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Xt lf(.o 


« V^ 1 » 










By benjamin THORPE, F.S.A., 











1H£ only information we possess with regard to the 
manuscript, the entire contents of which are now first 
communicated to the Public, is, that it was one of many 
presented to the library of his cathedral by Leofric, the 
first bishop of Exeter, under whom the see was transferred 
to that city from Crediton, of which he was the tenth 
bishop, in the year 1046. 

In the catalogue of Leofric's donations to his cathedral, 
copies of which still exist (one prefixed to the present 
manuscript, others to manuscripts once forming part of 
the collection, but now in the Bodleian Library, and that 
of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge), this volume is en- 
tered as, I. mycel enjlifc boo be jehpilcum J^m^um on 
leo^-pipn jepopht (one great English book on various sub- 
jects, composed in versey. The handwriting and language 

* For copies of the catalogue see Wanley, pp. 279, 280, and Conybeare's 
Illustrations, p. 199. 



of these lists prove them to be nearly coeval with the do- 
nation which they record, but from that period no men- 
tion of this unique and most interesting relic seems any- 
where to have been made till the days of Wanley, to 
whose catalogue of Anglo-Saxon manuscripts scholars 
were first indebted for their knowledge of its existence. 

Greatly as we are obliged to Wanley for his vast ser- 
vices to Anglo-Saxon literature, it cannot be denied that 
the information which he has imparted to us regarding 
the contents of this manuscript is both imperfect and in- 
accurate ; and, forming but a solitary item in a volumi- 
nous appendage to a work of great cost and magnitude ^ , 
tended but little towards drawing this venerable monu- 
ment from the obscurity in which it had lain for nearly 
seven centuries: nor was it till the year 1826, that the 
fact of its existence became generally known, through the 
analysis given of it by the Rev. W. D. Conybeare, in the 
** Illustrations of Anglo-Saxon Poetry 2," by his late bro- 
ther, the Rev. J. J. Conybeare, which, though wanting in 
the completeness and accuracy that could result only 
from a careful perusal of every line in the manuscript, 
proved amply sufficient to excite the attention of scholars 
both at home and abroad. 

It was not long after the completion of their edition of 
Csedmon, that The Society of Antiquaries, still ani- 
mated by the same generous spirit which had prompted 

' Hickesii TheBaums Linguarum Veterum Septentrionalium, 3 voll. fol., 
one of which consists of H. Wanlei Librorum Veterum Septentrionalium 

^ Illustrations, p. 198. 



them to the repuhlication of England's earliest poet, and 
most liberally seconded by the munificent aid afi!brded by 
their distinguished Vice-President, Hudson Gurnby, Esq., 
resolved to impart to the lovers of our old language and 
literature the entire contents of the Exeter manuscript, 
with a modern English version from the pen of the pre- 
sent editor ^ 

This manuscript consists of a folio volume of moderate 
size, written on vellum in a fair and rather fine hand of 
the tenth century. Some leaves both at the beginning 
and the end, as well as in the body of the book, are want- 
ing, and at the end it has sustained serious damage by the 
action of a fluid on the ink, whereby much of the writing 
is rendered wholly illegible; but though fair and well 
written, it, nevertheless, abounds in instances of false or- 
thography and ignorance on the part of the scribe, to a 
greater degree than any other manuscript I have seen of 
Anglo-Saxon poetry, though these are in general far less 
correct than those of prose productions^. 

With respect to its contents, it cannot be denied that 
the first 106 pages of the Exeter Book, though interesting 
to the philologist, possess little attraction for any other 
class of readers. The pieces they contain are, no doubt, 

* An edition of Layamon's Chronicle, containing the text of both MSS., 
with translation, notes, &c., by Sir F. Madden, is also preparing for pub- 
lication under the auspices of the Society of Antiquaries. 

* Among its peculiarities may be noticed : f e-{>eah, for fpa-]>eah ; apo, 
for apa ; bi-, for be- ; e, for » : and, in verbs, the 3rd pers. sing., for the pi. ; 
the omission of t in the 2nd pers. sing., as jehojbef, for ^eho'^beyc; also 
an, for on, in pi. terminations. The termination e, for a, in the pi. of fem. 
substantives, may, however, be the work of a more recent corrupter. 


translations from the Latin ; but their subject is not of a 
nature to stimulate many to search after the originals, 
which, if discovered, would prove of little use in elu- 
cidating the obscurities, or correcting the errors of a 
version, in this and all similar cases yet known, too 
paraphrastic to admit of comparison. Of the other 

'' The Legend of Saint Guthlac " has much to recom- 
mend it. It is a metrical paraphrase of a curious old 
piece of biography, by Felix, a monk of Croyland Abbey, 
whose Vita S. Guthiaci is printed in the Acta Sanctorum 
Benedictorum, and of which an Anglo-Saxon version, 
written with great purity and simplicity, is to be found in 


the Cottonian MS. Vesp. D. xxi^ The latter part of this 
legend, containing the journey of Beccel, the friend and 
companion of Guthlac, to announce the death of the saint 
to his sister Pege, is expressed with great beauty of dic- 
tion, and is highly poetic. Such pieces are, moreover, 
valuable as contributions to the stock of matter for a his- 
tory of our language and its literature. 

A still more poetic, and altogether more interesting piece, 
is the noble paraphrase from the Latin, *'The Phoenix.'* 
From the original at the foot of each page it will be seen 
how greatly its author has amplified the matter he had to 
work on, thereby rendering all comparison with the T^atin 
for critical purposes nearly out of the question. The ap- 
plication of the fable of the phcenix to the resurrection is 
exclusively the work of the Saxon paraphrast. 

' Also a fragment in the Vercelli MS., fol. 133^. 


" The Legend of Saint Juliana," beyond its philological 
value, which is considerable, has little to claim our atten- 

"The Wanderer," unlike the majority of Anglo-Saxon 
metrical compositions, bears internal evidence of origi- 
nality. To judge from a text frequently very obscure 
and perhaps corrupt, it appears to be the lament of an 
exiled follower for the death of his beloved friend and 
chief, and of his associates. It is deeply to be regretted 
that this piece (one of the few Anglo-Saxon productions 
not on a religious subject) should stand as it were iso- 
lated, apart from every historic or legendary notice, 
which, by contributing to its illustration, would infinitely 
increase its worth and interest. This composition, to- 
gether with a few others in the present volume \ lead 
irresistibly to the suspicion, that of our historic and le- 
gendary lore a very considerable portion has either irre- 
trievably perished, or, lost perhaps to the present genera- 
tion, may yet exist among the half-explored manuscript 
treasures of this and other countries^. Let us, however, 
cherish the hope that the spirit of liberal inquiry now 
in full activity on the continent of Europe, will, at no di- 
stant day, find in England a home not less welcome than 
that which it enjoys among our Teutonic brethren abroad, 
and that it may succeed in ascertaining, for the satisfac- 
tion of the literary world, what monuments of this de- 
scription, whether lay, or legend, or authentic history, yet 
lie buried under the accumulated dust of ages. 

> See pp. 306, 318, 377, 441, 473, 476. 

^ More particularly France, Belgium, and Italy. 

viii PREFACE. 

Of "The Scop or Scald's Tale" my opinion will be 
found in the notes at the end of the volume. I regret that 
no data exist whereon to found a more satisfactory one ; 
the poem, though apparently an episode only of some 
lost epic, and wholly fictitious, being eminently calculated 
to excite, without gratifying, curiosity. 

*' On the Various Fortunes of Men." — ^This piece bears 
the impress of originality, and is highly interesting as af- 
fording a few glimpses into the manners and habits of our 
forefathers, during a period when all our knowledge con- 
cerning them, beyond such incidents as enter the pale of 
history, is extremely vague and scanty. 

The ** Gnomic Verses " are, as their title imports, a 
string of proverbial sentences, many of them, it must be 
confessed, truisms. These verses (not indeed exactly in 
their present form) are apparently of very remote anti- 
quity. Though perhaps assignable to the same class as 
the Sentences of Theognis, the Works and Days of Hesiod, 
&c., we cannot, I think, look for their prototjrpe among 
the Greeks, but may rather assume that these similar 
productions of the ancient world originated in a state of 
society common to every people at a certain period of 
civilization ; and though, in their present form, subsequent 
to the introduction of Christianity, it will not perhaps be 
wide of the mark to assign to them, in their original state, 
a date anterior to the first migration of the Teutonic tribes 
to this island ; for, disguised as they are, they exhibit an 
almost^ solitary relic of the most ancient kind of learning 

' I use the word almost, because a similar specimen exists at the end of 




in use amongst us. Of a nearly similar class is a portion 
of the Eddaic Hdva-Mdl, which, as well as these Gnomic 
Verses, is undoubtedly indebted to oral tradition for its 
preservation to the present day. The poem ** On the 
Wonders of the Creation," immediately following, is ap- 
parently a later attempt at a somewhat similar style of 
composition. It is by no means free from obscurities. 

My endeavours to give a version of the "Riming Poem" 
have failed. A translation of some of its easier portions 
will be found among the notes, where I have ventured an 
opinion as to one cause of the difficultie&|attending this 
extraordinary and to me unintelligible production. 

" The Panther," and •* The Whale " afford very early 
specimens of a favourite species of poetry in the middle 
age — ^the moralizations, derived from the extravagant no- 
tions then prevalent with regard to natural objects, but 
more particularly to the animal creation. like '^ The 
Phcenix," these are, no doubt, paraphrases from the 

" The Departed Soul's Address to the Body."— With 
respect to this also favourite topic of the middle age, see 
a note at the end of the volume. 

With regard to '* Deor the Scald's Complaint," ''The 
Exile's Complaint," *' A Fragment^," and "The Ruin," 
we can only deplore our profound ignorance of the cir- 

the Menology, beginning, C^nin^ f ceal jiice healban : see Fox's edit., p. 44, 
and Hickesii Thesaurus, torn. i. p. 207. 
» At p. 473. 


cumstances under which they were written, and of the 
persons, the places, and the events, to which they allude. 
Of the last-mentioned of these, although (like the fallen 
burgh which it so vividly and graphically describes) a 
ruin, enough remains to show that, in its entire state, it 
must have been one of the noblest productions of the An- 
glo-Saxoa muse. Would it could be retrieved at the sa- 
crifice of the first 100 pages, or, that the hand of the de- 
stroyer had inflicted the whole work of destruction on the 
beginning only of the manuscript ! 

Of the ** Riddles" I regret to say that, from the ob- 
scurity naturally to be looked for in such compositions, 
arising partly from inadequate knowledge of the tongue, 
and partly from the manifest inaccuracies of the text, ray 
translations, or rather attempts at translation, though the 
best I can offer, are frequently almost, and sometimes, I 
fear, quite, as unintelligible as the originals. Though 
they have baffled me, yet, as they will now be in the hands 
of the Public, a hope may reasonably be entertained, that 
one more competent will undertake their interpretation, 
and with a more favourable result. Of some I have 
deemed it advisable to give merely the Saxon text, unac- 
companied by an effort at translation. 

Collections of iEnigmata have been left us by Sympo- 
sius, Aldhelm, Beda, and others ; but these are, generally 
speaking, extremely short, and although they may occa- 
sionally have suggested a subject to our ' scop ' whereon 
to exercise his skill, yet are those in the present collection 
too essentially Anglo-Saxon to justify the belief that they 
are other than original productions. 


Those who are desirous of information on the subject of 
the runes of the Anglo-Saxons, beyond what may be ga- 
thered from the present volume, will be gratified by the 
perusal of a valuable paper by Mr. Kemble in the twenty- 
eighth volume of the Arch8eologia, also of a small work, 
** Ueber Deutsche Runen, von Wilhelm Carl Grimm." 

Of the version accompanying the text I must speak, as 
I think, with great diffidence. From first to last it has 
been my endeavour to make it literal, and, at the same 
time, readable. The first of these qualities (with the ex- 
ception of places where the conjectured reading has been 
translated, instead of that of the text) it will, I trust, be 
generally found to possess. With regard to the latter, 
the reader will feel no surprise on finding an unintelligible 
text accompanied by an equally unintelligible version'. 
That cases of this kind rather frequently occur, I much 
regret, but trust that the gentle reader will, on such occa- 
sions, in the spirit of mercy, kindly call to mind that his 
was no easy task who undertook, and exerted his utmost 
to produce, a translation of the Exeter Book. 

The text now communicated to the Public is from a 
transcript made by me at Exeter in the year 1832, where 
every accommodation and facility was most kindly afforded 
me, during the time I was engaged on my task ; and I 
gladly avail myself, though late, of the first opportunity 

1 I am aware that in some places different interpretations will be found 
assigned to the same A. S. word ; but these cases are few, and not of a 
nature to influence the general sense of the version, to the prejudice of the 
EnglLsh reader ; while to the A. S. scholar the version is only of secondary 


that offers of expressing my thanks to the Right Reverend 
The Bishop of Exeter, for his courtesy in acceding to 
my wishes in the jfirst instance; also to the Venerable 
Archdeacon Pott, Chancellor of the Chm'ch of Exeter, 
for his obliging promptitude in procuring the return of 
the manuscript, which on my arrival at Exeter was still 
lying at the British Museum, where a fac-simile transcript 
had been taken, now among the '* Additional MSS.," No. 
9067. 164 f. 

During a considerable portion of my task^ I gratefully 
acknowledge to have profited by the suggestions of my 
friend, John M. Kemble, Esq., from which the version 
has, in numerous instances, derived great advantage. Re- 
garding the opinion of Mr. Kemble on all subjects con- 
nected with the old language and literature of Teutonic 
Europe as of the highest value, I heartily regret that other 
imperative engagements prevented him from accompany- 
ing me to the end of my labour. 

To Messrs. Richard and John E. Taylor I have also to 
express my thanks for their promptness and care, while the 
volume was passing through their press ; as well as for 
the zeal evinced by them for the general advancement 
of the work. 

Immediately following the text will be found a few 
pages of illustrative notes, of which those on "The Scop 
or Scald's Tale " are for the most part extracted from the 
labours of Glerman scholars, but more particularly of Ett- 

> To the end of " The Legend of St. Juliana.'* 

PREFACE. xiii 

miiller^ Wilh. C. Grimin^, Lappenberg'"*, Leo*, and Suhm*. 
For the explanation of many poetical expressions I am 
much indebted to the notes of Dr. J. Grimm, appended to 
his edition of " Andreas und Elene^." 

By the Verbal Index ^ with which the volume termi- 
nates, it will be seen that a considerable addition has been 
made to our stock of Anglo-Saxon words, particularly of 
compounds ; and I entertain the fervent hope that no great 
length of time will elapse before that stock receives a 

> Scdpes vidsidh. Sangers Weitfkhrt, &c., von Ludwig Ettmiiller, Zu- 
rich, 1839. In a small work under this singular and certainly erroneous 
title, Ettmiiller has contributed more than any other scholar to illustrate 
the ethnography of " The Scop or Scald's Tale." The substance of his 
labours will be found in my notes. 

* Die Deutsche Heldensage, von Wilhelm Grimm, Gottingen, 1829. 

^ Recension der Leo'schen Sprachproben, in the Berliner Jahrb. fur 
Wissensch. Kritik for August 1838. A very excellent paper. 

* Altsachs. und Angelsachs. Sprachproben, von H. Leo, Halle, 1838. 

^ Historie af Danmark fra de eldste Tider til Aaret 803, ved P. F. Suhm, 
Copenh., 1782. Or the same translated, under the title, P. F. von 
Suhms Geschichte der Danen ins Teutsche fibertragen von F. D. Grater, 
Leipsig, 1803. 

^ In 1834 I arranged and prepared for the press a collection of Anglo- 
Saxon poems from the transcript of a MS. in the library of the Chapter 
at Vercelli, which was afterwards printed under my care, by authority of 
the Commissioners on the Public Records, as an appendix to an intended 
Report on Rymer's Foedera. Consisting of some of the most interesting 
relics of Anglo-Saxon poetry, its suppression, in consequence of the disso- 
lution of the Commission, is much to be regretted ; though from one of 
several copies sent abroad as presents. Dr. J. Grimm reprinted at Cassel, 
in 1840, the two most important pieces contained in it, with valuable an- 
notations, under the above-mentioned title. It is in the hope that the 
above-mentioned Report may one day see the light that I have constantly 
quoted its pages in the present volume. 

7 This index is limited to words rarely or now first occurring in A. S., to 
the exclusion of such as are already sufficiently explained in the dictionaries. 


farther increase ; when I trust that Mr. Kemble will be 
induced to complete his already ample collections, and 
give to the world that great desideratum, an Anglo-Saxon 
Dictionary suited to the present state of scholarship 
both here and abroad. In the Althochdeutscher Sprach- 
gehatz of Graff, now in course of publication, he has a 
praiseworthy example, and on the support of all Teutonic 
scholars throughout Europe he may confidently calculate. 

B. T. 

■ / 




To Jesus Christ 1 

To the Virgin Mary • « 5 

On the Nativity 11 

On the same. 17 

To the Trinity 24 

On the Nativity 26 

On the Nativity and Ascension 28 

On the Ascension and the Harrowing of Hell 32 

Hymn of Praise and Thanksgiving 38 

Hymn in continuation of the foregoing • • 43 

Poems on the Day of Judgment, I. — III 49 

On the Crucifixion 67 

On the Day of Judgment, I. II 74 

On the Crucifixion, &c 87 

Of Souls after Death, &c., I. II 93 

Poem, Moral and Religious * 104 

The Legend of St. Guthlac 107 

The Story of Haaaniah, Mishael, and Azariah paraphrased 185 

^ The Phcenix 197 

The Legend of St. Juliana 242 

The Wanderer 286 w 

On the Endowments and Pursuits of Men 293 

A Father's Instruction to his Son 300 

The Seafarer 306 '^ 

Monitory Poem 313 

^ The Scop or Scald's Tale : 318 

/ ^ On the Various Fortunes of Men 327 V 

Onomic Verses, I. — III 333 

On the Wonders of the Creation 346 

''' Riming Poem 352 

The Panther 355 

The Whale 360 

^ A Fragment 365 

A Departed Soul's Address to the Body, 1 367 

' II. (from the VerceUi MS.) . 374 

'^ ' Deor the Scald's Complaint 377 \/ 

Riddles 380 — 441 



f%g klip's Um§$yj'rhe ExUe'8 Complaint 441 ^ 

On the Day of Judgment 445 

A Supplication 452 

On the Resurrection and the Harrowing of Hell 459 

Religious Poem 467 

A Fragment 468 

The Lord's Prayer paraphrased 468 

Maxims 469 

Riddles 470—473 

A Fragment.^ 473 u' 

The Ruinf 476 \^ 

Riddles /. 479—500 

Notes 501 

Index of Persons 531 

Index of Countries and Folks ^ 533 

Verbal Index 535 


A. and E. — Andreas and Elene. — Herausgegeben von Jacob Grimm, Cas- 

sel, 1840. 
Bjo. Hald. — Lexicon Islandioo-Latino-Danicum Biomonis Haldorsonii, &c., 

Havnise, 1814. 
Graff. — Althochdeutscher Sprachschatz, &c. Vol. I. — IV. BerHn, 1834 — 

Ghrimm's D. Heldens. — Die, Deutsche Heldensage von Wilhelm Grimm, 

Gottingen, 1829. 
Ghrimm's D. M. — Deutsche Mythologie von Jacob Grimm, Gottingen, 

K. — J. M. Kemble; Esq. 
M. G. — MoBsogothic. 
Mhg. — Middle High German, from the middle of the 12th to the middle 

of the 14th century. 
Ohg. — Old High German, from the 7th to the 11th century. 
O. N. — Old Norsk or Icelandic. 
O. S. — Old Saxon, the dialect of the Heliand, or of Lower Saxony, of the 

9th century. 
V. P. — ^Vercelli Poetry. See Pref., p. xiii. n. ^, 
Warton's H. E. P.— Warton's History of English Poetry, 3id Edit. 3 vol. 

Ziemann. — Mittdhochdeutsches Worterbuch, von Adolf Ziemann, &c. 

Quedlinburg und Leipsig, 1838. 
" or ^, placed over a vowel or m, indicates the elision of m, as )>pyme for 

)>pymme, heah)>u for heah)>um, &c. 




* # # # cyninje. [Fol.8a] 

"Sii eapc ye peall-}t»n« 

]w "Sa pyjihtan lii* 

pi'SpuppoD to peojice* 

pel ]^2®]uf^» 

]^8et ]m heapob pe* 

healle msoppe* 

T jeromnije. 

pbe peallaf • 

plint unbpaecne* 

^zst jeonb eopiS- b[uenb] eall* 

eajna -^ephpe* ■ 

funbpien to poplbe. 

Pulbjief ealbop* 

jefpeotula nu ]^uph feapo^quept 

jnn rylpep peopc. 

roSpsept pijoji-beopht* 

3 pona poplaet* 

peall piS pealle. 

nu ip {mm peopce ]?eapp« 

l^iet pe cpaept^a cume* 

0. MS. ii6tjo9« 


* * * * king; 

Thou art the wall-stone> 

that of old the workmen 

from their work rejected : 

well it thee beseemeth^ 

that thou be head 

of the great hall, 

and unite 

the spaciouB walls 

with a &8t juncture, 

th* unfragile flint, 

that, among earth's dwellers, all 

with sight of eyes, . 

may for ever wonder. 

Chief of glory 1 

•manifest now through skill 

thine own work : 

just, gloriously bright, 

and forthwith leave 

wall opposite wall. 

Now to the work is needful, 

that the Skilful come, 

IS. Supplied from conjecturt. 


T j-e cyninj ry'f^* 
;] ]?onne jebete. 
nu jebpopxab if. 
huf unbeji hjiofe* 
he 'pKC hrS 2^fCop* 
leomo laemena* 
nu f ceal hf-jriiea. 
]^one pejijan heap- 
ppa]?um ahpebban. 
eapme ppom e^pan* 
ppa he ope bybe. 
eala |m peccenb* 
'J yu piht cyninj* 
pe ye locan healbe'S- 
hp ontyneb* 
eab^a . • . . up pijef . 
oj'pum poppypneb. 
phtijan pil-fifep. 
jip hip peopc ne beaj 
hupu pe pop ]?eappe* 
pBf popb pppeca"?. 
* .... jia*?. 
)>one ye mon 2^pcop* 
yset he ne hete * 
. . . ceope pppecan- 
ceappulpa f'ln;* 
yeyem capcepne* 
ptta« popjenbe. 
punnan pil-pi'S. 
hponne up hp-ppea- 
leoht ontyne* 
peopiSe ufpum mobe. 
CO munb-bopan- 
^ J^fiBt tybpe jepict. 




and the King himself^ 

and ii then repair. 

Now decayed is 

the house under its roof. 

he the body created^ 

limbs of clay. 

Now shall the Lord of life 

the abject band 

from foes deliver^ 

the miserable from terror^ 

as he oft did. 

Oh thou Ruler^ 

and thou just King, 

who the locks * * 

life revealM, 

deny'd to others. 

We at least for need, 

these words speak, 

* » * * 

him who created man. 

that we in prison 

sit sorrowing, 

the sun's course, 

when us the Lord of life 

may light disclose, 

be to our mind, 

as a protector, 

and the weak understanding 

c. Usmenuf 

IS. MS. >a. 

39. Very doubtful in MS. 



tijie bepinbe* 

jebo uj-ic Jwf pyjiiSe. 

^ he to jmlbpe fojilet* 

]?a ]?e heanlice* 

hpeoppan fceolban* 

to ^vf en^e lonb- 

e'81e befcyjiebe* 

}:oii}H>n fecjan maej- 

re8e fo*? fpjuce*. 

]^8et he ahpebbe* 

J'a fojibpyjijreb paaf • 

jqium-cyn ppa. 

Paef feo pemne 2^0^?* 

maejS manef leaf* 

^e he him to inebqi ^eceap. [8 b] 

yaet p»f jepojiben* 

butan pepef yjaga* 

l^set }?uph beapnef ^ebypb* 

bpyb eacen peap'S. 

naeni; epenhc ]?am« 

seji ne p]?]^aii* 

in poplbe jepeapIS* 

pipep 2^ftpi^un2« 

yadt bejol psef • 

bpyhtnef jep;^iie. 

eal popi jssftLc* 

^unb-fceat ^eonb-fpjieot^ 

]»&p pipia pela* 

peap% inhhteb* 

hi|ie lonjrame. 

}mph hjier jriiuinan- 

'pe aeji unbep hodman* 

biholen ke^pn* 

3. yt 

SS. This word oocun also once in Beowulf, 1. 4911 ; jiibenb jrpepi«-luele> in 
boVn&n. Mr. Kemble conjectures its meaning to be velamen, Hubes. 

♦B 2 



surround with honour. 

Make us thus worthy, 

whom he to j^oryhath admitted, 

those who humbly 

must return 

to this narrow land, 

deprived of country : 

therefore may say 

he who truth speaketh 

that he rescued 

that which had been perverted, 

tke race of men. 

Toung was the damsel, 

a maiden void of sin, [chose. 

whom to himself he for a mother 

That came to pass, 

without man's wocMngs, 

that, through childobeariiig, 

the bride was increased. 

Not any like to that, 

before nor after, 

in the world was, 

woman's desert : 

that was a secret 

mystery of the Lord, 

all a ghostly grace, 

earth's region it pervaded ; 

there many things 

became enlighten'd 

with longsome lore, 

through life's Author, • 

which ere in darkness 

had hidden lain, 


pit^ena po'S-fon;- 
ysL ye palbenb qK>m« 
yepe peopba jehpsf • 
pyne jemicIa'S* 
iSajia 'pe jeneahhe- 
iioman fcyppenbej- • 
]niph hojifcne hab* 
hepjan piUa«. 
Gala pbbe jephlS* 
fca hiepufalem* 
cyne-ftola cyft* 
quftef bupj-lonb. 
en^la eyel-ftoh 
*] ]m Sne in pe» 
faule fO'Speftpa- 
pulbpum hpemje; 
nsBjiIie pommef tacn* 
in pam eajib-^eapbe- 
eapeb peopJ^e'S* 
ac ye pjuna jehpylc* 
peop abuse's* 
pasjij^ T jepinnep* 
bift to pulbpe puU* 
hal^an hyhtej- • 
fpa )m jehat^en eapt. 
poh nu pylpa pei 
jeonb J^r pban jepceapt' 
fp^lce jiobojiej- hpop* 
jiume jeonb-plitan* 
^b healpa jehpone* 
hu pec beoponep cynin;* 
p^Se jepeceB. 




the oracles of prophets^ 

when the Powerful came^ 

he who of every speech 

the course enlargeth, 

of those who adequately 

the Creator's name^ 

through prudent nature 

will praise. 

O sight of peace ! 

holy Jerusalem 1 

choicest of royal thrones 1 

burgh-land of Christ I 

native seat of angels I 

and alone in thee 

the souls of the just 

ever rest 

in glories exulting. 

Never the sign of crime 

in that dweUmg pkce 

shall be manifested, 

but from thee each sin 

shall far retire 

of malediction and of strife 

thou art gloriously full 

of holy joy, 

as thou art call'd. 

See now thyself 

Over this wide creation, 

as also heaven's height, 

widely look o'er, 

around each side, 

how thee heaven's King 

in his course seeketh, 

and himself cometh. 

7. MS.liortiit. 

11. faula? 

51. MS. httlfa. 


nimeV eapb in ]«• 

fpa hit seji s^Fyjin* 

picjan yijjadpce* 

IK>pbiim fs^boD* 

cy^bon qujt»f jeb^b* 

qnebon 'pe tx) fiiofjie* 

hvLjvffL beclicaft* 

Na If ]^aet beajm c^en* 

apiecneb tx) pj^ipe* 

peojicum ebjiea* lo 

bjun^e'S bhjje ^* 

benba onlyj^eS* 

m}mm 2ene«be. 

neapo • • •, • 

• * J^ajipe conn* [9a] 

hu fe eajima fceal* 

ape 2^biban :• 

takeih in thee Ait difelling ; 
as it erst of yore, 
sagacious prophets 
with words declared, 
Christ's birth announced ; 
sud for thy^ comfort, 
best of cities ! 
' Now is that infont come, 
rais'd up for the overthrow, 
for affliction of the Hebrews : 
bringeth bliss to thee, 
looseneth thy bonds : 
hostilely subdued. 

how the miserable shall 
await mercy :• 


6ala pijia pynn* 
^eonb pulbpef J^pjm* 
pemne ppeobcaft* 
opep ealne ]:olban fceat* 
ysBf ^ aeppe pmb-buenb* 
pecjan h^bon* 
apece uf ymt jepyne* 
]?8et J^e op pobepum cpom< 
hu ]m eacnun^e* 
aeppe onpenje* 
beapnep Jniph jeb^be* 
*] ]H)ne ^ebebpcipe* 
septep mon-pip&n* 

O Delight of women 

throughout the host of glory, 
« damsel most noble 

over all earth's region, 

from what earth-dwellers ever 

have heard say ; 

relate to us the mystery, 

that from the skies came to thee, 

how thou increase 

ever didst receive, 

through child-bearing, 

and cohabitation, 
so after human wise. 

14. Here a leaf if obricutly wanting. 

ss. fanb-! sea Cmbn. p. 16, 1. 12. 



mob ne arSef* 
ne pe fO'Shce* 
fpylcne jepjiu^nan* 
m aeji-bajum* 
2Bfjie jelimpan* 
|xet «u in pm^-peFe. 
rpylce bepenje- 
ne pe ydsjie pyjibe- 
penaa )mp]:on« 
topeajib in nbe* 
hujiu tjieop m J'e* 
peoji^licu punabe. 
nu ]?u pulbjiep J^jiym* 
bojme jebaepe* 
3 no jebjiojuab peapiS* 
mse^Shab pe micla- 
ppa eal manna beajm* 
pojijmn papa's* 
fpa eft jupa'S* 
cenna'S to cpealme* 
q>e1$ po eabje nuej* 
pymle pjopep pull- 
pea majua* 

hpa&t ip ]^6op ponbpj^n;- 
}?e ^e papialS* 
3 2^m|ienbe* 
jehjmm msena'S- 
punu polijtnae* 
pomob hip bohtop* 
ppic5a« Jmjih pyppet. 
hu 10 paemnan-hab* 
munb mne jeheolb ^ eac 
moboji jepeaji'S mejie* 
meotubep pmia- 

in mind knewest not ; 

nor Boothly we 

the like have heard 

in days of yore 

ever to happen^ 

such as thou in special grace 

didst receive : 

nor we that event 

may expect 
10 to take place in time ; 

but in thee faith 

estimable dwelt. 

Now thou the Glory of majesty 

in thy bosom barest, . 

and was not injur'd 

thy pure virginity. 

So all children of men 

in sorrows sow, 

so again reap, 
90 bring forth to death. 

Spake the blessed maiden 

ever of triumph full, 

the holy Mary : 

' What is this wondering 

with which ye gaze, 

and murmuriog, 

in spirit grieve ? 

.T%e son of Salem, 

his daughter also, 
90 ask through curiosity, 

how I maidenhood, 

my purity preserved, and eke 

became the great mother 

of the Creator's son ? 

1. mobe? 



fOfipBn yseit monnum mp 

ac quft onpiiah* 
in bauibe)-* 
byppe mse^an* 
ys^ If euan fcylb* 
eal p>jipynbeb« 
pepjSa Spoppen • 
T jepulbpab if. 
pe heanpa faab* 
hyht If onpan^en* 
'pmt nvL bletfim; mot* 
b»m ^emaoile* 
pepum ^ pipum* 
a to populbe popiS* 
m l^am nplican* 
enjla bpeame* 
mib fo'S-psbep* 
fjmle pumaii* 
eala eapenbel* 
enjla beopht^- 
opep mibban-jeapb* 
mommm fenbeb* 
'J fO'Spefta* 
fonnaii leoma* 
topht opep tmn^laf • 
Jm fciba jehpane. 
op fylpum J^e* 
fjmle inhbcef • 
fpa Jm job op jobe- ^ 
jeapo aoenneb* 
funa fo]mn paeb^* 
fp^lef in pnlbpe* 

because to man is not that 

mystery kuown^ 

but Christ reveal'd^ 

in David's 

dear kinswoman^ 

that the sin of Eve is 

all tum*d away, 

tAe curses averted, 

and is glorified 
10 the humbler sex ; 

hope is received, 

that now blessing may, 

to both in common, 

men and women, 

ever henceforth, 

in the exalted 

joy of angels, 
[ 9 i ] with the just Father 

ever dwell.' 
90 O ray, 

of angels brightest, 

over mid-earth 

sent to men, 

and just 

beam of the sun, 

bright over the heavenly bodies ; 

thou each season, 

from thee thyself, 

ever enlightenst. 
80 As thou God of Gk>d, 

ready begotten, 

of the just Father Son, 

in the glory of the firmament. 

7. fojipenbeb? 
so. The word eapenbel also occun, with the signification of jubar, in the Gloi- 
eary of Moyen-Moutier. 





butan aDjmti^* 
sejipe pKpe* 

fpa ]?6C nu ]:op )^eap)aiiil< 
\\n a;en ^^peopc* 
bibe'S l^ujih bylbo* 
)wt ]^a l^a beojihtan uf • 
puman onfenbe* 
^ \% fylp cyme* 
)»iBt iSu inleohte* 
}?a ]?e lonje £p* 
f^popne be}^ahte« 
^ in }?eoftjiiim heji* 
fseton pn-neahtef • 
fynnum bifealbiie* 
beopc bea]^f r^abu* 
bpeo^an fceolban. 
nu pe hyhtpulle* 
h»lo jel^ptlS* 
t^uph J^aec popb jobef . 
peopobum bpunjen* 
\% on ppymlSe psep* 
pBbep »lmihti5um, 
epen-ece mib job- 
^ nu ept 2^peap'S- 
pkspc ppena leap« 
)wt peo pemne 2«b»p» 
jeompum to j^oce. 
job peep mib up^ 
jepepen bucan p;^nnu* 
pomob eapbebon* 
mihtnj meotubep beapn* 
^ pe monnep punu^ 
jej^aepe on }>eobe- 
pe ]^86p ]H)nc majon- 

without bqpnning 

ever wast, 

so thee now m need 

thine own work 

awaiteth with constancy, 

that thou to ua the bright 

sun aendest^ 

and thyself comest, 

that thou mayest enlighten 
10 thoae> who long ago, 

with vapour covered, 

and in darkness here 

sat, in continual night, 

with sins o'erwhelm'd, 

death's dark shadow 

must endure. 

Now we hopeful 

in the salvation trust, 

through that Word of Qod, 
90 brought to multitudes, 

which in the b^^inning was 

with the almighty Father, 

with God, coetemal, 

and is now become 

flesh void of sins, 

that the damsel bare, 

for salvation to the sad. 

Ood was with us, 

s^en without sins ; 
30 together dwelt 

the mighty Son of the Creator, 

and the son of man, 

in concord among people : 

we thanks may therefore 

S. >urylj:a? 



rymle bi jepypbtum* 
yxY ye he hme jylpie iif 
penban polbe. 
eala jsefta jpb* 
hu ]m ^leaplice- 
nub noman pyhte< 
nemneb paepe* 
fpa bit enjel ^^cpaerS* 
aspeft OIL ebpefc* 
^aet If ejt: ^^pebt* 
pume bi ^epyhum* 
nu If pobepa peapb* 
job f^Ifft mib uf • 
fpa yeeic jomele jep^pn- 
ealpa cynmja cyninj- 
3 ]H>ne cbenan eac* 
facepb folShce* 
fa^bon copeapb* 
fpa fe maepe m* 
jleap in jaeftpe- 
job-^ym onppah* 
ecef alpalban. 
fe paef £ bpinjenb* 
lapa laebenb* 
yam lonje hif • 
hybtan hibep-'C^e- 
fpa him jehaten paef* 
meotubef jflpi* 
polbe jefaelfian* 
folban ma^^« 
fpylce jpnnbaf eac* 

say to the Lord triumphant^ 

ever with reason^ 

for that he to us himself 

would send. 

O of all spirits Ood 1 

How wisely thou, 

rightly by name, 

wast nam'd 

Emanuel ! 
10 as it the angel said, 

•first in Hebrew, 

that is interpreted, ' grace,' 

by mjrsteries of runes. 

Now Is the Guardian of the skies, 

Ood himself with us ; 

so as of old, in times remote, 

of all kings the King, 

and eke the pure 

priest truly they 
90 said tt^otf to come; 

so, of yore, the great 


wise in spirit, 
[ 10 a ] the majesty of Ood reveal'd, 

of the eternal Ruler. 

He was the law bringer, 

of doctrines leader, 
' to those who had long his 

advent hoped for, 
90 as had to them been promised, 

that the Son 

himself of the Creator 

would purify 

the race of earth ; 

so also the abyss. 

IS. punaf 

28. >e add! 



p|?e jefecan* > 

nu hie fojrte ]wf • 

bibon in benbum* 

bponne beajm ^obef • 

cfome CO ceapipim* 

jx)]\]?on q>8ebon fpa* 

piflum ^efla&hte* 

nu ]m jylpi cum« 

beofonef heah-cynm;* la 

bjun; uf h»lo-h):- 

pejupim pite-l^eopum* 

pope popcymenum* 

bitpum bpyne teapunu 

ip peo bot ^olon;* 

eslKt'pe anum* 

* * opeji ]?eappum* 
h»ptap hyje ^eomjie* 
hibep • • . )^ behmban* 

* * • • • ep nu laec. » 
)H>nne }ni heonan cyjipe* 
ma&mjo ]mp rnide. 

ac ]ni nultpe on up* 

jecy^ cynehce- 

cjupt nepjenbe* 

pulbpep aej^lin;* 

ne Let apypjbe opeji up* 

onpalb ajan* 

Issp up ecne jepean* 

pulbpep )>mep« w 

]?»t ]?ec peoplSien* 

peopoba pulbop-cynin;* 

]wt J>u ^epophtep «ji. 

honbum ]^mujn* 

)ni in heanmppum* 

punapt pibe pep^* 

mib palbenb paebep :> 

through his spirit's power, 
seek in his course* 
Now for this they cahnly 
in bonds awaited, 
when the Child of God 
should come to the a£9icted, 
therefore spake thus, 
those into torments east : 
^ Now come thou thyself, 
high King of heaven, 
bring us a life of health, 
weary thralls 
worn out with weqiing, 
with bitter burning tears. 
The expiation is 
all in thy hand alone 

captives sad in spirit. 

when thou tum^st from h^ice, 

a multitude thus great. 

But do thou mercy upon us 

royally show. 

Saviour Christ 1 

Prince of glory ! 

let not the accursed over us 

power possess ; 

grant us eternal joy 

of thy glory, 

that thee may worship. 

Glory- King of hosts 1 . 

those whom thou wroughtest erst 

with thy hands. 

Thou in the heavens 

for ever dwellest, 

with the omnipotent Father.' 



6ala loj^e]^ mm- 
lacobef beapn* 
rnse; bambef • 
msejian cynmjej** 
nu )ni fpeobe fcealt* 
pefte jebaelan* 
IQsetan lupan mine* 
Ic lun^e earn* 
beope jebpepeb* 
borne bepeapob* 
fopiSon ic pbjm jpo|\ ]^< 
pojibe haebbe* 
pbjia ropja. 
3 faji-q>iba. 
heapmef jehypeb. 
3 me horp*fppeca*B. 
tojm-po)tba jpela- 
ic teapaf fceal* 
jeotan ^^omop-mob* 
jpb ea]^ mii^« 
^ehaelan hyje-ppje- 
heoptan mmpe* 
appefjian }:eafcea|:cne* 
6ala pemne ^eon;* 
msejS mapia* 
)>piet bemupneft ^« 
cleopajt; ceapijenbe* 
ne ic culpan m "pe* 
mean ssnipie- 
a&jrpe onpmbe* 





^ Alas my Josephy 

child of Jacob, 

kinsman of David, 

of the great king, 

now thou shalt from joy 

irrevocably separate, 

renomice my love.' — 

^ I suddenly am 

deeply a£Sicted, 

bereft of dignity ; 

because for thee I many 

words have 

of ample sorrows, 

and painful lamentations 

of evil heard ; 

and they speak to me scornfully 

angry words many. 

I tears shall 

shed, sad in mind ; 

God may easily 

heal the sorrow 

of my heart, 

comfort the distressed. 

Alas young damsel, 

maiden Mary 1'— 

' Why moumest thou, 

cryest sorrowfully ? 

I no fault in thee, 

any blame, 

have ever found. 

19. j^ofiba? 



pomma jepophtjui* 
3 ]?u ]?a pojib fpjuceft* 
fpa |ni rylpa pe- 
]ynna jehpylcjie- 
ppena jepylleb. . 
Ic to jrela h»bbe» 
f»f byjibjxjypef • 
bealpa onfonjen. 
hu ms^ ic lab^an* 
la]^an jrpjiaece* 
®W^ irpajie. 
»nije pnban. 
ppa]^um to-pi]^pe« 
ij* ]?8St; pibe culS* 
]?8et; ic Of ]?am tophtan^ 
temple bjtyhtnej** 
onpen; pjieolicc*. 
f»mnan da&ne* 
pomma leape* 
3 HU jehpyjij^b ip. 
)mph nat hpylcep. 
me nap]^eji bea;* 
pecje ne ppije. 
pp ic yds pppsece* 
]?onne p ceal bambep- 
ptanum apt^peb* 
jen ptjienjjie ip. 
]^8et ic mop)H>p hele* 
pcyle man-ppajia* 
lap leoba ^ehpam* 
lipjan p]^)>aii* 
pjiaco% m polcum. 
pa peo psemne onppah* 

for perpetrated crimes ; 

and thou the words speakest^ 

as thou thyself 

with every sin 

and crime wert filled/— 

I have too many, 

from this birth 

injuries received. 

How may I avoid 
10 hostile speech^ 

or answer 

any find 

against mjf foes ? 

It is widely known 

that I, from the bright 

temple of the Lord, 

received joyfully 

a damsel pure, 

spotless ; 
90 and all now is changed, 

through I know not what. 

Neither me availeth, 

speech nor silence : 

if I truth should speak, 

then must David's 

daughter die, 

slain with stones. 

Tet is it harder 

that I crime conceal, 
ao that I a perjurer shall^ 

hateful to every people, 

live afterwards, 

vile among nations/ — 

Then the damsel disclosed 

SI. The text is here apparently corrupt 



3 l^uf peopbabe* 
SoB ic recje. 
]mph pinu meotnibef • 
jasfta jeocenb* 
]?»t ic jen ne conn* 
Jiuph ^emsecfcipe* 
monnef opep* 
aenjef on eoji'San* 
ac me eaben peajilS- 
^eonjjie in ^eajibum* 
]^aet me jabjuhel* 
heojionef heaj-en^el* 
haelo ^ebobabe* 
faejbe fotilice. 
JwBc me fpejlef J«it:. 
leoman onlyhte* 
fceolbe ic lipef ]^pym* 
^ebepan beophtne pmu* 
beajm eacen jobef • 
tophtef tiji-jrjimna. 
nil ic bif tempel earn* 
^epjiemeb butaA pume* 
m me ppoppe* 
28S]T ^eeajibobe* 
nu ^u ealle pplset* 
pijie fopj-ceape. 
ja^a ecne ]^onc« 
maejinm meotobef pma* 
yeat ic bif moboji jepeap.^ 
jasmne popiS f e ]^eah« 
^ ]^u psebep q>eben* 
populbcunb bi pene* 





the trae mystery^ 

and thus spake : 

* Sooth I say^ 

by the Creator's Son, 

Saviour of souls, 

that I yet know not, 

through cohabitation 

man anywhere, 

any on earth } 

but it to me befell, 

young at home, 

that me Oabriel, 

heaven's- archangel, 


sud soothly, 

that me heaven's spirit * 

had with his ray iUumin'd, 

that I life's Glory should 

bear, a bright son, 

mighty child of Ood, 

of the bright Supreme. 

Now I his temple am 

without guile become 5 

in me of comfort 

hath the spirit dwelt. 

Now do thou dismiss all 

painful sorrow, 

say eternal thanks 

to the great Son of the Creator 

that I his mother have become, 

nathless a damsel still; 

and thou art his father call'd, 

worldly in estimation. 

10. Andid veiVr >es8y evenkU IBgo. Hald. Sm p. 479. 17> a&d Boet p. 197. ed.RawL 
tl. r. nji-jrpuman. 



fceolbe pitebom- 
m him rylpim beon. 
f oiJe jepylleb. 
6ala ]?u fO'Sa* 
3 ]m pbpima* 
ealjia cpmxffL cynm;* 
cjajz elnuhtQ* 
hu }^u »p paepe* 
eaUuin jepojiben* 
pojiulbe )^ymmum« . 
mib ymne pulboji-psebeji* 
cilb acenneb* 
^nph hij* cfiBspc 3 meahe. 
nif aem; nil* 
eopl unbeji lypte. 
fecj reapo-|?oncoh 
to J^sBf i^iSe jleap* 
l^e j^sei; apecjan mii^e* 
ajieccan mib p^hte* 
hu ]^ jiobejia peajib* 
set fpym^ ^enom* 
him to j:]ieo-beap]ie« 
]^8et pef J^ajia J^m^a* 
]?e hep ]^eoba c^mi* 
jejipiiSnen mib polcum* 
mt jrjmman aepept* 
jepopben mibep polcnum- 
^t piti; 2ob* 
hpep opb-ppwna- 
leoht 3 J^yftjio- 
jeba&Ibe bpyhthce* 
3 hun p»p bomep ^epealb* 
3 J^pipan abeab* 

should ihe prophecy 

in himself be 

truly fulfilled/— 

O thou true, 

and thou peaceful 

King of aU kings, 

Christ ahnighty 1 

how thou wast of old 

become for all 
10 the world's multitudes 

with thy glorious Father, 

a begotten child, 

through his skill and might ! 

7%ere is not any now 

man under heaven, 

mortal, cunning, 

to that degree sagacious, 

who that may say 

to earth's inhabitants, 
90 rightly recount, 

how thee the Guardian of the skiea 

at the beginning %o6k 

for his noble son; 

that was of those things 

which here the race of men 

leam'd among nations, .. 

at the beginning first . 

toAavehappen'dunder f4^.clo^d8, 

that a wise Gk)d, 
30 Origin of life 

light and darkness, 

parted divinely, 

and his was power of judgment, 

and in this wise announced 

4. Here the poet fpeaks in hit own penon. 




peojioba ealbop* 

nu pe ^epopben popjia* 

to piban peojie* 

leoht-lixenbe jejiea* 

lijzjenbjia jehpam* 

]^ in cneoiufpum* 

cenbe peoji'Sen. 

3 ]^ fona jelomp. 

y^ hit fpa pceolbe- 

leoma leobtabe* 

leoba ms&^vaa* 

tojiht nub tunjlum* 

Bdfceji ]^on tiba bi^on;* 

pj'lpa refct6. 

]^t ]?u ptmu p»}ie* 


nub jmine enjan ppean- 

aeji ]H>n oht J^ipfef • ' 

aepjie jepupbe* 

pu, eapt peo pn^ttjio* 

}w fap piban jepceapfc* 

nub ]^i palbenbe- 

pophtep ealle* 

poji]K>n nip aeni; ^p hoppc* 

ne l^aep hj^&^cjueptij* 

]?e )nn piiom-*>cyn masje* [llib] 

pjia beapnum* 

ppeotule 3epe]^an* . 

cum nn pijopep pea|ib.% 

meotob mon-*c^miep- so 

3 pme nultpa hep* 

ajipaept ype- 

up ip ealhun neob* 

^aet pe ]nn mebpei^^nn* 


the Chief of hosts s 

^ Let now therefore be^ 

for evermore, 

bright-shining joy 

to every living ofie, 

who in their generations 

shall be bom/ 

And then forthwith befell, 

when it so should, 

that a beam shed light 

to the tribes of nations, 

bright with stars. 

After the course of seasons : 

Himself resolv'd, 

that thou, his son, shouldst be 


with thy sole Lord, 

ere that aught of this 

had ever happen'd. 

Thou art the wisdom, 

who this wide creation 

with the Powerful 

wroughtest all; 

therefore is not any so wise, 

nor in mind so powerful, 

who may thy origin 

to the children of men 

manifestly declare. 

Come now. Lord of triumph. 

Creator of mankind, 

and thy kindness here 

propitious manifest ; 

to us all 'tis needfiil, 

that we thy maternal kin 

17. a^an or a^en t 

99. fjium-cyn? 

SI. MS. mil/rj-e. 



motan cunnan-, 

jiyht jejiyno* 

nu pe apeccan ne majon* 

peji opihte. 

yvL J^ifne mibban-^eajib* 
milbe jebliija* 
}niph ibnne hep-cyme* 
haelenbe qiift« 
1 1'a ^ylbnan ^eatu* 
)^ m jeaji-ba^um* 
pil lonje »p* » 
bilooen ftoban* 
heofona heah j^iea* 
bat ontynan* 
T upc )H>iuie jefece* 
|ni])h ]nn j^lpef xonj* 
ea'Smob to eopj^an* 
uf If ]^m]\a apna peajip. 
hapaiS fe apyjijba- 
pulj: tojrenceb* 
beop ba&b-fcua- 
bjiyhten )nn eopbe* 
pibe toppecene* 
]?8e& IStt palbenb mji* 
blobe jebohtef « 
J^set fe bealopilla* 
h^eS heajiblice* 
^ bun on hasfc nimelS* 
ojreji uffe nioba luft* 
fO][i]H>n pe nep^enb ^^ 
bibba% jeojihhce* 
bjieoft-jehyjbnm * 
I'set ]m hpsebhce* 

may know, 

the right mystery. 

Now we cannot reckon. 

thy paternal kin 

in any degree far. 

Do thou this mid-earth 

kindly bless 

through thine advent. 

Saviour Christ 1 
10 and the golden gates, 

that in days of old 

full long ere 

stood lock'd — 

high Lord of heaven 1 

bid open ; 

and us then seek 

by thine own coming 

humble to earth, 

to us thy benefits are needful, 
so Hath the accursed 

wolf scattered, 

dark death. 

Lord, thy flock, 

widely dispersed it, 

which thou. Lord, of old 

with tl^ blood boughtest ; 

which the Baleful 

cruelly oppresseth, 

and takes into his bondage, 
30 against our i^eeds' desire ; 

wherefore we thee our Preserver 

fervently pray, 

in our breast's thoughts, 

that thou speedily 

S9. beoju) ^ostf*jrcaj:a? 




belpe jepjiemme* 

pep^pim ppeccaii* 

l^aefc f e picef bona* 

in helle jpunb* 

bean ^ebjieope* 

*] )?m honb-^epeojic* 

hssle^VL fcyppenb* 

mote aju]*an« 

^ on jiybt cuman* 

to ]^am upcimban* 

ej^lan pice* 

)H>nan uf »p )^uph fyn-luft* 

fe fpeapta jaejt;. 

popteab ^ poptylbe. 

f aefc pe tipej- pone* 

a bucan enbe pculon* 

epmj^u bpeo^an* 

but:an pu upc Jw)n opopthcop* 

ece bpybten* 

»t ]?am leob-pcea]?an« 90 

kp^enbe job- 

belm alpihta* 

bpebban pille ;• 

afford help 

to wfeary exiles^ 

that the tormentor 

into hell's abyss 

degraded fall^ 

and that thy hand-work^ 

Creator of men ! 

may arise, 

and rightfully come 

to the sublime 

noble realm, 

whence us erst, through love of sin . 

the swart spirit 

drew and inveigled, 

that we of glory void, 

ever without end should 

miseries suffer, 

save thou us the more speedily, 

Lord eternal ! 

from the destroyer, 

living God ! 

Patron of all beings ! 

wilt deliver. 


6ala ]m maepa* 
peo claenepce* 
cpen opep eopj^an 


O thou Mary, 
of this mid-world 
the purest 
woman upon earth. 

14. jrojicealbe, seduced by false stories? 

S4. mspa is, undoubtedly, an error of the scribe for majiia. 

97. Here a leaf of the MS. has apparently been cut out 




J^pa )?e jepujibe. 
to pibari jieope* 
hu ]?ec mib pybte* 
ealle jieopb-bejienb. 
hata'S ;j j-ecja^S. 
hsele'S jeonb polban. 
bli)^e mobe- 
yeat pn bpyb pe. 
}^«|' j-eleftan. 
rpejler bpyttan* 
J7ylce )?a hyhffcan. 
on heofonum eac* 
cpiftef )?ejnaf . 
cpeJya^S ^ j-mjaii. 
]tet ]7U pe hls&jzbije* 
bal^um meahrum* 
3 pojilcunbjia* 
haba unbep heofonum* 
3 hel-pajia- 
):op)^on ]?u )^8et ana* 
ealjia monna* 
je)?ohfceft j?|iymhce* 
)?jujt-hycjenbe • 
pxt ]?u l^inne msej^hab 
meotube bjiohtef • 
j-ealbef butan jynnum- 
nan fpylc ne q>oni* 

opep ealle men* 
bpyb bea^a hpoben* 
]?e ]?a beophtan lac* 
CO heo):on-hame* 
hlutpe mobe* 

of those who have been 

throughout all ages : 

how thee with right 

all with speech endow'd 

name and say^ 

men over earth, 

blithe of mood^ 

that thou art bride 

of the most excellent 
10 Lord of heaven : 

so also the highest 

in the heavens, also 

Christ's disciples 

say and sing, 

that thou lady art, 
' with holy virtues, 

of the glory-host 

and of mundane 

natures imder the heavens, 
90 and of hell's inmates $ 

for that thou that alone < 

of all mankind 

nobly didst resolve, 

boldly devising, 

that thou thy maidenhood 

to the Lord wouldst bring, 

give without sins. 

None such came, 

any other, 
30 among all men, 

a bride with rings adom'd, 

who the bright offering 

to the heavenly home, 

with pure mind 

1 . MS. fajia eje pujibe. /. ^epujiben. 



pypon fenbe. 

pop^Bon hehfc pjojiej- ):iiuma< 

hij* heah-boban* 

hibep jepleojan* 

Of hif msejen-J^pymme* 

^ 'pe meahta fpeb. 

fDube cySan* 

J?»c J7u funu bjiyhtnef* 

"puph claene jebypb- 

cennan fceolbe* 

monnum to nultpe* 

*j pe mapia fop's* 

epne unpemme* 

a jebealben. 

eac pe pset jeppujnon* 

}?»fc jepypn bi J?e. 

po'Spaepc psBjbe. 

pum po'8-bopa. 

m ealb-bapim* 


]wt he psepe ^els&beb* 

psst he hpep jepfcealb* 

in psan ecan ham* 

eal pceapobe* 

plafc l^a ppa pifpaept- 

picja jeonb ]7eob-lanb. 

o]>]^8et: he ^eptapobe* 

l^ep jepcaj^elab p»p* 

teipehc in-jon;* 

eal paep ^ebunben* 

beopan pince* 

bupu opms&te* 

punbup-clommum beppi)?en 

p^nbe rpi«e. 

sent afterwards ; [bade 

therefore the Lord of triumph 

his high messenger 

hither fly, 

from his majesty, 

and to thee his might's efficacy 

quickly make known, 

that thou the son of the Lord, 

io pure nativity, 
10 shouldest bring forth, 

in mercy to mankind, 

and thyself, Mary, still, 

equally undefiled 

ever preserve. 

Also we that have heard, 

what in old times of thee 

said truly 

a prophet, 

in ancient days, 
90 Isaiah, 

that he had been led 

where he life's dwelling-place, 

in that eternal home 

all beheld ; 

looked then thus the wise 

prophet o'er the region, 

till that he beheld 

where was placed 

a noble entrance : 
so all was l:y>und 

with precious metal, 

the door immense 

with wondrous bands begirt 

tum'd very * ♦ 

14. jebealban. 

23. )>sep ? 34. The adverb is apparently wanting. 




Jyaec aenij elba« 

aepjie meahte* 

j'pa psejtlice. 

};ope- j'cy tcelf aj' • 

on ecnefj-e- 

o in hebba* 

oJ^J^e •88Bf ceaftep-hlibef 

clu]*toji onlucan* 

aep him jobef enjel. 

}7U]ih jlaebne jej^ouc- 

]fa pi)*an onpjiah* 

3 }78ec pojib aquae's* 

ic )?e m«5 fecjan* 

J?»c j*oiS jepeaji^. 

J?«c iSar jylbnan jafcu- 

jiefc fume pj^e- 

job rylf pile. 

jaeftef maejne* 


):aebep a&lmihtij. 

^ }mjih )?a jzsejran locu 

jiolban neofan> 

*3 hio )>on aeftep him- 

ece fconbe'8. 

pmle finjalef . 

j'pa beclypeb. 

f ncenij dpeji. 

nymj^e nepjenb job- 

hy aejqie ma- 

epc onluce^* 

nu |wfc If jepylleb. 

J?aec fe j::jioba )?a- 

nub eajiim )>8ep* 


[12 A.] 




2. ne is obviously wanting after 8Bj:|ie. 
JO. z\asjfne (i\etifne)f> 

80 that any mortal 

might never 

such firm 


to all eternity 

aught raise^ 

or of that city's gate 

unlock th* inclosure^ 

ere to him God's angel^ 

through skilful thought^ 

the way disclos'd^ 

and the word spake : 

' I to thee can say 

(what soothly happen'd) 

that these golden gates, 

yet on a time, 

God himself will, 

by Aw spirit's power, 

make pure, 

M' Almighty Father, 

and through the firm barriers 

earth visit, 

and they then after him 

shall ever stand 

always constantly 

so closed, 

that no other, 

save the Saviour God 

them evermore 

shall again open/ 

Now is that fulfill'd 

what the sage then 

there with eyes 

look'd on : 

6. opihc hebban? 



pu eapt pKt peall-bop* 

l^ujih pe palbenb pjiea* 

ene on j?af eo]i]^an* 


3 efne fpa )?ec jemefcfce. 

meahtum jehjiobene* 

claeue *] j^^^P^Q^' 

fpa %e aejzteji him* 

enjla J^eoben* 

efc unma&le* 

«lcef J^injef. 

hopn-cas^dLXi bileac* 

hyey bpytta. 

lopa uf nu ]?a ape- 

'pe fe en^el J^e- 

jobej- jrpel-boba- 

jabjuel bpohte* 

bupu ]?aef bibba'S- 


}wt "Su )?a fpojzjie. 

)X)lcum c]^e* 

]?mpe rylpiie funu* 

fi]^]?an pe motam- 


ealle byhcan. 

nu pe on ]?8et beapn jx>pan 

bpeojTum ftapia'S. 

jejnnja up nu- 

(ypiltiim popbum* 

pxt he up ne laete* 

lenj opihte* 

m J^ippe beaS-bene* 

jebpolan hypan* 

Thou art that wall-door ; 

through thee the powerful Lord^ 

once on to this earth 

proceeded ; 

and lo ! thus he found thee^ 

adorn 'd with virtues, 

pure and chosen, 

Christ Almighty. 

Thus thee after him 
10 the Lord of angels 

again, without spot 

of any kind, 

with a key closed, 

the Lord of life. 

Manifest to us now the honour 

that to thee the angel, 

God's messenger, 

Gabriel brought. 

At least this beseech we 
30 dwellers on earth, 

that thou the comfort 

make known to people, 

thine own son, 

that we may afterwards, 

with one accord 

all exult. 

Now we before that child 

gaze in our thoughts : 

intercede for us now 
30 with bold words, 

that he let us not 

any longer, 

in this vale of death, 

error obey. 

13. lit, with limb keys. 

37. i. e. on-jpojian y beajui, per tmesin. 



ac J?aec he uj'ic jejzepje. 

in j-'aebep-pice- 

J>aep pe fopjleape. 

p)^)?an motan. 

pumjan in pulbpe* 

mib peopoba job. 

eala ]f\i halja* 

heopona bpyhten. 

]?u mib paebep ]?inne. 

jepypn psepe* 


in )?am 8e]?elan ham. 

n»j' aemj )?a jiefc. 

enjel jepopben. 

ne l^aep miclan. 

mae jen-)?pymmef . 

nan ^e m pobepum up* 

pice bepitijaB. 

J^eobnep }?py8-jeftealb. 

3 hip l^ejnunja. [13 o.] 

J>a J?u aepept peepe. 

mib J^one ecan jipean* 

jylp pettenbe. 

J>ap piban jepceapt. 

bpabe bpyten-jpunbap. 

baem mc ip jemaene. 

heah jaepfc hl€<^»)^. 

pe pe hselenb cpijr. 

]>uph ea'Smebu* 

ealle bibba'S. 

}?aec J?u jehype. 

haepra jtepne. 

)?mpa nieb-)>iopa* 

nepjeube job. 

but that he us convey 

into his Father's kingdom^ 

where we sorrowless 

may after 

dwell in glory 

with the God of hosts. 

O thou holy 

Lord of heaven^ 

thou with thy Father 
10 of old wast 


in that noble home. 

As yet was not any 

angel created^ 

nor of that great 


any, who in the skies above, 

the realm might rule, 

the dwelling of the Lord 
90 and of his ministers 3 

when thou wast firsts 

with the eternal Lord, 

thyself fixing 

this wide creation, 

broad spacious grounds 5 

to you both it 'b common. 

Exalted, sheltering Spirit ! 

We thee. Saviour Christ, 

in lowliness 
30 all beseech, 

that thou hear 

the captives' voice, 

thy slaves'. 

Saviour God ! 

19. tHrmaram static. 

20. minlstcria. 



hu pe jinb jtfpencte* 
J?ujih ujie rylpjiia jepill* 
habba'S pjisec-msec^af • 
pepjan jaertap. 
hetlen hel-fcea]^a* 
beajibe jenyjipab- 
^ebunben bealo-jiapum 
ip peo bofc jelonj. 
eall aet }?e anum* 
ece bpyhten* 
hpeop-ceajujum help* 
y^Rt 'pm. hibeji-cyme* 
appepjie peapceapte* 
}>eah pe peh)H> pi"? )?ec. 
]^ujih ppena lupt* 
jeppemeb h»bben. 
ajia nu onbehtum* 
T uppe yjim]?a jej^enc- 
hu pe t:ealt:pi3a'S* 
tybpan mobe* 
hpeappia'S heanhce. 
cym nu haelej^a cynin;* 
ne lata to lanje* 
up ip Lppa )?eapp« 
ymt "pn up ahpebbe* 
3 up haelo-jiepe- 
po^Spaepfc pylle. 
)7aet pe p]?]?an pop's* 
y^ pellan J^in;* 
pymle mot:en. 
2e]?eon on }7eobe* 
)?mne pillan :• 

how we are afflicted, 

through our own wills. 

Us exiles have^ 

the accursed spirits^ 

hateful hell fiends^ 

cruelly constrained^ 

bound with cords pernicious. 

The compensation 's long 

of thee alone. 
10 Lordp eternal! 

help the penitent^ 

that thine advent 

comfort the desolate ; 

though we feuds against thee^ 

through lust of sins, 

have fram'd. 

Pity now thy servants, 

and on our miseries think, 

how we stumble, 
00 feeble-minded, 

wander abject. 

Come now, king of men, 

tarry not too long, 

to us thy grace is needful, 

that thou us deliver, 

and us saving grace, 

just one! give, 

that we henceforth 

those better things 
30 majr ever folloWf 

obey in the world, 

thy will. 

5. hedan (hecolan) hel-jcea>aj? 19» ^e MS. 

31. 3e>eon occurs hereafter in the same sense : t ic >e ^ej^eo^^in^a ^ehpylce. 



Gala j-eo pJitije. 
peojiiSmynba jzull. 
heah ^ halij* 
heofimcunb J^jiynep . 
bpabe jebhj-pib. 
jeonb bpycen-ponjaf . 
]?a mib jiyhte fculon- 
jieojib-bepenbe • 
eajime eoji'8-pajie. 
ealle maejene* 
hepjan healice. 
nu uf helenb job- 
paepfaefC onppah* 
f pe hine pican motan 
fopj^on by bseb-hpaete* 
borne jeppi'Bbe. 

pepaphinner ^Tynn. 
uppe mib enjlu* 
a bpemenbe- 
uDa]^eotenbum • 
]?pymmum pnjaiS. 
):ul heahce* 
hluban fce}:ne- 
psejpe feop ^ neah* 
habba]? foljoj^a* 
cyjT mib cyninje. 
him ]?»t cpift fOji'^esLji' 
Jwc by motan hij* aetpipce 
eajum bpucah* 
]ninle pnjalej'.' 
]-pexle jehypjce. 


[13 a.] O the beauteous, 

full of dignity, 

high and holy, 

heavenly Trinity, 

widely bless'd 

over the spacious world 

whom should justly all 

with speech endued, 

poor dwellers upon earth, 

with all might 

praise highly. 

Now hath to us the Saviour God 

faithful reveal'd, 

that we him may know ; 

therefore they strenuous, 

confirmed in power, 

the just 

race of seraphim, 

above with angels, 

ever celebrating, 

in unwearying 
[13 i6,] numbers sing, 

full highly, 

with loud voice, 

sweetly far and near : 

they have of services 

a choice with their Bang. 

Them Christ that gave, 

that they his essence may 

M'ith eyes enjoy : 

ever constantly 

these ornaments of heaven 

S3, rpejler? 





peop'Sian palbenb- 
pibe ;j pbe. 
3 mib hyjia pj^jium. 
fjiean selmihtijef • 
onfyne peap"8. 
ecan bpybtnep • 
3 ymb feoben-pcol- 
fpinja'B 26opne« 
hpylc bypa nehpt mseje 
ufpim nep^enbe- 
phhte lacan- 
fpi^B-jeapbu in. 
lopaiS leoplicne* 
3 in leohte him* 
'pa. popb cpe]7a'S- 
3 pulbpia^* 
»)^elne opb-ppuman- 
ealpa jepceapca- 
hali; eapt ]ni hah;- 
heah-en^la bpe^o- 
PC'S pjopep ppea* 
pimle ]7u bipt ball;* 
bpybtna bpybten* 
a pm bom punaiS* 
eop'Sbc nub selbu* 
m a&lce tib* 
pibe jepeop]nib* 
pn eapt peopoba ^ob* 
pop]^on pn jepylbepc* 
polban ^ pobopa]** 
pi^enbpa bleo* 
pulbpep )?inep. 
belm alpibc^a* 
pe J'e m beanneppum* 

worsbip the Supreme 

wide and far, 

and witb tbeir wings 

the Lord Almigbty's 

countenance protect, 

th' eternal Lord's ; 

and around the tbrone 

press fervently, 

wbicb of tbem nearest may 
10 about our Saviour 

sport in fligbt, 

in the courts of peace. 

