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Full text of "Coal men of America, a biographical and historical review of the world's greatest industry"

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COAL MEN 



OF 



AMERICA 



A Biographical and Historical 
Review of the World's Great- 
est Industry. 



Arthur M. Hull, 

Editor-in-Chief 

Sydney A. Hale, 

Associate Editor 



CHICAGO 
THE RETAIL COALMAN 

1918 






Copyright, 1918, by 

The Retail Coalman, Inc., 
Chicago, 111. 

All rights reserved. 



FOREWORD 




HE HISTORY of a country is the history of its people, of the individuals who 
constitute its citizenship. In like manner, the history of any movement, of any 
institution, of any great industry, is the history comprising- the biography of 
the men whose lives are intimately identified therewith. 

The history of the coal trade, which is the history of a most wonderful industrial de- 
velopment, is distinctively the history of the men upon whose shoulders have been borne 
the burdens and upon whose brows have rested the victories and the successes incident to 
that wonderful commercial expansion. 

It is fitting that conspicuous pages from the unknown history of the coal trade 
should be garnered and collected in permanent form as a memorial to that trade, as a record 
of the achievements of its master minds, and of the worthy service which has been con- 
tributed to the industry by the business men who have developed the various mining 
fields, and those who have devised and conducted the splendid methods of distribution 
that are in operation. 

Within the memory of men who are now engaged in the coal trade, this industry 
has grown from small volume, by leaps and bounds, to a magnitude that arrests the atten- 
ti<>n and commands the respect of the entire world. Modern civilization would strive in 
vain to produce another era of human activity so stupendous or one more essential to human 
existence than that of the coal trade. We, the coal men of today, are in such close con- 
tact with this wondrous development that its marvelous growth is inadequately realized 
by us. 

Before the present generation of coal men retire from the stage of human activity, 
a record of what they have accomplished should be inscribed on the pages of history. 

The present undertaking is of this nature. It is proposed to show by the lives of 
men how one great coal field after another was discovered, how the mighty streams of com- 
merce expanded incessantly beyond all bounds and expectations, and how the splendid fab- 
ric of transportation and distribution took shape and grew. 

It is a wonderful piece of mosaic work of which the lives of coal men form its units, 
constituting in its composite whole a vision that should be imperishable and which must of 
necessity be mellowed with added charm as the years lengthen into the cycles of time. 



ivil£6089 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT 



^HE layman little realizes the amount of work and tedious detail con- 
nected with the compilation of a book of the size and scope of "Coal 
Men of America." The editor and his associates have devoted the 
major portion of their time for nearly three years in gathering- and 
preparing the necessary information. It has been their sole aim to 
make it as complete and accurate as possible, but their efforts have been seri- 
ously handicapped by the rapidly changing conditions and troublous times of 
the past two years which have brought so many abnormal demands upon the 
time and attention of everyone engaged in the coal industry. 

It would be impossible to compile a book of the character of "Coal Men 
of America" without the active, hearty and cordial support and co-operation 
of many. The editor realizes, far better than anyone else, the debt of grati- 
tude he owes to all of those who have assisted him in the enterprise and 
helped to make the biographical data of the thousands of coal men represented 
accurate and authentic. 

The historical part and the introductory matter pertaining to the coal 
industry in the various states has been written by Sydney A. Hale, editor of 
the New York Coal Trade Journal, who has given much thought and study to 
verifying the facts stated, and this part of the work will be especially valuable 
for reference for many years to come. 

For the illustrations we are indebted to many photographers in all sec- 
tions of the country, and a complete list of those who made the reproductions 
of so many likenesses possible will be found on another page. 



PREFACE 




N presenting "Coal Men of America" to the public the publishers have attempted 
to make a contribution of more than passing value to the history of the coal 
industry. Statistics, official or otherwise, even the bare records of business 
transactions, exist in sufficient detail to constitute a complete chronicle of the 
industry itself, but little or nothing has been placed in permanent form regard- 
ing the men who have done the work, the human element which actually has been the 
greatest factor in its accomplishment. They are indeed the spirit which has animated it 
throughout, and their names should be perpetuated in connection with its story. 

As an accurate and reliable record of the part which these men have played in the 
coal business, registering their personal relations with it, we believe this volume to be 
unique in purpose, and to possess an historical value and importance which will increase 
with the passing of time, an enduring link between the present and future. The account 
of the services which they have rendered in what has come to be recognized as the world's 
greatest industry, if not adequately noted while authentic information is easily available, 
may readily slip into the mass of impersonal achievements bulked under statistics, and 
lose forever the vitalizing interest which always attaches to biographical history. Too 
often we find nothing more reliable than tradition when we are searching for this class of 
information, and this work was therefore designed to meet a demand now considered prac- 
tically a necessity in every field, presenting verified data whose immediate worth is-appar- 
ent, but far surpassed by its future value. 

Several thousand coal men are represented in these pages, together with statistics 
of importance and interest to every reader. The portraits constitute another desirable 
feature. The editor has made a conscientious effort to insure correctness in both historical 
and biographical matter, the latter embodying considerable information which would have 
been preserved in no other way. The thoroughness with which this work has been done 
should commend it to all as a valuable work of reference, a real addition to the bibliog- 
raphy of the coal industry. 

Much care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity 
possible given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many will be missed in this volume. 
For this the publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, 
some refused to give the information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were in- 
different, and neglected to send in the data asked for. 

However, we appreciate the cordial co-operation given to us by so many leaders in 
the trade and are confident that "Coal Men of America" will prove a highly interesting and 
valuable reference work to evervone who is connected with the coal industry. 



Business possesses an 
added pleasure when 
it forms lasting friend- 
ships that are built on 
mutual confidence," 



THE WORLD'S GREATEST INDUSTRY 



IN PEACE AND IN WAR 



THE United States is the richest country in the 
world. It is also the greatest producer of coal. 
The two facts are not accidental. The prosperity 
of the United States in a very large measure is due to 
the extent of its coal deposits and their development by 
the pioneers who invested their money and their time 
in mining black diamonds for the benefit of this great 
union. Coal is not only one of the most important raw 
elements on which our national welfare is based, but 
it is the basic commodity, and, although it took a world 
war to drive this fact home, today the layman, as well 
.i> the coal man, recognizes that without our extensive 
eoal deposits as a military force the United States 
would be almost, if not entirely, helpless. Coal has 
made possible the construction of the greatest railroad 
mileage of the world. It has permitted the develop- 
ment of the vast metalliferous resources. It has added 
to the comfort of practically every citizen. From the 
time coal deposits were first noted by the early ex- 
plorers of Illinois in 1668 to the present day, when the 
annual production is close to 700,000,000 tons, the 
industrial development of the country can lie measured 
by the increase of the coal tonnage. How far we have 
advanced can be perhaps glimpsed when it is remem- 
bered that in 1821, the first year for which we have 
fairly authentic statistics, the total output of the coun- 
try wns only 1,322 tons. 

The detailed development of the coal industry is 
told in the succeeding pages under appropriate state 
headings. These give a general picture of the condi- 
tions that have existed up until the time of the World 
War. The situation that brought about that war, and 
particularly by the entrance of the United States as 
one of the champions for nniversul democracy, deserves 
parate treatment. 



Before this condition can be properly understood, 
however, consideration must be given to the general 
background of the coal industry. In the first place, 
while coal is vital to the success of every other major 
industrial enterprise, it is peculiar in the fact that it 
can not create a demand for itself. The consumption 
of the domestic sizes and grades of coal is controlled 
wholly by climatic conditions, fluctuating with varia- 
tions in weather severity. On the industrial side coal 
is the first to feel the relaxation in the industrial 
growth and the last to participate in the benefits of 
expansion. As had been said by the author in another 
treatment of this topic, "the competition of coal is 
with coal.*' It has been able to make but little headway 
against other forms of fuel. This fact is strikingly 
illustrated in the history of the coal trade of those 
states that have come to the front as reservoirs for fuel 
oil, such as California and Texas. Because of this 
peculiarity, as well as the fact already mentioned, that 
the demand for coal is wholly dependent upon causes 
beyond the control of the coal operator, the struggle for 
markets as between different grades of coal was, up 
to the time of our own entrance into the war, as 
keen, if not keener, than that ever experienced by any 
other form of Commercial enterprise of magnitude. 

With export trade very slightly developed (in fact, 
from the tonnage point of view of such volume as to lie 
inconsequential in the general trend of the trade), with 
the producing fields iii the eastern part of the country, 
for the most part older in point of exploration, and con- 
taining the better grades of coal, together with the fact 
that the general trend of traffic movement from the 
east to the west lias been one of manufactured products, 
while the east hound movement has been more largely 
one of raw materials, the pressure of eastern coals seek- 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



ing an outlet for their surplus tonnage was most marked 
in the territory west of the Indiana-Ohio state line. 
Thus, until the war, Chicago, which with Pittsburgh 
shares the honor of being the greatest coal consuming 
district in the United States, drew its supplies from 
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Maryland, Ken- 
tucky and West Virginia, with occasional shipments 
from Virginia, Tennessee and Arkansas. 

This pressure acting upon the states of Indiana and 
Illinois, themselves large producers of coal, served to set 
up a further westbound pressure, which sent the coals 
of Illinois into the Missouri river territory and into the 
Northwest and southern Mississippi states. Certain 
coals because of their special qualities, such as the 
smithing grade of West Virginia and Maryland, en- 
joyed a trade extending from the Atlantic to the Pa- 
cific, while the semi-bituminous or smokeless coals for 
general domestic purposes reached as far west as the 
Missouri river. Although many of the western coals 
are well known for their quality, this pressure of the 
heavier producing eastern states and of the coals in the 
Illinois, Indiana and western Kentucky basin prevented 
any substantial eastern movements of coals beyond the 
Missouri river. 

While, in certain foreign countries, water borne has 
been a feature, with the exception of the coastwise trans- 
portation of coals from the Virginia piers to New Eng- 
land and the movement from the lower Lake Erie ports 
to the Head of the Lakes (and to a lesser degree along 
the western shore of Lake Michigan) the coal movement 
has been distinctly a railroad movement. Indeed, in 
1915 for example, out of a total bituminous production 
of 442,624,426 tons only 21,506,488 tons, or approx- 
imately five per cent., moved via the inland waterways 
of the Great Lakes, and even this tonnage, originating 
in the states of West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Ohio and 
Kentucky, had to move from the mines to the loading 
ports on Lake Erie all rail, and the bulk of it was 
distributed from the docks at the Head of the Lakes and 
along Lake Michigan in the same manner. 

First Effects of the War. 

The effects of the war upon coal were first felt in the 
East, particularly in the New England and Middle At- 
lantic States, which have been and still are the scene of 
the greatest war industrial activity in the United States. 
The abnormal rates paid for ocean carriage from August, 
1914, naturally drew a number of the bottoms that had 
been engaged in coastwise transportation into the for- 
eign service. At the same time the movements of war 
munitions of one kind or another through the North 
Atlantic seaboard ports, and especially New York, threw 
a volume of traffic upon the railroads in that part of the 
country that they were not able to handle with the 
usual expedition. As a result, to use a railroad phrase, 
loads backed up as far as Buffalo, then Pittsburgh, and 



finally as far west as the Missouri river. With the rail- 
road congestion making it difficult for New England to 
receive supplies by rail and the withdrawal of part of 
the bottoms cutting down her opportunities to receive 
a normal supply of coal by vessel, New England began 
to reach out to new fields and endeavored to make up 
the deficit in her supply created by these conditions. 

This section was faced not only with the necessity of 
maintaining a normal flow of coal, but the business de- 
veloped almost over night in war manufactories and the 
demand of the Allies for speed in the production of 
munitions to stop the Huns made it necessary that her 
usual supply of fuel be abnormally increased. The re- 
sult of this situation was a bid of New England against 
other markets of the country for the portion of the 
supply of coal that had hitherto gone to those markets. 
Prices, of course, reacted upward. The shortage was 
at that time not a shortage in actual coal production, 
but a deficiency in the means of transporting the coal 
from the mines to the New England market; in other 
words,, as one editor has phrased it, it was a "borrowed 
shortage." It reacted upon the Middle Atlantic states 
and slowly but steadily pushed its way westward. Con- 
ditions in the Central West, however, showed no great 
variation until the late summer of 1916. when the 
threatened strike of the railroad brotherhoods awoke the 
country with a start and threw coal consumers who had 
not provided for their winter's supplies into a panic. 
From that time the call for coal steadily increased. 
While, of course, there were fluctuations in price in 
different localities, as local demand and transportation 
conditions varied, the general trend was upward. 

The Committee on Coal Production. 

When, in 1917, the United States declared that a 
state of war existed between this country and Germany, 
the need for some control of this runaway market, a 
need that had been confessed by many leaders of the 
trade then and prior to that time, was so evident that 
positive steps were taken to cause a readjustment of 
conditions. The first step was the creation of the Com- 
mittee on Coal Production of the Council of National 
Defense. This committee was headed by F. S. Peabody,. 
Chairman of Board, Peabody Coal Co., Chicago, 111., 
as Chairman and he selected the following as his asso- 
ciates in the work: 

William Green, Secretary, Secretary United AI ino 
Workers of America, Indianapolis, Ind. 

George W. Eeed, Assistant Secretary, Peabody Coal 
Co., Chicago, 111. 

Herbert Addison, Vice President Big Horn Collieries 
Co., Denver, Colo. 

F. C. Baird, Secretary Lake Erie Bituminous Coal 
Exchange, Cleveland, Ohio. 



8 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



I'.. J. Berwind, President Berwind-White Coal Min- 
ing Co., Xew York City. 

K. B. Chase. Berwind-White Coal .Mining Co., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

William Diamond. United Mine Workers of America, 
Washington, D. C. 

George Elliott, Secretary' National Committee on Gas 
and Electric Service, Washington, D. C. 

Rol>ert H. Harlin, International Executive Board, 
United Mine Workers of America. 

Frank Hayes, Vice President United Mine Workers 
of America, Indianapolis, Ind. 

W. W. Keefer, President Pittsburgh Terminal Kail- 
road & Coal Co., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

II. L. Kerwin, Secretary to the Secretary of Labor, 
Washington, D. C. 

John L. Lewis, Statistician United Mine Workers of 
America, Indianapolis, Ind. 

.lames Lord, President Mining Department of Ameri- 
can Federation of Labor, Washington, D. C. 

Van II. Manning, Director Bureau of Mines, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

John Mitchell. Chairman Industrial Commission of 
State of New York, New York City. 

C. M. Moderwell, President United Coal & Mining 
Co.. Chicago, 111. 

Rembrandt Peale, Chairman Tidewater Coal Ex- 
change, Xew Y'ork City. 

Erskine Ramsey, Vice President Pratt Consolidated 
Coal Co., Birmingham, Ala. 

Hoy A. Rainey, W. J. Rainey Estate, Xew York City. 

George Otis Smith, Director Geological Survey, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

James J. Storrow, Chairman Massachusetts Com- 
mittee on Public Safety. Boston, Mass. 

Lucius S. Storrs. President The Connecticut Co., New 
Haven, Conn. 

H. X. Taylor. Vice President Central Coal & Coke 
Co.. Kansas City, Mo. 

S. D. Warriner, President Lehigh Coal & Navigation 
Co.. Philadelphia, Pa. 

.1. P. Welborn, President Colorado Fuel & Iron Co., 
Denver, Colo. 

Daniel B. Wentz, President Stonega Coal & Coke Co., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

John 1*. White. President United Mine Workers of 
America. Indianapolis, Ind. 

The committee started out with the idea to apply 
natural economic regulations to prices. It was appar- 
ently their plan "to devote their efforts to overcoming 
the shortage and restraining the bidding of buyer 
Bgainsl buyer for coal hy increasing the production to a 
point where it would be ample to meet all demands. 

Before this campaign could be made effective, however. 

the public political clamor had become so great that the 
Coal men decided that they must institute artificial reg- 



ulation. Accordingly, in .June, 1917, Mr. I'eabody called 
a general conference of operators at Washington. These 
operators met with Mr. Peabody and his committee, 
Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane, and .John 
F. Fort, member of the Federal Trade Commission, 
which had been conducting an investigation into the 
existing coal situation. The coal operators of the coun- 
try, in a most enthusiastic and patriotic meeting, vol- 
untarily agreed to surrender what for many of them 
had been the first good market in years, and pledged 
themselves to observe the following scale of tentative 
maximum prices, until such time as an investigation of 
costs could be made by the government agencies with a 
view of fixing permanent prices within a month or two:- 

Mine Run Prepared Sizes 

Pennsylvania $3.00 $3.50 

West Virginia 3.00 3.50 

Ohio (Thick Vein) 3.00 3.50 

Ohio (Massilon and Palmyra Dis- 
tricts) 3.50 3.50 

Alabama — 

Cahaba and Black Creek 4.00 4.00 

Pratt, Jaeger and Corona 3.50 3.50 

Big Seam 3.00 3.00 

Maryland 3.00 3.50 

Virginia 3.00 3.50 

Kentucky 3.00 3.50 

Illinois 2.75 3.50 

Long Wall Fields 3.25 4.00 

Indiana 2.75 3.50 

Tennessee 3.50 3.50 

These prices represented reductions of from 40 to 60 
per cent. The action of the coal men so pleased Secre- 
tary Dane that he said to the coal operators thus assem- 
bled in special session in Washington: 

"Gentlemen: This is a very novel proceeding. I think 
I am within the fact when I say that no such hearing or 
gathering as this has ever been held in the United States 
before, or perhaps in the world. You are, I hope, pio- 
neers in a good movement. I come from the land of pio- 
neers, the far western country, where we look back with 
respect and admiration and some reverence upon those 
who crossed the hard and stony and waterless places to 
the richer spots beyond. And I hope that you will be 
looked back upon not only by those who succeed you in 
the coal business, but by the industries of the United 
States, with respect and admiration for the manner in 
which you have acted at this conference. You have re- 
sponded as men should, to a call made upon you in the 
name of the people of the United States. You are not a 
removed class. You are of us. You belong to the people. 
Most of you are men who were not born to wealth. You 
came up out of the soil like the rest of us and you have 
shown a sympathy and an understanding of your relations 
with the people from which you spring. That is the 
essential quality in democracy. Unless we can maintain 
in our minds always a consciousness of the source of 
power in this country, democracy is a failure. There is 
a strong contention made that this Government cannot 
so organize itself as to meet to the full the demands that 
are to be made upon it, that other forms of government 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



in times of stress, or in fact any times, are more compe- 
tent and more efficient, because there is the strong hand 
of the Government above, threatening, menacing, com- 
pelling. If we in the United States are to work out our 
problem economic, social, as we have worked out our 
problem political, we must work it out in my judgment in 
the spirit in which you have worked — with sympathy, with 
recognition of those whom you serve. There is a kind 
of corporation in this country that we know as a public 
utility. A public utility is one that is at the service of 
any one and must render him the kind of service that it 
holds out to give. In the biggest and broadest sense, each 
one of you in running a coal mine is managing a public 
utility, because the public is dependent upon you. And 
this world is going forward and not backward, it is going 
to keep its confidence in democracy, if the men who have 
the management of industry and the men who give direc- 
tion to the thought of the country have in their hearts 
always the welfare of the people. The one thing that will 
turn us back is the exercise of arbitrary power by those 
who have power and who exercise it ruthlessly. You 
have been up against an extremely odd situation. And 
now you have gathered here and met that situation in 
man fashion. I think you have reason to be proud of what 
you have done. Speaking for Governor Fort and for Mr. 
Peabody and his committee and for myself, we are proud 
of what you have done." 



The Baker Letter of Repudiation. 

Two days after this agreement, hailed by Secretary 
Lane, had been heralded broadcast, the program was 
abruptly upset by a letter from Newton D. Baker, Sec- 
retary of War, to W. S. Gifford of the Advisory Board 
to the Council of National Defense, repudiating the 
entire agreement. Secretary Baker's position, as ex- 
pressed in his letter of July 1, 1917, was as follows: 

"My attention has been called through the newspapers 
to the action reported to have been taken at Washington 
during the last week by the so-called committee on coal 
production of the Council of National Defense, in co- 
operation with certain coal producers and representatives 
of coal mining enterprises with regard to the price of 
bituminous and anthracite coal. The facts seem to be that 
the coal production committee invited to Washington 
various coal operators and arranged conferences between 
them, members of the Coal Production Committee and 
members of the Federal Trade Commission, leading to 
the adoption of resolutions in favor of an early and ac- 
curate determination of the costs involved in the produc- 
tion of bituminous and anthracite coal as a basis for some 
future action by some official agency of the Government 
in fixing fair and just prices for these products, should 
any such agency be given power to do so. Pending such 
an ascertainment of costs, this meeting seems to have 
adopted a resolution whereby the operators present agreed 
to sell bituminous coal at a price not higher than $3 a 
ton and that this obligation should remain in force until 
some such action had been taken by an authorized govern- 
mental agency. The color which has been given to this 
meeting and this resolution in the newspapers may well 
mislead the public into believing that the Council of 
National Defense has either undertaken itself to fix the 
price of coal or to sanction its being fixed by the Coal 



Production Committee, or that committee in conjunction 
with the coal operators. 

"I, therefore, as President of the Council of National 
Defense, write this to say that the Council of National 
Defense has no legal power and claims no legal power 
either to fix the price of coal or to fix a maximum price 
of coal or any other output. The Coal Production Com- 
mittee is a subordinate committee of the Council of Na- 
tional Defense, purely advisory in its character, formed for 
the purpose of advising the council as to steps which 
might be recommended leading to a stimulation of produc- 
tion and distribution of coal. 

"No power has ever been attempted to be delegated to 
it to consider or deal with the question of price, and any 
action taken by that committee, or sanctioned by that 
committee, dealing with price, either fixed or maximum, 
for coal is clearly beyond the legal power of the Coal 
Production Committee and of the Council of National De- 
fense, from which the committee derives whatever au- 
thority it has. 

"As you are aware, the Federal Trade Commission has 
teen directed by the President to ascertain for his infor- 
mation the costs involved in coal production. I am to 
some extent familiar with the progress made by the com- 
mission. The information I have from that and other 
sources, I think, justified me in believing that the price 
of $3 suggested or agreed on as a maximum is an exorbi- 
tant, unjust and oppressive price. 

"The fact that these conferences were attended by mem- 
bers of the Federal Trade Commission and by members 
of the Council of National Defense, of course, adds noth- 
ing to their legal powers, and I am sure that none of my 
associates in the council will dissent from the view I have 
herein expressed both on the limitations of the powers of 
the Council and the Coal Production Committee and tbe 
effect of the action alleged to have been taken. 

"I write this for the information of the coal committee 
and for the guidance of all other sub-committees of the 
Council." 

The Lever Act and the Coal Problem. 

With the publication of the Baker letter the coal 
question was again thrown back into the arena of politi- 
cal discussion. The coal men were disgusted and dis- 
oTimtled. While the Chairman of the Production Com- 
mittee'and various association officials urged them to 
observe the terms of the Lane-Peabody price agreement 
despite the Baker repudiation, many took the position 
that the agreement was without binding force. Mean- 
while, several of the western states were actively agi- 
tating the price question. Although Ohio, Wisconsin, 
and some of the trans-Mississippi states participated in 
this campaign, the center of the disturbance was in 
Illinois and Indiana. In these two states public officials 
made threats as to what they would do unless the coal 
men came to their terms. At the same time Senator 
Pomerene had introduced an amendment, which subse- 
quently in substance became Section 25 of the Food 
and Fuel Control Law or the Lever Act then pending 
in the national Congress. It became a race to see 
whether government regulation of the coal industry 
should be a state or federal matter. The coal men 



10 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



strongly insisted that the Mlbject was one that should he 
controlled 'by the federal government, while in Illinois 
public officials were equally insistent that regulation 
could Dot await action of Congress. Just as the matter 

had readied the most critical stage the race was won by 
the federal government by the passage of the Lever 
Act. This provided: 

"Sec. 25. That the President of the United States shall 
be, and he is hereby authorized and empowered, when- 
ever and wherever in his judgment necessary for the effi- 
cient prosecution of the war, to fix the price of coal and 
coke, wherever and whenever sold, either by producer or 
dealer, to establish rules for the regulation of ar.d to reg- 
ulate the method of production, sale, shipment, distribu- 
tion, apportionment, or storage thereof among dealers and 
consumers, domestic or foreign; said authority and power 
may be exercised by him in each case through the agency 
of the Federal Trade Commission, during the war or for 
such part of said time as in his judgment may be neces- 
sary. 

"That if, in the opinion of the President, any such pro- 
ducer or dealer fails or neglects to conform to such 
prices or regulations, or to conduct his business efficiently 
under the regulations and control of the President as 
aforesaid, or conducts it in a manner prejudicial to the 
public interest, then the President is hereby authorized 
and empowered in every such case to requisition and take 
over the plant, business, and all appurtenances thereof 
belonging to such producer or dealer as a going concern, 
and to operate or cause the same to be operated in such 
manner and through such agency as he may direct dur- 
ing the period of the war or for such part of said time 
as in his judgment, may be necessary. 

"That any producer or dealer whose plant, business, and 
appurtenances shall have been requisitioned or taken over 
by the President shall be paid a just compensation for the 
use thereof during the period that the same be requisi- 
tioned or taken over as aforesaid, which compensation 
the President shall fix or cause to be fixed by the Federal 
Trade Commission. 

"That if the prices so fixed, or if, in the case of the 
taking over or requisitioning of the mines or business of 
any such producer or dealer, the compensation therefor 
as determined by the provisions of this act be not sat- 
isfactory to the person or persons entitled to receive the 
same, such person shall be paid 75 per cent, of the amount 
so determined, and shall be entitled to sue the United 
States to recover such further sum as, added to said 75 
per cent., will make up such amount as will be just com- 
pensation in the manner provided by section 24, para- 
graph 20, and section 145 of the Judicial Code. 

"While operating or causing to be operated any such 
plants or business, the President is authorized to pre- 
scribe such regulations as he may deem essential for the 
employment, control, and compensation of the employes 
necessary to conduct the same. 

"Or if the President of the United States shall be of the 
opinion that he can thereby better provide for the com- 
mon defense, and whenever, in his judgment, it shall be 
necessary for the efficient prosecution of the war, then 
he is hereby authorized and empowered to require any 
or all producers of coal and coke, either in any special 
area or in any special coal fields, or in the entire United 
States, to sell their products only to the United States 
through an agency to be designated by the President, 



such agency to regulate the resale of such coal and coke, 
and the prices thereof, and to establish rules for the 
regulation of and to regulate the methods of production, 
shipment, distribution, apportionment, or storage thereof 
among dealers, consumers, domestic or foreign, and to 
make payment of the purchase price thereof to the pro- 
ducers thereof, or to the person or persons legally entitled 
to said payment. 

"That within 15 days after notice from the agency so 
designated, to any producer of coal and coke that his, 
or its, output is to be so purchased by the United States 
as hereinbefore described, such producer shall cease ship- 
ments of said product upon his own account and shall 
transmit to such agency all orders received and unfilled 
or partially unfilled, showing the exact extent to which 
shipments have been made thereon, and thereafter all 
shipments shall be made only on authority of the agency 
designated by the President, and thereafter no such pro- 
ducer shall sell any of said products except in the United 
States through such agency, and the said agency alone 
is hereby authorized and empowered to purchase during 
the continuance of the requirement the output of such 
producers. 

"That the prices to be paid for such products so pur- 
chased shall be based upon a fair and just profit over 
and above the cost of production, including proper main- 
tenance and depletion charges, the reasonableness of such 
profits and cost of production to be determined by the 
Federal Trade Commission, and if the prices fixed by the 
said commission of any such product purchased by the 
United States as hereinbefore described be unsatisfactory 
to the person or persons entitled to receive the same, 
such person or persons shall be paid 75 per cent, of the 
amount so determined and shall be entitled to sue the 
United States to recover such further sum as added to 
said 75 per cent, will make up such amount as will be just 
compensation in the manner provided by section 24, para- 
graph 20, and section 145 of the Judicial Code. 

"All such products so sold to the United States shall 
be sold by the United States at such uniform prices, 
quality considered, as may be practicable and as may be 
determined by said agency to be just and fair. 

"Any moneys received by the United States for the sale 
of any such coal and coke may, in the discretion of the 
President, be used as a revolving fund for further carry- 
ing out the purposes of this section. Any moneys not so 
used shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous 
receipts. 

"That, when directed by the President, the Federal 
Trade Commission is hereby required to proceed to make 
full inquiry, giving such notice as it may deem practicable, 
into the cost of producing under reasonably efficient man- 
agement at the various places of production the follow- 
ing commodities, to-wit: Coal and coke. 

"The books, correspondence, records, and papers in any 
way referring to transactions of any kind relating to the 
mining, production, sale or distribution of all mine op- 
erators or other persons whose coal and coke have or 
may become subject to this section, and the books, cor- 
respondence, records, and papers of any person applying 
for the purchase of coal and coke from the United States 
shall at all times be subject to inspection by the said 
agency, and such person or persons shall promptly fur- 
nish said agency any data or information relating to the 
business of such person or persons which said agency 
may call for, and said agency is hereby authorized to pro- 
cure the information in reference to the business of such 
coal-mine operators and producers of coke and customers 



11 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



therefor in the manner provided for in sections 6 and 9 
of the act of Congress approved September 26, 1914, 
entitled "An act to create a Federal Trade Commission, 
to define its powers and duties, and for other purposes," 
and said agency is hereby authorized and empowered to 
exercise all the powers granted to the Federal Trade 
Commission by said act for the carrying out of the pur- 
poses of this section. 

"Having completed its inquiry respecting any com- 
modity in any locality, it shall, if the President has- de- 
cided to fix the prices at which any such commodity shall 
be sold by producers and dealers generally, fix and pub- 
lish maximum prices for both producers of and dealers in 
any such commodity, which maximum prices shall be 
observed by all producers and dealers until further action 
thereon is taken by the commission. 

"In fixing maximum prices for producers the commis- 
sion shall allow the cost of production, including the ex- 
pense of operation, maintenance, depreciation, and deple- 
tion, and shall add thereto a just and reasonable profit. 

"In fixing such prices for dealers the commission shall 
allow the cost to the dealer and shall add thereto a just 
and reasonable sum for his profit in the transaction. 

"The maximum prices so fixed and published shall not 
be construed as invalidating any contract in which prices 
are fixed, made in good faith, prior to the establishment 
and publication of maximum prices by the commission. 

"Whoever shall, with knowledge that the prices of any 
such commodity have been fixed as herein provided, ask, 
demand, or receive a higher price, or whoever shall, with 
knowledge that the regulations have been prescribed as 
herein provided, violate or refuse to conform to any of 
the same, shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine 
of not more than $5,000 or by imprisonment for not more 
than two years, or both. Each independent transaction 
shall constitute a separate offense. 

"Nothing in this section shall be construed as restricting 
or modifying in any manner the right the Government of 
the United States may have in its own behalf or in behalf 
of any other Government at war with Germany to pur- 
chase, requisition, or take over any such commodities 
for the equipment, maintenance, or support of armed 
forces at any price or upon any terms that may be agreed 
upon or otherwise lawfully determined." 



country, which also conferred upon the Executive control 
of the fuel supply. They are based upon the actual cost 
of production and are deemed to be not only fair and just 
but liberal as well. Under them the industry should no- 
where lack stimulation. 

Woolrow Wilson. 



Run of Prepared Slack or 

mine sizes screenings 

Pennsylvania $2.00 $2.25 $1.75 

Maryland 2.00 2.25 1.75 

West Virginia 2.00 2.25 1.75 

West Virginia (New River) . . 2.15 2.40 1.90 

Virginia 2.00 2.25 1.75 

Ohio (thick vein) 2.00 2.25 1.75 

Ohio (thin vein) 2.35 2.60 2.10 

Kentucky 1.95 2.20 1.70 

Kentucky (Jellico) 2.40 2.65 2.15 

Alabama (Big Seam) 1.90 2.15 1.65 

Alabama (Pratt, Jaeger and 

Corona) 2.15 2.40 1.90 

Alabama (Cahaba and Black 

Creek) 2.40 1.65 2.15 

Tennessee (eastern) 2.30 2.55 2.05 

Tennessee (Jellico) 2.40 2.65 2.15 

Indiana 1.95 2.20 1.70 

Illinois 1.95 2.20 1.70 

Illinois (third vein) 2.40 2.65 2.15 

Arkansas 2.65 2.90 2.40 

Iowa 2.70 2.95 2.45 

Kansas 2.55 2.80 2.30 

Missouri 2.70 2.95 2.45 

Oklahoma 3.05 3.30 2.80 

Texas 2.65 2.90' 2.40 

Colorado 2.45 2.70 2.20 

Montana 2.70 2.95 2.45 

New Mexico 2.40 2.65 2.15 

Wyoming 2.50 2.75 2.25 

Utah 2.60 2.85 2.35 

Washington 3.25 3.50 3.00 

NOTE — Prices are on f. o. b. mine basis for ton of 2,000 
pounds. 



The Prices Fixed by the President. 



Garfield's Appointment and Anthracite. 



This law was approved by the President August 10, 
1017. Eleven days later President Wilson promulgated 
the following maximum prices on bituminous coal: 

The White House. 
Washington, 21 August, 1917. 

"The following scale of prices is prescribed for bitu- 
minous coal at the mine in the several coal producing dis- 
tricts. It is provisional only. It is subject to reconsidera- 
tion when the whole method of administering the fuel 
supplies of the country shall have been satisfactorily or- 
ganized and put into operation. Subsequent measures 
will have as their object a fair and equitable control of 
the distribution of the supply and of the prices not only 
at the mines but also in the hands of the middlemen and 
the retailers. 

"The prices provisionally fixed here are fixed by my 
authority under the provisions of the recent Act of Con- 
gress regarding administration of the food supply of the 



Two days later H. A. Garfield, President of Williams 
College, Williamstown, Mass., was appointed Fuel Ad- 
ministrator and on the same date the President also 
fixed prices for anthracite on the following basis and 
jobbers' margins : 

The following regulations shall apply to the intrastate, 
interstate and foreign commerce of the United States, and 
the prices and margins referred to herein shall be in force 
pending further investigation or determination thereof by 
the President. 

jobbers' margins. 

1. A coal jobber is defined as a person (or other 
agency) who purchases and resells coal to coal dealers or 
to consumers without physically handling it on, over or 
through his own vehicle, dock, trestle, or yard. 

2. For the buying and selling of bituminous coal a 
jobber shall not add to his purchase price a gross margin 



12 



COAL MKX OF AMERICA 



in excess of 15 cents per ton of 2,000 pounds; nor shall the 
combined gross margins of any number of jobbers who 
buy and sell a given shipment or shipments of bituminous 
coal exceed 15 cents per ton of 2,090 pounds. 

3. For buying and selling anthracite coal a jobber shall 
not add to his purchase price a gross margin in excess of 
20 cents per ton of 2,240 pounds when delivery of such 
coal is to be effected at or east of Buffalo. For buying and 
selling anthracite coal for delivery west of Buffalo, a job- 
ber shall not add to his purchase price a gross margin in 
excess of 30 cents per ton of 2,240 pounds. The combined 
gross margins of any number of jobbers who buy and sell 
a given shipment or shipments of anthracite coal for de- 
livery at or east of Buffalo shall not exceed 20 cents per 
ton of 2,240 pounds; nor shall such combined margins 
exceed 30 cents per ton of 2,240 pounds for the delivery 
of anthracite coal west of Buffalo. Provided, that a job- 
ber's gross margin realized on a given shipment or ship- 
ments of anthracite coal may be increased by not more 
than 5 cents per ton of 2,240 pounds when the jobber 
incurs the expense of rescreening it at Atlantic or lake 
ports for trans-shipment by water. 

4. Effective Sept. 1, 1917, the maximum prices per ton 
of 2,240 pounds free on board cars at the mines for the 
grades and sizes of anthracite coal hereinafter specified 
shall not exceed the prices indicated in paragraph 5 when 
such coal is produced and sold by the Philadelphia & 
Reading Coal & Iron Co., Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., 
Lehigh & Wilkes-Barre Coal Co., Hudson Coal Co., Dela- 
ware & Hudson Co., Scranton Coal Co., Lehigh Valley 
Coal Co., Coxe Bros., Pennsylvania Coal Co., Hillside Coal 
& Iron Co., Delaware, Lackawanna & Western R. R. Co., 
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Coal Co., Susquehanna 
Coal Co., Susquehanna Collieries Co., Lytle Coal Co., or 
the M. A. Hanna Coal Co. 

5. The grades and sizes for which the maximum prices 
are specified are as follows: White ash anthracite coal of 
the grade that between Jan. 1, 1915, and Jan. 1, 1917, was 
uniformly sold and recognized in the coal trade as coal of 
white ash grade. Red ash anthracite coal of the grade 
that between Jan. 1, 1915, and Jan. 1, 1917, was uniformly 
sold and recognized in the trade as coal of red ash grade; 
and Lykens Valley anthracite coal that is mined exclu- 
sively from the Lykens Valley seams, and of the grade 
that between Jan. 1, 1915, and Jan. 1, 1917, was uniformly 
sold and recognized in the coal trade as coal of Lykens 
Valley grade. 

White ash grade. Red ash grade. Lykens Valley grade. 

Broken $4.55 Broken $4.75 Broken $5.00 

Egg 4.45 Egg 4.65 Egg 4.90 

Stove 4.70 Stove 4.90 Stove 5.30 

Chestnut ... 4.80 Chestnut ... 4.90 Chestnut ... 5.30 
Pea 4.00 Pea 4.10 Pea 4.35 

6. Producers of anthracite coal who are not specified in 
paragraph 4 shall not sell the various grades and sizes of 
anthracite coal at prices that exceed by more than 75 cents 
per ton of 2,240 pounds free on board cars at the mines 
the prices enumerated in paragraph 5. Provided, that any 
producer of anthracite coal who incurs the expense of re- 
screening it at Atlantic or lake ports for trans-shipment 
by water may increase the price thereof by not more than 
5 cents per ton of 2,240 pounds. 

7. Producers of anthracite coal specified in paragraph 4 
of these regulations shall not sell anthracite coal to pro- 
ducers of anthracite coal not specified in paragraph 4. 

8. Deaters and selling agents shall not resell coal pro- 
duced by the producers included in paragraph 4 on the 



basis of the prices fixed at the mine for coal produced by 

producers not specified in said paragraph. 

Woodrow Wilson. 
The White House, 23 August, 1917. 

These margins, while acceptable to jobbers in certain 
parts of the country, were bitterly opposed by those in 
other sections and the status of the jobber is one of the 
most interesting questions that lias been at issue since 
federal regulation became effective. 

Apportioning Coal and Regulating Retail Prices. 

Shortly after his appointment Dr. Garfield announced 
bis general scheme for the apportionment of the coal 
supply and the regulations of retail prices. This plan 
provided first, for the appointment of a Federal, or 
State, Fuel Administrator in each state to represent the 
Fuel Administration, together with a committee of 
citizens to act with the State Administrator; second, the 
appointment by the .State Administrator of committees 
to represent the Administration in each county of the 
state and in each city having more than 2,500 popula- 
tion, or such other population as the. State Fuel Admin- 
istration might determine. It was provided that the 
State Administrator and state committee should be 
chosen by Dr. Garfield, with the approval of the Presi- 
dent, and that the county and city committees were to 
be chosen by the State Administrators. 

"The state committee," said Dr. Garfield in announc- 
ing this plan, "will at once ascertain the amount of 
coal in the state available for use during the coming 
winter, and the amount of coal needed to meet any de- 
ficiency in the supply based on last year's consumption. 
It will be the duty of the various committees to ascer- 
tain and report to the Fuel Administration the reason- 
able retail margins. These margins when duly fixed 
by order, together with the cost at the mine, named by 
the President, the transportation charge, and the job- 
ber's commission when sold through the jobber, will 
constitute the price to the consumer." 

Against this general plan no particular objection was 
raised, but pointed exception was taken to the provision 
that "no person will be appointed either as a state rep- 
resentative or on any of these committees, or on any 
committees mentioned below, that is connected with the 
local coal industry." Retail coal men felt that this was 
an undeserved slur upon the integrity of the industry 
and that the failure to appoint practical coal men. if 
not as Administrators, at least in an advisory capacity, 
militated against the successful prosecution of the gpVi 
eminent plan for retail regulation. These protests at 
that time, however, met with no success.., 

On October 1. 1917, the Fuel Administration at 
Washington announced its order {riving the maximum 
gross margins of retail coal merchants. This order 
defined a retail coal merchant as "every person, part- 
nership, corporation or association physically receivimr. 



13 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



handling and delivering coal or coke to consumers, as 
a retail coal or coke dealer within the meaning of this 
order." Eetail margins were defined as: 

"First, The difference between the price charged by 
a retail coal or coke dealer to the consumer and the aver- 
age cost of coal or coke to such retailer, f. o. b. railroad 
cars at his railroad siding, yard, pocket or trestle, when 
such coal or coke is received by him by rail. 

"Second, The difference between the price charged by 
a retail coal or coke dealer to the consumer and the 
average cost of coal or coke to such retailer free along- 
side his wharf, pocket or yard when such coal or coke is 
received by him by water. 

"Third, The difference between the price charged by 
a retail coal or coke dealer to the consumer and the 
average cost of coal or coke to such retailer at whole- 
saler's pockets, trestles, railroad siding, mines, tipples, 
dumps, docks, yards and wharfs." 

First Method of Figuring Gross Margins. 

The order provided that the maximum gross mar- 
gin should not exceed the average gross margin on the 
same size and grade of coal or coke for each class of 
business during the year ending December 31, 1915, 
plus 30 per cent, of such margin for the year 1915, with 
the further provision that this margin should in no 
case exceed the margin in effect during July, 1917. This 
order created as much discontent and dissatisfaction 
among the retail trade as had the maximum prices f. o. 
b. mines among the producers and the jobbers' commis- 
sion regulations among the wholesalers. It developed 
that in many sections of the country 1915 had been a 
year of unusual competition between retail coal mer- 
chants, so that prices had been depressed below their 
normal levels. Further practical objection was inter- 
posed that in many cases records of 1915 operations 
had not been preserved and that in a great number of 
instances the records that did exist were in such shape 
that they could not fairly be used as a basis, because 
many retailers at that time had not given the subject of 
cost accounting the attention it deserved. Furthermore, 
the limiting proviso of July, 1917, margins as a max- 
imum was attacked as putting an additional unfair bur- 
den upon the retail trade, because it had been the cus- 
tom of many retailers to make a lower price during the 
summer months than during the balance of the year so 
that they might keep their teams and men employed. 

Appeals to the Fuel Administration at Washington 
were met with the response that any objections to the 
October 1st plan would have to be referred to the State 
1 Fuel Administrations, all of which had not at that time 
been appointed. Chicago became the center of the piv- 
otal attack upon the October 1st order. The Chicago 
Coal Merchants' Association, representing the leading 
retailers of that city, insisted that the order was unfair, 
unjust and unworkable. The contention was made that 



the order, if literally enforced, would compel the re- 
tailers to accept margins that would not be properly 
remunerative, for not only had the 1915 prices been 
greatly depressed in that city, but it was contended 
there, as in many other places, that the 30 per cent, 
increase granted over the 1915 margins did not fairly 
represent the actual increase in the cost of conducting 
business as between the two periods. The legal point 
was raised that the order was contrary to' the section of 
the Lever Act, from which Dr. Garfield derived his 
powers, in that that section provided "that the prices to 
be paid for such products shall be based upon a fair and 
just profit," and that "in fixing such prices for dealers 
the commission shall allow the cost to the dealer and 
shall add thereto a just and reasonable sum for his profit 
in the transaction." 

Chicago System Finally Adopted. 

The State Fuel Administration of Illinois, before 
whom the problem was placed, passed it on to the con- 
sideration of the Cook County Advisor, Raymond E. 
Durham. Mr. Durham asked the coal men to lay all 
their facts and figures before him, and as a result of 
his investigation of the situation presented to him, 
the 30 per cent, basis of the October 1st order was cast 
aside for the principle of gross margins based upon 
existing costs of doing business. This basis as made 
effective in Chicago November 10, 1917, has since been 
generally adopted throughout the country. 

The Status of the Jobber. 

As has been indicated, one of the storm centers in the 
question of regulation has been the status of the coal 
jobber or wholesaler. This branch of the industry has 
felt itself particularly circumscribed with the various 
limitations placed upon its activities, not only by the 
regulations of the Fuel Administration, but also by 
the fact that the great demand for coal from all sides, a 
demand where the buyer has sought, the seller, instead 
of the seller the buyer, has deprived it of a large share 
of the tonnage that was formerly distributed through 
jobbing channels. Prior to the Lane-Peabody price 
agreement, the jobber who either represented the smaller 
producers whose tonnage did not justify the mainte- 
nance of an independent sales organization, large pro- 
ducers in distributing centers far removed from the 
mines, or handled surplus output of producing com- 
panies that also maintained selling organizations or 
functioned in all three cases, had received, in the ma- 
jority of cases at least, his compensation out of the mine 
price. In other words, the price to the consumer was 
presumably the same, whether he purchased his coal 
from the operator or through a jobber. Indeed one of 
the most frequent complaints of producing interests an- 



14 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



tagonistic to the jobbing element of the trade was that 
consumers could buy their coal from a jobber at a price 
lower than that made by the operators in the same field. 
The I.ane-lVabody agreement fixed maximum compen- 
sation for the jobber at 25 cents per ton over and above 
the maximum mine price. 

From this point the real struggles of the jobber for 
an existence began. The addition of the commission to 
tne mine price would, of course, under normal condi- 
tions place the jobber at a disadvantage in competition 
for trade, but under the stress of wartime circumstances 
it operated to deprive him of a portion of his tonnage 
through the creation of new sales companies affiliated 
with the producing interests. These companies would 
absorb the extra 25 cents. Aside from this the status 
of the jobber was made artificial : heretofore it had been 
possible to draw a broad line between the production 
and the distribution of coal; the two divisions were sep- 
arate and distinct and in many cases were handled by- 
two unrelated organizations. The jobber's plea for 
consideration rested upon the basis that he was per- 
forming a service not rendered by the producer from 
whom he purchased his coal. It was on this theory 
presumably that such producers had given him prices 
below the mine basis to the consumer or retailer. The 
President's proclamation, while recognizing the jobber 
as an institution, reduced his commission and contin- 
ued his artificial- status by telling him to look to the 
purchaser instead of the seller for his remuneration. 

The difficulties of the jobber were further increased 
by a number of restrictive regulations, governing the 
juices at which coal purchased from the mine prior to 
August 21, 1917, but not sold to the consumer, and on 
coal sold to the jobber's customers and the consumer 
prior to that date, but not purchased from the mine, 
might be invoiced. These regulations provided that the 
jobber, who had comtracted to buy coal at or below the 
maximum government price, but had no contract to 
sell such coal, should not dispose of it at a price higher 
than the contract figure plus the jobber's commission. 
At the >ame time, the jobber who had a contract for 
delivery to his customer at a price higher than the gov- 
ernment maximum plus the jobber's commission was 
prohibited from filling this with coal purchased at the 
government price, while a jobber having a contract to 
purchase coal at a price in excess of the government 
maximum when not protected by a contract with his 
own customer antedating August 23 was forced to sell 
such coal at the government maximum plus the jobber's 
commission. 

Although certain modifications were later made in a 
portion of these rules, the general restrictions, both 
because QI these regulations and the sales conditions pic- 
tured, showed no material relaxation. While it is gen- 
erally conceded by all of the jobbing interests that an 
ideal solution would have been: 



First, to establish a flat mine price to be paid by 
the ultimate carload buyer, whether purchase was 
made from an operator or jobbing company. 

Second, that the jobber receive proper compensa- 
tion from the producing company, and, 

Third, that the producing companies be required to 
distribute through the jobbing channels the same per- 
centage of their tonnage that they had distributed 
prior to the war. 

Assent of the producing interests to such a program 
seemed so remote that when in February, 1918, Dr. 
Garfield announced that beginning April 1st jobbers' 
commissions would be abolished and a flat mine price 
established, leaving the jobber to look to the operator 
for such allowances from the government maximum as 
the operator might see fit to make, the jobbing interests 
declared that their very existence was at stake and 
started such a campaign against the enforcement of this 
regulation that the order was finally withdrawn before 
it ever became effective and the much criticised pur- 
chasing agent scheme was substituted in its stead. This 
plan, incorporated in the Presidential proclamation 
under date of March 15, 1918, required all persons, 
firms, corporations and associations, "except those spe- 
cifically exempt by the Lever Act, producers and miners 
of coal and manufacturers of coke, distributing exclu- 
sively their own product and retail dealers engaged in 
the business of distributing coal or coke as jobber, 
broker, seller, purchasing agent, wholesaler, or in any 
capacity whatsoever" to secure a license to do business. 
The regulations issued by Fuel Administrator Garfield 
regarding the licensing of distributors deprived a li- 
censee owning the coal sold of the right to charge in 
excess of the government price, except in the case of 
re-screened anthracite, and allowed him, when acting as 
a purchasing agent of coal for and by authority of the 
retail dealer or consumer, to charge 15 cents per net ton 
on bituminous, 5 per cent, of the delivered price on 
smithing, 20 cents per gross ton on anthracite east of 
Buffalo, and 30 cents per gross ton on deliveries west 
of Buffalo, plus 5 cents when licensee incurred the ex- 
pense of re-screening at Atlantic or lake ports for trans- 
shipment by water. It also provided that where more 
than one purchasing agent licensee was involved in the 
transaction the combined brokerage charge should not 
exceed the figures above given. Special regulations have 
since been issued with respect to the handling of lake 
cargo coal. 

The practical effect of the licensing regulation has 
been to compel every jobber to act as a purchasing 
agent, as the cases where he has been able to derive his 
compensation from the operator ami so sell at the max- 
imum government price have been exceptional. Al- 
though various efforts have been made to change the 
situation, they were unsuccessful. 



15 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



The Production Plan of 1918. 

For the first eight months of its existence, aside from 
its campaigns for conservation, including the lightless 
nights orders and the restrictions on consumption with- 
in certain industries, the work of the United States 
Fuel Administration was primarily one of price regu- 
lation. The severity of weather conditions during the 
winter of 1917-18 caused it to exercise a species of piece- 
meal control over distribution, but the supervision was 
largely confined to special commandeering of shipments 
to meet local individual conditions. With the begin- 
ning of the coal year of 1918-19, however, the Fuel Ad- 
ministration, co-operating with the United States Rail- 
road Administration, took complete charge of distribu- 
tion through the promulgation of the zoning system for 
the movement of bituminous coal, while the Anthracite 
Committee of the Fuel Administration reached the 
same end with respect to anthracite distribution by the 
allotment system first announced in May, 1918. 

As has been indicated in a preceding paragraph, be- 
fore the World War the distribution of coal had been 
unhampered by governmental regulation. Economic and 
transportation conditions had led to a predominating 
westbound movement of tonnage, but, except for the 
absence of favorable rates, there was no prohibition 
against a reversal of this process. Indeed, under the 
stress of the war demands of the eastern states, Illinois 
coal moved to Connecticut and New York, to Michigan 
and to Canada. The widespread western distribution 
of eastern coal and the trans-Mississippi sale of Illinois 
coal had been fostered and encouraged by the railroad 
companies serving the various mining fields. The Fuel 
Administration, following the bitter experiences of the 
winter of 1917-18, when the transportation breakdown 
and pronounced car shortage had intensified the coal 
difficulties of the country, determined that production 
could be increased and transportation facilities con- 
served by limiting, as far as possible, the sale of coal 
from a particular district or districts to the territory 
most adjacent to such mining centers. 

Zone System of Distribution. 

"Heretofore/' to quote the words of the Fuel Admin- 
istration in making public this plan, "coal has been dis- 
tributed practically without regard to the distance be- 
tween the mine and the consumer. Under the zone sys- 
tem coal will be distributed to consuming territory un- 
der restrictions that will avoid as far as possible waste 
of transportation facilities, but nevertheless consistent 
with the maintenance of the greatest possible produc- 
tion and a proper coal supply to all coal users. We 
must have adequate coal supply in order to win the war, 
for otherwise we can not make munitions or other war 
supplies or build ships or use them when built. 



"The general effect of the zone system is to restrict 
eastern coal to eastern markets and to fill the vacancy 
in the central and western states with near-by coal pro- 
duced in those states. In addition to the saving in 
transportation, the system will provide for the possible 
retention of something like 5,000,000 tons of coal for 
the eastern states which have heretofore gone west, all 
rail. As an indication of the saving to be effected by 
the system, it will eliminate the movement of more than 
2,000,000 tons of Pocahontas coal to Chicago and other 
western points over a haul of about 660 miles. Chicago 
can obtain this tonnage of coal, and under this system 
must obtain most of it, from southern Illinois mines, 
with an average haul of 312 miles. Allowing for the 
differences in quality in the two coals there will be thus 
saved 11,400,000 car miles, or very conservatively fig- 
ured 285,000 car days. This will permit 14 additional 
round trips of 20 days each from West Virginia mines 
to zone destinations, permitting an additional produc- 
tion of at least 700,000 tons of Pocahontas coal. 

"Similar comparisons show that on the movement of 
550,000 tons annually from Kanawha districts to Wis- 
. consin points there can be saved about 2,500,000 car 
miles, or with a consequent increased production of 
some 300,000 tons. On the movement from southeast- 
ern Kentucky to Chicago the saving will be about 
800,000 car miles and 50,000 tons production. The 
elimination of the Indiana to Iowa movement will save 
], 600,000 car miles and permit 100,000 tons additional 
production. These are only a few of the instances of 
transportation saving to be effected by the system. 

"The movement of bituminous coal which is regu- 
lated by the zone system is about 300,000,000 tons, or 
60 per cent, of the total production. Based on this pro- 
duction there will be saved on the round trip from and 
to the mines almost 160,000,000 car miles. This will 
permit the same cars to make almost 300,000 addi- 
tional trips from the mines, equivalent to an increase 
of five per cent, in the production. The increase in 
total production in 1917 over 1916 resulting from all 
efforts was about eight per cent. 

"A large part of the coal which the system will pre- 
vent from moving west out of the eastern producing dis- 
tricts will be available for use in New England, inso- 
far as it can be transported there. Production in the 
districts supplying New England via all-rail routes can 
be increased somewhat, but there is difficulty in mov- 
ing by all-rail routes the amount of coal needed and the 
capacity of the rail gateways to New England has been 
nearly reached. Improvements now being made will 
increase the capacity of the Poughkeepsie bridge route, 
but it is impossible to escape the conclusion that pro- 
vision must be made for a larger movement by water 
in 1918 than in 1917 or New England and its people 
and industries will suffer. 

"The restrictions imposed upon the movement of coal 
by the zone system will make necessary some readjust- 



16 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



ments in fuel practices in various communities affected 
by these restrictiona. The Fuel Admisistrator confi- 
dently expects the patriotic co-operation of every coal 
consumer who may be inconvenienced by the use of fuel 
to which he is not accustomed. The vast purposes to be 
served by the savings which the system effects will un- 
doubtedly command the support of every user of coal." 
The zoning plan divided the producing districts and 
Great Lakes' docks, with the exception of those in the 
Rocky Mountain and Pacific Coast states, into 13 dis- 
tricts, each designated by letters. In brief, these zones 
were as follows: 

Zone A — Producing districts in Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, 
Missouri and Oklahoma. 

Zone B — Lake Michigan and Lake Superior Coal Docks. 

Zone C — Illinois mines. 

Zone D — Indiana mines. 

Zone E— Western Kentucky mines. 

Zone F — Virginia mines on Louisville & Nashville R. R.; 
eastern Kentucky mines on Louisville & Nashville, the 
Cincinnati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific and short line 
connections; Tennessee mines on the Cumberland Valley 
division of the Louisville & Nashville and on the Middles- 
borough R. R. 

Zone G — Tennessee and Georgia mines; Kentucky mines 
of the Louisville & Nashville main line and branches con- 
necting at and south of Corbin and on the Cincinnati, New 
Orleans & Texas Pacific south of Somerset; all Black 
Mountain and Stonega district mines in Lee, Wise and 
western Russell counties in Virginia, on the Louisville & 
Nashville, Virginia & Southwestern, Interstate, Norfolk & 
Western, Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio railroads and their 
short line connections. 

Zone H — Alabama mines. 

Zone K — Ohio mines. 

Zone L — West Virginia high volatile field; mines on the 
Kanawha & Michigan, Kanawha & West Virginia and Coal 
& Coke (west of Dundon) railways. 

Zone M— West Virginia high volatile and Kentucky dis- 
tricts in the Thacker, Kenova and Kanawha fields on the 
Norfolk & Western and Chesapeake & Ohio railways and 
Kentucky mines in the eastern Kentucky districts on the 
Chesapeake & Ohio, Sandy Valley & Elkhorn and Norfolk 
& Western railways and connections. 

Zone N— Low volatile fields of West Virginia and Vir- 
ginia, viz., mines in the Pocahontas, Tug River and New 
River districts on the Norfolk & Western, Chesapeake & 
Ohio and Virginian railways and short line connections; 
mines in the high volatile Clinch Valley district in Taze- 
well and eastern Russell counties, Virginia along the Nor- 
folk & Western and Virginian railways. 

Zone N— All mines in northern West Virginia, Pennsyl- 
vania and Maryland on the Baltimore & Ohio, Western 
Maryland and Coal & Coke railways. 

Except for the movement of railroad fuel, coal via 
inland waterways other than the Great Lakes (move- 
ment to which, for trans-shipment only, was confined 
to coals from mines in the Pittsburgh, Connellsville, 
Westmoreland, Altcona, Meyersdale or northern Penn- 
sylvania districts: Fairmont, Kanawha. Kenova- 
Thaeker. New River, Pocahontas. West Virginia dis- 
trict-;: Ohio; Hazard and Mc Roberts fields, and L. & 



N. and ('.. \. <). & T. P. mines in southern Kentucky) 
and coal, moving under permit from the United States 
Fuel Administration for gas, by-products, metallur- 
gical and smithing purposes, the limitations placed upon 
the sources of supply from which each state could draw 
by this plan were as follows: 

Consuming State. Producing Zones Open to State. 

Alabama G*, H. 

Arkansas A, C*, E*, H*. 

Arizona S* *. 

California S* -\ 

Colorado S* *. 

Delaware P. 

District of Columbia.. N, P. 

Florida G*, P. 

Georgia G. H. 

Idaho S* *. 

Illinois C, D*, E*. 

Indiana C*, D*, E*. F*, K*. L*, M*. 

Iowa A*, B*, C*. 

Kansas A. 

Kentucky C*, D*, E*, F*, M*, N*. 

Louisiana A*, C*, E, H. 

Maryland P. 

Michigan B (upper peninsula), D*. F (lower 

peninsula), K*, L (lower penin- 
sula, M (lower peninsula). 

Minnesota B, C*. 

Mississippi E, H. 

Missouri A, C*. 

Montana S* *. 

Nebraska A and Colorado and Wyoming* 

mines. 

Nevada S* *. 

New England States.. N (water movement), P. 

New Jersey N (water movement), P. 

New Mexico S* *. 

New York N (water movement), P. 

North Carolina G, N. 

North Dakota B, and North Dakota, Montana 

and Wyoming. 

Ohio F*, K*, M*, N*, P (Pennsylvania 

and West Virginia, Panhandle 
districts only). 

Oklahoma A. 

Oregon 8* *. 

Pennsylvania P. 

South Dakota B, C* and North Dakota, Wyom- 
ing and Montana. 

Tennessee C*, E*, G*, H*. 

Texas A*, E*. H*. 

South Carolina G, N*. 

Utah S* *. 

Virginia Q*. M*, N. 

Washington S* *. 

West Virginia L°, M*, N*, P. 

Wisconsin Q*, C*, D*, E*. 

Wyoming S* *. 



"Indicates that only a portion of the state is open to 
zone named; where territory has been so limited, detailed 
boundaries have been defined by the Fuel Administration. 

■"Arbitrary designation, not listed in Fuel Administra- 
tion order, but covering the mines in Colorado, Montana, 
New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming, to 



17 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



which, under the general order of zoning, the Rocky 
Mountain and Pacific Coast states must look for their 
fuel supplies. 

While there have been a manlier of modifications in 
the boundaries of the territories open to each of the pro- 
ducing zones since the system was first promulgated, 
in its essential outlines it remained without alteration. 
The modifications effected have been the result of in- 
creased production within particular zones,' such as in 
Zone C, necessitating a widening of the markets to 
which Illinois coal could be shipped, or a narrowing 
of the limits because of increased demand in territory 
more or less contiguous to the mines. How radical the 
steps taken have been will appear from a comparison of 
the zone limits with the pre-war sources of supplies 
shown under individual state headings later. 

The United States Fuel Administration. 

At the time the United States Fuel Administration 
was first organized, in the late summer of 1917, the 
sentiment of the coal trade towards it could not be said 
to be overly cordial. This was traceable in part to the 
political criticisms that were indulged in prior to the 
passage of the Lever Act and to the fact that, at the 
outset, the personnel, if not anti-coal, was largely made 
up of men who were without practical experience in the 
Tamils branches of the coal industry. This has been 
changed. Eesponsible positions have been filled by 
practical coal men with an increasing smoothness of 
operation and a deepening respect for the plans and 
policies of the Administration on the part of the coal 
trade. This was strikingly emphasized in the results 
obtained in the campaign to increase production under- 
taken in the summer of 1918, when the bituminous coal 
increase for July, August and September over the cor- 
responding months in 1917 was over 17 per cent. 

Although federal regulation has touched almost every 
phase of the coal industry, its outstanding features may 
be summarized as follows: 

1. Eegulation of Prices. 

2. Eegulation of Distribution. 

3. Eegulation of Production. 

1. Eegulation of prices has covered the sale of coal 
from the mine to the retailer. While the initial price 
fixing for the mines under the Lever Act was hastily 
■executed and in the majority of cases unsatisfactory to 
the producers, subsequent modifications made by the 
United States Fuel Administration have placed the 
schedules upon a basis that is, for the most part, ac- 
cepted as just and reasonable by the operators from the 
cost basis. The weakness of the government scheme 
lies in a substantial disregard of figures from the quality 
nasis of prices. Looking at the question from the cost of 



producing coal, rather than from the intrinsic quality 
of the coal produced, it has frequently happened that 
coals which under normal times commanded higher 
prices in the open market because of their superior qual- 
ities are subject to a lower maximum selling price than 
less attractive coals that may, because of thinness of 
seam or other mining conditions, cost more per ton to 
produce. Criticism has also been made because of the 
narrow spread betwen the prices on prepared sizes and 
1 those applicable upon ran of mine. Many mines in the 
past have spent vast sums in building plants to improve 
the preparation of the coal mined and this was not 
taken into account in the original prices. Some recog- 
nition has been given to this since that time, however, 
in the extra allowance made for special preparation. 

The regulation of prices from the point of view of the 
jobber has been less successful. While, upon certain 
classes of business, the 15-cent commission originally 
allotted would have been ample, upon other classes, and 
particularly scattered domestic tonnage in central and 
western states, it has proved non-compensatory. The 
artificial status of the jobber under the first plan, as 
well as the purchasing agency scheme, has been dis- 
cussed more in detail in earlier paragraphs. To this, 
as a factor, must be added the volume of tonnage han- 
dled. This, as has been pointed out, has been curtailed 
so that commissions remunerative under a normal vol- 
ume of business have become otherwise with a reduction 
in tonnage. 

Eetail price regulation has, in the long run, turned 
out to be a financial benefit to the retail coal merchant. 
The basis first announced, 130 per cent, of the 1915 
gross margins, was unworkable and soon discredited for 
the fixing of margins based upon actual, present day 
costs. As in the case of mine prices this system of reg- 
ulation has forced upon the coal men a closer study of 
the costs of doing business. E. N. Hurley, when chair- 
man of the Federal Trade Commission, began the 
preaching of this doctrine of "know your costs" to the 
business men of the country; the price fixing under 
the Fuel Administration drove home to the coal men 
the necessity of embracing this doctrine. 

2. Until the promulgation of the zoning scheme, reg- 
ulation of distribution was piece-meal, conflicting and 
confusing. Although the zoning plan has meant the 
disruption of many long established trade relations, it 
has accomplished its purpose of saving transportation 
and thereby increasing production. It has not, however, 
stopped with zoning for producing districts in the bitu- 
minous coal fields and the allotment to states of definite 
quotas of anthracite for domestic consumption, but has 
been augmented further, first by the priority classifica- 
tions of the War Industries Board, which has determined 
the relative right of various industries, public utilities 
and domestic consumers to receive coal and, second, by 
the storage limitation orders of the United States Fuel 
Administration, which have fixed the maximum amount 



18 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



of coal industries in different parts of the country may 
have in storage at any one time. Anthracite distribu- 
tion lias been further controlled by Washington in the 
utterance of an order requiring a dealer to make deliv- 
eries of two-thirds* to all householders consuming four 
tons or more before any consumer receives his entire 
quota of this fuel and this scheme has been further 
expanded in individual communities by limiting deliv- 
eries to consumers with specified types of heating equip- 
ment. In many cases, it has been ordered that a cer- 
tain percentage of bituminous coal must he bought in 
order to receive anthracite. In some states communities 
hare been deprived of anthracite altogether. 

•'!. Aside from the aid to production in the zoning 
plan the United States Fuel Administration launched 
an intensive personal campaign among the mine work- 
ers and mine managers to induce them to boost output 
as an aid to winning the war. This work, under the 
direction of .lames B. Neale, assisted by a corps of prac- 
tical coal men, has been very successful. In addition to 



swelling production, special efforts have been made to 
increase the value of the actual coal supply of the coun- 
try by teaching economy in consumption in house- 
holders and industrial consumers and, in some cases, 
coal supplies to certain lines of industry have been cur- 
tailed or entirely cut off. 

Although the general powers of the United State's 
Fuel Administration, as now constituted under the pro- 
visions of the Lever Act "shall cease to he in effect when 
the existing state of war between the United States and 
Germany shall have terminated, and the fact and date 
of such termination shall he ascertained and proclaimed 
by the President/' it seems probable that some degree 
of supervision will be exercised for some time after 
the President's proclamation. 

There are economic and legal points involved in the 
return of coal to a peace basis that are beyond the scope 
of this introduction. Whatever the outcome this is cer- 
tain : The coal industry during the Great War was rec- 
ognized for what it is, the World's Greatest Industry. 



Coal Industry Better Understood 



A Short Statement from Washington. 



The most fateful thing that can happen to an in- 
dustry is to be generally misunderstood. That un- 
doubtedly was the position of the coal industry prior to 
the war. As far as the public was concerned, a pall of 
the densest ignorance overhung the mining, the whole- 
saling and retailing of coal. With this ignorance went 
the usual concomitants — impatience, dissatisfaction, 
unfairness, and community, yes. national anger. 

The war itself brought on a tremendous strain on 
every part of the industry and much suffering thai 
could hardly be avoided. Then came inquiry, then 
the facts, then the light of understanding. The fierce 
white light of publicity beat in upon this industry which 
is so essential to civilization. The people began to see 
the difficulties with which the miners, the operators 
and the retailers had to contend. It suddenly dawned 
upon the public what an important and necessary fac- 
tor coal was to our very lives, our civilization. Then 
came the magnificent response of the miners to our 



war needs, a thing unparalleled in our history; also 
came the sacrifice of the individual so that the war 
could be carried on successfully and to such a glorious 
finish, and there is no brighter page in history than 
this. Finally came the great conservation movement 
with 'its saving of millions of tons through intelligent 
effort. 

The result today is that the entire industry is better 
understood than ever before; the doubt which led to 
misgivings and anger have disappeared and the peace 
and content that always ought to exist between a great 
industry and the people has been achieved. 

1 1 is now your problem — made easier than ever be- 
fore after coming through the fire of ordeal. What are 
you going to do about it? 

Van H. MANNING, 

Director Bureau of .Mines. 

Department of the Interior. 



19 



ALABAMA 



ALABAMA, which ranks high among the Southern 
states in the production of coal, leads all of the 
commonwealths in that section of the country in 
the consumption of fuel within its own borders. Secon- 
darily this may he attributed to the iron and steel enter- 
prises that have given its principal city the significant 
designation, "the Pittsburgh of the South," but primar- 
ily the home utilization of its vast ore deposits is due to 
the high quality coking coals mined from the beds 
within the state. This is illustrated in striking fashion 
by a comparison of the operations in the three leading 
iron ore states. Minnesota, with no coal of its own, 
marketed 32,545,236 long tons of ore in 1916, but had 
only three blast furnaces ; Michigan, with a small coal 
production, marketed 13,664,437 long tons of iron ore 
and had 12 blast furnaces reporting, while Alabama, 
with an iron ore production of 5,134,995 long tons — 
third in the list of iron producing states — reported 47 
furnaces. 

From the point of view of fuel consumption Alabama is 
.self-sustaining to a degree approached by but one other 
major coal producing state. Exclusive of railroad fuel 
and steamship bunker coal, approximately 49 per cent, 
of the Alabama production is burned within the state. 
Home consumption records are, it is true, ex- 
ceeded by half a dozen other states upon a per- 
centage record, but not upon actual tonnage fig- 
ures. The remarkable fact, however, is that the 49 per 
cent, of the Alabama production referred to represented 
more than 97.6 per cent, of the total bituminous coal 
consumed in 1915 by general industrial and domestic 
users in that state. While Alabama was giving such 
signal recognition to home products, 15 other states, ex- 
tending from the Pacific to the Atlantic coast, were 
also testifying to the worth of the Alabama fuel, con- 
suming, during the period named, 14 per cent, of the 
Alabama output. The railroads used 34 per cent, and 3 
per cent, was shipped to tidewater. 

The coal fields of Alabama, covering an area of ap- 
proximately 6,000 square miles in the northern part of 
the state, form the southwestern end of the Appalachian 
coal region. The United States Geological Survey di- 
vides the fields into four distinct coal producing basins, 
viz., the Coosa, Cahaba, Warrior and Plateau. The 
first three are named after the rivers that drain them, 
while the Plateau field includes Blount, Lookout and 



Sand (or Kacoon) mountains. The general location, 
area and characteristics of these divisions are described 
oy the Survey as follows: 

"The Coosa basin is a deep syncline forming the 
southeastern margin of the Alabama coal fields and ex- 
tending across Shelby and St. Clair counties. It is 60 
miles long by six miles wide and contains about 350 
square miles. This basin has not been thoroughly ex- 
plored and the number and extent of its coal beds are 
not well known, but, in different parts, two to 12 beds 
are reported having a thickness of three feet or more. 

"The Cahaba basin is also a syncline west of the 
Coosa basin, to which it is parallel and from which it is 
separated by a faulted anticline. It includes parts of 
St. Clair, Jefferson, Shelby and Bibb counties. Its 
length is 68 miles, its average width about six miles and 
its area 394 square miles. There are many workable 
beds and the total quantity of coal in the basin is large. 

"The Warrior basin is separated from the Cahaba 
basin and Blount mountains by Jones and Murphrees 
valleys. It includes all of Walker county, most of Jef- 
ferson, Tuscaloosa and Fayette counties, and smaller 
parts of Bount, Cullman, Winston and Marion counties. 
Its known area is estimated at 4,000 square miles. 

"The Plateau field embraces parts of Blount, Etowah, 
Dekalb, Cherokee, Marshall and Jackson counties and is 
upward of 3,000 square miles in extent. The coal re- 
sources of this field are not well known, but they are 
comparatively small. There are believed to be from four 
to six beds that are locally workable." 

Of the divisions named, the Warrior basin has been 
and is by far the most important commercially. It con- 
tains the famous Blue Creek, Mary Lee and Pratt beds, 
from which are produced coking coals that have made 
Alabama one of the most important iron producing 
states. Over 60 per cent, of the total production in the 
Birmingham district comes from these three beds, their 
percentage contributions to the total ranking in reverse 
order to the naming in the sentence preceding. Eight 
or ten other beds furnish the remainder of the pro- 
duction. 

The earliest record of coal production in Alabama 
dates back to 1834. Output was first reported in the 
United States Census for 1840, when the state, among 
the first to have production recorded, was credited with 



20 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



an output of 946 tons. Figures between that date and 
I860 are estimated in the government reports. In 1860, 
according to Census figures, the production was ] 0,200 
tnii>. Actual records are again lacking until 1870, when 
an increase of only 800 tons over 1860 was reported. 
Expansion of production proceeded at a modest pace un- 
til 1874, when the output was 44,800 tons, against 16,800 
tons the year preceding. Between 1873 and 1882, pro- 
duction advanced to 896,000 tons. The development of 
the iron resources of the Birmingham district, which 
began on a large scale in 1883, pushed production up to 
1,568,000 tons. Output since that date is shown in the 
following table : 



Year. Ton. 

1884 2,240,000 

1885 2,492,000 

1886 1,800,000 

1887 1,950,000 

1888 2,900,000 

1889 3,572,983 

1890 4,090.409 

1891 4,759,781 

1892 5,529,312 

1893 5,136,935 

1894 4,397,178 

1895 5,693,775 

1896 5,748,697 

1897 5,893,770 

1898 6,535,283 

1899 7,593,416 

1900 8,394,275 



Year. * Ton. 

1901 9,099,052 

1902 10,354,570 

1903 11,654,324 

1904 11,262,046 

1905 11,866,069 

1906 13,107,963 

1907 14,250,454 

1908 11,604,593 

1909 13,703,450 

1910 16,111,462 

1911 15,021,421 

1912 16,100,600 

1913 17,678,522 

1914 15,593,422 

1915 14.927,937 

1916 18,086,197 



Figures covering detailed distribution for 1915, the 
only year prior to the war for which statistics are avail- 
able, show that the total production in Alabama at that 
time was 14,927,937 tons. Of this tonnage, 7,347,886 
tons were consumed within the state: 535,340 were 
burned at the mines, 289,239 tons were sold locally, 
1,780,872 tons were coked at the mines, while 4,742,435 
tons were shipped to points within the state. The rail- 
roads purchased 5,072,435 tons. Tidewater shipment 
(23.641 tons for foreign export, 319,307 for foreign 
bunker and 160,951 tons for domestic bunker) accounted 
for 503,899 tons. 

Louisiana was the largest interstate customer that 
year, using 717,437 tons out of the total of 2,003.; 11 
tons shipped interstate. Mississippi came second with 
596,218 tons; Georgia, third, 363,572 tons. Arkansas 
received 10,450 tons; California. 292 ; Florida, 108,782 ; 
Missouri, 3,519; the Carolinas, 475; Oklahoma, 713; 
Oregon, 190; Tennessee, 161,754; Texas, 39,987; Vir- 
ginia, 307 tons, and Washington, 21 tons. 

As mentioned in an earlier paragraph, over 97. (i per 
cent, of the total bituminous coal consumption of Ala- 
bama is taken care of by the mines in the state. The 
1915 bituminous coal consumption (exclusive of railroad 
and' steamship business) totaled 7,524,540 tons. Ala- 
bama furnished 7,347,886 tons ; Georgia, 36 ; Kentucky. 
56,913 ; Tennessee. 48,942 ; Virginia, 67,961, and West 
Virginia, 2,800 tons. In addition, the state called upon 
Pennsylvania for 8.100 tons of anthracite. 



21 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




JESSE 31. OVERTON, Nashville, TenneHHee, 

President Alabama Fuel & Iron Co., Nashville, was born in 
Pulaski, Tennessee, July 25, 1863, and has been in the coal 
business thirty-one years. He is Treasurer of the Rocky 
River Coal & Coke Co. Mr. Overton was formerly Vice 
President and General Manager of the Bon Air Coal & Iron 
Co. He is one of the prominent coalmen in the South and 
has extensive financial interests. 





CHARLES FAIRCHILD DE it \ it 1 1 1 . 1. 1 3 1! i a \ . Birmingham, 

Vice President and General Manager Alabama Fuel & 
Iron Co., Brown-Marx Building, Birmingham, Alabama, is 
also President of the Margaret Coal & Sales Co. and 
has been in the coal business for twenty-five years. He 
was born in Prattville, Alabama, July 4, 1874. He has 
recently filled the position of President of the Birmingham 
Chamber of Commerce and is highly regarded in both civic 
and coal trade circles. He is a son of Col. H. F. De Bardele- 
ben, who located and named the first coal seam found in 
Alabama, and founded Pratt City and Bessemer, Alabama; 
also one of the organizers of the Tennessee Coal, Iron & 
Railroad Co. 



WILLIAM CARSON ADAMS, Birmingham, Alabama, 

Manager of Sales Alabama Fuel & Iron Co. and Margaret 
Coal & Sales Co., 1242 Brown-Marx Building, Birmingham, 
was born in Bowling Green, Kentucky, November 17, 1881, 
and has been in the coal business eighteen years. He was 
formerly connected with the Galloway Coal Co., Memphis, 
Tennessee. 



22 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JAMES BOinmURi Birmingham, Alabama, 
President of the Bonnyman-Norman Coal Co., Brown-Marx 
Building, Birmingham, Ala., was born July 9, 1879, at Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, and has been in the coal business for fif- 
teen years. Mr. Bonnyman is also President of the Brook- 
side Pratt Mining Co. and the Supreme Mining Co. He was 
formerly connected with the Durham Coal & Coke Co., 
Stearns Coal Co. and Birmingham Coal & Iron Co. He is a 
member American Society Civil Engineers and American 
Institute Mining Engineers. 



.Ki-i I'll A. Miinm, BirmlnKham, Alabama, 

Vice President of the Bonnyman-Norman Coal Co., 730 
Brown-Marx Building, Birmingham, Alabama, has been 
in the coal business twelve years and is Vice President 
of the Supreme Mining Co. Mr. Norman was formerly Gen- 
eral Sales Agent for the Birmingham Coal & Iron Co. He 
was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, February 9, 1875. The 
Bonnyman-Norman Coal Co. was organized in 1911 and does 
a general wholesale coal business. On April 1, 1918, Mr. 
Norman and others organized the Bonnyman-Norman Sales 
Co., Inc., of which he was elected Vice President, to conduct 
a general sales agency and coal purchasing agency. 





JAMBS' UTAVRn DATIDSOlfi I ^iiam. Alabama, 

Secretary-Treasurer of the Alabama Coal Operators' Asso- 
ciation, Birmingham, Alabama, Is also General Counsel, 
Secretary and Director of the Yolande Coal & Coke Co., the 
New Connellsville Coal & Coke Co., and the Abernant Coal 
Co. Mr. Davidson was born in Centreville, Alabama, Sep- 
tember 2, 1880. He has been interested in the coal business 
fourteen years, although the practice of law is his principal 
vocation. 



ASA LYMAN HOYT, IlirmiiiKham, Alabama, 

President Cahaba Red Ash Coal Co., Birmingham, was born 
April 3, 1878, in Atlanta, Georgia, and has been in the coal 
business over twenty years. He was formerly a member of 
the firm of H. O. Hoyt & Son. 



23 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





WILLIAM S. LOVELL, Ilirin. nullum, Alabama, 

President of the Montevallo Mining- Co., American Trust 
Building, Birmingham, Alabama, has been actively in- 
terested in the coal industry for twenty-five years. He is 
also President of the Black Creek Coal & Mining Co. and 
Director of the Bessemer Coal, Iron & Land Co. Mr. Lovell 
was born at Natchez, Mississippi, October 20, 1861. 



JAMBS w . M.n((l C.I'.N. Birmingham, Alabama, 

Vice President and Sales Manager Sloss-Sheffield Steel & 
Iron Co., American Trust Building, Birmingham, Alabama, 
was born April 15, 1866, in Society Hill, South Carolina. 
He has been connected with railroads and coal companies 
continuously for thirty-two years. Prior to his connection 
with his present company he was with the Cahaba Coal 
Mining Co. for six years, from 1885 to 1891. This company 
now produces over 2,000,000 tons of coal annually. 




ERSKINE RAMSEY, Birmingham, Alabama, 

Vice President and Chief Engineer of the Pratt Consolidated 
Coal Co., at Birmingham, Alabama, was born September 24, 
1864, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 1887 Mr. Ramsay 
became connected with the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Rail- 
road Co., and in 1901 was appointed to his present position. 
In addition to his mining interests, Mr. Ramsay is Director 
of the First National Bank of Birmingham, President of the 
Bank of Ensley and is interested in numerous other enter- 
prises. He is a member of the American Institute of Mining 
Engineers and was one of four engineers appointed by the 
U. S. Bureau of Mines to investigate and report on coal 
mining conditions in European collieries. 




EDGAR JAMES ROWE, Birmingham, Alabama, 

Vice President and Treasurer of the Yolande Coal & Coke 
Co., Birmingham, Alabama, of which concern he was until 
recently the Sales Manager, was formerly connected with 
the Sloss-Shemeld Steel & Iron Co. He has been in the coal 
business since January 15, 1903. Mr. Rowe was born 
September 24. 1879, in Wilkes County, Georgia. He is 
also interested in the Hurricane Creek Coal & Coke Co. 
Mr. Rowe is very popular in trade circles and has many 
friends in the coal business. 



24 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




JAMES WII. 1,1AM WHATLEY, Birmingham, Alabama, 

Manager of Sales for the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad 
Co. of the Coal, Coke and Fertilizer department, with gen- 
eral offices in the Brown-Marx Building, Birmingham, Ala- 
bama. He is eleven years in the coal business. He was 
born at Idaho, Alabama, July 29, 1874, and is one of the 
most popular and progressive coalmen in the south. 



KNO.Y A. COW 11. I.E. Birmingham. 

Traffic and Sales Manager Pratt Con- 
solidated Coal Co., American Trust 
Building. Birmingham, Alabama, was 
born May 20, 1873, in Clay County, 
Alabama. He is also interested in the 
McCormack & Ramsay coal mining 
projects and is active in the Alabama 
Coal Operators' Association. He has 
spent twelve years in the coal busi- 
ness. 



DAVID ROBERTS, JR., Birmingham, 

President and General Manager Bril- 
liant Coal Co., American Trust Build- 
ing. Birmingham, Alabama, has been 
in the business twelve years, having 
served two years as Engineer with 
the Brushy Mountain Coal Co., and 
has been active in the Alabama Coal 
Operators' Association. He was born 
April 10, 1884, in Charleston, South 
Carolina. » 



in i: \ ■! in I I in !.\ COAL, CO., Birmingham. 

This company is one of the leading coal 
producers in Alabama, owning 15,000 acres 
Black Creek Coal lands in Walker County, 
forty miles northwest of Birmingham. 

The De Bardeleben Coal Co., with a capi- 
tal stock of $600,000 and 6 per cent twenty 
year serial gold bonds of $600,000, was orig- 
inally incorporated as the Maryland Coal 
& Coke Co. but the name was changed May 
1. 1915. The officers are: 

President — Henry T. De Bardeleben, Bir- 
mingham. 

Vice-President and Resident Manager at 
the Mines — Milton H. Fies. Sipsey. Alabama. 

Secretary and Treasurer — G. M. Bowers, 
Birmingham. 

Directors — I. N. Hanson, Atlanta, Georgia; 
Eugene Fies, Birmingham; T. Johnson Ward, 
Philadelphia. Pennsylvania; G. M. Bowers 
and Henry T. De Bardeleben. Birmingham. 

The company produces about 300.000 tons 
annually, which is prepared in five sizes. 
The mine is modern and electrically equipped. 

The coal is well adapted to bunker pur- 
poses and the company owns the majority 
interest in W. G. Coyle & Co. of New Or- 
leans. Louisiana, who supply the bunker 
trade at that port — and have had the Uni- 
ted States Navy contract for past two years 
on their Sipsey washed steam coal. 

The mines are located at Sipsey, Alabama, 
on the Warrior river, navigable the year 
around and by which means the company 
transports willi their own barges and tow- 
boats a large percentage of its coal by water 
to Mobile, Al;i. 

Henry T. De Bardeleben. President, is the 
eldest son of Henry F. De Bardeleben, the 
pioneer and chief coal and Iron developer 
of Alabama. 



25 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



ALABAMA — Birmingham 



CI.AREJICK SEARS BISSELL, President Black Diamond 
Coal Mining Co., 1926 Jefferson County Bank Building, Bir- 
mingham, Alabama, was born in Fulton, New York, January 
16, 1S71. He is ^Treasurer and General Manager of the 
Benoit Coal Mining Co., President of the Cordova Fuel Co., 
and Secretary and Treasurer of the Commercial Coal Min- 
ing Co. He has been engaged in the coal business for ten 
years and has filled the position of President of the Frisco 
Coal Car Operators' Association. 

HAROLD ELMER BISSELL, 1926 Jefferson County Bank 
Building, Birmingham, Alabama, Secretary and Treasurer 
Black Diamond Coal Mining Co., is a native of Rochester, 
New York, the date of his birth being December 25, 1890. 
He has been engaged in the coal business during the past 
seven years and is Treasurer of the Cordova Fuel Co. and 
Secretary of the Benoit Coal Mining Co. 

DARBY HBXAGA\ BROWN of D. H. Brown & Co., 
Brown-Marx Building, Birmingham, Alabama, was born 
December 23, 1873, in Sumter County, Alabama. His career 
as a coal merchant covers a period of twelve years. 

JOHN EDMUND UILWORTH of Birmingham, Alabama, 
is President and Treasurer of the Sipsey Coal Mining Co. 
and is interested in several retail coal yards in Birming- 
ham. He has been in the business thirty-seven years 
and has been connected with the following companies: 
Cambria Iron Co., Johnstown, Pennsylvania; Abernant Coal 
Co.; Virginia & Alabama Coal Co.; Yolande Coal & Coke 
Co. He was born April 23, 1858, in Millstone, New Jersey. 

EUGENE A. HOLMES, Manager of Sales Roden Coal 
Co., Brown-Marx Building, Birmingham. Alabama, was born 
September 6, 1872, in Lafayette, Alabama. He has been 
in the coal business twenty-three years, having been for- 
merly with the National Coal & Coke Co. of Birmingham 
and with the Galloway Coal Co. of Memphis, Tennessee. 
Mr. Holmes is now acting as District Representative for 
the United' States Fuel Administration in the Alabama 
District. 

FRANK W. HOPKINS, 218 Woodward Building, Birming- 
ham, Alabama, is President of the Isthmian Coal & Trad- 
ing Co., Vice President of the Dixie Coal Mining Co., and 
Vice President of the Carbon Hill Mining Co. Mr. Hopkins 
was formerly connected with the Palos Coal & Coke Co. 
and has been fifteen years in the business. He was born 
October 23, 1858, in Magnolia, Mississippi. 

GEORGE BRYANT McCORMACK is President of the 
Pratt Consolidated Coal Co., Birmingham, Alabama, and 
President or Vice President of several other coal companies. 
He has been President of the Alabama Coal Operators' Asso- 
ciation since its organization ten years ago. He was at 
one time connected with the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Rail- 
road Co. and is extensively interested in coal mining 
projects. He was born April 4, 1859, at Plattin, Missouri, 
and has been engaged in the coal business during the past 
thirty-seven years. Mr. McCormack has long been one of 
the most prominent factors among Alabama coal producers. 

JOHN THOMAS MORGAN, late President and Treasurer 
of the East Pratt Coal Co., Birmingham, Alabama, was 
also largely interested as an individual owner of valuable 
coal lands. Some of his former connections in the business 
were with the Dora Coal Mining Co., the Palos Coal Co., 
and the Little Warrior Coal & Coke Co. Mr. Morgan was 
born February 6, 1861, at Morganville, Georgia, and was 
active in the coal industry twenty-seven years, dying De- 
cember 25, 1917. He has been succeeded by his eldest son, 
Thomas William Morgan, as President and Treasurer of the 
Fast Pratt Coal Co. 

JOHN WILLIAM PORTER, Treasurer and General Sales 
Manager for the Alabama Coal Co., Birmingham, Alabama, 
has given fifteen years to the coal business. Prior to his 
present connection he was with the Kansas & Texas Coal 
Co., Pittsburg, Kansas, and the Lacey-Buek Iron Co. of 
Birmingham. He was born February 17, 1873, at Grand 
Ridge, Illinois. 

EDWARD POWELL ROSAMOND, Birmingham, Alabama, 
is General Superintendent of the Pratt Consolidated Coal 
Co. He also is President of the Powell Coal Co., as well 
as Secretary and Treasurer of the Jagger Coal Co. For 
twenty-seven years Mr. Rosamond has been interested in 
the business, having been for some time with the Tennessee 
Coal, Iron & Railroad Co. He was born in Jasper, Alabama, 
July 31, 1869. 



JOHN EDWARD ROSS, Woodward Building, Birmingham, 
Alabama, is Secretary and Treasurer of the Dixie Coal Min- 
ing Co. He was born August 17, 1888. in Poplar Grove, 
Arkansas. Formerly Mr. Ross was interested as a stock- 
holder in the Commercial Coal Mining Co. and in the Al- 
toona Coal & Iron Co., being Treasurer and General Man- 
ager of the latter for some time. He likewise was connected 
with the Black Diamond Coal Mining Co. as Traffic Man- 
ager, and with the Gravlee-Lint Coal Co. and the West 
Corona Coal Co. 

HAROLD R. SANSON, 1411 American Trust Building, Bir- 
mingham, Alabama, is General Manager for the Cahaba 
Southern Coal Mining Co., and holds a similar position with 
the Warrior-Pratt Coal Co. He has been in the coal busi- 
ness sixteen years. Mr. Sanson was born in East Orange 
New Jersey, in 1876. 

JOSEPH S. SHANNON, 850 Brown-Marx Building, Bir- 
mingham, Alabama, is President of the Ruby Coal Co. and 
of the Diamond Coal Co. He has been twenty-two years 
in the business, having organized and promoted the two 
companies mentioned, as well as the Oak Leaf Coal Co., 
in 1896. He also is interested in the Mt. Carmel Coal Co' 
Formerly he was with the Galloway Coal Co., Memphis, 
Tennessee. Mr. Shannon was born August 19, 1866, in 
Union County, North Carolina. 

BERNARD R. SMITH, First National Bank Building, Bir- 
mingham, Alabama, is Manager of Sales for the Corona 
Coal & Iron Co. and the Birmingham Fuel Co. He formerly 
was with the Roden Coal Co., Marvel, Alabama, and with 
the Reid Coal Co. and Dow Coal Co.. Dallas, Texas The 
past fifteen years have been spent by him in the coal 
business. Mr. Smith was born September 15, 1876, in San 
Augustine, Texas. 

CARL FERDINAND WITTICHEN is the President of the 
Wittichen Coal & Transfer Co., 12 South Twentieth St., 
Birmingham, Alabama. He is also interested in the Brook- 
side-Pratt Mining Co., Birmingham, Alabama. He has been 
five years actively in the coal business. He was born in 
Baltimore, Maryland. He was for thirteen vears General 
Manager of the Kirkpatrick Sand & Cement Co 



ALABAMA 



CHARLES PELHAM ANDERSON is the proprietor of the 
Anderson Coal Co. at Montgomery, Alabama, and has been 
engaged in the coal business for twenty-eight years. He 
was born at Montgomery February 11, 1866. 

HUGO BROWN, Mobile, Alabama, is the President of the 
Brown-Morgan Coal Co., and has been in the business five 
years. Mr. Brown is a native of Germany and was born 
February 11, 1868. Leo M. Brown, a well-known lawyer of 
Mobile, is Secretary of the company. 

CASHIER PHILIP CHABERT, Corona, Alabama, is Presi- 
dent and General Manager of the Chabert Coal Co. and has 
been in the business for fourteen years. He was born April 
6, 1877, at Hubbert, Ohio. 

SAMUEL J. CHILDERS is the senior member of the firm 
of S. J. Childers & Son at Jasper, Alabama. With his son, 
Thomas M. Childers, he has been in the coal business for 
the past twenty years. Mr. Childers was born at Jasper 
in December, 1847. 

MATT MARTIN COCHRAN, Manager Cochran Coal Co., 
1920 Alabama Avenue, Bessemer, Alabama, was born Feb- 
ruary 25, 1883, in Columbia, Tennessee. He has been en- 
gaged for five years in the coal business and is making a 
successful record for his company. 

THOMAS JAMES COCHRAN, 1920 Alabama Ave., Besse- 
mer, Alabama, is the senior member o*f the Cochran Coal 
Co., which was organized about five years ago. Mr. Cochran 
was born February 1, 1882, in Columbia, Tennessee. 

ALBERT C. BANNER, 50 North Commerce St., Mobile, 
Alabama, is President of the Mobile Coal Co. and has been 
in the business for forty years. Formerly he was head of 
the firm of Danner & Co. He was born at Winchester, 
Virginia, March 12, 1843, and is one of the prominent coal- 
men of the south. His son. Paul Danner. is Vice President 
and General Manager. 

FRANK L. DAVIDSON is the proprietor of a coal busi- 
ness at Selma, Alabama, in which he has been success- 
fully engaged during fourteen years. Mr. Davidson was 
born at Selma January 12, 1874. 

F\ B. DUNLAP is President of the Montevallo-Shelby Coal 
Co., Straven, Alabama, and has been engaged in the coal 
business for sixteen years. He was born at Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, March 17, 1850. 



26 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



n\i<ii\ i:\ VNS KI.KKTWOOI), General Manager Samo- 
s.t Coal Co., Burn well Mines, Alabama, is interested In 
the Burnwell Coal Mining Co. and formerly was con- 
nected with the Seaboard Coa! & Coke Co. He has been a 
member of the Legislative Committee of the Alabama Coal 
Operators' Association. His active connection with the 
coal industry covers fifteen years. Mr. Fleetwood was born 
November 34, 1873, in Savannah, Georgia. 

< II IHLES \v. GRIFFIN is the sole owner of the business 
of C. \V. Griffin & Co.. Lafayette, Alabama, and has been 
in the coal business for seventeen years. Mr. Griffin was 
born June 14, 18S6, at Lafayette. 

I.KOX H. HATTKMKR, 1036 South Court St., Montgom- 
ery. Alabama, is President of the Dixie Coal Co. and has 
been in the coal business for four years. He was born at 
Fort Deposit, Alabama. November 11, 1899. Mr. Hattemer 
is now serving as an enlisted man with Battery E, 118tli 
A. P. A., stationed at Camp Whalen, Macon, Georgia. Dur- 
ing his absence Henry L. Hattemer is managing the busi- 
ness. 

JAMES D. Illl.l. Ml of Adamsville, Alabama, is the 

President of the North Pratt Coal Co. and of the Summit 
Coal Co. He Is a native of Scotland and was born in 1866. 
Mr. Hillhouse has been connected with different branches 
of the coal Industry for about forty years and from 1893 
to 1897 he was Chief Mine Inspector of t|je State of Ala- 
bama. 

A. D. JKRVIS, Decatur, Alabama, is the President of the 
Decatur Ice & Coal Co. and has been in the business for 
four years. Mr. Jervis is a native of Wales and was born 
in 1860. 

PERRY R. JORDAN of Blossburg, Alabama, is President 
of the Jordan Coal Co. He was born at Delta, Alabama, 
September 29, 1868, and has been actively engaged in the 
coal business for thirty years. Formerly he filled the posi- 
tion of Superintendent of Mines with the Sloss-Sheffield 
Iron & Steel Co. 

i nil - EDWARD KANE, Secretary Mobile Coal Co., 
Mobile, Alabama, was born in Mobile in 1885 and has been 
in the coal business thirteen years. 

RATWIlli I,. MALOXE, President Malone Coal. Grain & 

Motor Co., of Albany, Alabama, was born February 2, 1874. 
in Maoon, Georgia, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-six years. 

ROBERT J. MILLING, Mobile. Alabama, is the Local Man- 
ager for the Pratt Consolidated Coal Co. He was born at 
Birmingham, Alabama, in 1887, and has been in the coal 
business twelve years. 

II i:\RY JOSEPH MOORE, Florence. Alabama, is Vice 
President and General Manager of the Alabama Coal Min- 
ing Co. He Is also interested in the Florence Ice & Coal 
Co. and the J. Nailen Coal Co. He has been in the coal 
business for twenty-three years and prior to his present 
connection was with J. A. Edwards & Co., miners, and with 
the Long Coal & Mining Co. Mr. Moore was born October 
28. 1874, at Florence. Alabama. 



JOHN DANIEL MYHAlfD has been a retail coal merchant 
at Roanoke, Alabama, for six years and is the sole owner of 
his business. He was bom in Harris County, Georgia, July 
5, 1856. 

M. L. 0»NEALE of Coal City, Alabama, has been Superin- 
tendent of Mines for the Bird Coal & Iron Co. since July 
1, 1917. He was Superintendent of Mines for the Seaboard 
Coal & Coke Co. from 1911 to 1914 and of the Central Coal 
Co., Klmberly, Alabama, from September, 1912, to March, 
1913. He filled a similar position with the Coal City Min- 
ing Co. from 1914 to July, 1917. Mr. O'Neale was born at 
Chattanooga, Tennessee, in 1886. 

A. li. PARKER is the Manager of the Sylacauga Ice & 
Coal Co., Sylacauga, Alabama. R. H. Woodward is Sec- 
retary and Treasurer and located at Birmingham. 

JAMES PCGII PEARSON, Kimberly. Alabama, Is now 
trustee of the Central Coal Co.. of which he formerly 
was Secretary and Treasurer. Mr. Pearson has been in the 
coal business eighteen years. He was • born at Orlando, 
Florida, June 15, 1882. 

JOHN HENRY PHEYLEX. Marvel. Alabama, is Secretary 
and Treasurer of the Roden Coal Co., with which he has 
been connected during the last three years. Mr. Pheylen 
was born at Richford, New York, January 19, 1876. B. F. 
Roden is President of this company and C. C. Bowman of 
Pittston, Pennsylvania, is Vice President. 

FRANKLIN D. PIERCE, M. D., of Bridgeport, Alabama, 
is President of the Pierce Coal & Lumber Co., miners of 
coal and manufacturers of lumber. Dr. Pierce has been 
connected with the coal mining industry for fourteen years. 
He was born at Plum, Venango County, Pennsylvania, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1853. 

ED PRICKETT is the sole proprietor of a coal yard at 
North Birmingham, Alabama, and has been in the business 
for ten years. He was born October 19, 1872, at Rockford, 
Alabama. 

J. E. ROSS of Jasper, Alabama, is the Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Dixie Coal Mining Co. He was formerly 
connected with the Altoona Coal & Iron Co., the Black 
Diamond Coal Mining Co. and the Commercial Coal Mining 
Co. Mr. Ross was born at Poplar Grove, Arkansas, August 
17, 1886, and has been in the coal business for twelve years. 

JOE A SEARCY is Manager for the Northport Coal Co., 
Tuscaloosa, Alabama. He has been in the coal business 
for six years. Mr. Searcy was born March 28, 1879, at Tus- 
caloosa. Frank Rice Is President of the company and Joe 
Rice Is Secretary and Treasurer. 

THOMAS HARRISON Tl'TWILER la Secretary of the 
Davis Creek Coal & Coke Co. at Rock Castle. Alabama. He 
was born August 24, 1876, at Columbus, Texas, and has 
spent nineteen years in the coal business. Mr. Tutwiler 
was formerly connected with the Alabama Consolidated 
Coal Co., the Sloss-Sheffield Iron & Steel Co., and the Cor- 
dova Coal & Coke Co.. filling the position of Secretary and 
Salesman. 

DANIEL O. VAITGHAN, a retail coal merchant of Geneva. 
Alabama, has been in the business for fifteen years. He 
was born at Geneva June 13, 1871. 



27 



ARIZONA 



THE importance of Arizona in coal trade history is 
still a promise. Its present claims for fame must 
rest upon its climate, its silver mines and other 
activities unconnected with the fuel industry. Without 
the severe winter season to induce a heavy consumption 
of coal for housp-heating purposes and with industrial 
demands low because of limited commercial enterprise, 
this state is at the bottom of the list as a coal consumer. 
Its 1915 industrial and domestic consumption totaled 
only 158,723 tons. With the exception of 450 tons 
shipped from West Virginia, New Mexico mines took 
care of the entire requirements of the state. No ship- 
ments of anthracite from the Pennsylvania fields were 
reported. 

Despite the minor place now occupied by Arizona the 
state holds possibilities of taking rank among the major 
southwestern producing fields if the manufacturing and 
transportation development of that part of the United 
States should reach the point where the draft upon the 
output of existing mines should show a heavy increase. 
Although mining upon a commercial scale has not been 
attempted, the commonwealth contains approximately 
(5,000 square miles of coal-bearing land, with an esti- 
mated available recovery of 8,030,000,000 tons. 



The most important coal area is the Black Mesa re- 
gion, which underlies the Hopi and Navajo Indian reser- 
vations in the northeastern part of the state. This field 
contains approximately 5,920 square miles. As the re- 
sult of a reconnaissance study some years ago, M. R. 
Campbell, of the United States Geological Survey, esti- 
mated that the field contained 1-4,082,000,000 tons and 
that 8,000,000,000 tons of this were recoverable. It is 
thought that the coal bearing strata are an extension of 
the formation underlying the San Juan and Gallup 
fields in New Mexico. 

While the Deer Creek field, lying north of Gila, about 
midway between the Salt River and the main line of 
the A. T. & S. F. Ry., is much smaller in area — 30 
square miles — the existence of coal in the basin has been 
known for about 35 years, although no commercial 
development has been attempted. The beds are thin, 24 
to 30 inches, and it is estimated that only half of the 
assumed deposit of 60,000,000 tons would be available 
for commercial recovery. There are at least two beds of 
workable thickness throughout the basin. The field 
yields a hard block coal suitable for transportation and a 
softer grade adaptable only for local use. 



ARIZONA 



THOMAS C. DAVIES, Douglas, Arizona, is the proprietor 
of the Davies Fuel & Feed Co., being the successor of Bas- 
sett & Frist in the business. Mr. Davies is a native of Wales 
and was born February 24, 1881, coming to Cleveland, Ohio, 
with his parents when a boy. When he became of age he 
was naturalized. 

( ii villi's li \/.i: has been in the retail coal business at 
Winslow, Arizona, for seven years and represents the Dia- 
mond Coal Co. He was formerly connected with the Victor 
American Fuel Co. Mr. Daze "was born in Canada February 
16, 1865. 

JACK B. MARTIN, President of the People's Fuel & Feed 
Co., Tucson, Arizona, was born in Dos Angeles, California, 
August 4, 1894, and has been in the coal business three 
years. 



JOH.V MASSING, proprietor of the coal business of John 
Massing & Co., Prescott, Arizona, has been connected 
with the industry for twelve years and is the owner of 80 
acres of coal lands near Gallup, New Mexico. He was born 
at Brlmfield, Illinois, December 21, 1866. 

CHARLES F. MOSS, Benson. Arizona, is proprietor of the 
Benson Coal & Ice Co. and of the Wilcox Coal & Ice Co. 
He has been in the business for fifteen years and was for- 
merly connected with the Victor American Fuel Co. Mr. 
Moss was born June 27, 1872, at Mossville, Pennsylvania. 

HESHY CLAY HOBIXETTE, proprietor of the business 
of the Robinette Feed & Fuel Co., 426 North Second St., 
Phoenix, Arizona, was born in Flintstone, Maryland, 
August 16, 1852. He has been in the coal business eight 
years. 

WALTER J. WAKEFIELD is President and Manager of 
the Arizona Fuel & Supply Co.. at Tucson, Arizona, and has 
been in the coal business three years. Mr. Wakefield was 
born in Tucson March 22, 1882. 



28 



ARKANSAS 



PRODUCTION statistics considered alone give a 
misleading index to the part played by Arkansas 
in the commercial coal trade history of the coun- 
try. Except for Louisiana, directly south, and Missis- 
sippi, southeast, Arkansas must make its distribution 
through a wall of coal producing states. Superior trans- 
portation facilities, both rail and water, permitting the 
free movement of coals from the East and from Illinois, 
and the proximity of the Alabama and Kentucky coal 
fields, have acted as an effective barrier against the com- 
mercial marketing of the Arkansas product in Louis- 
iana and Mississippi. 

Despite these natural drawbacks the quality of coal 
produced in the better parts of the Arkansas field is 
such that 37 per cent, of the output of the state is dis- 
tributed between Texas on the south and Minnesota on 
the north. The principal coal field of the state is an 
extension of the Hartshorne bed in Oklahoma and fol- 
lows the course of the Arkansas river to Russellville, 
aDout 75 miles east of the Oklahoma-Arkansas state line. 
CTear the Oklahoma border the bed contains coal of a 
semi-bituminous character, which closely approaches 
Pocahontas and New River on an analytical basis. 
although the Arkansas product is of greater friability. 
As the bed proceeds eastward, the percentage of fixed 
carbon increases until the coal enters the semi-anthra- 
cite class. 

Two other beds, the Charleston, about 700 feet above 
the Hartshorne seam, and the Paris, about 300 feet 
above the Charleston, are worked to a limited extent, 
the former in Franklin and the latter in Logan county, 
but approximately 99 per cent, of the Arkansas product 
comes from the Hartshorne field. A fourth bed lies be- 
low the Hartshorne, but it is small in area and has not 
been worked upon a commercial scale. The southeastern 
lowlands of the state contain extensive lignite beds, but 
these are largely undeveloped. The area of the semi- 
bituminoua coal and the semi-anthracite fields in the 
state approximates 1,500 square miles. 

The first official record of production was in 1840, 
when the Census credited Arkansas with a total output 
of 220 tons. The same year Missouri production was re- 
ported as 9,972 tons and Iowa as 400 tons. These three 
states were the first west of the Mississippi river to re- 
port coal production and this condition continued until 
1800. At that time Arkansas production was only 200 



tons, while Missouri had jumped to 280,000 and Iowa 
to 41,920 tons. Records are again blank until 1880, 
when the Arkansas production had risen to 14,778 tons. 
Five years ago this had increased to 100,000 tons and 
from that date to 1903 the rate of increase has been 
steady. Although the maximum production yet achieved 
was in 1907, when the output reached 2,670,438 tons, 
tonnages since 1903 have been fairly steady. Produc- 
tion figures for the past 30 years are shown in the tabu- 
lation following: 



Year. .Ton. 

1887 129,600 

1888 276,871 

1889 279,584 

1890 399,888 

1891 542,379 

1892 535,558 

1893 574,763 

1894 512,626 

1895 598,322 

1896 675,374 

1897 856,190 

1898 1,205,479 

1899 843,554 

1900 1,447,945 

1901 1,816,136 



Year. Ton. 

1902 1,943,932 

1903 2,229,172 

1904 2,009,451 

1905 1,934,673 

1906 1,864,268 

1907 2,670,438 

1908 2,078,357 

1909 2,377,157 

1910 1,905,958 

1911 2,106,789 

1912 2,100,819 

1913 2,234,107 

1914 1,836,540 

1915 1,652,106 

1916 1,994,915 



Although only 14 per cent, of the total production is 
consumed locally within the state, that represents 48.14 
per cent, of Arkansas' bituminous coal requirements. In 
1915, for example, 62,175 tons were consumed at mines, 
46,260 tons sold locally and 129,951 shipped to intrastate 
points — a total of 238,386 tons used within the state. 
Shipments to other states were as follows: Iowa, 16,537 
tons; Kansas, 114,812; Louisiana, 93; Minnesota. 
5,372; Missouri, 198,768; Nebraska, 120,376; Okla- 
homa, 60,791; Tennessee, 15,258, and Texas, 78,418 
tons — a total of 610,425 tons. Railroad fuel took 803,- 
296 tons. 

While Arkansas drew upon nine outside sources for its 
fuel supplies during the year named, as before stated, 
IS. 14 per cent, of the total bituminous coal consumption 
was from state mines. The total bituminous coal con- 
sumption of 495,155 tons was divided as follows: Ala- 
bama. 10,450 tons; Arkansas, 238,386; Colorado, 14,- 
23 1; Georgia, 73; Illinois, 128,950; Kansas, 13,669; 
Kentucky, 86,966; Missouri, 1.888 (including Missouri 
coal consumed in Illinois); Oklahoma, 453; Pennsyl- 
vania, 86. In addition approximately 800 tons of Penn- 
sylvania anthracite were shipped into the state. 



29 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





M. M. McWULIAlIS, Spadra, Arkansas, 

President of the Spadra-Clarksville Coal Co , also holds 
interests in the following concerns: MeWilliams, Ward 
& Co., Clark, MeWilliams & Co., Southern States Coal Co., 
and the Smokeless Anthracite Coal Co. He has filled the 
position of Vice President of the Southwestern Coal Oper- 
ators' Association for the state of Arkansas. Mr. MeWil- 
liams has been in the coal industry for twenty-six years 
and his companies are the oldest mine operations in the 
state. He was born at Braddock, Pennsylvania, September 
2. 1871. 



SATHAJilEL R. CLARK, Clnrksville. Arkansas, 

Former President of the Spadra-Clarksville Coal Co.. has 
been in the coal business for the past twenty-six years. 
Other companies in which he is interested are Clark, Me- 
Williams & Co. and MeWilliams, Ward & Co., both of Spadra, 
Arkansas. These are the oldest coal mine operations in the 
state of Arkansas. Mr. Clark was born in Spadra, November 
9, 1859. 




I .. Ii. BEUWELL, Fort Smith, Arkansas, 

President of the E. D. Bedwell Coal Co. with general offices 
at Fort Smith, Arkansas, has been engaged in the coal 
business over twenty years, having formerly been with the 
Prairie Creek Coal Co., the Midland Valley Coal Co., and 
the Arkansas Valley Coal Co. as General Sales Agent. Mr. 
Bedwell was born in 1862 at St. Joseph, Missouri. 



J. E. MCHOLS, Clarksville, Arkansas, 

Secretary, Treasurer and General Man- 
ager Sterling Anthracite Coal Co., 
Vice President Arkansas Anthracite 
Coal Co., and Southern Sales Agent 
Midland Coal Co.. is also heavily inter- 
ested in Arkansas anthracite coal lands 
yet undeveloped and is a recognized 
authority on Arkansas coal lands, 
especially in the anthracite district. 
Mr. Nichols was born August 25, 1874, 
in Judsonia, Arkansas, and has been 
actively connected with the coal busi- 
ness eighteen years. 



30 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



ARKANSAS 



K. P. AI.i:\ AMIKK, 830 Southern Trust Building, Little 
Rock, Arkansas, is Division Sales Agent for the McAlester 
Fuel Co., whose genera] offices are at McAlester, Oklahoma. 
Mr. Alexander has been In the coal business for fifteen 
years and was formerly with the Midland Valley Coal Co. 
of Ft. Smith, Arkansas. He was born in St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, in 1867. 

X. C. AWIIHEY of Fort Smith, Arkansas, President S. C. 
Awbrey & Co., Inc., with branches at El Paso, Dallas, Fort 
Smith, Kansas City, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Mexico 
City, was born at Birmingham, Alabama, March 22, 1878. and 
has been in the coal business twenty years. Mr. Awbrey 
was previously connected with the Colorado Fuel & Iron 
Co. and Mexican Coal & Coke Co., and has built up an 
extensive business. 

ICOBEKT J. II A It It. who is President and General Man- 
ager of the Woodson-Barr Coal Co., Bonanza, Arkansas, 
has been In the business for thirty years. He was born 
in Dairy, Scotland, February 12, 1859. He formerly was 
connected with the Central Coal & Coke Co., Kansas City, 
Missouri. 

II. .1. best is a retail coal merchant at Newport, Arkan- 
sas, where he has been in business for five years. He was 
born at Arkabutla, Mississippi, January 7, 1880. 

JAMES R. COWOI.E is Treasurer and Manager of the 
Camden Ice & Coal Co., Camden, Arkansas, and has been 
engaged in the coal business for twenty-five years. He 
was born at Carrollton, Illinois, October 19, 1863. 

WDIIEW IIKOWN CIRHEST, proprietor of The A. B. C. 

Flouring Mills, Siloam Springs, Arkansas, was born Janu- 
ary 11, 1872, at Relf's Bluff, Arkansas and has been in the 
retail coal business eighteen years. 

GEORGE K. DODSON, Alix, Arkansas, owns the business 
of the Geo. E. Dodson Coal Co. and is Vice President of the 
Southern States Coal Co., Little Rock, Arkansas. He for- 
merly was connected with the Dodson & Metton Coal Co. 
and has been twelve years in the coal business. Mr. Dodson 
was born September 30, 1873, at East Freedom, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

FRANK T. <■■ vriiKit of Greenwood, Arkansas, Is the 
Secretary-Treasurer of the Greenwood Coal Co. and is like- 
wise Secretary and Treasurer of the Gunther Coal Co. and 
of the Bokoshe Smokeless Coal Co. Mr. Gunther has been 
in the coal business for eleven years and was born in New 
York City October 1. 1886. and served as a member of the 
Committee on Coal Production, Council of National Defense. 

C. J. lion m:h of Hot Springs, Arkansas, is the owner of 
the business of the C. J. Horner Co. and has been engaged 
in the coal business during the past eleven years. Mr. 
Horner was born in Hot Springs November 22, 1883. 

WILLIAM B. Hl'RLEV is the proprietor of a retail coal 
business at Newport, Arkansas, and has been in the busi- 
ness for six years. He was formerly with the firm of Dean 
& Hocking. He was born at Newport August 27, 1882. 

J. E. JAMES, Vice President of the Heim-James Coal Co. 
at Clarksville, Arkansas, Is a native of Wales, and has 
been connected with the coal industry in all of its branches 
for over fifty years. He is now sixty-two years of age. 
He is the President of the Smokeless Anthracite Coal Co. 
of Clarksville and formerly was connected with the fol- 
lowing companies of Spadra, Arkansas: Eureka Coal Co., 
Spadra Creek Coal Co., Clarksville Coal Co., and Spadra 
Coal Co. 

JOHX W. JASPER of Huntington, Arkansas, Manager of 
the Jasper Coal Co., has been connected with the coal In- 
dustry since he was a boy of twelve years. He has worked 
up through all departments and prior to his present con- 
nection was with the Kansas & Texas Coal Co., Central Coal 
A Coke Co., Prairie Creek Coal Co., and the Phoenix Coal 
& Mining Co. He was born at Rolla, Missouri, July 3, 1877. 

Him TIIOHVI'O.V JOES of Helena. Arkansas, is 
Manager and one of the stockholders of the Tappan Coal 
Co. He has been interested in the coal business for eight 
years. He was born at Hernando, Mississippi, April 7, 1880. 
This company was established In 1872 by Major James A. 
Tappan. who died March 6, 1913. 

CASPER LEXSIXG of Scranton, Arkansas, holds the office 
of Secretary of the Helm-James Coal Co. and Is also inter- 
ested In the Smokeless Anthracite Coal Co. of Spadra, 
Arkansas. Mr. Lensing has been in the coal business for 
six or seven years. He was born In Scranton January 6, 1888. 

BARON V. LEWIS of Russellvllle, Arkansas, is Treasurer 
of the Oulta Coal & Mining Co. He was formerly Sales 
Agent and has been In the coal business for six years. Mr. 
Lewis was born In North Carolina in 1869. 



W. D. LOGl'E is Secretary of the Denning Coal Co. at 
Denning, Arkansas. Formerly he was with the Western 
Coal & Mining Co. and has been eight years in the business. 
Mr. Logue was born at Odell, Illinois, in 1886. 

EAHLK JAOKMAN >1ABDIS of Clarksville, Arkansas, is 
Vice President and General Manager of the Eureka Mining 
Co. and Secretary and Manager of the Lucas Mardis Coal 
Co. of Spadra, Arkansas, both coal operating companies. 
Mr. Mardis was born near Youngstown, Mahoning County, 
Ohio, February 19, 1883, and has been In the coal business 
twelve years. He was formerly connected with the Spadra 
Creek Coal Co. 

PERCY I'RESTOX MARDIS of Clarksville, Arkansas, is 
Secretary and Manager of the Spadra Creek Coal Co. and 
Is also interested in the Eureka Mining Co. He has been 
engaged in the coal business for nine years and was born 
December 19, 1881, at Lisbon, Ohio. 

W. G. McGHEE of Jenny Lind, Arkansas, is Secretary 
and Treasurer of the firm of Petty & McGhee. He was 
formerly senior member of McGhee & Urquhart and has 
been five years in the coal business. He was born in 
Arkansas. November 24, 1871. G. F. Petty Is Manager of the 
firm and has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

W. R. MERHITT is a coal merchant at Clarendon, Arkan- 
sas, where he has been engaged in the business for the 
past four years. 

IVAN R. PACKARD, President Harper Coal & Coke Co., 
Bates, Arkansas, was born March 16, 1878, at North Paris, 
Maine, and has been in the coal business seventeen years. 
He was formerly President of the Choctaw Coal & Coke Co.. 
and has been active on various committees and been an 
officer of the Southwestern Coal Operators' Association. 

IRA PETTIT, Hackett, Arkansas, is Secretary and Sales 
Agent for the Arkansas Valley Coal Co. He has been in 
the business for three years. He was born at Des Moines, 
Iowa, July 27, 1884. 

HORACE F. ROGERS, Ft. Smith, Arkansas, is President 
of the Katy Coal Co. He was born in Anderson County, 
Tennessee, August 12, 1863, and has spent about twenty 
years in the coal business. Mr. Rogers was General Man- 
ager of the Prairie Creek Coal Co. from 1891 to 1903 and 
of the Ouita Coal Co. from 1896 to 1906, after which he 
was out of the coal business for ten years, re-entering it 
again in 1917, taking the active management of the Mid- 
land Six mine for the Katy Coal Co. 

CHARLES SCHMIDT, President Schmidt-Blakely Coal Co., 
Coal Hill, Arkansas, is a native of Arkansas. Mr. Schmidt 
was a famous Major League ball player, having helped to 
win three American League pennants for Detroit and caught 
in three World Series games. He lives at 1200 North 11th 
St., Fort Smith, Arkansas. 

REIXHARDT A. SCHMIDT -of Coal Hill. Arkansas, Sec- 
retary and Treasurer of the Schmidt-Blakely Coal Co., was 
born at Indianapolis, Indiana, September 9, 1873, and has 
been in the coal business for fifteen years. Formerly he 
was connected with the W. H. West Coal Co. 

THOMAS HENRY SHAW, Midland, Sebastian County, Ar- 
kansas, is General Manager for the National Coal Mining 
Co. of Hackett, Arkansas, and Purchasing Agent for the 
National Supply Co., Lincoln, Nebraska. Mr. Shaw has 
been in the coal business for twenty-six years and from 
May 21, 1913, to July 8, 1917, he was State Mine Inspector 
for Arkansas. He was born at Tyndesley, England, June 
28, 1875. 

FREMONT STOKES of Clarksville, Arkansas, is the Vice 
President and General Manager of the Fernwood Mining 
Co. He has been in the coal business for forty years and 
was formerly with the Erie Railroad. He was born at 
Hazleton, Pennsylvania, February 18, 1864. 

W. A. TIXSLEY is Manager of the Dennis Coal Co. at 
Paris, Arkansas. He has been in the coal business for 
twenty-three years and was formerly connected with the 
Miami Coal Co., advancing from the position of Mine Boss. 
Mr. Tinsley was born at Ozark, Arkansas, July 7, 1881. 

I. oris E. TDBHia of Huntington. Arkasas, Is Presi- 
dent and Treasurer of the Dallas Coal Co., and has been 
In the business sixteen years. He is Secretary of the Coal 
District Power Co., central station, supplying power and 
light to the Huntington district, and is the owner of val- 
uable Arkansas smokeless coal acreage In the same region. 
Mr. Turner was born at Hannibal, Missouri, May 14, 1869. 

LINUS W. WALKER of Bates, Arkansas, Is Superintend- 
ent for the Bates Smokeless Coal Co. He has been six years 
In the coal Industry and formerly was with the Hazleton 
Coal Co., Coalgate, Oklahoma, and with the Southern 
Anthracite Coal Co., Russelville, Arkansas. He was born 
In Missouri February 4, 1891. 



31 



CALIFORNIA 



CALIFORNIA possesses many claims to greatness 
that have spread its fame across the hemispheres, 
but coal plays a distinctly minor role in the pres- 
ent drama of its achievements. Although there are a 
number of widely scattered beds, ranging from black 
lignite to true bituminous coal, within the state, petro- 
leum overshadows the coal output to a degree attained in 
no other commonwealth enjoying the twin blessings of 
both forms of fuel resources. Not only does petroleum 
control the transportation and industrial field, but it also 
enters, both directly and indirectly, into the domestic 
market. 

The principal coal fields of the state are five in num- 
ber: (1) The Mount Diablo, in Contra Costa County; 
(2) the Corral Hollow field in Alameda County; (3) 
the Priest Valley, and (4) Trafton fields in San Benito 
County, and (5) the Stone Canyon field in Monterey 
County. In quality there is a decided improvement from 
north to south. The more northerly fields are sub- 
bituminous, the middle district has more of the weather- 
ing qualities of bituminous, while the coal found in the 
Stone Canyon district is a true non-coking bituminous 
and, under more favorable conditions, would, in the 
opinion of government geological experts, prove a for- 
midable contender for the domestic trade of San Fran- 
cisco and other large cities. 

The zenith of production was recorded in 1880, when 
the output was 230,950 tons. Detailed production fig- 
ures since 1880 are shown in the following table: 



Year. 

1881... 

1882... 

1883... 

1884... 

1885... 

1886... 

1887... 

1888... 

1889... 

1890... 

1891... 

1892... 

1893... 

1894... 

1895... 

1896... 

1897... 

1898.. 



Ton. 

140,000 

112,592 
76,162 
77,485 
71,615 

100,000 
50,000 
£5,000 

119,820 

110,711 
93,301 
85,178 
72,603 
67,247 
75,453 
78,544 
87,992 

145,888 



Year. 
1899.. 
1900.. 
1901.. 
1902.. 
1903.. 
1904.. 
1905.. 
1906.. 
1907.. 
1908.. 
1909.. 
1910.. 
1911.. 
1912.. 
1913.. 
1914.. 
1915.. 
1910.. 



Ton. 

160,915 

171,708 

151,079 

84,984 

104,673 

78,888 

77,050 

25,290 

13,950 

18,755 

45,836 

11,164 

10,747 

10,978 

24,839 

*13,947 

*12,503 

*7,240 



'Includes Idaho and Nevada. 



Production records for the state date back to the Civil 
War. How far the coal industry has advanced since that 
time can be inferred from the statement that the 18G1 
production of 6,620 tons represented a contribution of 
relative importance to the output of the 16 states then 
reporting bituminous coal production. Rapid and con- 
sistent gains were made in every year but two until 1874, 
when the output had reached 215,352 tons. For the next 
three years production slumped, falling to 107,789 tons 
in 1877. Since that time, although subject to some 
widespread variations as between successive years, the 
general tendency has been distinctly downward. Devel- 
opments in the Stone Canyon field in 1909 promised a 
revival of the industry, but the promise was short lived. 
From a consuming point of view the industry is also- 
held back by the preponderating influence of the petro- 
leum output of the state, the total bituminous coal eon- 
sumption for 1915 being less than 500,000 tons. Com- 
mercially speaking the most interesting phase of the con- 
sumption is the high percentage of imported coal used. 
This coal, coming chiefly from British Columbia mines, 
supplies the bulk of the domestic and bunker coal de- 
mand of the state and represents over 46 per cent, of 
the total local consumption and bunker loadings. Cali- 
fornia's output is grouped with that of Idaho and Ne- 
vada, as there was but one mine reporting in each state 
during 1915. According to data available none of this 
combined output of 12,503 tons was used by the rail- 
roads or shipped to interstate destinations. The Cali- 
fornia consumption was divided as follows: Alabama, 
292 tons; California, 12,503 (including Idaho and Ne- 
vada) ; Colorado, 5,771 ; Georgia, 30; Maryland, 10,244; 
New Mexico, 75,025; Pennsylvania, 5,324; Utah, 161,- 
987; West Virginia. 17,250; Wyoming, 43,546 ; imports, 
284,225 ; total, 616,197 tons; bunker fuel, 170,000 tons; 
total state bituminous coal consumption, 446,197 tons; 
Pennsylvania anthracite, 500 tons. 

Of the totals above given 442,563 tons, or approxi- 
mately 71 per cent., were received at the port of San 
Francisco. These receipts were divided as follows: 
British Columbia, 164,130; Australia, 106,768; Great 
Britain, 3,644; Japan, 22; Washington and Oregon 
(water), 1,711 ; eastern United States (water), 103,183; 
all-rail, 63,105 tons. Of the total before given, 168,500 
tons were used in domestic and foreign bunker trade 
and 479 tons were loaded for export, leaving a local 
consumption of approximately 273,600 tons. 



32 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



CALIFORNIA 



JOHN' S. AKERMAX, Secretary, Treasurer and Manager 
of the Pacific Wood & Coal Co., San Diego, California, was 
born May 16, 1860, in London, England, and has been in the 
coal business twenty-eight years. Mr. Akerman is also Sec- 
retary of the Diamond Coal Co. of Los Angeles, and Is one 
of the most prominent coal merchants of Southern Califor- 
nia. He is President of the Merchants' Association of San 
Diego and has served as President of Associated Chambers 
of Commerce of the Pacific Coast, San Diego Chamber of 
Commerce and San Diego Board of Trade. 

O. E. ASHAX is the Owner and Manager of a coal, wood, 
hay and grain business at Sacramento and Oregon Sts., 
Berkeley, California. He has been in the business for six 
years and has held the office of Vice President of the Retail 
Coal and Wood Dealers' Association of Alameda County, 
California. Mr. Asman was born in Germany December 
13, 1876. 

R. A. BAKER is senior member of the firm of R. A. Baker 
& Son, 6050-6064 Pasadena Ave., Los Angeles, California. 
He was born in Pennsylvania in 1857 and has been in the 
coal business for about fourteen years. 

CLAUDE M. BARTOX, Manager Modesto Fuel Co., 
Modesto, California, was born July .25, 1878, at Merced, Cal- 
ifornia, and has been in the coal business for eight years. 
He was formerly connected with Dorsey-Parker Co., Fresno, 
California. 

wi.i in L. BRIZZOLARA, 119 Jackson St., San Fran- 
ciso, California, is President of the coal firm of L. Brizzo- 
lara & Son, Inc He was born in San Francisco November 
28, 1869, and for twenty-five years has been in the coal 
business. 

V. J. B. CHEDA, San Rafael, California, is Secretary 
and Manager of the S. H. Cheda Co., which was organized 
In 1878. He has been with the firm since 1896 and was 
born January 20, 1875, in Switzerland. 

WILLIAM L. CLACK, Manager Diamond Coal Co., Los 
Angeles, California, was born July 31, 1876, at Boydton, 
Virginia, and has been in the coal business for the past 
twelve years. Mr. Clack is one of the best known and most 
popular merchants in Los Angeles and has served as Presi- 
dent of the Southern California Fuel Dealers' Association. 

WILLIAM E. CLARK is Local Manager for the Pacific 
Wood & Coal Co. in Los Angeles, at 2144 Bast Seventh 
St. He has been in the business twenty-six years and 
formerly was a member of the firm of Clark Bros. He was 
born in Ohio August 27, 1868. 

JOSEPH CLAVO is the proprietor of a coal business at 

239 Georgia St., Vallejo, California. He has been in the 

coal business for over twelve years. He was born in Val- 
lejo September 25, 1868. 

DENNIS DESMOND is President and Manager of the Red- 
ding Feed Co., Redding, California. He has been in the 
coal business for seven years. He was born April 7, 1860, 
at French Gulch, California. 

J. CAL. EWING, 234 Stuart St., San Francisco, California, 
holds the positions of Vice President and Manager of the 
coal firm of W. G. Stafford & Co. He has been in the coal 
business for eighteen years and for four years has been 
President of the California Coal Dealers' Association. He 
was born in San Francisco, June 24, 1876. Mr. Ewing is 
one of the most popular and highly respected coalmen on 
the Pacific Coast. 

THOMAS HILL is the proprietor of a coal business at 
1399 Eighth St., Oakland, California, and has been in the 
trade for over twenty years. He was born at London, 
Ontario, Canada, In 1871. 

GEORGE T. HOPPER of Los Banos, California, is Man- 
ager of Merchandise for Miller & Lux, Inc. He has been 
connected with the coal business for eight or nine years. 
He is a native son of California and was born in March, 
1881. 

WILLIAM K. HOHAN is Manager of The Horan Co., retail 
coal merchants at 717 Marin St., Vallejo, California. He 
has spent twenty-one years in the business. He was born 
January 29, 1878, in Vallejo. 



VALENTINE JOHN JACIilKS, President and Manager of 
the Jacques Wood & Coal Co., 2529 South Main St., Los 
Angeles, California, was born February 14, 1869, at Doncas- 
ter, Yorkshire, England, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty years. Retiring from the coal business, Mr. 
Jacques spent four years in Calcutta, India, and returning 
again entered his favorite business two years ago. He has 
served as a member of the Executive Committee of the Los 
Angeles Fuel Dealers' Association. His partner in business 
is C. Bruns, who was formerly Yard Manager for the Dia- 
mond Coal Co. 

JAMES B. Ml III, Oakland, California, has been Secretary 
of the Alameda County Retail Coal Dealers' Association for 
tin past thirteen years and Secretary of the California Fuel 
Dealers' Protective Association since its institution five 
years ago. 

