose f. was born at Mendon, Feb. 19, 1779, died 
in Springfield, Oct. 13, 1864, a millwright, extensively engaged in 
erecting mills and placing machinery, who m. in 1802, Armille, 
second daughter of Israel Aldrich, a lineal descendant of George 
Aldricb, one of the first settlers of Mendon. There is a tradition 
among Mr. Thompson's kindred, that they are descended from 
David Thompson, from whom Thompson's Island, in Boston 
Harbor, received its name, and there is some reason for thinking 
this tradition may be correct. If so, John Thompson above must 
have been his son. David Thompson obtained in 1619 a grant or 
*' patent " of an island in Boston Harbor, " for the peaceable and 


quiet possession of said island to him and his heirs forever." In 
1623 he began a plantation at Piscataqua, but becomino- dissatis- 
fied, he came to Massachusetts Bay and took possession of his 
island in Boston Harbor, which although it has been owned and 
occupied by the Farm-School Company for many years, still 
retains the name of 'Thompson Island's.' Soon after takiuo- 
possession of the island he died, leaving a son John, who on 
becoming of age, filed a petition in court for the possession of 
' Thompson Island's,' which was claimed by Dorchester as be- 
longing in common to that town. After a full hearing, his claim 
was allowed. It is possible that this John Thompson settled 
in Mendon." 

SamueP Darling (John-, Denice') married Dec, 5, 171G, Mary 
Thompson of Mendon. At this time Samuel Darling is recorded 
as a resident of Dedham. This was before the incorporation of 
Bellingham, which was set off in part from Dedham. The 
children were : — 

Samuel, b. January 19, 1719. 

Michael, b. 1722. 

Elizabeth, b. January 31, 1725. 

Ruth, b. July 3, 1728. 

Abigail, b. Feb. 15, 1731. 

John, b. April 29, 1733. 

Kachael, b. June 11, 1735. 

Penelope, b. , 1737. 

Joshua, b. Nov. 20, 1739. 

His wife Mary d. before her husband. 

He aftei-ward m. Mrs. Thomasin Ellis a widow. The will of 
Samuel Darling is dated 1774 and is found in Suffolk Wills, 
Boston, Mnss. The will is numbered 15,616. The will found in 
vol. 73, page 569, is that of Samuel Darling of Bellingham (then 
a part of Suffolk Co.). He gives to his beloved wife Thomasin 
(Ellis) (not his first wife) two cows over and above the contract 
which was mutually agreed upon before marriage. He gives to 
his three sons, Samuel, Michael, and John, all his land on the 
south side of the lands whieh he gave to his son Joshua Darling. 
He gives to his son Joshua all his homestead lands lying to the 


north of the land he had given him by a deed, with all the build- 
ings thereon. He gave unto his beloved daughter Penelope Dar- 
linar a share. His five daughters are mentioned viz. : — Elizabeth, 
Ruth Pitts, Abigail Draper, Rachael Darling and Penelope Dar- 
ling. His son Samuel Darling is made sole executor. Probate 
and letters. Warrant for an inventory. Proved Boston, April 
15, 1774. On a little reflection this disposition of his property 
will appear to be a just one, for his second wife, Mrs. Thomasin 
Ellis, had seven children. Had he married her without an agree- 
ment as to the final disposition of his estate, his dutiful and 
respectable children would have suffered loss in their rightful 
share of his property. 

His son SamueP (SamueP, John^, Denice^), married January 20, 
1755, Esther Slack of Attleborough. The marriage took place in 
Cumberland. Nathaniel Cook, elder, officiated. It is recorded in 
Cumberland, R. I., Feb. 2, 1764, and witnessed by John Cook, 
Town Clerk. Their children were : — 

Joshua, b. Dec. 27, 1756. 

Samuel, b. August 8, 1759. 

Benjamin, b. July 4, 1761. 

Reuben, b. April 12, 1763. 

Esther, b. Sept. 1, 1765. 

Olive, b. June 30, 1769. 

Ziba, b. Sept. 19, 1767. 

Nathan, b. May 10, 1770. 

Lucy, b. August 15, 1772. 

Sarah, b. April 25, 1774. 

Rhoda, b. Sept. 24, 1776. 

John Darling*, son of Samuel (SamueP, John^, Denice^), settled 
in Cumberland, R. I. He mamed Martha (or Margaret, as it is 
sometimes written,) Cooke. He was called John Darling, junior, 
in the Cumberland records, because there was another John Dar- 
ling who was somewhat older. This John Darling was son of 
Ebenezer (Ebenezer^, John^ Denice^), and Abigail Darling born 
in BelUngham, Nov. 7, 1729. This John DarUng, son of Ebenezer, 
married Anne Jilson of Cumberland. The publishment of their 
marriage was in Bellingham, April 5, 1755, and their marriage 


took place in Cumberland, Dec. 4, 1755. They had eleven chil- 
dren. The names of these two John Darlings have occasionally 
been confounded. For the correctness of my data given here I 
have before me the records of Cumberland and of Bellingham 
relating to their publishments and to their marriages. 

John Darling^ son of SamueP, (John^ Denice^), married Feb. 
23, 1748-9, Margaret Cooke, then living in Smithfield, R. I. The 
publishment of the intended marriage was made Feb. 2, 1748, in 
Mendon, where John Darling resided. " Margery," " Margaret," 
or " Martha," as her name has variously been written, was a 
descendant of Walter Cooke\ who was a resident in Weymouth, 
Mass., in 1643, and who was admitted freeman in 1653. 

Among his sons were : — 


Walter-, died January 5, 1695. 



Walter^ Cook m. Catherine, Feb. 3, 1659. He removed to 
Mendon, Mass., in 1663. He had SamueP, John\ Nicholas", Eliza- 
beth" ; Elizabeth m. Peter Aldrich. 

SamueP (Walter Walter'), m. Lydia. He Uved on the Mendon 
road near the Rhode Island line ; he was a mason by trade. The 
children were : — 

Experience'', b. July 5, 1682. 

Ebenezer^ b. Oct. 28, 1684. 

LydiaS b. March 18, 1687. 

Hannah^ b. Sept. 29, 1695. 

SamueP, b. July 11, 1698. 

Walter*, b. March 18, 1701. 

John-, (Walter' Cook) m. Naomi Thayer : he lived in Uxbridge, 
Mass., and had : — 

John^ b. Jan. 27, 1685. 

Jonathan^, b. Feb. 27, 1686. 

Catherine'^ b. Aug. 3, 1687. 

Naomi^ b. March 13, 1693. 

Nicholas^ (Walter' ) m. Joanna Rockwood ; he lived in what is 
now Blackstone. 


The children were : — 

Joeiah" Cook, b. Aug. 29, 1685, 

Nicholas^b. June 10, 1687. 

Johannah^ b. Feb. 13, 1689. 

Mary3, b. Oct. 9, 1690. 

Ann'', b. March 4, 1695. 

DanieP, b. Aug. 18, 1703. 

David'^b. Nov. 15, 1705. 

AbigaiF, b. Oct. 4, 1707. 

Noah', b. 1710, d. 1771. 

Ebenezer^ (Samuel'', Walter, Walter^) Cooke, m. first, Huldah 
Hay ward. 

They lived where the " Social " has been. He later, after dispos- 
ing of his estate to the Arnolds, removed to what is now called 
Burrillville. The children were : — 

Sarah^ b. July 24, 1711. 

Elijah-', b. April 5, 1713. 

Benjamin^, b. June 5, 1715. 

Elisha^ b. April 21, 1717. 

HuWah^ b. Oct. 26, 1719. 

Ebenezer\ b. June 15, 1722. 

Ebeuezer^, m. second, Experience. 

The children by the second marriage were : — 

Nicholas\ b. Dec. 10, 1727. 

Amos^ b. Sept. 9, 1732. 

Experience^, b. Sept. 8, 1734. 

SamueP, b. Oct. 8, 1735. 

Silas', b. Aug. 8, 1736. 

Sarah^ b. Dec. 10, 1740, 

Dorcas^, b. June 26, 1746, 

Walter^ (Samuel', Walter-, Walter^) Cook married Margaret 

The children were : — 

Ichabod^, b. Oct. 15, 1727. 

Merc/,b. Oct. 31, 1728. 

RacheP, b. Oct. 23, 1730. 

Margery'', b. Aug. 18, 1734. 


Hannah', b. Sept. 18, 1743. 

John^ Darling, Jr., (SamueF, John-, Denice^) after some years 
removed to Cumberland, R. I., where he had by his wife (" Mar- 
gery," "Margaret," or " Martha," as her name has been differently 
written) : 

Parmelia', b .Oct. 5, 1766. 

Martha', b, Sept. 14, 1768. 

John^, b. August 12, 1770. 

Ziuranicu', b. Jan. 2, 1772. 

James', b. Aug. 20, 1773. 

Gideon^, b. Nov. 5, 1777. 

Joshua', b. March 5, 1781. ^ 

Jacob", b. Feb. 14, 1785. 

Lurania' Darling (John^, SamueP, John-, Denice^) married. 
January 1, 1797, Edward' Clarke (Ichabode, Joseph"', Joseph* 
Joseph', Joseph'-, Joseph^). 

Deacon Peter" Darling of Cumberland was son of Benjamin of 
Mendon and Mehetabel (Benjamin-, Denice^) b. June 12, 1720. 
He had large estates. The late Seth Darling Clarke spoke of him 
as a man who was held in much esteem. He d. May 16, 1818, 
aged nearly 98 years; his will was admitted June 20, 1818. He 
was buried in the cemetery near the Old Ballon Meeting House 
in Cumberland. The children of tliis Peter'^ Darling and his wife 
Priscilla were : 

Stephen^ b. May 6, 1750; d. Oct. 11, 1756. 

Richard^ b. Sept. 16, 1753; d. Oct. 7, 1756. 

Peter^, b. in Cumberland, Aug. 22, 1757; m. Jan. 1, 1778, 
Jerusha, d. of SamueP Darling of Bellingham and Esther Slack of 
Attleboro, who were m. Jan. 20, 1755 (SamueP, John^, Denice^), 
Peter* was a soldier in R. I. troops, 1776 he d. Nov. 13, 1796. 
Jerusha Darling, the soldier's widow, admin, estate, val. only 

The children of the above named Peter' Darling and Anne his 
second wife were : 

Darius, b. May 21, 1769, 

Luke, b. July 21, 1770. 

Anne, b. August 2, 1771 ; d. March 1, 1772. 

Elijah, b. July 10, 1773. 


Benjamin, b. July 23, 1774. 

Joanna, b. Jan. 3, 1776. 

Peter'' Darling by the m. of bis second wife, " Anno," " Anna," 
or " Hannah " Cooke, who was sister to " Margery," " Margaret," 
or " Martha" before mentioned, became great uncle or " old uncle," 
to Seth Darling Clarke. The m. of Peter's son Elijah to Lucy 
Clarke, dau. of Ichabod Clarke and sister to Edward Clarke, con- 
ferred upon Peter^ Darling the same title of " great uncle." 
(George Darling of Lynn, 1650-'70 had Josej'h, b. March, 1667, 
was of Marl)lehead, 1674 ; had also Lewis and Dana). John of Fair- 
field, m. Eliza, d. of James Beers the first. 

The other persons in Cumberland by the name of Darling were 
the children of Joseph Darling and Bathsheba his wife : 

Bathsheba, b. Jan. 30, 1752. 

Phebe,b.Dec. 10, 1753. 

Ebenezer, b. Jan. 2, 1760. 

Lucy, b. July 3, 1764. 

The next is from the burying ground of the Old Ballon Meeting 
House, so called. " In memory of Mr. James Darling, who died 
November, 1770, in the 25tli year of his age." Mr. P. F. Kinion, 
Town Clerk of Cumberland, has kindly furnished me with the 
following lists of marriages : — 

Timotliy Darling and Ruth Darling, both of Cumberland, were 
joined in matrimony July 9th, 1750, by ISTathan Cook, Elder. Re- 
corded February 2, 1764, John Dexter, Town Clerk. 

John Darling of Bellingham and Anne Jillson of Cumberland, 
were married December 4, 1755, by Nathan Cook, Elder. Record- 
ed Feb. 2, 1764, by John Dexter, Town Clerk. 

Samuel Darling and Esther Slack, the one of Bellingham, the 
other of Attleborough, were married January 20, 1755, by Nathan 
Cook, Elder. Recorded Feb. 2nd, 1764, by John Dexter, Town 

Joseph Darling and Bathsheba Curran, both of Cumberland, 
were married August 26, 1750, by Samuel Bartlett, Justice of the 
Peace. Recorded April 3, 1765. Witness John Dexter, Town 

Peter Darling and Anna Cooke were married June 12, A. D. 


1768 by Nathaniel Cook, Elder. Recorded Feb. 17, 1769, by 
John Dexter, Town Clerk. 

I hereby certify that Peter Darling, Esq., son of Richard Dar- 
ling and Amey Wilkinson, daughter of Jeremiah Wilkinson, both 
of Cumberland, were lawfully joined together in marriao-e in 
Cumberland on the 20th day of August, 1772, by me, Abner Ballou, 
Elder. Recorded Feb. 20, 1773, by John Dexter, Town Clerk. 

I do hereby certify that Elias* Darling of Cumberland, son of 
John Darling, and Nancy Alexander of said Cumberland, daugh- 
Ut of Anna Allison was (were) lawfully joined together in 
marriage on the thii'ty-first day of December, Annoque Domini 
1789, by me, Simon Wilkinson, Justice of the Peace. Recorded 
Jan. 30, 1790. John Dexter, Town Clerk. 

I hereby certify that Benjamin Darling of Bellingham and Celina 
Clark of Wrentham was (were) lawfully joined together in 
marriage at Cumberland on the 23 day of March, A. D. 1794, by 
me, Jotham Carpenter, Justice of the Peace. Recorded March 24, 

1794, per Jotham Carpenter, Town Clerk. 

I hereby certify that Mr. John Darling, Jun., son of Mr. John 
Darling, and Mrs. Ester (Esther) Mason, daughter of Mr. Timothy 
Mason, both of Cumberland, were lawfully joined together in 
marriage at said Cumberland on the 18th day of October, A.D. 

1795, by me, Jotham Carpenter, justice of the Peace. Recorded 
October 18, 1795, per Jotham Carpenter, Town Clerk. 

I hereby certify that Mr. Ziba Darling of Bellingham and Mrs. 
Diana Freeman, widow, of Cumberland was (were) lawfully 
joined together in marriage at Cumberland on the 24th day of 
July, A. D. 1796, by me, Jotham Carpenter, Justice of the Peace. 
Recorded July 27, A. D. 1796, Jotham Carpenter, Town Clerk. 

I hereby certify that Mr. Elijah Darling, son of Peter Darling, 
Esq., and Mrs. Lucy Clark, daughter of Mr. Ichabod Clarke, both 
of Cumberland, were lawfully joined together in marriage at said 
Cumberland, on the seventh day of January, A. D. 1798, by me 
Jotham Carpenter, justice of the Peace. Recorded January 7, 
A. D. 1798, by Jotham Carpenter, Town Clerk. 

* Elias Darling was a son of John Darling, Jr., and Martha (or Margaret) his 
wife, though not mentioned in the record ot Cumberland births. The John Darling, 
Jr., mentioned in this note is the John Darling, father of John Darling, Jun., re- 
corded in the lines nineteen and twenty of the text above. 


I hereby certify that Mr. Benjamin Darling, son of Peter 
Darling, Esq., and JMrs. Lavina Jillson, daughter of Mr. Nathan 
Jillson, and both of Cumberland was (were) lawfully joined 
together in said Cumberland on the 18th day of November, A. D. 
1778, by me, Jotham Carpenter, Justice of the Peace. Recorded 
December 1, 1798. Attest, Jotham Carpenter, Town Clerk. 

The following record relating to the Darlings of Mendon was 
kindly furnished me by Mr. David Adams, town clerk of Mendon : 

Samuel Darling of Dedhani and Mary Thompson of Mendon, 
married Dec. 5, 1716. 

John Thayer and Abigail Darling, both of Mendon, married 
July 27, 1727. 

Daniel Darling of Mendon and Mary Hunt of Smithfield, mar- 
ried September 7, 1732. 

Daniel Wheelock of Uxbridge and Deborah Darling of Mendon, 
jnarried March 30, 1732. 

Benjamin Meadberry of Smithfield and Elizabeth Darling of 
Mendon, married December 8, 1748. 

Thomas Darling and Rachael White, both of Mendon, married 
December 14, 1749. 

Benjamin Darling and Susanna White, both of Mendon, married 
April 17, 1 760. 

Stephen Daiiing and Prudence White, both of Mendon, married 
December 25, 1760. 

Peter Holbrook of Uxbridge and Lydia Darling of Mendon, 
married May 27, 1761. 

Noble Boggs of Uxbridge and Mary Darling of Mendon, mar- 
ried November 30, 1768. 

Jeptha Clarke and Rhoda Darling of Mendon, married Decem- 
ber 1, 1768. 

Thomas Seaben of Uxbridge and Sarah Darling of Mendon? 
married December 22, 1768. 

Stephen Hilyard and Joanna Darling, both of Mendon, married 
April 13, 1769. 

Elijah Darling and Sarah Washburn, both of Mendon, married 
April 13, 1769. 

John Plunt, a transient person, and Deborah Darling of Men- 
don, married November 8, 1770. 


Reuben Holbrook and Rachael Darling, both of Mendon, 
married March 27, 1777. 

Joseph Enos of Smithfield and Jemima Darling of Mendon, 
married March 11, 1779. 

Benjamin Carvell and Anna Darling, both of Mendon, married 
September 6, 1779. 

James Albee of Uxbridge and Rachael Darling of Mendon, 
married Feb. 1, 1787. 

Pelatiah Darling, Jr., and Phila Taft, both of Mendon, married 
July 22, 1790. 

John Darling, Jr., and Polly Warfield, both of Mendon, mar- 
ried June 3, 1790. 

John Darling and Elizabeth Warfield, both of Mendon, married 
Jan. 20, 1791. 

Nathan Darling and Polly Young, both of Mendon, married 
April 6, 179-1. 

Benson Darling and Lois Albee, both of Mendon, married 
Nov. 29, 1798. 

Daniel Darling and Patience Aldrich, both of Mendon, married 
June 20, 1799. 

Daniel Darling and Hannah Aldrich, both of Mendon, married 
April 9, 1801. 

David Buxton of Smithfield and Philadelphia Darling of Men- 
don, married Dec. 30, 1804. 

Seth Darling of Wrentham and Susannah Clarke of Mendon, 
married Jan. 2, 1814. 

John Darling and Laura Anderson, both of Mendon, married 
April 6, 1817. 

Jesse Darling and Sally Gatchell, both of Mendon, married 
Aug. 16, 1818. 

James Darling and Mary Seargent, both of Mendon, married 
April 1, 1820. 

Samuel DarHng and Sylvia Taft, both of Mendon, married 
Oct. 1, 1820. 

Atwood Cady and Urana Darling, both of Mendon, married 
Aug. 18, 1822. 

Abraham Cocker and Deborah Darling, both of Mendon. mar- 
ried May 16, 1824. 


Daniel F. Darling and Lucy Kilburn, both of Mendon, married 
Aug. 22, 1824. 

John Pickering of Mendon and Freelove Darling of Smithfield, 
married Sept. 3, 1823. 

Jonathan W. Thayer and Polly Darling, both of Mendon, mar- 
ried Dec. 11, 1823. 

Charles D. Hudson of Northbridge and Sally Darling of Men- 
don, married Sept. 15, 1825. 

Lewis Darling and Betsey Handy, both of Mendon, mai-ried 
April 11, 182G. 

Samuel Darling and Sarah White, both of Mendon, intend mar- 
riage, date April 1, 1746. 

David Burthen of Uxbridge and Elizabeth Darling of Mendon, 
intend marriage, date Aug. 16, 1746. 

Joseph Albee of Uxbridge and Ruth Darling of Mendon, intend 
marriage, date , 1744. 

John Darling of Mendon and Margaret Cook., living in Smith- 
field, intend marriage Feb. 2, 1748. 

Mathew Darling of Mendon and Hannah Emerson of Uxbridge, 
married Oct. 29, 1767. 

Simeon Dai'ling of Mendon and Anna Phelps of Northampton, 
mai-ried June 24, 1784. 

Jeremiah Crooks of Mendon and Phebe Darling of Bellingham, 
married Dec. 9, 1787. 

Ebenezer Darling, son of Denice Darling and Anna, wife, born 
Jan. 8, 1679. 

Daniel Darling, son of Denice Darling and Hannah, wife, born 
Apr. 23, 1682. 

Elizabeth Darling, dan. of Denice Darling and Hannah, wife, 
born July 2, 1685. 

Benjamin Darling, son of Denice Darling and Hannah, wife, 
born Feb. 11, 1687. 

John Darling, son of John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, born 
Apr. 1, 1687. 

Elizabeth Darling, dau. of John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, 
born Jan. 3, 1692. 

Samuel Darling, son of John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, born 
March 18, 1693. 


Ruth Darling, dau. of John Darling and Elizabeth, Avife, born 
Sept. 20, 1695. 

Hannah Darling, dau. of John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, 
born Nov. 1, 1697. 

Margaret Darling, dau. of John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, 
born Aug. 19, 1700. 

Ebenezer Darling, son of John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, 
born March 2, 1701-2. 

Mary Darling, dau. of Jolm Darling and Elizabeth, wife, born 
May 22, 1704. 

Martha Darling, dau. of John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, born 
March 10, 1705-6. 

Rachel Darling, son of John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, born 
May 14, 1711. 

Abigail Darling, son of .John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, born 
July 14, 1708. 

Deborah Darling, son of John Darling and Elizabeth, wife, born 
Jan. 8, 1713. 

Anna Darling, dau. of John Darling and Anna, wife, born April 
20, 1689. 

Mary Darling, dau. of Cornelius Darhng and Mary, wife, born 
Dec. 13, 1695. 

Uranah Darling, dau. of Benson Darling and Lois, wife, born 
April 14, 1799. 

Samuel Darling, son of Benson Darling and Lois, wife, born 
Dec. 18, 1801. 

Simon Darling, son of Benson Darling and Lois, wife, born 
Feb. 8, 1803. 

Artemas Darling, son of Benson Darling and Lois, wife, born 
April, 21, 1807. 

Jerusha Darlmg, dau. of Joseph Darling and Jerusha, wife, 
born Mar. 15,1761. 

Ichabod Darling, son of Joseph Darling and Jerusha, wife, born 
June 1, 1764. 

Joseph Darling, son of Joseph Darling and Mary, wife, born 
April 6, 1736. 

Stephen Darling, son of Joseph Darting and Mary, wife, born 
August 21, 1788. 


Lydia Darling, dau. of Joseph Darling and Mary, wife, born 
April 21, 1743. 

Enoch Darling, son of Joseph Darling and Mary, wife, bofn 
Julys, 1746. 

Elijah Darling, son of Joseph Darling and Mary, wife, born 
May 19, 17—. 

Levi Darling, son of Joseph Darling, Jr., and Sarah Thayer, 
born Dec. 28, 1757. 

Rhoda Darling, dau. of Thomas Darling and Rachael, wife, born 
May 8, 1750. 

Joanna Darling, dau. of Thomas Darling and Rachael, wife, 
born Feb. 1, 1752. 

Rachael Darling, dau. of Thomas Darling and Rachael, wife, 
born May 1, 1755. 

Prudence Darling, dau. of Thomas Darling and Rachael, wife, 
born Sept. 28, 1757. 

Simeon Darling, son of Thomas Darling and Rachael, wife, 
born March 21, 1760. 

Seth Darling, son of Thomas Darling and Rachael, wife, 
born March 21, 1764. 

Benjamin Darling, son of Thomas Darling and Rachael, wife, 
born Feb. 28, 1766. 

Alpheus Darling, son of Thomas Darling and Rachael, wife, 
born Nov. 9, 1773. 

John Darling, son of Thomas Darling and Rachael, wife, I 
born Jime 9, 1768. 

Olive Darling, dau. of Mathew Darling and Hannah, wife, 
born Nov. 20, 1768. 

Bethany Darling, dau. of Mathew Darling and Hannah, wife, 
born Feb. 17, 1771. 

Phebe Darling, dau. of Mathew Darling and Hannah, wife, 
born Aug. 1, 1774. 

Olive Darling, dau. of Mathew Darling and Hannah, wife, born 
June 23, 1776. 

Daniel Darling, son of Mathew Darling and Hannah, wife, born 
April 1, 1779. 

Hannah Darling, dau. of MatheAV Darling and Hannah, wife, 
born Jan. 1, 1783. 


Sarah Darling, dau. of Mathew Dai-ling and Hannah, wife, born 
May 21, 1786. 

Mary Darling, dau. of Mathew Darling and Hannah, wife, born 
Sept. 8, 1792. 

Abigail Darling, dau. of Daniel Darling and Lydia, wife, born 
Oct. 11, 1706. 

Daniel Darling, son of Daniel Darling and Lydia, wife, born 
March 28, 1709. 

Lydia Darling, dau. of Daniel Darling and Lydia, wife, born 
Jan. 5, 1711. 

Samuel Darlings son of Daniel Darling and Lydia, wife, born 
March 18, 1714-15. 

Susannah Darling, dau. of Daniel Darling and Lydia, wife, born 
Aug. 2, 1717. 

Kezia Darling, dau. of Daniel Darling and Lydia, wife, born 
Nov. 30, 1719. 

Peter Darling, son of Daniel Darling and Lydia, wife, born 
Aug. 12, 1722. 

William Darling, son of Daniel Darling and Lydia, wife, born 
Jan. 15, 1730-1. 

Abner Darling, son of Daniel Darling and Mary, wife, born 
March 7, 1733. 

Hannah Darling, daughter of John Darling, Jr., and Hannah, 
wife, born March 26, 1710. 

Elizabeth Darling, daughter of John Darling, Jr., and Hannah, 
wife, born Nov. 7, 1712. 

Mary Darling, daughter of John Darling, Jr., and Hannah, 
wife, born March 2, 1713-14. 

John Darling, son of John Darling, Jr., and Hannah, wife, born 
Dec. 1, 1717. 

Pelatiah Darling, son of John Darling, Jr., and Hannah, wife, 
born Feb. 28, 1720-1. 

Ruth Darling, daughter of John DarUng, Jr., and Hannah, wife, 
born July 1, 1726. 

Margaret Darling, daughter of John Darling, Jr., and Hannah, 
wife, born Jan. 12, 1723. 

Pardon Darling, son of John Darling, Jr., and Elizabeth, wife, 
born March 17, 1791. 


Setli Darling, son of John Darling Jr., and Elizabeth, wife, born 
Dec. 26, 1792. 

John Warfield Darling, son of John Darling, Jr., and Elizabeth, 
wife^ born, Nov. 12, 1794. 

Edward Darling, son of John Darling, Jr., and Elizabeth, wife, 
born March 27, 1797. 

Leonard Darling, son of John Darling, Jr., and Elizabeth, wife, 
born May 15, 1799. 

Elatham Darling, son of Jesse Darling and Hannah, wife, born 
April 30, 1773. 

James Darling, son of Jesse Darling and Hannah, wife, born 
June 18, 1788. 

Nancy Darling, daughter of Enoch Darling and Elizabeth, wife, 
born Feb. 15, 1769. 

Mehitable Darling, daughter of Benjamin Darling and Mehit- 
able, wife, born Nov. 10, 1709. ' 

Deborah Darling, daughter of Benjamin Darling and INIehitable, 
wife, born April 22, 1711. 

Benjamin Darling, son of Benjamin Darling and Mehitable, 
wife, born March 15, 1714. 

Ebenezer Darling, son of Benjamin Darling and Mehitable, 
wife, born August 25, 1718. 

Peter Darling, son of Benjamin Darling and Mehitable, wife, 
born June 12, 1720. 

Hannah Darling, daughter of Benjamin Darling and Mehitable, 
wife, born March 25, 1722. 

Abigail Darling, daughter of Benjamin Darling and Mehitable, 
wife, March 15, 1724. 

Elizabeth Darling, daughter of Benjamin Darling and Mehit- 
able, wife, born April 11, 1729. 

Thomas Darling, son of Benjamin Darling and Mehitable, wife, 
born May 7, 1730. 

Anna Darling, daughter of Benjamin Darling and Susannah, 
wife, born June 22, 1761. 

Mary Darling, daughter of Pelatiah Darling and Elizabeth, 
wife, born May 14, 1745. 

Hannah Darling, daughter of Pelatiah Darling and Elizabeth, 
wife, born Dec. 7, 1750. 


Elizabeth Darling, daughter of Pelatiah Darling and Elizabeth, 
wife, born Feb. 8, 1753. 

Abigail Darling, daughter of Pelatiah Darling and Elizabeth, 
wife, born April 15, 1755. 

Joshua Darling, son of Pelatiah Darling and Elizabeth, wife, 
born August 19, 1762. 

Pelatiah Darling, son of Pelatiah Darling and Elizabeth, wife, 
born April 2, 1760. 

Ruth Darling, daughtei- of Pelatiah Darling and Elizabeth, 
wife, born June 5, 1766. 

Rachael Darling, daughter of Pelatiah and Elizal)etli, wife, born 
March 14, 1758. 

Phinehas Darling, son of Pelatiah Darling and Elizabeth, wife, 
born March 20, 1769. 

Luke Darling, daughter of Nathan Darling and Polly, wife, 
born June 18, 1794. 

Nathan Darling, son of Nathan Darling and Polly, wife, born 
Jan. 12, 1796. 

Cortis Darling, son of Nathan Darling and Polly, wife, born 
Dec. 30, 1797. 

George Darling, son of Nathan Darling and Polly, wife, born 
Jan. 29, 1800. 

Mehitable Darling, daughter of Samuel Darling and Sarah, 
his wife, born Sept. 7, 1746. 

Caleb Darling, son of Samuel Darling and Sarah, his wife, 
born Nov. 30, 1748. 

Deborah Darling, daughter of Samuel Darling, and Sarah, his 
wife, born July 6, 1750. 

Peter Darling, son of Samuel Darling and Sarah, his wife, born 
June 20, 1752. 

Trial Darling, daughter of Samuel Darling and Sarah, his wife, 
born May 20, 1754. 

Aaron Darling, son of Samuel Darling and Sarah, his wife, born 
June 20, 1756. 

Dinnis Darling, son of Samuel Darling and Sarah, his wife, born 
Feb. 20, 1760. 

Henry Darling, son of Samuel Darling and Sarah, his ^vife, born 
July 3, 1762. 


Patience Darling, daughter of Daniel Darling and Hannah, his 
wife, born Oct. 30, 1799. 

Lovice Darling (twin), daughter of Daniel Darling and Hannah, 
his wife, born July 6, 1801. 

Lucretia Darling (twin), daughter of Daniel Darling and Hannah, 
his wife, born July 6, 1801. 

Gilson Darling, son of Daniel Darling and Hannah, his wife, 
born August 23, 1802. 

James Darling, son of Daniel Darling and Hannah, his wife, 
born Feb. 10, 1804. 

Elias Darling, son of Daniel Darling, and Hannah, his wife, born 
July 14, 1806. 

Miranda Darling, daughter of Daniel Darhng and Hannah, his 
wife, born July 19, 1808. 

Clarissa Darling, daughter of Daniel Darling and Hannah, his 
wife, born May 30, 1810. 

Eliza Ann Darling, daughter of Daniel Darling and Hannah, his 
wife, born June 12, 1812. 

Sarah Darling, daughter of Daniel Darlmg and Hannah, his 
wife, born Aug. 28, 1815. 

Daniel Darling, son of Daniel Darling and Hannah, his wife, 
born Oct. 19, 1817. 

Ezekiel Emerson Darling, son of Daniel Darling and Hannah, 
his wife, born July 19, 1820. 

Caleb Darling, son of Job Darling and Margery, his wife, born 
Sept. 5, 1768. 

Mary Darling, dau. of Job Darling and Margery, his wife, born 
Dec. 23. 1769. 

Hannah Darling, dau. of Job Darling and Margery, his wife, 
born Oct. 9, 1772. 

John Darling, son of Leonard W. Darling and Relief, his wife, 
born Jan. 24, 1815. 

Leonard Darling, son of Leonard W. Darling and Relief, his 
wife, born April 6, 1822. 

Clarissa Darling, dau. of Leonard Darling and Relief, his wife, 
born Nov. 25, 1823. 

John Darling, son of Phinehas Darling and Bethiah Kimton, 
born March 23, 1797, 


Otis Darling, son of Phinehas Darling and Mary, his wife, born 
Feb. 2, 1803. 