They praise the beloved, 

and in ligbt to bim 

tbese words utter, 

and glorify 

the noble origin 

of all creatures : 

Holy art tbou, boly, 
20 Lord of archangels, 

true Lord of triumph ; 

ever tbou art boly. 

Lord of lords ; 

thy power for ever lastetb 

earthly witb men, 

in every time, 

widely rever'd ; 

tbou art God of hosts, 

for that tbou bast filled 
30 earth and heavens. 

Safeguard of warriors ! 

with thy glory, 

Patron of all beings ! 

be to thee in the highest 

1. peojAiaXJ 

5. peajibiat^? 



ece haelo* 
^ in eopl^an lof* 
beojiht mib beojinum. 
)?u jebletfab leo|:a- 
)?e in bjiyhtnef noman 
bu^ej^um q>ome* 
heanum to hju)]?pe« 
]?e 111 heah)?um pe- 
a butan enbe* 
ece hejienif :• 


eternal healthy 
and on earth praise, 
bright with men. 
Live thou blessed, 
who, in the Lord's name, 
with power comest, 
in comfort to the humble ; 
to thee in the heavens be, 
ever without end, 
eternal praise. 


Gala hpaefc * 

O what * 

» # « 

* » • 

]?8et If ppaeckc ppixl- 

that is a wondrous change 

m pepa Lpe* 

in the life of men. 

psdtze mon-cjmnef • 

that of mankind 

nulbe fcyppenb* 

the benign Creator 

onpen; »t penman • 

receiv'd from a damsel 

fbRfc unpemme* 

flesh immaculate, 

^ po pepep ppija. 

and of man's love she 

piht ne cuj^e* 

90 nothing knew ; 

ne ]?uph p»b ne cpom* 

nor through deed came 

pjopep ajenb- 

the Lord of triumph 

monnep opep molban* 

of man on earth. 

ac ^Bdt ptep ma cpaept* 

but that was greater craft 

)?on hit eop'S-buenb* 

than it earth's dwellers 

ealle cu)^an« 

all know. 

]?uph jepjrne. 

through mystery. 

hu he pobepa j'pim- 

how he. Glory of the skies. 


11. here more than a line is wanting. 80. MS. niht:. 




[14 a.] 

heofona heah j-Tiea- 

helpe jepjiemebe. 

monna cynne* 

l^ujih hif moboji hjiif* 

^ rpa foji^B jonjenbe. 

folca nepjenb* 

hif fopjipief fe. 

jumum to helpe* 

bsele'S bo^a jehpam- 

bpyhten peopoba- 

}:op}K)n pe hrne bom-hpabe* 

baebum ^ popbum* 

hepjen holbLce* 

l^set If heahc pttb* 

monna ^ehpylcum* 

^ jemynb hapa'S* 

pddt he fjmle opcoft. 

•5 inlocaft* 

•5 jeopnLcoffc- 

job peopl^ije. 

he him J^aepe hf j-e. 

lean popplbe^* 

pe jehaljoba- 

haelenb pylp* 

epne m ^am eSle- 

y»li he 8ep ne cpom* 

m lipjenbpa* 

lonbep pynne. 

]?aep he jepaehj. 

pj^JTan eapbaS* 

ealne piban peoph* 

puna's butan enbe :• Amen. 




the heavens' high Lord 

fram'd help 

to the race of men, 

through his mother's womb, 

and so forthcoming. 

Saviour of people 

his forgiveness, 

in help to men, 

dealeth each day, 

the Lord of hosts ; 

therefore we him strenuously, 

in deeds and words, 

praise faithfully. 

That is high coimsel 

to every man 

that hath mind, 

that he ever, most often, 

and most inwardly, 

and most zealously, 

God worship, 

he him for that affection 

the reward will pay, 

the hallow'd 

Saviour himself, 

even in that country 

where he ere came not, 

in the joy 

of the land of the living ; 

where he happy 

afterwards shall dwell 

for evermore, 

rest without end. Amen. 



Nu )?u jeojinlice. 


mon fe msejia* 

mob-cpsejite fee- 

l^upb fepan fnyttjio- 

J^aec ]?u foS pifce. 

hu yxt ^eeobe- 

pSL fe selmihtija* 

acenneb peap'S* 

]?uph claenne hab* lo 

p};];an he mapian* 

m»j8a peolman. 

mseppe meoplan- 

munb-healf jeceaf . 

pxt psdji in hpitum* 

hp»;lum jepepebe. 

enjlaf ne oiSeopbun. 

I^a fe sej^elmj q>om* 

beopn in betlem. 

boban p»pon ^eappe. to 

^SL ]7uph hleoj'op-q'ibe* 

hypbum cyiJbon. 

faejbon foiJne jepean* 

]78etce funu paepe* 

m mibban-^eapb- 

meotubef acenneb • 

in betleme* 

hpaej^e in bocum ne q>i'S* 

l^et by in bpitum ]?»p« 

hjise^Ium o'Sypben* ao 

m l^a lej^elan tib* 

fpa bie epc bybon. 

Now do tbou earnestly, 
in spiritual mysteries, 
thou great man, 
with mental skill seek, 
through wisdom of mind, 
that thou may'st truly know, 
how that came to pass, 
• when the Almighty 
was born, 

through state of purity, 
after that he Mary, 
of maidens choice, 
illustrious damsel, 
for mother chose, 
that there, in white 
robes clad, 
angels appear'd not, 
when the Prince came, 
the Chief in Bethlem ? 
Messengers were ready, 
who through revelation 
to the shepherds announced, 
told real joy, 
that a son was, 
in mid-earthy 
of the Creator bom, 
in Bethlem; 

yet in books it saith not, 
that they there in white 
robes appear'd, 
in that glorious tide, 
as they did after. 




)^a ]*e bjiQo mejia* 
to bethania- 
j^oben j^pympaep:. 
hif J'ejna jebpyht. 
jelaSabe leof peopub. 
hy yxy lajieopef • 
on {'am pil-baeje* 
popb ne jehyjipbon. 
hyjia pnc-pepan. 
fona p»pon jeappe- 
hafle^ mib hlapopb* 
to ]wpe haljan bypj* 
]>sep him tacna pela* 
tipep bpytta- 
onppah pulbpep helm- 
popb- jepynum • 
8epj>on up-ftije. 
^-cenneb pmu* 
epen-ece beapn* 
ajnum paebep* 
yxf ymb peopeptij. 
)?e he op polban »p* 
ppom bea'Se apap • 
ba^ena jumep* 
hsBpbe )?a jepylleb. 
ppa aep bipopan pmijon 
pitjena popb. 
jeonb popnlb mnan* 
jaiph hip ]^opin;a. 
I^pia)* hepebon. 
lupebim leoppenbum* 
hpep ajenb* 
paebep ppum-pceapta. 
he him paejpe |>»p. 

[14 A.] 




when the great Prince^ 

in Bethany^ 

the majestic Lord, 

his band of disciples 

assembled, the dear company. 

They the Teacher's, 

(on that welcome day), 

words despised not, 

their benefactor's. 

Soon were ready 

men with Lord, 

for that holy town. 

There to them many signs 

the Lord of empire 

show'd, the Chief of glory, 

in oral mysteries, 

ere that ascended 

the one-b^otten Son, 

the co-eternal Child, 

to Aw own Father,— 

after he forty 

(that he ere from earth, 

from death arose,) 

numbered days 

had then fulfill'd, 

as ere of old had sung 

the words of prophets, 

throughout the world, — 

through his passion. 

His disciples lauded, 

prais'd the dear 

Lord of life. 

Father of creations. 

He to them kindly therefore. 

1. MS. bjieja. 

81. lofedun? see p. 31.1. 31. 



leopim ^epjmiii* 
lean sejzteji ^eaj:* 
■] J^aet popb acpa&'S- 
palbenb en^Ia* 
Xejzyreb ppga mihtij. 
to faebeji pice» 
jepeoiJ je on j»p'8^5e- 
nsej-Tie ic jqiom*hpeoppe< 
ac ic lupan fymle. 
teffce ftS eopic* 
3 eop meaht pepe* 
•5 mib-punije* 
apa to ealbpe* 
]78et eop sepjie ne biiS* 
]?ujih ppe mine* 
jobep onpen 


to his lov'd comrades, 

recompense after gave, 

and these words spake 

the Ruler of angels, 

the mighty Lord, hastening 

to his Father's kingdom : 

Rejoice ye in spirit, 

I will never from tfou depart 

but I love ever 

will show towards you, 

and will give you might, 

and with you stay 

for evermore, 

that from you shall never be, 

through my grace, 

God's countenance 


papa's nu jeonb ealne- 
ypmenne ^uub* 
jeonb pibe pejap- 
peopebum cy'SaiS* 
bobia^ ^ bpema^* 
beophtne ^eleapan* 
^ pulpia'S* 

pole unbep pobepum* 
hpeoppa^ to heoponum 
hepjap bpeota]?* 
pyllaiS T peo^aS* 
peonbpcype bpaepcaS* 
pbbe papa^« 
on pepan manna- 
]?uph meahta ppeb« 
ic eop mib-punije* 



go now over all 

the spacious earth, 

through the wide ways, 

announce to multitudes, 

preach and proclaim 

bright belief, 

and baptize 

the people under the firmament, 

to heaven turn theth, 

idols break, 

cast down and hold in hate, 

extinguish enmity, 

sow peace 

in the minds of men, 

by virtue of your powers : 

I will stay with you. 

13. MS. ajo. 16. Here two or more Knee are obviously wanting. 91. MS. pib. 




jiop^S on Fjioppe. 

^ eop fpxSe healbe* 

fqienjiJu ftajiol-peftpe- 

on ftope jehpajie. [15 a*] 

Da peaji'S femmnja* 

fpej on lyjzce. 

hlub jehyjieb. 

heofon-en^la J^jieat- 

peopub plite pcyne. 

pulbpep apap* 

cpomun on cojilSjie. 

cynmj ujie ^epat* 

]?uph ]7»f templep hpop* 

]?aep hy co-pejun- 

]^ pe leopep pa, ^en* 

lapt peapbebum* 

on )?am J^mj-ptebe* 

l^epiap ^ecopene* 

jej^on hi on beah]ni* 

hlapopb ftijan* 

job-beapn op ^unburn* 

hun paep ^eomop pepa* 

hat set heoptan- 

hyje mupnenbe- 

J?»p |>e hi ppa leopne. 

lenj ne moptun- 

;epeon unbep p^^le. 

pon; ahopun- 

apap upancunbe* 

Bepehn-^ hepebum* 

lopebun hp-ppuman* 


pe op )?»p haelenbep. 

heapelan hxte* 



still in comfort 

and in peace hold you^ 

with firm strength^ 

in every place. 

Then was suddenly 

in the air a sound 

loud heard ; 

a band of heavenly angels, 

a company of beauteous aspect, 

messengers of glory, 

came in a body. 

Our King departed 

through the temple's roof; 

there they beheld^ 

(those who had yet the beloved's 

traces watched, 

in that meeting-place, 

the chosen disciples,) 

they saw on high 

the Lord ascending, 

the diiane child from earth ; 

their mind was sad^ 

hot were they at heart, 

in spirit mourning, 

because they one so dear 

longer might not 

see under the sky* 

Rais'd a song 

the celestial messengers, 

prais'd the Prince, 

lauded Life's origin, 

in the light rejoiced, 

which from the Saviour's 

head gleam'd. 

3. /. fcji^'fit, unlets the word be sometimes indeclinable. 



jefejon hy ael-beophte* 

enjlaf fcpejen- 

jaejjie ymb f fpum-beapn 

fpastyum. bLcan- 

cynin^a pulbop. 

cleopebon of heah)m* 

popbum pjiaeclicum* 

opep pepa menpi* 

beophcan peopbe* 

hpset biba% je^ 


piman on hpeappte* 

nu je ppeotule jepeo?. 

po^ne bpyhfcen- 

on ppejl papan* 

pjopep ajenb- 

pile up heonan* 

eapb jeptijan. 

aipehn^SL opb* 

mib |>ap en^la jebpybt. 

ealpa polca ppuma* 

psebep ej^el-jtoll :• 



They saw all-bright 

angels twain 

fairly about that first born 

glittering resplendently. 

Glory of kings. 

From on high they cried^ 

in wondrous words^ 

over the multitude of men^ 

with clear voice : 

' Why bide ye 


men about ? 

now ye see manifestly 

the true Lord 

into heaven going : 

the Lord of triumph 

will up from hence 

his habitation enter, 

{the Chief of Princes, 

with this train of angels, 

Creator of all people,) 

his Father's kingdom/ 



ye mib jTyphce. 
Ideate piUa'S- 
opep heopona jehhbu 
hlapopb pepjan* 

We with such 
a company will, 
over heaven's vaults, 
the Lord conduct 

• This poem evidently forms a continuation of the one preceding. 




to l^a&pe bepjihtan bypj. 

mib J^af bliiSan jebjiyc. 

Caljia pje-beajina. 

l>8ec felejtre. 

•5 aejjelejt^. [15 A.] 

J>e je hep pnftapia^* 

T in i-Tioppe jefeoS. 

ppaetpu blican- 

pile epc fpa-)^eah* 

eop^an ma^^e* 

rylpa jepecan. 

pbe hepje. 

•5 J?on jebeman* 

baeba jehpylce« 

l^pa 'Se jeppemebon* 

pole unbep pobepum. 

Da paef pulbpep peapb- 

polcnu bipenjun* 

heah-enj^la cynin;* 

opep hpopap upp^ 

hali^pa helm* 

hyht paef ^enipab* 

bhp in buppim- 

]niph ]?8ef beopnep cyme. 

jepaefc pje-hpemij. 

on )^a fpi];pan hanb* 

ece eab-ppuma* 

ajnum paebep. 

^epican him ^a. ^on^an* 

CO hiepu]^eni* ao 

haeleiS hyje-pope* 

m Sa hal^an bupj* 



to the bright city, 

with this joyous host — 

Of all the sons of triumph 

the best, 

and noblest, 

whom ye here gaze on, 

and in comfort see, 

glittering resplendently, 

will yet again 

the tribe of earth 

seek himself, 

with ample train, 

And then judge 

.each deed 

that have perform'cf 

the nations under heaven. 

Then was glory's Guardian 

taken in clouds, 

th^ archangels' King, 

up on high^ 

the Patron of the holy ; 

joy was renewed, 

bliss in the cities, 

through the Chief's coming. 

Sat victorious, 

on the right hand, 

th* eternal Source of bliss^ 

of his own Father. 

Then went journeying 

to Jerusalem 

the noble-minded men, 

into the holy city, 

sad in spirit ; 

18. bijranjtn? 

to. Lit. oner r^oja. 



l^onan hy ^ob nybft* 
eapim fejun- 
hyjia pil-ppan. 
]?ieji p»f popef hjun;* 
tojine bitolben- 
paef feo fcjieop lupi. 
hac mt heoptan, 
bpe^eji mnan peoU* 
beojin bpeojT-pepa. 
bibon ealle ]^)i. 
l^ejnap J^pympiUe* 
t^eobne]* ^ebaca* 
in ]?»pe tophtan bypi; 
cyn nibc )?a-jen. 
ppa him )yl]: bibeab- 
ppejlej' ajenb. 
aep Jion up-jTije- 
eallej* palbenb* 
on heopona jehylb* 
hpite cpoman* 
eopla eab-jiepan* 
enjlap tojeanef • 
D»t ij- pel cpeben. 
fpa jeppicu j'ecja'S. 
^ him sel-beophtce* 
enjlaj- tojeanef* 
m \h haljan nb* 
heapum cpoman* 
pijan on j'pejle. 
pa paep jymbla maejt:- 
jepopben m pulbpe. 

whence they God last 


saw with eyes^ 

their Bene£Eictor« 

There was the weeping circle 

overwhelmed with anger ; 

their true love was 

hot at heart ; 

their spirit boil'd within^ 
10 bum'd their breast's thoughts- 
There awaited all 

his glorious followers 

their Lord's behests, 

in that bright city, 

yet ten nights, 

as had himself commanded 

the Lord of heaven* 

Ere ascended 

the Prince of all 
90 into heaven's vault, 

came white 

angels towards 

men's Benefactor. 

That is well spoken 

as the Scriptures say, 

that him all-bright 

angels towards, 

in that holy tide, 

in legions came, 
90 descending in the firmament. 

Then of feasts the greatest 

took place in glory. 

S. more correctly up-fnseiibn0. See Kcmble's Beowulf, vol. ii, note on ver. 92. 
9. MS. h;\et:e|i. SO. jehlyd? 



pel Jwfc jebapena*. 
Jwt CO yeejie bhffe- 
beojihte jepepebe* 
in )?»f ]^eobnej- bujij. 
j^jnaf qToman* 
peopub plice fcyne- 
jefejon pil-cuman- 
on heah-fetle- 
heofonef palbenb- 
folca jzeoph-pepin* 
jijiaecpum eallep palbenb* 
mibban-jeapbef • 
T mse^en-f^pjinmef . 
hafa'S nu pe hal^a* 
helle bipeapob- 
eallep |;8er jafolep. 
]?e hi jeap-bapim* 
in l^aet opleje* 
unpyhte fpealj. 
Nu pnb popcumene* 
3 in cpic-jTiple. 
jehynbe ^ jehaepte* 
in helle jpunb. 
buju)?um bibsleb* 
beo]da cempan. 
ne meahtan pij^ep-bpo^an 
pi^e ppopan* 
p»pna pyppu- 
p]^]?an pulbpep cynmj* 
heopon-picep helm- 
hilbe jeppemebe* 
pi]? hif ealb-peonbum* • 
Snef meahtum. 
yssp he op h»pte ahl5b* 
ha]ra ma&pte* 
op peonba bypi;* 

Well it befitteth, 
that to that bliss, 
brightly clad, 
into the Sovereign's .city, 
came his ministers, 
a band in aspect beauteous, 
they saw the lovM Guest 
on his throne, 
heaven's Ruler, 
10 Giver of life to nations, 
[16 a.] ruling in splendour all* 
mid earth 
and majesty. 
Now hath the holy one 
hell bereft 
of all the tribute, 
that it in ancient days, 
into that clen of death 
unjustly gorged. 
Now are prevented, 
and in live sulphur 
humbled and bound, 
in hell's abyss, 
of honours reft, 
the devil's champions. 
7%e adversaries might not 
in battle prosper, . 
in the hurlings of weapons^ 
when the King of glory, 
heaven's kingdom's Chief 
waged war, 

against his ancient foes, 
with his sole might, 
where from captivity he drew 
of spoils the greatest, [forth 

from the foes' city, 
D 2 





folcef unjum* 
}>ijTie ilcan )>peat* 
|?e je hep onftapia'S. 
pile nu jefecan* 
papla nepjenb- 
jaefta jiep-fcol. 
jobef ajen beapn* 
fiejrtep ju'8-plejan. 
nu je ;eape cunnon* 
hp»t ]*e hiajiopb ij*. 
fe J>ipie hepe laebe'S* 
nu je )::pomlice* 
ppeonbum tojeane^ • 
jonja^ jlaeb-mobe. 
jeatu oncyna?. 
pile inco eop» 
ealle]* palbenb- 
cynmj on ceajxpe- 
coplSpe ne lytle- 
fypn-peopca ppuma* 
j:olc jelseban- 
m bpeama bpeam- 
^e he on beopluoi jenom 

l^uph hir ryipej- ryjop. 

j'lb ]Teal ^emaene* 
enjlu ^ 'selbum* 
a fojvIS heonan- 
pej'an pibe-peph. 
paep if aeCfomne. 
jobej' J monna* 
j»jt-hahj cpeop. 
lufu Iipej- hyht. 
^ eallef leohtef jepea. 
hpa&t pe nu jehypban* 




people numberless^ 

this same band 

irhich \e here look on. 

Now will seek 

of souls the Saviour 

the spirits' throne of grace^ 

God's own cbild^ 

after the martial play. 

Now ye well know 

who that Lord is, 

that this host leadeth ; 

now do ye boldly, 

towards your friends, 

go glad of moody 

your gates unclose ; 

will into you 

the Ruler of all, 

the King, into his city, 

with no little train, 

the Author of deeds of old, 

the people lead 

into joy of joys, 

whom he from the devils took, 

through his own victory. 

Peace shall in common, 

to angels and to men, 

from henceforth evermore 

to all ages be. 

A covenant is together 

of God and men, 

a spiritual holy compact 

of love, life's solace, 

and of all light joy. 

Yes ! we now have heard. 

58. lujie? 





hu ^t hselu beajin* 

J^ujih hif hybeji-cyme* 

half eft fopjeaf . 

jefjieobe ^ jefjieoJ>abe. 

folc unbeji polcnum* 

mepe meotubef funu* 

f nu monna jehpylc- 

q'lc l^enban hep puna's* [16 b."] 

jeceofan mot. 

fpa helle hienj^u* 

fpa heofonef maepj^u* 

fpa f leohte leoht* 

fpa %a la^an niht* 

fpa )?pyinmef J^paece. 

fpa l^pyftpa ppaece. 

fpa mib bpyhten bpeam* 

fpa mib beoflum hpeam- 

fpa pite mib ppa]7um* 

fpa pulbop mib apum* 

fpa Iff fpa bea%* 

fpa him leofpe biiS* 

to jefpemmanne* 

]^nben flsepc p jwft. 

puma's m populbe* 

pulbop )?»f aje. 

J^pynyrre J^pym, 

]K>nc butan enbe :• 


how that Saviour child^ 

through his advent, 

restored the captive, 

freed and protected 

the people under the clouds, 

the great Son of (he Creator 3 

so that now every man, 

while here he living dwells, 

may choose 

either hell's disgraces, 

or heaven's glories ; 

either the light light, 

or the hateful night ; 

either power of dignity, 

or the vengeance of t/ie daring ; 

either with the Lord joy, 

or with devils wail ; 

either torment with fiends, 

or glory with honours ; 

either life or death, 

as to him shall liefer be 

to act, 

while flesh and spirit 

dwell in the world : 

therefore be glory 

to the majesty of the Trinity, 

thanks without end. 

S. healj-'hseirt: ? 

8. MS. puna^. 



fte peji-Jwobe. 

f ecjen bjiyhcne j^onc* 

bujuSa jehpylcjie- 

pe uf p'5 ;j 8Bp. 

pmle ^epjiemebe* 

]?ujih monijfealbjia* 

maepia ^^jiyno. 

he uf fiec jiepe^. 

T sehta fpeb. 

pelan opeji pib lonb* 

•5 pebep li|^. 

unbeji rpejlef hleo. 

jrunne ^ mona* 

»)?elaft tunjla* 


heofOD-conbelle • 

htelejmm on eop«an. 

bpeofe^ beap ^ pen. 

buju^Se pecca]?* 

to peojih-nepe. 

ppa cynne* 

leca'S eop'S-pelan- 

]?8Bf pe eallep fculon* 

fecjan J^onc ^ lof. 

]?eobne uppi* 

;] hupu l^sepe h»lo* 

)?e he up to hyhte pop^eap* 

"Sa he ]?a ypm'Su- 


«t hip up-ptije. 

It is therefore fitting, 

that the nations of men 

say to the Lord thanks 

for every good 

which to us late and ere 

he hath ever render'd, 

through of manifold 

miracles the mysteries. 

He us food giveth^ 
10 and in possessions happiness, 

wealth o'er the wide earth, 

and mild weather, 

under heaven's shelter. 

Sun and moon, 

noblest of stars, 

shine for all 

(heaven's candles,) 

men on earth ; 

dew and rain fall, 
» raise up abundance 

for life's salvation, 

to the race of men, 

increase earth's riches ; 

therefore we surely ought 

to give thanks and praise 

to our Lord, 

and above all for the salvation 

which he in hope hath given us, 

when he the miseries 
ao averted, 

at his ascension, 

SI. MS. ij. 




^ pe »ii bjiujon* 

T ^e^mjabe. 

]?eob-buenbuin • 

PI'S fsebeji j^aefne- 

psehj^a ma&fte- 

cyuin; anbopen- 

cpibe epc-onhpeapp* 

paulum to pbbe- 

pe }^ eji pun^en- 

)niph yjine hy^e. 

aelbu to pojije- 

Ic J^ec opeji eoji'San jepojihte* 

on l^aepe f^upcealc yjimj^am lip^an 

punian in jepmne- 

^ ppaece bpeo^an* [17 a.] 

peonbum to hpo^p* 

pup-leoS jalan* 

3 to yespe ilcan pcealt* 


pypmum apeallen- ao 

'ponsok pitep pyp- 

op ymjie eop'San pcealt* 

ept jepecan. 

I^paet up J^ip pe ae^elinj- 

j^Spe ^eppemebe* 

]^a he leomum onpen;- 

^ hc-homan» 

monnep ma^u-tubpe* 

pj^l^an meotobep punu* 

enjla epeh 


polbe peopoba job- 

^p pe pdla bicpom* 


that we ere had f uffer'd ; 

and appeased 

for mankind^ 

with his dear Father, 

the greatest feud ; 

the only-begotten King 

the lay averted^ 

in peace to souls, 

which had ere been sung, 

in angry mood, 

for men's sorrow : 

* I thee wrought on earth, 

on which thou shalt in miseries 

in toil continue, \}^y^9 

and exile suffer, 

in solace to thy foes, 

the death song sing, 

and to the same shalt 

again be tum'd, 

bursting with worms ; 

thence the penal fire 

from the earth shalt 

after seek/ 

Lo ! for us this the noble one 

easily performed, 

when he limbs received, 

and body, 

for man's offspring, 

when the Creator's Son 

the land of angels 

would ascend, 

the God of hosts : 

for us the will him enter'd. 

9. peer <^^ ' 
18. eojitfaa, sciL 

17. See Kemble'i GIom. to Beow. vol. ii. voct Itotf. 



heanum to helpe* 
on pa hal;an tfib- 
bi )^on jiebb appsec* 
lob fpa he cu^e- 
hepebe helm pepa- 
hselenb lo):ebe. 
3 mib pb- lupin, 
funu palbenbef- 
ppeo noman cenbe- 
•5 hine pijel nembe. 
|;one lubeaf • 
onjietan ne meahtan* 
m ^a?pe jobcunban* 
jeejtef fCpenjfBu. 
peef Iwf pujlef jJyht. 
peonbum on eopl^an* 
bypne 3 bejol- 
}>am J>e beopc jepitr- 
h»pbon on hpej^pe- 
heoptan jta&nne* 
nolban hi )^a tophtan* 
tacen oncnapau* 
)?e him bepopan ppeuiebe 
PTieo^beapn jobep. 
monij miflic* 
jeonb mibban-jeapb. 
fpa j-e paela fujel. 
plyjef cunnobe- 
hpilu enjla eapb* 
up jej'ohce. 

mobi; meahtum jtjpanj* 
|7one mapan ham- 
hpilum he to eopl^an* 
ept jeftylbe. 

in help to the humble^ 

at that holy tide ; 

of whom his lay recited 

Job^ as he well could^ 

prais'd men's Protector^ 

the Saviour lauded^ 

and with congenial love, 

for the Powerful's Son 

a noble name devis'd, 
10 and a bird him named, 

which the Jews 

might not understand, 

in the divine 

strength of the spirit. 

That bird*8 flight was 

to his foes on earth 

hidden and secret, 

to those who a dark understanding 

had in their breasts, 
90 a stony heart : 

these would not the splendid 

signs acknowledge, 

that before them wrought 

the noble Child of God, 

many^ various, 

throughout mid-earth. 

Thus the faithful bird 

his flight assay'd, 

now the abode of angels 
30 sought on high, 

proud, strong in might, 

that noble homie > 

now he to earth 

again descended. 

S. juna? 

90. eontr. for jtenene. 

ss. r. racmi or racDs. 









jpunb-fceac j-ohte- 

penbe to populbe. 

bi jH)n ye pifcja ponj. 

he paep upp-hapen* 

enjla pse'Smum* 

in hip )^a miclan* 

meahta ppebe* 

heah 3 hahj- 

opep heopona )?pym. 

ne meahtan ]?a ]?8ep pujlep- 

plyht Jecnapan* 

}>e |>»p u^-Jtijep. [17 i.] 

^j'sec ppeniebon* 

3 Jwt ne jelypbon. 

^ce hp-pjiuma* 

in monnep hip* 

opep masjna ]^ym- 

hah; ppom hpupan* 

ahapen pupbe. 

Da up jepeop'Sabe* 

pe J^ap poplb jepcop- 

jobep jaeft-punui 

^ up jiepe pealbe- 

uppe mib enjlum* 

ece pca)?elap. 

^ eac monijpealbe* 

mobep pnyttpu* 

peop "3 pette- 

^eonb pepan monna« 

pumum popb-la]^« 

pipe penbe^* 

on hip mobep jemynb- 

}mph hip muj^ep jaept. 



through the spirit's grace 

this lower region sought^ 

to the world turn'd, 

of whom the prophet sang : 

^ He was uprais'd, 

in angels' aimA, 

into his great ^ 

plenitude of power, 

high and holy, 

above heaven's grandeur/ 

They might not that bird'» 

flight know, 

who of the ascension 

made denial, 

and believ'd not, 

that life's Author, 

in form of man, 

above the hosts celestial^ 

holy from earth 

was rais'd. 

Then us honour'd 

he who this world created, 

God's spirit-Sonj 

and gave us grace 

above with angels, 

seats eternalj 

and also manifold 

wisdom of mmd 

sow'd and set 

in the minds of men. 

To one eloquence 

he wisely sendeth 

into his intellect, 

through his mouth's guest. 

31. pojib-lace? 

S4. I. e. the tongue* 



pn^an 3 pecjan* 
l^am IK'S fnyttjiu cjueft* 
bipolen on pep'Se* 
Sum m»3 pn^jiu pel* 
hlube pojie hselejmm* 
heajipan jtriji^an- 
jleo-beam ^etan* 
Sum mae; ^obcunbe* 
peccan jiyhce £• 
Sum mse; jiyne tunjla- 
j^cjan fibe jefceapt* 
Sum me; feapolice* 
pojib-cpibe pjutan* 
Sumu pijef fpcib- 
pepeS «t pijw* 
)?dn jaji-^etpum- 
opep fcilb-hpeaban* 
fceotenb penba'S* 
placop flan-jepeopc- 
Sum majj ppomhce. 
opep fealtne j^- 
pinb-pubu bpipw» 
hpepan holm-j^pasce* 
Sum mse; heanne beam* 
pfcwljne jejtajan* 
Sum maej ptyleb fpeopb< 
p»pen jepypcan* 
Sum con pon^a bijonj* 
pe^ap pibpelle. 
Spa ]*e palbenb up- 

noble understanding. 

He can all things abundantly 

sing and say^ 

to whom the power of wisdom is 

in soul committed : 

One can with fingers wellj 

loud before men> 

the harp awake^ 

the ' glee-beam' greet : 
10 One can divine 

law rightly expound : 

One can of the stars course 

tell^ the vast creation : 

One can cunningly 

verbal utterance write : 

To one success in battle 

he in war giveth^ 

when the shaft-shower^ 

over the shield's defence^ 
90 warriors send^ 

flickering arrow-work : 

One can boldly 

over the salt sea 

the vessel drive^ 

move the waters^ force : 

One can the tree^ lofty 

steep ascend : . 

One can a steeled sword, 

a weapon work : [fields, 

30 One knoweth the course of the 

the spacious ways. 

Thus to us the Mighty^ 

19. r. bjieoVaii. See Kemble's Glossary to Beow., v. L p. 344. 
91. Perhaps akin to O. N. flacka, pervagori, di$p<darL 
94. Lit. the iea-wood* 


job-beajin on jgiunbum 
hif jiepe bpytt:aS« 
nyle he senpim anutn* 
ealle jepyllan* 
jaeftef j-nyttjiu. 
yy l»f hi pelp fce|?J>e« 
Jnijih hif anef qisept* 
opeji o)^e Foil's :• 

^A^ divine Child on earth 
his grace dispenseth ; 
he will not to any single one 
give all 

wisdom of spirit, 
lest him pride injure> 
being through his own crafty 
forth beyond others* 


Duf job meahclJ^ [18 a.] 

jeofum unhneapum* lo 

cymnj alpihta* 

cpsBpoQsn yeopShy' 

eopJTan tubbop* 

rpylce eabpim blab. 

fele'8 on fpejle- 

pbbe psepe)'* 

ece to ealbpe- 

enjla -j monna. 

fpa he hif peopc peopj^alS* 

hi ]7on fe yVcffL cpdS^* ao 

f Shepen psepen* 

halje pmmap • 

h»bpe heopon-tunjol- 

heahce upp* 

pmne 3 mona. 

hpset pnban ]>a« 

pmmaf fpa fcyne- 

buton job jylpa- 

Thus mighty God, 

by his unsparing gifts. 

King of all creatures^ 

greatly honoureth 

earth's progeny ; 

so to the blessed glory 

in heaven he giveth, 

peace establisheth, 

throughout all age.s,. 

to angels and. to men : 

so he his work honoureth, 

of which the prophet said, 

that were rais'd. 

holy gems, 

the stars serene of heaven, 

up on high, 

sun and moon. 

What are those 

gems so sheen 

but God himself ? 

6. MS. hi. 


he ij' j'e foUpaj^ta* 
pinnan leoma<^ 
enjlu'j eop'S-papum* 
eepele fcima* 
ojrep mibban-^eajib, 
mona luce's- 
jaBftlie run^ol* 
fpa feo jobej* cijice- 
];uph jefomniDja* 
fo^ey T pyhcef . 
beojihte blice'S* 
fpa hic on bocum q'i)> 
pj»]>an op jfiunbum* 
job-beapn aftaj. 
cymnj cl»n)ia jehpaaf • 
l^apeo cijice hep* 
eahcnyjje bab- 
unbeji hse)>enjia* 
hyjiba jepealbu. 
}>aep "Sa jyn-fcea'Ban* 
fol?ef ne pembon* 
j«fcef J^appe* 
ac hi jobef tempel- 
bpsecan ^ baepnbon* 
blob-jyce pophtan- 
peoban ^ pylbon- 
hp8e];pe pop's bicpom* 
)mph 5«jter jiepe* 
jobep I'epia blaeb. 
»ptep up-ptije. 
ecan bpyhtnep • 
bi ^n palomon p^nj* 

He is the righteous 

beam of the sun 

to angels and earth-dwellers^ 

the noble brightness 

over mid earth. 

The moon shineth^ 

a spiritual star, 

so the church of God^ 

through congregations 
10 of truth and right, 

brightly gleameth ; 

as it saith in books, . 

when from earth 

the Child divine ascended. 

King of all purity, 

then the church here 

of the faithful 

awaited persecution, 

under the heathen 
90 pastors' sway. 

There the sinful 

heeded not truth, 

the spirit's need, 

but they God's temple 

brake and bum'd, 

bloodshed wrought, 

hated and destroy'd ; 

yet came forth, 

through the Spirit's grace, 
30 the prosperity of God's servants, 

after the ascension 

of the eternal Lord, 

of whom Solomon sang. 

6. MS. hxeb. 
30. MS. bltttf. 

17. Lit. fulfiiien of the law. 



funu baui)7ef • 
pebba ^^^P^ fnottop* 
palbenb pep-J>eoba. 
3 ^ popb acpae^* 
cu5 )?aec jepeopBeiS- 
^ce cyninj en;la. 

meotub meahcu fp^^* 

munc jejtylle'JS. 

jehleapeS hea-bune* 

hyllaf 3 cnoUar* 

beppiS mib liif pulbpe. 

populb alyfcS* 

eall eop'S-buenb* [18 A.] 

)mph Jw>ne »]?elan j'fcyll. 

Paep pe popma hlyp. 

)^a he on psemnan afta;* 

ma&je^ unmaele- 

^ J^aep mennipc hip. 

onpen; butan ppenum* 

f to Fpoppe jepeap"?. 

eallu eopiS-papu. 

Paep fe o|?ep ftiell- 

beapnef jebypba- 

J>a he in binne paef . 

m cilbej- hip- 

clajmm bipunben* 

ealpa J^iymma }>pym. 

Paef fe }?pibba hlyp» 

pobop-cyninjef p»f • 

|;a he on pobe afta;* 

p»bep ppoppe jaBft, 

ytey fe peop^Sa ftiell» 

in bypjenqe. 

I^a he J^one beam opjeap* 

polb-«pne paepc. 



son of David^ 

wise of old in song, 

in the spirit's mystery, 

ruler of nations, 

and the words said : 

^ That shall he known, 

that the King of angels, 

the Creator great in might, 

a mount shall spring, 

leap the high downs, 

hills and knolls 

wreathe with his glory, 

the world redeem, 

all earth's inhabitants, 

through that noble spring/ 

The first leap was, 

when into the damsel he descend- 

the maid immaculate, [ed^ 

and there a human form 

without sins assum'd ; 

that was in comfort 

to all earth's dwellers. 

Was the second spring, 

the infant's birth, 

when in the bin he was, 

in a child's form, 

with clothes enwrapt, 

of all majesties the Majesty, 

The third leap was 

the Heaven-king's course, 

when on the cross he mounted, 

the Father's comfort Spirit. 

The fourth spring was 

into the tomb, 

when he the tree resign'd, 

in the earth house fast. 


P«r re ppOL hlyp. 
Jya he hell-pepena* 
heap popby^be* 
m cpic-fufle- 
cynin; inne jebonb* 
peonba pope-fppecaii* 
jTpnum ceapim- 
yasji he ^en li^eS* 
m capcepne* 
clommum ^efseftnab* 
fynnu ^efaeleb. 

hah^ef hyht-plepi* 

)^ he to heofonum aftaj- 

on hif ealb cy^lSe* 

yn pssf en^la ]^eat* 

on ]ya haljan tib* 

hleahtpe bh]>e- 

pynnu ^epopben* 

^efapon pulbpef ]^ym* 

sej^hn^a opb* 

e^lef neofan* 

beophtpa bolba. 

pa peap'S bup^-papu* 

eabpi ece ^^pea- 

sej^hn^ef pleja* 

|;uf hep on jpimbum* 

jobej- ece beapn- 

opep heah hleo]ni* 


mobi; Kpceji muntum* 

fpa pe men pculon- 

heoptan jehyjbum. 

hlypum jtyllan* 

op msejne in miejen* 

The fifth leap was^ 

when of heirs imnates he 

humbled tke multitude ; 

in quick sulphur 

bound their king, 

the prince of fiends, 

with fiery fetters, 

the fierce of spirit, 

where he yet lieth 
10 in prison, 

fastened with bonds, 

bound with sins. 

The sixth leap was, 

the Holy's joyous solace, 

when he to heaven ascended, 

into his ancient home ; 

then did the host of angels, 

at that holy tide, 

with laughter blithe, i 

«o with joys become ; 

they saw the glorious Majesty, 

the Chief of princes, 

his country visit, 

his brighter dwellings. 

Then was to the happy 

inmates eternal joy, 

the Prince's solace. 

Thus here on earth, 

God's eternal child 
ao over high steeps 

sprang by leaps, 

bold, from mount to mount ; 

so we men should, 

in our heart's thoughts, 

spring by leaps 

from virtue to virtue^ 



nuep^um tilpm* 
ffeto 'pKox hyhftan* 
hjiojze jejtijan* 
halj;a peojicu- 
yeBji If hyht *J bhf • 

If uf J'eap): micel* 

f pe mib heojitan* 

haelo fecen* • 

)>aep p6 mib ja&ftJ6« 

jec^e jelyftfS* [19 a.] 

^t )^t faselo-b^pn- 

beonan up-ftije* 

nub uffe Lc-homan* 

hfjenbe job- 

pop)K)ii pe a fcolon* 

ible luftaf . 

fyn-jnmbe popfeon* 

"J ]Mef feUpan jepeon* 

babba'S pe up to ppoppe- 

paebep on pobepum- 


be bif ilpar ]^onan* 

hah; op heah'Su* 

hibep onpenbeti* 

yn up 2®pcilba)y« 

PI'S pcej'^nbpa* 

en^um eaphpapum* 

yi hsy unholban* 

punbe ^epypcen* 

)^n ppoht-bopa* 

in pole jobep* 

pop% onpenbeiS* 


strive after glory, 

that we may to the highest 

summit rise, 

through holy works, 

where is joy and UisB, 

an iUustriooa band of ministers. 

Great is the need to us, 

that we with heart 

salvation seek, 

that we with spirit 

fervently believe, 

that that Child of salvation 

may hence ascend 

with our bodies, 

the living Ood : 

therefore we should ever 

idle lusts, 

sin-wound despise, 

and in the more excellent rejoice^ 

have for our comfort, 

the Father in the skies, 


He his angels thence 

holy from above 

will hither send, 

who us shall shield 

against the enemies' 

noxious quivers ; 

lest the fiends 

a wound inflict, 

when ^he accuser, 

.among Ood's folk, 

sendeth forth, 

10. >s«? 
9S. •jium? 

to. po seems redundant 

S4. MS. heahtfu« 


op hij- bjise^b-bp^an* 
bitepne ftpaelt 
poji)7on pe p&fte fculon 
pi« J;am F«p-rcyte. 
jymle paephce. 
peajibe healban- 
)?y laep fe .attpef ojib* 
biceji bopb-jelac. 
unbep ban-locan« 
peonba paeji-feapo- 
l^aet bi'S pjiecne punb« 
blatapt benna* 
utan uf beopjan j^a* 
]>enben pe on eop^an* 
eapb peapbijen- 
utan up fco paebep- 
Fpeo]?a pilnian* 
bibban beapn ;obep« 
3 J^one bh'San jaept. 
^ he up jepcilbe- 
pi'S pcea);an p»pnum* 
laJTpa lyje-peappum* 
pe up hp pop^eap- 
leomu he ^ x»pt. 
p hun lop pymle* 
f^uph populb populba- 
pulbop on heopnu :• 



from bis drawn bpw^ 

the bitter shaft ; 

therefore we firmly should, 

against that sudden ^hot^ 

ever cautiously 

hold ward^ 

lest the envenom^ point 

enter in^ 

the bitter shield-play^ 

ampng merits bodies^ 

of foes the sudden artifice ; 

that is a perilous wound^ 

of sores most deadly : 

let us then ourselves secure 

while we on earth 

a habitation hold ; 

let us from our Father 

desire peace, 

pray the Son of God, 

and that kind spirit, 

that he shield us 

against the spoiler's weapons^ 

the false snares of foes ; 

he who gave us life, 

limbs, body and spirit : 

>ever to him be praise, 

'.throughout all ages, 

glory in heaven. 





Ne l^eapp him onbpeban* 

beo]da ftjiaelaf • 

seni; on eoji-San* 

selba cynnef • 

;pom]ia ^ap-fape* 

jij: hine job fcilbe}>. 

bujuiSa bpyhten* 

If phta borne neah* 

f pe jehce jceolon* 


fpa pe pibe peoph* 

peopcu hlobun* 

jeonb pbne jpunb. 

uf fecja"? bee* 

hu »c aepeftan- 

eabinob aj^taj- [19i.] 

m mibban-jeapb* 

msejna jolb-hopb* 

m psemnan pae^m* 

ppeo beapn jobej- • 

ball; op heah]?u- 

hupu ic pene me- 

*] eac onbpBebe- 

bom iy peJTpan* 

%nn epc cyme^* 

enjla J^eoben* 

pe ic ne heolb teala- 

^ me haelenb mm* 

on bocum bibeab* 


Need not dread 

the shafts of devils, 

any on earth, 

of the race of men, 

the armed course of foes^ 

if him God shieldeth, 

Lord of virtues. 

// to the doom is near, 

so that we alike shall 

share in the rewards^ 

as we for ever 

by works shall have derived, 

o'er the wide world. 

Books us tell 

how at first 

humble descended 

on mid-earth 

that treasury of might, 

into a damsel's womb, 

the noble Son of God, 

holy from on high. 

I at least expect, 

and eke dread, 

a doom the sterner^ 

when again shall come 

the Lord of angels, 

for that I held not well 

what me my Saviour 

in books commanded : 

91. MS. heah>u. 

24. MS. bype])j\an. 




ic J^ae]* bjiojan fceal* 
jefeon fyn-ppaece^ 
y^Y }?e ic foiJ talje- 
)?»p mom; bee's* 
on jemot Isebeb* 
pope onjyne. 
ecej- beman* 

)?on • K • cpacaiS- 

jebype'S cynm; mae'Slan- 
pobepa pyhcenb- 
fppecan pe)w popb. 
)mm )>e him sep m populbe 
pace hypbon- 

l^enban .'^. ^ . J^- 

yj^apt meahtan* 

ji^ioppe pnban- 

J^aep fceal pophfc momj- 

on l^aponj-pcebe- 

pep 15 biban- 

hpec bun aeptep baebum* 

beman pille* 

ppa]?pa pita* 

» » * 

* * * * 

bij; pe .p. pca>cen- 
eopj^an ppBetpa* 
Jj* paep lon^e. 

p. plobum bilocen* 

hp'pynua b»L 
!i. on polban* 

l^on ppaetpe pculon* 
bypnan on b»le* 

I shall therefore terror 
see^ vengeance for sin. 
From what I truly judge^ 
many there shall be 
to the meeting led^ 
before the face 
of the eternal Judge : 

then the bold shall quake, 

shall hear the King harangue, 
10 the Ruler of the skies 
speak angry words 
to those who him ere in fA« world 
weakly obey'd ; 

while misery and need 

might easiest 
comfort find. 

There many a fearful ofie shall 
on that plain 

weary await [deeds, 

Qo what he to him, according to his 
will judge 

of wrathful punishments. 

» » » 

» » » 

the wain shall have departed 

of earth's treasures. 

Of old was long 

with water-floods enclos'd 

the region of life's joys, 
men's wealth on earth : 

so then shall their treasures 
90 burn on the pile, 

9. Perhaps pn-ppaece, eternal vengeance. 5. MS. laebaK. 

S9. The absence of the rune ^ , and the want of connexion in the sense, prove 
the loss of a couplet between 1. S2. and ss. (See note at the end of the volume.) 



blaqia fette'S* 

pecen-jieaba b;- 

jie]?e fcju)?e'JS- 

jeonb populb pibe* 

ponjar hpeora«* 

bujij-jrebe bepfta*- 

bponb bvS ontyhte* 

«lei5 ealb-^eftpeon* 


5»rta Jippart. 

f Z'^^ juman heolban* 

t^enben him on eopj^an* 

onmebia p»f • 

j:op}K)n ic leofpa jehpone 

laejian pille- 

]^»t he ne a^le* 

jaepfcef Jnjappe. 

ne on jylp jeoce- 

l^enben job pille* 

f he hep in populbe- 

punian mote- 

)-omeb ppiaxi" 

fapel in hce« 

m Jmm sapt-hope. 

pcyle jumena jehpylc* 

on hif jeap-ba^- 

jeopne bi]>encan> 

f ap inilbe bicpom« 

meahta palbenb* 

set aepeptan* [ 20 a. 

)mph J^aep enjlep popb. 

bi% nu eopnepte- 

yda epc cyme's* 

jieiSe ^ pyhtpip- 

pobop brS onhpepeb* 


dusk shall crackle : 
the smoke-red flame 
shall fiercely wander 
wide o'er the world : 
the plains shall sink down^ 
the city-holds shall burst : 
the brand shall be kindled, 
old treasure shall consume 
10 (greediest of guests !) 
what of old men held, 
while to them on earth 
was pride. 

Wherefore I each dear one 
will exhort, 
that he delay not 
his spirit's need, 
nor in pride waste tV, 
whilst God willeth 
90 that he here in the world 
may dweU, 
together journey 
soul in body 
in the guest-house* 
Each man should, 
in his course of years, 
well consider, 

that to us came benignantly 
the Lord of might, 
] ao at first, 

through the angel's word. 
Now will he be earnest 
when he again shall come 
stem and just. 
The firmament shall be shaken, 

blac jiflBf c«tt«IJ. — K. 
K 2 



^ )?a]* miclan jemetu* 

mibban- jeapbef • 


|;on beojihc cynmj leana^* 

|?aef ye hy on eoji]7an. 

eapjum baebum. 

Iifbon leahtjium pi* 

)?aef hi lonje fculon- 

pep'B-pepije onjion- 

in pyji-ba'Se* 

paelmum bipjiecene* 

ppaj^lic ^lean- 

ySn msepia cynin;* 

on jemot: cyme's. 

)>pymma mepte* 

l^eob-ejfa htS' 

hlub jehyjieb. 

bi heojion-poman- 

cpanenbjia cipm* 

cejije peofca^S. 

pojie onpyne- 

ecep beman* 

l^a ye hyjia peopcum- 

pace tjiupia'S* 

•Baeji bij? o'Sypeb. 

ejpa mapa* 

J?on fpom Fpum-jepceape. 

jepjiaejen pujibe- 

sepjie on eojvSan* 

)?sep bi^ as^hpylcum- 


on )^ fnuban tib* 

leoppa micle* 

pda eall ^eoy Isene ^epceapt. 

and these great communitieB 
of middle earth 

shall wail, [requite, 

when the bright King shall them 

for that they on earth 

in wicked deeds 

liv'd, with crimes stain 'd ; 

therefore they must long 

life-weary receive, 
10 in the fire-bath, 

cover'd with flames, 

dire retribution. 

When the King of might 

into the meeting cometh, 

with greatest majesty, 

mighty terror shall be 

beard aloud 

through heaven's corners. 

The mourners' cry # 
20 sadly shall resound 

before the face 

of the eternal Judge ; 

those who in their works 

faintly trust. 

There shall be shown 

terror greater 

than from the first creation 

had been heard of, 

ever on earth. 
30 There it shall be to every 

worker of sin, 

at that sudden time, 

much more desirable 

than all this frail creation, 

10. MS. 1:771 babe. 

19. MS. cpanienbjia. 1 superscripto. 

1. hippiz^ne or bipjiojene' 



J^ssji he hine fylpie- 
on ]^am p^e-jipeate* 
behyban maeje- 
^oa hejija ppuma* 

eallum heme's- 

leofum je la'Sum* 

lean xpcejt pyhte* 

]>eoba ^ehpylcpe* 

If uf )?eajip micel* 

j> pe jKfcef phce- 

ep |;am ^yiie^bjiojan* 

on ]mf ^sepian cib- 

^eojine bi)7encen. 

Nu If Jwn jelicoft. 

fpa pe on l^u-plobe- 

opeji calb psetep* 


jeonb pbne f^. 

funb-hen^eftum • 

jdob-pubu pepjen* 

If l^set ppecne ftpeam* 

yite opepmsca- 

'pe pe hep onlaca'S* 

jeonb l^ap paean populb* 

pmbje hobnaf. 

opep beop jelab* 

p«f fe bpoht:aiS ffcponj- 

8ep )K)n pe to lonbe* 

^ehben haepbon- [20 bJ] 

opep hpeone hpycj- 

]m up help bicpom* 

fddt up to hffilo* 

hyj?e jetebbe- 

jobef 3«ft-funu* 

1 ^r P^F® fealbe- 




where he himself^ 

in that triumphant band, 

may hide, 

when of hosts the Leader, 

of princes Chief, 

to all shall doom, 

both friends and foes, 

reward according to right 

to every people. 

Us it much behoveth, 

that we the spirit's beauty, 

ere that grisly tefror, 

in this barren time, 

earnestly bear in mind. 

Now is it to that likest 

as (^ we on the liquid flood, 

over the cold water, 

in vessels journey, 

through a wide sea, 

on ocean-horses 

the flood-wood traverse. 

That is a perilous stream 

of boundless waves, 

on which here we are toss'd 

tlirough this weak world, 

windy seas, 

over a deep path. 

Hard was our condition, 

ere that we to land 

had sail'd, 

over a troubled main, 

when to us help came, 

that us to safety 

led in port, 

Ood's Spirit-son, 

and us grace gave. 



]?aet: pe oncnapaa majun 
opeji ceolej- bopb« 
hpaeji pe pselan fceolon* 
funb-hen jefcap • 
ealbe yS-mea|iar- 
anqium pefte* 
utan up to t'ttjie hjrSe* 
hyht fca^liaii* 
"Sa up jejiymbe- 
jiobejia palbenb* 
hal^e on heah)?3- 
)?a he heoponum apta; :• 


that we may know 

from the vessel's deck, 

where we must bind 

our ocean-horses^ 

old coursers of the waye^ 

with anchors fetst. 

Let us in that port 

found our hope 

which to us hath assign'd 

the Sovereign of the skies 

holy on high^ 

when he to heaven ascended* 

Donne mib pepe* 
pe micla bse^. 
meahtan bjiyht:nep' 
aet: mibjie mht- 
msejne bihlseme'S- 
j'cipe jepceapte- 
ppa opfc pcealSa paecne< 
feop l?jiiptlice- 
J?e on fypcpe paejieiS- 
on ppeaptpe niht- 
pojijleape heleiS- 
pemnrnja pojipeh*. 
plaepe jebunbne* 
eoplap unjeappe* 
yplep jenaeje'8. 
ppa on pyne beojij. 
pomob up cyme's. 




When with its coming, 

earth's habitants 

the great day, 

by the Lord's might, 

at midnight, 

shall strongly strike, 

the bright creation : 

(as oft with robbers* guile, 

the thief daringly, 

who in darkness goeth, 

in swart night, 

careless mortals 

suddenly surprizeth, 

bound in sleep 

men unprepar'd 

with evil assaulteth ;) 

so on Sion's hill 

together shall come up 

18. bihlemmetf? 




ma^eD^jxdc micel- 
meotube ^efcjiype* 
beopht *] bli}>e- 
him peopJ^iS blaeb ppen- 
)H)Dne j^iom jreopepum* 
folban fceatum* 
l^am ycemeftn&m* 
eop]7an }uce)** 
enjlaf el-beojihee- 
on ejien blapaiS* 
byman on bpehcme* 
heoy&i mibban-jeapb* 
hpufe unbeji hele);^am* 
hlybaiS fcofomne* 
tpume *] fcophte* 
PI'S tunjla son;- 
pnjaiS ;j rpuijiaj>. 

jnij^an ^ nop^en* 

eajran ^ peptan* 

Opeji ealle jepceapc. * 

peccaiS op beaVe* 

bpyht-pimena beajin* 

eall monna cyitn* 

to meotubfceapte* [ 21 a. ] 

ejepkc op )?8ejie ealban molban* 

hata'S by upp-ajt^anban* 

pneome op plspe pf paeptan* 

];»Ii moD mae; popjenbe pole* 

^ehyjian hyje jeomop* 

heapbe jepypeb- so 

ceajium qiif^enbe* 

qnqia jepyjihtn- 


f haX pojie-t:acna mept* 


a mighty people vast^ 

to the Lord faithful, 

bright and blithe. 

To them shall reward be given. 

When from the four 

comers of the world, 

the outermost 

of earth's kingdom, 

angels all-bright 

shall together blow 

the trumpet suddenly, 

mid-earth shall quake, 

the land under men 

shall at the same time resound : 

the stout and the illustrious 

towards the stars' course 

shall sing and sound, 

from south and north, 

from east and west, 

over aU creation ; 

shall from death awake 

the sons of men, 

all mankind, 

to the Godhead ; 

terrific from the old mould 

shall bid them up arise 

forthwith from that fast sleep ; 

there may the sorrowing people 

sad in mind be heard, 

sternly urged on, 

woefully bewailing 

their deeds when living, 

with fright afraid. 

That of foretokens shall be greatest 

15. t. e. tihe mgels. 

20. MS. healle. 



J^ajia ^e aeji op^e p-B. 
aeppe jepupbe. 
monnum o]7ypeb» 
]7ap jemenjbe beolS* 
onhselo ^elac* 
en^la ^ beojda* 
beophtjia "j blacpa* 
peop)?e^ beja cyme- 
hpitjia "5 rpeapcjia. 
]7>a him if ham fceapen< 
enjlum 3 beoplu* 
poa femnm^a* 
on jyne beopj- 
fu)?an eaftan- 
funnan leoma* 
cyme^ op pcyppenbe* 
pcynan leohfcop. 
foil hic men majjen. 
mobum ahyc^an- 
beophte bhcan* 
pon. beapn jobep. 
]?uph heopona ^ehleobu* 
hibep o'8ypei$« 
cymeiS punbophc* 
cpijtej- onfyn. 
ae)?el-cyninjef phfce* 
eaftan ppam pobepum* 
on fepan ppece. 
pinum polce. 
bitep bealopillum* 
jebleob punbpum* 
eabpim "] eapmu* 

he bii$ |?am jobum- 
jlaeb-mob on jepihj?e. 

of those which ere or ^ince 
have ever been 
to men displayed. 
There shall be mingled 
an unsound assemblage 
of angels and of devils^ 
of bright and black ; 
of both shall be a coming, 
of white and swart : 
10 so to them a home is shapen 

for angels and for devils. 
Then suddenly, 
on Sion's hUl, 
from the south-east, 
a sun-beam 


shall from the Creator come, 
shining more brilliantly 
than men may it 

20 in mind conceive, 
brightly gleaming, 
when the Son of God, 
through the heavens' vaults, 
hitherward shall appear, 
wonderful shall come 
Christ's countenance, 
the noble King's aspect^ 
east from the firmament^ 
sweet in mind 

30 to his people, 

bitter to the baleful, 

wondrously coloured ; 

to the bless 'd and wretched 


He to the good shall be 

joyful in sights 



plifcij pynfumlic- 

peopube )>am hal^au- 

on jejiean pejeji- 

).7ieonb ^ leo)t:»l* 

loffum ^ k)?e* 

leofum monnuni* 

to fceapianne* 

]?one pcynan plite- 

peSue mib pillum- 

palbenbep cyme. lo 

maejen-cynm jep • 

Yhm ^ him on mobe aep* 

popbum ^ peopcum* 

pel ^ecpembon* 

he hvS }>am yplum* 

ejephc "5 jjumhc* 

CO jepeonne- 

]ynnepim monnum- 

l^am )^»p mib ppenu cuma^* 

pop% poppophte • [ 21 i6. ] oo 

]?8et mae; picep to peapnmja* 

l^am }^ hapa% pipne 2e)H>ht« 

^ r^ hmi eallunja. 

opihc ne onbpsebeiS- 

pe pop %»pe onpyne. 

ejpan ne peop]?e'5« 

popht on pepSe. 

]hxi he ppean jepihlS* 

ealpa jepceapca* 

^peapbne papan* ao 

nub maejen-punbpum* 

moupim to {^m^e* 

onb him on healpa j^hpone- 

heopon-en^la )?peat* 

beauteous, winsome ; 

to the holy company, 

fair in delight, 

friendly and gracious, 

kind and gentle 

to his dear people, 

to behold 

the beauteous aspect, 

mild with ^ooc{- will, 

the Sovereign's advent, 

the mighty King's, 

to those who him ere in mind, 

by words and works, 

well had pleas'd. 

He shall to the evil be, 

dreadful and grim 

to see, 

to sinful men, [crimes 

to those who thither come, with 

ever fordone. [warning be 

That may of punishment for a 

to those who have wise thought, 

that he entirely 

dread nothing : 

he before that countenance 

shall not with dread become 

fearful in soul, 

when he seeth the Lord 

of all creatures 

coming present 

with mighty wonders 

in judgment to the many ; 

and on each side 

a band of heavenly angels 

SI. peajininge? 

33. MS. jehpojie. 



ymb-utan papttS* 
elbeophtjia foolu* 
hejijaf habjpa* 
heapum jeneahhe- 
byne'8 beop jefceapfc* 
^ pope bpyhtne paepc^. 
paelm-pypa maejic- 
opep pibne ^punb* 
blemme^ hata lej- 
heoponap bepptaV* 
fcpume ^ tpnhte* 
tunjol op-npeopa'S* 
}^on peop}>e'S punne« 
ppeapfc jepenbeb. 
on blobep Ixip- 
peo iSe beopbte pcSn* 
opep aep-populb. 
elba beapnum* 
CDona f pyipe* 
^6 aep ia(Mi-cynne* 
nihtep lyhte* 
m)>ep jehpeofe^- 
^ pteoppan j^a pome* 
ptjpeba'S op heopone* 
]7upb 'Sa ptpon^aa Ijpc* 
ptopmum abeatna* 
Pile aelmihtij- 
mib bip enjla jebpybt* 
maesen-cynin^a meo&ob< 
on ^emoc cuman* 
)?pymp8Bpt l^eoben* 
bi'S ]?8Bp hip ^^na eac* 
bpe)?-eabi2 heap* 
halje paple- 

around bim move^ 

a legion of all-bright ones, 

companies of the holy^ 

in bands abundant. 

7%e great creation shall resound, 

and before the Lord shall go 

of fires intense the greatest, 

over the wide ground 

hot flame shall roar, 
i» the hearens burst, 

strong and bright, 

the stars shall fall. 

Then the sun shall be 

tum'd swart 

to hue of blood, 

which brightly shone 

over the former world, 

for the sons of men. 

7%e moon the same, 
90 she who to mankind erat 

gave light by night, 

shall fall down, 

and the stars also 

shall from heaven be scatter'd 

through the strong tempest, 

beaten by storms.^ 
The Almighty will, 

with his train of angels, 

of mighty kings Creator, 
ao to the meeting come, 

majestic Lord ! 

There of his followers shall also be 

a proudly happy band, 

holy souls. 

19, re rylpi? 

34. r. fBpla. 




mib hypa yjievai ppaS* 

}>dn polca peajib. 

Jmjih ejpan J^jiea. 

ecqiiSan mse^e* 

rylpa jef ace's . 

peoji}^'? jeonb pbne jpuub 

hlub jehyjieb. 

heofon-byman jtrejxi- 

*;] on feopon liealpa- 

rpojaiS prnbaf • 

blapa'S bpecenbe. 

beajihtma msejtre* 

peccaiS ^ poniaiS. 

pojiulb nub ftojisie* 

pylla'S mib peojie* [ 22 a. ] 

folban jefceajite* 

Donne heajib jebjiec- 

hlub Cnmece- 

fpap 3 rpiiJlic- 

j7>^-bynna maep:- so 

elbum e^efbc- 

eapeb peoji}^^* 

1^86 ji mae^en-pep^c* 

monna cynnep • 

pojmum hpeoppa^S* 

on pibne le;* 

)^a yxji cpice niece's • 

cpelmenbe py]i* 

pime up fume mj^p* 

elbef puUe* ao 

J'on bi^ untpeo- 

fiet J^sep abamep • 

cyn ceapena fuU* 

cpif^'S ^epqiijab* 

/Ae;^ with their Lord shall go. 

When the people's Guardian 

with dread of puniahment 

the tribe of earth 

himself shall visit, 

shall through the wide ground 

loud be heard 

the heavenly trumpet's voice, 

and on seven sides 

winds shall howl, 

crashing blow, 

(greatest of sounds !)^ 

shall agitate and impair 

the world with storm, 

with their breath shall fell 

the earth's creation. 

Then a hard crash 

loud, immense, 

heavy and violent, 

greatest of roaring dins^ 

dreadful to men, 

shall be sent forth. 

There the most accursed 

of the race of men 

shall in multitudes depart 

into wide flame ; 

who living shall there fiad 

destroying fires, 

some above some beneath, 

a glut of fire. 

Then shall be the faithle8s> 

that there (Adam's 

race of sorrows full) 

lament, afflicted 

so. jpylle? 

S4. MS. j,efaji%afS, Me pv 60. 1. 18. 



nalef fojie lytlum* 

leobe ^eompe* 

ac jzojie )^am maeftan- 


Don eall )?]ieo* 

on e}:en nuneiS* 

pon jr^ej' paelm* 

pibe tofomne- 

pe ppeapta lij- 

paep nub hyjia pipcuni- 

eojijnm mib hipe beopjum 

^ np-heopon. 

tophtne mib hip tunjlum- 

fceon-lej pomob. 

)^py}?um baepneiS. 

}^peo eal on &• 

jpimme fcojaebpe. 

jpopna« jepapjab. 

eal mibban-^eapb* 

on )>a maepan tib :• 

not before a little 

people sad ; 

but before the greatest 

dire afflictions. 

When all three 

equally shall seize 

pale fire's heat^ 

widely together, 

the swart flame^ 
10 the seas with their fishes, 

earth with her hills, 

and heaven above, 

bright with its stars ; 

the hostile flame together 

vehemently shall bum 

three all in one^ 

grimly together, 

shall mourn afflicted 

all mid-earth, 
20 at that awful time. 