EDWARD A. NEIUER. 135 North Fifth St., Alhambra, 
California, is President and Manager of the Alhambra Feed 
& Fuel Co. He has been in the business for nine years. 

O. L. NEWTON, 797 Temple Ave., Long Beach, California, 
is a co-partner in the Consumers' Feed & Fuel Co. of Long 
Beaoh and in the firm of Newton & Harding at Corona, 
California. He has been engaged in the coal business for 
thirteen years. He is a Canadian by birth. 

WILLIAM SANDERCOCK is President of the Sandercock 
Transfer Co. at San Luis Obispo, California. He has been 
in the coal business for more than twenty years and owns 
an interest in coal properties in San Luis Obispo County 
which are still undeveloped. He formerly was with the 
Pacific Coal Co. at Rock Springs, and other points. Mr. 
Sandercock was born in Chicago, Illinois. 

HUGH R. SLAYDEN owns the coal business of the H. R. 
Slayden Coal Co., Pasadena, California. He has been in the 
business twenty-four years and is filling the office of Presi- 
dent of the Southern California Fuel & Feed Dealers' Asso- 
ciation. He was born in Kentucky, May 2, 1867. 

GEORGE STREBEL is Manager of the H. R. Slayden Co., 
Pasadena, California. He has been connected with this 
company and with Slayden Bros. Co. for over twenty years. 
He was born at Syracuse, New York, June 24, 1872. 

BENJAMIN BASIL. STIIRDIVANT, 423 Fulton St., San 
Francisco, California, has oeen in the coal business for 
twenty-three years and is the President of the firm of 
Sturdivant & Co. He was born October 31, 1869, in San 
Francisco. 

A. W. SWISHER is Manager for the Southern Pacific 
Grain Co., 140 E St., San Bernardino, California. He went 
west from West Virginia, where he was born September 1, 
1866. 

WILLIAM JAMES THOMAS, Proprietor Thomas Feed & 
Fuel Co., 326 West 58th St., Los Angeles, California, was 
born September 2, 1871, at Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, and 
has been in the coal business for fourteen years. Mr. 
Thomas Is President of the Southern California Fuel and 
Feed Dealers' Association. He -started with small capital, 
but has built up a successful business. 

JOSEPH F\ ULERY, Pomona, California, is senior partner 
in the firm of Ulery & Son, coal merchants. He was for- 
merly a member of the firm of Hoffman & Ulery and has 
been in the coal business twenty-two years. He was born 
in Ohio in 1850. 

A. H. WHITE is the proprietor of a retail coal business 
at 1678 Seventh St., Oakland. California. He has been a 
coal merchant for eight years and for two years was Presi- 
dent of the Alameda County Retail Coal Dealers' Asso- 
ciation. Mr. White was born in Ohio, October 21, 1861. 

RALPH EUGENE WILCOX of Stockton, California, is 
President and Manager of Tolland & Co., and has been 
for twenty-one years in the coal business. He has been 
Secretary of the Stockton Coal Dealers' Association for 
fifteen years, and is a member of the Executive Board of the 
California Fuel Dealers' Protective Association. He was 
born in the state of Maine in 1873. 

ROBERT II. WINN of the Robt. H. Winn Co., San Diego, 
California, was born in 1874 at Numa, Iowa, and has been 
in the coal business for nine years. 

HUGH M. WOLFLIN, 407 Underwood Building, San Fran- 
cisco, California, has been in the coal business five or six 
years. He is also mining engineer for the U. S. Bureau 
of Mines and Chief Mine Inspector for the California Indus- 
trial Accident Commission. He was formerly Secretary of 
the Mining Section of the National Safety Council. Mr. 
Wolflin was born at Canton, Missouri, August 12, 1886. 



33 



THE CAROLINAS 



CONSIDERED in relation to the other states in 
the South Atlantic group and especially in com- 
parison with other non-producing areas in the 
southern district the consumption record of the Caro- 
linas shows up well from the point of view of aggregate 
tonnages. In addition North Carolina, with its check- 
ered record of intermittent modest production begin- 
ning in 1840 and ending after two definitely known 
breaks of six and five years respectively in 1912, has 
an historic interest to the students of American coal 
statistics. Whether the natural difficulties surround- 
ing the mining of coal in that state are to remain too 
great to be surmounted by a rising demand for fuel has 
a not uninteresting place in the field of economic spec- 
ulation. 

North Carolina contains two coal-bearing areas, the 
Deep Eiver and the Dan Eiver fields. These fields 
are described by the United States Geological Survey 
as follows: "The coal in the Deep River field is in 
Triassic rocks and is of the same geologic age as the 
beds of the Richmond basin in Virginia. The Dan 
River field in Stokes and Rockingham counties is also 
of Triassic age. The coal-bearing rocks extend from 
a point just north of the Virginia line south- 
ward through Leaksville, Madison and Walnut 
Cove to Germantown, N. C. Black, slaty, car- 
bonaceous shale is common, but coal occurs at only a 
few places. Nowhere has a deposit of any commercial 
value been found. During the Civil AVar coal was 
mined near Leaksville and shipped by boat to Danville, 
Va. The coal is semi-anthracite, but the bed is so thin, 
so broken by shale partings and of so small lateral 
extent that mining is unprofitable. Considerable, pros- 
pecting has been done in the vicinity of Walnut Cove, 
but the semi-anthracite found, which is nowhere more 



than one foot thick, has no present commercial value. 

The census of 1840 gives the first record of North 
Carolina production as three tons. While it is thought 
probable that small mines were in operation subsequent 
to that time, no record antedating the Civil War has 
been found. Between 18G1 and 1865 the Confederate 
government is estimated to have taken out 60,000 tons 
from the North Carolina mines, but the close of the 
war saw a steady decline until 1874 when production 
ceased. Six years later mining operations upon a very 
small scale were resumed. In 1889 the Cummock or 
•Egypt mines in the Deep Eiver field were re-opened and 
continued a moderate and fluctuating production until 
1906. During 1911-1912 a small production, 320 tons, 
was reported from Moore County. The total output 
from 1862 to 1912 was only 477,122 tons. 

Treating North and South Carolina as a unit the per 
capita consumption reported in 1915 was only .69 ton 
(.66 bituminous coal and .03 anthracite) ; consump- 
tion per square mile was 33 tons. In comparison with 
the country averages of 2.82 and 123 tons, these fig- 
ures are, of course, low, but allowance must be made 
for the general climatic conditions and the character 
and extent of the manufacturing enterprises of the two 
states. The total bituminous consumption for the year 
was 2,658,177 tons. Virginia, with shipments of 1,366,- 
943 tons, contributed the major portion of the fuel sup- 
ply of the Carolinas; West Virginia came second with 
977,782 tons; Tennessee third with 168,512 and Ken- 
tucky fourth with 143,660 tons. Shipments from other 
states were as follows: Alabama, 475 tons; Georgia, 
500; Pennsylvania, 305 tons. Anthracite shipments 
from the Pennsylvania fields approximated 124,000 
tons. 



34 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




MAJOIi JAMBS s. I'llVTHItlOSS, HenderNon, \orth Carolina, 

Well-known retailer of Henderson, North Carolina, was 
born in Warren County, North Carolina, on September 17, 
1871, and has been engaged in the coal business at Hender- 
son since 1887. where he now does the largest business. 
Mr. Poythress was Skout for North Carolina in the Order 
EoRoal and has served in the United States Army. He 
entered the service of the State January 2, 1889, receiving 
many commissions, the last being his promotion to Major 
in the Quartermaster Corps on March 27, 1917. 



NORTH CAROLINA 



W. A. AVAXT, proprietor of the Avant Wood & Coal Co. 
of Charlotte. North Carolina, was born at Charlotte and 
has been in the coal business for the past fifteen years. 

GEORGE HIGH UK VI. I., retail coal merchant at Durham, 
North Carolina, was born at Cumberland, Maryland, August 
15, 1867, and has been in business for himself for over 
twenty years. 

ADRAM OLIVER HH AY, Owner and Manager of the North 
Wilkesboro Roller Mills of North Wilkesboro, North 
Carolina, was born in Wilkes County, North Carolina, Janu- 
ary 8, 1882, and has been in the coal business for ten years. 
He is also interested in the City Fuel Co. of Elkin, North 
Carolina. 

DAVID o. BHI.N'Kl.Y, retail coal merchant at Plymouth, 
North Carol inn, was born in Gates County, North Carolina. 
April 22, 1853, and has been in business for himself fifteen 
years. 

CLEVELAND D. CARTER, Secretary-Treasurer of the 
Weldon Ice Co. of Weldon. North Carolina, was born in 
Halifax County, North Carolina, and has been In the coal 
business two years. 

II. K. CARTLAND, Secretary and Treasurer of the Arctic 
Ice & Coal Co. of Oreensboro, North Carolina, was born in 
Guilford County, North Carolina, March 1. 1878, and has 
been with this company since its organization. 

JAMES WESLEY CVTES, retail coal merchant of Burling- 
ton. North Carolina, was born in Orange County, North 
Carolina, September 30, 1347, and had been In the coal 
business seventeen years, where he died January 5, 1918. 
In March, 1918, the business was incorporated under the 
name of J. W. Oates, Bertha I. Cates. who had been asso- 
ciated with her father for a number of years, being elected 
Secretary and Treasurer. 

GHOVER C. DENTON. Manager of the Morgantown Ice 
& Fuel Co. of Morgantown. North Carolina, was born at 
Morgantown, November 4, 1888, and has been In the coal 
business for twelve years. 

ARTHI It EVANS DIXON, General Manager of the Fay- 
etteville Ice & Mfg. Co. of Fayetteville. North Carolina, was 
born at Laurel, near Leavenworth, Kansas, April 27, 1867. 
and has been In the coal business twenty years. 



BEHVAHIl ■■:■•■ \ s. Secretary and Manager of the Southern 
Coal Co. of Ashevllle, North Carolina, was born at Franklin, 
North Carolina, on May 29, 1886, and has been in the coal 
business for five years. 

POWELL K. GREEN of Winston-Salem. North Carolina, 
Sales Agent of the I.ltz-Smith Fuel Co., whose main office Is 
at Huntington, West Virginia, was born at Dover, Delaware, 
in 1861. and has been in the coal business for three years. 
He was formerly connected with the Bluefleld Coal & Coke 
Co. of Bluefleld. West Virginia. 

WILLIAM HENRY GRIFFIN, senior member of W. H. 
Griffin & Son, a retail firm at Goldsboro, North Carolina, 
was born at Goldsboro on May 27, 1858, and has been In 
the coal business for thirty-two years. 

ROJ1ERT J. II VI. I,, retail coal merchant of Burlington, 
North Carolina, was born in Alamance County, North Caro- 
lina. January 8. 1860, and has been in the coal business 
t »'i nty years. 

JONATHAN' HAVENS, wholesale and retail coal merchant 
at Washington, North Carolina, a native of Washington, 
has been in the coal business for thirty-eight years. 

JAMES WILLIAMS MINKS of Rooky Mount, North 
Carolina, one of the most prominent retail coal merchants of 
North Carolina, was born at Farmville, Pitt County. North 
Carolina, on July 7, 1858, and has been in the coal business 
for seventeen years. Mr. Hines is owner of the North 
State Ice- & Fuel Co. of Rocky Mount, Greenville Ice & Coal 
Co., Greenville, Catawba Ice & Fuel Co.. Spencer, Salisbury 
Ice & Fuel Co., Salisbury, Monroe Ice & Fuel Co.. Monroe, 
and Weldon Ice & Fuel Co.. Weldon, all of North Carolina. 
He also established the Bank of Rocky Mount and is a 
Director and member of the Executive Committee of the 
Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce. 

WILLIAM THOMAS LOVE. SR., President and General 
Manager of the Crystal Ice & Coal Co. of Elizabeth City, 
North Carolina, was born at Elizabeth City on January 26, 
1862, and has been in the coal business for thirteen years. 

BENJAMIN A. MERRITT, retail coal merchant at Wil- 
mington, North Carolina, was born in North Carolina Sep- 
tember 24, 1874, and has been in the coal business ten years. 
He was formerly connected with Wm. E. Worth & Co. and 
has been City Councilman for four years and Mayor Pro 
Tern for two years, with two years more to serve. 

DANIEL H. PENTOJi, Vice President and Secretary of 
the Springer Coal Co., Wilmington, North Carolina, was 
born in Bridgeton, New Jersey, March 30. 1868, and has 
been in the coal business thirty years. This firm was 
established in 1872 and incorporated in 1905. 

THOMAS COX POWELL, President of Powell & Powell, 
Inc., a retail coal firm at Raleigh, North Carolina, was 
born in Wake County, North Carolina, September 26, 1875, 
and has been in the coal business for over a quarter of a 
century. He was formerly connected with Jones & Powell. 

W. IL ROSS, General Manager of the Piedmont Ice & Coal 
Co., retailers at Greensboro, North Carolina, was born at 
Pleasant Garden, North Carolina, in 1876, and has been in 
the coal business for ten years. He was formerly connected 
with Dixie Ice & Coal Co. and Arctic Ice & Coal Co. 

CLAIDE A. SHELTO.N", retailer of Mount Airy, North 
Carolina, was born at Mount Airy. February 27, 1885, and 
has been in the coal business for five years. 

JAMES AHTHLR SPRINGER, President of the Springer 
Coal Co. of Wilmington, North Carolina, was born in Maine, 
December 16, 1847, and has been in the coal business almost 
half a century. 

JOHN hum THOMAS, retail coal merchant doing business 
at Winston-Salem. North Carolina, was born at Eller, North 
Carolina, on May 17, 1868, and has been in the coal business 
for fourteen years. 

WILLIAM II. THORPE. President and Treasurer of W. B. 
Thorpe & Co., Inc., of Wilmington, North Carolina, was born 
at Rocky Mount, North Carolina, November 17, 1873, and 
has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

HENRY WAI,TER TROLLINGEH. retail coal merchant at 
Burlington, North Carolina, was born near Haw River, Ala- 
mance County, North Carolina, July 20, 1862, and has been 
in the coal business since 1892. Mr. Trollinger has been 
assisted for the past ten years by E. P. Trollinger, his 
nephew. 

JAMES ALLEN VINSON, retail coal merchant of Golds- 
boro. North Carolina, was born in Wayne County. North 
Carolina, April 8, 1885, and has been in the coal business 
for five years. He was formerly associated with W. H. 
Griffin. 

J. M. WAGNER, Manager of the Newton Ice & Fuel Co. 
of Newton, North Carolina, was born in Newton October 
14, 1887, and has been In business fop himself for ten years. 



35 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOHN OSCAR WILLIAMS, President of Williams & 
Palmer, Inc., a firm handling coal at retail at Wilson, North 
Carolina, was born at Ruffin, North Carolina, May 8, 1885, 
and has been in the coal business for almost five years. He 
was formerly connected with Jewett, Bigelow & Brooks at 
Norfolk, Virginia. 

.101:1, ALEXANDER YARBROUGH. President and Treas- 
urer Yarbrough & Bellinger Co., Charlotte, North Carolina, 
was born in York County, Virginia, on October 1, 1876, and 
has been in the coal business ten years. 



SOUTH CAROLINA 



HENRY W. DA VIEGLE. President and Treasurer Chester 
Ice & Fuel Co., Chester, South Carolina, was born in 1886 
in Chester, and has been in the coal business five years. 

GEO. F. EPPERSON, retail coal merchant of Sumter, South 
Carolina, was born December 11, 1857, in Pittsylvania Coun- 
ty, Virginia, and has been in the coal business for thirty 
years. 

JOHN ARCHIBALD FISHER, Manager retail coal firm of 
J. A. Fisher, Mullins, South Carolina, was born in 1864 in 
North Carolina, and has been in the coal business five years. 

W. B. HALLETT, President Hallett Ice & Coal Co., has 
been in business, handling ice, coal and feed, in Spartan- 
burg, South Carolina, for thirty-three years. 



ROBERT A. LONG, President Peoples Ice & Fuel Co., 
Beaufort, South Carolina, was born December 15, 1864, in 
Rogersville, Tennessee, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-two years. 

CHARLES PEARSON MIDGLEY, proprietor Bennettsville 
Ice Co., Bennettsville, South Carolina, was born April 19, 
1879, in England, and has been in the coal business eight 
years. 

AMOS B. MORSE, President Amos B. Morse Co., retail coal 
firm of Abbeville, South Carolina, was born in Anderson, 
South Carolina, March 8, 1865, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness twenty years. 

J. S. MORSE, Secretary and Treasurer Amos B. Morse Co. 
of Abbeville, South Carolina, was born April 9, 1883, in 
Abbeville, and has been in the coal business nine years. 

C. F. RICE, JR., Sales Manager Blackwood Coal & Coke 
Co., Spartanburg, South Carolina, was born in Clearmont 
County, Ohio, January 26, 1875, and has been in the coal 
business about eleven years. 

HERMAN VON RODEN SCHRADER, Manager Greenwood 
Ice & Coal Co. of Greenwood, South Carolina, was born in 
1857 in Philadelphia, and has been in the coal business sev- 
enteen years. 

WILLIAM ARCHIBALD SHERROD, Secretary and Treas- 
urer Hallett Ice & Coal Co., Spartanburg, South Carolina, 
was born August 2, 1890, in Hamilton, North Carolina, and 
has been in the coal business three years. 

JOHN R. TOLLESON of the retail firm of J. R. Tolleson & 
Co. of Gaffney, South Carolina, was born October 2, 1856, in 
Cherokee County, South Carolina, and has been in the coal 
business for fifteen years. 



36 



COLORADO 



COLORADO holds first place among the coal pro- 
ducing and consuming states west of the Mis- 
souri river. In production it stands among the 
first ten commonwealths of the entire country, while 
from the consuming side it is the most self-sustaining 
area in the country, crowding out Alabama, which has 
that, enviable position east of the Mississippi river, by 
a fraction of one per cent., although the southern state 
upon a tonnage basis is the greater coal consumer of the 
two. It is fair to say that the important place held by 
Colorado in the vast industrial wealth of the country is 
due to its rich coal deposits, for without these close at 
home the state would have required transportation facili- 
ties greatly in excess of those it has and would have been 
at a disadvantage in bringing in its basic commodity 
that makes the developments of its other resources pos- 
sible under difficult transportation conditions and high 
freight charges. 

The lower flanks and foothills of the Bocky Moun- 
tains divide the coal fields of the state into three major 
deep synclinal basins. The eastern group contains the 
Trinidad. Canon City and South Platte fields. The 
park group includes the fields in the South. Middle and 
Xorth parks. The western group, which is the largest 
of the three major divisions, covers the Yampa, Dan- 
forth Hills, White River, (hand Hogback, Glenwood 
Springs, Crested Butte, Grand Mesa, Book Cliffs and 
Duraugo fields. Not only are the fields extensive — the 
Geological Survey estimates they contain over 10,000 
square miles of workable coal — but they offer the con- 
sumer a wide range in quality. Suh-bituminous or 
black lignite is found in the South Platte field; the 
Trinidad and Glenwood Springs beds yield a high grade 
coking coal, while anthracite is mined in the Crested 
Butte held. 

A- a Commercial proposition the principal develop- 
ments ;ire in the eastern and western groups. The loca- 
tion of the South Platte field ^i\r~ it ready access to the 
Denver market, t,, which the bituminous coals of the 

Trinidad and Canon City fields also make important 
contributions. In the western group, operations are 
carried on on a large scale in the Glenwood Springs 
and Crested Mutte fields and in a lesser degree in the 
vicinity of Datango, Grand Junction and Steamboat 
Springs. The further extension of the MofTatt railroad 



is permitting a greater exploitation of the resources of 
the Yampa field in MofTatt and Routt counties. 

Colorado stepped into coal statistical history in 1864 
when an output of 500 tons was reported. It proceeded, 
with varying degrees of fluctuation, until 1876, when 
117,666 tons were produced. For the next six years the 
output increased rapidly so that the 1882 figures were 
1,061,479 tons. At that time there were only ten other 
states which reported an output in excess of 1,000,000 
tons. From 1882 to 1910, when a production of 11,973,- 
736 tons was reached, there were only five years in 
which the output showed a decrease. Unfavorable gen- 
eral commercial and agricultural conditions in 1911 and 
1912 caused a decline and the rate of production was 
further pulled down by the prolonged strikes of 1913- 
1911. Detailed figures from 1882 to 1916 appear in 
the following table: 



Year. Ton. 

1882 1,061,479 

1883 1,229,593 

1884 1,130,024 

1885 1,356,062 

1886 1,368,338 

1887 1,791,735 

1888 2,185,477 

1889 2,597,181 

1890 3,077,003 

1891 3,512,632 

1892 3,510,830 

1893 4,102,389 

1894 2,851,409 

1895 3,082,982 

1896 3,112,402 

1897 3.361,703 

1898 4,076,347 

1899 4,776,224 



Year. Ton. 

1900 5,244,364 

1901 5,700,015 

1902 7,401,343 

1903 7,423,602 

1904 6,658,355 

1 :»".-, 8,826,429 

1906 10,111,218 

1907 10,790,236 

1908 9,634,973 

1909 10,716,936 

1910 11,973,736 

1911 10,157,383 

1912 10,977,824 

1913 9,232,510 

1914 8,170,559 

1915 8,624,980 

1916 10,484,237 



As stated in an earlier paragraph 97.88 per cent, of 
the coal consumed within the borders of Colorado comes 
from the mines of the state. This consumption is equal 
to approximately 68 per cent, of the total production of 
Colorado. A fraction over 20 per cent, of this local 
consumption is coked at the mines and plays a large 
part in the great smelter enterprises for which the state 
is famous. The railroads are the largest individual cus- 
tomers of the Colorado mines; in 191.1 they took 28 per 
cent, of the total product, which was double the amount 
shipped to destinations in 13 states lying between the 
Mississippi river and the Pacific coast. Outside of 



37 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



Colorado itself, the largest individual market for Colo- 
rado coal is in Nebraska, which produces no fuel of its 
awn. Kansas, itself a coal producer of no mean rank 
in the Southwest, has been the second largest customer, 
while Texas, for local uses and for exports into Mex- 
ico, comes third. Detailed figures covering the distribu- 
tion of the 1915 output of Colorado coal were as fol- 
lows : Consumed locally at the mines, 294,571 tons ; sold 
locally, 291,243; made into coke at mines, 1,015,346; 
shipped intrastate, 3,386,315 ; total, 4,987,475 tons. 

Interstate shipments were as follows: Arkansas, 14,- 
234 tons; California, 5,771; Iowa, 12,660; Kansas, 340,- 



779; Missouri, 535; Nebraska, 422,320; Nevada and 
Utah, 2,526 ; New Mexico, 22,948 ; Oklahoma, 120,298 ; 
South Dakota, 12,598; Texas (including exports), 273,- 
337 ; Wyoming, 20,984 ; total, 1,248,990 tons, or 14 per 
cent. ; used by railroads, 2,388,515 tons, or 28 per cent. 
The total consumption within the state for the same 
year — including 600 tons of Pennsylvania anthracite — 
was 5,096,149. As shown in the table preceding 4,987,- 
475 tons, or 97.88 per cent, of the bituminous coal con- 
sumption, came from the Colorado mines. New Mexico 
furnished 107,877 tons; Wyoming, lfll, and Pennsyl- 
vania (bituminous), 96 tons. 



38 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




WILLIAM B. LEWIS, New York City, 

President of the Oakdale Coal Co. of Denver, Colorado, re- 
sides in New York City, having an office at 40 Wall St. He 
has had much experience as a coal mine operator in the 
West and has been a member of the Board of Trustees of 
the Colorado State School of Mines for several years. He 
is a graduate of that institution. 




HARRY P. NASH, Denver, Colorado, 

Vice President and General Sales Agent for the Oakdale 
Coal Co., Denver, is also a Director of the Primrose Coal 
Co. and the owner of undeveloped coal lands in Colorado. 
He has been in the coal business for over twenty years, 
beginning as a mine clerk and advancing with different 
companies to Vice President. He is Secretary of the Colo- 
rado Coal Operators' Association. Formerly he was con- 
nected with the Primrose Coal Co., Continental Fuel Co- 
National Fuel Co. and South Canon Coal Co. He is a 
Director of the Employers' Mutual Insurance Co. He was 
born at Fort Dodge, Iowa, September 21, 1873. 



GRAND .UNCTION MNG. & FUEL CO.. 
Denver, Colorado, 

Has its' office at 1120 First National 
Bank Building, Denver. 

Its mine is located at Cameo, Mesa 
County, Colorado, on the Denver & Rio 
Grande Railway and the Colorado Mid- 
land Railway, and its output — 1,000 tons 
daily capacity — is used almost entirely 
by the railroads. The officers are: 

President, John McNeil, Jr. 

Vice President, D. O. McNeil. 

Secretary-Treasurer. A. M. McNeil. 

General Manager. George W. McNeil. 

The McNeil Coal Co., with the execu- 
tive offices the same as the above com- 
pany, has a mine at MacGregor, Routt 
County, Colorado, on the Denver & Salt 
Lake Railway, producing domestic coal, 
carefully graded In four sizes. The 
output — 800 tons daily capacity — is sold 
through the Coal Hill Coal Co., of 
Omaha, Nebraska. 

John McNeil, President, and G. F. 
MacBeth, Treasurer, are the active of- 
ficers. Paul Lanieus Is Vice President 
and John S. MacBeth Secretary. 



COLORADO — Denver 

JOSEPH P. BRACKETT, 1124 Foster Building, Denver, 
Colorado, is Secretary and Treasurer of The Carbon Fuel & 
Iron Co. He is also President of the Garfield Mine Leasing 
Co. and Secretary-Treasurer of the Frederick Fuel Co., 
Denver. He is likewise in charge of credits for the Rocky 
Mountain Fuel Co. Formerly he was with the Raton Coal 
& Coke Co. of Raton, New Mexico. Mr. Brackett has been 
in the coal business for over twenty years. He was born 
March 12, 1879, at Riceville, Tennessee. 

JAMES DALRYMPLE, 430 Clarkson St., Denver, Colorado, 
is Chief Coal Mine Inspector in his state. He has been mine 
foreman and superintendent for different companies and 
has been in the business for over forty-two years. He 
was formerly with the Union Coal & Coke Co., the Northern 
Coal & Coke Co., the Pocahontas Coal Co. and the South 
Canon Coal Co. He was born in Scotland, July 13, 1863. 

GEORGE FRITH, 1001 East Twelfth Ave., Denver, Colo- 
rado, holds the offices of President and General Manager 
with the following companies: Aztec Coal Mining Co., 
Indian Creek Coal Mining Co. and The Walsenburg Coal 
Mining Co. He was born at Mason City, West Virginia, 
April 21, 1867. and has been in the coal mining business 
for over thirty years. 

D. M. HARRINGTON of Denver. Colorado, Is President 
and General Manager of the Cedar Hill Coal & Coke Co. 
and has been in the coal business for eighteen years. He 
was for some years with the Victor Fuel Co. prior to his 
present connection. He was born at Houghton, Michigan, 
May 17, 1877. 

G. W. HARRIS, 803 First National Bank Building, Den- 
ver, Colorado, is President of the Colorado & Utah Coal 
Co. and of the Colony Coal Co., a Colorado corpora- 
tion operating near Rock Springs, Wyoming. He has 
been in the coal business sixteen years and formerly was 
connected with the following companies in Iowa: Excelsior 
Coal Mining Co., Alhia Coal Co. and Bidwell Coal Co.. in 
which he still is Interested. He was born In Oskaloosa. 
Iowa, May 8, 1876. 

LEWIS A. HAYDEN is President of The Hayden Broth- 
ers Coal Corp., Tramway Building, Denver. Colorado. 
The corporation operates two coal mines in Routt County, 
Colorado, on the Denver & Salt Lake Railroad. 



39 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



EDGAR HOPPER, Denver, Colorado, is Commissioner of 
the Denver Coal Merchants' Association and Secretary of 
the Colorado Retail Coal Dealers' Association. He was 
born at Mt. Vernon, Illinois, January 14, 1877. 

GUY R. HOUGHTELIN holds the position of General 
Sales Manager for the Aztec Coal Mining: Co., 632 Cooper 
Building - , Denver, Colorado. He has been in the coal busi- 
ness for ten years, having been with the Rocky Mountain 
Fuel Co. and the C, K. & N. Coal Co. Mr. Houghtelin was 
born at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, December 25, 1874. 

C. A. HUNCK, 4160 Irving St., Denver, Colorado, has been 
in the coal business for seven years. He was born in Ger- 
many September 30, 1846. 

E. V. HUTCHINS, Denver, Colorado, is Sales Manager for 
The Hayden Bi others Coal Corp., Tramway Building, which 
is operating two mines in Routt County, Colorado. 

JOHN D. JONES is General Manager of the Oakdale Coal 
Co. at Denver, Colorado. He has been connected with the 
coal business for thirty-nine years. He was Chief Coal 
Mine Inspector for Colorado for eight years and a deputy 
inspector for eight years. He was born in "Wales January 
15, 1865. 

GEORGE D. KIMBALL is General Manager of The Rugby 
Fuel Co., 422-427 Exchange Building, Denver, Colorado, and 
has been in the coal business fifteen years. He is Treasurer 
of the Coal Mines Welfare Association of Denver. He was 
born at Portland, Maine. 

HENRY L. LITTELL is the President and General Mana- 
ger of The Littell Bros. Coal Mining Co., 200 Cooper Build- 
ing, Denver, Colorado. He was formerly connected with the 
Western Coal & Mining Co. He has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twenty-five years. He was born at Pleasanton, 
Kansas, in 1871. 

J. M. MARTINDALE, General Sales Agent of the Rugby 
Fuel Co., Denver, Colorado, was born February 10, 1881, at 
Tipton, Indiana, and has been in the coal business for eight 
years. He was formerly connected with the Sunnyside Coal 
Mining Co. and the Western Coal & Mining Co. 

HARRY VAN MATER, Colorado Building, Denver, Colo- 
rado, is President of The National Fuel Co. and of The 
Royal Fuel Co. He has been in the coal business for twen- 
ty-five years and was formerly connected with the follow- 
ing companies: Citizens Coal & Coke Co., Southern Coal 
Co., Alpine Coal Co. and the Continental Fuel Co. He was 
born September 26, 1860, in Monmouth County, New Jersey. 

JOHN McGOWAN of Denver, Colorado, is the Purchasing 
Agent for The Victor American Fuel Co., having formerly 
filled the office of Treasurer. He has been in the coal busi- 
ness for about fifteen years. He was born at Louisville, 
Kentucky, April 5, 1874. 

DOUGLAS MILLARD, 840 Seventeenth St., Denver, Colo- 
rado, is Manager of the retail department of The Colorado 
Fuel & Iron Co. and has been in the business for thirteen 
years. He was born at Cleveland. Ohio, September 29, 1879, 
and resided for several years in Chicago. 

THOMAS G. OWEN, Denver, Colorado, is President and 
General Manager of The Cambrian Coal Co., a close cor- 
poration of which he is the owner. He formerly was for 
six years Superintendent of the Western Chemical Works, 
Denver. After coming to America in 1882 Mr. Owen was 
connected with the Staten Island Chemical Co. of New 
Jersey, the Foreste Powder Co., Lake Hopatkong, N. J., 
and the Highland Chemical Co., N. Y., prior to going to 
Denver. He has been in the business for twenty-four years 
and was born in Wales, September 28, 1856. 

E. W. ROBINSON, 201 West Iowa St., Denver, Colorado, 
has been in the retail coal business for thirty-four years. 
He was born in Canada in 1858. 

WILLIAM E. RUSSELL, 1523 Welton St., Denver, Colo- 
rado, has been in the coal business as a retailer for 
twenty-five years. He is the owner of a coal mine in Weld 
County, Colorado, and formerly was with the Citizens Coal 
& Coke Co. of Denver. Mr. Russell was born at Dum- 
fermline, Scotland, November 13, 1872. He is highly re- 
garded and popular in trade circles. 

ALBERT P. SMITH, President Rugby Coal Co., Denver, 
Colorado, was born in 1870 at Sycamore, Illinois, and has 
been in the coal business twenty-one years. Mr. Smith is 
very popular and highly regarded in trade circles and is 
President of the Colorado Retail Coal Dealers' Association 
and Secretary-Treasurer of the Denver Coal Merchants' 
Association. 

GEORGE N. SPARLING of Denver, Colorado, is President 
of the Bear River Coal Co., whose mines are located at 
Bear River, Colorado. He has been engaged in the coal 
business for sixteen years, and is Manager of The George 
N. Sparling Coal Co., 626 Gas and Electric Building, Den- 
ver. Gordon B. Ashworth is General Sales Agent of the 
company. 



R. E. SPENCER, 4000 York St., Denver, Colorado, is Presi- 
dent and Treasurer of The R. E. Spencer Lumber Co. He 
was formerly with the Halleck Lumber & Supply Co. and 
has been in the business for seventeen years. He was born 
in Tennessee December 31, 1878. 

J. F. WELBORN, Denver. Colorado, is President of The 
Colorado Fuel & Iron Co. He started as a clerk in the 
sales department of the company twenty-eight years ago 
and advanced through the various grades to Vice Presi- 
dent and Sales Manager, being finally elected President in 
March, 1907. Mr. Welborn was born in Nebraska March 
9, 1870. Mr. Welborn stands higa in the trade and served 
on the Committee on Coal Production, Council of National 
Defense. 

NORMAN A. WYLIE is the Secretary and Treasurer of 
The Rugby Coal Co., 501 Fifteenth St., Denver, Colorado. 
He formerly was with the Colorado Fuel & Iron Co. and 
has been in the coal business for sixteen years. He was 
born at Clairton, Pennsylvania, January 24, 1882. 



COLORADO 



JOHN J. J. ABERCROMBIE, Trinidad, Colorado, is Sales 
Manager for The Bear Canon Coal Co. and owner of 
the J. J. J. Abercrombie retail coal yard. He has been in 
the business for fourteen years. He was formerly with 
the Atchison, Topeka & Santa F6 Railroad and the C. & S. 
Railroad as distributor of cars and coal biller. He was born 
in Georgia January 27, 1869. 

MISS RUTH BANNING is the Owner and Manager of the 
Union Ice & Coal Co., 115 West Vermijo St., Colorado 
Springs, Colorado. She has been in charge of the business 
for two years, or since the death of her brother, William 
Marion Banning, Jr., who died as a result of injuries 
received at the training camp at Golden, Colorado, before 
Colorado Battery C was sent to the Mexican border. The 
business was established thirty-six years ago by her father, 
William M. Banning, who died in April, 1914. Miss Banning 
was born at Colorado Springs, July 11, 1892. 

REASON JUDY BELCHER is the President and General 
Manager of The Mountain Ice & Coal Co., Pueblo, Colorado. 
He has been in the coal business for over twenty years 
and has served as Vice President of the Retail Coal Dealers' 
Credit Bureau of Pueblo and Treasurer of the Colorado Re- 
tail Coal Association. 

E. D. BOWERS, Colorado Springs, Colorado, is President 
of The Monument Valley Fuel Co. and has been engaged in 
the coal business for twenty-five years. He has filled the 
offices of President of the Colorado Springs Retail Coal 
Dealers' Credit Association and Vice President of the Colo- 
rado Retail Coal Dealers' Association. He was born July 17, 
1859, at Whitewater, Wisconsin. 

EDWARD J. BRADY, Cripple Creek, Colorado, is Manager 
of The Colorado Trading & Transfer Co., and is interested 
in the Pike's Peak Fuel Co. of Denver and Colorado Springs. 
He has been connected with the coal trade for eleven years. 
He was born in Pennsylvania in 1886. 

DAVID BRIMBLE, President Washington Coal Co., Erie, 
Colorado, was born in April, 1856, in England, and has been 
in the coal business fifty years. 

WILBUR EDWIN BROOKS, Secretary and Treasurer of 
the Brooks Fuel Co., Louisville, was born in Evans, Iowa. 

FENTON W. BRUINGTON is Manager of the Bruington- 
Armstrong Fuel Co. at Cripple Creek, Colorado, and has 
been active in connection with the coal trade for twenty 
years. He formerly was with the Colorado Trading & 
Transfer Co. as purchasing agent and bookkeeper. He 
was born at Atlantic, Iowa, December 9, 1872. 

A. E. CARLTON is the sole owner of the Colorado Trading 
& Transfer Co., Cripple Creek, Colorado. He was been con- 
nected with the coal business for thirty years, as a producer 
and wholesaler. He is likewise interested in the Pike's 
Peak Fuel Co. of Colorado Springs and other coal concerns. 
He was born in Indiana in 1865. 

L. A. CLANCY is Manager of the Loveland Mercantile & 
Ice Co., Loveland, Colorado, and has been three years in 
the business. He was formerly with the Loveland Ice & 
Fuel Co. He was born at Mattoon, Illinois, September 22, 
1871. 

WILLIAM J. CLARK, coal merchant at Monte Vista, 
Colorado, for twenty-four years, was born at East Water- 
ford, Pennsylvania, in August, 1848. His brother, D. B. 
Clark, is associated with him. 

FRANK CONVERSE is General Manager of the Converse 
Coal Co. at Paonia, Colorado and has been engaged in 
the business for thirteen years. He formerly was with 
the Black Diamond Coal Co. He was born at New London, 
Ohio, in 1859. 



40 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



WILLIAM H. (OLE, President and Manager Leadville 
Ice & Coal Co. and Leadville Coal & Supply Co., Leadville, 
Colorado, was born October 18, 1861, at Mosend, Scotland, 
and has been in the coal business for thirty-four years. 

WALTKH WHALEY CI'RTIS, Colorado Springs, Colorado, 
is President and Treasurer of The Curtis Coal Co. and of the 
Hapson Coal Mining Co. and has been in the business for 
six years. He was born at Klkton, Maryland, September 28\ 
1863, and is a civil engineer by profession, being a member 
of several scientific societies. 

ANTHONY FIDEL is Manager of the Fidel Coal Co. at 
Frulta, Colorado, and has been in the coal business for 
over twenty-five years. He was with the Black Diamond 
Coal Co. formerly and is experienced in coal mining. He 
was born in Pennsylvania. 

GEORGE W. HAIGH. Trinidad, Colorado, is President and 
General Manager of the Trinidad Coal Co. and has been 
connected with the coal industry twenty-eight years. He 
was yardmaster for various Denver concerns in the early 
'nineties and has opened up seven mines in different coun- 
ties of Colorado. He was born in Yorks, England, in 1870. 

ALBERT XV. HALL is Manager of the Red Mountain Coal 
Co. at Cedaredge, Colorado, and has spent eight years in the 
coal business. He was formerly connected with the 
Surface Creek Co-operative Coal Co. He was born at Daven- 
port, Iowa, November 7, 1857. 

HAROLD C. HARMON, Colorado Springs, Colorado, has 
been in the coal business for twenty-nine years and is 
President of the Colorado Springs Fuel Co. He was four- 
teen years with the Colorado Fuel & Iron Co., advancing 
from mine clerk to traveling salesman, and later to Manager 
of the retail department at Denver and Assistant Manager 
of the wholesale department. Mr. Harmon was the first 
President elected by the Rocky Mountain Coal Men's Asso- 
ciation. He was born at Chicago, Illinois, June 10, 1868. 

WILLIAM LOWES, a retail coal merchant at Sedgwick, 
Colorado, has been doing business in Sedgwick nine years. 
He was born in England December 13, 1868. 

JAMES E. McLAL'GHLIN, Trinidad, Colorado, is President 
and General Manager of The Black Diamond Niggerhead 
Coal & Mining Co. He also is the operator and owner of 
the McLaughlin wagon mine near Trinidad. He has been 
in the coal industry for thirty-six years and has been 
President of McLaughlin Bros. Coal Co. and of the Santiago 
Coal Co. In Utah he was for two years Assistant to the State 
Geologist and in Montana he was Manager of the Clark's 
Fork Coal Co.. the Kuntz Mining Co. and the Spring Rock 
Mine. He was for six years Mine Superintendent for the 
Colorado Fuel & Iron Co. In Colorado and Mine Boss and 
Engineer for the Raton Coal & Coke Co. Mr. McLaughlin 
is a member of the Rocky Mountain Mining Institute. He 
was born at Glasgow, Scotland, In 18611 and was raised in 
Will County, Illinois. 

JOHN XV. McGOVERN, Manager and Secretary McGovern 
Coal Co., Pueblo, Colorado, has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness eleven years. He has served as Vice President of the 
Pueblo Retail Coal Dealers' Credit Bureau. Mr. McGovern 
was born in Pueblo June 23, 1881. 

CHARLES McMILLAX, Fort Collins, Colorado, is Secre- 
tary and Treasurer of The McMillan Transfer, Coal & 
Storage Co. He has been engaged in the business thirteen 
years and has served a term as Second Vice President of 
the Colorado Retail Coal Merchants' Association. He was 
born January 1, 1885. In Columbia City, Indiana. 

ANDREW' J. MERRITT, Walsenburg, Colorado, is Audi- 
tor and General Office Manager for the Turner Coal Co., 
the Gordon Coal Co., and the Delcarbon Coal Co., as well as 
President of the Huerfano Agency Co., which handles their 
coals. He also is Selling Agent for a number of small 
mines in the Walsenburg district. He was born in Ashland, 
Kentucky, January 9, 1884, and has been In the coal busi- 
ness ten years. 

J. CRIT MITCHELL, Manager Center Fuel & Supply Co.. 
Center, Colorado, was born at Charleston, Illinois, in 1858 
and has been in the coal business for five years. 

JOHN J. NEISH, Palisade, Colorado, Is Superintendent of 
The Palisade Coal & Supply Co., and has been in the coal 
business for about twenty-seven years. Formerly he was 
connected with the following companies: Rocky Mountain 
Fuel Co., Grand Junction Mining & Fuel Co., Colorado Fuel 
& Iron Co., and the Moffat Coal Co. He was born at Coal- 
ville, Iowa, December 12, 1880. 

C. I'. O'NEILL, Superintendent Allen Coal Co., Coal View. 
Routt County, Colorado, was born October 22, 1862, In 
Kngland, and has been In the coal business for many 
years. He was formerly with the National Fuel Co., South 
i 'anon Coal Co. and Minaqua Coal Co. 

W. L. PATCHEN, Pueblo, Colorado, is Manager of the 
Capers & Helwig Coal Co. and was formerly President of 
the Gordon Coal Co. of Colorado. He has been In the busi- 
ness for eleven years. 



SAMUEL I'ETRY is an individual coal operator and 
retailer at Florence, Colorado, and is owner of a wagon 
mine. He has been in business for eleven years. He was 
born in Italy January 25, 1876. 

THOMAS G. PIERCE is General Manager of the Sunshine 
Coal Co. at Durango, Colorado, and has been in the coal 
business for six years. He was born October 1, 1869, at 
Chariton, Iowa. 

FREDERICK c. REMMER, Victor. Colorado, is Manager 
and Cashier for The Colorado Trading & Transfer Co. 
and was formerly Secretary and Treasurer of the Gold Belt 
Supply Co. He has been in business for eleven years. He 
was born at Yorkville, Illinois, September 18, 1873. 

C. W. RINEHAHT of Cedaredge, Colorado, Is Manager of 
the Green Valley Coal Co. He has been in the business for 
the past three or four years. He was born in Ohio in 1865. 

HENRY W. J. SMITH of the Northern Colorado Fuel Co., 
Coalmont, Colorado, was born December 10, 1887, at Wil- 
liamsport. Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal business 
for ten years. 

C. R. STRAIN is senior member of the firm of Strain 
Bros., Lamar, Colorado, being likewise interested in the 
Lamar Seed Co. and the W. F. McCue Mercantile Co. Mr. 
Strain has been connected with the coal business for twen- 
ty-three years, formerly with M. Strain. He was born at 
Bloomington, Indiana, August 15, 1871. 

RAY STRAIN is junior member of the firm and Manager 
for Strain Bros., coal merchants at Lamar, Colorado. 
He also has coal interests at McClave and La Junta, Colo- 
rado. He has been in the business twenty years and is a 
Director of the Colorado Retail Coal Merchants' Association. 
He was born at Bloomington, Indiana, February 11, 1878. 
.Mr Strain is Mayor of Lamar. 

WELLING A. SIMNER, Walsenburg, Colorado, Sales 
Manager Huerfano Agency Co. and Auditor for the Gordon 
Coal Co., is interested in the Turner Coal Co. Formerly he 
was connected with the Niggerhead Coal Co. and the 
Walsenburg Coal Mining Co. and has served as Cashier, 
Auditor and Salesman. He was born at Des Moines, Iowa, 
November 14, 1885. 

ALVA E. THOMPSON, Walsenburg, Colorado, is Deputy 
State Inspector of Coal Mines in Colorado. He has been 
connected with the coal industry for over twenty years, 
having formerly been with The Colorado Fuel & Iron Co., 
The Choctaw Coal Co., and The Victor American Fuel Co. 
He was born at Camden, Missouri, February 10, 1880. 

R. CLYDE TODD, La Junta, Colorado, is Secretary and 
General Manager of The La Junta Trading Co. and has 
been connected with the coal business for nineteen years. 
He formerly was with the R. W. English Lumber Co. at 
La Junta. Mr. Todd was born at Ft. Scott, Kansas, October 
13, 1878. 

WILLIAM D. TL'DOR is General Manager of the Tudor 
Coal Co. at Colorado Springs, Colorado. He has been in the 
business for over twenty-five years. His company carries 
on a retail, wholesale and mining business. He was born 
at Pine Run, Pennsylvania, September 28, 1873. 

ALBERT It. WKINHOLD, a retail coal merchant at Evans, 
Colorado, has been in the business for six years. He was 
born at Wilson, Kansas, June 7, 1882. 

ERNEST EDMUND WITHERS is Manager of the Iron 
City Fuel Co. at Pueblo, Colorado, and has been in the 
business ten years. He has served as President of the 
Pueblo Retail Coal healers' Association for six years and is 
now First Vice President of the Colorado Retail Coal Deal- 
ers' Association. He was born in Pueblo December 16, 1883. 

HOWE H. WOODFORD is Manager of the Woodford Coal 
Co.. Trinidad, Colorado, and has been in the coal business 
one year. He holds an interest in an undeveloped coal land 
tract of 1,000 acres. He was born at Philippi, West Vir- 
ginia, December 3, 1875. 

J. R. vol ><;. Colorado Springs, Colorado, is the Manager 
of The Pike's Peak Consolidated Fuel Co., and has been in 
the business six years. Mr. Young is Vice President of 
the Retail Coal Dealers' Association of Colorado and Presi- 
dent of the Colorado Springs Retail Coal Dealers' Associa- 
tion. He was born at Topeka. Kansas, July 17, 1876. 

TIMOTHY N. YOL'NG, President and General Manager of 
the Iron City Lumber Co., Pueblo, Colorado, was born May 
20, 1870, In Laclede County, Missouri, and has been in the 
coal business five years. 

WATSON 7.EIGLEH is the President and General Man- 
ager of The Grand Mesa Fuel Co., Delta, Colorado, and has 
been in the coal business for eleven years. He was born 
at Sigourney, Iowa. October 26, 1855. 



41 



DELAWARE 



DELAWARE, upon a per capita basis, is the 
greatest coal consuming state in the country.' Its 
average per capita in 15)15 was 6.69 tons, against 
an average for the United States as a whole of approxi- 
mately five tons. In other words, although Delaware 
produces no coal within its own borders, its proximity 
to the great coal producing states of Pennsylvania and 
West Virginia — which under normal times contribute 
over 50 per cent, of the total bituminous output of the 
country* — makes possible a concentrated manufacturing 
enterprise within its relatively small area that permits 
this member of the Thirteen Colonies to form an im- 
portant unit in the great Atlantic Seaboard workshop 
of the United States. 

If consideration is confined to domestic and indus- 
trial bitumious coal consumption the record for Dela- 
ware assumes added significance. Upon this basis the 
average for the country given above, five tons (inclusive 
of anthracite, railroad and bunker consumption), falls to 
2.04 tons, while Delaware shows a per capita bituminous 
coal consumption of 5.70 tons — a record exceeded only 
by the state of Illinois, where the per capita consump- 



tion in the Chicago industrial district (8.3 tons in 1912) 
raises the general state average to 5.91 tons per capita. 
Delaware, however, has a higher per capita anthracite 
consumption than Illinois, so that the combined indus- 
trial and domestic consumption for both classes of fuel 
is 6.69 tons iu Delaware, against 6.45 tons in Illinois 
and 2.82 tons per capita for the country as a whole. 
Upon a per square mile basis, Delaware shows a con- 
sumption of anthracite and bituminous coal for indus- 
trial and domestic purposes of 597 tons. In this it is out- 
ranked only by Pennsylvania (1,968 tons), the New 
England States (1,525 tons), New York (772 tons) 
and Illinois (764 tons). Even upon the square mile 
basis the Delaware consumption is nearly five times the 
average for the United States as a whole, 123 tons. 

The total bituminous consumption for the state in 
1915 was 1,206,197 tons. Pennsylvania furnished the 
greater part of the fuel used, viz., 951,419. West Vir- 
ginia was second with 245,451 tons, while the remainder, 
9,327 tons, came from the neighboring state of Mary- 
land. The anthracite consumption was 210,000 tons. 



JAMBS B. BICE, retail coal merchant, Dover, Delaware, 
has been in the business twenty-three years. He was for- 
merly a member of the firm of Slaughter & Bice. Mr. Bice 
was born in Maryland September 4, 1858. 

JOHN CONLY of the firm of Conly Bros., coal merchants at 
Wilmington, Delaware, has been in the business for twenty- 
six years. He was born at Wilmington October 27, 1843. 

NEA1. CONLY is a member of the Arm of Conly Bros., 
Front and Madison Sts., Wilmington, Delaware, and has been 
in the business for over twenty-five years. He was born 
August 25, 1845, at Wilmington. 

JOHN M. DONOHOE, Wilmington, Delaware, has been in 
the retail coal business for about nine years. He was born 
at Wilmington November 2, 1874. 

LUTHER W. HURLEY, retail coal merchant of Seaford, 
Delaware, was born April 13, 1853, in Seaford and has been 
in the coal business thirty-three years. 

WILLIAM A. HYDE is Assistant Treasurer of The Ed- 
ward R. Pusey Co. at Wilmington, Delaware, and has been 
connected with the coal business for eleven years. He for- 
merly was with the following: Charles H. Ten Weeges, 
Diamond Ice & Coal Co., and the Charles Warner Co. He 
was born at Hockessin, Delaware, June 14, 1891. 

ANTHONY P. INGRAM, retail coal merchant of Lewes, 
Delaware, was born in Delaware in 1859 and has been in the 
coal business twenty years. 

JUST A G. JUSTIS is President of the J. G. Justis Co., retail 
coal merchants at Newport, Delaware, and has been engaged 
in the business for over thirty years, formerly with John M. 
Newbold. He was born in Maryland October 4, 1866. 



HENRY WARNER McNEAL, Newark, Delaware, has been 
operating a retail coal yard at that place for sixteen years. 
He was born near Elkton, Maryland, March 7, 1870. 

I. ELMER PERRY, coal merchant at Wilmington, Dela- 
ware, has been in the business for eight years and formerly 
was with H. T. Sergeant. He has served as President of. 
the Wilmington Coal Exchange. He was born July 28, 1869. 
in Wilmington. 

EDWARD R. PUSEY is the President of The Edward R. 
Pusey Co. at Wilmington, Delaware, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-one years. Formerly he was con- 
nected with the Consumers Ice & Coal Co. and the Hygeia 
Ice Co. Mr. Pusey has served three terms as Director of 
the Pennsylvania Retail Coal Merchants' Association. He 
was born at Wilmington March 23, 1878. 

VICTOR R. PYI.E is President of the Victor R. Pyle Co., 
Market and D Sts., Wilmington, Delaware, and has been 
identified with the coal business for twenty-nine years. He 
formerly was connected with Cranston, Newbold & Co.. 
George W. McKee and McKee & Pyle. He was born at 
Wilmington April 10, 1865. 

WILLIAM N. RADCLIPF is a retail coal merchant at 
Bridgeville, Delaware, and has been doing business there 
for seven years. 

WILMER STRADLEY, 616 West 20th St., Wilmington, 
Delaware, is Treasurer and General Manager of the Dia- 
mond Ice & Coal Co. He was formerly with the Consumers 
Ice & Coal Co. and has been flfteeen years in the business. 
He was born at Wilmington March 24, 1889. 



42 



DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 

Data on District of Columbia included under Maryland. 

Data on Fuel Administration included under "The World's Greatest Industry in Peace and War," page 7. 




I'llu I i". It \ I'll OF THE STAFF OF THE UNITED STATES FUEL ADMINISTRATION TAKEN OX THE STEPS 
OF THE 1'MTKIl STATES TREASURY BtlLDIXG AT WASHINGTON, IMS. 



DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA— Washington 

JEREMIAH MURRAY IIURRELL, 837 14th St., N. W 
Washington, D. C, is President of The Allegheny Coal Co. 
and a stockholder In the Keystone Coal & Coke Co. of 
Greensnurg. Pennsylvania. He has been identified with the 
coal business for over thirty years and formerly was con- 
nected with the Corona Coal & Coke Co. of Alabama and the 
Austin Coal & Coke Co. of West Virginia. He is a member 
of the Board of Managers of the Coal Merchants' Association 
of the District of Columbia. Mr. Burrell was born in Greens- 
burg June 25. 1854. 

WARD W. GRIFFITH, proprietor of a retail coal busi- 
ness at N and First Sts., Washington, D. C has been a 
retailer for twenty years. He was born in Maryland in 
June, 1873. Mr. Griffith Is highly regarded in trade circles 
and acted as adviser to the District Administrator. 

WILLIAM F. HUMMER, 511 A St., N. K., Washington, D. 
C, has been in the retail coal business for twenty-seven 
years. He has served as Treasurer and Director of the 
Coal Merchants' Association of Washington. He was born 
In Loudoun County, Virginia, March 8, 1867. 

II. FRANK JOY, 1112 Ninth St., N. W.. Washington, D. C, 
has been in the retail coal business for four years. He 
formerly was connected with the firm of Akehurst & Joy. 
Be was born in the city of Washington. 

CHARLES FRANCIS MILLER, President Charles F. Mill- 
er & Co., Chevy Chase, D. C, was born December 11, 1888, 
In Montgomery County, Maryland, and has been in the coal 
business for six years. 



JOHN D. A. MORROW, General Director of Distribution, 
U. S. Fuel Administration. Washington, D. C, was born in 
1881 in Ohio and has been closely identified with the coal in- 
dustry for the past seven or eight years. Mr. Morrow was 
Assistant Secretary of the Federal Trade Commission when 
it was first organized. He was also Commissioner of the 
Pittsburgh Coal Producers Association and General Secretary 
of the National Coal Association before assuming his pres- 
ent duties. 

OTTO G. RAYMOND, Secretary-Treasurer John P. Agnew 
& Co., Inc., of Washington, D. G, was born October 12, 
1882, at Syracuse, N. Y., and has been in the coal business 
for seven years. Mr. Raymond is a Director of the Coal 
Merchants' Association of the District of Columbia. 

WILLIAM H. ROSEWAG, retail coal merchant of Wash- 
ington, D. C, was born June 28. 1875, in. Washington and has 
been In the coal business for three years. 

RODNEY N. SMITH, retail coal merchant of Washing- 
ton, D. C, was born January 25, 1876, in Maryland and has 
been in the coal business twenty-two years. 

WILLIAM D. SUTHERLAND, 3126 14th St., N. W., Wash- 
ington, D. C, Is President and Manager of the lit. Pleasant 
Coal Co. and has been In the business for eight years. He 
was born In Richmond, Virginia, June 11, 1855. George H. 
Sutherland, his son, Is Assistant Manager of the company. 

JOSEPH P. STEPHENSON, proprietor of Stephenson & 
Bros.. Washington, D. C, was born In Washington In 1875 
and has been In the coal business twenty-seven years. 

LUCIEN N. WALTERS of Walters & Co., retail coal mer- 
chants at Washington, D. C, was born January 10, 1850, in 
Virginia and has been In the coal business twenty-one years. 



43 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





HARRY AUGUSTUS GARFIELD, Washington, 

President Williams College, Williamston, Massachusetts, 
was appointed United States Fuel Administrator, with head- 
quarters at Washington, District of Columbia, August 23, 
1917, by President Wilson. He was born in Hiram, Ohio, 
October 11, 1S63, the son of James A. Garfield, the twentieth 
President of the United States. By profession a lawyer, 
by experience a business man, by appointment an educator, 
he brought to the position, a trying one during the great 
war, an ability that made his new duties a success. 



GEORGE OTIS SMITH, Washington, 

Director United States Geological Survey since 1907, with 
headquarters at Washington, District of Columbia, was 
born in Hodgdon, Maine, February 22, 1871, and since his 
graduation from Colby College has been engaged in geo- 
logical work. He and his department played an important 
part in the Fuel Administration during 1917 and 1918. 





VAN H. MANNING, Washington, 

Director of the Bureau of Mines, with headquarters at Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia, was born in Horn Lake Depot, 
Mississippi. For more than twenty years he has been en- 
gaged in technical and scientific work under the Department 
of the Interior. Mr. Manning is a member of leading mining 
and scientific societies and the author of a large number of 
topographic maps and special bulletins, a worthy successor 
of the late Dr. Holmes. 



) by Harris & Ewing. 
CARL EUGENE LESHER, Washington, 

Statistician United States Fuel Administration and Geologist 
United States Geological Survey, Washington, District of 
Columbia, was born in Da Junta. Colorado, in 1885. He was 
a mining engineer and metallurgist engaged in practice in 
British Columbia, Illinois, and New York previous to his 
connection with the Geological Survey, four years of his 
connection with the latter being in charge of the valuation 
of public coal lands. Mr. Lesher's work is considered very 
valuable by the coal industry. 



44 



FLORIDA 



PONCE DE LEON on his record in his search for 
the I'alilcd Fountain of Youth could hardly qual- 
ify for membership in Ye Ancient and Honorable 
Order of Coal Knights, for his journeys led him to a 
garden spot where the fuel man upon business bent finds 
little to arouse his commercial instincts. However, 
those fortunate enough to have wrung wealth out of the 
prosperity created by coal farther north, to disport them- 
selves at Palm Beach, to enjoy San Augustine and the 
other attractions for which our southernmost state is 
famous, will forgive the old Spaniard for his lack of 
consideration. Florida, with an annual coal consump- 
tion in the neighborhood of 250,000 tons, uses a smaller 
amount of coal than any other state in the Union except 
Nevada. 

Upon a per capita consumption basis Nevada is 
forced to yield even that record to its southern sister. 
The average Florida per capita domestic and industrial 
consumption (exclusive of railroad and bunker busi- 
ness) is .20 ton. The low record for the country is 
found in that other great citrus state and national play- 
ground — California — where the per capita consumption 
is .11 ton. Arkansas falls below the Florida record 
by a fraction over .09 ton. Upon the square mile basis, 



however, Florida outranks Arizona (1 ton), California 
and Nevada (2 tons each) and Oregon (3 tons) and is 
on the same plane as Idaho. 

Coming to a concrete tonnage basis it is found that 
Florida used 225,176 tons of bituminous coal and 25,000 
tons of Pennsylvania anthracite in 1915. The bitum- 
inous supplies were all drawn from southern states. 
The neighboring commonwealth of Alabama led with 
108,782 tons; Virginia contributed 40,230; West Vir- 
ginia, 31,980; Tennessee, 26,880; Kentucky, 17,268, 
and Georgia, 30 tons. During the year a small quantity 
of coal, 422 tons of anthracite and 1,909 tons of bitum- 
inous, were exported through the Florida customs dis- 
trict. Imports of 515 tons of bituminous coal were re- 
ported. Bureau of Commerce, Foreign and Domestic 
Commerce figures show that the district supplied 117,- 
201 tons of bunker coal to vessels engaged in foreign 
commerce and 30,552 tons in 1914 to steamships en- 
gaged in domestic trade. 

According to data published in Saward's "Coal 
Trade," the bunker business at Pensacola, Florida's lead- 
ing port, totaled 110,002 tons in 1910. In addition, 11,- 
582 tons were exported through the same port to Mex- 
ico, Cuba, Brazil and Italv. 



FLORIDA 



JOHN GRAY ANDKHSON, JR., is Secretary-Treasurer and 
Manager of the Tampa Coal Co. at Tampa, Florida, and 
has been engaged In the retail and bunker business for over 
ten years. He was born at Williamsburg, Virginia. Lieut. 
K. If. Anderson, X. R. F., is President of the company. 

KIUMIS MAKKtlli: AMIKRSOX. President of the 
Tampa Coal Co., Tampa, Florida, was born October 11, 1882, 
in Accomack, Virginia, and has been in the coal business 
for twelve years. 

J. J. I.OGAX of Jacksonville, Florida, Is President of the 
Logan Coal & Supply Co. and has been engaged In the coal 
business fur thirteen years. He was born in Bradley Coun- 
ty. Tennessee, November 30, 1873. 



R. M. CARV, President of Cary & Co., Inc., 10 South Pala- 
fox St., Pensacola. Fla., established the business over thirty 
years ago. It is the oldest coal concern in western Florida 
and does a large trade in the bunkering of ships, Pensacola 
being the chief port of call for steamers plying between 
gulf ports. Mr. Cary was born in Isle of Wight County, 
Virginia, May 19. 1861. 

JOHN' MASSKY, Secretary of Cary & Co., Inc., Pensacola. 
Florida, has been associated in the coal business with R. IS, 
Cary for twenty years. He was born at the U. S. Naval 
Station In Pensacola July 4, 1877. Mr. Massey has a wide 
acquaintance in the trade and is one of the popular coal- 
men in the south. 

GHOKGB I'. MKSKHVE. retail coal merchant at St. Au- 
gustine, Florida, has been in the business for seven years. 
He was born at St. Augustine September 13. 1890. 



45 



GEORGIA 



IN these clays when the half-billion mark in bitumin- 
ous coal output is history and talk of an annual pro- 
duction of 1,000,000,000 tons is no longer an invi- 
tation to incarceration in a home for the feeble-minded, 
the output currently mined in the state of Georgia does 
not bulk large in the statistical reviews of the coal year. 
While the total area of the Georgia field, estimated at 
167 square miles (not all of which is workable), is the 
smallest in any of the Appalachian states, extensive op- 
erations are carried on in both counties. About 26.2 
per cent of the coal in the Lookout Mountain basin in 
Walker county is distilled into coke and finds a market 
at Chattanooga and other furnace points in Tennessee 
and Georgia. The Georgia coal also has a high reputa- 
tion for bunker and general steam purposes and is used 
at Brunswick and other coast cities. 

The first authentic production records for the state 
appear in the Census report for 1860, when the output 
was placed at 1,900 tons. Figures for the 19 years fol- 
lowing are upon estimated bases. Reliable records re- 
appear in 1880, when the Census report credited the 
state with a production of 154,644 tons. Although sub- 
ject to marked fluctuations there was a general upward 
trend until 1903 when the peak production of 416,951 
tons was reached. From that point there was an un- 
checked decline until 1912, when the output rose from 
165,210 tons to 227,503 tons. There was a slight de- 
crease the next year and a pronounced slump in 1914: 



Year. Ton. 

1880 154,644 

1881 168,000 

1882 160,000 

1883 155,000 

1884 150,000 

1885 150,000 

1886 223,000 

1887 313,715 

1888 180,000 

1889 225,934 

1890 228,337 

1891 171,000 

1892 215,498 

1893 372,740 

1894 354,111 

1895 260,998 

1896 238.546 

1897 195,869 

1898 244,187 



Year. Ton. 

1899 233,111 

1900 315.557 

1901 342,825 

1902 414,083 

1903 416,951 

1904 383,191 

1905 351,991 

1906 332,107 

1907 362,401 

1908 264,822 

1909 211,196 

1910 177,245 

1911 165,210 

1912 227,503 

1913 255,626 

1914 140,243 

1915 134,496 

1916 173,554 



The uneven course in production records for the state 
are attributed by the United States Geological Survey 
to peculiar labor conditions. Commenting upon the sit- 
uation the Survey said: 

"The production of coal in Georgia has fluctuated 
greatly from year to year since 1876, when it first ex- 
ceeded 100,000 tons. A noteworthy feature is that in 
nearly every instance the year following one of the high 
points has recorded the minimum for the period, suc- 
ceeding which there has been a steady building up to 
. the next maximum high point. The fluctuations have 
been due in the past for the most part to peculiar labor 
conditions. Prior to 1904 the principal labor employed 
consisted of convicts leased from the state government. 
An act of the legislature prohibiting the further leasing 
of convicts to industrial enterprises caused the gradual 
withdrawal from the coal mines of this labor when the 
contracts expired and operators in the somewhat iso- 
lated region where the mines are located were unable to 
supply the deficiency by free labor." 

Since 1911 there have been only two mines in opera- 
tion in the state. 

The distribution of the production, using the 1915 
total of 134,496 tons, was as follows: The mines used 
7,200 tons; 35,377 tons were coked and 78,195 tons 
were shipped to local points, making a total internal 
consumption of 120,772 tons. The railroads purchased 
5,000 tons. Shipments to points outside of Georgia 
totaled 8,724 tons and were divided as follows: Ala- 
bama, 38 ; Arkansas, 73 ; California, 30 ; Florida, 30 ; 
Missouri, 538; the Carolinas, 500; Tennessee, 7,359, 
and Texas, 156 tons. 

While the 120,772 tons of Georgia coal consumed 
within the state represented 92.4 per cent, of the total 
production, this tonnage was equal to less than 4.5 per 
cent, of the total bituminous requirements of that com- 
monwealth. Alabama, Kentucky, Tennessee and the 
Virginias were called upon to contribute the other neces- 
sary 95.5 per cent, in the following tonnages : Alabama, 
363,572 tons; Kentucky, 800,822; Tennessee, 481,271; 
Virginia, 368,751, and West Virginia, 41,332. Penn- 
sylvania anthracite receipts for that year approximated 
50,000 tons. Upon a per capita basis the 2,226,520 
tons of coal used within the state were .73 ton bitu- 
minous and .02 ton of anthracite. The square mile con- 
sumption was 37 tons. 



46 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



GEORGIA — Atlanta 



JOHN' Bl'LOW CAMPBELL, President of The R. O. 
Campbell Coal Co. at Atlanta, Georgia, has been In the 
business for twenty-eight years. He is Vice President of 
the Westbourne Coal Co. and Treasurer of the following: 
Campbell Coal Mining Co., Sterbourne Coal Co., Highcliff 
Coal Co., Blue Diamond Coal Co., and Red Feather Coal Co. 
He was born at Atlanta December 15, 1870. 

JOHN C. DBADY, Atlanta, Georgia, is Southern Manager 
for the Bewley-Darst Coal Co. and has been in the coal 
business for about fifteen years. He was formerly con- 
nected with the O'Gara Coal Co., Chicago. He was born in 
Chicago, Illinois, August 17, 1880. 

JIMPSIK FARMER, retail coal merchant at 1264 De Kalb 
Ave., Atlanta, Georgia, has been in the retail business twelve 
years. He has a branch yard at Decatur, Georgia, and for- 
merly was with the Georgia Iron & Coal Co. for nine years, 
holding positions from shipping clerk to Superintendent. 
He was born March 13, 1875, in Conyers, Rockdale County, 
Georgia. 

1IENHY MEINERT of the Henry Meinert Coal Co., Atlanta, 
Georgia, has been in the retail coal trade over twenty years. 
Grover N. Meinert is a member of the firm and General Man- 
ager. 

JOHN H. MOORE, 227 McDaniel St., Atlanta, Ga., has 
been in the retail coal business for twenty-four years. He 
was born at Monroe, Georgia, September 18, 1874. 

WILLIAM LANE RANDALL, 212 Peters Building, At- 
lanta, Georgia, is a member of the retail coal firm of Ran- 
dall Bros., and has been in the business for thirty-two 
years, since its establishment in 1885. He was born at 
Decatur, Georgia, July 9, 1861, and is one of the prominent 
coal merchants in the south. 



GEORGIA 



JAMES G. BARRON, 211 Commerce St., Albany, Georgia, 
is sole owner and Manager of the Barron Coal & Wood 
Co. and has been in the retail business for twenty-one 
years. He began with the Gillespie Coal Co. at Glasgow, 
Scotland, and advanced from miner and wagoner through 
all departments. He was born in Ireland October 15, 1856. 

T. M. CARTER is Manager for Carter & Co., coal and 
cotton factors at Albany, Georgia, and has been identified 
with the coal business for forty years. He formerly was 
connected with N. & A. F. Tift Co. and with Carter & Wool- 
folk. He was born at Augusta, Georgia, in 1841. 

L. J. CASSELS, President of the Kirkwood Ice & Coal 
Co. at Kirkwood. Georgia, has been in the business for 
sixteen years. He was born in Atlanta, Georgia, July 12, 
1874. He is also a member of the firm of Cassels & Fleming. 

LEWIS FLEMISTER is the Manager of the Fowler- 
Flemister Coal Co. at Milledgeville, Georgia. He was for- 
merly with the Cook Lumber Co. and has been in the coal 
business for over ten years. He was born March 10, 1884, 
at Griffin, Georgia. 

NATHAN GADLEY is senior partner in the firm of Gad- 
ley & Griffin at Savannah, Georgia, and has been in the 
retail business for four years. He was born at Walter- 
boro. South Carolina, in March, 1876. 



ERNEST C. GOODWYN is proprietor of a wholesale and 
retail coal business at Newnan. Georgia, and has carried 
it on for about fifteen years. He was one of the organizers 
of the Southeastern Association of Coal Merchants In At- 
lanta, Georgia, 1906. He was born in Newnan July 27, 
1875. 

JAMES D. GRAHAM has been in the retail coal business 
at Dalton. Georgia, since 1892, when he succeeded E. O. 
Herndon. He was born June 27, 1837, in Ganesville, Georgia. 

ROBERT W. GRAVES is President of The Graves-Harper 
Co. at Rome, Georgia, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-seven years. He has served a term as President 
of the Southeastern Coal Dealers' Association. He was 
born at Rome, Georgia, in 1871, and is highly regarded 
in the trade. 

JOSEPH F. GRIFFIN, Savannah, Georgia, is a junior 
partner in the firm of Gadley & Griffin, retail coal mer- 
chants, and has been in the business for four years. He 
was born February 13, 1886. 

WILLIAM LANE HANCOCK, proprietor W. L. Hancock 
Coal Co., Athens, Georgia, was born December 7, 1870, at 
Jefferson, Georgia, and has been in the coal business ten 
years. 

CARL J. HERMAN is a member of the Herman Coal & 
Wood Co. at Savannah, Georgia, and has been in the retail 
coal business for twenty-one years. He was born In 
Savannah November 2, 1875. 

W r ILLIAM WOLFF HERTZ, 360 New St., Macon, Georgia, 
is the proprietor of the business of the Hertz Coal Co. 
and has been doing a retail business for thirteen years. He 
was born at Macon March 7, 1879. 

JOHN B. MILLS is General Manager and Secretary-Treas- 
urer of the Newton Coal & Lumber Co. at Griffin, Georgia. 

DANIEL W. PEACE, retail coal merchant at Douglas- 
ville, Georgia, was born August 29, 1861, at Crawford, Mis- 
sissippi, and has been in the coal business twenty-six years. 

ETHELRED PHILIPS, 1400 Third Ave., Columbus, Geor- 
gia, is head of the firm of E. Philips & Sons. He suc- 
ceeded in 1880 to the coal business established by Charles 
Philips in 1870. George B. and Ernest W. Philips are now 
actively in charge. Mr. Ethelred Philips was born March 
6, 1851, at Mariana, Florida. 

J. W. PHILLIPS is a member of the coal firm of W. C. 
Wykle & Co. at Augusta, Georgia, and its Secretary and 
Treasurer. He is thirty-nine years old and was born In 
Columbia County, Georgia. 

JOSEPH FELDER POU is proprietor of the coal business 
of J. F. Pou & Co. at Columbus, Georgia, and has been 
engaged in the business for twenty-six years. The title 
of the firm was changed from W. L. & J. F. Pou in 1895, 
when W. L. Pou died, his brother, J. F. Pou, buying his 
interest from the widow. Mr. Pou was born at Columbus 
September 16, 1867. 

WILLIAM JAMES RYAN is President of the Vulcan Fuel 
Co., 635 Hull St. W., Savannah, Georgia. He was formerly 
with the Central of Georgia Railway and has been in the 
retail coal business six years. He was born in Savannah 
July 24, 1883. 

ALEXANDER F. SMITH of Herndon & Smith, Elberton, 
Georgia, war born July 13, 1867, in Elberton and has been in 
the retail coal business three years. 

JOHN ESTELLE TARBLEY is Cashier and Office Mana- 
ger for Carter & Co., coal merchants at Albany, Georgia, 
and has been in the business for six years. He was born at 
Canton, Mississippi, October 3, 1890. 

MITLFORD P. WORD, Manager LaGrange Ice & Fuel Co., 
LaGrange, Georgia, was born November 9, 1877, at Rome, 
Georgia, and has been in the coal business fifteen years. He 
was formerly connected with the Rome Ice Mfg. Co. 



47 



IDAHO 



IDAHO entered the ranks of coal producing states less 
than 15 years ago. The early developments centered 
about scattered lignite beds of restricted area, par- 
ticularly in the Salmon district in Lemhi county, near 
the Idaho-Montana state line. In the last two or three 
years, however, production has been confined to one 
bituminous coal mine in the St. Anthony district (Te- 
ton Basin field). Production figures from 1905 to 1913 
were as follows : 

Year. Ton. 

1910 4,448 

1911 1,805 

1912 2,319 

1913 2,143 



Year. Ton. 

1905 5,782 

1906 5,365 

1907 6,508 

1908 5,429 

1909 4,553 



Statistics of production since 1913 are not reported 
separately, but are included in the figures for California 
and Nevada. 

Exclusive of this Idaho coal, all of which presumably 
was consumed within the state, the 1915 consumption 
of bituminous coal totaled 350,380 tons. By far the 
greater part of this came from adjoining state of Utah, 
which shipped in 227,417 tons. Wyoming came second 
with 87,619 tons; Washington shipped 25,000 tons; 
Montana 9,311 tons, and Pennsylvania 33 tons. The 
state also received approximately 1,000 tons of lake 
cargo coal from the docks and 200 tons of Pennsylvania 
anthracite. The per capita consumption was slightly 
in excess of .83 ton. 



IDAHO 



HOWARD E. CAMPBELL, is Secretary-Treasurer of the 
Union Seed & Fuel Co., Ill S. Tenth St., Boise, Idaho, and 
has been engaged in the retail coal business for seven 
years. He was born October 8, 1869, at New Haven, Con- 
necticut. 

A. G. CHANGNON is Manager of the Changnon Commis- 
sion Co. at Idaho Falls, Idaho. Formerly he was with 
Crow & Changnon and has been seven years in the coal 
business. He was born at St. Anne, Illinois, February 4, 
1864. 

ALFRED H. CLEVELAND is a stockholder in the Lewis- 
ton Fuel & Implement Co. at Lewiston, Idaho, and has 
been in the business for three years. He was born at 
Lewiston July 21, 1892. i 

M. B. DENLINGER, proprietor of the Denlinger Coal & 
Ice Co., of Idaho Falls, Idaho, was born in 1856 in Rock 
Island County, Illinois, and has been in the coal business 
in Idaho Falls thirteen years. His company has the 
reputation of being the largest retail coal concern in the 
state. 



M. A. CORNER is co-partner and Manager of the firm of 
Corner & Fisher, coal merchants at Wallace, Idaho. He 
was born in Ohio July 23, 1863. 

JOHN GETTY is the proprietor and Manager of the Getty 
Feed & Fuel Co. at Lewiston, Idaho, and has been in the re- 
tail coal business for seven years. He was born in Ireland 
March 14, 1872. 

OSCAR McCARTOR is Manager of the Moscow Commis- 
sion Co. at Moscow, Idaho. He has been in the coal busi- 
ness for over twenty years. He was born in Indiana Janu- 
ary 11, 1860, and has many warm friends in the trade. 

E. W. MILLER is the owner of a retail coal business at 
Kellogg, Idaho. He has been in the business for twenty- 
four years. He has represented Idaho in the Western Fuel 
Dealers' Association of Spokane, Washington. He was 
born at Canal Dover, Ohio, April 4, 1872. 

LAWRENCE POITWIN is Manager of the East Side Lum- 
ber Co. at Idaho Falls, Idaho, and has been in the retail 
coal business for four years. He was born in Norden, 
Nebraska, April 9, 1886. 

W. S. SIMS is President and General Manager of The 
Sims Co., Idaho Falls, Idaho, and has been in the business 
thirteen years. He was born at Lincoln, Utah, June 1, 1882. 



48 



ILLINOIS 



ILLINOIS has so many claims upon the consideration 
of the coal men of America that it is difficult to 
decide just what particular feature of its overwhelm- 
ing importance as producer and consumer should be 
given precedence. Its leading city shares with Pitts- 
burgh the honor of being the largest coal consuming 
center in the country. As a coal producer it is out- 
ranked only by Pennsylvania and West Virginia. On 
the side of potential coal production it contains the 
largest commercial coal bearing area in the United 
States. To meet its fuel requirements it draws upon 
the resources of ten other states and in turn distributes 
a substantial proportion of its own tonnage to 17 states 
from Minnesota and North Dakota on the north to 
Texas on the south, Nebraska on the west, and Tennes- 
see and Ohio on the east. While Indiana and the south- 
eastern Mississippi Valley marks the normal limits of 
its eastern movements, the strenuous times of the past 
three years have seen Illinois coal go into Canada, New 
York state and Connecticut. 

The coal fields of the state form the western part of 
the eastern interior basin which includes Illinois, Indi- 
ana and western Kentucky. Technically the state has 
been divided into 14 fields and six beds, but, as current 
commercial matter, the mines of the state have been 
classified into six major groups and two important sub- 
sidiary groups. The 14 fields mentioned by the State 
Geological Survey are as follows: Rock Island, North- 
ern, Wilmington, Peoria-Fulton, Grape Creek, Spring- 
field, Virden, Pana, Central Illinois, Centralia, William- 
son-Franklin, Big Muddy, and Saline. The major com- 
mercial groups are: (1) The Southern Illinois District, 
comprising Franklin, Saline, and Williamson counties 
and portions of adjoining counties, including the Du- 
qnoin district in Perry County; (2) the Central Illi- 
nois field, which includes the Springfield, Virden, Pana 
and Centralia fields; (3) the Belleville or Standard Dis- 
trict, designated by the State Survey as Central Illinois. 
which covers the counties contiguous to the St. Louis- 
East St. Louis industrial district; (4) the Danville 
(Grape Creek) field in Vermilion County; (5) the 
Fulton-Peoria County fields, and (6) the Northern 
field in Bureau, LaSalle. Grundy, Will. Putnam, Kan- 
kakee. Livingston, Woodford and Marshal] counties, 
i. e., the Northern and Wilmington fields of the 
State Survey classification. The Big Muddy-Murphys- 



boro field in Jackson county, while of limited area, is 
of considerable commercial importance. The Duquoin 
subdivision has already been mentioned. The Rock Isl- 
and field in MeTcer and Rock Island counties is of only 
limited importance. 

Of the tax seams mentioned No. 1 is of the least com- 
mercial importance at the present time. This bed is 
worked most actively in Mercer and Rock Island coun- 
ties, where the output is most readily accessible to the 
Tri-Cities, which are its chief market. It is also found 
in Brown, Calhoun, Greene, Hancock, Henry, Jersey, 
MeDonough, Schuyler, Scott and Warren counties. 
No. 2 coal is of greatest commercial importance in the 
Northern Illinois-Wilmington field, where it is known 
to the trade as "Third Vein'" and in the Big Muddy dis- 
trict in Jackson county. The deposits in the No. 2 bed 
in the latter field are said to be more nearly akin to the 
high grade coals of the eastern states than at any other 
part of Illinois. The Jackson county coal, according to 
Professor Andros, "has less volatile matter, more fixed 
carbon, less ash and moisture and a higher calorific 
value than the coal in any other (Illinois) district." A 
thin vein of No. 2 coal is also found in Brown, Calhoun, 
Cass, Fulton, Greene, Hancock, Henry, MeDonough, 
Mercer, Rock Island, Schuyler, Scott and Warren 
counties. 

Between 25 and 30 per cent, of the coal mined in the 
state comes from the No. 5 seam which underlies the 
Central Illinois, Harrisburg and Fulton-Peoria fields. 
This bed is found in Cass, DeWitt, Fulton, Gallatin, 
Knox, Logan, Macon, Mason, Menard, McLean, Peoria, 
Saline, Sangamon, Schuyler, Tazewell and Woodford 
counties. The Franklin-Williamson and Belleville 
groups are the principal factors in the No. 6 bed, al- 
though portions of the Central Illinois field, Jackson 
county. Perry county (Duquoin district) and the 
Grape Creek (Danville) district, contribute no mean 
tonnages to the aggregate that gives this bed over half 
of the annual commercial production of the state. In 
detail the No. 6 bed is reported in Bond, Christian, 
Clinton, Franklin, Jackson, Macoupin, Madison, Ma- 
rion, Montgomery, Moultrie, Perry, Randolph, Sanga- 
mon, Shelby, St. Clair, Washington and Williamson 
counties. No. 7 coal is found in Edgar and Vermilion 
counties, but the total production is small. 

What is believed to be the earliest mention of coal in 



49 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



the history of the United States is a reference to Illi- 
nois deposits. Until a few years ago credit for this ref- 
erence was given to a French missionary, Father Hen- 
nepin, for his journal entry of 1679 of the existence of 
a "cole" mine above Fort Crevecoeur, near the site of 
the city of Ottawa. Recent investigation, however, 
gives the first mention as of the year 1673, when the 
discovery of coal near the present city of Utica was 
made by Joliet and Marquette. This was mapped by 
the first named explorer the year following its discov- 
ery. The next mention, after Father Hennepin's, was 
by Father Charlevoix in 1720, when the statement was 
made that "many coals" were found in the environs of 
what is now LaSalle. Further reference to Illinois coal 
is made in "Travels through the Interior Parts of 
North America in 1766, 1767 and 1768 by J. Carver, 
Esq." The existence of coal in the Northern Illinois 
field^ is again recorded in Kennedy's account of his 
search for a copper mine in 1773 and in "Morse's 
American Gazetteer," published in 1797. 

As far as known the earliest record of shipment 
dates back to 1810, when a flatboat load of coal was 
shipped from Brownsville, Jackson county, on the Big 
Muddy river, to New Orleans. Discovery of coal in this 
part of the country came about, according to "Beck's 
Gazetteer of the States of Illinois and Missouri," pub- 
lished in 1823, in the following manner: "Coal exists 
in abundance on this alluvian and the bluffs which 
bound it. Its discovery was made in a very singular 
manner. Many years since, a tree taking fire, com- 
municated to its roots, which continued burning for 
some time. Upon examination, they were found to com- 
municate with a bed of coal, which continued to burn 
until the fire was completely smothered by the falling in 
of a large mass of incumbent earth. About two miles 
from this place a coal bank has been opened — the vein 
is as thick as any at Pittsburgh." 

Beck, in the same publication quoted from above, also 
refers to the existence of coal deposits in Clark, Greene, 
Jackson, Pike and Sangamon counties and in the vi- 
cinity of Alton, the Big Muddy river, Cahokia, Chi- 
cago creek, Crooked creek, Fox river, Bedbud creek, 
Otter creek, Peoria, Spoon river and Sugar creek. As 
early as 1830 St. Clair county coal was used locally for 
blacksmithing purposes. In 1831 Peck, in his "Guide 
for Emigrants," stated that "exhaustless beds" of coal 
exist in the bluffs of St. Clair county and that large 
quantities were being sold in St. Louis at from 10 to 
12 1 /!; cents per bushel. Another writer, three years 
later, declared that the St. Louis trade totaled thou- 
sands of bushels annually. One record for 1833 stated 
that 150,000 bushels had been hauled by wagon from 
St. Clair county mines to St. Louis. 

Although between 1833 and 1850, the estimated pro- 
duction in the state increased from 6,000 to 300,000 
tons, it was not until the era of railroad development 



began, in the early '50s, that the industry began to 
come into its own. In 1860 production had reached 
728,-iOO tons and at the close of the Civil War was 
1,260,000. Until the middle '50s the center of mining 
activity upon a commercial scale appears to have been 
in St. Clair county in the Belleville district, and that 
field held the lead for a number of years. In 1856 the 
LaSalle county beds began to assume importance and 
nine years later the discovery of coal in Will county 
and the organization of the Chicago & Wilmington Coal 
Co. (the father of the present C, W. & F. Coal Co.) 
pushed the third vein field further towards the front. 
About the same time development upon a commercial 
scale was begun in the Danville district. While the 
Belleville district has always remained an important 
factor in the total production of the state, the center 
of production, in the Northern field (LaSalle county) 
has been gradually shifting south. Between 1886 and 
1905, both inclusive, Macoupin or Sangamon counties 
(Central Illinois) led in production 13 out of 20 years. 
Since 1907 the honors have gone to the Williamson- 
Franklin county field. The production record for the 
state as a whole since 1860 is shown in the following 
table : 



Year. Ton. 

1860 728,400 

1861 670,000 

1862 780,000 

1863 890,000 

1864 1,000,000 

1865 1,260,000 

1866 1,580,000 

1867 1,800,000 

1868 2,000,000 

1869 1,854,000 

1870 2,624,163 

1871 3,000,000 

1872 3,360,000 

1873 3,920,000 

1874 4,203,000 

1875 4,453,178 

1876 5,000,000 

1877 5,350,000 

1878 5,700,000 

1879 5,000,000 

1880 6,115,377 

1881 6,720,000 

1882 9,115,653 

1883 12,123,456 

1884 12,208,075 

1885 11,834,459 

1886 11,175,241 

1887 12,423,066 

1888 14,328,181 



Year. Ton. 

1889 12,104,272 

1890 15,292,420 

1891 15,660,698 

1892 17,862,276 

1893 19,949,564 

1894 17,113,576 

1895 17,735,864 

1896 19,786,626 

1897 20,072.758 

1898 18,599,299 

1899 24,439,019 

1900 25,767,981 

1901 ' 27,331,552 

1902 32,939,373 

1903 36,957,104 

1904 36,475,060 

1905 38,434,363 

1906 41,480,104 

1907 51,317,146 

1908 47,659,690 

1909 50,904,990 

1910 45,900,246 

1911 53,679,118 

1912 59,885,226 

1913 61,618,744 

1914 57,589,197 

1915 58,829,576 

1916 66,195,336 



Under normal conditions about 45 per cent, of the 
total production of the state is consumed in local in- 
dustrial enterprises and for domestic uses. The largest 
individual customers of the Illinois mines are, of course, 
the railroad companies, some of which control extensive 
mining operations of their own. While the major rail- 



50 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



road fuel consumption is by transportation companies 
having direct connection with the Illinois mines, dur- 
ing the past two years (1916-1917) Illinois coal has 
been used as locomotive fuel by roads in Canada and the 
Northwest and by carriers operating west of the Mis- 
souri river. Upon a general commercial basis, the Chi- 
cago industrial district is the heaviest consumer. In 
1915 this district used 7,852,675 tons of Illinois coal. 
During that year the output of the state was distributed 
as follows: 

Used within the state, 26,781,713 tons, divided as fol- 
lows : Consumed at mines, 1,533,609 tons ; sold locally, 
•J. 170,114 tons; shipped to intrastate points, 22,778,530 
tons. Shipped to Arkansas, 128,950 tons; Indiana, 825,- 
601 tons; Iowa, 3,053,413 tons; Kansas, 414,467 tons; 
Kentucky, 6,807 tons; Louisiana, 67,338 tons; Mich- 
igan, 83,256 tons; Minnesota, 1,334,330 tons; Missis- 
sippi, 96,577 tons; Missouri, 4,391,722 tons; Nebraska, 
938,905 tons ; North Dakota, 106,674 tons ; Ohio, 3,036 
tons; South Dakota, 319,370 tons; Tennessee, 68,559 
tons; Texas, 20,648 tons; Wisconsin, 1,260,188 tons; 
total, 13,119,841 tons; railroad consumption, 18,928,- 
022 tons; grand total, 58,829,576 tons. 

As a consumer of coal for industrial and household 
purposes Illinois in the aggregate uses more fuel than 
any other state in the Union but Pennsylvania. Its 
normal consumption of bituminous coal alone is in excess 
of the combined anthracite and bituminous consumption 
of the six New England states, although the intense con- 
centration of manufacturing enterprise along the North 
Atlantic seaboard during 1916-1917 suggests that this 
record may not have held true during the past 24 
months. As to its status as an individual consuming 
state, in comparison with other states considering indi- 
vidually, however, there is no question. 

Primarily, this record is made possible because of the 
heavy consumption of fuel in the Chicago industrial 
district. This consumption represents over 50 per cent, 
of the total fuel requirements of the state. It is the 
factor that brings the per capita bituminous consump- 
tion of Illinois above that of any other state in the 
Union. The per capita bituminous coal consumption 
for 1915 was 5.91 tons; of anthracite, .54 ton, making a 
total per capita of 6.45 tons — a record exceeded by but 
one state. Delaware. Upon a square mile basis, Illi- 
nois consumption, 764 tons, ranks a close fourth to the 
New York record of 772 tons. The greater density in 
population in the eastern states, however, permits higher 
square mile consumption in Pennsylvania, the New 
England group and New York state. 

Exclusive of railroad and steamship fuel, the total 
consumption in the state for 1915, as reported by the 
United States Geological Survey, was 43,268,850 tons. 
Pennsylvania anthracite contributed 3,292,000 tons to 
this total. The bituminous consumption was divided as 
follows: Illinois, 26,781,713 tons; Indiana, 4,044,528 



tons; Iowa, 17,700 tons ; Kentucky, 864,047 tons; Mary- 
land, 20,783 tons; Ohio, 287,561 tons; Pennsylvania, 
1,677,186 tons; Virginia, 120,300 tons; West Virginia, 
5,079,032 tons; lake coal, 1,084,000 tons; total, 39,976,- 
850 tons. 

In addition a small tonnage was received from Mis- 
souri, but this total is reported with receipts under Ar- 
kansas. 

The only complete figures covering consumption at 
Chicago were compiled by the Chicago Association of 
Commerce in 1912 in connection with its report upon 
"Smoke Abatement and Electrification of Eailway Ter- 
minals in Chicago." These figures showed the follow- 
ing: 

1. TOTAL CONSUMPTION WITHIN CHICAGO DISTRICT. 

Percent. 

Ton. of total. 

Pennsylvania anthracite 1,827,158 8.62 

Smokeless 1,230,787 5.80 

Coke 3,435,753 16.20 

Illinois bituminous 9,184,126 43.31 

Indiana bituminous 3,084,688 14.54 

Other bituminous 2,446,374 11.53 



21,208,886 100.00 

II. CONSUMPTION WITHIN CITY LIMITS OF CHICAGO. 

Pennsylvania anthracite 1,633,002 

Smokeless 1,174,742 

Coke 3,099,302 

Bituminous 11,675,477 



17,582,523 



That these figures have been vastly increased during 
the past five years is a matter of common knowledge 
and estimates upon current consumption range between 
27,000,000 and 30,000,000 tons. For example, the fig- 
ures under Table I, supra, include 2,815,400 tons of fuel 
consumed by the railroads. Of this amount 2,786,029 
was bituminous coal. The percentage of this fuel origin- 
ating in states other than Illinois and Indiana is so 
small that it may safely be ignored. If this be deducted 
from the totals above shown, the total Illinois and 
Indiana consumption for non-railroad purposes is re- 
duced to 9,482,785 tons. Statistics for 1915 show that 
the non-railroad consumption in the Chicago switching 
district originating in Illinois and Indiana was 10,937,- 
395 tons. Smokeless consumption has greatly increased 
during the past five years; well considered estimates 
place the 1915 consumption for domestic and other low 
pressure plants at 2,600,000 tons. The increased activ- 
ity in steel and other manufacturing enterprises has also 
shot up consumption so that the round figure estimate 
of 30,000,000 tons for 1917 does not appear to be far 
out of line. 



51 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




FRANCIS STUYVESANT PEABODY, Chicago, Illinois, 

Whose coal activities include operations in Illinois, Indiana. Ohio, 
Kentucky, Virginia and Wyoming, is Chairman of the Board of Direc- 
tors of the Peabody Coal Co., Chicago, which does a business of 12,- 
000,000 tons a year. 

Mr. Peabody was born in Chicago in 1859, and went into the coal 
business as a retailer in his native city in 1884, three years after his 
graduation from Yale. Since that year he has had practical business 
experience from every angle of the coal industry, and with success. 
He is prominent in the industrial life of Chicago and Illinois. 

In the recent war he was Chairman of the Committee on Coal Pro- 
duction of the Council of National Defense, and the later success of 
the Fuel Administration was attained on those basic principles 
which he laid down with his committee. 



52 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




CLIFFORD DOUGLASS CALDWELL, Chicago, Illinois, 
Sales Manager of the By-Products Coke Corporation, Vice Chairman of 
the Coke Committee of the Semet-Solvay Co., Vice President of the 
Black Mountain Corporation, President of the C. H. & S. E. R. R., and 
Secretary of the Iroquois Iron Co., with officer in the McCormick Build- 
ing, Chicago, is also a Director of the following companies: Black 
Mountain Coal Corp., Solvay Collieries Co., Iroquois Iron Co., Rogers- 
Brown Ore Co., C. H. & S. E. R. R. Co., C. S. L. Ry. Co. He was born 
in Bristol, Tennessee, October 16, 1872. Mr. Caldwell was formerly con- 
nected with the Jones interests of Pittsburgh for a number of years, 
and has many friends in the coal trade. 



53 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




JAMES EDMUND RUTLEDGE, Chicago, Illinois, 
Late President of the Rutledge & Taylor Coal Co., 1515 Fisher Building, 
Chicago, had been in the coal business for thirty years at the time of 
his death in April, 1918. He had also been President of the following: 
New Staunton Coal Co., St. Louis; Nokomis Coal Co., Chicago; Security 
Coal & Mining Co., Chicago, and the Standard Briquette Fuel Co., 
Kansas City, Missouri. He formerly was connected with the Consoli- 
dated Coal Co. of St. Louis. Mr. Rutledge was born in Bloomington, 
Illinois, October 30, 1861, and was one of the largest and most promi- 
nent of Illinois coal operators. 



54 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




JACKSON K. DERING, Chicago, Illinois, 
President J. K. Dering Co., 332 South Michigan avenue, Chicago, and 
Dering Mines Co., has been active in the coal business twenty-eight 
years. He formerly was connected with the following coal concerns: 
C. U Dering, Consolidated Coal Co., Riverton Coal Co. and the Dering 
Coal Co. of Delaware. Mr. Dering was born in Darlington, Wisconsin, 
August 1, 1870, and Is one of the most popular and capable coalmen 
in the West. 



55 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JOSEPH B. ROYNOIV, Chicago, Illinois, 

Vice President and Secretary J. K. Bering Coal Co., Chicago, 
and Secretary Dering Mines Co., was born in Chicago March 
27, 1874, and has been twenty-five years in the coal business. 
all the time with the present company, an unusual record 
for the coal trade. 



JAMES R. PAULEY, Chicago, Illinois, 

Vice President J. K. Dering Coal Co., Chicago, and Dering 
Mines Co., was born in Lebanon, Ohio, August 16, 1875. 
Previously he had a wide experience in the implement in- 
dustry both in this country and Europe. 





WILLIAM H. D. GIBSON, Chicago, Illinois, 

Of the J. K. Dering Coal Co., McCormick Building, Chicago, 
was born September 1, 1871, in Chicago and has been in the 
coal business ten years. He was formerly with the Chicago 
& Eastern Illinois Railroad and is exceptionally well posted 
on traffic questions. Mr. Gibson has done a great deal of 
excellent committee work for the Chicago Coal Merchants' 
Association. 



MM Ml It R. ODELL, Chicago, Illinois. 

Manager of Country Sales for the J. K. Dering Coal Co., 
McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been in the coal 
business since 1899, with his present company except from 
1910 to 1912, when he was with the Meeker Co. He was 
born at South Bend, Indiana, in 1878. Mr. Odell has a wide 
acquaintance and is popular with the retail trade through- 
out the Northwest. 



56 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




GEORGE B. HARHI\GTOX, Chicago, Illinois, 

President of the Chicago, Wilmington & Franklin Coal Co., 
McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been engaged in 
the coal business for seven years. Mr. Harrington is a 
graduate of Princeton University and of the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, where he specialized in mining 
engineering. He was born at Wilmington, Delaware, in 
1881. Under his management this large and old established 
company has had a most successful growth. 





VMJRI H J. iniiiM \. ChlraKO, Illliiola. 
Vice President and Sales Manager Chicago, Wilmington & 
Franklin Coal Co.. 407 McCormick Building, Chicago, has 
been In the coal business for seventeen years and formerly 
was with the J. S. Wentz Co. and the Royal Colliery Co. 
He was born in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, February 
12. 18S4. 



THOMAS F. HOLMKS, Lincoln, Illlnola, 

General Superintendent Chicago, Wilmington A Franklin 
Coal Co., Chicago, was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1861, 
and has been a resident of Lincoln since 1866. Mr. Holmes 
started in as a bookkeeper at the mines in 1883, and since 
that time has filled every position from day laborer to 
superintendent — a practical mining man. The record pro- 
duction sheets of the company in 1918 tell of his success 
in his line. 



57 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





CHARLES M. IIODEBWELL, Chicago, Illinois, 

President of C. M. Moderwell & Co., McCormick Building, 
Chicago, Illinois, has been in the coal business twenty- 
five years. He is interested in the United Coal Corp., the 
Columbus Mining Co.. and the Thos. N. Mordue Coal Co. He 
was with the Montana Coal & Coke Co. from 1892 to 1899, 
with the Fairmont Coal Co. from 1899 to 1901 and with the 
National Coal & Coke Co. from 1901 to 1903. Mr. Moderwell 
was born May 6, 1868, at Geneseo, Illinois. Mr. Moderwell 
is very highly regarded and commands the confidence and 
respect of the entire trade to an unusual degree. 



I II-: MM I-:. PATRICK, Chicago, Illinois, 

Vice President of C. M. Moderwell & Co., McCormick Build- 
ing, Chicago, Illinois, has been in the coal business fifteen 
years. He was born September 5, 1852, in New York state 
and is well known in the coal trade. 





ARTHUR I.. ALLAIS, Chicago, Illinois, 

Vice President of The United Coal Corporation and of C. 
M. Moderwell & Co., McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois. 
He is also interested in the Columbus Mining Co. and the 
Brazil Collieries Co. He has been in the coal business for 
twenty years and formerly was connected with the Mecca 
Coal Co. and the Rock Run Coal Co. He was born at 
Maries, France, in August, 1868. 



JAMBS BARNES HILTON, Chicago, Illinois, 

Secretary and Treasurer of the Columbus Mining Co., 758 
McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been in the coal 
business for nine years and was formerly connected with 
the United Coal Corporation as its Third Vice President. He 
born in Lowell, Massachusetts, May 25, 1872. 



58 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





M'liMlii HALLIDAV TAYLOR, Chicago. Illinois. 

President of the Taylor Coal Co., 1215 Old Colony Building, 
Chicago, Illinois, has been engaged in the coal business for 
over twenty years. Formerly he was connected with the 
New Kentucky Coal Co. He was born at Columbus. Ohio, 
August 14, 1877. Mr. Taylor is one of the largest and most 
popular of Illinois coal operators. 



EDWIN R. Itl I 1.1 : It. Chicago. Illinois, 

Vice President and General Sales Manager of the Taylor 
Coal Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been 
in the coal business for seven years. He was born at 
Rockford, Illinois, June 27. 1889. Mr. Keeler served with 
the National Guard in Mexico and is at present an officer 
in the United States Army on the staff of Gen. O. L. How- 
ard. Jr., commanding the 161st Field Artillery Brigade. 





■ I A lilt V JOHN II II-. Chicago, Illlnol*, 

Treasurer and Sales Manager of the Taylor Coal Co., Old 
Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, and Vice President of the 
Distributors - Coal Co., was formerly with Guy G. Gibson & 
Co. and the New Kentucky Coal Co. He was born in Chicago 
August 30. 1888. 



B. I,. SHKI'ARD, Chicago. Illinois, 

Secretary Taylor Coal Co., Chicago, was born September 25, 
1868, in Fond du Lac County. Wisconsin. His first business 
ventures were In fire insurance and real estate in Fond du 
Lac. In 1897 he went into the coal business in Chicago, 
continuing until 1912, when he opened an office as a public 
accountant. Mr. Shepard assumed his present position In 
1918. 



59 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




WILLIAM F. WICKHAM, St. Louis, Mo., 

President Wickham & Burton Coal Co., 
325 McCormick Building, Chicago, also 
President Wickham Coal Co.. 412 Pierce 
Building. St. Louis, Missouri, was born 
in St. Louis, where the Wickham name 
is a most highly respected one in 
business circles. At Princeton Uni- 
versity he was a member of the class 
made famous by Woodrow Wilson, now 
President. His early business expe- 
rience was with the Tudor Iron Works 
and the Republic Iron & Steel Co. of 
St. Louis. His first experience in 
the coal industry was with his brother, 
E. F. Wickham, when he joined the old 
St. Louis firm, the Wickham Coal Co., 
and upon his brother's death succeeded 
to the Presidency. He is also Presi- 
dent of the Johnston City Washed Coal 
Co., with mines at Johnston City, Illi- 




FREDKRIC A. Bl'HTOW Chicago, 111., 

Of the Wickham & Burton Coal Co., 325 
McCormick Building. Chicago, exclusive 
sales agents of the Paradise Coal Co., 
a well-known Illinois coal company, 
was born September 12, 1873, in To- 
ronto, Canada. When he came to Chi- 
cago he entered the law office of Bur- 
ton & Harris. As his legal education 
was developed court reporting appealed 
to him, and he specialized along that 
line, with the result that he became 
known as one of the best in the city of 
Chicago. This work brought him in 
contact with the coal industry, and in 
1907 he turned to coal, beginning as a 
jobber in Franklin County (Illinois) 
coal, then a comparatively new field. 
Since that time he has devoted his 
whole time to both the operating and 
selling ends of the coal industry. Mr. 
Burton is also Treasurer of the John- 
ston City Washed Coal Co., with mines 
at Johnston City, Illinois. 



60 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




.1 \ >i I'.S FOHKSTKR, Du i|»..i». IllinoU, 
Vice President Paradise Coal Co., Du 
Quoin, was born June 18, 1868, in Du 
Quoin and in that region of Illinois 
gained a most practical knowledge of 
coal mining. He was for thirty years 
with the Muddy Valley Mining & Man- 
ufacturing Co. at Hallidayboro, Illinois, 
and when it was sold to the Jackson 
Coal Co. he was Its Vice President and 
General Manager. Mr. Forester Is a 
member of the State Mining Board of 
Illinois, a member of the Mine Inves- 
tigation Committee of Illinois, and a 
member of the Kxecutive Board of the 
Illinois Coal Operators Association, and 
stands high in the coal operating cir- 
cles of the state. 




R. J. FORESTER, Do Quoin. IlllnoU. 

General Superintendent Paradise Coal 
Co., Du Quoin, was born in 1884 in Du 
Quoin, and took his degree in mechan- 
ical engineering at the University of 
Illinois. He was first with the Rob- 
erts & Schaefer Co. of Chicago, Illinois, 
and while with them designed the tip- 
ple of the Paradise Coal Co. Then he 
was associated with The Jeffrey Man- 
ufacturing Co. of Columbus, Ohio. In 
1905 he installed the electric plant at 
the Paradise mine, after which he went 
to Mexico to take charge of a mine for 
a syndicate. Here he remained until 
a revolution broke out, whereupon he 
returned to Illinois to become Superin- 
tendent of the Paradise Coal Co. 



61 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





ARTHUR M. HULL, Chicago, Illinois. 
Editor and General Manager The Retail Coalman, Chicago, 
was born in Chicago February 14, 1874, and has been identi- 
fied with the coal trade for seventeen years. He organized 
the Order KoKoai, was Secretary-Treasurer of the National 
Coal Association and Field Secretary of the National Retail 
Coal Merchants' Association. 



MORTON HISC'OX, Chicago, Illinois. 
Business Manager The Retail Coalman, Chicago, was born 
in Westerly, Rhode Island, October 3, 1868. His connection 
with the coal trade dates from 1906 when he became asso- 
ciated with The Retail Coalman. 





JOHN GROEN1ER, Chicago, Illinois. 
Secretary and Treasurer The Retail Coalman, Chicago, has 
been connected with the coal trade for sixteen years, for- 
merly with the Illinois and Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' 
Association, and since 1907 with The Retail Coalman. He 
was born in Holland September 21, 1879. 



WILLIAM A. IRELAND, CoIumbiiN, Ohio, 

"The Cartoonist of the Coal Trade," was born in Chilli- 
cothe, Ohio, in 1880. His cartoon in every issue of The 
Retail Coalman is a feature that has endeared him to the 
hearts of all connected with the coal industry. 



62 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



BIG CREEK COLLIERY CO. 

Peoples Gas Building 

CHICAGO, ILL. 

One of the largest and most important of Illinois coal com- 
panies is the Big Creek Colliery Co., with headquarters at Chi- 
cago. This company, of which Charles I. Pierce is President 
and C. E. Karstrom Secretary and Sales Manager, is the selling 
organization of two large operating companies in the Southern 
Illinois field as follows : 

SALINE COUNTY COAL CO.. with five operations in Sa- 
line County, Illinois, operating since 1906, and located on the 
Big Four, Illinois Central and Louisville & Nashville Railway, 
producing "Premium*' Harrisburg coal. 

BIG CBEBK COAL CO., with three operations in Fulton 
County, Illinois, operating since 1004, on the Chicago, Burlington 
& Quincy Railway and the Toledo, Peoria & Western Railway, 
producing ''Big Creek" coal. 

Tliis company is equipped to fill all kinds of contracts. Its 
products are known as "Premium" and "Big Creek" coals. 



63 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





FEN WICK C. ATWILL, Chicago, Illinois, 

President and Treasurer of The Atwill-Makemson Coal & 
Coke Co., McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, was for- 
merly with The Marmet Co. and the Richards-Ambler Co., 
and has been in the coal business nineteen years. He was 
born June 4, 1878, in Burlington. Vermont, son of the late 
Rt. Rev. Edward Robert Atwill, first bishop of the Episcopal 
diocese of West Missouri. Mr. Atwell is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, and he has a host of warm friends in the 
coal trade. 



JAMES LEROY MAKEMSON, Chicago, Illinois. 
Vice President and Secretary of the Atwill-Makemson Coal 
& Coke Co.. McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, has 
been engaged in the coal business for eighteen years. He 
was formerly with C. K. Pittman, Richards, Ambler & Co. 
and the New Kentucky Coal Co. He was born December 
20, 1880, in Iowa, and has a wide acquaintance in the trade. 





I lei n C. HONNOLD, Chicago, Illinois. 
Secretary-Treasurer and General Manager Chicago & Big 
Muddy Coal Co. and New Enterprise Coal Co., 2013 Fisher 
Building, Chicago. Illinois, has been in the coal business 
for twelve years and holds the following offices: Secretary- 
Treasurer of the Illinois Coal Operators' Association and of 
the Southern Illinois Coal Operators' Association; Secretary 
of the Franklin County Coal Operators' Association; Direct- 
or of the Illinois Coal Traffic Bureau; Illinois Director of 
the National Coal Association. He was born in Missouri in 
1872. Dr. Honnold is Distributor of the United States Fuel 
Administration for Illinois, Indiana and Western Kentucky. 



OSCAR M. BURNETT, Chicago, Illinois, 

General Sales Manager Chicago & Big Muddy Coal Co., 
2013 Fisher Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been in the 
coal business ten years, five of which Were passed as travel- 
ing salesman for the company. He was born near Marion, 
Illinois, July 23, 1871. 



64 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



' 





WILLIAM D. miMliini. Chicago, Illinois, 

President of the Wm. D. Elmstrom Coal Co., 1116 East 
Forty-second St., Chicago, Illinois, has been engaged in 
the coal business for over twenty years. He was one of 
the organizers of the Chicago Coal Merchants' Association 
and of the Chicago Track Coal Dealers' Association, and 
has served as President and Director of both organizations. 
He was born in Buffalo, New York, May 15, 1861. 



VATHANIE1 H. KENDALL, Chicago, Illinois, 

Commissioner of the Chicago Coal Merchants' Association, 
Plymouth Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been connected 
with the trade for six years. He was born in Chicago Sep- 
tember 14, 1877, and was formerly in the railroad business. 
Mr. Kendall is well posted on traffic matters and under his 
management the Chicago association has enjoyed a splendid 
growth. 





i l.ll I nitli II. Ji:\KI\S, ChlriiKO, Illinois, 
Late Manager The Domhoff & Joyce Co., 348 Railway Ex- 
change Building, Chicago, Illinois, had been in the coal and 
coke business eighteen years at the time of his death, Jan. 
9. 1919. He was born In Cincinnati April 10. 1881. Mr. Jen- 
kins had been uniformly successful and had many friends 
in the trade. 



K.WMOM) D. JENKINS, Chicago, Illinois, 

With the coke department of the Atwill-Makemson Coal & 
Coke Co., McCormlck Bldg., Chicago, Illinois, was fourteen 
years with The Domhoff & Joyce Co., located at the Cincin- 
nati office for seven years and later at Cleveland and Chi- 
cago as the Assistant Manager. He was born in Cincinnati 
September 18, 1885. 



65 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





GCSTAVE GOLSEN, Chicago, Illinois, 

President of the Golsen-Doan Coal Co., President of the 
Merrimac Anthracite Coal Corporation and Vice President 
and Director of the Boonville Mining Co., has been in the 
coal industry for over thirty years. He was formerly with 
the United States Coal Co. as its President and with O'Gara, 
King & Co. as its Secretary. He was born in Chicago April 
7, 1869. 



(.ion.. i ; H. Dii \ \. Chicago, Illinois, 

Treasurer of the Golsen-Doan Coal Co., Old Colony Build- 
ing, Chicago, Illinois, has been in the business for twenty- 
eight years. He was with the Grape Creek Coal & Coke 
Co. of Chicago from 1887 to 1890 and organized and sunk 
the Royal Colliery mine at Virden, Illinois. He represented 
the Chicago, Wilmington & Vermillion Coal Co. in Chi- 
cago from 1896 to 1902. Mr. Doan was born at Danville, 
Illinois, in 1867. 





CHESTER A. HARRIS, Evanston, Illinois, 

President Modern Coal Co., whose property is located a Ses- 
ser, Franklin County, Illinois; Vice President Harris-Dilla- 
vou-Dimond Co., who distribute the coal from the Modern 
Coal Co., the West Frankfort Coal Co. and the Crown 
Coal Mining Co., was born in Lena, Illinois, August 29, 1879. 
He started in business in 1904 at Champaign, Illinois, and 
was succeeded May 10, 1907, by Chester A. Harris & Co., 
which company was later succeeded by Harris-Dillavou & 
Co. in March, 1913. 



JOHN »i. iill.l. \ \ in . Evanston, Illinois, 

President Harris-Dillavou-Dimond Co., Old Colony Building, 
Chicago, who distribute the coal produced by West Frankfort 
Coal Co., West Frankfort, Franklin County, Illinois, Modern 
Coal Co., Sesser, Franklin County, Illinois, and Crown Coal 
Mining Co., Winkle, Perry County, Illinois, and Secretary 
and Treasurer Modern Coal Co.. is likewise interested in 
the West Frankfort Coal Co., and has been connected with 
the coal industry twelve years. He was born in DeLand, 
Illinois, November 22, 1883. 



66 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





COL. MICHAEL R. KKLI.Y, Chlpn K o, 111,,,..,.. 
Partner and Manager tn the firm of E. L. Hedstrom & Co., 
.Marquette Building:, Chicago, Illinois, has been in the busi- 
ness since May 1, 1879, when he started to work for the 
company he now manages. He was born in St. Johns, New- 
foundland. Colonel Kelly is highly respected in trade 
circles and has served on the Governor's personal staff. 



CLARK T. ROBERTS, (h lento. Illinoix, 

Of the firm of E. L. Hedstrom & Co., 140 South Dearborn 
Street, Chicago, was born in Buffalo, New York, July 1, 1869, 
and has been thirty-eight years in the coal trade. He is 
one of the Roberts brothers, who have an unusually wide 
circle of friends in the coal trade. 





■nBBHMHBHM 

HF.XRY J. it. u ill ic. C'hlraKO. IlllnoU. 
President of Henry Holverscheid & Co., Old Colony Building, 
Chicago, Illinois, is likewise President of the following: 
Barker Coal Co., Albany Coal Co., Carter Coal Co., Domes- 
tic Coal Co. He has been engaged in the coal business for 
over thirty years, fifteen of which were with the Pennsyl- 
vania Coal Co. He has served as President of the Kantishna 
Club, composed of Chicago coal men, and was a Director 
for three years. He was born in Chicago, December 30, 1871. 



HENRY IIOIA i:i(M lll'.ll). Chleiigo, Illliioin, 

Late President of Henry Holverscheid & Co., Chicago, was 
born in Stratford, Ontario, Canada, August 31, 1856, and died 
at Hinsdale. Illinois. January 23, 1917. He started In busi- 
ness with Blake, Whitehouse & Co.. Chicago, and later was 
with the Pennsylvania Coal Co., their successor, for twenty- 
five years. In 1901 he organized his own company and 
gained a wide reputation as a pioneer in the sale of Ken- 
tucky coals in the North. At the time of his death he 
was also President of a number of Chicago retail coal 
companies. 



67 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





THOMAS DAYHOFF HASKETT, Chicago, Illinois, 

President of the Power Coal Co., 616 Fisher Building, Chi- 
cago, Illinois, has been in the business for thirteen years. 
He is Vice President of the Rowland-Power Coal Co. of 
Indiana and of the Rowland-Power Consolidated Coal Cq. 
He formerly was connected with the following concerns: 
H. W. Finch, Chaffln Coal Co., C. G. Blake Co., and Big Creek 
Colliery Co. He was born at Kokomo, Indiana, May 19, 1884, 
and enjoys a wide personal acquaintance. 



ROSS FREER MARINE, i I, i.-.-i - ... Illinois, 

Secretary of the Power Coal Co., 616 Fisher Building, 
Chicago, Illinois, has been connected with the coal 
business for fifteen years. Other firms with whom he has 
worked are the following: Federal Coal Co., Sedalia Coal 
Co., O. S. Richardson Coal Co., White Oak Coal Co., Marine 
& Ward. Rutledge & Taylor. Mr. Marine was born in 
Vinton, Iowa. November 8, 1878, and is considered an 
unusually good salesman. 



HENRY P. POPE, Chicago, Illinois, 

Manager and proprietor of the busi- 
ness of George G. Pope & Co.. Fisher 
Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been 
engaged in the coal business for 
thirty-three years. He is a Director 
of the Worth-Huskey Coal Co., Vice 
President of the Ridge Coal Mining 
Co., Vice President of the Knox Coal 
Mining Co., and a Director of the 
United Fourth Vein Coal Co. Mr. Pope 
has filled the office of President of 
the Chicago Coal Trade Golf Associa- 
tion and is Vice President of the Na- 
tional Coal Trade Golf Association. 
He was born in New Bedford, Massa- 
chusetts, October 7, 1864. He was for- 
merly a stockholder in the Big Muddy 
Fuel Co. and is now interested in the 
Franklin. Coal Co. and the S. W. Little 
Coal Co. 



r.i;oiu.i: <;. POPE, Chicago, Illinois, 

Was born in New Bedford, Massachu- 
setts, in 1825, and died in Chicago 
September 21, 1906. He was one of 
the California pioneers, going to 
California via the Isthmus of Panama 
in 1850 and remaining there until 1856, 
and was Secretary of the Chicago So- 
ciety of California Pioneers for many 
years, holding that office until the 
time of his death. He first entered 
the coal trade in 1876, in the employ 
of E. L.. Hedstrom & Co., and organ- 
ized the firm of Geo. G. Pope & Co. in 
1878, continuing same until his death. 



68 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





PIERRE CHARLES RICHARDS, Chloaito, Illinois, 

President and Treasurer of the coal firm of Richards, Evans 
& Co., 417 S. Dearborn street, Chicago, Illinois, has been in 
the business since 1887, formerly with The Marmet Co., 
as Manager. He was born at Bedford, Indiana, January 
15, 1861. Mr. Richards is unusually well-posted on coke 
and highly respected in the trade. 



JOHN HENRY EVANS, Chicago, Illinois, 

Vice President and Secretary Richards, Evans & Co., 417 
South Dearborn St., Chicago, Illinois, was formerly con- 
nected with the Chicago office of the Marmet Co. and has 
been in the coal business for seventeen years. He was 
born at Newtown, North Wales, July 11, 1882, and Is well 
acquainted with the Chicago trade. 





WIIJJAM P. WORTH, ChieaKO, Illinois, 

President of the Worth-Huskey Coal Co., Old Colony Build- 
ing, Chicago, Illinois, has been twenty years In the business. 
He is also President of the Franklin Coal Co. and of the 
Knox Coal Mining Co. and Treasurer and Oeneral Manager 
of the Ridge Coal Mining Co. Formerly he was President of 
the Garden City Fuel Co. and Secretary and Treasurer of 
the LJll-Roblnson Coal Co. He has been Vice President of 
the Chicago Track Coal Dealers' Association and of the 
Sunset Club. He was born in Chanriahon, Illinois, January 
7, 1870. 



HAKLKY A. HCSKEY. ChU-aKO, Illinois, 

Treasurer and General Manager of the Worth-Huskey Coal 
Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been con- 
nected with the coal trade for twenty-two years, formerly 
with the F. G. Hartwell Co., Austin Coal Co., and Bedford 
Coal Co. He Is Treasurer and Manager of the Knox Coal 
Mining Co. and T.easurer of the Franklin Coal Co. Mr. 
Huskey has served as President of the Chicago Coal Trade 
Golf Association. He was born at Carllnvllle, Illinois, Sep- 
tember 22, 1879. 



69 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




H. FLOYD CLINCH, Chicago, Illinois, 

Member of the coal firm of Crerar, Clinch & Co., Chicago, 
Illinois, having interests also in the Equitable Coal & Coke 
Co., the Searls Coal Co., and the Duncan Coal Co., has been 
connected with the coal business twenty-nine years. He 
was born at Savannah. Georgia, July 19, 1865. Mr. Clinch 
also has large real estate interests in Chicago and is one 
of its substantial citizens. 



JOHN < nil! lit. (hie-ago, IlllnoiH, 

Senior member of the coal firm of 
Crerar. Clinch & Co., 645 Rookery 
Building, Chicago, has been in the coal 
business twenty-nine years. Mr. Crerar 
was born January 7, 1857, in Pictou, 
Nova Scotia, Canada, a seaport noted 
as a shipping point for coal mines ad- 
jacent to it, and it seemed befitting tlvit 
he should locate in Chicago, one of the 
greatest coal markets of the world, 
and should become well-known in the 
coal industry. He has other extensive 
business interests, and is rated high 
in the business life of Chicago and the 
coal industry of the country. 





EDWIN CARY SEARLS, Chicago, Illinois, 

General Manager Crerar, Clinch & Co., St. Louis, Missouri, 
and Chicago, Illinois, was born December 10, 1866, in Buf- 
falo, New York, and has been in the coal business for the 
past eighteen years. Mr. Searls is well known and has 
many warm friends in coal trade circles. He is also inter- 
ested in the Searls Coal Co., Majestic Coal & Coke Co.. and 
is President of the Illinois Coal Operators Association. 



CHARLES H. EHHERT, Chicaeo, Illinois, 

General Sales Manager for the White Oak Coal Co., 122 
South Michigan Ave., Chicago, Illinois, has been connected 
with the coal business for over twenty years. He started 
with the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad in 1899 as Traveling 
Coal Freight Agent and soon became associated with F. D. 
Garrison in selling by-product coke from the ovens at Ham- 
ilton, Ohio. In 1900 he became Sales Manager in Chicago 
for the Chicago-Virden Coal Co. and in 1902 organized the 
Ogden Coal & Coke Co. Later he was with the Drexel Coal 
Co. and the Black Band Coal Co. He has been with the 
White Oak Coal Co. since 1908. He was born at Columbus, 
Kentucky, January 4, 1871. 



70 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





HARRY C. ADAMS, Chicago, Illinois. 

President The Jones & Adams Coal Co., 1103 Steger Building, 
Chicago, was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been 
interested both in mining and selling coal thirty years. His 
former connections were A. T. Thatcher & Co. and The 
Turney & Jones Co. He has been President of the Central 
Illinois Coal Operators' Association, and has been prominent 
in the councils of the operators. 



i.ii.i.m. AMBLER, Chicago, Illinois, 

Senior member of the firm of Kugene Ambler & Co., 343 
South Dearborn Street, Chicago, Illinois, was born at 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, May 23, 1875, and has been engaged 
in the coal business for over twenty years. He formerly 
was associated with the Richards. Ambler & Co. He served 
as Imperial Modoc, Order KoKoal, and is one of the most 
popular of Chicago coalmen. 





BDWARD THACHBB KENT, Chicago, HllnoU, 

President Oglesby Coal Co., Oglesby, since the death of his 
father, Thacher T. Bent, In 1908, has been active In the coal 
Industry thirty-eight years. He was Secretary of the first 
Interstate Joint Conference held at Columbus, Ohio, in 1886: 
for many years was Secretary-Treasurer of the Illinois Coal 
Operators' Association and was its President in 1916-17. He 
represented the Illinois coal operators on the Liability Com- 
mission. Recently he was Assistant to the President of the 
Spring Valley Coal Co., Spring Valley. Illinois. He was born 
in Kenosha, Wisconsin, January 20, 1863. 



WAl.TlsIt SCOTT I I . i iii.-.-iu... mi,,.. i,. 

President of W. S. Bogle & Co., Inc., 343 South Dearborn 
Street, Chicago, Illinois, is one of the largest Indiana opera- 
tors. He is also Interested in the Pittsburgh-Belmont Co. and 
No. 8 Coal Co. of Ohio. He completed fifty years' association 
with the coal business July 6, 1918, and formerly was 
with the following: D. Bogle, D. Bogle & Sons, King & 
Bogle. Delaware & Hudson Canal Co. and Crescent Coal & 
Mining Co. He was born at Dover, New Hampshire, April 3, 
1 s r, 2 . Mr. Bogle is highly respected and considered the dean 
of the Chicago coal trade. 



71 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





ROBERT C. CANTEI.OU, Chicago, Illntols, 

Western Manager for The Houston Coal Co., 700 Old Col- 
ony Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been twenty-six 
years in the coal business and formerly was connected with 
MacFarlane & Co., Louisville, Kentucky, Castner, Curran & 
Bullitt, Consolidation Coal Co. and The C. G. Blake Co. He 
was born in Lowndes County, Alabama, July 4, 1866. Mr. 
Cantelou is very popular in the trade and considered an 
unusually good salesman. 



RODERICK W. CLASSEN, Chicago, Illinois. 

Advertising Manager with the Taylor Coal Co., 1215 Old 
Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, was with Roberts & 
Schaefer Co. for six years and for the same period with 
The Retail Coalman as Service and Advertising Manager. 
He was born in Chicago May 10, 1888, and has a wide 
acquaintance in the coal trade. 





THOMAS HENRY COCHRAN, Chicago, Illinois, 

President Ender Coal Co., Fisher Building, Chicago, Illinois, 
has been engaged in the coal business seventeen years. He 
was with O'Gara, King & Co. from 1900 to 1904. He was 
born in Centerville, Iowa, May 15, 1878. 



FRED H. II \ it u lion. Chicago, Illinois, 

President of the New Kentucky Coal Co. and Traffic Manager 
Illinois Coal Traffic Bureau, Fisher Building, Chicago, Illinois, 
was born in Chicago January 15, 1863. He was for twenty- 
two years with the Illinois Central Railroad, being Coal 
Traffic Manager from 1904 to 1909. He has been in the coal 
business for eight years and has many friends in the trade. 



72 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




JAMES A. GAI.LIGAJi, Chicago, Illinois, 

Sales Agent Pickands, Brown & Co., McCormick Building, 
Chicago, has been in the business eleven years. He was born 
in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, September 28, 1875. Mr. Galligan 
was formerly Assistant General Purchasing Agent for the 
Allis-Chalmers Co. In his present connection he has had 
an active part in the sales direction of introducing Solvay 
Coke. "The fuel without a fault." and has seen it grow in 
the West from infancy to a substantial tonnage in both 
metallurgical and domestic channels. Mr. Galligan is Dis- 
trict Coke Representative in the Middle West for the United 
States Fuel Administration. 





i 



WILLIAM CHKSTKH HI 1,1,, ChloaKo, IlUnoU. 

Vice President and General Sales Agent of the Thos. N. 
Mordue Coal Co., Peoples Gas Building, Chicago, Illinois, has 
been Identified with the coal industry for twenty-six years. 
He was formerly with the Chicago & Carterville Coal Co. 
and the Consolidated Coal Co. of St. Louis, Missouri, and 
has filled the office of President of the Chicago Coal Ex- 
change, President Chicago Coal Trade Golf Association and 
Treasurer of the Chicago Automobile Club. He was born 
at Chester, Illinois. December 5, 1868. 



CHARLES W, JACKSOX, Chlcaico. IlllnoU, 

Has been in the coal business thirty years, during which 
time he has been with C. K. Plttman. Davis Coal & Coke Co., 
Rogers, Brown & Co.. and the F. G. Hartwell Co. He has 
served as Chairman of the Arbitration Board of the Chicago 
Coal Merchants' Association and the Tean.sters' Union. 
He was horn in Albia, Iowa, September 2, 1868. 



73 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





HOMER D. JOM5S, Chicago, Illinois, 

President and Treasurer of the Western Fuel Co., Adams 
and Rockwell Sts., Chicago, Illinois, has been in the coal 
business twenty-five years. He is a Director of the Chi- 
cago Coal Merchants' Association, Chairman of its Cost and 
System Committee, and a member of the Retail Advisory 
Committee of the Cook County Fuel Administration. He 
was born in Columbus. Ohio, December 24, 1879. Mr. Jones 
is considered ah authority on the cost of retailing- coal. 



CHARLES EDWIN KARSTROM, Chicago, Illinois, 

Vice President and Manager of Sales for the Big Creek Col- 
liery Co., Peoples Gas Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been 
in the coal business for thirteen years. He was born in 
Chicago January 29, 1888. 




J. I,, ivl ll'l,i:i \. Chicago, Illinois, 

Secretary-Treasurer of the New Kentucky Coal Co., 1709 
Fisher Building, Chicago, Illinois, was formerly with the 
Consolidated Coal Co. of St. Louis and has been in the 
business twenty-three years. He is Secretary of the 
Williamson County Coal Operators' Association. He was 
born at East St. Louis, May 17, 1879. 



MITCHELL & DILLO.X COAL CO., 
Chicago, Illinois, 

One of the oldest and widely-known 
of Chicago coal firms, was founded in 
1875 in Burlington, Iowa, but removed 
soon after to Chicago. They were the 
first, about 1889, to make their head- 
quarters in the Bedford Building, 
which afterward became the home of 
many of the Chicago coal trade. 

A. Mitchell, the founder, died October 
13, 1913, and W. J. Dillon, who had 
started as an office boy. in the firm, 
became, and still is, President of the 
company. A. Mitchell, a son of the 
founder, is now Secretary-Treasurer. 

The firm, in specializing in certain 
grades of bituminous coal and anthra- 
cite, has gained a wide reputation not 
only at the mines but in the West and 
Northwest. 



74 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





WILLIAM P. 'i. Ml' I \ n. Chicago, lllinolH, 
President Franklin Star Coal Mining Co., Chicago, was born 
in Canada August 31, 1875, and has been in the operating 
and selling ends of the coal business eighteen years. He is 
also Interested in coal operations in Perry, Jefferson and 
Franklin counties, Illinois. Mr. McMillan was formerly 
with Guy G. Gibson & Co.. and MacBridge, Simpson, Mc- 
Millan & Co., and organized, developed and operated the 
Ziegler District Colliery Co., the first mine in Christopher, 
Illinois. He was Vice President and General Manager until 
he became associated with the late Fred A. Busse, after 
whose death he became associated with a bond house until 
he organized his present company. 



H. S. MIKKSKI,!., Chicago, IllinoiM, 

President and Treasurer Mikesell Bros. Co., 178 North LaSalle 
Street, and Vice President and a Director Textile Convert- 
ing Co., Chicago, was born in Everett, Pennsylvania, August 
16, 1871, and has been in the coal business fifteen years. He 
was formerly connected with the Choctaw, Oklahoma & Gulf 
Railroad, Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co., Consolidated In- 
diana Coal Co., Coal Valley Mining Co., and Rock Island 
Mining Co., and has a wide and varied experience in coal 
matters. 





