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Full text of "Club life"

LIBRARY 

OF THE 

University of California. 

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LIBRARY 

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University of California. 



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EANCE.OFT LIERAP.Y 



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()[(ia^, 1902 



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Contents 

Civib-woman's Gviild 1 

Cal. Federation of "Women's Clubs 1 

State Federated Clubs - - - - 1 

Notice— Badge Pin 1 

Council of "Women ------- 3 

California Club 3 

Foreetry — DorotHy Hamden - - - - ^ 

Porteous Club 4" 

Laurel Hall Club 5-13 

"Van Ness Senninary Club . . - . 3 

DaugHters of tKe Revolution - - - - 6 

Sequoia CHapter, D. A. R.. O 

Cal. Society of Artists 7 

SKetch Club Exhibition 7 

Our Mayor as a Composer S 

Pioneer Daughters 9 

Official Program G. F. W. C. Biennial lO 

Papyrus Club - - lO 

Forum Club H 

CHanning Auxiliary 11 

SKetch Club - - - 11 

** Two Evenings," Story, Sacia "Van R. Mace 12 

Cal. State Floral Society 13 

Spinners Club 13 

Town and Gown, BerKeley - - - 13 

"They are "Waiting for Me," Poem, Grace 

Hibbard 13 

Perfumery Project 14- 

Mills Club 14 

The Mouth and Its Relation to the "Welfare 
of the General System — Dr. Chas. E.d- 

w^in Hart 15 

A Great Painter's Creed ----- lt> 

BooK Reviews lt> 



-^^■ron Librerv 



Club Life 



Of the -^^ \ 




Vol. 1. 



MAY, 1902 



No. 1. 



THe Club-woman's Guild 

1. A few kindred spirits and clubwomen banded 
together in friendship and unity of purpose — that of 
publishing a paper worthy to breathe through its pages to 
the public the greatness of woman's work in the 
Woman's Clubs of San Francisco and Alameda County. 

2. Compiled with a view to be of interest to all 
womankind, Chib Life will give papers by noted women, 
read before the clubs ; special subjects by eminent local 
doctors and the pure-food question. 

The social side will not be forgotten ; the doings 
for the ensuing month in exhibitions, concerts, teas and 
all such like will be quite a feature. 

3. The restrictions in the constitution of certain 
clubs regarding publishing club matter will be respected, 
but we hope to bring sufficient power to bear upon the 
question in our favor at the proper time. 

4. And now it is for you, dear reader, to help us to a 
successful issue by your appreciation. We will try hard 
to deserve it. 

We, ourselves, have no doubt of the issue, for our 
motto. For You and With You, means the natural kind- 
ness that is in all — what we feel for you — and must 
needs fall on us. 

What our worthy Mayor says : " To the Club- 
woman's Guild, Publishers of Club Life: Put me down 
as a subscriber to your club paper. From the front 
cover's artistic appearance the outlook of the magazine 
bids fair to be a great success with its many channels of 
doing good in the great field of woman's work. Yours 
truly, E. E. Schmitz, Mayor." 

In a personal letter to one of the members of the 
Guild, Mrs. H. E. Huntington writes : " I shall be very 
pleased to subscribe for your club paper, which seems to 
me an excellent idea for bringing women more in touch 
with each other. It will surely meet with great success, 
and deservedly so, I am sure. I am so pressed for time 
that I am sending in my resignation to various clubs of 
which I am a member. I shall always take an interest 
in club work, and will find much of interest in the paper." 

The Clubwoman's Guild is situated in the Hearst 
Building (Examiner), Room 207, on the second floor, 
hours from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. 



We have made our office attractive for you. Come 
and see us. 

On the last page is the successful design adopted 
by the California Federation of Women's Clubs for its 
crest and pin. Out of a number sent in from San Fran- 
cisco, this was selected to be forwarded to Los Angeles 
for consideration by the southern committees, and from 
all the drawings submitted there it was returned with 
unqualified approval. 

The design was made by Miss Berenice Scoville of 
this city, a member of the California, Papyrus and other 
Clubs. 

The pins are being manufactured by Vanderslice & 
Co., and the first 100 will be ready in time for the Bien- 
nial in Los Angeles. 

The decoration is in gold and blue enamel. The 
torch, of raised gold, signifies strength and enlighten- 
ment ; the wings, gold in relief, stand for aspiration, and 
the garter, of blue enamel, indicates union, completeness 
and honor. On the flat gold background are the raised 
letters C. F. W. C. in black enamel, and around the 
garter, in gold letters, runs the motto, "Strength united 
is stronger." 

On April 24th the presidents of the State Federated 
Clubs met to arrange for a reception to be given official 
delegates from Eastern States. 

It was decided to have the reception at the Ebell 
Club, Oakland, the date to be set after the arrival of the 
delegates at Los Angeles. 

The following officers were present : 

Mrs. Bulkley, President State Federation. 

Miss Gray, Ebell. 

Mrs. Lowenberg, Philomath. 

Mrs. George Law Smith, California. 

Mrs. Bates, Mills. 

Mrs. Oultan, Century. 

Mrs. Harrington, Sorosis. 

Mrs. Carmany, Laurel Hall. 

Mrs. Bucknell, State Board. 

Mrs. Orr, State Board. 

Mrs. Kendall, Contemporary. 

Mrs. Kinne, Papyrus. 




Notice 

All members of clubs belonging to the California 
State Federation can obtain C. F. W. C. pins upon ap- 
plication to the Chairman of the Badge Committee, Mrs. 
John Jay Scoville, 2223 Pacific Avenue, San Francisco. 
Price of pin, 90 cents ; registry on each package, 8 cents. 



[« 



Show them CaUfornia 



When the delegates have ended their de- 
liberations let them see the orange groves 
of Riverside, Redlands and Pasadena ; Santa 
Monica, Mt. Lowe, the Santa Barbara Mis- 
sion, San Luis Obispo, Paso Robles Springs, 
beautiful Del Monte, Santa Cruz, San Jose, 
Mt. Tamalpais, Yosemite, the wonderful 
Big Trees, the Napa Valley, and then they 
will only have seen a little of our great State. 
The illustrated literature of the Southern 
Pacific will be treasured by the visitors as 
souvenirs, and can be obtained for the asking. 



E. O. McCORMICK 

Passenger Traffic Manager 



T. H. GOODMAN 

General Passenger Agent 



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA 



Adelaide Hanscom 




photographic yirt Studio 



Room pj. Flood Building 
San Francisco 



WE CARRY A CHARMING ASSORTMENT OF 
THE MOST EXQUISITE STYLES OF : : : : : 

EVER CREATED — A VARIETY AMPLE TO 
SATISFY THE MOST FASTIDIOUS. SOME 

TASTEFULLY TRIMMED WITH HANDSOME 
REAL LACES, OTHERS WITH FINE EMBROID- 
ERIES, AND DELICATE, YET PERMANENT, 
SHADES OF WASH RIBBONS .::::::: 
SINGLE PIECES AND BRIDAL SETS. PRICES 
MODERATE :::::::::::::::: 




918-922 Market Street, San Francisco 




[2 



Council of Women 



OFFICERS 

President, Mrs. J. F. Swift. 
Vice-President at Large, Mrs. G. W. Bunnell. 
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. E. J. Foster. 
Recording Secretary, Mrs. M. E. Hall. 
Treasurer, Mrs. F. A. Kendall. 

ASSOCIATIONS BELONGING TO COUNCIL 

Alumnas Association, U. C. 

Century Club. 

Contemporary Club. 

Daughters of the American Revolution. 

Daughters of Pioneers. 

Elks' Ladies' Auxiliary. 

Laurel Hall Club. 

Ladies' Aid of Berkeley. 

Milliners' Club. 

Oakland Club. 

Pioneer Women. 

People's Place. 

Political Equality Club of Berkeley. 

Schumann Club. 

Seven Pines Circle. 

Sketch Club. 

Spinners' Club. 

South Park Settlement Mothers' Club. 

Susan B. Anthony Club. 

Sorosis. 

Teachers' Club. 

Visiting Nurses' Auxiliary. 

Wm. Morris Club. 

W. C. T. U. 

County Association W. C. T. U. 

W. C. T. U. of Berkeley. 

West End Suffrage Club. 

The matter of the Consumer's League having been 
introduced in the Local Council of Women by the Con- 
temporary Club, a circular letter was formed and sent the 
latter part of April to the President of each organization 
represented in the Local Council of Women, as follows: 

" The Council of Women of San Francisco requests 
your consideration in the matter of the Consumer's 
League, and hopes for favorable action on the part of 
your organization in regard thereto. 

" Briefly stated, the Consumer's League is an en- 
deavor seeking to help make better conditions for those 
who make and distribute the goods we buy. 

"In order to promote these ends the League issues 
to manufacturers who follow the legal requirements and 
maintain satisfactory conditions, a label. By encourage- 
ing a demand for this label we give our financial and 
moral support to merchants and manufacturers who main- 
tain such conditions. 

" The immediate aims of the League through the use 
of its label are to abolish the sweating and tenement- 
house system and to promote sanitary and humane con- 
ditions in all mercantile establishments. 

" The sweatshop and tenement-made garments are 
sold throughout the entire country, and in this manner 
contagious and infectious diseases may reach any of our 
homes. 

" There are already thirty Leagues in eleven States, 
and it is to be hoped the women of California will not be 
backward in taking up this commendable work. 

" Mrs. Florence Kelley, the corresponding secretary 



of the National Consumer's League, will be in San Fran- 
cisco the closing days of May. Mrs. Kelley has earned 
a national reputation by her splendid work as Official 
Factory Inspector of the State of Illinois. An opportu- 
nity will be given to those who manifest an interest in 
the work of the Consumer's League, to meet and listen 
to Mrs. Kelley in the purposes and aims of the League. 
" We hope for the co-operation of your organiza- 
tion. Will you kindly bring the matter before it, and 
inform us of the action taken ? 

" Yours very sincerely, 

" Mrs. John F. Swift, 

" President. 
" Mrs. E. J. Foster, 
" Cor. Secretary, 

" 1204 lackson Street." 



California Club 



The California adjourned on the 15th of April 
until the 20th of May out of compliment to the Biennial 
in Los Angeles. The heads of all its departments and 
sections and a large percentage of its members have 
gone south, and no meetings will be held until the last 
week of May. Then each department will convene and 
settle the year's work before the vacation of three months. 
The exact dates of the various meetings for this final 
week are as yet undecided. 

The Department of Social Science, under Mrs. 
Arthur Cornwall, possesses a Hospital Section which 
labors among the poor and needy in the County Hos- 
pital, and has accomplished much good. 



department of education 

The Educational Department, under Miss Kathe- 
rine Ball, has pursued its work steadily during the past 
year. Its sections. Art, Literature and Traveling Libra- 
ries, have been well attended and report satisfactory 
progress. 

The Literature Section, under Mme. Tojetti, is 
just completing an interesting course of modern litera- 
ture, including the best of contemporary foreign writings. 

The Art Section, for the first part of the year 
under Miss Kalisher, studied the lives and works of the 
old masters, beginning with Giotto and Cunabue and 
continuing to modern times. Mrs. H. H. Fassett has 
been at the head of the section since Januarv, and has 
offered interesting programs, especially an illustrated talk 
on Japanese prints by Professor Armes of Berkeley. 

The Traveling Library Section, in charge of Miss 
Patch, has five cases of books traveling from place to 
place in the interior of the State. Mr. Campbell, an 
authority on such work, spoke before the department on 
" Aggressive Library Work in California." 

Francis Melbourne Greene has lectured before the 
club on "Art," and Mr. Henry Payot on "Japan," 
illustrated by stereopticon views. 

The Oakland Woman's Club will again carry on a 
vacation school during the summer vacation. The 
necessity for this school will be greater than ever this 
year, as the vacation is to be eight weeks. This will be 
the fourth summer that this club has cared for children 
who cannot go out of town and who must find their 
vacation in the streets unless brought into the vacation 
schools. The rapidly increasing membership of this 
club is evidence of the great interest in the worthy 
objects for which this club stands. 



3] 



The public is at last awake to the necessity of taking 
steps toward preserving the forests. Not now are there 
only here and there a fanatic few expostulating and 
warning, drawing lurid pictures of the direful fate await- 
ing future generations when the mountain slopes are bare 
and valleys barren, but all over the country the feeling 
exists that wanton waste must cease and the forests be 
saved from destruction. 

That something must be done, and now, is realized 
by all, the problem occupying the attention of the many 
clubs and organizations formed for the protection of the 
forests is, " What and how ? " 

We have been told many times of the governmental 
ownership of the forests in the old country. In Sweden 
the State owns 18,000,000 acres of forest land, which is 
managed and cared for by graduates of the Schools of 
Forestry maintained by the State. As a result of wise 
and judicious management the cost of schools and care- 
takers is defrayed out of the products sold, the profit to 
the State being four times the expenditure. 

A somewhat different tale this from the one of 
waste and destruction we have to tell. 

The problem in this country, however, is compli- 
cated by State and private ownership of vast tracts of 
forest land, and until we have harmonious State and 
Federal laws on the subject we shall "flounder in a sea 
of difficulties." Particularly should the Government 
provide for replanting waste areas. For every tree cut 
one should be planted. But to carry out the provisions 
of any laws made in the interest of the forests there 
must be trained foresters, and to have trained foresters 
there must be Schools of Forestry. 

The members of the Forestry Section of the Cali- 
fornia Club, realizing the grand opportunity open to the 
State in its University to educate a body of men to be 
able to care for its forests, have been in communication 
with President Benjamin Ide Wheeler, who has taken a 
keen interest in the subject, with the result that a course 
of lectures on " Forestry " by an eminent authority from 
the East will be given at the summer school of the Uni- 
versity, held during the vacation. This is an important 
step forward. It is hoped that the public will show that 
it is awake to California's urgent need, and by help and 
encouragement make further progress possible. 

Dorothy Hamden, 

Secretary Forestry Section, California Club. 



•)•" 



f 



A. Few Facts Relative to tKe Porteous Club 

Experience shows that success is due less to ability than to zeal. The 
winner is he who gives himself to his work, tody and soul. 

What is the Porteous Club? In this bustling, club- 
ridden land, why should we be asked to pause and take 
an interest in the Porteous? 

Firstly, because it is young and tender, a veritable 
babe among female clubs and the maternal spirit which 
yearns over all fledglings should make our hearts go out 
to this birdlet, just leaving the nest and trying its wings. 

Secondly, because the Porteous is a new experiment 
in clubs, an attempt to lighten the lot of the weary toiler 
by the interchange of mutual sympathies and the exer- 
cise of mutual aspirations. The ordinary club claims the 
woman of leisure; the Porteous is for her who labors 
with her hands and has scant time for the pleasant byways 
of culture and refinement. 

Thirdly, because every attempt to " level up " the 
ruts and furrows in the path of the working woman or 
girl should appeal to her sisters all over the land, as an 
incentive and example. The success or failure of every 



such attempt acts directly on the future of the Nation, for 
if the working man is the Nation's bone and sinew, the 
working woman is its marrow. 

Three years ago, in 1898, the Porteous was formed 
through the exertions of the California Club (Philanthropic 
Department). The motto," Not what we have, but what 
we share," sufficiently evidences its communistic tenden- 
cies, and the object of the club, as expressed in Article 
III of the Constitution, "Shall be to promote social re- 
lations and to stimulate a desire for studies among girls 
employed during the day." There lay enwrapped the 
little grain of seed which may one day develop into the 
tall tree ; to the weary girl whose long day was passed 
in drudgery, to the factory hand, the store assistant, the 
typewriter, the dressmaker or the bookbinder, to all 
whose davs were a mechanical round and who craved the 
opportunity for mental exertion, the Porteous came as a 
boon. Encouragement, stimulus, practical help, were 
brought to their doors. For the first two years comfort- 
able rooms were furnished, rent free, by Mrs. Porteous, 
in South Park. On November i, 1900, the club was 
removed to the Supreme Court Building, where for the 
past year it has continued the good work begun in South 
Park. 

A cooking class has been regularly instructed by 
Mrs. Damkroeger and under her direction an elaborate 
dinner was cooked and served to twelve members of the 
California Club to whom the Porteous Club was indebted. 
Miss Curry has given weekly grammar lessons. Health 
talks, literary meetings, social meetings, physical culture, 
choral singing, sewing and needlework have all had their 
share of attention, thanks to Mrs. E. L. Campbell, Mrs. 
Grace Roberts Moore, Professor John Hoover, Mrs. 
M. A. Cachot, Mrs. E. X. Rolker, Mrs. W. G. Ross 
and Miss Mae Cullen, assistant teacher of the Von 
Meyerinck School of Music. On Saturday and Sunday 
the club holds " open house " for members and their 
friends ; and all these advantages can be had for twenty- 
five cents a month. No wonder the club grew and that 
its list of members showed over one hundred names. 

The California Club having faithfully and affection- 
ately nursed the baby Porteous until they thought it 
could stand alone, proposed to leave it to test its walking 
powers, and May last the Executive Board of the Cali- 
fornia Club decided it had come of age and was strong 
enough to administer its own affairs. That the little club 
is capable of managing its own affairs in a small way is 
sufficiently evidenced by the concert it gave in the early 
part of the vear, when it was practically, though not yet 
nominally, on its own resources. The concert was under 
the management of Mrs. Anna Von Meyerinck, who had 
for a year past been teaching the girls gratuitously. The 
participants, all being volunteers who took an active in- 
terest in the Porteous, were Miss Mae Cullen, soprano; 
Miss Bud Friedlander, soprano; Miss Helen Heath, 
soprano; Mrs. Cecilia Decker Cox, alto; Miss Lula 
Feldheim, alto ; Mr. Bertin A. Weyl, baritone; Hazel 
Sexton, recitations, and Cecil Cowles, child pianist. The 
usual concert-room monotony was broken by two scenes 
from the renowned fairy opera " Hansel and Gretel," by 
Humperdinck, performed for the first time in San Fran- 
cisco. None the less was the affair organized and carried 
through in all its business details by the Porteous mem- 
bers themselves, and so well did they manage that they 
netted $108.05 ^^ ^'^^''" profit fro'ii t:he entertainment. 
After such a result none can doubt the business capacity 
of the baby Porteous. 

Yet the clearest-headed babies require advice, 
practical help, and, above all, the sympathy of experience 
to ensure them against stumbling. The little club is in 
no sense of the word a charity, although run by hard- 
worked girls to whom twenty-five cents set aside for fees 



[4 



UNIVER 



SiTv) 



often implies self-denial in the matter of girlish luxuries. 
Thanks to good management and the kindly thoughtful- 
ness of more than one friend, it may be trusted to be 
self-supporting. But self-denying thrift is not such a 
commonplace virtue that we need slight it, and our 
Porteous girls will be all the better for some encourage- 
ment, practical as well as theoretical, some sympathy for 
their independent attitude and thirst for self-improvement. 
This last will, of itself, involve them in unforeseen 
expenses, for we may lay it down as a general axiom that 
skilled instruction must have its price. True, the Por- 
teous has hitherto depended entirely on volunteer teachers, 
and to some of these the girls owe undying gratitude 
for their patient and untiring energy. But experience 
proves to all of us that voluntary teaching cannot be im- 
plicitly relied upon for persistent effort; in the case of a 
woman, more especially, " life's little worries " cause 
unforeseen breaks. If she be mistress of a household, 
maternal and social cares often interfere with the promised 
help ; if she be a young girl the charms of a new novel, 
of a friendly chat, of an enticing dance, may cause her to 
momentarily forget the hard-working sisters who expect 
her. And these sisters not only lose the one lesson, — they 
gain another — a lesson in mistrust, carelessness and apathy 
which mav act upon their whole lives. Therefore it is 
well that the Porteous Club should increase its expenses 
bv securing paid tuition. 

Moreover, the receipts are not likely to be so good 
at present as they look upon paper, for if the club numbers 
someone hundred members it must not be supposed that 
all these members are active co-operators. Many a girl joins 
in the mere hope of a little social excitement, and finding 
the club not answer to her expectations she falls away, 
omits her dues and is only known by her name on the 
list. Here, as elsewhere, the wheat must be winnowed 
from the chaff, and the serious ones, those who are 
thoroughly in earnest, have to separate from their more 
frivolous sisters. But to most people who scan the faces 
of the members, the winnowing process seems to have 
begun. 

I wish mv readers could accompany me to the pret- 
tiest little clubrooms in San Francisco and judge for 
themselves how the Porteous girls love their gathering 
home for which we pay $10.00 per month. A home it 
is to many of them in the most restful sense. The sit- 
ting-room with its warmth and comfort, its cozy chairs, 
its piano (which we are too poor to hold and are buying 
on the instalment plan) invitingly open, greets the weary 
one who has perhaps passed her day amid depressing 
surroundings, and she realizes straightway that life holds 
something worth living for. Beyond the sitting-room 
lies the combined dining-room andkitchen, spotlessly clean, 
shining with the polish left by willing hands, its blue and 
white china standing invitingly, its gas stove ready for 
active service. Here the tired girl suddenly revives ; 
with the housewifely home instinct upon her she throws 
aside hat and cloak, produces the provisions she has pur- 
chased on the way, and proceeds to cook the tinv meal 
which has to be merrily discussed and cleared away before 
the evening's occupations begin. When the hour arrives 
she is refreshed, cheered, full of renewed energy. 

But as you cannot come with me, do the next best 
thing — picture our clubrooms for yourself. Glance down 
our members' list and, as you turn the pages and scan 
the names, try mentally to look into the faces ofthe mem- 
bers of the Porteous Club — brave young girls' faces, full 
of life, instinct with the capacitv for enjoying life. 

And then remember that these girls spend the long 
day in the grind of office, shop, factory, faithful monoto- 
nous service of one kind or another. Sick or well, fair 
weather or foul, they must be at the daily routine, many 
of them earning a bare pittance in return for their labor. 



In many a case this pittance has to be earned not 
alone for self-support, but to aid the aged relative or the 
young brother and sister who cannot help themselves. 

And they plod on and on, but mere plodding does 
not absorb their faculties. The desire for self-culture is 
upon them ; ambition fires them. In their young hearts 
stirs the American instinct to forge ahead, the American 
faith that there is a higher place in the working and social 
scale for every one who earnestly seeks to rise. Strong 
in this faith they allow themselves no waste time, but 
spend their few leisure hours in the effort to fit themselves 
for that higher place. 

Shall not all true-hearted Americans sympathize 
with them and stretch out the hand of friendly encour- 
agement and good cheer? And shall we not, all and each 
of us, hold them up as an example in the city we inhabit, 
so that others may follow their incentive and many a far- 
away home be eventually benefited by the work of the 
Porteous Club? For remember, "Doing nothing for 
others is the undoing of ourselves." 

Mrs. Arthur W. Cornwall. 



Laurel Hall Club stands as the first literary club to 
be formed of women in San Francisco. It was founded 
in 1886 by Mrs. L. Manson Buckmaster, Principal of 
Laurel Hall, a boarding school for voung ladies, situated 
in San Mateo County, its charter members being formerly 
pupils of that institution. It was originally known as 
the Laurel Hall Educational Association, but upon the 
death of the founder its name was changed to Laurel 
Hall Club. As such it has pursued its course along the 
lines of literary advancement, its programs consisting 
of papers, discussions and lectures. Standing for pro- 
gress, it has within the last few months extended its 
scope by the addition of sections in French, mythology 
and civics. 

It is conservative, and has a limited membership of 
one hundred and fifty. Some of the brightest women 
among San Francisco's many bright women adorn this 
club, which distinctively cultivates a home spirit, believ- 
ing there can be no true progress without true harmony. 
The officers of Laurel Hall Club at the present time are : 

President, Mrs. Thos. W. Collins. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. Ringgold Carmany. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. John S. Gray. 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. H. C. Bunker. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Nathan H. Frank. 

Treasurer, Mrs. H. J. Sadler. 

Directors, Mrs. O. V. Thayer, Mrs. W. R, Parnell, 
Mrs. Geo. Volkmann, Mrs. W. J. Gray and Mrs. James 
Dewing. 

Delegates to the General Federation, Mrs. Thos. 
W. Collins, Mrs. Geo. W. Haight. 

Alternates, Mrs. Ringgold Carmany, Mrs. Jacob 
Brandt. 



"Van Ness Seminary Club 

This club is composed of graduates ofthe Van Ness 
Seminary and Miss Hamlin's School. The object of the 
club is to keep up the school friendship, only graduates 
being eligible for membership. The club entertains the 
graduating class on the last Monday of April of every 
year, and Monday, April 27th, gave a luncheon 
to the graduating class in the Maple Hall of the Palace 
Hotel. All the former teachers ofthe school are honor- 
an,- members and they also are entertained by the club 
once a year. 



5] 



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TKe DaugKters of tKe Revolution 

LA PUERTO DEL ORO, D. A. R. 

The regular monthly meeting of La Puerto Del 
Oro Chapter was held at the home of Mrs. J. D. 
Bolton, 2516 Clay Street, Tuesday, April 29th, at 3 
p. M. The meeting was a loan exhibit of daguerreo- 
types, ambrotypes and silhouettes, and an interesting 
program was rendered. 

The May meeting will be held at the home of Mrs. 
L. L. Dorr, 11 15 Hyde Street, and will be a musical 
afternoon. 

OFFICERS 

Regent, Mrs. W. H. Mills. 
Vice-Regent, Mrs. Austin Sperry. 
Recording Secretary, Miss Julia Reed. 
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Charles Suydam. 
Treasurer, Mrs. M. R. Raymond. 
Historian, Miss Susanne Patch. 
Registrar, Miss Harriet Currier. 

DIRECTORS 

Mrs. J. D. Bolton, 
Mrs. R. M. Wilson, 
Mrs. C. P. Osgood, 
Mrs. R. D. Bonestell, 
Mrs. K. F. Hart, 
Miss Ida Gibbons. 

Sequoia CHapter, D. A. R. 

Sequoia Chapter, D. A. R., boasts of a fixed abid- 
ing place for its worldly goods and its meetings. Its 
rooms in Sorosis Clubhouse, 1620 California Street, are 
filled with a collection of revolutionary relics that would 



repay inspection on the part of any one. Among the 
historic pieces of furniture, candelabra, muskets, etc., 
invaluable for their beauty as well as the associations 
which cluster around them, there shines forth the actual 
lantern of Paul Revere, carried by him on the eventful 
night so well known in American history. 

On Saturday, April 19th, the anniversary of the 
battle of Lexington, the Chapter held its annual break- 
fast at the Occidental Hotel. The tables were decorated 
in red, white and blue, and draped flags covered the walls. 
Mrs. Irving Moulton, Regent of the Chapter, presided 
as toast-mistress, and a stringed orchestra played patriotic 
airs during the banquet. 

Miss Moorehead, niece of Governor Moorehead of 
North Carolina, was a guest of honor, and brought greet- 
ings from the Giltord Battle Chapter of her State. Over 
a hundred and fifty guests enjoyed the breakfast and the 
speeches which followed. 

Mrs. J. F. Swift, the State Regent, spoke upon the 
recent National Congress, D. A. R.; Mrs. A. S. Hub- 
bard told of the growth of the Order on this Coast. 
Miss Patch, of Puerto Del Oro Chapter, answered to the 
toast" Worthy Purposes." Mrs. C. T. Mills pronounced 
the invocation, and the toast " Our Emblem, the Spinning 
Wheel," was responded to by Mrs. S. E. Farnham. 

The Sequoia Chapter meets on the second Monday 
of each month. Its Directorate is as follows: 

Regent, Mrs. Irving Moulton. 

Vice-Regent, Mrs. Wm. Asburner. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. G. E. Mavhew. 

Recording Secretary, Miss Gertrude Burnett. 

Treasurer, Mrs. G. P. Thurston. 

Historian, Mrs. S. E. Farnham. 

Registrar, Miss Elizabeth Jones. 

Curator, Mrs. Arthur Cross. 



[6 




California Society of Artists 



MANIFESTO 



As the California Society of Artists wishes to enlist 
your interest and co-operation in the movement for 
which it is organized, the objects of the society are here 
set forth : 

1st. To benefit local art and artists by stimulating 
interest in art. 

To benefit equally the members of this society and 
all other artists who may exhibit with it, by bringing 
them into closer contact with the public by holding inde- 
pendent semi-annual exhibitions which shall be more 
accessible to the public at large than those previously 
held here. 

2d. To bring the artists themselves into closer and 
friendlier contact with one another by maintaining an in- 
dependent society of artists, conducted exclusively by 
and for artists. 

3d. To give the younger artists a freer opportu- 
nity of showing what they can do, — providing always that 
their work be of good quality. 

Local artists are asked to exhibit with this society, 
the work of our own members being subject to just as 
searching criticism and careful selection as that of non- 
members. The intention of the society is to enlarge its 
membership to the fullest extent upon the basis of good 
work. 

Very respectfully yours, 

G. F. P. PlAZZONI, 

C. P. Neilson, 

L. Maynard Dixon, 

Committee. 

The objects of the exhibition being understood, the 
principal features are probably the works of Xavier P. 
Martinez, the painter, and Arthur Putnam, the sculptor ; 
Martinez, a native of Guadalajara, Mexico, and Put- 
nam, a Louisianian. The peculiar and strong individu- 
ality of these men shows in their work not only the 
artistic temperament, but the marked influence of their 
early environment. They are both essentially Western- 
ers. Martinez's principal canvas, " La Oracion," a beau- 
tiful evening effect, and his almost life-sized caricatures 
of the founders, show the extremes of his ability. 

Putnam, on the other hand, is altogether serious. 
His wonderful knowledge of wild animals, his insight 
into their nature, with his passion for strength and move- 
ment of the human figure, in such a well-defined bent, 
are rarely found in so young a man. 

Blenden R. Campbell, from his love of that mys- 
terious hour of evening, which is neither sunset nor 
twilight, brings home to us anew the sentiment of the 
ended day. 

Piazzoni is even more dreamy in his decorative — 
almost conventionalized — landscapes, with here and there 
a ghostlike figure introduced. He is also fond of weird 
night effects. His work is perhaps more liable to be 
misunderstood than that of most of the exhibitors, as it is 
further from the realistic, but (a word in your ear) 



if you will look at it merely as beautiful decorative har- /C 
monies of line and color tone, you will begin to appreciate ^ 
it. _ _ P 

Miss Sara Whitney has contributed two remarkably 
strong busts, one of "Uncle George" Bromley, that in 
slang is a " dead ringer," and Miss Gertrude Boyle, a fine 
little medallion of Professor Joseph Le Conte. 

Mrs. Clara E. Curtis has several of her powerful 
watercolors — of a strength so unusual in the work of 
women, especially in this medium, — executed in that 
peculiarly sombre tone of which she is so fond. 

C. P. Neilson has several of his bright and vivid 
watercolors, mostly of Chinese subjects, with all the 
quaintness of the original. 

Miss Caroline Rixford has a charming little figure 
of a girl, treated in a most tenderly decorative tone and 
color. The drawing may be a trifle weak, but that is 
more than redeemed by the beauty of the other qualities, 

J. J. Baumgartener has one of his vivid moonlights, 
which though a trifle spotty in composition, is yet very 
true and direct in effect. 

A new man in this connection is G. Leslie Hunter, 
whose strong and vivid sketches and drawings of life in 
Bohemia, are treated in a style which will probably prove 
new to San Franciscans. It is strange to some how this 
young man has persisted in keeping himself in the back- 
ground. 

W. H. Bull, who is better known as a designer than 
a painter, has put in several little landscapes with a sunny 
decorative " feeling " in them that is peculiarly his own. 

Dixon has some Indians and Mexicans, with a mus- 
tang or two, all with a strong inclination to bright sun- 
light effects. His long apprenticeship at illustration 
shows in his color work, which makes his lead-pencil 
drawings of Indians the best part of his exhibit. 

Matteo Sandona, the youngest member of the 
society, has only one piece, a large pastel of an Italian 
woman. 

Taking it all in all, the exhibition offers decided 
encouragement for the continued life of the society. 



SKetcK Club ExKibition 

The recent exhibition of the work of the Sketch 
Club members was by far t;he best the club has ever held. 
The general standard of the work was excellent. Indi- 
vidually, several portrait studies by Miss Olga Acker- 
man, one of M. B. Robinson, and a number of land- 
scapes by Miss Caroline Rixford, impressed one as the 
strongest part of the exhibition. 

Miss Anne M. Bremer contributed several life 
studies and landscapes, all of which showed a delicacy 
and richness of tone quite individual. 

Miss Annie F. Briggs and Mrs. Bertha Stringer 
Lee displayed some very good landscape work, and Miss 
Ella K. Wormser's child studies were very pleasing. 

The exhibition would not have been complete with- 
out some of Mrs. Albertine Randall Wheelan's quaint 
conceptions. She exhibited a set of charming little illus- 
trations for Miss Nell K. McElphone's " Surprise Book." 

Miss Alice Best showed a number of clever little 
pastel " Studies from Boyville," and Miss Mary C. 
Brady two pencil sketches of decided merit. 

Miss Rixford, in addition to her delightful landscape 
sketches, had a copy of" La Pourvoyeuse de Chardin." 

Mrs. Lucia K. Mathews also exhibited two copies 
in pencil — one from " L'Operation," par Brauer, and a 
copy of a Metsu. 

Miss Lillie V, O'Ryan, painter of the charming 
"Janice Meredith " miniature, had several beautiful minia- 
ture portraits on exhibition. 



7] 




Our Mayor as a Composer 



Though not generally known outside musical circles, 
our esteemed Mayor is not only a talented musician, but 
a very clever composer. Mr. Schmitz has for many 
years been connected with various orchestras in this city, 
his last engagement being musical director of the Colum- 
bia Theater, which position he held just prior to enter- 
ing upon his official duties as Chief Executive of our 
city. 

During his career as professional musician he is 
credited with having composed several inspiring numbers, 
none of which have ever been published. His latest 
effort is a very brilliant march, composed since assuming 
the responsibilities of office. In deference to the wishes 
of his many friends and admirers the march will be pub- 
lished shortly. It is written in a light, swinging style. 



very melodious and catchy, and sure to become im- 
mensely popular. Its title, "The Yankee Hustler," is 
intended as a tribute to American progress. The term 
" Yankee " needs no defining in the realm of the Stars 
and Stripes. " Hustler " is an Americanism universally 
applied to any one bright, energetic, wide-awake and en- 
terprising. 

The name is highlv appropriate and thoroughly in 
keeping with the spirit and dash of the music, a compli- 
ment to the American people from the Mayor of San Fran- 
cisco, elected as such by the unanimous vote of the people. 
The host of friends to whom he has endeared himself in 
former fields ot action mark with pride that his ability as 
director of municipal affairs has won for him the ap- 
proval of the entire community. 



L8 



Pioneer DaugKters 



On Monday afternoon, April 21, 1902, at Pioneer 
Hall, the Daughters ot California Pioneers gave a social 
day, the chief feature of which was the formal acceptance 
of the picture of the Hon. Peter M. Burnett, the first 
governor of California, by Miss Eliza D. Keith, the 
Historian of the society. The picture, a life-size portrait, 
was presented by his son and daughter, Mr. D. J. Bur- 
nett and Mrs. L. Ryland. Miss Keith said: 

" It is my proud privilege as Historian of the 
Daughters of California Pioneers to accept this painting 
of Governor Burnett in behalf of this society, and to 
thank his son, Dwight J. Burnett, and his daughter, Mrs. 
Letetia Ryland, for their gift, through Mr. Burnett's 
granddaughter, Mrs. Romie Hutchinson. We do well 
to honor his noble features with a place upon our walls, 
for California stands alone in the fact that the men who 
laid the foundations of this commonwealth made history 
so fast that we, their descendants, have the privilege of 
celebrating the anniversaries of historic events, and of 
honoring the men yet living who took part in those early 
times. One of the leading men of his day and genera- 
tions was Peter H. Burnett, who was born at Nashville, 
Tennessee, in 1807. In early manhood he moved to 
Missouri and there practiced law. At that time the 
Oregon question had come prominently before the peo- 
ple of the United States. Great Britain, with her historic 
long reach, was ready to make Oregon her own. Peter 
H. Burnett was a loyal, patriotic American. He felt 
that Oregon should belong to the United States and that 
the way to keep Oregon American was to make it Ameri- 
can by settlement and colonization. With Peter H. 
Burnett to think was to act, and at once he started out 
to preach a new crusade to the West. He organized a 
wagon train, headed it to Oregon and after 147 days of 
travel and over 1,600 miles of distance had been passed, 
the company found itself at Fort Vancouver, where John 
C. Fremont, then a lieutenant, was stationed. After 
four years of life upon the banks of the Willamette, in 
1848 Mr. Burnett was seized with the California gold 
fever and again organizing a wagon train, he started for 
the new El Dorado. After a brief experience in the 
mines, Mr. Burnett became the attorney and advisor of 
General John F. Sutter. So eminent did Mr. Burnett 
become, so honored for his legal ability and his integrity 
that when California entered the Union as a State, Peter 
H. Burnett was the first governor. He was always a 
leader, and after leaving the gubernatorial chair he be- 
came a member of the State Supreme Court. In 1 863 he 
founded the Pacific Bank and for years was its President. 
While his hand was the controlling force the bank enjoyed 
one continuous career of prosperity. In 1895 Governor 
Burnett died, full of years and of honors. It is appro- 
priate that we, the daughters of California Pioneers, 
should honor the men of whom Peter H. Burnett was so 
noble a type. Surely California was peacefully occupied 
by an army of immigrants, the like of which the world had 
never before seen. The men who came to California 
were men of brawn and muscle, of blood and brain; they 
were no off-colorings of an effete civilization or the wash 
of a receding wave upon the shores of time. They were 



young men in the prime of bodily vigor and intellectual 
power. They were men of wealth and standing in their 
home communities, and well they played their part in 
developing the resources of California, in laying founda- 
tions that should endure for all time. What were their 
first acts upon reaching this land of gold? Not the law- 
less deeds that have been attributed to them by the 
romancing Bret Harte, nor by those who coming later to 
our State to profit by the labors of the pioneers, have 
sought to dim their glory, to malign their memory. As 
for those clerical mountebanks, who, belonging to the 
only class of men that are accustomed to speak without 
question or fear of contradiction, have falsified history 
and rounded a pulpit period of hysterical oratory by de- 
nouncing the pioneers. 'I thank God,' said one of these 
clerics, ' that the reign of the pioneer is almost over.' 
His thanks were premature for his reign is over and the 
pioneers yet live, and their influence which made far 
more impression upon California than any ever he made, 
has passed on. Were the pioneers lawless men? What 
indeed were among their first acts? They established 
churches, they founded schools, they brought their 
families, they created civil order and social usage, they 
formed a community, they created a commonwealth. It 
is our pride that we are descended from these men — 
some may exclaim that in forming a society to perpetuate 
the memory of the pioneers we are surrounding ourselves 
with an exclusion act — that in some sense we feel that 
we are better than others in being so related to the men 
of '49. Let us not be too eager to deny the allegation, 
at the same time claiming our birthright of pride in their 
achievement. Next to the joy of achieving comes the 
pride of inheritance, and that right is ours. What wonder 
we love to read over the names enrolled upon the register 
of the society of California Pioneers ! There men 
eminent as jurists, indeed in all the learned professions, 
men who have won distinction in the arts and sciences, 
whose names are known in literature, who have been 
leaders in peace and in war, these are among our inherit- 
ances as daughters of the men who made history. Let 
us show every honor and respect to thoseof the pioneers, 
who yet remain, and in our devotion and loyalty to our 
Golden State prove ourselves worthy descendants of the 
California pioneers." 

Quite a sprinkling of pioneers were present to grace 
the occasion and were well rewarded, for the program was 
excellent. 

Mrs. Horace Wilson, who was to have given a 
paper entitled " Uncut Leaves," was unable to attend 
owing to illness in the family. After a few remarks of 
regret by the President the program began as follows : 

Mrs. Fred Hanson of Boston gave "A Woman's 
Way." This was a story of a bride trying to keep an ac- 
count book of her expenses, and was enjoyed enthu- 
siastically. " Hulda's Proposal " as encore caused equal 
laughter and applause. 

Miss Ruth Weston and Miss Etta Swabacher, 
pupils of Mrs. Marriner Campbell, gave vocal solos, ac- 
companied by Mrs. Gerard Barton. Both possess 
charming voices and generously responded to encores. 




9} 



Official Program. G. T. W. C. Biennial 

Thursday morning. May ist. Meetings in Temple B'nai B'rith, Hope 
Street. 

9 o'clocic, meeting of Advisory Council. 

10 o'clock, meeting of Board of Directors. 
11:30 o'clock, meeting of Council. 

Topic for discussion: "How Does the True Club Spirit Manifest 
Itself.?" 
Thursday afternoon. May ist. In Simpson Auditorium, z o'clock, 
meeting of the General Federation, Mrs. Rebecca Douglass Lowe 
presiding ; music ; invocation. 
Addresses of welcome. Governor Henry T. Gage, Mayor M. P. 
Snyder, Mrs. Kate F. Bulkley, president California Federation ; 
Mrs. Josiah Evans Cowles, president Biennial Local Board. 
Response, Mrs. Rebecca Douglass Lowe, president G. F. W. C. 
Greetings from fraternal delegates. 
Report of Committee on Rules and Regulations. 
8 o'clock, reception. Women's Clubhouse, 940 South Figueroa 
Street. 
Friday morning. May zd. Simpson Auditorium, 9:30 o'clock, Mrs. 
Lowe presiding. 
Report of president of the Biennial Local Board, Mrs. Josiah Evans 

Cowles. 
Report of officers of the General Federation, chairmen of committees 

and presidents of foreign clubs. 
Adjournment at I I o'clock to view the floral pageant. 
Friday afternoon. Simpson Auditorium, 3 o'clock, Mrs. Denison pre- 
siding. 
Reports of State presidents and chairmen of Federation Committees of 

unfedcrated States. 
Meeting of State delegations. 
Friday evening, 8 o'clock, Mrs. Lowe presiding. 

Association progress. Address oi' George Gunton, Esq., New York. 
Saturday morning. May 3d. Simpson Auditorium. Educational ses- 
sion. Miss Margaret J. Evans presiding. 
Report of Chairman of Educational Committee, Miss Ellen C. 

Sabin, president Milwaukee Downer College. 
"Advantages of Co-Education," Miss Mabel Clare Craft, San 

Francisco. 
"Household Economics a Pertinent Factor of Education," Mrs. 

Linda Hull Larned. 
1 1 o'clock. " Industrial Problems as They Affect Women and Chil- 
dren," Mrs. Lowe presiding. 
"The Social Waste of Child Labor," Miss Jane Adams, Chicago. 
"The Club Movement Among Working Women," Miss Jean 

Hamilton, Oswego, N. Y. 
" The Consumers' League in Utah," Mrs. Elmer B. Jones, Salt 
Lake City. 
Saturday morning, 9:30 o'clock, the Synagogue, Mrs. Denison presid- 
ing. 
Reciprocity conference, 9:30 o'clock. Chairman, Mrs. Philip W. 

Moore, St. Louis. 
1 1 o'clock. Art session, Mrs. A. H. Brockway, chairman ; Mrs. 

George A. Caswell, assistant. 
" Outdoor Improvement for Home and School," Mrs. Herman J. 

Hall, Chicago. 
There will also be papers and addresses at this session on photography, 
bookbinding, leather work, ceramics and glass mosaics. 
Saturday afternoon. May 3d, 2 o'clock. Simpson Auditorium. Sym- 
posium. 
"Our Clubhouse: How We Built It." Chairman, Mrs. James 
D. Whitmore, Woman's Club, Denver ; assistant, Mrs. L. F. 
Darling, Riverside ; Mrs. Lowe presiding. 
The speakers for the Symposium are Mrs Alex. P. Humphry, Louis- 
ville, Ky. ; Mrs. Joseph F. Sartori, Los Angeles ; Mrs. J. Sidney 
Peck, Milwaukee ; Miss Helen Murphy, Philadelphia ; Mrs. 
Sarah D. Easton, Peoria ; Mrs. Albert Sioussat, Baltimore. 
Saturday afternoon. May 3d, 3 o'clock. Press session. Chairman, 
Mrs. Ella W. Peattic ; assistant, Mrs. Florence Collins Porter ; 
Mrs. Lowe presiding. 
"Are Women Necessary to the Newspaper Business?" Isma 

Dooley. 
"The Moral Influence of the Novelist," Emma Payne Erskine. 
" Vogue of the Historical Novel," Margaret Collier Graham. 
"Some Humorous Aspects of Newspaper Life," Mary Holland 

Kinkaid. 
"The Press — Our American Type," Rowena Hewitt Loudon. 
Saturday evening, 8 o'clock. Simpson Auditorium. Mrs. Lowe pre- 
siding. Literature session. 
Chairman, Mrs. May Alden Ward, Boston, Mass.; assistant chair- 
man, Mrs. G. T. Greenleaf, Redlands. 
Music. 

Report of chairman, Mrs. Ward. 

Addresses, Mrs. Jessie Eldridge Southwick, Mr. John Fox, Jr., Mrs. 
Mabel Loomis Todd. 



Monday morning, May 5th. Simpson Auditorium. Mrs. Lowe pre- 
siding. 
Business session of the General Federation. 
Report of the Committee on Reincorporation. 
Monday afternoon. May 5th. Simpson Auditorium. Civic session. 
Miss Evans presiding. Chairman, Miss Anna D. West, Somer- 
ville, Mass. ; assistant chairman, Mrs. I. Lowenberg, San Francisco. 
Report of chairman, Mrs. West. 

"Responsibilities and Opportunities of Women in Municipal Re- 
form," Mrs. Belle M. Perry, Charlotte, Mich. 
"Means and Methods for Protecting Public Health," Mrs. M. E. 
Troutman, New York, president Women's Health Protective Asso- 
ciation. 
" The Value of Community Life to Social Reform," Miss Abbey H. 

Ware, Topeka, Kan. 
"Vacation Schools and Playgrounds," Miss Georgia A. Bacon, 

Worcester, Mass. 
"Proper Reformatories for Women and Children," Mrs. Martha 

Wentworth Hopkins, Columbus, Ohio. 
" Objectionable Advertising : Respect for Law and Good Govern- 
ment," Mrs. Cornelia C. Fairbanks, Indiana, president-general 
D. A. R. 
"Juvenile Court Law," Mrs. Frederick Schoff, Philadelphia, presi- 
dent National Congress of Mothers. 
4 o'clock. Forestry report ; chairman, Mrs. J. P. Mumford, Phila- 
delphia ; assistant, Mrs. J. G. Lemon, Oakland. 
Monday afternoon. May 5th. The Synagogue. Mrs. Denison pre- 
siding ; chairman, Mrs. Annie McLean Moores, Texas ; assistant, 
Mrs. E. G. Deniston, San Francisco. 
"Free Traveling Library Work," Mrs. Charles A. Perkins, Knox- 
ville, Tenn. ; Mrs. C. P. Barnes, Kentucky ; Mrs. S. O. S. 
Neldus, Utah. 
"Free Traveling Art Collections," Mrs. Maria Kimball, La Grange, 

Tenn. ; Mrs. Percy Pennybacker, Austin, Texas. 
"Social Settlement Work in the Mountains," Mrs. Patty Semple, 

Louisville, Ky. 
Discussion led by Mrs. John C. Harrison, Fort Worth. 
3:45 o'clock. Audubon session; Mrs. Denison presiding; chair- 
man, Mrs. John Theron Illick, Iowa ; assistant, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Grinnell. 
Report of chairman, Mrs. Illick. 

"The Educational Value of Bird Life to Human Life," Mrs. Eben 
B. Smith, Chicago. 
Monday evening, May 5th. 8 o'clock. Simpson Auditorium. Mrs. 
Lowe presiding. 
" The Education of Women," David Starr Jordan. 
"Art for Children from the Standpoint of Psychology," Miss L. J. 

Martin, Assistant Professor of Psychology, Stanford University. 
" Fads in Education," Mrs. Lillian D. Duncanson, Chicago. 
Tuesday morning. May 6th. Simpson Auditorium. 9:30 o'clock. 

Business session. Mrs. Lowe presiding. 
Tuesday afternoon. May 6th. 2 o'clock. Simpson Auditorium. 
Civil service reform. Mrs. Denison presiding. 
Chairman, Miss Perkins, Concord, Mass. ; assistant chairman, Mrs. 

J. A. Osgood, Los Angeles. 
"Civil Service Reform; Its Meaning and Objects," Miss Foster, 
Secretary C. S. R. Massachusetts Federation. 



Papyrus Club 

The Papyrus Club, having for its object the stimu- 
lating of a higher degree of wit and humor among its 
members, was organized on March i8th at the home of 
Mrs. W. P. Buckingham, with forty charter members. 
Its officers are: 

President, Mrs. C. Mason Kinne. 

Vice-President, Mrs. W. P. Buckingham. 

Secretary, Mrs. K. R. Bryant. 

Treasurer, Mrs, E. B. Grace. 

Two very interesting meetings have been held at the 
home of Mrs. Buckingham. 

The membership of the club has been limited to 
fifty, and the meetings will be held for a few months at 
the homes of the members, and a social cup of tea will 
be served. Already a good deal of talent for good story- 
telling has developed among the members, and great hopes 
for the future ot the club may safely be indulged in. 
The club has been admitted to the General Federation of 
Women's Clubs, and will be represented at the Biennial 
to be held in Los Angeles, by its President. Other 
members of the club will also attend the Biennial. 



[«o 



"Civil Service Refonn and Law and Order in Our Cities and 
Towns," Mrs. McAneny, ex-com. New Yoric Women's Auxiliary 
to National C. S. R. League. 

" Civil Service Reform and Our Public Institution of Charity and 
Correction," Mrs. W. S. Decker, president State Board of Chari- 
ties and Corrections, Colorado. 

•' Civil Service Reform in Our Public Schools," Mrs. T. P. Stan- 
wood, president Illinois State Federation. 

Art session. Simpson Auditorium. Miss Evans presiding. Chair- 
man, Mrs. A. H. Brockway, Brooklyn, N. Y.; assistant, Mrs. 
George A. Caswell, Los Angeles. 

Report of chairman, Mrs. Brockway. 

"Home Industries, Arts and Crafts of the Indian," Miss Mary 
Austin, Independence, Cal. 

"Why and How We Study Art," Miss Julia Osgood, Middleboro, 
Mass. 
Tuesday afternoon. May 6th. 2:30 o'clock. Mrs. Lowe presiding. 
Chairman, Mrs. A. H. Thompson, Topeka, Kan.; assistant chair- 
man, Mrs. W. W. Stilson, Los Angeles. 

Report of chairman, Mrs. Thompson. 

" The Work of Local Federations in Philanthropy and Reform," 
Mrs. W. W. Pattilo, Atlanta, Ga. 

Discussion, " What Local Federations May Do for the Preservation 
of Local History": (a) "The Restoration of the Missions of 
Southern California"; (b) "The Protection of the CliiF-Dwell- 
ers' Ruins in Colorado," Mrs. W. W. Stilson, Los Angeles. 

Discussion, " What Local Federations May Accomplish in Civic 
Work," Lillian Davis Duncanson. 

General Discussion. 
Tuesday evening, May 6th. 8 o'clock. Simpson Auditorium. Mrs. 
Lowe presiding. 

Musical evening, tendered to the General Federation by the ladies of 
California. 

Chairman, Mrs. Charles N. Flint ; assistant chairman, Mrs. John 
Wigmore. 

Report of chairman, Mrs. Flint. 

Report of the Wagner Festivals at Beyreuth. 

An illustrated lecture by Mrs. Charles W. Rhodes ; Adolph Glose, 
pianist. 
Wednesday, May 7th. Excursion given to the officers, delegates and 
speakers of the General Federation. Special train to Long Beach. 
Wednesday evening. May 7th. 8 o'clock. Simpson Auditorium. 
Mrs. Lowe presiding. Art session. Chairman, Mrs. A. H. 
Brockway ; assistant, Mrs. George A. Caswell. 

Instrumental music. 

"The Highway of the Missions," Charles F. Lummis, Los Angeles. 

Solo, Mme. Genevra Johnstone-Bishop. 

"Landscape Architecture," Nathan F. Barrett, Esq., New Rochelle, 
New York. 
Thursday morning. May 8th. Simpson Auditorium. 9:30 o'clock. 
Business session. Mrs. Lowe presiding. 

Report of Nominating Committee ; election of officers. 
Thursday afternoon. May 8th. 2 o'clock. Simpson Auditorium. 
Miss Evans presiding. Industrial Problem session. 

Chairman, Mrs. Florence Keliey, New York City ; assistant, Mrs. 
Lovell White, San Francisco. 

"Educating the Purchaser; How Shall It Be Done .'' " Mrs. Fred- 
erick Nathan. 

" Women as Employers and Employees in the Home," Mrs. Noble 
Prentice, Topeka, Kan. 

" Child Labor in the South," Mrs. A. O. Granger. 

3:30 o'clock. Memorial service for Mrs. Jennie Cunningham Croly, 
honorary president G. F. W. C. Mrs. Lowe presiding. Chair- 
man, Mrs. Denison ; assistant, Mrs. Kate Tupper Galpin. 

Music. 

Addresses, Mrs. Caroline M. Severance, Los Angeles ; Mrs. Charlotte 
Wilbur, New York City. 
Thursday evening. 8 o'clock. Simpson Auditorium. 

Music. 

Report of Committee on Resolutions. 

The president's Biennial address, "The Past — Its Lessons; The 
Future — Its Possibilities," Mrs. Rebecca D. Lowe. 

Singing, " America." 

To watch the corn grow, or the blossoms set ; to 
draw hard breath over ploughshare or spade ; to read, to 
think, to love, to pray, are the things that make men 
happy. — Ruskin. 

Today's trial is annoying ; but we can endure this, 
if this be all there is of it. Tomorrow's trial, however, 
may be heavier and worse, and from that we natu- 
rally shrink. Yet tomorrow's trial is not yet ours, and 
it may not ever be. 



Forum Club 

The annual meeting of the Forum Club took place 
April 23d, and the following officers were elected for the 
ensuing year : 

President, Mrs. Henry Payot. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. S. E. Knowles. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. Frank Fredericks. 

Third Vice-President, Mrs. George Spaulding. 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. J. C. B. Hebbard. 

Corresponding Secretary, Miss Ivy M. Bauer. 

Treasurer, Miss Louise Elliott. 

Directors, Mrs. Winslow Anderson, Mrs. A. J. 
Raisch, Mrs. Elizabeth Wainwright Morgan, Mrs. B. 
N, Rowley, Mrs. H. R. Mann, Mrs. H. A. Hedger. 

San Francisco, prepare to receive an influx of vis- 
itors to the tune of ten thousand from Los Angeles. 
Delegates and their friends from all parts of the United 
States will surely not leave the Coast without visiting 
our fair city. 

THe CKannin^ Auxiliary 

OFFICERS 

President, Mrs. George Oultan. 
First Vice-President, Miss Ruth Campbell. 
Second Vice-President, Mrs. A. Gerberding. 
Recording Secretary, Mrs. C. E. Grunsky. 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss H. Stadtmuller. 
Business Secretary, Miss Ardella Mills. 
Treasurer, Mrs. M. B. Shaw. 

On May 5th, a business meeting will take place fol- 
lowed by a discourse by Dr. Rolfe of Stanford University, 
on "Personal Reminiscences of Oxford." 

Two song recitals by Mrs. M. E. Blanchard will be 
given in the parlors of the First Unitarian Church, Geary 
and Franklin, on Tuesday evening. May 13th, at 8:15, 
and on Saturday afternoon. May 17th, at 3:15. Admis- 
sion fifty cents on both occasions. 

Shetch Club 

The last of the series of " Talks on Japanese Art " 
will be given at the Sketch Club on May 9th — second 
Friday of the month — at 2:30 p. m. The subjects for 
that day will be " Tea Ceremonial," " Floral Arrange- 
ment," "Singing and Dancing," and as these are to be 
charmingly illustrated, the afternoon program promises 
to be an exceptionally enjoyable one. 

The exhibition of paintings by Frederick Yates at 
the Sketch Club last month was a pronounced success 
from every point of view. Aside from the pleasure 
derived by the innumerable admirers of his work, the 
result must have proved most gratifying to Mr. Yates 
himself, there being but ten of the collection left unsold 
at the close of the exhibition. 

SKETCH CLUB OFFICERS FOR I902 

Honorary President, Mrs. Ralph C. Harrison. 

President, Miss Anne C. Briggs. 

Vice-President, Mrs. William S. Wood. 

Treasurer, Miss Mabel Downing. 

Recording Secretary, Miss Jennie McElroy. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. W. E. Jackson. 

Special Corresponding Secretary, Miss Marion 
Froelich. 

Directors, Mrs. Alice M. Best, Mrs. Bertha S. 
Lee, Miss Anne M. Bremer, Mrs. Newton J. Tharp, 
Miss Mary Vera. 



M] 



T-wo Evenings 



BY SACIA VAN R. MACE 



Madgie was teasing the parrot, but she turned quickly: 
" ^hat for your literary girls!" and she snapped her fin- 
gers viciously. " I doubt if one of them knows any 
more about literature than I do!" Then she began sing- 
ing "Annie Moore" fiercely to the parrot. Pancho has 
been a member of our family too long to ever contract 
such a terrible song, so I said nothing, but stood gazing 
out of the window as though Madge were not within ten 
miles of me. 

Suddenly the singing stopped. " Buds !" she called 
softly — Madge always calls me "Buds" when she is 
trying to — trying to — well, trying to work me. I loath 
the expression, but it does mean so much, and Charley 
always uses it, and it is so hard to express one's self ele- 
gantly, with these insidious little slang expressions 
lurking in one's brain. 

"Buds!" she called again. Then she ran over, 
grabbed me, and dragged me down on the couch beside 
her. I tried to look as stern as possible, but she peered 
into my eyes with such a funny little quizzical expres- 
sion that I laughed in spite of myself. 

"That's my dear old Buds again "; and she gave 
me a hug that nearly broke a — rib. (I was on the point 
of saying slat! I must tell Charley that he will have to 
be more careful in his choice of expressions. It is cer- 
tainly infectious.) 

" Madge," and I tried to look stern again, " vou are 
very wrong to speak of the girls in that manner. They 
are very cultured, and thoroughly posted in the literary 
affairs of the day;" which, I confess, sounded rather 
stilted and feeble. 

"Tommy-rot! " said Madge, and then clapped her 
hand quickly over her mouth. " I beg your pardon. 
Buds dear, I forgot." I nodded a little acknowledgment, 
but felt myself rather a bit of a fraud. Madge knows 
that I cannot tolerate slang — from her — but as she had 
only been here a week and had not yet met Charley, I 
dreaded her discovery of how much I could tolerate — 
from another. Nor was she altogether in the wrong 
about the girls. The evening before I had taken her to 
the "Lotus" at the Beverly's, and they had not been 
nearly so nice to her as they might have been. Of 
course, they knew that she was my cousin from San 
Francisco, and they naturally enough began by being 
very nice to her for my sake. But when Madgie began 
to set forth her opinions in her breezy, pronounced man- 
ner, the atmosphere got electrical. It was bad enough 
for her to say that she liked Kipling — none of the Lotus 
Club ever cared for Kipling — but when she began to say 
something about "Omar Khayyam," that settled it. 
Lola Dummage laughed! After that Madge did not 
speak again, but sat perfectly dumb while the rest of the 
girls discussed Max Nordau and Ibsen. Then Lola 
Dummage read a paper on "The Crudities of Style of 
Dickens and Thackeray," and the club discussed the 
paper. Harry Beverly came into the room during the 
discussion, and, of course, the girls all insisted upon his 
remaining. They simply spoil that boy. He is cer- 
tainly very handsome and all that, but I do not admire 
dark men. 

Harry said that he could not stay, and was on the 
point of leaving the room when his sister introduced him 
to Madge. Then he promptly sat down by Madgie and 
talked to her in an undertone, which naturally so dis- 
tracted the attention of the other girls that they could 
not discuss Lola's paper at all. Then he took her into 
the conservatory to show her the night-blooming cereus, 
which we had all seen, and we found them still there. 



seated on a very narrow bench, when we were ready to 
go home. I did not say anything that night, but the 
next morning I tried to give her a bit of advice with the 
result just described. 

" Now, Madgie," I said, in what I tried to make a 
motherly manner, " we go to the Leighton's to the ' Or- 
pheus ' tonight, and do be a little careful. The girls know 
so much about music and musical subjects that you must 
be very guarded in what you say. Your poor little San 
Francisco ideas might seem a trifle — a trifle back-woodsy 
here in Chicago, you know." I knew that this was 
severe, but I felt that heroic measures only would have 
the desired eflect. 

Madge's look rather puzzled me, but I thought I 
understood it when she said, demurely, " I shall remem- 
ber what you say, ' Buds,' dear. Oh, yes, I forgot to 
tell you that Mr. Beverly will call for us later in the 
evening to drive home with us." I was on the point of 
warning her not to lose her heart to Harry Beverly as 
every girl in Chicago was after him, but I felt that I had 
said enough — for one day at least. That evening we 
went to Leighton's. 

It was simply a crush. I overheard Lola Dum- 
mage say — rather spitefully, I thought — that every one 
had turned out to get a look at the " California Freak." 
But Lola's evident partiality for Harry Beverly might 
easily account for that. 

The evening began beautifully with Madgie sitting 
quietly in an obscure corner listening to little Miss Par- 
son's one topic of conversation — orchids. Several num- 
bers were played on the piano, and a song or so was 
given. Then Lola Dummage read her paper on "Liszt." 
At the end she looked about the room inquiringly. 
" Isn't Miss Davis here?" she asked. 

Miss Davis was the pianist of the club, and when- 
ever any very difficult demonstrations were to be given 
she gave them. Miss Leighton informed Lola that Miss 
Davis had sent word that she was indisposed and could 
not attend. At this point Harry Beverly came in, and, 
being the only man in the room, everything was con- 
fusion for a few moments. When order was restored, 
Lola arose and said that as Miss Davis was not present 
j/z^ would give on the piano the portions of Liszt's com- 
positions to which she had referred in her paper. We 
all knew that she was doing it to make an impression 
upon Harry, and we were all secretly rather pleased 
when she made simply a frightful mess of it. She seemed 
to realize it at last, for she turned from the piano rather 
flushed, and said, laughingly: "I have so little time to 
practice that 1 am forgetting everything I know !" 

Then Madge laughed! 

I could have shaken her. Lola turned toward her 
suddenly, and I trembled for Madge, for 1 knew Lola. 

" Possibly jo« will play the Rhapsody for us, Miss 
Russell. I understand they have quite a musical atmos- 
phere — in San Francisco!" 

Madge lowered her eyes in a hesitating, embarrassed 
sort of way, and I noticed that Harry looked at her pity- 
ingly. " 1 haven't touched a piano since I left home," 
she said so faintly as to be scarcely audible. 

" Do try !" insisted Lola sweetly, and my heart 
went out to poor Madgie. Harrv looked as though 
about to speak ; then his lips came together in a tense, 
straight line, and he gave Lola a look that sent the blood 
to her face. The rest of the girls all sat as though 
turned to stone, and I tried to think of something to 
say ; but the only thing I could think of was, " Annie 
Mo-o-ore, swee-Tannie Mo-o-ore." 

After a moment Madge raised her eyes and looked 
about the room. Her eyes rested on Harry a moment; 
then she arose hesitatingly, and he hurried to her side. 
" Permit me," he said, and he led her to the piano, and 



[•^ 



stood, leaning as men do, with his hands half in his 
pockets. Lola had taken a position on the other side 
so that she could see the faces of both. Madge looked 
first at Harry, then at Lola, and, flashing a look at me, 
she struck the keys. 

Then I understood it all. The "Buds" of the 
morning ; her unnatural sweetness in taking my lecture ; 
her preparatory hesitancy in accepting Lola's challenge. 

At the first, firm chords something palpable seemed 
lifted from the atmosphere. After that I really do not 
remember how any of us looked or acted. I would give 
a great deal for a flash-light photo of that group, however. 
I sha'n't attempt to describe Madge's playing. It beg- 
gars description. She told me afterward that every cir- 
cumstance conspired to make her play better than 
Paderewski ever thought of playing. And I believe her, 
for I'm sure that I never heard anything like it. 

At last it was finished, and a silence that seemed 
endless followed. As a rule I am anything but impul- 
sive, but, before I realized it, I found myself hugging 
Madgie hysterically, and sobbing: "You dear, darling 
love, you ! Why didn't you tell me you could play like 
that!" 

Lola Dummage arose, very white. "You have sur- 
prised us all, Miss Russell." 

" Thank you," said Madge with ineffable sweetness. 
" My teacher deserves much more credit for my playing 
of that particular Rhapsody than I. He was a favorite 
pupil of Liszt. We are very fond of good music — in 
San Francisco!" 

Of course this all happened weeks ago, and every 
one has received an announcement of the marriage of 
Harry and Madge, so it is hardly necessary for me to 
mention it. 

Spinners Club 

MAY PROGRAM 

Art and music days, the second and fourth Tues- 



days, 
days. 



Informal receptions, the second and fourth Satur- 



PRESENT OFFICERS 



President, Miss Mary Bell, Berkeley. 
Vice-President, Mrs. Fowler. 
Secretary, Miss Eleanor Davenport. 
Treasurer, Mrs. Jesse Lilienthal. 

Laurel Hall Club 

At the open meeting, April i6th, a desk used by 
Mrs. L. Manson Buckmaster, foundress of the club, and 
given by Mrs. Brewer of San Mateo, was formally pre- 
sented by Mrs. Collins, the President, who gave a fine 
speech. 

To^vn and Go-wn, BerKeley 

President, Mrs. Geo. E. Swan. 
Vice-President, Mrs. E. K. Tompkins. 
Treasurer, Madame Paget. 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. Joseph Le Conte, Jr. 
Corresponding Secretary, Miss Lillie Wall. 



California State Floral Society 

On the loth of last month, in response to the invi- 
tation of the committee in charge of the Blossom Festival 
of Santa Clara County, the Floral Society held its annual 
outing at Campbell, the center of the great prune indus- 
try of California. The day was exceptionally fine and 
the society well represented. The party left San Fran- 
cisco at 9 o'clock, and at Palo Alto were joined by Pro- 
fessor Smith, president of the society. At San Jose 
several large carryalls, provided by the committee, were 
at the disposal of the society, and this proved the most 
delightful part of the excursion. After driving around 
the town, the ten-mile drive to Campbell was begun. 
Immediately outside of San Jose small orchards were 
passed, white with blossoms, but presently the driveway 
became a delightful avenue of blossom-burdened trees, 
with thickly clustered branches reaching overhead most 
temptingly. On either side stretched acres of similar 
trees, row after row, miles in length, beautifiil against the 
purple haze of the distant mountains. 

Arriving at Campbell, the party lunched at the 
headquarters of the Fruit Growers' Union, and after a 
drive to a neighboring orchard, where all were grouped 
and photographed under the blossoms, returned to the 
train laden with blossoms and armfuls of the great golden 
flower — the symbol of the society. 

At the meeting of the California State Floral Society 
for the annual election, the following officers were elected 
for the ensuing year : 

President, Professor Emory E. Smith. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. L. O. Hodgkins. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. Austin Sperry. 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. Henry P. Tricou. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Wiester. 

Treasurer, Mrs. M. Grothwell. 

Accountant, Mrs. A. R. Gunnison. 

Directors, Mrs. J. R. Martin, Mrs. W. S. Chandler, 
Mrs. John Knell, John Hinkle. 

Mrs. Grace Hibbard was re-elected Society Poetess; 
Miss Alice Eastwood, Society Botanist, and Mr. Alex. 
Craw, Entomologist. 

In regard to the coming floral show, it was reported 
that the Horticultural Society had withdrawn ; also that 
the date for the show had been changed to the lid, 23d 
and 24th of May, in the grand nave of the Ferry Build- 
ing. 

TKey are "Waiting for Me 

Good-by, I will hasten homeward — 

I've friends come a visit to pay — 
Three beautiful tulip sisters — 

Fair Persians — I'll hasten away. 

And there is a branch of blossoms 

Like rose-light falling on snow ; 
They came to me as from Eden — 

I really and truly must go. 

Besides, there's a band of bright poppies 

As brilliant as brilliant can be ; 
I love my flower-friends dearly — 

Good-by, they are waiting for me. 

Grace Hibbard. 




13] 



TELEPHONE MAIN 583 



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Clubwomen.... 

will be interested in knowing that when they are using 

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A. Perfumery Project 

J. Jacobs, a business man of Tacoma, Wash., who 
has just returned from a trip to Europe, paid a visit to 
the State Board of Trade recently to discuss the oppor- 
tunities for establishing perfumery manufacture on a large 
scale in California. From practical investigations which 
he has made abroad and consultation with French manu- 
facturers, Mr. Jacobs feels that in this State there is a 
wide field for development of the perfumery industry. — 
Examiner. 



Miss Beatrice Maltman has just returned from the 
East, where she studied under noted teachers. Miss 
Maltman, who has a highly cultivated soprano voice, 
sang for the benefit of the Eye and Ear Hospital lately 
at the tea given in the Sorosis Club rooms. She gave 
" Mattinata," byTosti, exquisitely, and for encore, " Four- 
Leaf Clover." 



Mills Club 

The Mills Club is just entering the fourteenth year 
of its existence, and a retrospective view of the records 
of club work justifies the assertion that the past thirteen 
years have been ones of success and profit. 

The club was organized by former pupils of Mills 
College for literary culture, social intercourse and the 
closer companionship of friends of school days. 

Progress has always been the watchword of the club, 
and the interest of its members has never abated. 

The work has been, each successive year, composed 
of literary and musical programs of a miscellaneous 
character, with an occasional social day. 

Club membership has increased until now over a 
hundred names are enrolled, and in 1900 the club 
became one of the charter members of the California 
Federation of Women's Clubs. 

Its meetings are held on the second Tuesday in 
each month, September to May, inclusive, at Century 
Hall, 121 5 Sutter Street. 

President, Mrs. Wendell Easton. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. W. H. Byington. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. C. E. Wetmore. 

Third Vice-President, Mrs. L. Denervaud. 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. J. Homer Fritch. 

Corresponding Secretary, Miss Persis Coleman. 

Treasurer, Mrs. John D. Wallace. 

Directors, Mrs. J. F. McGauley, Mrs. E. A. God- 
frey, Mrs. W. Wolff", Miss Nellie Denman, Mrs. S. Eva. 

The "little corporal" ordered a leather screen 
from our mascot. Miss Tobey, Artisan — five feet nothing 
will do for both ! No cobwebs allowed to collect while 
she is around. 

The screen has been sent in — a stunning affair in 
dull green; come into the guild room and see it. 



[«4 



The Mouth and Its Relation to the Welfare of the General System, with Special 

Note to the Care of the Teeth 



In the mouth are the tongue, teeth and the alveolar 
ridges invested by the gums. Into it are poured the 
secretion of the several glands, and in it the food is sub- 
jected to process of mastication. 

The mouth has many interesting anatomical rela- 
tions with the rest of the body, a few of which it may 
be well to mention. By means of its lining mucous 
membrane it is connected through continuity of struc- 
ture with the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and the 
whole of the intestinal canal, etc. Disease still further 
establishes this structural relation, or any other patho- 
logical change in the stomach or intestines is felt and 
reported on the tongue, gums and other parts of the 
mouth, showing the sympathy and the close relationship 
of the several parts. 

The mouth is also connected by the same mucous 
membrane with the organs of respiration by being con- 
tinued down into the larynx, trachea and bronchi. 

It is then very necessary that the mouth, being so 
closely connected with other parts of the body, should 
be thoroughly cleansed by the use of an antiseptic 
mouth wash to delay or prevent any infection that may 
be there present. 

The secretions of saliva, flowing from its several 
sources, are, by process of mastication, increased accord- 
ing to the dryness of the food, and this salivary secre- 
tion is found to contain substances, namely, phosphate 
of lime and animal matter, which form in the shape of a 
precipitate upon the adjacent teeth as salivary calcilus, 
or more commonly called tartar. 

Unfortunately, too many people think that when 
they have vigorously scrubbed their teeth with a stiff 
bristle brush and some prepared tooth-powder once or 
twice a day, their whole duty, so far as preserving the 
teeth goes, has been conscientiously accomplished. 

It is a scientific fact that the human mouth, having 
the proper temperature and secretions, is a natural incu- 
bator for the perfect culture of all forms of bacteria. 
Being so intimately connected with the digestive system 
by means of the alimentary canal, the mucous mem- 
brane of the mouth has in it all forms of disease germs. 
When the mouth is not properly cleansed the food we 
eat clings in minute particles to the crevices between the 
teeth and in an incredibly short time decomposes, and 
bacteria are developed, for, as I have before stated, all 
the necessary conditions for their development are to be 
found in the human mouth. The various forms of bac- 
teria affect the teeth and gums differently. 

The cause of decay is nothing more than the action 
of that kind of germs that destroys the lime salts in the 
teeth. 



Many cleanly and painstaking people who lay the 
cause of an offensive breath to disorders of the stomach 
and consult physicians about it would be surprised to 
learn that the disagreeable odor comes from nothing but 
the bacterial growth in the mouth. I prove that fact to 
my patients almost every day, for I have raised in my 
office cultures from their own mouths that have pre- 
cisely the same offensive odor that belongs to the bacteria 
that I scrape from between their teeth. 

But how are we to dislodge these growths which 
the tooth-brush will not reach ? The answer to that 
question is what I mean by the care of the teeth. I do 
not recommend the use of tooth-powder nor too frequent 
use of the tooth-brush. Many of the prepared pow- 
ders in the market today are more iujurious than bene- 
ficial, in that they destroy in part the enamel of the teeth, 
so necessary for their protection. A liberal use of 
pyrozone, 3 per cent solution, applied carefully to the 
teeth by means of some absorbent cotton and a pair of 
plyers goes far toward keeping the mouth thoroughly 
cleansed, and I consider an antiseptic mouth-wash an 
absolute necessity. There are many such to be had, but 
in my practice I have found nothing more satisfactory 
than the following prescription: 



Hydronaphthol 
Oil of wintergreen 
Oil of peppermint 
Tincture of myrrli 
Alcohol g's - 



I oz. 

3 «lr- 

5 dr. 

3 dr. 



A teaspoonful of this in a quart of water makes a 
delightful and thoroughly antiseptic mouth-wash, with 
which the mouth should be rinsed at least twice a day. 
A little warm water may be added for those who have 
sensitive mouths. I would recommend the use of a gold 
toothpick with a very thin blade. It can be slipped 
into the small spaces between the teeth, and removes all 
particles of food and oftentimes the little colonies of 
bacteria which are developing there. 

The deposit commonly called tartar, with which we 
are all familiar, only the dentist can remove. For the 
proper preservation of the teeth and gums it should be 
removed every three or four months. To omit any of 
these precautions is to neglect to give the teeth their 
proper care, and surely, with so much depending upon 
the healthy condition of the mouth, with thorough mas- 
tication of the food, there is not one of us who can 
afford to treat lightly a subject of such importance as 
the preservation of the teeth. 

Charles Edwin Hart, D. D. S., 

Lecturer on Stomatology, 
Hahnemann Medical College of the Pacific Coast. 




«5] 



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" Mr. Stephen Phillips, the Man and His Work," is 
the title of a little pamphlet issued by Mr. John Lane. 
From it we learn that Mr. Phillips, "whose position in 
the front rank of poet dramatists is undeniable," is the 
son of the Rev. Stephen Phillips, Canon of Peterbor- 
ough Cathedral. He was born at Summertown, near 
Oxford, in 1866, and educated at Stratford-on-Avon 
Grammar School — where he had every opportunity of 
imbibing the same atmosphere as the master of the poetic 
drama — and later at Peterborough Grammar School, 
England. 

"Memories: Grave and Gay," is the title of Dr. 
John Kerr's volume, published by William Blackwood 
& Sons. Dr. Kerr began his studies as an inspector of 
schools some forty years ago, and his work during that 
long period has taken him practically over the whole of 
Scotland many times. His book is rich in anecdote and 
personal sketches, but at the same time he does not over- 
look entirely some technical topics of importance to edu- 
cationalists. 

Mr. George Allen has a new edidon of Ruskin's 
works in hand, of which Mr. E. T. Cook will be the 
general editor. The edition will consist of thirty ovl- 
umes, arranged in chronological order, and will be pub- 
lished in monthly volumes. New matter, we understand, 
has been found for every work, for this will be added 
without interfering with the present texts. The first 
volume is not expected before the end of the year. 

Mrs. Craigie ("John Oliver Hobbes") read an 
interesting paper before the Old Players' Club on "The 
Art of Composing Dialogue." At the outset she 
quoted the description of a young dramatist of nine as 
containing a large degree of wisdom. " A tragedy," 
said the boy, " is when you wear fancy dress and are 
murdered — (laughter) — a play is when you look like 
other people, die of illness, or commit suicide — (laugh- 
ter) — a comedy is when you go through a great deal, 
but still live." (Loud laughter.) " Character," con- 
tinued Mrs. Craigie, " is the very life and soul of dia- 
logue, and the medium of conversation through which 
it was revealed was undoubtedly one of the great diffi- 
culties of the stage. Everything turned upon the choice 
of character, and character, as character, was not essential 
to the British public. (Laughter.) Dialogue should be 
conversation, but not a verbatim report." 

Mrs. Gertrude Atherton's new novel, " The Con- 
queror," has just been issued. It is based on the study 
of Alexander Hamilton. Written in brilliant style and 
one of her best, the edition is sure to run out in a very 
short time. Mrs. Atherton's visit to the Coast at the 
present moment Is hailed with pleasure by all. 

A Great Painter's Creed 

" I have plenty of ambition and ardently desire to 
be useful to my generation; but I would prefer working 
silently and unnoticed, save by that amount of encour- 
agement that would cheer my efforts when well directed, 
and for the sake of that direction alone. 

" To produce great things, one ought to be intent 
only upon doing one's utmost, and never stop to con- 
sider whether the thing be great or little in the abstract. 
The really great Is so far beyond one's reach that com- 
parison becomes an unworthy consideration." — G. F. 
IVatts, R. A. 

San Francisco Blue BooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1902-1903, con- 
tains names, addresses and officers of the leading Wom- 
en's Clubs. Address all changes, etc., to Chas. C. 
Hoag, publisher, 225 Post Street. 



[.6 



An Exhibit of Beautiful Printing 



can be seen at any time at our offices. 
Framed pieces of rare colour work and 
books that in their get-up show the 
master hand. The offices themselves 
enhance the beauty of the specimens, 
being fitted up in old English style and 
very interesting. Club and society work 
artistically gotten up. 



The Press of The Stanley- Taylor Company 

656 Mission Street, San Francisco 

<<Club Life" done ^7 "' 






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Contents 

Native Dau^Kters of tKe Golden "West - - 1 

Cal. Historic LandmarKs League - - - 1 

THe Los Angeles Biennial 3 

Keramic Club 3 

Contemporary Club 4' 

California Club 4 

Women's Council 4 

Clionian Club .-- ^ 

San Francisco Dro-wning Society - - • 3 

California State Federation 3 

Committee of C. F. W. C. 3 

Notice — Bad^e Pin 3 

The N. D. G. W. Home 7 

AldenClub 7 

ScratcK Club 13 

**City Noises vs. Health, Comfort and Lon- 
gevity"— W. F. McNutt, M. D. - 13 

You Will Never Be Sorry 15 

"T-wo Little Boots," Poem — Paul Laurence 

Dunbar 16 

San Francisco Blue BooK lt> 



Entry as Second-class Matter Applied for 



Cl\ib Life 




Vol. 1. 



JUNE, 1902 



No. 2. 



Native Daughters of the Golden West California Historic LandmarKs League 



The next Grand Parlor sessions of the Native 
Daughters of the Golden West will be held in this city, 
commencing June lo, 1902, and ending June 13, 1902. 
The unusual executive ability, coupled with the charming 
personality of the presiding genius of the sixteenth session, 
Mrs. Genevieve W. Baker, but enhances the anticipations 
of the delegates and visitors, and will help to make the 
coming Grand Parlor one of the most interesting in the 
history of the order. 

The official program for the week, as arranged by 
the Committee on Entertainment, is as follows: 

Tuesday — Morning and afternoon sessions. 

Tuesday Evening — Reception to grand officers and 
delegates, including addresses by his Honor, Mayor 
E. E. Schmitz; Grand President of the Native Sons of 
the Golden West, Lewis F. Byington, Esq., and Grand 
President of the Native Daughters of the Golden West, 
Mrs. Genevieve W. Baker, and vocal and orchestral 
selections. 

Wednesday — Morning and afternoon sessions. 

Wednesday Evening — Theater party to grand of- 
ficers and delegates at Alcazar Theater. 

Thursday — Morning and afternoon sessions. 

Thursday Evening — Grand ball. 

Friday — Morning and afternoon sessions. 

Friday Evening — Exemplification of the ritualistic 
work, installation of grand officers, and banquet. 

Saturday Morning — Trip to Mt. Tamalpais. 

GRAND OFFICERS 

Past Grand President, Mrs. Emma Gett. 

Grand President, Mrs. Genevieve W. Baker. 

Grand Vice-President, Miss Eliza D. Keith. 

Grand Secretary, Miss Laura J. Frakes. 

Grand Marshal, Miss Harriet Lee. 

Grand Treasurer, Miss Amanda Hammerly. 

Grand Inside Sentinel, Miss Anna Henderson. 

Grand Outside Sentinel, Mrs. Eva Bussenius. 

Grand Trustees and Board of Directors, Miss Stella 
Finkeidey, Chairman, Mrs. Ella Caminetti, Miss Rose 
Gnekow, Mrs. Emma Thierbach, Miss Maud Wood, 
Mrs. Delia Shine, Mrs. Ariana W. Stirling. 

Chairman Entertainment Committee, Mrs. J. A. 
Steinbach. 




At last the sentiments of love and reverence for the 
landmarks of our State have awakened in the hearts of 
the people, and a wholesome desire to know their 
romantic and wonderful history is a natural result. 

That the sentiment was ripe for a public expression 
of thought and a cooperation of action was evident 
from the warm welcome accorded literature, lectures or 
discussions upon our landmarks or upon the tales of 
their past. This realization is the base upon which the 
" California Historic Landmarks League " is about to 
be built, and the solidity of its foundation was demon- 
strated at the first meeting of the League on Wednesday 
evening. May 21st, at Native Sons' Hall. 

In response to invitations issued by Mrs. Laura 
Bride Powers, the following organizations sent repre- 
sentatives and officers: Society of California Pioneers, 
N. S. G. W., Daughters of California Pioneers, Pioneer 
Women, N. D. G. W., Knights of Columbus, Young 
Men's Institute, San Francisco Teachers' Club, Cali- 
fornia Club, and Women's Press Association. That 
invitations to join in the movement were not issued to 
all prominent civic, educational and patriotic societies 
and clubs was simply due to the fact that the League 
was compelled to effect temporary organization in order 
to transact preliminary business as to meeting-place, time 
of meeting, etc. Such invitations will be issued for the 
next official meeting, on June 4th, when it is hoped that 
an enthusiastic response and cooperation will speed the 
Historic League onward to a glorious success. It is 
doubtful if ever, in the history of organizations in this 
city, a society was born under such auspicious circum- 
stances as was the " League." Its first call was heard 
and responded to by over one hundred men and women 
of the intellectual class, and at its next meeting a general 
outpouring of our prominent clubs and societies is looked 
for; and a repetition of the enthusiastic speeches will be 
enjoyed, as were those of its maiden meeting. 

Mr. Joseph R. Knowland, Assemblyman from Ala- 
meda County, was elected temporary chairman, and Mrs. 
Laura Bride Powers temporary secretary. It was the 
sense of the meeting that the chairman appoint a com- 
mittee of fifteen upon organization — to report upon 
June 4th, when the Historic League will proceed to 
permanent organization. 

Meanwhile, let every Californian, either by birth 
or adoption, appoint himself a committee of one to inter- 
est friends in this great work of rescuing and restoring 
the famous landmarks of California — notably our ro- 
mantic and picturesque Old Missions, those monuments 
of the Pilgrim Fathers of the West, and the Meccas of 
all tourists to our picturesque State. 

Laura Bride Powers. 







k 



1*6 

ife 



Clubwomen «*» ^ ^ ^ 

Will want to show the Bay Region to the 
Native Daughters after their sessions have 
.ended. A visit to Oakland, Berkeley, Pied- 
mont Heights and Haywards in the All- 
Day Excursions In Alameda County, or an 
excursion to the top of Tamalpais, or over 
Wishbone Route to Los Gatos, San Jose, 
the Lick Observatory, Santa Clara and Palo 
Alto, seeing the new Memorial Church at 
the Stanford University, or spending a day 
at Del Monte, Historic Monterey, or on the 
Beach at Santa Cruz, will make the occa- 
sion memorable 

The Southern Pacific 

will furnish illustrated literature for the 
asking 



E. O. McCORMICK 

Passenger Traffic Manager 



T. H. GOODMAN 

General Passenger Agent 



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[* 



I 




THe L.OS Angeles Biennial 

With all the exploiting of papers, criticism of 
methods and debating of plans of the Biennial meetings, 
little has been said of the social side, the part taken by 
the women of the South in preparing for the great gath- 
ering of the clans. 

While all clubs kept open house during the ses- 
sions, special excursions were arranged by committees 
in characteristic California manner. Meeting places, 
"rest rooms," were in evidence everywhere, comfortably 
furnished with Indian rugs, easy chairs, couches, tables 
with writing materials at hand, pages in attendance, 
literature galore to spread the glories of land and sea, 
the cheering cup of tea, — in fact nothing seemed to have 
been neglected to make the stranger at rest and at home. 

On May 2d, the Biennial took a recess to view the 
Floral Pageant, which has come to be as much of a feat- 
ure in Southern California as Mardi Gras to New Or- 
leans. The city was draped in the Spanish colors, and 
the wealth of flowers was a continual wonder to the 
Eastern delegates, unused to such lavish display. Even 
to the North, the possibilities of mustard as a decorat- 
ing agent were a revelation. The long white tent run- 
ning the length of the Simpson Auditorium, trimmed 
entirely with mustard, presented a beautiful green and 
yellow hall, cool, dainty, airy and fragrant. 

Evening found the carnival spirit abroad in the 
streets, the air filled with confetti over the surging 
crowds, and the welkin ringing with the blare of horns 
and megaphones. 

Excursions to Mt. Lowe and Catalina Island were 
open to all clubwomen at special rates, and were taken 
advantage of by most of the visitors. 

The Long Beach Board of Trade on May 7th 
tendered an excursion to the beach to the visiting offi- 
cers and delegates, providing special trains and an en- 
joyable lunch. 

Early in the morning the 1,500 delegates met at 
the train, and passed one by one through a single door 
to their seats, with a solitary man high above the sea of 
nodding plumes and laces, shouting through a mega- 
phone with the insistence of a fog horn, "Ladies, don't 
crowd, don't push, don't hurry, don't worry; we are not 
going to start until all are aboard; so don't push, don't 
hurry, don't worry." 

At the beach a band was in attendance and acted 
as escort to the Plaza where flower-bedecked tables 
awaited. A box lunch was skilfully distributed by 
ladies in charge, followed by hot coffee and smoking 
tamales, supplemented by oranges unlimited. Think of 
it ! Fifteen hundred boxes, daintily packed, each article 
separately wrapped in paraffine paper, napkin of crape 
tissue over all, and orange blossoms on top, distributed 
in fifteen minutes without confusion. Great credit is 
due the committee in charge for their superb management. 

After luncheon the delegates scattered, going to 
the beach, driving through the town and visiting the 
breakwater in process of construction at San Pedro. 

On May 9th, after the close of the Biennial, the 
city of Pasadena kept open house for all delegates. 
Vehicles of all descriptions, tally-hos and private car- 
riages were placed at the disposal of the city's guests 
and they were driven over the entire town to all points 
of interest, the club-houses, the orange groves and pub- 



lic buildings. At one o'clock lunch was served in one 
of the churches by a committee of ladies who had lent 
their household linen, glass and silver to adorn the 
tables. The repast was so daintily made and served 
that it seemed almost a private luncheon to a few dear 
guests. 

Right here it may be said that San Francisco must 
wake and bestir herself if she does not wish to be left 
behind in the race. There are no club-houses in this 
city that can compare in beauty with those of Pasadena 
and Los Angeles, with their artistic architecture, their 
beamed ceilings and latticed windows, their solid weath- 
ered oak furnishings and shining floors, their handsome 
rugs and well-filled bookcases, their great fire-places and 
general air of rest and comfort. 

Thursday evening. May 8th, closed the meetings 
of the sixth Biennial. A slight feeling of sadness seemed 
to hang over the great audience, as must always be 
when farewells are to be spoken. The little southern 
lady who had so successfully held the gavel in her small 
hands and kept the big convention in check, stood be- 
fore them for her farewell address, after which she pre- 
sented her successor, Mrs. Denison, who in turn intro- 
duced her board with the words, "These are my 
jewels." Congratulatory speeches were made, and when 
Mr. Burdette, in a humorous good-bye, ended by say- 
ing, "Ladybirds, ladybirds, fly away home, your hus- 
bands are hungry and want you at home," the au- 
dience rose to their feet as "America" pealed out from the 
organ, and as if at a signal the air was suddenly full of a 
pelting rain of rose petals, filtering down through the 
electric lights, filling the hall with fragrance and drop- 
ping upon the heads of those below, as the young lady 
ushers walked round and round the galleries showering 
blossoms from great baskets. With a smart stroke of 
the gavel the sixth Biennial went out in a blaze of 
glory. 

neramic Club 

A few years ago china painting was merely a fad 
among ladies. About twenty-one years ago three women 
pioneers in this work began to develop the art. Although 
they had much to contend with — having only one small, 
primitive kiln, which spoiled much of their work in the 
firing — they were indefatigable workers. Later their 
numbers increased to such an extent that a regular club 
was formed, which in 1891 became the California Ker- 
amic Club, organized in order to establish a standard of 
good-fellowship and to foster the art, not only among the 
actual workers, but connoisseurs and collectors. To 
this end the club holds an annual reception and sale in 
the Maple Room of the Palace. The officers are : 

President, Mrs. S. V. Culp. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. Wm. Haynes. 

Second Vice-President, Miss Anna Oesterman. 

Secretary, Miss Lou Allis. 

Treasurer, Miss Minnie C. Taylor. 

The Keramic League held an exhibition of their 
work in New York May 7th, and the exhibit is being 
sent to all the principal cities in the United States where 
Keramic Clubs are established. The exhibit comprises 
all their finest work, and will probably reach San Fran- 
cisco in the fall. 



3] 



Contemporary Club 

Founded in 1892, the Contemporary Club takes its 
place among the older organizations of the city. It is a 
member of the General and State Federations and also of 
the Women's Council. 

The aims of the club are social and literary rather 
than along the lines of practical work, it being, in its 
President's words, "a hard-working study club." The 
membership is limited to forty, and it numbers many 
brilliant and well-read women on its rolls. Meetings are 
held on the second and fourth Mondays. It is one of 
the two clubs having rooms down town, and has occupied 
its present home in Central Block for a number of years. 

On May 26th the Contemporary gave a breakfast at 
the California Hotel in commemoration of its loth anni- 
versary. The rooms were tastefully decorated and a large 
number of members and guests enjoyed the pleasing pro- 
gram offered. 

At the final meeting in May officers were elected for 
the ensuing year, as follows : 

President, Mrs. Florence Kendall. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. E. Moise. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. A. H. Phillips. 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. Clara Mitchell. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Bertha Brosius. 

Treasurer, Mrs. F. M. Malloye. 

Directors, Mrs. A. E. Brown, Mrs. Ruby M. Bry- 
ant, Mrs. R. H. Pratt, Mrs. J. M. Reynolds, Mrs. 
Nathan Scheeline. 

California Club 

The California Club adjourned on May 27th for the 
summer months, and will resume its work in September. 

Its regular meeting of May 20th was devoted to in- 
formal reports of the Biennial, and a talk by Mrs. Her- 
man J. Hall of Chicago, President of the Women's 
Auxiliary of the American Park and Outdoor Art Asso- 
ciation. Mrs. Hall presented a brief exposition of the 
work done in Chicago and Milwaukee, speaking of prac- 
tical gardens in the tenement districts and the resultant 
municipal cleanliness. 

Auxiliary branches have been formed in Los Angeles 
and Pasadena, and Mrs. Hall is in the city for the pur- 
pose of organizing a branch in San Francisco. 

Several of the Eastern women present as guests 
addressed the club, telling of their own organizations. 

On May 27th Mrs. Florence Kelly, of the National 
Consumer's League, spoke before the club on her work. 
Mrs. Kelly is also in San Francisco for the purpose of 
organizing a branch of her association. 

The annual reports of all departments and sections 
were presented, making the session a most interesting one. 

Miss Anne F. Briggs addressed the Art section on 
May 23d, giving a clever talk on her special subject. 

\S^omen*s Council 

At the^ meeting of the Local Women's Council, 
May 1 6th, in Century Hall, Mrs. L. H. Earned, Presi- 
dent of the National Society of Household Economics, 
addressed the council on " Domestic Science," speaking 
in detail of the methods employed in teaching the subject 
in Eastern schools. 

She was followed by Miss Jane Hamilton, of Syra- 
cuse, N. Y., an organizer of Working Girls' Clubs, who 
spoke briefly of her work. 

Pursuant to instructions from the National body, 
the local councils, through " Peace Committees," pro- 
cured the preaching of a sermon on "Peace" by the 
clergy of the country, on the Sunday following the anni- 
versary of the Hague Conference. 



Clionian Club 

Was organized five years ago as a literary club. It 
was then called the London Club, but as it grew and the 
history of different countries was taken up the name 
"Clionian " was adopted as a more appropriate one. 
The present membership of thirty ladies has the prospect 
of a large increase, many applications having been made 
to join this enjoyable club, and thev are to be accepted. 

The members must pledge to be earnest students 
by taking great interest in the subjects brought before 
them. Any member absent from the meetings three 
times without the excuse of sickness is dropped from the 
rolls. 

The club meets every second and fourth Tuesday 
of each month at the houses of the different members. 
Once a year the club invites friends to join its circle, 
and a goodly program is given followed by a social tea. 

OFFICERS FOR 1 9O2 

President, Mrs. W. T. Gorham. 
First Vice-President, Mrs. J. H. Robertson. 
Second Vice-President, Mrs. J. M. Macdermot. 
Recording Secretary, Mrs. F. H. Reed. 
Corresponding Secretary and Sec. Literature, Mrs. 
Robert Ash. 

Treasurer, Mrs. W. O. Bacon. 
Honorary President, Mrs. J. G. Cadman. 

ON HOLLAND 

Since last September the Clionian Club has devoted 
its study to Holland, and at the yearly social given at the 
home of Mrs. W. P. Robinson, May 13th, the Hon. 
Von Loben Sals, ex-Consul of the Netherlands, gave an 
exceedingly interesting talk on "Holland." He told of 
the wonderful dykes built, and how secure the people 
now feel against their " enemy " — water. In speaking of 
the difference in the business life among the men of that 
country and this, he said that the men there do not go 
to their business until 9 o'clock ; they return home 
at 12, go back at i, and close their business for 
the day at 3 o'clock. At that hour they return to 
their homes and pay visits with their wives ; that the 
men know their wives' friends. Engagements are made 
very differently than in this country. It is a great 
breach of etiquette for the man to first speak to the 
young lady he admires. He must consult her parents 
and they make inquiries. If he proves worthy of their 
daughter he then has their permission to speak to 
the girl. It is pretty generally understood that the 
young man feels certain his love will be reciprocated 
before he speaks to the parents. There are numerous 
dinner parties given — usually long affairs — so young 
people have a chance to become quite well acquainted. 
He said the Hollanders are, as a general rule, very happily 
married, and such a thing (as far as he knew) as a divorce 
was unheard of. The peasant women still wear the same 
style of dress they wore one hundred years ago. About 
twenty-five years ago they tried to change the style but 
soon went back to the old way of dressing. He stated 
that many people in this country had asked him if it were 
true that all the Hollanders wear wooden shoes and re- 
move them on entering a house. Only the peasants 
wear the wooden shoes, as they find them better adapted 
to the moist ground of that country than leather. They 
fill them with straw to keep their feet warm, and that is 
why they remove them. The strict observance to the 
grades of society he next spoke of, saying that each 
grade keeps by itself — that a farmer never gets be- 
yond his rank or grade, no matter how rich he becomes, 
and a farmer's daughter would not care to marry any one 
but a farmer. 



[4 



The student's life is a particularly happy one — 
no restraint whatever being imposed upon a student 
attending the university. They are put altogether 
upon their honor. They do not live in the university 
building, but have rooms outside. 

In conclusion he then spoke of the devoted love 
and affection they all have for their young queen. They 
had seen her grow up among them into an accomplished 
young woman and know her to possess a most beautiful 
character. The stories circulated about being unhappily 
married he knew, as a positive fact, to be totally untrue. 

The Clionian Club will resume its studies next 
September and begin with "Japan." 

S. F. Browning Society 

The purpose of this Society is to stimulate an inter- 
est in and appreciation of the lives and works of the 
poets Browning, and meets every Friday morning. 
Three days of the year are appointed as memorial days : 
March 6th, May 7th and September 12th, respective 
birthdays and marriage day of Mr. and Mrs. Robert 
Browning, and are set apart for social meetings. 

In commemoration of Robert Browning's birthday, 
on May 7th, the ladies of the San Francisco Browning 
Society held a reception in the Sorosis Club house. 
Mrs. Oulton, the President, introduced each talented 
lady in a most charming manner. Mrs. Oulton said: 

"Friends: It may not be unwise to state that in 
accord with one of the provisions of the Constitution of 
the San Francisco Browning Society, we are assembled 
tonight to commemorate the birthday of the poet whom 
scholars agree in assigning a place next the five immor- 
tals holding first rank in the field of creative prophecy — 
Homer, Dante, Goethe, Shakespeare and Milton — then 
comes Browning. We shall hope, in presenting this 
program to you, to show some of the many minds by 
which may be recognized the justice of the claim for 
Browning's supremacy and the worth to the world of the 
birth into this sphere of action that occurred on May 
7, 1 8 12, and that we now celebrate." 

A fine paper on " Robert Browning" was read by 
Mrs. Ralph C. Harrison. 

Mrs. Harrison found this letter from Robert 
Browning in the British Museum and copied it. Per- 
haps readers may enjoy reading it : 

"I can have but little doubt but that my writing 
has been in the main too hard for many I should have 
been pleased to communicate with ; but I never design- 
edly tried to puzzle people, as some of my critics have 
supposed. On the other hand, I never pretended to 
ofi^er such literature as would be a substitute for a cigar 
or a game of dominoes to an idle man. So perhaps 
on the whole I get my deserts and something over, not 
a crowd, but a few I value more. 

" Let me remember gratefully that I may class you 
and the friends you mention among these, and you in 
turn must remember me as, 

" Yours my dear sir, 

" Very faithfully, 

" Robert Browning. 
"William G. Kingsland, 

" London. 
"27 Nov., 1868." 

Notice 

l| All members of clubs belonging to the California 

State Federation can obtain C. F. W. C. pins upon ap- 
plication to the Chairman of the Badge Committee, Mrs. 
John Jay Scoville, 2223 Pacific Avenue, San Francisco. 
Price of pin, 90 cents ; registry on each package, 8 cents. 



California State Federation ^( 

The work of the State Federation has steadily pro- A^ 
gressed since the convention in February. The necessary 
changes incident to a new administration have taken much 
of the time of the Executive Board. Some important new 
work has been inaugurated, and the forthcoming year 
book will embody an outline of topics and suggestions for 
the clubs to consider when they reconvene in September. 

Committees on Household Economics and Li- 
braries and Portfolios have been established and the 
division of the Committee on Education was acted upon 
at the Board meeting in Los Angeles. Mrs. L. V. Chapin 
will take the chairmanship of the new Committee on 
Civics and a new chairman will be found for Education. 

It is the sentiment of the Federation that sugges- 
tions along practical lines of club work will be most val- 
uable for California. Among the many advantages of 
having had the Biennial in our State, we may count the 
most beneficial to be the stimulus of new evidence of 
what is being done by clubwomen elsewhere for the 
practical service of the community. This has been 
brought to us for our strengthening. 

Civics and Social Economics cover a wide field of 
investigation. The Federation enters upon this work 
under the leadership of Mrs. Lou V. Chapin, and the 
Civic Committee which will be formed will enlist the 
sympathy and support of all earnest, broad-minded 
clubwomen. Many clubs have joined the C. F. W. C. 
since February and we are sure it is because they feel 
not only the pleasure of membership, but the pressure 
of a growing public sentiment that a State organization 
of women's clubs is in the nature of a public necessity. 
Hence, enlisting under the banner whose device is the 
winged torch and whose motto is "Strength united is 
stronger," they unite the honor and strength of all tor 
the service of all. 

Great care has been taken in the appointment of 
the chairmen of committees that they should be women 
of ability and of wide knowledge in their special lines, 
and from the six Federation districts into which our 
State is divided in the interests of better service we have 
found competent women to serve in these State com- 
mittees. To them is committed the active propaganda; 
the Executive Board can devise and advise, but the work 
of dissemination, of stimulation and reciprocity lies in 
the hands of these committees. 

Conclusions derived from participation and obser- 
vation of the Biennial are no doubt varied and numer- 
ous, but it would seem that the individual delegate must 
feel that a close touch, a clearer grasp of topics present- 
ed and discussed can be gained from a State Convention 
where we can hear, can be seated comfortably, and short- 
er and fewer papers given more time for discussion, and 
consequent enlightenment, in these interesting subjects 
that are gathering into their mighty grasp the con- 
sciences of the clubwomen of the United States. 

Mrs. J. W. Orr, 
Corresponding Secretary C. F. W. C. 

Committees of C. F. 'W. C. 

Education — Not yet filled. 

Forestry — Mrs. J. G. Lemmon, Oakland. 

Reciprocity — Mrs. Edwin C. Southworth, Sanger. 

Club Extension — Mrs. F. E. Prior, Los Angeles. 

Libraries and Portfolios — Miss Susanne Patch, 
San Francisco. 

Household Economics — Mrs. Robert Watt, 
Oakland. 

Program — Mrs. Geo. Haight, Berkeley. 

Civics — Mrs. Lou V. Chapin, Los Angeles. 



5] 



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1462 Market Street 

Opposite Central Theater 



Ladies' Tailor 




f ^e§0 SHOE 



for 

women 



PERFECTION OF THE 
SHIRTMAKERS' ART 


S TA N D A R D 


SHIRTS 


ASK YOUR DEALER 



Staniels ^ Devlin 

JLadies" High-Grade Shirt Waists "To Order 
777 Sutter Street, San Francisco 



Ttlifhani Eatt ttS 




Perfect Fit Guaranteed 



Telephone Hyde 1873 



A. ROTHBERG 

High-Grade Ladies' Tailor 



410 Ellis Street 



San Francisco 



Telephone James 4471 

The Waldorf Hair Parlors 

MiSS D. HONIG 

241-243 Geary Street, San Francisco 

French Hair Goods, Fine Shell Goods, Cosmetics, Perfumery, Hair Dressing, Chi- 
ropodist, Manicuring, Facial Woric; Wig Making a Specialty 

La Grande Laundry 

Telephone Bush 12 
Principal Office : 

23 Powell Street, cor. Ellis Street, San Francisco 



VIAVI has been manufactured for over fifteen years. It 
cured hundreds of ailing women in its first year and has cured 
thousands of sutTerers every year since. Booklet for mothers 
and daughters mailed free. 

THE VIAVI COMPANY 

2304-6-8 Van Ness Ave., San Francisco. Phone Eatt 282 



Mme. Ferran, Mme. Plegat & Co. ''^^..^c^^f/c^.^n^fn'sref^" 

FRENCH LAUNDRY Laces.LaceCurtains, and Ladies' and Gents' 

Telephone tast I5r Underclothes done up in the best style 

Hand Dry-Cleaning and Steaming Works 

The Finest Dresses, Laces, Curtains, Draperies J 9 27 Polk Street 

Feathers, Boas, etc., CLEANED LIKE NEW Near Pacific Ave. Sin Francijco 




Mrs. J. DORA KIRCHNER 



Phone I.irkin 401 j 



DR. OSCAR L. GRUGGEL, Chiropodist 

14A Geary Street, San Francisco 
Hours: 9 to 5:30 Telephone lllark .-^733 

Ar^ A r\ M "p D a^iS Telephone ScotI 17S 

O A U IM I2> rV ♦♦♦ Kirst-clasiRelerencei 

VIENNA LADIES' AND MERCHANT TAILOR 

SAN FRANCISCO 



Bet. Fine and California 



2012 Fillmore Street 



What you wear 



Next to your skin should be a question of moment to you. You can't enjoy life clad 
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Your choice of fabrics. The price will not irritate, either 




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Our Bathing Suits for 1902 
are now ready, and our assort- 
ment the largest on the Coast 



60 Geary Street 

San Francisco 



K. MeussdorfFer & Son 

HATTERS 




Importers of Ladies' English-Trimmed 
Walking, Outing and Panama Hats 

S Kearny Street 



Ntxt to Chronitli 



San Francisco 



R. Bujannoff 



Designer and manufacturer of 

FINE JEWELRY 




Mechini & Corrieri 

Manufacturers of Fine Art Statuary; Models, Busts and Moulds cast 
for schools of design 

616 Post Street, bet. Taylor and Jones Sts., S. F. 



Main Store, VoJcohama, Japan 



Phone Black 1555 



T. Shibata I 



irect Importer 2nd 
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 



Japanese Fancy Goods and Old Curios 

336 Kearny Street, bet. Bush and Pine, San Francisco, Cal. 



Main Ofiicei, Kioto and Yokohama, Japan 



Tbe Asahi &/, 



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Post Street, above Grant Ave. 

Francisco 



Japanese Embroidery and Drawn Work a Specialty. Japanese Curios and Art Goods 

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Valuable Collection of Old Prints 

± ne Y amanaSni San Francisco, Cal. 

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CHY LUNG & CO. 



Established 1850 



Direct Importers of Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods. All Varieties 
of Silks and Grass Cloth, and Every Kind of Choice Oriental Curios 

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FUNG HAl & CO. 

Importers of 

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[6 



The N. D. G. W. Home 

The Home of the Native Daughters of the Golden 
West is located on O'Farrell Street near Van Ness 
Avenue. It was opened under the auspices of the Grand 
Board of Relief, N. D. G. W., on New Year's Day, 
1899, its object being to provide a place properly 
equipped for the care of the sick and disabled members 
of the order whose illness is of a nature that comes 
under the beneficiary laws of the order, and who are 
financially unable to bear the expense of medical treat- 
ment. It is also a place where any member of the 
order who is in a position to pay, may, at the least 
possible cost to herself, have all the advantages of the 
most skilful medical treatment and the devoted atten- 
tion of the best trained nurses. Board and lodging is 
furnished to members of contributing Parlors from the 
cities and interior towns at the lowest possible rates. 
No remuneration has been asked from unfortunate mem- 
bers who have been ill and out of work. Some have 
been given credit until they secured positions to aid 
themselves. Others have been similarly aided while fit- 
ting themselves for their life work in the business schools 
of this city. 

The Home is supported by contributions (mone- 
tary and otherwise) from the subordinate Parlors and 
the income from the permanent and transient guests. 

It is conducted by a committee elected annually by 
the Grand Board of Relief, and consists of the following 
members : 

Chairman, Mrs. W. S. Leake. 

Secretary, Miss Clara K. Wittenmyer. 

Treasurer, Mrs. H. M. Greene. 

Directors, Dr. Mariana Bertola, Mrs. Louise Morris, 
Mrs. J. Cockrill and Mrs. J. A. Steinbach. 

Alden Club 

OFFICERS FOR 1 902 

President — Miss Mabel Adams Ayer. 

Vice-President — Miss Jennie McFarland. 

Recording Secretary — Miss Jean Pedlar. 

Corresponding Secretary — Miss Abbie Edwards. 

Business Secretary — Miss Grace Garoutte. 

Treasurer — Miss Elizabeth Edwards. 

The Alden Club, organized April 29, I90i,was 
named in honor of Mrs. Westover Alden, founder 
and President of the International Sunshine Society. 
The Alden is a branch of said society and abides by 
its Constitution, which is not charity. 

A short time before it was organized, nine children 
were sent to the branch in Placer County for two weeks' 
outing ; lunches and other comforts were provided for 
the children during their long ride on the cars. 

Sunshine has been scattered far and near by this 
band of noble young women. Many beautiful scrap- 
books have been compiled suitable for invalids and 
children, and from them was derived much cheer. Dur- 
ing the summer for six or seven weeks the members 
took turns in caring for a woman in the hospital, and 
their cheerful nursing did much toward her final re- 
covery. 

We could fill a book relating the noble deeds ac- 
complished and the sunshine scattered by these young 
women. Long may they live and prosper cheering the 
weary hearts with which, alas ! the world is overflowing. 

Sequoia, D. A. R. 

The regular monthly meeting of the Sequoia Chap- 
ter, D. A. R., was held May 12th at the club-house on 
California Street. The Chapter has adjourned for the 
summer, and no business will be done until the open- 
ing meeting in September. 



"Women's Auxiliary of the Society of Cal- Ap^f 
ifornia Pioneers -j , 

OFFICERS FOR 1 9O2 ^ 

President, Mrs. John H. Jewett. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. J. F. Swift. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. S. W. Holladay. 

Third Vice-President, Mrs. James Neall. 

Fourth Vice-President, Mrs. J. Bidwell. 