Phinehas Darling, son of Phinehas Darling and Mary, his wife, 
born Dec. 15, 1805. 

Elizabeth Darling, wife of John Darling, deceased April 3, 

Anna Darling, wife of John Darling, died April 30, 1690, 

Denice Darling, deceased Jan. 25, 1717-18, aged 77 years. 

Cortis Darling, son of Nathan Darling and Polly, his wife, died 
June 6, 1799. 

Nathan Darling, son of Nathan Darling and Polly, his wife, 
died June 10, . 

Seth Darling, son of John Darling, Jr. and Elizabeth, his wife, 
died Oct. 30, 1798. 

Pardon Darling, son of John Darling, Jr., and Elizabeth, his 
wife, died Oct. 20, 1799. 

Olive Darling, dau. of Mathew Darling and Hannah, his wife, 
died May 20, 1772. 

Bethany Darling, dau. of Mathew Darling and Hannah, his wife, 
died March 17, 1777. 

Phebe Darling, dau. of Mathew Darling and Hannah, his wife, 
died March 9, 1777. 

Lovice Darling (twin), dau. of Daniel Darling and Hannah, his 
wife, died July 10, 1801. 

Lucretia Darling (twin), dau. of Daniel Darling and Hannah, 
his wife, died July 11, 1801. 

Miranda Darling, dau. of Daniel Darling and Hannah, his wife, 
died Dec. 25, 1826. 

Elathan Darling, child of Jesse Darling and Hannah, his wife, 
died Aug. 6, 1793. 

James Darling, son of Jesse Darhng and Hannah, his wife, died 
May 6, 1804. 

John Darling, died Oct. 29, 1800. 

Jesse Darling, died July 9, 1813. 

Lewis Darling, son of John Darling, died Aug. 20, 1818. 



Darling, John, and wife Abigail, lived in the north part of the 
town and had: 1, Abigail, b. June 2, 1736; 2, John, March 24, 
'37-8 ; 3, Amos, March 13, '43 ; 4, Timothy, Aug. 12, '47. Abi- 
gail, the wife, admitted to the church Feb. 5, 1748. (Sarah, of 
Framingham, m. Isaac Wheeler, of Holden, Aug. 18, 1752; John, 
son of Samuel, baptized June 18, 1758 ; Thomas, rated in Framing - 
ham, about 1738). 

2. Araos, m. Hephzibah Bruce, in Southbridge, May 9, 1745, 
and, with wife, came in Framingham Nov., 17, '48 ; and had in 
Framingham, 1, Joseph, b. Oct. 29, 1746 ; 2, Elizabeth, b. March 
2, '48, m. Eleazar Rice, of Marlboro, 1772 ; 3, Jonas, b. June 4 
'53, m. Molly Knights and died in Sterling; 4, Lucy, b. Aug. 13 
'55, m. Daniel Rice, of Marlboro ; 5, Amos, b. June 16, '57, m. 
Laovisie Hager, of Marlboro ; 6, Hephzibah, b. Dec. 8, '59, m. 
Levi Wilkins, of Marlboro, d. 1840 ; 7, Lydia, b. July 10, '62, d. 
unmarried, '89 ; 8, Daniel, b. July 24, '65, m. Rebeckah Arnold, 
of Marlboro, and 2d, Charlotte Hunting, lived in Marlboro, and d. 
in Framingham, 1844. Amos was recommended to the church in 
Marlboro, Aug., 1788, about which time his farm was set off to 
Marlboro. (Jacob, son of Amos, was baptized in BVamingham, 
Nov. 27, 1748.) 

3. Timothy, son of John (1), and wife, had : Timothy, baptized 
Oct. 28, 1770 ; 2, Nabby, baptized Nov. 25, 1770. 

4. Joseph, son of Amos (2) m. Eunice Flagg, in Marlboro, 
1773, and had : 1, Molly, b. May 8, 1774. The father m. 2d Sarah 
Houghton, and had: 2, John, b. April 1, 1781. Joseph lived in 
Framingham with Amos his father, and moved to Brattleboro, 
about 1781. 

5. Margery, widow of Job, d. in Framingham, June of 1819, 
aged 85. Job d. in Framingham, March 26, 1814, aged 87. 

Barry in his History of Framingham says : The tradition of the 
family relates that Amos Darling came from Danvers and that his 
grandfather came from England, when there were only fom^teen 
houses in Salem. Thomas, only son of John, who d, 1713, and wife 
Joana were of Salem, 1690. 


Daniel (w. Lydia) d. in Mendon about 1746, f. of Daniel, Sam- 
uel, Peter, William, and four daughters, Timothy was of 
Lunenburg, 1753, Benjamin of Wrentham (who had brothers 
John, Elias), died before the Revolution, an aged man, and was 
father of Rev. David of Sm-rey, N. H., who died 1836, aged 81. 
Judge Joshua, of Henniker, N. H., was probably a relative of this 
last, (See Wm, Barry's Hist, of Framiugham, 1847.) 

Ebenezer Darling and John Darling of Framingham were of 
Captain Newell's company in the Crown Point expedition, dur- 
ing the last French and Indian War, March 27, 1755, and were 
discharged January 3, 1756, 

Amos Darling was the son of Ebenezer Darling, b, Jan, 8, 1679. 
Ebenezer, the father of Amos, was the son of Denice Darling, who 
died in Mendon, Mass., Jan. 25, 1717, aged 77 years, thus making 
his birth date 1640. It would seem that when Denice Darling, the 
grandfather, came from England (not earlier, of course, than 
1640), there were more than fourteen houses in Salem. This 
record of the tradition given by Barry serves to show how little 
reliance should be placed on traditions when it is possible by re- 
searches to find actual data. 

In the records of the Probate Office at East Cambridge I found 
the will of Thomas Darling of Framingham. His wife Sarah is 
named ; his son John Darling is named, whom he gives five shil- 
lings, having before given him by a deed of gift , which 

seems to have been his full share. The heirs of his son Jonathan 
Darling, deceased are named. Thomas Darling had a daughter, 
Sarah Darling, named in the will. The remainder of his estate 
went to his two sons, Ebenezer and Amos. The will is dated 
Sept, 8, 1749. In the same office there is the will of Ebenezer 
Darling of Framingham, and also an inventory of the estate. It 
is mentioned as in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and the 
order bears the date, 29 March, A. D. 1756. Amos Darling, on 
the 29th day of March, 1756, was admitted as the administrator. 

An inventory April 15, 1756, " of the estate of Ebenezer Darling, 
late of Framingham, Dyst., seized and possessed of, is as fol- 
lowethe, viz, : the land estate of y* Ebenezer, of the homestead 
being about 140 acres, the one half being y* s'^ Ebenezer, both of 


land and buildings which were appraised at four hundred and 
twenty-five pounds and ten shillings. " Other small sums are 

The will of Job Darling of Framingham was admitted to Pro- 
bate, 8 April, 1814. " Margery " Darling " my true and beloved 
wife" is named. His son Caleb Darling a "non compos "is also 
named. His daughter, Huldah Meriam, and her husband Timothy 
Meriam, are mentioned and are the last heirs ; the sum of 50 dol- 
lars in cash is spoken of. 

William Darling, a laborer of Charlestown, died intestate. 
This is mentioned in the probate office, under the date of 1746. 

Sara, daughter of Xpper (Christopher) DarHng, was christened 
March 13, 1624 at St. James, Clerkenwell, London. 

There is, according to the English Pedigrees, a Darley of York- 
shire ; the manuscripts are 234, 251. 

There are old manuscripts containing pedigrees of the Darlings 
of London, Cornwall and Derbyshire. 

Members of these families emigrated to America during the 
early settlement of the country. 




The arms here given may be deciphered as follows. 

Barry of six argent and azure. Crest : A peacock's head and 
neck, between two wings erect, the feathers azui-e, and their pens 
(quills) argent. This crest of Sir Richard de Grey, K. G., 1420, 
A. D., is from the Garter Plate at Windsor ; the crest rises from 
such a crest-coronet as was borne on the helms by noblemen in the 
time of Henry V. 

Other immediate branches of these ancient Grey families bore 
for arms, barry of six argent and azure, in chief three torteaux. 
Another great branch of this ancient house of Grey, as will be 
seen in the following pages, adopted different armorial bearings, 
viz. : gules, a lion rampant with a bordure engrailed argent. 


Gl^flY GEJ^EflliOGY. 

Edward Gray, to whom reference has been made, came to Ply- 
mouth, Mass., with his brother Thomas Gray in 1643. Thomas 
Gray was the older of the two. He died at Plymouth, June 7, 

Edward Gray was then a mere youth, and according to a tradi- 
tion of the family, the two brothers were smuggled on board the 
ship in which they came, and were sent to America by friends at 
home who had been intriguing for the possession of the property 
which rightfully belonged to them. The oldest stone on Burial 
Hill is that of Edward Gray, on which is the following inscription : 
" Here lyeth y'' body of Edward Gray, Gent, aged about 52 years,* 
and departed this life y" last of June, 1681." This stone of 
Edward Gray " is roughly made of a common shaky blue native 
slate, rudely cut and carved, and considering its material, it has 
surprisingly survived the ravages of time." " A strip of land run- 
ning on Main street from Leyden to Middle street was once owned 
by Stephen Hopkins, one of the Mayflower Pilgrims. He died in 
1644, and not long after his death it came into the hands of Ed- 
ward Gray, who sold it in 1670 to John Cotton, then pastor of the 
Plymouth Church." 

Robert Hicks was a leather dresser in London, and is supposed 
to have been a brother of Sir Baptist Hicks, a mercer of London, 
who was knighted in 1605, and afterwards became Viseount of 
Camden. He was the founder of Hicks' Hall, a Session House 
built in 1612, and made famous by the trial of Lord Russellf who 
was condemned within its walls, and of Count Konigsmark, the 

* Edward Gray at the time of his death, instead of being 52, as recorded on the 
gravestone at Plymouth, was upwards of 58 years of age, for the record of his bap- 
tism in Stapleford Tawney, Eng., Is April 15, 1C23. 

t The condemnation of William Lord Russell was not, in fact, at Hicks's Hall, 
but at the Old Bailey, as is represented by a painting of the trial scene, made at that 
time. A reproduction of that painting is now iu the possession of the author. 


assassin of Mr. Thyme. Butler in the third canto of the third part 
of " Hudibras " alhxdes to it in the following lines : 

" One old dull sot who tol'd the clock 
For many years at Bridewell dock 
At Westminister's and Hicks's Hall, 
And Hiccius doctius played in all." 

Robert Hicks conveyed the estate under consideration in 1639, 
to his son Samuel, and after the removal of Samuel to Barnstable 
and Dartmouth, it passed into the hands of Edward Gray, who 
made it his residence. In 1673, Edward Gray conveyed it to John 
Richard. This was a tract of land between Middle and Leyden 
streets, on the north and south, and Coles's Hill and Le Baron 
Alley, on the east and west. This covers two original garden 
plots, which as far back as the earliest records of Plymouth, 
belonged to Robert Hicks, who built a house there, which he 
made his residence. The lot of land on which the Plymouth Rock 
House now stands, at the conner of North Street and Coles's Hill, 
was a part of the land granted to James Cole, one of the early 
settlers referred to. Before 1685, it came into the possession of 
Nathaniel Clarke, who before the year 1700 seems to have been 
largely interested in land on that street. In 1697 he conveyed it 
to John Cole, and his wife Susannah Cole, who was the daughter 
of Dorothy, the wife of Mr. Clai-ke by her first husband, Edward 
Gray. In 1725 Susannah Cole, then a widow, conveyed it to 
Consider Howland, and the next year Mr. Howland conveyed it 
to John Foster, who sold it in 1734, to his brother Thomas Foster. 
In 16;>9, Robert Hicks sold a lot to his son Samuel Hicks, and 
when Samuel removed to the Cape, it passed into the hands 
of Edward Gray. In 1673, Mr. Gray sold it to John Richard 
already referred to, and it remained the property of Mr. Richard 
and his son John until 1738, when it was sold by the latter to the 
second James Warren. In the same year Mr. Warren sold it to 
Lazarus Le Baron, who held it as a vacant lot until 1775, when in 
the division of his estate, that part which belongs to the Samoset 
House was set off to his son William, and the remainder, includ- 
ing Cushman Street and all the lots on both sides of it, to his son 
Isaac. The following is the property referi ed to : " Stephen Dean 


sold to Robert Hixe two acres of land lying on the north side of 
the town between the first and the second brooks, the one being his 
own inheritance, ye other was that he bought of Philip De Lelanoy, 
the which two acres he sold as aforesaid to the said Robert Hixe 
for the sum of four pounds sterling, which payment he hath 
received, and in witness hereof he hath put his hand, this 3d of 
July, 1630. Signed Stephen Dean." (From the Ancient Land- 
marks of Plymouth by William T. Davis.) 

" Thomas Clarke, whose stone was j^laced on Burial Hill in 1697, 
has erroneously been thought to have been the mate of the May- 
flower." He came to Plymouth in the " Anne " in 1623, and 
though in conflict with the inscription on his stone, he made oath 
in 1664, in an instrument signed by him, that he was fifty-nine 
years of age. This would have made him born in 1605, and in 
1620 only fifteen years old, altogether too young for the position 
of mate. Nathaniel Clarke, whose grave-stone bearing the date 
of 1717 stood near that of his father, Thomas Clarke, was secre- 
tary of the Colony after the death of ISTathaniel Morton in 1685. 
On the arrival of Andi'os as Governor of New England, he became 
one of the royal Governor's most willing and offensive tools. 
The title of Clark's Island, of which Plymouth in its municipal 
capacity had held undisputed possession since 1638, when all lands 
within its limits not included in previous allotments were granted 
by the court to the town, was, with other titles, jjroclaimed as 
vested in the King. Clarke, who was a member of the Council, 
applied for a grant of the Island, and finally obtained it against 
remonstrance and resistance of the inhabitants of the town. The 
original instrument making the grant is now in existence. At 
this juncture news was received from the mother country of the 
revolution of 1688, and Andros and Clarke were arrested and sent 
to England. After his release by the King, Clarke returned to 
Plymouth, and continued there in the practice of the law until his 
death. Nathaniel Clarke married Dorothy, daughter of Thomas 
and Ann Lettice and widow of Edward Gray above mentioned. 
They became owners of the whole square, including the upper and 
lower lots, which were already the property of Mr. Clarke. They 
had other large propeity (op. citata.) 


Dr. James Thatcher in his history of Plymouth says : " No 
stone of an earlier date than 1681 is to be found on Burial Hill of 
Plymouth, though it is by no means probable that this was the 
first interment here." It is to the memory of Edward Gray, a 
respectable merchant, whose name frequently occurs in the old 
records of Plymouth. He made his mark for his name, as was 
not uncommon in those days. By habits of industry and good 
management, he gained the character of a respectable merchant, 
and acquired an estate worth £1250 sterling, the largest estate at 
that time in the colony. 

The second Edward, according to accounts, received from 
Lewis Bradford, Esq., certain estates which were at Tiverton, R.I. 

Thomas and Samuel lived at Little Compton, R. I. 

William Bradford was born at Austerfield, in the county of York, 
England; he was baptised March, 1589. He married for his first 
wife Dorothy Hay, by whom he had one son whose name was 
John. There is no account that this John was ever married ; 
there is a tradition that he was lost at sea on his passage to Eng- 
land. The maiden name of the Governor's second wife, Mrs. 
Southworth, widow of Constant Southworth, was Alice Carpenter. 
By this union he had three children, viz. : William, Mercy, and 

It deserves to be stated that the father of William Bradford, the 
emigrant ancestor, whose name was William Bradford, died in 
1591, when his son was only two years old. 

Mercy'^ Bradford m. Benjamin Vermegue. 

William Bradford son of Governor Bradford and Mrs. Alice 
Southworth Bradford, his wife, obtainel high distinction in the 
colony. He was elected assistant soon after the death of his 
father and was chosen military commander-. He had the title of 
major ; he was an active officer in King Philip's war. He mar- 
ried for his first wife Alice Richards. The date of his birth being 
June 17, 1624. She died in 1.671, aged 44 years. By her he 
had four sons, viz. : John, William, Thomas and Samuel. When 
the colonial government terminated in 1692, Major Bradford was 
deputy governor and afterward was chosen counsellor of Massa- 
chusetts. He died 20th Feb., 1703, aged 79 years. 


John, the oldest son of William Bradford and Alice Richards 
Bradford, his wife, was born Feb., 1653. He is frequently men- 
tioned in the Plymouth records as a selectman ; he served on 
various committees ; in 1692 was deputy. He was representative 
to the General Court. 

Major John Bradford married Mercy Warren, daughter of 
Joseph Warren. The childi-en were : John, Alice, Abigail, Mercy, 
Samuel, Priscilla, and William. He died Dec. 8, 1736, in his 84th 
year. Mercy, his widow, died in 1747, in her 94th year. 

The Governor's son Joseph lived near Jones' River. Joseph 
had a son Elisha, who had several children. 

Lieutenant Samuel Bradford, son of Major John Bradford, mar- 
ried Sarah Gray, daughter of Edward Gray, of Tiverton, R. I., 
and granddaughter of Edward Gray of Plymouth. The issue 
was John, Gideon, and William, who died young, Mary, and 
Sarah, William and Mercy, who also died young, Abigail, Phebe 
and Samuel. Lieutenant Samual Bradford lived in Plymouth. 
He died there in 1740, aged 56 years. 

The Hon. William Bradford, late of Bristol, R. I., was son of 
the above Samuel Bradford. He was born at Plymj>ton, Mass., 
Nov. 4, 1729. He died July, 1808. He was Deputy Governor of 
Rhode Island, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and 
member of Congress. He lived near Mount Hope, celebrated as 
having been the residence of the famous King Philip, the aborigi- 
nal proprietor. His descendants were numerous. 

Daniel Bradford was probably a son of William Bradford. Le 
Baron Bradford was a yoanger son of William. Polly Bradford, 
daughter of William, married Henry Goodwin of Boston, May 20, 

From the history of James Thatcher, M.D., A.A.S., 1835, the 
following is the summary : — 

Governor William Bradford, born 1590 ; first wife Dorothy 
Hay; had son John Bradford; but there is no further record. 
The Governor's second wife was Mrs. Southworth ; her maiden 
name was Alice Carpenter. Their children were : William, Mercy, 
and Joseph. William, the Governor's son, was major in King 
Philip's War. His wife was Mrs. Alice Richards. Their four 


sons were : John, William, Thomas and Samuel. John, the old- 
est son of Major Bradford, was deputy; John was also major. He 
married Mercy Warren, daughter of Joseph Warren. The chil- 
dren were : John, Alice, Abigail, Mercy, Samuel, Priscilla, and 
William. Samuel, son of John, was Lieutenant. Lieutenant 
Bradford married Sarah Gray, born April 25, 1697, daughter of 
Edward Gray, of Tiverton, and granddaughter of Edward Gray, 
of Plymouth. Lieutenant Samuel Bradford had a sou William, 
who was the Hon, William Bradford. Hon. William Bradford 
was Deputy Governor of Rhode Island. He lived in Bristol, R. I., 
near Mount Hope, celebrated as having been the residence of the 
famous King Philip. His descendants were numerous. 

The following is substantially from John Osborn Austin's 
Genealogical Dictonary of the first settlers of Rhode Island : 

"Edward Gray m. 1651, Jan. 16, Mary Winslow, b. 1G30, 
daughter of John and Mary (Cliilton) Winslow ; she died 1663. 
Edward m. (2) 1665, Dec. 12, Dorothy Lettice, b. 1648, daughter 
of Thomas and Ann Lettice; she m. (2) Nathaniel Clarke, born 
1643 ; she died 1728 ; Edward Gray died 1681. 

Nathaniel Clarke, her second husband died — 1717 (according 
to the inscription on the gravestone). 

Edward Gray was a merchant and was at Plymouth in 1643. 
(He was baptized April 15, 1623, as before stated.) 

1650 — Aug. 7. Edward Gray was to have a bushel of Indian 
corn for damage done by the cattle of Edward Doty in his corn. 

1655 — May 1. He was complained of by Samuel Cuthbert re- 
garding a cow exchanged by Gray for a lot. The court found 
Cuthbert's complaint in a great measure unjust. Gray having, as 
appeared, given Cuthbert leave to make choice of a cow out of his 
cattle, whereupon the court persuaded Gray to accept three bushels 
of Indian corn for wintering the cow, and so the defense ended. 

1656— Feb. 3. He having had a controversy with Francis 
Billington about two iron wedges, the court ordered them to be 
delivered to the latter. 

1658 — Feb. 2. He complained against Joseph Billington for 
neglecting to pay a small debt due. 

1659 — Dec. 6. He and another appeared at court to lay claim 


to a parcel of iron wedges, which an Indian had stolen, and sold 
at Taunton, and the court took a course to have the Indian ap- 

1662 — June 3. He was granted a double share of land. 

1662 — June 10. The house bought by the country of him was 
to be repaired by order of the court. 

1666 — Oct. 31. He was awarded 20s. from Joseph BiUington 
for hunting his ox with a dog and for wrong done his swine and 
fence, and he was to have returned to him the scythes used by 
BiUington without Gray's leave. 

1667— March 5. His land at Rocky Nook, Plymouth, was to 
be ranged and to have a highway laid out by it. 

1668 — June 3. He was fined ten shillings for using revil- 
ing speeches to John Bryant, on the Lord's day, as soon as he 
came out of the meeting. 

1668 — Oct. 29. He was to have two barrels of tar i-eturned him, 
and eight shillings paid him for proving it was his. 

1669 — March 2. John Biyant was fined 10 shillings for using 
reviling speeches to Edward Gray as soon as they came out of 
meeting, on the Lord's day. 

1670— May 29. Freeman. 

1670 — June 24. He and seven others agreed for two years to 
pay 8 shillings per small barrel, and 12 shillings per great barrel, 
for good merchantable tar delivered at Waterside in good casks. 

" June 10, 1670. Tuspaquin, and his son William, sold for £6, 
to Edward Gray, in the behalf of the Court of Plimouth all that 
our meddow that lyeth in or neare the town of Middlebury, on the 
west side of a tract belonging to John Alden and GonstaJit South- 
worth, and is between Assowamsett Pond, and Taunton Path, be- 
ing in three parcels xipon three brookes; also another parcel on the 
other side of Taunton path. Witnessed by Amie, the wife of 
Tuspaquin and two English. " 

" 30 June, 1672 — Tuspaquin, Sachem of Namassakett and Man- 
towapuct, alins William, his son. " 

"Sell to Ed'ioard Gray and Josias IVinsloio lands on the easterly 
side of Assowamsett, to begin where Namasket River falleth out 
of the pond, and so south by the pond ; thence by perishable 


bounds to Tuspaquin's Pond and so home to the lands formerly 
sold to Henry Wood. " (See Drake's Indian book III., pp. 

1671 — March 8, He was to have paid him 20 shillings from a 
man for pilfering his tobacco, and the culprit was whipped at the 
post and ordered to depart the government. 

1671 — Grand Jury. 

1674 — March 4. He was granted 100 acres at Titicut. 

1676— 77-78-79-Deputy. 

1677 — July 13. He was on committee respecting debts due the 
colony, and to balance accounts between towns concerning the 
late war. 

1677 — Oct. 3. He was to have, with two others, all the hei'bage 
and grass which shall grow on the country's lands at Pocassett 
and places adjoining, for one year, they paying £10 for the 

1678 — June 6. He was licensed to sell some small quantities of 
Hquor as he may have occasion, to such as are or may be em- 
ployed by him in fishing, and such like occasion, for their use and 

1680 — March 5. He and seven others bought Pocasset (Tiver- 
ton) lands for £1,100 of Gov. Josiah Winslow. His share was 
9-30 of the purchase. 

1681 — July 7. Administration to widow Dorothy. 

1683 — March 8. The court allowed his widow £60 out of his 
estate towards bringing up his three youngest children. 

1684 — July 1. She was granted £30 for her charges and 
trouble as administratrix. Guardians were chosen by her children 
this year as follows : Edwai-d and Hannah chose Captain Natha- 
niel Thomas ; Thomas, Rebecca, Lydia and Samuel chose Captain 
Nathaniel Thomas and their mother Dorothy Gray ; Anna chose 
John Walley. 

1684 — Oct. 28. Mrs. Dorothy Gray consented that her hus- 
band's lands should be divided amongst his children before her 
dower was set off. She brought in her account showing in- 
ventory of £1,230, 12s., lid., balanced by debts paid, and £67, 
15s. lOd. divided to widow and children by order of the court. 


Among items of inventory were money, plate goods and chattels, 
£737, 2s. 6d. ; debts certain, uncertain and desperate, £346, 18s. 
3d, Ketch at sea sold for £40, etc. Among the payments was 
allowance to widow " for long and great trouble in her said office 
by making up accounts with many persons, both debtors and 
creditors, at home and at Boston ; receiving from and paying debts 
to many several persons, and charge to others I employed to 
write and keep accounts clear ; and while I was busied every day 
about the concerns of the estate in general I was fain to hire a 
nurse for my younger child, which cost me for about four or five 
months time three shilling per week, and her diet which came to 
five or six pounds; and it is about three years' time that I have 
been thus concerned about the estate in general, with neglect to 
my own particular concerns, and judge I may well deserve at 
least fifty pounds, whereof the court allows thirty pounds. 

1686 — July 10. "Dorothy Clarke complains against her husband 
Nathaniel in order to a divorce, and there being such an uncom- 
fortable difference between said Clarke and his wife, fearing lest 
they should ruin each other in their estate, have mutually agreed 
to a settlement until the law otherwise determines. The new 
house is in Nathaniel Clarke's possession as his and his wife's 
estate, she having liberty to live in part of said house to quantity 
of half if she pleases. 

" Clarke to have all estate he brought with him, and she to have 
all estate she brought with her except what she had disposed of. 
Clarke to have one hogshead of rum in his hands for the finishing 
of the new house, and three barrels of cider for his own drinking, 
or at his dispose. She to deliver to him bond given her before 
marriage and he not to be liable for her debts, nor for administra- 
tion by her on estate of her late husband Edward Gray ; Dorothy 
not to be charged with Clarke's contracts, etc." 

Nathaniel Clarke referred to was the youngest son of Thomas 
Clarke known as counsellor Clarke. 

Thatcher, one of the earliest historians of Plymouth, who was 
brought up among the descendants of the Pilgrims, says of 
Thomas Clarke : 

" It is a well received tradition that this ancient man was the 


mate of the Mayflower and the one who first landed on the Island 
which bears his name. It may be conjectured that he was con- 
sidered merely an officer of the ship, and that he returned to Eng- 
land in her, with Captain Jones, and sxibsequently came over and 
settled in this town." (History of Plymouth). Nathaniel Clarke, 
of Plymouth, was born 1643 ; he was educated in the law office of 
Secretary Morton, and was known as councellor Clarke. His 
house was on the Main street ; the same house afterwards occu- 
pied by Judge Thomas. Andros made a grant of Clarke's Island, 
which the people refused to confirm, and he failed of securing the 
property. He married Dorothy Lettice Gray, widow of Edward 
Gray, a rich merchant of Plymouth, but they did not live together 
comfortably, and after much scandal she left him, but afterwards, 
says Thatcher, returned to live with him. He died without issue 
Jan. 31, 1717, aged 74; she died in 1728, aged 80 years. (Records 
of some of the descendants of Thomas Clarke, of Plymouth, 1623). 
The children of Edward Gray and Mary (Winslow) Gray, his 
wife, were : 

1. Desire, b. Nov. 6, 1651, m. 1672, Jan. 10, Nathaniel South- 
worth, b. 1648, son of Constant and Elizabeth Southworth. She 
died 1690, Dec. 4. He died 1711, Jan. 14. 

2. Mary, b. 1653, Sept. 18. 

8. Elizabeth, b. 1658, Feb. 11. 

4. Sarah, b. 1659, August 12. 

5. John, b. 1661, Oct. 1, married Joanna Morton. 

The children of Edward Gray by his second wife, Dorothy (Let- 
tice), were: 

6. Edward, b. 1667, Jan. 31, Tiverton, R. I., m. (1) Mary 
Smith, daughter of Philip and Mary Smith ; m. (2) Mary Man- 
chester, daughter of William and Marj^ (Cook) Manchester. 

1696 Oct. 7. He bought certain land in Tiverton, of Caleb and 
Lydia Loring of Plymouth for £230. He died 1726. His wife 
Mary (Manchester) d. 1729. 

1722 Dec. 10. " Will proved 1726, June 7. Executors, sons 
Philip and Thomas. To wife Mary, while widow, the new addi- 
tion on east side house and use of six rows apple trees, and liberty 
to cut wood, improvement of garden, £100, 6 best cows, 1 mare, 
negro woman Zilpha and 1-4 household stuff. 


" To son Philip, 3 fifty-acre lots where I live, buildings, orchard, 
etc., and other land, he paying my son Thomas £20, and to daugh- 
ter Hannah, 1 feather bed, etc., to value of £150. To son Thomas, 
3 fifty-acre lots, etc., he paying my daughter Sarah legacy with 
what she has to make her up to £130. To sons Philip and 
Thomas, jointly, land where my son Edward formerly lived, 
with buildings, etc., they paying my daughter Elizabeth so much 
as shall make up what I gave her in life time, which appears by 
book £150, and also paying bonds which testator obhges himself 
to ])ay to daughter-in-law Rebecca Gray, to pay to children of my 
son Edward, deceased. To son John, 27 acres &g., he paying 
legacy to my daughter Lydia Gray, of £120, good feather bed, &c. 
To son William under age, 120 acres &c., £20, and negro Sambo. 
To son Samuel, 60 acres and £250 when 21. To sons William 
and Samuel, land. To daughter Mary, wife of John Bennet, 5s, 
she having had her part. To daughter Phebe £150. If either 
son had by 1st wife, die before 21, his part to go to surviving son 
of 1st wife. If either of sons of last wife die without issue, then 
part to go to surviving son of last wife. AU estate not disposed 
of to go equally to eight yoimgest children, viz.: Philip, Thomas, 
John, William, Samuel, Phebe, Hannah, and Lydia. 

1729— March 19. Inventory, £284, 9s. lOd. Widow Mary. Ad- 
ministration to brother John Manchester." 

7. Susanna, b. 1668, Oct. 15. 

8. Thomas, b. 1670, settled in Little Compton, R. I., m. (1) 
Anna, b. 1673, d. 1706, Oct. 16; m. (2) Phebe, daughter of John 
Peckham, b. 1666, d. 1746. 

1704 — Nov. 1. Thomas Gra^^ and William Pabodie signed a 
letter on behalf of the Congregational Church inviting neighbor- 
ing churches to the ordination of Rev. Richard Billings, which 
was to take place Nov. 29. 

1721— Sept. 21. "Will proved 1721, Nov. 23, executors, sons 
Thomas and Edward. To wife Phebe, looking-glass, brass kettle, 
new bible, plate, cup, two silver spoons, warming-pan, two feather 
beds, negro maid Peg and one-half household stuff, also great 
room, bedroom, cheese room and cellar in house called ' Wood- 
worth's house,' while widow, and to have ten cords of wood per 


year, ten bushels Indian corn, barley, meat, etc., two cows, and 
keep of same, the new garden and £8 per year. To son Thomas, 
dwelling house and fifty acre lot, and other land. To son Ed- 
ward, dwelling house he now liveth in, fifty acres, and other land. 
To daughter Anna Richmond, mulatto girl ' Almy,' gold ring, 
silver spoon and bible. To daughter Rebecca Gray, two feather 
beds, one half of household stuff, one gold ring, one silver spoon 
and £50 and 3 cows. To sons Thomas and Edward, each a 
feather bed, and son Thomas a clock, gun, silver sj)Oon, gold ring, 
negro called 'Sarah' mulatto boy 'Solomon' and five cows. 
To son Edward, book called Josephus, gold ring, silver sjjoon, 
negro called ' Will ' (letting him have one day a month to him- 
self), mulatto boy called ' Jeffrey,' and five cows. To three 
grandchildren, Barzilla Richmond, Mary Gray and Anstis Gray, 
one cow each. To daughter Rebecca, a good suit of apparel and 
house room till better provided for. To kinsman Nathaniel 
Gibbs, son of Warren Gibbs, three sheep and three lambs. To 
two sons equally, land in Plymouth, Tiverton, etc., and rest of 

'• Inventory : dwelling house and 50 acres, £800 ; Dwelling 
house and 50 acres where Edward lives, £800 ; other lots of land, 
£1000, £540, £500, £250, etc. ; 6 working cattle, 19 cows, 6 two- 
year cattle, 14 yearlings, 4 fat oxen, 14 calves, 3 mares, 3 colts, 4 
two-year horses, 2 yearling mares, 6 score sheep, 4 score lambs, 
swine ; negro, £30 ; negro woman, £30 ; mulatto boy, £50 ; mul- 
atto boy, £45 ; 2 mulatto girls, £50 each ; 1 silver cup, u silver 
spoons, malt mill, 2 cheese presses, 4 tables, 15 leather chairs, 15 
other chairs, case with 9 bottles, 13 pewter platters, 33 pewter 
plates, 11 porringers, 7 candlesticks, 1 warming pan, 1 gun, etc. 