\ \inti \\ T. MI'RPHY, ChlcaKO, llllnol*. 
President and Publisher of The Black Diamond, the well- 
known weekly trade journal, published at Manhattan Build- 
ing, Chicago, Illinois, was born in Quincy, Illinois. Novem- 
ber 21, 1878. The Black Diamond is the second oldest coal 
trade publication and under Mr. Murphy's management has 
shown steady progress. 



JOHN PTNOBON, i iiiv«ii. IlllnolH, 
Western Sales Agent for the Crozer-Pocahontas Co., 1105 
Fisher Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been connected with 
the coal business for thirty-nine years. He has been with 
the following concerns: Pennsylvania Coal Co. of Pennsyl- 
vania, Star Coal Co. of Illinois, John Pynchon of Milwaukee 
and Chicago, Kanawha & New River Coal & Coke Co. 
and the F. G. Hartwell Co., Chicago. He was born at 
Springfield, Massachusetts, June 11, 1856, and is one of 
Chicago's best known coalmen. 



7.5 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





HIDGELY RBA, Chicago, Illinois, 

Chicago Manager for The Deep Vein Coal Co., 343 S. Dear- 
born St., has been in the coal business for twenty-six years, 
formerly with the following concerns: Consolidated Coal 
Co., St. Louis, Missouri, North Western Fuel Co. and Hunter 
W. Finch. He was born at Springfield, Illinois, February 
17, 1867, and is well-known in the Chicago trade. 



GEORGE W. REED, Chicago, Illinois, 

Vice President Peabody Coal Co., Chicago, Illinois, has been 
in the coal business fifteen years. He was formerly with 
O'Gara, King & Co. and President Lincoln-Springfield Coal 
Co. Mr. Reed was Secretary of the Committee on Coal Pro- 
duction, Council of National Defense. He has been the rep- 
resentative of the Illinois Coal Operators' Association and 
the Indiana Bituminous Coal Operators' Association In a 
number of cases before the Interstate Commerce Commis- 
soin. He was born in Dubuque, Iowa, September 3, 1878. 





MARK A. ROLFE, Chicago, Illinois, 

President of the Black Gem Coal & Coke Co., Old Colony 
Building, Chicago, Illinois, was born April 9, 1869, at Rome, 
New York. Mr. Rolfe is well known in the Chicago coal 
trade and has been successful in handling both steam and 
domestic coal. 



LEON ROMANSKI, Chicago. Illinois. 
President and Manager of the Atlas Coal & Coke Co., Old 
Colony Building, Chicago, has been connected with the busi- 
ness for over twenty years. He was born November 24, 1876. 
Formerly he was with the Eureka Coal & Dock Co., the Lin- 
coln-Springfield Coal Co., the O'Gara Coal Co. and the Luh- 
now Coal Co. Mr. Romanski was one of the founders of 
the Order KoKoal, the Chicago Coal & Coke Exchange and 
the National Coal Jobbers' Association. 



76 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





I ill li \\ . I I'll \ >i, Chicago, lllinoix, 

President of the Consumers Co., Conway Building, Chicago. 
Illinois, has been thirteen years in the coal business. He 
Is also interested in the Peabody Coal Co. He was born 
In Racine, Wisconsin, January 29. 1861. Mr. Upham is one of 
Chicago's prominent citizens, has served on the Board of Re- 
view, and held many important civic positions. 



CARL SCHOLZ, Chicago, lllinoix, 

General Manager Valier Coal Co. and Consulting Mining 
Engineer Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway Co., was 
formerly President of the Rock Island Coal Mining Co. and 
Coal Valley Mining Co. He has been connected with the 
coal business twenty-six years. Mr. Scholz served three 
years as President of the American Mining Congress, has 
been on various committees of the American Institute of 
Mining Engineers, and is a member of the Western Society 
of Engineers. He went to Europe in 1910 to investigate 
mining conditions for the United States Bureau of Mines. 
He was born in Germany, at Slawentzitz, July 2, 1872. 





STKWART K. SMITH, Chicago, Illlnolii, 

Receiver Consolidated Indiana Coal Co., Fisher Building, 
'hicago, has been connected with the business twenty years. 
The following positions were formerly held by Mr. 
Smith: Chief Engineer, Northern Pacific Coal Co., Ros- 
lyn, Washington; General Superintendent, Utah Fuel Co., 
Salt Lake City, Utah; General Superintendent, Bering 
Coal Co., Chicago. Illinois; General Manager, Vinton Col- 
liery Co., Vintondale, Pa. His experience as a mining en- 
gineer and superintendent has practically covered the states 
of Washington, Montana, Utah, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, 
Oklahoma and Pennsylvania. Mr. Smith is the inventor of 
the tilting type of box car loader. He was born In Somerset, 
Michigan. 



in: I. OS HULL, Oak Park, lllinoix. 

Former retail coal merchant, was born near De Ruyter, 
New York, April 12, 1842. He entered the coal business In 
1893 and sold out to the Consumers Co. of Chicago in 1913. 
For many years he was active in retail coal association 
affairs, serving as President of the Illinois and Wisconsin 
Retail Coal Dealers' Association and of the National Coun- 
cil of Retail Coal Merchants, as well as being instrumental 
In organizing many state and local retail coal associations. 
He now makes his home at Canon City, Colorado. 



77 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



OGLESUY COAI, CO., Oirlesby, IUinniH. 

This company, with both office and 
mine at Oglesby. LaSalle County, Illi- 
nois, was organized in 1867 by Thacher 
T. Bent, and is one of the oldest and 
best known companies in Illinois. 
During its existence of over half a cen- 
tury it has been owned and operated 
by the Bent family. 

The mine is located on the Illinois 
Central Railway, Chicago, Milwaukee 
& St. Paul Railway and the Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy Railway. The 
coal is the Third vein, thin seam, Illi- 
nois, of a high grade quality for steam 
and domestic purposes, the mine being 
especially equipped to prepare most of 
its product of 225,000 tons annually 
for domestic use. 

The personnel of the company at 
present is as follows: 

President — Edward T. Bent of Chi- 
cago. 

Secretary and Treasurer — Henry A. 
Bent of Oglesby. 

Superintendent — J. Raymond Bent of 
Oglesby. 

President Bent has been actively en- 
gaged in the coal industry for thirty- 
nine years. His knowledge was relied 
upon to a great degree by the Illinois 
Coal Operators' Association since its 
formation in 1898, and in all joint con- 
ferences of operators and miners he 
took a most active part. 

Secretary and Superintendent Bent 
are both practical coal operators, with 
a thorough knowledge of conditions 
that govern the conditions of thin 
seam mining in the northern part of 
Illinois. 

The Bent family, coming originally 
from the western part of Massachu- 
setts, has been so long associated with 
the coal mining industry of Illinois 
that no movement for the betterment 
of the operating end of the trade can 
be touched upon without some refer- 
ence to this respected family. 



W. D. OBCAMP, I. in. -Kin. IllinoiH, 
President and General Manager of the 
Citizens Coal Mining Co. at Lincoln, 
has been connected with the coal busi- 
ness twenty-four years. He is a mem- 
ber of the Executive Board of the Illi- 
nois Coal Operators' Association. He 
was born in Lincoln, November 8, 
1868. 



E. C. OBCAMP. Lincoln, Illinois. 

Vice President and Secretary of the 
Citizens Coal Mining Co. at Lincoln, 
has been in the coal industry twenty- 
eight years and is a member of the 
Illinois Coal Operators' Association. 
He was born December 13, 1871, in 
Lincoln. 



E. H. BUCKLEY, Springfield, Illinois, 

President and General Manager of the 
Athens-Dawson Coal Co., Springfield, 
has been in the business sixteen years, 
formerly with the Sangamon Coal Co. 
He was born in Springfield August 10, 
1884. Mr. Buckley is also interested in 
the Chicago-Williamsville Coal Co. 



78 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





CHARLES ('. SWIFT. I.nSalle. IllinoiH, 

General Manager of the LaSalle County Carbon Coal Co. 
at LaSalle, Illinois, has been connected with the company 
for eleven years. Formerly he was with the Chicago, 
Wilmington & Vermillion Co. He was born at Streator, 
Illinois, June 14, 1877, and has taken an active interest in 
the affairs of the Illinois Coal Operators' Association. His 
predecessors were Franklin O. Wyatt and Howard S. Hazen. 



ill \ i H. ARMSTRONG, Lincoln, Illinois, 

General Manager of the Lincoln Mining Co., Lincoln, Illi- 
nois. He has been connected with the business for twenty- 
three years, formerly with The Decatur Coal Co. at Niantic, 
Illinois. He was born September 28, 1873, at Macon, Illi- 
nois. Mr. Armstrong has been interested in the work of 
the Illinois Coal Operators' Association for many years. 





ROBERT FORSYTH, Mariana, Illinois. 

Vice President and General Manager of The Carterville & 
Herrin Coal Co. and President of the Dozo Valley Coal Co., 
has been in the business for twenty-three years. He was 
formerly with the Borders Coal Co. and the Forsyth Coal 
«'•) until July, 1916, when he obtained the controlling 
interest in the Carterville & Herrin Coal Co. He has been 
a Director of the Illinois Coal Operators' Association and 
of the Fifth and Ninth District Association. He was born 
in Scotland June 10. 1864. 



OBOROH V. I'KWVKI.I., Pana, Illinois, 

President of the Penwell Coal Mining Co. at Pana, Illinois, 
has been Identified with the coal industry since 1888 and is 
a member of the Illinois Coal Operators' Association. He 
was born in LaPorte, Indiana. February 6. 1846, and Is one 
of the well-known coal operators of Illinois. 



79 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JOHN H. BONTJES, Peoria, Illinois, 

President of The B. & B. Coal Co. and well-known coal 
operator of Peoria, Illinois, was born February 15, 1871, at 
Petersburg, Illinois, and has been in the coal business for 
the past sixteen years. Mr. Bontjes is also President of 
the Citizens Coal Mining Co. of Springfield, Illinois, and an 
active member of the Illinois Coal Operators' Association. 



MAURICE E. CASE, Peoria, Illinois, 

Secretary-Treasurer and General Manager of the Crescent 
Coal Co., Jefferson Building, Peoria, Illinois, has been 
connected with the business for nine years. He has taken 
an active interest in the work of the Illinois Coal Operators' 
Association. He was born at Peoria September 29, 1872. 





JAMES B. DOOLEY, Peoria, Illinois, 

President of Dooley Bros., Peoria, Illinois, has been in the 
coal business twenty-nine years. He began his career in 
the industry at the age of nine as trapper in Canadian mines. 
He was formerly with the Eastern Coal Co., and has served 
as President of the Peoria Coal Club and of the Illinois and 
Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' Association. He was born 
in Nova Scotia June 21, 1856. 



ARCHIBALD T. McMASTER, Peoria, Illinois, 

President of the McMaster Coal Sales Co., Lehmann Build- 
ing, Peoria, Illinois, has been in the coal business for 
twenty-six years, formerly with Miles & Co., Newell Coal 
Co. and Clark Coal & Coke Co. He has held the office of 
Secretary of the Peoria Retail Coal Bureau and Vice Presi- 
dent of the Illinois and Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' 
Association. He was born at Girard, Illinois, August 21, 
1874. Mr. McMaster has served as President of the Central 
Illinois Republican Club and has been active in politics. He 
is a Knight Templar, Mason and Shriner. 



80 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





THOMAS M1WSAJ1, Peoria, Illinois, 

General Manager for Newsam Bros., coal operators, has 
been in the business for thirty-one years. He was born in 
Lancashire, England, September 3, 1854. Mr. Newsam is 
one of the well known and highly respected coal operators 
in his district. 



WILLIAM W. M< in,. Peoria, Illinois. 
Secretary and Treasurer of the Peoria Fuel Co., has been 
in the coal business for twenty-eight years. He is President 
of the Peoria Coal Club and is active in the Illinois and 
Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' Association. He was born 
at Peoria February 22, 1865. 





RICHARD o\\ i \ .SHARON, Peoria, Illinois. 
President and Manager of the Sharon Coal Co. at Peoria, 
Illinois, has been in the coal business for eighteen years. 
He formerly was connected with the East Cuba Coal Min- 
ing Co., P. W. Meehan and the Jones & Adams Coal Co. He 
was born at Sciota, Illinois, September 24, 1871. Mr. Sharon 
Is an old railroad man and since entering the coal business 
has been successful and has a host of friends in the trade. 



KDWI1V HOLTOIV KEELER, Roekford, Illinois. 
Secretary-Treasurer of the Roekford Lumber & Fuel Co., 
Roekford, Illinois, has been connected with the coal business 
thirty-five years. He is also Treasurer of the Taylor Coal 
Co.. Chicago, and Vice President of the Keeler Lumber & 
Fuel Co., Beloit, Wisconsin. He was born in Janesville, 
Wisconsin. August 13, 1863. Mr. Keeler is one of the 
most successful and highly rosppcted retail coal merchants 
in the west and has always been active in every movement 
for the betterment of the trade. 



81 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



ILLINOIS — Chicago 



CHARLES W. ALABKCK, 2042 Howe St., Chicago, Illi- 
nois, is City Sales Manager for the Thomson Coal Co., with 
which he has been connected for the past eight years. He 
has been in the coal business for twenty-three years and 
formerly was with Coxe Bros. Coal Co. and the Crescent 
Coal Mining Co. He was born at Dubuque, Iowa, in 1880. 

ANDREWS ALLEN is President of the Allen & Garcia 
Co., 955 McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois. He has 
been identified with engineering work in connection with 
the coal mining industry since 1900. He was born at 
Madison, Wisconsin, January 11, 1870. 

FRANK ARLT, 2658 West Twenty-first St., Chicago, Illi- 
nois, is Manager of the Carter Coal Co. and is also inter- 
ested in the Warren Park Coal Co. He was formerly with 
the Albany Coal Co. and has been in the business for eight 
years. He was born in Chicago in 1889. 

SAMUEL I. BABCOCK is President of the Babcock Coal 
Co., McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois. He was for- 
merly with W. P. Rend & Co. as salesman and has been 
In the business for eight years. He was born at Lowell, 
Indiana, in 1880. 

JAMES B. BEARDSLEE, Fisher Building, Chicago, Illi- 
nois, is Assistant Western Manager for the Consolidation 
Coal Co. and has been in the coal business for nineteen 
years, formerly "with the North Western Fuel Co. He was 
born at St. Paul, Minnesota, December 19, 1880. Mr. Beards- 
lee is at present Assistant Distributor for the United States 
Fuel Administration at Washington, D. C. 

CHARLES A. BELKE, Fisher Building, Chicago, Illinois, 
has been engaged in the coal business for sixteen years. 
Formerly he was Treasurer of the Federal Coal Co. and 
Assistant Sales Manager for the Hart-Williams Coal Co. 
He was born in Chicago in 1874. 

ALBERT L. BERRY, 234 South LaSalle Street, Chicago, 
Illinois, is the head of the firm of A. L. Berry & Co. and 
has been engaged in the coal business for thirty-four years. 
He was born at Norwalk, Ohio, but says he is too old now 
to remember the date of his birth. Mr. Berry established 
the Berry Coal & Coke Co. in St. Louis, Missouri, which has 
become the Berry-Bergs Coal & Coke Co. 

J. EDWARD BISHOP is President of the Bishop-Hamlin 
Coal Co. at Sixty-first and State Streets, Chicago, Illinois. 
He formerly was connected with the New Kentucky Coal 
Co. as Manager and has been in the business for thirteen 
years. He was born at Joliet, Illinois, December 4, 1874. 

WILLIAM BLAIR, General Sales Agent for Henry Hol- 
verscheid & Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, has 
been in the coal business for twenty-one years. He for- 
merly was traveling salesman for the W. L. Scott Co. and 
Western Agent for the Susquehanna Coal Co. He was 
born at Gratis, Ohio, in 1854. 

EDWARD J. BOBBER, is President of the Robey Coal 
Co., 5012 South Paulina Street, Chicago, Illinois, and has 
been in the retail coal business for seven years. He was 
born in Chicago, June 5, 1896. 

WILLIAM CLEAVELAND BODMAN, Peoples Gas Build- 
ing, Chicago, Illinois, is Salesman for the F. G. Hartwell 
Co. in northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin. He has 
been connected with the coal business for twenty years. 
He was born in Milwaukee in 1858. 

F. ALFRED BRAHM is Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Piatt & Brahm Coal Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, 
Illinois. He has been in the coal business for twenty-eight 
years, formerly with Coxe Bros. & Co. and The Lehigh 
Valley Coal Co. in Chicago. He was born at Sheboygan, 
Wisconsin, July 14, 1874. 

W. A. BREWERTOIV is President of the Sangamon County 
Mining Co., 140 South Dearborn St., Chicago, Illinois. He 
has been in the coal business for twenty years, formerly 
with the O'Gara Coal Co. He was chairman of a reorgan- 
ization committee of the O'Gara Coal Co. Mr. Brewerton 
was born in Chicago May 23, '1883. 

LEONARD GEORGE BRUDER was Manager for B. Nicoll 
& Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, for several 
years, and has been connected with the coal business for 
twenty-five years. Formerly he was with the following: 
Peabody Coal Co., Brazil Coal Co., Bryan & Eberhart Coal 
Co. and Davis Coal & Coke Co. He was born at Granville, 
Illinois, February 3, 1873, and is a specialist on the sale of 
smithing coal. 

ALBERT J. BUNGE is President of Bunge Bros. Coal Co., 
Lake and Paulina Streets, Chicago, Illinois. He has been 
in the business for thirty-six years and has served several 
terms as Secretary and Treasurer of the Chicago Coal Mer- 
chants Association. He was born January 17, 1867, in 
Chicago, and is regarded as one of Chicago's substantial 
retail coal merchants. 



JOSEPH BUSH is General Manager of The Robey Coal 
Co., 5812 South Robey Street, Chicago, Illinois, and has been 
in the coal business sixteen years, formerly with the Pea- 
body Coal Co. and the W. P. Rend Coal Co. He was born 
in Italy, June 26, 1884. 

CHARLES R. CAMPBELL is Vice President of The Con- 
sumers Co., Conway Building. Chicago, Illinois, and has 
been in the coal business twenty-one years. He was born 
in Iowa April 12, 1869. 

ROBERT H. CLARK, 35 South Dearborn St., Chicago, Illi- 
nois, is President of the Clark Coal Co. and has been in the 
business for twenty-six years, formerly with David Rutter 
& Co., Inc , as Secretary. He was born at Canajoharie, New 
York, January 1, 1866. 

WILLIAM HUNT COMSTOCK, President and Treasurer of 
the Cross Creek Coal Co., 6 North Clark Street, Chicago, 
Illinois, has been in the business for over thirty years. He 
was formerly a member of the firm of France & Co. and 
of Comstock Bros. He was for thirteen years Manager of 
the city sales department for Coxe Bros. & Co. Mr. Com- 
stock was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, January 29, 1854. 

JAMES P. CONNERY is Secretary-Manager of the Miami 
Coal Co., 1804 McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois. He 
formerly was connected with The Silver Creek & Morris 
Coal Co. and with the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron 
Co. and has been in the coal business thirty-one years. He 
was born in Chicago May 17, 1865. 

JOHN T. CONNERY, President of the Miami Coal Co., 
1804 McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been en- 
gaged in the coal business for forty odd years. He was 
formerly Secretary of the Silver Creek & Morris Coal Co. 
and of the Youghiogheny & Lehigh Coal Co., and connected 
with E. L. Hedstrom & Co. and The Pittsburgh Coal Co. 
He was born in Bristol, Rhode Island, January 10, 1861. 
He is interested in The Ohio Fuel Co. and The Barney 
Coal Co. of Birmingham, Alabama. 

JOHN H. COULTER is Treasurer of The Martin-Howe 
Coal Co., McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, and Secre- 
tary of The Tecumseh Coal & Mining Co. He has been 
engaged in the coal business for eighteen years. He for- 
merly "was connected with the firm of George G. Pope & 
Co. He was born at Cleveland, Ohio, in 1877. 

RAYMOND E. DANIELS is President and Treasurer of 
Edwin F. Daniels & Co., 120 Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, 
Illinois. He has been connected with the coal business for 
seven years, prior to which time he practiced law. He 
was born in Chicago, August 26, 1883. 

GEORGE A. DAVIDSON owns the business of G. A. Da- 
vidson & Co., 353 North Elizabeth St., Chicago, Illinois. He 
has been in the coal business for thirty-eight years, with 
Wm. E. Johnson & Co. for fourteen, when he became a 
member of the firm of D. H. Preston & Co., and since the 
retirement of Mr. Preston July 1, 1905, has carried on the 
business under his own name. He was born in Chicago, 
January 27, 1864. 

WHITFIELD G. DAVIS is President of The W. G. Davis 
Coal Co., 307 Parkside Ave., Chicago, Illinois, and formerly 
was with The Traill Coal Co. He has been in the coal 
business for eleven years. He was born at Shabbona, Illi- 
nois, in 1875. 

LYE HARPER DAYHOFF, Maywood, Illinois, is Vice 
President of the Jones & Adams Coal Co., 1103 Steger 
Building, Chicago, and has been in the business fifteen years. 
He was born in Chicago August 22, 1885. 

W. T. DELIHANT, 5820 Race Ave., Chicago, Illinois, is 
Sales Manager for Edwin F. Daniels & Co. and has been 
in the coal business for thirty-eight years. Formerly he 
was connected with W. P. Rend & Co., New Kentucky Coal 
Co., Peabody Coal Co., Chicago Washed Coal Co., F. G. 
Hartwell Co., Reynolds Coal Co., and F. A. Busse Coal Co. 
He has been President of the Standard Washed Coal Co. 
and the Commercial Coal & Coke Co. He was born at 
Florissant, Missouri, in 1860. 

WILLIAM J. DILLON is President of the Mitchell & 
Dillon Coal Co., 203 South Dearborn St., Chicago, Illinois. 
He has been in the coal business for twenty-nine years 
with the same company. He was born at Oshawa, Canada, 
September 18, 1874, and commands the respect of all who 
know him. 

CHARLES H. DREISKE, 814 North Sawyer Ave., Chicago, 
Illinois, is a retail coal merchant who has been in the 
business for twenty-two years. He has been connected 
with the following concerns: W. D. Dreiske & Co., L. F. 
Dreiske & Co., William Dreiske & Co. He was born In 
Chicago, October 6, 1877. Mr. Dreiske has served several 
terms as a Director of the Chicago Coal Merchants' Asso- 
ciation and on various committees of that organization. 
He has also been President, Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Sunset Coal Club, composed of west side coal merchants 
in Chicago. 



82 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



WILLIAM D. DHEISKE, 3036 Chicago Ave., Chicago, Illi- 
nois, formerly with Wm. D. Drelske & Co., retail coal mer- 
chants, was born September 18, 1881, and has been in the 
coal business for ten years. 

ILHERT PRANK DRILBY, Vice President of the Druley 
& O'Brien Co., 4619 Park Ave., Chicago, Illinois, has been 
in the retail coal business for thirteen years. He formerly 
was connected with the J. E. Decker Coal Co., Delos Hull 
.^ Co mil the Consumers Co. He was born In Joliet, Illinois, 
November 13, 1887. 

PAUL, DI17.YMAI.SKI, President of the Polonia Coal Co., 
1360 West North Ave., Chicago, Illinois, has been engaged 
in the retail coal business twenty years. He has served as 
;i Director of the Chicago Coal Merchants' Association. Mr. 
I iizymalskl was born in Poland December 16, 1877. 

CHARLES ALLEN EASTMAN, Vice President of the 
Eastman-Barber Co., Chicago, Illinois, has been in the coal 
business thirty-six years and is interested in several retail 
yards In Chicago. He formerly was connected with the 
following concerns: Southern Ohio Coal & Iron Co., S. J. 
Patterson Co., Coxe Bros. & Co., Zellcr, McClellan & Co., W. 
L. Scott Co., Susquehanna Coal Co., and the Eldridge Coal 
Co. He was born in San Francisco, California, in 1863. Mr. 
Eastman now holds a commission as Major in the Quarter- 
master's Corps. Major Eastman has taken part in many 
important actions before the Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission. 

CLAUDE N. EASTMAN is President of the Eastman Coal 
Co., 260 West Sixty-ninth St., Chicago, Illinois, and has 
been in the retail business for sixteen years. He was born 
at Plattsville, Wisconsin, December 15, 1879. 

ANDREW ELLISON, President of the Ellison Warehouse 
& Van Co., 3047 Sheffield Ave., Chicago, Illinois, has been 
In the retail coal business twenty-nine years. He was 
born in Sweden April 23, 1854. 

LAWHENCE W. FERGUSON, President of the Ferguson 
Coal Co., 1123-1129 Ardmore Ave., Chicago, Illinois, was 
formerly Western Manager for the Davis Colliery Co. and 
has been in the coal business for nineteen years. He was 
born March 22, 1876, at Leroy, Illinois. 

AUGUST W. FLECK, 1432 Wells St., Chicago, Illinois, 
has been in the retail coal business for over thirty years. 
He formerly was a member of the firm of J. Fleck & Son. 
He was born in Chicago, in 1858. 

WILLIAM J. FRECKLETON, 1356 West Forty-seventh 
St., Chicago, Illinois, has been in the retail coal business 
for twenty-eight years. He was born in the north of Ire- 
land. 

ALFRED FRERK AND OTTO FRERK are partners in 
the business of Henry Frerk Sons, 3135 Belmont Ave., Chi- 
cago, Illinois. They have been connected with the retail 
trade for twenty-six years. Both were born in Chicago, 
the former September 17, 1874, and the latter January 19, 
1877. 

RORERT L. GREEN, salesman for Henry Holverscheid & 
Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been con- 
nected with the coal business for about twenty-five years. 
He was formerly with the Brazil Block Coal Co., Sunday 
Creek Coal Co., and Paint Creek Collieries Co. He was 
born at Shelbyville, Indiana, September 6, 1857. 

EUGENE E. GRUMBINE, 4445 Greenview Ave., Chicago, 
Illinois, Is a salesman for the Interstate Coal & Dock Co. 
and is also interested in a retail coal yard. He has been 
with Coxe Bros. & Co. and the Susquehanna Coal Co., and 
has been in the business as a salesman for sixteen years. 
He was born at Ohio, Illinois, April 12, 1874. 

HARRY MILLARD HALL Is Vice President of the Fort 
Dearborn Coal Co., 343 South Dearborn St., Chicago, Illi- 
nois. He formerly was for six years with the Chesapeake 
& Ohio Railroad as Coal Freight Agent. He has been Sec- 
retary of the Kantishna Club of Chicago and a Director 
of the Chicago Coal Trade Golf Association. He was born 
at Marshalltown, Iowa. September 16, 1883, and is one of 
the most popular of the younger coalmen. 

HUBERT P. HARMON, President and Treasurer of David 
Rutter & Co., 417 South Dearborn St., Chicago, Illinois, has 
been engaged in the coal business for about twenty-five 
years. He was born In Chicago January 21, 1873, attended 
the Chicago Manual Training School and the University of 
Michigan, and started with the above firm as office boy, hav- 
ing been identified with them continuously to the present 
time. 

PRBD <;. HARTWELL, President F. G. Hartwell Co., 
Chicago. Illinois, and also President of the Bcrwlnd Fuel 
Co., has been Identified with the coal business forty-one 
years. He was born In Amsterdam, New York. August 1, 
1881. Mr. Hartwell Is considered one of the leaders in the 
western coal trade. 



MORRIS W. HARTWELL, 5222 Dorchester Ave., Chicago, 
Illinois, is Vice President of the F. G. Hartwell Co., and 
has been actively connected with the coal business for over 
twenty-five years. He was born at Joliet, Illinois, August 
23. 1865. 

CHARLES H. HASSMANN, Secretary of the Worth-Hus- 
key Coal Co., 2624 North Sawyer Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, 
has been in the coal business sixteen years. He was for- 
merly with the Martin-Howe Coal Co. and is interested in 
the Ridge Coal Mining Co. He was born in Chicago Feb- 
ruary 3, 1881. 

DE FORREST WEAD HEATH, Secretary and Treasurer 
of The Jones & Adams Coal Co., Steger Building, Chicago, 
Illinois, has been in the coal business for over thirty years. 
He was formerly with A. T. Thatcher and the Turney & 
Jones Co. He was born in Homer, Louisiana, May 3, 1853. 

OTTO H. HEDRICH, President and Treasurer of Otto H. 
Hedrich & Co., Monadnock Building, Chicago, Illinois, has 
been engaged in the coal business for thirty-two years. 
He formerly was with Robert Law, the Brazil Block Coal 
Co. and the Brazil Coal Co. He was born in Chicago in 1869. 

THEODORE L. HEDRICH, Vice President of Otto H. Hed- 
rich & Co., Monadnock Building, Chicago, Illinois, was for- 
merly connected with the Brazil Coal Co. and has been 
eighteen years in the coal business. He has filled the office 
of Secretary of the Chicago Coal & Coke Exchange. He 
was born March 15, 1876, in Chicago. 

HARRY L. Hill 1/1. lit. Country Sales Manager Taylor 
Coal Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago. Illinois, started his 
career in the coal business with Fred A. Busse in 1896. His 
experience in the last twenty-two years has embraced every 
phase of the coal business from retailing to producing com- 
panies, having been in business, wholesale and retail, for 
himself at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, for several years. Mr. 
Hirtzler was born in Chicago February 16, 1883. 

HARRY HOLVERSCHEID, Hinsdale, Illinois, is Treasurer 
of the coal firm of Henry Holverscheid & Co., Old Colony 
Building, Chicago, Illinois. He has been in the business 
ten years and is interested in the following concerns: Bar- 
ker Coal Co., Carter Coal Co., Albany Coal Co. and Domestic 
Coal Co. He was born in Chicago March 27, 1889. 

ROBERT HOLVERSCHEID, Secretary Henry Holverscheid 
& Co., Chicago, was born in Chicago July 9, 1887, and has 
been in the coal business for seven years. He is also Secre- 
tary of the Albany Coal Co. and Carter Coal Co. and Secre- 
tary-Treasurer of the Barker Coal Co. and Domestic Coal 
Co. He resides at Hinsdale, Illinois. 

CHARLES E. HOSTLER, Manager of Country Sales for 
the Globe Coal Co., 332 South Michigan Ave., Chicago, Illi- 
nois, has been in the coal business for twenty-eight years. 
He formerly was with the Hostler Coal & Coke Co. and 
with the Eureka Coal & Dock Co. He was born at Milton 
Center, Ohio, February 5, 1867, and has a wide acquain- 
tance throughout the West. 

SIDNEY P. HOSTLER, Manager of the S. P. Hostler Coal 
Co.. Ellsworth Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been in the 
business twenty-nine years. He was formerly with the 
Winifrede Coal Co. and the O. S. Richardson Coal Co. He 
has served as a Director of the Chicago Coal Trade Associa- 
tion and has been for years a leading advocate for recipro- 
cal demurrage laws. Mr. Hostler was born in Ohio Decem- 
ber 28, 1861. 

PRANK F. HYNES is one of the proprietors of Hynes 
Bros., retail coal merchants at 3624 south State St., Chi- 
cago, Illinois, and has been in the business for sixteen 
years. He was born at Stoughton, Wisconsin. 

ALEXANDER S. IRVINE, 6620 South Park Ave., Chicago, 
Illinois, is a retail coal man who has been in the business 
for twenty-six years. He was born April 27, 1867, at St. 
John, New Brunswick. 

THOMAS CLEVELAND IRWIN, 7403 Evans Ave., Chi- 
cago, Illinois, has been in the coal business sixteen years. 
Prior to the present he was Chicago Manager for Rutledge 
& Taylor, and previous to that with the W. L. Scott Co., the 
Susquehanna Coal Co. and the White Oak Coal Co. He was 
born at Trenton, Missouri. June 23, 1883. 

EDGAR JAMES. 5821 South Halsted St.. Chicago. Illinois, 
is President of the James Coal Co. and has been In the retail 
business for twenty-nine years. He was born at Darlington, 
Wisconsin, February 8, 1872. 

WILLIAM T. JAMES, 6611 Drexel Ave., Chicago, Illinois, 
Is President of the American Conveyer Co. and has been 
In the coal machinery business for over twenty years, 
formerly with the Link-Belt Co. and the Howe Scale Co. 
as Sales Engineer. He was born In Wales July 30, 1866. 

DAVID JAMIESON Is a member of the coal firm of 
Crerar, Clinch & Co., 646 Rookery Building, Chicago, Illinois, 
and has been In the business for twenty-six years. He 
was born at Renfrew. Ontario. August 22, 1866. 



83 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOHN SUTPHIN JONES, Steger Building, Chicago, Illi- 
nois, is Chairman of the Board of the Sunday Creek Coal 
Co., The Buckeye Coal & Railway Co., and the Ohio Land 
& Railway Co.. Columbus, Ohio, and a Director of the Jones 
& Adams Coal Co., Chicago. He was formerly with the 
Columbus & Hocking Valley Coal & Iron Co. and the 
National Hocking Coal Co. He has spent twenty-eight years 
in the coal business. He was born at Washington Court 
House, Ohio, January 4, 1849. 

THOMAS D. JORDAN is Western Sales Manager for The 
Hisylvania Coal Co., 1255 Old Colony Building, Chicago, 
Illinois, and has been in the coal business for eighteen 
years. He started as a stenographer with the Wilmington 
Star Mining Co. and rose through various departments to 
traveling salesman in Illinois and Wisconsin, and Anally 
Chicago representative. He was born in England, June 
30, 1878. 

THEODORE C. KELLER, 37 West Van Buren St., Chicago, 
Illinois, President and Treasurer of T. C. Keller & Co., has 
been in the coal business for twenty-six years. He is also 
President and Treasurer of the Franklin County Collieries 
Co. and the Sesser Coal Co., and Vice President and General 
Manager of the Northern Central Coal Co. He is the Re- 
ceiver of Coal Properties of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois 
Railroad, and formerly was General Manager of the Grape 
Creek Coal Co. Mr. Keller was born in Boston, Massachu- 
setts,, in 1864. 

H. H. KEMPER is proprietor of The Baum Coal Co., 343 
S. Dearborn St., Chicago, Illinois, and has been twelve years 
in the business. He also was Sales Manager for Bell & 
Zoller for two and one-half years in addition to conducting 
his own business. He was born in Ohio. 

CHARLES R. KLINE, Vice President of the Waubun Coal 
Co., Chicago, Illinois, has been engaged in the business 
twenty-one years. He formerly was connected with the 
Mitchell & Dillon Coal Co., Coxe Bros. & Co., Stonega Coal 
& Coke Co., and the Zenith Furnace Co. He was born at 
Byron, Illinois, January 26, 1878. 

WILLIAM J. F. KUECHLER is in charge of the jobbing 
line with Henry Holverscheid & Co., Old Colony Building, 
Chicago, Illinois, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-five years. He is one of the Directors of the 
Domestic Coal Co. and formerly was with E. Puttkammer 
and the Cook-Rutledge Coal Co. He was born in Hamburg, 
Germany, June 18, 1872. 

H. B. LANIGAN, Treasurer and Manager of the R. B. 
Arnold Coal Co., 2141 S. Homan Ave., Chicago, Illinios, has 
been in the business for over thirty years. He was born 
in Illinois in 1858. 

CARL LEE, electrical engineer with the Peabody Coal 
Co. at Chicago, Illinois, has been connected with the coal 
business for four years. He formerly was Receiver for 
Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad coal properties. He 
was born at Comanche, Texas, March 12, 1891. 

ALBERT BERRY LEMMON, Resident Sales Manager for 
The Consolidation Coal Co., Fisher Building, Chicago, 
Illinois, has been six years with that concern and in the 
coal business for eighteen years. He was formerly with 
F. B. Newell & Co., Burlington Coal & Coke Co., and the 
North Western Fuel Co. He was born in Clarendon Hills, 
Illinois, March 23, 1884. 

"WILLIAM WEST LILL, Vice President and Treasurer of 
the George Lill Coal Co., 1122 Berwyn Ave., Chicago, Illi- 
nois, has an experience of thirty years in the retail coal 
business. He was born in Chicago October 6, 1870. Mr. Lill 
is a Director of the Chicago Coal Merchants' Association. 

ALBERT J. LORR is the senior partner in the coal firm 
of Albert J. Lorr & Bros., retail coal merchants at 2614 
S. St. Louis Ave., Chicago, Illinois. He has been in the 
business for thirteen years. He was born in Bohemia, 
April 23, 1877. 

HARRY LYTTON,. Manager for the Chicago Fuel Co., 37 
W. Van Buren St., Chicago, Illinois, has been for twenty 
years in the coal business. He was born in Chicago in 1874. 

C. K. MADDEROM, President of the C. K. Madderom Co., 
10940 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, Illinois, has been in the 
retail coal business for thirty-six years, formerly as a 
member of the firm of Prince & Madderom. He was born 
in Chicago, November 27, 1854. 

EDWARD C. A. MANTHEY is joint owner with his father, 
W. J. Manthey, of the coal business of W. J. Manthey & Son, 
4915 S. Morgan St., Chicago, Illinois. He has managed the 
retail yard for four years and has done a wholesale trade 
for four years. Formerly he was in the accounting depart- 
ment of the Peabody Coal Co. He was born in Chicago 
February 14, 1893. 

ELMER MARTIN, Sales Agent for the Lehigh Valley Coal 
Sales Co., 313 McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, has 
been in the coal business for twenty-one years, formerly 
with the Bolen Coal Co. and the Central Coal & Coke Co., 
both of Kansas City, Missouri He was born near Quincy, 
Illinois, July 25, 1865. Mr. Martin is very popular and has 
a wide acquaintance in the trade. 



PRANK MATES, Secretary of the J. J. Wallace Coal 
Co., 4233 N. Keeler Ave., Chicago, Illinois, has been in the 
business for twenty-one years. He was born July 14, 1880, 
at Barrington, Illinois. 

JAMES B. MoCAHEY is Trustee and General Manager of 
John J. Dunn Estate, 5100 Federal St., Chicago, Illinois. 
He has been in the coal business for eleven years and has 
served as Director of the Chicago Coal Merchants' Associa- 
tion. He was born in Chicago, April 19, 1888. 

DAVID EDWARD McMILLAN, senior partner in the coal 
firm of D. E. McMillan & Bro., Old Colony Building, 
Chicago, Illinois, has been in the business for twenty-two 
years. He was formerly with the following coal concerns: 
Jas. W. Ellsworth & Co., Montana Coal & Coke Co., Fair- 
mont Coal Co., Consolidation Coal Co., and C. G. Blake & Co. 
He was born in Montreal, Canada, August 6, 1860. 

JOHN PERCIVAL MeMILLAN is a partner in the firm of 
D. E. McMillan & Bro., Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illi- 
nois, and formerly was connected with the Chicago, 
Wilmington & Vermillion Coal Co. He has been in the 
business for seventeen years, starting with his present firm 
in July, 1907. He was born March 2, 1879, in Montreal, 
Canada. 

EDMUND J. McQ-UAID, 5822 S. Racine Ave., Chicago, 
Illinois, has been in the retail coal business for twenty-five 
years and is sole owner. He formerly was with the follow- 
ing: Consolidated Coal Co., Riverton Coal Co., Dering & 
McQuaid, F. G. Hartwell Co. as Manager of Sales, and the 
Worth-Huskey Coal Co., as Vice President. He was born 
at Irwin, Pennsylvania, June 21, 1866. 

GEORGE E. MEDIN was Western Sales Agent for Thorne, 
Neale & Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, having 
been in the coal business for eleven years. He was with 
the Logan Coal Co. and the Davis Coal & Coke Co. prior 
to his recent connection. He enlisted in the U. S. Navy 
April 16, 1918. He was born November 18, 1888, in Chicago. 

GEORGE HERBERT MERRYWEATHER, President and 
Treasurer of the Waubun Coal Co., 6 N. Clark St., Chicago, 
Illinois, has been active in the business for twenty-eight 
years. Formerly he was General Sales Agent for the 
Pittsburgh, Ohio & Western Coal Co. and Sales Agent for 
Coxe Bros. & Co. He served as Illinois Scout, Order 
KoKoal, and as Vice President of the Chicago Coal & 
Coke Exchange. He is a member of the Executive Com- 
mittee and Director of the National Coal Jobbers' Associa- 
tion. Mr. Merryweather was born in Brooklyn, New York, 
September 24, 1870. 

GEORGE I. METHE, 601 S. Ridgeland Ave., Oak Park, Illi- 
nois, is Retail Manager for the F. G. Hartwell Co., Chicago, 
and has been connected with the coal business for seventeen 
years, formerly with the Busse-Reynolds Coal Co. He has 
served as a Director of the Chicago Coal Merchants' Asso- 
ciation. He was born in Chicago, July 5, 1883. 

D. B. MIKESELL, Vice President Mikesell Bros. Co., 176- 
178 No. LaSalle St., Chicago, Illinois, has been connected 
with the coal industry thirteen years, formerly with the 
Franklin County Coal Operators' Association and the Rock 
Island Coal Mining Co. as Assistant Secretary of the former 
and Division Sales Agent of the latter. He was born in 
Troy, Ohio, in 1879. 

THOMAS DAVID MILLER, Chicago, Illinois, gas coal ex- 
pert, is special representative of E. M. Mancourt, Western 
Manager of the Consolidation Coal Co., Dime Bank Building, 
Detroit, Michigan, and has been connected with the gas 
business thirty-five years. He has been Engineer and Man- 
ager for the Ft. Worth Gas Co., the Dallas Gas Co. and the 
New Orleans Gas Light Co., as well as City Gas Inspector 
at St. Louis, Missouri. Mr. Miller was born in Hannibal, 
Missouri. 

ABRAHAM MITCHELL, Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Mitchell & Dillon Coal Co., 203 South Dearborn St., Chicago, 
Illinois, has been connected with the coal business for 
sixteen years. He was born in Chicago, May 26, 1887. Mr. 
Mitchell is one of the most popular of the younger coalmen. 

ALFRED JOHN MOORSHEAD, President and General 
Manager Madison Coal Corp., Karpen Building, Chicago, 
Illinois, has been thirty years in the business and with the 
same concern. He was born in London, England, in 1863. 
Mr. Moorshead served as President of the Illinois Coal Op- 
erators' Association from 1909 to 1911, and is regarded as 
one of the influential operators in Illinois. 

THOMAS NEWTON MORDUE, President of the Thomas 
N. Mordue Coal Co., Peoples Gas Building, Chicago, Illi- 
nois, has been in the coal business for about thirty-six 
years. He is also President of the Mordue Collieries Co., 
and interested in the Bowyer Smokeless Coal Co. He for- 
merly was Chicago Manager for Castner. Curran & Bullitt 
and has been connected with the firms of George H. Hull & 
Co , Kent, Macfarlane & Mordue, and Macfarlane & Mordue, 
Louisville, Kentucky. He was born in Louisville, Kentucky, 
July 14, 1860. 



84 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



FRANK E. MIBLLER, 7616 E. Lake Ter., Chicago, Illi- 
nois, is Secretary and Chief Engineer of the Roberts & 
Schaefer Co., 332 S. Michigan Ave., and for sixteen years 
has been connected with the coal business. He was born 
December 4, 1880. In Chicago. 

JAMES NEEDHAM, President of the St. Paul Coal Co. 
and General Superintendent of Mines Chicago. Milwaukee & 
St. Paul Hallway Co., Chicago, Illinois, has been in the busi- 
ness for over twenty years. He formerly was connected 
with the Consolidated Coal Co., St. Louis, Missouri, the 
Kansas & Texas Coal Co., McAlester, Oklahoma, and the 
Union Pacific Coal Co. at Cheyenne, Wyoming. He was born 
at Collinsville. Illinois, August 8, 1871. 

LEOPOLD OESTERREICHER, 505 Marengo Ave., Forest 
Park, Illinois, President of the Chicago Wood & Coal Co., 
at 1153 N. Halsted St., Chicago, has been in the business 
for sixteen years. He was born in Hungary, April 10, 1867. 

WEBSTER ARNOLD PATTERSON. Secretary-Treasurer 
of the Harrisburg-Franklin Coal Co., Steger Building, 
Chicago, Illinois, is also Secretary of the Chicago-Car- 
lisle Coal Co. and has been in the coal business for nine- 
teen years. His former connections with coal concerns 
were as follows: Danville District Coal Co., Kellyville Coal 
Co., Westville Coal Co., J. K. Dering Coal Co. and Mission 
Mining Co. He was born in Watseka, Illinois, August 17, 
1877. 

STUYVESANT "JACK" PEABODY is President of the 
Peabody Coal Co., 332 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, Illinois, 
has been in the business for nine years, formerly with the 
Coal Supply Co. Mr. Peabody was born in Chicago August 
7, 1888, and" is a son of Francis S. Peabody. He is at present 
in the service of his country. 

FREDERICK N. PEASE is the Southwestern Sales Agent 
for Williams & Peters, 203 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, Illinois, 
and has for twenty-nine years been connected with the 
coal business. He was born in Chicago and is one of the 
best known anthracite sales agents in the West. 

EDWARD M. PLATT is President of the Piatt & Brahm 
Coal Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, and has 
been in the business for about twenty-seven years. He 
formerly was connected with the following concerns: 
Columbus & Hocking Coal & Iron Co., Manitowoc Coal & 
Dock Co., Pennsylvania & Ohio Fuel Co., Lehigh Valley 
Coal Co. Mr. Piatt was born in Manitowoc, Wisconsin. Sep- 
tember 4, 1865. Mr. Piatt has been President of the National 
Coal Jobbers' Association. 

JOSEPH PALL REND, President of the W. P. Rend Co., 
601 McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been engaged 
in the coal business for over thirty years. He is also Presi- 
dent of the following: W. P. Rend Collieries Co., W. P. 
Rend Coal & Coke Co., W. P. Rend Transportation Co. and 
the Standard Hocking Coal Co. He is a Director of the 
Vandalia Coal Co. Mr. Rend was born September 22. 1870, 
in Chicago. 

JOHN J. ROBERTS, 7716 E. Lake Ter., Chicago, Illinois, 
is Treasurer of the Roberts & Schaefer Co., and has been 
in the coal business fifteen years. He was born in Tolona, 
Illinois. January 3, 1874. 

MAJOR WARREN R. ROBERTS, 1423 Fargo Ave., 
Chicago, Illinois, Is President of the Roberts & Schaefer 
Co. and has been identified with the coal business for 
seventeen years. He was born October 20, 1863, at Sadorus. 
Illinois. Major Roberts is at present in charge of construc- 
tion for the United States War Department. 

MILTON E. ROBINSON, 740 E. Forty-first St.. Chicago, 
Illinois, has been in the coal business for thirty-three years 
and is President of the Milton E. Robinson Coal Co. For- 
merly he was President of the Lill-Robinson Coal Co. for 
two years. Mr. Robinson is a charter member of the Chi- 
cago Coal Merchants" Association and was Its first President, 
serving for three years. He was born in Kenosha, Wiscon- 
sin, April 87, 1862. 

CHAKLKS .1. roth. Sales Manager for the Peabody Coal 
Co.. 332 S. Michigan Ave.. Chicago, Illinois, has been con- 
nected with the company for over twenty years. He was 
born at Wheeling, West Virginia, April 7, 1879. 

IM>\ VLD A. IAGB Is President of Sage & Co., Inc., 600 S. 
Dearborn St.. Chicago, Illinois, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-four years. He was born at Ingersoll, 
Canada, July 13. 1857. 

FIIKIIKHII'K Sl'IIIFFEIILE. Assistant General Bale* Man- 
ager Butledge & Taylor Coal Co., Chicago, Illinois, was born 
September i">. 1888, in St. Louis, and haa Keen in the coal 

business twelve years. lie was formerly connected with 
the Interstate Coal A Mining Co.. Security Coal & Mining 
Co.. and Nokomls Coal Co. 

.lull \ s< HWEDA, Vice President of the Polonla Coal Co., 
1360 W. North Ave., Chicago. Illinois, has been in the retail 
coal business for nine years. He was born In Chicago, 
May 16, 1875. 



DON B. SEBASTIAN, Vice President of the Bickett Coal & 
Coke Co., McCormick Building, Chicago, Illinois, is also 
President of the Groveland Coal Mining Co. and has been 
twelve years in the business. Formerly he was fuel agent 
for the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway Co. and has 
filled the position of Vice President and Secretary of the 
International Railway Fuel Association. He was born May 
1, 1879, in Chicago. 

CHARLES R. SHABINO, President of the Keystone Fuel 
Co., 343 S. Dearborn St., Chicago, Illinois, has been in the 
coal business for seventeen years. He was formerly with 
the Edwards & Bradford Lumber Co., in the coal depart- 
ment, and was one of the founders of the Order KoKoal. He 
was born June 3, 1884, in South Dakota. 

DELAVAN C. SHOEMAKER is Sales Manager In the Car 
Load Sales department with the Consumers Co., Conway 
Building, Chicago. Illinois, and in charge of coal purchases, 
reporting to the Vice President. He has been eleven years 
in the coal business, formerly with City Fuel Co.. since fused 
with the Consumers Co. He was born at Monmouth, Illinois, 
January 5, 1883. 

JAMES G. SKIDMORE, Purchasing Agent for the Taylor 
Coal Co., 1215 Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, has 
been in the business eighteen years, formerly with the 
Madison Coal Corp.. St. Louis. Missouri. He was active in the 
Order KoKoal and has held many offices in coal trade 
organizations. He was born June 17, 1880, at Charleston, 
Illinois. 

EDWARD F. SMITH is Manager of Car Sales for Edwin 
F. Daniels & Co., 20 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago, Illinois, and 
has been in the coal business for eleven years. He formerly 
was with the New Kentucky Coal Co., the Taylor Co. and 
the Atwill-Makemson Coal & Coke Co. He has served as 
Imperial Pictor, Order KoKoal, and as Secretary and Treas- 
urer of the Chicago Coal Trade Golf Association. Mr. Smith 
was born in Chicago, November 19, 1881. 

LOUIS H. SMITH, Manager of the Spring Valley Coal Co., 
915 Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been in the 
coal business for about eighteen years and formerly was 
Secretary of the Illinois Third Vein Coal Co. He is a mem- 
ber of the Executive Committee of the Illinois Coal Oper- 
ators' Association, Vice President of the Coal Operators' 
Mutual Fire Insurance Co. and a member of the Executive 
Committee of the Illinois Coal Traffic Bureau. He was born 
May 12, 1871, in Ottawa, Illinois. 

PAUL N. SNYDER, Manager Car Sales O. S. Richardson 
Coal Co.. Old Colony Building, Chicago. Illinois, has been 
eight years in the coal business. He formerly was with 
J. C. Snyder, retail merchant, at Fulton, Illinois. He was 
born at Fulton, Illinois, September 2, 1888. 

EDWARD B. SORENSEN is proprietor of the retail coal 
business of the Windsor Park Coal Co., 7454 Exchange Ave., 
Chicago, Illinois, and has been in the business seven years. 
He was formerly with the Susquehanna Coal Co. Mr. Soren- 
sen was born at Port Clinton, Ohio, November 28, 1886. 

ROLLIN STAFFORD. General Sales Agent for the Atlas 
Coal & Coke Co., 775 Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, 
has been in the business for fifteen years, formerly with 
John W. Love and the Sunday Creek Coal Co. He was born 
at Harvey, Illinois, June 23, 1883. 

i.ioiti.i: FREDERICK STAHMER, President Fort Dear- 
born Coal Co., Fisher Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been 
in the coal business eighteen years. He was formerly with 
Coxe Bros. & Co.. Globe Coal Co., and Manager of the Bitu- 
minous department of the Mitchell & Dillon Coal Co., Chi- 
cago. 

LYMAN OTIS STANTON is owner of nie L. O. Stanton Coal 
Co., 1335 Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois. He has 
been in the business for twenty years, formerly with Jas. W. 
Kllsworth K- Co. and Hull & Co. as Department Manager. 
For the past twelve years he has been Sales Manager for 
the Clinton foal Co. He was born in Markesan. Wisconsin. 
March 13, 1866. 

OHOVEK W. STLBBEE, traveling salesman for the Old 
Ben Coal Corp., Chicago, Illinois, was born June 2, 1885, in 
Farnhamville, Iowa, and has been in the coal business ten 
years. Mr. Stubliee was formerly with the Des Moines 
Coal & Coke Co. and the Coal Hill Coal Co. He now repre- 
sents Old Ben In Southern Minnesota and Northern Iowa, 
making his headquarters at the Chicago office. 

GEORGE EDWARD SUTTON, Sales Manager Geo. G. Pope 
& Co., 1817 Fisher Building. Chicago. Illinois, has been in 
the coal business for over thirty years. He formerly was 
connected with the following concerns: Wabash Coal Co.. 
Wilmington-Springfield Coal Co., S. & S. Fuel Co.. Central 
States Fuel Co. He was born at Springfield, Illinois, March 
8, 1864. 

EDWABD II. TAYLOR, fuel and gas engineer with Crerar, 
Clinch & Co., 645 Rookery Building, Chicago, Illinois, has 
been In the business for thirteen years. He was born at 
Kvanston, Illinois, January 13, 1869. 



85 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



HUBERT CLEMENT TAYLOR, President of the Hicks & 
Taylor Coal Co., Kedzie Ave. and Taylor St., Chicago, Illi- 
nois, has been in the retail business for twenty-eight years. 
He was born October 12, 1867, at Hudson, Iowa. 

HENRY H. TEBBETTS, 2226 Millard Ave., Chicago, Illinois, 
Is a retail coal merchant who has been in the business for 
forty-seven years. He was born at Rochester, New Hamp- 
shire, June 21, 1840. 

GEORGE THOMSON, President and General Manager of 
the Thomson Coal Co., 709 Fisher Building. Chicago, Illinois, 
has been in the coal business eleven years, formerly as a 
member of the Thomson & Burton Co. He also is Vice Pres- 
ident and General Manager the Benton Coal Co. He was 
born at Stirling, Scotland. 

THOMAS M. TOBIN, President and Treasurer of the T. M. 
Tobin Bros. Co., 9326 South Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illi- 
nois, has been in the retail business for thirty-seven years. 
His brother, Edmond W. Tobin, is Vice President, and an- 
other brother, John A., is Secretary of the company. Thomas 
M. Tobin was born December 11, 1863, in Huntingdon County, 
Pennsylvania. 

MARCUS W. TURNER, President of the Turner Coal Co., 
1461 Monadnock Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been in the 
business for about thirty years. He formerly was with the 
Silver Creek & Morris Coal Co. He was born in New York, 
June 1, 1866. 

WILLIAM C. WADDELL, General Salesman for The S. C. 
Schenck Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, has been 
connected with the coal trade for eighteen years, formerly 
with The B. Uhrig Fuel Co. and the W. L. Scott Co. He was 
born in 1874 in Chicago. 

SILAS ARTHUR WEST, Manager of the Soft Coal depart- 
ment of The S. C. Schenck Co., Old Colony Building, Chicago, 
Illinois, has been seventeen years in the coal business, for- 
merly with the North Western Fuel Co. and the Consolida- 
tion Coal Co. He was born October 5, 1882, in Chicago. 

RALPH CRAWFORD WHITSETT is President and Gen- 
eral Manager of the R. C. Whitsett Coal & Mining Co., Chi- 
cago. Illinois, the Kentucky River Coal Mining Co. of Haz- 
ard. Kentucky, and the Black Comet Coal Co. of Sullivan, 
Indiana. He has been in the coal business twenty years, 
formerly with the Rainbow Coal & Mining Co., Sullivan, 
Indiana. He was born in Mingo, Ohio, April 7, 1877. 

WILLIAM E. WITHALL is a retail coal merchant at 3456 
W. Fifty-first St., Chicago, Illinois, who has been in the 
business for seventeen years. He was born in England, 
July 3, 1867. 



ILLINOIS — Springfield 



F. J. DEVLIN, Springfield, Illinois, is Mine Superintendent 
for the Jones & Adams Coal Co. He has been connected with 
the coal industry for thirty years, formerly with the San 
Toy Coal Co.. at San Toy. Ohio, and with the O'Gara Coal 
Co. at Springfield. He was born in Scotland June 27, 1875. 

CHARLES V. HICKOX of Springfield, Illinois, was in the 
coal business for twenty years, but for many years has 
been Secretary of the Coal Operators Mutual Fire Insurance 
Co. of Springfield, Illinois. He was born at Springfield in 
April, 1846. 

CARL HOLDEN HOY, 816 Reisch Building, Springfield, 
Illinois, is President of the White County Mining & Power 
Co. He was formerly with the Madison Coal Corp., and has 
been connected with the coal business eighteen years. He 
was born in Litchfield, Illinois, July 2, 1883. 

EVAN D. JOHN, Springfield, Illinois, Director of the 
Department of Mines and Minerals for the state of Illinois, 
was born in Maestag, Wales. October 8, 1861, and died in 
December, 1918. 

ALVIN S. KEYS, 207 S. Sixth Street, Springfield, Illinois, 
Is President of the Southside Coal Co. and has been con- 
nected with the business for eleven years, formerly with 
the Tuxhorn Coal Co. at Springfield. He was born at 
Springfield January 30, 1888. 

PHILLIPS G. MATHENY, Secretary of the West End Coal 
Co. of Springfield, Illinois, has been connected with the 
business fourteen years. He is interested in the Niantic Coal 
Co and formerly was with the Republic Iron & Steel Co. as 
Manager of their Springfield coal properties. He was born 
In Springfield August 3, 1870. 

O. G. SCOTT, Owner and Manager of the Scott Coal Co., 
827 South Fifth Street, Springfield, Illinois, has been in the 
coal business for over twenty years. He was Cashier of 
the Springfield Coal Association for ten years and Secretary 
of the Central Illinois Coal Bureau. He was appointed As- 
sistant District Representative by the United States Fuel 
Administration for nine counties in Central Illinois. He was 
born in Butler, Ohio, December 20, 1865. 



CHARLES ALEXANDER STARNE, 311 DeWitt Smith 
Building, Springfield, Illinois, is Treasurer of the West End 
Coal Co. of Springfield and has been identified with the coal 
business for eighteen years. He was born at Springfield 
June 4, 1877. 

HOWARD K. WEBER is President of the Sangamon Coal 
Co. of Springfield, Illinois, and has been connected with the 
coal business for eleven years. He was born at Hagers- 
town, Maryland, June 27, 1843. 

GEORGE A. WOOD, 501 W. Capitol Avenue, Springfield, 
Illinois, is Secretary-Treasurer of the Chicago-Springfield 
Coal Co. He has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 
He was born in 1858 at Springfield. 



ILLINOIS 



IRA D. ADAMS, Secretary and Treasurer of the Ira D. 
Adams Lumber Co. at Lexington, Illinois, has been in the 
business for over twenty years. Formerly he was with 
Shade & Crothers and with W. D. Alexander & Co. He was 
born January 19, 1877, at Minier, Illinois. 

CHARLES AHL, Superintendent of The Moweaqua Coal 
Mining & Manufacturing Co. at Moweaqua, Illinois, has 
been in the business twenty-four years, with his present 
company. He was born in 1867 at Cloverport, Kentucky. 

J. M. ALLEN, retail coal merchant at Eureka, Illinois, has 
been in the business for twenty-seven years. He was born 
at Eureka March 3, 1870. 

LEWIS H. ALLEN is a partner in the coal firm of Hunter, 
Allen & Co. at Lacon, Illinois, and has been connected with 
the business for twenty-five years. Other interests are 
those of his firm at Magnolia and at Lostant, Illinois. Mr. 
Allen was born at Tiskilwa, Illinois, in February, 1869. 

HENRY C. ANDRES is the sole owner of the H. C. Andres 
Coal Co.'s business at Aurora, Illinois, and has been in the 
retail trade for five years. He was born at Tinley Park, 
Illinois, in 1861. 

ANDY MELVIN APPLEGATE, owner of the retail coal 
business at Pearl, Pike County, Illinois, has been in the coal 
business there for twenty years. He was born in Illinois 
February 22, 1871. 

BEN T. AXFORD is President of the Axford Coal Co. at 
Petersburg, Illinois, and has been in the business for seven 
years. He was formerly with the South Mountain Coal Co. 
He was born in Petersburg February 7, 1890. 

JOHN NICHOLAS BACH has been a retail coal mer- 
chant at Fairbury, Illinois, for seventeen years. He was 
born in Alsace-Loraine July 10, 1871. 

ARTHUR W. RADGER, President of the Badger Lumber 
Co., Morrison, Illinois, has been engaged in the retail coal 
business for thirteen years. He was born at Amboy, Illi- 
nois, April 17, 1880. 

WILLIAM H. BAETHKE, President of the Newton- 
Baethke Co., retail coal merchants at Glen Ellyn, Illinois, 
has been in the business for thirteen years. He was born 
at Maywood, Illinois, August 30, 1873. 

W. T. BAILY is Business Manager and partner of the 
National Fuel Co. at Galesburg, Illinois, and has been 
connected with the business for two years. He was born 
in Illinois in 1875. 

■WALTER B. BALLENTINE is President and General 
Manager of the Ballentine Coal & Ice Co. at Toulon, Illinois, 
and has been in the coal business for about thirty years, 
owning a coal mine on his farm about five miles from Tou- 
lon, and doing a shipping business in town. He has as his 
partner. Secretary and Treasurer, his wife, Mrs. Margaret 

E. Ballentine. Mr. Ballentine was born in Stark County, 
Illinois, February 16, 1862. 

GERSON BANKS, Kirkland, Illinois, is Manager for the 
firm of Geo. W. Banks & Son and has been connected with 
the business three years. He was born in Irene, Illinois, 
October 6, 1891. 

WILLIAM ERNEST BARROUR, 1030 Forest Ave., Evans- 
ton, Illinois, District Manager for the Consumers Co. of 
Chicago, has been connected with the retail coal business 
for twenty-three years. He formerly owned the business 
of W. E. Barbour & Co. and was President, Treasurer and 
Director of the Lincoln Fuel Co. He was also connected 
with the following concerns: Castner, Curran & Bullitt and 

F. G. Hartwell Co. He was born at St. Charles, Illinois, 
April 1, 1874. 

WILLIAM P. BARKER, retail coal merchant at Batavia, 
Illinois, has been in the business for sixteen years. He 
was born at Batavia July 7, 1850. Mr. Barker is highly 
respected in the coal trade and has served as Treasurer 
of the Illinois and Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' Asso- 
ciation. 



86 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



i:n\\ \lll> E. II A II li KIT, 333 South Waiola Ave., LaGrange, 
Illinois, is Vice President of the Roberts & Schaefer Co. 
and has been connected with the business for seventeen 
years. He was born in Port Byron, Illinois, October 12, 
1870. 

W. G. BAKTKI.S. Carlinville, Illinois, is President and 
General Manager of the Carlinville Coal Co. He began In 
the employ of his father in 1869 and continued until 1883, 
since which time he has operated in his own behalf. He 
was born at Carlinville March 2, 1858. 

ED. A. IIMMOII, Bunker Hill, Illinois, has been in the 
retail coal business for sixteen years and is the lessee of 
the Bauser-Truesdale coal mine. He was born in St. Louis, 
Missouri, February 4, 1873. 

LEWIS M. BAYXE is General Manager of the L. M. 
Bayne Lumber Co. at Ottawa, Illinois, and is interested in 
the company's yards at Ottawa, Grand Ridge, Strawn, and 
Emington, Illinois. He has been in the retail business for 
over twenty years. He was born at Wenona, Illinois, June 
2, 1869. 

rami! HECK, President of the Beck Coal & Lumber 
Co. at Harvey, Illinois, has been engaged in the business 
sixteen years. He was born in Braidwood, Illinois, April 
23, 1877. He has served as President of the Illinois and 
Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' Association and has done 
splendid work by encouraging coal merchants to install 
better systems of cost accounting and bookkeeping. 

BENJAMIN BECKENHEIMER, President of the Smith - 
Lohr Coal Mining Co., Pana, Illinois, has been connected 
with the business for thirteen years. He formerly was 
connected with the Central Illinois Coal Bureau and is a 
member of the Illinois Coal Operators' Association. He 
was born at Baltimore. Maryland, September 22, 1845. 

CHAHI.ES RK.CKER, Secretary of the Star Coal Co., 
Freeburg. Illinois, has been in the business for ten years 
and formerly was with the Freeburg Mining Co. and the 
Freeburg Coal Co. He was born in Germany June 27, 1848. 

W. D. BeDKLI, of BeDell Bros, at Mt. Carmel, Illinois, 
has been in the coal business as a retailer for over twenty 
years. Formerly he was connected with the Saline County 
Coal Co. at Harrisburg, Illinois. He was born at Mt. Carmel 
in 1872. L. T. BeDell, his brother, was born in 1880 at Mt. 
Carmel. 

HERMAN H. BEEDE, Chadwick, Illinois, is owner of a 
half interest in the business of the Chadwick Supply Co. 
He was formerly with Beede Bros, of Chadwick. He was 
born in New Hampshire December 29, 1857. 

HEXRY A. BEXT, Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Oglesby Coal Co. at Oglesby, Illinois, has been engaged in 
the business for about thirty-five years. He was born at 
Kenosha, Wisconsin, July 2, 1866. 

JOSIAH RAYMOND BEXT is Vice President and Superin- 
tendent of the Oglesby Coal Co. at Oglesby, Illinois. He 
has been connected with the coal business since 1896. He 
Was born in Oglesby January 3, 1877. 

ROBERT V. BEXTOX, Decatur. Illinois, is proprietor 
of the City Fuel Co. and has been in the business for eight 
years, formerly with the Decatur Coal Co. He was born 
in Macon County, Illinois, in 1885. 

QBORGE li. in \ m ii vim. retail coal merchant at Lake 
Forest. Illinois, has been in the business for ten years. 
He has filled the office of Vice President of the Illinois and 
Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' Association for two years 
and Director two years. He was born in Ashby, Massachu- 
setts. 

HEXRY BLESSMAX has been a retail coal merchant at 
Gridley, Illinois, for ten years and was formerly with W. D. 
Castle & Co. He was born in Germany May 5, 1873. 

THEODORE F. BOECKER, JR., is Manager of the 
Boccker Coal & Grain Co. at Naperville, Illinois, and has 
been in the business two years. The present company is 
successor to T. F. Boecker, who succeeded B. B. Boecker. 
Theodore F. Boecker, Jr., was born in Naperville February 2, 
1896. 

GEORGE ROGER, President of Geo. Boger & Sons, Hins- 
dale, Illinois, coal merchants, has been in the retail busi- 
ness for twenty-three years. He was born in Dupage 
County, Illinois, near Hinsdale, in 1853. 

OSWALD iioi.i.mw. Belleville. 111., is Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Fullerton Coal Co. and has been in the 
business for eighteen years. He is also interested in the 
Summit & Kldnar Coal Co. He was born December 3, 1876, 
at Belleville. 

KRAXK H. IIOSWOHTH, Manager of F. S. Bosworth & 
Son, Elgin, Illinois, has been in the retail coal business for 
twenty-nine years. He was born at Dundee, Illinois, Sep- 
tember 3, 1870. 

William J. IIIIADIURY is senior partner in the firm 
of Bradbury Bros., coal merchants at Areola, Illinois. He 
was born in Kngland February 3, 1848, and has been In the 
coal business for thirty-five years. 



WALTER S. BRA XT, Havana, Illinois, has been connect- 
ed with the M. M. Clark Coal Co. of Havana for over twenty 
years. He was born in Havana September 14, 1871. 

HARRY BRAVER is the owner of the coal business of 
Brauer & Son. Olney, Illinois, and is the son of John Brauer, 
who established the business about twenty years ago. 
The latter died September 22, 1916. Harry Brauer was 
born in Olney October 23. 1884. 

GEORGE A. BHBCHNITZ, Belleville, Illinois, is the Presi- 
dent and General Manager of the Silver Creek Valley Coal 
Co. and is likewise interested in the Prairie Coal Co. He 
was born at Belleville and has been engaged in the coal 
business for thirteen years. 

WALTER A. BROWN is a retail coal merchant at Carroll- 
ton, Illinois, who has been in the business for twenty-three 
years. He was born November 11, 1868, at Greenfield, Illi- 
nois. 

CHARLES C. BRL'BAKER is senior member of the firm 
of Brubaker & Son at Robinson, Illinois. He has been 
connected with the retail coal business for twenty-six years. 
He was born in Kansas June 20, 1869. His son, George A. 
Brubaker, has been the junior partner for the past five 
years. He was born in Illinois May 18, 1893. 

GEORGE M. BRYANT, coal merchant for fourteen years 
at De Pue, Illinois, was born in Kendall County, Illinois, 
January 26, 1859. and is well known in that territory. 

WALTER H. CALLAHAN is the Owner and Manager of the 
retail business of the Callahan Coal Co., 4200 State St., East 
St. Louis, Illinois, with which he has been connected for 
eight years. He was born in Ava, Illinois, December 26, 1881. 

JAMES H. CALVER, Decatur, Illinois, has been in the 
retail coal business for five years. He was born in Ross 
County, Ohio, June 26, 1858. 

JOHN H. < ' V it l.l X . Utica, Illinois, has been a retail coal 
meichant for twenty-nine years. He was born in Utica 
October 11, 1853. 

W. J. CARLIX, retail coal merchant at Bowen, Illinois, 
has been in the business for twenty-four years. He was 
born at Columbus. Illinois, January 29, 1869. 

MELVIX CAROKER, proprietor of the coal business of 
Caroker & Ragsdale at Cobden, Illinois, has been a retailer 
for five years. He was born at Cobden. 

WILLIAM H. CARPENTER. Rock Island, Illinois, is con- 
trolling partner and Manager of the Carpenter Coal Co. 
He was formerly with W. H. Carpenter & Co. at Moline, 
Illinois, and with the Empire Coal & Coke Co. at Rock 
Island. He has been in the coal business for twenty-six 
years and was born at Rochester, New York, April 10, 1841. 

ANDREW K. CHAPMAN, President A. F. Chapman Co.. 
Dundee. Illinois, was born in 1845 at Vhrtchsville, Ohio, and 
has been in the coal business for the past forty years. 

WILLIAM HEXRY CHAPPLE is General Manager and 
Treasurer of the Peoples Coal Co. at Lebanon, Illinois. He 
has been in the retail coal business for about seven years, 
and worked in coal mines for forty-four years. He was 
born in England in 1861. 

WALTER HOWARD CHASE, retail coal merchant at 
Sullivan, Illinois, has been engaged in the business for 
twenty-two years. He was formerly with The Alexander 
Lumber Co. He was born at Madison, Wisconsin, Septem- 
ber 23, 1858. 

JOHN THOMAS CHERRY' is Superintendent of the B. F. 
Berry Coal Co. of Standard, Putnam County, Illinois, and 
has been connected with the coal industry for thirty-three 
years, starting as a trapper boy in 1884 and filling all 
positions in and around coal mines. He was formerly with 
the Chicago, Wilmington & Vermillion Coal Co. and with 
the St. Paul Coal Co. He was born at Braidwood, Illinois, 
June 8, 1871. 

C. A. CHITTENDEN has been conducting a retail coal 
business at Mendon, Illinois, for twenty-one years. He 
was born in Mendon April 7, 1857. 

HORACE CLARK. General Manager of the Clark Coal & 
Coke Co., Jefferson Building. Peoria, Illinois, is also Inter- 
ested in the Logan Coal Co., and has been in the business 
twenty-six years. He was born in Peoria July 13, 1863. He 
has many friends in the trade. 

MARVIN M. CLARK, born June 13, 1860. has been in the 
retail coal business for twenty-six years and Is the owner 
of the M. M. Clark Coal Co. at Havana, Illinois. He has 
filled the office of Vice President of the Illinois and Wiscon- 
sin Retail Coal Dealers' Association. 

VICTOR I. CLARK is President of The North Side Lum- 
ber Co. at Sycamore, Illinois, and has been connected with 
the coal business for nineteen years. He was born in 
DeKalb County, Illinois, March 22, 1862. 

mi i in i< E. CI.EVIDEXCE, retail coal merchant at Mt. 
Morris, Illinois, has been in the business since 1901. He 
was born at Mt. Morris in 1870. 



87 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



FRANK B. CLINTON is a retail coal merchant at Paris, 
Illinois, who has been in the business for thirty-four years. 
He has been in full charge since the death of his father, 
C. M. Clinton, in 1915. Mr. Clinton was born in Paris June 
5, 1865. 

WILLIAM J. CLIPPERT has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness at Warsaw, Illinois, for twenty-five years, formerly 
with the firm of Clippert & Diehl. He was born at War- 
saw October 17, 1862. 

MORTIMER M. CLOUDMAN, retail coal merchant, 166 
Chicago St., Elgin, Illinois, has been in the business for 
sixteen years, formerly as a member of the firm of Hem- 
mens & Cloudman. He was born at Memphis, Tennessee, 
about forty-five years ago. 

GEORGE C. COCKRELL has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness at Jerseyville, Illinois, during the past seven years. 
He was born at Jerseyville in 1882. 

ARTHUR Z. COFFMAN, owner of the South Side Coal Co. 
at Quincy, Illinois, has been in the business for seven years. 
He was born at Newark, Ohio, September 11, 1877. 

F. H. COLEHOTJR is the proprietor of a retail coal busi- 
ness at Mt. Carroll, Illinois, which he has conducted for 
sixteen years. He formerly was with Colehour & Miles. 
He was born in Mt. Carroll September 14, 1866. 

W. R. COLEMAN, Sales Manager of the Clark Coal & Coke 
Co., at Peoria, Illinois, is President of the Logan Coal 
Co. He has been in the business twenty-three years, 
formerly with the Newell Coal Co. He has served as Presi- 
dent of the Peoria Wholesale Club. He was born at Peoria 
November 11, 1876. 

J. W. COLLIVER, Aurora, Illinois, is Secretary, Director 
and Sales Manager for the Old Ben Coal Corp., Chicago, and 
has been in the business for about twenty-three years. He 
was formerly with the Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Railway Co. 
as General Agent at Joliet, Illinois. He was born at Picton, 
Ontario, Canada, January 28, 1867. 

WESLEY ROBERT COMFORT, SR., Palatine, Illinois, has 
been in the coal business for thirty-nine years. He is 
senior partner in the firm of W. R. Comfort & Co. He was 
born in Canada January 28, 1855. His partner, Henry F. 
Battermann, has been in the coal business for thirty years. 

MATT. J. COOGAN, Lincoln, Illinois, has been in the re- 
tail coal business for eight years and previously worked 
for eight years in the mines. He was formerly with the 
Latham Coal & Mining Co. He was born April 29, 1888, 
at Lincoln. 

JOHN J. CORDES has been in business as a retail coal 
merchant for nineteen years at German Valley, Illinois. He 
was born there November 27, 1875. 

LYMAN D. CORTELYOU, retail coal merchant at Abing- 
don, Illinois, represents the Purity Coal Co. He has been 
doing business for nine years. He was born at Trenton, 
New Jersey, January 26, 1864. 

H. B. COYLE, Manager of the Coyle Grain & Coal Co. 
at Gridley, Illinois, has been in the business for nine years. 
Recently he sold out the grain business and is now 
handling coal exclusively. He was born at Gridley March 
28, 1890. 

JAMES A. CREAMER, Tolono, Illinois, has been in the 
retail coal business eleven years, formerly with Edwards & 
Creamer. He was born at Tolono February 25, 1870. 

JOHN S. CRUGAR is General Manager and Treasurer of 
the Lovington Coal Mining Co., Decatur, Illinois, and has 
been connected with the coal mining industry for sixteen 
years. He is interested in the Phoenix-Jellico Coal Co. 
and was formerly with the Rock Springs Coal Co. and the 
Naugatuck Coal Co. He was born at Montgomery, Ohio, 
October 8, 1881. 

J. W. CURNUTT, retail coal merchant at Greenfield, 
Illinois, has been in the business for twelve years. He was 
born at Greenfield in 1850. 

H. E. CURTIS, Manager for H. E. Curtis & Co., Tiskilwa, 
Illinois, has been connected with the coal business for thir- 
ty-one years. He was born at Sheffield, Illinois, sixty 
years ago. 

CHARLES F. DACY is Manager and half owner in the 
business of the Dacy Lumber Co., Woodstock, Illinois, and 
he has been in the retail coal business fourteen years. He 
was born in Woodstock February 8, 1870. 

M. E. DANAHAY of M. E. Danahay & Son, Eureka, Illi- 
nois, was born in 1861 in Eureka and has been in the 
coal business thirty years, succeeding his father, who 
started the business in 1870. His son, D. M. Danahay, is in 
the service of his country. 

J. O. DANIEL, Watseka, Illinois, is Manager, Secretary 
and Treasurer of The Peoples Grain & Lumber Co. and has 
been connected with the coal business for seven years. He 
was born at Judson, Indiana, December 25, 1871. 



SAMUEL DAVIS, retail coal merchant at Herbert, Illinois, 
has been in the business over twenty years, formerly with 
the firm of Reed & Davis. He was born in England in 1842. 

L. B. DE FOREST has been in the retail coal business at 
Oneida, Illinois, since 1881. He was born at Lima, New 
York, July 30, 1852. 

HERMAN DENZEL, President of the Highland Park Fuel 
Co., 112 North First St., Highland Park, Illinois, has been 
in the business for six years. He was born in Germany 
March, 1870. 

JOHN P. DETIENNE, Zion City, Illinois, is Manager of 
the fuel departments of Zion City Institutions and Indus- 
tries. He has been connected with the coal business sixteen 
years, having been a retailer for ten years at Sherburn, 
Minnesota. He was born in Belgium July 28, 1850. 

ROBERT DICK is President of the Pond Creek Coal Co., 
Herrin, Illinois, and of the Robert Dick Coal Co. For- 
merly he was with the Sun Coal & Coke Co. and has been 
connected with the coal business for over forty years. He 
was born in DuQuoin, Illinois, July 20, 1863. 

PETER R. DIEDERICH, retail coal merchant at Rochelle, 
Illinois, has been in the business for seventeen years and 
was formerly with the Neola Elevator Co. He was born 
at Lostant, Illinois, October 11, 1877. 

JOHN DONER DIFFENBAUGH is the owner of the Dif- 
fenbaugh Coal & Ice Co. at Monmouth, Illinois, and has been 
in the business twenty-nine years. He formerly was Vice 
President of the Sipher Lumber & Coal Co. and was born 
November 8, 18G5, at Monmouth. Mr. Diffenbaugh has held 
a number of positions of trust and honor in his community. 

JOHN SIPHER DIFFENBAUGH, Monmouth, Illinois, is 
associated as Manager with his father, John D. Diffenbaugh, 
in the Diffenbaugh Coal & Ice Co., with which he has been 
connected for seven years. He was born at Monmouth, 
August 1, 1892. 

OSCAR L. DODGSON is Manager for the retail coal firm 
of L. P. Dodgson & Son at McLean, Illinois, and has been 
in the business twenty-two years. He was born in Carroll- 
ton, Illinois, September 29, 1886. 

D. H. DOLDEN, General Manager of the Hinckley Grain 
Co. at Hinckley, Illinois, has been in the business for thir- 
teen years, formerly with the Neola Elevator Co. He was 
born at Kings, Illinois, November 25, 1879. 

STEPHEN A. DRAKE, Canton, Illinois, is President of 
the Canton Coal Co. and has been in the retail business for 
thirty years. He was born at Canton, May 18, 1864. 

JOHN W. DUNCAN is senior member of the firm of Dun- 
can Bros, at Palmyra, Illinois, and has been in the busi- 
ness for twenty-nine years. He was born at Girard, Illi- 
nois, October 26, 1865. His brother, Joseph B. Duncan, was 
also born in Girard July 9, 1867. 

GEORGE F. ECKERT, Manager and partner in the coal 
firm of Hall & Eckert at Woodstock, Illinois, has been 
connected with the retail coal business for sixteen years. 
He was born at Woodstock February 14, 1864. 

CLARENCE F. EDINGER, Wilmette, Illinois, is President 
of Edinger & Co., retail coal merchants at Wilmette and 
Evanston, Illinois. He has been in the business for eleven 
years, and has served as a Director of the Chicago Coal 
Merchants' Association. He was born at White Haven, 
Pennsylvania, July 4, 1877. 

A. H. EINHAUS, Quincy, Illinois, has been in the retail 
coal business for sixteen years. He was born in Quincy 
October 4, 1870. 

A. W. EISENMAYER is President of the Granite City 
Lime & Cement Co. at Granite City, Illinois. He was born at 
Claremont, Illinois, July 12, 1866. 

EMIL A. EKSTRAND, Ludlow, Illinois, has been in the 
retail coal business for over twenty years. He was born 
in Illinois in 1860. 

SAMUEL W. ELDRED, Quincy, Illinois, is a salesman of 
the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Co. and has been 
connected with the coal industry for thirty years. He was 
formerly with the Wabash Coal Co. as Treasurer and Man- 
ager. Mr. Eldred has served as a member of the Executive 
Board of the Illinois Coal Operators' Association. He was 
born at Carlinville, Illinois, September 26, 1860. 

V. C. ELMORE, Ashland, Illinois, manages his own busi- 
ness and also that of Elmore & Lemmon, coal merchants. 
Retail offices are maintained by the companies at Ashland, 
Sinclair, Manchester, Roodhouse, Barrow, Hillview, Grand 
Pass, Pleasant Hill and Nebo, all in the state of Illinois. Mr. 
Elmore was born near Ashland October 18, 1847. and has 
been engaged in the coal business for over twenty years. 

W. A. ENGLAND is the proprietor of the Havana Coal 
Co. at Havana, Illinois, having bought out Edward Fields in 
May, 1917. He was born at Havana in 1875. 



88 



COAL MKX OF AMERICA 



KM. K. KVAXS, Streator, Illinois, has been In the coal 
business for twenty-seven years, formerly with the Rich- 
ards & Brans Coal Co. He was born In Streator March 24, 
1874. 

ROBERT J. FAIRIIAIRN. Galesburg, Illinois, is Secretary 
and Treasurer of the Sf»- Coal Co. and also of the Coal 
Creek Mining Co. Ke is interested in the Acme Coal Co. 
at Streator, Illinois, and was formerly connected with that 
concern, from 1892 to 1909. He was born at Streator Novem- 
ber 16, 1874. 

ALBERT F. FIKLH. retail coal merchant at Woodstock, 
Illinois, has been doing business there for forty-three 
years. He was born January 20, 1841. in Vermont. 

T. M. FOLEY, Kankakee, Illinois, Is President of the 
Kankakee Ice, Feed & Fuel Co. and has been in the business 
for eight years. He was born at Joliet, Illinois, September 
29, 1869. 

JOSKPH L. FRKSK is the proprietor of the Riverside 
Coal Yards at Quincy, Illinois, and has been in the retail 
business there for five years. He was born in Quincy March 
II, 1880. 

MR. KMGAR K. FYKE, Centralia. Illinois, Is General Man- 
ager of the Marion County Coal Co. He also is Treasurer 
of the Odin Coal Co., Odin, Illinois. He has been in the 
coal business for ten years. He was born December 23, 
1868, at Odin, Illinois. 

MARTIN A. GARRISON, retail coal merchant at Enfield, 
Illinois, has been doing business for over thirty years. He 
was formerly with the Illinois Coal & Iron Co. He was 
born at Enfield, February 20, 1852. 

HKNNIS S. GKNT, Marion. Illinois, is Secretary and Treas- 
urer of the Crab Orchard Coal Co. He is also interested 
in the Blackburne Coal Co. and formerly was with Ed- 
wards & Bradford at Sioux City, Iowa. He was born at 
Marion, January 28, 1891. 

CHARLES H. GIBBS, Princeton, Illinois, is a salesman 
for Williams & Peters and has been in the coal business 
for twenty years. He was formerly with F. B. Newell & 
Co. and F. N. Pease & Co. He was born in Chenango 
County, New York, October 9, 1854. He has a wide ac- 
quaintance among Illinois, Iowa and Western Indiana re- 
tailers. 

JACOB R. GIEBELHAUSEN, President and Manager of 
the Glebelhausen Coal Co., East Peoria, Illinois, has been 
in the retail business for twelve years. He was born in 
Illinois September 3, 1885. 

RUDOLPH GODOWSKY, retail coal merchant at Macomb, 
Illinois, has been in the business for ten years. He was 
born in Russian Poland in 1873, and was six years old on 
his arrival in the United States. 

SAMUEL HENRY GOOMALL of Marion, Illinois, Is Gen- 
eral Manager of the Economy Coal Co. and for over twenty 
years has been connected with the coal business. For- 
merly he was with the Crab Orchard Coal Co., the Chicago 
& Big Muddy Coal & Coke Co., the Carterville District Coal 
Co., and the Illinois Hocking Washed Coal Co. He was 
born at Marion February 7, 1866. 

J. MARK GRAHAM, retail coal merchant at Kirkwood, Illi- 
nois, has been in the business for eleven years. He was 
born at Biggsville, Illinois, September 6, 1858. 

LYMAN M. GRAHAM, Bloomington, Illinois, is Secretary 
and Treasurer of the McLean County Coal Co. and has 
general supervision of the business. He opened the books 
for the company in 1867 and except for one year and a half 
he has been connected with it ever since, filling every posi- 
tion, from office boy to President. Mr. Graham was born 
in Brown County, Ohio, December 27, 1845. 

G. s. GHEKR is Buyer and Manager for the coal firm of 
Greer & Vance at Seaton, Illinois. He has been in the busi- 
ness for two years and formerly was with A. L. Duncan & 
Sons. He was born at Seaton July 9, 1893. 

PETER GRIEVE, JR., Collinsville, Illinois, is District 
Superintendent for the Consolidated Coal Co. and has been 
thirty-three years with his present company. He was born 
In Collinsville December 27, 1874. 

G. B. GRIFFIN is senior partner in the firm of G. B. & 
C M. Griffin, dealers in grain, poultry, wool and coal at 
Charleston, Illinois. He has been in business twenty-two 
years. 

F. A. GRIMES. Sterling. Illinois, is President and Man- 
ager of the Moses Dillon Co, one of the oldest firms 
in the county in the lumber, coal and grain business. He 
has been connected with the trade for twenty-eight years. 
He was born at Gilman, Illinois, November 26, 1870. 

JOHN GROOM, Belleville, Illinois, is the President of the 
Groom Coal Co. and has been engaged in the business for 
eleven years, having been connected formerly with the Con- 
solidated Coal Co. He was born in Belleville in 1858. 



WILLIAM PECK HABBERTON, Mt. Carmel, Illinois, has 
been in the retail coal business for about forty years. He 
was born in New York City March 3, 1847. 

WILLIAM D. HALL is the proprietor of the W. D. Hall 
lumber and coal business at Harvard, Illinois. He also is 
a member of the firm of Hall & Eckert at Woodstock, Illi- 
nois. Mr. Hall has been in the business for forty-three 
years. He was born at Walworth, Wisconsin, September 
3, 1850. 

ROBERT L. HALLETT is President and Treasurer of the 
Trl-City Coal Co.. wholesale coal merchants at Rock Island, 
Illinois. He has been connected with the coal business for 
twenty years and formerly was with the following con- 
cerns: New Kentucky Coal Co., Chicago Fuel Co., Hudson 
Coal Co. and Ender Coal & Coke Co. He was born at 
Wyandotte, Kansas, August 11, 1877. 

F. W. MAX HAMMERSCHMIMT, President of the Ham- 
merschmidt & Franzen Co. at Elmhurst, Illinois, has been 
a retail coal merchant seventeen years. He formerly was 
with the City Fuel & Supply Co. at Wheaton, Illinois. He 
was born at Naperville, Illinois, December 6, 1864. 

WILLIAM HAMMERSCHMIMT, President and Treasurer of 
the Lombard Brick & Tile Co., Lombard, Illinois, was born 
in Naperville. Illinois, October 10, 1853, has been buying coal 
in the Chicago market over forty years, and has been in the 
coal business for himself since May, 1892. He has served as 
Treasurer of the Illinois and Wisconsin Retail Dealers' Asso- 
ciation. Mr. Hammerschmidt is a well-known and success- 
ful coal merchant, has been Supervisor of the County in 
which he resides twenty-seven years, and is now represented 
in the Service by two sons. 

CHARLES HANAN has been a retail coal merchant for 
nineteen years at Macomb, Illinois. He was born at White 
Cloud, Kansas, July 28, 1870. 

HENRY PAUL HANSEN, Oak Park, Illinois, has been in 
the retail coal business nine years. He was born in Ger- 
many In 1881. 

WILLIAM J. HARHIS is a retail coal merchant who has 
been in the business for about sixteen years at Watseka, 
Illinois. He was born September 12, 1871, at Culver, Indi- 
ana. 

JAMES HAMRICK HARSHMAN, Oregon, Illinois, is the 
proprietor of the J. H. Harshman Coal Co. He has been 
in the retail business for five years, formerly with the In- 
diana Coal Co. and H. D. Haight & Co. He was born in 
Maryland April 25, 1857. 

FRKM WILLIAM HELLER is Secretary-Treasurer and 
General Manager of the Jerseyville Ice & Fuel Co. at Jer- 
seyville, Illinois, and has been connected with the business 
for five years. He was born at Jerseyville, April 1, 1876. 

J. A. HENKHY is Manager for the Plainfield Grain Co. 
at Plainfield, Illinois, which has other yards at Caton 
Farm, Frontenac, Normantown and Wolfs, Illinois. 

E. B. HERSCI1 of Hersch Bros.. Polo, Illinois, was born in 
Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, April 29, 1852, and has 
been in the coal business about twenty years. 

A. J. HERSCH of Hersch Bros., Polo, Illinois, was born in 
Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, November 15. 1866, and 
has been in the coal and lumber business since 1893. 

WILLIAM HKRTMAN, Mascoutah, Illinois, is Superin- 
tendent of the Kolb Coal Co. and has been connected with 
the coal industry for over thirty-one years. He formerly 
was with the Southern Coal. Coke & Mining Co. and with 
the Missouri & Illinois Coal Co. He has served as State 
Inspector of Mines for the Ninth Illinois District. He was 
born at Belleville, Illinois, November 18, 1872. 

R. C. HILL, Manager of The Scranton & Big Muddy Coal 
Mining Co. at Marion, Illinois, has been in the business 
sixteen years. He was formerly with the Galatia Coal Co. at 
Galatia, Illinois. He was born in Sallna County, Illinois, 
June 25, 1875. 

HKNRY ANTONK Mil I Hill is Secretary and Treasurer 
of The II. A. Hillmer Co., retail coal merchants at Freeport, 
Illinois. He is Vice President of the Hoefer Coal Co., 
Dixon, Illinois, and formerly was connected with Smith 
& Porter and H. J. Porter at Freeport. He has been con- 
nected with the coal trade since 1890 and passed practically 
all his life at Freeport. 

WILLIAM M. HIXMAN, Adair, Illinois, is Manager for the 
Farmers' Elevator & Produce Co. and has been in the coal 
business for nine years. He was born at Chariton. Iowa, 
January 4, 1866. 

JOHN A. HOFFMANN is Manager for Hoffmann Bros., 
retail coal merchants at Wilmette, Illinois. He has been 
in the coal business for twenty-one years. He was born 
January 22, 1865, at Gross Point, Illinois. His partner. 
Philip Hoffmann, was born at Gross Point October 12, 1862. 

\. II. HOLCOMB. Secretary-Treasurer of the Holcomb- 
Dutton Lumber Co. and a partner in Holcomb Bros., Syca- 
more, Illinois, was born in Sycamore July 7, 1875. 



89 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



S. A. HOLCOMB, Sycamore, Illinois, is partner in the 
firm of Holcomb Bros, and President of the Holcomb-Dut- 
ton Lumber Co., both of Sycamore. He has been in the 
coal business for twenty-six years and formerly was with 
Shurtleff & Holcomb. He was born in Sycamore April 11, 
1867. 

C. O. urn 11111:111.. 223 Highland Avenue, Rockford, Illi- 
nois, is proprietor and Manager of the Highland Lumber & 
Fuel Co. and has been in the business for three years. He 
was born in Sweden April 9, 1873. 

WALTER EARL HOOTS is General Sales Agent for the 
Macon County Coal Co., Decatur, Illinois, and formerly 
was with the Manufacturers & Consumers Coal Co., as 
Northwestern Sales Agent, with headquarters at Waterloo, 
Iowa. He has been four years in the business. He was 
born at Arthur, Illinois, November 10, 1893. 

JOHN H. HOWARD, Sales Manager of the Decatur Coal 
Co., 620 W. North St., Decatur, Illinois, has been in the coal 
business for fourteen years. He was born at Kenney, 
Illinois, June 7, 1870. 

FRANK HUBENET, retail coal merchant at Joliet, Illinois, 
'has been in the business for twenty-seven years. He was 
with Hunter & Curtis from 1886 to 1890. He is a native of 
Sweden and was born December 30, 1862. 

WILLIAM 11 1 nr.li> is President of the Rock Island Fuel 
Co. at Rock Island, Illinois, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for thirty-eight years. He was born in Germany 
November 5, 1855. Mr. Hubers is one of the substantial and 
respected members of the coal trade. 

GIT LANDON HUMPHREYS is Mining Engineer and 
Surveyor for the Toluca Coal Co. of Toluca, Illinois, and is 
doing similar work for other concerns. He has been con- 
nected with the coal business for thirty years, formerly 
with the coal mining department of the Atchison, Topeka & 
Santa F£ Railroad, acting as Chief Engineer for the com- 
pany's coal properties. He was born at Auburn, New York, 
in 1862. 

ELMER F. HUNTER, Chillicothe, Illinois, is General 
Manager for H. & E. F. Hunter and their affiliated com- 
panies and has been in the coal and lumber business for 
twenty-five years. He has served as a Director of the Illi- 
nois and Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' Association. He 
was born at Wheatland, Illinois, November 14, 1861. 

E. M. HUNGERFORD, retail merchant at Loda, Illinois, 
has been in the coal business for over forty years. He 
was born in Ohio in 1848. 

CHARLES W. HUSKINSON, 1125 Easton St., Alton, Illi- 
nois, is Secretary and Treasurer of the Mississippi Valley 
Coal Co. He has been connected with the coal business 
for thirteen years. He was born at Alton July 29, 1869. 

LEONARD WARD INGHAM of Clinton. Illinois, is Presi- 
dent of the Durham Coal Co., Galatia, Illinois. He was born 
at Waynesville, Illinois, November 25, 1880. Mr. Ingham is 
an attorney-at-law by profession. 

D. I*. JACKSON of Sesser, Illinois, is Superintendent of 
the Sesser Coal Co. and has been connected with the coal 
business for twenty-seven years. He was formerly with 
the Livingston Coal Co. He was born February 19, 1875, 
at Alton, Illinois. 

J. H. JACOBSBX, Brocton, Illinois, has been in the retail 
coal business there for twenty-three years. He was born 
in Macon County, Illinois, December 19, 1871. 

LOUIS J. JACQUOT, retail coal merchant at Warsaw, Illi- 
nois, has been in the coal business fourteen years. He for- 
merly was connected with the Warsaw Hay, Grain & Coal 
Co. He was born February 27, 1865, at Warsaw. 

OTTO JAEGER, proprietor of the Peoples Coal Co. at 
Chicago Heights, Illinois, has been in the business for fif- 
teen years, formerly with the Chicago Heights Coal Co. He 
was born in Germany July 14, 1877. 

MORTIMER M. JAMES, owner of the James Elevator at 
Greenup, Illinois, has been in the coal business for twenty- 
nine years. He was born at Ladoga, Indiana, November 
18. 1861. 

CHARLES EMMET JETER, a partner in the firm of Jeter 
& Jeter at Piano, Illinois, has been in the coal business for 
nineteen years. He was born in Roanoke, Illinois, March 3, 
1875. 

MORGAN W. JENKINS of Washington, Illinois, has been 
engaged in the retail coal business sixteen years. He was 
born in Washington November 27. 1861. 

WILLIAM H. JENKINS of Danville, Illinois, has been in 
the retail coal business for the last twenty-one years and 
for seventeen years previously he was a coal miner in Ohio, 
Kentucky, Illinois and Missouri. He was born in Wales 
March 15, 1855. 

AXEL JOHNSON, Kewanee. Illinois, is the owner of the 
Kewanee Ice & Fuel Co. and has been in the business for 
four years. He was born in Sweden March 5, 1868. 



FRANK E. JOHNSON, owner of the Johnson Fuel Co., 
"Heat Dealers," Galesburg, Illinois, has been in the retail 
business for seventeen years, formerly with James C. 
Simpson & Co. He was born at Galesburg in 1868. 

GEORGE HENRY JOHNSON, President and General 
Manager of the Consumers Coal & Ice Co., Peoria, Illinois, 
has been seven years in the business. He was formerly 
with the Maplewood Colliery Co. He was born in Norway 
June 10, 1884. 

VERNER JOHNSON, Rockford, Illinois, is Secretary of 
the Johnson Lumber & Fuel Co. and has been in the busi- 
ness for eighteen years, formerly with the Seventh Street 
Fuel Co. at Rockford. He was born October 25, 1871, in 
Sweden. 

A. C. JOHNSTON, senior partner of the A. C. Johnston 
& Son, has been in the retail coal business for twenty-five 
years at Joliet, Illinois. He was born October 14, 1849. 

L. D. JONES, Secretary of the West Side Coal & Mining 
Co. at Coulterville, Illinois, has been connected with the 
coal industry for twenty-six years, formerly with the 
Coulterville Mining Co. He was born in Coulterville 
February 11, 1869. 

FRANK F. JORGENSEN, Gillespie, Illinois, is Chief Engi- 
neer for the Chicago & Northwestern Railway coal prop- 
erties and has been connected with the business for thir- 
teen years. He was born at West Side, Iowa. September 

29, 1880. He formerly was Chief Engineer for the Consoli- 
dated Coal Co. at Buxton, Iowa. 

JOHN KALLGREN, President of the Streeter-Kallgren 
Lumber Co. at Grant Park, Illinois, has been in the business 
for twenty-three years. He was born October 2, 1857, in 
Sweden. 

GEORGE F. KARBER, Rosiclare, Illinois, has been in the 
retail coal business at Rosiclare for five years. He was born 
at Karber's Ridge, Illinois, August 2, 1882. 

FRED R. KENT is the owner of the business of E. Kent 
& Co. at Clinton, Illinois. He has been in the retail busi- 
ness for over thirty years. Emmett Kent, who died March 

30, 1890, established the business in 1859. Fred R. Kent 
was born at Clinton, September 30, 1862, and is one of the 
well-known coal merchants of the state. 

ROY HARRY KENTFIELD, Master Mechanic at Gilles- 
pie, Illinois, for the Superior Coal Co., has been connected 
with the business for eleven years. He was born at Givin, 
Iowa, November 18, 1887. 

WILLIS D. KILGORE is Manager of the Kilgore Coal Co. 
at Danville, Illinois, and has been connected with the 
business since 1902. He was formerly with the Kelly 
Coal Co. and was born at Eugene, Indiana, September 18, 
1880. He is Secretary-Treasurer of the Grape Creek Valley 
Mining Co. 

WILLIAM RICHARD KING is a retail coal merchant at 
Keithsburg, Illinois, who has been in the business for 
twenty-seven years. He was born October 27, 1854, in New 
York City. 

GUSTAF F. KIRCHHOFF, junior partner of Kirchhoff 
Bros, at Hampshire, Illinois, has been connected with the 
coal business for eighteen years. He was born at Deyden, 
Illinois, November 3, 1869. 

HERMAN H. KIRCHHOFF. senior partner in the firm 
of Kirchhoff Bros, at Hampshire, Illinois, has been in the 
coal business since 1886, formerly with C. A. Franzen & 
Co. at Pingree, Illinois. He was born at Leyden, Illinois, 
January 27, 1861. 

CORNWALL E. KIRKPATRICK is Manager of the coal 
business of C. E. Kirkpatrick & Co. at Anna, Illinois, and 
has been in the trade for thirty-six years. He was born at 
Point Pleasant, Ohio, January 10, 1852. 

JOHN KLASNER, 111 Henry St., Alton, Illinois, is a retail 
coal merchant who has been in the business for sixteen 
years. He was born October 8, 1874, at Alton. 

FRED R. KLUCKHOHN is the proprietor of the Fred R. 
Kluckhohn Coal Co. at Naperville, Illinois, which he took 
over May 31, 1917, as successor to C. J. Keller. Mr. Kluck- 
hohn was born at Reddick, Illinois, November 21, 1891. 

F\ KOHL, Centralia, Illinois, is President of the Marion 
County Coal Co. The coal business is a side line with him, 
but his father was the pioneer in developing the coal 
mining industry in that field. Mr. Kohl was born in Cen- 
tralia in September, 1865, and is in the banking business. 

WILLIAM G. KORRELL, retail coal merchant at Mel- 
rose Park, Illinois, has been engaged in the business for 
nineteen years. He was born at Proviso, Illinois, January 
2, 1872. 

W. E. KREIDER has been a retail coal merchant at 
Tonica, Illinois, for twenty-six years. He was born at 
Wenona, Illinois, November 9, 1865. 



90 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



WALTER C. KHIECKIIAl'S is Superintendent of the Car- 
terville & Big .Muddy Coal Co. at Herrin, Illinois, with which 
he has been connected for two years. He was formerly 
receiver for the Watson Coal Co. He was born in St. Louis, 
Missouri, September 25, 1882. 

TELESPHORE LAKOM), senior member of the firm of 
T. Lafond & Son, Kankakee, Illinois, has been in the retail 
coal business over twenty years. He was born in Canada, 
April 22, 1847. His son, Sylva Lafond, is the junior mem- 
ber of the firm. The latter was born December 22, 1874. 

HENRY LANDEAV Is the proprietor of a retail coal 
business at Mendota, Illinois, and has been there for over 
twenty-two years. He was born July 28, 1861, in New 
York City. 

CHARLES LOtIS LE1TNER, Pekin, Illinois, is President 
of the German Coal Co. and has been in the retail business 
ten years. He was born in Illinois November 29, 1870. 

R. ALFRED LIGHT has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness at Christman, Illinois, for twelve years. He was born 
at Christman in 1874 and is well known in the trade. 

WILLIAM L. LIMAGE, Salesman and Manager for the 
coal firm of Limage Bros, at Hanover, Illinois, has been 
connected with the business for eighteen years. He was 
born at Hanover, August 25, 1866. 

AL'Gl'ST C. LOHMAN.W Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Abbey Coal Corp. at Collinsville, Illinois, has been in the 
business for eleven years, formerly with the Collinsville Ice 
& Fuel Co. He was born September 22, 1883, in Madison 
County, Illinois. 

FRAXCIS A. Lfl\(;\K('KER, retail coal merchant at 
Kinderhook, Illinois, has been in the business for over 
thirty years. He was born at Kinderhook August 6, 1861. 

C. H. LUCAS is a partner In the National Fuel Co. at 
Galesburg, Illinois, and Manager of one of its coal yards. 
He was formerly connected with the Spoon River Coal Co. 
and has been in the business for fifteen years. He was 
born in Illinois in 1872. 

A. J. LLNDAHL is President of the Lundahl Bros. Fuel 
& Contracting Co., Moline, Illinois, and has been in the 
retail coal business nine years. He was born In Moline April 
14, 1880. 

R. H. LUNDAHL is Secretary of the Lundahl Bros. Fuel 
& Contracting Co., Moline, Illinois. He has been connected 
with the retail trade for nine years. He was born at Mo- 
lino October 31, 1888. 

W. E. LYON, Carthage, Illinois, Is the owner of the busi- 
ness of W. E. Lyon & Co. and has been In the retail trade 
for sixteen years. He was born April 5, 1872, at Burlington, 
Iowa. 

JOHN R. MaeFARLAND, General Manager of Sales for 
the O'Gara Coal Co., Chicago, Illinois, resides at Wilmette, 
Illinois. He has been engaged in the coal business for 
twenty-five' years, formerly with Coxe Bros. & Co. and the 
Weaver Coal Co. He was born in Chicago June 24, 1874. 

GRANT MADEN, retail coal merchant at Winchester, 
Illinois, has been in the business for eight years. He was 
born at Oregon, Illinois, February 28, 1865. 

RALPH C. MANNING, retail coal merchant at Warren- 
vllle, Illinois, has been in the business for eleven years. 
He was born in Warrenville June 5, 1879. 

C. L. MARKEE is proprietor of the Markee Fuel Co. at 
Moline, Illinois, having purchased the Moline Fuel Co. 
February 1, 1917. He has been connected with the coal 
business for sixteen years, formerly with Butzer & Markee 
at Hillsdale, Illinois. He was born at Erie, Illinois, July 
16, 1876. 

ELI MASON, Athens, Illinois, began his career in the 
coal industry when he was a boy of eleven years in Eng- 
land, where he was born in I860. He is now General Super- 
intendent for the Athens & Dawson Coal Co., Athens, Illi- 
nois, and was formerly with the following: Citizens Coal 
Co., Sangamon Coal Co., Clear Lake Coal Co. and Wabash 
Coal Co. He says that boys In the mines of England saw 
daylight only once a week, when mother called them for 
Sunday dinner. 

JOHN T. MAt'LE. sole owner of the John T. Maule Coal 
Co., 37 Missouri Ave., East St. Louis. Illinois, has been in 
the coal business thirteen years, formerly with the F. 
Maule Coal Co. nine years. He has served as Secretary 
of the East St. Louis Retail Coal Dealers' Association. He 
was born September 3, 1890, In Belleville, Illinois. He is 
the third generation of the Maule family to be In the coal 
business. 

T. p. MAIITZ, retail coal merchant at Stewardson, Illi- 
nois, has been doing business for thirty years. He was 
born In this country in 1860. 

WILLIAM LEWIS MrCLOI'D, retail coal merchant at Shel- 
don, Illinois, has been in the retail trade for seventeen 
years, formerly as a traveling salesman for H. W. Lynch 
of Peoria. He was born at Worthington, Ohio, September 
19, 1859. 



WILLIAM J. McC'OY owns a retail coal yard at Thom- 
son, Illinois, and has been in the business for fifteen years. 
He was born at Princeton, Iowa, December 18, 1871. 

JAMES MeCREDIE. Aurora, Illinois, has been in the coal 
business eighteen years. He was born in Wigtonshire, 
Scotland, October 4, 1859. His son, James David McCredie. 
was born in Earlville, Illinois, January 22. 1892, and formerly 
managed the business at Aurora. He was graduated from 
Cornell University in 1915, and admitted to the bar at 
Chicago, after which he learned the coal business, working 
for his father. He enlisted in the U. S. Navy in May, 
1917, was in training at Newport, R. I., and is now on the 
United States battleship New York in foreign service. Mr. 
McCredie is a 33° Mason and is Deputy Grand Commander 
of the Grand Commandery, Knights Templar, of Illinois. 

JOHN MeDERMAID, 212 N. Madison Street, Rockford, Illi- 
nois, is a retail coal merchant who has been doing business 
for twenty-one years. He was born in Scotland in 1842. 

D. C. McDILL, coal merchant at Biggsville, Illinois, has 
been in the business for thirty-four years. Formerly he 
was manager for J. C. McDill, but since 1916 has been In 
business for himself. He was born August 9, 1847, at 
Biggsville. 

LEONARD IRASON McFARLING, President of the firm 
of McFarling & Sons, Marshall, Illinois, has been in the 
coal business for about two years. He was born in Clark 
County, Illinois, January 12, 1868. 

EDWIN H. MeKOWN, retail coal merchant at 1401 Second 
Avenue, Rock Island, Illinois, has been in the business for 
twenty-nine years, formerly with E. G. Frazer. He was 
born at Davenport, Iowa, March 17, 1858. 

HARRY MeMANUS, retail coal merchant at Kinsman, Illi- 
nois, has been in the business for fourteen years. He was 
born at Peoria, Illinois. 

WILLIAM HENRY' JlcXEES, Sidell. Illinois, is a retail 
coal merchant who has been in the business fourteen years 
at Hildreth, Illinois. He was born in Vermilion County, 
Illinois, July 30, 1860. 

H. G. MEIERKORD is Manager of the C. H. Meierkord 
Coal, Wood & Ice Co. at Quincy, Illinois, and has been 
in the retail business for himself for eight years. He was 
born at LaGrange, Missouri. January 27, 1868. 

B. B. METCALF, Manager for E. J. Metcalf, retail coal 
merchant at Normal, Illinois, has been in the business for 
five years. He was born at Normal October 16, 1891. 

HENRY MEYER has been in the retail coal business for 
three years at Pecatonica, Illinois. Formerly he was for 
fifteen years with W. J. Bucklin. He was born at Nort- 
moor, Germany, January 24, 1880. 

EDWARD MICHAELIS, Belleville, Illinois, is President 
of the Pittsburgh Mining Co. and has been connected with 
the coal industry for seventeen years, formerly with the 
Lenz Coal & Mining Co., filling the position of Superintend- 
ent. He was born at Belleville in September, 1881. 

NEAL MIKESELL, Rock Island, Illinois, is Sales Manager 
for the Rock Island Fuel Co. and has been connected with 
the business for fourteen years. He was born February 19, 
1883, at Troy, Ohio. 

A. JLDSON MILES, retail coal merchant at Mt. Carroll, 
Illinois, has been in the business for seventeen years. He 
was born in Mt. Carroll in 1870. 

ALBERT H. MILLER. 511 Bonnie Brae, River Forest, Illi- 
nois, is Secretary-Treasurer of the Union Coal Co. of Dan- 
bury, Connecticut, and has been interested in the coal busi- 
ness for sixteen years. He was born at Terryville, Connec- 
ticut, January 23, 1864. 

FRED A. Mil. I. km. Manager F. A. Miller Lumber Co., 
Gibson City, 111., was born in Germania August 7, 1881, 
and has been retailing coal for three years. 

JOSEPH E. MILLER has for twenty-flve years conducted 
his retail coal business at Mtlledgeville, Illinois. He was 
born In Pennsylvania October 16, 1861. 

RALPH B. MITCHELL, Johnston City, Illinois, is Gen- 
eral Superintendent of the Ernest Coal Co. and of the 
Marlon & Pittsburgh Coal Co. He has been connected with 
the coal business for thirteen years and formerly was with 
the Franklin Coal & Coke Co. and the Cambria Coal Co. 
He was born at Plains, Pennsylvania. February 5, 1886. 

GEORGE S. MONSER is President of the Wenona Coal 
Co. at Wenona, Illinois, and has been in the business for 
thirty-six years. He was born at Wenona October 3, 1866. 
The company was established by his father, Edward L. 
Monser, who sunk the mine about thirty-six years ago. 

WILLIAM E. MONSER is Vice President of the Wenona 
Coal Co. at Wenona, Illinois, and has been its Secretary 
and Treasurer for twenty-seven years. He has been with the 
same company for twenty-nine years. The mine was sunk 
by his father, Edward L. Monser, In 1882. He was born In 
Wenona August 1, 1869. 



91 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



CLAUDE LEAVBTTE MOORE, senior member of the firm 
of C. L. & H. C. Moore, retail coal merchants at Kankakee, 
Illinois, has been in the business for fourteen years. He 
was born at Kankakee May 21, 1859. Mr. Moore is con- 
sidered an authority on bookkeeping and cost of handling 
coal at retail. 

GILBERT G. MOORE is Manager of the Lone Star Coal 
Co. at Carriers Mills, Illinois, and has been in the business 
for six years. He was born in Dubois County, Indiana, 
January 18, 1884. 

DAVID J. MORRIS, retail coal merchant at Big Rock, 
Illinois, has been in the business for twenty-six years. He 
was born at Delafleld, Wisconsin, April 27, 1863. 

HOWARD W. MORRIS, President of the Sharon Coal & 
Brick Co. at Georgetown, Illinois, has been in the business 
for eleven years and is also engaged in selling coal lands. 
He was born at Colonia, Indiana, April 17, 1871. 

FRANK MOSHER, senior partner in the coal firm of 
Mosher & Embree, DeKalb, Illinois, has been in the retail 
business for about twenty-seven years. He has served as 
President of the Illinois and Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' 
Association. He was born in DeKalb County, Illinois, July 
4, 1865, and is well-known in both coal and lumber circles. 

THOMAS MOWE is Superintendent of the Peoples Coal 
Co. at Lebanon, Illinois, and has been engaged in the busi- 
ness for eight years. He was born at Birkers Station, Illi- 
nois, April 18, 1879. 

EDWARD MURPHY, retail coal merchant at Lexington, 
Illinois, has been in the business for twenty-five years. He 
was born at Lexington October 8, 1860. 

GRANVILLE J. MURPHY of Mound City, Illinois, is one 
of the oldest retail coal merchants in southern Illinois, hav- 
ing been in the business for over thirty years continuously. 
He is President of the Mound City Ice Mfg. & Coal Co., 
which he organized about twenty years ago. He was born 
at New Madrid, Missouri, April 23, 1859. His son, L. A. 
Murphy, was born at Mound City, July 20, 1880, and has 
been associated for twenty years in the business, of which 
he is in active management. 

ELIZABETH W. NEHRHOOD, 106 Sixth Avenue, Sterling, 
Illinois, is the Owner and Manager of the Peoples Ice & 
Coal Co. Miss Nehrhood has been in the business four years 
and has been very successful. 

FRED D. 1VELLIS. Secretary and Treasurer of the Fred 
D. Nellis Coal Co., Cairo, Illinois, has been connected with 
the coal business twenty years, formerly as a member of the 
firm of McCarthy & Nellis. He was born in Cairo July 2, 
1876. Mr. Nellis is City Commissioner and County Treasurer 
and has extensive farming interests. 

THOMAS ASHCROFT NICHOLSON is the President and 
General Manager of the Nicholson Bros. Coal Co. at Nash- 
ville, Illinois, and has been in the business for eleven 
years. He was formerly with the Nicholson Mining & Mfg. 
Co. of Henderson, Kentucky. He was born at Philipsburg, 
Pennsylvania, December 25, 1886. 

AUGUST NOVOTNY of LaGrange, Illinois, is the proprie- 
tor of the Spring Valley Water. Ice & Coal Co. and has been 
in the business for three years. He was born in Bohemia 
August 28, 1873. 

WESLEY J. OTT, Walnut, Illinois, has been in the retail 
coal business at Walnut forty-four years, formerly with 
C. H. Adams & Co. and with Ott & Hockenbury. He was 
born in Frederick County, Maryland, June 21, 1836. 

CHARLES V. PARKER, President of the Chas. V. Par- 
ker Co., coal merchants at Harrisburg, Illinois, has been 
in the retail business for eleven years. He was born in 
Hardin County, Illinois, March 23, 1872. 

ROBERT H. PATCH, Manager for the coal firm of Patch 
Bros, at Glen Ellyn, Illinois, has been connected with the 
business for seven years. He was born at Towanda, Penn- 
sylvania, November 17, 1867. 

J. H. PATTERSON, President of the J. H. Patterson Co., 
Marengo, Illinois, coal merchants, has been engaged in the 
business thirty-two years and his company now operates six 
coal yards in Northern Illinois. He was born in Marengo 
May 6, 1860. 

WARREN PENWELL, Secretary-Treasurer of the Penwell 
Coal Mining Co., Pana, Illinois, has been in the coal busi- 
ness for over twenty-eight years. He was born in Pana 
February 6, 1869. 

HERMAN C. PERRY, Hillsboro, Illinois, is General Su- 
perintendent of the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad coal 
properties and for thirty-two years has been connected with 
the coal business, formerly with Donk Bros. Coal & Coke Co. 
He has been Illinois State President of the United Mine 
Workers of America. He was born at Hunter, Ohio. 



EDGAR THOMAS PETTYS, 507 West Park St., Urbana, 
Illinois, is Commission Salesman for the Sharon Coal & 
Brick Co. and has been connected with the coal business 
for five years. He was formerly with the Moore & Pettys 
Coal Co. He was born in Iroquois County, Illinois, Sep- 
tember 4, 1855. 

FRED S. PFAHLE, Belleville, Illinois, is General Su- 
perintendent of the Southern Coal, Coke & Mining Co. and 
has been connected with the industry for thirteen years. 
He has served as First Vice President of the Illinois Min- 
ing Institute. He was born August 18, 1883, at North Mc- 
Gregor, Iowa. 

CHARLES A. PIERCE, owner of the business of the C. 
A. Pierce Lumber Co. at Le Roy, Illinois, has been con- 
nected with the business for eighteen years. He was born 
at West Port, New York, January 14, 1868. 

JOSEPH C. PIERCE has been a retail coal merchant at 
Malta, Illinois, for twenty-nine years. He was born April 
23, 1844, at Grahamsville, New York. 

JOHN LOUIS PIPE, Quincy, Illinois, is a retail coal mer- 
chant who has been connected with the business for twenty- 
seven years. He formerly was with E. W. Trowbridge at 
Quincy and with the Wabash Coal Co. for eleven and six 
years respectively. He was born at St. Louis, Missouri, 
August 18, 1877. 

ROBERT POGUE is senior partner in the Pogue Lumber 
Co. at Paw Paw, Illinois, which company has a retail yard at 
Waterman, Illinois. He has been in the business thirty-four 
years, formerly with M. J. Pogue & Sons and with Pogue 
Bros. Lurakr Co. He was born in Oswego, Illinois, Janu- 
ary 9. 1862. 

CHARLES POINTON, 1028 North Richland St., Belleville, 
Illinois, is Secretary and Sales Agent for the New National 
Coal & Mining Co. and has been in the business for six 
years. He was born in Belleville July 12, 1884. 

J. V. PRICE, coal merchant at Casey, Illinois, has been 
in the business for thirty-one years, and formerly was con- 
nected with the firm of Sanford Price & Co. He was born 
in Licking County, Ohio. 

LEE W. RAILSBACK is Manager of the coal firm of Rails- 
back Bros, at Weldon, Illinois. He has been identified with 
the business for fifteen years and formerly was with B. T. 
Railsback Sons. He was born at Hopedale, Illinois, August 
13, 1879. 

ROY J. RAILSBACK, Hopedale, Illinois, has been In the 
retail coal business all his life and is the President and 
Manager of B. T. Railsback Sons at Hopedale. He was 
born at Hopedale, December 1, 1877. 

WILLIAM S. RANKIN, retail coal merchant at Windsor, 
Illinois, has been in the retail trade for twenty years. He 
was born at Windsor in 1866. 

D. EUGENE RAYMOND, Dixon, Illinois, is Manager of 
the business of D. B. Raymond & Son, and has been in the 
coal trade since October, 1903. He was born at Tecumseh, 
Michigan, in July, 1861. D. B. Raymond, senior member 
of the firm, died at the age of eighty-two in October, 1915. 

WILLIAM RISER, Belleville, Illinois, is Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Lattmann-Reeb Coal Co. and has like- 
wise been interested in the Reeb Coal Co., which was re- 
cently sold to the Radium Coal Co. Mr. Reeb has been in 
the coal business for over thirty years. He was born at 
Belleville August 15, 1865. 

CLAUS F. REIMERS is senior partner of the Reimers 
Feed & Coal Co. at 2231 B St., Granite City. Illinois, and has 
been in the business for five years. He was born in 
Germany, March 7, 1855. 

HENRY W. REIMERS is a junior partner of the Reimers 
Feed & Coal Co. at Granite City, Illinois, and has been 
connected with the business for five years. He was born at 
Watertown, North Dakota, October 26, 1888. 

WILLIAM REINWALD, retail coal merchant at Carmi, 
Illinois, has been engaged in the business for nine years. 
He was born at Burnt Prairie, Illinois, October 27, 1861. 

C. W. RENNER, owner of Renner's coal yard at Mt. 
Pulaski, Illinois, has been three years in the business. He 
was born at Mt. Pulaski in 1877. 

EUGENE E. RESLER, Manager of the Heaton Farmers' 
Grain Co. at Hoopeston, Illinois, has been in the business 
for three years. He was born at Odin, Illinois, March 4, 
1886. 

FREDERICK W. REUTER is executive head of the coal 
firm of Hazen & Reuter at Dewey, Illinois, and has been 
in the business for eight years. He was born in Germany 
March 21, 1889. 

O. H. RHODES, Vienna, Illinois, is a member of the firm 
of Rhodes & Son and has been engaged in the retail coal 
business for thirteen years. He was born January 19, 1862, 
at Wabash, Indiana. 



92 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



H. CLAIR HlMil.K is Manager for William Ringle & Co., 
coal merchants at Cambridge, Illinois. He has been in the 
business for eleven years. He was born in Cambridge, July 
3, 1883. 

BEN D. ROBERTS, 324 Sumner Street, Streator, Illinois, 
Is Vice President and General Manager of the Heenanville 
Coal Co. Formerly he was connected with the following: 
Starr Coal Co., Oglesby Coal Co.,. Virden Coal Co., and 
has served as State Inspector of Mines in Illinois. He was 
born In Wales in 1858. 

F. H. ROCKWELL, Rock Island, Illinois, is President of 
the Rockwell Ice & Fuel Co. and has been in the business 
nine years. He was born in Geneseo, Illinois. 

HERMAN J. HOUR, Alexis, Illinois, is the owner and 
Manager of Rohr's coal mine and has been in the business 
since 1899. He was a member of the firm of Cook & Rohr 
from that year until 1906, when Mr. Cook retired. Mr. 
Rohr was born in Germany February 8, 1863. 

RALPH A. HOLLO, Murphysboro, Illinois, is a civil engi- 
neer for the Sunnyside Coal Co. and other concerns. He 
has been connected with the coal industry for ten years. 
He was born at Streator, Illinois, September 21, 1882. 

CLYDE P. ROSS, Kenilworth, Illinois, is Contracting Man- 
ager connected with the Roberts & Schaefer Co. of Chicago. 
He was born at Rockford, Illinois, December 3, 1882. 

HORACE B. ROWE, SR., Kenney, Illinois, is President 
of the Kenney Elevator Co. He has been in the grain busi- 
ness for twenty-five years and in the coal business for 
seven years. He was born at New Haven, Connecticut, in 
1852. 

HORACE B. ROWE, JR., is Manager of the Kenney Ele- 
vator Co. at Kenney, Illinois, and has been in the coal 
business for twelve years. He formerly was with the 
Hartsburg Grain, Coal & Lumber Co. and the Colfax Grain 
Co. He was born at New Haven, Connecticut, September 10, 
1878. 

CHARLES ROWLAND, Belleville, Illinois, is Mine Boss 
for the Oakdale Coal & Mining Co. and has been engaged 
in the coal mining industry for fifty-six years, starting in 
England, where he was born June 14, 1846. Formerly he 
was Mine Manager at the Walnut Valley mine. He also 
served three years as Mine Inspector. 

CARROLL A. Rl'CKEL is the Owner and Manager of the 
retail coal business of A. D. Ruckel & Son at White Hall, 
Illinois, and he has been in business sixteen years. He was 
born at White Hall April 9, 1872. The business was estab- 
lished about the year 1900 by A. D. Ruckel, his father, who 
died June 7, 1911. 

ERNST RTEHL has been engaged in the retail coal 
business for thirty-eight years, during the past twelve years 
at Chatsworth, Illinois. He formerly was connected with the 
following concerns: E. Ruehl & Co., Storm Lake, Iowa; 
Crocker Elevator Co., Decatur, Illinois; Shellabarger Eleva- 
tor Co., Decatur, Illinois, and the Maroa Lumber Co., Maroa, 
Illinois. He was born in Decatur, Illinois. September 9, 1863. 

WILLIAM H. RUSSELL, retail coal merchant at Gillespie, 
Illinois, has been in the business for eleven years. He was 
born in Iowa. 

C. II. HI SSI >l, a coal merchant at Heyworth, Illinois, 
has been in the retail business for five years and was at 
one time a member of the firm of Casey & Russum. He 
was born in DeWitt County, Illinois, September 28, 1873. 

W. J. SACKMAX, Waukegan, Illinois. Is Secretary-Treas- 
urer of the North Chicago Lumber & Coal Co. and has 
been engaged in the business for twelve years. He was 
born in Waukegan December 7, 1874. 

CASPER P. SAI.M is Sales Manager for the Jones & 
Adams Coal Co., 1028 Jefferson Building, Peoria, Illinois, and 
has been in the business for eight years. He was born at 
Peoria, March 3, 1889. He has many friends in the trade. 

WILLIAM M. SANFOHIJ, Freeport, Illinois, is senior 
member of the Sanford & Zartman Lumber Co. and is in 
charge of the fuel department. He has been In the busi- 
ness for twenty-three years, part of the time with the Taylor 
Coal '•■) He baa served as President of the Illinois and 
Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' Association for two tei-ins 
and has been a member of the Board of Directors for three 
years. He was born at Watertown, Wisconsin, April 
17, 1868. 

\I.IU'.I(T M. sen AEKEH. retail coal merchant at Marine, 
Illinois, has been In business for seven years. He was 
born at Marine in 1867. 

FRED T. SC'IIEHEK. Ottawa, Illinois, Is the owner of 
the retail coal business which he has been engaged in for 
twenty-eight years. Formerly he was President of the La- 
Salle County Coal Bureau. He was horn at Ottawa In 
August, 1865. His son, Fred Scherer, Jr., has managed the 
office for six years. 



BRUNO SCHETTLKR, General Manager of the Benton 
Coal Co. at Benton, Illinois, has been in the coal business 
for twenty-seven years. He was formerly connected with 
the Peabody Coal Co., the Jones & Adams Coal Co., and 
the Illinois Collieries Co. He was born in Saxony, Ger- 
many, March 25, 1877. 

EILERT W. SCHMIDT, retail coal merchant at 113 Henry 
St., Alton, Illinois, has been identified with the business 
for eleven years, having formerly been connected with the 
Dorsey Fuel Co. He was born July 27, 1847, in Germany. 

W. E. SCOTT has for eight years been a retail coal 
merchant at Denver, Illinois. He was born at Denver July 
3, 1878. 

HERMAN L. SEEKAMP, Chief Electrician for the Superior 
Coal Co., at Gillespie, Illinois, has been connected with the 
business for fifteen years. Formerly he was with the 
Madison Coal Corp., the Staunton Mt. Olive Coal Co. and the 
Black Diamond Coal Co. He was born at Alton, Illinois, May 
26, 1876. 

LOUIS W. SENSENEY of Auburn, Illinois, is President 
of The Auburn & Alton Coal Co. and also President of the 
Niantic Mining Co. He has been engaged in the coal indus- 
try for over twenty years. He was born at Bloomington, 
Illinois, May 31, 1869. 

CLAUDE H. SEYMOUR is head of the coal firm of C. H. 
Seymour, 110 Douglas Ave., Elgin, Illinois, and has been 
engaged in the retail business for nine years. He was 
born at Fredonia, Kansas, May 25, 1882. Mrs. W. H. Sey- 
mour, widow of W. H. Seymour, who for twelve years was 
in the retail coal business at Elgin, is a partner in the firm. 

J. M. SEYMOUR, Benton, Illinois, is President of the 
Franklin County Mining Co. Mr. Seymour was a pioneer in 
the development of coal mines in Franklin County, Illinois, 
and has opened up and equipped five large mines in this 
field since 1903. The following are the mines and the com- 
panies with which he has been connected: Dering Coal Co., 
No. 11, at West Frankfort, Illinois; Benton Coal Co., Hart- 
Williams Coal Co., Middle Fork Mining Co., now owned by 
the United States Fuel Co., and the Franklin County Mining 
Co., mines all near Benton, Illinois. He was born at Knob- 
noster, Missouri, October 21, 1869. 

GLENN A. SHAFER is Superintendent of the Pana Coal 
Co. at Pana, Illinois, and has been connected with the coal 
business for eleven years. He has been Mining Engineer 
with the following companies: Centralia Coal Co. at Cen- 
tralia. Bell & Zoller Mining Co. at Zeigler, Moweaqua Coal 
Mining Co. at Moweaqua. and Assumption Coal & Mining Co. 
at Assumption, all of Illinois. Mr. Shafer was born in As- 
sumption September 23, 1888. 

SILAS AMBROSE SHAFER, Assumption, Illinois, is Presi- 
dent and General Manager of the Assumption Coal & Min- 
ing Co., Inc., and holds similar positions with the Pana 
Coal Co. of Pana, Illinois, and the Moweaqua Coal Mining 
& Manufacturing Co. of Moweaqua, Illinois. Mr. Shafer has 
attended every convention of the coal miners and operators 
in Illinois and took a leading part on the side of the opera- 
tors In settling the strike in September, 1906. He has 
been identified with the coal industry for over thirty years. 
He was born near Lancaster, Ohio, November 7, 1851. He 
lias been a member of the Executive Board of the Illinois 
Coal Operators' Association since its organization, repre- 
senting the Fourth District. 

■WILLIAM F. SHAMBO, Aurora, Illinois, has filled the posi- 
tion of Manager of the Fox River Supply Co. ten years, hav- 
ing previously held the office of Treasurer four years. He Is 
a Director of the Illinois and Wisconsin Retail Coal Dealers' 
Association and President of the Kane County Fuel Mer- 
chants' Bureau. Mr. Shambo was born in Aurora September 
25, 1862. 

E. L. SHAVER is a member of the firm of Putnam & 
Shaver, coal merchants at Martinton, Illinois, and has been 
in the business for four years. He was born in Illinois 
August 13, 1886. 