Spa pe pFpa jaepfc. 
2punbap jeoub-peceiJ 
hi)^enbe le;* 
heah-jetunbpo • 
pylleiS on polb-ponj. 
pypep ejpan. 
pib-maepe bla&pt- 
populb mib-ealle* 
hac heopo-jq:pe. 
hpeopa^ jeneahhe 


So the greedy guest 
shall earth pervade ; 
the destroying flame 
the high structures 
on earth's plain shall fell 
with fire's horror ; 
the wide-spreading blasts 
the whole world together, 
hot, aU-devouring. 
Shall fall abundantly^ 





tx)bpocene bujij-pealla]** 

beopjaf jemeltaS* 

'] heah-cleopu* 

)^a PI'S holme ep* 

paepce piiJ plobu- 

polban pcehbun* 

ptr8 *] ptse'Spaejt;* 

pca)?elaf pi*5 pssje* 

psetpe pmbenbum* 

)yoQ pihta jehpylce* 

beopa ^ pujla* 

bealS-le; mine's* 

p»pe% septep polban- 

pyp-rpeapca lej. 

peallenbe pija* [ 22 i. ] 

ppa ep pstep-pleopan* 

plobap apypbe. 

foo on pyp-baiJe* 

ppela'S pS-ppcap« 

punbef jetpaepbe- 

paej-beopa jehpylc* 

pepi; fpelceS- 

bypne)' psetep ppa peax* 

)^»p hiS punbpa ma* 

'paa hit seni; on mobe* 

ma^e a)?encan* 

hu Jwc jeptun ^ pe ftopm* 

3 peo ftponje lypc* 

bpeca'S bpabe jepceapt* 

beopnap jpetaiS* 

pepa'S panenbe* 

peppim ftepnum* 

heane hyje jeompe* 

hpeopum jebpeahce* 



in pieces broken^ ^Ae city- walls j 

the hills shall melt, 

and the high cliffs, 

that against ocean erst, 

firm against floods, 

the earth had shielded, 

stem and stedfast, 

bulwarks against the wave, 

th' encircling water. 

Then each creature, 

beasts and fowls, 

the death-flame shall^eize ; 

shall pass along the earth 

the fire-swart flame^ 

fi burning warrior; 

as of old the rivers, 

the floods he drove, 

so then in a fire-bath, 

the sea fishes shall be bum'd, 

cut off from ocean, 

each animal of the wave 

weary shall die ; 

water shall burn as wax ; 

there shall more wonders be 

than in mind any 

may conceive : 

how the stun and the storm, 

and the strong blast 

shall break the broad creation ; 

men shall wail, 

shall moaning weep 

with abject voices, 

humble, sad in mind^ 

with penitence afflicted* 

4. MS. >u. 

6. jrcebun (fcylbon) ? 

9. j^innenbum? 



Seoyeh fpeajita lej. 
pynne on jiojibonum* 
3 Solb-fpseepe. 
jleba fojijyelgsiS* 
eall aeji-jeftjieon- 
Daaji biS cipm 3 €eajiu< 
3 q>icjva jepiii. 
jehpeop *] hlub pop* 
bi heojx)n-poman- 
eapmlic »lba ^ebjieaj* 
t^onan asm; ne maej;* 
pjien-bwbum jah* 
Fjii% jepinnan* 
lej-bpyne lofian* 
lonbef opep* 
ac ^Bdt pyji nime^* 
)?ujih polban jehpaet* 
2ji»pefS jpimlice* 
jeojine apece'S* 
mnan 3 utan« 
eop^an pceatap • 
oj^f^aet eall hapa'S* 
elbep leoma* 
po|xulb-piblep pom* 
pselme po]\b»pneb* 
Don mihtij job- 
on J^one msepan beopj* 
mib ]>jr maeftaxk* 
maejen-f^jiymme cyme's* 
heopon-enjla C]^nia2« 
hab; pcine^* 
pulbojilic opep pepebum< 
palbenbe job* 
onb hme ymb-ucan* 
»)?el-bu2uiS befcapc* 

The swart flame shall seeth 

on the fordone with sin^ 

and the gold ornaments 

gleeds shall devour, 

all ancient treasure 

of the kings of earth. 

There shall be cry and care, 

and of the living strife, 

rue and loud lament 
10 through heaven's comers, 

a sad band of men. 

Thence may not any one 

etain'd with sinful deeds 

gain peace, 

the flame's heat escape 

anywhere 3 

but the fire shall seise, 

ever}rthing on earth, 

shall fiercely delve, 
9a eagerly seek, 

within and without, 

the tracts of earth, 

till that hath all 

the beam of fire 

stain of world*pol]ution 

with heat burned up. 

Then the mighty Grod, 

on that vast hill, 

with the greatest 
30 miyesty shall come, 

heaven's angels' King 

holy shall shine, 

glorious o'er the hosts, 

the powerful God ; 

and around him 

chiefs most excellent, 




hlutpe blicaS* 

eabi; enjla jebpyhc- 


pophte beo)na%« 

fojie paebeji ejfan* 

popf^on nif sem; punbop* 

hu him pojiulb-mohna. 

peo unclaene jecynb- 

ceapum foyi^enbe* 

heapbe onbjiebe* 

^Sca po halje jecynb* 

hpit *] heo]X>n-beopht* [2S a.] 

heaj-enjla mae^en* 

foji iSaejie onjyne bee's* 

e^ptn ajTphte* 

biba% beopenbe* 

beojihte jefoeajzt^e* 

bpyhfcnef bomef • 

baja ejeflicajt:* 

peop}>e% in populbe* 

'pan pulbop-cynm;* 

]?uph l^pym )^pea%* 

J^eoba jehpylce* 

hateS apifan* 


op polb-^apim* 

pole anpa jehpylc* 

Guman to jemoce* 

mon-cyunep ^ehpone* 

faa eall hpaSe* 

abamep cynn* 

onpehS plKfce* 

people's polb-p«pfce. 

eapbep set enbe* 

fceal \m anpa jehpylc- 



holy martial bands, 

shall brightly shuie, 

a train of blessed angels : 

they inwardly 

tremble with fear, 

for terror of the Father ; 

therefore 'tis not any wonder, 

how of worldly men 

the impure race, 

sadly sorrowing, 

shall sorely dread, 

when the holy race, 

white and heaven^bright, 

th* archangel host, 

before that countenance is 

with dread afinghted. 

Trembling await 

the bright creations 

the Lord's doom ; 

a day most terrible 

in the world shall be, 

when the Glory King, 

by his power shall punish 

every people, 

shall bid arise 

those with speech endowed 

from their earth graves, 

each folk 

come to the meeting, 

every of mankind ; 

then all quickly 

Adam's kin 

shall flesh receive, 

shall be of their earth-*rest, 

their dwelling at the end. 

Shall then each one. 



fojie cjufcej* cyme. 
q?ic a Jiff an* 
leo^um onjion* 
•J lic-homan* 
ebjeonj pepm- 
haj:a% eall on him* 
J^aef )?e he on polban* 
m jryjin-bajum- 
jobef oijffe jalef • 
on hif j«fte jehlob. 
jeapa jonjum* 
hapa% aecjaebpe. 
bu lie T raple. 
fceal on leoht cutaan* 
pnyia peopca phfce* 
J po]\ba jemynb. 
J heo]\tan jehyjb- 
pojie heopona cynmj- 
Donne bi}^ jeyceb. 
T jeebnipab- 

mon-cyn )?ujih meotub- 

micel apipeiS* 

bjiyhfc-polc CO borne. 

p]?)>an beaj^r benb- 

colepe'B hp-ppuma- 

lypc hi"? onb»pneb. 

hpeopa'S heopon-pceoppan. 

hy)?aS pibe- 

jipjie jlebe- 

jaeptap hpeoppalJ. 

on ecne eajib* 

opene peopjwS. 

opep mibban-jeapb. 

monna bsebe* 

before Christ's coming, 
living arise, 
members receive, 
and body, 
be again young, 
have in him all 
of that which he on earth, 
in former days, 
of good or evil, 
10 on his soul loaded, 
in course of years ; 
have together 
both body and soul : 
into light shall come 
the image of his works, 
and memory of his words, 
and his heart's thoughts, 
before the heavens' Eong* 
Then shall be increas'd, 

90 and renew'd 

mankind by their Creator ; 
shall arise a great 
multitude to judgment, 
after the bond of death 
life's Author shall unbind. 
Air shall be burned, 
heaven's stars shall fall, 
widely shall destroy 
the greedy fire ; 

30 souls shaU depart 

to their eternal dwelling ; 
open shall be, 
over mid-earth, 
men's deeds. 

25. MS. lif-Fnuman. 




Ne majon hojib pejia* 

heojitan 2e)^oht:af • 

fojie palbenbe- 

yihte bemi)?an- 

ne pnbon hi b»ba byjine 

ac ]?ae]i bi% bjiyhtne GO'S- 

on ]?am miclan bae^e* 

hu monna ^ehpylc* 

aeji eapnobe* 

ecef lipef . 

^ eall "^pcajib- 

^ hi 8eji oy}fe jr6' 

pophtun in populbe* 

ne htS ^Bsji pihc |x>)ihoIen- 

monna jehyjba- 

ac pe maepa bse;- 

hpe}>eji-locena hojib* 

heoptan ^epohtaf' 

ealle »cype%* 

sep pceal jej^encan* 

jKfcep l?eajipe« 

pej^e jobe mynceiS* 

bjun^an beojihcne pbte* 

JTonne bpyne cojxalS* 

hac heojiu^pppe* 

hu ^ehealbne pinb* 

paple PI'S pynnum* 

pope p;^"^™^^' 
"Bon po byman pcepen. 

T pe beophca pepi- 
■J ^ hace rh' 
^ peo hea bujuiJ. 
T pe enjla l?py. 
"3 r® ^Xr*^ fpea. 


Men may not their cogitations, 
their heart's thoughts, 
before the Supreme, 
in aught conceal : 
deeds are not dark to him, 
but there shall be known to the 
on that great day, [Lord, 

how every man 
shall ere have merited 
eternal life ; 
and all be present, 
that they early or late 
wrought in the world, 
[23 i6.] There shall be ftaught conceal'd 
of men's cogitations, 
but the great day 
the mind's recesses, 
the heart's thoughts, 
shall all disclose. 
Ere should meditate 
on his soul's need« 
he who to God inteudeth 
to bring a bright aspect, 
when the burning proveth, 
hot, all-devouring, 
how abstinent have been 
souls from sins, 
before the judge triumphant ; 
when the trumpet's voice, 
and the bright sign, 
and the hot fire, 
and the high chieftains, 
and the angels' grandeur, 
and the pain of terror, 



1. pejias? hopb, i. e. bpeort-hojib, = heojitan ^e^obcaj, 1. 2. 




•3 j'e heapba baej. 
■3 feo hea pob- 
pyht apsejieb* 
picef to beacne* 
folc-bjiyhfc pepa* 
bipopan bonna'S* 
jtipla jehpylce* 
Jmjia J?e fi^ op^e aep. 
on lic-homan* 
leo]?um onjzen^en- 
%dn peopoba maept- 
pope palbenbe* 
ece "5 ebjeonj- 
•^peapb JK*?. 
neobe 3 nybe- 
bi noman ^ebatne* 
bepa'S bpeo]*t:a hopb. 
pope beapn jobep. 
peopep ppaefcpe. 
pile paebep eahtan* 
hu ^ejiinbe puna- 
paple bpin^en* 
op )mm e^le* 
]?e hi onlipbon* 
%6n beo% bealbe* 
)m 'pe beophtne plice* 
meotube bpin^a'S* 
biiS hypa meahc 3 sepea« 
ppiiSe jep»bjlic- 
paplum to pelbe* 
pulbop-lean peopca* 
pel ip ]?am }^ motun- 
on )^a ^imman tib* 
jobe hcian :• 

and the stern day, 

and the high rood, 

rais'd erect, 

in sign of sway, 

before tfi' assemblage of men, 

shall proclaim, 

before every soul 

of those that ere or late, 

in body, 
10 members received ; 

when of hosts the greatest 

before the Powerful, 

eternal and again young, 

shall present go, 

by force and need, 

call'd by name, 

shall bare their breasts' recesses 

before the Child of Grod, 

their life's treasures, 
20 the Father will observe 

how healthy his sons 

bring their souls 

from that land 

in which they liv'd. 

Then will be bold 

they who a bright aspect 

to the Creator bring; 

their might and joy shall be 

very abundant, 
30 for their souls' recompence, 

a glorious reward for their works. 

Well is it for those who may, 

at that awful hour, 

to God give pleasure* 

2S. Altered from f apla. The pi. termination in e for a, being prevalent through- 
out the MS., will not hereafter be noticed. 33. MS. morum. 




paeji him j'ylj^ jefeo"S- 

jx)jija maej'te- 

}7n-j5 men- ^ 


ne htS hmi to ape* 

'^BBt )?»ji pope ell]?eobum« 

ujjej- bpyhcnef pob- 

•^peapb jTonbeiS- 

beacna beopht:a]x- 

blobe beftemeb* 


hlutpan bpeope- 

bifeon mib fpate- 

)wet opep pbe jefceaj:t. 

fcipe feme's* 

fceabu beoS bibypneb. [24 a.] 

pB&ji fe leohta beam- 

leobum byphte'S- 

]?aet )^eah to- 

ceonum peopJ^eS- » 

]^eobum to ]?pea- 

]?am ]?e )^onc ^obe- 


pita ne cu)mn- 

ysdf ye he on J^one haljan beam* 

ahonjen p»f - 

pope mon-cynnep - 


piBji he leophce- 

hpep ceapobe- ao 

There themselves shall see 

of sorrows greatest, 

men stain'd with sin, 

sad in soul ; 

it shall not be to them in mercy, 

that there before strange nations 

our Lord's rood 

present standeth, 

brightest of signs, 

with the blood bedew'd 

of heaven's King, 

with pure gore ; 

shall see with sweating, 

that o'er the wide creation 

it clearly shineth : 

shade shall be hidden, 

where the light beam 

to nations brighteneth : 

yet that to 

their harm shall be, 

a chastisement to nations, 

to those who thanks to God, 

(workers of sin) 

knew not, 

for that he on the holy tree 

was hanged, 

for mankind's 

evil misdeeds, 

where he dearly 

sold his life, 

IS. hifeOKt 

2S. pom-pypcendum? 

F 2 

24. pihte? 



J?eoben mon-cynne* 

on )?am bae^e* 

mib )?y peop'Se. 

|?e n6 pom bybe^ 

hi)' lic-homa* 

leahtpa ppena- 

raib ]>y upc alypbe^ 

J?aej' he ejrc-lean pile- 

J?uph eojinepce- 

eallep jenomian* 

"Bon po jieabe* 

pob opep ealle* 

J7>ejle fcme^* 

on Jwpe punnan jylb. 

on )^a pophthce* 

ppenum popbone* 

ppeapce j-yn-pypcenb. 

popjum phtaiS. 

jepeo'S him Co bealpe* 

f him befcpt bicpo* 

J^aep hy hit to jobe- 

onpet:an polban* 

^ eac ]?a ealban punbe* 

^ y^L openan bol;* 

on hypa bpyhcne jej-eo'S 


fpahim mib naejlum }mph- 


I^a hpitan honba* 

^ pa, haljan pet* 

"3 op hip piban ppa pome 

]7>at popletan* 

}>8Bp blob ^ paetep. 

butu aet-pomne. - 

the Lord, for mankind, 

on that day, 

with that price, 

whose body 

no crime committed, 

wicked sins, 

with which he us redeemed ; 

for this he will a recompense 

10 surely take, 

when the red 

rood over all 

the heaven shineth, 

in the sun's stead, 

on which fearfully 

the lost in crimes, 

dark workers of sin, 

shall sorrowfully look, 

shall see to their oum harm, 
90 that it had best become them, 

that they it to good purpose 

would have understood : 

and also the old wounds, 

and the open sores, 

on their Lord shall see, 

sad of soul ; 
bpipan* how of him pierced with nails 

the devisors of evil 

the white hands, 
30 and the holy feet, 

and from his side also 

the gore let out, 

where blood and water, 

both together. 

6. leahtoji-j:? 

21. >fer? 




ut bicpoman- 

pojie ea^na jej-yh^S. 

pinuan jzojie pincu* 

]7a he on jiobe pae)-. 

6all pif ma^on* 

him Yjiye jefeon* 

]?6n open opjece* 

f he fop aelba lupin* 

ppen-ppemmenbjia • 

}:ela J^jiopabe* 

majun leoba beapn* 

leohce oncnapan* 

hu hine lyjnebon- 

leaf e on jej^oncu* 

hyfpcun heajim-cpibum* 

J on hif hleop fomob* 

hyjia fpatl fpeopbon* 

fpjiaecon him ebpit* 

3 on ]7one eab^an* 

jphtan fpa fome* 

hel-pife men* 

honbum flopin* 

]:olmum apeahtum* 

■3 jiyjtnim eac* 

^ ymb hif heajiob* 

heapbne ^^bi^bon* 

beaj l^ypnenne- 

blmbe on jej'oncum* [24 6.] 

byfje 3 jebpealbe. 

^efepm ]^a bumban jefceaft* 

eop«an eal-^ene. 

3 up-pobop. 

):ophte 26j:elan- 

jrpean J^popm^a* 


|>eah hi cpico nsppon* 



came out^ 

before the sight of eyes^ 

running before men^ 

when he was on the rood. 

All this may 

themselves see 

tlien plainly manifest^ 

that he for love of mortals, 

framers of crime^ 

much sufFer'd ; 

the children of men may 

easily know 

how him belied 

the false in their thoughts, 

scoffed with maledictions, 

and on his face also 

their spittle spat; 

spake to him reproach, 

and on the blessed 

visage also, 

hell-prone men 

with their hands struck, 

with outstretched palms, 

and with fists eke, 

and about his head 

bent a hard 

thorny crown, 

blind in their thoughts, 

foolish and erring. 

They saw the dumb creation, 

the earth all-green, 

and heaven above, 

fearfully feel 

the Lord's sufferings, 

and sorrowfully they mourn'd, 

though quick they were not. 



)?a )?e hypa fcyppenb. 
j*cea)^an onfenjon- 
yynga honbum* 
j'unne peap'S abpa&fceb* 
l^peam aj^pyj^meb. 
J>a j'lo )?eo8 jepeah. 
in hiepufalem* 
jobpebba cyjt. 
I^aet a&p i5am haljan* 
huj'e pceolbe. 
CO peopj^unja. 
peopub ]*ceapian* 
ujran eall )X)pbaep]t;« 
\>xt hit on eopj^an lae;* 
on tpam jxyccum* 
J?2ep cemplep pejl. 
punbop-bleom jepophc- 
CO plice yeey hupep. 
pylp plac on cu* 
ppylce hiC peaxep ecj- 
pceapp )?uph-pobe» 
j'cipe bup]t:au- 
mupap "3 pcanap* 
monje aepcep polban* 
"3 peo eopiSe eac- 
ejpan mypbe- 
beopobe on beaphcme* 
"5 j'e bpaba j-se. 
cySbe cpaepcep meahc* 
"] op clomme bpaec* 
up yppmja. 
on eop)^an pseiSm* 
je on ]Xebe j'cynum. 
j'Ceoppan poplecon^ 

when their Creator 

the impious seiz'd, 

with sinful hands. 

27ie sun was extinguish 'd> 

with sufferings obscur'd. 

Then the people saw^ 

in Jerusalem^ 

of textures choicest, 

(that ere, to that holy 
10 house 

in reverence, 

the multitude should hehoJd,) 

from above all burst, 

so that on earth it lay 

in pieces twain ; 

the temple's veil itself, 

with wonder-colours wrought, 

for beauty of that house, 

in twain was rent, 
90 as if it a faulchion's edge 

sharp had pass'd through. 

Burst the bright 

walls, and stones 

many over earth, 

and the earth eke 

was mindful of that terror, 

trembled instantly 5 

and the broad sea 

showed its power's might, 
30 and from durance brake 

angrily up, 

on to earth's bosom : 

yea, in their beauteous place 

the stars forsook 

26. mynbe? — K. 



hyjia fp«j'ne plite- 
on J?a jyljian Cib- 
heofon hlucrpe onjeat- 
hpa bine healice* 
cophtne jecpemebe^ 
tninjol-^iininum . 
fopj^on he hif boban j'enbe- 
^a p«f jebopen Bsjieyt* 
jefceapfca fcip-cynmj. 
bpaet eac fcylbje men. 
jepejon co j'oiSe. 

Py rylp^n ba&je. 

^e on ];popabe« 

}^eob-punbop micel. 

fve eojilSe ajeaj:- 

pa hyjie on lae^un* 

ejit bfjenbe. 


J?a }w beo sep pepce. 

bipenjen haepbe- 

beabe bibypjebe. 

fe bpybcnep bibob. 

faeolbon on hpej^pe* 

hell eac on^eac* 

f cylb-ppeccenbe • 

f r® pcyppenb cpo. 

palbenbe job- 

ysL beo f peopub ajeap* 

hlo]?e op "Sam hatan hpe]>pe< 

hyje peap$ monju bbpj-ab. 

their sweet aspect : 

at that same time, 

the clear heaven felt, 

who it on high, 

bright^ had adom'd 

with starry gems ; 

therefore its messengers it sent, 

when first was bom 

of creatures the bright King. 
]o Aye^ also guilty men 

saw in sooth, 

on the same day 

on which he suffered, 

a mighty wonder great, 

that the earth gave up 

those who in her lay : 

living again 

stood up 

those whom ere she fast 
20 had enclosM^ 

had buried^ dead, 

who the Lord's command 

had held in mind. 

Hell also understood, 

the sin-avenging, 

that the Creator was come^ 

the powerful God ; 

when she the multitude gave up, 

the band from her hot bosom, 
30 the mind was bless'd of many 

paplum popje to-jlibene. [25 a.] souls, their sorrows pass'd away. 

hpaet eac pse cySbe* Yea, eke the sea declared 

hpa hme jepecce. who had set it 

on pibne jpunb- on the broad ground. 

20. MS. bipcn. 



tiji-meahtij cynmj. 

Fop)?on he hme tpebne- 

him on jean jypebe- 

}>on job polbe- 

opep pne y^e jan- 

eah-j*tpeam ne bojijte- 

hif }:pean yet- 

ylobe bi)*encan« 

je eac beamaf onbubon* 

hpa hy mib blebum fceop* 

monje nalef pea* 

iSa mihcjj job- 

on hipa anne jeptaj- 

l^aep he eappej^u* 

je}^olabe pojie )wappe« 


la'Shcne bed's* 

leobu to helpe. 

Da pe&jvS beam monij* 

blobijum teapum* 

bipunnen unbep pobepum* 

peabe ^ j^icce* 

r»p peap« CO rpace. 

pBst apecjan ne majun* 


}mph fpob jepit* 

hu pela l^a onpunbun* 

]7a jepelan ne majun* 

bpybtnep J^opmja* 

beabe jepceapte. 

\>Si ^e adpeldLYt pmb* 

eopSan jecynba* 

"J heoponep eac- 

heah- jetimbpo • 




the glorious mighty King, 

therefore it itself passable 

towards him made ; 

when God would 

over its wave go, 

the water-stream durst not 

his Lord's feet 

sink in the flood. 

Yea, the trees eke proclakn'd 

who had with branches shap'd 

many not few, [them^ 

when mighty God 

on one of them ascended, 

where he pains 

endur'd for need 

of earth's inhabitants, 

a loathly death, 

in help to mortals* 

Then was many a tree 

with bloody tears 

suffus'd under the heavens ; 

red and thick 

their sap was turn'd to gore r 

so that may not say 

earth's habitants, 

through wise knowledge, 

how many then perceiv'd, 

which could not feel, 

the Lord's sufferings, 

dead creatures. 

Those that noblest are 

of earthly natures, 

and of heaven eke 

the lofty structures. 

S* '• zyp^^^^ (^eajipo^^e). 

7. MS. j:jieain. 

S4. MS. majum. 





eall fojie )^am aim- 

UDjioc ^epeapiS* 

fophc ajion^en* 

Jieah hi fejiiS-jepit* 

op hyjia »]^elum* 

»nij ne cuj^en- 

penbon ppa J^eah punbpum* 

l^a hyjia palbenb* 

]:op op lic-homan* 

leobe ne cuj^an* 

moh-blinbe men* 

meotub dncnapan- 

phntum beajibjian* 


pjiam hell-q>ale« 

haljum meahtum. 

alpalba 50b. 

^ set aepejran* 

po]\e-]7oncle men* 

ppom pjiuman po]\ulbe* 

{^uph pip jepit. 

pit:2an bpyhtnep- 

hal^e hije-jleape. 

h»le]^um pae^bon* 

opt nalep aene* 

ymb f Bsipele beapn- 

%»t pe eapcnan ptan* 

eallum pceolbe* 

to hleo "3 to hpol^eji* 

baelej^a cynne* [25 &•] 

peo)i%an m populbe* 

jmlbpep a^enb* 

eabep o)ib-ppuma« 

)m]ih )?a mpelan cpenn :• 

all for that alone 

became sad^ 

seiz'd with fear ; 

though they mental wit^ 

by their natures 

knew not any^ 

ween'd yet wondrously^ 

when their Sovereign 

from body parted. 
10 The nations could not, 

men blind of mind, 

their Lord acknowledge, 

harder than flints, 

that them the Lord had sav'd 

from hell-torment, 

by Aw holy powers, 

all-powerful God, 

what at the first 

sagacious men, 
» from the world's beginning, 

through wise understanding, 

prophets of the Lord, 

holy prudent-minded 

said to men, 

oft not once, 

about that noble child : 

that he a precious stone 

should to all, 

for refuge and for comfort 
30 to mankind, 

be in the world, 

the Lord of glory, 

Origin of happiness, 

through that noble woman. 




DpaBf pene'S fe. 

)?e mib jepicce nyle- 

jemunan ]7a milban- 

meotubef lajie* 

"3 eal "Sa eappeSu* 

pe he fojie selbum abpea;* 

fojijion pe he polbe- 

pBdt pe pulbjiep eajib- 

in ecnejje- 

a^an mopcen* lo 

Spa }^am hrS jpojine. 

on J^am ^piniman basje- 

bomep ]^»p miclan- 

]^am ]7e bpyhtnep pceal* 

bea« plenum popbeu. 

bolj pceapian- 

punbe 3 pite- 

on pejupim pepan- 

jepeo"? popja maepte* 

hu pe pylpa cynmj. » 

mib pme hc-homan* 

lypbe op ppemim* 

l^ujih milbe mob* 

f hy moptun- 


tome hpjan* 

"5 tijiep blfleb* 

ecne a^an. 

hy l^aep e"81ep )?onc* 

hypa palbenbe* ao 

pita ue cuj^on* 

What thinketh he^ 

who with understanding will not 

be mindful of the mild 

lore of the Creator, 

and all the pains 

that he for men ondur'd, 

because he would 

that we th' abode of glory 

for ever 

might possess ? 

So to them it shall be sad, 

on that grim day 

of the great doom, 

whom the Lord's death 

shall for their crimes foredo, 

to behold the scars, 

wounds and punishment, 

in their sad mind : 

they shall see of sorrows greatest, 

how them the King himself, 

with his body 

released from sins, 

through benignant mind, 

that they might 

from evil deeds 

live exempt, 

and of glory fruit 

possess eternal. 

They, for this land, thanks 

to their Sovereign 

knew not ; 

31. pihte? 



jiopj'on ysRji to teonum ]^a 

tacen jefeoiS. 

opjeatu on jobe- 


)?6n cjuffc pteiS. 

OD hif cyne-jTole. 

on heah-fecle* 

heofon^maejna ^ob* 

pebep aelmihtij* 

folca j^bpylcum- 

jxyppenb fcmenbe. 

fcjuj:e"8 bi jepyjihfcum* 

eall mpoeji pyhte* 

jiobejia palbenb* 

}wln beo^ jefomnab- 

on ]?a fpij^pao honb* 

]^a clsenan pole* 

cjufte fylfum. 

jecopene bi cyfcum- 

}^a aeji finne q^ibe* 

jeojme lu|ru laeptun- 

on hy]ia bjr-ba^um* 

Onb ]?«]i pom«fcea)Ktn. 

on J'one pypf ap bael. 

fope fcyppenbe- 

I'cypebe peop^%- 

hate's him jepitan* 

on ]^a pinptpan honb* 

fijopa poS-cynmj. 

pynpilpa peopub« 

}^»)i by apapabe- 

peocalS -J beopaS- [26 a J 

pope ppean pophte* 

ppa pule ppaj^- 

unpyppe pole 

apna ne penaS- 




therefore there to their harms 

signs shall see, [these 

manifest in God, 


when Christ shall sit 

on his kingly throne, 

on his lofty seat, 

God of the heavenly powers. 

Father almighty, 

to every people 

the Creator shining 

shall by their works adjudge, 

all according to rights 

the Sovereign of the skies. 

Then shall be assembled, 

on the right hand, 

the pure people, 

by Christ himself 

chosen by bands, 

who had before his word 

joyfully performed, 

in their life-days. 

And there the wicked 

Into the worse part, 

before the Creator 

shall be" separated ; 

shall bid depart, 

on the left hand, 

Me just King of triumphs 

the band of sinful, 

there they detected 

shall wail and tremble, 

before the Lord afraid, 

as foul as goats, 

an impure folk, 

no mercies they expect. 



Don bi5 jaejxa bom- 

jiojie jobe jxeaben* 

pejia cneojiiffum. 

fpa hi jepophtun ^ji« 

j^aep bii$ on eabpim- 

cS jejyne- 

)7jieo tacen fomob* 

|?«f Jie hi hyjia J^eobnep pel- 

popbum 3 peo]\cum- 

pillan heolbon- 

3:n ip aepepfc. 

opjeace ]?aeji. 

]?»& hy pope leobum* 

leohte bbca]?- 

blaebe 3 byjihte- 

opeji buiija jepefcu- 

him onpcina'S. 


on pylpjia ^^hpam- 

punnan beojihtjian- 

Oj^ep ip co-eacan. 

■^jece ppa pome. 

f by him in pulbpe pitx)n« 

palbenbep jiepe- 

3 onpeoiS. 

eajum to pynne* 

pddt hi on heopon-juce- 

hlutpu bpeamap- 

eabje mib en^lum- 

a^an motun- 

Don briS J^jubbe. 

hu on I'ypt^pa bealo* 

f jepaehje peopub. 

jepihlS }^»c popbone* 

When the doom of spirits shall be 

before God decided 

to the generations of men, 

as they ere wrought, 

there among the bless'd shall be 

easily seen 

three signs at once, 

for that they well their Lord's, 

by words and works, 
10 will observed : 

One is first, 

there manifest, 

that before people they 

with light shall shine, 

with glory and with brightness^ 

over the cities' dwellings ; 

on them shall shine 

their former deeds, 

on each one, 
» than the sun brighter. 

77ie second. also is 

manifest likewise, 

that they for them in glory know 

the grace of the Supreme, 

and shall see, 

to their eyes' delight, 

that they, in heaven's kingdom, 

pure joys, 

happy with angels, 
30 may possess. 

Then shall be the third, 

how, in the calamity of darkness, 

that blessed company 

shall see that the foredone 

J22, ojijcte? 

30. MS. ipotum. 



faji l^popian- 

jynna to pice- 

peallenbne lij- 

*] pypma pbfce. 

bicpum ceajdum* 

bypnenbpa j'cole. 

Of Jiam bun apeaxe^- 

pynjnim jepeS. 

Jwn bi j^sec ypel jej'eoS- 

oUfie bpeo^an* 

Jwc by Jnijib miltpe* 

meotubep jenaepon. 

Don bi }^y ^eopnop* 

jobe ]?oncia%- 

blaebep ^ bbppa. 

'pe by bu jepeo"8. 

f be by jenejiebe. 

fpom niiS-cpale- 

J eac popjeap* 

ece bpeamap- 

bi% bim bel bilocen* 

beopon-pice apepen* 

ppa pceal jeppixleb. 

)^am )?e sep pel beolbon* 

)?upb mob-lupan* 

meotubep pillan* 

Donne hxS Jiam oj^pum. 


piUa jepopben- 

ma^on peana to pela- 

^epeon on bim pelpum* 

pynne jenoje. 


ffiji ^ebenjia- 

y»li bim pop^enbum* 

sball suffer pain, 

in punisbment of sins, 

boiling flame, 

and serpents' bite^ 

witb bitter jaws ; 

the sboal of those burning : 

from whieb to tbem sball wax 

winsome deligbt, 

wlien tbey that evil see 
10 otbers suffering, 

tbat they tbrougb mercy 

of the Lord are saved. 

Then tbey tbe more fervently 

God sball thank, 

for their enjoyments and delights, 

when tbey see both, 

tbat he bath tbem preserved 

from evil torment, 

and them hath also given 
M eternal joys ; 

to tbem shall bell be lock'd, 

beaven's kingdom given. 

So sball be allotted [served, 

to those who ere have well ob- 

through their mind's love^ 

the Creator's will. 

Then will to the otbers 


the disposition be : 
30 they may too many woes 

see in themselves, 

sins enough, 

dire afflictions, 

for their former deeds ; 

there to them sorrowing 



faji olJclijie'S- 

J^jiobt ]7eob-bealu- 

on ]^eo healfa* 

an If t^ajia* 

f by him ^m)>a Co jiela. 

jjiim belle j^* 

jeajio to pite* 

■^peapb feoiS- 

on \k bi apo pculon* 


psepjSu bpeojan* 

fdn If bim o|>eji. 

eajipe^ ppa pome- 

pcylbpini Co pconbe. 

)wec bi l^aep pcoma maepce. 

hpeoja^S popbone. 

on bim bpybcen jepblS. 

nalep peapa pum* 

pipen-bealu lalShc- 

•3 ^ sell-beopbce. 

eac pceapia'S- 

beopon-enjla bepe- 

^ bselej^a beapn* 

ealle eopiS-buenb* 

■5 acol beopol. 

mipcne maejen-cpaepc. 

man-pomma ^ebpone* 

ma^on ]^upb \^ hc-boman 

leabcpa ppene- 

jepeon on J?am paplu- 

beolJ J?a pynjan ptepc. 

pcanbum }mpb-paben. 

ppa |?aec pcipe jlaep. 


pain sball cleave, 
[26 &•] sufFering, mortal ill, 

on tbree sides : 

One of tbem is, 

tbat tbey too many miseries, 

bell's grim fire 

ready for punisbment 

sball present see, 

in wbicb tbey ever sball, 

vengeance suffering, 

curses endure. 

Tben is to tbem the second 

misery also, 

in sbame to the guilty, [tumely 

tbat tbey tbere the greatest con- 

foredone sball suffer : 

in tbem tbe Lord sball see, 

not of few one 

loatbly sinful evil : 
» and tbat the all-brigbt 

band of beaven's angels 

eke sball heboid, 

and the sons of men, 

all earth's habitants, 

and the fell devil; 

dark powerful craft, 

each blot of sin, 

they may through tbe body's 

pernicious vices 
30 see in the souls ; 

tbe sinful flbsb sball be 

with scandals penetrated, 

as the clear glass. 

9. The usual orthography fbr apa in thii MS. 

29. leahtop-j:? 





)>»t mon f^pc maej* 

eall ]7U)ih-plitan- 

Don biiS \fBet j^pibbe- 

}>eap):enbuin fop;- 

cp]76nbe ceajio« 

^ hy on ]^a daenan feo%« 

hu hi j:o]\e job-baebum* 

jlabe blifjiaiS. 

]^a hy unfsel^e* 

aeji p>]iho2bun* 

CO bonne* 

]?dn him ba^f laeftmn* 

•3 be hyjia peojicum- 

pepenbe j-ap* 

^ hi aep pjieohce- 

jipemebon unpyht* 

^epeo^ hi ]^a betpan* 

blasbe fcinan* 

ne bi% him h;^pa ypm'Su- 

an to pte* 

ac J'apa o]?eppa« 

eab to fopjum* 

J^SBf pe hy fpa jcaejpe jejreon. 

on pypn-bajum* 

■3 fpa aenhce* 



hcef pynne* 

eap^ef jdsefo-homan* 

ibehie luft* ao 

)wp hi afcamobe* 

fconbum ^ebpeahte* 

fpicia^ on fpiman* 



so that men most easily may 

all see through. 

Then shall be the third 

sorrow to the miserable^ 

wailing care^ 

that they in the pure shall see, 

how they for their good deeds 

gladly rejoice, 

which they unhappy 

ere neglected 

to do, 

when their days lasted, 

and for their works 

sorely weeping, 

for that they ere readily 

perpetrated wrong : 

they shall see the better 

in glory shining : 

nor shall to them their misery be 

alone a torment, 

but of the others 

the happiness shall be as sorrows, 

for that they so fairly rejoice 

in their former days, 

and so exemplarily 


the all-deceiving 

joys of body, 

of the slothful carcase 

the idle lust. 

There they abash'd, 

shamefully tormented, 

wander in giddiness, 

their sin-burthen. 

34. r. byji]»ene. 




ppen-peopc bejiaS- 

on f )?a pole feoiS- 

p8epe him Jwn betjie- 

]>Bdt hy bealo-b»he« [27 a.] 

aelcer unjiyhcef. 

sep jefcomeben. 

pope anum men* 

eap^pa peopca* 

jobej' boban j^bon« 

)?8ec hi to jypne pijton. 

ppen-bseba on him* 

ne m«j I'uph J?»c plaefc* 

fe fcpipc jepeon- 

on )?»jie paple- 

hp»]^p him mon poiS* 


on hme pylpne* 

paa he J?a pynne bijseS* 

moe; mon ppa pesh jelacmjan* 

leahtpa j^hpylcne* ao 

ypel unclaene* 

jip he hit anum jepej^S. 

^ naeni; bihelan ma&j' 

on |?am heapban bseje* 

pom unbeteb* 

"Baep hit )?a peopub jepeo^S. 

eala )^p pe nu ma^on* 

ppaj?e ppene* 

^ep eon on uppum ]*aplu« 

pynna punbe- so 

mib hc-homan* 

leahtpa jehy^bu* 

eajum uncl»ne- 


their wicked works, they bear, 

on which the people look. 

Then were it for them better, 

that they for sinful deeds, 

for each unrighteousness, 

had before felt shame 

before one man, 

for their evil works. 

God's messengers said, 

that they too well knew 

wicked deeds in them. 

Through the flesh cannot 

the confessor see 

into the soul, 

whether to him a man sooth 

or falsehood say 

of himself, 

when they sins commit ; 

yet can man heal 

every sin, 

unclean evil, 

if he it saith to one : 

and none may conceal, 

on that stem day, 

crime unrepaired, 

where it the multitudes shall see. 

Alas that we now may 

hateful crimes 

see in our souls, « 

wounds of sin, 

with the body's 

wicked cogitations ; 

with eyes, impure 

inward thoughts ! 

26. r. peojiubajr. 

27. >8Bt? 

89. leahtoji-^ehy jbii '{ 



ne pfet aenij mse^' 
o]7}ium jefecjan. 
mib hu micle elue* 
aejhpylc piUe. 
]7uph ealle k]^* 
lipef tili^an- 
}:eojief jrophclice. 
pop% a^olian- 
ryn-jiuft Jipean* 
*] hine fyljrne J^jiean* 
^ f pom »]ijiaD* 
puDbe baelan* 
l^one lytlan Fypjr. 
]>e heji li]»r py. 
^ he mae^e fojie eapim* 
e'Slep mib monnum* 
bpucan bypmepleaf • 
}wnban bu j*omob* 
lie T faple. 
lijzjan mote :- 



That may not any 

to other say 

with how great courage 

every one will, 

through all knowledge, 

life cultivate, 

life fearfully ; 

henceforth endure, 

sin-rust wash away, 

and himself chastise, 

and that former stain, 

that wound heal, 

the little term 

that of life is here ; 

that he may before the eyes 

of earth's inhabitants 

without shame, 

the world with men 

enjoy blamelessly, 

while both together, 

body and soul, 

may live. 

Nu pe pceolon jeopne» 

^leaplice Jmjih-peon. 

ujje hjiej^ji-copan. 

heoptan ea>^m* 

mnan uncy]i::e* 

pe mib )?am o^jium ne mapin« 


hyje-|>oncef jzepiS. so 


Now we ought earnestly, 

and skilfully to see through 

our mind's coffer, 

with eyes of heart, 

our sin within : 

we may not, with the other 


our soul's thought, 



eapi )?uph-plit;an- 


hp»)>ep him yfel J?e job. 

unbep pumje* 

f he on )?a ^iniman tib* 

jobe licie. 

)?on he ojreji peopuba jehpylc^ 

pulbpe pcmeiS. [27 i.] 

op hip heah-petle* 

hlutpan leje- lo 

]?8ep he pojie enjlum* 

3 pope elj^eobum. 

CO pam eabjepfcum. 

aepejt mse^le^* 

"5 him j-paephce- 

pbbe jehaceiS. 

heopona heah-cyninj. 

haljan peopbe* 

ppeppeiS he paejpe* 

•J hi ppij? beobeS. ao 

hate% hy jepunbe. 

"5 jepenabe. 

on ejiel papan* 

enjla bpeamep* 

"5 J?a&p fco piban peope- 

piUum neotan. 

OnpoiS nu mib ppeonbum* 

mmep paebep pice. 

f eop paep aep populbum* 

pynhce jeapo* ao 

bl«b niib bhpjTim. 

beophc e'Slej' phce- 

hponne je |?a kp-pelan • 

mib }7am leopcum- 

j-pape ppejl-bpeamap. 

with eyes, see through, 

in any way ; 

whether evil or good 

dwell under it^ 

so that at the dread time it 

may to God be pleasing^ 

when he over each multitude 

shall with glory shine 

from his lofty throne, 

with pure flame ; 

where he before angels, 

and before nations, 

to those most blessed, 

first shall speak, 

and to them kindly 

shall promise peace, 

the heavens' high King, 

with holy voice ; 

he shall fairly comfort themy 

and peace to them announce, 

shall bid them, safe 

and blessed, 

go into the land 

of angels' joy, 

and it for evermore 

at will enjoy : 

' Receive now with my friends 

my Father's realm, 

that was for you ere worlds 

joyfully prepared, 

glory with delights, 

the land's bright beauty, 

when ye those vital blessings, 

with the most beloved, 

sweet heavenly joys, 

14. MS. mKbletf. 

S9. bttojihtne? 

34. r. leojrefrum. 



jefeon moften* 
je )wf eapnebon* 
ysL je eapme men* 
populb-t^eappenbe - 
piUum onpeojun* 
on milbum pepan* 

may see. 
Ye this merited^ 
when ye poor men, 
the world's needy, 
willingly received, 
with tender soul ; 

^n by him ]mph mmne noman* when they, in my name. 



eaiSmobe to eop* 

apna bsebun* 

poa ^e hypa hulpon* 

^ him hleolS ^epon* 

hm^penbum hlap- 

^ hpa&^l nacebum* 

*;) ]^a ]^ on pape* 

peoce lapin* 

»pbon (inpopce. 

able ^ebunbne* 

to yam -gd holbhce- 

hyje fta]%labon« 

mib mobep myne- 

eall je f me bybon* 

iSdn je hy mib pbbum pohcun 

^ hypa pepan tpymebon* 

popi5 on ppoppe* 

V^T X® pejpe pceolon* 

lean mib leopum* 

lan^e bpucan- 

OnpnneS ySn to ]^am yplum* 


popbum mse'Slan* 

ye him brS on pa pynftpan honb 

]mph ejpan J^pea- 

alpalba ^ob- 

ne l^uppon hi y6n to meotube* 

miltpe jepenan* 

5. MS. onpenjvm. 

humbly to you 

pray'd for compassion, 

then ye helped them, 

and them shelter gave, 

bread to the hungry, 

and a garment to tAe naked ; 

and those that in pain 

lay sick, 

suffer'd painfully, 

bound by disease, 

of them ye kindly 

sustain'd the spirit, 

with love of mind ; 

all that ye did for me, 

when in peace ye sought them, 

and their souls strengthen'd 

ever in comfort ; 

for this ye fairly shall 

reward with my beloved 

long enjoy/ 

Then will he begin to the evil, 


in words to speak, 

(who shall be on his left hand) 

through terror's pain, 

th' all-ruling God : 

they may not then at the Lord 

mercy expect, 

16. ffipnbon? 866 p. 84, 1. 7. and p. 87, I. 24. 





lijref ne hfj^a* 

ac )^aep lean cuma^* 

pepum bi jepyjihcum. 

popba "3 bseba. 

peojib-bepenbum • 

j'ceolon J?one fiyhtan boin. 

aenne jeaspnan* 

ejpan pubie. [28 aJ] 

bi^ |?aep j'eo miccle. 

milcp apyppeb. 


on yaxa bseje- 

pdBy aelmihcijan* 

J?dn he yppinja. 

on f ppafce pole* 

pipene pcaele'S- 

la)>um popbu- 

hateiS hypa lipep piht. 

•jpeapb yiSan. 

^ he him ap popjeap. 

jynjum to p»lu- 

onjinneiS pylp cpelSan* 

jT^a he Co anum pppece. 

^ hpae]>pe ealle mane's. 

ppen-pynnij polc« 

ppea almihtij* 

J>pac ic J?ec mon. 

minum honbu* 

apepc jepophce. 

1 l^e "jjiet pealbe. 

op lame ic J^e leoJ?e jepetce. 

jeap ic ^e lipjenbne japfc. 

apobe pe opep ealle jej*ceapte. 

jebybe ic f J?u onpyn hapbejt 

maj-phte me jelicne. 



life nor favours ; 

but there shall retribution come 

to men^ according to their works, 

for words and deeds, 

to those with speech endow'd. 

TTiey shall the one 

righteous doom suffer, 

of terror fiiU ; 

there shall be the great 

mercy cut off 

from the dwellers among nations, 

on that day 

of the Almighty, 

when he angrily 

on that impious people 

crimes shall charge, 

in hostile words, 

shall command their course of life 

present to flow, 

which he them ere had given, 

for happiness to sinners ; 

shall begin himself to speak, 

as if to one he spake, 

and yet shall mean all 

the sinful people, 

the Lord almighty : 

■* Lo I thee man, 

with my hands, 

first wrought, 

and to thee understanding gave ; 

of loam I forniM thy limbs, 

I thee a living spirit gave, 

over all creatures honoured thee : 

I did so that thou shouldst have an 

a form like to myself: [aspect, 

18. 7\iht;= ratio. 



^ea]: ic pe eac ineahta jrpeb* 
pelan ofep pib-lonba jehpylc. 
nyjjer J^u pean »nigae bsA* 

^jxqia )?»t yu )H)lian ]*ceolbe. 

pu pSRY }>onc ne pin*®r* 

]>a ic )w ppa fcienne- 

jepceapen h»pbe» 

pynlicne jepopht ^ )?e. 

pelan popjypen. 

^ %u ino]t:ef pealban* lo 

pojiulbe jiefceaftuux' 

iSa ic )?e on )?a jzae^jian- 

):olban jepette- 

to neocenne* 

neofixna ponjep • 

beophcne bla&b-pelan* 

bleom fcinenbe« 

"Sa )m hfey popb- 

lasptan nolbe)*. 

Bc mm bibob bpaece* ao 

be ];mef bonan pojibe* 

pecnum peonbe- 

fupj^oji hyjibep. 

fcej?|?enbum fcea)?an* 

)^n )?mum ]*eyppenbe« 

Nu ic %a ealban pace* 


hu )ni aet »pe)*tan« 

yple jehojber- 

ppen-peopcimi poplupe* ao 

psdt IC )>e to ppenum pealbe* 

)m ic )7e joba ppa pela- 

poppepen h»pbe- 

3 )^ on )?am eallum* 

I gave thee eke of powers abun- 
weal over each wide land : [dance, 
thou knewest no portion of afi3ic- 
tion^ [suffer ; 

of the darkness that thou hadst to 
thou for this wast not grateful. 
When I thee so fair 
had shapen, 

so beauteous made, and to thee^ 
weal had given, 
that thou mightest rule 
o'er the world's creatures, 
then I thee on the fair 
earth set, 
to enjoy 

bright blooming riches, 
with colours shining : 
then thou the word of life 
wouldst not fulfil, 
but my command didst break, 
through the word of thy bane : 
a treacherous foe 
rather didst thou obey, 
a pernicious spoiler, 
than thy Creator. 
Now the old story I 
let pass, 

how thou at first 
evilly didst devise, 
by sinful works didst lose 
what I to thee for comfort gave. 
When I to thee of good so much 
had given, 
and to thee, in all that. 

81. pjiejpji iinje or jrpojpjie /or pjienum ? 



eabej- co lye. 
mobe )>uht:e* 
jip )ni meahee ypeb^ 
epen-micle jobe. 
ajan ne mofte. 
iSa pu oj: )>an ^^pean* 
fpembe pupbe* 
|:eonbu to piUan* 
peop apojipen- 
neopxna ponjef plite* 
nybe pceolbef . 
apepan jeomop-mob- 
jaejTa ej^el. 
eajij •] unpoc* 
eallum bibseleb* 
bujej^um ^ bpeamum- 
"3 }>a bibpipen pupbe* 
on J^ap J^eoptpan peopulbe 
|?»p j;u |7olabep pj?)>an. 
msejen-eappejm • 
micle ptunbe* 
pap3)-pap jepin. 
^ ppeapcne besX- 
•] septep hin-jonje- 
hpeopan pceolbep. 
bean in belle* 
helpenbpa leap. 
Sa mec onjon bpeopan* 
)>aet: mm bonb-jepeopc* 
on peonba jepealb- 
pepan pceolbe* 
mon-cynnep tubbop* 
ml^n-cpealm peon, 
pceolbe uncu^ne* 

[28 A.] 




too little happiness 

to tby mind seem'd, 

if tbou of powers abundance 

equally great witb God 

mightst not possess, 

tben tbou to tbat deligbt 

becaraest alien, 

at the will of foes 

far east away. 

Paradise's beauty 

must by compulsion, 

sad of mind resign, 

the land of spirits, 

wicked and sorrowful, 

deprived of all 

blessings and joys ; 

and then wast driven 

into this dark world, 

where thou didst suffer afterwards 

hardships severe, 

for a long season, 

pam and heavy toil, 

and swart death ; 

and after thy departure 

shouldest fall 

abased into hell, 

of helpers void. 

Then it began to rue me, 

that my hand-work 

into the power of fiends 

should go, 

the progeny of mankind 

sin-death see ; 

should an unknown 

S. r. meahra. 

34. MS. injoni^e. 



eajib cunnian* 

fape pp^f' 

fa ic rylj: jejraj. 

maja in moboji« 

];eah p8ef hyjie maejben-hab* 

zejhpaef onpalj* 

peajiiS ic Sna jebopen* 

polcum to pjioppe- 

mec mon polmum biponb* 

bi)>eaht;e mib )?eappan pcebum* 

•] mec }?a on J^eoffcpe alejbe. ii 

bijmnbenne nub ponnum cla)^um< 

hpaet IC f pop pojiulbe jef^olabe- 

lytel Jmhte ic leoba beapnum- 

lae; on heapbum ptane* 

cilb "S^^Z ^° cpybbe« 
mib ]>y ic )?e polbe cpealm apyp- 
hat helle bealu* [pan* 

yadt pa mopce hah; pcman* 
eabi; on )^am ecan hpe* ao 

pop^n ic )?aet eappe)?e ponn :• 

dwelling prove, 

painful fortunes. 

Then I myself enter'd, 

a son into his mother, 

yet was her maidenhood 

of every one inviolate. 

I was born alone 

for comfort to mankind. 

They with hands inwrap'd me, 

decked me with thrifty weeds, 

and then in darkness laid me, 

in dusky clothes inwrap'd. 

Aye, that for the world I suffered ; 

little seemM I to the sons of men, 

on the hard stone / lay, 

a young child in a crib, 

when I from thee would death 

hell's hot misery : [remove, 

that thou mightest holy shine, 

blessed in th' eternal life, 

therefore didlthathardshipsuffer.' 


N«p me pop mobe- 
ac ic on ma^u-jeo^u^e* 
^ypmjju jeaepnbe. 
apleap hc-pap* 
f ic ]>uph ]>a- 
p»pe ye jehc* 
^ pVL meahte* 
mmum peopj'an- 
maej-phce j^hc- 


' It was not for pride, 
but I in manly youth 
miseries suiFer'd, 
disgraceful body pain, 
that I through that 
might be like unto thee, 
and thou mightest 
become to my 
fair aspect like. 




iiiane bibaeleb* 

^ pope moiina lupui- 

min ]>{iopabe* 

heapob heapm-j'leje* 

hleoji jej^olabe. 

ojzc "3 lata- 

ajileajTia )*pacl- 

o): mu'Se onpenj;* 


j7>ylce hi me jeblenbon* 

bictjie cofomne* 

unj'pecne bpync* 

ecebej' •] jeallan* 

"Son ic pope polce onjrenj 

peonba jeni^lan* 

pyljbon me mib pjienuni • 

pa&h)>e ne pohtnin- 

•3 mib rpeopum flojun. 

ic }wc fap poji i5e» 

)7uph ea^mebn- 

eall je}H)labe* 

hoj'p •] heajib cpibe. 

)7a hi hpaejue beaj> 

ymb mm heapob* 

heajibne jebyjbon. 

)?jieam biJTjiycton* 

f e paep op |?opnum jepojiht 

iSa ic p»j' ahonjen* 

on heanne beam* 

pobe jepaejrnab. 

%a hi picene- 

mib fpepe op mmpe pban» 

ppac uc-jocun. 

bpeop CO polban* 

from sin detachM ; 

and for love of men 

suffer'd my 

head the baleful stroke, 
[29 a.] my face endur'd, 

oft and late, 

the spittle of the impious^ 

from the mouth received 

of the evil-doers. 
10 So for me they mingled, 

bitterly together, 

an unsweet drink 

of vinegar and gall. 

Then I for mankind receiv'd 

the grudge of foes $ 

they followed me with injuries, 

reek*d not of enmity, 

and with scourges struck me. 

I that pain for thee 
90 humbly 

all suffer'd, 

mockery and reproach. 

Then they a sharp crown 

around my head, 

hard, bent, 

with reproaches press'd it, 

it of thorns was wrought. 

Then I was hang'd 

on a high tree, 
so to a rood fasten'd. 

Then they forthwith, 

with a spear, from my side 

the blood out-pour'd, 

the gorr to earth. 

6. late? 



}wc J?u Of beoflef J^ujih J)aet. 


jenejieb pujibe- 

%a ic pomma leaf* 

pite J^olabe- 

ypel eappej^u- 

o)>)^»t ic anne-fojilet:- 

Of minum kc-homan« 

hjrjenbQe jaepc. 

jepeoiS nu }^a peojih-bolj« lo 

)>e ^eppemebon sep. 

on minum polmum* 

^ on potnim J7>a pome. 

)^uph )^a ic hoD^abe* 

heapbe jepspt^nab* 

meaht hep eac jepeon- 

opjete nu jen- 

on mmpe pban* 


hu )?a&p p»p unepen pacu- ao 

unc 2em»ne< 

ic onpen^ ^in pap ^SRt )m- 

mopce jepaebj. 

minep ej^l-jucep- 

eabi; neocan* 

-J ye mine bea^e* 

beope ^ebohte* 

f lon^e lip* 

pdRt ^u on leohce pj^l^an* 

plitnj pomma leap- so 

punian moptep. 

Lae^ mm plaepc-homa* 

in polban bijpapen* 

ni]7pe jehybeb. 

that thou^ thereby, from the devil's 


might be sav'd. 

Then I void of sins 

punishment endur'd, 

evil afiBictions, 

till that I sent forth, 

from my body, 

the living spirit* 

See now the deadly wounds, 

which they ere inflicted 

on my palms, 

and in my feet also, 

by which I hung, 

strongly fasten'd ; 

here mayst thou also see, 

yet now manifest 

in my side 

the gory wound. 

How uneven an account was 

to us in common ! [there 

I receiv'd thy pain, that thou 

mightest blessed 

my native realm 

happy enjoy, 

and, by my death, for thee 

dearly bought 

that long life, 

that thou in light afterwards, 

beauteous, void of sins, 

nfightest abide. 

My body lay 

buried in earth, 

hidden beneath. 

16. r. mcahce. 



fe i$e naenjum j'cob. 

in byjijenne. 

)>aec ]m meahce beophte- 

uppe on pobejium pepin« 

pice mib enjlum- 

jzopbpon poplece )hi* [29 b."] 

lip ysdt pcyne- 

)?»& ic )?e pop lupaa* 

mib mine lic-homan« 

heanum to helpe> lo 

holb jecypce- 

pupbe J?u J?«p jepitleap* 

]>aet; )m palbenbe* 

J^mpe alypneppe. 

J?onc ne pippep- 

ne apcije ic nil. 

opiht bi )>am bitpan. 

bea^e niinum* 

]>e ic abpea; pope )«• 

ac poppelb me ym Bp* ao 

jTsep }?e ic id }^e mtn* 

)niph populb-pice. 

peopiS jepealbe. 

iSaep hpep ic mani^e* 

^ ];u mib leahtpwn hapapt* 

opflejen pynlice* 

pylpum fco pconbe. 

Fophpan J?u ];«c pele-jepcoc 

Jwt ic me ppsep on ye 

jehal^obe* so 

hup to pynne- 

];uph ppen-luptap- 

pule pynne. 

unpyppe bipmite* 

pylpep piUum- 

je yvL |?one kc-homan« 

(which none had injur'd) 

in the sepulchre, 

that thou mightest brightly, 

up in the skies, be 

with angels powerful. 

Why hast thou forsaken 

that beauteous life, 

that I for thee through love, 

with my body, 

in help to the miserable 

kindly bought ? 

Thou wast so witless, 

that thou to the Jjord, 

for thy redemption, 

showedst no thanks. 

I ask not now 

aught for my bitter 


which for thee I suffer'd ; 

but let thy life requite me, 

of which for thee I mine of yore, 

through worldly penalty, 

gave as price ; 

for that life I exhort thee, 

which thou with vices hast 

slain sinfully, 

to thine own shame. 

Why didst thou the tabernacle, 

which I for my own in thee 

had hallow'd, 

a house for joy, 

through wicked lusts, 

foul sin, 

impurely defile, 

with thine own will ? 

Tea, thou the body. 




pe ic alypbe me* 

peonbum op peiSme* 

^ |>a him pjiene pojibeab* 


f conbmn jepembepc. 

Fojihpon ahenje pn mec hepjop- 

on )mi]ia honba pobe* 

)^ m hon^abe- 

hpaet me ^eoy heapbpa ]>yiice{$* 

nu ip ppaepjia mib mec* ]o 

]nnpa pynna jiob* 

ye ic unpilluon* 

beom ^epa&ptnab* 

paa peo o)?ep. p«p. 

ye ic »ji jepcaj. 

pillum mmum- . 

]?a mec ]fm pea j'pijmpt* 

aet heoptan ^^hpeap* 

)^a ic ]?ec ppom heUe aceah* 

)wp ]>u hit polbe pylpa* oo 

pi)^)^an ^ehealban. 

Ic psep on populbe p»bla« 

^ddt %u pupbe peli^ on heoponu* 

eapm ic p»p on eiSle )^mum* 

}raet }ni popbe eabij on mmum. 

Da "Su ^ddy eaUep* 

»mjne ];onc« 

]^mum nepjenbe* 

nyppep on mobe* 

bibeab ic eop* ao 

yeat jebpoj^op mme- 

m populb-pice- [30 a.] 

pel apetcen* 

op )?am aehcum ye ic eop* 

that I for myself redeem'd 

from the grasp of foes^ 

and it then sin forbade, 


shamefully didst pollute. 

Why hast thou crucified me more 

on the cross of thy hands, 
than when of old I su£Rer'd ? 
yes, this to me the harder seemeth . 
Now with me is heavier 
the cross of thy sins, 
on which unwiUingly I 
am fasten'd, 
than the other was, 
which I before ascended, 
with my own will, 
when me thy misery most 
rued at heart ; 

when firom hell I drew thee, 
where thou thyself wouldst 
afterwards abide. 
I in the world was poor, [rich, 
that thou in heaven mightst be 
miserable I was in thy country, . 
that thou in mine mightest be 
Then thou for all this, [happy, 
any thanks 
to thy Saviour 
hadst not in mind. 
I bade you, 
that ye my brethren, 
in the world's realm 
well should cherish ; [you 

from the possessions, that I to 

9. r. heajibjie. 

10. r. YpBBpjie. 




on eopSau jeap* 

eafimjia hulpen* 

eajije je J?Kt Isejmin* 

];eajifum jzojipyjinbon- 

f hi unbeji eoppum- 

J^aece mojren* 


3 him aejhpsef ojitu^on* 

)^uph heajibne hyje* 

hpaejlej* nacebuni* 

mofef mete-leapum* 

);eah hy him ];uph mmne noman* 

pepje ponhale* 

paecan bseban* 

bpyncep 5ebpeahfce. 

bujuj^a leape- 

Jjupjre jel^ebe- 

je him J^pipce optujon. 

Sapje je ne pohton- 

ne him ypsdyhc popb* 20 

ppoppe je pppaecon. 

f hy J?y ppeopan hyje. 

mobe jepenjen* 

eall je ysst me bybon to hyn];um 


p»y je pceolon heapbe abpeo^an • 

pite to piban ealbpe* 

ppaec mib beoplum ^eyolian, 

Don ]>aBp opeji ealle- 

ejephcne q>ibe- 

pylp pjojia peajib* 

papep pulne* 

opep ^ F«je pole* 

pop's poplffite%« 

cpiiS to )7apa pynpulpa- 


on the earth gave^ 

that ye the poor should help : 

badly ye that perform'd. 

The needy ye forbade, 

that they under your 

roof might 


and everything denied them, 

through cruel mind, 

raiment to the naked, 

food to the meatless ; 

though they, in my name, 

weary, sick, 

for water pray'd, 

for drink tormented, 

of good things void, 

with thirst oppress'd, 

ye harshly them denied. 

The sorrowful ye sought not, 

nor a kind word to them 

of comfort spake ye, 

that they thereby a gladder spirit 

might in mind receive : 

all that ye did in scorn to me^ 

heaven's King ; 

therefore ye shall hardly suffer 

torment for evermore, 

exile with devils endure/ 

Then there over all, 

a dreadful utterance, 

the Lord of Victories himself, 

of affliction full, 

over the fated folk 

shall send forth, 

shall say to the bands 

17. jef/iegede? 

S2« j:ulne agrees with cj^i^e two lines above. 



fapla pej^an* 

papa's nu apyjijbe* 

pillum bifcyjiebe. 

enjla bpeamef • 

on ece pp- 

y^t p»f pacane* 

"] hif jep)?uin mib" 

beople jejeappab. 

"3 yesjie beopcan pcole* 

hac T heopo ;pun* 

on f -^e bpeopan pceolan- 

ne majon hi ^on jehynan 

heopon-cynmjep bibob* 

paebum bipopene* 

fceolon pa}w peallan* 

on jpimne jpunb* 

)?a Sep pi]? ^obe punnon* 

biiS )>on picep peapb- 

jiepe ^ meahtij* 

yppe •] ejepFul. 

^peapb ne msej- 

on )?ifj*um polb-peje- 

peonb jebiban :• 

of sinful souIh : 

* Go, now accursed^ 

wilfully cut off 

from angels' joy, 

into eternal fire, 

(that was for Satan, 

and his associates also, 

for the devil, prepar'd, 

and that dark shoal), 
10 hot and intensely fierce, 

into which ye shall fall.' 

They may then not despise 

heaven's King's command, 

bereft of counsel : 

they shall fall rapidly 

into the grim abyss, 

who ere war'd with God. 

Then will M^ kingdom's Guardian 

stem and mighty, [be 

90 angry and terrible ; 

present may not 

on this earth's way 

foe him await* 



Spape'S pje-mece- 

mib }wpe fpiiSpan honb* 

f on pvet beope bael* [30 bJ] 

beopol jepealla^- 

in fpeaptne lej. 

He shall sweep the victor sword 

with the right hand, 

so that into the deep gulph 

devils shall fall 

into swart flame. 

25. MS. jpijian. 



fynpiljia hepe- 

unbep folban fceat* 

jiaeje jaejTar. 

on pjia];jia pic* 

pompuljia fcolu* 

pejije to foppypbe. 

on pice huf • 

bea^S-fele beojzolep. 

nalef bpyhcnep jemynb- 

p)?)?an jefecaS. 

pynne ne afpjunja'S* 

J^sep hi leahtpum jsi^ 

le^e ^^bimbne* 

rpylc J^popia'S* 

bi% him pyn-ppacu* 

^peapb unbypne* 

f If ece q^ealm* 

ne m»2 f hate b»l- 

op heoloiS-cyiine* 

in jin-nihte- 

pynne popb«pnan* 

to piban jzeope. 

pom Of |?»pe faple. 

ac ];»p fe beopa feaiS- 

bpeopje febe^* 

jpunbleaf peme^. 

j«fta on l^eoftpe- 

»le% hy mib yy ealban k^e 

"J mib yy ejfan fopfte. 

ppa)>um pypmum- 

^ mib pita f ela« 

fpecnum feoph-jomum* 

f oleum fcenbe'S* 

pddt pe majon eahtan* 

the band of sinful, 

under earth's region, 

fated spirits, 

into the camp of foes, 

the shoal of wicked, 

accursed to perdition, 

into the house of torment, 

the death-hall of the devil. 

Not the Lord's remembrance 
10 shall they seek afterwards, 

shall not emerge from sin, 

where they stain'd with crimes, 

bound in flame, 

shall suffer death ; 

shall be to them sin-vengeance 

present, manifest, 

that is eternal death. 

That hot gulph may not, 

from the race of men, 
90 in all eternity, 

bum up sin, 

throughout all time, 

stain from the soul, 

but there the deep pit 

feedeth the dreary, 

groundless holdeth 

the spirits in darkness, [flame, 

scorcheth them with its ancient 

and with the frost of terror, 
90 with fierce worms, 

and with torments many, 

with rugged fatal gums 

a£9icteth people; - 

so that we may judge, 

15. or eternal vengeance. 19. r. haeletf . 90. MS. nn-nehre. 