"1723— July 8. Will, proved 1723, August 7, of his son 
Thomas; mentions honored mother-in-law (i. e., stepmother), 
Phebe Gray, brother of Edward Gray; brother-in-law, WilUam 
Richmond and sister Anna his wife ; sister Rebecca, wife of John 
Pabodie, etc. 

u 1746— May 16. Will, proved 1746, Dec. 15, widow Phebe, 
aged 80, late of Little Compton, now of Middletown, R. I. Ex., 
cousin John Taylor, of Middletown. To cousin John Taylor, all 


9. " Samuel, born , married 1699, July 13, Deborah Church 

born 1G72, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Tucker) Church. He 
died 1712, March 23. She married (2) Daniel Throope. 

" 1712 — March 20. Will, proved 1712, April 7 ; executors, wife 
and brother, Thomas Gray. Overseers, friend William Pabodie, 
Captain John Palmer and brother John Church, To wife De- 
borah, improvement of whole estate for children's maintenance 
while widow. If she marry, to have £100. At marriage or de- 
cease of wife, all estate to be divided as follows : To eldest son 
Samuel, £300. To sons, Simeon and Ignatius, £100 each. To 
daughters Dorothy and Lydia, £100 each. If the estate proves 
worth more than £800, the residue to go to two youngest sons, 
Simeon and Ignatius. Inventory £1,138 9s. 7d., viz. : farm and 
buildiDgs, orchard, etc., £850, outlands £26, feather beds, pewter, 
1 pair of worsted combs, 3 pair of old cards, 1 wooden wheel, 2 
common wheels, 1 churn, 1 cradle, 1 cheese press, 1 warming pan, 
silver money £12 4s. 7d., 3 mares, 14 cows, 1 heifer, 5 two-year 
old, 3 yearlings, 5 calves, 1 pair oxen, etc, 

" 1713 — June 3. Deborah Throope, wife of Daniel Throope, of 
Bristol, late wife of Samuel Gray, of Little Compton, gave receipt 
to Thomas Gray. 

10. " Hannah, b. -- — , d. . 

11. "Rebecca, b. , d. , m. Ephraim Cole, eon of 

James Cole. 

12. "Lydia, m, 1696, Aug. 7, Caleb Loring, b. 1674, June 9, 
son of Thomas and Hannah (Jacob) Loring of Plympton, Mass., 
from whom the Lorings in the north part of that town had 

13. Anna, b. , d. , 

The children of Desire Gray, who m. Nathaniel Southworth, 
were : — 

1. Constant, b. 1674, Aug. 12. 

2. Mary, b. 1676, April 3. 

3. Ichabod, b. 1678, March. 

4. Nathaniel, b. 1684, May 10, 

5. Elizabeth, 

6. Edward, b. 1688. 


The children of Samuel Gray and Deborah Church were : — 

1. Samuel, b. 1700, April 16, d. April 22, 1764. 

2. John, b. 1701, April 14 ; d. Jan. 14, 1702. 

3. Dorothy, b. 1704, Jan. 14. 

4. Joseph, b. 1706, Jan. 21. 

5. Lydia, b. 1707, Oct. 16. 

6. Simon, b. 1709, Dec. 15. 

7. Ignatius, b. 1711, Sept. 18 ; d. July 18, 1712. 

Children of Lydia Gray and Caleb Loring, her husband, 
were : — 

1. Caleb, b. 1697, June 7. 

2. Hannah, b. 1698, Aug. 7. * 

3. Ignatius, b. 1699, Dec. 27. 

4. Polycarpus, b. 1702. 

5. Caleb, b. 1704, Oct. 2. 

6. Lydia, b. 1706. 

7. Jacob, b. 1711, May 15. 

8. Joseph, b. 1713, July 25. 

9. John, b. 1715, Nov. 15. 

' 10. Thomas, b. 1718, April 18. 

11. Lydia, b. 1721, Aug 23. 

The children of Rebecca Gray and her husband, Ephraim Cole, 
were : — 

Ephraim, b. 1691; Samuel, b. 1694; Rebecca, 1696; Mary, 
1698 ; Dorothy, 1701 ; James, 1705 ; Samuel, 1709. 

The children of John Gray and Joanna Morton were : — 

Edward, 1687; Mary, 1688; Ann, 1691 ; Desire, 1693; Joanna, 
1696 ; Samuel, 1702 ; Mercy, 1704. 

The children of Edward Gray and Mary Smith (1), his wife, 
were : — 

1. Mary, b. 1691, May 16. 

2. Edward, b. 1693, Jan. 10. 

3. Elizabeth, b. 1695, Jan. 3. 

4. Sarah, b. 1697, April 25. 

5. Phebe, b. 1699, Sept. 6. 

6. Phihp, b. 1702,Feb. 11. 

7. Thomas, b. 1704, Feb. 4. 


8. Hannal), b. 1707, Nov. 3. 
(2 wife, Mary Manchester). 

9. John, b. 1712, August 3. 

10. Lydia, b. 1714, May 12. 

11. William, b. 1716, July 17. 

12. Samuel, b. 1718, August 31. 

The children of Thomas^ Gray, (Edward^) and Anna, his wife, 
were : — 

1. Thomas, b. 1695, May 7. 

2. Edward, b. 1699, Nov. 29. 

3. Anna, b. 1702, Jan. 29. 

4. Rebecca, 1704, August 1. 

5. Mary, 1706, Oct. 8. 

(2 wife, Phebe Peckham, without issue). 

[The above extracts are from J. O. Austin's Gen. Diet., R. I., 
as aforesaid.] 

SamueP Gray (SamueP, Edward^) married 1721 (intention 
of marriage Dec. 17, 1720, in Bristol, R. I.), Hannah Kent of 
Barrington, R. I. (b. 1703, died July 1, 1796). 

Their children were : — 

Desire, b. Nov. 27, 1721 ; died Oct. 1, 1732. 

Deborah, b. Oct.. 1, 1723 ; died March 7, 1726. 

Samuel, b. May 12, 1726 ; died March 30, 1813. 

Hannah, b. April 22, 1728; died Feb, 1, 1812. 

Deborah, (2) b. Nov. 26, 1730. 

Lydia, b. March 20, 1733. 

Desire (2), July 7, 1735 ; d. March, 1822. 

Mary, b. July 5, 1739. 

Thomas, b. Sept. 7, 1741. 

Simeon, b. Jan. 16, 1743. 

Lois, b. June 12, 1745. 

There was a Thomas Gray who was born in Little Compton, 
R. I., Sept., 7, 1741. He was son of Samuel, born 1700, April 16, 
and grandson of Samuel Gray, born 1682 and died March 23, 
1712. (Thomas^ SamueP, SamueP, Edward^). 

The first Samuel seems to have been ten years younger than his 
wife, but seventeen years old when married ; this is the record, 


however improbable. The first Samuel Gray also seems to have 
been born after the death of his father, the first Edward. 

Samuel^ Gray (SamueP, Samuel-, Edward^), of Little Compton, 
married Oct, 25, 1750, Deborah Peck, of Bristol, R. I. 

Their children were : — 

Hannah Gray, b. Nov, 8, 1751 ; died in 1755. 

Fallee, b. April 23, 1754. 

John, b. March 20, 175G. 

Simeon, b. April 15, 1758 ; d. 1781. 

Lydia, b. Jan. 22, 1761. 

Elizabeth, b. July 23, 1763. ^ 

Samuel, b. Sept. 29, 1765. 

Thomas, b. April 22, 1767. 

Jonathan, b. March 9, 1771. 

Joshua, b. Nov. 10, 1773 ; d. 1775. 

Nathaniel, b. March 20, 1776 ; d. 1836. 

Loren and Benjamin (twins), b. Feb. 5, 1770. 

Philip" Gray (Edward-, Edward^), married Sarah, and the 
children were as follows : — 

PhiUp, b. April 6, 1728. 

Pardon, b. April 20, 1737. 

Philip (2), b. June 22, 1750. 

Pardon'* Gray (Philip'^ Edward^, Edward^), married Mary, and 
had the following : — 

Job, b. May 14, 1756, m. Juliette Briggs of Tiverton, Dec. 
16, 1781. 

Sarah, b. May 3, 1758. 

Edward, b. July 8, 1759, had daughter Elizabeth, who married 
William Briggs Oct. 15, 1778. 

Mary, b. August 3, 1761. 

Lydia, b. March 15, 1763. 

Abigail, b. Aug. 2, 1764. 

Philip, b. Feb. 2, 1766. 

Pardon, b. Oct. 11, 1767. 

Hannah, b. May 2, 1769. 

John, b. May, 20, 1772. 

Thomas, b. Nov. 28, 1774. 


Mary, b. Nov. 18. 1776. 

Thomas' Gray, born Feb. 4. 1704, son of Edward^ (Edward^) 
married Elizabeth Sweet, March 21, 1722; m. (2) Sarah Bennet, 
Nov. 19, 1729. Notice of intention of marriage between Thomas 
Gray and Sarah Bennet, both of Tiverton, was entered October 
28, 1728. The son of Thomas Gray and Elizabeth (Sweet) his 
wife was: Edward Gray,b. January 14, 1725. 

The children of Thomas" Gray (Edward-, Edward^), and Sarah 
(Bennet), his second wife, were : 

Thomas Gray, b. Jan. 27, 1729. 

Daniel, b. Oct. 14, 1731. 

Mary,b. Oct. 14, 1733. 

John, b. Sept. 19, 1736. 

Ehzabeth, b. Jan. 30, 1738-9. 

Phebe, b. Nov. 17, 1740. 

Sarah, b. March 17, 1742-3. 

Gideon, b. Aug. 7, 1745. 

Phebe Gray, widow of John Durfee, to whom she was married 
Dec. 15, 1757, died Feb. 12, 1819. The record says she was aged 
79 years, 2 months, and 29 days. 

Thomas, son of Pardon Gray, b. Nov. 28, 1774. 

Thomas, son of Edward Gray, b. Nov. 25, 1756. 

Thomas* Gray (Thomas', Edward-, Edward^), son of Thomas* 
Gray and Sarah Bennet Gray, his wife, was born Jan. 27, 1729. 
He was married to Abigail Brown, born Feb. 21, 1731-2, daughter 
of Abraham Brown and Sarah his wife " in Tiverton in ye Colony 
of Rhode Island on ye fifth of November, A.D. 1747, by Samuel 
Durfee, justice apeace." Thomas Gray afterward settled in Bristol, 
II. I., where he bought of Nathaniel Munroe a large tract of the 
famous Mount Hope Lands. The purchase was made Jan. 17, 
1769, in the ninth year of His Majesty's reign, and recorded 
January twenty-first, 1769, in Book no 3, page 220, of the Records 
of Land Evidence for said Bristol. Accordmg to the cen- 
sus return of Bristol in the year 1774, Thomas Gray was residing 
there at that time. His family consisted of one male above 16 
years, three males under 16 years, two females above 16 years and 
two females under 16 years. Total in family eight persons. 


Thomas Gray was illustrious in the service in the War of the 
Revolution. In 1775, both Houses of the Legislature of Rhode 
Island joined in the grand committees of the Army of Obser- 
vation. Thomas Gray was commissioned as Captain, Silas Talbot 
as Lieutenant and Reuben Sprague as ensign, for the Ninth Com- 
pany, to be raised in the counties of Newport and Bristol. Officers 
for the other companies, were also commissioned at this time. 

These companies for the various counties, says the author of the 
'' Spirit of Rhode Island in the War of the Revolution," soon filled 
up, and were on theu- march to join the grr.nd army near Boston. 
Never, perhaps, had " His Mnjesty an army sooner enlisted and 
equipped for his service than this Army of Observation of Rhode 
Island in 1775. The blood of the martyrs at Lexington was as 
'seed' which was soon scattered over the whole country, and it 
fell on ' good soil ' in every part of the land, and by the blessings 
of God ' brought forth fruit abundantly.' A fire was kindled in 
the breasts of men that burnt up the ' tory stubble ' in the colony, 
and was not extinguished until Great Britian herself acknowl- 
edged our independence, based upon the principle that whenever 
any form of government becomes destructive of its ends, it is the 
right of the people to alter or abolish it and to institute new 
government laying its foundation on such principles and organiz- 
ing its powers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to 
effect their safety and supremacy." 

1776. — Captain Thomas Gray was commissioned as Lieutenant 
Colonel of the First Regiment, Bristol County, R. I. Nathaniel 
Martin, Esq, was Colonel and Jesse Maxom, Esq., was Major. 

Thomas Gray afterward was commissioned as Colonel and con- 
tinued his service in the War of the Revolution. 

The children of Thomas Gray and Abigail (Brown) Gray, his 
wife, were : — 

1. John Gray b. ; m. . 

2. Meribah, b. ;m. Shaw; m. (2) Mum-oe. 

3. Ruth, b. ; m. Thomas Waldron, Feb. 1, 1778. He 

settled in the state of Pennsylvania. 

The children of Ruth and Thomas Waldron, her husband, as 
given in rhyme of the old folk were : — 


" Steady Nat, Skinner John, 
Kean Billings, Great Tom, 
Pleasant Ambrose, Oh, dear Ben, 
Nice Josie, Throupe and Sam, 
Pre'ty Abbit and " 

4. Abigail, b. ; m. Peck. 

5. Pardon, b. 1764 ; m. Reliance Davis, b. 1764. 

Thomas Gray died in Tiverton 1803. while there after attending 
a funeral, according to one account, the funeral of his bi-other 
John ; according to another account, that of his son John. In his 
will, made Nov. 7, 1803, and proved Dec, 5, 1803, Thomas Gray 
declares that his son John was tlien deceased. 

Mrs. Thomas (Abigail Brown) Gray died in Bristol, R. I. at the 
old homestead on Metacom Avenue. Both were buried in Tiver- 
ton, R. I. 

The will made 1803, Nov. 7, was proved 1803, Dec. 5. To his 
wife Abigail all his household furniture and indoor movables ; also 
his negro woman " Hannah " and negro boy '' Richard, " together 
with riding mare, woman's saddle, one cow such as she may choose 
from among his cows at the time of his decease. Also that his son 
Pardon furnish and provide for the aforesaid Abigail, yearly so 
long as she remam his widow, two hundred weight of good beef, 
and two hundred weight of pork, fifteen bushels of merchantable 
Indian corn, thirty weight of flax and twenty weight of wool, and 
to pay her twenty dollars yearly, so long as she remains his widow : 
his son Pardon to cut and draw to the door as much wood as may 
be necessary for her use. To have a privilege in the orchard for 
as much fruit, summer and winter, as she may need for her own 
consumption, and to be furnished with three barrels of cider 
yearly, provided the orchard affords as much. Also his wife Abi- 
gail to have the use and improvement of all the new part of his 
dwelling house situated in the Townshij) of Bristol, with the 
garden to the northward, with the privilege of keeping any kind 
of poultry in and about the hou'^e and yard. Also that his son, 
Pardon Gray, furnish keeping, summer and winter, for the horse 
and cow so long as she remains his widow. He mentions in his 
will his son John, deceased, to whom he had deeded his share of 
the real estate to be distributed amongst his children and to his 


wife. He gives to John's children one dollar each. To his son 
Pardon, all his lands and buildings thereon situated in the Town- 
ship of Bristol. To daughter, Meribah Munroe, one hundred and 
twenty dollars. To daughter, Ruth Waldron, one hundred and 
thirty dollars. To daughter, Abigail Peck, one hundred and 
twenty dollars. The remamder of his estate to his son Pardon, 
further to enable him to j^erform the duties enjoined upon him by 
his will. His son, Pardon Gray, was sole executor. 

Pardon"' Gray (Thomas'*, Thomas^ Edward-, Edward'), born in 
1764 ; married Reliance Davis, born in 1764. Pardon Gray died 
in Bristol, R. I., August 16, 1826, in his 63d year. Mrs. Reliance 
(Davis) Gray died Nov. 9, 1838, in her 75th year. Their burial 
place is in Bristol. Their children were : 

1. Elijah, b. ; m. Lydia Jones ; m. (2) Caroline Twiss, 


2. Thomas, b. ; m. (1) , m. (2), Chase. 

3. Lydia, b. ; mai-ried Liscomb. 

4. Ann Davis (called sometimes Nancy), b. ; ra. Aug. 31, 

1817, Sylvanus Goff, their daughter Emily Goff, married Hon. John 
W. Davis, a prominent merchant, and Governor of Rhode Island. 

5. Sarah, b. ; married Liscomb. 

6. John, b. ; married Althea Meiggs, had several daugh- 
ters, and son John, who studied for the ministry and was rector of 
a Reformed Episcopal Society. 

7. Gideon, b. Oct. 10, 1804; married Dec. 3, 1826, Hannah 
(Metcalf) Orne, daughter of Joseph and his wife, Jane (Metcalf) 
Orne ; Hannah b. Nov. 19,1798. He died Dec. 13, 1871. His 
wife, Mrs. Hannah Gray, died Aug. 14, 1885. 

8. Reliance, b. ; married James Meiggs. Had several 

sons and daughters. 

9. Mary Durfee, b. ; died young. 

The children of Gideon Gray an J Hannah (Orne) Gray, his 
wife, were : — 

1. Wilham Bramwell, 1). Dec. 12, 1827; m. Apr. 5, 1852, Martha 
Hale White, da. of Henry White and Betsy (Tibbets) White. 

2. Gustavus Tucker, b. Sept. 7, 1830; married Jan. 2, 1853) 
Caroline Bourne Cooke, di. of Nicholas W. Cooke and Almy G. 
(Merrill) Cooke. 


3. Eliza Jane, b. June 15, 1829, d. Aug. 21, 1842. 

4. Charles Sidney, b. Oct., 1831-2, d. Oct. 18, 1838. 

5. Maiy Hannah Gray, b. Mar. 28, 1835; ra. Oct. 23, 1861, 
Augustus Peck Clarke. She d. in Cambridge, Mass, May 30, 1892. 

6. Louisa Bailey Gray, b. July 29, 1837; m. Aug. 27, 1857, 
Leonard Bradford^ Wright, son of Leonard and Nancy Bradford^ 
Wright. He was b. July 4, 1837. Louisa died April 14, 1881. 
Their children were : 

1. Charles Sidney Wright, b. Dec. 9, 1858, died young. 

2. Herbert Bradford Wright, b. Apr. 27, 1860. 

3. Ellestein Louise Wright, b. May 8, 1862, 

4. Winfield Elmer Wright, b. Apr. 23, 1864. 

5. Jennie Gray Wright, b. May 12. 1866, died young. 

6. Jennie Gray Wright, b. Sept. 3, 1867. 

7. Leonard Smith Wright, b. Apr. 20, 1869, died young. And 
others also that died young. 

Mrs. Nancy Bradford Wright, the mother of Leonard Brarlford 
Wright, was a lineal descendant in the eighth generation in descent 
from William Bradford, the Mayflower pilgrim. 

(Nancy"*, William', William*^, William^, SamueP, John', Wil- 
liam-, William^). William' Bradford, the sixth child of the Hon. 
Samuel and Sarah (Gray) Bradford, was born at Plympton, in 
Plymouth County, Mass., Nov. 4, 1729 (O. S.). He studied medi- 
cine under the direction of Dr. Ezekiel Hersey, of Hingham, an 
eminent physician of that time. He married Mary Le Baron, the 
daughter of Dr. Lazarus Le Baron of Plymouth, Mass., in 1751. 
Lie then commenced the practice of medicine in Warren, R. 1, and 
is said to have been highly successful. The town records of Bristol, 
R. L, show that in 1758 he had become a resident of Bristol. He 
soon after commenced the study of law. In 1761, he was chosen 
as a representative for Bristol in the General Assembly. 

In 1764 he became Speaker of the House of that body ; was 
Deputy Governor 1775 and 1778, and Senator in Congress from 1793 
to 1797. His public record constitutes an important part of the 
histor}^ of Rhode Island. 

William" Bradford, of the sixth generation in descent from the 
Mayflower ancestor, had the title of Major. He was the son of 


William Bradford and Mercy (Le Baron) Bradford, and was born 
in 1752. He married Elizabeth Bloom James in 1777. He died 
Feb. 29, 1811 ; she died Dec. 30, 1852, aged 74 years. 

William" Bradford, of the seventh generation, had the title of 
Captain. He was the son of Major William and Elizabeth Brad- 
ford. He was born Feb. 2, 1781. He married Mary Smith, Feb. 1, 
1804. He died April 23, 1851. She was born Dec. 10, 1782; 
died Nov. 6, 1869. 

Nancy^ (Smith) Bradford, daughter of Captain William' Brad- 
ford and Mary Smith Bradford, his wife, was born April 7, 1811. 
She married Leonard Wright, April 11, 1830. She died August 
31, 1878. 

7. Marilla Fiske Gray, b. Feb., 1839, died Nov. 16, 1839. 

Robert Gray, the discoverer, was a descendant of Edward Gray 
of Plymouth. He was born in Tiverton, R. I., in May 1755 ; died 
in Charleston, S. C, in 1806. He commanded the Sloop "Wash- 
ington," which was fitted out with the ship " Columbia," by mer- 
chants of Boston for the purpose of trading with the natives on the 
northwest coast. The vessel sailed on the 30th of September, 
1787, and carried with them medals for distribution among the 
Indians, bearing on one side a ship under sail with the words 
" Columbia " and Washington commanded by John Kendrick, and 
on the reverse "fitted out at Boston, North America, for the 
Pacific Ocean " by encircling six, the proprietors. 

He returned in 1790, on the " Columbia," by the way of Canton, 
China, and was the first man to carry the American flag around the 
globe. Later he made a second voyage, and on the 11th of May, 
1791, discovered the mouth of a great river, to which he gave 
the name " Columbia," after his own vessel. Subsequently he 
commanded trading vessels from Boston until his death. Asa 
Gray, of Tiverton, R. I., from 1820, for sevei-al years, held the 
office of Town Clerk, also was a Justice of the Peace. 

For a further notice of the life and illustrious service of Captain 
Robert Gray, descendant of Edward Gray of Plymouth, the follow- 
ing account is taken from the Boston Journal, under date May 
10, 1892. It is entitled " A Memorable Anniversary : " 


Today with fitting ceremonies there is boiug observed in the far-away- 
city of Astoria, Oregon, an anniversary in whicli Bostonians have an impor- 
tant interest. It is the centenary of the discovery of the great Columbia 
Kiver by Captain Gray of the ship Columbia of Boston, the first merchant- 
man flying the Stars and Stripes to visit the northwest coast of America, und 
the first to circumnavigate the world. 

The voyage of the Cohxmbia gave a notable evidence of the commercial 
enterprise and nautical daring of early Boston. The ship and a tender 
known as the Lady Washington were built in 1787 by Messrs. Barrell, 
Brown, Bulfinch, Derby, Hatch and Pintard, Boston merchants. The Col- 
umbia was 220 tons burden — less than half as large as the average three- 
masted schooner of the present day — and the Lady Washington was a sloop 
of 90 tons, about the size of the ordinary Gloucester fisherman's. In these 
two pigmy vessels a band of bold Boston sailors set out to face the rigors of 
Cajie Horn, the cannon shot of jealous Spaniards (who then claimed sole 
dominion over the whole Pacific Ocean) and the plots and stratagems of 
fierce savages. 

Captain Kendrick commanded the Columbia and Captain Gray the Lady 
Washington, when the little squadron set sail from Xantasket Roads, on 
Oct. 1, 1787. In the South Atlantic they were separated by a storm, and 
the sloop out-stripped her larger consort and reached ISTootka, Vancouver 
Islands, August 2, 1788, ten mouths from Boston. The Columbia, which 
had to put into Juan Fernandez for repairs, did not arrive until nearly two 
months later. Here Gray and Kendrick, the two captains, exchanged ships 
and, securing a load of furs by barter with the Indians, the Columbia, under 
Gray's command, crossed the Pacific to China, and there took a cargo of tea 
for Boston, reaching her home port in August, 1790. Tradition has it that 
this first voyage of an American ship around the world was not a profitable 
one. But our Boston merchants were not daunted by the unfortunate 
results of their first venture. The Columbia was immediately fitted out 
again, and sailing from Boston on Sept. 28, 1790, reached the northwest 
coast for the second time June 5, 1791. Kendrick in the Lady Washington 
meanwhile had been buying land and trading with the Indians. His deeds 
he sent by way of China to the State Department at Washington, where 
they afterward proved of inestimable value in establishing oar tiLle to the 

In the spring of 1792, Gray in the Columbia, and Harwell, his mate, in 
a small sloop, the Adventure, which had been built during the winter, partly 
of material brought from Boston — the first American vessel ever launched 
on the Pacific — set sail on a voyage of discovery. It is an interesting his- 
torical circumstance that on April 29, while sailing southward, he met at 
sea, George Vancouver, the English explorer, who was then coming up the 
coast; Vancouver had sailed by the Columbia River without seeing it, though 
the keen-eyed Yankee captain had sighted it as he was sailing northward on 


his second voyage from Boston tlie spring before. Gray generously acquainted 
the Englisliman with his discovery, and further told him that strong winds 
and iierce currents had prevented him from entering the mouth of the great 
river. But Vancouver apparently did not realize the significance of the dis- 
covery, for the two fleets parted and the American vessels were left to pur- 
sue the voyage alone. On IMay 7, Gray entered an inlet known as Bulfincli 
Sound, where he repulsed an attack from ihe Indians. On May 10 he left 
this place, and the following day, aided by favoring breezes, sailed over the 
bar into the great river whose entrance he had unsuccessfully attempted a 
year before. Anchoring ten miles within the bar, he named tlie river after 
the good ship whicli had borne him over so many oceans, and, like the true 
Bostonian that he was, he also named the jutting points at the harbor's 
mouth Cape Hancock and Point Adams. Subsequently he sailed some 
twenty miles farther up the I'iver, beyond the siteFuf the present city of 

Tills week Astoria is celebrating the achievements of this dauntless 
Boston captain and his good crew. Though Gray, who had been in the 
Continental Navy, died leaving a widow and children in poverty, and 
though Kendrick of the Lady Washington perished Vt^ith Cook in the 
Sandwich Islands and his ship was lost, Boston enterprise followed up the 
discoveries of these gallant sailors, and Astoria was founded by Boston mer- 
chants in 1810, a year before the first of the Astors began his fur-trading 
operations on the northwest coast. A party of the descendants of the brave 
Bostonians who first carried the starred flag into these far nothern waters 
will join this week in the festivities at Astoria. 

The voyage of the Columbia a century ago is memorable not only 
because it helped to add a new empire to our mighty national domain, but 
because it was the first of those great commercial ventures in distant seas 
whicli years after were to bring tribute to our good city from all quarters of 
the globe. 

The following beautiful poem in honor of the ancestress, Dorothy 
Lettice Gray, wife of Edward Gray, the rich merchant who 
settled hi Plymouth, Mass. as early as 1648 was A;\Titten by Mrs. 
Mary H. (Gray) Clarke (Nina Gray Clarke), a short time before 
her death, which occurred May 30, 1892 : 



Dorothy Lettice, sweet Dorothy Lettice, 

Gathering spring flow'rs near old Plymouth rock, 
Followed so soon the Mayflower thy footsteps 

They too for first coming persistently knock. 

Dorothy Lettice, sweet Dorothy l.ettice, 

Kaise thy brown eyes, for is passing thy way 
The rich merchant whose horse hoofs 'gainst the rocks too are kuocking. 

The rich merchant of Plymouth, the Sir Edward Gray. 

Why half hide thy face in anemone blossoms, 

Anemone mayflower, sweetest of spring? 
Thy smiles are fresh comers with bonnet o'erspreading. 

Thou a mayflower sailing with butterfly wing. 

Dorothy Lettice, sweet Dorothy Leltice, 

There's a love tale for thee of ye olden time, 
A Lincolnshire plant merrie England has started 

To gain strength in the soil of old Plymouth's rough clime. 

Dorothy Lettice, sweet maid of the mayflowers. 

Why watch thy knight 'neath thy brow shading har.d? 
A fragant breeze whispers, " Though he's old, over thirty, 

I ne'er could say no to a lover so grand." 

Toward Dorothy LetLice turns the Sir in his saddle. 

His eager steed bends his proud head to his will; 
Quoth the Sir, " I'm thy pilot, my trim little mayflower. 

And through life's roughest waves I will safe guide thee still." 

Further researches show that Edward Gray emigrated from 
England. The Parish Registers of Stapleford Tawney, Essex Co., 
England, as printed at the Private Press of Frederick Arthur 
Crisp, Grove Park, Denmark Hill, London, S. E., 1892, furnish 
the following entries relating to this family, — 

Ano Doni 1623. The fifteenth day of Aprill was baptised 
Edward Graie, sone of John Graie. 

Ano Doni 1621. The twentieth day of Januarie was buried j 
Joshua Graie sone of John Graie. 

The twelfth day of ffebruarie was buried Joan Graie daughter 
of John Graie. 

Alio Doni 16U8. The eight and twentith daie of August was 
baptized Richard Graie sonne of John Graie. 


Ano Doni 1613. The nineth day of October was buried Richard 
Graie sone vnto John Graie. 

Alio Doni 1616. The first day of Januarie was baptised Sarah 
Graie, daughter of John Graie. 

Alio Doni 1620. The sixteenth day of July was baptised 
Thomas Graie, soiie of John Graie. 

Alio Doni 1612. The seauenth day of ffebruarie was baptised 
John Graie, the sone of John Graie. 1642, the Thirty day of May 
was Married Thomas Harding and Sarah Gray. 

Alio Doni 1610. The fine and twentith day of November was 
baptized Josua Graye, sone vnto John Graye. 

Alio Doni 1615. The foure and twentith day of September 
was b-'iptised Rebecca Graye, daughter of John Graie. 

1638. The eight and twentieth day of May was married 
Thomas Perry and Rebecca Grey. 

A John Grey [was] buried the eighth day of March, 1658. 

The following is a summary : — 

Edward Gray was baptized April 15, 1623; there was in the 
parish no further record. 

Joshua Grey was baptized Nov. 25, 1610, and was buried Jan- 
uary 20, 1621. 

Joan Gray was buried Feb. 12, 1621; there is in the parish no 
record of her baptism. 

Richard Gray was baptized Aug. 28, 1608, and was buried Oct, 
9, 1613. 

Sarah Gray was baptized January 12, 1616, and was married to 
Thomas Harding, May 30, 1642. 

Thomas Gray was baptiszed July 16, 1620 ; he has in the parish 
no further record. 

John Gray another son was baptized Feb. 7, 1612 ; he has no 
further record in the parish. 

Rebecca Graye was baptized Sept. 24, 1615, and was married to 
Thomas Perry, May 28, 1638. 

A John Gray was buried March 8, 1658. There is no record in 
the parish of the marriage of John Gray the father of these chil- 
dren, and the name of his wife is not mentioned. 

There is no mention or entry of the baptism of his daughter 


Joan, It is to be presumed that John Gray was not native of 
Stapleford Tawney, but was only for some years a resident of that 

The reeord of the christenings of the parish begins in the 
year 1558 ; so also do those of the marriages and burials. 
Stapleford Tawney is a parish in the 'hundred of Onger in the 
County of Essex, 8 3-4 miles S. E. by E. from Epping, containing 
28o inhabitants. The living is a rectory with that of Mount 
Theydon, united as an arch-deaconry of Essex and diocese of 
London, rated in the King's books at £15, 8, 9 and in th epatron- 
age of Sir Thomas Bart. The church is dedicated to Saint Mary. 
I am unable to give at this writing the name of the father of 
John Gray living in Stapleford Tawney ; he was undoubtedly 
connected with an important branch of the Gray family that had 
for many ages been illustrious in the English annals. 