CHARLES Mill lit has been in business for about fifteen 
years as a retail coal merchant at Paxton, Illinois. He was 
born in Plattsvllle, Ontario, September 17, 1864. 

GEORGE E. SHOEMAKER of the Shoemaker-Place Fuel 
Co., at Freeport, Illinois, has been for about two years In 
the ret nil business, prior to which he was engaged in coal 
mining, owning a half interest in one mine. He was born 
in Pennsylvania in 1855. 

' CHARLES II. SIMOXIJS Is the sole owner of the Simonds 
Coal & Ice Co. at Momence, Illinois, and has been ten years 
in the business. He was born in Momence. 

HOI c. SMII>so\, North Chillicothe, Illinois, was born in 
Milton, Iowa, January 12, 1889, and has been In the coal 
business three years. 

ALBERT FRANCIS SMITH, Carbondale, Illinois, is Man- 
ager and principal shareholder in the firm of A. F. Smith 
& Co. He has been in the retail coal business for eleven 
years. He was born at Houston, Missouri, November 21, 
1873. 



93 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



EARL SMITH, retail coal merchant at Virginia, Illinois, 
has been in the business for thirteen years, formerly with 
his father. He was born February 24, 1881, at Jacksonville, 
Illinois. 

J. W. SMITH is Manager of the Hebron Lumber Co., 
Hebron, Illinois, which is a branch of the Tibbetts-Cam- 
eron Lumber Co. of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He has been 
connected with the business for fourteen years. He was 
born at Hebron February 11, 1879. 

JOSEPH C. SNYDER has been a retail coal merchant at 
Fulton, Illinois, since 1881. He was born in Fulton November 
14, 1857. 

MICHAEL SPARKS, retail coal merchant at St. Francis- 
ville, Illinois, has been in the business for seven years and 
is forty-six years old. He. was born in Illinois. 

EDWARD H. STASSEN is Manager and partner In the 
coal business of D. Stassen & Son at Peotone, Illinois, 
which was established in 1881. He became a member of the 
firm in 1902. He was born at Peotone May 28, 1872. D. 
Stassen, founder of the business, passed away December 
16, 1916. 

JAMES STANNERS STEELE is Mine Superintendent for 
the St. Paul Coal Co. at Granville, Illinois. He has been 
in the coal mining industry for about forty-three years 
and formerly was connected with the Spring Valley Coal 
Co. at Spring Valley, Illinois. He was born at Boness, 
Scotland, January 3, 1866. 

AUGUST STEINER of the coal firm of Aug. Steiner & 
Son, Homewood, Illinois, has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness between thirty and thirty-five years, formerly with 
Otto H. Hedrich & Co. and the Mitchell & Dillon Coal Co- 
Chicago. He has the honor of being Homewood's first retail 
coal merchant. He was born April 15, 1832, in Germany. 

ALBERT P. STEVENS has been the Owner and Manager 
of a retail coal business at Sandwich, Illinois, for nine years. 
He has been connected with the coal trade for twenty-one 
years, twelve years with the Alexander Lumber Co. and E. 
Doan and the last nine years for himself. He was born at 
Clinton, Wisconsin, August 24. 1866. 

ALLISTER KNOX STEWART, JR., 1113 Troy Road, Ed- 
wardsville, Illinois, Northern Division Engineer for the 
Madison Coal Corp., was born December 1, 1887, in Wash- 
ington, Missouri. Previous to his present position he was 
Mining Engineer six years for the Willis Coal & Mining Co. 

HENRY WYLIE STEWART, Monmouth, Illinois, is Treas- 
urer of the Silver Creek Colliery Co. and has been in the 
business for six years. He was born at Bloomington, Indi- 
ana, August 29, 1882. W. W. McCullough is Vice President 
and General Manager of this company. 

WILLIAM AUGUSTUS STOECKLE owns his retail coal 
business at Sterling, Illinois, where he has been in business 
ten years. He was born in Sterling October 6, 1868. 

GEORGE W. STOUT of Jacksonville, Illinois, has been 
in the retail coal business for twenty-two years. He was 
born near Jacksonville February 23, 1858. 

DONALD STUART STRATTON, 94 7 South Boulevard, Oak 
Park, Illinois, is Manager of the local division of the Con- 
sumers Co. of Chicago, with offices at 103 Marion St., Oak 
Park. He has been connected with the coal business for 
ten years. He was formerly Secretary of Delos Hull & 
Co, Oak Park. He was born at Conotton, Ohio, January 
9, 1877. 

ELROY C. STREETER, Secretary and Treasurer Streeter- 
Kallgren Lumber Co., Grant Park, Illinois, has been in the 
business sixteen years. He was born at Grant Park June 
7, 1862. 

EDWARD SUPPIGER is Secretary and 'ireasurer of the 
Helvetia Fuel & Supply Co. at Highland, Illinois, and has 
been connected with the business for eight years. He was 
born at Highland January 12, 1872. 

LOUIS EDWARD SUTTON, Canton, Illinois, is Manager 
for the coal firm of Sutton & Moore. Formerly he was with 
the firm of J. L. Sutton & Son and has been in the business 
for twenty-one years. He was born at Canton February 
12, 1875. 

WILLIAM SWORDS, Director of the Crescent Coal Co., 
1100 W. Washington St., East Peoria, Illinois, has been 
connected with the business for ten years and is engaged 
in handling stripped coal. He was born in Peoria Febru- 
ary 8, 1881. 

BENJAMIN B. TAYLOR, Catlin, Illinois, is President and 
Manager of the Taylor-English Coal Co. and President of the 
Indiana Semi-Block Coal Co., the Danville Collieries Coal Co., 
and the Chicago Collieries Co. He has been connected with 
the business eleven years. He was born in Catlin January 4, 
1878. 

BENTLEY W. TAYLOR is President of the Farmers 
Grain, Fuel & Supply Co. at Macomb, Illinois, and has been 
connected with the business for two years. He was born 
at Oxford, Pennsylvania. 



PRANK E. TAYLOR is an Electrical Engineer for The 
Assumption Coal & Mining Co., at Assumption, Illinois, and 
has been connected with the business for fifteen years. 
He was born at Mason City, Illinois, November 25, 1873. 

HEBER L. TIBBITS is President and Manager of Tibbits, 
Inc., retail lumber and coal merchants at Sycamore, Illinois! 
and has been in the business fourteen years. Formerly he 
was with the Tibbits-Cameron Lumber Co. at Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin. He was born at Andover, New Brunswick June 
3, 1872. 

WALTER B. TIPPANY, Cerro Gordo, Illinois, is Manager 
of the Cerro Gordo Grain & Coal Co. and has been in the re- 
tail coal business twelve years. He formerly was with the 
Farmers' Elevator Co. at Oneida, Illinois. He was born in 
Livingston County, Illinois, June 2, 1862. 

MARIEN P. TOBERMAN, Manager of the M. F. Tober- 
man Grain Co., Fillmore, Illinois, has done a retail business 
for thirty years. He was born at Fillmore July 15, 1861. 

BEN. I. TOBIAS, Manager of the H. A. Robinson Fuel 
Co., 601 South Water Street, Peoria, Illinois, has been in 
the coal business for nine years. He was born at Peoria 
June 24, 1891. 

PRANK L. TORRANCE, retail coal merchant at Abingdon, 
Illinois, has been in the business twenty-six years. He was 
born in Warren County, Illinois, August 29, 1869. 

P. M. TYLER, retail coal merchant at Elmwood, Illinois, 
has been engaged in the business for thirteen years. He 
was born May 8, 1852. 

EARLE W. VANCE is a member of the coal firm of Greer 
& Vance at Seaton, Illinois, and has been in the business 
for two years. He was formerly with A. L. Duncan & 
Sons. He was born at Seaton May 26, 1886. 

HERBERT J. VOS is the Secretary and Manager of the 
Antioch Lumber & Coal Co. at Antioch, Illinois. He was 
formerly Manager for the Wilbur Lumber Co. in the yard 
at Silver Lake, Wisconsin, and has been in the business nine 
years. He was born in Burlington, Wisconsin, March 1, 1892. 

JOSEPH R. WAGNER, retail coal merchant at Metamora, 
Illinois, has been in the business for sixteen years. He 
was born in 1867 at Spring Bay, Illinois. 

RUFUS WALKER of Rufus Walker & Sons. Moline, 
Illinois, has been in the retail business twenty-nine years' 
He was born December 10, 1839, in Williamstown, Vermont! 
His son, F. B. Walker, has been connected with the business 
during most of the time since it was established. He was 
born in Edgington, Illinois. November 27, 1865. 

DANIEL WARD, Secretary of Harrison, Ward & Co., 
Clinton, Illinois, has been in the coal business for three 
years. He was born at Bloomington, Illinois, September 
28, 1859. J. A. Harrison, President of the company, has 
been in the business for many years. 

ROBERT RUSSELL WARD, Benton, Illinois, is Treasurer 
of the Franklin County Mining Co.; is interested likewise 
in the Benton Coal Co., of which he formerly was the Sec- 
retary; and also assisted in the development of the Middle 
Fork Mining Co., which he sold to the United States Steel 
Corporation. He was born at Benton August 9, 1879. 

W. ALFRED WEEKS is managing partner of The Weeks 
Coal Co. at Sterling, Illinois, and has been in business fifteen 
years. Formerly he was with the Moses Dillon Co. He was 
born in Lee, Illinois, July 10, 1884. 

P. E. WEISSENBORN of Staunton, Illinois, has been in 
the coal industry for forty-eight years and is the Super- 
intendent for the Consolidated Coal Co. of St. Louis. He 
was born at Belleville, Illinois, in 1860. 

JOHN WICKLUND is Manager of the Plow City Fuel Co., 
253 Second St., Moline. Illinois, and has been connected 
with the business for three years. He formerly was with 
the Twin City Coal Co. for ten years as Manager and book- 
keeper. He was born in Sweden March 26, 1877. 

D. D. WILCOX, Gillespie, Illinois, is Assistant Superin- 
tendent of the Superior Coal Co. and has been connected 
with the business for fifteen years. He formerly was with 
the Consolidated Coal Co. at Buxton, Iowa. He is Vice 
President of the Illinois Mining Institute. He was born 
at Oskaloosa, Iowa, July 12, 1886. 

S. E. WILKINSON, Secretary of the Kankakee Ice, Feed & 
Fuel Co. at Kankakee, Illinois, has been in the business 
for eight years. He was born May 22, 1886, at Sheldon, Illi- 
nois. 

W. M. WILLETT, 36 Lincoln Way, Aurora, Illinois, is 
General Manager of the Illinois Commercial & Mining Co., 
whose business is primarily gas and coke ovens, the latter 
being located at Joliet, Illinois. The company purchased 
the Rex mine at Ethel, West Virginia, in order to furnish 
coal for the manufacture of coke. 

BENJAMIN S. WILLIAMS is a retail coal merchant at 
Sheffield, Illinois, who has been in the business for twenty- 
six years, formerly with B. F. Williams & Son and B. S. 
Williams & Co. He was born at Sheffield in April, 1867. 



94 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



FREDERICK WILMS of Quincy. Illinois. Is President of 
the Wabash Coal Co., which was organized by him In 1880 
and of which he has served as President and General Man- 
ager ever since. He has been connected with the coal In- 
dustry for forty-seven years, and formerly was Cashier of 
the Western Coal & Mining Co. at Springfield, Illinois, be- 
coming the Manager In 1875. He was born in Prussia, 
October 25, 1842, and raised in Illinois. 

W. S. WILSON, President of the Ritchey Coal Co. at 
Plnckneyvllle, Illinois, is also Interested in the Bessemer 
Coal & Mining Co. and has been in the business for over 
twenty years. He was formerly Vice President .of the Scott- 
Wilson Coal Co. and the New Ohio Washed Coal Co. and has 
been President of the White Walnut Coal Co., the Carter- 
Tllle Mining Co. and the Bessemer Coal Co. He has served 
on the Executive Committee of the Illinois Coal Operators' 
Association and President of the Coal Operators of the 
Seventh Illinois District. He was born at Brandenburg, 
Kentucky, October 26, 1852. 

JOHN \v. WINE, retail coal merchant at Mount Morris, 
Illinois, has been in the business for sixteen years. He 
was formerly with the Buser Concrete & Construction Co. 
1L> was born in North Hampton, Ohio, December 27, 1873. 

RICHARD H. WDn is Owner and Manager of the Peoples 
Coal Yard at White Hall, Illinois, and has been in the busi- 
ness for six years. He was born December 8, 1843, In 
Greene County, Illinois. 

W. C. WOLF, 24 First National Bank Building, Belleville. 
Illinois, is Secretary and Treasurer of the Radium Coal 
Co. and is an expert in general mining engineering and 
surveying. He has been in the coal mining business for 
ten years. He was born at Freeburg, Illinois, December 17, 
1880. 

BEDER WOOD, JR., is Manager of the Beder Wood's 
Sons Co. at Moline, Illinois, and has been connected with 
the coal business nine years, formerly with Beder Wood, 
lie was born at Moline September 8, 1889. 

WILLIAM HEXRV WOODRUFF is a partner in the 
Woodruff-Castle Co., wholesale and retail coal merchants at 
Quincy, Illinois. He has been in the business for sixteen 
years. He was born at Quincy and is one of the progressive 
coal merchants in that city. 

HAROLD D. WRIGHT, Sales Agent in charge of the Lin- 
coln, Illinois, office of the Jones & Adams Coal Co. until he 
entered the United States service in May, 1918, has been 
connected with the business for nine years, formerly with 
the Latham Coal Co. He was born at Lincoln in 1891. 



R. M. WRIGLEY, Secretary and Treasurer of the Cutter- 
Wrigley Coal Co. at Peoria, Illinois, has been in the busi- 
ness for seven years. He formerly was connected with 
Sprague & Wrigley, Columbus Junction, Iowa. He has 
served as chairman of a special committee to supervise the 
coal industry for Peoria and confer with the Fuel Adminis- 
tration. He was born in Peoria February 17, 1885. 

WILLIAM WYKLE of Mahomet, Illinois, has been en- 
gaged in the retail coal business for twenty-seven years 
at Mahomet. He was born July 28, 1863, at Peoria. Illinois. 

C. H. W^NNE is Manager of the Goodell Ice & Fuel Co. 
at Beardstown, Illinois, and has been in the coal business 
for nine years. He was born at Columbus, Ohio, April 21, 
1874. 

LEONARD II. YEAST has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness at Macomb, Illinois, for nine years. He was born 
November 12, 1879, at Good Hope, Illinois 

J. EDWARD YOC'H, President International Coal & Min- 
ing Co., East St. Louis. Illinois, was born in Belleville, 
Illinois, March 12, 1882, and has been in the coal business 
eighteen years. Mr. Yoch filled most acceptably the posi- 
tion of Treasurer of the Fifth and Ninth Districts, Coal 
Operators' Association of Illinois, from 1910 to 1916. 

C. E. AND C. L. YORK are members of the retail coal 
firm of York Bros, at Jacksonville, Illinois. They have 
been in the business for eighteen years, formerly with J. 
W. York. Both were born in Jacksonville. 

HIRAM M. YOIYC, Taylorville, Illinois, is Assistant to 
the Vice President of the Peabody Coal Co., in charge of 
operation. He has been in the coal industry for thirty- 
two years. He formerly was with the Girard Coal Co. as 
Secretary and Treasurer; Victor Coal Co, Pawnee, Illinois, 
as Superintendent; Bear Grass Coal Co. of Jewett, Texas, 
as Treasurer; Peabody Coal Co. of Ohio, as Vice President. 
He was born at Mount Joy, Pennsylvania, October 31, 1868. 

EDWARD A. ZEISLER. Rushville, Illinois, is Manager 
and Secretary of the C. L. DeWitt Coal Co., in which he 
owns a half interest. He has been in the business for two 
years. He was born at Memphis, Tennessee, January 24, 
1887. 

SAMUEL THEODORE KELLER, member of the coal firm 
of Zeller & Son at Geneva, Illinois, has been in the retail 
business for four years. He was born at Lewisburg, Ohio, 
April 16, 1884. 



95 



INDIANA 



INDIANA, both as a producer and consumer of fuel, 
takes high rank among the eastern North Central 
states in the coal trade history of the country. A 
producer early in the last century, the development of 
its mining resources has encouraged a healthy growth 
of its manufacturing enterprises until today the state is 
dotted with cities that have made places for them- 
selves in the commercial annals of the times. While 
the events of the past two and one-half years have 
widened the market for domestic consumption for In- 
diana coal within its own borders, its use in railroad 
and general industrial activities has been its chief con- 
tribution to the economic expansion of the state. 

The Indiana coal measures, underlying the south- 
western part of the commonwealth and extending from 
Warren county on the north to the Ohio river on the 
south and eastward to Perry county, form the eastern 
edge of the great interior eastern coal basin of Illinois, 
Indiana and western Kentucky. The total area of the 
Indiana beds is estimated at 6,500 square miles and is 
distributed through 26 counties, in 18 of which coal 
is produced upon a commercial scale. According to 
G. H. Ashley, of the United States Geological Survey, 
the Indiana measures have an approximate thickness 
of 1,300 feet. "Of this 1,300 feet there are 600 feet of 
ban-en beds at the top, then a 500-foot interval which 
contains most of the workable coals, followed in de- 
scending order by 200 feet or more of rocks consisting 
mainly of sandstone." 

As a general commercial proposition, the third, 
fourth, fifth and sixth vein coals come into the great- 
est present-day prominence. Fourth vein, which has 
been exploited to a great extent in the Clinton district, 
is in high favor, not only for general domestic and 
steam purposes, but as a gas coal. Brazil block has 
long held a special place in the esteem of coal con- 
sumers, particularly in agricultural communities, 
while the many uses — both steam and domestic — to 
which the other coals forming the major workable de- 
posits in the Indiana coal measures are put are very 
well known to the buying public. Cannel coal is also 
mined in several places in Indiana. 

While coal has been found in at least 20 different 
horizons and as many as 17 beds have been passed 
through in one 800-foot vertical drill, exclusive of 



the Minshall and Brazil Block veins, commercial op- 
erations are confined to five horizons. The stratigraphy 
of the Indiana measures may be graphically illustrated 
by the following condensation of a tabulation appearing 
in Bulletin 381 of the Survey : 



INTERVALS 


AND THIC 


IKNESS, 


IN FEET, OF PRINCIPAL 






COALS. 












West 








Clinton 


Vigo 


Terre 


Sullivan 


Northern 




District. 


County. 


Haute. 


County. 


Knox. 


Coal VII 




5 


5 


3-4 


3 




55 


50 


50 


30-55 


40 


Coal VI 











4.5-7 


5.5 




50 


50 


45 


45 


50 


Coal Va 


.. .. 1.5 


1.5 


1 


2-3 


3 




20 


35 


30 


30-35 


30 


Coal V 


6 


5 


5 


5-6 


7 


Space 


60 


60 


63 


65-S5 


75 




1 


2 
35 


2 
45 


1.5-3 
25-45 


1 




30 


25 


Coal IV 


4 


4 


5 


0-5 


4 




-15 


30-40 


30 


30-45 




Coal Ilia 


2 ] 


.5-2.5 


2 


1 




Space 


40 


25-40 


25 


20-25 




Coal III 


6 


6.5-7 


6 


5-7 




Space 




110* 










Minshall 




4» 










Space 




30* 










Upper Block. . 




3* 










Space 




30* 










Lower Block. 


4* 

>rn Vigo County. 








•• 


•Northeast 








Wash- 












ington- 


Central 










Davies 


Gibson 


Warwick 


Evans- 


Western 




Counties. 


County. 


County. 


ville. 


Kentucky 


Coal VII 




3.5 


2.5-3 


3 


2-7 


Space 




15 


.5-10 


15 


3-40 


Coal VI 




0-4.5 


0-3 





0-9 


Space 




80 


65-90 


60 


SO 


Coal Va 


2 


0-1 


0-1 








Space 


35 


50 


25 


25 


25 


Coal V 


, 4-7 


6 


4-9 


4 


5 


Space 


90 


90 


45-50 


45 




Coal IVa 


1.5 


0-1 


.5-1 











20 


45 


40 




Coal IV 


1 


4 


2.5 


3 




Space 


40 




40* 






Coal Ilia 


1.5 




0* 






Space 


40 




35* 






Coal III 


2 




0-3* 









•Central Warwick County. 

The coal resources of the state first began to attract 
attention about 1804, when the public land surveys 
showed a number of outcrops. Perry County coal was 
part of the first cargo taken by Bobert Fulton in the 
maiden trip of the steamer "Orleans" down the Ohio 
river in 1811. It seems reasonably certain that coal 
was mined for local consumption in the state between 



96 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



1811 and 1837, when the American Cannel Coal Co. 
inaugurated the commercial mining history of the state 
with the ojH'iiing of a mine at Cannelton in Perry 
county. This coal, mined on the bluffs along the Ohio 
ainl Wabash rivers, was loaded directly into boats for 
shipment down the Ohio during the first decade of tho 
company's operations. 

The first official government recognition of the Indi- 
ana industry appears iii the census for 1840, when the 
state was credited with an output of 9,682 tons. Prog- 
ress for the next ",>.") years was steady, but slow, marked 
increases in production not appearing until towards the 
close of the Civil War. Discovery that the block coal 
mined in the Brazil and Terre Haute districts could be 
used in blast furnace work gave the industry its first 
big impetus, while the rapid expansion in railroad con- 
struction which began at about the same time made 
possible a wider distribution of the coal which encour- 
aged the operators to increase their facilities for pro- 
duction. Since that time the advance of Indiana in 
importance has been persistent, the upward swing tem- 
porarily checked at times only by labor troubles or gen- 
eral commercial depression. Detailed production fig- 
ures since 1883, the first year in which the output passed 
the 2,000,000 ton mark, are shown in the following 
table : 



Year. Ton. 

1883 2,560,000 

1884 2,260,000 

1885 2,375,000 

1886 3,000,000 

1887 3,217,711 

1888 3,140,979 

1889 2,845,057 

1890 3,305,737 

1891 2,973,474 

1892 3,345,174 

1893 3,791,851 

1894 3.423,921 

1895 3,995,892 

1896 3,905,779 

1897 4,151,169 

1898 4,920,743 

1899 6,006.523 



Year. Ton. 

1900 6,484,086 

1901 6,918,225 

1902 9,446,424 

1903 10,794,692 

1904 10,842,189 

1905 11,895,252 

1906 12,092,560 

1907 13,985,713 

1908 12,314,890 

1909 14,834,259 

1910 18,389,815 

1911 14,201,355 

1912 15,285,718 

1913 17,165,671 

1914 16,641,132 

19ir, 17,006,152 

191b 20,093,528 



The distribution of the product of the Illinois mines 
is. from the point of view of heavy tonnages, highly con- 
centrated. Approximately 07 per cent, of the total 
1915 output was either consumed within the state, sold 



to the railroads or shipped to points in the neighboring 
state of Illinois. Of the shipments to Illinois over 76 
per cent, are consumed at points within the Chicago 
switching district. Exclusive of the major distribu- 
tion above set forth the Indiana product finds a 
market, under normal conditions, in ten other western 
and southern states. The details of this distribution 
are as follows: 

Used in Indiana (6,394,019) : At the mines, 425,- 
362; locally, 547,761; shipped intrastate, 5,420,906. 
Shipped to Illinois: 4,044,528; Iowa, 149,046; Kansas, 
149; Michigan, 6,086; Minnesota, 72,934; Missouri, 
12,632; Nebraska, 2,833; North Dakota, 3,255; South 
Dakota, 3,897; Tennessee, 33; Wisconsin, 128,190; 
a total of 4,423,583 ; railroad fuel, 6,188,550. 

The per capita consumption of bituminous coal with- 
in the state is 4.24 per ton, against a country average of 
2.04. This per capita is exceeded only by Illinois, Dela- 
ware and Montana. Combining anthracite and bitu- 
minous figures the per capita for Indiana is the same as 
for Pennsylvania, 4.45 tons, and is exceeded only by 
Delaware, Illinois, Montana and the New England 
states. The consumption upon the square mile basis is 
460 tons. Although as shown in the distribution fig- 
ures, 38 per cent, of the output of the state is consumed 
within its own borders, that tonnage represents less than 
40 per cent, of the total coal bituminous requirements 
of Indiana. Approximately 55 per cent, of the coal 
burned in Indiana comes from the eastern states of the 
Appalachian coal measures. West Virginia alone con- 
tributes, under normal conditions, over 25 per cent, of 
the fuel used by Indiana. Study of the detailed figures 
following throws an interesting light on the troubles ex- 
perienced by Indiana under the famous lake Priority 
Order No. 1 of the summer of 1917, showing, as they do, 
that over 50 per cent, of the potential sources of supply 
for the state were affected, adversely to Indiana's inter- 
ests, by the order in question. Detailed figures on the 
consumption and origin of fuel consumed follow: 
Illinois, 825,601; Indiana, 6,394,019 ; Kentucky, 2,886,- 
806; Maryland, 6,947; Ohio, 350,251; Pennsylvania, 
855,259; Tennessee. 22,590; Virginia. 152,291; West 
Virginia, 4,072,001; lake coal, 551,000; total, 16,- 
116,765; Pennsylvania anthracite, 600,000; grand to- 
tal, 16,716,765. 



97 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




WALTER A. BLEDSOE, Terre Haute, Indiana, 

President Walter Bledsoe & Co., Terre Haute, is also Secretary of the 
Fayette Realty & Development Co., and has been in the coal business 
twenty-five years. He was formerly with the New Pittsburgh Coal & 
Coke Co. and the Indiana Southern Coal Co., filling the position of 
General Sales Agent. Mr. Bledsoe is one of the best known of Indiana 
operators and has a wide and favorable acquaintance in the coal trade. 



98 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




ALFRED M. OGLE, Terre Haute, Indiana, 

President Vandalia Coal Co., Terre Haute, Indiana, was 
born at Stamford, Connecticut, September 28, 1882, and has 
been in the coal business for fourteen years. He also or- 
ganized the Indiana Coke & Gas Co., Vigo Mining Co., and 
the Atlas Mining Co. Mr. Ogle is one of the most promi- 
nent of the Indiana coal operators. He is now connected 
with the United States Fuel Administration. 





Hl.ltN \ltl> II. HATTY. IniliiinnpollH, I milium, 
Vice President and Sales Manager of the Vandalia Coal 
Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, has been connected with the 
coal business for twenty-three years, formerly as a Jobber 
and with the Island Coal Co., which was merged with the 
Vandalia Coal Co. In 1905. Be was born in IndianapoltB 
h 1, 1879, and has many warm friends In the trade. 



HAIIIIY \V. RKDMAN, Chicago, Illlnol*. 

Northwestern Sales Agent for the Vandalia Coal Co., 1500 
Old Colony Building, Chicago, Illinois, was formerly with 
the Victoria Coal Mining Co., the Shirley Hill Coal Co. and 
the Monon Coal Co., and has been in the coal business fifteen 
years. He was born near Casey, Illinois. November 23, 1876. 



99 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





GEORGE H. RICHARDS, Terre Haute, Indiana, 

President of Richards & Sons, Terre Haute, Indiana, was 
born at Bristol, England, May 11, 1873, and has been in 
the coal business for twenty-six years. He is also General 
Manager of the Lower Vein Coal Co. and a Director of the 
Willow Creek Coal Co. 



CLEMENT J. RICHARDS, Terre Haute, Indiana, 

Vice President of Richards & Sons, Terre Haute, was born 
in Shelburn, Indiana, December 5, 1881, and has been in the 
coal business eighteen years. He is also President of the 
Willow Creek Coal Co. and Treasurer of the Warren Coal 
Co. 





FRANK W. RICHARDS, Terre Haute, Indiana, 

Secretary and Treasurer of Richards & Sons, Terre Haute, 
Indiana, was born in Woodhouse, England, November 3, 
1874, and has been in the coal business for twenty-one 
years. He is also Vice President of the Lower Vein Coal 
Co., Secretary of the Willow Creek Coal Co. and Secretary 
of the Warren Coal Co. 



BERNARD J. RICHARDS, Terre Haute, Indiana, 

Director of Richards & Sons, Terre Haute, Indiana, was 
born at Woodhouse, England, July 24, 1876, and has been 
in the coal business for nineteen years. He is also General 
Manager of the Willow Creek Coal Co. 



100 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





EDWARD SHIRKIE, I .11. Haute. Indiana. 
Was born in Scotland January 11, 1859, and has been 
engaged in the coal business forty-three years. Mr. Shirkie 
is President of the Bickett-Shirkie Coal Co. He started 
with his father to operate a coal mine and in 1884 opened 
rhe first shipping mine in the Clinton field and has been 
in that field ever since that time. Mr. Shirkie is a member 
of the Indiana Coal Operators' Association and the Inter- 
national Railway Fuel Association. 



JOHN S. SHIRKIK, Terre Haute, Indiana, 

President of the West Clinton Coal Co., Terre Haute, 
Indiana, was born in Carbon, Indiana, May 4, 1878, and has 
been in the coal business twenty-thtee years. He was 
formerly connected with the Retlaw Mining Co. and W. S. 
Bogle & Co., Inc., and has served as member of the Indiana 
Coal Operators' Association. 



Ill (ill SHIRKIK, Terre Haute, Indiana. 

President of the Shirkie Coal Co., 
Terre Haute, was born in Elyrshire, 
Scotland, January 13, 1862, and has 
been in the coal business forty-three 
years. He is President of the Glendale 
Coal Co. and the Glenco Coal Co. Mr. 
Shirkie was formerly connected with 
the firms of Shirkie & Sons, Bruletts 
Creek Coal Co., Dering Coal Co., Kelly 
mines and Oak Hill Coal & Mining Co. 
He served as President of the Indiana 
Coal Operators' Association for two 
years and as Vice President for a 
period of eleven years. 




ITBWABD SHlKKli:, Terre Haute, Indiana. 
General MapagT and Treasurer of the West Clinton Coal 
Co., Terre Haute, Indiana, was born in Carbon, Indiana, 
April 3. 1873. and has been in the coal business twenty- 
seven years. He was formerly connected with the Oak 
Hill Mining Co., Dering Coal Co., Indiana Bituminous Coal 
Co. and others and with his brother started the West 
Clinton Coal Co. in 1912. He Is a member of the Indiana 
Bituminous Coal Operators' Association. 



101 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





WILLIAM M. KELLER, Brazil, Inilinua, 

President of Zeller, McClellan & Co.. Inc., and also of the 
American Coal Mining Co., Brazil, Indiana, is also inter- 
ested In the Brazil Collieries Co. and has been in the 
business for thirty-nine years. Formerly he was connected 
with the following: Superior Block Coal Co., Clay County 
Block Coal Co., Zeller & Zigler Coal & Mining Co., Zeller & 
McClellan Coal & Mining Co. He was born in 1861 at Har- 
mony, Indiana. 



WILLIAM J. SNYDER, Brazil, Indiana, 

Secretary and Treasurer of the American Coal Mining Co. 
and of Zeller, McClellan & Co. at Brazil, Indiana, has 
been nineteen years in the coal business and is a member 
of the Indiana Coal Operators' Association. He was born 
at Catasauqua, Pennsylvania, August 16, 1863. Mr. Snyder 
has a wide acquaintance in the coal trade. 








HOMER BEESON TALLEY, Terre Haute, Indiana, 

President of the Coal Bluff Mining Co., Terre Haute, 
Indiana, was born in Terre Haute, Indiana, September 4, 
1877, and has been in the coal business sixteen years. He 
is also President of the Coal Creek Coal Co., and Treasurer 
of the Fort Harrison Mining Co. He has served on the 
Executive Committee of the Indiana Bituminous Coal 
Operators' Association and Indiana Coal Trade Bureau's 
Executive Committee. 



ARCHIBALD D. SPEARS, Clinton, Indiana, 

Secretary-Treasurer of The Ferguson-Spears Coal Co. at 
Clinton, Indiana, has been in the business for twenty-one 
years. He was born in Butler County, Pennsylvania, June 
20, 1880. Formerly he was mining engineer for the Clinton 
Coal Co. and others. He is a member of the Indiana Coal 
Operators Association. 



102 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





AM) lUOW J. COCHRAN', IndinnnpoliH, Indiana, 

.Manager of the Cochran Coal Co., Indianapolis, Indiana, 
has been in the business for fourteen years, formerly with 
the New Linton Coal Co. He was Modoc for Indiana, Order 
of KoKoal. He was born at Macon City, Missouri, May 6, 
1867. Mr. Cochran has a host of friends in the trade. 



FRANK L. I I \> ri.u \< iii:k, Indianapolis Indiana. 

Well-known wholesale coal salesman of Indianapolis, was 
formerly Assistant Manager of Sales with the Oliphant- 
Johnson Coal Co. For five years Mr. Fenstemacher was 
General Manager of the Findlay Ice & Fuel Co., Findlay, 
Ohio, and for fifteen years Sales Agent for the Sunday Creek 
Coal Co. in Ohio and at Indianapolis. He was born at 
Carroll, Ohio, December 3, 1864, and has many warm friends 
in the coal trade. 





KM MA I in I ii GATBS, InJIanunollN, Indlann. 

Proprietor of the EL K. Gates Coal Co., Indianapolis, In- 
diana, has been in the retail business for twenty years. 
She was formerly with the C. Ehrllch Coal Co. and the Star 
Elevator Co. Mrs. Gates was born at Mattoon, Illinois, 
March 26, 1869. She has many friends In the trade and has 
built up a very successful business. 



JOHN A. GBORGB, IndliiniinoliH, Indiana, 
President and Treasurer Indianapolis Coal Co., 234-240 
Newton Claypool Building, Indianapolis, was born in Colum- 
bus, Indiana. October 9. 1869. and has been In the retail 
coal business twenty-seven years. The first nine years of 
his business experience was in Columbus. He is a Director 
of the Vandalla Coal Co., a well-known Indiana mining 
corporation. He was one of the organizers and the first 
President of the Indianapolis Ketail Coal Merchants' Credit 
Association, was the first President of the Indiana Retail 
Coal Merchants' Association, and has been one of the 
Indiana Directors of the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Coal 
Association. 



103 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





FRED GOEPPER, Indianapolis, Indiunn, 

A well-known Indianapolis retail coal merchant with a yard 
located at West Michigan Street and the C, I. & W. Ry., 
was born in Germany June 2, 1869, and has been in the 
retail coal business in Indianapolis twenty-four years. His 
son, Fred A. Goepper, Jr., aged 23 years, is associated with 
him. 



ARCH GROSSMAN, Indianapolis, Indiana, 

President of the Cedar Creek Coal Co., 414 Merchants' Bank 
Building, Indianapolis, has been in the coal business for 
thirteen years, formerly with the New York Coal Co. He 
is a Director of the National Coal Jobbers' Association and 
of the Indiana Coal Jobbers' Association. He has served as 
KoKoal Skout in Indiana. He was born at Columbus, Ohio, 
May 31, 1887, and is one of the most popular coal salesmen 
in Indiana. 





ELLSWORTH E. HELLER, Indianapolis, Indiana, 

Manager for E. B. Heller & Co., Indianapolis, Indiana, has 
been in the retail coal business for fifteen years. He served 
for three years as President of the Indianapolis Retail Coal 
Merchants' Credit Association and is a member of the Board 
of Governors. He is Chairman of the Seventh district of 
the Indiana Coal Merchants Association. He was born June 
18, 1863, in Fayette County, Indiana, and is a leading coal 
merchant of Indianapolis. 



DONALD READ LINDLEV, Indianapolis, Indiana, 

Vice President of the Bicknell Coal & Mining Co. and Treas- 
urer of the Pike County Coal Co., Merchants Bank Building, 
Indianapolis, Indiana, was formerly connected with Lind- 
ley, Schmid & Co. Mr. Lindley was born February 16, 1886, 
at Evansville, Indiana, and is well known in the trade. 



104 



COAL MEX OF AMERICA 





OTI8 ii. MAI 'It Kit. .-....-.,... 1 1 - . Indiana, 

Manager of The Ehrlich Coal Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, 
has been connected with tne coal business for sixteen years. 
He was born August 31, 1876, at Brazil, Indiana, and has 
many friends in the trade. 



A. II. IMKYKIt, IndlanapollH, Indiana, 

President of A. B. Meyer & Co., Indianapolis, Indiana, has 
been identified with the coal business for forty years. He Is 
a Director of the United Fourth Vein Coal Co. and formerly 
was President of the Western Coal Dealers' Association. He 
has also been a Director and Vice President in the Michigan- 
Ohio-Indiana Coal Dealers' Association. He was born at In- 
dianapolis in 1853. Mr. Meyer is very highly regarded in the 
trade. 



F. A. KKORFF, Ft. Wayne, Indiana, 

Vice President of Xiezer & Co., Ft. 
Wayne, and Manager of the coal de- 
partment, has been connected with the 
retail business six years. The com- 
pany operates a branch coal yard at 
Monroeville, Indiana. He was born in 
Sheboygan, Wisconsin, October 27, 
1875. 




FRANCIS II. RAGAN, IndlanapollH. Indiana, 

General Sales Agent and Manager Ragan-McAbee Coal Co., 
Indianapolis, has been fourteen years In the business, for- 
merly as Indiana Sales Agent of the ('. W. Johnson Coal Co. 
of Chicago and as General Sales Agent of the Consolidated 
Indiana Coal Co. and the Red Jacket Coal Co. He was born 
at Greencastle, Indiana, December 25, 1866. D. H. McAbee 
is Secretary and Treasurer of the company. He was for- 
merly State Factory Inspector for ten years. 



105 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





S. T. Ill .1 .11. Ft. Wayne, Indianu, 

Of Reed Bros. Coal & Feed Co. at Ft. Wayne, Indiana, is an 
equal partner In the business with which he has been con- 
nected for eight years. He has served as Secretary of the 
Ft. Wayne Coal Club. He was born May 28, 1883, at Ft. 
Wayne. 



JAKED J. REED, Ft. Wayne, Inilliinn, 

A partner in Reed Bros. Coal & Feed Co. at Fort Wayne, 
Indiana, has been in the retail business nine years. He has 
served as Secretary of the Ft. Wayne Coal Club. He was 
born January 10, 1885, at Ft. Wayne. 





HENRY W. BERNIXG, Ft. Wayne. Indiana, 

President and Manager of the Walton Avenue Coal Co. at 
Ft. Wayne, Indiana, has been in the retail coal business for 
four years, succeeding Fred Goette, Sr., who formerly op- 
erated the business. Mr. Berning was born at Ft. Wayne, 
August 8, 1890. 



FRED H. GOETTE, JR., Ft. Wayne, Indiana, 

Secretary and Treasurer of the Walton Avenue Coal Co. at 
Ft. Wayne, Indiana, has been in the business four years 
He was born at Ft. Wayne August 8, 1898. He is a son 
of the previous owner, Fred Goette, Sr. 



106 






COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



INDIANA — Indianapolis 



KOHKRT AJLDtAGj Secretary and Treasurer of the F. W. 
Aldag Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, has been connected with 
Um retail coal business nine years. He was born in Indi- 
anapolis August 12, 1885. 

KHKK A. IIEHRENT of the firm of Stuckmeyer & Co., 
coal merchants at Indianapolis, Indiana, has been In tin- 
business for seventeen years. He was born at Indianapolis 
October 22, 1873. 

ARTHUR E. I1KADSHAW, 407 Odd Fellows' Building, In- 
dianapolis, Indiana, is President of the Indianapolis Mortar 
& Fuel Co., which he established sixteen years ago. He 
is a native of Indiana. He has served as Treasurer of the 
Michigan-Ohio-Indtana Coal Dealers' Association and Presi- 
dent of the Indianapolis Coal Merchants' Credit Association. 

in mm K. BRIBER, Indianapolis, Indiana, is owner of 
the Bruner Coal Co. and has been in the business for seven- 
teen years. He was formerly with the Great Western Coal 
& Coke Co. at Chicago, the Central States Fuel Co. and 
Sunflower Coal Co., Dugger, Indiana. He was born at Hope, 
Indiana, February 6, 1870. 

WALTER BURROWS, 4260 Cornelius Ave., Indianapolis, 
Indiana, is President of the Gem Coal Co. and has been in 
business four years. He was born in Sheffield, England, 
June 26, 1856. His sons, Walter Burrows, Jr., and William 
S. Burrows, are Treasurer and Secretary respectively of the 
company. 

HORACE G. CASADAY is sole owner of the Casaday Coal 
Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been connected with 
the business for thirteen years. He acquired the interest 
of Frank E. Casady four years ago. He was born in June, 
1872, at Rushvllle, Indiana. 

CLIFFORD CHRISTENA. Indianapolis, Indiana, is owner 
of the Home Coal Co. and has been in the retail business 
for nine years. He was formerly with the Garstang Fuel 
Co. and the F. E. Janes Coal Co. He was born July 11, 
1889, at Indianapolis. 

HARVEY COONSE, Indianapolis. Indiana, is Secretary 
and Treasurer of the Coonse & Caylor Ice Co. and has been 
In the retail coal business sixteen years, formerly with the 
Aldag-Coonse Co. He was born in Indiana March 24, 1870. 

ANTHONY S. COST owns the Union Coal & Coke Co. at 
Indianapolis, Indiana, with offices in Merchants' Bank Build- 
ing, and has been in the business for sixteen years. He 
was born December 18, 1844, in Green County, Ohio. 

FHEDEHICK B, IMIMIII is President of the Dauner Coal 
Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been engaged in the 
coal business for sixteen years. He is also President and 
Treasurer of the Victor Colliery Co., Wellston, Ohio, and 
Secretary and Director of the Sunlight Coal Co., Indianap- 
olis. He was formerly with the Harmon & Black Coal Co. 
at Chicago. He was born February 3. 1873, at Grayville, 
Illinois. 

CHARLES H. DAVIS, Indianapolis, Indiana, is the Man- 
ager and Owner of the Davis Coal & Block Co. and has 
been engaged in the business for eight years. He was born 
July 30, 1883, at Mount Carmel, Indiana. 

FRANK M. DELL, is a retail coal merchant at 1001 South- 
eastern Ave., Indianapolis, Indiana. He was born at 
Lafayette. Indiana. Mr. Dell is the dean of Indianapolis 
coal merchants and is highly respected in both the trade 
and the community. 

<.i:oiU,l. B. BLKINS is Sales Agent for the Bickett Coal 
& Coke Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been con- 
nected with the coal business for seventeen years, for- 
merly with the Manufacturers' Coal Co. He is also inter- 
ested In the Northwestern Coal Co. He was born In In- 
diana in 1875. 

<ll Mill- If. ELLIOTT, Indianapolis, Indiana, Is Secre- 
tary of the Indian Creek Coal & Mining Co. and of the 
S. W. Little Coal Co. He Is Secretary-Treasurer of the 
Knox County Fourth Vein Coal Co. He Is likewise Inter- 
ested In the Indiana Fuel Supply Co. and the Peoples Coal 
A i Vment Co. He has been in the coal business for thirteen 
years and was born at Terre Haute, Indiana, October 4, 
1872. 

ANSEL FATOUT is Secretary and Manager of the Free- 
man-Fatout Coal Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been 
In the business for twenty-one years, formerly with the 
Fauvre Coal Co. He was born February 23, 1872, at Indian- 
apolis. 

FRANK F. FITCH, Indianapolis, Indiana, Is Manager of 
the coal department of the City Ice & Coal Co., with which 
he has been connected for twenty years. He was born In 
Lexington. Kentucky, March 30, 1865. 

JOHN W. KRKDKRH K. Indianapolis, Indiana, Is a retail 
coal merchant who has been doing business for fifteen 
years. He was born at Vandenburg, Germany, June 14, 
1846. 



A. C. GOLL, General Manager of the Commercial Fuel 
Co., Indianapolis, Indiana, has been in the business for 
eight years. 

MORTON L. GOULD, Indianapolis, Indiana, is President 
and Manager of the Linton Coal Co. and has been connected 
with the coal business for twenty-three years. He was for- 
merly with the following: L. T. Dickason Coal Co., Shirley- 
Hill Coal Co., Gould Coal Washing & Mining Co. He has 
served as Vice President of the Indiana Bituminous Coal 
Operators' Association. He was born at Terre Haute 
April 8, 1864. 

IRA J. KROVER is President and General Manager of the 
Grover Coal Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been en- 
gaged in the business for fifteen years. He was born at 
St. Louis, Missouri, August 14, 1872. 

SAM A. HARRAH, Indianapolis, Indiana, is the owner of 
the Harrah Coal Co. and has been a retailer for four years. 
He was born in Indiana February 28, 1891. 

JOSEPH L. HOGl'K, Indianapolis, Indiana, is the owner 
of the J. L. Hogue Fuel & Supply Co. and has been In the 
retail business for six years. He formerly was with the 
Riverside Coal Co. He was born in Shelby County, Indiana, 
January 18, 1870. 

CHARLES H. HORNE is Manager of the Casady Coal Co. 
at Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been in the business for 
five years. He was born in Cloverdale, Indiana, June 21', 
1874. 

AMOS B. KEEPORT is President of the A. B. Keeport Co. 
at Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been in the retail coal 
business for seventeen years. Harry A. Rogers is Secre- 
tary-Treasurer of the company. 

HOWARD N. KINGSBURY, 5932 Lowell Ave., Indianapolis, 
Indiana, is President of the Kingsbury-Shepherd Coal Co. 
He has been seventeen years in the business, formerly with 
the Marion Coal Co. as Manager. He was born at Indian- 
apolis September 19, 1878. " 

F. SMITH KIRTLEY, Indianapolis, Indiana, is General 
Manager of the Hoosier City Coal Co. and has been in busi- 
ness eight years. He was born September 19, 186S, at Mt. 
Auburn, Indiana. 

FRANK E. MALOTT, Indianapolis, Indiana, Secretary and 
Treasurer of The Malott Coal & Lime Co., has been in the 
business for about nineteen years. He was born at Bedford, 
Indiana, April 5, 1867. He has served a term as Secretary 
of the Indianapolis Coal Merchants' Association. 

WILLIAM I\ MALOTT is President of The Malott Coal & 
Lime Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been identified 
with the business for nineteen years. He was born at Bed- 
ford, Indiana, February 16, 1840. 

JOHN ROBERT MORRIS is General Manager of the J. R. 
Morris Coal Co., Indianapolis, Indiana. Formerly he was In 
the retail business as the Morris Coal Co., and was salesman 
for the Powhatan Coal Co. and the Ohio & Michigan Coal Co., 
as well as Manager of the Indianapolis office of the Brothers 
Valley Coal Co. His present company was organized No- 
vember 8, 1915. He was born at Ft. Wayne, Indiana, Novem- 
ber 6, 1883. 

SAUL MINTKR, 340 West Michigan St.. Indianapolis, In- 
diana, is the owner of the Central Coal Co. and has been in 
the retail business seven years. He was born at Attica, In- 
diana, in 1870. Mr. Munter is President of the Indiana Re- 
tail Coal Merchants' Association. 

BANUS E. VEAL is Treasurer and Sales Manager of the 
Indian Creek Coal ft Mining Co., the S. W. Little Coal Co. 
and the Rivervlew Coal Co., Indianapolis, Indiana. He 
has been in the coal business for fifteen years and formerly 
was with the Summit Coal & Mining Co. He was born at 
Karmersburg, Indiana, August 1, 1878, 

AKTIII II B. nelson is District Sales Agent for the Con- 
solidated Indiana Coal Co., Indianapolis, Indiana. He was 
formerly with the Chicago Coal Co. and has been in the 
business for thirteen years. He was born In Chicago, Illi- 
nois, March 6, 1886. 

WALTER F. O'HONNELL, Indianapolis, Indiana, Is Secre- 
tary of the Manley-O'Donnell Fuel Co. and has been In the 
coal business for fourteen years. He was born at Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, in 1874. 

ISAAC B. I'AIIKIOII, Indianapolis, Indiana. Is Manager of 
Bales for Indiana for the Worth-Huskey Coal Co. of Chicago. 
He has been connected with the coal business for fifteen 
years, formerly with the Carnegie Coal Co. of Pittsburgh. 
Pennsylvania, and the R. J. Kroger Co. of Cincinnati, Ohio. 
He was born December 7, 1869, in Arlm. Indiana. 

JULIUS W. I'INNELL Is General Manager of J. W. Plnnell 
& Co. with general offices at Indianapolis. Indiana, and op- 
erating a dozen lumber and coal yards throughout the state 
of Indiana. He has been In the business for thirty-six years 
and was born at Lebanon, Indiana, October 30, 1858. 



107 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



CHARLES ROSCOE QUICK, Indianapolis, Indiana, is Man- 
ager of the coal department of the Brannum-Keene Lumber 
Co. and has been in the business five years. He was born 
at Frankton, Indiana, September 2, 1882. 

GHOVER C. BADER of the Grover C. Rader Co.. whole- 
sale coal, Indianapolis, Indiana, has been twelve years in the 
coal business. He was born September 18, 1884, in Clay 
City, Indiana. 

RAY I.. REED is Vice President of Walter Bledsoe & Co., 
Indianapolis, Indiana. He has been in the coal business for 
eleven years, formerly with the Dering Coal Co. and the 
Brazil Block Coal Co. He was born November 17, 1888, in 
Newton, Illinois. 

ALEXANDER RIMPLER, 1227 State Life Building, Indian- 
apolis, Indiana, is Manager of the Indianapolis branch of the 
Logan Pocahontas Fuel Co. He was formerly with the 
Madison Coal Co.. St. Louis, Missouri, and the Luhrig Coal 
Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. He has been in the coal business for 
twenty-one years. He was born at Chicago, Illinois, Sep- 
tember 13, 1874. 

HERMAN H. SCHULS5, formerly Secretary and Treasurer 
of the Balke & Strauss Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana, has 
been in the coal business for twenty-six years. He has 
served as President of the Retail Coal Merchants' Credit 
Association at Indianapolis. He was born at Aurora, Indi- 
ana, in June, 1867. 

JAMES H. SHEPHERD is Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Kingsbury-Shepherd Coal Co. at Indianapolis, Indiana. He 
was formerly with the Marion Coal Co. and has been eight 
years in the business. He was born at Ripley, Ohio, Septem- 
ber 24, 1884. 

S. C. SILCOX, Indianapolis, Indiana, has been in the retail 
coal business for twenty years. He was born in Indiana 
September 13, 1853. 

ENOS R. SNYDER, Indianapolis, Indiana, has been in the 
retail coal business for twenty years. He claims to have 
made yellow paint famous by having his wagons of that 
color, and owns the original yellow coal wagon. He was 
born February 29, 1880, at Indianapolis. 

FRED D. STILZ, Secretary-Treasurer Irvington Coal & 
Lime Co., 5603 Julian Avenue, Indianapolis, Indiana, has 
been engaged in the business since April 1, 1916. He was 
born in Indianapolis April 23, 1870. Mr. Stilz was formerly 
engaged in the real estate business. 

ARTHUR E. STRICKLAND; Indianapolis, Indiana, is In- 
diana Sales Agent for the Jones & Adams Coal Co. He has 
been in the business for eleven years, formerly with the 
Borderland Coal Sales Co. and the American Coal & Coke 
Co. He was born October 22, 1883, at Greenfield, Indiana. 

CHARLES H. STUCKMEYER, head of the firm of Stuck- 
meyer & Co., retail coal merchants at Indianapolis, Indiana, 
has been connected with the trade for seventeen years. He 
has been a resident of Indianapolis sixty-six years and was 
born August 10, 1850, at Cincinnati, Ohio. 

E. J. SUFFEL is Traffic Manager and Salesman for the J. 
R. Morris Coal Co., Indianapolis, Indiana. He has been three 
years in the business and formerly was with the Ragan-Mc- 
Abee Coal Co. He was born at Utica. Nebraska, in 1889. 

HARVEY D. TRIMRLE is Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Dauner Coal Co., Indianapolis, Indiana, and has been fifteen 
years in the coal business. He also fills the position of Sec- 
retary of the Victor Colliery Co., Wellston, Ohio. He was 
born August 10, 1883, at Princeton, Illinois. 

CHARLES D. TROWBRIDGE, Indianapolis, Indiana, is 
Southwestern Sales Agent for the White Oak Coal Co. He 
has been in the coal business for over twenty years, for- 
merly with the following concerns: C. D. Trowbridge Coal 
Co., as President and General Manager; American Coal & 
Mining Co., as President and General Manager; Stone-Brown 
Co., as Sales Manager; Bugbee Coal Co., as President, and 
Bonham Coal Co. as Vice President. He was born January 
1, 1863, at Utica, Ohio. 

R. ROY YEAGLEY, Secretary Indiana Retail Coal Mer- 
ohantr.' Association, with headquarters at 606 Fidelity Trust 
Building, Indianapolis. Indiana, was born in Dennison, Ohio, 
March 19, 1880, and has had six years' coal experience, first 
with the firm of Grant <fc Yeagley at Logansport, Indiana, 
and later supplemented by his coal association work. The 
association of which Mr. Yeagley is Secretary is a very 
aggressive organization of retailers. 

GEORGE D. TEAZEL, Secretary of the United Fourth Vein 
Coal Co., Indianapolis, Indiana, has been connected with the 
coal business for fourteen years. He was born at Dayton, 
Ohio, in 1875. 



INDIANA — Fort Wayne 



JOHN JOSEPH Al'TH is President and Manager of Tha 
Auth Coal Co. at Ft. Wayne, Indiana, and has been in the 
retail business five years. He was born at Ft. Wayne Feb- 
ruary 2. 1870. 

CONRAD RAUSS is Managing Partner in the Maumee 
Valley Coal Co., Ft. Wayne, Indiana. He has been in the 
retail coal business for fourteen years. He was born De- 
cember 30, 1863, in Germany. 

O. R. HROKAW, Secretary of the Phil. Gloeckner Coal Co., 
Ft. Wayne, Indiana, was born in 1881 at Ft. Wayne. 

LYNN ELLIOTT HUNTING, Ft. Wayne, Indiana, salesman 
for the General Hocking P'uel Co , was born at New Castle, 
Indiana, July 28, 1886, and has been in the coal business for 
ten years. He was formerly with the C. M. Anderson Coal 
Co. 

PHILIP GLOECKNER, 405 Shoaff Building, Ft. Wayne, 
Indiana, is President and Manager of the Phil. Gloeckner 
Coal Co. He was formerly with Kelly's Creek Colliery Co. 
and the Chesapeake & Ohio Coal & Coke Co. He has been 
thirteen years in the business and was born in Chicago, 
Illinois, January 23, 1884. Mr. Gloeckner is one of the best 
known coal salesmen in Indiana. 

GEORGE H. KRUDOP, retail coal merchant at Ft. Wayne, 
Indiana, has been in the business for over thirty years, 
formerly with C. F. Krudop, whom he bought out in 1890. 
He was born at Ft. Wayne May 12, 1869, and has held many 
offices in retail coal associations. 

AUGUST J. LASSUS, President and Manager of the Wm. 
Kaough Coal Co. at Ft. Wayne, Indiana, has been in the re- 
tail business for nine years. He was born at Louisville, 
Ohio, November 6, 1882. 

SHIRLEY NELSON LONGSWORTH, Secretary and Treas- 
urer of The Auth Coal Co. at Ft. Wayne, Indiana, has been 
in the retail coal business for seven years. He was for- 
merly with the Home Supply Co. of Ft. Wayne. He served 
as a Director in the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Retail Coal 
Dealers Association from 1915 to 1918. He was born at Van 
Wert, Ohio. December 20, 1877. 

C. P. MILLIKIN, Treasurer of the Phil. Gloeckner Coal 
Co. at Ft. Wayne, Indiana, was born at Warren, Ohio, in 

1885. 

CHARLES E. MOELLERING. President and General Man- 
ager of the Pioneer Coal Co., Ft. Wayne, Indiana, was born 
in Ft. Worth September 12, 1870, and started in business 
with his father January 26, 1886. On May 10, 1904, they 
took over the coal yards and equipment of the Pioneer Coal 
Co. and have built up this business until it is now the 
largest and best coal plant in their part of the state. Mr. 
Moellering is the originator of the plan of the present suc- 
cessful state organization by districts, having introduced 
same in the builders' supply line. He has been interested in 
public and patriotic affairs and untiring in association 
work. He is the President of the Ft. Wayne Coal Club. He 
is also President and Treasurer of the Moellering Construc- 
tion Co., President of William Moellering Sons, and Treas- 
urer of the Moellering Brick Co. 

EUGENE H. OLDS is President and Manager of the Olds 
Coal Co. at Ft. Wayne, Indiana. He was born at Ft. 
Wayne January 14, 1873. He is a member of the Ft. Wayne 
Coal Club. 

W. J. RODENBECK, Secretary The Home Supply Co., Ft. 
Wayne, Indiana, was born in Dayton. Ohio. May 12, 1874, 
and started in the coal business this year. 

C. A. SEIBEL is proprietor and Manager of the Dunn 
Coal Co. at Ft. Wayne, Indiana, and has been in the retail 
business for four years. He was born at Ft. Wayne June 
13, 1883. 

CLIFF H. TAYLOR, Manager of the Evans Coal Co. at 
Ft. Wayne, Indiana, has been sixteen years in the business. 
He was formerly with the Sunday Creek Coal Co., Litz- 
Smith Fuel Co. and the Borderland Coal Sales Co. He was 
born in Muncie, Indiana, in 1878. Mr. Taylor has a wide 
acquaintance among the Indiana coal trade. 

WILLIAM M. WELLS, retail coal merchant at Ft. Wayne, 
Indiana, has been in the business for thirty-four years, for- 
merly at Fredericktown, Ohio, from 1885 to 1900. He was 
born February 22, 1859, in Fredericktown. 



108 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



INDIANA — Terre Haute 



JOHN K. ALVKV, Secretary-Treasurer of the Smlth-Alvey 
Coal Co., Terre Haute. Indiana, has been In the retail busi- 
ness for six years. He was formerly with the Alvey Bros. 
Coal Co. He was born April 9, 1887. at Terre Haute. 

lit \ \\ . »TK\, Secretary and Treasurer of The Rowland 
Block Coal & Clay Co., The Ohio & Indiana Collieries Co., 
Power Collieries Co. of Indiana, and Rowland-Power Col- 
lieries I'd., and Secretary Rowland-Power Consolidated Col- 
lieries Co., Terre Haute, Indiana, lias been connected with 
the coal industry for about fifteen years, formerly with the 
Roberts Coal Co.. Crescent Coal Co., and Glen Roy Coal 
Co., Jackson, Ohio. He was born February 14, 1878, in Jack- 
son. 

JOHN LAKH IHA1VFORD Is President of the Crawford 
Coal Co.. Terre Haute. Indiana, and has been in the retail 
business twenty-one years. He was born in Terre Haute 
in 1872. 

i III liilll) K. FOIISYTH, General Superintendent Rock 
Creek Coal Co. and President Terre Haute Coal & Supply 
Co., Terre Haute. Indiana, has been in the coal industry sev- 
enteen years. He was formerly with the Ehrmann Coal Co. 
and the Clay County Block Coal Co. He has served as Presi- 
dent of the Retail Coalmen's Club of Terre Haute. He was 
born August 3. 1882. in Vigo County. Indiana. Harry G. 
Sparks is Secretary-Treasurer and William H. Forsythe 
General Manager of the Terre Haute Coal & Supply Co. 

GEORGE: H. GFROEREH, late of Terre Haute, Indiana, 
was Sales Agent for the United Fourth Vein Coal Co. for 
about thirteen years. Formerly he was with the Chicago 
& Kastern Illinois Railway and with the Chicago, Terre 
Haute & Southeastern Railway. He served as KoKoal 
Sachem for Terre Haute. He was born May 9, 1871, at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and died April 10, 1918. He had many- 
friends in the trade. 

OTTO HKYDKV, Terre Haute. Indiana, is Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Parke County Coal Co., Rosedale, Indiana, 
and has been connected with the coal industry for thirty- 
four years. He was born July 7, 1839, in Germany. 

C. H. JONES of Terre Haute, Indiana, is President of the 
Calora Coal Co. and of the LeMoir Coal Co. He has been In 
the coal business for thirty-six years, formerly with the 
Pittsburgh Coal Co. and the Winifrede Coal Co. He was 
born October 26, 1859, at Cincinnati, Ohio, and is well known 
in the coal trade. 

CHARLES F. THORP, Treasurer of the Sugar Valley Coal 
Co., West Terre Haute, Indiana, was born at Terre Haute, 
Indiana, November 22, 1868, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twenty-two years. He was formerly connected 
with the Island Valley Coal Co. and Victoria Coal Co. 

WILLIAM L. WILLIAMSON, Secretary and Treasurer of 
the Xeutral Coal Producers Co., Terre Haute, Indiana, was 
born in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1873. and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-one years. 

ISAAC HERBERT WOOLEV, General Manager of the 
Interstate Mining Co., Terre Haute, Indiana, was born in 
England January 24, 1867, and has been in the coal business 
for thirty-three years. He was formerly connected with 
the Currysville Coal Co., Dering Coal Co., Southern Indiana 
Coal Co. and Kettle Creek Mining Co. 

W. PAUL ZIMMERMAN, Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Hall-Zimmerman Coal Co., Terre Haute, Indiana, was born 
in Brazil, Indiana, September 14, 1875, and has been in 
the coal business for twenty-one years. He is also Presi- 
dent of the Zimmerman Coal Co. Mr. Zimmerman was for- 
merly connected with the Otto Creek Coal Co. and is a mem- 
ber of the Indiana Bituminous Coal Operators' Association 
and the Indiana Coal Trade Bureau. 



NDIANA 



WILLIAM AHLBORN is the President of Wm. Ahlborn 
& Co. at Hammond, Indiana, and has been engaged in the 
retail coal trade nineteen years. He was born in Germany 
March 25, 1873. 

ROBERT ALEXANDER, retail coal merchant at Buck 
Creek, Indiana, has been in the business for thirteen years. 
He was born in Canada in 1857. 

IUSSELL C. ALLEN owns the retail coal business of J. L. 
Allen & Son at Covington, Indiana, and has been in the 
business for eleven years. He was born at Covington 
February 22. 1881. 

TOM A. ALLEN, retail coal merchant at Linden, Indiana, 
has been doing business for five years. He was born at New 
Richmond, Indiana, July 27, 1876. 

I.IMOLN e. AMIKIISOM, Martinsville, Indiana, has been 
In the retail coal business for seven years. He was born In 
Monroe County, Indiana, September 21, 1864. 



W. N. ANDERSON, coal retailer at Kouts. Indiana, has 
been In the business thirty-eight years. He was born in 
Kouts December 19, 1849. 

JOSEPH G. APPLEGATH Is the Office Manager of the 
Princeton Coal Co. of Princeton, Indiana. He has been con- 
nected with the retail coal business for thirty years, for- 
merly with C. O. Godfrey, James Townsend, S. W. Little 
Coal Co. and Princeton Coal & Mining Co. He was born at 
Albion, Illinois, October 10, 1867. 

JOHN B. AKCIUIOLD, President of the John Archbold Coal 
Co. at Evansville, Indiana, has been In the coal business for 
over forty years. He was born in England. 

WAID CARLETON ARNOLD, Warsaw, Indiana, repre- 
senting the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Coal Co. and 
the D. D. Schenck Co., Toledo, Ohio, was born in Pomeroy, 
Ohio, October 23. 1876, and has been in the coal business 
thirteen years. He was formerly connected with The Colum- 
bus & Hocking Coal & Iron Co. of Columbus, Ohio. 

ROBERT W. RAILEY is Vice President and General Man- 
ager of the J. W. Bailey Co., coal merchants at Anderson, 
Indiana, and has been connected with the coal business for 
eight years. He was born August 22, 1887, at Portsmouth, 
Indiana. 

LEWIS J. BALDWIN, proprietor of the Twin City Ice & 
Fuel Co. at Gas City, Indiana, has been in the retail coal 
business for about eighteen years. He was formerly with 
the Consumers Ice & Fuel Co. and the Sterling Ice & Fuel 
Co. at Marion, Indiana. He was born at Marion in 1875. 

ERNEST L. BARBIER is Secretary and Treasurer of the 
New Jersey Coal & Transfer Co., South Bend, Indiana. He 
has been connected with the coal business ten years, for- 
merly with Loughman & Loughman. He was born in Cen- 
terville, Michigan, June 14, 1887. The President of the com- 
pany is John H. Barbier, born in Edwardsburg, Michigan, 
September 13, 1895. 

JAMES R. BARR, partner in the Richland Grain Co. at 
Earl Park, Indiana, has been connected with the coal busi- 
ness for thirty-three years. Formerly he was with the 
Wilson-Barr Co., the Caldwell-Barr Co., the McCray-Morri- 
son Co. and James Ross. He was born in Canada in 1863. 

ROBERT WILLIAM BARR is Manager of the retail coal 
business of Ross, Ross & Barr at Chalmers, Indiana. He 
has been connected with the trade for twenty-five years. 
He was born at Ormstown, Quebec, January 12, 1862. 

\iiM.it J. BARRETT, retail coal merchant at Rochester, 
Indiana, has been In the business thirty-six years, selling 
the first coal ever sold in Rochester. He was born in 1S50 
in Fulton County, Indiana. 

A. J. BARRICK is Mine Foreman for the United Fourth 
Vein Coal Co. at Jasonville, Indiana, and has been in the 
coal industry for thirty-six years, formerly with the Jason- 
ville Coal Co. and other concerns. He was born in Clay 
County, Indiana, May 21, 1858. 

C. E. BASH is President and Manager of C. E. Bash & Co. 
at Huntington, Indiana. He was born at Roanoke, Indiana, 
in 1856. He has been doing a retail business for about one 
year. 

LUTHER B. BEACH, senior partner and Manager of the 
firm of Beach & Simmers at Albany, Indiana, has been en- 
gaged in the retail coal business for eleven years. He was 
formerly with J. R. Beach & Son. He was born in Boone 
County, Indiana, July 1, 1881. 

J. W. BECKMAN, Hammond, Indiana, is Secretary and 
Treasurer of The Beckman Supply Co. and has done a 
retail coal business for eleven years. He was born in 
Germany September II, 1868. 

GEORGE II. BE1INKE is Manager for Ed. Behnke & Son. 
Gary, Indiana, and has been connected with the retail coai 
business for ten years. He was born December 16, 1887, at 
Clarke Station, Indiana. 

GEORGE A. BELL is Manager and President of the B*I1 
Coal Co. at Marion, Indiana. He has been fifteen years in 
the retail business and was born in Brooklyn, New York. 

HARRY J. IlERNSTEIN, retail coal merchant at Marion, 
Indiana, has been in business fourteen years, and is owner 
of the Ohio Coal Co. He was born in Russia. 

ALVA A. BETTERTON, Owner and Manager of the Dale- 
vllle Grain & Coal Co. at Daleville, Indiana, has been in the 
business four years. He was born at Daleville in March, 
1892. 

ALLEN L. BOYD. Manager and Treasurer of the W. Wil- 
son Lumber Co. at LaPorte, Indiana, has been in the busi- 
ness for thirty-one years. He was born September 17, 1869, 
at LaPorte. 

CHARLES WESLEY mi v liriEl.lt of Petersburg. Indiana, 
is the owner of "The Posey Mine," which he operates. He 
has been in the coal business for twenty-eight years. He 
was born November 4, 1870, at Petersburg. 



109 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JAMES W. liiiinw i.i i. is Owner and Manager of the J. 
W. Bridwell Coal Co. at Evansville, Indiana, and has. been 
in the retail coal business for four years. He has been a 
Director of the Indiana Retail Coal Merchants' Association 
and President of the Retail Coal Men's Association of Evans- 
ville. He was born at Evansville April 28, 1870, and was in 
the government service for twenty-three years. 

ISRAEL BRONSTEIN is Manager for Peter Bronstein & 
Co.. retail coal merchants at Huntington, Indiana, and has 
been connected with the business for six years. He was 
born in Russia November 10, 1890. 

PETER BRONSTEIN is President and Treasurer of Peter 
Bronstein & Co., coal merchants at Huntington, Indiana, 
and has been six years in the retail trade. He was born 
August 1, 1866, in Russia. 

WILLIAM BRONSTEIN, Secretary of Peter Bronstein & 
Co., Huntington, Indiana, has been five years in the coal 
business. He was born in Russia March 10, 1895. 

GEORGE E. BRUNER is President and General Manager 
of the Bruner Coal Co. at Kokomo, Indiana, and has- been 
in the retail business for twelve years. He has served as 
Treasurer of the Indiana Retail Coal Merchants' Association. 
He was born in Montgomery County, Ohio, July 14, 1863. 

OMER O. BULLERDICK, retail coal merchant at Rich- 
mond, Indiana, has been in the coal business for ten years, 
formerly with H. C. Bullerdick & Son. He was born at 
Richmond May 15, 1886. 

EDWARD W. BURT is Manager of the Eaton Coal Co. at 
Eaton, Indiana, and has been in the retail business for two 
years. He was born at Shideler, Indiana, in 1873. 

E. L. CARROLL, senior member of the coal firm of E. D. 
Carroll & Son at Decatur, Indiana, has been in the retail 
business for thirty-six years. He was born at Huntsville, 
Ohio, February 8. 1858. 

W. O. CARTWRIGHT, retail coal merchant at Anderson, 
Indiana, has been in the retail business for eight years. 
Formerly he traveled for the Taylor Coal Co. of Lafayette, 
Indiana. He was born in Madison County, Indiana, Decem- 
ber 28, 1860. 

GEORGE N. CASH is Secretary and Treasurer of the El- 
wood Coal & Fuel Co. at Elwood, Indiana, and has been in 
the retail business for sixteen years. He was born June 
9, 1841, in Palmyra, Wisconsin. 

CLYDE J. CASTETTER of the firm of Clyde J. Castetter 
& Co., Goshen, Indiana, has been in the retail coal business 
six years. He was born in Goshen October 29, 1870, and is 
a well-known retailer in that section. 

JOHN CHESTERFIELD, Brazil, Indiana, is Superintendent 
of the Otter Creek Coal Co. and has been engaged in the 
coal business for thirty-six years, formerly with Zeller, 
McClellan & Co. He was born in Clay County, Indiana, in 
1867. 

ROY C. CLAUSER is Manager of the firm of W. H. Clauser 
& Son at Delphi, Indiana, and has been in the retail coal 
business fourteen years. W. H. Clauser, senior member, 
died August 30, 1914. Roy C. Clauser was born February 23, 
1886, in Carroll County, Indiana. 

FRED C. CLINE, Manager of the C. & O. Coal Co. at 
Jonesboro, Indiana, has been connected with the business 
for seven years. He was formerly with J. S. Neill and A. 
H. Cline. He was born in Jonesboro September 27, 1878. 

CARL A. CLOSSON, Logansport, Indiana, is Manager of 
the coal business of the E. D. Closson Estate, and is also 
interested in a retail yard at Matthews, Indiana. He has 
been connected with the coal business for eleven years and 
formerly was Secretary and Treasurer of the Logansport 
Coal Dealers' Association. He was born October 10, 1884, at 
Logansport. 

E. T. COCHRAN, retail coal merchant at Auburn, Indiana, 
has been in the business for twelve years. He was born 
May .13, 1859, at Auburn. 

W. ©.. COLLINS, President and General Manager of the 
W. Q. Collins Grain & Lumber Co. at Lake, Indiana, has 
been in the retail business for seven years. He was born 
October 18, 1878, in Indiana. 

JAMES H. CORNELIUS is General Superintendent of the 
Panhandle Coal Co. at Bicknell, Indiana, and has been con- 
nected with the business for sixteen years. Formerly he 
was with the Cornelius Coal Co. He was born April 24, 
1884, at Columbus, Indiana. 

E. E. CORNTHWAITE of Cicero, Indiana, has been in the 
retail coal business for sixteen years. He was born July 
11, 1863, at Collinsville, Ohio. 

BUEL W. COWLEY, partner in the firm of Wier & Cowley 
at Ligonier, Indiana, has been in the retail coal business for 
forty-eight years. He was born in LaGrange County, In- 
diana, in 1844. 

DANIEL A. CROMER is the sole owner of the Sedalia 
Lumber & Coal Co. at Sedalia, Indiana, and has been in the 
business five years. He was born at Flora, Indiana, in 1882. 



FRANK P. DALTON is Vice President of the Dalton Coal 
Co. at Gary, Indiana, and has been in the business for eight 
years. He was formerly with the Lill-Robinson Coal Co. 
and the City Fuel Co. of Chicago. 

JOSEPH A. DALTON, Secretary of the Dalton Coal Co. 
at Gary, Indiana, has been in the retail business for seven 
years', having formerly been connected with the Chicago 
offices of the Globe Coal Co. and the Miami Coal Co. 

WILLIAM A. DALTON, President and Treasurer of the 
Dalton Coal Co. at Gary, Indiana, has been eight years in 
the retail business. He was born August 25, 1878, in Chi- 
cago, Illinois. Formerly he was with the Baltimore & Ohio 
' Railroad in the coal traffic department and as coal and coke 
agent at Chicago. He is a District Chairman of the Indiana 
Retail Coal Merchants' Association. 

G. C. DAVIS, Tipton, Indiana, was born in California and 
has been in the coal business for sixteen years. He was 
formerly connected with the Arm of Fox & Davis. 

J. M. DAVIS is President and Manager of the Davis Coal 
Co. at Shelby, Indiana, and has been in the business foi 
thirteen years, formerly with the Davis-Caster Coal Co. 
He was born in Bath County, Kentucky, March 15, 1860. 

J. O. DAVIS, Secretary of the Greenfield Ice & Fuel Co. 
at Greenfield, Indiana, has been five years in the retail coal 
business. He was born January 30, 1881, at Greenfield. 

HERBERT H. DEAM is Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Studebaker Grain & Seed Co. at Bluffton, Indiana, and has 
been in the business for twenty-six years. He has served 
as President of the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Retail Coal Deal- 
ers Association for two years. He was born at Bluffton May 
25, 1862, and has been active in the grain and lumber asso- 
ciations. 

FRANK D. DEARING, retail, coal merchant at Anderson, 
Indiana, has been in the business for fourteen years. He 
was born April 24, 1874, at Florida, Indiana. 

JOHN E. DEATON, senior partner of John E. Deaton & 
Son at Sidney, Indiana, has been in the retail coal business 
for thirteen years. He was born October 16, 1862, in Clark 
County, Ohio. 

J. B. DECAMP, Brazil, Indiana, is General Manager and 
operator of the DeCamp Coal & Clay Co. He has spent 
thirty years in the coal industry as a miner and for six 
years has been in the retail business. He was born at 
Brazil in 1870. 

A. DECKER, Manager of the Home Grain Co. at LaGrange, 
Indiana, has been in the retail coal business for nine years. 
He was born October 9, 1857, at Nottawa, Michigan. 

G. L. DELLINGER, retail coal merchant at Charlestown, 
Indiana, has been in the business for three years. He was 
born at Jeffersonville, Indiana, December 2, 1892. 

WILLIAM A. DEPOY has been in the retail coal business 
for four years at Converse, Indiana. He was born May 9, 
1872, in Ohio. 

EDWARD M. DIBOS, proprietor of the business of J. J. 
Dibos & Son at Hammond, Indiana, has been connected with 
the firm for twenty-eight years and has owned the business 
for thirteen. He has served as Secretary of the local coal 
dealers' association. He was born in Morton Grove, Illi- 
nois, November 9, 1887. 

CLAUDE J. DILLON, Secretary Ohio Fuel & Supply Co., 
Van Buren, Indiana, was born in Van Buren, Indiana, 
October 4, 1895, and has been in the coal business for six 
years. 

JAMES L. DILLON, Manager of the Ohio Fuel & Supply 
Co., Van Buren, Indiana, was born in Indiana in 1890, and 
has been in the coal business for eleven years. 

"WILLIAM F. DINGEL is President and Treasurer of the 
Dingel Coal & Lumber Co. at Newcastle, Indiana, and has 
been in the retail business for eleven years. He was born 
October 16, 1863, at Washington, D. C. 

CLEM E. DOANE is President of the Boonville Mining 
Co. at Boonville, Indiana, and has been engaged in the coal 
business for seventeen years. He is also interested in the 
Fox Hill Coal Co. and the Ebony Block Coal Co. He was 
formerly with the Patoka River Coal & Coke Co. and the 
Cypress Creek Coal Co. He was born at Jasper, Indiana, 
October 13, 1875. 

ROBERT F. DUNN has been doing a retail coal business 
at Russiaville, Indiana, for seventeen years. He was born 
at Fishers, Indiana, May 14, 1860. 

EDWARD R. DYE of Monticello, Indiana, is President, 
Treasurer and General Manager of the United Fourth Vein 
Coal Co. of Indianapolis. He has been in the coal business 
for eighteen years, formerly with Hunter W. Finch & Co., 
Chicago. He was born' at Piedmont, West Virginia, October 
31, 1861. 



110 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 






I. S. ii it \ ■■■:■!. Manager of the Draper Coal & Ice Co. at 
Sullivan, Indian*, has been thirty-one years in the retail 
com] business, formerly with the I. S. Draper Co. and the 
old Famous Fuel Co. He was born February 20, 1864, in 
Sullivan County. Indiana. W. M. Draper is senior member 
of the company. 

M. A. EBEKHAHD, Troy, Indiana, was born at Troy, In- 
diana, February 10, 1855, and has been in the coal business 
for nineteen years. 

LAWRGNCK A. EII.NER, President and General Manager 
of the Ebner Ice & Cold Storage Co.. Vlncennes, Indiana, 
was born in Vlncennes, Indiana, May 7, 1872, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-five years. He is also 
interested in the retail coal business at Seymour, Indiana. 

ERNEST ELLIS, Secretary-Treasurer of Ellis Bros., retail 
coal merchants at Kokomo, Indiana, has been in the busi- 
ness for thirteen years. He was formerly with Hunter W. 
FiiH'h & Co. of Chicago. He was born at Kokomo January 
\ 1877. 

LEWIS KKLCH, senior member of the firm of Lewis Felch 
& Son at New Harmony, Indiana, has been in the business 
for twenty-four years. He was born at New Harmony No- 
vember 20, 1851. Nelson Felch, his son, is junior member 
of the Arm and was born August 12, 1877, at New Harmony. 

m i m u i M. FERGUSON, President Clinton Coal Co. and 
Ferguson-Spears Coal Co. at Clinton, Indiana, has been in 
the coal business twenty-seven years, formerly with the 
Khrman Coal Co.. where he began as office boy. He bought a 
small mine in 1894, which was his first mining venture, and 
organized the Clinton Coal Co. in 1901. He was born in 
Clay County, Indiana, October 3, 1869. Mr. Ferguson has 
served as Mayor of his city and taken an active interest 
in all civic movements. 

P. J. FINGER is Secretary and Treasurer of Finger Bros. 
P. & K. Coal & Coke Co. at New Albany, Indiana, and has 
been connected with the business for twenty-six years. He 
was born at New Albany April 25, 1877. 

FRANK H. FOE is the owner of the Bourbon Lumber & 
Coal Co. at Bourbon, Indiana, and has been in the business 
for fifteen years, formerly managing the North Liberty 
Lumber & Coal Co. He was born May 8, 1871, at Hamilton, 
Ontario. 

N. B. FORD, Manager of the Crabbs Reynolds Taylor 
Co., West Point, Indiana, was born at West Point, Indiana, 
in 1880, and has been in the coal business for sixteen years. 
He was formerly connected with W. B. Foresman. 

ORA FORSYTH, Secretary-Treasurer of the Noblesville 
Fuel & Supply Co. at Noblesville, Indiana, has been con- 
nected with the business for six years. He was born at 
Franklin, Indiana, September 24, 1872. 

C. Y. FOSTER of the firm of C. Y. Foster & Son, retail 
coal merchants at Carmel, Indiana, has been in the business 
for nineteen years. 

WiTIIIIt E. FHETAGEOT, retail coal merchant at New 
Harmony, Indiana, has been in the business for eighteen 
years, formerly with his father, A. H. Fretageot. He was 
born December 12, 1873, at New Harmony. 

I,. E. FRICKE, a partner in the firm of L. E. Frlcke & 
Co., Kvansville. Indiana, has been in the wholesale coal 
business two years. He was born May 16. 1866. 

WILLIAM GALE, retail coal merchant at Cumberland, 
Indiana, has been In the business for twenty-three years. 
He was born at Cumberland in 1864. 

AAHON i;ARI)\KI( is an equal partner in the firm of 
Gardner ,V- Lewis of Cottage Grove, Indiana. He is also 
interested in the Kltehel Elevator Co. at Kitchel and Huston. 
Indiana. Mr. Gardner has been in the coal business for 
sixteen years and was born in Cedar County, Iowa, March 

I, 1860. 

THOMAS GILLESPIE, Mine Superintendent at Bicknell, 
Indiana, is also interested in a mine at Edwardsport. Indi- 
ana, and formerly was connected with the following: Lynan 
Coal Co., Knox Coal Co., Knox Coal Mining Co. and Glen- 
dale Coal Co. He was born at Lanarkshire, Scotland, July 

II. 1878. Mr. Gillespie worked as a miner In Scotland and 
has been In the business In America for thirteen years. 

BENJAMIN D. GLASSCOCK, member of the firm of J. W. 
& B. D. Glasscock, wholesale and retail coal merchants at 
Muncle, Indiana, has been fifteen years In the business. He 
was born at Hillsboro, Ohio, September 26. 1872. Mr. Glass- 
COOk is a Director Of the Indiana Retail Coal Merchants' 
Association. 

PHILIP GOETHALS is a partner in the firm of Goethals 
& Makank, Mishawaka, Indiana, and has been in the retail 
coal business for three years. He was born July 18, 1867, in 
Belgium. 

W. J. GOODRICH has been In the retail coal business fo: 
eleven years at Royal Centre, Indiana, where he was born 
April 3, 1876. 



CHAS. V. GRAFT, Winchester, Indiana, was born in 
Miami County, Indiana, in 1877, and has been In the coal 
business for sixteen years. He also operates a retail coal 
yard at Parker. 

C, W. GRANT, retail coal merchant at 1337 Toledo Street. 
I.ogansport. Indiana, was born in Columbia City, Indiana. 
November 8. 1873. and has been in the coal business six 
years. The firm was originally Grant & Yeagley. 

WALTER A. GREINER is Manager for Robert McKim & 
Co., wholesale coal merchants at Madison, Indiana. 

D. E. GROW, retail coal merchant at Rensselaer, Indiana, 
has been doing business for eleven years. He was born 
in Rensselaer May 4, 1874. 

CHARLES M. HAM, Manager of the C. M. Ham Lumber & 
Coal Co. at Paoli, Indiana, has been in the business for six- 
teen years. He was born at Paoll February 6, 1863. 

H. MONROE HARDMAN, President and General Manager 
of Staples & Hardman, South Bend, Indiana, has been in the 
coal business for sixteen years. He was born January 16, 
1869, at South Bend. Isaac W. Staples is a silent member 
of the firm. He was born November 27, 1873, at Kingsbury, 
Indiana. 

S. B. HARLAN, Manager of the Concrete Fuel Co. at And- 
erson, Indiana, has been engaged in the business for four 
years. He was born October 19, 1884, at Alexandria, Indi- 
ana. 

ABRAHAM HARSH, owner of A. Harsh Coal & Supply Co. 
and President and Manager Tiger Coal & Supply Co., Rich- 
mond, Indiana, was born in Wooster, Ohio, October 6, 1856. 
He is Vice President of The Cliff Wood, Coal & Supply Co., 
Lima, Ohio. He was formerly with Parry & Harsh at Lucas, 
Qhio, and Howe & Harsh at Lima. 

JOSEPH HARTLEY is the proprietor of the retail coal 
business of Jos. Hartley & Son at East Chicago, Indiana, 
which he has conducted for thirteen years. He was born in 
Sheffield, England, in 1861. 

LLOYD HAWKINS is owner of the Culver City Grain & 
Coal Co. at Culver, Indiana, and has been in the business 
four years. He was born February 18, 1884, at Culver. 

HARVEY HAWLEY, Manager of the Miami County 
Lumber Co. at Peru, Indiana, has been in the business for 
sixteen years. He was born February 16, 1876, in Miami 
County. 

CONRAD S. HEET, Richmond, Indiana, is Secretary, 
Treasurer and Manager of Hackman, Klehfoth & Co., and 
has been connected with the coal business for twenty-two 
years. He was born September 19, 1876, at Hamilton, Ohio. 

ED. M. HEISE is President of Heise Bros., Orleans, In- 
diana. He has been in the retail coal business for twenty 
years. He was born in Indiana March 8, 1858. Albert "Heise 
Is Secretary and Treasurer of the concern. 

JOHN MARSHALL HENDERSON, retail coal merchant at 
Idaville, Indiana, has been in the business for sixteen years, 
formerly with the firm of Joseph Henderson & Son. He 
was born in White County, Indiana. March 5, 1875. 

ORON M. HENDRICKSO.N, Manager of O. M. Hendrickson 
& Co., Rochester, Indiana, has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness for nine years. He was born at Kewanna, Indiana, 
February 19, 1877. 

J. C. HENDRIX, Manager of Hendrix & Son, retail coal 
merchants at Tangier, Indiana, has been in the business for 
eight years. He was born February 18, 1867, at Putnam- 
ville, Indiana. 

A. VERNON HENRY is Manager of the East Side Fuel 
Co., Connersville, Indiana, and has been in the retail coal 
business for six years. He was born at Connersville, Feb- 
ruary 11, 1888. 

D. HERBERT HERBSTER. Elkhart. Indiana, is Secretary 
and Manager of the Isbell Lumber & Coal Co. He has been 
in the retail coal business for seven years. He was born 
at Beavertown, Pennsylvania. April 9, 1887. 

VICTOR D. HERRENBHLC'K, Treasurer of the John Arch- 
bold Coal Co. at Evansvllle, Indiana, has been in the retail 
coal business for eighteen years. He was born at Evans- 
vllle. 

J. J. HIGGINS is President of the Higgins-Martln Coal 
Co. at Clinton, Indiana, and has been engaged in the busi- 
ness for thirteen years, formerly with the Oak Hill Coal & 
Mining Co. He was born In Ohio in 1849. 

L. A. HILLIGOSS is the owner of the retail business of 
Hilligoss & Son at Shelbyville, Indiana, and has been en- 
KiiKi'il in the coal trade for twenty-five years. He owns a 
small yard at Morrlstown, Indiana. He was born In 1863 
In Rush County, Indiana, and is one of Indiana's best known 
retailers. His son, Russell B. Hllllgos, is associated with 
him. 

RICHARD M. HINSHAW, retail coal merchant at Monti- 
cello, Indiana, has been in the business for nine years. He 
was born in \\ bile County, Indiana, April 2, 1861. 



Ill 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



DANA HOCH, retail coal merchant at Mulberry, Indiana, 
has been engaged in the business for seven years. He was 
born at Hamilton, Indiana, May 15, 1882. 

SAMUEL, HOLDEN, Brazil, Indiana, is Superintendent of 
stripping pit for the Clay Products Co. and has been con- 
nected with the coal business for thirty-four years. For- 
merly he was with the following concerns: Mcintosh Coal 
Co., Weaver Coal & Coke Co., Continental Clay & Mining 
Co., American Sewer Pipe Co. He was born April 21, 1870, 
at Knightsville, Indiana. 

WILLIAM E. HOICK is proprietor of the Newcastle Coal 
Agency at Newcastle, Indiana, and has been in the business 
for six years. He was born July 4, 1880, in Illinois. 

GAINS LINCOLN HOWELL, Westville, Indiana, was born 
in La Porte County, Indiana, January 24, 1860, and has been 
engaged in the coal business for four years. 

DAVID INGLE, President of the Ayrshire Coal Co., Evans- 
ville, Indiana, has been engaged in the retail business for 
over twenty years and is also interested in the following: 
Glen Ayr, Green Valley and Tecumseh Coal & Mining com- 
panies. He was born in Evansville, October 5, 1875. David 
Ingle, Sr., who founded the Ayrshire Coal Co., died October 
18, 1909, at Oakland City, Indiana. 

WILL W. IRELAND is a retail coal merchant at Browns- 
town, Indiana, and has been doing business for five years. 
He was born at Brownstown, September 19, 1885. 

ROY H. JACKSON is a mining engineer for the Ayrshire 
Coal Co. at Oakland City, Indiana, and has been connected 
with the industry for eleven years. He was born June 11. 
1886, at Terre Haute, Indiana. 

RICHARD M. JOHNSON, 816 South Michigan St., South 
Bend, Indiana, has been in the retail coal business for four- 
teen years. He was born at Grovertown, Indiana, April 21, 
1871. 

CHASTINE JOHNSTON, proprietor and Manager C. John- 
ston Coal Co., Auburn, Indiana, was born in St. Joe, Indiana, 
November 8, 1879, and has been two years in the retail coal 
business. Mr. Johnston also opened a coal yard in Garrett, 
Indiana, in October, 1918. 

C. H. JOHNSTON of the firm of C. B. Johnston & Son at 
Remington, Indiana, is the senior partner and half owner. 
He has been in the business for forty-two years. He was 
born June 16, 1848, at Branch Hill, Ohio. His son, W. E. 
Johnston, has been associated in the business for twenty- 
six years. He was born December 7, 1874. The business 
was formerly carried on at Washburn, Illinois, and Arrow- 
smith, Illinois. 

DAVID JONES, Gas City, Indiana, is sole owner of the 
David Jones Coal Co. and has been in the retail coal trade 
for eleven years. He was born at Llanelly, Wales, January 
29, 1863. 

LEWIS KANOUSE is senior member of the retail coal 
firm of Kenouse & Phillips at South Bend, Indiana. He 
has been in the business for thirty-nine years, formerly 
with the Powell Coal Co. and Buckley, Kanouse & Co., at 
Paris, Illinois. He was born in 1852 at Shelbyville, Indiana. 

IRA KAUFFMAN is Secretary and Treasurer of the Con- 
sumers Coal & Supply Co. at Elkhart, Indiana, and has been 
engaged in the retail business for thirteen years. He was 
born at Nevada, Missouri, in 1872. 

HARRY WILLIAM KELLEY is the owner of the Linder 
Coal Co. at Angola, Indiana, and has been in the retail busi- 
ness for nine years. He is Chairman of the Executive Board 
of the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Retail Coal Dealers' Associa- 
tion and formerly was connected with the New York Central 
Railroad. He was born October 21, 1872, in Kilkeel, County 
Down, Ireland. 

JOHN E. KELLY is Superintendent and Manager of the 
Big 4 Coal Co. at Boonville, Indiana. He has been in the coal 
business twenty-six years, formerly with Kelly & Nestos. 
He was born at Boonville February 2, 1870. 

M. A. KENNER, Huntington, Indiana, has been in the coal 
business for eleven years, with the firm of C. E. Bash & Co. 
He was born at Huntington January 14, 1877. 

HUGO F. KEPPEN, retail coal merchant at Michigan City, 
Indiana, has been in the business for six years. He was 
born in 1876 in Iowa. 

THEODORE S. KERNS is Secretary and Manager of the 
coal business of Kerns & Healey, Logansport, Indiana. He 
has been in the trade for fifty years and was formerly with 
the Indiana Coal & Fuel Co. He was born at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, July 5, 1843. B. W. Healey is President and Treasurer 
of the concern. 

ELI W. KIMBROUGH, partner in the C. & O. Coal Co., 
Jonesboro, Indiana, is thirty years of age and was born in 
Grant County, Indiana. 

EDWIN KIRKPATRICK owns the Kirkpatrick Grain Co. 
at Shirley, Indiana, and has been Ave years in the coal 
business, formerly with the Haywood Grain Co., Cyclone, 
Indiana. He was born at Sugar Grove, Indiana, February 
10, 1873. 



"WALTER E. KLEHFOTH is Secretary and Treasurer of 
the Klehfoth-Niewoehner Co. at Richmond, Indiana. He 
has been connected with the retail coal business for eight 
years, formerly with Hackman, Klehfoth & Co. He was born 
February 5, 1886, at Cincinnati, Ohio. Lewis C. Niewoehner 
Is President of the company. 

GEORGE KLITCH of Ewing, Indiana, has been in the re- 
tail coal business for eight years. He was born at Sey- 
mour, Indiana, March 15, 1856. He formerly was with the 
United Fourth Vein Coal Co. and the Davis Coal Co. 

CHRISTIAN KNOEPFLE- is a retail coal merchant at 
Bremen, Indiana, and has been in the business for six years. 
He was born April 23, 1855, in Germany. 

JOHN G. KRATLI, retail coal merchant at Knox, Indiana, 
was born in Switzerland, February 21, 1842, and has been In 
the business most of his active life. 

JOHN P. KRIEGHAUM, Treasurer of Kriegbaum Bros., 
Inc., at Huntington, Indiana, has been in the retail coal 
business for over twenty years. He was born at Cedar- 
ville, Ohio, August 13, 1865. 

W. S. LASLEY, senior member of W. S. Lasley & Son, 
Gessie, Indiana, has been in the retail coal business for six 
years. He was born March 15, 1856, in Scott County, Ken- 
tucky. 

EDWARD LEE, SR., is head of the firm of E. Lee & Son 
at Crawfordsville, Indiana, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for thirty years. He was born in New York City 
March 1, 1850. 

WILLIAM H. LEE, retail coal merchant at New Albany, 
Indiana, has been in the business for over twenty years. He 
was formerly with the Winslow Gas Coal Co. He was born 
in Floyd County, Indiana. 

OTTO LEFFORGE, retail coal merchant at Rossville, In- 
diana, has been seven years in the business. He was born 
in 1880 at Oaklandon, Indiana. 

W. A. LEWIS, Manager of the Central Coal Co. at Elwood, 
Indiana, has been in the business for three years. He was 
born June 22, 1869, at McKeesport, Pennsylvania. 

DR. W. A. LINE, French Lick, Indiana, has been in the 
coal business twenty years, supplying the home trade. He 
was born In Orange County, Indiana, January 12, 1844. 

J. F. LINGEMAN is senior member of the firm of Linge- 
man, Adams & Co., coal merchants at Brownsburg, Indiana. 
He was born in Indiana in 1854 and has been engaged in 
the coal business for twenty-six years. 

HARRY W. LITTLE, 510 Old State Bank Building. Evans- 
ville, Indiana, is Secretary and Treasurer of S. W. Little 
Sons & Co. and has been connected with the coal business 
sixteen years. He is also Secretary of the Southern Indiana 
Coal Bureau and Assistant District Representative of the, 
United States Fuel Administration for Southern Indiana. 
He was born in Evansville in 1875. 

ORLANDO HENRY LITTLE, President of the O. H. Little 
Fuel Co., Richmond, Indiana, has been in the retail coal 
business for thirteen years. He was born in 1865 in Ran- 
dolph County, Indiana. 

JOSEPH E. LLOYD is Manager of and partner in the E. T. 
Slider Co., Louisville, Kentucky, with offices at New Albany, 
Indiana. He has been connected with the coal business for 
twenty years, formerly with E. T. Slider, I'ew Albany. He 
was born December 18, 1871, at New Albany. 

W. A. LORD has been in the retail coal business at Mays, 
Indiana, since November, 1907. On March 13, 1918, he and 
his son, Fred S. Lord, formed the firm of W. A. Lord & Son. 
Both are natives of Rush County, Indiana, the father born 
in 1857. 

ELI A. i.i <: i \ ill i.i. is Secretary and Manager of the Berne 
Grain & Hay Co. at Berne, Indiana, and has done a retail 
coal business for ten years. 

HARRY BALDWIN LYMAN, coal merchant at LaFayette, 
Indiana, was engaged in the business for about thirty years, 
succeeding his father, E. B. Lyman, who established it over 
fifty years ago. Mr. Lyman was born in LaFayette Septem- 
ber 24, 1868, and died December 19, 1916. The present owner 
is G. Edwin Lyman, who has been connected with the trade 
for six years. He was born June 3, 1893, at LaFayette, and 
his associate is Charles Patton, who has been with the firm 
for twenty years. 

JOHN LYNCH, retail coal merchant at Highland, Indiana, 
has been doing business for seventeen years. He was 
born in Wood County, Ohio, September 25, 1861. 

R. L. MAGEE, Manager for H. Kittinger. Winamac, 
Indiana, was born at Winamac, Indiana, March 28, 1860, 
and has been in the coal business for thirty-one years. 

HARRY A. MARTIN, Owner of the coal business of Martin 
& Martin at Newcastle, Indiana, has been connected with 
the retail coal trade eighteen years. He was born October 
20, 1858, in Mt. Vernon, Ohio. 



112 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOSEI'HUS MART1X is Manager of the retail coal firm of 
Hardison & Martin at Geneva, Indiana, and has been in the 
business for sixteen years. He was born at Geneva June 17, 
1881. 

GEORGE MATHAS, head of the firm of Geo. Mathas & 
Son at Montezuma, Indiana, has been in the retail coal 
business for fifteen years. He was born July 25, 1864, at 
Montezuma. 

HARRY W. MATTERS is Vice President and Secretary of 
the J. Woolley Coal Co. at Evansville, Indiana. He has been 
in the coal business for twenty-six years. He was born 
December 5, 1863, at Vincennes, Indiana. He is interested 
also in the Warrick Coal Mining Co. 

SAMUEL J. MATTHEWS, Manager of Elliott & Co., 
Tipton. Indiana, was born at Peru, Indiana, in 1870, and 
has been engaged In the coal business for twenty-two 
years. He was formerly connected with the firm of Wees- 
ner, Matthews & Co. 

LAKE PUNCH MAUCK is Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Owensville Lumber & Coal Co. at Owensvllle, Indiana, and 
has been in the business for six years. He was born April 
19, 1894, at Owensville. 

JAMES H. Mc< I.KI.I, AM) of Brazil, Indiana, is Treasurer 
of the Sunbeam Coal Co. and was formerly President of the 
Brazil Block Coal Co. He was born In Poland In 1855 and 
has been in the coal business for over forty years. Mr. 
McClelland Is one of the best known operators in the block 
field of Indiana. 

H. S. McCOY is the owner of the Osgood Grain Co. at Os- 
good, Indiana, and has been in the retail coal business for 
four years. 

w 1 1 I I \M F. McCURDY is a retail coal merchant at Ridge- 
ville, Indiana, who has been engaged in the business for 
twenty-one years. He was born in 1867. 

JOHN M. McGUIRE is a retail coal merchant at LaFayette, 
Indiana, who has been in business for himself thirteen years 
and has spent thirty-five years, all told, In various connec- 
tions with the trade. He was formerly with Wm. Taylor & 
Co. and William Taylor & Son, Brockenbrough & Murphy, 
Martin & McGuire and Parke County Coal Co. He was born 
at LaFayette July 26, 1859. 

J. E. McILWAIN is owner of the coal business of Ed. Mc- 
Ilwain at 'Kirklin, Indiana, and has been connected with the 
retail trade for six years. He was born at McCords, Indiana, 
March 1, 1875. 

E. B. McQUADE, General Superintendent Indian Creek Coal 
& Mining Co., Vincennes, Indiana, was born in Indiana and 
has been in the coal business for twenty years. He also 
has coal interests in Westphalia, Indiana. 

C. D. MEEKER is Secretary of the Monticello Lumber & 
Coal Co. at Monticello, Indiana. He served as President of 
the Indiana Retail Lumber Dealers' Association in 1913. He 
was born at Dayton. Ohio, August 31, 1857. 

LOUIS H. MEYER, Manager of the Meyer Coal Co. at 
New Albany, Indiana, has been In the coal business for six- 
teen years, formerly with the New Albany Coal Co. He 
was born February 22, 1869, at New Albany. 

ARTHUR L. MILLER is owner of the Miller Lumber & 
Coal Co. at Nappanee, Indiana, and has been in the retail 
business for fourteen years. He was born in Elkhart 
County, Indiana, in August, 1877. His partner Is Lenus 
Miller. 

VERN" M. MILLER, Manager of the Veedersburg Lumber 
Co., Veedersburg, Indiana, was born in Veedersburg, 
Indiana, October 18, 1876, and has been in the coal business 
for eleven years. 

■WALTER J. MOMIIUVK Is Manager of the Butler Mill- 
ing Co. at Butler; Indiana, and has been In the coal business 
for eight years. He formerly was with the Platte City 
Milling Co. at Platte City, Missouri. He was born in Lan- 
caster, Ohio. September 23, 1876. 

WILLIAM LOVELL MORRIS, Secretary and Manager of 
the Citizens Coal & Supply Co. at Logansport, Indiana, has 
been in the retail business for ten years and was formerly 
with Walter J. Scully, owner of the United Coal Yards. He 
was born at New London, Indiana, in 1862. 

J. W. MORRISON is Secretary-Treasurer of the Hunting- 
ton Lumber Co. at Huntington, Indiana, and has been con- 
nected with the coal business for fifteen years. He was 
formerly with N. P. Sailing at Anderson, Indiana. He was 
born in Ohio November 3, 1880. 

A. B. MOSHER, Manager of A. B. Mosher & Co., coal mer- 
chants at Columbia City, Indiana, has been engaged In the 
business for sixteen years, formerly as a member of the 
firm of Mosher & Oranll. He has served on the executive 
committee of the Third District of the Indiana Coal Oper- 
ators Association. He was born In Whitley County, Indiana, 
October 3, 1853. 



CLAY' E. MOSS is General Superintendent of the United 
Fourth Vein Coal Co. at Linton, Indiana. He has been con- 
nected with the coal industry for twenty-three years. He 
was born in Indiana April 16, 1878. 

ARCHIBALD K. MURRAY' of Muncie, Indiana is partner 
and Manager of the firm of Stafford & Murray, who have 
yards at Medford and Raymond, Indiana. He has been ten 
years in the coal business. He was born in Scotland De- 
cember 20, 1876. 

WILLIAM J. MYERS, Decatur, Indiana, has been in the 
retail coal business for sixteen years. He was born in 
Wayne County, Ohio, May 21, 1839. 

JAMES N. Mini lit is Manager of the Willman Lum- 
ber Co. at Hartford City, Indiana, and has been connected 
with the retail coal business for sixteen years. He was 
born at Des Moines, Iowa, May 29, 1876. 

FRANK B. NEESE, Mine Superintendent for the J. K. 
Dering Coal Co. at Clinton, Indiana, has been connected 
with the coal industry for over twenty years, formerly 
with the Miami Coal Co. and the O'Gara Coal Co. He was 
born at Brazil, Indiana. 

MATHIAS NEUDORF, retail coal merchant at Merrillville, 
Indiana, has been in the business for five years. He was 
born at St. John, Indiana, November 15, 1864. 

CALVIN NICEUM, senior member of the firm of Niceum & 
Harlan at Swayzee, Indiana, has been in the retail coal 
business for ten years. He was formerly with the Niceum 
Milling Co. and with Wright & Niceum. He was born 
January 19, 1851, in Darke County, Ohio. 

ORREN M. NICEUM, General Manager of the Grant 
County Dumber Co., Swayzee, Indiana, has been in the re- 
tail coal business eighteen years. He was formerly with 
the Niceum-Henley Co. and the Niceum Milling Co. He 
was born in 1867 in Wabash County, Indiana. 

A. C. NICHOLSON, Treasurer of the Washington-Wheat- 
land Coal Co., Wheatland, Indiana, was born In Knox 
County, Indiana, in December, 1857, and has been in the 
coal business for fifteen years. 

LEWIS C. NIEWOEHNER is President of the Klehfoth- 
Niewoehner Co., 222 Kinsey St., Richmond, Indiana. He 
has been in the coal business for two years. He was born 
January 27, 1886, at Richmond. 

C. H. OMSTEAD, President of C. H. Omstead & Son at 
LaGrange, Indiana, has been five years in the retail coal 
business. He was born at LaGrange. M. H. Omstead is the 
other member of the firm. 

CHARLES A. OPP, proprietor of The Opp Coal Co. at 

Aurora, Indiana, has been connected with the coal business 
for twelve years. He formerly was a member of the firm 
of Bosse & Opp. He was born at Farmers Retreat, Indiana, 
January 16, 1866. 

J. J. OVERMEY'ER, retail coal merchant at Kouts, In- 
diana, has been in business for six years. He was born 
at Somerset, Ohio, In 1874. 

WILLIAM OVERMIRE, Yorktown, Indiana, is a native 
of Indiana, having been born at Yorktown, September 4, 
1863, and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

GEORGE H. PALMER, retail coal merchant at Sheridan, 
Indiana, has been doing business for sixteen years. He was 
born in Indiana in 1860. 

JOHN H. PANABAKER, General Manager of the firm of 
Sam Panabaker & Son at Kokomo, Indiana, has been con- 
nected with the coal business for fifteen years. He has 
served as a Director of the Indiana Retail Coal Merchants' 
Association. He was born February 19, 1882, in Cass County, 
Indiana. 

WARREN W. PEARSON, Upland, Indiana, was born in 
Fisher, Illinois, July 27, 1880, and has been In the coal 
business for sixteen years. 

JAMES H. PERSONS, President and General Manager of 
the Queen Coal & Mining Co. at Jasonville, Indiana, has been 
in the coal Industry for thirteen years. He was born July 
27, 1858. at Wellston, Ohio. 

HENRY <:. PETERS, "The Coal Man" at Crown Point, 
Indiana, has been in the retail business for nine years. He 
was born In Chicago, Illinois, October 1, 1876. 

HARI.EY PHEND, Manager Phend Bros., Nappanee. In- 
diana, was born In N&ppahee January 3, 1870. and has been 
In the ciiiil business a quarter of a century. William Phend, 
his partner, was born Jun« 13. 1868. 

< IIARLES MONROE PIERCY, Kokomo, Indiana, has been 
In the retail coal business for eleven years. He was born 
February 11, 1853, In Ohio. 

TEMPLE G. PIERSON. Manager of the J. L. Plerson Lum- 
ber Co. at Spencer, Indiana, has been connected with the 
r«tatl coal business for eight years. He was born Febru- 
ary 3, 1875, at Freedom, Indiana. 



113 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JACOB FRANKLIN PLICE, retail coal merchant at Markle, 
Indiana, has been in the business for twenty-three years. 
He was formerly with Sharick & Plice at Nankin, Ohio, but 
bought out his partner. He was born at Polk, Ohio, January 
15, 1859. 

MARTIN LUTHER PLOTT, retail coal merchant at Leb- 
anon, Indiana, has been doing business there for fifteen 
years, selling strictly for cash. He was born August 3, 
1853, at Roanoke, Virginia. 

ELIJAH POWERS is General Manager of the Peacock Coal 
Co. at Boonville, Indiana. He has been connected with the 
business for sixteen years, formerly with the T. D. Scales 
Coal Co. and the Cypress Creek coal mines. He was born 
February 3, 1886, in Warrick County, Indiana. 

o. H. RABE is a Director of the Beckman Supply Co. at 
Hammond, Indiana, and has been connected with the retail 
coal business for fifteen years. He was born May 2, 1875, 
at Chicago Heights, Illinois. 

ALFRED P. RANDOLPH, retail coal merchant at LaFay- 
ette, Indiana, has been engaged in the business for sixteen 
years. He was born at Newburg, Pennsylvania. 

WILBUR LIAL RAWLINGS is a retail coal merchant of 
Michigan City, Indiana, who has been doing business for 
thirty-seven years. He was born at Jeffersonville, Indiana, 
January 12, 1858, and is the pioneer coal merchant of his 
city. 

MALCOLM REED, Secretary-Treasurer of the Rose Hill 
Coal Co. at Linton, Indiana, has been in the business six 
years, formerly with the Twin Oaks Coal Co. He was born 
at Brazil, Indiana, March 29, 1874. He worked in the mines 
at Morris Run, Pennsylvania, when fourteen years old. 

DAVID H. REESE, retail coal merchant at Angola, Indi- 
ana, has been in the business for seven years. He was born 
in Williams County, Ohio, September 13, 1866. 

OSBORNE G. REILLY, clerk in the office of E. T. Slider 
at New Albany, Indiana, has been in the coal business for 
twenty-five years. He was born August 11, 1872, at New 
Albany. 

THOMAS W. RICHARDSON is President of the Rose Hill 
Coal Co. at Linton, Indiana. He "was formerly President of 
the Twin Oaks Coal Co., which he organized. He was born 
near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1871. He began working 
in the coal mines at Washington, Indiana, at the age of 
nine years. 

SCHUYLER ROSE, South Bend, Indiana, has been in the 
coal business for twenty years. He formerly was with the 
Powhattan Coal Co. at Toledo, the Pittsburgh-Buffalo Coal 
Co. at Detroit and the Commercial Coal Co. at Detroit, as 
Sales Manager, and Hunter W. Finch & Co. at Chicago. He 
was born at South Bend February 22, 1868. 

J. N. RUSSELL, Tipton, Indiana, was born in Warren 
County, Ohio, February 25, 1859, and has been in .the coal 

business eighteen years. 

HUGH E. RUTLEDGE, retail coal merchant at Martins- 
ville, Indiana, has been engaged in the business for sixteen 
years. He was born in Morgan County, Indiana, September 
19, 1870. 

ALBERT R. SAILOR, Manager and President of A. R. 
Sailor Coal Co., coal merchants, Elkhart, Indiana, has been 
eight years in the retail business. He was born January 1, 
18S0, in southwestern Indiana. 

JAMES W. SALE, President of the Studebaker Grain & 
Seed Co. at Bluffton, Indiana, was formerly connected with 
the Studebaker-Sale Co. and has been in the retail coal 
business for twenty-eight years. He was born August 1, 
1858, at North Manchester, Indiana. 

NIELS P. SALLING, Anderson, Indiana, has been engaged 
in the retail coal business at Anderson nineteen years. He 
is also interested in yards at Huntington and Muncie, In- 
diana. He was born in Denmark. 

EUGENE G. SARGEANT is President and General Man- 
ager of the Sargeant Coal Co. at Newburgh, Indiana, and 
has been in the retail coal business for over twenty years. 
He is a Director of the Evansville Coal Exchange. He was 
born at Newburgh July 18, 1870. 

H. E. SCHEID, retail coal merchant at Covington, Indiana, 
has been doing business for six years. He was born Decem- 
ber 1, 1878, at Eaton, Ohio. 

J. B. SCHLOOT, Secretary, Treasurer and Purchasing 
Agent of the Ayrdale Coal Co. at Linton, Indiana, has been 
connected with the business for six years. He was born at 
Linton in 1871. 

NICHOLAS SCHREPFERMAN is President of the Schrep- 
ferman Coal Co. at Brazil, Indiana, and has been in the 
coal industry for twenty-six years. He was born in Ger- 
many December 1, 1861. 



WILLIAM SCONCE has been in the retail coal business 
for four years at Crawfordsville, Indiana, and is the pro- 
prietor of the South Side Lumber & Coal Co. He formerly 
was with the Burnet-Lewis Lumber Co. of Indianapolis. He 
was born in Bartholomew County, Indiana, February 4, 1864. 

FINLEY T. SEMON, Vernon, Indiana, was born in Ripley 
County, Indiana, and has been in the coal business for the 
past fourteen years. 

FOREST SHACKELFORD, associated with Mark Shackel- 
ford in the ownership of the Ladoga Coal Co., Ladoga, In- 
diana, was born in Montgomery County in 1868. He has 
been in the coal business four years. 

MARK SHACKELFORD, associated with Forest Shackel- 
ford in the ownership of the Ladoga Coal Co., Ladoga, In- 
diana, was born in Montgomery County, Indiana, in 1865. 
He has been in the coal business four years. 

LYMAN E. SHAW is the Owner and Manager of the 
Bloomington Coal Co. at Bloomington, Indiana, and has 
been in the retail business for seven years. He "was born 
in 1869 in Indiana. Ray E. Fultz, his assistant, is now in 
the service of his country. 

WILLIAM R. SHAW is Manager of the Urmston Grain Co. 
at Orestes, Indiana, and has been connected with the coal 
business for fifteen years. He was formerly in business for 
himself. He was born September 1, 1874, at Orestes. 

SHAW & SHAW, Crawfordsville. Indiana, is composed of 
James O. and Melville F. Shaw, who have been in the re- 
tail coal business for twenty-one years. Both were born at 
Battle Ground. Indiana, the former in 1854 and the latter 
in 1856. 

IRVIN SHEAKS, Indiana Harbor, Indiana, has been in 
the retail coal business for five years. He was born at 
Walkerton, Indiana, October 8, 1879. 

DORA W. SHERRY is General Manager of W. H. Sherry 
& Son, coal merchants at Connersville, Indiana, and has 
been in the coal business eleven years. He is a member of 
the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Retail Coal Dealers' Association 
and the Indiana Retail Coal Merchants' Association. He 
was born March 18, 1878, at Connersville. 

J. E. SHIELDS, retail coal merchant at Hope, Indiana, has 
been in the business for about forty years. He was born in 
North Carolina in 1854. 

ANSON R. SHIREMAN, President and Manager of A. R. 
Shireman & Son, retail coal merchants at Martinsville, In- 
diana, has been in business forty years. He was born at 
Martinsville February 4, 1854. Howard F. Shireman, Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, was born November 15, 1881. 

GEORGE W. SHUPP, retail coal merchant at North Man- 
chester, Indiana, has been twenty-six years in the business, 
formerly with Young Shupp and S. P. Young. He was 
born at Bucyrus, Ohio. 

ROSCOE T. SIMMERS, junior partner of Beach & Simmers 
at Albany, Indiana, has been connected with the coal busi- 
ness for five years. He was born January 17, 1885, in Allen 
County, Indiana. 

EDWARD T. SLIDER, New Albany, Indiana, has been in 
the coal business, wholesale and retail, for twenty-eight 
years. He is also interested in a plant at Louisville, Ken- 
tucky. He was born March 4, 1866, at New Albany. Mr. 
Slider is one of the most successful of retail coal merchants. 

EPHRAIM K. SMITH, retail coal merchant at Middle- 
town, Indiana, has been in the business eleven years, for- 
merly with Daniels & Pickering Co. He was born near 
Newcastle, Indiana, June 5, 1875. 

O. O. SMITH, Richmond, Indiana, is Western Manager for 
the Bewley-Darst Coal Co. of Knoxville, Tennessee, and has 
been in the coal business fifteen years, formerly with the 
Marmet Coal Co. and the Chesapeake & Ohio Coal & Coke 
Co. He was born November 5, 1876, at Pomeroy, Ohio, and 
is widely known in the coal trade. 

W. B. SMITH, retail coal merchant at Jolietville. Indiana, 
has been in the business for eighteen years. He was born 
November 14, 1870, at Jolietville. 

WILLIAM M. SMITH, Manager for W. M. Smith & Co., 
Logansport, Indiana, has been fifteen years in the retail 
coal trade. He was born August 23, 1849, in Pulaski County, 
Indiana. 

WILLIAM SNAVELY, retail coal merchant at Syracuse, 
Indiana, has been in the business for sixteen years. He 
was born April 15, 1868, at Syracuse. 

MYRON B. SNYDER, Waynetown, Indiana, was born in 
Franklin County, Indiana, November 30, 1889, and has been 
engaged in the coal business for six years. 

GEORGE W. SPENCER is the owner of the G. W. Spencer 
Coal Co. at Garrett, Indiana, and has been in the retail busi- 
ness for nine years. He was born at Somerset, Ohio, June 8, 
1859. 



114 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



ri-:i(KY It. SPRAGEFB is Secretary, Treasurer and Man- 
ager of the Syracuse Lumber & Coal Co. at Syracuse, In- 
diana, having an Interest in the Home Lumber & Coal Co. 
at Buchanan, Michigan. He was formerly connected with 
tin- Terry-8prag"ue Co., and lias been in the business for 
eleven years. He was born at Fremont, Indiana, Decem- 
ber 11, 1870. 

LA KUY SPRING, South Bend, Indiana, is a traveling 
salesman for the Philadelphia & Heading Coal & Iron Co. 
and has been connected with the business for six years. He 
was born at Geneva, Ohio, June 1, 1876. 

\\ . D. SPRINGER, retail coal merchant at Foitville, Indi- 
an;'., lias been two year* In the business. 

PltVNK STAFFORD is a retail coal merchant at Bluffton, 
Indiana, and has been in the business for seven years. He 
was born June 7, 1879, in Wells County, Indiana. 

ELLSWORTH II. STUCK, Manager for E. B. Steck & Son, 
Muncie, Indiana, has been In the retail coal business for 
fifteen years. He was born at Newcastle, Indiana, August 
15, 1864. 

ll\\s ST01,I,KV, West Lebanon, Indiana, was born in 
Illinois January 5, 1871, and has been in the coal business 
for three years. 

KHVIX STICKY, Manager of the Berne Lumber Co. at 
Monroe, Indiana, has been six years in the retail coal busi- 
ness. He was born June 12, 1889, at Berne, Indiana. 

s\MUEL ('. STULTZ, Secretary Clinton Coal Co., Clinton, 
Indiana, has been connected with the coal business seventeen 
rears. He was born October 23, 1868, in Clinton and was 
formerly connected with the Massachusetts Mutual Life 
Insurance Co. 

ARTHUR G. TAYLOR, retail coal merchant at Creston, 
Indiana, has been in the business for fourteen years. He 
was born July 26. 1880, at Creston. 

A. O. TOWNSLEY, retail coal merchant at Burnetts Creek, 
Indiana, has been in the business for eleven years. He 
was born In Carroll County, Indiana, March 17, 1882. 

CHARLES ARTHUR TOWSLEY is Secretary, Treasurer 
and Manager of the Claypool Lumber & Coal Co. at Clay- 
pool, Indiana, and has been connected with the business 
for two years. He was born February 20, 1871, at White 
Pigeon, Michigan. 

CLARENCE F. TROYER is Manager of the Mlddlebury 
Grain Co. at Middlebury, Indiana, and has been connected 
with the business eight years. He was born in LaGrange 
County, Indiana, December 16, 1886. 

WILLIAM HENRY TUTHILL is a retail coal merchant at 
Crown Point, Indiana, who has been doing business for ten 
years. He was born at Crown Point, March 11, 1878. 

J. F. TWEEDY' has been in the retail coal business at 
Carthage, Indiana, for two years. He was born July 7, 
1866, In Rush County, Indiana. 

CHARLES HARRY' UHL, proprietor of the Independent 
Coal Co. at Logansport, Indiana, has been In the retail coal 
business four years. He was born February 25, 1875, In 
Logansport. 

JULIUS A. UNDERWOOD, Manager of the Jamestown 
Lumber Co. at Jamestown, Indiana, has been in the coal 
business for twenty-one years. He was born at Austin, 
Texas, November 16, 1875. 

i \ iiiii:ht M. VAN HART, Manager of L. M. Van Hart & 
Co., Connersville, Indiana, has been in the wholesale and 
retail coal business twenty-three years, formerly with the 
C. G. Blake Co. He is Secretary-Treasurer of Wolf Creek 
Coal Co. and of the Altro Coal Co., and Vice President of the 
Colvan Mining Co. He was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, July 
19, 1877. 

CHARLES W. VERNON, Anderson, Indiana, is the owner 
of the retail coal business of E. G. Vernon & Son and has 
carried it on since 1895. It was established in 1868 by E. 
G. Vernon. Charles W. Vernon was born at Anderson Aug- 
ust 2, 1872. 

JOSEPH L, VICKERY, retail coal merchant at Sheridan, 
Indiana, was born in Sheridan December 31, 1865, and has 
been in the business sixteen years. 

S. c. WALLACE is a partner In the coal firm of Wallace 
& Painter at IMwardsport, Indiana. He has been in the 
business for thirteen years, formerly with Ruby & Wallace. 
He was born In Orange County, Indiana. 



SAMUEL W. WALTS, General Manager of the River Coal 
& Supply Co., New Albany, Indiana, has been in the retail 
coal business for eleven years and is well known in the 
trade. 

ARTHUR D. WASMUTH, Manager for A. Wasmuth & Sons 
Co. at Andrews, Indiana, has been connected with the retail 
coal business for over twenty years. The company also 
operates a yard at Roanoke, Indiana. Mr. Wasmuth was 
born at Roanoke. 

CECIL C. WELLS, Manager of the Scottsburg Elevator 
at Scottsburg, Indiana, has been connected with the coal 
business for twenty-three years, formerly with the Scotts- 
burg Grain Exchange. He was born in Indiana Novem- 
ber 22, 1875. 

A. C. WILKERSON.. President and Manager of the Wllker- 
son Ice & Fuel Co. at Huntington, Indiana, has been in the 
retail business for eleven years. He was born in 1847 in 
Allen County, Indiana. 

JOHN T. WILSON is the proprietor of a retail coal busi- 
ness at Larwill, Indiana, and has conducted it for seventeen 
years. He was born at Larwill October 16, 1852, and was 
the first coal merchant in the town. 

HARRY D. WINNIE is Secretary-Treasurer of the Russia- 
ville Lumber & Coal Co. at Russiaville, Indiana, and has 
been connected with the company for six years. He re- 
ceived a commission August 15, 1917, at Fort Benjamin 
Harrison, as Lieutenant in the Officers - Reserve Corps. 

W. H. WINNIE is President of the Russiaville Lumber & 
Coal Co. at Russiaville, Indiana, and has been connected 
with the coal business over twenty years. He was formerly 
with the New Richmond Lumber Co., Stockwell Lumber Co. 
and the Sedalia Lumber & Coal Co. He was born at Jack- 
son, Michigan, May 2, 1863. 

"in i \ WOLF is Manager for J. G. Wolf & Sons, Marlon, 
Indiana, and has been connected with the coal business for 
fifteen years. He is a son of J. G. Wolf, formerly head of 
the firm, who died April 6, 1912. Orien Wolf was born In 
1869 at Morristown, Indiana. 

B. li. WOODS of Cicero, Indiana, is Secretary and Treas- 
urer of the Cicero Lumber Co. and has been eleven years 
in the retail coal business. He was born at Michigan City, 
Indiana, December 19, 1869. 

JOHN C. WHKiHT, Boonville, Indiana, has been connected 
with the coal industry for nineteen years, formerly as a 
miner. For six and a half years he was a mine inspector for 
the Indiana Industrial Board, but is at present employed as 
mine boss. He was born in Hamilton County. Illinois, No- 
vember 9, 1874. 

LEWIS S. WRIGHT is senior member and buyer of the 
firm of Wright & Niceum, retail coal merchants at Swayzee, 
Indiana, and has been in the business for eight years. He 
was born at Swayzee September 28, 1866. 

E. J. WYATT is President and Treasurer of the Wyatt 
Coal Co. at Auburn, Indiana, and has been connected with 
the retail trade for fifteen years, formerly with the firm 
of Wyatt & Baker. He was born April 26, 1862, In DeKalb 
County, Indiana. 

ARTHUR WYL1E, Manager of the Elwood Lumber Co. 
at Elwood, Indiana, has been in the retail coal business for 
sixteen years. He was born at Stellarton, Nova Scotia, 
November 13, 1874. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON YARNELLE, Manager of the 
Yarnelle Lumber & Coal Co., Wabash, Indiana, was born 
in Wabash, Indiana, August 5, 1889, and has been in the 
coal business for eleven years. 

FREDERICK J. YESBERA is the owner of the Yesbera 
Coal Co. at Auburn, Indiana, and has been in the business 
for about nine years. He was born at West Unity. Ohio, 
October 25. 1858. 

A. J. ZIMMERMAN, retail coal merchant at Remington, 
Indiana, was In the coal business fourteen years, recently 
selling out to the Citizens Coal & Ice Co., Ward Lewis, 
proprietor. Mr. Zimmerman was born In Woodford County, 
Illinois. April 22. 1852. 

W. PAUL ZIMMERMAN is President of the Zimmerman 
Coal Co. at Brazil, Indiana. He is also Secretary and Treas- 
urer of the Hall-Zimmerman Coal Co. Mr. Zimmerman 
has been In the coal business for over twenty years. He 
was born at Brazil September 14, 1874. 



115 



IOWA 



ALTHOUGH Iowa was among the earliest pioneer 
states in the production of coal west of the Mis- 
sissippi river, the ready absorption of its out- 
put by interests within its own borders and its geo- 
graphic location with respect to other coal producing 
areas have combined to localize its distribution to such 
an extent that only a very small percentage of its an- 
nual coal product reaches the general channels of in- 
terstate commercial fuel distribution. The wealth and 
resources of the state have made it a most tempting 
field to producers in other states and its ready accessi- 
bility from the point of view of transportation has drawn 
domestic coal from every major producing state east 
of the Mississippi, except Alabama, and from Colorado 
and Wyoming. At the same time the industrial de- 
mand has proven a strong attraction for Illinois and, 
to a lesser degree, Indiana and other states lying in 
proximity to the King of the Corn Belt. 

The Iowa coal fields, located in the central and south- 
ern portions of the state, form the northeastern section 
of the western interior coal region. The coal bearing 
area within the state covers approximately 20,000 
square miles, "of which 13,000 may be considered po- 
tentially productive under present conditions and con- 
siderably more in future periods when the fuel sup- 
plies of the world shall have suffered greater depletion." 
The coal measures of the state are separated into the 
Missouri and the Des Moines groups. The upper, or 
Missouri group, is of little present importance. The 
greater part of the coal production of the state comes 
from the lower part of the Des Moines group, where the 
beds average about five feet in thickness. Included in 
the Des Moines group is the well known Mystic or Cen- 
terville bed. With the exception of the Nodaway thin 
vein in Adams, Page and Taylor counties, which enjoys 
a local market of some value, the upper Missouri, or 
upper group, yields little coal of present-day impor- 
tance. 

"The more important producing areas of Iowa," says 
the United States Geological Survey, "are: (1) The 
northern, including Webster, Boone and neighboring 
counties, and yielding four per cent, of the total output ; 
(2) the north central, including Polk, Jasper and 
Dallas counties, and producing 29 per cent, of the out- 
put, chiefly from Dallas county; (3) the south central, 
including Marion, Mahaska, Monroe and adjacent coun- 



ties, and producing 43 per cent, of the total output ; (4) 
the southeastern, including Wapello, Van Buren, and 
adjacent counties, and yielding four per cent, of the 
total — in all of these areas practically all of the coal 
mined comes from the lower part of the Des Moines 
group; (5) the south central, including Appanoose and 
Wayne counties, and producing 19 per cent, of the 
state's total — the coal mined is from the Mystic or 
Centerville bed; (6) the southwestern, including 
Adams, Taylor and Page counties and yielding one-half 
of one per cent, of the total — this product is from the 
Nodaway bed of the Missouri group." 

The first record of Iowa production appears in the 
United States Census for 1840, when the state was cred- 
ited with a total output of 400 tons. With the excep- 
tion of an insignificant loss in 1860, the production 
showed a slow but steady increase until 1873 when the 
output had reached 336,000 tons. There was a jump to 
799,936 tons the following year and in 1875 the total 
was 1,231,547 tons. The record continued upon a 
fairly even tenor until 1881, when the output totaled 
1,960,000 tons. The next year saw a rapid increase, the 
tonnage being 3,920,000 tons. Production figures since 
that date are shown in the following table: . 



Year. Ton 

1883 4,457,540 

1884 4,370,566 

1885 4,012,575 

1886 4,315,779 

1887 4,473,828 

1888 4,952,440 

1889 4,095,358 

1890 4,021,739 

1891 3,825,495 

1892 3,918,491 

1893 3,972,229 

1894 3,967,253 

1895 4,156,074 

1896 3,954,028 

1897 4,611,865 

1898 4,618,842 

1899 5,177,479 



Year. Ton. 

1900 5,202,939 

1901 5,617,499 

1902 5,904,766 

1903 6,419,811 

1904 6,519,933 

1905 6,798,609 

1906 7,266,224 

1907 7,574,322 

1908 7,161,310 

1909 7,757,762 

1910 7,928,120 

1911 7,331,648 

1912 7,289,529 

1913 7,525,936 

1914 7,451,022 

1915 7,614,143 

1916 7,260,800 



The proximity of Iowa to the Illinois fields and its 
general accessibility, as before mentioned, to other pro- 
ducing areas to the east, and the coal producing states 
to the west and south on the one hand and the state and 
railroad market for the Iowa coal on the other, serve to 



116 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



confine the distribution of the Iowa product to outside 
markets to a limited area. In 1915 the railroads and 
Iowa users consumed approximately 95 per cent, of the 
total output, leaving only about five per cent, for ship- 
ment to markets into the six states bordering upon 
Iowa. In detail these distribution figures are as 
follows: Used in Iowa — Mines, 148,159; local, 502,- 
886; intrastate, 2,136,125; total, 2,78(5,570, or 37 per 
cent. Interstate— Illinois, 17.700; Kansas, 40,092; 
Minnesota. 12,557; Missouri. 174,164; Nebraska, 143,- 
108; South Dakota. 24,120; total, 411,741, or 5 per 
cent. Railroads, 4,415,832, or 58 per cent. Grand total, 
7,614,143. 

Iowa's per capita consumption is: Bituminous coal, 
2.83 tons; anthracite. .13 ton: total per capita, 2.96 
tons; consumption per square mile, 128 tons. 