Fifth Vice-President, Mrs. Jessie B. Fremont. 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. G. J. Bucknall. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. George Oulton. 

Treasurer, Miss N. J. Lowry. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents, Mrs. Leland Stanford, 
Mrs. John M. Burnett, Mrs. A. A. Sargent, Mrs. Aylett 
R. Cotton. 

Honorary Members, Mrs. Fernando Pfingst, Mrs. 
W. T. Wallace. 

The objects of this association are to promote an 
interest in and collect facts pertaining to the early settle- 
ment of the State of California, to form a library and 
a museum consisting of relics and historical objects, and 
to create a feeling of unity amongst the members ; also 
to hold social annual gatherings. 

Persons eligible to membership are : First, — Wives 
and lineal female descendants of members of the Society 
of California Pioneers. Second, — Wives, widows and 
lineal female descendants of ex-members of the Society 
of California Pioneers. Third, — Widows and lineal 
female descendants of deceased members of the Society 
of California Pioneers. 

The Daughters of the Society of California Pioneers 
entertained their friends in Pioneer Hall Monday after- 
noon. May 19th. Miss Edith N. Klock gave "A 
Synnove's Song," by Kjerulf, which was odd but exceed- 
ingly sweet. Her encore was "A May Morning," well 
adapted to her fine voice. The "Four Leaf Clover" 
was sung delightfully by Miss Louise W. McClure. 
Both ladies were accompanied by Mrs. W.J. Batchelder. 
Mrs. Emily W. North gave a very enjoyable talk on 
"The Land of the Midnight Sun." Mrs. North's 
interesting account of a Norwegian wedding will be 
published later. 

CKannin^ Auxiliary 

May 5th being the first Monday of the month, the 
Channing Auxiliary held Its regular business meeting, 
presided over by the president, Mrs. C. E. Grunsky. 
After business was disposed of Professor H. W. Rolfe, 
of Stanford University, entertained the members with an 
interesting description of Oxford, beautifully illustrated 
with stereoptlcon views. Sections of the discourse may 
be published later. 

The Channing Auxiliary will meet again on Mon- 
day, June 2d, when Mr. Samuel Seward, of Stanford 
University, will give a description of student life at Ox- 
ford. The Auxiliary will then adjourn until the first 
Monday in September. 

OFFICERS FOR 1 9O2 

President, Mrs. C. E. Grunsky, 3006 Clay Street. 

First Vice-President, Miss Ruth Campbell, 1264 
Jackson Street. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. Albert Gerberding, 
2815 Scott Street. 

Recording Secretary, Miss Henrietta Stadtmiiller, 
819 Eddy Street. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Frank Sumner, 2321 
Central Avenue. 

Business Secretary, Miss Ardella Mills, 2800 Jack- 
son Street. 

Treasurer, Mrs. Edwin W. Stadtmiiller, 1465 Fulton 
Street. 



7] 



-Advantages of Co-education 

BY MISS MABEL CLARE CRAFT, S. F. 



[The clubwomen who had the pleasure of hearing 
Miss Craft's brilliant paper were so enthusiastic in their 
praises it was unanimously voted the finest, by far, read 
before the convention in Los Angeles. By kind courtesy 
we are enabled to publish it for the benefit of subscribers 
who did not attend :] 

Quite ten years ago we of the West thought that the 
problem of co-education had been definitely settled for 
us ; that it had been buried under years of solid womanly 
achievement; but of late — alas and alack — a reaction 
has set in against co-education, just as in certain quarters 
a reaction has set in against democracy and the rights of 
man. Though we were prone at first to close our eyes 
and refuse to notice the little eddies that troubled the 
calm flow ot our mighty educational tide, we have been 
forced of late months to take a frightened peep or two, 
as first one University President and then another 
launched a thunderous bull or piped a feeble protest 
against the educating together of men and women. We 
are forced now to admit that this back-water movement 
is more serious than we believed; we find that we must 
look to our levees if we would not be washed away. 

There is a time to ignore and a time to protest, just 
as there is a time to fight and a time to pray, and it is 
the time to protest when we see the women who have 
flocked in such crowds to our great co-educational univer- 
sities losing, piecemeal, the rights which have been theirs. 
Through no fault of their own save, perhaps, too great 
eagerness or too good scholarship, they are forced to 
watch the masculine faculty and regents as they chip off, 
here and there, little bits of that equal opportunity and 
perfeet freedom of choice which form the most important 
part of co-education. 

The way of co-education has ever been opposite to 
the course of Empire. Born of the breezy West, where 
pioneer women braved precisely the same hardships as 
pioneer men, it has gradually spread eastward, until even 
on the Massachusetts coast we find it, in pinched and 
limited form, to be sure, but still a sort of half-way recog- 
nition that every human mind has a right to all the learn- 
ing it can assimilate and that, for some unexplained reason, 
a superior brand of mental pabulum is furnished in col- 
leges that were originally intended only for men. When 
Yale, a few years ago, opened the doors of her graduate 
departments to women, admitting in this wise that when 
a woman has done the years of vigorous and exacting 
work that fit her to strive for an advanced degree she is 
entitled to study with men, a giant stride for co-education 
was taken. May we not hope that in time Harvard may 
become sufiiciently liberal to grant degrees to the women 
of Radcliife who have done precisely the same work as 
Harvard men, instead of the milk-sop "certificates" with 
which a grudging alma mater records the fact that her 
sons are of the blood, but that her daughters carry a bar 
sinister in their escutcheon? 

It is always alleged that women are ruled by senti- 
ment, but Mrs. May Wright Sewall says that history 
affords no example of organized women so manifestly 
governed by sentiment as are the Boards of Oxford, 
Cambridge and Harvard, when the majority of these 
boards vote to give to women who have taken advantage 
of the opportunities for study, grudgingly granted at 
these institutions, a certificate equal to the Bachelor of 
Arts degree, instead of the Bachelor of Arts degree itself. 
When logic shall bear its perfect fruits, the sex of the 



student will not be considered in making the official state- 
ment of the work performed. 

College men opposed to co-education never fail to 
remind us that woman's opportunities in the West were 
the result of economy, and we always disarm them by 
admitting it and by adding that in this case, as in many 
others, economy was the mother of progress. So the 
girls entered, first by ones and twos, later by the half- 
dozen, within the last decade in throngs. You know 
the trend of the argument against them : at first that they 
could not do the prescribed work which they had never 
been permitted to try. Then, as thev began almost to 
monopolize the honors, the wiseacres became fearful of 
their physical health and long sermons were preached 
which admitted the quality of the woman's brain but had 
their doubts about the capability of the woman's body. 
But the record of absences showed that the health of the 
women was better than that of the men — at least, that it 
needed no coddling. And then the opposition passed 
into its third stage which we hoped might be final. The 
agitators became deeply impressed with the fact that men 
and women could not endure association together in the 
college halls — that, in short, they were growing to hate 
each other. Some colleges feared that this mutual dis- 
trust which was growing up between the sexes was 
keeping men away and was preventing those particular 
universities from shining on the all-important athletic 
field ; others feared that the presence of increasing num- 
bers of women would make their colleges seem hke 
seminaries and would send promising masculine material 
to the big universities of the Eastern States, where men 
still live on the monastic plan that followed the Middle 
Ages, and where the Light of Learning burns brightly — 
" for men only." 

And through all the talk no one ever mentions the 
welfare of the woman student, who represents half the 
human race. Hearing the discussions and reading the 
arguments, one might suppose the world to be composed 
of men only and imagine that it made not the slightest 
difference whether women were educated by the best 
method or not. 

Now, I believe that every girl deserves the best she 
is capable of using. There is no good place for the 
frivolous girl either in the co-educational college or in the 
seminary, but no girl capable of training should be con- 
demned to untrained mediocrity. 

The thorough education of women means more for 
the future than all conceivable legislative reforms. Its 
influence does not stop with the home ; it means higher 
standards of manhood, greater thoroughness of training, 
the coming of better men. 

Deep below the surface there is a three-fold reason 
for the opposition to co-education which flares up inter- 
mittently in the Universitv of Chicago, the State Uni- 
versity of California and Stanford University — the three 
greatest co-educational institutions in the country always 
excepting the University of Michigan, where there seems 
never to be any questioning of the fact that the education 
of men and women together is the most natural as well 
as the most beneficial to both, like co-nursing, co-feed- 
ing, co-living in general. 

The first source of opposition is to be found in the 
university faculty. No co-educational institution, so far 
as I know, has an adequate number of women on its fac- 
ulty. Some of them have a few women ; the University 
of California has none; but not one has what may really 



[8 



be called co-instruction and not one has an adequate 
number of women on its governing board. Most of the 
instructors are young men, graduates of the university 
who have taken higher degrees elsewhere. Many of 
these young men have studied in Germany and have 
come back full of the Kirche, Kuche and Kinder idea and 
with the blithe idiocy of youth begin to talk it in the 
faculty meeting and, worse still, to read it into the ears of 
the boy part of the student body — how the presence of 
the girls destroys college spirit ; how much funnier the 
stories and how much louder the songs if only the girls 
were not there ; how much more careless the dress, how 
much freer the manners — all spoiled by the presence of 
girls who should not be permitted to know anything 
about the higher education any way, since they would 
have a much greater reverence and awe tor the bacca- 
laureate degree if they were not wearing so many master's 
and doctor's hoods of their own. 

The second cause of opposition was not known in 
the ruder pioneer days. As wealth and leisure grow in 
the young community there arises the fashionable element 
and this class almost invariably sends its sons to college 
and its daughters to finishing schools. The sons are not, 
as a rule, the brightest students in the university world, 
but wealth and position give them a prominent place in 
the little college universe and the toadies — since the col- 
lege world is much like the bigger one outside — run 
after these silver-gilt youths who reflect the opinion of 
their mothers and sisters, considering it highly improper 
that a girl should go to college, or, if she must, say she 
should go to a place more noted for its college plays and 
daisy chains than for the value of its degrees. The un- 
important sons of Midas join with the savants of the 
German beer and duelling clubs and each man is a center 
of his own little influence, which grows and spreads until 
the whole male student body is honeycombed with preju- 
dice against women students and the ideal social life of 
the co-educational university which is a Utopian plan 
midway between the strict chaperonage of fashionable life 
and Bohemianism is further ofi^ than ever. 

And here the ladies of the faculty take it up with 
the girls themselves, making them self-conscious, urging 
it upon them that they are interlopers and so must " take 
care," and completely banishing that feeling of comrade- 
ship with which small boys and girls play together until 
some idotic grown-up comes along and says, " Fie, before 
I'd play with a girl," or to the little Griselda, "It makes 
little girls rough to play with boys " — poor, half-baked 
philosopher who does not know that the two sexes were 
made to live together, the woman gaining in strength, the 
man in gentleness and fineness of fiber, with every mo- 
ment passed together. 

The wife of the average college professor is not a co- 
educated woman. Often she is not even a college woman, 
or, if she be, she has been graduated from some woman's 
college, perhaps from one of those where they differen- 
tiate between Freshmen and Sophomores by the length of 
their trains. The faculty wife is utterly shocked at the 
free and frank social life which she finds in the healthy 
co-educational university; she finds the students going 
about together unchaperoned ; she finds men and women 
chatting in the library alcoves ; she finds an entire lack 
of sex-consciousness ; and oftentimes she finds an engage- 
ment or two growing out of the annual college play and 
she is terribly upset at such an Adam and Eve condition 
of things. Then she sets about it to lecture the girls, to 
see that the men and women are not permitted to board 
at the same houses; to set the seal of disapproval on the 
library talks that were called in my day " practical co- 
education," with the result that soon the fine uncon- 
sciousness is gone ; the girls become visibly agitated at 



the sight of a moustache and the whole pleasant scheme A^j 
of normal friendly companionship is shattered beyond ^ 
repair and a new generation of college students must be ^1 
born to live down the unpleasant results of the dyspepsia 
that follows eating the fruit of this tree of knowledge. 
Verily, the college co-educational paradise is well supplied 
with serpents. 

But there is something that will scotch these three 
enemies to co-educational life — a more active, practical 
remedy than the mere negative reminder that there is yet 
to be recorded a serious scandal in a co-educational insti- 
tution against hundreds and thousands in separate insti- 
tutions. This potent antidote for the insidious poison of 
anti-co-educational sentiment is the woman on the faculty 
and the woman on the governing board. Especially is 
the faculty woman important and we can all work for her 
appointment. It is absurd to say that women are not 
fitted, while Philippa Fawcetts are marked " above the 
senior wrangler " or while Berlin turns out women like 
Miss Neuman, whose fame in mathematics is world- 
wide. Such women are the peers of any of the men in 
our co-educational faculties, and greatly the superior of 
many. Some of the best teaching material in the country 
is sentenced for life to a high-school desk and is con- 
demned to have its work annually examined by inferior 
classmates, and all because the superior brain happened 
to be incased in a woman's body. When women in 
decent numbers sit on co-educational faculties we shall 
find a mighty change — for it is true that where women 
are teaching in mixed colleges the men students flock to 
the women, even when these are teaching sociology and 
kindred branches, just as women flock to hear men 
preachers, and men crowd to hear eloquent Deborahs. 
It is the mysterious cross-attraction which Nature planned 
and which man, with all his contriving, cannot completely 
circumvent. 

From berating the early women students because 
they were masculine — and perhaps they were, since it 
takes a deal of courage to make a pioneer — we find 
the last woman to enter railed at because she is silly and 
frivolous. The old opponents of co-education hated it, 
they said, because the boys and girls wasted their 
time in love-making and there were too many college 
marriages ; now they are blaming the system because 
there are not marriages enough. In place of the tearful 
protest that mixing young folks in college promotes sen- 
timentality and turns the institution into a " match factorv" 
we have now the plea that educating boys and girls to- 
gether permits them to know each other so well that 
nothing on earth would induce them to marry. You 
would think that the objections, like an acid and an 
alkali, would neutralize each other, but they do not seem 
to, and the friends of co-education are forced to fall back 
on the expedient of the bicycle agent, who asserts that 
wheeling makes fat people thin and thin people fat. 

And that is precisely the point that appeals to me 
in co-education. I believe, of course, that it is the 
normal form of education — that boys and girls, since 
Nature was so rash as to plant them side by side in fam- 
ilies, are best educated when, in the kindergarten, in the 
primary school, in grammar days, in the high school, in 
the university, and, later, in the real school of life itself, 
they are educated side bv side. I am not one who be- 
lieves that there should be difi^erent mental food for men 
and women, any more than I believe that a boy should 
be raised on meat and a girl on vegetable diet. I believe 
that just as in the same family the boys and girls who 
eat the same food in the same quantity thrive on it — 
the one becoming lean and muscular, the other plump 
and rounded — so in the school, where the masculine and 
feminine brain are fed on the same food, each appropri- 



9] 



ates the thing it most needs — Nature attends to that. 
Or, if we must segregate and mix our feeble little theories 
in Nature's good plan, I should say that the mental diet 
of French and tapestry painting would probably do the 
bov less harm than the girl, since it could not altogether 
change his bent of mind, for of the two the girl is more 
in need of Greek and mathematics to balance her mind 
and develop her into a symmetrical being. The same 
education should certainly be given to both sexes in those 
studies which have for their aim intellectual development. 

Still looking at it from the woman's standpoint in 
which, I take it, you are more interested, I am going to 
state, without fear of contradiction, that all women may 
be divided into two classes — those who marry and live 
with men all their lives and those who do not marry and, 
under modern conditions, almost invariably work with or 
against men, competing with them daily in a relation as 
trying as that of the woman of the first class. For both 
these classes, the most important thing in the world is to 
know men thoroughly and this knowledge can be gained 
nowhere so well as in associating with them from the 
kindergarten to the doctor's degree. There is no lesson 
for woman to learn that is more important than this. 

I believe that we dwell far too much on sex differ- 
ences and far too little on sex similarities. We make a 
terrible mistake when we begin the separate education of 
children even in the nursery. There should be no dif- 
ferentiation of toys. Little girls should not be forever 
mewed up with dolls while their brothers are encouraged 
to play with all the fascinating out-door things, the tops 
and the balls and the kites. Would it make a girl mas- 
culine, do you think, to sail a kite against the blue, and 
to have her lungs filled with fresh air and her eyes turned 
toward the heavens rather than to have her head bent over 
a doll in a stuffy room while she laboriously sews rufiles 
on the latest thing in doll lingerie ? I wonder if boys 
would be as interesting — to say nothing of as well-de- 
veloped and useful — if they were trained merely for 
fatherhood instead of being trained to be all-round human 
beings with bumps instead of depressions in their skulls. 
Nor do I wish to be understood as inveighing against 
the divine instinct of motherhood, but I believe that 
Nature has planted this very deep in every womanly 
heart and that what women need is sound, substantial 
training which shall help them to develop into sensible, 
symmetrical human beings, and the motherhood will be 
so much the better for the reinforcement behind it. 
Women get this kind of training at a college intended 
for men rather than at one intended for women, where a 
few men with apriori ideas of woman's sphere framed the 
course of study to suit their inherited prejudices. It is 
significant that the best colleges for women are planted 
where there are no co-educational colleges of the first 
class. Co-education, with all its difliculties and failures, 
is certainly less dangerous than the undue emphasis ot 
sex, the over-stimulation of the imagination, the wholly 
unnatural views of life produced in separate colleges. 

I take it that the thing for which we are all striving 
is a perfectly developed, well-balanced character, and 
there is not the slightest doubt in my mind that such a 
character consists in the harmonious blending of mascu- 
line and feminine traits. The worst thing women are 
compelled to contend against is ignorance — ignorance of 
themselves, of the nature of men, of the world's ways. 
Grace, culture, ideals a girl may get from a woman's col- 
lege, but rarely that wisdom which makes her safe in the 
difficult choices of life. There is no question that co- 
education makes both men and women better judges of 
character. It takes the roughness out of the men and 
the simpering out of the women; it tends to banish that 
sex-consciousness which is inimical to purity of mind; it 



does away with false modesty, and it tends to lessen that 
inordinate desire for each other's society which is prompted 
largely by curiosity and the fascination which surrounds 
the forbidden. A woman cannot avoid the quicksands 
of moral destruction until she knows what they are and 
where they lie; the old idea of innocence, which is but 
another name for ignorance, is happily dead. It would 
not be a wise ship-owner who would start a vessel across 
the sea without a chart, and yet we expect a young girl, if 
we cloister her in a separate institution of learning, to 
make a perilous journey utterly without guidance except 
that which comes from a system of chaperonage that puts 
a premium upon intrigue. Even the double standard of 
morality is partially a result of the separate system of 
education and it will cease to exist only when men, as co- 
workers and co-students of women, learn truer respect 
for womankind in general. It is in the interest of 
woman's advancement that men should learn to respect 
her intellect, and that she herself should discover that 
she has an intellect that can cope with man's without dis- 
paragement. It takes away her timidity and gives the 
courage so much needed if she is to seize the opportunities 
now opening before her in these piping times of woman's 
progress. 

And even if a woman does lose that bugaboo of the 
sentimentalists — that "indefinable something" — she is 
fully compensated by something which is definable; the 
healthier tone of her views of life, her truer estimate of 
men and her ability to measure herself by the real 
standards which obtain in a college community where 
men and women mingle together freely in classrooms, in 
debating societies and in organizations of all kinds, social 
as well as educational. It is an abnormal condition 
which excludes young people of either sex from the com- 
panionship of the other at the very period when they 
most desire each other's society. It is of the first im- 
portance that men should have the right idea of women 
and they can know them only for the best that is in them 
when they do good hard work side by side in college 
classroom or laboratory. 

Nor are the advantages of co-education less for the 
men. So long as the majority of the teachers who pre- 
pare boys for college are women, these women ought to 
know, by their own experience as university students, 
what the requirements of the university are. All men 
agree that women should be useful, and if children would 
be well prepared for college they must be taught by 
teachers of sound attainments and disciplined minds, 
which means that men's universities must be open to 
women, too. And it is a significant fact that men who 
have studied with women in college invariably favor their 
admission to county and State medical, legal and editorial 
associations, paying them that greatest of compliments — 
that of being taken for granted, instead of being specially 
mentioned, — another result of the growth of a cordial 
recognition of equality. 

I know of no better test of the working of co-educa- 
tion than the testimony of those who have been trained 
in that school. A few years ago letters were sent to one 
hundred and eighty married women, all college gradu- 
ates with grown children, asking them if they would send 
their sons and daughters to co-educational institutions. 
Of one hundred and thirty-three who answered by return 
post one hundred and nine were in favor of co-educa- 
tion, and some who were not in favor of co-education for 
their daughters believed in it for their sons and were 
cheerfully willing to sacrifice the daughters of other 
women that their sons might have the advantage of 
such association. One mother replied that she preferred 
to send her son to a co-educational institution because 
of the added stimulus to conscientious, scholarly work 



[lO 



derived from the example of girls in the classes, and her 
girls to a similar institution because of the greater likeli- 
hood of securing a fair standard of work. Another 
mother thought that the danger of that period when 
feeling is stronger than judgment was lessened rather 
than aggravated by the frequent association of young 
men and women under circumstances when neither is a 
special object of interest to the other, but where all are 
working for a common end. Nearly all these college- 
bred mothers thought there was less tendency to deteri- 
oration of morals in a co-educational institution, and 
they were agreed that while familiarity breeds contempt 
for contemptible qualities, the Senior is generally far 
more deferential to the girls than the Freshman. The 
average " co-ed " is neither a shallow butterfly nor an 
austere pedant, but as there are thousands of her, she 
naturally runs the gamut of girlhood, and while she is 
usually bright, broad-minded and attractive, she may be 
stupid and uninteresting. But it is a tribute to her that 
the college man, after he is graduated into what he is 
pleased to call " real life," often wonders why the girls 
he meets seem so deadly dull and uninteresting. 

Before closing I wish to refer to President Jordan 
of the great Stanford University, and as a University of 
California woman I shall not be accused of prejudice 
when I praise our great rival. President Jordan is our 
typical Western educator, a powerful advocate of co-edu- 
cation without any " what if s," and without doubt the 
best friend the college women of the West have ever had. 

President Jordan says — and he certainly ought to 
know: "A woman's college is more or less a technical 
school, a school of training for the profession of woman- 
hood. It encourages womanliness of thought as more 
or less opposed to the plain thinking which is called 
manly. In woman's education, as planned for her alone, 
the tendency is toward the study of beauty and order. 
Literature and language take precedence over science. 
Expression is valued more than action. This, carried 
to an extreme, causes the necessary relation of thought 
to action to become obscured. Women are likely to 
master technique rather than art ; method rather than 
substance. When brought in contact with men who 
can do things, women's sentimentalism disappears and 
their religious thoughts and impulses are changed. 

" In schools for men alone, the elements of beauty 
and fitness are obscured by the sense of reality. When 
men are associated with wise, sane and healthy women, 
their ideals of womanhood are raised, and the highest 
manhood must be associated with such ideals. The 
best work in women's colleges is often accompanied by a 
nervous strain, as though its doer were fearful of falling 
short of some outside standard. The best work of men 
is natural, unconscious, the normal result of the contact 
of the mind with the problems in question. 

"Here is found the strongest argument for co-edu- 
cation, and the argument especially applies in institutions 
in which the individuality of the student is recognized 
and respected. In such schools each man, by his rela- 
tion to action and realities, becomes in these regards a 
teacher of women, and each cultivated woman a teacher 
of men." 

We trust that at last this question has been referred 
to the " court of last conjecture." It has been turned 
inside and out, up and down, forward and back, but few 
have "lent it a hand." They have been more willing 
to lend it a foot, apparently, and though many have 
argued the subject, almost none have argued it from 
results; almost all from fixed notions of prejudice and 
dislike. Respect for the masculine intellect does not 
seem to be declining when we remember that forty-five 
per cent of co-educated women marry men from their 



own or other colleges, most of them acquaintances made 
during their college life. So long as co-educated men 
and women, when let alone, meet and form fast friend- 
ships which last through life, and occasionally love and 
marry, we cannot doubt that so far, at least, as co-educa- 
tion is concerned, 

" God 's in his heaven, 
All's right with the world." 

The university should have for its object the edu- 
cation not of men and women, boys and girls, but of 
human beings. We cannot afford to stand with that 
German professor who, when told that an American 
woman, Catherine Beecher, had written the best answer 
to Edwards's " On the Will," exclaimed, " Then may 
heaven forgive Christopher Columbus for discovering 
America 1 " 

It is wholly to the advantage of the entire race and 
to woman's half of it that women should be made free 
of the best education attainable, and reason, generosity 
and justice all urge that women shall be permitted to 
train their minds under the same august supervision 
which molds and polishes those of their fathers, hus- 
bands, brothers and sons. 

The association of men and women in universities 
is intellectually an inspiration, socially a benefit, morally 
a restraint. In the ideal, men and women were intended 
for mutual service, and the best way of training is 
together. The daily knowledge gives truer estimates of 
each other — more natural and truer views of life. The 
present form of co-education is not ideal, but the prin- 
ciple is, and every generation of college-bred mothers 
brings the ideal — universal co-education — nearer. 

A chivalrous gentleman once said that rather than 
see one woman lose her feminine bloom, he would have 
all women swept out of college halls; but it is well for us 
to remember that if, through the presence of women in 
university halls many generations of men are made to 
have a nobler regard not only for the women who are 
dear to them but for womankind in general, and if 
through this heightening and broadening of their natures 
they come to see that a scheme of life which sacrifices a 
certain portion of womankind in order to keep others 
in cloistered possession, is unchivalrous and vicious to 
the last degree, then perhaps the mannishness of a few 
at the start may be forgiven. The first women to invade 
men's colleges had to be, as some one has said, women 
to whom conventionality was not the dearest thing on 
earth. There was opposition to be met; women shrank 
from it. Only the bolder persevered. Every year now 
sees more girls of social culture going to college, and 
nowadays nobody's bloom is in jeopardy. False mod- 
esty is killed, to be sure, but not the genuine quality. 
Logic, philosophy and mathematics do not make a 
woman masculine, but they do make her keen-sighted, 
open-minded and rational, and we trust that men have 
no natural monopoly of these qualities. And though 
the college wife may remember at times that her hus- 
band took second to her first in experimental psychology, 
the more thoroughly a woman has entered into the 
social and intellectual life of her world, the richer her 
married life will probably be. There can be no happier 
unions than those of the college-bred, with common 
acquaintances, common aims and similar ambitions. I 
am told that the first divorce of a co-educational marriage 
has yet to be recorded. Can you point to any other 
class of marriages with such a record ? 




n] 




Puerta del 
D. A. R. 



Oro 



On Thursday, May 15th, Miss Marion 
Howard Brazier, the well-known authority 
on colonial history, spoke before La Puerta 
del Oro, in Century Hall, her topics being, 
"John Paul Jones, Founder of the Amer- 
ican Navy," and "The Thirteen Colonies," which will 
be published later in Club Life. Miss Brazier treated 
her subjects in an able manner, showing thorough grasp 
and knowledge of early American affairs. 

Miss Brazier has a most charming personality and 
is a highly intellectual woman. She is editor and owner 
of the Patriotic Review, a paper of some note, a 
prominent Eastern clubwoman, and is one of the charter 
members of the New England Woman's Press Associa- 
tion. She organized the Paul Revere Chapter of the 
D. A. R., the Bunker Hill Chapter and the Paul Jones. 
In each of these Chapters Miss Brazier served as Regent 
for three years. 

Miss Brazier, who was the guest of Mrs. Isidore 
Burns during her stay in San Francisco, was enthusiastic 
over her warm welcome in California and the enjoyment 
it gave her, an itinerary of which, by her able pen, may 
amuse our readers later on in the season. 

The Patriotic Review is on file in our Guild room, 
Room 207 Hearst Building, and subscriptions received 
for it. 

The regular meeting of the Chapter was held May 
27th, at the home of Mrs. Dorr, 11 15 Hyde Street. 
A musical program was enjoyed, after which the Chap- 
ter adjourned for the summer. 

TKe Forum Club 

The entertainment given on the afternoon of May 
14th was unusually interesting, Mrs. Payot, the new 
President, in the chair. A number of the Eastern club- 
women attended, and those who responded to the Presi- 
dent's invitation to speak were Mrs. Brown of Waltham, 
Mass.; Mrs. Peck, Milwaukee; Mrs. Jones, Salt Lake 
City; Mrs. Harron, Iowa; Mrs. Roserand Mrs. Walters, 
Ohio. 

Mrs. Bulkley gave a delightful account of the 
superb manner in which Los Angeles entertained the 
visiting guests during the Biennial Convention. 

The interest of the afternoon, however, was centered 
in the charming talk by the Hon. Ho Yow, our Consul- 
General, on the " Social Usages of China," which may 
be published later. Miss Mary Rose, accompanied by 
Miss Velma Lillie, Mme. Semenario and Mrs. Snider 
Johnson, were the soloists. 

Porteous Club 

The members of the Porteous Club were hostesses 
at a reception tendered to their friends on Saturday 
evening. May 17th, in the club rooms in the Supreme 
Court Building. The rooms were prettily decorated and 
refreshments served. The evening closed with a dance. 

The club will keep up its meetings during the 
summer and all classes will continue. 



Laurel Hall Club 

On May 21st Laurel Hall Club held its last meet- 
ing previous to the summer closing. Mrs. Collins pre- 
sided, and after Mrs. Carmany and Mrs. Geo. Haight, 
club delegates to the Biennial, had entertained the club 
with five-minute talks on the convention, the afternoon 
was devoted to " Robbie " Burns's songs and recitations. 

Scottish ballads were delightfully sung by Miss 
Marion Cummings and Mrs. Pierce, and Mrs. Geo. 
Haight charmed her audience with her wonderful rendi- 
tion of favorite Burns verses. 

During the meeting Mrs. Fox, Secretary of the 
General Federation, was introduced and addressed the 
club informally. 

Mrs. Collins concluded the meeting with pleasant 
summer anticipations, and expressing the hope of seeing 
all at the opening of the next session, announced the 
close of the present with the fall of the gavel. 

Miss Eleanor Joseph, a well-known musician of this 
city and a member of the Laurel Hall Club, will leave 
San Francisco in a few days for Paris. She is planning 
to spend the three summer months in this musical center, 
and while there will devote her time, not to seeing the sights 
or forming social ties, but to serious study with some 
world-famous teachers of singing, particularly with 
Madame Lalorde, Calve's teacher. Miss Joseph, always 
known as a finished pianist, has shown her versatility of 
late years by taking rank as a dramatic soprano, and it is 
this latter branch which she intends to perfect. She will 
return to San Francisco the end of August. 



Tea Club 

The Tea Club, organized for the purpose of study- 
ing the authors, meets the second Tuesday of every 
month at the different ladies' homes. A member is 
chosen to read a paper on the biography of an author at 
each meeting. 

A yearly meeting is held where original papers are 
read. The officers for 1902 are: 

Honorary President, Mrs. Sewell Dolliver. 
President, Mrs. E. B. Young. 
Vice-President, Mrs. Peer Tiffany. 
Secretary, Mrs. John C. Hall. 
Treasurer, Mrs. Frank Fredericks. 



Papyrus Club 

Papyrus held its final meeting for the summer on 
Thursday, May 15th, at the home of Mrs. J. M.Moss, 
3645 Washington Street. The first part of the session 
was taken up with humorous reports and unofficial 
tales of the Los Angeles Biennial by Mrs. J. W. Orr, 
Mrs. W. P. Buckingham, Mrs. J. J. Scoville, Miss 
Mabel Craft, Mrs. C. Mason Kinne and Miss Kath- 
erine Ball. The remainder of the afternoon was devoted 
to the witty and amusing stories for which the club is 
gaining a name. 

The first meeting in the fall will be held at the 
home of Mrs. Samuel Backus. 



One of the many valuable Coronation presents 

which the Emperor of Japan will send to the King is a Clubwomen going to the country will find — VELVETA 

pair of silver flower vases, beautifully inlaid with gold. — par excellence, the finest freckle and sunburn pre- 

A friend who has just returned from Japan tells me ventative known. Used instead of powder; cool and 

(writes a London correspondent) that thirty artists have refreshing. Sold by inventor Val Schmidt, southwest 

been engaged for five years on the work. Prince corner Polk and Jackson Streets, San Francisco, and 

Komatsu has left for England with the treasures. everywhere. 



U^ 



ScratcK Club 

The San Francisco Scratch Club, unique in name 
and original in organization, is a society which is the 
result of evolution, rather than of any thought or plan. 
Like all great movements, it grew slowly from unseen 
causes and circumstances, until suddenly it swept into 
prominence and demanded recognition. The astonished 
members awoke one morning to find all of a sudden that 
they belonged to a club, when or why no one could tell. 
But ever since it has flourished in its own peculiar manner 
and given entertainment and amusement to a wide circle. 

The first function of the club, if there was a first 
function, was a studio lunch. It was a real studio lunch, 
the kind that you read about, with all the distinctly Bo- 
hemian accessories, and those present discovered that at 
such an affair there could be helpful discussions of art 
without dryness, wit and humor of the most spontaneous 
kind and real friendship without barriers of formality. 
Other affairs followed this initial one and art was pro- 
moted, friendship cemented and corners rubbed off. 

In the spring of the following year, the entire club, 
then numbering seven, went on a sketching trip to Mon- 
terey, and with the aid oftheirchaperones and color-boxes 
managed to have a profitable and enjoyable time, which 
they unselfishly extended to the inhabitants of Pacific 
Grove and Monterey. Having returned from this trip 
they gave an exhibition of their work in the studio of 
Kate C. Thompson and received deserved praise from the 
public, who, only in a few instances, asked what the pic- 
tures were meant for. 

Other exhibitions were given, and it was a proud 
day when four amateur members of the Scratch Club ex- 
hibited at Hopkins'. (A proud day for Hopkins'.) 

But the most successful exhibition was the caricature 
exhibition, the first and only one of its kind ever given 
in San Francisco. There was a collection of accidental 
ceramics, a "Turn-her," which was a work of art from 
either side, a Peters' moonlight, with a light so real 
(candles, three for a nickel) that it could not be criticized, 
a wet watercolor by Rhoda Holmes Nichols, which was 
not allowed to dry ; the discovery of the " Outskirts of 
San Francisco," by Mrs. Casey's goat ; a ballet girl, a 
calico Harrison, an old master and many other equally 
instructive and intellectual bits, which, to be appreciated, 
would have to be seen. 

In the next two years the club tended to entertain- 
ments rather than exhibitions, and at the last one given, 
for which the long-suffering friends of the members paid 
ten cents apiece, enough money was raised to put the 
club on a financial footing and make it think seriously 
of a clubhouse. The city was ransacked for a suitable 
place, and by a miracle, the most charming and fitting 
location presented itself. Back of Grace Church, amid 
waving trees and potted geraniums, on a broad terrace, 
whose height made the bay, the Berkeley hills and the 
shipping all their own, in one of the oldest and most 
charming houses in San Francisco, the members of the 
Scratch Club sat down and said, " What is a club without 
a home?" In the moonlight, when the garden, the 



terrace and the bay-window and hallway of the club were 
lighted with red lanterns and the members moved about 
in white duck, the guests of the club echoed, " What is a 
club without a home, and where in San Francisco is such 
a clubhome?" and the wind instead of answering mur- 
mured reminiscences of the days of '49, when the water 
came up to Montgomery Street and most of the city was 
a waste of sand, and the editor of the Alta California 
and the elite of San Francisco inhabited moonlit Sophie 
Terrace now unappreciated except by artists. 

At the Annual Jinks of 1901 one of the club mem- 
bers impersonated Sophie, an attractive young lady of 
early days, her tortoise-shell comb, her silk overskirts and 
her old-fashioned jewelry proclaiming her a former in- 
habitant of the terrace, and a most charming one. 

And now a few words about the methods of this 
club which might help other clubs. There is a strict 
rule that no one shall take offense at anything said to her 
by any other member of the club, no matter how true and 
how cutting a remark may be. In this way there is no 
occasion to tear a member to pieces when she is not present, 
as the same remarks may be made when she is, and per- 
haps benefit her, in any case give her a fair opportunity 
to return the favor always with perfect cheerfulness. No 
one can know how comfortable this plan is until it is tried. 
It cancels half the difficulties of women's clubs. 

Art and amusement are the avowed objects of the 
Scratch Club, but many members are talented in other 
directions. At one of the exhibitions the club quartet 
gave Gelett Burgess's " Purple Cow " and " Fingers than 
Toes," set to music by Mrs. B. Mac L. Hardisty, a 
prominent member. The club boasts only two profes- 
sional artists, who hold high offices. Miss Kate Chandler 
Thomson, Chief High Light; Miss Mabel Downing, Fore- 
ground. Every member has an office of some kind. New 
members are added cautiously after two years' probation 
and a severe initiation, and the list is always kept small. 
Lovers of mirth and art, odd places and Bohemian ways, 
people who can sometimes shake off formality and narrow 
customs and forget details, in living for art and nature, 
rather than forget everything for details, these and these 
only can climb the picturesque stairs that lead to the 
Scratch Club abode. 

Lucia B. Thomson, 
Color-Box, San Francisco Scratch Club. 



ACTIVE MEMBERS OF THE SCRATCH CLUB 



Mrs. B. Mac L. Hardisty. 
Mrs. Elliott Goodrich. 
Mrs. Algernon Aspland. 
Mrs. L. Sanborn. 
Mrs. Robert Atkins. 
Miss Kate C. Thomson. 
Miss Mabel Downing. 
Miss Daisy Kittredge. 
Miss Jean Beach. 
Miss Stella Austin. 
Miss Lucia B. Thomson. 




«3] 



MRS. M. fr. DENVER, Profruur 



0. TELEPHONE MAIN 583 

fe The Hotel Bella Vista 

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San Francisco . . . 

FRENCH COOICING 



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The Nordhoft 



S. HUTCHISON 



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Near Taylor . . San Francisco 



F. A. Swain 



Eitablisbcd 1S56 



THE ORIGINAL 

Swain^s Bakery and Restaurant 

Telephone Grant ji 

No. 21 J Sutler Street^ San Francisco^ CaL 



Buchanan Bros. 



WHOLESALE AND RETAIL 
BRUSH MANUFACTURERS 



The largest assortment of Brushes on the Pacific Coast 
Price, 2^ per cent lower than any other house in our line 



Phone Main 5610 



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IMMEDIATE SERVICE 



S. E. Corner Polk and California Streets, San Francisco 



Telephone East 378 



Select Boarding Especially 



M. Conlon 

CENTENNIAL STABLES 

1521-25 California Street 

Between Larkin and Polk 



Rubber-tired Broughams and Coaches, Victorias, Six-Seaters, and 
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Telephone Scott 203 



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Plumbing, Gas and Steam Fitting, 



2403 California Street, San Francisco 

Jobbing Protnpth' Atteiidod to 



Telephone East 431 



Established 1S70 



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L ^ High-Oradc Tamales and Oyster Loaves 

Telephone Oyster Co. ■■■■1443 Poll< Street 



CLUBWOMEN i 

will be interested in knowing that when they are using I 

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Telephone South 697 



Vienna Model Bakery and Cafe 

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Special attention given ladies ^I'ss M. E. Lcary J 

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Office, 207 Hearst Building, San Francisco 



[H 



City Noises vs. HealtK, Comfort and Longevity 



BY W. F. McNUTT, M. D. 



Heretofore the great measures for the betterment 
of mankind, political and social, have been man's work 
— the Lords of Creation have been the legislators. His 
voice only has been heard in the legislative halls; all 
organizations have been his ; social clubs have been for 
him — woman had to do her gossiping at home. 

The handwriting is on the wall — woman is to take 
her part in the world's work. Woman is beginning to 
form social organizations, which are to be factors in the 
civilization of the 20th century. 

Cities have come to stay. The country has no 
longer the attraction for its young men and women that 
it has had — people are crowding to the cities. How to 
make city life less distracting, more healthy, more endur- 
able, more enjoyable, are certainly subjects worthy the 
consideration of a woman's club. 

While man is insanely intent upon organizing trusts, 
forming combinations to amass wealth, making the earth, 
the air and the sea contribute to his fortune, taming the 
great forces of Nature, struggling for political supremacy, 
seeking new worlds to conquer — may not woman take 
up the matter of lessening the many useless and unnec- 
essary city noises, so conducive to ill health, nervous 
exhaustion, brain fatigue, and the misery of city life. 
Overexertion by constant stimulation soon deranges or- 
ganic functions and produces disease. 

Rest, repose, quiet can be attained for the eye by 
shutting out the light; for the tongue by keeping the 
mouth shut; for the digestive organs by refraining from 
food or drink. But rest for the ear is difficult to procure 
in an American city. The ear is always on duty, ever 
ready to transmit messages to the brain, whether ex- 
hausted, asleep or awake. Undisturbed rest is Nature's 
sovereign prophylactic against disease. 

While we have no apparatus for measuring the exact 
amount of brain-fag, nervous exhaustion and consequent 
functional derangement to the different organs of the 
body by the unnecessary and useless noises and miseries 
of city life, it is not hard to trace the result back to its 
cause. Health and long life without rest is impossible. 

Our dear old Puritan fathers had their devil, who 
roamed up and down the world seeking whom he might 
devour. And the good old Puritan ministers, assisted 
by the Puritan mothers of their congregation, had many 
a struggle to keep him out of the sheepfold. But times 
and circumstances change. In our modern cities every 
butcher, every baker and every milkman has his devil, 
who rattles over every street in the early morning hours 
seeking whose rest he can destroy. Every street car 



crossing has its devil, who plays the devil with every- 
body's rest within the radius of the block. Of course 
it's not the Puritan devil that gets into the church belfry 
and starts the big bell, shaking up our exhausted nerves 
at six o'clock in the morning. We feel sure that the 
belfry would be the last place to which the Puritan devil 
would betake himself. 

If the city women in their organized clubs would 
combine and boycott the butcher, the baker and the 
milkman who refused to provide his devil with a rubber- 
tired cart, they would soon rid the city of a useless and 
unnecessary noise and confer a boon upon long-suffering 
humanity. 

Street car crossings can and should be made less 
noisy. Probably paper wheels would lessen a great deal 
of the noise of the trolley car. Probably aluminum rails 
tor the crossings would greatly lessen the nerve-distract- 
ing noises. 

In European cities omnibuses and street cars are 
not continually clanging and ringing bells, and yet they 
kill no more people on their streets than we do. 
Transport oneself from London to New York, and one 
is amazed at the difference, at the noise and uproar to 
which the American people submit without protest. 

From a purely esthetic standpoint, many of the city 
noises should be abolished, and from a hygienic and 
physiological standpoint they are a source of diseases and 
misery, and hence maintained at a great economic loss to 
the municipality. 

Oh, for a Venice, where hideous night noises are 
unknown, where we could rest after the day's conflict, — 
" Sleepe after toyle" and live to a good old age ! 



You "Will Never be Sorry 

For your faith in humanity. 
For hearing before judging. 
For being candid and frank. 
For thinking before speaking. 
For discounting the tale-bearer. 
For standing by your principles. 
For stopping your ears to gossip. 
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Tiie children were discussing the ages of different 
members of the family. The three-year-old listened at- 
tentively, and then innocently remarked, "I'm awful 
new." 

"Children," said Aunt Mary, "you have a new- 
little brother. He came this morning while you were 
asleep." "Did he?" exclaimed the eldest. "Then I 
know who brought him." "Who was it?" asked Aunt 
Mary. "Why, the milkman, of course. I saw it on 
his cart, 'Families supplied daily.' " 

What do we live for if it is not to make life less 
difficult to each other? — George Eliot. 

To work with all one's heart, but with all single- , 

ness of heart, is the right thing, and whoso does ' 

this may feel satisfied, whatever the results of his labors ^ 
may be. 

Trifles are trifles only to triflers. To ignore trifles j 
is to be ignorant of the spot where decisions are made ; 
and destinies determined. "i 

Thoroughness is one of the priceless qualities of j 
character and work. 

T-wo l^ittle Boots 

BY PAUL LAURENCE DUNBAR 
(The Colored Poet) 

Two little boots all roagh an' wo', 

Dem little boots! 
Laws, I's kissed 'em times befo', 

Dese little boots! 
Seems de toes a-peepin' thoo 
Dis hyah hole an' sayin' "Boo! " 
Evah time dey look at you — 

Dese little boots! 

Membah de time he put 'em on, 

Dese little boots; 
Riz an' called f"u' 'em by dawn, 

Dese little boots; 
Den he tromped de livelong day, 
Laffin' in his happy way, 
Evahthing he had to say, 

" My little boots! " 

Ust to make the ol' cat cry, 

Dese little boots; 
Den you walked it mighty high. 

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Somehow, you don' seem so gay, 

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Sence yo' ownah went erway, 

Po' little boots! 
Yo' bright tops don' look so red, 
Dese brass tips is dull an' dead; 
" Goo' -by," whut de baby said; 

Dear little boots! 



Ain't you kin' o' sad yo'se'f, 

You little boots ? 
Dis is all his mammy's let'. 

Two little boots. 
Sence huh baby's gone an' died, 
Heav'n itse't'hit seem to hide 
Des a little bit inside 

Two little boots. 

San Francisco Blue BooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1902-1903, 
contains names, addresses and officers of the leading 
Women's Clubs. Address all changes, etc., to Charles 
C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 



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Contents 

Paul Jones and the Flag — Marion Howard Brazier . 1,3 

The Teachings of Women's Clubs — Bessie Tracy Smith 3 

The Corona Club ....... 4 

Studio Reception ....... 4 

The Wimodausis Club ...... 4 

Miss Hamlin's School and Van Ness Seminary . . 4 

California International Sunshine Society — Mabel Adams 

Ayer 5,7 

Artists in Town ....... 7 

A Norwegian Wedding — Mrs. Emily W. North . 8, 9 

The Guru — Sacia Van R. Mace . . . 11, 12 

From Port to Port — Poem — Augusta Raymond Kidder 1 1 

Subscription Notice . . . . . . I2 

Robert Browning — Mrs. Ralph C. Harrison . . 13 

The Care of the Eyes in Normal Health — Gardner 

Perry Pond, M. D 15 

Book Reviews . . . . . . . .16 



Entry as Second-class Matter Applied fot 



Club Life 



V^ol. 1. 



JULY, 1902 



No. 3, 



Paul Jones and tKe Flag' 

BY MARION HOWARD BRAZIER OF BOSTON 

[Paper read before the Chapter La Puerta del Oro, D. A. R., in Century Hall, S. F.] 





Charles Dickens says, "Altogether too many 

people look at everything seeing nothing." 

There are individuals who look upon our 

beloved banner as a mere piece of bunting. 

It has no meaning to them other than a bit 

of color on the landscape. A woman said 

to me during the war with Spain, "What 

fuss you make about a bit of bunting ! " As the 

laughter of a color-bearer in the war for the Union you 

an imagine my reply, which was more forceful than 

legant. 

Edward Everett Hale, who is eighty years young., 
/rote in 1863 " A Man Without a Country." He dedi- 
jated it to the boys and girls of the United States. 
N\iy ? Because between its covers it teaches the first 
esson in patriotism — love of the flag. You all know 
he contents of this little book, its wonderfully told story 
if the young man who cursed his country, who ex- 
iressed the wish he might never hear of the United 
States again and was in consequence condemned to spend 
lis future life upon the high seas, never more to hear the 
lame of his country. From that moment until the day 
if his death, fifty-six years later, he was a man without 
country, never but once hearing its name. During his 
areer on shipboard he once addressed a boy thus : 
' For your country, boy, and for that flag, never dream 
dream but of serving her. No matter what happens 
o you, no matter who flatters you, who abuses you, 
[lever let a night pass but you pray God to bless that 
Hag. Stand by her as you would by your mother." 
Then he added, pathetically, " Oh, if any one had said 
uch things to me when I was your age ! " 

At all times and in all places the American flag is 
ver an object lesson. Its stripes represent thirteen 
truggling, suffering and finally conquering colonies, 
rhe red speaks of the blood shed to achieve liberty and 
independence, the white indicates the purity of the souls 
if the men and the women of those self-sacrificing days, 
he blue field speaks eloquently of the skies and the 
ublime faith in God's infinite mercy, the constellation 
if stars tells the story of a great nation, growing steadily, 
ike a happy family, each newcomer sharing alike with 
he older members. 

Even in these matter-of-fact days the world is ruled 
)y sentiment. Why otherwise should an American's 
'leart instinctively swell at sight of a rectangular piece of 
lunting, colored in red and white, with a blue corner 
lotted with stars? Why should this symbol be a sacred 
hing that many thousands of men have lived and died 
or? Tou know why. The American flag carries upon 
ts face the symbolic representation of a federated repub- 
ic, and of its history from the time it was a weak aggre- 
;ation of thirteen colonies on the Atlantic Coast to its 



present magnificent union of forty-five great common- 
wealths, stretching from shore to shore, from Canada 
to the Gulf, " one country, one language, one flag." 
Surely our forefathers builded better than they knew ! 

The American flag and our national airs deserve 
better of our people. The King of England set a noble 
example in rising when the first note of " Star-spangled 
Banner" was played by the American March King, 
Sousa, in the royal presence. Each child should be 
taught to rise when our national anthem is sung, each 
boy should doff his hat and each girl should remind the 
boys to do so whenever the stars and stripes go by, 
especially when carried by the G. A. R. or Spanish war 
veterans. In England this respect is shown and in other 
lands. Why not in our own? There is great work for 
the D. A. R. in agitating a national flag law for flag pro- 
tection ; many States have such a law, but the United 
States Congress is moving too slowly in this matter. 

There is no reason for Americans to be supersti- 
tious about the number thirteen. Thirteen is written all 
over our country. First there were thirteen colonies; 
then the first flag had thirteen stars and thirteen stripes. 
" Revolutionary," which tells of the greatest war, has 
thirteen letters in it; so has E Pluribus Unum and 
"American Eagle," our motto and our emblem. Now 
take the quarter of a dollar; there are thirteen stars over 
the head of Liberty, thirteen leaves in the olive branch 
held by the eagle, thirteen thunderbolts in his talons, 
thirteen bars on the shield, thirteen feathers in each 
wing and thirteen letters make "quarter dollar." Perry's 
great naval battle was fought in 18 13, and resulted in 
the writing of the "Star-spangled Banner." John Paul 
Jones had thirteen letters in his name, and was thirteen 
when he came to America; he carried the first flag of 
thirteen stars to victory. The first fleet ordered by the 
American Government consisted of thirteen vessels. 

I wish to say a word concerning Paul Jones, a much 
maligned hero of the Revolutionary War, the founder 
of the American navy, the man whose bones repose 
somewhere in French soil, whose memory has not been 
honored by the United States Government in any sort of 
a memorial to his memory. In all this broad land 
of ours there is no monument, tablet, bust or portrait 
(of any importance) of this splendid young man who 
came to America, settled in Virginia and who carried the 
first official stars and stripes to victory on the high seas 
— the first flag saluted by a foreign power after the sur- 
render of Yorktown. There is no name more lastingly 
engraved on the portals of the temple of American 
liberty than Paul Jones, citizen, patriot, hero. My story 
of how he added Jones to his name, of his acquisition of 
plantation in Virginia may be known to all. At this 
time he was thirty years of age, seventeen years of which 







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lad been passed on the high seas, during which time he 
lad visited all ports. He spent every penny of his 
;arnings in the purchase of books and every spare 
noment in devouring them. He became the master of 
hree languages. It was during his cruises — sometimes 
railed by British biographers and others " piratical 
rruises" — that "Richard Carvel" introduces him to us so 
.-leverly. Mr. Augustus C. Buell of New York has 
vritten presumably the best and most authentic book on 
Paul Jones, and it is to Mr. Buell I am personally 
ndebted for facts embodied in my talk on Paul Jones 
vhich I have perpetrated already in your State. Refer- 
■ing to California it is with rejoicing I learn that the 
society of American Wars, in this city, is to erect a flag- 
Dole on a pedestal of bronze in honor of Paul Jones, 
md I trust the D. A. R. will identify itself in this 
novement, aiding in every way to do him honor. It has 
jcen my privilege to secure the consent of the City 
jovernment of Boston to name the next new school- 
louse "Paul Jones"; we already have one amid the 
breign settlement named " Paul Revere,'' a magnificent 
luilding, the walls of which are adorned with flags, steel 
mgravings, busts, portraits, etc., placed there by the four 
Revolutionary societies and all applying to Americati 
ife and history. 

Paul Jones Chapter will present the flags to the new 
;chool and will conduct the exercises when the building 
s dedicated. Paul Jones was a foreigner, a Scotchman, 
he son of a gardener, but he soon assimilated American 
deas ; and when he heard the shot fired in Massachusetts 
le went to Washington immediately and oflfered his ser- 
vices. His career was brilliant, dashing, and his loyalty 
anquestioned. 

On June 14, 1777, Congress adopted our present 
;mblem — our beloved stars and stripes, the flag first 
;hown to Washington by Betsy Ross, who made it and 
vho designed the five-pointed star. You all know the 
;tory of Betsy Ross, the flag and the little house now 
itanding in Philadelphia where she and the flag were 
)orn (but that is another story). Now, in that famous 
esolution was one ordering Paul Jones to command the 
'Ranger." Here are the resolutions: — 

I "Resolved, That the flag of the thirteen United 
kates be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white ; that 
he Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, repre- 
enting a new constellation. 

"Resolved, That Capt. Paul Jones be appointed to 
rommand the ship ' Ranger.' " 

The career of Paul Jones was unique in many 
hings, though in none so completely and it may be said 
;o marvelously as in this direct and imperishable asso- 
:iation of his name and his fame with the birth of the 
\merican flag. Whether this remarkable coincidence 
vas intentional or not on the part of Congress, Jones 
limself accepted it as his talisman. 

Long afterwards, when asked whether in the most 
iwful crisis of his most savage battle the thought of 
urrender occurred to him, he calmly answered : " No ; 
hat flag and I were twins. It was decreed by Congress 
n the same resolution that appointed me to command 
he 'Ranger' and in that ship I first flung its folds to 
he breeze. How could I be the first to strike it? No, 
had always been fully resolved that wherever I might 
nd a grave on sea or land that flag should never be 
ower than half-mast over me!" 

This sentiment coupled with the natural stubborn- 
less and innate nerve of the man may have been the 
:ecret of the excessive and unheard of desperation he 
ifterwards displayed. It is certain that he, to the utmost. 



appreciated the honor, valued the distinction and com- A^Pj 

prehended the rare immortality that his personal associa- ^ . 

tlon with the origin of the American flag must inevitably iSX\ 
shed upon his name. 



THe TeacHin^s of Women's Clubs 

BY BESSIE TRACY SMITH 

How often are women's clubs scofi^ed at! But thank 
goodness the scofl^ers are mostly men who know nothing 
of the good culled from these organizations. I heard 
not long ago a man say : " No, my wife does not belong 
to a club; she has too much good sense to join one; she 
prefers devoting her time to her home and family." 
Poor, deluded man ! It never came under the range of 
his small bump of mentality that his wife might belong 
to a club and still not neglect her home or family, but 
on the other hand would help make her home brighter 
by her Ideas being broadened by coming In contact and 
listening to women of greater intelligence, of which the 
majority of women's clubs nowadays are composed. 

A woman is not compelled to live at her club, and 
no woman's club that I am aware of holds night ses- 
sions, supports a sideboard or conducts a poker game. 
A woman is only asked to attend her club once a week, 
and many only attend once a month. (There are a few 
exceptions, as there are to every rule under the sun, and 
some few women get the club habit and foolishly allow 
it to grow and in some very few cases neglect their 
homes ; these, as I say, are very few, but unfortunately 
the scofi^ers take them as examples of all clubwomen.) 

The advantages of women's clubs to women are 
exceedingly numerous. Suppose, for Instance, a woman 
has become rusty on history. Very few of us after we 
have left our school days a long way back care to sit 
down and study alone. A history club can be joined, 
where one will meet say thirty women of the most in- 
telligent order, and for two afternoons of each week for 
six months one can listen to papers of the most Intelli- 
gent minds, and at their annual entertainments the 
brainiest of lecturers from the country whose history 
they have been studying will give an interesting talk on 
his country. The same way art, music and the poets 
can be studied, or if one wishes to cultivate original 
Ideas, there are clubs which are devoted to telling and 
writing papers and original stories. If inclined to be 
morbid, a club can be joined where only funny and witty 
things are said and where one can dispel the darkest fit 
of the blues. If you wish to stand on an equal footing 
with — as a woman expressed him, — "the greater edi- 
tion " man, you can join a club that will help you to 
that aim. If you have come from the good old stock of 
the early pioneers, their descendants have organizations 
which are delightfully instructive in regard to the early 
history of this our State. Or are you from Revolu- 
tionary stock, — then join the D. A. R., and I assure you 
the reverence for our glorious flag and patriotism for our 
country taught by these noble women will elevate you. 
On the other hand, if of Southern birth, the Daughters 
of the Confederacy will teach you to revere the memory 
of the brave men who fought for their side. Of social 
clubs there are many, whist and euchre clubs, and lately 
a billiard club for women has been organized. There 
are numerous charitable organizations with good women 
at their heads, scattering sunshine and making the road 
less weary for the unfortunates of this world. 

This all goes to prove that by being a clubwoman 
you leave the narrow rut into which one Is inclined to 
drift. 



3] 




!TKe Corona Club 

The Corona Club held its annual breakfast at its 
last meeting in Mission Masonic Temple the 29th of 
May, 175 members enjoying it together. The decora- 
tions were white and green, and the banquet room was a 
bower of beauty. Mrs. Annie Little Barry, the retiring 
President, gave greetings, and Mrs. W. H. Cobb pre- 
sided as toastmistress. The following ladies gave toasts : 

GREETING 

Mr J. Antiie Little Barry, 
*' Those who would make us feel must feel themselves.'* 

TOASTS 

" Books cannot please, however good j Minds are not ever craving for their food." 

Toastmistress 
Mrs. W. H. Cobb 

Our Officers . - . . Mn. F. A. McLaughlin 

*' To know, to esteem, to love." 
Our Members ----- Mn. E. G. Denriiston 

** By uniting we stand, by dividing we fall." 

Our Critics . . . . . Mrs. Elizabeth Peltrel 

'* ' Tis with our watches as our judgment, none 
Go just alike, yet each believes his own." 

Our Friends ----- - Mrs. S. Duncan 

** There is no more sure tic between friends than when they are united in 
their objects and wishes." 

Visions -....- Mrs. Robert Wallace 

*' We are such stuff 

As dreams are made of, and'our little life is rounded with a sleep." 

Realities Mrs. L. R. Tut tie 

** Life is real. Life is earnest." 
Opportunity - ... - Mrs. E. I. Robinson 

** who seeks, and will not take, when once 'tis offered. 
Shall never find it more." 

California --...- £)r. Flora McDonald 
** California, the gem of the ocean ! 
Dear land by the blue Western sea. 
We pledge thee our life's high devotion." 

The Mission of Culture . - - - Mrs. Harold Seager 

'* * Tis education forms the common mind." 
Finis Coronat Opus . - - - Mrs. Frank Dalton 

" A merry heart goes all the day. 

Your sad tires in a mile-a." 

After the breakfast the annual reports were pre- 
sented with the history of the year, the treasurer's 
report showing receipts amounting to $1,689.03. The 
incoming officers are : 

President, Mrs. E. G. Denniston. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. Robt. McLellan. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. L. R. Tuttle. 

Recording Secretary, Miss Helen Bryant. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Will Dalton. 

Treasurer, Mrs. W. C. Doane. 

Directors — Mrs. Frank Dalton, Mrs. H. W^. 
Stevens, Mrs. Frank Bullock, Mrs. M. F. Fredericks, 
Mrs. Robt. Wallace. 

The club has had a delightful year of study, taking 
up largely topics of science. 

Jennie Partridge, Historian. 

Studio Reception 

Fifty guests responded to the invitations issued for 
an afternoon given by Mrs. M. E. Perley and Mrs. 
Thomas Church, Saturday, June 7th, to meet Miss Sara 
Hood Safford of New York City. 

These two charming hostesses received their friends 
in the most cordial manner, dispelling at once the stiff- 



ness which sometimes permeates these social functions. 
Mrs. Perley's studio was most artistically decorated 
and the flowers in combination with the exquisite keramic 
works of art made the scene most pleasing. Before 
leaving, the guests were served with the daintiest of 
refreshments. 



TKe "Wimodausis Club 

The Wimodausis Club, organized five years ago ' 
for home study and literary culture, with a membership 
limited to twenty-five active members and five associate 
members, has just completed a most successful year's 
work under the leadership of Mrs. Ramon E. Wilson. 

The work of the past season has been a study of 
the history of India, one meeting of each month being 
devoted to a lecture on the subject by Mrs. Wilson, 
while on the alternate meetings two or three of the mem- 
bers, with their individual papers, would give the club 
the benefit of their study along the lines of the topic 
assigned them. 

The club held its annual reception May 29th. At 
its last meeting the following officers were re-elected for 
the ensuing year: 

President, Mrs. F. B. Carpenter. 

Vice-President, Mrs. H. J. Summerhayes. 

Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. Wm. E. Dennison. 

Assistant Secretary, Mrs. W. G. Growell. 

General Committee — Mrs. G. H. Bailey, Mrs. J. 
B. Fuller, Mrs. S. Miller. 

Miss Hamlin's ScKool and Van Ness 
Seminary 

The annual prospectus of Miss Hamlin's School 
and Van Ness Seminary has just come to hand and can 
be seen on the table of our Club Life office. The 
booklet is gotten up in a style in keeping with the high 
grade of the school, which is endorsed by all clubwomen 
as being the best here. 

Parents and guardians will see at a glance, in its \ 
pages, all the information required for entering a new 
student. 

The latest graduates are : 

Miss Esther Lea Heger. 

Miss Kate Herrin. 

Miss Hazel Genevieve Montgomery. 

Miss Marie Louise Weldon, San Francisco. 

Miss Margaret Morey, Santa Cruz. 

The dust and dirt flying around the city during the 
day, blinding man and beast, is a crying evil which could 
be obviated by a rigid form of street cleaning performed 
during the small hours of the morning, as is successfully 
carried out in Europe. 

The many new buildings, too, in course of erection 
at the present moment, aggravate the evil, causing great 
discomfort to pedestrians. Watering carts are not plen- 
tiful enough in the streets to allay this nuisance. In- 
stead, we encounter the dustman and his cart at every 
point, picking out and rearranging the debris at his lei- 
sure. The regulation cover of his cart, instead of accom- 
plishing its original design, serves as a fan for flapping 
dirt of the very worst kind in our faces. 



[4 



California International SunsHine Society 



By MABEL ADAMS AVER, State President 
STATE COLOR, ROSE PINK 



ceu6 

Me 




Have you had a kindness shown ? 

Pass it on. 
'Twas not given for you alone — 

Pass it on. 
Let it travel down the years. 

Let it wipe another's tears. 
Till in heaven the deed appears. 

Pass it on. 



This is the motto of the International Sunshine 
ociety, which is not a charity but an interchange of 
indly greetings, and the passing on of " good cheer." 

Its history is altogether interesting, and came about 
1 this way: Several years ago Mrs. Westover Alden of 
Jew York, the founder and president-general of the 
Dciety, gathered about her a small circle of friends with 
le idea of passing on the numberless Christmas cards 
nd souvenirs which come to one each year, and of which 
early every one has a large collection. This was not 
ith any lack of appreciation of the gift or the giver; on 
le contrary, it was the desire to share with others the 
leasure which had been felt by the kindly thought, and 
> pass on this good cheer where it might brighten some 
reary life. 

Six cards were first sent and found their way into as 
lany homes. One card was sent to a dear old man in 
'olorado, who quickly caught the spirit of the gift and 
Dpying the verses sent the card to a friend, who in turn 
assed it on, and this card alone made six journeyings 
lat Christmastide. The ladies found so much pleasure 
tid satisfaction in this experiment that they decided to 
Dntinue the work during the year, A small society was 
)rmed, the local papers began to notice the work, which 
rew rapidly, and finally the International Sunshine So- 
lety was incorporated in February, 1900. So, from this 
lere thought of giving pleasure to a few, has grown this 
onderful society, now international in character, with 
,000 well-organized branches, over 100,000 members, 
id over 200 newspapers giving regular space to the 
■ ork. Of course, the work has meant much more than 
le mere passing on of souvenirs. It has grown to be a 
ractical, helpful and powerful organization. On the 
3d of March a I3 5,000 Home for Aged Men was 
pened in Tennessee. Yet, also, it is a society where the 
Tiallest action is considered as well as the most generous 
ift of money. The object, as set forth in the Constitu- 
on, is : " To incite its members to the performance of 
ind and helpful deeds, and thus to bring happiness into 
le greatest number of hearts and homes. The member- 
lip fees shall consist of some act or suggestion that will 
irry sunshine where it is needed." 

The International colors are yellow and white, their 
ower the coreopsis. 

Some two years ago this work was first begun in 
ialifornia. But little was known of the society then, 
nd like all work in new fields there were trials and dis- 
- ouragements and difficulties to be overcome. Happily 
ley were overcome, and the society has grown and 
ourished, and now it bids fair to become one of the 
,. :;rongest powers in our beautiful State. 

Reports from the different branches show how much 
•. i being accomplished. Everything is reported, from the 
;, 'riting of a friendly letter, or the passing on of a lovely 
j ower, to the larger and broader work of the organized 
.. ranches. Some have thought it a waste of time to con- 
.; ider these slight actions of importance. Ruskin says : 
Do not think it wasted time to submit yourself to any 



influence which may bring upon you any noble feeling." 
Strongest characters are sometimes developed from the 
slightest actions. 

The junior branches are not to be passed over lightly. 
They are doing beautiful work. The influence of Sun- 
shineupon the children is sweet and wholesome. It teaches 
them to be cheerful and happy and thoughtful of others. 
The reports from the little ones are sometimes amusing, 
and always interesting. One small child asks if she may 
become a member by " doing things for others which she 
doesn't like to do." This reminds one of the little maid 
who defined duty as " the thing you don't want to do, 
but you know you ought." Possibly some older ones 
might find a thought in this for themselves. 

The children of the Golden Corner Branch in Los 
Angeles — there are thirty-five of them — recently gave 
an entertainment, the proceeds of which support a bed 
in the Bethlehem Institute. They have also sent flowers, 
provisions and books to invalids and to hospitals, and 
are planning always the little things to make some one 
happy. There is a busy little band of workers in Berke- 
ley, another in Corning, and, in fact, you will find them 
almost everywhere. A recently organized branch in 
Santa Barbara is doing active work, and there is promise 
of a most delightful club to be formed in San Francisco 
next September. 

We hope some day to establish regular summer 
outings for children. This idea was started last April 
when the members at Penryn, Placer County, paid their 
dues by taking children into their homes and giving them 
a delightful time for two weeks. The children returned 
home so rosy and happy that we hoped to repeat this 
experiment again this year, but unfortunately owing to 
much sickness it had to be postponed. This branch, 
however, entertained a young woman who is studying to 
become a nurse, and who was sadly in need of the country 
air and rest to enable her to continue her work. 

The first local branch to be formed was the Alden 
Club, named in honor of the president-general. This 
club of young women held its first meeting on the 29th 
of April, 1 90 1. The record for the past year shows that 
much good has been accomplished. Just at present the 
members are making regular visits to the Home for In- 
curables, and have planned a little entertainment for them 
in the near future. There is no more deserving charity 
in this city, and the members have derived fully as much 
pleasure as they have given by their cheering visits to 
these lonely people. The Alden Club is to hold a bag 
sale and blind auction soon after the summer vacation, 
the proceeds to be devoted to State work. Bags of all 
kinds and descriptions will be sold, and already there 
have been some kind offers of help in making the bags. 

There is another club just organized here — the U. 
T. D. Club — composed also of young women; and then, 
in contrast, we have the University Mound Club, where 
the members are inmates of the Old Ladies' Home. In 
fact, there is every age and condition of life represented 
in our work. 

Perhaps the very best work that has been done this 
past year was that in aid of the Indians. It is truly piti- 
ful the condition of these people, and surely our Gov- 
ernment will never be so cruel as to turn them from their 
homes. Mr. Lummis is doing everything in his power 
to help them, and if any one can succeed he will. 

In a letter Mrs. Mary Watkins, who is in charge of 
the school at Mesa Grande, says : 



5] 



Telephone Folsom 424 



/C^O a ^'' *"'^ Workmanship Guaranteed 

^ife Goldman.... 

Ladies' Tailor 



1462 Market Street 

Opposite Central Theater 







for 

women 




PERFECTION OF THE 
SHIRTMAKE RS' ART 


S TA N D AR D 


SHIRTS 


ASK YOUR DEALER 




Staniels <£^ Devlin 

Ladies High-Grade Shirt Waists 'to Order 
JIJ Sutter Street, San Franchco 

Ttltfhont Eait 1j8 

Mechini & Corrieri 

Manufacturers of Fine Art Statuary; Models, Busts and Moulds cast 
for schools of design 

616 Post Street, bet. Taylor and Jones Sts., S. F. 

Telephone Jamei 4471 

._. The Waldorf Hair Parlors 

MISS D. HONIG 

241-Z43 Geary Street, San Francisco 
French Hiir Goods, Fine Shell Goodi, Cosmetics, Perfumery, Hair Dressing, Chi- 
ropodist, Manicuring, Facial Work; Wig Making a Specialty 



La Grande Laundry 

Telephone Bush 12 
Principal Office : 

23 Powell Street, cor. Ellis Street, San Francisco 

VIAVl has been manufactured for over fifteen years. It 
cured hundreds of ailing women in its first year and has cured 
thousands of sufferers every year since. Booklet for mothers 
and daughters mailed free. 

THE VIAVI COMPANY 

1304-6-8 Van Ness Ave., San Francisco. Phone Cast 282 

Mme. Ferrao, Mme. Plegat & Co. •'^^,.P^^f/c;,^„^f„'•-|!^^» 

FRENCH LAUNDRY Laces,Lace Curtains, and Ladies' and Gents' 
Telephone La»t 131 Underclothes done up in the best style 

Hand Dry-Cleaning and Steaming Works 

The Finest Dresses, Laces, Curtains, Draperies 1 92? Polk Street 
Feathers, Boas, etc., CLF.ANED LIKE NEW Near Picific Ave. San Francisco 
Mbs. J. DORA K 1 R C » N K R Phong l.arkin 4011 

SLEEP ON VELVET : ^^°" Haynes Elastic Lint Beds 

. , are a wonder. : Try one for thirty days 

C. R. DALTON, Sole Agtni . . . 628 Valencia St. . . . San Francisco 

DR. OSCAR L. GRUGGEL, Chiropodist 




Hours : 9 to 5;.10 



14A Geary Street, San Francisco 



Telephone Black mi 



A. GADNER *** 

VIENNA LADIES' AND MERCHANT TAILOR 



Telephone Scott 175 
First<cUii Ret'crencct 



Bet. PiDc and California 



Z012 Fillmore Street 



SAN FRANCISCO 



what you wear 



Next to your skin should be a question of moment to you. You can't enjoy life clat 

in a suit of underwear that sticks, itches and makes you feel uncomfortable. 

It can all be remedied by wearing PJiiter^s Form-faihioned Underwear. 

LINEN, LISLE, SILK OR WOOL 

Your choice of fabrics. The price will not irritate, either 




NGCO. 



Our Bathing Suits for 1902 
are now ready, and our assort- 
ment the largest on the Coast 



60 Geary Streei 



San Francisco 



I gROMO 



HEADACHES 



J GOOD BRACER when troublec 
with Headaches or that Tired Feelinj 

^"^ SEASICKNESS 
NERVOUSNESS 
NEURALGIA 

NERVOUS DYSPEPSIA 

Price, to cts., 25 cts., 50 cts. and $1.00 Bottle 
SOLD EVERYWHERE 



R. Bujannoff 



Designer and manufacturer of 

FINE JEWELR"Y 




KOSAI : Japanese Artist 



57 



VISITORS CORDIALLY INVITED 
TO INSPECT SHOWROOMS 

1 SUTTER STREET San Francisco, Cal 



Main Store, Yokotiama, Japan 



Phone Black 155! 



T. Shibata 



Direct Importer and 
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 



Japanese Fancy Goods and Old Curios 

336 Kearny Street, bet. Bush and Pine, San Francisco, Cal. 



Main Officei, Kioto and Yokohama, Japan 



Telephone Red 42|. 



'7~'Z. ^ A * ^^'^ ^°" ^"'^"' "^'vf Gram Avt. 

1 U6 Jl-SUut San Franchco 

Japanese Embroidery and Drawn Work a Specialty. Japanese Curios and Art Goo4 

Antique and Modern; Hand Paintings in Water-colors 

Valuable Collection of Old Prints 



rr^t XT" I- * 119 Post St., aboveGnuwAw. 

1 ne Yamanasni san prandsco, cai 

Antique and New Japanese Curios and Fine Art Blue Ware, 

Bronze, Porcelain, Satsuma, Lacquer Ware, Cloissonne, Brass Ware, 
Telephone Red 4t8i Old Brocade, Prints, Embroidery and Drawn Work, Etc. 



CHY LUNG & CO. 



Established 1850 



Direct Importers of Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods. All Varieties 
of Silks and Grass Cloth, and Every Kind of Choice Oriental Curios 

640 Sacramento St., San Francisco, Cal. 



rUNG HAl & CO. ''""^mm 

CKinese and Japottese Curiosities, Bronies, Ivorie: 
5'ilK and Crepe Dre55 Potterns,HQndKerchief5,etc 

415 KEARNY ST. BET. PINCANOCAL. S.T. CAL. 



Direct Importer of J.ipancse Embroideries 
Our Tea Room now open. Come and see us 

217 Geary St., San Francisco, next door la Piacvck Cafe Tel. Browa 108 



The Hinomoto 



[« I 



" If the people of San Francisco saw what I must 
ic every day, they would rise up in most vehement pro- 
istations against the wrongs or misfortunes of a people, 
ust think of old, helpless men and women living in huts 
ot fit for the very dogs, and the pitiful, never-ending 
druggie for food. The young people can go away to 
nd work, but the old ones are left. * * * Yet, 
irough all the poverty, the bitter struggle, they have 
ept their sweet nature, a beautiful dignity and courtesy 
lat we find only among the cultured. It is, indeed, a 
luse of wonder to all who visit them. The rags and 
mpty stomachs do not destroy the self-respect inherent 
1 these heirs to the grandest estate. * * * The 
Sunshiners' are, indeed, making my path easier, and 
ispelling many shadows." 

Since the receipt of this letter conditions have im- 
roved a little. To the Escondido Branch of California 
unshine the largest credit is due for timely aid, and also 
50 pounds of food and clothing were sent from San 
"rancisco. At Volcan and Inyaja the Indians were also 
ided by the society. In February it was reported that, 
Ithough the snow was a foot deep, the little girls had no 
lothing but thin calico slips — no proper underclothing, 
;orshoes, nor anything. Pictures accompanied this letter. 
From Warner's Ranch Mrs. Babbits wrote that the 
ndians had always been self-supporting, are a peaceful, 
idustrious, home-loving people, and if the Government 
urns them away from their homes they will surely die. 
From the reservation at Manchester the Indians 
I ere ordered to " move on," but had no where to go. 
lappily the people of San Jose raised money enough to 
urchase forty acres of land, and Miss Brown, the 
tacher, writes that they are now comfortable and happy 
1 their new homes. 

All this is but'a small part of what Sunshine is doing, 
ut it will serve to show the possibilities of the work, 
"omplete news of the different States is published monthly 
1 the Sunshine Bulletin, edited by Mrs. Alden, and the 
'ali/ornia Clubwoman is the official organ for California, 
"hrough the pages of Club Life the State work is pre- 
:nted for the first time. 

The first contribution of money for State work was 
:nt in by Mrs. Thomas Morffew. Since then the so- 
lety has been remembered by Miss Elvira Hobbs. In 
oth cases the gifts were deeply appreciated, coming 
■holly unsought, and the gracious manner of giving 
dded much to the pleasure. 

Some day we are going to have headquarters in a 
Dnvenient locality, where the work can be conducted on 
larger scale. Just how this is to come about we do not 
:e, but it will come to us some day. Looking back 
pon the year's record in our State, and realizing that 
i'erything has come through the very modest efforts of 
ne individual, we may not be surprised at anything — 
ith us everything is possible. We have not yet found 
le magic lamp of Alladin, nor has Cinderella's fairy god- 
lother appeared, but we have with us always three pow- 
rfial talismans — faith, hope and courage: faith in the 
access of our work, hope for its best development, and 
3urage to overcome every obstacle, and to persevere 
intil we have attained our ends. 

Yet, whatever success is ours, whatever influence for 
ood this work may have, we must always remember to 
ive all honor and appreciation to the lovely woman 
'hose thought for others has made all these ideals real. 
lU this but proves what Phillips Brooks has said, " That 
o man or woman can be really strong, and pure, and 
ood, without the world being the better for it ; without 
Dmebody being helped and comforted by the very exist- 
nce of this goodness." 



Artists in To-wn 

There are quite a few engaged in studio work or in 
taking sketching classes in and about the city. 

Miss Lillie V. O'Ryan and Miss Annie Frances 
Briggs are very busy in their studio at 424 Pine Street. 
Later, probably in the end of July, Miss Briggs will 
leave for Carmel Bay, Monterey, with her summer class. 
Just at present she is finding much pleasure in reproduc- 
ing a romantic bit of landscape in Sonoma County. It 
shows a long avenue of locust trees in tender twilight, 
very quiet and low in tone. Both in subject and associa- 
tion it is most appropriate for the object for which it is 
intended — a wedding present. Miss O'Ryan has just 
finished a miniature of Mrs. Margaret O'Callahan. It is 
a beautiful piece of work and an excellent likeness. A very 
charming idea is the background — a gentle evening land- 
scape suggestive of the calm and repose of peaceful old age. 

Another very delightful example of Miss O'Ryan's 
work may be seen at Shreve's, where it is on exhibition. 
It represents her ideal of typical California loveliness, 
and rivals her charming " Janice Meredith " in beauty. 
Miss O'Ryan will remain in San Francisco and con- 
tinue her classes during the summer. 

Miss Annie M. Bremer will also be here during the 
summer months, at her studio, at 13 18 Sutter Street. 
She will devote much of her time to taking out sketching 
classes in and around San Francisco. 

Miss Marion Holden has been engaged since last 
January on a very ambitious work — a wall decoration 
for the Carnegie Library of Oakland. The large center 
panel, which is to be over the main staircase, will proba- 
bly be in place by September. The artist's idea is most 
interesting. The subject is allegorical, the intention be- 
ing to represent California as a modern Parnassus. Mt. 
Tamalpais, in the background, serves for Mt. Olympus, 
and a long sweep of rolling yellow foothills, so typical of 
the vicinity, makes an effective background for the group- 
ing of figures. Those in the center panel represent the 
Arts and Sciences ; two side panels. Poetry and Prose. 
The whole, though varied, is subdued in color. 

In a studio adjoining her sister's. Miss Octavia 
Holden has a fine workshop fitted up with book-binding 
apparatus. Just now she is making a complete set of 
Shakespeare's works, with binding of pigskin, very sim- 
ple in decoration and beautifully finished. Miss Holden 
learned book-binding in Paris from Leon Gruel. She 
also studied under Monsieur Domond, master of tooling 
and mosaic. 

Miss Gertrude Boyle has much interesting work in 
her studio, 609 Sacramento Street. She recently finished 
a portrait bust and small relief of John Swett — both 
perfect likenesses. A beautiful little medallion of John 
Muir is now on exhibition and sale. 



Cfu6 
Bife 




7] 



A Norivegian Wedding' 

BY MRS. EMILY W. NORTH 
[Read before the Daughters of the California Society of Pioneers.] 



We arrive in Throndhjem, Norway, inside the 
70th parallel of latitude. The wonderful sights we see 
and the kindly people we are among take my heart by 
storm. We have sailed up the coast in a large steam 
yacht and come in sight of the Stor of Great Fjord. 
Here on this western coast, as the vessel threads her 
course through the shoals of small islands that speck the 
sea like a swarm of flies, we come to the town of Ber- 
gen; a little higher up is Molde, and between them, on 
an island, at the mouth of the Fjord, lies a small town 
called Aalesund. The Fjord lies at first due east, then 
turns suddenly south, and this southern end, with its two 
fingers, also running south, is bounded by precipitous 
mountains. Occasionally these shelve down into green 
valleys, through which one's eyes may rove further 
and still further through the opening as far as the 
snows and glaciers of even higher ranges. The little 
yacht plods on in deep water, with rocks on either side, 
rising straight up, three, four and sometimes five thousand 
feet sheer out of the Fjord, which is really only an arm of 
the sea. So perpendicular are they in the lower finger 
called the Geiranger Fjord, that a stone falling over the 
upper edge meets with no obstacle until it comes with a 
thud into the water, that tells plainly enough how long a 
journey it had taken in its descent. Sailing along we 
notice how full of old-time memories this country is, 
and at night as we go ashore and visit some old farm 
gaard we hear many old stories. The memory of Kong 
Olaf, the titular saint of Norway, lives in countless tradi- 
tions throughout the kingdom. In one spot on this 
great Fjord the figure of a serpent is seen struggling on 
the face of a rock, and it is said to have been fixed here 
by the royal saint for not getting out of the path of his 
frightened steed at his command. In the Geiranger 
Fjord the profile of Kong Olaf is seen upon the gigantic 
face of a rock, and a rocky platform standing out sur- 
rounded by a stony balcony is called St. Olat's pulpit. 
We come to the end of this great Fjord and see the 
mouth of a wild valley leading up to the snows and 
glaciers of the Lang Fjord, one of the loftiest in Nor- 
way. On the next morning we arrive in Throndhjem, 
where I am to make my home for two years. I had no 
more than shook the sea roll from my limbs when the 
door opens and " Skal de har koffe I morn ? " " Ya, kan 
do tro," was my answer. It was a lovely morning in 
August, 1893, and in a queer, old-fashioned house in this 
quaint old city of Throndhjem, there comes a tap on the 
door. " Vaer sae god," say I. The door opens and in 
comes Trina, loaded with a tray, furnished with kaffe-kan, 
cups and saucers, " flotte," thick cream, in which your 
spoon will stand, " smor brod," both white and rye, and 
"gamie ost," a cheese that when the cover is taken off 
permeates the atmosphere to such an extent that one at 
once thinks of the " seventy and seven smells of Co- 
logne." I had just received my San Francisco papers 
and was prepared to enjoy them in such fragrant com- 
pany, when " En Herre har lyst til at besog Frue 
North." Yes, of course, I would see a gentleman. 
"God dag, Frue North," "God dag, Captaine Olsen." 
" Would you not like to go to Shluppen I Bonder Kr- 
vidsen's daughter Ingrid's wedding?" "Well, I guess 
I would," was the answer in California vernacular. I 
hurried my " Spisning" and packed my grip, for a Nor- 



San Francisco, and ran a schooner for my father on this 
beautiful bay of ours. So, of course, I expected to re- 
ceive more than usual attention. Well, we started, he 
in one cariole and I in another, the little horse away off 
in the shafts, the " Skydes gutten " behind, holding on 
to the rope reins, with a " b-r-r-r-r-r-r" to the horses, 
and away we go out on the road to the upper part of 
Throndhjem's Fjord. There in the distance is a huge, 
wood-crowned cliff, looking down on the little log ham- 
let, with the picturesque red roofs, then along the mag- 
nificent public road that would take us through the en- 
tire length of Norway. We find our way to a little 
seaport town. Here we board the steam yacht " King 
Oscar," and steam up the coast. 

The jingle bell sounds, the captain and I step 
ashore, and we are off to the Bryllup. " Ha, good day, 
Lady Hansen." " How goes it, Lars ? " and they really 
embrace. " Here is a lady from California. She is of 
Norske familie." " Welcome Frue, thrice welcome," 
and so we are escorted into the old farmhouse. Here 
we meet fur caps and tall hats, coarse brown frocks and 
velveteen jackets, short-skirted girls, with cheeks as 
round and rosy as the apples they are eating, tall, active 
lads from the hills, with their long guns on their shoul- 
ders, chubby little fellows in long-tasseled caps, who 
look more like overfed boys than grown men, hale, 
bright-eyed graybeards with the healthy brown of the sea 
air upon their weather-beaten faces, big, jolly-looking 
farmers, dressed in "wadmul," scattering jokes broad- 
cast among the crowd, and laughing uproariously at their 
own wit. We are introduced to the " Lensmand," or 
petty magistrate of the little hamlet, and then we meet 
Ingeborg and Frithiof, the most interested parties, who 
have been sitting in great state all this first day, in one 
corner of the room, looking fearfully solemn, receiving 
congratulations and having their health drunk by every 
guest in turn. The first thing handed me was a bowl of 
thick cream — that is, milk allowed to stand with the rich 
"flotte" on top, then sprinkled over with fine sugar, 
spice and sweet crumbs, and everybody takes a spoon- 
ful. At the inner door Frithiof, the young bridegroom, 
meets us and gives us a hearty welcome, and appears 
to be surprised that " Den Amerikanske Dame" is not 
black, but gives a very frank nod of understanding, 
when told that her father is Swedish. After a cup 
of coffee and a " stok af smor brod" I am introduced 
to Helga Ingeborg Gudbrandsen, the bride, and am 
privileged to receive her little bow and notice her gor- 
geous dress and help her on with the myrtle wreath in- 
side the picturesque silver crown. She wears a white 
jacket, something like a zouave of twenty-five years ago. 
It has large hanging sleeves, and a piece of heavy golden 
embroidery, shaped like a shield, upon her breast, a red 
bodice, trimmed with red velvet, coming low down upon 
her shoulders, fastened with silver buttons, a skirt of 
dark blue "wadmul," short enough to display to perfec- 
tion a pair of the prettiest ankles in Norway. Her two 
lovely flaxen braids hang over her shoulders and far be- 
low her waist, and she wears an old heirloom, set with 
flat table diamonds, around her waist. This and a cir- 
cular band of gold around her neck is all the jewelry; 
but the crown she wears is the great feature of her dress, 
for it is a magnificent, towerlike tiara, made of gilt sil- 



wegian wedding often lasts three weeks, and I was going ver and interwoven with bright scarlet ribbon and hung 
right into the bosom of my family, as it were, because I with gold beads and bangles. After expressing my ad- 
knew Capt. Olsen, whose brother Jacob used to be in miration and telling her that she looked just as all 



[8 



brides look the world over, she smiled and again that 
little Norske " bukke paa huda," and I am then shown 
all the beautiful old carvings, even the heavy cross-beams 
were carved, the cabinets, chests, bedsteads, sideboards, 
the antique spoons and goblets which have descended 
from father to son since the days of Gustavus Vasa. But 
while we have been lingering among the antique the 
bridal party have been mustering outside, and now the 
bride's father, a ruddy-faced, stalwart old patriarch, over 
six feet in height, and straight as a Norwegian pine, an- 
nounces that it is time to set off to the church. Some 
of the wedding guests have undoubtedly been inspired 
by a glass or two of Throndhjem's aquivit, and put 
their horses to speed and gallop up and down the road, 
with a succession of ear-piercing yells, worthy of our own 
Commanche Indians. Every here and there one of the 
riders rolls off his horse into the dust to the no small 
damage to his wedding finery, while the rest instead of 
compassionating him, ride on with the utmost compo- 
sure, seeming to care very little whether they trample on 
him or not. Now we start, first the two old fathers, 
who before they mount shake hands with each other and 
declare that " this was none of their doings, and if they 
could have prevented it would certainly have done so." 
But, privately speaking, so far away from home, no one 
believed them, as the match had been made years before. 
They had on high hats and long, blue coats with silver 
buttons. Then came the best man, with high, frilled col- 
lar around his neck, sticking out like the label on a medi- 
cine bottle. Beside him rides one of the most impor- 
tant personages of the day — a fiddler, without whom no 
Norwegian wedding can go off properly. Next in order 
come the bride and groom, mounted on white horses, 
linked together with a coupling chain, which is emblem- 
atic of their future. Then riding two and two, like 
troopers on parade, come the relatives and friends of 
both parties. The married ladies are one and all fac- 
similes of the bride, minus the crown and braided hair. 
They are perched on curious side-saddles, with a hang- 
ing step on one side to support the feet, and carry in 
their hands pocket-handkerchiefs almost as large as a 
table-cloth, appallingly suggestive of floods of tears they 
intend to shed during the ceremony. I hear them tell 
of a "smoked piggy," but it is only their open admira- 
tion of the bride, as they tell of her being a "smukt 
pige." Then comes a file of young girls, with their 
lovely hair braided and tied together with a piece of 
bright ribbon. By this time the dust, bad enough under 
any circumstances, has been stirred up by the heavy 
wheels and horses' hoofs to an extent suggestive of a 
simoon, making the bluecoated fathers look like a com- 
mittee meeting of baker boys, and covering the wedding 
finery of the ladies. Now, a sudden turn and there is 
the church. It certainly does not look very ornamental, 
framed as it is in rough-hewn pine logs, smeared with 
tar which gives it the look of a very badly smoked stock 
fish. But the quiet little graveyard, with its low, gray 
walls, its smooth, green turf, dotted with white head- 
stones, makes one think of Gray's Elegy, and the quaint, 
patriarchal simplicity of the interior of the church har- 
monized well with the old-time costumes of our caval- 
cade and with the primitive aspect of the surrounding 
landscape. Even the clergyman himself wears around 
his neck a bona-fide Elizabethan ruff of enormous size, 
and this, with his long black cassock and pointed beard, 
gives him quite the air of a schoolman of the i6th cen- 
tury. The simple Lutheran service is soon over and 
the bride is handed around somewhat like a tray of re- 
freshments, to receive the embraces and congratulations 
of her friends and relatives. Then " to horse " and 



back to the village at a livelier pace than our coming, ^Piift 
while the fiddler strikes a wedding march that makes the ^ ,^ 
air ring. On arriving at the "gaard " we try to do jus- fiiXJt 
tice to the substantial breakfast that awaits us, provided 
on such a scale that would dismay any languid society 
appetite. And now the marriage feast begins in earnest. 
As if this mighty meal were not sufficient of itself, it is pre- 
luded by a legion of small saucers, filled with sweet cream, 
sliced ham, tongue, beef, smoked salmon, and herring 
salad, a most toothsome morsel. This prologue is called 
a "smorgas brod" and is the invariable precursor to any 
feast or dinner. The saucers are soon emptied and then 
for the next hour, or rather three hours, the rattle of 
knife and fork is as steady and continuous as the mus- 
ketry of a great battle. Even the pastor himself, who 
sits opposite me, proves himself as valiant a trencher- 
man as any of his flock. For those who prefer it there 
is delicious coffee to be had, but the principal liquors are 
Swedish punch and Throndhjem's aquivit, Christiania 
beer or sour cream. And now as the attacks on the 
edibles are fast diminishing, up rises the bride's father 
in all the glory of a white shirt collar, three sizes too 
large for him, and strikes into a highly patriotic song in 
which all energetically join to the chorus of " Ganle 
Norge." Then there is the health of the bride and the 
bridegroom, the health of each member of their respect- 
ive families, their fathers and mothers, not to mention 
their sisters, their cousins and their aunts, and finally the 
health of everybody else, myself included. I believe I 
made some sort of a speech in acknowledgment, and I 
really cannot tell what it was about, except that I wound 
up with some flattering allusion to " Norway the An- 
cient, the throne of the earth," and the Viking bold, and 
then mentioned Ole Bull, whom I had met in Bergen, 
and Bjornstjorne Bjornsen, whom I had met in Paris. 
At the mention of these glorious names the wildest 
enthusiasm prevails. Right in the middle of the speech- 
making comes a Marske giant carrying a steaming punch- 
bowl, huge enough to have served " Eric the Strong- 
bow," himself. Instantly the national anthem of " Sons 
of Norway " that sing to your harps, " The Glory of 
the Footstool of the Almighty," is struck up and a rous- 
ing chorus is sung. Great applause — the fun goes on! 
Jokes, healths, songs, stories, follow each other, I shake 
hands with everybody and they thank me for my society 
and I thank them for the meal and they return the com- 
pliment with a wish that it may agree with me. You 
would really think that I had known them all my life. 
But, like Waterloo, suddenly "a sound breaks on the 
ear," the notes of a fiddle played by the hand of a mas- 
ter from the great room of the house, and a hint is given 
that dancing is about to begin. In most countries it 
would be a hazardous experiment to supplement a great 
supper with a dance, but don't forget you are in Nor- 
way where the Norsemen is a seasoned vessel. After 
dancing for several hours a general shout proclaims the 
bride's crown has fallen off. According to the custom 
she is bound to dance until it does. But happily for 
the sweet bride it has been put on loosely by her con- 
siderate girl friends, and her mother now comes forward 
and leads her from the room. The general revelry goes 
on as vigorously as ever, and the usual time is about 
sixty hours. As each fiddler was tired out another took 
his place, the dancers taking an occasional rest, and then 
going at it again. At last I, too, am tired out, and am 
escorted to the guest chamber, where I climb up three 
steps and literally tumble into a nest of feathers, 
and soon drop to sleep with the odors of lavender 
and brossa, and to the sound of the wild timbrel, 
dream. 



9] 



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[«o 



THe Guru 



BY SACIA VAN R. MACE 



We've got him at last ! The St. Paul Theosophi- 
cal Society tried to get him, but our bid was fifty dollars 
higher and we got him. He is to give us one evening a 
week for twelve weeks, and if we want a second course 
we can have it for the same amount. We all met him 
at Lola Dummage's last Friday, and he gave us a little 
preliminary talk on " Concentration." I am sure we will 
have a second course; he is simply magnetic. And such 
eyes! Charley came, ostensibly to drive home with me, 
but I know he simply wanted to get a look at Domba 
Dingo — our guru. I was rather sorry Charley called as 
I wanted to think over the things our guru had said. I 
was trying to see if I could concentrate on one of the 
brass buttons on the back of the coachman's coat when 
Charley interrupted me. 

" What's a blooming '_f«r«,' Buds?" Charley has 
adopted Madgie's nickname for me. 

I really believe that I was beginning to concentrate, 
for it took me several moments to gather my wits 
together. 

" Why, a guru is a — why, it's a — " 

" A Dago ? " 

" It is not necessary for you to be coarse, Charles — " 
I always call him " Charles " when I am offended. " He 
is from India, and is one of the highest teachers of 
Esoteric Buddhism living. A guru is a mahatma." 

"A which?" 

" Do you suppose that I cannot see that you are 
simply making fun of me ? We will drop the subject, 
please." And I would not speak to him all the way 
home. But that was several days ago and we have 
become reconciled since then. 

Of course everything is " Domba Dingo " and 
" Concentration." Charley, Madge and Harry make 
all manner of fun of us, but, as Domba says, some people 
are not yet far enough advanced spiritually to be ready 
to receive the message. But Madge does succeed in 
annoying me a little I must acknowledge. Because 
poUy has a habit of standing on one leg and staring at 
his cup with one eye shut, she insists upon it that he is 
trying to "concentrate"! And she has taught him to 
yell " Domba Dingo " at the top of his voice until he 
nearly drives us all mad. Charley insinuates that some- 
thing horrid will happen to us if we do not stop "glaring 
at a glass marble," as he calls our system of concentra- 
tion; and Harry says that he saw Lola out driving the 
other day and that she looked positively dotty. I have 
tried to induce Madge to attend our next meeting, but 
she says that she hasn't a moment's time to turn around. 
She and Harry Beverley are to be married in three weeks. 

Our second meeting was simply wonderful. I am 
beginning to feel a great change in myself already, and I 
can positively see the other girls growing more spiritual. 
And the atmosphere 1 

Our ritual is always the same. We enter the room 
in perfect silence and seat ourselves in a circle. Then 
Domba plays very softly some of the weirdest music I 
have ever heard, and, as soon as he stops, we enter upon 
a period of meditation for ten minutes. After that we 
take our occult crystals and concentrate on them. Some- 
times the results are positively amazing. Domba sits 
back in a semi-reclining position with his eyes closed 
and asks the different girls what they see in the crystal. 
I have not yet been able to see anything, but Lola 
scarcely begins to concentrate before she sees the most 
wonderful things — beautiful flowers and the most heav- 
enly scenery. One of the things she saw was a beautiful 



boy with just a head and wings. Domba said that it was V^vUD 
a spirit and that Lola was marvelously psychic. Two or ^if^ 
three of the other girls have seen things, and some of ' 

the others have thought so, but were not sure. Domba 
says that we will all see things before we get through. I 
was foolish enough to tell this to Madge and Harry and 
Charley, and they simply shrieked with laughter. But 
Madge has promised to go to the next meeting, and I 
am anxious to see what she will think then. 

We have changed the name of the " Lotus Club " 
to " The Kava-Kava Koncentration Klub," at Lola's 
suggestion. 

I hardly know how, when, or where to begin. My 
nerves are still so frightfully unstrung that 1 tremble 
when I think of it at all. 

The meeting was at the Beverley's and that was one 
reason why Madge was so willing to go. After we got 
there, she and Harry had a little tiff over some trifling 
thing, and she was the last to enter the drawing-room 
where the meeting was being held. Domba gave her a 
seat next to Lola, which was rather unfortunate, as Madge 
and Lola are not the best of friends. The music and 
the meditation passed off without anything unusual 
occurring, but I could see that Madge's lips were twitch- 
ing as though it were hard for her to keep from laugh- 
ing. When Domba passed the crystals for concentration, 
I caught her eye — I sat directly opposite — and shook 
my head warningly. 1 was afraid that she would do 
something impossible and spoil our evening. My look 
seemed to sober her, and she took her crystal and gazed 
into it as Domba had instructed us. 

Lola was, of course, the first to become clairvoyant, 
and when she began to describe what she saw, I could 
see Madge's lips twitching again. Domba must have 
noticed this also, as he interrupted Lola, saying, "There 
is a certain element of levity in the atmosphere which it 
pains me to feel. We will wait a few moments until the 
proper conditions are restored." Madge must have felt 
that this was intended for her as she flushed and seemed 
about to rise ; then she settled herself back in her chair 
and scowled angrily at her crystal. Then 1 remembered 
that I had not been looking at my crystal at all, but had 
been watching Madge and Lola, so I resumed my con- 
centration. We sat perfectly quiet for fully ten minutes, 
and then little Miss Parsons murmured apologetically, 
" I think — I think I see a cow! " 

Fully expecting to hear a shriek of laughter from 
the irrepressible Madge, I looked hurriedly at her. 
What was my amazement to see her staring fixedly at 
her crystal, with a face as white as chalk, and a filmy 
look in her eyes; and then to see her head fall back, 
her eyes close, and her hands drop limply to her sides in 
the oddest possible manner ! Her crystal rattled to the 
floor and rolled under my chair. 

Knowing Madge to be a very clever actress, I sus- 
pected for a moment that it was all a sham ; but when I 
looked again at her color and expression, I wavered. I 
think Domba also had his doubts, as he went quickly 
behind her chair and looked closely into her face. Then 
he placed his hand upon her forehead. Instantly she 
shuddered as though something had hurt her, and 
raised her hand as though to push him away. Then she 
said in a strange, far-away voice, dropping her hand like 
a dead thing to her side again, " Where are you leading 
me now ? " 

I thought that Domba looked puzzled for a moment; 
then he said softly, " Do you see anything?" and re- 
moved his hand from her head. We had all forgotten 
our own crystals by this time and were watching the 
scene breathlessly. Lola positively glared at Madge. 



«»] 



Domba had never put his hand on her forehead. In a 
few moments Madge spoke again, and I was convinced 
that she was not acting. She could not have consciously 
assumed that voice ; it was miles and miles away. 

" It is quite light now," she said, " and I can see 
very clearly." 

'■'■What do you see ?" It was Lola who spoke, and 
her voice was hard and biting. Domba raised his hand 
warningly, and Madge continued. 

" I am in a large room — a sort of library, it seems 
— and I know I have been here before, but I can't think 
when. There are book-shelves filled with books around 
three sides of the room — shelves that stand on the floor 
and are about three feet high. On top of the shelves 
are many pieces of beautiful china, and at the side of the 
room where there are no books is an old-fashioned clock 
and an iron safe. It is half-past two by the clock." 

Glancing at Domba, I saw that he was leaning 
against the wall by the door with a face that was whiter 
than Madge's. 

After a moment's pause, with a puzzled look on her 
face, she continued : 

" It is strange that I cannot remember where I have 
seen this room ; I have been in it many times. I know 
the original of every painting on the walls, but I cannot 
remember the names. Ah, some one is coming; perhaps 
I will know who it is. No; I do not know him, yet I 
have seen him somewhere. He does not seem to see me. 
He looks stealthily about and now opens the window 
leading out upon the verandah. Now he locks the door 
by which he entered, and now he has hurried to the safe 
and is working at the combination. I am frightened! I 
must leave ! I must go ! " And clasping her hands to 
her eyes, Madge struggled to her feet, and stood sway- 
ing blindly for a moment. Then she threw out her arms 
and almost screamed: "Now I know! Now I know! 
It was General Martin's house in San Francisco, and " 
— pointing a rigid finger at the cowering Domba — '■'you 
are the thief! " Then she fell to the floor as though 
dead. 

Nobody seems to know just what happened after 
that. I seem to remember shrieking like mad and 
hugging little Miss Parsons; and Harry rushing in and 
carrying Madge bodily out into the library; and Lola 
fainting, in hopes, I verily believe, that somebody would 
carry her out. At any rate, when things got quieted 
down somebody asked for our guru, but he had disap- 
peared. 

And the strangest part of the whole thing came out 
when Madge wrote home and asked General Martin if 
he had been robbed. I will give that part of his letter 
which refers to the subject. 

" "' "■ * The girls had taken up some occult tom- 
foolery or other, and had the teacher here at the house 
several times. Their classes had ended, however, some 
time before the robbery of my safe occurred, and until 
we received your letter, we hadn't the faintest idea that 
it was the fellow. Dingo Dingo — or whatever his name 
is — who had done it. It is a singular thing, and I am 
glad that nothing more serious came of your adventure. 
Your vision, or whatever it was, has undoubtedly put an 
end to about as clever a scheme as any villain ever 
invented. * * * " 

Nothing has been heard of Domba Dingo — I don't 
believe that was his name at all! — since the eventful 
evening. 

We have changed the name back to " The Lotus 
Club " again. 



From Port to Port 



BY AUGUSTA RAYMOND KIDDER 




Within the space of here and there, 

There sails a ship. 

I would, I would that it were here, 

I'd be content if it were there. 

God keep my ship. 

Into no danger let it slip — 

This is my prayer. 

I turn my eyes not to the deep. 
It is so drear. 

But He who holds within His hand 
The anchorage of sea and land. 
He'll still the pilot, refuge be ; 
He'll still support and comfort me, 
I need not fear. 



Inspiration is contagious. One man, 
earnest, sets a hundred other men on fire. 



dead 



m 



Noti 



ce 



All members of clubs omitting to subscribe for 
their official paper, Club Life, will kindly send in their 
names, with one dollar, for one year's subscription to the 
Secretary, Miss Sue Thomas, Room 207, Hearst Build- 
ing, San Francisco. 

Mr. Kosai returned from Japan the end of May, 
bringing with him a large consignment of genuine curios, 
valuable old prints and porcelains. Having had twenty- 
one years' experience in handling Japanese art goods, 
Mr. Kosai is a competent judge of fine pieces. 

His studio and show rooms are at 572 Sutter Street. 

Frank H. Lockyer's mixed spice — being made 
from pure materials — has found favor everywhere. See 
what the Palace Hotel chef szys : 

Mr. Frank H. Lockyer, 

San Francisco, Cal. 
Dear Sir: — Having tested your mixed spice and 
found it very satisfactory, I recommend it highly for 
dressings in poultry, game and meats, and also tor Club 
sausages and sausage balls. 

Frederic Mergenthaler, 

Chief Cook, Palace Hotel. 



Clubwomen going to the country will find — VELVETA 
— par excellence, the finest freckle and sunburn pre- 
ventative known. Used instead of powder ; cool and 
refreshing. Sold by inventor Val Schmidt, southwest 
corner Polk and Jackson Streets, San Francisco, and 
everywhere. 



[I* 



Robert Drowning 

BY MRS. RALPH C. HARRISON 
[Read before the Browning Club.] 

The best minds still hold to the old conception 
of poetry as a revelation, as containing something more 
and something greater than the individual poet intended 
or even comprehended when the creative impulse and 
energy possessed him. The story he told, the song he 
sang, convey more than the definite truth ; they disclose 
the deeper mind of the singer in his relations to time and 
to universal life. 

Robert Browning offers us a double revelation ; he 
discloses the range and the affinities of his own nature and 
the large and significant thought of his time concerning 
the matters which form the very substance of life. 
Burns drove his plowshare through his own native soil, 
singing as he went, and the daisy blossomed in the fur- 
row and the lark sang overhead; but Browning takes 
the whole world as his field and harvests every different 
product which goes to the sustenance of men. 

A poet of such wide range and such well nigh uni- 
versal insight demands much of his readers and must 
wait patiently for their acceptance of his claims. If his 
genius has remained long unrecognized and unhonored 
among his contemporaries, the frequent harshness and 
obscurity of his expression must not bear the whole re- 
sponsibility. His thought holds so much that is novel, 
so much that is as yet unadjusted to knowledge, art and 
actual living, that its complete comprehension, even by 
the most open-minded, must be slow and long delayed. 
No English poet ever demanded more of his readers, 
and none has ever had more to give them. Since 
Shakespeare no maker of English verse has seen life on 
so many sides, entered into it with such intensity of 
sympathy and imagination, or pierced it to so many cen- 
ters of its energy. No other has so completely mastered 
the larger movement of modern thought on the con- 
structive side, or so deeply felt and so adequately inter- 
preted the modern spirit. It is significant of his insight 
into the profounder relations of things that Browning 
has also entered with such intellectual and spiritual kin- 
ship into Greek and Italian thought. A mind capable 
of dealing at first hand with themes so diverse, evidently 
possesses the key to that universal movement of life in 
which all race activities and histories are included, not 
by violent adjustment of differences, but by insight into 
those deep and vital relations which give history the 
continuity of revelation and the unity of truth. It is a 
long road which stretches from the "CEdipus" of Sopho- 
cles to " Pippa Passes," but if Browning's conception 
of life is true, it is a highway worn by the feet of march- 
ing generations, and not a series of alien and antagonistic 
territories, each unrelated to the other. 

Browning's style is vital, his verse moves with the 
throbbing of an inner organism. He prefers sense to 
sound, thought to expression. In his terseness of style 
he employs as few words as possible to give expression 
to his thought. He refuses to use words for words' 
sake, and it follows that his verse is often not so melo- 
dious as that of many other poets. But in one very im- 
portant matter — that of rhymes — he is perhaps the 
greatest master in our language. In single and double, 
in simple and grotesque alike, he succeeds in fitting 



rhyme to rhyme with a perfection which has never been 
found in any other poet of any age. His lyrical poems 
contain more variety of form than those of any preced- 
ing English poet — not excepting Shelley. His blank 
verse — taking it for what it is, dramatic blank verse — is 
of higher quality than that of any modern poet, and 
both in rhymed and in blank verse he has written passages 
which for almost every quality of verse are hardly to be 
surpassed in the language. 

The range of Browning's genius is as unique as it 
is catholic. Are you fond of thought cast in a dramatic 
mold? Then you can have your choice amid half a 
dozen of the ripest dramas of the last fifty years — dramas 
that reach even the highwater mark of the dramatists of 
the Elizabethan period, beginning with "Strafford" and 
ending with " Luria." 

Does art appeal to you? Then you have some 
pregnant teaching on painting and sculpture in " Old 
Pictures in Florence," " Fra Lippo" and "Andrea del 
Sarto." 

Do you love to peer into the recesses of the human 
heart and probe to the utmost motives and conscience? 
Then go to Browning and read deeply in the " Ring and 
the Book." 

Does music speak to you? Then you will find, 
not only perfect poems, but the ripest thought on music 
to be found in modern literature — poems which culminate 
in the rapt vision of "Abt Vogler." 

Lastly, are you moved by the religious question- 
ings of the age ? Are you profoundly touched by relig- 
ious thought? Then here is your poet ready to hand; 
and in " Saul," onward to the " Death in the Desert" 
and "Asolando," you will find the ripened wisdom of a 
religious teacher whose teachings transcend theology. 

"One who never turned his back, but marched breast forward; 

Never doubted clouds would break. 
Never dreamed tho' right were worsted, wrong would triumph; 

Held, we fall to rise, are baffled to fight better. 

Sleep to wake." 

Some of us owe so much to this man, our best im- 
pulses, our highest aspirations, our noblest endeavors 
after good. The debt we owe him can never be repaid 
save by passing on to others all that we have received 
from him. No better service, certainly, can the greatest 
mind render humanity today than just this calm reas- 
surance of its sovereignty in a universe whose growing 
immensity makes the apparent insignificance of man so 
painfully evident. No prophet could bring to us a mes- 
sage so charged with consolation as this. 

To see clearly and love intensely whatever was just 
and noble and ideal in the past ; to understand the inev- 
itable changes that have come over the thoughts and 
lives of men; to discern the unity of movement through 
them all; to find a deepening of soul in art and life; to 
bear knowledge and know that it is subordinate to char- 
acter ; to look the darkest facts in the face and find pur- 
pose and love in them ; to hold the note of triumph and 
hope amid the discordant cries of terror and perplexity 
and despair ; this is what Browning has done, and for 
this service, no matter what we think of his art, those 
who are wise enough to know what such a service means 
will not withhold the sincerest recognition. 
" Into the truth of things — 

Out^of their falseness rise — reach thou and remain." 



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ne Lumberland . „ , c 

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Telephone Grant ji 

No. 2rj Sutter Street^ San FranciscOy CaL 



Telephone 

Private Exchange Jt 



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Importeri and Manufacturer! 