The family of Gray or Grej^, says Burke in his peerage, claims 
descent from Eollo (born 860 A. D.) chamberlain to Robert Duke 
(1027-1035) of Normandy. Rollo had from Robert a grant of 
the Castle and honor of Croy in Picardy, whence his posterity 
assumed this surname, which was afterward written Gray or Grey. 
The orthography of the name is various. Gray having been the 
usual mode of spelling in ancient times, in England as well as in 

Rollo was the father of John, Lord of Gra}^, whose son Anschetil 
de Gray was one of William the Conqueror's companions in arms 
at the battle of Hastings, and was recorded in the Doomsday Sur- 
vey as Lord of many manors and lordships in the counties of Ox- 
ford and Buckingham. Anschetil de Gray had two sons, both 
named John, one of whom was made Archbishop of Canterbury in 
1206. He was by King John appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland ; 
he died in 1214. His elder brother, John de Gray, had a son, 
Henry de Gray, who was high in favor with King Richard I. and 
King John. 

Walter de Gray, who was probably brother of Henry, was made 
Lord High Chancellor by King John ; in the 17th year of that 
King's reign he was made archbishop of York. 

Henry de Gray had several sons. 


I. Robert of Rotherfield* whose male line euderl in Robert 
was Lord Gray of Rotherfield, in the reign of King Richard II. 

II. Richard de Gray, whose principal seat was at Cordnor in 
Derbyshire. He was ancestor of the Lords Grey of Cordnor, 
whose male line failed in the reign of Henry VII. 

III. John, from whom the most illustrious branches of the 
house of Gray have sprung. He was high in the favor of King 
Henry III., and died in the fiftieth year of that King's reign. He 
was father of Reginald, Lord Grey of Wilton and Ruthyn who had 

John Lord Grey of Wilton and Ruthyn, who died in the 17th 
year of King Edward II. He had issue : 1, Henry Lord Grey of 
Wilton, from whom descended a long line of Lords Grey de 
Wilton, the last of whom, Thomas Lord Grey de Wilton, died 
without issue in 1614 ; his inheritance was carried by Bridget into 
the family of Egerton, created in 1801 Earl of Wilton. 2, Roger 
Lord Grey de Ruthyn, the ancestor of the illustrious house of 
Grey, Earl of Kent. The elder line of this great family failed in 
Henry Earl of Kent, who died without issue in 1639, when his 
sister Susan carried the barony Grey de Ruthyn into the family of 
Longueville, and thence through the Yelvertons, earls of Sussex, 
into that of the Marquis of Hastings. 

The younger line of the earls of Kent attained to ducal rank in 
the person of Henry, Duke of Kent, in 1710 ; on his death in 
1740, his earldom and dukedom became extinct. He is repre- 
sented as the co-heir in the female line of Earl de Grey. A 
younger branch of the Lords Grey de Ruthyn "^.ttained to the 
highest importance. It was founded by Edward Grey, uncle to 
the first Earl of Kent, who acquired by marriage the barony of 
Ferrers and of Groby [Leicestershire]. His eldest son, John Lord 
Grey of Groby, married Elizabeth Wydville, afterward queen of 
King Edward IV., by whom he had issue, Thomas Grey, created 
in the 15th year of his age Marquis of Dorset, in 1476, by his step- 

♦Dugdale states that Robert of Rotherfield and Walter, Arclibishop of York, were 
the sons of Henry de Gray, while Collins says that tUey were nis brothers. It would 
seem from the chronology that Walter at aU events must liave been brother of Henry 
(see Burlce's note). 


father. His grandson, Henry Marquis of Dorset, married Frances 
Brandon, granddaughter to King Henry VII.; he was created 
Duke of Suffolk and was beheaded 1554. His unfortunate 
daughter Jane was seated for a few days upon the throne of Eng- 
land. From his younger brother John the earls of Stamford are 

IV. William de Grey was seated at Sandiacre, in the County 
of Derby, and was ancestor of the Greys of Sutton, whose inheri- 
tance passed by a daughter to the family of Leake, Earl of Scars- 

V. Henry de Grey. 

These families of Grey l)ore for arms, barry of six argent and 
azure, in chief three torteaux. Tliere is also a family of that name 
of great antiquity in the County of Suffolk, descended from the 
same stock and bearing the arms, viz. : De Grey Lord Walsing- 
ham, so created in 1780. 

Another great branch of the house of Grey has been seated for 
ages with baronial rank in the North of England, and have 
adopted different armorial bearings, viz.: gules, a lion rampant 
with a border engrailed argent. The ancestor of this family was 
Sir John de Grey of Berwycke, in the County of Northumberland ; 
he was living in 1372. He was father of Sir Thomas Grey of 
Berwycke andChillingham; he died in 1402, and left issue by Jane, 
daughter of John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. There were many 
descendants of this stock. 

I. John Grey of Powis. 

II. Thomas Grey of "VVorke. 

III. The Greys of Scotland. 

IV. Hugo de Grey. 

V. John de Grey. 

VI. Sir Andrew Grey. 

It is believed that John Gray of Stapleford Tawney descended 
from the Dorset branch of the Gray family. The Dorset Grays, 
as is well known, are of great antiquity, and were for many gener- 
ations in high favor with the English kings. Members of this 
family were for centuries seated in Westminster and in other 
sections in and about London ; they attained in older times rank 


and position of the highest importance. In the early settlement 
of this country members of this family emigrated to New Eno-land 
and to the British Provinces. Samuel Gray, an early settler of 
Boston, was of the Dorset Greys, that trace back their descent, as 
has already been stated, to the time of William the Conqueror. 

Mary Hannah Gray Clarke, wife of Dr. Augustus P. Clarke, 
died Monday afternoon, May 30, 1892, at 4 o'clock, at her resi- 
dence, 825 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Mass. Mrs. Clarke 
was born March 28, 1835, at Bristol, R. I., and was a daughter of 
Gideon and Hannah Orne (Metcalf) Gray. She was a great grand- 
daughter of Col. Thomas Gray of Bristol, R. I., an officer illustri- 
ous in the war of the Revolution. She was tRe seventh in descent 
from Edward Gray, who emigrated from Westminster, London, 
England, and settled in Plymouth, Mass., as early as 1643. 

She attended the public schools of her native town, and became 
a pupil in Miss Hannah Easterbrook's school for young ladies. 
During her childhood she resided much of the time with her par- 
ents on the homestead of her fathers. The family consisted of two 
other daughters and of two sons. The two brothers still survive 
her. Each of the different members of the family has been con- 
nected with an evangelical church, and has lived a well regulated 
life and has been strengthened by the blessed assurance of the 
Christian's hope. 

Her parents were Methodists. Her father united with a church 
of that denomination in Bristol, at the age of fourteen yeais, only 
so, however, after confession of faith and immersion. He was 
ever regarded by all who knew him as a most devout Christian. 

Mrs. Clarke had a maternal aunt, who at an early age married the 
Reverend Thomas Wait Tucker, a pioneer Methodist clergyman 
of New England. Mrs. Tucker was a woman of an extraordinary 
intellectual and Christian turn of mind. She no doubt exercised 
a most potent influence over the young girl, not only in the 
choice of studies which she was to pursue, but also in imparting 
at an early age sound religious teaching, which is often condu- 
cive to a healthy spiritual development. For many months at a 
time she dwelt as a companion and favorite in the family of her 


Influenced as she undoubtedly was by the religious instruction 
of her parents and of her near relatives, at the age of thirteen 
years, during a season of a revival of religion in Bristol in 1848, 
she o-ave evidence of conversion. She pressed on, and at the 
command of her Lord and Master, following the example of her 
saintly father, she was baptized at the place in Bristol where the 
bay opens out toward the blue and broadening ocean and where 
many a convert had before repaired and been baptized. She then 
went down into the deep waters and was buried in baptism. She 
did this, she said, that she might arise into newness of life. The 
pastor who officiated on that occasion was a dear friend of the 
family. He had also been educated as a practicing physician. 

Mrs. Clarke was naturally of a happy and pleasant disposition. 
During childhood she was once dangerously ill and for a while 
was not expected to recover. A few years later she barely 
escaped drowning when near the Charles River while she was 
visiting her aimt, Mrs. Tucker, at Watertown, Mass. These 
incidents in her early life miist have deepened her impressions 
relatino- to the uncertainty of life, and must have added to her 
thouo-htfulness regarding the necessity of making complete prepar- 
ation for the life beyond. 

Her mother was a woman of uncommon ability. She had 
lono- been a school teacher in New London, and in Bristol, R. I. 
She was of great piety. Perhaps no better compliment can be 
paid her than by recalling the remark once made concerning her by 
our own neighbor, Mrs. Eaton, the sister of the late Rev. Lewis 
Colby. Mrs. Eaton said that she could most profitably sit at the 
feet of Mrs. Gray, who at that time was past eighty years, and 
could as a little child learn from her out of her wonderful experi- 
ence and still more out of her great knowledge of scripture. 

Mrs. Clarke had had the rare advantage of an uninterrupted 
association with her mother during some portion of almost every 
year until August, 1885, Avhen in the morning, in a moment, in the 
twinkling of an eye, she passed on, as we trust, to the mansions 

Mrs. Clarke was the author of many juvenile stories, books, 
operettas, and lyi-ic poems. She wrote under different pen names, 


but was known, however, as an author, under the name of Nina 
Gray Clarke. Some of her works are " Obed Owler and the Prize 
Writers " ; " Eifie, Fairy Queen of Dolls " ; " Prince Puss-in- 
Boots " ; " Golden Hair and Her Knight of the Beanstalk in the 
Enchanted Forest." 

At the time of her last illness she was engaged in writing in verse 
the story of Roger Williams. This was an attempt to portray the 
true spirit of the great Puritan reformer and founder of lihode Is- 
land, as disclosed by his work and more especially by his teaching 
among the aborigines. It was in the writing of her lyric poems 
that she manifested to the greatest advantage her indwelling 
spirit. In writing she ever delighted to* make appropriate 
allusion to the scriptures. In touching pathos she often referred 
to the circle that gathered in bygone days under her ])aternal roof. 
To illustrate more fully her feelings, I quote the following from 
her poem which she wrote and which was given to the public on 
Feb. 12, 1872. It was entitled "The Smile of my Father :" 

" That smile of my father since borrowed frcm Heaven, 

Even death has not power to enclose in the tomb, 
But to me its pure light forever is given 

To illumine my path in the dark hour of gloom. 
Yes! that smile as a beacon shall e'ermore be beaming 

Whate'er sorrows afflict me or dangers surround. 
And shall point out the way, whether waking or dreaming, 

To our hereafter home in the bright world beyond." 

From another poem, which she wrote and which was published 
June 2, 1873, some two months after the death of our son Har- 
rison, I extract the following lines : 

" Tis of the past the rills now sing, 
And echoes sweet the sad birds bring 
Of tones from forms that haunt us now, 
The loved and lost of long ago." 

" Sweet June, teach us as years glide by. 
And youth is past and death draws nigh, 
To thankful see each lessening year 
The far-off heavens are drawing near." 


The following is from another poem written for the Bristol 
Phoenix, and is called " Angel of Twilight." It opens thus : 

" There's a beautiful angel comes gliding at eve, 
And he bathes his bright wings in the Twilight's calm wave, 
And he loosens the thoughts the bright day doth bind, 
Giving rest to the weary and sight to the blind." 

* * * 

" O Angel, dear angel, to my own soul come down, 
On whom kindest heaven much mercy hath shown ; 
Come lovingly down, bringing ever with thee 
A prayer for the needy, with sweet charity." 

The following is from the poem written after the death of her 
sister Louise : 

" How tenderly spring wraps thy tired form to rest, 

"While summer spreads o'er thee her blossoming show'rs; 
And may we like thee trust that God knoweth best, 
Having faith we shall meet in life's unfading bow'rs." 

The next quotation is from her short poem : " The Bark, the 
Frailest on the Sea : " 

'* My bark is laden deep with love, 
And Faith's the power that can move, 
While Truth alone out-spreads the saiU 
And Hope, the anchor, waits each gale. 
My bark, the frailest on the sea 
Is safe, and bears a bliss for me. 
With treasure such and such to guide. 
The frailest birk stems wind and tide." 

After our marriage, Oct. 23, 1861, during my service as surgeon 
in the war of 1861-1865, Mrs. Clarke tarried part of the time with 
her parents in Bristol. She also spent much time in Boston. She 
took a deep interest in the cause of the Union, She em- 
ployed herself in preparing articles to be sent to the front, 
and was ever ready to visit and to help those who were sick or 
wounded in our hospitals. Several of her letters to me 
while I was in the service are still preserved. They all bear the 


unmistakable impress of her firm faith in God's providence and in 
His overruling all things for the best. These letters were ever 
helpful to me. I am sure without them and the religious 
fei'vor they bore I should not have been able to endure so much 
toil, hardship and privation as I did while in the service. 

After the close of the war and our removal to Cambridge, we 
did not formally unite with any church. Somewhat later we 
attended for a while the Harvard Methodist church, where was 
stationed a preacher whom we had long before known in Rhode 
Island, and who was a warm personal friend of ours. Later still 
we attended another society. It was not, however, until 1884, on 
the settling of the Rev. James McWhinnie, D.D., that we turned 
our faces toward the First Baptist church. We had heard of the 
Reverend Dr. McWhinnie before he came to Cambridge. We both 
felt that under his preaching we were making important advance 
in religious and spiritual understanding. Our new pastor seemed 
to have all the power and spirit of the old-time masters of the pul- 
pit. Mrs. Clarke was much attached to the chm-ch and was al- 
ways glad to be able to attend the meetings of the sewing circle. 
She loved the pastor and his family. She was greatly pained on 
learning the serious nature of his illness, and felt most severely the 
shock caused by his unexpected death. 

Mrs. Clarke always thoroughly enjoyed the privileges of divine 
service in the house of worship. When abroad she felt it to be a 
great source of enjoyment to attend on the Sabbath some kind 
of religious meeting. Whoever in her presence spoke ill of the 
Bible and of its noble teachings did so only at the loss of her 
respect. She was not afraid of the infidel. Her wit and sar- 
casm always proved an insurmountable barrier against such im- 
pious attacks. 

Mrs. Clarke was a lover of music. She had the gift of song to 
an unusual degree. She composed several pieces of music as well 
as the words adapted to their use. 

In her remarks made during her serious illness, which extended 
back for more than a year, she often referred to the " beautiful 
city," and of the final meeting together of the friends of the 
redeemed, and expressed that being buried in baptism and rising 


out of the water were a fit emblem not only of the purifying of 
the soul, but also of the bursting asunder of the gates and bars of 
death. ' 

She was a true and confiding wife, a true mother, a true friend 
to the needy, with love for all, and with malice toward none. 
She has gone from us. She has left a priceless legacy, a stainless 
record, and an all-inspuing example for good work, for noble pur- 
pose and for genuine Christian fellowship. She had faith above 
measure in the righteous promises of God, faith in Christ as re- 
vealed by His word, and as exemjjlified in the lives of that count- 
less army of the redeemed who have lived as witnesses to His 

As she realized more and more that this world was fast reced- 
ing from her view, the hidden mysteries of truth seemed more 
open to her vision. The reading of the scriptures to her was 
more comforting ; the voice of praise and of song was indeed 
solacing. She finally fell asleep, bearing in her latest thoughts, 
as she had before whispered in my ear, the deep conviction 
and firm faith that she should live again, that she should be raised 
to the joyous greetings and to a never ending day. 

The above, relating to Mrs. Clarke, was wi'itten for the records 
of the First Baptist Church of Cambridge, by her husband, 
Dr. Augustus P. Clarke, of Cambridge, Mass., Jime 24, 1892. 



The arms here presented are from the ancient genealogical rec- 
ords of England. The quartering is with Hendley, whose heir- 
esses were married into the Home family. The following is the 
description : — 

Arms. — Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gules, a fesse vair, for Home. 

2d and 3d. — Paly, bendy, gules and azure, eight martlets, in 
orle, or, for Hendley. 

Crest of Home. — An owl proper. 

Crest of Hendley. — A martlet or. 

The motto, " Cornu mei salutis de super venit," — " The horn of 
my salvation cometh from above," was not originally given, but 
has since been added. 

Branches of this family were seated in Kent, Norfolk, Sussex, 
Middlesex, Leicester, and in other counties of England. 



Though the name Home is of considerable antiquity in the 
British annals, the name Orne does not appear. In manuscript 
No. 60 of the old genealogical pedigrees of Kentish families, also 
in those of York, numbers 213-224, appears the name of Home. 
Richard Horne is found in the old writs of Parliament as " Placide 
de quo warranto." (See Bardsley's English Surnames, Loudon.) 

In that part of France, formerly called Normandy, Orne is the 
name of a river that flows into the Enghsh Channel. In old 
French, the name of the river was " OlernjB " and also " Olina." 
In the more modern French, the name was contracted into Orne,* 
which has been aflixed to a department of Normandy in the 
northwest of France. 

In New England the earliest known record which we have of 
Orne is that of John Horne, who settled in Salem in 1630. Ac- 
cording to Savage, John Horne came in the fleet with Winthrop, 
though be may have been here at an earlier date ; he became a 
freeman in Salem, 18 May, 1631 ; he was a deacon and Bentley 
says that in 1680, he required an assistant, since he had been 
in that ottice above fifty years. In the earliest records of Salem 
his name is spelled " Horne." He died in 1680, and left a will, 

* " Of the names and Arms of tlie forty soldiers of King WiUiam the Conqueror 
•with as many monks," (Plate III, vol. 1. p. 252) is " Eucas de Novo Burs^o, with 
Olane, the holy Monk of the Monastery." (See Fuller's Church History). Olane, the 
name of one of the great soldiers of the king's retinue, is the nearest in form of any to 
that of Orne. Inasmuch as holy monks in that early age were not addicted to mar- 
riage t and the name in the illustrious families was not continued, it is to be pre- 
sumed that it had no connection with families by the name of Horne or Orne. 

tl am not unaware that Chaucer says that monks did sometimes marry; he does 
not say this of holy monks, or of such as were of the king's household. Hollinshed 
mentions as among those who came with William the Conqueror an " Orinal," and 
Stow in his Cmonicle has " Orinali." These names and many others that have been 
given in the lists are believed to have been fabricated by the old monks, and not to 
Save been names of real persons who came over to England at the time of the 


which he had signed as " John Orne." Since that date his 
descendants have signed their name as Orne, as appears from the 
records preserved by the town clerks of Salem and of other 

The following is gleaned from the parish register of St. James, 
Clerkenwell, London, England : 

Dec, 27, 1565, Thomas Horner, son of John Horner, was 

Richard Home, son of Thomas Home, was christened Nov. 19, 

John Home, son of John Home, was christened Sept. 11, 1608. 

William Home, son of John Plorne, was christened in St. James 
Clerkenwell, London, June 9, 1609. 

Bartholomew and Clement, sons of William Home, a bastard, 
was christened Feb. 26, 1632, 

Danyel Home, son of Mr. Edward Home (Horner), gent., 
and Frances his wife, was christened Jan. 1, 1621, in St. James 
Clerkenwell, London. 

Allen Home, son of John Home, was buried at St. James, 
Clerkenwell, Sept. 5, 1601. 

Ajsril 7, 1661, at St. James, Clerkenwell, was christened George 
Home, son of Henry Horne. 

Oct. 24, 1675, at St. James, Clerkenwell, was christened Mary, 
daughter of Richard Horne. 

Oct. 4, 1596, in the same parish, was christened Joane, daughter 
of Jerome Horne. 

Dec. 20, 1685, at the same parish, was christened Thomas 
Horne, son of Thomas Horne and Judith Arnold, his wife. 

The record at Clerkenwell that John Horne was christened Sep- 
tember 11, 1608, and that William Horne was christened June 9, 
1609, is in accordance with a family tradition that the ancestors 
John Horne, of Salem, and William Horne, who early settled at 
Dover, N. H., had both emigrated from London, England. 

There is no evidence thus far to show that either of these per- 
sons emigrated from Scotland or was of French descent, as some 
of the descendants have thought the name indicated. 

It is well known that in some parts of England the letter " H " 


in certain words and names, as hospital and humble, is not sounded, 
while in other words not commencing with " H " a strong aspirate 
sound like that in " H " is frequently employed. Our ancestors were 
not always as particular in writing their names as have been some of 
their descendants. In regard to the origin of the name of Onie 
in N. H., it may be remarked that Isaiah Home and his family, by 
act of Legislature, in 1807, changed their name to Orne. They 
then settled in Wolfboro ; since that date the descendants have 
borne the name of Orne. 

William Home, the first one of the family in Cocheco, the In- 
dian name for Dover, N. H., was taxed 0. 4s. in 1659. He lived 
on Home's Hill on 6th street ; he bought 240 acres of land of 
Elder Edward Star buck, September 20, 1661. He was killed in 
the Indian massacre at Dover, June 28, 1689; inventory entered 
by his widow 15 July, 1699 ; liis wife's name was Elizabeth. She 
was taken captive by the Indians, September SO, 1707. Savage 
says that Elizabeth, the wife of William Horne was from Salis- 
bury, and that she may have married John Waldi-on after the 
death of her husband, William Horne, of Dover. 

The children of William Horne and Elizabeth, his wife, were : 

1. Elizabeth", b. 1, 12 mo., 1661, in Salisbury, Mass. (as by 
Salisbury records). 

2. John'^ b. Oct. 25, 1663 (as by N. H. records). 

3. Joseph^, b. (probably about 1666), was dead in 1717. 

4. Mary-^b. , * (1673). 

5. William^, b. May 11, 1674 ; d. without any children, April 
12, 1697 ; he was of Dover. 

6. Thomas^, b. Nov. 28, 1676. 

7. Margaret^ b. May 10, 1679 ; died, April 12, 1697. 

8. Mercy^ b. (1681), m. Joseph Evans, April 6, 1704. 

Of the children of Jo.seph Horne (of the second generation) was 
a son William' Horne, who had wife Margaret. 

Of the children of William^ Horne and his wife Margaret were : 
Joseph^ Horne, b. (probably about 1724). 
Elenor^ Horne, b. 17 July, 1726. 

•Tradition says that Mary Home at the age of only 13 years was married to John 

Hays, 28 June, 1686. 


William^ Home, b. 30 Dec, 1788. 

Jaraes^ Home, b. 18 January, 1730-31. 

From the records of the town clerk of York, Maine, we find the 
following : 

"Joseph Horne (Joseph Horne^), his children born in York, of 
his wife Temperance, the daughter of Thomas Adams,* viz. : 

Hannah Horne, born June 3, 1755. 

Thomas Horne, born Nov. 26, 1756. 

Sarah Horne, born Sept. 19, 1758. 

Temperance Horne, born Dec. 19, 1761. 

William Horne, born April 10, 1767. 

Sarah Hoi-ne, born Aug. 16, 1772. 

His son Joseph* Horne was born 1751, in Wells, before their 
removal from Wells to York. 

Joseph* Horne married Sarah Jillsonf by whom he had three 
sons and one daughter. Samuel, the eldest, died at sea. David, 
a lad, stepped on a piece of glass which brought on lockjaw, of 
which he died suddenly. Lydia, the daughter, a little girl, fell 
down and cut a vein or artery and bled to death. Joseph*' was 
the youngest ; he learned a trade (the blacksmith's) and was a 
farmer. After the death of his wife Sarah, he is said to have mar- 
ried Elizabeth Jennings and by her to have had a son John who 
went to Montreal, also a son Andrew and a daughter Elizabeth, 
and perhaps other children. 

Joseph' Horne was, according to Bourne's History of Wells and 
Kennebunk, Maine, page 483, a member of Captain Samuel 
Sayer's Maine Company that served in the War of the Revolution 
(1775-1781). Joseph* Hornet was a brave and tried soldier; in 
1775 he was with General Benedict Arnold in his dreadful winter 
march through the Maine wilderness to Quebec, 

The following is taken from the Archives in the State Depart- 
ment in Boston, Mass. : 

Joseph Horn, private, Lexington alarm Noah M. Littlefield's 

*A descendant of Henry Adams, of Braintree, Mass., ancestor of the two Pres- 
idents of the United States of that name. 

t A descendant of Nathaniel Jillson of S. Attleborough, Mass., born there Janu- 
ary 24, 1675; died at Smithfleld, R. I., May 9, 1751 (married 1700, Elizabeth). 

i See Itinerant Preaching, page 11, by Thomas W. Tucker, 1872. 


Co., Col. Moulton's regiment, which marched on the alarm April 
19, 1775 from Wells. Length of service 5 days. 

Muster roll — Captain Sayer's Co., Col. Scammon's Regiment, 
dated August 1, 1775. Time of enhstment, May 3, 1775. Time 
of service, 3 months 4 days. Town to which soldier belonged, 
Wells, Maine, 3 months' service, vol. 16, p. 27. 

Joseph' Horn appears in a descriptive list of enlisted men, 
belonged to Wells, age 30 years (born 1751 in Wells), stature 5 

feet, 6 inches, complexion dark, hair dark, eyes , occupation 

husbandman, time of enlistment April 10, 1778, term 3 years. 
Captain John Fray's Co., Col. Joseph Vose's 1st regiment. 
(Remarks on the descriptive list) birthplace Wells. Dated West 
Point, January 1st, 1781, enlisted by Lieutenant Samuel Wells, at 
Wells, Maine. Muster and Pay-roll. 

Joseph Horn appears with rank of private on the Continental 
Army pay accounts of Captain — Co., Col. Sprout's regiment, for 
service from April 10, 1778, to December 31,1777, — credited to 
Town Wells. Reported in the Major's Company. No Captain 
given. Continental Army, Books vol. 12, part 2, page 22. Jos- 
eph Horn appears with rank of private on the Continental Army 
pay account of Captain J. Pray's Co., Col. Sprout's regiment for 
service from January, 1780 to December 31, 1780. Credited to the 
Town of , residence in Wells. 

Continental Army books, vol. 12, part 1, page 41. 

Joseph Horn appears with rank of private on Muster roll of 
Captain John Pray's Co., Col. Joseph Vose's 1st regiment, 1781, for 
January 1781 — enlisted April 10, 1778, for 3 years. Roll dated at 
West Point vol. 50, page 7 — Worcester Rolls. 

Joseph Horn, private, Muster roll of John Praj^'s Co., Col. 
Joseph Vose's 1st regiment, Feb. and March, 1781, enlisted April 
10, 1778, for 3 years. 

Joseph Horn, private, Captain Sayer's Co., Col. Scammon's 
regiment, Wells, Maine, date not given ; probably August return. 

Reported, — enlisted May, 3, 1775. Coat rolls eight months' 

Vol. 56, page 205. 

Joseph Horn, private, on pay abstract of Lt. ('ol. Sprout's 12th 


regiment, for three months' service in the year 1780, in the Massa- 
chusetts line of the Continental Army. Books : abstract of rolls, 
Vol. 31, page 10. Joseph Horn in Col. Ebenezer Sprout's regi- 
ment, — time for 3 years. Books Militia returns, Vol. 28, p. 186. 

Joseph Horn appears in a hst of men mustered in York 
County, service in Captain Daniel Merrill's Co., Col. Samuel 
Brewer's regiment, by a return, Wells, April 27, 1778, by Nath\ 
Wells' Muster roll — Place of residence Sanford^ — term of enUst- 
ment 3 years; Record, — state and Continental Counties. May 
Muster and pay rolls, Vol. 43, p. 125. 

Joseph Horn appears, with the rank of private. Muster and pay 
roll of Captain James Littlefield's Co., Col. Storer's regiment. 

Time of enlistment, August 14, 1777. 

Time of discharge, Nov. 30, 1777. 

Time of service, 4 months and 3 days. 

Served in the Northern Army. 

Discharged at Quearae's Heights, 15 days' travel included. 

The name of Joseph Horn appears among signatures* to an 
order for Bounty Coat, or the equivalent in money, for the eight 
months' service in 1775 in Captain Samuel Sayer's Co., Col. James 
Scammon's 30th regiment, dated Cambridge, Oct. 27, 1775. 

Payable to Captain Sayer, Coat Rolls, eight months' service- 
Vol. 57, p. title 21. 

Joseph^ Orne (Horn), (Joseph'^, JosephV Joseph'*, William'^? 
Joseph'^ WUliara'), married November, 1793, Jane Metcalf, a 
descendant of Michael Metcalf of Norwich, England, and of 
Dedham, Mass. She was born in Leicester, Mass., July 30, 1776. 

The children of Joseph^', Orne (Home) and f Jane'' (or Jennie) 

* A facsimile of Joseph Horn's signature ^ «'^7^«^^>yS >l<!>->~r«-' one-'^^ham 

as made in 1775, is liere reproduced from a muster and pay roll found in the Mass. 
Military Archives. 

t Jane(O) Metcalf was married to Joseph Orne, Nov., 1793. Jane(6) Orne v?as the 
daughter <>t .Sainuel(G) Metcalf, and Hannah his wife. Hannah, the mother of Jane(f;), 
was the daughter of Thomas and Jane Richardson of (Leicester, Mass. Mrs. Jane 
Richardson was the daughter of Captain Nathaniel Dovsning and his wife Margaret 
Pynchon; both of whom were of illustrious descent. 

WilliHUi I'ynchor , the ancestor of Jane Pynchon, is mentioned by the Indian 
Apostle, the Rev. John Eliot, in his record of the church of Roxbury, Mass. John 
Eliot says that ■' William Pynchon came in the first company ; 1G30 he was ono of the 
first foundation of the chuich at Rocksborough. Mr. William Pynchon was chosen 


(SamueP, Ebenezer^ Eleazar*, Michael'', MichilP) Metcalf were 
Mary (called also Polly or Dolly) Orne, born in Corinth, Vt,, 
Oct. 15, 1794 ; she married Rev. Thomas Wait Tucker. 

Ebenezer' Orne, born Corinth, Vt., April 11, 1796. 

Hannah^ Orne, born in Corinth, Vt., Nov. 19, 1798; she 
married Gideon Gray, and died in Bristol, R. I., Aug. 14, 1885. 

SamueF Orne, born in Corinth, Vt., May 7, 1800. 

Solomon'' Orne, born in Corinth, Vt., Oct 2, 1801. 

Joseph^ Orne, 3d, born June 23, 1805. 

Epithis^ Smith Orne, born Oct. 8, 1808. 

Robert^ S. Orne, born Oct. 10, 1810 ; died Dec. 1, 1895, and 
was buried in Bristol, R. I. 

Ralph^ Metcalf Orne, born Jan. 25, 1813. 

Roslinda' Orne, born April 19, 1815. 

Emeline" Cushing Orne, born Feb. 29, 1820, married Otis 

George' W. Orne, born Dec. 1, 1823. 

Joseph^ Orne, was married in Corinth, Vt., Nov. 13, 1826, 
to Elizabeth Anne Cox. (Town record, says Carr.) 

Joseph" Orne died in Albany, Vt., in 1845. 

Mrs. Jane (Jennie) died in Bristol, R. I., March, 1860. 

The following entries relating to the Home family are from 
the early Dover, N. II., Town records : 

'•Sarah Home, daughter of Thomas Home* by his wife 

an Assistant yearly, so long as he lived among us ; his wife dyed soono after he landed 
at New England ; ho brought four children to N. E. Ann, Mary, John, Maigiet. 
Aftei- some years, he married miis Frances Samford, a grave matron of the church at 
Dorchester. When so many removed from these parts to Plant Coneclcot rivr, he als> 
wth othr company went thithr, and planted at a place called Agawam, and was 
recommended to the church at Windsor, on Conccticott, untill such time as it should 
please (Tod to p vide yt they might enter into church estate among themselves. His 
daughter Ann was married to mr Smith, sone to mrs Samford by a former husband, 
he was a Godly, wise young man, and removed to Agawam with his parents. His 
daughter maiy was married to mr Holiiuke, the son of mr HoUioke of Linn : mr 
Pinohons ancient friend. 

" Afterwards he wrote a Dialogue concernina: Justification, wch was printed anno 
1650, stiled the meritorious price, a book full of error and weakens, and some 
heresies wch the (lenerall Ccurtof ye Massachusetts Condemmed to be burnt, and 
appointed mr John Norton, then Teacher at Ipswich, to confute ye errors contained 

" mrs Prances Pinchon, the wife of mr willia Pinchon ; she was a widdow, a luatrcm 
of the church at Dorchester, wr nir Pinchon married her, she came with the lirst 
company, ano, 1C30." [See Record Com. 6th Report ROxbury Records.] 

* Thomas wa.s son of William [1], the tirst in Dover. 


Judeth * was Lorn in doner (Dover), the 14th day of Jannary 

" William Horn, sonn of Thomas Horn, by his wife Judeth, was 
born in doner (Dover) the 7th day of november, 1702." 