During the year in question, 44.5 per cent, of the coal 
consumed in Iowa came from the neighboring state of 
Illinois. The 37 per cent, of the production used of 
Iowa coal within the state represented 40.6 per cent, of 
the coal fuel requirements of the state. Eleven states 
were called upon to contribute the remaining 18 per 
cent. In addition, 310,000 tons of Pennsylvania an- 
thracite were shipped into Iowa. The sources of supply 
called upon to meet the bituminous requirements to be 
as follows: Arkansas, 16,537 tons; Colorado, 12,660; 
Illinois, 3,053,413; Indiana, 149,046; Iowa, 2,786,570; 
Kentucky, 335,431; Maryland (includes Maryland-Ken- 
tucky consumption), 5,898; Missouri, 22,729; Ohio, 
1,666; Pennsylvania, 66,973; Virginia, 1,500; West 
Virginia, 159.444; Wyoming, 16,418; lake, 248,000; 
total, 6,876,285. 



117 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




IOWA 



ELMER A. BUTLER, Sioux City, Iowa, 

Proprietor of the Day Coal Co., Sioux City, Iowa, was born 
in Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin, January 25, 1863, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-six years. He was formerly 
connected with the firm of L. G. Everist for eleven years. 



H. E. HAAKINSON, Sioux City, Iowa, 

President of the H. E. Haakinson Coal 
Co., Sioux City, Iowa, was born in 
Christiania, Norway, April 5, 1861, and 
has been in the coal business for thir- 
teen years. He is a member of the Re- 
tail Coal Dealers' Association of Minne- 
apolis. 



W. W. ALBRIGHT, Lewis, Iowa, was born in Ohio in 1850. 
and has been in the coal business twenty-nine years. 

B. B. ANDERSON, Estherville, Iowa, was born in Wyom- 
ing County, New York, October 2, 1859, and has been in the 
coal business for himself for the past twenty-six years. 

WM. C. ARTHUR, Davenport, Iowa, who for the past 
twenty-five years has been a well known coal salesman in 
Iowa, was born in Pennsylvania, March 17, 1861. He has 
been connected with the Atlas Coal & Coke Co., The White- 
breast Fuel Co., Williams & Peters, Fowler & Wilson, Won- 
derland Coal Co., and Mitchell & Dillon Coal Co. During 
1917 he joined the sales force of the Lincoln Highway Tire 
Co. of Fulton, Illinois. 

T. I. BACHUS, Manager of The Eagle Lumber & Coal Co., 
Fayette, Iowa, was born at New Windsor, Illinois, February 
3, 1860, and has been in the coal business for twenty-six 
years. 

M. M. BARISH, Secretary and Treasurer Barish Bros. Coal 
Co., Sioux City, Iowa, was born in Russia July 25, 1887, and 
has been in the coal business for twelve years. E. Barish is 
President of this company. 

WALTER BARRON, Pit Foreman and part owner of the 
Hopkins Coal Co., Colfax, Iowa, has worked in different 
capacities in Iowa mines for thirty-six years. 

WILLIAM J. BECKWITH, Manager of Beckwith & Inglis, 
Wyoming, Iowa, was born in Delaware County, New York, 
June 1, 1868, and has been in the coal business for seven 
and a half years. He was formerly connected with the firm 
of Inglis Bros. 

W. M. BEGGS, Manager of the Beggs Coal Co., Mystic, 
Iowa, is a native of Scotland, having been born there Feb- 
ruary 21, 1867, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
four years. 

SMITH B. BELLAMY of the S. B. Bellamy Lumber Co., 
Nashua, Iowa, was born at Nashua, April 6, 1871, and has 
been in the coal business for himself for fourteen years and 
previous to that was associated with his father. His brother, 
J. B. Bellamy, has also been connected with them most of 
the time. 

GEO. H. BICKEL, member of the firm of Bruner & Bickel, 
Vinton, Iowa, was born in Norway, Iowa, November 18, 1884, 
and has been engaged in the coal business for eight years. 

W. H. BLAKE of Grout & Blake, Winterset, Iowa, was 
born at Cisnie, Illinois, January 6, 1881, and has been in the 
coal business for five years. 

W. H. BLAKELY, Norway, Iowa, was born in Wyoming, 
Iowa, July 10, 1869, and has been in the coal business for 
the past twenty-one years. 

FRED O. BLOCK, Secretary and General Manager of the 
W. G. Block Co., Muscatine, Iowa, was born in Muscatine, 
Iowa, and has been in the coal business for sixteen years, 
associated with his father, operating several successful 
yards in various cities. 

GEORGE H. BRUNER, member of the firm of Bruner & 
Bickel, Vinton, Iowa, was born in Lee County, Illinois, No- 
vember 26, 1875, and has been in the coal business for ten 
years. 

OSCAR F. BURKLAND, Creston, Iowa, was born in Lan- 
caster, Missouri, and has been in the coal business thirteen 
years, having been formerly connected with the Cline & 
Shaw Fuel Co., St. Louis Coal Co. and the Prairie Block Coal 
Co. 

JAMES CAMERON, Keokuk, Iowa, member of the firm of 
James Cameron Sons, is a native of Keokuk, and has been 
in the coal business for sixteen years. 

GEORGE CAPEL, Oskaloosa, Iowa, was born at Frost- 
burg, Maryland, December 19, 1877, and has been in the coal 
business thirteen years. He was formerly connected with 
Bennett & Capel and the Central Coal Co. 

CYRIL T. CARNEY, General Superintendent of the Wright 
Coal Co. and Scandia Coal Co. at Carney, Iowa, was born in 
Grinnell, Iowa, March 3, 1889, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for six years. He is also interested in the Carney Coal 
Co., Carney Cherokee Coal Co., The Saylor Coal Co. and John 
A. Logan Coal Co., and has served as a member of the 
Executive Board of Iowa Coal Operators' Association. 

KRIEGH GERALD CARNEY, Manager of The Saylor Coal 
Co., Carney, Iowa, was born in Grinnell, Iowa, February 23, 
1891, and has been in the coal business for the past six 
years. He is also interested in the Wright Coal Co. 

A. W. CARLSON, JR., Secretary and General Manager of 
the Dallas Coal Co., Des Moines, Iowa, was born at Des 
Moines, Iowa, May 8, 1884, and has been in the coal business 
for the past thirteen years, having formerly been connected 
with the Maple Block Coal Co., Delaware Coal Co. and Zim- 
belman Coal Co. 



118 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



\inill;KV C. CAVINESS, Manager of the Spahn & Rose 
Lumber Co., Afton, Iowa, was formerly In the coal business 
for three years at Fairfield, Iowa. He was born August 28, 
1892. 

CLARK E. CHALKKK, Clinton, Iowa, son of George N. 
Chalker, was born in Clinton, Iowa, July 1, 1873, and has 
been associated with his father for thirty-two years and 
has been managing the business during recent years. 

GEO. V. «'IIA1.KER. Clinton, Iowa, was born in Michigan 
July 14. 1842. and has been in the coal business thirty-three 
years. He has been a successful as well as one of the best 
known retail coal merchants in his section of the country. 

C. S. C'OLBI'HN, Manager of Colburn Bros., Waverly, Iowa, 
has been engaged in the coal business for four years. 

GEO. o. colli KN, Marshalltown, Iowa, was born in Mar- 
shalliowti December 3, 1875, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for thirteen years, succeeding the Brown Fuel & Lime 
Co. in 1910. 

ORRIN W. COLLINS. Ft. Dodge, Iowa, was born In Mus- 
catine. Iowa, December 4, 1882, and has been in the coal 
business for fifteen years. He is well and favorably known 
In the trade and was formerly connected with the Sam Mc- 
Clure Coal Co. for three years. 

CHAS. J. CONNELL, Secretary and Treasurer of the Con- 
nell-Cowan Lumber Co., Cedar Falls, Iowa, was born in 
Cedar Falls November 28, 1880, and has been in the retail 
coal business for the past six years. 

LANGDON J. CI'MMINIJS, Clinton, Iowa, was born in 
Caledonia County, Vermont, November 16, 1845, and has been 
in the retail coal business for thirty-one years, succeeding 
W. Q. Cummings, who died May 10, 1911. 

UII.I.IAM II. Cl'HNES of the Curnes Grain Co., Osceola, 
Iowa, is a native of Iowa, having been born there February 
11, 1867, and has been in the coal business for the past eight 
years. 

A. W. DAHL, Clinton, Iowa, was born in Denmark in the 
year 1868, and has been in the coal business for fourteen 
years. He has also taken an active part in civic affairs and 
has been Councilman in the Sixth, now serving his second 
term. He is Past President of the Lyons Commercial Club. 

C. II. DALBEY of F. Dalbey & Sons, Churdan, Iowa, was 
born in Olin. Iowa, September 18, 1886, and has been in the 
coal business for the past six years. 

J. K. DAI BEMIERGER, McGregor, Iowa, was born In 
McGregor, Iowa. March 3, 1862, and has been in the coal 
business for nineteen years. 

MAKK F. DERBY, President of The Derby Mills Co., Bur- 
lington, Iowa, was born in Burlington, Iowa, February 5, 
1852, and has had a successful career in the retail coal busi- 
ness for the past twenty-one years. 

NJBWTON M. DERBY, Secretary-Treasurer of The Derby 
Mills Co., Burlington, Iowa, was born in Burlington, Iowa, 
August 23. 1887, and has been in the retail coal business for 
the past thirteen years. 

WILLIAM HENRY DESSEL, Secretary, Treasurer and 
Manager of the Dessel Lumber Co., Holstein, Iowa, was 
born at Holstein, Iowa, September 14, 1887, and has been in 
the coal business for eight years. 

CLEMENT H. DEl'R. Missouri Valley, Iowa, was born in 
Onondaga County. New York, October 18, 1856, and has been 
in the coal business for thirty-eight years. 

D. J. KBEKHART. Newton. Iowa, was born at Catasauqua, 
Pennsylvania, January 29, 1853, and has been In the coal 
business for forty years. 

I. C. EDMONDS President of the Kdmonds-Londergan 
i'ii. Marcus, Iowa, was born at Clinton, Iowa, in 1878, and is 
Interested In yards at Matlock, Marcus, Edna, Hinton. 
Archer, Iowa, and Steen, Minnesota. He also owns three 
banks and a considerable amount of real estate. 

A. II. m \ H "*. owner and Manager of the A. H. Evans 
Co.. Keokuk. Iowa, was born In New Jersey August 28, 
1840. and has been in the coal business twenty-six years. 
Mr. Evans is one of the most favorably known retailers In 
his section. The firm was formerly The Chisholm & Evans 
Co., which was succeeded by himself, although there was no 
change in management. 

O. K. EVANS, Manager of the City Fuel Co., Clarinda. 
Inwa. was born at Huntsville, Missouri. July 28, 1889, and 
has been In the coal business thirteen years. He Is also 
interested in the Connelsvllle Coal & Mining Co., and was 
formerly connected with the Manufacturers Coal & Coke 
Co. He Is now in the service of his country. 

ISAAC EVA>s. President Blount-Evans Coal Mining Co., 
Des Moines, Iowa, was born In Llandovery, Wales, March 4, 
1854, and has been in the coal business twenty-eight years. 
The Binunt-Kvans Co. has been in the wholesale and retail 
coal business in Des Moines for twenty-eight years. Mr. 
Kvans was formerly connected with the Evans Coal Mining 
'■•. Iowa Coal Mining Co., West Riverside Coal Mining Co., 
and Center Coal & Mining Co. 



SARAH HARRIS EVANS. President of the Central Coal 
Co., Lockman, Iowa, was born In Pomeroy, Ohio, January 
31, 1870, and is the wife of T. L. Evans of the same com- 
pany. 

THOMAS LINCOLN EVANS. Secretary and Treasurer of 
the Central Coal Co., Lockman, Iowa, was born In Pomeroy, 
Ohio, April 14, 1865, and has been In the coal business for 
twenty-two years. He was formerly connected with the 
American Coal Co., Smoky Hollow Coal Co. and has been a 
member of the Iowa State Board of Mine Examiners. 

GEORGE J. FINCK, Branch Manager of the firm of Harris 
& Dillavou, Burlington, Iowa, was born at San Francisco, 
California, January 13, 1875. and has been In the coal busi- 
ness fifteen years. He was formerly with the Hosford Coal 
Co. and with James Frame at Burlington, and was located 
at Denver, Colorado, two years. He also is President of the 
Cave Coal Co. and a stockholder in the Modern Coal Co. 
at Sesser. Illinois. 

JOHN WESLEY FLEMING. Manager and Secretary of the 
Osceola Lumber Co., Osceola, Iowa, was born at Osceola, 
Iowa, February 23, 1870, and has been in the coal business 
for the past twenty-three years. He was formerly connected 
with W. B. Ballew Lumber Co. and Hawkeye Lumber Co. 

C. S. FOWLER of the Fowler Coal Co., Clinton, Iowa, was 
born at Sturgis, Michigan, March 17, 1890, and has been In 
the coal business for six years. He was formerly connected 
with the firm of Fenlon & Fowler. 

R. A. FRAZIER, Manager of R. A. Frazier & Son, Nevada, 
Colorado, and Morrison, Iowa, was born at Zanesville, Ohio, 
September 22, 1848, and has been in the coal business forty- 
four years, having been formerly connected with the firm 
of Walton & Frazier, Thomasboro, Illinois. 

GEORGE A. FRENCH of the George A. French Co., Chero- 
kee, Iowa, was born in Buchanan County, Iowa, March 17, 
1874, and has been in the coal business for thirteen years, 
having been formerly connected with the Western Elevator 
Co. 

AUGUST C. FREUND. Lowden, Iowa, principal of the firm 
of A. Freund & Co., was horn July 7, 1860, and has been in 
the retail coal business since 1883. 

OTIS ALBERT GABLE. Manager of John E. Gable & Co- 
Oxford Junction, Iowa, was born at Lost Nation, Iowa, June 
16, 1879, and has been In the coal business for twelve years. 

J. H. GILCHRIST of the Gilchrist Coal & Feed Co., Ames, 
Iowa, was born in Ames, Iowa, February 8, 1886. He has 
been in the coal business for seven years and was formerly 
with B. A. Lockwood Co., Des Moines, Iowa. 

FRANK LEE GITCHELL of Gitchell Bros., Arlington, 

Iowa, was born at Center Point, Iowa, May 24. 1870, and 

has been in the retail coal business for the past twenty- 
eight years. 

THOS. GORDEN of the Gorden-Elder Fuel Co., Mason 
City, Iowa, was born at Mt. Horeb, Wisconsin, November, 
1859, while his partner, G. N. Elder, was born in Blairsville, 
Pennsylvania. August 20, 1859. They are successors to the 
Wallace Williams Coal Co. 

J. T. GRANT, successor to C. A. Grant & Son, Rolfe, 
Iowa, was born In Gilman, Iowa, February 11, 1873, and has 
been in the coal business twenty-seven years. 

EDWARD M. GRAY, Vice President and Manager of the 
Des Moines Coal Co., Des Moines, Iowa, was born at Coal 
Valley. Illinois, August 31, 1866, and has been in the coal 
business forty-one years. He is also interested in the Des 
Moines Sand & Fuel Co. and was formerly associated with 
the Keystone Coal Co. He has served as Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Iowa Coal Operators' Association. 

GEORGE GREGORY. Marshalltown, Iowa, proprietor of 
the Gregory Coal, Coke & Lime Co., was born In Marshall 
County, Iowa, November 8, 1862, and has been In the coal 
business for thirty-six years. Mr. Gregory is one of the 
most prominent dealers in Iowa and has also been active In 
promoting every movement that was for the benefit of the 
coal trade or his city. He has also taken an interest In coal 
association affairs and was President of the Iowa and Ne- 
braska Coal Dealers' Association, also the Northwestern 
Retail Coal Dealers' Association. 

CHAS. E. GRIFFITH of Griffith Bros., Red Oak, Iowa, was 
born In Burlington, Iowa, In 1874, and has been in the coal 
business for fourteen years. 

WILLIS G. HASKELL. President of W. G. Haskell Co.. 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, was born In Iowa, June 5, 1857, and has 
been actively identified with the coal business for twenty- 
five years, being one of the best known coal men In the 
West. He has served as President of the Northwestern Coal 
Dealers' Association, Postmaster of Cedar Rapids, State Sen- 
ator, and In addition many other offices of honor in both the 
trade and community. 



119 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



FRED H. HENRY, Belle Plaine, Iowa, was born in Belle 
Plaine June 2, 1868, and has been in the coal business for 
the past thirteen years, being one of the best known retail- 
ers in that section. 

RALPH E. HOPKINS, General Manager of the Hopkins 
Coal Co., Colfax, Iowa, was born at Pueblo, Colorado, July 
27, 1881, and has been with the present company for the past 
four years. 

MELVILLE P. HUGHES, Clear Lake, Iowa, salesman for 
the Chicago, Wilmington & Franklin Coal Co., was born 
in Chicago, Illinois, September 4, 1891, and is a son of Wm. 
H. Hughes, one of the best known coal salesmen in the 
West. He has been in the coal business for the past seven 
years and formerly traveled for the Pittsburgh & Ashland 
Coal & Dock Co. and the Monon Coal Co. 

WILLIAM HENRY HUGHES, Des Moines. Iowa, Iowa rep- 
resentative of the Chicago, Wilmington & Franklin Coal Co., 
was born at Hamilton, Ontario, November 7, 1861, and has 
been in the coal business for twenty-five years. Mr. Hughes 
is one of the best and most favorably known coal salesmen 
in the Northwest and formerly represented the General Wil- 
mington Coal Co. and the Monon Coal Co. as Northwestern 
Sales Manager. 

W. B. INGVOLDSTAD, President of the Ingvoldstad Lum- 
ber Co., Inc., Decorah, Iowa, was born in Decorah, Iowa, 
June 21, 1875, and has been in the coal business for the past 
eleven years. 

HENRY C. JEFFERS of the City Fuel Co., Shenandoah, 
Iowa, was born in Ireland in 1850, and has been engaged in 
the coal business for fifteen years. 

LARS JOHNSON, Exline, Iowa, Manager of the Iowa Block 
Coal Co., was born in Sweden September 13, 1880, and has 
been in the coal business twelve years. He is also inter- 
ested in the Caldwell Coal Co. of Exline, Iowa. 

JOHN L. JONES, President of the Regal Coal Co., Oska- 
loosa, Iowa, was born in Wales June 1, 1872, and has been 
in the coal business eighteen years. He was formerly con- 
nected with the Lost Creek Fuel Co., The Fraker Coal Co., 
and the LaKonta Coal Co., and is also interested in the 
Sheriff Coal Co. 

V. V. KECK, Manager of the Citizens Lumber Co., Washta, 
Iowa, was born in Benton County, September 5, 1880, and 
has been in the coal business for sixteen years, also handling 
lumber and cement. 

EVAN H. KELLY, Secretary and Treasurer Kelly Lumber 
Co., Sigourney, Iowa, was born in Burlington, Iowa, March 
9, 1882, and has been in the coal business for ten years. Mr. 
Kelly was formerly connected with A. M. Neas & Son. 

ARCHIBALD C. KESSLER, Waterloo, Iowa, was born in 
Dodgeville, Wisconsin, March 14, 1876, and has been in the 
coal business for eleven years. Mr. Kessler is also Vice 
President of the Friend Lumber Co., Waverly, Iowa, and was 
formerly connected with C. W. Chapman Lumber Co., Cedar 
Falls, Iowa, for four years. 

C. E. KITTLESON, Manager of The Lumber & Grain Co., 
St. Ansgar, Iowa, was born at St. Ansgar, Iowa, December 5, 
1864, and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

HARRY H. KRUMMANN, President and General Manager 
of the Brown Coal Co., Sioux City, Iowa, was born in Sioux 
City, Iowa, February 17, 1872, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for sixteen years. Mr. Krummann was formerly en- 
gaged in the banking business for about twelve years. 

JOSEPH PERRY LANGPORD, Sales Manager of the W. G. 
Block Co., Cedar Rapids, Iowa, was born in Albany, Illinois, 
August 2, 1888, and has been in the coal business eleven 
years. He was formerly connected with the Purity Coal Co., 
Chicago, and is favorably known in that territory. Mr. 
Langford enlisted in the United States Navy May 15, 1918. 

T. W. LARGE, DeWitt, Iowa, was born at DeWitt, Iowa, 
March 7, 1866, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
five years. He was formerly connected with the firms of 
Small & Large and T. W. Large & Bro. 

WM. LINNEVOLD, Secretary and Manager of the Nordness 
Creamery Co., Decorah, Iowa, was born at Decorah, Iowa, 
December 13, 1876, and has been in the coal business for the 
past twenty-one years. 

WALTER A. LINTON, President and Manager of the Rose- 
land Fuel Co., Ottumwa, Iowa, was born at Ainsworth, Iowa, 
October 25, 1879, and has been in the coal business for six- 
teen years. Mr. Linton has taken an active interest in local 
coal associations, having held several offices, and has acted 
as a Director in the Northwestern Association. 

ROY G. LIVINGSTON, President and Manager of the Shen- 
andoah Fuel Co., Shenandoah, Iowa, was born in Alta, Illi- 
nois, July 31, 1880, and has been in the coal business for ten 
years. He was formerly connected with A. T. McMaster 
Coal Co., Peoria, Illinois. 



DAVID LODWICK, Secretary and Treasurer of the Dia- 
mond Block Coal Co., Mystic, Iowa, was born in Wales in 
1864, and has been in the coal business thirty years, asso- 
ciated with his brother. 

LEWELYN LODWICK, Diamond, Iowa, was born in Wales, 
August 20, 1856, and has been in the coal business for nearly 
thirty years. Mr. Lodwick is a well known Iowa operator 
and is President and Manager of the Appanoose Coal & Fuel 
Co., Diamond, Iowa, Treasurer of the Lodwick Bros. Coal 
Co., and President of the Winifred Coal Co., Mystic, Iowa. 

J. J. MATHEWS, Cherokee, Iowa, was born at Lyons, Iowa, 
December 17, 1862, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-six years. He is one of the best known retail coal 
merchants in his section of the state. 

FRANK AMBROSE McCOLE, Manager of the W. G. Block 
Co., Mason City, Iowa, was born at Chilton, Wisconsin, May 
11, 1880, and is one of the most active and popular coal 
salesmen in the Northwest. He formerly traveled in Iowa, 
representing the Johnston City Coal Co. and the Hart-Wil- 
liams Coal Co. 

JOHN H. McKLVEEN, Manager and partner in the firm of 
J. H. McKlveen & Co., Prairie City, Iowa, was born at Chari- 
ton, Iowa, September 10, 1887, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for eleven years. Samuel McKlveen, Chariton, Iowa, 
is also a partner and has been a retailer in Chariton for 
about twenty-six years. 

D. A. MILLER, Manager and Treasurer of the Milton 
Lumber Co., Milton, Iowa, was born in Milton June 3, 1872, 
and has been in the coal business nineteen years. 

THOMAS JAMES MULGREW, President and Manager of 
the Thomas J. Mulgrew Co., Dubuque, Iowa, was born in 
Dubuque May 8, 1867, and has been in the coal business 
thirty-one years. He started with Hansen & Linehan of 
Dubuque and has been in business for himself twenty-five 
years, and is one of the best known coal men in his section. 

HENRY W. NESLER, Manager of the Equity Shipping 
Association of Dyersville, Iowa, was born in New Vienna, 
Iowa, October 29, 1881, and has been in the coal business 
two years. 

BENJAMIN SEDGWICK NOBLE, Ida Grove, Iowa, was 
born in Iowa February 17, 1864, and was formerly connected 
with W. A. Noble & Co. He has been in the coal business 
for twenty-four years. 

CARL E. NORTON, Manager of the Farmers Elevator & 
Supply Co., Nora Springs, Iowa, was born at Waukon, Iowa, 
September 1, 1890, and has been in the coal business for the 
past six years. 

OAKES nuns, retail coal merchants of Iowa City, Iowa, 
is composed of John P. Oakes, who was born in Iowa City, 
Iowa, April 9, 1866, and Perry C. Oakes, born at Iowa City 
July 15, 1870. The firm has been in business fifteen years. 

THOMAS W. OAKES, partner in the firm of Smith & 
Oakes, Clinton, Iowa, was born in Ireland, December 25, 
1851, and has been in the coal business for fifty-two years, 
having been connected with several firms before organizing 
the present company. 

W. W. OLIVER, Secretary and General Manager of the 
Centerville Block Coal Co., Centerville, Iowa, was born at 
Crookham, England, October 30, 1843, and has been in the 
coal business for forty-three years. In 1880 he organized 
the Diamond Coal Co., which was consolidated in 1894 with 
the Centerville Coal Co., which was later merged into the 
present firm. 

EUGENE PAINE, Iowa City, Iowa, was born in Orange 
County, Vermont, March 6, 1839, and has been in the retail 
coal business for half a century. He opened a yard in Iowa 
City in 1868 on the present site of the Chicago, Burlington 
& Quincy Railroad's passenger station. He was a member 
of the Army of the Potomac 1861-1865. 

JOHN W. PLONALP, Storm Lake, Iowa, was born in In- 
diana in 1855, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
six years. He formerly was connected with Plonalp & Wil- 
son. 

LUCIUS RANDALL ROSEBROOK, Manager of the Excel- 
sior Coal Co., Oskaloosa, Iowa, is one of the pioneer coal 
men of Iowa. He was born at Lancaster, New Hampshire, 
March 7, 1848, and has been in the coal business for the past 
thirty-six years. During that time he has been identified 
with several leading companies and has made many friends 
throughout the trade. 

A. C. SAX, Bloomfield, Iowa, a member of the firm of Sax 
Bros., was born at Saratoga, New York, March 9, 1840. and 
has been in the retail coal business for the past ten years. 

F. A. SAX of Sax Bros., Bloomfield, Iowa, was born May 
30, 1875, in Iowa and has been in the coal business for ten 
years. 

GEORGE H. SAX of Sax Bros., Bloomfield, Iowa, was born 
October 16, 1877, in Iowa and has been in the coal business 
for ten years. 



120 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



H. H. SHERIFF of the Sheriff Coal Co.. Oskaloosa, Iowa, 
was born at Muscatine, Iowa, in 1861, and has been in the 
coal business for the past twenty-six years. He was one of 
the stockholders and directors of the Maple Coal Co., Oska- 
loosa, Iowa, and one of the stockholders and directors of 
the Greenridge Fuel Co. 

SAMUEL T. SLADE, Secretary of the Des Moines Coal Co., 
Des Moines, Iowa, was born at Alden, New York, in 1853, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty-one years. He 
was formerly connected with Saylor Coal Co., Scandla Coal 
Co. and the Maple Block Coal Co. 

CHAS. E. SMITH, Western Sales Manager of the Carter 
Coal Co., Marshailtown, Iowa, was born at Whitewater, Wis- 
consin, February 19, 1881, and has been in the coal business 
for sixteen years. He was formerly connected with the 
Gregory Coal, Coke & Lime Co. and the Clark Coal & Coke 
Co. of Peoria. 

EDGAR A. SMITH, junior partner of the firm of E. J. 
Smith & Son, Whiting, Iowa, was born in Iowa April 15, 
1869, and has been associated with his father, Edmund J. 
Smith, in the coal business for twenty-one years at Whit- 
ing, Iowa. 

EDMUND J. SMITH, senior partner of the firm of E. J. 
Smith & Son, Whiting, Iowa, was born in Wisconsin April 
27, 1844, and has been in the coal business for twenty-one 
years. He was formerly connected with the firms of Wil- 
liams & Peters, Reiss Coal Co., Peabody Coal Co., Bell & 
Zoller and Old Ben Corp. 

IRA HERBERT SMITH, member of the firm of Smith & 
Oakes. Clinton. Iowa, was born in Clinton January 23, 1863, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty-seven years. 
The firm is well and favorably known in the trade. 

EDWARD M. SOBODA of the Cedar Rapids Fuel Co., 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is a native of Chicago, Illinois, having 
been born there February 18, 1867. For seventeen years he 
has been connected with the E. E. Pinney Coal Co. 

E. A. TAPPAN, Belle Plaine, Iowa, was born in Tama 
County, Iowa, November 17, 1868, and has been in the coal 
and grain business for the past thirteen years. 

CHAS. E. TAYLOR, Manager of the Emmetsburg Coal & 
Supply Co., Emmetsburg, Iowa, was born in Wisconsin In 
1853, and has been in the coal business for fourteen years, 
being formerly connected with the firm of Moore Bros. 

T. W. TRIMBLE of Trimble & Van Reenen, Bedford, Iowa, 
is a native of Illinois and has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness for the past two years. 

JACOB JOHN VAN EIZENGA, Orange City, Iowa, was 
born in The Netherlands August 24, 1864, and has been In 
business for himself for the past three years. Previous to . 
that he was for twelve years with Van Pelt & Van Eizenga 
and seven years with F. M. Slagle & Co. 



GEO. F. 'WAGNER, Storm Lake, Iowa, was born at Cal- 
vary, Wisconsin, March 28, 1877, and has been engaged in 
the coal business for twenty-one years. 

FRANK J. WARD, Secretary and General Manager of the 
Eclipse Lumber Co., Clinton, Iowa, is a native of Iowa, hav- 
ing been born at Waukon. He has been engaged in the coal 
business for a period of twenty-one years. 

JAMES K. WEART, President of the Weart & Lysaght 
Co., Cherokee, Iowa, was born in Hopewell, New Jersey, May 
7, 1870, and has been connected with the coal business for 
twenty-four years, being widely known throughout the 
West. 

WALTER R. WEBB, President of Webb Bros. Co., Sioux 
City, Iowa, was born in Quebec, Canada, August 31, 1846, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty-nine years. 

WM. A. WHITING, Washington, Iowa, was born at Cale- 
donia, Illinois, August 3, 1860, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twenty years. He was formerly connected with 
Chas. Whiting, Roscoe, Illinois. 

GEORGE F. WICKHAM. Manager of the Fenlon-Wickham 
Coal Co., Council Bluffs, Iowa, was born at Council Bluffs, 
Iowa, July 23, 1877, and has been in the coal business for 
seventeen years. Mr. Wickham is one of the best known 
and most popular coal men in the Missouri River territory. 

R. W. WILLIS of the Citizens Coal Co., Mason City, Iowa, 
was born in Iowa and has been in the coal business for 
five years. 

NATTIE WILSON, LeClaire, Iowa, was born in LeClaire 
December 22. 1858, and has handled farm implements and 
hardware, adding coal some four years ago. 

W. W. WILSON, Washington, Iowa, was born at Washing- 
ton, Iowa, December 18, 1866, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness eleven years. 

H. M. YOUNG, member of the firm of Young Coal Co., 
Waterloo, Iowa, was born in Waterloo, Iowa, February 18, 
1888, and has been associated with his brother in this com- 
pany for five years. 

J. A. YOUNG of the Young Coal Co., Waterloo, Iowa, was 
born at Waterloo, Iowa, June 7, 1883, and has been engaged 
in the coal business for fourteen years. Mr. Young has been 
a Director In the Northwestern Coal Dealers' Association. 

EDGAR JONES VREELAND, Manager of the Coal Hill 
Coal Co., Des Moines, Iowa, is a native of Illinois, having 
been born in 1874, and has been in the coal business for the 
past eighteen years. 



121 



KANSAS 



KANSAS, from the point of view of production, 
ranks second of the three states underlaid with 
the coal measures of the western interior region 
and recent figures (1910) show that it is pressing Iowa 
closely for first honors in this field. Serious labor trou- 
bles during the past decade have operated to interfere 
seriously with the natural increase in production in 
Kansas, whereas the competing state of Iowa has been 
singularly free from prolonged shutdowns arising from 
that cause. 

The Kansas coal measures are in the eastern portion 
of the state and underlie approximately 20,000 square 
miles, 75 per cent, of which is estimated by the United 
States Geological Survey to be "probably more or less 
productive." There are three fields of major impor- 
tance. Cherokee and Crawford counties, in the south- 
eastern corner of the state, constitute the most impor- 
tant district. The coal in this field varies from three 
to 10 feet, with an average thickness of 40 to 42 inches. 
The output of these two counties represents over 90 
per cent, of the total production of the state. 

The second field of major commercial importance is 
in the northeastern part of the state adjacent to Leav- 
enworth and Atchison. This is the only district in 
which deep mining is carried on in the western interior 
coal region. Shafts in this field are sunk to depths of 
from 700 to 1,150 feet. Production in the Leaven- 
worth-Atchison district represents approximately six per 
cent, of the total output of the state. The third field 
of note is the Osage in Osage and adjacent counties. 
This bed, lying stratigraphically 2,000 feet above the 
Cherokee coal, has a vein 20 to 22 inches thick and 
yields approximately three per cent, of the total output 
for the state. Although all of the production in the 
Leavenworth-Atchison district is credited to Kansas, 
the workings at Leavenworth extend under the Mis- 
souri river into Missouri and it is estimated that 75 
per cent, of the coal hoisted at the Leavenworth tip- 
ples is actually mined in Platte county, Missouri. 

Kansas made its entrance into the ranks of coal pro- 
ducing states in 1869, when its output totaled 36,891 
tons. Actual production statistics between 1870 and 
1880 have not been published, but the reports as gath- 



Year. Ton. 

1900 4,467,870 

1901 4,900,528 

1902 5,266,065 

1903 5,839,976 

1904 6,333,307 

1905 6,423,979 

1906 6,024,775 

1907 7,322,449 

1908 6,245,508 

1909 6,986,478 

1910 4,921,451 

1911 6,178,728 

1912 6,986,182 

1913 7,202,210 

1914 6,860,988 

1915 6,824,474 

1916 6,881,455 



ered by the United States Geological Survey since 1882 
show the following yearly output: 

Year. Ton. 

1882 .750,000 

1883 900,000 

1884 1,100,000 

1885 1,212,057 

1886 1,400,000 

1887 1,596,879 

1888 1,850,000 

1889 2,221,043 

1890 2,259,922 

1891 2,716,705 

1892 3,007,276 

1893 2,652,546 

1894 3,388,251 

1895 2,926,870 

1896 2,884,801 

1897 3,054,012 

1898 3,406,555 

1899 3,852,267 

In 1915 46 per cent, of the total production was used 
by the rail carriers. Approximately 28 per cent, of the 
production, or over 59 per cent, of the consuming 
requirements of the state was used locally. Four neigh- 
boring states took 26 per cent. In detail the distribu- 
tion was as follows: Used in Kansas — Mines, 184,071; 
local, 105,531; Kansas. 1,591,123: total, 1,879,725, or 
28 per cent. Interstate — Arkansas. 13,669 ; Missouri, 
986,480; Nebraska, 774^37; Oklahoma, 75,162; total, 
1,790,248, or 26 per cent: railroads, 3,154,501, or 46 
per cent. ; total, 6,824,474. 

The per capita consumption of bituminous coal for 
the year was 1.65 tons; anthracite, .01 ton; total, 1.66 
tons. Upon a square mile basis the figure was 39 tons. 
Some coal from the strip pit fuel of the Cherokee- 
Crawford field is in demand by the zinc smelting inter- 
ests about Pittsburg because of its non-coking quali- 
ties. A small portion of the shaft mine coal has been 
manufactured into coke for use at local smelters. In 
detail the fuel requirements and sources of supply are 
as follows: Arkansas, 114,812; Colorado, 340,779; 
Illinois, 414,467; Indiana, 149: Iowa, 40,092; Kansas, 
1,879,725; Kentucky, 54,871; Missouri, 167,483; New 
Mexico, 98,103; Oklahoma, 12,038; Pennsylvania, 
1,333; West Virginia, 390; Wyoming, 38,540; total, 
3,162,782; Pennsylvania anthracite, 25,000; grand to- 
tal. 3.187,782. 



122 



COM. MKX OF AMKRICA 





mi i n i K II. FHESCH, Pittsburg, Kansas, 
General Manager, Secretary and Treasurer of the J. J. 
Stephenson Coal Co., Pittsburg, Kansas, was born In 
Cherokee County, Kansas, November 6, 1880, and has been 
in the coal business for nineteen years. He Is also Inter- 
ested in the Pittsburg-Scammon Coal Co., of which he is 
Secretary and Treasurer, and the J. J. Stephenson & Son 
Coal Mining Co., of which he is Secretary. He was for- 
merly with the Central Coal & Coke Co., Wear Coal Co., 
and is a member of the Southwestern Interstate Coal 
Operators' Association and Kansas Employees Association. 



JAMES HAMILTON, Weir, Kansas, 

President and Treasurer of the Hamilton Coal & Mercantile 
Co., was born in Beith, Scotland, March 5, 1864, and has been 
in the coal business thirty-eight years. This firm is the 
oldest coal producer in Kansas, having been organized by 
William Hamilton, father of James Hamilton, forty years 
ago. Mr. Hamilton is also President of the Southern Kansas 
Coal Co. He was previously connected with the Hamilton & 
Braidwood Coal Co. and at one time was Superintendent of 
the Kansas state mines at I>ansing. He has an individual 
membership in the Chamber of Commerce of the United 
States of America. 



KANSAS 



B. D. BENNETT, Ottawa, Kansas, was born in the state 
of Illinois April 11, 1861, and has been in the coal business 
twenty-six years. 

O. S. CIMMIXGS, Manager of the Florence Grain & Coal 
Co., Florence, Kansas, was born in Lyndon, Kansas, 
February 11, 1889, and has been in the coal business for 
six years. He was formerly connected with the Aves 
Lumber & Coal Co., Florence, Kansas. 

FLOYD E. DOIBLEDAY, Owner and Manager of the 
Doubleday Coal Co., Pittsburg, Kansas, was born In Penn 
Y'an, New York, June 23, 1859, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-six years. He was formerly connected 
with the Oswego Coal Co., Rogers Coal Co., Kansas & 
Texas Coal Co. and Central Coal & Coke Co. 

(aiLFOKU DUDLEY, President of the McCleery-Dudley 
Lumber Co., Topeka, Kansas, was born In Topeka, Kansas, 
February 9, 1879, and has been In the coal business for three 
and a half years. 

T. P. FAIK of the T. P. Fair Lumber Co., Great Bend, 
Kansas, wai born In Pennsylvania August 11, 1837, and 
was engaged In the coal business for thirty-five years. 
II. u:is formerly I mimbir of the firm of Edwards * Fair 
for thirty years and for five years prior to his death in 
1916 was located at Great Bend with the company bearing 
his name. 

J. D. FELL, Manager of the Chicago Lumber & Coal Co., 
Concordia. Kansas, was born in Prescott, Ontario, January 
», 1861, and has been In the coal business for thirty-three 
lie was formerly connected with Howell Bros. 

B. E. I'Hl/./.l'.l.l. of the firm of Frlzzell & Smith, Halstead, 
Kansas, has been engaged In the coal business for six 
years. 

A. M. GKIPFF.TH, Manager of the Barnard Lumber Co., 
Barnard, Kansas, was born in the state of Illinois, Septem- 
ber 19, 1859, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
one years. He was formerly connected with Baker Bros. 
Lumber Co. 

F. HAVKHASiN, Manager of the Treat & Shaffer Co., 
Hays. Kansas, has been in the coal business for thirty-six 
years. • ■ 



WILLIAM \. HAWLKY of the Hawley Lumber Co., 
Herington, Kansas, was born at Pekin, Illinois, August 26, 
1859, and has been in the coal business for twenty-six years. 

E. F. HENNEY, Horton, Kansas, was born in Dover, 
Illinois, November 7, 1862, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-two years. 

ADOLPH HIMBIRG, Bison, Kansas, Manager of The 
Humburg Lumber Co., was born at Hermann, Missouri, 
November 27, 1886, and has been in the coal business for 
thirteen years. 

CASSIITS MONT JACKSON of the Southwestern Coal Co., 
Wichita, Kansas, was born at Clyde, Kansas, April 9. 1883. 
and has been in the coal business for six years. He was 
formerly with the Swastika Fuel Co. The Southwestern 
Coal Co. maintains division offices at Wichita. Dallas, Mc- 
Alester, Hastings, and Amarlllo. 

LEO G. JOHNSON, Superintendent The Western Fuel Co., 
Osage City, Kansas, was born in Osage City, Kansas, 
August 14, 1891, and has been In the coal business for six 
years. He Is a member of the General Scale Committee of 
South Western Interstate Coal Operators' Association. 

HUGH I, \ u ion of the Central Coal & Material Co., To- 
peka, Kansas, was born In Wakarusa, Kansas, April 9, 1864, 
and has been in the coal business for five years. 

RALPH J. LAWRENCE. General Manager of the Carney- 
Cherokee Coal Co., Pittsburg, Kansas, was born at Fair- 
view, Pennsylvania, November 13, 1877, and has been In the 
coal business for six years. He formerly was connected 
with the Carney Coal Co. 

HENRY E. LEONHORDT, General Manager and Treas- 
urer of the Kiowa Lumber Co., Kiowa, Kansas, was born 
in Germany' August 21. 1881. and has been In the coal 
business for sixteen years. He was formerly connected 
with the J. W. Metz Lumber Co. 

THOMAS J. MACREDIE, Clearwater, Kansas, was born 
in Scotland, April 18, 1843, and has been in the coal business 
for thirty-four years. 

J. T. MARTIN, La Cygne, Kansas, was born In England 
November 6, 1842, and has been In the coal business for 
about twenty-one years. Mr. Martin Is the owner of the 
Martin coal mine. 



123 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOHN McALEER, Wichita, Kansas, salesman for the West- 
ern Coal & Mining- Co., Kansas City, Missouri, was born in 
Providence, Rhode Island, June 24, 1870, and has been in the 
coal business twenty-five years. He was formerly connected 
with the South Omaha Ice & Coal Co., Bolen Coal Co., Cen- 
tral Coal & Coke Co,, the Fidelity Coal & Mining Co., and 
Mackie-Clemens Fuel Co., making his headquarters at 
Wichita, Kansas, for twenty-three years and covering Ne- 
braska, Southwestern Missouri, Oklahoma and Kansas. He 
is well known throughout the trade. 

HENRY L. McCURDY, Stafford, Kansas, was born in Inde- 
pendence, Missouri, November 3, 1861, and has been in the 
coal business covering a period of eighteen years. 

GEO. T. MeGRATH, President of the Geo. T. McGrath 
Coal Co., Pittsburg, Kansas, was born in the state of 
Pennsylvania in the year 1860 and has been in the coal 
business thirty-six years. He was formerly connected with 
the Central Coal & Coke Co. of Kansas City. Mr. 
McGrath has acted as State Mine Inspector and has filled 
many positions of trust and has done much to build up 
the mining industry, and while in the State Legislature 
used his influence to help enact safety mining laws. He is 
a well-known and highly respected citizen in the com- 
munity as well as throughout the trade. 

GEO. C. MOSES of Geo. C. Moses & Son. Junction City, 
Kansas, was born at Canton Center, Connecticut, November 
29, 1856, and has been in the coal business about twenty- 
six years. 

J. P. J. NELSON, Scott City, Kansas, was born at Lake 
Geneva, Wisconsin, June 27, 1848, and has been in the coal 
business for eighteen years at Scott City, Kansas. 

E. NETTLEBLADE of the Black Diamond Coal Co.. 
Osage City, Kansas, was born in Sweden, September 19, 
1870, and has been in the coal business for nineteen years. 

PRANK C. NICHOLS, Secretary-Treasurer of the Nevius 
Coal Co., Pittsburg, Kansas, was born in Emporia, Kansas, 
December 28, 1S77, and has been in the coal business twenty- 
one years. He was formerly connected with the Kansas & 
Texas Coal Co. 

JACK W. NICHOLSON of the firm of Nicholson Bros., 
Ellis, Kansas, was born at Ellis, Kansas, July 18, 1887. This 
firm has been in the coal business for thirty-six years. 

RALPH A. NICHOLSON, member of the firm of Nicholson 
Bros., Ellis, Kansas, was born in Ellis, Kansas, November 
13, 1888, and with his brother, Jack W. Nicholson, owns 
the firm of Nicholson Bros. 

A. F. NIEMOLLER, Manager of H. Niemoller & Sons, 
Wakefield, Kansas, was born in Holland, Dubois County, In- 
diana, June 17, 1868, and has been in the coal business for 
thirteen years. 

JAMES S. PATTON, President of the Patton Coal & 

Mining Co., Frontenac, Kansas, was born in Livonia, 

Indiana, December 22, 1863, and has been In the coal 
business for twenty-one years. 

HERMAN LOUIS POPPMEYER of the Topeka Coal Co., 
Topeka, Kansas, was born in Topeka, Kansas, July 20, 1874, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty years. 

WALTER S. HANDLE of W. S. Randle & Son, Hutchinson, 
Kansas, was born in Illinois in May, 1857, and has been in 
the coal business thirty-one years. He acted as Treasurer 
and member of the Executive Committee of the Kansas and 
Missouri Association. Frank S. Randle, a son. is Manager 
of the company. 

JOHN H. RUST, Altamont, Kansas, was born in Cam- 
bridgeshire, England, December 19, 1851, and has been in 
the coal business thirty-three years. 

LEWIS S. SCHWAB, President Weir Junction Coal Co., 
Cherokee, Kansas, was born in Henry County, Illinois, June 
27, 1876, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
two years. 

E. B. SHAFFER, Madison, Kansas, was born in Sedgwick, 
Kansas, March 2, 1879, and has been in the retail coal 
business for nine years. 

CHARLES E. SHAW, Salina, Kansas, was born in Owego, 
New York, June 3, 1853, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-four years. 

DON I. SHEPHERD, St. John, Kansas, was born in St. 
John, Kansas, in August, 1887, and has been in the coal 
business for ten years. 

JAMES C. SHIMER, Manager of J. C. Shimer & Son, 
Topeka, Kansas, was born at Indianapolis, Indiana, Septem- 
ber 26, 1864, and has been in the coal business for thirty-one 
years. He was formerly connected with McNeely & Shimer 
for a year. 



BOYD V. SLOAN, Hiawatha, Kansas, was born at Huron, 
Kansas, August 29, 1876, and has been engaged in the coal 
business for seven years. 

C. A. SMITH, partner in the firm of Frizzell & Smith, Hal- 
stead, Kansas, has been in the coal business for about six 
years, associated with B. E. Frizzell. 

CHARLES FRANCIS SPENCER, President of the Pitts- 
burg & Midway Coal Mining Co., Pittsburg, Kansas, and the 
Spencer-Newlands Coal Co., operating in Mulberry, Kansas, 
also General Manager of the Columbus Coal Co., of Colum- 
bus, Kansas, was born in Columbus in 1873, and has been in 
the coal business twenty-six years. 

CHARLES EDMUND STEVENS, Junction City, Kansas, 
was born in Madison County, Illinois, September 21, 1872, 
and has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

N. O. SWANSON, Vice President and General Manager of 
the Leidigh & Havens Lumber Co., Kansas City, Missouri, 
was born at Stanton, Iowa, September 7, 1878, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-one years. 

CHARLES F. TULLOCH, junior member of the firm of 
Tulloch Coal Co., Topeka, Kansas, was born in Westphalia, 
Kansas, October 29, 1889, and has been in the coal business 
for ten years, associated with his father, John C. Tulloch. 

JOHN C. TULLOCH of the Tulloch Coal Co., Topeka, Kan- 
sas, was born in Iowa in 1859. and has been in the coal 
business for about twenty-eight years.. He previously was 
with the firms of Webster-Tulloch Co. and the Green Coal 
Co. 

J. H. TURNER, Wichita, Kansas, was born in Norwich, 
England, in the year 1876, and has been in the coal business 
for sixteen years. 

CLIFFORD W. WATERMAN, President and General 
Manager The Barton Ridge Coal Co., Mulberry, Kansas, 
was born in Mulberry, Kansas, February 12, 1878, and has 
been in the coal business for nineteen years. He was 
formerly connected with the Western Coal Mining Co., The 
Fleming Coal Co., and branches of the Fleming Coal Co. 

N. O. WAYMIRE, Garfield, Kansas, was born at Saybrook, 
Ohio, September 20, 1849, and was in the coal business for 
about eleven years. For several years he served in the 
capacity of Director in the Missouri and Kansas Coal Deal- 
ers' Association. Mr. Waymire has now retired from active 
business. 

JOHN WEBER, General Manager of the retail yards of 
Weber & Co., Salina, Kansas, was born at Dubuque, Iowa, 
December 10, 1877, and has been in the coal business for 
sixteen years. He was formerly connected with the Weber 
& Peirano Co. and is now President of the Kansas Retail 
Coal Dealers' Association. 

JAS. B. WELCH of J. Welch & Sons, Leavenworth, 
Kansas, was born in Leavenworth, Kansas, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-two years. Mr. Welch is 
a well-known coal merchant in Leavenworth and vicinity. 

WALTER W. WESSEN of the Wessen Coal Co., Topeka, 
Kansas, was born in Topeka. Kansas, August 22, 1880, and 
has been engaged in the coal business for four years. He 
was previously connected with the A. F. Wessen Coal Co., 
and has also acted as Secretary-Treasurer of the Topeka 
Coal Dealers' Association. 

JOHN U. WHILLANS, Manager of Whillans & Co., Linds- 
borg, Kansas, was born in Wisconsin, August 1, 1859, and 
has been in the coal business for eleven years. 

JAMES HUFFORD WOLFE, Lewis, Kansas, was born in 
Fremont, Ohio, October 31, 1863, and was engaged in the 
coal business for fourteen years. His death occurred March 
29, 1917. For a period of two years James R. Wolfe, a son, 
was associated with his father in the coal business. 

CHAS. A. WRIGHT, Atchison, Kansas, has been engaged 
in the coal business for twenty-five years. 

HARRY W. YOUNG, Manager of Young & Sons, Hutchin- 
son, Kansas, was born at Moulton, Iowa, October 12, 1883, 
and has been in the coal business for nineteen years. 

H. H. ZIEGENBUSCH, member of the firm of Edwards & 
Ziegenbusch, Ellinwood, Kansas, was born at Ellinwood, 
Kansas, in the year 1878. W. R. Edwards and B. K. Ed- 
wards are also members of this company, which succeeded 
the old firm of Edwards & Fair. 

CLAYTON M. ZIMMERMAN, Newton, Kansas, was born 
in Newton, Kansas, in the year 1882, and has been in the 
coal business for thirteen years. He was formerly con- 
nected with M. M. Zimmerman Coal Co. 



124 



KENTUCKY 



WHILE Kentucky was among the first states to 
enter the American coal producing ranks, it 
is during the last decade that it has made its 
most marked strides. From 1906 to 1916 its total out- 
put rose from 9,653,647 to 25,393,997 tons. While, 
from a tonnage point of view, this is exceeded by certain 
of the larger coal producing regions, measured upon a 
percentage basis, the increase of over 260 per cent, 
establishes a record approached by no other state. In 
fact, during the same period but three other states, 
North Dakota, Utah and Virginia, were able to double 
their production and the increases in the states just 
named, both from the percentage and from the actual 
tonnage basis, do not begin to measure up with the 
Kentucky achievements. 

From the point of view of the annual wealth con- 
tributed by Mother Earth to Kentucky's material ad- 
vancement and prosperity, coal is outranked only by 
tobacco. While from a monetary point of view the value 
of the coal production in 1915 was only 77 per cent, of 
that of the tobacco crop, the real significance of the 
contribution made by coal appears when it is shown 
that the per ton value of the fuel was only a fraction 
over $1, while that of the tobacco was slightly under 
$156. 

Even this record, remarkable as it might seem to the 
outsider who has not fully appreciated the major part 
played by the coal industry in upbuilding the commer- 
cial greatness that has made the United States the lead- 
ing nation of the world, does not tell the entire tale. 
The wonderful strides made during the past decade do 
not mark the zenith or begin to approach it of the coal 
possibilities of the Blue Grass State. The great eastern 
field, which has been the scene of the greatest commer- 
cial activities •during the past seven years, still awans 
expanded transportation facilities to fully test its values. 
Greater plans for the further early exploitation of the 
coal resources of Kentucky are under way than in any 
other state east of the Mississippi river. During the 
first quarter of 1918 announcement was made of the 
purchase of 25,000 acres of undeveloped lands in the 
state and a few days after this news had been made 
public, the further announcement was made that other 
interests were planning large expenditures for the im- 
mediate development of another tract of 30,000 acres. 

Geologically speaking Kentucky is unique. It is the 



only state in the Union "which has within its borders 
areas belonging to any two of the great coal fields." 
The eastern field, which has been the scene of the great- 
est exploitation during the past ten years, is underlaid 
with the coal measures of the great Appalachian region. 
The western field forms the southeastern part of the 
eastern interior coal basin of Illinois, Indiana and west- 
ern Kentucky. The coal-bearing areas of this part of 
the state are estimated to contain 6,400 square miles, 
while those of the eastern field are estimated to contain 
10,270 square miles. The chief characteristics of the 
two fields are thus described by the Geological Survey: 

"From a practical standpoint, the eastern Kentucky 
coal field is a unit, unless the Middlesboro-Harlan field, 
cut off by the Pine Mountain fault, be excepted. The 
coals belong to the Allegheny formation and to the 
Pottsville group. The Pottsville, which at the Ohio 
river has a thickness of only a few hundred feet and 
carries five coals, is in the southeastern corner of the 
state, about 5,000 feet thick and carries nearly 50 coals, 
of which a dozen or more are locally of workable thick- 
ness and quality. The eastern Kentucky coals are most- 
ly high-grade gas or coking coals, with some cannel 
coal. In the Jellico coal field, the Jellico and the Blue 
Gem beds are both thin, the latter being successfully 
mined where averaging only 22 inches. On the other 
hand some of the beds show eight and nine feet or more 
of workable coal. 

"The workable part of the western district of Ken- 
tucky is confined for the most part to two beds, desig- 
nated as Nos. 9 and 11 by the Geographical Survey of 
Kentucky. Of these No. 9 (equivalent to No. 5 of the 
Illinois field) is the more persistent and furnishes prob- 
ably 75 per cent, or more of the total production of the 
western counties of the state. It underlies the whole 
or portions of eight counties, including all of the field 
except its eastern portion and the southern or south- 
western edge and a few other places where it has been 
cut out by irregularities in the structure which near the 
west and south borders of the field is seriously affected 
by faults. The bed has an average thickness of about 
five feet and only rarely thickens out to more than five 
feet six inches or thins down to less than four feet six 
inches. Over a broad zone it lies within 300 feet below 
the surface and the mining is done by shaft. Bed No. 
11 lies from 40 to 100 feet above No. 9 and is the next 



125 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



important bod in western Kentucky. It is much more 
regular than No. 9, but usually where worked has a 
thickness of six feet or over. Another bed lying about 
25 feet above No. 11 is known as No. 12. It is mined 
in Webster, Hopkins, McLean and Muhlenberg coun- 
ties. In the central portion of this field this bed attains 
a thickness of from three to six feet. Other beds be- 
sides these three are mined at several localities in the 
district, notably what is supposed to be No. 6 and also 
No. 5." 

The earliest records of Kentucky production date 
back to 1827 and state that coal was mined "on the 
right side of the Cumberland river below the mouth 
of Laurel." While the exact location of this operation 
is not known, it was evidently in either Laurel or 
Pulaski counties in the eastern field. A report of the 
State Geological Survey, published in 1838, also is 
authority for the statement that these mines shipped 
five boat loads of coal to Nashville in 1828 and prob- 
ably from 25 to 35 boat loads per annum between 1829 
and 1834. Between 1834 and 1837 shipments ran be- 
tween 75 to 100 boat loads, "or about 3,500 bushels a 
year. The coal was for the most part consumed in the 
salt works and iron furnaces convenient to the rivers, 
the only means of transportation." During the early 
period under review the production, according to esti- 
mates based upon available data, ranged from 2,000 to 
10,000 tons. The 1840 Census placed the output for 
that year at 23,527 tons. The next authentic figure ap- 
pears in the Census for 1860, when production had 
reached 285,760 tons. Ten years later the after-effects 
of the Civil War were reflected in the drop to 150,582 
tons, but by 1880 the output was approaching the 
1,000,000-ton mark, the actual figures being 946,288 
tons. Production since that date is shown in detail in 
the following table: 



Year. Ton. 

1881 1,232,000 

1882 1,300,000 

1883 1,650,000 

1884 1,550,000 

1885 1,600,000 

1886 1,550,000 

1887 1,933,185 

1888 2,570,000 

1889 2,399,755 

1890 2,701,496 

1891 2,916,069 

1892 3,025,313 

1893 3,007,179 

1894 3,111,192 

1895 3,357,770 

1896 3,333,478 

1897 3,602,097 

1898 3,887,908 



Year. Ton. 

1899 4,607,255 

1900 5,328,964 

1901 5,469,986 

1902 6,766,984 

1903 7,538,032 

1904 7,576,482 

1905 8,432,523 

1906 9,653,647 

1907 10,753,124 

1908 10,246,553 

1909 10,697,384 

1910 14,623,319 

1911 14,049,703 

1912 16,490,521 

1913 19,616,600 

1914 20,382,763 

1915 21,361,674 

1916 25,393,997 



The diversified uses to which the product of the Ken- 
tucky mines may be put has given the producers of the 
state a wide market for the distribution of their output. 
Despite the fact that Kentucky coals are welcomed in 



over half the states of the Union, next to the total of 
the other states, the home territory remains the second 
largest customer, using 21 per cent, of the total output. 
This home consumption satisfies over 85 per cent, of the 
bituminous coal requirements of the commonwealth. 
The railroads absorb 22 per cent, of the production. 
Shipments to the Great Lakes, which accounted for only 
three per cent, of the output in 1915, have been and are 
a growing factor in the marketing of the coal from the 
southeastern field. 

Tn the interstate distribution "the best developed 
markets for the coal from western Kentucky are to the 
south and southwest, particularly in the Mississippi 
Valley," but recent changes in the currents of coal 
traffic have also permitted a heavier movement north- 
bound to Chicago territory and operators in the west- 
ern Kentucky field have been contending for a readjust- 
ment of rates, which they claim would permit a wider 
distribution of coal from their field into northern and 
northwestern territory. Into these markets the eastern 
field has been a shipper of importance, the movement 
at and through Chicago during the calendar year of 
1915 alone amounting to 1,738,915 tons, against 760,- 
108 tons in 1914. In 1916 this particular movement 
had risen to 2,513,403 tons, an increase of over 230 per 
cent, over 1914, and it was only persistent car shortages 
and embargoes that interfered with the march of prog- 
ress in 1917. In detail, the distribution of the product 
of the state as a whole for 1915 is shown in the table 
following. During that particular year about 65 per 
cent, of the production of the state was from the eastern 
field, which first exceeded the western field in total 
production in 1911 : 

Used in Kentucky: Ton. 

Used at mines 495,313 

Sold to local trade 586,864 

Made into coke at mines 458,105 

Shipped to Kentucky points 2,888,773 

Total used in Kentucky 4,429,055 

Shipped to other States: 

Alabama 86,966 

Arkansas 56,913 

Florida 17,268 

Georgia 800,822 

Illinois 864,047 

Indiana 2,886,806 

Iowa 335,431 

Kansas 54,871 

Louisiana 215,007 

Michigan 1,061,640 

Minnesota 345,333 

Mississippi 630,518 

Missouri 478,164 

Nebraska 92,091 

North and South Carolina 143,660 

North Dakota 418 

Ohio 1,359,813 

Pennsylvania *79,125 

South Dakota 89,220 



126 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



Tennessee 1,560,776 

Texas 40,112 

Virginia 2,064 

West Virginia 87 

Wisconsin 379,644 

Total shipped to other States 11,580,796 

Shipped to Great Lakes for cargo 702,000 

Used by railroads 4,649,823 

Total production 21,361,674 

♦Includes Kentucky coal exported by rail to Canada. 

The per capita consumption in the state (1.64 tons 
bituminous coal and .01 ton anthracite), while by no 
means at the bottom of the list, is considerably under 
the average for the country as a whole. On the other 



hand its square mile consumption of 128 tons exceeds 
the national average by a margin of five tons. The 
anthracite consumption, 20,000 tons, although above 
that in a number of other states, is small. Kentucky 
looks to bituminous coal for its major fuel requirements 
and, as before stated, calls upon its own mines for more 
than 85 per cent, of its total consumption. Exclusive of 
a small tonnage of Maryland coal, reported from Iowa, 
the total bituminous consumption of the state for 1915 
was 0,19(5,321 tons, distributed as follows: Illinois, 
B,807 : Kentucky. 4,429,058] Ohio. 371* which includes 
some coal consumed in South Dakota ; Pennsylvania, 
131,101; Tennessee. 185,580; West Virginia. 443,407; 
total. 5,196.231. 



127 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JUSTUS S. STEARNS, l.iiiliiiuKin. Michigan, 
President, Stearns Coal & Lumber Co., Stearns. Kentucky, 
making his home and headquarters at Ludington, Michigan, 
was born April 10. 1845, in Chautauqua County, New York, 
and has been in the coal business for the past ten years. 
Mr. Stearns has had for many years extensive interests in 
the salt and lumber trade and his company is now taking 
an equally prominent place in the coal industry. 



JOHN E. BUTLER, Steams, Kentucky, 

President and General Manager Fidelity Coal Mining Co., 
Stearns, Kentucky, was born in Canada August 1, 1873, 
and has been in the coal business sixteen years. Mr. Butler 
is also General Manager of The Stearns Coal & Lumber Co. 
and of the Kentucky & Tennessee Railway Co. He served 
as President of the Kentucky Mining Institute for the years 
1916-1917. 





ROBERT U. STEARNS, Stearns, Kentucky, 

Managing Director of the Stearns Coal & Lumber Co. of 
Stearns, Kentucky, was born in Conneaut, Ohio, March 14, 
1872, and has been in the coal business for eleven years. 
Under Mr. Stearns' management this company has made 
rapid growth and is one of the important producers of 
Kentucky coal. 



K. W. DYAS, Stearns, Kentucky, 

Sales Manager of the Stearns Coal & Lumber Co., Steams, 
Kentucky, was born in Crittenden, Kentucky, September 19, 
1882, and has been in the coal business for seven years. 
He is also a Director in the Fidelity Coal Mining Co. of 
Exodus, Kentucky. 



128 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




WILLIAM AHKINGTON WICKLIFPB, Greenville, Kentucky, 

Born in South Carrollton, Kentucky, February 16, 1860, has 
been in the coal business fourteen years. He is President 
of the Greenville Coal Co., also President of the W. A. Wick- 
liffe Coal Co., which company he organized in 1904, and a 
large stockholder in the Nelson Creek Coal Co. He is 
President of the Ohio Valley Coal Operators' Association, 
also a member of the West Kentucky Conservation Associa- 
tion. Mr. Wickliffe is well known in banking circles in 
Kentucky, being President of the First National Bank, 
Greenville, which is one of the largest banks in the state. 
For many years he has been engaged in the practice of law 
with the firm of Jonson, 'Wickliffe & Jonson. 





<I.\HK\<I, >i\u\i\ MAUI IN, QrceavUIe, Kentucky, 

Vice President and General Manager Greenville Coal Co., 
Greenville, Kentucky, also General Manager W. A. Wick- 
liffe Coal Co., was born In Greenville July 111. 1878, and has 
been in the coal business fifteen years. He has served mi 
the Executive Hoard of the Western Kentucky Coal < ipera- 
tors' Association, Ohio Valley Coal Operators' Association. 
and the West Kentucky Conservation Association. 



MAT LBB WldOIFFB, <...-. nvlll. . Kentucky, 

S. ii retary-Treasurer Greenville Coal Co., Greenville, Ken- 
tucky, also Secretary-Treasurer W. A. Wickliffe Coal Co., 
was born In Greenville August 9, 1888, and has been in the 
OCA] business ten years. He is a member of the Western 
Kentucky Coal Operators' Association, Ohio Valley Coal 
Operator*' Association, and the West Kentucky Conserva- 
tion Association. 



129 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





WILLIAM S. SPEED, Louisville, Kentucky, 

President North Jellico Coal Co., Louisville, Kentucky, was 
born in Louisville, Kentucky, September 10, 1873, and has 
been in the coal business for sixteen years. He is also 
Vice President of the Pioneer Coal Co. and President of the 
Beaver Dam Coal Co. 



FREDEHICK M. SACKETT, Louisville, Kentucky, 

Vine President North Jellico Coal Co., Louisville, Kentucky, 
was born at Providence, Rhode Island, December 8, 1868, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty-one years. He 
is also President of the Pioneer Coal Co. and Vice President 
of the Beaver Dam Coal Co. 





F. D. WOOD, Louisville, Kentucky, 

President and General Manager Kentucky Rock Asphalt Co., 
Louisville, Kentucky, was born in Sauk Rapids, Minnesota, 
May 5, 1876, and has been in the coal business twenty-four 
years. He was until recently President and General Man- 
ager of the Wallins Creek Coal Co., and was interested in 
the Wallins Creek Sales Co. He was formerly with the 
Elk Coal Co., Terry's Fork Coal Co., Pittsburgh Coal Co., 
Straight Creek Mineral Co , and others. He has held posi- 
tions of honor in the coal associations of his state. 



TIPTOIV LOUIS YOUNG, Louisville, Kentucky, 

Vice President-Treasurer Wallins Creek Coal Co., Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, was born in Lexington, Kentucky, Decem- 
ber 31, 1871, and has been in the coal business thirty-four 
years. He is Sales Manager of the Wallins Creek Sales 
Co., and was formerly with the Louis des Cognets & Co. 
and the Lexington Coal & Coke Co., and holds positions of 
honor in the coal operators' associations of the state. 



130 






COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





M i:in I J. 1.1111,1:1. Louisville, Kentucky, 
Louisville Manager Central Coal & Iron Co., Speed Building, 
Louisville, Kentucky, was born in Louisville September 7, 
1883, and has been in the coal business twenty years. Mr. 
Karley has spent his entire business life with this company, 
having started as office boy and having been promoted 
steadily to his present position. 



LOUIS A. POWELL, Louisville Kentucky, 

Manager Federal Coal Co., Louisville, Kentucky, was born 
in Louisville, Kentucky, December 1, 1888, and has been in 
the coal business for eleven years. He was formerly con- 
nected with the Louisville Coal & Coke Co., White Oak Coal 
Co. and the Continental Coal Corp. 





KENNKTH U, MGGl'lRE, Louisville, Kentucky, 
President Harlan Coal Co., Louisville, Kentucky, was born 
in New Orleans, Louisiana, January 31, 1880, and has been 
in the coal business for thirteen years. He is interested in 
the Harlan Coal Co., the Harlan Coal Mining Co., the Ken- 
tucky Headwaters Coal Co., the Paint Cliff Mines Co., Am- 
burgy Coal Co.. and others. He was formerly with the Snead 
& Meguire Coal Co. Mr. Megulre has served as President 
of the Kentucky Mining Institute. Vice President Kentucky 
Mine Owners' Association and has been active in other or- 
ganizations. 



It. C. TWAY, Louisville, Kentucky, 

President R. C. Tway Coal Co., Louisville, Kentucky, was 
born in Louisville, Kentucky, October 21, 1881, and has 
been in the coal business ten years. He is also President 
of the R. C. Tway Mining Co. and the James Coal Co. He 
is a member of the Harlan County Coal Operators' Asso- 
ciation and the Southern Appalachian Coal Operators' Asso- 
ciation. 



131 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JOHN P. GORMAN, Lexlneton, Kentucky, 

General Manager of the Hazard Coal Co., Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, and General Superintendent of the Tennessee-Jellico 
Coal Co., was born in Houtsdale, Pennsylvania, January 7, 
1877, and has been in the coal business since he was eight 
years of age. Mr. Gorman is also President of the Marian 
Coal Co. and General Superintendent of the Block Coal & 
Coke Co., and has interests in the Comargo Coal Co. He is 
a member of the Executive Board of the Hazard Coal Oper- 
ators' Exchange, and is one of the best known Kentucky 
operators. 



LESLIE I. COLEMAN, Knoxville, Tennessee* 

Vice President and General Manager of the Tennessee- 
Jellico Coal Co., Knoxville, Tennessee, was born March 4, 
1860, in Falmouth, Kentucky, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness about thirty-two years. He is also Vice President and 
General Manager of the Block Coal & Coke Co., President 
and Treasurer of the Comargo Coal Co., and Vice President 
Hazard Coal Co. and Tennessee Jellico Coal Corp. Mr. 
Coleman has been a Director of the Executive Committee 
and member of the Traffic Committee of the Southern Appa- 
lachian Coal Operators Association and is one of the best 
known coal operators in the South. 



JOHN W. WILLIAMS, Coxton, Kj-„ 

President and General Manager Lick 
Branch Coal Co., Coxton, Kentucky, 
was born in Mahanoy City, Pennsyl- 
vania, February 22, 1S72, and has been 
in the coal business thirty-five years. 
He was previously connected with the 
Proctor Coal Co.. Red Ash, Trosper 
Coal Co., Trosper, and the Wallins 
Creek Coal Co., Wallins, all of Ken- 
tucky. 



DOVER WILLIAMS, Coxton, Ky, 

Secretary-Treasurer Lick Branch Coal 
Co.. Coxton, Kentucky, was born in 
Soddy, Tennessee, April 13, 1874. and 
has been in the coal business seven 
years He was formerly with the Wal- 
lins Creek Coal Co. 



132 



COM. MEN OF AMERICA 





CLAUDS MH.l\ HYI.KV, h'vinn Kentucky, 

Owner of C. L. Kyley Coal Co.. Lexington, Kentucky, was 
born in Troy. Kentucky, May 19, 1869, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-one years. The firm is composed 
of Mr. Ryley and his son, C. Reginald Ryley. Mr. Ryley is 
also President of the Payette Coal. Grain & Feed Co., and 
was formerly connected with the firm of Ryley & Collins 
and the White Ash Coal Co. He is the coal member of the 
Rotary Club in Lexington, and is well and favorably known 
throughout the trade. 



C. REGINALD RYLEY, Lexington, Kentucky, 

Assistant Manager C. L. Ryley Coal Co., Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, was born in Woodford County, Kentucky, July 15, 
1897, and has been associated with his father, C. L. Ryley, 
in the wholesale coal business for about three years. 











WILLIAM DIXON COIL, MndiMonvlllc, Kentucky, 

President Coil Coal Co., Madisonville, Kentucky, also Presi- 
dent of the Sunset Coal Co.. was born in Hopkins County, 
Kentucky, May 21, 18B7. and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-three years. He was previously connected with 
the Rose Creek Coal Co. Mr. Coil is a member of the 
Western Kentucky Operators Association. Both companies 
of which he Is President are members of the West Ken- 
tucky Conservation Association. 



IIOYT II. COIL. MndlMonvllle, Kentucky, 

General Manager Coil Coal Co., Madisonville, Kentucky, was 
born In Hopkins County. Kentucky, August 1, 1891, and has 
been In the coal business eight years. He is General Man- 
ager of the Sunset Coal Co., interested in the Peerless Min- 
ing Co. and holds a position of honor with the West Ken- 
tucky Conservation Association. 



133 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





E. P. NICHOLSON. H i.i.i I. Kentucky, 

President Low Ash Mining Co. and Manager of the Home 
Run Coal Co., Middlesboro, Kentucky, was born in Pulaski, 
Virginia, April 27, 1872, and has been in the coal business 
for nineteen years. He is also President of the Central 
Coal & Feed Co. and was formerly with the Lick Fork Coal 
Co., the West Virginia Coal Co., and the Nicholson Coal Co. 



FREDERICK DEMPSTER HART, JR., Middlesboro, Ky., 

Vice President and General Manager Low Ash Mining Co. 
and President of Home Run Coal Co., Middlesboro, Ken- 
tucky, was born in Detroit, Michigan, April 10, 1872, and has 
been in the coal business thirteen years. He is also 
interested in the Central Coal & Feed Co. He was formerly 
with the Wallsend Coal & Coke Co., National Coal & Iron 
Co. and Appalachian Washed Coal Co. Mr. Hart was edu- 
cated as an electrical and mechanical engineer. 





WAITER S. HARKINS, Prestonsburg, Kentucky, 

Of Harkins & Harkins, Prestonsburg, counsel for many coal 
companies in Floyd County and Eastern Kentucky, was born 
in Prestonsburg September 25. 1857. In addition to acting 
as counsel Mr. Harkins was one of the pioneers in the 
buying and selling of coal and mineral lands in Kentucky 
and in the course of thirty years or more has handled many 
large sales and leases. Personally he is one of the largest 
individual owners of coal and mineral properties in Ken- 
tucky, interested in several banks, and still in active practice 
in both State and United States courts. 



JOSEPH D. HARKINS, Prestonsburg, Kentucky, 

Of Harkins & Harkins. Prestonsburg, counsel for coal com- 
panies, was born in Prestonsburg April 24, 1884. Since 
entering the firm he has taken an active part in the purchase 
and sale of coal and mineral lands. The firm is connected 
with every branch of the coal industry except the actual 
mining of coal, and their services, because of their practical, 
as well as legal, knowledge of the mining laws and condi- 
tions, are much sought after. 



134 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





WALTER S. WELLS, Prestonsburg, Kentucky, 

Late General Manager Middle Creek Coal Co., Prestonsburg, 
Kentucky, was born In Paintsville, Kentucky, August 5, 
1888, and had been in the coal business eight years 
up to the time of his death, October 16, 1918. He 
was president of the Black Diamond Coal Co., Salt Lick 
Coal Co., Beaver-Elkhorn Coal Co., and the Loraln-Elkhorn 
Coal Co. He served as Vice President of the Kentucky 
Mining Institute and Secretary-Treasurer of the Big Sandy 
Coal Mining Institute. 



GEORGE BOOTON ARCHER. I'i v>i i -g, Kentucky, 

Secretary-Treasurer of the Middle Creek Coal Co.. Prestons- 
burg, Kentucky, was born in Prestonsburg, Kentucky, May 
30, 1892, and has been in the coal business for about seven 
years. He is a Director in the following companies: Beaver- 
Elkhorn Coal Co.. Lorain-Elkhorn Coal Co., Black Diamond 
Coal Co., and Salt Lick Coal Co. 



J. W. ALLEY, I'rextonxbui-K, Ky., 

President-Manager Prestonsburg Coal 
Co., Inc., Prestonsburg. Kentucky, was 
born in Virginia, October 8, 1882, and 
has been in the coal business twenty- 
seven years. He was formerly with 
the Virginia Pocahontas Coal Co. and 
the Virginia Iron, Coal & Coke Co. Mr. 
Alley installed the plant of the Stone- 
wall Coal & Coke <'o. and has been 
in the Big Sandy field ten years. 




THOMAS -ii.|-|'i:ic»o\ A.SIIKIt, Wasloto. Kentucky, 

Was born in Itedbird, Clay County, Kentucky. May 21, 1848. 
and has been associated with the remarkable development 
of Kentucky coal lands. 



135 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





J. D. CAIN, Middlexboro, Kentucky, 

Assistant State Inspector of Mines, Middlesboro, Kentucky, 
was born in Illinois December 27, 1860, and has been in 
the coal business thirty-one years. He was formerly con- 
nected with the Lady Ensley Coal, Iron & Railway Co., 
Richmond Coal Co., R. O. Campbell Coal Co., Wilhoit Coal 
Co., and the Blackwood Coal & Coke Co. Mr. Cain is consid- 
ered one of the best posted coalmen in Kentucky and an au- 
thority on eastern Kentucky coal properties. 



C. R. COLEMAN, Stanford, Kentucky, 

Vice President and General Manager Coleman Mining Co., 
Inc., Cary, Bell County, Kentucky, was born in Maysville, 
Pennsylvania, December 16, 1862, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-one years. Mr. Coleman enjoys an en- 
viable reputation in the coal trade and is the guiding spirit 
of the company. They operate an absolutely modern plant 
equipped with the latest mining machinery, producing about 
five hundred tons per day. Mr. Coleman was formerly with 
the Lexington & Carter County Mining Co. and the Man- 
chester Coal Co. 




WILLIAM E. DAVIS. Lexington, Kentucky, 

Vice President and General Manager Midland Mining 
Co.. Lexington, Kentucky, was born in Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee. December 7, 1877, and has been in the coal 
business nineteen years. He is Vice President of the 
East Tennessee Coal Co. and a Director of the Kenmont 
Coal Co.. Kentucky Block Coal Co., Kentucky Jewel Coal 
Co.. and Elk Fork Coal Co. He sold recently his interest 
in the First Creek Coal Co. of which he was President and 
General Manager. He is the pioneer of the Hazard coal 
fields in Kentucky and has equipped and operated some of 
the best properties in that field. 



W, J. BROWN, JR., Lennnt, Ky., 
Was born in Bristol, Virginia, and is 
in charge of the Daniel Boone Coal Co., 
Lennut, Kentucky, known as the Haz- 
ard field. This company has recently 
completed the opening of another mine 
on Lotts Creek, having a daily capacity 
of 3,000 tons, equipped with all modern 
electrical equipment. 



136 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



\\ II. 1. 1 \>l GRAHAM DUNCAN, 

(■rf-cnYillc. Kentucky, 
President \V. G. Duncan Coal Co., was 
born September 4, 1851. in Hollytown, 
Scotland, and has been engaged fifty- 
two years in the coal Industry. He is 
one of Kentucky's best known opera- 
tors. 




II AM 101, BOONE LOGAN, IMnevllle. Kentucky, 

Preside -nt White-Log Jellico Coal Co., Elk Coal Co.. Terry's 
Fork Coal Co., Dorton Branch Coal Co., and Straight Creek 
Mineral Co., was born in Carter County. Kentucky. April 23, 
1858. and by reason of a quarter of a century's experience 
in mining coal is considered one of the leading operators 
of Kentucky. He was at one time with the Wallsend Coal 
& Coke Co. 



l:il\V Mill J. HAKKTT, Louisville. Ky„ 

Born in I..eltelitteld, Kentucky, Decem- 
ber 3, lXfit), has had twenty very active 
years in both mining and selling coal. 
He is President of the Caledonia Min- 
ing Co.. Treasurer of the D. J. Maekey 
I'n., and Secretary and Treasurer of the 

Fork Ridge Mining Co., of the Big Four 
Coal Co., and of t lie Big Muddy Min- 
ing Co., ail operating companies, and 
Treasurer and Manager ot the Edward 

.1 Hackttl Coal Co., a retail company. 




.1. I,. MWlllMi, Middles bora, Kentucky, 
President Manrlng Coal Exchange, Mlddlesboro, Kentucky. 
was born in the state of Ohio In 1872 and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-two years. He is also President 
of the Winona Coal Co. and was formerly with the Fork 
Kidge Coal Co. and the Sterling Coal Co., as well as a 
member of the Southern Appalachian Coal Operators Asso- 
ciation. Mr. Manrlng is Mayor of Middleslmro and one of 
the best known operators in the eastern Kentucky field. 



137 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




WHITE LANE MOSS, Plneville, Kentucky, 

President of the White Moss Coal Co., Pineville, Kentucky, 
was born in Pineville, Kentucky, September 4, 1883, and 
has been in the coal business twelve years. He was for- 
merly with the Continental Coal Corp , White Star Coal 
Co., Straight Creek Coal Mining Co., Moss & Sons Coal Co., 
and Poplar Hignite Coal Co. He has served as President 
of the Kentucky Mining Institute and as member of 
Bxecutive Committee, Southern Appalachian Coal Operators' 
Association, and has many warm friends in the coal trade. 



J. L. MORGAN, Plkevllle, Kentucky, 

Manager of the Allegheny Coke Co., 
Hellier, Kentucky, is a well known 
coal operator, having spent many years 
in the coal business. He has been in 
the Big Sandy Valley for twelve years 
and was formerly in the Pocahontas 
field of West Virginia. 




GEORGE MORIN SHOEMAKER, Evarts, Kentucky. 

President and General Manager The Red Dragon Coal Co., 
Evarts, Kentucky, was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
June 21, 1871, and has been in the coal business thirty-three 
years. He is also General Manager of the Bailey's Creek 
Coal Co., Harlan, Kentucky. He was formerly with the La- 
Follette Coal, Iron & Railway Co. and the New River Col- 
lieries Co. He has been chairman of the Executive Board 
of the Southern Appalachian Coal Operators Association. 
He is a member of the American Institute of Mining Engi- 
neers. 



CHARLES M. RIKER, Paducah, Ky., 

General Manager and Treasurer Eureka 
Coal & Coke Co., Paducah, Kentucky, 
was born in East Orange, New Jersey, 
February 15, 1876, and has been in the 
coal business nineteen years. He is 
General Manager of the Carbondale 
Coal & Coke Co., and President of the 
C. M. Riker Coal Co. (mines of St. 
Charles, Kentucky). He was previous- 
ly with the Pennsylvania Coal Co.. Erie 
Coal Co., and West Kentucky Coal Co. 



138 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





HARRISON I.aFAVETTE Tll'KKK, H«ck|iort, Kentucky, 

President-General Manager Rockport Coal Co., Rockport, 
Kentucky, was born in Union County, Tennessee, July 12, 
1874, and has been in the coal business for twenty-seven 
years. He was formerly with the Chas. F. Keeler Coal Co., 
W. S. Bogle Coal Co. and the Grant Coal Mining Co., and is 
Secretary-Treasurer and Commissioner of Western Ken- 
tucky Coal Operators Association. 



CAPT. YV. C. TICK Kit, Ueiiham. Kentucky, 

General Superintendent of the Wisconsin Steel Co., Benham, 
Kentucky, was born in Columbus. Mississippi, January 20, 
1864, and has been in the coal business for thirty-six years. 
Capt. Tucker is widely known for his ability in the survey 
and development of coal lands and has a splendid reputa- 
tion in the eastern Kentucky field. 



J. \ I li I : u 1 SMITH, Central City, Ky„ 

General Manager Gibraltar Coal Min- 
ing Co., Central City, Kentucky, was 
born in Lynnville, Tennessee, August 
11, 1881, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness thirteen years, all the time with 
this company. He is also interested in 
the Mercer Coal Co. and the Brown 
Coal Co., Memphis. He is Vice Presi- 
dent of the Western Kentucky Opera- 
tors' Association and a member of the 
West Kentucky Conservation Asso- 
ciation and the Ohio Valley Coal Op- 
erators' Association. 



H. W. WHITFIELD, KUtM, Kentueky, 

President Clover Fork Mining Co., 
Kitts, Kentucky, was born January 24, 
1865, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-six years. Mr. Whitfield 
was formerly connected with several 
companies in Alabama and later oper- 
ated the Left Fork Coal Co., which was 
afterwards sold to the Continental 
Coal Co. 



139 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



KENTUCKY- Louisville 

JOHN HENRY IlK'Kia, JR.. Louisville, Kentucky, was 
born in Louisville September 28, 1873. and has been in the 
coal business eleven years. He was formerly with the 
East Kentucky Mining Co. and the W. G. Duncan Coal Co. 

WILLIAM F. IH'RWINKLE, President Walnut Coal Co., 
Inc.. Louisville, Kentucky, was born in Louisville. Kentucky. 
October 13. 1SS2, and has been in the coal business twelve 
years. He is also interested in the James Coal Co. and was 
formerly connected with the Joseph Walton Co. and R. C. 
Tway Coal Co. K. E. Weber is Treasurer of the company. 

CHARLES L. CRUSH, President Atlas Coal Co., Louisville, 
Kentucky, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, February 16, 
1867, and has been in the coal business for twenty-three 
years. He was formerly with the Pacific Coal Co., and has 
held positions of honor with the coal organizations of the 
state, and is well known throughout the trade. 

GEORGE ESi DAVIS. Manager of the Consolidation Coal 
Co., Louisville, Kentucky, was born in Richmond, Virginia, 
June 36, 1870, and has been in the coal business covering a 
period of ten years. Mr. Davis was formerly in the railroad 
service and has many friends in the trade. 

LEON l'HANKEl, President Frankel Coal Co., Louisville, 
Kentucky, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, September 28, 
1878, and has been in the coal business for seventeen years. 

WILLIAM H. RATHRICtHT, Sales Agent and Assistant 
Manager of the St. Bernard Mining Co., Louisville, Kentucky, 
was born in Indianapolis. Indiana, in ISsl, and has been in 
the coal business thirteen years. 

C. D. H AUGER, President Mannington Coal Co., Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, was born in Washington County, Indiana, 
July IS, 1881, and has been in the coal business two years. 

KARL .11 NGIII.I I'll. JR., of the Harlan Coal Co., Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, July 20, 
1876, and has been In the coal business for fifteen years. Ho 
is also interested in the Harlan Coal Mining Co., and was 
formerly with the Smokeless Fuel Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

E. lUWIMi, Secretary-Treasurer Harlan Coal Co., Har- 
lan Coal Mining Co., and Treasurer Kentucky Headwaters 
Coal Co., Louisville. Kentucky, has been in the coal busi- 
ness four years. He was formerly connected with The Snead 
& Meguire Coal Co. 

W. s. McDXNELD, President Drabelle Yager Coal Co., 
Louisville, Kentucky, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, in 
1881, and has been in the coal business for eleven years. 

CHAHLES J. O'CONNOR, Manager of the Pittsburgh Coal 
Co., Louisville. Kentucky, was born in Louisville May 4, 

1867. and has been in the coal business thirty-five years. He 
was formerly with the O'Neil Coal & Coke Co., later merged 
into the present company. 

FHEU W. OTT, .III., Traffic Manager R. C. Tway Coal Co- 
Louisville. Kentucky, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, 
December 1. 1888, and has been in the coal business cover- 
ing a period of six years. 

LOUIS A. SHAKER, Sales Manager James Coal Co., Louis- 
ville. Kentucky, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, March 
16, 1871, and has been in the coal business for twenty-eight 
years. He is also interested in the R. C. Tway Coal Co., and 
was formerly connected with the Southern Coal & Coke Co., 
Straight Creek Coal & Coke Co., Asher Coal Agency. Jellico- 
Laurel Coal Agency, Louisville & Nashville Railroad Coal 
Agency and others. Mr. Shafer is considered one of the 
best retail coal salesmen in the state and is widely known 
throughout the trade. 

ROBERT A. WATSON, Manager of the Byrne & Speed 
Coal Co. and the Jellico-Laurel Coal Agency, Louisville, 
Kentucky, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, December 12, 

1868. and has been in the coal business for thirty years. 
DR. HOIIEKT WEDEKIND, Louisville, Kentucky, Presi- 
dent of the Tennessee Jellico Coal Corp.. Block Coal & 
Coke Co.. Hazard Coal Co and the Tennessee Jellico Coal 
Co., was born in Louisville, Kentucky, March 7, 1871, and 
has been in the coal business for twelve years. Dr. Wede- 
kind is the largest farm land owner in the state. 



KENTUCKY 



HARRY W. ABBOTT, Manager of The M. M. Allen Supply 
Co., Newport, Kentucky, was born in Covington, Kentucky, 
December 25, 1875, and has been in the coal business for 
eleven years. 

VAN Bl'RFA' ALEXANDER of Alexander Bros., Cadiz, 
Kentucky, was born in Cadiz, Kentucky. January 22, 1876, 
and has been in the coal business for sixteen years. He 
was formerly with Alexander Bros. & Sands. 

F. J. ALSO I', General Manager Alsop Bros.. Hawesville, 
Kentucky, was born in Hawesville in 1S79 and has been in 
the coal business seventeen years. He was formerly with 
Aubur Ash & Fe n'.ey Co. 



SAM J. ALVES, Henderson, Kentucky, was born in Hen- 
derson County, Kentucky, August 1, 1847, and has been in 
the coal business for twenty-six years. He was formerly 
with the Coreydon Mining Co. 

GEO. C. ATKINSON, President St. Bernard Mining Co., 
Karlington. Kentucky, was born in New Jersey May 15, 1852, 
and has been in the coal business since 1871. He is also 
President of the Victoria Coal Co. and one of the largest 
coal operators in Kentucky, his father being a pioneer in 
the development of that state. 

THOMAS MARSHAL BARROW, Owensboro, Kentucky, 
was born in Clark County, Kentucky, in 1873, and has been 
in the coal business for seventeen years. 

J. W. RASTIN, Secretary-General Manager Nelson Creek 
Coal Co., Nelson, Kentucky, was born in Lincoln County, 
Kentucky, September 18, 1862, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-six years. He is also interested in the 
Bevier Coal Co., Cleaton, Kentucky, and was formerly with 
the Laurel Coal Co. and the New Laurel Coal Co., Pittsburg, 

PERCY D. BERRY', Vice President and Treasurer Provi- 
dence Mining Co., Providence, Kentucky, was born in Madi- 
sonville, Kentucky, November 24, 1874, and has been in 
the coal business twenty-seven years, the company for- 
merly being known as the Providence Coal Co. Mr. Berry 
is serving as a Director in the Kentucky Mine Owners' As- 
sociation and the Ohio Valley Coal Operators' Association. 

ALEXANDER BLAIR, General Manager Pittsburgh Coal 
Co., Henderson, Kentucky, was born in Scotland October 
16, 18511, and has been in the coal business for twenty 
years. 

LINDSAY R. BLANTON, Richmond, Kentucky, was born 
in Richmond, Kentucky, April 25, 1890, and has been in 
the coal business all his life. The firm bearing Mr. Blan- 
ton's name started business in 1885 and he has been its 
Manager for eight years or more. 

C. G. BOWMAN, President Daniel Boone Coal Co., Haz- 
ard, Kentucky, was born in Estell County in 1864. Mr. 
Bowman is a man of means and is well and favorably 
known in Kentucky, having been engaged in the lumber 
industry as well as coal business for many years. 

HENRY' L. BRADLEY', Manager of Bradley Bros., Padu- 
cah, Kentucky, was born in Paducah in 1872 and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-one years. 

W. W. BRIDGES, President Black Diamond Coal & Min- 
ing Co., Drakesboro, Kentucky, was born at Boxville, Ken- 
tucky, March 12, 1873, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-six years, with the one company. 

WILLIAM WILSON BROADDUS, President W. W. 
Broaddus & Co., Richmond, Kentucky, was born in Madison 
County, Kentucky, January 17, 1876, and has been in the 
coal business twenty-three years. He was formerly with 
L. R. Blanton fourteen years. 

A. V. BROWN. Secretary-Treasurer Golden Ash Coal Co.. 
Williamsburg. Kentucky, was born in Osgood, Indiana, June 
14, 1884, and has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 
He is also Auditor for the Southern Mining Co. and is inter- 
ested in the New Caryville Coal Co. and the Gatliff Coal Co. 

CHARLES D. BL'RDICK, Auditor and Assistant Treas- 
urer West Kentucky Coal Co., Sturgis, Kentucky, was born 
near Uniondale, Pennsylvania, August 19, 1874, and has 
been in the coal business for twenty-seven years. He 
was formerly with the Hillside Coal & Iron Co. and the 
Pennsylvania Coal Co. at Scranton, Pennsylvania. 

GEORGE S. CHOWNING, President of Hall & Cbowning, 
Shelbyville, Kentucky, was born in Shelbyville, Kentucky, 
September 7, 1876, and has been in the coal business for 
fifteen years. Mr. Cbowning is one of the most popular 
retailers in that section. 

J. J. CHRISTIE, General Manager Marrowbone Mining 
Co., Pikeville, Kentucky, was born in the state of Pennsyl- 
vania and has been in the coal business about all his life. 
He is President of the Mossy Bottom Mining Co. and Gen- 
eral Manager of the Natts Creek Mining Co. 

GEORGE THOMAS CLARK of The George T. Clark Coal 
& Sand Co., Russellville, Kentucky, was born in Russellville 
March 27, 1865, and has been in the coal business for fifteen 
years. 

EDWARD R. CLAYTON, Secretary of the Harlan County 
Coal Operators' Association, Harlan, Kentucky, was born 
in Grafton, West Virginia, January 10, 1876, and has been 
in the coal business for nineteen years. He was formerly 
connected with the Maryland Coal Co., Wendel, West 
Virginia, The Harlan Coal Co., Louisville, Kentucky, and 
the Wallins Creek Coal Co.. Louisville, Kentucky. He is 
Secretary of the Harlan County Coal Operators' Association, 
and on February 1, 1918, was appointed a District Repre- 
sentative of the 1'nited States Fuel Administration, with 
headeiuarters at Knoxville, Tennessee. 

S. H. CRAIN, Crain Coal Co., Flemingsburg, Kentucky, 
was born in Fleming County, February 9, 1864, and has 
been in the coal business for sixteen years. He was for- 
merly with the Collins-Crain Co. 



140 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



B. C. DAVIDSON, s cretary-Treaaurer I'niontown Coal 
& Mining Co., Uniontown, Kentucky, was born in Hawes- 
ville, Kentucky. April 6, 1865, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-one years. He was formerly connected 
with B. C. Davidson ft Suns and B. C. Davidson Coal Co. 

J. EAHLE DAVIS, Shelbyville, Kentucky, was born in 
Shelby County, Kentucky, and has been associated with 
Curtis P. Hall in the retail coal business for the past year 
under the name of Hail & Davis. 

II AKK V W. Dl< KKBSOX of the Reliance Coal & Coke Co., 
Cincinnati. Ohio, was born in Kenton County, Kentucky, 
January 18, 1890, and has been In the coal business for six 
years. He is also interested In the Lincoln Coal Co. of Cin- 
cinnati, and was formerly with the Marmet-Halm Coal & 
Coke Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

WILLIAM G DODSON. Paris, Kentucky, is a native of 
Kentucky, born June 11, 1861, and has been in the coal 
business for over seventeen years. He is a well known 
retailer in that section. 

W. H. DOUGLAS of the firm of W. H. Douglas ft Son, 
Richmond, Kentucky, was born in Madison County, Ken- 
tucky, January 20, 1860, and has been in the coal business 
for six years. 

WILLIAM THI MAX DK1IIV, Morganfleld, Kentucky, was 
born in Waverly, Kentucky, October IS, 1871, and has been 
in the coal business for eight years. He was formerly with 
the River & Rail Coal & Coke Co. and the Drury Coal Co. 
Mr. Drury has 2,020 acres of undeveloped coal lands. 

harry DBAFSB kvstox, clem mi Superintendent Fed- 
eral Coal Co.. inc. successors to Continental Coal Corp., 

Straight Creek, Kentucky, wis born In Mehoopany. Penn- 
sylvania, in 1^7v and is an authority on the coal 
industry and the author of books and articles on the sub- 
ject. Mr. Kaston Is a Professor of Mining Engineering 
and has been instructor in this branch in several univer- 
sities. 

ISAAC J. K.\(iLK, Lexington, Kentucky, member of the 
firm of Shepherd. Engle & Given, was born in Richmond, 
Kentucky, about thirty-six years ago. He was formerly 
connected with ^ohn B. Payne and Louis des Cognets & Co., 
and has been in the coal business for about thirteen years. 

DR. C. W. EVANS, General Manager Colonial Coal & 
Coke Co., Prestonsburg, Kentucky, was born in Pottsville. 
Pennsylvania, flfty-nine years ago, and has been in the 
coal business sixteen years. He was formerly with the 
Henry Clay Coal Co. Dr. Evans gave up the medical pro- 
fession for the coal industry and has been in the Big Sandy 
field since 1905. 

SAMUEL MILTO.\ FREESE, Treasurer The Kentucky 
Block Cannel Coal Co., Cannell City, Kentucky, was born 
in Louisa, Kentucky, March 27, 1873, and has been in the 
coal business for fourteen years. 

H. H. FINK, Sutton, Kentucky, General Manager of The 
Funk Coal Co., was born in Pennsylvania in 1851 and has 
been in the present company about two years. 

SHELBY GISH, President Central Coal & Iron Co., Central 
City, Kentucky, was born near Central City, Kentucky, in 
the year 1877, and has coal interests in the Gish Cannel 
Coal Co., McHenry Coal Co., Jellico Coal Co., Consolidated 
Coal Co., Five J Coal Co. and the Central Coal & Iron Co. 

JAMES G. GIVEN, member of the firm of Shepherd, Engle 
& Given, Lexington, Kentucky, was born in Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, about forty-four years ago. He was formerly con- 
nected with George Land and the Pluto Coal Co. and has 
been in the coal business for about twenty-six years. 

•WALTER SCOTT BLOWS, Danville Ice & Coal Co., Dan- 
ville, Kentucky, was born in Louisville, Kentucky, January 
12, 1878, and has been in the coal business for twenty-one 
years. He is Interested in the Kentucky-Tennessee Prop- 
erty Co. and the Virginia Mining Co. 

JOII.V H. GRIFFITT, Superintendent Marrowbone Mining 
Co., Lookout, Kentucky, was horn In Marmet, West Vir- 
ginia. In the year 1865, and has been In the coal business 
for thirty-seven years. He was formerly connected with 
tin- Solvay Collieries Co., Kingston. West Virginia. 

B. I'. GBIGSBY. SB., President of Grigsby & Co.. Bards- 
town. Kentucky, was horn In Bardstown, Kentucky, May 
30, 1847, and has been in the owl ImisIik ss for twenty-eight 
years. His sons. B. P. Grigsby. Jr.. O. K. Grigsby and 
It W. Grigsby. are associated with him In the business. 
James Carothers. Jr.. has also been with the company for 
twenty-eight years. 

S. B. GUI BBS, Warsaw, Kentucky, was born In Florence, 
Boone County, Kentucky. July 14. 1846. and has been In 
the coal business for twenty-eight years. 

BUM «.l IIIHIi:, President Republic Coal Co., Harlan, 
Kentucky, was' born In the state of Alabama, January 19, 
1872, and has been in the coal business for twenty-one 
years. He was formerly with the Alabama Coal Co. 



Ct'RTIS P. HALL, Shelbyville, Kentucky, was born in 
Shelby County, Kentucky, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness under the firm name of Hall & Davis since January 1, 
1917, which firm succeeded Hall & Crume. 

EVEHETTE BcDOWBLL BAKU AH, Vic- President and 
General Manager Allburn Coal & Coke Co., McCarr, Ken- 
tucky, was born in Ennis, West Virginia, September 22, 
1890, and has been in the coal business for nine years. He 
was formerly with the Premier Pocahontas Collieries Co. 

R. K. RASKINS, General Manager Diamond Block Coal 
Co., Hazard, Kentucky, was born in Virginia and has been 
in the coal business for fifteen years. lie is Interested in 
the Acme By-Pi oducts Coal Co., Fleming, Kentucky, and 
was previously connected with the Majestic Collieries Co. 
and the Vulcan Coal Co. 

J. T. HATFIELD, Secretary-Treasurer Hatfield Coal Co., 
Covington, Kentucky, was born in Lincoln, Illinois, Febru- 
ary 25, 1866, and has been in the coal business for thirty- 
six years. He started in business for himself at the age of 
sixteen years. He is President of the Great Kanawha River 
Improvement Association and is interested in the Pomeroy 
Dock Co., Pittsburg Mining Co., Thomas & Hartweg Lands 
Co., West Virginia Washed Coal Co., Plymouth Coal & Min- 
ing Co., Coalburgh-Kanawha Mining Co., E. J. Hlckey Trans- 
portation Co., Atlas Coal Co., P. & K. Finger Bros. Coal 
Co., Madison Coal & Supply Co., and several other Arms. 
He is well and favorably known throughout the trade. 

W. B. HILL, Litchfield. Kentucky, was born in Kentucky 
March 4, 1850, and has been in the coal business for three 
years. He was formerly connected with the Rockport Coal 
Co. 

ROGER W. HEXDKKSON, Purchasing Agent Stearns Coal 
ft Lumber Co.. Stearns. Kentucky, was born In California, 
Kentucky, February 23, 1888, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twelve years. 

WILLIAM H, HOGE of the Hoge Coal Co., Frankfort, Ken- 
tucky, was born in Staunton. Virginia. November 8, 1863, 
and has been in the coal business twenty-one years. He was 
formerly with Black & Hoge. The Hoge Coal Co. is suc- 
cessor to Black ft Hoge. one of the oldest coal companies 
in Frankfort. 

NORMAN A. HOLT, Secretary The Holt Coal Co., Central 
City, Kentucky, was born at Snow Shoe, Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 20, 1875, and has been in the coal business for six- 
teen years. He was formerly with W. F. Holt. Mr. Holt 
is a member of the Western Kentucky Coal Operators' 
Association, Ohio Valley Coal Operators' Association, and 
the Western Kentucky Conservation Association. 

RODGER D. HOLT, Clay, Kentucky, Manager of the Clay 
mines of the Clifty Consolidated Coal Co., was born in 
Franklin, Tennessee, in 1S91, and has been in the coal 
business eight rears. He is also interested in the mines at 
Clifty, Tennessee. 

JESSE C. HOSKIXS, President and General Manager of 
the Magnet Coal Co., Hosman, Kentucky, was born in Ten- 
nessee, August 22, 1857, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-five years. He is interested in the Imperial- 
Jellico Coal Co., Roekhold. Kentucky, and was formerly 
connected with the Emlyn Coal Co. 

CHARLES III Dlll.KSTOX, Fulton, Kentucky, was born 
in Fulton County, Kentucky, October 24, 1876, and has been 
in the coal business for eleven years. 

ROBERT JAMESON, General Manager of Thomas Jam- on 
& Son, Beattyville. Kentucky, was born in Beattyville, Ken- 
tucky, in 1892, and lias been in the coal business sixteen 
years, associated with Thomas Jameson, who has been in 
the coal business forty-one years. Mr. Jameson is President 
of the Jamison Coal Co., and Secretary and Treasurer of 
The Relco Coal Mining Co. at Idamay. Kentucky. They now 
Operate five mines. 

THOMAS JAMESON of the Thomas Jameson & Son Coal 
Co., Beattyville, Kentucky, has been in the coal business for 
forty-one years and is at present operating five mines. He 
is associated with his son, Robert Jameson. 

THOMAS E. JENKINS of the West Kentucky Coal Co.. 
Sturgis, Kentucky, was born In Wayland, Ohio, October 6. 
1876. and has been in the coal business for twenty-three 
years. He was formerly with Jenkins & Bailey in Ohio, 
Economy Coal Co., and the Illinois Coal Operators' Liability 
Co. 

DAVID JOHNSON of The Shelby Coal Mining Co., Shel- 
blana, Kentucky, was born in Ohio, December 23, 1874, and 
has been in the coal business for sixteen years. 

C. A. KBNIfHI of Kennev & Marlmon. Nicholasville. Ken- 
tucky, was born at Clear Creek. Illinois. June 10. 1862, and 
has been in the coal business for thirteen years. 

WILLIAM T. KING, Manager William T. King & Son, 
Lewisport, Kentucky, was born in 1855. and has been in the 
coal business for a period of ten years. 

SHELBY KIXKEAD. Manager of the Kinkead Coal Co.. 
Lexington, Kentucky, was born In Lexington, Kentucky, In 
the year 1854, and has been in the coal business for shirty- 
six years. 



141 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



1 0. KIRKPATHICK, Secretary-Treasurer Kirk Coal Co., 
Beech Creek, Kentucky, was born in Muhlenberg County, 
Kentucky, in the year 1888, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for nine years. He was formerly connected with the 
Beech Creek Coal Co. 

GEORGE W. LAND of George Land & Bro., Lexington. 
Kentucky, was born in Lexington February 22, 1869, and 
has been in the coal business twenty-six years. This firm 
is well and favorably known throughout the trade. 

W. B. LtMtiil )l. Secretary of the Kentucky-Harlan Coal 
Co., Harlan, Kentucky, was born in Laurel County, Ken- 
tucky, June 27, 1889, and has been in the coal business for 
eight years. He was formerly connected with the Clear 
Fork Coal & Coke Co., Pineville Coal Mining Co., and the 
Catrons Creek Coal Co. 

STERLING S. LANIER, JR., General Manager of the Nor- 
ton Coal Mining Co., Nortonville, Kentucky, was born in 
Birmingham, Alabama, September 23, 1888, and has been in 
the coal business for nine years. He was formerly with 
the Republic Iron & Steel Co. and the Monro Warrior Coal 
& Coke Co. 

W. H. LLOYD, President and Manager Morganfleld Coal 
& Mining Co., Morganfleld, Kentucky, was born in England 
January 25, 1859, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-four years. He was formerly with the Corydon Coal 
Co. 

JOSEPH E. MATTISON, Manager of St. Bernard Mining 
Co., Paducah, Kentucky, was born in Paducah, Kentucky, 
July 23, 1886, and has been in the coal business for six 
years. 

SAMUEL WOOLDRIDGE MeCOMB of the Wallins Creek 
Coal Co. and Wallins Creek Sales Co., Pineville, Kentucky, 
was born in Christian County, Kentucky. May 6, 1871, and 
has been in the coal business for many years. He was 
formerly with the Wooldridge Jellico Coal Co. and the 
Jellico B. G. Coal Co. 

C. E. McGINNIS, Secretary-Manager Lawrenceburg Sup- 
ply Co., Lawrenceburg, Kentucky, was born in Lawrence- 
burg, Kentucky, in the year 1890, and has been in the coal 
business covering a period of two and a half years. 

WALTER J. NISBET, President Providence Mining Co., 
Providence, Kentucky, was born in Madisonville, Kentucky, 
July 6, 1872, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
nine years. He organized this company in 1890. Mr. Nisbet 
is a member of the West Kentucky Conservation Associa- 
tion. 

GILMORE H. NUNNELLEY, President The G. H. Nunnel- 
ley Co., Georgetown, Kentucky, was born in Randolph 
County, Missouri, October 14, 1852, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-four years. 

CHARLES A, FATKOLD of The Campbells Creek Coal Co.. 
Newport, Kentucky, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, December 
28, 1864. and has been in the coal business for thirty-nine 
years continuously. He is President of the Newport Retail 
Coal Dealers Credit Association. 

S. L. PEACE of the Foulks Coal Co., Hopkinsville, Ken- 
tucky, was born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, November 11, 
1885, and has been in the coal business for eight years, 
succeeding E. L. Foulks, who died in February, 1916, at 
the age of ninety-five years. This business was estab- 
lished by Mr. Foulks in 1871 and has been in continuous 
operation since that time. 

CHARLES J. ftUIGGINS of the Valley Creek Coal Yard, 
Elizabethtown, Kentucky, was born in Elizabethtown May 
20, 1868, and has been in the coal business seven years. 

FRANK DILLMAN RASH, Vice President-General Mana- 
ger St. Bernard Mining Co., Earlington, Kentucky, was 
born in St. Charles, Kentucky, September 1, 1878, and has 
been in the coal business for seventeen years. He was 
formerly President of the Kentucky Mining Institute and 
is at present President of the Kentucky Mine Owners Asso- 
ciation, First Vice President of the Kentucky Manufactur- 
ers' and Shipping Association, and member of the Ameri- 
can Institute Mining Engineers and Kentucky Mining In- 
stitute. 

W. C. REED, member of the City Coal Co., Hickman, 
Kentucky, was born in Hickman, Kentucky, and has been 
In the coal business for three years. 

CHARLES F. RICHARDSON, President West Kentucky 
Coal Co., Sturgis, Kentucky, was born in Waterford, Ver- 
mont, November 8, 1863, and has been in the coal business 
eight years. He is also President of the West Jellico Coal 
Co. of Paducah, Kentucky. Mr. Richardson has served as 
Vice President of the Ohio Valley Coal Operators' Associa- 
tion and as Chairman of the Executive Board of the West- 
ern Kentucky Conservation Association. 

JAMES L. ROGERS, Secretary-General Manager Lam 
Coal Co., Bevier, Kentucky, was born in Ohio County, Ken- 
tucky, June 19, 1866, and has been in the coal business 
fourteen years. He is also Vice President of the Elkhorn 
Consolidated Coal & Coke Co. and a member of the West- 
ern Kentucky Coal Operators' Association and the Ohio 
Valley Coal Operators' Association. 



GEORGE E. ROPER, Manager of the Pittsburgh Coal Co., 
Paducah, Kentucky, "was born July 27, 1892, and has been 
in the coal business ten years, nine years of which he has 
been connected with the Pittsburgh Coal Co. 

CALVERT T. ROSZELL of Roszell Bros., Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, was born in Lexington March 31, 1875, and has been 
in the coal business twenty-five years. He was formerly 
with the Lexington & Carter County Mining Co. and Frost & 
Edge. 

R. M. SALMON, Secretary-Treasurer and General Mana- 
ger Crabtree Coal Mining Co., Ilsley, Kentucky, was born 
in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, January 23, 1857, and has been 
in the coal business for thirty-seven years. He was for- 
merly connected with the Hecla Coal Co. Mr. Salmon is a 
Representative from the Sixth Senatorial District and is 
well and favorably known. 

S. N. SINKHORN, Stamping Ground, Kentucky, was born 
in Lebanon, Kentucky, June 27, 1873, and has been in the 
coal business for nine years, the firm being known as 
Palmer & Sinkhorn. 

A. G. SPII.LMAN, General Superintendent St. Bernard 
Mining Co., Earlington, Kentucky, was born in Kentucky 
January 27, 1861, and has been in the coal business for 
nineteen years. He has acted as State Mine Inspector. 

MARTIN L. SPURLING, Campbellsville, Kentucky, was 
born in Taylor County, Kentucky, June 10, 1865, and has 
been in the coal business about fourteen years. He owns 
the Campbellsville Coal Co. 

J. W. STEPHENS, Berea, Kentucky, was born at Berea, 
Kentucky, July 8, 1868, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-one years. 

"WILLIAM STEPHENS, President and Manager Petersburg 
Coal Co., Petersburg, Kentucky, was born in Hebron, Ken- 
tucky, and has been in the coal business for two years. 

WALKER W. STEVENSON, Superintendent Kentucky Sol- 
vay Coke Co., Ashland, Kentucky, was born in New York 
September 9, 1882, and has been in the coal business for 
eight years. He was formerly with the Semet Solvay Co. 

BEN ETHAN TATE, President Ajax Elkhorn Coal Co., Ash- 
land, Kentucky, was born in Mt. Vernon, Illinois, September 
4, 1890, and has been in the coal business about five and a 
half years. He is General Manager of the Clere-Elkhorn 
Coal Co., Manager and Purchasing Agent of the Interstate 
Coal & Dock Co. of Green Bay, Wisconsin, and was for- 
merly with the Tate Coal Co. 

FIELDING KENLEY TRIBBLE, Danville, Kentucky, was 
born near Danville, Kentucky, September 21, 1859, and has 
been in the retail coal business for thirteen years. 

R. L. WHEELER, President and Manager Brush Creek 
Mining & Manufacturing Co., Wheeler, Kentucky, was born 
in Caryville, Tennesse, January 15, 1879, and has been in 
the coal business for fifteen years. He was formerly with 
the Red Ash Coal Co., Remey Coal Co., The LaFollette Coal, 
Iron & Railway Co., and others. Mr. Wheeler is a well 
known coal operator. 

N. M. WHITE, Colonial Coal & Coke Co., Prestonsburg, 
Kentucky, was born in Ohio in 1861, and has been in the 
coal business over forty years. He was with the Superior 
Coal Co. twenty-three years. 

EUGENE M. WILLIAMS, Frankfort, Kentucky, was born 
in Frankfort, October 10. 1862, and has been engaged in the 
coal business twenty-seven years. 

HENRY CHESTER WILLIAMSON, Superintendent Hercu- 
les Coal Co., Morganfleld, Kentucky, was born in Gallitzin, 
Pennsylvania, November 13, 1885, and has been in the coal 
business for nine years. 
Kentucky. 

ROBERT G. WILMOTT, Manager of the R. G. Wilmott 
Coal Co., London. Kentucky, was born in Rockcastle County, 
Kentucky, November 9, 1882, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for seven years. 

D. T. WILSON of James S. Wilson & Bro., Paris, Kentucky, 
was born in Bourbon County in 1853, and has been in the 
coal business for seventeen years. 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON WOOD, General Manager and 
Secretary King Harlan Mining Co., Kildav, Harlan Coun- 
ty, Kentucky, was born in Richmond, Virginia, September 
21, 1870, and has been in the coal business for twenty-six 
years. He was formerly connected with the Petros Coal 
Co., Big Brushy Coal & Coke Co., Brushy Mountain Coal 
Mines, Bon Air Coal Co., and Tennessee Coal, Iron & Rail- 
way Co. He was Chief State Mine Inspector of Tennessee, 
and is a member of the American Institute of Mining Engi- 
neers, enjoying a reputation in Kentucky and surrounding 
states as a consulting and designing engineer as well as a 
coal operator. 

JOHN WRIGHT of the City Fuel Co., Hickman, Ken- 
tucky, was born in Hickman, Kentucky, and has been en- 
gaged in the coal business for a period of three years. 

EDGAR M. YOUNG, Providence, Kentucky, was born in 
Providence in 1887 and has been mining coal eleven years. 
He was formerly connected with the Cuckman Coal Co. and 
Highland Mining Co. 



142 



LOUISIANA 



ALTHOUGH Louisiana produces no coal within 
its borders, it has figured long and prominently 
in coal trade history. One of the earliest records 
of the American bituminous coal industry is of a ship- 
ment from Illinois to New Orleans in 1810, down the 
Big Muddy and Mississippi rivers. While such move- 
ments of Illinois now seem musty traditions of the past, 
the same cannot be said of the coal barges that have 
floated down the Ohio and Mississippi from the Penn- 
sylvania and western Kentucky fields. Indeed, until 
within the past two or three years, the river movement 
of coal to New Orleans, which represents the major 
factor in Louisiana consumption, far overshadowed the 
all-rail movement, emphasizing, in a striking way, the 
late James J. Hill's famous remark with reference to 
the natural flow to the Gulf. 

Before the withdrawal of the Pittsburgh barge coal 
movement the water receipts at Xew Orleans approxi- 
mated 1,000,000 tons per annum. Sixty-five per cent. 
of this tonnage was floated down from Pittsburgh, the 
other 35 per cent, came from the western Kentucky field. 
According to testimony introduced before the Interstate 
Commerce Commission, prior to the withdrawal men- 
tioned, the land consumption was over 1,000,000 tons 



a year and the bunker and fueling tonnages approxi- 
mated 850,000 tons. Of the water-borne tonnage men- 
tioned 10,000 tons were consumed locally by the domes- 
tic trade, 650,000 tons went for cargo and bunker coal, 
225,000 tons was used by one railroad system and 125,- 
000 tons were shipped to points west of the city. Later 
figures compiled by the Bureau of Foreign and Domes- 
tic Commerce credit the New Orleans district with 546,- 
020 tons of fuel and bunker coal to steamships engaged 
in foreign trade in 1915, while the export figures for 
the same year show 215 tons of anthracite and 12,132 
tons of bituminous coal moving through the customs 
district. 

Taking the state as a whole, both its per capita con- 
sumption (i. e., .82 ton bituminous coal and .01 ton 
anthracite) and square mile consumption (31 tons) are 
far below the averages for the country as a whole. Ac- 
cording to the 1915 United States Geographical Survey 
figures its internal domestic and industrial consump- 
tion totaled only 1,477,886 tons of bituminous coal and 
1 5,000 tons of anthracite. Its bituminous supplies were 
drawn from five states, Alabama furnishing 717,437 
tons; Pennsylvania, 478,011; Kentucky, 215,007; Illi- 
nois, 67,338, and Arkansas, 93 tons. 



LOUISIANA 



S. C. HLACKMOX, Manager S. C. Blackmon Fuel Yard, 
Monroe, Louisiana, was born in Louisiana January 22, 1879, 
and has been in the coal business six years. 

IIKVJAMIN CXAASSEN, SR„ Vice President Cahaba Red 
Ash Coal Co., Xew Orleans Louisiana, was born at New 
Orleans, Louisiana, January 29, 1849. Mr. Claassen is a very 
active man and is the moving spirit of the company, of 
which his son, Benjamin, Jr., is President and General Man- 
ager. 

JOSEPH II. nVCHAMF, Secretary-Treasurer Duchamp 
Hardware Co., St. Martinsville, Louisiana, was born in St. 
Martinsville, Louisiana, July 20, 1882, and has been in the 
coal business for fourteen years. 

ii'iiikht n. BKKVKS, Vice President and General. Mana- 
ger W. G. Coyle & Co., Inc., New Orleans, Louisiana, was 
born in Todd County, Kentucky, December 19, 1877, and has 
been In the coal business for three years. He was formerly 
with the Illinois Central Railroad and Mississippi Central 
Railroad. 

J. CHAIU.ES Jl\«, Vice President Jung & Sons Co.. New 
Orleans, Louisiana, was born In New Orleans, Louisiana, 
October 8, 18B9, and has been in the coal business for twen- 
ty-five years. He was formerly connected with Jung & 
Sons. 



LOUIS A. JUNG, President Jung & Sons Co.. New Orleans, 
Louisiana, was born in Martinique January 9, 1844, and has 
been in the coal business for thirty-five years. He was 
formerly with Desforges & Jung and Jung & Sons. 

THEODORE A. JI ; NO, Secretary-Treasurer Jung & Sons 
Co.. New Orleans, Louisiana, was born In New Orleans, 
Louisiana, December 10, 1870, and has been In the coal busi- 
ness for twenty-one years. He was formerly with Jung & 
Sons. 

i.ioni.i ItEMlEltT FRENCH, Manager of the Southern 
Coal Co., Inc.. New Orleans, Louisiana, was born in Liv- 
ingston, Kentucky, July 27, 1883, and has been In the coal 
business for three years. 

i hi u W. M'llAHFEXSTEIN. Manager of Scharfensteln 
A Son, New Orleans, Louisiana, was born in New Orleans, 
Louisiana, October 23, 1890, and has been In the coal busi- 
ness for eight years. 

JACOB F\ srilAHl T.NVIEIN, President Scharfensteln & 
Son, New Orleans, Louisiana, was born In New Orleans, 
Louisiana, November 8, 1868, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for eight years. 

JOSHUA C. wf.hnkh. Manager of the Pittsburgh Coal 
Co., Baton Rouge, Louisiana, was born In West Elizabeth, 
Pennsylvania, February 19, 1874, and has been in the coal 
business for fifteen years. He was formerly with the Monon- 
gahela River Consolidated Coal & Coke Co. 



143 



MARYLAND 



[Including Data on District of Columbia. 



ANY attempt to use existing current tonnage fig- 
ures as the sole criterion of the position occupied 
by Maryland in the bituminous coal trade his- 
tory of the country would result in misleading conclu- 
sions because the high character and wide distribution 
of the product of the Maryland mines gives the state a 
fuel importance not equaled by some commonwealths 
outranking it upon the purely statistical tonnage basis. 
With its high grade semi-bituminous or smokeless beds, 
including the well-known Georges Creek smithing coal, 
Maryland is able to effect national distribution. 

The principal coal deposits of the state lie in 
Allegany and Garrett counties, along the Penn- 
sylvania-Maryland and Pennsylvania-West Virginia- 
Maryland boundary lines. The coal measures are 
in an area estimated to contain 455 square 
miles. Next to Georgia, with its estimated area of 167 
square miles, this is the smallest coal bearing area in 
any of the producing states of the Appalacbian region. 
The Maryland coal fields, with adjoining counties in 
West Virginia, make up what is known as the Cumber- 
land, or Georges Creek, region. The coals of the state 
occur in five basins, designated as the Georges Creek, 
Upper Potomac, Castleman, Lower and Upper Youghi- 
ogheny basins. Present production is largely confined 
to workings in the Georges Creek and Upper Potomac 
basins, which are a true semi-bituminous, while those 
of the other three are for the most part bituminous in 
character. These basins contain a number of recog- 
nized beds or seams, including the Upper Sewickley or 
Tyson seam, the Pittsburgh or Big Vein, the Bakers- 
town, Upper Freeport, Lower Kittanning or Six-foot 
and the Clarion bed. Until the early part of the present 
century practically all of the coal mined in the state 
came from the Pittsburgh seam, "but the gradual ex- 
haustion of this wonderful seam has led to the ex- 
ploitation with most satisfactory results of many of the 
small veins both above and below the chief seam. 
There is unquestionably a great future for these smaller 
seams in Maryland, especially in the Upper Potomac 
basin 1 in southern Garrett county, where they reach 
greatest thickness. The total amount of coal in these 
small seams exceeds many fold that originally contained 
in the big vein."' It is estimated that the Maryland 
fields still contain 7,500,000,000 tons of unmined coal. 



Analysis of the average composition of coals of the 
Georges Creek basin, as made by the Maryland Geo- 
logical Survey, shows the following: 



Mols- Vola- Fixed 



Sul- 



tile. 


carbon. 


Ash. 


phur. 


BTU. 


20.22 


70.09 


8.86 


1.40 


14,011 


18.78 


73.13 


7.12 


1.02 


14,256 


18.64 


70.32 


9.94 


2.07 


13,973 


19.47 


68.70 


10.17 


1.73 


13,975 


19.52 


67.20 


12.01 


2.13 


13,471 


21.04 


68.83 


9.22 


1.30 


13,912 



Seam. ture. 

Upper Sewickly ... .83 

Pittsburgh 70 

Bakerstown 1.10 

Upper Freeport.... 1.21 
Lower Kittaning... 1.26 
Brookville 91 

The first discovery of coal in Maryland dates back to 
1782 ; shipments, however, were not made until nearly 
fifty years later (1830), when small tonnages were sent 
by barge from the Georges Creek basin to points along 
the Potomac river. Six years later the first corporate 
coal mining enterprise in the state was launched. It 
was not until the construction of the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad in 1842 and of the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal 
eight years later that the industry secured a pro- 
nounced impetus. From 1842 to 1852 there was a 
steady increase in output, the annual tonnage rising 
from 2,104 tons to 812,727 tons. The 1,000,000-ton 
mark was first passed in 1865, when the output reached 
1,025,208 tons. Production rose to 2,210,300 tons in 
1860 and dropped back to 1,819.824 tons in 1870J 
The. output by years since that date is shown in the 
following table: 



Year. 

1871.. 

1872.. 

1873.. 

1874.. 

1875.. 

1876.. 

1877.. 

1878.. 

1879.. 

1880.. 

1881.. 

1882.. 

1883.. 

1884.. 

1885.. 

1886... 

1887.., 

1888.. 

1889.. 

1890... 

1891... 

1892... 

1893... 



Ton. 

,670,338 
,647,156 
,198,911 
;899,392 
,808,018 
,126,873 
939,575 
,068,925 
,132,233 
.228,917 
,533,348 
555,445 
,476,075 
,765,617 
,833,337 
,517,577 
,278,023 
,479,470 
,939,715 
357,813 
820,239 
419,962 
716,041 



Year. 

1894.. 

1895.. 

1896.. 

1897.! 

1898.. 

1899.. 

1900.. 

1901.. 

1902.. 

1903.. 

1904.. 

1905.. 

1906.. 

1907.. 

1908.. 

1909.. 

1910.., 

1911.. 

1912.. 

1913.. , 

1914... 

1915... 

1916.. 



Ton. 

501,428 
,915,585 
143,936 
442,128 
,674,884 
,807,396 
,024,688 
113,127 
271,609 
846,165 
,813,622 
108,539 
435,453 
532,628 
377,093 
023,241 
217,125 
685,795 
964,038 
779,839 
133,547 
180,477 
,460,046 



144 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



In addition to consuming 20 per cent, of its produc- 
tion within its own borders 1915 distribution figures 
show that 45 per cent, of the output was shipped all- 
rail to over 20 states. Of these interstate shipments 
by far the greater part — over 90 per cent. — were sent 
to New England, New York and Pennsylvania. Twen- 
ty-five per cent, of the total production was shipped to 
the ports of Baltimore and New York for foreign ex- 
port, for use us bunker fuel and for coastwise transorta- 
tion to New England points. Less than 10 per cent. 
of the production was consumed by the railroads. In 
di tail the distribution for the year was as follows: 
Used in Maryland. Ton. 

Used at mines 64,588 

Sold to local trade. 38,908 

Shipped to Maryland and District of Columbia 
points 748,673 

Total used in Maryland and District of Co- 
lumbia points 852,169 

Shipped to other States: 

California and Washington 10,244 

New Kngiand t>30,097 

Delaware 9,327 

Illinois 20,783 

Indiana 6,947 

Iowa and Kentucky 5,898 

Michigan 48,124 

Missouri and Texas 9,090 

Montana 58 

New Jersey 33,561 

New fork *567,421 

Ohio 37,305 

Pennsylvania 505,860 

Virginia 787 

West Virginia 6,525 

Total shipped to other States (all rail) 1,892,027 

Shipped to tidewater 1,049,160 

Used by railroads 387,121 

Total production 4,180,477 

•Includes small quantity exported to Canada by rail. 



Considering Maryland and the District, of Columbia 
as one consuming unit the total per capita consumption 
(1.93 tons bituminous coal and .86 ton anthracite) was 
slightly in excess of the per capita average for the coun- 
try, while the square mile consumption, 432 tons, was 
three and one-half times the national average. Exclu- 
sive of tidewater coal dumped at Baltimore and used in 
Chesapeake bay, the state drew upon Pennsylvania for 
its major bituminous supplies, with West Virginia push- 
ing the home mines closely for second honorsJ In de- 
tail the consumption was as follows: Maryland, 852,- 
169; Pennsylvania, 1,514,354; Virginia, 3,913; West 
Virginia, 814,379 ; tidewater, 700,000, approximate fig- 
ures representing Maryland, Pennsylvania and West 
Virginia coal dumped at Baltimore and used in Chesa- 
peake bay; total, 3,884,815; anthracite, 1,470,000. 

No account of the Maryland coal industry would be 
complete without at least a passing reference to the 
trade at Baltimore which consumes over 20 per cent, 
of the total fuel used within the district under review, 
and, in addition, is one of the major clearing ports for 
coastwise and export fuel shipments. During 1915 the 
total coal receipts at the port were 7,657,097 tons 
(6,749,336 tons bituminous and 907,761 tons anthra- 
cite) ; in addition, coke receipts totaled 95,943 tons. 
Coastwise shipments, including foreign and domestic 
bunker coal and coal used in Baltimore harbor and 
Chesapeake bay. totaled 3,912,476 tons of bituminous 
coal and 241,689 tons of anthracite, while export tide- 
water shipments totaled 2,129.642 tons of bituminous 
coal, 3,532 tons of anthracite and 39,526 tons of coke. 
This would leave a total consumption of 1,426,175 tons 
of coal and coke, viz., 707,218 tons of bituminous, 662,- 
540 tons of anthracite and 56,417 tons of, coke for Balti- 
more : but all-rail shipments to neighboring communities 
would probably reduce, this total to some slight extent. 
Excluding the local bituminous consumption, 707,218 
tons, the bituminous receipts were distributed as follows: 
Foreign cargo, 2,129,642 tons; foreign bunker, 653,664; 
coastwise cargo, 1 ,873,552 ; coastwise bunker, 232,732 ; 
Baltimore harbor and Chesapeake bay points. 1,152.528 
tons. 



145 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





DOUGLAS GORMAN, llnltimore, Mnrylund, 

President Cumberland Coal Co., Baltimore, Maryland, was 
born in Annapolis, Maryland, May 13, 1882, and has been in 
the coal business for sixteen years. He is also President of 
the Gorman Coal & Coke Co., Piedmont Mining Co., and 
the Wyanoke Coal & Coke Co. The Cumberland Coal Co., 
in addition to its large wholesale trade, is one of the old- 
est and largest retail distributors of bituminous coal in 
Baltimore. 



Wl 1,1,1 AM II. GORMAN, Baltimore, Maryland, 

Late President and organizer of the Cumberland Coal Co., 
Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Woodstock, Maryland, 
August 11. 1843, and had been engaged in the coal business 
for over thirty years. Mr. Gorman also organized and was 
the executive head of the Gorman Coal & Coke Co., Piedmont 
Mining Co., and Wyanoke Coal & Coke Co. He was one of 
the substantial men in the business and financial group of 
Baltimore. His death occurred July 5, 1915. 





J. WAI.BACR EDELRN, Baltimore, Maryland, 

President Enterprise Fuel Co. and Edwena Coal Mining Co., 
Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Bryantown, Maryland, 
December 10, 1875, and has been in the coal business 
eighteen years. He is Chairman of the Executive Commit- 
tee of the Baltimore Coal Exchange and is well known in 
the trade. 



J. HARRY WEST, Baltimore, Maryland, 

Vice President of the Enterprise Fuel Co., Baltimore, Mary- 
land, was born in Hagerstown, Maryland, March 22, 1873, 
and has been in the coal business for nineteen years. He 
is an active officer of the Baltimore Coal Exchange, Director 
National Retail Coal Merchants Association and Vice Presi- 
dent Edwena Coal Mining Co. Mr. West is highly regarded 
and has many friends in the trade. 



146 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOHN K. SHAW, llnlllniore Maryland, 

President of the Century Coal Co. of 
West Virginia, Baltimore, was born 
in Cumberland, Maryland, October 7, 
1875, and has been in the coal business 
covering a period of twenty-four 
years. He is also President of Shaw 
Bros., the National Union Coal Mining 
Co. of Iowa and the Indian Fork Coal 
& Coke Co. Mr. Shaw was previously 
connected with the Cumberland & Elk 
Lick Coal Co. and the Loudening Coal 
Co. 



in -VI \ M I N lllSSKl.l,, Baltimore, 

General Manager of The Century Coal 
Co. of West Virginia, Baltimore, was 
born in Maryland and has been in the 
coal business fifty-one years. Mr. 
Bissell has a wide and extensive ac- 
quaintance in the coal producing field. 



WILLIAM I.. COONKY, Baltimore, 

Vice President and a Director of The 
Century Coal Co. of West Virginia, 
Baltimore, was born in Baltimore, 
February 2, 1870, and has been in the 
coal business thirty-three years. He 
is also Secretary-Treasurer of the In- 
dian Fork Coal & Coke Co. of West 
Virginia and the National Union Coal 
Mining Co. of Iowa. 