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M. Conlon 

CENTENNIAL STABLES 

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Rubber-tired Broughams and Coaches, Victorias, Six-Seaters, and 
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iu nUUCISU OFME B4 UlMnM n. 



Telephone Scott 2U3 



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Telephone East 431 



Established 1870 



ARRAMOVICH & CO finest kinds of fruits 
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c 

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can be prepared for every 
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Ask him. 

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We make it and your grocer sells it. 

FRANK H. LOCKYER SUPPLY CO. 






LOCKYER'S CLUBHOUSE 


SEASONING 




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Sold by Goldberg, Bowen & Co. 


For 




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is the most 
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^^- "locomobile" ^infUI. 

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Take pleasure in announcing j-^^ „!!«.« A..*.„ .«» „ L - 1 « « 

,h.t ther arc now hindiinl Cj a s o 1 1 n c AutomoDiles 

and rcprcient the following well-known manufacturers 

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Ladies and Gentlemen, Lamps, French Horns, etc. 
"LOCOMOBILES" FOR RENT Telephone South 697 

Vienna Model Bakery and Cafe 

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Special attention given ladies Miss M. E. Leary 

J. H. A. FOLKERS & BRO. 

Importers of 

Surgical Instruments and Dental Goods 

Manufacturers of Tt^sses and Apparatus for Deformities, Etc. 
Elastic Stockings and Belts 

SIG NIARKIEX SXREECX Telephone South 16f. 




rpi f-v I f^ r* made by the Imperial Studio are 

i^rarcnment rroois th. swcnest thing .he photog- 

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There are plenty of imitations. The real thing is a little more expensive, but is 
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724 Market Street 



SAN FRANCISCO 



[H 



TKe Care of tKe E-yes in Normal HealtK 

Gardner Perry Pond, M. D. 



The care of the eyes is a duty which should begin 
at birth and "continue in labor never ceasing," for surely 
nothing on this earth can exceed the priceless value of 
sight. 

The first five years of life present the greatest danger 
of loss of sight according to statistics. But modern 
methods of treatment, and especially modern aseptic pre- 
cautions during and after child-birth, are doing away 
largely with one of the most fruitful sources of defective 
sight, i. e., opthalmia neonatorum (a purulent inflamma- 
tory disease following infection of the child's eyes at 
birth). But suppose our child has passed these first five 
years in safety, it enters upon what seems to me to be 
the greatest menace to the health of the eyes of the com- 
ing generation. I refer to our school system. 

In 1885 one Randall collected and published records 
of 146,52a examinations, and at the present time over 
200,000 pupils of all grades have been subjected to ex- 
aminations, particularly as to the relative frequency of 
hypermetropia (a flattening of the ball or shortening of 
the antro-posterior axis) ; and myopia (an elongation of 
the ball or lengthening of the antro-posterior axis). Both 
of these conditions prevent a normal focusing of the rays 
of light upon the retina, and throw an abnormal strain 
upon the muscular apparatus which nature, in order that 
the image on the retina may be clear and distinct, has 
placed in the eye to accommodate for the different condi- 
tions under which a ray of light is received by it. The 
normal eye accomplishes automatically, though in a dif- 
ferent way, just what we do when we focus the ground- 
glass plate in our camera or draw in or out our telescope 
11 until the image is a clear one. 

Now, the record of the above examinations has 
shown a steady increase in the percentage of myopia, as 
the eyes of the pupils have advanced from early child- 
hood through the grammar schools, high schools and 
academies. 

Cohn, who examined the eyes of 10,060 pupils in 
the schools of Breslau and vicinity, concludes that this 
increase in myopia is in direct proportion to the length 
of time devoted to the strain of school life. 

The question arises, Is this change a normal one or 
a pathological one ? The best answer to those who 
would hold that this is a natural adaptation of the eye to 
the calls of our civilization is, that Erisman, in the schools 
of St. Petersburg, found that in 1,245 myopic (short- 
sighted) pupils there were but 5 per cent who were free 
from diseased conditions in the back of the eye (the 
|| choroid coat). Of 1,878 myopes examined by Horner, 
34 per cent developed dangerous complications, and 
among published accounts of observers of American 
pupils, in one case 60 per cent of the eyes with myopic 
astigmatism showed diseased conditions in the interior. 

Why do I present these facts? For the purpose of 
emphasizing my statement, that when a child is to be 



entered in school its eyes should be carefully examined 
and all refractive errors should be corrected before the 
additional strain of school work is thrown upon them. 
Spectacles should be regarded as a protection against 
harm, a function not essentially different from that of 
other articles of clothing. If at the beginning of school 
life these congenital errors of refraction could be carefully 
corrected by suitable glasses, we should hear much less 
complaint of the harmful influence of schools upon the 
eyesight of our children. 

Children with red or inflamed eyes should never be 
permitted to enter school until a physician's certificate of 
the non-infectious nature of the disease has been presented. 
This precaution is especially necessary in our school- 
houses with their lavatories where the children find facili- 
ties for bathing the hands and face in wash basins which, 
of necessity, must be used in common. We have all 
seen youths or adults with granular lids or scaley eczema- 
tous lid margins, a legacy of some epidemic of so-called 
"pink eyes" of their earlier school days. 

Contusions in the region of the eyes are best treated 
immediately by frequently repeated applications of hot 
water followed by a bandaged compress of — 

)Aq, Ext. Hamamelis, 
Sat. Sol. Boric Acid, 
Aq. Camph. 

One of the old-fashioned " Home Remedies " is a 
" tea-leaf poultice," and it is safe to say more eyes have 
been injured by it than have ever been benefited. A 
poultice is an abomination, especially if the trouble be 
with the structure of the ball. 

In San Francisco, with its trade winds and vile dust 
clouds, the cleansing of the eyes should be looked upon 
as just as important a function as the cleansing of the 
teeth. Many a sore eye would have been prevented if 
its owner had washed out the conjunctival sac with some 
simple lotion as, for example, 1 per cent solution of 
boracic acid, upon arriving home after an afternoon's 
battle with wind and dust. The wonder is that infection 
is not more frequent. 

If some one would prevail upon the City Fathers to 
pass an ordinance compelling the mixing of a black or 
dark-green coloring matter with the cement for our side- 
walks, they would save many a poor eye from much pain 
and discomfort. Nature provided for the glare of the 
skies by interposing an eyebrow and heavy eyelashes, 
but man has covered the ground with that which reflects 
the glare from below and, as a result, notice the faces of 
those going up the street against the sun next time you 
happen out, and see them screwed into all sorts of shapes 
in their effort to make their cheeks perform the office of 
their eyebrows in shading the eyes. 

More good than is possible to know would follow 
the adoption of just that simple precaution in laying our 
sidewalks. 




«5] 



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The Revells announce for early publication the start- 
ling story, true in every important detail, of a Chinese 
boy who was trained and educated by a friend of Mr. 
Whittier in California. The boy has since become a 
high mandarin in China and is still what Mr. Whittier 
called him — "A Chinese Quaker." The book is by Mrs. 
Nellie Blessing-Eyster, well known in reform circles, 
and will contain several letters from the Quaker poet 
showing his profound interest in the progress of this re- 
markable yet typical child of the Orient. The story is 
more than a biographical study, however; it reads like a 
novel. Nearly all of its principal characters are living 
today. It will make revelations of moral importance to 
the American people. 

Stephen Phillips's "Ulysses" 

"John Lane" is another noble work, worthy of the 
pen that wrote " Marpessa" and " Paolo and Francesca" 
and " Herod," and whose faults, such as they are, may 
perhaps be laid on the shoulders of the stage manager. 
The first thought at the suggestion of a play drawn from 
the Odyssey is one of wonderment at the boldness of 
such a flight and as to how such a thing could be satis- 
factorily accomplished. Mr. Phillips has surmounted 
the dramatic difficulties. He has taken some liberty, it 
is true, with Homer's handiwork, but he has not done 
violence to it; and he has produced a play in which 
there are unity of action and dramatic completeness, life, 
passion and character. He does not shirk the dangers 
of such a task. He summons the gods of Olympus and 
the ghosts of Hades to the footlights as fearlessly as if 
burlesque were a thing undreamt of; and he finds his 
safety in this very intrepidity. So tremendously in earn- 
est is he himself, that he rushes the reader headlong over 
the slippery places, allowing him no time to think how 
perilously near to pantomime the action at times ap- 
proaches. 

But if ever this suggestion arises, it is only in the 
opening scene among the gods on Olvmpus. The in- 
tense human interest supervenes so rapidly that this first 
uneasy impression is soon entirely obliterated, and is not 
again experienced in the swift, powerful, fascinating 
movement of the drama. 

The dramatist has selected the passages in the ad- 
ventures of Ulysses with instinctive skill. The Olym- 
pian prologue over, we have in the first act the palace of 
Ulysses at Ithaca, wherein the clamorous suitors are 
wasting the substance of the absent warrior, and pressing 
their claims for the hand of his wife, Penelope. For 
many years she has waited for the return of her lord 
from the siege of Troy — 

"Others return, the other husbands, but 
Never for me that sail on the sea-line, 
Never a sound ot oars beneath the moon. 
Nor sudden step beside me at midnight; 
Never Ulysses! " 

Notwithstanding the importunity of the suitors, 
Penelope remains — 

" True to a vision, steadfast to a dream, 
Indissolubly married to remembrance." 

The scene changes to the island of Calypso, where 
Ulysses has long lain under the spell of the sea nymph. 

San Francisco Blue BooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1902—1903, contains names, 
addresses and officers of the leading Women's Clubs. Addresi all 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 



[«6 



We are glad we 
print "Club Life " 



€L Good work is always profitable. 
Then, too, it is a satisfaction 
to us — to the customer. 

C Also it shows what one of the 
four big printing-houses of 
San Francisco can do in the 
field of Club Printing, 

€L We are specializing now along 
this line. 

<L And the price we charge is 
reasonable — not high. 



The Stanley -Taylor Co. 

656 Mission Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

Established since i 8 y 8 




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Between Sacramento and California Streets 

ANCISCO, CALIKORNIA 



(Pof- 1, Qto* 4 



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Club Life Office. Room 202, Hearst Building, S. T. 



Contents 



Clean Street-Sweeping — Rosamund Gurnsey 
The Curb — Poem ..... 

United Daughters of the Confederacy 

Philomath Club 

The Papyrus Club ...... 

California State Floral Society 

The Criterion Club ...... 

Fraternal Brotherhood ... 

Popular Concerts at the Pavilion 

Around the Studios ..... 

The Alden Club 

The Handkerchief— V. B. H. 

The American Woman ..... 

Keramics and Glass Mosaics — Katherine M. Ball 

China — Hon. Ho Tow .. . . 

Flower Fortune-Tellers — Poem — Grace Hibbard 

Barbarita's Journey — Mrs. John Knell . 

Coronation of Inez de Castro 

Asleep in the Coronation Chair 

Bankrupt Lungs — Dr. Frederick W. U Evelyn . 

Book Reviews ...... 



• 3 
3 

• 3 
3 

3, 4 
4 

• 4 
4 

■ 5 
5. 7 

• 7 
8, lo 

lO, II 

1 1 

12 

• 13 

•3 
16 



Entered July I O , T g O 2 , as Second-class Matter 
Postoffice at San Francisco, Cal. Act of Congress of March j, iSjg 



THE STANLEV-TAVLOH CO . SAN rnANCISCO 



Club Life 



Vol. 1. 



AUGUST, 1902 



No. 4. 



Clean Street-S^weepin^ 



There are some general evils which infect all cities 
of whatsoever place and magnitude. With these human- 
ity and the law deal more or less successfully, according 
to their light. In many cities are added evils individual 
and peculiar to their own abiding-place. San Francisco 
possesses her share of the former, and in the matter 
of personal sins she offers various subjects for our 
consideration. 

We are at present inflicted with one of the most 
annoying. Concurrent with the summer come the 
strong trade- winds (of themselves health-giving) and the 
blinding, choking whirls of dust in the city streets, 
irritating to mind and body. 

There is always a certain amount of dirt in a city 
street, due to the wear of the paving, repairs and build- 
ing in the vicinity, the passage of teams of every descrip- 
tion, the motion of the people itself. Dust appears on 
ships far from any land. But it is given to San Fran- 
cisco to hurl it in the teeth of the passer-by. 

The powers that be, in the form of the street- 
cleaning department, contend with the problem of clean 
thoroughfares in several ways. The " South of Market 
Street " district is swept o' nights with a Juggernautal 
machine drawn by horses. The retail streets are cleaned 
regularly by gangs of hand-sweepers with broom and 
refuse-can. Gangs also make periodical descent upon 
the residence district. In some of the less-traveled 
parts of town the gutters only are scraped up, the wind 
driving the refuse there. On certain corners dirt and 
papers collect as in a maelstrom, coming from all direc- 
tions; these are visited regularly and swept. Most of 
the down-town streets are sprinkled at intervals during 
the day. 

Of all these the hand-sweeper is most in evidence 
to the citizen. If he could be persuaded to perform his 
task in the wee small hours of early morning and the 
streets be flooded for a little while, it would obviate 
stirring up the dust through the day. In the present 
state of affairs there are too few of him, and he is not 
always conscientious in the performance of his duty. 
The manner in which some of them sweep — I mean 
pass their brushes over the pavement — is enough to 
make bygone generations of New England housewives 
rise and walk. It is as though they were paid to drag a 
broom over so many square feet per day, irrespective of 
the dirt that might or might not be there. 

Did you ever see a street-sweeper make a second 
stroke over the same spot? What dirt does not come 
with the hrst remains behind and makes sport with the 
breezes. I have stood and watched a man at work 
before me, and my fingers have tingled to take the 
broom from his hand and show him how to use it. He 
could do as well with a straight stick, and it would effect 
a great saving in brushes to the department. 

And have you ever noticed a street paved with 



basalt blocks or cobbles, where a kindly wind has blown 
the sand and dirt into the depressions between the 
stones? Now comes the sweeper, brushing it out on 
top, gathering up one third in his can, leaving the 
breeze to drive the remainder back into the interstices 
of the pavement, which it does viciously, to the woe of 
the bystander. 

It is well known that, other things being equal, the 
higher intellect performs the better task. The remuner- 
ative aspects of street-sweeping are not such to appeal to 
men of brains. But if one brain could think for many, 
— if one could come and say, "This is well swept," 
"That is not clean," — something near as good might 
come to pass. I do not know what system of inspec- 
tion is employed here in our city, but if any inspector 
should tell me that Polk Street — which I saw a few 
days ago when a gang had passed — was cleanly swept, 
I should go home and pray for his wits, lest his affliction 
become a chronic one. 

The woman Superintendent of Street Cleaning in an 
Eastern city is too well known to mention. But why 
not such a thing here ? Or, at least, women inspectors ? 
Surely, they know more of the merits of a broom. And 
for the administration, under this woman superintendent, 
the streets of her city were better cleaned, for less money, 
than ever before. Why not try it? 

San Francisco, surrounded on three sides by an 
inexhaustible supply of salt water, ought to utilize it in 
her streets. The water front is sprinkled with sea water, 
and there is not much dust there. It packs down with 
the salt, and it might be tried to advantage within the 
city. The occasional flooding of the streets during the 
dry season would greatly help in keeping them in con- 
dition. We are not troubled with flying dirt in the rainy 
portion of the year. Rosamund Gurnsey. 



TKe Curb 

I stood on the curb at midday. 

As the clocks were striking the hour. 

And the wind rose over the city 

As high as the " Chronicle" tower. 

Along the crowded streets 

The wavering dust-heaps lay. 

And the current that came of the trade-wind 
Seemed to lift and bear them away. 

Sweeping, eddying through them. 

Shrieked the wind with whistling sound. 

And, streaming into Third Street, 
Bits of paper floated 'round. 

And with those papers rushing 

Above the crowded street, 

A cloud of dust came o'er me 

That a desert storm couldn't beat. 



i] 



ceu6 

^'^^ California is 

Woman's Country 

and Childhood's, and the Invalid's, but 
It is the country of 

STALWART MANHOOD 

as well, and this is a day of opportunity, 
when energy and courage tells for for- 
tune. An ideal country life can be seen 
in every section — Riverside, Redlands, 
Pasadena, Santa Barbara, San Jose, 
Napa, Sacramento, Fresno, and many 
other places. Intelligent Farming, 
Fruit-growing, Dairying, pays 

A GOOD INCOME and 
LARGE DIVIDENDS in COMFORT 



The Illustrated Literature of the Southern Pacific 
is free, and will furnish many details. Send a copy 
of "Sunset" to your friends. It is fijll of Cali- 
fornia photographs. Ji.ooayear. 



E. O. McCORMICK 

Passenger Traffic Manager 



T. H. Goodman 

General Passenger Agent 



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Gen. Passenger Agent 

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Gen. Agenr *' P.issenger Dept." 
625 Market St. 

San I'rancisco, Cal 



Rummer 

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How often, oh ! how often, 
In the days that have gone by 

The dust rose in clouds at midday 
And covered the passer-by. 

How often, oh ! how often, 

I had wished that the whistling wind 
Would bear away forever 

All the sweepers it could find. 

For my eyes were hot and smarting. 
And my mouth was fiill of dirt. 

And of the duty there before them 
They did not enough to hurt. 

And I thought how many thousands 

Of dirt-encumbered men. 
Each getting his dose of microbes. 

Have crossed that street since then. 

For ever and for ever. 

As long as the trade-wind blows. 
As long as the dust finds lodging 

And cares not where it goes. 

The wind and its broken howling. 
And its dust-cloud shall appear. 

The symbol of life in ' Frisco 
In the dry part of the year. 



United Daughters of the Confederacy- 
Jefferson Davis Chapter 54'0 

President Mrs. S. M. Van Wyclc. 

First Vice-President . . . Mrs. C. B. Lemare. 

Second Vice-President . . . Mrs. R. B. Sanchez. 

Recording Secretary . . . Miss VirginiaThornton. 

Corresponding Secretary . . Miss Emily P. B. Hay. 

Treasurer Mrs. Julien Le Conte. 

Registrar Miss Sallie Dangerfield. 

Historian and Custodian of Cross Mrs. Virginia Hilliard. 

The objects of this association are to collect and 
preserve records of the Southern soldiers and citizens and 
worthily mark the resting-places of their distinguished 
dead, honor and cheer the declining years of the sur- 
vivors, and in so doing unite by social ties those who 
love the glorious memories which Southern patriots have 
bequeathed to posterity. 

It was organized on November 20, 1901, and 
received the charter December i, 1901. The first 
reception was held January 19, 1902 (R. E. Lee's birth- 
day), at the residence of Judge Thornton. Their success 
has been phenomenal, and when their last grand reception 
at the "Bella Vista," June 3d (Jefferson Davis's birth- 
day), occurred the roll-call was answered to by almost 
one hundred ladies to do service in this most worthy 
cause. They will assemble in October, after their vaca- 
tion, and thereafter will meet the second Wednesday in 
each month, — the two anniversaries excepted should they 
fall on any other day. 

The chapter has presented ten crosses of honor in 
the six months of its inception, the same being awarded 
Confederate veterans for noble and heroic service, and 
are manufactured from old Confederate cannon. They 
are bestowed with appropriate services on the anniversary 
of the birthdays of President Davis and General Lee. 



Philomath Club 

The officers elected for this year are: President, 
Mrs. L Lowenberg; First Vice-President, Mrs. Her- 
man Heyneman ; Second Vice-President, Mrs. M. Hel- 
ler ; Recording Secretary, Miss E. Falkenstein ; Cor- 
responding Secretary, Miss R. Abel ; Treasurer, Mrs. 
H. Sahlein. Directors ^ — -Mrs. Ludwig Schwabacher, 
Mrs. William Greenebaum. 



The Papyrus Club 

The " Papyrus," which is a Lady's Bohemian Club, 
held its first meeting last March, with a charter mem- 
bership of forty, now finds itself in a position necessitating 
a change in the by-laws which limit the membership to 
fifty, as many applicants await admission. 

The House Committee is now in quest of a suitable 
home, which they hope to furnish for the exclusive use 
of the club, and where it is their wish that the next 
meeting, in September, shall be held. 

The art of story-telling, which is so rapidly develop- 
ing in the " Papyrus," has become a great source of 
pleasure to its members, who can justly say they receive 
help from one another. 

Some of the members who attended the past meet- 
ings often went shrouded in gloom, due to some real or 
imaginary grief, whilst others, who had cares which did 
not tend to make life beautiful, tell us they joined in the 
merriment and departed clad in sunshine, having cast 
aside the robes of despondency. There is a strong fra- 
ternal feeling among its members, who aim to make it a 
delightfully congenial family of merry, happy spirits, ever 
ready to help each other. 

In its line the "Papyrus" is certainly doing good 
work, and has among its members many excellent 
raconteurs, whose brilliancy will have ample scope when 
the club shall give some of its anticipated "jinks." 

California State Floral Society 

At the regular monthly meeting of the Floral So- 
ciety on July 1 2th, the members arranged to give an 
exhibition of dahlias at Central Hall, 223 Sutter Street, 
on August 8th. The Committee on Exhibitions and 
Awards for this year, who are in charge of this exhibit, 
consists of the following: Mrs. E. H. Adams, Mrs. J. 
Leach, Mrs. E. McKevitt, John Henderson, J. W. 
Bagge. The exhibit is to be a complimentary show — 
all who love flowers being invited to attend — during the 
afternoon and evening of August 8th. In addition to 
several others awarded her for exhibits, Mrs. P. Sachau 
was presented with a handsome gold medal, in appre- 
ciation of the work she had done for the Society and 
for the displays of old-fashioned flowers at the recent show. 

The Criterion Club 

The Criterion Club of Alameda, organized for study 
and literary culture, with a limited membership of twenty 
active members, begins its second year of work on the 
fifth of August. The club holds twenty meetings during 
the year, thus giving an opportunity for each member to 
contribute one original paper. Besides this original 



3] 



M< 



paper, which is the chief feature of the day, short read- 
ings from the lives of celebrated artists and from nature 
studies are given at alternate meetings. 

The club closed its first year Mayaoth with a most 
enjoyable picnic. At its last regular meeting the follow- 
ing officers were re-elected for the ensuing year : Presi- 
dent, Mrs. George B. Bird ; Vice-President, Mrs. L. L. 
Gillogly; Secretary, Mrs, R. W. Mastick; Treasurer, 
Mrs. Mildred Husbands. Program Committee — Mrs. 
Mildred Husbands, Mrs. S. S. Brower, Miss Rosalie 
Traube. 

Fraternal BrotKerHood 

The installation of officers of the Fraternal Brother- 
hood Lodge No. 69, San Francisco, in Union Square 
Hall, Friday evening, July nth, was an enjoyable event 
for the members and their friends. The musical pro- 
gram was excellent and the dancing much enjoyed. 
Twelve young ladies went through intricate maneuvers 
in drilling. Great credit is due Brother Bardue for the 
efficiency they displayed, looking very charming indeed 
in their white costumes, with yellow and white badges. 
The badges were made and given by Sister Sannie 
Douglas. 

We entertained on this occasion members of the 
Supreme Lodge from Los Angeles. Our distinguished 
guests were: Supreme Vice-President, Mrs. E. N. 
Neidig; Supreme Chaplain, Mile. L A. Batchelor; 
Supreme Mistress-at-Arms, Mrs. Keller. 

Our lodge is a growing one, many being initiated 
each week. The officers and organizers are to be con- 
gratulated upon their executive ability, for their success 
has been phenomenal, combined with congeniality and 
harmony all around. 

THE NEW STAFF. 

Past President . . , Edward M. Ritter. 

President Dr. A. B. Hubble. 

Vice-President . . . Mrs. Francis C. Cavitt. 

Secretary Mrs. Sannie H, De Wet. 

Treasurer Lew. B. Douglas. 

Sergeant-at-Arms . . Theo. W. Kanouse. 

L D. K Joseph L Thayer. 

O. D. K Miss Nora B. Smoke. 

Mistress-at-Arms . . Mrs. Laura A. Terkel, 

Physician Dr. S. Watson Truitt. 

Sannie H. De Wet, Secretary. 



Popular Concerts at the Pavilion 

(UR. H. J. STEWART TO LEAd) 

Dr. Stewart, recently returned from Boston, has made 
final arrangements with the trustees of the Mechanics' 
Institute for a number of concerts to be given in the 
Pavilion under their auspices. Dr. Stewart will com- 
mence immediately to organize and drill the chorus for 
the concerts. The first will be given in September. It 
has been agreed to send two tickets to each of the mem- 
bers of the Institute for the first concert and to charge 
outsiders fifty cents admission. 

Have you seen Shin-raker, the Japanese carver, 
who has a nook in O. Kai's store on Kearny Street? If 
not go and see him, busy in the intricacies of his beau- 
tiful work. 

San Francisco Blue BooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1902-1903, contains names, 
addresses and officers of the leading Women's Clubs. Address all 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 



Around tKe Studios 

Probably miniature paintings have never been more 
popular in California than at the present time. So one 
would judge from the interest and enthusiasm with which 
Miss Lillie V. O'Ryan's work has been received. She 
has just finished a beautiful miniature of Mrs. Martin 
Schultz, well known in musical circles. Undeniably 
much credit is due the model in this instance — it would 
be difficult to find a more pleasing one — both in color 
and drawing. With Miss O'Ryan's graceful arrange- 
ment and delicate handling, it is a most charming example 
of the artist's work. Miss Schultz — with rich blonde 
color, quite in contrast to her mother's — will be Miss 
O'Ryan's next model, and those who have seen her 
expect an equally beautiful result, although of an entirely 
different type. 

At present Miss O'Ryan is adding the finishing 
touches to a strong miniature of the late Mr. Din- 
woodey, of Napa, Cal., who belonged to the well-known 
Dinwoodey family of Salt Lake City. It is a fine, manly 
head, the type Charles Dana Gibson uses to represent 
the American man. It is surprising what strength Miss 
O'Ryan succeeds in introducing into this delicate work. 
She does not devote herself entirely to miniature paint- 
ing, however, having just finished a portrait in pastel, an 
excellent likeness, of Miss Le Jeune, daughter of 
Alphonse Le Jeune, the sculptor. 

Miss Marion Holden is making illustrations for a 
little book of child stories, which will soon be published. 
The stories are written by Miss Le Page, and the 
characters taken from life, very real, being the pathetic 
little inmates of the Children's Hospital. During her 
course of training at the hospital Miss Le Page had 
ample opportunity to enter into the lives of these 
patient little sufferers, and it is natural that her book 
contains real feeling and possesses the power to draw 
real tears. 

"The Muse: A Magazine of Arts and Letters," 
is the name given to a publication which will appear on 
September ist, thereafter to be published quarterly. 
The magazine is the outgrowth of one of the same name 
successfully published in Oakland within the last few 
years. The literary part will be edited, as formerly, by 
Adam H. Shirk. 

L. Maynard Dixon, assisted by members of the 
California Society of Artists, will have charge of the 
art section. The object of the magazine is to give 
opportunity to those who wish freedom to follow their 
own bent in art and letters, provided it be a praiseworthy 
one, consequently it may be expected to contain matter 
out of the ordinary and undoubtedly interesting. The 
drawings will be principally marginal and quite inde- 
pendent of the text, allowing the artist entire freedom in 
his choice of subject and ideas. 

Miss Emelia Kalisher has returned from Europe, 
and is occupying her old studio at 424 Pine Street, 
room 14. 

While Miss Sarah Whitney was in Paris she col- 
lected a few rare old Japanese prints; among these are a 
number of the mountain series by Hokasai ; also, in book 
form, a fine set by the same artist in beautiful color. It 
is a good opportunity for collectors, or those who love 
beautiful old prints, to acquire a few valuable ones. 
They are at present in Miss Whitney's studio, at 637 
Kearny Street, room 9. 



[4 




The Alden Club 

Have you had a kindness shown ? 

Pass it on. 
'T was not given for you alone — 

Pass it on. 
Let it travel down the years. 
Let it wipe another's tears. 
Till in heaven the deed appears. 

Pass it on. 



The members of the Alden Club are finding much 
3 keep them busy during these summer days. Fortu- 
ately the members are not all away at the same time, 
nd the work is carried on without intermission. 

The regular Tuesday readings at the Home for 
ncurables have proved so enjoyable that members have 
ngaged their turn for weeks ahead. There is prospect 
f some very delightful work for the club in the near 
iture, when they will have the pleasure of aiding one 
f the associate members, Mrs. de Greayer, in her read- 
ig-room for the adult blind. Mrs. de Greayer has been 
'orking for three years to secure this room, and, now 
lat her dream is about to be realized, it will indeed be 
privilege to work with her. The entire basement in 
le new public library at Fourth and Clara Streets, the 
ift of ex-Mayor Phelan, has been given for this purpose, 
nd the success of the plan assured. 

Besides regular work and plans for the State Day 
1 September, the club is planning a raffle in aid of a 
articularly sad case which came to their attention, 
^he story is that of a woman of good breeding and 
ulture, at one time very well-to-do, but through sick- 
ess and misfortune has come to absolute want. She 
1 trying bravely to meet this new condition in life, and, 
'hile seeking some means of support, has offered for 
lie one of the treasures of her former life — her wedding 
andkerchlef. The value of this rare piece of hand 
ice-work is estimated as between $65 and $75. For 
le raffle the tickets are arranged with numbers from 
to 100, and each one drawing a ticket must pay as 
lany cents as the number on the card. When the one 
undred tickets are all sold, all who have been interested 
'ill be invited to the drawing. Any one desiring to see 
he handkerchief and wishing to help in this way may 
btain information by addressing Miss Florence Benja- 
lin, 2712 Pine Street. 



THe HandKercHief 

" Mine eyes smell onions, I shall weep anon ; 
Good Tom Drum, lend me a handkerchief." 

— Airs Well That Ends Well. 

In days of old gallant knights wore, as the gift of 
idies fair, knots of ribbon the color of their choice, or 
ighed as Romeo for " glove upon that hand." The 
j.andkerchief was never so honored, yet in history and 
omance it has been perpetuated beyond either of the 
ther tokens. 

Dante, in his "Paradise," refers to the handkerchief 
4at "wiped the dust and sweat from the Divine Sufferer 
nd bore away the impression of his wondrous face." 

Horace Walpole, in his letters, refers to a new sig- 
i^ficance in the use of the handkerchief. He says : " Lord 
Tavistock has flung his handkerchief to Lady EHzabeth 
veppel. They all go to Woburn on Thursday and the 
eremony is to be performed as soon as her brother the 
Jishop can arrive from Exeter." 



All nations have honored the use of a handkerchief, 
the Egyptians even regarding it as an amulet. Its 
history, however, as a gift, has more instances of fatal 
consequences to the recipient than has that of any other 
token. 

Drummond, of Hawthornden, immortalized a hand- 
kerchief embroidered for him by Lesbia, his betrothed. 
It was an ominous gift, for he says, " She died in the 
fresh April of her years, and the handkerchief she gave 
me was steeped in tears at her loss." 

Miss Strickland is authority for the statement that 
Anne Boleyn dropped from the balcony her handkerchief, 
which fell at the feet of Henry Norris. Having just 
returned from the jousts, he presumptuously wiped his 
face with it and returned it to the queen on the point of 
his lance. King Henry retired in a fit of rage and 
jealousy, and immediately gave orders for the arrest of 
the queen and all who were suspected of being favored 
by her. Henry Norris paid for his act with his life, 
being shortly thereafter executed. Upon the queen the 
incident brought suspicion and aroused jealousy in her 
liege lord, and finally she was beheaded. 

In Egypt many a lady embroidered an initial on the 
handkerchief of her chivalric lover, hoping it might possess 
the same magic as the one given by the Egyptian to 
Othello's mother, namely, the power to subdue to her 
love those to whom she presented it. 

Lord Byron, in his commentaries on Shakespeare's 
plays, highly commends his making Othello's jealousy 
turn upon the handkerchief, as amongst Moors, and all 
Eastern people, the gift of the handkerchief was consid- 
ered the strongest proof of love. 

Shakespeare, in the third act of "Othello," gives the 
keynote of significance to the handkerchief, upon which 
the tragedy turns. 

When Desdemona bids her lord to dinner, and he 
complains of a pain in the head, holding the charmed 
handkerchief, she says, " Let me bind it hard; within this 
hour it will be well." 

Othello, tearing it rudely from her, replies, "Your 
napkin [synonymous with handkerchief] is too small." 

Emilia discovers the dropped handkerchief on the 
floor as the twain enters the castle, and rejoices, saying: 
"For this was her first remembrance from the Moor, and 
she so loves the token (for he conjured her she should 
ever keep it) that she reserves It evermore about her, to 
kiss and to talk to." In this tragedyalone the handker- 
chief is conspicuously mentioned seventeen times." 

When King John ordered his chamberlain, Hugh 
de Burg, to put out the eyes of Arthur, his eldest brother, 
with a hot Iron, the victim pleads : — 

" Have you no heart ? 
When your head did but ache, 
I knit my handkerchief about your brow — 
The best I had, a princess wrought it me. 
And I did never ask it you again." 

The Bard of Avon gives prominence to the hand- 
kerchief, making mention of It In seven of his dramas, 
namely, "Winter's Tale," "Coriolanus," "Cymbellne," 
"Richard III," "Henry V," "All's Well That Ends 
Well," and last, but not least, "As You Like It." 
Orlando falling to meet, as by appointment, the youth 
he called his Rosalind, in the forest of Arden, sent 
Oliver to tell his story and offer his excuse for the 
broken promise — 

" And to give this napkin. 
Dyed in his blood, unto the shepherd youth." 

Pope did not slight this small adjunct to the female 
toilet, and savs: — 



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5] 



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Manufacturers of Fine Art Statuary; Models, Busts and Moulds cast 
for schools of design 

616 Post Street, bet. Taylor and Jones Sts., S. F. 

La Grande Laundry 

Telephone Bush 12 
Principal Office : 

22 Powell Street, cor. Ellis Street, San Francisco 

VIAVl ha« been manufactured for over fifteen yean. It 
cured hundreds of ailing women in its first year and has cured 
thousands of sutferers every year since. Booklet for mothers 
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THE VIAVI COMPANY 

2304-6-8 Van Ness Ave., San Francisco. Plione Dist 282 

R1^ • /3r* Designer and manufacturer of 

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C. R. DALTON, S^/i ylgrnt ... 618 Valencia St. . . . San Francisco 

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Hours: 9 to 530 __^ Telephone Black 3733 

Telephone Scott 175 
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VISITORS CORDIALLY INVITED 
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572 SUTTER STREET San Francisco, Cal. 



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Phone Black 1SS5 



T. Shibata 



Direct Importer and 
Wbotesftle and Retail Dealer iq 



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apanese Fancy Goods and Old Curios 

336 Kearny Street, bet. Bush and Pine, San Francisco, Cal. 



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Telephone Red 41S1 Old Brocade, Prints, Embroidery and Drawn Work, Etc. 

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Direct Importers of Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods. All Varieries 
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640 Sacramento St., San Francisco, Cal. 



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[6 



" Never with wits and witlings passed my days 
To spread about the itch of verse and praise. 
Nor at rehearsals sweat, and mouthed and cried 
With handkerchief and orange at my side." 

In another of his poems he says: — 

"Not fierce Othello in so loud a strain 
Roar'd for the handkerchief that caused his pain; 
But see how old ambition's aims are crossed 
And chiefs contend till all the prize is lost." 

Many are the secrets confided to this bosom com- 
panion, and its uses are multifarious. It is a powerful 
weapon in the hands of its fair owner to conceal emo- 
tions. In its pathetic role it is the recipient of tears 
and serves to conceal eyes thus burdened. How often 
have handkerchiefs come to Nature's aid and helped 
good breeding by concealing a yawn that " would not 
down at bidding"? How, when twinkling eyes betray 
the smiles that across them chase, does the handkerchief 
smother the low or boisterous laugh ! The wave of this 
dainty bit of feminine attire expresses delight and appro- 
bation to which delicacy forbids more open expression. 
Its flutter revives with redolent perfume memories of 
the modest violet, the queenly rose, and stately lily. 
Could handkerchiefs tell their experience, what sad tales 
they might unfold ! How many secrets confided to 
their care as constant companions could they divulge ! 
How often on the battle-field have they been used to 
stanch the blood flowing from wounds that threatened 
life! 

Failing, perhaps, in this errand of mercy, they have 
been sent to dear ones at home, bearing in their folds 
the last tender message of heroes who have passed to 
"that undiscovered country from whose bourne no 
traveler returns." 

The Chautauquans have also converted this piece 
of feminine attire into use, the waving of the same being 
a signal of welcome or sign of approbation at sentiments 
expressed in their hearing. 

In childish romance it has played no inconspicuous 
part. How solicitous have been the youthful listeners 
to the misfortunes of Fatima, Blue Beard's last wife, 
whose life was saved by a handkerchief! Fatima's ill- 
treatment and suffering having aroused juvenile sympathy 
even to tears, how suddenly they are chased away by 
smiles and rejoicing at the announcement that the wave 
of sister Anne's handkerchief has summoned the knights 
who save Fatima's life ! 

Poor little Red Riding Hood had covered her 
basket of cheese-cake with a handkerchief when en route 
to her grandmother's cottage. After the wolf's savory 
meal of the old lady, and whilst little Red Riding Hood 
was spreading her handkerchief on the table, she was 
ruthlessly seized by the wolf, who made one swallow of 
cheese-cake, kerchief and all. 

Who that ever enjoyed an evening with the great 
Burton, and witnessed his impersonations of Aminidab 
Sleek, but will recall how assiduous were his efforts to 
promote the good of a missionary society ? With the 
I Rev. Stiggins, he was untiring in recommending to the 
attention of this noble society the great need which the 
Ethiopians in Zanzibar, born and unborn, had "for red 
flannel shirts and moral pocket-handkerchiefs." 

None can help rejoicing over the handkerchief the 
Artful Dodger drew from the pocket of Mr. Brownlow, 
ind few will fail to remember how many "wipes" Oliver 
Twist saw while in the Jew's den. 

Refined natures have made the use of the handker- 
chief universal, and have improved its designs and deco- 
rations, until it has become a work of art. 

There are classes who regard the handkerchief as an 



extravagant and superfluous addition to the toilet, and 
only use them on Sunday,/(?/^ days, and holidays. In 
hands awkward in their use, what fantastic tricks they 
cut! Emblazoned with hollyhocks, peonies, and gaudy 
poppies, so unlike nature as to require their names 
recorded under them, they are seen conspicuously pinned 
in the belt or adjusted to fans that display their decora- 
tions at every wave. Those painted with mottoes, wish- 
ing "A Happy New Year" or "Merry Christmas," 
usually are conspicuous on the Fourth of July. Those 
adorned with the national colors and the statement, — 

" Squeak the fife and beat the drum. 
Independence day has come," 

usually make their debut over crackling log-fires in 
gloomy December. Some carry them simply as an 
ornament, but should necessity suggest a trial, then 
"they blow their nose as if it belonged to an enemy." 
Robinson Crusoe's adventures with his man Friday, 
parrot and savages are the decorations most craved by 
little boys for their handkerchiefs, whilst little girls prefer 
the misfortunes of Red Riding Hood, Fatima, or Cin- 
derella of glass-slipper fame. 

Alphabets are taught young prattlers, and multiplex 
vexations made easy to older pupils, by the use of 
handkerchiefs. 

Before parting with a subject so full of interest, it 
is well to consider its importance as a means of coquetry, 
and in the hands of an American belle, as dangerous a 
weapon as the fan wielded by Spain's daughters. Strange, 
too, that though as far as size is concerned it is the 
most insignificant article of a lady's toilet, yet it appeals 
more forcibly to the imagination than any other item of 
her dress. V, B. H. 



Last month I. Magnin & Co., 912-922 Market 
Street, inaugurated a reform in their business hours. 
"Magnin's" now open at 9 a. m. and close at 5:30 p. m., 
shortening the labor of the clerks and saleswomen one 
hour and a half daily. We earnestly hope the public 
(and we have no doubt that the clubwomen who read 
this notice) will evince their approval and appreciation 
of such a move by doing their shopping within the 
hours named. Would that such a happy state of things 
existed in all the other stores, giving the employees the 
needed fresh-air walk in the bright daylight before going 
home for the evening supper, recreation and rest. 



TKe American "Woman 

A German baron, who has been traveling and ob- 
serving in this country several months, was asked what 
he thought of the American women, and in his answer 
stumbled like most foreigners into a common but none 
the less peculiar blunder. "The American woman," he 
is credited with saying, "is truly a product of your cli- 
mate, all vigor and freshness and a gentle agressiveness 
that makes her a delightful contrast to the monotonous 
sameness of her less vivacious sister across the sea." 
Climate cannot possibly have anything to do with the 
development of the typical American woman, for, if it 
had, inasmuch as the United States contains nearly all 
kinds of climate, each one would produce its own type 
of womanhood. Hence, instead of having one stan- 
dard for the sex, the country would have as many as 
there are climatic differences within its boundaries. There- 
fore, there would be no such thing as the typical Ameri- 
can woman over whom foreigners are wont to rant and 
rave. — The S. F. Chronicle, July ig, ig02. 



ceu6 

Me 



7] 



Heramics and Glass Mosaics 



BY KATHERINE M. BALL 



The Los Angeles 'Times of May 4th says: "This 
subject was treated in a masterly manner by Miss Kath- 
erine Ball, supervisor of drawing in the San Francisco 
schools, who is an authority on keramics and Oriental 
art, and Chairman of the Department of Education in the 
California Club of that city. She is a queenly woman in 
appearance, and a magnificent talker. She came to the 
Coast in 1894 and spoke twice at the Woman's Congress 
on 'Correct Dress' and ' Interior Decoration.' She has 
spoken in nearly all the clubs of California, and her at- 
tractive personality has made her popular and in great 
demand. 

"She began her sparkling talk yesterday by telling 
a story of the young man who got stage fright. He 
said when he came to the platform, only God and him- 
self knew what he was going to say, but now only God 
knew. On the contrary, she said, she had so much to 
say and so little time to say it." 

However, I know I am favored by having a sub- 
ject that is of interest to all women. For what good 
housekeeper has not her china cupboard — not to speak 
of at least a few examples of what Mrs. Partington terms 
"objects of bigotry and virtue," if she is not even more 
fortunate, possessing an art collection. 

The culture of an individual naturally determines 
the degree of her need for beautiful things, and when 
she feels this need she generally finds the means of sup- 
plying it. 

All lovers of keramics doubtless have some cases in 
mind which illustrate some of these methods. Probably 
every one has heard of the woman who had such a crying 
need for a pair of vases for her parlor mantel that she 
was obliged to trade off her husband's last year's cloth- 
ing to get them. 

But there are other and different methods. I remem- 
ber, once, while in the studio of a friend, enthusing over 
a delightful cup and saucer, and was told that a dinner 
one day was sacrificed in order to get it. Upon another 
occasion I heard a woman say, coaxingly, to her husband, 
" Get the vase, dear. I will get along without a new hat 
this season." 

When collections are made in this spirit, they are 
expressive of a sincere feeling and a noble desire. It is 
not difficult to understand why Du Maurier touched a 
responsive chord in the hearts of some of us when he 
created the aesthetic young couple who struggled so hard 
to live up to their blue and white china tea-pot. 

The appreciation of the beauty of keramics is not 
the fancy of the faddist, but the genuine and permanent 
feeling of the supersensitive in the realm of .-esthetics. 
When the 17th century man asked the question, "What 
is there in this china that makes scholars, wits and 
women rave so about it?" he simply voiced a question 
that has puzzled many others since that time. 

It is not strange that the masses should pass by the 
Peachblow Vase and wonder why Mrs. Morgan should 
pay ^18,000 for it, or that subsequently it should bring 
$ia,ooo at auction. For the perception of beauty is the 
function of the developed faculty, and after all only a 
small percentage of people have well-trained eyes. 

That the art of the potter is a great art is unques- 
tioned. For in it may be found the greatest possibilities 
for the creation of beauty in form, in color and in deco- 
ration. But, notwithstanding that in all countries and in 
all times the best thought of eminent sculptors and 
painters has been given to the formation of this precious 



fabric, one has but to study the collections in the great 
museums and realize the vast differences in art standards 
to fully appreciate the great superiority of the Chinese 
and Japanese wares over the European productions. The 
serious student of keramics does not marvel at the sum 
of $50,000 recently paid by the Duveen Bros, of New 
York City for the James A. Garland collection of 2,000 
pieces of Chinese porcelains, or that the Blenheim Haw- 
thorne Jar was listed at 125,000; for she knows that 
these things represent the greatest that the world has 
ever achieved in this art, and that, notwithstanding the 
efforts of Europe for the past few centuries, it has been 
impossible to reproduce them. 

Only earthenware and stoneware were known before 
the Portuguese and Dutch brought back to their countries 
the wonderful Chinese porcelains. Then began the Eu- 
ropean search for the secret of its production. Experi- 
ment followed experiment, and invention followed inven- 
tion, so eager being the quest and strong the competition, 
that every discovery was most jealously guarded. Work- 
men were sworn to secrecy and practically imprisoned, 
that they might not reveal the new methods to rival 
factories. 

But all this occured at a time in the world's history 
when there was great skill in manual dexterity, and when 
aesthetic feeling was at a low ebb. It was the period of 
the Renaissance in its worst expression, a period when a 
display of skill and costly material was made to compen- 
sate for the lack of art ideas, and when vulgar combina- 
tions of rococo scrolls and realistic and over-finished 
representations of natural things entirely obscured the 
shapes of objects, and when the significance of the word 
simplicity was almost lost to the world. 

It was also a period when the thought of Europe was 
not only centered upon pictorial representation, such as 
painting and sculpture, but when these arts had begun to 
decline. Under these conditions it is not surprising 
that the art idea of the Orient made little Impression 
upon the people of Europe, even though many Instances 
of attempts at Imitation are apparent In all wares. As a 
result, through the Intervening time, including the pres- 
ent, we find that with very few exceptions, workmen do 
not attempt to design, but leave this important part of 
the work to highly trained artists, who, for commercial 
considerations, turn their attention to the applied art. 
It Is then not to be wondered at that we have realistic 
pictorial painting forced Into the service of adornment, 
until decoration as such has become almost non-existent. 

The work of our own country, until very recently, 
has been only a reflection of that of Europe. It was but 
a step from the Importation of wares to bringing over 
the workmen. 

The first art impulse was that of the overglaze 
painting movement by our women, and it was the 
Interest in this work that doubtless paved the way to 
the Cincinnati experiments. It was the LImoge exhibit 
at the Centennial which set Miss Louise McLaughlin to 
work, while Mrs. Bellamy Storer, then Mrs. Nichols, 
began a line of work suggested by the Japanese display, 
which finally culminated In the Rookwood ware. 

Our museums contain many examples of these early 
efforts, in which incised decorations, inlaid patterns of 
contrasting clays and etched designs, are signed by Miss 
Laura Fry and Mrs. C. Plimpton. The Rookwood 
ware, which Is so well known, not only In this country, 
but In Europe, seems to be the first production from an 



[8 



established factory. Its brown and amber wares have 
become so popular that they have been imitated by a 
number of potteries in the vicinity of Cincinnati, and 
from the quantity of pieces in our shops, which are called 
Lonhuda, Lowelsea, Utopia and even our own Cali- 
fornia Rexton, one feels that in time these brown wares 
will take the place of the ever-present delft imitations so 
conspicuous in commercial collections. 

It was at the World's Fair in Chicago that keramic 
interest was attracted to three different displays — the 
Rookwood, the Royal Copenhagen and the Tiffany 
Favrile Glass, each so unlike the other, but each so 
charming in its way, — the Rookwood, so shapely with 
its soft, warm, rich colors and subordinate decorations ; 
the Copenhagen, so exquisite in its texture and so re- 
fined and delicate in its color schemes of blue violet and 
green grays, with its graceful Japanese decorations, and 
the Tiffany Favrile Glass, so bewitching in its incandes- 
cent play of color and so pleasing in its unique design. 

Since that time the Rookwood pottery, in its effort 
to attain to a higher art, has created a number of new 
compositions in a variety of colors, including the aerial 
blue and iris, a green color. The latest productions are 
the mat glazes, which have a soft, satiny finish. 

While the Rookwood pottery was pursuing its own 
special line of investigation, Miss McLaughlin was ex- 
perimenting in a new field, that of decorative porcelain, 
and after various vicissitudes of fortune, ranging from 
the melting of the entire contents of the first kiln to the 
objections of the neighbors on account of the smoke, she 
has at last produced a ware she calls Losanti, which is 
remarkable on account of its being a porcelain product, 
as well as for its intrinsic beauty and variety of design. 
The pure, white porcelains are incised, modeled and per- 
forated, and in some cases the perforations are filled in 
with transparent glaze, suggestive of the dainty rice- 
grain porcelains of Japan. 

A new note in pottery seems to be the creation of 
metallic lustre glazes, in a variety of effects, that in some 
instances resemble the favrile glass, while others remind 
one of copper, bronze, or even iron ; and we find colors 
scaling from the delicate tints of the spectrum hues 
found in the mother-of-pearl shell to the deeper shades 
of the same color, recalling the shimmering scintillations 
of the raven's wing in the sunlight. 

Of this kind we find the Veroza ware, made at 
Janesville, Ohio, the Scarabronze ware, made at New 
Milford, Conn., the Zsolny Oasin, made in Hungary, 
and the Brouwer ware, made at East Hampton, N. Y. 
Mr. Brouwer calls his ware Fine Painting, a name sug- 
gestive of brilliant coloring. He also claims to have 
discovered the lost art of covering gold-leaf with glaze 
without injuring the metal. 

Another tendency of the times is an awakening of 
the art spirit toward an expression in potting that not 
only recognizes the need of treating the plastic clay in a 
manner suitable to its life and freedom, but also utilizes 
the natural play of glazes and appropriates the happy 
accidents of the kiln. And we find shapes that are no- 
ble, yet simple and unpretentious, shapes in which the 
uninterrupted flow of contour line is as gentle in its 
movement as the stem of a spring flower, and also vary- 
ing textures which range from the sheen that recalls the 
bloom of the peach to the vitreous glaze that reflects as 
perfectly as a mirror. 

Both the Dedham and Grueby ware are expressive 
of these lofty ideas. In the Dedham, Mr. Hugh Rob- 
ertson, the potter, has created two kinds of wares, one a 
gray crackle with blue decoration, similar to the old 
Chinese, and in the other he feels he has discovered the 



method of makmg the Chinese ox-blood; and while ex- A^PtiJ 
perimenting for the Lang-de-boeuf, he produced all ^ ,^ 
kinds of colors and varieties of glazes, some of which £ri|C 
have a beautiful golden lustre. 

The Grueby ware, which is made at Chelsea, is 
wonderful in its soft, dull greens in mat-glaze finish. 
The shapes have a simplicity and grace of contour, en- 
riched by conventional leaves, and so cunningly mod- 
eled that the vases often seem like living things emerg- 
ing from their own foliage. 

But it is not only in form and color that we are ad- 
vancing in this art. In decoration, too, we see a new 
light dawning, and flora and fauna are treated simply and 
broadly as well as subordinately and consistently, while 
the realistic pictorial style of painting is surely passing 
away. 

The Newcomb ware, made in New Orleans, is an 
expression of advanced thought in decoration, where we 
find no slavish reproductions of historic ornament, no 
copying of other wares, but a conventional treatment of 
natural motives. This ware is made by the women stu- 
dents of the Sophie Newcomb Memorial College, under 
the able instruction of Miss Mary G. Sheerer. 

A recent achievement of a woman is that of Mrs. 
S. S. Trackleton of Milwaukee, which consists of a salt- 
glaze stone ware of Rhenish character, decorated in mod- 
eled blue ornaments, and frequently having telling in- 
scriptions on the jugs and tankards. Upon one we find, 
" Man wants but little here below, but wants that little 
strong," somewhat suggestive of the city's principal in- 
dustry. 

At Haddonfield, N. J., we find some interesting 
carved stone ware, while also at the pottery of Mr. Chas. 
C. Benham, New York City, some interesting artistic 
effects have been brought into prominence through the 
etchings of Miss Hannah B. Barlow and her co-workers. 

Another woman who has been working conscien- 
tiously and sincerely, and who has created an original 
product, is our own Mrs. Linna Irelan of San Francisco. 
Mrs. Irelan has associated with her Mr. Alexander 
W. Robertson, a brother of Mr. Hugh Robertson of 
Chelsea, who is a master workman, and whose history, 
with that of his brother, is doubtless as much of a ro- 
mance in this country as is that of the great Palissy of 
France. 

Roblin ware is a faience made of California mate- 
rials, and in a variety of shapes, colors and glazes. The 
decorations consist of dainty lichens, mushrooms, toad- 
stools, graceful lizards, wide-eyed frogs, fungi, and every 
variety of flora, which Mrs. Irelan models directly from 
nature. 

There seems to be an interest in the fictile art 
that never existed before in this country. Will the his- 
tory of other countries repeat itself with us ? Will the 
great resources of our country be developed and every 
State be studded with potteries as are all the counties of 
England? Are we capable of an enthusiasm such as ex- 
isted in Holland in the 17th century, when one-third of 
the 6,000 men of Delft were engaged in the making of 
pottery, and when the youth, instead of going into the 
counting-house, consumed the family income in experi- 
ments in native clays and glazes? 

Would it be possible for any American city to re- 
peat the experience of King-te-ching, in China? Of 
which Longfellow sang: — 

"And birdlike poise on balanced wing. 
Above the town of King-te-Ching — 
A burning town, or seeming so. 
Three thousand fomaces, that glow 
Incessantly, and fill the air 



s>] 



With smoke ascending gyre on gyre — 
And painted by the lurid glare 
Ot jets and flashes of red fire." 

Or will it be possible to create sufficient interest to 
make our Government take a part in the promotion and 
protection of this valuable industry, as in the old world? 

One State institution, the Alfred University of New 
York State, has appropriated money for a summer school 
for the study of pottery making; this is a step in the 
right direction. Other institutions should make the 
subject a regular branch of instruction. Another uni- 
versity, in New Orleans, has a special school in the 
Sophie Newcomb Memorial College for women, of 
which I have spoken. This is one of the most worthy 
and practical institutions in the United States, and should 
be an object lesson to people who have donations to 
make for educational purposes. 

GLASS. 

Another branch of art very closely related to ker- 
amics is that of glass mosaics. Both of these arts are 
flowers of the earth's soil. Both potter and glazier take 
the crude material from the field and convert it into a 
thing of beauty, and the works of both are imperishable. 
Where architecture with its painting and sculpture has 
passed away, the fragments of pottery, porcelain and glass 
remain to tell their stories of the achievement of nations. 

Both of these arts should be of more than usual in- 
terest to us, not only because we enjoy them, but be- 
cause they open new avenues of employment to women. 
We have heard that in keramics a number of women in 
our country have accomplished results that equal those 
of the men; so in glass mosaics, women have for a num- 
ber of years made designs for stained glass windows, and 
frequently have personally overseen the work of the 
men who made them. 

Mrs. Sarah Witman is the head of an establish- 
ment in Boston which produces work equal to any made 
in New York City, while in the Tiffany studios an en- 
tire department is superintended and conducted by 
women workers, and the work they are doing is conclu- 
sive proof that women are fitted by nature for this branch 
of artisan art work. San Francisco has one woman de- 
signer in Mrs. Mary Inglesby Bradford. Several of her 
windows grace churches and public institutions on this 
Coast. 

That the United States has an entirely original art, 
a development of the last twenty-five years, and an art 
that has received the applause of Europe, should be a 
matter of pride to all of us. Some critics even claim 
that the work of Mr. Tiffany and Mr. La Farge has 
placed this craft on the highest plane of perfection that 
has ever been attained in the world's history. 

The new school of window making is founded on 
lines foreign to any that had hitherto prevailed. While 
in the European method all effects of light and shade 
are obtained by enamel painting on clear glass, in the 
American school only the face, hands and flesh portions 
are so treated, and effects of light and shade in the dra- 
pery, as elsewhere, are expressed in the varying thicknesses 
and gradations of the glass itself. To Mr. Tiffany is 
attributed the invention of the opalescent glass from which 
the windows are made, and it was while experimenting 
in this work that he was led to making the vase forms 
that we know of as favrile glass. 

The difference between the European and the 
American school is that the former specializes in the 
representation of perfect form, and its work is merely 
pictorial painting on glass with opaque colors, which at 
best are thin, harsh and colorless, while the latter, the 
American school, not only aims, but succeeds, in making 



decorative compositions in mosaics, which possess the 
brilliancy and pureness of color that can only be found 
in the translucent glass. 

In conclusion, let us ask each other, "What can we 
do to advance these two great arts?" First, the pursu- 
ance of an educational campaign must of necessity lead 
all other movements. Club discussions, with lectures 
from specialists, and club exhibitions of keramics as well 
as glass mosaics, may change our standards of what con- 
stitutes beauty, and possibly make us tearful sometimes 
when we learn that our dolls are filled with sawdust. 
But are we not seeking the truth, and have we not out- 
lived other conceits? 

Ladies, with the promotion of these arts in vour 
hands, the promise of the future is great. When 
America's wonderful resources are touched with the 
imagination of American genius, the world will gain a 
new classic and it will be known as "American." 

CHina 

BY HON. HO row, CONSUL-GENERAL OF CHINA 

Read before the Forum Club 

I will first speak of the social customs of China. 
I have heard in this country many American yarns about 
Chinamen — that we eat dogs and rats; and one time, 
while visiting in the country, a farmer brought a dog 
which he wished me to buy, saying that it was young 
and tender. We think a man who does not follow social 
customs worse than a man who does not pay his debts. 

When a child is born in China, as soon as he can 
speak he is ordained and the philosophy of Confucius 
is taught to him. The most able of tutors is procured 
for this purpose. The tutor holds the first place, even 
takes precedence of the parents. The tutor is respon- 
sible for the success of the child through life, and if he 
fails in his duty he is severely punished. At the age of 
twelve or thirteen the boy is supposed to enter college. 
This he does by a course of examinations; he shuts him- 
self in a room three days before the examination, hardly 
taking time to eat, studying. 

At the age of sixteen, a boy is supposed to be old 
enough to marry. The parents announce their son's 
intention to marry ; then a girl is chosen to be his wife 
from the same grade of society he moves in. A fortune- 
teller is consulted; to him are given the dates of the birth 
of the boy and the girl, and if, according to the fortune- 
teller, their dates do not clash, they can marry. There is no 
engagement ring given in China, but the announcement 
of the engagement is made by passing around the betel- 
nut to the friends. The bride and groom do not see 
each other before the wedding. Some days before the 
wedding, presents are sent to the lady. Two or three 
days before the wedding are set aside for the bride that 
is to be, to cry, and often some of her friends are invited 
to be with her at this time. The day of the wedding 
the groom's parents send a retinue of servants with band 
to escort the bride. The bride wears red, according to 
the Imperial edict. The groom kicks the chair that the 
bride is carried to his home in. The couple must step 
over lighted charcoal, evidently signifying that they will 
have to get used to the hot place in married life, then 
the groom stands on a chair and the bride passes under 
his arms, showing that she will be under his subjection. 
The bride worships with his family at the shrine of his 
ancestors ; she is then shown to his friends. The fourth 
day after the wedding the bride returns to her home and 
changes her clothes, but she must return before nightfall. 
When a lady marries in China she must sever all her 
family ties, devoting herself to her husband and his 
family. 7 his is the reason Chinamen do not care for 



[lO 



girls; they care for male children, so their name and family 
can be perpetuated. There is no divorce law in China, 
and separations between married people very seldom 
occur, as there can be no greater disgrace in the Chinese 
mind than for a woman to leave her husband. 

A boy and girl are considered of age in China at 
the age of sixteen. A son is subject to his parents' rule 
until such time that he can pass examination and make 
a name for himself The wife takes official rank with 
her husband, and his parents follow next in rank, so 
the parents are dependent upon the rank of their son. 
Sons are responsible for the debts of their parents, and 
if the parents die in debt the son is supposed to assume 
that debt. 

A Chinaman considers it very unlucky to be tried 
in court; if he has committed any offense he tries to be 
arraigned before the elders of his village. So boys are 
kept under strict surveillance of their parents, and are 
seldom brought before the courts. When the son be- 
comes an official his mother and wife can follow him to 
his official seat, but his father is not allowed, as his 
political knowledge might interfere. A man cannot be 
appointed to office from the province in which he is born. 
There are seventeen provinces in China, and in each 
province a different dialect is spoken, but their writing 
is similar, and most of the customs are the same. 

The present Dynasty of China does not allow the 
women to take any hand in the government. History 
relates that in olden times women conducted official 
business, but through women much trouble was caused. 
An Emperor lost his seat through a woman, so their 
exclusion from official work was decided upon. History 
also relates of a woman who one thousand years ago 
made a most excellent and capable Empress; she was not 
merely a figurehead, but held full sway of the government. 
She held the throne eighteen years then fell and lost it. 

The Chinamen hold the death ceremony most sacred. 
They believe that when one dies his spirit, if he is good, 
floats away to a high place, and if bad goes below. A 
dead man's name is held in great respect, and his bones 
are protected. When a man dies, after burial friends 
come from afar and bring punk, paper clothing and 
food, which they burn, as they believe anything burnt 
can penetrate the spirit realm where the spirit has flown, 
and thus reach it. They even burn money, and believe 
if the spirit of the dead has gone to the lower region the 
spirit money will reach him and help pay his way out. 
There are thousands of dollars expended each year for 
punk and paper for this purpose. The Chinamen also 
believe that a man's soul can be saved even after death, 
and they employ monks who are trained just for this 
purpose, and for forty-nine days they hold a sort • of 
spiritual service for the dead. If a Chinaman is a mur- 
derer or committed any crime he can expiate his sin by 
becoming a monk. To do this he must shave his head, 
make certain pledges and live on a certain diet and 
strictly abide by the laws of the monks. 

About twenty years after a man has been properly 
buried, his son has his bones taken from his original 
burial-place and removed to some beautiful spot which 
has been chosen by the monks, and usually a good 
charge is made for the place chosen. Chinamen cbn- 
sider this removing of their ancestors' bones will bring 
them very good luck, and in some cases will pay thou- 
sands of dollars to procure the place indicated by the 
monks. Some years ago a poor man was told by the 
monks if he would rebury the bones of his ancestors in 
a spot they indicated he would be very lucky; the man 
having no ancestors buried near, he buried his old 
grandmother alive. 



"'"'iilte«St,:v;iHPi. 




CM 

m 



'Sif <a.«<E ' Ir^WfW^r^. ' ' 



" Fortune-tellers of the flowers. 

Daisies with hearts of gold, 
Down to the field I 've come," she said, 

" Think me not overbold. 

" Daisies, will you my fortune tell ? 

Tell if John I shall wed?" 
Over the field the west wind swept — 

Each daisy bowed its head. 

" Down in the meadow, by the brook, 

John is tossing the hay, 
Daisies, daisies, I love him well. 

Does he love me i" Oh, say!" 

One field daisy of white and gold 

One of the gypsy band, 
Chose she from them, and held it close. 

Close in her small brown hand. 

One white petal — " He loves," she said; 

Two — " He loves not," when lo ! 
John from the field, unseen by her. 

Came in the sunset's glow. 

Came from the field — the hay was spread. 

Daisies, what did he do ? 
He took her hand, and said to her 

" Sweet playmate, I love you !" 

Daisies, daisies, her fortune you told, 
Some day John she will wed. 

Over the field the west wind swept, 
Each daisy bowed its head. 




n] 




THe Story of a Cactus Plant 



Many years ago my home was near the summit of 
Mount Tamalpais. There was a numerous family of us 
living happily and contentedly together, with no fear of 
ever being intruded upon. The thought that some one 
might carry us off to another part of the world never 
entered our little heads. We knew of no other spot. 
This place was our home — our world. Oftentimes we 
felt as though we were carried by a mist into the clouds, 
when suddenly through the warm sunlight the mist 
vanishing into space, we found ourselves as secure to 
terra firm a as we had been before. 

Our lives passed on in this sweet seclusion until the 
grandeur of that great height became known, first 
perhaps by a courageous mountaineer, who scaled its 
limit to enjoy a view so grand and magnificent as to 
court comparison almost the world over. The expression 
of a Californian, you will think! — but you would not 
differ if ever you visited that height — almost sublime. 

A visitor chanced by our habitation, and admiring 
us for our simplicity perhaps, or to carry a thought in a 
tangible form, he stooped and cut me from my parent 
stem, wrapped and stowed me carefully away some- 
where — where I could not even guess. My first feeling 
was that of indignation — my poor little face trying its 
utmost to show it — then followed a feeling of fear and 
dread in thus leaving the only home I had ever known! 
I resented being carried away, but he did not understand. 
I was powerless and had to submit. My heart, though, 
was left behind — my thoughts ever recurring to my 
beloved home on the mountain top. My captor's kind 
look, and maybe a gentle word spoken whilst taking me, 
reassured me eventually. His evident love for one so 
simple and plain (being carried away with him so care- 
fully and tenderly), made me instinctively feel I could 
trust him, and in some other spot of dear Mother Earth 
I would be put and there grow again. 

We descended the mountain trail at times smoothly 
but more frequently ajar, when, as I thought my cour- 
ageous captor seemed to lose his footing, and suddenly, 
and maybe unwillingly, took a rest. This downward 
tramp came at last to an end. I was taken on board the 



train awaiting us at the station, then to the steamer, and 
across the bay. 

The familiar and welcome breezes on this last part 
of our journey seemed to give me new life, as they 
brought to me thoughts of the dear ones left behind, for 
instinctively I felt that only by the greatest chance would 
I ever reach that dear home again. 

I was taken to a friend whose love for such as me 
was known, who cared for me, and so well, that I rapidly 
grew to surprising proportions, thereby rewarding the 
kindness I received with a spirit and will, trying to give 
the best I was capable of, growing strong and if possible 
beautiful also, giving the pleasure my care had a right 
to demand. That I was successful in the first instance 
my large family, now near a quarter of a century growing 
in your midst, will tell, where we are distributed among 
friends who have been told who we are, where our home 
was, and how we came to your beautiful city, no longer 
lonely for me, as we are many, all strong and sturdy 
plants. But whether we have succeeded in the second 
instance I must leave to you to say, only in this I wish 
to be understood: if we are plain and not pretty in a 
general way it is perhaps because we give up all the 
loveliness we possess to our blossom, which far super- 
sedes the wild flower or plant not only in beauty and 
color, but dimensions as well. 

Whatever our botanical name may be we have not 
tried to discover. I was named by a dear friend " Bar- 
barita " (Little Barbara), and by this name we are known 
in that circle, and will with great reluctance ever accept 
any other. 

Here my journey ends. Expressing my satisfaction 
and happiness in my adopted sphere, where I felt at once 
an assurance of being with those who love and admire 
plants and flowers; and to you who really do I have this 
simple plea to make: when given a slip or plant just 
whisper a gentle and kindly word as that visitor to my 
mountain home did, care for it as my new-found friend 
did, and it will reward you with the same spirit which so 
naturally springs from the heart in response to a kind- 
ness shown. I'ry it; I know you will succeed. 



U^ 



Coronation of Inez de Castro 

Undoubtedly the most tragic of the long series of 
coronations which history records was that of Inez de 
Castro, who was crowned after death in the year 1357. 

Don Pedro, the eldest son of the king of Portugal, 
entered into a secret marriage with the beautiful daughter 
of a Castilian gentleman who had taken refuge at the 
court of Portugal. After some years had elapsed, the 
fierce anger of the king, one of the crudest of men, 
was excited against this unfortunate lady, and, though 
she flung herself at his feet along with her little children, 
and pleaded for her life, he allowed her to be dragged 
from his presence by three of his councilors and foully 
stabbed to death. 

Two years after this terrible murder had been com- 
mitted, Don Pedro came to the throne, and still full of 
burning rage and inconsolable grief over the cruel death 
of his beloved wife, he had her assassins arrested and 
put to a terrible death. He then called an assembly 
of the states and solemnly swore on the Holy Gospels 
that he had been legally married to Inez de Castro. 

Her body was lifted from the grave, seated, dressed 
in royal robes, on a most magnificent throne, and crowned 
Queen of Portugal. After the nobles had done homage 
to the dead body of the queen and kissed the once lovely 
hand, the body was reinterred with the utmost pomp 
and ceremony and with all the honors due to a queen. 
This tragic and romantic story has naturally formed the 
theme of dramas and poems. In Mrs. Heman's beau- 
tiful poem, "The Coronation of Inez de Castro," the 
strange and weird spectacle is vividly depicted in the 
following words : — 

And within that rich pavilion. 

High on a glittering throne, 
A woman's form sat silently 

'Midst the glare of light alone. 
Her jewel'd robes fell strangely still — 

The drapery on her breast 
Seem'd with no pulse beneath to thrill. 

So stone-like was its rest. 

And beside her stood in silence 

One with a brow as pale, 
And white lips rigidly compress' d. 

Lest the strong heart should fail ; 
King Pedro, with a jealous eye. 

Watching the homage done 
By the land's flower and chivalry 

To her, his martyr' d one. 



And tearlessly and firmly 

King Pedro led the train, 
But his face was wrapt m his folding robe, 

When they lower'd the dust again. 
'Tis hush'd at last, the tomb above. 

Hymns die, and steps depart ; 
Who call'd thee strong as Death, O Love ? 

Mightier thou wert and art ! 

— The Scotsman, Edinburgh. 



Asleep in the Coronation Chair 

Many grim tales have been told about the old 
" Stone of Scone," and one of them is the adventure of 
Pcrcival Abbott, who slept a night in it. 

Abbott was a Westminster School boy, and he 
made a wager with a schoolmate that he dare stay in 
the Abbey all night alone. He hid himself within the 
building until the doors were locked for the night. 
Fearing, however, that when morning came the boy 
with whom he had made the bet would disbelieve the 
statement that he had won it, he determined to have 
some proof of the fact, and so spent the early hours of 
the morning in carving on the coronation chair the sen- 
tence, which, even now, more than a century after, bears 
witness for him. 

Cut boldly into the solid oak seat, in sprawling 
letters, is recorded, " P. Abbott slept in this chair, 
January 4, in the year 1801." 



The photograph of King Edward, now hanging on 
the walls of our office, and taken by Mr. Taber when in 
London, is the finest I 've seen of his Majesty. Hap- 
pening to be in London at the same time, I saw Mr. 
Taber, in a hansom, drive out of the Hotel Cecil as I 
was walking in, smoking his cigar with his usual sang- 
froid and seemingly enjoying to the full the magnetic 
atmosphere of London. I hailed, of course, delighted 
to seea"kent" face from San Francisco in "London 
Town," but too late to catch the eye of our chief of 
photographers. 



Members of clubs not having subscribed for their 
official paper, " Club Life," will kindly call on or send 
in their names with one dollar for one year's subscrip- 
tion to the Secretary, Miss Sue Thomas, Room 202, 
Hearst Building, San Francisco. 



Little May, aged two years, was taken to the door 
one day to see an organ-grinder with a monkey. She 
"shook hands" with it and gave it a penny. 

On being asked what the monkey did with the 
penny, she said, "Jist took it in his hand and gied it 
to his father." 



Clubwomen going to the country will find VELVETA 
— par excellence, the finest freckle and sunburn pre- 
ventative known. Used instead of powder; cool and 
refreshing. Sold by inventor, Val Schmidt, southwest 
corner Polk and Jackson Streets, San Francisco, and 
everywhere. 



€eu6 

Btfe 




*3] 



MRS. M. fy. DENVER, ProfrUior 



*Vp O TELEPHONE MAIN 583 

The Hotel Bella Vista 



Btfe 



'''''IrN^FRANmcr"'''" Corner Pine and Taylor Sts. 



Elegant Furnishings and Appointments 




BEST HOUSE COAL 

SOLD BY ALL DEALERS 
AT 810 DELIVERED . . . 

Name the Coal when You Order 




THE BEST FRENCH LAUNDRY IN TOWN 
J. P. LACAZE & CO. 

Telephone East 615 
829 Sutter Street, Between Leavenworth and Jones, S. F. 

F.A.sw^i., 2'//£ ORIGINAL E.,.biuhcd .856 

Swain's Bakery and Restaurant 

Telephone Grant 31 

No. 2TJ Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal. 



Geo. W. Caswell Co. 



Telephone 

Private Exchange 51 



Importers and Manufacturers 

TEAS, COFFEES, SPICES, EXTRACTS 
BAKING POWDER and OLIVE OIL 



412-414. Sacramento Street 



San Francisco, Cal, 



The finest grades of Meat only at 



Telephone Eatt JJ^ 



The Cable Market Co, 

IMMEDIATE SERVICE 

S. E. Corner Polk and California Streets, San Francisco 





Telephone Scott 2U3 



Thos. Brodie 

Plumbing, Gas and Steam Fitting. 



Z403 California Street, San Francisco 

Jobbing Promptly Attended to 



Telephone East 431 



Established 1870 



ARR AlVTOVTCH ^ CO finest kinds of fruits 

nUI\/\lVlW V IV-ll IX V-Vy. AND VEGETABLES, ETC. 
1654 POLK STREET, Corner Clay. San Francisco 

Telephone East IIC For Oy.>c,.,Sl„imp., crab., Cl.m., 
. . * si Hifih-Grade Tamale* and Oyiter LoiTei 

Telephone Oyster Co. ••••■443 Po"^ Sfeet 



CLUBWOMEN 

DO YOU EVER STOP TO THINK 

how easy it is to do some things ? 

CHILI-PEKA 

Wonderfully appetizing, makes cooking easy and eating a pleasure. 
It simplifies the preparation of" all Spanish Dishes. If your grocer 
does not have it, send us his name and address and we will mail you 
a sample bottle free. 

FRANK H. LOCKYER SUPPLY CO. 

1139 FoUom Street, San PranclKo, Cal. 




iS0L¥EI 

refreshing andsatisfyingdrinK 
oneeo'tM 

Vienna Model Bakery and Cafe 

POST AND KEARNY STS. 

Special attention given ladies Miss M. E. Leiry 

J. H. A. FOLKERS & BRO. 



Importers of 



Surgical Instruments and Dental Goods 

Manufacturers of Trusses and Apparatus for Deformities, Etc. 
Elastic Stockings and Belts 

S15 M:ARK:BX street Telephone south 166 



TK- T^ 1 ^ T\ C* made by the Imperial Studio arc 

=rarcnment rroois the sweiiest twng the photog. 

rapher's art has yet produced. 
There are plenty of imitations. The real thing is a little more expeniive| but Is 
worth the difference. 



Phqnb Red 746 



IMPERIAL STUDIO 

724 Market Street 



SAN FRANCISCO 



p/^TRICK & CO 

RUBBER STAMPS • 

STENCiLS.SEA-S.BRANDS.ETC, 
221 SanSOME St S'^NpRANCISCO. 




NCAHCST THt CITY 



[14 



BanKrupt Lun^s 



BY DR. FREDERICK W. D EVELYN 



€fu6 
Me 



It is a matter of frequent surprise, not alone to the 
layman but to the professional expert, how very many 
instances of acute lung disease occur, febrile or other- 
wise, in which the actual lung area involved is very 
limited, but which assume, with unaccountable rapidity, 
urgently dangerous if not really fatal characteristics. 
Critical investigation will discover that in a large percent- 
age of these cases the causation will be found in areas 
of lung tissue, often of considerable extent, where the 
duty of respiration has been for a long time passively 
or imperfectly performed. To these pre-existing areas 
of inaction are suddenly added new areas invalided by 
active disease. The lungs, however, are unable to imme- 
diately transform the inactive areas into areas of activity, 
and the result is that a larger area of the lung tissue is 
rendered functionally useless ; that is, the former crip- 
pled lung gives to the new disease a factor of aggrava- 
tion which of itself it did not possess. The lung is 
functionally bankrupt, a "run" is made upon its re- 
sources, which it cannot " honor" in time, and disaster 
follows. It is a national axiom, "In time of peace pre- 
pare for war." May we not extend the practice, and in 
time of health prepare for disease? "Health" is by 
many interpreted rather vaguely ; they indeed accept for 
health a condition which could more truthfully be 
defined rather as the absence of disease, they conclud- 
ing that this condition of negation must of necessity 
guarantee that they enjoy its functional counterpart, a con- 
dition of actual positiveness — actual health. Thus satis- 
fied they intrust to this " health " the routine of their exist- 
ence, which it may suffice to maintain until its deficiency 
is revealed by a demand for help, and its inability to 
respond reveals at once the delusion. There is no 
reserve of functional power, and bankruptcy is at once 
self-evident, to the surprise of the patient, and the con- 
sternation of his friends. Few tissues of the body admit 
of this error of valuation more readily than the lungs; 
in some measure due to their mechanism. In the uncon- 
scious breathing which constitutes ordinary respiration 
the influx and efflux of tidal air is really very limited, 
employing only in a moderate degree the actual breath- 
ing capacity of the lungs. For this reason we are able 
to locate quiescent areas, where the expansion of the 
lung and the interchange of air is reduced to a minimum. 
In these areas a slight accentuation of this condition is fol- 
lowed by a lowering of function which becomes, as we have 
already noted, the determining factor in lung bankruptcy. 

To more clearly demonstrate the local changes thus 
induced, it will be necessary to point out as simply as 
possible, avoiding histological details, some points in the 
more minute formation of the lungs. 

The lungs are masses of tissue, specialized in struc- 

I 



ture and function to allow the air to get at the blood 
and the blood to get at the air, a mechanical and a 
vital combination, the harmonious balance of which 
constitutes respiration. The ultimate divisions of the 
bronchial tubes are the air-sacs, the walls, or sides, of 
which are feeble structures, the essential elements of their 
structure being blood - channels, elastic tissue, and a 
peculiar lining membrane termed epithelium. The in- 
tegrity of this sac, or cell, guarantees lung-power. Now 
observe what takes place in one of these cells when from 
any cause it is included in an area of inactivity. The 
rate of the blood movement is reduced ; it takes it longer 
to encircle the cell ; congestion, with increased pressure, 
follows; but this is a condition these thin-walled channels 
were not formed to endure. To relieve the pressure, the 
watery part of the blood oozes through and forces itself 
into the lining of the air-sac, or cell, which thus becomes 
water-logged. Assuming that the change goes no fur- 
ther, still it is very evident that that cell is deranged, 
functionally impaired, — it is bankrupt. Extend this 
process, as we actually find, to innumerable cells, and the 
entire area, often considerable, is bankrupt, — i. e. unfit. 
The vital capacity of the lung is just so much reduced ; 
a lien is placed upon the health-standing of the patient, 
which may at any day be transformed into an unredeem- 
able mortgage. To this condition of the lung add some 
aggravating factor, of which there are many, — e. g. over- 
work, exposure, mental depression, or mal-nutrition, — and 
a condition is established as insidious as it is foreboding. 
The water-logged lining of the cell becomes detached, 
thus removing nature's barrier; an unprotected "spot" 
results, which invites infection ; the germ finds an 
open door and a favorable breeding-place. To the 
mechanical results of inaction have been added a vital 
element which gives a possibility of the most un- 
desirable consequences. It would be possible to 
elaborate the interpretation of the significance of these 
areas of inactivity, but that is not our purpose. We 
simply desire to show that these " faults " demand 
recognition, and, with their possibilities of evil, are not 
" matters of indifference." They are neither as benign 
or as tractable as we should wish. Actual experiment has 
shown that frequently they resist ordinary methods of 
expansion, simply moving en bloc with the lung, not 
opening up until some effort is made to alter the tension 
of the external air pressure as opposed to that of the 
internal or intra-pulmonary air. Preventive medicine, 
so active for sanitation, dental repair, and ocular exam- 
inations, might broaden its application, and in the recog- 
nition of some of the more subtle factors of danger, 
perhaps successfully reduce the long list of ills which 
nature has rendered possible and man rendered certain. 




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The many who knew the Rev. James Fell and 
appreciated his untiring energy and labor in establishing 
the Seaman's Institute in this city, will be interested in 
his book, "The British Seamen in San Francisco," which 
tells in his strong, honest way, of the difficulties con- 
fronting the sailor who arrives in a strange port, and the 
temptations with which he has to contend. Through his 
indefatigable spirit, his splendid sympathy with the men, 
and the co-operation of the innumerable friends he had 
made here, he succeeded in establishing the Seaman's 
Institute. His account of many unusual experiences 
while engaged in this work, makes exceedingly interest- 
ing reading. 

Heretofore very little attention has been given by 
the people of California to the industry of book-binding 
as an art. Lately the interest has been growing, and 
many ladies who have wished to become more familiar 
with, and experienced in the work, have found themselves 
very much handicapped by the insufficient means and 
opportunities offisred. 

It is due to Paul Elder of "Elder & Shepard" that 
an association is being formed for the purpose of foster- 
ing this movement and promoting a more general interest 
in the work. 

The first public work of the association will be an 
exhibition of book-binding in the fall. 

The leading contemporary binders of the world will 
be represented — Leon Gruel & Domond, of Paris, 
Cobden-Sanderson, of London, and others. 

The formation of the association is attended with 
much interest, as was manifested by a most enthusiastic 
meeting on the evening of July lid. 

The August number of "Sunset Magazine," pub- 
lished by the Southern Pacific Passenger Department, 
will be of special interest to literature collectors. There 
will be published the facsimile manuscript of Bret Harte's 
"Dickens in Camp," never before reproduced; also a 
rare portrait of Harte as he appeared when in California. 
Tributes to that author from Edward F. Cahill, W. C. 
Morrow, and C. S. Aiken will be given. 

A short story, by Juliet Wilbor Tompkins, an essay, 
by Gelett Burgess, and the eighth paper on "Horses of 
California," by Joseph Cairn Simpson, will be features 
of the number, which will also contain elaborately illus- 
trated articles descriptive of San Mateo and Stanislaus 
Counties. 

The August issue of "Camera Craft" is unusually 
interesting, being a special Woman's Number, illustrated 
entirely by women. The leading article is by Miss Helen 
L. Davie, a prominent clubwoman and photographer of 
Los Angeles. The illustrations comprise one or more 
prints from each of the leading women photographers of 
the West. 

If we will take the good we find, asking no questions, 
we shall have heaping measures. The great gifts are not 
by analysis. Everything good is on the highway. — 
Emerson. 

San Francisco Blue DooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1902-1903, contains names, 
addresses and officers of the leading Women's Clubs. Address all 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 



[16 



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Club Life Office. Room 202, Hearst Building, S. F. 



Contents 



The California Outdoor Art League — Ella C. B. Fassett \ 
The Treble Clef Club ...... i 

The California Historic Landmarks League — Laura 
Bride Powers ...... 

Association Pioneer Women of California . 
The Corona Club ...... 

The Papyrus Club ...... 

California State Floral Society 

Pioneer Daughters ...... 

The Adelphian Club, Alameda 

The Criterion Club, Alameda .... 

Library Department ..... 

Romance of Kah-botin — "Casa Boneur" 

The Alden Club ...... 

Traveling Picture Work ..... 

What the Newspapers Say .... 

Philharmonic Election ..... 

Piano Recitals ...... 

Pure Olive Oil — Vincent C. Smith 

Book Reviews ...... 



3 

3,4 

4 

. 4 

4 

• 4 
5 

• 5 
7 

8-12 

12 

. 12 

• 13 
13 

• 15 
16 



Entered July 10, I g O 2 , as Second-class Matter 
Postoffice at San Francisco, Cat. Act of Congress of March j, iSjg 



THE STANLCV-TAYIOR CO., SAN rRANCISCO 



Club Life 



Vol. 1. 



SEPTEMBER, 1902 



No. 5. 



TKe California Outdoor A.rt League 

THE league's motto: 
"The beautiful rests on the foundation of the necessary," — Emerson. 



The "California Outdoor Art League," organized 
in the Young Men's Christian Association Building, San 
Francisco, May 28, 1902, may be termed the aftermath 
of the Biennial. 

It owes its existence to the inspiration of Mrs, Her- 
man J. Hall, of Chicago, Vice-President of the "Amer- 
ican Park and Outdoor Art Association," and President 
of the " Woman's Auxiliary," with which organizations 
the league is affiliated. 

The league is incorporated according to the laws 
of California, The objects of the organization are: 

To preserve the natural attractions of localities and 
to enhance the beauties thereof through the artistic de- 
velopment of parks, gardens, streets, and of all objects 
which go to the construction and embellishment of cities 
and towns ; and, furthermore, the aims of the league 
shall be to advance the interests of forestry, and to ac- 
quire and improve lands for public parks and reserva- 
tions, and to promote all work relating to the artistic and 
industrial development of California. 

At the mass-meeting which initiated the organization, 
Mrs. George Law Smith proposed the name of Mrs. 
Lovell White for the presidency. The nomination was 
enthusiastically received, and Mrs, White was elected. 

The officers are: 

Mrs, W, G, Curtis, First Vice-President. 

Mrs. Eleanor Martin, Second Vice-President. 

Mrs. Edward F. Glaser, Corresponding Secretary. 

Miss Mary G, Gorham, Recording Secretary. 

Mrs. J. R. Martin, Treasurer. 

These, with the following named ladles, make up 
the directory : 

Mrs. C. C. RIedy, Mrs. E. P. Schell, Mrs. Carl Renz, 
Mrs, Luther Wagoner, Mrs. H. H. Fassett. 

Despite the fact that the league came into existence 
at a period of the year when all club work is supposed 
to be at a standstill, both the active and associate mem- 
bership has steadily increased, and conditions now indi- 
cate that the roster will hold the names of the majority 
of the men and women whose civic pride and artistic 
instincts have created in their imaginations visions of 
the " City Beautiful," which San Francisco Is elected to 
be, once there is a united effort of kindred minds. 

The time is indeed ripe for the systematic beautifi- 
cation of our fair city, who, seated in queenlike majesty 
on a throne of hills overlooking one of the most beauti- 
ful harbors In the world, commands her subjects to adorn 
her with all fitness to her superb location and unparalled 
climate. She does not cry in vain, for men and women, 
I artists and laymen, city officials, men of affairs, all prop- 
j erty holders are ready for the plans of great designers, 
for all that science and art can contribute for the fitting 
\ consummation of a great plan. 



The first work attempted by the " Outdoor Art 
League " is the planting of the grounds of three school 
buildings — the Rincon, the Mission High and the La- 
fayette. We are indebted to the great landscape gardener, 
Mr. Ossian C. Simonds, of Chicago, for the plans. 

There is an especial fitness in this beginning, because 
we have the example of Europe with eighty-one thousand 
school gardens; and then, school buildings and their 
surrounding grounds should be object lessons in archi- 
tecture and landscape gardening. Our public schools 
should encourage the study of plants and trees with ref- 
erence to their decorative use in the town, the park and 
the highway. 

Simultaneously certain streets south of Market were 
taken under consideration, and a real missionary work 
begun by the ladles of the league, who, trowel In hand, 
have planted, and so made the most personal appeal to 
residents of this district to beautify their homes with 
gardens. Flowers and seeds have been generously do- 
nated by florists and wholesale seed men. 

Plants and cuttings distributed among the children 
at the "Columbia Square Boys' and Girls' Playgrounds" 
were received with great enthusiasm, and good reports 
come of flower boxes and home gardens started by the 
children. There is a strong desire to cover all available 
walls and fences with vines, and we are offering every 
encouragement. g^LA C. B, Fassett, 

Official Correspondent of the " California 
Outdoor Art League," 

The Treble Clef Club, which has made for itself a 
name and place in musical circles in this city, is beginning 
now upon the fifth year of its work. Too much credit 
cannot be given to Mrs, Nathan H, Frank, who, as 
president for two years, won universal praise for her 
management of club matters. It was through her intel- 
ligence, good judgment and thorough knowledge of the 
work, that the Treble Clef Club prospered and attained 
its present degree of prominence. The concert given at 
the close of the last season reflected much credit upon 
her executive ability, being well managed In every detail. 

The club resumed work the third week of August, 
with a good membership present. The work for the 
coming year will be entirely new and of such a nature as 
to keep alive the Interest by requiring individual applica- 
tion and study. 

The services of Mr. Robert Lloyd, the well-known 
director, have been secured for the year. The newly 
elected president, Mrs. Fannie C. Smith, supported by 
an efficient corps of officers, will no doubt maintain the 
standard of excellence which the club has enjoyed In past 
years. 



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The Galifornia Historic LandinarKs 
League 

"Well begun is half done!" The California 
Historic Landmarks League, though but two months 
old, has fared forth upon a most promising career. Its 
objects — the preservation of the noted landmarks of the 
State, and the encouragement of the study of California 
history — have met with generous approval from that 
part of the public which thinks. 

A nucleus for the incorporation was made possible 
by a consolidation of committees or members from the 
following bodies : Pioneers, Pioneer Women, Pioneer 
Daughters, Native Sons, Native Daughters, Young 
Men's Institute, Teachers' Club, Veteran Firemen's 
Association, California Club, and the Women's Press 
Association. These representatives met on May 2ist 
to discuss plans for organization. Incorporation and 
election of officers followed in June, and the roll opened 
for members. Dues were fixed at $i per year, and 
through the influence of a well-disposed press and an 
energetic canvass of friends, the league holds in the 
treasury, or will, when the Joint Committee of the 
N. S. G. W. turns over its generous contribution, 
$1,200. Of this, $1,100 is a gift from the patriotic Native 
Sons. That every dollar received shall do the duty for 
which it was contributed, no salaries are paid to officers — 
even the architects who will prepare plans for restora- 
tions, offering their labors gratuitously. 

To allay the fears of those who know the difference 
between restoration and annihilation, let it be said that 
an Advisory Board, upon which are three artists and 
three architects, will pass upon all plans and specifica- 
tions. Therefore, the unpardonable sin that was perpe- 
trated at Carmel Mission will not be committed in the 
name of the California Landmarks League. And let us 
give thanks devout for that ! 

As to the plans for the future, great things are in 
embryo. It is the desire of the league to do that which 
is most imperative first. 

Most famous of our landmarks are unquestionably 
the Old Missions — those oases of civilization in the 
wilderness of the long ago. Many of them are now being 
cared for bravely by the Landmarks Club of Southern 
California, but since its sworn realm is below the 
Tehachapi, the Landmarks League must take care of 
missions on this side of the Pass. Most beautiful of 
these ancient ruins is San Antonio de Padua, near Kings 
City, founded in 1770 by Padr^ Junipero Serra. It is 
here that the league must begin. The roof has van- 
ished ; the adobe walls are fast yielding to the pitiless 
elements, and unless prompt action be taken, the 
destruction of San Antonio is imminent. 

It has been promised that help will be extended by 
the neighboring farmers in the way of teams, and per- 
haps of labor. The Indians about the mission can be 
counted upon to contribute something, too ; it will not 
be cash, of course, but they are willing to lend their 
hands. Mr. Lummis, of the club in the southland, 
tells me that the Indians down his way have given 127 
days' work toward restoring the Pala Chapel and 
buildings. 

Mr. Jos. R. Knowland, the President of the league, 
has appointed an Investigating Committee, composed of 
Architect Will D. Shea, J. J. Lermen and the Secretary, 
to visit San Antonio during the current month; a report 
to be filed at the next general meeting of September 
1 2th, at Native Sons' Hall. 

At the last meeting of the Board of Directors, a 
committee was appointed to investigate the possibility of 



placing a tablet upon the reconstructed walls of "Old 
Fort Gunnybags," the home of the famous Vigilance 
Committee of '56. The memorialization of this historic 
spot is one of the immediate desires of the Landmarks 
League. 

Now, the vital question of it all is, Who is going to 
help make this work possible ? It takes dollars. One 
member at$i per year will buy twenty tiles with which 
to roof the famous San Antonio de Padua, beloved by 
all who have stood within its ruined walls, and immor- 
talized by Charles RoUo Peters through his weird and 
mystic brush. 

Laura Bride Powers, Secretary, 



Association Pioneer Women of California 

On August 28, 1900, pursuant to a call issued by 
Mrs. Noble Marlin, six ladies met in the parlor of Pio- 
neer Hall for the purpose of forming a society similar to 
the Society of California Pioneers, as the women of Cali- 
fornia had their share of hardships in helping to build 
their homes in this then far-distant land. 

The objects of this association shall be as follows: 

To collect and preserve the history and reminis- 
cences of pioneer women. 

To cultivate social intercourse. 

To foster the industries and development of Cali- 
fornia. 

To sympathize with and encourage workers, and to 
co-operate with those who are working for the preserva- 
tion of the forests and song birds. 

To familiarize the members with the laws of the 
State bearing on the above mentioned interests. 

At this meeting Mrs. Noble Marlin was elected 
president, Mrs. Ann Fassett Germain secretary, and Mrs. 
Thorndyke treasurer. 

The meeting then adjourned to meet Saturday, Sep- 
tember I, 1900, to complete organization. 

At this meeting twenty more pioneer women joined 
and signed the roll as charter members. They chose for 
their name, "Association Pioneer Women of California." 

The following members were elected: 

First Vice-President, Mrs. Marion Bain Cumming. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. Mary Burke Von der 
Mehden. 

Mrs. Germain having resigned, Mrs. Louise Shep- 
heard Chase was elected secretary. 

Assistant Secretary, Mrs. Anna E. Mclntyre. 

At a meeting in October Mrs. Thorndyke having 
resigned, Mrs. Margaret F. McCormick was elected 
treasurer. 

Marshal, Mrs. Mary J. Wheeland. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS 

Mrs. A. E. Mclntyre. 

Mrs. Agnes B. Macdonald. 

Mrs. Anna Yount Reed. 

On March 7, 1901, the Association applied for and 
obtained a charter, and incorporated under the laws of 
the State of California. 

August 2, 1 901, the first election took place. All the 
above officers were re-elected with the addition of Mrs. 
Hattie Patterson Watt and Mrs. Emma E. Shaw to the 
list of directors. Mrs. Watt joined the " Silent Major- 
ity" February 20th of the present year, and Mrs. Au- 
gusta Copp Holmes was elected to fill her place. 

August I, 1902, the following officers were elected 
for the coming year : 



CM 



5] 




mick. 



President, Mrs. Anna E. Mclntyre. 
First Vice-President, Mrs. E. P. Thorndyke. 
Second Vice-President, Mrs. Emily Baillie Geary. 
Secretary, re-elected, Mrs. Louise Shepheard Chase. 
Financial Secretary, Mrs. Mary Harding Gamage. 
Treasurer, re-elected, Mrs. Margaret F. McCor- 

Marshal, Miss Adelaide A. Rowe. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS 

Mrs. Augusta Copp Holmes, re-elected. 
Mrs. Louise Berryman. 
Miss Grace L. Trevor. 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

Mrs. Marion Bain Gumming. 
Mrs. Sarah Atwill Keith. 
Mrs. Agnes B. Macdonald. 
Mrs. Sarah Richardson. 
Mrs. Emma C. Shaw. 

The association meets the first Friday of each month 
in Golden Gate Hall, 625 Sutter Street. 

TKe Corona Club 

The Corona Club convened August 14th and a5th 
for the fall season, at the Mission Masonic Temple, 
2668 Mission Street. 

" Evolution of English Fiction " is the course of 
study decided upon for the September, October and 
November conclaves. The September meetings will be 
held on the afternoons of the nth and 25th, when an 
unusually interesting program will be carried out by the 
gifted members of the club. 

The staff is as follows : 

President, Mrs. E. G. Denniston. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. R. McClellan. 

Second Vice-President, Mrs. L. R. Tuttle. 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Dalton. 

Corresponding Secretary, Miss Helen Bryant. 

Treasurer, Mrs. W. C. Doane. 

Directors, Mrs. Geo. Fredericks, Mrs. John Bullock, 
Mrs. Frank Dalton, Mrs. H. N. Stevens, Mrs. Robt. 
Wallace. 

TKe Papyrus Club 

The Papyrus Club will hold its first fall meeting 
Thursday, September iith, at 3 o'clock p. m., in the 
rooms of the Sorosis Club. Mrs. S. W. Backus will be 
hostess of the day. 

We expect this winter to hear of successful devel- 
opment in this delightful little club, that has in its short 
life done so much to quicken the heart-beats of its 
members. 

"There is no more interesting spectacle than to see 
the effects of wit upon the different characters of women; 
to observe it expanding caution, relaxing dignity, un- 
freezing coldness; teaching age and care and pain to 
smile ; extorting reluctant gleams of pleasure from mel- 
ancholy, and charming even the pangs of grief. Such 
genuine and innocent wit is surely the flavor of the mind." 

California State Floral Society 

The regular monthly meeting of the State Floral 
Society took place at Central Hall, 223 Sutter Street, on 



Friday, August 8th,' Mrs. L. O. Hodgkins presiding in 
the absence of the president; Mrs. Henry P. Tricou, 
secretary. 

Mrs. E. F. Adams, of Committees on Exhibitions 
and Awards, reported that the dahlia show had been 
postponed. 

Mrs. L. O. Hodgkins read a most interesting paper 
on " Ferns," exhibiting her rare collection of over three 
hundred species of pressed ferns, among which were 
fifty-one varieties of the adiantums or maiden-hair ferns. 
A number of the specimens had been gathered on the 
hills of New Hampshire sixty-one years ago, and were 
remarkably well preserved. Some of the adiantum peda- 
tum measured four feet high and two feet by five inches 
wide. Mrs. Hodgkins stated that there were about 
two thousand six hundred species of ferns known, the 
greatest number on the Islands. Sixty-seven species are 
found only in Europe, and two hundred and fifty in the 
United States. 

Mrs. Hodgkins's paper was an intellectual treat, 
and was received with great favor. This lady is the 
most popular member of the society. Mr. J. Thompson 
exhibited from the garden of Dr. Harry Tevis about 
fifteen varieties of new cactus dahlias, which received 
many compliments. Mrs. Josephine Leach displayed 
twenty-two varieties of rare gladioli, which were highly 
commended. 

Pioneer Dau^Kters 

The daughters of the California Pioneers held their 
opening reception of the season at Pioneer Hall, Mon- 
day afternoon, August 25th. 

The hall was festooned with red, white and blue 
buntings; beautiful silk flags waved from the chande- 
liers, and flowers decorated the mantel, all making a 
beautiful scene, which was enhanced by the exquisitely 
gowned women present. 

Mrs. Sadee Knowlton Coe, who has the honor of 
occupying a chair in the University of Music in Chicago, 
was introduced by the president, Mrs. R. H. Morse. 
Mrs. Coe held the large audience enraptured with the 
brilliant description of Wagner and his music. She 
first touched upon his early history — his struggle with 
his first professor ; how, instead of practicing, he would 
pass his time picking out pieces upon the piano which 
he played from ear — of a tragedy he wrote when a boy, 
and how he killed off his people, having none left to 
appear in the last scene, so was obliged to substitute 
their ghosts. She then told how at one time he was 
near starvation, and through the kindness of Liszt, who 
fully appreciated his work, he was rescued from his diffi- 
culties. Mrs. Coe's talk on "Das Rhinegold," with her 
exquisite interpretation upon the piano, will live forever 
in the memories of her hearers. She told the mytho- 
logical story upon which the opera was based, illustrating 
upon the piano Wagner's different motifs^ which could 
be recognized in many of his operas. After listening 
to this intellectual description, one cannot help feel in 
sympathy with Wagner music. 

Miss Alice Gates, Miss de Forest and Miss Jessie 
Mast rendered enjoyable social solos. Miss Mast, who 
is totally blind, played her own accompaniment with an 
exquisite touch. 



[4 




The AdelpHian Club, A.lameda 

The members of the Adelphian Club, Alameda's 
select women's organization, are gathering homeward 
from all points of the compass, and it is more than likely 
that most of the two hundred and fifty members will be 
in town on the 6th of September, when the club begins 
work for the next year. 

The opening meeting promises to be one of excep- 
tional interest, and invitations for it are being eagerly 
sought after. Rev. E. R. Dille, a delightful talker, 
whose fame has spread over two Continents, will tell 
what of interest happened to him during " four months 
in Europe and the Orient." Mrs. Olive Reed Cush- 
man, who is just home from Europe, bringing no end of 
laurels with her, will sing for her Adelphian friends. 
This will be Mrs. Cushman's first appearance since her 
return. 

Then some of the talented ones of the Adelphians 
will contribute to the program, and the Adelphians can 
boast many clever members. 

There is Mrs. Augusta Bromley Fowler, for in- 
stance, who is fast making a name for herself as a writer 
of plays and short stories. Her sketches of life in the 
mountains of Tennessee are far and away the best work 
of the kind that has been done in a long time. They 
breathe the wild spirit of the hills, and are full of the 
quaint humor and drenching pathos that filters through 
the Hves of " these children of the untrammeled moun- 
tains." 

It was the production of one of Mrs. Fowler's 
plays, "Offered in Exchange," that made the success of 
the closing meeting of the Adelphian Club, in May last, 
and it is still being talked of. It received very high 
praise from the critics of the daily and weekly journals of 
San Francisco, Oakland and Alameda, and it is more 
than probable that it will be included in the repertoire 
of Lillian Burkhardt, the coming season. 

One feels glad that Miss Burkhardt is to interpret 
" Offered in Exchange," for she is one of the few 
actresses possessing the requisite daintiness to do justice 
to the piece. It is of the porcelain variety of play, and 
requires exquisite art. 

The officers of the Adelphian Club are : Mrs. J. N. 
Young, President ; Mrs. Emma T. Rathgeb, First Vice- 
President; Mrs. Frank Otis, Second Vice-President; 
Mrs. William Rigby, Treasurer; Mrs. Arthur Hickox, 
Corresponding Secretary; Mrs. S. B. Connor, General 
Curator; and these, together with Mrs. Isaac Erhen- 
berg. Miss Belle Garrette, Mrs. S. M, Haslett, Mrs. 
Herman Krusi, Mrs. A. J. Samuel and Mrs. Philip S. 
Teller, compose the Board of Directors, 

The club was organized eight years ago, and its 
club-rooms on Park Street are handsome and completely 
appointed. 

The flower of the Adelphians is the acacia; the 
color, yellow ; the motto. Noblesse Oblige. 

M. 



Let us remember, not what we have already done, 
but what we have not yet done for each other, and how 
we may do it. — Stafford Wentworth Brooke. 



THe Criterion Club, Alameda 

The August meetings of the Criterion Club of Ala- 
meda were unusually interesting and well attended. At 
the first meeting, Mrs. Husbands read a very able paper 
on "Psychological Phenomena," which called forth gen- 
eral discussion in the club, and Mrs. S. S. Brower gave 
a delightful reading from the lives of Murillo and Velas- 
quez. 

At the second meeting. Miss Rose Traube read an 
original paper full of useful information on "San Fran- 
cisco Shipping." This paper was followed by a reading 
on "School Gardens," by Mrs. William G. Hansen and 
Dr. Waite-Paterson. 

To the Criterion Club is due the credit of the es- 
tablishment of cookery in the public schools of Alameda. 
The members of the club are not satisfied to rest here, 
however, but are directing all their energies toward 
securing kindergartens for the little ones. The kinder- 
garten has some very earnest and enthusiastic advocates 
among the members of the Criterion Club, and it will 
not be surprising if this enthusiasm is communicated to 
the Board of Education, and an experimental kinder- 
garten, at least, be made a part of the public school 
system. 

Simultaneously with a letter from Miss Josephine 
Todman, Nome, for Club Life subscription, comes that 
bright and newsy paper, The Capitol of Los Angeles, 
from which we cull the following : 

"Of making clubs there is no end! Alaska, one 
would think, is the last place on earth for the organiza- 
tion of a woman's club. And truth to tell, this view is 
entirely correct, although the meaning of the remark in 
this case will admit of literal interpretation, for clubs 
actually are being organized throughout the icy regions 
of the North, and they are the last, or latest things, so 
far as club life is concerned. An interesting part of it is 
that the newly formed Nome club has honored a Los 
Angeles woman with the presidency. Mrs. Mary E. 
Hart, who left for Alaska in the spring, has been named 
for the chief office, and judging from accounts in the 
Nome papers the honor was thrust upon her rather than 
sought. 

" The club is called 'Ke-go-a-yah Koz-ga.' Beau- 
tiful name, isn't it? It means 'Aurora Club.' 

"Self-culture and mutual improvement are given as 
the objects of the club, and the thirty members enrolled 
at the time that the Nome Semi-weekly News left for 
Los Angeles, July 4th, were then enthusiastic over the 
bright future of the organization. Much may have 
happened meantime, but this is the latest news obtainable 
from the energetic club of women who mean to be up 
with the times even if they do live in Nome. 

"Miss Josephine Todman of Stockton, who formerly 
was secretary to Governor Budd, is vice-president, and 
the others are from the 'first families' of Nome. Mrs. 
Hart is a life member of the Pacific Coast Press Women's 
Club, and to those who know anything of her ability it 
is not a matter of wonder that she has been asked to be 
at the head of the new club. 

" Sitka, I see, has a woman's club now, and it seems 
that the spirit of the club movement is to pervade the 
entire Klondyke region, for advancement is the watchword 
there as here, and sure it is that wherever a California 
woman, sturdy enough to brave the cold and hardships 
of Alaska, is to be found, there you soon will find a club, 
providing this same woman can discover another woman 
who sympathizes with her ambitions." 



ceu6 



5] 



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Opposite Central Theater 



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Near Grant Avenue 



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Manufacturers of Fine Art Statuary; Models, Busts and Moulds cast 
for schools of design 

616 Post Street, bet. Taylor and Jones Sts., S. F. 



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stencils; SEALS, BRANDS, ETC. 

22l: Sansome St. S*n Francisco. 



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Expert Tuning and Repairing a Specialty 



Phone 
Polk 3984 



C. S. ENGLE 



DEALER IN 

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Ten years with Steinway & Sons, N. Y. 



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1530 Polk St., near Sacramento, S. F., Cal. 

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Hours: 9 to 5:30 Telephone Black 37.33 

Telephone Scotl 175 
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336 Kearny Street, bet. Bush and Pine, San Francisco, Cal. 



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Francisco 



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Library correspondence may be addressed, respectively, to the following 
named persons, who are Vice-Chairmen of Libraries and Portfolios : 

Northern District — Mrs. Marion McD. Oliver, Paradise, Butte County. 

San Francisco District — Miss Susanne R. Patch, 1521 Clay Street, 
San Francisco. 

Alameda District — Mrs. C. B. Breck, 1531 Arch Street, Berkeley. 

Los Angeles District — Mrs. D. B. Sessions, 1411 South Hill Street, 
Los Angeles. 

San Joaquin District — Mrs. O. C. Conley, Bakersfield. 

San Diego District — Mrs. S. C. Evans, Jr., Orange Street, Riverside. 

State Chairman — Miss Susanne R. Patch, 1521 Clay Street, San Francisco. 



The Free Public Library stands for the recreation, 
instruction and culture of the cotnmunity ; no other 
agency compares with it for its persuasive and uplift- 
ing power ; its use should be universal. 

Greetings 

How pleasant it is to form new and prized relation- 
ships! It is not wholly unlike crossing the threshold of 
a dwelling, long seen but only partially known, whose 
externals give but faint promise of the warm, rich life 
entered into within its portals. And thus today, an in- 
vited guest, we pass through the open door of many 
California homes, and it will be ours to chat upon var- 
ious phases of a subject which is sure to interest, in 
greater or less degree, all clubwomen. 

This department has a clear, positive aim. It is 
nothing less than to aid in the upbuilding of the free 
library cause in California, first, last, continually. And 
now a word as to the importance of such efforts. It is 
obvious at a glance that the development of our free 
libraries has not kept pace with the growth of the State, 
for there are less than sixty within its limits. A large 
majority of them are small and poorly supported be- 
cause the public has not been educated to a sense of their 
value. Our common schools are highly esteemed and 
are seated in the affections of the people for the reason 
that earnest men and women have labored incessantly 
for two-score years for their expansion and improve- 
ment. But, in the past, the library cause at large has 
had no influential organization for its champion, — "none 
so poor as to do it reverence." 

There is now an opportunity for the women of Cali- 
fornia to render our State a service of supreme value. The 
State Federation has already begun the work of library 
extension on wide and generous plans and for its develop- 
ment needs the assistance of every one of its clubs. Will 
they respond ? If located in an incorporated city (which 
alone has the power to tax for the support of a library) 
having no free library, can better labor be undertaken than 
to agitate for the founding of one? If existing in a place 
provided with a good library, why cannot every club there 
take up the work of starting traveling libraries on the 
lines adopted by the Federation ? To avoid mistakes, 
and that efforts may be based on plans approved by suc- 
cessful experience elsewhere, it is suggested that corre- 
spondence should early be had with the vice-chairman of 
the respective districts. Let us all work together to 
make the Free Public Library a power in California. 



Something new, unheard of on this Coast, happened 
at Berkeley this season. A summer library school was 
held, with twenty-two students, five of them being from 
other States. This school was intended only for those 
who had previous experience in library work ; its object 
was to qualify them more thoroughly for the technical 
part of library duty, and to broaden their knowledge by 
numerous lectures and suggestive addresses. Librarian 
Rowell and the director, Miss Mary Floyd Williams, 
are to be congratulated on the excellent success of this 
initial session. 



I choose free libraries as the best agencies for im- 
proving the masses of the people, because they give 
nothing for nothing. They only help those who help 
themselves. They never pauperize. They reach the 
aspiring, and open to these the chief treasures of the 
world — those stored up in books. A taste for reading 
drives out lower tastes. — Andrew Carnegie. 