" Thomas Horn, sonn of Thomas Horn, by his v/ife Judeth, was 
born in doner (Dover) the 23d day of October, 1705." 

" Ichabod Horn, sonn of Thomas Horn, by his wife Judeth, was 
born in doner (Dover) the 25th of June, 1710." 

" Mary Home, Dafter of Dannill Home, by his wife Mary, 
borne the 13 of April, 1724." 

" Elener Home, Dafter of William Home, l>y his wife Margaret, 
borne the 17th of July, 1726." 

"Benjamin Home, son of Daniel Home, by his wife Mary, 
borne the 14 Day of January, 1726." 

* The following is taken from the Maine Genealogist and Biographer of Augusta, 
Maine, June, 1877. 

Two brothers, George and Maturin Ricker came from England to Dover, N. H. 
George appeared there in 1G70, and was first taxed in 1672, at Cochecho [Cocheco]. 
Tradition in the family says that he came over with old Parson Reyner and at his 
expense; and that after repaying the Parson, his next earnings went to get his 
younger lirother Maturin over ; Maturin was not taxed in 1672, and the next lists are 
lost. But as to the Reyner matter the difficulty is that the Parson came over in 
1635 and died early In 1669. However, he owned landed property in England, and 
perhaps this tradition may give a clue to the Rickers as to the place they came from. 
George settled in what is now Rollingsford, near the VVentworth pro;ierty. In fact 
he and John Wentworth (the Elder's son) traded in land somewhat. Matviriu must 
have lived near both of them. George and Maturin were killed by the Indians, June 
4, 1706. The original journal of John Pike, who was minister at Dover, which is in 
the Library of the Massachusetts Historical Society, says under date of June 4, 1706, 
George Riccer and Maturin Riccor, of Cocheco, were slain by the Indians. George 
was killed while running up the lane near the garrison ; Maturin was killed in his 
field, and his little son" [Noah] was carried away. The "garrison" was Heard's 
which stood in the garden of the late Friend Bangs. The " lane " was the present 
cross-roads just at the southern base of Garrison Hill. George Ricker married 
Elenor Evans. Her father had been killed by the Indians, doubtless the Mr. Evans 
whom Pike mentions as killed in the massacre, in the times of profound peace. 
Rebecca Ricker is now living in Lebanon, Maine, whose grandfather was ten years 
old when his father, the emigrant was killed, and much older when his mother, 
Elenor Evans, died. Rebecca says that the Indians chained Mr. Evans to Mr. Wal- 
dron's barn as they set it on fire and he was burned to death. He also says that 
Elenor's brother was killed at that time, and records sustain her assertion ; but this 
may not be quite correct, inasmuch as a young John Evans appears by other docu- 
ments to have been taken prisoner, then who died a captive not long after. He was 
doubtless among the killed. George Ricker by his wife Elenor had nine children, 
as follows: Judith, b. Feb. 1. 1681. She was once captive. Pike says 26 July, 1696 ; 
" Being sacrament day. In ambush of Indians laid between Capt. Gerrish's field and 
Tobias Hansom's orchard, shot upon the people returning from meeting; killed, 
Nicholas Otis, Mary Downs, and Mary Jones; wounded, Richard Otis, Anthony 
Lauden and Experience Heard ; took John Tucker, Nicholas Otis's wife and Judith 
Riccar." Belnap adds that the captives were taken to Penobscot, but they soon 
found their way home. This ambush was almost precisely where the Congregational 
church stands. Judith was home again 14 April, 1699, for on that day Parson 
Pike married her|to Thomas Home. She had four children,— Sarah, Ichabod, 
Thomas and William, and was ancestress of various Home families still flourishing. 
But she died, and he married Esther , and had five more children. 


" Judeth Home, Dafter of Thomas Home, sen'' by his wife 
Ester, borne the IGth of august, in the year 1721." 

" Margrett Horn, by his wife Ester, born the 16th of aprill, 

" Samuell Horn, by his wife Ester, borne the 16th of february, 

" Abigal Home, by his wife Ester, borne the 7th Day of Decem- 
ber, 1725." 

" Dreusila Home, Dafter of Thomas Horne, by his wife Ester, 
borne y^ 18th of June, 1727," 

" Paul Horne, the son of Danil Horn, by his wife Mary, Born 
24th May, 1730." 

" Abigail Horn, the Daughter of Daniel Horne, by his wife 
Mary, Born March y^ 28th, 1734." 

" William Horn, y^ son of Wm. Horn, By his wife Margaret, 
Born the 30 Dec, (?) 1728." 

" James Horn y^ son of Wm. Horn, by his wife Margret, Born 
18 Jan^ 1730-31." 

" Esther Horn, Daughter of Thomas Horn, by his wife Esther, 
Born April 26th, 1729." 

" Paul Horn, son of Thomas Horn, By his wife Esther, Born 
septem^ 5th, 1737." 

" William Home and Jane Davis, Were Joyned together in 
marriage by Joseph Hanson Esq. (?) the 14th day of July, 1756." 

"Elizabeth Horn, Daughter of Nathaniel Horn by his wife 
Sarah, was born in Dover February y® 15th, 1738-9." 

" Sarah Horn, the daughter of Nathaniel Horn by his wife 
Sarah, born in Dover, August 13th, 1742." 

"Hannah Horn, Daughter of Nathaniel Horn by his wife Sarah, 
Born in Dover, Septem" 24th, 1745." 


1777, Feb 11, Caleb Horn and Molly Randel, both of Somers- 

1777, April 8, James Chesley and Lydia Horn. 

1778, March 8, Michael Reade and Deborah Horn. 
1781, Jan.y 31, Samuel Heard Horn and Hannah Vicker. 


1782, July 10, Jonathan Horn and Elizabeth Peaslee. 

1784, March 14, David Twomby and Mary Horn. 

William Home died in Dover, 1815, said to be aged 95 (though 
probably only 87). 

William Home, a friend, married 9.10 mo. (October) 1713, 
Mary Yarney, and had Sarah ; b. 1, 6 mo. 1714, who married 31, 
5 mo., 1734, Isaac Hanson. 

Daniel Home had also by wife Mary, Daniel, b. 23d Oct., 

1716, Ichabod b. 5th March, 1720-21. 

A Daniel Home died 7 April, 1777, aged 88 years. 

The names of the children of John Orne (Home), of Salem, ac- 
cording to Savage, were as follows : • 

Recompense, baptized 25 Dec, 1636; Jonathan, 1 August, 1658; 
both died before their father; besides these were the following, 
who outlived him: John, Simon, b. 28 October, 1649, Joseph, Ben- 
jamin, Eliz. Gardner, Johanna Haiwey, Mary Smith, and Ann 
Felton, b. 22 March, 1657. We may presume, says Savage, that 
his wife was Ann, since that name appears in Felt's list of the 
earliest names of the Church. 

Ann Eliz. Home died at Newbury, says CoiBn, 6 May, 1672, 
All descendants in our day, continues Savage, spell their name as 
Orne (as did he in his last will). Nine by the name of Orne are 
counted among the graduates of Harvard. Joseph is the son from 
whom is our best known stock. Chandler speaks in his Family 
Genealogy of Lois Orne and gives the following record : 

William Paine, b. 5 June, 1750, d. 19 April, 1833, in Worcester, 
m. at Salem, Mass., 22 Sept., 1773. Lincoln's papers say m. at 
Hampton Falls, 23 Sept., 1773, by license from His Excellency, J. 

Miss Lois^ Orne, d. of Timothy* Orne of Salem, by his wife Re- 
becca Taylor of Lynn. Timothy* Orne was son of Timothy" Orne, 
who married Lois Pickering, daughter of John'' and Sarah (Burrill) 
Pickering, and he was son of John' and Alice (Flint) Pickering, 
and he was son of John and Elizabeth Pickering. He, Timothy^ 
was son of Joseph" Orne, who m. Ann Thompson, and he was son 
of John and Ann Home. She, Lois Orne, was a young lady with 
a fortune of £3000. The services of plate (magnificent for our 


own as well as for ancient days) which Miss Orne brought into 
the Paine family attest the solidity of her fortune and the lustre 
of her descent, bearing the oft repeated broad shield and the 
ducal coronet of the princely house of Home. Her miniature was 
at the house of Joseph S. Talbot, Esq., Salem, Mass. She died 27 
Feb., 1822, at Worcester, Mass., aged 66. 

It is to be regretted that the author of this singular record did 
not make further mention concerning this "princely house of 
Home," whether it were located in London or Salem, 

Reference to Webber's and Nevin's History of Salem, page 59, 
will show that John Orne, the "illustrious ancestor of this princely 
house " was merely a house carpenter, for it is there stated he was 
employed to build a house which was to be occupied by Hugh 
Peters. This was about 1G51. The following entries in relation 
to John Orne (Home) of Salem, Mass., have been received from 
the city clerk of that ancient municipality, and includes all the 
entries of this family prior to 1750 : — 

Jonathan son of Jo° Home bo., 28 : 5 : 58., and dyed 11:7: 58. 

John Home and Mary Clarke were maried by Major Denison, 
30 of October, 1667. Daughter Mary borne the 23 of August 1668 
and died the 20 : 6'"° 1669, 

John Home, his daughter Sara bom by Mary his wife y'' 26 : 
12'"'', 1669, 

Theire daughter Elizabeth borne ye 27 : 10™° 1671. 

Dau, Abigaile borne 20 : 6'"° 1673— Son John borne the 6*** of 
9™" 1675. 

Daughter Mary borne y^ 25 : 7"'" 1678 : 

Their son Samuell borne the 29, May 1682.— His son Ebenezer 
bo., 29 : 6 : 84. 

Symond Home and Rebecka Stevens widdow were married 
the 28 of February 1675, Theire son Josiah borne the middle 
September, 1677. Son Symond borne y^ 11 : 11™° : 1679. 

Jonathan Home son of John Horne and Naomi his wife 
deceased OctoV 6, 1701. ^ 

Joseph Horne, Anna Tomson were married y* 12 : 5™° : 1677. 

Theire daughter Anna borne the 14 Aprill, 1678. — 

Mercy y'^ daughter of Benj* Horne borne 24'^ Jan'' 1684. 


His dauglit'. Margarett borne y^ 22nd Novemb''. 1687. 
Mary y^ wife of John Home departed this life y* 19"' day of 
June, 1690. 

Lynn Records. 

Benj^ Home deceas'^. Sept. 13* 1702. 

Mercy Horne daughf of Benj. and Sarah Home born Jan. 4 

Their daughter Margaret born Nov. 22, 1687. 

Their son Benj^ born March 14, 169^. 

Jon* Orne son of Jn Orne and Naomy his wife, was borne 
22 November 1693. 

Recompence Orne son of John Orne and Naomy his wife borne 
at Salem January the 20* 169«. 

David Orne son of John Orne and Naomy his wife borne Salem 
13 March 1698. 

Samuel Orne son of Timothy and Lois Orne born Nov' 1710. 

Salem Mecords. 

Clark Gaton Pickman married Sarah, daughter of Mr. Timothy 
Orne, and died in 1781, aged 36 years (date of marriage not 

Lewis Hunt married 1st Sarah Orne and 2nd Mary Bowditch 
(date of mar. not given). 

John Cabot and Hannah Orne, were married October 29* 1702. 

Their daughter Susanna, born July the 1^' between 8 and 9 of 
the o'clock in the morning, anno 1703. 

Their son John born October 26* between 9 and 10 of the 
o'clock at night anno 1704. 

Their daughter Esther born the 11* of June 1706. 

Their daughter Mary born June 4th 1709. 

Their daughter Anna born the 8* of March 171?. 

Their daughter Margaret born June 14* 1713, 

Their daughter Elizabeth born June 12* 1715. 

Their son Francis born May 22*1 1717. 


Mr. Timothy Orne married to Miss Lois Pickering April the 
7"^ 1709. 

Their son Samuel born November 7* 1710 and deceased 
March 7"^ 17JJ. 

Their daughter Lois born March 16* 17j|. 

Their daughter Esther born January 18* 17}^, 

Their son Timothy born June 27* 1717. 

Their son Samuel born January 8* 172^. 

Their daughter Mary born February 28* 17|. 

Their daughter Eunice born January 9* 1725. 

Their daughter Eunice deceased February 8* 1725. 

Their son John born June 16* 1731. 

Joseph Grafton and Mary Orne married Feb'y 13* 17}^. 

Their son Joseph born August 14* 1721. 

Their son Joseph deceased October 4* 1721. 

Their daughter Susannah born July 29* 1722. 

Their daughter Mary born January 15*^ 17^,^ 

Their son Joseph born August 26* 1726. 

Their daughter Anne born December 24* 1727. 

Their daughter Esther born June 6* 1729. 

October 22*^ 1677, John Smith of Charlestown and Maria Home 
of Salem, married by Moses Maverick, Commissioner at Marble- 
head. — Charlestoimi Record. 

Mr. John Cabbot and Mrs. Anna Orne married October 29* 
1702, by Mr. Nichols Noyes. 

Daniel Lambert and Margaret Home married May 6* 1708, by 
Mr. Nichols Noyes. 

Benjamin Eaton and Marcey Orne married November 24* 
1709, by Mr. Nichols Noyes. 

Joseph Grafton and Mary Orne married February 13* 17}9, by 
the Rev"^. W. Samuel Fisk. 

Benj" Orne and Eliza King married November 5* 1721 by the 
Rev*". Benjamin Prescott. 

Mr. Thomas Lee and Mrs. Lois Orne, both of Salem married 
December 29* 1737 by the Rev". Samuel Fisk. 


Mr. Samuel Gardner and Mrs. Esther Orne both of Salem mar- 
ried December 13'^ 1738 by the Rev*^. Samuel Fisk. 

Josiah Orne and Sarah Elvins, both of Salem married July 18* 
1744, by Rev*^. James Dimon. 

Mr. Jonathan Orne and Miss Elizabeth Putnam both of Salem 
married June 28 , 1748, by Rev"^. John Sparhawk. 

The following in relation to the Orne (Home) family has also 
been received from the town clerk of Marblehead : — 


Nov. 28^ 1704, Joshua Orne to Elizabeth Norman, by Rev. 
Sam'l Cheever. 

July 18"" 1728, Joshua Orne, Jr., to Sarah Gale, by Rev. John 

Oct. 26"^ 1730, John Brown to Elizabeth Orne, by Rev. John 

Mar. 15, 1748, Joshua Orne, Jr., to Agnes Galhson, by Rev. 
John Barnard. 

July 10, 1744, John Orne to Abigail Conant, by Rev. John 

Nov. 8, 1757, Samuel Orne to Sarah Preble, by Rev. John 

Dec. 1, 1757, Thos. Richardson to Ehzabeth Orne, by Rev. 
John Barnard. 

April 29, 1760, William Homan to Rebecca Orne, by Rev. John 

Jan. 27, 1754, Azor Orne to Mary Coleman, by Rev. John 

Dec. 19* 1765, Lewisden Bowden to Sarah Orne, by Rev. W". 

Sept. 18, 1766, Richard Richardson to Sarah Orne, Rev. W". 

Sept. 16* 1730, Simon Orne to Mary Osgood, Rev. John 

Oct. 20*, 1768, Jonathan Orne to Priscilla Holgate, Rev. John 


Jan. 25, 1775, Nathaniel Raymond to Elizabeth Orne, Rev. 
W". Whitwell. 

Sept. 29, 1777, Joshua Orne, Esq^, to Mary Lee, Rev. W". 

Oct. 4, 1777, Jonathan Orne to Mary Collins, Rev. W™. 


Dec. 23, 1771, Joshua Orne Esq. to Mary Stacey, Rev. W". 

March 8, 1774, James Trefry to Rebekah Orne, Rev. W". 

April 23, 1786, Hon. Azor Orne to Mrs. Mary Orne, by Sam- 
uel Sewall, Esq. 

Nov. 10*, 1782, John Reed Malcolm to Mrs. Rebekah Orne. 

Auo-. 14, 1783, Capt. Joshua Orne to Lucretia Bourn, Rev. 
Ebenezer Hubbard. 

Dec. 29*, 1785, Azor Orne to Sally Gerry, Rev. Ebenezer 

Nov. 1'', 1789, Joshua Prentiss, Jr., to Elizabeth Russell Orne, 
Rev. Isaac Story. 

Sept. ^'\ 1793, John Orne to Mary Pearce, by Rev. Ebenezer 

July 12, 1795, Jonathan Orne Jr. to Anna Harris, Rev. 
Ebenezer Hubbard. 

Sept. 24, 1797, John Orne to Sally Green, Rev. Ebenezer 

Aug. 8*, 1798, Aaron O. Kitchens to Mary Orne, Rev. 
Ebenezer Hubbard. 


March 30* 1710. Son to Joshua and EUzabeth. 
Oct. 22, 1722. John, son of Joshua and Elizabeth. 
Sept. 22, 1723. John, son of Joshua and Elizabeth. 
Aug. 6, 1726, Benjamin, son of Joshua and EUzabeth. 
Jan. 23, 1728. Caleb, son of Joshua and Elizabeth. 
April 6, 1755. Sarah, dau. of Azor and Mary. 
Nov. 18, 1757. Joshua, son of Azor and Mary. 
March 2"*^, 1761. Azor, son of Azor and Mary. 



Dec. 14, 1722. John, son of Joshua and Enzabeth,l-l-23. 

Aug. 23, 1725. Benjamin, son of Joshua and^Elizabeth, 17. 

Sept. 1^', 1728. Caleb, son of Joshua and Elizabeth, 7-8, 

Jan. 12, 1810. Abagail Orne. Single. 

Dec. 2°'^, 1818. Lucretia, widow of Col. Joshua Orne. 

April 19"", 1820. Azor Orne, son of Col. Joshua Orne, killed in 
a duel. 

Sept. 23, 1820. Jonathan, son of John, 14 years. 

March, 1821. Oliver, son of Joshua and Lucretia. 

Mar. 25, 1825. Abagail P., wife of John Orne, Jr. 

Dec. 16, 1826. Nancy, widow of Jonathan, 60 years. 

March 31^ 1827. John Orne, 61 years. 

Sept. 25, 1838. Jonathan Orne, age 37 years. 

June 30, 1835. Mary, wife of John Orne, 80 years, 6 months. 

March 11, 1843, Ann Orne, 25 years. 

Aug. 8, 1846. Sarah Orne, 76 years. 

Oct. 15* 1847. Joshua Orne, 62 years. 

June, 1796. Hon. Azor Orne, 65 years. 

The above are all the entries on the Record up to 1850. 

The following in relation to births, marriages and deaths from 
1675 to 1840 has been received from the city clerk of Lynn : — 

Timothy Orne and Rebecca Taylor were married in 1747. 

Rebecca, daughter of Simond and Mary Orne, born 1730. 

Lois Orne, born 1768. 

"^Eunice, born 1771. 

Bridget, born 1774, children of John and Bridget Orne. 

The following is from the history of Framingham : 

Submit Horn married Moses Haven, September 17, 1794. 

Robert, ■'"°. married in Southb. Thankful Moore, Nov. 1, 1749j 
and was father of Elizabeth born Aug. 28, 1750, m. Moses New- 
ton 1772. 

•Eunice Orne married Dec. 23, 1796, Aaron Green of the fifth generation in descent 
from James Green -who settled in Charlestown 1634. >(jt">«rt3 

Bourne's History of Wells and Kennebuuk says that Eunice Orne of Lynnfield 
(Lynn) Mass , was married to Benjamin Brown Nov., 1795. Benjamin Brown came to 
Kennebunk in 1782. 


Samuel b. 1753. 

Robert b. 1754. 

Catherine b. 1757, m. Jedidiah Parker and died 1823. 

Robert was son of Robert of Marlb., who m. Elizabeth Maynard, 
1723, and had Robert, b. August 6, 1726; Robert^*^" died in 
Southb. in 1760 or 1763 ; his widow, Elizabeth died 1766. John 
was early of Salem and took the freeman's oath May 18, 1631. 

From this record it would seem that the Home family of South- 
boro, Mass., traced its ancestry to John Orne (Home) of Salem 
(1630). Another evidence that Horn and Orne are the same name 
in this family is from the fact that Samuel Horn, a prominent citi- 
zen of Lowell, Mass., is of the Southboro Horn family, and is the 
son of Windsor and Matilda (Nicholas) Horn. He was born in 
Southboro, Dec. 31, 1806. See history of Middlesex Co., Mass., 
Vol H., p. 108. 

According to an old pedigree, Samuel Horne, rector of Otham, 
in the County of Kent, died August 16, 1768. He married Anne 
Hendley, who died March 10, 1787. Anne was the great grand- 
daughter of Sir Thomas Hendley of Corshorne, Co. of Kent, living 
1619; sherif of Kent, 1616 or 1638. He married Elizabeth da. 
of John Wilford of Enfield, Esq. 

(Anne^ Boyer'' Hendley, Esq., John and Sir Thomas' Hendley). 
The earliest record we have of the Hendley family of Coursehorne 
is that of Thomas Hendley, Esq., brother of Sir Walter ob. 1590 ; 
Sir Walter Hendley of Coursehorne Knt. ob. 6 Edward VI. 

Arms-Quarterly, 1"' and 4"' gu. a f esse vair, for Horne. 

2** and 3*^ — Paly, bendy, gu. and az., eight martlets, in orle, or, for 

Crest of Horne. — an owl ppr. 

Crest of Hendley. — A martlet or. 

According to another old pedigree in the author's possession, 
there was a Godfrey Alchorne of Uckfield, Co. Sussex, Visitation 
of Kent, 1619. He had numerous descendants. Alchorne is un- 
doubtedly an old spelling for Elkhorne, for this family had for 

Arms. — A buck's head, cabossed, sa. a chief, indented, of the 


Crest. — A human heart gu. ducally crowned or, betw. a pah- of 
wings ar. 

Quarterings in Visitation 1619. 

1. Paly of six, ar. and sa. a fesse gu. charged with a fleur-de-Us 
for difference, for Walsingham. 

2. Vert, a lion, rampant, guardant, ar. for Love. 

3. Sa. three rams' heads, cabossed, ar. horned or, for Ram. 
Samuel Home had two sons, viz., William Home, rector of 

Otham, ob. July 10, 1821, aet. 81. He m. Elizabeth, bo. 1st March, 
1738, ob. 4th June, 1774. George Home, D. D., Bishop of Nor- 
wich ; he m. Felicia, da. of Burton, Esq., of Leicestershire. Wil- 
liam Home had son William, clerk of Gore-court, rector of Otham, 
living 1828 ; hem. Maria, da. of the Rev. William Whitear, rector 
of Oare, Co. Sussex, m. 1799. 

George Home, D. D., had Felicia, who m. the Rev. Silby Hele ; 
Maria unmarried ; Sarah, who mar. the Rev. Hole. 

The parish of Coursehorne, or Corshorne, was so named in all 
probability on account of its fine opportunities for the pursuit of 
game. Dryden's phrase, " With horns and hounds," when ap- 
plied in a description of what there was formerly commonly 
observed, would not be deemed inapt. 

An ow4 proper for the crest of Home, like the three rams' 
heads, cabossed ar. horned or, for Ram, suggests the idea that 
names sometimes have their origin m the ensigns armorial of 
famihes. The owl proper or horned for the crest in a helmet, 
conveys to the mind the conception of strength, no less than that 
of ornament. 

As an important mark of personal prowess the surname Home 
shorn of its initial " H," for the sake of euphony or with a preten- 
sion that the family descended from the Huguenots, or from the 
French, is meaningless, for as already intimated, the name " Orne " 
is not found in the lists of the old Celtic warriors or of other valor- 
ous knights. Ornus in Latin signified the wUd mountain ash, and 
also a lance ; no one thus far has Ventured to assert that " Orne " 
is a derivative of " Ornus," and no one who has borne the name 
" Orne " as a part of a Christian name has Latinized it as Ornus in 
a college catalogue. The name " Orne " as Home stands as 


indeclinable. The statement, made in the edition of 1845, of Mrs. 
Lincohi's Botany, that Ornus, an ash, is from the Hebrew is 
erroneous. The Hebrew word, ] "1 ^ aran, occurring in 

Isaiah, chapter 44, v. 14, signifies pinus cedrus, the cedar of 
Lebanon ; the tree was formerly very abundant on Mount 
Lebanon. The wood is odoriferous, and was much used in the 
temple and the royal palace for ornamental work. For a name 
] "^ 5»5 aran has no significance. 

The Latin word Ornus is in the feminine gend-er, and was 
therefore not suitable in the earlier ages for a strong surname. 

An instance of a proper name's receiving an initial "H " is that 
of " Holborn," which was one of the neighboring hamlets in the 
district about London, England, in 1077, and which consisted of 
only a few houses on the banks of the " Old bourn," a stream 
which ran into Fleet river, called " Holborn." 

Other names are occasionally met with that are spelled with or 
without the initial " H," as " Horton," " Orton," " Hoare," "Oare 
or " Ore," " Hyde," " Ide," and the like. Some of the names of 
these different spellings have had a common origin, while others 
are not related. The Italian for our English word " hostile " is 
" ostile," for " host " is " oste." It should be remarked that " H " 
is never sounded in Italian. So also the ^ and ^, letters peculiar 
to the organs of the Shemitish race, have an initial sound of " g," 
slightly rattled in the thi'oat, and in uttering those sounds, the 
mouth must be more open than when pronouncing our English 
vowels. It is the prevailing usage for Europeans and Americans 
at present to pass over ^ and ^ in reading the language, and to 
write the words with the Roman or occidental letters. Scholars 
in their endeavor to sound these letters with only an initial 
spiritus lene, find that the initial spiritus asper is often furtively 
brought out. 

Some of our forefathers having been associated so much with 
the people of Holland, that were accustomed to pronounce certain 
letters of the alphabet with the rough breathing, found it not 
unwise to modify this habit by omitting or changing in the writ- 
ing of their names at a later period some of the rougher conson. 


ants. Many words which we write with an initial " H," in 
Chaucer's time were written without the " H," as " Ector " for 
" Hector " and " Ipolita " for " Hippolita," while others which at 
that period began with "H" no longer have that letter. The 
unsettled state of the English language during Chaucer's time 
(1340-1400) left its impress on the habits of the people. Chaucer 
had a special fondness for the Italian popular writers ; this was 
undoubtedly enhanced by his embassy and residence in Genoa. 
In his own vernacular he made numberless changes which con- 
tributed to the growth and development among the people of the 
methods of the Italian school. Skeat* in speaking of the pro- 
nunciation of Chaucer's dialect says "h" initial==h, just as at 
present ; he says the pronunciation of it seems to have been gen- 
erally omitted in unaccented words as he, his, him, hire^her, hire 
=their, hem^them, and often in hath, hadde, haue, just as we 
still have "I've told 'em;" and in some French words, as "host," 
" honour," " honest," etc., it was probably omitted as at present. 
It will be observed that in the name of John Horn, Horn would 
be imaccented. The accent or the distinguishing element would 
be on " John " as Joh'n Horn= John Orne or John-nOrne. Jos- 
eph Horn=Joseph-phOrne. Jonathan Horn=Jonathan-nOi-ne. 
This pronunciation would be after the style of the Norman 

As the early settlers lapsed into the habit of spelling or of writ- 
ing their names as they were sounded, the employment of certain 
letters appeared to be useless ; consequently they were omitted. 
The signing of the name of John Orne in the form that it was to 
so important a document as a last will and testament would not 
at that time be considered an illegal or an unnatural act. The 
fusion of the Norman and the Saxon nations also made many 
modifications. French was the prevailing language at Court. 
Those who affected to be learned or to belong to the higher 
classes did not hesitate to show this by a resort to manners that 
savored of Norman French or of the post Latin races. 

The name of William Horn at Dover did not suffer through 

* Introduction to Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, page xiv. Oxford edition, by Rev. 
Walter W. Skeat, Litt. D., L.L.D., 1891. 


the influences left by the Norman incursion, but retained its full 
Saxon speUing. Hume makes mention of a curious instance of a 
Norman name that received the initial aspirate " H." Hume says 
that Robert, duke of Normandy, the sixth in descent from Rollo, 
when riding out one day through the town of Falaise, espied a 
certain damsel of mean condition, a skinner's daughter, dancing 
with others near the wayside. The form and comely carriage of 
her body, the natural beauty and graces of her countenance, the 
simplicity of her rural birth, her behavior and attire, pleased the 
duke. That night he had her procured at his lodgings ; she in 
due time bore him a son, who became no other than William the 
Conqueror. Some say that Robert made her his wife. Her name 
was Arlotte. The English afterward adding an aspirate to her 
name (according as the author says was their natural manner of 
pronouncing) termed her a " Harlot," as they do every woman 
who may have been indiscreet. 

(See the Harleian Miscellany, 1793, on the life of King William 
the First, Surnamed the Conqueror). 

According to the Wentworth Gen. Vol. 1. pp. 398-400, 454-6; 
vol. II. pp. 206-9, Mary^, daughter of Samuel" and Patience 
(Downs) Wentworth, b. 14 September, 1757, m. 19 March, 1777, 
Andrew Home, Jr., son of Andrew of Somersworth,N. H., and 
grandson of William Home of Dover, N. H. He was a soldier of 
the Revolution. They lived at Great Falls, N. H. She died 4"^ 
July, 1814. 

Patience" Home, b. 5 January, 1782, m. 10 March, 1803, James 
Dore, born 27 August, 1782. She remembered being present at 
the funeral of her grandfather, SamueP Wentworth. Went- 
worth* Horn m. Ruth Jones and died, having had thirteen chil- 
dren : 

1. Ruth' Home, m. Bumford. 

2. Andrew^ Home, m. Louisa Lord. 

3. Mary*' Home, m. Oliver^ Wentworth. 

4. Thomas^ Home, m. Sally York, of Newfield, Maine. 

5. Veranus Home, m. Mary Hodgdon before he was of age ; 
his wife having paid 1210 " for his time." 

6. Thayos'' Home, m. Edmund Lord of Berwick, Maine. 


7. James^ Home. 

8. Edwin Home. 

9. Seth^ Wentworth Home. 

10. Sylvina" Home, b. 21 April, 1839 ; m. 10 Sept. ,1857, James 
W. Chapman of Boston, Mass., where they lived. 

11. Wentworth* Home lived at Great Falls in 1875. 
Andrew' Home. 

Mary-"' Home. 

Betsey^ Home, m. Amaziah Lord. 

Sarah' Baker, b. 8 June, 1755, m. Ichabod Home of Dover, 
N. H., (of whom see below). 

Daniel Home, b. in 1689. His grandson, • Michael Read, who 
latelj^ died in Dover at an advanced age, and who kept accurate 
records, said that this DanieP Home was a native of Scotland, as 
already mentioned. He died in Dover 7 April, 1777. He had 
wife Mary, who was baptized in Dover, with her son Daniel Home, 
28 September, 1718. She had: 

1. Daniel- Home, b, 23 October, 1716 (of whom see below). 

2. Ichabod- Home, b. 5 March, 1720-1. 

3. Mary- Home, b. 13 April, 1724. 

4. Benjamin'- Home, b. 11 January, 1725-6. 

5. Paul- Home, b. 24 May, 1730. ' 

6. Abigail- Horne, b. 28 March, 1734. 

Daniel" Horne, son of DanieP as above, Uved in Dover ; m. 
Lydia, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Roberts and widow of 
Samuel Ham. 

Daniel- and Lydia (Roberts) Horne had : 

1. AbigaiP Horne, baptised 2 October, 1743, m. 31 Dec. 1770, 
Thomas Watson. 

2. Ichabod' Horne, baptised 6 October, 1745; m. Sarah Baker, 
as above. 

3. Paid^ Horne, baptised 3 July, 1748 ; m. 27 October, 1774, 
Hannah, daughter of Dr. Cheney. 

4. Betsey^ Home, baptised 9 August, 1752 ; m. second wife 
Clement Ham. 

5. Mary'' Horne, baptised 13 October, 1754 ; m. 12 March, 
1776, Win p Watson. 


6. Deborah'' Horne, baptised 31 October, 1756; m. 8 March, 
1778, Michael Reed. He was born in Kilkenny, Ireland, 1741 ; 
emigrated, settled in Dover. N. H. ; died 28 Jan., 1812. 

Sarah' Baker, b. 8 June, 1775 ; m. Ichabod Home. They lived 
on the Tole-end road in Dover, N. H. ; his half-sister Lydia, 
daughter of his mother by a prior marriage to Samuel Home, 
m. Ephraim^ (1761-2) Horne. 