JOHN J. Slli:i:ll \\, Baltimore. Maryland, 

President Dominion Coal & Coke Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 
was born in Baltimore, Maryland, November 15, 1880, and 
has been in the coal business for eighteen years. He is 
also President of the Elk Garden Big Vein Co. and Treas- 
urer of the Big Vein Pocahontas Co., and was formerly with 
the Merchants Coal Co. and Stafford Coal Co. 




T. FRANK SIIEKHAN. Baltimore, Maryland, 

Treasurer Dominion Coal & Coke Co., Baltimore, Maryland, 
was born in Baltimore, Maryland, January 29. 1882, and has 
been In the coal business for sixteen years. He is also 
interested in the Klk Garden Big Vein Coal Co., and was 
previously connected With the Merchants Coal Co. 



147 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





CHARLES F. K I : II ( II \ I ;n. Baltimore, Maryland, 

Sole owner of Hall Bros. & Co.. Baltimore, Maryland, was born 
in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1859, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-eight years. He was formerly con- 
nected with the Monongah Coal & Coke Co. and the Natalie 
Anthracite Coal Co. Both Mr. Kerchner and his company 
enjoy an exceptionally high reputation and he has occupied 
many positions of honor in the trade. He served as Im- 
perial Modoc of the Order KoKoal. 



\V. B, MeCAULEY, Baltimore, Maryland, 

Resident Manager of the Brothers Valley Coal Co., Balti- 
more, Maryland, was born in Baltimore. Maryland, October 
17, 1872, and has been in the coal business for eight years. 
Mr. McCauley was formerly in the railroad service for 
twenty-five years, being Division Chief for the Baltimore 
& Ohio Railroad. 



CHAS. \V. HENDLEY, Baltimore, Mil.. 
President C. W. Hendley & Co., Bal- 
timore, was born in Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia, June 20, 1878, and 
has been in the coal business twenty- 
one years. He was formerly with the 
Davis Coal & Coke Co. Mr. Hendley 
has served as Vice President of the 
Maryland Coal Jobbers Association 
and as a member of the Executive 
Committee of the National Coal Job- 
bers Association. 



M A R Y L A N D — Baltimore 

EDWARD TAYLOR BOSWELL, General Manager Min- 
eral State Coal Co., Baltimore. Maryland, was born in 
Baltimore, Maryland, August 13, 1882, and has been in 
the coal business for eighteen years. He was formerly 
connected with the Merchants Coal Co. 

THOMAS T. BOSWELL, President Mineral State Coal 
Co., Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Danville, Virginia, 
October 13, 1856, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-five years. He was formerly with the Merchants 
Coal Co. 

BURTON G. BUCK of Buck Bros.. Baltimore. Maryland, 
was born in Baltimore in 1861 and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-six years. He was formerly with Hall 
Bros. & Co. 

W. J. CHAPMAN, President W. J. Chapman Coal Co., 
Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Virginia, September 21, 
1848, and has been in the coal business for forty-two years. 

THOMAS WEST CLAGGETT of the Philadelphia & Read- 
ing Coal & Iron Co., Baltimore, Maryland, was born in 
Maryland, August 4, 1869, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-four years. He is one of the best known an- 
thracite sales agents in that section. 

J. A. DINNING, Sales Agent of the Keystone Coal & Coke 
Co., Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Quebec, Canada, in 
the year 1866, and has been in the coal business for fifteen 
years. 

J. FRANK FOSTER, Baltimore Manager Thorne, Neale 
& Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Woodlawn, 
Maryland, January 24, 1865, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness thirteen years. 

LESLIE ROCKWELL HARRISON of Harrison & Rouse, 
Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, 
August 16, 1893, and has been in the coal business for four 
years. 

ROBERT HETO, Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Balti- 
more December 4, 1852, and has been in the coal business 
fifty-two years. He was formerly connected with Geo. 
Hetz. H. Schmidt & Co. and Robert Lange. His son, John 
R. Hetz, is the third generation in the coal trade. 

CHARLES C. KRiOBELOCH, Sales Manager The Davis 
Coal & Coke Co., Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Balti- 
more, Maryland, March 21, 1881, and has been in the coal 
business for nineteen years. 



148 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOHN C. LEWIS, President The Lewis Fuel Co., Inc., 
Baltimore. Maryland, was born In Washington, D. C, No- 
vember 26, 1871, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-eight years. He was formerly connected with Gilmor 
Meredith & Co. and the Consolidation Coal Co. 

FRANCIS «;. PATTERSON, Treasurer The Lewis Fuel Co., 
Baltimore, Maryland, was born In England August 17, 1875, 
and has been in the coal business for eleven years. He is 
also interested in the Laurel Hill Mining Co. and was for- 
merly with the Quemahoning Coal Co. 

REI HEX II. l'l.V'lT of Weston Dodson & Co., Baltimore, 
Maryland, was born In Cheater, Pennsylvania, June 13, 18M, 
and has been in the coal business eighteen years. 

BENJAMIN III <;i:it UK A I), President Lynah & Read, Inc., 
Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Charleston, South Caro- 
lina. December 16, 1856, and has been In the coal business 
for twenty-eight years. He is also interested in the mining of 
bituminous coal in West Virginia, being Vice President of 
the Preston Coal Co. Lynah & Read was organized in the 
year 1890, although Mr. Lynah had been in the coal busi- 
ness since 1868. Mr. Lynah died in 1901. 

QUO. BDWABD Hi: Mil. of Reahl Bros.. Baltimore, Mary- 
land, was born in Baltimore June 4, 1870, and has been in 
the coal business twenty-one years, 

JOHN J. HE AMI, of Reahl Bros., Baltimore, Maryland, 
was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in August, 1877, and has 
been in the coal business for eighteen years. • 

HAMILTON WKI.I.S KOINE: of Harrison & Rouse, Balti- 
more, Maryland, was born July 25, 1894, at Baltimore, Mary- 
land, and has been in the coal business for four years. 

EDWAHD FIT/.GKHAI.I) SHEA, Sales Manager Sexton 
Coal & Coke Co., Baltimore. Maryland, was born in Balti- 
more May 26, 1893, and has been in the coal business ten 
years. He was formerly connected with the Merchants Coal 
Co., Boswell Coal Co. and Big Vein Pocahontas Coal Co. 

JAMES M. SHEA. Treasurer Wright Coal & Coke Co., 
Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, 
August 18, 1882, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-one years. He is also interested in the Big Run 
Coal Co. 

AICISTIS L. SHITT of A. P. Shutt & Son, Baltimore. 
Maryland, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, February 21, 
1845, and has been in the coal business for fifty years. 

ROBEKT I). SII.VKHWOOI) of the A. F. Lawrence Coal Co., 
Baltimore, Maryland, has been in the coal business for 
fifty-six years, and has served as Secretary of the Balti- 
more Coal Exchange. Mr. Silverwood was born in 1852. 

OOHDON SMITH, Vice President Maryland Coal Co. of 
West Virginia, with offices at 1307-9 Munsey Building, Bal- 
timore, Maryland, was born in Baltimore, and has been 
eighteen years in the coal business. 

BDWABD STAB1.EH, Jll„ formerly President E. Stabler 
Jr. Coal Co., Baltimore, Maryland, was born at Sandy Spring, 
Maryland, March 16, 1836, and has been in the coal business 
sixty years. He was interested in the Short Mountain Coal 
Co. (anthracite) as Secretary and Treasurer, and President 
of the Blaen-Avon Coal Mining Co. (bituminous), both now 
out of business, and from its incorporation in April, 1903, 
to October 1, 1917. was President of the Enterprise Fuel Co., 
which bought the equipment, coal, etc., of the E. Stabler 
Jr. Co. when It went out of business the last of October, 
1917. He made a connection with the Enterprise Co., which 
also took over the office and good will. Mr. Stabler repre- 
senting the patronage. 

HENRI QBOBSB VON HEINE. Baltimore, Maryland, was 
born In Baltimore March 30, 1858, and has been in the coal 
business thirty-six years. He is Vice President of the Bal- 
timore Coal Exchange and is one of the well known retail 
coal merchants of Baltimore. 

J. BDWABD WAESCHE, Treasurer-General Manager of 
the company bearing his name at Baltimore, Maryland, was 
born at Thurmont October 15, 1872. and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-two years. He was formerly with 
the Chesapeake Coal Co. 

Ill HIIKOD M. WATTS, Baltimore, Maryland, was born in 
Maryland in 1861 and has been in the coal business for 
thirty-one years, associated with E. A. Watts. Mr. Watts 
has taken an active Interest in civic affairs and Is a mem- 
ber of the Baltimore Coal Exchange, serving as President 
for a period of ten years or more. He Is one of the best 
known and most popular coalmen in the city. 

EDWARD A. WATTS. Baltimore. Maryland, was born in 
Baltimore in 1859 and has been in the coal business for 
thirty-one years, associated with B. M. Watts. He is a 
member of the Baltimore Coal Exchange. 

RICHARD W. WRICiHT. President Wright Coal & Coke 
Co., Baltimore, Maryland, was born in Ireland, and has been 
In the coal business for twenty-one years. He is also 
Interested In the Big Run Coal Co. and was formerly with 
J. W. Ellsworth Coal Co. Merchants Coal Co., Boswell Coal 
Co. and the Hit; Vein Pocahontas Coal Co. 



MARYLAND 

JEFFERSON D. II A It (Ills, chestertown, Maryland, was 
born in Chestertown, Maryland, December 3, 1861, and has 
been In the coal business for thirty-six years. Mr. Barchus 
is widely known in his part of the state and is connected 
with a number of firms in various capacities aside from oper- 
ating a successful retail business in coal. 

D. s. hover of Boyer & Heard, Hagerstown, Maryland, 
was born In Washington County, Maryland, November 3, 
1839, and has been in the coal business for fifty years. 

JOHN I,. CASEY, Frostburg, Maryland, is now State In- 
spector of Mines. Mr. Casey Is a well known coal man In 
his state. 

CHARLES W, COHDDKY, Treasurer The Corddry Co.. 
Snow Hill, Maryland, was born in Snow Hill, Maryland, in 
1871, and has been in the coal business for nineteen years. 
Mr. Corddry served as Mayor 1914-1918. 

WILLIAM D. CORDDRY, President The Corddry Co., 
Inc., Snow Hill, Maryland, was born in Snow Hill, Mary- 
land, July 12. 1863, and has been in the coal business since 
1888, succeeding the Snow Hill Coal & Ice Co. Mr. Corddry 
was Mayor 1902-1912. 

ALWYN M. CULP of W. S. & A. M. Culp. Chestertown, 
Maryland, was born in Kennedyville, Maryland, August 27, 
1870, and has been in the coal business for twenty-six years. 

DAVID K. CISHWA, Hagerstown, Maryland, was born 
in Williamsport, Maryland, in 1869, and has been In the 
coal business about thirty years, associated with his broth- 
er, Victor M. Cushwa, and like his brother is very active 
in public affairs and numerous other enterprises, aside 
from the coal business. 

VICTOR M. CUSHWA, Hagerstown, Maryland, was born 
in Williamsport, Maryland, March 12, 1865, and has been 
in the coal business about thirty years, succeeding his 
father, the late Victor Cushwa. Mr. Cushwa is a public 
spirited man and is interested in numerous other enter- 
prises aside from his large interests in the coal business. 
This firm is one of the oldest coal shipping firms in Mary- 
land. 

RAYMOND (;. FORD of Markell & Ford, Frederick, Mary- 
land, was born in Maryland, January 23, 1868, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-three years. He was for- 
merly with Keller, Newman & Co. 

WILLIAM I,. HAMILTON, Mt. Savage, Maryland, General 
Manager Brailer Mining Co., was born in Frostburg, Mary- 
land, August 13, 1880, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-five years. He was formerly with the Union 
Mining Co. and the Black-Sheridan-Wilson Co. 

SAMUEL D. MARKLEY, proprietor of D. Markley Supply 
Co., Lauraville, Maryland, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, 
August 2(1, INTO, and has been in the coal business twenty- 
six years. 

ORION C. MICHAEL, Aberdeen, Maryland, was born in 
the state of Maryland and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-nine years. 

HENRY B. MYERS, President The Henry B. Myers Co., 
Annapolis, Maryland, was born in Annapolis, Maryland, May 
10, 1857, and has been in the coal business for thirty-four 
years. 

JACOB M. NEWMAN of J. M. Newman & Co., Frederick. 
Maryland, was horn in Hanover, Pennsylvania. October 12, 
1843, and has been in the coal business for twenty-five 
years. 

JOHN L. REIFSNIDEH, JR.. of Smith & Reifsnider, 
Westminster, Maryland, was born in Westminster, Mary- 
land, in July, 1873, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-three years, associated with Joseph W. Smith, do- 
ing a prosperous business. Mr. Keifsnider is interested In 
a number of other companies. 

EDWIN .1. ROBERTS, Manager Allegany Coal Co.. West- 
ernport, Maryland, was born in Westernport. Maryland, In 
1865, and has been in the coal business for six years. 

JOSEPH W. SMITH of Smith * Reifsnider. Westminster, 
Maryland, was born In Westminster. Maryland. In July, 1861. 
and has been In the coal business for thirty-three years 
the firm having been organized in 1863 by the uncle and 
grandfather of the members of this firm. Mr. Smith is 
prominent in his community, being Interested In numerous 
other enterprises aside from a prosperous ooal business. 

LAWBBNOS H. low Ills of I.. H. Towers A Bro., Den- 
ton, Maryland, was born in Towers Wharf, Maryland, Feb- 
ruary 12. 1872. and has been In the coal business for twenty- 
four years. 



149 



MICHIGAN 



MICHIGAN has been in the ranks of coal-pro- 
ducers for over three-quarters of a century, but 
it is only only within the last twenty years that 
serious and intensive development of the resources of 
the state has been undertaken and even today its prox- 
imity from a transportation point of view to the 
great surplus output of the major eastern and southern 
fields confines its mining activities to home and railroad 
consumption, while its manufacturing enterprises, par- 
ticularly in the furniture and automobile lines, have 
made it an attractive territory for sales cultivation by 
other producing fields. As a result it is as a coal con- 
sumer that it looms large in fuel history. 

The coal fields of the state, having an area of ap- 
proximately 11,000 square miles, is in almost the exact 
center of the lower peninsula and are the only known 
fields within the drainage area of the Great Lakes. 
While the Michigan coal bearing measures are char- 
tered to underlie all or parts of Arenac. Bay, Clare, 
Eaton, Clinton, Genesee, Gladwin, Gratiot, Ingham, 
Ionia, Jackson, Isabella, Kent, Livingston, Mecosta, 
Midland, Montcalm, Newaygo, Osceola, Saginaw, Shia- 
wassee and Tuscola counties, commercial operations of 
recent years have been confined to Bay, Clinton, Eaton, 
Genesee, Ingham, Saginaw, Shiawassee and Tuscola 
counties. Of the counties just named Bay and Sag- 
inaw are of the greatest importance since their com- 
bined production represents over 90 per cent, (over 94 
per cent, in 1915) of the total output of the state. 

"According to Prof. Alfred C. Lane," says the United 
States Geological Survey, "there are seven horizons 
where the coal occurs in workable thickness, although it 
was formerly supposed that there was only one work- 
able bed in the state. Owing to the varying character 
of the formation and the manner in which the coal beds 
run together and separate, no hard-and-fast classifica- 
tion is made, but the following, which has been adopted 
by Prof. Lane, is generally accepted as designating the 
different beds, namely: Upper Rider, Upper Verne, 
Lower Verne, Middle Rider, Saginaw, Lower Rider and 
Lower Coal. All of the coals produced in Michigan are 
of the dry, non-coking bituminous variety and are, as a 
usual thing, of lower grade than those coming from 
Ohio and Pennsylvania, with which they have to com- 
pete." 



Although the earliest federal government record of 
Michigan production is found in the Census for 1860^ 
when the output was given as 2,320 tons, the existence 
of coal deposits in the state was known for a consider- 
able period prior to that date. Some mining is said to 
have been done in the Jackson field as early as 1835 and 
operations were started at Grand Ledge, in Clinton 
county, in 1838. As long as the Wolverine State had 
her vast forest reserves to call upon wood was the 
principal fuel used and it was only with the continued 
depletion of these reserves that attention began to be 
focused upon the coal resources of the state. Prior to 
1897, when production rose from 92,882 tons to 223,592 
tons, there had been only four years in the history of the 
coal production of the state, viz., 1880, 1881, 1882 and 
1895, when the output had exceeded 100,000 tons. As 
will be seen by the figures following, the 1,000,000-ton 
mark was first attained in 1901, and, with the excep- 
tion of the year following, production has been in ex- 
cess of that figure since that time: 



Year. Ton. 

1898 315,722 

1899 624,708 

1900 849,475 

1901 1,241,241 

1902 964,718 

1903 1,367,619 

1904 1,342,840 

1905 1,473,211 

1906 1,346,338 

1907 2,035,858 



Year. 

1908.. 

1909.. 

1910.. 

1911... 

1912.. 

1913.. 

1914... 

1915... 

1916.. 



Ton. 

,835,019 

,784,692 

,534,967 

.476,074 

206,230 

231,786 

283,030 

156,138 

,180,360 



Figures for 1915 show that approximately 66 per 
cent, of the production for the year was consumed at 
the mines or by local domestic and industrial users 
within the state ; approximately 34 per cent, or 394,921 
tons, went to the railroads. 

Upon a per capita basis Michigan stands sixth in 
bituminous coal consumption. This serves to offset its 
lower average on anthracite and bring the total, 3.14 
tons (2.87 tons bituminous and .28 ton anthracite), 
above the average for the country as a whole, putting it 
thirteenth in the list. On the square mile basis its 
consumption, 192 tons, is greater by over 50 per cent, 
than the national average,. In 1915 the state consumed 
10,726,284 tons of bituminous coal and 838,800 tons of 
anthracite. Over 40 per cent, of the bituminous coal 



150 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 

used was supplied l»v the Weal Virginia mines, while Source. Ton. Source. Ton. 

the home state operatJona, with 66 per cent of theii Illino,s 83 ' 256 Vir £ inia 29 . 2 °5 

. , • , , , ,, .. Indiana 6,086 West Virginia. . . 4,326,412 

production represented, furnished less than 7.5 percent. Kentucky i.oei^o Lake coal 558,000 

ol the states requirements. Exclusive of lake cargo Maryland 48,121 

coal, coal from Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Michigan 761,217 Total bituminous. 10,276,284 

Virginia contributed more than 85 per cent, of the total ohl ° 1,453,869 Pennsylvania an- 

bituminoua fuel used hv Michigan householders and l*™^™™ ••■ i.»«.236 thracite 838,800 

industries. In detail the figures for the year were as n 115084 

follows : 



151 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




JAMES ALFRED BALLARD, Detroit, Michigan, 
Sales Manager of the Semet Solvay Co. and Solvay Collieries Co., 
Detroit, was born August 10, 1874, in Syracuse, New York, and has 
been in the coal business fifteen years. His entire business experi- 
ence has been with this same company. 

Mr. Ballard bears an exceptional reputation in trade circles and is 
considered one of the most popular and capable men in the coal trade. 

He has served as Vice President of the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Coal 
Association, President Detroit Coal Exchange and Imperial Modoc of 
Order KoKoal and President National Coal Association, and has been 
honored with numerous other offices. 

He has been prominent in Masonic circles, being a Past Master, Past 
Commander and Potentate of the Mystic Shrine. 



152 



COAL MEN OP" AMERICA 




H. T. WILSON, Detroit, Michigan, 

President of the Norfolk & Chesapeake Coal Co. and of 
the H. T. Wilson Coal Co. of Detroit. Michigan, is one of 
the well-known and successful wholesale coal merchants 
of Detroit. Mr. Wilson has been in the coal business for 
the past twenty-two years and was formerly connected with 
Little & Wilson and the Camp Branch Coal & Coke Co. 





W. II. II. IIOHSKY, li. ii. .11. Michigan, 

Secretary and Treasurer of the Norfolk & Chesapeake Coal 
Co. and H. T. Wilson Coal Co. of Detroit, Michigan, was 
born at Cincinnati, Ohio, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-seven years. Previous to going with his present 
company he was connected with the Hull Coal & Coke Corp. 
and Red Jacket Coal Co. 



\i i i \ n. •» 1 1 . Detroit, Michigan. 

Assistant to President of the Norfolk & Chesapeake Coal 
Co. at Detroit, Michigan, was born August 13, 1879, in 
Rochester. New York, and has been in the coal business- 
fifteen years. He is also Secretary and Treasurer of the I. 
T. Becker Coal Co. and Vice President of the H. T. Wllsoni 
Coal Co. He was formerly connected with the Consolidated 
Coal Co. of Saginaw, Michigan. 



153 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




FORD II. CATE, Detroit, Michiican, 

President of the Cate-Churchman Coal Co., Detroit, was 
born May 21, 1879, in Milford, Michigan, and has been in the 
coal business fifteen years. Mr.. Cate is one of the most 
popular Detroit wholesalers and was formerly connected 
with the W. C. Clark Coal Co., W. A. Gosline & Co., and 
Houston Coal Co. Mr. Cate also successfully served as Sec- 
retary of the Ohio Retail Coal Association and President 
Detroit Coal Exchange. 





DOOI-EY DAREWOOD DAVIDSON, Detroit, Michigan, 

Yin: President Cate-Churchman Coal Co.. Detroit, Michigan, 
was born November 7, 1870. in South Point, Ohio, and has" 
been in the coal business for the past eighteen years. Pre- 
vious to going with his present company he was connected 
with the National Fuel Co., Federal Creek Coal Co., Maynard 
Coal Co. and the New York Coal Co. 



ROBERT M. CHURCHMAN, Detroit, Michigan, 

Secretary and Treasurer of the Cate-Churchman Coal Co., 
Detroit, was born December 22, 1877, in Indianapolis, 
Indiana, and has been in the coal business ten years. Mr. 
Churchman is very popular in trade circles, and previous 
to going with his present company was connected with 
M. A. Hanna & Co. of Cleveland. He has served as a 
Director of the Detroit Coal Exchange. 



154 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




I .1 yir.lt C. CAI.VKirl', Detroit, Michigan, 

President J. Calvert's Sons, Detroit, was born August 
17, 1869, at Champaign, Illinois, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-rive years, associated first with his 
father and later with his brother. This firm is one of the 
old established and substantial retail coal companies of 
1>. troit. 





GEO. T. CALVKRT, Detroit, Michigan. 

Late President of J. Calvert's Sons, Detroit. Michigan, 
was born February 1, 1868, at Champaign, Illinois, and was 
in the coal business for forty years until his death in 1917. 
.Mr. Calvert was prominent in coal trade circles and for 
eighteen years was a member of the Kxecutive Committee 
of the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Coal Association, and also 
served as President. The business was established by John 
Calvert in 1876. The partnership of Geo. T. and Elmer C. 
was formed in 1893 as J. Calvert's Sons, and was later In- 
corporated under the same name. 



BOHKB Mil. I. Kit AI.I.KN, Detroit. Michigan, 

Manager Coal Department J. Calvert's Sons, Detroit, is one 
of the best known and best liked coal salesmen in the Mid- 
dle West. He was born May 14, 1877. In Conneaut, Ohio, 
and has been In the coal business over fifteen years. Mr. 
Allen was salesman for the W. L, Scott Co. and the Susque- 
hanna Coal Co., Erie, Pennsylvania, for twelve years, and 
represented W. A. Gosline & Co. in Michigan for three 
years. He has always taken a keen Interest In any move- 
ment for the betterment of the coal trade, was an active 
charier member in the tinier KoKoal. held office in that 
organisation for several years, and has a large acquain- 
tance In all branches of the Industry. He is a thirty-second 
degree Ma«on, Knight Templar and Shrincr. 



155 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





HARRY S. AYERS, Detroit, Michigan, 

Member of the wholesale coal firm of Ayers & Lang, Dime 
Savings Bank Building, Detroit, Michigan, was born In 
Dexter, Michigan, in 1870, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness sixteen years. He was formerly associated with W. C. 
Clark Coal Co. and O. W. Shipman Co., Detroit. He is 
President of The Purity Cannel Coal Co., Prestonsburg, 
Kentucky, Treasurer of Blue Beaver Coal Co., Prestonsburg, 
and part owner of Chat-ta-roi cannel mine at Offutt, Ken- 
tucky. 



WALTER I.. LANG, Detroit, Michigan, 

Member of the wholesale coal firm of Ayers & Lang, Dime 
Savings Bank Building, Detroit, Michigan, was born in 
Detroit in 1879 and has been in the coal business five years. 
He is Vice President of The Purity Cannel Coal Co. and of 
the Blue Beaver Coal Co., Prestonsburg, Kentucky, and part 
owner of Chat-ta-roi cannel mine at Offutt, Kentucky. 








JOSEPH WILLIAM DYKSTRA, Detroit, Michigan, 

Of J. W. Dykstra & Co., 820 Hammond Building, Detroit, 
Michigan, was born October 25, 1880, at Grand Rapids, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business for seventeen years. 
He is also President of the Blue Beaver Coal Co., and was 
formerly connected with the O. W. Shipman Co., Ayers & 
Morse Cpal Co. and Jules G. Hoffman. He has also served 
as a Director of the Detroit Coal Exchange. 



ALEX. J. /I \ 111 IK. Detroit, Michigan, 

Secretary and Treasurer of the J. W. Dykstra & Co., coal 
merchants of 820 Hammond Building, Detroit, Michigan, 
was born May 24, 1886, at Detroit and has been in the coal 
business for the past twelve years. He is also interested 
in the Blue Beaver Coal Co. and was formerly connected 
with the Brenner Coal Co. and Jules G. Hoffman. 












156 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JAMF-S I». MOHAN. Iletroit. Michigan, 

Wholesale coal merchant at 1324 Penobscot Building, De- 
troit, Michigan, was born January 11, 1879, in Detroit, and 
has been in the coal business twenty-three years. He was 
formerly connected with E. J. Corbett of Detroit and Burton, 
Beidler & Phillips of Cleveland. Ohio. 



DAVID S. 'WALSH, Detroit, Michigan, 

Sales Manager J. P. Moran & Co. of Detroit, Michigan, was 
born January 31, 1870, at Detroit, Michigan, and has been 
in the coal business for the past twenty-three years. 





' ii mi i - J. AM)Hi:ws. Detroit, MlchlKan, 

President The Morgan-Andrews Coal Co., Majestic Building, 
Detroit, Michigan, was born December 20, 1870, at Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia, and has been In the coal busi- 
ness for the past twenty years. Mr. Andrews was with The 
Turney & Jones Co. for three years and the Sunday Creek 
Co. for ten years, holding the management of their Detroit 
office, and later Vice President and Manager of Sales, before 
forming his present company. 



HI" II \itl> I,. AYI.WAHD. Detroit. Michigan. 

One of the best known and popular retail coal merchants 
of Detroit. Michigan, was born in Detroit December 1, 1869, 
and has been in the coal business there for over thirty 
years. Before going into business for himself he was con- 
nected with the firms of O. W. Shipman and Skae & Aylward 



157 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





EDWARD J. i lilllli: I "i\ Detroit, Michigan, 

Prominent wholesale coal merchant of Detroit, Michigan, 
was born March 23, 1865, at Groveport, Ohio, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-six years. In addition to 
his Detroit business Mr. Corbett has coal interests in Ohio 
and West Virginia. Previous to entering business for him- 
self he was connected with the Columbus & Hocking Coal & 
Iron Co. and H. D. Turney & Co. 



ARTHl'R D. CRONIN, Detroit, Michigan, 

President Pine Ridge Coal Co., 616 Union Trust Building, 
Detroit, was born May 3, 1883, in Hamilton, Ontario, and has 
been in the coal business twelve years. He is interested in 
the Cronin Coal Co. and the Black Hawk Colliery Co., and 
has a wide and favorable acquaintance in coal circles. Mr. 
Cronin was formerly Sales Manager of John T. Hesser Coal 
Co., Ohio & Michigan Coal Co. and Black Hawk Colliery Co. 




JAMES PETER CUMMISKEY, Detroit, Michigan, 

President of the Ohio & Michigan Coal Co., Inc., Detroit, was 
born January 28. 1872, in Detroit, and has been in the coal 
business thirty years. He was with O. W. Shipman for four- 
teen years before forming his present company. Mr. Cum- 
miskey is President of the New York Clay & Mining Co., 
Michigan & West Virginia Land & Mining Co., Big Creek 
Coal Co., Black Hawk Colliery Co., J. R. Morris Coal Co., and 
a Director of the Marsh-Fork Coal Co. 



CHARLES C. COREY, Detroit, Midi. 

AVholesale coal merchant of Detroit, 
was born October 1, 1879, in Chester- 
field, Michigan, and has been in the 
coal business for the past thirteen 
years. Mr. Corey was formerly con- 
nected with the Hutchinson Fuel Co., 
Fairmont, West Virginia, and the Sun- 
day Creek Coal Co. for eight years. 



158 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





\ I \ \ in I JOHNSON, Detroit, Michigan, 

Manager of the Island Creek Coal Co., Ford Building:, De- 
troit, was born September 8, 1877, in Petersburg. Virginia, 
and has been in the coal business seventeen years. He 
\v:is formerly in charge of the W. R. Johnson mines in West 
Virginia, Assistant General Manager and Treasurer of the 
Kanawha Fuel Co. at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Agent of the 
Cabin Creek Consolidated Coal Co. at Detroit, and General 
Bales Agent of the W. R. Johnson Coal Co. 



LYDA ..I ii I ill :m; MOSHER, Detroit, Michigan, 

In the coal business under her own name in the Book 
Building, Detroit, Michigan, was born September 26, 
1888, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal 
business thirteen years. Miss Mosher is an unusually 
capable coal salesman and has made a success ever since 
entering the trade. She was formerly connected with the 
Marine Coal Co. of Pittsburgh, Jewett, Bigelow & Brooks 
of Detroit, and in recent years was Secretary and Treasurer 
of the Southland Coal Co. 





I'llll.lP ii \i i I ii I \ Detroit, Michigan. 
Western Agent of Meeker & Co., Ford Building, De- 
troit, Michigan, was born October 19, 1869, at Paterson, 
New Jersey. He has been In the coal business for twenty- 
six years, the entire time with (he old established firm of 
Meeker & Co. 



I i>\\ IN MKIIHIM, SMITH, Detroit, Michigan, 
Sole Owner of the E. M. Smith Coal Co., 502-503 Owen 
Building. Detroit, Michigan, is also Interested in the L. Z. 
Netzorg Coal Co. of Toledo, Ohio. He was born August 24, 
1870, In Chicago. Illinois, and has been In the coal business 
twelve years. He was formerly Manager of the Detroit 
office of the W. H. Warner Coal Co. of Ohio and Inter- 
ested in that company, from which he resigned April 1, 1918. 



159 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 














ARTHUR S. AINSWOHTH, Grand Itiipiils. Michigan, 
Proprietor of Bennett Fuel & Ice Co., was born July 31, 
1862, in Rome, Iowa, and has been in business thirty-seven 
years. Mr. Ainsworth, one of the most successful retail 
coal merchants in Michigan, has this creed in business: 
"I believe in the man who neither looks up to the rich 
nor down on the poor; who is courteous and considerate to 
women, children and old people; who is too brave to lie; 
too generous to cheat; who takes his share and lets others 
have theirs." He has served as President of the Michigan 
and Ohio Retail Coal Dealers' Association and of the Grand 
Rapids Coal Exchange. 



DEWEY BLOCKSMA, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 

Vice President and General Manager of the Breen & Halla- 
day Fuel Co. of Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born 
August 1, 1884, and has been, in the coal business for thir- 
teen years. He was formerly connected with A. Himes 
Coal Co. Mr. Blocksma is also Manager of the Creston 
Fuel & Building Material Co. and a Director of the City Coal 
& Coke Co. 





ABRA1I B. K Now I, son. Grand Rapids, Michigan, 

President A. B. Knowlson Co. of Grand Rapids, Michigan, 
is one of the best known coal men in that section. He was 
born May 11, lf.61, at Albany, New York, and established 
his present business in 1876, and incorporated it in 1912, 
with W. W. Tanner Vice President, G. J. Rooks Treasurer, 
and A. B. Horner Secretaiy. Mr. Knowlson has served as 
President of the Michigan-Indiana Coal Association, Direc- 
tor of National Coal Association, President Grand Rapids 
Retail Coal Dealers Exchange, and is the dean of Grand 
Rapids coal merchants. 



EDWARD W. STAEULER, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 

Weil-known retail coal merchant of Ann Arbor, Michigan, 
doing business under the firm name of Staebler & Son, was 
born December 26, 1872, at Ann Arbor, and has been in the 
coal business during his entire business life. Mr. Staebler 
is favorably known in the trade and has served as Treasurer 
of the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Retail Coal Association for six 
terms and has also been Secretary of the Ann Arbor Coal 
Exchange for a number of years. 



160 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





liinil It I LAKE, Jnfkson. Michigan, 
President of the Robert Lake Co., Jackson, Michigan, was 
born June 24, 1848, at Dorsetshire, England, and has been in 
the coal business for twenty-five years. Mr. Lake is one of 
the best known retail coal merchants in the United States 
and has served as President of the Michigan and Indiana 
Coal Association and of the Michisan-Ohio-Indiana Coal 
Association. Mr. Lake was President of the National 
Council of Retail Coal Merchants and is a Director of the 
National Retail Coal Merchants' Association. 



JAMES W. KYDEI1, Kalamazoo. Michigan, 
President The James W. Ryder Coal Co. of Kalamazoo. 
Michigan, was born April 4, 1868, in Kalamazoo and 
has been in the coal business thirty years. Mr. Ryder 
is well and favorably known' in the coal trade and does a 
large wholesale and retail business. He also has a mod- 
ernly equipped elevator and uses auto trucks for delivery. 
He has served as President, Treasurer and Director of the 
Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Coal Association. 





GBOBGB !•:. stki.hn. Kalaauu Ml.hlunn, 

General Manager of the Kalamatoo toe \- Puel Co., Kala- 
mazoo. Michigan, n;is born Jinn' 8, I860, in Rochester, 
New York, and lias been in the coal business since 1890. 

■as built up one of the largest retail buiinesaet In Mich- 
igan. He has a splendid reputation In the trade and has 
served as President of the Carbon t'lub of Kalamazoo. 



it A. iniK\i:iHT. Mnikncnn, Michigan, 
of Kauknecht Bros., well-known retail coal merchants of 
Muskegon, Michigan, was born December 29, 1872, in Muske- 
gon, and has been In the coal business since 1883. Mr. 
Bauknecht is widely known in the coal trade and has taken 
an active Interest in association affairs. He has served on 
the Executive Committee of the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana 
Association and President of the Muskegon Coal Dealers' 
Credit Association. 



161 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




OTTO LANGKAWEL, Muskegon, MiHiiu'.-ui. 
Proprietor of Otto Langkawel & Co., Muskegon, Michigan, 
was born September 29, 1877, in Muskegon, and has been 
in the coal business since 1905. He originally started in 
the wood business in 1899 and naturally progressed into 
the coal business. Mr. Langkawel has been unusually suc- 
cessful. 



MICHIGAN — Detroit 



I. T. BECKER, President of the I. T. Becker Coal Co., De- 
troit, Michigan, was born February 1, 1892, at Detroit, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for the past 
eleven years. Previous to engaging in the retail business 
on his own account he was traveling salesman for the H. T. 
Wilson Coal Co. and the Norfolk & Chesapeake Coal Co. 
Mr. Becker is in the service of his country. 

W. F. BENTLEY, Secretary of C. C. Corey, 1303 Majestic 
Building, Detroit, Michigan, was born May 26, 1887, at St. 
Thomas, Ontario, and has been in the coal business for the 
past eight years. He was formerly connected with the De- 
troit office of the Sunday Creek Co. 

WM. E. BESANCON, retail coal merchant of Detroit, 
Michigan, was born in Michigan in 1877 and has been in the 
coal business practically all his life. After a term at col- 
lege Mr. Besancon started out to learn and know not only 
the coal business in Detroit, but just about everyone who 
was connected therewith. There are few salesmen or mine 
representatives who fail to call him "Bill." , He operates 
two yards, besides doing a considerable car-lot business. 

WALTER BROOKS, Treasurer Jewett, Bigelow & Brooks, 
Penobscot Building, Detroit, Michigan, was born in De- 
troit in 1870 and has been in the coal business for over 
twenty years. Mr. Brooks is one of the highly regarded 
members of the Detroit coal trade, and his Arm is a leading 
operator in the smokeless field. 

LA VERNE C. HROW1V, owner and Manager of the Pro- 
gressive Coal Co., 360 Penobscott Building, Detroit, Michi- 
gan, was born April 26, 1879, in Jackson County, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business for fifteen years. He was 
formerly associated with J. P. Moran & Co. of Detroit for 
eleven years. 

CHARLES ALEXANDER CHAMBERS, Manager of Sales 
The Consolidation Coal Co., Detroit. Michigan, was born 
April 5, 1869, in Paris, Kentucky, and has been in the coal 
business seventeen years. Mr. Chambers was formerly 
with the Luhrig Coal Co. and W. P. Rend. Prior to enter- 
ing the coal business he was for a number of years in the 
railroad service. 

RICHARD B. CHASE, Secretary of Jewett, Bigelow & 
Brooks, Detroit, Michigan, was born in 1870 at Medina, 
New York. Mr. Chase was formerly connected with the 
firm of Ayers & Chase until he purchased J. W. 
Bigelow's interest in Jewett, Bigelow & Brooks, who op- 
erate a number of mines in West "Virginia and Kentucky. 



AUGUSTIN W. C'OOJiEY, President Monarch Coal Co.. 
Detroit, Michigan, was born April 11, 1873, in Detroit, and 
has been in the coal business twenty-two years. 

EDWARD CORNELIUS CROWLEY, Secretary Ohio & 
Michigan Coal Co.. Detroit, Michigan, was born August 7. 
1887, in Wayne County, Michigan, and has been in the coal 
business twelve years, the entire time with his present firm. 

JACOB H. DAVIS, President and General Manager of the 
Davis Coal & Coke Co., Detroit, Michigan, was born January 
15, 1887, in Toledo, Ohio, and has been in the coal business 
for the past eight years. 

LOUIS A. DE HAYES, proprietor of the Sterling Coal Co., 
Detroit, Michigan, was born June 9, 1884, at Detroit, and 
has been in the coal business for the past sixteen years. 

JAMES DE WOLFE, Manager at Detroit, Michigan, for 
the Pittsburgh Coal Co. and New Pittsburgh Coal Co., 
is one of the veteran and highly respected coal salesmen in 
the Middle West. Mr. DeWolfe was born July 17, 1845, at 
North Ridgeville, Ohio, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-two years. He was with the Sunday Creek Co. 
before making his present connection. 

EDWARD F. DELAHUNTE, General Manager of the Gen- 
eral Coal & Coke Co., Detroit, Michigan, was born Septem- 
ber 10, 1867, at Cleveland, Ohio, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-five years. Mr. Delahunte was for- 
merly General Manager of the West Massillon Coal Co., 
General Sales Manager of Burton, Beidler & Phillips Co., and 
Local Manager Ohio & Michigan Coal Co. 

EDWARD J. Dl T BOIS, Vice President and Sales Man- 
ager American Coal & Coke Co., Detroit, Michigan, was 
born in 1883 in Buffalo, New York, and has been in the coal 
business eleven years. Mr. DuBois has also taken an active 
interest in, and is an officer of the National Coal Jobbers' 
Association. * 

ELMER FRITSCH, President E. T. Brooks & Fritsch, re- 
tail coal merchants of Detroit, Michigan, was born October 
26, 1861, in Detroit, and has been in the coal business for 
the past fifteen years. 

CORNELIUS J. W. GEERLING, Secretary and Treasurer 
the Morgan-Andrews Coal Co. of Detroit, Michigan, was 
born March 14, 1874, at Usquert, Holland, and has been In 
the coal business for twelve years. He was formerly con- 
nected with the Detroit office of the Sunday Creek Coal Co. 

RICHARD B. GERISCH, Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Gerisch Coal Co., Detroit, Michigan, was born October 18, 
1881, in Germany. He is also interested in the Alice Coal Co. 

FREDERICK D. GLEASON, Manager of the F. D. Gleason 
Coal Co., Detroit, Michigan, was born July 29, 1887, at De- 
troit, and has been in the coal business for ten years. He 
was formerly representative of the Pittsburgh-Buffalo Co. 
and has many friends in the trade. 

EDWIN GOLDBEBG, proprietor Brenner Coal Co., De- 
troit, Michigan, was born August 10, 1879, at Detroit, and 
has been in the coal business for about twenty years. He 
was formerly connected with the Jonathan Creek Coal Co. 

GEORGE J. HCEBNER of the Detroit & Pittsburg Coal 
Co., 1237 Majestic Building, Detroit, Michigan, was born in 
Detroit November 20, 1885, and has been in the coal business 
nine years. 

WALTER JAMES JAROCH, proprietor of the Wolverine 
Coal Co. at Detroit, Michigan, was born April 28, 1887, at 
Port Austin, Michigan, and has been in the coal business 
for the past four years. 

EDWARD HUNTING JEWETT, President Jewett, Bige- 
low & Brooks, Penobscot Building, Detroit, Michigan, was 
born in 1874 and has been in the coal business twenty-two 
years. Mr. Jewett is also interested in the J. B. B. Coal 
Co. and the Pine Ridge Mining Co., and is a prominent 
member of the coal trade. 

BURKE H. KEENEY, Resident Manager of the Middle 
West Coal Co., Majestic Building, Detroit, Michigan, was 
born in 1874 at Patrait, Indiana, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty years. He was formerly connected 
with the Bewley-Darst Coal Co. of Knoxville, Tennessee. 

HAROLD N. KING, Auditor of R. L. Aylward at Detroit, 
Michigan, was born in 1874 in England, and has been In 
the coal business for twelve years. 

JOHN F. KOENIG, President The P. Koenig Coal Co., 
Detroit, Michigan, was born January 18, 1877, in Detroit, 
and has been in the coal business all of his business life. 
This business was established in 1870 by Peter Koenig, 
father of John F. Mr. Koenig is also interested in the 
Elkhorn Coal Co. 

WM. N. KRUG, President Commercial Coal Co., Detroit, 
Michigan, was born August 27, 1867, in Detroit, and has 
been in the coal business sixteen years. 



162 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



\. H. I.imiiia, Detroit Manager of the Houston Coal Co., 
Dime Bank Building;, Detroit, Michigan, was born June 7, 
IvTl'. in I'ownal, Vermont, and has been in the coal business 
the past fifteen years. Mr. Lincoln lias been in his present 
position for the past twelve years and previous to that rep- 
resented the Taylor Coal Co. of Toledo, Ohio, and Jules O. 
Hoffman of Detroit. 

A. UHHI MANCOl'RT, President and Treasurer Man- 
court-Wlnters Coal Co. of Detroit, Michigan, was born No- 
vember 8, 1888, in Sidney, Nebraska, and has been in the 
coal business for the last three years. 

FRED J. MrDONALU, President McDonald Coal & Brick 
Co.. Detroit, Michigan, was born January 8, 1864, in Detroit, 
and lias been in the coal business for the past ten years. 

m \iik HePADDBM, retail coal merchant of Detroit, Michi- 
gan, la a native of Ireland and has been in the coal busi- 
ness twenty-three years. He started with one team and 
borrowed a wagon, and today Is using twenty-eight horses 
and five auto trucks, has a 3,000-ton coal pocket and ground 
storage for 6,000 tons. 

HUMPHREY H. ileK II. I. IP, proprietor International Coal 
Co., Ford Building, Detroit, Michigan, was born September 
3. 1872, in Ohio, and has been in the coal business for 
seventeen years. He was formerly connected with E. J. 
Corbett for a number of years. 

CHARLES P. MORIAHITY, Northern Sales Agent of the 
Cabin Creek Consolidated Coal Co., 1228 Majestic Building, 
Detroit, Michigan, was born December 14, 1 88!*, at Indian- 
apolis, Indiana, and has been in the coal business for the 
last five years. He is a son of Charles R. Moriarity of 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and is at present enlisted in the service 
of his country. 

I I.YSSES S. MORRIS, President Superior Colliery Co., 
Hammond Building. Detroit, Michigan, was born in Colum- 
bus. Ohio, and has been in the coal business for the past 
ten years. Mr. Morris is President of the Superior* Develop- 
ment Co., a subsidiary of the colliery company. He is 
Secretary-Treasurer of the Coal Operators Bureau of Colum- 
bus. Ohio, and chairman of the Jackson District Coal Asso- 
ciation of Ohio. Previous to forming his present company he 
was connected with the Clinchfield Coal Corp. 

RALPH B. "VEAL,, Secretary and Treasurer of the Mon- 
arch Coal Co., Detroit, Michigan, was born October 27, 1885, 
at Bay City, Michigan, and has been in the coal business 
for twelve years. He was formerly connected with W. H. 
Peck & Co. and J. Max Bernard & Co. 

WILLIAM A. REED, Agent Philadelphia & Reading Coal 
& Iron Co., Majestic Building, Detroit, Michigan, was born 
October 23, 1854, in Port Clinton, Ohio, and has been in the 
coal business thirty years. Mr. Reed is one of the best 
liked and most popular anthracite salesmen in the Middle 
West. 

LEWIS CHAPIN Hl'FFJiER, Northern Sales Manager 
Cabin Creek Consolidated Coal Co.. with headquarters at 
Detroit. Michigan, was born February 24, 1885, at Quijotoa, 
Arizona, and has been in the coal business for fourteen 
years. He was formerly connected with the Diamond Ice & 
Coal Co. of Charleston, West Virginia, and altogether has 
■pent some twenty-three years around the coal mines of 
West Virginia. 

\\ BB8THB. L. SAI.LEE, President and General Manager 
Detroit Fuel & Foundry Supply Co.. Detroit, Michigan, was 
born December 11, 1X81, in Bharpvllle, Indiana, and has been 
in the coal business seventeen years. He is also President 
of the Kentucky Ridge Mining Co. of Pinevllle, Kentucky, 
lie was formerly connected with the Aetna Coal & Coke Co., 
Indiana Fuel & Supply Co., and National Coal Co. 

i:\\ Al.l> SCHI'IWE. President and General Manager of 
Scheiwe Coal & Coke Co., Detroit, Michigan, was born April 
10. 1874, in Germany, and has been in the coal business for 
nine years. Mr. Scheiwe is President of the Detroit Coal 
Exchange and of the Michigan Retail Coal Dealers' Asso- 
ciation. 

KHWK C'RANT SCHNEHH, Western Sales Agent of J. 
S. Wentz Co., Detroit, Michigan, was born April 24, 1885, at 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for ten years. He was formerly connected with the 
Maryland Coal & Coke Co. 

HENRY E. SCHUMACHER of Schumacher Bros. & 
Graham, retail coal merchants of Detroit, Michigan, was 
born in 1870 in Germany, and came here as a lad of eleven 
years with his parents, He and his father, Charles Schu- 
macher, started in the retail coal business in 1892. A few 
years later Herman A. Schumacher was admitted as partner. 
In 111] Daniel Graham was admitted to the firm. 

WALTER J. SCI I.I.Y, Sales Manager of W. H. Warner 
Coal Co. at Detroit. Michigan, was born in 1870 at Sarnia, 
Ontario, and has been in the coal business for twenty-five 
years. 

DANIEL si I, I, I VAN, retail coal merchant, 386 Michigan 
Ave., Detroit, Michigan, was born in Detroit June 26, 
1867. and has been In the business for thirty years. He Is 
also Treasurer of the Diamond Coal & Coke Co. 



GEORGE W. SWEENEY, President United Coal Sales Co.. 
Majestic Building, Detroit, Michigan, was born July 12, 
1874, In Detroit, and has been in the coal business twenty 
years. He was formerly connected with the Davis Coal & 
Coke Co. and the L'nlted Coal Co. of Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

CASH WATSON TALBOT, President Talbot Lumber & 
Coal Co., Detroit, Michigan, was born February 13, 18S4, in 
Toledo, Ohio, and has been In the coal business twelve 
years. 

WARNER R. THOMPSON, President Warner R. Thomp- 
son Co. of Detroit, Michigan, was born In Detroit July 
29, 1864, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
eight years. He was formerly connected with Parker Bros. 
Co. for twenty-two years and later with John S. Lorlmer 
Sons. 

CLARENCE A. WEINHART, Vice President of the Com- 
mercial Coal Co. of Detroit, Michigan, with his office at 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born in Peshtigo, Wisconsin, 
and has been in the coal business for ten years. He was 
formerly Vice President of the Central West Coal Co. at 
Menominee, Michigan. 

RICHARD WILLIAMS, President Middle West Coal Co., 
Detroit, Michigan, was born in 1891 at Shamokin, Penn- 
sylvania, and has been in the coal business for four years. 
Mr. Williams is also Vice President of the North East Coal 
Co. of Paintsville, Kentucky, and the South East Coal Co. 
He was formerly connected with the Susquehanna Coal Co. 

C. C. WINTERS, Vice President and General Manager 
Mancourt-Winters Coal Co. of Detroit, Michigan, was born 
June 21, 1880, in Sandusky, Ohio, and has been in the coal 
business eighteen years. He is President of the Elkhorn 
Collieries Co., Vice President of the Elkhorn Coal Co., and 
President of the Sunnybrook Coal Co. He was formerly 
connected with S. J. Patterson Co. at Dayton, Ohio, the 
Middle West Coal Co. of Detroit, and the Consolidation 
Coal Co. 

M'll.l. WINTERS, Manager Sunnybrook Coal Co. of De- 
troit, Michigan, was born February 27, 1884, at Sandusky, 
Ohio, and has been in the coal business for twelve years. 
He was formerly connected with the Mancourt-Winters 
Coal Co. of Detroit. 

MATTHEW J. YIPE, retail coal merchant of Detroit, 
Michigan, is a native of Michigan and has been in the coal 
business fifteen years. 



MICHIGAN — Grand Rapids 



E. BOEHKMA, proprietor of the Oakdale Coal & Wood 
Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born December 31, 1867, 
in the Netherlands, going to Grand Rapids with his par- 
ents when eleven years old, and has been engaged in the 
grocery business for a number of years and in the coal 
business for eight years. 

WILLIAM JAMES BREEN, President Breen & Halladay 
Fuel Co. of Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born in Canada, 
July 29, 1863, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
six years. Mr. Breen is also President of the City Coal 
& Coke •". 

ADRIAN DE YOUNG of the De Young Bros. Fuel Co., 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born July 15, 1880, and has 
been in the coal business for fourteen years. 

JOHN DE YOUNG of the De Young Bros. Fuel Co., Grand 
Rapids. Michigan, was born February 25, 1877, and lias been 
in the coal business for six years. 

H. R, DICKINSON, President The Valley City Coal & 
Ice Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born in 1838 in 
Chenango County, New York, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for fifty-two years. 

-H\KT1\ II. HONKER, Bookkeeper for Donker .* Mo!, 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born in Grand Rapids October 

j:'. t.V'2. and lias been in the coal business tor six years. 

WILLIAM DONKEH of Donker & Mol, retail coal mer- 
chants of Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born November 22, 
1868, in the Netherlands and has been in the coal business 
for seven years. He is a Director of the Grand Rapids Coal 
Exchange. 

HAKIIV KI.KNBAAS, General Manager M. J. Elenbaas & 
Sons. GraiHl Rapids, Michigan, was born May 24, 1888, at 
Grand Rapids, and has been in the coal business for three 
years. 

GEORGE A. HARPER, Salesman for Lehigh Valley Coal 
Sales Co. at Grand Rapids, Michigan, was horn June 25, 
1873, in Selkirk, Ontario, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty years. Mr. Harper is very well known and has 
many warm friends in the trade. He was formerly with 
the Buffalo office of Coxe Bros. & Co. for eight years. 



163 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOHN M. HIMES, Secretary and Treasurer of A. Himes 
Coal Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born in 1874 at 
Oswego, New York, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-seven years. Mr. Himes is one of the leading re- 
tailers of Grand Rapids and is very favorably known in 
coal trade circles. 

ABRAM BAYNTON HORNER, Secretary of A. B. Knowl- 
son Co., wholesale and retail coal merchants of Grand Rap- 
ids, Michigan, was born August 27, 1885, in Grand Rapids, 
and has been in the coal business for thirteen years. 

ALFRED HUNT, President and Manager of the Home 
Fuel Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born in Grand Rapids 
December 22, 1866, and has been in the coal business for 
seventeen years. He was formerly connected with the Cen- 
tury Fuel Co., and has always taken an interest in move- 
ments for the betterment of trade conditions. 

JOHN JASPERSE, retail coal merchant of Grahd Rapids, 
Michigan, was born January 31, 1867, in the Netherlands, 
and has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

PETER JONKMAN, Manager Welmers-Dykman Fuel Co. 
of Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born February 2, 1861, in 
the Netherlands, and has been in the coal business for 
thirteen years. The firm operate three yards. Mr. Jonkman 
is a Director of the Grand Rapids Coal Exchange. 

MARTIN P. LOHWERSE, member of the Arm of S. A. Mor- 
man & Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born July 16, 1871, 
in Grand Rapids, and has been in the coal business twenty- 
one years. He has been with this present firm since 1887. 

JOHN C. MOL, member of the firm of Donker & Mol, 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born January 2, 1878, in Grand 
Rapids and has been in the coal business for nine years. 

JOHN MOLLEMA, JR., Manager J. Mollema & Son, retail 
coal merchants of Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born June 
17, 1891, at Jamestown, Michigan, and has been in the coal 
business for eight years. 

SAMUEL A. MORMAN of S. A. Morman & Co., well-known 
coal and building material merchants of Grand Rapids, 
Michigan, was born April 13, 1858, in Grand Rapids, and 
has been in the coal trade twenty-two years. He was a 
former President of the Grand Rapids Coal Exchange. This 
company was founded in 1855 by Mr. Morman's father and 
has been highly successful ever since, in both coal and 
building material. A year ago Mr. Morman took into part- 
nership M. P. Louwerse, who has been connected with the 
firm for over thirty years, and William B. Steele. 

CLAUS F. PETERSON, retail coal merchant of Grand 
Rapids, Michigan, was born November 12, 1856, in Sweden, 
and has been in the coal business for thirty-five years. 

GERRIT J. ROOKS, Treasurer of the A. B. Knowlson Co., 
wholesale and retail coal merchants of Grand Rapids, Michi- 
gan, was born March 28, 1867, near Holland, Michigan, and 
has been in the coal business for thirty years. 

OMGE HOTTSCHAFER, Manager Silver Creek Fuel & 
Feed Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born in Holland, 
and has been in the coal business for four years. He is 
associated with his brothers, Henry, John and William, who 
are in the contracting business in Holland, Michigan. 

J. H. SMITH, Manager of the J. H. Smith Coal Co. of 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born in 1882 at Rochester, 
New York, and has been in the coal business for eighteen 
years. This concern handles coal at wholesale only. Mr. 
Smith was formerly with the Jones & Adams Coal Co., 
Harlem Coal Co., and the Sedalia Coal Co. 

J. G. STEELE, Manager of Steele Bros., Grand Rapids, 
Michigan, was born October 3, 1879, in Grand Rapids and 
has been in the coal business for the past five years. 

WILLIAM W. TANNER, Vice President of the A. B. 
Knowlson Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born July 1, 
1857, near Lockport, New York, and has been in the coal 
business for the past twenty-three years, associated with 
A. B. Knowlson. 

ROBERT D. TEELE, Michigan Representative of the 
Buckeye Coal & Railway Co., with headquarters at Grand 
Rapids, Michigan, was born June 4, 1857, in Grand Rapids, 
and has been in the coal business thirty-five years. He 
was formerly connected with the Sunday Creek Coal Co. 
and has been in the retail business in Grand Rapids. 

I. A. VAN HEULEN, Secretary and Treasurer of the Van 
Heulen Fuel Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan, was born in the 
Netherlands in 1872, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-five years. He was formerly connected with the 
South Grand Rapids Ice & Coal Co. 



MICHIGAN 



CHRIS ABRAHAM, retail coal merchant of Capac, Mich- 
igan, born September 22, 1875, at Mt. Clemens, Michigan, has 
been in the coal business for ten years. 



MARTIN C. ABRAHAMSON, retail coal merchant of Lud- 
ington, Michigan, was born September 21, 1881, in Norway, 
and has been in the coal business eleven years. 

HENRY J. ADAMS, President and General Manager of the 
H. J. Adams Lumber & Coal Co., Jackson, Michigan, was 
born November 15, 1857, in Monroe, Michigan, and has been 
in the coal business seven years. 

GEORGE A. ALDRICH, President G. A. Aldrich & Co., 
Hillsdale, Michigan, was born in 1849 at Geneseo, New York, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty years, and is 
one of the well-known retailers in Michigan. 

A. E. D. ALLAN of the Allan Coal & Lumber Co., West 
Detroit, Michigan, was born March 28, 1869. in Wales and 
has been in the coal business three years. His brother, A. 
T. Allan, is associated with him in the coal and lumber 
business. 

ARTHUR C. ATWELL, Assistant Manager Cass City 
Grain Co., Cass City, Michigan, was born August 21, 1890. in 
Evergreen Township, Michigan, and has been in the coal 
business for three years. 

AXEL L. AXELSON, Manager F. & A. Lumber Co., Crystal 
Falls, Michigan, was born February 14, 1880, at Ishpeming, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for six years. 

JACOB H. BAAD, retail coal merchant of Union City, 
Michigan, was born July 3, 1876, in Canal Dover, Ohio, and 
has been in the coal business for seven years. 

DANIEL D. BARRON, well known retail coal merchant 
of River Rouge. Michigan, was born in September, 1866, at 
Newport, Michigan, and has been in the retail coal business 
for the past seventeen years. 

F. L. BAUER of the Hastings Lumber & Coal Co., 
Hastings, Michigan, was born in 1878, and has been in the 
coal business for three years. 

W. G. BAUER of the Hastings Lumber & Coal Co., Hast- 
ings, Michigan, was born in Hastings in 1875, and has been 
in the coal business for fourteen years. 

JESSE G. BAUKNECHT, member of the firm of Bauk- 
necht Bros., Muskegon, Michigan, was born March 20, 1879, 
in that city and has been in the coal business for eighteen 
years. 

SIDNEY T. BEAM, senior member of E. Beam & Sons, 
Lawton, Michigan, was born December 28, 1S49, in St. Joseph 
County, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty years. 

SILAS A. BEMENT, managing a retail coal business at 
Ann Arbor, Michigan, was born January 9, 1876, at Leroy, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business two years. 

HERMAN RALPH nil in lie. Manager Ann-A Fuel Co., 
Ann Arbor, Michigan, was born in 1886 in Washtenaw 
County, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for the 
past three years. 

EUGENE M. BIGGS, Scottville, Michigan, was born May 
10, 1885, at Hudson, New York, and has been In the coal 
business for twenty years. 

RUFUS F. BIRCH, retail coal merchant of Hudson, Mich- 
igan, was born April 12, 1858, at East Green Bush, New 
York, and has been in the coal business for twenty-eight 
years, the last eighteen of which in his present location. 

RALPH S. BISHOP of Frank Bishop & Son, retail coal 
merchants of Almont, Michigan, was born May 14, 1892, in 
Almont, and has been in the coal business five years. 

ALFRED P. BLANEY', Manager of The Bedford Coal Co., 
Alpena, Michigan, was born September 6, 1882, in Alpena, 
and has been in the coal business for eleven years. He suc- 
ceeded the old established firm of M. N. Bedford & Co. in 
1916. 

G. S. BLESCH, Manager Little Rock Coal Co., Alma. Mich- 
igan, was born June 20, 1876, in Brenton, Michigan, and has 
been in the coal business seven years. 

JOHN BOEKHOUT, retail coal merchant of Kalamazoo, 
Michigan, was born May 2, 1863, in the Netherlands and has 
been in the coal business sixteen years. 

C. L. BOELIO, retail coal merchant of Petoskey, Michi- 
gan, was born September 28, 1855, in New York state, and 
has been in the coal business ten years. 

HENRY J. BOLT, retail coal merchant of Grand Haven, 
Michigan, was born in Grand Haven October 22, 1867, and 
has been in the retail coal business for about twelve years. 

YVM. R. BRADISH, a retail coal merchant of Adrian, Mich- 
igan, was born May 2, 1857, at Madison, Michigan, and has 
been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

CHARLES C, BRADLEY of Bradley & Chubb, retail coal 
merchants of Romeo, Michigan, was born November 21, 1840, 
at Detroit, Michigan,' and has been in the coal business 
for ten years. 

CHARLES THOMPSON BRADLEY, Manager Bradley & 
Chubb of Romeo. Michigan, was born November 27. 1890, 
in Romeo and has been in the coal business for the past 
six years. 



164 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



KHBD W. BRAMAN, Manager Central Coal Co., Bay City, 
Michigan, was born February 9, 1874, In Bay City and has 
been in the coal business for seventeen years. Mr. Braman 
is Secretary of the Bay City Coal Exchange and was for- 
merly connected with F. P. Young & Co. for eight years. 

THOMAS W. IIHAMWV of Evart, Michigan, was born 
January 15, 1854, at Kingston, Ontario, and has been in 
the coal business for fourteen years. 

\V. EAHI. BRI6G8 of W. E. Briggs & Co.. Shelby vi lie, 
Michigan, was born July 4, 1S79, and has been in the coal 
business for the past twelve years. 

C. O. llliuw \. Benton Harbor, Michigan, of the Brown 
Ice & Coal Co. of St. Joseph and Benton Harbor, was born 
October 26, 1882, in Benton Harbor. 

Fin-: 1 1 A. BROWN, retail coal merchant of Bellevue, Mich- 
igan, was born in 18fiS in Bellevue and has been in the coal 
business for twelve years. 

OVA D. BROWN of the Brown Ice & Coal Co., St. Joseph, 
Michigan, was burn June 13, 1885, at Benton Harbor, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business for over ten years. 

W. M. BROWN, senior member of the Brown Ice & Coal 
Co., St. Joseph and Benton Harbor, Michigan, was born 
June 29, 1858, at Mokena, Illinois, and has been in the ice 
and coal business forty years. Mr. Brown is one of the best 
known retail coal merchants in Michigan and is a Director 
of the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Coal Association, and also 
Director in the Michigan Retail Coal Dealers' Association. 

JOHN M. HINTING, Owner and Manager City Coal Co., 
Grayling, Michigan, was born August 5, 1861, at Fenton, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

WILLIAM H. BURRS, Vice President and General Manager 
of the Fremont Lumber & Fuel Co., Fremont, Michigan, 
was born December 16, 1873. in Muskegon, Michigan, and 
has been in the coal business sixteen years. He is also 
interested in the Home Lumber & Fuel Co., Alma, Michigan, 
and the Grant Lumber & Fuel Co., Grant, Michigan. 

L. W. BURROUGHS, retail coal merchant of Cement City, 
Michigan, was born April 2, 1865, in Concord Township, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

J. LE1GHTON in Ml, proprietor of J. L. Bush & Co., of 
Adrian. Michigan, was born May 24, 1882, at Clinton, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business for five years. 

BBRH AN s. BUURMA, Assistant Manager for S. H. Buurma 
of Kalamazoo, Michigan, was born August 12, 1895, in Kala- 
mazoo, and has been in the coal business seven years. 

SAMCEL II. Ill IIIIIA, retail coal merchant of Kalamazoo, 
Michigan, was born in the Netherlands August 6. 1873, and 
has been in the retail coal business eighteen years. 

EDGAR R. CALKINS, retail coal merchant of Steiner, 
Michigan, was born May 19, 1863, at Monroe City and 
has been in the coal business for twelve years. 

V. H. ( AM'IKI.II, proprietor of the Capital Coal Co., Lan- 
sing, Michigan, was born in Youngstown, Ohio, and has 
been In the coal business forty-two years. 

PHILIP CATSMAN, President of the Catsman Coal Co., 
Flint. Michigan, was born in 1879 in Russia, and has been 
in the coal business for eight years. 

m I. mi A. CHAPMAN, Manager Chapman Coal Co., Eaton 
Rapids. Michigan, was born June 19, 1880, in Katun Rapids, 
and has been in the coal business six years. He was for- 
merly with the Fred C. Cobb Co. at Charlotte. Michigan. 

CHARLES \V. Ill APPLE, General Manager C. W. Chappie 
& Co.. Hillsdale, Michigan, was born April 29, 1S7H, at 
Litchfield, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for 
seven years. 

RAYMOND C. CHASM. Secretary of Catsman Coal Co., 
Flint, Michigan, was born in 1886, and has been in the 
coal business for seven years. 

HAN'S J. CHRISTIANSEN, Manager of Houle Bros. Co., 
Muskegon. Michigan, was born March 1, 1881, at Muskegon, 
and has been in the coal business five years. He was a 
member of the firm of Christiansen & Wenk until they dis- 
solved partnership, when he formed his present connection. 

CALVIN D. CHURCH of Church & Church, retail coal 
merchants of Itica. Michigan, was born September 5, 1858, 
in Shelby Township, Michigan, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-three years. 

CLARENCE A. CLARK, Manager for C. W. Davis at 
Gladstone, Michigan, was born September 1, 1862, in West 
Henrietta. New York, and has been in the coal business for 
thirty years. 

HARRY T. CLARK, proprietor Vicksburg Lumber Co.. 
Vlcksburg, Michigan, was born August 1, 1879. at Cooper, 
Michigan, and has been fifteen years in the lumber business 
and four years handling coal. 

LF.WIS HOLLAND COOK, retail coal merchant of Nash- 
ville, Michigan, was born July 3, 1882, at Marshall, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business for the last three 
y.ars. 



CHAS. COOL of the Cool Bros. Grain Co., Saline, Michigan, 
was born March 15, 1874, in Ionia County, Michigan, and 
has been in the coal business about twenty-five years. He 
worked with his uncle, E. F. Cool, at Clarksville, Michigan, 
fourteen years. In 1907 he moved to Saline and has handled 
coal continually since. 

LEWIS COOL of Cool Bros. Grain Co., Saline, Michigan, 
was born November 15, 1876, in Ionia County, Michigan, and 
has been in the coal business about fourteen years. He 
was with Charles Cool at Clarksville three years, and has 
been at Saline nearly eleven years. 

FLOYD W. CORLETT. President Corlet I-Stone Lumber 
Co., Kalamazoo, Michigan, was born October 26, 1878, at 
Clinton, Ontario, and has been in the coal business for eight 
years. 

MERYL G. CORLETT, Manager of R. J. Corlett & Sons, 
Pittsford, Michigan, was born July 11, 1891, at Hillsdale, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for four years. 

ROBERT C. CORLETT. proprietor of R. J. Corlett & Sons 
of Hillsdale, Michigan, was born in Hillsdale in 1882 and is 
now interested in nine retail coal yards in that section. 

FRANK D. CORNWELL, retail coal merchant of Ann 
Arbor, Michigan, was born January 9. 1874, in Ann Arbor, 
and has been in the coal business for over eleven years. 

H. HOIIART CORWIN. Treasurer and Manager of the Cor- 
win Lumber Co., Jackson, Michigan, was born April 22, 1877, 
in Grass Lake, Michigan, and has been in the coal business 
twelve years. He was formerly connected with the Inter- 
state Coal & Coke Co. 

I. S. CORWIN, Manager A. A. Corwin & Sons, Pontiac, 
Michigan, was born August 17, 1878, in Grass Lake, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business over twenty years. 

R. A. COTTRELL, retail coal merchant of Marine City, 
Michigan, was born September 29. 1851, in Marine City and 
has been in the retail coal business for thirty-two years. 

B. B. CHAPO of the Crapo Lumber Co.. Williamson, Michi- 
gan, was born July 5, 1S64, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for sixteen years. 

Mi i lii it G. CRCICKSHANK, retail coal merchant of 
Port Huron, Michigan, was born July 11, 1868, at Port 
Huron, and has been in the coal business for fourteen years. 

WILLIAM J. CRIMP of the South End Ice & Coal Co., Bay 
City, Michigan, was born February 12, 1863, at Pittsford, 
New York, and has been in the coal business for sixteen 
years. 

BUHTON T. CCRTIS, Manager Curtis Bros, of Reed 
City, Michigan, was born July 15, 1871, at Kalamazoo, 
Michigan, and has been in the retail coal business for the 
past eight years. 

LORENZO D. CCRTIS, well known retail coal merchant 
of Edmore, Michigan, was born September 21, 1851, at 
Chatham, Canada, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty years. He sold the first bituminous coal in Edmore. 

WILL CCRTIS, member of the firm of Curtis Bros., retail 
coal merchants of Reed City, Michigan, was born in Elkhart, 
Indiana, and has been in the coal business for over thirty 
years. 

FRANK R. CCTTING, proprietor of the F. R. Cutting Co., 
Lapeer, Michigan, was born May 22, 1866, in Lapeer County 
and has been in the lumber business for twenty-seven years. 
A few years ago he bought out the Wilcox Lumber Co. and 
since thru has been handling coal. 

HARRY L. DAN SAND, President K. & K. Ice & Coal Co., 
Monroe, Michigan, was born In Monroe and has been In the 
coal business eight years. The business was started origi- 
nally by John Klecman. Treasurer of the present company. 

A. M. DARLING, proprietor of the A. M. Darling Coal Co., 
Lansing, Michigan, was born in Lansing in 1S64 and has been 
in the coal business for fourteen years. 

WILLIAM P. DARLING, retail coal merchant of Kala- 
mazoo, Michigan, was born in Kalamazoo April 26, 1869, and 
has been in the coal business for twenty-seven years. 

CHARLBS VVII.MAM DAVIS, retail coal merchant of 
Oladstone, Michigan, was born June 14. 1846, in Chicago, and 
has been In the coal business thirty years. 

A. K. DEAN is President of the Central Supply Co., which 
does a retail coal business at Addison, Michigan. 

M. O. DEWEY, manufacturer and shipper of charcoal, 
Jackson, Michigan, was born August 23. 1878, in Concord. 
Michigan, and has been In the coal business fourteen years. 
He began the business April 1, 1904, as Manager for J. E. 
Bartlett Co., and April 1, 1905, bought that business and 
organized the M. O. Dewey Co. On May 1. 1916, he sold his 
interest therein and with 10. A. Smith organized the Dewey- 
Smith Co., of which he was Treasurer. On May 1, 1918, 
he bought the car-lot coal, charcoal and burlap sack lines 
of the Dewey-Smith Co. and sold his interests in that 
company. 

FRED J. DILLON, retail coal merchant of Addison, Michi- 
gan, was born December 29. 1874, at Hudson. Michigan, and 
has been in the coal business seven years. 



165 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



FRANK A. DIMOND. Manager of George F. Dimond Co., 
St. Johns, Michigan, was born December 21, 1883, at Peck, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for five years. 

GEO. A. DOCKERAY of Dockeray Bros., Rockford. Michi- 
gan, was born March 9, 1862, in Orleans County, New York, 
and has been in the coal business for over twenty years. 

R. HARLOW DOCKERAY of Dockeray Bros., retail coal 
merchants of Rockford, Michigan, was born November 8, 
1854, in Orleans County, New York, and has been in the 
coal business for over twenty years. 

W. J. DODGE, Manager W. J. Dodge & Co., Howard City, 
Michigan, was born July 22, 1866, at Saginaw, Michigan, and 
has been in the coal business for twenty years. 

PRANK C. DRIESHACH of F. C. Driesbach & Son, White 
Pigeon, Michigan, was born November 18, 1863, in White 
Pigeon and has been in the coal business for over thirty- 
three years. His son has been associated with him six 
years. 

A. H. DUDLEY, retail coal merchant of Jonesville, Mich- 
igan, was born at Perry, Michigan, April 5, 1854, and has 
been in the coal business for ten years. 

MILLARD DURHAM, retail coal merchant of Coopersville, 
Michigan, has been in the coal business for the past ten 
years. 

WESLEY E. DYER, Manager of the Wiselogel Co. at 
Muskegon, Michigan, was born March 1, 1867, at Albion, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for the past 
four years. He has served as Secretary of the Muskegon 
Coal Dealers' Credit Association. 

HENRY A. EASTON of Consumers Fuel Co., Petoskey, 
Michigan, was born in 1855 in New York City. He is also 
President of the Petoskey Crystal Ice Co. and for forty 
years has been a prominent business man. 

FRANK H. EBERTS, Treasurer Eberts Bros. Co., Wyan- 
dotte, Michigan, was born June 13, 1882, at Wyandotte, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty years. H. A. 
and W. L. Eberts are also associated with him. Harry A. 
Eberts was born August 21, 1877 and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-one years. 

HEN EILRER of B. & S. Eilber. 1'bly. Michigan, was born 
in Ontario in 1866, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-six years. 

SAMUEL EILBER of B. & S. Eilber, Ubly, Michigan, was 
born in Ontario in 1862, and has been with the present firm 
for fourteen years. 

CARL D. EKSTROM, proprietor of The Ekstrom Coal 
Co., Benton Harbor, Michigan, was born October 22, 1871, in 
Chicago, Illinois, and has been in the coal business four 
years. He was formerly with the Madison Coal Co. 

CLAYTON E. ELI,IS, retail coal merchant of Shelby, Michi- 
gan, was born July 5. 1869, in Norwalk, Ohio, and has been 
in the coal business for six years. 

CLAUDE H, ESTEE of Shepard. Michigan, was born March 
18, 1879, in Shepard, and has been in the coal business 
fifteen years. 

JONAH ETHIER, retail coal merchant of Hubbel, Mich- 
igan, was born July 20, 1853, at Montreal, Canada, and has 
been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

ARTHUR N. FANCHER, General Sales Agent What Cheer 
Coal Mining Co., Bay City, Michigan, was born June 5, 1875, 
at Parish, New York, and has been in the coal business for 
fifteen years. He is also Secretary and General Sales Agent 
of the Wenona Coal & Mining Co. 

GERTRUDE RICE FELLOWS, Manager of the retail coal 
and fueling business for J. E. Miller & Son, Port Huron, 
Michigan, was born April 6, 1872, in Detroit, Michigan. 
Upon the retirement of J. E. Miller from the coal business 
in 1910 Mr. Fellows came from Detroit to take over the 
management of the business for the Millers, who all reside 
in California. Upon the death of Mr. Fellows, in January, 
1916, Mrs. Fellows took her husband's place as Manager, and 
has proved to the firm as well as to the people of Port 
Huron that she is a most capable business woman. She 
enjoys the reputation of being the only woman operating a 
fueling dock. 

EDWAttD FINLEY, owner of the Finley elevator and 
retail coal yard at Hartford, Michigan, was born May 26. 
1853, in Palmyra. New York, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness twenty-nine years. When he started a hundred tons of 
anthracite annually "would supply the entire community. 

F. J. FLYNN, Manager Flynn & Neely, Gladwin, Michi- 
gan, was born April 3, 1879. at Livingston. Michigan, and 
has been in the coal business for the past two years. 

JAMES M. FORD, retail coal merchant of Blissfield, Mich- 
igan, was born February 21, 1870, at Riga, Michigan, and 
has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

JAMES FORSYTH, retail coal merchant, Blissfield, Michi- 
gan, was born January 16. 1869. and has been in the coal 
business for twenty years. 



CHARLES M. FOSTER, Manager Foster Coal Co., Utica, 
Michigan,; was. born May 29, 1870, in New York and has 
been in the coal : business four years. He succeeds his 
father-in-law, W. H. Marvin, who formerly conducted . the 
business. 

J. FRITCHEY, Secretary and Manager Cass City Grain 
Co., Cass City, Michigan, was born September 27, 1874, at 
Portland, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal business 
for fifteen years. His company handles coal in seven Mich- 
igan towns. 
f HENRY P. GAUKLER, retail coal merchant of Pontiac, 
Michigan, was born April 3, 1871, in Halfway, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business fourteen years. Mr. 
Gaukler has served as a Director of the Michigan-Ohio-Indi- 
ana Coal Association and is well known in the trade. 

JAMES A. GIBBS, senior member of Gibbs & Sanders, 
Albion, Michigan, was born September 24, 1859, in Ottawa 
County, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for 
seventeen years. Prior to organizing his present company 
he was connected with F. E. Steele of Albion, Michigan. 

ALLEN A. GILBERT recently started in the coal business 
at Coidwater. Michigan. He was born May 30. 1856, at 
Burlington, Michigan. 

W. IRVING GILSON, Manager East Lansing Lumber & 
Coal Co., East Lansing, Michigan, was born February 27, 
1888, in Deerfield, Michigan, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness the past two years. 

FRED J. GREMEL of Grassman & Gremel, Sebewaing, 
Michigan, was born in Sebewaing and has been in the coal 
business six years. 

MELVIN GRIFFITH, Manager M. Griffith & Son of Cli- 
max, Michigan, was born July 7, 1867, at Springport, Mich- 
igan, and has been in the coal business for six years. 

WARREN GRIFFITH, Assistant Manager of M. Griffith & 
Son of Climax, Michigan, was born December 30, 1890, at 
Springport, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for 
six years. 

R. H. GRILLEY, Manager Grant Lumber & Fuel Co. of 
Grant. Michigan, was born July 20, 1868. in Barry County, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for sixteen 
years. His assistants are his two sons, Emory and 
Floyd, who were born in Fremont, Michigan, June 11, 1894, 
and January 8, 1896, respectively. 

G. W. GUST, retail coal merchant of Morenci, Michigan, 
was born April 17, 1859, in Ohio, and has been in the retail 
business fifteen years. 

ELMER W. HAMMOND of the Crapo Lumber Co., William- 
son, Michigan, was born November 8, 1874, and has been in 
the coal business for sixteen years. 

JOHN M. HAMMOND, proprietor of the Flint Coal Co., 
Flint, Michigan, was born January 26, 1867, in Big Flats, 
New York, and has been in the coal business at Flint fifteen 
years. Previous to going to Flint he was engaged in the 
wholesale lumber business at Bay City. Michigan, and at 
the same time organized the Flint Lumber Co. of Flint, J. 
M. Hammond & Co. of Clinton, and the Lenawae Lumber Co. 
of Tecumseh, all in Michigan. 

LOUIS W. HAHMAN of Harman Bros , Onaway, Michigan, 
was born in Manhattan, Kansas, and has been in the coal 
business five years. 

AUSTIN HARRINGTON, well-known retail coal merchant 
of Holland, Michigan, was born in Holland August 11, 1863, 
has been in the coal business twenty-five years, and is one of 
the substantial merchants in that territory. His son, Harry 
Harrington, has been in charge of the office for the past 
ten years. He was born May 28, 1890. 

CHARLES VICTOR HARRIS, President Harris Lumber 
& Coal Co. of Ovid, Michigan, was born in 1871 at Mattoon, 
Illinois, and has been in the coal business for ten years. 

C. H. HECK of C. H. Heck & Son, retail coal merchants of 
Ann Arbor, Michigan, was born November 21, 1861, at South 
Bend, Indiana, and has been in the coal business for over 
thirteen years. W. S. Heck has also been associated with 
this firm for the past ten years. 

A. HEINKELMANN, President Marine City Lumber & Coal 
Co., Marine City, Michigan, was born October 6, 1862, in 
Marine City, and was associated with M. Sichen in the lum- 
ber and coal business from 1879 to 1913, when he bought the 
interest of the Sichen estate and organized his present 
company. 

JOHN C. HICKS, retail coal merchant of St. Johns. Michi- 
gan, was born April 6, 1869, in St. Johns and has been in 
the coal business for over twenty-five years. 

ALEXANDER H. HILLER, Manager of Home Lumber & 
Coal Co., Buchanan, Michigan, was born January 26. 1861, 
in Hudson, Michigan, and has been in the coal business two 
years. Previous to 1916 he was for twenty-four years in 
the United States Government service at Washington, D. C. 



166 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



i:i>\\ Mill l>. BltOOCK of K I). Hlsoock A Son, well- 
known retail coal merchants of Ann Arbor, Michigan, was 
born November 19, 1856, at Ann Arbor, Michigan, and has 
been In the coal business for twenty-four years. This busl- 
mm was started by his father and Mr, Hiscock has now 

taken his son in partnership with him. 

H. II. HOAULGV, retail coal merchant of Eau Cla're, 
Michigan, was born September 3, 1872, in Ohio, and has 
been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

I - . \\. HOW \lll>. Treasurer Belding Coal & lee Co. of 
Belding. Michigan, was born November 26, 1852, at Windsor, 
Massachusetts, and has been in the coal business for six 
years. 

■1 M\KR K. HOWE, retail coal merchant of Ypsilanti, 
Michigan, was born in 1859 in Shiawassee County, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business for eight years. Two 
years ago he bought out the interest of the Ypsilanti Coal 
Co. 

CLAUD H. JACKSON, proprietor C. H. Jackson Coal Co., 
Jackson, Michigan, was born in Jackson December 16, 1888, 
and has been in the coal business for four years. 

GEOKGK WILLIAM JAMIESON, retail coal merchant of 
Wayne, Michigan, was born June 4, 1863, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-nine years. 

JOSEPH LEON .IKI.I. IS. Manager of J. Jellis & Co., Flint, 
Michigan, was born in 1882 in Flint and has been in the 
retail coal business for four years. 

WILLIAM A. JONES, Superintendent Banner Coal Co., 
Saginaw. Michigan, was born in Wales in 1846 and has been 
in the coal business sixty years. He was formerly connected 
with the Consolidated Coal Co. and the Robert Gage Coal Co. 

Ill: MM A. KEIN, General Manager New Haven Lumber 
& Coal Co., New Haven, Michigan, was born March 2, 1876, 
in Hoseville, Michigan, and has been in the coal business 
for fourteen years. 

ALEX. P. KEMP, Managing Partner Kemp Bros. Coal 
Co., Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, was born in Sault Ste. 
Marie May 12, 1874, and has been in the coal business 
twenty-three years. He was formerly connected with the 
George Kemp Coal Co. 

BARBIE B. KENYON of the Kenyon Coal Co., Algonac. 
Michigan, was born at Detroit, Michigan, in 1883, and has 
been in the coal business for the last three years. 

KL.MF.H H. K1XYOX, retail coal, merchant of Quincy, 
Michigan, was born February 9, 1844, at Syracuse, New 
York, and has been in the coal business for thirty-five 
years. 

W. J. KIHKPATHIC'K, well known retail coal merchant at 
Battle Creek. Michigan, was born in Battle Creek October 
11, 1865, and has been in the coal business for twenty-five 
years. 

JAMKS A. KITTS of McMillen & Kitts at Mt. Pleasant, 
Michigan, was born January 3, 1894, at Seymour, Indiana, 
and has been in the coal business for the last two years, 
succeeding his father, who retired recently. 

WILLIAM A. KXAPP, retail coal merchant of Bay City, 
Michigan, was born in 1867 in Bay City and has been in the 
coal business for fifteen years. He is a stockholder in the 
Central Coal Mining Co., Robt. Gage Coal Co., Black Dia- 
mond Coal Co., Benton Coal Co. and Michigan Coal Co. 

GBOBGB LlMHEHT, Manager of Lambert & Co., Lawton, 
Michigan, was born In England in 1857, and has been in the 
coal business for the last three years. 

J. N'KAL LA Molt KA I X, retail coal merchant of Comstock 
Park. Michigan, was born May 3. 1889, in Comstock Park, 
and has been in the coal business for four years. 

CHARLES W. LAPP, retail coal merchant of Richmond, 
Michigan, was born June 21, 1863, in Canada, and has been 
in the coal business for the last two years. 

LLOYD R. LAWRBNCB, retail coal merchant of Vlcks- 
burg, Michigan, was born February 1, 1878, at Battle Creek, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for twelve 
years. 

CLYDE L. LAWSON, Secretary and Treasurer Lawson 
Lumber & Coal Co., Royal Oak. Michigan, was born in 1 ss:> 
in Clawson, Michigan, and has been in the coal business 
for the past ten years. 

KM II. I.KK, owner of Emil Lee & Co., Laingsburg, Michi- 
gan, was born in Sclota Township March 22, 1882, and has 
been in the coal business eight years. 

FRANK H. I.KSSKI.YONG, President Lesselyong Hard- 
ware Co.. Ironwood, Michigan, was born June 5, 1863, at 
Appletoa, Wisconsin, and has been In the coal business for 
twenty years. John A. Kennedy Is Vice President and Ed- 
ward I". I.esselyong is Secretary and Treasurer of the com- 
pany. 

Ml< IIAKI. I'KTKII LBMBLTOHCfa retail coal merchant of 
Ishpeming, Michigan, was born February 18, 1874, at Escan- 
aba, Michigan, and has been in the coal business since 1898. 



ELLSWORTH B. LONG. Manager Long, Cobb & Co., 
Olivet, Michigan, was born December 22, 1861, at Eaton 
Rapids, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for 
eleven years. 

<;. W. LUCE, Manager G. W. Luce & Co., Sturgis, Michi- 
gan, was born July 6, 1867. at Waterloo, Indiana, and has 
been in the retail coal business for six years. Before that 
he traveled for the Elmer Miller Coal Co. for four years. 

JOHN C. MANN, a Director of the Peoples Fuel Co., Hough- 
ton. Michigan, was born September 11, 1868, at Louisville, 
Kentucky, and has been in the coal business for eight years. 

CLARENCE D. MANSFIELD, Manager D. Mansfield & 
Co., Remus, Michigan, was born April 23. 1864, in Genesee 
County, New York, and has been in the coal business over 
twenty years. 

ROY' E. MATT, proprietor of the Cheboygan Coal & Dock 
Co., Cheboygan, Michigan, was born December 15, 1878, at 
Forester, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for ten 
years. He was formerly connected with the McArthur Dock 
in his city. 

AUGUST G. MATTHES, Manager of Matthes Bros., retail 
coal merchants of Adrian. Michigan, was born October 10. 
1869, in Adrian and has been in the coal business for fifteen 
years. 

LOUIS C. McDOl «. \l. of McDougal & Young of Albion, 
Michigan, was born July 31, 1874, at Litchfield, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business for eleven years for him- 
self, and previous to that was with G. W. Perkins for seven 
years. 

LEWIS MrGEORGE of E. A. McGeorge & Son, Gladwin, 
Michigan, was born September 26, 1890, in Cass City, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business six years. He is 
also interested in the West Branch Grain Co. and was for- 
merly connected with the Cass City Grain Co. 

GLAUDE J. MoKAHN of the McKahn Fuel & Ice Co., 
Northville, Michigan, was born June 4, 1881, at Highland, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for three 
years. 

FRED B. MoKAY, retail coal merchant of Lowell, Michi- 
gan, was born October 24, 1868, at Grand Rapids, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business for the last six years. 

ERVIN E. McMILLEN of McMillen & Kitts. Mt. Pleas- 
ant, Michigan, was born July 15, 1884, and has been in 
the coal business for twelve years. 

JOHN MEAGHER of the Meagher Coal Co., retail coal 
merchants of Lansing, Michigan, was born in Lansing 
in 1869 and has been in the coal business for twenty-five 
years. 

NICHOLAS S. MEYERS, General Sales Agent of the Cen- 
tral West Coal Co., Menominee. Michigan, was born August 
5, 1883, in Marinette, Wisconsin, and has been in the coal 
business five years. E. P. Smith is President and H. J. Gram 
is Secretary and Treasurer of the company. 

HERBERT A. MILLARD, retail coal merchant of Hersey, 
Michigan, was born April 8, 1868, at Hillsdale, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business for four years. 

CLARENCE L. MILLER, President Miller. Ryder & Win- 
terburn Co., Kalamazoo. Michigan, was born March 31. 1876, 
at Kalamazoo, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
one years. 

MASON S. MILLER, Secretary and Treasurer Miller, Ryder 
& Winterburn Co., Kalamazoo, Michigan, was born June 9, 
1SSS, in Kalamazoo and has been in the coal business 
for five years. His father. Conrad Miller, founded the busi- 
ness thirty-four years ago, but is now retired and living in 
California. 

JOHN H. MOBKE, Manager G. Moeke & Sons, retail coal 
merchants of Zeeland, Michigan, was born December 25, 
1880, in Zeeland and has been in the coal business for five 
years He has served as Chairman of the Zeeland Coal 
Dealers Association. 

FRANK w. MOORE, retail coal merchant of Lansing, 
Michigan, was born September 9. 1861, in Chester, Massachu- 
setts, and has been in the retail coal business since 1879, a 
total of thirty-nine years. 

F. R. MORTON, proprietor of the F. R. Morton Coal Co., 
Colon, Michigan, was horn in 1859 at Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
has been in the coal business for fifteen years. He was for- 
merly connected with C. E. Kaird Coal Co. 

FRANK L. MIKHI. i:\IIKCK. retail coal merchant of Sagi- 
naw, Michigan, was born October 30, 1868, in Germany and 
has been In the coal business fur twelve years. He served 
as President of the Saginaw Retail Coal Dealers Associa- 
tion. 

JOHN w. MIMA, retailer of Union City, Michigan, was 
horn December 9, 1847, in Wales and has been In the coal 
business for nine years. 

i:igi:ni: 1>. RASH, .Manager W. A. Nash & Son, Bravo, 
Michigan, was born August 25, 1888, at Bassett, Nebraska, 
and has been in the coal business for ten years. 



167 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



WILSON NEELY of Neely Bros., Brooklyn, Michigan, 
was born in 1860 in Brooklyn and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for eight years. The Arm is composed of Wilson Neely 
and Frank Neely, and they handle both coal and lumber. 

WILLIAM F. \ i mm lit. retail coal merchant of Big Rap- 
ids, Michigan, was born in Germany, May 14, 1874, and has 
been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

HUGH NESBITT, who handles coal at retail at Baraga, 
Michigan, was born May 8, 1859, in Canada. 

ADDISON D. NEWMAN, retail coal merchant of Stanton, 
Michigan, was born December 4, 1872, in Mecosta County, 
and has been in the coal business for ten years. 

ASA NEWMAN, well known retail coal merchant of 
Portland, Michigan, was born August 18, 1852, in Portland 
and has been in the coal business for over twenty years. 

ALFRED E. NIEDERMEIN, Manager of H. Niedermein 
& Sons of Newport, Michigan, was born August 2, 1878, in 
Newport and has been in the coal business for the last 
fifteen years. 

JACOB NIFFENEGGER, retail coal merchant of South 
Haven, Michigan, was born in Switzerland, June 7, 1865, 
and has been in the coal business for nine years. 

JOHN F. NOUD, General Manager John F. Noud Co., South 
Haven, Michigan, was born September 29, 1876, at Manistee. 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for over fifteen 
years. Mr. Noud is well known in the coal trade and is also 
Treasurer of the Frieze Fork Coal Mining Co. 

WALLACE OBETS of the Belmont Mills & Elevator Co., 
Belmont, Michigan, was born in 1887 in Belmont and has 
been in the coal business for ten years. 

P. J. O'BRIEN, retail coal merchant of Rochester, Michi- 
gan, was born January 17, 1875, in Oakland County, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business for seventeen years. 

G. EARL O'DELL, Manager Elkton Elevator Co., Elkton, 
Michigan, was born in 1881 in Canada, and has been' in the 
coal business for fourteen years. 

MILLARD D. OLDS, owner of the McArthur Dock, Cheboy- 
gan, Michigan, was born March 10, 1860, in Hartford, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business for about ten years. 

JOHN C. OTTO, retail coal merchant of Zilwaukee, Michi- 
gan, was born August 19, 1863. in Zilwaukee and has been 
in the coal business for fifteen years. Mr. Otto also has 
a yard at Carrollton, Michigan. 

MARVIN J. PARDEE of M. J. Pardee Bros., Clinton. 
Michigan, was born in 1877 in Livingston County, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business for twelve years. He 
also has a branch yard at Bridgewater, Michigan. 

HARRIE R. PARISH, retail coal merchant of Allen, Michi- 
gan, was born March 2. 1870, in Allen, and has been in 
the coal business for thirteen years. 

WILLIAM D. PARKER, retail coal merchant of New 
Baltimore, Michigan, was born in 1869 at Chesterfield, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business for the last 
ten years. 

H. PAULSEN, Manager Iron County Lumber & Fuel Co., 
Crystal Falls, Michigan, was born in Denmark March 19, 
1873, and has been in the coal business for three years. 

CHARLES GAGE PEER, well-known retail coal merchant 
of Flint, Michigan, was born March 14, 1868, in Genesee 
County, and has been in the retail coal business for fifteen 
years. 

HOWARD W. PERRY, Vice President and Manager D. W. 
Hamilton Lumber & Coal Co., Saugatuck, Michigan, was born 
January 13, 1882, in Saugatuck and has been in the coal 
and lumber business for seven years. T. B. Dates is Secre- 
tary and Treasurer of the company. 

J. L. PETERS, retail coal merchant of Colon, Michigan, 
was born in Colon December 7, 1885, and has been in the 
coal business for seven years. 

JOHN VAN POPPELEN, Manager of Van Poppelen & Mun- 
ley of Bay City, Michigan, was born in 1869 in the Nether- 
lands, and has been in the coal business for fourteen years. 
He was formerly President of the Bay City Coal Exchange. 

L. E. PUGH, retail coal merchant of Armada. Michigan, 
was born March 22, 1878, at Toledo, Iowa, and has been in the 
coal business for ten years. He was formerly connected 
with the Saline Lumber Co., Crete, Nebraska, for a number 
of years and previous to that was in the banking business. 

ERNEST A. REMER, prominent retail coal merchant of 
Cedar Springs, Michigan, was born February 23, 1861, in 
Yates County, New York, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-six years. Mr. Remer has also served as a Di- 
rector of the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana Coal Association. 

SYDNEY H. REYNOLDS, President Dundee Mercantile 
Co.. Dundee, Michigan, was born in 1863 at Dundee and has 
been in the coal business for the past five years. 



OTTO F. RICHTER, Manager and Treasurer of the Sagi- 
naw Ice & Coal Co., Saginaw, Michigan, was born November 
24, 1863, in Saginaw and has been in the coal business over 
twenty-six years. He has served as President of the Sagi- 
naw Retail Coal Dealers Association. George B. Nobel is 
President of the company, Jos. W. Needham Vice President, 
and James H. Malcolm Secretary, all equal owners. 

JOHN A. RIPSLINGER of Ripslinger Bros., Saginaw, 
Michigan, was born in Saginaw, July 31, 1874, and has been 
in the coal business over twenty years. 

MARTIN RIPSLINGER of Ripslinger Bros., Saginaw, 
Michigan, was born February 11, 1872, in Mt. Clemens, Michi- 
gan, and has been in the coal business over twenty years. 

JOHN ROACH, Manager Drinan, Roach & Co. of Mus- 
kegon, Michigan, was born December 9, 1881, and has been 
in the coal business for nine years. He was formerly con- 
nected with Otto Langkaw"el. 

NATHANIEL ROBBINS, well-known retail coal merchant 
of Grand Haven, Michigan, has been in the coal and build- 
ing material business for thirty-four years. He was born 
in Benton Harbor. 

H. D. ROBERTS, Manager of H. D. Roberts & Co., 
Galion, Michigan, was born January 23, 1867, and has been 
in the coal business for fifteen years. 

WM. H. L. ROHDE, retail coal merchant of Ann Arbor, 
Michigan, was born January 30, 1872, in Ann Arbor, and has 
been in the coal business since May 1, 1906. The business 
was established by his father, Louis Rohde, in 1878. 

LOUIS E. SCHNORBACH, a member of the firm of Otto 
Langkawel & Co., Muskegon, Michigan, was born April 25. 
1879, at Muskegon and has been in the coal business for the 
last three years. 

HENRY W. SCHWANNECKE, proprietor of the Genesee 
Coal Co., Saginaw, Michigan, was born June 7, 1880, in 
Saginaw and has been in the coal business fourteen years. 
He has served as Secretary and Treasurer of the Saginaw 
Coal Dealers Exchange Mr. Schwannecke operates three 
retail yards and does a large business. 

W. H. SEEDORFF, retail coal merchant of Battle Creek, 
Michigan, was born April 5, 1874, at Kalamazoo, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business for seventeen years. Be- 
fore going into the business for himself he was associated 
with F. A. Ward and W. A. Wattles. 

EDGAR MoMARTIN SERGEANT, retail coal merchant of 
Kalamazoo, Michigan, was born in 1877 in Kalamazoo and 
has been in the coal business for seven years. He has served 
as President of Kalamazoo Carbon Club. 

W. H. SHELDON, proprietor of Sheldon Bros., Climax. 
Michigan, was born in Climax in 1860 and has been in the 
coal business for over thirty years, having erected the first 
coal sheds in Climax. 

WILLIAM SIMPSON, retail coal merchant of Saginaw, 
Michigan, was born September 26, 1866, in Saginaw and has 
been in the coal business fifteen years. 

EARLE BERRIDGE SLAWSON, retail coal merchant of 
Greenville, Michigan, was born in Greenville June 17, 1875, 
and has been in the coal business twelve years. 

W. J. SLOSS of W. J. Sloss & Son, Big Rapids, Michigan, 
was born in 1856 at Dearborn, Michigan, and has been in 
the coal business for thirty-five years. R. W. Sloss is his 
partner. 

ISAAC M. SMITH, retail coal merchant of Marcellus, 
Michigan, was born March 5, 1852, near Beaver Springs, 
Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
five years. 

PERLEY M. SMITH, retail coal merchant of Alma, Michi- 
gan, was born in 1850 in Massachusetts and has been in the 
coal business for over thirty years. 

WILLIAM H. SMITH, proprietor of the Constantine Lum- 
ber Co., Constantine. Michigan, was born October 5, 1864, at 
Milton, Pennsylvania, and has been in the business ten years. 

CLAUDE R. SPARKS! Manager C. R. Sparks & Co. of 
Berrien Springs, Michigan, was born January 27, 1875, and 
has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

F. B. SPEAR, senior member of F. B. Spear & Sons, Mar- 
quette, Michigan, was born September 16, 1842, in Hamilton, 
New York, and has been in the coal business fifty-four 
years. Mr. Spear has the distinction of having brought 
the first anthracite, the first cargo of Pittsburgh coal, and 
the first cargo of Pocahontas coal to Marquette county. 

FRED G. STEGGALL of the City Fuel & Supply Co., 
Bay City, Michigan, has been in the retail coal business for 
four years, and previous to that spent sixteen years with 
the Wenona Coal & Mining Co. 

FRANK A. STEVENSON, prominent retail coal merchant 
of Adrian, Michigan, was born April 12, 1852, in Jordan, New 
York, and has been in the coal business thirty-eight years. 



168 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



WILLIAM c. STKHMXG, senior member of W. C. Ster- 
ling: & Sons. Monroe, Michigan, was born September 7, 
184S, in Monroe, and has been in the coal business forty- 
nine years. This tlrtn is the oldest coal concern in Michi- 
gan, having- been started l>y J, M. Sterling- in 1847, seventy- 
one years ago. Mr. Sterling was interested in the first 
Mlling vessel plying between Monroe and Buffalo. He 
assisted in building the first railroad in Michigan between 
Monroe and Adrian and owned the first grain elevator In 
the state. There have been four generations of the Sterling 
family connected with the business. W. C. Sterling, senior, 
Joined his father In 1867; W. C. Sterling. Jr., joined his 
father In 1892. and Joe C. Sterling, II., has been with the 
firm during the past year. 

H. MARVIN STONE, Secretary-Treasurer Corlett-Stone 
Lumber Co., Three Rivers, Michigan, was born September 
11, 1878, in Milford, Missouri, and has been in the coa! 
business nine years. 

C. E. STl ART, Manager of Swartzmiller & Stuart of 
Chesaning*, Michigan, was born July 2, 1864. in Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business for the past ten years. 

UII.I.IAM F. SIMMKHHILL of the W. F. Summerrill Coal 
Co., Benton Harbor, Michigan, was born September 17, 1861, 
in Kosciusko County. Indiana, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for four years. 

RICHARD C. si PERN \\\, General Manager Supernaw 
Produce & Fuel Co.. Fast Jordan, Michigan, was born 
April 16, 1877, in Ellingburg, New York, and has been In 
the coal business for six years. 

JAMES O. TAFT, retail coal merchant of Howell, Michi- 
gan, was born April 2, 1860, in Oceola, Livingston County, 
Michigan, and has been in the retail coal business thirty- 
six years. 

WILLIAM P. THOMPSON, retail coal and lumber merchant 
of Augusta, Michigan, was born December 26, 1859, in New 
York State, and has been in the coal business for eighteen 
years. 

!•:. J. TOUSIGNAT, retail coal merchant of Ontonagon. 
Michigan, was born November 14, 1885, in Canada, and 
has been in the coal business for five years. He was for- 
merly with the M. Van Orden Co. of Houghton, Michigan. 

FREDERICK C. TRAGER, retail coal merchant of Lan- 
sing, Michigan, was born April '21, 1872. at Bristol. Indiana, 
and has been in the retail coal business for ten years. 

JOHN BARTON TROWBRIDGE, retail coal merchant of 
Frankfort. Michigan, was born December 14, 1865, at Ev- 
ansville, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal business 
fifteen years. 

WILLIAM J. TUNSTEAD, retail coal merchant of Ox- 
ford. Michigan, was born March 17, 1840, at Brantford, On- 
tario, and has been in the retail coal business for thirty- 
eight years. 

GEORGE R. TURNER, retail coal merchant of Sturgls, 
Michigan, was born June 29. 1857, and has been in the coal 
business eight years as successor to Joseph R. Cook, de- 
ceased. 

JAMES ROBINSON TURNER, Sales Manager Reliance- 
Jellico Coal Sales Agency at Kalamazoo, Michigan, with a 
branch office at Wcllston. Ohio, was born February 20, 1858, 
in Boone County, Kentucky, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness twenty-three years. Mr. Turner is a Director and 
stockholder In the Vinton Mining Co.. McArthur, Ohio. 

EZRA R. TYLER, well known retail coal merchant of 
Saugatuck. Michigan, was born In 1842 in Rochester, New 
York, and has been in the coal business for over twenty- 
one years. 

LEWIS C. UPSON, President Beldlng Coal & Ice Co., Beld- 
Ing, Michigan, was born April 11. 1869, at Otsego, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business for ten years. 

C. W. UPTON, retail coal merchant of Rochester, Michi- 
gan, was born August 4. 1862, at Utica, Michigan, and has 
been in the coal business for the past twelve years. 

• .Mi miii s YANDKLAARH of the Kalamazoo Ice & Fuel 
Co., KAlIling goo. Michigan, was bom January -■:.. lssii, 
ami has been in the coal business for twelve years. He was 
with his father before selling out to the present company. 

\IGISTIS II. \l\ in: M\ltK. Manager A. 1!. Van 

DeMark & Co., Clinton, Michigan, was born March ->-. 1841, 

in Phelps, New York, ami lias snlil and handled coal for 
forty-seven years. He sold the (Irst anthracite that was . 
shipped Into his city for domestic use. 

FRANK L. VAN OHIH.V Vice President and General 

Lger The M. Van orden Co.. Houghton, Michigan, for 

eighteen years followed mining engineering and for the 

last three years has been actively engaged In looking after 

his father's company. 

>i\tiii<:\\ \ w okdkv Praaidanl The m. Van Ordtn Co., 

Houghton. Michigan, was born October It, 1846, In New York 
City, and has been aetively engaged in the roil and building 
supply business for more than forty-five years. 



RICHARD VINCENT, Secretary and Manager of The Peo- 
ples Fuel Co., Calumet, Michigan, was born June 5, 1872, at 
Hancock, Michigan, and has been In the coal business for 
over twenty-two years. 

HARRY G. WARD, President Ward Lumber & Coal Co., 
Big Rapids, Michigan, was born August 30, 1860, at Holland 
Patent, New York, and has been In the coal business for 
twelve years. H. J. Ward is Vice President and F. M. Ward 
Secretary and Treasurer. 

LOUIS I>. WALLACE, President and Manager John Wal- 
lace Sons Co., St. Joseph, Michigan, was born in 1864 at 
Chicago and has been in the coal business for over thirty 
years. 

ALBERT M. WATSON, Manager of Huckleberry & Watson, 
Cadillac, Michigan, was born January 13, 1883, at Spring 
Lake, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for twelve 
years. The firm is composed of Edwin Watson and Albert 
M. Watson. 

LEE WATSON. Secretary and Manager of Crawford & 
Co., coal merchants of Breckenridge, Michigan, has been in 
the coal business for eighteen years, 

JOHN NELSON WEAVER, senior member of Weaver & 
Watkins. Milford, Michigan, was born April 4, 1844, at 
Green Oak, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for 
thirty-one years. This firm has continued without a 
change for forty years. 

L. J. WEBER, Manager Corlett-Stone Lumber Co.. Cen- 
terville, Michigan, was born October 21, 1883, in St. Joseph 
County, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for the 
past two years. 

NORMAN W. WELLS of the Consumers Fuel Co., Petos- 
key, Michigan, was born October 23, 1882, at Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, and has been in the coal business for five years. 
He is also Manager of the Petoskey & Bay Shore Gas Co. 

E. ARTHUR WESTON, retail coal merchant of Traverse 
City, Michigan, was born June 10. 1870, at Jefferson County, 
New York, and has been in the coal business for ten years. 

JAS. A. WHITE of the City Fuel & Supply Co., Bay City, 
Michigan, was born January 30. 1883, at Detroit, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business for eight years 

H. W. \\ mini II. id. retail coal merchant of Charlevoix, 
Michigan, was born in 1859 in Ontario. Canada, and has 
been in the coal business for twelve years. 

R. M. WIEGANDT, proprietor of West Side Fuel Co., 
Lansing, Michigan, was born December 23, 1879, at Rogers 
City, Michigan, and has been in the coal business for two 
years. 

ARTHUR S. WILLIAMS, Manager A. S. Williams & Co., 
Bay City, Michigan, was born July 13. 1880. at Bay City, and 
has been in the coal business for eighteen years. He has 
served as President of the Bay City Coal Exchange for two 
years. 

FREDERICK I. WILLIAMS, Manager F. I. Williams & 
Son, North Adams, Michigan, was born July 21. 1866, and 
has been in the coal business for ten years. Howard A. 
Williams is junior member of the firm, having been born 
February 20, 1893. 

DANIEL T. WILSON, Manager of D. T. Wilson Fuel, Feed 
& Seed Co.. Battle Creek, Michigan, was born April 22, 1862, 
in Greenville, Michigan, and has been In the coal business 
seven years. 

SAMUEL M. VVINNE, retail coal merchant of Petoskey, 
Michigan, was born in 1854 In Otsego, New York, and has 
been in business twenty years. 

ALBERT F. WOODIIAMS. President Wondhams Toland 
Co., Kalamazoo, Michigan, was born June 28, 1848, in Kala- 
mazoo and has been in the coal business since 1 S92 with 
the exception of six years. He has served as Vice President 
of the Michigan Retail Coal Dealers - Association and has 
also been President of the Kalamazoo Carbon Club. 

w 11.1,1 \M H. WITIIWELL. President The Sunfield Lumber 
Co.. Sitnlielcl. Michigan, was born January 23, 1X57, in Roch- 
ester, New York, and has been in the coal business five years. 

EMERSON SCOTT WOODS, Manager H. J. Woods & 
Sons. Plymouth, Michigan, was born June 9-, 1888, at Pinne- 
bog, Michigan, and has been in the eoal business five years. 

D. L. WOIITIIINGTON, retail coal merchant of Mendon, 
Michigan, was born May 16. 1859, and has been In the 
coal business for ten years. 

A. E. )oi\(i, retail coal merchant of Ravenna, Michigan, 
was bom March 31, 1SX6, in Ravenna, and lias been in the 
coal business for the past ten years. 

V. F. YOI VGS. retail coal merchant of Jackson, Michigan, 
was born In 1S56 in Hillsdale County, Michigan, and has 
been in the coal business for twelve years. 

H. P. ZWEMER, retail coal merchant of Holland, Michi- 
gan, was born at Saugatuck December 14, 1874, and has 
been In the coal business for sixteen years. He has served 
as President of the Coal Association of Holland. 



169 



MINNESOTA 



ALTHOUGH Minnesota produces no coal within 
its borders its geographic position as the gate- 
way to the great Northwest and its rich iron ore 
deposits — the utilization of which are, as a practical 
economic proposition, so closely interwoven with and 
dependent upon the movement of coal to the Head of 
the Lakes — give it an importance that robs its modest 
per capita and square mile consumption statistics of 
much of their significance. Stretching to the north, the 
west and, to a considerable extent, to the south is a 
broad area, largely agricultural, but dotted with well- 
known towns and cities, where the climatic conditions 
throughout the winter and during the spring and fall 
demand a heavy consumption of fuel for household com- 
fort. To a large degree this necessity in normal times 
is supplied by coal from the Pennsylvania anthracite 
and eastern bituminous fields and by far the major por- 
tion of this tonnage is ex-lake, flowing through the 
magnificent docks at Duluth, Minnesota, and Superior, 
Wisconsin. The vessels that bring this tonnage up the 
lakes from the lower Lake Erie ports receive return 
loadings of ore and grain. 

If state lines may be overlooked and Superior con- 
sidered, as it is in actual commercial practice, a part 
of Minnesota, the docks at the Twin Ports offer the 
coal shipper in the East a combined storage capacity of 
approximately 11,000,000 tons. Figures published in 
"The Eetail Coalman" in March, 1918, showed that 
the principal docks at Duluth had an aggregate storage 
capacity sufficient to take care of 330,000 tons of an- 
thracite and 4,239,000 tons of bituminous .coal, and 
that the aggregate storage capacity of the Superior 
docks was 767,000 tons of anthracite and 5,502,000 tons 
of bituminous coal. Government statistics for 1915, 1916 
and 1917 show the following receipts during the season 
of navigation; 1915 — anthracite, 1,687,726 tons; bitum- 
inous coal, 6,656,237 tons; 1916— anthracite, 1,413,713 
tons; bituminous coal, 8,171,524 tons; 1917 — anthra- 



cite, 1,823,799 tons; bituminous coal, 9,238,784 tons. 
During the same period the combined anthracite and 
bituminous shipments from Duluth and Superior to 
interior points were as follows: 1915, 251,842 car- 
loads: 1916, 312,845 carloads; 1917, 267,067 carloads. 
While chief reliance is placed upon the movement of 
ex-lake, fuel from the East it is not to he inferred that 
the Northwest is blind to the coal-producing states lying 
nearer home. The contrary is true. Minnesota has 
drawn heavily upon Illinois and Indiana — and particu- 
larly the former state — for fuel, and Minnesota business 
has been sought with eagerness by operators in the 
states named. The Twin Cities industrial district in 
particular and the territory lying south and west of 
that district in general have been bitter battle grounds 
in the struggle for supremacy between all-rail coal 
moving from the Illinois mines and Eastern coal mov- 
ing through the docks at the Head of the Lakes. Last 
year the combined Illinois and Indiana commercial ton- 
nage placed in the Twin Cities district reached 889,654 
tons, while shipments into the state as a whole aggre- 
gated 1,838,734 tons. 

In 1915 the per capita consumption in Minnesota 
was 3.22 tons (2.48 tons bituminous coal and .74 ton 
anthracite). Consumption per square mile was 89 
tons. The total consumption for the state was 7,506,- 
568 tons, of which 1,670,000 tons were Pennsylvania 
anthracite and 5,836,568 tons bituminous coal. Of the 
total bituminous consumption, 3,793,000 tons, or nearly 
65 per cent, was ex-lake coal. Illinois mines ranked 
next in importance, furnishing 1,334,330 tons. Contri- 
butions from other coal producing states were as fol- 
lows: Arkansas, 5,372 tons; Indiana, 72,934; Iowa, 
12,557; Kentucky, 345,333; Ohio, 65,094; Pennsyl- 
vania, 120,244; Virginia, 47,000; West Virginia, 40,- 
704 tons. These figures, of course, are for all-rail move- 
ment and exclude the ex-lake fuel coming from Penn- 
sylvania, West Virginia and Ohio. 



170 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



FLOUR CITY FUEL & TRANSFER CO., 

Minneapolis, Minn. 



Twenty year- ago .1. 1>. Kkstnnn. who for three years 
hail served honorably as sergeant of police at Minne- 
apolis. Minnesota, ami who had amassed as savings the 
modest capital of $100, determined to enter business 
for himself. With X. I.. Johnson as a partner this 
little capital was invested in a supply of cordwood and 




.1. n. KKSTKI >l. 

1'rexident Flour City Fuel & Trmixfrr Co* 

MinneapoIlM, MinneMota. 



thus began the history of the Flour City Fuel & Transfer 
Co.. which now has a capital of $300,000 and is one 
of the notable successes in the retail coal trade of Amer- 
ica. Mr. Kkstnnn attributes this success in great 
measure to the sincere endeavors of the company to 
please every patron. This of course involved much hard 



work. The demands of the people had to be studied 
and when determined prompt delivery anil other factors 
entered into the problems of the growing concern. The 
company was incorporated with a capital of $100,000 
in 191 1 and this was increased to $300,000 in 1915. 

The activities of the company broadened rapidly 
through the twenty years which measure its distinctive 
career. Wholesale and retail coal and wood comprise 
but one of its activities. Fireproof storage facilities con- 
st itute one of its great achievements. The company 
is at present operating about sixteen offices and eight 
yards in Minneapolis. In its coal department it uses 
about thirty trucks and sixty teams. Nearly 200,- 
000 tons of coal are distributed annually in the com- 
pany's retail business at Minneapolis. Its wholesale and 
jobbing trade exceeds 100,000 tons annually. 

The officers of the Flour City Fuel & Transfer Co. 
include the following: J. D. Ekstrum. President and 
General Manager; X. L. Johnson, Treasurer and Assist- 
ant General Manager; F. Warde Smith, Vice President 
and Manager Sales; John Olson, Vice President; IT. E. 
Johnson, Secretary; A. J. lluotte. Assistant Secretary 
and Credit Manager; August Kallberg. Superintendent 
of (Jarage and Automobile Department; A. F. Nelson, 
Superintendent of Yards; C. B. Ekstrum, Superintend- 
ent of Shops and Equipment. 

Mr. P. Warde Smith. Sales Manager, has been con- 
nected with the company only four years but in that 
time has materially increased the tonnage and is con- 
sidered one of the best sales managers in the city. 

Mr. X. L. Johnson. Treasurer, is also Treasurer and 
Manager of the Powers Fuel, Transfer & Storage Co. 

Mr. John Olson. Vice President of the company, is 
not active in the coal business but is interested from an 
investment point of view. 

The main office of the company is located at 40 West 
Fake Street. Minneapolis. 



171 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





WILLIAM FRANKLIN \ 1.1*1 •: M 1 1 .n I I :I( . Minneapolis, 

North Western Sales Agent Lehigh Valley Coal Sales Co., 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born August 22, 1872, in 
Dakota, Illinois, and has been in the coal business twenty- 
two years. Before being promoted to his present position 
Mr. Aldenderfer served as Chief Clerk of the Lehigh Valley 
Coal Co. at St. Paul, and previously as Cashier of the Lehigh 
Valley Coal Co. at Chicago. 



TRUMAN H. CLARK, Minneapolis Minnesota, 

North Western Sales Manager of Berwind Fuel Co., Ply- 
mouth Building, Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born October 
12, 1887, in St. Paul, Minnesota, and has been in the coal 
business four years. Before entering the coal business Mr. 
Clark was with the North Western Railroad. 








ARCH COLEMAN, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 

President City Fuel Co., McKnight Building, Minneapolis, 
Minnesota, is one of the progressive retail coal merchants 
of the Northwest. He was born May 29, 1877, in Detroit, 
Michigan, and has been in the coal business since Novem- 
ber 13, 1896. Mr. Coleman is highly respected and has an 
unusally large number of warm friends in the coal trade. 
He served as Imperial Modoc of the Order KoKoal and has 
held numerous other positions of honor in the trade. Be- 
fore organizing his present company he was connected 
with the Pioneer Fuel Co., The Weaver Coal & Coke Co., 
and The St. Paul & Western Coal Co. 



HARRIS P. GAGNON, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 

Vice President The Elliott Fuel Co., 120 South Fifth St., 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born January 24, 1878, at 
Marinette, Wisconsin, and has been in the coal business 
for seventeen years. He was formerly with the Pittsburgh 
Coal Co. and the North Western Fuel Co. Mr. Gagnon has 
served as chairman of the improvement committee of Min- 
neapolis and St. Paul track dealers. 



172 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





I. C. i I \ I I I lilt. Minneapolis. Minnesota, 

Editor and publisher of the "Coal Dealer," Lumber Ex- 
change, Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born July 5, 1860, in 
Holland. Mr. Cuvellier was connected with the W. W. Car- 
gill Co. in the retail coal business twenty-two years and es- 
tablished his paper for the coal dealers of the Northwest 
thirteen years ago. He is a man who has the courage of 
his convictions and has many warm friends throughout 
the Northwest. 



WILLIAM RICHARD CUVELLIER, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 

Assistant Manager of the "Coal Dealer," Lumber Exchange, 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born in 1888 at La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, and has been associated with his father In 
publication of the "Coal Dealer" for the past eleven years. 





WILLIAM II. GODWIN, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 

Manager of Sales of the Carnegie Dock & Fuel Co., 
National-Son Line Building, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
was born July 'J5. 1868, at Montreal, Canada, and has been 
In the coal business for- twenty years. Mr. Godwin was 
formerly eonnseted With the Ohio Coal Co., The Pittsburgh 
Coal Co., the Clarkaon Coal A Dock Co., and the Berwlnd 
Fuel Co. 



WILLIAM P. II AI. LOWELL, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 

v\ir President ami Treasurer of the Holmes & Halloweil Co., 
Plymouth Building, Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born No- 
vember 30, 1863, at Germantown, Pennsylvania, and has 
bean In the Ooal business for thirty years. Before organ- 
izing his present company Mr. Halloweil was formerly 
connected with the North Western Kuel Co., H. W. Arm- 
strong CO., ToughiOffheny & l-vliigh Coal Co., and the Holmes 
& McCaughy Coal Co, 



173 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




■ 




HERBERT I,. LAIRD, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 

Secretary and Treasurer North Western Traffic and Service 
Bureau, Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born January 19, 1871, 
in Colo, Iowa, and has been connected with the coal trade 
twelve years, as Secretary of the Iowa and Nebraska Coal 
Dealers' Association and of the North Western Retail Coal 
Dealers' Association, which three years ago was merged 
into the North Western Traffic and Service Bureau. Mr. 
Laird is popular in the trade. He was for a number of 
years engaged in an official capacity in railroad work. 



GARDINER H. REEVES, Minneapolis Minnesota, 

President The Reeves Coal Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
was born January 27, 1863, in Bradford, Maine, and has 
been in the coal business twenty-eight years. Mr. 
Reeves has a wide acquaintance in the coal trade of the 
Northwest, having formerly been connected with the Le- 
high Valley Coal Co. and later for several years Secretary 
and Treasurer of the North Western Retail Coal Dealers' 
Association. 





JOHX H. SESSIONS, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 

North Western Sales Agent of the Philadelphia & Reading 
Coal & Iron Co. at Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born No- 
vember 6, 1848, at Randolph, Vermont, and has been in 
the coal business for twenty-five years. Mr. Sessions is one 
of the best known and most highly respected coal men in 
the Northwest. 



CHARLES I,. SWAIN, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 

President and Treasurer Swain-Farmer Co., Minneapolis, 
was born November 20, 1870, in Northfield, Minnesota, and 
has been in the coal business for twenty-five years. Mr. 
Swain was formerly with H. L. Swain & Co. and the Swain 
Fuel & Transfer Co.. before organizing his present concern. 
He started in a small way and has been successful in build- 
ing up a splendid retail business. 



174 



COAL MKX OF AMERICA 





WORRELL (I.ARKSON, St. Paul, Minnesota, 

President Clarkson Coal & Dock Co., President Clarkson 
Coal Mining Co., and President Peoples CoaJ & Ice Co., St. 
Paul, Minnesota, was born February 12, 1870, in Middletown, 
Delaware, and has been in the coal business twenty-seven 
years. Mr. Clarkson is one of the well-known and progres- 
sive coal men in the Northwest. He was formerly in the 
retail business at Duluth and later with the Lehigh Valley 
Coal Co., before forming his present company, which has 
enjoyed a most successful growth. 



EDWARD NKI,M)\ SAI XDIOIIS, JR.. St. Paul, Minnesota, 

President North Western Fuel Co., St. Paul, Minnesota, 
was born July 15, 1877, at St. Paul, and has been in the coal 
business for the past eighteen years. Mr. Saunders is the 
head of one of. the most important dock companies in the 
Northwest, and is also interested in the Lorain Coal & 
Dock Co., and the Spring Valley Coal Co. 





III.MO I.KWIN SMITH, St. Paul, Minnesota, 

Vice President of the M. A. Hanna Coal & Dock Co., St. 
Paul, Minnesota, was born In November, 1868, at St. Paul, 
and h;in Ik en in tin- eoaj business for the past thirty years. 
Mr. Smith is <> n.- of the lust known coal men in the North- 
west mill wiim formerly connected with the North Western 
Fini Co. He lias served as President of North Western Coal 
Dock Operators Association and on the advisory board of 
tin- National Coal Association, 



WILLIAM WAI.LACI-: CHAPMAN. Minneapolis Minnesota, 

President North West Coal Supply Co., Plymouth Building, 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born April 5, 1865, at Tama 
City, Iowa, and has been In the coal business a quarter of 
a century. Mr. Chapman has a wide acquaintance In the 
coal trade through the North wist. He was formerly with 
the Ohio Coal Co.. The Lehigh Valley Coal Co. and the 
Pittsburgh Coal Co. 



175 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JAMES ATKINSON FERGUSON, Duluth, Minnesota, 

Northern Sales Agent Pittsburgh Coal Co., Duluth, Minne- 
sota, was born October 29, 1857, in New Brunswick, Canada, 
and has been in the coal business thirty-three years. Mr. 
Ferguson was President of the Pioneer Fuel Co. during its 
early connection with the Pittsburgh Coal Co., and at that 
time became Northern Sales Agent of the latter company 
with offices at Duluth, covering the territories of Northwest 
Wisconsin, Northern Minnesota and Western Canada. 



FRED EUGENE WOI.VIN, Duluth, Minnesota, 

Sales Agent and Manager Local Agency, Carnegie Dock & 
Fuel Co., Duluth, Minnesota, was born August 28, 1890, at 
Duluth, Minnesota, and has been in the coal business for 
two years. Mr. Wolvin is one of the progressive younger 
coal men at the Head of the Lakes. 



176 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



MINNESOTA — Minneapolis 



BARNEY A.\UKRSK\, proprietor Barney Andersen Co., 
retail coal merchants of Minneapolis. Minnesota, was 
born June 4, 1868, In Norway, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for t unity-two years. He has held the office of Treas- 
urer, Vice President and President of the Minneapolis Re- 
tail Coal Dealers Association. He is a member of several 
fraternal organizations and has served as County Commis- 
sioner of Hennepin County, Minnesota. 

lit in>l I'll s. BT, BLOCK, North Western Sales Agent Big 
Creek Colliery Co.. Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born Febru- 
ary 4. 1S87, in Manistee, Michigan, and has been in the 
coal business ten years. He was formerly connected with 
the National Mining Co. and the Harrisburg Southern 
Coal Co. 

in. mil. ic i WALTON BROWER, Representative of the 
Chicago, Wilmington & Franklin Coal Co.. in charge of the 
Minneapolis office, was born March 22. 1873, in Rochester, 
New York, and has been in the coal business eighteen years. 
He was formerly connected with the Lehigh Valley Coal 
Co., Williams & Peters, and the Pennsylvania Coal & 
Supply Co. 

. THOMAS V. COLLINS, Resident Manager M. A. Hanna 
Coal & Dock Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born Feb- 
ruary 14, 1872, at Worthington, Iowa, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-five years. Mr. Collins has a 
large personal acquaintance and many warm friends in 
the coal trade. He was formerly connected with the Silver 
Creek & Morris Coal Co.. Philadelphia & Reading Coal 
& Iron Co., and the S. C. Schenck Co. 

THOMAS W. DANAHER, Salesman for the Chicago, Wil- 
mington & Franklin Coal Co. at Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
was born August 30, 1885, at White Lake, South Dakota, 
and has been In the coal business for three years. He was 
formerly with the Clarkson Coal & Dock Co. 

J. D. EKSTRUM, President and General Manager Flour 
City Fuel & Transfer Co., 40 West Lake St., Minneapolis, 
Minnesota, was born September 14, 1873, in Sweden, and 
nas been in the coal business twenty years. 

ARNOLD V. F1CKEL, Salesman for the Taylor Coal Co.. 
2728 Bloomington Ave., Minneapolis. Minnesota, was born 
December 25, 1887, at Minneapolis, and has been in the coal 
business for sixteen years. He was formerly connected 
with the M. A. Hanna Coal Co.. Pittsburgh Coal Co., and 
the Pittsburgh & Ashland Coal & Dock Co. 

MORRIS 1". HANSON. Sales Agent The C. Reiss Coal Co.. 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born May 8, 1866, in Den- 
mark, and has been in the coal business for nineteen years. 

WILLI \M T. HOPKINS. Manager of Sales of the Swain- 
Farmer Coal Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born August 
7, 1879. at Stratford. Ontario, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for seventeen years. He was formerly connected with 
the Jones & Adams Co.. St. Paul & Western Coal Co., and 
the City Fuel Co., and is very popular in trade circles. 

ANTHONY J. Hl'OTTE, Assistant Secretary and Credit 
Manager Flour City Fuel & Transfer Co., Minneapolis, Min- 
nesota, was born December 25, 1876, in Chippewa Falls, 
Wisconsin, and has been in the coal business twenty- 
four years. He was formerly connected with the Ohio 
Coal Co. and the C. Reiss Coal Co. 

HENRY ERNST JOHNSON, Secretary Flour City Fuel 
& Transfer Co., 3700 Blaisdell Ave., Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
was born September 22, 1882, at Waseca County, Minnesota, 
and has been in the coal business for the last seven years. 

N. L. JOHNSON, Treasurer and Assistant General Mana- 
ger of the Flour City Fuel & Transfer Co.. 3221 Pillsbury 
St., Minneapolis. Minnesota, was born March 13. 1873, in 
Sweden, and has been in the coal business for the last 
eighteen years. 

EDW \RD STILLMAN KENDRICK, JR., President Ken- 
driek Coal & Dock Co., Chamber of Commerce Building, 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born April 12, 1886, In New 
York City, and has been in the coal business twelve 
years. He was formerly Sales Manager for the Berwind 
Fuel Co. of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

i D0AB W. KLINE, a salesman of the Reliance Coal Co., 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born October 30, 1880, at Byron, 
Illinois, and has been in the coal business for the last 
twenty years. He was formerly with the Lehigh Valley 
Coal Co., The S. C. Schenck Coal Co., and the Carnegie 
Doek & Fuel Co. of Minneapolis. 

oi.iYKll J. messkr, proprietor Plymouth Fuel & 
Lumber Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born in Ohio and 
has been In the coal business for nearly twenty years. 

OsH mi ii. in. ma, Resident Manager The Northern Coal 
ft Dock Co.. Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born March 
30, 1885, at Minneapolis, and has been In the coal business 
for fifteen years. Mr. Olsen was formerly connected with 
the Sunday Creek Co. and the Pittsburgh Coal Co. 



JAMES H. PHILLIPS. North Western Sales Agent C. M. 
Moderwell & Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born August 
16, 1876, at Carson City, Nevada, and has been in the coal 
business for the past nineteen years. He was formerly 
connected with the Holmes & Hallowell Co. and the Clark 
Coal & Coke Co. 

ERNEST C. PRATT, member of firm of Pratt Bros, and 
General Manager of Reliance Coal Co., Minneapolis, Minne- 
sota, was born June 1, 1869, in Minneapolis, and has been 
in the coal business thirteen years. Mr. Pratt is also 
President of the Dakota Coal Co., Director of the Western 
Coal & Coke Co. of Montana, and Secretary and a Director 
of the Nason Coal Co.. Chicago, and was formerly connected 
with the Zeigler Coal Co., Ziegler District Colliery Co., and 
the Purity Coal Co. Before that he was for four years 
editor of the "Black Diamond." 

GEORGE H. ROSENQ.UIST, proprietor of the G. H. Rosen- 
quist Fuel & Transfer Co., Minneapolis. Minnesota, was 
born April 11, 1876, at Minneapolis, and has been in the 
coal business for eighteen years. 

ARTHUR WILLIAM SAUNDERS, General Agent for Min- 
neapolis of the North Western Fuel Co., was born January 
4, 1881, at Cleveland, Ohio, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness with this company for thirteen years. 

R. W. C. SHllL, Treasurer J. & W. C. Shull, Minneap- 
olis, Minnesota, was born January 7, 1886, in Sac City, 
Iowa, and has been in the coal business ten years. This 
company is one of the largest owners of retail coal and 
lumber yards in the Northwest. 