Andrew Carnegie is one of the unique world char- 
acters. Born in 1837, in Scotland; at the age of twelve 
a bobbin boy in Pittsburg, earning $1.20 a week; suc- 
cessively a fireman of a stationary engine, telegraph mes- 
senger, telegraph operator, division superintendent of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad, and, finally, steel manufacturer, 
he is now busily employed — with the exception of his 
summer life in Scotland — in the difficult task of wisely 
giving his vast wealth to popular education as repre- 
sented in free libraries. His gifts to these institutions 
in the United States for the current library year number 
two hundred and three, and amount to $5,566,000. 
Concerning these investments, Mr. Carnegie is reported 
to have said at a reception tendered him recently by the 
Plumbers' Company of London, Eng., that any satisfac- 
tion which he had derived from his gifts arose from what 
he had induced individuals and communities to give. 
" I think it will be found," he added, " that far from being 
a philanthropist, I am engaged in making the best bar- 
gains of my life. For instance, when New York had 
been given a million pounds for seventy-two libraries, I 
succeeded in getting a pledge from her that she would 
furnish sites and maintain those libraries forever. Her 
investment is greater than mine. That is not philan- 
thropy. It is a clever stroke of business. I am open 
to propositions of a similar character from cities in any 
part of the English-speaking world." 



7] 




Romance of K.aK-botin 

[INDIAN FOR BIG WATEr] 



" Come now, Corey, stir yourself and tidy up the 
house. What are you always dreamin' about an' starin' 
with that far-away look on your face ? If I had known that 
learnin* was goin' to have this effect on you, I wouldn't 
have worked so hard and done without the things I 
needed just to make you a somebody — and now look at 
you — a reg'lar slouch! Go and spruce up. Oh, dear, 
oh, dear! and all these years I coaxed your father to 
keep you at school, for I was sure you would turn out 
to be a teacher, and pay us back the money we spent on 
you — some of it, anyway. 

" Poor paw, how he has drudged, summer and win- 
ter, never losin' a day or shirkin' labor. He has stuck 
right to his trade, and carpenterin' in Lake County is no 
easy job — where you have to cut your own wood, dry, 
saw and haul it, and make your own plans — for every 
man here is his own architect. And your paw, if I do say 
it, is a mighty clever man, and he didn't have no edica- 
tion, nuther. Just look what he done with that old hen 
house — that's all it was — over there at Ilfracoom Park ! 
Turned it into what some folks would call a castle, and 
even laid out the grounds, and they are that beautiful 
that folks comin' to the lake calls it the Raymond Do- 
main, 'cause they say it's just like an English home." 

" Yes, mother, I know I have been a drain on 
father and you. I sometimes wish I never had gone to 
Berkeley at all, and were it not for my music and the 
pleasure it gives myself and others, I would gladly have 
remained as I was, for I have not taken enough advan- 
tage of the opportunity that was open to me. I have, 
though, been conscientious, and I did study, and hoped 
to get my certificate, but I failed, — and oh, don't be 
hard on me, mother ! I am back with you, and I love 
you and father and Eddie, and our little, unpretentious 
mountain home, and the lake — oh, look! was there 
ever anything more beautiful on the face of the earth 
than that glorious body of water? When I was away I 
dreamed of it by night, and during the day it was ever 
present with me. I would rather live in this dear place, 
even if I had to work in the fields, than be a teacher in 
Berkeley. Don't fret, sweet mother, God meant I 
should be a child of Nature. Here in this " Konocti " 
home the sun shines more brightly than elsewhere, and 
how he does flirt with the rippling waves of the lake! " 

Cora Potter was born in Lake County, nineteen 
years ago ; is the daughter of David and Margaret Potter, 
Missourians, who migrated to California shortly after 
they were married, and settled in Lake County. Cora 
is the typical California girl. Her girlhood, when at 
leisure, was spent in romping around the lake, singing 
"coon" songs and dancing the Cakewalk, which delighted 
the hearts of the farmers and drove from them dull care. 
She is of medium height, rather plump, with dark brown 



hair and eyes, beautiful, even white teeth, delicately cut 
mouth of the Cupid's bow order, sensitive nostrils, and a 
nose somewhat retrousse; a well-shaped head, with aris- 
tocratic poise, set on a pair of beautiful, sloping shoul- 
ders ; straightforward, independent, and eager to express 
herself just as she felt. 

Ed Potter, her baby brother, is only five years 
old, and the idol of his sister's heart. She has under- 
taken to educate him herself " I can do that much, 
anyway," she said, " and feel that I am returning a little 
of father's hard-earned money that he spent on me. 
Oh, but how I do hate secrets! I wish I could tell 
mother all about Signor Carralda. Oh, that opera ! shall 
I ever forget Carmen and my toreador? — that's the 
secret of my not passing the examination that would have 
made me a teacher, and the old folks happy. If the girls 
hadn't taken me to the city and treated me to the opera — 
ah, me! It would have been all right had it been any other 
but ' Carmen.' I have not been myself since. I see that 
toreador, and I hear him sing, and I am Carmen, and 
I tell my fortune, to know whether he loves me ; and 
every time the cards say 'yes ' ! I wonder if I am foolish 
to imagine that such a fine, handsome physique, with 
that glorious voice, would care for a mountain maid 
like myself! And, oh, if I could just talk with some 
one, and tell them all about — here, I must not allow 
this despondency to crawl over me! I must not forget 
that Captain Raymond is ill, and has asked that I go 
over and play for him. Dear old gentlemen, he has done 
everything for us ! He gives my dad steady work. 
Had it not been for him, I would never have gone to 
Berkeley ; and I am so grateful for my knowledge of 
music, for it gives the dear, kind gentleman so much 
pleasure. Now, I must run and get out all the pieces 
of music that he likes best;" and Cora is off with a roil of 
music under her arm, jumps into her boat, " Daisy," and 
heads for Ilfracoom Park, singing as she rows, snatches 
from "Carmen." Soon she nears the landing, and is so 
impressed by the beauties of the " Park " that she exclaims, 
Nature, Sweet Lady, how generous you were when 
dealing out your gifts here ! And then these words 
came rushing to her mind — "A charm from the sky 
seems to hallow it there, which, seek through the world, 
is ne'er met with elsewhere." And I am glad I am 
living to enjoy all this. She tied " Daisy," and climbed 
the steps to the wharf, then flew as if treading on air 
until she reached the driveway. Her attention was 
attracted by an unmusical sound, which caused her to 
look around, and there, standing on their ivy-clad ped- 
estals, were two beautiful peacocks ; and as she looked 
they unfurled their tails, raised them, commanding her 
admiration. She stood for a moment and held her 
breath : Oh, how good is God to give us all this 



C8 



beauty to enjoy ! Again she tripped along until she 
reached the door of that English-American home, 
raised the knocker and was admitted. " Come in, Cora," 
said Mrs. Raymond, " but softly, the Captain is ill to- 
day. He has been enquiring for you ; I think he is 
hungry for music." "May I just speak to him first? 
I'll be very quiet, — and after, I will play most pianis- 
simo." The patient was lying flat, not being able to 
be pillowed up today. "Ah, Cora, you have brought a 
ray of sunshine, and a breath of sweet briar with you ; 
but how about my refreshment? " "Oh, yes, Captain, 
I am going to the piano now — are you sure it will not 
disturb you?" "Quite sure. I will be soothed, and 
I so need solace today. My life is fast ebbing away, 
and I wish it to pass out with sweet music; I am wait- 
ing." Just then soft notes of Schubert's "Serenade" fill 
the room; surely Cora must have been inspired; for 
no mortal ever played with so much feeling. She was 
putting her very soul into the dainty sounds — and the 
sick man raised his head, and cried, " Cora, you have had 
a sorrow, and it has made of you a genius. Is it love, 
or the loss of a loved one?" "O dear Captain, lie 
down; let me fix your pillows — so — now I must not 
play any more ; it excites you," and her benefactor looked 
up with pleading eyes. " Well, not until you have told 
me your secret. I will be your father confessor. Now, 
hasten, I desire it, and time is fleeting " ; and straightway 
Cora confesses : 

" It was this way. ' Carmen ' was being played in 
the city, and most of the girls had been to see it, and 
they were always humming the catchy airs. 

" I heard nothing but snatches of ' Carmen ' for more 
than three weeks, until I was almost beside myself to go 
and hear the whole opera. I gained permission of my 
teacher, and in company with two other girls I went to a 
Saturday matinee." 

"Well, well, that isn't anything." 

" O sir, I am coming to the rest ; I was in 
sympathy with Carmen from the moment she appeared ! 
" Oh, yes; I know she was a bad girl ; but she had not 
yet truly loved ! 

" I sat there, and sang and danced along with her 
until all at once the toreador burst forth in song — and — 
and—." 

"Well, well, well!" 

"O Captain Raymond, I don't know how to couch 
my words! But you know the air." 

"Toreador! toreador!" hummed the Captain — as 
best he could. 

"Yes, that's it. His voice and personality were so 
magnetic that I forgot everything and everybody, and I 
began to sing just as you did now. My head was swim- 
ming, but my eyes were fastened on the toreador, and I 
longed to be Carmen and supported by those strong 
arms." 

"In short, Cora, you lost your heart as well as your 
head." 

"Yes, sir, and that is my secret. I became ac- 
quainted — well, in the regular schoolgirl way. I wrote 
Signor Carralda and appointed a meeting-place — Thurs- 
day, 1 o'clock, Oakland boat. Oh, yes, he kept the 
appointment. I told him I was a California girl and 
dearly loved music. Of course, I took with me my 
autograph album and asked him to write in it. Yes, he 
wrote, but in Italian, and it was a long time before 
I could translate it. The day I met him I wore a hat 
gaudily trimmed in yellow, and this is what he wrote : 
' To my little California bird of paradise,' and his sig- 
nature. No, we had very little conversation, for his 
English was limited, and I didn't know what to say to 



him. He promised to write, and I wrote my address A^Piifi 
three times in his book; and as we said good-by and |- ,^ 
gazed into each other's eyes, I found mine were •»«'i|C 
moist ; so I flew ofi^ the boat, boarded the train, and soon 
I found myself in my dreary room, a most despondent 
girl. Captain Raymond, you have my secret, and I 
know you will not betray it." 

Again Cora finds herself at the piano, and her fingers 
are flying over the keys. She is lost in that simple 
little air, " Floating on the Wind." 

" How spiritlike your music is! There are tears in 
your tones, and your playing has given me rest. Come 
here, my child. Now, since I am your father confessor, 
it is my duty to give you good counsel. You have had 
your first love affair, and it has developed your musical 
talent. You will soon forget Signor Carralda, who is 
a strolling singer, and who perhaps has a wife somewhere 
in Italy." 

" No, no, Captain Raymond, I asked him that day 
we met, and he said ' no ' in such a decided manner 
I am sure he was telling the truth. Oh, dear, how badly 
you look! Just let me bathe your brow. Oh, how 
cold you are! Mrs. Raymond!" 

" What's the trouble, Cora? No, he has not fainted; 
it is a weakness. Hold him up a little while I arrange 
his pillows. He is tired, and must not talk any more 
today. Just run to the barn and ask John to harness 
' King ' to the light buggy and drive as fast as he can to 
Lakeport for the doctor." 

Cora almost took wing to have this order executed. 
"Hurry, John! let me help you. There! I will open the 
first two gates for you. Now, ' King,' be swift. Your 
dear, kind master is suffering, and his life depends on you." 

With beating heart she ran back to the house and 
tiptoed into the sick chamber. In whispered voice she 
begged Mrs. Raymond to rest. " You look exhausted; 
do sit in this easy chair until the doctor comes. I will 
take your place." And Cora took her station by the 
patient, and as she bathes his face with alcohol and 
water she thinks how good and noble he is ; surely he 
will not be taken from us. She looks toward Mrs. 
Raymond ; finds her asleep ; thoughts of prayer come 
to her — it is long since I prayed. At school I was 
wicked and neglected my devotions — and down on her 
knees she sank and prayed the Father in Heaven to 
spare this good man, and restore him to health and 
strength. From the bed came a weak voice : " What 
are you doing, Cora? " " I am just bringing this bunch 
of wild flowers to you, Captain ; they are so fresh, and your 
favorites. I picked them this morning whilst the dew 
was on their petals, and just look at this species; it re- 
sembles the edelweiss. Yes, this is " Konocti " edelweiss, 
but much smaller than that which grows on the Alps." 

" Tell me, Cora, have you taken a walk through the 
honeysuckle drive lately ? I fancy I see it all in bloom. 
Is John attending to the arching of it? My being ill 
has kept Mrs. Raymond" — he raised his head — "I do 
think she is asleep in the chair, poor child. She is worn 
out waiting on me — as I was saying, she is so occupied 
with me she has no time to look after the improvements. 
I am going to ask you to ride along the rose drive and 
back through the honeysuckle and report whether they 
are kept in good condition. These drives, you know, 
were my hobby. One thing more, Cora ; you know 
how I have loved my boat ' Pixie.' She must be well 
cared for and used only as a pleasure boat. Oh, now be 
patient ! I have not finished ; I want you to remain here 
until I am better, or — " 

" Oh, yes. Captain ! I am so glad you will allow me 
to stay, for I will try to be useful." 



9] 




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Send for Caulogue 



KATHERINE L. MILLER 
Principal 



" Now, Cora, it was wrong to write to the singer 
appointing a meeting-place with him. In such a matter 
you should have asked the advice of your aunt. You 
love your music, do you not? " 

"Oh, yes, it is my comfort." 

" Well, I have provided that you continue your 
study of it — at least for two more years and thereby 
be able to maintain yourself." 

" I hear John ; I will see if the doctor is there. 
Mrs. Raymond, Doctor Kellogg has come." 

At this moment the medical man stepped into the 
room, exclaiming : 

" Why, why, how is this, not yourself today, Captain ? 
Let us have the pulse. Ah, um !" and shakes his head 
and looks serious. 

"Well, doctor," said Mrs. Raymond, " is there 
any hope ? " 

"None, madame. It is only a question of time; 
he may be called in a few minutes." Just then a gur- 
gling sound came from the bed ; the patient was strug- 
gling to voice his thoughts ; but alas, the command of 
speech was gone; he was motioning Cora to go to the 




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[to 



piano. In an instant the inspiring sounds of Mendels- 
sohn's "Spring Song" were helping the weary soul to 
pass out to its last resting-place. 

" Close the piano, Cora, our friend has gone," said 
the doctor. 

Great tears were falling from the poor girl's eyes, 
and after the first effects of the shock had passed away 
she said, "Can I stay with you, Mrs. Raymond? I may 
be of service." 

"Yes, until morning, when we will go to the city." 
Poor Cora knew that her best friend was taken — her 
confidant and benefactor gone — never to be replaced. 

"No use going to bed," said Cora; "I cannot 
sleep." She looks at the time, finds it is three o'clock. 
It is almost as light as day — the moon shines so brightly. 
She listens a minute, opens wide the window, and as she 
reaches far out to take in the beauties of the night she 
is startled, for close by her window were standing a roe 
with her fawn — "And you, too, are mourning the loss of 
good Captain Raymond, who never allowed one of you 
to be shot on his premises." The pretty creatures 
strolled slowly down to the lake, drank, then took one 
long look at the house where lay their dead master, and 
with a snort and bound they cleared the fence, ran to 
their loved mountain and were lost to sight. 

By this time Cora had reached the lake. She had 
not lost any of this pretty scene. Slowly she turned 
around and sighed. " Dear moon, you have not over- 
looked the smallest blade of grass. Everything that 
grows has partaken of your silvery sheen. Ah, grand old 
"Konocti," you are crowned with a silver cap tonight and 
smiling to the moonlight on the lake! The shadows, 
too, are so beautiful. I would like to have my paints 
and brushes, but I must not stir lest I disturb Nature 
and lose all this, for surely I am with the Captain in 
Paradise." 

She was roused from her reverie by the buzzing 
insects starting their early symphony. Then the reptiles 
began to crawl out of their holes and lazily make their 
way to the lake for drink. And the birds started their 
concert, swelling their notes until the air was laden with 
music. The cows were lowing and the horses prancing. 
And oh, Thou art, O God, the life and light of all this 
wondrous world we see ! 

" Its glow by day, its smile by night. 
Are but reflections caught from thee ; 
Where'er we turn thy glories shine. 
And all things fair and bright are thine." 

" The day has come, and I must run and tell Mrs. 
Raymond good-by, for all is ready for their departure. 

"Yes, dear, I will care for everything; lock up 
securely and write you all particulars." And with sor- 
row Cora closed the gate behind the mourners. 

" Only six o'clock! how long the night has been — 
but how beautiful! How cold I feel! I must have 
some warm coffee, straighten things, lock up, and row 
home." All is completed and she is about to start when 
she remembers the piano is not locked. 

" Well, there is that ' Schlumberlied.' I did not 
play it yesterday. I will just run over it once; the Cap- 
tain loved it so ! That don't sound right. Oh, I cannot 
put any soul in it ; I will stop." But she found herself 
playing snatches of " Carmen." " I know it all by heart," 
she said. " Oh, what am I doing ! Amusing myself 
when I should mourn. 

"All locked up! Good-by, dear house, your bird 
has flown ! I will come back soon and trim you all up 
with flowers, and make you look the home of old," and 
she rowed rapidly up the lake, and called to the mountain 
for an echo, which came back double. 



" Home again ! Here I am, mother. Did you think 
I was lost? Of course you have heard all. Come, 
Eddie, it is time for your lesson. Now, first the spell- 
ing. That's good ! Sister is so proud of you for study- 
ing so well. I will read with you by and by. And here 
is your new lesson. Now run down to the shady nook 
and go over and over this until you have it memorized." 
And she was off to help her mother. 

"Cora, paw says we can have a party, a sort of 
* harvest home,' and invite all the neighbors." 

"Yes, but we must wait a year and mourn for our 
benefactor. O mother, did father bring any letters from 
town yesterday?" 

" Yes, there's a bunch of 'm ; we have been 
waitin' for you to read 'm to us. Now, hurry up and get 
about it !" 

" Mother, they are all for me." 

" Well I know it, and don't I want to hear what's 
in 'm?" 

" Here is one from Professor Zech ; he says there 
is an opening for me at Berkeley as assistant music 
teacher. Shall I go ?" 

"Indeed you shall ! What did we edicate you for 
but to take care of yourself?" 

" Yes, I know, but dear Captain Raymond paid for 
my music." 

"Oh, well, paw did just as much for him. We ain't 
under no obligations." 

"O mother, don't, please! What could pa do? 
Don't you remember when we were without food, or 
place to lay our heads, when he came to our assistance 
and placed us where we are ? Oh, please be respectful, 
and do not forget what has been done for us ! " I am so 
cold and nervous, and my mother never can understand 
me ! I feel as if some other sorrow were coming to 
crown what I already have I But I forgot the letters. 
This one in strange handwriting — postmark Milan — a 
lady's hand — perhaps his mother — oh, I hope it may 
be kind ! Oh, there is such a weight around my heart, 
and why cannot I unburden myself? Then came to her 
mind these comforting words : 

" Yea, hope and despondency, pleasure and pain. 
We mingle together in sunshine and rain. 
And the smiles and the tears, the song and the dirge. 
Still follow each other like surge upon surge!" 

" Well, it's now or never for the letter, so here 
goes," and nervously she tears it open. First, the sig- 
nature — Perita Carralda, his sister. In writing he often 
referred to her. 

" My dear Miss Potter," it began; "My brother 
made a request of me that in case of sickness, accident or 
death occurring to him, I was to notifv you, and if it 
were your pleasure, to continue the correspondence. 
I think the last words spoken by Tomasso were of his 
California wild flower. His engagement in Milan was 
nearing its close when he was stricken with pneumonia. 
Two days' suffering, and he was gone from us forever. 
The part of the Toreador in " Carmen" was the last he 
sang. It has been my pleasure to assist him in writing 
to you, I being more versed in your English. Now, I 
ask you to be brave, as we must be, mother and myself. 
I know you were ever present with our dear one ; 
and how he did struggle with your language ! ' I will 
master it,' he would say, 'for I must be able to express 
myself to my little bird of paradise.' Think of us, my 
sister, and let me call you by that dear name. I will 
anxiously wait to hear from you. My mother and I 
send love to our boy's sweetheart." 

" There is no longer any doubt my love was 
returned ! I knew it. My cup is full, and what is 



a] 



there left for me now ? — the two beings on earth I most 
loved taken from me ! But something whispers, ' Be of 
good cheer ; go out under the open sky and list to 
Nature's teachings !' I will, but Nature holds for me no 
longer any charm. I feel turning to stone, and oh, 
what shall' I do ?" 

At this moment her eye lighted on the lake. She 
found relief in quoting: 

"The sea, the sea, the open sea, the blue, the fresh, the ever free." 

Down she ran to the little landing, untied her boat, 
saying, "Daisy, the clouds are lowering; I think a storm 
is brewing! Now, my Lady Lake, I love you best in 
your tempestuous state, so the more angry you become 
the better pleased will be your Cora ! Drift on toward 
Ilfracoom ; I must see that dear spot! Ah! and there is 
Eastland Island ; we must go around it and speak to 
the wild cattle ! Come, Bossy, I am your friend ! " But 
Bossy only opened wide her eyes and stared at the little 
boat on the active water. Further on, and there you are, 
" Konocti ! " At this moment a flash of lightning struck 
the mountain's crest and went shimmering through its 
shrubbery, like stars in the moonless heavens. "My 
Toreador's eyes were just as brilliant and sparkling as 
you are, and his crown of raven hair as beautiful as yon 
soft dark cloud !'' Then a great peal of thunder burst 
forth as if it would rend the air — "And his voice rolled 
out with just as much timbre as your majestic notes !" 
Then she could see great drops of rain falling on the 
mountain's top, and another sheet of lightning went 
helter-skelter through the raindrops. The wind had 
risen and started all nature astir. The little boat was 
tossing on the waves. From Cora could be heard a wild, 
hysterical laugh, and, calling to " Konocti," " Shake not 
your diamond locks at me, for his — " But here she was 
interrupted by the leaping spray, which almost sub- 




The Alden Club 

Have you had a kindness shown ? 

Pass it on. 
'T was not given for you alone — 

Pass it on. 
Let it travel down the years. 
Let it wipe another's tears. 
Till in heaven the deed appears. 

Pass it on. 



Life is made up, not of great sacrifices or duties, but 
of little things in which smiles and kindnesses and small 
obligations, given habitually, are what win and preserve 
the heart, and secure comfort. — Sir Humphrey Davy. 



On Friday and Saturday, September 5th and 6th, 
Miss Adelaide Hanscom will give an exhibition of pho- 
tographic portraits at her studio, in the Flood Building, 
Room 93. Miss Hanscom has secured some fine re- 
sults with her camera, and very interesting work will be 
shown in the exhibition. The studio will be open to 
visitors from ten to six o'clock on the days mentioned. 



merged her and gave her back her senses. "O Daisy, 
we are in danger !" * * * 

From the shore could be heard the loud voice of 
David Potter, "Get the 'Hallie' out — hurry, boys, don't 
you see my child struggling in the water! Up with the 
steam ! Let me attend to the firing ; I can make her go 
faster! And, John, here's the telescope; watch every 
move my girl makes ! On ! — on ! Take the oars, pull 
for your lives and save my child ! Tell me, John, is 
she still in sight ?" 

" Don't be so excited, Dave. I tell you that little 
boat can't stand this storm much longer. Now she has 
turned over ! — and again ! Corey is clinging to her side ! 
The 'Hallie' is making no progress ; she is only spinning 
around. Corey can't hear you, Dave, no matter how 
loud you call. Again, over she goes! and, my God! 
this time she don't come up, and there, too, in the 
fathomless part of the lake !" 

The poor old father is overcome with grief. 

"Oh, my Corey, my clever, brave girl, she you 
loved so well, has at last taken you in her arms !" 

And here we leave him in an unconscious state, 
being cared for by his friend, John Butters, whilst the 
other men are rowing against the current for the little 
landing. 

" Casa Boneur." 




Traveling Picture WorK 

Elsewhere the traveling picture gallery is an im- 
portant factor of the home education furnished by the 
traveling library, but so far in this State it has been un- 
dertaken only by the Ebell Club of Los Angeles, which 
has three large portfolios of good pictures in circulation. 

The following interesting letter from Mrs. John B. 
Sherwood, chairman of the Art Committee Illinois Fed- 
eration, describes the traveling gallery, and is given here, 
in answer to the frequent question, " What is meant by 
portfolio work? " 

Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs, 

Committee on Art, 
530 Monroe Street, Chicago, 111. 

Miss SusANNE R. Patch, San Francisco, Cal. — Dear 
Madam: Your letter of June i6th, to Mrs. Stanwood, 
our State President, has been referred to me to answer. 

I am Chairman of the Art Committee, I. F. W. C. 
You speak of portfolios, and I am inclined to think that 
your letter should be referred to the Library Committee. 
Our Art Committee has sent out this year a portfolio 
of water-colors and etchings. It contains about forty 
(40) water-colors by well-known artists, and twenty (20) 
original etchings by Whistler, Hayden, Rembrandt, etc. 
These were loaned to us by the artists and dealers. 

The portfolio was sent through the State, with no 
expense to any club except paying the express charges 
one way. We sent with the portfolio data for the Tech- 
nique and Philosophy of Art, much of this being cut- 
tings from art journals and magazines. 

From many letters received, we feel that our labor 
has borne good fruit. Our committee has also five (5) 
traveling galleries of photographs, illustrating the study 
of Sculpture, Architecture, French Art Technique and 
Dutch Art. Each box contains fifty (50) to one hun- 
dred (100) photographs mounted, with data regarding 
each artist and picture. These galleries also circulate 
throughout the State, the clubs paying expressage one 
way. 

Hoping this information may be what you desire, 
believe me. Yours very sincerely, 

Jean Sherwood (Mrs. John B.). 

July I, 1902. 



<^] 



"THe Bouvier" 

NEW THEATER FOR SAN FRANCISCO 

Not since the Baldwin Hotel burned down about 
three years ago, destroying theater and all, have such re- 
markable changes in things theatrical in San Francisco 
occurred as at the present time. The metamorphosis of 
the old panorama building at Eighth and Market Streets 
into the new Central Theater about a year ago ; the re- 
construction of Fischer's Music Hall into the home of 
burlesque only a few months ago ; the promised recon- 
struction of the Tivoli Opera House within the year; the 
contemplated transformation of Metropolitan Hall into 
a modern theater in the immediate future; and most im- 
portant of all, the completion of the new theater which 
that enterprising young capitalist, William Ede, is now 
constructing for Alfred Bouvier from plans drawn by 
William Curlett, and which, it is promised, will be opened 
next Easter, is working a revolution in the amusement 
world. 

The "Bouvier," which will be located on an L-shaped 
lot at Ninth and Market Streets, on the same side of the 
street as the Central Theater and only one block above, 
is already well under way. The lot has been graded and 
the foundations completed. 

It will be one of the handsomest theaters in America 
if one may judge from the design — part of which is re- 
produced in color in this number of The Sunday Call. 

The auditorium will be about the size of the old 
Baldwin Theater, but there the resemblance will cease. 
The "Bouvier" will not be a replica of any theater in the 
world, but, instead, will be a combination of all the latest 
improvements in the most modern theaters in America. 
It will be absolutely fireproof, with special exits in case 
of panic or conflagration into Stevenson Street at the 
back of the theater and on Ninth Street, where the en- 
trance to the gallery will be located, besides the broad 
rotunda through which the main entrance will lead from 
Market Street to the auditorium. 

Indeed, this entrance to the orchestra, dress circle 
and balcony will be one of the most beautiful features 
of the new theater. It will lead through a lobby, on each 
side of which will be located the gentlemen's smoking- 
room and a large, commodious and artistically decorated 
dressing-room for ladies. 

Handsome offices for Mr. Ede, Mr. Bouvier and 
his executive staff will be located above these ; but oth- 
erwise the whole building will be devoted entirely to 
the theater, which will insure a large and perfectly venti- 
lated interior, and one whose lines will lend themselves 
to the most artistic decoration. 

In fact, it is, in point of richness of design, as well 
IS for the new system of seats which will be installed, 
:hat the "Bouvier" will prove its title to be the first-class 
heater of the West. The detail shown in the full-page 
"ticture gives a good idea of what the new theater will look 
ike. — The Call, July /j, igo2. 

The consignment received from London direct by 
Vleussdorfi^er & Son in dress and tailor suit hats are in 
he very latest fashion ; styles to suit all faces, and of 
he very finest quality. 



PHilKarmonic £.lection 

At a meeting held on August 4th the Philharmonic 
Society elected the following officers for the season 
1 902-03 : 

President, Henry Payot. 
Vice-President, Joel K. Hecht. 
Secretary, G. H. Taubles. 
Treasurer, Hillyer Deuprey. 
Librarian, M. H. Knopfmacher. 

The society has just completed a successful year 
and is preparing programs for the winter season. 
These will include some orchestral works never before 
heard in this city, which should prove a source of inter- 
est to the musical public. Giulio Minetti has been 
elected as musical director. The organization is sup- 
ported by associate members, who pay $5 annual dues. 
These are entitled to a number of tickets to each con- 
cert and are permitted to attend the weekly rehearsals. 

Applications for membership, associate or active, 
will be received by the secretary, care of Sherman, Clay 
& Co., or can be made at any of the music stores. — 
Chronicle, -Aug. 77, igo2. 

Piano R^ecitals 

Sherman, Clay & Co. opened their Angelus piano 
recitals Saturday afternoon, August 23d, at Sherman & 
Clay Hall, Kearny and Sutter Streets. The recitals 
will be held every two weeks throughout the coming 
autumn. Free tickets to the recitals will be given to 
applicants in the discretion of the firm atlits music store. 
These recitals met with much favor last year, and this 
fact has determined the firm to resume them. — Chronicle. 

Among the many stirring events in society and 
clubdom for September, not the least interesting will be 
the fall opening of HATS — a most vital question to us 
all! Mrs. Geo Folsom's opening will take place on 
Thursday and Friday, the nth and lath, at 121 Post 
Street. An innovation in her style of doing things will 
be a large stock of fine trimmed domestic hats on view, 
in addition to her selection of elegant Paris headgear. 
Mrs. Folsom's taste is absolutely good, and a visit to 
her parlors will be attended with pleasure. 

Miss Sweeny, whose taste in millinery is unques- 
tioned by the large clientele who depend upon her for 
their spring, summer, autumn and winter chapeaux, 
branches out in a large display of beautiful hats, and 
invites all to call at her opening on Wednesday, Thurs- 
day and Friday, the loth, nth and 12th of September, 
at 1 2 1 Post Street, San Francisco. 

At the banquet of the graduating class 1900 of 
the University of California, President Wheeler said in 
the course of his remarks : 

" Do not criticize, envy or reproach progressive 
people. Join with them in their work for the good of 
society. Do not pull down. Always help build up. 
There is plenty of room in this great world, many ave- 
nues, unlimited opportunities, and a thousand and one 
inviting chances for the ambitious, the scholarly, the good 
and the true." 



15] 





JtVp O TELEPHONE MAIN 583 MRS. M. iV. DENVER, ProfrUior 

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F. A. Swain y.^^ ORIGINAL E.'.blish.d ,856 

Swain's Bakery and Restaurant 

Telephone Grant Jl 

No. 2TJ Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal. 



Geo. W. Caswell Co. 



Telephone 

Private Exchange ji 



Importers and Manufacturers 

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Importers of 

Surgical Instruments and Dental Goods 

Manufacturers of Trusses and Apparatus for Deformities, Etc. 
Elastic Stockings and Belts 

816 IVIARKET STREET Telephone South 166 



The r> ^ _ ^ L *..._ A. T^„ C made by the Imperial Studio 

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14] 



Pure Olive Oil 



eeuB 

Bife 



We have received from Mr. Vincent C. Smith, of 
"Glen OHve," Napa, Cal., who is the producer of an 
exceptionally delicate and really pure olive oil, the fol- 
lowing article, which we take pleasure in publishing, as 
the information it gives is likely to prove of benefit to 
many of our readers, especially women, who are them- 
selves, or who have children, in delicate health. 

This oil is prescribed by Drs. Fitch Cheney, Gard- 
ner of Belmont, J. Dennis Arnold, Emmet Rixford, 
Geo. Bucknall, D. Albert Hiller, J. W. Moliere, A, 
Wheeler, D. W. Montgomery, Washington Dodge, 
and is known by many other leading physicians in San 
Francisco. 

" It is somewhat remarkable that, though olive oil 
was made before history began, today not one person in 
a hundred knows anything about it. The cause is not 
far to seek: Adulteration! In Remington's 'Practice 
of Pharmacy,' a standard work, published by Lippincott, 
of Philadelphia, i 885, under the head of 'Oleum Olivae ' 
(olive oil), page 764, is this statement : ' Although pure 
olive oil is still found occasionally, there is good 
reason to believe that the so-called olive oil is mainly 
cotton-seed oil, or other similar substitution, judiciously 
flavored. * * * 'pj^g exportation of over six million 
gallons of cotton-seed oil annually to Mediterranean ports 
contiguous to the olive oil industry is a significant fact,' 

" When California olive oil was first produced, and 
In the hands of a few. Its purity was undoubted ; but as 
the industry grew its prosperity attracted the attention 
of the man with the 'commercial instinct,' with the inev- 
itable result — numerous brands put up by those who do 
not make oil, keen competition followed by adulteration. 
The general public is largely responsible for this through 
Its encouragement of lower prices. 

" The following, taken from matter sent to me for ap- 
proval by the Manufacturers and Producers Association 
of California, of which I am a member, covers the 
ground completely. '* * * There is a large and 
growing class of consumers throughout the United 
States, as well as in this State, who wish to use an abso- 
lutely pure olive oil for medicinal and table purposes. 
The olive oil of California, in its purity, is known to pos- 
ses remarkable curative qualities in aflFectlons of the stom- 
ach and lungs, and to be of great value in building up 
the system generally. Many physicians are prescribing 
Its free use as a health food. There are, however, so 
many brands of adulterated and imitated so-called Cal- 
ifornia olive oil on the market, both under foreign and 
domestic labels, that many consumers believe, and rightly, 
in too many instances, that they are supplied with cotton- 
seed oil and other adulterations In varying proportions, 
instead of the pure olive oil desired. The fact that the 
idulterated and imitated articles are sold for less than 
:he real worth of the pure olive oil should. In itself, warn 
,:he purchaser. * * * ' 

I " It may be interesting to those who have not read of 
3r had the opportunity of seeing olive oil made, to know 



that the process is similar to wine-making. The olives 
are crushed In a mill, the 'pomace' is placed under pres- 
sure, the oil separated from the liquid produced and then 
clarified. 

" Medicinally the oil should be taken between meals, 
particularly the last thing at night, on a comparatively 
empty stomach, beginning with a teaspoonful and gradu- 
ally Increasing the dose to a tablespoonful ; in cases 
where the stomach is in an unusually sensitive condition 
the oil can be taken with a little port wine or angelica. 
After a time this will be found not necessary with a non- 
greasy oil ; most people I have talked to have learned 
to take it ' straight,' and prefer it so. 

" Cures of chronic constipation, indigestion and 
rheumatism have come under my personal observation, 
also its wonderful effect in general debility and malnutri- 
tion. A massage of oil after bathing improves the con- 
dition and texture of the skin and makes it almost 
impossible to ' catch cold,' a matter of great Importance 
to people living In a changeable climate. 

"I have been asked many times : 'How are people 
to insure getting a pure oil ? ' 

" I shall be pleased to answer this question to the 
best of my ability whenever any one thinks well to write 
to me, asking it." 

"Vincent C. Smith." 

Miss Lillle V. O'Ryan is painting a full length 
miniature of the Hon. Mrs. Cropper, formerly Miss 
Thombury, niece of Mrs. Jewett, of this city. Mrs. 
Cropper is strikingly statuesque and delightful in color. 
Miss O'Ryan Is very enthusiastic over her model and 
expects a beautiful result. 

Another Interesting piece of work now in progress is 
a miniature, also full length, of Mrs. Roswell L. Kiel, 
a sister of Paul Leicester Ford, for whose family Miss 
O'Ryan has already painted quite a number of very suc- 
cessful portraits. 

Enthusiasm is the element of success in everything; 
it is the light that leads, and the strength that lifts men 
on and up in the great struggle of scientific pursuits and 
professional labor ; It robs endurance of difficulty and 
makes duty a pleasure. 

Use the moment though it speed 

On hasty wing from thee ; 
The passing breeze that wafts the seed 

May sow a mighty tree. 

—J. S. BUckie. 

Velveta ! What is it? Velveta is a liquid, imper- 
ceptible powder for the face and hands which enhances 
one's loveliness and at the same time preserves the fine 
texture of the skin from the dust and wind. Sold every- 
where and by Val Schmidt, inventor, chemist, Southeast 
corner Polk and Jackson Streets, San Francisco. 




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The magic key to open the charming and clever 
book of verse by Bailey Millard is Mother-love. In the 
dedication he writes : 

" To where you, patient in your pain. 

Are lying, O dear one of mine, 
I send these songs bom of a brain 

And voice not tuned to airs divine ! 
It seems a deed of unblest birth 

This placing these in your blest hand. 
They are so sealed in sad unworth. 

But, Mother, you will understand." 

The "Austere Catechist " is exceedingly good : 

" To what do you respond — 
You who would link with me 
In that fine federacy 
Called friendship?" etc. 

The love songs are exceptional in their tone of 
naivete. Dainty and inexpensive, Mr. Millard's book 
is of large scope within, full of fine reading of an enjoy- 
able kind, and one every book-lover should possess. 

" Historic Tales of the Old Missions," for boys and 
girls, by the able pen of Laura Bride Powers, will be 
out this month. This book has been adopted as a sup- 
plementary reader in San Francisco public schools, and 
will also be of interest to all who have the saving of the 
Old Missions at heart, and that means every true Cali- 
fornian. 

Very few copies are now left of "The Story of the 
Old Missions," by the same author. This small vol- 
ume gives a concise tale of the rise, progress and decay 
of these famous old landmarks. 



The Pacific Florist, Orchard and Garden Magazine 
issued its initial number last month, and from the nu- 
merous articles of interest and worth in these lines, fill a 
long-felt want to the amateur as well as the professional 
gardener. 

" Lorna's Love Song," as sung by the leading lady, 
Miss Alice Johnson, in " Lorna Doone " at the Grand 
Opera House with the Frawley Company, is an original 
composition by the orchestra leader, Frederick G. Knell, 
of this city. 

This beautiful, simple melody Mr. Knell has taken 
as the theme throughout the play, and the sympathetic 
sweet voice of Miss Johnson, in her phrasing of the 
song, has made it the leading feature of the performance. 

" Children of the Thornwreath," a book of 
children's stories by Miss Le Page, illustrated by Miss 
Marion Holden, will make its first appearance at the 
benefit entertainment for the Children's Hospital, on 
September loth. The book is made after a French 
model, with cover of French organdie, pale blue with 
white polka-dot, and with Miss Holden's simple, effec- 
tive drawings the ensemble is most attractive. 

San Francisco Blue DooK 

Now being compiled for the season I'goz-igoj, contains names, 
addresses and oflicers of the leading Women's Clubs. Address all 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 



[16 



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Club Life 



PUBLISHED BY 



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Office and Calling' Hours : -. lO A. M. to ^ F. M. 



Contents 



California Federation of Women's Clubs 


. 


I 


Criterion Club, Alameda .... 5 


Richelieu Club 


. 


3 


Library Department . . . . . 7, 8 


Philomath Club 


. 


3 


Piano and Song Recitals .... 8 


California Club ..... 


. 


3 


Starr King Fraternity ..... 8 


Teachers' Meeting at the Club 




3 


Club Life in Sacramento . . 9, 11, la 


California Outdoor Art League . 


. 


4 


"Her Disgrace, "a Story — Elsie Saxe Cheney la, 13, 15 


Association of Pioneer Women of Califorr 


lia . 


4 


"What a Musical Club Can Do,"— La/la 


Jefferson Davis Chapter, No. 540, U. D. 
Daughters of California Pioneers 


C. 


5 
5 


Da/ton Thomas . . . . . 15 
Book Reviews . . . . . .16 


The Mothers' Union of Golden Gate 




5 





Entered July 10, I()02, as Second-class Matter 



Postoffice at San Francisco, Cal. 



Act of Congress of March j, iSjg 



I 



Club Life 




V^ol. 1. 



OCTOBER, 1902 



No. 5. 



California Federation of Women's Clubs 



The California Federation of Women's Clubs 
las just issued the 1902- 1903 Year Book, which pre- 
ents concise reports from the six State districts, to- 
;ether with brief outlines of the work contemplated 
or the ensuing year. 

The report of the president brings forward a 
omprehensive scheme of development in all lines, 
nd a wise allotment of the execution to the various 
ommittees. In addition to those of last year have 
een added Civics, Libraries and Portfolios, House- 
old Economics, and California History and Land- 
larks, under efficient Chairmen. Sixteen new clubs 
ave joined the federation since the last report, 
ringing up the roll to 113 clubs, embracing 8,000 
lembers. 

i The District Vice-Presidents report increased 
ctivity in their divisions and much new work in the 
'ay of traveling libraries, forestry and public im- 
rovement. Good work has been done by several 
idividual clubs in civics during the past year. The 
i!alifornia Club of San Francisco successfully passed 
irough the last Legislature a bill excluding the 
iieadow lark from the list of game birds. The 
"uesday Club of Sacramento limited the granting of 
iiloon licenses to the non-residence portion of their 
!ty. The Palo Alto Women's Club inaugurated a 
snny banking system among the public school chil- 
ren. The Oakland Club of Oakland maintained a 
jication school, and the San Diego clubs obtained 
lilf holidays for clerks during the summer. 

The Chairman of the Civics Committee outlines 
at two subjects for the year, believing them of such 
jiportance as to require the full strength of her com- 
iittee. They are the bringing before the next Leg- 
jlature a bill for the establishment of a juvenile 
vurt for the State, and an educational campaign for 
ie advancement of the work of the Consumers' 
jeague. Distributed with the Year Book are two 
^ers containing suggestions for the prevention of 
jvenile delinquency and dependency, and the for- 
lation of a local Consumers' League, together with 
:condensed statement of pertinent facts issued by the 
Rational Consumers' League. Hearty co-operation 
'asked by the Chairman from all clubwomen. 

The Educational Committee recommends vari- 
[18 matters for consideration and research. Civil 
rvice reform, the condition of wage-earning women 
Jd children, State laws concerning women, public 
laygrounds and parliamentary law are among the 
sidies advocated for the year. 

Forestry is engaging the attention of clubwomen 
^nerally throughout the country. A number of the 
j_:e additions to the State Federation were organized 
ir public improvement — the planting of trees, creat- 
1 ; of parks and improvement of streets. The im- 
F rtance of this movement is evidenced by the exis- 



tence of a National Committee on Forestry and Irri- 
gation, composed of the Chairmen of State Commit- 
tees, and whose leader is appointed by the Board of 
Directors of the General Federation. 

The Committee on Forestry offers practical sug- 
gestions for the study of forestry, and specifies a well- 
selected course of reading. It also advises practical 
local work wherever possible. 

The object of the Committee on Household 
Economics is to promote scientific study on economy 
and hygiene of fuel, housebuilding and furnishing, 
sanitation, prevention of disease, clothing, care of 
children, etc. It urges the necessity of lectures and 
demonstrations, and suggests a "Woman's Day" in 
connection with State and county fairs and farmers' 
institutes. A list of some fifty works bearing upon 
their subjects is offered for study. 

The new Committee of History and Landmarks 
was created for the purpose of a fuller knowledge of 
the history of the State and the arts, crafts and cus- 
toms characteristic of its different localities. It 
urges active interest in the preservation of historical 
papers, paintings and landmarks and the fast disap- 
pearing Indian folk-lore. 

The Reciprocity Committee suggests the estab- 
lishment of a lecture circuit for the more extensive 
dissemination of matter of interest to clubwomen, and 
also the appointment of a member from each club 
who shall correspond with the State Chairman and 
represent her organization in the reciprocity work. 

To the California Club of San Francisco is given 
the credit of beginning the work of traveling libra- 
ries. The State Chairman of Libraries and Port- 
folios reports a number of libraries distributed by in- 
dividual clubs, as follows: 

Tuesday Club, Sacramento, two libraries. 
Placerville, three libraries. 
California Club, San Francisco, six libraries. 
Contemporary Club, San Francisco, two 
libraries. 

Town and Gown, Berkeley, one library. 

Los Angeles Clubs, ten libraries, three portfolios. 

Wednesday Club, San Diego, four libraries. 

Many other clubs have taken up the question 
and have promised libraries in the next few months. 
The committee also intends to agitate the establish- 
ment of free public libraries in all the incorporated 
towns of the State — which alone have the power to 
tax for their maintenance — believing that their ab- 
sence is due chiefly to the lack of proper presentation 
of the subject. 

The Year Book closes with a complete list of the 
Federated Clubs. The second State convention is 
announced to be held at Fresno, February 2, 3 and 
4, 1903- 







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Richelieu Club 

Mrs. J. W. Edwards, President; Miss Esberg, 
Secretary; Mrs. George F. Bowman, Treasurer. 
This club is mostly composed of the presidents of 
other clubs, and meetings are held in the apartments 
of Mrs. George Oulton at the Hotel Richelieu. The 
club's aim is to carry on the drill of parliamentary 
usage with a view of having a more accurate knowl- 
edge of one's rights upon the floor and one's duty in 
Ahe chair of an assembly. Among the members are: 
Mrs. George Oulton, President of the Browning So- 
ciety; Mrs. C. E. Grimsky, President of the Chan- 
ning Auxiliary; Mrs. H. Payot, President of the 
Forum Club, and Mrs. Judge Sloss, President of the 
Jewish Council. 

Philomath Club 

At the regular meeting for this month the club 
talent will give "Some Summer Experiences," the 
following ladies having responded with papers: 
"Summer Trip Among Summer Seas," by Mrs. 
Julius Kahn. (This will touch upon voyage to Ma- 
nila.) "Mount Vernon will be treated by Mrs. Her- 
man Heyneman, our able First Vice-President; "A 
New York Picnic" is the subject of Mrs. A. L. Leng- 
feld's paper, and Miss Mabel Baum will contribute 
"A Stop-Over Privilege in New Orleans." 

Corrected list of officers for this year: Presi- 
dent, Mrs. I. Lowenberg; First Vice-President, Mrs. 
Herman Heyneman; Second Vice-President, Mrs. 
Moses Heller; Recording Secretary, Miss Adele 
Falkenstein; Treasurer, Mrs. Henry Sahlein; Corre- 
sponding Secretary, Miss R. Abel; Executive Com- 
mittee, Mrs. J. H. Neustadter, Mrs. M. C. Sloss, 
Mrs. Ludwig Schwabacher, Mrs. William Greene- 
baum. 

California Club 

The California Club held its first meeting of the 
season on September 2d at its rooms in the Y. M. C. 
A. Building. Work for the year was outlined by the 
department and section leaders as follows: 

Miss Katherine Ball, Department of Education; 
Dr. Mary Roberts Smith, Department of Social 
Science, and Dr. Amy G. Bowen, Department of Civ- 
ics. The various sections will be in charge of the 
following chairman: Miss Kate Whittaker, Cur- 
rent Topics; Mrs. H. H. Fassett, Art; Miss Suzanne 
Patch, Traveling Libraries; Mrs. B. P. Avery, 
Prison. Section; Mrs. J. J. Scoville, Forestry; Mrs. 
Arthur Cornwall, Public Playgrounds; Mrs. E. P. 
Schell, Whist; Mme. Mathilde Grothwell, French; 
Mme. Emilia Tojetti, Music; Mrs. A. D. Sharon, 
Calaveras Big Trees; Mrs. S. L. Strickland, 
Librarian. 

At a special meeting held September 9th, under 
the charge of the Prison Section, the club was ad- 
dressed by Mrs. Maud Ballington Booth, who deliv- 
ered a most interesting address. 

At the regular second meeting, Mr. Robert 
Howe Fletcher read to the members a capable paper 
on "Heraldry." 

An innovation in the club life is the institution 
of an informal reception day each month, whereon 
the members can put aside their work and pause to 
make acquaintance with each other and welcome the 
new additions to their number. 

I Mrs. W. P. Buckingham was the hostess of the 
day at the first informal reception, September 30th, 
and a fine musical program was given under her 
direction. 



The Teachers' Meeting at the Club ^Pufi 

They were all there, teachers of the first, second, ^\f& 
third, yes, of all the grades, and they had met for the • 

purpose of hearing Miss Aziola, a young lady fresh 
from the pedagogical fields of Alaska, who had been 
invited to give a few "pointers" on "teaching" and 
"methods of teaching." 

"Yes," she said, "the teacher who would cure 
me of despair must love the sun and sunny faces." 
Like Jean Paul Richter, when she sees a child with 
gloomy features, she must think of it as a butterfly 
with its wings plucked and obliged to crawl. So the 
teacher should not copy any plan of teaching out of 
books, although she should digest the thoughts of 
others. She should understand the nature of a child. 
One teacher, with fierce determination in her face, 
6ay, "Well, so I do." Look away, dear teacher, from 
that cringing, wincing boy; look back into the past 
some centuries, and see the Great Teacher, with chil- 
dren in His arms and at His feet, declaring "that 
their angels see His Father's face in heaven." 

The teacher, who is not allied to ignorance, 
must love all children, heartily and unaffectedly; 
must be a child as well as a teacher. The best room 
in the building, where the walls are covered with pic- 
tures and maps, the room that lets in the most light 
and pleasure through the windows, is the room de- 
voted to the occupations of the children. They are 
young and they know little, but the teacher's mind 
is very full indeed if she has not felt the necessity of 
studying from day to day to meet their daily require- 
ments. Here the little ones come, with chatter, 
laughter and good-will; with not a particle of fear. 
The teacher could well be likened unto Laocoon, 
struggling with children. "Pretty discipline," you 
(Say; "just wait until school begins." The teacher 
sits where the children sit or walks among them. 
Perhaps the morning and their fresh attention are 
devoted to those studies, which, though not the least 
needful, are the least inviting, and more pleasant 
subjects come ere the day flags; conversation, open 
utterance, is not forbidden. How can a teacher 
form a child's mind when she forbids it to be 
spoken? In a silence broken only by words 
learned only out of a book, how is it possible 
that the chief object of education can be ob- 
tained at all? The children fidget, shift in their 
places and are suffered freely to do so — it is the in- 
stinct of their childhood. They openly make boats, 
and chip at wood, and play with paper when their 
heads are not employed. 

Allegiance to childhood is no insubordination. 
So they work cheerfully and know themselves at 
school to be free agents, doing a duty. At the end 
of every hour's work they scamper out, and, recalled, 
!they scamper back as rapidly as if there were a cane 
for the last comer. 

Morning has been spent in language, arithmetic 
or other exercise in which the pleasant fruit is not im- 
mediately to be gathered. It has imposed upon the 
children mental toil. The afternoon is full of men- 
tal pleasure. The history of man's deeds and works 
and the wonders of nature engage childish hearts 
inore powerfully, not as detailed in skeleton books — ■ 
a dinner of dry bones makes no man fat. The teach- 
er pre-determines that she will take a year for an in- 
troduction into the primary branches of the world's 
culture. She begins as near as possible at the first 
dawn of the knowledge, studies for herself with a 
patient diligence on each topic the most correct and 



3] 



£^£ufi elaborate records (for which purpose the Free Li- 
^ ,^ brary is a grand factor) and pours all oyt in con- 
Piiyt tinued stream, from day to day, enlivened by a child- 
like style. 

The children comment as the story runs. The 
teacher finds a hint sufficient at the time by way of 
moral ; she is rather willing to be taught by the exper- 
ience of what fresh hearts applaud, or censure, on the 
old worn stage of life. Natural history and science, 
all the 'ologies and 'ties and 'nomies succeed each 
other. Foreign countries, not dismissed with a few 
dozen of the driest existing sentences, are visited in 
company with clever travelers. Bright, good- 
humored books of travel carry the imagination of 
the children around the world. In the latter studies 
they take lively interest, remembering to a remarka- 
ble extent what they hear. On every point they have 
spoken freely in the presence of a teacher, not desir- 
ous to create dull copies of herself, but to permit eacl 
budding mind to throw out shoots and spread its roots 
according to its own inherent vigor. She fructifies 
and waters, watches to remove all parisitic growth, 
and the true, healthy mind expands unchecked under 
her care. 

A childish ofYense during school hours, this 
teacher calls "an interruption," and three of these "in- 
"terruptions" are called "a half day lost," and six a 
"whole day lost." Discipline needs no more machin- 
ery than this. The teacher from far Alaska im- 
presses her children with an unlimited regard for 
truth. She says that without truth and sincerity be- 
tween each other and toward their teacher the sys- 
tem we speak of cannot be worked. 

Accordingly, each of her pupils upon entering 
the class has by some visible form the fact impressed 
upon him that he will always be trusted and that it 
may be all his other faults will be dealt gently with 
- "falsehood will be regarded as a crime." But the 
time was going very fast, and as the hour hand point- 
ed toward the mystic number three, the teachers 
gazed at one another and softly murmured, "We have 
heard all that before." The teacher from Alaska 
wondered if they had. 

California Outdoor A.rt League 

Through the courtesy of the Mechanics' Insti- 
tute the California Outdoor Art League has estab- 
lished itself in the library building, 31 Post Street. 
There has been tendered a room for meetings and an 
auditorium for lectures, with use of library. 

The organization of the league is about com- 
plete in all its details. There have been three de- 
partments formed: i. Municipal; 2. Planting, and 
3. Forestry, under which all work will be classified. 

A circular letter has been issued as a convenient 
method of response to the numerous inquiries re- 
ceived from all parts of the State. 

A bulletin is in preparation containing, with 
other matter, the views of many of our prominent 
citizens upon what makes a city beautiful. 

The membership increases steadily, particularly 
the associate membership, which is open to men, and 
they gladly avail themselves of this opportunity to 
aid the great work. 

Board meetings are held on the first apd third 
Monday forenoons of each month and on the fourth 
Monday afternoon at half-past three a meeting of 
members and a program. 

Mrs. Lovell White, President. 

Mrs. H. H. Fassett, Press Correspondent. 



A.ssociation of Pioneer Women of Cali- 
fornia 

At the regular monthly meeting of the Associa- 
tion of Pioneer Women of California, held Septem- 
ber 5, 1902, at the club rooms Golden Gate Hall, sur- 
prises were the order of the day; two of the retiring 
officers, Mrs. Noble Martin, the organizer and firstj 
president, and Mrs. Gardner, the assistant secretary,! 
were the recipients of testimonials expressing the re- 
spect and esteem of the members. Mrs. Martin was 
invited by the Gift Committee to make the presenta- 
tion of the gold badge to Mrs. Gardner, which she 
did most graciously in the following words: 

"Mrs. Gardner — By command of the president 
and at the request of the ladies of the Association of 
Pioneer Women of California you are asked to stand 
before them today, not as a criminal I am happy to 
say, but as one the members wish in some way to 
honor. It is my pleasing duty to say to you in their 
behalf that they have a deep appreciation of the able 
services you have given from the very first days of 
our organization, when you acted as secretary pro 
tem and later on as assistant secretary. 

"We recall many instances of sweet and eager re- 
sponse to the call for help and we remember with 
gratitude the unselfish devotion you have ever shown 
to our welfare. Shakespeare has said: 'Act well thy 
part, therein all the honor lies.' Madame de Stael 
says: 'Sow good services and sweet remembrances 
will grow from them.' Another hath said: 'A 
gracious woman retaineth honor.' You have lived 
the meaning of all these quotations before us. 

"A star does not talk, it shines; it calmly and 
steadily beams out of the sky. You have been like a 
star in your shining. You have been a benediction 
to us. You have given glad service. We do appre- 
ciate your work, and in token of the appreciation we 
?sk you to accept this little gift which we believe you 
will enjoy and treasure because of the esteem that 
prompts its bestowal. 'Who calls thy service hard? 
Who deems it not its own reward?' No, this shining 
ornament is not a reward, it is given in loving re- 
membrance of your willing service. 

"You will see that it is engraved and that your 
name and ours are linked in letters of gold. On the 
other side there is an eschscholtzia wreath, a ship sail- 
ing past a ^ort, and the setting sun shining through 
our own Golden Gate. We hope that the sun of 
prosperity will ever shine on your pathway and that 
when the ship comes to sail away with you through 
the Golden Gate that no sentry on the forts' watch- 
towers will challenge your right to enter the Golden 
City." 

Mrs. Gardner gracefully acknowledged the 
pleasure she felt and said that she would always wear 
it with pride. 

As Mrs. Martin was leaving the platform she 
v/as recalled by the president, Mrs. Mclntyre, 
whereupon Mrs. Gamage stepped forward and pre- 
sented Mrs. Martin with a handsome silver loving- 
cup suitably and beautifully inscribed. There was 
also a facsimile of the society's badge handsomely 
engraved upon it. Mrs. Gamage said : 

"I have been requested to say a few words for the 
Iddies who are proud that they are Pioneer Women 
and proud to know that one of their number con- 
ceived the idea of founding an association of such 
women and who was energetic and persevering 
enough to carry out that most praiseworthy thought. 
Fully realizing what a trying undertaking such a 






[4 



labor of love meant to her and wishing to show in 
some tangible manner how deeply appreciative they 
are of those efforts, they have delegated me, on their 
behalf, to present a slight token of that appreciation. 
I have the honor,* Mrs. Noble Martin, of presenting 
you this little package, trusting although you are no 
longer at the helm you will still journey on with us 
helping with your experienced advice our course in 
the future. 

"May your posterity be as proud of what you 
have done in this line as we are! 

Mrs. Martin was taken entirely unawares and 
visibly affected as she took out the cup. Gazing in- 
tently at it, then tossing back her head, recovered 
composure, saying: "No! I shall not cry; you are too 
bright and beautiful a thing to be dimmed with 
tears." Then in a happy vein thanked the ladies, 
assuring them that anything connected with the 
Pioneer Women would always be held dear to her 
heart, 

Jefferson Davis CKapter, U. D. C, 3^0 

The president called an extra meeting on Sep- 
tember 2d which was held at her residence, to nom- 
inate delegates for the two conventions shortly to 
occur. 

The State convention at Los Angeles will have 
for delegates Mrs. S. M. Van Wyck, Mrs. Julian Le 
Conte and Miss Sally Daingerfield, and it will occur 
October 6th and 7th, 1902. 

The National convention takes place early in 
November at New Orleans, and the delegates will 
be Mrs. Joseph Le Conte and Miss Sally Dainger- 
field. 

The first regular meeting of the Chapter since 
vacation will take place the second Wednesday in 
October. 

At the conclusion of the meeting the announce- 
ment of the wedding of Mr. Sidney M. Van Wyck, 
Jr., brought forth a shower of good wishes, as the 
aever failing gratitude for his inestimable services in 
framing our Constitution and By-Laws were vivid in 
Dur memory. 

Dau^Kters of California Pioneers 

At the regular monthly meeting the Daughters 
of the California Pioneers entertained their friends 
at Pioneer Hall on Monday afternoon, September 
the 15th, with an excellent program. 

Miss Jessie Burns and Miss Maybelle Craig's 
iroices were beautifully adapted to the solos they ren- 
dered, and responded to encores. Mrs. Fred Han- 
>on gave a number of interesting readings from 
Eugene Field, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Richard 
Harding Davis and "The School for Scandal." Mrs. 
Hanson's pleasing personality and the intelligent 
biandlingof the selections were highly appreciated by 
ill present. 

One of the most enjoyable features of the after- 
loon's entertainment was the duet from "II Trova- 
'ore," by Master Harry Tricou Maurer and Bernie 
Von Gilder, aged respectively 15 and 11. Their 
Voices blended harmoniously, showing a perfect 
knowledge of the use of the voice. They were 
fieartily encored and gave very sweetly, "Mighty 
Lak a Rose." 

Master Harry Tricou Maurer has the honor of 
3eing the great-grandson of a living pioneer, Mr. 
Isaak K. White. The children are pupils of Mme. 
Ellen Coursen-Roeckel and possess remarkable 
voices. 







CPuB 



The Mothers* Union of Golden Gate 

Mrs. Henrica Ilohan called together the women 
of Golden Gate to consider the feasibility of organiz- 
ing a club for women. 

The result of this meeting was the organization 
Of "The Mothers' Union of Golden Gate," on Feb- 
ruary 23, 1899. 

This club has shown much enthusiasm and an 
eagerness for active work. 

Since its organization a public reading-room has 
been established; books have been provided for the 
use of the children; a handsome picture adorns the 
walls of the room, being a gift of the club. 

Letter-boxes have been placed at convenient 
localities. 

The interests of the working girls have received 
considerate attention. Self-development has been 
one of the features of this club, and papers have been 
prepared and read by some of the members, showing 
marked ability, one on child nature being replete 
with practical suggestions, which created qyite a 
lively discussion, and an investigation on the present 
condition of child labor in our own city. 

Excellent addresses comprising a wide range of 
subjects have been given before this club, from time 
to time, which have been of great profit and interest 
to the members. 

A course on nature study by Miss Chapman was 
of especial value. 

The club is about to take up a course of demon- 
strative lectures on "Domestic Science," by Miss Ida 
L. Piatt. 

Altogether "The Mothers' Union" is a wide- 
awake, progressive club, composed of earnest, sincere 
women of whom the President, Mrs. P. Cahill, with 
her enthusiasm and hospitality, is the beloved leader. 
She has done much toward the social and fraternal 
development of "The Mothers' Union of Golden 
Gate." 

Criterion Club 

As the season advances, the work of the Criterion 
Club of Alameda becomes exceedingly interesting. 
A paper on "Glass Making," by Mrs. H. L. Eastman, 
is replete with useful and entertaining information, 
and another, ably handled by Mrs. Read on the "Do- 
mestic Service Problem," were the literary features 
of the work for September. In addition to these 
original papers, readings on Rembrandt and Cuyp 
by Mrs. Baker, and an article on "Home Gardens," 
by Mrs. La Motte were given. 

A social evening on the nth of September, at 
the home of Mrs. F. G. Baker, proved a brilliant and 
enjoyable affair. Over one hundred guests of the 
club assembled to hear Mrs. Florence Jackson Stod- 
dard speak on the "Folk-lore of the Incas." Mrs. 
Stoddard is a delightful speaker of very charming 
manner and attractive appearance. 

Mrs. Baker was assisted in receiving by Mrs. G. 
B. Bird, President of the Criterion Club; Mrs. S. S. 
Brower, Mrs. H. L. Eastman, Mrs. Millie Husbands 
and Mrs. R. W. Mastick. It is the intention of the 
club to have several of these social evenings during 
the year. 



5] 



CM 



HioflrldriieteDevDMtdldfe'M 

Our LADIES' SILK VESTS, §2.50 to §6.50, deserve your 
special attention. We also carry a fine line of LINEN, LISLE 
and WOOL UNDERWEAR at prices to suit all purses. Leading 
doctors wear and recommend our Underwear because of its sanitary 
advantages and comfort. 



Knitted Jackets and Vests, 
Skirts, Shawls, Infants' 
Silk Hoods and Caps. 



knitJtingco. 



60 Geary St. 
San Francisco 



Three CHinese Fables 

Chinese literature, almost unknown to Western 
people, is rich in parables and fables. Here are three 
which may not be as good as Esop, but are greatly 
superior to those of some of his modern imitators. 

A tiger who had never seen an ass was terrified 
at the sound of his voice, and was about to run away, 
when the donkey turned his heels and was about to 
kick. 

"If that is your mode of attack," said the tiger, 
"I know how to deal with you." 

In another fable the donkey gets even. 

A tiger captured a monkey. The monkey begged 
to be released on the score of his insignificance, but 
promised to show the tiger where he might find a 
more valuable prey. The tiger complied, and the 
monkey conducted him to a hillside where an ass was 
feeding — an animal which the tiger had never before 
seen. 

"My good brother," said the ass to the monkey, 
"hitherto you have always brought me two tigers. 
How is it that you have brought me only one to-day?" 

The tiger fled for his life. Thus a ready wit 
wards off danger. 

The principle of the next fable the Chinese 
always apply to their European instructors in the art 
of war. 

A tiger, finding a cat very prolific in devices for 
catching game, placed himself under her instruction. 
At length he was told there was nothing more to be 
learned. 

"Have you taught me all your tricks?" 

"Yes," replied the cat. 

"Then," said the tiger, "you are of no further 
use, and I shall eat you." 

The cat, however, sprang lightly into the 
branches of a tree and smiled at the tiger's disap- 
pointment. She had not taught the tiger all her tricks. 

CHinese Bridal Red 

The Chinese have as many red things as possible, 
as red is their happy color. 

A Chinese bride on her wedding day has her hair 
shaved square off on her temples and done up as 
married women do theirs. Then she is dressed for 
the ceremony, not in white (of course that is mourn- 
ing in China), but in bright red — red trousers, a red 
jacket, a red skirt, and a wonderful red head-dress, 
with a thick red veil that completely covers her face. 

When her toilet is completed she is put into a 
heavy red sedan chair. The door is locked by her 
mother, and the key is taken to the bridegroom's 
house. Four men carry the chair, quite a procession 
accompanying it. First come men carrying lanterns, 
then a large open red umbrella. A band comes next, 
and crackers are let off at intervals. Thus she arrives 
at her bridegroom's house. 

Even the coolies who carry the furniture make 
as great a display of the red color as possible. They 
are paid by the bridegroom in little rolls of cash 
neatly done up in red paper. 




... THE ... 

Yamato 

Sutter 
Street 

Below 
Powell 

SAN rRANCISCO 



A LARGE COLLECTION or 



yapanese Prints ond Illustrated Book^ 



BY OLD MASTERS ' 



B. KOBAYASHI, R°°^^ 9. 23. post streei 



SAN FRANCISCO 



TVi^ T ntfk XTV ^®® ^^^"^ ^^""^ 

1 lie JL^UUiO ^\.l V Between Taylor and Jonet 

For Rarest Art Curios; Miniature Paintings by Rubens, Rosa Bonheur, David Duez 
Etc.; Brass, Pewters, Porcelain and Potteries, Indian Baskets, Blankets, Europeai 
Draperies and Laces, Choice Antique Jewels 

BUYS, SELLS AND EXCHANGES 
C. V. Miller Phone Polk 154; 

KOSAI : Japanese ylrtisi 

VISITORS CORDIALLY INVITED 
TO INSPECT SHOWROOMS 

572 SUTTER STREET San Francisco, Gal 



Main Store, Yokohama, Japan Phone Black 15S 

TCU.^ 1—^.1.^ Direct Importer and 

• OillUClLct Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 

Japanese Fancy Goods and Old Curioi 

336 Kearny Street, bet. Bush and Pine, San Francisco, Cal. 



Main OHicei, Kioto and Yokohama, Japan 



Telephone Red 413 



7~7i/:> /i c l>i 224 Poit Street, above Grant Ave 
J. fJiy .^IjClDl San Framiuo 

Japanese Embroidery and Drawn Work a Specialty. Japanese Curios and Art Good 

Antique and Modern; Hand Paintings in Water-colors 

Valuable Collection of Old Prints 

T*\-»^ "\7'^ •^/^^ *^^ ^UI ^'9 Post St., above Grant Ave 
Ine YamanaSnl San Francisco, Cal 

Antique and New Japanese Curios and Fine Art Blue Ware, 

Bronze, Porcelain, Satsuma, Lacquer Ware, Cloissonne, Brass Ware, 
Telephone Red 4281 Old Brocade, Prints, Embroidery and Drawn Work, Etc 

CHY LUNG & CO """"'^''"' ■'^° 

Direct Importers of Chinese and (apanese l'"ancv Goods. All Varietie 
of Silks and Grass Cloth, and Every Kind of Choice Oriental Curio 

640 Sacramento St., San Francisco, Cal. 



FUNG HAi k CO. «:« eeoNY 

IMPORTCRS or }\imm\ 

Chinese and Japonese Curiosities, Bronzes, Ivorie 

5ilX and Crepe Dress Pancrns,HQTidKerchlef5,et( 

419 KEARNY ST. BET PINE AND CAL. S.F. CaL. 



QUONG TUCK & CO. 

Dealers in Tea, Sugar, Rice, Nut Oil, Chinese Merchandise, Etc 
9295^ Dupont Street 

Between Washington and Jackson, San Francisco 
Tekplione China 12S r. O. Box 2414 

BOSTON CASH STORE 

Dealers in Dry Goods, Fancy Goods, Notions, Ladies' and Gents 
Furnishings, Stationery, Leather Goods and Valises 

1 2 1 1 Stockton Street, bet. Broadway and Pacific 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 



The Hinomoto 



Direct Importer of Japanese Embroideries 
Our Tea Room now open. Come and vtt t 

217 Geary St., San Francisco, next door to Peacock Cafe Tel. Brown 10 



[6 








Library correspondence may be addressed, respectively, to the following 
named persons, who are Vice-Chairmen of Libraries and Portfolios: 

Northern District — Mrs. Marion M. Oliver, Paradise, Butte 

County. 

San Francisco District — Miss Susanne R. Patch, 1521 Clay Street, San 
Francisco. 

Alameda District— Mrs. C. B. Breck, 1531 Arch Street, Berkeley. 

Los Angeles District — Mrs. D. B. Sessions, 1421 South Hill Street, Los 
Angeles 

San Joaquin District — Mrs. O. C. Conley, Bakersfield. 

San Diego District — Mrs. S. C. Evans, Jr., Orange Street, Riverside. 

State Chairman— Miss Susanne R. Patch, 1521 Clay St., San Francisco. 



Had I the power I would scatter libraries over 

the whole land, as a sower sows his wheat field. — 

u Horace Mann. 
t 

The Ne-w Library La-w 

Vacation is over; the club season has opened and 
we are all planning how to make the coming months 
most effective for the departments in which we are 
specially interested. The library field never before 
looked half so promising. Throughout the State it 
is beginning to be realized that the new library law is 
just what we needed to help in the building up of 
new libraries. Let us talk a little today on this sub- 
ject, so that the benefits of the law may be widely 
understood. This law was approved March 23, 
1901. We quote the first section in full. 

"Section L The Common Council, Board of 
Trustees or other legislative body of any incorporat- 
ed city or town in the State of California, may, and 
upon being requested to do so by one-fourth of the 
electors of such municipal corporation in the man- 
ner hereinafter provided, must, by ordinance, estab- 
lish in and for said municipality a public library; 
PROVIDED, there be none already established 
therein." 

Please note the importance of one little word in 
this section — the word MUST. It will be seen that 
the language is not permissive, but imperative; the 
I City Trustees absolutely must establish and maintain 
a free library when one-quarter of the voters so peti- 
tion. 

This provision of the statute makes it possible 
for any woman's club to begin agitation for a library 
and to fully discuss its benefits, with the assurance 
that their efforts, after presenting the requisite peti- 
tion (seldom difficult to obtain), will be successful. 

In Section 3 the two new features of appoint- 
ment, instead of election and of eligibility, should in- 
terest clubwomen. 

"Section 3. Such public library shall be man- 
aged by a board designated as the Board of Library 
Trustees, consisting of five members, to be appointed 
by the Mayor, President of the Board of Trustees or 
other executive head of the municipality, by and with 
the consent of the legislative body of said munici- 
pality. (If this conflicts with the charter provisions 
of any city, the charter governs.) * * * Men 
and women shall be equally eligible to such appoint- 
ment." 



There are not half a dozen library boards in the 
State with any women members. Why should it not 
be the rule, and not the exception, that women should 
thus be represented? Before the next vacancy occurs 
(by limitation), let the clubwomen present a petition 
to their Mayor or President of the City Board of 
Trustees, asking that one or more women be duly 
appointed. 

Then in Section 7 it is for the first time in our 
legislation provided that "The library tax shall be in 
addition to other taxes, the levy of which is permitted 
in the municipality." Don't forget this item when 
some trustee pleads that the general law will not 
allow the raising of any more money. 

Of still greater importance, in the same sec- 
tion, is the fact that no restriction is placed on the 
amount that may be raised for a new library for the 
first two years after its establishment; after that time, 
in cities of the 4th, 5th and 6th classes, it is legal to 
tax as high as two mills on the dollar. Under this 
provision any city newly establishing a library can 
raise money enough for its own library building — if 
Mr. Carnegie does not forestall such action — and, 
thereafter, can provide an ample annual income. 

Traveling libraries are now receiving much at- 
tention. It may be noted that in Section 10 authority 
is given for their use. 

"Section 10. Boards of Library Trustees and 
the legislative bodies of neighboring municipalities 
or Boards of Supervisors of the counties in which 
public libraries are situated, may contract for lending 
the books of such libraries to residents of such coun- 
ties or neighboring municipalities, upon a reasona- 
ble compensation to be paid by such counties or 
neighboring municipalities." 

It is entirely practicable for any woman's club to 
petition its own Board of County Supervisors to ap- 
propriate a certain sum of money for this purpose. 
It may, and probably will, take long-continued agi- 
tation and pressure to start this desirable work. But, 
it may be remembered, there is high authority for be- 
lieving that "In due season we shall reap if we faint 
not." 

"Nothing succeeds like success." This is ver- 
ified in Calistoga, where, in response to correspond- 
ence with the State Federation a traveling library was 
sent, an Improvement Club organized, a petition to 
the city authorities asking for the establishment of a 



7] 



££u6 ^^^^ library circulated by its members, the petition 
j» ,g was granted, of course, and an ordinance passed in 

fsiijt accordance with the provisions of the new library 
law. One man and four women have been appointed 
on the Board of Library Trustees. The club has 
purchased thirty-three books for the library and pro- 
poses to be its firm friend. Will the women of Cal- 
istoga accept our hearty congratulations? 

Up among the mountains of Nevada County is 
a bright little place known as Nevada City. It has 
the unique distinction of supporting its newly estab- 
lished public library without depending on direct 
taxation. How can that be? asks many an envious 
town. Because, fortunately, Nevada City owns its 
water-works and the handsome surplus pays all cur- 
rent expenses. Citizens contributed generously to a 
fund for the purchase of a building. The initiative 
of this enterprise is due, in particular, to one woman's 
earnest efforts. 

And now comes Chico, a beautiful city of 3,000 
population, which determines no longer to be with- 
out the uplifting influences of a public library. Re- 
cently the subject of founding a library was agitated, 
receiving the strong endorsement of the citizens, the 
proper petition was presented to the authorities and 
accepted, and the ordinance for establishment is to 
be drawn for early action. 

Do the clubwomen of California want to have a 
free library established in, practically, every incor- 
porated city in the State? There is nothing to pre- 
vent it. Through the untiring efforts of the League 
of California Municipalities, one of the best library 
laws in the United States was passed at the last legis- 
lative session. Read the editorial in the preceding 
column. 

A $200 bequest has been received by the Napa 
Public Library from the estate of the late William 
Laughlin. The fund is to be called the "Laughlin 
Memorial" and will be used for the purchase of 
books on floriculture and botany. 

On Sept. 2d, Andrew B. McCreery, who had 
previously given $25,000 for a branch library in San 
Francisco, gave $10,000 more for the library. 

The Carnegie donations in California to the 
present time have been bestowed on fourteen cities, 
as follows: Alameda, Eureka, Fresno, Los Gatos, 
Oakland, Pomona, Riverside, San Bernardino, San 
Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Santa Ana, Santa 
Cruz and Santa Rosa. These gifts vary in amount 
from $10,000 to Los Gatos to $750,000 for San Fran- 
cisco, averaging (exclusive of San Francisco) 
$27,000 to each of the thirteen places. The aggre- 
gate sum given is about $1,100,000. 

The Carnegie gifts in the United States, an- 
nounced during June and July, number five, and 
amount to $95,000; those for England, Scotland, Ire- 
land and New South Wales are seven in number and 
aggregate $577,000. 

Is the reader a mother of a boy or girl, and re- 
siding in an incorporated city having no free library? 
Do you wish that, now or later, they shall have ac- 
cess to the wealth of instruction afTorded by a public 
library? If so, read the lines in the first column — 
read them in your club. If there is no club in your 
place, organize one, correspond with your district 
vice-chairman and begin work for a free library. It 
is a clear case of "Heaven helps those who help 
themselves." 



Piano and Son^ iVecitals 

At Steinway Hall, No. 223 Sutter Street, on i 
Thursday evening, October 23d, Miss Gussie Mast 
will give a song recital under the direction of Pro- 
fessor O. Fleissmer. Admission to be one dollar. 
No reserved seats. 

Miss Mast, who is totally blind, possesses a most 
exquisite soprano voice. Her voice so impressed 
Mme. Minkowsky that during her stay in this city, 
she instructed the young lady free of charge and en- 
couraged her to make her debut before the public in 
concert. As Miss Mast has not had the means to 
cultivate her voice to the degree it deserves, she 
gives this recital in order to raise money to study in 
New York, where she hopes to perfect herself for 
concert work. 

Mme. Minkowsky tried a number of voices 
in this city for the purpose of conferring upon some 
young lady the scholarship in music offered by Mme. 
Nordica; it is without doubt that Miss Mast 
would have won the scholarship had it not been for 
her unfortunate affliction — blindness. 

Clubwomen, gather together and give Miss 
Mast a rousing reception! 

As a piano player the genuine Pianola has no 
rival. In the artistic field it rules supreme. The 
testimony and patronage of the greatest musicians of 
our generation, those whose opinions cannot be 
bought has been freely given to the Pianola, but of 
all piano-playing devices it alone has been so hon- 
ored. Paderewski, Emil Sauer, Rosenthal, Ham- 
bourg, Hofmann, Bloomfield-Zeisler, Calve, Nor- 
dica, De Reszke, etc., are all Pianola enthusiasts and 
use their instruments constantly; in fact most of the 
world's greatest singers have sung in public recitals 
with their accompaniments played on the Pianola. 
Now don't judge the Pianola by an imitation; if you 
haven't heard the genuine instrument you have abso- 
lutely no idea of its wonderful worth. You can play 
as well as any of the great artists with the help of a 
Pianola. Isn't it worth while being able to play like 
Paderewski? The genuine Pianola is on e.xhibition 
at all hours of the day only at Kohler & Chase, 28-30 
O'Farrell Street, our leading piano house, and is not 
sold by any other firm. Why don't you, too, accept 
their invitation to hear it play the piano? Go around 
to Kohler & Chase and try the Pianola yourself. 

The October program of the winter course of 
lectures of the Starr King Fraternity held in the lec- 
ture room of the Unitarian Church, Fourteenth and 
Castro Streets, Oakland, is as follows: 

October 3d — "The High Sierras of California," 
illustrated with lantern slides by Joseph N. Le Conte, 
instructor of the University of California and mem- 
ber of the Outing Committee of the Sierra Club. 

October 17th — "A Day in the George Junior 
Republic." A story of a visit to this most interesting 
boy government by H. Weinstock of Sacramento. 

October 31st — Discussion of the merits of popu- 
lar novels by members of the fraternity. 

Velveta! What is it? Velveta is a liquid, im- 
perceptible powder for the face and hands which 
enhances one's loveliness and at the same time pre- 
serves the fine texture of the skin from the dust and 
wind. Sold everywhere and by Val Schmidt, in- 
ventor, chemist, Southeast corner Polk and Jackson 
Streets, San Francisco. 



[8 



Club Life in Sacramento 



The Saturday Club 

Nearly ten years ago, through the efforts of Mrs. 
Robert Irving Bentley, now of San Francisco, the 
music-loving women of Sacramento were aroused to 
activity, and formed an organization known as the 
Saturday Club, having for its object the musical im- 
provement of its members, and the stimulation of 
musical interest in the community. 

A charter membership of sixty — forty active and 
twenty associate — was enrolled, with Mrs. Frank 
Miller as President, Mrs. Chas. McCreary, Vice- 
President and Miss Emily Thompson, now Mrs. Jas. 
H. Pond of Oakland, Secretary and Treasurer. 

During the first and second years, the meetings 
were held at the homes of the members, the first being 
given at the residence of Mrs. Chas. McCreary De- 
cember 9, 1893. 

The membership was originally composed of 
two classes — active and associate — but during the sea- 
son '96-'97, a student class of twenty girls under twen- 
ty years of age was added. This idea met with such 
favor among both teachers and students that it be- 
came necessary last season to raise .the limit from 
twenty to thirty with still more than twenty on the 
"Waiting List." 

Three years ago the club broadened its field of 
labor by presenting a series of "Artist Recitals" 
which have brought to Sacramento many of the best 
known musicians in the United States. Among those 
who have been presented are: Rosenthal, Mme. 
Bloomfield-Zeisler, Clarence Eddy and Camilla 
Urso, and much of the best talent of San Francisco 
and Oakland. Edward MacDowell, the great 
American composer and pianist, is on the program 
for this season. 

The work most valuable to the club, however, is 
that done on the "Home Days" — each active mem- 
ber appearing twice during the season. These days 
act as a great stimulus to the active membership and 
are, in fact, the bone and sinew of the entire organ- 
ization. 

Another interesting and instructive feature of 
the club is the analysis of every number given on the 
home day programs. These papers are prepared 
and read by the literary members — five in number — 
who form a part of the limited active membership. 

It was the policy of the club the first four years 
of its existence to limit the associate list to a compar- 
atively small number; but after much discussion and 
long deliberation, the limit was increased from time 
to time, until 1 900-1 901 when it was entirely re- 
moved. Since then an altruistic spirit has pervaded 
the organization, each member considering herself a 
missionary in the field of music, bringing aspiring 
souls to realize that there is as much hidden beauty in 
the works of Handel and Beethoven as is found in 
the paintings of Raphael, or the poems of Milton. 

The Saturday Club now has the honor of being 
the largest and best established club of its kind west 
of Chicago. Its popularity is shown by the average 
attendance which last year was three hundred and 
ninety, with an average of forty-five non-resident 
guests entertained at each meeting. 

Some idea of the growth of the organization can 
be ascertained from the fact that the aggregate cor- 



respondence the past season reached nearly a thou- 
sand letters. Of the charter members, the following 
have belonged for the ten consecutive years: Mes- 
dames Albert Elkus, Frank Miller, Dwight Mil- 
ler, R. H. Hawley, G. L. Simmons, Eugene Hadley, 
L. Mebius, Sparrow Smith, H. G. May; Misses 
Maye Carroll, Minnie Richardson, Lizzie Griffen. 

The officers for the ensuing season are — Mrs. 
Albert Elkus, President; Mrs. J. A. Moynihan, First 
Vice-President; Mrs. W. J. Murcell, Second Vice- 
President; Mrs. Louise McC. Gavigan, Secretary; 
Miss Aurelia M. Waite, Treasurer. 

The club resumes active work October 11, 1902, 
with a membership of more than four hundred and 
fifty, and with every indication of a most brilliant and 
successful season. 

Mrs. Albert Elkus, President, 1512 M St. 

Mrs. Louise McC. Gavigan, 1414 Eighth St. 

TKe Junior Saturday Club 

The Junior Saturday Club was organized Nov. 
13, 1897. The existence of this club is due to the 
earnest work of Miss Celi^ Saunders who, with some 
of her friends, ten in all, banded together for the pur- 
pose of forming a musical club, which was to meet 
twice a month. 

After some deliberation they finally agreed to 
name it the Junior Saturday Club, and follow as 
closely as possible in a minute way the plans of the 
Seniors. 

The first musical meeting was held at the home 
of Miss Saunders, and was such a success that the 
girls became very enthusiastic over their new ven- 
ture, perceiving at once the great benefit that would 
certainly be derived from these bi-monthly meetings. 

They continued to assemble this way at the dif- 
ferent homes, increasing their membership from year 
to year, until at the end of the third year the mem- 
bers had increased to such an extent that they realized 
it would be impossible to longer continue meeting at 
the homes; so by increasing the dues a hall was pro- 
cured. This was one step toward the advancement 
of the Junior Saturday Club. 

It is the earnest purpose of every girl entering 
this club to so promote herself in the study of music 
that she may one day gain the end for which the club 
was instituted — namely, to be enrolled amongst the 
active membership of the Saturday Club. 

Already we have passed with pride some of our 
members on to the larger field and have seen them 
reach the goal for which they strived on entering the 
Junior Club. 

Miss Ethel Backrath, President, 309 Q Street. 

Miss Olive Sheehan, Secretary, 2327 H Street. 

The Ladies' Museum Association 

This is one of the first woman's clubs of Sacra- 
mento — a most worthy organization, and standing 
high in the community. 

A number of ladies met October 5, 1888, and 
formed a club, the object of which was to assist young 
men and women in pursuing the study of art. A 
school of design was started in the fine art gallery 
and museum presented to the city by the late Mrs. 



9] 




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Club Life in Sacramento 



(Continued) 



Margaret Crocker, and the club sent nearly thirty 
young people, the majority of whom are using their 
knowledge of art in earning a living. 

The dues are $1.20 a year, or 10 cents a month. 

The association has given a number of enter- 
tainments, among them being Art Loans and Poster 
Shows which were highly artistic. 

The officers are Miss Bessie Crouch, President, 
1514 Fourteenth Street; Mrs. H. B. Breckenfeld, 
Secretary, 1316 I Street. 

Ladies' Choral Society 

The idea of the Ladies' Choral Society was the 
outgrowth of a sight-reading class of twenty ambi- 
tious music students, who, in the fall of 1895, associ- 
ated themselves for that purpose under the direction 
of Mrs. Frances Moeller. 

The winter's work proved so interesting and in- 
structive that the following season they organized a 
society, electing Miss Mildred Obarr, President, and 
Mrs. F. M. Jones, Secretary and Treasurer. A pre- 
paratory or sight-reading class is still maintained, 
from which the students pass to the Choral Society 
proper after a prescribed examination by the board. 

The objects of the society as set forth in its orig- 
inal By-Laws are the practice of sight-reading and 
the study of concerted music for women's voices, for 
which they meet weekly. 

The society now has a repertoire of more than 
fifty choruses among which might be mentioned 
'•The Water Nymphs" by Rubenstein; "Charity" by 
Rossini and "Lullaby" by Mozart. 

They have also given several cantatas notably, 
'•Daughter of the Sea" by Cowen; "The Hermit's 
Heart" by Abt, and "King Rene's Daughter" by 

Smart. 

For their opening recital October 4th they have 
in preparation Gounod's "Nazareth." 

Last season in addition to their regular work, a 
"Song Recital" by Charlotte Maconda was given 
under their auspices and a grand testimonial con- 
cert for their director, Mrs. Moeller, who had been 
ill for many months. 

The expenses of the society are kept up by mem- 
bership dues, music-loving friends or patronesses, and 
the sale of admission tickets to the recitals. 

The records show an enrollment of fifty-two 
active and twenty associate names. 

Mrs. Frank Bellhouse, President, 811 H Street. 

Alma Dufour, Secretary, 2000 K Street. 



The Tuesday Club 

The Tuesday Club of Sacramento owes its origin 
to Mrs. Findley R. Dray, at whose home in Decem- 
ber, 1896, plans were formulated for perfecting its 
organization as a study club. Mrs. William Beck- 
man was chosen as its first president, and during the 
first season a series of historical lectures on Greece, 
Rome, England and the colonial days of America 
were given by Mrs. E. B. Purnell. 

Mrs. Edward Twitchell was the club's second 
president and a program consisting of lectures on the 
lives and works of English and American poets and 
novelists by Mrs. E. B. Purnell, and a series of lec- 
tures on Wagner and Browning by Mrs. Henri Fair- 
weather were successfully carried out. 



Mrs. Findley R. Dray presided during the third ^f^ 
year and the program consisted of discussions on cur- ^ 'f. 
rent topics, lectures on historical and other subjects iSXT* 
and social reunions. 

Mrs. A. J. Johnston was selected as president for 
the two succeeding years. The club had by this time 
outgrown its original purpose and had increased 
from its charter membership of seventeen to one hun- 
dred. 

Under Mrs. Johnston's administration many 
changes were made in the club procedure. It was 
determined to declare that "its objects shall be to 
form a recognized center for social and mental cul- 
ture; to further the education of women for the re- 
sponsibilities of life; to encourage all movements for 
the betterment of society, and to foster a generous 
public spirit in the community." In order to facili- 
tate the study along dififerent lines, it was deemed ex- 
pedient to subdivide the larger club into smaller de- 
partments, namely, "The Literature," "The Home 
and Education," "The Current Topics" and "The 
Shakespeare," to act in conjunction with the club 

proper. 

The literary work done during the season was 
the review of ancient and modern masterpieces of lit- 
erature, discussion of current events of interest, and 
lectures by eminent lecturers on miscellaneous sub- 
jects. 

The only public work attempted by the club thus 
far was during this administration and consisted in 
the sending of a petition to the Board of City Trus- 
tees, requesting it to pass an ordinance prohibiting 
the granting of any more saloon licenses in the resi- 
dence portion of the city. This petition met with 
approval in the Board, and an ordinance was passed 
in accordance therewith which is still in efifect. Also 
a "Free Cooking School" for young girls was suc- 
cessfully inaugurated under the auspices of the club. 

At the annual meeting in March, 1900, Mrs. Ed- 
ward P. Colgan was elected president. Under her 
legime a program similar in outline to those of pre- 
ceding years was presented, consisting of lectures, 
social reunions, home days, receptions with light re- 
freshments and dramatic representations. A resolu- 
tion adopted by the club favoring the purchase of 
East Park (a tract of thirty-seven acres of land on the 
outskirts of the city), to be dedicated as a "McKin- 
ley Memorial," and to be reserved as a public park 
and playground for children, was submitted by the 
Tuesday Club to the Board of City Trustees; the 
action taken thereon resulted in the purchase by the 
city of the park, in accordance with the request of the 

club. 

The club has been successful each year since its 
inception, and it became necessary at the beginning 
of the present season to extend the limit of member- 
ship to three hundred and fifty, to accommodate the 
large number of applicants. 

Mrs. H. B. Breckenfeldt, Member of the Ex- 
ecutive Board. 

Mrs. Frank A. Edinger, President, 731 M 

Street. 

Mrs. E. E. Earle, Corresponding Secretary, 

2019 K Street. 

The Gri^^s Club 

A few years ago, in the course of a lecture. Prof. 
Edward Howard Griggs suggested a program of 
useful reading. A party of friends, desirous of im- 
provement, decided to study the course together. So 



M] 



en February 4, 1898, through the influence chiefly of 
Mrs. Clara F. Parsons, a club was organized. 

For convenience in study the club is divided into 
circles, consisting of twelve members; each circle 
meets regularly and reads under the direction of a 
leader chosen from its own numbers. 

Three years were devoted to what was termed 
the "Ethical Course." The first year included 
studies in Plato's "Apology," "Discourses" of Epic- 
tetus; "Meditations" of Aurelius; Emerson's "Es- 
says"; Carlyle's "Sartor Resartus." From this ex- 
perience we learned the old, old truth that a little 
well well done is far the most profitable means 
to an end, and, accordingly, arranged to read 
during the ensuing years only as much as could 
be accomplished with care. 

Tennyson's "Idylls of the King" and "In Mem- 
oriam" were read the second year; many of Brown- 
ing's poems the third year, such as "Rabbi Ben 
Ezra," "Saul," "Cleon," "A Death in the Desert," 
"Abt Vogler," "One Word More," etc. The fourth 
year Homer's "Iliad" was completed, and we hope to 
begin the "Odyssey" with the opening of this season. 

As a club, prominence has not been sought nor 
attained; to the individual members, nevertheless, 
the reading has been of such infinite value, satisfac- 
tion and benefit that they feel more than gratified 
with the success of the work attempted. 

Miss Mary L. Woods, President. 

Miss M. E. Titherington, Secretary. 

The nin^sley Art Club 

The Kingsley Art Club was organized in 1892 at 
Sacramento by Mrs. Marvin R. Higgins, its first 
president. 

The club was named in honor of Mr. Elbridge 
Kingsley, the famous New England painter and 
engraver. 

The objects of the club are the study of art in 
its various branches, the creation and development of 
artistic spirit in the members, and the dissemination 
of artistic sentiment generally in the community, thus 
elevating the tone of society, improving the mind, 
and properly stimulating the imaginative faculty. 

During the first years of the club the general 
subjects of the program were engraving on wood, 
line engraving in metal, etching, and American art. 

The next three years' work was devoted to 
studies in early civilization and ancient art. 

Then followed a number of years study on the 
Italian Renaissance. 

During last year an in the Netherlands has been 
discussed, and this year's program is to include Ger- 
man art. 

The Kingsley Art Club numbers only twenty 
members, but all are workers, and interested in the 
study. The meetings are held alternate Mondays at 
the homes of the different members. 

It is the aim of the club to send to the traveling 
library, a portfolio containing art studies. Our State 
Library has been of great value to our members, 
owing to its extensive collection of reference books 
and specimens of art. 

Mrs. H. Weinstock, President, 163 1 H Street. 

Mrs. Martin Beasley, Secretary, 2Cxdo L Street. 

Sincerity is speaking as we think, believing as we 
pretend, acting as we profess, performing as we prom- 
ise, and being as we appear to be. 



Her Disgrace 

WRITTEN FOR AND READ BEFORE THE TEA CLUB 

It was 1 1 o'clock at night, and Constance had 
eaten nothing since 11 that morning. She was dizzy 
and light-headed, and as the elevator shot upwards 
she swayed slightly and clutched at the sides of the 
cage. 

The sudden burst of sound and light staggered 
her again as she stepped into the narrow hall at the 
top, and she stopped a moment to get her poise. The 
impetuous tingle of the electric call bells, the drone 
of dictation from one of the boxlike rooms that faced 
the corridor, the click of a typewriter from another, 
and, above all, the insistent clatter from the telegraph 
room, all came to her like the trumpet-call to duty. 

Once in the local room, the tense quiet, the sub- 
dued light of the green-shaded electric globes, the 
magnetic current of many minds working at high 
pressure, steadied her nerves and went to her head 
like fine wine. 

She drew a quick breath, as if to measure her 
strength, and, with a quick glance at the clock, threw 
off her coat and hat and bent to her work. 

For a time there was no sound in the room but 
the soft scrabble of quick-moving pencils, and the 
rustle of turning leaves as page after page of copy 
piled up. There was a big story on that night, and 
the suppressed excitement was making the air more 
than usually vibrant. A long murder trial that had 
kept the city on edge for months had reached its dra- 
matic climax that day, and every man on the staff had 
been pressed into service, leaving Constance more 
than her usual share of routine work to cover. A 
flower show, a swell club luncheon, a "prevention of 
cruelty to children" case that had led her a trail 
through the tenements and water-front district until 
she had finally landed her story behind the scenes 
at a low-class dive, she had only now left a famous 
astronomer from a big Eastern college, who had dis- 
coursed to her of astral matters with a courtesy that 
was like balm to her frequently lacerated feelings, 
but with an erudition that was causing a perpendic- 
ular line between her eyes as she paused with uplifted 
pencil and stared with unseeing eyes at Dixson, the 
hotel man, who, with lighted match at his cigar, was 
smiling back at her absorption. 

The staff was regarding Constance with more 
seriousness to-day, and also with the respect that suc- 
cess always wins from those who understand its cost. 

For she was bearing the honors of her virgin 
"scoop." 

It was simple chance that had brought the story 
her way, and she had written it in full tide of an ex- 
cited imagination that had seized the dramatic pcssi- 
bilities of the scene she had witnessed. She had 
certainly found her "nose for news." 

"Good stuff!" Johnson, the city man, had said to 
her that morning. And further than that, praise 
from him could not go. And then, again, he had re- 
peated his favorite maxim, the rule and rod by which 
the staff were supposed to live, "There is no disgrace 
but failure." 

How that phrase clung to her, "No disgrace but 
failure"! Yes — but where was her self-respect, when 
she had stood behind a screen and deliberately list- 
ened to words not meant for her ears, and then with 
witty words and brilliant sarcasm, for the city's care- 
less amusement, had laid bare a fellow woman's 
shame that otherwise, perhaps, might have remained 



li2 



unknown, and the memory of which might some day 
have been lived down and overcome? Ah, well! She 
stirred uneasily and pulled herself together again, 
with another quick glance at the clock. The night 
was only just begun, and there was no telling what she 
might yet be called upon to do. 

She pulled the copy paper toward her and began 
again to write. Mechanically the words formed 
under her fingers, N-o d-i-s-g-r-a-c-e. "Pshaw!" — 
she shook her shoulders impatiently and blurred the 
words out. The story was a good one, and it had as- 
sured her position on the paper. Conscience must 
stand from under for awhile. She was getting 
morbid and nervous, and must be more regular about 
her meals. It would n't do to break down now. 

That story was her initiation assured. Already 
she was one of the staff — and one of the boys, too, as 
with a tightening of the lips she recalled an incident 
of that very night. 

Fox, the brilliant "special," clubman and cynic, 
relaxing after dictating his page on the court-room 
scene that day, was lounging up the street as she was 
hurrying down to the office, and had called her into 
a near-by cafe. 

He had ordered champagne to toast her success 
of the morning, but Constance, faint, hungry and 
hurried, had pleaded a headache and gotten off with 
a glass of cold water and a pretzel. 

The traditions of birth and breeding were still 
strong, but the line between comradeship and famil- 
iarity, how hard it was to draw! 

The air of the local room was growing close and 
thick. The call boys tip-toed in and out of Johnson's 
den with copy and proof sheets, and as the door 
opened and sliut after one of them, it let into the room 
a burst of distant laughter and profanity. 

More laughter, this time shrilly-pitched and 
feminine, as Dolly Darden, of the special editions, 
trailing silken draperies over the unkempt floors, 
rustled in and out of the city editor's room and dis- 
appeared down the hall. 

Pencils were flying fast now, and the air was 
growing more oppressive. Constance glanced im- 
patiently at the man at her right, who was blowing 
huge volumes of smoke into the air from an evil- 
smelling pipe. With vest unbuttoned, coat, necktie 
and collar abandoned, he was laboring at his copy 
with smudgy fingers, while his tongue worked in 
sympathetic unison with his pencil. Constance's eyes 
rested on him with increasing disapproval. She 
certainly should have her desk changed tomorrow — 
she could stand that thing no longer. 

The hands of the clock were creeping up to 12 
as Johnson came out of the telephone booth and sur- 
veyed the room with a scowl. He crossed over to 
Constance's desk and stood for a moment looking 
down on her bent head rather dubiously. 

"Can you wind that thing up. Miss Horton?" 
he asked. "I've got something special here, and there 
seems no one to send but you. The men all have their 
hands full tonight" — and he gave another quick, 
searching glance around the room. "I'm sorry to 
have to send you, but it can't be helped." 

Constance was still new enough to the staf? to 
receive an occasional apology. 

"Take a cab up to the Cafe Imperial." Con- 
stance was on her feet now struggling with her coat 

and hat. "It's young ." Here Johnson 

gave a name that sent Constance's heart into her 
throat. "He's gone amuck again. Been on the line 
all day, celebrating the coming into his property. 



He's been under the ban for three years to keep sober, ^£11 
and having won the pot of the old man's millions to- ^ ,^ 
day, he's broken loose again. They've engaged a tug iSiiji 
to go out to the Heads — got that Gaiety gang along. 
He's sworn he'll marry one of the girls before they 
get back. Don't care which one." Johnson was talk- 
ing in quick, jerky sentences, with a catch in his 
breath. 

" Follow them up. Get on board that tug. 

Bribe the captain, and ." Here Johnson dived 

into his trousers pocket and pulled out a roll of bills 
which he shoved into Constance's hands. 

" And get the tug back by" — with another quick 
glance at the clock — " 2 — 2 sharp. I'll hold the 
paper back for you. If you do the thing right, I'll 
star you and make you the talk of the town. 

" Phone me before you start on the tug. 

"It's a corking good story. Work it for all it's 
worth. 

"Now, look sharp, and whatever you do, don't — 
fall — down — on — it." 

Constance was in the cab now, pounding up the 
street. 

Tom — Tom, after all these years of struggling 
against temptation, had fallen again. And on the 
very day of his reward I And she — she who had al- 
ways been the stronger, who had always helped him 
past temptations, who had heartened his failing reso- 
lutions, who had done more than all others to bring 
him safely through his probation — she, of all others, 
was sent to hold his disgrace and failure up to rid- 
icule. Disgrace! There was that word again. 

The horses took it up and beat it out on the 
asphalt: 

"No disgrace — no disgrace — no disgrace!" 

Yes, it was her disgrace or his. She had always 
protected Tom and borne the brunt of his weaknesses. 
Even when they were children, it was said that she 
would have made the better boy. 

"No disgrace — no disgrace — no disgrace!" The 
cab swung into a main street and stopped with a jerk. 

In the brilliantly lighted corridors she brushed 
past hurrying waiters and stopped by instinct before 
one door. Putting aside the protesting man, with 
his murmurs of "private party," she threw it open. 

Perched high on a table, with flaming cheeks and 
flaming eyes, was Tom — an unknown Tom — singing 
a street song in a cracked, high voice, with uncertain 
gestures, while below him a dozen or more of dis- 
heveled women and half-crazed men were beating 
out an accompaniment with hands and feet and craz- 
ily swaying back and forth from each other's arms. 
The litter of empty bottles and broken glasses and the 
remains of a feast were over all. 

Constance gazed at the scene a moment unob- 
served, and then, swift as a young avenging goddess, 
made her way into the midst of it. 

"Tom," she said, "come, Tom, come home with 
me. 

But the sight of her familiar face collapsed Tom 
from his state of exaltation to one of maudlinism. 
"G' home y'r self," he muttered thickly; "n' place f'r 
you. G' home." 

And the crowd, in the mood for sudden quar- 
rels, was pushing her back toward the door. 

But the girl sprang aside, and with the strength 
of her high resolve upon her, stood her ground and 
cowed them with her scornful eyes. In a moment 
she was at Tom's side again, where he had tumbled 
in a huddled heap. 

"Come, Tom," and she had him on his feet. 



*3] 



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It simplifies the preparation of all Spanish Dishes. 

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Our Quick Delivery Service will call for prescriptions and deliver the 
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David M. t let C her Van Nas Ave. and Geary St. 



[H 



"Nanon's sick and needs you. Come home with me." 
Her touch and the sound of her voice seemed to bring 
back some remnant of his manhood. 

He turned and faced his late companions. 
"Let us pass. This lady needs my escort." 
And together the man and the girl passed out 

into the night. 

******* 

But Johnson, the city man, alone in his den, with 
his watch in his hand, swore softly as he counted the 
minutes. 

Elsie Saxe Cheney. 

WHat a Musical Club Can Do 

BY LALLA DALTON THOMAS 
President of the Musical Club of Portland, Oregon 

It was Victor Hugo who prophesied that the 
nineteenth century would be "Woman's Century," 
but even he could not foresee the intrepid zeal with 
which she would enter upon the twentieth century, 
determined not only to hold fast that which she hath, 
but to gain much more. 

It has come to be an axiom that, given a small 
number of women, with steadfastness and unity of 
purpose, a disposition to sacrifice personal aims and 
ambitions for the general good, and a fair amount 
of executive talent — and no result is too great to 
expect. 

Particularly is this true in the life of a musical 
club, that organization so important to the develop- 
ment of a subtle something called "musical atmos- 
phere." In this western land, so far removed from 
the art centers, the club becomes at once an inspira- 
tion and incentive to the workers, and a means of 
education to the public. 

As a case in point, it is with pride and pleasure 
we chronicle the achievements of our musical club, 
which has come to be known as one of the highly 
successful northwest clubs, and one that has most 
perfectly fulfilled its mission. 

From small beginnings many great things grow. 
So it was with this club. At first, organization, 
dues, officers, elections or any other form of red 
tape was not thought of. Half a dozen young 
women, teachers of the piano, were in the habit of 
meeting together in an informal and friendly way for 
the discussion of musical matters in general, and 
methods of teaching, in particular. 

Succeeding years suggesting more ambitious 
forms of work, other teachers were invited to join 
them. Meetings were held semi-monthly at private 
homes, when papers were read, and much good work, 
solo and ensemble, was done. Occasionally, friends 
were invited to its musicales until from a number of 
these came the request to be allowed to join as asso- 
ciate members, contributing toward the expense of 
the meetings in exchange for the privelege of attend- 
ing. Arguments for and against expansion were dis- 
cussed with much seriousness, and finally the plan 
of an associate membership, with the dues thus ob- 
tained to be used as a fund for bringing to Portland 
some of the fine artists known to us only by reputa- 
tion, was adopted. Thus, in five years, the efiforts of 
succeeding Concert Committees have resulted in the 
following recitals: Piano recitals by Madame Fan- 
nie Bloomfield-Zeisler and Emil Sauer; five song 
recitals by Miss Villa Whitney White, four chamber 
music evenings by the Kneisel Quartet, six song reci- 
tals by Anton Schott, six piano recitals by Miss Jo- 



sephine Large, musical letters by Mr. William ^ftij 
Armstrong and Mrs. Rathbone Carpenter, song re- Zy ,^ 
citals by Katharine Bloodgood, the Max Heinrichs, piXft 
Anna Miller Wood, Shannah Cumming and Antoi- 
nette Dolores, an organ recital by Clarence Eddy, vio- 
lin recital by Leonora Jackson, a Wagner evening 
presented by Mr. Damrosch, Madame Gadski and 
Mr. Bispham, besides three chamber music evenings 
each year by our own Hidden-Coursen Quartet, 
which the club brought into being and fostered. 

All of these have helped to open up a new world 
to Portland music-lovers. 

Other work undertaken with enthusiasm and 
carried out with remarkable success has been the 
managing of two summer normal schools in 1897 ^"^ 
1898. For the first of these the club engaged Miss 
Large of Chicago, and for the second, Mr. Calvin B. 
Cady of Boston. The benefit resulting to the entire 
community from these schools, in establishing a 
higher standard of music teaching can hardly be es- 
timated, and the club feels it never did more gratify- 
ing work than this. It also looks back with pleas- 
ure to four free Lenten concerts, for which the First 
Presbyterian Church was each time filled to over- 
flowing with appreciative audiences from among the 
less favored classes. 

In these various enterprises over seven thousand 
dollars have been expended, the committee many 
times assuming serious financial risks, but always 
with happy results, as shown by the fact that the club 
owns two grand pianos, a musical library, and is not 
without money in the treasury. 

The concert field being now professionally and 
worthily filled, the club will retire from that work, 
and next year will assume the financial responsibility 
of our symphony orchestra, thus helping on the good 
cause. 

In all this work the club has had many good 
friends, but to say that all has been smooth sailing, 
that there have been no trials, no disappointments, 
would be to assert what no one, not totally ignorant of 
club work, could possibly believe. But, on the 
v/hole, the growth and improvement of the club has 
been steady and the success has been tempered with 
just enough of criticism or failure to insure a becom- 
ing modesty in those at the helm. 

What our club has done, other clubs can do, and 
for their encouragement we say that the Portland of 
today is a dififerent city, musically, from the Portland 
of six years ago, and some share in this improvement 
may well be attributed to the organization which has 
labored so long and so faithfully with this end in 
view. 

On dit: Miss Mulroney of the Masion Blanc, 
who has just returned from Paris, brought many ex- 
quisite creations in the way of street, calling and 
evening gowns. And, what will create a furor 
among the elite is the calling and evening wraps from 
the famous firms of Beer, Doeuilliet Paquin, Callot, 
Francis, etc. All will be on exhibition about this 
time and bought up very quickly, for we all know 
Miss Mulroney's style and taste is second to none, as 
the Maison Blanc was not slow to know and profit by 
securing Miss Mulroney and her efficient staff for 
that department. 

When one sees a perfect woman one is not con- 
scious of her attributes; one is conscious of her pres- 
ence. 



*5] 



Mrs. Charles W. Rhodes on 

"Wagner and the Bay rent h Festival" 

An Illustnced Stereopticon Lecture 

Musical Illustrations by Mr. Adolf Close of New York, 

CONCERT PIANIST 

Lecturer Biennial C. F.W. C, Los Angeles, May, '02 

Toun the Pacific Coast Sutei under Blanchard & Venter's Management 

For terms, circulars and dates, address 

557 Parrott BIdg., San Francisco, Cal. 316 Blanchard Bldg., Los Angeles, Gal. 

Write Blanchard and Venter for anything in the line ol Concerts and Lectures 



Paul Steindorff 



DIRECTOR 
Of the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra and Tivoli Opera House 

Studio: iyi6 Bush Street 
MISS SUSANNE R. PATCH 

Teacher of Singing ( tamper ti Method) 

MISS NELLIE B. PATCH 

Teacher of Piano 

Residtnce and Studio ; 1^21 Clay Street, near Hyde 

, Graduate and Pupil Teacher of Cooper Union, N. Y. 

Llllte V. O Ryan Miniature Lessons from Life and Print. 

Studied in London, Paris and Holland a • T? D ' 

Outdoor Sketching Throughout the Year ^»»'^ -^ r^»<=" ^'"'ii^ 

The Studios : Room 5, 424 Pine Street, San Francisco 



DO YOU WISH 
TO BECOME 
SELF-SUSTAINING? 

If SO, no occupation offers so attractive a field for an 
intelligent, ambitious young woman as stenography, 
and one so speedily remunerative. 
We give individual instruction, and secure positions 
for graduates. 

Day and Evening Classes 
Copying Done 
Stenographers Furnished 

If interested, call upon or write to the 

Merrill-Miller College 

855 Market Street 

Rooms 40-42, Parrott Building 



Telephone South 880 
Send for Catalogue 



katherine l. miller 

Principal 



J. 8. DODGE CO. 

Stationers and Engravers, 209 Post Street 

Do not confound us with business heretofore carried 
on by the Dodge Stationery Co. under the name 
"Dodge's" at iii Post Street and 113 Grant Ave. 
in this city 





Etiibliihcd i88h 



Phone Black )S66 



Mtiit Office : TokiOf Japan 



O. KAI & CO. *** 

IMPORTERS OF JAPANESE ART GOODS 
316 Kearny Street San Francisco, Cal. 