Ichabod and Sarah" (Baker) Horne had twenty- two children, 
ten of whom died in infancy. She died March, 1825. Their sur- 
viving children were : 

1. Lydia« Horne, b. 11 Jan., 1773; m. 22 July, 1807, Captain 
Twoombly, a revolutionary soldier. 

2. Elizabeth'^ Horne, died aged 2 years. 

3. Nancy*^ Horne, b. April, 1777 ; m. James Kimball, and died 
Feb., 1849. 

4. Sally'' Horne, twin with Nancy^ died of consumption aged 
21 years. 

5. DanieP Horne, b. March, 1779 ; m. Sarah Watson, had two 
sons, and died April, 1850. 

6. Mehetabel* Horne, m. Joshua Ham ; she died in 1825, and 
he m. 2nd her sister, Susanna'' Horne. 

7. Otis HorneG, b. 1784 ; hved in Dover. 

8. Samuel'5 Horne lived in Haverhill, Mass, ; m. and had four 
daughters, all married. 

9. Gershom" Horne, m. Eleanor Horne, and died without issue. 

10. Elizabeth"^ Horne, m. 1815, Aaron Watson. 

11. Susanna^ Horne, b. in 1795 ; m. 22 Sept., 1825 (second 
wife), Joshua Horne (as above). 

12. Thomas'* Horne, m. daughter of Joseph' and Betsey 
(Watson) Waldron. 

[Lydia, daughter of Isaac Horne, was m. to James Chesley. 
He was then seventy years of age ; she was twenty-two. 

Peter Horne was the son of William Horne, m. Mercy', died 
in Rochester, N. H. 

Petei-^ and Mercy^ ( Wentworth) Home had : — 

1. Jacob" Horne, m. and lived in Wolfborough, N. H. 

2. Edmund^ Horne, m. and lived in Brookfield, N. H. 


3. Elijahs Horne, m. and lived in Milton, N. H.] 

Lydia Roberts m. Gershom Horne of Somersworth, N. H., son 
of Andrew Horne, who was son of William Horne of Dover. 

William Horne, as said before, was first taxed at Cocheco, 
Dover, in 1659, He is doubtless the William Horne who was 
earlier at Salisbury, Mass. ; deeds of Salisbury lands being on 
record. He bought of Elder Starbuok of Dover, 20 Sept., 1661, 
two hundred and forty acres between Cocheco and Tole-end in 
Dover, parts of which were recently in the posession of his lineal 
descendants. He was killed in the massacre by the Indians, 
28 June, 1689. He had wife Elizabeth and children as before 

William' Horne is said, however, by Wentworth to have had : — 

1. Thomas^ Horne, who, as "only son, quitclaimed land to 
Cousin John" Horne," b, January 1717-18. 

2, Elizabeth'^ Horne, m. Moses Kimmin. 

John Evans of Dover and wife Elizabeth^ , daughter of Moses 
and Elizabeth" Kimmin, and " granddaughter of William^ Horne, 
10 Aug., 1749, for £62 quitclaimed to John Horne all her right by 
heirship by our mother Elizabeth Kimmin," 

Thomas^ Horne, b. 28 Nov., 1676, was of Dover. He m. 1st, 
14 April, 1699, Judith, daughter of Geo. and Eleanor (Evans) 
Ricker, b, 1 Feb., 1681. 

Thomas^ Horne had by wife Judith (Ricker) : — 

1, Sarah'^ Horne, b. 14 Jan,, 1699-1700, 

2. Ichabod^ Horne, b. 7 Nov., 1702. 

3. Thomas^' Horne, b. 23 Oct., 1705, 

4, William^ Horne, b, 25 June, 1710, 

The^ Thomas Horne (perhaps this Thomas'-), who had wife 
Esther, had : 

1. Judith Horne, b, 16 August, 1720, 

2. Margaret Horne, b. 16 April, 1722. 

3. Samuel Horne, b. 16 Feb., 1724. 

4. Abigail Home, b, 7 Dec, 1725, 

5. Drusilla Horne, b, 18 June, 1727. 

Margaret^ Horne, b. 10 May, 1679 ; died in 1697, 
Mercy^ Horne, m. 6 April, 1704, 


Mercy- Home, Joseph Evans' wife, "daughter of William 
Home," 1 Dec, 1748, conveyed to "John^ Home, grandson of 
William^ Home," all her right in land which her father purchased 
of Elder Starbuck in 1661. Their great granddaughter, Hannah 
Evans, m. Lorenzo" Rollins. 

John^ Home, son of William^, as above, was of Dover. He m. 
30 June, 1686, Mary, daughter of John and Mary (Heard) Ham, 
b. 2 Oct., 1668. He died March, 1696-7, and she m. 2nd 29 Aug- 
ust, 1698, John Waldron, and was mother of Mehetabel Waldron 
who married James^ Chesley; and grandmother of Col. John 
Waldron, who m, (third wife) Margaret (Frost), widow of Hon. 
John' Wentworth, Jr. John- Home had (probably others also) : 

1. Johu^ Home of Dover, who, as " eldest son and rightful 
heir," acknowledged 31 Oct., 1717, receipt of 60 acres in Dover 
from " Uncle " Thomas- Home as " full proportion due " his father 
John^ Home, out of estate of William^ Home. He m. 29 Dec, 
1728, Elizabeth Heard. By deeds he appears to have had : 

1. Nathaniel* Horne, to whom his father conveyed land of 
January, 1734-5. He m. Sarah, daughter of Ichabod and Abigail 
Hayes, b. 30 Dec, 1716. Baptisms of three daughters of Nathan- 
iel* Horne are on Dover church records. 

2. Isaac* Horne, to whom his father gave the homestead 14 
Dec, 1749, recorded 18 March, 1773. He is doubtloes the Isaac 
Horne whose daughter Lydia Horne (second wife) m. James 

3. William* Horne, who quitclaimed to John Home, 21 Feb., 
1754, all right in his (William*) father, John's^ estate. 

4. John* Horne. 

2. William^ Horne, probably. He gave receipt in full for £20 
to John^ Horne, 17 July, 1731. Thomas Horne, witness. He 
conveyed this land, with dwelling house then on it, to son Ebene- 
zer Horne and Mary, his wife, 26 Feb., 1754, The same date he 
conveyed to son William^*^ land in Somersworth, N. H., on which 
said son William then lived, (A William Horne, apparently not 
this one, then a "friend," m. 9 September, 1713, Mary Varney and 
had daughter Sarah Horne, b. 1 Aug., 1714, who m. (Ist), 31 July, 
1734, Isaac Hanson, (2d), 2 Jan., 1760, Thomas Tuttle, and died 
in 1812.) 


William'^ Home made will 14 Dec, 1767, proved 29 August, 
1770, mentioning wife Elizabeth (from some language apparently 
a second wife) and eleven children. The married daughters' 
names are given in the will as follows : — 

1. Ebenezer^ Home, who had wife Mary; he "gentleman" of 
Dover, conveyed to Moses Home, 17 Oct., 1777, the land which 
his father bought of John Home in 1772, with two other places, 
excepting three acres he had given to his son William-^ Home. 
The baptisms of five sons and two daughters are on Dover church 
records, including Stephen Wentworth** Home, who was the 
youngest of five children, baptised 31 Oct., 1756; he was collector 
of Wolfborough, N. H., in 1791. 

2. Andrew^ Home, was of Dover, N. H. He had probably, 
with others : 

1. Andrew^ Home of Somersworth, N. H., who m, Mary^ 

2. Jacob'' Home, never married. By will dated 1 Oct., 1808, 
proved 29 Nov., 1808, he left all his property to nephew Jacob" 
Home, son of Gershom' Home. 

3. Gershom^ Home, m. Lydia, da. of Col. James and Martha 
(Woodsum) Roberts. Besides sons James*^ Home, Charles® Home 
and Isaac'' Home, he had : — 

1. Jacob*^ Home, m. his mother's cousin Esther Heard, as in 
above note. 

2. Gershom" Home, b. 4 Dec, 1803, m. 14 Sept., 1830, Abigail 
K. Wentworth. 

3. John*' Home, m, 4 January, 1827, his cousin, Ruth'' Went- 

4. Ephraim* Home, m. Mary Wentworth; their son John® 
Home m. 3 March, 1835, Martha® Wentworth. 

3. William* Home, was of Somersworth, N. H. 

4. Peter* Home, blacksmith, received from his father, 26 Feb., 
1754, land in Rochester, N. H., and lived there. He m. Mercy^ 
Wentworth. His inventory, entered 19 Sept., 1795, including 
eight acres in Rochester, N. H. " drawn to the original right of 
William Home." The dower of his widow Mercy* was set off 
14 Nov., 1800. "Rebecca, daughter of Peter Home of 


Rochester," (doubtless this Peter) m. 20 Oct., 1783, John* Went- 

Peter Home of Rochester, who m. 28 Feb., 1793, Eunice^ Went- 
worth, is said to have been his son. 

5. Moses^ Home, lived in Rochester, N. H., on land joining 
his brother Peter's^; was dead before 1800. Guardians were 
appointed to four children under the age of fourteen. 

6. Sarah"* Home, m. Gould. 

7. Mary^ Home, living at date of her father's will. 

8. Lydia* Home, m. Twombly. 

9. Mercy^ Horne, m. Hussey. 

10. Abigail^ Horne, m. Hayes. 

11. Martha Horne, m. Coj^p. (See Wentworth Gen.) 

The name of Orne in IST. H. appears to have been derived from 

that of Home. In 1807, Isaiah Horne* (Isaiah\ Ebenezer^, Wil- 
liam", John-, William^), and family were named Orne by special 
act of the N. H. Legislature (see vol. 16. p. 405). Others also 
in N. H., after that date, changed Horne to Orne — thus Albert 
"W. Horne of Wolfborough was changed to Albert W. Orne by 
N. H. Special Law in 1828 (see vol. '2b, p. 71). 

Nathaniel Horne, of Wolfborough, was named Augustine 
Woodbridge Orne in 1828 (see vol. 25, p. 71). 

David Ambrose Home was named David Ambrose Orne in 
1848 (see vol. 38, p. 35, N. H. Laws). 

By Act 1829, Chap. 17, Massachusetts Special Laws, the name of 
Benjamin Crosby Horne of Gloucester was changed to Benjamin 
Crosby Orne. 

1771, Feb. 28, an Ebenezer Home of Rochester, N. H., and 
Rebecca Pinkham of Dover were married. 

The town Records of Corinth, Vermont, show that the names 
of the children of Joseph"^ Llorne (Joseph^, Joseph', Joseph"*, Wil- 
liam'^, Joseph", William^), who was there as early as 1794 were 
entered as Orne. The father of Joseph had, as will be remarked, 
served as a revolutionary soldier and had kept his name without 
change from Joseph Horn. The voluntary change in the names 

• Mercy, William, Betsey, Ebenezer, and Stephen Wentworth Horne were baptized 
at Dover, 31 Oct., 1756. Isaiah Horne, son of Ebenezer Horne, was baptized in Dover, 
15 July, 1769. Jeremiah, son of Ebenezer Horne, was baptized 9 January, 1769. 


appears to have been somewhat allowed in Vermont until it 
became necessary in 1863 to pass a statute giving authority for 
such change in name. The following is the act : — 

Public Acts of Vermont, 1863, Xo. 22, P. 27. 
Hoio persons may change their names. 

Section 1. Any person of full age and sound mind, other than a 
married woman, who may wish to alter his name, may make an instrument 
in writing under his hand and seal, attested by three credible witnesses, 
and acknowledged before the judge of probate in the district where such 
person resides, therein declai'ing such intention, designating the name he 
wishes to assume, and shall cause the same to be recorded in the records of 
said probate court, and in the clerk's office in the town in which said person 
resides, which being done, such person shall thereafter be known and 
called by the name designated in said instrument. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect from its passage. Approved, 
Oct. 30, 1863. 

When John Home of Salem died in 1680, leaving a will which 
he had signed as John Orne, there seemed to have been no ques- 
tions raised ; he had, however, been a prominent man, and slight 
difference in the spelling of names was not unfreqiient. 

The statement that Daniel Home was a native of Scotland 
was undoubtedly made from tradition held by some of the Home 
families during Michael Read's time, but it should not be received 
as authoritative regarding the place of his nativity. It will be 
observed that Mr. Read failed to designate the name of a Scottish 
parish from which he could have emigrated. It will also be seen 
that Daniel Home died in Dover, 7 April, 1777, and that Mr. 
Read did not become connected with the Horne family until 8 
March, 1778, the time of his marriage to Deborah Horne. It is 
therefore not reasonable to suppose that he would until after that 
time have taken a special interest in the genealogical history of 
that family. Daniel Horne, as said before, was born in 1689, and 
was undoubtedly a son or a descendant of WiDiam Horne of 
Dover. Mr. Charles W. Tibbets, a gentleman familiar with the 
early records of Dover, informed me recently by letter that the 
record of births and deaths in New Hampshu-e was not kept as 
in Massachusetts ; he further says there is a record of only about 


two hundred marriages prior to 1800. He says that it seems the 
Home family did not bring their family records to be recorded. 
From all accounts it seems that the Home family came from St. 
James, Clerkenwell, London. 

The name of this parish originated from an ancient well, round 
which the parish clerks of London were in the habit of assembling 
at certain hours, for the performance of sacred dramas, noticed in 
the reign of Henry 11, by Fitz-Stephen under the appellation of 
Fons Clericorum. The parish is not mentioned in the Domesday- 
book, being probably at the time of the survey an undistinguished 
portion of the great forest of Middlesex. The site appears to have 
been well adapted to the celebration of those sacred festivals, for 
which it was selected from being in the centre of gently rising 
grounds, which form an extensive and natural amphitheatre for 
the accommodation of the numerous spectators who attended on 
such occasions. The most celebrated of these festivals took place 
in 1391, in the reign of Richard II., and continued for three days, 
dm-ing which several sacred dramas were j^erformed by the clerks 
in presence of the king and queen, attended by the whole court. 
About the year 1100, Sir Jordan Brisset and his wife founded a 
priory here for nuns of the Benedictine Order, dedicated to St- 
Mary, site being now occupied by the parish church of St. James ; 
the revenue at the dissolution was £282.16.5. The same Jordan 
founded also an hospital for Knights Hospitallers of the Order of 
St. John of Jerusalem, which was liberally endowed with lands 
and with other gifts. 

The establishment of these monasteries naturally drew around 
them a number of dej^endent dwellings, but the parish made Uttle 
progress in the number of its inhabitants prior to the time of 
Elizabeth, in whose reign, with the exception of some " banquet- 
ing houses and summer houses," it contained only a few strag- 
gling cottages, and some good houses in the immediate neighbor- 
hood of the religious house ; its increase was afterward more 
rapid, and in 1619, during the time of the residence there of John 
Horne, the father of the first John Home (Orne) of Salem, and of 
the first William Horne of Dover, several nobleman and gentle- 
men were numbered among its inhabitants. Since then the 


construction of more pleasant 'streets and well built houses, and tlie 
more recent laying out of the Spa-fields and its neighborhood, 
have rendered this one of its most popular resorts in the vicinity 
of the great metropolis. 

There are slight vestiges of the Fons Clericorum or Clerken- 
well, on the site of which the houses in the close have been built, 
consisting chiefly of a pump over which is an inscription. Clerken- 
well manor, formerly denominated the manor of St. John of Jeru- 
salem, includes several out-portions of the parishes of St. Sepulchre, 
St. Luke (Old shire), and Hornsey with those parts of the parish 
of Clerkenwell called the liberties of Cold Bath Fields, St. John 
of Jerusalem, Clerkenwell Close, Wood Close, and Pentonville. 
This district was formerly called the parish of St. James Clerken- 
well, and the church of St. James was the only church within it ; 
it is now divided into two districts, one called St. James's, and the 
other St. John's, both in the archdeaconry and diocese of London. 
Among the distinguished natives and residents of Clerkenwell 
may be mentioned Sir Thomas Chaloner, Bishop Burnet, Sir John 
Oldcastle, Baron Cobham, and Edward Cave, who established the 
" Gentleman's Magazine," and whose piinting-ofiice was over 
St. John's Gate. (For this account of Clerkenwell, see S. Lewis's 
Topographical Dictionary of London.) 

This large district and out-parish of the City of London still has 
an imposing Session-house, green Prison-house and New River 
Head-water Reservoir (or Head-water cistern, as the English 
term it), for the supply of water to the great metropolis. " St. 
John's Gate " is the only vestige of the ancient priory that was 
erected in that locality. During my visit to Clerkenwell in 1890, 
I found many objects there that would be of interest to the 

Samuel Metcalf, born in Rutland, Mass., in 1739, died in 1785, 
married Hannah Richardson of Leicester, Mass. She was born 
there in 1743 and was the youngest of three daughters of Thomas 
Richardson of Rutland, Mass., by his wife, Jane Downing*. The 
other daughters were Lucy, b. in Leicester, 1740, and Elizabeth, 

*Daughter of Captain Nathaniel Downing of Ip8wich and his wife, Margaret 
Pynchon : the record of their illustrious ancestors is given on subsequent pages. 


b. in Leicester, 1741 ; m. Nathan Lanib of Spencer. Mr. Thomas 
Richardson, the father, came from Maiden, and had by his first 

wife, Ehzabeth, Elizabeth, b. 1729; Samuel, b. 1722 ; James, 

b. 1723 ; PhiliiD, b. 1725 ; Mary, b. 1729 ; Rebecca, b. 1731 ; m. 
James Smith of Leicester, 1751. All Mr. Richardson's children 
by 1st wife were born in Leicester, James Richardson moved out 
of Leicester in 1777. Thomas Richardson, the father, lived in 
what was the Baptist Parsonage House. His son commanded a 
company of men in Col, Ruggles' regiment at Fort William 
Henry in August, 1756. 

The children of SamueP Metcalf and his wife Hannah (Rich- 
ardson) were Ebenezer, David, Thomas, Esther, Samuel, John, 
Joseph, Jane, b. July 30, 1776, (died in Bristol, R. I., March, 1860), 
Elizabeth, Hannah, Alpha, and Abigail. Jane m. Joseph^ Orne 
(Home) Nov., 1793. SamueP was son of Ebenezei-^ Metcalf of 
Rutland, b. Jan. 8, 1691, died 1751 (m, July 11, 1732, Margaret" 
Rock wood, b. Sept. 4, 1699. She was the daughter of NathanieP 
Rockwood, of Holliston, Mass., deacon, b. Feb. 23, 1665, died Sept, 
24, 1721 at Wrentham), m. Dec. 7, 1698, Joanna Ellis, b, Jan. 17, 
1677, daughter of Thomas Ellis of Medfield, by wife, Mary Wight, 
m. 1657, settled in Wrentham, and had : — 

1. Margaret^ b. Sept. 4, 1699; m. Ebenezer Metcalf, July 11, 

2. NathanieP. 

3. Benjamin". 

4. Abigail". 

5. Ebenezer". 

NathanieP Rockwood was son of Nicholas', first located in 
Braintree, and had wives, Jane, Margaret Holbrook, and Silence 
Duntling; 1650 removed to Medfield ; had : — 







Nicholas^ Rockwood was son of Richard^ of Braintree, who m» 


Agnes. Rockwood and Rocket were formerly the same name, 
meaning rocky wood. John Rocket, planter, was in Dorchester, 
Mass., 1633. This family is one that is found in Dorset and 
Suffolk counties, England. (See Genealogies of Holliston.) 

Ebenezer' Metcalf was an early and respectable settler in 
Rutland ; he bought land and lived west of Ball's Spring. He 
and his wife Margaret had children as follows : — 

Ebenezer", b. in 1734. 

Seth«, b. in 1736. 

Esther^, b. 1737. 

SamueP, b. 1739. 

Marys, b. 1741-2. . • 

(See history of Ruthland, Mass.) 

Ebenezer* was son of Eleazar^ Metcalf of Wrentham, Mass., b. 
in Dedham, Mass., March 20, 1653, d. in Wrentham, May 14, 
1704; deacon; m. April 9, 1684, Melatiah Fisher, and had ten 
children : 

Eleazai-*, b. May 30, 1685. 

MichaeP, b. Jan. 25, 1687. 

SamueF, b. Jan. 15, 1689. 

Ebenezer*, b. Jan. 8, 1691. 

Jonathan*, b. April 9, 1693. 

Melatiah*, b. April 29, 1695. 

Timothy*, b. July 2, 1697. 

Martha* and Mary*, b. Aug. 27, 1699. 

Eleazar*, b. Nov. 21, 1700-1. 

Eleazar* Metcalf was son of MichaeP Metcalf, b. in Norwich, 
England, Aug. 29, 1620, d. Dec, 27, 1664, and admitted a freeman 
by Mass. Gen. Court, May 13, 1642 ; m. April 21, 1644, Mary, 
daughter of John Fairbanks, and had seven children : 

MichaeP, b. Jan. 21, 1645. 

Jonathan^ b. Sept. 10, 1650. 

Eleazar^ b. March 20, 1653. 

Sarah^, b. Jan. 7, 1656. 

Mary^ b. Aug. 15, 1659. 

MichaeP was son of Michael- Metcalf, b. in Tatterford, England, 
June 17, 1586. " Dornix Weaver," in Norwich, England, came to 


America to escape religious persecutions, after losing Ms property 
by a Star Chamber fine; m. Oct, 13, 1616, Sarah, b. in Waynham, 
Eng., June 17, 1593. (See American Ancestry, vol. 7.) 

To show how Michael Metcalf came to America, the following 
record is taken from Mr. John Camden Hotten's work, which was 
gleaned by him from the State Paper department in England, 
and which has recently been published in London : — | 

"Register of persons about to pass into foreign parts, 
1637. These people went to New England with William : * 
Andros : of Ipswich M"" of the : John : and Dorothy : of Ipswich 
and with William Andrewes his son M'' of the Rose : of Yar- 

April the 18«^ 1637. The examination of Michill : Metcalfe : of 
No'"wich Do^'nix Weauear | aged, 45 years with 1 8 children | Michill : 
Thomas : Mary : Sarah : Elizabeth : Martha : Jonii and Rebecca : 
and his saruant Thomas Comberbach : aged 1 16 1 years ar desirous 
to pass to boston in New England to inhabit. | | | " 

Mr. Tilden in his Hist, of Medfield, 1887, p. 436 says, that 
Michael Metcalf was a " dornik weaver " and that he fled to this 
country from persecutions which he gives in Michael Metcalf's 
own words : " I was forced, for the sake of the liberty of my 
conscience, to flee from my wife and children, and go into New 
England; taking ship for the voyage, Sept. 17, 1636, being by 
tempests tossed up and down the seas till the Christmas following, 
then veering about to Plymouth in Old England in which time I 
met with many sore afilictions. Leaving the ship, I went down to 
Yarmouth in Norfolk county, whence I shipped myself and family 
to come to New England, sailed April 15, 1637, and arrived three 
days before midsummer following, with my wife and nine children, 
and a servant." In a postscript, says Mr. Tilden, Michael Metcalf 
alludes again to troubles he sustained at the hands of Bishop Wren 
and the chancellor, in consequence of which he was driven from 
his family : " Sometimes my wife did hide me in the roof of the 
house, covering me with straw." John Metcalf was a son of Mich- 

♦ Mr. Hotten has fortunately preserved the very peculiar punctuation of the 
sailing list. 


ael, and was born in Norwich, England, in 1622 ; his boyhood was 
spent among scenes like these. The family settled at Dedham, 
Mass. ; John, m. in 1647, Mary Chickering. John removed to 
Medfield about 1652, with his wife and three children. He 
served on the board of selectmen six years, and had the title of 
commissioner in 1682. He died in 1690 ; his wife in 1698. 
childi-en : — 

John, b. 1648. 

Michael, b. 1650. 

Elizabeth ; m. Joseph Ellis. 

Joseph, b. 1658. 

Experience, 1661-1730 ; m. Isaac Whefeler, whose daughter, 
Experience Wheeler, m. Joseph^ Clarke, as above stated. 

Hannah, 1664-1719; 1683, Elisha Bullen. 

Mary, 1668-1727 ; m. in 1687, Eleazar Ellis (See op. cit.). 

Samuel'^ Metcalf (Ebenezer^, Eleazar^, MichaeF, Michael-, Leon- 
ard^), who m. Hannah Richardson and had by her the twelve 
children as above named, and who died in 1785, had a good mili- 
tary record. His name apjsears as private in Captain John Boyd's 
company. Col. Greaton's regt. Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775 ; 
he belonged to Wrentham, Mass., ser^dce eight days ; next he was 
in Captain Boyd's co., Col. Heath's regt. ; he was from Wrentham, 
enlisted April 27, 1775. The muster roll was made out, and 
dated Oct. 5, 1775. His name appears on an order and bounty 
roll for coat or its equivalent for eight months' service in 1775 in 
Capt. Boyd's co. Col. John Greaton's regiment. Dated Cam- 
bridge, Dec. 23, 1775. Return of men enlisted into the Continental 
army from John Metcalf's North company, dated Wrentliam, Feb. 
16, 1775, belonged to Wrentham, expiration of enlistment. 

Samuel MetcaK appears with the rank of sergeant on Conti- 
nental Army Pay Accounts of Captain Daniel's co.. Col. Nixon's 
regt., for service from Feb. 14, 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779. He is 
credited to the town of Franklin Residence, Franklin. 

Reported 31 months and 16 days service as sergeant and three 
months as private. [It should be remarked that Franklin, March 
2, 1778, was incorporated as a town and was set off from the 
westerly part of Wrentham]. Samuel Metcalf appears as private 


in Continental A. P. account of Captain Daniel's co., Col. Nixon's 
regt., service from Jan. 1, 1780, to Feb. 14, 1780. Residence at 
this time in Wrentham. Was not credited in this short service 
to the new town. Feb. 15, 1780, Samuel Metcalf appears in 
Joseph Daniel's company. Col. Nixon's regt. Samuel Metcalf 
appears in a list of men mustered in Suffolk county in Captain 
Daniel's co,, Col. Nixon's regt.; return made by Nathaniel 
Barton. Dated Boston, May 11, 1779 — 3 years. 

Samuel Metcalf appears on a certificate of service dated and 
given by Brig. Gen. John Nixon for service as sergeant in Col. 
Nixon's regiment, in camp, from or before August 15, 1777, to 
time of granting certificate. Allowed in Council, Ajjril 1, 1779. 
Sergeant in Captain Daniel's co., Gth regiment, for service June 
1, to July, 1779. 

Samuel Metcalf appears in a list of oflicers of the Mass. Militia 
as lieutenant, commanded July 10, 1780; detached from Suffolk 
county to be tranferred to Continental army by Resolve of June 
22, 1779, 8 months' service. 

Samuel Metcalf appears as lieutenant on muster and pay roll 
of Captain Nathan Thayer's co., Col. Ebenezer Thayer's regt., 
enlisted July 10, 1780, discharged Oct. 9th, 1780. Service 3 
mos., 10 days. Stationed at West Point 3 mos. service, 10 days' 
travel included. Suffolk co. regt., raised to reinforce Con\ Army. 
Samuel Metcalf appears on a return of men raised under Resolve 
of Dec. 2, 1780. Raised May 31, 1781 ; term of enlistment 3 
years. Belonged to Franklin, county of Suffolk. 

Samuel Metcalf of Franklin appears on a roll service 3 years in 
the Continental Army dated at Franklin, April 16, 1781. Samuel 
Metcalf appears on a roll as lieutenant m Captain Thayer's com- 
pany, dated March 4, 1784. 

Samuel Metcalf appears on an order dated Holliston, Feb. 27, 
1784, for wages for 1777-1778 and signed by himself in the 6th 
Mass. regiment. This record, though showing good service done 
by the hero through the long weary years of the war for the 
independence of the Colonies, reveals the fact that the country 
was utterly bankrupt and that it could not, if it would, make pay- 
ment to its defenders against British tyi'anny. 



The following, relating to the ancient Pynchon family is taken 
from the New England Hist, and Gen. Reg. vol. XXXVII., page 
361 and f£. : 

" Pynchon Families in Springfield. 1st Generation. The Hon. 
Col. WilUam Pynchon, one of the first patentees of the colony of 
Massachusetts and treasurer of the same, came to New England 
in the year 1629 with Governor Winthrop and others. In the 
year 1636 he, as principal leader of the first settlers, came from 
Roxbury to Springfield. By the public records it appears that his 
children, which were with him in Springfield, were : Col. John 
Pynchon, his successor ; the wife of Mr. Henry Smith, Mary ; the 
wife of Capt. Elizur Holyoke, and Margaret, who was married 
Dec. 6, 1644, to Mr. William Davis. By the records of the Gen- 
eral Court of Mass., it appears that Col. William Pynchon pub- 
lished something which the court considered to be heritical and 
which gave offense. The court proposed to write to England, 
signifying its disapprobation of the doctrines advanced by Col. 
Pynchon, and they also appointed Mr. Norton of Ipswich to 
confute the arguments advanced by Col. Pynchon. The 
court also suspended him from his office at Spi'ingfield, ap- 
pointing Mr. Henry Smith to succeed him. These transactions of 
the General Court, and some difficulties with people of Con- 
necticut River, are supposed to have been the cause of Col. Wil- 
liam Pynchon's leaving Springfield and Mass., as it is said he 
did, September, 1652, with his son-in-law, Mr. Henry Smith, and 
returned to England. He died in a place called Wraisbury, 
Oct., 1662, aged 72. The following is a reproduction of the sig- 
nature of this remarkable man : 


o.7)t yyncnorL^^ 


" Second Generation. — Colonel John Pynchon, of Springfield, 
son of Col. William Pynchon, was married Oct. 30, 1644, to Anne 
Willis. Their children were : Joseph, born July 26, 1646 ; John, 
born Oct. 15, 1647, died April 25, 1721 ; Mary, born Oct. 28, 1650 ; 
William, born Oct. 11, 1653, died June 15,1654; Mehetabel, 
born Nov. 22, 1661, died July 24, 1663. Joseph, educated at 
Harvard College, was graduated A. D., 1664, was in England, 
1675, at the time Springfield was burnt by the Indians. He settled 
in Boston and died unmarried. The family of John follows this. 
Mary was married Oct. 5, 1669, to Joseph Whitney. Mrs. Anne 
Pynchon the mother died Jan. 9, 1699. Col. John Pynchon 
the father died Jan. 17, 1703. 

" Third Generation. — Col. John Pynchon, of Springfield, son of 
Col. John and Amy Pynchon above, was married to Margaret 
Plubbard, daughter of the Rev. William Hubbard, of Ipswich. 
His wife remained during the Indian war at Ipswich, where his 
children were born, and after the war they settled at Springfield. 

Their children were: John, born , died July 12, 1742; 

Margai'et, born ; William, born , died Jan. 1, 1741. 

Margaret, the daughter was married to (Captain) Nathaniel Dow- 
ning, of Ipswich, and had six children, viz. : Nathaniel, John, Mar- 
garet, Jane^ Lucy, and Anna. The families of the sons John and 
William, see below. Col. John Pynchon the father and his father 
in their day, made great improvement both in the county 
and town wherein they lived, as appears from records. The 
second Col. John Pynchon was one of the commissioners of the 
united colonies. He died April 25, 1721, Margaret his wife 
died Nov. 11, 1716." 

The following relating to the Pynchon Lineage is from 
Dwight's Genealogy, page 628 : — 

No famil}-^ in the land was more conspicuous for excellence 
in the early days of N. E. History than the Pynchon family. 