F. WARDE SMITH. Vice President and Manager Sales 
Flour City Fuel & Transfer Co., 40 West Lake St., Minne- 
apolis, Minnesota, was born August 17, 1880, in Kokomo, 
Indiana, and has been in the coal business eleven years. 
Mr. Smith was formerly connected with the Berwind Fuel 
Co. and the Clarkson Coal & Dock Co. 

WALTER E. STILL, Sales Agent Zenith Furnace Co., 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born June 25, 1879, in Chicago, 
Illinois, and has been in the coal business fourteen years. 
He was formerly with Coxe Bros. & Co. 

E. *t. STONE, retail coal merchant, Minneapolis, Minne- 
sota, was born May 22, 1854, in Vermont and has been in the 
coal business for thirty-five years. Mr. Stone served for 
three years as President of the Minneapolis Fuel Dealers 
Association and one year as a Director of the North West- 
ern Retail Coal Dealers Association. 

FRANK K. SULLIVAN, President and Treasurer Sullivan 
Coal Co.. Minneapolis, Minnesota, was born April 6, 1866, at 
Ulster, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal business for 
thirty years. Mr. Sullivan was for ten years with the Taylor 
Coal Co. of Minneapolis and then engaged in business for 
himself which has enjoyed a steady growth. Mr. Sullivan 
has always taken an active interest in association work and 
was President of the local association for several years and 
has been a Director of the North Western Retail Coal Deal- 
ers Association. 

DELMAK AUGUSTUS TURNER, Salesman Chicago, Wil- 
mington ft Franklin Coal Co., 1025 6th Ave., South, Minne- 
apolis, Minnesota, was born November 3, 1896, in New York 
City and has been in the coal business for the past two years. 

W. R, TITTLE, Secretary Tuttle Coal Co., Minneapolis. 
Minnesota, was born July 13, 1881, in Hastings, Minnesota, 
and has been in the coal business ten years. He was for- 
merly connected with the Berwind Fuel Co. 



MINNESOTA — St. Paul 



SYLVESTER BRAND, well-known retail coal merchant 
of St. Paul, Minnesota, was born January 31, 1857, and lias 
been in the coal business for the past thirty-three years. 
Mr. Brand has served as President of the St. Paul Retail 
Coal Dealers Association for several years. 

RICHARD A. CARRINGTON, Superintendent of Yards 
North Western Fuel Co.. St. Paul, Minnesota, was born at 
Richmond. Virginia, and has been in the coal business 
thirty-five years. 

FRED J. CROPSEY, Agent Carnegie Dock & Fuel Co.. 
St. Paul, Minnesota, was born October 27, 1869, at Elgin. 
Illinois, and has been in the coal business for twenty-nine 
years. He was formerly connected with the Pioneer Fuel 
Co. and the Pittsburgh Coal Co. 

GEORGE A. DORAN, part owner F. B. Doran & Co., 2d 
and Wabasha Sts., St. Paul, Minnesota, was born August 
18, 1867, in McHenry County. Illinois, and has been in the 
coal business since 1888. This business was started In 
1881 by F. B. Doran, who died In 1914. It Is now con- 
ducted by George A. and his brother, C. B. Doran. 

HAY ('. EVEHSON, Resident Manager Pittsburgh Coal Co., 
St. Paul. Minnesota, was born October 13, 1891, at Minne- 
apolis, Minnesota, and has been in the coal business for 
the past ten years, the entire time with this company. 



177 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



FILLER W. POOSHE, Secretary Citizens Ice & Fuel Co., 
St. Paul, Minnesota, was born January 29, 1875, in Coronaca, 
South Carolina. Mr. Fooshe has been in the coal business 
for the past eleven years. 

BENJAMIN GORHAII, Vice President and General Sales 
Agent of the North Western Fuel Co., St. Paul, Minnesota, 
was born July 8, 1872, at Austin, Minnesota, and has been 
in the coal business for the past thirty years. 

DONALD A. HUTCHISON, Local Manager Great Lakes 
Coal & Dock Co., St. Paul, Minnesota, was born August 
27, 1882, at Montreal, Canada, and has been in the coal 
business for sixteen years. He was formerly with the 
Holmes & Hallowell Co., The Vanderwarker Coal Co., and 
the Citizens Ice & Fuel Co. 

ALBERT JOHN NASON, President Nokomis Coal Co. and 
Secretary and Treasurer of the Osage Coal Co., 502 Peoples 
Bank Building, St. Paul, Minnesota, was born June 1, 1878, in 
Smithfield, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal business 
over ten years. 

MINNESOTA — Duluth 

A. J. ANDERSON, retail coal merchant of Duluth, Minne- 
sota, was born June 16, 1863, in Sweden and has been in Wie 
coal business for twenty-five years. 

ALBERT E. BOTSFORD, Superintendent of the M. A. 
Hanna Coal & Dock Co., Duluth, Minnesota, was born in 
1859 at Madison, Wisconsin, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for over thirty-five years. He was formerly connected 
with the Pioneer Fuel Co. and the Pittsburgh Coal Co. 

A. C. JONES, Director of the North Western Fuel Co., 
Duluth, Minnesota, was born January 11, 1845, in St. Louis, 
Missouri, and has been in the coal business for forty-three 
years, the entire time with this organization. Mr. Jones 
is also Vice President of the Stott Briquet Co. 

HENRY W. NICHOLS, Manager North Land Coal Co., 
Duluth. Minnesota, was born March 18, 1870, in New Lisbon, 
Wisconsin, and has been in the coal business fifteen years. 

EDWARD P. RADFORD, Secretary and Purchasing Agent 
Northern Lumber & Coal Co., Duluth, Minnesota, was born 
July 5, 1891, in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, and has been in the 
coal business six years. He is also interested in the Radford 
& Wright Co. of Duluth, Oshkosh and Winnipeg, the Home 
Lumber Yards of Winnipeg and the Bertram-Wright Lum- 
ber Co. of Minneapolis, and was formerly connected with 
the Pittsburgh Coal Co. and the Hibbing Lumber Co. 

AXEL P. WICK, Vice President and Treasurer of Wick 
Bros., Duluth, Minnesota, was born November 20, 1882, at 
Peshtigo, Wisconsin, and has been in the coal business 
for five years. 

FRED W. YOUNG, Vice President Clarkson Coal & Dock 
Co. at Duluth, Minnesota, was born in 1876 at River Falls, 
Wisconsin, and has been in the coal business for the last 
eleven years. 

MINNESOTA 

0. M. BOTSFORD, President Botsford Lumber Co. of Wi- 
nona, Minnesota, was born March 18, 1863, in Lake County, 
Illinois, and has been in the coal business for thirty-nine 
years. Mr. Botsford is one of the best known and most 
popular coal men in the Northwest. He was formerly con- 
nected with the Laird-Norton Co. 

CHAS. BROWN, retail coal merchant of Red Wing, Minne- 
sota, was born July 12, 1868, in Red Wing, and has been in 
the coal business for over twenty years. 

JOHN WM. CAMPBELL, retail coal merchant of Fergus 
Falls, Minnesota, was born March 18, 1871, at Clyde, Min- 
nesota, and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

RALPH PETTIBONE CRANE, General Manager Crane 
Lumber Co., Austin, Minnesota, was born April 21, 1887, in 
Austin, Minnesota, and has been in the coal business ten 
years. 

1. L. DEMARAY of Demaray & Munce, Pipestone, Minne- 
sota, was born November 10, 1882, in Le Mars, Iowa, and 
has been in the coal and grain business for twelve years. 
He was for two years Secretary of the Minnesota Farmers 
Grain Dealers Association. 

J. H. DREDGE of White & Dredge, Amboy, Minnesota, was 
born in Wisconsin, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-five years. 

FRANK A. ENGEL, retail coal merchant of Hastings. 
Minnesota, was born October 29, 1870, at Hastings and has 
been in the coal business for twenty-three years. 

JOHN F. FAIRBANKS, veteran retail coal merchant of 
Austin, Minnesota, was born July 25, 1857, in Iowa and has 
been in the coal business for thirty-four years. 

SAM K. FOWLER, retail merchant of Mankato, Minnesota, 
was born at Chatham, New Brunswick, Canada, and has been 
in the coal business for four years. 



MATH HABERER, retailer of Alexandria, Minnesota, was 
born June 25, 1858, in Germany, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty years, ever since coal has been sold in 
his town. 

GEO. S. HAGE, Secretary and General Manager S. Hage 
Lumber Co., Madelia, Minnesota, was born June 14, 1876 at 
Madelia and has been in the coal business for over twenty- 
five years. 

JOHN E. HENNESSY, President J. E. Hennessy & Co., Ex- 
celsior, Minnesota, was born July 27, 1867, at Winona, Min- 
nesota, and has been in the coal business for twenty-six 
years. 

WILLIAM L. IRELAND, retail coal merchant of Crookston, 
Minnesota, was born December 23, 1879, at Chesley, Ontario, 
and has been in the coal business for the past four years. 

JOHN J. KILTY, retail coal merchant of Stillwater, Min- 
nesota, was born October 28, 1861, in Ireland, and has been 
in the coal business over thirty years. 

JOHN LARSON, retail coal merchant of Brainerd, Minne- 
sota, was born October 24, 1856, in Denmark, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-eight years, and is the 
pioneer coal merchant of Brainerd. 

N. S. NELSON, Manager Albert Lea Fuel Co. of Albert 
Lea, Minnesota, was born November 14, 1859, in Denmark, 
and has been in the coal business for nearly thirty years. 

RALPH N. NELSON of the Albert Lea Fuel Co., Albert 
Lea, Minnesota, was born July 5, 1896, at Dell Rapids, South 
Dakota, and has been in the coal business with his father 
for the past two years. 

JOHN NETT, retail coal merchant of Albany, Minnesota, 
was born September 27, 1884, at St. Martin, and has been 
in the coal business for three years. 

JOHN W. NIELSEN, retail coal merchant. Hutchinson, 
Minnesota, was born January 24, 1870, in Denmark, and has 
been in the coal business for six years. He was formerly 
Manager of the Farmers Elevator Co. at Buffalo Lake, 
Minnesota. 

JOHN O'DEA, well-known retail coal merchant of Winona. 
Minnesota, was born in Ireland in 1838 and has been in the 
coal business nearly thirty years. 

CHARLES S. OLDS, proprietor Crozier-Olds Coal Co., St. 
Cloud, Minnesota, was born January 4, 1876, at Luverne, 
Minnesota, and has been in the coal business at St. Cloud 
for eight years. He was formerly connected with E. A. 
Brown Co. at Luverne, Minnesota. 

CLARENCE A. REMINGTON, proprietor Remington Lum- 
ber Co., Hibbing, Minnesota, was born May 25, 1858, in 
Jefferson County, New York, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for six years. He has served as President of the Range 
Coal Dealers Association. 

J. O. RINDAHL of the Cargill Elevator Co. at Ada, Min- 
nesota, was born April 7, 1874, at St. Peter, Minnesota, and 
has been in the coal business for the past seven years. 

ALFRED O. ROLFE, veteran retail coal merchant of Ada. 
Minnesota, was born November 15, 1855, at Cole Brook, New 
Hampshire, and has been in the coal business for thirty- 
three years. 

JOSEPH A. ROTHMAN, retail coal merchant of Ely, Min- 
nesota, was born October 13, 1884, in Wisconsin and has 
been in the coal business for seven years. 

H. R. SHELDON, Manager Sheldon & Richardson, Roches- 
ter, Minnesota, was born November 26, 1858, in Syracuse, 
New York, and has been in the coal and grain business 
over twenty-six years. 

G. F. STREATER, Secretary Botsford Lumber Co., Winona, 
Minnesota, was born November 14, 1875, in Kossuth County, 
Iowa, and has been in the coal business for twenty-five 
years. He was formerly connected with the Laird-Norton 
Yards. 

CHAS. T. TAYLOR, well known and popular retail coal 
merchant of Mankato, Minnesota, was born December 2, 
1860, in Red Wing, Minnesota, and has been in the coal 
business for over twenty-five years. Mr. Taylor has served 
as President of the North Western Retail Coal Dealers As- 
sociation, President of the Mankato Fair & Blue Earth 
County Agricultural Association. President of the Mankato 
Automobile Club, Mayor of Mankato three different terms, 
and President of the Mankato Commercial Club. 

ALBERT G. SWANSON, retail coal merchant of Welch, 
Minnesota, was born September 28, 1870, in Goodhue County, 
Minnesota, and has been in the coal business for eight years. 

F. W. WHITE of White & Dredge, Amboy, Minnesota, 
was born in New York and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-five years. 

HENRY J. WILLIS, well known retail coal merchant of 
Winona, Minnesota, was born in 1855 in Kenosha County, 
Wisconsin, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
eight years. 



178 



MISSISSIPPI 



KING COTTON stands in no immediate danger of 
surrendering his crown to King Coal in Missis- 
sippi, for the weather man and the character of 
the predominating enterprises of the state have com- 
bined to make fuel play a minor role in the develop- 
ments there. Producing no coal, as a consumer, whether 
considered from the point of view of the total tonnage 
used or the per capita or square mile consumption, its 
position in American coal trade history is well down the 
list of states of the Union. Its per capita bituminous 
consumption is only .70 ton, against a general average 
for the entire country, of 2.04 tons, while its 1915 



anthracite consumption, 2,000 tons for nearly 2,000,000 
people, was so small as to be entirely negligible. Upon 
a square mile basis the consumption was only 23 tons, 
as compared with the average of 123 tons for the coun- 
t rv as a whole. 

The total bituminous coal consumption for the year 
was placed at 1,3(58,388 tons. Only four states were 
called upon to furnish this tonnage, and of these four, 
Alabama with 596,218 tons and Kentucky with 630,518 
tons, shipped over 87 per cent, of the coal consumed. 
Illinois shipments were 96,577 tons and Pennsylvania 
45,075 tons. 



MISSISSIPPI 



J. Y. lti:i.l.. General Manager J. J. Bell & Son, retail 
coal merchants of Corinth, Mississippi, has been in the coal 
business for ten years. 

PAL.V1CK IIKADI.KY. retail coal merchant of Aberdeen, 
Mississippi, was born September 12, 18S0, in Ireland, and 
lias been in the coal business twenty-rive years. 

LOUIS JOHN HK.Vl \, retail coal merchant of Biloxi, Mis- 
sissippi, was born July 1, 1890, at Biloxi, and has been in 
the coal business for seven years. He was formerly con- 
nected with the Biloxi Artificial Ice Mfg. Co. 

JOSEPH >li:\IH'.lts BBOWR, proprietor of the Jay-Em- 
Bee Coal Co., Grenada, Mississippi, was born June 19, 1873, 
'•■ffeeville, Mississippi, and has been in the coal business 
live years. Previous to that be was engaged in the cotton 
and cotton seed oil business. 



I.KI.AM) \v. DEI.AXV of the Delany Coal & Ice Co., 
Natchez, Mississippi, was born August 24, 1885, at Natchez 
and has been in the coal business for the last four years. 

It. G. fiOTHKI.F, proprietor of the Gothelf Coal Co., 
Vicksburg, Mississippi, was born March 20, 1891, at Vicks- 
burg, Mississippi, and has been in the coal business for 
the last six years. 

COM MIM s R. HI I.I. , proprietor of the Hull Coal Co., 
Vicksburg, Mississippi, was born in r857 in Mason County, 
West Virginia, and has been in the coal business six years. 
Mr. Hull is also owner of the Hull Packet Line which oper- 
ates the steamer C. R. Hull and barges Falcon and Vicks- 
burg. 

W. «. KIMMONS, President W. G. Kimmons & Sons of 
Corinth, Mississippi, was born In Corinth in 1845 and 
has been in the coal business for fifteen years. Associated 
with Mr. Kimmons are his two sons, W. G. Kimmons. Jr.. 
and J. M. Kimmons. 



179 



MISSOURI 



MISSOURI can justly lay claim to the attention 
of the coal trade, and particularly that por- 
tion west of the Mississippi river, both from 
the historic point of view and from the point of view 
of present day consumption and production. As a con- 
sumer of coal today it holds first rank among the states 
west of the Mississippi river. It is also far from a 
negligible factor in the total production mined beyond 
the "Father of Waters" and, though its output is 
exceeded by that of certain sister states, it is believed 
to have been the first commonwealth west of the river 
to enter the list of coal producing states. Because it 
lies in a pocket of producing states, being bordered on 
the east by the Appalachian and eastern interior coal 
basins, on the south by Arkansas and on the north and 
west by Iowa and Kansas, which are underlaid with 
the same measures that give Missouri its place in coal 
production history, the Missouri output enters but 
little into the general interstate commercial traffic, but, 
as a coal consumer, it makes wide calls upon eastern 
and southern producing fields. 

The Missouri coal beds, which are, as stated in the 
preceding paragraph, part of the western interior coal 
basin which also underlies Kansas and Iowa, geologi- 
cally speaking belong "to the Pennsylvania series of 
the Carboniferous system." That portion lying in 
Missouri has an approximate area of 25,000 square 
miles of coal-bearing formations, of which it is esti- 
mated that 60 per cent, may be considered productive 
under present conditions "and more will yield supplies 
at some future period." 

There are half a dozen fields of importance in the 
state, viz. : 

1. The Bevier, worked in portions of Boone, Chari- 
ton, Howard, Macon and Randolph counties. This 
field, which produces approximately 27 per cent, of the 
output of the state, is mined from a bed ranging from 
three to six feet in thickness. 

2. The Lexington, worked in Clay, Lafayette and 
Ray counties. Although the bed mined is very thin, 
ranging from 14 to 26 inches in thickness, "because it 
is ideally adapted to the long-wall system of mining 
and is situated near large consuming centers, this bed 
produces 27 per cent, of the total for the state." 

3. The Southwestern field, which includes parts of 
Barton, Bates, Henry and adjoining counties. Several 



beds are mined in this field and the total output is 
approximately 20 per cent, of that for the entire state. 

4. The Xovinger, in Adair county, which is in the 
same stratigraphic horizon as that mined in the Bevier 
iield and which averages three and one-half feet in 
thickness, yields 15 per cent, of the output of the state. 

5. The Marceline field in Linn county is worked in 
a bed 29 inches thick and contributes four per cent, of 
the total production of the state. 

6. The Mendota field, lying in Putnam, Schuyler and 
northwestern Adair counties, is the southern extension 
of the Mystic or Centerville bed of Iowa. "The coal 
in this field lies stratigraphically about 100 feet above 
that in the Xovinger and is probably at the same hori- 
zon as that of the Lexington field." Although in Iowa 
this is one of the most important beds worked, Mis- 
souri operations are of a very limited character. 

The occurrence of coal on the banks of the Osage 
river was noted as early as 1806 in Pike's "Account 
of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi." 
As far as known production statistics were a blank until 
1840, when the United States Census credited the state 
with an output of 9,972 tons. Between that year and 
1870, the date of the next absolute record, production 
apparently enjoyed a steady growth as the figure for 
the year last named was 621,930 tons. The state passed 
the 1,000,000-ton mark in 1876. Four years later the 
figure fell below this, but there was a pronounced recov- 
ery in 1878, from which time the upward swing con- 
tinued until 3,080,000 tons were reached in 1885. Out- 
put slumped off to 1,800,000 tons the year following. 
The statistics since that date are as follows: 



Year. Ton. 

1887 3,209,916 

1888 3,900,967 

1889 2,557,823 

1890 2,735,221 

1891 2,674,606 

1892 2,733,949 

1893 2,897,442 

1894 2,245,039 

1895 2,372,393 

1896 2,331,542 

1897 2,665,626 

1898 2,688,321 

1899 3,025,814 

1900 i. 3,540,103 

1901 3,802,088 



Year. Ton. 

1902 3,890,154 

1903 4,238,586 

1904 4,168,308 

1905 3,983,378 

1906 3,758,008 

1907 3,997,936 

1908 3,317,315 

1909 3,756,530 

1910 2,982,433 

1911 3,836,107 

1912 4,339,856 

1913 4,318,125 

1914 3,935,980 

1915 3,811,593 

1916 4,742,146 



180 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



From the point of view of the consumption of Mis- 
souri coal the railroads overshadow every other class 
of consumer; in 1915, the transportation companies 
took 2,351,940 tons of Missouri coal, or approximately 
62 per cent, of the total production. Approximately 
3 per cent, of the output was consumed within the 
state; of this, 84,091 tons were used at the mines; 
202,975 tons were sold locally and 773,350 tons shipped 
to points within the state. Interstate movement to six 
adjacent commonwealths took care of the remaining 
400,237 tons; Nebraska received 203,337 tons; Kan- 
L67,483 tons: Iowa. 22,729; Oklahoma, 4,800 and 
Arkansas and Illinois combined, 1,888 tons. 

A small anthracite consumption (.11 ton) serves to 
pull down the average per capita consumption in the 
state to 2.20 tons, as compared with 2.82 tons for the 
United States as a whole. The consumption per square 
mile, 116 tons, was only slightly under the general 
average. Despite these somewhat unfavorable average 
comparisons the total amount actually used within Mis- 
souri exceeded, as before stated, that of any other com- 
monwealth west of the Mississippi river. The total 
consumption for 1915, exclusive of railroad fuel but in- 
cluding 371.300 tons of Pennsylvania anthracite, was 
8,086,548 tons. Although the bituminous supply was 
drawn from 14 different states over 56 peT cent, came 
from Illinois. This high percentage, of course, was 
due to the proximity of the "Inner Group" and central 



and southern Illinois coal fields to the St. Louis mar- 
ket. During the year in question 7,782,577 tons, of 
bituminous coal, 180,478 tons of anthracite and 121,- 
389 tons of coke were received in St. Louis and it is esti- 
mated that 4,250,000 tons of bituminous coal and 
117,006 tons of anthracite of this amount were con- 
sumed within the St. Louis district. Of the estimated 
bituminous consumption approximately 3,750,000 tons 
were of Illinois origin. In 1916 the St. Louis receipts 
totaled 7,799,223 tons of bituminous coal, 172,832 
tons (including 13,859 tons shipped through) of an- 
thracite and 215,025 tons of coke. 

The detailed figures on consumption for 1915 show 
the following: 



Source. 
Alabama 
Arkansas 
Colorado 
Georgia . 



Ton. 

3,519 
198,768 
535 
538 
Illinois 4,391,722 



Source. 
Pennsylvania ... 

Virginia 

West Virginia. . . 
Wyoming 



Ton. 
294,820 

1,500 
158,763 

1,484 



Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Maryland 

Missouri 1,059,416 

Oklahoma 3,653 



12.632 
174,164 
926,480 
478,164 

*9,090 



Total bituminous 

coal 7,715,248 

Pennsylvania an- 
thracite 371,300 



8,086,548 



'Includes Maryland coal consumed in Texas. 



181 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




HARRY X. TAYLOR, Kansas City, Mo., 

Vice President of the Central Coal & 
Coke Co., Kansas City, was born April 
20, 1865, in Columbus, Ohio, and has 
been in the coal business thirty-six 
years. He is also interested in the 
Northern Central Coal Co., Scioto Coal 
Co., Harkes Coal Co., Taylor Coal Co., 
and Big Four Wilmington Coal Co. 
Mr. Taylor ranks as one of the ablest, 
most prominent and most popular coal 
operators in the United States. He has 
for years been an important factor in 
coal producing circles and was for- 
merly President of the General Wil- 
mington Coal Co., Big Four Wilmington 
Coal Co., and Monon Coal Co., General 
Manager of the Sunday Creek Coal 
Co., and President of the Western Coal 
& Dock Co. Mr. Taylor has been hon- 
ored with many offices and has served 
as President of the Illinois Coal Op- 
erators Association, President National 
Federation of Coal Operators, a mem- 
ber of the Executive Board of the 
Southwestern Coal Operators Associa- 
tion, Vice President of the National 
Coal Association and District Repre- 
sentative United States Fuel Adminis- 
tration for Iowa, Missouri, Kansas. 
Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas. 




FRED W. LUKJJV8, Kansas City, Mo., 

President and General Manager Farm- 
ers Fuel Co. of Kansas City, was born 
February 5, 1857, in Earlville, Illinois, 
and has been in the coal business for 
the past thirty-five years. Mr. Lukins 
is also General Manager and Secretary- 
Treasurer of the Waverly Coal Co., and 
President of the Southwestern Inter- 
state Coal Operators Association. He 
has been active and prominent in op- 
erating circles for many years and is 
highly regarded in the trade. He was 
formerly a partner in the firm of 
Lukins & Cavanaugh. and General 
Manager of the Chicago-Virden Coal 
Co., Illinois Collieries Co., and General 
Manager of the mines of the O'Gara 
Coal Co. He has served as Vice Presi- 
dent of the Illinois Coal Operators As- 
sociation, and has also been honored 
with election as President of several 
organizations outside of the coal in- 
dustry. 



182 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JOHN H. BOVAHI), Kujimuh City. Mfxxourl. 
President Northwestern Coal & Mining Co.. 400 Rialto Build- 
ing, Kansas City, was horn in Bellevue, Iowa, December 29, 
1854, and has been in the coal business since November, 1871, 
when he started at the bottom of the ladder, weighing coal. 
He has had experience In both the selling and operating 
ends, being connected with the Kansas & Texas Coal Co. at 
one time. Mr. Bovard is a Director of the New England 
National Bank of Kansas City. 



\\l>m;\\ M. HAWAII, Kannaa City, MInkouH. 

General Sales Manager Mackie-Clemens Fuel Co., Dwight 
Building, Kansas City, Missouri, was born December 29, 
1884, at Pittsburg, Kansas, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for the past nineteen years. Mr. Hannah was formerly 
connected with the Central Coal & Coke Co. and the 
Sheridan Coal Co., and has held practically every position 
from weighman up. 



JOHN R. CROW, JR., Kantian City, Mo.. 

President The J. R. Crowe Coal & Min- 
ing Co.. Dwight Building. Kansas City, 
was born in lss'i in Weir City, Kan- 
sas, and has been in the coal business 
for the past eleven years, succeeding 
his father, who was a well known coal 
operator in that section. Mr. Crowe is 
also Interested in the Junior Coal & 
Mining Co. and the Whitehead Coal & 
Mining Co. and is a member of the 
Southwestern Coal Operators Associa- 
tion. Be is at present in the service 
of his country. 




< II Mil I - II. HIGHTOWKR. Kantian City, i ii. 

Division Sales. Agent of the McAlester Fuel Co., Lathrop 
Building, Kansas City, Missouri, was born March 25, 1870, 
in Cleburne, Texas, and has been in the coal business for 
the past twenty-four years. He was formerly connected 
with the Western Coal & Mining Co. 



183 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





GRANT STAUFFEH, Kansas City, Missouri, 

President Sinclair Coal Co., Gloyd Building, Kansas City, 
and Vice President Semi-Anthracite Fuel Co. and Semi- 
Anthracite Mining Co., Alix, Arkansas, was born December 
1, 1888, in Hope, Kansas, and has been in the coal business 
for the past six years. 



GEORGE J. L. WULFF, Kansas City, Missouri. 

Division Sales Manager Western Coal & Mining Co., Railway 
Exchange Building, Kansas City, Missouri, was born May 5, 
1881. at Osage, Missouri, and has been in the coal business 
for eighteen years. Mr. Wulff started with this company as 
a stenographer and has received steady promotion to his 
present position as a result of consistent attention to his work. 



IRA M. FLEMING, Kansas City, Mo., 

President Fleming Coal Co., Kansas 
City, was born March 24. 1866, Ke- 
wanee, Illinois, and has been in the 
coal business thirty-two years. Mr. 
Fleming is also interested in the 
Cherokee-Crescent Coal Co., the Pitts- 
burg Northern Co., and the Girard Coal 
Co. He was formerly connected with 
the Rich Hill Coal Mining Co., Western 
Coal & Mining Co.. Southwestern Coal 
& Improvements Co. Mr. Fleming has 
served as President of the Southwest- 
ern Interstate Coal Operators Associa- 
tion. 



I. I'll', \KI) D. KMiTIV, Kansas City, 

Manager Kansas City office of the 
Sheridan Coal Co., was born Septem- 
ber 30, 1877, in Sedalia, Missouri, and 
has been in the coal business seventeen 
years. He is a son of Capt. S. W. 
Kniffin, a pioneer coal man in the Mis- 
souri and Kansas fields. Mr. Kniffin 
is also interested in the Roundup Coal 
& Mining Co. and the McCormick Coal 
Co. He was formerly connected with 
the Great Western Coal Co. and was 
Secretary of the Mid-State Retail Coal 
Dealers Association. 



184 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





HARVEY F. PIXLEY, St. I ...iiv Missouri, 

President Breese Trenton Mining Co., St. Louis, Missouri, 
was born November 25, 1869, at Ingraham, Illinois, and 
has been President of this company for seven years and 
previous to that has been Treasurer and a Director. Mr. 
Pixley is President of the First National Bank at Flora, 
Illinois, and prominent in business affairs. 



A. H. m.iiiiiH . St. I. ..in-.. Missouri, 
General Sales Agent Breese Trenton Mining Co., St. Louis, 
Missouri, was born March 23, 1882, in Washington, Indiana, 
and has been in the coal business for fourteen years. Mr. 
Beddoe is one of the best known and most popular mem- 
bers of the St. Louis coal trade and has received many 
honors at their hands. He was Imperial Baron of the 
Order KoKoal, President St. Louis Coal Club, and is the 
wholesale coal member of the St. Louis Rotary Club, execu- 
tive member Fifth and Ninth Districts Coal Bureau, and 
Chairman Coal Operators' Advisory Committee of St. Louis 
Fuel Administration. 





(XARESCE V. BECK, St. Louis, Missouri, 

President St. Louis Coal Co., 1009 Syndicate Trust Building, 
St. Louis, was born October 30, 1886, in St. Louis, and has 
been in the coal business thirteen years. Mr. Beck is also 
President of the White Coal Co., operating the Valley mine; 
Beck-White Mining Co., operating the Henrietta mine; the 
West Side Coal & Mining Co., operating the Consol mine 
and the Slogo Coal Co., operating the Slogo mine: the output 
of all these mining companies being handled through the 
St. Louis Coal Co. 



JAMES C. BLITHE, St. Louis. Missouri, 

President Inland Valley Coal Co., Equitable Building, St. 
Louis, Missouri, was born December 21, 1870, at St. Louis, 
and has been in the coal business since 1894. He has served 
as Secretary of the Williamson County Coal Co. and was 
formerly connected with the Lumaghl Coal Co. 



185 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





ALEXANDER A. BRYDEN, St. Louis, Missouri, 

Sales Manager Harris-Dillavou-Dimond Co., Wainwright 
Building, St. Louis, was born February 23, 1864, in Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, and has been in the coal business thirty-five 
years. Mr. Bryden is one of the well-known coal men of 
St. Louis. He was formerly connected with the Carbondale 
Coal & Coke Co., Bryden Coal & Coke Co., and the Borders 
Coal Co. He served as President of Retail Coal Association 
in St. Louis for five years. His grandfather and uncles 
opened the first mine of Carterville coal. 



THOMAS l(. HARRIS, St. Louis, Missouri, 

President and General Manager of White Oak Fuel Co., St. 
Louis, Missouri, was born near Nashville, Illinois, and has 
been in the coal business seventeen years. Mr. Harris 
is also President of the Madison County Mining Co. of Ed- 
wardsville, Illinois. He was formerly connected with the 
Berry Horn Coal Co., John T. Hesser & Co., and the Lu- 
maghi Coal Co. 




WILLIAM J. 1 1 1 :<- w i:i\. St. Louis, Missouri, 

President Hegwein Coal Co., 4800 Bulwer Ave., St. Louis, 
Missouri, was born February 17, 1876, at St. Louis, and has 
been in the coal business for twenty-nve years. Mr. Heg- 
wein was formerly connected with the Stephan Coal Co. 
and is considered one of the enterprising retail coal mer- 
chants of his city. He has two railroad yards located on 
Florissant and Bircher streets, catering exclusively to the 
north end trade. 



THOMAS T. BREWSTER, St. Louis, Mo., 

Vice President and General Manager 
Mt. Olive & Staunton Coal Co., 1012 
Federal Reserve Bank Building. St. 
Louis, was born March 31, 1867, in 
Saco, Maine, and has been a producer 
of coal twenty-eight years. He has 
been President of the Coal Operators 
Association, Fifth and Ninth Districts 
of Illinois; Chairman of the Committee 
on Accounting and Cost of Production, 
Fith and Ninth Districts of Illinois 
Coal Bureau; a member of the Ameri- 
can Institute of Mining Engineers, and 
a Director of the National Coal Asso- 
ciation. 



186 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





WILLIAM J. JENKINS, St. Louis. Missouri, 

Vice President and General Manager The Consolidated Coal 
Co. of St. Louis, was born February 5, 1873, in Chi- 
cago, Illinois, and has been in the coal business over 
twenty years. Mr. Jenkins is President of the Union Fuel 
Co., St. Louis. He was formerly connected with the North- 
ern Pacific Coal Co., the North Western Improvement Co. 
and Western Coal & Mining Co., St. Louis. Mr. Jenkins has 
served as Vice President-at-Large of the South West In- 
terstate Coal Operators Association since 1908 and is highly 
respected in coal mining circles. 



THADIIKIS I). PAYNE, Chicago, Illinois, 

General Sales Agent The Consolidated Coal Co. of St. Louis, 
St. Louis, Missouri, with headquarters in Chicago, was born 
in 1878 in Bowling Green, Kentucky. His early business 
experience was with railroads. In 1903 he became Chief 
Clerk to the President and General Manager of the Western 
Coal & Mining Co. and the Consolidated Coal Co. In 1907 
he was called to the same position with the President of 
the Western Maryland Railroad and the Davis Coal & Coke 
Co. Since 1910 he has held his present position. He served 
as Director of Industrial Distribution for the Fuel Adminis- 
tration of Illinois during the Great War. 



JOHN HENDERSON, St. Louis, Mo, 

President West Virginia Coal Co. of 
Missouri, St. Louis, was born Septem- 
ber 2, 1874, in Ohio, and has been in 
the coal business over twenty years. 
H<- is also President of the Superior 
Mining Co.. Belleville; Perry County 
Coal Corp., Coulterville; St. Ellen Coal 
Co., O'Fallon; Victoria Coal Co., Belle- 
ville: Liberty Coal & Mining Co., 
Renchler; Gus Blair Big Muddy Coal 
Co., Murphysboro, all of Illinois; La- 
clede Coal Co.. St. Louis; and Vice 
President Henderson-Wallace Coal Co., 
Marion, Illinois. 




WALTER F. ill i\i . M . St. Louis. Missouri, 

President and General Manager of the Heinecke Coal & 
Supply Co., 1940 South Klngshighway, St. Louis, was born 
October 8, 1879, in Lenzburg, Illinois, and has been in the 
coal business eighteen years. Mr. Heinecke is one of the 
most popular St. Louis retailers and has served as President 
of the St. Louis Coal Club. 



187 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 








JOSEPH D. LIIMAGHI, St. Louis, Missouri, 

Secretary and Treasurer Lumaghi Coal Co., 606 Equitable 
Building, St. Louis, Missouri, was born September 30, 1861, 
in Collinsville, Illinois, and has been in the coal business 
thirty-seven years. Mr. Lumaghi Is interested in the Wil- 
liamson County Coal Co. of St. Louis. 



JOHN C. MUCKERMAN, St. Louis, Missouri, 

Vice President of the Polar Wave Ice & Fuel Co. of St. 
Louis, was born November 8, 1868, in St. Louis, and has 
been in the coal business thirty years. He started with 
his father, who was one of the pioneers in the ice and coal 
business in St. Louis. The present company is the largest 
retail coal firm in the city, having twenty-one rail yards 
scattered in different parts of the city and numerous ice 
plants which supply their forty-two retail branches. Mr. 
Muckerman has a family of seven children, three sons and 
four daughters. 




EDMUND G. HIDGWAY, St. Louis, Missouri, 

Was born November 11, 1875, in Olney, Illinois, and has 
been in the coal business fourteen years. He was formerly 
connected with the Carterville District Coal Co. Mr. Ridg- 
way was the first Secretary of the St. Louis Coal Club and 
served as its President in 1917. 



EUGENE STEVENS, St. Louis, Mo., 

President Crown Coal Co., 1202 Central 
Bank Building, St. Louis, was born 
May 12, 1872, in Harvard, Illinois, and 
has been in the coal business ten years. 
He was formerly connected with the 
Benton District Coal Co., and Carroll 
& Franklin County Coal Co. Mr. 
Stevens is active in the Fifth and Ninth 
District Coal Operators Association. 



188 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





WILLIAM S. SCOTT, St. Louis. Missouri, 

President and General Manager Missouri & Illinois Coal 
Co., St. Louis, was born December 13, 1862, in Fredericks- 
burg, Virginia. He has been in the coal business thirty 
years. Mr. Scott was connected with the T. & H. Mining 
Co. and was President of the Scott-Wilson Coal Co. eight 
years. He has served as Representative of the Seventh 
District Illinois Coal Operators Association. 



CLIFFORD M. SNOW, St. Louis, Missouri. 

Manager Snow Coal Co., Pierce Bldg., St. Louis, was born 
in Liverpool, Nova Scotia, Canada. He has been In the coal 
business thirteen years. Mr. Snow was formerly Sales 
Agent for the Western Coal & Mining Co., St. Louis, and 
later was Manager of Sales of the Durham Coal & Iron Co., 
Chattanooga, Tennessee. From February 1, 1915, he was 
Sales Agent of the Consolidated Coal Co. of St. Louis, leav- 
ing their service June 1, 1918, to go into business on his 
own account. 



WALTER H. I \ HI HU hud. St. Louis, 
Manager St. Louis office of the Dom- 
hoff & Joyce Co., Times Building, was 
born March », 1882, in Cincinnati. Ohio, 
and has been In the coal and coke busi- 
ness ten years. Mr. Underwood spe- 
cializes in the sale of coke and has a 
wide circle of friends In the St. Louis 
territory. 




EDWARD J. WALLACE, St. Louis, Missouri. 

Sales Manager Stephan Coal Co., St. Louis, was born 
February 23, 1879. In New Haven. Connecticut, and has 
been in the coal business since 1905. He was formerly 
Sales Manager for the Mississippi Valley Fuel Co. and 
Western Sales Manager of the Dealers Fuel Co. He was 
Pictor of the St. Louis Order KoKoal, and organized the 
Missouri Retail Coal Dealers Association, and the St. Louis 
Coal Club. Hi' is sirving as advisor to Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor Wallace Ciiissli'v. Fuel Administrator for the State 
of Missouri, and advisor to the Fuel Committee In St. Louis. 



189 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





H. 11. WESSEL. St. Louis, Missouri, 

Sales Manager Kolb Coal Co., Mermod & Jaccard Building, 
St. Louis, was born in Nashville, Illinois, August 1, 1888, and 
has been in the coal business eleven years. He has taken an 
active part in the coal affairs of his city, and was elected 
President of the St. Louis Coal Club in April, 1918. Mr. 
Wessel was formerly connected with the St. Louis Coal Co. 



FRANK M. l[iei\Nn\ st. Joseph. Missouri, 

Wholesale coal merchant of St. Joseph, was born January 
23, 1870, in St. Joseph, and has been in the coal business 
fifteen years. Mr. Brinson is one of the well-known and 
enterprising wholesalers in the Southwest and has many 
friends in the coal trade. 



MISSOURI — Kansas City 



T. PERCY BRYAN, Secretary and Treasurer Gray-Bryan- 
Sweeney Coal Co., New England Building, Kansas City, 
Missouri, was born in Kansas March 24, 1873, and has been 
in the coal business twenty-three years. He was formerly 
with the Western Coal & Mining Co., and the Kansas & 
Texas Coal Co. Mr. Bryan has held many positions of honor 
in the trade — President of the Correct Weighing Association 
of Kansas City, President of the Interstate Retail Coal 
Dealers' Association, and of the Missouri State Retail Coal 
Merchants' Association, a Director in the National Coal 
Association, and a member of the Executive Committee of 
the National Retail Coal Merchants' Association, and has 
a wide acquaintance throughout the country. 

JAMES D. COLE, proprietor of Arkansas Fuel Co., Kansas 
City, Missouri, was born in 1862 in Prairie du Chien, Wis- 
consin, and has been in the coal business thirty-flve years. 
He was formerly connected with the Loomis Coal Co. and 
was "Vice President of the Citizens Coal & Coke Co., 
Denver, Colorado. Mr. Cole has served as President of 
the National Hay Association, and was the first Secre- 
tary of the Operators Association of Iowa, Missouri and 
Kansas. 

ALBERT MELVIN FELLOWS, City Manager Jackson- 
Walker Coal & Mining Co., Kansas City. Missouri, was 
horn August 25, 1868, in Lincoln, Illinois, and has been in 
the coal business twenty-nine years. Mr. Fellows has 
a wide acquaintance and is popular in the coal trade 
through the Southwest. He was formerly connected with 
the Western Coal & Mining Co., was Fuel Agent of the 
Missouri-Pacific Railway, and General Sales Agent of the 
Gould coal properties. 

GEORGE C. GRAY, President Gray-Bryan-Sweeney Co., 
New England Building, Kansas City, Missouri, is a native 
of New England, and has been in the coal business for 
over twenty years. Mr. Gray is also President of the Mis- 
souri City Coal Co., which operates a mine in Missouri. 

EDWARD C. HANKS, proprietor of Missouri-Kansas Coal 
Co., Kansas City, Missouri, was born August 19, 1886, at 
Mechanicsburg, Virginia, and has been in the coal business 
for the past seven years. 

HARRY HARRIS, Manager and Treasurer Laning-Harris 
Coal & Grain Co. of Kansas City. Missouri, was born De- 
cember 21, 1849, in Maryland, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for over forty-five years. Mr. Harris was formerly 
connected with the Petersburg Coal Co. of Petersburg, 
Illinois. 



HERSCHEL M. HERROLD, JR., Mine Superintendent Her- 
rold-Breivogel Coal Co., successors to the Herrold Coal & 
Mining Co., Kansas City. Missouri, was born August 18, 1879, 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal 
business six years. He was formerly with the Walnut Creek 
Coal Co. 

CHARLES E. KEARJVEY. a salesman of the Central 
Coal & Coke Co. of Kansas City, Missouri, was born Sep- 
tember 9, 1870, in Kansas City, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-two years, having covered South- 
western Kansas since 1897 for his company. 

CHAS. S. KEITH, President Central Coal & Coke Co., 
Kansas City. Missouri, was born January 28, 1873, in Kan- 
sas City, and has been, in the coal business twenty- 
eight years. Mr. Keith is one of the largest and most 
prominent coal operators and lumbermen in the Southwest, 
having extensive interests in several states, and is very 
highly regarded in the trade. He has served as President 
of the Southwestern Interstate Coal Operators Associa- 
tion, President of the Southern Pine Association, Vice Pres- 
ident of the National Lumber Association, Director of the 
National Chamber of Commerce, and President of the Kan- 
sas City Commercial Club, and has been active in many 
movements for the betterment of trade or civic conditions. 

RICHARD H. KEITH, President Bell Coal Co., Kansas 
City, Missouri, was born in 1882 in Kansas City, and has 
been in the coal business twelve years. Mr. Keith is a 
son of the late R. H. Keith, founder of the Central Coal 
& Coke Co., and brother of Charles S. Keith, the present 
President of that company. He was also connected with the 
Central Coal & Coke Co. for a number of years. He went 
into the first Officers' Training Camp. 

H. G. KELLOGG, President Midland Coal Co., Kansas City, 
Missouri, was born December 31, 1875, at Salina, Kansas, 
and has been in the coal business for the last fifteen years. 
Mr. Kellogg is also interested in a number of other operat- 
ing companies. He was formerly connected with the Kan- 
sas City-Midland Coal & Mining Co. and has served as 
Vice President of the Southwestern Operators Association. 

CHARLES H. MARKHAM, Sales Manager Interstate Coal 
Co., Kansas City, Missouri, was born September 12, 1874, at 
Erie, Kansas, and has been in the coal business for four- 
teen years. Mr. Markham has served as President of the 
South Western Steam Shovel Operators Association. 

HARVEY A. MoDONALD, Manager Bell Coal Co., Kansas 
City, Missouri, was born in 1876 in Pennsylvania, and was 
Manager of the City Department of the Central Coal & 
Coke Co. twenty-one years before assuming his present 
position. 



190 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



EDW tun s. \r.\ ii s. General Manager Nevius Coal Co., 
Kansas City, Missouri, was born January 15, 1864, in Law- 
rence County, Ohio, and has been In the coal business for 
thirty-three years. He is also President and General Mana- 
ger Nevius-Coulter Coal Co. and was formerly Cashier and 
Assistant Superintendent of the Kansas & Texas Coal Co. 

H'KKDKIIIIK WILLIAM SCIIEHMES. Vice President and 
Manager of the Katzmaier Coal Co., Kansas City, Missouri, 
was bom November 12, 1873, in Ohio, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-two years. 

HOBKHT I.. SMITH of Smith Bros., Kansas City, Missouri, 
was born August 12. 1865, in Jackson County, Missouri, and 
has been in the coal business for twelve years. 

HOWARD \. »\I\ELY. ISO* Kensington Ave., Kansas 
City, Missouri, a salesman for T. C. Keller & Co.. Chicago, 
horn February 7, 1x7 3. in Wathena, Kansas, and has 
liven in the coal business for thirteen years. He was for- 
merly connected with the Blackbird Block Coal Co. at Union- 
rllle, Missouri, for rive years, and Is well known among the 
coal trade of the Southwest. 

n\im\n ii. >\\ WSON, General Manager Lehigh & 
Havens Lumber Co.. Kansas <'ity, Missouri, was born Sep- 
tember 7, 1878, at Stanton, Iowa, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-one years. 

Ernest It. sweenei. Vice President and General Man- 
ager Gray-Bryan-Sweeney Coal Co., Kansas City, Missouri, 
was born in 1867 at Fort Scott, Kansas, and has been In 
the coal business for thirty-five years. Mr. Sweeney Is one 
of the most popular coal men in the Southwest and was 
formerly with the Keith & Perry Coal Co. and the Central 
Coal & Coke CO. 

QEORGE T. walker. President Jackson-Walker Coal 
,v Mining Co., Kansas City, Missouri, was born April 4, 
1866. in Princeton, Illinois, and died May 8, 1918, at his 
home in Kansas City. lie had been in the coal business 
thirty-four years. Sir. Walker was one of the prominent 
coal operators of the Southwest, having been interested in 
the Toluca Coal Co. and the Marceline Coal & Mining Co. 

M I S S U R I — St. Louis 

x i in ii I J. \\ I'.HY. Secretary and Treasurer Avery Coal 
.v Mining Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born April 15, 1876, 
in St. Clair County. Illinois, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for over twenty years. He was the first Secretary of 
the Fifth and Ninth Districts Operators Association of 
Illinois. 

RICHARD J. BEYER, Credit Manager Hegwein Coal Co., 
1401 North Park PI., St. Louis. Missouri, was born Decem- 
ber 29. 1886, in St. Louis, and has been engaged in the coal 
business for over ten years. He was formerly connected 
with the Polar Wave Ice & Fuel Co. 

EDWARD DEVOY, proprietor Edward Devoy Coal & 
Coke Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born in August, 1846, at 
St. Louis, and has been in the coal business continuously 
for over forty-five years. Mr. Devoy is considered the dean 
of St. Louis coal men and is President of the Coal Service 
Bureau of St. Louis. 

R. K. KUGKBRGCHT, Sales Manager Southern Coal, Coke 
A Mining Co.. 700 Security Building, St. Louis. Missouri, 
was born February 5, 1877, in Germany, and has been In 
the coal business for seven years. He was formerly con- 
nected with Devoy & Kuhn Coal & Coke Co. 

FRANK R. ELLIS, President Ellis & Richmer Coal Co., 
St. Louis. Missouri, was born July 20, 1876, in Eatontown, 
New Jersey, and has been in the coal business twenty-four 
years. Mr. Ellis was formerly connected with the Maguire 
Coal Co. for twenty-two years. 

L.OIIS A. GOLTERMANN, proprietor Hinrichs-Goltermann 
Fuel & Material Co.. St. Louis, Missouri, was born Decem- 
ber 14, 1S7 1. at St. Louis, and has been in the coal business 
for eight years. 

ALEXANDER W. HAMILTON, Southwestern Sales Agent 
of The Peabody Coal Co., Syndicate Trust Building. St. 
Louis, Missouri, was born February 19. 1878, at Newark, 
New Jersey, and has been in business eighteen years. 

HARRY F. HKKWKIX, Sales Agent Hegwein Coal Co. of 
St. Louis. Missouri, was horn in 1882 in St. Louis and has 
been in the coal business for fifteen years. He was for- 
merly connected with the Inland Valley Coal Co. and the 
Stephan Coal Co. 

THOMAS M. JENKINS, President and General Manager 
St. Louis <Si O'Fallon Coal Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was 
born July 4. 1860, in Albany, New York, and has been in 
the coal business eight years. 

HICHABL ■>. JOYCB, General Sales Agent Bickett Coal & 

Coke Co., St 1 is. Missouri, was born September 29, 1868, 

In Ireland, and has been in the coal business twenty-four 
years. Mr. Joyce was formerly connected with the Madison 
Coal Corp. and the Illllsboro Coal Co. 



CHARLES II. KRAl'SK, Vice President and General Man- 
ager The Willis Coal & Mining Co., St. Louis, Missouri, 
was born November 21, 1873, In St. Louis, and has been in 
the coal business for over twenty years. Mr. Krause has 
served as Secretary and Treasurer of the Coal Operators 
Association of the Fifth and Ninth Districts of Illinois. 

E. Ji KRAI si:. President and Treasurer of the Willis 
Coal & Mining Co.. St. Louis, Missouri, was born August 
26, 1871, and has been in the coal business for over twenty 
years. 

ERNEST I,. MAY, General Sales Agent St. Louis Coal 
Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born December 16, 1885, at Mar- 
ion, Illinois, and has been in the coal business for the past 
ten years. He was formerly connected with the St. Louis- 
Carterville Coal Co. Mr. May is very energetic and has 
taken a great Interest in the National Coal Jobbers Asso- 
ciation. He Is also Secretary of the St. Louis Coal Club and 
President of the Clinker Club of St. Louis, both important 
factors in St. Louis coal affairs. 

homer f. mi-donald. President M.tcor Coal Co., St. 

Louis. Missouri, was horn July 22. 1885, In Pinckneyville. 
Illinois, and has been in the roal business fourteen rears, 

lie was connected formerly with the White Walnut Coal 

Co.. Madison Coal Corp.,- and the Berry- Bergs Coal Co. Mr. 
McDonald served for two rears as Plctor of the St. Louis 
hreaker of the Order KoKoal. 

LOUIS KBBBHOFF, traffic Manager Hegwein Coal Co., 
St. Louis, Missouri, was horn In St. Louis and has been in 
the coal business for eight years. 

ROBERT A. NICKMtiSJ t\. President Gartslde Coal Co., St. 
Louis. Missouri, was born in 1874 In St. Louis, and has 
been in the coal business for ten years. He is also Presi- 
dent of the Gartside Land Co. 

J. J. O'DONNELL, General Manager West Virginia Coal 
Co., St. Louis, Missouri, also President of the City Coal Co. 
of St. Louis, a retail company doing an extensive business 
and operating three yards, was born November, 1880, in 
New York City, and has been in the coal business eighteen 
years. He was connected with the Lumaghi Coal Co., hav- 
ing been Sales and Traffic Manager for that company ten 
years. 

ARTHUR II. PAI'LE, President and Treasurer of the 
Paule Fuel & Material Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born 
September 9. lSfiS, in St. Louis, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-three years. 

CHARLES QVADE, President Charles Quade Coal & 
Hauling Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born December 22, 1881, 
in St. Louis, and has been in the coal business sixteen 
years. 

HARRY' C. RICHMER, Vice President and Treasurer 
Ellis & Richmer Coal Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born 
May 21, 1885, at Louisville, Kentucky, and has been in the 
coal business for fifteen years. He was formerly connected 
with the Maguire Coal Co. 

PHILIP A. RILEY, Secretary and Treasurer City Coal 
Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born February 13, 1881, at 
Montgomery City, Missouri, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for seventeen years. He was formerly connected with 
the Lumaghi Coal Co. and has served as Treasurer of the 
St. Louis Coal Club. 

ALEXANDER W. RORERTSON, Southwestern Sales 
Agent Taylor Coal Co. at St. Louis, Missouri, was born 
November 25, 1887, in Pullman, Illinois, and has been in 
the coal business for sixteen years. He is also interested 
in the A. W. Robertson Coal Co. at Charleston, Missouri, 
and is President of the Energy Coal & Supply Co., Cape 
Girardeau, Missouri. Mr. Robertson was formerly connect- 
ed with the New Kentucky Coal Co. at Chicago until 1909. 

WILLIAM S. SNYDER, Vice President and General Man- 
ager I-X-L Coal & Mining Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was 
born May 25. 1868, at McArthur, Ohio, and has been In the 
coal business for about twenty years. His company oper- 
ates two retail yards in St. Louis. 

WILLIAM J. SPVERING, Bookkeeper Hegwein Coal Co.. 
St. Louis, Missouri, was born February 8, 1867, in St. Louis, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty years. He 
was formerly connected with Donk Bros. Coal & Coke Co. 

ED. E. si(i ii:k. President Ed. E. Squier Co., St. Louis, 

Missouri, was horn February 14. 1842. In New Jersey, and 
has been in the coal business ten years. 

E. E. SQIIER, JR., Vice President and General Manager 
Ed. K. Squier Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born March 30. 
1879, in Pierre City, Missouri, and has been in the coal 
business for nine years. He Is now Captain in the Ordnance 
Department, 1". S. R.. at Washington, D. C. 

ROBERT HAROLD SQL'IER, Secretary Ed. E. Squier 
Co.. St. Louis, Missouri, was born September 23, 1884, In 
St. Louis, and has been in the coal business about ten years. 



191 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 






MICHAEL E. SULLIVAN, coal merchant, La Salle Build- 
ing, St. Louis, Missouri, was born December 11, 1859, in 
St. Louis, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
five years. He was formerly connected with the Maguire 
Coal Co., Consolidated Coal Co., and the St. Louis Coal Co. 

WILLIAM CLINTON TAYLOR, Sales Agent Johnson City 
Coal Co., St. Louis. Missouri, was born July 28, 1889, at 
Divernon, Illinois, and has been in the coal business for 
twelve years. He was formerly connected with the Madi- 
son Coal Corp., Williamson Coal Co., and Southern Illinois 
Coal & Coke Co. 

LOUIS H. TIEMANN, retail coal merchant of 4318 Gra- 
vois Ave., St. Louis, Missouri, was born February 10, 1863, 
in St. Louis, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
two years. 

FRANK F. TIRRE, Assistant General Manager North 
Breese Coal & Mining Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born 
August 8. 1871, in St. Louis, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twenty-five years. Mr. Tirre was formerly con- 
nected with the Tirre Coal & Mining Co. and the Northern 
Colorado Coal Co. Mr. Tirre has served as Secretary of the 
Fifth and Ninth Districts Coal Operators Association and 
was Modoc of the St. Louis Order of KoKoal. 

HENRY C. TRIER, Sales Agent D. E. McMillan & Co., 
St. Louis, Missouri, was born September 29, 1877, at St. 
Joseph; Missouri, and has been in the coal business for over 
twenty-one years. He was formerly connected with the 
Madison Coal Corp. and the Western Anthracite Coal & 
Coke Co. Mr. Trier has served as Treasurer of the St. 
Louis Coal Club. 

ORVILLE VIRDEN, General Manager of the Laclede Coal 
Co., St. Louis, Missouri, was born in 1878 in Illinois, and has 
been in the coal business for thirteen years. He was for- 
merly connected with the Smith Lohr Coal & Mining Co., 
the Southern Illinois Coke & Coal Co.. St. Louis & OFallon 
Coal Co., and the West Virginia Coal Co. 

NATHAN P. WITHINGTON, President and Treasurer 
Pioneer Coal & Coke Co., 1106 Syndicate Trust Building, 
St. Louis. Missouri, was born in San Francisco, California, 
August 27, 1881, and has been nineteen years in the coal 
business. He was formerly with DeCamp Bros, and the 
Yule Iron, Coal & Coke Co:, St. Louis. 

ALEXANDER YULE, Vice President and Secretary Pio- 
neer Coal & Coke Co., 1109 Syndicate Trust Building, St. 
Louis, Missouri, was born in England September 19, 1870, 
and has been in the coal business over a quarter of a cen- 
tury, all in St. Louis. Mr. Yule has held positions of honor 
in the St. Louis Coal Club, and in 1918 was with the United 
States Fuel Administration, Washington, D. C, in charge 
of the distribution of blaeksmithing coal in the United 
States, Canada, Old Mexico, and South America. He is 
also a member of the Advisory Board of the St. Louis 
(Federal) Fuel Committee. 



MISSOURI 



ROBERT W. ALLARDICE, President Allardice Coal Co., 
Trenton, Missouri, was born October 12, 1862, in Ayrshire, 
Scotland, and has been in the coal business thirty years. 

OSCAR F. ARNOLD of the Arnold Wood & Coal Co., 
Webb City, Missouri, was born January 7, 1844, in Franklin 
County, Virginia, and has been in the coal business for fif- 
teen years. 

F. WM. AUTENRIETH, Secretary and Treasurer Clayton 
Supply Co., Clayton, Missouri, was born in Clayton August 
3, 1891, and has been in the retail coal business nine years. 
He was formerly with the St. Louis County Supply Co. Mr. 
Autenrieth is interested in the Autenrieth Hotel, is Secretary 
of the George Autenrieth Estate Co., and while one of the 
youngest coal men in St. Louis County is Chairman of the 
Organization Committee and Advisory Board of the Fuel 
Administration for St. Louis County. 

CLARENCE J. BAXTER, Secretary Big Creek Coal Co., 
Kirksville, Missouri, was born August 31, 1870, at Prairie 
Du Sac, Wisconsin, and has been in the coal business for 
ten years. He was formerly connected with the Star Coal 
Co. at Kirksville, Missouri. 

FRITZ BOEDEKER, Manager Boedeker Coal Co., Hig- 
ginsville, Missouri, was born February 19, 1878, and has 
been in the coal business for twelve years. 

WILLIAM BURGER, retail coal merchant of Boonville, 
Missouri, was born in Baden, Germany, February 20, 1859, 
and has been in the retail coal business sixteen years. 

D. A. CHILDERS, retail coal merchant of La Grange. 
Missouri, was born in La Grange and bought out the La 
Grange Coal & Feed Co. in 1911. 

GEORGE A. COOPER, retail coal merchant of Neosho, 
Missouri, was born in 1859 in Pennsylvania, and has been 
In the coal business for sixteen years. 



JAMES L. CREASON, Secretary and Treasurer River Side 
Coal & Mining Co., Camden, Missouri, was born in Winston, 
Missouri, November 18, 1883. 

CHARLES AUGUSTUS CRUIKSHANK, General Manager 
Cruikshank Lumber & Coal Co. of Hannibal, Missouri, was 
born September 3, 1869, in Hannibal, and has been in the 
coal business for about twenty-five years. Mr. Cruikshank 
is well known in the trade and has always taken an inter- 
est in retail coal association affairs. He was President of 
the Mid-State Retail Coal Dealers Association in 1901 and 
1902; Treasurer of National Council of Retail Coal Mer- 
chants, 1901 to 1907; Vice President of the Northwestern 
Retail Coal Dealers' Association, 1909 to 1915, and since that 
Vice President Northwestern Traffic and Service Bureau. 

JOSEPH C. CULBERTSON, retail coal merchant of Tar- 
kio, Missouri, was born May 17, 1850, at Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, and has been in the coal business for over thirty- 
five years. 

C. P. DAVIDSON, retail coal merchant of De Soto, Mis- 
souri, was born in 1870 in Michigan, and has been in the 
coal business for the last twelve years. 

HENRY T. DEMAREE, General Manager Anaconda Coal 
Co., Clinton, Missouri, was born in Henry County, Kentucky, 
November 1, 1862, and has been interested in the mining of 
coal thirty-six years. He was connected at one time with 
Demaree & Whitworth and Thompson & Demaree. 

CARROLL CASVILLE DE SHON, Manager DeShon & Son, 
Cameron, Missouri, was born in Buchanan County, Missouri, 
February 16, 1886, and has been four years in the retail coal 
business. 

WILLIAM A. DOEHERTY, Manager Doeherty Fuel Co., 
Clinton, Missouri, was born in Kansas in 1889, and has been 
in the coal business eight years. 

JOHN DONAN, retail coal merchant of Mound City, Mis- 
souri, was born July 9, 1873, in Mound City, and has been in 
the coal business for five years. 

SAMUEL L. EVANS, retail coal merchant of Cameron, 
Missouri, was born in Stanberry, Missouri, March 7, 1865. 

ANDREW FINLAYSON, senior member of Finlayson & Son, 
Carrollton, Missouri, was born in Lanarkshire, Scotland, June 
24, 1860, and has been thirty-one years in the coal business. 
He was in business for himself and later with Finlayson & 
Ryan. 

JOHN T. FINLAYSON, junior member of Finlayson & Son, 
Carrollton, Missouri, was born in Carrollton October 3, 1886, 
and has been with the present firm since 1906. 

J. W. FITZPATRICK of the Clark Coal Co., Perry, Mis- 
souri, was born in 1861 in Greenwich, Connecticut, and has 
been in the coal business for twenty-five years. 

ALONZO E. FRAZER of the firm of Frazer & Hall of 
Savannah, Missouri, was born in 1862 at Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa, and has been in the coal business for the last two 
years. 

CLARENCE EVERETT FULTON, retail coal merchant of 
Malta Bend, Missouri, was born March 30, 1857, in Ohio, 
and has been in the coal business for sixteen years. 

EDWARD GANNON, retail coal merchant at Glasgow, 
Missouri, was born August 1, 1867, and has been in the 
coal business for seven years. He was formerly connected 
with the Consolidated Coal Co. of St. Louis. 

FRANK J. GITTINGS, coal merchant of Neosho, Missouri, 
was born March 11, 1875, in St. Paul, Kansas, and has been 
in the coal business for thirteen years. 

STILING PRICE GUTHRIE, General Manager Guthrie & 
Sons of Mexico, Missouri, was born November 24, 1863, in 
Mexico, and has been in the coal business for thirty years. 
The business was started by Joel Guthrie in 1875. 

WILLIAM H. HAAS, President Eagle Coal Co., Vandalia, 
Missouri, was born December 12, 1887, at St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, and has been in the coal business for four years. 

JAMES F. HAGGART, proprietor Haggart Ice & Fuel 
Co. at Joplin, Missouri, born March 7, 1866, at Madison, 
Indiana, and has been in the coal business for fourteen 
years. He has served as Vice President of Joplin Retail 
Coal Dealers Association. 

EDWARD C. HALL, Manager Aurora Coal Co., retailers at 
Aurora, Missouri, was born in Neosho, Missouri, November 
18, 1868, and has been in the coal business seventeen years. 
He is also interested in the T. A. Miller Lumber Co., with 
eight branch yards, all of which handle coal. 

WILLIAM HOUK, Treasurer Minden Coal Co., Joplin, 
Missouri, was born in Ohio, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness since 1914. 

CHARLES A. HOWELL, well known retail coal merchant 
at Springfield, Missouri, was born November 1, 1866, in Ray 
County, Missouri, and has been in the coal business for 
sixteen years. Mr. Howell was President of the Springfield 
Retail Coal Dealers Association for two years and con- 
tinues to serve as one of the directors. 



192 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



0. S. HUBERT, General Manager of the Minden Coal Co., 
Hinden Mines, Missouri, was born March 3, 1877, in France, 
and has been engaged in coal mining fourteen years and 
In operating coal mines for fifteen years. Mr. Hubert is 
also President and Manager of the Cherokee-Girard Coal 
Co. and the O. S. Hubert Coal Co. 

FRANK I,. JAMISON, retail coal merchant of Shelby- 
ville. Missouri, was born February 8, 1863, in Kails County, 
Missouri, and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

THOMAS H. JAHHAV, retail coal merchant at Bolivar, 
Missouri, was born in Osage County, Missouri, February 19, 
1862, and has been in the coal business seventeen years, all 
the time in Bolivar. Mr. Jarman was the first retailer to 
introduce Arkansas semi-anthracite and Illinois bituminous 
coal In his home city. 

WILLIAM N. JENNINGS, Manager Central Coal & Sup- 
ply Co. of Moberly, Missouri, was born August 28, 1892, in 
Moberly, and has been in the coal business for eight years. 
This company wholesales coal and building material and 
sells the output of several small mines at Huntsville, Mis- 
souri. Mr. Jennings was formerly a salesman for the North- 
ern Central Coal Co., The Monon Coal Co., and the Coal 
Hill Coal Co. 

CHARLES V. JOHNSON of the W. E. Johnson Coal Co., 
Joplin, Missouri, was born April 8, 1877, and is associated 
in business with his father. 

W. E. JOHNSON of the W. E. Johnson Coal Co., Joplin, 
Missouri, was born July 31, 1845, in Jasper County, Mis- 
souri, and has been in the coal business for twenty-five 
years. 

J. GARNET JOLLY, Manager Sedalia Trading Co., Se- 
dalia, Missouri, was born January 26, 1886, in Sedalia. 

FLOYD D. JONES, Manager F. D. Jones & Co. of Mar- 
shall, Missouri, was born February 3, 1888, at Malta Bend, 
Missouri, and has been in the coal business for three 
years. He is interested in a yard at Independence, Missouri. 

ERNEST LINWOOD JORDAN, President River Side Coal 
& Mining Co., Camden, Missouri, was born near Camden, 
March 17, 1872, and has been in the coal business three years. 

CHARLES R. KELLY, General Sales Agent Northern Cen- 
tral Coal Co., Moberly, Missouri, was born September 4, 
1891, at Milan, Missouri, and has been in the coal business 
for six years. 

1. C. KNOTTS, Manager Central Coal & Coke Co. of St. 
Joseph, Missouri, was born March 15, 1865, in Knottsville, 
West Virginia, and has been in the coal business twenty- 
eight years. Mr. Knotts is well known to the coal trade 
of the Southwest and has many warm friends. He was 
recently elected President of the Missouri Retail Coal Mer- 
chants Association. 

L. G. KRUEL, retail coal merchant of Washington, Mis- 
souri, was born October 16, 1873, and has been in the coal 
business eighteen years. Mr. Kruel owns and operates 
a general merchandise store, retail coal business, and is 
Cashier of the Franklin County Bank. 

FRANCIS ASHBY WAKE LEWIN, Superintendent North 
Breese Coal & Mining Co. of Breese, Illinois, who lives 
at 436 Park Ave., Webster Grove, Missouri, was born in 
1873 in England, and has been in the coal business for 
twelve years. He has held the position of electrician and 
superintendent In several large Illinois coal mining com- 
panies. 

C. E. LINGSWEILER, Buyer J. G. Lingsweiler Lumber 
Co. of Lebanon, Missouri, was born in Lebanon in 1872. 
He is associated with his brother, A. S. Lingsweiler, suc- 
ceeding their father in business. 

ROLLA V. MARTIN, Manager C. C. Martin & Son, Excel- 
sior Springs, Missouri, was born February 10, 1882, in Ex- 
celsior Springs and has been in the coal business for eight 
years. 

O. J. MAYBERRY, Manager Mayberry, Byington & Tul- 
lock at Farmington, Missouri, was born in 1854 in Cum- 
berland County, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal 
business for eight years. 

ARTHUR FREDERIC m . I ill i ■: M I .. Division Sales Agent 
of the Pittsburgh & Midway Coal Mining Co. of Joplin, 
Missouri, was born November 15, 1888, at Peru, Illinois, and 
has been in the coal business for fifteen years. He was 
formerly connected with the Fidelity Coal Mining Co. 

EDWARD J. McGREW, President McGrew Coal Co. of 
Lexington, Missouri, a well known Missouri coal operator, 
was born April 23. 1872, at Lexington, and has been in 
the coal business for over thirty years. Mr. McGrew has 
served as a Director of the Southwestern Coal Operators 
Association. 



ARCH F. MEYER, proprietor Arch F. Meyer Fuel & 
Feed Co., Hannibal, Missouri, was born September 8, 1878, 
at Hannibal, Missouri, and has been in the coal business for 
two years. 

WILLIAM E. MOORE, coal merchant of Independence, 
Missouri, was born in Independence March 17, 1877, and has 
been In the coal business for twelve years. 

J. I*. MORGAN, retail coal merchant at Duenweg, Mis- 
souri, was born December 24, 1858, in Clay County, Illinois, 
and has been in the coal business about twelve years. 

WALTER T. OLDEHWORTH, General Manager Clayton 
Supply Co., Clayton, Missouri, was born in Clayton December 
14, 1873, and has been in the coal business twenty-four 
years. He is also interested in Clayton real estate and St. 
Louis County farm lands, and active in church work. He 
was formerly with J. G. Weber Co., Beckmann Bros., and 
St. Louis County Supply Co. 

CHARLES H. PAYSON, retail coal merchant of Macon, 
Missouri, was born January 4, 1875, in Macon, and has been 
in the coal business for sixteen years. 

ISADORE PICKERING, President Pickering Coal Co. of 
Richmond, Missouri, who operates six mines in Missouri, 
was born in 1862 at Kingston, Pennsylvania, and has been 
in the coal business since May 5, 1889. 

JOHN REESE, Manager Crescent Coal Co., Browington, 
Missouri, was born in Ohio in 1876, and has passed his life 
about the mines. 

P. H. RUTHERFORD, General Manager P. H. & J. T. 
Rutherford, Hannibal, Missouri, was born January 3, 1869, 
in Marion County, Iowa, and has been in the coal business 
sixteen years. 

EDWARD SIMPSON, JR., Foreman Central Coal & Coke 
Co., Bevier, Missouri, was born in England October 24, 1873, 
and has been in the mining end of the coal business thirty- 
one years. He was formerly with the North Western Coal & 
Mining Co. 

JAMES CLINTON SPAHR, retail coal merchant of Skid- 
more, Missouri, was born September 19, 1858, in Xenia, Ohio, 
and has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 

J. G. STARR, President Minden Coal Co., Joplin, Mis- 
souri, was born in Illinois, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for two years. 

E. B. STOCKTON of the firm of Stockton & Lampkin of 
Warrensburg, Missouri, was born March 6, 1869, in Warrens- 
burg, and has been in the coal business fifteen years. The 
present firm was formed in 1907. Associated with Mr. 
Stockton are J. H. Lampkin and G. M. Boyd, who also oper- 
ate the Boyd Coal Co., mining coal and operating a steam 
shovel. All their coal is sold for local use. 

WALTER A. STORRS, President and Treasurer Storrs 
Ice & Coal Co. of Hannibal, Missouri, was born December 
3, 1874, in Hannibal, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-three years. This business was established by 
George W. Storrs, father of Walter A. Storrs, in partnership 
with James P. Hinton in 1871 and in 1910 the Storrs took 
over the Hinton interest. The firm does a large retail 
coal and ice business. 

ERNEST A. STORY, Owner and Manager E. A. Story Coal 
Co., Charleston. Missouri, was born in Charleston July 27, 
1891, and has been three years in the retail coal business. 

MICHAEL w. SUMMERS of Alma, Missouri, was born in 
1846 in Ireland, and has been in the coal business for fifty- 
five years. Mr. Summers came to Missouri from Pennsyl- 
vania in 1867. 

J. S. THOMAS, retail coal merchant of Pleasant Hill, 
Missouri, was born October 13, 1859, at Syracuse, Indiana, 
and has been in the coal business for over twenty-three 
years. 

JAMES R. TUCKER, retail coal merchant at Fulton, Mis- 
souri, was horn in November, 1873, in Fulton, and has been 
in the coal business for the last ten years. 

JOHN J. WARD, Superintendent Kansas City-Midland 
Coal & Mining Co. of Novinger, Missouri, was born in 
1862 in Mendota, Missouri, and has been In the coal busi- 
ness for thirty-five years. He was formerly connected with 
the Mendota Committee and has served on the scale com- 
mittees of the Southwestern Interstate Coal Operators 
Association. 

THOMAS WEDGE, Superintendent McGrew Coal Co. of 
Lexington, Missouri, was born July 31, 1872, In England, 
and has been In the coal business for thirty-two years, 
sixteen of which have been with this present firm. 



193 



MONTANA 



IYT 



'EASURED by the records of many of the states 
east of the Mississippi river the commercial 
development of the coal resources of Montana 
is still very much in the infant stage, but this junior- 
ship is of typical lusty western character and has al- 
ready attained a production close to 4,000,000 tons per 
annum, while the extent of the coal measures in the 
state has attracted wide attention from government geo- 
logical experts and the output is rapidly growing in 
practical economic importance. Although limited in its 
area of distribution, both because of transportation con- 
ditions and freight rates and the competition of coals 
from other fields in the states to the east, demand within 
its own borders and from the railroads absorbs the 
greater percentage of the output. 

In character the Montana coal fields range from bitu- 
minous through sub-bituminous to lignite and are esti- 
mated to underlie 34,000 square miles of territory to 
a depth of two feet and more within the state. The 
largest field of sub-bituminous and lignitic formation 
is in the eastern part of the state and includes most of 
Rosebud, Custer, Dawson and Valley counties. The 
sub-bituminous coal is classified by the United States 
Geological Survey as "low grade" and finds its principal 
market locally in the vicinity of Miles City and Glen- 
dive. The eastern section of the lignite area lying in 
Dawson county — known as the Sentinel Butte field of 
North Dakota and Montana — is part of the Fort Union 
region which covers a considerable area in northern 
Wyoming, eastern Montana, western Xorth Dakota and 
northwestern South Dakota. Mining on a commercial 
scale has been developed at Glendive, 25 miles to the 
west of the Sentinel Butte field, but although operations 
in the region just named were carried on by the North- 
ern Pacific Railway in the early '80s, these have long 
since been abandoned and at present the production is 
of purely local character. 

The Bull Mountain field, which the United States 
Geological Survey believes is destined to take the lead 
among producing areas in the state, was the subject of 
geological attention as early as 1881. That part of the 
field of commercial importance, the eastern, lies south 
of the Musselshell river, between Roundup and Mus- 
selshell, extending southward for a distance of 25 miles 
and estimated to contain between 500 and 600 square 



miles of coal lands. As many as 14 distinct beds have 
been chartered in the Bull Mountains. Some of the 
measures are from three to five feet thick and one, ap- 
propriately known as the "Mammoth Seam," is from 
eight to 15 feet in thickness. 

For the present, however, the Red Lodge field, located 
in Yellowstone county in the vicinity of Red Lodge and 
Bear Creek, is of the greatest commercial importance. 
The coal here is "sub-bituminous in character, but so 
near the dividing line between sub-bituminous and bitu- 
minous that it is rather difficult to classify." The beds 
in this field, of which seven are known to exist, range 
from three feet to 12 feet in thickness and cover an 
area of approximately 32 square miles. "It is about 
the same quality as the coal of the Bull Mountain field 
and both are classed as high grade sub-bituminous 
coals." 

The Great Falls field, which enjoys a large share of 
the copper smelting business at Anaconda and Great 
Falls, is in Cascade county and is the scene of heavy 
operations. Mines located at Sand Coulee, Stockett and 
Belt produce a considerable percentage of the output of 
the state. Geologically speaking these coal measures 
extending to the eastward nearly across Fergus county 
and southwcstward for a number of miles up Hound 
Creek, are. with one exception, the oldest in the state. 
The principal commercial development, however, is in 
Cascade countv, Lewiston furnishing the leading con- 
sinning market for the Fergus county coal. 

Of minor importance are the Bridger field of bitu- 
minous coal in Carbon county to the east of the Red 
Lodge sub-bituminous area, the sub-bituminous district 
along the Milk river in the northwestern part of the 
state in Chouteau county and the Trail Creek and Elec- 
tric fields. 

The first government record of production in Mon- 
tana was in 1880, when an output of 224 tons was re- 
ported. Developments for the next few years were ir- 
regular, jumping from 19.795 tons in 1883 to 80,376 
tons in 1884, increasing to 86,440 tons in 1885 and 
dropping to 49,846 tons the following year and to 10,202 
tons in 1887. In 1888 production rose to 41.467 tons 
and in 1889 had increased to 363,301 tons. Production 
for the succeeding years was 517.477, 541,861. 802,309, 
and 927.395 tons respectively. In 1895 the 1,000,000.- 



194 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



ton murk was passed with an output of 1,504,193 tons. 
Production statistics since that date are as follows: 



Year. Ton. 

1896 1,543,445 

1897 1,647,882 

1898 1,479,803 

1899 1,496.451 

1900 1,661,775 

1901 1,396,081 

1902 1,560,823 

1903 1,488,810 

1904 1,358,919 

1905 1,643,832 

1906 1,829,921 



Year. Ton. 

1907 2,016,857 

1908 1,920,190 

1909 2,553,940 

1910 2,920,970 

1911 2,976,358 

1912 3,048,495 

1913 3,240,973 

1914 2,805,173 

1915 2,789,755 

1916 3,632,527 



I "ruler normal conditions little of the Montana pro- 
duction has been able to enter markets outside of the 
state. In 1915, for example, 1,638,750 tons, or approxi- 
mately 59 per cent., was consumed in Montana. Of this 
tonnage 122,592 tons were hurried at the mines for 
steam and heat. 105,924 tons were sold locally, and 
1,410,234 tons were shipped to various points within 
the state. The railroads purchased 1,050,319 tons, or 
approximately 38 per cent, of the output. The remain- 



ing three per cent., or 100,686 tons, was distributed as 
follows: Idaho, 9.311 tons; North Dakota. I l.M 1 : 
South Dakota, 25,702 ; and Washington, 20,859. 

From the point of view of per capita bituminous con- 
sumption Montana, with 4.76 tons, ranks third in the 
list of states, being exceeded only by Illinois and Dela- 
ware. Although its anthracite consumption is very 
small. .01 ton, the heavy bituminous consumption en- 
ables it to maintain a high place in the total per capita 
consumption. The showing with respect to square mile 
consumption, however, is naturally far below the coun- 
try-wide average, being 15 tons against 123 tons. In 
1915, Montana drew over 72 per cent, of its coal re- 
quirements from its own mines. The total consumption 
for the state, including 5,000 tons of Pennsylvania an- 
thracite, was 2,258,711 tons. As shown in the preced- 
ing paragraph, 1,638,750 tons of this amount were of 
Montana origin. Wyoming came second, contributing 
."94,602 tons; Utah third, with 17,301 tons; eastern 
dock coal receipts totaled 3,000 tons, while an all-rail 
movement of 58 tons from Maryland, probably for 
smithing purposes, was also reported. 



195 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



MONTANA 



JOHN AUSTIN BLESSING, coal jobber, Great Falls, Mon- 
tana, was born August 6, 1887, in White Sulphur Springs, 
Montana, and has been in the coal business six years. Mr. 
Blessing was previously connected with the Sandcoulee Coal 
Co., Monarch Coal Mining Co., Consolidated Coal Co., and 
the National Fuel Co. He has been engaged in business 
for himself since February 9, 1918. 

JAMES BRODIE, Manager James Brodie & Son, coal op- 
erators of Belt, Montana, was born August 16, 1860, in 
England, and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

H. EARL CLACK, President H. Earl Clack Co., retail coal 
merchants of Havre, Montana, was born in Texas and has 
been in the coal business for about ten years. He is also 
interested in the Northern Transfer & Storage Co., operat- 
ing a coal mine at Havre. 

THOS. P. CLUNOW, Secretary, Treasurer and General 
Manager of the National Fuel Co. of Billings, Montana, was 
formerly connected with the Great Northern Railway for 
ten years. 

JAMES P. DANSON, President Consolidated Coal Co., 
Great Falls, Montana, was born July 4, 1876, in England. 
Mr. Danson has been connected with the Interstate Coal 
& Coke Co., C. M. Moderwell & Co., and Nelson Coal Co., 
and Western Representative of Geo. G. Pope & Co. of Chi- 
cago for several years. 

J. R. ECK, Superintendent Perry-Eck Fuel & Mortar Co., 
Missoula, Montana, was born September 7, 1887, at St. Paul, 
Indiana, and has been in the coal business about three 
years. Before entering his present company Mr. Eck was in 
the construction business for twelve years. 

CHAS. O. FISHER, Manager Fisher Coal & Ice Co., Ger- 
aldine, Montana, was born February 26, 1885, at Somerset, 
Ohio, and has been in the coal business for three years. 

PHIL GRENI, President Crystal Ice & Fuel Co., Billings, 
Montana, was born July 22, 1863, in Germany, and has been 
in the coal business for eight years. 

HENRY H. GRIFFITH, retail coal merchant of Butte, 
Montana, was born in Iowa, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for seventeen years. Mr. Griffith is also interested 
in the Owl Creek Coal Co. of Gebo, Wyoming. 

FRANK F. HAYES, President and Manager Western Fuel 
Co., Butte, Montana, was born in 1874 at Alpena, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business five years. 

FRED T. HIOTTE, President Pioneer Fuel Co., Butte, 
Montana, was born February 12, 1884, at Chippewa Falls, 
Wisconsin, and has been in the coal business for eighteen 
years. Prior to his present position he was with the Ohio 
Coal Co., Chequamegon Ice Co., and George W. Miars of 
Ashland, Wisconsin. 

R. J. JOHANNES, President National Fuel Co., Helena, 
Montana, was born June 17, 1870, at Humboldt, Michigan, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty years. Mr. 
Johannes has been President of the Helena Retail Coal Deal- 
ers Association. 

W. E. MARTIN, Manager Glendive Transfer Co., retailers 
of coal at Glendive, Montana, was born November 20, 1870, 
at St. Louis, Michigan, and has handled coal for the past 
three years. 



ROBERT A. KELLY, Manager Washoe Coal Co., Ana- 
conda, Montana, was born in 1882 at St. Martins, Ohio, and 
has been in the coal business for the past year. His part- 
ner, W. H. Fuchscherer, a native of Menasha, Wisconsin, 
has lived in Anaconda, Montana, for sixteen years, and ia 
interested in the Anaconda Brewing Co., Anaconda Ice Co., 
Kentucky Liquor Co., and Washoe Coal Co. He enlisted and 
left for Camp Lewis, Washington, March 29, 1918. 

CHARLES H. LANE, Manager of National Fuel Co. at 
Butte, Montana, was born May 13, 1854, at Natick, Massa- 
chusetts, and has been in the coal business for twenty 
years. Mr. Lane was previously connected with the West- 
ern Fuel Co., Harris & Lane Co., and the Wyoming Coal 
Mining Co. He was also Mayor of Butte from 1915 to 1917. 

L. M. MCALLISTER, proprietor Black Coal & Transfe! 
Co., Great Falls, Montana, was born December 21, 1867, at 
Logansport, Indiana, and has been in the coal business for 
the past two years. Previous to going into business for 
himself Mr. McAllister was for fifteen years Superintendent 
of the Great Falls Street Railway. 

GEORGE L. ONSTAD, retail coal merchant of Westby, 
Montana, was born July 6, 1872, at Red Wing, Minnesota, 
and has been in the coal business for ten years. 

JOHN PEARSON, Superintendent Cottonwood Coal Co., 
coal operators at Stockett, Montana, was born in 1868 at 
Braidwood, Illinois, and has been in the coal business for 
thirty years. Previous to going with this present com- 
pany Mr. Pearson was with the Carbon Coal Co., Big Sandy 
Coal Co., and for seven years retailed coal at Great Falls, 
Montana. 

CHESTER C. PERRY, Manager Perry-Eck Fuel & Mortar 
Co., formerly the O. W. Perry Co.. Missoula, Montana, was 
born September 19, 1880, in Kansas, and has been in the 
coal business for eight years. 

GEORGE M. PIERCE, one of the proprietors and opera- 
tors of the Peerless coal mine at Plentywood, Montana, was 
born February 8, 1863, in Dubuque, Iowa, and has been in 
the coal business ten years. 

FRANK ERWIN SMITH, Manager Hoffman Coal Co., retail 
coal merchants of Helena, Montana, was born in New 
York, and has been in the coal business eleven years. Mr. 
Smith was formerly connected with the Trail Creek Coal 
& Land Co. 

W. CARTER SNELL, proprietor Snell Bros., retail coal 
merchants of Miles City, Montana, was born in Miles City in 
July, 1884, and has been in the coal business for nine years. 
Previous to forming his present company Mr. Snell was 
Manager of the Peoples Coal Co. 

FRED H. STLRM, member of the firm of Sturm & Yaw, 
wholesalers of coal at Great Falls, Montana, was born 
October 14, 1885, at Shannon, Illinois, and has been in the 
coal business for twelve years. Mr. Sturm is also Vice 
President of the Carbon Coal & Coke Co. of Sandcoulee. 
Montana, and Secretary-Treasurer of the Cascade County 
Coal Operators' Association. Previous to going into busi- 
ness for himself Mr. Sturm was Sales Agent for The Sheri- 
dan Coal Co., Roundup Coal Mining Co., and the Bear Creek 
Coal Co. 

R. L. WHEELER, one of the proprietors and operators of 
the Peerless coal mine at Plentywood, Montana, was born 
May 6, 1882, in Tipton, Indiana, and has been in the coal 
business seven years. 



196 



NEBRASKA 



ALTHOUGH portions of the western interior coal 
field (Missouri, Kansas and Iowa) underlie the 
southeastern section of Nebraska, the existence 
of workable beds in this area is still a matter of specu- 
lation, so that it is solely as a coal consumer that this 
state at present holds the attention of the commercial 
side of the industry. Like Iowa and Minnesota it has 
been one of the battle fields in the market competition 
between coals mined east of the Indiana-Ohio state line 
and those produced in Illinois and Indiana. It has also 
been one of the meeting places for coals mined east and 
coals mined west of the Mississippi river. Under nor- 
mal conditions its principal market, Omaha, had the 
reputation of handling coals from more different mining 
fields than any other city in the United States. From 
the East it was drawing anthracite, smokeless, splints, 
smithing and Kentucky gas and general bituminous 
coals, Illinois was shipping from several fields, but more 
particularly the southern; Indiana sent some coal; Ar- 
kansas offered its smokeless and semi-anthracites; Col- 
orado its anthracite and bituminous coal; Iowa, Kan- 



sas and Missouri the coals from the western interioi 
field and Wyoming its product. 

Exclusive of 527,300 tons of Pennsylvania anthra- 
cite and approximately 100,000 tons of various kinds of 
coal moving from off of the docks the total consumption 
of the state in 1915 was 3,088,180 tons. The sources 
of supply and the tonnages received from each coal- 
producing state were as follows: xVrkansas, 120,376 
tons; Colorado, 422,320; Illinois, 938,905; Indiana, 
2,833; Iowa, 143,108; Kansas, 774,937; Kentucky, 
92,091; Missouri, 203,337; New Mexico, 339; Pennsyl- 
vania bituminous, 24,963 ; West Virginia, 1,553 ; Wyo- 
ming, 363,418 tons. 

The per capita consumption for the state, 2.95 tons 
in 1915, is slightly over the average for the country as 
a whole. The bituminous coal figure of 2.53 tons is .49 
ton greater while the anthracite falls .36 ton short of 
attaining the national average of .78 ton. Due largely 
to the high percentage of land devoted to farming and 
general agricultural purposes, the square mile consump- 
tion during that year was only 48 tons. 



197 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





WILLIAM R. BROOKS, Lincoln, Nebraska, 

President of W. R. Brooks Coal Co. of Lincoln, Nebraska, 
was born at York, Nebraska, December 16, 1876, and has 
been in the coal business for fifteen years. Mr. Brooks was 
formerly connected with the Consolidated Fuel Co. of Fre- 
mont, Nebraska. 



HERBERT T. FOLSOM, Lincoln. Nebraska, 

Secretary and Treasurer of the Union Coal Co. of Lincoln, 
Nebraska, was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1870 and 
has been in the coal business almost a quarter of a century. 
Mr. Folsom is the only active man in the company and is 
also a Director of the North Western Traffic and Service 
Bureau and has always taken an active interest in move- 
ments for the betterment of trade conditions. 





SAMl'El 8. SEELY, Lincoln, Nebraska, 

President and Manager of the Consumers Coal Co., engaged 
in the retail coal business at Lincoln, Nebraska, was born at 
Bennett, Nebraska, February 22, 1879, and has been in the 
coal business for sixteen years. Mr. Seeley was associated 
with J. M. Clarke in the City Fuel Co. before organizing this 
present company. Previous to that time he was connected 
with Schaupp & Hurd, Charles B. Gregory, and Marsh-Burke 
Co. 



SETH SERAT SWIFT, Lincoln, Nebraska, 

Vice President of the National Supply Co., Inc., doing a 
jobbing business at Lincoln, Nebraska, was born at Addi- 
son, New York, February 1, 1881, and has been in the coal 
business for fifteen years. He counts among his customers 
many of the leading retailers in Nebraska and Iowa. 






198 






COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





G. W. M I i.l \ I II. Omaha, Nebranka, 
President of the Sheridan Coal Co., one of the largest pro- 
ducing companies in the West> was born in Londen County, 
Virginia, June 1. 1857, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for thirty-one years. Mr. Megeath is also interested 
in the Roundup Coal Mining Co. and was formerly con- 
nected with C. B. Havens & Co , I'nion Pacific Coal Co., and 
the Central Coal & Coke Co. He is prominent in the trade 
and widely known. 



FORREST RICHARDSON, Omaha, Neliruxku. 

General Sales Managtr of the Sheridan Coal Co., with head- 
quarters at Omaha. Nebraska, was born in Charlestown. 
West Virginia, April 29, 1869, and has been in the coal 
business twenty-eight years. Mr. Richardson was for- 
merly connected with C. B. Havens & Co and the Central 
Coal & Coke Co. and is at present interested in the Roundup 
Coal Mining Co. 








10. II. < AHKHiW, Omaha. Vel.raxkii 
Late President of the E. B. Carrlgan Co., of Omaha. Ne- 
braska, was born in New York, September 1, 1866, and had 
been in the coal business almost a uuarter of a century at 
the time of his d:>ath in 1917. Mr. Carrlgan was formerly 
connected with the Central Coal & Coke Co of Kansas City, 
Missouri. 



AR'I'III It IIISSKI.I, CI HUH'.. Omaha, >eliraKka, 

Proprietor of the A. B. Currle Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, was 

born at Denver, Colorado, September 4, 1876. and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-live years Mr. Currie was 
formerly connected with the Binfnrd Toil < !o, and Colorado 
Coal & Coke Co. of Pueblo, Colorado, Grand Junction Min- 
ing & Fuel Co., Orand Junction, Colorado, Glen Rock Coal 
Co., Glen llock. Wyoming, and Fidelity Coil Mining Co. of 
Kansas City, Missouri. He is also a member of various 
prominent clubs of Omaha, as well as several fraternal 
orders, being a pioneer member of the Pueblo, Colorado, 

Lodge of Bilks and several Utaaonle bodiee. 



199 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 








GEORGE W. GARDNER, Omaha, Nebraska, 

Vice President and Manager of the Carbon Coal & Supply 
Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, was born at West Unity, Ohio, In 
1876, and has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 
Mr. Gardner was formerly connected with C. B. Havens & 
Co. of Omaha and Breese-Trenton Mining Co. of St. Louis, 
Missouri, and was active in the Order KoKoal. He is one 
of the most popular coalmen in the Missouri River territory. 



FREDERICK S. MARTIN, Omaha, Nebraska, 

President and Manager of F. S. Martin & Co., doing a 
wholesale coal business in Omaha, also Vice President and 
Treasurer of the Peoples Coal Co., a retail firm in Omaha, 
was born in Danville, Illinois, January 30, 1877, and en- 
tered the coal business as Omaha representative of the 
Manufacturers Coal & Coke Co. of Chicago in April, 1904. 



200 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



NEBRASKA — Lincoln 



JESSE M. CLARK. Secretary and Treasurer of the Con- 
sumers Coal Co. of Lincoln, Nebraska, was born at Waverly, 
Iowa, December 12, 1885, and has been In the coal business 
for ten years. He was formerly connected with the City 
Fuel Co. and the Gregory Coal Co. of Lincoln. 

LANDY CI. ARK, President Landy Clark Co., Lincoln, 
Nebraska, was born at Marion, Ohio, in 1864, and has been 
in the ooa] business twenty-four years. Mr. Clark is Presi- 
dent of the Clark Lumber Co. and the Gerlng Lumber Co. 

MARION TAYLOR CUMMINGS, President of the M. T. 
Cummings Coal Co. of Lincoln, Nebraska, was born in Van 
Buren County, Iowa, June 21, 1862, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-two years. Mr. Cummings has been 
connected with A. J. Griffin of Lawrence, Kansas, and 
Cummings & Laughlin and Cummings & Pease of Beatrice, 
Nebraska. 

JOSEPH HOMER DEADMAN, Secretary of the National 
Supply Co. of Lincoln, Nebraska, was born in Mahomet, 
Illinois, April 30, 1881, and has been in the coal business 
for eight years. 

JOHN T. DORGAN, President of the Whitebreast Coal & 
Lumber Co. of Lincoln, Nerbaska, a native of Taunton, 
Massachusetts, was born June 16, 1866, and has been in the 
coal business for thirty-two years. 

\\ II. 1. 1 AM D. EASLEY, Manager of the Easley-Graham 
Co. of Lincoln, Nebraska, was born in Halifax County, Vir- 
ginia, and has been in the coal business for ten years. 

SAMUEL A. FOSTER, President of the S. A. Foster Lum- 
ber Co. of Lincoln, Nebraska, was born at Leavenworth, 
Kansas, September 18, 1858, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness almost forty years. Mr. Foster was formerly con- 
nected with Foster & Smith Lumber Co. 

EDWARD V. GIRSLER, proprietor of the Giesler Coal Co., 
doing a retail business at Lincoln, Nebraska, was born at 
Lincoln, March 23, 1878, and has been in the coal business 
for sixteen years. He was with the Whitebreast Coal & 
Lumber Co. for eight years prior to forming this company. 

JOSEPH F. HUTCHINS, President of the Hutchlns & 
Hyatt Co. of Lincoln, Nebraska, was born at Lowell, Massa- 
chusetts, September 25, 1853, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness at the same location since 1876. 

J. H. JOHNSON, Manager of the Western Brick & Supply 
Co., doing a retail coal business at Lincoln, Nebraska, is a 
native of Nebraska, born June 15, 1887, and has been ip 
the coal business for ten years. 

W. L. MeCLAY, member of the Hutchins & Hyatt Co., re- 
tailers at Lincoln, Nebraska, was born in Illinois in 1869, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty years. Mr. 
McClay was formerly connected with the Whitebreast Coal 
& Lumber Co. 

HAROLD BANCROFT MILES of Lincoln, Nebraska, was 
horn at Jerseyville, Illinois, June 15, 1879, and has been in 
the coal business for seventeen years. Mr. Miles is also 
'••tary and Treasurer of the Grand River Coal Co. of 
Cainesvlllo, Missouri, and was formerly connected with the 
Cambria Mining Co. of Cambria, Wyoming, and C. B. Ha- 
vens & Co. of Omaha, Nebraska. 

BBORCHB I. SMITH, Manager of the Smith-McCain Co., 
doing a retail coal business at Lincoln, Nebraska, was born 
at Moline, Illinois, December 4, 1857, and has been in the 
coal business for thirty years. Mr. Smith was formerly 
connected with A. H. Weir & Co. of Lincoln. 

GEORGE W. VOSS, President and Treasurer of the Geo. 
W. Voss Co. of Lincoln, Nebraska, was born at State Center, 
Iowa, in 1874, and has been in the coal business for twenty 
years. Mr. Voss has other coal and lumber interests at 
Weeping Water, Nebraska. He was formerly connected 
with the Voss Lumber Co. of Belle Plain, Iowa. 

JOHN H. YOST, President and General Manager of the J. 
H. Yost Lumber Co., retail coal merchants at Lincoln, Ne- 
braska, was born July 20. 1859, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-seven years. Mr. Yost is also inter- 
ested in the Sutton Lumber Co., whicn, together with the 
J. H. Yost Lumber Co., operates a great many branches 
throughout Nebraska. 



NEBRASKA — Omaha 



WOOD ALLEN of the Allen & Reynolds Coal Co., whole- 
salers engaged in business at Omaha, Nebraska, was born 
at Leslie, Michigan, on November 13, 1870, and has been in 
the coal business almost thirty years. Mr. Allen was for- 
merly connected with the Nebraska Fuel Co. and was Plctor 
of the Omaha Breaker of the Order KoKoal. 



JOS. T. BEATTV, retailer engaged in the coal business at 
Omaha, Nebraska, was born in Ohio, July 11, 1846, and has 
been in business for himself for seventeen years. 

JEFF W. BEDFORD, President of Jeff W. Bedford Co., 
retailers at Omaha, Nebraska, was born at Lexington, Ne- 
braska, in 1845, and has been in the coal business for forty 
years. Mr. Bedford was formerly connected with the Rich 
Hill Coal Co., American Fuel Co., and Oak Block Coal Co., 
and has been in business at Omaha since 1881 and is a 
pioneer coal dealer of his city, 

ALBERT W. BOWER, President of the A. W. Bonner 
Coal & Ice Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, was born at Omaha, 
June 12, 1886, and has been in the coal business for twenty 
years. Mr. Bonner was formerly connected with the J. C. 
Kehoe Coal Co. and C. B. Havens Co. 

EDWARD P. BOYER, Manager of the Boyer-Van Kuran 
Lumber & Coal Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, was born at Omaha, 
December 10, 1879, and has been in the coal business for 
eleven years. 

FRANK A. BROADWELL, 4724 South 24th Street, Omaha, 
Nebraska, is President and Manager of the Broadwell- 
Roberts Co., and has been engaged in the coal business 
twenty-four years. He was formerly with the Sunderland 
Bros. Co.. at Omaha. He was born in Plattsburg, New York, 
July 3, 1859. 

MOSHIER G. COLPETZEB, President Chicago Lumber 
Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, was born in Omaha in 1877 and 
has been in the coal business twenty years, having built up 
a large organization with many branches. 

GILBERT S. DONOHO, proprietor of the Donoho Coal Co., 
wholesalers at Omaha, Nebraska, was born at Troy, Illinois, 
November 17, 1876, and has been in the coal business for 
twelve years. He was formerly connected with the Donoho- 
Engler Coal Co. and Donoho & Son. 

FRANK W. ENGLER, Manager of the Engler Coal & 
Supply Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, was born at Omaha, Janu- 
ary 19, 1877, and has been in the coal business for eight 
years. Mr. Engler was formerly connected with the Donoho- 
Engler Coal Co. 

FRANK A. FITZGERALD, Division Manager of the Baum 
Coal Co. at Omaha, Nebraska, was born at Maysville, Ken- 
tucky, June 19, 1884, and has been in the coal business for 
twelve years. Mr. Fitzgerald, before his connection with this 
company, was with the McAlester Fuel Co. and the New 
River Consumers Coal Co. 

RAY C. GODDARD, President and General Manager of the 
Peoples Coal Co., well known retailers of Omaha, Nebraska, 
was born at East Dubuque, Illinois, June 19, 1884, and has 
been in the coal business for twelve years. Mr. Goddard 
was formerly connected with the Union Pacific Coal Co. 
and Central Coal & Coke Co. of Omaha. 

GEORGE E. HARDING, proprietor of G. E. Harding Coal 
Co., engaged in business at Omaha, Nebraska, was born in 
Iowa February 8, 1872, and has been in the coal business 
for himself three years. 

ANSON L. HAVENS, proprietor of the Havens Coal Co., 
retailers at Omaha, Nebraska, was born at North Amherst, 
Ohio, August 6, 1860, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-one years. He was formerly connected with the 
Tom Collins Havens Coal Co. and the Havens-White Coal 
Co. Mr. Havens was active in the Order KoKoal and is 
President of the Northwestern Traffic and Service Bureau. 

EDWARD E. HOWELL, proprietor of Edward E. Howell 
& Son, retailers at Omaha, Nebraska, was born in Canada 
August 4, 1860, and has been in the coal business almost 
forty years. This business was started in 1880 by S. J. 
Howell, his father, and taken over by him in 1892, and he 
is being assisted by S. J. Howell, Jr., his son. 

EDWARD H. HOWLAND, President of the E. H. Howland 
Lumber & Coal Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, was born at Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, on March 29, 1851, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty years. 

CHARLES WATSON HULL, President of the C. W. Hull 
Co., doing a wholesale coal business at Omaha, Nebraska, 
was born at Coldwater, Michigan, in 1864, and has been in 
the coal business for thirty years. 

FRANK A. MANLEY, Vice President and General Manager 
of the Union Pacific Coal Co. at Omaha, Nebraska, was born 
at La Rue, Ohio, March 13, 1867. and has been in the coal 
business for thirty years. Mr. Manley is also Interested in 
the Porter Fuel Co. of Colorado as Vice President and was 
formerly connected with the Kemmerer Coal Co. of Wyom- 
ing. 

WINDSOR F. MEGBATH, Vice President and Secretary 
of the Sheridan Coal Co., wholesalers at Omaha, Nebraska, 
is a native of Omaha, and has been in the coal business for 
seven years. 



201 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



LOUIS NELSON of the Allen & Reynolds Coal Co. of Oma- 
ha, Nebraska, was born at Marshalltown, Iowa, November 
16, 1878, and has been in the coal business for fifteen years. 
Mr. Nelson was formerly connected with C. B. Havens & 
Co. and Bnnm Coal Co. of Omaha. 

G. LYNN PARSONS, President of the Central Coal & Coke 
Co., large wholesale concern at Omaha, Nebraska, was born 
at Kansas City, Missouri, August 17, 1883, and has been in 
the coal business for fifteen years. Mr. Parsons has been 
with this company since its inception. 

RONALD L. PATERSON, President of the Nebraska Fuel 
Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, is a native of Omaha, born April 
12, 1885, and has been in the coal business lor twelve years. 
Mr. Paterson is also President of the Elk Creek Mining Co. 
of Colorado. 

GEORGE W. PLATNER, proprietor of the Farmers Lum- 
ber Co. and Platner Lumber & Coal Co. of Omaha, Nebraska, 
was born at Glidden, Iowa, October 31, 1871, and has been 
in the coal business for six years, operating four yards in 
Omaha at present. 

LOUIS N. PLATNER, Manager of the Platner Lumber & 
Coal Co., doing a retail business at Omaha, Nebraska, was 
born at Glidden, Iowa, in 1880, and has been in the coal 
business for five years. 

ALFRED REDMON, senior member of Alfred Redmon Co., 
engaged in retail coal business at Omaha, Nebraska, was 
born at Cicero, Indiana, July 25, 1851, and has been in the 
coal business for thirty years. Mr. Redmon was formerly 
connected with the Moore Loring Co., Le Mars, Iowa, and A. 
Redmon Lumber Co., Moville, Iowa. 

CHARLES M. REYNOLDS, Vice President and Treasurer 
Nebraska Fuel Co., handling coal at wholesale and retail 
at Omaha. Nebraska, was born In North Platte, Nebraska, 
January 1, 1890, and has been in the coal business about 
a year. Mr. Reynolds has been in the banking business 
ten years and is President of the Maxwell State Bank of 
Maxwell, Nebraska. He is also Vice President of The Elk 
Creek Mining Co. of Pool, Colorado. 

SAMUEL W. REYNOLDS, partner in the Allen & Reynolds 
Coal Co., wholesalers at Omaha, Nebraska, was born at 
Omaha, August 11, 1890, and has been in the coal business 
for eight years. He was formerly connected with the Ne- 
braska Fuel Co. Mr. Reynolds is a famous golf player and 
Is at present in the service of his country. 

FRED J. SILVERS, Sales Agent of the McAlester Fuel Co., 
doing business at Omaha, Nebraska, was born at Ottumwa, 
Iowa, May 7, 1885, and has been in the coal business for 
six years. 

GEORGE M. WALLACE, Secretary of the Nebraska Fuel 
Co., selling coal at wholesale and retail at Omaha, Nebraska, 
was born at Omaha, March 12, 1887, and has been in the coal 
business for six years. Mr. Wallace was formerly connect- 
ed with the Coal Hill Coal Co. 

S. J. WELSH, President of Welsh Bros. Co., handling coal 
at wholesale at Omaha, Nebraska, was born at Youngstown, 
Ohio, December 8, 1877, and has been in the coal business 
almost twenty years. 

CHARLES A. WESTERFIELD, retailer doing business at 
Omaha, Nebraska, was born in Illinois in 1857. and has been 
In the coal business for fifteen years. Mr. Westerfleld was 
formerly connected with Constant & Squires. 

GEO. D. WILLIAMS, Assistant to General Sales Agent 
Sheridan Coal Co., Omaha, Nebraska, was born in Berlin, 
Wisconsin, November 12, 1877, and has been in the coal 
business twelve years. He was formerly connected with C. 
B. Havens & Co. 



NEBRASKA 



C. E. ALTER of Joe Alter & Son, retail coal merchants 
of Alma, Nebraska, was born October 14, 1882, in Burling- 
ton, Iowa, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
four years. 

GEO. ARNOLD, Manager of the retail coal business of 
Wm. Wieters, Harbine, Nebraska, was born February 18. 
1864, in Germany, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty years. 

SAMUEL D. AYRES, retail coal merchant of Central City, 
Nebraska, was born October 30, 1860, in Ohio, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-six years. Mr. Ayres also 
retails coal at Archer, Nebraska. 

'WILLIAM HENRY HARTEN, retail coal merchant of Gor- 
don, Nebraska, was born March 31. 1870, at North Boston, 
New York, and has been in the coal business for ten years. 
Mr. Barten is extensively interested in patents, which he is 
putting on the market from time to time. 



WILLIAM W. BIRGE, President W. W. Birge Co., retail- 
ers of coal at North Platte, Nebraska, was born in New 
York, and has been in the coal business for thirty-seven 
years in North Platte. Mr. Birge was formerly connected 
with Birge & Trees. 

CRESSIE J. 111. \ \< II Mil), Manager McGregor Bros. & 
Co., retailers of coal at Walthill, Nebraska, was born June 
17, 1880, in Golconda, Illinois, and has been in the coal 
business eight years. Mr. Blanchard has been unusually 
successful and built up a splendid reputation through unique 
advertising. He was Manager of McGregor Bros. & Co. at 
Winnebago, Nebraska, before being transferred to his pres- 
ent location. 

DAVID J. IIHAKEMAN, retail coal merchant of York. 
Nebraska, was born November 9, 1858, in Pennsylvania, and 
has been in the coal business for twenty-eight years. Pre- 
vious to going into business for himself, Mr. Brakeman was 
for eleven years with J. Morrison in York, the first coal 
man in the city. Mr. Brakeman came to York when only 
two small houses were there, though no one had ever lived 
in them, they having been built for pioneers of the county. 
The city is now one of the best in the state. 

EDWARD W. BRYANT, retail coal merchant of Tekamah, 
Nebraska, was born December 13, 1848, at Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, and has been in the coal business for thirty-three 
years. 

ARMSTRONG O. BURKET of the firm of Burket & Feld- 
kirchner, retailers of coal at Beatrice, Nebraska, was born 
December 23, 1863, at Dixon, Illinois, and has been in the 
coal business for six years. He was formerly Manager of 
A. O. Burket & Co. 

A. F. CAMERON, Sales Agent of the Aztec Coal Mining 
Co. of Hastings, Nebraska, was born October 9, 1884, at 
Mason City, Iowa, and has been in the coal business for 
eight years. Mr. Cameron was formerly connected with the 
Oakdale Coal Co. of Denver, Colorado, and the Southwestern 
Coal Co. of Amarillo, Texas. 

GEO. E. CHENEY, Secretary and General Manager John- 
son & Cheney, retail coal merchants of Fremont, Nebraska, 
was born August 31, 1887, at Griswold, Iowa, and has been 
in the coal business about six years. 

FRANK E. COE, retail coal merchant of Nebraska City, 
Nebraska, was born in 1860 in Nebraska City, and has been 
handling coal for fourteen years. 

W. S. COHNUTT, Manager L. F. Cornutt & Son, Nebraska 
City, Nebraska, was born February 27, 1862, in Nebraska 
City, and has been in the coal business for thirty-two years. 
The firm started in coal exclusively in 1879, but since 1884 
have been handling lumber and coal. 

L. L. CORYELL, JR., retail coal merchant of Auburn, Ne- 
braska, has been in the coal business for twelve years. 

JOHN A. CRAVEN, retail coal merchant of Exeter, Ne- 
braska, was born in 1854 in Cheshire County, England, and 
has been in the coal business for twenty-seven years. Mr. 
Craven is also interested in the Craven Lumber Co., Osceola, 
Nebraska. 

. J. H. DAVISON, proprietor J. H. Davison & Son, Ains- 
worth, Nebraska, was born June 30, 1860, in New Jersey, 
and has been in the coal business for thirty years. Mr. 
Davison was formerly connected with Davison & Harrie. 

FRED DE LA MATYR, retail coal merchant of Fremont. 
Nebraska, was born December 18, 1853, at Middleton, Wis- 
consin, and has been in the coal business for thirty-four 
years. 

JOHN A. DOIIIIS, proprietor John A. Dobbs Grain Co., re- 
tailers of coal at Beatrice, Nebraska, was born February 23, 
1863, in Beatrice, and uas been in the coal business for 
twenty years. Mr. Dobbs also retails coal at Virginia, Tate 
and Armour. Nebraska. 

JOHN DOLEKAL, retail coal merchant at Wahoo, Ne- 
braska, was born May 13, 1862, in Bohemia, and has been 
in the coal business for eleven years. 

WILLIAM O. EICHELBERGER, Manager Eichelberger 
Lumber Co., Tilden and Norfolk, Nebraska retail coal mer- 
chants, was born March 7, 1880, at Western Star, Ohio, and 
has been in the coal business fourteen years. 

E. FELDKIRCHNER of the firm of Burket & Feldkirch- 
ner. who conduct coal and wood yards at Beatrice, Nebraska, 
was born in 1860 in Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal 
business six years. He was with A. O. Burket & Co. before 
forming his present connection. 

LOUIE GRAFF, retail coal merchant of Beatrice, Ne- 
braska, was born March 3. 1862, in Beatrice, and has been 
handling coal for twenty-eight years. 

HARRY E. HARDY, retail coal merchant of Norfolk, Ne- 
braska, was born February 2, 1861, at Decatur, Illinois, and 
has been in the coal business for thirty-five years. He is 
one of the progressive retailers in his section. 



202 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



.|\<IKS II. Ill Itsil, Manager Bossemeyer Bros., retailers 
of coal at Superior. Nebraska, was born July 23, 1861, at 
Newville. Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty years. Mr. Hursh was previously connected 
with Thos. Cochrane. 

NEI.s MARTIN Johnson. President and Treasurer John- 
son A Cheney, retailers of coal at Fremont. Nebraska, was 
born March 9, 1873, in Sweden, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twelve years. 

O. A. JOHNSON. Manager Johnson, Evers & Co., retail 
coal merchants of Laurel. Nebraska, was horn August 14, 
1877. at St. Paul. Minnesota, and has been In the coal busi- 
ness for nine years. 

A. K. I.f— M , retail coal merchant of Hartington, 
Nebraska, was born June 23, 1870, at St. Helena, Nebraska, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty years. 

Mil. Ill l< G. LIGGETT, Manager Liggett Lumber & Coal 
Co.. retail coal merchants of York, Nebraska, was born De- 
cember 14, 1880, in Fremont County, Iowa. The business 
was established in 1886 at Riverton, Iowa, by Manley Lig- 
gett, and carried on under that name. In 1891 the business 
was started under the name of M. Liggett & Son at Ham- 
burg, Iowa, until 1909. and since then it has been run very 
Buccessfully at York, Nebraska, as Liggett Lumber & Coal 
Co. 

LOT IS B. MA.NN, retail coal merchant of Creighton, Ne- 
braska, was born May 4,, 1870, at Walcott, Iowa, and has 
been in the coal business for seventeen years. Previous to 
entering business for himself Mr. Mann was connected with 
the Peavey Elevator Co. 

IRVING ILAVTON MAl'ST, retail coal merchant of Falls 
City, Nebraska, was born May 15, 1868, in Pennsylvania, and 
has been in the coal business for twenty-seven years. I. C. 
Maust is the successor of Maust & Son. 

(1.AREXCE J. MILES, Hastings. Nebraska. President of 
the Grand River Coal Co., Cainsville, Missouri, was born 
May 25, 1866, in Jerseyville, Illinois, and has been in the 
coal business ten years. He also operates a line of grain 
elevators. Mr. Miles was formerly with the Cambria 
Mining Co. 

CHARLES E. MILKS. Manager Hays Lumber Co., retail- 
ers of coal at Crete, Nebraska, was born September 16. 1873, 
at Freeport. Illinois, and has been in the coal business for 
fourteen years. Mr. Milks was previously with the Brillard 
Lumber Co. of Palisade, Nebraska, for five years, and the 
Chicago Lumber Co. of Osceola, Nebraska, for seven years. 

H. MORGENSTERN, retail coal merchant of Auburn. Ne- 
braska, was born June 17. 1859. at Havana. Illinois, and has 
been in the lumber, coal, grain, stock and banking business 
twenty-eight years. He has been in every state and ter- 
ritory in the United States, around the world, from North 
to South America, and in the islands of the seas. 

.IIJIES B. NORTHCUTT.. retail coal merchant at Ne- 
braska City, Nebraska, was born January 11. 1832. at 
Millersburg, Kentucky, and has been in the coal business 
for many years. Previous to going into business for himself 
Mr. Northcutt was connected with Northcutt & Dickey. 

II Wiol.n EDWARD OI.INK. General Manager Lightner- 
Dusatke Co., retailers of coal at Lynch. Nebraska, was born 
January 14, 1892, at Monroe, Nebraska, and has been in the 
coal business for four years. 



ALBERT B. Ol THOl'SE, President and Manager Keystone 
Lumber Co., retailers of coal at Loup City, Nebraska, was 
born May 22. 1862, at Carlyle. Illinois, and has been in the 
coal business thirty-five years. 

DAVID PETERS, retail coal merchant at Valentine, Ne- 
braska, was born in Chester, Pennsylvania, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-five years. 

MEHION A. PHELPS, President and General Manager D. 
R. Phelps Lumber & Coal Co., Wahoo, Nebraska, was born 
June 10, 1871, in Saunders County, Nebraska, and has been 
in the coal business twenty-six years. The business was 
established in 1879 by D. R. Phelps, and in 1907 was incor- 
porated as the D, R. Phelps Lumber & Coal Co., with D. R. 
I 'helps as President and M. A. Phelps as Secretary and 
General Manager. After the death of D. R. Phelps in 
August. 1907, M. A. Phelps succeeded him as President and 
General Manager, and is now operating yards at Wahoo. 
Valley, Ithaca, and Touhy, Nebraska. 

J. O. ROWLAND. Secretary Rowland. Lumber & Coal Co., 
Bethany, Nebraska, was born January 27. 1869, at Brighton, 
Iowa, and has been in the coal business for about twenty- 
five years. He was previously connected with the Avoca 
Lumber Co. 

AUGUST SACK, Manager and Treasurer of the Sack Lum- 
ber & Coal Co. of Dorchester, Nebraska, was born March 
13, 1891, at Sutton, Nebraska, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for two years. Mr. Sack also has retail yards at Crete, 
Ord and Polk, Nebraska. 

WILLIAM SACK, Manager Sack Lumber & Coal Co., Ord, 
Nebraska, was born May 4, 1889, in Sutton, Nebraska, and 
has been in the coal business for five years. The Sack 
Lumber & Coal Co. also operates coal yards at Crete, Dor- 
chester and Polk, Nebraska. 

W. S. SHANEYFELT, Manager W. S. Shaneyfelt Lumber 
Co., retailers of coal at Aurora, Nebraska, was born January 
20, 1880, in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, and has been in 
the coal business eight years. Mr. Shaneyfelt is also retail- 
ing coal at Bertrand, Smithneld, Beaver City and Long Pine, 
Nebraska. He was formerly interested in the A. W. Hick- 
man Lumber Co. 

J. E. SHEARER, retail coal merchant of Hebron, Ne- 
braska, was born October 13, 1860, at Cambridge, Wiscon- 
sin, and has been in the coal business since 1894. 

H. L. STUART, retail coal merchant of Lexington, Ne- 
braska, was born September 25, 1878, in Polk County, Iowa, 
and has handled coal off and on for twelve years. He was 
formerly connected with Geo. A. Hoagland. 

FRANK W. WEST, member of the firm of F. W. & A. J. 

West, retail coal merchants of Wisner, Nebraska, was born 
March 2, 1858, in Chicago, Illinois, and has been in the coal 
business twenty-nine years. 

CHARLES WESLEY WOOD of Aurora. Nebraska, travel- 
ing salesman for the Sheridan Coal Co. of Omaha, was born 
April 27, 1855, at Danville, Illinois, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-one years. His entire business experi- 
ence has been with the Sheridan Coal Co. He is also stock- 
holder in the Roundup Coal Mining Co.. with mines at 
Roundup, Montana. Mr. Wood is one of the best known 
coal salesmen in the West. 



203 



NEVADA 



NEVADA, with its sister state of California, escapes 
by the narrow margin of one ton having the low- 
est square mile consumption record of any sec- 
tion of the Union. Arizona with her one ton per square 
mile holds first honors in that respect. Upon a per 
capita basis, however, the showing for Nevada is more 
favorable, its bituminous consumption of 2.12 tons be- 
ing slightly above the average. Because, however, no 
anthracite is used, the general average falls below that 
for the country as a whole. In point of total tonnage 
used Nevada is also dangerously near the bottom of the 
list of states, but here, too, it yields the prize to Arizona 
by a comfortable margin of safety. Figures for 1915 
show an approximate total consumption of 217,412 tons 
in Nevada. The greater part of this, 169,928 tons, 
came from Utah. Together with that state it burned 



2,526 tons of Colorado coal. During the year under 
review a small quantity of coal produced within the 
state was also consumed. This tonnage is included in 
totals shown under California. Wyoming contributed 
44,523 tons, West Virginia 300, and New Mexico 135 
tons, to Nevada's requirements. 

Nevada entered the ranks of coal-producing states in 
a tentative way in 1911, when development was started 
on a bed of lignite at Coaldale, in Esmeralda county. 
Production was maintained on a very small scale during 
the period 1911-1915, but the mine was idle in 1916. 
The Nevada output for 1911, 1912 and 1913 is included 
with the production reported under Idaho, and for 1914 
and 1915 is combined with California and Idaho pro- 
duction. 



204 



THE NEW ENGLAND STATES 



IN no other section of the country perhaps is the close 
relationship between coal and commercial advance- 
ment better illustrated than in the New England 
States. It is true that, with the exception of limited 
anthracite deposits in Rhode Island, which have never 
attained any marked degree of successful exploitation, 
so far as known this section of the United States, so 
aptly characterized as the great workshop of the coun- 
try, is without coal resources of its own, r but its close 
proximity to the high grade com Is of West Virginia and 
Pennsylvania, particularly by water routes, combined 
with the other advantages of its location, such as early 
settlement and development, the character of its chief 
manufacturing industries and its outlets to the markets 
of the interior and overseas, have given it a front rank 
position in coal trade history. So clearly has the neces- 
lity of taking advantage of its highly specialized indus- 
trial equipment — made possible in the first instance by 
its transportation nearness to important coal fields — 
been recognized by the United States Government that, 
in a sense, the New England States today are wards of 
the United States Fuel Administration in the matter of 
coal supply. 

In common with other important Atlantic seaboard 
sections, under normal times, the New England states 
drew their fuel supplies from relatively few producing 
fields. In 1915, for example, out of a total domestic 
bituminous consumption of 20,511,987 tons, by far the 
greatest percentage was furnished by two states, West 
Virginia and Pennsylvania. Over 65 per cent, of the 
total bituminous coal receipts of the year were handled 
through tidewater ports. The reported all-rail move- 
ment totaled 7,238, KM) tons, while the receipts via tide- 
water aggregated 13.273.581 tons. New England is by 
far the greatest factor in the tidewater coastwise move- 
ment, its normal receipts constituting approximately 80 
per cent, of the coastwise movement and over 40 per 
cent, of the total tidewater shipments, including bunker 
and railroad fuel. All-rail receipts for the year were 
divided as follows: Maryland. 630,097 tons; Pennsyl- 
vania, 6,587,890; and West Virginia, 20,419 tons. Con- 
sumption of Pennsylvania anthracite reached 13,767,000 
tons. In addition to this the Xew England states of- 
fered the largest market for imported coal. Drawing 
upon Nova Scotia, the receipts were 654,703 tons, or 



approximately 38 per cent., of the total coal imports of 
the country. Montana and Idaho, drawing upon British 
Columbia and Alberta for part of their requirements, 
came next with 432,721 tons, or 25 per cent., and the 
Pacific Coast states accounted for 24 per cent. 

Upon the per capita consumption basis New England 
ranked fourth, being exceeded by Delaware, Illinois and 
Montana. The Xew England average of 4.64 tons (2.69 
bituminous coal and 1.95 anthracite) was, with the ex- 
ception of Delaware, the highest along the Atlantic sea- 
board. The concentration of industrial enterprises in 
Chicago, where a per capita in excess of eight tons has 
been reported, explains the rank of Illinois, while the 
metallurgical activities on the one hand and the small 
population on the other give Montana its leadership over 
New England, the latter having a population over four- 
teen times as great in an area less than half the size. 

"Coal," says the United States Geological Survey in 
explaining the relation of the consumption of fuel to 
the value of the manufactured products turned out, "is 
the principal source of energy in the processes of manu- 
facturing and the quantity so used bears a certain rela- 
tion to the value of the manufactured products. The 
relation can be studied properly, however, only by con- 
sidering simply the value of the products in making 
which coal was used for power, or, if the value of all 
the manufactured products is considered, by adding to 
the coal used in any locality the equivalent in terms of 
coal of whatever fuel oil, natural gas, or water power 
may have been used in that locality. 

"It will be noted that the value of the manufactured 
products per 1,000 tons of coal ($85,000) consumed is 
greater in New England than in any other area except 
the west south central ($156,000) and Pacific Coast 
regions ($605,723). The reason for this is obvious; in 
these two regions, fuel oil is used almost to the exclusion 
of coal in manufacturing plants and the average ob- 
tained by dividing the total value of manufactures by 
the quantity of coal used is correspondingly high. The 
per capita consumption of coal in New England is 
nearly fourteen times as great as on the Pacific Coast 
and more than nine times as great as in the southern 
states west of the Mississippi River." 

This point, as made by the Geological Survey, is 
further illustrated by a comparison of the value of the 



205 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



manufactured products in the three sections. In the 
west south central division (four states) the total is 
$802,733,000; in the Pacific Coast region (three states) 
it is $1,067,890,000, or a combined total for seven states 
of $1,870,623,000. The total value of the manufactured 
products in the six states comprising the New England 
group reaches $2,02 1.218.000. 

Boston, of course, is the principal receiving point for 
the New England tonnage. Over 20 per cent, of the 
total amount of coal consumed within New England 
passes through this port. The receipts of coal of United 
States origin, both anthracite and bituminous coal, have 
grown from 1,176,954 tons in 1874 to 6,019,874 gross 
tons. Receipts by routes and kinds of coal for the past 
three years have been as follows: 



WATER 

1915 1916 1917 

Anthracite 1,509,960 1,480,896 1,388,670 

Bituminous, U. S 4,609,936 ' 4,910,687 4,153,277 

Nova Scotia 440,615 344,792 275,612 

RAIL 

1915 1916 1917 

Anthracite 192,442 292,599 217,408 

Bituminous, U. S 79,385 113,389 119,991 

Nova Scotia 

Among the other important New England coai cen- 
ters may be mentioned Providence, E. I., where the 1917 
receipts totaled 2,090,843 tons, of which 377,273 tons 
were anthracite and 1,713,570 tons were bituminous. 
These totals include coal for local trade, for transship- 
ment by rail to interior points and water tonnage to 
Pawtucket. 



206 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




\ i 1:1 it I H. POWELL, New Haven. Connecticut, 

President A. H. Powell & Co., Inc., New Haven, was born 
November 15, 1878. He is also President Mill River Retail 
Coal Co. of New Haven and of the Connecticut Transpor- 
tation Co., a Long Island Sound barge line, a Director 
of the Mechanics Bank of New Haven, a member of 
the New Haven City Board of Finance, and a Director of 
the New England Wholesale Coal Association. Mr. Powell 
takes an active interest in civic matters in his city. 





CHARLES i:. IIIIK KI.KV, lloHton » I .- . — .-.. ■,..-..-■•■.. 

Manager A. H. Powell & Co., Inc., at Boston, Massachu- 
setts, was born November 24, 1891, in Boston and has been 
In the coal business for four years. Mr. Brickley is a grad- 
uate of Harvard and one of Its most famous football stars. 



CHAKLKS L. BHIG49S, \r« York City, 

New York Sales Manager A. H. Powell & Co., was born in 
Stamford. Connecticut, September 8. 1874, and has been 
Identified With the coal business fifteen years. Mr. Briggs 
was formerly with E. Russel Norton, Black. Sheridan & 
Wilson Co. and Dickson ,NL- Eddy, 



207 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JAMES A. HAMILTON, New Haven, Conneetient, GEO. H. NOL.F.N. New Haven, Connecticut, 

President and Treasurer W. P. Gilbert & Co., New Haven, Sales Agent at New Haven, Connecticut, for Dickson & 
was born May 21, 1875, in Caledonia, New York, and has been Eddy, New York, has been in the coal business for twenty- 
in the coal business twenty years. He is well and favor- one years. He was born December 24, 1870, in Washington, 
ably known to the trade of Connecticut. D. C. Mr. Nolen has many friends in the New England coal 

trade. 





THOMAS M. RICHARDS, Boston, Massachusetts, WM. A. CLARK, Northampton, Massachusetts, 

General Eastern Agent Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Treasurer of W. A. Clark Coal Co. of Northampton, Massa- 
Iron Co., with offices at Boston, was born February 18, 1868, chusetts, was born in Northampton March 2, 1868, and has 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Mr. Richards has been in been in the coal business for thirty-one years. Mr. Clark 
the coal business since August 1, 1885, and enjoys a wide was formerly connected with wholesale anthracite and bl- 
and favorable acquaintance in anthracite circles. tuminous coal firms, before going in business for himself. 

Mr. Clark has served most successfully for a number of 
years as President of the New England Coal Dealers' Asso- 
ciation and is also "Vice President of the National Retail Coal 
Merchants' Association. He is considered an authority on 
demurrage and traffic questions. 



208 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




WILLIAM W. WILLETT, Boston, Massachusetts, 
President and Treasurer Chesapeake & Ohio Coal Agency Co., Bos- 
ton, was born June 19, 1858, in North Granville, New York, and has 
been in the coal business thirty-eight years. Mr. Willett first en- 
gaged in the coal business in 1879, being given a position as clerk in 
the coal department of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Co. at New 
York and associated with the late Calvin B. Orcutt. In 1895 the 
Chesapeake & Ohio Coal Agency Co. was formed, Mr. Orcutt being 
made President and Mr. Willett Treasurer and on the death of Mr. 
Orcutt in February, 1911, Mr. Willett was made both President and 
Treasurer, which position he now holds. S. B. Willett is Vice Presi- 
dent and E. S. Turpin General Agent, the latter located at Richmond, 
Virginia. Since the spring of 1913 the principal office of the com- 
pany has been located at Boston. The interests with which Mr. Wil- 
lett has been associated were the pioneers in the marketing of New 
River steam coal in the eastern territory and for nearly a quarter of 
a century had the exclusive handling of New River coal covered by 
markets east of the mines. 



209 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





FRKUKRICK McCANN, Boston, Massachusetts, 

President Edward M. Alden Co., Boston, was born May 7, 
1876, in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and has been in the coal 
business twenty-six years. 



WILLIAM J. OSGOOD, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Treasurer Edward M. Alden Co, Boston, was born in 1875, 
at Xewton, Massachusetts. 



EDWARD M. ALDEN COMPANY 

Boston, Massachusetts 



The well-known Edward M. Alden Co. represents 
a successful business career of nearly fifty years. The 
enterprise was started by John C. Alden who embarked 
in the coal business at Boston some years prior to 1876. 
later operating under the firm name of John C. Alden 
& Son, which, in turn, was succeeded by Alden & Nevin. 
Mr. Alden later operated the business again as an indi- 
vidual and after his death the business was incorporated 
by Frederick McCann as the Edward M. Alden Co. 
This was in 1914. The following year William J. Os- 
good became Treasurer. Mr. McCann became President 
of the Company after an association with Dickson & 
Eddy at New York for twenty-one years, while Mr. 
Osgood had obtained his practical experience in the 
Boston office of Dickson & Eddv for fifteen years. 

Splendid opportunities are offered the anthracite and 
bituminous interests in New England by reason of its 
rapidly growing industries. The great handicap, how- 
ever, has been the inadequate transportation facilities, 
the New York, New Haven & Hartford and the Boston 
& Maine railroads failing to keep pace with the rapid 
growth of the manufacturing interests of New England. 
Barges, tugs and steamers have been the big factor in 
supplying the fuel needs of New England manufac- 
turers. 