*3 on an cpe]?an* 

foiSe fecjan- 

}>a&c fe faple peajib- 

lipej* pif bom. 

poplojien h»bbe* 

]'e ye nu ne peme^S* 

hfBEipeji hif jaejt pe« 

eapm pe eabij* 

J?aBji he ece pceal* 

sejitep hm-jonje* 

hampaept; pepan* 

ne bipopja'S he- 

jynne to ppemman- 

ponhybij mon- 

ne he pihte hapa%- 

hpeope on mobe* 

Jwc him halij jaept. 

lop^e t^ijih leahtpap« 

on ]?ap laenan tib* 

%dn man-pceaiSa- 

pope meotube popht* 

beopc on )7am borne ptanbeiS 

^ bea'Se fah- 

pommum apyjijeb* 

hi"? pe paep-loja- 

pyjiep apylleb. 

peojiep unpyjiiSe* 

ejpan jej^peab- 

jpeapb jobe- 

pon ^ pkteleap* 

hapa^S pepjep bleo* 

pacen tacen peopep* 

«on ppena beapn. 

reapum ^eoca^S- [31 a.] 



and ever declare^ 

soothly say, 

that the soul's guardian 

life's wisdom 

hath lost, 

who now heedeth not, 

whether his spirit be 

miserable or happy, 

where he shall for ever, 

after death, 


He careth not 

sin to perpetrate, 

thoughtless man ! 

nor hath he aught 

of grief in mind, 

that his holy spirit 

perish through sins, 

in this fading time. 

When the sinful spoiler, 

fearful before his Creator, 

sad at the doom standeth, 

and with death foul,' 

by crimes accursed, 

shall the faithless be, 

with fire fiU'd, 

of life unworthy, 

with dread tormented, 

present to God ; 

dusk and void of beauty 

shall have th' accursed's hue, 

a false sign of life ; 

then the children of men 

tears shall shed* 

S3, r. ^ijia. 

S4. reapart 



]?onne Jwef fcib ne bi)?« 

fynne cpi];a%* 

ac hy CO p^S bo^5. 

jaejtum helpe* 

'Sonne }wf pman nele. 

peojiuba palbenb* 

hu )>a pom-fcea]>an* 

hJTia ealb-jepfcpeon. 

on ya. openan tib* 

pajie jpeten- 

ne bi}> l^aec f^PS^ ^^' 

leobum alypeb- 

]?8ec J^asp laecebom* 

pnban mote* 

pe J?e nu hip peope nyle- 

haelo ptjiynan. 

I^enben hep leopaiS. 

ne bi« )>8ep senium ;obum 

jnopn aetypeb* 

ne nsenpi ;^plum pel- 

ac faep sejhpaej^ep. 

anpealbe jepyphc. 

^peapb pise's* 

pop^n pceal onettan* 

pe \^ Sjan pile. 

lip aec meocube* 

]?enben hira leoht 3 5«pt. 

pomob paepc peon* 

he hip paple plite- 

jeopne bijonje. 

on jobep piUan* 

^ J^aep peop'Se. 

popba •] baeba. 

when for that time shall not be ; 
shall their sins bewail ; 

but they too late shall do 

help to their souls, 

when that will not heed 

the Lord of Hosts, 

how the wicked doers 

their works of old, 

at that public time, 
10 sorely shall bewail. [rows 

That shall not be a time for sor- 

to nations granted, 

that healing there 

may find, 

he who now will not his soul's 

salvation earn, 

while he here liveth. 

There shall not be to any good 

affliction shown, 
90 nor to any evil, joy 5 

but there each 

single deed 

present shall appear ; 

therefore must hasten, 

he who will hold 

life from his Creator, 

while to him light and soul 

are together fast : 

Let him his soul's beauty 
30 earnestly cultivate, 

after God's will, 

and there so become, 

in words and deeds. 

23. ffitypetJ? 

28. r. ftejze. 



]?eapa "3 2e}H)nca* 
)^enben him J?eof pojiulb 
jxeabum jxpijwabe. 
I'cman mote* 
f he ne j:o]ileofe* 
on ]>af laenan cib* 
hij' bpeamef blaeb* 
;] hif bajena pmi* 
*] hif peopcef phce- 
^ pulbpep lean- 
)78etce heoponep cynmj- 
on )?a haljan cib* 
j'O^paejt; jyleiS- 
to fijop-leanum- 
)^am )^e hun on jaeptum* 
jeopne hypa^- 
}>6n heopon ^ hel- 
h»le]^ beapnum« 
ppa peopum- 
pylbe peopJ?e"S. 
jpimbap ppelja^S. 
jobep "^pacan* 
lacenbe lej* 
la^penbe men« 
];pea'S )^eob-pcea)^an* 
3 no }H)nan laetalS- 
on ^^pean papan- 
to peo]\h>nepe* 
ac pe bpyne bmbe*?. 
bi'S paeptne hepe- 
peo% ppena beajw* 
ppecne me )mice%- 
f»t yay jaejT-bepenb. 
pman nella«. 

manners and thoughts, 

while this world to him 

in shadows paissing 

may shine, 

that he lose not 

in this fading time, 

his fruit of joy, 

and his days' number, 

and his work's beauty, 
10 and reward of glory, 

which heaven's King, 

at that holy tide, 

just, giveth, 

as glorious rewards 

to those who him in spirit 

fervently obey, 

when heaven and hell, 

with the sons of men, 

the souls of mortals, 
90 shaUbefiU'd, 

when tK abyss shall swallow 

the deniers of God, 

bickering flame 

hostile men 

shall chastise, arch-spoilers, 

and not thence let them 

go in joy 

to a refuge, 

but the fire shall bind, 
30 shall bite ^A^ fast multitude, [men. 

hostilely shall afflict the sons of 

Presumptuous to me it seems, 

that those bearing spirit 

will not heed. 

S. jrc|ii)eiit>iiiii ? ' F<JT man walketh in a vain shadow.* 


so. bit? 



men on mobe- 
}^n man hpset* 
him fe palbenb to- 
ppace jefette- 
la]>um leobum* 
)>on lij: 3 bea^S* 
]'aplum fpelja^. 
biiS jTifla hup- 
open ;) o^eapeb- 
a^-lojum onjean- 
'S»c fceolon pyllan* 
ppen-jeopne men* 
ppeaptum paplu* 
]>dn pynna ppacu- 
pcylbijpa pcolu- 
apcypeb peop|?e^5. 
heane ppom halpim* 
on heapm-q>ale> 
iSaep fceolan J>eopaf • 
*] )?eob-j'cea|?an. 
leape *] poplejene. 
lipep ne penan- 
^ mlin-fpopan. 
mopJ>op-lean peon, 
heapb ^ beopo ;pmi< 
)>dn hel mme$* 
paepleappa peopub. 
^ hi palbenb jiepe'5- 
peonbum m poppypb< 
pi )?popia1$« 
ealbop-bealu ejephc- 
eapm hrS pe J>e pile, 
ppenum ^epypcan* 
ysBt he )£h pcyle* 

(men in mind) 
when any evil 
on them the Lord 
[31 6.] in vengeance may impose, 
on the hostile people. 
When life and death 
souls shall gorge, 
shall the house of torments be 
open and shown 
10 towards the perjurers ; 
that shall fill 
sinful men 

with their swart souls : 
then, in punishment of sins, 
the shoal of guilty 
shall be separated, 
the base from the holy, 
in pernicious death : 
there shall thieves, 
ao and arch-spoilers, 

the false and fornicators, 
for life hope not ; 
and false swearers 
the reward of crime shall see, 
hard, and intensely grim : 
then hell shall take 
the host of faithless, 
and the Lord shall g^ve them 
in perdition to their foes ; 
30 hate they shall suffer, 
vital ill terrific : 
miserable shall be he who will 
work by crimes, 
so that he a foe shall 

14. pjiace? 

24. MS. moj^op. 



jrjiom hif fcyppenbe. 
afcyjieb peop'San- 
aet bom-ba&je* 
CO bealSe ni)^p. 
unbep helle cinn. 
in psdt hace ]:yp- 
unbep hjef locan- 
^BBji hy leomu psBca'S- 
CO bmbenne* 
^ Co baepnenne* 
T CO fpinjenne- 
jynna Co pice. 
"Sonne hah; jsefC- 
helle biluce'S* 
mopl^p-huj-a maefC* 
Jniph meahc ;obef • 
pypef pille* 
^ peonba hepe* 
cyninjef popbe. 
pe bi}' cpealma m»pc* 
beopla ^ monna* 
f ip bpeamleap hup- 
ISaep aeni; ne msej- 
o]>ep lopian- 
calban clomum* 
hy bpaecon cyninj^ep popb* 
beophc boca bibob* 
Fop]?on hy abiban pceolon 
in pm-mhce- 
j*ap enbe leap- 
ppen-baebum pa- 
pop's }?popian* 
"Sa ]fe hep hojbun- 
heopon-picep )?pym- 

from his Creator 

be cut off 

at doomsday, 

to death beneath, 

among hell's race, 

in the hot fire, 

under locks of flame : 

there they Metr limbs shall stretch, 

to be bound, 
10 and to be bum'd, 

and to be scourged, 

in punishment of sins. 

When the Holy Spirit 

hell shall lock, 

of death-houses greatest, 

through might of Ood, 

of fire full, 

and the host of fiends, 

at the King's word, 
00 that shall of plagues be greatest, 

of devils and of men. 

That is a joyless house, 

there not any may 

other loosen 

from the cold bonds : 

their King's word they brake, 

the Scriptures' bright behest, 

therefore they must abide, 

in eternal night, 
so endless pain, 

stain'd with crimes, 

thenceforth suffer, 

they who here despis'd 

heaven's kingdom's glory. 

S4. o^e/ine leofan? 

S9. MS« pnnehte. 

H 2 





]>on pdL jecopenan* 
fope cjiifc hejiscS^ 
beophce jzpaecpe* 
hypa blaeb leopfS* 
»c bom-baeje ajan* 
bpeam mib jobe* 
hpey lipef . 
J?a5f J>e alyfeb bij?- 
halijpa jehpam* 
on heofon-pice* 
"Saec If fe ej?el. 
J?e no jeenbab peop)?e?« 
ac J?sep rymle pop*?, 
pynna leape. 
bpeam peapbia'S* 
bpyhten lopaiS* 
leopne lipep peapb* 
leohte bipunbne- 
pibbum bippe^Sebe. 
popjum bipepebe- 
bpeamum jebypbe- 
bpyhciie jelypbe. 
apo to ealbpe* 
enjla jemanan* 
bpuca^ mib blippe. 
beopht mib lippe. 
fpeoja? polcep peapb- 
pa&bep ealpa* 
jepealb hapaiS T healbeS 
hahjpa peopub. 
^Saep If enjla ponj- 
eabi^a blip. 
|?aep ip peo bype* 
bpyhcnep onpen. 

When the chosen 

before Christ shall bear 

bright treasures^ 

their fruit shall live^ 

they shall at doomsday have 

joy with God 
[32 a.] of the soft life^ 

which shall be allowed 

to every of the holy, 
10 in heaven's kingdom : 

that is the land, 

which shall not be ended, 

but there ever forth 


they shall joy possess, 

the Lord shall praise, 

life's dear Guardian, 

with light encircled, 

in peace inwrapt, 
90 from cares protected, 

by joys endear'd, 

tP the Lord faithful ; 

for evermore 

angels' fellowship 

shall with bliss enjoy, 

bright with grace 3 [kind, 

shall love the Guardian of man- 
Father of all 5 

power shall have and hold 
so the host of holy. 

There is angels' song, 

bliss of the blessed, 

there is the dear 

face of the Lord, 

S3. MS. f»r. 



eallu ]>am ^^faelpun* 
funnan leohcjia* 
"Baeji If leojrpa lupi. 
Itj: butan enbe^bealSe* 
jlaeb pimena peojiub- 
jio^uiS butan ylbe* 
heopon-buju'Sa )?jiym. 
bdehx butan pipe- 
jiyht-]:]iemmenbum • 
paept butan jeprnne* 
b8^ butan |?eoft[iu* 
beojiht bbebef pill- 
bhf butan fojipim* 
fpiS jipeonbum bitpeon* 
poji« butan fefeftvan. 
jefaelju on fpejle- 
yih butan ni]^« 
haljum on jemonje* 
nif yeesji hunjoji ne Jmyift* 
fl»p ne YpSp. le^ep* 
ne pinnan bpyne* 
ne cyle ne ceapo- 
ac Jwp cyninjej* pepe. 
apo bpucalS* 
eabi^pa jebpyht* 
peopuba phte pcynapt- 
pulbpep mib bpyhcen :• 



to all the happy 

than the sun brighter; 

there of those dear is love, 

life without final death, 

a glad host of men, 

youth without age, 

glory of the heavenly train, 

health without pain, 

to the right doers ; 

rest without toil 

of the blessed ; 

day without darkness, 

bright, of enjoyment full, 

bliss without sorrows, 

peace between friends, 

ever without jealousies, 

to the blessed in heaven, 

amity without envy, 

among the holy : 

there is nor hunger nor thirst, 

sleep nor grievous ail, 

no sun's burning, 

no chill, no care, 

but there their King's grace 

ever enjoy 

the copapany of the bless'd, 

of hosts in aspect most beauteous, 

glory with their Lord. 

S4. MS. z^^p9 <^T which ii an erasure. 




8e htS je^eana faejjiajt:. [32 A.] 

I'onne hy »c j:jiym*8e jemeca'S. 

enjel ^ feo eabje fapl- 

oj:jiefe|? hio J>af eojij^an pynne. 

pojilaece'S )?af Isenan bpeamaf • 

"] hio pi)? Jmm lice jebsele'B- 

^n qn? pe enjel- 

hajra^ ylbpan hab* 

jpeteS jaejl; o|?epne- 

abeobeiS hi jobef aBjienbe* lo 

nu ]m moji: pepan* 

J>ibeji pu punbabept. 

lonje ^ jelome. 

ic J^ec laeban pceal* 

pejap pe pnbon pe|?e. 

^ pulbjiep leoht* 

tojiht ontyneb* 

eapt nu tib-papa« 

to J^am haljan ham* 

)?8ep nseppe hpeop cyme's* ao 

ebep-jonj pope ypmjm- 

ac I'aep bi)> enjla bpeam- 

pib T jepaelijnep. 

^ papla p»pt;. 

•5 Jwp S CO peope. 

jepeon motun* 

bpyman mib bpyhfeen- 

)?a )?e hip bomap hep- 

aepna^ on eopj'an* 

he him ece lean* 30 

healbeiS on heoponum* 

That shall of joys be greateist, 

when they at first shall meet, 

the angel and the happy sonl } 

when it resigns the joys of earth, 

forsakes these frail delights, 

and from the body it shall part. 

Then shall the angel speak, 

(shall have an elder form) 

one spirit greet the other, 

annoimce to it God's errand : 

' Now thou may'st go 

tvhither thon yeamedst 

long and often ; 

I shall lead thee ; 

the ways shall be pleasant to thee« 

and glory's light 

bright disclosed ; 

thou art now a traveller 

to that holy home^ 

where rue never cometh^ 

a refuge from afSictions ; 

but there is joy of angels^ 

peace and happiness, 

and souls' rest ; 

and there for evermore 

may be glad, 

be joyful with the hard, 

those who his judgments here 

fulfil on earth ; 

he for them reward eternal 

hoideth in heaven^ 

26. MS. morum. 




jwp re hyhfta ealpa* 

cyninja cyninj. 

ceafcpu pealbelS* 

•S«c pnb y^ jenmbpu* 

)^ nil tybjua^* 

ne yam pope ^mj^um- 

ye y^eji in-puma'S* 

lip arpTun;e«. 

ac him \nS lenje* 

hufel ;eo^)^ bpuca'S- 

3 jobef miltfa* 

t^beji fo^peit^jia. 

fapla motun* 

cuman septep q>ealme» 

ysL ye Bsji quftef £• 

l»jiai$ J Isejta.'S* 

^ hij' lof psepalS* 

opeppinna'S |?a apyjijban s^ptap 

bi^ytalS him pulbpep psfte- 

hpibep fceal ysdy monnef • so 

mob aptij^aD* 
lep oyye Kfteji* 
yon he hip 8enne hep. 
jaept bijonje. 
f pe ^obe mote, 
pomma claene* 
m 2^pealb cuman* 

where the highest 

King of aU kings 

o'er the cities swajreth. 

Those are the structures^ 

which shall not decay, 

nor, through sorrows, to them 

who dwell therein 

shall life fail^ 

but shall to them be lengthy 

youth they shall enjoy, 

and Ood's mercies. 

Thither of the just 

the souls may 

come after death ; 

they who ere Christ's law 

teach and fulfil^ 

and his praise exalt, 

shall overcome the cursed spirits^ 

get for themselves in glory rest^ 

thither shall of man 

the mind ascend^ 

sooner or later, 

when he here his own 

spirit cultivates^ 

that he may into Ood's 

(clean of crimes) 

dominion come.' 

5. ne for nu ? 

so. >ibe]i? 

S8. ajenne? 




QDonje finbon* 
jeonb mibban-jeajib* 
habaf unbeji heoponum 
ya, pe unhalijpa* 
jum ajiipi'S* 
pe jwf pyhc majUD* 
»t sejhpylcum- 
anpa jehypan* 
jip pe hah; bebobu* 
healban pillalS- 
maej nu jnottoji ^uma* 
fsele bjiucan* 
jobpa tiba- 
"] hif 3«fce fop's, 
pejef pillian* 
populb If 5nh]iepeb- 
cola]> cjajtey lufu- 
finban coftinja* 
jeonb mibbau-jeapb* 
mon^e apifene* 
fpa f ;eapu m- 
jobef fpel-boban- 
popbum fsejbon- 
^ |?uph pitebocn- 
eal Snembon* 
ppa hit nu jonjcS. 
ealba'S eop}>an blaeb* 
ie]^la jehpylqie. 
^ Of plite penba'S* 
psejmna jecynbu- 
biji feo phie tfib. 

[33 a.] Many there are, 

throughout mid-earth, 

conditions under heaven^ 

which arise from 

the number of unholy ; 

we therefore rightly may 

from every 

one hear, 

if we the holy commandments 
H) will hold : 

now may the wise man 

enjoy prosperity, 

good times, 

and for his spirit hereafter 

desire its way. 

7%tf world is agitated, 

cooleth love of Christ, 

temptations are, 

throughout mid*earth, 
90 many arisen, 

as that in days of yore 

God's messengers 

in words said, 

and through prophesy 

all declared, 

as it now goeth. 

Earth's produce age impairs 

of every nature, 

and from their beauty turns 
30 the kinds of fruits ; 

the later time is 

5. jiime? 



fseba jehpylcef • 

msetpse in ma^ne* 

):oji]H)n fe mon ne ]7eapj:< 

CO )?ijTe populbe* 


f he uf pse^jian- 

jepean bjunje- 

opeji }?a m)>af • 

]?e pe nu bjieoja'8- 

aep)7on enbien- 

ealle ^ejxeapte* 

■JSe he jej-etce. 

on pex bapim- 

iJa nu unbep heoponum- 

habaf cennaS* 

micle "J maete* 

If }%f mibban-jeapb. 

balum jebaBleb* 

bjiyhcen fceapaiS* 

bpseji ]>a eajibien* 

^ hif is healben- 

jephlS he ]>a bomap • 

boj^a jehpylce. 

poman ^ penban* 

op populb-pyhce- 

iSa he jepette. 

]mph hip pylpep pSpb. 
he pela pinbe'S- 
pea beo'8 jecopene- 
fume him )^»p habep- 
hlipan pillaiS- 
p^an on pojibum* 
^ jia peojic ne bo%* 
brS him eojitS-pela* 
opep f ece Itp. 
hyhta hyhpt- 

of every seed 

in strength more limited ; 

therefore man should not 

to this world's 

chance his thoughts direct^ 

that he to us fair 

joy may brings 

above th' iniquities^ 

which we now suffer, 

10 ere an end shall have 
all the creatures, 
which He here placed 
in six days, 

which now under heaven 
conditions generate, 
great and mean. 
This mid*earth is 
into parts divided ; 
the Lord beholdeth 

90 where those inhabit, 
who his law hold ; 
he seeth the decrees 
on each day 
wane and turn 
from worldly right, 
which he establishM 
through his own word : 
He shall many find, 
few shall be chosen. 

30 Some their condition's 
fame desire 
to bear in words, 
and these works do not, 
to them is earthly wealth, 
above th' eternal life, 
highest of hopes. 

5. pypp, Mi, jactiu. 



fe jekpylcum jxeal* 
fpembe jepeopj^an* 
]:o]i]H)n by nu h^pa'S* 
hali^jia m^* 
ISa pe him to heoponu* 
hyje rfca]^lia'8. 
piton f pe eleS* 
ece bibeS* 
ealpa ]>»pe menju- 
l^e jeoub mibban-jeapib* 
bjiyhtne |>eopia'S« 
^ ]wf beopan ham- 
pihiia'S bi jepyjihtum* 
j'pa J^ap populb-jepcpeon- 
on )7a msejian job* 
bimut^ab peop)7a$« 
^5oD )?«c xejyjma'B* 
}>a J>e him jobep ejpa- 
hleona}? opep heapbum* 
hy jiy hyhptan beolS* 
]?pymme jej^peabe* 
Jnppep bpep. 
]niph bibobu bpuca'S* 
] yssY betpan popV- 
pypcaU T pena]>* 
pulbpep hyc;;aiS» 
pella'8 selmejjim* 
eapme ppeppaiS* 
beolS piim-mobe* 
pyhcpa jeptpeona* 
lupia*! mib lacmn- 
)>a J^e l»p apin • 
bsejhpam bpj'htne (^eopia)? 
he hypa bs&be pceapaS- 

1. hi ^ehpylcum jceolon? 
17. bemitfen? MS. bimuvatf . 

[33 b*"] they shall to every 
inhabitant of earth 
become strange^ 
because they now afflict 
the minds of the holy, 
those who on heaven 


fix their thought : 

they know that man 

eternal bideth 
10 of all the multitude^ 

that through mid-earth 

serve the Lord, 

and that dear home 

desire for their works : 

(so this world's treasures^ 

in the greater good 

shall be hidden,) 

when that desire 

they over whose heads 
90 fear of Ood impendeth ; 

these are with the highest 

grandeur a£Bioted ; 

this life 

they by command enjoy, 

and for the better ever 

wish and hope, 

strive after glo^y, 

give alms, 

comfort the poor, 
30 are liberal 

of just gains, 

love with gifts 

those who less possess, 

daily serve the Lord; 

He will their deeds behold. 

8. eletf for haeletf, for the sake of the alliteration. 
87. MS. hycjatV. S9. r. j:]\ej:jiiaK. 



jnime ];a puma's* 

OD pejrennum* 

feca^ T jeptta^- 

fyljipa piUum* 

hamaj' on heo1jt:jmiui* 

by %aef heo}:ancunban« 

bolbef biba^« 

opt him bpojan to- 

laSne jels^e'S* 

pe )>e hmi lipep oje-onii* lo 

eape'S hmi ^pan hpilu* 

ibel pulbop* 

bp»jb-pip bona- 

hapa% be^a qiaeptr 

eahtelS Sn-buenbjta* 

popie hmi enjlap p&onba'S* 

jeappe mib 5«pca pa&pnum- 

beoj? hyjia ^eoca jemynbje. 

healba'8 hab^a peojihi 

piton hyjia hyht mib bp^hten- 

f pmb )7a ^ecoptan cempan* di 

}?a 'pam cynmje )^eopa*S* 

pe nasppe pa, lean alejeiS* 

y& pe hip lupan abjieo^eiS :• 

Some who dwell 

in the wastes^ 

who seek and occupy^ 

with their own wills, 

homes in caverns, 

these the heavenly 

dwelling-place await: 

oft to them dread 

hateful bringeth 

he who them life gradg^eth, 

sometimes showeth them terror, 

sometimes vain glory, 

the crafty murderer 

hath power of both^ 

he persecuteth the lom^^wellers : 

before them angels stand 

ready with spirits' weapons, 

they are of their safety mindful, 

they preserve the life of the holy, 

^Aeyknowtheir hope with MeLord. 

These are the proved champions, 

who serve the King, 

who never wrongs of their rewards 

those who bear his love. 


CIDapm pe nu nemnan 
f up neah jepeapiS- 
>uph hahjne. 
hab jecyj>eb. 

[34 a.] 

6. MS. heoj:oncuiibuin. 
18. ^eoce? SS. r. >eopiatf. 


We now may name 
what was nigh to us 
through holy 
state made known, 

lO. oj:-an? 

88. aleoje^? 

11. MS. e/an. 
24. r. a^peo^atf. 



bu -prSlnc hif • 
m jobef pillan* 
mob jejiehte* 
man eall fopfeah- 
eoji^hc BBpelvL* 
dpp jemunbe- 
ham m heoponum* 
hmi psef hyht to )^a« 
pl'l^an hme mlyhce^ 
yepe hj:ef pej* 
jffiftum jeappa'B. 
^ him pepe fealbe. 
f he ana onjan* 
beopj-re^el bu5an- 
^ hif bl«b jobe- 
}?ujih ea'Smebu- 
eahie jefealbe* 
"Sone jie he dn ^eoju'Se 
bijan j'ceolbe. 
populbe pynnum* 
hme peapb biheolb* 
hah; op heoponum* 
pe pdBt hhitzjie m5b* 

m J>»r 3«J^er 5^* 
jeopne cjiymebe- 
bp»c pe hyjibon opt* 
f pe halja pep. 
m fa ©pepcan. 
«lbu jelupabe. 
ppecneppa pela- 
pyppt p»r rpa-}?eana- 
in jobep bome- 
hponne ju^lace* 
on hip onbjietan* 




how Guthlac his^ 

after God's will^ 

mind directed^ 

all sin despis'd^ 

earthly grandeur^ 

contemplated on high 

a home in heaven ; 

for him was hope to that, 

when him had enlighten'd 

he who life's way 

to souls prepareth^ 

and to him grace had given 

angelical ; 

so that he alone resolv'd 

a mountain dwelling to inhabit^ 

and his life to Grod, 

in lowliness, 

all gave, 

which he in youth 

it is said had passM 

in pleasures of the world. 

Him a guardian held, 

holy firom heaven, 

who that pure mind, 

in the spirit's good, 

earnestly confirmed. 

Yes ! we oft have heard, 

that the holy man, 

in his first 

age, loved 

many vicious courses ; 

a time was nathless, 

in Ood's dispensation, 

when to Guthlac, 

into his understanding. 

92. MS. petLfifS. 




enjel fealbe- 
f him fpe'Spaben- 
fynna luftaf • 
Tib p«r copeajib. 
hine tpejen ymb- 
peapbaf pacebon- 
]>a jepin bjiujon* 
enjel bjiyhtnef • 
^ fe Stela j«jr. 
Nahep b;^ him jekce* 
lape beepon- 
m hif mobep jemynb* 
monpim cibum« 
Ojwp him )?af eop)>an- 
ealle psejbe* 
l»ne unbep lypce. 
^ )7a Ionian ;ob- 
hepebe on heo}x>nmn* 
>aep halijpa. 
fapla jepcta"?. 
in pjop-pulbpe- 
bpyhmef bpeamap • 
he him bseba lean- 
jeopne pelbcB- 
jiam l>e hif pepe pilla'S- 
l^icjan CO ]H)nce» 
^ him )?ap populb* 
utt:op laetan* 
Jwn Jwt ece Itp- 
Opeji hme pcyhce. 
J^aet he pcea'Sena jemoc* 
nihcep fohte« 
3 }?uph nej^mje- 
punne aeptep populbe- 
ppa bo9 ppaec-maec^ap* 

99. bpeame]*? 

an angel gave^ 

what in him still'd 

lust for sins. 

The time was at hand — 

about him two 

guardians watch'd, 

who strife mamtain'd, 

an angel of the Lord 

and the fell spirit. 
10 Not they to him like 

lore couvey'd, 

into his mind's memory, 

at many times : 

The one to him this earth 

all declar'd 

fading beneath the sky, 

and the lasting good 

prais*d in heaven, 

where of the holy 
90 the souls sit 

in triumphant glory 

of the Lord's joy. 

He to them their deeds' reward 

readily payeth, 

to them who will his grace 

with thanks accept, 

and fur him this world 

leave more utterly, 

than the eternal life. 
30 7%e other him persuaded, 

that he a robbers' meeting 

by night should seek, 

and through vUlains 

strive after the world : 

so do wretches, 

33. r. ni>in;e, MS. ne ^iii^e. 



[34 A.] 

]>a 'pe ne bimupna%* 
iDonnef peope* 
psdf 'pe him t:o honba« 
hujw 2^Isebe8* 
butan hy )?y pea|:e« 
paeban motan- 
Spa by bine tTiymebon 
on tpa bealpa* 
oypKt )?«r jepinnef . 
peopoba bpybten- 
on ]?«f enjlef bom* 
enbe ^epeabte* 
peonb p»f jeplymeb. 

p)^)^am FP^FP® 5®r^' 

m piiSlacej* • 

jeoce jepunabe* 

lupabe bine ^ laepbe* 

lenje bu ^eopnop- 

f bun leopeban* 

lonbef pynne- 

bolb on beopbje* 

opt )?8ep bpoja cpom* 

ejephc T uncu«. 

ealb-peonba ni'S- 

peapo-cpaepnim ppi)?. 

by bim jylp bypa onjyn ypbon 

^ ji8ep aep pela pecla jefseton* 

]>onan piS tujon* 

pibe paiSe* 

pulbpe bypc^ebe. 


p«f feo lonbep pfcop- 

bimij^en pope monnum 

op^z meotub onppab< 

beop; on beappe- 

]>a ]*e bytla cpom* 




tbose wbo care not for 

the man's soul^ 

wbo to tbeir bands 

leadetb the spoil^ 

but that tbey of the plunder 

may dispose. 

Thus they bim exhorted, 

on two sides, 

till of the strife, 

the Lord of Hosts, 

after the angel's judgment, 

an end directed. 

The fiend was put to flight, 

after which the spirit of comfort 

in Guthlac's 

aid continued, 

loy'd him and advis'd 

{the longer the more welcome) 

that they should him allow 

the land's delight, 

a dweUmg in the mountam. 

Oft there terror came 

dreadful and wonderons, 

the malice of the old fiends, 

strong in guileful arts, [sfaow'd. 

They to himself their aspect 

and there before had many seats 

thence had journey 'd[e8taUii8b'd ; 

a wide wandering, 

cut off from glory, 

'fluttering- in air* 

That spot of land was 

hidden from men, 

till that Ood disclos'd 

the mountain in the grove, 

when the builder came. 



fe ]?»ji balipie- 
ham a[i»pbe« 
nalef ^y he pembe* 
}?uph jicpinja. 
benef hp-pelan* 
ac 'pKt lonb jobe* 
jrasjpe jeppeo|?obe« 
p)»^an peonb opeppon* 
quftef cempa* 
he jecoftab peapiS* 
in jemynbijjia* 
monna tibum- 
"Sajia pe nu jena- 
}>uph jaBfthcu- 
punbop peop'Sia'S- 
"] hip pipbomef- 
hhfan healba^* 
f pe haija ]ieop» 
elne je-eobe- 
)^ he ana jeps^t:* 
bj^Ie ptope. 
^5aep he bpyhfcnep lop- 
peahte ^ psepbe* 
opt ]>uph peopbe abeab 
J'am )^ jipopepa* 
l^eapap lupebon* 
jobep aepenbo* 
}>a him 3»pt onj^iah* 
hpep pnjtcpu- 
]?aet; he hip hc-homan* 
pynna poppypnbe* 
3 populb-bhpi-a- 
peptpa pecla- 
•J pymbel-ba^a* 




who Ibere a holy 

home rear'd up^ 

not because he oar*d, 

through covetousnesB, 

for the frail goods of life, 

but that land to God 

would fairly set apart, 

when had overcome the fiends 

Christ's champion. 

He was tempted 

in the times 

of men remembering, 

of those who yet 

hint for his spiritual 

miracles honour, 

and his wisdom's 

fame preserve, 

which the holy minister 

"zealously cultivated, 

when alone he sate 

in the secret place^ 

where he the Lord's praise 

recited and exalted. 

Oft he through speech announced, 

to those who martyrs' 

habits lov'd, 

Oods errands, 

when to him the spirit reveal'd 

life's wisdom ; 

so that he to bis body 

pleasures denied, 

and worldly joys, 

soft seats, 

and festive days. 

10. MS. %eeofctLfS, 

IS. hine seems wanting after ]>e. 





fpylce eac ibeljia- 
eajena pynna* 
pepelan pelplicef • 
him p«f 5obef ejpt* 
niapa in jemynbum* 
]7on he mennifcum- 
];pyme 8epte]i-]>once< 
pe^nn polbe* 

so also the yain 
pleasures of the eyes, 
[35 a.] of pompous garb. 

To him was fear of Ood 
great in mind, 
when he of human 
grandeur jealously 
would partake. 

Dob paep piiSlac* 
he m 5«jt;e b«ji- 
heoponcunbne hyhc- 
haelu jejiaehte* 
ecan hjzef • 
him p»f enjel neah* 
f«le jqieoiSu-peajib* 
\mm ^e peajia pim- 
meajic-lonb jef»c. 
}?»ji he monpim peapIS* 
bypen on bpytene* 
p]>)>an biopj jeftah- 
eabi; opetta* 

jypebe hme jeopne mib 
jaefthcum psepnum- 

ponj bletfabe. 

* * * 

him to aet-ftaelle- 
aepefC ap»pbe* 


[35 a.] Good was Guthlac, 
10 he ill spirit bare 

heavenly hope, 

was mindfid of the blessing 

of eternal life. 

Him was the angel nigh, 

(a faithful loving guardian), 

him, who one of few 

the march-land occupied. 

There he to many was 

an example in Britain, 
90 after that the hill ascended 

the blessed champion ; 

and, bold in war, 

had himself girded zealously with 

ghostly weapons ; 

blessed the plain 

* * * 

for his refection place, 
first rear'd up 

7. se^^once? 19. MS. bpyjtene. S5. Here some lines are wanting. 



qiijt^f pobe* 

J>»ji fe cempa opeppon- 

fpecnejja j:ela« 

pfiome pujibum monje- 

jobef ]>]iopepa* 

pe J?ae]' juiSIace- 

beojipyp'Sne b»l. 

bjiyhtne cennaS* 

he him pje pealbe* 

^ r"y^^^ cjiaepc. 10 

munbbyjib meahta* 

}?dn menju q>om- 

peouba paep-pcycum* 

pseh^ p«]ian« 

ne meahton hy sepepte* 


ac to pi'Slacep- 

japte jelaebbun* 

ppajninjA pela- 

him pieppultum neah- ao 

enjel hine elne tpymebe- 

|H)n hy him yppe hpeopan* 
ppecne pypep pylrae. 

ptoban hmi on pelSe- 

# * « » 

hpeappum qwbou* 

)78et he on }?am beopje* 

bypnan pceolbe* 

^ hip hc-homan« 

bj popppeljan- so 

]>aet hip eappe)7u. 

eal ^elmnpe- 

Christ's rood. 

There the champion overcame 

divers perils, 

by his bold words many, 

God's martyr ; 

we therefore Outhlac's 

precious lot 

to the Lord ascribe ; 

He him victory gave, 

and wisdom's craft, 

protection of his powers. 

Then a many came 

of foes with wiles, 

to raise up strife : 

they could not envy 


but to Guthlac's 

spirit led 

temptations many. 

To him support was nigh, 

the angel him with courage 

strengthen 'd, 
when they to him angrily cried ; 
audaciously with fire's heat 

stood in his path ; 

* * * » 

said in turns, 

that he on that mountain 

should be burnt, 

and his body 

flame devour ; 

that his trouble 

all would fall. 

4. fjiom-pojibum? 5. >pope|ie? 

94. The line aJHterating with hpeappum cpflebon is wanting, though the seme 
seems unimpaired. 



mob-ceajiu msejum* 
^ij: he monna bpeam* 
Of J^am opleje- 
ept ne polbe* 
fyljia jefecan. 
;j hif pbbe pyht. 
mib mon-cynne* 
mapan cjixyte pillum* 
bepitijan laetan* 
pjisece ptille. 
Spa him yjipabe. 
pe pop ealle rpp«c. 
peonba menju* 
no ^y pophtpa paep. 
juiSlacep jaept. 
ac him job pealbe- 
ellen pi]? J;am ejpan. 
J^sec )7»p ealb-peonbep. 
pcylbijpa pcolu. 
pcome J^popebon- 
psepon ceon-pmi^ap. 
topnej' pulle* 
q^aebon f him julSlac- 
eac jobe pylpum- 
eappej^a maepfc. 
ana jeppemebe* 
p)?J>an he pop plence. 
on peptenne- 
beopjap bpaece. 
I^aep hy bibin^^e- 
eapme ;jpacan. 
aepop mo]*tun* 
aeptep fcmtepjum* 
tibum bpucan* 




his sorrow, on his kindred, 

if he the joy of men, 

from that warfare^ 

again would not 

himself seek^ 

and his right of kin, 

with mankind, 

willingly, with greater skilly 

let be administered ; 

ceasing At^ exile. 

So him proYok'd 

he who spake for all 

the multitude of foes. 

Not the more fearful was 

the soul of Guthlae^ 

for to him Uod had given 

courage against that terror, 

so that the old enemy's 

shoal of guilty 

suffered shame. 

The evil-doers were 

of anger full, 

said that to them Guthlac, 

and eke to God himself^ 

the greatest troubles 

had alone occasioned, 

since that he for pride, 

in the waste, 

the mountain occupied, 

where a biding they, 

miserable apostates, 

might formerly, 

after torments, 

at times enjoy ; 

99. beoji^ej* bjieace ? 

32. MS. mojrrum. 




J>6n hy oj: paj^um* 

pepje cpoman* 

peftan pyne-J^jiajum. 

jiope jefejon. 

paep him j'eo jelyjieb. 

pujih lytel paec. 

jTob peo byjle ftop. 

bjiyhcne in jemynbum. 

ibel ^ semeu* 

ej^el-piehce j:eop. 

bab bij'aece* 

betjian hypbep . 

CO }H}n ealb-peoobaj'* 

onban noman* 

jT^a hi pnjalef • 

fopje bpei^a'S* 

ne motun hi on eopj^an* 

eapbef bpucan* 

ne hy lypfc fpepe'S in- 

leoma-jiaeftum • 

ac hy hieo-leafe* 

hama po\iK&» 

in ceapum cpi]?a'S. 

q>ealmef pifcaS* 

piUen ptBt him bpyhten* 

J'uph bealSef cpealm* 

CO hypa eapfeiSa- 

enbe jepyme- 

ne moftun hy ];u'SIacef • 

jaBfte fce)7]?an- 

ne Jmph fap-fleje. 

faplejebselan* ^ 

pi% lic-homan* 

ac hy Iije-feappum- 

ahopun heapm-ftapaf • 

90. leomii-? 

whe;i they from wanderings 

weary came^ 

rested a space of time^ 

in repose rejoiced, 

to them it was allowed, 

for a little space. 

The secret spot stood 

(in the Lord's memory) 

void and desolate, 
10 far from patrial rights, 

abode the visit 

of a better keeper, 

at which the ancient foes 

took umbrage, 

so they perpetual 

sorrow suffer : 

they might not on the earth 

enjoy a dwelling 

nor doth air lull them in 
20 its embraces ; 
but they shelterless 
lose their homes, 
in sorrows mourn, 
wish for death, 
desire that the Lord, 
through pang of death, 
to their troubles 
would grant an end* 
They might not Guthlac's 
ao spirit injure, 

nor through painful stroke 

his soul separate 

from the body, 

but they with lying arts 

rais'd up mischief, 

35. piUafS? 
I 2 



hleahtoji ale^bon* 

fopje feofebon- 

J^a hi fpi'Spa oj^jiftaj' 

peajib on ponje- 

jxeolbon ppsc-maec^aj'* 

opjiejian jnopnenbe. 

jpene beopjaf . 

hp8e)>pe hy )m-];ena* [36 «•] 

jobef ;]facan* 

j-a^bon fap-ftapum. lo 

ppi}?e jeheton. 

f he bea]7a ^ebal* 

bpeojan j'ceolbe- 

jip he lenj bibe. 

la]7pan jemocef . 

hponne hy mib inenju- 

mapan cpome* 

|?a J^e pop hif lipe. 

lyt fopjebon. 

julSlac him onjeaii-J^injobe. 20 

cp8e% )wt hy jielpan iie )H)pptan 

baebum ft& bpyhtmej* meahtum* 

}^eah ^e je me beaiS jehacen- 

laughter laid aside, 
with sorrow sigh'd, [stronger 
when them had overcome a 
guardian in the plain. 
The exiles must 
grieving give up 
the green hills ; 
yet they still 
(deniers of God) 
said with pain, 
vehemently threaten 'd, 
that he death 
should undergo, 
if he longer should await 
a more hostile meeting, 
when they with a many 
great should come, 
who for his life 
car'd little. 

Guthlac them answered, 
said that they needed not to vaunt 
of deeds against the powers of the 
Lord ; [threatened, 

' though that ye death to me have 

mec pile pi's }^am m]7um jenepjan^me will against that malice save 

pe 'pe eoppum nybum pealbelS 

an ip aelmihti; job. 

fe mec maej eaBe jepcylban* 

he min peopj ppeoj^aS- 

ic eop pela pdle* 

foj^a jej-ecjan- 

maej ic yiy fed on eop« 

butan eappe'Sum* 

ana jebpmjan. 

ne eam ic ppa pealoj- 

He who perforce over you swayeth. 

ITiei^e is one almighty God, 

who can easily shield me, 

he will protect my life. 

I to you will many 

truths say, 

may I this seat^mong you, 

without troubles, 

press alone. 

I fim not so destitute 

SS. ^ejtpinsan? 




fpa ic eop pojie-ftonbe- 

monna peopubef • 

ac me majia bseh 

in ^obcunbum* 


puna% ^ peaxe'S* 

fe me pjia]?e healbe'S* 

ic me anum heji- 

ea'Se jetimbpe* 

hup ^ hleona'S me* 

on heoponimi pnb« 

lape ^elonje* 

mec |wBp lyfc tpeoJ>- 

J^aet me enjel tS* 

ealle jelaebeiJ. 

ppopenbe ppeb. 

)*ppeca *] baeba- 

^epita'S nu apypjbe. 


frpom JnriTim eapbe* 

J>e je heji on-ptonba'S. 

jieorS on peoji pej. 

ic me pjuS pille. 

»c jobe jejjyjman. 

ne pceal mm jaejt: mib eop< 

^ebpolan bpeojan. 

ac mec bpyhtnej* honb* 

munbalS mib msepie* 

hep pceal mm pepan. 

eop'Shc epeh 

nalep eopep lenj :• 




(so as I stand before you) 

of a host of men^ 

but a large power in me, 

in divine 

spiritual mysteries, 

dwelleth and waxeth, 

which me eis with a stay sustaineth. 

I for me here alone 

easily will build 

for me a house and resting place. 

In heaven's gift 

is instruction, 

I therefore little doubt, 

that to me the angel 

wUl bring all 

prosperous success, 

in words and deeds. 

Depart now ye accursed, 

in mind depraved, 

from this dwelling, 

in which here ye stand, 

flee far away ; 

I for myself will peace 

desire at God, 

my soul shall not with you 

error endure, 

for the Lord's hand me 

with might protecteth ; 

here shall be my 

earthly country, 

no longer your's.' 

S. Lit. part, portion. 



Da peaji'S bjieahtm heejien* 

beojij ymb j'toban. 

hpeappum pjiaec-maecjaf. 

p&S up-apcaj. 

ceajifuljia cijim- 

cleopebon mom^e- [36 A.] 

peonba pope-j'pjiecan- 

pjienum pilpon* 

opt: pe opepr^jon. 

be ps&ni cpeonum* lo 

)>eoba J^eapap. 

J^paece mobi^a* 

]>apa l^e m ^elimpe* 

lipe peolbon- 

no ^e opejihyjbu- 

anep monnep- 

jeonb inibban-^eapb* 

mapan punbon* 

•Bu )?8BC jehatept. 

}^aet "Su ham on hup* 20 

jejan pille. 

eapt iSe jobep ypminj. 

bi hpon pcealc ]7u hpjan • 

)7eah |7u lonb aje- 

ne )?ec mon hibep. 

mope pebeB* 

beo"? |?e hunjop ;j j^uppc. 

heapbe jepmnan. 

jip J>u jepitepfc. 

ppa pilbe beoji. 30 

Then a noise was rais'd ; 

around the hill stood 

by turns the exiles^ 

a sound ascended, 

a cry of the anxious ; 

exclaim'd many 

leaders of the foes, 

in their crimes exulted, — 

' Oft have we observ'd, 

between the seas, 

the manners of nations, 

the boldness of the proud, 

of those who in mischance 

life possess^ : 

not the arrogance 

of any man, 

throughout mid-earth, 

have we found greater. 

Thou that dost threaten, 

that thou a home with us 

wilt occupy ; 

thou art God's poor one, 

by what art thou to live, 

though thou the land possess ? 

not thee here any one 

with nourishment will feed : 

to thee will hunger be and thirst 

hard adversaries. 

If thou withdrawest, 

like the wild beasts. 

15. peforVe? 16. seingejr? 

92. tfu? on thou art poor in good. 

20. uj?— K. 



ana fpoin e^ele 

nif J^aefc onjinn pihfc- 

jefpic l^iffef fedef . 

ne maej J^c fellan paeb. 

mon ^elaepan- 

}^dn }^eof menpi eall* 

pe J^ beo* holbe* 

jip J^u uf hyjian pile. 

oJ^J^e J^c un^eapo* 

ept jefecatl. lo 

majian mse^^ne* 

l^t JTe mon ne }^eapp* 

honbum hpman* 

ne }^in hpa peallan* 

p»pna punbum* 

pe y^Y pic majun. 

fotum apyllan- 

folc mlSpiceS* 

meapa }^peatum* 

*] mon-papum* 30 

beo^S )^a ^ebol^ne* 

}^a I'ec bpeobpia%> 

cpebaiS J^ec ^ tep^^a'S* 

"] hypa tx)pn ppecalS* 

eobepa'S |;ec blobpim lajtaim* 

pp Jm upe biban |?encept. 

pe l^ec nifa jeneejaiJ. 

onjin ye jenepep pilnian* 

pap piBji "Su p]ieonba pene- 

pp "Su |?mep peopep pecce. ao 

Deapo p»p pi'Slac* 

hine 20b ppemebe* 

on onbppape* 

^ on elne ptponj. 

alone from home, 

that resolve is naught. 

Retire from this seat, 

thee better counsel cannot 

any one advise, 

than all this multitude. 

We wUl be kind to thee, 

if thou us wilt hear, 

or thee unprepared 

again will seek, 

with greater force, 

so that thee none shall need 

with hands to touch, 

nor thy carcase fell 

with weapons' wounds. 

We this dwelling can 

with our feet fell, 

the folk will tread it down, 

with troops of horses, 

and passing o'er of men : 

then will they be exasperated 

who drive thee hence, 

will tread and tear thee, 

and their anger wreak, 

remove thee with bloody traces ; 

if thou to await us thinkest, 

we will with hate assail thee. 

Resolve to desire thy safety, 

go where thou hop'st for friends, 

if for thy life thou reck.' 

Prepar'd was Guthlac, 

him God fram'd 

in answer ! 


and in courage strong ; 

2S. zeptXl 

27. ni)?e? 

32. trjiymebef — K. 



I . 

ne ponb he pop pojibe. 

ac hi)' pi]7ep-bpeocum« 

ropje jeraBjbe. 

cu'Se him foiS jenoj- 

pib If J>er pejten. 

pji«c-j'etla j:ela« 

eapbaf onhsele- 

ea]imjia ^sejra* 

finbon pa&p-lojan* 

J>e J^a pic buja-B. [37 «•] 

)>eah ;e }^a ealle* 


^ eop eac jepyjice- 

pibop faece« 

je hep afceolJ. 

in 'jpB, copn-ppaece. 

pjeleapie p15. 

no ic eop ppeopb onjean- 

mib jebolpie honb* 

olSbepan )^ence« 

populbe paepen* 

ne pceal J^p ponj jobe- 

)^uph blob-jyce. 

jebuen peoplSan- 

ac ic mmum cpi]Te* 

cpeman )^ence- 

leoppan lace* 

nu ic yiy 1^^^ 5®I'^3' 
pela ;e me eapba- 

)7uph ibel popb- 

aboben habba^* 

mp mm bpeopt-pepa. 

popht ue paeje- 

ac me ppi^e healbe^* 

he for words fear'd not, 

but to his adversaries 

sorrowfully said ; 
. {he could to them truly enough) : 

' Wide is this waste^ 

its exile- seats are many, 

imhealthy dwellings 

of miserable sprites ; 

they are faithless ones 
10 who these cots inhabit ; 

though ye them all 

should banish^ 

and for yourselves also work 


ye here will derive, 

in that vengeance, 

an inglorious journey. 

Not I a sword against you, 

with wrathful hand, 
90 purpose to bear, 

or worldly weapon^ 

nor shall this field to God, 

through bloodshed, 

be cultivated ; 

but I my Saviour 

purpose to please 

with a dearer gift. 

Now I this land have enter'd, 

ye me many dwellings, 
30 through idle words, 

have offerM : 

my mind is not 

afraid nor feeble, 

for me in peace holdeth. 

1 pont>obe! 

5. MS. fih. 

14. piKeji-jace ? 




ojieji monna cyn* 

ye pe msejna jehpef • 

peopcum pealbeiS- 

nif me piht »& eop* 

leopcf jelonj. 

ne ^e me Ia}^er P^^* 

^ebon motun- 

ic eom b]\yhtnef )?eop* 

he mec ]7uph enjel* 

ojit aj^iejijie*. 

fop'Son mec lonje J^a&p • 

lye jejpeca'B. 

popje pealbun* 

nu mec papelcunb* 

hyjibe bihealbeiS* 

If mm hyht mib job* 

ne 10 me eop'S-pelan* 

opht pmie- 

ne me mib mobe* 

miclef jypne. 

ac me bo^a jehpam- 

bpyhten penbe"?. 

l^uph monnep honb- 

mine J^eappe- 

ppa mobjabe* 

pe pi« monjmn pfcob. 

appelSeb peop'Slice* 

pulbpep cempa* 

enjla maejne. 

jepat eal )>onan* 

peonba menju* 

ne paep pe pyppt micel* 

]?e hi pilSlace- 

poppepan ]?oh&an- 

among mankind, 

He who o'er every power 

holds efficient sway : 

along of you to me 

is nothing dear, 

nor ye me hostile aught 

can do : 

I am the Lord's servant, 

he me through his angel 
10 oft comforteth, 

therefore me long since 

ye little welcome, 

but sorrow have inflicted. 

Now me a spiritual 
• shepherd guardeth ; 

my hope is with God ; 

not for earth's wealth 

care I aught, 

nor for me earnestly 
90 much desire, 

for to me each day 

the Lord sendeth, 

through hand of man, 

my need.' 

Thus he exulted 

who against many stood, 

supported worthily 

{the glorious champion) 

by angels' might. 
90 Thence departed all 

the multitude of foes ; 

nor was the respite great, 

that they to Guthlac 

purpos'd to give. 

11. MS. >aj-. 

18. Lit greet. 




[87 *.] 

|>e p»f on elne. 

'J on ea'Smebum* 

bab on beojije* 

p«f hrni boclef neob- 

):ojilefc lonse }?af • 

laenpa bjieama* 

no he hine yrS monna 

miltfe jebaelbe. 

ac jefynca b«b- 

fapla jehpylcjie* 

)7on he tx) eoi^San* 

on )>am anabe* 

hleoji onhylbe* 

hun Of heoponnm pea^fi'S 

onbjiypbeb bpeopfc-repa- 

bh'Se jaepce. 

opt eahtabe* 

p»p him enjel neah* 

hu J^ipT^ pojiulbe* 

pynna 'pojipce* 

mib hip hc-homan* 

laepapt bjiucan. 

no him pojie e^pan* 

eajimjia 3»p&a* 

fcjieop jefcpeobe. 

ne he tib pojipKC* 

J^aep be he pop hip bpyhfcne^ 

bpeojan pceolbe* 

'pxt hme aejiepce. 

ebie binoman* so 

plaepa pluman- 

oy]fe ps&ne mob* 

ppa pceal ojietta* 

a m hip mobe* 


He had fortitude^ 

and humility ; 

he remained in the mount ; 

he a dwelling needed^ 

he had long forsaken those 

of transient joys. 

He himself severM not 

from kindness towards men, 

but for the prosperity pray'd 

of every soul, 

when he to earth, 

m the desert, 

his face incUnM. 

From heaven was his 

mind stimulated, 

by the benignant Spirit. 

He oft meditated 

(him was the angel near) 

how this world's 

delights he might 

with his body 

least enjoy : 

not in him, for dread 

of the wretched sprites, 

did his faith doubt, 

nor did he the time defer 

of that which for his Lord he 

had to undergo, 

lest him vigUs 

of vigour might deprive, 

sleep's slumbers, 

or sluggish mind. 

So shall a champion 

in his mind ever 

SI. jlsspea? 



2obe compian* 

'J hiy jaefC bejian* 

Oft on onban* 

{'am ];e eahcan pile. 

fapla jehpylcpe. 

)>»p he 2;ef»laii mas;* 

pymle hy pilSlac* 

m 5obep pillan- 

jqiomne pinbon* 

}?on plyje peope. 

]mph mhta jempu* 

neopan cpoman* 

)?a ye onli»le< 

eapbap pepebon* 

hpaej^epe him J^aep ponjep. 

pyn rpe«pabe. 

polbun 'pKt him tx) mobe* 

pope mon-lupan* 

popj jepohce. 

J^Kfc he pj> tuje. 

ept to ej>le. 

ne p»p )wt onpn ppylc* 

'Sonne hme enjel* 

on ]?am anabe* 

jeopnapt jjiette- 

^ him jiepe pealbe. 

ytet hme ne mesdire« 

meotubep pillan* 

lon^aiS jelettan- 

ac he on ^sey lapeopep* 

paepe jeponabe* 

Oft popbe bicpae'S- 

hupn )wp bihopa'S. 

pe ISe him hali; 2^r^* 

fight for God, 

and his spirit bear 

oft in hate 

to him who will persecute 

every soul, 

wherever he may meet with it. 

They Guthlac ever 

in God's will 

steadfast found, 
10 when in flight the cruel ones, 

through the clouds of night. 

Came to explore,— 

those who the unhealthy 

habitations watched, — 

whether to him the plain's 

delight abated ; 

they would that his mind, 

for love of man, 

care would seek, 
90 that he would journey 

again to home ; 

such was not his design, 

when him the angel, 

in the desert^ 

greeted most fervently, 

and him grace gave^ 

that him might not, 

in the Creator's will, 

longing obstruct; 
30 but he in his teacher's 

covenant remained, 

oft by word addressed. 

This it at least behoveUi 

him, whom the Holy Spirit 

4. eahcian or ehtian ? 




fiyaX on pillan* 

T hif peo[ic tpymtfS. 

la}^aS hine h)mm po[ibum< 

^ehatetS him lipey p«fte* 

J^aefc he ]7»f lacteopep. 

lapum hype* 

ne lete him ealb-peonb* 

efc oncyjijian* 

mob pjiom hif meotube* 

hu fceal min cuman* 

j«fC fco jeoce. 

nemne ic jobe fylle* 

hyppimne hije. 

yeet him heojitan 26]H)nc* 


directeth willingly^ 

and his work strengtheneth^ 

inviteth him with gentle words^ 

promiseth him life's rest, 

that he his guide's 

instructions should obey, 

nor let the ancient fiend 

turn again 

his mind from his Creator. 

' How shall come my 

soul unto salvation 

unless I give to God 

a mind obedient, 

that my heart's thoughts to him, 

• * * 


«ji oype p«. [38 a.] 

enbe jepeoji^Se* 

]?»& 2^ mec tx) punbpe* 

p8^an motun* 

ne mse; mm lic-homa* 

pit) yay kenan jepceajrt* 

beaS 2^®^^^* 
ac he ^ebpeopan fceal* 
fpa ]>eof eop'Se eall* 
pe 10 hep on]t:onbe* 
"Seah ^e nunne fl»fc-homan* 
pypep pylme* so 

pop5pipen jpom-hybje. 
jippan leje. 

na&jrpe je mec op ]>ipfum pop- 
bum onpenbalS* 

early or late 
be at an end, 
that ye me to glory 
may bear. 
My body may not 
from this frail creation 
by death be sever'd, 
but it shall fall, 
as all this earth, 
that I here stand on. 
Though ye my carcase, 
with fire's heat, 
assail, ye cruel-hearted, 
with devouring flame^ 
never ye me from these words 
shall turn. 

14. a leaf apparently wanting. 
S9. MS. jrlaejhoman. 

SI. pulbjie? 

95. beatfe? 




];enban mec mm jepic jelaeffce*8. 

)>eah }?e je hme fajium popfaecen- 

ne mot:an je mme jtiple jjietan* 

ac 2^ on betjian jebpm^a'S* 

)x>ji%an ic ^ebiban pille* 

];ar Jw me min bpyhcen bemeiJ. 

nij' me J>«j' bea]>ef fojij. 

"Seah min Mn "^ blob- 

bufcu 2epeo]i)^en« 

eo]i)^an to eacan* lo 

mm fe eca b»l* 

m jepean pape'S* 

)^8ep he ps^an* 

botlep bpuceiS* 

nip J^ippep beopjej' petl. 

meobmnpe ne majia- 

I'on hit men buje* 

j-e \fe in j^popmjum- 

^eobneY piUan* 

bse^bpam bpeo^e'S. oo 

ne pceal j^e bpyhfcnep )?eop- 

in hip mob-pepan« 

mape jelupian* 

eop];an aeht-pelan* 

l^onne hip anep jemet* 

)wt he hip hc-homan* 

labe b»bbe- 

Da paep epc ppa aep. 

ealb-peonba ni'S* 

ppohc onpylleiS* so 

poiS oj^epne* 

lyc-hpon leo'Sobe- 

l^onne m lypc a)t;a2* 

ceap-jejta cipm* 

si. fojif Men ?-— K. 16. r. 

SO. onpeceb? 91. MS. poff. 

while me my intellect attends ; 

though ye it sorely^ afflict, 

ye may not my soul affect, [it ; 

but ye to a better world will bring 

therefore I will await [judge : 

that which for me my Lord shall 

to me therefore is of death nocare; 

though my bones and blood 

both become 

to earth an increase, 

my eternal part 

into joy shall go, 

where it a fair 

mansion shall enjoy. 

This mountain-dwelling is not 

meaner nor greater, 

when it a man inhabits, 

who in BujSerings, 

for the Lord's sake, 

daily li^eth ; 

nor shall the Lord's servant, 

in his mind, 

more love 

earth's riches, 

than his own conduct, 

that he his body's 

load may raise/ 

Then was again as ere 

the old fiends' hate, 

their vengeance waken'd, 

one sound another 

a while resounded, 

then in air arose 

the anxious spirits' cry. 

meobumjia. 17. hme man? 

34. MS. ceaji^efta, r. ceaji-jsefra. 



rymle cpiftef lop. 

in ju^lacef • 

jobum laobe* 

peox ;] punabe* 

3 hine peojiuha job* 

fpeoiSabe on polban* 

]7>a be peopa j^hpylc- 

healbe% ui h»lo* 

J^aep fe hyjia jaejt:. 

{nil's in ]^apum« 

he paef )>ea]ia fum* 

ne pon he Kpcejt po)iulbe< 

ac he in pulbjie ahoj:* 

/ 1 mobef pynne* 

I \ hpylc p»f majia }^onne- 
fe an opefcta* 
npjnm tnbum* 
cempa je cy^SelS. 
, }^8et him cpift pope* 
populbhcpa mS* 
punbpa jecy^be :• 


Ever Christ's love 

in Guthlac's 

good mind 

waxed and dwelt, 

and him the Qod of Hosts 

on earth protected, 

as he every soul 

holdeth in safety, 

where the higher spirit 
10 thrlveth in morals, 

he was one of those ', 
[38 bJ] he strove not after the world, 

but he in glory raised 

his joy of mind, 

which was greater than 

he whom a hero, 

in our times, 

« champion, ye call, 

so that for him Christ 
90 more worldly 

wonders manifested. 


|>e hme pcilbe. 
PI'S pceSj^enpa- 
ejlum onpenjom^ 
eapmpa jaejra* 
pepon by peope. 
to piepanne* 
jippfl 5papum. 
no job polbe* 
Jwc peo papl- 


He him shielded 

against the injurers' 

dire designs, 

the wretched sprites': 

they were fierce 

to rush 

with eager grasps. 

God would not, 

that the soul 

9. fajia J>e?— K. 

1 1. r. ])aiia. — K. 



J>»]' j-aji 'piiOfbbe- 

in hc-homan* 

lypbe fe-}^ana* 

^zdt by faun mib honbum 

hjiinan mojt^en* 

T f fpx& ftS hy» 

jejrpeoj^ab psejie* 

|>y fame |?a hopin- 

on pdL hean lypt* 

]*ealbon hixn meahte* 

Ofeji monna cynn* 

ysdt he pope eapun* 

eall fceapobe* 

unbep habjpa* 

fayjiba jepealbum* 

in mynftepum* 

monna jebaejiu* 

]?apa ye h^]ia lipep • 

)^uph luft bpucan* 

iblum aehtnim* 

*] o]:eji-plencum« 

pejielum pelplicum* 

jysL bi'8 jeoju^Se J>eap^ 

)w]i J^sep ealbjiep • 

ejfa ne jtypelJ* 

no ]?eji )>a peonbaf • 

^ejzeon )^op.fton* 

ac ^Y bla&bej* hpa'Se- 

^ebpocen haepbon* 

]?e bun alypeb psep • 

lytle hpile* 

ymt by hip lic-boman* 

len; ne moptan* 

pitum p»lan* 

ne bim pibt jepcob* 

)wp 'pe by bim tx) teonan* 

BO much pain should suffer 

in the body, 

yet he allow'd^ 

that they bim with bands 

might touchy 

and that peace towards them 

should be observ'd. 

They him then rais'd 

into the high air, 
10 gave him might 

above the race of men, 

that be before his eyes 

all m^bt behold 

under holy 

guardians' power : — 

in monasteries^ 

men's bearings^ 

those who their life 

in pleasure pass, 
30 in vain possessions, 

and in excessive pomps, 

proud garments : 

so is the wont of youth, 

where of the elder 

fear checketh not. 

Not there the fiends 

needed to rejoice, 

for their success quickly 

they bad enjoyed, 
so which was allow'd to them 

a little while, 

so that they his body 

longer might not 

with pains afifldct, 

nor did bim injure aught 

of what they to his hurt 




I* ' -^ 

Isebbun hine ^ of Ijyte* 

to )^am leopeftan* 

eajibe on eoji'San* 

p«t he epc jejt^aj. 

beoji]; on beappe* 

bonan jnopnebon* 

msenbon mujinenbe* 

pmt hy monnef beapn- 

pjiehia opepj^un^e* 

T J7>a J^eappenbhC' 

him tx) eapjie^um* 

ana cpome- [39 a.] 

-pf hy him ne meahte* 

mapan ]*apum« 

^ylban jypn-ppaece. 

ju'Slac fecte. 

hyht m heoponaf • 
h«lu jetpeopbe- 
hsfbe peonba pen;* 
peope jebyjeb. 
peep peo aepepte- 
eapmpa ^aepta* 
coptunj opepcumen. 
cempa punabe* 
bhj>e on beopje. 
p»p hip blaeb mib job. 
"Suhte him on mobe* 
)?»t pe mon-cynnep« 
eabij paepe. 
pe]?e hip anum hep- 
peope jeppeo'Sabe. 
jFset him peonbep honb* 
see l^am ytmej^tan* 



had effected. 

They led him then from air 

to the dearest 

dwelling upon earthy 

so that he again ascended 

the mountain in the grove. 

The slayers groan 'd, 

moan'd mournings 

that them a child of man 

had in their torments overcome, 

and so needy, 

to their molestation, 

alone had come, 

if they him might not, 

with greater pains, 

pay for his voluntary exile. 

Guthlac set 

his hope in heaven, 

in salvation trusted ; 

he had from t/ie fiends^ grasp 

with life escap'd : 

was the first 

of the wretched spirits' 

temptation overcome : 

the champion remidned 

blithe on the mount, 

his reward was with Gk>d ; 

seem'd to him in mind, 

that of mankind he 

were bless'd 

who here for his own 

soul taketh care ; 

that him the fiend's hand, 

at the last 

9. MS. >8P. 



i t 

enbe ne jxobe- 

)>onne him fe bjiyhcnef • 

bom pi]*abe- 

to )?am nyhfCan- 


I^paej'iie him ]>a jena* 


ebpic fppecan- 

epm]>u jehet^on* 

ropnum ceon-cpibum* - lo 

cpeop p«r jecyl^eb. 

yxtxe ju^Slace. 

job leanobe- 

elleu mib apum- 

psRr he ana jepon* 

J>im pe pepja jaepc. 

popbum paejbe. 

no pe pe Jmp ppiiSe* 

)7>encan f^opptan- 

l^sep t?u ppomkce* to 

ppeonba lapum- 

hypan polbe. 

psi }m hean -j eapm* 

on J?ip opleje. 

aepepc cpome* 

•Sa J?u jehece. 

J?8BC yec hahj jaej-c. 

yrS eappe}7um* 

eaiSe jej'cilbe. 

pop l^am mypcelpe* so 

pe pec monnep honb* 

ppom }^inpe onjyne- 

8e]?eli]m ahpyppbe- 

in pam maej-phte- 

7. 3y]me? ^jiynna, of tfiafM?— K. 
20. ygsji, qn. an error for ^ip? 
31. a couplet apparently wanting. 

end afflict not, 

when him the Lord's 

doom should point 

to the most near 

inevitable separation. 

Yet to him still, 

earnestly mindful, 

they spake reproach, 

affliction threatened, 

with angry insults : 

the truth was manifested, 

that on Outhlac 

Ood had bestow'd 

courage with honours, 

so that he alone won. 