A new book of verse by our sweet friend and 
authoress Grace Hibbard, entitled "Wild Roses of 
California," will be out shortly for which we antic- 
ipate a large sale. A second edition ojf Mrs. Hib- 
bard's "California Violets" will be issued also. The 
popularity of these exquisite little books is wide- 
spread and to be found on the tables of every home 
of culture. Mrs. Hibbard's verses appeal to lovers 
of our sublime California. 

The first flyer has been issued by the Civic De- 
partment of the C. F. W. C. Dr. Dorothea Moore, 
Chairman, says: 

"It being the desire of the General Federation 
of Women's Clubs that the federated clubs should 
concern themselves with questions relating to ad- 
vanced legislation for women and children, the fol- 
lowing is issued with th.e hope of offering the entire 
field for general discussion among the clubs of 
California." 

Then follow rules on "Civics," "Bibliography" 
and "Suggestions for a Local Consumers' League." 

The sobriquet of "Blue Stocking" or Bas Bleu 
has long been a term of reproach to womankind. It 
is said that it dates back as far as 1400, when a famous 
society of learned men and women existed in Venice. 
Members of this club were distinguished by the color 
of their stockings, which were of a violent blue, and 
the society lasted till 1590, after which a similar one 
became the fashion in Paris. It was not till 1780 that 
the English Bas Bleu Club, including both men and 
women of literary tastes, was started. Here, again, 
the bluest of blue hose were considered "the thing," 
but at a later date the term became degraded, and was 
attached only to women who posed as learned and 
affected to despise womanly characteristics and 
graces. 

Remember that some of the brightest drops in 
the chalice of life may still remain for us in old age. 
The last draught which a kind Providence gives us to 
drink, though near the bottom of the cup, may, as it 
is said of the draught of the Roman of old, have at the 
very bottom, instead of dregs, costly pearls. — Car- 
dinal Newman. 

The late Mr. Stephen Crane, only a few days be- 
fore his death, said to Mr. Barr: "Robert, when you 
come to the hedge that we must all go over it is n't 
bad. You feel sleepy, and you don't care. Just a 
little dreamy curiosity which world you 're really in 
—that 's all." 

Mr. Vincent C. Smith of "Glen Olive/' 
Napa, Cal., says: "A limited quantity only is made 
each year of my olive oil, as 1 am confined to olives 
grown in certain localities in order to preserve my 
reputation for quality. 

"Oil, like wine, is affected by soil and situation. 
One of my agents in San Francisco for the oil, while 
it lasts, is P. Klein, 614 Geary St." 

San Francisco Dlue BooK 

Now being compiled tor the season 1902-1903, contains names, 
addresses and officers of the leading Women's Clubs. Address all 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 



[i6 



"Stanley -Taylor 

and 

"good-printing" 

have 

known 

each 

other 

for 

a 

long 

while 

Theirs 

is 

a 

lasting 

friendship 



MIHRAN'S NEW ART ROOMS 




THE HOME OF PERSIAN RUGS 



THE SHRINE OF ART LOVERS 



Where will be Seen the Genius Creations of 
Persian Artisans 



Grand Opening by Auction 

Week Commencing Wednesday, October i, 1902 

DAILY AT 11 A. M. AND 2 P. M. 



To befittingly inaugurate the opening of our new Art Rooms, 
I have especially brought the most beautiful and unsur- 
passed collection of rare Antique Persian Rugs 
and Art Goods, which will be sold 
at an Unreserved Auction 



M. B. MIHRAN, 265 Post Street, above Grant Avenue 



(goe, 1, Qto. r 



(Uot?etn6ert 1902 



$hOO a 'gear 




fPugfie^eii (tttottt^fg Bg C^^e Cfu6woman'6 ©uif^^ ^<^n -^raitctBCo anb (^famebA C« 



Club Lif 



PUBLISHED 



B Y 



TKe Club-woman's Guild 

1529 California Street J& San Francisco 
Office and Calling Hours : •. lO A. M. to 4^ P. M. 



TELEPHONE 



EAST 



1 O O S 



Contents 



" The Science of Parenthood — What We Don't 

Know About It " — Laura Bride Powers 

C. F. W. C 

The California Branch of the Association of 

Collegiate Alumnae .... 

The California Outdoor Art League 

The Philomath Club .... 

Forum Club ...... 

The National Society of Colonial Dames of 

America in California 
Laurel Hall Club ..... 

The Clionian Club ..... 
Wimodausis Club ..... 

The Papyrus Club . 

The Teachers Club ..... 
Van Ness Seminary .... 

Sketch Club 

Pacific Coast Women's Press Asssociation 
California Club ...... 

Channing Auxiliary . . 

Library Department . . . . . 

Saturday Club . . . . 

Sacramento Clubs 

Kegoayah Kosga Club .... 

" The Evil of the Nickel-in-the-Slot Machine " 

—Mrs. H. C. Bunker .... 
Criterion Club, Alameda . . . ' . 

California International Sunshine . 
California Club ..... 

Mechanics Institute Library 
Mascagni's " Iris " Sung in New York 
Mechanics Pavilion Promenade Concert 
A Short Season of Grand Opera 
Miss Virna Woods' Play .... 
Book Reviews ..... 



I 

2 

3 

4 
4 
4 

4 
4 
4 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
7 



9 

• 9 
II 

ia-14 

IS 

• IS 
IS 

• IS 
IS 

. 16 



Entered July 10, I g O 2 , as S e c n d - c I a i i Matter 
Postoffice at San Francisco, Cal. Jet of Congress of March j, iS^p 






Club Life 



Vol. 1. 



NOVEMBER, 1902 



No. 7. 



TKe Science of ParentKood — WKat We Don't Rno-w About It 

BY LAURA BRIDE POWERS 



The activity of the good people who seek to uplift 
the human family extends today — and rightly — along 
the lines of education ; they hope that by the sane utili- 
zation of schools, libraries and universities to produce in 
the youth good thoughts, high ideals, correct habits — 
in short, good characters. That is the legitimate object 
of right education, — and so far, so good. 

Every intelligent man or woman today readily ad- 
mits the soul-molding influence of the kindergartens, 
those oases of sunshine in the tenement districts, where 
the embryo human animal comes into an atmosphere of 
love, light and cleanliness, and where his animal instincts 
are lovingly curbed and directed, and his spiritual and 
emotional nature developed by the intelligent vigilance 
of a trained teacher. 

Then comes the primary school, where, unfortu- 
nately, the character building so well begun is no longer 
an integral part of the curriculum — there is no time for 
it in the rush and stress of the fundamental studies. 
The little ones are driven on into the grammar grades, 
where the educational engine puts on more steam in the 
eager pursuit of book-lore. 

The grammar school work completed, on they go 
to the high school or technical — if they can afford to — 
and here the pressure slacks up a bit ; at least, enough 
to permit a snatch of time for reflection upon and con- 
sideration of the study of man — his hygiene, his physi- 
ology, and his psychology. Now, here is the formative 
period, the chaotic age lying between childhood and 
maturity, and is the time for such preliminary work, — 
a knowledge of which is more essential to the well-being 
and success of the developing citizen, to the nation, and 
to the nations yet unborn, than any of " ologies " and 
" isms " that engross so much time today. Now has 
come the age when, it seems to me, that co-education 
should cease. The knowledge of sex is full upon the 
girl or boy ; then the intimate knowledge of self — physi- 
cal, mental and moral — should now proceed with the 
study of the other sciences of life that have superseded 
the dead languages in most of our high schools. In the 
strenuous age such as this, it is of life — of throbbing, 
earnest, virile life — we should know most, and we should 
know most of that life which most intimately concerns 
us — the human animal life. Now, what do we teach 
of it? A little physiology and hygiene, it is true; but 
do we get at the vital principles of life ? What do our 
young men and women know of the relation they bear 
to themselves, to each other, or to society? They 
know, unfortunately, what they have picked up in desul- 
tory fashion from unclean and unprofitable sources. 
Ignorance is no longer the badge of innocence, and it 
devolves upon the educators of today to establish proper 
courses of instruction in the last high school year, to be 
supplemented in the universities by a course in "Hygiene 
of Sex" (given in Stanford by Professor Woods some 



four years ago), or "The Reproduction of the Human 
Species," or a hundred other captions that trend along 
the same illimitable fields. Since the struggles of the 
great Darwin with the problems of heredity, evolution, 
etc., the world has come to the conclusion that heredity, 
environment and education shape the human destiny; 
of these, heredity is one of the strongest factors. Now, 
let us briefly consider the intelligent manner in which the 
human race reproduces itself in spite of its accepted 
theories of heredity. The care and intelligence dis- 
played in the breeding of good horses, cattle, dogs, goats, 
cats, and even hogs, so far exceeds the care given the 
reproduction of the human animal that the analogy is 
lost. 

A young man and a young woman are mutually 
attracted ; there are, of course, many bases of attraction, — 
sometimes it is physical beauty, or mental sympathy, or 
an analogy of tastes; sometimes it is something baser, as 
passionate satiety or ambitious desire for gain, social or 
financial. The young people find themselves in love, 
and that settles it. Now, mark the qualities of elegibility 
that are usually canvassed by the relatives and friends — 
enemies as well — of both the young man and woman. 
Has he or she money ? Position ? Family ? (By this 
is usually meant social supremacy or genealogy. Scandal 
or disease cut little figure.) Whether there has been in 
either family insanity, drunkenness, brutality, immorality, 
consumption, epilepsy, blood taints, these are minor 
points that are irrelevant in the verdict for or against. 

The marriage takes place, and in the natural course 
of events the knowledge comes to the young people that 
a small soul is already with them, unseen save by the 
eye of God. Now, what does that marvelous period of 
development of soul and cells mean to the average young 
husband or wife ? Usually little more than aches, grunts, 
dissatisfaction, revolts and tears. There are some who 
do understand, with the fullness of inspiration, that part- 
nership which they and nature have entered into, but 
alas! they are lost in multitudes who do not. 

How often we see a young wife, compelled to re- 
main at home, from her condition, left alone to grieve 
over the calamity that has befallen her, and that has 
deprived her of her husband's society. He has to go to 
the club, to the office, to a sick friend, but she is left 
alone to grieve and think. What goes on in her dis- 
turbed and turbulent mind, more fecund now, perhaps, 
than ever? She is guilty of regret, of depression, and 
even rebellion against the treatment by the man who 
promised to love and cherish her. Perhaps she cries 
herself to sleep, as many a neglected young wife has 
done at such a critical time, and the morning finds her 
nervous, cross, her digestion impaired, and her spirits 
low. This leaves a distinct trace upon the unborn babe, 
and the unhappy conditions continued, leave their indeli- 
ble marks upon it. And if anger and hatred inject their 



i] 



i6 




Itlexico 



THE OLD 



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Dec. 10, 1902 

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c. r. w. c, 

Santa Ana was a scene of activity last month during 
the first convention held there of the Women's clubs of 
the San Diego District. 

Two-minute reports of club presidents were given 
as follows: 

Colton — Woman's Club - - Mrs. E. D. Roberts 
Highland — Pleasant Hour - Mrs. Annie La FoUette 
La Jolla — Woman's Club - Miss E. B. Scripps 

National City — Mother's Club Mrs. Celia B. Slocum 
Ontario — Current Events 
Ontario — Friday Afternoon Club 
Redlands — Contemporary Club 
Riverside — Socorro Club 



M 



rs. 



A. T. Hamilton 

- Mrs. J. Taylor 

Mrs. J. H. Williams 

Mrs. A. N. Wheelock 



Riverside — Woman's Club - - Mrs. John Meharg 
Riverside — Extemporaneous Drill Club 

Mrs. L. F. Darling 
San Bernardino — Woman's Club - Mrs. C. C. Wray 
San Diego — San Diego Club - - - Mrs. F. T. Fish 
San Diego — Shakespeare Club - Mrs. Ella E. Beebe 
San Diego — Sherman Heights Mothers' Club 

Mrs. Elizabeth Hubbies 
San Diego — Wednesday Club - Mrs. Iver N. Lawson 
San Jacinto — Travelers' Club - Mrs. Mary S. Fowler 
Santa Ana — EbcU Society - Mrs. Victor Montgomery 
Santa Ana — Woman's Club - - Mrs. L. H. Mills 
This convention will long be remembered by all 
who had the pleasure of attending. The meetings were 
most harmonious and satisfactory in every particular, and 
much good will undoubtedly be the outcome. The 
success of the convention was largely due to the tact of 
the presiding officer, Mrs. L. F. Darling, ably assisted 
by the untiring efforts of the local board, with Mrs. 
Victor Montgomery as chairman. 



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poisonous fumes into the wee wife's mind, all these 
things affect the growth and development of the cells of 
the unborn babe. The mother's digestion is impaired 
by her disturbed nervous state ; that condition affects 
the nutrition of the child. And so are impressions made 
upon the embryotic human being — pre-natal impressions 
upon its mental and moral as well as upon its physical 
development. 

Were a better understanding of the science of parent- 
hood given to men and women, we could hope for the 
effacement of much of the brutal instincts and the sins 
and diseases that debase human society. 

Let us have some intelligent teaching upon the re- 
production of the human species and the science of life, 
and we will need fewer jails, hospitals, insane asylums 
and homes for feeble-minded, and the colossal fortunes 
bequeathed by philanthropists for higher education and 
for libraries will have better material to work upon. 

The California Branch of the A.ssociation 
of Collegiate Alumnae 

The California Branch of the Association of Colle- 
giate Alumnae, with the impetus of its 140 new members, 
has begun a new period of its history, one in which ag- 
gressive progress will mingle with the well-balanced 
conservatism of the past. The Alumnae, composed, as 
it is here, of the women graduates of fourteen leading 
universities, has always been distinguished by the high 
scholarship of its members, and a spirit of much serious 
endeavor in educational research and reform. It has 
worked quietly and unostentatiously with the love of 
thoroughness, accuracy and logic characteristic of the 
training of its members. It has always striven to be 
sure of the grounds of action before acting at all. Some 
of the first women to graduate from the coeducational 
universities have been identified with the California 
branch since its infancy, and have never ceased to give it 
its unique tone of effort along the highest lines of intel- 
lectual endeavor. The great momentum of their aspira- 
tion and work has been felt by a whole generation of 
college women. 

To the foundation they have so nobly laid is now 
being added much new life. The watchword of the new 
administration is: "Life." There is no point in the 
progress of women, either intellectually and individually, 
or socially and altruistically, with which the Alumnae 
does not wish to be in touch. There are 272 members 
to undertake this work, and they are nicely distributed 
to represent the different universities of the country. 
One hundred and forty-eight are from the University of 
California, 82 from Stanford, 8 from Wellesley, 6 from 
Vassar, 6 from Ann Arbor, 3 from Cornell, 2 from Smith, 
and I from each of the following: Boston, Bryn Mawr, 
Minnesota, Nebraska, Ohio, Wisconsin and Nova Scotia. 

The recently elected officers are : Mrs. Frederick 
Burk, Wellesley, president; Miss E. B. McFadden, 
Stanford, vice-president; Miss Anna G. Duffy, Cali- 
fornia, corresponding secretary ; Miss Marian Adams, 
Stanford, recording secretary ; Miss Grace Sutton, Cali- 
fornia, treasurer ; Board of Directors, Mrs. Charles Bake- 
well, Bryn Mawr, Miss Mabel Craft, California, Miss 
Bertha Knox, California, and Miss Katharine Chandler, 
Stanford. 

Miss Katharine Chandler of Stanford, one of the 
most enthusiastic workers of the association, will represent 
the California Branch at the General Association which 
meets in Washington, D. C, on the 7th of November. 

The association meets eight times a year in Sorosis 
Hall, seven of the meetings being devoted to a luncheon, 
business meeting and tea, and one a year to a reception to 
the graduating classes of Berkeley and Stanford. 



In addition to the regular committees on printing, 
prcsswork, teas, luncheons, etc., there are no less than 
twenty committees active along many lines of educational 
and social progress. This seems an ambitious program, 
but when it is remembered that every member of the 
Alumnae is on some committee, and many are on more 
than one, and that the association is composed of women 
who are in the habit of tossing off eight or ten hours of 
strenuous intellectual labor a day, the program does not 
seem too ambitious, and it does not take an optimist to 
prophesy that the accomplishment will not run short of 
the attempt. 

Some of the more important committees are : One 
to act in conjunction with the Consumers' League and 
one to investigate the movement against the League ; to 
investigate education in charitable institutions; to inves- 
tigate the school extension movement, providing for 
some use of the public schoolhouses between the hours 
of three and nine ; to investigate the conditions govern- 
ing the various occupations now open to women ; to 
investigate the methods of teaching reading, history and 
literature in the public schools ; to help the college set- 
tlement in its work; to affiliate with the California His- 
toric Landmarks League ; to assist the traveling libraries 
organization ; to investigate school sanitation ; to urge 
the members to try for Eastern and foreign fellowships ; 
to keep in touch with educational news ; and to display 
the work of any of the members who have succeeded in 
literature, art or science. 

There is also a committee working to secure a per- 
manent home for the Alumnae, and another one to secure 
a tea room, a provisional meeting-place pending the selec- 
tion of a home. 

Most important of all, the California Branch of the 
Association of Collegiate Alumnas are banded together 
by the close ties of college life and college ideals, and 
find in the reunions of the association a comradeship and 
friendship peculiar in its kind and stronger than the 
enthusiasms born after commencement day. 



^ ^ptci<x( :geafure of our C^tf; 
bren'6 dnb (^teecB' ©eyartmentB 

We are now showing a new and com- 
plete line of 

(^nnapofi0 anb 
(Regufa^ion ^uih 

For g^rls and misses from 4 to 16 years of age. 

Made of navy blue and white serge. 

Nobby styles of two-piece blouse and sailor 

suits. 

Reefers, three-quarter and full-length cloaks. 

Regulation hats to match. 




918^922 (QUrftet ^(xtd 

^an Srancisco 



^] 



£ TKe California Outdoor Art League 

r The California Outdoor Art League has just issued 

an eight page folder containing contributions by prom- 
inent citizens which are inspiring in their enthusiasm for 
the making of the City Beautiful. 

A consignment of fifty camphor trees from the 
U. S. Agricultural Department to the Honorable Eugene 
F. Loud has been placed, by the advice of Super- 
intendent Webster, with the Outdoor Art League. Mr. 
McLaren will care for the trees until they are planted 
in the school yards. 

Among other schemes for improvement the plant- 
ing of the west side of Yerba Buena Island is now sug- 
gested. With the fine naval station on the east side 
the care of trees and shrubs planted by the govern- 
ment would be assured. The more appropriate name 
"Marshall Square" is proposed in lieu of City Hall 
Square, which gives no suggestion of the historic monu- 
ment located there. 

The first of the course of monthly lectures under the 
auspices of the league was given Monday afternoon, 
October 27th, in the auditorium of the Mechanics Insti- 
tute by Mr. Fairfax H. Wheelan. The subject was 
"The City's Need for Nature." 

Ella C. B. Fassett, 
Press Correspondent Cal. Outdoor Art League. 

The Philomath Club 

The Philomath Club held a regular meeting Mon- 
day, September twenty-seventh. The afternoon was called 
"Vacation Experiences" and only club talent participated 
in the program, which proved interesting and enjoyable. 
Mrs. A. L. Lengfeld and Mrs. Julius Kahn told their 
experiences in a delightful manner. Mrs. Lengfeld's 
"New York Picnic" was a bright, sketchy description of 
an intended visit to West Point, converted accidentally 
into "A Chinese Mission Picnic" through a mistake in 
boarding the wrong steamboat. 

Mrs. Kahn's Manila experiences met with so much 
approval that the members were sorry that the late hour 
compelled the talk to be brought to a close. An inter- 
view with Aguinaldo and one with General Funston 
were touched upon, besides a charming glimpse of Ma- 
nila life. 

Mrs. Herman Heyneman and Miss Mabel Baum 
read commendable and enjoyable papers. The former's 
"Visit to Mount Vernon" was vivid and picturesque and 
the latter's "A Stop-over Privilege in New Orleans," 
overflowed with pictures of life peculiar to that southern 
city. 

The last regular meeting of the club was held Mon- 
day, October thirteenth. Mrs. I. Lowenberg gra- 
ciously introduced and welcomed Professor C. T. 
Duniway, of Stanford University, who delivered a 
lecture entitled "Higher Education in Germany, France 
and the United States." Professor Duniway illus- 
trated many points in his talk from personal experiences, 
as he recently returned from abroad after a year's vaca- 
tion. Mrs. R. Abel, Cor. Secretary. 

Forum Club 

An illustrated talk on "Indian Baskets" was given 
before the Forum Club October 1 5th by Mrs. F. F. 
F'redericks, and with many fine specimen to explain 
the difl^erent weaves, it proved of more than usual inter- 
est to all present. Mrs. Sparrow interspersed the talk 
by singing quaint Indian songs. 

The National Society of Colonial Dames 
of America in California 

The annual meeting of this society took place Oc- 
tober 15th, at the home of Mrs. William Penn Hum- 



phreys, N. E. cor. Hyde and Chestnut Streets, where 
a charming hospitality was enjoyed. 

The guests of honor were: Mrs. James Sydney 
Peck of Wisconsin, Mrs. Coolidge and Mrs. Howell of 
the Presidio and Mrs. Bispham of Paris. 

The following officers were re-elected for the ensu- 
ing year: Mrs. Selden S. Wright, president; Mrs. 
Charles Hedges, Mrs. George W. Gibbs, vice-presi- 
dents. Board of Managers — Mrs. George E. Whitney, 
Mrs. J. Goddard Clark, Mrs. William C. Peyton, Miss 
Marie Voorhies, Mrs. S. W. HoUaday, Mrs. C. Elwood 
Brown, Mrs. T. Z. Blakeman, Mrs. Edwin W. New- 
hall, Mrs. Louis Aldrich, Miss Elizabeth N. Jones, Mrs. 
George A. Crux. 

Laurel Hall Club 

The meeting held on October first, and presided 
over by the President, Mrs. Thomas W. Collins, was 
under the auspices of the Mythological Section — Mrs. 
Thayer being the leader. Ovid's "Account of Crea- 
tion" with "Selections from the Classics" constituted the 
program. 

The second meeting of the month was held Octo- 
ber fifteenth, and the program was as follows : 

Parliamentary Drill - Mrs. I. Lowenberg 

Historical Query Box - Madame Tojetti 

Vocal Solo - - Miss Anna Obermiller 

Paper — "The Evil of the Nickel-in-the-Slot 

Machine" - Mrs. H. C. Bunker 

Piano Solo — Selected - Miss Ella Hess 

Much interest is being manifested in the work of 

the three sections of the club. 

The French section, under the able leadership of 
Mrs. John Martinon, meets at the residence of Mrs. 
Collins the second and fourth Tuesdays of the month, 
and is making good progress. The Mythological sec- 
tion meets at the residence of the leader, Mrs. O. V. 
Thayer, on the second and fourth Wednesdays, devoting 
the time to the study of Greek and Roman Mythology 
in connection with the Bible and Ancient History. 

The Civic Section meets on club days — first and 
third Wednesdays — and at the present time is engaged 
in the work of assisting the "Movement for the Devel- 
opment of Northern and Central California." 

The Clionian Club 

The Clionian Club began the study of "Japan" Sep- 
tember, 1902, and will finish their work in May, 1903, 
meeting the second and fourth Tuesdays of each month. 
During this time, three months (September, December 
and March) have five Tuesdays, and these three extra 
days were set apart for miscellaneous meetings. 

The first was held on September 30th at the home of 
Mrs. J. H. Robertson, 3426 Clay Street. Each member 
was allowed to bring a friend, and Mrs. H. H. Fassett 
was appointed leader for the day. 

Mrs. Fassett spoke on "Japanese Art," after which 
she read a very charming essay written by a Japanese 
lady. A number of Japanese prints were passed round 
for the ladies to admire, while Mrs. Fassett explained 
the story or legend of each one. She then intro- 
duced Mr. Adachi, a very cultured Japanese gentleman, 
who talked of Japanese painting, interspersing his talk 
with many interesting anecdotes. Light refreshments 
were served, consisting of tea and Japanese confections, 
errari, sato machi (sweetened rice cakes), and semi 
(wafers). These were served in Japanese bowls and 
passed on Japanese travs. 

Throughout the afternoon incense wafted its odor- 
ous perfume in the hall and a large Japanese lamp burned 
steadily in the dining-room. Just inside the front door 



[4 



a Japanese bell hung, announcing right merrily the ar- 
rival of each guest with a pleasant tinkle. 

A very enjoyable and delightful afternoon was spent 
by the club members and their friends. 

Mrs. E. G. Eisen, Corresponding Sec. 

The Chonian Club Year Book for the current study 
of " Japan," just issued, is formed in regular Japanese 
fashion — very attractive — limp Japanese paper and design. 

Wimodausis Club 

The club has again entered upon its work for the 

y^^""- . . . ^ 

This year rather an innovation in the program has 
been adopted. Each member has one meeting of the 
year assigned to her charge, with another member as an 
assistant. 

The leader has the privilege of inviting outside tal- 
ent, if she so desires, to augment but not supplant her 
individual work. It is for these members to decide upon 
the subject of the morning, the manner in which it shall 
be handled, etc. 

The others of the club attend the meetings with a 
feeling of pleasant anticipation — sure of an agreeable 
surprise and an enjoyable hour. 

The topics of the mornings already given have 
been, — "The Condition of the Filipinos under the 
Friars," by Mrs. J. B. Fuller; "Mexico," by Mrs. F. B. 
Carpenter ; "History and Legends of the Early Cali- 
fornia Missions," by Mrs. J. F. Schemp. 

Mrs. Wm. C. Dennison, Sec'y- 

TKe Papyrus Club 

"The Papyrus Club" held its first musical jinks 
on October 9th, in its new home, "Utopia Hall," Cen- 
tral Block, and a most delightful affair it was — one not 
to be forgotten. Mrs. C. M. Kinne, the president, 
being absent in the East, Mrs. W. P. Buckingham acted 
in her stead, and spoke of the ultimate aims and pur- 
poses of the club, which will be so enlarged as to em- 
brace the women artists and musicians of the city. "We 
hope to have this a Bohemian Club of the highest order, 
where the members will stand for and mean something, 
whilst the Papyrus is only a baby, for it first saw the 
light last March, and has only had five meetings. It 
intends to bring to the surface — regardless of anything 
else — wit and intellect." Story-telling is rapidly becom- 
ing an art in this club, and to note the gesture and 
facial expression of the dialect story-teller is a study as 
well as a joy, and would put to shame many a profes- 
sional. And if those who think women have no sense 
of humor could look in upon the members of the Papy- 
rus Club, whilst they are vieing with each other in original 
wit and humor, they would perceptibly change their 
views. It is all the more interesting that most of these 
lovers of wit are their own authors. The next meeting 
will be held November 13th, when the president, Mrs. 
Kinne, will occupy the chair. 

The University Mound Club reports regularly, 
and their daily work is aiding one another over the hard 
places in daily life. These members are inmates of the 
Old Ladies' Home. Their dues were paid last month 
by sending a most generous contribution to the Alden 
Club Bag Sale. 

The TeacKers Club 

The San Francisco Teachers Club have their rooms 
in the Supreme Court Building, corner McAllister and 
Larkin Streets. Regular monthly meetings (social) are 
held on the second Monday evening of the month. On 
other evenings the best talent available is retained, and 
lectures on literary and scientific subjects are presented 
to the membership for discussion. Mr. John Henry 



Gish is now giving one of a course on "Browning," and /^ 

Hon. Mr. Knowland, President of the Historical Land- ^ 

marks League, is about to begin a course on "The Early js 
History of the Missions of our State," 

"Van Ness Seminary 

The Van Ness Seminary Club will give a tea at the 
residence of Mrs. Clark J. Burnham, 1 1 1 i Devisadero 
Street, Tuesday, the 4th of November. 

SKetch Club 

The "Talks" given on every Friday ot each month 
at 2:30 p. M. by the Sketch Club, will have "Navajo 
Blankets," as the subject for November. 

PaciHc Coast Women's Press A.ssociation 

An enjoyable hour or two was spent at the Press 
Club's entertainment the other evening — meeting old 
time friends and listening to the excellent program 
given. 

Professor Martinez played ballade from "Flying 
Dutchman," Wagner-Lizst, and created intense enthu- 
siasm by his marvelous execution. As an encore, he 
gave "Return of Spring," which received equal com- 
mendation. Miss Jennie M. Long recited a poem of 
Ina D. Coolbrith on "The Birth of California," which 
required all the gifts of her profession to do justice to 
the varied theme. An overwhelming encore brought 
back the artist, and to show the versatility of her talent, 
she impersonated a country lout in manner and lingo 
to perfection. 

Madame Guido Spitzy gave artistically Gounod's 
" In spirez-moi " (La Rene de Saba), showing rare 
culture of a grand voice. 

Miss Millie Flynn, of Trinity Episcopal Choir, 
sang "Delight," the birdlike notes and charming rendi- 
tion of her theme winning much applause. 

The receiving ladies — many of them charter mem- 
bers — were elegantly gowned and made a striking appear- 
ance as one entered the welcome open door. 

California Club 

A charming function is planned by the Art Section 
of the California Club for Saturday afternoon, November 
8th. Mrs. H. H. Fassett, the energetic head of the 
Art Section, is to be congratulated on her original form 
of amusement. 

It is to be an oriental afternoon. Dr. Yamai Kin 
will produce a Chinese farce, translated by herself, enti- 
tled "The Widow Chang." 

The club rooms will be decorated with Chinese 
embroideries by a committee of women artists. Tea 
and oriental confections will be served in Chinese style. 

Channing Auxiliary 

Following the course of Greek lectures, the Chan- 
ning Auxiliary will give "Parsifal" in three recitals by 
Miss A. K. Wilson, November 7th, 14th and iist. 
Course tickets one dollar, to be had at the door same 
time as concert. 

Miss Wilson's recitals of "Parsifal'' will be after 
the manner of those given by Mr. Walter Damrosch 
and will be no less attractive. "Parsifal" has never 
been given here as Mr. Damrosch gave other parts of 
the "Ring." The study of this music-drama has be- 
come a part of the culture of the time for musicians 
and laymen alike. 

A Seeress. Pierce the veil of the future and have 
your future read, 714 Leavenworth (nr. Sutter), S. F. 

It has been said that to be perfectly happy we 
must have something to do, something to love, and 
something to hope for. 



5] 



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[6 




.uui.>%\ta,\A^''*uii*%v 




Library correspondence may be addressed, respectively, to the following named persons, who 
are Vice-Chairmen of Libraries and Portfolios. 

Northern District — Mrs. Marion M. Oliver, Paradise, Butte County. 

Alameda District — Mrs. C. B. Breck, I 531 Arch Street, Berkeley. 

Los Angeles District — Mrs. D. B. Sessions, 1421 South Hill Street, Los Angeles. 

San Joaquin District — Mrs. O. C. Conley, Bakersfield. 

San Diego District — Mrs. S. C. Evans, Jr., Orange Street, Riverside. 

State Chairman and ex officio Vice-Chairman San Francisco District — Miss Susanne R. Patch, 
I 521 Clay Street, San Francisco. 

As one lamp lights another, nor grows less. 
So nobleness enkindletb nobleness. 

— Lowell. 



Women's Glubs and Libraries 

Strong reciprocal relations should always exist be- 
tween women's clubs and all public libraries, save the 
larger ones which need no help. Both of these institu- 
tions stand for education. The library invites the entire 
community to its treasures of recreation and instruction: 
the club — of the average type — represents constant 
striving for higher thought and purpose by a limited 
number of persons, but who irresistibly diffuse intel- 
ligence and refinement, even as the sunlight warms 
and beautifies the plant beyond its direct rays. 

What can women's clubs do for a library? Look- 
ing to the East for a response we note that in many 
States these clubs take the lead in establishing libraries; 
they raise money for the purchase of sites and comple- 
tion of buildings; give entertainments for the buying of 
books; circulate subscription papers for the enlargement 
of departments in history, literature, art and the drama; 
contribute books of their own; send out traveling libraries; 
provide lectures on library subjects; petition city author- 
ities for larger appropriations and also for representation 
on library boards; promote advanced library legislation, 
and, finally, by their constant friendly care so exalt the 
general estimate of libraries that many wills are drawn 
with a public library as one of the beneficiaries. 

Are California clubs able to do these things? 
"And power to him who power exerts." 

What can libraries do for women's clubs? No de- 
scription is needed of the noiseless but enriching influ- 
ences which a good library will return in recompense for 
such labors. A perpetual blessing awaits every commu- 
nity which maintains one. 

From the Alameda District 

It is most encouraging to read in the last issue of 
Club Life the various items concerning libraries. That 
the extension movement appeals to every one is shown 
by the immediate response of those clubs to whom the 
matter is presented. For the thought that there are 
people in our State (thousands and thousands of them, 
too,) who have nothing to read save the pernicious stuff 
that, like weeds, will take the ground unoccupied by 
better things, shocks the minds of cultured folk almost 
as much as would a tale of physical want. 

Alameda County was not represented in the Sep- 
tember report, but it is no whit behind in this as in other 
good works. The Cricket Club of Berkeley has just 
sent an excellent case of seventy-five volumes to a little 



country town, where " many of the books will find their 
way into farmhouses and log cabins as far as ten and 
twelve miles back into the mountains." 

The Oakland Club has a traveling library well 
under way for the field, and the end is not yet. 

The Adelphian of Alameda took up the subject 
with the utmost enthusiasm, and promises " one to begin 
with." It is a large and earnest club, and there is no 
doubt but it will acquit itself worthily in this excellent 
work. 

Quite a touching instance of quick sympathy elicited 
comes from the Criterion Club of Alameda, which has a 
library under advisement with little doubt of successful 
issue. One of the members of this club has a dozen 
little girls, whom she is wisely training to a consideration 
of the great questions which lie so near women's hearts. 
When these children were told of the numberless little 
folks in out-of-the-way places with no books at all, and 
no means of procuring any, they brought all their most 
cherished treasures of fairy-tale and story-book for a 
child's library. Truly, of such is the Kingdom of 
Heaven. 

The Alameda District, however, is well aware that 
promising as is this beginning, it is only a beginning, for 
there are at least twelve incorporated cities in the six 
counties which belong to us without the free public 
library which each ought to have. And it is our ambi- 
tion to stir them up to their rights and obligations in 
providing suitable reading-rooms and good books for 
their citizens that they may take the matter earnestly in 
hand. Henrietta I. Breck. 

In our editorial rambles this month we have visited 
Ukiah, where the question of establishing a free library 
is being considered ; Healdsburg, whose library for the 
first time is to receive an annual income of $1,000; 
Salinas, in which some of the residents believe that they 
may, if they will, be as fortunate as some of their neigh- 
bors in owning a library ; and, lastly, in Santa Barbara, 
long possessing a library of superior selection. A fund 
of over $7,000, given at various times, is in the city 
treasury available for enlargement of their library build- 
ing, now greatly needed. What a splendid opportunity 
this affords the Women's Club of Santa Barbara to carry 
this work along to a successful issue ! 

Andrew Lang has finished the second volume of 
his "History of Scotland," and it is to be published 
before the end of the year. 



7] 







Saturday Club 

The season of this club opened auspiciously Octo- 
ber nth, with a long recital by Mrs. M. E. Blanchard 
of San Francisco, with Mr. Maurer as accompanist. 
Mrs. Blanchard charmed the brilliant audience gathered 
together to hear her, by giving an excellent program. 

Among the noted out-of-town people who attended 
were: 

Mrs. L. M. Schwan, New York; Mrs. H. E- 
Mack, Philadelphia, Pa.; Mrs. C. A. Northing, Lynn, 
Mass.; Miss Cottrell, Lansing, Mich.; Mrs. C. Beard, 
Omaha; Miss Hancock, Oakland; Mrs. G. B. Champ- 
lin, Tehama; Miss M. Z. Kelley, Courtland; Miss 
Sadie Fall, Ceres, Cal.; Mrs. E. Y. Morten, Colusa; 
Mrs. L. Webb, Fallon, Nevada; Mrs. A. De Lory, 
Coloma; Miss Edna McKee, Elk Grove; Mrs. L. V. 
Graham, Wash.; Miss Edna Harper, Hoquaim, Wash.; 
Mrs. G. H. Swingle, Miss M. E. Bullard, Miss G. 
Brown, Davisville; Mrs. J. Ford-Achin, Modoc 
County; Mrs. Thomas McConnell, McConnell's Station; 
Mrs. J. Kenney, Folsom; Miss Veda Hatfield, Oak- 
land; Miss Grace Langley, Florin; Miss C. Grass, Mrs. 
Sanborn, Dr. Blanche Van Heusen, Mrs. W. B. Mayd- 
well, Mrs. F. W. Groth, Mrs. A. L. Hart, Mrs. Nan- 
nie Hart, Mrs. W. J. Biggar, Jr., San Francisco. 

The Tuesday Club heralded its opening — not with 
a fanfare of trumpets — but something very similar, and 
in right good hospitable style. The Shakespeare Club 
of Woodland and the Fair Oaks Reading Club were 
their honored guests for the occasion, and a recherche 
luncheon was given at the Golden Eagle. The Tuesday 
Club ladies who acted as hostesses for the club were 
Mrs. F. A. Edinger, Mrs. E. P. Colgan, Mrs. William 
Beckman, Mrs. H. Weinstock, Mrs. A. J. Johnson. 

The table appointments were superb, and with the 
elegant costumes of the ladies, a charming air of bright- 
ness was given to the whole scene. 

The reception was held in Liberty Hall, in the 
Forester's Building, and was a brilliant affair in every 
way, thronged with the elite of Sacramento, special 
guests, and others from the surrounding country. 

Besides the ladies in charge of the year's work, pre- 
sided over by Mrs. F. A. Edinger, a number of others 
assisted them — Mrs. William Beckman, Mrs. H. E. 
Wright, Mrs. R. T. Devlin, Mrs. William Govan, 
Mrs. Theo. Deming, Mrs. T. J. Kirk, Mrs. W. O. 
Coleman, Mrs. E. R. Hamilton, Mrs. E. C. Hart, 
Mrs. E. P. Colgan, Mrs. Albert Elkus, Miss Bertha 
Grau, Miss Laura Cooper, Miss Mary Kleinsorge, Miss 
Pauline Meister, Miss Belle Johnston, Miss Louise 
Drescher, Miss Evelyn McKee, Miss Amy Greenlaw. 
Truly, this enthusiastic assembly is but the foreshadow- 
ing of the energetic work to follow. Their first lecture 
is down for the list, when Rev. Charles Miel will tell 
of the "Indians of the Pacific Coast." 

Sacramento Clubs 

TKe Ladies* Museum Association held its 
first meeting this season, Thursday, Oct. 30th. At the 
opening of the Art School the ladies will place another 
scholarship — the thirty-fourth since its organization, 
fourteen years ago. 

THe Ladies' Cbora' gave its first concert for 
this season Friday evening, Oct. 17th. The ladies were 
assisted by the male auxiliary chorus, the entire program 



B. Godard. 
C. W. Krogmann. 
P. Tschaikowsky. 
Sinding. 



being under the charge of Mrs. Frances Moeller, the so- 
ciety's musical director. 

Of the three choruses sung by the choral, Gounod's 
"Nazareth" was the best. 

The most novel feature of the program was the 
singing of Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" by a chorus 
of mixed voices. 

THe H.in^sley A.rt Club reopens the first 
Monday in November. Mrs. Kate Bulkley, who will be 
in Sacramento at the same time, will address the meeting. 

THe Junior Saturday Club held its first 
meeting Saturday, Oct. i8th, in Kohler & Chase's 
Music Hall. 
The following program was given by its members: 

I. "Life of Chopin" 

Grace Foizey. 
"Waltz C Minor" - - - Chopin, 

Leslie Genung. 
"Second Mazurka" 

Mila Landers. 
"Zaida" - 

Gesina Schaden. 
"June" 

Hulda Engstrom. 
"Rustle of Spring" 

Emma Neuman. 

"Barcarole" - - - - B. Grodzki. 

Estelle Bunis. 

Madame Fanny Bloomfield-Zeisler, who has just 

had the honor of being elected an honorary member 

of the Saturday Club, wrote her warmest thanks and 

greetings. 

The Saturday Club will have the pleasure of hear- 
ing Zelie de Lussan some time in February. Mile, de 
Lussan was heard here several years ago as "Carmen" 
with the Tavery Company. 

HegoayaK K.osga Club 

Nome, Alaska, Sept. 9, 1902. 
Secretary Clubwoman's Guild, 

San Francisco, California. 

So kind of you to tuck in that word of greeting. 
I had received the numbers of Club Life on an earlier 
boat. 

Am delighted to give you news of this "fartherest 
north" woman's club. This spring Mrs. Josephine 
Scroggs returned to Nome fresh from the meeting of 
the Woman's Federation, so pleased with all that she 
had heard that she set about forming a woman's club in 
Nome. I need not tell what a lot of work she did, 
suffice it, that on June 25, 1902, we organized the 
Kegoayah Kosga (Aurora Club), with a membership of 
twenty-seven on our Charter, and Mrs. Scroggs was made 
a delegate-at-large to organize other clubs in Alaska; but 
ill health has made it necessary for her to go outside 
for the winter; we shall always consider her our foster 
mother and any good we accomplish must redound to 
her credit. 

We have devoted the summer to the study of 
Alaska; the winter work we intend dividing into sec- 
tions, music, literature, current topics, etc., and will lay 
out our work at the first meeting in October, after 
the last boats leave and we have mustered our forces and 
counted our strength. 

Think of us, this most northern woman's club, shut 
in for eight long months by the ice, wondering what 
you of the big outside world are doing and all the time 
prying away with our little lever industriously. With 
thanks for your good wishes, I am. 

Sincerely yours, 

Josephine M. Todman. 



[8 



The Evil of the NicKel-in-the-Slot 
Machine 

Considering the statement that a sense of duty is 

Lde foundation of real education and the basis of success, 

Ind whatever has been achieved of real importance in 

bis world has been based upon a sense of duty, then 

our duty" will be the key-note in considering this per- 

icious evil, — "The Nickel in the Slot Machine." 

But before we attempt to cast out this mote from 
le pablic eye, we will reflect a little for fear the beam of 
jlfishness is in our own eye. 

We do not favor this injurious element, but we 
elp to maintain it unless we endeavor to induce others 
3 aid us in a vigorous protest against this nuisance. 

When anything becomes intolerable, a remedy is 
ought and had. Is it not a crime to permit "The 
Jickel in the Slot Machine" in our city, with all it 
light lead to ? With great earnestness and with con- 
nuous agitation we should endeavor to remove this 
;mptation from our clean and beautiful city. 

To my mind the first essential would be, not to 
atronize stores that have these machines on their coun- 
;rs. Another extremely important essential is to im- 
ress forcibly on the minds of children, the consequences 
f this evil, gambling. Every "Nickel in the Slot Ma- 
hine" teaches the rudiments of gambling. If children 
Dmprehend that money that changes hands without 
alue received being given, is harmful, whether one 
ains or loses, it is hurtful. If these facts are well in- 
rained, then their sense of duty will rightly guide them, 
)r every child is really formed in character and morals 
y the influence of its parents. 

A well known lawyer and supervisor said recently. 
Gambling takes away the honesty and integrity of a 
lan; and what kind of a citizen is that man, whose char- 
:ter is gone?" A chief of police tells us that there are 
lore arrests for gambling than for any other cause, and 
ambling fosters crime. It is well known that children 
ave resorted to theft in order to get money to play 
The Nickel in the Slot Machine." We have only to 
atch the excited children around these machines any 
our of the day, eagerly dropping their nickels, to be as- 
ired how deep rooted this injurious evil has become, 
tid of the tremendous influence of "The Nickel in the 
lot Machine" throughout this city. 

Thousands of these machines are being manufac- 
ired daily for places where a "Harvest of Nickels" is 
ssured, for these machines are made for profit. In 
i^ery chance of winning there are one hundred chances 
f losing. Is it worth the cost, the money that is used 
1 this detrimental way? The world calls common 
;nse, wisdom. There is no known trait of such ines- 
mable value. If we possess it, we are always master of 
le situation, can meet any emergency with great energy 
ad never lose a battle. "Candidly there is no defeat 
ive from within, and unless we are beaten there, we are 
ound to win." We earnestly desire to abolish "The 
Jickel in the Slot Machine." Trite is the saying that 
When a woman won't, she won't, and when she will, 
lie will." We must exemplify the truth of both these 
lyings. We certainly have the will, we must find the 
ay. Strenuous work will be absolutely necessary in 
lis matter. At times all people are indiff^erent, but if 
leir attention is once aroused and directed to an evil, 
lere is not the slightest doubt, that they will not only 
sten to any reasonable appeal, but will use their utmost 
ff^ort to abolish this evil. 

The Governor of California, Mayor Schmitz, the 
>oard of Supervisors, the Board of Education, the min- 
;ters, principals and teachers of schools can aid very 
laterially in this matter. 



It is most earnestly to be hoped that we can reach 
the attention of all the people. 

Women with home duties, with social and club 
duties have time to give thought to this public vice as 
well as the men. The women of today are not afraid to 
undertake anything that means growth, knowledge and 
happiness. They must rise en masse and protest 
against this ruinous evil, and protest "without delay," 
not "by and by" or "when in the mood." "Without 
delay" is a vital necessity of success. 

"To win the good and overcome the ill. 
Requires but purpose reinforced by will." 

Cicero says: "There is not a moment without some 
duty." This is the question before us: What is our 
duty toward "The Nickel in the Slot Machine?" There 
cannot be two answers to that one question. 

Mrs. H. C. Bunker. 

The dinner given recently at the Hacienda del Pozi 
del Verona by Mrs. Hearst, in honor of Dr. Reisner to 
scientists and friends interested in the work of the famous 
Egyptologist, who has been conducting explorations on 
behalf of the University of California, was an entertain- 
ment designed and executed with exceptional success. 
To transform the patio of the Hacienda to the court of 
an ancient Egyptian house was an undertaking requir- 
ing not only conformity with whatever is recorded of the 
custom and the art of the period, but also skilful dispo- 
sition of materials and adaptation of surroundings to 
create a satisfactory illusion. 

Decorative details, colorings and designs were com- 
bined within the confines of a pavilion of blue to pro- 
duce such a result. This canopy of blue to suggest at 
night the intense Egyptian sky was studded with constel- 
lations of electric lights. Beneath it, in a circle about the 
well of Verona, the table was laid with a background of 
Egyptian hangings enclosing the whole. 

Palms, ferns and flowers were arranged about and 
above the fountain, against the standards that bore the 
canopy ; were showered upon the table, and glowed with 
vivid Eastern coloring. The lotus flower — an artificial 
blossom, but cleverly imitating the rose color and the text- 
ure of the rarest bloom — and the rose, were most con- 
spicuous. Upon the table eight brass boats of true 
Egyptian design were laden with hundreds upon hun- 
dreds of roses, and the electric lights that hung from the 
sides of the pavilion or surmounted the bank of green 
within the inner edge of the table were hidden among 
the petals of the lotus. The centerpieces for the table 
bore also the lotus flower in deep rose color against a 
green background. The menu cards, candelabras and 
the various paraphernalia of the banquet tables were dec- 
orated in Egyptian symbols and characters. As a sou- 
venir of this unique entertainment there were duplicates 
of a cartouch ring exhumed in exploration and an amulet, 
the Eye of Horus, the first for the gentlemen, and the 
ladies receiving the amulets. The banquet was served 
by attendants in modern Egyptian costume, and the 
music was selected from such characteristic compositions 
as "Aida." 

Mrs. Hearst's plans for the banquet were carried 
out by Orrin Peck and Miss Charlotte Williams. 

Criterion Club, Alameda 

The program for the meetings of this popular club 
will be as follows: November 4th, "Pyramids and Tem- 
ples of Egypt," Mrs. Baker. November 4th, "English 
Painters of the 19th Century," Mrs. Bird. November 
1 8th, "The Rich Man: His Influence; How He Made 
His Money and How He Uses It," Mrs. Hansen. 
November i8th, "Nature Study," Mrs. Read. 



cm 

Btfe 



9] 



I 



€fu6 




7 ll^°U'ilart*NiUincrw » 



JAKL tltVATOR. 






K. MeussdorfFer & Son 

HITTERS 



Importers of Ladies' English-Trimmed 
Walking and Traveling Hats 

8 Kearny Street 



Ntxl u Chrontcli 



San Francisco 




LADIES ARE INVITED 

To inspect our large and select stock of 
Suits, Cloaks, Furs, Feather Boas, 
Waists, Etc., which can be purchased 
for $i.oo a week at regular cash prices 

STANDARD OUTFITTING CO. 

220 GRANT AVE. 223 SUTTER ST. 

Over The D. Samuels Lace House Co. 



J. S. DODGE CO. 

Stationers and Engravers, 209 Post Street 

Do not confound us with business heretofore carried 
on by the Dodge Stationer)' Co. under the name 
"Dodge's" at 1 12 Post Street and 123 Grant Ave. 
in this city 



GLOBE BAKERY Telephone Geary 438 

Home-Made Bread, Cakes and Pies 

Scotch Short-Bread and Oat Cakes 




2027 Fillmore Street 



3065 Sixteenth Street 




California Bottling Co. 

SOLE BOTTLERS 

Addreii 

Harrison Street, near Ninth 

Phont South 148 SAN FRANCISCO 



Loewenthal's 



Taih 



or 









For 

Men and Women 

914 Market Street 
SAN FRANCISCO 



H.E. Skinner Co. 

416 Market St., San Francisco 

PING PONG 

Indian Blankets and 
BASKETS 

Hunting and Fishing Suits 
and Footwear for Ladies 



will remove about December l5t to 
Cafe Royal Building, cor. Market 
and Fourth Streets. 




MERCEY MINERAL SPRING CO!! 

18 McAllister Street 



Distributors of 



Mercey Water 

Invaluable for the Cure of 



Bottled at the 
Sprinsi 



RHEUMATISM, GOUT, SKIN AND BLOOD DISEASE: 
STOMACH TROUBLES AND DISEASES OF WOME> 



MR, G. FLAMM 

has just returned from Europe 
with an assortment of 

London^ Paris^ Berlii 
and Vienna Models 

for the Autumn and Winter Seasons 

/^J5 Polk Street^ S. F. 
Miss M. L. Sweeney 

MILLINER 
Room 2(), 121 Post Street, San Francisco 

Pattern Hats and No-vchin a Specialty 

/niss£wlolfe|.UJilkiTrs 

K^ore^lor 111 roiTitr^J' Room n 



[10 



California International SunsKine 



th^ 



Before giving reports of work this month, the local 
jciety would like to make a little announcement in re- 
ird to a messenger card on the plan of a chain letter, 
everal hundred of these cards have been sent out in 
le name of the International Sunshine Society pro- 
3sing to collect by contributions of dimes, enough 
loney to build a $15,000 home in San Francisco. This 
heme is wholly unauthorized by Mrs. Alden, the 
•esident-general, or by any State officers, and persons 
tntributing will do so at their own risk. The society 
)es not endorse any plan for collecting money and has 
) agents. Contributions which have been sent in have 
ways been offered and gifts have been doubly appre- 
ited coming unsought. In some cases, in order to 
:lp young people who are earning a living, a generous 
■ mmission has been given for Subscriptions to the 
iunshine Bulletin," but written orders must be presented, 
:med by the State President. 

The result of the Alden Club Bag Sale recently 
lid for State work is just announced. The proceeds 
; er all expenses were paid, amounted to $137. 80, which 
'.s given to the State President and disposed of as 
Ulows: A portable organ was given to the Chaplain 
i the Presidio, some of the money sent to headquarters 
f- Sunshine work — part given in cash to the Alden 
(ub treasury, and other expenditures left $49.00 in the 
hte Treasury. Mrs. G. W. Caswell was appointed 
'ite Treasurer. All State money will be used for the 
t therance of Sunshine work in California. 

The Bag Sale was altogether a most successful affair 
ai much is due to the vice-president, Miss Jennie 
PcFarland, at whose residence the entertainment was 
h d. Those who added to the pleasure of the after- 
nan were: Mrs. G. W. Caswell, who in a Geisha 
knono presided at the tea-table and read one's fate in 
tl tea leaves; Miss Jenne Long, who was gowned 
ii Egyptian costume and interpreted the Fates by means 

mystic cards ; and four little tots from the Chinese 
^ ssion, who sang and danced for the amusement of all. 
Veal selections by Mrs. Richard Bayne and Mrs. C. J. 
V;tmore were encored repeatedly, and the delightful 
n sic of the Fachutar Mandolin Orchestra continued 
d'ing the afternoon. 

1 The decorating committee consisting of Miss Ben- 
|a in. Misses Grace and Amy Garoutte, Miss Virginia 
D-e, and Miss Riffle, transformed the rooms into a bit 
ol Fairyland and gave a tropical effect by the tasteful 
ar.ngements of ferns and flowers. 

Noticeable among the curios was an Indian basket 
gim by Mrs. Kate Bulkley, State President of the Fed- 
sred Clubs of California. It was made of straw, lined 
wii tin for the purpose of holding flowers. Mrs. 
"Stover Alden, the Pres. Gen., also sent a rare Indian 
Jacet made of sweet grasses. 

The handkerchief contributed by Miss Alice Roose- 

i was won by Mrs. Richard Bayne. The chatelain 

,Ja sent by Samuels was won by Mrs. Davis, and 

th beautiful lace handkerchief in care of Miss Florence 

B(jamin was won by Mrs. G. W. Caswell, who 

rcrned it to the original owner. Miss Benjamin 

wii untiring patience has worked all summer 

to dispose of this handkerchief, the wedding gift 

01% woman once in happy circumstances and now 

n need. Fifty dollars was realized and sent with 

-hi handkerchief to bring some good cheer into her 

if< The members feel they cannot half express their 

>p eciation of the kindly interest of friends who attended 

•:n(5ale. It is hoped that many will be made happier 

: Jyhe proceeds of this entertainment. Now that reg- 



ular work has begun. Miss May W. Morton, chairman ^ifC 
of the visiting committee, is busier than ever with plans 
for sending "good cheer" where it is sadly needed. 
Christmas work will also begin very soon. 

The Golden Gate Club, of which Mrs. J. A. 
Davis is president, recently held a State Day. A beauti- 
ful centerpiece of pink roses was embroidered by the 
president, and after being raffled five dollars was sent in 
for stamps. This branch also sent in its annual report, 
showing much practical work accomplished. 

The Escondido branch, the largest in the State, re- 
ports that a State Day will be given early in December. 
It will be an "apron sale" where aprons of all kinds and 
descriptions will be sold for the benefit of Sunshine. 
Some other members will pay their dues by sending 
aprons to the Sale. The first annual election of this 
club was recently held and the following officers elected: 

President, Mrs. P. J. G. Fox. 

Vice-Pres., Mrs. Isabella Nulton. 

Recording Secretary, Mrs. Charlotte Cutler. 

Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Grace Thomas. 

Treasurer, Mrs. Genevieve Thomas. 

Now that annual reports are coming in we are 
proud to note the work done by the children, whose re- 
ports are most entertaining. One of the best yet re- 
ceived was sent in by the children of the Golden Corner 
Branch in Los Angeles. It came in pale blue cover, 
neatly typewritten, and the story of their work, so 
sweetly told, is embodied in the president's report. 

President's Report 

To the Friends of Sunshine and Little Children : — 

We are so glad to greet you on this, our first anni- 
versary, and we are filled with love and gratitude to the 
dear Father who has watched over our childish efforts to 
make some lives brighter and to scatter the sunshine of 
his love in thoughtful actions and loving deeds. 

As many ot you know, our society was started by 
two little people who earnestly wished to do something 
in this world for Jesus. So, gathering four others, they 
met at the home of the president on Monday, Septem- 
ber 23, 1 90 1, and founded a mission band, adopting 
" There is Sunshine in My Soul Today" as the society 
song. 

After being known a short time as a mission band, 
in November we formally connected ourselves with the 
International Sunshine Society. The president-general, 
Mrs. Cynthia Westover Alden, named us the "Golden 
Corner Branch," and won our hearts completely with 
her loving letters. 

Our first work was to send flowers and fruit to the 
sick, to the hospitals, taking loving messages to "shut- 
in" friends. We made little articles to sell, also scrap- 
books, etc., so that by Christmas we had S6.00 in our 
treasury, besides books, toys, and comfortable clothing 
for a number of poor children. We gave one old lady 
a nice Christmas dinner and groceries to last a month; 
sent dolls to three children who never had one, and tried 
to make each other happy. At Easter many beautiful 
hand-painted gifts were made, and over $3.00 realized 
selling hand-painted eggs. The society provided the 
means for an invalid to get some chickens, which 
were much needed, as she lived mostly on eggs. She 
calls them "Sunshine chickens." 

In May we had the great happiness of having our 
dear president-general, Mrs. Alden, with us in the city, 
and decorated her tent with flowers during the ten days 
of her stay. Coming in contact with her sweet and 



•] 



^ftlfi gracious personality daily has left an impression upon 
^. ,^ us which never can be effaced. She honored us with 
i&i]t her presence at our entertainment which we gave on 
May 6th, for the benefit of International Sunshine, 
and to raise money to put a Sunshine bed in Bethlehem 
Mission, and gave us a short talk on International Sun- 
shine work. Her father, mother and sister, with many 
visiting Sunshiners, were also present. 

Our proceeds at the entertainment enabled us to 
give ^lo.oo to International Sunshine and put $15.00 
in the bank toward our Sunshine bed, and still left us 
a few dollars on hand. 

On July 31st our dramatic club gave "Alice of Old 
Vincennes," which one of our boys had dramatized and 
adapted to children. Five cents admission was charged, 
and $j.oo was raised to send a poor family of seven to 
the beach. Our children provided a bountiful lunch for 
them, and a very happy day was spent. 

The Salvation Army also sent three adults to the 
beach through our efforts. 

During vacation many kindly deeds were done — 
visiting hospitals and the sick, also sending a wheel 
chair to an invalid for a month, hoping to help win her 
back to health, and to cheer her through dark days. 
During the year over thirty visits have been made. 
Our Sunshine quilt is nearly finished, and already the 
Christmas box is being filled. 

We have now fifty-three children on the roll call, 
thirty-five being very active members and twenty honor- 
ary members. A Sunshine society has been formed in 
Chihuahua, Mexico, also in National City, Cal., through 
the personal efforts of Mrs. Rogers. 

Thanking you all for the kindness shown us in the 
past, and hoping for the hearty co-operation of parents 
and friends in the future, I remain. 
Faithfully yours, 

Charles Albert Rodgers. 

California Club 

[Paper by Mrs. B. P. Avery, Chairman of the Prison Section, under 
the S. S. Department, and read before the club.] 

Madam Chairman and Members of the Department — 
You already know that the regular visits of your represent- 
atives to the Broadway Street Jail commenced in February 
last ; that almost immediately a small library for the use of 
the prisoners was suggested, and application made to Mr. 
F. W. Cornyn, Chief Jailer, and the Sheriff for permis- 
sion to place it there. Both these gentlemen readily 
assented to the proposition and have cheerfully con- 
tinued their support. Books and magazines were at 
once solicited in many directions. The San Francisco 
Free Public Library and the Mercantile Library made 
generous donations of books, and many friends gave 
books and magazines. In the following June there had 
been selected and put in condition for use about five 
hundred books and four hundred magazines, which were 
transferred to the jail ; but owing to unavoidable delay 
in shelving them, full regular distributions could not be 
made until the last of July. But in the meantime maga- 
zines and literary papers were regularly and freely given 
out. The number of books has been increased, from 
about the same sources, to 866, covering 105 feet of 
shelves. The number of magazines has been greatly 
reduced, but not lost, as we have selected from our 
increased number 400 to send to Jail No. 1. We have 
177 left, and are now open to receive those of later date. 
We have a simple but effective method of distribution, 
which, together with the co-operation of the Chief Jailer 
in protecting the books from loss or injury by the pris- 
oners, and the faithfulness and vigilance of the librarian, 
has enabled us to keep our library almost intact, having 



lost only one book. However, being mostly condemne^i 
library books, they would soon fall into disuse but fo 
constant repairs and the care of the librarian and you 
representatives. There are three distributions of book 
each week, excepting on the last Saturday of ever 
month, when all books are called in for inspection an 
only magazines are given out on that day. We also kee 
literary and scientific papers and other stray readin 
matter, to give out as specials to suit the reader. Aboi 
eighty per cent of the prisoners take books. Probabl 
the majority read to pass the time, but there are alway 
some good and appreciative readers. 

As to the effect or profit from the reading, oth< 
than the relief to the terrible monotony of their live 
or the effect of personal or individual work with thj 
inmates, we cannot tell. If we can give one grain (l| 
cheer or encouragement to any one struggling with hin , 
self, or possibly somewhat aid one man to lift himsf' 
out of the pit into which, being blind, he has fallen, v; 
shall be glad. That we cannot measure results is r> 
reason why we should slacken our efforts, for when v; 
scatter seed we cannot tell what soil it will find nor whu 
a seed will put forth a shoot. 

Our work should not be confined within the pris<jl 
walls. When the doors swing open to send out into ti 
critical world a man who has served out his term of se- 
tence, learned a lesson, and resolved to live an uprigK 
life in the future, he needs sympathy, moral support, ai| 
sometimes material aid until he gains the confidence i 
his fellows. He wants recognition, the grasp of a friem 
hand, and especially does he need protection from 
man with a beam in his eye so large that he cannot 
and understand the struggles and sufferings of tl 
shrinking, sensitive man, who has received his sight, ai 
who would thrust him back rather than lead him forwai ^ 

Upon investigation your representative finds tli 
there is an arrangement vested In the U. S. Marslu 
which entitles a U. S. prisoner serving a term of senter 
of six months or more in a County Jail to the same pi- 
visions as the State prisoner, namely : Suitable clothl^ 
while serving time, and five dollars and a suit of clotls 
on his release. She also finds that this arrangement Is 
not been in force in the County Jail in San FranciiO 
County during the term of the officials there, nownl 
charge until the 20th of January, 1902, when, as le 
result of her Investigation, Wm. Stein, U. S. prisorr, 
received an order from the U. S. Marshal for five doll*«l 
in money and a suit of clothes on his release from \t 
Broadway Street County Jail of San Francisco, whh 
took place on that day. Your representatives have bm 
courteously and considerately treated by all the offic<s, 
and most respectfully and even kindly by the prlsoms. 
They often express gratitude for the relief and help ti? 
department has given them. One or two prisonenit 
large have greatly aided in directing to personal woe,, 
especially with the boys and lads. One cell prisoner iS' 
had two books rebound for us, one a larrge dictloniy; 
another has given two books to the libray, a third a 
beautifully written our last supplement, and proposeiM 
write for us an entire new catalogue. Others have «■ 
pressed a desire to do something If it were in their poe: ; 
to do so. 

A well-organized association, actuated by the U' : 
spirit of our Greatest Teacher and Guide, could do m-'f 
toward wiping out the false lines and stains that cus n 
allows to fasten as brands upon the man, though h<3' ;;( 
thoroughly reformed, who has once passed under in ;i 
tence of the courts. 

In a year's frequent visits to this jail, many tn j,, 
porary improvements and changes for the betterment jj 
the inmates have suggested themselves, but with nT ;: 






b 



iught and study they have narrowed down to one 

): position, which, as your representative, I venture to 

)1 r for your consideration, that is: In the cause of jus- 

fl( and humanity, and for the credit of this ambitious 

It rapidly growing city, there is urgent necessity for a 

%t! detention jail on a new site, or that sufficient ground 

^1 added to the present site for a large yard where the 

loners can take open-air exercise, and ground space 

a larger modern building, with more and fitter cells 

prisoners in class departments, a visitors' room, eating 

m, and better office and hospital accommodations. 

mey expended in attempted improvements in the 

sent building, other than the immediate needs while 

iting the erection of a proper structure, is a waste 

. a loss to the taxpayers. The question of economy 

n early acquisition of ground for this purpose is too 

lent to need wordy advocacy. 

All the inmates of this jail, excepting fifteen or 
nty misdemeanors retained for the jail work, are here 
iiting trial. There are always men among those who 
■e gone astray that the restraining arm of the law will 
ibtless have to be about for a long time ; but at 
same time there are men here awaiting the adjust- 
trit of their cases in the higher courts, who by the 
d lorable delay of the courts are held months and even 
rs, and then sometimes pronounced innocent. Others 
ic minor charges, a first offense, sometimes under amelior- 
itig circumstances; and boys are here months awaiting 
trl. All of these in the eye of the law are entitled to 
ti benefit of a doubt until they are proved guilty. 
Snuld they not be as well cared for as men who by the 
diision of the final courts are placed in the State prisons ? 
Tere they have daylight, fresh air, good sanitary condi- 
ti IS, wholesome food served on tables where they can 
a with some degree of comfort, and are provided with 
chhing. Here we have a jail site seventy-five feet front 
ail one hundred and fifty feet deep, entirely covered 
wli the jail building, which was erected to accommodate 
a nail population and before any of the modern sani- 
tir appliances or improved methods of construction 
we introduced here into public buildings, and when 
tl prevailing idea of the community was severity rather 
tin justice, and little or no thought was given to reform- 
airy measures. 

The plumbing is of the old style, and so weakened 
b time that it is constantly breaking and giving out 
;nsive odors. There are seventy cells, fifteen in the 
u )er corridor averaging less than eight feet by ten. 
C ly four of these have enough daylight to enable a 
irn to read without an artificial light. Four men often 
upy one of these cells together. In the lower cor- 
riar there are twenty-eight cells six feet wide, eight feet 
d:p and nine feet high. In all of these an artificial 
lilt is always necessary, but as the city does not furnish 
lilt, men who have not the means to supply them- 
S(/es, being unable to read or do anything for want of 
lilt, have to take turns standing at the wicket trying to 
wir away the time by talking to their neighbors across 
tl corridor or sleep as much as possible. There are 
osn four men crowded into one of these little dark cells 
wh only four hundred and thirty-two cubic feet of space 
ii the clear. There is a State law making it a misde- 
nanor, with a money penalty attached, for an owner of 
a jdging house, apartment building or other structure 
w hin the limits of an incorporated city in the State of 
Clifornia, furnishing less than five hundred cubic feet of 
S).ce in the clear for each person occupying such room 
apartment. This law does not apply to public build- 
ns, such as prisons, jails, etc.; but if five hundred cubic 
ut of space is only humane to the man at large, less 
tl n one-quarter of that space, or one hundred and eight 



cubic feet to a man in close confinement, is inhumane to ^Ptift 
the extent of cruelty. ^ ,^ 

The party wall on the east side is only two and one- ^i]€ 
half feet from the prison wall, and not only obscures the 
light that might come into the little slits of windows from 
a wider space, but the foul air that goes out from these 
crowded cells beats against this near wall and is partly 
thrown back into the cells and must be breathed over 
and over again. On the western side is an area, called a 
yard, eleven feet wide, running the length of the prison 
wall about ninety-five feet. The outer side of this area 
or the western protection wall is formed by two tiers of 
cells, the upper one for Chinese awaiting deportation, the 
lower tier for the working man, who alone uses this so- 
called yard. 

The corridors, thirteen feet in width, the well in the 
upper one taking out half the floor space, are the only 
places where the cell prisoners can take exercise. They 
are taken out of their cells for an hour and a half twice 
a week, or three hours out of one hundred and sixty- 
eight, to walk, not briskly, but slowly, to accommodate 
each other in this small space, and without proper fresh 
air to give a healthy condition to the exercise. 

Another unfortunate condition not infrequently 
occurs. A man is arrested, perhaps a stranger, who is 
unable to provide himself with clothing sufficient for 
sanitary purposes, and as the city does not provide cloth- 
ing for detained prisoners, a great discomfort results when 
this man is held weeks or months. He is still in a pitiful 
condition when released; if he is friendless, as he is likely 
to be — as there is no provision for the city or county out- 
going prisoner either in clothing or money — he is not 
only liable to suffer before he can get occupation, but is 
exposed to the temptation of committing another crim- 
inal act to escape starvation. 

The consensus of opinion of those who have worked 
long in jails and prisons in the cause of humanity is that 
persons charged with crime should be safely held and 
kept under a strict but humane discipline, but in no case 
subjected to conditions such as would undermine the 
physical and consequently the moral nature. 

Men who are kept in enforced idleness in cells with 
little more than standing room, in semi-darkness, or 
artificial light burning out the scant air, with weakened 
eyesight and constant headaches the result, are more 
likely to accuse the law and its punishments than to 
reflect on their errors and profit by the discipline. 

There are no separate departments for detained 
prisoners. The habitual criminal, or old offender, who 
will spend most of his life in jails or prisons, the man 
who has committed his first offense, the boy of tender 
years often the victim of his parents or his environment, 
are all in reach of each other. If the city desired to 
educate boys for a criminal life, a better school for that 
purpose could not be found than this detention jail, 
when at the most impressionable age they are sometimes 
for months exposed to the influence of the most dan- 
gerous class of men. Recognizing this condition, the 
judges of the several departments have released the boys 
at once on the suggestion of your representative. 

Little can be done with the present arrangement of 
cells to place prisoners according to their class, but as 
much as existing conditions will allow has been done by 
the present administration toward segregating the classes 
and keeping together those who might be reformed. 

This lamentable condition exists today because many 
successive city administrations, recognizing the need, have 
talked around the question of a new detention jail instead 
of bringing the matter to an issue as would be done in a 
private business enterprise. Until an administration 
takes up this matter on sound business principles, the 



i3] 



^1*^ La Grande Laundry 



Principal Office : 



Telephone Buab ll 



23 Powell Street, cor. Ellis Street 



San Francisco 



B.J. SMITH, Pres. H. A. SMITH, Mgr. 

For Your Table And No Other Kind 

SMITH'S CASH STORE, Inc. 

25 Harket St., S. F. 25 Depts. 




No Branches 



No Solicitors 



THE BEST FRENCH LAUNDRY IN TOWN 
J. P. LACAZE & CO. 

Telephone East 615 

829 Sutter Street, Between Leavenworth and Jones, S. F. 

r.A.Swin rp^^ ORIGINAL E.ubli.bed .856 

Swain's Bakery and Restaurant 

Telepiione Grant JI 

No. 21 J Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal. 



Geo. W. Caswell Co. 



Telephone 

Private Exchange 51 



Importers and Manufacturers 

TEAS, COFFEES, SPICES, EXTRACTS 
BAKING POWDER and OLIVE OIL 



412—414 Sacramento Street 



San Francisco, Cal. 



The finest grades of Meat only at 



Telephone Eait ^^4 



The Cable Market Co, 

IMMEDIATE. SERVICE 

S. E. Corner Polk and California Streets, San Francisco 

JOHN G. ILS & CO. 

French Ranges, Kitchen and Bakery Outfits 

814-816 KEARNY STREET 

^^t I When that door won't open or shut, that drawer 

I^J/XV/ does not fit, or you want something in the furniture 

J line you can't buy at a store, call up Red 5365 

ind FRED TITT of 625 Washington Street (bet. Kearny and Mont- 
omery), will attend to it and not charge much either. Try him. 



immmmmm 



PiiKrpsff««"n 




>ilffrfrrrafirfrfi 



SPERPY FLOUR COMPANY 

^riiAiicisca OFFICE tSfctuHnun. 



(otm 




G. A. W. FOLKERS Th'TvoI 



FOLKFHS & BrO. 

Importer of Surgical Instruments and Supplies. Manufacturer of Trusses and apparatus 
for Deformities, Etc., Elastic Stockings and Belts 

No. 809 Market Street, San Francisco 

ROOM 4, KLOOD BUILDING Telephone Bush 431 



Telephone East 431 Established 1870 

ABRAMOVICH & CO. ---- -¥?i-,-'-s 

1654 POLK STREET, Corner Clay, San Francisco 

Telephone East iic ■'<" oy"". shrimps, cr.bi, ciam., 

L 1 2. Hifh-Grade Tamalei and Oyster Loaves 



T*l«phen« Oyster Co. 



1443 Polk Street 



GOOD COOKING 

is improved by 

CHILI-PEK/ 

Wonderfully appetizing, makes cooking easy and eating a pleasuiL 
It simplifies the preparation of all Spanish Dishes. 

SOLD ONLY IN BOTTLES 

LOCKYER'S CLUB HOUSE SEASONINil 

For tasty stuffings and all kinds of game 

Sold by Johnson Baos. ; Wist, Elliott Ic Goidon; 
Irvine B»o8. and all leading grocers 



CHABLIS AND SAUTERNE TYPES CLARET X AND GRAND Wlli 

Gold Medal, Bufl.ilo, 1901 j 

VAo nBuu. BmsaeLft taa» flSBP °<>u> neoAt. pakis aeoii 




OFFICE 

6I2H4. QEARV 3t 
S4D rr«r)cuca C<L 



ViNCYARD 

CUPERTINO 
Sdtita CMr<a Co,C4 



TEPEPHONE POLK 2781 



Th( 



=^1 3.rChment r roots the sweHest tWng the phot- 

rapher's arc has yet produc. 
There are plenty of imitations. The real thing is a little more expensive, bu j 
worth the difference. 



Phone Rhd 746 



IMPERIAL STUDIO 

724 Market Street 



SAN FRANCIS) 



If you have a telephone you have our Drug Stc 
right in your house all the time 

Our Quick Delivery Service will call for prescriptions and deliver 1: 
medicine in almost no time ; and we will send out on approval, a' 
toilet, or sick-room, or household article desired. Save yourself 1 
the time, trouble and expense, and just telephone EAST 994 - 
whatever drug-store goods you need. 

7A * J a jT T^ j 7 Soulbivett orntr 

David M. r /etcher fan Nas Ave. and Geary St. 

National Electric Co 

Electric Lamps, Supplies and Construction 

344 POST STREET 



city will continue to suffer the disastrous effects of t; 
present unsatisfactory system. 

As we occupy a central point in the pathway 
nearly the whole world, we are liable to have always t' 
adventurer, schemer and idler among us — a difficult el 
ment to handle, though we must not withhold the helpii; 
hand even from this class. But let us work earnestly • 
save our boys and young men who are daily falling vi 
tims to their unfortunate environment. We can wo: 
both outside and in the jails, but as this report deit 
with the inside, it is meet that we give our thoughts nc 
to the removal of conditions that tend to make crimina, 
and endeavor to help establish conditions where reform- 
tory measures can be taken. 

I submit the foregoing facts for your consideratio, 
hoping they may help to attract attention to this lar: 
and important field for work. Respectfully, 

Mrs. B. p. Avery, i 
S. S. Dept. California Clu. 







CM 



MecKanics Institute Librarx 

Improvements are to be made In the near future 

in the present site of the Mechanics Institute, pro- 

sd the present plans of the members of the Board of 

ectors be carried out. At a meeting of the directors 

lust 28th it was decided that, without further delay, 

aparations for the construction of a new library build- 

■ or the reconstruction of the present building be 

Kipleted. In accordance with this view the following 

I lolutions were adopted : 

" Whereas, This board some months since received 
h)ugh its president an expression of opinion from a 
lority of the members of the Mechanics Institute 
h,: a new library building should be erected on our 
Vt Street site; and whereas, there is a necessity for a 
ic library building or for a proper reconstruction of 
It present library building; and whereas, it is necessary 
t lie present time to take definite action on a proposi- 
i( before this board to purchase additional property 
n locate the library on some other locality ; therefore, 
let 

" Resolved, That the new library committee be 
uiorized and directed to take into consideration the 
liter of either erecting a new building on the Post 
It et lot or reconstructing the present library building; 
n 

" Resolved, That the new library committee be au- 
li ized to consult the plans and specifications already 
Dared for the reconstruction of the present building 
rievise preliminary plans for a new building on the 
'(t Street lot; and 

" Resolved, That the committee on finance be au- 
ti' ized and directed to present to this board a feasible 
il: for securing the necessary funds for either the erec- 
io of the proposed building or the reconstruction of 
liipresent building." 

f ascagni's " Iris " Sung in New YorK 

After much tribulation and in the face of many diffi- 
u es that would have daunted a man less resolute, 
lij or Mascagni produced the opera " Iris " at the Met- 
0]ilitan Opera House for the first time last month in 
«!</ York. 

"Iris" is a drama of humanity, set amid flowers, 
irs and the quaint and beautiful costumes and odd 
11:0ms of the Orient. 

The opera, while it lacks the intense dramatic fervor 
f Cavalleria Rusticana," is an interesting and beautiful 
nluction, has much melody and characteristic clever- 
C! of musical composition, and while the influence of 
V;ner is clearly felt and expressed, especially in the 
rcestration, it does not lack at the same time much 
ri nality. 

The overture, with musical and dramatic crescendo 
'0 the first soft murmurs, suggesting dawn, to a mag- 
ifi:nt climax, typifying the glory of the rising sun, 
3ved the audience to enthusiasm. Beautiful and efFect- 
'■e Iso is Osak's love song for Iris in the second act, in 
'h h takes place the opera's most striking scene. The 
taj: settings are extremely effective, and some of the 
ic'.res so beautiful as to be worth seeing alone. — 
'A; nicle. 




1; 



No matter what price you wish to pay for a piano, 
whether fifty dollars or one thousand, it is well to remem- 
ber that Kohler & Chase, 28-30 O'Farrell Street, the 
oldest, largest and most progressive music house of the 
West, is the best place to buy. Many people are will- 
ing to pay extra in order to be perfectly certain that what 
they get is absolutely reliable and guaranteed, ^«/ it costs 
you even less, quality considered, to purchase your piano 
of Kohler & Chase, and you have the choice of Knabe, 
Fischer, Hobart, McCabe, Kohler & Chase, etc., pianos 
famous the world over. 

MecKanics Pavilion Promenade Concert 

The second promenade concert at the Mechanics 
Pavilion will be given on November 12th. The Cecilia 
Choral Society is engaged in rehearsing, under the direc- 
tion of Dr. H. J. Stewart, the following numbers: 

Polonaise and chorus from "Life for the Czar," 
by Glinka; "Twine Ye the Garlands," from "Ruins of 
Athens," and "Glory of God in Nature," both by Bee- 
thoven. In addition, the chorus will sing the final 
stanza of Sullivan's "Lost Chord," harmonized by 
Dr. H. J. Stewart. 

The Starr King Fraternity continue their lectures in 
the lecture room of the First Unitarian Church, 14th 
and Castro Streets, Oakland, on the following dates: 

November 14 — "Travels in Sweden," illustrated 
with lantern views by Charles A. Sumner of San Fran- 
cisco. 

November 2ist-27th — "Starr King Art Salon." 

A SKort Season of Grand Opera 

Mascagni, who will conduct his own operas, with 
170 people, including seventy of an orchestra, will open 
for eight performances at the Grand Opera House on De- 
cember 8th. Mr. Kronberg has been here and made all 
the arrangements with Bouvier & Greenebaum, who will 
manage the important season. The seats will be at the 
highest $5, and it will be a moderate figure for the com- 
plete presentation of the operas, all of which except 
"Cavalleria," will be new to us. All the singers will be 
strange to us, but they have high reputations in Italy, 
and have been selected by Mascagni himself — Chronicle^ 
Sept. 24, 1902. 

On the occasion of her first benefit concert on 
Oct. 23d in Steinway Hall, Miss Mast the blind 
singer, scored an artistic success. Varied selections 
exhibited to advantage the capabilities of her true, 
sweet, sympathetic and wholly pleasing voice. 

Miss Mast was ably assisted by Mr. Paul Fried- 
hoffer and Mr. Otto Fleissner, in rendering a thoroughly 
enjoyable program. 

Miss Virna Woods* Play 

Arthur F. Ward has just accepted a play written by 
Miss Woods for the tragedian, Charles D. Herman. 
The new play is entitled " Charles IX," and the first pro- 
duction will be given in California at an earlv date. 



] 



€fu6 Mrs. Charles W. Rhodes on 

•***T^ ^^ Wagner and the Bayreuth Festival" 

An Illustrated Stcreoptlcon Lecture 

Musical Illustrations by Mr. Adolf Glose of New York, 

CONCERT PIANIST 

Lecturer Biennial C. F. W. C, Los Angeles, May, '02 

Tours the Pacific Coast States under Blanchard & Venter's Management 

For terms, circulars and dates, address 

557 Parrott Bldg., San Francisco, Cal. 316 Blanchard Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Write Blanchard and Venter for anything in the line ol Concerts and Lectures 

SEJSON igo2-igo3 

Mme. Mary Fairweather 

LECTURER 

CALIFORNIA — December and January, igo2-igoj 
OREGON and IV ASHINGTON— February and March, igoj 

f^oman^s Clubi and Colleges only. 

SUBJECTS: 

I. — tf^agntrian Art and Philtiofhji. 

2. — Tbt Master Mindt: t Iht Gritk Dramatists. 2 Dante. J Gtttht, 4 Shakitttrt. 

^.— Great Mtderni — Literary and Dramatit. / Brtwning. 2 Hauptman. ^ Maeterlinik. 

Exclusive Direction, KENNETH L. BERNARD. 

Columbian Building, San Francisco, Calif. 
For descriptive introduction, terms, etc. 

T If 17 r\> D Graduate and Pupil Teacher of Cooper Union, N. Y. 

Ltllie y. O Ryan Miniature Lessons from Life and Print. 

Studied in London, Paris and Holland j ■ r? n • 

Outdoor Sketching Throughout the Year ^»»ie t tattCeS BrtggS 

The Studios : Room 5, 424 Pine Street, San Francisco 

MISS SUSANNE R. PATCH 

Teacher of Singing ( hamper ti Method") 

MISS NELLIE B. PATCH 

Teacher of Piano 

Residence and Studio : 1^21 Clay Street^ near Hyde 

TeUpfwne luirkin 2281. 



DO YOU WISH 
TO BECOME 
SELF-SUSTAINING? 

If SO, no occupation offers so attractive a field for an 
intelligent, ambitious young woman as stenography, 
and one so speedily remunerative. 

We give individual instruction, and secure positions 
for graduates. 

Day and Evening Classes 
Copying Done 
Stenographers Furnished 

If interested, call upon or write to the 

Merrill-Miller College 

855 Market Street 
Rooms 40-42, Parrott Building 



Telephone South 880 

Send for Catalogue 



KATHERINE L. MILLER 
Principal 



O K" A T %T CC\ »^» Eiubllihed 1886 Phone BUck 1566 

\J. ivn.1 «. ^^^^. »♦♦ Main Office: Tokio, J.p.n 

IMPORTERS OF JAPANESE ART GOODS 

J 16 Kearny Street San Francisco, Cal. 




;i 



"SpeaKing" 

The thorough and useful little book on "Speakii 
(Blackwood & Sons, 3s.), by Dr. William Mair, ml 
ister of the parish of Earlston, is now in its third ts' 
tion. This issue has been revised and enlarged, 
deals with all branches of the art — with voice-formati 1 
the minutiffi of elocution, public speaking, pulpit oratcji 
and stammering. 

To the young man who would be an effect' 
speaker, the author says : — " Practice, practice, practt 
daily practice, persevering practice of details, like i 
girl at her piano, like the apprentice at his tools — ij 
is the secret. He who would produce good work 11 
reading or speaking must first get the correct and p 
fectly easy mastery and use of the tools — the v{j 
organs, the vowels, consonants and syllables ; and 1 
can be got only by determined, persevering practicta 
elementary details. 

"The improvement which well-directed, resol: 
practice produces in the voice is scarcely credils 
Henry Ward Beecher says he was drilled incessantly ) 
three years. Randolph of Roanoke, though he beji 
with a disagreeable creaking voice, became a ms 
fascinating speaker. A long list might be given) 
eminent speakers who are known to have attained n 
power by sheer, determined, laborious, painstaki^ 
self-discipline." 

Dr. Mair in his little book shows you how li 
success may be attained. 

A very beautiful conception of a dowery chest n 
be seen at the studio of Miss Milward B. Holderi 
Clay and Kearny Streets. The chest is made of Spar h 
cedar and possesses the fragrant quality peculiar to x 
wood. The passion vine, beautifully simple and crisy 
carved in the wood, forms the border on the cover, ;d 
the same leaf is effectively combined with the Easter v 
in the front design. The whole is lined with a s 
dove-color, woven silk. The general effect of richr^^ 
and simplicity is most pleasing. 

Every woman has a certain individuality which ic 
should study to bring out. In it consists her tif 
charm. She should be careful not to hide it un:r 
whatever may be the fashion of the moment. 

Any one requiring an absolutely pure olive oil, s- 
pecially for medicinal use, should ask for the Vincil 
C. Smith oil. It can be bought at the following placs. 

Market St., Nos. 5, 565, 1016; Pine St., No. 42; 
Sutter St., No. 230; Geary St., No. 612; Devisado 
St., Nos. 401, 500; Mission St., No. 1896. 



Velveta ! What is it ? Velveta is a liquid, 
perceptible powder for the face and hands, perfeiy 
harmless, which enhances one's loveliness and at « 
same time preserves the fine texture of the skin fi"" 
dust and wind. Sold everywhere and by Val Schmt 
inventor, chemist. Southeast corner Polk and Jack r 
Streets, San Francisco. 

San Francisco Blue DooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1902-1903, contains n«i'; 
addresses and officers of the leading Women's Clubs. Addres' 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 



Cil 



Two Arts 

that 

beat 

as 

one 

"Stanley-Taylor" 

and 
"Club-printing" 

Not the tawdry, over-ornamented, over-gilded 
kind of printing, but printing that is workmanlike 
and substantially artistic. This is what has earned 
for us a high mark of good taste and culture. Club 
Life has been printed by us since its inception. 

The Stanley-Taylor Company 

656 Mission Street, San Francisco 





$i43»248.oo 

Is the amount paid for duties on Moet & Chandon Champagne 

in 190a 

IN EXCESS 

of amount paid in 1901, an increase no other Champagne can 
record, and demonstrating the appreciation of the merits of 

"WHITE SEAL" 



AND BRUT IMPERIAL 

William Wolff & Co. 

Pacific Coast Agents 

2 1 6-2 1 8 Mission Street, San Francisco 





PRINTCD BV THE ST*Niev-T*V1.0R COMPANY. SAN FRANCISCO 



($ot 1, (Uo- 8 



©ecemBett 1902 



$1,00 a 'gear 




fpu6ft6$eb (tttontgfg Bg ^6e C^«8t»omcin'B (Bwi^^. ^<^^ ^tdncieco anb (^fftmeba C©- 



Club Life 



PUBLISHED 



B -y 



TKe Clubw^oman's Guild 

1329 California Street J^ San Francisco 

Office and Calling Hours i t lO A. M. to 4- P. M. 



TELEPHONE 



EAST 



1 O O S 



Contents 


California Outdoor Art League 


I 


Pioneer Women of California 


I 


Forum Club ...... 


I 


Philomath Club 


I 


Laurel Hall Club 


• i>3 


Jefferson Davis Chapter, U. D. C, No. 540 . 
California International Sunshine 


3 
• 4 


Corona Club ...... 


4 


The Contemporary Club .... 
The Papyrus Club ..... 
"A Ghost Story " — Bessie Tracy Smith 
Daughters of the California Pioneers 


• 4 
4 

• 5 
5 


Temperature for Mental Work 

Library Department 

Sacramento Clubs — .... 


• 5 

7 

. 8 


Saturday Club ..... 

Tuesday Club 

The Kingsley Art Club 


00 00 00 


The Griggs Club .... 


. 8 


The Junior Saturday Club 
Ladies' Choral Society 
A Sacramento Clubwoman of Note 


8 

. 8 

8-9 


"The Conversion of an Unbeliever" — Mrs. 




Tbos. W. Collins .... 


9, II 


Art News 


II 


"Origin of the Moss Rose" — a Poem — Virginia 
B. Milliard 


. II 


"The Son of His Mother "—i?«/i) Comfort 




Mitchell 


12-13 


"You Kissed Me"— a Poem . 


• 13 


Ellery's Royal Italian Band .... 
Newspaper Clippings — .... 
Queen Alexandra .... 


13 
. 15 

15 


Eugene Field's Eccentricities 


• 15 


Announcements — 


15 


Paul Steindorff's Benefit . 


15 


The Cozy Corner of the Citrus Fair 


15 


A Gifted Clubwoman from New York 


15 


Shopping News 

World's Fair Gold Dollars 


16 
. 16 





Entered July 10, I go 2, as Second-class Matter 
Postoffice at San Francisco, Cal. Act of Congress of March j, l8jg 



Club Life 



Vol. L 



DECEMBER, 1902 



No. 5, 



California Outdoor Art League 

The open meeting of the California Outdoor Art 
League was held in the auditorium of the Mechanics' 
Institute, Post Street, Monday, November 24th, at 
3:30 p. M. 

Miss Alice Eastwood spoke on "Present Needs." 

An elevator is a promised convenience in the near 
future. 

At the hour of going to press, success seems to 
have crowned the efforts of the League in the matter of 
changing the name of New City Hall Square to Marshall 
Square, in honor of the man who discovered gold in 
California, and as a more significant title of a park con- 
taining an historic monument. 

The work of the Outdoor Art League is now being 
carried on by committees of which the following ladies 
are chairmen : 

Rincon School yard, Mrs. C. C. Riedy. 

Gardens in small streets south of Market, Mrs. 
C. C. Riedy, Mrs. Edward F. Glaser. 

City tree planting, Mrs. O. D. Baldwin. 

Outside city tree planting, Mrs. Luther Wagoner. 

Military reservations. Miss Katherine Hittell. 

Vacant lots, Mrs. Emma C. Martin. 

Seed and plant, Mrs. Edward F. Glaser. 

Window frieze, Mrs. H. H. Fassett, Mrs. Carl Renz. 

Mrs. Lovell White, President, 

Ella C. B. Fassett, Press Correspondent, 

California Outdoor Art League. 

Pioneer "Women of California 

The annual meeting of the Pioneer women of 
California was held in Golden Gate Hall, November 
22d. The president, Mrs. Anna E. Mclntyre, and 
staff, Mrs. E. P. Thorndike, first vice-president; Mrs. 
Emily P. Geary, second vice-president; Mrs. Louise 
Shepherd Chase, secretary; Mrs. Mary T. Gamage, 
financial secretary, and Mrs. Margaret McCormick, 
treasurer, received the members and their friends to the 
number of 400. 

The president introduced the entertainers, who con- 
tributed a fine program. Mrs. E. M. North was to 
the fore in her usual bright style and gave an in- 
formal talk on "My Mother's Trip Across the Isthmus," 
which was fully enjoyed. 

Committee on Entertainment — Mrs. Mclntyre, 
Mrs. Holmes and Mrs. Richardson. 

Committee on Refreshments — Mrs. Collins, Mrs. 
McAvoy and Mrs. Pollock. 

Forum Club 

The ladies of the Forum Club received their guests 
in a most cordial manner at their rooms on Sutter Street 
Wednesday afternoon, November 12th. 

The Reception Committee was composed of the 
officers and directors of the club. 

The afternoon was spent in social discourse and an 
entertaining musical program was given. 

The ladies were all beautifully gowned and a most 
delicious repast was served. 



1] 



Philomath Club 

The Philomath Club room was filled with a most 
appreciative audience on Monday evening, November 
loth, when the Honorable Julius Kahn delighted the 
ladies of the club and their guests with a talk on 
Washington, the Nation's capital city, and a Congress- 
man's impressions of the social and official life in that 
city. The subject was handled in the most interesting 
manner and added to it was Congressman Kahn's ever 
pleasing personality which together won him hearty 
applause from an exceedingly appreciative audience. 

At the close of the talk, Mrs. Lowenberg, presi- 
dent of the club, in fitting manner presented Mr. 
Kahn, in the name of the ladies of the Philomath Club, 
with an exquisite set of books, entitled, "Renowned 
Travelers of the World." 

Laurel Hall Club 

The Sorosis Club rooms were filled to their utmost 
capacity on Wednesday afternoon, November 19th, by 
members and guests of the Laurel Hall Club. 

Mrs. T. W. Collins, who extended a cordial wel- 
come to all and introduced the different ladies who were 
good enough to entertain the assemblage with their 
varied talents, said : 

" Friends : We note the passing hour, and will onlv 
tarry a moment to bid you welcome. You have given 
us of your presence today, and we thank you, for there 
is inspiration in numbers. While we extend the hand 
of greeting, and the opportunity presents itself to be 
heard, I want to add a little plea for the old naturalness 
of things. We have outgrown most of the old tradi- 
tions and much of the old sentiment. We have gone 
out into the world, and life has become a complex 
thing with its clubs, receptions, high-noon breakfasts, 
social rivalries, and the restlessness that comes through 
changing faith. The ideal woman of today must be she 
who meets the demands of the hour and still lays no 
stricture on the hearth — one hand outstretched toward 
the teeming future, the other clasping close the tender, 
beautiful truths of more simple days, remembering that 
neither wealth nor garb, nor beauty, nor great intellect 
can make the woman, but character. 

" When the lulls of life come, in which we rest, I 
know many of us must turn longingly to the moss- 
grown by-paths that lead backward to the old-fashioned 
garden where the robins used to sing. The twilight 
hymn of peace floated over our slumbers then, and the 
mother saw the angels ascending and descending the 
ladder of Jacob, herself standing on the topmost round, 
looking, through faith, into heaven. Though the 
world moves on, and the past grows dim, we can some- 
times turn an old picture of by-gone days from the wall 
that will change to gold again the edge of fading recol- 
lection." 

" Have you ever sat, when the winds swung low 
Through the quivering heat of the summer's glow. 
With folded hands, in a darkened room. 
And silently watched amid the gloom 



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A ray of light when the specks of dust 
Sifted and fell like a golden rust ? 

" Have you ever remembered the old sweet times 
When the blossoms clung thick to the scented limes. 
When the snows of December were leaves of June 
To the heart whose chords were ever in tune. 
As you watched the dust through the shutter's chink 
In that golden sun-line sift and sink ? 

•« Did you ever sigh for the old content 
That came as a child, as a woman went — 
When nature was full of sweet surprise 
For every glance of childish eyes — 
When the meadow, the mountain, the wood and the sea 
Was each the most beautifiil thing that could be ? 

'•Did you ever sigh for this old content. 
As the sun through your chamber its golden glint sent ? 

" Do you ever forget, when you're dreaming so. 
That the winters must come, and the summers must go ? 
That the tireless hands uplifted to prove 
Necessity's strength, or the sweetness of love. 
Must fall, overwrought, in a useless way. 
And lie patiently folded some day — some day — 
As you watch that line in a darkened room 
Shimmer and shoot aslant the gloom ? 

"Did you ever think that this line of light 
That falls on the carpet so warm and bright 
May be like a hope that with shining mark 
Illumines a spot where life lies dark. 
And that the soul through the passing years 
Is sweeter made by its burden of tears ? 
You must have thought so when this drifting beam 
Divided the darkness with golden gleam. 

" Ladies, don't let us lose all of the old sentiment. 
We cannot live by it, but it sweetens life. Riches may 
pass in a night, a fine garment may cover an aching 
heart, beauty belongs to youth, and even a great mind 
may lead us astray by false philosophy, but give us 
character, which believes in the true, the beautiful, and 
the good within, and give us the capacity to glorify the 
common things of life, which we call sentiment, then 
we, even as the mothers of old, shall see the angels 
ascending and descending the ladder of Jacob." 

Among the many excellent pieces rendered was a 
sweet song entitled "The Message," composed by 
Professor Pasmore. The merits of the song were 
brought forth in a duet by Miss Beulah George, and 
Mrs. E. P. Collins, with Professor Pasmore as accom- 
panist. 

Later, Club Life will have the pleasure of pub- 
lishing the excellent paper by Mrs. L Lowenberg, en- 
titled "The Unsolved Problem," which was one of the 
interesting features of the admirable program. 

Jefferson Davis CHapter, U. D. C, No. 54-0 

The reunion of this Chapter on Wednesday, No- 
vember 12, 1902, occurred at the palatial residence of 
Mrs. Dougherty, 2517 Pacific Avenue. The hostess, 
after a business hour, entertained the members in real 
old Southern style. Refreshments daintily though gen- 
erously served proved an enjoyable feature of the after- 
noon. 

The president, Mrs. Van Wyck, who has just re- 
turned from the State Convention at Los Angeles, 
described much of its deliberations in detail, and was 
enthusiastic in praise of the charming hospitality ex- 
tended during her stay. She has recently been made 
president of the State or district of the Jefferson Davis 
Memorial Fund. 

The Memorial Committee reported having bestowed 

i flowers on the biers of two of our honorary members we 

are called upon to mourn — the late Judge Thornton, 

whose memory is dear to every Southerner, and Mrs. 

Baldwin of Oakland. 



Miss Sarah Daingerfield has arrived in New Orleans 
as a delegate from this Chapter to the National Conven- 
tion to be held in that city. 

California has been requested (in sympathy with the 
cause) to make contributions of their work and curios 
to the Richmond, Va., bazaar to be held in April and 
May for the benefit of the Jefferson Davis Memorial 
Fund. This Chapter will gladly receive any contri- 
bution. 

Two flags with a history were presented to the 
Chapter, the one made in Washington, D. C, in the first 
year of the war, intended for General Lee on his entrance 
to that city, and made under the strictest surveillance 
behind closed doors and with stufl^ed keyholes. It is 
three feet in length by one and a half in breadth, of 
heavy silk, the entire edge ornamented with embroidery, 
and is the counterpart of the " stars and bars." The two 
young ladies who constructed it are now in a convent in 
Washington, D. C, and gave it to Mrs. Young, who in 
turn presented it to us. 

The other is a smaller one and on a pivot stand. 
The lady whose clever fingers fashioned it was present, 
and briefly stated she made it at twelve years of age, 
when Ben Butler held New Orleans captive. Her work 
was done at night, and at early dawn, removing a piece 
of sod, the little flag was concealed in a box and buried 
underneath a rose bush in the garden. 

The Chapter is going forward in its good work, and 
one of its latest praiseworthy acts was the reunion of an 
old Confederate soldier with an only child, from whom 
he had become separated. Letters read yesterday from 
them showed gratitude and unspeakable joy. 

Miss Heminway was made State secretary, and the 
Chapter feels proud of the honor bestowed. 

The next, the last meeting of the year, will be held 
on the second Wednesday of December (the loth). 

V. B. H. 



We are showing a varied and elegant line of 

(Barment0 

for the holiday season 

&nfc. QSIooUn anb l^elbet 2LQIai0t£( ; 
|2eBltfffC0. flDcc00inB feacqueg, 
i^o0icrp. I^antikfrc!)it£0. Cl)il» 
tiren'0 iaDre00e0. Cloak0 anti ^at0 

Also in receipt of new desig^ns of French 
Hand-madk Outfits for ladies, children 
and infants. 

This line of exclusive st>'les was made by 
the foremost Parisian manufacturers. 




918^922 (QUrftet street 

^an SranciBCo 



3] 



^■■BH 



California International Sunshine 

The most enjoyable event of the past month was 
the card party given to the Alden Club by Mrs. George 
W. Caswell, the State treasurer. The affair was in 
honor of Miss Florence Benjamin, Chairman of the 
Decorating Committee, who will leave soon to spend 
the winter in New York. 

After the game, a delicious supper was served and 
there were toasts and impromptu speeches, and altogether 
it was a very happy occasion. Each member felt she 
had carried away a prize in the exquisite tally cards, 
designed and decorated by the hostess. 

These entertainments given to the club seem an 
added inspiration for faithful work and the members are 
now making plans to aid a young woman who has met 
with much trouble and misfortune. The young woman 
has dressed a beautiful doll which the club will try to 
dispose of by Christmas. The doll is most daintily 
gowned in pink, and each article of clothing is a specimen 
of fine needlework. 

For particulars apply to Miss Jennie McFarland, 
vice-president Alden Club, 1738 Washington Street. 
Besides organized work much is being done individually 
for Sunshine. Each day brings added encouragement 
to this rapidly growing society. Some are paying their 
dues in money, and others in ways equally valuable. 
All are doing good work. A member who has recently 
joined — Miss Katherine Miller — has paid her dues by 
contributing stenography and typewriting; another gives 
stamps, another has ofi^ered her talent for dramatic 
entertainments, and still another gives one day each week 
in serving. It would be hard to say which is most 
appreciated. 

Word comes from the Roseleaf Branch, at Santa 
Barbara, that members are caring for a bedridden in- 
valid who has been pronounced incurable. Does any 
one know of a home or institution where this woman 
could be cared for? If so, a message sent to Miss 
Louise Guber, 1624 Garden Street, Santa Barbara, 
would be gratefully received. 

The Golden Gate Club has issued tickets for the 
drawing of "Washington's Little Hatchet," to take 
place on February 22d, at the residence of the presi- 
dent. The object is to aid State work. Tickets may 
be obtained from Mrs. J. A. Davis, 176 Farallone St., 
Station L, San Francisco. 

The Escondido Sunshine Club has completed 
arrangements for "State Day," to be held all day and 
evening of December 5th. 

The hall will be decorated in four booths to repre- 
sent the seasons, and besides an attractive display of 
fancy articles, a delicious supper will be served and a 
musical program will add to the pleasure of the evening. 
We wish them every success in this first entertainment. 

A pleasant surprise has been received in the form 
of a check for $10 sent in by Mr. E. B. Spitler. 
Through the columns of Club Life Mr. Spitler be- 
came interested in the Sunshine work and his generous 
donation will give much substantial good cheer at this 
season. 

Corona Club 

The Corona Club had a large attendance at its last 
meeting, and is growing in working power and efficiency, 
being a study club par excellence. 

The current topics were led by Miss Partridge, 
and were discussed by Mrs. H. L. Seager, taking the 
"Work of Women's Clubs Abroad " as her topic, and 
Miss Van Bergen considering " Public Roads " and the 
new interest now taken in our great and small highways. 



The topic of the day was " Walter Scott as a Poet," 
Mrs. Cree T. Work giving his biography; Mrs. L. R. 
Tuttle presenting a synopsis of "The Lay of the Last 
Minstrel," with readings from it. Mrs. W. A. Hane 
then presented the" Fairy Lore of Loch Katrine,"" Fiery 
Cross," "Lady of the Lake." Several Scottish queens 
and customs, such as " First Footing," were described 
by Mrs. John K. Jessup, which closed a very enjoyable 
program. 

TKe Contemporary Club 

The Contemporary Club, under the guidance of its 
energetic president, Mrs. Florence A. Kendall, entered 
upon the fourth month of the year with the discussion of 
"Household Economics," ably led by Mrs. C. H. Ward. 
The second meeting of the month was devoted to " The 
Men Who Shaped Our Country," equally well handled 
by Mrs. R. H. Pratt. 

To foster impromptu speaking only one written 
paper is given a day, general discussion following. A 
short drill on Parliamentary Law is also a feature of 
each meeting. 

Although a small club and primarily awake to the 
needs of the individual within its portals, this organiza- 
tion is making itself felt along broad practical lines of 
work. 

To the Woman's Council it carried the work of 
organizing the "Consumers' League" of San Francisco. 

Two traveling libraries have been donated and 
sent to interior towns this year. 

The Committee on History and Landmarks of 
California, acting for the San Francisco District of the 
State Federation, is collecting valuable data. 

A Committee on Civics has been appointed and is 
ready for active work. 

The one meeting in December will be devoted to 
the consideration of the question, "Shall Women Cul- 
tivate the Smoking Habit?" led by Mrs. F. M. 
Malloye. 

The Papyrus Club 

"The Papyrus Club" held its first Social Day No- 
vember 13th in " Utopia Hall." 

The members treated their guests to a most delight- 
ful afternoon, and gave an exhibition of the progress 
they have made in the art of story telling, parrying with 
repartee, and the giving of humorous toasts. The la- 
dies are so at home in their witty remarks, that the pres- 
ence of strangers in their midst does not in the least teaze 
them. We expect much from this club ; surely its 
members are making rapid strides toward the sunny side 
of life, and it is beautiful to note how they carry the rays 
to their homes and there enliven the inmates by the do- 
ings of the afternoon. With each meeting these ladies 
grow mentally broader, in fact they have come to the con- 
clusion that too many waste their lives and fritter away 
their womanhood in the everlasting query : " What'll 
they think?" They will not permit such narrowness to 
hamper their souls, and they will not do just as the 
prigs do ; indeed they cry out upon them and all their ret- 
inue : " Let us have done with 'What'll they think?'" 
and bury it with the corpses of the bowing, scraping, 
cringing and fawning of feudal days and universal slave 
ages. Added to the members' program were five clas- 
sical piano solos by little Maurice Kobb, the child genius, 
pupil of Mrs. Oscar Mansfeldt; two vocal solos by one 
of the members, Miss Millie Flynn, accompanied by 
Miss Gertrude Wheeler ; and clever monologue work 
by Captain W. G. Leale. This brought to a close one 
of the most interesting days of the club's existence. 
The next meeting will take place Thursday, December 
lath, at three o'clock. 



[4 




BY BESSIE TRACY SMITH 

I was invited to join three other fellows for a 
week's cruise on board a yacht. We were fortunate, in 
starting, to have a brisk wind, and sailed down the river 
at such a speed that by evening we had reached a most 
beautiful place, where the trees overhung the bank and 
beneath which were trailing vines, ferns and mosses. At 
this enchanting spot we decided to anchor for the night. 
We noticed through the trees, about one hundred feet 
from shore, a spacious-looking dwelling. The night was 
perfect, the moon was full and we all sat on deck spin- 
ning stories, smoking our pipes, and thoroughly enjoying 
ourselves. 

We had noticed there were no lights in the house 
mentioned, and, wondering if it could be a deserted one, 
resolved the next day to investigate, as it seemed to 
stand alone. Our speaking of the possibility of its being 
a deserted house, put into Will Maddock's head a story 
of a lovely girl he once knew, who with her father had 
mysteriously disappeared from a lonely island. Will 
said they lived alone on this island, and the only boat 
they could have used was found tied securely to the 
shore. The house and island were thoroughly searched 
but not a trace of them could be found. The doors of 
the house were wide open and the remnants of a meal 
upon a table. There were no animals of any kind on 
the island, and no vessels called there, with the exception 
of a little schooner, which visited them once a month, and 
it was the captain of this schooner who reported the dis- 
appearance of father and daughter. 

Will had just finished this gruesome tale when we 
were startled by the most blood-curdling screams I have 
ever heard. We sprang to our feet and scanned the 
shore to find if possible where the cries came from. 
Our eyes were at once riveted upon that house, for there, 
at one of the upper windows, stood the most beautiful 
woman it had ever been our good fortune to gaze upon. 
The bright moonlight falling upon her, we could see 
plainly she was clothed in a loose gown, with her jet 
black curly hair falling over her shoulders and her hands 
clasped in front of her, while scream after scream rent 
the air. 

" My God!" exclaimed Will, " that is the girl I 
was telling you about." 

Quicker than 1 can tell you we had the boat 
lowered and were pulling for the shore. It did not 
take us long to reach the house. The door stood open 
and up the stairs we flew to the chamber from which 
we could still hear those piercing screams. You can 
imagine our surprise upon reaching the room to find 
it empty. We searched the house and grounds thor- 
oughly ; not a being could we find, nor even a trace 
of a human being. We rowed back to the yacht a very 
much baffled crowd. The following night was a repeti- 
tion of the night before. We then decided that the 
next night we would take up our quarters in that house 
and clear the mystery if possible. 

The third night, after dinner, we rowed over to 
the house taking with us a plentiful supply of whisky 



and tobacco to cheer us up. We gathered in the (^£u{ 
deserted dining-room of the house and built a rousing ^ ,^ 
fire in the fireplace. We spent the evening telling all ^ifC 
the cheerful stories we could think of. About half 
after eleven we drew lots to decide which two of us 
should go to the mysterious room and wait until twelve 
for the lady. The lot fell to Will Maddock and John 
Brooks. They left us at the hour or half hour men- 
tioned, and I assure you we all looked rather white and 
wished ourselves back on the yacht. Harry Clark and 
I sat after the two had left us, and tried to laugh at it 
all as a huge joke, but I fear our laughter was rather 
weak. At the stroke of twelve came again those ter- 
rible screams. Harry and I started on the run for 
the room. We were terrified upon opening the door 
at seeing our two friends both stretched out on the 
floor as if dead. We looked around the room but 
there was not a sign of another being. I rushed to a 
stand that was in the room, and procuring some water, 
dashed it in the faces of our two friends, and to our 
great relief they soon recovered from what proved to 
be only a faint. When they were fully revived, they 
told us that at twelve, the girl, who was beautiful beyond 
description, floated into the room and went straight to 
the window, where she emitted those terrible shrieks. 
They followed her and saw two men on the lawn below 
fighting, and as they gazed breathlessly upon the scene, 
the younger of the two was killed; then the lady seemed 
to float out of the window and they knew no more. 

We searched again that house and the grounds, 
but could not find a trace of any one. We inquired of 
the nearest neighbors who had lived in that vicinity for 
at least thirty years, but they could not tell us even to 
whom the property belonged, or how long it had stood 
vacant. When we told them our experience, they 
laughed at us and said the place was not haunted, and 
that what we had seen was probably caused by our 
whisky not being above proof. 

We were obliged to sail for home the next day 
without clearing the mystery of that house. Strange 
to say, since that night not one of us four can bear 
even the smell of whisky, still we are certain that the 
neighbors were wrong, and that it was the house and 
not our excellent "above proof" whisky that is account- 
able for this ghost story. 

Daughters of the California Pioneers 

Monday afternoon, November 17th, Pioneer Hall 
was filled with the Daughters of the California Pioneers 
and their guests. 

Mrs. Horace Wilson read a paper entitled " Uncut 
Leaves." A most piquant and entertaining story, en- 
tirely original. Much pleasure was evinced at the de- 
lightful manner in which it was given. The program 
closed with a solo entitled " Violets," which was sweetly 
rendered by Miss May Shannon, and a violin solo by 
Miss Rose Lane. Both ladies were enthusiastically en- 
cored. 