In the earlier days coal was transported to New Eng- 
land by sailing vessels. However, the methods of load- 
ing and unloading at terminals were crude and the 
movement of the sailing craft was slow and uncertain. 
As the New England industries increased in efficiency. 
prompt receipt of fuel became more exacting and there 
was developed a steady improvement in the water trans- 
portation of fuel. Schooners of from 300 to 500 tons 
have been succeeded by barges of 4.000 tons capacity, 
operating on regular schedule. Terminal facilities have 
improved even more remarkably. 

Even as late as 1890 it would take five to six days 
to discharge a 300-ton schooner while today the modern 
barge of 4,000 tons is conveniently unloaded in one day. 
Progressive coal merchants in New England have 
quickly adjusted themselves to both rail and water trans- 
portation and by their splendid service in supplying 
fuel requirements at normal costs are enabling New 
England not only to maintain its industrial activities 
but to expand rapidly. 

The Edward M. Alden Co. when incorporated in 
1914 did a comparatively modest business but their ton- 
nage has taken rapid growth since and soon passed an 
annual aggregate of more than a half million tons. 



210 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




' i Mil \i I M COBB, BoMton, MaHHarhuHPttH, 
President and Treasurer M. L. Cobb Co., 10 Post Office 
Square. Boston, was born July 21, 1889, in Melrose, Massa- 
chusetts, and has been in the coal business nine years. He 
is a son of M. L. Cobb, who founded this well-known whole- 
sale coal business. 








WAI.TKH F. WARD, lioxlon. >1 .- . ~ ^ .■ . . - 1 . . ■ - . i • - . 

Vice President and General Manager M. U Cobb Co., 10 
Post Office Square, Boston, was bora February 27, 1882, In 
Boston, and was associated In the coal business with the 
late M. L. Cobb for twenty years. He has been a Director 
of the National Coal Jobbers' Association since Its organiza- 
tion. 






>li:i,VII,I,K, t,. COBB, II..-I..1I. llM.var -II.. 

Who died October 12, 1917, was for over thirty years one 
Of the most prominent and best known factors in the New 
Kngland coal trade. He was renowned as a shrewd mer- 
chant and enjoyed the respect and esteem of the entire 
coal trade. He was born at Dlghton, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 11, 1853, and was 63 years old at the time of his 
death. 



21! 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




FHUD G. SCHIPPER. Boston, Massachusetts, 

President Schipper Bros. Coal Mining Co., 141 Milk Street, 
Boston, Massachusetts, was born August 14, 1884, at Pekin, 
Illinois, and has been in the coal business for eleven years. 
Mr. Schipper is widely known in the coal trade and has 
many warm friends in both the east and west. 




CARL P. SCHIPPER, Boston, Massachusetts, 

General Manager and Treasurer of the Schipper Bros. Coal 
Mining Co., 141 Milk Street, Boston, Massachusetts, was born 
August 5, 1876, at Pekin, Illinois, and has been in the coal 
business for over sixteen years, the company having been 
organized in 1902 and now operates ten mines in the Broad 
Top region of Pennsylvania. 



I, JOHN SCHIPPER, Philadelphia, Pa.. 

Manager of Mines Schipper Bros. Coal 
Mining Co., was born in Pekin, Illinois. 
January 2, 1878, and has been in the 
coal business seventeen years. 



212 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




RICHARD S. i <>\\ \M.\n. ii. .-i. .11. Mannachunettn, 
President and Treasurer of the E. B. Townsend Coal Co., 
27 Kilby Street, Boston, Massachusetts, was born July 27, 
1885, at Roxbury, Massachusetts, and has been in the coal 
business for eight years. 





IPBHCBH T. WILLIAMS, Ronton, i .-i.-Ihim-mv 

Late General Manager and Assistant Treasurer E.' B. 
Townsend Coal Co.. 27 Kilby Street, Boston. Massachusetts, 
was born April 15. 1853, at Charlestown. Massachusetts, and 
had been In the coal business forty-one years up to the time 
of his death September 24, 1918. Mr. Williams was one of 
the best and most favorably known coal men in New Eng- 
land and was formerly associated with Bright Thomas & 
Co., Philadelphia. S. H. Brown <•<.., New York. Stickney. 
Conyngham & Co., New York, and Susquehanna Coal Co. 



KIIWAHD II. TOW\SK\U, Ronton. Mannarhunettn, 

Former head of the E B. Townsend Coal Co., 27 Kilby Street, 
Boston, Massachusetts, was born November 20, 1848, at Bos- 
ton. Massachusetts, and had been in the coal business for 
forty-four years at the time of his death, building up a 
splendid reputation during that time. 



213 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





GEORGE} EDDY WARREN, RoHton, tl .in~.mIi u-.l l», 
President George E. Warren Co., 35 Congress Street, Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, was born October 20, 1868, at Brattle- 
boro, Vermont, and has been in the coal business for twen- 
ty-five years. He is also President of the Morrellville Coal 
Mining Co., Warren Collieries Co. of Johnstown, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Warren Transportation Co. of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. Mr. Warren is one of the prominent wholesale 
coal merchants of New England and was formerly con- 
nected with the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Co. 
from 1893 to 1898. 



GEORGE P. OSWALD, Ronton, MaNMachusette, 

Vice President of the Geo. E. Warren Co. of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, was born July 4, 1877, at Boston and is also 
Vice President of the Morrellville Coal Mining Co., Warren 
Collieries Co., Guernsey Coal Co., and the Warren Trans- 
portation Co. He was formerly connected with the Con- 
solidation Coal Co. 




GEORGE WALTER ANDERSON, Ronton, Massachusetts, 

Treasurer George E. Warren Co., 35 Congress Street, Bos- 
ton, was born January 6, 1879, in Lynn, Massachusetts, and 
has been in the coal business over seventeen years. Mr. 
Anderson is also Treasurer of the Morrellville Coal Mining 
Co. and the Guernsey Coal Co. He was formerly connected 
with the Morrisdale Coal Co. 



RORERT Y. HROWN. .loliiiMi.ini. 

General Manager Morrellville Coal Min- 
ing Co., Johnstown, President Guern- 
sey Coal Co.. Houtzdale, Pennsylvania, 
and Warren Collieries, Ltd., Toronto, 
Canada, and Manager Johnstown of- 
fice of the George E. Warren Co., Bos- 
ton. Massachusetts, was born in Leices- 
ter, Massachusetts, in April, 1888, and 
has been in the coal business eleven 
years. Early in his coal career he was 
with the Morrisdale Coal Co. 



214 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 




H. BRAT HlllMMI \\. It, .si, ,n. MnMNiichiiNettN, 
President The Wravin Coal Co , Inc . Boston, is the son of Horatio C. Rohrman, 
and probably has the distinction of being the youngest President of a coal corpora- 
tion in New England. He is a graduate of Tufts College, where he was captain of 
the track team, and a member of Alpha Tau Omega fraternity and of the "William 
Parkman lodge of Masons. The day after war was declared Mr. Rohrman enlisted 
in the L'nited States Navy, and has been stationed at the large European aviation 
base. < n July 4, 1918. Mr. Rohrman was selected to represent the American team 
in track events, and had the pleasure of winning a silver cup in h's race, which 
was presented by the English. When given his honorable discharge from the Navy 
he expects to return to his position in The Wravin Coal Co. 








IIOKATIO C. KOHRMA.V Winchester. MaxNarhuNettx. 

Treasurer The Wravin Coal Co.. Inc., Boston, was born No- 
vember 24. 1869, in Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal 
business for more than twenty years. Previously he was 
confidential man for the late John W. Gates. Mr. Rohrman 
was raised in the mining regions of Pennsylvania and is 
probably as well versed on Pennsylvania coals and their 
values as any man doing all-rail business in New England. 
He is a member of William Parkman Lodge of Masons and 
Hugh DePayens Commandery. Knights Templar, and a 
Director of the Winchester National Bank and of the Massa- 
chusetts Industrial Plan Bank. 



FRANK «'. HODCNHTB, Boxton. iin.vi.i,,, 

Sales Manager The Wravin Coal Co., Inc, Boston, was born 
May 17. 1872, In Toronto. Ontario, Canada. He Is well known 
among both the wholesale and retail coal trade with which 
he has been connected for the past twelve years. 



215 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





SWAN HABTWELL, Boston, Massachusetts, 

President H. N. Hartwell & Son, Inc., Boston, was born in 
Somerville, New Jersey, in 1875 and has been in the coal 
business twenty-four years. He is also interested in the 
Cuban Coal Co. of Havana, Hartwell & Lester of New York, 
and the Traders Coal Co. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. He 
was formerly connected with Whitney & Kemmerer, Coxe 
Bros. & Co., Inc., and Natalie Coal Co. 



HARRY \. MATTHEWS, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Treasurer H. N. Hartwell & Son. Inc., 70 Kilby St., Boston, 
was born in 1881 in Freehold, New Jersey, and has been in 
the coal business seventeen years. Mr. Matthews is also 
Treasurer of the Cuban Coal Co. of America and Hartwell 
& Lester, Inc., of New York City. 





E. RUSSELL, NORTON, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Well known coal merchant of Boston, Massachusetts, was 
born December 22, 1871, at New York City, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-one years. Mr. Norton 
started his business in 1896 as Sturtevant & Norton. Two 
years later he continued under his own name, representing: 
Black, Sheridan & Wilson, specializing in Pennsylvania 
bituminous coals, and now maintains offices in both New 
York and Boston. 



E. F. MELENDY, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Manager for E. Russell Norton at Boston, Massachusetts, 
was born January 28, 1873, at Weld, Maine, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-one years, the entire time 
with E. Russell Norton. 



216 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





CHRISTIAN P. ANDERSEN, Boston, Maasachaaetta, 

Proprietor of the Andersen Coal Sales Co., 120 Milk 
St., Boston, was born December 6, 1864, at Svaneke, Den- 
mark, and has been in the coal business for over twenty 
years. He was formerly President of the Andersen Coal 
Mining Co., operating mines in Cambria County, Pennsyl- 
vania, has given some attention to exporting coal to Europe 
and South America, and is one of the largest shippers of 
cordwood and other fuel wood in New England. 



CHARLES C. ALLEN, Boston. Massachusetts, 

Late Vice President and General Manager of the Lehigh & 
Wilkes-Barre Coal Co. of Massachusetts, with offices 
at 141 Milk St., Boston, was born June 29, 18G5, at Leo- 
minster. Massachusetts, and died March 17, 1918. He was 
in the coal business for over thirty years. Mr. Allen was 
also Treasurer of the Lowell Terminal Co. 



LOI is EBFFLBB, Ronton. Max*.. 
Of the firm of Zepfler & Childs, 141 
Milk Street, Boston, was born Febru- 
ary 8, 1866, in Boston, and has been in 
the coal buainess thirty-six years. Mr. 
Zepfler was formerly connected with 
the firm of Joseph S. Burton & Co. 
before forming his present company. 



FRED L. CHILDS, Ronton, Mass.. 

Of the firm of Zepfler & Childs, 141 
Milk St., Boston, was born in 1869 at 
Framingham, Massachusetts, and has 
been in the coal business for eighteen 
years. His present company was or- 
ganized March 1, 1909, and handles both 
anthracite and bituminous coal. 



217 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





NATHANIEL C. ASHCOM, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Manager B. Nicoll & Co., 85 Devonshire St., Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, was born in 1877 at Baltimore. Maryland, and has 
been in the coal business for sixteen years. He was for- 
merly connected with the Consolidation Coal Co. and the 
Pennsylvania Coal & Coke Corp. 



ARTHUR P. BRYANT, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Secretary Spring Coal Co., Boston, Massachusetts, was born 
October 7, 1877, in Newton, Massachusetts, and has been in 
the coal business since 1905. 



' . ~> 





L_ 



HENRY F. CANNON, Boston, Massachusetts, 

President Darrow-Mann Co., 40 Central St., Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, was born July 29, 1862, at Lancaster, Ohio, and 
has been in the coal business for over ten years. He is 
also interested in Castner, Curran & Bullitt, Inc., and 
Manager of their Boston office. He was formerly con- 
nected with the New River Consolidated Coal & Coke Co. 
and the New England Coal & Coke Co. 



SIMEON CRUMB, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Eastern Sales Agent of Dickson & Eddy, 50 Congress St., 
Boston, Massachusetts, was born in 1855 at Smyrna, New 
York, and has been in the coal business for over thirty 
years. He was formerly connected with Andrew Langdon 
& Co. and the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Co. He 
has represented Dickson & Eddy at Boston since April 15, 
1894, or almost twenty-five years. 



218 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





ROYAL. C. GILLESPIE, it,.*,,,,,. MaiiHarhuHetts, 

Manager Consolidation Coal Co., at Boston, Massachusetts, 
was born December 18, 1876, in Baltimore County, Mary- 
land, and has been connected with the Consolidation Coal 
Co. (or over twenty-six years. 



WILLIAM A. JEPSON, BoHton, MaNnaehusetta, 

New England Manager of Dexter & Carpenter, Inc., 85 
Devonshire St., Boston, Massachusetts, was born August 
10, 1872, in Detroit Lake City, Minnesota, and has been in 
the coal business over thirty-three years. Mr. Jepson was 
General Manager and Sales Agent of the Carbon Coal & 
Coke Co. eleven years and organized and developed the 
Southern Illinois Coal & Coke Co. and was its Vice Presi- 
dent and General Manager for five years. He has a wide 
acquaintance in the trade. 





O. B. mil \-n\. ii. .-.Mm Maimachuiirtta, 
.Manager of the Boston office of the Lehigh Coal & Naviga- 
tion Co., was born February 1, 1873, In Boston and has been 
in the coal business for twenty-eight years, for the last ten 
years with his present company. Previous to that he was 
connected with Bangs & Horton and the Lehigh & Wllkes- 
Barre Coal Co. 



EAHL !•". I Mill Mil I IloKton, \l ; . — ... ).•.-..<•- 

Eastern Sales Manager of Thorne, Neale & Co., Inc., 40 
Central St., Boston, Massachusetts, was born May 26, 1886, 
at Bridgton, Maine, and has been in the coal business for 
over eleven years. He was formerly with Whitney & 
Kemmerer and Is favorably known among the New Eng- 
land coal trade. 



219 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 








WILLIAM A. MEHAFFET, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Wholesale coal merchant of Boston, Massachusetts, with 
offices at 4 Liberty Square, was born in Harrisburg, Penn- 
sylvania, and has been in the coal business since 1876. He 
established his present business in 1893, handling both an- 
thracite and bituminous coal. He formerly represented in 
New England Walter, Donaldson & Co., Donaldson & Thom- 
as, and Percy Heilner & Son. Since 1893 he has devoted 
his energy largely to the sale of the coal of the Philadelphia 
& Reading Coal & Iron Co. At present he is one of their 
largest factors in New England. 



W. M. \\ . SPRING, Boston, Massachusetts, 

President Spring Coal Co. of Boston, Massachusetts, was 
born in 1804 at Worcester, Massachusetts, and has been in 
the coal business for thirty-six years. Mr. Spring is well 
known in the New England coal trade and was formerly 
connected with the Spring Coal Mining Co., Garfield & Proc- 
tor Coal Co. and Denison Eros. Co., New Bedford. 




JOHN A. STETSON, Boston, Massachusetts, 

President and General Manager of the Stetson Coal Co., 92 
State Street, Boston, Massachusetts, was born July 28, 1844, 
at South Boston, Massachusetts. This firm is a pioneer re- 
tail coal concern of New England, having been established 
in 1836. Mr. Stetson has been in the coal business for over 
fifty-five years and President of the Boston Coal Exchange 
for the last ten years. 



GARFIELD & PROCTOR, Boston, Mass., 

Went into the coal business in Boston 
in 1867 as a partnership. In 1868 it 
was incorporated. The capital at the 
incorporation was $125,000. J. F. D. 
Garfield was President and W. E. Ma- 
curda was Treasurer. Following Mr. 
Garfield in the Presidency was Mr. 
Geo. N. Proctor. After his retirement 
from business Mr. F. W. Pray was 
elected President and Mr. Pray and 
Mr. Macurda are the present officers. 
The company deals in both Anthracite 
and Bituminous coal and are distribu- 
tors of Delaware & Hudson coal in 
Northern New England. 



220 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





MORTIMER ii. WILLIAMS, Boston, Massachusetts, 

Eastern Sales Agent Whitney & Kemmerer, 141 Milk Street, 
Boston, was born February 2, 1880, in Boston, and has been 
in the coal business sixteen years. Mr. Williams is a gradu- 
ate of Wesleyan University and has taken an active part in 
fraternal and political life. He was formerly connected with 
the Metropolitan Coal Co., Edward M. Alden and Percy M. 
Heilner & Son. 



JAMBS J. STORROW, Ronton, Massachusetts, 

Federal Fuel Administrator for New England, with offices 
at 44 State Street, Boston, Massachusetts, was associated 
with Lee, Higginson & Co. until receiving his appointment 
from H. A. Garfield, the National Fuel Administrator, and 
since then during the Great War has taken an active part 
in handling the fuel problem of the New England states for 
the federal government. 





KRWK LINCOLN POWF.RS. Worcester, ih I> "-• h -. 

President of the F. E. Powers Co., Worcester, Massachusetts, 
was born In Millbury. Massachusetts, June 12, 1883, and has 
been in the coal business fifteen years. He is highly re- 
spected and well known in the coal trade of New England. 



HIRAM STEVENS POWERS. Worcester, Mnssni ■ -i i-. 

Treasurer of the F. E. Powers Co. of Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, was born at Millbury, Massachusetts, on September 
29, 1884, and has been in the coal business for twelve years. 
He is associated in business with his brother, Frank L>. 
Powers, and the firm is one of the well-known retail com- 
panies in that section. 



221 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





THOMAS EDWARD STERNE, Worcester, Massachusetts, 

President and Treasurer of the Scranton Coal Co. and the 
Fred A. Mann Coal Co. of Worcester, Massachusetts, was 
born at Chatham, New York, September 5, 1858, and has 
been in the coal business lor thirty-seven years. He was 
formerly connected with W. G. Morton, Albany, New York, 
the Fitchburg Coal Co., Fitchburg, Massachusetts, and 
the Brighton Coal Co., Brighton, Massachusetts. The Scran- 
ton Coal Co. was established in 1897 and in 1909 a corpora- 
tion was formed by Mr. Sterne and his two sons. He and 
his sons are also interested in the F. A. Mann Coal Co. 



THOMAS EDWARD STERNE, JR., Worcester, Massachusetts, 

Son of Thomas Edward Sterne, is Secretary of the Scranton 
Coal Co. and the F. A. Mann Coal Co. of Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts. He was born at Chatham, New York, on October 
17, 1885, and has been in the coal business almost ten years. 
He was formerly connected with the Gorman-Leonard Coal 
Co., Whitney & Kemmerer, Bader Coal Co. and Staples & 
Bell. 





EDWARD JAMES DOHERTY, Worcester, Massachusetts, 

Of the Doherty Coal Co., Worcester, was born in Worcester 
February 24, 1880, and has been in the coal business almost 
twenty-five years. He is now taking care of the business 
established by his father, Patrick Doherty, in 1878, since the 
death of his brother, Martin J. Doherty, October 28, 1917. 



OLAF G. Ill .1(1.1 \ !i. Worcester, Massachusetts, 

Owner of the O. G. Hedlund Coal Co. of Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, was born at Wermeland, Sweden, on February 15, 
1858, and has been in the coal business for himself for thir- 
teen years. This company was established in 1906 and han- 
dles anthracite and bituminous coal at wholesale and retail. 



222 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



CONNECTICUT — Hartford 



FREDERICK II. FISHER. Hartford. Connecticut. Is 
Treasurer and General Manager for The O'Connor Coal & 
Supply Co., Inc, and has been in the business eleven years, 
lit' was born at Glastonbury. Connecticut, January 20, 1873. 

WILLIAM WATSON FHAYEH, Hartford. Connecticut, is 
President and Treasurer of Prayer A Foster, Inc., and has 
been engaged in the coal business for thirty years. He was 
born at Coxsackle, New York, November 27, 1873. 

GEORGE T. mill: BE Sisson Ave.. Hartford, Connecticut, 
is President and Treasurer of the Robert Price Coal Co., 
Office and yard located at 84 Francis Ave. He has been in 
the business thirty years. He was born at Hartford May 13, 
1864. 

CHARLES .1. siiEKETOPP. Vice President American Coal 
Co., Hartford. Connecticut, was born in New York City 
March 1, 1893, and has been in the coal business seven 
years. During his absence In the Service in France the 
details of the business are being handled by H. Levine, 
President and Treasurer, and A. Sherry Harris, Secretary. 

JAMES S. STEVENS, 36 Pearl St., Hartford Connecticut, 
is the Sales Agent for \< w England of the Pennsylvania 
Coal & Coke Corp. He was formerly with the Nor- 
folk & Western Railroad, where he advanced from office 
boy to be Assistant to the President. He has been President 
of the Connecticut Valley KoKoal and lecturer on "Power 
Costs," "Soft Coal for Power," and "A Lump of Coal." He 
organized one hundred Liberty Choruses for the Connecticut 
Slate Council of Defense war work, and composed numer- 
ous poems and songs and edited several song publications 
on war work. He was born at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, 
November 11. 1867. 



CONNECTICUT — New Haven 



F.MIIJIO HALSA.MO, member of the retail coal firm of 
Verdi & Balsamo, 444 Grand Ave., New Haven, Connecticut, 
has been identified with the local trade for fourteen years. 

HAHHY W. HITCHCOCK, well-known coal salesman, 
Chamber of Commerce BIdg., New Haven, Conn., was born 
February 11. 1872, at Baltimore, Maryland, and has been in 
the coal business thirty years. Mr. Hitchcock has been con- 
nected with the New England Coal & Coke Co., C. H. Sprague 
& Son, and Williams, Wells & Co. 

ROBERT E. MANROSS is President of The Benedict & 
Pardee Co. of New Haven, Connecticut, and has been in the 
business of wholesaling coal for forty-five years. He was 
born at Forestville, Connecticut, February 17, 1852. 

JOHN P. McCUSKER, New Haven, Connecticut, is a 
partner in the coal Arm of McCusker & Schroeder, which 
has been In business without change for thirty-seven years. 
!!•■ formerly was connected with French Bros, and The 
French Coal Co. He has served a term as President of the 
Connecticut Tidewater Coal Dealers' Association, as well as 
Vice President of the New England Coal Dealers' Associa- 
tion. He was born in New Haven May 2, 1860. 

AHRAimi MOLSTEIN of Perlman & Molstein, New Ha- 
ven. Connecticut, was born October 25, 1883, In Russia, and 
lias been in the coal business ten years. 

CHARLES WILLIAM P \STORFIKLI>, formerly salesman 
for Weston Dodson & Co., Inc., at 177 Church St.. New Haven, 
Connecticut, was born July 24, 1891, in Royal Oak, Maryland, 
and has been in the coal business six years. On February 

1. 1918, he entered the employ of Francis, Friend & Stiene- 
man. Inc., 177 Church St.. New Haven. 

HARRY PERLMAN of Perlman & Molstein, New Haven, 
Connecticut, was born in Russia in 1867 and has been in 
the coal business ten years. 

ELMORE W. PLATT is Manager of the office of Weston 
Dodson & Co., New Haven, Connecticut. He was formerly 
with Williams, Wells & Co., five years as bookkeeper and 
ten years as salesmen. He has been in the coal business 
for twenty years. He was born December 25, 1874, at New 
Haven. Mr. Piatt covers Connecticut, Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island. 

ELMER F. SCHROEDER Is one of the equal partners in 
the firm of McCusker & Schroeder, New Haven, Connecticut. 
He has been thirty-seven years a member of the firm or 
since It was formed. He was born In New York City June 

2, 1862. 

MOltlT/, SPIER, senior member of Spier & Co., New- 
Haven. Connecticut, has been President of the New Haven 
Coal Dealers' Club and has been In the coal business since 
1868. He was born In Germany August 10, 1850. His two 
sons. Leopold A. and Benjamin H., are associated with him 
in business. 



ANTHONY J. VERDI is a partner in the firm of Verdi 
& Balsamo, 444 Grand Ave., New Haven, Connecticut. He 
has been in the retail coal business for fourteen years. 



CONNECTICUT 



GEORGE E. ACKLEY is President and Treasurer of The 
George E. Ackley Co.. New Milford. Connecticut, and has 
been engaged in the coal business seven years. He was 
born In New Milford October 8, 1869. 

ALBERT AHEHN, East Windsor, Connecticut, is one of 
the proprietors of the business of Ahern Bros. He has 
been in the business for twenty-one years. He was born 
at Fast Windsor September 30, 1884. 

DAVID J. AHERN is a member of the firm of Ahern 
Bros., coal merchants at East Windsor Hill, Connecticut. 
He has been in the business since 1897. He was born 
February 24, 1880, at East Windsor. 

RALPH W. ALLEN, Winsted, Connecticut, is owner of 
the retail coal business of H. Allen & Son, with which he 
has been connected for fifteen years. He was born at East 
Wilton. Maine, November 4, 1882. 

ANDREW Y. REACH, successor to Sharon Y. Beach, has 
been in the retail coal business for twenty-nine years at 
Seymour, Connecticut. He was born at Seymour October 
27, 1836. 

GEORGE W. BENEDICT, retail coal merchant at Nauga- 
tuck, Connecticut, was born October 13, 1856, at Bridgeport, 
Connecticut, and has been in the coal business fifteen years. 

CLINTON PHELPS BLACKMER is Assistant Manager for 
L. E. Blackmer, coal merchant at Thomaston, Connecticut, 
and has been connected with the business for ten years. 
He was born at East Granby, Connecticut, February 7, 
1889. 

L. E. BLACKMER, Thomaston, Connecticut, has been in 
the retail coal business at Thomaston eighteen years on his 
own account, having been formerly with G. W. Curtiss. He 
was born December 12, 1861, at New Haven, Connecticut. 

L. M. CAMP, Treasurer The Citizens' Coal Co., Waterbury, 
Connecticut, has been in the coal business since 1883, for- 
merly with Frank Miller & Co. He was born in Durham, 
Connecticut, February 23, 1855. 

JOSEPH C. CARTER is the proprietor of a retail coal 
business at Manchester, Connecticut. He has been in the 
trade for twenty-eight years, twenty of which were spent 
with E. Griswold. He was born at South Windsor, Con- 
necticut, December 12, 1863. 

EDGAR T. CLARK owns his coal business at Milford, 
Connecticut, and has carried it on for eleven years. He 
was born in Milford December 14, 1859. He was elected 
President of the Milford Business Men's Association in 1917 
and re-elected in 1918. He has been Treasurer of the 
Village Improvement Association for eight years. 

J. IRVING DIBni.E, President and Treasurer of The Fer- 
ris Coal Co. at South Norwalk, Connecticut, has been in 
the business for forty-six years, or since he was a boy o? 
fifteen. He was born sixty years ago at South Norwalk. 
Associated with him is Frank N. Ferris, a brother of the 
founder. 

GEORGE s. ELLIOTT is Vice President of The Parker- 
Elliott Coal Co.. Willimantic. Connecticut. Mr. Elliott has 
been in the coal business for twenty-four years and in 
May, 1917, sold out to the present company, of which T. R. 
Parker of Willimantic is President. Mr. Elliott was born 
at Willimantic May 20, 1867. 

FERDINAND GiLDElts lee\ E.. President and Treasurer 
of the Gildersleeve Fuel Co., (iilderslceve, Connecticut, was 
born August 20, 1840, in Gildersleeve and has been in the 
ooal business for thirty-three years. He Is also a stockholder 
in the Texax-Pai-ltlc Coal Co., Thurher, Texas. 

THOMAS GLENN'ON, senior member of the firm of Glen- 
non & Llllis at New Milford, Connecticut, is Secretary and 
Treasurer of the concern and has been in the coal business 
for nine years. He was born at New Milford July 22, 1864. 

JAMES B. GREGORY is President of the firm of Ira 
Gregory & Co., coal merchants at Bridgeport. Connecticut, 
and- has been in the business for fifty-six years. He was 
born at Bridgeport April 6, 1845. Ira Gregory, his father, 
established the business in 1843. 

OSCAR H. II \ \ si:. Secretary-Treasurer of the Terryville 
Coal & Wood Co., Terryville, Connecticut, was born May 11, 
1875, in Terryville and nas been In the coal business twelve 
years. 

EDWARD L. HAWICK, traveling salesman for Heilner 
& Son, West Haven, Conn., was born July 5. 1883. at Troy. 
New York, and has been In the coal business for nine years. 
Mr. Hayner was formerly connected with Percy Heilner & 
Son and A. H. Powell Co. 



223 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



ANDREW V. HEATH, Secretary of the Meeker Coal Co., 
Norwalk, Connecticut, was born December 20, 1858, at 
Staten Island, New York, and has been in the coal business 
twenty-five years. 

BENJAMIN LATHAM HOLMES, Mystic. Connecticut, is 
Executor of the Isaac D. Holmes Eriate and is in charge 
of the coal business established by Isaac D. Holmes in 
1847. Mr. Holmes was born in Mystic July 16, 1852, and 
has been in the business since boyhood. His father, Isaac 
D. Holmes, passed away in his 87th year. 

JOHN W. HOWE, senior member of the coal firm of J. 
W. Howe & Son at South Glastonbury, Connecticut, has 
been identified with the coal business for the past thirty- 
three years. Formerly he was connected with Barrows & 
Howe. He was born at Glastonbury February 23, 1835. 

LOUIS W. HOWE is Manager and equal partner in the 
coal business of J. W. Howe & Son at South Glastonbury, 
Connecticut, and has been a member of the firm for twen- 
ty. seven years. He was born at Glastonbury October 25, 
1870. 

FREDERICK G. HUMPHREY is Secretary of The Citi- 
zens' Coal Co. at Waterbury, Connecticut, and has been 
identified with the coal business since 1879. He was for- 
merly with the City Lumber & Coal Co. and has filled the 
office of President of the Retail Coal Dealers' Association 
of the New England States. He was born at Norfolk, 
Connecticut, September 23, 1857. He is President of The 
Tunnel Coal Co., Hartford, Connecticut. 

HARRY E. HUSTED, General Manager of the City Ice & 
Coal Co., Bridgeport, Connecticut, was born March 14, 1874. 
in Bridgeport and has been in the coal business twenty 
years. He was formerly connected with the firm of Wheeler 
& Howes. 

ROBERT INNES, retail coal merchant at Thomaston, 
Connecticut, has been in the business thirty-seven years. 
He was born in Scotland April 26, 1853. Mr. Innes is the 
father of thirteen children, nine of them alive. Three of the 
sons are in the United States Navy and a fourth was re- 
jected in the draft. 

MINOS IRVING JESTER, retail coal merchant of New 
Britain, Connecticut, was born July 27, 1871, at Milford, 
Delaware, and has been in the coal business thirteen years. 
Mr. Jester has served as Alderman, President of the Com- 
mon Council and Acting Mayor of the city. 

WILLIAM S. JOHNSON, President of the Putnam Coal & 
Wood Co., Putnam, Connecticut, has been in the coal busi- 
ness sixteen years. William P. Warren, Treasurer of the 
company, has been with the firm three years. 

FRANK H. JOHNSTON, New Britain, Connecticut, is 
President, General Manager and Treasurer of The City Coal 
& Wood Co. This company was incorporated by him in 1889. 
He is a member of the Executive Committee of the New 
England Coal Dealers' Association, former Vice President 
New England Builders' Supply Association, former President 
New Britain Chamber of Commerce, former President Con- 
necticut State Chamber of Commerce, and is a Director of the 
Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America. 
Mr. Johnston was born in New Britain, Connecticut, August 
10, 1861. 

HENRY F. JOURDAN is the owner of the business of F. 
Jourdan & Son at Branford, Connecticut, and has been con- 
nected with the firm as partner and proprietor for forty- 
two years. He was born May 31, 1855, at Branford. 

JOHN KALTENSTEIN, Danbury, Connecticut, has been 
engaged in the retail coal business sixteen years and is 
President of the Union Coal Co. He was born in Hungary 
March 20, 1872. 

JAMES E. LALLY, retail coal merchant of Windsor 
Locks, Connecticut, was born in 1878 at Windsor, Connec- 
ticut, and has been in the coal business for four years. 

DANIEL F. LEACH is a retail coal merchant at Windsor 
Locks, Connecticut, and has been in business there for five 
years. He was formerly with L. H. Barrett & Co. He was 
born at Hartford, Connecticut, in December, 1877. 

PETER McDONALD has been in the retail coal business 
for twenty-six years and is President of The Peter Mc- 
Donald Co. at Bethel, Connecticut. He was born December 
15, 1851, at Redding, Connecticut. 

AURELIUS JUDD MEEKER is Treasurer and Director of 
the Meeker Coal Co., Norwalk, Connecticut. He established 
his coal business in 1858 and carried it on formerly as 
Meeker & Benedict and as A. J. Meeker & Bro. Mr. Meeker 
was born at Westport, Connecicut, November 25, 1833. 

CHARLES H. MOORE, Manager C. H. Moore Co., Stafford 
Springs, Connecticut, was born June 24, 1883, in Staffordville, 
Connecticut, and has been in tne coal business seven years. 



JOHN CALVIN MORGAN is the proprietor of the coal 
business of John A. Morgan & Son at Norwich, Connecticut, 
which was established in 1864 by his father. He was born 
in Norwich September 18, 1846. 

ALFRED E. PHELPS is a retail coal merchant at Glas- 
tonbury, Connecticut, who has been in the business for 
over forty years, succeeding his father, Philo F. Phelps. 
He was born at Glastonbury December 2, 1847. 

BENJAMIN B. PHILLIPS owns the business of The Tor- 
rington Coal & Oil Co., Torrington, Connecticut, and has 
been in Torrington thirteen years. He was born at North- 
port, Long Island. September 19, 1867. 

DANIEL J. ROBERTS of Meriden, Conn., is a retail coal 
merchant who has been in the business for twenty-three 
years. He was born at Northampton, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 7. 1862. 

RAYMOND S. ROCKWELL is a member of the firm of 
S. D. Rockwell & Son at Morehouse Point, Connecticut, 
and has been in the business for sixteen years. He was 
born February 15, 1877, at Morehouse Point. 

T. S. ROURKE is a retail coal merchant at Unionville, 
Connecticut, who has been in business there since April, 
1900. He was born at Unionville December 26, 1865. 

JOHN JACOB SCHWARZ, General Manager Schwarz Bros., 
Rockville, Connecticut, was born June 18, 1853, in Rockville 
and has been in the coal business twenty-five years. 

WILLIAM SCHWARZ, junior member of Schwarz Bros., 
Rockville, Connecticut, was born September 12, 1856, in Chi- 
cago, Illinois, and has been in the coal business twenty- 
five years. 

E. H. SHATTUCK is President and Treasurer of the 
Loomis Bros. Co., Granby, Connecticut. He has been 
active in the coal business for over twenty years. He was 
born at Granby June 4, 1874. 

EZEKIEL SPITZ, New London, Connecticut, is sole owner 
of the City Coal Co. and has been in the business for six 
years. He was born in Russia January 11, 1888. 

HOWARD C. THOMPSON is the owner of a retail coal 
business at Plainville, Connecticut, and has carried it on 
successfully for eleven years. He was born at West Avon, 
Connecticut, September 5, 1860. 

GEORGE W. THORPE has been in the retail coal busi- 
ness at West Cheshire, Connecticut, for ten years. He was 
born at Hamden, Connecticut. 

ASA WELLS THURLOUGH, retail coal merchant at Deep 
River, Connecticut, successor to John S. Lane, has been doing 
business since 1900 at the same place on the Connecticut 
River as established in 1865. He was born in Monroe, Maine, 
March 18, 1854. 

HIRAM C. VIETS is a retail coal merchant at East Gran- 
by, Connecticut, and has been in the business for fourteen 
years. He was born at East Granby August 23, 1871. 

ALLEN EDWARD VINCENT, Bridgeport, Connecticut, is 
President and Treasurer of The Vincent Brothers Co., coal 
merchants. He has been in the business for twenty-four 
years. He was born September 4, 1864, at Sherman, Con- 
necticut. 

CHARLES F. WATERBURY is the proprietor of the coal 
business of David Waterbury & Son at Stamford, Connec- 
ticut, and has been in the business for forty-three years. 
He was born May 15, 1855, at Stamford. 

DAVID WATERBURY is Manager of the firm of David 
Waterbury & Son, retail coal merchants, Stamford, Con- 
necticut, and has been connected with the business for 
eighteen years, being the grandson of its founder, who es- 
tablished it forty-three years ago. He is thirty-six years 
old and was born at Stamford. 

REBECCA RUTH WHITE, Bridgeport, Connecticut, has 
been connected with the coal business for twelve years and 
is now bookkeeper for The City Ice & Coal Co. She was 
formerly with The East End Coal Co. and was born at 
Torrington, Connecticut, November 13, 1888. 

J. H. WOOD is Secretary of the W. H. Scott Co., coal 
merchants at Pequabuck, Connecticut, and has been con- 
nected with the business for fifteen years. He was born 
in England September 4. 1879. 

COSMER A. YOUNG, Danielson, Connecticut, is the Presi- 
dent of the Young Brothers Co., coal merchants. He was 
partner formerly in the firm of C. A. Young & Co. and 
has been thirty-one years in the business. He was born 
in 1851 at Danielson, Connecticut. 



224 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



MAINE 



HIM. H. ADAMS, Treasurer The Cash Fuel Co., Portland. 
Maine, was born In Gray, Maine, September 30, 1861, and 
has been in the, coal business for ten years. He has served 
as President of the Portland Coal Club. 

CLARENCE JOHN AVERV of Avery Bros., North Lubec, 
Maine, was born in North Lubec, Maine, November 30, 1870, 
and has been in the coal business for thirteen years. George 
H. Avery is President of the company. 

BOYD BARTLETT, Secretary-Treasurer Castlne Coal Co., 
Castine, Maine, was born in Ellsworth, Maine, January 15 
1864, and has been in the coal business for four years. 

WILLIS I. BICKFORD, Gorham, Maine, Manager of tho 
W. I. Bickford & Son Co., was born at Parsonfleld Novem- 
ber 1, 1851, and has been In the coal business for fourteen 
years. 

GEORGE D. BOl'LTER, Kittery. Maine, was born in 
Tamworth, New Hampshire, June 19, 1864, and has been in 
the coal business for nineteen years. Mr. Boulter takes an 
active part in civic matters as well as operating a success- 
ful retail coal business. 

CHARLES E. BRETT, South Paris, Maine, was born in 
South Paris, Maine, April 3, 1856, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-five years. He was formerly with the 
Arm of Shurtleff & Brett. 

EDWIN L. Ill smell, Treasurer-Manager Gardiner Coal 
& Supply Co., Gardiner, Maine, was born in Passadumkeag, 
Maine, September 25, 1868, and has been in the coal business 
for eight years. 

E. s. CARY of E. S. Cary & Co.. Presque Isle, Maine, was 
born In Howland, New York, July 8, 1859, and has been in 
the coal business for six years. 

JOHN PLRCBLL CULLINAN, Norway, Maine, was born 
In Innes-Clan County, Ireland, December 5, 1862, and has 
been in the retail coal business for twenty-six years. 

EDWIN CUMMINGS of Cummings & Norton, West Jones- 
port, Maine, was born in Columbia, Maine, in January, 1871, 
and has been in the coal business for sixteen years. 

HARVEY W. DUNBAR, Junior member of Dunbar Bros., 
Sullivan, Maine, was born in Sullivan and has been in the 
coal business thirty-two years. He was also one of the 
original incorporators of the Bar Harbor Coal Co.. which 
was afterwards merged with the Clark Coal Co. He still 
retains his interest in the new company. 

MELYIN J. GOOGIN, President-Manager Googin Fuel Co., 
Lcwlston Maine, was born in Old Orchard, Maine, in 1854, 
and has been in the coal business for thirty-six years. Mr. 
Googin has served as President of the Maine Coal Operators' 
Association. 

H. W. GREELEY, Manager of Ayer & Greeley, Oakland, 
Maine, was born in Mt. Vernon, Maine, December 30, 1857, 
and has been in the coal business for thirty-six years. 

CLYDE BARTLETT HOLMES, President, Treasurer and 
General Manager Consumers Fuel Co., Belfast. Maine, was 
born in Waldo, Maine, May 27, 1884, and has been in the 
coal business for eight years. 

WILLIAM H. HOOPER, President Castine Coal Co.. Cas- 
tine, Maine, was born in Castine, Maine, December 18, 1865, 
and has been in the coal business for eighteen years. 

JAMES A. HUS8EY, Manager of the North Berwick Fuel 
Co., North Berwick, Maine, was born in North Berwick. 
Maine, May 28, 1860, and has been in the coal business for 
nine years. 

P. I.AVOIE of the P. Lavoie & Co.. Auburn. Maine, was 
born in Canada and has been in the coal business for about 
six years. 

LI >l \\ KIN<;>I\N LEE, Treasurer-Manager Dover & 
Foxcroft Fuel Co., Foxcroft, Maine, was born in Foxcroft, 
Maine, April 25, 1867, and has been In the coal business for 
twelve years. Mr. I-.ee has served as President of the Maine 
Coal Dealers' Association, Vice President of the New Eng- 
land Coal Dealers' Association and Is one of the leading 
retail coal merchants In the state. 

ANSEL II. I. ELAND, General Manager The Clark Coal Co., 
Bar Harbor, Maine, was born In Bar Harbor April 24, 1861, 
and has been in the coal business eleven years. 

NATHAN C. MeCAlSLAXD. Treasurer-Manager McCaus- 
land Co., Old Town, Maine, was born In Detroit, Maine, 
August 14, 1846, and has been In the coal business for twen- 
ty-four years. 

Ill \NK S. MILLIKEN of the firm of B. F. Milllken & Son. 
Eastport. Maine, was born In Eastport June 7. 1854. and hag 
been in the coal business covering a period of twenty years. 
B. F. Milllken. father of Prank S.. died In 1913. 



J. H. MOI'XTFORT, Portland, Maine, was born in North 
Yarmouth, Maine, February 5, 1857, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-eight years. He is one of the well- 
known retailers of Maine. 

ULYSSES C. NORTON of Cummings & Norton, West 
Jonesport, Maine, was born In Jonesport in August, 1873, 
and has been in the coal business for about sixteen years. 

LAFOREST V. PRESCOTT, Wilton, Maine, was born in 
Dixfield, Maine, April 10, 1872, and has been In the coal 
business for five years. 

JAMES B. PULSIFER. President and General Manager 
Pulsifer & Young, Auburn Maine, was born in Auburn, 
Maine, October 7. 1875, and has been in the coal business for 
twelve years. Mr. Pulsifer is Vice President of the Maine 
Coal Dealers' Association. 

HEBERT L. SHEPHERD, Rockport, Maine, President of 
the S. E. & H. L. Shepherd Co., was born in Rockport, Maine, 
June 10, 1850, and has been in the coal business for some 
forty odd years. Mr. Shepherd is also Interested in the 
Camden Yacht Building & Railway Co., Camden, Maine, 
and was formerly with •the Merriam & Shepherd and 
Shepherd-Jones companies, Rockport, Maine. 

WILLIS H. SOULE, Freeport. Maine, was born in Freeport 
February 14, 1859, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty-one years. 

FRED ROBINSON SPEAR, Rockland, Maine, was born In 
Rockland September 30, 1856, and has been in the coal 
business forty-six years. Mr. Spear is proprietor of the 
pioneer coal yard in the city of Rockland, having succeeded 
in 1881 his father, Alfred K. Spear, who established the 
business in 1861. Mr. Spear is a member of the Executive 
Committee of the New England Coal Dealers Association. 

MRS. MARY BARNARD STINCHFIELD. Skowhegan, 
Maine, was born in Skowhegan, Maine, July 25, 1875, and has 
been in the coal business for eight years, succeeding her 
husband, W. M. Stinchfield, deceased. 

GILBERT STOCKTON, Superintendent Pocahontas Fuel 
Co., Inc., Portland, Maine, was born in Buffalo, New York, 
February 14, 1889, and has been in the coal business for 
four years. He studied mining engineering at Lehigh Uni- 
versity, South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, finishing there In 
1909, and then took a post-graduate course in mining engi- 
neering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Bos- 
ton, completing it in 1910. He is a member of Squadron A. 
Club, New York, the Cumberland Club and Portland Country 
Club, Portland, Maine. On September 15, 3915, in Buffalo, 
New York, he married Rebecca Rodman Shreve of San 
Mateo, California. 

ALBERT W. WALKER, President A. W. Walker & Son, 
Inc.. South Paris, Maine, was born in Portland, Maine, April 
6, 1853, and has been in the coal business in Maine for 
twenty-six years. Percy M. Walker is the junior member 
of the firm. He was born in 1878. 

FRED A. WALLS, Manager of John T. R. Freeman Estate, 
South West Harbor. Maine, was born in South West Harbor, 
Maine, June 30, 1888, and has been in the coal business for 
five years. 

ELMER E. WENTWORTH, Springvale, Maine, was born 
April 23, 1862, and has been in the coal business for eight 
years. 

OVONDO P. WH1TTIER. Farmington, Maine, was born In 
Vienna, Maine, January 6, 1850, and has been In the coal 
business for sixteen years. 

FRANK S. WING ATE, Hallowell, Maine, was born in Hal- 
lowell and has been in the coal business twenty-six years. 
This business was established in 1842 by George F. Wlngate, 
father of Frank S., and was the first firm to handle coal In 
that part of the state. Mr. Wingate has served as President 
of the Maine Coal Dealers' Association. 



MASSACHUSETTS — Boston 



LEWIS III HNIIAM, President Suffolk Coal Co., 178 Bor- 
der St., East Boston. Massachusetts, was born April 23, 
1844, at Essex, Massachusetts, and has been in the coal 
business for sixteen years. 

ARNOLD B. CROSBY of the Suffolk Coal Co, East Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, has been in the coal business in Boston 
and vicinity for nearly thirty years. 

DANIEL F. DOHERTY, Manager of the D. Doherty Co.. 
220 Freeport St., Boston, Massachusetts, was born April 16, 
1861, In Boston, and has been In the coal business twenty- 
seven years. 



225 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



ROBERT H. GROSS, President The New River Co., 85 
Devonshire St., Boston, Massachusetts, was born December 
28, 1864, at Pine Run, Michigan, and has been in the coal 
business for eight years. 

CHARLES P. HUTCHINS, Treasurer of William C. At- 
water Co. of Boston, Massachusetts, was born April 14, 
1863, at Hartford, Vermont, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for thirty years. 

MAURICE H. KLOIJS, President Staples Coal Co., Boston, 
Massachusetts, was born December 28, 1878, in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, and has been in the coal business twenty 
years. He is also a Director of the Metropolitan Coal Co. 
and the Maritime Coaling Co. and was formerly President 
of the Boston Coal Co. and the Union Fuel Co. He is Ex- 
ecutive Secretary of the Boston Fuel Administration, Com- 
mittee of Distribution. 

WILLIAM E. MACtlRDA, Treasurer Garfield & Proctor 
Coal Co., 92 State St., Boston, Massachusetts, was born in 
Clinton, Massachusetts, in 1864, and has been in the coal 
business thirty-four years. Mr. Macurda has also various 
other retail interests. 

WILLIAM R. MeDONALD, Eastern Sales Agent Williams 
& Peters, Boston, Massachusetts, was born September 9, 
1868, at Gloucester, Massachusetts, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-nine years. He was formerly with 
William A. Mehaffey. 

H. P. MYERS, Eastern Sales Agent of the Lehigh Valley 
Coal Sales Co., 141 Milk St., Boston, Massachusetts, was 
born in 1853 at Boston and has been in the coal business 
for over forty-seven years. Mr. Myers was formerly con- 
nected with Weld, Rice & Co., Weld, Sherwin & Co., Phila- 
delphia & Reading Coal & Iron Co., and Quintard, Ward, 
Allen & Co. 

FRANK S. PRATT, wholesale coal merchant at 35 Con- 
gress St., Boston, Massachusetts, was born March 6, 1851, 
at Boston, and has been in the coal business for thirty- 
two years. Mr. Pratt specializes in Pennsylvania bitumi- 
nous coals. 

FRAXKLIJi WALTER, Treasurer of the Coastwise Coal 
Co., with offices at 113 State Street, Boston, Massachusetts, 
has been in the coal business for the past twenty-five years. 



MASSACHUSETTS — Springfield 



MELVILLE S. CONVERSE, Treasurer of the M. S. Con- 
verse Co. of Springfield, Massachusetts, was born at Monson, 
Massachusetts, December 26, 1857, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-seven years. He was formerly con- 
nected with Converse & Nason and M. S. Converse of West- 
boro, Massachusetts. 

CHARLES J. DAVIS, Sales Agent of the Lehigh Coal & 
Navigation Co. at Springfield, Massachusetts, was born in 
Boston, Massachusetts, on September 28, 1880, and has been 
in the coal business for twenty years. Mr. Davis was for- 
merly connected with Williams & Peters. 

CHARLES E. HALSTEAD, Vice President and a Director of 
the M. S. Converse Co. of Springfield, Massachusetts, was 
born at Hillsdale, New York, in 1850 and has been in the 
coal business thirty-one years. Mr. Halstead was formerly 
connected with Halstead & Pierson of Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and has been Treasurer of the Retail Coal Dealers 
Association of New England States for nearly ten years. 

ROSCOE R. MOODY, President of the Clifty Consolidated 
Coal Co., Inc., of Springfield, Massachusetts, was born at 
Greenville, Tennessee, on June 14, 1869, and has been in the 
coal business for nine years. The mines of this company 
are located at Clifty, Tennessee, and Clay, Kentucky, with 
main office at Nashville, Tennessee, and executive office at 
Springfield, Massachusetts. Mr. Moody is also head of the 
banking firm of Moody Bros. & Co. of Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts. 

WILLIAM G. TAIT, President of the Tait Coal Co., of 
Springfield, Massachusetts, was born at Chicopee, Massachu- 
setts, on September 24, 1873, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness a quarter of a century. Mr. Tait is one of the well- 
known retail coal merchants of New England. 



MASSACHUSETTS — Worcester 



FREDERICK J. DANIELS is Salesman for the Wm. E. 

Marks Coal Co., Worcester, Mass. He was formerly with the 
United Coal Co., Darrow, Mann & Co., and A. H. Powell & 
Co. He has been connected with the coal business for twenty- 
aix years. He was born at Oxford, Massachusetts, in 1854. 



JOSEPH WILSON GORMAN, President of the Gorman- 
Leonard Coal Co., of Worcester, Massachusetts, was born in 
1875, and has been in the coal business seventeen years. 
He is also interested in the Riverside Coal Mining Co., Riv- 
erside Coal Co., Kennebec Coal & Wharf Co., Center Coal 
Mining Co., and Stine Coal Mining Co. He was formerly 
connected with the Worcester Coal Co. and M. C. Boyd & Bro. 

WILFRED J. HAMEL, Treasurer and Manager Greendale 
Coal Co., Worcester, Massachusetts, was born in Warren, 
Massachusetts, October 13, 1864, and has been in the coal 
business six years. 

WILLIAM E. MARKS, proprietor of the Wm. E. Marks 
Coal Co., doing a wholesale business at Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, was born at Port Matilda, Pennsylvania, on Janu- 
ary, 8, 1878, and has been in the coal business for ten years. 
He is also interested in the Mount Airie Coal Mining Co. of 
Mehaffey, Pennsylvania. 



MASSACHUSETTS 



CHARLES G. AKIN, Treasurer of the Akin-Denison Co. 
of New Bedford. Massachusetts, was born in New Bedford 
April 12. 1870. and has been in the coal business twenty- 
five years. He was formerly connected with F. T. Akin & 
Co. 

JAMES ANDERSON, proprietor of James Anderson & Co. 
of Ware, Massachusetts, was born at Ovid, Seneca County, 
New York, June 1, 1852, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-three years. He was formerly connected with 
Gilbert & Anderson. His son, James H. Anderson, is a 
yeoman in the I nited States Navy. 

JOHN E. ARNOLD, retail coal merchant of Adams, Mas- 
sachusetts, was born in Adams August IS, 1868, and has 
been in the coal business for the past eight years. He was 
formerly connected with the firm of Cook & Arnold. 

FRED L. ATKINSON, Treasurer of the Atkinson Coal Co. 
of Newburyport, Massachusetts, was born at Charleston, 
Maine, in 1856 and has been in the coal business for thirty- 
four years. 

JOHN H. BALCH, JR., a retailer of Newburyport, Massa- 
chusetts, was born at Newburyport in 1866 and has been in 
the coal business for a quarter of a century. He is a mem- 
ber of the Advisory Committee of the New England Coal 
Dealers' Association. 

CHARLES S. BARBER, retail coal merchant of Bernards- 
ton, Massachusetts,' was born August 22, 1852, at Rowe, 
Massachusetts, and has been in the coal business for himself 
for over twenty years. 

STANLEY F. BARTON, a clerk with the Luther Paul Co. 
of Newton Center, Massachusetts, was born at Tunbridge 
Wells, England, on December 14, 1878, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty years. 

LAFOREST BEALS, member of the firm of E. A. Wilson 
& Co. of Lowell, Massachusetts, was born in North Anson, 
Maine, on September 12, 1868, and has been in the coal 
business since 1893. Mr. Beals has been active in the civic, 
social and fraternal life of his community. 

OVILA BEAPCHAMP, a retailer of Holyoke, Massachu- 
setts, was born in Canada on May 28, 1875, and has been in 
the coal business for twelve years. He is also interested in 
the charcoal industry. 

LAUKIN E. BENNETT, retail coal merchant of Wakefield, 
Massachusetts, was born in Sandwich, New Hampshire, 
November 29, 1864, and has been in the coal business twenty 
years. He was formerly Treasurer of the Moore & Bennett 
Coal Co. of Lowell, Massachusetts, but sold out his interests 
before the consolidation of his company with others in 
Lowell. In 1902 he purchased the coal business, real estate 
and property of Charles A. Cheney of Wakefield, Massachu- 
setts, and has conducted a successful business ever since. 

EUGENE B. BLAKE, a retail coal merchant of Greenfield, 
Massachusetts, was born at Hill, New Hampshire, on De- 
cember 5, 1845, and has been in the coal business for him- 
self for twenty-five years. 

EDWIN D. BRIGHAM, a retail coal merchant at Ashburn- 
ham, Massachusetts, was born at Marlboro, Massachusetts, 
November 13, 1850, and has been in the coal business for 
himself for thirty-two years. 

FRANK R. BIRR, President and General Manager of 
The Burr Co. of Ludlow, Massachusetts, was born in Lud- 
low on December 10, 1883, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for fifteen years. 



226 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOSEPH 111 TI.KH, a handler of coal at retail at Stone- 
ham, Massachusetts, was horn at Nov:i Scotia, Canada, June 
19, 1869, and has been In the coal business for ten years. 

i.i »TAV E. IARSTEIN, President of the Carsteln Coal 
Co. of Cambridge. Massachusetts, was born in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, on July 24, 1881, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for thirteen years. 

FRED DWIGHT CARV, President of the Kimball & Cary 
Co. of Northampton, Massachusetts, was born at Northamp- 
ton on April 27. 1886, and has been in the coal business for 
six years. This firm was established in 1881 and incorpo- 
rated in 1896. Stuart M. Campbell is Secretary and Treas- 
urer of the company. 

JMIKS KDW \HD t'HADWICK, a retail coal merchant of 
Edgartown, Massachusetts, was born at Edgartown on 
March 16, 1868, where he has been in the coal business for 
twenty-nine years. 

AI.KKKI) H. IHVKFKE, President of Chaffee Brothers Co., 
Oxford, Massachusetts, was born in Oxford August IS, 1859, 
and has been in the coal business twenty years. 

HlvMIV W. CHANDLER. Treasurer and Manager of the 
Whitman Grain & Coal Co. of Whitman, Massachusetts, was 
born at Duxbury, Massachusetts, October 16, 1870, and has 
been in the coal business for thirty years. 

WILLIAM E. CHENERY, retail coal merchant of Fram- 
ingham Centre, Massachusetts, was born at Medfleld, Massa- 
chusetts, on March 1. 1859, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for thirty-four years. 

LOUIS ALFHIC I'HI'TE, a member of the Arm of Cum- 
mings & Chute of Woburn, Massachusetts, was born at 
Woburn December 24, 1885, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for fifteen years. 

WILLIAM H. CLKJIKXTS, President of Wm. H. Clements 
Co. of North Easton, Massachusetts, was born at Quincy, 
Massachusetts, on August 1, 1854, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty years. He was formerly connected 
with the Goward Coal & Ice Co. 

ALBKRT F. CONANT of Conant & Co., Littleton, Massa- 
chusetts, was born in Acton, Massachusetts, on June 8, 
1843, and has been in the coal business almost half a century. 
His associates in business are Everett Kimball and Charles 
K. Houghton. 

GEORGE H. COOPKR of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, was 
born at Lee, Massachusetts, on August 15, 1867, and for 
ral years was associated with W. G. Morton of Albany, 
New York. He was President of the New England Retail 
Coal Dealers Association, was prominently identified with 
the Order KoKoal, and is editor of "Cooperostties." Mr. 
Cooper has also specialized in advertising and the sale of 
real estate. 

i i LSWOH in .1. cu LLEN. proprietor of the Danvers Coal 
Co. of Danvers, Massachusetts, was born in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, on May 12, 1890, and has been in the coal business 
for ten years. He was formerly connected with the Somer- 
ville Coal Co. 

J. WATLAMJ DAVEXPORT, founder of J. H. Davenport 
& Son, a retail firm at Winchendon. Massachusetts, was 
born at West Boyleston. Massachusetts, July 4, 1853, and 
has been in the coal business for almost half a century. 

STEARNES L. DAVEXPORT, proprietor of S. L. Daven- 
port & Son of North Grafton, Massachusetts, was born at 
Providence, Rhode Island, on June 14, 1854 and has been 
in the coal business for iiiteen years. 

EDGAR HtXT DEAXE, a veteran retail coal merchant of 
Canton, Massachusetts, was born in Canton, Massachusetts. 
on October 22, 1846, and has been in the coal business for 
thirty-six years. 

t.KORGE H. DEGENKOLR, Treasurer of the Hoosac Valley 
Coal & Grain Co., Adams, Massachusetts, was born in Adams 
November 18, 1885, and has been in the coal business eleven 
re, having been connected formerly with Oliver A. Up- 
ton. 

JOHN DEIVTON, retail coal merchant, Chelsea, klaaaaohn- 
■etts, was born In Birmingham, England, in 1868, and has 
been in the coal business twenty-four years. 

GEORGE O. DIXX'ELL, a retail coal merchant of North- 
field, Massachusetts, was born at Colerain, Massachusetts, 
on March 4, 1869, and has been in the coal business for ten 
years. He has taken his son, F. Myron Dunnell, Into part- 
nership with him. 



It. KARL KH'III.EH, President and General Manager of 
tin- W'altham Coal Co. of Waltham, Massachusetts, was born 
at Waltham on September 11, 1888, and has been in the coal 
business for eleven years. He is also interested as Presi- 
dent in the Nonantum Coal Co. of Newton, Massachusetts, 
and Treasurer of the Weston Coal Co. of Weston, Massa- 
chusetts. Mr. Elchler was formerly Vice President of the 
Suburban Coal Club. 

Al Gi STI s c. ELLIS, retail coal merchant of Chatham, 
Massachusetts, was born in Chatham on September 3, 1880, 
and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

ELBRIDGE O. ELLIS, a retail coal merchant of South- 
bridge, Massachusetts, was born in Charlton, Massachusetts, 
in 1855, and has been in the coal business for a quarter of 
a century. He was formerly associated with 10. S. Ellis, his 
father, who established the business in 1878. 

EUGENE S. EARNUH, a well-known coal merchant of 
Uxbridge, Massachusetts, was formerly connected with Wm. 
Nichols & Co.. Gregory C. Kelly & Co., O'Boyle-Fay Coal 
Co. and Pittston Coal Co. He was born at Uxbridge, Janu- 
ary 14, 1860, and has been in the coal business for thirty-one 
years. 

FREDERICK W. FARRAR, a retailer at Warren, Massa- 
chusetts, was born at Keene, New Hampshire, in 1849 and 
has been in the coal business for thirty-nine years. 

FRAXK A. FISHER, retail coal merchant of Walpole, 
Massachusetts, was born at Walpole on December 16, 1867. 
and has been in the coal business for thirty years. 

WILBUR WARREN FISK, proprietor of Wilbur W. Fisk 
& Co., of Stoneham, Massachusetts, was born at Marlboro, 
Massachusetts, on November 25, 1877, and has been in the 
coal business for twelve years. 

OTHO H. FISKE, a retailer of Huntington, Massachusetts, 
was born in Chester, Massachusetts, on August 29, 1866, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty years. 

ALBERT H. FOSTER, a retailer of North Brookfield, 
Massachusetts, was born at New Braintree, Massachusetts, 
on November 12, 1839, and has been in the coal business 
for himself for thirty-seven years. 

FREDERICK E. ERASER, Manager of the Charles Fraser 
Estate, Clinton, Massachusetts, was born at Clinton, Massa- 
chusetts, on August 7. 1863, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twenty-eight years. 

PRYOR FULTON, proprietor of the New England Coal Co., 
of Waltham, Massachusetts, was born in Nova Scotia, Can- 
ada, December 10, 1859, and has been in the coal business 
for a quarter of a century. Mr. Fulton was one of the 
founders of the New England Coal Dealers' Association. 
He is a firm believer in trade organizations. 

JAMES GRADY, a retail coal merchant of Williamstown, 
Massachusetts, was born in Pownal, Vermont, July 8. 1861, 
having been in the coal business thirty-five years. He was 
formerly associated with Fred Mather and Clark & Co. 

WALTER L. HALE, a retail coal merchant of Wilming- 
ton. Massachusetts, was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, 
February 13, 1879, and has been in the coal business seven 
years. 

GEORGE M. HALL, proprietor of the Benson Coal Co. of 
Melrose, Massachusetts, was born at Rockland, Maine, on 
June 19, 1851, and has been in the coal business since 1871. 

JOHN J. HARRIGAN, retail coal merchant of Beverly, 
Massachusetts, was born May 4, 1864, at Cork, Ireland, and 
has been in the coal business for over a quarter of a cen- 
tury. 

FREDERICK HERDER, a retail coal merchant of Hol- 
yoke, Massachusetts, was born in New York on August 17, 
1873, and has been identified with the charcoal business for 
fifteen years and has handled coal for the past three years. 

BENNIE E. HILL, a retail coal merchant of Methuen, 
Massachusetts, was born in Methuen November 20, 1872, 
and has been in business for two years. 

JESSE M. HOLDER, junior member of Holder Coal Co. 
of Lynn. Massachusetts, was born in Lynn February 9, 1874, 
and has been In the coal business for twenty-five years. 
He was formerly connected with Holder & Breed, Wm. C. 
Holder & Son, and Honors, Holder & Sons. 

JOHN A. Hoi.iiiiook, retailer at Ashland, Massachusetts, 
was born at Belllngham, Massachusetts, July 28, 1852, and 
has been In the coal business for twenty-seven years. 

WILLIAM C. HOLDER, senior member of the Holder 
Coal Co. of Lynn, Massachusetts, was born at Washington, 
New Hampshire, on March 7, 1841, and has been in the coal 
business for half a century. He was formerly connected 
with Holder & Breed. Wm. C. Holder & Son, and Honors, 
Holder & Sons. 



227 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOHN B. HULL, a retailer at Great Barrington, Massa- 
chusetts, was born at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, on July 
17, 1871, and has been in the coal business for over twenty 
years. Mr. Hull has been active in politics, having been 
Senator and Representative at Massachusetts General Court 
for five years. 

MBS. CLARABELLE W. JEJiNEV of Middleboro, Massa- 
chusetts, was born at Lakeville, Massachusetts, in 1865 and 
has been handling the retail coal business of the James L. 
Jenney Estate for four years. She is one of the enter- 
prising women in the coal business. 

CHESTER B. KENDALL, veteran retail coal merchant of 
Gardner, Massachusetts, was born October 18, 1842, at Hub- 
bardstown, Massachusetts, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness almost half a century. 

AUGUST J. KIENLE, Manager A. J. Kienle Coal Co., East- 
hampton, Massachusetts, was born in South Hadley Falls, 
Massachusetts, July 8, 1859, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness twenty-three years. He was formerly connected with 
Burt & Kienle. 

JOHN KILLEN, a retailer at Nantucket, Massachusetts, 
was born in Great Britain, April 7, 1847, and has been in 
the coal business for twenty-seven years. 

HERBERT A. KNIGHT, proprietor of A. T. Knight Co., 
Hudson, Massachusetts, was born in Marlboro, Massachu- 
setts, August 16, 1876, and has been in the coal business 
since 1899. 

ERNEST T. LABOSSILIE, bookkeeper for the Ware Coal 
Co. of Ware, Massachusetts, was born in Ware October 2, 
1894, and has been in the coal business two years. 

MICHAEL E. LEAHY, proprietor of the Randolph Coal 
Co. of Randolph, Massachusetts, was born at Randolph 
November 22, 1875, and has been in the coal business for 
about twenty years. 

CHARLES T. LEIAVITT, a retailer of East Weymouth, 
Massachusetts, was born July 21, 1857, at Hingham, Massa- 
chusetts, and has been in the coal business for thirteen 
years. 

VICTORIEN LECLERC, a retailer of Lawrence, Massa- 
chusetts, was born in Dorchester County, Canada, March 
21, 1872, and has been in the coal business for eighteen 
years. 

WILLIAM EDWARD LIVINGSTON, President of Wm. E. 
Livingston Co. of Lowell, Massachusetts, was born in 
Lowell on June 25, 1832, and has been in the coal business 
for sixty-seven years. This firm was established in 1828 
and occupies its original site, thus being one of the oldest 
retail coal firms in the United States. 

CHARLES L. LOVELL, a retail coal merchant of Ipswich, 

Massachusetts, was born in East Boston, Massachusetts, on 

October 31, 1878, and has been in the coal business for 
himself for eight years. 

CHARLES J. MAC LEAN, formerly New England agent 
Frederic A. Potts & Co. at Salem, Massachusetts, was born 
at Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, in 1873, and has been in the 
coal business for eight years. 

JOHN A. MARTIN, Treasurer and Manager of the John 
S. Martin Co. of Marblehead, Massachusetts, was born at 
Marblehead on February 1, 1857, and has been In the coal 
business for thirty-one years. 

NATHAN H. MATTHEWS, a retailer at Yarmouthport, 
Massachusetts, was born in Yarmouthport October 19, 1850, 
and has been in the coal business for nineteen years, for- 
merly being connected with Matthews & Payne. 

DANIEL MCCARTHY, a retailer of Turners Falls, Massa- 
chusetts, was born at Bellows Falls, Vermont, in 1856 and 
has been in the coal business for himself thirty years. 

JOHN H. McENANY, a retailer of Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts, was born at Pittsfield on June 10, 1874, and has been 
in the coal business for fifteen years. He was formerly 
connected with C. C. Gamwell and Stone & Co. 

JAMES H. McGRADY, proprietor of the James H. McGrady 
Coal Co. of Lawrence, Massachusetts, was born in Law- 
rence on December 21, 1883, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for five years. 

JOHN C. McNALLY, proprietor of the Shawmut Coal Co. 
of Somerville, Massachusetts, was born in New York City 
on March 20, 1886, and has been in the coal business for 
six years. 

FRED A. McNEELAND, Treasurer and Manager of the 
Bridgewater Ice & Coal Co., Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 
was born September 25, 1877, in Bridgewater, and has been 
in the coal business for over twelve years. 



FRANK P. MILLS, General Manager of the G. F. Green 
Coal Co. at Brockton, Massachusetts, was born October 18, 
1862, at Augusta, Maine, and has been in the coal business 
for twenty-four years. 

JOHN L. MITCHELL, retail coal merchant of Allerton. 
Massachusetts, was born November 15, 1859, at Hull, Mas- 
sachusetts, and has been in the coal business at Allerton 
for the past twenty years. 

CORNELIUS MURPHY, President and Treasurer of 
Stoughton Coal & Ice Co. of Stoughton, Massachusetts, was 
born in Ireland, January 1, 1848, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-five years. 

DAVID A. NELSON of the retail firm of Noyes & Nelson, 
Avon, Massachusetts, was born in Sweden October 8, 1883, 
and has been in the coal business for four years. 

DE CLINTON NICHOLS, a retailer of Southboro, Massa- 
chusetts, was born in Southboro August 13, 1846, and has 
been in the coal business for nine years. 

WILBERT JAMES NICHOLS, a retailer of North Adams, 
Massachusetts, was born at North Adams in 1864, and has 
been in the coal business since January 1, 1892. 

EDWARD P. NOYES of Noyes & Nelson, retail coal mer- 
chants of Avon, Massachusetts, was born at Randolph, Mas- 
sachusetts, February 1, 1858, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twenty-three years. 

JOSEPH E. OBER, founder and senior member of Jos. E. 
Ober & Son, a retail firm at West Medford, Massachusetts, 
was born at Hollis, New Hampshire, on June 23, 1834, and 
has been in the coal business for almost forty years. His 
son, William E. Ober, is now associated with him in busi- 
ness. 

WILLIAM E. OBER, junior member of Jos. E. Ober & Son 
of Medford, Massachusetts, was born at Arlington, Massa- 
chusetts, on June 17, 1867, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twenty-five years. 

JAMES P. O'NEILL, a retailer at Somerville, Massachu- 
setts, with two yards, was born at Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
on August 21, 1873, and has been in the coal business for al- 
most twenty-five years. He is assisted by his three broth- 
ers, John J., Bernard L. and Lawrence J. O'Neill. 

WALTER S. OSBORNE, a retailer of Edgartown, Massa- 
chusetts, was born at Edgartown on October 25, 1859, and 
has been in business for himself for thirty-four years. He 
has a well equipped yard and water front plant. 

MABCUS E. OSGOOD, proprietor of E. Osgood & Son of 
Gardner, Massachusetts, was born October 15, 1869, at Gard- 
ner, where he has been in business for twenty-eight years. 
This firm was established in 1859 by Mr. Osgood's father, 
who died in 1910. 

EMEBSON HEABD PACKABD, Managing Partner of El- 
mer C. Packard Co., Brockton, Massachusetts, was born 
October 25, 1884, at Brockton, Massachusetts, and has been 
in the coal business for six years. This firm, established 
for over sixty years, being founded by Ellis Packard, de- 
scended to Elmer C. Packard and then to Emerson H. 
Packard. 

WALTEB L. PALMEB, President and Treasurer of W. L. 
Palmer Co. of Medway, Massachusetts, born at Plainfield, 
Connecticut, on April 23, 1857, has been in the coal business 
for thirty-five years and was formerly connected with 
Hitchcock & Palmer at Turner- Falls, Massachusetts. 

HABBY L. PABKHURST, a retailer at Chelmsford, Massa- 
chusetts, was born February 22, 1865, at Chelmsford, Massa- 
chusetts, and has been in business for himself for thirty-two 
years. 

FRANK SMITH PATCH, President and Treasurer of Cyrus 
Patch & Son, Inc., of Quincy, Massachusetts, was born at 
Amherst, New Hampshire, on January 26, 1860, and has 
been in the coal business for forty years. 

LOUIS E. PATTISON, a retail coal merchant of Webster, 
Massachusetts, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, en De- 
cember 30, 1843, and has been in the coal business for him- 
self for forty-two years. 

IKVING C. PAUL, Treasurer and Manager of the Luther 
Paul Co. of Newton Center, Massachusetts, was born at 
Newton Center on June 29, 1876, and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-two years. 

WILLIAM H. PEVEAB, President and Treasurer of W. H. 
Pevear & Co., Inc., of Watertown, Massachusetts, was born 
at Watertown on January IS, 1850, and has been in the coal 
business since 1868. Mr. Pevear was formerly connected 
with Royal Gilkey and Pevear & Russell. 

CHARLES A. POOKE, proprietor of the Union Lumber Co. 
of Natick, Massachusetts, was born at Charlestown. Massa- 
chusetts, May 14, 1853, and has been in the coal business 
almost half a century. 



228 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



KHKH E. POOR of Marcy Bros. & Co., Inc., of Belmont, 
Massachusetts, was born In Belmont July 31, 1876, and has 
been In the coal business for twelve years. 

DAVID W. POWERS, proprietor of D. W. Powers & Co. 
of Marlboro, Massachusetts, was born at Johnsonvllle, New 
York, March 7, 1861, and has been In the coal trade for 
twenty years, and prior to that time In the railroad busi- 
ness. 

JOHN H. PRESTON, Manager of the Preston Coal & Coke 
Co. of Lowell, Massachusetts, was born In Manchester, 
New Hampshire, on August 25, 1881, and has been In the 
coal business for fifteen years. He was formerly connected 
with the Moore & Preston Coal Co. of Manchester, New 
Hampshire. 

JOHN A. II \l>( 111 I i). Manager of The Albert Culver Co. 
of Rockland, Massachusetts, was born at Rockland In Sep- 
tember, 1866, and has been in the coal business for eleven 
years. 

FREDERICK M. RAND, Manager branch office of Philips, 
Bates & Co. of Marshfleld, Massachusetts, was born at 
North Reading, Massachusetts, August 24, 1869, and has 
been in the coal business for twenty-two years. 

RALPH W. REDMAN, President The Fischer-Churchill Co., 
Dedham, Massachusetts, was born in North Isleboro, Maine, 
June 15. 1868, and has been in the retail coal business 
twenty-six years. 

ARTIUH B. REED, proprietor of the E. P. Reed Lumber 
Co. of North Abington, Massachusetts, was born at North 
Abington on September 8, 1867, and has been in the coal 
business for eight years. This business was established in 
1846 by A. S. Reed, his grandfather. 

CHARLES EDWIN RILEY, part owner of W. H. Riley & 
Son, a retail firm at North Attleboro, Massachusetts, was 
born at North Attleboro on November 17, 1861, and has 
been in the coal business for thirty years. Mr. Riley is 
also interested in the Attleboro Coal Co. of Attleboro, Mas- 
sachusetts. His business associate Is his brother, Elmer 
Irving Riley, twelve years his senior. 

CHARLES F. ROBINSON, Secretary and Assistant Treas- 
urer of the Robinson & Jones Co. of Natick, Massachusetts, 
was born at Natick on August 15, 1875, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty years. Mr. Robinson is a life 
member of three Masonic orders. He is a son of Walter B. 
Robinson. 

FRANK II. ROBINSON, Vice President of the Robinson & 
Jones Co. of Natick, Massachusetts, was born at Natick on 
November 24, 1885, having been associated with this com- 
pany for ten years. He is a son of Walter B. Robinson and 
a member of the Boston Chamber of Commerce. 

WALTER B. ROBINSON, President and Treasurer of the 
Robinson & Jones Co. of Natick, Massachusetts, was born 
September 20, 1846, in Bedford, Massachusetts, and has been 
in the coal business for over fifty years. Mr. Robinson is 
connected with the Natick Five-Cent Savings Bank and is 
a member of the Boston Chamber of Commerce as well as 
having been Auditor of the New England Coal Dealers' Asso- 
ciation. 

FRED H. ROl'RKE, a retailer of Lowell, Massachusetts, 
was born in Lowell on May 23, 1867, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-five years. He was previously 
connected with Rourke & Sullivan and is Treasurer of 
Lowell at the present time. 

BYRON H. SARGENT, sole owner of the Sargent Coal 
Co. of Merrimac, Massachusetts, was born in Merrimac on 
February 26, 1882 and has been doing a retail business for 
eighteen years. 

JOHN F. SEVERANCE, a retailer of Shelburne Falls. 
Massachusetts, was born at Shelburne Falls on January 24, 
1835, and has been in the coal business for almost thirty 
years. 

GEORGE arms SHELDON, a well-known retailer at 
Greenfield, Massachusetts, was born at Greenfield on July 
16, 1872, and has been In the coal business for thirteen 
years. He is also Treasurer of the New England Coal Deal- 
ers' Association, Inc. 

Illlilllin D. SMITH, a retail coal merchant of Hatfield, 
Massachusetts, was born at Hadley, Massachusetts, on April 
30, 1867, and has been In the coal business for himself for 
seventeen years. 

WILLIAM H. SNVDER. a retailer of Housatonlc. Massa- 
chusetts, was born in Chatham, New York, on December 8, 
1881. and has been In the coal business for himself for 
thirty-seven years. 



WILLIS G. SNYDER, a retail coal merchant of North 
Adams, Massachusetts, was born at North Adams, October 
12, 1863, and has been in the coal business almost thirty 
years. Mr. Snyder was formerly associated with F. A. 
Brooks and W. G. Snyder & Co. 

NELSON R. STILES, Manager of the Saugus Coal Co. of 
Saugus, Massachusetts, was born at Middleton, Massachu- 
setts, in 1852, and has been in the coal business for forty 
years. He was in business for himself for thirty-six years, 
until coming with the above firm. , 

PERCY N. SWEETSER, a retailer of Reading, Massachu- 
setts, was born at Wakefield, Massachusetts, on June 20, 
1882, and has been in the coal business eighteen years. 
He was formerly connected with Edward M. Alden of Boston. 

HENRY L. TAYLOR, proprietor of H. L. Taylor & Co., 
Haverhill, Massachusetts, was born at Haverhill on May 14, 
1878, and has been in the coal business for over sixteen 
years. 

WILLIAM J. THOMPSON, President of the Thompson Coal 
Co. of Somerville, Massachusetts, was born at Somerville, 
April 23, 1871, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
three years. He was formerly associated with Robert Faw- 
cett of Cambridge, Massachusetts. Louis Ernst is Treasurer 
of the company. 

JOSEPH P. TYRRELL, a retail coal merchant of Sheffield, 
Massachusetts, was born at Egremont, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 1, 1872, and has been in the coal business for four 
years. 

HENRY W. WARE, a retail coal merchant of Shelburne 
Falls, Massachusetts, was born in Shelburne Falls Decem- 
ber 7, 1873, and has been in the coal business twenty-two 
years. 

SUSAN RICHARDS WAHTHEN. sole owner of Augustus 
J. Richards & Son, a retail firm doing business at Weymouth, 
Massachusetts, was born March 9, 1871, and has been active 
in the coal business twenty-two years, succeeding her father 
and two brothers since their demise. 

GEORGE M. WEBBER, retailer of East Bridgewater, 
Massachusetts, was born October 18, 1871, at East Bridge- 
water. Massachusetts, where he has been a retail coal mer- 
chant for thirteen years. 

HENRY COWLES WELLS, a retail coal merchant of Deer- 
field, Massachusetts, was born in Deerfield December 20, 
1862. and has been in the coal business for himself for 
twenty years. 

HERMAN J. 'WELLS, Manager and Treasurer of the Geo. 
F. Welch Co. of Scituate, Massachusetts, was born at 
Huntington, New York, May 29, 1865, and has been in the 
coal business for ten years. He was formerly connected 
with Wells & Jennings of Greenport. New York. 

FRANK A. 'WHITING, late Treasurer and Manager of the 
Holyoke Coal & Wood Co. of Holyoke, Massachusetts, was 
born in Holyoke April 7, 1856, and was in the coal business 
for thirty-two years, until his death. May 5, 1918. He was 
a member of the Executive Committee of the New England 
Coal Dealers' Association and one of the well-known retail- 
ers of New England. 

ALVIN L. WILEY, a retailer at Wellfleet, Massachusetts, 
was born in Wellfleet August 6, 1866, and has been in 
the coal business for over fifteen years. He was formerly 
connected with the Mercantile Wharf Co. and also the Cen- 
tral Trading Co. Mr. Wiley states that up to the time of 
his entry into the coal business, coal was always brought to 
his town by vessel, but because of the decline in the sein- 
ing of mackerel the wharves became unfitted for landing 
and all coal has since been received by rail. 

ERWIN A. WILSON, senior member of E. A. Wilson & 
Co. of Lowell, Massachusetts, was born In Pomfret, Ver- 
mont, June 10, 1861, and has been in the coal business for 
thirty years He is President of the Lowell Terminal Co. 
and Vice President of the New England Coal Dealers As- 
sociation, representing Massachusetts, and is considered 
one of the leading coal merchants of New England. 

JOSEPH WILLETT, a retail coal merchant of Needham. 
Massachusetts, was born in Boston. Massachusetts, July 4, 
1847, and had been In the coal business for himself for 
thirty-five years up to July 1, 1918, when, witli ('. A. Chart- 
wick of Newton I'pper Fulls. Massachusetts, he formed the 
Willett & Cliadwlek Coal Co., doing business in Needham. 
He is a Past President of the Suburban Coal Club. 

WALLACE II. WIl.sov Manager of the Akin-Denlson Co. 
of New Bedford, Massachusetts, was born at New Bedford 
on June 14, 1864, and has been In the coal business for 
thirty-five years. He was formerly connected with the 
Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Co. and Denison Bros. 
Co. 



229 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 



CLABE.NCE W. ADAMS, retailer at Warner, New Hamp- 
shire, was born at Sutton, New Hampshire, in 1873, and has 
been in the coal business for the past five years. He also 
handles lumber in connection with his coal business. 

HERBERT C. ADAMS, a retailer of Belmont, New Hamp- 
shire, was born at Hill, New Hampshire, on November 12, 
1866, and has been in the coal business for himself for the 
past Ave years. 

JAMES A. BALDWIN, a retailer at East Jaffrey, New 
Hampshire, was born at Dublin, New Hampshire, September 
11, 1855, and has been in business for twenty-seven years. 

JOSEPH BERN1ER, retail coal merchant of Greenville, 
New Hampshire, was born at St. Johns, Quebec. Canada, 
October 12, 1867, and has been in the coal business for fifteen 
years. 

LORING B. BODWELL, retail coal merchant at Manches- 
ter, New Hampshire, was born in Salem, New Hampshire, on 
April 20, 1844, and has been in the coal business for over 
half a century. Mr. Bodwell is being assisted by his two 
sons, Charles B. and H. Irving. 

ALICE P. BRADLEY has done a retail coal business at 
Rochester, New Hampshire, for the past four years. 

EDGAR T. BROWN, retail coal merchant at Raymond, 
New Hampshire, was born at Raymond, October 12, 1863, 
and has been in the coal business for thirty years. 

ALMOIN" S. CARPENTER, Treasurer-Manager of the D. M. 
Poore Coal Co. of Manchester, New Hampshire, was born in 
Chichester, New Hampshire, in 1869, and having been book- 
keeper and clerk for D. M. Poore for sixteen years, nine 
years ago formed the present company. He is Secretary- 
Treasurer of the Manchester Retail Coal Dealers Asso- 
ciation. 

EDWARD M. CLARK, proprietor of E. M. Clark & Son, 
retail coal merchants at North Haverhill, New Hampshire, 
was born at Benton, New Hampshire, June 16, 1871, and has 
been in the coal business for eight years. 

CLARENCE EDWARD CLOUGH, Manager and co-partner 
of N. P. Clough & Co. of Lebanon, New Hampshire, was born 
at Danbury, New Hampshire, on February 25, 1872, and has 
been in the coal business for fifteen years. He is associated 
with George B. Clough, who is senior member of this com- 
pany. 

GEORGE B. CLOUGH, senior member of N. P. Clough & 
Co., a retail firm at Lebanon, New Hampshire, was born at 
Warner, New Hampshire, September 30, 1848, and has been 
in the coal business for fourteen years. This company also 
does an extensive lumber and ice business. 

HENRY L. COTTON, retail coal merchant at Warren, New 
Hampshire, was born at Warren, October 11, 1860, and has 
been in the coal business for six years. 

■WILLIAM G. CRAM, retailer of Lakeport, New Hamp- 
shire, was born at Boston, Massachusetts, March 19, 1865, 
and has been in business for himself for twenty years. 

EVERETT LENDALL DAVIS, retailer at Penacook, New 
Hampshire, was born in Warner, New Hampshire, June 27, 
1863, and has been in the coal business thirty years. 

Bl'ET S. DEARBORN, Manager of the Wallace Building 
Co. of Laconia, New Hampshire, was born at Thornton, New 
Hampshire, February 18, 1881, and has been in the coal 
business for six years. 

CHARLES H. DOW, owner and only surviving member of 
J. H. Dow & Son, doing a retail business at Lakeport, New 
Hampshire, was born in Lakeport November 4, 1872. Mr. 
Dow has been in the coal business for twenty-two years. 
His company is the pioneer coal firm of Lakeport. 

J. PRANK GOODWIN, retail coal merchant of Wolfeboro, 
New Hampshire, was born in Emery Mills. Maine, August 2, 
1873, and has been in the coal business about two years. 

HENRY NORMAN HODGDON, Secretary and Treasurer 
of the C. N. Hodgdon Co. of Berlin, New Hampshire, was 
born at Milan, New Hampshire, on July 7, 1869, and has 
been in the coal business for the past seventeen years. Mr. 
Hodgdon is a son of Charles Norman Hodgdon, the pioneer 
coal man of Berlin, who died in 1908. Mr. Hodgdon was 
associated with his father before his death. 

■WILFRED A. HODGDON, President of the C. N. Hodgdon 
Co. of Berlin, New Hampshire, was born at Milan, New 
Hampshire, in December, 1863, and has been in the coal 
business for ten years, previously having been engaged in 
the grain business. 



ALMON T. HOVKV, retail coal merchant of Peterboro, 
New Hampshire, was born in Peterboro September 17, 1846, 
and has passed his whole life there, ten days being the 
longest time he was ever away from the town. He has 
been in the coal business thirty-five years, and has four 
coal silos, two of 130-ton capacity, and two of 100-ton 
capacity. 

JOSEPH LEWIS JACOBY, Manager of the Consolidation 
Coal Co. at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, July 23, 1875, and has been in the 
coal business twenty-seven years. He was formerly con- 
nected with the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Co. 
at Newburyport, Massachusetts, having charge of that com- 
pany's docks at Salem and Newburyport. 

HARRY W. LADD, retail coal merchant at Plaistow, New 
Hampshire, was born in Fremont, New Hampshire, March 
14, 1891, and has been in the coal business seven years. 

LESTER LIBBY LANGLEY, junior member of C. S. Lang- 
ley & Son, retailers at Durham, New Hampshire, was born 
in Durham May 9, 1893, and has been in the coal business 
for two years. 

WILLIS A. MARTIN, retailer at Goffstown, New Hamp- 
shire, was born at Goffstown on April 3, 1884, and has been 
in the coal business for fourteen years. 

ALBERT E. McREEL, Treasurer of A. E. McReel Co. of 
Exeter, New Hampshire, was born at Athol, Massachusetts, 
on March 28, 1870, and has been in the coal business for 
seven years. 

HERMAN E. MILES, Superintendent of the yard of the C. 
N. Hodgdon Co. of Berlin, New Hampshire, and a Director 
of that company, was born at Stark, New Hampshire, in 
1877, and has been with this company since its incorpora- 
tion in 1908. Mr. Miles was formerly Cashier in the Berlin 
National Bank. 

PRANK E. MOONEY, retail coal merchant of Farmington, 
New Hampshire, was born at Alton, New Hampshire, on 
May 20, 1859, and has been in business for thirty years. 

ENOCH E. NEAL, a retail merchant of Maiden, Massa- 
chusetts, was born at Brookfleld, New Hampshire, on Janu- 
ary 20, 1867, and has been in business for himself for thirty 
years. He is a firm believer in selling coal for cash. 

HERMAN ABBOTT OSGOOD, Treasurer and Manager of 
the Nashua Coal & Coke Co. of Nashua, New Hampshire, 
was born at Hyde Park, Massachusetts, May 4, 1873, and 
has been in the coal business for thirteen years. He is 
Vice President of the New England Coal Dealers Associa- 
tion and for a number of years has successfully managed 
the exhibit of coal dealers' supplies at the annual conven- 
tions. 

CHARLES H. PETTEE, owner of the Durham Coal Co., 
Durham, New Hampshire, was born in Manchester, New 
Hampshire, February 2, 1853, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for almost twenty-five years. He was formerly con- 
nected with C. S. Pettee & Co. 

FREDERICK B. PRESTON of Manchester, New Hamp- 
shire, associated with John H. Preston in the ownership 
of the Preston Coal & Coke Co., Lowell, Massachusetts, is 
also interested in the Moore & Preston Coal Co. of Man- 
chester, New Hampshire, and identified with the Amoskeag 
National Bank of Manchester. 

MARY D. RANDALL was born in Northfield, Vermont, 
January 2, 1858, and since the death of her husband, C. E. 
Randall, in 1912 has been carrying on a retail coal business 
at Woodsville, New Hampshire, where she has more than 
doubled the amount of business done. 

J. L. ROBERTS, retail coal merchant, late of Laconia, 
New Hampshire, was born at Belmont, New Hampshire, In 

1858, and died January 10, 1918. He was in the coal busi- 
ness thirty years. The business is being continued under 
the same name by his son, Edwin J. Roberts. 

LOUIS RUEL, proprietor of Ruel & Co., Somerworth, New 
Hampshire, was born in Canada in August, 1853, and has 
been in the coal business fifteen years. 

JOHN E. ROSSELL, a retail coal merchant of Concord, 
New Hampshire, was born in Sweden M,.rch 5, 1868, and 
has been in business for himself fifteen years. 

WALTER E. SABEN, retailer at Winchester, New Hamp- 
shire, was born at Winchester, August 6, 1858, and has been 
in the coal business for thirty years. 

WILLIS A. SHEDD, Manager of W. A. Shedd & Co. of 
Nashua, New Hampshire, was born at Hollis, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1863, and has been in the coal business for four- 
teen years, the entire time with the above company. 

HERMAN T. SHEPARD, retail coal merchant at West 
Epping, New Hampshire, was born at Epping, October 11, 

1859, and has been in business for the past six years. 



230 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



KHUAHD A. SH1TK, proprietor of the Exeter Coal Co., 
Inc.. of Exeter, New Hampshire, was born In Exeter July 7, 
1S68, and has been In the coal business for six years. He 
was formerly connected with the Peoples Co_l Co. 

i iiim> CHESTER SMITH. First Vice President of the 
Frank Smith Co. of Lancaster, New Hampshire, was born 
at Lancaster In 1880, and has been in the coal business for 
twenty years. 

HKMH E. STAHL. Secretary of Simon Stahl & Son of 
Berlin, New Hampshire, was born at Oorham, New Hamp- 
shire, August 12, 1882, and has been with this firm for 
about fifteen years. 

SIMON STAHL,, Treasurer of Simon Stahl & Son, a firm 
of retailers at Berlin, New Hampshire, was born in Ger- 
many on November 17, 1842, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for a quarter of a century. 

A. G. STEVENS, President Concord Lumber Co., Concord, 
New Hampshire, has incidental to that connection been in 
the coal business for the past twenty-five years. 

A. W. STKVENS, Manager and Assistant Treasurer of the 
Concord Lumber Co. of Concord, New Hampshire, was born 
at Concord and has been in the coal business for fifteen 
years. 

Ill RXIE G. TAYLOR, a retail coal merchant at White- 
field, New Hampshire, was born at Whitefield, January 8, 
1860, and has been in the coal business for himself for 
twenty-one years. 

GEORGE R. TAILOR, proprietor of George R. Taylor & 
Co. of Concord, New Hampshire, was born at Chelsea, Mas- 
sachusetts, February 22. 1874, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness twenty-eight years. He was formerly connected with 
W. A. Mehaffey, Lehigh Valley Coal Co., and E. Russell 
Norton, and was one of the valued Skouts of the Order 
KoKoal. 

CLARENCE E. WARD, managing partner of Ward Bros., 
retail coal merchants at Marlboro, New Hampshire, was 
born at Marlboro in 1882, and has been in the coal business 
for seven years, and is the active member of the above firm. 

FRANK E. WARD, silent partner of Ward Bros., retail- 
ers at Marlboro, New Hampshire, was born in 1878 at Marl- 
boro, and has been Interested in the coal business for eight 
years. 



RHODE ISLAND— Providence 



THOMAS H. EARLY, Treasurer Thomas H. Early & Co., 
Providence, Rhode Island, was born December 25, 1854, in 
Providence, and has been in the coal business for forty- 
eight years. 

EKintMio M. GRKBNE, Manager Olneyville branch of 
the Eastern Coal Co., Providence, Rhode Island, was born 
In Scituate, Rhode Island, March 23, 1868, and has been in 
the coal business twenty-six years. Mr. Greene was for- 
merly connected with R. B. Little & Co., George B. Arnold, 
and for several years was junior partner of Bowen & 
Greene. 

S. J. GREENE. Treasurer Eastern Coal Co., Providence, 
Rhode Island, was born October 9, 1870, in Felix, Illinois, 
and has been in the coal business for thirty years. Mr. 
Greene was formerly connected with R. B. Little & Co. 

CHARLKS I\ OLNEY. President Jos. Olney & Son, Inc.. 
retail coal merchants of Providence, Rhode Island, was born 
in Smithfield. Rhode Island. August 9, 1856, and has been In 
the coal business for forty-three years. His father, Joseph 
Olney, was born in 1814, and conducted the business for 
thirty years before his death. 

F. D. SIMMONS, President Eastern Coal Co., Providence, 
Rhode Island, was born In Providence February 17, 1857, and 
has been in the coal business for forty years. Mr. Simmons 
was formerly connected with the Providence Coal Co., 
Tucker & Little, and R. B. Little & Co. This company oper- 
ates three tidewater yards with six branch inland yards. 

MIKWIN WHITE, President and Manager John R. White 
& Son, Inc., of Providence, Rhode Island, established In 1862, 
was born in Philadelphia in 1877, and has been in the coal 
business twenty years. 



RHODE ISLAND 



OLIYER C. ANDREWS, member of the firm of Andrews & 
Co., retailers of coal at Westerly. Rhode Island, was born In 
Newport, Rhode Island, March 25, 1857, and has been in the 
coal business twenty-nine years. Mr. Andrews was formerly 
connected with Coxe Bros, of New York City. 



L. P. ROSWORTH, born in 1856 and assisted by his son 
Albert L„ born in 1892, operates the coal business started by 
L. S. Bosworth in 1851 at Barrington, Rhode Island. The 
yard occupies the site of the first trading post in Rhode 
Island, taken more than 150 years ago by the Bosworth 
family, who came over in 1635. 

ALLAN A. CAMPIIELL, retail coal merchant of Phenix, 
Rhode Island, was born March 20, 1862, in Washington, 
Rhode Island, and has been in the coal and feed business 
twenty-six years. 

ADIN M. CAPRON, retail coal merchant of Centerdale, 
Rhode Island, was born December 2, 1882, at Stillwater, 
Rhode Island, and has been in the coal business about two 
years. 

WILLIAM H. CLARKE, Treasurer and Manager Pinniger 
& Manchester Co., Inc., retailers of coal at Newport, Rhode 
Island, was born in Newport October 5, 1867, and has been 
in the coal business for thirty-four years. The firm was 
formed by David T. Pinniger and A. Russell Manchester in 
1871 and incorporated in 1904. 

HARRY ELLIS DAVIS, member of the New England Coal 
Co. of Woonsocket, Rhode Island, was born May 1, 1868, In 
Noi'thboro, Massachusetts, and has been in the coal business 
for nineteen years. Mr. Davis has served as a member of 
the Executive Committee of the New England Coal Dealers 
Association since 1915. He was a member of the Rhode 
Island State Legislature, 1909-1911, and has always been 
active in all plans for the betterment of Woonsocket. 

WILLIAM H. FROST, proprietor of the retail firm of W. H. 
Frost of Auburn, Rhode Island, was born August 27, 1889, 
at Rochester, New Hampshire, and has been In the coal busi- 
ness for six years. 

JOHX D. GLOVER, Manager M. A. Pennington & Co., re- 
tailers at Pawtucket, Rhode Island, was born in Canada, 
October 25, 1878, and has been in the coal business thirteen 
years. 

ALBERT A. HUDSON, member of the New England Coal 
Co. of Woonsocket, Rhode Island, was born in Esmond, 
Rhode Island. January 10, 1868, and has been in the coal 
business twenty-nine years. Mr. Hudson was formerly con- 
nected with Frank E. Holden. 

P. D. HI MPHREY. retail coal merchant of Tiverton, 
Rhode Island, was born December, 1843, in Tiverton, and has 
been in the coal business about twenty-five years. 

WILLIAM S. JEFFERDS, Manager W. S. Jefferds & Co., 
retailers of coal at Lonsdale, Rhode Island, was born March 
17, 1857, at Boston, Massachusetts, and has been in the coal 
business sixteen years. 

GEORGE MACAULEY, Manager A. E. Bullock & Co., re- 
tail coal merchants of Lonsdale, Rhode Island, was born in 
Lonsdale June 27. 1874. and has been in the coal business 
about seven years. 

PATRICK J. MEE, proprietor O. J. Mee Coal Co. of Woon- 
socket, Rhode Island, was born June 10, 1863, in Woonsocket, 
and has been in the coal business for twenty-five years. 

ELMER H. REYNOLDS, retail coal merchant of Nason- 
ville, Rhode Island, was born June 8, 1869. at Glocester, 
Rhode Island, and has been in the coal business nine years. 

MISS ELIZABETH IIREESE SMITH, Manager George 
Bowen Coal Co., Newport, Rhode Island, was born In Dun- 
ellen. New Jersey, November 28, 1868, and has been in the 
coal business twenty-three years. This business was orig- 
inally started in 1800 by Miss Smith's great grandfather 
as a shipping business, and in 1821 was continued by his 
two sons, Stephen and George Bowen. After the death of 
Stephen Bowen, about 1845, George Bowen entered into 
the wood and coal business, which he carried on until his 
death. 

DRUMS J. SVLLIVAX. President The D. J. Sullivan Co., 
Newport. Rhode Island, was born in 1855 In Newport and 
has been in the coal business for twenty years. 

II. .1. F. sillivan. Vice President The D. J. Sullivan Co. 
of Newport. Rhode Island, was born In Newport In Novem- 
ber, 1888. 

WILLIAM E. srLLIVAN. Secretary The D. J. Sullivan Co. 
of Newport. Rhode Island, was born in Newport April 8, 
1891, and has been In the coal business four years. 

WILLIAM It. WHIPPLE, retail coal merchant of Wash- 
ington, Rhode Island, was born In Washington March 14, 
1870, and has been In the coal business three years. 

FRANK X. WILCOX, a retail coal merchant of Westerly, 
Rhode Island, was born In Hopklnton. Rhode Island, May 7, 
1868, and has been In the coal business ten years. 



231 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



VERMONT 



JOHN FREDERICK ALEXANDER, retail coal merchant of 
Saxtons River, Vermont, was born February 21, 1838, at 
Chesterfield, New Hampshire, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness eighteen years. 

GEORGE M. ANDREWS of the retail firm of G. M. An- 
drews Coal & Wood Co., Montpelier, Vermont, was born June 
20, 1863, at Duxbury, Vermont, and has been in the coal 
business seven years. 

WALTON F. ANDREWS, member of the firm of Rich & 
Andrews, retailers of coal at Manchester Depot, Vermont, 
was born January 13, 1861, at East Otto, New York, and has 
been in the coal business twenty-five years. 

CHAS. D. BARBER, retail coal merchant of Windsor, Ver- 
mont, was born in Windsor September 4, 1874, and has been 
in the coal business three years. 

EDWIN I. BENSON, retail coal merchant of Woodstock, 
Vermont, was born September 19, 1867, in Woodstock, and has 
been in the coal business five years. Mr. Benson is also 
interested in building material, lumber, milling, flour and 
grain. 

ERNEST ASA BRODIE, Treasurer and Manager Citizens 
Coal Co. of Burlington, Vermont, was born in Stanstead, 
Quebec, Canada, July 20, 1865, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness nineteen years. 

E. B. CHASE, retail coal merchant of Barnet, Vermont, 
has been in the coal business for nine years, 

EDGAR R. COOK, proprietor of E. R. Cook Coal & Lumber 
Co., Barton, Vermont, was born at Craftsburg, Vermont, 
March 30, 1856, and has been in the coal business for twelve 
years. 

R. W. H. DAVIS, Treasurer and Manager Davis Coal & 
Transfer Co., Newport, Vermont, was born September 24, 
1886, in Newport, and has been in the coal business ten 
years. 

CHARLES L. FRENCH, proprietor of the retail coal busi- 
ness of C. L. French, Hardwick, Vermont, was born in 1851 
at Hardwick, and has been in the coal business twenty-five 
years. 

CHARLES E. HAMBLET, retail coal merchant of Barton, 
Vermont, was born December 4, 1857, at Morgan, Vermont, 
and has been in the coal business for six years. 

FRITZ WENDELL JACKSON, partner of the retail coal 
firm of Morse & Jackson, Barre, Vermont, was born at 
Springfield, Vermont, February 18, 1876. Mr. Jackson was 
previously connected with Towne & Leonard. 

DAN M. JOHNSON, member of the firm of W. B. Johnson 
& Son, retailers of coal at Essex Junction, Vermont, was 
born June 5, 1876. at Williston, Vermont, and has been in 
the coal business twenty years. 

W. B. JOHNSON, senior member of the retail coal firm of 
W. B. Johnson & Son, was born at Jericho, Vermont, Novem- 
ber 4, 1849, and has been in the coal business thirty-nine 
years. 

M. CLARENCE KNIGHT, retail coal merchant of New- 
bury, Vermont, was born in Newbury September 24, 1861, 
and has been in the coal business twenty years. 

WILLIAM B. LADD, retail coal merchant of Enosburg 
Falls, Vermont, was born in Enosburg January 1, 1872, and 
has been in the coal business eighteen years. 



LENO A. LAPELLE, retail coal merchant of Swanton, 
Vermont, was born in Swanton, and has been in the coal 
business about five years. 

MERRILL L. LAWRENCE, President and Manager Law- 
rence & Wheeler, Inc., retailers of coal at Springfield, Ver- 
mont, was born June 14. 1841, in Windham, Vermont, and 
has been in the coal business twenty-five years. 

GEORGE P. MOORE, President Geo. P. Moore Co., retail- 
ers of coal at St. Johnsbury, Vermont, was born September 
4, 1842, at Bradford, Vermont, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness since 1888." 

H. W. MYERS, President H. W. Myers & Son, Inc., retail 
coal merchants at Bennington, Vermont, was born January 
10, 1848, and has been in the coal business for eighteen years. 

WM. H. MYERS, Treasurer H. W. Myers & Son, Inc., Ben- 
nington, Vermont, was born January 27, 1886, in Pownal, 
Vermont, and has been in the coal business ten years. 

H. M. O'DELL, retail coal merchant of Montpelier, Ver- 
mont, was born September 3, 1868, in O'Delltown, Quebec, 
Canada, and has been in the coal business ten years. 
Mr. O'Dell was previously connected with Taft & O'Dell. 

RICHARD B. OSHA, retail coal merchant of Randolph, 
Vermont, was born November 5, 1872, at West Braintree, 
Vermont, and has been in the coal business three years. 

NED E. PIERCE, Secretary and Treasurer Elias Lyman 
Coal Co., Burlington, Vermont, was born in 1879 at North 
Shrewsbury, Vermont, and has been in the coal business 
thirteen years. Mr. Pierce has held the position of Vice 
President of the New England Retail Coal Dealers Associa- 
tion and has been a Director of the Central New York and 
New England Coal Association. 

HOLLAND C. REED, President and Manager The Reed 
Coal Co., Fair Haven, Vermont, was born January 14, 1857, 
in Fair Haven and has been in the coal business forty-three 
years. 

HORACE A. RICHARDSON of the retail coal firm of Cal- 
der & Richardson, Barre, Vermont, successors to G. I. Jack- 
son & Co., was born October 4, 1870, at West Corinth, Ver- 
mont. 

GEORGE C. SHEDD, retail coal merchant of Springfield, 
Vermont, was born in 1852 at West Windsor, Vermont, and 
has been in the coal business about twelve years. 

MRS. ROSE CORNELIA SHEPLE, well known coal mer- 
chant at Waterbury, Vermont, "was born April 11, 1853, in 
Waterbury, and has been in the coal business twenty-two 
years. Mrs. Sheple became Manager of this retail business 
at the death of her husband, H. S. Sheple, i l 1895. 

FRANK RICHARDSON SHERMAN, member of the retail 
coal firm of F. M. Sherman & Co., Newport, Vermont, was 
born in Newport, Vermont, and has been in the coal business 
twenty years. 

LUTHER TUCKER SPARHAWK, retail coal merchant of 
Randolph, Vermont, was born February 11, 1831, at Roches- 
ter, Vermont, and has been in the coal business about thirty- 
eight years. 

FRED STICKLES, Manager Henry M. Tuttle Co., retailers 
of coal at Bennington, Vermont, was born June 16, 1870, at 
Churchtown, New York, and has been in the coal business 
nine years. 

JAMES HENRY WHELDEN, President and Treasurer of J. 
H. Whelden Coal Co., Brandon, Vermont, was born December 
10, 1876, at Ludlow, Vermont, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness eleven years. Mr. Whelden was previously connected 
with the Whelden Coal Co. of Ludlow. 



232 



NEW JERSEY 



FROM the point of view of real consumption of coal 
New Jersey is outranked only by Pennsylvania, the 
premier state in the production, total and square 
mile consumption. Using the 1918 figures as a basis, 
New Jersey, despite its relatively small territorial ex- 
tent, was seventh in the list of coal consumers, being 
exceeded in actual consumption by Pennsylvania, Illi- 
nois, New York, the New England group, Ohio and 
Indiana. l'pon a square mile basis, however, its rank is 
eighth. Upon a per capita basis it ranks eighth. While 
its anthracite consumption, 2.9 tons, is more than three 
and one-half times greater than that for the country as 
a whole, its bituminous coal consumption per capita 
is only 1.29 tons, against the general average of 2.04 
tons. The total, both anthracite and bituminous coal, 
is 4.19 tons, which shows up very favorably in compari- 
son with the country average of 2.82 tons. 

Although a heavy consumer of fuel New Jersey, in 
common with other states in the same general territory, 
draws its supplies from few producing zones. Michi- 
gan, for example, which follows New Jersey in point of 
total consumption, called upon ten producing states to 
fill its needs in 1915; New Jersey shipments came from 
but three. This is, of course, in a large measure ex- 
plained by the predominance of anthracite as the lead- 
ing fuel in the Middle Atlantic and New England group 
of states. In New Jersey, for example, anthracite re- 
ceipts of 8,375,000 tons in 1915 constituted over 75 per 
cent of the total tonnage used in that state during that 
year. Pennsylvania bituminous came next with 3,489,- 



656 tons. In other words one state furnished New Jer- 
sey with over 94.5 per cent of its total fuel supply. 
West Virginia contributed 045,000 and Maryland 33,561 
tons to the grand total of 12,543,817 tons. 

Aside from its importance as a consumer both of 
domestic and steam sizes for internal enterprises — and 
New Jersey, even before the war, was one of the lead- 
ing manufacturing states of the Union — it is also the 
gateway through which a large share of the coal supply 
of New York City passes. The greater number of the 
discharging piers for handling coal to supply Manhat- 
tan are located on the Jersey side of the river. They 
include the Pennsylvania Railroad piers at South Am- 
lioy, with a daily capacity of 300 ears ; the Lehigh Valley 
facilities at Perth Amboy, where 250 cars per day can 
be handled under favorable conditions; the Philadel- 
phia & Beading terminals at Port Reading with a daily 
capacity of 500 cars; the Central Railroad of New Jer- 
sey's facilities at Elizabethport, 250 cars daily, Port 
Johnston, 150 cars, and Port Liberty, 100 cars; the 
350-car capacity Hoboken piers of the Delaware, Lack- 
awanna & Western Railroad ; the New York, Ontario 
& Western Railway's terminals at Weehawken, where 
175 cars can be handled in a day, and the Erie Rail- 
road's facilities for handling 250 cars per day under 
favorable conditions at Undercliff. In other words, 
eliminating the Arlington piers, New York harbor 
facilities for handling coal have an aggregate capacity 
of approximately 2,000 cars per day. Facilities for han- 
dling 1,676 ears of this total are on the New Jersey side. 



233 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 





JOHX W. 111)1. Lis. Hoboken, New Jersey, 

President Jagels & Bellis, well-known retail coal merchants 
at Hoboken, New Jersey, was born September 8, 1871, in 
Oradell, New Jersey, and has been in the coal business 
twenty-nine years. Before taking over his present inter- 
ests Mr. Bellis was connected with Williams & Peters. 



C. H. C. JAGELS, Summit, New Jersey, 

Treasurer Jagels & Bellis, large retail coal merchants at 
Hoboken, New Jersey, was born September 3, 1870, in New 
York, and has been in the coal business for twenty-four 
years. Mr. Jagels has been President of the Hudson County 
Coal Merchants' Association. 



NEW JERSEY — Newark 



MRS. E. L. kiii ill!. President and Treasurer of the E. L. 
Koller Manufacturing & Coal Chute Co., Newark, New Jer- 
sey, was born in Alsace-Lorraine of French parentage, and 
has been manufacturing and handling coal dealers' supplies 
for twenty-two years. She has a wide acquaintance among 
retail coal merchants in the East. 

JOSEPH H. LUCKING, retail coal merchant of Newark, 
New Jersey, was born April 12, 1870, in Newark and has 
been in the coal business for thirty years. 

JOHX FRAXKLIX POST, well known retailer at Newark, 
New Jersey, was born February 24, 1857, at Butler, New 
Jersey, and has been in the coal business for thirty-two 
years. 

ALEXANDER H. ROSS, senior member of the retail firm 
of A. H. Ross & Co., of Newark, New Jersey, was born 
September 11. 1848, in New York City, and has been in the 
coal business for fifty-two years. Mr. Ross was for a num- 
ber of years connected with the Delaware & Hudson Co. 

ROBERT LINCOLN ROSS, junior member of A. H. Ross 
& Co., Newark, New Jersey, is fifty-two years of age and 
has been in the coal business for thirty-five years. 

ANTON STEINES, retail coal merchant of Newark, New 
Jersey, was born October 29, 1851, in Germany and has been 
in the coal business twenty-eight years. 

ERNEST C. STREMI'EL, member of the firm of S. Trim- 
mer & Co., Newark, New Jersey, was born in 1863 in Newark 
and has been in the coal business about thirty years. Mr. 
Strempel is also Vice President of the New Jersey Coal 
Dealers' Association. 



NEW JERSEY 



J. NELSON AKE, President Egg Harbor Coal & Lumber 
Co., Egg Harbor City, New Jersey, was born April 3, 1878, 
in Hillsdale, Indiana County, Pennsylvania, and has han- 
dled coal twenty-one years, fifteen years in business and six 
years in the mines. Mr. Ake is also President of the Ham- 
monton Lumber Co. at Hammonton. New Jersey, Director 
of the Commercial Bank of Egg Harbor City, and Director 
of the Hammonton Trust Co. of Hammonton. 



DAVID W. RAM., President and Treasurer of the David 
W. Ball Co., retail coal merchants of East Orange, New 
Jersey, was born January 2, 1858, in East Orange, and has 
been in the coal business ten years. Mr. Ball is also Auditor 
of the New Jersey Coal Dealers Association. 

JOHN J. BLOXDEL, President John Blondel & Son, Inc., 
retail coal merchants at Montclair, New Jersey, was born 
July 2, 1873, at Montclair, and has been in the coal business 
for sixteen years. Mr. Blondel is a member of the Board of 
Directors of the New Jersey Coal Dealers' Association. 

ALFRED W. BOOTH, President Alfred W. Booth & Bro., 
Inc., retailers of coal at Bayonne, New Jersey, was born in 
1850 in New York, and has been in the coal business for 
forty-four years. 

THOMAS M. BREWSTER, President Brewster & Son, Inc., 
retail coal merchants of Ridgefield Park, New Jersey, was 
born in Fairview, New Jersey, and has been in the coal 
business for thirty-four years. 

MYROX V. BROWS, retail coal merchant of Red Bank, 
New Jersey, was born October 2, 1882, in Red Bank, and 
has been in the coal business twelve years. Up to June 1, 
1918, when Louis E. Brown, the junior member, retired, 
the firm has been M. V. Brown & Co. Mr. Brown handles 
a varied line of farm implements and feed. 

CHARLES H. BRL'ETT, Secretary and Manager of John 
Blondel & Son, Inc., Montclair, New Jersey, was born 
December 10, 1882, in Bloomfleld, New Jersey, and has been 
in the coal business for eleven years. 

WILLIAM HENRY CAWLEY, JR., President and Treas- 
urer Consumers Supply Co., Somerville, New Jersey, was 
born February 3, 1873, in Frenchtown, New Jersey, and has 
been in the coal business for eight years. 

JACOH CISER, President J. Ciser & Sons, retail coal 
merchants at East Rutherford, New Jersey, was born in 
1848, and has been in the coal business eighteen years. 

IRVING A. COLLINS, President and Treasurer of J. S. 
Collins & Son, Inc., Moorestown, New Jersey, was born 
September 29, 1872, in Moorestown, and has been in the coal 
business twenty-seven years. 

JAMES H. COXXOR, President J. H. Connor Coal Co., well 
known retail coal merchants of Montclair, New Jersey, was 
born August 17, 1864, in Dubuque, Iowa, and has been in 
the coal business for thirty-five years. Mr. Connor was 
previously interested in the firm of Dabney & Connor and 
has been a Director in the New Jersey Coal Dealers' Asso- 
ciation. He is also Vice President of the Montclair Trust Co. 



234 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



JOHN W. COYLE, Jit.. Vice President James Coyle, Inc., 
Jersey City, New Jersey, was born in 1894 in Jersey City. 

JOHN C COXOVER, retail coal merchant of Orange, New 
Jersey, was born September 10, 1860, at Holmdel, New 
Jersey, and has been in the coal business for twenty-six 
years. 

THORNTON CONOVKR, Manager Conover & Matthews, 
retail coal merchants of Princeton, New Jersey, was born 
in 1875 in Princeton, and has been in the coal business for 
sixteen years. Mr. Conover was previously connected with 
Conover & Murray. 

JOHN D. CONTANT. handling a retail coal business at 
Lodi, New Jersey, was born May 5, 1877, in the Netherlands, 
and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

HELEN G. < <>1 GHLIN is the sole owner of Coughlin 
Bros., Jersey City, New Jersey, since the death of her hus- 
band, Thomas M. Coughlin. The coal yard has been in 
operation over twenty-five years. 

DANIEL DAHMS, proprietor of a retail coal business at 
Woodbury, New Jersey, was born July 10. 1867, in Switzer- 
land, and has been in the coal business for two years. Pre- 
vious to going into the coal business Mr. Darms was in the 
newspaper business for »en years. 

CHARLES E. DAYMOND. proprietor Daymond & Wenzel, 
retail coal merchants of Trenton. New Jersey, was born 
August 26, 1853, in Trenton and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for twenty-two years Mr. Daymond was Secretary 
of the Trenton Coal Dealers' Association for several years. 

EDWARD W. DAYMOND. son of Charles E. Daymond, 
and very active in business, has been with Daymond & 
Wenzel, retailers of coal at Trenton, New Jersey, for 
eleven years. 

EDWIN DEMAREST. retail coal merchant of Tenafly, 
New Jersey, was born November 30, 1861, at Cresskill, New 
Jersey, and has been in the coal business for thirty years. 

GEO. H. DONALDSON, Secretary James Coyle, Inc., suc- 
cessors to the late James Coyle, well known retail coal mer- 
chant of Jersey City, New Jersey, was born in 1867, in New 
Jersey, and has been In the coal business for two years. 

WILLIS R. DOYLE, proprietor of a retail coal business at 
Trenton, New Jersey, was born September 2, 1856, at Frank- 
ford, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal business for 
thirty years. Mr. Doyle was previously connected with J. B. 
Richardson and J. T. Barry of Trenton. 

D. 8. DRAKE, retail coal merchant of Netcong, New 
Jersey, was born November 18, 1871, in Netcong and has 
been in the coal business for twenty-nine years. Mr. 
Drake was previously connected with The Drake-Bostedo Co. 

WM. A. iiiNixr. Secretary The Osborne & Marsellis Co., 
of Upper Montclair, New Jersey, was born November 1, 1871, 
in New York City, and has been in the coal business 
twenty years. 

WALTER H. EASTLACK. Secretary and Treasurer East- 
lack Coal Co., retail coal merchants at Merchantville, New 
Jersey, was born February 8, 1864, in Germantown, Penn- 
sylvania, and has been in the coal business for fifteen 
years. Mr. Eastlack is also a Director of the Pennsylvania 
Retail Coal Merchants' Association and of the Philadelphia 
Coal Club. 

PETER EELMW, President Eelman & Co., retailers of 
coal at Garfield, New Jersey, was born March 7, 1865, In 
Holland, and has been in the coal business for seventeen 
years, 

GEO, W. ESSLINGER, retail coal merchant of West Engle- 
wood. New Jersey, was born June 4, 1864, at Newark, New 
Jersey, and has been in the coal business for seven years. 

STEPHEN M. FEHENC7,!, retail coal merchant at Bay- 
onne, New Jersey, was born November 3, 1893. In Bayonne. 
Mr. Ferenczi has been In the coal business for ten years, 
succeeding his father, Joseph Ferenezi, at his death. 

B. ('. FESSENDEN. President and Treasurer Dumont Coal 
& Lumber Co., Dumont, New Jersey, was born January 11, 
1843, at Sandwich, Massachusetts, and has been in the coal 
business for ten years. 

GEO. T. FREEMAN, retail coal merchant of Whlppany. 
New Jersey, was born February 8, 1863, In Whlppany and 
has been In the coal business for twenty-two years. 

WM. I\ FHI'MAN, retail coal merchant of Rockaway, 
New JerBey, was born August 10. 1874. In Rockaway. 

IIKMM < LARK C.ITIIIONN. retail coal merchant at Atco, 
NSW JerBey, was born September 8, 1879, in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, and has been In the coal business for about 
two years. 



GILL M. HANNOLD, well known retail coal merchant of 
Paulsboro, New Jersey, was born November 7, 1865, in Pauls- 
boro, and has been in the coal business for twenty-one 
years. Before going into business for himself, Mr. Hannold 
was associated with his father, T. C. Hannold, for eight 
years. 

JOSEPH HARHIGAN, retail coal merchant of Plainfteld, 
New Jersey, was born March 1, 1857, at Albany, New York, 
and has been in the coal business for sixteen years. 

FRED J. HARRIS, Secretary and Treasurer Consumers' 
Coal Co., Plainfield, New Jersey, was born at Plainfleld in 
1869, and has been in the retail coal business thirty years. 
His previous connections were with Harris Bros., Fred J. 
Harris, and Weber & Harris. 

GEORGE HERRMANN, retail coal merchant of Paterson, 
New Jersey, was born December 9, 1868, in Paterson and has 
been in the coal business for twelve years. Mr. Herrmann 
was formerly interested in Herrmann & Titus. 

CLARENCE M. HETFIELD, Sales Agent at Plainfield, 
New Jersey, for W. H. Bradford & Co., Inc., was born June 
4, 1889, in Plainfield, and has been in the coal business for 
nine years. Mr. Hetfield was previously connected with the 
Consolidation Coal Co., Bulah Coal Mining Co., and Geo. D. 
Harris & Co. 

CHARLES F. HIRSCH, General Manager Hirsch Bros., 
retail coal merchants at Trenton, New Jersey, was born 
January 14, 1886, in Trenton and has been in the coal 
business seven years. 

ALFRED T. HOLLEY, President Holley & Smith, Inc., 
Hackensack, New Jersey, retail coal merchants of Hacken- 
sack, was born February 15. 1872. in Hackensack, and has 
been in the coal business for twenty-seven years. Mr. Hol- 
ley is also President of the Retail Coal Dealers Association. 

FREDERICK JAGELS, Treasurer Jagels, Inc., doing a 
retail business at East Orange and Belleville, New Jersey, 
was born April 8, 1873, in New Jersey, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-nine years. 

RALPH ELMER JERHELL. proprietor Jerrell & Son, han- 
dling a retail coal business at Bridgeton, New Jersey, was 
born February 9, 1892, at Bridgeton, New Jersey. This busi- 
ness was established by Wm. Jerrell thirty years ago, and 
until his death, June 8, 1914, was run by himself and son, 
Howard W. Jerrell. Ralph Elmer Jerrell was taken into 
the business at this time, and since the death of his father, 
Howard W. Jerrell, March 22, 1915, has kept the business 
going under the name of Jerrell & Son. 

CHAS. A. LINDSLFY, Treasurer S. & C. A. Lindsley, Inc., 
Orange, New Jersey, was born April 30, 1859, in Orange, 
and has been in the coal business for thirty-four years. 
Mr. Lindsley is also Treasurer of the New Jersey Coal 
Dealers' Association. This firm is successor to J. M. Linds- 
ley & Sons and N. & G. Lindsley, and has been doing 
business since 1806. 

JOHN MALI, ON, retail coal merchant of Paterson, New 
Jersey, was born March 28, 1842, in Ireland, and has been 
in the coal business for about seven years. 

ARTHVR S. MARSELLIS, President Osborne & Marsellis 

Co., retailers of coal at Upner Montclair, New Jersey, was 

born in 1872 in Brooklyn. New York, and has been in the 
coal business for twenty years. 

ALFRED HARRISON MATTHEWS. President and Treas- 
urer A. M. Matthews & Co., Inc., of Orange, New Jersey, 
was born March 2, 1869. In Orange and has been in the 
coal business for thirty years. Mr. Matthews was formerly 
connected with the Lehigh Valley Coal Co. He Is also a 
Director of the New Jersey Coal Dealers' Association. 

GEORGE VAIL MieilMOHE, well known retail coal 
merchant of Summit, New Jersey, was born in 1854 in Mor- 
rlstown, New Jersey, and has been In the coal business for 
forty years. Mr. Mnchmore was for a number of years 
Sales Manager for the retail firm of Day & Muchmore, at 
Morristown, New Jersey, of which his father was an active 
partner. 

WM. A. O'llRIEN, retail coal merchant of Passaic, New 
Jersey, was born In 1880 In Passaic and has been In the 
coal business for eleven years. 

FRED J. OGDEN, member of the firm of Ogden & Cad- 
mus, retailers of coal at Bloomfield, New Jersey, was born 
March 23, 1868, In Parslppany, New Jersey, and has been in 
the coal business for twenty-four years. Mr. Ogden was a 
member of the Executive Hoard of the New jersey Coal 
Dealers Association. 

GEORGE II. PAYSOX, retail coal merchant of Englewood, 
New Jersey, was born In October. I860, at Brooklyn, New 
York, and has been In the coal business thirty years. 



235 



COAL MEN OF AMERICA 



WILLIAM R. POINSETT, retail coal merchant of Swedes- 
boro, New Jersey, was born in 1860 at Moorestown, New 
Jersey, and has been in the coal business for twenty-five 
years. 

JOHN R. in IGLE1 , Manager J. R. Quigley Co., Gloucester 
City, New Jersey, was born in Ireland and has been in the 
coal business for twenty-three years. 

HARRY REEVES, General Manager Consumers Coal & 
Supply Co., Ocean Grove, New Jersey, was born October 10, 
1878, at Ellisdale, New Jersey, and has been in the coal 
business for fifteen years. 

EDWARD M, RODROCK, President and General Manager 
E. M. Rodrock Co., Paterson, New Jersey, was born July 
12, 1886, in Blaine, Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal 
business fourteen years. His son, Harold E., having become 
21 years of age July 4, 1918, was taken into the firm as 
Treasurer July 5, 1918. 

RAYMOND G. RUMMEL, Manager Coughlin Bros., Jer- 
sey City, New Jersey, was born August 24, 1892, in Albany, 
New York, and has been in the coal business eight years. 

RAY W. SALMON, Manager T. B. Miller Co., retailers of 
coal at Summit, New Jersey, was born July 14, 1883, at 
Hackettstown, New Jersey, and has been in the coal busi- 
ness for ten years. 

THOMAS A. SHIELDS, Secretary and Treasurer Shields- 
Chamberlain Co., retail coal merchants of Hackettstown, 
New Jersey, was born September 22, 1885, in Hackettstown, 
and has been in the coal business eleven years. 

BENJAMIN T. SMITH, General Manager Milford Coal & 
Lumber Co., retailers of coal at Elizabeth, New Jersey, was 
born in April, 1890, in Elizabeth, and has been in the coal 
business for five years. 

ELMER T. SMITH, retail coal merchant of Middlebush, 
New Jersey, was born December 8, 1880, at Belle Meade, 
New Jersey, and has been in the coal business for about 
nine years. 

STEPHEN J. SPEER, retail coal merchant of Caldwell, 
New Jersey, was born in October. 1870, at Montclair, New 
Jersey, and has been in the coal business for twenty-seven 
years. Mr. Speer was previously connected with Fairlie & 
Wilson Coal Co., Newark, New Jersey. 

THOMAS S. STEVENS, Treasurer and Manager of the Cape 
May Coal & Ice Co., Cape May City, New Jersey, was born 
December 8, 1S67, in Cape May, and has been in the coal 
business there for fifteen years. 

ELWOOD H. STOKES, retail coal merchant of Mount 
Holly, New Jersey, was born November 24, 1873, at Jackson- 
ville, New Jersey, and has been in the coal business for 
fifteen years. Mr. Stokes is one of the best known retailers 
in that section. 

JAMES ROBBINS TAPPER, sole owner of the Stockton 
Coal Co., doing a retail coal business at Camden, New Jer- 
sey, was born June 3, 1873, at Newtown, New Jersey, and 
has been in the coal business for fourteen years. 

JAMES C. TATTERSALL, President and Treasurer of The 
Tattersall Co., retailers of coal at Trenton, New Jersey, was 
born October 13, 1872, in Trenton and has been in the coal 
business for twenty-one years. Mr. Tattersall is a well 
known retailer and has served as President of the Penn- 
sylvania Retail Coal Merchants' Association and as a 
Director of the National Retail Coal Merchants' Association. 



SIDNEY S. THOMPSON, proprietor J. & S. S. Thompson, 
retail coal merchants at Elizabeth, New Jersey, was born 
in 1846 in Elizabeth, and has been in the coal business for 
forty-seven years. This business was established in 1842 
by Aaron Q. Thompson, and until his death in 1875 was run 
as A. Q. & J. Thompson. Since then the firm has been do- 
ing business under the name of J. & S. S. Thompson. 

JOSEPH TOKER, retail coal merchant of Elizabeth, New 
Jersey, was born in 1874 in Austria, and has been in the coal 
business for twelve years. Mr. Toker was formerly Presi- 
dent of Canton, Halprin & Toker. 

HOWARD W. VAN ARTSDALEN, retail coal merchant at 
Titusville, New Jersey, was born in 1855 at Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, and has been in the coal business for twenty- 
nine years. 

W. E. VAN COURT, retail coal merchant of Oak Tree, 
New Jersey, was born January 31, 1867, in Oak Tree and 
has been in the coal business for twenty-seven years. 

JOHN I. VAN ORDER, President and Treasurer of The 
Slayback-Van Order Co., retail coal merchants of Caldwell, 
New Jersey, was born September 9. 1864, in Caldwell, and 
has been in the coal business for thirty years. 

SAMUEL H. WEATHERBY. sole owner of a retail coal 
business at Woodstown, New Jersey, was born November 25, 
1879, in Woodstown and has been in the coal business for 
seventeen years. Mr. Weatherby was previously connected 
with the retail firm of Weatherby & Son. 

JAMES WIGHT, well known retail coal merchant of Lake- 
wood, New Jersey, was born in North Belmar, New Jersey, 
and has been in the coal business twenty-six years. 

FRED D. WIKOPF, President Fred D. Wikoff Co., retail- 
ers of coal at Red Bank, New Jersey, was born September 
27, 1863, in Freehold, New Jersey, and has been in the coal 
business twenty years. 

R. F. WILLIS, member of the firm of R. F. Willis & Bro., 
Inc., well known retail coal merchants of Penns Grove, New 
Jersey, was born in Maryland and has been in the coal 
business for seventeen years, sixteen years in his present 
location. 

H. F. WILSON, Line Sales Agent for the Lehigh & Wilkes- 
Barre Coal Co. at Elizabeth, New Jersey, was born April 19, 
1876, in Elizabeth, and has been in the coal business for 
nine years. Previous to taking his present position Mr. 
Wilson was in the railroad business for several years. 

JAMES WILSON, JR., Secretary and Treasurer James 
Wilson & Son, Inc., retailers of coal at Paterson, New 
Jersey, was born August 19, 1874, in Paterson, and has 
been in the coal business for thirty years. Mr. Wilson 
is also President of the Paterson Coal Dealers' Association. 

S. JARRETT WOOLMAN, retail coal merchant of Vincen- 
town, New Jersey, was born April 20, 1870, at Rancocas, 
New Jersey, and has been in the coal business for nine- 
teen years. 

CHARLES HENRY ZEHNDER, Allenhurst, New Jersey, 
President of The Austen Coal & Coke Co., Austen, West 
Virginia, was born April 16, 1856, in Pennsylvania, and has 
been in the coal business fifteen years. Mr. Zehnder is 
also President of the Bened