To him the sprite accurs'd 

said in words : 

* We not thus rigorously thee 

might afflict, 

if thou steadfastly 

the lore of friends 

would'st have obey'd, 

when thou mean and poor, 

into this strife 

first camest, 

when thou didst declare, 

that thee the Holy Spirit 

against afflictions 

easily would shield, 

from the aim, 

which thee the hand of man 

from thy face 

nobly would cast. 

In a fair aspect 

8. r. jpjuecon. 11. cpeoptJ? 

39. MS. beam. 



jylcum |:opjiepene. 
nalef jobe jJijaiS. 
ac hy lic-homan fope* 
lupan cpema^* 
• pi)t:a pyniium* 
rpa je peop^mynbu. 
in bolum bpeame* 
bpyhcne jielba^S. 9 

pela ^e pope monnum mi)^a%- 
|wep pe je m mobe jehycjaiJ. 
ne beo^S eoppe baeba bypiie. [394.] 
J?eah J?e je hy in byjle jeppemme- 
pe j?ec in lypt jeliebbun- 
opcujon pe lonbep pynna* 

polbun J?u J>e jylpa jepape. 
J?8BC pe )?ec poiS on]T»lbun- 
eallep )ni J^aej' pice apunne* 

pop]>on )?u hit onpenban ne 
©a paep ajonjen- [meahcep* 
)?8et him job polbe* 21 

eptep }?popinja- 
J?onc je^lban. 
ysBt he maptyphab* 
mobe jelupabe* 
pealbe him pnyttpu* 
on pepan jehyjbum- 
maejen-paepce jemynb. 
he pii$ monjum ptob* 
ealb-peonba* ao 

elne jebylbeb- 
paBjbe him co popje- 
f8BC hy pjeleape. 
'-' 'J 1 )?one jpenan ponj- 
ojrjiepan pceolban. 

many live^ 

given up to sins, 

good receive not, 

but they for the body's 

love delight 

in festive joys ; 

so ye reverence 

in foolish joy 

pay to the Lord. 

Much ye before men conceal 

of that which ye in mind devise ; 

your deeds shall not be hidden, 

though ye them in darkness per- 

We led thee into air, [petrate. 

withdrew from thee the land's de- 

would thou thyself should see 

that we truth on thee impos'd, 

for all this thou hast suffering 

becausethou could'st not avert it/ 

Then it came to pass, 

that him Ood would, 

after sufferings, 

with thanks requite, 

/or that he martjrrdom 

in his mind loved : 

he gave him wisdom 

in his breast's thoughts, 

a steadfast mind. 

He against many stood 

of the old fiends, 

strongly embolden'd : 

said to their sorrow, 

that they ingloriously 

the green plain 

should give up : 



je finb pojifcabene* 
on eop f cylb pceiS. 
ne cunnon je bpyhcen- 
buju)?e bibban. 
ne mib ealSmebum- 
ajie fecan- 
J^eah fe eop alypbe* 
lytle hpile* 
p»t ^e mm onpealb- 
a^an mojten- 
ne je )?«c 2e]?ylbu- 
pic^hn polban- 
ac mec yjipm^a- 
J^aet ic op lypte. 
lonba jetimbjiu* 
jepeon meahte- 
paep me fpejlep leohc« 
copht ont^eb- 
J^eah ic topn bpuje* 
peccon me m ebpic* 
)?aec ic eaSe popbasp- 
pmne pejulap. 
3 pe(?e mob. 
jeon^pa monna- 
iQ jobep templum* 
polban fy ^ehyppan. 
hali^^pa lop* 
pobtun ]?a paempan* 
"J l^a pellan no* 
bemban »ptep bsebmn* 
ne beoiS ]^a bypne ppa*|?eali 
V ic eop polS p)7j?on. 
pecjan pille. 

* Ye are scatter'd^ 

on you guilt sitteth ; 

ye to the Lord cannot 

pray for happiness, 

nor humbly 

mercy seek : 

though that he allow'd you, 

a little while, 

that ye power of me 
10 might possess, 

not patiently ye that 

would accept, 

but me angrily 

led up, 

that I from lur 

the structures of the lands 

might see« 

To me was heaven's light 

bright disclos'd, 
^ though I affliction suffer'd 

ye said to me in reproach, 

that I readily prefer'd 

the lax rules, 

and the rough mind 

of young men. 

In Ood's temples 

ye would blame 

the praise of saints : 

ye sought the worse, 
30 and the better judg'd not 

after their deeds ; 

yet shall they not be hidden. 

I then to you the sooth 

will say : 

31. jiBtoon? 

97. ^e for )>y? 

K 2 




job fcop jeoju^e. 

^ pimena bpea- 

ne majuD )?a aejrtep-ylb* 

m )7am aepeftan- 

blaebe jebepan* 

ac by bhfpa15. 

populbe pynnum- 

o'S'Saet pintjia pim* 

jejaeiJ in J?a jeoju'Se. [40 a.] 

|?8BC fe jaBfC lupaiS- 

onjyn 3 aetpijt;. 

ylbpan habef • 

^e jemece monije- 

jeonb mibban-jeapb. 

]?eopia'S in ]?eapum- 

J^obum ypa}?- 

pifbom pepaj-* 

plencu popleofa^S. 

fiiSiSan jeoju'Se jeafi- 

jaejT aj:lih{S. 

J^aec je ne fcipaiS- 

ac je fcylbijpa. 

fynne j*ecja"8. 

fo|?j3BjTpa no. 

mob "5 mon-)wap. 

maepan piUaiS- 

jepeoiS in jripenum- 

}:poj:pe ne pena"?. 

)?«c je pp«c-pi5a. 

pyppe jebiben. 

ojrc je m jejtalum ffconba^S. 

)?ttf cyme^S jreop op heoponum 

me )?onne penbe^* 

fe up ic fe mon-paej. 



God created youth^ 

and joy of men ; 

the young generations may not 

at the first 

bear fruit, 

but they rejoice 

in the world's pleasures/ 

till that number of years 

entereth into youth, 

when the spirit loveth 

the aspect and substance 

of elder state, 

which many prudent, 

over mid-earth, 

revere in conduct. 

To people manifest 

men wisdom, 

pride lay aside, 

when of youth goeth 

the spirit, fleeth away : 

that ye discern not, 

but ye the sinfuls' 

sins rehearse ; 

not of the just 

the mind and practice 

will ye magnify. 

Ye rejoice in crimes, 

not of comfort ween ye, 

therefore ye exile's 

lot abide ; 

oft among thieves ye stand, 

therefore comes punishment from 

but me sendeth [heaven ; 

he who *s to us man*s way. 

19. j«tJ? 29. faer- 34. uficorurif? mon-jaej^ = hf -pcx ? 



fe pe lija jehp«f . 

lenju pealbe'S- 

Spa bleolpjisbe* 

hahj cempa. 

ytey ye mapcype- 

).7iom mon-cynnef . 

]*ynnum apinbjiab* 

j-ceolbe he jTipej- }?a jen. 

btel abjieojan- 

^ah ye bpyhcen hij*. 

pitum polbe* 

hpaet: past punbpa pu* 

monnum J^uhte* 

ytet he ma polbe* 

appum onpenjum- 

eapme jaepcap- 

hpinan leton* 

•3 f hp8s)?pe ^elomp* 

paep t?aec jen mapa- 

)wt: he mibban-^eapb- 

jylpa jepohce. 

^ hip ppac ajeat* 

on bonena honb* 

ahte beja jepealb- 

hpep ^ beaiSep. 

pa he luptum bpea;- 

ea^mob on eop^San- 

ehcenbpa ni-S* 

poplin ip nu aphc* 

Jwet pe ^epaepcpa- 

baebe bemen* 

pecjen bpyhcne lop. 

ealpa )?apa bipena* 

pe up bee pope* 

)^uph hip punbpa jepeopc 

pipbom cypaX :• 

he who of each's life 

the length ordaineth/ 

So spake 

the holy champion. 

The martyr was 

from mankind's 

sins detach'd^ 

yet must he of pain 

a portion suffer^ 
10 although his Lord 

his torments held in controul. 

Yes ! that a wonder 

seem'd to men, 

that He would longer, 

with their dire attempts, 

the miserable sprites 

let touch Aim, 

and yet that so befell : 

that was even more, 
00 that he mid-earth 

sought himself, 

and his blood shed 

by murderers' hands : 

he of both had power, 

of life and death, 

when he spontaneously endur'd, 

humble on earth, 

the persecutors* malice ; 

therefore is it now commendable, 
30 that we of the pious 

the deeds consider, 

say to the Liord praise, 

for all those examples, 

which to us, as books, 

through his wonders' works, 

his wisdom manifest. 

11. r. peolde. 




Qeopi paef mib jufilac. 

m ^obcunbum* 

maejne jemeceb* 

micel If to fecjan. [40 A.] 

eall dBfceji opbe* 

^dRt he on elne abpea;* 

"Sone jrojie-jenjan. 

pebeji selmihti;* 

PI'S onhaelum- 

ealboji- jepinnum • 

j-ylj^ jefefcce. 

J?8Bp hif fapl peapiJ. 

claene ^ jecopfcab. 

cuS ip pibe. 

jeonb mibban-jeapb. 

f hip mob 5e|>ah. 

in jobep pillan- 

ip )?aBp jfin pela. 

CO pecjenne* 

)?8Bp )?e he pylpa abjieaj. 

uubeji niiJ-jyrca. 

neappum clommu* 

he J?a pap popjeah. 

a J?8Bjie paple. 

pel )?aep munb-bopan. 

]?e pBBt monb ^eheolb* 

J^aec hun ne jecpeobe. 

cpeop in bpeofCum* 

ne him jnopnunja. 

jaepte pcobun* 

ac j-e heapba hyje. 



Grace was with Gutblae 

in divine 

vigour found. 

Much is it to say, 

all from the beginning, 

what he courageously endur'd, 

whom, a forthgoer, 

the Almighty Father, 

against pernicious 

vital adversaries, 

himself had placed, 

where his soul became 

clean and prov'd. 

It is widely known, 

over mid-earth, 

that his mind throve 

in God's will : 

yet there is much 

to say 

of what he himself endur'd 

under the hostile spirits' 

griping clutches. 

He the pain despis'd 

of the soul ever, 

while in the Protector, 

who held him in his care, 

that doubted not 

faith in his breast, 

nor did repinings 

his spirit injure, 

but his steadfast mind 

7. jrojiV-^eiixaii 

25. hpihi 

20. >e>a? 



ball; ponabe- 
o]?]?8&t he fa byfju- 
opejibiben haepbe- 
J^jiea psepon ]>eaple* 
J^ejnap ^imme* 
ealle by }?am peope« 
pyl jebebton* 
no by bine to beaSe* 
beman mopcon- 
pynna bypbap- 
ac peo papul bab. 
m kc-boman* 
leoppan tibe* 
jeopne by on^eaton- 
f byne job polbe* 
nepjan pi-S ni]mm* 
3 bypa nyb-ppagce- 
beope beman- 
ppa bpybten msej* 
ana aelmibtij* 
eabijpa jebpone« 
piiS eappejmm- 
eaiS jepcilban* 
bpaerSpe bine jebpobtx)n 
ppa%e ppaec-maecjap. 
pulbpep cempan* 
hah J bupul-beapn* 
set hel*bope- 
l^aep ppenpulpa- 
paeje jaeptap. 
aepcep ppyltnrpale. 
pecan onjinnaiS* 
t^ in-jonj aepept* 

holy continued^ 

till that be the trouble 

bad surmounted. 

The torments were intense, 

grim the ministers ; 

tbey all to bis life 

destruction tbreaten'd : 

not tbey bim to death 

might doom^ 

10 the ministers of sin, 
for the soul awaited 
in his body 
a happier time : 
well they understood^ 
that him Ood would 
preserve against their hate, 
and their vengeance 
sternly judge ; 
so may the Lord, 

90 alone Almighty, 
each blessed one 
against afflictions 
easily shield. 
Yet they brought him, 
in wrathful mood, 
the hostile exiles, 
the glorious champion, 
the holy housel child, 
to bell door, 

ao where of the wicked 
the fated spirits, 
after the pang of death, 
begin to seek 
entrance first. 

8. MS. beatf. 

10. Lit. custodes peccatonun. 

• .-»^" 



in f atule hdj*. 

into that dire house, 

nij^eji unbep nasfj-aj'. 

down under earth's foundations. 

neole jpunbaf • 

depths profound. 

hy hme bpejbon- 

They him terrified. 

bubon opleje. 

declar'd war. 

ejpin ^ onban* 

terror and hate^ 



):pecne pope- 

a perilous journey. 

fpa biiS peonba )7eap* 

So is the wont of fiends. 

J?on hy fO'8]»ftpa» [41 


when they of the righteous 

)*aple pillaiS* 


the souls will 

pynnum bej'pican- 

with sins seduce, 

T peapo-cpajptu. 

and with cunning arts. 

onjunnon jpom-heopfce. 

7%€y resolv'd, cruel-hearted. 

jobep opett;an* 

God's champion 

in pepan fpencan- 

to afflict in mind. 

j-pij^e ^ehetou. 

vehemently threatened. 

]?det he m ]>one jpimman jpype* 

that he into that grim horror 

^on^an pceolbe* 

should go, 

hpeoppan jehyneb* 


pass condemned 

to hel-papum* 

to hell's inhabitants. 

-J Jwep in benbum- 

and there in bonds 

bpyne ]>popian* 

burning suffer : 

polbun hy jeceon. 

they would draw, 

mib topn-cpibum* 

with maledictions. 

eapme ajla&can* 

(miserable wretches) 

in oppennypj'e. 

into despair. 

meocubep cempan* 

the Lord's champion, 

hit ne meahte ppa* 

but so it might not be. 

cpaebon ceappulle* 


Said fiU'd with care 

cpipce la"8e. 

the foes of Christ 

CO ju^lace* 

to Outhlac, 

mib jpimnypj-e- 

with fierceness : 

ne eapc }?u jebepe- 

* Thou art not gentle. 

ne bpyhtnep )7eop. 

nor the Lord's servant 

nc claeiie jecojrab. 

thoroughly prov'd, 



ne cempa ^ob- 
popbum 3 peopcum- 
pel jecyj^b. 
bah; in heoptan* 
nu ^u m helle pcealt- 
beope jebujian- 
nalep bpyhcnep leohc- 
habban m heoponum* 
heah-jetimbpu • 
pelb on rpejle. 
fopf^on }ni pynna co j:ela< 
pacna jejzpemebef • 
in jibefc-homan* 
pe ]^ nu pillaiS- 
pomma jebpylcep • 
lean poppelban* 
]>8ep |?e la)^fC bi%« 
in «am jpimmeptan. 
faim fe eabja pep- 
pi'Slac in jaBp». 
mib jobep msepie* 
boiJ epen fpa* 
jip eop bpyhcen cpipc 
hpep leoht-ppuma* 
lypm pylle- 
peopuba palbenb- 
}wfc je hif pep-jenjan. 
m )^ne la'San le;* 
lieban motan* 
^ ip in jepealbum. 
pulbop-cynin jep • 
f }<} pe eop jehynbe. 

nor a champion good, 

in words and works 

well manifested, 

holy in heart : 

now into bell thou shalt 

deeply dive, 

not the Lord's light 

have in heaven, 

high structures, 
10 in the firmament a seat, 

for that thou sins too many 

and guiles hast perpetrated 

in the body. 

We will thee now 

for every crime 

pay retribution, 

that to thee shall be most loth, 

in the grimmest 

ghostly strife/ 
90 Them the blessed man 


Outhlac, in spirit, 

with Gtod's power : 

* Do even so, 

if you the Lord Christ, 

bright Source of life, 

will allow, 

of hosts the Ruler, 

that ye his recluse 
ao into the hostile flame 

may lead ; 

that ill the power is 

of the Oiory-King, 

who you condemned, 

17. }BSt (for >8eji) to agree with lean? 



^ m hs^yt bibjia):- 
unbep neapone clom* 
nepjenbe cpift- 
eom ic eaiSmob bif . 
yeof jej^ylbij. 
ic 2e]?aj:ian fceal* 
sejhpaep eallef • 
hiy anne bom* 
•3 him jeopnlice. 
jaejt;- jemy nbum • 
pille pibe-feph- 
pefan unbepj^ybeb. 
hypan holblice* 
mmum hselenbe* 
Jwapum "3 j€j?ync5um« 
3 him )?oncian* 
ealpa ]?apa jipena* 
pe job jefcop. 
enjium aepeffc. 
3 eopiS-papu. 
^ ic bletfije. 
bh^e mobe* 
lipef leohc-ppuman- 
•5 him loj: prnje. 
]mph jebepie bom- 
baejep ^ nihcef . 
hepje m heoptum* 
heopon-picef peapb* 
]?aet eop aeppe ne biiS- 
ufSLU alypeb* 
leohtef bjjum- 
f je lop moten- 
bpyhcne pecjan. 

and into durance drove, 

under a pinching bond, 

the Saviour Christ. 

I humble am his 


a patient servant ; 

I shall submit to, 

everywhere wholly, 

his one doom, 
10 and to him zealously, 

in my spirit's thoughts, 
[41 A.] will ever 

be subjected, 

faithfully obey 

my Saviour, 

in practices and thoughts, 

and him thank 

for all the gifts 

which Ood created, 
ao for angels first, 

and earth's inhabitants ; 

and I will bless 

with joyful mind 

life's bright Origin, 

and to him sing praise, 

with fitting judgment, 

by day and night, 

glorify in my heart 

heaven's kingdom's Guardian. 
90 That to you shall never be 

from above allow'd, 

in the joys of light, 

that ye may praise 

say to the Lord ; 

7. MS. fcaal. 

16. ^ejieaktuin? 

98. r. heo|it:an. 



ac je beaiSe fceolon* 
peallenbe pean* 
pope bepn^an- 
heap m helle« 
nalep hejienippe. 
halje habban- 
heopon-cynm jep . 
Ic pone beman- 
in bapim minum* 
pille peoji]?ian- 
popbum ^ baebum- 
lupan in lipe* 
ppa ip lap 3 ap- 
co ppopenbpe. 
pppaece jelaebeb. 
]7a ]7e in hip peopcum* 
pillan psepnaiS* 
pinbon je psep-lojan- 
ppa je m ppaec-p'Se. 
lou^e kpbon- 
leje bipcencte- 
ppeapce beppicene. 
ppe^le benumene* 
bpeame bibpopene- 
beaiSe bipolene* 
ppenum bipon^ne- 
peopep oppenan- 
Ydst je blinbneppe* 
bote punbon* 
je pSL fse^an -^efceapc 
in pypn-bapim* 
^apthcne job-bpeam* 
jeapo poppejon. 
}^a ^e piiSbo^bun* 

but ye shall in death 
burning torment 
with weeping bewail, 
lament in hell, 
not the praise 
holy have 
of heaven's King. 
I the Judge, 
in my days, 

10 will worship, 

by words and deeds, 

will love in life/ 

(So are lore and honour 

to happy 

speech conducted, 

by him who in his works 

willingly persevereth.) 

' Ye are faith-breakers, 

thus ye in exile 

90 long have lived, 
with flame for drink, 
dark, deluded, 
of heaven depriv'd, 
from joy cast down, 
to death consign'd, 
with sins surrounded, 
of life hopeless, 
that ye of your blindness 
might expiation find. 

ao Ye the fair creation, 
ill days remote, 
spiritual joy divine, 
of old defamed, 
when ye despised 

4. heaj:e? 
34. MS. piKbo^bum. 

21. Lit. having flame served to tbem for drink. 



haljum bpyhtne- 

ne mofnin je a punian* 

in pyn-bajum. 

ac mib j'come fcylbum. 

fcopene pujibon. 

pope opephyjbum* 

in ece pyp. 

"Saeji je pceolon bpeojan* 

bea^S ^ pyy^O' 

pop to piban ealbjie- lo 

u»ppe je yxy pyjipe jebiba'8. 

^ ic f»c jelype. [42 a.] 

m lip-ppuman« 

ecne onpealban- 

ealpa jepceapta* 

pmt he mec pop miltfu> 

T msBjen-fpebum. 

ui'S'Sa nejijenb. 

naeppe piUe- 

l^ujih ellen-peopc* ao 


)^am ic lonje* 

in lic-homan* 

^ in minum j»pce. 

^obe campobe- 

)>ujih moni^pealbpa- 

msejna jepynu. 

poji^Son ic jecpype* 

m )^one tojihteptan* 

J^yneppe }?jiy. 30 

pe ;e)^eahtinpim* 

hapaiS in honbum* 

heopon ^ eopiSan* 

f ^e mec mib ni)m* 

the holy Lord : 

ye might not for ever be 

in joyful days^ 

but with your shameful crimes 

were thrust, 

for your pride, 

into eternal fire ; 

where ye shall sufier 

death and darkness, 

weeping for evermore ; 

never of this may ye await a change. 

And I that believe, 

in life's Origin, 

eternal Ruler 

of all creatures, 

that he me in his mercies, 

and power, 

Saviour of men, 

never will 

through violence 


against which I long, 

in body 

and in my spirit, 

for Ood have fought, 

through manifold 

miracles' mysteries ; 

therefore I trust 

in the brightest 

glory of the Trinity, 

who by his counsels 

holdeth in his power 

heaven and earth, 

that ye me with malice 

4. fcomu-? 

S2. lit. hath iu bands. 



nsepjie motan* 
topn-mobe teon* 
in cincejiju* 
mine myji'Sjian* 
•] inSn-fcea]>an* 
ppeapte pjeleape* 
eom ic fO"8bce» 
leohte ^eleapan- 
"5 mib lujian bjiyhcnef • 
paejjie jejylleb. 
in minum peojih-locan 
bpeojtniin mbjiyjibeb- 
CO )^am betjian ham« 
leomum inlybceb* 
to ]nim leojreftan* 
ecan eapbe* 
prnji If efel-lonb- 
F^seji T jejiealic. 
m jaebep pulbjie. 
iSep eop nasffie' 
pope nepjenbe. 
leohcep leoma* 
ne bpep hyht. 
in jobep pice, 
apepen peop}>eS. 
pop yS, opephyjbu. 
ye eop in mob ajtraj* 
l^uph ibel jylp. 
eallep co rpi"8e. 
penbun je -j polbun* 
pijwp-hycjenbe • 
f 5® pcyppenbe- 
pceolban jekce* 
pepan m pnlbpe* 

never can 

wrathfuUy draw 

into torments. 

My murderers^ 

and sinful destroyers ! 

swartj triumphless ! 

I am soothly 

with bright belief, 

and with the Liord's love, 

10 fairly filled ; 

in my soul's coffer, 
in my breast, impel'd 
to that better home, 
with his beams lighted 
to that dearest 
eternal dwelling, 
where is»a country 
fair and joyous, 
in the Father's glory, 

00 where to you never, 
before the Saviour, 
nor beam of light, 
nor joy of life, 
in God's realm, 
will be given, 
for the presumption, 
that in your mind arose, 
through vain arrogance, 
all too greatly. 

30 Ye hop'd and would, 

that ye to the Creator 
should like 
be in glory ; 

so. MS. polbum. 




eop Jwji pypf 2^1omp. 

"Sa eop fe palbenb* 

ppa'8e bipencce- 

in f fpeapce pupl- 

J?»p eop p'S'San pasp. 

ab inaeleb. 

attpe jeblonben- 

]?uph beopne bom* 

bpeam apypiieb. 

enjla ^emana- 

fpa nu apa pceal- 

pepan pibe pejih- 

f je paepnyppe. 

bpyne-pylm haebben* 

nalep bletpunja* 

ne t'uppun je penan- [42 b.] 

pulbpe bipcypebe. 

f je mec pynpulle. 

mib peapo-cpaepknim* 

unbep pcaeb pconbe. 

pcupan motan- 

ne in b^-blaepan* 

bpejbon on hinbep« 

in belle hup* 

^sep eop ip ham pceapen* 

ppeapt pn-nehte- 

pacu bucan enbe- 

jpim jaept-cpalu- 

J?aep je jnopnenbe. 

beaiS pceolon bpeojan* 

^ ic bpeama pyn* 

ajan mib enjlum* 

in }?a uplican- 

pobepa pice. 



to you there worse befell, 

when you the Supreme 

wrathfully cast down^ 

into the swart torment, 

where for you was afterwards 

a pile kindled, 

with venom blended, 

through stern doom, 

joy remov'd, 

angels' converse. 

So now shall always 

be for evermore, 

that ye malediction, 

burning heat have, 

not blessings. 

Ye may not hope, 

cut off from glory, 

that ye sinful, me, 

with cunning arts, 

under shade ignominiously 

may thrust, 

nor into fire's blaze 

might backwards drag, 

into hell's house, 

where for you a home is sbapen, 

swart in eternal night, 

strife without end, 

grim ghostly death, 

where ye wailing 

shall death endure, 

and I joy of joys 

possess with angels, 

in the lofty 

kingdom of the skies. 

IS. r. pepinejfe or pejiisnej/e. 



pBRji If pyht cyninj. 

help "3 haelu. 

h(ele]?a cynne- 

buju'S T bjiohcaiS. 

iSa cpom bjiyhcnef ap. 

hali; O): heofonum* 

ye \fufh hleojK)}! abeab- 

upancunbne eje* 

eapmum jaeftum* 

het ejrc hfufSe- 


Of J>am pjiaec-jTSe- 

pulbpep cempan* 

Is&ban lim-halne* 

f j-e leopefta. 

jaepfc j^eappab. 
m jobep p«pe. 
on ^epean pepbe^ 
Sa peapS peonba ]?peac* 
acol pop 'Sam ejpan- 
opep mapcpt pppsec* 
bype bjiyhcnep ]?exn- 
bae; hlutcpe fc£n- 
haepbe juSlacep. 
jaepc m jepealbu* 
mobi; munb^bopa* 
meabtum ppebi;* 
J^eoptpa J^ejnap- 
Jypea-nieblum bonb* 
nyb onpefcte. 
"J jeneabbe bibeab- 
Ne ry bim banep bpyce- 
ne blobi; punb* 
beep lasla« 

wbere is a rigbteous King^ 
belp and salvation 
to the race of men^ 
virtue and converse/ 
Then came the Lord's messenger^ 
holy from heaven, 
who through voice announc'd 
terror from above 
to the wretched sprites, 
10 bade them again forthwith 
the guiltless, 
from that exile, 
the champion of glory, 
lead whole of limb, 
that the dearest 
spirit prepared, 
in God's safeguard, 
into joy might go. 
Then was the band of fiends 
90 chill with that terror : 
proudly spake 
the Lord's dear minister. 
Day brightly shone. 
Had Guthlac's 
soul in power 
his high protector, 
in might abounding ; 
he the ministers of darkness 
by compulsion bound, 
30 force on them impos'd, [ed : 

and them 8u£Bciently command- 
' Let be on him no break of bone, 
nor bloody wound, 
scar of body. 

91. ojrejimecrum ? 




[43 a.] 

ne la]^f pihc 

l^aef l^e ^e biin to ba)ie« 

jebon motan* 

ac je hine ^ej'unbne aj^ecta]?* 

Jweji je hine fyljine ^enoman* 

he j'ceal py ponje pealban* 

ne majon -^e him pa. pic ):op- 

ic eom fe bema* 
ye mec bjiyhcen heht« 
pnube jepecjan. 
f je him papa jehpylc 
honbu j^hselbe- 
3 him heapfume* 
fi)?]7an psepon- 
ne pceal ic mine onpyn« 
pope eopepe- 
menju mij^an* 
ic eom meotubep J^ejn- 
eom ic J'apa tpelpa fum« 
J^e he jetpeopejte* 
unbep monnep hip* 
mobe jelupabe- 
he mec op heoponum- 
hibep onpenbe* 
jep eah pxt je on eop'San 
pope aepptum* 
on hip pep-jenjan. 
pite lejbon. 
ip )>»t mm bpo)>op- 
mec hip bypju jehpeap* 
ic )wc jeppemme- 
l^aep pe ppeonb punaiS- 



nor of injury aught^ 

from what ye to his harm 

may have done ; 

but do ye him place sound 

there whence ye himself took : — 

he shall rule o'er the piain^ 

ye may not prohibit him the 

dwellings ; 
I am the judge, 

whom the Lord hath commanded 
quickly to say, 
that ye each sore of him 
with hands should heal, 
and to him obedient, 
at his own disposal 
be afterwards. 
I shall not my countenance 
before your 
multitude conceal ; 
I am the Lord's minister ; 
I of the twelve am one 
whom he most faithfully, 
under form of man, 
in his mind lov'd. 
He me from heaven 
hath hither sent ; 
he saw that ye on earth, 
for envy, 
on his recluse 
laid torment. 
That is my brother, 
me his affliction griev'd ; 
I will that effect, 
(where the friend dwelleth, 

27. MS. aej;:t;um. 



on pssjie focne* 

'jfe ic )7a pbbe pi"8 hme- 

healban piUe* 

nu ic hif helpan mot* 

f je min onj-ynn- 

opt pceapia*8. 

nu ic hip j^Q^&I^I^^* 

neoj'an pille* 

pceal ic hip popb *3 hip peopc 

in jepitnejye- 

bpyhtne Isebon* 

he hip baebe conn :• 


in that sanctuary, 

towards whom I peace 

will preserve, 

now that I him may help,) 

that ye my countenance 

shall oft behold : 

now I him frequently 

will visit ; 

I shall bis words and his works, 

in witness, 

bring to the Lord, 

he his deeds shall know.' 

Da paep juiSlacej'- 
jaejt jeblippab. 
p)?l?an baptholomeup< 
aboben haepbe* 
jobep sepenbu* 
jeajipe ]tobun* 
hseptap heappume* 
]>a l^aep haljan popb* 
lyt opepleopbun. 
onjon J'a leopne p%* 
bpajan bom-eabij. 
bpyhtnep cempa- 
to ]7am onpillan* 
eop'San b«le* 
by hme baepon* 
*] him bpyce heolbon 
hopon hme honbu* 
"J him hpype bupjun 


Then was Guthlac's 

Kpirit gladdened, 

after Bartholomew 

had announced 

God's messages. 

Ready stood 

the thralls obedient, 
00 who the saint's words 

little transgress'd. 

Began then his dear way 

to go, with power endow'd, 

the Lord's champion, 

to the wish'd-for 

spot of earth. 

They him bare, 

and him from hurt preserved, 

raised him with hands, 
30 and from fall secur'd him. 




p»]ion hypa jonjaf • 

unbep jobef ejfan- 

j-me)?e *] jej-epte- 

pje-hjxefiij cpo. 

bytla to )>ain beopj^* 

hine bleti*abon* 

monje maej-plitaj'' 

meajlum pojibu* 

tpeo-jnijla tubboji* 

tacnum cy^Jbon- 

eabjef ept-cyme. 

ope he him sete heolb* 

]^n hy him huD^pije* 

ymb honb flujon* 

jjisebum Jij^pe* 

jeoce jefejon. [43 A.] 

fpa ]wt milbe mob* 

pi*8 mon-cynnej'. 

bpeamu jebaelbe* 

bpyhcne )?eopbe* 20 

jenom him to pilbeopuni pynne 

fi)?)?an he J^ap populb pophojbe- 

pmolt paep pe pje-ponj. 

•] pele nipe. 

jiaejep pujla peopb. 

polbe jeblopen* 

jeacap 2^^P bubon- 

ju'Slac mopte- 

eabij onb onmob* 

eapbep bpucan- 

ptob pe jpena ponj. 

m jobep paepe* 

hsepbe pe heopbe- 

yepe op heoponu cpom- 


Their ways were, 

under fear of God, 

smooth and soft. 

Triumphant came 

the builder to the hill ; 

him bless 'd 

many species, 

in strenuous words. 

77ie tree-fowls' offspring 

by signs made known 

the blessed man^s return : 

oft had he held them food, 

when they hungry his 

hand flew round, 

greedily voracious : 

they in the aid rejoiced. 

Thus that benignant spirit, 

from mankind's 

enjoyments sunder'd, 

serv'd the Lord, [light, 

took to him in the wild beasts de- 

after that he this world despis'd. 

Serene was the glorious plain, 

and his dwelling new ; 

sweet the birds' song, 

the earth flowery, 

cuckows announced the year. 

Guthlac might, 

happy and steadfast, 

the dwelling use. 

The green plain stood 

in God's safeguard ; 

the guardian had, 

who from heaven came. 

15. siuebjiim (s|i8ebi2um) ? 



jreonbaf apyjibe. 
hpylc paef jzaejeppa* 
in pepa life- 
pBjtBL ]>e ylbjian* 
uffe ^emunbe* 
dppe pe j'elpe. 
pj'l'an rnpen* 
hpaec pe J^ifj'a punbpa* 
jepitan pinbon. 
call pay je-eobon. 
m ufi^epa tiba timan* 
pop]H>n j^aep tpeojan ne 
8enij opeji eop'San* 
aelba cynnep* 
ac ppilc job pypce^. 
jaejta bpep. 
CO tpunina];e« 
Yy laep )?a tybjian mob. 
pa, jepicneppe. 
penbaii )>uppe* 
J>on hy m jeph|?e. 
poj^ep bpuca'S- 
ppa pe selmihtija* 
ealle jepeea}.Te. 
lupaS unbep lypce. 
in bc-homan* 
monna masjSe* 
jeonb mibban-jeapb. 
pile pe palbenb* 
J^aet pe pi]*bom a* 
pnytfcpum ppeljen. 
f hip poiS pope up. 
on hip jiepena jylb. 
jenje peop"Se« 


the fiends expelM. 

What fairer will 

has been 

in life of men^ 

of those our elders 

have commemorated, 

or we ourselves 

since have known ? 

Yes, of these wonders we 
10 are witnesses ; 

all these things happened 

in the period of our times, 
l^eapp* therefore of this needs not doubt 

any on earth 

of the race of men ; ' 

but so God worketh 

of vital souls 

to the strengthening, 

lest weak minds 
20 the testimony 
- may pervert, 
when they in sight 
enjoy the tnith. 
So the Almighty 
all the creation 
loveth under heaven, 
in body, 

the tribe of men, 
throughout mid-earth. 
30 Tlie Supreme will, 
that we wisdom ever 
wisely imbibe ; 
that his truth before us, 
in his gifts' stead, 
be current, 

r. jemunben (jemunbon). 



iSa he uj- to ape- 

•] to onbjiece. 

fyle"S •] j'enbe*8. 

faplum pymefi. 

\ipe lip-pejaf. 

leohce jejiaehte* 

nif }>»c hupu laej-aft. 

pBdt feo lufu cypeS' 

]7dn heo m monnef • 

mobe jetimbpeS- 

jseftcunbe jij:e. 

Spa he ju^lacep. 

bajap ^ baebe. 

I'uph hif bom ahoj:* 

paep pe ppuma pa^jthc. 

peon bum on onban* 

jepeceb pi? jynnum. 

J^aep he pi)>)7an lyt. 

psepe jeponabe. 

opt hip popb jobe. 

I'uph eabmebu* 

up onpenbe- 

let hip ben cuman- 

m )>a beophtan jepceapt 

)H>ncabe )?eobne. 

J^aep pe he m j^popmjum 

biban mopte* 

hponne him betpe Lp* 

]7uph jobej- pillan* 

ajypen popbe. 

Spa paej' ju'Blacep. 

jaejt jelsebeb. 

enjla pB«mum. 

in up-pobop- 


[44 a.] 



which he to us in mercy, 

and for understanding, 

giveth and sendeth ; 

for souls cleareth 

smooth paths of life, 

brightly defin'd : 

that is indeed not least 

what love manifesteth, 

when it in man's 

mind formeth 

spiritual grace. 

So he Outhlac's 

days and deeds, 

through his power exalted. 

The holy man was firm 

in hatred to the fiends, 

fix'd against sins, 

where he afterwards little 

wan'd in Aw covenant. 

Oft he his words to God 


sent up, 

let his prayer come 

into the bright creation, 

thank'd the Supreme, 

for that he in sufferings 

might await, 

when to him a better life, 

through God's will, 

should be given. 

So was Guthlac's 

spirit led, 

in th* embrace of angels, 

into the firmament above ; 

5.1. e. eternal li/e 

1 5. Lit. the chief, or prince. 



pojie onfyne* 
ecef beman* 
laebbon leo]:lice« 
him psef lean j^fealb* 
feci on fpejle- 
J^aeji he jymle mot. 
apo to ealbpe* 
eapbjisejt pepm* 
bliiSe biban* 
If him beajin jobef • 
milbe munb-bopa* 
meahtij bpyhten* 
hall J hyjibe- 
heofon-jucep peapb. 
Spa ro«j:«rtpa. 
fapla motun* 
m ecne jeapb^ 
pobepa pice* 
pBL pe pspia'S hep* 
popbum ^ peopcum* 
pulbop-cy nmjef . 
lape lon^ime* 
on hypa hpef tib* 
eapnia*S on eoplSan* 
ecan hj:ef • 
hamef m heah]ni* 
f beo*S huful-pepaf • 
cempan j^copene* 
cpifte leojre. 
bepaiS in bpeoftum* 
beophtne ^deapan* 
hahjne hyht* 
heoptan claene* 

before the face 

of the eternal Judge 

they led him lovingly. 

To him reward was given, 

a seat in heaven, 

where he always may, 

for evermore, 

an inmate be, 

blithely abide : 
10 to him is the Son of Ood 

a kind protector, 

the mighty Lord 

a holy shepherd, 

the Ouardian of heaven's realm. 

So of the righteous 

may the souls 

into th' eternal home 


the kingdom of the skies, 
00 those who here obey, 

in words and works, 

the Glory-king's 

lasting lore, 

in their life's time, 

they shall earn on earth 

eternal life, 

a home on high ; 

those are communicants, 

chosen champions, 
30 to Christ dear ; 

they in their breasts bear 

bright belief, 

h61y hope, 

a clean heart ; 

28. lit. houiel-men. 



peop'Sia'B palbenb* 

habba^ pifne i^ejioht:. 

j:u]*ne on fop^-pej. 
I CO paebep e*81e» 
I jeappe}? jaeptep hup. 
I "J mib jleapnejye. 

peonb opep-peohcaiS* 

*3 ppen-lupfcap. 

popbepaS m b]ieo]tnim< 


jeopne bijonja'S. 

in jobep pillan* 

ppenca*8 hi pylpe- 

paple ppaefcpa*. 

halpim jehyjbum- 

heopon-cymnjep bibob* 

ppemma^ on polban« 

paepten lupiaiS* 

beop^a^ hun bealo*ni]7< 

"3 jebebu peca8. 

j7>incaiS pi"S pynnum- 

healba'S po"8 j pyht. 

him Jwt ne hpeope'5. 

»pTep hin-jonje. 

•Son hy hpeoppa^- 

in \>SL haljan bup;- 

jonja« jesnuiija. 

to hiepupalem- 

l^sep hi to populbe* 

pynnum motun* 

jobep onpyne. 

jeopne bihealban- 

]ibbe •] jepihiSe. 


thet/ worship the All-powerful 
have wise thought, 
hastening on the onward way 
to their Father's home ; 
they prepare the spirit's house, 
and with prudence 
the fiend overcome, 
and sinful lusts 
[44 i6.] abstain from in their breasts, 
brotherly love 
diligently cultivate, 
after God's will ; 
mortify themselves, 
their souls adorn 
with holy meditations, 
the heavenly King's behest 
execute on earth, 
love fasting, 

secure themselves from baleful 
and prayers seek, [malice, 

strive against sins^ 
observe sooth and right. 
Them it shall not rue^ 
after departure hence, 
when they pass 
into the holy city, 
go forthwith 
to Jerusalem, 
where they for ever 
may in joys 
God's countenance 
freely behold, 
peace and happiness. 



5. The body, with fasting and penance. 
3S. jcfaeltJe? 

30. MS. morum. 



j^SBji heo yorS yuuvcS 
plitij pulbojipaeffc* 
ealne piban peph* 
on lij-'jenhjia- 
lonbe]* pynne :• 

where they shall truly dwells 

beauteous^ glorious^ 

to all eternity, 

in the joy 

of the land of the living. 


Dset ip pibe cu^B. 
pepa cneopippum. 
polcum ^epjia&^e* 
yxt te pjiymj^a job. 
)H>ne aqieptan* 
aelba cynnep* 
op ]?»pe claeneptan* 
cyninj selmihcij* 
polban jepophte. 
Da paep pjiuraa nipe* 
aelba tubpep* 
onpt:ael pynhc- 
paejep ;} jepeakc- 
paebep psep acenneb* 
abam aepept* 
)>uph ejt jobep. 
on neopxna-ponj« 
"Saep him naenjep psep- 
pillan onpyn* 
ne pelan bpopnnnj* 
ne hpep lype- 
ne hcep hpype* 



That is widely known 

to the tribes of men, 

to nations manifest, 

that the God of origins 

the first 

of the race of men 

from the purest 

{the Almighty King) 

earth wrought. 

Then was the beginning new 

of the progeny of men, 

the disposition pleasant, 

fair and joyous. 

7%e father was brought forth, 

Adam, first, 

through grace of Ood, 

in Paradise, 

where to him was not any 

madness of desire, 

nor wealth's decay, '. 

nor loss of life, I 

nor fall of body, ' 

I. n^tfan puniatf? 

3. MS. ealbnc. 



ne bpeame)* bpype. 
ne bea'Sej' cyme* 
ac he on J^arn lanbe* 
hyrgaii mofte. 
ealjia leahtpa leaj* 
loD^e neotan* 
nippa jepeana- 
)>aBp he no }?opj:ce. 
hpej' ne Ljja- 
in ]7am leoh&an ham- 
I'uph selba tib* 
enbe ^ebiban- 
ac aeptep yyfipoe' 
to ]>am yss^eftBH' 
heofon-picep ^ejrean* 
hpeojijan mofCan» 
leomu he fomub« 
1 hpep jaej-c. 
"3 J^aeji pj'l'an a. 
m jin-b]ieamum* 
to piban peojie* 
punian mojtuu* 
bpyhtne on jeph'Be. 
butan bea"Se pojiS. 
jip hy haljep popb* 
healban polbun* 
beopht m bpeoptum 
"J hip bebobu laejTan. 
aspnan on e^le* 
hy to aeji aj'peat* 
pdst hy palbenbep. 
piUan laepten- 
ac hip pip jenoni. 
pypmep lapum- 

nor joy's decline, 
nor coming of death, 
but he in that land 
might live^ 
void of all sins, 
long enjoy 
the new delights, 
[45 a.] where he needed not 
of life nor comforts, 

10 in that bright home^ 
through time of age, 
an end await, 
but after a season 
to the fairest 
joy of heaven's realm 
might depart, 
limbs, body together, 
and life's spirit 3 
and there ever after, 

ao in delights eternal, 
to all ages, 
might continue, 
in their Lord's presence, 
without death, ^Aencrforth ; 
if they the Holy's word 
would have holden, 
bright, in their breasts, 
and his behests perform'd, 
executed in the laud. 

30 They too soon disdain 'd 
that they their Sov'reign's 
will should execute ; 
for his wife took, 
through the worm's counsels. 

1 ) . r. telbe ribe. 

14. MS. jrsejiejftaD. 




blebe }:opbobene« 
*] op beame ahneop* 
psej-tni bipepebne- 
oj:e|i popb 5ob€f • 
pulbop-cynin jej- • 
*3 hyjie pepe pealbe* 


J'uph beoplep peapo- 
bea'S-bepenbe sypl* 
to ppylce jeceah* 
j*i)?]?an pe ej^el. 
u^jenje peapiS* 
abame ^ euan* 
eapb-pca cypt. 
beopht oiSbpoben* 
^ hypa beapnum ppa< 
eapepum asptep- 
J^a by 6n uncy^'Su* 
pcomum pcubenbe- 
pcopene pupbon* 
on jepin-populb* 
peopcep on^ulbon* 
beoppa ppena* 
J'upb beaiSep q)ealm* 
]?e by unpnyccpu* 
aep 2<^ppeinebon- 
l^aepe pyn-ppaece* 
pj^l'an pceolbon- 
me^ 1 msec^ap* 
mopl^pep onjylbon. 
job-pcylbje sypn. 
)7uph japt-jebal. 
beoppa pipena* 
beaiS in-jej^onj. 




the forbidden produce^ 

and from the tree nip'd off 

the fruit prohibited, 

against the word of God, 

of the Glory-king, 

and to her husband gave, 

through the devil's guile, 

the death-bearing fruit, 

which the consorts 

drew unto death. 

Then the land 

alien became 

to Adam and to Eve, 

the flower of habitations, 

bright, withdrawn, 

and to their children also, 

their future progeny. 

Then they into a strange country, 

in shame departing, 

were thrust, 

into a world of toil : 

they for their work aton'd, 

for their deep crimes, 

(through pang of death) 

which they unwisely 

before had perpetrated : 

that penalty of sin 

must afterwards, 

(tribe and kinsmen,) 

of deadly crime, must pay, 

the guilty towards God, severely, 

through death, 

their deep crimes. 

Death rush'd in 

3. MS. j?8Bjrten. 19. rceu^Jciibe ? j*cpiCeii>>c? — K. 30. r. onjylbau. 




pijia cynne* 

peonb juxabe* 

jeonb mibban-jeapb- 

naenij monna paef • 

Of }>am pje-tnibjie. 

pj^l^an aefpe- 

jobef pillan J^aep jeopn. 

ne jynn pifeiS- 

l^set he bibujan ma&^e* 

]?one bitpaii bpync. 

}H)ne eue fypn. [46 i.] 

abame ^eaj:* 

bypelabe bpyb jeonj^ 

f him bam ^epcob* 

m ]>am beopau ham* 

bea^S picfabe* 

opep polb-buenb* 

peah ]>e pela psepe* 


Jwp hi jobep pillan • ao 

on mifkcum* 

monna ;ebih]?um* 

aepcep ptebe-ponju. 

picopum ppemebon* 

pume 8Bp pume p'8. 

pume in uppa* 

septep t:8el-meapce« 

tiba jemynbum* 

pjop-lean pohton. 

Up pecja* bee- so 

hu piiSlac peaptS* 

l^uph jobep pillan* 

eabij on enjle* 

he him ece jeceap* 

meaht ^ munbbypb. 

to the race of men^ 

the fiend prevail'd 

over mid-earth : 

no man has been^ 

of that glorious offsprings 

ever after, 

so mindful of God's will, 

nor yet so directed, 

that he may escape 

the bitter drink, 

which Eve of old 

to Adam gave, 

the young bride serv'd 

that which them ruin'd both, 

in that dear home. 

Death prevailed 

o'er earth's inhabitants, 

though many were 

holy spirits, 

where they God's will, 

in the various 

abodes of men, 

from place to place 

journeying executed ; 

some before, some after, 

some in the memory 

(according to reckoning) 

of our times, 

sought a glorious reward. 

To us books say 

how Guthlac became, 

through God's will, 

blessed in England : 

he chose to himself th' eternal 

power and protection ; 

8. ne ^en pifob? 

89. ^erihVum?— K. 

23. MS. ponja. 



maepe pujibon- 
hif punbpa jepeopc. 
pibe •] Jibe- 
bpeme aejrcep bupjum* 
jeonb bpyten mnan* 
hu he monje op:* 
I'upb meaht jobe)** 
jehaelbe byje jeompe* 
hepjpa pita. 
}?e bine unpojice. 
able jebunbne* 
jtipje jej'ohcun- 
op ri"8-pe;um. 
jymle j.'poppe J^s&p* 
aet l^am ^obej* cempan 
jeappe pinbon* 
belpe ^ bselo* 
nsenij haelej^a ip • 
l^e apeccan mse^e* 
opj^e pim pite. 
ealpa }7apa punbpa* 
J'e be in populbe hep. 
|?npb bpybtnep jiepe- 
bujejram jeppemebe :• 



great were 

his wonders' works, 

wide and far 

fam'd from town to town, 

throughout Britain ; 

how he many oft, 

through might of Ood, 

heal'd, sad of soul, 

of heavy pains, 

who him, with grievous 

malady oppressed, 

sought sorrowful, 

from distant ways, 

with trembling mind ; 

they ever comfort there, 

with that Ood's champion, 

ready found, 

help and health. 

No man there is, 

that reckon may, 

or the number know 

of all the wonders 

that he in the world here, 

through the Lord's grace, 

nobly perform'd. 

Ope CO ]7am picum* 
peopube cpomun* 
beopla bea^S-maejen 
bu3u]7a bepcypebe. 


Oft to those dwellings, 
in a band came 
a deadly power of devils, 
of happiness bereft, 

13. n^P^Xum? 



hlojmm J^junjan- 

in troops thronging, 

l^aeji fe halja }>eop« 

where the holy servant. 

elnef anhybij' 

in courage steadfast, 

eapb peapbabe* 

his habitation held; 

)?8eji hy miplice. 

there they a varied 

monjum peopbum- 

(in many tongues. 

on )>am pejrenne- 

in that waste,) 

po^e hopun. 

cry rais'd. 

hlubne hepe-cijim. 

a loud war-shout, 

hipep binotene* 

10 they of form bereft. 

bjieamum bibpojiene* 

[46 a.] of joys deprived. 

bp^htnep cempa* 

The Lord's soldier. 

ppom polc-toja- 

ihe bold leader. 

peonba jyjiea&um* 

the bands of foes 

pi"8ptx)b pcjionjlice. 

strongly withstood. 

n«r peo jtunb lafcu- 

The moment was not slow 

eapmjia ja&pta* 

of the wretched sprites. 

ne ]?8et onbib Ion;* 

nor the respite long. 

Jwc J?a pjiohc-pmi'Sap- 

till the criminals 

pop ahopun* 

TO rais'd a whoop. 

hjieopun hpe"81eape. 

howl'd piteously, 

hleo}7pum bjiujbon. 

sounds utter'd ; 

hpilum pebenbe* 

now raging 

ppa pilbe beop. 

like wild beasts 

cipmbon on cop^pe- 

they in a body cried. 

hpilum cypbon epc. 

now tum'd- again. 

minne man-pcea]7an- 

the base destroyers. 

on mennipc hip. 

into a human form. 

bpeahtma msepte* 

with greatest clamour. 

hpilum bpujbon ept* 

30 now again changed 

ap^jbe psep-lojan* 

the cursed false ones 

on pypmep bleo* 

to a worm's hue. 

eapme abloman* 

the miserable tools. 

attpe ppiopbon« 

venom spat. 

19. >8Btfor O^^Sdt ? 

27. msene? 33. anbloman? 




fymle hy juiSlac* 
jeapone pinbon* 
}>oncef jleapne* 
he je)?ylbum bab. 
)>eah him jreonba hlo*S* 
jieojih-cpealm bube. 
)>piluin him to honba* 
hmijpe je)>peatab- 
plea; pujla cyn* 
)>»p hy peoph-iiejie. 
pitube punbon* 
^ hme peop^ebon* 
mea^Ium pcepnum* 
hpilum mennipce* 
apap ea^Soiebum* 
epc neoj'ebon • 
3 }>aep p«-ppome. 
on }>am pije-ponje- 
aec l^am haljan }7eopan* 
helpe ^emetton* 
pepiS)>ep ppoppe. 
nsenij pop}>um paep* 
)>aet he «pipc-mob. 
ept pi*8abe. 
hean hyhca leap- 
ac pe halja pep* 
aelba jehpylcej-- 
l^uph ]?a 8e)>elan meaht;< 
]?e hme peoplije. 
pohcan on ^eappe* 
hselelS hyje jeompe. 
haelbe butai- 
he 3 paple- 
]>enben hpep peapb- 

They Guthlac ever 

ready founds 

in thought sagacious ; 

he patiently awaited^ 

though to him the band of fiends 

death threatened. 

Sometimes to his band^ 

by hunger forced^ 

flew the race of birds, 
10 where they a refuge 

certain founds 

and him prais'd 

with powerful voices. 

Sometimes human 

messengers humbly 

him visited^ 

and there those on journey bent, 

in the glorious plain, 

with that holy servant, 
20 found help, 

soul's comfort. 

None indeed was, 

that he abash*d 


depressed, void of hopes, 

for the holy man 

of every mortal, 

(through that noble power) 

who, afflicted, him 
so sought in need, 

men of spirit sad, 

heal'd both 

body and soul, 

while life's Guardian 

2. MS. ^eapene. 

19. MS. feopou. 




ece aelnuhcij* 
unnan polbe* 
'psRt he blsebej* hep* 
bjiucan [mofce]- 
populbe lipef • 
paef jepinnef J>a« 
yjimj^a pojx eop^San- 
]?u]ih nyb-jebal- 
neah jej^jiunjen- [46 A.] 

p)?)>an he on pefcenne. 
pic-eajib jeceaf • 
•pffcynu jeap. 
)>a paef ppoppe jaept. 
eabjum ^bobaii« 
upan onpenbeb- 
hah; op heah]?u* 
hpe]?ep innan bopn* 
apypeb on pop^J-piJ. 
him pa&pinja. 
abl in-jepob- 
he on elne ppa-}7eah* 
unjeblyjeb bab. 
beophtpa ^ehata* 
hlipe in bupjum* 
paej* pBxa ban-copan* 
aeptep niht-jlome- 
neah ^ej^punjen* 
bpeopt-hopb 6nbopen. 
paep pe bh)>a jae|t;. ao 

pup on pop*8-pej. 
nolbe paebep enjla* 
m l^ippe ponpaeljan. 
populbe hpe. 


eternal, almighty, 

would grant 

that he existence here 

might enjoy, 

worldly life. 

Was of his labour then, 

of afflictions, for earth 

the final day, 

through inevitable separation, 

near at hand. 

Aftet* he in the waste 

had a dwelling chosen 

fifteen years, 

then was the spirit of comfort 

to the blessed preacher 

sent from above, 

holy from heaven. 

His spirit burn'd within, 

bent on departure ; 

him suddenly 

disease invaded, 

he with courage still, 

with unchanged hue awdted 

the bright behests, 

blithe in his dwelling-place : 

he was in body, 

after nightly gloom, 

sorely oppressed, 

his heart enfeebled ; 

the kind spirit was 

eager for departure ; 

the Father of angels would not, 

in this unhappy 

worldly life. 

4. mojr^e is supplied from conjecture. 



leahcjia leaj^ne* 
Ion J FJTirt ofeji );aet- 
punian leton* 
]?e him on peopcum heji 
on hi]* bajena cib* 
ba&bii jecpembe- 
ebie unflape* 
%a ye selmihtija* 
let hip honb cuman. 
l^aeji pe halja J^eop* 
beojimob on bejle- 
bom-eabi; Imb* 
heapb ^ hyje-pop. 
hyht p«p jenipab. 
bhp in bpeo]Tu- 
fsey pe ban-copa* 
able onseieb* 
in benbum paejt* 
lic-hopb onlocen* 
leomu hepejebon- 
papum jepohte. 
he f po^J ;;;ecneop- 
yxt hine aelmihci;* 
upan neopabe* 
meotub pope milcpum- 
he hip mob-pepan- 
ytS yam paep-ha^an* 
paepce cpymebe. 
peonba jepinna* 
nap he popht pe-|?eah. 
ne peo abKj^pacu* 
enjle on mobe* 
ne bealS-jebal. 
ac him bpyhmep lop* 

him void of sins, 

a long space beyond that, 

let remain, 

who him by his works here, 

in his days' time, 

by deeds, had pleas'd^ 

by Aw active courage. 

When the Almighty 

let his hand come 
to where the holy servant, 

the beloved, in obscurity, 

the powerful, dwelt^ 

firm and rcnown'd, 

hope was renew'd, 

bliss, in Avs breast : 

his body was 

with disease inflamed, 

in bonds fast, 

his frame relax'd, 
70 his limbs wax'd heavy, 

sorely afflicted ; 

he that truly knew, 

that him the Almighty 

from above had visited, 

the Lord in his mercies ; 

he his mind 

against the peril 

firmly strengthen 'd 

of the fiends' hostilities ; 
30 yet was he not afraid, 

nor the disease's force 

oppressive to his soul, 

nor deathly separation, 

for the Lord's praise 

s. r. Istan. 

8 MS. hcelmihtija. 

32. enje? ejle. — K. 



bojin in bjieoftum* 
bponb-hat lujni* 
pjoji-peft in fepan- 
]*eo hiin fajia ^ehpylc- 
fymle jiojijji'Sebe. 
naej- hiin fojij-ceapu- 
on \f3Y laenan tib- 
|?eah hi J- he *] ja&jt- 
hypa j'om-pijt^- 
pn-hipan tu- 
beope jebaeleb- 
bajap pop^S-j'cpibun. 
niht-helma ^^nipu- 
p«f neah feo tib- 
J?Kt he pypn-jepyjiht. 
pyllan pceolbe. 
|?uph bea^ej- cyme* 
bom^]* hleocan* 
epie pday ilcan J'e* 
uj-j'e ylbpan pypn. 
pjiecne onpen^on* 
fpa him bijropan pophton 
^BL »pe]ran« 
aelba cynnep :• 

burn'd in his breast, 

brand-hot love 

triumphant in his mind, 

which his every pain 

constantly o'ercame. 

To him no anxious sorrovr was 

at this fading time, 

though his body and spirit 

their union 
10 (the two companions 
[47 aJ] dear) should part. 

Days pass'd on, 

the darkness of the clouds of night ; 

the time was near 

that he his former deeds 

should close, 

through death's coming, 

judgment share, 

even the same that 
20 our parents of old 

harsh received, 

as they before had wrought, 

the first 

of the race of men. 


Da pa&f ju"81ace. 
on )7a jeocpan tib< 
mae^en jemeiSjab- 
mob fpi]>e heapb* 
elnej' anhybij- 
psBf feo abl ]?eapl* 


Then was Guthlac's 
(at that grievous time) 
strength impair'd, 
his mind very firm, 
in courage steadfast ; 
the disease was violent. 

11. ^ebaelbon? 



hat *] heojio spun* 

hot, and intensely fierce 

hpe)7e]i muan peol* 

his heart was hot within^ 

bojm ban-loca* 

his body burned : 

bjiyf^en paef on^nnen* 

the cup was prepar'd, 

]?»tte abame* 

which for Adam 

eue jebyjimbe- 

Eve brew'd, 

aet jrpuman pojiulbe* 

at the world's beginning. 

feonb byjilabe- 

The fiend gave to drink 

apejt l^aepe ibej-e- 

first to the woman^ 

3 heo abame* 

10 and she to Adam^ 

hyjie jjaepim pepe- 

her own consort, 

p)^)^an j'cencte. 

afterwards pour'd out 

bit:t(>|i baebe-pej. 

the bitter cup. 

Jwj- )?a bype fi|>|>an- 

for which the children since 

^umme onpilbon* 

cruelly have paid 


the tax. 

Jmjih aep-jepyjihc 

for that deed of old ; 

]^tte aenij ne peep 

so that there was not any 

pyjia cynnep. 

of the race of men^ 

iqiom ppuman piSiSan* 

90 from the beginning since. 

mou on molban- 

no man on earth. 

\fddtxe meahte him- 

that might himself 

^ebeoji^n ^ bibu^an- 

secure, and avoid 

)H)n6 bleatan bjiync- 

the livid drink 

beopau bea'S-pejep. 

of the deep deadly cup, 

ac him bupu pylpa- 

but to him the door itself, 

on )>a phlSnan tib* 

at that baleful time, 

pona oncyne'S. 

forthwith uncloseth. 

m-jonj ^^openalS* 

entrance openeth. 

ne mae; aeni; |?am« 

30 Not any may. 

plaepce biponjen- 

with flesh invested, 

peope pi^pconban- 

death withstand. 

picpa ne heanpa* 

high nor low. 

ac hme paepe^ on- 

but he on him rusheth 

4. hjiyyen ? 

6. Lit. harmed. S6. r. jf]f 




[47 A.] 

^if^jium jjiapum* 

rpa paej- ju'Slace* 

enje anho^a* 

set pyhte J^a* 

ajztep nihc-j'cuan* 

neah jej^ybeb. 

pija pael-pFpe- 

hine punabe mib- 

an ombeht-j^ejn- 

ye hine aejhpylce. 

baja neofabe. 

On^an iSa beop-hybij 

jleap-mob jonjari* 

CO Grobep cemple. 

]78Bp he e|>el-boban* 

inne pipfce. 

]?one leofejran* 

lajieop jecopenne* 

T )?a in-eobe* 

eabjum to j-ppaecc 

polbe hyjicni^an* 

hal^e]* lajia* 

milbef me)'el-q>iba- 

ponbe ]7a hi]* mon-bpyhten« 


him "Sset in-^ejieoL 

hep3 set heoptan* 

hyje-popje psej. 

micle mob-ceape« 

ODjan ]7a hip maju ppi^nan* so 

hu jepeapiS )>e J?up. 

pine-bpyhten mm- 

pebep ppeonba hleo- 


neappe jenaejeb. 

ic naeppe ^e- 


with greedy grasps. 

So was to Guthlac, 

the close recluse, 

regularly then, 

after shade. of nighty 

nearly associated 

the slaughter-greedy warrior. 

With him dwelt " 

one disciple, 

who him on each 

day visited : 

resolv'd then thoughtful, 

prudent, to go 

to God's temple, 

where he the land's apostle 

knew to be within, 

the dearest 

chosen teacher | 

and then euter'd, 

for speech with the blessed man. 

He would hearken to 

the doctrines of the holy one, 

the kind one's discourses i 

found then his master 

with sickness weary ; 

him that struck 

heavy at heart, 

sorrow he bare, 

great mental care : [ask : 

he began then his companion to 

^ How hast thou thus become, 

my friend and master, 

my father, refuge of his friends, 

in soul afflicted, 

sorely assail'd ? 

I thee never. 




peoben leopefta- 
J^yj'licne aeji. 
jemette )?uf meSne* 
meaht ]?u me'Sel-cpibum 
po|iba ^epealban* 
ly me on pene 2e]mhc- 
]78et ]?e untpymne]** 
able jonjum* 
on l^iffe nyhftan* 
nihc byfjabe. 
fap-bennum jej'ohc. 
Jwet me fopjna if. 
hatoft on hpe]?pe- 
aep ]m hy^e mmne- 
yepS appeppe- 
pajt J?u ppeo«b}iyhten- 
hu )?eop able pcylc 
enbe ^epettan. 
)>mi y^L PI'S oncpseiS* 
pona ne meahce* 
opoiJ up-jeteon* 
psep him inbojen. 
bittop ban-co)^. 
bealb peopbabe* 
eabi; on elne* 
icpip ajeap. 
ic pille pecjan* 
f me ]*ap jehpan* 
paepc m-jepob. 
in %]7e ponnan niht* 
lic-hopb onleac* 
leomu hepe^a'S. 
]*apum 3e)x>hte. 
]*ceal piy papel*h(ip- 
paeje plaepc-homa* 
polb-aepne b])?eaht« 

dearest lord^ 

in this guise before 

have found, thus feeble ; 

could'st thou in discourse 

words command ? 

To me from conjecture it seems, 

that thee infirmity, 

through fits of disease, 

in this last 
10 night hath afflicted, 

sought thee with painful wounds : 

that is to me of sorrows 

hottest at heart, 

ere thou my mind, 

my soul shalt comfort. 

Knowest thou^ beloved master, 

how of this disease shall 

an end be set ? ' 

Him he then slowly address'd, 
00 he could not instantly 

his breath draw up, 

fixed in him was 

a bitter malady : 

boldly he spake, 

happy in courage 

answer gave : 

* I will say, 

that me pain hath touch 'd, 

suffering invaded, 
30 in this dusk night, 

my body relaxed ; 

my limbs wax heavy, 

sorely visited. 

This soul-house must, 

this fated fleshly covering, 

in its earth'dwelling deck'd, 
M 2 




leomu-Iame]* jej^acan* 

lejeji-bebbe jraejt;. 

punian pael-paefte* 

pija neal»ce%« 

unlaet lacep • 

ne hvS )?aef lenjpa fpice. 


J?on feopon-niht* 

jyp ft- jemeapcej' • 

f min ].*eoph heonan* 

on J^ijje eahte)mn* 

enbe jepeceiS. 

baej fcjiij^enoe- 

|?on dojoji beo^S. [48 a.] 

on molb-peje* 

min pop^S-pqiiJ^en- 

ropj jerpe«pab. 

3 ic ]*i]?)^an moc- 

pope meofcubep cneopuni* 

meopba hleocan« 
5in5pa jeapena. 
^ jobep lombep- 
in pn-bpeamuni- 
pi]7}^an apo* 
pop^S polpan* 
ij' nu pup "Bibep. 
jaejt pi)>ep jeopn- 
nu J?u jeappe conpc- 
leoma lip-^ebai* 
Ion J ip piy on bib* 
"Ba paep pop *] heap* 
jeonjum jeocop j'epa* 
jeompenbe hyje- 



with covering of clay, 

fast in its bed, 

remain in deadly rest. 

7%e warrior approacheth, 

not slow of duty ; 

evasion will not longer be of this 

soul -separation 

than seven nights 

of space, 

so that ray life hence, 

on this eighth 

passing day, 

its end will seek : 

then will be my day 

on earth's way 

forth departed, 

my sorrow still'd, 

and I may after, 

before the knees of my Creator, 

share the rewards, 

the young gifts, 

and the Lamb of God, 

in joys eternal, 

ever after 

follow forth. 