Temperature for Mental WorK 

Dr. B. Ward Richardson found, after long experi- 
ment and practice, that 64 degrees F. is the best tem- 
perature in which to conduct mental labor. If the 
temperature falls much below this, the mind becomes 
drowsy and inactive ; if it rises much above this, there is 
a relaxed state of the body and mind which soon leads 
to fatigue and exhaustion. It is important that the tem- 
perature be the same in all parts of the room, and that it 
be steadily maintained. 



5] 



YOU WEAR TJfJ/jPf'7!)P/Jf "f ^"'"' "'' ^''^' 
WE MAKE _____^_^____. or Silk or Woo! 

The result : We are m the htit position to suit your wishes, and 
if you gire ui a trial| you may join the host of pleased customers 
akeady on our list. Our Ladies* Golf Jackets and Vests are 
meeting with great favor and we arc rushed with orders for them 



In/ants' SiU Httdt tnd 
C0fif Gtnts' and B»ji* 
Gym, Suiti^ 5wtaUr$^ 
ttt.^ Sftrtlmg G»tds. 



knitJtingco. 



60 OEARY STREET 

Sin Frantisco, Cl\. 
Geodi dtlivfrtd Frf in 
Oakland^ jflmmtda and 
Btrktltj. 



'^^^OSQi/T^' 



Jief^me --^ $3.50 



EXCLUSIVE WOMEN'S SHOE STORE 



Ladies' Shoes Polished Free 



1 14 Grant Ave., San Francisco, North of Geary Street 






Cures 
headaches 



J GOOD BRACER when troubled 
with Headaches or that Tired Feeling 

"o" SEASICKNESS 
NERVOUSNESS 
NEURALGIA 

NERVOUS DYSPEPSIA 

Price, 10 cts., 15 ctj., 50 ctj. and $1.00 Bottles 
SOLD EVERYWHERE 



Mechini & Corrieri 

Manufacturers of Fine Art Statuary; Models, Busts and Moulds cast 
for schools of design 

616 Post Street, bet. Taylor and Jones Sts., S. F. 

T'U/* T ^^Ac YT\/ 568 GEARY STREET 
i nC JUOUIS y\.l V Between Taylor and Jones 

For Rarest Art Curios ; Miniature Paintings by Rubens, Rosa Bonheur, Darid Duel, 
Etc.; Brass, Pewters, Porcelain and Potteries, Indian Baskets, Blankets, European 
Draperies and Laces, Choice Anti()ue Jewels 

BUYS, SELLS AND EXCHANGES 
C. y. Miller Phone Polk 1541 



SHEET MUSIC '.■ Agent lor the Henry F. Miller Piano, Boston 
Expert Tuning and Repairing a Specialty 



Phone 
PoLit 3984 



C. S. ENGLE 



DEALER IN 

HIGH-GRADE 



Over 20 years' experience with leading manufacturers 
Ten years with Steiiiway & Sons, N. Y 



PIANOS 

1530 Polk St., near Sacramento, S. F., Cal. 

Rl^ • iTf* Designer and manufacturer of 

. rSujannoii fine jewelry 




ALBERT HOEFLICH 

Importer and Manufacturer of 

High Class Furs and Fur Garments 

1 16 Grant Avenue, near Post Street, San Francisco. 

Telephone Red 3755. 

DR. OSCAR L. GRUGGEL, Chiropodist 



Hours : 9 to 5:30 



14A Geary Street, San Francisco 



Telephone Black 3733 



A. GADNER ♦** 

VIENNA LADIES' AND MERCHANT TAILOR 



Telephone Scoll 175 
Flrit-cUti Rcferencci 



Bet. Pine ind Californii 



2012 Fillmore Street 



SAN FRANCISCO 




... THE... 

Vamato 

432 

Sutter 
Street 

Below 
Powell 

SAN FRANCISCO 



A LARGE COLLECTION OF 



yapanese Prints and Illustrated Books 



BY OLD MASTERS ' 



B. KOBAYASHI, R""" 9. mi post street 



SAN FRANCISCO 



KOSAI : Japanese Artist 

VISITORS CORDIALLY INVITED 
TO INSPECT SHOWROOMS 

572 SUTTER STREET San Francisco, Cal. 



Main Offices, Kioto anij Yokohama, Japan 



Telephone Red 41) 



cy/ /I 7 • 224 Poit Street, above Grant Ave. 

1 fJ6 xlSClul San Francisco 

Japanese Embroidery and Drawn Work a Specialty. Japanese Curios and Art Goods 

Antique and Modernj Hand Paintings in Water-colors 

Valuable Collection of Old Prints 

nPU^ "^7"^ —^^^-.^Ui 219 Post St., aboveGtantAre. 
Ine YamanaSni San FrancUco, Cal. 

Antique and New Japanese Curios and Fine Art Blue Ware, 

Bronte, Porcelain, Satsuma, Lacquer Ware, Cloisonne, Brass Ware, 
Telephone Red 4Sti Old Brocade, Prints, Embroidery and Drawn Work, Etc. 

T. Z. SHIOTA 

JAPANESE ART GOODS AND ANTIQUE STORE 

Rare Old Japanese Prints 
533 Dupont Street, near California Street, San Francisco, Cal. 



Telephone Brown I 



MAIN OFFICE 



THE 



Fill tors are invited to inspect vr^,r tut 4 

.^/ YOKOHAMA 
our fine and select Japanese 

HINOMOTO Emb. Cloisonne. Purses tvith J^P^N 

2 1 7 Geary Street nctsuke and Art Goods. All , „ „ 

Japan Tea Room 
Next door to Peacock Caft ^/„^^ of KimonOS OUr Specialty. 

SAN FRANCISCO ^0«' Oi>£W 

Sing Fat & Co. 

Imporlcn, Wholeiale and Retail Dealers in 

Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods 

614 DufONT Stieet Neit to St. Mary's Church San Francisco, Cal, 

SUN KAM IF AH &> CO. 

COMMISSION MERCHANTS 

imtort,r,andD.aUr,in Q/jj^g^g ^Tid "Japanese Fancy Goods 

Tlf-KWOtKi^ TEAS, ETC. 

7/6 Dupont Street, San Francisco. P. O. Box 2314. 

Ttlephone China 14. 

CHY LUNG & CO ^"""''''"' •^^° 

Direct Importers of Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods. All Varieties 
of Silks and Grass Cloth, and Every Kind of Choice Oriental Curios 

640 Sacramento St., San Francisco, Cal. 



SWEET SINGING, WARBLING 

CANARIES 

Cases, Seeds, Qoldfish, Dogs and Pet 
Stock of all kinds 




W. BARTELS, IS46 Market St. 



[6 




Library correspondence may be addressed, respectively, to the following named persons, who 
are Vice-Chairmen of Libraries and Portfolios. 



R. Patch, 



Northern District— Mrs. Marion M. Oliver, Paradise, Butte County. 
Alameda District— Mrs. C. B. Breck, 1531 Arch Street, Berkeley. 
Los Angeles District— Mrs. D. B. Sessions, 1 42 1 South Hill Street, Los Angeles. 
San Joaquin District— Mrs. O. C. Conley, Bakersfield. 
San Diego District— Mrs. S. C. Evans, Jr., Orange Street, Riverside. 
State Chairman and ex officio Vice-Chairman San Francisco District— Miss Susanne 
1521 Clay Street, San Francisco. 

Courage is the power of being mastered by and possessed 
with an idea. — Phillips Brooks. 



The Oregon State Federation of Women's Clubs 
is liaving a long conflict in securing a good general 
library law in their State. After several years of earnest 
effort to arouse the interest of women's clubs, communi- 
ties and legislators, a carefully drawn bill was presented 
to the Legislature two years ago. The prospects seemed 
favorable for its passage, but, unfortunately, an amend- 
ment was insisted on in the House which deprived the 
measure of its vital power. This amendment fixed the 
maximum amount which could be annually raised by 
taxation in any incorporated city at one-fifth of a rnill on 
the dollar — a rate so absurdly small as to forbid any 
action being taken for the establishment of libraries in 
the little cities of the State. 

The Federation, then accepting the limitation of the 
amendment on the principle that a fraction of a loaf was 
better than none, will, at the coming session, put forth 
their utmost exertions to remove the one-fifth mill re- 
striction. If they are successful, there seems to be no 
reason why Astoria, Oregon City, Salem, Eugene, Albany, 
Pendleton and many other small cities cannot start and 
maintain flourishing libraries. 

The injurious effects of this restriction were plainly 
evident in Portland, when that city was unable to meet 
Mr. Carnegie's requirement of an annual tax of $10,000 
to secure his offered donation of $100,000, because that 
under the restrictions the library tax would yield but 
$8,000. Small as this sum is for the needs of a city of 
110,000 people, the public library directors are doing 
their best to make every dollar perform its full duty. 
They have leased the library and building owned by the 
Portland Library Association, have made it free, and are 
drawing the children and people of Portland in large 
numbers to the attractive rooms — a privilege never be- 
fore within their grasp. These results in Portland, insuf- 
ficient as they are, justify a feeling of satisfaction in the 
labors of the past and determination for the future to 
the resolute spirits of the Oregon State Federation. 

Then, again, Oregon is to be congratulated on hav- 
ing acquired, two years ago, a school library law. The 
bill as drafted by the State superintendent of public 
instruction was, like our existing California School 
Library Law, compulsory in its terms, but the intense 
conservatism of Oregon was not prepared for such an 
innovation and a compromise had to be accepted. As 
the law now stands, the county court may, at its dis- 
cretion, authorize a levy of ten cents for each school 
child in a given county for school library purposes. 
Slowly one county after another is accepting its provisions. 



San Joaquin District 

The work of the Traveling Library Committee in 
the San Joaquin Valley is fruitful of far better results 
than could have been hoped for. The district vice-chair- 
man assumed the duties of office under conditions which 
made it impossible to bring to bear the enthusiasm which 
is usually required to launch successfully a new enter- 
prise. The idea is one, however, which seems to need 
only to be suggested, to meet with a ready response. 

A very hastily prepared circular sent to the clubs 
in the district brought in prompt responses from the fol- 
lowing: 

The Parlor Lecture Club of Fresno, the Woman's 
Club of Hanford, the Nineteenth Century Round Table 
Club of Hanford, the Reedley Culture Club, the Shakes- 
peare Club of Tulare, the Shakespeare Club of Hanford, 
the Woman's Club of Lemoore, the Woman's Club of 
Bakersfield and the Woman's Club of Kern. 

The president of each club was asked to appoint 
one member to serve on the district committee and to 
have charge especially of the library work of her own 
club. This has been done so far as is known, and the 
following named ladies represent their clubs in the order 
in which they were mentioned above: Mrs. Abbie 
Nourse, Mrs. D. L. Phillips, Mrs. Esther L. Birkbeck, 
Miss Minnie Barrican, Mrs. C. J. Walker, Mrs. F. V, 
Dewey, Mrs. A. B. Buckner, Mrs. A. Weill and Mrs. 
Cross. 

Mrs. Weill of Bakersfield has one library ready to 
send to Randsburg. She also has another which needs 
only to be boxed for shipping before it can go on its way. 

The Woman's Club of Kern assisted the Bakers- 
field Club with their first collection and now have one 
of their own ready for shipment. 

One who has never traveled over any part of the 
vast territory which lies remote from railroads can 
scarcely appreciate the joy with which a new book or 
magazine is hailed and the extent to which it is often cir- 
culated among acquaintances. Those who are familiar 
with country life in California can imagine what it will 
mean to the communities so fortunate as to receive these 
little collections of books. 

More homes will be made brighter this season in 
this way than could have been accomplished by any 
other action on the part of the State Federation. It is 
one of the means by which a trifling sacrifice on the part 
of club members can be made to accomplish a vast 

amount of good. r- r^ n x,.^„ 

° Clara Chapin Conley. 



7] 




Saturday Club 

The Saturday Club held a most interesting meeting 
in Masonic Hall on the afternoon of November 8th. 
Mrs. Louise McC. Gavigan, the much-loved secretary, 
read a clever paper illustrating the achievements and out- 
lining the plans of this progressive club. 

The musical program was exceptional, even for the 
Saturday Club, whose excellent attainments on previous 
occasions have led us to expect great things, and we can 
justly say we have never been disappointed. 

"Artist Day" at the Saturday Club, on November 
22d, attracted a brilliant assemblage of members and 
guests. An extremely pleasing song and violin recital 
called forth hearty approval. Young artists from San 
Francisco were Una Wilfreda Fairweather and Ethel 
Grant Scott, with Mrs. Charles Neal and Mrs. Emil 
Steinman at the piano. 



PROGRAM 



1 (a) "Sapphic Ode" . 

(b) "Songs My Mother Taught Me" 

(c) " Sea Slumber Song " 

2 "Reverie" 

3 " Maiden Blossoms " 

(a) "Cornflower" 

(b) " Poppy " 

4 (a) "Ballade" 

(b) "Allegro Maestoso" (A minor concerto) 

5 (a) "Prelude" 

(b) " Hochsummer " .... 

(c) " Long Ago, Sweetheart Mine " . 

(d) " On the Way to Kew " 

6 (a) " Evening Star " ("Tannhauser " ) 
(b) " Mazurka " . . . . 



. . Brahms 

Dvorak 

Elgar 

Vieuxtemps 

Richard Strauss 

(c) "Ivy" 

(d) "Waterlily" 



Rechfeld 
de Berlot 

Locker 

Fickenscher 

MacDowell 

. Foote 

. Wagner 
Musin 



Tuesday Club. The Foresters Building was 
filled to overflowing, notwithstanding the storm No- 
vember 1 8th, with the members and guests of the 
Tuesday Club to hear Dr. McClish on " Mental and 
Emotional Hospitality." After the lecture, tea was 
served by the ladies. In the evening " His Seer and 
His Vision " attracted many to the Methodist Church. 

The next meeting will take place December id, 
when the club will celebrate its birthday in great style. 

TKe Ringsley Art Club is studying the 
history of German art and at the same time taking up 
the literature of the country beginning with the 15th 
century. 

The next meeting will be held at the home of Mrs. 
Purnell on December ist. 

THe Griggs Club met Wednesday, Novem- 
ber 19th. The ladies are very much interested in the 
study of Homer's "Odyssey" and the essays of 
iEschylus this winter, and hold their meetings weekly. 

The Junior Saturday Club. The mem- 
bers of the Junior Saturday Club are showing great in- 
terest in the club work this year, each meeting having a 
large attendance. New names are being brought in at 
each meeting, there now being a membership of forty. 

The program of the last meeting, November T5th, 
was as follows: 



1. " Life of Beethoven " 

Olive Sheehan. 

2. "Elegie," op. 88 - - - Nollet. 

Emma Newman. 

3. "Consolation" - _ - - Liszt. 

B. Leslie Genung. 

4. " Serenade Mauresque " - Jungman. 

Lulu Schmauss. 

5. "Second Mazurka" - - B. Godard 

Nila Landers. 

6. " Tarantelle," op. 85, No. 2 - Heller 

Edith Hanmer. 

7. " Pilgrim's Chorus," from Tannhauser, Wagner. 

Hulda Engstrom. 

8. " Bridal Procession " - - - Grieg. 

Estelle Burns. 

9. "Coronado" _ _ - L. B. Ewen. 

Nellie Osgood. 

Ladies' Choral Society. An election of 
officers took place at the last meeting and the following 
appointed: Mrs. F. M. Jones, president; Miss Eda 
Quire, vice-president; Mrs. Edna Wylie, secretary; 
Miss Gertie Mealand, treasurer; Miss Gertie Tappan, 
librarian; Mrs. Modler, director. Considerable en- 
thusiasm over the fact that with the assistance of the 
male chorus the society will give "The Prodigal Son," 
Sullivan, some time in February. The concert held in 
St. Paul's Parish House was a great success, "Naza- 
reth" and "Unfold Ye Portals" being splendidly ren- 
dered. 

A Sacramento Club-woman of Note 

The Saturday Club and the Tuesday Club are 
proud to count among their members the gifted author. 
Miss Virna Woods, who has recently been attracting at- 
tention by her success as a playwright. 

Miss Woods's name has for some years been known 
all over the country and across the sea, as she has con- 
tributed to leading periodicals in America and England. 
Noticeable in her magazine work are descriptive poems 
that give beautiful pictures of scenery and life in Cali- 
fornia. She has published one poetical work, "The 
Amazons," a lyrical drama, which William E. Gladstone 
admired so much that he wrote a personal letter to Miss 
Woods expressing his appreciation and pleasure in read- 
ing the book. 

In the field of fiction Miss Woods has furnished to 
the public the novels, "A Modern Magdalene," "An 
Elusive Lover," "Jason Hildreth's Identity," and nu- 
merous serial and short stories in leading periodicals. 
"An Elusive Lover" had the distinction of republica- 
tion in England. 

Miss Woods is a broad student of letters, and, be- 
lieving that the drama is the highest form of literature, is 
now devoting her time to playwriting. Her first play, 
"Horatius," a Roman tragedy in blank verse, was writ- 
ten for the eminent tragedian, Frederick Warde, and pro- 
duced by him last season with marked success. The 
critics predict that the play will become a stage classic 
and outlive its author many generations. They pro- 
nounce it to be not only of great literary value, but also 
perfectly adapted to the stage, its situations and move- 
ment being intensely dramatic, and every word suited to 
the action. 

After seeing the play in Sacramento, the women's 
clubs of the city tendered a reception to Miss Woods 
and Mr. Warde in the Senate Chamber of the State Cap- 
itol. The beautiful and stately room presented a bril- 
liant appearance, decorated with palms and ferns and 
brightened by the fashionably dressed throng. Music 
was discoursed by the orchestra and addresses were made 



[8 



i 



by Miss Woods and Mr. Warde, introduced by Mrs. 
Weinstock and Mrs. Colgan, presidents of the Kingsley 
Art Club and the Tuesday Club. The clubs also pre- 
sented beautiful baskets of flowers to Miss Woods on 
the night of her ovation at the theater. 

Miss Woods has a new play on the stage this sea- 
son. Mr. Traitel, who was Mr. Warde's manager at 
the time that her first play was produced, asked her to 
write a play founded on Ouida's " Strathmore," in which 
to star Miss Virginia Drew Trescott, the lady who played 
the mother of Horatius. The new play, which is called 
" Lord Strathmore," is a society drama and gives a pow- 
erful portrayal of modern life. Every part is either a 
strong emotional role or a distinct character sketch. That 
the same brain could evolve the classic beauty of " Ho- 
ratius " and could also create a drama of the intense 
modern interest of "Lord Strathmore" is evidence of 
the unusual versatility of the author. 

Although Miss Woods is an indomitable worker 
and spends a great portion of her time in her study, she 
is an interested attendant of club meetings ; and while a 
diligent student in her literary work, she does not neglect 
the social life of the capital city. 

She has traveled extensively in the United States 
and Canada ; but most of her descriptive work portrays 
the beauties of California scenery. But while an enthus- 
iastic lover of the beautiful in nature, she has nothing of 
the disposition of the hermit, and is never so happy as 
when she is threading the streets of a large city, or shar- 
ing in its social and intellectual pleasures, feeling herself 
in the midst of the stream of life. To her the miles of 
streets and the towering buildings of a great city speak 
of the toil and the aspiration and the achievements of 
man; and she is fond of quoting in her defense a line of 
Byron with the words transposed: "I love not nature 
less, but man the more." Another of her favorite lines 
is "The proper study of mankind is man"; and the re- 
sults of this study of her fellow men appear in the 
strong human qualities of the people of her brain. 

Miss Woods was born in Ohio, but has lived a 
number of years in California and is enthusiastically in 
love with her adopted State. She is of fine old stock, 
being a descendant of the famous Harrison family of 
Virginia, which has furnished a signer of the Declaration 
of Independence, and two Presidents to the United States. 
The following lines are selected from Miss Woods's 

magazine work : 

LIFE. 

This way he passed; I saw his shadow fall. 

If shadow it might be that brightness shed 

Adown the tangled path, where lightly sped 
His glancing feet; I heard his mellow call. 
Then caught a glimpse of nymph and bacchanal 

(Or so they seemed), from Arcady long fled. 

A glory lingered from his haloed head. 
Through thymy dell and thorny-thicket wall, 

Lo! I have followed all the mazy way. 
And overtake him, hid in covert deep; 
The nymphs are gone, and see! he lies asleep; 

But oh, the pity! he is old and gray; 
His cheeks are furrowed with tears he learned to weep. 

His garments stained with travel of the day. 
— Magazine of Poetry (First Prize in contest). 

Mrs. H. Weinstock of Sacramento was the first to re- 
spond to the call for traveling libraries for the N orthern Dis- 
crict, giving a library of thirty volumes and many magazines. 
"Wild Roses of California" 

A dainty dress of green and white covered with 
rosebuds binds Grace Hibbard's little volume of verse 
just issued and for sale to the public. The poems, 
which are miscellaneous, are well selected, and will prove 
I decided drawing card in everybody's stock of Christ- 
mas gifts. A Dainty Book for Dainty People. 




THe Conversion of an Unbeliever 

BY MRS. THOS. W. COLLINS 
(Read before the Laurel Hall Club) 

The old clock, whose 
cracked loquacity told oflF the 
hours on the ancient dial, was 
just striking the hour of 
twelve, when Aunt Betsy 
climbed the stairs with a feel- 
ing of complacency over a well- 
rounded morning. It had 
been doughnut day with Aunt 
Betsy and a momentous one 
in the household, for Matthew, 
Mark, Luke and John, by se- 
cret and persistent attacks 
upon the fruit of her labors, 
had managed to fill out their 
'own waistcoats and bring 
about a state of garrulity from 
Aunt Betsy which reminded 
that good lady that he who governed his temper was 
better than he who ruled a city. Aunt Betsy was a dear, 
quaint body of the old school, whose life had been 
summed up in the performance of household duties, 
running through the gamut of the week, from washing 
on Monday, though the skies fell, each day told off like 
a bead upon a rosary, with a prayer for strength, to Sat- 
urday's cleaning, winding up with a drill on the Ten 
Commandments, and the family bath. Admonitions 
many and varied were given to Matthew, Mark, Luke 
and John, with hickory ointment for the good of their 
souls applied with neatness and despatch, and spread 
thick with doses of catechism. 

Dear Aunt Betsy, serene in the consciousness of 
accomplished good, sank into the depths of the ancient 
rocker and gave herself up to the restfulness of self- 
abandonment. Without, it was a day of storm. Alow, 
continuous patter played upon the fallen leaves and 
withered weeds upon the hills, as though the wind were 
weeping. Low ripples ran along the tops of the sum- 
mer's dying grasses, and silence fell between the birds; 
no sound of footsteps in the street, and quiet in the 
world save moaning wind and monotone of falling rain. 
Within, it was a day of peace. Tabby, whose lazy 
length had been polished by unremitting effort, purred 
a soft contentment, and sought by a gentle clawing to 
win a show of favor from Aunt Betsy, who was inwardly 
reviewing the backward pathway of her life, and out- 
wardly gazing upon the storm. Now, it had often been 
in my mind to sound Aunt Betsy upon the trend of 
modern times, and just now the conditions seemed favor- 
able for successful discussion ; so, quoth I, "Aunt Betsy, 
do you believe in women's clubs?" 

Aunt Betsy stiffened in a way that relegated Tabby 
to a far corner, and the " No ! " that made the cap frill 
tremble was not to be mistaken. The husking bee and 
the quilting party were far better clubs in her eyes, and 
the glamour of the departed Dutch oven and spinning 
wheel filled her mind with a golden glory that no modern 
ill-smelling gas stove and sewing machine could dissi- 
pate. For a woman to lift her voice in a crowded 
assembly was a disgrace not to be tolerated in her day, 
and the girl who went gid-gadding off to clubs to show 
her smart frock and drink tea with lime juice in it would 
better be home stringing peppers. It was plain to be 
seen that Aunt Betsy was getting wound up, and that 
my instinct as to this being a propitious occasion had 
been misleading ; so, gently, through the pauses of the 
rain, as we sing a child to sleep, I told Aunt Betsy the 



9] 



Cfu6 




Designers of Artistic Frames 

LATEST PUBLICATIONS OF PHOTOS, 
PLATINOS, ETCHINGS, ORIGINAL 
WATER COLORS AND OIL PAINTINGS 

Schussler Bros* 

Starr King Bldg., II9-J2I Geary Street 

Phone Main 5562 
Old gold and silver taken in exchange M. KLICH, Anliquar 

Ye Olde German Curiosity Shop 

All kinds of Antiques, Silver Ware, Bronze, Porcelain, Old Embroidery, 
Brie a-Brac. Etc., bought, sold and exchanged 

525 DUPONT STREET 
Bet. Pine and California San Francisco, California 

LADIES ARE INFITED 

To inspect our large and select stock of 
Suits, Cloaks, Furs, Feather Boas, 
Waists, Etc., which can be purchased 
for $i.oo a week at regular cash prices 

STANDARD OUTFITTING CO. 

220 GRANT AVE. 223 SUTTER ST. 

Over The D. Samuels Lace House Co. 

J. S. DODGE CO. 

^'^P^^l Stationers and Engravers, 209 Post Street 

Do not confound us with business heretofore carried 
on by the Dodge Stationery Co. under the name 
"Dodge's" at 112 Post Street and 123 Grant Ave. 
in this city 

GLOBE BAKERY Telephone Geary 438 

Home-Made Bread, Cakes and Pies 

Scotch Short-Bread and Oat Cakes 

2027 FrLLMORE Street : : : 3065 Sixteenth Street 





LA^K^ BKR 




California Bottling Co. 

SOLE BOTTLERS 

Aiidrtfsi 

Harrison Street, near Ninth 

Phone South 148 SAN FRANCISCO 




Loewenthal's 



Taih 



or 



For 

Men and Women 

914 Market Street 
SAN FRANCISCO 



H.E. SkinnerCo. 

Cafe Royal Building 



801 Market Street 



PING PONG 

Indian Blankets and 
BASKETS 

Hunting and Fishing Suits 
and Footwear for Ladies 

Please notice our removal to Cafe 
Royal Building, cor. Market and Fourth 




Mercey Water 

Bottled at the Mercey Hot Springs, Fresno Co. 

Is a wonderful cure for painful 
and irregular menstruations 

Rheumatism, Stomach, Bladder and Kidney Troubles 
A Blood and Nerve builder. Nature's Tonic 

MERCEY MINERAL SPRING CO. 



Phone Jessie 3421 



18 McAllister Street 



MR. G. FLAMM 

has just returned from Europe 
with an assortment of 

London^ Paris^ Berlin 
and Vienna Models 

for the Autumn and Winter Seasons 
I4J^ Polk Street^ S. F. 

Miss M. L. Sweeney 

MILLINER 
Room 2g, 121 Post Street, San Francisco 

Fjturn Hun and Noi>e/ties a Specialty 
Phont RtJ S7-/? 

/ni^sXwIotef.U/ilUirrs 



flwTf* a.r?<J ill'ci?^'^tc!v 



•^awitdk Ati-d L^>T?p §li».d»4 



[10 



story of a little club I knew and how its influence upon 
women had been good. 1 told her how it was cradled 
in the Old Hall, whose great square sides each faced some 
beauty in nature that stirred the heart. East, the low- 
lands, starred with spring forget-me-nots, sloped to the 
bay, across whose shining waters forever and ever beck- 
oned the blue mountains. The good-night glint of the 
sun illumined some western slope beyond our ken. 
Northward the dark laurels stood and listened for the 
footsteps of the wind, then leaned and whispered myste- 
ries of that life we longed to enter. Southward the red- 
woods stood on some far hill, emblems of the strength 
and greatness we some time hoped to attain. Thus from 
meadow, tree top and hill always came the same song of 
life, life, life! Aunt Betsy heard how one day a bevy 
of girls in the old corridor formed the nucleus of a club 
we perpetuated later on, as matrons, and which we have 
grown to love and rely upon. Round it cluster women 
who give it their helpful thought and rich intelligence. 
We need each other. We are helped by the reflected 
light of stronger spirits than our own, and we travel the 
highway of life gathering sweetness from songs that are 
sung by others. 

"Aunt Betsy," said I, " there seems nothing sadder 
in life than to travel the backward path toward child- 
hood and find nothing but broken milestones or the 
dead ashes of fires long since gone out — no wayside 
flower that blooms from the seed we planted, no common 
life lifted a little way heavenward from a note we dropped 
from a summer song in passing. In this prosy, work-a- 
day world how many can look back where the childish 
feet have stepped over the border of school days and 
find that life has fulfilled its hopes ? The waves that 
play about our feet today break on a far-off shore tomor- 
row. The locust balm that fills the garden of our youth 
sweetens some life that is not our own. The fruit that 
hangs untouched by storm to the earth passes embittered, 
and lips that have uttered the fondest endearments pass 
into the long silence at the journey's end with oft scarce 
the memory of a kiss. On the common ground where 
mind meets mind, and thoughts are voiced for our own 
and others' good, a light may reach the fountain where 
tears lie deep, and illumine it with smiles. The wil- 
derness may bloom for those who never knew the per- 
fume of a flower, and the body that bends with toil 
to the ground may find a soul that soars above the 
clouds." 

Tabby opened her jaws and yawned, and Aunt 
Betsy, lulled by the sound of the soughing wind and the 
monotony of my voice, had wandered off to dreamland, 
and was settling the vexed question of clubs with the 
sandman. I looked at the worn old face and the 
patient fingers lying still, and thought how much energy 
of Aunt Betsy's life had been wasted in pots and pans 
and patches. If the old, old garments that hung among 
the rafters in the attic, long since given over to the moths 
and the dust, could speak, how many tender and beauti- 
ful thoughts that were woven in with the needle's thrust 
might have found a home in somebody's heart ! 

Just here Aunt Betsy stirred. " I have dreamed a 
dream of a battle," she said, "of a great war between an 
army of buttons and an army of thoughts " ; and then 
she told how the buttons fought fast and furiously, but 
senseless and inert, they could not reproduce themselves, 
but the thoughts grew and grew and overshadowed the 
world. " I see, my dear," Aunt Betsy said, " I have 
been the button woman, and my kind is passing away. 
I shall be remembered as the old mother who kept the 
hearthstone bright and lived in the shadow of little 
".hings. Build your clubs and grow upward into the 



sunlight; it will be better so. My day and generation 
are done." 

There is a single spot of blue growing bigger where 
the clouds divide, and above the sound of the flying wind 
is heard the old clock on the stairs solemnly striking the 
hour of five. " Well ! " said Aunt Betsy, the ruling pas- 
sion strong in death, "it's time to put the kettle on." 

A Seeress. Pierce the veil of the future and have 
your future read. 714 Leavenworth (nr. Sutter), S. F. 

Art Ne-ws 

Mrs. Mary Menton has removed her studio to the 
Menesini Building on Post Street, between Stockton 
and Grant Avenue. Mrs. Menton has some excellent 
results to show for the time she has devoted to her 
work at Greenbrae, and besides these, some Mexican 
subjects, the outcome of her former visit to that country 
of the picturesque. 

Some of her canvasses show remarkable feeling and 
very fine sense of color. Mrs. Menton intends making 
another visit to Mexico very soon, and will probably 
remain about six weeks, after which she will resume 
work in her studio. 

Miss Lillie V. O'Ryan, in her miniature of Mrs. 
P. N. Lilienthal, gave the unquestionable satisfaction 
which seems to be the happy result of all her work. 

So pleased is Mrs. Lilienthal that Miss O'Ryan 
will now begin an ivory of Mr. Lilienthal and besides 
is very happy in the prospect of having Mr. Keith for 
a model in the very near future. 

With two such fine types for subjects, it is not 
surprising that the artist is most enthusiastic. 



ceu6 

Bife 




VIRGINIA B. HILLIARD 

The angel of the flowers one day 

Beneath a rose tree sleeping lay — 

That spirit to whom charge is given 

To bathe young buds with dew from heaven. 

The angel whispered to the rose, 
"O fondest object of my care. 
Still lovely sweet where all are fair. 
For the sweet shade thou givest me 
Ask what thou wilt, 'tis granted thee!" 

Then said the rose, with deepened glow, 
"On me another grace bestow." 
The angel paused in silent thought. 
What grace was there that flower had not! 

'Twas but a moment — o'er the rose 
A veil of moss the angel throws. 
And clad in nature's simplest weed. 
Can there a flower that rose exceed? 




M] 



TKe Son of His MotKer 



RUTH COMFORT MITCHELL 



Betty sighed impatiently as she looked at the clock 
in the waiting-room of the station. " Haskins in- 
variably has every time-piece in the house ahead of 
time," she petulantly thought. " I shall certainly speak 
to mother about it. Fifteen minutes to wait in this mis- 
erable depot ! Haskins was entirely too officious in order- 
ing the carriage so early and rushing me off. I shall 
revolutionize things after I graduate." She turned to 
a liveried footman who waited at a respectful distance. 
" You need not wait, James," she said, taking from him 
a smart leather suit-case with a silver tag, " mother will 
want the carriage." 

She seated herself between a dozing Chinese and a 
little old woman in black and looked listessly out of the 
window. There was nothing especially cheering in the 
prospect, but little by little the lines of vexation faded 
from her face. The celestial snored loudly. Betty 
turned her head slightly and saw the expression of 
wonder and abhorrence on the face of the little old 
woman beside her, and an amused gleam crept into her 
eyes ; a dimple came cautiously out to reconnoitre, and 
finding that it was no longer cloudy weather, joyfully 
beckoned to his fellows. 

" Ain't they the strangest critters ?" whispered the 
little woman, warming under Betty's smile. " I wouldn't 
have one of 'em in my kitchen if you was to pay me. 
My son, he's always coaxin' me to try one. They have 
a Chinaman down to his fraternity house, and he thinks 
they're the best cooks there is, but somehow, I kind o' 
hanker to have my victuals cooked by a Christian. 
You're goin' down to the College ? Well, I mistrusted 
you was, soon as I see that pin. That's a ' frat' pin, 
ain't it ?" Betty's gloved fingers crept up to the 
jewelled Greek letters on the lapel of her jacket, and 
she smiled an assent. 

*' Why, I thought," the little woman's brow wrinkled 
in perplexity, " I thought just boys belonged to that 
fraternity." 

" They do," laughed Betty. " This belongs to a 
friend. It is merely lent to me." 

" Oh ! " said the old lady, relapsing into silence. 

Betty smiled to herself " I must tell Gordon that," 
she reflected. "Wonder if he'll be at the train — no, 
of course he won't- — football practice." She took a 
letter from her jacket pocket and reread for the doz- 
enth time a certain paragraph. " My mother will love 
you at once," it ran, " and you will love her when you 
come to know her. She is not of your world, and has 
not your ways, but she is the quintessence of all that 
is womanly and true, and I know the two I care most 
for in the world will understand each other." A mist 
rose before the girl's eyes, and she thought of the im- 
petuous words she had penned in reply: "Your mother 
is mine already ; no matter how far removed our lives 
may have been, we shall be one through you. I love 
her without seeing her, for isn't she the mother of 
her son ? " 

A soft little chuckle beside her disturbed the cur- 
rent of her meditation. 

"I've just been thinkin' 'bout what you said," the 
little old lady giggled, the ghost of a dimple long dead 
dancing in her withered cheek, "and it come to me, all 
in a minute, that the last time William was home — last 
two or three times, come to think of it — he didn't have 
that pin of his on. 'Why, son,' says I, ' I hope you hain't 
lost that pin,' an' William he looked at me kind o' 



funny, an' he said that pin was safe enough. I calc'late 
some girl's wearin' it, sure's gun's iron. He's always — 
mercy sakes, if there ain't the train! What say? Well, 
if you would, my dear. I'm sure it's mighty kind of you 
to look out for an old woman. I always was the least 
mite nervous 'bout gettin' on an' off the train. William, 
he'll scold when he knows I come alone, but I wanted 
to surprise him." 

Just as Betty seated her companion on the shady 
side of the car she caught sight of three Gamma Gamma 
girls beckoning to her from the farther end, and she 
picked up her suit-case again. 

" Oh," the little woman disappointedly said, "ain't 
you goin' to set down ? " 

"Won't you — don't you think you'll be more 
comfortable by yourself .'' " Betty weakly murmured, bal- 
ancing her case on the arm of the seat. 

" No, indeedy ! you won't crowd me a mite. Set 
right down — unless — excuse me, my dear, I didn't 
think of that ; — maybe some of your friends are on 
board." 

Betty resolutely turned her back on the frantic ges- 
ticulations of the girls. " I'd rather sit here," she said, 
heartily. 

The bright autumn afternoon wore on, and the sta- 
tions slipped swiftly past. " My dear," the little old 
lady spoke suddenly after a long interval of silence, " will 
you tell me your name? I like you." 

The girl colored with pleasure. " Betty," she an- 
swered, " Betty Brownell." 

There were tears in the faded blue eyes. " That's 
my girl's name," she softly said, " Elizabeth. You 
make me think of her; only we've always called her 
Lizzie. Honey," she laid a black-gloved hand on Betty's 
arm, "I've got a breast-pin that we gave her on her 
sixteenth birthday. It's mighty pretty — ' Lizzie' made 
out o' silver wire. I'm goin' to send it to you." 

Betty shuddered. She pictured herself walking 
into the Gamma Gamma dining-room with " Lizzie " in 
silver wire pinned to her frock. " But your daughter," 
she protested ; " doesn't she want it ? " 

" She's dead, dear," the little woman answered, 
simply. 

" Oh ! " said Betty in an awed little whisper. " I'd 
be very glad to have it." 

After a short pause the old lady spoke again. 

" Well, if I ain't an old ninny ! " she laughed. " 1 
haven't asked you it you know my William." 

"I know any number of Williams," Betty smiled. 
"You'll have to tell me the rest of his name." 

"Why, Graham — William Gordon Graham, after 
his father." 

Betty bent over a refractory shoe-lacing. 

"Indeed, I know him — quite well," she cordially 
said, when she raised her head, her color heightened. 

"Well, now, I'm right glad!" eagerly chirped 
William's mother. " I reckon he knows 'bout all the 
girls there is in college ; he always liked the girls, William 
did. I rec'lect his first sweetheart. He warn't more 
than ten an' she was eight — the cutest little thing, with 
big, chiny blue eyes." The girl at her side stirred un- 
easily ; Betty's eyes were brown. " They went to school 
together. She lived acrost the street from us, an' he 
uster call for her every mornin'. It was jest too cute 
to see 'em trottin' along, hand in hand. Once a boy 
called her ' 'fraid cat ' 'cause she was scared of a dog, and 



la 



William he jest went for him. He was bigger'n William, 
too. I run out an' stopped 'em an' fetched William in. 
My stars! he was the awfulest lookin' child! I didn't 
have the heart to scold, though, knowin' how it hap- 
pened. They was always jest so chummy, clear through 
grammar school." 

"What became of her.''" asked Betty, with elabo- 
rate unconcern. 

" Why, bless you, she was married, two — three years 
ago — married the boy that William fought with. That's 
the way them things go." 

" Did William — care? " asked Betty. 

" Land, no ! he was all over that before he was half 
through high school. Boys is that way, you know. 
But now" — a tender little smile played about the speak- 
er's mouth — "I mistrust there's somethin' serious — his 
pin bein' gone — an' in his last letter he said he was 
comin' up soon 'cause he had somethin' very important 
to tell me. That's why I come down to surprise him ; 
I jest couldn't wait. You see," apologetically, "William's 
all I've got now since Father an' Lizzie went, an' — an' 
I want to see her. 'Course I'll love her if William does, 
but" — she hesitated wistfully — " I can't help wonderin' 
what she's like. Mercy sakes, how dark it's gettin' ! 
Ain't you hungry, honey ? " 

Betty winked away two bright drops. " Indeed, I 
am," she said, with fatal sincerity. 

"Well, now," said the old lady, delighted, " warn't 
it lucky I happened to bring some gingerbread ? " She 
tugged at the fastening of her satchel. " William, he 
thinks no one makes it quite like his mother." 

Betty groaned inwardly. Then she caught three 
pairs of Gamma Gamma eyes fixed on her in amused 
commiseration, and the red flag of her college ran up in 
her cheeks. " Thank you," she said, drawing off her 
gloves ; " it looks ever so good ! " 

When she had eaten it she took a pencil and tablet 
from her suit-case and wrote a hasty note. This done, 
she turned to the little old lady and laid her firm young 
fingers on the withered ones in the black gloves. " I 
want to tell you something," she softly said. 

" You are to come to the Gamma Gamma house 
with me. I have written a note to Gordon, and we 
three will have dinner together in my little sitting-room. 
I think I must be the very important something he is 
going to tell you about, for I am going to be his wife. 
And I have told him," she added, the dimples playing 
hide-and-seek in her glowing face as she patted the note, 
"that I shall not lovejyo« because you are the mother of 
your son, but him because he is the son of his mother." 



Even in ordinary life the unselfish people are the 
happiest — those who work to make others happy and 
who forget themselves. The dissatisfied people are 
those who are seeking happiness for themselves. — Mrs. 
Besant. 



Fred. A. Kuhls, President 



Henry Kuhls, Secretary 



Ed. Kuhls, Treasurer 



KIHLS, SCHWARKE & CO. 



(Incorporated) 
Importers and Wholesale 



WINE AND LIOIOR MERCHANTS 



Sole Agents for the 

0. K. LOG CABIN BOURBON AND RYE 

WHISKIES 



Telephone Main 1791 

123 to 129 SUTTLR STREET 

Corner Kearny 



You Hissed Me ^fu6 

This was written in 1867 by a lady under 20 years of age. ^ /*■ 
James Redpath, the historian, thought so much of the poem that he had j5rt|"C 
an edition printed on white satin. John G. Whittier, the Quaker poet, 
wrote of it and its young author that she had truly mastered the secret 
of English verse. 

You kissed me! My head 

Dropped low on your breast 
With a feeling of shelter 

And infinite rest; 
While the holy emotions 

My tongue dared not speak 
Flashed up in a flame 

From my heart to my cheek. 
Your arms held me fast ; 

Oh ! your arms so bold ! 
Heart beat against heart 

In their passionate fold. 
Your glances seem drawing 

My soul through my eyes. 
As the sun draws the mist 

From the seas to the skies. 
Your lips clung to mine 

Till I prayed in my bliss 
They might never unclasp 

From the rapturous kiss. 

You kissed me ! My heart 

And my breath and my will 
In delirious joy 

For a moment stood still. 
Lite had for me then 

No temptations, no charms. 
No visions of happiness 

Outside of your arms. 
And were I this instant 

An angel possessed 
Of the peace and the joy 

That are given the blest, 
I would fling my white robes 

Unrepiningly down, 
I would tear from my forehead 

Its beautiful crown. 
To nestle once more 

In that haven of rest — 
Your lips upon mine. 

My head on your breast. 

You kissed me ! My soul 

In a bliss so divine 
Reeled like a drunken man 

Foolish with wine ; 
And I thought 'twere delicious 

To die there if death 
Would but come while my lips 

Were yet moist with your breath ; 
If I might grow cold 

While your arms clasped me 'round 
In their passionate fold. 

And these are the questions 
I ask day and night : 

Must lips taste no more 
Such exquisite delight ? 

Would you care if your breast 
Were my shelter as then. 

And if you were here 
Would you kiss me again ? 

Elllery's IVoyal Italian Band 

Ellery's Royal Italian Band has taken possession 
of the Pavilion for a month's festival concerts. The 
programs issued for the first week are very alluring, 
and from the distinguished career of the leader, the 
Cavaliere Emilio Rivela, and exceptional talent of the 
whole band, San Franciscans expect to enjoy unusual 
pleasure during the holiday season. 

Miss M. De Neale Morgan has opened a studio at 
1065 Washington Street, Oakland, where she will be at 
home to her friends during the month of December. At 
the recent annual exhibition of water-colors at the Mark 
Hopkins Institute Miss Morgan had an illustration of 
her work in the catalogue — "Evening on the Lagoon." 



«3] 



Cfu6 La Grande Laundry 



Principal Office : 



Telephone Bush 12 



23 Powell Street, cor. Ellis Street San Francisco 

B. J. SMITH. Pres. H. A. SMITH, Mgr. 

For Your Table And No Other Kind 

SMITH'S CASH STORE, Inc. 

25 narket St., S. F. 25 Depts. 




No Branches 



No Solicitors 



THE BEST FRENCH LAUNDRY IN TOWN 
J. P. LACAZE & CO. 

Telephone East 615 

829 Sutter Street, Between Leavenworth and Jones, S. F. 

r.A.5w.l„ Y-^£ ORIGINAL E...blUhcd .856 

Swain^s Bakery and Restaurant 

Telephone Grant 31 

No. 21 J Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal. 



Geo. W. Caswell Co. 



Telephone 

Private Exchange $1 



Importers and Manufacturera 

TEAS, COFFEES, SPICES, EXTRACTS 
BAKING POWDER and OLIVE OIL 



4 1 2-4 1 4 Sacramento Street 



San Francisco, Cal. 



The finest grades of Meat only at 



Telephone Eait j^^ 



The Cable Market Co. 

IMMEDIATE SERf^ICE 

S. E. Corner Polk and California Streets, San Francisco 

JOHN G. ILS & CO. 

French Ranges, Kitchen and Bakery Outfits 

814-816 KEARNY STREET 

^^ I When that door won't open or shut, that drawer 

l^^/H Y' does not fit, or you want something in the furniture 

J line you can't buy at a store, call up Red 5365 

and FRED TITT of 625 Washington Street (bet. Kearny and Mont- 
gomery), will attend to it and not charge much cither. Try him. 






WX "^SPERRr FLOUR COMP AMY 

*^ ptiriUNCISCaqFFICEI34CU.IFI]I«IAf(. 



G. A. W. FOLKERS j'^h.^a.^foIkers & bro. 

Importer of Surgical Instruments and Supplies. Manufactutcr of Trusses and apparatus 
for Deformities, Etc., Elastic Stockings and Belts 

No. 809 Market Street, San Francisco 

ROOM 4, FLOOD BUILDING Telephone Bush 431 



Telephone East 431 



Established 1870 



ABRAMOVICH & CO finest kinds of fruits 

XiiJixjT.iY±v^ V iv..xi c\- v.^vy. AND VEGETABLES. ETC. 
1654 rOLK STREET, Corner Clay, San Francisco 

Telephone East iic f- fy-"'- sh,i,„p.. o.b., ci.n,., 

L i Hlgh-Grade TamalcB and Oyiter Loaves 

TeUphone Oyster Co. •••■'443 P°"^ Street 



GOOD COOKING 

is improved by 

CHILI-PEKA 

Wonderfully appetizing, makes cooking easy and eating a pleasure. 
It simplifies the preparation of all Spanish Dishes. 

SOLD ONLY IN BOTTLES 

LOCKYER'S CLUB HOUSE SEASONING 

For tasty stuffings and all kinds of game 

Sold by Johnson Bros.; Wist, Elliott & Gordon; 
Irvine Bros, and all leading grocers 




Depot : 

612-4 Geary Street 

San Francisco, Cal. 



Vineyard ; 

Cupertino 

Santa Clara Co., Cal. 



TCLrPHONC POLK aT.I 

Chablis and Sauterne Types 
Claret X and Grand Wine 

PFCRRE KLEIN , Prop 



Th. 



" Pcir/^l-ir»-|P>n<- P-^^fc '""'"^ '')'''" •'"P"'"' Studio are 
= rd.rLllIIien[ r rOOIS the swellest thing the photog- 
rapher's art has yet produced. 

There are plenty of imitations. The real thing is a little more expensive, but is 

worth the difference. 



Phonh Red 746 



IMPERIAL STUDIO 

724 Market Street 



SAN FRANCISCO 



If you have a telephone you have our Drug Store 
right in your house all the time 

Our Quick Delivery Service will call for prescriptions and deliver the 
medicine in almost no time ; and we will send out on approval, any 
toilet, or sick-room, or household article desired. Save yourself all 
the time, trouble and expense, and just telephone EAST 994 for 
whatever drug-store goods you need. 

T-v • 7 1 yC T^ 7 J Soulhiueit Corner 

David M. rletcher yan Ness Ave. and Geary St. 

National Electric Co. 

Electric Lamps, Supplies and Construction 

344 POST STREET 



The Latest Best Trunk 

Opening up into an Elegant Dres- 
ser. Finished in hand-polished 
furniture woods — Bird's-eye Ma- 
ple, Mahogany, Oak, etc. Has 
convenient apartments for all 

Toilet Articles, Hats, Parasols 

CALIFORNIA DRESSER 
TRUNK COMPANY 

100 GEARY STREET 

Cor. Grant Avenue 

Ernest H. Lupwig 

Fict-Prtiidtnl 




AnOLPH Hl/BER 
Prttidtnt 



Ludwig Catering Co. 



Incorpcmted 



Telephone East 791 



1602 California Street 



San Francisco, Cal. 



Fine Stationery and Engraving 
SOCIETY WORK A SPECIALTY 



DODGE'S 

123 Grant Avenne, Near Post Street, S. F. 



[H 




Queen Alexandra 

There is in the Contemporary Review an appreciative 
notice of Queen Alexandra, by Madame Vacaresco, the 
Roumanian lady who accompanied her queen to Bal- 
moral in Queen Victoria's days, and who has also been 
at Marlborough House this last year. In this later in- 
terview with Queen Alexandra special mention is made 
of the feelings with which she regards the people, who 
have always taken so kindly to her. She said to her 
foreign visitor: "There are some princesses and reign- 
ing queens, are there not, who ever feel themselves 
strangers in the lands that become theirs by marriage. I 
have never known this feeling, not one single moment, 
and now 1 never succeed in discerning that I am not 
born here; it seems to me as if even my childhood had 
been spent here, and even when I am away from this 
land I am not absent. The people are so good. They 
partake of all our joys and sorrows, and their joys and 
sorrows are ours." 

Eugene Field's Eccentricities 

The late Eugene Field was somewhat eccentric in 
his literary methods. He was a very rapid writer, and 
scarcely ever made a change, erasure, or addition in his 
newspaper copy. He was very fond of expensive paper, 
and used only the finest steel pens and the blackest ink, 
and he had no patience with badly written letters. 

His information was encyclopedic, and his writing 
as perfect and regular as copperplate, and his personal 
letters were generally on small sheets of fine notepaper. 
Such letters were as dainty as a schoolgirl's, and as artis- 
tic in general appearance as an illuminated missal. 

He took great pride in his manuscript, and it was 
always prepared with great care. Every sheet sent to the 
printer bore this familiar lead-pencil inscription : " Do 
not soil ; return to E. F." 

He did most of his writing at home in his den, sit- 
ting at (or, more properly speaking, partly on) a small 
flat table. He would tilt back his chair and rest his long 
legs across one corner of the table, and all of his writing 
was done in this position, on a writing-pad held in his lap. 

On the table rested his inks, and in addition to the 
black there were always small bottles of green, blue, red, 
orange and purple. These were used merely for orna- 
mental purposes, and it was his delight to illuminate the 
first few words, or all of the initial letters, of his manu- 
script, often adding a little drawing or two as a finishing 
touch. 

When Mr. Field discovered any one who preserved 
his letters or manuscript he was immensely pleased. 

Cultivate air-hunger. You should learn to be as 
hungry for fresh air as you are naturally thirsty for pure 
water. 



GEO, R. MOSS 8z: CO. 

\\6 Geary Street 

OLD DUTCH, ENGLISH AND DOMESTIC 
SILVER AND JEWELRY 




In looking over the beautiful Christmas stock of 
pianos just received by our largest music house, Kohler 
& Chase, 28-30 O'Farrell Street, one's attention is im- 
mediately arrested by the many new features of the 1903 
pianos. Kohler & Chase sell to many of the largest 
piano houses on the Coast, and are therefore compelled 
to be from four to six months ahead of other houses in 
new features and improvements. This advantage, com- 
bined with the well-known low prices and superior quality 
of goods, makes Kohler & Chase the ideal house in 
which to buy your piano. Be sure to get the number 
correctly — 28-30 O'Farrell Street. 

Paul Steindorff's Benefit 

San Francisco's favorite musical director — Paul 
SteindorfF — had reason to be pleased at the hearty recep- 
tion given him on the occasion of his benefit at the 
Tivoli Grand Opera House on the evening of Novem- 
ber 17th. The house was packed. The carefully 
selected program was superbly rendered ; the artists 
rose to the occasion in right good spirit and were re- 
peatedly encored. 

The presentation of floral oflFerings and presents 
were humorously presented by members of the staff in 
costume, to everybody's huge amusement and Mr. 
SteindorfFs pleasurable embarrassment. 

TKe Cozy Corner of tKe Citrus Fair 

Visitors to the Citrus Fair, now open in the Grand 
Nave of the Ferry Building, will walk into the cozy 
corner of the California State Floral Society as a pleasant 
surprise, to rest, mid a wealth of bloom and receive 
charming hospitality from the ladies of the society. 

The Starr King Fraternity lecture will be held 
in the First Unitarian Church, Fourteenth and Castro, 
Oakland, December 12th. Subject, " Uncle Sam, or The 
Reign of the Common People," by Rev. William Rader 
of San Francisco. 

A Gifted Club'wotnan from Ne-w YorK 

The arrival of Mrs. Louise Benson of New York 
is a matter of interest to the literary circles of our city. 
Mrs. Benson brings high testimonials from educators, 
representative clubwomen and others concerning her 
ability as a speaker upon current aflairs, new books and 
other literary topics, as well as epochs in American 
history and political changes. 

Mrs. Benson has been asked to give a course of 
morning lectures here, and we understand that arrange- 
ments are now under way. 

In this connection it is pleasant to note that Mrs. 
Benson addressed the Fortnightly Club and its guests 
on Monday at the home of Miss Symmes, 630 Harri- 
son Street, and that general satisfaction was expressed 
in relation to an appreciative paper on the "Personality 
and 'Letters' of Robert Louis Stevenson," 

A fair test and measure of civilization is the influ- 
ence of good women. — Emerson. 



tS\ 



CeuB Mrs. Charles W. Rhodes on 

J-lfC '■'■Wagner and the Bayreuth Festival" 

An Illustrated Stercopticon Lecture 
Musical Illustrations by Mr. Adolf Glose of New York, 

CONCERT PIANIST 

Lecturer Biennial C. F. W. C, Los Angeles, May, '02 

Tours the Pacific Coast States under Blanchard & Venter's Management 

For terms, circulars and dates, address 
557 Parrott BIdg., San Francisco, Cal. 316 Blanchard Bldg,, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Write Blanchard and Venter lor anything in the line oi Concerts and Lectures 

SEASON igo2-i()03 

Mme. Mary Fairweather 

LECTURER 

CALIFORNIA — December and January, igo2-igoj 
OREGON and W ASHINGTON— February and March, igoj 

IV omen s Clubi and Colleges only. 

SUBJECTS: 

I. — H'agnerian jirt and Philosophj. 

2. — Tht Master Minds: I The iirfek Dramatists. 3 Dante. J Gotthe. 4 Shaletpire. 

^. — Great Moderns — Literary and Dramatic. I Browning. 2 Hauftman. j Maeterlinck. 

Exclusive Direction, KENNETH L. BERNARD. 

Colufubian Bui/ding, San Francisco, Calif. 
For descriptive introduction, terms, etc. 

T •;/• //■ r\* D Graduate and Pupil Teacher of Cooper Union, New 

LtlLie y . O Ryan y^^^ Miniature Lessons from Life and Print. 

Painter of JANICE MEREDITH 

The Studio : Room 5, 424 Pine Street, San Francisco 

MISS SUSANNE R. PATCH 

Teacher of Singing {^hamper ti Method) 

MISS NELLIE B. PATCH 

Teacher of Piano 

Residence and Studio : i^2i Clay Street^ near Hyde 
Telephone Larkin 22S1. 



DO YOU WISH 
TO BECOME 
SELF-SUSTAINING? 

If so, no occupation offers so attractive a field for an 
intelligent, ambitious young woman as stenography, 
and one so speedily remunerative. 

We give individual instruction, and secure positions 
for graduates. 

Day and Evening Classes 
Copying Done 
Stenographers Furnished 

If interested, call upon or write to the 

Merrill-Miller College 

855 Market Street 
Rooms 40-42, Parrott Buii.dino 



Telephone South 880 

Send for Catalogue 



KATHERINE L. MILLER 
Principal 



EsljlilishfJ iRSft 



Phone BUck j;Wi 



Main Office: Tokio, Japan 



O. KAI & CO. *** 

IMPORTERS OF JAPANESE ART GOODS 
316 Kearny Street San Francisco, Cal. 




H. E. Skinner & Co. (late of 416 Market Street), 
the well-known firm for firearms, sporting goods, etc., 
have removed to 801 Market Street. 

Their stock of Indian baskets is unusually large 
and varied at the present time, and well worth inspec- 
tion by collectors. 

Chili-peKa 

At this particular season of the year we wish to 
draw our readers' attention to Chili-peka, a most deli- 
cious seasoning of the purest materials to be used in the 
Christmas goose or turkey stuffings or in fact anything 
that requires a fine piquant flavor. Put in a pepper bot- 
tle as a condiment for the table, its fine flavor will find 
so many friends that its use will become universal. 

"World's Fair Gold Dollars 

Orders are being received by Secretary Walter B. 
Stevens of the St. Louis World's Fair for the gold dol- 
lars to be issued by the United States Government in 
commemoration of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. 
The issue will be limited to 250,000 coins, according to 
the instructions of the Act of Congress authorizing 
them. The committee in charge of the matter, under 
the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, has about 
decided upon two designs, one including the bust of Jef- 
ferson, the other the bust of McKinley. The coins will 
be sold at %i each by the World's Fair, and the amount 
derived from the premium will be used in the construc- 
tion of monuments of Jefferson and McKinley. The 
first hundred issued of each design will be numbered as 
minted, and a certificate issued by the Director of the 
Mint for each coin, stating that it was minted in his 
presence and numbered in consecutive order. These 
two hundred coins will be sold to the highest bidders. 
The 250,000 gold dollars are a part of the appropriation 
of $5,000,000 in aid of the World's Fair from the United 
States Government. They will be delivered to the Ex- 
position auchorities as soon as minted, which will be 
probably late in the fall. — S. F. Chronicle, Nov. 21, ig02. 

Any one requiring an absolutely pure olive oil, es- 
pecially for medicinal use, should ask for the Vincent 
C. Smith oil. It can be bought at the following places: 
Market St., Nos. 25, 565, 1016; Pine St., No. 43a; 
Sutter St., No. 230 ; Geary St., No. 612; Devisadero 
St., Nos. 401, 500; Mission St., No. 1896. 

Juanita 

Was there ever a girl who was fairer or sweeter 
And captured more hearts than did dainty Juanita ? 

How the boys would rejoice should they happen to meet her I 
And with what keen delight they would hasten to greet her ! 

When asked to explain her success. Miss Juanita 

Cried, " Go to Val Schmidt and just ask tor « Velveta.' " 

San Francisco Dlue BooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1902—1903, contains names, | 
addresses and officers of the leading Women's Clubs. .Address «I1 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 



[16 



44 



Just to 
remind 
you that 

are par 
excellence 
in Club 
Printing 



♦♦ 



656 9?{00fon &trcrt 
&an Jfrancigco 





$i43j248.oo 

Is the amount paid for duties on Moet & Chandon Champagne 

in 1902 

IN EXCESS 

of amount paid in 1901, an increase no other Champagne can 
record, and demonstrating the appreciation of the merits of 



^^WHITE SEAL 

AND BRUT IMPERIAL 

William Wolff & Co. 

Pacific Coast Agents 
2 1 6-2 1 8 Mission Street, San Francisco 



'yy 





m 



PKINTCD av THC •TANlCY-TAYLen COMPANY, SAN fMANCISCO 



($ot 1, Qto. 9 



^amat^, 190^ 



$hOO a 'gear 




CpuBftB^ei) (ntonf^fg fig ^ge C^wBt»oman'6 (Bwif^. ^<itt ^rdnctBCo anb ^faineba Co. 



tl 



RESIDENCE 
TELEPHONES 

Our Rates are Cheaper 

Than any city of proportionate 
size In the United States. 

Individual Line | rh 

No Nickel Attachment . . I ^/\S» C/C/ 
Unlimited City Switching I per month 

Two -Party Line ... .1 ^ 

No Nickel Attachment . . I v^^» 00 

Unlimited City Switching I per month 

PACIFIC STATES TELEPHONE 
....AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY 

216 Bush Street 



CITY STREET 
IMPROVEMENT CO. 

Incorporated May ii, 1891 

GENERAL CONTRACTORS 

Streets : Sewers : Wharves : Bridges 
Tunnels : Railways : Sea Walls : Jetties 
Breakwater and Harbor Construction 



PROPRIETORS OF 



BITUMINOUS ROCK MINES 

in Santa Cruz, Monterey and San Luis Obispo Counties 



Board of Directors : 

John W. McDonald, President 
Tho«. B. Bishop, Vice-President 
Walter E. Dennison, Secretary 
Walter D. Sheldon 
Waiter C. Stone 



Management ; 

John W. McDonald, Gen. Managerl 
J. W. McDonald,Jr., Ass'tGen. Mg 
W. E. Dennison, Secretary 
S. G. Hindes, Engineer 
W. C. Stone, Cashier 



THE BANK OF CALIFORNIA, Depository 
GENERAL OFFICES 

Rooms II, 12 and 13, Fifth Floor, Mills Building 



YARDS AND STABLES— Seventeenth St., from Division to Harrison Sti. 
STREET CLEANING DEPARTMENT— 57 Eighth St. 

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA 



I 



BRANCH OFFICES — Bakersfield, Fresno, Sacramento, Suisun, Palo Alto and 
San Luis Obispo, California, and Salt Lake City, IJtah 



Club Life 



PUBLISHED 



B Tf 



TKe Club^woman's Guild 

1529 California Street jff San Francisco 

Office and Calling Hours • 1 lO A. M. to 4 P. M. 
TELEPHONE EAST 1008 

Contents 



A Forestry School in the State University ■ i, 2 

California Outdoor Art League ... 2 

" Club Life's New Year Greeting "— Poem — 

Frona Eunice Wait ..... 2 

C. F. W. C 3 

The Papyrus Club . . . . . .3,4 

Clionian Club ...... 4 

Daughters of California Pioneers Society . • 4> 5 
The Contemporary Club .... 5 

Corona Club ....... 5 

California Sunshine 7 



Criterion Club ...... 

Library Department ..... i|| 

Sacramento Clubs — 

Saturday Club 

Tuesday Club . 

The Kingsley Art Club 

The Junior Saturday Club . SB 

Ladies' Choral Society .... tBP' 
" Heraldry,"— Lecture — Mr. Robt. H. Fletcher y g-i^ 
Shopping News ...... ^j— 



Entered July 10, I po 2 , as Second-class Matter 
Postoffice at San Francisco, Col. Act of Congress of March j, J8yg 



A. 



Club Life 



Vol. 1. 



JANUARY, 1905 



No. 9, 



A Forestry School in tKe State University 



The subject of Forestry is engrossing more and 
more the attention of the people of the United States. 
The increasing destruction of their great forests by lum- 
bering and by fire is moving them to take measures of 
protection and restraint. Before the next Congress 
there will come a bill creating a national reserve in the 
Appalachian Range, extending into five States, Vir- 
ginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky. Also the Calaveras Grove in California will be 
taken into consideration. 

In the West, bills are pending before the Legisla- 
tures of Washington, Oregon and California pertaining 
to the greater protection of headwaters and streams, the 
preservation of forests and the inauguration of fire patrols. 
Among these a bill is presented by the California Club 
of San Francisco, asking for the establishment of a 
School of Forestry in the State University at Berkeley. 
The need of such a school is most apparent. 
Although some forty institutions in twenty-nine different 
States give some instruction in forestry, varying from 
two terms to twelve weeks, there are but three real 
forestry schools in the United States, the Yale Forestry 
School, New Haven, Conn.; the New York State Col- 
lege of Forestry, Ithaca, N. Y., and the Biltmore School 
or Forestry, Biltmore, North Carolina. Graduates from 
these take the degree of " Forest Engineer." Three of 
the first to receive this degree were at once employed by 
the Bureau of Forestry in the Philippines, four by the 
United States Land Office, one by the New York Fish 
and Game Commission, one by the United States For- 
estry Bureau, and two by private lumbering firms. 

The work of such a school is divided between text 
ook and lecture instruction and outdoor work in 
the forests. The lectures cover the history and growth 
of trees and their requirements, methods of reproduction 
ind planting, methods of guarding against fire by con- 
Jtruction of roads and fire lanes and removal of brush, 
destruction of insect pests, weeds, injurious vines and 
reepers, prevention of erosion and washing of soils, 
guarding against injury by frost, winds, snow pressure 
md grazing animals, methods of harvesting timber, log- 
ging and transportation, computation of contents and 
falue of stands, etc. 

The demand for trained foresters is far greater than 
he supply. The graduates of the Eastern schools are 
mapped up as soon as they receive their degree. Where 
an California procure professional men to administer 
ler great forests, unless she herself trains them? All 
ire patrols, protection of streams, reclamation and con- 
roi of shifting sands and deteriorated soils hark back to 
he fundamental need of trained foresters. 

Following is a copy of the Legislative bill and the 
yer distributed by the California Club regarding the 
I iroposed school : 

1 An Act 

■I 



J- 



^o appropriate $25,000 for the establishment and sup- 
ort of a School of Forestry in the University of 



California, and providing for the payment of such appro- 
priation. 

The people of the State of California, represented 
in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows: 

Section i. The sum of $25,000 is hereby appro- 
priated out of any money in the State Treasury not 
otherwise appropriated to be used for the establishment 
and support of a School of Forestry in the State Uni- 
versity of California. Ten thousand dollars of said sum 
must be paid on the ist day of July, 1903, and $15,000 
on the 1st day of July, 1904. 

Sec. 2. The Controller is authorized and directed 
to draw his warrant for the sums mentioned in the pre- 
ceding section, payable to the order of the Treasurer of 
the University of California, and the Treasurer of State 
is directed to pay such warrants. 

Sec. 3. This Act shall be in effect from and after 
its passage. 

California Club 

The total destruction of timber by forest fires in 
the two States of Oregon and Washington for the past 
year amounts to $20,000,000. The forest reserves in 
both States, which were patrolled by rangers, did not 
suffer by fire at all. 

In California, not only are our forests in the same 
danger, but our moisture and climate are at stake. It is 
estimated by foresters and lumbermen that the destruc- 
tion of merchantable timber by fire in California, in one 
year, exceeds the commercial demand of five years. It 
is plain then that fire and saw operating together will 
soon reduce all our forest land to the condition that has 
overtaken Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota, where 
the lumbermen's occupation is nearly gone. 

In some parts of California, where dense forests 
formerly existed, not a tree is left standing. 

During the summer just passed hundreds of square 
miles of the vast timber lands on this Coast have been 
devastated by fire, and nothing has been done toward 
reforesting. 

The finish of the forests under such conditions is 
practically in sight unless something is immediately 
done to protect and restore them. 

The mountain forests of this State are the reser- 
voirs of the moisture which makes the valleys fruitful, 
and are the storehouses of that power which runs our 
street-cars, lights our cities, economizes the operation of 
our mines, and affects the life of our people in many 
ways. If our valleys are not to be made deserts, our 
mountain forests must be preserved. Every acre per- 
manently stripped of its timber in the mountains will be 
finally represented by acres robbed of their fertility on 
the plains. 

The need of guarding against forest fires and of 
lumbering the tracts, so that the industry may be per- 
manent, necessitates the establishment of a School of 
Forestry, where a sufficient corps of trained men may be 



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graduated to take charge of the forests and administer 
them scientifically. 

This is a vital necessity to California. The State 
University is ready and anxious to undertake instruction' 
in forestry. President Benjamin Ide Wheeler states 
that the desire among young men to enter such a school is 
great, and that the wide and growing demand for practi- 
cal and scientific administration of forest lands, both 
public and private, with an inadequate force to meet it 
insures immediate occupation to a large number of prop- 
erly trained men. 

In view of the vast and many-sided interests in- 
volved, your help is solicited to secure from the Legisla 
ture an appropriation to establish a School of Forestrj 
in the University of California at Berkeley. 

A bill for that purpose has been drawn and is in- 
closed. Mrs. Geo. Law Smith, 
Mrs. John Jay Scoville, President California Club. 

Chairman Forestry Section. 

California Outdoor Art League 

Mr. John P. Young addressed the open meeting 
of the league held December 22d in Sorosis Hall. Hi; 
subject, " How to Make the City Beautiful," was handlec 
in a scholarly and practical way, and was warmly receivet 
by an appreciative audience. 

The league made history on the ist day of Decem- 
ber by celebrating Arbor Day, and we chose Telegrapl 
Hill for the planting. We found the young trees ii 
Pioneer Park thriving, and confined our efforts to plant 
ing scarlet geraniums on the east slope of the hill am 
sowing seeds of eschscholtzia, the California poppy, an( 
nasturtiums, all hardy plants that will in time deck th 
old scarred hill with a gaily colored tapestry of bloom 
These enthusiastic women could hardly have chosen 
more difficult task, yet they did it rapturously, and wen 
proudly home with bruised hands and wearied muscles 
but with it all a new-born love for Telegraph Hill. 

The Chairman of Military Reservations, Miss Kath 
erine Hittell, tells of the hearty co-operation of the com 
manders of the various posts. A letter from Genera 
Hughes gives a list of thousands of trees which Secre 
tary Root is asked to provide for the planting of th 
Marin County Reservation about Fort Baker. 

Through the efforts of the league the Board o 
Supervisors has changed the name of City Hall Squar 
to Marshall Square, and when permission is obtaincc 
Mrs. Emma C. Martin and Mrs. Palatche will plan 
Marshall Square with the State flower, the California popp) 

Miss Ida Kervan urges the planting of the bank 
of all the city reservoirs with this same flower. 

Miss de Turbeville is introducing window boxe 
and gardens among the Occidental Mothers* Clubs, an 
the offer of prizes is stimulating the work. 

Mrs. C. C. Riedy and Mrs. Wooster are workin 
in the schoolyards. 

Mrs. Luther Wagoner is introducing window boxe 
among the families on Telegraph Hill. 

The league feels rewarded for its campaign work i 
the matter of the second amendment by the very larg 
vote cast. Mrs. Lovell White, President. 

Ella C. B. Fassett, Press Correspondent. 

Club Life's Ne-w Year Greeting 

Fair of face is she who sits 
'Neath vine-clad bowers in this sundown land. 
Eager and ready and willing to give 
To every woman a helping hand. 
She gayly kisses her finger-tips, too. 
And says from her heart, 
" Here's my love to you ! " 

Frona Eunice Wait. 



[* 



c. r. w. c. 

The Alameda District Federation meeting, held in 
Ebell Club rooms, Oakland, on Tuesday, November 
25th, had a full attendance of delegates and a goodly 
number of clubwomen. Mrs. A. J. Foster, District 
Vice-President, presided. Mrs. Kate A. Bulkley, State 
President, spoke a pleasant word of welcome. The 
presidents of clubs gave glowing reports of individual 
club work, and the members of State committees re- 
lated the progress of federation interests in the district. 
At the afternoon session. Dr. Dorothea Moore, of San 
Francisco, State Chairman of Civic Committee, gave a 
short address on the" Juvenile Court Bill," and Mr. Her- 
bert Furlong from Berkeley, following the report of the 
chairman of Forestry Committee, urged the establishment 
of Arbor Day in all sections of the State, the suitable day to 
be selected subject to the climatic conditions of the differ- 
ent portions of the State. He also asked that systematic 
work be undertaken to conserve the wild flowers, saying 
that every year some varieties were wholly exterminated 
through ignorance of their rarity and value. Mrs. J. 
W. Orr, State Secretary, answered the questions in the 
question box, all of which pertained to federation mat- 
ters. A sample traveling library was on exhibition as 
an object lesson for all clubwomen. 

The Ebell Club entertained the delegates at lunch- 
eon, and served tea again in the afternoon. The rooms 
were charmingly decorated in pink and green, and the 
president, Miss Mabel Gray, assisted by other members, 
graciously welcomed the guests of the occasion. 

Since the publication of the Year Book of the 

C. F. W. C. in September last, nine clubs have quali- 
fied as members: The " Papyrus " and the " Clionian " 
of San Francisco, the " Napa Study Club " and the 
" Corona Literary and Social " in the San Francisco Dis- 
trict, the " Leisure Hour" and the " Friday Morning" 
Clubs of Fresno in the San Joaquin District, the " Treble 
Clef" of Los Angeles and " Art Study Club" of Santa 
Barbara in the Los Angeles District, and the " Perris 
Val Verde Friday Club " in the San Diego District. 

At the invitation of the Federated Clubs of the 
San Joaquin District, the annual State convention will 
be held in Fresno, February 2d, 3d, 4th. A local com- 
mittee of arrangements has been formed, with Mrs. N. 

D. Coates, of Fresno, as chairman. All the sub-com- 
mittees have been appointed and preparations are well 
under way. The chairman of Program Committee, 
Mrs. Geo. N. Haight, of Berkeley, promises very inter- 
esting sessions during the entire three days; interest and 
inquiry is beginning to be manifested, and a large attend- 
ance is looked for. 

Mrs. J. W. Orr, State Secretary, recently visited 
the Woman's Club of Petaluma, and addressed the 
members on the methods, purpose, and plans of the 
Federation. This club has a large membership and a 
flourishing musical section, both instrumental and choral, 
that adds greatly to the interest of the open meetings. 

On Wednesday, November 26, 1902, the Forum 
Club threw its hospitable doors open for the benefit of 
the San Francisco District of the California Federation 
of Women's Clubs. 

There were representatives from twenty-two clubs 
from Petaluma, Eureka, Napa, Sonoma, San Jose, Wat- 
sonville, Palo Alto and San Francisco. 

The meeting was called to order at 10:30 in the 
morning by Mrs. L Lowenberg, Vice-President of the 
San Francisco District. Mrs. Lowenberg in her cordial 
manner made all welcome, then presented Mrs. Henry 
Payot, President of the Forum Club and hostess of this 
occasion. Mrs. Payot's greeting made all feel that for 



m 



that day, at least, the Forum Club particularly belonged A^Pttft 
to them. K^VWD 

Mrs. John Swift was elected member of the Nomi- 
nating Committee from San Francisco and Mrs. Geo. Law 
Smith was elected member of the Credential Committee. 

Interesting two-minute reports were read by the 
presidents in regard to the work of their particular club. 
The presidents were: Mrs. Geo. Law Smith, California 
Club; Mrs.W. T.Gorham, Clionian Club; Mrs. Florence 
Kendall, Corona Club; Mrs. E. G. Deniston, Corona 
Club, San Francisco ; Mrs. Geo. Beckwith, Corona Lit- 
erary and Social Club, Petaluma ; Daughters of the Cali- 
fornia Pioneers, Mrs. R. H. Morse; Forum Club, Mrs. 
Henry Payot; Laurel Hall Club, Mrs. Thos. Collins; 
Mills Club, Mrs. Wendell Easton ; Monday Club, 
Eureka, Mrs. G. W. Hines ; Napa Study Club, Mrs. E. 
H. King; Pacific Coast Women's Press Association, 
Mrs. Florence Matheson; Papyrus Club, Mrs. Mason 
Kinne ; Philomath Club, Mrs. L Lowenberg; Sorosis 
Club, Mrs. L. L. Dunbar; Sonoma Valley Women's Club, 
Mrs. Martha Stearns; South Park Settlement Mothers' 
Club, Mrs. J. W. Little; Woman's Club, Petaluma, 
Miss Ellen M. Cavanagh ; Woman's Club, San Jose, 
Mrs. W. C. Kennedy; Woman's Club, Watsonville, 
Mrs. E. M. Tuttle; Wimodausis, San Francisco, Mrs. 
F. B. Carpenter; Woman's Club, Palo Alto, Mrs. C. 
H. Gilbert. Then followed the two-minute reports of 
committees, the subjects handled in a most able manner 
were : Civics, Club Extension, Education, Forestry, 
Household Economics, California History and Land- 
marks, Libraries and Portfolios, Bureau of Reciprocity, 
and The Juvenile Court Bill, 

The afternoon session opened at 2:30 with a discus- 
sion on "Co-Education. " Most excellent papers were 
read on the affirmative and negative side of this much- 
discussed question, and you would feel quite certain that 
you sided altogether with the negatives, when the affirm- 
atives would impress you with having made a great mis- 
take in being converted for one moment to the side of 
the negatives. 

The following ladies who held you as converts to their 
way of thinking on this great subject were: Mrs. Mary 
Robt. Smith, Mrs. Annie Little Barry, Mrs. F.H.Abbott, 
Mrs. Geo. Beckwith, Mrs. E. Tojetti, Mrs. J. T. Mc- 
Gamley, Mrs. A. H. Phillips, Mrs. R. H. Morse, Mrs. 
L. L. Dunbar, Mrs. Easley, Miss Agnes Howe, Mrs. 
M. E. Tuttle, Miss Norton, Mrs. C. H. Gilbert, Mrs. 
Ella M. Sexton, Mrs. E. M.Cooper, Miss Adelc Talk- 
enstein, Mrs. Robt. R. Hill, Miss Ellen M. Cavanagh, 
and Mrs. J. W. Orr. 

After the close of above discussion the ladies of the 
Forum held a reception in honor of their visitors, and a 
most enjoyable time was spent while a delightful repast 
was served. 

TKe Papyrus Club 

The Papyrus Club held its regular meeting at its 
club rooms, Utopia Hall, Central Block, on Thursday, 
December nth, at 3 o'clock. 

It was decided at the business meeting that the 
club should give an elaborate evening reception on the 
last Thursday in January. 

"The Papyrus Club Quartet," which will be com- 
posed of some of San Francisco's leading vocalists, was 
also organized. 

After settling a number of matters relating to the 
welfare of the club and the election of a large number 
of applicants to membership, the regular program, con- 
sisting of humorous stories, was indulged in. 

It is really a pleasure to watch the expression on 
the faces of the members as they enter the door. They 



3] 



jvn fl come in with a twinkle in their eyes that is ready to 
^ ,^ blossom into a smile at the merest suggestion. Even 
^i|C the gravest of the grave appear as ready to amuse others 
as they are to be amused themselves. One sees good 
humor and good nature written everywhere. None of 
the little petty differences and jealousies so commonly 
supposed to exist in women's minds could ever find a 
footing in such a pleasant atmosphere. 

It is a well-known fact that women are too prone to 
turn toward the more romantic, serious side of life. 
They have always been accused of being lacking in the 
keen sense of humor that men have, but it is not the 
lack of the sense of humor which has caused the crit- 
icism. It is rather the lack of cultivation of it. It 
seems a positive necessity in some cases to teach women 
that there is the sweetest, truest, noblest kind of dignity 
in a smile. They cannot be brought to realize that, 
as Milton puts it : 

" Smiles from reason flow, 
To brute deny'd, and are of love the food." 

This is the prime object of the founders of the 
Papyrus Club. The other is to enter into and enjoy 
the life and work of the artists who have come into 
membership, and this branch is growing marvelously. 
The best talent in the city is already enrolled on the 
membership, and the musical part of the afternoon's pro- 
gram is a source of keen pleasure to those fortunate 
enough to hear it. 

The musical part of the afternoon, which is under 
the supervision of Mrs. W. P. Buckingham, the vice- 
president, was as usual exceptionally fine. The piano 
solos by Miss Scheurman, who is only thirtecR years 
old and a favored pupil of Mr. Hugo Mansfeldt, were a 
most remarkable performance. Mrs. Briggs was obliged 
to answer an enthusiastic encore to her dainty vocal selec- 
tions, being accompanied by Mrs. Sutherland. Miss 
Bartlette's recitations also called for additional efforts 
that did not fail to please her audience. 

The next regular meeting will take place on Thurs- 
day, January 8th, at 3 o'clock. 

Louise Battles Cooper, Secretary. 

Clionian Club 

On Tuesday afternoon, November 25, 1902, the 
Clionian Club had a house-warming in their new quar- 
ters at 2266 Vallejo Street. We have been meeting at 
the homes of the members, but as the club grew larger 
we felt the need of a clubroom. Through the kindness 
of one of our members (Mrs. Wm. G. Leak) we are to 
have the use of a room in her new home, for which we 
are exceedingly grateful. At this, our first meeting in 
our new clubroom, there were thirty ladies present, only 
two of the members being unable to attend. The regu- 
lar program (roll-call, reading of minutes, treasurer's 
report, etc.,) was carried out, after which we listened to 
the papers of the day. Our president, Mrs. W. T. 
Gorham, announced that we were now members of the 
State Federation of Women's Clubs, and appointed the 
following ladies to represent the Clionian Club at the 
yearly meeting, held on Wednesday, November 26, 1 902 : 
Mrs. W. A. Cooper, a voting delegate, Mrs. S. C. Irving, 
on the Reception Committee, and Mrs. H. H. Fassett, to 
represent us during the debate. 

The various committees in charge of the furnishings 
of the new clubroom were congratulated on the excel- 
lence of their work. The room was cozy and comfort- 
able, and the walls were adorned with many Japanese 
prints and pictures, which will be of much interest to us 
during our year's study of Japan. 

From the windows of our clubroom we have a 
beautiful view of San Francisco Bay, which will prove 



to be a never-failing source of delight to us. We went 
to our homes after a very delightful afternoon, feeling 
that quite a step forward had been taken in our club life. 

DaugKters of California Pioneers Society- 
It would be difficult to imagine a more successful 
and thoroughly enjoyable affair than the celebration of 
the second anniversary of the Daughters of California 
Pioneers Society on Saturday, Dec. 6th. 

Having decided upon a noon breakfast at the Cali- 
fornia Hotel to commemorate the organization of the I 
society, the work of management was placed in the hands 
of the following ladies : 

Reception Committee — Miss Josephine Tillman, 
Miss Nellie White, Miss Martha Degeuer, Mrs. Kate 
Roy, Mrs. W. A. Scott, Mrs. S. S. Palmer. 

Breakfast Committee — Mrs. Henry Tricou, Mrs. 
E. J. Foster, Miss Lucy Adams, Miss May Nolan. 

Music, Decorations and Printing — Mrs. E.J. Foster. 

Much credit is due Mrs. Foster for the pretty 
and refreshing setting for the feast. The horseshoe 
shaped table, which accommodated about forty guests, 
was daintily outlined with garlands of smilax and Xmas 
berries, the bright, welcome colors of the holidays. 
Against the inner curve of the shoe the great golden 
bear of our State loaned a proud dignity. 

In the center of the room a huge gilt and red Jap- 
anese lantern was suspended, and from it garlands 
stretched in long curves of red and green to the far cor- 
ners, where they were caught up with smaller lanterns. 
At one side a beautiful screen of Xmas berries shielded 
the members of the Schumann Club, to whom the so- 
ciety and guests were indebted. 

Mrs. Alice M. Morse, as president, occupied the 
head of the table, and in a few, well-chosen words, bade 
the guests welcome. An elaborate and daintily arranged 
repast was then served to the sweet accompaniment of 
mandolin and guitar. 

After breakfast there was a lull in the merry chatter 
around the table, as Mrs. Romie Hutchinson as toastmis- 
tress rose to demonstrate her cleverness in that capacity, and 
she succeeded well. As she introduced each speaker much 
amusement was derived from her appropriate comments 
and irrepressible humor. 

The following ladies responded to toasts in interest- 
ing and hearty fashion : 

" Daughters of California Pioneers," Dr. Margaret 
Mahoney. 

" Strings," Grace De Forrest. 

" The Days of '49," Mary V. H. Gurnett. 

" Bouquets," Gertrude Gates. 

" Our Pioneer Fathers," Ella Lees Leigh. 

Mrs. Leigh's tribute to the F"athers of our State was 
particularly touching. There was hardly a dry eye in 
the room when she concluded. She spoke as follows: 

"our pioneer fathers. 

" I take great pleasure in addressing the assembled 
Pioneer Daughters, and most fully appreciate the honor 
of being called upon to respond to the toast, ' Our Pio- 
neer Fathers.' It is beyond my powers, however, to do 
justice to this subject in a five minutes' response. Not 
only is it beyond my powers, but beyond the powers of 
the greatest orator that has ever lived ; for it will take 
centuries to pay to the founders of this great young 
country — our Pioneer Fathers — the tribute of praise they 
have so justly earned. Abraham Lincoln once said that 
God must have loved the common people, He made so 
many of them. I think his remark is doubly true ol 
the Pioneers. God must have loved them, He made so 



[4 



when they chose Cali- 

Piercing the veil of 

for material facts, the 



many of them, and they did so much. Now, after fifty 
years, we just begin to get a faint conception of the im- 
mense importance of their work. We gain some idea of 
it when we see that the eyes of the civilized world 
are turning toward the beautiful city our Pioneer Fathers 
founded by the Golden Gate. 

" The shrewd capitalists of the East are projecting 
new railroads to link the commerce of the Atlantic and 
Pacific more closely together. Millions of capital are 
expended in the development of the resources of our 
Golden State. Why .'' Because these men of wealth 
and far-seeing men of affairs are convinced that San 
Francisco is to rival London and New York — not only 
to rival them, but to eclipse them. This is not an idle 
dream of the poet or a fable wrought by the imagination 
of the novelist. The shrewdest men in the world have 
foretold such a transformation for San Francisco, of 
which Bret Harte has said ' Serene, indifi^erent of fate, 
thou sittest at thy western gate.' Our Pioneer Fathers 
' builded better than they knew ' 
fornia for their abiding place, 
futurity with their keen vision 
financiers of the world foresee that this is the gateway to 
the untold wealth of the Orient, and that here must 
arise a race of merchant princes like those of Venice of 
old, whose enterprises reached around the world and 
whose ships were found on every sea. Who has paved 
the way for this triumph of commercial development 
which surely must bring in its train social and intellect- 
ual attainments of the highest order? Who but our 
Pioneer Fathers — but for their courage, their dangers, 
their hardships, their patriotism, and their triumphs, the 
wilderness might still be unconquered and the lonely 
herdsman the sole occupant of the plains that now teem 
with life and yield their stores of wheat, wine, oil, fruit, 
and gold to enrich the warehouses and the treasuries of 
the world. When little more than fifty years have 
wrought such wonders from the work of our Pioneer 
Fathers, who can predict the full extent of what the 
next century may unfold ? Of one thing only can we 
be assured, and it is this — as the years roll by, the ad- 
miration for the adventurous, brave, loyal spirits that 
I laid the foundation of this great empire of the West will 
. increase. History will cherish and glorify the deeds of 
our Pioneer Fathers, and Time will use his scythe to cut 
. fresh garlands to decorate the tombs where loving hands 
have laid them in peace and honor. God bless our 
Pioneer Fathers who are with us and God rest those 
who have gone before." 

The members of the Schumann Club were warmly 
thanked for their music, which had been such a delightful 
feature of the day's program and to hearty expres- 
sions of gratitude for her unselfish labor in the work of 
arrangement, Mrs. Foster answered : 

" You play upon my heartstrings with your warm 
praise of the music so delightfully rendered by the 
Schumann Club. In their name 1 thank you heartily. 
In my charming friend's reply to " Bouquets " she left 
" the gates ajar " and missed her opportunity to bestow a 
flowery compliment upon her sisters, for what more 
lovely bouquet than the smiling faces surrounding our 
board today ? 

" I give you a toast : The bouquet of bouquets, — 
harmony and good fellowship — may they be ours to 
brighten the lives of those around us and bind us closer 
, together in the tie of Pioneer blood, of which we are so 
justly proud !" 

Mrs. Morse then rose and wished all a Merry Christ- 
|mas, and the sweet strains of " Auld Lang Syne" 
brought all to their feet to join in the good old chorus. 



Contemporary Club 

The duties and festivities incident to the holiday 
season have been claiming the attention of the members of 
the Contemporary Club. 

Adjusting to their needs the old-time saying, "A 
place for everything and everything in its place," these 
ladies have found that both home and club are best served 
at this season by adjourning after the first meeting in 
December. 

On January i2th they will re-assemble to take up 
the latter half of the year's work. 

Corona Club 

The Corona Club varied its usual program by a 
lecture, December iith, on "Bernard Shaw, the Great 
English Critic and Dramatist," delivered by Mr. Austen 
Lewis, who is a fluent speaker, and held the attention of 
his audience to the end of the lecture. Mr. Lewis char- 
acterized Bernard Shaw as the most brilliant, probably, 
and certainly the most truthful critic we have produced. 
The English, being terribly in earnest, and a people of 
ideals, with narrow and definite ideas of right and wrong, 
do not produce good critics. Criticism is a differentia- 
tion of shade. But Shaw has the deepest and truest 
and finest philosophy, except Brandes, of modern times. 
He is a socialist who disbelieves in socialistic ideas ; a 
freethinker who recommends going to church as a rec- 
reation ; an epicurean who is a teetotaler and vegeta- 
rian ; a Puritan who gives freest scope to pleasure. He 
is a pamphleteer, a novelist, a dramatist, a musical and 
dramatic critic and a philosopher, and one of the great- 
est men of his time. He is an authority on philosophical 
science. He is a master in critical art and a disciple in con- 
structive art. Shaw was an idealist and a realist afterwards. 

The club will start in the new year with a course 
on "American Essayists," also discussing federation 
topics, taking up one at each meeting. Corona has 
lately joined the Women's Council, and will take an act- 
ive part in its work. 



CfuB 



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533 Dupont Street, near California Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephone Brown 188 MAIN OFFICE 

Fiiitors are invited to imped ^^irrMj ^n^ j 

== THF == ^ , , ^ YOKOHAMA 
'"'^ our fine and select Japanese 

HINOMOTO Emb. Cloisonne, Purses with J^P^N 

2 1 7 Geary Street netsuke and Art Goods. All 

Nelt door lo Peacock Caft ^,-„^^ of KimOnOS OUr Specialty. 



SAN FRANCISCO 



Japan Tea Room 

NOW OPEN 



Bel. Pine and California 



zoi 2 Fillmore Street 



SAN FRANCISCO 



Sing Fat & Co. 

Imperten, Wholeiale and Retail Dealers in 

Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods 

614 DuroNT Steeet Next to St. Mary'i Church San Francisco, Cal. 

CHY LUNG & CO ^""'"''"' "'^° 

Direct Importers of Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods. All Varieties 
of Silks and Grass Cloth, and Every Kind of Choice Oriental Curios 

640 Sacramento St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephone China 171 

Wing Chong Lung & Co. 

Importers, IVhoUsaU and Retail DeaUrs in 

Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods 

Embroidered Silk Goodi, Shawls, Screen! and Drcutn)^ 
Gowns, Colorad and Pongee Stlka. Crepe Satin 

Bronie Ware, Lacquered Ware, Enameled Ware, Antique Ware, Ivory and Ebony 
Furniture, Porcelain, Teas, Satsum.i, Cloisonne, Carved Bamboo Vaiei, Canton 
Linen, and Curios of all Descriptions. 

6I7>^-6I9-62I DUPONT STREET 

Between Califernia and Sacramento SAN FRANCISCO 



[6 



California SunsKine 

December Sunshine reports are coming in filled 
with the spirit of Christmas. Members everywhere 
have devoted much time to making gifts and filling 
Christmas boxes, and a surprising amount of work has 
been accomplished. A number of contributions were 
received, and through the kindness of Dr. S. I. Har- 
rison and Mrs. Thomas Morffew ten dollars more 
was added to this fund. Over one hundred and fifty 
children were remembered, and perhaps more not yet 
reported. Books, games, toys, etc., were distributed, and 
every effort made to give the little ones pleasure. 
Besides all this, the " shut-ins " and many others were 
not forgotten. When letters come, expressing so much 
pleasure and appreciation, all the work seems as nothing, 
and we might learn from many the lesson of true giv- 
ing. Those who have most are not always the ones 
to give most generously. 

With the coming of the New Year many are the 
plans and resolutions and promises which members ex- 
press daily in their letters. All this is most gratifying, 
and we hope, as the days go by, that plans and dreams 
may be fulfilled, and sometime our California Sunshine 
will be the most beautiful and the most powerful of all 
good works. 

" Now there are two kinds of goodness," says Aunt 
Jane in Forward, "Christmas-tree goodness and apple- 
tree goodness. Generally the Christmas tree makes the 
most show. It's a sight easier to wire things onto the 
branches than to grow 'em there. You can take the 
poorest sort of a tree and hang it all over with tinsel 
and apples and nuts till it looks wonderfully fine. All 
the same no farmer would exchange it for the poorest 
apple tree in his orchard. 

"Plenty of folks have Christmas-tree goodness. 
They think it pays to be truthful or honest or temperate, 
so they hang these virtues onto their lives, though all 
the time they'd just as soon cheat as not if they didn't get 
found out. Now apple-tree honest isn't wired on; it 
grows. Of course the Christmas-tree way of being good 
is the shortest and easiest. People that are good all of 
a sudden, bear watching, and that's a fact. 

"The only goodness you can depend on is the 
goodness that grows right out of the soul and belongs to 
it. Morality's better than nothing, but religion has the 
root of the matter when all's said." 

In a personal letter from the Rev. J. R. Miller the 
following beautiful legend is told, suggesting a thought 
to us all for the coming year: 

"There was once a man who was the favorite of 
the angels. They had seen so much of his goodness 
and his good work that they became deeply interested in 
him. They wished to procure for him some new honor 
from God. So they went to their Lord and told of this 
man and begged that some new power of usefulness be 
granted him. The angels were told to see the man and 
ascertain what new gift he would like to have. They 
went to him and asked what new gift he would like to 
have bestowed upon him. He said he wanted nothing 
—he was content. They asked him if he would not 
like to have power to convert a great many souls. He 
replied, 'No, that is Christ's work.' Would he not, 
then, like to have power to convince men of their sins 
through his words? Again he answered 'No.' 

" But they urged him so earnestly that at last he 
said that if he must choose some new power, it would 
be that he might have the privilege of doing a great deal 
of good in the world without even knowing of it. So it 
came to pass that when his shadow fell behind him, 
where he could not see it, it had healing power, but 



when it fell before him where his eyes could see it, it fC^QutL 
had no such power." V^vUU 

The unconscious ministry of our lives is, after all, ^tfc 
the best. 

The reports of the Alden Club show that members 
have cared for eleven families during the past month, 
and have packed two large Christmas boxes for children 
living in isolated places which Santa Claus sometimes 
cannot find on the map. Small contributions of money 
have also been given to deserving cases, and the yearly 
amount of fifteen dollars sent to headquarters. 

The Indians also were remembered by the club, a 
little school of twenty-three children being chosen this 
year for a Christmas box. 

The Escondido "State Day" was the event of the 
past month. A sale of pretty and useful articles 
attractively placed in booths representing the four 
seasons, an enjoyable musical program, and a delicious 
supper, were features of the day. Other members out- 
side of Escondido, and some from the East, improved 
the opportunity to aid these faithful workers and helped 
to make their entertainment the success it proved to be. 

More than a passing word of praise is due this 
club, particularly the officers, whose untiring efforts have 
carried happiness into so many lives. 

As a result of the sale, I70 was cleared; of this I25 
in cash, and merchandise valued at |io, was sent for 
State work, and $5 to headquarters, the rest to be ex- 
pended for local work. This generous aid is much 
appreciated. 

The Perris Sunshine Club, besides home work, 
sent a large box of clothing, which will be distributed by 
the Alden Club. This Branch, of which Miss Stella G. 
Plimpton is President, is composed of young girls who 
are busy and happy in the work. 

The little children of the Berkeley Branch (Mrs. 
Bessie Barkie, President) collected a large number of 
toys for the Temescal Orphanage in Oakland. 

Members of the University Mound Club have 
been busy caring for each other during the enforced 
absence of the matron. Owing to much sickness, Christ- 
mas in this club was very quietly observed. The mem- 
bers are inmates of the Old Ladies' Home. 

At Waddington, Humboldt County, another club 
of young girls sends good cheer In the form of a Christ- 
mas box full of good things. Miss E. E. Keohan has 
just been elected President of this club; Miss Robin- 
son, Vice-President, and Miss Nedder, Treasurer and 
Secretary. 

Clubs have recently been formed as follows: The 
Bishop Indian Branch — Edward Richards, President. 
Las Posas — Mrs. Frank Gunn, President; Mrs. O. C. 
Willis, Secretary ; Mr. Jessen, Treasurer. 

Criterion Club 

At the Alameda District Convention, held In Ebell 
Hall, Oakland, November 25th, Mrs. George B. Bird, 
President of the Criterion Club, read a very encourag- 
ing report of the work accomplished by this club since 
Its organization in July, 1901. 

At one of the December meetings of the Criterion 
Club it was voted to have a " Traveling Library," and 
Mrs. S. S. Brower was appointed chairman of the com- 
mittee. Already a large number of books have been 
pledged, and the committee hopes to have the library 
soon started on its journey. 

The January meetings will be held on the 6th and 
the 20th, when Mrs. C. W. Jackson will read a paper 
on "Recent Inventions," and Mrs. J. L. Taylor one on 
" Tea Culture." The art selection will be by Mrs. 
Brower on the " Period of the Renaissance." 



7] 



fitfe 




fc#^'-'%^'*^''^\#'' ~^tti\"*'*" ^^ 




Library correspondence may be addressed, respectively, to the following named persons, who 
are Vicc-Chairmcn of Libraries and Portfolios. 

Northern District — Mrs. Marion M. Oliver, Paradise, Butte County. 

Alameda District — Mrs. C. B. Breck, 1531 Arch Street, Berkeley. 

Los Angeles District— Mrs. D. B. Sessions, 14ZI South Hill Street, Los Angeles. 

San Joaquin District — Mrs. O. C. Conlcy, Bakersfield. 

San Diego District — Mrs. S. C. Evans, Jr., Orange Street, Riverside. 

State Chairman and ex officio Vice-Chairman San Francisco District — Miss Susanne R. Patch, 
1521 Clay Street, San Francisco. 



" In the matter of doing good, obligation ceases only 



when power fails." 



L. Pasteur, 



To Clubwomen of the California Federation : 

Through the courtesy of its author, Hon. Chas. N. 
Kirkbride, of San Mateo, I am enabled to give a copy 
of the act to provide for the establishment of a State 
Library Commission. 

At the October meeting of the Library Association, 
held at the Mechanics' Institute Library, Mr. Kirk- 
bride, who is known to us all as the author of our ex- 
cellent library law, presented a draft of this library 
commission act, prepared after consultation with Mr. 
Clark, of the San Francisco Library, and Mr. Greene, 
of the Oakland Library, and it was favorably received. 

The proposed act is as follows: 

An Act to Provide for the Establishment and 
Maintenance of a State Library Commission. 
The people of the State of California, represented 
in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows : 

Section i. The Governor of the State of Cali- 
fornia shall appoint five persons of learning, in reference 
to libraries and three of whom shall be actually engaged 
in library work, as Library Commissioners, who shall 
constitute the California Library Commission, and per- 
form such duties as are herein mentioned or may be 
otherwise appointed by law. The members of said 
commission shall each hold office for three years and 
until their successors are appointed and qualified; pro- 
vided, that the members of the first commission to be 
appointed shall so classify themselves by lot that one of 
their number shall go out of office at the end of the 
current fiscal year; two at the end of one year there- 
after, and the other two at the end of two years there- 
after. Men and women shall be equally eligible to 
appointment. 

Section 2. Said commission shall annually elect a 
chairman from its own number and shall make rules and 
regulations for the conduct of its business. It shall 
meet at least quarterly and at such other times as it may 
deem expedient. It shall appoint a secretary to serve 
during its pleasure and fix the compensation to be paid 
such secretary. The members of said commission shall 
serve without compensation, but be allowed their actual 
and necessary traveling and incidental expenses while 
attending meetings of the commission. 

Section 3. It shall be the duty of said commission : 
First — To collect and preserve statistics and other 
mformation of or concerning libraries. 

Second — To give advice and render available assist- 
ance to California libraries applying for the same. 



Third — To establish within the means at its dis- 
posal a traveling library system. 

Fourth — In general to otherwise promote the es- 
tablishment, growth, and maintenance of libraries in Cal- 
ifornia. 

Section 4. Said commission shall have power to 
administer any trust declared or created for any purpose 
tending to promote the interests of California libraries, 
or any of them, and to receive by gift, devise, or be- 
quest, and hold in trust or otherwise, property situate in 
this State or elsewhere and where not otherwise provided 
to dispose of the same for the benefit of such libraries. 

Section 5. There is hereby appropriated for the sup- 
port of said commission, out of any moneys in the State 
treasury not otherwise appropriated for the fifty-fifth and 
fifty-sixth fiscal years, the sum of $3,000. 

Section 6. This act shall take effect immediately. 

It would be both pertinent and profitable, if space 
permitted, to give even a brief sketch of the valuable 
work done by State library commissioners. It may be 
briefly said, however, that the States which have under- 
taken the work of library extension have usually done 
so by means of a library commission. Massachusetts 
established the first one in 1900, and its work has been 
so effectively performed that there is not a single incor- 
porated town in that commonwealth which does not pos- 
sess a free public library. 

By the end of 1900 seventeen States had established 
such commissions. These advise and aid in the estab- 
lishment of free public libraries, send out traveling 
libraries to weak communities, maintain library schools — 
in short, employ the library as an active practical factor 
in the educational development of the State. 

Is not such a commission urgently needed to foster 
and quicken the library movement in California.' If 
this be admitted, shall not the California Federation 
give this beneficent measure its cordial and generous sup- 
port .'' 

As a first means to make this assistance available, 
I would suggest that the act be read to the clubs which 
have undertaken to aid the free library movement. 

Earnestly and respectfully submitted, 

Susanne R. Patch. 

The Contemporary Club of this city has just sent 
a traveling library to Kenwood, Sonoma County, at the 
request there of the trustees of Los Guillicos school 
district. 



[8 



;j-»ciTy 




^'t:^ 

)i*ii««j 



:S 



The Saturday Club has secured Edward 
MacDowell, the noted New York pianist and composer, 
for a piano recital, to be given at the Congregational 
Church, at the club's regular meeting, Saturday, Janu- 
ary 3d. 

MacDowell occupies the Chair of Music in the 
Columbia University, and his talent, both as a composer 
and a performer, is recognized in Europe and America. 

The club has also arranged for the appearance, Feb- 
ruary I ith, of Zelie de Lussan,whom many critics regard 
as the greatest Carmen the operatic stage has ever known. 

Tuesday Club. Many social good times are 
being planned for the holiday week. The Tuesday Club's 
reception, which will be on December 30th, designated as 
" Gentlemen's Day," promises to eclipse all former efforts. 
The committees are busily at work, and the day is sure 
to be one of great enjoyment. Many other pleasant 
and instructive meetings are booked for the remainder 
of the season. Among them are: January 6th, "The 
Latest in Literature," Mrs. Mary Fairweather of San 
Francisco; January 20th, "Booker T. Washington's 
School at Tuskeego," Mr. H. Weinstock, and papers by 
members of the club; February 3d, "Lincoln," by Rev. 
Dr. Brown; February 7th, "The Newspaper Woman," 
Mabel Clare Craft; March 3d, " Young Ladies' Day," 
Miss Lorena Hoag, reader; March 17th, address. Judge 
Peter J. Shields, papers from members of the club ; 
March 21st, election of officers. 

The Ringsley Art Club meets January 5th, 
at the home of Mrs. Wilbur George. The hostess and 
Miss Shorb are to prepare the papers for the day, the 
subjects being " Romanesque Architecture under Charle- 
magne," and "Architecture in Germany during the 
Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries." 

The Ladies' Choral Society are working 
hard for their concert in February. Instead of rehearsing 
on their last meeting night, they attended their director's 
Class Recital and rendered very pleasingly the first num- 
ber of the program, " The First Primrose," by Grieg. 

The Junior Saturday Club had a most 
delightful meeting December 13th. In addition to the 
program rendered by the members, several extra num- 
bers were given by Marguerite O'Brien and Irma Hoffelt 
of this city, and Edward Kolb of Fort Wayne, Ind. 
The Juniors are looking forward with great pleasure to 
the MacDowell Recital, January 3d, to which, as a club, 
they have been invited by the Saturday Club. 

The Northern District of the State Federation held 
its district meeting December i6th, in the Crocker Art 
Gallery in Sacramento, Mrs. E. P. Colgan presiding in 
the absence of the Vice-President, Mrs. William Beck- 
man. There was a large attendance of clubwomen. 
Mrs. Kate Bulkley, State President, and Mrs. J. W. 
Orr, State Secretary, with Mrs. H. Weinstock, the State 
Treasurer, were guests of the district. Reports from 
club presidents, an address by the State President, 
with music, both vocal and instrumental, the election of 
members to serve on the Nominating and Credential 
Committees completed the work of the session. 



Heraldry CM 

A Lecture delivered by Mr. Robert H. Fletcher, Curator of the Mark ^ift 
Hopkins Institute of Art, before the California Club, September ' 

16, 1902. 

There is no doubt that there is something person- 
ally fascinating in one's ancestry, and heraldry is its 
symbol. Burke's " Peerage " may not be very interesting 
to the careless reader, not much more so, in fact, than a 
Congressional report, but to the reader of much reading, 
with an imagination, it is a fine field. Open the bulky 
red volume at haphazard, for instance, and read : 

" The Duffs of Muirtown, represented by Geor- 
giana Huntley, only surviving child. 

" FAMILY OF DUFF. 

" David Duff" of Moldavid, who married Mary Chal- 
mers, charter February 4, 1404, left a son and succes- 
sor, John Duff^ of Moldavid, charter of February 12, 
1442, succeeded by John Duff" of Moldavid, who wadset 
Moldavid to James of that ilk, and was succeeded by 
his son. 

"John Duff, who confirmed the wadset, and was suc- 
ceeded by Andrew Duff of Moldavid, who redeemed 
the wadset of Moldavid from James Inness of that ilk, 
and received a charter from King James, June 16, 1504, 
and who married Helen Hay, granddaughter of John 
Lord of the Forest of Boin and Tilliebody, and died 
leaving issue, John, who died fighting, and George, who 
went into the church." 

And so they go on down the centuries, these Duffs, 
being born, marrying, fighting, sometimes on the right 
side, thereby acquiring lands and titles ; sometimes on 
the wrong side, losing lands and titles, and very often 
that more precious possession, their heads. At the end 
of it all we read : Arms : Vert, a fesse dancettee erm, be- 
tween a hart's head cabossed in chief and two escallops 
in base; or. Crest: A winged heart. Motto: "Kind 
heart be true." 

And this strange bit of heraldic language tells the 
long story of the Duffs of Muirtown. It is a condensed 
romance. How did they come by their deer's head? 
Perhaps some Duff was the keeper of the good-hearted, 
canny old James's royal preserves, or maybe made the 
Queen a present of a fine haunch of venison from his 
estate of Tilliebody after having removed the "wadset." 
Less acts than that have given a man royal favor and a 
coat of arms, and the motto, " Kind heart be true." 
Was it pretty Helen Hay, granddaughter of the Lord of 
the Forest of Boin, who brought that bit of sentiment 
into the family coat of arms.'' Indeed, there is a deal of 
sentiment to be found all through the mottoes on old 
coats of arms ; a ringing sound of daring feats of hero- 
ism mingled with tenderness and love for women. 

Heraldry, we have good reason for believing, had 
its inception in the earliest period of mankind, although 
its development into a science is of comparatively recent 
date. At the risk of seeming to play the pedagogue 
before so intelligent and learned an audience, perhaps it 
would be just as well to explain exactly what is meant 
by heraldry, since misunderstandings sometimes arise 
from a lack of precision in the use of words. Indeed, 
some of the most famous controversies have had nd 
bigger origin. • 

Heraldry, then, is a science which teaches how to 
blazon or explain in proper terms all that belongs to ar- 
morial bearings or coats of arms. In a more enlarged 
sense, it comprehended at one time whatever related to 
the marshaling of solemn cavalcades, processions, and 
other public ceremonies at coronations, installations, crea- 
tions of peers, nuptials, christening of princes, funerals, 
etc. Indeed, the word suggests the herald, that important 



9] 



jvn o person who, gotten up in a costume covered with the 
^ ,^ insignia of his royal or princely master, appears before 
^ijC the castle gates or approaches to the camp with a fan- 
fare of trumpets to deliver his message of war, or 
peace, as the case might be. But the science of heraldry 
has only an etymological connection with this picturesque 
and romantic figure. It no longer carries with it the 
significance of war or peace, or the marriage of prin- 
cesses, but rather it is a sort of pictorial "blue book " — 
a sort of illustrated " who's who." 

I have stated that heraldry, from its inception, em- 
braced the history of mankind. While we have no ac- 
tual proof of the use of heraldic titles in prehistoric 
races, we are entitled to surmise their use from the ear- 
liest days from the fact that when any man performed a 
notable deed or exhibited any remarkable trait, he became 
known by that singularity. Our own Indians used these 
designations, such as Running Deer, who was swift ; 
Three Scalps, who was a fighter; The Cayote, who was 
wise, and others of like titles. It is probable, therefore, 
that our most ancient ancestors, whose bones have for 
ages lain buried in the post glacial drift, were known to 
each other as " Slayer of Mammoths," " Stone-breaker," 
and so forth. If there was an artist among them, no 
doubt he blazoned these names in rude pictures on their 
breasts or on the rocks of their cave dwellings. And 
these names served no doubt as rallying points for the 
weaker of their brethren. I once knew an artist of the 
stone age, a young Indian in the Northwest Territory, 
who scraped the buffalo hide with a flint and painted 
upon it pictures with pigments of colored earth and 
grease. He was rather ashamed of his art, by the way. 
Not that it was looked upon with scorn by the others of 
his tribe, so far as I could learn, but rather, I fancy, be- 
cause he felt abased by his own crude efforts before the 
white man, who represented so much more advanced 
a civilization. At any rate, this artist (himself a most 
artistic creation) drew pictures of events in which his 
tribe was represented by their device, and which aroused 
their tribal enthusiasm just as our bit of bunting with its 
stars and stripes leads us today to the patriotic sacrifice 
of our lives for our country. The white man, by the 
way, was a comparative rarity on the frontier at that 
time, and was represented with a stovepipe hat. I do 
not know that it was intended to be a high silk hat, be- 
cause I cannot fancy such a thing getting into that coun- 
try at that time, but it looked like it, and was adopted by 
the Indians as a sort of heraldic device to represent the 
pale face. 