Nicholas Pynchon of Wales, Sheriff of London, in 1533, had 
a son, John Pynchon of Writtle, Essex, who m. Jane, heiress of 
Sir Richard Empson, and d. Nov. 29, 1573, leaving six children. 
His widow, Mrs. Jane Pynchon, m. Dr. Thomas Wilson, Secretary 
of State. (See Heraldic Journal, Boston, April, 1866.) Their 
children were : 


I. William, who m. Rosa Reding of Pinner, Middlesex, 

II. John Pynchon, who settled in Springfield, Essex, England, 
and was the progenitor of the American Pynchons. 

III. Sir Edward Pynchon. 

IV. Agnes Pynchon, who m. Thomas Chicele of Hingham, 

V. Elizabeth Pynchon, who m. Geoffrey Gates of St. Edmunds 

VI. Jane Pynchon, who m. Andrew Paschal, of Springfield, 

John Pynchon of Springfield, Essex, England, had a son 
William Pynchon, the settler in Mass. He was one of the 
patentees of the colony charter of Massachusetts Bay, and was 
appointed magistrate and assistant in 1629, in England, He 
came hither in 1630, with Gov. Winthrop, and began the settle- 
ment of Roxbury, Mass., being its principal founder, and the 
prime mover in founding the Congregational Church established 
there, thus laying the foundation himself of two important 
American towns. In 1650, he was censured for having published 
a work entitled, " The Meritorious Price of Man's Redemption," 
and cited to ajjpear before the court, and laid under heavy bonds. 
It is a dialogue in form, and is described as having been a book 
full of errors and weakness, and some heresy, which the General 
Court of Massachusetts condemned to be burned. The grand 
error of the book consisted, it was said, " in regarding the suffer- 
ings of Christ as merely trials of his obedience." The next year 
he retracted his statements, and the censure was suspended ; but 
he was so much dissatisfied that he went back to England, and 
never returned to this country again. He was a man of high 
mark for both intellect and excellence. It was in 1652 that he 
left the new world, after twenty- two years' residence here, 
for his old home. His wife, whose name is unknown to the 
author, died in 1630, shortly after his arrival here ; and he 
m. a second wife, widow, Frances Sanford, a " grave matron of 
the church of Dorchester," Mass. She died in England, Oct. 10, 
1657; he in Wyrardisbury, England, October of 1661, aged 


seventy-two. His children by the first marriage were Ann, Mary, 
Major John, and Margaret; they all remained in this country. 
Major John Pynchon (son of William Pynchon, the 
settler) b. in England in 1625, came to this country with his 
father when he was 5 years old. He m. Oct. 30, 1645, Amy 
Wyllys, b, in England in 1624 (daughter of Gov. Wyllys of Hart- 
ford, Ct. and Mary ). He was a man of very superior talents, 

character, and social position. He represented the town of 
Springfield in the General Court in 1659, '62 and '63, and was for 
twenty-one years (1665-86) an " assistant " in it. He was spoken 
of and addressed by the title of " The Worshipful." From 1652 
to 1660 (when Hampshire co, was incorporated) he, with two 
others, had a joint commission to hear and determine causes, and 
from 1692 to 1702 he was Chief Justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas for Hampshire co. He was a large farmer and landholder, 
and owned several sawmills and gristmills, and was much engaged 
in public business. Even as far off as New London, Ct., he 
bought 2400 acres of land, in company with James Rogers. 
In King Philip's War, in 1675, his brick house built, in 1660, was 
used as a fort for defense. At the beginning of the attack in June 
he was in Hadley. He died Jan. 17, 1702-3, aged seventy-six. 
His wife d. Jan. 9, 1698-9, aged seventy -four. 

Children. — Third Generation. 

Col. John Pynchon b. Oct., 15, 1647, m. about 1672, Margaret 
Hubbard (daughter of Rev. Wm. Hubbard of Ipswich, Mass., 
the N. E. Historian, and Margaret Rogers, daughter of Rev* 
Nathaniel Rogers of Ipswich and Margaret Crane. 

He was lieut. colonel, and clerk of the Courts and register of 
Deeds. He lived in Boston, and afterwards at Ipswich and 
Springfield. He was made judge in 1708, and died April 25, 
1721. (See Washburn's Judicial History, Mass.) She died 
at Springfield, Nov. 11, 1716. His children were all born at 

Children. — Fourth Generation. 

I. Col. John Pynchon Jr., b. in 1674, d. July 12, 1742. 


II. Margaret Pynchon, b. about 1680, m. Captain Natha- 
niel Downing. 

The full and interesting record found in Savage's New 
England Gen. Diet., vol. 2, page 65-7, relating to the Downing 
family with which Margaret Pynchon became allied when she 
married Captain Nathaniel Downing, whose illustrious family in 
1800, founded Downing College, Cambridge, England, is here 
produced. (New Eng. Gen. Diet. vol. 2, page 65.) 


flf^ps OF DOWNING. 

The arms of Downing of the county, of Norfolk, England, 
are : — Barry of eight argent and vert, over all a griffon sejeant or. 



"Downing, Benjamin, Hatfield 1679, took the o. of alleg. that 
yr. and m. the second yr. Sarah, d, perhaps eldest, of William 
Hunter ; may have been, but prob. not, s. of Emanuel. Dennis, 
Kittery 1650, in Nov. 1652 sw. alleg. to Mass., and was k. by the 
Ind. 4 July, 1697, unless the sufferer were s. of the first. Eman- 
uel, Salem, from London, where he was a lawyer of the Inner 
Temple, inhab. of the parish of St. Michael, Cornhill Ward, came 
in 1638 with his wife Lucy, d. of Adam Winthrop, Esqr. of 
Groton, in co. Suff. where she was baptized 27 Jan. 1601, sis. of 
our first Gov. of Mass., m. 10 Aj^r, 1622. They were adm. of the 
ch. 4 Nov., 1638, and he was sw. a freeman Mar., 1639, rep. the 
same yr. 40, 1, 4 and 8 ; was propos. for an Assist, in 1641, but 
not chos. His ch. were George, b. prob. in 1623, or 4, and was 
perhaps, kept in sch. at home until his f. came ; Mary, who came 
May, 1633 with Gov., Coddington in the " Mary and Jane," and in 
Nov., of that yr. was adm. of the ch. in Boston ; James, wh. was 
brot. by his uncle, the Gov. in the Arbella 1630; Susan, wh. came 
at the same time with Mary ; Ann ; Lucy ; and these foil. b. on 
our side of the ocean, John, bap. 1 Mar., 1640 ; and Dorcas, 7 
Feb., 1641. He went home early in 1642, back next yr. and went 
again in 1644, on business, but came back next yr. The date of 
his d. is not found, nor that of his w. tho. we see proof of his req. 
to the Gen. Ct. Sept., 1658 for his 600 acres to be laid out, and of 
her liv. 4 Aug., 1656, when she gave to Capt. Joseph Gardner 
dowry on his m. with her d. and the same shows that lier h. 
Emanuel was d. The s. James, I think, liv. at Ipswich ; Mary m. 
Anthony Stoddard of Boston ; Ann was w. of the intrepid Capt. 
Gardner, k. at the gr. Narraganset swamp fight in Philip's war, 
and after m. Gov. Bradstreet. There was a John D. wh. d. at 
Boston, 29 April, 1694, but he was a merch. from Nevis, where 
was his fam. and est. George, Salem, s. of the preced. b. in Lon- 


don, was partly prepar. for coll. by Rev, John Fiske, and gr, in 
the first class, H. C, 1642, went to Eng. by way of New- 
foundland, St. Kitts, Barbadoes, and Nevis, and in each isl. 
was desir. to preach, but perhaps saw prospect of greater 
usefulness in his native land, where he bee. as his uncle 
Winth. tells, 1645, a chaplain in the regim, of Okey, wh. 
after was made one of the judges to sign the warrant for execut. 
of Charles I. He got forward fast (possib. faster, as Okey 
sunk), in favor with Cromwell, wh, made him his resident at 
the Hague ; and in 1654 unit, with " the blood of all the How- 
ards " by m. with Frances, descend, thro, the sec, s. from that 
fourth Duke of Norfolk wh, was by Queen Eliz. behead, for ten- 
derness to Mary, Queen of Scots, The Hon. Charles Howard, br, 
of Frances, was the first, of only three, by Oliver creat, peers of 
Eng. under title of Viscount Moi-peth. The infirmity of this 
honor was, soon after the restor. strengthen, by his creat. 20 
Apr. 1661, as first Earl of Carlisle, wh. title is now enjoy, 
by his lineal heirs. Previous to this dignity conferr, on the 
Howard stock, and even bef. his restor. the king had made D. a 
knight for his good conduct in Holland; and, 1 July, 1663, 
he was made baronet, by the style of Sir George D. of Gamlingay, 
in CO. Cambridge, where his est. was call, the largest in that 
country. His w. d. 10 July, 1683, and he d. 1684. His s. Charles 
was one of the tellers in the Exch, by indent, at London, 13 Sept., 
1700, sold the est. at Salem, that was his gr. f'.s and to him from 
Emanuel had come thro. George, as in our Register of Essex co. 
vol, XVII. appears. His eldest s. Sir George m. Catherine, eldest 
d. of James, Earl of Salisbury, of the illustr. house of Cecil, and 
their s. Sir George after sit. in two parliaments of Queen Anne, 
and the first of George II. d, vsdthout issue, and left the splendid 
resid. devise, to the Union of Cambr, wh. laid the founda. of 
Downing Coll. In possess, of Dawson Turner, Esqr. F. A. S. at 
Great Yarmouth, is a collect, of Downing papers, in wh, some 
curious matter may prob. exist. I had slight inspect, of them in 
1842, but look, only at the earliest, when the N. E, youth was 
scout-master-gen, in Scotland. A dispatch from Downing, of 3 
Sept., 1651, that day of Worcester route, wh. Cromwell with 


proper forecast, call, his croioning mercy, may be read in Gary's 
Memorials of the civ. war, vol. II. It is far more perspicuous 
and soldier-like than that of the Command. -in- Chief. But the 
skill or valor of such a field was no longer in request, and it was 
to his fidel. probity, and diligence in other affairs that Oliver 
direct. John Milton to certify, Winth. II, 241. Hutch. I. III. 
John, Charlestown to his w. Joanna wh. bore him Mar^^, G Aug., 

1659, d. 13 Nov. foil., was giv. admin, his est, 2 Apr., 1663, 
John, Wells, perhaps s. of Dennis, or br. had John, b, a 

1660, John, Ipswich, m. 2 Nov. 1669, Mehetabel, d, of Richard 
Brabrook, had John, b, 31 Oct. 1675; Margaret, 7 Feb. 1679; 
and Richard, wh. d. 3 Nov, 1702. John, • Braintree, 1673, was 
a soldier in Philip's war with Capt. Tui-ner, in Apr,, 1676, 
on Conn, riv. sett, at Hatfield, m, soon after, Mary, wid, of Thomas 
Meakins, jr. (wh, had been k, by the Ind. the yr, bef.), had 
Jonathan, b, 1677 ; and John, 1678 ; i^erhaps rem, from H. 
Joshua, Kittery, perhaps s. of Dennis of the same, by w. Rebecca 
had Eliz,, b. late in the 17th centu, and perhaps others, 
Malcolm, Lynn, a Scotchman, m. June, 1653, Margaret Sullivan, 
had Mary, b, Feb,, 1655 ; Hannah, 3 Apr,, 1657 ; Sarah, 1 Mar., 
1659: Margaret, 15 Jan., 1661 ; Priscilla, 15 Mar., 1662; Catha- 
rine, 15 Aug., 1665; John, 20 Nov., 1667; and Joanna, 26 Feb,, 
1671. Richard of Ipswich, d. 3 Nov, 1702, but I kn, nothing 
more of him, exc, that in 1664 (three yrs. bef. he was m. ), he Avas 
27 yrs, old, yet from seeing him among proprs. of Salem or 
Marblehead, 1674, hav, w, Mary, I venture to guess that he was a 
gr,-s. of Emanuel. Theophilus, Salem, 1642, had gr, of Id. 
29 Nov. of that yr,, and s, Theophilus, bapt, 13 Mar,, 1642 ; Ann, 
or Hannah, 8 Sept,, 1644; and Benjamin, 17 Jan,, 1647; in 
the first two instances the ch, are noted as of our sis. D. and in 
the last as of Ellen D, He is call, the fisherman, and nothing 
more is ascert. He was of Marblehead part of the town, perhaps 
br. of Richard or of Malcolm, and may have had other ch. His 
w. may have come from some other town, William, Boston, 
freem, 1690. 

From the New Eng. Hist, and Gen, Register, vol. 38, p. 193 
is the following : — 


Nathaniel Downeinge of London, gentleman, 7 May, 1616, will 
proved 14 May,'f 1616, by his wife Margaret Downeinge. To be 
buried in the parish church of St. Dionis Backchurch, London, or 
elsewhere it shall please my executrix. To the poor of St. Dionis 
and St. Gabriel Fanchurch, London. To my brother Joseph 
Downeinge, now dwelling in Ipswich, in the County of Suffolk, 
twenty pounds. 

William H. rRichardson, Esq., F. S. A., who has annotated 
<' The Annals of Ipswiche, by N. Bacon," says that George Down- 
ing, who was undoubtedly the father of Emanuel and Nathaniel 
Downing, was^master of the Grammar School, Ipswich, about the 
years 1607 to 1610. His son Emanuel baptized in the parish 
church of St. Lawrence, Ipswich, 12 August, 1585, married at 
Groton, Suffolk, 10 April, 1622 (Lucy bai^tized 27 January, 1601), 
daughter of Adam Winthrop, Esq., and sister of Governor John 
Winthrop. Mr. Emanuel Downing was a lawyer of the Inner 
Temple, London, Attorney in the Court of Wards, and seems to 
have lived in the'parishes of St. Bridget and of St. Michael, Corn- 
hill. He came over to- New England in 1638, took up his abode 
in Salem, was admitted into the church 4 November of the same 
year, and frequently represented the town in the General Court of 
the colony. The date of his death is not known, nor has any 
record yet been found of any will made by him. We have seen 
what became of his farm in Salem. His town residence was con- 
veyed, 8 August, 1656, by Lucie Downing of Salem, with consent 
of Emanuel Downing, her husband (as is cited in the deed) to 
their son Lieut. Joseph Gardner, as the dower of their daughter 
Ann on her marriage with Lieut. Gardner. 

Nathaniel Downing,? brother of Emanuel and uncle of Sir 
George, was baptized ^in the church of St. Mary at the Tower, 
Ipswich, 8 October, 1587. He married 6 May, 1613, Margaret, 
daughter of Doctor Daniel Selyne (or Selin), a French physician, 
who died 19 March, 1614-15, and in his will (Rudd., 28) mentious 
his son-in-law, Nathaniel Downing. Mr. Downing seems to have 
had one son, Daniel,'^baptized at St. Dionis Backchurch, 5 April, 
1614, and buried five days afterwards. 

The following is taken from vol. 36, page 26 and ff. 


The town of Groton is indebted for its name to Deane Win- 
throp, a son of Governor John Winthrop and one of the petition- 
ers for its incorporation. He was born at Groton, Suffolk, in Old 
England ; and the love of his native place prompted him to per- 
petuate its name in New England. He stands at the head of the 
first list of selectmen appointed by the General Court, and for a 
short time was probably a resident of the town. 

A few years before this time, Emanuel Downing, of Salem, who 
married Lucy, a sister of Governor John Winthrop, had a very 
large farm which he called Groton. It was situated in what was 
afterwards South Danvers, but now Peabody, on the old road 
leading from Lynn to Ipswich, and thus named — says Upham 
in his " History of Witchcraft " — " in dear I'emembrance of his 
wife's ancestral home in the old country" (1.43). Downing sub- 
sequently sold it to his nephews John Winthrop, Jr., and Adam 
Winthrop, on July 23, 1644, when he speaks of it as "his farme 
of Groton." The sale is duly recorded in the Suffolk Registry of 
Deeds (1.57). Groton in England is an ancient place; it is the 
same as the Gxotena of Domesday Book, in which there is a 
record of the population and wealth of the town, in some detail,^ 
at the time of William the Conqueror, and also before him, under 
the Anglo-Saxon King, Edward the Confessor. A nearly literal 
translation of this census return of the year 1086 is as follows : — 

" In the time of King Edward [the Abbot of] St. Edmund held 
Groton for a manor, there being one carucate and a half of land. 
Always [there have been] eight villeins and five bordarii [a rather 
higher sort of serfs; cotters]. Always [there have been] one 
plough in demesne. Always two ploughs belonging to homagers 
[tenants], and one acre of meadow. Woodland for ten hogs. A 
mill serviceable in winter. Always one work -house, sLx cattle, 
and sixteen hogs, and thirty sheep. Two free men of half a caru- 
cate of land, and they could give away and sell their land. Six 
bordarii. Always one plough, and one acre of meadow [belong- 
ing to these bordarii]. It was then [i. e., under King Edward] 
worth thirty shillings, and now valued at forty. It is seven fur- 
longs in length and four in breadth, ti the same, twelve free 
men, and they could have one carucate ; it is worth twenty shil- 


lings. These men could give away and sell their land in the reign 
of King Edward. [The Abbot of] Saint Edmund has the soc. 
protection and servitude. Its gelt is seven pence, but others hold 

" The pedigree of the Downings is full of interest. We know 
that Emanuel Downing m. April 10, 1622, Lucy, sister of Gov. 
John Winthrop. They had a dau. Ann, who m. 1st. (the intrepid) 
Cai^tain Joseph Gardner, and 2d, Gov. Simon Bradstreet, and also 
a daughter Lucy. Mr, Thornton, before he knew that Emanitel 
Downing had a daughter Lucy, conjectured, from the above will 
of Mrs. Anne Bradstreet, that Lucy, the wife of William Norton, 
was Mrs. B.'s sister ; and his subsequent investigations have 
strengthened this opinion! It is a curious fact that though we 
know that the noted Sir George Downing was the son of Emanuel^ 
[honest Antony A.] Wood [' Athenae Oxoniensis '] a contem- 
porary, said he was the son of Calibut Downing. Again, a Baron- 
etage, published in 1727, in the life-time of the grand-son of Sir 
George, pretending to particular accuracy — as the preface states 
that ' application has been made to every Baronet,' &c. — states 
that Sir George was the son of Calybut. The descent the author 
thus traces. Goeffrey Downing was of Poles-Beldham, co, Essex, 
m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Wingfield, and had issue, Arthur 
Downing, of Lexham, co. Norfolk, where he increased his fortune 
by marrying Susan, daughter and co-heir of John Calybut, of 
Castle- Acre in that county. Their issue was Dorothy, Anne, and 
John. Son or brother of this John was Calibut Downing, of Sher- 
mington, co. Gloucester, who was father of the famous liev. Caly- 
but, This latter, as we have said before, is called the father of 
Sir George. The reader will note the confusion relative to the 
affiliation of Calibut, Sen., to the parent stem; does not this 
suggest a relationship of Bev. Calybut to Sir George, though the 
precise degree is unknown ? 

I learn from Henry White, Esq., of New Haven, that there was 
a John Downing, a merchant of Nevis, who died at Boston 
[April 29,] 1694, leaving a son Nathaniel, and there is strong 
presumptive evidence that he was a son of Emanuel Downing 
[the father of Sir George]." 


Vol. XVII, Page 290, K Eng. Gen. and Antiq. Reg. 

Proceedings of the Mass. Hist. Soc, 

" The genealogical items in these volumes are not many, hut 
are very interesting. In the collections we find the will of Isaac 
Johnson, and a note on p. 40d.,by Mr, Somerby, gives the probable 
record of Emanuel Downing's birth from the Register of the church 
of St. Lawrence in Ipswich, co. Suffolk. It is, ' 1585, Emanuel, 
the son of George Downing, Capt. ye 1 of Jan.' George, the 
father, describes himself in his will, proved 3d Oct., 1611, as a 
schoolmaster of Ipswich." 

Emanuel Downing rendered valuable service to the colony 
through his influence in England, and was largely instrumental in 
saving the Charter from being withdrawn when it was attacked in 
1633-4 by Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury. He went to England 
in 1642, and returned the following year ; he went again across 
the ocean in 1644, and returned in 1645. He probably died in 
England. His wife Lucy bore him three children, one of whom 
was named George, who became famous, or as some say, infamous. 
George Downing was born in England in 1623 ; he came to Amer- 
ica with his parents, was educated at Harvard College, returned 
to England in 1645, was a preacher for a brief time, a commis- 
sary general of the Forces of the Parliamentary Army in 1653. 
He married Frances, daughter of Sir William Howard and sister 
of the Earl of Carlisle in 1654. He was member of parliament 
for Edinburgh 1654-1656 and ambassador for Cromwell to the 
Hague 1657-1660 ; seceded from Charles IL, and was reappointed 
ambassador 1660. He betrayed three of the regicides to execu- 
tion, March, 1662. Pepys calls him an ungrateful villain. George 
was knighted by Charles II., 1660, created baronet, July, 1663. 
He died 1684. Downing street, in London, the official residence 
of the prime ministers of England, was laid out after the great fire 
1660, and was named after him. His sister Lucy married the 
Rev. William Norton, said to have been a lineal descendant of 
King Alfred the Great. Mary, his sister, married Anthony Stod- 
dard of Boston. 

According to Burke's Heraldry, Sir George Downing had be- 
sides his son Charles the Teller of the Exchequer, and his son Sir 


George who married Catharine, eldest daughter of James, Earl of 
Salisbury, of the illustrious house of Cecil, still another son, 
Henry Downing in Ireland. Burke says Henry was a younger 
brother of Sir George Downing, the first baronet of East Hadley, 
■Cambridgeshire. This is doubtful. Henry may have been a son 
of Calibut Downing before mentioned. Sir George Downing, who 
married Catharine, eldest daughter of James, Earl of Salisbury, 
after sitting in two parliaments of Queen Anne and the first of 
George II., died 1747 without issue, and left the splendid resi- 
dence devised to the University of Cambridge, and thus laid the 
foundation of Downing College, which is the youngest of that seat 
of the muses. The value of the bequest in 1851 was 150,000 

Nathaniel Downing, who married, Aug. 10, 1704, at Ipswich, 
Mass., Margaret Pynchon, daughter of Col. John^ Pynchon and 
Margaret Hubbard, daughter of the Rev. William Hubbard of 
Ipswich, was the son of John Downing, the merchant of Nevis, 
who was baptised on this side of the ocean in 1640, and died in 
Boston, April 29, 1694. This John Downing, the merchant, the 
father of Captain Nathaniel Downing, was the son of Emanuel 
Downing, who was the father of Sir George Downing, as before 
mentioned. Nathaniel Downing was born about 1680, probably 
in Nevis, and after the death of his father became a resident of 
Ipswich, Mass. He is said to have died in Springfield, Mass. 

There is a record that a John Downing* and a Hannah Ridg- 
away were married in Boston, Mass., Sept. 27, 1698, by Cotton 
Mather. This seems not to have been the first m. of Hannah, for 
according to Lewis's History of Lynn, the Rev. Jeremiah Shepard 
was the fourth son of the Rev. Thomas Shepard, minister of 
Cambridge, who came from Towcester in England, 1635. The 
name of Shepard's wife was Mary, and she was the daughter of 
Francis Wainwright of Ipswich. She, Mary (Wainwright) Shep- 
ard, died March 28, 1710, aged 53 years. He had 9 children: 1st, 
Hannah, b. 1676, m. John Downing of Boston, 1698. 

•John Downing was the son of John Downing the merchant of Nevis, and brother 
of Captain Nathaniel Downing and also grandson of Emanuel Downing, wh ose 
genealogy has been traced. 


From the Register of Tonnage ke^^t by the chief magistrate ac- 
cording to an Act of Parliament, for vessels owned in Ijiswich, it 
appears that Nathaniel Downing was master of the sloop," Sea- 
horse," of thirty tons burden. 

According to ; the register of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, the names of the early settlers of West 
Springfield appear transcribed from the parish records of the 
First Congregational Church, by Lyman PI. Bagg. On page 50 
is the following : — 

" Jan^. 16"^ ITI?. Att a meeting of the propriety It was voted 

that And Serja* Bag W" Scot and Cap" Downeing 

ware chosen to be the Comitey for the worck to divide the s*^ land 
to them for whom we are to provide lots for," On page 55 is the 
following : — 

" In the next place is an a Count of the divideing of that tier of 
lots on the west side of the high way or street And the Number 
begins from that end next dorbeys Brook going Northerly. 2. 
The second lot is to Cap" Nath" Downeing ten acres in length 
eighty Rods. In Bredth twenty Rods." 

On page 286 of vol. 29, may be seen the following : — 

" In the Next place a list was drawn of the Names of those that 
ware to be provided for who ware such as had Removed hither 
& ware Inhabitants or such of the Inhabitants as ware born hear 
and had attained to the Age of twenty-one years which was de- 
termined by a vote as followeth :" Date 1720. Among the names 
was that of Cap" Downeing. 

The children of Capt. Nathaniel^ (John', EmanueP, George^) 
Downing and Margaret'' (Col. John'', Col. John^, William^ the 
emigrant ancestor, John" of Springfield, Essex, Eng., John- of 
Writtle, Essex, Eng., Nicholas' of Wales, Sheriff of London in 
1533) Pynchon were : — 

Nathaniel, born in Ipswich, Mass., 5-7-1706, who seems to have 
died young. 

Nathaniel, b. in Springfield, Mass., Feb. 22, 1710-11. 

John, b. in Springfield, Mass., July 15, 1712. 

Margrett, b, in Springfield, Mass., March 23, 1714. 

Jane^ b. in Springfield, Mass., July 19, 1716. 


Luci, b. in Springfield, Mass., Nov. 20, 1720 or 

Lucy, b. in Springfield, Mass., Nov. 19, 1720 (two records). 

Ann, b. in Springfield, Mass., Nov. 11, 1723. 

Also a record of the death of a daughter, Margaret Downing, 
July 15, 1710, and that " Capt. Nathan^^ Downing had a daughter, 
died May 10, 1718." 

Jane Downing, the daughter of Capt. Nathaniel Downing 
above mentioned, was the mother of Mrs. Hannah Richardson, 
wife of Mr. Thomas Richardson of Rutland, Mass., and grand- 
mother of Mrs. Jane Metcalf Orne, and great grandmother of 
Mrs. Hannah Orne Gray, and great great grandmother of Mrs. 
Mary Hannah Gray Clarke, and great great great grandmother of 
Inez Louise and Genevieve Clarke, of Cambridge, Mass. 

The following is a copy of the will of John Downing, Merchant 
of Nevis, who died in Boston, April 29, 1694, and the inventory 
of his estate, found in the Suffolk Co. Probate Records at the 
New Coiu-t House in Boston, Mass., Vol. XHI.— pp. 461 and 5.33. 


In the name of God Amen the seventh day of February Anno 
Dom\ one thousand six hundred and ninety-91 Annoque R. R^. et 
Regina3 Guilielmi et Marine nunc Angliae &c'^ Secundo. I John 
Downing of the Island of Nevis in the West Indies, at present 
sojourning at Boston in New England being in good bodily health 
and of sound mind and memory, praised be Almighty God for the 

Knowing the uncertainty of this present life and being desirous 
to settle that outward Estate the Lord hath lent me. Do there- 
fore make and ordaine this my last Will and Testament in manner 
following. That is to say. First and principally I commend my 
Soul into y" hands of God my Creator hopeing to receive full 
pardon and remiffion of all my sins, and salvation through the 
alone merits of Jesus Christ my Redeemer, and my body to the 
Earth to be buried in decent mann"" according to the discretion of 
my Executors or one of them herein nnmed. And touching such 
wordly Estate the Lord hath lent me. My will and meaning is. 


the same shall be imployed and bestowed as hereafter in and by 
this my Will is exprest. 

Imprimis I hereby revoke, renounce and make void all Wills 
and Testaments by me heretofore made, and declare and appoint 
this to be my last Will and Testament, Item I Will, that all the 
Debts that I justly owe to any manner of person or persons what- 
soever, shall be well and truely paid, or ordained to be paid in 
convenient time next after my decease, by my Executors, or one 
of them hereafter named. Item after my Debts and Funeral Ex- 
pences are paid and satisfied. I do hereby give, devise, and be- 
queath all that my Meffuage or Tenement, with all the Land 
theretmto belonging, scituate in Nevis afores'^ (wherein my son 
Charles Downing dece*^. formerly inhabited) unto my Child by the 
said Charles in his lifetime by him begotten, on the body of 
Susanna his late wife, and borne to be born of her, and to the 
heirs and affignes forever of s*^. Child, if it live to attaine the age 
of Twenty-one yeares. Item I do hereby give, devise and be- 
queath my other houseing, Meffuage or Tenement with all the 
Lands, yards. Garden, profits, priviledges and appurtenances there- 
to belonging scituate, lying and being in Nevis afores'^. now or 
late in my own improvement. Together with all Household 
Goods, moveables. Debts and other Estate whatsoever either real 

or personal unto my two sons viz*. John Downing of Nevis 

and Nathaniel Downing residing now in Boston aboves*^. and to 
their heires, and affignes for ever in equal halves. Item My Will 
is that my Son Nathaniel shall have the Charges of his Education 
in bringing him up to be a Scholar, discharged out of my Estate, 
before Division thereof be made, and until division thereof be 
made its my Will that my Son John do live thereupon, and hus- 
band the same to as little wast as may be. Item It is my Will 
that when my Son Nathaniel attaines the age of Twenty-one 
yeares — or be married, which of them first happens an equal 
Division of my s*^. Estate shall be made between my Son John & 
Nathaniel. Item if it should so happen that all my Children dye 
without issue, leaving all or any part of my afores''. Estate undis- 
posed of by them. Then in such Case I do hereby give, devise and 
bequeath the same as followeth Viz'. One Third part thereof & y^- 


Children of the Reverend M'. Samuel Willard Teacher of a Con- 
gregation appertaining or belonging to the third (or South) Meet- 
ing house (so called) in Boston aboves'^. one third part more 
thereof to the Children of my Kinsman Elizur Holyoke of Boston 
-afores''. Merch*. and to y"" heires and affignes for ever of the afore- 
mentioned Children, and the remaining third part thereof, to the 
poor of the aforesaid South Church. Item I do hereby constitute 
and appoint my Sons the s"^. John and Nathaniel to be the Execu- 
tors of this my last Will and Testament, and do desire and entreat 
my good Friends Deacon Jacob Eliott and the s*^ Elizur Holyoke 
of Boston afores*^. and Solomon Israel and Francis Teepe of Nevis, 
to be the Overseers thereof, requesting them to affist my Execu- 
tors in the due performance of this my s'^ Will, unto whome I 
give Forty Shilhngs apiece, as a Token of my love. Item my 
Will is, That if the within mentioned Susanna be not left with 
Child by my dece*^. Son, Then my first mentioned Meffuage or 
Tenement shall be equally divided, amongst my other two sons, 
and their Heires according as is herein before declared. In Wit- 
ness whereof I have hereimto set my hand and Seal the day and 
yeare first within written — John Downing and a Seal. Signed, 
Sealed, published and declared by the s*^. John Downing as his 
last Will and Testament in presence of us William Crow; W™ : 
Gilbert Jun^ Edward Oakes. Eliezer Moody. Scr. Exam-^. P."" 
Is"' Addington Esqy 

The Inventory of the Estate of John Downing dece*^. taken this 
18th day of January, 1694, and apprized by Elizur Holyoke and 
Samuel Wentworth Impf 

In money £1658,, 11, ,2 (£ 76,, 10,, —whereof being for a Sloop sold 

& her Freight home) £1658,, 11„2 

2 Seals & 3 hoop rings qt. 1 oz. 19gr:at 5? P.oz 5 4 — 

3Psof Gold3P„lS,9. A Silver cup and bodkin 5- 6d . . . 3 7 3 

Apparrell woollen and linnen 16 

a bedtick, bolster and 3pr pillowticks 3 

2 pair Holland Sheets 2 

a callico counterpan and head cloth 1 10 — 

31'- Pewter at 1- 6s PP 266 

a Bellmettle mortar and pestle 18 — 

28 Books great and small 4 10 — 


Silver Scales and Weights 6 — 

a gun, Cartuse box and a Sword 1 10 — 

3 Table cloths 12! 2 doz™ Napkins 24 1 16 — 

3 yards Kersey 20! a coverlid 10^ 1 10 — 

10 pillow cases and 1 Towell 12 — 

3 brass candlesticks 6*^ . 3 chests and a cedar box 30! ... . 116 — 

1 Razour and hone 4 — 

2 Houses at Nevis 1705 — 11 

Elizub Holyoke, 
Sam"- Wentwoeth. 

The above is a full and true Inventory of all the Estate of my 
late Father John Downing deceased, so far as hath come to my 

Presented by me 

John Downing Executor. 
Exam'i P. — Is^ Addington Esq^ 

Gray Genealogy — Concluded. 

Robert Gray, discoverer, mentioned on pages 87, 88 and 89, was 
born at Tiverton, R. I., May 10, 1755. He participated in the 
naval service of the War of the Revolution. In 1787 he com- 
manded the sloop Washington, which, in company with the ship 
Columbia, was fitted out by merchants of Boston for the purpose 
of trading with the natives of the Pacific coast. The vessel set 
sail 80th September, but soon after doubling Cape Horn became 
separated from the Columbia, by the fierce storms that were then 
raging; Gray's ship reached the American coast in the 46° north, 
August, 1788, and entered Nootka Sound, Vancouver's Island, in 
the month folloiving. At this place the Columbia arrived soon 
after. From 1788 to 1799 Gray made further explorations, 
including Queen Charlotte Islands, discovered the Straits of Fuca 
and the mouth of the river. He returned in the ship Columbia to 
Boston, sailing by the way of Canton, China, in 1790, and, as before 
stated, was the first man to circumnavigate the world under the 
flag of the United States. In 1791 Gray revisited the north-west 
coast, where he further explored the Columbia river, giving it the 
name of his vessel, and retui-ning to Boston by his former route. 
He was married on Feb. 4, 1794, and died, while in command of 
a coastmg vessel, at Charleston, S. C. In 1846 the Congress of 
the United States granted Martha Gray, his widow, a pension for 
his service as soldier and discoverer. He died 1806. 