Now is bent thither 

my soul yearning for its journey; 

now thou well perceivest 

my limbs' decease ; 

long is this tarrying 

of worldly life/ 

Then was widl and sighing 

to the young man, his spirit sad, 

his soul grieving, 

1. 12 and 13 are transposed in the translation. 




yiypSLQ he ^ehyjibe* 

)wt ye halja p»]*- 

poji^ppey puf . 

he l^aBf psep-fpelle]*- 

pope hif mon-bjiyhtne- 

mob-fojije pa^. 

hep^e »t heopt:an- 

hjiej'ep innan f peajic 

hyje hpeop-ceapij* 

Jwp |>e [he] hip hlapopb jepeah 


he 'pxy onbsepu- 

habban ne meahte* 

ac he hate let- 

topn )K)kenbe* 

teajiap ^eotan* 

peallan pae^-bjiopan* 

p^b ne meahte 

in p8e;;^m lenj* 

jreop; jehealban* 

beope ppaetpe* 

]H)n him jebemeb psep :• 


when he heard^ 

that the holy man was 

on departure bent ; 

he for this sad discourse, 

for his master^ 

mental sorrow bare 

heavy at heart ; 

his soul darkened within, 

his mind was sorrowful, 

for that he saw his lord 

on departure bent : 

he for this resignation 

might not have, 

but he let hot 

(trouble suffering) 

tears fall^ 

wave-drops roll. 

Fate might not 

in the destin'd longer 

life preserve, 

the dear treasure^ 

than had to him been doom'd. 

Onjeat ;»pta hah;* 
jeomop mobep- 
bpupenbe hyje 
onjan )^a bupi]?a hleo- 
jLeb-mob ^obe leop» 
-^eonjpan pecan* 


TTie holy in soul felt, 

sad of mind, 

his sinking spirit ; 

began then the refuge of the good, 

joyful, dear to God, 

to the youth to recount. 

JO. he 11 added to complete the sense. S3, r. jaer^e. 25. r. b/iujenbnc. 



pine leofcfcan. 
pojibum nejan* 
ne beo |>u unjiot- 
^eah ]?eof abl me* 
innan »le* 
nif me eapjieiSe. 
to 2e]H)lianne- 
]?eobnef piUan* 
bjiyhtnef mine]** 
ne ic ^dBy bea'Sep ha):a 
on ]^]' feocnan tib* 
j'ojije on mobe* 
ne ic me hepe-hlo'Se* 
helle j^ejna* 
j'pi'Se onptce- 
ne m«j pynne on me. 
jiacnep ppum-beapn* 
pypene jej'taelan. 
licep leahtoji- 
ac m hje pceolon. 
pojij-pylmu poben- 
ppaec-p^J pepan- 
pilna bij'cipebe. 
in ]?am bea$-]*ele« 
bupiiSa jehpylcpe. 
lupena *] lirra* 
mm J^set leope beapn* 
ne beo ]?u on p ejian to 
ic eom pij^ej' pup- 
up eapb iiiman* 
ebleanan ^eopn* 
in ]?am ecan jepean- 
jej'eon jijopa ppean. 


his dearest friend 
in words address ; 
^ Be thou not sad, 
though me this disease 
burneth within ; 
it is not hard for me 
to undergo 

the will of the Supreme, 
of my Lord, 
nor for death have I, 
at this sick time, 
care in mind, 

nor do I myself for the band 
of heirs ministers 
greatly afflict. 
May not sin to me 
the firstborn of fraud, 
or crime impute, 
vice of body ; 
[48 b."] but they in flame must, 
21 in grievous fires sodden, 
sorely wail, 
exile weep, 
from desires cut off, 
(in the death-hall,) 
from every good, 
love and kindness. 
My beloved child, 
peoc* be thou not in mind too sad ; 

30 I on my way am hastening, 

to take a dwelling-place on high, 

desirous of reward, 

in that eternal joy, 

for my former works, — 

to see the Lord of triumphs. 

1 ) . jreocau ? 



mm f ipmye beajm* 
nif me pjiacu ne jepn 
f ic pulbjief job. 
rece fpejel-cymnj- 
^Bdji If pb 3 bbf- 
bompasftjia bjieam* 
bpyhten ;]peapb* 
y^m ic seojme* 
m J^f bpeopjan tib. 
bsebu cpembe* 
mobe ^ maepie* 
ic ]ni meopbe pat- 
lean unhpilen* 
hah J on heahjni- 
)>aep mm hyht m^neS- 
CO jepecenne. 
)*apul punbaiS* 
op hc-]:ate- 

to ]?am Ionian jepean- 
m eab-pelan* 
nip l^ep ej>el me. 
ne pap ne popj« 
ic me j^lpum pat* 
aeptep hcej* hpype* 
lean mihpilen* 
iSa pe pulbop-maja* 
popba jeptilbe. 
pop pun-pita* 
psep him paepte neob* 
pobop ppamobe* 
opep miSiSa beapn- 
niht-pim pcpibon- 


My dear son, 

to me it is not exile nor a£9iction, 

that I the Ood of glory 

seek^ the King of heaven, 

where is peace and bliss, 

joy of the exalted, 

the Lord present, 

whom I have earnestly, 

with ghostly mysteries, 

in this darksome tide, 

with deeds propitiated^ 

with mind and strength. 

I the reward know 

to be faultless^ 

a lasting recompense, 

holy on high ; 

there my hope thinketh 

to visit, 

my soul tendeth 

from its body 

to that lasting joy, 

into happiness. 

This land has not for me 

pain or sorrow ; 

I for myself know, 

after my body's fall, 

a lasting recompense/ 

Then the illustrious man 

ceased from words, 

the sage renown'd, 

he had need of rest^ 

tired in spirit. 

Heaven floated 

over the sons of men, 

a term of nights had pass'd 

23. MS. in s^ab pelan. 





beojic oj:ep bujej^um- 

)>a ]-6 bae; bicpom- 

on )>Bia fe lij^enba- 

m bc-hofnan> 

ece slmihtij- 

mfuyc jeppemebe- 

bpyhten mib bjieame- 

'Sa he op bealSe a]taf - 

ODpealb op eop^San- 

in t>a eafcop-tib. lo 

ealpa ]>j»^ma ]^ym. 

iSpeata msBptne' 

CO beofonS ab6f • 

^ he ):jiO[D helle afisj* 

rpa re eabja pep. 

in ^ee]>elan cib> 

on {rane beophcan biej- 

bhjjum hpemij- 

milbe •} jemetpeft- 

msejen unfopce- ao 

eine jcBEFnbe- [49 o.] 

apaj- iSa eopla pynn- 

heapb hj^e pnoccop- 

j-pa he hpa^fC meahcs' 

meSe poji ^am miclan by]'ju- 

onjon }>a hip mob jta|>ehan- 

leobte jeleapan. 

lac onptejbe- 


bpyhcne CO pillan> so 


in jobep cemple. 

•J hip Jwjne onjon- 

j-pa ])am ]»eobne jepar- 

dark o'er iiiaiikiod, 

when the day came, 

on which the Living, 

(in body) 

Eternal, Almighty, 

his reaurrection accomplish'd, 

the Lord with joy, 

when he from death arose, 

with power from earth, 

in the Eaater-tide, 

ife. Majesty of all majestieH, 

a band innumerable 

to heaven rais'd, 

when he from hell ascended. 

So the blessed man, 

at that glorious time, 

on that bright day, 

in bliss exulting, 

mild and temperate, 

his hard exertions 

strenuously completed. 

Arose then the delight of men 

severe, of mind sagacious, 

as he quickest might, 

weary from his great afflictions : 

b^^ then his mind to confirm 

with bright belief, 

made hit oblation, 

deeply meditating, 

for his Lord's pleasure, 

on ghostly mysteries, 

in God's temple ; 

and to his servant b^an, 

as was to the master 6tting, 



5ob-fpel bobian* 

f6c;an p^oji-cacnum- 

T hif fej:an tpymman- 

punbjiu to pulbpe- 

in l?a plit;e2an jefceajx. 

to eab-pelan« 

ppa he «ji ne ptS. 

BSfjie to ealbjie- 

o«jie fpylce. 

on Ybj- laenan tib* 

lape jeh^be- 

ne fpa beopLce- 

bpjrhtnep jepyne- 

)ruphmennif cne • 

muiS apeccan* 

on pbum pej^n. 

hun p«r r^J^pa ;e|>uht* 

f hit upancunbep* 

enjlep paepe- 

op ppejl-bpeamum- 

ppi)H)p micle- 

maejen-J^ejnep popb. 

)^nn cenjep monnep lap 

pepa opep eop'San* 

him f punbpa maept 

jepepen )^nhte» 

^ fpylc pnytcpo-cpaBpt* 

aenjep h8ele}'a hep* 

hpe|?ep peapbabe- 

bpyhta beapna* 

p»p |wep beoplic eall. 

popb ^ pipbom- 

;j |wep pepep ptihtun;* 

through the Spirit's grace^ 

the Gospel to preach, 

to say in words triumphant, 

and to confirm his mind, 

wonderously to glory, 

in the beauteous creation, 

to happiness, 

so as he nor ere nor since, 

ever in life, 
10 other such, 

in this fading time, 

doctrine heard, 

nor so deeply 

the mysteries of the Lord, 

through human 

mouth explained, 

to his ample mind ; 

to him it seem'd more truly, 

that it a heavenly 
90 angel's were, 

from the ethereal joys, 

much rather, 

a divine minister's words, 

than the lore of any man, 

of mortals upon earth. 

That to him of wonders greatest 

seem'd to appear, 

that such power of wisdom 

any mortal's here 
30 breast could hold 

of the sons of men, 

so deep were all 

the words and wisdom, 

and the man's foresight. 

3. tacen, lit. sign. 

18. jrofojt? 



mob ^ msB^en-cpsRp:* 
]>e him meotub enjla^ 
jaefta jeocenb* 
popjiepen haepbe :• 

mind and power, 

which to him the Lord of angeln^ 

Saviour of souls 

had given. 

PsBjion peopepe "Sa- 
FOP'S- jepicene. 
baja]* on pime* 
)>8&f j-e bpyhfcnej' [J^^n] 
on elne bab* 
able jebyfjab. 
fapum jefpenceb- 
ue he popje paej- 
jeocopne fepan- 
bpeojujne hyje- 
bea'S nealaecte* 
ptop pcal-jonjum- 
pfcponj 3 hpe^e* 
pohte papel-hup- 
com pe peope^Sa baej. 
selbum *]peapb« 
J^aep pe him m-jeponc* 
hat heoptau neah* 
hilbe pcupum* 
placop plan-]?pacu« 
peoph-hopb onleac* 
peapo- caelum jepoht* 
onjon "Sa pnottop haele 
ap oubeht-)>e;n- 
ae|?elep neopan* 

8. fezn not in the MS., but added from conjecture. 


Were then four 
pass'd forth 
days in number, 
that the Lord's servant 
courageously awaited, 

10 with disease oppress'd, 
sorely afflicted ; 
he bare not in sorrow 
his steadfast mind, 
for his soul's separation, 
a sad spirit. 

Death drew nigh, ^ 

stept with iron strides, j 
[49 bJ] strong and fierce 

sought the soul-house J\ 

20 The seventh day came 
present to mortals 
since that into him sank 
hot, near the heart, 
in hostile showers, 
the roving arrow's force, 
life's treasury unlock'd, 
visited with guileful keys. 
Went then the prudent man, 
his disciple, early, 

ao the noble one to visit. 


34. MS. jcujiun. 



CO )^am hal^an hope* 

ponb |>a hhnsenbne- 

j:u]7ie on fop'8-p]?. 

jrpean unpemne- 

jaeft halijne* 

in jobef temple* 

j'oben faji-pylmum. 

Paef ]?a phfte tib. 

on mibne bae;* 

psef hif mon-bpyhcne- lo 


aet jiyhce J?a. 

neajipum jensejeb- 


apjiecen pael-pilum* 

plo ne meahte* 

ojioS up-jeceon* 


hleol^op ahebban. 

Onjon "Sa hyje jeomop* » 

ppeopij T ):ep«.pepij. 

pipie jpetan. 

me^ne mob-jlfiebne* 

baeb bine ]?uph mihta fcyppenb* 

pp he hip popb-cpiba- 

pealban meahce* 

rppaece ahebban- 

^xt hrni on ppeDum jecjrSbe. 

onppije popba jonpim- 

hu he hip pipna tpupabe- so 

bpohtep on iSeepe bimman able* 

aepSon hine bea'S onpse^be* 
him j*e eabja pep- 
ajeap ^jyape. 

4. MS. unpenne. 

at that holy house : 

found there reclining, 

bent on departiure, 

his blameless master, 

the holy spirit, 

in God's temple, 

vexed with painful burnings. 

It was the sixth hour, 

at mid-day, 

to his lord it was 

his final day. 

Rightly then, 

painfully assail'd 

with inevitable trials, 

with darts of death afflicted, 

the high of soul could not 

his breath draw up, 

his powerful speech, 

his voice raise. 

He then sad in mind resolv'd, 

trembling and soul-weary, 

the departing one to greet, 

weary, yet glad in spirit ; 

besought him by the Creator of 

if he his words [miracles, 

could command, 

his speech raise, [show, 

that he in discourses to him would 

reveal in course of words, 

how he in his morals trusted, 

his life-course, in that hidden 

ere that him death sacrificed. 
To him the blessed man 
gave answer, 

16. plonc ne? MS. plone. 



leop mon leopum- 

peah he late meahte- 

eopl ellen-heajib* 

ope)?e jebjieban* 

min ptet fpsepe beapn* 

nij' nu rpijw jzeop. 

]?am yteine]t;an< 



pxt %u ysL nyhftan ]*cealc* 

m pojiulb-hpe* 

popba minpa* 

nsejirpe leana bilopen« 

lape jehypan- 

nohc lonje opep j^jp- 

laepc ealle pell* 

paepe ^ pinepcype. 

popb )^ pit pppsecon- [50 

leopaft manna* 

naeppe ic lupan pbbe* 

peoben aet J^appe* 

pme poplaece* 


beo l?u on pS jeapu. 

p\iip3n lie 3 leomu* 

T J>er lipep jaBfC. 


pompipt hypa. 

J^uph peopj-jebal. 

pyp septep )?on. 

)?8ec Jm jepecje. 

ppeoj'Cop minpe- 

]?aepe leope)t:an* 

on lonjne pej- 

21. feobnej l>eappe ? 
30. jpep? 

the beloved man to the beloved^ 
though he but slowly could^ 
the energetic man^ 
draw breath : 
* My dear son, 
'tis now not very far 
to the utmost 
final day 

of inevitable separation, 
10 when thou the last shalt, 
in worldly life, 
from my words 
(never of rewards depriv'd) 
instruction hear : 
Not long after this^ 
fulfil well all 

our covenant and friendship, 
a.] the words that we have spoken, 

dearest of men ; 
90 never I My love of my kin, 
for thj/ master's need, 
wiU permit 
to languish : 

be thou for journey ready, 
when body and limbs, 
and this spirit of life 

their fellowship 
through death : 
30 go after this, 

that thon may'st say 
to my sister 
the most beloved, 
ou a long way, 

23. ajponian? 
34. 1. 2. p. 173 should be read before ibis. 



to ]?am pejjian jejieaii' 

j:oji'8-p^ minue- 

on ecne eapb* 

;j hype eac jecyS. 

popbum minum* 

f ic me papnabe- 

hype onpyne. 

ealle j'paje* 

in populb-bpe* 

popBy ic pilnobe* 

)^8et pie line ept* 

m l^aiu ecan ^epean* 

on fpejl-pulbpe. 

jepeoii mojTim* , 

pope onpyne. 

ecep beman- 

leahcpa leape* 

)^»p pceal lupu uncep* 

pseppsepc punian* 

y?eji pit pilna a- 

in "Ssepe beophtan bypi;* 

bpucan motun* 

eabep mib enjlum* 

in hjTie eac pa^a* 

f heo ]np ban-paet* 

beopje bipaejre. 

lame biluce- 

be oppaple* 

m )7eoptop-copan- 

YdSfi hit J'paje pceal* 

m ponb-hope* 

p)^]nm punian. 

Da peapiS mob-jej^anc* 

miclum jebifjab* 

to the fair joy, 

my departure 

to an eternal dwelling, 

and to her eke make known, 

in my words, 

that I myself denied 

her presence, 

at all times, 

in worldly life, 
10 for that I desir'd 

that we again each other 

in the eternal joy, 

in heavenly glory, 

might see, 

before the face 

of the eternal Judge, 


where our love shall 

faithful continue, 
ao where we our wishes ever, 

in the bright city, 

may enjoy, 

happiness with angels. 

Thou to her also say, 

that she this bone-case 

to the tomb commit, 

with clay inclose 

this soulless body 

in its dark chamber ; 
90 there it shall a while, 

in its earth-house 

after remain.' 

Then was the mind 

greatly moved. 

28. MS* on faple. 




l^peam j:opj?pycceb. 

}?uph Jwf J^eobnef popb- 


'pa he aebpe oncneop- 

j.'pean peoph-jebal- 

f hit yeoji ne p«j'- 


on^on J?a opoptbce. 

CO hi]* pine-bpyhtne- 

popbum mserSlan* 

ic pec halp^e* 

haelej'a leojiojt:- 

pimena cynnep. 

|?uph jaepta peapb* 

pBdt pu hyje-popje. 

heoptan minpe- 

jeej^e eopla pyn* 

nip pe enbe peop* 

}?»]* I^e ic on ^albpum- 

onpeten haebbe- 

opc mec jeomop-pepa. 

jebj'a jemanobe- 

hat aet heoptan* 

hyje jnopnenbe. [50 i.] 

nihtep neappe* 

•] IC naeppe pe» 

paebep ppopop min* 

ppipian boppte* 

pymle ic jehypbe. 

]?on heoponep ^un* ao 

pyn-conbel pepa- 

pept onhylbe. 

j'pejl-beophc punnc 

ped-jonjep puj*. 


with afflictions press'd, 

through his lord's words, 

of the disciple ; 

then at once he knew, 

that his master's death 

was not far, 

his final day. 

Then b^an he quickly 

to his friend and master 

in words to speak : 

* I thee beseech, 

dearest of men, 

of human race, 

by the Guardian of spirits, 

that thou the sorrow 

of my heart 

alleviate, delight of men ! 

Thy end is not far off, 

from what by thy forebodings I 

have understood. 

Oft me my sad spirit, 

my soul, hath monish'd, 

hot at heart, 

my sorrowing mind, 

by night oppress'd, 

and I never thee, 

father, my comfort, 

durst question : 

I have always heard 

when heaven's gem, 

men's joyous candle, 

westward declin'd, 

the heaven-bright sun, 

hast'ning to setting. 

32. seli)>u? 



on »j:en-tib. 
oJ?e)ine mib J?ec- 
J^ejn set jej^eahce* 
ic Jwf }?eobnef popb. 
apej' uncupey* 
op: neoj'enbef • 
ba^-poman bitpeon* 
^ )wpe beopcan nibt- 
mej?el-q>ibe maecjef • 
"3 on mopjne fpa- 
onjeat ^eomop mob* 
jaeftef fppaece* 
jleapef in jeapbum* 
hupu ic pet ne pat* 
sep \ni me jrpea min* 
pipj^op cyiSe* 
J'uph q>ibe J'lnne* 
hponan hif cyme pnbon :< 


at even-tide^ 
with thee another 
minister in council ; 
I this lord's words, 
this miknown messenger's, 
oft visiting theey 
between the rush of day, 
and the dark night, 
thy friend's discourse, 
and so at mom, 
have heard, sad in mind, 
a spirit's speech 
wise, in the dwelling ; 
but yet I know not, 
ere thou me, my master, 
further declarest, 
through thy saying, 
whence his coming is/ 

©a pe eabja pep. 

a^eap "jppape* 

leopum aeptep lonjpe hpile< 

fpa he late meahte- 

elnep uncy^Sij* 

ope}^e jepealban* 

hp»t l^u me pme mm* 

popbum na^eft* 

pipie ppijnejt* 

l^aep |?e ic pupj'um aep. 

seppe on ealbpe* 


Then the blessed man 
20 gave answer 

to his friend, after long while, 

as he slowly could 

(of strength devoid) 

his breath command : 

* Verily thou me, my friend, 

in words addressest, 

me departing askest, 

that of which I indeed before, 

ever in life. 

1. MS. haepen. 

18. jy 

ir 9 






aenpim ne polbe- 

monna opep molban- 

melba peop'San- 

}?ejne on j^eohe* 

butan \fe nifSa- 

py laef J^aet punbpeban* 

pepaj* -J ihefa* 

"J on jealS ^ucan* 

pebbum msBnben* 

bi me lip^enbum* 

hupu ic nolbe fyl}:* 

]mph jielp-cpibe 

jajrej- mine]-- 

iqioppe jelettan* 

ue j.'sebep mrnef • 

aeppe jeaepnan* 

aebylj jobep. 

fymle me onfenbe- 

pje-bpyhten mm* 

polca jreoph-pepa* 

fiJ'J'an ic puptmm on^on- 

on \fone aeptepan* 

anfelb bujan* 

jeap-jemeapcef • 

jaejt: hali^ne* 

enjel upancunbne- 

ye mec epna ^ehpam* 

meaht^j meotubef J'ejn- 

"3 on mopjne epc. 

pjopjaejt jefohte. [51 a.] 

"3 me j-apa jehpylc« 

^ehaelbe hyje j'opjc 

"J me m hpej?pe bileac* 

pulbpef pil-boba- 



would not to any 

man on earth 

be the narrator, 

any mortal in the nation, 

save to thee now, 

lest thereat should wonder 

men and women, [streets, 

and should pour it forth into the 

in their talk mention it, 

during my life ; 

at least I would not myself, 

through vaunting speech, 

ray spirit's 

comfort hinder, 

nor of my Father 

ever suffer 

the anger, of my God. 

Always to me sent 

my glorious Lord, 

Giver of life to people, 

(after I had first begun 

in this second 

hermitage to dwell, 

a year's space) 

a holy spirit, 

an angel from above, 

who me each evening, 

{a mighty minister of the Lord) 

and again at morn, 

glorious, sought, 

and my every pain 

heal'd, each mental sorrow, 

and in my breast cnclos'd 

{the messenger of glory) 

9. Lit. in songs — jeh^m? 

10. no alliteration with 1. 11. 



pifbomef jiej:e- 

the gift of wisdom, 

micle moni^jiealbpan* 

by much more manifold 

);6n aeni; mon- 

than any man 

pite in bj:e hep. 

may know here in life, 

pe me alypeb ni)-. 

which it is not allow'd me 

to jecyf^eune. 

to make known 

q>icpa aen^um- 

to 'any living 

on folb-peje* 

on earth's way. 

jrijia cynnep. 

of the race of men ; 

f me ne meahte* 

10 so that from me might not 

monna aen];- 

any man 



hp»t he beajininja* 

what he secretly 

on hyje hojbe- 

in his mind meditated, 

heoptan ^ej'oncum- 

in his heart's thoughts. 

p}>)7an he me jiojie eajum* 

after that he before my eyes 

onjyne peap^* 

became \isible. 

a ic on mobe ma^* 

Ever I in mind have hidden. 

monna jehpylcne. 

from every man. 

J^eobnef )7pym-cyme. 

90 the glorious coming of the angel, 

oiS Jyipne baej. 

until this day. 

leopapt monna- 

dearest of men ! 

nu ic pop lupan J^mpe* 

Now I for thy love. 

"3 jepeppcype. 

and for the fellowship. 

}m5C pic pypn mib unc- 

which we of old together 

lonje laej'tan* 

long have evinced. 

nelle ic laetan }?e* 

I will not let thee 

a^ppe unpotne* 

ever sad. 

aeptep ealbop-leje. 

after my death. 

me^ne mob-peocne- 

ao faint, sick in mind 

mmpe ^epeop^an- 


poben pop^-p^lmum* 

afflicted with care-burnings ; 

a ic pibbe pij? )?e. 

ever I peace towards thee 

healban pille* 

will hold. 

4. MS. hj;er. 





nu op hpe|?ep-locan- 

to J^am foj^an jepeaii* 

fapel jzunba'S* 

luf feo tib lacu* 

cybjia^ }nf ban-paec* 

jpeot-hopb ^nopna^* 

jseft hine pyj'e^. 

on ecne jeapb* 

uc-fij7ef jeopn- 

on fellan jepetu. 

nu ic fpilSe eom- 

peopce jepepjab. 

•5a CO J^m paje jepaj- 

heapelan onbylbe> 

hypbe J^a jena- 

ellen on mnau* 

opolS ftunbum teah* 

mae^ne mobi;* 

him oj: mu«e cpom- 

rpecca fpecajt. 

ppylce on pumepef tib- 

ftinca'S on ptopum* 

ptaJTelum paepte- 

pynnum aeptep pon^um- 

pypca jeblopene* 

hum j-plopenbe • 

ppa J^aep haljan paep- 

onblonjne baej* 

op aepen pop*S. 

opo'b up-hlaeben* .- 

Jm pe 8e|?ela jlaem* ^51 6.] 

petl-jonj pohte. 

jT^eapc noplS-pobop* 

pon unbep polcnum* 

populb mipte opep-teah*| 

35. r. 



Now, from my breasts' enclosure, 

to the true joy 

my soul tendeth, 

the time is not slow ; 

this bone-case groweth weak, 

this dust-heap sorroweth, 

my soul hasteneth 

to an eternal mansion, 

desirous of its exit 

to better dwellings : 

now I greatly am 

with pain exhausted.' 

Then to the wbU he sank, 

his head inclin'd, 

yet retain'd 

his strength within ; 

his breath from time to time he 

in power bold : [drew, 

from his mouth came 

of odours sweetest, 

such as in summer's tide 

fragrance send forth in places, 

fast in their stations, 

joyously o'er the plains, '*^ 

blown plants, 

honey-flowing ; 

80 was this holy man*Sy 

the livelong day, 

until even forth, 

breath drawn up. 

When the noble gleam 

its setting sought, 

darken'd the northern firmament, 

dusk amid clouds, 

o'er veil'd the world with mist, 




J^yj-qium bi)^ahte. 
I^ponj nihc opeji* 
tiht-lonbej' pjiaetpa* 
'Sa cpom leohta mas]^* 
hah J op heopnum- 
haebpe jxinan* 
beojihc ojiep bupj-j^alu- 
bab j'e pe fceolbe* 
eabi; on elne* 
appecen psel-)t:|i8elum* 
pulbpef )*ciiiia- 
ae]^Ie ymb »]?ehie- 
^lonje niht. 
j'can fcip-pepeb. 
fcabu fpej^ebon. 
colyfeb unbep lyyte* 
paef fe leohta jlaem* 
ymb ysec halje huf • 
heoponlic conbel* 
ppom sepen-jlome* 
oj'jwt eaftan cpom* 
opep beop-^elab* 
ba^peb poma- 
pebep-t:acen peapm- 
apap pe pulbop-majo* 
eabij elnep jemynbij. 
pppaec CO hip onbeht-J^ejne. 
topht CO hi]* qieopum ^epj^e 
cib ip f }?u pepe. 
^ ^ sepenbu- 
eai bi]>ence- 
opejtnim laebe* 
ppa ic pe aep bibeab* 
lac to leoppe- 
nu op hce i]** 

with darkness cover'd, 

when night clos'd over 

the cultur'd land's adornments ; 

then came of lights the brightest, 

holy from heaven, 

serenely shining, 

bright o'er the city-dwellings. 

Awaited he who must, 

happy in courage, 
10 his final day, 

harassed with darts of death. 

^ light of glory 

noble about the noble, 

the livelong night, 

shone brightly soft, 

the shadows disappeared, 

dissolv'd amid the air. 

The light gleam was 

around that holy house, 
90 the heavenly candle, 

from even-gloom, 

till from the east there came 

o'er the deep way, 

the rush of dawn, 

a warm weather-token. 

Arose the glorious man, 

happy, mindful of fortitude, 

spake to his disciple, [rade: 

th' illustrious to his faithful com- 
30 'Time is that thou goest, 

and the errands 

all bear in mind ; 

with speed conduct, 

as I before commanded thee, 

the gift to my dear sister : 

now from its body is, 
N 2 



job-bpeama jeopn- 
j»ft fpiiSe fuf • 
^op )>a hif honba- 
hufle jepeopbeb. 
ea^mob }?y asj^elan jyfle- 
j-pylce he hip eajan oncynbe- 
halje heajibep jimmap. 
bifeah ]?a co heopona pice* 
jlsebmob to jeopona leanum« 
•j J?a hif jaejt onj-enbe- lo 

peopcum pbcij^ne. 
m pulbpep bpea:* 

yearning for joys divine, 

my spirit hastening rapidly/ 

Rais'd then his hands, 

with tK eucharist refreshed, 

the humble, with the noble food, 

also he his eyes unclos*d, 

Ms head's holy gems, 

look'd then to heaven's realm, 

glad to the rewards of grace, 

and then his spirit sent, 

by its works beauteous, 

into the joy of glory. 


Da paep ju'Slacep. 
5»jt jelaebeb. 
on up-p^e. 
enjlap pepebon- 
to ]?am Ionian jepean 
he colobe- 
bekpb unbep lypte. 
iSa |?8ep leohta j'can- 
beama beophtapt* 
eal paet beacen paep* 
ymb ]?»t halje hup- 
heoponlic leoma* 
ppom polban up- 
ppylce pypen top. 
pyht apaepeb* 


[52 a] 

Then was Outhlac's 
spirit led 
on upward way ; 
angels bare him 
to the lasting joy ; 
the corpse grew cold, 
remaining under air. 
Then there shone of lights, 
of beams the brightest, 
all that beacon was, 
around the holy house, 
the heavenly ray, 
up from earth, 
like a fiery tower, 
rightly rear'd 

15. MS. pe^. 

19. belij:en? 

20. MS. leoht: a/can. 





0*8 pobepa hpop* 

jefepen unbep fp^^^* 

]iinnan beophtpa- 

aeJ^eUtunjla plite> 

en^la )?peata]*- 

fije-lecS pinion* 

j'pej peef on ly]A». 

^ehypeb unbep heoponum- 

halijpa bpeam- 

ppa j'e bup;-jt»be paej*. 

bkjjum jefylleb. 

fpetum ftencum. 

^ ppejl-punbpum- 

eabjep ypfe-ptol- 

enjla hleoSpep- 

eal innanpeapb ]raep- 

paep aenhcpa* 

"3 pynpumpa- 

)>dn hit in po]iulbe maeje* 

fcepn apeccan- 

hu pe ptenc "] pe jTej* 

heoponlic hleo}K>p* 

•] pe hal^a ponj. 

jehypeb paep. 

heah-]^ym jobep. 

bpeahcem septep bpeahtme< 

beopobe ya^t ealonb^ 

polb-ponj onj^ponj. 

Da apyphteb peapIS* 

ap elnep bilopen* 

jepat }?a opeptlice. 

beopn unhybij- 

|?aet he bat jeptaj. 

pa^-henjept ppsec- 




unto heaven's roof, 

seen beneath the sky, 

than the sun brighter, 

the aspect of the noble stars. 

Hosts of angels 

a song of triumph sung, 

music was in the air 

heard under heaven, 

the melody of saints* 

So was his habitation 

filled with joys, 

with sweet odours, 

and heavenly wonders, 

the blessed's dwelling-place, 

with angels' sound ; 

all there within 

was more excellent, 

and more pleasant, 

than it in the world may 

voice relate, 

how the fragrance and the melody, 

heavenly sound, 

and the holy song 

were heard, 

high praise of God. 

Moment after moment 

trembled that island, 

rush'd towards the land. 

Then affrighted was 

the messenger, of courage 'reft ; 

departed then most speedily 

the man, unheedfid, 

so that he a boat ascended, 

the wave-horse urged ; 

96. or crash after crash. 

32. MS. anhyt^is. 



p»tep-}nffa }:6p- 

piel unbep fopjum- 

fpejl hate fcan- 

blac opep bup^-falo* 

bpim-pubu fcynbe. 

leoht labe pup* 

laju-meap^ pnypebe. 

jehlflepceb co hy^Se. 

pKt ye h8epn*)dofca- 

septep punb-ple^an* lo 

ponb-lonb jeppeapn- 

jponb piiS 2peote- 

jnopn popje paej. 

hate 9st heoptan* 

hyje jeomupne* 

me«ne mob-pepan. 

pe J?e hip mon-bpyhcen* 

kpe bihbene* 

lapt peapbian- 

pipte pine leopne* 20 

hun ^Y T^V^T ^l^^^Z' 
topne jemonabe* 

ceajop y^um peol- 

hate hleop-bpopan- 

3 on hpej^pe paej* 

micle mob-ceape* 

he J'aepe maeje'S j'ceolbe. 

lace jelsban* 

la* ppel to po*. [52 b.] 

Cpom Jya ppeopij-pep'S. 30 

}m peo paemne p8ep« 

pulbpep pyn-maej. 

he J?a pypb ne ma%* 

paejej' pop^-pfS- 

1. MS. Jxifpa. 
19. Lit. vestigium servare. 

tke water courBer far'd 

quickly under his sorrows, 

the firmament shone hot, 

pale o'er the city-dwellings. 

Hasten'd the ocean-wood 

light, hurrying its course, 

the water-horse sped rapidly, 

laden to the hithe, 

so that the floater of the surge, 

after its ocean-play, 

spurn'd the sandy land, 

ground 'gainst the gravel. 

Sad sorrow bare, 

hot at heart, 

a mournful spirit, 

a weary mind, 

he who his lord, 

from life departed, 

behind remaining 

knew, his beloved friend ; 

him of this a burst of weeping 

sadly reminded, 

tears roll'd in waves, 

hot cheek-drops, 

and in his breast he bare 

great mental care. 

He to the maiden must 

the gift convey, 

th' unwelcome tale too true. 

Came then with trembling soul 

to where the damsel was, 

the noble kinswoman. 

He the event conceal'd not, 

the dying one's departure, 

18. r. belibenne. 

31. >8Pil? 



fUf-lecS ajol. 
pine J'eappenbe- 
3 f popb acpseiS. 
611en bi]^ felajn;* 
l^am ^e optopt pceal* 
bpeojan bjiyli&en-bealu< 
beope beh^^cjan* 
l^poht }>eoben*2ebal* 
^n peo j?pa; cyme's, 
pepen pyjib-ptapum* 
Jwt pafc pe }?e )*ceal* 
appaeman paju^-pep'S* 
pat hip pmc-pepan. 
holbne bihelebne* 
he pceal hean ]N)nan. 
jeomop hpeoppan* 
pBxn hrS jomenep pana- 
iSe ]?a eappelSa* 
optopc bpeoje^. 
on j^apjum pepan« 
hupu ic ppi'Se ne ]^eapp- 
hm-piS behlehhan- 
ip hlapopb min* 
beopna bealbop* 
■] bpoJ>op J^in. 
pe pelejta. 
bi paem cpeonum* 
}^apa l^e pe on en^Ie* 
aeppe ^^ppunen* 
l^uph cilbep hab- 
pimena cynnep- 
to jobep borne* 
pepijpa ppa)ni* 

the death-song sang, 

needing his friend, 

and the word said : 

^ Courage is best 

for those who oftest must 

endure evil extreme^ 

deeply bear m mind 

trouble, his lord's decease, 

when the season cometh 
10 woven by fate's decrees ; 

that knows he who shall 

pine sorrowing of soul^ 

who knows his treasure giver 

his kind master, hidden in earth 

he shall thence depress'd^ 

sad, depart. 

To him shall mirth be lacking, 

who those afflictions 

ofiest sufiPereth 
90 in his sorrowing spirit; 

I at least may not greatly 

laugh for his departure. 

My lord is^ 

pride of men, 

and thy brother, 

the most excellent " 

between the seas^ 

of those whom we in England 

have ever heard of 
30 born, 

through child's condition^ 

of the race of men, 

to God's judgment, 

(staff of the weary) 

27. i. e. betpeonum jaem. 



populb-bjieamu op- 
pine-mae^a pyn« 
in pulbpej' Jypym. 
jepicen ponja hleo- 
pica neo]*an- 
eapbep on up-pej- 
nu pe eop'San bael* 
ban-huj' abpocen* 
buppim in innan* 
puna^ pael-paej-ce. 
■] pe pulbpep bael- 
op lic-p»ce« 
m leoht jobej*- 
piyop-lean pohce- 
3 }>e pecjan hec. 
pdBt pt; a mo]ren« 
m l^am ecan ^epean- 
mib }?a pb-jebpyht* 
pomub eapb niinan- 
peopca pulbop-Iean> 
piUum neotan* 
bla&bep ^ blip]*a* 
eac |>e abeoban hec* 
j'lje-bpyhcen ntfn. 
J?a he paep pi}?ep pup. 
pddt pu hip bc-homaii 
leopapt mffi^a* 
eopi^an biiSeahte* 
nu )m »bpe conpt. 
pi'S-paet minne* 
ic pceal papij-pepiS. 
hean-mob hpeoppan- 
hyje bpupenbne. 




from worldly joys, 

{his friends' delight) 

into glory's splendour 

departed, t/ie plains' protector, 

dwellings to visit, 

a habitation up on high. 

Now he, a part of earth, 

a broken bone-house, 

within his dwelling place, 

resteth in the bed of death, 

and the part of glory, 

from the body, 

in the light of God 

its reward hath sought ; 

and he to thee bade say, 

that ye two ever may, 

in the eternal joy, 

with a kindred <:ompany, 

together habitation take, 

glorious reward of works, 

at will enjoy 

prosperity and bliss. 

Also bade me to thee announce 

my noble master, 

wben he was on departure bent, 

that thou his body, 

maiden most beloved, 

shouldst with earth bedeck. 

Now thou atonce dost comprehend 

my journey. 

1 sorrowing in soul shall, 

dejected go, 

my sinking spirit 

4. MS. pun^a. SS. Here the upper part of the leaf of the MS. is cut off. 



T>im )^ azajiiaf • 
hleoj^pebe hab;* 
)7uph-hatne lij- 
bpeaj baebum jeopn* 
bpyhten hepebe- 
pif in peopcum. 
■] Jyap popb acp»%* 
meotiib all-pihta* 
)m eapt meahtum ppi'S 
nij^ap to nepjanne« 
If )7m noma maepe* 
pliti; 3 pulboppaept* 
opep pep-|?eobe» 
pinbon \fuie bomaj'- 
on bseba jehpam- 
poiSe jeppi*Sbe. 
] jepjepaej-te. 
eac ];ine pillan* 
m populb-ppebuDi- 
pyhte mib paebe* 
pobepa palbenb« 
jeoca up jeopne- 
j/BBftSL pcyppenb- 

[53 a.] Then Azariah 
cried, holy ; 
thorough-hot flame 
endur'd, ardent in deeds 
prais'd the Lord, 
wise in his works, 
and these words spake : 
' Lord of all creatures ! 
10 Thou in might art strong 
mortals to save, 
thy name is great, 
beauteous and glorious, 
throughout mankind ; 
thy judgments are, 
in every deed, 
true, potent, 
and triumphant ; 
also thy fiats, 
70 in worldly events 
right with judgment. 
Ruler of the skies ! 
preserve us carefully. 
Creator of spirits ! 

1. pun omit (These various readings are from Csedmon). 
5. bpea^ omit. 7. pep pommaleaf. 8. )^a. 

10. hpst pu eapt. 11. nep^eime. 16. in daja jehpam. 

17. fotSe "], 

after 18. fpa )^u eac f^lpaeapt C. adds, though incorrectly, there being 
no corresponding line to form the alliterative couplet. 
19. f^nbon for eac. 21. "3 jepume for raib psebe. 

23. add nu after jeopne. 



•J J?uph hylbo help. 

halij bjiyhten* 

nu pe ]^c pop J^appum- 

3 F^p j^pea-nybura. 

";) pop eaiSmebum* 

apena bibba)?* 

leje bilejbe* 

pe |?«f bpjenbe. 

pophcon in populbe* 

eac ]?on pom bybon* 

ylbpan uppe. 

m opephyjbu' 

^m bibobu bpsecon- 


hab opepho^ebou* 

haljan lipep* 

pupbon pe coppecene- 

jeonb pibne ^unb- 

heapum tx>hpoppne* 

hylba leape* 

paep upe hp jeonb- 

lonba pela* 

ppacuiS 3 jeppaeje* 


nu )m upic bepp«ce* 

in l^ap pyppepean* 



in b»pt heopo jpimmep* 

pceolon pe )>»p haej^npa^ 




and through thy grace help us, 

holy Lord ! 

now we thee in necessity 

and in oppressiony 

and humbly, 

pray for thy mercies, 

with flame beset. 

We for this living 

wrought in the world 3 

also then did evil 

our forefathers, 

in their pride, 

brake thy commandments, 

while in their cities dwelling, 

the state despis'd 

of holy life. 

We are become scattered 

o'er the wide earthy 

dispers'd in bodies, 


has been our life, through 

many lands, 

vile and infamous 

to earth's inhabitants. 

Now thou us hast exil'd 

into this worst 

of earthly kings' 

oppressive bondage, 

into the captivity of the most cruel, 

where we must the heathens' 

9. on. 

10. h^. 

3. J^peaum. 7. hje. 

11. ui^p ylbpan. 12. pop. 

13. bpsecon bebobo, omit I'm, for which r. ]nne. 14. pttenbum. 

17. penbon. 20. hilbe. 21. if ufep. 

24. polca mane^^um. 25. ya uf ec beppsecon. 26. co for m. 

27. Cod. Ex. cynin^ef . 28. schta. 29. on and jpimpa. 

30. ;] pe nu hsej^enpa. 




J^pea-nyb []H)lian« 

}?8ej' J^e )>anc pe. 

pepeba pulboji cynin;- 

f ];u uf )7af pjiace teobej-t- 

ne poplet ^u ujic ^na- 

ece bjiihten* 

pop phm milcpim* 

]>e ]^c men hb^a^* 

"3 foji "pam tpeopum- 

pe pw cijium ]:aeft- 

niSa nepjenb* 

jenumen] haepbej*. [53 A.] 

tx> abpahame* 

-J CO iface. 

"3 lacobe* 

2»fta fcyppenb. 

]^u him jehete* 

pujih hleo]70ji-cpiba)*« 

YdBt pu hypa jqiom-cynD* 

on fyim-bajum- 

yean polbe« 

ptsc hit ffiptep him« 

on eyne-jiyce- 

eenneb pujibe* 

yceb on eopj^an* 

yast fpa unpime- 

hab to hebban* 

fpa heopon-fCeojipan- 

buna's bpabne hpeapjit- 

o9 bjum-jdobaf • 



oppression [suffer. 

For this be thanks to thee, 

Glory- King of hosts ! [dain'd. 

that thou to us this exile haist or- 

Forsake thou us not, 

eternal Lord ! 

for the mercies, 

which thee to man incline, 

and for the covenants, 

which thou in glories fast. 

Saviour of men ! 

hast taken] 

with Abraham, 

and with Isaac, 

and Jacob, 

Creator of spirits ! 

Thou to them didst promise, 

through revelations, 

that thou their offspring, 

in distant days, 

wouldest increase, 

that which after them, 

in the realm, 

should be brought fortli, 

increas'd on earth, 

that as numberless 

their state to be rais'd 

as the stars of heaven 

encircle the broad orb, 

unto the ocean-floods. 

1 . peoy. Here the Cod. Exon. is defective, the top of the leaf having 
been cut off: the part wanting is supplied from Csedmon. Coedm. )^olia9, 
but the preceding fceolon requires here the alteration to the infinitive. 

8. hm^atS? 17. add Rafter him. 18. cpibe. 19. ppum. 

20. m. 22. '^ce. 23. on cneopiffum. 

25. ^ feo maem^eo. 26. msepe psepe. 27. hat to hebbanne. 

29. bebu^atS hpjrpft. 30. ot$ f bpim-papo. 



j*pa papo)>a fonb. 
ynib fealc pseceji* 
ype jeonb eap-^unb* 
pBRt fpa unpime* 
ymb pintjia hpeap)X« 
peop'San pceolbe. 
pyl nu )>a ppum-pppaBce. 
)?eah J?e iifeji pea lipjen« 
pliceja }?ine pojib-cpibap 
■] "Bin pulbop up. 
jecy^S cpaepc 3 meaht- 
nu l^ec calbeap* 
3 eac pela polca* 
jeppejen habban* 
y«t )m ana eajit- 
ece bjiyhten- 
pje-pop pectenb. 
^ yoV meotx>b« 
pulbpep palbenb> 
3 populb-pceapca. 
Spa pe halja pep* 
hep^enbe p«p. 
meotubep milcpe* 
-J hip mob-pepan- 
pehte ]?uph peopbe. 
Da op pobepum peap'S* 
enjel sel-beojihta- 
upon onpenbeb. 

as the shores' sand 

round the salt water^ 

the waves o'er ocean's ground, 

that so numberless, 

after a course of years, 

it should become. 

Fulfil now that saying of old, 

though of us few live, 

realize thy words, 
10 and to us thy glory [might. 

manifest, thy wisdom and thy 

Now thee the Chaldeans, 

and also many people, 

have leam'd, 

that thou alone art 

Lord eternal. 

Arbiter of triumphs, 

and true Creator, 

Ruler of glory, 
20 and of worldly creatures.' 

Thus the holy man 

was praising 

the Creator's mercy, 

and his mind's thoughts 

express'd by voice. 

Then from the firmament was 

an all-bright angel 

sent from above. 

1. I^eef fse-fapotSa fanb. 2. ^eonb fealtne paej. 

3. me ape ^pynbe^* '^^ f hif uopima. 5. m pmtpa popn. 

7. )yaomit. 8. heopa for ]^ ufep. 9. )^inne; -cpibe. 

10. on Uf. 11. miht. 12. -p -p for nu pee. 

13. eac omit. 

14. %efpi%en habbat$. After 14. add ]>a pe imbep heopenum* haej^ene 

15. "3 f. 17. psopa fectenb. 18. fo^jrseft mecob. 
24. 3 hif nuhca rpeb. 26. p«f. 27. aelbeophc. 



phte fcyne pep. 
m hif pulboji-homan* 
cpom him )^a to ape* 
"3 CO ealbop-nepe* 
J>uph lupan 'j 'puph hyye 
fe )?one lij tofceaj:* 
halij ■] heofon-beophc- 
hatan fyjief • 
f j-e biccjia bpyne. 
beop^an fceolbe. 
pop Jwp enjlep eje» 
sepseptum )^im* 
coppeop ■] fcoppenjbe. 
Jaiph j-piiJep meaht* 
li^ep leoman* 
ppa hypa hce ne pcob* 
ae p»p in yaxn opne> 
y^L pe en^el cpom- 
pmbi; "5 pynpum* 
pebepe onlicupfc- 
)?on on pumepep Cib. 
penbeb peopjTe'S- 
bpopena bpeopunj- 
mib ba^ep hpile* 
pe peep in J>am pipe- 
pop ppean meahtum* 
halpim to helpe* 


[54 a.] 


a man of aspect beauteous, 

in his garb of glory, 

came to them then in mercy, 

and for their life's salvation, 

through love and through grace, 

who the flame scatter'd 

(holy and heaven-bright) 

of the hot fire, 

so that the bitter burning 

should avoid, 

for the angel's dread, 

the pious three. 

He swept away and scatter'd, 

through the Strong One's might, 

the beams of flame, 

so it their bodies injur'd not, 

but it was in the oven, 

when the angel came, 

windy and winsome, 

to the air most like, 

when in summer's tide 

is sent 

a fall of drops, 

in the day's season. 

He was in the fire, 

by the Lord's power, 

for help to the holy men. 

2. on. 3. fC him cpom to j^ioppe. 4. peoph-. 

5. mib; mib. 9-12. omit. 13. tofpenbe. 

14. )>uph ysi fpit$an miht. 15. leoma. 

16. f forfpa; psef for fcob. After 16. add: opiht ^ee^eb' ac he on 
andan floh* ]pyp on peonbaf pop pypen-baebum. 

17. )»aforac; on. Cod. Exon. hopne. 18. )>8ep; becpom. 

20. 2^<^r^* ^i* c^^ 1^^ ^^^ V^^' ^^' ^peapun^. 

24. on for mib. After 24. add : peapmlic polcna pcup* fyflc bi9 pebepa 


25. n^lc paep on. 26. pop omit. 



peap% fe hata h;* 

tobjufen ^ tobpaefceb. 

J^seji ^a bseb-hpat^an* 

Yfif mib je]K>ncQm- 

J^eoben hejiebon* 

baebon blecfunje- 

beajiQ 111 populbe- 

ealle jefceafce. 

ecne bjiyhcen- 

J^eoba palbenb* 

fpa hi }>jiy cp«ban* 

mobu hojifce* 

]?u}ih jemsene popb. 

Bletjije )?ec. 

bilpit paebeji* 

populb-fceapta pulbop. 

3 peopca jehpylc- 

heo]x>nap ^ enjlap . 

■] hluttoji psetx^fi* 

^ eal mse^en* 

eo}i]?an jefceafta. 

bleqnje ^ec po'Spept cynmj 

jiinne 'j monan. 

leohte leoman- 

lijjenbe job. 

hsebpe ^ hlufcjie. 

"^ heopon-bjieame* 

paBffcem peoji'Sian. 

j:ul ope )7ii pulbop-cyninj. 

J^ujih lypfc Isefcepfc. 




The hot flame was 

dispers'd and quench 'd, 

where the energetic men, 

the three, fervently 

prais'd the Lord, 

pray*d him to bless 

the children in the world, 

all creation, 

the Lord eternal, 

Rider of nations : 

Thus these three spake, 

in mind sagacious, 

with united words : 

* Thee bless, 

benignant Father ! 

the glory of thy world-creations, 

and thy every work, 

heavens and angels, 

and the clear water, 

and all the power 

of earth's creatures : 

Thee bless, just King ! 

the sun, and the moon's 

bright beams, 

(living God !) 

serene and pure, 

and with heavenly joy 

earth's fruits endow. 

Full oft thou, glory- King ! 

through the air sendeat. 

After 3. add : ^eond ]>one open eobon' ;] fe engel mib* feoph^nepijeiibe. 
je J>8ep peopca psef annania]" 3 azapiaf* ^ mifael. 

3. mob-. 4. on. 6. blet:fian ; blecfun^e is faulty. 

7. beapn ifpaela. 8. call lanb-^efceapt. 

14. De blecpje. 16. -cpaeFca phte. 19. From this verse 

to the end the texts differ too widely for collation. 




leobum to ppeme- 

milbne mopjen-pen* 

mom; yceal pp^an^ 

pyjic onpsecnan* 

eac ]7on pubu-beappa)*- 

tanum tybpalS- 

rpyma^ eopiS-pelan- 

hleolS ^ hhxttpBX' 

nayjie hlifan ah- 

meotub ]?an mapan- 

\^n he pi« monna beapn. 

pypce^ pel-bsebum* 

pip biiS fe }?e con- 

onjytan pone ^cocenb- 

]^ up eaU jSob- 

fyleS )^e pe habba'S- 

(penben pe hep beo^» 

•5 up milbe meotob* 

mape jehate'S* 

jip pe jeeapma'S. 

elne pilla^* 

"Son pepan fceal* 

]>aph ppean haefe* [54 A.] 

pmbop anpa jehpae)*- 

fapl op hce- 

3 l^c job bpyhtren. 

5»ftap hepjen- 

bypnenbe pyp. 

'J beopht pumop- 

peapme pebep-bajaj** 

palbenb manna* 

ppean on pep^e- 

ppemejr eop«-pelan. 

]?uph monijne hab- 

milbe bpyhten* 

"3 l^c baej "3 niht- 



for men's prosperity, 

mild morning rain ; 

(then shall many 

a plant spring up, 

also the forest groves 

with branches teem,) 

tcrAf cAearth's riches strengtheneth, 

fostereth, and purifieth. 

Never hath the Creator 

greater fiime^ than 

when he towards the sons of men 

worketh with benefits. 

Wise is he who can 

the Preserver understand, 

who to us all good 

giveth that we have, 

while we are here, 

and^ a merciful God, to us 

more promiseth, 

if we it merit, 

fervently desire, 

when shall go, 

through the Lord's behest, 

apart of every one 

the soul from body. 

And thee. Lord God ! 

all spirits praise, 

burning fire, 

and bright summer, 

warm weather days. 

Ruler of men ! 

the Lord, in spirit. 

TTiou causest earth's riches, 

through many a form, 

benignant Lord ! 

and thee day and night, 



bompKffc cyninj- 
lopjen 3 lipjen* 
lux T fcenebjie. 
)?e J^aj- pep-l?eoba. 
peajibum healbalS* 
beop bjiyhcnej- bibob* 
bpujon hi f lonje* 
T }>ec cjiiffc cyninj. 
ceolaf peoji'Sian* 
jaebeji fojipo 3 fnap. 
]:olca palbenb- 
pinfcep-bifceji pebep- 
^ polcna ^enipu- 
■] }?ec hexenbe- 
li^etta hejijen. 
blace bpeahtum hpate< 
bpyten-jucep peapb- 
bypne bpyhcen- 
a }?in bom py. 
56b 3 jenje. 
pu ]«Bp jeopnLce^ 
pypcejt pulbop-cyninj 



powerful King ! 

praise and love^ 

light and darkness, 

that these nations 

hold in ward ; 

the Lord's awful command 

they obey^ the lasting one. 

And thee^ Christ King! 

ships adore, 

Father ! frost and snow. 

Ruler of nations ! 

bitter winter weather, 

and the welkin-clouds, 

and thee the glittering 

lightnings praise, 

pale swiftly darting, [realm ! 

theey Guardian of the spacious 

beloved Lord ! 

ever be thy decree 

good and valid. 

Thou thus earnestly 

workest, Glory-King 1 

paeptmum hepje- 
bletpien blebum* 
■5 j?m blaeb pepe- 
a pop^ ece. 
8&hniht:i2 job* 
pepa^ ■] peaxa'S* 
ealle pep-J^eobe- 
kpjalS bi I'am lipjnim* 
)?e up pe leopa cynmj. 


in their fruits praise, 

bless in their leaves ; 

and be thy glory 

ever forth eternal. 

Almighty God ! 

Exist and wax 

all tribes of men, 

live by the blessings 

that for us the beloved King, 

8. r. luf ijen. 
S9. Two lines or more are here wanting. 

17« i. e. the earth. 




ece bjiyhten- 

«ji jefetce. 

finu beapnii to bpice- 

bpemen bpyhten. 

onb pec halja ^ob* 

hea buna* 

jeonb mibban-^eapb* 

milcfum hepjen* 

paejep jzolbe* 

■] }»bep-pice. 

jzop'Son palbenb pcop« 

pubije mopap- 

lope leanije* 

leohtep hypbe. 

bletjije j?ec j'O'Spaepc cyninj. 

fffif "5 paetpa* 

hea holmap- 

halipie bpyhten* 

bomlice beop psetep* 

"3 bpyhcnep bibob- » 

jeopon-ploba jehpyic* 

^eopne bihealbelS* 

)>dn mepe-pcpeamap* 

meotubep paeppum* 

paetep onpealcaiS* 

piton ealb jecynb* 

f appjepcop. 

ece bpyhten* 

lapi-ploba bijonj. 

leohtep hypbe. 

on )^m punia^* 


piiSe on )*unbe* [55 a.] 

pelbhcpa pela* 


th' eternal Lord, 

ere bestow'd, 

on his children for their U8e, 

glorious Lord ! 

And thee, holy God ! 

the high downs 

over mid-earth 

for thy mercies praise, 

the fair land, 

and paternal realm ; 

for that the Supreme created 

the woody mountains, 

with praise reward 

the Lord of light. 

Bless thee, just King ! 

the seas and waters, 

the depths profound, 

the holy Lord, 

fervently the deep water : 

and the Lords command 

each ocean-flood 

strictly controuls, 

when the sea streams, 

through the Creator's ministers, 

the waters, onward roll. 

Hie old generations know, 

that erst created 

the Lord eternal 

the course of water-floods, 

the Lord of light, 

in which dwell, 

widely faring 

by journey in the ocean, 

wonderous creatures many :— 

7. MS. -jejib. 

14. Lit. Guardian. 

84. Lit. chieftaini. 



bletjien ]>ec ]>a ealle* 

ece bjiyhten* 

]>u)ih ]?mne piUan* 

pulbopfKjt cyninj- 

^ }?ec ealle ^fppynje. 

ece bpyhcen- 

heanne hepjen- 

pjl Oft |>a hlutt»p l8et;ejr< 

paefcep pynlico. 

CO populb-hyhte. 

Of chpe clsenum- 

f uf fe cynin; jcj'cop- 

monnum Co milcfe* 

T to maejen-eacan. 

blecfien f^ec bilpit yaebeji* 

pifcap T pijlar- 

fela-meahn^ae ]7e* 

ealle ]>a )^e onhp>»pa'S* 

hpeo psepif . 

on )>am bpaban bpime* 

bpemen bpyhten* 

hepjen hali^ne- 

■] heojron-pijlap. 

pSL \^ lacenbe* 

jeonb lyjic papa^S- 

bletjien pec bpyhten* 

beop "5 nyfcen- 

meotnib monna beapn- 

milcj^um hepjen* 

"3 ecne job- 

ijTiahela cynn* 

bletpen )?e pme pacepbof . 

YO^pejT cynmj. 

milbe meffepap • 

Bless thee these all, 

eternal Lord I 

through thy will, 

glorious King ! 

And thee all river-springs. 

Lord eternal ! 

exalted, praise. 

Full oft thou lettest/orM clear 

pleasant waters, 
10 for worldly joy, 

from the pure clifF, 

which for us our King created 

in kindness towards men, 

and for strength's increase. 

Bless thee, benignant Father ! 

fishes and birds, 

thee. Much Powerful ! 

all those that move on 

the rough waves, 
ao on the broad ocean, 

celebrate the Lord, 

praise thee Holy, 

and the fowls of heaven, 

those which sporting 

journey through air. 

Bless thee. Lord ! 

beasts and cattle, 

their Creator the sons of men 

for his mercies praise, 
30 and the eternal God 

the race of Israel. 

Bless thee thy priests, 

just King I 

meek mass-priests. 

4. MS. polbopfKjrt. 

7. r. heahne. 




msejine bjiyfat:en- 

•5 ]nne )?af • 

Seoba hyjtbe* 

fpylce hali^pa- 

hluctpe )ttule« 

■3 ece job. 


Nu ]?ec anania]^ 

"] azapiaf • 

"J mifahel meotub* 

miltpim hepja^. 

nu pe jeonje }?py. 

job bletjnalS* 


yxbeji in heo]:onum* 

]?one ]x>^an piou* 

3 )^one pjepKfCan jsejt. 

):op]>on u]* onfenbe* 

fijopa palbenb* 

enjel to ajie* 

yepe uy beapj- 

j:yp T peonbaf • 

"3 mib p]?jium beppeah* 

pilS bpyne bjiojan. 

Bjieahtmuoi hpuppin- 

ymb ^ hate huf . 

hae'Sne leobe* 

]^a "pset onjeafcon- 

jobef anbpacan- 

f hi ne meahtan* 

ne meotob polbe* 

acpellan cnybta ce- 

ac hy cjiifC pcilbe. 

hpeapf )?a to bealle* 

]7>a he h]\a]?o]t meahte* 

eopl acol-mob* [55 6.] 



the great Lord, 
and these thme. 
Guardian of people ! 
also of the holy 
the pure souls, 
and, eternal God ! 
the humble-hearted. 
Now thee Ananiah, 
and Azariah, 
and Mishael^ Lord ! 
for thy mercies praise : 
now we young three 
bless God, 
the much powerful 
Father in heaven, 
the true Son, 

and the triumphant Spirit ; 
because to us hath sent 
the Lord of triiunphs 
an angel in his mercy, 
who hath us secured against 
fire and foes, 

and with his wings tis cover'd 
against the fire's dread/ 
Quickly surrounded 
that hot house 
the heathen people, 
when that perceiv'd 
the deniers of God, 
that they might not, 
(nor would the hord permit them) 
destroy the young men's law, 
but that them Christ shielded. ^ 
Turn'd then to the hall, 
as he most quickly could, 
a chief in trembling mood,. 



ysdv he ojiep hif ealbpe jefCob- 

abeab ]^a ]:op )?aejie bu^u'Se- 

beop aepenbe- 

halijpa jehylb. 

hlyjT paej- |78eji-inne* 

jpom-hybij juma* 

Jjaec ic jeape pijte- 

J^aet pe iii. hsefbon- 

]?eoba pipan • 

^eon^e cniehtap* 

pop jaejt-lupan • 

^ebunben co bsele- 

m bypnenbep • 

pypep leoman* 

nu ic l^aep iiii. men> 

penbe co piSe^ 

ualep me pylpa jepab. 

hpeoppa'S nu aeptep heop^e 

naen^um hac pceJ^iS- 

opnep seleb* 

ac him ip enjel mib* 

hapa% beophtne blasb* 

ne maej him bpyne ycep^an* 

phtijne pulbop-homan* 

"Sa ]?am popbiim j^ealj* 

bpejo calbea* 

jepat pdL CO )^m bpyne ^onjan 

anhybij eopL 

f he opep pQjn abe jepcob* 

hec )7a op paxn hje* 

hp^enbe beapn* 

nabocobonoppop • 




so that he opposite his sovereign 

annomiced then before the nobles 
the awful errand^ 
the holies' preservation : 
(Listening was therein 
the fiercehearted man) 
* That I well knew, 
that we had three 
leaders of the people, 
young striplings, 
for their souls' love, 
bound to the pile, 
in the burning 
fire's beam, 
now I four men there 
see at once ; 
I am devoid of counsel. 
They now pass o'er the hearth, 
not one hurteth the hot 
oven's fire, 

for an angel is with them, 
he hath bright glory, 
the burning may not hurt his 
beauteous garb of glory/ 
When those words heard 
the Chaldeans' prince, 
went then to the fire 
the stubborn chieftain, 
so that against the pile he stood ; 
bade then from the flame 
the living children, 

1 6. Tiej-eo to jot^e, Cadm, 

1 7. nee mihi ipsi ratio suppeditat — nalep me f elj:a leojetf, Cadm, 
25. Lit swallow 'd. 



neaji aet-jonjan* 

ne jzophojobon psat ]?a haljan* 

f])^)?an hi hpset-mobe* 


peojm jehyjibon- 

ac eobon op ]?am pype* 

feoph unpemme* 

pulbjie jeplitejab. 

fpa hyjia paebum ne fcob. 

jifipe jleba* lo 

ac hi mib ^sept-lujian* 

rynne jeppencton. 

1 jepjeja&pcon. 

mobum jleape* 

m mon-)7eapaf • 

)^uph pope-)^oncaf • 

nearer to approach. 

That slighted not the holy onesy 

after they^ bold in spirit^ 

the world-king's 

words had heard^ 

but from the fire went^ 

in life uninjur'd^ 

with glory beautified, 

so thai their garments hurt not 

the greedy gleeds, 

but they with their souls' love 

sin outwearied, 

and triumph'd, 

in mind sagacious, 

over man's practices ; 

through forethought 

from the fire escap'd. 




Daebbe ic jejzpujnen 
^te if peop heonan- 
eajT-baelum on* 
8e)^lajT lonba- 
ppum jejirpaeje* 

I have heard tell, 
that there is far hence, 
90 in eastern parts, 
a land most noble, 
amongst men renown'd. 

Est loeus in primofdix orienie remotuSf 
Qua patet atemijanua celsa poU, 



nij' fe folban jxeat- 

opeji mibban-jeapb* 

monjum jepepe. 

folc-a^enbjia* [56 a.] 

ac he a]:yp}ieb i]** 

pufii meotubef meaht. 

man-fpemenbum • 

plicij If fe ponj eall. 

pynnum jebhffab- 

mib )^am fse^eftum* 10 

folban ftencum- 

»nhc If )?«& i^Ionb* 

aej^ele fe pyjihfca. 

mobij meahtum fpebij- 

fe )?a molban jefette- 

•Saep bi"? Oft: open- 

eab^um to-jeanef . 

onhliben hleoj^jia pyn* 

heofon-jiJcef bupu- 

)?8efc If pynfum ponj. ao 

pealbaf jjiene. 

pume unbep pobepuin* 

ne maej f^aep pen ne fnap* 

ne jropftef piSBfC- 

ne fypef blsefc- 

ne haejlef hpype- 

ne hjumef bpype- 

ne jninnan ha&tu* 

ne pn calbu- 

ne peapm pebep* ao 

ne pinfcep-fcup« 

That tract of earth is not, 

over mid-earth, 

fellow to many 

peopled lands, 

but it is withdrawn, 

through tke Creator's might, 

from wicked doers. 

Beauteous is all the plain, 

with delights bless'd, 

with the sweetest 

of earth's odours : 

unique is that island, 

noble the Maker, 

lofty, in powers abounding, 

who the land founded. 

There is oft open, 

towards the happy, 

unclos'd, (delight of sounds !) 

heaven's kingdom's door. 

That is a pleasant plain, 

green wolds, 

spacious under heaven ; 

there may not rain nor snow, 

nor rage of frost, 

nor fire's blast, 

nor fall of hail, 

nor descent of rime, 

nor heat of sun, 

nor perpetual cold, 

nor warm weather, 

nor winter shower. 

94. MS. pnsejrt. 

Nee tamen oisHvos hiemisve prcpinguus adortus, 
Sed qua sol vemo/undii ah axe diem. 



pihce jep^Tiban- 
ac fe ponj feoma^- 
eabij -J onpiDb* 
If ]>»t 8e]?ele lonb* 
blojTmum jeblopen- 
beopjaj- pdsji ne muntaf > 
]*teape ne ftonbaiS* 
ne fdtn-clifu* 
heah hbpaiS* 
fpa heji mib uf • 
ne bene ne balu* 
ne bun-fcjiapu* 
hlaepaf ne hlincaf • 
ne )?8ep hleona% oo* 
unfmelSef pihc 
ac fe 8e|7ela jzelb- 
ppibalS unbep polcnum* 
pynnum ^eblopen- 
If f topfate lonb* 
tpelpim heppa* 
folbe fse^m-jumef • 
fpa Uf jieffieogan jleape- 
pitman t^ujih pifbom* 
on ^epjutum cy]?ab* 
]^n senij J^apa beopja- 
]^ hep beophte niib uf • 
hea hlipa'S* 

unbep heofon-tun^lum* 
fmylte ij* fe pje-ponj. 
fun-beapo lixe'S- 

aught injure^ 

but the plain rests 

happy and healthful. 