Symbols have in all ages been assumed by mankind 
to designate his tribe, his family, his friend and his 
enemy. Such were the lion of the tribe of Judah, the 
ox of the Egyptians, the bear of the Goths, the horse 
of the Saxons, which were borne before the tribe on 
staves, the forerunner of the banner. I remember riding 
on a train in England a good many years ago, and lifting 
my eyes idly from my book, being confronted by the 
Great White Horse. This figure is cut out of the sod 
on the hillside, showing the white marl beneath. It was 
carved by the Saxons before the conquest, and it was 
rather of a sensation to have the mind thus suddenly 
jerked back a thousand and more years. 

Arms or coats of arms are marks of honor, made 
up of certain figures and colors. They are either heredi- 
tary or granted by sovereigns as a reward for military 
valor, public service, or shining virtue, and they serve to 
denote the descent and alliance of the bearer. They are 
also used to distinguish states, cities, societies — civil, 
ecclesiastical, literary, etc. 

While heraldry is the science of arms, heraldry is 
but a modern invention as compared to arms. How the 




Loewenthars 



Taih 



or 



For 

Men and Women 

914 Market Street 
SAN FRANCISCO 



R1^ • /Y* Dcsig^ier and manufacturer of 

. rSujannon fine jewelry i 

special 
attention 
given to 
repairing 
jewelry 

Old gold 
and silver 
bought 

Diamond 

work a jl 

specialty ■ 

17 Lick St. 
Lick House 
San Fran*co 



Mercey Water 

Bottled at the Mercey Hot Springs, Fresno Co, 

Is a wonderful cure for painful 
and irregular menstruations 

Rheumatism, Stomach, Bladder and Kidney Troubles 
A Blood and Nerve builder. Nature's Tonic 

mercey mineral spring CO. 



Phone Jessie 3411 



1 8 McAllister Street 



MR. G. FLAMM 

has just returned from Europe 
with an assortment of 

London^ Paris^ Berlin 
and Vienna Models 

for the Autumn and Winter Seasons 
1435 Polk Street^ S. F. 

Miss M. L. Sweeney 

MILLINER 
Room 2g, 121 Post Street, San Francisco 

Pattern Hatt and Noveltict a Specialty 



Old gold and silver taken in exchange 



M. KLICH, Anllquar 



Ye Olde German Curiosity Shop 

All kinds ol Antiques. Silver Ware, Bronre, Porcelain, Old Embroidery, 
Brie a-Brac. Etc., bought, sold and exchanged 

526 DUPONT STREET 
Bet. Pine and California San Francisco, California 



[«o 



I term " arms " originated in connection with heraldry is un- 
I certain. Sir George MacKenzie, in his treatise of " Hcr- 
' aldrv, 1680," says they took their origin from the patriarch 
Jacob, who, blessing his sons, gave them marks of dis- 
tinction, which the twelve tribes bore on their banners. 
[ Sir John Feme, in his "Glory of Generosity," published 
in 1586, thinks arms were borrowed from the Egyptian 
hieroglyphics. Sir William Dugdale, in his "Ancient 
Usage of Arms," 1682, maintains that arms as marks 
of honor were first used by great commanders in war to 
publish their persons to their friends and followers. The 
learned Alexander Nisbet, in his " System of Heraldry," 
says that arms owe their rise and beginning to the light 
of nature, and that signs and marks of honor were made 
use of in the first ages of the world and by all nations, 
however simple and illiterate, to distinguish the noble 
from the ignoble. 

■ Reference is frequently made in the Scriptures to 
the arms worn by men of note. In Exodus is a descrip- 
tion of a breastplate worn by Aaron, set with twelve 
precious stones, signifying the twelve tribes of the chil- 
dren of Israel. In Numbers, instruction is given to 
Moses and Aaron that each tribe shall camp by its own 
standard and with the ensign of their father's house. 
Numerous references are made elsewhere to banners and 
the signets of the King. 

ij We find in Homer, Virgil and Ovid that their 

heroes had certain figures on their shields whereby they 
were known. Alexander the Great, to honor those of 
his captains who distinguished themselves and to excite 
emulation among the others, bestowed certain badges to 
be worn on their armor and banners, ordering at the 
same time that no other chief or potentate in his empire 
should presume to grant these distinctions, reserving that 
right for himself, an example since followed by all mon- 
archs. Plutarch, in his " Life of Marius," says that the 
Cimbrians and Teutons bore upon their shields, helmets 
and banners the figures of fierce animals or birds to 
affright their enemies, a practice usual among the Chi- 
nese, and in fact among all barbaric races. 

There is little doubt, however, that heraldry as a 
science came into use about the end of the eleventh cen- 
tury. According to Father Menestrier, a French writer, 
whose opinion Mr. Porny, in his admirable book on the 

■ subject, gives great weight, according to Father Menes- 
trier, Henri I'Oifeleur (the falconer), who was raised to 
the imperial throne of the West in 920, by regulating 
tournaments in Germany gave occasion to the establish- 
ment of family arms or hereditary marks of honor, which 
are undeniably more ancient and better observed among 
the Germans than in any other nation. This author as- 
serts that coats of arms first took shape in tournaments, 
being a sort of livery made up of several fillets or nar- 
row pieces of stuff of divers colors, from whence came 
the terms Fess, Bend and Pale, which were the original 
charges of family arms. 

I The term " Blazon," in use in heraldry to describe 

or delineate a coat of arms, is supposed to come from 
tournaments, it being derived from the German word 
blazen, which signifies to sound a horn or trumpet, as 
was the custom of knights entering that honorable game 
to announce their arrival in the lists, whereupon the her- 
alds sounded their trumpets and proceeded to display 
and describe the coat of arms worn by the knights. 

The Crusades, too, those remarkable expeditions 
undertaken against the Turks for the recovery of the 
I Holy Land, added much to heraldry. It increased the 

f' devices in use to a great extent by the introduction of 
the escallop shell, worn by the pilgrims as a mark of 
their having made the journey to the Holy Sepulchre ; 

If [also the martlet, seen on coats of arms as the distinguish- 



ing mark of the fourth son. This curious little bird is 
represented small, sideways, without feet, and with its 
wings closed. French writers of heraldry call it " mer- 
lette," which is the diminutive for a blackbird ; English 
writers say it is the " martin," which inhabits the eaves of 
houses, and whose feet are so short as to be seldom seen 
and their wings so long that should they alight on level 
ground they would not be able to arise, whence it is rep- 
resented without feet. In coats of arms it is given to 
younger sons to put them in mind "that in order to 
raise themselves they must trust rather to their wings of 
virtue and merit than to their legs, having little or no 
land to set their feet upon." The probability is that it 
is an imaginary bird invented by the heralds, who have 
invented many strange and curious things. The bezant 
is another device due to the Crusades, being the current 
coin of old Byzantium, now called Constantinople, and 
brought back by the Crusaders as a proof of their er- 
rand. Since then, however, according to the erudite and 
ever delightful Mr. Porny, they are borne in the coats 
of arms of those who have acquired riches by being 
treasurers, bankers, or having places in the custom- 
house. You will remember that in"Ivanhoe," that gallant 
young knight having incurred the displeasure of his 
father, goes to the Crusades under Richard CcEur de 
Lion with an uprooted oak tree on his shield, and is 
known as the " disinherited knight." And when the 
wounded Ivanhoe lies helpless in the castle of Front de 
Bosuf, and the fair Rebecca standing at the window re- 
lates the battle that is taking place at the storming of the 
castle, a certain warrior who performs wonderful feats of 
arms is described by her as a " knight clad in sable armor 
bearing upon his shield something resembling a bar of 
iron and a padlock painted blue," which Ivanhoe inter- 
prets " a fetterlock and shackle bolt azure." " I know 
not," he groans, " who may bear that device, but well I 
ween it might now be mine own !" referring to his cap- 
tivity and helplessness. The author himself says in a 
foot-note that he has been upbraided with false heraldry 
in having charged metal upon metal. It should be 
remembered, however, he continues, that heraldry had 
only its first rude origin during the Crusades, and that 
all the minutiffi of the fantastic science were the work of 
time and introduced much later. 

From all of which it may be asserted that while dis- 
tinctive emblems have been borne from the earliest ages, 
heraldry, after having been a vague and unsettled cus- 
tom, was methodized and perfected by the Crusades and 
the tournaments. Furthermore, that these marks of 
honor are called arms from their being worn by military 
men who had them depicted on shields and helmets ; 
and that they were called coats of arms from the custom 
of embroidering them on the coats the knights wore 
over their arms, garments sometimes of the most gor- 
geous descriptions — silks and velvets heavily embroidered 
with gold and silver. 

Now the study of all the various and multitudinous 
parts of heraldic arms is an involved and complicated one. • 
It will be sufficient for our purpose to refer only to the 
more essential characteristics. To begin with, then, 
these may be classed under four heads — the escutcheon, 
the tinctures, the charges, and the ornaments. 

The escutcheon, or shield, is always used as the 
ground or field on which the figures that make up a coat 
of arms are presented, for the reason that these devices 
were first of all borne upon shields, that oldest and most 
primitive of man's defensive armor. The shield is in 
heraldic language called escutcheon, and it is of a great 
variety of forms. There is an ancient shield shaped like 
a horseshoe. The Trojans had a shield triangular, 
rounded at the bottom ; another is heptagonal, like an 



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elongated kite, having seven sides. It is said that Marc 
Antony was the first to use a shield of this nature. 
Knights' banneret have a square shield on account of 
the banner being square. There is a family in Spain 
who bear their arms in a shield of this shape, also on ac- 
count of an ancestor who, having had his banner beaten 
down in battle, cut a square from his cloak and put it up 
as a standard to recall the scattered army. We have 
shields oval and shields octagonal ; in fact, in every va- 
riety of form, with scrolls and convolutions such as the 
fancy of the carver or painter suggested. There is a 
limitation, however, in the shape of the escutcheons of 
maids and widows and of such noble ladies who married 
private gentlemen ; these must content themselves with 
a lozenge-shaped escutcheon, which probably had its 
origin in a " fusil," as it is called in French, which is a 
figure somewhat longer than a lozenge and signifying a 
spindle. 

The various parts of the escutcheon are minutely 
specified and named, the upper part being the " chief," 
the lower the " base "; the right of the shield is " dex- 
ter " and the left " sinister "; the center is the " fess," 
above it the " honor point," and below it the " nombril 
point." 

Next to the escutcheon comes the *' tincture," which 
is the hue that is given to shields and to the figures they 
bear. The tincture is divided into two classes, "colors " 
and " fur." Color, of course, is the dye or paint used. 
But right here I must again call your attention to the 
fact that this business of heraldry is a most fantastic one, 
of an imaginative or poetic turn. As the science devel- 
oped it became more imaginative and poetical, even to 
the extent of extravagance — French, English, Italian 
and German heraldic authorities outdoing each other as 
a matter of national pride. And so while the coloring 
of the coats of arms would seem a simple affair, it is on 
the contrary quite a complicated one. The colors them- 
selves, red, blue, green, etc., are always represented in 
three ways — by metals, by precious stones, and by plan- 
ets. These express a distinction in the rank of their 
holders, planets being used by sovereigns (kings, emper- 
ors, princes) ; precious stones by nobles above the rank of 
baronets, and colors and metals by baronets, knights, and 
gentlemen. Thus yellow for a sovereign wouldbe spoken 
of or blazoned as Sol, the sun ; for a duke, as topaz ; for 
a knight, as or, gold. White would be referred to in 
a king's coat of arms as Luna, the moon; in an earl's 
as pearl, and in a baronet's as argent, silver ; and so on. 
Red in the planets is Mars ; in the precious stones, ruby; 
in the metal or color, gules. Blue in the planet is Jupi- 
ter ; in the stone, sapphire; in the metal or color, azure. 
Volumes have been written in learned dispute over the 
fancied dignity or excellence and hidden qualities of these 
colors, the most subtle illusions and scholarly learning 
being brought into play to add to their significance. 
Black, for instance, being claimed as the most ancient and 
noblest because darkness was on the face of the earth in 
the beginning. After this comes white, because God said, 
fiat lux, "let there be light," and soon. Those of you, 
who have interested yourselves in looking at coats of 
arms, will have noticed that in woodcuts or engravings 
of them, where no color other than printer's ink is used, 
a peculiar form of shading is in vogue, some of the 
shields being shaded in horizontal lines, some in diag- 
onal, some cross-hatched, and others dotted. This is a 
method adopted to represent color, and is said to have 
been invented by Father Silvester de Petra Sancta, an 
Italian writer of the middle ages. In this scheme white 
is the blank shield; yellow is expressed by fine dots; red 
is expressed by perpendicular lines ; blue by horizontal 
lines, etc. The advantage of this plan, saving as it does 



all the laborious and artistic work of using pigments, is 
evident. The first instance of coats of arms being so 
represented in England is in a print of the " bloody 
warrant" for the execution of King Charles I. Before 
that the tinctures were represented by the first letter 
of the name when the escutcheon was not actually tinted. 

I have said that tinctures were divided into colors 
and furs. The furs represent the lining of robes of 
state, such as ermine, and are used in heraldry not only 
for the linings of the mantels, which form a part of the 
entire coat of arms, but also to represent a field in the 
shield itself. For instance in tincturing a shield, one 
that is white with small triangular black spots over it, 
like the little black spots in the fur of ermine, would be 
called a field argent, with spots sable and this would be 
called "powdering." Now if we have a black field in 
which these spots are white it would be designated, field, 
sable, powdering argent, and would be known as erm- 
mois. 

Vair is another fur represented by figures of little 
bells or cups reversed ranged in a line in a certain man- 
ner. They are either argent and azure (white and blue) 
or the reverse ; when it is doubtful which, the metal, 
that is, the silver, is always given pre-eminence. More- 
over the little figures must be arranged in a certain way, 
that is the base (or the lower part of the shield) argent, op- 
posite to the base azure. Then if your vair (or fur) is of 
different tinctures, or colors, and not jointly of argent and 
azure, you must express that fact in blazoning, and say, 
for instance, if they are yellow and red : " Vair, or and 
gules." Sometimes the little bells or cups in this fur are 
placed base against base, instead of base to point, in 
which case in blazoning or describing the coat you must 
say counter, vair. From all of which it will be seen 
that caution is required in the use of color and fur in 
blazoning, since the color of one hair will suffice to make 
the coat belong to somebody else. 

Sir Walter Scott, who prided himself on his knowl- 
edge of heraldry, resented the imputation of making 
such a mistake in the case of the shield of the unknown 
hero previously referred to, as charging metal upon 
metal. This heraldic crime is derived from the fact that 
the custom of embroidering gold and silver on silk, or 
silk on cloth of gold and silver, in the garments worn 
by nobles, exercised much influence on heraldic devices, 
and so the heralds decreed that color should not be used 
on color (that is, silk on silk) or metal on metal, as gold 
on silver, metal being always charged on color. 

Escutcheons are either all of one color or are divided 
by lines into several fields or grounds. When they are 
all of one tincture, that is, when some color, metal or fur 
is spread over all the shield, such as red (gules) or silver 
(argent) or spotted ground (ermine), that tincture is said 
to be predominant. Dividing lines between different 
tinctures may be a perpendicular through the center or 
a horizontal or diagonal. Sometimes they are straight, 
sometimes wavy, some are indented, some embattled, 
there being no less than ten difl^erent kinds. Thus, if 
the upper part of the shield is separated by a wavy line, 
it is a "chief wavy," and that would be a different affair 
from an engrailed line or "chief engrailed." Moreover, 
if the line dividing the shield into two equal parts is per- 
pendicular, it is called "parted per pale"; if by a hori- 
zontal line, "parted per fess." A shield divided into 
four equal parts is said to be quartered or parted per 
cross. The escutcheon is sometimes divided into a great 
number of parts in order to place in the arms of several 
families to which its owner becomes allied, all of which 
arc spoken of as quarters. On state occasions some- 
times all of these quarterings are set forth, an instance 
of this sort being given of a Vicountess Townshend, 



[<* 



whose funeral took place in Ireland in 1770, on which 
occasion a retainer of the household carried a banner be- 
fore the hearse containing the quarterings of the family 
to the amount of 160 coats, a gratification of family 
pride which must have given as much satisfaction to the 
corpse as the old negro woman whose life-long ambition 
had been to own a black silk dress and who succeeded 
in saving enough money to buy one in which to be 
buried. 

Armorists call a charge whatsoever is contained in 
the field, whether it occupies the whole or only a part. 
I presume that you have gained from what has been 
already said a faint idea of the multiplicity and intricacy 
of designs in those branches of the escutcheon which we 
have already touched upon, but they are simple and few 
as compared with the charges. I will not therefore 
weary you with an attempt to consider these seriously. 
Briefly it may be stated that the charges are divided into 
honorable ordinaries, subordinate ordinaries and com- 
mon charges. Honorable ordinaries are the principal 
charges in heraldry, and consist of lines only, that is to 
say, bands, horizontal, perpendicular, diagonal, crosses, 
chevrons, etc., straight, engrailed, wavy and of various 
tinctures. Subordinate ordinaries are ancient heraldic 
figures distinguished by terms appropriated to them. 
Common charges are composed of celestial, natural and 
artificial and chimerical figures, such as planets, creatures, 
flowers, instruments of war or chase, etc. And accord- 
ing as these are displayed so they are blazoned, as "a 
sun in glory," "a sun eclipsed," "a moon in her comple- 
ment," "a crescent." We have all parts of the body, 
"a sinister hand," "a leg couped at the thigh," "three 
legs armed," "a blackamoor's head." Of animals there 
are all sorts, the most familiar being "the lion rampant," 
that is, upright. " Lion passant," that is, walking; 
" lion dormant " or resting, the lion being considered 
the king of beasts, as the dolphin is of fishes. There 
are all sorts of commercial emblems, and even the pic- 
ture of a man hanging on a gibbet appears in one coat 
of arms. 

The ornaments that accompany or surround es- 
cutcheons were introduced to denote the birth, dignity 
or office of the person to whom the coat of arms per- 
tains. They consist of crowns, coronets, mitres, helmets, 
mantlings, crests, scrolls and supporters. Each one of 
these has a particular meaning. The crown, helmet, hat 
or mitre, as you know, is placed over the coat of arms. 
The mantlings are pieces of cloth, jagged or cut into 
flowers or scrolls, which nowadays serve as an ornament. 
Originally they were coverings of helmets, used to pro- 
tect them from the weather, and it has been surmised 
that after emerging from battle they were, if their owners 
were brave knights, hacked and torn into their present 
arnamental shape. Sometimes these mantlings were 
Hade of skins of beasts. 

The scroll is the ornament placed under the es- 
:utcheon and generally contains a motto or the name. 
Supporters are figures standing on the scroll at each side 
jf the escutcheon. Menestrier says that the custom of 
laving supporters arose from the tournaments, where 
he knights had their shields borne in by two servants 
vho were dressed fantastically as bears, lions, griffins, 
':tc. Other writers refer it to the custom of having the 
ecipient of royal honors led before the king by two of 
lis peers. 

The crest is the highest part of the ornaments of a 
oat of arms. Originally they were greater marks of 
lonor than coats of arms, because they were worn only 
)y heroes of great valor. The crest of the British sov- 
eign is a lion gardant (full face forward), crowned; of 
he French king, a double flower-de-luce, or, as some be- 



lieve it to be, the head of the ancient French javelin. A^Ptift 
The crest is generally borrowed from the supporters or T*'*" 
some one of the charges of the coat. jSt\\t 

There are many other departments of heraldry, such 
as achievements or hatchments, those cumbrous and 
lugubrious devices placed over the doorways of deceased 
noblemen; the blending or marshaling of coats with 
coats, orders of knighthood, and so forth, all of which, 
however interesting to the student, I will not tax your 
patience with describing. 

Heraldry as a practical and useful science in the 
noble art of "jousting" or the more perilous occupa- 
tion of cleaving helmeted skulls with a battle-axe or 
piercing armored breasts with lances in the battle a I'ou- 
trance has passed away. This is an age of machinery, 
we kill with ingenious mechanical devices, not with the 
might of our good right hand. Those famous old fight- 
ers. King Arthur and Sir Modred, Lancelot and Gala- 
had, belong to a past age; they are for poets like Lord 
Tennyson and for painters like Abbey. Our modern 
captain, with a pressure of his scholarly finger that would 
scarce dimple a baby's cheek, sends the electric current 
on its fatal errand that may result in the slaughter of a 
hundred, nay a thousand men. What is banner or 
shield to such a deadly messenger, though it bear the 
quarterings of a hundred earls ? Down it must go, kings' 
coat and earls', knights', squires' and men-at-arms. Old 
Merlin may shut himself up again in his tree, and the 
beautiful white arm all clothed in samite that lifted that 
marvelous sword of King Arthur's from the bosom of 
the lake may take the sword back again. We have no 
further use for them. 

One would imagine that heraldry would disappear 
under these conditions. And so it has to a certain ex- 
tent. No Di Vernon of today grows indignant if her 
lover fails to know the difi^erence between "dexter" and 
"sinister," "honor point" and "nombril point," and 
although they still have heralds and heralds' offices in 
the capitals of Europe, the office has become, like the 
Lord High Custodian of the Royal Snuff-box and the 
First Gentleman of the King's Bootjack, very largely a 
sinecure, in comparison with its old time importance and 
activity. Nevertheless, because heraldry had its begin- 
ning in human nature, so long as human nature survives, 
heraldry in some form will likewise survive. In the old 
countries heraldic devices will always be retained for the 
past that they represent. As well ask a man to give up 
his name of Smith as to ask him to give up the mailed 
hand clasping a hammer, which for centuries his ancestral 
Smiths have worn on their shields, and which today Papa 
Smith has painted on the panel of his carriage, and 
Mama Smith has embossed on her note-paper. To 
be sure young Cornet Smith, of the First Regiment of 
Foot, does not wear that mailed hand grasping a ham- 
mer embroidered on his regimental hat, but when he 
goes into action against the Pathans in India or the 
Boers in South Africa we may be pretty sure it is em- 
blazoned on his heart; and while he is stoutly encourag- 
ing his men on the firing line, though he may not cry, 
"A Smith! A Smith to the Rescue!" as his ancestors 
did of old, we may be pretty sure he is thinking it just 
the same. 

And not only do the heraldic devices achieved in a 
past age still continue to be put to mild mannered uses 
at the present time by their owners, but they are often- 
times adopted by people who have not been habitually 
using them. When a family in Europe succeeds in 
amassing a fortune and buys a country-place and enters 
society, in other words, when they have "arrived," as 
the French say, their first thought is to impress upon 
their neighbors the fact that their arrival is not by 



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any means recent after all, but had really occurred 
centuries ago. And what better way is there to ac- 
complish this than with a coat of arms — symbol of 
antiquity? And so they hie them straightway to the 
herald's office and that authority very soon traces out 
their lineage and discovers their right to bear certain 
armorial devices. I do not speak of this in the dispar- 
aging tone that some people choose to adopt toward 
such ambitions, because I consider family pride a trait to 
be encouraged when it adopts a healthful tone. It helps 
upright living. It is only when it leads to snobbish ser- 
vility or arrogance that it is obnoxious. And after all 
would not every one of us discover an ancestor at one 
time or another who had won for his descendants the 
right to bear a heraldic device, if we could go back far 
enough i 

And even in our own country, the inhabitants of 
which as it is well known have always shown democratic 
indifference to rank, making no more to-do over a visit- 
ing duke than they do over the most obscure commoner, 
as I say, even in our own country, coats of arms and 
crests have been very freely adopted. I remember that 
when a boy displaying your coatof arms, if you had one, 
was looked at as unrepublican and of questionable taste, 
but today it is quite universal. All of which brings us 
to the point that the significance of heraldic devices has 
changed. They are no longer regarded as symbols of 
royalty and aristocracy, but symbols of personal or social 
significance. Has not a republic as much right to these 
hieroglyphics which mean wisdom, courage, loyalty, 
brave deeds and shining virtues as monarchies and em- 
pires ? Surely, yes. As a matter of fact, the Republic 
has its coat of arms and every State in the Union has its 
coat of arms. 

Since the civil war there has been a remarkable 
movement in this country toward the formation of so- 
cieties, patriotic and heraldic. "The Society of the 
Colonial Wars," "The Society of Colonial Dames," the 
"Daughters of the Revolution," the "Military Order 
of the Loyal Legion," "The Society of the Cincinnati," 
and many others. All of these have their seal and some 
have their banner. Many of these societies do a great 
deal of good, preserving old monuments, landmarks, 
buildings, etc., erecting tablets and monuments at his- 
toric places, fostering patriotism and good government. 
Then there are the colleges, and art and literary institu- 
tions and societies, some of which have inherited coats of 
arms, while all have devices significant of their objects. 
Equally noteworthy is the movement of the last ten 
years for the formation of clubs and societies like your 
own for the advancement of a broader and better life in 
• the municipalities, and which have adopted insignia ex- 
pressive of these commendable objects. 

Now the desirability, it might even be said the 
necessity, for these organizations having a device symbol- 
izmg their work and aims is so apparent and so reason- 
able as to require neither argument nor apology. As a 
consequence of all this a new sort of heraldry has sprung 
up, which has called into play much ingenuity and artis- 
tic ability. At first blush you would perhaps imagine 
that it is easy to devise or combine figures expressing 
the ideas of a society such as this, for instance. But 
let no one think so until they have tried it. Indeed, it 
is one of the most difficult tasks. In proof of which we 
may refer to the large sums offered as prizes by the ex- 
positions which have taken place in this country, the 
Centennial at Philadelphia, the Columbian at Chicago, 
the Pan-American at Buffalo, and the one now in con- 
templation at St. Louis. I think the two great obstacles 
to success in this sort of work are, first, the natural 
tendency to do too much, to make the design too compli- 



cated; and, second, the ignoring of the principles of ^Pufi 
heraldic blazoning. Heraldry is a purely decorative art, ^ ,^ 
and as such has most fascinating possibilities both in i-'tl't 
form and color. Indeed, it is being studied as such by 
many artists now, especially in Europe. For tapestries, 
leather work, architectural ornamentation, mural decora- 
tion of all sorts and carvings, it is full of rich possibil- 
ities. For book plates, seals, coats of arms, and devices 
of all sorts an intimate knowledge of heraldic treatment 
is absolutely essential. Indeed, to make a good symbol, 
one that tells its story in a simple, decorative way, is so 
difficult of accomplishment that when it is done it comes 
more like a happy thought, an inspiration, than a work. 
When you have to labor over it and fill it up with detail 
to explain the motive, so that your most kindly disposed 
friend, while acknowledging that it is pretty, asks what 
it means, you may safely let it whisper its involved story 
to the waste-paper basket. 

In conclusion, I may quote Carlyle in his "Sartor 
Resartus," when Professor Teufelsdroch declares in his 
chapter on Symbols: " Have not I myself known five 
hundred living soldiers sabred into crow's meat for a piece 
of glazed cotton which they called their fiag, which had 
you sold it at any market cross would not have brought 
above three groschen. Did not the whole Hungarian 
nation rise like some tumultuous, moon-stirred Atlan- 
tic, when Kaiser Joseph pocketed their Iron Crown, 
an implement, as was sagaciously observed, in size and 
commercial value, little differing from a horseshoe. 
* * * It is in and through symbols that man 
consciously or unconsciously lives, works and has his 
being. Those ages, moreover, are accounted the noblest 
which can best recognize symbolical worth and prize it 
the highest. For is not a symbol ever, to him who has 
eyes for it, some dimmer or clearer revelation of the 
Godlike? And let but the Godlike manifest itself to 
sense; let but eternity look more or less visibly through 
the time, figure, then is it fit that men unite there and 
worship together before that symbol, and so from day to 
day, and from age to age, superadd to it new divine- 
ness." 

And so it may be and, in fact, should be with all 
people of the present day, men and women who buckle on 
their armor of purity and intelligence and banding them- 
selves together into societies, do battle against ignorance, 
ugliness and vice, that their device, be it on seal or ban- 
ner, should grow in meaning day by day, and attain, 
through the aims and ideals it symbolizes, and the vic- 
tories won, somewhat of the divineness which shines 
through all unselfish labor done in aid of one's fellow- 
kind. 

You would live longer and happier if you would 
only be quiet and fretless. The man who takes life as 
it comes and makes the best of it is the one who gets 
most out of it. 

I might define happiness as fidelity in friendship, 
love in marriage, moral courage, a devotion to duty, and 
a perfect sincerity in every relation in life. 

The Nominating Committee for the State Federa- 
tion is not yet quite complete, but the Districts have 
elected chairmen pro tem : Mrs. Mary E. Buss, Bakers- 
field ; Mrs. T. T. Knight, Los Angeles ; Mrs. W. R. 
Spaulding, Visalia ; Mrs. Julia Sanborn, Berkeley; Mrs. 
John Swift, San Francisco. 

A Seeress. Pierce the veil of the future and have 
your fiiture read. 714 Leavenworth (near Sutter), S. F. 



«5] 



Miss Elizabeth B. Easton 



Btfc 



TiACHiK or English Litihaturi, Rhetohic, and Histohy. 
Long Experience and Highest Citt References. 

Courses of study arranged in 

Engliih Literature, — Ten period), 

** ** — Individual authors. 

** ** — Nineteenth Century. 

Shakespeare, 
Browning. 

The Technique of English Verse. 
History, — Ancient, Medieval, Modern, English, German. 

Individual lessons to both adults and young persons a specialty ; terms^ $1.^0 per hour. 

MISS EASTON may be addressed at 

903 Suttee Street. 



Telephone 



'Polk 



1446." 



SEASON igo2-igo3 

SECOND SERIES 

..Zech Symphony Concerts.. 

— F i s c 6 e r' s T he a t e r = 



FIRST CONCERT, DECEMBER jo, 3:15 p. m. 

Sale of Season Tickets will open at Sherman, Clay & Co. 
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 27th 

Exclusive Direction, KENNETH L. BERNARD. 

Columbian Building, San Fraticisco, Calif. 

Graduate anti Pupil Teacher of Cooper Union, New 
Ltllte V. O Ryan y^^\^ Miniature Lessons from Life and Print. 

Painter of JANICE MEREDITH 

The Studio : Room 5, 424 Pine Street, San Francisco 

MISS SUSJNNE R. PATCH 

Teacher of Singing (^Lamferti Method) 

MISS NELLIE B. PATCH 

Teacher of Piano 

Residence and Studio : 1^21 Clay Street^ near Hyde 
Telephone Larkin 2281. 

DO YOU WISH 
TO BECOME 
SELF-SUSTAINING? 

If so, no occupation offers so attractive a field for an 
intelligent, ambitious young woman as stenography, 
and one so speedily remunerative. 

We give individual instruction, and secure positions 
for graduates. 

Day and Evening Classes 
Copying Done 
Stenographers Furnished 

If interested, call upon or write to the 

Merrill-Miller College 

855 Market Street 
Rooms 40-42, Parrott Building 



Telephone South 880 
Send for Catalogue 



KATHERINE L. MILLER 
Principal 



O. KAI & CO. 



»¥» 



Established 188A Phone Black )S66 

MainOtHce; I'oklo, Japan 



IMPORTERS OF JAPANESE ART GOODS 
)l6 Kearny Street San Francisco, Cal. 




Y. Fkumato, who has just returned from Japan 
after an absence of over four years, has located near his 
old show rooms. He is with the well-known firm of 
Nathan, Dohrmann & Co., 120 to 132 Sutter Street, 
where he has a large space allotted to show a consign- 
ment of original and fine old Japanese porcelains. 

Collectors of rare pieces which cannot be duplicated 
and those whose taste demands the very best for Christ- 
mas, New Year, birthday and wedding gifts will find this 
collection a bonanza to select from, and must hasten to 
inspect, select and buy before the principal pieces dwin- 
dle away. 

An ancient Japanese bow and arrow case containing 
two bows and fifteen arrows, and which originally be- 
longed to the royal family of Japan, is of special interest. 
It is finely lacquered in red, black and gold, and is a per- 
fect piece for a Japanese collection. 

Mammoth vases for long-stemmed chrysanthemums 
are worthy of attention also, not to mention innumerable 
dainty pieces for holiday presents. 

H. E. Skinner Co., late of 416 Market St., have 
removed to 801 Market St., cor. Fourth. They have 
one of the most attractive stores in the city, and in addi- 
tion to their large display of fire-arms and sporting 
goods, they are showing all the new things in pocket and 
table cutlery, Rogers' scissors, etc. 

The special holiday and New Year baskets contain- 
ing an assortment of the best groceries, sold by Smith's 
Cash Store, 25 Market St., should be known broadcast 
as a seasonable gift of good cheer. 

Any one requiring an absolutely pure olive oil, es- 
pecially for medicinal use, should ask for the Vincent 
C. Smith oil. It can be bought at the following places: 
Market St., Nos. 25, 565, 1016; Pine St., No. 432; 
Sutter St., No. 230; Geary St., No. 612; Devisadero 
St., Nos. 401, 500; Mission St., No. 1896. 

Juanita 

As Christmas draws near, tho' the sky's bright and clear. 
There's a chill in the air that may cost the skin dear. 

This Val Schmidt has foreseen, and against the wind keen. 
He gives us Velveta to act as a screen. 

Juanita knows this, and the cute little miss 
Keeps her skin like a fresh peach, inviting a kiss. 

San Francisco Blue BooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1903-1904, contains nameti 
addresses and ofEcers of the leading Women's Clubs. Address all 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 

U^e iSJerPify ^cfiooP of L§)arigaageA 

121 Qeary Street, Starr King Building, San Francisco. 

2 gold and 3 silver medals 
at Paris Exposition 

Ttlal leason Free on Bpplloatlon to 

Seoretary 
Commsrclal Claases 

SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

All languages iaughl by the flerlitz Method, the best and quickest 
ever devised. Competent Native Teachers. Private and class 
instruction. Nearly 200 branches, zvith 73,000 students in the 
principal cities of America and Europe. 





[*6 



The name 



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Stanley-Taylor" 



IS to 

Club Printing 
what the 
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is to silver 



The Stanley-Taylor Company 
656 Mission Street 
San Francisco 






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Ticket Office: 625 Market Street, San Francisco 



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The praise of pleased people who 
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Office, 641 Market Street, San Francisco 



I 



Book= Plates 



are an old conceit and a pretty one; 
modern fancy has revived the idea in 
a manner more modest and artistic 



Tbe book-plate of olden times 
was simply a crude engrav- 
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considered a bappy means of 
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In tbese days of beautiful 
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book lovers demand a plate 
tbat will not only add to tbe 
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A book-plate is really a de- 
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Samples of latest book-plates 
designed by leading; Illustra- 
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San Francisco 



PKINTtD BY THC •TANLIV-TAVLOR COHr*NT. (AN mANCiaCO 



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Club Life 



FUBLISHIID 



D Y 



TKe Club^sroman's Guild 

1529 California Jtreet J& Jan Francisco 
Office and Calling Hours < ■ lO A. M. to ^ F. M. 
TELEPHONE EAST 100& 

Contents 



Sempervirens Club of California . . . i 
California Outdoor Art League . . • 1,2 
California State Floral Society . . • 1 

Woman's Auxiliary of the Society of California 

Pioneers ...... 1 

Papyrus Club . . . . . . .3 

Corona Club ...... 3 

The New Fashion Leaders, — Frona Eunice Wait 3 
" Resolved, That Accumulation of Great Private 

Wealth Is a Menance to the Masses" — Mrs. 

N. y. Bird 4 

The Unsolved Problem — Mrs. I. Lowenberg . 5-8 
Sophie Terrace — Mrs. E. G. Lightner . . 8 



Daughters of the California Pioneers . . 8 
Library Department . . . . 9 

Children in Public Libraries . . 9 

Report of the Vice-Chairman, Northern 

District .... 9 

Mining — Josephine M. Todman . . 10, ii 
California International Sunshine Society . 12 

Sacramento Clubs . . • 13 

Founder of the Tuesday Club . . 13 

Boole Reviews . . . . • ^S 

Criterion Club, Alameda . . . 15 

Shopping News . . . . .16 



E tt t i r e d July 10, I g O 2 , as Second-class Matter 
Postoffice at San Francisco, Cal. Act of Congress of March j, iSjg 



Club Life 



Vol. 1. 



FEBRUARY, 1903 



No. lO. 



Sempervirens Club of California 



Save the Reduioodi 



President, Mrs. Lovell 'White, 1616 Clay Street. 

First Vice-President, Mrs. G.J. Bucknall, 11 21 Laguna Street. 

Vice-President San Jose District, John E. Richards. 

Vice-President Santa Cruz District, Mayor D. C. Clark. 

Vice-President San Mateo District, Judge G. C. Ross. 

Vice-President Alameda District, Hon. J. P. Irish. 

Financial Secretary, Wm. W. Richards, 164 Golden Gate Avenue. 

Treasurer, Sanford Bennett, Dunham, Carrigan & Co. 

Recording Secretary, Barton Cruikshank, Cogswell Polytechnic College. 

Corresponding Secretary, Miss Agnes Lowry, 848 Van Nets Avenue. 



Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Fannie I^nt, 699 Polk Street. 
General Secretary, Mist Mary G. Gorham, 799 Bush Street. 
Literary Secretary, Mrs. Carrie Stevens Walter, San Jose. 
Club Historian, Miis Elizabeth R. Robely, San Francisco. 
Official Artist, A. P. Hill, San Jose. 

DIRECTORS 

Mrs. Edward F. Glaser, San Francisco. 

Duncan McPherion, Santa Cruz. 

Misi Eliza D. Keith, Grand President N. D. G. W., San Franciico. 



This club was organized May i8, 1900, for the pur- 
pose of working for the preservation of that wonderful 
redwood forest of the Santa Cruz Mountains known, lo- 
cally, as the " Big Basin." The organization was effected 
in the Big Basin itself beside the first camp-fire of " Camp 
Sempervirens," by a party of enthusiastic men and women 
who had just completed as thorough an exploration of this 
remarkable forest as was possible for them at the time, — 
a work of several days. 

The party was a committee representing several im- 
portant bodies as, the Boards of Trade of Santa Clara 
and Santa Cruz Counties; the San Francisco Board of 
Supervisors; the Sierra Club; the Fish and Game Pro- 
tective Association ; the San Jose Woman's Club ; the two 
great universities — at Berkeley and Stanford; Santa Clara 
College; and, indirectly, other institutions that had been 
sent into the Big Basin by their respective organizations 
to inspect the forest and report the result, with a view to 
its preservation, if considered advisable. So impressed 
were the party with the great importance of preserving for 
posterity the magnificent forest they found there, that, 
before breaking camp, they formed the " Sempervirens 
Club " for systematic and combined work for this object. 
They were moved to this earnestness not only on account 
of the beauty and grandeur of this forest, and its value in 
protecting one of the State's most important watersheds, 
but also because these trees are a heritage to us from a per- 
glacial period, and exist in forests nowhere else in the 
world but on the narrow strip of California seacoast lying 
between Monterey on the south, and the Oregon line on 
the north. They are, therefore, a natural wonder, and 
should be preserved in the interests of science. 

The Sempervirens Club increased rapidly and soon 
had a membership of several hundred public-spirited men 
and women representing nearly all sections of California. 
Neither personal effort nor expense was spared by the 
active members in the work before them. So thoroughly 
was their campaign of education prosecuted that when in 
January of 1901 a measure was brought before the State 
Legislature for an appropriation to purchase the Big Basin 
park, it was championed by almost every section. It was, 
without doubt, owing to the tireless and unselfish efforts of 
the Sempervirens Club that the bill appropriating 
$250,000 for this purpose passed both Houses of the Leg- 
islature by an almost unanimous vote, and was signed by 
Governor Henry T. Gage. 

A tract of three thousand eight hundred acres of 



the Big Basin forest has recently been purchased by a 
Redwood Park Commission appointed by Governor Gage 
for that purpose, making one of the most remarkable public 
parks in the world. 

The Sempervirens Club has re-organized, since the 
park was purchased, upon a permanent working basis, and 
elected a set of officers and directors that represent as far 
as possible the State at large. 

The club feels that with the purchase of the park its 
one reason for existence is stronger than ever before. 
There is, without doubt, a mission for such an organization 
as the Sempervirens Club, which every public-spirited man 
and woman will recognize. There are roads to the park 
to be constructed, additional tracts of land to be acquired 
in order to properly protect and round it out, the possible 
acquirement of other and adjoining bodies of redwoods 
to add to it, in fact numberless things to be done in its 
interest, things that lie quite outside the duties of the Red- 
wood Park Commission, in which the Sempervirens Club 
can appropriately aid both the commission and the people 
of California. 

But the work of the club need not stop here. Pos- 
sibly in future its aid may be called to save other groves 
of sequoias — both sempervirens and gigantea — or other 
natural wonders that the Creator has so lavishly bestowed 
upon our State. The gospel of preservation needs teach- 
ers in our Great West, and of such is the Sempervirens 
Club. 

California Outdoor Art League 

At the last meeting held on the 12th inst., there 
were several very interesting reports submitted show^ing 
effective work on the part of committees in charge of the 
several departments of the league's work. 

Charles Webb Howard, President of the Spring Val- 
ley Water Works, has given his consent to having the sev- 
eral reservoirs of the company in various parts of the city 
and county planted with wild flowers. He furthermore 
promised to furnish the necessary seed. The league de- 
cided to plant the eschscholtzia or California poppy, and 
early this coming spring the grassy slopes of these reser- 
voirs will be studded with the bright golden blossoms. 

When this seed is planted the members of the league 
have decided to be present in a body. 

Mr. T. P. Woodward, member of the Board of Edu- 
cation of this city, has completed arrangements whereby 
garden-plats will be provided in the yards of the Lafayette 







[vp ft and Rincon Schools. This work will be inaugurated at 

■^^^ once and Mrs. Luther Wagoner and Mrs. C. C. Riedy 

piift will have charge of the respective schoolyards. The Board 

of Park Commissioners has agreed to furnish the plants 

and provide the workmen. 

Upon invitation of the Arbor Club of Stockton, quite 
a delegation of members of the Art League visited that 
city on Friday the i6th inst., the occasion being the cele- 
bration of Arbor Day. Carriages met the lady visitors 
at the depot and after the exchange of fraternal greetings, 
all took part in the interesting ceremonies of the day. The 
arrangements were complete in every particular. The 
schools adjourned, and many of the leading stores and 
places of business were also closed. It was a gala day for 
Stockton, and fully ten thousand people were on the streets 
showing their interest In the work of beautifying the city. 
The Daughters of the Revolution and Native Daughters 
of the Golden West and the Arbor Club, with Its member- 
ship of nearly nine hundred, participated In the planting of 
trees along nearly five miles of the streets of the city. 
These trees will be cared for and should any die or be 
damaged they will at once be replaced by the club ladles. 
The people of Stockton are profuse In their words of com- 
mendation for the ladies' clubs, and the San Francisco 
visitors returned with glowing accounts of the Interest and 
activity of their fraternal associates in Stockton. 
Mrs. Lovell White, President, 
Mary Cheney Clark, Press Correspondent. 

California State Floral Society 

The society held Its regular monthly meeting at Cen- 
tral Hall on Friday, Jan. 9th, at 2 o'clock. 

The meeting was most Interesting and many beauti- 
ful seasonable flowers were displayed. Mrs. Fanny Lent 
was voted a member of the society. Mrs. E. F. Adams 
resigned from Committee on Exhibition and Awards. 

The President appointed the following as members 
of Committee on Exhibition and Awards for 1903: 

Professor Emory E. Smith. Mrs. Catherine HIttell. 

Mrs. B. F. Henriksen. Mrs. Fanny Lent. 

Mrs. Charles Friedman. Mrs. E. F. Adams. 

Mr. J. R. Lichtenberg. 

Mr. Lichtenberg exhibited a dahlia at the previous 
meeting grown by himself, one year's growth, weight of 
bulbs 9 3-4 lbs., and the plant bore 1,400 flowers from May 
until October. 

Mr. Lichtenberg explained about the Ivy changing 
the shape of its leaves, more changes occurring in the older 
stems. 

The President also explained that the leaves of the 
eucalyptus also undergo a change in the shape and color 
and even the stems become changed as the plant grows 
older. 

Mr. Lange suggested that we have a Book Day and 
asked that one day be assigned to books every year and 
that each member contribute one or more to the society on 
that day. 

Mr. Lange addressed the society on the Importance 
of preserving our California forests. 

Prof. J. G. Lemmon read an interesting paper on the 
" Life of the late Dr. Charles Mohr (the greatest south- 
ern colonist) and His Relation to the Botany of Califor- 
nia." 

The Floral Society, through their President, re- 
quested that Professor Lemmon's paper be printed and 
distributed to the members. 

Professor Lemmon, who is ever genial and kind, 
very graciously consented to contribute his able paper pro 
beneficio publico. 



Woman's Auxiliary of the Society of 
California Pioneers 

What promises to be one of the most brilliant affairs 
of the season is the second annual celebration of the ced- 
ing by Mexico of California to the United States given by 
the Woman's Auxiliary Society of California Pioneers. 
Pioneer Hall will be the scene of festivities on the evening 
of February the seventh beginning at eight o'clock, and 
under the auspices of the organizer and president, Mrs. 
John H. Jewett, members and guests may be sure of a 
most delightful time. 

There will be an appropriate entertainment on the 
stage during the first of the evening, and then music and 
dancing. For those who will particularly enjoy the oppor- 
tunity of greeting old friends and talking over the " Days 
of '49," the large reception room will be open with its 
cozy corners and tete-a-tete chairs, and here a number of 
young ladies will serve refreshments. 

Besides members, those bidden to the anniversary 
are a number of municipal officers, army and navy, pres- 
idents of clubs, and many other distinguished people. 

The program, arranged by Mrs. James M. Goewey, 
Chairman of Music Committee, is as follows: 

1 Spanish Music ........ 

Mandolin Orchestra 

2 Reading, " Her Letter " Bret Harte 

Miss Jenne M. Long 

3 Banjo Solo, " William Tell " 

Mr. William H. Brodie 



4 Songs and Stories 

5 Spanish Songs 



Mr. Lloyd Spencer 



Senora Mojica 
(Fan Illustrations by Miss Jean Logan) 

6 Darkey Sketches ....... 

Miss Alexander 

7 Spanish Dance, "Fandango" ...•.• 

Miss Jean Logan 

8 Humorous Sketches ....... 

Mr. William J. Hynes 
Accompanist, Miss Katheryn Madden 

9 " Star Spangled Banner" ...... 

Miss Alma Berglund 

The objects of this association are: To promote an 
interest in, and collect facts pertaining to the early settle- 
ment of the State of California; to form a library and 
museum consisting of relics and historical subjects; and 
to create a feeling of unity among the members. 

Those eligible to membership: ist. Wives and 
lineal female descendants of members of the Society of 
California Pioneers. 2. Wives and widows and lineal 
female descendants of ex-members of the Society of Cal- 
ifornia Pioneers. 3. Widows and lineal female descend- 
ants of deceased members of the Society of California 
Pioneers. 4. Honorary members may be admitted with- 
out the foregoing qualifications, in the manner provided 
for in the By-Laws. 

The founders of this organization are : 

Mrs. Washington Ayer, Mrs. George J. Bucknall, 
Mrs. James M. Goewey, Mrs. S. W. Holladay, Mrs. John 
H. Jewett, Mrs. J. S. Martel, Miss Margaret O'Calla- 
ghan, Mrs. Milan Soule, Mrs. Peer Tiffany. 

The officers are: 

President, Mrs. John H. Jewett, 999 Bush Street. 

1st Vice-President, Mrs. John F. Swift, 824 Valencia. 

2d Vice-President, Mrs. S. W. Holladay, corner of 
Clay and Octavia Streets. J 

3d Vice-President, Mrs. James Neall, 2909 Bush. 1 

4th Vice-President, Mrs. John Bidwell, Chico, Cal. 

Recording Sec, Mrs. G. J. Bucknall, 1121 Laguna. 

Cor. Sec, Mrs. John M. Burnett, 17 13 Larkin. 

Treasurer, Miss M. Lowry, 848 Van Ness Avenue. 



[* 




■-..fO.,^ The Papyrus held its regular monthly 
--' -j^d^^--~' meeting on January eighth in the club rooms 
"^WHf^ in Utopia Hall. The members were in ex- 
ninwnilP cellent key, and stories, pithy and humorous, 
lllllluU ^^"^^ ^ ^ spirit and dash truly refreshing. 
A program by capable artists closed the after- 
noon. On January 22d a special meeting was 
called at the home of Mrs. W. P. Bucking- 
ham, 2 1 1 5 Sacramento Street, for the pur- 
pose of discussing the aims and ambitions of 
the club. Paramount among the questions 
which arose for consideration was the grow- 
ag necessity for a permanent club home. Various plans 
7ere proposed to secure the same, the most feasible was 
icreasing the initiation fee to twenty-five dollars and the 
rionthly dues to one dollar. There was an almost unani- 
lous expression of sentiment in favor of the proposal, 
nd by adopting it the Papyrus with its large and rapidly 
;rowing membership will quickly compass its desire for a 
lome. 

To an impromptu program Mrs. Blumenberg con- 
ributed a piano solo; the Papyrus Club Quartet, Miss 
I'lynn, Mrs. Briggs, Miss McCloskey and Miss Wheeler, 
/ith Mrs. Southerland as accompanist, made their first 
ppearance before their fellow members. It proved a 
lusical treat that called forth hearty applause and con- 
ratulations. Mrs. Stewart sang a contralto solo and Miss 
Vheeler finished with some delicious little bits of her own 
omposltion In her rich young contralto voice. 

There is such an amount of varied talent in this 
ompany of brainy women that the members are growing 
5 feel when Papyrus Is mentioned as Uncle Remus puts 
: " monstrous biggoty " and very proud of themselves 
nd their associates. 

Louise Battles Cooper, Secretary. 

Corona Club 

The Corona Club held a delightful Reciprocity meet- 
ig on January 8th, all the papers being contributions from 
ther clubs in different parts of the State. The papers 
'ere all of a high order of excellence and were much ap- 
reciated. Miss Morton read " Social Progress during 
le Victorian Age," written by Mrs. Geo. Ivancovich of 
'etaluma. Mrs. Will Dalton read "Japanese Pottery and 
'orcelain," written by Mrs. Stillson of Los Angeles. Miss 
'ollins read " The Home and Its Needs," written by Mrs. 
. Wood of Sacramento. Dr. Crockett read a " Sketch 
f Turner," written by Mrs. Blanche B. English, and Mrs. 
V^ill Madden of Sanger spoke on a " Plan of Reading 
hakespeare's Plays " which provoked an animated dis- 
ission on the relative merits of comedy and tragedy; Mrs. 
ladden is a very interesting speaker and well up in her 
ibject. 

Mrs. A. L. Barry led the " Parliamentary Drill on 
le Amendment," which drills are very instructive. 

Mr. Cahill sang the " Two Grenadiers." It was 
armly encored. A large number of ladles were present 
id a good deal of business was disposed of. 

The club starts In on its new course of " Essayists " 
: its next meeting, to which the ladies are looking for- 
ard. 

Jennie Partridge, Historian. 

The surest way not to fail Is to determine to suc- 
ed. Nothing succeeds like success. A little well 
jne is much done. 

There's a whole world of difference between being 
ade love to and being loved, and it may cost a whole 
orld to learn it. 



The Ne-w FasHion Leaders ^£ufi 

For the first time in history the makers of fashion £rtfC 
have turned to the United States for the entire motif of 
present styles. It hurts our pride a little to realize that 
the Indian furnishes the models, but it is surely better to 
have Navajo red and basket weaves than no notice at all. 

Once, in my Examiner days, I wrote a series of arti- 
cles on " Old-fashioned Dress," and In the course of study 
of the subject had occasion to look up the origin of styles. 
I found that not only dress follows the law of cycles, but 
that architecture, especially interior decoration, is always 
In sympathy with Incoming fashions. For advance news, 
then. It is safe to go to the upholsterer and the furniture- 
maker. If we do this now we find that mission types and 
Indian decorative designs are being used. The craze for 
basket-making and the careful study of Indian basket col- 
lections is more than a passing fad. It Is a genuine cult, 
and the women of this country should encourage It as much 
as possible. 

The recognition of the artistic side of Indian life 
comes very tardy at best, but it Is In keeping with the bitter 
attitude toward the vanquished and dying red race. The 
old saying that "the only good Indian is a dead one," 
should be modified to read "The only good Indian Is the 
one who has never associated with a white man" ; this would 
not only change the sentiment expressed, but be consider- 
ably nearer the truth. 

The preponderance of white in color scheme for the 
year is due to Mrs. Roosevelt's request that the ladles of 
the cabinet who assist her in receiving at State functions 
should wear white in the White House. It is a pretty 
fancy and helps make colonial designs acceptable. The 
President has more than once expressed disapproval of the 
over-elaboration and extravagance of modern life. He 
and his family are of Knickerbocker blood, and by right 
of birth belong to the New York " 400," so It Is possible 
that simplicity may have a bearing In fashions before very 
long. 

The hopeful and helpful tendency of the whole out- 
look Is the impetus the popularizing of native designs will 
give our home manufacturers. It means much indeed to 
the skilled labor of the country, and will keep millions of 
dollars in circulation here that has heretofore gone to Paris 
and other art centers for fashion's sake. 

In allowing us to set the styles this year the French 
have given another characteristic exhibition of their 
business methods, and have incidentally taken it out 
of the English for the Dreyfus affair. London, as 
the news center of the world, had much to say 
against the French army, the French courts and the 
people generally during the trial of Captain Dreyfus, 
and the French manufacturers took their revenge 
when the coronation of King Edward occurred. Ordin- 
arily English fabrics and designs would have led the fash- 
ions, but this year has failed to see a single concession to 
English royalty. Even the pretty and serviceable cordu- 
roys and velveteens are having a hard struggle. " No 
quarter " seems to have been the watchword with the 
makers of fashion, and in the disagreement America prof- 
Its by taking the lead in her own hands. The centers of 
finance and skilled manufacture have already come to us, 
and if the scepter of fashion Is to be added, let us thank 
our lucky stars and take the goods the gods offer with a full 
appreciation of our opportunities and good fortune. It 
will be much harder to hold our present advantages than 
it was to get them, but effort to do so Is well worth trying. 

Frona Eunice Wait. 
Work develops ; worry deteriorates the brain. 



3] 



€fu6 
Me 



"Resolved, THat Accumulation of Great Private WealtK is a Menace to tHe Masses 

The negative side in the debate before the Laurel Hall Club, January Seventh, by Mrs. N. J. Bird 



Revolving in mind the different phases of the ques- 
tion to be discussed I chose the negative side, hence my 
resolution reads thus: " Resolved, That the Accumula- 
tion of Great Private Wealth Is Not a Menace to the 
Welfare of the Masses." First, I take the meaning of 
private wealth to be in modern times money, stocks, 
bonds, or houses and land, possessed by individual men or 
women, not syndicates, nor trusts; as such, I claim that 
private wealth instead of being a menace to any part of 
the human family has elevated the whole. Education along 
many lines of thought would remain closed avenues to the 
masses were it not that great private wealth has opened 
them. The refining influence of beauty in art depicted in 
sculpture and paintings in public galleries, the stimulus of 
thought enclosed in libraries, combined with the develop- 
ing process in taste, and beauty in home decorations, are 
blessings that private wealth has made possible to the 
masses. 

The evolution of commercial prosperity began In the 
Stone Age. The first man that made a stone arrowhead 
possessed great private wealth. He soon improved his 
home and clothed his family with the skins of wild beasts 
and became not a menace but a stimulus to the higher 
instincts of the masses, and thus private wealth started the 
masses on the trail of civilization, and down through the 
ages from barbarism to modern splendors of civilization 
private wealth has been the lateral pressure that caused the 
upheaval. Even Municipal, State and National prosper- 
ity is derivative chiefly from private wealth by taxation. 

Columbus applied in vain to the empty exchequer of 
Spain, when Isabella offered her private wealth In Castile 
for the discovery of America. There was no national nor 
public resource to feed the soldiers of the Revolution. It 
was private wealth headed by Washington, John Adams 
and the noble Robert Morris that gave existence to this 
nation. Darkest Africa has been Illumined by the light 
of modern civilization chiefly through the private wealth 
of rich men like James Gordon Bennett of New York, 
and Leopold of Belgium. In our land from the Lick Ob- 
servatory on Mt. Hamilton, to the Tuskeegee Normal 
School In Alabama, are institutions too numerous to men- 
tion; their names, founded and maintained by private 
wealth for the education and health of the masses. Collis 
P. Huntington was caricatured and condemned by those 
who were Ignorant of his great generosity while he was 
constantly and quietly making many liberal subscriptions 
for the betterment of the poor. Just before his death he 
added a donation of $50,000 to an institution In the South 
for the education of the colored masses. 

We need not go away from home for the most splen- 
did illustrations of loving devotion of the rich to the high- 
est welfare of the poor. In every home throughout our 
land, so long as education shall refine and lift young men 
and women to a higher life, many songs of praise dedi- 
cated to Mrs. Stanford and Mrs. Hearst will find grateful 
echo In the hearts of thousands who have been privileged 
to share In their wealth. But great and innumerable as are 
these splendid gifts of the rich for the benefit of the 
masses, they are Insignificant compared with the universal 
essential source of happiness — namely, the maintenance of 
all industrial establishments for the supply of all human 
demands. Destroy private wealth to prevent a few fol- 
lies of ostentation, and many industries would cease, and 
many wage-earners become idle. President Roosevelt, in 
his message to the present Congress, says of our gigantic in- 
dustrial developments: "Great fortunes have been accu- 
mulated, and never before has material well-being been 
so widely diffused among our people. The plain people 
are better off than they have ever been before. There are 



more well-paid wage-earners in this country now than ever 
before in our history. The capitalist who alone, or in 
conjunction with his fellows, performs some great indus- 
trial feat by which he wins money. Is a well-doer, not a 
wrong-doer. We wish to favor such a man when he does 
well. We must be careful not to strike down wealth with 
the result of closing factories and mines, and turning the 
wage-earner idle In the streets. A fundamental base oJ 
civilization is the Inviolability of property." There an 
menaces that may be attributed to the wealthy which an 
not the fault of wealth, but are the result of folly in thos< 
who lack wisdom. Had the man who paid $100,000 foi 
a miniature fan so small when closed that it scarcely cov 
ered the palm of a woman's hand, and the woman wh( 
spent thousands of dollars in dining a few friends, con 
cealed these expenditures from the public, there would hav( 
been no public criticism deprecating their extravagance. 

It may be afl^rmed that the palaces of the rich, the! 
extravagant entertainments, and superfluous dress excib 
the envy, discontent and unrest of the poor, and thus an 
a menace to the masses; but I claim that every chiseled stom 
In the palatial residence of the rich adds another well-pal( 
wage-earner to the great procession of the masses; tha 
every silk and velvet gown added to the crowded ward 
robe of the rich maintains a long train of industries fron 
the mulberry tree to the sewing-machine, the wages o 
which build tasteful homes, buy comfortable clothing am 
wholesome food in abundance for the masses. 

Great private wealth instead of being a menace b 
the masses is the perennial snow on the mountains whici 
melts in the summer temperature of self-interest in som« 
and In the warmth of human sympathy in others, to fi] 
the springs and streams of industry that gladden and giv 
life to the foot-hills and valleys of humanity. 



(Uoti? on ©i0pfag**** 

for ^ifnx^% (xxC^ 
Rummer 

1903 




918;922 



(Qtarftet Street 

Srancieco 



[4 



TKe Unsolv 

Read before the Laurel Hall 

Of all the unsolved problems that have agitated the 
1 1 human mind from time immemorial, one has been to make 
jfiiprovision for the poor. Intellectual and philanthropic 
i giants have grappled with this economic problem, but you 
i all know the quotation about " Fools rushing in wher& 
angels fear to tread." 

" The poor," says Jesus, " ye have always with you, 

and whenever you will you can do them good." Now to 

, be good is characterized by moral excellence; to do good 

IS to advance man's best interests, elevate his character 

ind promote his happiness, yet rarely does an eleemosyn- 

ii ary institution accomplish these things, because the true 

;r dignity of manhood is lost. It is the duty of every one to 

, ameliorate the condition of the poor without impairing 

their self-respect. This dignity of character can only be 

; acquired and maintained by honest labor, not by subsist- 

ng on the earnings or the generosity of the benevolent. 

,, The claim that "all have a right to exist" is true, but 

. this condition is balanced by " every right involving a cor- 

-esponding duty." 

Money in the world, " the medium of exchange," is 

. m absolute necessity — a good servant, but a bad master — 

he only thing is that it should be used to the best ad- 

/antage, for capital can be rendered a dynamic power for 

. Tood or evil. Co-operative societies for labor or trade are 

;conomic principles which should be encouraged, but here 

, ,,;omes in the inconsistency of all terrestrial things, for 

•eally co-operation in its evolution has developed into the 

mormons trusts, sapping the circulation which is indis- 

. jensable to the growth of a healthy body. 

These trusts are condemned to such an extent that 
hey are cunningly woven into the platform of a party 
ipon which may rest the success or defeat of that party. 
~ Too much centralization, whether in wealth, trusts or 
governments, is dangerous, having a tendency to monarch- 
sm. The batteries of legislation should be placed against 
nonopolies, syndicates and the crystallization, but not 
igainst the accumulation of wealth. If the centralization 
)f wealth be not restricted, individuals, syndicates and 
orporations rioting in wealth, become intoxicated with its 
)erfume and demand the centralization of power. 

Greece, famous for its art, literature, manufactures 
ind commerce, after conquering nations, was conquered 
ly Rome through the weakness which luxury engenders, 
laving limited numbers of fabulously wealthy people and 
he masses extremely poor. Extremes are unhealthy. The 
adicalism of France lighted the fires of the French. 
Three thousand years before Rome commenced to stretch 
lerself Egypt was great, but with all her pomp, pride, 
vealth, religion, learning, art and civilization, fell before 
he power of Rome. Little attention was paid to the 
)oor, — in fact they were all on the plane of semi-slaves as 
he building of the great pyramids of Gizeh by Cheops 
estifies. 

There is no doubt that nothing can be done without 
abor, but it must not be forgotten that nothing can be 
lone without capital. They are certainly dependent upon 
ach other. Capital produces labor; without it the hum 
'f mills would cease and the carpenter's hammer must rest 
» or want of employment. Capital is the factor of civiliza- 
. ion, and notwithstanding its march, which means inven- 
ij lions, machinery, etc., a comparatively small number grow 
/ icher and the army of the poor steadily increases, assum- 
ng colossal proportions. What to do with the unem- 
ployed naturally alarms the great thinkers of the day, for 
he problem like " Banquo's ghost will not down," but 
ises with increased frequency in demonstrations and 
evolutions — whereas moderation could have attained the 



ed Problem CM 

Club by Mrs. I. Lowenberg. ^if^ 

same results without leaving a trail of blood and a con- 
vulsion of horror from which the world has yet barely 
recovered. 

Everything, like knowledge, can be used for good or 
evil — it is the way that things are applied. Gunpowder 
is a great invention and when used for blasting purposes 
is a benefit to mankind, but when employed for bullets 
brings destruction and death. 

Sporadic charity amounts to nothing. Every dollar 
given to an individual degrades that individual. Every dol- 
lar given to an association to provide work in any shape for 
the unemployed is the initiation of a commendable and 
great cause, and elevates the poor. This Is not Iconoclastic, 
not tearing down without building up; It is simply sub- 
stituting the workshop for the soup-house. Provide labor 
for your people, and your people and your government 
will be respected, provide soup-houses and your govern- 
ment, torn with discontent and factions, will tremble, 
totter and fall. Make your people Independent of charity, 
but dependent upon labor and there will rise up a nation, 
strong in principle and action, — the essential elements of 
a free and powerful people. Scientific truths must first be 
investigated to ascertain the harmony of agreement, so 
must economic truths be experimented upon and the result 
of conditions observed. As a government is judged by the 
advancement and the moral excellencies or the moral 
deficiencies of the people, so are eleemosynary institutions 
to be judged by their effect upon the people, — their eleva- 
tion or degradation — they are certainly degrading. 

There are two theories current In regard to the pro- 
tection of the wants of man; one Is that man shall be 
allowed to exercise his faculties and exert himself to the 
utmost for his own good; the other called the paternal 
theory — many degrees removed from eleemosynary sup- 
port — is that the government shall undertake to supply the 
necessities of life. Few of us, I think, would like to adopt 
Bellamy's views and put them into practical execution. 
All that Is beautiful and skillful in art, the exquisite melo- 
dies, the comprehension of positive knowledge, the 
writings distinguished for beauty of expression, the in- 
ventions of the age embodied into numerous comforts of 
man, the harmony of color running through all these 
material wants would be lost to the world without an in- 
centive, and general stagnation would ensue. 

Indiscriminate relief originated with the autochthons 
and continued a long time before even a poor law was 
enacted. In the early ages the Church took care of the 
poor, but not in the sympathetic and systematized way 
of today. It is now being gradually transferred as busi- 
ness of the municipality. Christianity gave alms as a 
religious duty, the Talmud, as a right of religious and 
civil law. Many years ago upon the Introduction of relief 
for the poor in Europe, notwithstanding the various 
methods devised for their suppression, so many paupers 
sprang up that the police had to arrest them for vagrancy, 
and they were compelled to resort to a law which coerced 
able-bodied men to work for what they received. Under 
Elizabeth in 1572, a local poor rate was established so 
work could be obtained. No tragic scenes were enacted 
to procure work, but many were branded according to the 
cruel punishment of the age for refusing to work. In 
feudal times the lord of a town provided for his impover- 
ished dependents; they gave him their services in return, 
which still left them with a spirit of independence. Pau- 
perism will ever be on the increase if State appropriations 
and the charities of the rich are not made to flow In the 
right channel. " Eleemosynary relief," says Charlotte 
Bronte, "never yet tranqulllzed the working classes; it 



5] 



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Ftrit-ctaii Reference! 



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A LARGE COLLECTION OF 



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[6 



never made them grateful, it is not in human nature that 
it should." 

In 1797 in Brandenburg, compulsory labor was Im- 
posed upon the people because it was the sure method of 
obtaining money, both from private persons and from the 
government, to furnish work for the unemployed. Pre- 
ventive charity by endeavoring to provide work for the 
masses is the great thing to be accomplished. Neither 
trades-unions, mechanical inventions, nor other great dis- 
coveries of hitherto unknown forces, nor eleemosynary 
institutions have decreased pauperism — on the contrary it 
is everywhere on the increase. Charity demoralizes, be- 
cause it eliminates the stamina and self-respect; work 
elevates man. 

Exceptions should be made in regard to the giving 
of alms and providing institutions. Indulgence is claimed 
for children, the infirm and the aged, and even the main- 
tenance of the latter could be avoided and their independ- 
ence secured, as in some parts of Europe there is a com- 
pulsory insurance for old age, which works with excellent 
results. 

In the evolution of things, institutions as well as laws 
grow, and there is evolution in the mode of providing for 
the poor. In Sothern, I think it is a Canton in Switzer- 
land, there is already a society started on the principle that 
" Labor is the best largess." Several persons subscribe so 
much annually for the purchase of raw material, usually 
flax, hemp, thread, cotton, etc. This is given to be worked 
up for pay, and the stuff made is either sold or distributed 
amongst the subscribers at a fair price. In Victoria, 
Australia, there is the " Leongatha Labor Colony," main- 
tained by the State. A man can come and go when he 
likes. The wages are small, but the man is lodged and 
fed, and he is made to feel independent. 

I read recently that thirty-one persons died of actual 
starvation in London last year; in America a number die 
annually, not one applying to the parish authorities for 
relief. Had there been work they would have asked for 
it. So in many cases it is the undeserving who apply and 
receive, whereas the pride and sensitiveness of the deserv- 
ing prevent them from requesting or accepting alms. 

The only way to solve " The Unsolved Problem " is 
that workshops should be established and maintained just 
as charitable institutions, colleges and universities are 
maintained — by taxation, appropriations from the State 
and endowments from the wealthy. Little theoretical and 
much practical work could be done, if some millions of 
dollars were to be expended in supporting the physical, 
beautifying the general life and uplifting the soul. An 
example of institutions being supported by the government 
may be given in the public school system, whereby the 
poorest children are educated on the same plane as the 
children of the rich and their self-respect upheld. The 
public schools maintained by taxation demonstrate the 
feasibility of workshops, both private and national. Of 
course everything would have to be organized and system- 
atized; it would be the evolution of a social system. 
The infant makes many attempts to walk before accom- 
plishing the feat. Workshops and schools can be main- 
tained at less expense than reformatories and penitentiaries 
and thus it resolves itself into political economy. 

Paul says, " He that will not work shall not cat," 
which holds good today. The struggle for existence goes 
on — bread tickets will not secure the desideratum. " The 
Unsolved Problem " daily asked is, " How to secure the 
necessities of life" ? The innovation of workshops may 
be more startling than the promulgation of public schools, 
but the agitation in that direction is augmenting. The age 
is more charitable, but poverty increases; it is the incipient 
cause of nihilism, socialism, anarchism and all other isms. 
It is not the " man with the hoe " that cries to the world, 



but the man without the hoe, who wants work and there 
is none. The hoe does not make man the " brother 
of the ox," but the brother of man who will rise with 
new conditions. 

Organized associations, where needy persons can supply 
and obtain work — not specialized — at minimum prices, 
and not organized charities, are what are required. Then 
no excuse can be given and no apology will be accepted 
for any one who commits a crime — it will down Herr 
Most and crush out anarchism and socialism. Work 
alone is not demoralizing; it develops "individual free- 
dom," the goal we should all seek. 

There is now a wave which appears like advance- 
ment and which is beneficial to the poor, manifesting itself 
in Boys' and Girls' Clubs, Settlement Works, etc., all 
effective work; but to give these people a glimpse of the 
sunshine and the beautiful is not all that should be done. 
First provide the work, let them know the dignity of it, 
the sweetness and blessings of it — then they will gradu- 
ally make their way and, like sunflowers, always turn 
toward the sun. 

And now comes Robert Buchanan and says we are 
drifting " toward absolute barbarism," and have left the 
higher spiritual ideas and have lost the gospel of humanity 
expressed by Wordsworth, Hood and Shelley, that a new 
ethos is taking possession of the world at large, and that 
physical force and commercial success are the ruling activ- 
ities of the day. So, according to Buchanan, the solving 
of the problem of relieving distressed humanity is further 
off than ever. 

Thus while public schools and universities of all kinds 
and grades are flourishing and numerous buildings are be- 
ing erected at an enormous cost, the country is turning out 
millions of men and women with scientific and literary 
attainments, with the Darwinian theory of the survival of 
the fittest, the re-incarnation of the old Spartan idea that 
the weak should be left to Fate, and the strong nourished 
and protected. Feed the mind by all means, but an Im- 
poverished body cannot furnish a good house for a highly 
intellectual mind. 

To digress: — Notwithstanding the many universi- 
ties, it Is now an exploded fallacy that only college men 
and women are successful in life. The practical education 
only commences when the college grounds are left In the 
distance. The reason why it was formerly incomprehen- 
sible, why so many Illiterate men were successful in great 
undertakings (I say formerly, because today everyone re- 
ceives a grammar school education and one can build as 
many stories on that foundation as one pleases) was 
simply that they were continually on the alert, learning as 
they went along Instead of thinking when they left the 
university that they had conquered the world of knowl- 
edge and lamenting like Alexander for more worlds to 
conquer. 

Pardon me for again digressing, — the " Intellectual 
mind" reminds me of what I read the other day regarding 
" two educated men." The one has a smattering of Latin 
and Greek. The other knows the speech and habits of 
horses and cattle and gives them their food In due season. 
The one is acquainted with the roots of nouns and verbs; 
the other can tell you how to plant and dig potatoes and 
carrots and turnips. The one drums by the hour on the 
piano, making it a terror to the neighborhood; the other 
is an expert at the reaper and binder, which fills the world 
with good cheer. The one knows or has forgotten the 
higher trigonometry and the differential calculus; the 
other can calculate the bushels of rye standing In the field 
and the number of barrels to buy for the apples on the 
trees In the orchard. The one understands the chemical 
affinities of the various poisonous acids and alkalies; the 
other can make a savory soup or delectable pudding. The 



7] 



one sketches a landscape indifferently; the other can shin- 
gle his roof and build a shed for himself in workmanlike 
manner. 

The one has heard of Plato and Aristotle and Comte 
and Kant, but knows precious little about them; the other 
has never been troubled by such knowledge, but he will 
learn the first and last word of philosophy " to love " far 
quicker, I warrant, than his college bred neighbor. 

For still it is true that God hath hidden these things 
from the wise and prudent and revealed them unto babes. 

Such are the two educations — which is the higher and 
which the lower? 

Though in favor of the schoolhouse and the school- 
mistress wherever there are six pupils or less, yet national 
workshops should also be maintained wherever their need 
is felt and the landscape should be dotted with them. 

Tolstoi claims that " Some sociologists teach that the 
true solution of modern social inequalities is to wipe out 
the inequalities of the masses. This solution is however 
a phantasm. The cultured poor are far more helpless 
than the uncultured poor." 

Truism is that " Neither nation nor individual can 
cease from labor without mental or material retrogres- 
sion." Man appreciates what he earns and is so consti- 
tuted that he must be adapted to the work to do it well. 
In the days of blissful ignorance, man thought the sun 
was created to shine for him by day, and the moon and 
stars to guide him by night, that the environments were 
made expressly for him. Now when he looks up at the 
firmament studded with myriads of stars, possibly each a 
habitable world, and thinks of his own insignificance — an 
aggregation of atoms — and that he is of no more conse- 
quence than the merest amoeba; when he finds that the 
thunder and lightning take life as well as purify the 
atmosphere, that seismic disturbances sweep him with 
the solid earth out of existence, that life and 
death go side by side, that plagues and wars de- 
cimate the people, and are thought by some savants 
an absolute necessity, he commences to have the uncom- 
fortable feeling that he is made to adjust himself to his 
surroundings and that he sinks or swims according as he 
fits certain conditions. 

Peoples and religions have come and gone, empires 
and nations have risen to civilization and sunk into bar- 
barism, the sages of antiquity and the Roman and Grecian 
orators with their words of gold have passed into the ages 
and their lives would have been naught, had they not left 
their " footprints on the sands of time." Thought is im- 
mortal and can never die, and the thought of having na- 
tional and private workshops for the unemployed will 
gather strength as a ball rolling down hill increases in 
velocity, gaining force by its own momentum. 

So let the present century, with its rich heritage of 
discoveries, inventions, intellectual development, homo- 
geneity and liberality of thought and altruistic humanity, 
with moderation as an anodyne for all real and imaginary 
wrongs, proceed on its onward and upward march of uni- 
versal progress and radiant with hope endeavor to practi- 
cally demonstrate that a well-devised method of obtaining 
work for the unemployed, and not almsgiving, is the only 
salvation of man and the only solution of " The Un- 
solved Problem." 

This is how a Chinese writer describes Americans in 
a Chinese paper: "They live months without eating a 
mouthful of rice ; they eat bullocks and sheep in enor- 
mous quantities, with knives and prongs. They never 
enjoy themselves by sitting quietly on their ancestors' 
graves, but jump around and kick balls as if paid for it, 
and they have no dignity, for they maybe found walking 
with women." 



SopKie Terrace 

Reading in Club Life of " Sophie Terrace," the 
home of the Scratch Club, reminded me of early and 
happy days. Although one of the ladies (with poetic 
imagination) represented " Sophie " in colonial costume, 
it was a mistake, as " Sophie," for whom the place was 
named, was an English lady and wife of Edward Fischer, 
who was at one time Swiss Consul of San Francisco. He 
was affable and genial, and most hospitable in his own 
home. The entrance to " Sophie Terrace " was, then as 
now, on Pine Street, between Dupont and Stockton Streets. 
On this street and in this neighborhood and on Dupont 
Street from Pine to California on both sides were many 
pleasant homes. There was from the three or four houses 
on this Terrace a magnificent view of the Bay and Contra 
Costa, as all that country was called which is now Berke- 
ley and Oakland. For many years there was a large va- 
cant lot on Stockton and Pine Streets and one could pass 
through this to Stockton Street from Sophie Terrace by 
a back gate; but now there is a house next to Joseph Ban- 
on's home on Stockton Street. " Pepe " Banon, as he 
was called by friends, was married to Miss Walkinshaw, 
a great belle at the time, and their home was the center of 
many a hospitable as well as a fashionable gathering. 

Grace Cathedral was then the favorite Episcopal 
Church, although access to it, in any direction, was up or 
down a steep hill, and then we had no patent concrete side- 
walks, nor was the city so well lighted at night, nor did we 
have cars on California Street. To reach this locality you 
would ride in an omnibus to Stockton and Washington 
Streets and then walk to California, whether you came 
from North Beach or South Park. 

In Mr. Fischer's old age he took great pleasure in 
sketching and in water-colors. He was partial to pictures 
of the Missions and particularly our Mission Dolores, 
which was picturesque before Sixteenth Street was opened. 
In its neighborhood were several small adobe buildings; 
only one now remains and is yet occupied by some members 
of the well-known Rufiino family. 

" Sophie Terrace " is opposite the home of George 
Bohen, the pioneer who was laid to rest last month, and 
next door, the house in which Miss Swearingen was 
married to Judge Field. 

We were at the reception that evening; only the 
members of the family were at the wedding. Judge and 
Mrs. Field, Mrs. Swearingen, Dr. and Mrs. Tibbitts, Mr. 
and Mrs. Henry B. Williams, Colonel and Mrs. Olney 
have all passed away. 

I walk thoughtfully and often sadly by these old 
buildings, comparing the past with the present, and al- 
though rejoicing with and enjoying the prosperity of San 
Francisco and its modern improvements, I am glad I was 
here in early days and lived among the pioneers. 

Mrs. E. G. Lightner. 

DaugKtera of tKe California Pioneers 

The Pioneer Daughters held regular monthly busi- 
ness meeting January 5 th. 

One candidate was proposed for membership. 

Five ladies were voted in the society whose names 
were posted the previous month. 

The President appointed Miss May L. Nolan a del- 
egate to the State Federation. 

The society has formed three sections known as "The 
History Section," Mrs. S. A. Keith, Chairman, 2d and 
4th Mondays at 4 o'clock; " Parliamentary Section," ist 
Monday at 4 o'clock, Mrs. S. S. Palmer, Chairman; "For- 
estry Section," 3d Monday at 2 o'clock, Mrs. Henry P. 
Tricou, Chairman. 



[8 




^>\\ittv,>%\va*«*vui*%. 




CM 



i^^v^v4 ^^^^ 





Library correspondence may be addressed, respectively, to the following named persons, who 
are Vice-Chairmcn of Libraries and Portfolios. 

Northern District — Mrs. Marion M. Oliver, Paradise, Butte County. 
Alameda District — Mrs. C. B. Breck, 1531 Arch Street, Berkeley. 
Los Angeles District — Mrs.D. B. Sessions, 142 i South Hill Street, Los Angeles. 
San Joaquin District — Mrs. O. C. Conley, Bakersfield. 
San Diego District — Mrs. S. C. Evans, Jr., Orange Street, Riverside. 

State Chairman and ex officio Vice-Chairman San Francisco District — Miss Susanne R. Patch, 
521 Clay Street, San Francisco. 

" The problem of the children is the problem of the 
State." Jacob Riis, in "Children of the Poor." 



Children in Public Libraries 

Is it a wonder that everywhere the attention and in- 
erest of clubwomen are given to modern library extension? 
This is not surprising when we consider that one of the 
trongest incentives to such interest is acquired through 
he fact of motherhood. The clubwomen of our land who 
re mothers are grasping the fact that for many of their 
'wn children, and uncounted thousands of others, the pub- 
ic library of today stands as the greatest educational force 
vithin their reach. With the exception of the relatively 
mall number who can obtain a high school and college 
ducation, the average child must leave school between the 
ge of 12 and 14 years and become self-supporting. For 
his large class education through books ceases unless there 
3 a library to which they may have access. 

In these progressive times, given a definite want and 
omething is evolved to meet it. So it has come to pass 
I'ithin the last dozen years that all of the large free public 
ibraries in the United States, and many of the smaller 
nes, have established separate rooms for the sole use of 
he little folks. In these rooms are placed juvenile maga- 
ines, the pictures and engravings that appeal to child 
lature, puzzles, games, and a wealth of bright, inspiring 
olumes which are carefully chosen from the constant 
>sues of the press. In this censorship may be found one 
'f the greatest benefits of the children's room for if it is 
mportant that the child should read widely it follows 
hat it is a matter of the greatest consequence that what 
le reads should be wisely chosen. One bad book may 
aint a whole life. One strong good book may so change 
he career of a boy that it may become rich in usefulness 
nd great in that strength which is supreme — moral power. 
_ The recognition already given to work for the child- 
en in libraries Is generous and is increasing. For several 
ears a training department for children's librarians has 
een established in connection with the Carnegie Library 
f Pittsburg, in which thorough preparation Is afforded for 
hose who wish to devote themselves to this specialty. Its 
idispensable qualifications are unfailing sympathy, tact, 
ommon sense, sweetness of disposition, intuitive knowl- 
dge of child nature, and a liberal education. The old 
otion that " anyone can teach a primary class " has been 
xploded; and it is already apparent in the library world 
hat one of its most Influential leaders will be found In a 
rained and consecrated children's librarian. 

In our closing glance of the subject, let the eye rest 

moment on the shelves of a well-stocked children's room 

nd note its contents. To begin with, there Is the world 

f story in a thousand forms, and where is the child who 



does not welcome a story? Then there are volumes of 
discovery and adventure for stirring boyhood, and fairy 
tales and folk-lore for the girls; elementarysciences, suchas 
electricity, mechanics and botany; works on Insect, bird 
and fish life; biographies, history, poetry, literature, and 
delightful fiction for the youth of both sexes. Space fails 
us in attempting to give full description of these treasures. 
There is an old legend that by the side of every 
cradle stands a good and evil fairy, who by their gifts make 
up the life of the little babe within. The good fairy gives 
them a wonderful blessing, perhaps it is the power to write 
poems, or paint pictures, or build a cathedral. Then the 
bad fairy, ugly little sprite that he is, adds a portion of 
evil. And so they alternate, the good and the evil, until 
the sum of human life Is made up. We may be sure that 
in these twentieth century days the good fairy would be- 
stow the use of a fine library as part of the "wonderful 
blessing." 

Report of the Vice-Chairman, North- 
ern District 

The traveling library work in the Northern District 
has been very encouraging. 

Placervllle now has five libraries of thirty-five vol- 
umes each in circulation, and claims to be the pioneer of 
California in the traveling library cause. 

An appeal was made to the clubs of Sacramento for 
libraries for the outlying districts. These were soon in 
readiness and sent out, and a fourth Is In course of prepa- 
ration. Other northern clubs have promised their con- 
tributions for the future. 

Chico and Placervllle are each working for a free 
public library, and as Incorporated towns are entitled to 
the provisions of the new library law. 

Placervllle Is handicapped by a heavy bonded debt, 
but In time hopes to secure the necessary provision. 

Chico has a reading-room and a library of 1,500 vol- 
umes which has been supported by the sole efforts of the 
ladies of the W. C. T. U. Formerly a fee of two dollars 
was charged readers, but through the influence of Mrs. 
G. P. Morse it was changed in 1900 to a free library, with 
the result that there are now 293 readers instead of 25 
as before. 

After long continued agitation, the city has at last 
agreed to support the library, suitably house and enlarge It, 
and a regular organization has been formed. An unpre- 
tentious but promising beginning. 

Marion M. Oliver, Paradise, Butte Co. 



9] 



m 




Loewenthal's 



Tai/i 



or 



For 

Men and Women 

914 Market Street 
SAN FRANCISCO 



R. BujannofF 



Designer and manufacturer of 

FINE JEWELRY 



Special 
attention 
given to 
repairing 

jewelry 

Old gold 
and silver 
bought 

Diamond 
work a 
specialty 

17 Lick St. 
Lick House 
San Fran'co 



Mercey Water 

Bottled at the Mercey Hot Springs, Fresno Co. 

Is a wonderful cure for painful 
and irregular menstruations 

Rheumatism, Stomach, Bladder and Kidney Troubles 
A Blood and Nerve builder. Nature's Tonic 

MERCEY MINERAL SPRING CO. 



Phone Jessie 3421 



1 8 McAllister Street 



MR. G. FLAMM 

has just returned from Europe 
with an assortment of 

London^ Paris^ Berlin 
and Vienna Models 

for the Autumn and Winter Seasons 

I4J^ Polk Street^ S. F. 
Miss M. L. Sweeney 

MILLINER 
Room 2g, 121 Post Street^ San Francisco 

Pattern Hati and Novelties a Speeialty 



Old gold and silver taken in exchange 



M. KLICH, Antiquar 



Ye Olde German Curiosity Shop 

All kinds of Antiques. Silver Ware, Bronze, Porcelain, Old Embroidery, 
Brica-Brac, Ktc.» bought, sold aiul exclianged 

526 DUPONT STREET 
Bet. Pine and California San Francisco, California 



Mining 

[Read before the Kegoayah Kosga (Aurora Club), Nome, Alaska, bi 
Josephine M. Todman.l 

Ladies : I suppose I have been chosen to tell yoi 
something about mining, because I am probably the leas 
informed member of the club, and, as our worthy presi 
dent said, it was doing me a kindness to make me reac 
up on the subject. As our object is improvement, 
trust you will feel I am started on the road. 

Mining is certainly one of the most fascinatinj 
labors to which man has turned his hand ; the possi 
bilities are so great, and, need I add, the failures so many 
that we have not that shame to confess which our othe 
shortcomings costs us. 

Mining brings us down to the very beginning 
things. As Markham says : 

" to the red earth, the tang and odor of the prima 

things ; 
" The rectitude and patience of the rocks ; • 

" The gladness of the wind that shakes the corn ; 
" The courage of the bird that dares the sea ; 
" The justice of the rain that loves all leaves ; 
" The pity of the snow that hides all scars." 

Here a man puts aside all the costly contrivance 
he has invented for his comfort, and which have becomi 
such a burden, and returns to the soil. None of us bu 
feels that unnamable something which gets into our vein 
and sends the blood coursing when we come in contac 
with Mother Earth. 

The poets of all ages have made much of the tillei 
of the soil ; to me the miner is more interesting. Ht 
goes farther into the wilderness, takes greater chances 
and battles harder against that fascinating element 0; 
uncertainty. Will the next shovelful reveal it, or is ii 
barren ? Who knows ? But all the work it entails, al 
the weariness of body and soul that comes of hopes lonp 
deferred, melts away like the snow when the glittering 
gold shines out. 

Go back with me to the time long ago, when thi 
molten mass, beginning to cool, to harden into rock ani 
wrinkle into mountains and valleys, and be washed b; 
the waters into shape, only to be again distorted, broken 
folded, and finally eroded by ice and water until it forme( 
a place where vegetation grew, and mankind foum 
a habitation, long ages of never dring work by th' 
forces of nature, long dark silent periods during whicl 
Dame Nature, ever mindful of our coming, from he 
great laboratory was sending into the fissures of the rock 
streams of liquids charged with precious metals, am 
storing her vaults with treasures in earnest of our coming 
It seems to enhance our importance to remember all th 
labor and years of time that went to make this earth : 
fitting place for our habitation. 

Mining is the drawing on this treasury, but mai 
uses nature's very measures for getting his own, onl; 
to be reminded of his limitations — his power is si 
small ; nature uses a glacier, while we work at best with 
hydraulic stream. Nature's time is endless, while w 
count by years; but even so, we follow in her footsteps 

All deposits of gold — and we will confine ourselve 
to one metal, though Alaska may yet yield other treas 
ures — were originally forced up from the molten interio 
of the earth in liquid solution through the intersdces 
the rocks, and some of it lies hidden there yet awaitin 
release. We call these deposits lodes or veins, ore i 
place, the original deposit fresh from the bowels of th 
earth, where we cannot go for it. 

Then came the first great miner, with the forces 
water — ice, snow, rain and freshets, little by little — an^ 
through long years of labor the hard rocks were washd 



It 



[10 



and worn away until the very granites themselves were 
ground and pulverized into conglomerates and sand, 
freeing the bright streaks of gold, carrying them down, 
sometimes ground to powder, or as nuggets or coarse 
gold, into the valleys, gorges, creeks and rivers, even to 
the very ocean beach. True to its nature, and fortu- 
nately for us, the gold was heavy and fell by the wayside, 
and so we find it all along the line of these water wash- 
ings, and we call it placer or alluvial deposits. By this 
slow process have the mountains been carved away and 
the gold put in places accessible to man. 

These placer deposits have supplied by far the 
greater amount of gold found by man. Sometimes after 
being deposited these beds of rich gravel have been con- 
solidated into hard rock, beds of grit or conglomerate, 
but usually the gold is found in loose gravel and can be 
readily washed out ; and man uses the same process that 
placed it there to separate the gold from the gravel — 
water power, either by panning, sluicing orhydraulicking. 
Each of these methods has been long employed. The 
pan is the simplest of all and the slowest ; then comes 
the rocker, the only instance I know where civilized man 
rocks the cradle uncomplainingly; then the sluice, and 
finally hydraulic washing, each an improvement on the 
other in the saving of labor and time and making possible 
the working of poor dirt. 

In Alaska, as elsewhere, the discovery of placer dig- 
gings has far exceeded the discovery of lodes. There 
are a great variety of placer deposits, and they have been 
divided into concentrated, unconcentrated and reconcen- 
trated. Unconcentrated placers comprise those where 
the gold is found practically in place, not having been 
washed out by the action of the water, but simply freed 
from the rock by the action of the air in decomposing 
it. This form of placer has little commercial value in 
Alaska. 

To concentrated placers belong all those where the 
gold has been washed out and carried by the water and 
deposited at some place distant from its original resting 
place. Here the rock has been decomposed in most 
cases by the action of the atmosphere, and the sorting 
action of the water and gravity have placed it in the placers. 

Concentrated placers are divided into: Creek and 
gulch placers, gravel plain placers, river bar placers, and 
bench placers. 

Creek and gulch placers embrace the most impor- 
tant class, and have proven to be the richest and most 
accessible placers in Alaska. An example familiar to 
you all is Anvil Creek, though it gets some of its rich- 
ness from reconcentrated placers of an older date, as is 
evidenced by the benches above. 

The river bar placers, as the name indicates, are 
those formed on the bars at the mouth of rivers, as for 
example the bars of Snake, Nome and Solomon Rivers. 

Gravel plain placers are all placers laid down over 
comparatively level deltas, and are found near the sea 
coast and in estuaries or lakes. The tundra plains of 
Alaska, and particularly those near Nome, give us an 
example of this class. These merge into river deposits, 
and usually furnish finer gold than is found in the creek 
and gulch placers, having been carried farther. 

Lastly come the bench placers, those sides of old 
streams that have carved out a new bed below the old 
level, leaving the rich deposits high above the present 
waterways. 

As I said before, the creek and gulch placers have 
attracted most attention in Alaska, both on account of 
their richness and the fact that they are easily worked ; 
but with the introduction of modern mining machinery 
and hydraulic power, the bench placers may yield as 
great a harvest. 



To the reconcentrated placers belong those deposits 
that having once rested in a placer have been again car- 
ried away to form new beds. To this class belong some 
of the creek and gulch placers, such, for example, as 
have gone to the river bottom when it has been eroded 
out and cut to a greater depth. Such action carries a 
part of the old deposit, and adds to the collection of 
such gold as is found in the new rocks washed out in 
making the later channel. Hence these placers usually 
partake of the characteristics of both concentrated and 
reconcentrated placers. 

Tributaries of rivers and creeks carry down and 
empty into the larger bodies of water deposits of gold, 
and to this action may be attributed the spotted places 
where a river is much richer than the general average of 
the river bed, usually just below the mouth of a tributary. 

Beach placers belong to the reconcentrated placers, 
and were probably deposited by the action of the waves 
as they washed the coast line. The motion is very like 
that of the water in a pan as the miner washes the dirt. 
For long ages the surf has been washing at the coast and 
accumulating the gold found in the tundra. Near Nome 
it appears as if the coast line has been moving out gradu- 
ally, and there should be rich deposits along the old 
shore lines. 

A large part of Alaska and all of Seward Penin- 
sular, the geologist tells us, has risen from the sea and 
been carved by the action of the ocean, and not by 
glacial grindings. So the beach deposits really form the 
pan at which old Bering has been at work so long. 

It is an open question whether the nuggets are de- 
posited by the water from the washed out lodes, or 
whether gold is sufficiently soluble in water to allow of 
its being carried in solution and precipitated. Nuggets 
are not often met with In lodes, but on the other hand 
the nuggets found very often are embodied In the quartz, 
which would seem to prove conclusively their lode origin. 

Another form that has puzzled man is what is called 
by the miners wire gold. When found It is thin, sharp, 
and bears no evidence of the washing and smoothing 
effect of water, but seems to have been precipitated 
where found. 

One of the most important questions to the prac- 
tical miner is, what evidence do the rich placers give that 
back in the mountains lie rich veins of gold which have 
not yet been washed down and deposited ? Taking Into 
consideration the fact that great periods of time, long 
ages, have passed while these placers were being depos- 
ited, the immense quantities of earth that have been 
washed out to furnish what has been discovered, it may 
be that no veins rich enough to wash out by the slower 
methods at the command of man exist. Nature has all 
time and endless power ; we are here but a day. On 
the other hand, all the washing may but have taken off 
the surface, and the mother lode lie hidden but a few 
feet. Who knows ? That is what makes mining so 
fascinating. 

Officers Kegoayah Kosga : 
Mrs. Mary E. Hart, Pres. 
Miss Josephine M. Todman, VIce-Pres. 
Miss Helen Kimball, 2d Vice-Pres. 
Miss Kate Cordon, Secretary. 
Mrs. E. C. Housten, Treasurer. 
Mrs. M. E. Coe, Librarian. 
Mrs. Josephine Scroggs, Delegate-at-large. 

Petaluma has just received an offer of $12,500 from 
Mr. Carnegie for a library building. 

The small courtesies sweeten life ; the greater en- 
noble it. 



ii] 




California International SunsKine Society 

President-General, Mr«. Cynthia Westover Alden, 96 Fifth Ave., New York City. 

State President, Miss Mabel Adams Ayer, 1622 Clay Street, San Francisco. 

State Treasurer, Mrs. George W. Caswell, 1921 Sacramento Street, San Francisco. 



The month of February with its many 
red-letter days is a good time to begin the 
recital of our happiest Sunshine experiences. 
Members were invited to contribute a story 
of the happiest event in their work, and we 
will begin with the report of Mrs. Bessie 
Baikie, president of a little band of children in Berkeley. 
How can I do Sunshine work in a bazaar? 
First there was a young " Shut-In " who last year had 
been one of the most active workers, and found it hard 
only two blocks away to be debarred from all participa- 
tion. Half an hour taken each afternoon with samples 
of candy and ice-cream and descriptions of all the little 
incidents that would be most likely to interest made her 
feel brighter and very grateful was the " thank you " we 
heard. The day after another " Shut-In " was visited and 
asked if she had been brought anything from the bazaar, 
and at the reply " nobody remembered us," a cute wee 
cup and saucer for the monotonous beef tea was produced. 
Then the news of all the " doings " made her feel she was 
not forgotten after all, and we left a more cheerful face 
behind. 

Some candy and soda to a girl whose pocketbook was 
very slim, and a plate of ice-cream for a tired worker who 
had not been able to take time for refreshment made up 
the brightest Sunshine experience of 

Bessie B. Baikie, Lorin, Cal. 

The Alden Club, first in our local work, reports a 
particularly sad case for the past month. It is that of a 
refined, cultured woman, a Southerner, whose life in later 
years has been one series of misfortunes, borne most 
bravely. This lady was found sick and suffering, in actual 
need of necessities, and dependent entirely upon friends. 
The members gave personal interest and practical aid each 
day of January, bearing all expenses and now are trying 
to find a permanent home for her. The Alden members 
are all young women who give from their personal store 
the help required, and so we hope that some larger and 
wealthier organization will come to the rescue and give 
the permanent aid so badly needed. 

The members are also much interested in a young 
woman who has been bedridden for twelve years. This 
case was recently called to the attention of the club, and 
the cheerful happy disposition of this young woman will 
make the visits of mutual benefit. 

A large part of the club's last meeting was devoted 
to the reading of letters expressing much pleasure and 
appreciation for the Christmas boxes sent out. It is cer- 
tainly encouraging to feel that one's efforts have brought 
so much happiness. Letters also were read from Mr. 
Worthington, and Mr. R. H. Ingram, both of the South- 
ern Pacific Company, expressing their continued interest 
and many good wishes for the club's success. 

Escondido has much to be proud of in the generous 
response of members to all deserving cases. Particularly 
noticeable was the aid given to a man who was found un- 
conscious upon the street. Investigation proved that he 
was starving and his sad history appealed so strongly to 
those who heard that a way was soon provided for him to 
reach his sister in the East. Since then letters have been 
received showing how great an act of Sunshine this proved 
to be. 

In addition this club reports two large bags of 
clothing and one bag of reading matter to the Mesa 



a 

forty-seven dollars for 
members were welcomed 
and plans met with 



Grande Indians, three hundred and seventy-five bags of 
candy presented to the Sunday Schools at Christmas, and 
five dollars to pay the fare of an Indian missionary to Los 
Angeles. Many were the visits and personal greetings 
sent, and many hearts of young and old were gladdened 
by loving remembrances. 

A very pleasant report has just come from Mrs. 
Wallace McLeod, President of the " Cheerful Work- 
ers," of Los Angeles. Just before the holidays 
musicale was given, netting 
Christmas work. Several new 
at the December meeting, 
cheerful encouragement. In the past month a large box 
of warm clothing was sent to the Warner's Ranch Indians, 
who are soon to be turned from their lifelong homes. A 
comfortable bed was bought for an invalid woman; a quilt 
made for a consumptive; a committee appointed to sew 
for a blind woman; money given to a widow struggling to 
support four children; visits made to a lonely girl in a hos- 
pital — all this and in a hundred other ways has this branch 
given of its sunshine. Next to Escondido this is the largest 
club In the State, — it numbering seventy members, and Es- 
condido ninety-six. 

Every clubwoman and every member of the Sunshine 
Society should subscribe for Club Life. 




King's Vibratory Massage 

The Most Perfect Up-to-Date Scientific Treatment 
of Scalp and Pace 

IT IS NOT ELECTRICITY 

It is a rapid movement of the fingers in a most thorough massage. 
This movement is brought about by an eccentric driven by an electric 
motor. The fingers act as Httle soft firm hammers giving 1 ,800 to 2,000 
strokes per minute. 

Of all the processes and applications combined, which have ever 
been invented for face and scalp treatment, they cannot for a single 
moment compare with the marvelous results obtained by this thorough 
and common-sense method. 

Headaches and Neuralgia are invariably cured. The delightful 
soothing sensation to the entire nervous system cures Insomnia and 
many nervous afifections. The treatment is the most delightful, restful 
and invigorating of any that has ever been invented and can only be 
appreciated or understood after once trying. 

Demonstrations always free 

Send lor cemplete llluatrated catalogues and prlcea of the 
various styles of machines 

Main Office, Salesroonis and Treatments 

Second Floor, Phelao Building, 806 Market St., San Francisco, Cal 



THE KINO VIBRATOR CO. 



Telephone Black 5144 



[«* 




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I 



Saturday Club. The greeting which the 
Saturday Club gave January 3d (Artist Day) to our 
American composer — MacDowell — was indeed most 
hearty, and Sacramentans may well feel proud of the fact 
that we were honored by the first concert in California. 
Congregational Church was packed to the doors, and, 
judging from the quiet during the numbers and the 
applause at the end, all were fascinated and charmed by 
this gifted pianist. More than half of his program were 
selections from his own compositions, which need the 
interpretation of the composer to bring out their full mean- 
ing. He is artistic to a degree — from the bold Keltic 
music in his " Fourth Sonata," to the light music of 
his " Shadow Dance." Truly, America has at last 
found its composer, and some day more than one will 
look back to that memorable event, when, as a young man, 
he was heard for the first time on the Western Coast. 
There was a slight change in his program, giving the 
" Scotch Poem," an interesting artistic bit and " Concert 
Study " instead of the last two numbers. For a final 
encore his delightful " Witches' Dance " was received 
with a great burst of enthusiasm. Those who remained 
to meet the artist were favored in the most informal way 
by his " Water-lily " and " Wild-rose." 

Home Day. January 17th the Saturday Club en- 
joyed another of its musical programs. The clubrooms, 
as usual, were attractive with greens and foliage and 
further heightened by the light and pretty costumes of the 
assembled guests. 

Tuesday Club. The club's meeting day last 
month was in charge of the Home and Educational De- 
partment. Among the topics listened to was the " Booker 
Washington School " by Harris Weinstock. The club- 
rooms were filled to their utmost owing to the number of 
visitors in Sacramento at the present time. 

The Junior Saturday Club. At the reg- 
ular meeting last month Ethel Fredericks read an interest- 
ing paper on the " Life of Bach." A very fine musical 
program was given. 

The Gri^^s Club. Circle No. i of the Griggs 
Club is studying " The Women of Homer " by Walter 
Copland Perry in connection with Homer's " Odyssey." 

They meet weekly and each member in alphabetical 
order makes special study and research for the entertain- 
ment and instruction of the entire class. 

Ladies' Museum Association. At the meet- 
ing of the Ladies' Museum Association held last month 
at the residence of Miss Bessie Crouch, the association 
elected Mrs. W. H. Govan and Miss Carrie Yoerk as 
delegates to the State Federation of Women's Clubs which 
will meet in Fresno in February. Mrs. E. F. Eraser and 
Mrs. V. S. McClatchy were chosen as alternates. 

It was announced that when the School of Design 
opens in March two free scholarships will be given. 

Mrs. George C. Pardee, wife of the Governor, was 
unanimously elected an honorary member of the associa- 
tion. 

It was decided to set aside a small sum of money as 
the nucleus of a fund to purchase a painting, from the 
brush of a Calif ornian, to hang in the Crocker Art 
Gallery. 

The association intends to establish a traveling art 
portfolio, under the custody of Miss Mary Crouch. The 



idea is to send into remote districts copies of pictures by A^P., 
famous artists and original sketches. ^/*< 

An entertainment will be given in the Crocker Art ^tf 
Gallery in the near future, to which the various women's 
clubs of the city will be invited. 

The association elected the following officers: 

President, Miss Bessie Crouch; vice-president, Mrs. 
J. E. Terry; treasurer, Mrs. W. H. Govan; secretary, 
Mrs. H. B. Breckenfeld; board of directors, Mrs. A. 
Neilson, Mrs. E. C. Jordan, Miss Carrie Yoerk, Mrs. 
T. B. Hall, Mrs. M. A. Pealer. 

At the conclusion of the business of the club light 
refreshments were served by the hostess. 

Founder of the Tuesday Club. 

Mrs. Findley R. Dray, formerly Mary Frances 
Orrick, was born in 1844 ^t St. Charles, Missouri, a short 
distance above St. Louis. With her father, mother and 
seven or eight brothers and sisters she " crossed the plains " 
in 1853, at the age of nine years, and reaching California 
after a six months' journey in an ox team settled in a home 
on the American River three miles above the city of 
Sacramento. 

They encountered during the trip across the continent 
all the hardships incident to travel in those early days, 
having horses and cattle stolen, meeting with hostile In- 
dians and only escaping serious injury at one time by their 
proximity to Fort Laramie where protection was afforded 
them. 

At the age of sixteen Mary F. Orrick was married to 
Findley R. Dray, who was a few years her senior, and 
immediately after they came to Sacramento to reside, 
which ever since has been their home. 

Having come to California in the early pioneer days 
when advantages of all kinds were limited, and having 
married at so early an age, Mrs. Dray keenly felt the lack 
of educational attainments, and possessing a yearning 
desire for greater knowledge, she studied, after her 
marriage, arithmetic, writing and other practical subjects. 
As her interesting family of eight girls and boys grew up 
around her, she and her husband studied with them the 
higher branches of learning as they gathered around the 
family table in the evenings. 

Mrs. Dray's life has been devoted to the welfare of 
her family, yet with all the care and responsibility entailed 
therein, she has always taken an active part in church and 
charitable work and in social affairs. In these she has 
always had a valuable co-operator in her husband, a man 
of progressive ideas, who has held many prominent public 
positions in county and State, whose object in life was to 
promote the best interests of his family and to be a factor 
for good in the community in which he lived. 

Having reared her family to the estate of manhood 
and womanhood, having educated them in the higher 
schools of the State and seen them comfortably and honor- 
ably settled in life, Mrs. Dray found the leisure to indulge 
to the fullest degree her literary and musical tastes. 
Gathering around her a few friends who were to meet in 
their respective parlors for purposes of study and research, 
she " builded better than she knew," for out of the nucleus 
of this little assemblage has grown the Tuesday Club of 
Sacramento, a substantial, conservative club whose in- 
fluence has become far-reaching, and is exerted upon civic 
and municipal affairs as well as those of a purely educa- 
tional nature. The patient endeavor, the high aspirations, 
the devotion to duty, the conquering of difficulties, the 
well-doing of a life thus lived is an inspiration to those 
associated with her, and who look up to her with love and 
reverence. 

Affection is the broadest basis of a good life. 



«3] 



Adolph Huber 
President. 



Telephone East 791 



Ludwig Catering Co, 



lucorporated 



1601 California Street 



Ernest H. Ludw'ig 
Vice-President. 



San Francisco. Cal. 



CASH 



BUT MAINLV 

IVHOLESOME FOODS 
BEST IN THE U. S. 



PROVIDES ECONOMY 

Pure 

To be had at SMITH'S CASH STORE, 25 Market Street, S. F. 

THE BEST FRENCH LAUNDRY IN TOWN 

J. P. LACAZE & CO. 

Telephone East 615 

829 Sutter Street, Between Leavenworth and Jones, S. F. 

F.A.Swln J^^ ORIGINAL E.ubli.hcd ,856 

Swain's Bakery and Restaurant 

Telephone Gram Jl 

No. 21 J Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal. 
SUNSET CREAM AND BUTTER CO. 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 

Milk, Cream, Butter, Eggs and Buttermilk 

MANUFACTURERS OF CHARLOTTE RUSSE AND WHIPPED 

FANCY CREAMERY BUTTER CREAM A SPECIALTY 

420 McAllister street, s. f. 

TELEPHONE SOUTH S4 Milk or Cream Delivered to any part of the City 

The finest grades of Meat only at T.upho., equ 354 

The Cable Market Co, 

IMMEDIATE SERVICE 

S. E. Corner Polk and California Streets, San Francisco 



Geo. W. Caswell Co. 



Telephone 
Private Echangc 52 



Importers and Manufacturers 

TEAS, COFFEES, SPICES, EXTRACTS 
BAKING POWDER and OLIVE OIL 

412-414 Sacramento Street San Francisco, Cal. 

^^ I When that door won't open or shut, that drawer 

1^1 y^y/ does not fit, or you want something in the furniture 

J line you can't buy at a store, call up Red 5365 

and FRED TITT of 625 Washington Street (bet. Kearny and Mont- 
gomery), will attend to it and not charge much either. Try him. 




♦4HEWf80CESS^ 

P ATENT I '; 




Ploitr 



i-j - gPERRV FLOUR COMPANY 
- SIIHFRANC:iSCIlDFFIC£l?4 CtLIFODHlft ST. 




imm 



G. A. W. FOLKERS j "h"a,°folkei(s & bro. 

Importer of Surgical Instruments and Supplies. Manufacturer of Trusses and apparatus 
for Deformities, Etc., Elastic Stockings and Belts 

No. 809 Market Street, San Francisco 

ROOM 4, FLOOD BUILDING Telephone Bush 431 



Telephone East 431 



Established 1870 



ABRAMOVICH & CO finest kinds of fruits 

JT.UIViT.iVlW V l^^l:l OC \^KJ. AND VEGETABLES, ETC. 
1654 POLK STREET, Corner Clay, San Francisco 

Telephone East 1 1 c f°' oy.te,., shrimp., cm,., ci>mi, 

' i High-CJradc Tamales and Oyster Loaves 

Telephone OTSter Co. ■.■■1443 Polk Street 



CHILI-PEKA 



o 
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THE GREAT SEASONING for Soups, Meats and Spanish Dishes 

Lockyer' s Club House Seasoning for Tasty Stuffings. Aik Tour Groctr 




Depot : 
612-14 Geary Street 

San Francisco, Cal. 



Vineyard; 

Cupertino 

Santa Clara Co., Cal 



TELEPHONE POLK ZTSI 



' Chablis and Sauterne Types 
Claret X and Grand Wine 



PIERRE KLEIN, PROP 



The Pof/-l-im/=»n«- P-„„r„ n'>'l'='>y the Imperial Studio are 

=r arcnment r roois the swdiest thing the photog. 

rapher *s art has yet produced. 
There arc plenty of imitations. The real thing is a little more cxpcniive, but is 
worth the difference. 