(See the National Cyclopasdia of Am. Biog. vol 5, p. 121, 

Robert Gray was the son of William Gray and Elizabeth his 
wife, of Tiverton, R. I., whose children were : — 

Phebe, b. June 29, 1741. 

John, b. Feb. 18, 1748. 

Lydia, b. Sei^t. 27, 1744. 

William, b.Mayl, 1747. 


Mary, b. July 14, 1750. 

Isaac, h. Jiine 10, 1752. 

Rolert, h. May 10, 1755. 

Hannah, b. July 7, 1757. 

William Gray, the father of Robert, was the son of Edward 
Gray and Mary Manchester, his second wife, of Tiverton, R. I. 
whose children are mentioned on pp. 75, 76, 79, and 80. Edward 
Gray of Tiverton, it will be remembered, was the son of Edward 
of Plymouth, tlie emigrant ancestor (Robert', William", Edward-, 



Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's, arms of 3 

Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's, grandeur of 3 

Agawam '.'..'..'. lOS 

Albee, Gideon 21 

Allen, Mary I3 

Allen, Eev. John I3 

Am. Acad. Med 35 

Am. Assoc. Obstet. and Gynecol 35 

Am. Med. Assoc 35 

Andros, Gov. Sir Edmund 68 75 

Anne, Queen I44 

Anne, ship 68 

Appleton, Eoger 14 

Arbella, ship 5, 33, 143 

Arms of Clarke of Bury St. Edmund's 13, 14 

Arms of Claxton 13, 14 

Arms of Darling 41 

Arms of Downing 142 

Arms of Home 101 

Arthur, King 5 


Baker, Alyce 12 

Baptists 22 

Baptist parsonage house 132 

Beccles, Suffolk Co., Eng 33 

Belcher, Joseph 22 

Benedictine monks and nuns 3, 130 

Berlin, Germany 35 

Bobbingworth, parish of 11, If 

Boston Harbor 7, 44, 45, 157 

Bradford, Gov. Wm., Mayflower pilgrim 69, 70, 86 

Bradford, Hon. Samuel, Lieut 70, 71, 88 

Bradford, Major Wm 86, 87 

Bradford, Hon. Wm., Dep. Gov. of R. 1 70, 86 

Bradford, Maj. Wm., Dep. Gov. of Mass 69 


Bradford, Sarah (Gray) 70, 86 

Bradstreet, Gov. Simon 148 

Braiutree, Mass 21, 42 

Brass, Alice 6, 7 

Bristol, R. I 34, 70, 71, 81, 86 

British Museum, London ' 12 

Brown University, R. I 3.3, 35 

Brundish, parish of 17 

Bucklin, Alice 22 

Burial Hill, Plymouth 66, 68 

Burnet, Bishop 131 

Bury founders 15 

Bury St. Edmund's 2, 3, 13, 189 


Cambridge Art Circle 35, 38 

Campanarian period 15 

Canterbury 12 

Canterbury, Archbishop of 149 

Canute, King 3 

Cape Ann 5 

Cape Breton 5 

Cape Cod 5 

Cavalry, Sixth New York 33, 34 

Cave, Edward 131 

Chaloner, Sir Thos 131 

Charles River - 5, 7, 33, 96 

Chaucer, poet 2, 102, 121 

Claxton, Hammond 13, 14 

Chediston & Lavenham 13 

Chickering, Mary 135 

Children of Clarke, Augustus Peck 32, 34, 35 

Child of Clarke, Edward' 24, 31 

Children of Clarke, Ichabod^ 22 

Children of Clarke, Joseph^ 17 

Children of Clarke, Joseph^ 18 

Children of Clarke, Joseph^ 20 

Children of Clarke, Joseph* 20 

Children of Clarke, Joseph^ 21 

Children of Darling, Seth , 31 

Children of Darling, Denice 42 

Children of Darling, John 42, 43 

Children of Darling, John jr 49, 50, 51 

Children of Darling, Peter 49, 50 

Children of Darling, Samuel 45, 46 

INDEX. 161 

Children of Downing, Capt. Nathianiel 152 

Cliildi-en of Gray, Col. Thos. and Abigail Brown 82, 85 

Children of Gray, Desire and Nathaniel South worth 78 

Children of Gray, Edward of Plymouth 75, 78, 85, 158 

Children of Gray, Edward of Tiverton 76, 78, 80, 158 

Children of Gray, Gideon 85, 86 

Children of Gray, Louisa Baily 86 

Children of Gray Lydia and Caleb Loring 79 

Children of Gray, Pardon* 81 82 

Children of Gray, Pardon^ and Eeliance Davis 85 

Children of Gray, Philip* 81 

Children of Gray, Kebecca 79 

Children of Gray, SamueP, and Hannah Kent 80 

Children of Gray, Samuel* and Deborah Peck 81 

Children of Gray, Thos^ 80 

Children of Gray, Thos^ 82 

Children of Home, John^ , of Salem Ill 

Children of Home, Joseph* 105 

Children of Home, Wm., of Dover 104 

Children of Metcalf, Ebenezer^ 133 

Children of Metcalf, Eleazar* 133 

Children of Metcalf, John* 134, 135 

Children of Metcalf, MichaeF, emigrant ancestor 133, 134 

Children of Metcalf, Samuel" 132, 135 

Children of Ome (Home) Joseph" 108, 128 

Children of Kockwood, Nathaniel 132 

Children of Eockwood, Nicholas 132 

China 157 

Church, Arthur Throope 31 

Church, Baptist 25 

Church bells 15, 16 

Chm-ch, Capt. Benj 31 

Church, Frederick Prescott 81 

Clark, Geo., ancient bell founder 15 

Clark, John, ancient bell founder 15, 16 

Clark, Hugh 1, 17 

Clarke, Prof. Edward Hammond 19 

Clarke, Thomas 11 

Clarke, Admundesham 14 

Clarke, Augustus Peck 31-40, 86, 95, 100 

Clarke, Bray 10, 11 

Clarke, Capt. Ichabod« 21, 23 

Clarke, Capt. Ichabod's military and naval service 22, 23 

Clarke, Clarissa Cornelia 31 

Clarke, David 19 

162 INDEX. 

Clarke, Diana Amelia. 31 

Clarke, Edward 17 

Clarke, Edward'' T 22, 23, 24 

Clarke, Faith 16 

Clarke, Genevieve 32, 34, 35, 153 

Clarke, Geo. Edward 31 

Clarke, Harrison Gray 32, 9*7 

Clarke, Hon. George Leonard 19 

Clarke, impaling 13 

Clarke, Inez Louise 32, 34, 135, 153 

Clarke, Janus 14 

Clarke, John, of Ipswich, Eng 14 

Clarke, Joseph^ 2, 5, 7, 9. 11, 12, 17, 24, 32, 33 

Clarke, Joseph^ 17, 18, 19, 23 

Clarke, Joseph* 19, 20, 28 

Clarke, Joseph* 20, 21. 23 

Clarke, Joseph^ 21, 23 

Clarke, Julia Anne 31 

Clarke, Mehetabel 11 

Clarke, Mrs. Alice (Pepper) 6. 7, 17, 32, 33 

Clarke, Mrs. Alice, death of 17 

Clarke, Mrs. Fanny (Peck) 24, 31, 32 

Clarke, Mrs. Lurania (Darling) 24, 49 

Clarke, Mrs. Mary 11 

Clarke, Mrs. Mary H. Gray 32, 34, 35, 86, 89, 90, 95, 100, 153 

Clarke, Mrs. Mary H. Gray, biographical sketch of 95- 100 

Clarke, Mrs. Mary H. Gray, poem on Dorothy Lettice 90 

Clarke, antiquity of the name of 1, 2 

Clarke changed from Hammund 1 

Clarke, name of, derived from 1 

Clarke, name of, variously spelt 1, 2 

Clarke, Nathaniel Counsellor, 67, 68, 71, 75 

Clarke, of East Bareholt 13 

Clarke, of Kettlestone, Suffolk Co 13 

Clarke, Peter. 14 

Clarke, Rebecca , 7, 18 

Clarke, Rev. Pitt 19 

Clarke, Sarah 11 

Clarke, Seth Darling 24, 32, 49 

Clarke, Thomas, of Dorchester and Boston 10, 11 

Clarke, Thomas, of Bury, St. Edmund's, Eng 2, 13 

Clarke, Thomas, of Oake, Eng , 12, 14 

Clarke, Thomas, of Plymouth, Mass 68 

Clarke, Thurston (Tristan) 16 

Clarke, Walter 14 

INDEX. 163 

Clarke, William, of Dorchester and Northampton , 11 

Clarke, William, of Ipswich, Mass 17 

Clarke, William Seth 31^ 32 

Clarkes, of Oake 12, 14 

Clarkes, of Suffolk 12, 15 17 

Clark's Island 68, 75 

Clarke, John 16 

Clericus and Clergyman 2 

Clerk, RumboU 9 

Gierke, Esq. , Eichard 1 

Clerkenwell, London, Eng 9, 64, 103, 1.31 

Coat Armor of Clarkes , 12, 13, 14 

Cobham, Baron 131 

Coddington, Gov. Wm 141 

Cold Brayfleld, a time treble for 15 

Cole's Hill 67 

College, Brovrn University, R. 1 33 

College, Caius, Cambridge, Eng 18 

College, Downing, Cambridge, Eng 141, 144, 150 

College, Emanuel, Cambridge, Eng 15 

College, Harvard, Cambridge, Mass 19, 33, 111, 138, 144 

College, Herald's, London 1 

College, Magdalen, Oxford, Eng 1, 24 

College, Radcliffe, Cambridge, Mass 32 

Conecicot riv' r 108 

Conquest, Norman 4 

Constance, ship 6 

Cooke, Margery, Margaret or Martha 46, 47, 49, 54 

Cooke, Walter 47, 48 

Corbett, Margaret 4° 

Codnor 93 

Corshorne or Coursehorne 119 

Cowton, East, Yorkshire 12 

Crane, Margaret , 140 

Crests of Clarkes, Description of 13, 14 

Crests of Home 101 

Cromwell, OHver 144, 149 

Cumberland, R. 1 22, 24, 25, 31, 49, 52 

Cutting, John, ship-master . . 16 


Danforth, John 21, 22 

Darling, Capt. John 42, 43, 44, 49 

Darling, Capt. John, will of 43 

Darlins;, Deacon Peter 49 

164 INDEX. 

Darling, Denice 23, 42, 49, 61 

Darling, Elijah 22, 49, 50, 51 

Darling, John*, jr 23, 46, 47, 49, 54 

Darling, Lurania 23, 49 

Darling, Peter 49 

Darling, Samuel 23, 45, 46, 54 

Darlings of Cumberland, R. I 46-52 

Darlings of Eng 64 

Darlings of Framingham 62-64 

Darlings of Mendon 52-61 

Davis, Gov. John W., of R. 1 85 

Dedham, Mass 6, 7, 18, 20, 21, 45 

Derby, Co. of 8, 93, 94 

Descendants of Walter Cooke 47 

Devin, Gen. Thos. C 34 

De Wolf, Gen. Geo 25 

Domesday Book 1, 2, 92, 130, 147 

Dorchester 6,7, 10, 11, 21, 33, 139 

Dorchester Company 5, 32 

Downeinge, Nath., of London 146 

Downing, arms of 142 

Downing, Capt. Nath 131, 138, 141, 148, 150, 151, 154 

Downing, Calybut 148 

Downing, Emanuel 143, 145 - 152 

Downing family 131, 141 - 156 

Downing, James 143 

Downing, Jane 107, 138, 152, 153 

Downing, Sir Geo 143, 144, 148, 152 

Drury, Nicholas 2 

Durfee, John 82 

Dunstan, Saint 5 

Dutch Church at Norwich, Eng 9 

Dutch Church, Austin Friars 10 


Early births of N. H., how kept 129 

Early Lynn Records of Orne family 113 

East Anglia 4 

Edinbiu'gh, Scotland 35 

Edward 1 1 

Edward IV 93 

Eliot, John, the Indian Apostle 19, 107 

Elizabeth, Queen 144 

Ellis, Joanna 132 

Ellis, Thos. of Medfield 132 



Entries of Orne family of Salem 112 117 

Epitaph of tlii-ee Clarkes "' .q 

Erikson, Leif f. 

Establishment, Presbyterian '" £2 

Evans, Elenor l^n 

Eyerett, Hon, Edward 21 

Everett, John ' oi 

Everett, Euth 21 


Tales, Col. Nathaniel 25 

Flitwick jr, 

Fons Clericorum joq 131 

Francis, ship , 1(> ig 

Francis, Hannah ' 23 42 


Gabriel the Archangel 4 

Gardiner 14 

Glastonbm'y 5 

Gnupson, Erik, Bishop 5 

Gorton, Frances 24 

Grand Army of the Eepnblic 35 

Grant, Gen. U. S 34 

Gray, Capt. Eobert, the discoverer 87, 89, 157, 158 

Gray, Col. Thos.* 82-84 

Gray, Dorothy Lattice 71, 73, 74, 75, 89, 90 

Gray, Edward, of Plymonth, Mass 32, GG-75, 82, 85, 87, 89, 90, 158 

Gray, Edward, of Tiverton, E. 1 32, 75, 76, 79, 80, 158 

Gray family of England 90 

Gray, Gideon 85, 95, 97, 108 

Gray, Gustavns Tucker 85 

Gray, Hannah Orne 32, 85, 95, 9G, 108, 153 

Gray, Louisa Baily 86 

Gray, Mary Hannah 32, 86, 95 

Gray, Thomas, of Little Compton, E. 1 80 

Gray, Wm. Bramwell 85 

Grey, Anschetil de 92 

Grey, Henry de 92, 93 

Greys of Sutton, Eng 8, 04 

Grey, Walter de, Lord High Chancellor 92 

Grey, Wm. de • 8 

Groton , 146, 147 

Gynsecological Soc. of Boston 35 

166 INDEX. 


Hammat Papers ; l"? 

Hampton Roads 6 

Harleian Manuscript and Miscellany 12, 122 

Harris, Rev. Thaddeus Mason, S.T.D 10 

Harvard College 19, 83, 138 

Haywarde, Diany 17 

Hague, The 144 

Henry II . . • ^^^ 

Henry III ^^ 

Henry VI 1 

Henry VII 94 

Henry VIII ■ 3 

Henstead 12 

Herald's Visitation 12 

Herjulfson, Bjarni 5 

Hicks's Hall 66, 67 

Hicks, Robert 66, 67 

Hicks, Sir Baptist 66 

Higliounger 12 

Hingliam, Mass 22, 33 

Hingham, Old, England 24, 33 

Holiwater Clerks 2 

Home, changed to Orne 102-104, 121, 128, 129 

Home, Daniel, not from Scotland 123, 129 

Home, early families of, in Dover 108-111 

Home, early families of, in England 103, 118, 119 

Home, early families of, in Framingham 117, 118 

Home, Joseph^ 104 

Home, Joseph* 104, 107 

Home, Joseph^ 105, 106, 107 

Home, Oliver de 9 

Home (Orne), Deacon John, of Salem 129, 130 

Home or Orne, the spelling of the name of 102, 104, 119122, 128 

Home, Rev. Geo., D.D., Bishop of Norwich, Eug 119 

Home, Rev. William, Rector of Otham, England 119 

Home's Hill 104 

Home, William^ 104, 107 

Home, Wm., of Dover 104. 107, 125, 130 

Hornsey 131 

Horsford, E. N., Prof 5 

House of Joseph^ Clarke IS 

House, Rev. Wm 29 

Howard, Hon. Chas., Peer of Eng 144 

INDEX. 167 

Howards I44 

How persons in Vermont may change their names 129 

Hubbard, Margaret 138 

Hubbard, Eev. Wm 138 

Hume, David, Historian 122 

Hundred Eolls 2 

Hunter, Sarah 143 

Himter, William 143 


Iceland 5 

Inner Temple, London 143, 146 

Inscription to three Clarkes 10 

Inventory of estate and Will of John Downing 153-156 


Jackson, Gen. Andrew 24 

James Cittie 7 

Jencks, Daniel 24 

Jencks, Sophia 24 

Joseph of Arimathea, story of 4, 5 


Kent, CO. of Eng 12, 14 

Kent, Earl of 93 

Kent, Hannah, of Barriugton, R. I SO 

King, Emeline Gushing Orne 108 

Kirkman 14 

Knights Hospitallers, Order of 130 


Lancaster, John of Gaunt, Duke of 2 

Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury 149 

Laurus, Anthony 13 

Leake, Elizabeth 8 

Leake, family of 8, 94 

Le Baron, Lazarus .... 07 

Le Clerk, Beatrix 2 

Le Clerk, Milo 2 

Le Clerk, Walter 2 

Leicester, Mass 131, 132 

Leipzig, Germany 34 

Lettice, Dorothy 68, 89, 90 

Lexington, Battle of 23, S3, 105, 135 

Lincoln, Cathedral of 2 

London, Eng 1, 7, 34, 64, 90, 92, 94, 103, 130, 131, 138, 143, 144, 146, 149 

168 INDEX. 


Magdalen College, Oxford, Eug 1, 24 

Magdalene, Mary 4 

Malt, manufacture of IS, 20 

Manuscript, Allefonsee 5 

Martha 4 

Mary and John, ship 5, 11, 32 

Mass. Med. Soc 35 

Masur-wood 5 

Mather, Cotton . 24, 151 

Mather, Eichard - 11 

Mayflower, ship 66,75, 86 

Mayflower Pilgrims 66, 86 

McClellan, Gen. Geo. B , 33 

McWhinnie, Kev. James, D.D 99 

Mendon, Mass 20, 52 - 61 

Medfield, Mass 12, 17 

Med way 7 

"Meritorious Price of Man's Eedemption" 137, 139 

Metcalf, Experience 20 

Metcalf, Jane 107, lOS, 132 

Metcalf, John 20 

Metcalf, Michael 20, 1:33, 134 

Metcalf, Ptev. Leonard 20, 135 

Metcalf, Samuel« lOS, 132, 133 

Metcalf, derivation of the name of 20 

Mexico 24 

Middlesex, Eng., great forest of 130 

Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the L'. S 35 

Military record of Clarke, Augustus Peck* 33-34 

Militaiy record of Clarke, Capt. Ichabod° 22-23 

Mihtary record of Clarke, Capt. Joseph^ 17 

Military record of Clarke, Edward' .23-24 

Militai-y record of Clarke, Hugh 17 

MQitary record of Clarke, Seth Darling- 25 

Military record of Darling, Capt. John 42, 43 

Military record of Downing, Capt, Xath 152 

Military record of Drury, Xicholas 2 

Military record of Gray, Col. Thos- 83 

MiUtary record of Home (Orne), Joseph^ 105 - 107 

Military record of Metcalf, Samuel'^ 135, 136 

MiUtary record of Peck, Joel' 24 

Militaiy record of Peppit, Eobert 8 

Military record of Pynchon, Maj. John 140 

Military record of Pynchon, Col. John 137 - 139 

INDEX. 169 

Milton, John I45 

Ministers, Presbyterian 22 

Monasteries of Bury, Clement Clerk, prior of 2 

Monasteries 2, 3 102, lol 

Mooreton, parish of 10 

Morpeth, Viscount I44 

Morse, Kev. B. S 25 

Moscow, Piussia 40 

Mount Hope TO, 71, 82 


Nantasket 5^ 32 

Xaponset 6 

Narraganset 143 

Xarraganset Campaign ! 1" 

New Orleans 24 

Nevis 14;3, 144, 148, 151, 153 

Normandy 92, 102 

Norton, John 108, 137 

Norumbega 5 


Old Bailey, London 66 

Oldcastle, Sir John 131 

Old Parish Church of Medfield 17 

Order or manor of St. John, Jerusalem, 130, 131 

Ome, Eunice 117 

Orne, family of, Corinth. Tt 107, 108, 128 

Orne family, see Home family, etc 

Orne, Jane Metcalf 107, 108 

Ome. Lois Ill, 112 

Orne, Mary (Polly)^ 95, 96, 108 

Ome, Eobert S 108 


Paris, France 34 

Parish registers of Stapleford Tawney 90, 92 

Parliament. Old Writs of 2 

Paschal, Pope 5 

Peck, David' 24 

Peck, Fanny* 24, 32 

Peck, Joel5 24, 25 

Peck, John, of Belton, knight 33 

Peck, Joseph, gent, emigrant ancestor 24 

Peck, Lucy Fish 24 

170 INDEX. 

Peck, NathanieP 24 

Peck, Kev. Robert 24 

Paper V. Deventer, Hans 9 

Pepper, Agnes 10 

Pepper, (Peppitt), Alice 6, 7, 8, 9 

Pepper, Edward 12 

Pepper, Henry 12 

Pepper, John 10 

Pepper, John 12 

Pepper, Richard 11 

Pepper, Thomas 10 

Peppit, Ann 8 

Peppit, Elizabeth . 8 

Peppit, John 8 

Peppit, Mary 8 

Peppit, Richard 8 

Peppit, Robert 8 

Philip, King, Indian chief 42, 69-71, 140, 143, 145 

Pinchon, Mrs. Frances (Samford) 108, 139 

Plymouth, Eng 5, 32, 134 

Plymouth, Mass 16, 32, 60-72, 74, 75, 77, 87, 89, 90, 95 

Potomac, Army of 34 

Preble, Capt. Geo. Henry, U. S. N 23 

Priory, ancient, of St. James Clerkenwell 131 

Providence, R. 1 22, 33 

Providence, East, R. 1 25, 31, 32 

Puffer, Eleazar 21 

Puffer, Elizabeth 21 

Puffer, James 21 

Puffer, Richard 21 

Pynchon, Col. John^ 138, 140 

Pynchon, Col. Wm 137, 140 

Pynchon family 131, 137 - 141 

Pynchon, John, of Springfield, Essex, Eng 139 

Pynchon, Maj. and Col. John^ 137, 138, 140 

Pynchon, Margaret 131, 141, 152 

Pynchon, Nicholas, of Wales, Sheriff of London 138, 152 


Quakers, putting to death of 11 


Revolution, War of 105, 135, 157 

Rhode Island, Battle of 33 

Richard II 93 

INDEX. 171 

Eichardson, Hannah 131 132 153 

Kichardson, Thos 131 132 

Richmond, Va 34 

Ricker, Geo. and Maturin IO9 

Ridgaway, Hannah 151 

Robert, Duke of Normandy 92 

Rockwood, Deacon Nathaniel , 132 

Rockwood, Margaret 132 

Rockwood, Richard 132 

Rogers, Margaret 14q 

Rogers, Margaret (Crane) 140 

Rogers, Rev. Nathaniel 140 

RoUo 92 

Rome, Italy 35 

Rumboldeswyke 15 

Russell, Lord Wm 66 


Salisbury, Earl of 144 

Salisbury, Sarah Ann 24 

Sandiacre 8, 94 

Saxon nations and descet 4, 121 

Scarsdale, Earl of 8, 94 

Scotts, Mary Queen of 144 

Searll, Frank Elmer 31 

Sermons on the death of Seth Darling Clarke 25-30 

Seven Days' Battles 33 

Shelley, Co. of Suffolk, Eng 14 

Shepard, Mary (Wainwright) 151 

Shepard, Rev. Jei-emiah 151 

Shepard, Rev. Thos., ancient minister of Cambridge, Mass 150 

Sheridan, Gen. P. H 34 

Ship, Arbella 5, 33, 143 

Ship, Anne 08 

Ship, Constance 6 

Ship, Columbia 87-89, 157 

Ship, Diligent - 24, 33 

Ship, Elizabeth 17, 23 

Ship, Francis 16, 18 

Ship, John and Dorothy 134 

Ship, Mary and Jane 143 

Ship, Mary and John 5, 11, 32 

Ship, Mary Anne 19 

Ship, Mayflower 66, 75, 86 

Ship, Rose of Yarmouth 134 

172 INDEX. 

Sloop, Seahorse 152 

Sloop, Washington 87-89, 157 

Smith, Abigail 20 

Smithfield, R. 1 22 

Spain, expedition of 2 

Spa-fields 131 

Spencer, Gen. Joseph 24 

Sprague, Amos 22 

Sprague, Benjamin 22 

Sprague, Edward 22 

Sprague, Horace Arnold 24 

Sprague, Jonathan 22 

Sprague, Phebe 22 

Sprague, William 22 

Squeb, Captain, master of " Mary and John." 5, 32, 33 

St. Anthony Cross, etc 2 

Stapleford Tawney, Eng 66, 90, 92, 94 

Star Chamber 134 

St. Dionis Backchurch, London 146 

St. Gabriel Fanchurch, London 146 

St. James Clerkenwell, parish of, London 9, 64, 103, 130, 131 

St. John's Gate 131 

St. Mary, Aldermary 8, 9 

Stoddard Anthony 143 

Stoughton, Capt. Israel 11 

St. Peter's church, Rome 3 

Suffolk Co., Eng , .12-17, 19, 32, 33, 147, 149 

Sullivan, Gen. John 23 

Surnames, origin of 1, 2 

Sutton, Greys of , 8, 94 

Swalden, Mary 21 


Talbot, Elizabeth 21 

Tatterford, Eng 20, 133 

Tax, hateful 7 

Thatcher, Peter 22 

Thompson, David 44 

Thompson's Island 44, 45 

Thompson, Mary 45 

Thorfinn 5 

Thorwald 5 

Titles of papers contributed by A. P. Clarke , 35 - 40 

Tiverton, R. 1 69, 70, 73, 75, 81, 82, 84, SU, 158 

Tucker, Rev. Thos. Wait 95, 108 

INDEX. 173 

Turck, 9 

Turnbase Lane, London, Eng 8 

Tylney, (Tilny), Elizabeth 14 


Ufflet, Hester 14 

University of Cambridge, Eng 150 


Vancouver's Island , . 157 

Vatican at Rome 5 

Verrazano 5 

Vickery, Washington 24 

Virginia 6, 7, 9 

Virgin Mary r 4 


Warnwright, Francis 151 

Wales, Nicholas Pynchon of 138, 152 

War of 1812 24 

Warwick, Co. of , 1 

Washington, Gen, Geo 23, 24, 33 

Waynham, Eng 134 

Wedge, Daniel 20 

Welney, Cambridgeshire 15 

Westminster, London 94, 95 

Weymouth, Mass 47 

Wheeler, Experience . . 20 

Wheeler, Isaac 20 

Wight, Mary 19 

Will of John Downing of Nevis 153, 154 

Williams, Roger 97 

William the Conqueror 92, 95, 102, 147 

Will of Capt. John Darling 43 

Will of Col. Thos*. Gray 84 

Will of Edward Gray of Tiverton 75, 76 

Will of Samuel Darling 45, 46 

Will of Thos. Gray of Little Compton 76 

Willoughby, Eng 1 

Winslow, Gov. Josiah 7S 

Winthrop, Adam, Esq , , 143, 146 

Winthrop, Gov. John 17, 102, 137, 139, 146 - 148 

Winthrop, Lucy 143, 146 

Wormingham, Eng 15 

Wren, Bish, Matthew. 134 

174 INDEX. 

Wrent.ham, Mass 19 

Wrentham, Eng 19 

Wright, Louisa B. (Gray) 86 

Writtle, Eng 152 

Wyllys, Amy 140 

Wyllys, Gov 140 

Wyman, Dr. Morrill 39 

Wymondley Priory - 15 


Telvertons 93 

" Ynis - Witrin " 4 


Allen, Christian, of Swansey, Mass., wife of Lieutenant and 
Deacon Nathaniel" Peck, married March 8, 1695-6 ; died Nov. lU, 
1743. He was son of Nathaniel- Peck and was born July 26, 
1690 ; died August 5, 1751. 

Deliverance, wife of Nathaniel- Peck, was buried May 1, 1675. 
Nathaniel- Peck was son of Joseph' Peck, emigrant ancestor, and 
was born at Hingham, Mass., and baptized there, Oct. 31, 1641 ; 
he was buried Aug. 12, 1676. 

Fish, Lucy, wife of JoeP Peck, was the daughter of Daniel 
Fish of Seekonk, Mass. She died March 26, 1864, in her 90*'' 
year. JoeP Peck was son of David* Peck and was born August 
28, 1759 ;he died Nov. 11, 1833. JoeP Peck settled upon the 
homestead of his fathers in Barrington, R. I. 

Humphrey, Sarah, wife of David* Peck, m. Sept. 20, 1744. 
David* Peck, son of NathanieP Peck, was born Nov., 1707, and 
was baptized April 17, 1709 ; he died March 4, 1771, 

JoeP Peck, of Barrington, R. I., had six children : — 

Horatio, b. Dec. 3, 1793. 

Elnathan, b. Jan. 27, 1796. 

Bela, b. Jan. 29, 1798. 

Wealthy, b, Sept. 22, 1800. 

Sebea, b. Jan. 25, 1803. 

Fanny, b. Sept. 6, 1805. 

Bethia, b. Aug. 4, 1808. 

Clarissa, b. Dec. 13, 1812. 

Horatio*^ Peck m. (1st) Nancy Mathewson, da. of Daniel 
Mathewson, of Barrington, R. I., (2nd) Martha Chace, da. of 
Wanton Chace, of Pawtucket, R. I., and (3rd) Martha Martin, da. 
of James Martin, formerly of Newport, R. I. His children 
were: James B., Henry C, Martha Jane, George E., Nancy 
Jane, Hiram F., John M., Albert S., and Horatio W. 

Elnathan^ Peck m. Mercy Martin. His child was Sarah A., b. 
Oct. 8, 1829, m. Benjamin Walker, of Seekonk, June 8, 1855. 

Bela" Peck, s. of JoeP, m. Lemyra A. Peck, da. of Ambrose 
Peck, of Seekonk, Mar. 18, 1821. His children were: Al- 


pheus M., Edwin F., Albert H., Susan A,, Albert H., Horace M., 
Horace T., and Annie A. M. 

Sebea" Peck, son of JoeF, m. Rebecca Cooper, of Boston. His 
children were : Ann Eliza, Emily F., Serapliina M., Horatio 
N., and Laura Elizabeth, 

Wealthy^ Peck m. Nathaniel Medbery, of Barrington. Her 
children were : Matthew, Lucy, Andrew, Theophilus, Angeline, 
and James. 

Fanny*' Peck m. Seth Darling Clarke (see pages 24, 31-40). 

Bethia*' Peck m. Benjamin B. Medbery. Her children were : 
Benjamin T., Mary, Horace, and Charles. 

Clarissa*^ Peck m. Robert T. Smith ; no children. 

Thomas Ellis was a brother of John, and came from Dedham to 
Medtield in the end of 1651, or the beginning of 1652. His grant 
for a house-lot was on North Street, the spot now occupied by 
his lineal descendants. The estate has never been out of the 
possession of the family. His house was evidently built as early 
as 1653, and he married in 1657 Mary Wight. He died in 1690, 
and his wife in 1693. Children : — 

Judith, 1658 ; m. in 1678 Benjamin Rockwood. 

Mary, 1660-1717 ; m. in 1678 Jonathan Adams. 

Abiel, 1662-1716; m. in 1683 Zachary Barber. 

Samuel, 1664. 

Thomas, 1666-1670. 

Patience, 1668-1695 ; m. in 1691 Henry Adams. 

Ruth, 1670 ; was living unmarried in 1697, 

Joanna, 1677 ; m. in 1698 Nathaniel Rockwood." 

(See Tilden's Hist, Med,) 

Joshua Darling, son of Samuel'^ (John^, Denice^) and Mary 
Thompson his wife, m, Martha Wilson, Then* children b. in 
Bellingham were : — 

Philla, b. March 27, 1763. 

Ahimas, b, March 19, 1765, 

Abijah, b, April 2, 177, 

Amasa, b, April 30, 1769. 

Paty, b, Nov, 29, 1770. 

Michael, b. Feb. 20, 1773. 

William, b. Sept. 30, 1780. 



^ NOV 87