That noble land is 

with blossoms flowered : 

nor hills nor mountains there 

stand steep, 

nor stony cliffs 

tower high, 
10 as here with us ; 

nor dells nor dales, 

nor mountain-caves, 

risings nor hilly chains ; 

nor thereon rests 

aught imsmooth, 

but the noble field 

flourishes under the skies 

with delights blooming. 

That glorious land is 
« higher by twelve 

fold of fathom measure, 

(as us the skilful have informed, 

sages, through wisdom, 

in writings show,) 

than any of those hills 

that brightly here with us 

tower high, 

under the stars of heaven. 

Serene is the glorious plain, 
30 the sunny bower glitters. 

tfl. ^ealbe? 

98. MS. jepiieojum. 

JlUcplamcies tractus diffundii apertos^ 
Nee tumulus creseity nee cava vattie hiat ; 

Sed nostras nunUesy quorum juga celsa puianiurp 
Per bis sex ulnas eminet Hie locus. 



pubu-holt pynlic* 
paeftma]* ne bjieoj^aS. 
beophte blebe* 
ac )?a beama)' a* 
jjiene jTonba^^ 
j^a him job bibeab- 
pincjief ■] fumejief . 
pubu bi^ jelice. 
blebum jehonjen* 
nseppe bpojuia^. 
leaj: unbeji lypce- 
lie him hj pce)?eiS. 
xyjie to ealbpe- 
seji }H)n ebpeiiben- 
pojiulbe jepeojiSe. 
j-pa lu paecjiep }>pym. 
ealne mibban-jeajib* 
mcjie-}dob j^eahte* 
eoi\]?an ymb-hpyjijic 
}?a fe 8e)7ela ponj- 
sejhpaef OD)*unb- 
pi^ yS-pajie* 
jehealben jrob- 
hpeojia ps^a* 
eabi; impemme* 
]7uph epfc jobep. 
bibe^ ppa jeblopen* 
o^ baelep cjrme. 
bjiyhtnep bomep. 
}?dii beaiS-pseceb* 
haele]?a heolptop-copm 

the woody holt^ joyously ; 

the fruits fall not, 

the bright products, 

but the trees ever 

stand green, 

as them God hath commanded : 

in winter and in summer 

t/ie forest is alike 

hung with fruits, 
10 never fade 
[56 £.] the leaves in air, 

nor will flame them injure, 

ever throughout ages, 

ere that an end 

to the world shall be. 

What time of old the water's mass 

all mid-earth, 

the sea-flood deck'd 

the world's circumference, 
20 then the noble plain, 

in all ways secure, 

against the billowy course 

stood preserved, 

of the rough waves, 

happy, inviolate, 

through God's favour : 

it shall abide thus blooming, 

until the fire's coming, 

of the Lord's doom ; 
30 when the death-houses. 

men's dark chambers, 

14. eec enbe? 

Hie solis nemus est, et cansitus arbare muUa 
Lucus perpeiwBfrondis honore vireL 

Cum Phaethanteisjlagrassei ab ignibus axis, 
nie locus Jlammis inviolatus erat ; 

Et cum diluvium mersisset flucdbus orbem, 
DeucaUoneas essuperavit aquas. 



onhliben peopf^a^* 

nif J^aeji on )^aiu lonbe* 

\sX ^eni^la* 

ne pop ne ppacu* 

pea-tacen nan- 

ylbu ne yjim^u* 

ne pe enja bea%* 

ne bpep lyj>e- 

ne la)^f c^me* 

ne pynn ne pacu* 

ne ]*a]\ p]\acu* 

nepseble ^epm* 

ne pelan onpyn- 

ne popj ne plaep- 

ne ppaji lejeji. 

ne pmcep 2q>eopp* 

ne peb)ia jebpejb. 

hpeoh unbe]i heo):omim 

ne pe heapba poppc 

calbum cyle-pcelum* 

cnypeiS aeni^ne* 

}^a&p ne haejl ne hpim* 

hpeopaiS co polban* 

ne pinbi; polceu- 

ne l^aep pastep pealle]?* 

lypce sebypjab- 

ac ysQji lapi-ptpeamap- 



shall be open'd. 

There is not in that land 

hateful enmity, 

nor wail, nor vengeance, 

evil-token none, 

old age nor misery, 

nor the narrow death, 

nor loss of life, 

nor coming of enemy, 

nor sin nor strife, 

nor painful exile, 

nor poor one*8 toil, 

nor desire of wealth, 

nor care nor sleep, 

nor grievous sickness, 

nor winter's darts, 

nor dread of tempests 

rough under heaven, 

nor the hard frost 

with cold chill icicles 

striketh any. 

There nor hail nor rime 

on the land descend, 

nor windy cloud, 

nor there water falls 

agitated in air, 

but there liquid-streams 

21. MS. cnyfet). 

Nan hue exangues morbiy nan <Bgra ienectusy 

Nee mors crudeHst nee metus asper aditt 
Nee tcehis ifrfandum^ nee opum vesana cupidoy 

Aui Marsy aiU ardens eadis amore furor ; 
Lucius (icerbua abesi, et egestas obsitapannisy 

Et cur<B inwmneSf ei violenta fames ; 
Nan tin tempesiaSf nee visfurit horrida venti^ 

Nee geUdo terram rare pruina tegU ; 
Nulla super campos tendil sua vellera nubes, 

Nee cadit ex alio turbidus humor agues. 




punbpu ppaedice- 

pyllan onfppifija^- 

jia&jjium ):olb-pylmum* 

j:olban lecca]?* 

paeceji pynpumu* 

op ]>8ep puba mible- 

]>a mon]?a jehpam* 

op J^sejie molban tyjip* 

b)um-calb bpecaiS* 

beajio ealne jeonb-pajia^* 

J^jiajum ]?pymkce* 

ip j^aec j^eobnep jebob. 

fte tpelp p]?um- 

^ tnjipa&pee lonb* 


laju-ploba-pynn • 

)inbon ]>a beappap* 

blebu jehonjene. 

plitijum p8e)*tmu« 

t^aep no pallia's 6* 

hal^e unbep heoponum* [57 a.'] 

holtep pp»fcpe. 

ne peallaiS ]?8ep on polban- 

pealpe blojtman- 

pubu-beama pkte* 

ac )?8ep pp»clice« 

on ]?a tpeopum pymle* 

tel^an jehlabene* 

opett ebnipe* 


wonderously curious, 

wells spring forth, 

with fair bubblings from earth ; 

o'er the soil glide 

pleasant waters, 

from the wood's midst ; 

there each month, 

from the turf of earth, 

sea-cold they burst, 

aU the grove pervade 

at times abundantly. 

It is God's behest, 

that twelve times 

the glorious land 

sports over 

the joy of water-floods. 

The groves are 

with produce hung, 

with beauteous fruits ; 

there wane not, 

holy under heaven^ 

the holt's decorations, 

nor fall there on earth 

the fallow blossoms, 

beauty of forest-trees, 

but there wonderously, 

on the trees ever, 

the laden branches, 

the renovated fruit. 

20. MS. puniatf. 

Sedfims in medio est, quem mvum nomine 
Perspieuus, lenisy dulcQms uber etquis^ 

Qui semel erumpensper singula tempora mensum, 
Duodecies undis irriffot omne nemus: 

Hie genus arboreum procero stipiie surgensy 
Non lapsura solo mitia poma geriL 



m ealle tib- 

on }?am 5Ji8Bj'-ponje. 

jpene jronbaj;. 

jehpoben hyhclice- 

hahjef meahtum* 

beojihtafC beajipa* 

no jebjiocen peopj^e*®. 

holt on hipe* 

psRjv ye halja ftenc- 

puna]? jeonb pyn-lonb. 

f onpenbeb ne biiS* 

»ppe to ealbjie* 

aep J?on enbije- 

j:pob pypn jepeopc 

j^ hit on ppym]?e Jj'cop :* 


at all times^ 

on the grassy plain, 

stand screen, 

gIoriou3ly adorn'd, 

through the Holy's might, 

brightest of groves ! 

Not broken is 

the wood in aspect : 

there a holy fragrance 

rests o'er the pleasant land ; 

that shall not be changed, 

for ever throughout ages, 

ere that shall end 

Aw wise work of yore 

he who it at first created. 


Done pubu peapba|>- 
punbpum paejep. 
pujel peppu ptponj. 
pe ip penuc hacen* 
I'seji pe anhaja- 
eapb bihealbe]?* 
beojimob bjiohtaiS- 
naeppe him bea]? pce]?e'S< 
on pam pilUponje* 
{lenben populb ptonbe)?. 
j-e pceal )?aejie punnan* 
PI'S bihealban* 


That wood inhabits 
wonderously fair, 
a fowl of pinions strong, 
that is Phoenix hight ; 
there the lonely bird 
its dwelling holds, 
its beloved haunt : 
never shall death destroy it 
in that pleasant plain, 
while the world stands. 
It is said the sun's 
course to observe. 

Hoc nemtuff hos lucos avis incolit unica Pluxnix^ 
Unica, sed vivit morie refecia sua ; 



"J on^ean-cuman* 
jobef conbelle* 
jlffibum jimme* 
jeojine bepiti^an* 
hponne up cyme* 
Bepelsift tun^la* 
ojieji yS-mepe. 
eftan lixan- 
paebep pypn-jepeopc* 
fpaetpum bkcan- 
topht tacen jobef • 
tun^ol hecip ah^beb* 
^epiten unbep pa]yeinan< 
pepfc-balaj' on- 
bib^Iab on baej-peb- 
;j feo beopce nihc- 
pon jepifccJJ. 
J^on pa]min ftponj* 
jTUjel ]:e|^pum plonc* 
on pp^en-ftpeam* 
unbep lypc opep laju- 
loca^ jeopne* 
hponne up cyme* 
eapcan jKban. 
opep pbne j^. 
fpejlep leoma* 
fpa pe B&pehi pujel- 
aet J^am ae-pppm^e* 
pkti; psepc punaiS* 

and to meet 

God's candle^ 

joyous gem, 

carefully to watch 

when riseth up 

of stars the noblest 

over the billowy main, 

from the east shining, 

the Father's work of old, 
10 glittering in arms, 

bright sign of God : 

when the stars are hidden^ 

retir'd under ocean, 

into the western parts, 

obscur'd at dawn, 

and the dark night 

murky departs, 

then, strong in course, 

the fowl, exulting in its plumes, 
90 into the mountain- stream, 

under sky over water, 

looks earnestly, 

when shall come up, 

gliding from the east, 

over the spacious sea, 

heaven's beam. 

Thus the noble fowl 

at the fountain, 

beauteous, steadfast dwelleth, 
90 the welling streams : 

95. MS. jiiSue. 

Paretj et obsequUur Phoebo memoranda satettes. 

Hoc natura parens munus habere dedity 
LtUea cum primum surgens Aurora rvbescU^ 

Cum primum rosea sidera lucejugaty 



Jwp ye cip-eab^a- 
cpelj: ]*i]?um hine- 
bibaj^a^ in |^am bujinan- 
aeji jney beacnef cyme* 
3 jyinle fpa ojrc 
oj: ]^am piljiiman* 
bjum-calb beopjelS* 
8ec ba*8a jehpylcum- 
p|?)^an hme yylpie* 
aepcep funb-ple^an« 
heah-mob hepelS* 
on heanne beam* 
)H>nan yJ^afC msej* 
on eafC-pejum. 
piS bibealban* 
hponne j'pejlep tapup* 
ofep holm-J'pflece* 
haebpe blice* 
leobtef leoma* 
lonb beo'S ^ejiijiaetpab* 
populb jephtejab. 
fi|>)^an pulbpep Jim- 
opep jeoponej' jonj- 
^punb jepcmej?* 
jeonb nubban-jeapb* 
maepoft tun^la* 


there the glorious bird 
twelve times itself 
[57 bJ] bathes in the brook, 

ere the beacon's coming, 

heaven's candle^ 

and ever as oft 

of the grateful 

welling springs 

ocean-cold tastes, 

at every bath : 

then itself, 

after its watery play, 

proudly raises, 

on to a lofty tree, 

whence it may most easily, 

on the east ways, 

the time observe, 

when heaven's taper, 

over the watery main 

serenely shines, 

the beam of light, 

when land is adorn 'd, 

the world beautified, 

after glory's gem 

over ocean's course 

the ground illumes 

throughout mid-earth, 

greatest of stars ! 


14. r. healme. 

19. MS. pjisece. 

Ter quater iUapias immergit corpus in undas, 
Ter quater e vivo gurgite Ubat aquam ; 

ToUiturj ae mmmo consedit in arboris aU<B 
Verticey qua toium despicit una nemus : 

JSt conversa novos Phcdn nasceniis ad ortusj 
Eocpectat radios etjubar exoriens : 



fona fpa feo funne* 
]*ealte ji:;peamaf • 
he's. opeji-hlipaiS* 
fpa fe hafpa pujel- 
beojihc op ]?as]- bea^ipef • 
beame jepice'S- 
pafielS pej^pum fnell. 
jdyhce on lypte- 
j'pmpt^ T finje-S. 
J7>ejle co-jeanej- • 
■Son fox's fpa faejeji. 
jiujler jebaepu- 
onbpypbeb bpeoft-j'ej:a« 
blifpim pemij. 
ppixle"5 po'S-cpKfte. 
beophtan peopbe. 
]7on Kjrpe bype monnep • 
hypbe unbep heoponu* 
pi)^}?an heah cynm;* 
pulbpep pypbca. 
populb ptal^lobe- 
heopon 'j eopj^an- 
bi|> l^aep hleo^pef ppej* 
eallum ponj-cpaeptum* 
ppecpa ;j phcijpa. 
^ pynpumpa. 
ppenca jehpylcu* 
ne majon ]?a bpeaht[De< 
byman ne hopnap- 

Soon as the sun 

the salt streams 

high over-towers, 

then the variegated fowl 

bright from the grove's 

tree departs, 

goes with pinions swift 

by flight in air, 

warbles and sings 

10 towards heaven. 
Then is so fair 
the bird's bearing, 
his spirit inspir'd, 
in bliss exulting, 
it chants its song 
more wonderfully, 
with its clear voice, 
than ever child of man 
heard under heaven, 

90 since the high King, 
Creator of glory, 
founded the world, 
heaven and earth. 
Its voice's sound is 
than all vocal music 
sweeter and finer, 
and more delightful 
than every artifice : 
that sound may not equal 

90 trumpets nor horns, 
10. MS. -heanejf. 

Atgue ubi Sol pepulii/ufgeniis limina porta, 
jStprimi emicuit luminis aura levis, 

Incknt ilia sacri modulaminafundere cantusy 
Et mira lucem voce ciere novamj 

Quam nee aedonia voces, nee tibia possii 
Musica Cyrrhais assimulare modis ; 



ne heayipan hlyn* 

ne h8ele]?a ftejm- 

senjef on eoji|^an* 

ne opjanon-fpej- 

leojjjief jej7)in- 

ne fpanef pe'Spe- 

ne aeni; )>a}ia bjieama- 

J>e bpyhcen jefcop. 

^urnum to jlipe- 

in ]?af ^eompjan populb 

pnjeiS ppa ;j fpmj'aiS. 

fselum jeblijjab* 

o|>]?set feo funne. 

on fU"5-pobop. 

faejeb peop]?eiS. 

]76n fpiaB he. 

■] hlyjt: jepe*8. 

he ipbe onbpyjbe'S. 

yjiiyr J^oncep 2^eap« 

•] J'pipa apcaece^. 

pe}>pe plyhc-hpafce. 

pujol bi'5 jeppijeb- 

pymle he cpelp pi}?um* 

tiba jemeapca'S* 

baejep ;j nihtep. 

ppa jebemeb If . 

beappef bijenja* 

}^8et he ]?sep bpucan mot 

5. hleojpef? 

nor the harp's sound, 
nor voice of men, 

any on earth, 

nor organ's tone, 

song's melody, 

nor swan's plumes, 

nor any of those sounds, 

that the Lord hath created 

for delight to men, 
10 in this sad world. 

So it sings and warbles, 

happily bless'd, 
[58 a.] till that the sun, 

in the south heaven, 

is sunk ; 

it then is silent, 

and listens, 

its head raises 

bold, in thought sagacious, 
90 and thrice shakes 

its plumage, prompt for flight ; 

then the bird is hush'd. 

Ever it twelve times 

the hours marks 

of day and night, 

as is ordain'd 

the grove's inhabitant, 

that it may there enjoy 

6. j:eVjie, sic MS. 

Sed negtie olor moriens imitari posse putUur^ 

Nee CyUefUBieJUa canora lyres, 
Postquam Phodms equos in aperta refudit Olympic 

Aigue orbem totum protuUt usque meanSf 
lUa ter alarum rtpeOto verbere plaudit, 

Igniferumque caput ter venerata silet, 
Atque eadem cderes etiam discrinUnat horas, 

InnarrabiUbus node dieque sonis ; 
Antistes nemarumy hud veneranda saeerdos, 

Et sola arcanis consdoy Phcebe, tuts ; 



poiijej* mib pillum« 

J pelan neotan- 

lipef "3 lij-fa. 

lonbef jzjiaeepa* 

0*5 pSBt he J^upenbe* 

J^ippep lipep. 

pubu-beappep peapb* 

pint:]\a jebibej?. 

'Son biS ^ehep^ab* 


^ornol ^eapum pjiob* 

2pene eoji'San* 

aplyh'S pujla- 

polban ^eblopene- 

"3 l^onne jepeceS- 

pi'Se juce- 

mibban-^eapbep • 

)wji no men bu^aS* 

eapb *■) ej^l. 

I^eji he ealbopbom onpehiS 


opeji pu^la cynn* 

^ej^un^en on |>eobe. 

pepten peajiba'8- 
)^n pa]?um ptponj* 
pejt: jepite*8- 
pintrpu jebypjab. 
pleo^an pe)^um pnel- 
pujlap J>pinja«. 




the plain at will, 

and the weal partake 

of life and happtnesD, 

the land's treasures, 

till that it a thousand 

of this life, 

the wood-grove's guardian, 

winters abides ; 

then waxes dull 

the variegated of feathers, 

old, stricken in years, 

the green earth 

fleeth of birds, 

the flowery soil, 

and then seeks 

journeying a tract 

of middle earth, 

where men inhabit not, 

a home and country, 

where it supremacy receives 


over the race of birds, 

illustrious in the tribe, 

and a space with them 

the waste inhabits; 

then, strong in course, 

westward departs, 

stricken in years, 

flying, of pinions swift. 

7^ birds throng 

13. MS. jiene. 

Qu(B postquam vUcBJam mille peregerit annosy 
Ac si fiddiderint tempora langa gravem^ 

Ut reparet lapsumfatis vergentibus cBvum^ 
Asmeti nemoris duke cubUefugit ; 

Cumque renascendi studio loca sancta reUqwt^ 
Tunc p^it hunc arbem^ mars ubi regno tenet* 




ucan-ymbe Bapelne* 

aejhpylc pille pej'an. 

J^ejn T )>eop. 

l^eobne msepum* 

oypBdt he jefeca'5. 

fyjipapa lonb* 

cop'Sfia maefte* 

him fe clena |>8efi* 

oSfcupeB pceafiphce* 

^ he in fcabe peapbaiS* 

on pubu-beappe« 

pepce pfcope. 

biholene ^ bihybbe- 

h8ele]?a monejum* 

"Sep he heaiine beam* 

on holt-puba* 

puna% ^ peapba'S* 

pyptum fseptne* 

iinbep heopin-hpope* 

{'one hata% men- 

pemx on ):olban* 

oj: yxf pujlep noman* 

hapfS )?am cpeope popjiepen. 

tip-meahtij cynmj. [58 A.] 

meotub mon-cynnef • 

mine jeppaeje. 

]raec pe ana i]-* 

ealpa beama* 

on eop*8-peje. 

up Isebenbpa* 



around the noble one, 
each will be 
minister and servant 
to the great chiefs 
till that it seeks 
the Syrians' land^ 
with train innumerable. 
The pure bird there 
drives them off rigorously, 
that it in shade may hold, 
in the wood-grove, 
a desert place, 
conceal'd and hidden 
from the crowd of men. 
There it a lofty tree, 
in the holt-wood, 
holds and inhabits, 
by its roots fast, 
under heaven's roof, 
which men call 
Phoenix, on earth, 
from this bird's name. 
Hath granted to that tree 
the all-powerful King, 
Lord of mankind, 
as I have learn 'd, 
that it alone is, 
of all trees 
on earth's way 
upward soaring. 

Dirigii in Syriam celeres longava voUUtMi 
Phcmices noimen cui dedit ipta Venus^ 

Secretasque petit deserta per avia lucos^ 
Hie uoiper saUus sUva remota latet ; 

Turn legit aerio sublimem vertice pabnam, 
QtuB gratum Phoenix ex ape nomen habety 



beojihtaft jeblopen. 
ne maej him bicpej* pihc- 
fcylbum fce'SSan- 
ac jefcylbeb a. 
puna's unjepyjibeb. 
J>enben populb jTonbeiS :• 

most brightly flourishing : 

may not it aught of bitter 

wickedly injure, 

but, shielded ever, 

it shall continue unimpair'd, 

while the world stands. 

Donne pmb hjeS* 
pebeji biS paejep. 
hluctop heoponef jmi 
hah J j'cine^. 
beoS polcen topejen- 
pa&cpa }?ixy)>e. 
jTiUe ftonbaS. 
bij> ftojima jehpylc- 
hypeyeb unbep rpejle- 
fu|;an bhceS. 
pebep-conbel peapm* 
peopobvi lyhce*S. 
"Son on |?am celjum« 
eimbpan onjinneB* 
nejt jeappian. 
bi'S him neob micel* 
f he J>a ylbu. 
0}:ejTum moce* 


When the wind is still, 
the weather is fair, 
clear heaven's gem, 

10 holy, shines, 

the clouds are dispell'd, 
the bodies of waters 
stand still, 
when every storm is 
luird under heaven, 
from t/ie south shines, 
nature's candle warm, 
to multitudes gives light,- 
then on the branches 

ao it to build begins, 
to prepare a nest. 
It has great need, 
that it age then 
most quickly may. 

In cntam nulla nocens animans perrumpere possity 

Ltibricus out serpens^ aut avis ulla rapax. 
Turn ventos claudit pendentilms jEoIus antriSy 

Ne violent flabris aera purpureum ; 
Neu concreta noto nubes per inania cceli 

Summoveat radios soliSy et obsit avi, 
Construit inde sibi seu nidumy sive sepulcrum, 

Nam perit ut vivat, se tamen ipsa creat. 



J^ujih jepittef pylm. 
penban to bj:e* 
jieojij jeonj onjzon. 
)>onne peoji 3 neah. 
J^a fpeteftan. 
fomna'S ^ jaebpaiS. 
pypfca pynpime- 
J pubu-bleba- 
CO J^ani eapb-jrebe. 
ael^el-fcenca ^ehpone* 
pyjica pynpumpa* 
J?e pulbop-cymnj. 
paebep ppyni-Sa jehpaj* 
opep polban jepcop* 
to mbpyhtu- 
lelba cynne* 
J7>etep unbep JT>ejle. 
}wp he pylp biepelS. 
in f tpeop innan* 
tophte ppaetpe* 
pddfi Y^ pilbapujel- 
m )>am peptenne* 
opep heanne beam* 
hup jetimbpeS. 
phtij ^ pynjTim. 



through force of knowledge, 

turn to life, 

a young soul receive. 

Then far and near 

the sweetest it 

collects and gathers, 

pleasant herbs, 

and forest leaves^ 

to that dwelling-place, 

each fragrant odour 

of pleasant herbs, 

that the Glory-King, 

Father of every origin, 

over earth created, 

for the noble 

race of men, 

of sweet under heaven ; 

there itself bears 

into that tree 

bright treasures ; 

there the wild bird, 

in the waste, 

upon the lofty tree, 

a house constructs 

fair and pleasant. 

IS. MS. ^epsef. 

14. MS. folati. 

18. r. bepe^', 

CoUigit hinc succos et odores divite silvUf 

Quas legit Assgriusy quas opuletUus Arabsy 
Quas aut Pygmaa gentes, out India carpit, 

Aut molli generat terra Sabaxi sinu ; 
Cinnama dehincy auramque procul spiraniis amomi 

Congerity et misto balsama cum folio : 
Non caticB mitis, nee olentis vimen acanihiy 

Nee thuris lacrinuB guttaque pinguis abest; 
His addit teneras nardi pubentis aristasy 

Et sociai mgrrhm vivny panacea^ ivam* 

p 2 



T jepicaS J^aeji- 
fylf in ]?am j-olepe. 
•J ymb fere's ucan- 
in )>am leap-j'ceabe. 
he •] ):e}>pe. 
on healfe ^ehpape* 
hal^um ftencu* 
T >am sel?elercu. 
eojij'an blebum- 
jite"5 p}?ef puf - 
}>on rpejlef jim- 
on piniepej' cib. 
j'unne hacofC- 
opep fceabu j-cine'8. 
T jej'ceapu bpeojeS. 
populb jeonb-phcei5 
}>on peop^"8 hij'- 
hup onhaeceb. 
)>ujih habop JT>ejel« 
pypca peapmia'5* 
piU-pele jrymeS. 
J7>etu ppaeccum. 
|>on on ppole bypne'S 
|>uph pypej- penj. 
pujel mib nepte* 
basi hiS onaeleb- 
|>on bponb pece^* 
heope-bpeopjep hup- 
hpeob onetrelS* 

and dwells there^ 

itself in that chamber^ 

and surrounds, 

in that leaiy shade, 

body and wings, 

on either side, 

with holy odours, 

and with the noblest 

plants of earth : — 
10 it sits on journey bent. 

When heaven's gem, 

at summer's tide, 
[59 a.] the sun most hot, 

o'er the shade shines, 

and forms undergoes, 

o'er the world looks, 

then becomes its 

house heated, 

through the firmament serene ; 
90 the herbs grow warm, 

the lov'd chamber steams 

with odours sweet ; 

then with the heat burns, 

through the fire's grasp, 

bird with nest ; 

the pile is kindled, 

then the burning decks 

the blood*stained's house, 

fierce hurries, 

S8. r. heojio-. 

PratintiS instrato corpus mutabile nidoj 

VUalique toro membra quieta locat: 
Ore dehinc succos membris circumque supraque 

Jnpcity exeguits immoritura suis ; 
Tunc inter varios animam commendat odcreSy 

Depositi tanti nee timet iUaJidem. 
Inierea corpus genitali morte peren^pium 

JEstuati etflammam parturit ipse color ; 



pealo lij feofiina^- 
3 ]:enix bypne-S. 
pyjin-jeapum ppob. 
I^oii fyp J>ije«. 
l»nne lic-homan* 
lip hvS on ji^. 
jaejef peoph-hopb. 
ySn jilaefc ;] ban- 
hpsel'pe him eyt-cyme^< 
aej-tep pyppt-meapce. 
feoph ebnipe* 
p]?)>an 'ph, yj*lan* 
eyt onpnna*. 
aeptep lij-|>p8ece. 
locan to^sebepe- 
^eclun^ne co cleopenne 
Inline claene bilS. 
beophtapt nepta. 
baele popjpunben. 
heal'o-popef hop. 
hpa bi-S acolab* 
ban-pset ^ebpocen- 
■] j-e bpyne ppej^pafi. 
{'on op yaxn abe* 
aeplep jebcnep' 
on ]?flepe apcan bii$* 
epc jemefceb. 
op pS, peaxelS pypm* 

feeds the yellow flame^ 

and the Phoenix burns^ 

stricken with by- gone years ; 

then the fire devours 

the frail body, 

life is on its journey, 

the fated's spirit ; 

then flesh and bones 

the pile's flame bums ; 
10 yet to it returns, 

after a space^ 

life renew'd. 

When that the ashes 

again begin, 

after the flame's force, 

to combine together, 

clinging to cleave, 

when is clean 

that brightest nest, 
90 by the fire pulveriz'd^ 

the martial bird*s abode, 

the corpse is cool'd^ 

the bone-case broken, 

and the burning ceases ; 

then from the pile 

an apple's likeness 

is in the ashes 

found afterwards, 

from which waxes a worm 

^theriogue proeul de lumine concipit igneniy 
Flagrai et anUmstum solvitur in cinerem ; 

Quos veltU in massam cineres in morte coactos 
ConfkUf et effectum seminis instar habent : 

Hinc animal primum sine membris fertur oHri, 
Sedfertur vermi factetis esse color. 




punbpu yaejeji. 

j-pylce he op aejepuni' 


j'Ciji oj: fcylle- 

]?onne on j'ceabe peaxeS* 

f he aepejT bi'S- 

fpylce eajinej' bjiib- 

paBjep pujel-cimbep- 

*S6n }:upj?op jin. 

ppibalS on pynnum- 

f he bii5 psejTraum jehc^ 

ealbum eapne- 

^ aejicep }>on. 

}:e)?pum jeppaecpab- 

fpylc he sec jipym^e paep* 

beophc jeblopen . 

)?dn bpaeb peop}>e^S. 

eal ebnipe« 

epc acenneb. 

jynnum apunbpab* 

joimef on lice- 

ppa mon co ;jleopne. 

eop^an pa;ptmap« 

on haeppepce- 

ham jelsebeiS* 

pijre pynpurae. [59 A.] 

aep pincpep cyme- 

on pype]' ciman- 


wonderously fair, 

as it from an egg had been 

brought forth, 

pure from the shell. 

Then in the shade it waxes, 

so that first it is 

as an eagle's young, 

a fair young bird ; 

then further yet 

thrives joyfully, 

till it is like in form 

to an old eagle, 

and after that, 

with plumes adorn *d, 

as it was at first, 

bright-blooming ; 

then becomes large, 

all renew'd, 

born again, 

sunder'd from sins. 

Like as in summer, 

when man for sustenance 

earth's fruits 

in harvest 

brings home, 

pleasant food, 

ere winter's coming, 

at reaping time. 

3. S. jpilce he of m^e psejie. ut-alsbeb7 

SI. r. jumejiej. 

Creverit imtnensum subito cum tempore certo^ 
Seee ovi teretis coUigit in speciem ; 

Inde r^ormaJhiT qualisfuit atUefigwra^ 
Ei Plwaiix ruptis puUtUat exuviisy 

Ac velut agrestesy cumfilo ad saxa ieneniury 
Mutari thie€B papUimie solent. 



J>y laef hi jienef fcuji. 
apypbe unbefi polcnum* 
l^seji hi ppa^e meca'S* 
jzoboji-Jieje jepeon* 
'pon fopjt ^ fnap- 
mib ojzep-maejne* 
eop|>an |^ecca1$* 
pm tep- jepaebum • 
opj'aixi paejTmum pceal 
eopla eab-pelan. 
eyt alasban* 
]mph copnej' jecynb. 
J^e aep clsene bi'S* 
]*8&b onj^pen. 
]?onne pinnan jlaem- 
on lenctenne* 
hjzep cacen pece"B. 
populb-jeptpeon . 
J^aec )^a paepfcrnap beo"8. 
J^uph ajne jecynb. 
polban ppastpe* 
ppa pe pujel peopj^e"?. 
^omel aeprep jeapum. 
jeonj ebnipe. 
plaepce biponjen* 
no he pobbop J^je^S. 
me&e on molban* 
nemne mele-beapej'» 
bael jebypje. 

lest it the rain-shower 
destroy under the clouds ; 
there they find support, 
joy of refection, 
when frost and snow, 
with their predominance, 
earth deck 
with mnter- weeds. 
From those fruits shall 

10 a man riches 
again bring forth, 
through the grain's nature, 
which is at first a pure 
seed sown, 
then the sun*H gleam 
in spring 

wakens the sign of life, 
the world's production, 
so that the fruits are, 

20 through their own kind, 
earth's treasures. 
Thus the bird becomes 
old after years, 
and young, renew'd, 
with flesh invested ; 
it food touches not, 
meat on earth, 
save it of honey-dew 

90 a portion tastes, 

10. r. eoji]. 

Non iUi cibus est nostro coneessus in orbe. 
Nee ctuquam implumem pascere cura suftesty 

Ambrosios libcU ccUesti nectare rores^ 
SteUifero teneri qui cecidere polo ; 



j'e bjieofeS ope- 
ddt inibbpe nibte* 
bi ]?on fe mob^a bi)'< 
jreojih apebe'S. 
o)? |?»c jiypn jefetu- 
a^enne eapb^ 
ept jef ece^ :• 


which often falls 

at midnighty 

by which the lofty bird its 

life cherishes, 

till that its ancient seats, 

its own dwelling, 

again it Hceks. 


ponne bilS apeaxen* 
pypcum in jemonje. 
fujel pejjpum beal- 
peoph bi'S nipe* 
^eonj jeofona ]nil- 
]?onne he op ^peote* 
hif hc-leo]m cpa&ptij' 
pxt aep kj popnom- 
fomuaS )7)olef lape- 
peappu jejaebpaS* 
ban ^ebpopnab. 
aeptep bsel-J^paece* 
•5 )?on jebpinje^- 
ban ;j yplan^ 
abep lape- 
ept dstyomne' 
^ ]?dn ]^c psel-peap* 



When is grown up 

amdng the herbs, 

the bird with feathers proud, 

when life is new, 

young, full of energies, 

then it from the dust 

its body's members cunningly 

(that the flame ere consumed) 

collects, the fire's leavings 

skilfully gathers, 

the perish'd bones, 

after the fire's force, 

and then brings 

bones and ashes, 

the pile's relics, 

again together, 

and then that dead-spoil 

Has leffitf his aUtur mediis in odoribus aksy 
I}onec tnaturam proferat effi//iem. 

Ast tdn prinueva coepitflorerejuventoy 
Evolat adpcUriasjam rediiura domos: 

Ante tamen propria quicquid de carpare restait 
Ossaque vel cif teres exuviasque suas^ 




pypcum bitelbe"8. 

paejpe jepjiaetpeb. 

"Sonne Sjzyj'eb bi*?. 

ajenne eapb- 

ejx to fecan. 

)>onne potum ymbpehS- 

jrypej- lape- 

clam biclyppe'S* 

"3 hif cyYpu ejzfc. 

]*un-beopht jefecu. 

j-ece^ on pynnu- 

eabij e]?el-lonb- 

eall bi{$ j^nipab- [60 a.] 

jreoph 3 pe|>ep-homa* 

rpa he xt Fpym]^ psef*. 

pa. hine aepepc job. 

on )^ne 89]^lan ponj* 

pjop-jaeft pecce. 

he hip pylpep l?»p. 

ban jebpinje^. oo 

J'a aep bponbej* pylm- 

on beoph-ptebe. 

b»le pop]?ylmbe« 

apcan to-eacan- 

|>dn eal-jeabop- 

bebypje"8 beabu-cpsepcij> 

ban ^ yplan* 

on ]iam ealonbe- 

bi'S hun ebnipe- 

with herbs covers^ 

neatly adorns : 

then it is impeU'd 

its own dwelling 

again to seek^ 

then with its feet it grasps 

the fire's relics^ 

with its claws seizes, 

and its home again, 

its sun-bright seats, 

seeks joyfully, 

its happy native land. 

All is renew'd, 

its life and feather-covering, 

as it was at the beginnings 

when Qod it firsts 

in that noble plain 

triumphant set* 

It there its own 

bones brings, 

which ere the fire's rage, 

on the mound, 

on the pile, had encompass'd, 

the ashes also ; 

then all together 

the martial bird buries, 

bones and ashes, 

in that island. 

To it is new again 

9. %efpBetfaXit 

8. claj^um? 

Unguine bahameo myrrhaque et thwre soiuto 
Canditj et informam conglobat orepio; 

Quam pedibus gestans cofUendii soUs ad ortusy 
Inque ara residens, ponU in ode mura. 

Mirandam sese prastai, prabetque videniif 
Tctntus avi decor est, tantus ahundai honor: 



)^»pe pinnan fejn- 
J?on rP^S'^r Icoht. 
jiinma jlaboj^c. 
oj:ep japfecj up. 
aej^el-cunjla pyn- 
ecijTan lixe%. 
If pe pujel pejep. 
}:oppeapb hipe- 
bleo bpyjbum paj. 
ymb |>a bpeopt popaii- 
ip him f heapob- 
hinban ^ene- 
ppsetlice ppixleb. 
pupman ^eblonben* 
Jwn ip pe pmca* 
paejpe jebaeleb. 
fum bpun pixn bapu- 
]*um blacum pplottum* 
peapohce bepeceb. 
pinbon ]?a pij^pu- 
hpit hinbanpeapb* 
•3 pe halp jpene. 
nio]?opeapb "3 upepeapb* 
•5 f nebb lixe"?. 
ppa jlaep o]?)?e pm* 

the sign of sun, 
when heaven's light, 
of gems most joyous, 
up over ocean, 
of noble stars delight, 
shines from the east. 
The bird is fair 
of hue in front, 
its colour changeable 

10 about the breast before. 
Its head is 
green behind, 
curiously variegated, 
with scarlet blended ; 
then is the train 
beautifully divided, 
part brown part purple, 
part with paly spots 
cunningly studded. 

90 The wings are 
hindward white, 
and the neck green, 
downward and upward, 
and the beak glitters 
like glass or gem ; 

13. MS. pjiixletf. 

Principio color est quaUs sub sidere cceU^ 

Mitia quern croceo Pwnica grana legunty 
QwMs inest/oliis quafert aqreste papavery 

Cum pandit vestes Flora rubente solo. 
Hoc humeri pectusque decens vdamine fidgenij 

Hoc caput, hoc cervix^ summaque terga nitent ; 
Caudaque porrigiiur fidvo distenta metaUo, 

In cujus maculis purpura mista rubet, 
Clarum inter pennas insigne est desuper, Iris 

Pingere ceu nubem desuper cdta solety 
AUncat insignis misto viridante smesragdoy 

Etpuro cortiu gemmea cuspis hiat. 



jeajzlaf fcyne. 

innan *] utan* 

If feo eaj-jebyj\b. 

fteajic "3 hipe- 

fcane jelicaft- 

jlabum pmme* 

}>on in jolb-pate. 

)'ini)^a op]?oncu* 

bifeteb peop|>e1S. 

ij- ymb pone fpeopan- 

fpylce funnan hpinj. 

beaja beophtajr* 

bpejben pe'Spum. 

ppaethc If feo potnb neo)?an 

punbpu faejep. 

j'cip "J fcyne. 

If j'e fcylb ufan* 

jzpaetpum jejejeb- 

opep )?aBf pijlef baec- 

I'lnbon pa. jxancan* 

fcyllu bipeaxen. 

fealpe potaf • 

fe pijel If on hipe- 

aejhpaef senile* 

onlicojt pean* 

pynnum jepeaxen- 



the jaws comely 

within and without. 

The eye is 

strong, and in aspect 

to a stone most like, 

a sparkling gem, 

when in a golden vessel, 

by smiths' artifice, 

it has been set. 

Around the neck it is 

like the 8un*s orb, 

brightest of rings ! 

with feathers variegated : 

elegant is the belly beneath, 

wonderously fair, 

bright and beauteous : 

the shield above is 

curiously compos'd, 

over the bird's back : 

the legs are 

with scales o'ergrown, 

fallow the feet : 

the bird in aspect is 

in every way unique, 

most like unto a peacock, 

winsomely grown up. 

S4. sejhpseji? 

Ingentes oculiy credos geminos hgacinthosj 

Quorum de medio lucidajkawma micat. 
^qtuUur toto capOi radieUa coronay 

Phodkei referens verticis alia decus. 
Crura tegurU squammfiavo distincta metaUo, 

Agt ungues rosea pmgii honore color. 
Effigies inter pavonis mistajiguram 

Cemiiury ei pictam Phasidis inter avem. 



J^8ej' jeppitu fecja?- 
nij' he hinbejipeajib- 
ne hyje jaelfa. 
j-pap ne 17011 jop. 
j^pa pume pujlap. 
J^a )?e late Jnijih lypr. 
laca^ pij^pum* 
ac he ip pnel ^ ypipo* 
T ppij^e leoht- 
phtij T pynpum. 
pulbpe jemeayicab* 
ece ip pe »)?ehnj. 
pe )?e him f eab jepeiJ. 
Jwn he jepice?. 
ponjap pecan, 
hip ealbne eapb* 
op |njje e)?el-typp- 
ppa pe pujel pleojeiS- 
polcum o^apeb* 
monpi monna* 
^eonb mibban- jeapb* 
)^n pomna'S* 
pu}^an ^ nopf^an* 
eapcan ■] peptan* 
eopeb-cieptum papa«. 
peoppan *] nean* 
polca )?py)^um* 
|7sep hi pceapia]^* 
j'cyppenbep jiepe • 

[60 A.] 



of which writings tell. 

It is not sluggish^ 

nor in habit wanton , 

heavy nor dull, 

as some birds, 

which slow through air 

on pinions sport ; 

but it is prompt and swift, 

and very light, 

beautiful and pleasing, 

gloriously mark'd. 

Eternal is the noble Beings 

who that happiness to it gives. 

When it departs, 

its plains to seek, 

its ancient dwelling, 

from this region of earth ; 

as the bird flies 

to people manifested, 

to many men, 

over mid-earth, 

then they assemble, 

from south and north, 

from east and west, 

go in banded hosts, 

from far and near, 

in crowds of people, 

where they may behold 

the Creator's grace 

19. MS. oKeapetf. 

Magniciem terris Arabum qua gigniiur ak$ 
Vix (Bquare poUsif 9eufer€L^ seu sit avis; 

Nan tamen esttarda^ ut volucres qutB corpore magno 
Incessus pigros per grave pondus habent ; 

Sed levis ei velox, regaU plena deoorey 
Talis in aspectu se tenet usque hominum. 



jiaejpe on f^m jzu^Ie* 
fpa hi set pjiuman fette* 
pjopa j'0"5 cynmj. 
fellicjuin jecynb. 
j^isetpe fSR^jtSLn- 
ofep pujla cyn. 
Don punbjuaS* 
pepaj' opeji eoji)>an« 
pbte "J paejrma* 
"3 jeppitu extra's* 
munbu meapcia'S* 
on mapm-ftane* 
hponne pe baej ^ peo tib 
bpyhtum jeeape* 
ppaecpe plyht-hpatep- 
"Son pu^la cynn* 
on healpa jehpone* 
heapu l^inja^- 
pja"? pb-pejum. 
ponje lopia^* 
m«pa« mobijne. 
meajlum peopbum* 
"J ppa )^one hal^an- 
hpiuje betelba^- 
plyhte on lypte- 
penix bi)? on mibbum* 
}^peatum bif^pun^en* 
l^eoba pbta'S* 



fairly in that bird, 

as to it at first assign 'd 

the true King of triumphs 

a nature more excelling, 

a fairer decoration, 

over the race of birds. 

Then admire 

men on earth 

its aspect and its form, 

and in writings make known, 

with hands design 

in marble stone, 

when the day and the time 

to multitudes show 

^A^splendourof Me flight- prompt. 

Then the race of birds, 

on every side, 

in bodies throng, 

descend on the ample ways, 

praise by song, 

and magnify the lofty fowl 

with powerful voices, 

and thus the holy bird 

enclose around 

by flight in air : 

the Phcenix is in the midst, 

press'd by multitudes ; 

people behold, 

5. cont for ^se^epjian? 

IS. MS. meajim, with a dot under the e. 

10. MS. jepjiicu. 

17. MS. jehpo/ie. 

Canvenii j^gyptus tanii ad ndracula visuSj 
Et raram voluerem turba sahUat ovans : 

Protinns exseulpunt Mcrato in marmorefortnamj 
Et signani tUulo remque eKemque novo. 

Cantrahit in ccetum sese genus cmne volantumf 
Nee pradit memor.esi uUoy nee uUa meius. 



punbpu papa's* 
hu j-eo pil-jebjiyhfc. 
pilbne peopf^ia^* 
pojin aepceji oj^jiu* 
cjiaefCu cy)?a"S. 
•J pop cynmj maejia'S* 
leopne leob>ppuinan- 
Isba'S mib pynnu- 
eeyelne to eajibe* 
of^l's&t: pe anho^a* 
oiSpleojeS pej^pum j-nel. 
f him jepyljan ne mae; 
bpymenbpa jebpyhc- 
)?on bujuBa pyn. 
op yi]je eop]7an typp. 
ej?el pece^:- 


with wonder gaze^ 

how the devoted band 

the wild bird honour, 

flock after other, 

powerfully proclaim, 

aud their king magnify, 

their beloved chief 

lead with delights, 

the noble to its dwelling, 

till that the recluse 

flies away, prompt of wing, 

so that it cannot follow 

the joying flock* 

Then the delight of excellence, 

from this earth's turf, 

seeks its native land. 


Spa pe jepaelija. 
8ept:ep ppylt-hpile. 
hip ealb cyiSJ^e. 
epc jeneopa"?. 
paejpe polban- 
pnijelap cyppa"?. 

[61 a.] So the blessed bird, 

after its time of death, 
its old country 
20 again visits, 
its fair earth. 
The birds return. 

]. MS. pepatf. 

Alkuum stipata choro volat ilia per cUtum, 
Thirbaque prosequitur munere Uetapio; 

Sedpostguam puri pervenit ad atheris aurasy 
max redit istOy suis conditur Ula locis ; 

AtfortufmkB sortisfiUque volucrem ! 
Cui de se nasci prasiilit ipse Deus. 



pjiom )?a ju'B-fpecan. 
epc to eajibe- 
J?on fe se]?elinj biiS. 
jionj in jeajibum* 
job ana pat- 
cyninj selmihtij* 
hu hij' jecynbe hi"?* 
pif-habef ^e pepep . 
f ne pat aenij. 
monna cynnep • 
butan meotob ana* 
hu )?a pi]*an ]*inb • 
j.-aejep pypn jepceap- 
ymb }^»p pujlep jebypb 
)?aep pe eabja mot- 
eapbep neotan* 
pylle ptpeama* 
pubu-holtum in- 
punian in ponje- 
dpysBt pmtpa bi'S- 
]mpenb upnen- 
)^n bim peop]?e$< 
enbe bpep. 
hine ab ]?ece1S- 
tniph-aeleb pyp. 
hp8e}^e ept cyme"?, 
apeaht ppsetlice* 
punbpum to lipe* 
pop]?on he bpuj-enbe* 
bea% ne bipopjaiS* 

from the bold warrior bird, 

sad in spirit, 

again to home. 

Then is the nohle fowl 

young in its dwelling; 

God alone knows. 

King almighty, 

how its sex is, 

female or male, 
le that not any knows 

of the race of men, 

save the Lord only, 

how the ways are 


the fair decree of old, 

concerning this bird's birth, 

There may the blessed one 

its home enjoy, 

the welling streams 
20 in the woody holts, 

dwell in the plain, 

till that of winters are 

a thousand pass'd ; 

then to it is 

end of life, 

the pile it covers, 

thorough-kindled fire ; 

yet again it comes 

curiously rais'd, 
30 wonderously, to life ; 

therefore it sinking 

cares not for death. 

Fcemina vel mas h<BCy sen neutrum, seu sit utmmquey 
Felix qtuB Veneris fcuiera nulla colit ; 

Mors illi Venus est, sola est in mnrte voluptas ; 
Ut possit nasci, appetii usque mori. 



fape fpylc-cpale. 
)?e him fymie pac* 
aejztep lij-J^jiaece. 
lij: ebnipe-^ 
jieojih aejztep fylle. 
>dn Fpombce. 
J^ujih bjubbep hab. 
^ebjieabab peopJ^elS. 
ejit: op apcan* 
ebjeonj pepeS- 
unbep ppejlep hleo. 
hvS him pelp jehpae'Sep* 
]ainu "} ppflBf paebefi* 
^ pymle eac« 
ept yppe-peapb. 
ealbpe lape- 

popjeap him pe meahca< 
mon-cynnep ppuma* 
f he ppa ppaethce* 
peopj^an pceolbe. 
ept |?aBt lice. 
I^aet he aajipon p»p* 
pe]?jium bipon^en* 
)>eah hme pyp mme:* 



painful mortal pang, 

which et'er to itself is conscious of, 

after the flame's force, 

life again new, 

spirit after decay, 

when constantly, 

through state of youths 

it is drawn 

again from ashes, 

again is young, 

under heaven's shelter, 

to itself is both 

son and tender father, 

and ever also 

again inheritor 

of its old relics. 

Hath granted it the mighty 

Author of mankind, 

that it so wonderfully 

should become 

again that same 

that it ere was, 

with feathers clad, 

though it the fire consume. 


Spa ]7set ece hp. 
eabijpa jehpylc. 
sptep pap.ppsece 

So that eternal life 
each blessed one, 
after painful exile. 

Ipsa sibi proles f suus est pater et suus hareSf 

NtUrix ipsa sui, semper alumna sUn. 
Ipsa quidemy sed nan eadem, quia et ipsa^ nee ipsoy est, 

^temam viiam mortis ad^)ta bono. 



fylj: jeceopeiJ- 
l^ujib beojicne bed's* 
p he bpyhcnef mofc- 
aejzteji jeaji^bapim* 
^eopona neotan* 
on pn-bpeamu* 
T pyp&n a. 
ponian in pojiulbe* 
peojica to leane* 
j^ijjer pijler jecynb. 
pela jehcef . 
bi yam jecopnu* 
qujtef J^ejnii. 
beacna'S m buppim- 
hu hi beojihtne ^epean* 
]mph p»bep pultu- 
on )?af ppecnan cib- 
healba}^ unbep heoponu* 
"] him heanne bl»b« 
in ]?am upbcan- 
eBle jefcpynaj^- 
habba]^ pe ^eajxab* 
f ye a&knihtija* 
pophce pep "j pip- 
}mph hif punbpa ppeb* 
-;) hi )^a jej'ecce. 
on )H)ne felejxan- 
polban fceatef • 
]K)ne ppa beapn* 
nemnaS neopxna-pon;* 
Jwep hi nanjef paef • 
eabef onfyn. 
]?enben ecef popb- 

himself chooseth^ 
through dark death, 
that he may the Lord's 
(after a lapse of days) 
gifts partake, 
in everlasting joys, 
[61 £•] and ever after 

in that world continue, 
in recompense of works. 

10 This bird's nature 
is much like 
to the chosen 
servants of Christ; 
pointeth out to men, 
how they bright joy, 
through the Father's aid, 
in this perilous time, 
may under heaven possess, 
and exalted happiness, 

90 in the celestial 
country may gain. 
We have leam'd, 
that the Almighty 
wrought man and woman, 
through his wonders' might, 
and them then set 
in the choicest 
of earth's regions, 
which the sons of men 

ao name Paradise, 

where to them was not any 

lack of happiness, 

while the Eternal's word. 

11. jelic 1ft 
99. MS. seafcaK. 

14. Lit. points out in our towns. 19. r. heahne. 

88. r. f ceata. 




haljef hleo)?op-q>ibe« 
healban polban- 
on ];a nipan jepean- 
J^aeji him ni); jefcob. 
ealb-peonbef sefCft. 
fe hi set jebeab. 
beamef blebe. 
jWBfc hi bu J7ejun- 
aeppel unpaebum- 
ojreji eft jobef • 
bypjbon jzopbobene. 
}?8e]i him bitteji peap'S 
y)im)?u esfteji sete* 
•J hJTia eapepu fpa. 
faphc jymbel- 
pmu ■] bohtpu. 
popbon teonhce* 

to )?ar ibje« 

Sjealb aeptep j^lte. 
hsepbon jobep yppe- 
bittpe bealo-popje. 
J^aep }>a bype p]7]?an- 
jypue onjulbon* 
)?e hi J?8et jypl j?epin. 
opep ecep popb- 
pop]?on hy e"Slep pyn. 

op^^^P^ pceolbon* 
}^uph nsebpan mp* 
)?a heo neappe beppac- 
ylbpan uppe. 
in sep-ba^* 
l^uph paecne pep"?. 
f hi peop ]?onan* 
m )»ap bea'S-bene* 

17. r. pu|ibon. 




the Holy's revelation, 

they would hold 

in that new joy. 

There them hate o'erwhelm'd, 

the old fiend's envy, 

who to them proffer'd food, 

fruit of the tree, 

so that they both ate 

the apple thoughtlessly, 

against God's pleasure, 

tasted the forbidden. 

There to them was bitter 

misery after eating, 

and to their children so, 

a painful repast 

to their sons and daughters. 

They were harmfully 

* * * 

requited according to crime. 

They had God's anger, 

bitter baleful sorrow, 

for which their children since 

dearly have paid, 

that they that fruit ate, 

against M' Eternal's word ; 

for they the land's delight, 

sad in spirit, 

must give up, 

through the serpent's envy, 

when it painfully deceived 

our parents, 

in days of yore, 

through guileful spirit, 

so that they far from thence, 

in this mortal dell, 

18. Apparently defective. 


bjiohta^ fobtoii* 

sought a sojourn. 

foji^piljian jefetu. 

seats more sorrowful. 

him peap'S felle lip* 

To them was the better life 

heolftpe bihj^beb- 

in darkness hidden. 

T fe haljapon;* 

and the holy plain. 

Jmjih peonbef feapo* 

through the fiend's artifice, 

paepte bityiieb- 

fast closM, 

pmtjia menpi* 

for winters many. 

oypB^t pulbop-cynin;- 

[62 a.] till that the Glory- King, 

]mph hif hibep-cyme* 

10 through his advent, 

halpitn to-jeanep- 

towards the holy, 

mon-cyunep jepea* 

Joy of mankind. 

me)^a ppeppenb* 

Comforter of the weak, 

^ pe anja hyht. 

and our only hope, 

epc ontynbe:* 

it again open'd. 



Ip Jwn jehcapc. 
Jwep ye up leojmepap. 
popbum pecja*. 
^ ppitu cy)?aS. 
>ippep pujlep jepaep. 
)wn ppob oppepeS. 
eapb T ej^el. 
^ jeealbab biiJ- 
jepiteU pejuj-mob. 
pmtpum jebypjab. 
ysd\i he holcep hleo* 
heah jemecelS. 
m )?am he jetimbpe'S 
tanum *] pyjitum* 
ysxa seJ^elejTum* 

11. MS* CO heanej. 


Such is then most like 

(from what us doctors 

in words say, 

and writings show^) 

this bird's course, 

when sagacious it resigns 

home and country, 

and is old become, 

departs weary in spirit, 

with years oppress'd, 

to where it the holt's shelter 

lofty finds, 

in which it builds, 

with twigs and plants 

the noblest, 

17. lapeopar? IS. MS. peojibum. 





eapb-pic nipe* 

neft on beajipe- 

bi"? him neob micel. 

f he jieojih jeonj eyt- 

onpon mote* 

|>uph hjef blKjt. 

hj: 8Bj:teji bea}w- 

ebjeonj pej-an- 

■] hip ealb cy^Jni. 

pun-beojihc jepetu- 

pecan mote* 

aeptep }7ji-ba'Be. 

ppa "Sa pope- jenjan* 

ylbpan uppe* 


j?one phtijan ponj* 

•5 pulbpep ped* 

leophc on lajtre* 

tni^on lonpie p"?* 

m heapmpa honb* 

J^aeji hmi hettenbe* 

eajime ajlaecan* 

opt jepcoban* 

psepon hpsej^e monje* 

]?a ^ raeotube* 

jehypbun unbeji heoponu 

halpim "Seapum* 

bsebum bomlicum* 

f hun bpyhten peapiS* 

heopona beah cyninj* 

holb on mobe* 

•Baet ip pe hea beam* 

m }^am hal^e nu* 

pic peapbia"?. 

a new dwelling-place, 

in the grove a nest. 

To it there is much need, 

that, young, it spirit again 

may receive, 

through blast of flame, 

life after death, 

be agaui young, 

and its old country, 
10 its sun-bright seats, 

may seek, 

after the fire-bath. 

So those forerunners, 

our parents, 


that beauteous plain, 

and seat of glory, 

lovely, behind, 

went a long journey, 
90 into the hand of harms, 

where them enemies, 

miserable wretches, 

oft oppress^. 

Were yet many, 

who the Creator 

under heaven obey'd, 

with holy rites, 

with bounteous deeds, 

so that to them the Lord was, 
30 heaven's high King, 

kind in spirit. 

That is the lofty tree, 

in which saints now 

their habitation hold. 

26. MS. pe ^ehypbun. 



]?8eii him pihte ne mas;- 

ealb jreonba nan* 

atpe yceypan* 

pacnef tacne* 

on ]>a j^iecnan tib* 

Jwji him nejnc pypce'B. 

PI'S m)?a ^ehpam* 

baebum bomhcum* 

bjiyhcnef cempa* 

)^n he s&lmejyan* lo 

eajimum baeleS* [62 &•] 

bujej^a leapim* 

'] him bjiyhcen jecyj8. 

jaebeji on jmlxnim* 

la&nan hpef • 

leaht^f bpaefce]^* 

mijice man-baebe* 

healbeiS meotubef £• 

bealb m bpeojtnim* ao 

■] ^ebebu fece^* 

claenu ^ehyjbum* 

*] bif cneo bije'B* 

«ipele to eojif^an* 

flyhiS yjJa jehpylc- 

^mme pelcaf • 

poji jobef ejfan* 

jlasbmob -^yjmeU* 

]^aet he ^objia maqr- 

baeba jej^iemme* ao 

J'am hip bjiyhten ]*cylb- 

m ppVL jehpane* 

fijojia palbenb* 

peojiuba pil-pepi* 

where them may not in aught 

any old fiend 

with venom injure^ 

token of guile, 

in the hour of peril. 

There him a nest works 

against each enmity, 

by bounteous deeds, 

the Lord's champion, 

when he alms 

to the poor deals, 

to the void of blessings, 

and the Lord to him calls, 

the Father to his aid, 

forth hastens, 

of this frail life 

the crimes blots out, 

the murky wicked deeds, 

holds the Creator's law 

boldly in his breast, 

and prayers seeks, 

with pure meditations, 

and his knee bows 

piously to earth, 

flees every evil, 

horrid sins, 

for dread of God 

joyful yearns, 

that he the greatest number of 

good deeds may execute : 

to him is the Lord a shield 

at every season, 

the Giver of victories. 

Ruler of hosts. 

S3, 84. r. f isojia pU-^icpa* p^ojiuba palbenb. 



J?if J?a pypta pnb. 

paefrma blebe- 

]?a ]'e pilba pujel* 

fomna'S unbeyi j'pejle* 

pbe "3 pibe. 

Co hip pic-pcope* 

J?aeji he punbpum pwpt- 

PI'S nif^a jehpam* 

neyt jepypccS. 

Spa nu in ]?am picum • 

pillan ppemma'S- 

mobe "J meejne. 

meotubep cempan* 

msep'Sa tnl^a'S* 

Jwp him meopbe pile. 

ece aelmihcij. 

eab^e popjilban. 

beo^ him op j^am pyptum- 

pic jej"Caj7elab. 

m pulbpep bypij- 

peopca Co leane* 

)?8ep ^ hi jeheolban* 

halje lape* 

hate set heoptan* 

hije peallenbe* 

baejep "j nihcep. 

bpyhcen lupaiS* 

leohce jeleapan* 

leopne ceopaiS. 

opep populb-pelan* 

ne bij? hi pynne hyhc. 

f hy ^ly laene lip. 

Ion J jepunien* 

J?uj' eabij eopl. 

These are the plants, 

t/ie choice of fruits, 

that the wild fowl 

gathers under heaven, 

far and wide, 

to its dwelling-place, 

where it wonderously fast, 

against each enmity, 

works a nest. 
10 So now in their habitations 

his will promote, 

with mind and main, 

the Lord's champions, 

virtues cultivate, 

for which to them rewards will 

the eternal Almighty, 

blessed, give. 

Shall be for them from those plants 

a habitation founded 
ao in glory's city, 

in recompense of their works, 

for that they held 

the holy lore 

fervently at heart, 

with ardent soul, 

day and night ; 

love the Lord 

with bright belief, 

the Beloved choose 
30 above worldly wealth ; 

to them t*h no hope of joy, 

that they this transitory life 

long contmue. 

jil man thus happy 

17. eab^e agrees with meojibe, 1. 15. 

24. MS. eojican. 



ecan bjieamef • 
heofona hame]\ 
mib heah-cynin;* 
eapnaiS on elne- 
o]^)?set enbe cyme's* 
]>dn beaS nimeS* 
pija pael-jippe. 
paepnum jeJ^iyJ^S. 
ealboji anjia jehpsaf • 
*] in eoyijmn jise^m* 
pnube fenba%* 
paplum binumene* 
bene hc-homan* 
l^aeji hi lon^e beolS- 
gS pyjiep cyme. 
p>lban bi]wahte- 
ISon mon^e bee's* 
on jemoc laeba)^* 
pypa c^nnep* 
pile paebeji en^Ia* 
pjojia poS cyninj* 
peono)^ 2®hejan* 
bupi'Sa bpyhten* 
beman mib pyhte* 
]^n ffipipce* 
ealle jeppemma)^* 
men on molban* 
ppa pe mihtija cynin^' 
beobeiS bnexo enzla* 

opep pbne ^unb* 
papla nepjenb* 
hiS pe beopca beaiS* 
bpyhtnep meahtum* 

S. heoponlican ? 

eternal joy, 

a heavenly home, 

with the high King, 

earns with his zeal, 

till the end cometh 

of diurnal number, 

then death takes^ 

blood-greedy warrior, 

by his darts expels, 
10 the life of every one, 

and into earth's bosom 
[63 a.] quickly sends, 

of souls depriv'd, 

the frail bodies, 

where they long shall be, 

till the fire's coming, 

with earth bedeck'd. 

When the multitude shall be 

into the meeting brought 
90 of the race of men, 

will the Father of angels, 

just King of triumphs, 

a synod hold, 

the Lord of virtues 

judge with right, 

when their resurrection 

shall accomplish all 

men in earth, 

as the mighty King 
30 commands, the Lord of angels, 

by trumpet's voice, 

o'er the wide world. 

Saviour of souls, 

the dark death shall be, 

by the Lord's might, 
9. MS. i^tjif'pet, 19. r. laebeb. 



eabjum jeenbab. 
siSele hpeoppa^- 
}^peacum {'jiinjiKS- 
)?on J?eof populb. 
fcylb-pypcenbe • 
in foome bypne'S* 
abe onseleb* 
peojiJ^e'B anpa jehpylc« 
jiopht on F€p)?J?e* 
|?on pyji bpice"?* 
bene lonb-pelan. 
lij eal ]>i5ei5. 
eojipan aeht-jeftpeon- 
aepplebe jolb- 
PFPe j:op5pipe«. 

jjiaebij rP«l5«*- 
lonbef Fpaecpe. 
J?on on leohc cymeiS. 

aelbnm J^ifr^F" 
in ]?a openan cib- 
jiaejeji "j xepeabj. 
pujlej' cacen- 
)?on anpalb eal* 
on bypjenum. 
ban jejaebpaiS- 
leomu he fomob- 
-i Ujep seept- 
pope qwpfcep cneo- 
cynmj J^pymhce- 
op hip heah-pede- 
halpi pcineB. 
phcij pulbpcp Jim- 
pel bi]' )^am 'pe mot* 
m J?a jeompan cib. 
jobe hcian :• 


to the blessed ended. 

Nobly they shall go, 

in bands press on, 

when this world, 


shamefully shall bum, 

with fire scorched. 

Each one shall become 

fearful in spirit, 
10 when fire feeds on 

the land's frail wealth, 

flame devours all 

earth's possessions, 

appled gold, 

eagerly grasps, 

greedy swallows 

the land's treasures. 

Then comes into light 

to men this 
» (at that hour of disclosure) 

fair and joyful, 

bird's betokening ; 

when power all 

shall raise up 

in the sepulchres, 

the bones gather, 

limbs, body together, 

and the flame's guest, 

before Christ's knee, 
30 the King with majesty, 

from his throne, 

to the holy shall appear 

a beauteous gem of glory ; 

well shall it be for those who may, 

at that sad time, 
to God be pleasing. 




Dsep )^ lic-homan* 
leaht^ cl»ne* 
^onja'S jLebmobe* 
jaejTaj- hpeojipiiS. 
in ban-patu* 
|?6n bjiyne ftijeiS. 
heah to heoponu* 
hac hxS mon^;uin* 
ejej-lic »]eb. 
{?dn anjia jehpylc- 
piSjaeft je f^nnij* 
fapel mib lice* 
ppo molb-jjiapim- 
f Bee's meotubef bom* 
pojihc ajsejieb* 
jpyp biS ontihte* 
aeleS uncyjTe. 
)»se}i |>a eabjan beolS* 
Bspceji pp»c-bpile* 
peojicum bipon^en* 
ajenum baebum* 
ysdt }^a BEipelan pnb* 
pyjita pynpime* 
mib }^ Y^ pilba pi^el* 
hif rylfCf nefC* 
bifete'S utaD* 
f hic jaepin^a- 
jryjie byjineS- 
p>pfpele'S unbep f unnan 
■] he rylpi mib» 
^ ]Kin ffijrteji hje* 


There the bodies, 
clean of sms, 
joyful shall go, 
the spirits shall pass 
into their bodies. 
When the burning rises 
high to heaven, 
hot shall be to many 
the dreadful fire : 
[63 i.] when every one, 

both just and sinful, 
soul with body, 
from the mould-graves, 
seeks the Creator's doom, 
fearfully appal'd, 
the fire is on its course, 
bums men's vices ; 
there the bless'd shall be, 
after their space of exile, 
by their works encircled, 
their own deeds* 
Those are the noble 
pleasant herbs, 
with which the wild bird 
its own nest 
surrounds without, 
so that it suddenly 
with fire bums, 
under the sun kindles, 
90 and itself with it, 

and then, after the flame, 


16. on tihte ? 