Phqne Red 746 



IMPERIAL STUDIO 

724 Market Street 



SAN FRANCISCO 



A Drug Store with Every Telephone 

Our ^uid delivery service enables every person, having a telephone 
in the house, to get drugs and medicines quicker from us than by 
sending around the corner to a near-by drug store. 

We Call for Prescriptions 

and deliver the medicine without extra charge. There's no wait- 
ing or trouble at all. Just telephone East gg4, and we do the rest. 

David M. Fletcher S. W. cor. van Ness Ave. and Geary St. 

National Electric Co. 

Electric Lamps, Supplies and Construction 

344 POST STREET 

The Latest Best Trunk 

Opening up into an Elegant Dres- 
ser. Finished in hand-polished 
furniture woods — Bird's-eye Ma- 
ple, Mahogany, Oak, etc. Has 
convenient apartments for all 

Toilet Articles, flats. Parasols 

CALIFORNIA DRESSER 
TRUNK COMPANY 

100 GEARY STREET 

Cor. Grant Avenue 



Telephone Brown 188 



THE 



Visitors are invited to inspect 

our fine and select Japanese 

HINOMOTO Emb. Cloisonne, Purses with 

2 I 7 Geary Street nelsuke and Art Goods. All 

Next door to Peacock Caf4 ].i„J^ of KimonoS OUr Specialty. 

SAN FRANCISCO 



MAIN OFFICE 

YOKOHAMA 
JAPAN 

Japan Tea Room 

A'OW OPEfJ 



PATRICK & CO 

■^ RUBBER STAMPS • 

STENCILS, SEALS, BRANDS, ETC. 

221 S*NSOME St. S'^n Francisco. 



[H 




Joaquin Miller's Poems: — It would seem after 
careful perusal of the Whitaker & Ray Company's latest 
edition of the complete poetical works of Joaquin Miller, 
as if it were still another instance of "A prophet is not 
without honor save in his own country." Californians 
do not seem sufficiently to realize that we have here in our 
midst as great a poet as can be found among the English 
speaking people. 

The book is exceedingly well gotten up, with some 
beautiful illustrations, and comprises as complete a collec- 
tion of his poems as it was possible for him to make. One 
:ould fill a volume with deserved praise. He speaks from 
his heart, which is evidently as grand, true, and inspiring 
IS the high Sierras that he loves so well; and he sets his 
thoughts to as sweet music as ever thrilled a human soul. 

One may open the volume at random and find in al- 
most any verse an uplifting thought that will tend to make 
Dne better, purer and happier by the receiving of it. "Do 
NTot Stop at the Station Despair" will go into any reader's 
Tiind and remain there as a beacon-light toward hope and 
:he future. 

He says in his foot-notes that he can commend to his 
overs only the few last poems in the book; that though 
he earlier ones have color, and clime, and perfume of the 
voods, nevertheless he feels that they fall short of the 
;reat eternal lesson which the poet is born to teach — the 
visions of worlds beyond; that he has tried to mend this 
ault in his later work and to give his new poems not only 
)ody but soul. His success speaks for itself. 

One feels that when he arrives at the end as if he 
lad been on a long journey and had at last reached the 
freat goal of human desire, — the understanding of Truth 
ind the Soul. The poet's travels have been extensive and 
le carries you with him over ocean, plain and mountain, 
;iving you delightful glimpses of the scenery, habits, and 
)eople with whom he has come in contact. He is never 
litter, never unkind; he has a keen sense of humor and 
vhat is almost an oddity to find in one who lives, as the 
ayman thinks, amongst the stars, a most astonishing 
mount of good, hard, common sense. 

One lays the book down with a feeling of regret that 
here is not more; but the thoughts, the desires, the aspira- 
ions which he has awakened will go on throughout the re- 
ipient's life. 

The foot-notes, for which he craves the reader's par- 
on, are as attractive in their way as the poems themselves, 
nd give one a closer, sweeter impression of the man than 
ne would otherwise get. 

Lack of space forbids a more complete description 
f the work, but all true lovers of art, nature, the sublime, 
nd the beautiful must do honor to one of the brightest 
:ars In California's firmament — the grand old " Poet of 
le Sierras," Joaquin Miller. Whitaker & Ray Corn- 
any. Price $2.50. 

Danny: — I would advise all those who are lovers of 
umb creatures, especially of dogs, to read " Danny." It 
a tale that will appeal most forcibly to their hearts and 
/mpathies. To one who Is unable and often unwilling to 
;alize that God has planted in the brains of a dog a knowl- 
ige that often passeth the understanding of a man, it will 
ill as flat as a beautiful work of art will to an eye and 
und Incapable of comprehending the blending of colors 
id the exquisite Imagination of the master artist. 

It is " Danny's " story from cover to cover, his life, 
is habits, and above all, the one grand passion for his mis- 



tress, which lasted even beyond her grave — all are his. 
The Intense grief he showed when she was taken from 
him is one of the most touching things of the kind that I 
have ever read, because nearest the truth and without any 
seeming desire to exaggerate it. The manner in which he 
won his way Into the heart of the sour old Scotchwoman, 
the drunken old serving man, and the grim, stern old laird, 
only goes to teach the lesson to all of us that love will rule 
in tenderness and sweetness if we will but open our hearts 
to its gentle knocking. 

It is an interesting, appealing little story that will 
cause the reader to feel that the hour spent with it has not 
been idled away. (For sale at A. M. Robertson.) 

Louise Battles Cooper. 

Bright Little Poems for Bright Little Peo- 
ple : — The Whitaker & Ray Company, Publishers, have 
issued a charming Children's Book which was given to a 
little girl of ten to read and here is her view of its merits: 

" I have read the book ' Bright Little Poems for 
Bright Little People,' and I think it Is just simply lovely 
and the poems are so sweet. 

" The poems I like best are, — ' Miss Solemnica Prim ' 
and ' Miss Jollica Gay,' because Miss Prim Is so funny and 
old-fashioned and Miss Gay so full of mischief and such a 
little fly-away that it Is very funny to read about them. 
' To a Loyal Heart ' Is just lovely, because Don Is so good 
and faithful you can't help loving him. ' The Squirrel's 
Appeal ' Is so sad that It nearly made me cry to think of a 
poor little dumb squirrel in a cage when It Is used to racing 
around in the woods. 

" 'A Jail Delivery ' Is sad at first, but I was so glad 
when it said the bird and fish were set free. 'When the 
Dog Show Comes to Town ' is another sad one. I think 
It is a shame to treat poor animals that are dumb that way 
and it Is very wrong. ' The Deer Hunt ' is just fine. I 
wish every one would be as kind as that person was and 
leave the poor deer In peace. I think it Is a shame to hunt 
them. ' The Foster-Father ' Is sad too. How cruel for 
the chickens to treat a poor bantam rooster that way ! I 
was glad the bantam got the little chicks. 

"All the verses are just fine and I could talk all day 
about them." Margie. 

The California Club has sent a traveling library to 
the King's Daughters reading-room in Kings City, 
Monterey County. 

Applications for traveling libraries have lately been 
received by State Chairman Susanne R. Patch, from Brad- 
ley, Soquel, Corralitos, Cloverdale and Crescent City. It 
is hoped that in a short time all of these requests may be 
honored. 

Criterion Club, Alameda 

The January meetings of the Criterion Club proved 
very interesting. Some very able papers were read. "Re- 
cent Inventions" by Mrs. C. W. Jackson, "Noted Women 
of Today" by Mrs. R. W. Mastick, and "Period of the 
Renaissance" by Mrs. Brower, were exceedingly clever and 
deserving of particular mention. 

The delegates elected to represent the club at the 
Convention of the State Federation to be held at Fresno 
on the third, fourth and fifth of the month were Mrs. 
George B. Bird, President of the Club, and Mrs. Frederick 
G. Baker, with Mrs. L. L. Gillogly and Mrs. Robert 
Smith La Motte as alternatives. 

A Seeress. Pierce the veil of the future and have 
your future read. 714 Leavenworth (near Sutter), S. F. 



ceu6 

Btfe 



<5] 



Miss Elizabeth B. Easton 



Teachzr of English Literature, Rhetoric, and History. 
Long Experience and Highest City References. 

Courset of study arranged in 

English Literature, — Ten periods. 

'* ** — Individuil authors. 

** *' — Nineteenth Century. 

Shakespeare. 
Browning. 

The Technique o\ English Verse. 
History, — Ancient, Medieval, Modern, English, German. 

Indi'viduai Utions to both adults and young penom a specially; terms^ ^l. JO per hour. 

N. B. Courses of study for clubs, classes or individuals, at a 
distance from San Francisco, arranged by correspondence, 

MISS EASTON may be addressed at 

Telephone Sutter 2376 P03 Sutter Street, San Francisco 

SEASON ipo2-ipoj 

Mme. Mary Fairweather 

LECTURER 

OREGON and WASHINGTON— February and March, igoj 

fVomen^s Club and Colleges only 

SUBJECTS : 

/— IVagnerian A rt and Philosophy. 

s—The Master Minds : x. The Greek Dramatists, z. Dante. 3. Goethe. 4. Shake- 
speare. 

3— Great Moderns— Literary and Dramatic, i. Browning. 2, Ifauptman, 3, Maeter- 
linck. 4. Ibsen. 

Exclusive Direction, KENNETH L. BERNARD, 

Columbian Buildings San Francisco^ Cal. 
For descriptive introduction^ terms, etc, 

T •//• 7/" /^> o Graduate and Pupil Teacher of Cooper Union, New 

Ltllte y. O Ryan Yot\l. Miniature Lessons from Life and Print. 

Painter of JANICE MEREDITH 

The Studio : Room 5, 424 Pine Street, San Francisco 

MISS SUSANNE R. PATCH 

Teacher of Singing (^hamper ti Method) 

MISS NELLIE B. PATCH 

Teacher of Piano 

Residence and Studio : IJ2I Clay Street, near Hyde 
Telephone Larkin 22S1. 

DO YOU WISH 
TO BECOME 
SELF-SUSTAINING.? 

If so, no occupation offers so attractive a field for an 
intelligent, ambitious young woman as stenography, 
and one so speedily remunerative. 

We give individual instruction, and secure positions 
for graduates. 

Day and Evening Classes 
Copying Done 
Stenographers Furnished 

If interested, call upon or write to the 

Merrill-Miller College 

855 Market Street 
Rooms 40-42, Parrott Building 



Telephone South 880 

Send for Catalogue 



KATHERINE L. MILLER 
Principal 



OV A T Xt- CC\ a»ts Eltabliihcd 1886 Phone BUck JS66 

• ^^-f^i «• V-V-/. ••♦ Main Office: Toklo, J.pin 

IMPORTERS OF JAPANESE ART GOODS 

316 Kearny Street San Francisco, Cal. 




iVemoval 

The Vienna Model Bakery, at the corner of Kearny 
and Post Streets, will remove February ist to 222 Sutter 
Street — the commodious premises lately occupied by Leb- 
enbaum & Co. 

The Vienna Model Bakery ha's been established since 
1877 and their success is so unprecedented tKat the pro- 
prietors find it necessary to branch out in larger facilities 
for the comfort of its regular customers — not to mention 
the increasing number of clubwomen who congregate in 
their clubrooms close by. The clubwomen recognize this 
establishment as one of the most comfortable places to go 
to for lunch when downtown. Breakfasts and dinners are 
also served. The new quarters will be newly furnished 
throughout and the appointments and service unequaled. 

Any one requiring an absolutely pure olive oil, es- 
pecially for medicinal use, should ask for the Vincent 
C. Smith oil. It can be bought at the following places: 
Market St., Nos. 25, 565, 1016; Pine St., No. 432; 
Sutter St., No. 230; Geary St., No. 612; Devisadero 
St., Nos. 401, 500; Mission St., No. 1896. 

Juanita, be my Valentine ! 
If you do my love decline, 
I shall quickly droop and pine. 
Juanita's skin, 'gainst windy clime, 
Velveta keeps so soft and fine. 
Accept, fair maid, this heart of mine ! 

Velvets is sold everywhere and from the inventor 
and manufacturer, Val Schmidt, southwest corner Polk 
and Jackson Streets, San Francisco. 

Let Us All Resolve 

First, to attain the grace of silence; second, to deem 
all fault-finding that does no good a sin, and to resolve 
when we are happy ourselves not to poison the atmos- 
phere for our neighbors by calling on them to remark 
every painful and disagreeable feature of their daily life; 
third, to practice the grace and virtue of praise. — Harriet 
B. Stoive. 

We are apt to measure ourselves by our aspiration 
instead of our performance. But in truth the conduct of 
our lives is the only proof of the sincerity of our hearts. — 
George Eliot. 

San Francisco Blue BooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1903-1904, contains names, 
addresses and offices of the leading Women's Clubs. Address all 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 



121 Qeary Street, Starr King Building, San Francisco. 

^ golj and 2 tilver medali 
at Parit Exposition 

Trial lesson Freo on ipplloitlon to 

Soorettry 
CommerolBl Cliisos 

SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

All languages taught by the Berlitz Method, the best and quickest 
ever devised. Competent Native Teachers. Private and class 
instruction. Nearly 200 branches, with 75,000 students in the 
principal cities oj America and Europe. 





[16 



No time to write 
an ad this month. 
Too busy handling 
the business we 
have already gotten 



The Stanley-Taylor Company 

Printers and Designers 

656 Mission Street, San Francisco 

"Club Life" printed by us 





Go East via the 

mraiiOioMeB.B. 




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Three express trains daily. Perfect dining-car service 

Standard and ordinary sleepers without change to all points East 

Tourist Excursions Daily 
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Most Magnificent Scenery in America 

Ticket Office: 625 Market Street, San Francisco 



UOKI HtfR-DDEeaER 




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IMira Valle 




"Mira Valle" (meaning look at the valley), name given because of 
location in the mountains with view of the valley, is duly registered 
since 1890. Any person infringing upon this name is committing a 
misdemeanor. Beware of unscrupulous persons who refill the bottles. 

co^t'LJanded "MIRA VALLE, p. KLEIN." 

This famous brand of wines, produced from the choicest varieties of 
grapes, carefully made, nursed and aged, is pronounced by connois- 
seurs equally as good as the best of imported. It is the aim of the 
producer to make quality and not quantity. While having already 
made a world-wide reputation, he intends to maintain the same 
standard of excellence, and still further improve it. Only choice 
vintages are bottled. There are two types of red wines, namely: 
Claret X and Grand Wine, and two types of white wine. Dry Sauteme 
and Chablis types. 
Following is the facsimile of label of genuine Mira Vaile Wines : 



I 






GOLD MEDAL, BUFFALO, 1901 



OOLO ncDAt. PAnia laoe 




OFFICE. 
612-14- GEARY St. 

i*n Frvnusco C<L 



Vineyard 

CUPERTINO 

S*bU CIdrA COvCaI 



GOLD MEDALS: 
Contours d'Hygiene, Brussels, 1896; Paris, 1900; Buffalo, 1901 

LOCATION OF VINEYARD : 
Cupertino, Santa Clara County, California 






TELEPHONE POLK 2781 

NOTE : While I have a regular price for my standard wines, I have also 
in stock a limited quantity of Grand Wine Special, of exceptional good 
vintage, very mild, rich and mellow. 



PRINTED DV THE ETANLEV-TAYLOR CO. SAN FRANCIICO 



(r>oe, 1, (no. ii 




(^uarcp, 1903 



$1.00 a ^ear 




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^ffictaf (Dr^an Caftfornia Seberafton of HJ^omen's CfuBe anb Cafifornia TnterMtionaf ^unB^ine ^ocietp 




TaKe an -^"^i? 
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SOUTIlERff PACIFIC 
ROCH ISLAND. 



Ilpck Island Ticket Office: 
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Full Particulars at 
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513 MarKet Street 



Club l^ife 



PUBLISHED 



B Y 



TKe Club'woinan's Guild 

1329 California Street J& San Francisco 

Office and Calling Hours i i lO A. M. to 4- P. M. 
TELEPHONE EAST 1008 

Contents 



California Federation of Women's Clubs . 1-3 
Report of Vice-President of San Francisco 



District ...... 

Northern District Report 

Riverside Rejoicings ..... 

California Outdoor Art League 

Forum Club ...... 

Floral Society ..... 

Papyrus Club ...... 

Sempervirens Club ...... 7 

Corona Club . . . . . . 7, 8 

Contemporary Club ..... 8 

Association Pioneer Women of California , 8 

Woman's Auxiliary California Pioneers . . 8 



3,4 

5 

5 

5 

5 
6 

7 



Collecting Historical Data .... 8 

California International Sunshine Society . . 9 

Sacramento Clubs . . . . . 10 

"The Song Too Many Sing," Poem — Augusta 

Raymond Kidder . . . . .10 
Library Department . . . . . 11, 12 

The Decrease of the Birth Rate in the United 

States — What Does it Mean? — Laura Bride 

Power ....... 

"Sue Allerton's Way," Story — Ruth Comfort 

Mitchell 13-16 

Book Reviews — Louise Battles Cooper . -if 
Art in Japan . . . • • '5 

Shopping News . • • • • .16 



Entered July 10, l g O 2 , as Second-class Matter 
Postoffice at San Francisco, Cal. Act of Congress of March J, l8/p 



Cl\ib Life 



Vol. 1. 



MARCH, 1903 



No. 11. 



California Federation of Women's Clubs 



We present a brief summary of the proceedings of 
the second annual convention of the California Federa- 
tion of Women's Clubs. 

The preparations for this meeting and arrange- 
ments for the entertainment of delegates had engrossed 
the energies of Fresno clubwomen for months. The 
success in every particular which crowned their efforts, 
the sense of personal interest and kindness expressed in 
the hospitality of both citizens and clubwomen, will make 
the occasion of this convention live long in the grateful 
remembrance of every visiting delegate. 

Armory Hall had been exquisitely decorated for the 
occasion with a wealth of ferns, palms and potted plants. 
A lovely detail of the decoration was a dado of orange 
and olive foliage interspersed with small oranges. An- 
other effective bit was the tea-room cozy corner shaded 
by an immense Japanese umbrella, and adorned with 
boughs of the Japanese flowering plum. 

It was a very great disappointment to the delegates 
to learn that the honored President of the Federation, 
Mrs. Kate A. Bulkley, of Oakland, was unable to attend 
the convention on account of illness. Her place was very 
capably filled by Mrs. W. W. Stilson, of Los Angeles. 
The absence of Mrs. Harris Weinstock, of Sacramento, 
Treasurer of the Federation, and Mrs. Wm. Beckman, 
Vice-President of the Sacramento District was greatly 
regretted. 

On Tuesday morning, at nine o'clock, the delegates 
commenced to present their credentials, and up to noon 
Ii8 had been accredited. At 9:30 the Executive Board 
met, and this meeting was followed an hour later by one 
of the council of the presidents when the business of the 
convention was presented for discussion. 

At two o'clock the convention was formally opened 
by Mrs. W. W. Stilson, and the following excellent pro- 
gram presented: 

Meeting of Federation, Mrs. Kate A. Bulkley, 
Chairman. 

Invocation, Rev. H. C. Hanson. 
(Music.) 

Address of Welcome, Hon. L. O. Stevens, Mayor 
of Fresno. 

Address of Welcome, Mrs. W. D. Coates, Pres. 
of Local Board, Fresno. 

Response by the Vice-President, Mrs. W. W. Stil. 
son, Los Angeles. 

(Music.) 

Fraternal greeting from San Joaquin Valley Federa- 
tion. 

Report of Credential Committee, Mrs. Victor L. 
Willis. 

Report of the Local Board, Mrs. W. D. Coates. 

Report of Program Committee, Mrs. Geo. W. 
Haight, Berkeley. 

Report of Recording Secretary, Mrs. Geo. Babcock, 
Fresno. 

Report of Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. J. W. Orr, 
San Francisco. 



Report of Assistant Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. 
A. S. C. Forbes, Los Angeles. 

Report of Treasurer, Mrs. H. Weinstock, Sacra- 
mento. 

Report of Auditing Committee, Mrs. Philip Morse, 
San Diego. 

Report of State Corresponding Secretary of General 
Federation, Mrs. J. F. Sartori, Los Angeles. 

Announcement of Committee on Rules and Regula- 
tions, Mrs. Florence Kendall, Chairman. 

Announcement of Committee on Resolutions, Mrs. 
Sumner Hunt, Chairman. 

As soon as the convention was formally opened, 
Mrs. L. F. Darling, Vice-President San Diego District, 
moved the passage of the following resolution : 

'' Resolved, That this California Federation now 
assembled, Feb. 3, 1903, send the following telegram to 
Mrs. Kate A. Bulkley, Oakland: 

" Cordial greeting and loving sympathy with regrets 
that ill health has prevented your presence here. Our 
prayer is for your speedy recovery to health and we pledge 
ourselves to the welfare of this Federation, and the suc- 
cess of this convention. 

(Signed) The Clubwomen Assembled. 

In the evening a brilliant reception was given the 
Federation by the clubwomen of Fresno. 

Wednesday morning the proposed amendments to 
the constitution and by-laws were taken up. 

The first amendment was to Section 4 of Article III 
of the constitution which required a club in order to be 
eligible to have been in existence six months. The pro- 
posed amendment changed this period to one month. 
Compromise of three months finally carried. 

Section 2 of Article IX was amended to limit the ten- 
ure of one person in office to two consecutive years, instead 
of two consecutive terms, as heretofore. 

The proposed amendment of Article I, Section 2, of 
the by-laws, consisting of three sections in place of one. 
The first of these providing for a two-year instead of a 
one-year term of officers was lost by a large majority. 
Section 3 was revised to read as follows: "Vice-Presi- 
dents of the districts shall be nominated at the district meet- 
ing held previous to the State Convention, and elected at 
the annual convention at which the annual election of offi- 
cers takes place; such elections to be ratified by that con- 
vention." Adopted. 

A second section added to Article III providing that 
the fiscal year should begin January first, was adopted. 

The number of delegates from each club on the Nom- 
inating Committee was changed from one to two. 

The section requiring the President, Recording Sec- 
retary and Corresponding Secretary to reside in the same 
locality was adopted. 

The name of San Joaquin District changed to San 
Joaquin Valley District. 

Report of Committee on Rules and Regulations was 
then presented. 

The case of the Jessie Benton Fremont heirs was next 



i] 



rPufi presented by Mrs. F. A. Gibson, of Los Angeles. Mrs. 
\y7f Sumner Hunt, of Los Angeles, offered a resolution urging 
Pi\\t the State Legislature to make the settlement of the Fre- 
mont claim the business of the State of California. This 
was followed by supplementary resolutions Introduced by 
Mrs. Van Deming. Unanimously indorsed. 

Report of Vice-President of the Northern District, 
Mrs. Wm. Beckman, of Sacramento (In her absence read 
by Miss Jennie McConnell, of Elk Grove). 

Report of Vice-President of San Francisco District, 
Mrs. L Lowenberg, of San Francisco. 

Report of Vice-President of Los Angeles District, 
Miss Ellen F. Thompson (In her absence read by Miss 
Meeker, of Riverside). 

Dr. Tame! Kin's delightful address on " The Chinese 
Woman," followed. 

Balloting for the new board of officers continued 
until one o'clock. 

Wednesday afternoon session: 

Report of the Chairman on Libraries and Portfolios. 
The Library Opportunity forcibly presented by Mrs. 
Eliza Tupper Wilkes. 

Household Economics, Mrs. Robt. Watt, Chairman. 
Co-operative Housekeeping, Mrs. L N. Chapman, 
Alameda. 

Lively discussion followed In which Mrs. Julia A. 
Sanborn, Mrs. Eliza T. Wilkes, and Mrs. John F. Swift 
took part. 

The result of the election was here reported, the 
tellers announcing that out of a registered number of 145 
delegates, 134 had voted. 

The following officers were declared elected: 
President, Mrs. L. F. Darling, San Diego District; 
Vice-President, Mrs. Geo. Law Smith, San Francisco 
District; Recording Secretary, Mrs. J. B. Millard, Los 
Angeles District; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. F. M. 
Heath, San Diego District; Treasurer, Miss M. B. John- 
ston, Sacramento District; Auditors, Mrs. Esther Birkbee, 
San Joaquin District; Mrs. Mary C. Allen, Alameda 
District; State Corresponding Secretary of the General 
Federation, Mrs. L N. Chapman, Alameda District; 
District Vice-Presidents, Miss Jennie McConnell, North- 
ern District; Mrs. Arthur Osborne, San Francisco Dis- 
trict; Mrs. Chas. L. Sargeant, Alameda District; Mrs. 
E. A. Larklns, San Joaquin District; Mrs. Frank Pryor, 
Los Angeles District; Mrs. Martha E. Hewitt, San 
Diego District. 

Report of Committee on Forestry, Mrs. J. G. 
Lemmon, Chairman. 

University Bill — for the establishment of a school 
of forestry at State University, Mrs. Geo. Law Smith. 
Arbor Day, Dr. Mary RItter, of Berkeley. 
Report of Committee on Reciprocity, Mrs. Edwin 
C. Southworth, Chairman. 

Education, Mrs. E. B. Purnell, Chairman (read by 
Mrs. F. A. Edinger, of Sacramento). 

The Bible as Literature, Mrs. J. B. Hume, Berkeley. 

The evening's session was devoted to a talk on 

" Women's Clubs and the Relation That Might Exist to 

the University Extension Movement," by Prof. Henry 

Morse Stephens, of the University of California. 

The Thursday morning session was occupied with 
the reports of San Joaquin Valley District, Mrs. George 
Dodge, Hanford; Alameda District, Mrs. A. J. Foster, 
Berkeley; and San Diego District, Mrs. L. F. Darling, 
Riverside. 

It was a great disappointment to the convention 
that Dr. Dorothea Moore, Chairman of Committee on 
Civics, was unable to be present owing to a severe attack 
of grippe, and her report was omitted. 



Mrs. John F. Swift presented the report of the Con- 
sumers' League, and made an earnest appeal for the Child 
Labor Bill. 

Mrs. J. E. Cowles, Los Angeles, discussed Local 
Conditions. 

In the absence of Dr. Moore, Mrs. Geo. Law Smith 
was called to the platform, and delivered a stirring appeal 
for the Juvenile Court Bill. 

Mrs. John F. Swift introduced a motion that women 
should be appointed on the boards having charge of State 
institutions for women, notably the State asylum for the 
feeble-minded. Passed. 

Dr. Clark, of Riverside, moved that the delegates 
testify by a rising vote their thanks to Dr. Dorothea 
Moore for her efforts in the department of Civics, especi- 
ally In behalf of the Juvenile Court Bill, and that the 
Secretary convey to her this expression of the convention 
by telegram. Carried with enthusiasm. 

Good Roads, ably presented by Miss Carrie Blowers, 
of Woodland. 

The request of Mrs. Bissel, of Los Angeles, that 
the convention indorse an annual California clubs register 
which she Is about to publish, was granted after some dis- 
cussion. 

The Chairman of the Committee on Libraries and 
Portfolios was called to the platform to answer general 
inquiries as to the making up of traveling libraries. 

The matter of changing the meeting month was gen- 
erally discussed, and finally left with the Committee on 
Amendments to be presented for the consideration of the 
next convention. 

Mrs. F. A. Edinger, of Sacramento, gracefully pre- 
sented the cordial invitation of that city for the next meet- 
ing of the convention. Tabled for the morning. Taken 
up In the afternoon on motion of Mrs. C. Mason KInne, 
and accepted with enthusiasm. 
Thursday afternoon: 

The representatives of Club Life presented the 
wishes of that paper to be adopted as the official organ of 
the Federation. On motion of Mrs. Geo. Law Smith 
It was so declared by the convention. 

Mrs. E. G. Denniston, of San Francisco, presented 
the report of the Committee on Club Extension in the 
absence of its Chairman, Mrs. M. E. Ivlns. 

Three exquisite papers followed: "The Educative 
Value of Poetry," and the " Influence of the Minor 
Chord," by Mrs. W. A. Maddern, of Sanger, and the 
" Influence of the Major Chord," by Mrs. Edwin C. 
Southworth, also of Sanger. 

An interesting California symposium followed, be- 
ginning with the report of the Committee on California 
History and Landmarks, Mrs. A. S. C. Forbes, Chair- 
man. 

Literature of California, ably treated by Mrs. H. E. 
Bandini, Pasadena. 

Landmarks, Mrs. J. A. Bunting, Centervllle. 
El Camino Real, Mrs. A. R. Prather, Los Angeles. 
Mrs. Taylor, of Bakersfield, interestingly Intro- 
duced a group of Indian songs which were given with the 
phonograph. 

Folk-Lore poetically described by Mrs. A. S. C. 
Forbes. 

The Committee on Resolutions, Mrs. Henry Payot, 
Chairman, expressed the thanks of the convention to the 
Mayor, Local Board, Reception Committee, business men, 
the Press of Fresno, Music and Program Committees, 
renewed its sincere regrets for the absence of the President, 
Mrs. Kate A. Bulkley, and heartily thanked the Vice- 
President, Mrs. W. W. Stilson, for the able manner In 
which she had conducted the business of the convention. 



[* 



The fine address of the retiring President, Mrs. Bulk- 
ley, was read by Mrs. A. J. Foster, of Alameda. 

The ofBcers-elect were presented to the convention. 

Mrs. Stilson gracefully thanked the delegates for the 
courtesy and consideration extended to her. 

On motion of Mrs. C. Mason Kinne, the conven- 
tion expressed their thanks to Mrs. Stilson by a rising vote. 

In the evening the eloquent address of Dr. Chas. 
Brown, of Oakland, on the " Greatest Man of the Nine- 
teenth Century " fitly closed the meeting of the Federa- 
tion. 

In conclusion, appreciative mention is made here 
of the efficient and generous labors of the Corresponding 
Secretary, Mrs. Jas. W. Orr, the helpfulness of Mrs. Geo. 
W. Haight, and the services on the floor of delegates Mrs. 
J. N. Young, of Alameda, and Mrs. Florence Kendall, 
Mrs. C. Mason Kinne, and Mrs. Arthur Cornwall, of San 
Francisco. Susanne R. Patch. 



R.eport of Vice-President of S. T. District 

Madam President, Officers, Members, and Guests of the 
California State Federation: 

Having to report for all the clubs In the San Fran- 
cisco District, I come before you as Atlas with the weight 
of twenty-one clubs on my shoulders, increased from four- 
teen of last year, comprising at present over two thousand 
women. Some of these women have gained name and 
fame for themselves in the world of science, music, art and 
literature, and have distributed their possessions with a 
generous hand. 

The California State Federation has now the follow- 
ing important standing committees — Civics, Club Exten- 
sion, Education, Forestry, Household Economics, Cali- 
fornia History and Landmarks, Libraries and Portfolios, 
Program, Printing, and the Bureau of Reciprocity — to 
these committees one member has been appointed to each 
committee from each club as long as there were prizes for 
distribution. 

The most important work of the year in the clubs 
was the Juvenile Court Bill, which originated in the Cali- 
fornia Club, was endorsed by the State Board and which 
received the hearty support of all the clubs. Dr. Dorothea 
Moore, with her committee, has had the privilege of engi- 
neering this popular bill and the present Legislature will 
no doubt secure its passage and enforce its immediate 
adoption. 

The Forestry Committee — Forestry, a California 
club conception — now working for the preservation of 
the forests has an indefatigable leader in Mrs. J. G. 
Lemmon, whose literary productions in that direction 
are to be appreciated. 

The Traveling Committee of the Libraries, also in- 
troduced by the California Club, and endorsed by the 
State Board, has established a number of libraries under 
the enthusiastic chairman. Miss Susanne Patch. 

The Consumers' League, organized by Mrs. John F. 
Swift, President of the Local Council, was also endorsed 
by the California State Federation. 

I shall now endeavor to give an epitome of the work 
of the clubs in the San Francisco District. The California 
Club, San Francisco (membership 400), President, Mrs. 
Geo. Law Smith — the largest department club on the Pa- 
cific Coast has a Civic, Sociological, Science and Educa- 
tion department — each department sub-divided into sev- 
eral sections. The Civic Department has a committee in- 
vestigating possibilities for the appointment of women 
officials for women in all public institutions. The Social 
Science Department is divided into three sections — the 
Prison, Hospital and Study. The Educational Depart- 



ment has six working sections — Traveling Library, Art, A^Pitfi 
Music, Current Events, French, and Parliamentary and ^ ,^ 
Physical Culture — accomplishing good work along the ^\\t 
lines. 

Contemporary Club, San Francisco (membership 
40), Mrs. Florence Kendall, President — composed of 
brilliant and energetic women. The club is affiliated with 
the Local Council and the Consumers' League, and is 
handled by three large committees. It devotes itself to 
Traveling Libraries, History and Landmarks, and takes 
up the study of Parliamentary Law. The papers are al- 
ways followed by discussions, which render the programs 
doubly interesting. 

Corona Club, San Francisco (membership 200), 
President, Mrs. E. G. Denniston. It Is literary and social, 
but always ready to co-operate in all practical work. It 
has a very efficient President and Executive Board, and is 
In a very flourishing condition. 

Corona Literary and Social Club, Petaluma (mem- 
bership 17), President, Mrs. George Beckwith — recently 
organized to promote mutual helpfulness. 

Clionlan Club, San Francisco (membership 32), 
President, Mrs. Wesley Tucker Gorham. A literary and 
social club with active and energetic members. 

Daughters of California Pioneers, San Francisco 
(membership 53), President, Mrs. R. H. Morse. Its 
object is to perpetuate the memories of our pioneer fathers, 
but It is deeply Interested In the preservation of the land- 
marks and the forests of California; it also stands for the 
development of our State domains. 

Forum Club, San Francisco (membership 169), 
President, Mrs. Henry Payot. Devoted to literary and 
social pursuits, but co-operates with all practical work. 
It has delightful rooms, alluring In their comfort and is 
on the wave of prosperity. 

Laurel Hall Club, San Francisco (membership 100), 
President, Mrs. Thos. W. Collins. Formerly a purely 
literary society, now evolved Into sections, such as Grecian, 
Roman and Norse Mythology, involving sacred and an- 
cient history, French, Parliamentary Law, Civics, and Im- 
provement work. It has good material and fine leader- 
ship. 

Mills Club, San Francisco (membership 87), Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Wendell Easton. Organized In honor of Mrs. 
Mills, of Mills College, and composed of graduates of 
that institution. It is designed to promote friendly inter- 
course among its members, " elevating and advancing the 
cause of education and enlarging the sphere of woman's 
usefulness." 

Monday Club, Eureka (membership 24), President, 
Mrs. T. W. HIne. Organized for mutual benefit and 
public weal. 

Napa Study Club, Napa (membership 25), Presi- 
dent, Mrs. E. H. King. Recently organized for the study 
of American and English literature. 

Pacific Coast Woman's Press Association, San Fran- 
cisco (membership 120), President, Mrs. Florence Mathe- 
son. Composed of brilliant women writers " to promote 
acquaintance, good fellowship and advance their profes- 
sional interests." 

Papyrus Club, San Francisco (membership 40), 
President, Mrs. Mason C. Kinne. A new, but growing 
club of wit, humor and arts, as is said, "aiming to encour- 
age its members to woo the brighter side of life, to create a 
sense of merriment where none exists and cultivate the un- 
developed talent in that direction, the meetings carrying 
with them the beautiful sunshine of cheerfulness, which 
reflects and radiates for the betterment of all whom they 
may chance to meet." 

Philomath Club, San Francisco (membership 150), 



3] 



President, Mrs. I. Lowenberg. Organized to promote the 
higher ideals and work on the lines of intellectual advance- 
ment and to bring the members into closer bonds of sym- 
pathy, believing that the home " is the great bulwark of 
civihzatlon." 

Sorosis Club, San Francisco (membership 150), 
President, Mrs. L. L. Dunbar. Literary and social, com- 
prising many capable and active women, with brilliant 
possibilities. 

Schumann Club, San Francisco (membership 12, as- 
sociate membership 12), President, Mrs. E. F. Foster. 
Devoted to musical pursuits, taking interest in musical 
profession and endeavoring to foster the musical spirit 
of the community. 

Sonoma Valley Woman's Club, Sonoma (member- 
ship 85), President, Mrs. Martha Stearns. "The object 
of the club is to improve all sanitary conditions, parks and 
streets, and to promote social and literary interests of the 
community." 

South Park Settlement Mothers' Club, San Fran- 
cisco (membership 30), President, Mrs. J. Robinson. 
Interested in the Consumers' League and in the Outdoor 
Art League; study Parliamentary Law and ready to assist 
in all good work. 

Wimodausis, San Francisco (membership 25), 
President, Mrs. F. R. Carpenter. Literary and social and 
interested in all advancement. 

Woman's Club, San Jose (membership 100), Presi- 
dent, Mrs. W. C. Kennedy. Literary and improvement 
club, interested in all municipal improvements, accom- 
plishing good work. 

Woman's Club, Palo Alto (membership 100), Presi- 
dent, Mrs. C. H. Gilbert. Department club, has varied 
interests affecting the improvement of the town, is affiliated 
with the Consumers' League, takes up Forestry, Land- 
marks, Art, Music and Social duties. 

Woman's Club, Petaluma (membership 14), Presi- 
dent, Miss Ellen M. Cavanagh. A department club, 
studies literature and interested in Household Economics. 

Woman's Club, Watsonville (membership 44), 
President, Mrs. M. E. Tuttle. Literary and social, but 
interested in establishing libraries and in public improve- 
ments. 

In accordance with the unwritten law of the State 
Federation the second meeting of the clubs of the San 
Francisco District, was held Wednesday, November 26th, 
1902, 10 A. M., in the Forum Clubrooms, through the 
courtesy of the ladies of the Forum Club. Mrs. I. Lowen- 
berg, Vice-President, San Francisco District, presided, and 
Mrs. G. J. Bucknall acted as Secretary. Mrs. John F. 
Swift was elected a member of the Nominating Committee 
and Mrs. Geo. Law Smith a member of the Credential 
Committee for the State convention Two minute reports 
of the Presidents and of the different committees followed, 
and a short talk of the State President, Mrs. Bulkley, con- 
cluded the business session. The afternoon session was de- 
voted to a discussion on "Co-Education" — a recently agi- 
tated question in the universities — which was participated 
in by a member of every club in the district, and by Mrs. 
J. W. Orr, State Secretary. As the question was not voted 
upon, which side prevailed was not declared. 

It is to be deplored that not many new clubs have 
been formed in the extreme north of the San Francisco 
District and in the towns situated in the interior far from 
railroad centers. If the women in the isolated districts 
could be organized and induced to affiliate with the State 
Federation, the gain for them would be immeasurably 
great, as they are the ones to be brought in touch with the 
vital things that pulsate in the world and in the clubs. The 
mutual helpfulness which flows from the club — not from 
the clubs — is a diversion and a tonic for overtaxed nerves 



as well as for intellectual and social development — there- 
fore, the club should be encouraged. 

It is remarkable to observe how clubs have left the 
beaten track, " literary and social pursuits," which were 
formerly the object of every organized club and evolu- 
tionized into department clubs of specialties — they have 
grown in the true sense of the word. These women are 
banded together with the diamond and steel of intelli- 
gence and with earnestness of purpose for the betterment 
of conditions and beautifying of surroundings as well as 
for intellectual culture, and, above all, they uphold the 
sanctity of the home. Ingersoll says, " It takes a hundred 
men to make an encampment, but one woman can make 
a home." 

Clubs create community of interests and though indi- 
vidualism may be exaggerated, yet community interests 
should never bar out the idealism that clusters around the 
hearthstone. 

The fundamental part of knowledge is gained in 
schools, the higher culture in universities, but the highest 
general education is gained by association of which the 
club is a helpful factor. Life is activity, inertia death. 
Culture teaches repression: it is the essential step to self- 
control and submission. Club life is the great culture 
movement, exerting a broadening and humanizing influ- 
ence and developing what is highest and best in us. Every- 
where in life, the true question is, not what we gain but 
what we do, it is not what we receive, but what we give 
out and that is the endeavor of the Federation, "One for 
all, and all for one." 

The clubs of the San Francisco District have been 
most enthusiastic coadjutors, have encouraged, supported, 
advised and co-operated with the Vice-President on all 
required occasions for which she is duly grateful. 

With cordial greetings to all clubs, this report is 
respectfully submitted. Mrs. I. Lowenberg, 

Vice-President San Francisco District. 

(TUa5mn'0 
^ummet(Tlot)eftie0 

The most beautiful, exclusive, 
fascinating modes ever shown. 
Each style a work of art itself. 

Singerie 
Coats arib =pafe 

Assortment varied and pleasing. 
Prices moderate. 




m'922 (Ukrftet §ind 

^an Sran Cisco 



[4 



NortHern District Report 

Owing to absence in Mexico and recent illness I could 
not attend the February meeting held in Fresno. Reports, 
however, from all the clubs in my district, prove that the 
clubwomen are thoroughly interested in promoting meas- 
ures for the common good. 

Owing to the immense territory — nineteen counties — 
it is impossible to be in touch with remote clubs and for the 
same cause it is not always convenient for these clubs to be 
represented at District or State Meetings. What could be 
done by correspondence, I have done. I also addressed 
at Woodland, the women belonging to the Sacramento 
Valley Improvement Association, urging them to unite 
with the State Federation. Last summer I made a plea for 
traveling libraries before our Tuesday Club, of Sacra- 
mento. The clubwomen and many outside the club were 
most generous. In a short time two libraries of 150 
volumes each were sent out with enough books now for a 
third. The Kingsley Art Club, of Sacramento, has nobly 
contributed to the traveling libraries a collection of pictures 
which will be of great benefit to the clubs of the Northern 
District. 

Being limited in space I cannot enumerate the clubs 
in my district, but know that each club is earnestly working 
for the good of themselves and others, knowing that how- 
ever small, their efforts will not be in vain, and realizing 
that truth is simple, and that it is the intricate webs of 
error that are perplexing, also that it is the clubwoman's 
duty to help straighten out the tangles of the present. 
Forestry, reciprocity, club extension, etc., in all the various 
branches of work the earnest women I have appointed have 
been most conscientious and faithful in their efforts for the 
general good, being united in endeavoring to promote 
measures which all can endorse. 

The work of the clubwomen everywhere cannot fail; 
it must bring good results to the home, to the country; and 
if no nation rises higher than the life of the homes constitut- 
ing it, we need have no fears but that ours will keep pace 
if not in advance of any other the world has known or will 
know. Mrs. William Beckman, Sacramento, 

Vice-President Northern District. 

One of the most able papers read before the C. F. 
W. C. was that of Mrs. J. B. Hume, of Berkeley, on " The 
Bible as Literature." This valuable paper will be pub- 
lished in a later issue of Club Life. 

Riverside Rejoicings 

Of all the coteries in clubdom who get the most enjoy- 
ment out of life, commend us to the clubwomen of the San 
Diego District, who have had merry times over the return 
of the new president, Mrs. L. L. Darling, corresponding 
secretary, Mrs. Frederick M. Heath, and vice-president of 
the district, Mrs. Hewett, of the C. F. W. C, honors 
thoroughly deserved by these charming women. 

A big reception was given in their honor by the 
Woman's Club and the Extemporaneous Drill Club, Feb- 
ruary 9th in Odd Fellows Hall, Riverside. The Extem- 
poraneous Club gave a breakfast complimentary to Mrs. 
Darling, February nth, in the new Glenwood Hotel. 
Space prevents us giving details of the clever and witty 
speeches given on this occasion. The new Glenwood 
Hotel opens very auspiciously for the tourist season, is 
thoroughly equipped and managed by the proprietors Mr. 
and Mrs. Frank Miller. 

Mrs. Louise Benson has made many friends since her 
arrival here from New York and has proved a distinctive 
success before the Sorosis Club, Laurel Hall and Channing 
Auxiliary, giving the leading current events of the day and 
historical subjects, etc. Mrs. Benson is now giving a 
course of interesting lectures at the Century clubhouse. 



California Outdoor Art League ^fufi 

Members of the League are showing increased inter- ^^if^ 
est in the work of the organization, and plans are now well •*-'M^ 
under way for the promotion of several projects calculated 
to awaken more general attention in the beautifying of the 
city. 

Climatic conditions in California admit of floral and 
lawn adornment more than in the Eastern States, and the 
League intends to take advantage of this fact to the fullest 
extent. 

It is hoped that, in due season, the golden blossoms 
of the poppy, emblematic flower of the State, will brighten 
the slopes of two reservoirs of the Spring Valley Water 
Company. 

On Tuesday, February loth, a number of ladies 
belonging to the League planted eschscholtzia seeds on 
the banks of the reservoir on the block bounded by Hyde, 
Larkin, Greenwich and Lombard Streets, and on Satur- 
day, the 14th, the reservoir on Jones Street, between 
Washington and Clay Streets, was similarly treated. 

The unanimity with which the ladies turned out on 
these occasions strengthens belief in the usefulness of the 
League in matters of civic importance. 

In planting the reservoir sites the members of the 
League recognize the kindness of Charles Webb Howard, 
President of the Spring Valley Water Company, and of 
Joseph A. Cox, of the Cox Seed Company, for liberal 
donations of poppy seeds. 

At the special election in April, when the question of 
a proposed bond issue will be submitted to the voters, the 
League members hope to do some active work. 

A large committee composed of prominent people 
has been formed having for its object the promotion of 
plans for the purchase of park sites for the city with funds 
derived from the issuance of municipal bonds. For this 
and the establishment of other important measures an 
extended plan of campaign is being perfected and the 
League looks for satisfactory results. 

While the League intends to hold mainly to the 
work of public improvement for this city, some attention 
will be given to outside objects. 

Along this line it may be stated that the League was 
the first organization, after the death of the late Eliza- 
beth Cady Stanton, to indite some lines appropriate to 
her memory. Furthermore, the League has made formal 
application to the proper authorities for a place in the 
Hall of Fame, to be filled by the name of Mrs. Elizabeth 
Cady Stanton. 

While this may be difficult of accomplishment the 

League intends to make a determined effort to see that 

justice is done in perpetuating the memory of one of 

America's greatest women. Mrs. Lovell White, Pres, 

Mary Cheney Clark, Press Correspondent. 

Forum Club 

At a recent meeting of the Forum Club on Current 
Topic day, a delightful program was rendered. Mrs. 
Charles A. Morgan presided. Mrs. S. B. Cheek gave an 
interesting address upon "The Habits and Customs of the 
Siamese People." Mrs. Helene Stone Bishope gave a re- 
cital of Browning's " Herve Riel," which was received with 
enthusiasm. Mrs. Bishope has a most expressive face and 
is a fine elocutionist. After the program, an informal 
reception was held, during which, refreshments were 
served. Another Current Topic day was held February 
1 8th, when an excellent musical program was given by 
Mrs. Harris, Misses Anita and Addie Ferguson, Miss 
Lillian Sullivan, Miss Bessie Gower, Miss Jessie Anderson, 
Mrs. Ashley and Miss Charlotte Dorr. Shakespearean 
readings by John Stevens and a social tea concluded thfi 
afternoon. 



5] 



Cfu6 



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644 Sutter Street 

Near F*owell 

F*tione, James 170S 



r ■//■ l/" r\* D Graduate and Pupil Teacher of Cooper Union, New 

Ltllte y. U Kyan Yot\l. Miniature Lessons from Life and Print. 

Painter of JANICE MEREDITH 

The Studio : Room 5, 424 Pine Street, San Francisco 

DR. OSCAR L. GRUGGEL, Chiropodist 

Removed to Mutual Savings Bank Bldg. 
Hours: 9 to 5:30 San Franciico. Telephone Black 3733 

A. GADNER ^ ?iiii&i°JLS 

VIENNA LADIES' AND MERCHANT TAILOR 



Bet. Pine ind California 



20I 2 Fillmore Street 



SAN FRANCISCO 



Floral Society 

The California State Floral Society held its regular 
monthly meeting at Central Hall, 223 Sutter Street, on 
Friday, February 13th. Mrs. L. O. Hodgkins, First Vice- 
President, in the chair, in the absence of President Smith. 
The society endorsed and approved of the work of Cal- 
ifornia Outdoor Art League in regard to planting poppies 
on the reservoirs, etc. President Hodgkins suggested that 
people gathering wild flowers should leave the roots and 
stated that twenty years ago nearly two dozen varieties of 
wild flowers could be picked within the radius of one's 
reach in San Mateo County, and if some means is not taken 
to protect them the beautiful wild flowers of California 
will soon be extinct in many locations. Mrs. Hodgkins 
advocated the plan of sowing seeds of wild flowers in 
vacant places. 

Mrs. Hodgkins read a paper on Rose Culture pre- 
pared by Peter Thiesen, of Golden Gate, California, which 
brought forth a most interesting discussion on rose grow- 
ing. 





... THE ... 

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432 

Sutter 
Street 



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VISITORS CORDIALLY INVITED 
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57a SUTTER STREET San Francisco, Cal. 



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Telephone Red 41J 

Post Street, above Grant Ave, 

Francisco 



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All kinds oi Antiques. Silver Ware, Bronze, Porcelain, Old Embroidery, 
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Old Silver and Enamel 
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Direct Importers of Chinese and Japanese Fancy Goods. All Varieties 
of Sillcs and Grass Cloth, and Every Kind of Choice Oriental Curios 

640 Sacramento St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephona China 171 

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Importers, H^hoUsaU and Retail Dealers in 

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Embroidered Stlk Goodi, Shawls, Screens and Dreutng 
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Between California and Sacramento SAN FRANCISCO 



[6 




The Papyrus Club held its 
regular meeting at tiie clubrooms, Utopia 
Hall, Central Block, on Thursday, February 
12, 1903. 

At the business meeting it was decided 
to call a special meeting at the club rooms 
on Friday, the 20th inst., at 2 p. M., as there 
was a large amount of business to be trans- 
acted which could not receive the attention 
necessary and still carry out the program 
planned for the afternoon. 

On Thursday, March 19th, the anni- 
versary of the club's organization, the members propose 
to have a " gentlemen's night " and entertain their male 
guests at a " Dutch supper." 

Immediately after Lent they will give a theatrical 
entertainment for which rehearsals have already begun. 
The program for same as planned is especially attractive 
and promises to be one of the most unique affairs ever 
given in the city. 

The meeting was In the nature of Social Day and the 
club entertained almost a hundred ladies. 

The excellent program so capably rendered was se- 
lected and arranged by Mrs. W. P. Buckingham. 

After serving a varied assortment of delicious re- 
freshments, the meeting closed, receiving the unanimous 
verdict of all that it had been the most delightful after- 
noon in the club's history. 

Louise Battles Cooper, Secretary. 

Sempervirens Club 

The Sempervirens Club of California is able to report 
constant progress and a growing Interest in its work. 

As has perhaps been already stated In these columns, 
this club has re-organized upon a permanent working 
basis. Its objects being to promote the interests and devel- 
opment of the Sempervirens Park in whatever manner 
may He within the province of such an organization, to 
encourage the advancement of scientific forestry in Cali- 
fornia, and to assist when necessary in the preservation 
of other groves of Sequoia — both sempervirens and gi- 
gantea — and other natural wonders with which our State 
is so lavishly endowed. 

The underlying plan of our organization Is to stimu- 
late an interest in this good work In every county In the 
State, and more particularly those in which are located for- 
ests. This is done by the appointment by the parent club in 
San Francisco of a District Vice-President in each county 
whose duty is to encourage the formation of branch clubs 
in his district, to represent the State organization through- 
out his section, to get new members, and to disseminate 
forestry Information. 

Already five counties, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, San 
Mateo, Los Angeles and Alameda, and many of them 
with more than one branch club, have organized under 
this plan. Our latest report is of the formation of an en- 
thusiastic branch in Boulder Creek, with forty charter 
members. 

As California cannot be too proud of her Sequoia — 
and as many Californlans know but little about them — 
perhaps It may not be amiss to quote here the following 
facts taken from the Report on Forestry of the United 
States Department of Agriculture, 1900: 

" Before the glacial period the genus of big trees 
called Sequoia flourished widely in the temperate zones 
of three continents. There were many species, and Europe, 
Asia, and America had each Its share. But when the ice- 
fields moved down out of the north the luxuriant vegeta- 
tion of the age declined, and with It these multitudes of 



trees. One after another the different kinds gave way, ^Ptij 
their remains became buried, and when the ice receded ^ ,^ 
just two species, the Big Tree and the Redwood survived. ^tfC 
Both grew In California, each separate from the other, 
and each occupying, in comparison with Its former terri- 
tory, a mere island of space. As we know them now, the 
Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) lives only in a narrow 
strip of the coast ranges 10 to 30 miles wide, extending 
from just within the southern border of Oregon to the bay 
of Monterey, while the Big Tree (Sequoia washlngtoni- 
ana) is found only in small groves scattered along the 
west slope of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, from the 
middle fork of the American River to the head of Deer 
Creek, a distance of 260 miles. The utmost search re- 
veals but ten main groups, and the total number of siz- 
able trees In these groups must be limited to figures In the 
thousands. It Is, moreover, the plain truth that all the 
specimens which are remarkable for their size do not ex- 
ceed 500. 

" The Big Trees are unique In the world — the grand- 
est, the largest, the oldest, the most majestically graceful of 
trees — and if It were not enough to be all this, they are 
among the scarcest of tree species and have the extreme 
scientific value of being the best living representatives of a 
former geologic age. It is a tree which has come down to 
us through the vicissitudes of many centuries solely because 
of its superb qualifications. Its bark Is often two feet 
thick and almost non-combustible. The oldest specimens 
felled are still sound at heart, and fungus is an enemy 
unknown to It. Yet with all these means of maintenance 
the Big Trees have apparently not increased their range 
since the glacial epoch. They have only just managed to 
hold their own on the little strip of country where the 
climate is locally favorable." 

And these are the trees that the Sempervirens Club 
devotes Its energies to save. They are rapidly disappear- 
ing by the woodman's axe. To give a final quotation 
from the Forestry Report, " * * * the majority of the 
Big Trees of California, certainly the best of them, are 
owned by people who have every right, and In many cases 
every intention, to cut them into lumber." 

It may be argued that the government has commenced 
to care for Its forests. From an article on " Forestry," In 
the California Club JVoman, San Diego, Nov., 1900, by 
Mrs. S. S. Fox, I glean the following facts In regard to 
this matter: " It appears that the portions of the national 
domain in the western mountains of America set apart 
as forest reserves, or for their scenic interest can be classed 
under two heads: 

" 1st. The national parks not only withdrawn from 
sale, and entry, but under the protection of the army of 
the United States. 

" 2d. The forest reservations withdrawn from sale 
and entry, but under no more protection from fire, timber 
thieves, and sheep herders than are the non-reserved 
lands." 

There are over four millions of acres In the great 
Sierra forest reservation, and It Is to the preservation of it 
and of similar tracts that the energies of our Sempervirens 
Club are to be directed. " Let us then be up and doing! " 

This club Is one of the few working along these lines 
In which men and women are equally interested. 

All clubwomen are urged to join the Sempervirens 
Club and to aid In this work. Membership dues are $1.00 
a year, payable from January ist of each year. 

Agnes Lowry, Cor. Sec. 

Corona Club 

The Corona Club had an unusual treat Thursday, 
Feb. 1 2th, In a talk on " Emerson," by Mr. Chas. J. Wood- 



7] 



bury, of Oakland, who knew him personally. Mr. Wood- 
bury spoke of Emerson as a man, a teacher, a writer. He 
spoke of his habit of giving his sentences an upward in- 
flection, interjecting remarks, giving side-lights on the sub- 
ject, never marshalling his facts like a solid phalanx. He 
was such an impersonal man, you felt as if in the presence 
of Thought itself. He took the most abstract subjects 
and gave not the ratiocinative steps, but the results, clean 
cut, the essence itself. Carlyle said his sentences were like 
a bag of thought, perfect, spherical, not cohering in any 
way with the lyrical style of his writing. His whole 
object was to inspire thought, to start the wheels of motion. 
In personal contact he was a charming, kindly spirit. He 
said transubstantiation is not a commodity, not a thing 
you can put your hand on; it is a transcending above and 
beyond all media in our approaching the infinite. Emer- 
son's utterances were so daring that on his Western tours 
his audiences often filed out leaving almost empty houses. 
The other numbers were " Reform in the Public 
Schools," by Dr. Watson, " Margaret Fuller," by Mrs. 
E. L. Peltret, " The Social Forces that Influenced Litera- 
ture from 1 850-1 880," by Dr. T. Janes, and " Emerson's 
Place in Literature," by Mrs. N. M. Martin, Miss Weston 
rendering vocal numbers and Miss Anna Jessup giving 
reading. Jennie Partridge, Historian. 

Contemporary Club 

February was most pleasantly marked for the Con- 
temporary Club by Miss Katherine Ball who talked In her 
own charming way on "Art Museums," dealing with the 
subject from an educational standpoint. 

She mentioned the splendid beginning of San Fran- 
cisco's Memorial Museum, and the opportunity of collect- 
ing rare bits of Oriental art that is slipping by unnoticed. 
She urged the necessity of a fund for the purpose of 
placing in our museum these treasures that in a few years 
will have been picked up by other collectors. Particular 
mention was made of the old Chinese glazes and Japanese 
prints. 

She urged clubwomen to work toward placing this 
museum on a par with those in Eastern cities, where the 
workers along a given line may go, and free of charge, 
study his particular work from its inception up to its 
present state of perfection. 

On February 23d Gertrude Atherton's latest work, 
"The Conquerer," was reviewed by Mrs. J. W. Orr. 

A.ssociation Pioneer Women of California 

Sixty members met at the 
regular monthly meeting Feb- 
ruary 6th, a goodly showing for 
a winter day. 

After the usual business, 
Mr. Warren B. Ewer was intro- 
duced and he In turn presented 
Mrs. Nellie Blessing Eyster who 
read for him his Interesting 
paper. 

In his subject, " The Evolu- 
tion of Woman's Progress," he followed woman from the 
discovery of silk by the Empress of China, In 2046 B. C, 
down to the formation of the Bunker Hill Society and the 
Mount Vernon Society, the first two national women's 
organizations, and then on to the present achievements of 
women. It Is wonderful how active his brain still is to be 
able to remember and to write so ably. Mr. Ewer will be 
ninety years of age in April. 

Fifty years ago eight pioneer women came to Cal- 
ifornia — Mrs. Rose Reynolds Boyd, Mrs. Lucy Attwood 
Eells, Mrs. Angellne Griffin Gardner, Mrs. Margaret 
Murray Hendry, Mrs. Emma Tandlcr Kogwinsky, Mrs. 




ORGANIZED 1900 



Sarah Clinton Richardson, Mrs. Phoebe Gage Shattock, 
Mrs. Louise Rauschert Stevens — and to celebrate the event 
gave a jubilee reception to their fellow members on the 
afternoon of Washington's birthday. Through the kind 
efforts of the energetic secretary, Mrs. Louise Shepheard 
Chase, the event was a grand success. 

The Pioneer Women mourn the loss of three of their 
members within three weeks, by the passing away of Mrs. 
Cochran, Sausallto, January 20th; Mrs. Morris, of this 
city, February 2d, and Mrs. Scholl, Oakland, February 6th. 
Mrs. Cochran and Mrs. Scholl were charter members. 

Woman's A.uxiliary California Pioneers 

Miss Mabel Adams Ayer made a charming young 
hostess, in place of Mrs. John H. Jewett, who was absent 
through illness, at the second grand celebration of Mexico's 
ceding of California to the United States, given by the 
Woman's Auxiliary of the California Pioneers, February 
7th. The rainy evening was regretable but did not deter the 1 
Invited guests from coming and enjoying the program which 
was excellent, the beautiful decorations, the banquet (by 
Ludwig) , and dancing. The guests were received by Mrs. 
John F. Swift, Mrs. S. W. Holladay, Mrs. James Neall, 
Mrs. John Neall, Mrs. John Bidwell, Mrs. G. J. Bucknall, 
Mrs. John M. Burnett and Miss M. Lowry. The ladies 
assisting in the tearoom were: Miss Mabel Adams Ayer, 
Mrs. Fernando Pfingst, Mrs. M. Ray Norrls, Miss de 
Forest, Miss McMullin, Miss Dean, Miss Agnes Lowry, 
Miss M. Burnett, Miss Anne O'Callaghan, Miss Frances 
Harris, Miss Claudine Cotton, Miss Nettie Sexton, Miss 
Lurlnia Glessing, Miss Abble Edwards, Miss Elizabeth 
Edwards, Miss Grace Fern, Miss Jean Pedlar, Miss Mabel 
Freeman, Miss Virginia Dare, Miss Helen de Young and 
Miss Eva Madden. 

Collecting Historical Data 

Mrs. Noble Martin, the founder of the Pioneer 
Women's Association, is carrying on the work of gathering 
historical data and has received some inportant contribu- 
tions from Pioneers all over the State. 

Among them is a copy of the first number of the New 
York Evening Post sent to her by a lady in Santa Clara 
County. It bears date of November 16, 1801. We 
quote from an article by " Hercules, who still desires as 
much as ever to rid the land of monsters." " Some of the 
shocking articles in the papers raise simple, and very simple 
wonder, some terror, and some horror and disgust. Now 
what instruction Is there in these endless wonders? Who 
is happier or wiser for reading them? On the contrary 
do they not shock tender minds and addle shallow brains? 
They make a thousand old maids and eight or ten booby 
boys afraid to go to bed alone . . . Strange events 
are but facts, and as such should have but cursory men- 
tion." The editor, William Coleman, In his salutatory 
says that while he hopes that he may not be driven to the 
alternative of abandoning the business or being accessory 
to this degradation of national character, he also indulges 
the hope that citizens who prefer morality to vice, truth 
to scurrility, will not, on that account, find it necessary to 
withdraw or to withhold their patronage. 

Another manuscript that has come to Mrs. Martin 
is the dramatic history of a well-known pioneer woman 
whose first home in this State was a tent on the corner that 
is now Fremont and Mission Streets. With a keen busi- 
ness sense she acquired property in various places about the 
bay, notably the section that is now Post Street and Grant 
Avenue. More than fifty years have passed since this 
woman landed In San Francisco (many of them having 
been passed In widowhood). Yet at a time when women 
were considered incapable of business, she quietly went 
ahead and proved that some, at least, were. 



[8 



California International SunsKine Society 

President-General, Mrs. Cynthia Westover Aldcn, 96 Fiftli Ave., New York City. State President, Miss Mabel Adams Ayer, 1611 Clay Street, San Francisco. 

State Treasurer, Mrs. George W. Cuwcll, 1911 Sacramento Street, San Francisco. 



m 




Greayer, Mrs. 
nail, Mrs. A. 



While the Sunshine Society Is slowly 
but surely growing in power, it has out- 
grown the immediate supervision of one 
person, and now an Advisory State Board 
has been formed. The members of the 
board are, Mrs. John F. Merrill, Honorary 
President; Mrs. Josephine Morris de 
Robert J. Burdette, Mrs. G. J. Buck- 
G. Booth, Mrs. John H. Jewett, Mrs. 
Washington Ayer, Mrs. Ella M. Sexton, Mrs. Isidore 
Burns, Mrs. John W. Ruggles, Mrs. Joseph Marks, Miss 
May Morton, Judge R. B. Carpenter, Judge T. B. 
McFarland, Dr. S. J. Harrison, W. A. Worthington, 
Southern Pacific Co., Mrs. Florence Collins Porter, Los 
Angeles Herald, Editor Escondido Advocate, Editor Es- 
condido Times, Mrs. William H. Avery, Mrs. A. E. 
Pratt, and R. H. Ingram, Southern Pacific Co., Los An- 
geles. Other important names will be added later. 

Mrs. Robert J. Burdette, although traveling in the 
East, has accepted office on the Advisory Board, and recent 
greetings to the society with the assurance of her active in- 
terest were received with pleasure. 

Now that the Sunshine Society is being recognized 
as a generous philanthropy, gifts of money are often con- 
tributed, and each giver seems to have some particularly 
happy way In the manner of giving. The most recent 
contribution came in the form of a valentine from one of 
the State Board, and members particularly appreciate this 
encouragement which by some happy intuition was re- 
ceived just at the right time. 

The principal interest of the past month has been 
centered in the Mothers' Tribute Fund, of which Mrs. 
Merrill is the chairman. It is not the large sums alone 
which count, but the many small contributions which 
mount up in the aggregate, and Sunshine members have 
added their mite to one of the best works of the country, 
the Young Men's Christian Association. 

Quoting from Mrs. Merrill's letter to the women of 
California: " Without question the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association is one of the greatest philanthropies of 
our times. Influential women the country over are lending 
their Influence and giving substantial aid to the futherance 
of this splendid work. Miss Helen Gould, of New York, 
has built four Association buildings out of her private 
funds, costing in the aggregate over $600,000.00. The 
women of New York are also leading a movement similar 
to the one we are inaugurating. Shall San Francisco and 
California be behind in generously contributing to the 
Mothers' Tribute — woman's tribute, be she mother or maid 
— to make the Jubilee Year, 1903, one long to be remem- 
bered In the annals of the Association, which will reach its 
fiftieth anniversary in March next? Let us give enthusi- 
astically and invite our neighbor to do likewise, for this 
is purely an appeal to the women of our city and State, 
and Is entirely independent of any other gifts which have 
been made to the Association. It would be, indeed, a pub- 
lic calamity If the Association should fail to secure the 
balance of the money needed, and this can only be accom- 
plished by every one helping to some extent. Let us re- 
member that our young men and boys are California's 
greatest assets; their welfare is our prosperity and their 
integrity our civic worth." 

Address all communications to Mrs. John F. Mer- 
rill, Chairman Mothers' Tribute Fund, 208 Mason St., 
San Francisco, Cal. 

At the last meeting of the Alden Club five dollars 
was voted toward the Mothers' Tribute Fund. The club 



Is also caring for two invalids and the regular work of 
visiting, reading to Invalids, distributing books, papers, 
clothing and other articles keeps each member busy. 

Escondido reports always come regularly and mem- 
bers are never idle. Two air cushions were bought for an 
Invalid who Is a great sufferer, also a complete outfit of 
bedding and clothing. 

Members have cared for those in need of clothing 
and other necessities, and are ever watchful for the com- 
fort of those lacking in substantial " good cheer." 

The young girls of the " Faith, Hope and Charity" 
Club, of Waddington, recently gave a tea, and from 
this pleasant entertainment was realized a sum for their 
treasury. This will enable them to enlarge their helpful 
work In a practical way. 

From the University Mound Club Old Ladies' 
Home, we might learn more than one lesson. The Presi- 
dent writes: "One member gave money to buy a dress 
for a motherless little girl, another made the dress, and 
another member made the button holes. One member 
did some mending for an inmate who could not use her 
hands. One gave her services so one of the helpers could 
visit a sick friend, and each member carried sunshine in 
some form during the month." 

Miss Louise Guber, President of the Rose Leaf Club 
of Santa Barbara, tells of a little experience showing the 
pleasure given by a simple act. " You wish my happiest 
Sunshine experience? Well really, I hardly know where 
to begin, but upon one occasion — a gloomy, rainy day — 
I took my little charge and went on the car to visit one of 
our invalids. 

"Wallace (five years old) carried a little tin horse 
and cart in his hand, and as we stepped off the car several 
poor, ragged Mexican boys gathered around lost in ad- 
miration of the toy. 

"'Where'd you get that?' 'How much did it 
cost?' 'Ain't it purty!' were the questions and exclama- 
tions in rapid succession. I said to Wallace, there Is your 
chance to do a little Sunshine work for today. Don't you 
want to give your toy to the poor little boys? 

" He immediately handed it over to them, and an 
hour later as we started for home in the rain we saw the 
three boys running up and down the sidewalk, pulling the 
toy by a long string, and all as happy as kings. The toy 
cost five cents I " 

One of the busiest Sunshlners is Mrs. Kate Bryant, 
of Oakland. Many small gifts she has made personally 
and sent to the State officers for distribution. Gifts have 
also been received from a member in Bakersfield, Miss 
Mary W. Buss. Miss Buss has made over one hundred 
and fifty dainty covers for medicine glasses, and all have 
been distributed where they were needed. 

To the Sunshine Society of Bishop, we are indebted 
for several contributions of pretty silk pieces, which are 
always welcome. At the election of officers just held, Mrs. 
Ira M. Aldrlch was chosen President, the retiring Presi- 
dent being Mrs. Drake Bishop. 

Now that Club Life, the official organ for Cali- 
fornia Sunshine, has also been chosen for the official organ 
of the Federated Clubs of California, we anticipate many 
pleasant additions In membership. There Is a field for 
this work which cannot fail to Interest all who understand 
the motive. 

In addition to Club Life, California papers giving 
regular space to the work are. The Evening Post, San 
Francisco, Los Angeles Herald, Escondido Times and 
Escondido Advocate. 



9] 



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500RP/\RrAPRiCOTS 






TKe Tuesday Club enjoyed a very interesting 
afternoon Feb. 17th. Miss McConnell, a delegate to the 
recent State Federation at Fresno, gave an interesting 
account of the large amount of work accomplished during 
the three days' session. After the business of the day was 
transacted Mrs. Mabel Clare Craft Deering was intro- 
duced. She gave a splendid argument in favor of institu- 
tions where both sexes are admitted. "Why is it," she 
asked, " that boys and girls who have presumably women 
teachers throughout the lesser grades in school life, find, 
upon entering college no such condition? Rarely, if ever, 
is a woman found among the faculty of a co-educational 
institution. Why is it there are no women teachers on the 
governing boards of these colleges? Is it because the 
woman's mind is the weaker, and unable to cope with the 
manifold tribulations arising therefrom? No." Mrs. 
Deering's paper maintained it is because women are not 
accorded the front rank in the higher education of the 
individual, simply on account of her sex. Gradually, how- 
ever, this feeling will be eradicated from the minds of the 
oppressing ones, and all colleges will open wide their doors 
and heartily embrace co-education. A paper, " The Gem 
of the Federation at Fresno," was read by Mrs. J. B. 
Hume, of the Ebell Society, of Oakland. The subject, 
"The Bible as Literature." 



Saturday dub The most brilliant affair of 
the Saturday Club's season was the song recital of 
Zelie de Lussan on February iith. Sacramento's 
representative people were present en masse and 
more than three hundred non-resident guests were 
entertained. The lecture song recital, " Evolution 
of the English Ballad," by the Saturday Club on February 
14th was strikingly artistic even for this ingenious coterie 
of artists. 

THE SONG TOO MANY SING. 

Oh, how to get a living with the least amount of work! 

All labour I've a talent fine for shirking; 
Who'd be toiling every day to enable them to stay 

In a world that's just a constant round of working ? 

Oh, the busy little bee really cuts no ice with me. 
And with loafing hard work really isn't in it. 

And I think it better far to rest easy where you are. 
Than to peg away at something every minute. 

Early rising may be fine but it isn't in my line. 

My constitution needs a lot of slumber; 
As for beauties of the dawn and delights of early morn — 

Well, the middle of the day has quite a number. 

I'm gentle and I'm kind and to jollity inclined. 

Industrious folk I find are often surly; 
Steady work would disagree with a pleasant chap like me. 

That's the trouble with the worm — it's out too early. 

Tomorrow is today, when today has slipped away. 

So what's the killing need of such a flurry ? 
You lose a lot of fun if you take life on the run. 

And you hurt your health by being in a hurry. 

So I guess I'll hump along and keep up my little song. 
There's provision for the lame and for the lazy; 

And those who love to toil at the trades of tilling soil 
At looking on will find me just a daisy. 

Augusta Raymond Kidder. 



[10 



Library Department 



Madam President, Members of the California Fed- 
eration, Friends: 

I have the honor of presenting to you the first report 
of the Committee on Libraries and Portfohos. 

Within the past half dozen years the lamentable 
lack of library advantages in this State has been a ques- 
tion of vital concern to her public-spirited women. 

Two facts only need be stated here in explanation of 
this solicitude. First, the steady growth of our fine sys- 
tem of public schools, where full development requires the 
aid of a liberal, systematic provision for free public libra- 
ries. Secondly, the knowledge that in this great State of 
California so important in her relations with the great 
family of States through her increasingly intimate con- 
nection with Eastern nations, there is little provision for 
the 350,000 children who are compelled to leave school 
before reaching twelve years, and scant resource provided 
to teach citizenship to the alien within her borders, or to 
give a happier life to hundreds of isolated homes. 

The history of the library movement in many States, 
notably in Wisconsin, Iowa, Nebraska and Idaho, shows 
how much work has been accomplished by women's clubs. 
The Nebraska Federation secured the bill for travel- 
ing libraries in that State. In Wisconsin women's clubs 
largely organized and maintained her public libraries. 
The Colombian Club, of Boise City, Idaho, began and 
carried on this work until they had fourteen libraries in 
circulation, and then secured the bill for traveling libra- 
ries. This work is now carried on by the State with fifty- 
four loan libraries. 

The successful experiences in library extension of 
clubwomen elsewhere, naturally encouraged their Cali- 
fornia sisters to adopt these methods as a possible solution 
of their library difficulties. 

The credit of having begun this work is due Mrs. 
Lovell White, the founder of the CaUfornia Club. Hav- 
ing established a library section in this club, Mrs. White 
suggested the work to the convention which met in Los 
Angeles, January 15, 1900, for the purpose of organizing 
the California Federation of Women's Clubs. 

The suggestion was adopted with great spirit by the 
Los Angeles District of Federated Clubs, and the work 
systematically organized. 

In January, 1900, the California Club sent out the 
Jane Dunn Memorial Library of fifty volumes. Four libra- 
ries quickly followed. 

Besides keeping these in constant circulation, this 
\ club has maintained a little bureau of general library in- 
formation, collecting and distributing anything of interest 
on the subject. 

Until a year ago last fall, the traveling library work 

done by the California Clubwomen may be said to have 

had but one purpose — to send some healthful instruction 

and stimulus to the isolated homes in our great common- 

11 wealth. 

' It was fervently hoped that this beneficent enterprise 

would grow beyond our small endeavors — as elsewhere it 
had so succeeded — and that the State would adopt our 
work, and extend it thereafter as her own. 

Then we learned that through the untiring efforts of 
the League of California Municipahties, one of the best 
library laws in the United States was passed at the last 
session of the Legislature. 

Since then it has been on our conscience to make the 
law widely known, and its provisions thoroughly under- 
stood. 

H Happily at this juncture the Executive Board of the 

California Federation adopted the work of library exten- 



sion, and appointed a Committee on Libraries and Port- 
fohos. 

The first work of this committee was to publish the 
new general library law of California, with a list of the 
incorporated cities and towns entitled to its provisions. 
These were distributed to the clubs, who were urged to 
begin agitation everywhere for the free public library. 

The work accomplished since March, 1902, by the 
State Committee is reported as follows: 

Mrs. M. M. Oliver, Vice-Chairman of the Northern 
District, writes: " Placerville has five libraries in circula- 
tion. The clubs of Sacramento have sent out three libra- 
ries and have a fourth in course of preparation. Chico 
and Placerville are each working for a free library. The 
former has a reading-room and a library of 1,500 volumes, 
which the city has at last agreed to suitably house and 
enlarge. The Kingsley Art Club, of Sacramento, has 
lately added to the traveling library over 300 pictures. 
Part of these are mounted and placed in portfolios, and 
others are bound in book form." 

Mrs. C. B. Breck, Vice-Chairman, Alameda District, 
writes: "The Town and Gown, and the Cricket Clubs, 
of Berkeley, have each contributed a hbrary of 75 volumes. 
The Oakland, and New Century Club of Oakland, are 
each collecting a library. The Adelphian Club, of Ala- 
meda, has sent out one of 75 volumes, and has another 
nearly ready. The Criterion Club, also of Alameda, will 
have one ready in a few weeks." 

Mrs. O. C. Conly, Vice-Chairman San Joaquin Val- 
ley District, reports as follows: 

"The Woman's Club, of Bakersfield, has sent a 
library to Randesburg, and has another ready to be boxed 
for shipment. The Woman's Club, of Kern, assisted the 
Bakersfield Club with their first collection, and now have 
one of their own ready for shipment." 

Mrs. S. C. Evans, Vice-Chairman San Diego Dis- 
trict, writes: " The work in Riverside County is very en- 
couraging, the clubwomen are interested, and have made 
generous donations of books and periodicals. One club- 
member, Mrs. Carroll, furnished the case sent out by the 
Extemporaneous Drill Club. The Woman's Club, of 
Riverside, has contributed one library, and the Wednesday 
Club, of San Diego, has sent out four." 

Mrs. O. V. Sessions, Vice-Chairman of the Los An- 
geles District, thus reports the work of her committee : 

" The Ebell Club, of Los Angeles, has five libraries 
in circulation. The Ruskin Art Club and the Wednesday 
Morning Club, both of Los Angeles, each, one. Wednes- 
day Afternoon Club, Alhambra, one. Current Topics 
Club, Pasadena, two. Friday Morning Club, Los Ange- 
les, three libraries, including one for children. The books 
for this club were selected and purchased by a good com- 
mittee, and the bill paid by the club. The Ebell will pur- 
chase a new case for Redondo or Lompoc. Santa Barbara 
Club has agreed to undertake library work this year. We 
have several portfolios in circulation." 

In the San Francisco District, the California Club 
maintains six libraries, the Contemporary two, the Cosmos 
Club one, and the Corona Club one. 

The Calistoga Free Library is the outgrowth of inter- 
est created by a traveling library sent last June from the 
California Club. 

Briefly summarized, the Cahfomia Federation has 
forty-one traveling libraries in circulation, as against twen- 
ty-four libraries previously maintained by women's clubs. 

With such a cheerful showing as this, may we not feel 
that the library efforts of California clubwomen have 
passed beyond the experimental stage? 



ceu6 

m 



«t] 



Slight mention has been made of the unfinished busi- 
ness of the committee, the hbraries in course of prepara- 
tion, and the correspondence begun with new communities 
which are certainly a part of the committee's assets. 
Time forbids me the gratification of reading the many 
letters of thanks which have been received during the past 
year from library boards, literary associations and iso- 
lated communities. 

This brief presentment accents the truth that 
" strength united is stronger," and emphasizes the value 
of organization. 

Since the State Committee was appointed, the num- 
ber of traveling libraries has nearly doubled, showing a 
more general appreciation of their benefits in the State, 
and a deeper interest in the work among the clubwomen. 

Furthermore, this work has been more effective in 
those districts where it has been aided by a central com- 
mittee. 

The experience of the past year has taught us the 
value of such a committee. It gives the vice-chairman an 
intimate practical knowledge of her district, and brings the 
clubs in close relations to the needs and satisfactions of 
this beautiful work. 

There are many towns in our six districts free from 
debt, the centers of important interests and activities which 
could, did they but know it, realize a handsome income 
from their library tax. 

There are small incorporated towns now maintain- 
ing a struggling W. C. T. U. reading room, or a book 
club, where the annual library tax, to which they are en- 
titled, would be a most helpful addition to their budget. 

The library movement in California received yet 
another strong impulse during the present year, in the 
addition of a school of library science to the summer ses- 
sions of the University of California. This six weeks' 
course of technical training was the first one ever offered 
to the librarians of the Pacific Coast, and it was eagerly 
accepted by the full number of students desired — twenty- 
three persons. 

Librarianship is a comparatively new and therefore 
uncrowded profession for young women. 

It would be impossible to overstate the benefit that 
would accrue to the free library movement in this State, 
if trained librarians were available. During the next few 
years many free libraries will be established in California. 
It cannot be expected that all can afford trained librarians. 
They could afford, however, to employ an expert librarian 
for a few days or weeks at a time, once or twice a year, 
to buy, catalogue and classify their books. Even the small- 
est library thus carefully begun and systematically en- 
larged would give more instruction and pleasure than the 
usual haphazard and ill-balanced collection. Such a library 
also would sooner be able to afford the constant services 
of a good librarian. 

It was anticipated that the final gain of our library 
year would be the creation of a State library commission. 

It was, therefore, a great disappointment to learn 
a few weeks ago that the League of California Municipal- 
ities deemed it unwise to attempt to pass their Library 
Commission Act at this session of the Legislature. 

Such a commission would be an invaluable aid, not 
only to the cause of free library extension, but indirectly 
to every agency for the social betterment of California. 

We are confident that time will bring us State aid in 
some form or other. 

Until then, this committee will cheerfully continue 
its twofold labors, that of aiding to plant the free public 
library, and through the agency of good traveling libra- 
ries endeavor to alleviate the intellectual isolation of 
scattered homes. 

As in the past, no other organization has accom- 



plished so much for the library movement in California 
as her women's clubs, and no association is, at present, so 
committed to the conduct of this work as the California 
Federation; it follows that the sooner we create a 
warm general interest in library extension, the quicker and 
more emphatic will be the demand for State aid. 

In this connection, Mr. Hutchins' thought to women's 
clubs is pertinent, " Plan a study club and in a few years 
you get a public library, plan a library and in a few years 
you get fine study clubs." 

But whatever the impulse which creates the club, 
whether for the study of the child, or California history, 
to teach household economics, to aid the Consumers' 
League, or the free library cause, as the club grows it suc- 
cessively undertakes every activity adopted by the Federa- 
tion, and its individual success and achievement are added 
to the common heritage. 

Broadly speaking, this alliance of clubs has for its 
ultimate object " the nobler good " of California, and its 
vital impulse is found in that strong love and pride of 
State which has become known as the " California spirit." 
It is this spirit which dignifies and ennobles our Federation 
work, and strengthens us in the exercise of whatever gifts 
have fallen to our lot. 

Finally, in this spirit of personal affection and devo- 
tion we watch the steady progress of our State. 

Truly, " our hearts, our hopes are all with thee; 

Our hearts, our hopes, our prayers, our tears, 

Our faith triumphant o'er our fears. 

Are all with thee, are all with thee." 
Respectfully submitted, 

SusANNE R. Patch. 

The reports of the Vice-Chairmen of the Alameda, Northern and San 
Joaquin Valley Districts were condensed because previously published in 
Club Life. 

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The Decrease of the DirtK Rate in the 
United States— What Does It Mean? 

A cry of alarm has been sounded throughout the land 
by a government statistician, who announces that the pros- 
perity of the American nation is menaced by the steadily 
diminishing birth rate. That it is diminishing is proven 
by stubborn figures. Now, let us examine briefly into this 
most vital matter from two view-points: that of the good 
of the nation (since the government expert takes that 
view) , and that of the good of the individual (which really 
resolves itself into the first, since the nation is nothing but 
an aggregation of individuals). 

Is it quantity of people or is it quality of people that 
makes for the good of the nation? Time was when such a 
question would involve the sanity of the questioner, but 
as conditions of life change, so also must our thoughts and 
our beliefs. Time was when hordes of men, animal-ma- 
chines, went into conflict with other hordes of men, each 
eager to exterminate the other for political supremacy, and 
usually the larger horde won; here was victory the result 
of the cumulative strength of large numbers, and greatest 
and strongest was the nation that at the sound of her bugles 
would summon the largest array of men. But that was the 
era of universal and primitive warfare — in the days of 
swords, spears and halberds. Besides, whatever the out- 
come it was necessary to " have some more at home " for 
other military emergencies, and for the management of 
domestic affairs; meanwhile the prolific mothers at home 
were busy replenishing the ranks of the fallen fighters. 
We presume these mothers inadvertently presented girls to 
their nations, but these were valuable chiefly as future 
mothers of sons and soldiers. In those days we cannot 
doubt that quantity made for national greatness, but those 
days have slipped away from us — those days when physi- 
cal force alone ruled the world. Today mental and moral 
forces wield greater influence over the affairs of civilized 
nations; this is an age of a dual relationship — brains and 
brawn, and we must look to the very best methods of evolv- 
ing these attributes if we would best serve the nation, or 
serve the individual. 

Under existing conditions as they obtain today, es- 
pecially in cities, a legitimate limitation of offspring be- 
comes a necessity if the best results physically, mentally 
and morally are to be obtained in our children. I am fully 
conscious that this statement is a broad one and may en- 
counter adverse criticism, but to those who meet it with 
scorn and condemnation I beg that they observe the term 
"legitimate limitation." It is here that the argument 
becomes vicious or virtuous. 

Strange as it may seem, a woman may bear two chil- 
dren in one year, which is no unusual case among the poor 
and illiterate. Now, in what physical or mental condition 
is that woman to give shape to a small soul and body when 
her tiny babe is drawing from her breast its nourishment. 
And the poor mother, what of her? In what state 
of weariness of body and soul, of nervousness from sleep- 
less nights, of exhaustion from nourishing two little beings 
must she dwell ! Here is where legitimate limitation should 
become moral obligation; but here it manifests itself in 
another phase. Granted that it is fit that a human being 
should bear offspring more often than a well-cared-for 
mare, what is the result after the little souls have come into 
the world? Eliminating the disastrous effects of pre-natal 
poison due to the mother's unhappy state, the later condi- 
tions that surround the bunch of babes are scarcely better. 
What chance is there for the individual training of little 
traits of character that will individualize the man, the 
elimination of unhappy hereditary tendencies or the up- 
building of that human fabric which we call " character? " 
Moreover what time has the overwrought mother to devote 



to the physical development of her little flock? The strong 
ones grow strong, and the weaklings remain weak. She 
clothes, feeds and houses, as best she can, her little brood, 
but oh, how tired she grows of the endless physical tasks 
that leave no time for her higher maternal duties! Here 
is where the news of the diminution of births comes as a 
boon, both to the nation and to the individual. 

Professor Griggs, In a recent article, says that mother- 
hood has come to be a profession — but that the profession 
of fatherhood Is as yet undiscovered. This is a truth that 
no observer will deny, and is another good reason why 
mothers should legitimately limit their offspring; it is the 
mothers upon whom the whole duty of rearing the little 
ones devolves, and she can develop a small family with 
greater success mentally, morally and physically than she 
can a large one. That, I think, is self-evident. It needs no 
argument. 

But here creeps in an unhappy phase of the question. 
There are some women who refuse to bear children for 
purely selfish reasons; they dislike the loss of their ease and 
freedom, or fear injury to their beauty of figure, or prefer 
to follow some alluring career. These, of course, are all 
reprehensible, and there is not one shred of sympathy or 
defense for this attitude. But that it is quality, and not 
quantity, that makes for the good of the nation, and inci- 
dentally, of the individual, I am convinced. Likewise, that 
an Intelligent and legitimate limitation of offspring is just 
and justifiable and is productive of quality, and that it is 
quality not quantity that counts In the well-being of the 
nation. Laura Bride Powers. 

Sue Allerton's Way 

Miss Hester Allerton set the mush-pot on the stove 
with vindictive force and chased the unoffending cat out 
of doors. Her sister Sue glanced at her in respectful 
apprehension, but remained silent, for she rarely addressed 
her sister unless spoken to, and never when Miss Hester 
was in this mood, which boded ill to all who came in con- 
tact with her — from meek little Miss Sue to poor pussy, 
shivering dejectedly on the door-step. 

Sue noiselessly set out the things for the biscuit 
making, and, casting sympathetic glances out of the win- 
dow at the cat from time to time, went to work quietly, 
slicing the bread for toast. 

It was a salient point in Miss Hester's character 
that she never allowed her sister actually to construct 
anything; it was Sue who washed and peeled the vege- 
tables, who stoned the raisins and sliced the apples — but 
it was always Hester's pie, or pudding or biscuit, as the 
case might be. Sue never made anything. 

She was as completely under her sister's thumb as 
if she had been twenty, instead of three years her junior; 
so it had been, the neighbors said, ever since their mother 
died, far back in the dim past when they were young. 

Many times it was said among the townsfolk, who 
detested Hester as sincerely as they liked mild, gentle little 
Miss Sue, that never in the annals of the Allerton sisters 
had Sue been known to have her own way; nev-er, in ever so 
trivial a question had she disagreed or differed or " dared 
to call her soul her own," as they expressed It. Deep and 
sincere, therefore, was the sympathy felt for Willie, the 
son of another sister, who, finding Miss Hester's yoke 
unbearable, had run away and married a worthless scamp 
who soon deserted her. Poor, prett}' Lena was dead now, 
and there had been nowhere her boy might be sent but to 
her old home, hard and bitter though it had been to her, 
and with a pitiful heart-broken letter, commending him 
to her sister's care, the dying woman had sent him there. 

Willie was not exactly a prize to any one. He was 
a pallid, sickly, impudent little scamp, brutal and unheed- 



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Telephone East 791 



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Incorporated 
1601 California Street 



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Vice-Prciidcnt. 



San FranciicOt Cal. 



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Telephone Grant |l 

No. 2/j Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

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Telephone 
Private Echange 52 



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ing as a young animal, and inheriting his father's charac- 
teristics. No sooner had he arrived than it was evident 
that he and Miss Hester were sworn foes; Sue's hungry, 
yearning heart warmed to him at once, and in return he 
bestowed upon her a sulky tolerance for which she was 
meekly grateful. 

Miss Hester made her biscuits in ominous silence. 
At last, glancing grimly at the clock, she said shortly: 

" Look at the time, and that boy not out of bed; and 
he ain't been workin' for Mr. Adams a week yet. That 
boy'll come to some bad end, you mark — " 



[H 



There was a loud knocking at the door, and Mr. 
Adams, the butcher, entered, red and embarrassed, and 
stood, twisting his smootched and spotted apron in his 
hands. 

" 'Mornin', ma'am," he said confusedly, addressing 
Miss Hester. " I-I-hate to trouble you, but — well, the 
fact is, Miss Allerton, there's twenty dollars gone from my 
till, an', an', — your boy's the only one as could have taken 
it, — an' he ain't showed up this mornin' — " 

The rest of his sentence trailed off into silence, for 
Miss Hester had vanished up the stairs, and Sue, with her 
head on the table, was crying unrestrainedly. 

" Don't take on so. Miss Sue," said Mr. Adams in 
great distress. " I'm awful sorry — I wisht — " 

Miss Hester came down the stairs, calm and tearless, 
holding a small, grimy note between her thumb and finger. 

" His bed ain't been slept in," she announced wood- 
enly, " and this note says he's gone back to New York. He 
says — " a faint, grim, smile played about her mouth, " he 
says he only borrled Mr. Adams' money, and he'll send 
it back," and slowly she crossed over to the stove and 
dropped the bit of paper into the flame. 

When the butcher had gone she turned to her sister 
coldly. 

" If you can git along without cryin' for a while 
you might as well go on with the toast," she said stonily. 
" I 'spose we shall go on eatin', jest the same. For me, 
I expect to enjoy my victuals more." 

Sue's tears dropped on the bread as she sliced it, and 
so blinded her that she cut her finger. Her sister turned 
on her fiercely — 

" Sue Allerton," she said, " that boy warn't ever 
anything but a worry an' a shame to us; we never took 
a minute's comfort with him, an' you know it. I'm jest 
glad he's gone; ain't you, Sue Allerton? " 

Her sister looked at her, as she stood, hard, menac- 
ing, unrelenting. The serfdom of years was hard to shake 
off, but for the first time a spirit of independence stirred 
within Sue, and into her withered cheek came a dash of 
pink; her bosom heaved, her pale blue eyes were lit with 
a fire never kindled there before — 

" No, I'm not," she said clearly and without falter- 
ing. " I'm sorrier than I have ever been before." 

* * * * , . * t ,• 

The cold, dull day had realized its own unloveliness 

and was fast passing into twilight. Lights began to dance 
and twinkle in the shop-windows and form long vistas of 
will-o'-the wisps up and down the streets; weary men and 
women hurried homeward, turning their collars up closer 
about their ears, and thinking longingly of cozy firesides. 
At one of the brilliant windows a woman lingered, shiver- 
ing in the frosty air. Now and then she would dart out 
into the passing throng, look closely into the face of some 
newsboy or messenger, then, with a hopeless shake of her 
head, and a mumbled apology, she would hurry back to her 
station. Timid, terrified Sue! Fate had played a strange 
trick to place her here, in the clamor and excitement of 
New York, — she who had never been more than twenty 
miles from home in all her life before. Shivering in the 
glare of the electric light, her weary thoughts went drearily 
back over all the incidents of the past two weeks; Willie's 
disappearance, her marvelous rising, her subsequent com- 
ing to the city — drawing from the bank her share of their 
savings; her tireless, hopeless search for the wanderer, 
with no more idea how to go about it than a child, till now, 
when she had only sufficient money left to defray her small 
: expenses for one more day, and buy her ticket home — save 
the price of Willie's ticket for his going back with her, — 
that she carried in a tiny sack about her neck, and would 
not have parted with to save her life. 

( Continued Page j6 ) 




" Hearts Courageous," by Hallie Erminie Rives, 
is another of those novels that have been so popular in 
the last few years with American history as a background. 
The scene is laid in Virginia during the time of the 
American Revolution, and she pictures vividly and forcibly 
the part that Virginia took in assisting the Colonies to 
assert their independence. Miss Rives has drawn her 
heroine with a stronger character than has been usually 
given to the girls of that period. Her hero is a young 
French marquis sent over on a secret mission by the French 
Government to report whether or not it would be advisable 
for her to carry out the promises already privately given 
Benjamin Franklin. An English army officer, Captain 
Jarratt, has been sent by the English Government to inter- 
cept the French diplomat and if possible prevent him from 
making any such report. The Frenchman very cleverly 
outwits him on the voyage over by declaring himself dead 
and masquerading in the person of his own private secre- 
tary. As such he meets the heroine and determines to win 
her affections without her having knowledge of his position 
and titles. He seems to have succeeded as his ardent woo- 
ing won him her love soon after their first meeting. The 
writer presents one of the strongest pictures of that noble 
Virginian, Patrick Henry, that has ever been given in 
fiction, and gives the great speech that he made which 
every American schoolboy remembers so well and every 
true American can never forget, especially those last Im- 
mortal words that have come chanting down from the ages 
of the past, " But as for me, as for me, give me liberty or 
give me death ! " In contrast to these fiery patriots Is the 
picture of that noble old English peer, Lord Fairfax, with 
his unswerving loyalty toward his king. Her description 
of the surrender of Lord Cornwallis and the events leading 
up to It is admirably done. The lovers separations and 
their trials are ended in a happy climax. Such tales as this 
from the pens of women make one feel as If they would 
like to be able to go back and present them to those old 
learned savants of the eighteenth century who believed 
that women should not be taught to read and write. 

Louise Battles Cooper. 

Art in Japan 

Japan had long been, and still was In 1800, a fit nurse 
for artistic, if not poetic, children. Though the most 
famous sculptors and painters lived before 1650, yet from 
that date to 1 800 there glided on the golden time for the 
acme and zenith of Japanese art. The like of it in the sum 
total of achievement had never been seen before, and 
probably will not be so afterwards. In variety and extent 
it may be surpassed in India, in richness of colouring and 
In brilliancy of effect It may be exceeded In China. But 
for artistic quality of colouring, for appropriateness of 
effect, for originality of design, for observation of natural 
objects, for perfection of handiwork In metal. In wood, in 
Ivory, in lacquer, it remains as yet unequalled In the world. 
— From Progress of India, Japan, and China in the 
Century, by Sir Richard Temple. 

Western musicians and entertainers will find the 
" Directory of Club Speakers and Entertainers " a splendid 
medium for advertising owing to the fact, that the next Issue 
will be a large one, and mailed to all the clubs in all the 
State Federations. Address Miss Helen A. Whittler, 
Editor, 50 Chelmsford Street, Lowell, Mass. 

A Seress. Pierce the veil of the future and have 
your future read. 714 Leavenworth (near Sutter), S. F. 



15] 



^£ufi Tomorrow she must go home; there was no other 

<« ,g way; yet, oh, how bitter it was to go back to Hester and 
Jmi\\t admit that she had failed, that the first time in all her life 
she had had her own way it had come to naught ! 

A group of noisy, scuffling newsboys hurried past her. 
From force of habit she peered eagerly among them. They 
halted a moment, looking curiously at the quaint, shabby 
figure, when suddenly she threw up her hands with a gest- 
ure of astonishment and delight — 

"Willie, Willie!" she cried shrilly in her broken 
treble. " Oh, Willie, I've found you at last! " 

The boy's jaw dropped as he saw her; the cigarette 
fell from his fingers, and over his sallow, sullen face came 
an expression of mingled shame and disgust. 

" Oh, Willie," quavered poor Miss Sue, " ain't you 
goin' to speak to me? I've come all the way to New York 
to find you, and I've hunted, oh, how I've hunted for you, 
every day! Come back with me, Willie, an' it won't be so 
hard for you as it was before — truly it won't ! I'll stand 
up for you, and we'll have hot cakes 'most every day! " 
Her shabby bonnet had fallen far back on her head, her 
cheeks were burning, and her features worked convulsively. 
The other boys stood listening curiously; Willie's head 
was down, so she could not see his face, and his hands 
played nervously with the edges of his papers. 

A terrible fear clutched at her heart. " Oh, Willie," 
she faltered, "is it that you — don't care? Won't you go — 
back with me? " 

The boys' tongues were unloosed; " Course Willie- 
boy'll go," — "now will you be good?" and "run along 
with Gran'ma ! " they jeered derisively. 

Like a flash Willie raised his head. Miss Sue, her 
hands, cased in their loose, black gloves, clasped tightly 
together, leaned forward breathlessly. Something in the 
bent, pitiful figure must have touched the first chord of 
chivalry in his bad, blase little heart, for he flung himself 
in front of her, and faced the boys with flashing eyes and 
a fierce clinching of his grimy fists. 

" Boys," he hotly said, " any feller as sasses her, 
settles with me, see? Clear out now, an' no foolin. This 
'ere lady's my aunt from the country, an' I'm goin' home 
to live with her! " 

The retreating figures of the newsboys, the steady 
stream of passers-by, and the shops, the twinkling lights — 
all blended in one bright, beautiful panorama before her 
happy eyes, and the clash and clamor of the streets seemed 
but a sweet accompaniment to the music in her heart. 

Sue Allerton had her way. 

Ruth Comfort Mitchell. 





U^e J^erPlf? ^cftooP of feanguaaeA 

121 Geary Street, Starr King Bailding, San Francisco. 

2 gold and 2 iil'ver medals 
at Paris Exposition 

Trill lasson Free on ipplloatlon to 

SeorfitBry 
Commercial Claises 

SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

All languages taught by the Berlitz Method, the best and quickest 
ever devised. Competent Native Teachers. Private and class 
instruction. Nearly 200 branches, ivith 75,000 students in the 
principal cities oj America and Europe. 

CHILDREN'S CLASSES at EVENING CLASSES 

Friday, 3:45 1831 DEVISADERO ST. Monday, 8:30 

Saturday, 2:15 near pine street Saturday, 8:15 

JEAN LOGAN, B. P. C. 

TEACHER OF 

BALLROOM, FANCY DANCES & GRACE CULTURE 

PRIVATE LESSONS GIVEN 

SPECIAL RATES CLASSES IN PHYSICAL CULTURE 

FOR CLUBS HOOVER SYSTEM 

Residence 1122 PINE STREET, Phone POLK 3111 




R^emoval 

The spacious and elegant new quarters of the Vienna 
Model Bakery, 222 Sutter Street, has been open for some 
time and doing a fine business. 

Happening to pass along by the place one day, I 
gazed into their swell window, containing dainty cakes and 
bread and the sight drew me in to buy a wreath cake (a 
specialty of theirs by the way) which is simply delicious. 
Waiting for it to be wrapped, I took up one of the dainty 
menus a la carte, which read very appetizingly for lunch- 
eons, etc., at prices marvelously reasonable for the well 
appointed service one receives. Their French dinner at a 
dollar equals, if not excels the best French restaurant in 
town. 

Velvets 

Ere strong March winds come blustering in. 
Fair Frisco Maid, prepare your skin ! 
Juanita knows what she's about ; 
Now listen, — ere she ventures out. 
She uses what will most avail — 
" VELVETA ! " never known to fail ! 
It keeps the skin smooth, firm and clear, — 
Allows no blemish to appear. 

Any one requiring an absolutely pure olive oil, es- 
pecially for medical use, should ask for the Vincent C. 
Smith oil. It can be bought at the following places: 
Market St., Nos. 25, 565, 1016; Pine St., No. 432; 
Sutter St., No. 230; Geary St., No. 612; Devisadero 
St., Nos., 401, 500; Mission St., No. 1896. 

San Francisco Blue BooK 

Now being compiled for the season 1903- 1904, contains names, 
addresses and offices of the leading Women's Clubs. Address all 
changes, etc., to Charles C. Hoag, 225 Post Street. 

Pretend nothing. Do not seek to impress people with 
the qualities or accomplishments you would like to possess. 
If you really possess them, people will find it out. If you 
do not, they will find it out also, no matter what effect you 
make to assume them. Remember, there is nothing you 
may not be (within the bounds of common sense), if you 
really desire it. You cannot be a great singer, or a great 
artist, or a great poet, unless you are born with these gifts. 
But you can be a great character, a great woman, if you 
lay the foundation hour by hour by noble thoughts, im- 
pulses, and actions. 



La Grande Laundry 



Telephone Bush i z 



Principal Office 

23 Powell Street, cor. Ellis Street, San Francis^ 



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Embliihcd 188ft Phone Bltck jsW 

MainOAice; Tokio, Japin 



O. KAI & CO 

IMPORTERS OF JAPANESE ART GOODS 
316 Kearny Street San Francisco, Cal. 



W. C. ESTRP 



C. S. WRIGHT 



N. GRAY & CO. 



Establiihed ISSO 



3 5 3-3 55-35 7 Sutter Street 



Phone Main 43 



[i6 



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Club Life 



PUBLISHED 



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Office and Calling Hours t t lO A. M. to 4 P. M. 
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Contents 



Why Matrimony Should be Rated Among the 
Sciences in our Higher Educational Courses 

Laura Bride Power .... i 

Floral Society ...... i 

Fruit and Flower Mission .... i 

California Outdoor Art League . . • l 

Contemporary Club ..... 2 

Association Pioneer Women of California . 2 

Daughters of California Pioneers . . i 

Corona Club ....... 2 

Papyrus Club ...... 3 

Sempervirens Club ..... 3 

Forum Club ...... 3 

Laural Hall Club 3 



The La Puerta del Oro, D. A. R. . . . 4 

Artists 4 

California Federation of Women's Clubs . 4 

Alameda District Report . . 4, 5 

San Joaquin Valley District Report . 5-7 

Los Angeles District Report . . 7 

San Diego District Report . . 7, 8 

California International Sunshine Society . 9 

Adelphian Club 10 

Criterion Club . . . • • • ^'^ 

Library Department . . . • • 11 
^Nom^n'sV^OTk—W. B. Ewer . 12,13,16 

Book Reviews ....•• 15 

Shopping News ..... 16 



Entered July lO, jgo2, as Second-class Matter 
Postoffice at San Francisco, Cal. Act of Congress of March j, iSjg 



Club Life 



Vol. 1. 



APRIL, 1903 



No. 12. 



Why Matrimony Should be Rated Among the Sciences in Our Higher 

Educational Courses — Laura Bride Powers 



The legitimate object of matrimony is the proper 
propagation of the human species. The only rational 
remedy for the injustices, sins, and diseases that oppress 
the world lies solely and entirely in the proper propagation 
of the human species. When a man and a woman united in 
wedlock have produced children who, by inheritance, pre- 
natal influence, environment and education become honest, 
kind, just, loving and reverent men and women, then is 
a dynasty of God established. If, then, we would do 
away with the sins and sorrows of the world by sending 
forth into it offspring that is clean In body and mind and 
heart, why do we not give to matrimony, the great source 
of these purifying influences, at least as much attention as 
we do botany, zoology or agriculture? 

Max O'Rell, who, I believe, has declared himself an 
authority upon men and women and matrimony has this 
to say upon this point : " The greatest misfortune of man- 
kind is that matrimony is the only vocation for which the 
candidate has no training. Yet it Is the one that requires 
the most careful preparation." 

During the lengthy and verbose discussions on the 
divorce question some months ago, when opinions of our 
leading churchmen and laymen were made public, but few 
ventured the opinion that a divorce was a necessary and 
advisable thing when a man and a woman lived together 
in discord and hate. That such poisonous atmospheres 
exist, into which young souls are born, Impregnated with 
the fumes of hate, we all are aware; and we are also aware 
of the wretched lives of these poor little victims of uncon- 
trolled passion, who were born, not because they were 
wanted and longed for, but in spite of it. They — poor 
things — form our incompetent and criminal elements. 

Another thing we are aware of, and it Is that such 
conditions of discord are usually to be found in marriages 
that were contracted early in life. In the springtime of 
youth the emotions are tumultuous; the reason Is sub- 
merged in the sweeping torrents of emotion. There is 
no rudder of experience to guide the ventursome young 
soul, and aimlessly It drifts — sometimes on a reef. 

Sometimes it is guided by an unworthy captain, such 
as a mercenary parent, whose love for wealth and its per- 
quisites overwhelms her love of character and suitability. 
Sometimes it just drifts — drifts. 

These things all ensue from a lack of understanding; 
and this assuredly results from a lack of education In this 
direction. Now, will some sane person tell me why in our 
high schools and universities (which, I believe, should not 
be co-educational), there shouldn't be an intelligent study 
of the science of marriage — of Its rights and its duties, of 
its privileges and Its limitations, its attractions and Its de- 
tractions. Likewise a subjective and objective study of 
men and women — those met with daily — with observations 
as to the temperaments that appear to blend most naturally 
and harmoniously. And, besides, there are certain exact 
rules that could be instilled Into the youthful minds at that 
emotional period — but they must be instilled before the 
microbe of love has lodged in the brain — or heart 



or 



wherever It locates. Scientists are telling us now that it 
Is the brain alone that Is the seat of emotions — not the 
heart; but this scientific fact will be a sad blow to our 
ballads, poems, and traditions. When once the love- 
microbe has found lodgment, and the well-known antitoxins 
of opposition and discouragement injected without result, 
then the only remedy is matrimony. And if the union 
prove to be one of the body, and not of the spirit, then 
marriage will soon annihilate the microbes. There is noth- 
ing so fatal to the love-microbe as a marriage of the flesh; 
satiety results, indifference follows, and then the drifting 
— drifting — towards the lawyer's office. 

But these are mere flashings of what we should teach 
our youth — a knowledge of human nature, and to know 
matrimony as they know their history, their botany, or their 
zoology. It is infinitely more important to them individ- 
ually, and to the nation collectively. 

Floral Society 

The California State Floral Society held a meet- 
ing March 13th. Congratulations were sent to Mrs. 
J. G. Lemmon upon the successful passage of her bill mak- 
ing the California poppy, or Eschscholtzia, our State flower. 
This was the third bill Mrs. Lemmon introduced In our 
Legislatures and all three were passed by both branches 
of the Legislature, but the first two died for want of the 
governor's signature. Through the kindness of Governor 
Pardee we have our State flower. 

Mrs. W. W. Wymore was voted a member of the 
society. 

The Floral people are to celebrate " Book Day " on 
the second Friday in May, so called for the reason that 
each member will contribute a book on that day on flori- 
culture, and a general reception will be held. The books 
are to be given In charge of Mr. O. V. Lange, the society's 
librarian. 

It has been decided to hold a series of complimen- 
tary flower shows during the season — the first will be the 
rose show, due notice of which will be given. 

The nominations for officers and directors for 1903- 
1904 have been made: Prof. Emory E. Smith for Presi- 
dent; Mrs. L. O. Hodgklns, for First Vice-President; 
Dr. Harry L. Tevis for Second Vice-President; Mrs. 
Henry P. Tricou for Recording Secretary. 

There are two nominees for Corresponding Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, and nine Directors, of which four will 
be voted. 

Fruit and Flo-wer Mission 

The twent)'-second annual report of the worthy Fruit 
and Flower Mission has just come to hand with a goodly 
showing of having done splendid work during the year, 
giving out delicacies and solid comfort to the sick and 
helpless, and also brightening their lives with fruits, flowers 
and books. This is a charitable organization which should 
be assisted by all. Anyone willing to add their mite, please 
address S. F. Fruit and Flower Mission, 63 1 Sutter Street. 







California Outdoor Art League 

Substantial progress is being made by the California 
Outdoor Art League in all the departments of work in 
which the organization is engaged. 

Plans are being matured for civic improvement, and 
the members of the league feel greatly encouraged by the 
co-operation and assistance received in their efforts for 
bettering the appearance of the streets and public squares 
of our city. 

The League is not confining its endeavors to the 
public thoroughfares, but is broadening its influence by 
seeking to interest property owners in making residence 
grounds more attractive, and vacant lots more presentable. 
Through the courtesy of Congressman Julius Kahn, the 
league has recently received from the Department of Agri- 
culture, at Washington, two hundred and fifty packages of 
assorted seeds. 

These seeds will be utilized to the best advantage in 
several sections of the city, where, heretofore, gardening 
has not received the attention essential to home adorn- 
ment. 

A valuable contribution of seeds has also been re- 
ceived from Forestry Parlor, Native Daughters of the 
Golden West, through Miss Eliza D. Keith. 

The influence of the league is being exerted, in every 
possible way, to assist in the education of voters to the 
necessity of the city authorizing an issue of bonds, at the 
special election, to be held In the near future. 

Considering the fact that the city of San Francisco 
has an outstanding indebtedness of less than three hundred 
thousand dollars, the members of the league believe that 
money obtained on bonds and expended in beautifying the 
city would be wisely invested. 

An important event of the past month was the cele- 
bration of Arbor Day at San Jose. 

Generally speaking, the plan was to devote the day 
to the planting of trees along the main thoroughfares 
leading from San Jose to the city park in Alum 
Rock Canyon, in the eastern foothills. The arrangements 
were under the auspices of the Public Highway Improve- 
ment Club and the Woman's Club of San Jose as well as 
the Chamber of Commerce, and other organizations took 
an active interest, and aided materially in