Kj: epfc onpehiS- 

fpa bi"8 anjia jehpylc. 
jJaefce bi]x>u2eii* 
pjia cynnef • 
»nkc ^ ebjeonj. 
fe l;e hif Sjnum hep. 
piUum jepypceS. 
f him pulbop-cyninj- 
meahtij »& ^ msej^le* 
milbe jepeopJ^eiS- 
)^n hleoj^piaS* 
halje 3»pfcap. 
papla ro'Spaerte. 
pon; ahebbaiS* 

cla&ne ^ j^^P^"^* 
hep^aiS c^iunjep ]^pym 
pcepn sepcep pcepne. 
ptijaiS CO pulbpe* 
pbfcije jepypfcab* 
mib hypa pel-baebum* 
bee's )^n amepebe* 
monna ^eptap* 
beophte abypbe* 
j^uph bpyne pypep. 
ne pene ]>aep aenij* 
aelba cyiuiep* 
f ic lyje-popbu- 
leo« pomn^e. 
ppifce po'S-cpaepfce- 
jehypa'S pitebom- 
lobep pebbinja- 
Jmph jaepfcep blseb* 
bpeoptum onbpypbeb* 

life again receives 


So shall be every one 

with flesh invested 

of the race of men 

excellent and young again^ 

who here for his own 

willingly works^ 

so that to him the King of glory^ 
10 mighty^ at that meeting, 

will be merciful^ 

when shall speak 

holy spirits, 

just souls^ 

song shall raise, 

pure and chosen, 

shall praise their King's majesty, 

voice after voice, 

shall to glory mount, 
90 sweetly perfiim'd 

with their good deeds. 

Shall then be prov'd 

the souls of men, 

brightly elaborated, 

through the fire's heat. 

Let therefore no one think, 

of the race of men, 

that I in lying words 

songs collect, 
ao write in poetry : 

hear the wisdom 

of the songs of Job, 

through the spirit's gift 

in his breast inspir'd. 

20. i. e. perfumed with sweet-smelling plants. 

S4. abjfbe 




bealb peojibabe* 

pulbjie jepeoji^ab- 

he f pojib 2eq?»'B* 

Ic J^aefc ne pophycje. 

heojitan 2e)H>ncuin* 

ysRt ic m minu nefte* 

neo-beb ceofe* 

hsele hp^ P^J^S* 

^epite hean ]?onan* 

on lonjne yi^* 

lame bit^olben* [64 a.] 

jeomop ju-bseba* 

in jpeotef pseiSm- 

;] )>dn septep bea]^« 

|mph bpyhcnef jiepe- 

fpa fe pu^el penix* 

jreoph ebnipe* 

septep aepifte* 

a^an mote* 

bpeamaf mib bpyhten- 

|?8Bp peo beope fcolu* 

leopne lopa'S- 

ic ]^8ef kpef ne msej- 

ejipe to ealbpe- 

enbe ^ebiban* 

leohtep -] hijU" 

yeah mm Lc ]*cyle« 

on molb-sepne* 

molpiab peopl^an- 

pypmu to pyllan. 30 

fpa-)^ah peopuba job* 

aejrtep fpylt-hpile. 

pple alypeiS- 

3 m pulbop apeceiJ* 


bold he spake^ 

with glory honourM ; 

he these words said : 

^ 1 reject it not 

from my heart's thoughts^ 

that I in my nest 

a death-bed choose^ 

a weary human corse^ 

depart abject thence, 

on a long journey, 

with clay cover' d, 

sad for former deeds, 

into dust's bosom, 

and then after death, 

through the Lord's grace, 

as the bird Phoenix, 

a new life, 

after resurrection, 

may possess, 

joys with the Lord, 

where the dear assemblage 

praise the Beloved. 

I of that life may not 

to all eternity 

an end expect, 

of light and comforts. 

Although my body shall, 

in the earth-house, 

become corrupted, 

a prey to worms, 

yet the God of hosts, 

after the hour of death, 

will my soul redeem, 

and into glory raise ; 

4. Job xxix. IS. 

nea- i 

18. r. ^eo-. 



me ysRf pen naejrjie* 
pojibijifte'S in bjieoftu 
"Se ic in bjiejo enjla* 
poji'Speajibne jepean* 
pefte haebbe. 
Dur FPob juma. 
in jyim-bapim. 
pebbabe ^leap-mob- 
jobep fpel-boba* 
ymb hif sejufte- 
in ece hp* 

^ pe )>y S^P^^P* 
onpetan meahten* 
tip-psept tacen* 
]>set pe cophca pujeL 
]?uph bpyne beacna'S* 
bana lape* 
apcan ^ yplan* 
eaUe jepomna*. 
8&pcep hj-bpyne» 
laebe]? pl^Jmn* 
pu^el on potu- 
tx) ppean jeajibum* 
punnan to-jeanep* 
]^8ep hi p]^]?an pojiiS* 
punia^S pintpa pela* 
paeptmum jenipab* 
eallep ebponj* 
]?sep aeni; ne msej* 
in ]?am leobpcype^ 
lej^l^um hpopan- 

me therefore hope never, 

fails in my breast, 

which I in the Lord of angels, 

(forward joy) 

firmly have/ 

Thus a wise man, 

in ancient days, 

sang, of soul sagacious, 

Ood's prophet, 
10 about his resurrection 

into eternal life ; 

that we the better 

might understand 

the glorious token, 

that the bright bird, 

through its burning shows. 

Its bones' remnant, 

ashes and cinders, 

it all gathers, 
90 after its body's burning, 

bears them then, 

the bird in its feet, 

to the Lord's courts, 

towards the sun, 

there it thenceforward 

continues winters many, 

in form renew'd, 

quite young again : 

there not any may, 
30 in that country, 

with loathly cries. 

ppa nu leptep bea'Se* 

So now after death, 

25. r. he. 26. r. puoaif. 

SI. Here some lines are evidently wanting, though the MS. has no hiatus. 



]mj\h bjiyhcnef miht* 
fomob pl^ia)?* 
fapla mib lice* 
pe^e jefjifiefcpeb- 
pujle jebcaffc- 
in eab-pelum* 
8e}wlum ftencum* 
j>»ji feo pJ^fSBfte- 
pinne hhceiJ. 
pliti; opeji peojiebuni" 
in pulbjier byjiij :• 


through the Lord*s mighty 

together journey 

souls with body, 

fairly adorned, 

(to that bird most like) 

into blessedness, 

with sweet odours, 

where the righteous 

sun gives Ught, 

beauteous Over multitudes, 

in glory's city. 


Donne poiSja&jtum- 
papluni pane^. 
heah opeji hpopap- 
hffilenbe qupc* 
him polpaiS* 
pu^lap pcyne- 
beophte jebpebabe. 
blippum hpemije. 
m )^m jlaban ham* 
ja&ptap jecojiene- 
ece to ealbpe* 
Jwp him yjJe ne meej' 
pah peonb jemah* 
pacne pce}4^an* 
ac ]?8e]i hpja'S a* 
leohte pepebe- 
ppa pe pujel penix* 

[64 A.] 


When to just 

souls shines 

high over all 

the Saviour Christ, 

him follow 

beauteous birds, 

rapidly impel'd, 

blissfully exulting, 

in that glad home, 

chosen spirits, 

to all eternity. 

There them evil may not, 

foul hostile wickedness, 

by guile injure, 

but they there shall ever live, 

with light surrounded, 

as the bird Phoenix, 

14. Lit. over roofs. 



in fjiedpvi bpyhtnef . 
pbtije m pulbpe* 
peopc anpa jehpaep- 
beophte blice^* 
in )?am bli]^an hSsn* 
pope onpyne. 
ecan bpyhtnep . 
pymle in pibbe* 
pinnan ^ehce- 
J'sep pe beopht:a bea;* 
bpojben punbpum.* 
eabijpa jehpam* 
hbpa'S opep heapbe- 
heapelan hxa'S- 
]?pyme bi];eahte> 
•Seobnep cyne-jolb. 
j'o'SpaBptpa jehpone- 
peUic jlenjeiS. 
leohte m bpe* 
]?8Bp pe lonja jepe»> 
ece ^ ebjeonj. 
»ppe ne ppe>pa«. 
ac by in pbte puma's* 
pulbpe bitolben* 
paejpu ppaetpu* 
mib paebep enpla- 
ne bilS bim on )7am picum 
pihfc CO popje. 
ppoht ne pe^eh 
ne jepin-bajap- 
bunjop pe bata* 
ne pe heapbe J^uppt. 
ypm]?u ne ylbo- 




in the Lord's peace^ 

beauteous in glory. 

The works of every one 

sball brigbtly shine 

in that glad home, 

before the face 

of th' eternal Lord, 

ever in peace, 

like to the sun. 

There the bright crown, 

wonderously variegated 

with precious stones, 

of each blessed one 

rises o'er the head : 

their brows shall glitter, 

with majesty bedeck'd ; 

the Lord's regal gold 

each of the just 

shall, admirable, adorn, 

brightly in that life, 

where the lasting joy, 

eternal and ever young, 

never abates, 

but they shall in beauty dwell, 

with glory cover'd, 

fair ornaments, 

with the Father of angels. 

Is not to them in those dwellings 

aught for sorrow, 

crime nor poverty, 

nor days of trouble, 

the hot hunger, 

nor the hard thirst, 

misery nor age ; 

5. MS. bli)>ain. 



him fe Kpel^ cyninj. 


to them the noble King 

pojippe* joba jehpylc- 

gives every good : 

)?8Bp ^a^fta jebjiyht. 

there the host of spirits 

helenb hep^a'S- 

praise the Saviour, 

^ heojrou-cyninjef • 

and of heaven's King 

meahte m»pfia'8« 

the power celebrate. 

papa's metube lop • 

sing to the Creator praise : 

fpmfa* pb-jebpyhc. 

the kindred band resounds 

fpeja nuBfte* 

with loudest melody. 

hsebjie ymb ^dst halje- lo 

sweetly around the holy 

heab-felb jobef • 

throne of Ood ; 

bb)?e bletr^'^* 

blithely bless 

bjieju feleftan- 

the Lord most excellent. 

eabje mib en^Ium- 

the bless'd with angels. 

epen hleo}^j\e ]mr« 

even thus with voice : 

pb p J^ folS job. 

' Peace be to thee, true God, 

3 fnytfcjiu-cpaejzt. 

and power of wisdom. 

^ J^e J^onc jy. 

and to thee be thanks. 

J^jiym-pctenbum. [65 aJ] 

sitting in majesty. 

jeonjpa sypena* 90 

for thy recent gifts 

joba jehpylcep. 

of every good. 

micel tinmaete* 

Great, unmeasur'd, 

maepief ftpenySu* 

thy might's strength, 

heah ;] hah;* 

high and holy : 

heoponap finbon- 

the heavens are 

pejpe jcFylleb. 

fairly filled. 

pebep sehnihti;- 

Father almighty ! 

ealjia j^ymma Jrpym* 

Majesty of all majesties ! 

J^mef pulbpep' 

with thy glory. 

uppe mib enjlum* ao 

up with angels. 

^ on eojiiSan j'omob. 

and on earth also. [ginnings 1 

2e|:jieo]^a upc pjiymj^a fcyppenb< 

> Protect us. Creator of all be- 

]m eapt pebeji »Imihtij* 

thou art Father almighty, 

in heanneffe* 

in the realm on high. 

heopina palbenb- 

Ruler of heaven/ 

ss. MS. ft:|ienifu. 



"Buf peojifoufS* 


manef Itmejiebe- 

in t^sejie msejian byju;. 

cyne-)?jiym cy]?a"8. 

cafejiej' lop jinjaS. 

on fpejle. 

f ©"Speftjia jebjiyhfc- 

]?am anum if* 

ece peoji^Smynb. 

pop's butan enbe* 

n«r hif FIiym« ajrpe. 

eabef onjyn. 

]?eah he on eopj^an heji- 

]?u]ib cilbef h^* 

cenneb psepe* 

in mibban-jeapb* 

hp8e]?pe bif meahta fpeb 

beah opep heoponum- 

ball; punabe* 

bom unbpj'ce* 

^ab be bea}^ep cpeabn* 

on pobe-fcpeop- 

psepnan pceolbe- 

l^aphc pite- 

be ]?y |?pibban b»je. 

septep beep bpype- 

hp ept onpen;* 

]nipb psebep pultum* 

ppa pemx beacnaiS- 

^eon; in jeapbum- 

job-beapne]* meaht* 

)7dn be op apcan- 

ept onpscneS* 

in bpep bp. 


Tbus sball speak 

the rigbteous doers^ 

those prov'd against wickedness, 

in tbe great city, 

the royal Majesty sball proclaim, 

sing their Sovereign's praise, 

in beaven, 

{the assembly of tbe just) 

to wbom alone is 
10 eternal honour, 

forth without end. 

His origin never was, 
nor of his happiness beginning, 
though be here on earth, 
in childhood's state, 
was brought forth 
on mid-earth, 
yet his powers' plenitude, 
high o'er the heavens, 
ao holy continued, 
his decree inviolate, 
though he death's pang, 
on the rood-tree 
bad to suffer, 
torment intense. 
He the third day, 
after his body's fall, 
life again receiv'd, 
through his Father's aid. 
80 As the Phoenix shows, 
young in its dwelling, 
the divine Child's might, 
when it from ashes 
again rises 
into the life of life, 

34. MS. onpaecneb. 


leomu -^epun^en* 

with limbs complete, 

fpa ye haplenb uf* 

so the Saviour for us 

helpe ^ejijiemebe. 

help effected, 

j^ujih hif licej- jebal* 

through his body's death. 

hf but:an enbe- 

life without end. 

fpa ye pijel fpetum* 

As the bird 

hif p^jiM tu. 

its two wings 

J pynjiimii- 

with sweet and pleasant 

pyyicum jepylleiJ. 

herbs filleth. 

fBsijixim polb-pa&ftmum- 

10 with the fair fruits of earth. 

Jwn ajyj-eb htS* 

then is impel'd away. 

}wc pnbon J^a pojib* 

those are the words. 

fpa uf jepjiicu pecjaiJ' 

which us the Scriptures tell, 

hleo]?op hah^a* [65 

£•] the voice of saints, 

^ him to heoponum bi'S- 

of whom to heaven is. 

CO l^am milban ^obe* 

to the benignant God, 

mob apypeb- 

the spirit impel'd, 

m bjieama bjieam- 

into joy of joys. 

)?8Bp hi bjiyhtne to pejre. 

where to the Lord as a gift. 

popba ^ peopca* 

9u of their words and works 

pynpimne ptenc. 

the pleasant odour 

m }^a msepan jepceapc* 

into the great creation. 

meotube bpinjaiS. 

they to the Creator bring. 

m ^ leohte hp- 

into that bright life. 

py him lop pymle. 

Be to him praise ever. 

}^uph populb populba* 

through all ages. 

^ pulbpep blseb- 

and plenitude of glory. 

Sp 3 onpalb* 

honour and power 

m ]?am upLcan* 

in the exalted 

pobepa pice- 

30 kingdom of the skies. 

he ip on pyht cyniiij* 

He is rightful King 


of middle earth. 

^ maejen-JTiymer- 

and of majesty 

pulbjie bipunben- 

with the glory encircled. 

3. MS. elpe. 




in J^aepe plitijan byyiij, 
V^SLfoX up alypeb. 

luClf BMCtOJi- 

f pe motun hep* 

j6b-b8Bbum bepetan* 
^aubia m celo* 
]^8ep pe motun* 
maxima pejna. 
pecan ^ ^piCfcan. 
pebibup altij'. 
hf^an m lippe. 
lucip efc pacip- 
ajan eapbm^a- 
alma letiti»> 
bpucan blaeb-baja- 
blanbem et nucem* 
jepeon pjopa ppean- 
pme pne» 
3 him lop pmjan- 
laube pepenne- 
eabje mib enjlum- 
allelma :• 

in that beauteous city. 

Us hath allow'd 

the Author of light, 

that we may here 


by good deeds obtain 

joys in heaven, 

where we may 

the amplest realms 
10 seek, and sit 

on lofty seats, 

live in the comfort 

of light and peace, 

possess dwellings 

pleasant of joy, 

prosperous days enjoy, 

bland and mild 

the Lord of triumphs see 

without end, 
90 and to him sing praise, 

with laud perpetual, 

happy with angels. 

Hallelujah ! 


)>pet pe "Sa&t hypbon* 

hseleiS eahtian- 

beman bseb-hpate* 

^te m bapim ^elamp. 


pe 2®onb mibban-^eapb 


Tes I we that have heard, 
that men persecuted, 
judges prompt of deed — 
that which in the days befell 
of Maximian, 
who throughout mid-earth, 




ajileaf cyninj. 

eahtnyjje ahoj:* 

cpealbe cjujt;ue men. 

cijican pylbe. 

jeac on jpaef-ponj. 

job-hep jenbpa. 

h8e)>en hilb-ppuma* 

halijpa blob* 


paep hip pice bpab. 

pib ^ peop"Sbc. [66 a.] 

opep pep-]>eobe. 

lytejTia opep eabie* 

ypmenne- jpunb • 

pojion aeptep bupjum* 

)7a he biboden haepbe* 

j>ejnap )^y*8pulle. 

ope hi ]?p8ece psepbon* 

b»bum jebpolene- 

J?a ye bpyhfcnep £• 

peobon )mph ppen-cpsept* 

peonbpcype paepbon^ 

hopon hsef^en-jielb* 

halje cpelmbon* 

bpeotun boc-cpa&pfcje. 

bsepnbon jeoopene* 

jaejton jobep cempan* 

jape -J hje. 

pum peep aehfc-pehj. 

sej^elej- cynnep* 

pice jepepa. 

ponb-bupjum peolb. 

eapb peapbabe* 

opfcapt pymle- 



impious king ! 

raisM persecution, 

slew christian men, 

the church o'erthrew, 

shed on the grassy plain, 

of those praising God, 

the heathen war-chief, 

of the holy the blood, 

of the right-doers. 

His realm was broad, 

wide and famous, 

over mankind, 

almost over all 

the ample earth. 

Went from town to town, 

as he had bidden, 

tyrannic ministers ; 

oft they raisM violence, 

erring in deeds, 

those who the Lord's law 

hated in their wickedness ; 

rais*d enmity, 

idolatry exalted, 

slew the holy, 

destroy *d the learned, 

burned the chosen, 

a£9icted God's champions 

with dart and flame. 

There was a wealthy vum 

of noble race, 

a powerful count, 

who rul'd o'er the armed burghs, 

the land defended 

repeatedly ; 

6. MS. hep^enba. 

18. MS. op. S6. MS. bsejibon. S7. Lit. guested. 
B 2 




in Jwpe ceajt:pe. 
commebia heolb* 
ofc he hse}?en-2ielb- 
ojreji popb jobep. 
peoh jepohce* 
neobe jeneahhe- 
pser hi noma cenneb. 

hsepbe ealbopboni- 
micelne ^ msepne. 
'Sa hip mob onjon* 
psemnan lupian- 
hine pyppec bpaec 


hio m ^aepte bsep- 

halje tpeope- 

hojbe jeopne. 

f hipe msBjS-hab. 

mana ^ehpylce]** 

pope cpipcep lupan- 

clsene jeheolbe. 

Da psep pio pasmne* 

mib hype paebep pillan* 

pelejum bipebbab- 

pypb ne pul cu)>e. 

ppeonb-paBbenne • 

hu heo ppom-hojbe- 

jeonj on jaepte- 

hipe paep jobep ejpa- 

mapa m jemynbu* 

]>on eall ];aet maj^l^um-jeftealb 

J?e m J^aep aej^ebnjep. 

aehcum punabe> 



in the city 

c>/*Nicomedia kept 

his treasures. 

Oft he idols, 

against God's word, 

temples, visited, 

for his need sufficiently : 

the name he bare was 

Heliseus ; 

he had command 

great and illustrious. 

Then his mind began 

to love a damsel, 

(him desire subdued) 

Juliana : 

she in spirit bare 

holy faith, 

earnestly resolv'd 

that she her maidenhood 

of every sin, 

for love of Christ, 

pure would hold. 

Then was the damsel, 

with her father's will, 

to the rich atie betroth 'd. 

He knew not well her destiny, 

his friendship 

how she loath'd, 

the young in her spirit. 

To her was awe of Gknl 

in her mind greater 

than all the treasure 

that in that noble's 

possession dwelt. 

14. Lit. curiosity him brake. 

SO. MS. ma na. 



[66 6.] 

j>a peer j-e pelija* 

]?aepe piF-ji}:ttt- 

jolb-j-pebij juma- 

jeojin on mobe« 

^ him mon ppoinbcajr 

jiaemiian ^ejyfiefoe* 

bpyb CO bolbe* 

heo ]?aef beopnef lupan 

yxyte piiShojbe. 

j>eah ye feoh-jeptjieon 

unbep hopb-locan* 

hypj-ca finpim* 

sebce opep eoj\)^an- 

heo y^Rt eal poppeab- 

3 ]?8et popb aq'se'S* 

on pepa menju* 

Ic ]?e maej jepecjan. 

l^aet yu yec pylpne ne )wappc 

j^pijwp j^pencan* 

pp J^u poiSne job. 

lupapt J jelypept- 

T hip lop paepept. 

onpecepc 2»pta hleo* 

ic beo jeapo pona* 


pillan )nnep- 

ppylce ic ye pecje. 

pp )7u CO psempan jobe- 

]>uph beopol-jielb* 

bsebe bij^ncepc* 

haecpS haej^en-peoh* 

ne meahc ]?u habban mec* 

ne jel^eacian* 

ye Co jepinjan. 




Then was the wealthy one 

for the espousals^ 

the man rich in gold, 

desirous in mind^ 

that for him most promptly 

the damsel should be made ready^ 

a bride in his dwelling. 

She the chieftain's love 

firmly withstood, 

although he riches 

in hi^ coffers, 

jewels uunumber'd, 

upon earth possess'd : 

she all that despisM, 

and these words said, 

among many people : 

' I to thee may say, 

that thou thyself needest not 

more affict, 

if thou the true God 

lovest and believest, 

and his praise exaltest, [spirits : 

comprehendest the Shelter of 

I am forthwith ready 


for thy will. 

In like manner I to thee say, 

if thou in a worse god, 

through idolatry, 

dost indeed confide, 

promisest heathen oiferings, 

thou niay'st not have me, 

nor force me 

thee to espouse ; 

S. r. ]^«pa. 

SI. r. hiptft. 

34. r. {ejiDisaii. 




ii8e}.7ie Jm Jwj- fpiiSlic. 

rap jejeappajt:. 

}^uph hseftne nv6> 

heapbpa pita* 

]wc ];u raec onpenbe* 

popba ]?iJTa* 

Da pe sej^elin^ peap'S* 

yppe ^eboljen* 

ppen-bsebu pdi- 

jehypbe ]?8epe psemnan popb 

het 1$a ^epetijan* 

pepenb pnelle- 

hpeoh -J hyje bhnb- 

hali^pe psebep* 

pecene to pune* 

peopb dp-aptaj- 

pil^l^an hy tojaebpe- 

^apap hla&nbon* 

hilbe ]?peminan* 

faaeiSne paepon bejen* 

jynnu peoce- 

ppeop ^ a)?um- 

"Sa peopbobe* 

picep hypbe. 

pi^ J^aepe psemnan paebep* 

ppecne mobe- 

bapa'S ha^benbe* 

me ^m bohtop hapaiS* 

jeypeb oppyp"8u 

heo me 5n an papa's* 

f heo maej-lupan- 

mmpe ne jj^me* 

ppeonb-paebenne • 

me J^a ppaceiSu pmb- 

18. By way of salutation. 

SI. so beo}:o1-feoc, diemoniacus. 

never thou so violent 

pain shalt prepare 

(through hasty anger) 

of hard torments, 

that thou me shalt turn 

from these words.' 

Then was the noble 

with anger troubled, 

the stain'd with sinful deeds : 
10 he heard the damsel's words ; 

bade then fetch 

swift messengers 

(cruel and blind of soul) 

the holy maiden's father 

quickly to council* 

Their voices rose, 

after they together 

their weapons had inclin'd, 

the stout m war. 
go Heathens were both, 

sick with sins, 

father- and Bon-in->law« 

Then spake 

the realm's guardian 

with the damsel's father 

in rugged mood, 

raising his spear t 

' Me thy daughter hath 

shown indignities ; 
30 she to me saith at once, 

that she for my conjugal love 
careth not, 

my friendship : 

to me these insults are 

19. r. ^jiymman. 



on inob-j-epm* 
mie]t:e peopce- 
f heo mec fpa topne* 
tsele ^epahte. 
jiojie l^ijjum poke* 
hec me pjiembne job- 
opep |?a dpjie* 
J^ pe sBji cu)H)n* 
pelum peoppma* 
pojibu lopan* 
on hyje hepjan^ 
op^e hi nabban. 
jefpeajic ]?a j-pi-S-pep* 
Ypeoji adpteji pojibe* 
]wpe pemnan }3ebep> 
jzep'S-locan onfpecm* 
ic f jefpepxe. 
)niph poiJ-jobu. 
ppa ic ape set; him* 
aejrpe pnbe* 
oppe l^eoben eet pe» 
pme hylbu* 
pm-buppim m* 

PF V^T pop^ r™*^ PJ^' 

monna leojapt* 
|?e Jm me pajapt. 
f ic hi ne ]*papi2a* 
ac on ]*pilb p/^e« 
I'eoben mwpa- 
pe CO ;epealbe> 
bem ]m hi CO beaJpe* 
pp {'e jebapen ]?mce* 
]7a Co hpe Isec 
j7a }7e leopTie py. 

in mind 

the greatest trouble^ 

that she to me thus angrily 

reproof hath utter'd^ 

before this folk ; 

bade me a strange God, 

above the others 

that we ere knew, 

with our wealth worship, 
JO by our words praise, 
[67 aJ] in thought magnify, 

or her not have.' 

Darkened then the violent, 

the father-in-law, after these 

the damsel's father, [words^ 

his mind disclos'd : 

* I that swear, 

by the true gods, 

(so may I honour with them 
90 ever find, 

or, my lord, with thee, 

thy favour, 

in our peaceful cities,) 

if these words be |true, 

dearest of men, 

that thou to me sayest, 

that I her will not spare, 

but to perdition give, 

illustrious lord, 
ao into thy power. 

Judge thou her to death, 

if it to thee seem good, 

or let her live, 

as to thee liefer be/ 

4. r. ^ejieahre. 
30. MS. j^Fcaib. 

1 6. Lit his soul's cofTer unlocked. 
33. jpa an error for ot'Ve ? 



eobe pa. yjiomhce* 
paemnan co fppaece- 
anpseb "3 ype-J^eojij- 
ypjie jebol^en* 
ymji he jl»b-mob* 
jeonje pifte. 
pic peajibiaii* 
he ]?a popbe cpK"S» 
"Su eajit bohtoji mm* 
reo byjiefte. 
•] j'eo fpecefte* 
in ]*epm mmum* 
anje poji eojif^an* 
minpa eapia leoht- 

)m on;ea];e hapajt;* 
]>uph ]>m ojileju- 
ojreji pitena bom» 
pifan jeponjen* 
piiSfaBcefC Jm co n>i|^« 
fylpjie paebef • 
)nnum bjiyb-juman* 
f e If betjia Jwn ]?u. 
8e]>eljia pop eop];an- 
peoh- jeptpeona • 
he If to fpeonbe job* 
]:op)K>n If ]?aBf pyp}^* 
Jwc |m Jwf pepef ppije 
ece eab-lupan* 
ail ne poplaete :• 

Went then promptly 

to speech with the damsel, 

resoly'd and cross'd with ire, 

with anger irritated, 

to where he glad of mind 

knew the damsel 

to be abiding. 

He then said by word : 

' Thou art my daughter, 
10 the dearest, 

and the sweetest, 

in my soul 

my only one on earth, 

light of my eyes, 


thou ungraciously hast, 

through thy hostility, 


against wise men's judgment, 
90 taken thy course ; 

thou too stubbornly reiusest, 

through thy self-will, 

thy bridegroom. 

He is better than thou, 

nobler before the world, 

more abounding 

in money-treasures : 

he as a friend is good ; 

therefore for this 'tis worth, 
30 that thou this man's love, 

eternal happiness, 

abandon not.' 




T^im l^a )*eo eabje* 
a^eaj: Ij'pape. 

hio to 2obe hepbe* 
yLSSpoe ^eftal^elab* 
naeppe ic jftey j'eobnef • 
J^apan pille- 

jeojinop bijonje- 
\fdn he ^^n by be* 
lupje mib lacu. 
I^one ]?e leoht; jej'cop- 
heopon ^ eojiSan* 
^ holma bijon;- 
eobepa ymb-hpyjipfc. 
ne mse; he ellef mec* 
bpinjan to bolbe* 
he ]7a bjiyb-lu):an fceal 
CO o}wppe« 
seht-jeftealbum • 
ibepe fecan- 
napi'S he senij hep* 
hype J>a ]>uph yppe. 
a^eap "^ppape* 
paebep peonbhce* 
nalep ppa&tpe oohehc* 
ic y^t ^eppemine* 
jip mm peoph lei>pa%* 
jip I'u unpsbep • 


[67 A.] 



Him then the blessed maid 

answer gave^ 

Juliana ; 

she with God had 


firmly establish'd : 

* I never with this Lord 
will consent to 

save he the God of might 

worship more zealously, 

than he yet hath done, 

love with offerings 

him who the light created, 

heaven and earth, 

and the seas* expanse, 

the circuit of all space : 

he may me not otherwise 

bring to his dwelling ; 

he conjugal a£Pection must 

in another 

(with his treasures) 

woman seek, 

none hath he here.' 

To her in anger then 

answer gave 

her father hostilely, 

promis'd not ornaments : 

* I that will perform, — 
if my soul liveth, 

if thou from evil counsel 

34. 1*. senile. 



sep ne jefpicejt:. 

"3 )?u jipembu jobu- 

jioji'S bijonjeft. 

^ )?a pojilsecejx* 

)?e uf leoppan pnb« 

)?e )?ifj'um jrolce- 

to jrjieme ftonbaiS* 

]^8et )?u unjeapa- 

ealbpe fcylbij. 

]>uph beopa ^pipe* 

beaj'e j'pelcefC. 

PF )>u jfipSLpan nelc* 


mobjep 2^inanan* 

micel If f onpn* 

^ )?pea-nieblic- 

]?inpe pelican* 

f |?u fophycje. 

hiapopb upne. 

|>iin )?a j*eo eabje. 

a^eaj: t)]T^P^« 

jleap ^ jobe leop. 


ic )?e CO foiSe. 

pecjan pille- 

bi me lipjenbpe. 

nelle ic lyje ppemman< 

nseppe ic me ODbp»be< 

bomap ]?me« 

ne me peopce jinb* 


hilbe poman* 

}^ )ni haeftlice* 

man-ppemmeube ^ 

to me beotapt. 

ne J>u naejipe jebept. 

ere cease not, 

and thou strange Gods 

still wilt worship, 

and those forsake, 

which to us are dearer, 

which for this folk's 

prosperity stand,— ^ 

that thou forthwith, 

in life condemn'd, 
10 through gripe of beasts, 

by death shalt perish ; 

if thou wilt not permit 

my mediation, 

this lofty man's society. 

Great is the attempt, 

and afflictive 

of thy like, 

that thou despisest 

pur lord.' 
20 Him then the blessed maiden 

answer gave, 

prudent and dear to God, 


' I to thee in sooth 

will say, 

while I live, 

(I will not lying perpetrate) 

never will I dread 

thy dooms, 
30 nor are to me a trouble 

torment's terrors, 

war's alarms, 

which hastily thou, 

evil perpetrating, 

threaten'st me with ; 

nor shalt thou ever do. 



J^ujih jebpolan j^inne* 
|wt )?u mec acyppe* 
ppom cju]t;ef lojie* 
ISa pffif elleu-pob* 
yjipe T jiej^e. 
jrpecne ;j jreji-S-jpun* 
pebep PI'S behtep* 
het hi ]7a fpmjan* 
jnifle J^eajan- 
pitnim ps^an* 
T J^set popb acps&'S* 
onpenb J^ec in 2®pitte< 
;j 'pBLfOfib oncyp* 
'pe 'pu unjuyctpum- 
aep jefpjiaece. 
]>a ]m ;oba ujja* 
jielb pophojbeft. 
)>iin peo unpophte- 

l;uph jaepc-jehyjb. 

neppe ]m jelapept* 
^ ic leapinjum* 
buinbum ^ beapu- 
beopol-^ielbum • 
jaepce j^m'Slum- 
^apul onhate- 
]?am pyppejtum. 
picep J^epium- 
ac ic peopiSi^e* 
pulbpep ealbop- 

"} hi anum co» 

eal bij^ence* 

l^et he niunb-bopa* 



[68 a.] 


through thy error^ 

that thoQ me avert 

from love of Christ.' 

Then was fiercely raging, 

angry and savage, 

rugged and fierce of soul, 

father with daughter : 

bade her then be scourged, 

with torment punish'd, 

with tortures mov'd, 

and the word said : 

* Turn thee to thy wits, 

and the words disclaim, 

that thou unwisely 

ere didst speak, 

when thou our gods' 

sacrifice didst despise.' 

Him the fearless damsel 

answer gave, 

through ghostly resolve, 

Juliana : 

' Never shalt thou induce me, 

that I to false 

dumb and deaf 



tribute promise, 

to the worst 

ministers of torment ; 

for I worship 

the Prince of glory, 

of mid-earth, 

and of majesty ; 

and in him alone 

wholly confide, 

that he Protector 



min jepeop)7e« 

helpenb ;j haelenb- 

PI'S hell-fceajnim- 

hy )?a )?uph yppe- 


jzaebeji j^&mnan a^eaj:* 

on }:eouba j^pealb* 


he m sepinje- 

jelaeban hec« 

ejitep leohtef cyme* 

CO hij' bom-fetle. 

buju? papibe» 

on ^sejie jiaemnan pbte< 

j:olc eal jeabop- 

hy ]?a pe ae'Selinj* 

aepept jpecte* 

hJTie bpyb-juma- 

bb)mm popbum* 

mtn pe ppecepfca. 

punnan pcima* 


hpaet ]m jlsem hapapt* 

jinpaepce jiepe- 

jeoju^-habep bl«b- 

jip )?u jobum uppum. 

jen jecpemept- 

"] }^ to ppa milbum- 

munbbypb pecepc- 

ylbo to halpim* 

beo^ 'pe ahylbeb ppam- 

ppa)^ ^efophtpSL' 

pita unpun- 

jpimpa jypna. 




mine become. 

Helper and Saviour, 

against hell's ruffians/ 

Her then angrily 


her father, the damsel, gave 

into her foes' power, 

to Heliseus. 

He at early dawn 

bade her be led^ 

after light's coming, 

to his judgment-seat. 

His followers with wonder gaz'd 

on the damsel's beauty, 

the folk altogether. 

Her then the chieftain 

first greeted, 

her bridegroom, 

with kind words : 

* My sweetest 

sun's brilliancy, 


yes, thou hast brightness, 

ample gifts, 

youth's flower. 

If thou our gods 

wilt yet propitiate, 

and at such mild ones 

wilt protection seek, 

life at the holy, 

from thee shall be averted 

forthwith, for thy deeds, 

the torments numberless 

of cruel engines, 

so. Lit. age, duration of life. 



pe )?e jejeappab pnb. 
jij: ]?u onj^ec^an nelc 
fo)>um pelbum. 
Dim feo ae]?ele maej. 
ajeaj: 'jyV^jte* 
nffifrpe |;u jej^eacaj-c 
)nnum beotum* 
ne pica peay j:ela» 
pjiaiSpa jejeappajT. 
'pBBt ic ]?eobpcype. 
]7inne lupe- 
buton J'u poplaete* 
)?a leapin^a- 
peoh -peopi5in ja • 
^ pulbpep job. 
onjyce jleapljce* 
jsepta fcyppenb. 
meotub mon-cynnep* 
in y^Y meahtum pnb* 
a butaii enbe* 
ealle jepceapta* 
iSa pop pam poke- 
ppecne mobe* 
beot-popbum pppaec- 
bealj hine ppi]^e« 
^ 'pBL paemnan bet- 
J'uph niS-ppaece* 
nacobe J^ennan* 
^ mib ppeopum ppinjan 
pynna leape. 
ffhloj }?a pe bepe-pinc« 
hopp-popbum pppaec- 
)np ip ealbopbom* 



[68 b.] 


which for thee are prepared, 

if thou wilt not sacrifice 

to true divinities.' 

Him the noble maiden 

answer gave : 

^ Never shalt thou compel 

by thy threats, 

nor so many cruel 

torments shalt prepare 

that I thy 

fellowship will love ; 

unless thou forsake 

those leasings, 


and the God of glory 

wisely wilt know, 

Creator of spirits. 

Lord of mankind, 

in whose power are, 

ever without end, 

all creatures.' 

Then before the people, 

in rugged mood, 

in words of threatening spake, 

was much irritated, 

the people's lord, 

and the damsel bade, 

through hostile vengeance, 

naked be stretched, 

and with whips scourged, 

the sinless. 

Laugh'd then the warrior, 

in words of mockery spake : 

' This is chief command. 

99. r, }»enian. 




uncjief jepinnej'. 
on ppuman sejionjeii' 
jen ic peopej' J^e. 
unnan pille* 
]^ah ]7u 8ep pela* 
popba jepppaece. 
onpoce CO JT^iJ^e- 
l^aet ]ni poS-jobu* 
lupian polbe* 
]7e ];a lean pceolan* 
pi|?ep-hy cjenbe • 
pite bpojan* 
mpxji peop]7an* 
butan yu. aep jnp hi- 
"3 hun J>onc-pypJ>e. 
8e}.-fcep leahcop-q?ibu. 
lac onj-ecje* 
pibbe jepecte. 
laec )7a pace pejtan* 
la's leob-jepin. 
jif J>u lenj opep fij-. 
J'uph l^in bol-pillen* 
jebpolan pyljepc. 
^n ic nybe pceal* 
ni]7a jebaebeb- 
on J'aepe jjiimmepcan 
job-pcylb ppecan. 
topne fceon-cpibc. 
^ yu caelnippum- 
pi)? J?a pelepcan. 
paean onpinne- 
"] ]7a milbeptan* 

in our warfare, 

assumed at the beginning : 

yet I life to thee 

will grant, 

though thou already many 


words hast spoken, 

hast refus'd too stubbornly, 

that thou the true gods 
10 wouldst love ; 

retribution shall to thee 


horrors of punishment, 

after be, 

unless thou ere with tiiem 

be reconciled, 

and to them thankworthy, 

(after thy blasphemies,) 

gifts offer, 
20 peace establish. 

Let then contention rest, 

hateful strife. 

If thou longer after this, 

through thy foolish will, 

error foUowest, 

then I needs must, 

by her hate compel'd, 

on the fiercest adversary, 

impiety avenge, 
30 angry blasphemy, 

with which thou by insults, 

against the most excellent, 

hast resolved to strive, 

and the mildest 

24. r. ^inne bol-pillan. 

87. ni>e? 



)>apa ye men picen* 

J^e ]fey leobfcype inib him 

lon^e bieobe. 

him ^t ae|7ele mob* 

unpopht oncpae^- 

ne onbpaebe ic me* 

bomaf J'me* 

apyjijeb pom-fceaSa* 

ne ]?mpa pita bealo* 

hsebbe ic me to hyhte* 

heopon-jucej' peajib* 

milbne munb-bojian* 

msejna palbenb* 

j-e mec jepcylbe^S* 

pi% )>mu fcmlace* 

op SPomjia gupe. 

^e ]^u to ^obum tiohhajt;* 

«a pmb jeapne. 

joba jehpylcep * 

ible oppeopme* 


ne }?»]i ppeme mete%* 

ppa sem;* 

yoVe pibbe* 

]>eah 'pe pece to hmi* 

pjieonb-paebenne • 

he ne pnbe'S 'pssji* 

bxxffipe mib beoplu* 

ic to bpyhtne nun* 

mob ptajwlije* 

pe opeji msejna jehpylc* 

palbeiS pibe peph* 

pulbpep a^enb* 

pijopa jehpylcep. 

f ip foi cynmj:* 

92. MS. mecer. 




[69 a.] 

whom men know^ [selves 

whom this people among them- 

long have venerated/ 

Him that noble spirit 

fearlessly addressed : 

' I dread not 

thy dooms^ 

cursed foul ruffian ! 

nor thy torments' bale : 

I have for my hope 

heaven's kingdom's Guardian, 

a mild Protector, 

of all powers Ruler ; 

he will shield me 

against thy delusion, 

from the gripe of foes, 

whom thou hast set up for gods : 

these are void 

of every good, 

vain, destitute, 

needless ; 

not there profit findeth 

any man, 

true peace ; 

although he seek from them 


he findeth not there 

virtue with devils. 

I in the Lord my 

spirit fix, 

who over every power 

swayeth through ages, 

Prince of glory, 

of every triumph ; 

He is the true King.' 

95. add he after ^e. 




Da ]>ain yolc^to^hti' 

jipacuiSkc )>uhce* 

f he ne meahce* 

mob oncyppan* 

p&innan pope-]H)nc* 

he bi peaxe bet* 

ahon ^ ahebban* 

on heanne beam* 

l^aep feo pm-j'Ciene. 

fleje J^opabe^ 

face fm-jjumme» 

fiex tiba baejef . 

^ he aebpe het. 

ejx afettan- 


'J j^lsebau bibeab* 

to capcejme* 

hyjie paef cpijrej- lop. 

in pep'S-locan* 

psejte bipunben- 

milbe mob-pepan. 

msejen unbpice* 

■8a paej' nub clujtpe- 

capcepnej- bupu- 

behhben hompa jepeopc* 

hall J J^aepmne- 

pseppaept: punabe* 

pymle heo pulbop-cyninj< 

hepebe aet heoptan* 

heopon-picep 50b. 

m )?am nyb-clapan* 




When to the chieftain 

it seem'd heinous^ 

that he could not 

her mmd convert, 

the damsel's resolution, 

he by the locks bade 

her be hang'd, and rais'd 

on a high tree, 

where the simbright maiden 

stripes sufiFer'd, 

fierce ceaseless enmity, 

six hours daily ; 

and he her forthwith bade 

again be taken down, 

(her hated foe) 

and to be led commanded 

to prison. 

To her was praise of Christ 

in her soul's recess 

fast intwin'd, 

in her mUd spirit 

strength unbroken. 

Then was with lock 

the prison's door 

shut, the hammers' work ; 

the holy maid therein 

faithful continued ; 

ever she the Glory- King 

prais'd at heart, 

heaven's kingdom's God, 

in that place of durance. 

31. -clyiran or -cleofan ? 




nejijenb ppa. 
heolftjie bihelmab- 
hyjie paBf halij jaej-c* 
pnjal jep«. 
Sa cpom femnm^a* 
m f hbn-paeceb. 
hsele'Sa jeprnna* 

yjzeler 'Jpir- 

haepbe enjlep hip- 

jleap xypn-jtapa. 


belle hsejitlm;* 

to ];aepe haljan fppaec* 

hpaec bpeojept )?u* 

j'eo bJTieffce- 

•] j-eo peopj^epte. 


bpyhtne upjiim. 

'Se ^ey bema hajia'S* 

)?a pyppepfcan. 

pifcu jejeappab. 

pap enbe leap. 

jip yu onpecjau nelt. 


•5 hip 5obu q>eman. 

pej' }>u on opepte. 

j-pa he J^ec ut heonan* 

laeban hate* 

f \fu lac hpa)>e' 

onpecje pjop-tippe. 

sep )?ec ppylt nime. [69 6.] 

bea^S pope bujuSe- 

J>y )7u )>8ep beman j'cealc 

eab-bpe&j maej- 

yppe jebyjan. 

ppaejn )?a ppomhce. 



the Preserver of men, 

with darkness shrouded. 

To her the Holy Spirit was 

a constant companion. 

Then came suddenly, 

into that grated house, 

the foe of men, 

expert in evil, 

{he had an angel's form, 

the skill'd in snares, 

the foe of souls, 

the thrall of hell), 

spake to the holy maid : 

* What suflFerest thou, 

O dearest, 

and worthiest, 

for the King of glory, 

our Lord ! 

For thee this judge hath 

the worst 

torments prepar'd, 

pain endless, 

if thou wilt not sacrifice, 

wisely reflecting, 

and his gods propitiate. 

Be thou in haste, 

as he thee out from hence 

bids lead, 

that thou an ofiering quickly 

sacrifice, a noble victim, 

ere thee destruction seize, 

death for thy virtue ; 

whereby thou shalt this judge's 

(blessed maiden !) 

anger avoid.' 

Ask'd then boldly. 




feo ye jzojiht ne paef • 

cjiijte jecpeme. 

hponan hif cyme pepe* 

hype fe ppaec-maecja* 


ic eom enjel jobej-. 

upan pj^enbe. 

fejn jej^un^en. 

;j to J>e penbeb* 

hali; op heah]7u* 

]?e pmb heapblicu* 

punbpum pael-jpim. 

pitu ^eteohhab* 

to jpmj-pjuece. 

het J>e job beoban* 

beapn palbenbep- 

)?aBt |;e bupje J^a- 

«a p«p peo psemne. 

pop )?am psep-ppelle* 

ejpan jeaclab. 

J>e hype pe ajlaeca* 

pulbpep pij^p-bpeca. 

popbum psejbe- 

onjan J^a pseptbce* 

pep% pta)>elian* 

jeonj jponbopleap. 

to cleopianne* 

ic ]^ec beopna hleo* 

bibban piUe* 

ece aelmihtij* 

|7uph ]>aet »]>ele jepceap- 

J>e )?u p«bep enjla* 

aet ppuman pettept. 

I^set l^u me ne laete* 




she who afraid was not, 

to Christ acceptable. 

Whence his coming were ? 

To her the exile 

replied : 

' I am Grod*s angel, 

journeying from above, 

a minister illustrious, 

and to thee sent, 

holy from heaven. 

For thee are stem, 

wonderously cruel, 

torments prepared, 

for mortal vengeance. 

God bade me to thee announce, 

the Son of the Supreme^ 


Then was the damsel, 

for that crafty speech, 

with terror chill'd, 

which to her the wretch, 

Glory's adversary, 

said in words. 

Began then firmly 

her soul to settle, 

young, profound, 

to cry : 

^ I thee, refuge of mortals ! 

will beseech. 

Eternal Almighty ! 

by the noble creation, 

which thou. Father of angels ! 

didst at the beginning set, 

that thou let me not 

10. MS. heah>u. 

20. contr. for ^cacolab. 

12. MS. peljpim. 17. add )>u after )>bbc? 

26. 27. No alliteration. 



Of lojre hpeoppan* 

J'lnpe eab-jijre. 

fpa me J^ef ap boba'S. 

Fpecne paep-rpell- 
J>e me pope ffconbe?. 
rpa ic J>e bilpitne- 
bibban piUe* 
Jwfc J>a me jecy^Se. 
cyninja pulbop* 
}?pymef hypbe. 

hpaet ^ey l^Z^ 17' 
};e mec laepe'5 ppom ^e* 
OD pceapcne pej* 
hype ytepi oncp80"8. 
pliti; op polcnum* 
po]ib hleoj^pabe* 
poppoh |7one ppsetjan* 
"2 fBBf^e jehealb^ 
6p>yd&t he hif pfB-paefc. 
pecje mib pyhfce. 
eahie ppom opbe- 
hp»t hip sej'elu pyn. 
iSa pffif }wpe psomnan* 
pep"? jebhppab. 
heo J'aec beopol jenom* 



turn from the praise 

of thy blessed grace, [ceth 

as to me this messenger announ- 

an impious crafty speech, 

who before me standeth. 

So I thee Merciful 

will beseech, 

that to me thou manifest. 

Glory of kings ! 

Lord of majesty ! 

what this mmister is, 

floating in air, 

who me urgeth from thee, 

on a rugged way.' 

Her a voice addressed 

sweet from the clouds, 

words utter'd : 

' Seize the specious anCf 

and fast hold, 

till that he his journey 

rightly relate, 

all from the beginning, 

what his attributes are/ 

Then was the damsel's 

soul rejoiced, 

the noble one's. 

She the devil took 

* * « 

ealpa cynm^a cyninj- [70 a.] ^ of all kings King, 
CO cpale pyllan* to betray to death. 

Ba jen ic jecpsepce. 3o Then yet I contriv'd. 

26. r. -eabijjie. 

30 Lit. effected by craft. 

27. Here a leaf of the MS. is wanting, 
s 2 




f ye cempa onjon. 

palbenb punbian* 

peojiub co-j-ejon. 

J?aet ]?aep blob ^ pastep. 

butu aet-jaebjie. 

eoji)?an j'ohtnin. 

iSa jen ic hejiobe. 

in hyje bij-peon* 

]^8et he lohannef bibeab* 

heajrbe biheapan- 

"Sa fe halja peji.- 

)?aepe pip-lupan • 

popbum fCyjibe- 

impyhcpe ae. 

eac ic jelaepbe. 

fimon peapo*]^oncum* 

f he paean onjou* 

pij? J?a ^^copenan* 

cjufcep J>ejnap. 

^ l^a hal;an pepap- 

hoppe jepahte. 

]7uph beopne jebpolan^ 

paejbe hy bpyap paepon. 

ne)?be ic neapo-bpejbr. 

I^aep ic iiepon bippac- 

f he acpellan bet* 

cpijt;ep J?ejnap. 

pecpup "5 paulup- 

pilatup aep on pobe ahenj- 

pobepa palbenb* so 

meotub meahnjne* 

mmum lapum- 

ppylce ic ejiap. 

eac jelaepbe. 

f he unpnytpum- 

8. MS. bifpeop. 


that the soldier resolv'd 

the Lord to wound^ 

{tke multitude look'd on) 

so that there blood and water, 

both together, 

sought the earth. 

Then yet I Herod 

in mind incited, 

that he commanded John's 

head to be cut ofF, 

when the holy man 

that woman-love 

by words reprov'd, 

that unlawful marriage. 

Also I instructed 

Simon by my arts, 

that he began strive 

against the chosen 

ministers of Christ, 

and those holy men 

with contumely reproach'd, 

through profound error ; 

said they were sorcerers. 

I dar'd by pressing guiles, 

that I Nero deceived, 

so that he bade slay 

Christ's servants, 

Peter and Paul. 

Pilate ere had hang'd on the rood 

the Ruler of the skies, 

the mighty Lord, 

through my devices. 

I in like manner Hegias 

also instigated, 

that he unwisely 

25. yeett MS. bifpeac. 




anbpeaf hec 

ahon halijne* 

on heanne beam* 

f he Of jaljan hij*. 

jaepfc oDfenbe* 

m pulbjief plite* 

'puy ic piia];]ia jiela. 

mib minu b]io]7]iu* 

bealpa jejipemebe* 

j'peajicjia pynna- 

ye ic afec^an ne msej* 

pume apeccan* 

ne jejuni pitan* 

heapbjia het:e-]?onca« 

bun peo haije onq>8ei$- 

]niph jaepcep jiepe- 


"pu )*cealt pupj^op jen. 

peonb mon-cynnep- 

pp-pet pecjan. 

hpa ]?ec penbe to me- 

hype pe ajlseca* 

ajeap ^ppape- 

popht aponjen* 

ppij^ep oppena* 

hpaet; mec mm psbep* 

on }>ap pope to }^* 

hell-papena cymnj- 

hibep onpenbe* 

op yS, enjan hSm* 

pe ij' ypla jehpaep- 

m {'am ^opn hope- [70 &•] 

jeopnpulpa )>on ic« 

]?on he upic penbeiS- 

f pe poSpaBjtpa- 

11. MS. afenjan. 



bade Andrew 

the holy to be crucified 

on a high tree, 

so that from a gallows he his 

soul sent forth 

in glory's beauty. 

Thus I many dire 

(with my brothers) 

atrocities have perpetrated, 

swart sins, 

which I may not tell, 

fully relate, 

nor the number know 

of cruel enmities.' 

Him the holy maid address'd,. 

through the Spirit's grace, 

Juliana : 

' Thou shalt further yet, 

foe of mankind^ 

explain thy journey, 

who thee hath sent to mc.' 

To her the wretch 

gave answer, 

seiz'd with fear, 

of peace hopeless. 

* Yes I me my father 

on this journey to thee, 

the king of hell's inhabitants, 

hither hath sent, 

from that narrow home, 

who is for every evil, 

in that sad house, 

more zealous than I. 

When he us sendeth, 

that of the righteous we, 

35. MS. je. 



)^aph mifjebpielb- 
mob oncyppen* 
ahpyppen ppom halop< 
pe beoiS hyje jeompe- 
jrophte on j:ep«)7e. 
ne bi)> uf ppea milbe* 
ejeppil ealbop- 
jip pe yflep nohc* 
jebou habba}^- 
ne buppan pe p}^]?an. 
pop hip onpyne. 
opep jepepan- 
]7dn he onpenbeiS* 
jeonb pbne jpunb- 
J^ejnap op j^yjrpum- 
hate's ]7paece pspan* 
jjp pe 5emete fin- 
on molb-pe^e- 
cip^ peop o]fpe neah* 
punbne peop}^n- 
f hi upc bmben- 
"J in bael-pylme- 
puplu ppmjen* 

]7uph myppelpan* 
mob ne oncyppe"S. 
hahjpa hyje- 
pe "pSk heapbeptan* 
T fapyppej-tan. 
pitu jeJ^oka'S- 
]mph pap-pleje. 
nu ]?u jylpa meahr* 
on pepan J^mum* 
po'S jecnapan- 

through seduction, 

the mind pervert, 

turn from salvation, 

we are sad of mind, 

fearful in soul. 

To us is no kind master, 

but a dreadful prince. 

If we of evil naught 

have done, 
10 then dare we not 

before his face 

anywhere go : 

then will he send, 

o*er the wide earth, 

his ministers from darkness, 

bid them raise violence : 

if we are met 

on earth's way, 

or far or near 
90 are found, 

that they us bind, 

and in the fire's heat, 

in torments scourge. 

If of the righteous, 

through seduction, 

we the mind pervert not, 

the thoughts of the holy, 

we the hardest, 

and the worst, 
30 torments su£Per, 

through painful blows. 

Now thou thyself mightest, 

in thy thoughts, 

soothly know. 

21. MS. he. 

S6. MS. mob neob cyjijiel^. 



^ ic ^qje nofe p«f . 
nyhe jebaebeb. 
{ypaj-maelum jej^iieab 
^ ic "pe f ohfce :• 

that I to this daring was 
by need comperd ; 
from time to time tormented, 
that I thee should seek.' 

pa ^en f eo hal^e onjon 

haelej^a ^^pmnan- 

ppohtef pyjihtan- 

popbum jrpijnan* 

):yiin-fynna pjiuman* 

)>u me puji}^op )*cealc« 

fec^an ptpla jreonb* 

hu |?u YO^yseytum* 

)?ujih fynna phbe^ 

fpiJ^afC yceype* 

picne bij:on;en. 

J^ype fe peonb oncpae^* 

ppaecca psBplea)-- 

popbum maelbe* 

ic )>e eab msej* 

ypla jehpylcep- 

op jecyiSe- 

oiS enbe jiopS. 

J^apa }^ ic jeppemebe* 

nalsef pe^m pmbon« 

pynna punbmn* 

pd&t }>u yif ppeotohcop- 

pylp jeenape. 

)?aBt pif if yorS nalep leap* 

ic ];8ec penbe* 


Then yet the holy maid resolv'd, 

the foe of men^ 

the worker of wickedness, 

with words to question, 

author of sins of yore : 
10 ' Thou to me further shalt 

say, foe of souls ! 

how thou the righteous, 

through lapse of sins, 

doest chiefly injure, 

by thy guile ensnared ? ' 

Her the fiend addressed : 

the wretch defenceless 

in words spake : 

' I to thee humbly, 
00 of every evil 

will the beginning show, 

forth to the end, 

(those that I have perpetrated 

are not few, 

with wounds of sin) ; 

that thou the more plainly 

thyself may know, 
[71 a.] that this is true, not false. 

I that weenM, 

19. eatr-mebc? 

24. r. jpca. 



;j picob tealbe- 

f ic ^e iueaht;e* 
butaix eaji):e]7uin* 
anef cjiaefte. 
ahpyppan pjiom haloji- 
J^aec J?u heopon-cynmje* 
pi^Sfoce fi^ojia jrpean- 
^ txy )*8einjian jebuje- 
onpejbe fynna ppuman* 
yuy ic fo*8p»fCum. 
)mjih mi)*bc bleo* 
mob oncyppe- 
]^p ic fame pmbe- 
fepiS fta]?eban* 
Co jobe]' pillan* 
ic beo jeapo fona* 

f ic him moni^pealbe* 
mobep jwlj-an. 

on jean bepe- 

jpmipa je)?onca- 

bypnpa jebpilba* 

|7uph jebpolena ptm* 

ic him jefpete* 

jynna lujtap. 

msene mob-lu):an* 

f he mmum hpa]?e- 

leahtpu jelenje. 

lapum hypaiS. 

ic fame }>»]• rpi)^- 

j'ynnum on»le- 

f he bypnenbe jqiom* 

jebebe j-piceB. 

jxepeS jtponjbce. 




and for certain reckon'd 

in daring thought^ 

that I thee mighty 

without difficulty^ 

by my craft aloue^ 

turn from salvation, 

that thou heaven^s King [umphs, 

should deny, the Lord of tri- 

and to worse should bow, 

should sacrifice to the author of 

Thus of the righteous I, [sins. 

through various colouring, 

the mind pervert. 

Where I find him 

his soul confirming 

to God's wiU, 

I am straight prepar'd, 

so that to him I manifold 

mind's extravagances 


dire thoughts, 

dark errors. 

Through number of seducers, 

I to him sweeten 

the delights of sins, 

vicious desires of mind, 

so that he quickly my 

(for sins ready) 

doctrines obeyeth. 

I him so greatly 

with sins inflame, 

that he burning from 

prayer shrinketb, 

steps forth vigorously : 

34. jteppe5? 




j'fcajyolfaejt; ne maej- 

fojie leahtjia lupaii- 

lenje jepunian* 

m jebeb-jt:ope- 

YpsL ic bjiojan to. 

la^ne ^elsebe* 

]?ain ]?e ic bpef oponn* 

leohtef jeleajan- 

^ he lajium pile* 

J'lijih mobef myne- 

minum hyjian* 

jynne jqiemman- 

he p)?)>an ]*ceal* 

jobjia pim-cyjta- 

jeapie hpeoppan. 

^ly 10 aenijne- 


jemete mobipie« 

metobef cempan* 

fvS plan-]?]iaece- 

nele jieoji )>onan- 

bujan jqtom beabupe* 

ae he bopb onjean* 

hepe^S hyje fnottoji* 

habjne fcylb- 

jaej-fchc piiS-peap. 

nele jobe ppican- 

ac he bealb in jebebe* 

bib-fteal 5ij:e^5. 

psejTe on peiSan* 

ic )*ceal peoji }?onan* 

hean-mob hpeojipm- 

hpo]?pa bibaeleb* 

in ^leba jpipe- [71 *•! 



firm he may not, 

for love of sins, 

longer remain 

in the place of prayer. 

So I terror 

hateful bring 

to him to whom life I grudge, 

bright belief; 

and he my doctrines will, 

through thought of mind, 


sin perpetrate : 

he shall afterwards, 

of good blessings 

deprived, pass away. 

If I any 

man renown 'd 

find, unquailing, 

a soldier of the Lord, 

against the arrow's force, 

who will not far from thence 

retire from the contest, 

but he a buckler up 

raiseth, wise in soul, 

a holy shield, 

a ghostly armour, 

who will not God desert, 

but he bold in prayer 

maketh a stand, 

fast on foot, 

I must far from thence 

abash*d depart, 

of good deprived ; 

in gripe of gleeds 

29. Lit. a biding-stall or place. 



jeh^u msenan* 
^VBt ic ne meahte* 
maejnef cp»p:e. 
juiSe pi'Bjonjan. 
ac ic jeomop ]'ceal* 
j-ecan o|?ejine. 
iinbeji cumbol-hajan- 
cempan fsempan* 
}>e ic onbpyjibain maeje 
beopman mine- 
ajaelau aec pij'e* 
|?eah he jobef hpsec* 
onjinne jaejtlice. 
ic beo jeapo fona- 
f ic in-jehyjb. 
eal jeonb-plice- 
hu jepeftnab jy* 
pepS innanpeapb- 
pi'S-jteall jepopht- 
IC )>»]• peallep jeafc- 
ODtyne ]?uph teonan- 
bi*8 pe copp jTpel. 
in-jonj jeopenab. 
)?oii ic aepejr him. 
J?uph eapjpape. 
m bpeopc-pepan- 
bitpe jej^oncap- 
)?uph miphce. 
mobep piUan* 
l^aec him pylpum* 
j'elle J?yncei5. 
leahtpa]* to ppemman* 

my cares lament, 

for that I might not, 

by dint of power, 

in my warfare prosper ; 

but I must sad 

seek another 

less courageous, 

amid the camp, 

a worse soldier, 
10 whom I may induce, 

with my leaven, 

to be slow in the war. 

Though he aught of good 

may resolve in spirit, 

I am forthwith ready, 

that I his inward thoughts 

all scan through, 

how may be confirm'd 

his soul within, 
00 his bulwark wrought ? 

I this rampart's gate 

unclose through wickedness. 

If the tower be pierced, 

an entrance open*d, 

then I at first to him, 

through my archery, 

send in, 

into his bosom, 

bitter thoughts, 
30 through various 

desires of mind ; 

so that to himself 

it seemeth better 

crimes to perpetrate 

4. Lit. contra ire. 

9. MS. jaenjian. 

20, r. pij-rteal. 



ojzeji lop jobe]'. 

Lcef luitaf • 

ic beo lapeop jeopn- 

f he mon-]?eapu* 

minum lifje* 

acyppeb cuiSIice* 

]:pom cpiftef ^• 

mob jemypiieb. 

me CO jepealbe. 

m fynna )*ea%« 

ic ]78&pe faple ma- 

jeopnop 5yme- 

ymb l^aep J»jt:er foppypb. 

)>dn ]?»)* lic-homan* 

yepe on lejpe fceal* 

peop'San m populbe* 

pJTime to hpo}H)p- 

bipolen m ):olban. 

Da pen j-eo p»mne )*pp8ec< 

paja eapm-fceapen* 

unclseue jaejt;- 

hu J?u J>ec jej^be. 

jjyptpa ptihcenb* 

on clsenpa jemon;- 

J?u pi^5 cpipte jeo- 

psepleap pmine* 

T jepm tuje. 

hojbep fip halju- 

|?e peapiS helle j-ea^- 

ni)>ep jebolpen- 

)?aep )?u nyb-byj'ij. 

pope opephyjbum- 

eapb jepohcep. 

penbe ic pest ]m py paepjia- 




against God's glory, 

body's lusts. 

I am a diligent instructor, 

that he in my 

evil habits live, 

turn'd manifestly 

from Christ's law, 

his mind sedue'd 

into my power, 

into the pit of sins. 

I for the soul's more, 

more earnestly care 

about the spirit's destruction, 

than for the body's^ 

which in the grave shall 

become in the world 

to the worm for prey, 

to earth committed.' 

Then yet the damsel spake : 

* Say, wretched creature ! 

spirit unclean ! 

how thou thyself associat'st, 

dispenser of darkness I 

in the company of the pure : 

thou against Christ of old 

faithless didst strive, 

and warfare lead, 

didst plot against the saints. 

For thee was the pit of hell 

dug beneath, 

where thou, driven by force, 

for thy pride, 

a dwelling soughtest. 

I ween'd that thou the worse 

4. man-)>cafiini 



[72 a.] 

peop]?an j-ceolbe- 

Ypylcey jemocej-- 

^ ^y unbealbjia- 

|>e )?e ojic pi^SfCob. 

J'ujih pulboji-cyniuj' 

piUan ]?inef • 

)>jTie )?a re pejija. 


eapm ajlseca* 

}?u me aejieft juja* 

hu Jm jebypjxij- 

]?iijih beop jehyjb. 

pujibe )7Uf pij-l'pirt* 

oyeji eall pijra cyn* 

J?aec J?u mec Jmj- paefte- 

petpum jebunbe* 

aejhpwp ojipijne- 

J?u m ecne job- 

J?py ni-pjtfcenbne • 

|>mne jetpeopbep. 

meocub mon-cynnep- 

ppa ic in minne paebep- 

hell-papana cyninj- 

hyhc pca)?elie. 

]?dn ic beom onpenbeb* 

ftS poSpaepcum. 

f ic in man-peopcum« 

mob oncyppe- 

hyje ppom halop* 

me hpdum hip' 

foppfpneb |7uph pijwp-j*teall 

pillau mmep- 

hyhtep aet haljum- 

)-pa me hep jelamp- 

j'opj on p|>e. 




would'st be 

against the righteous, 

at such meeting, 

and the less bold, 

who thee oft withstood, 

(through the Glory-King,) 

thy will/ 

To her then the accurs'd 


the miserable wretch : 

^ Do thou to me first say 

how thou daring, 

through deep thought, 

becam'st thus bold in strife, 

above all womankind, 

that thou me thus fast 

didst with fetters bind, 

wholly defenceless ? 

Thou in thy eternal God, 

sitting in majesty, 

hast trusted. 

Creator of mankind, 

as I in my father, 

king of hell's inhabitants, 

found my hope, 

when I am sent 

against the righteous, 

that I in wicked deeds 

may their mind seduce, 

their spirit, from salvation. 

Sometimes I am, 

through opposition, denied 

my will, 

my hope, with the holy ones, 

as to me here befell 

sorrow in my journey : 



ic j^aefc fylp jecneop- 

CO lace miclef • 

fceal nu lan^e ofep |>i)*« 


fcame ]?jiopian« 

fop}?on ic yec halpje. 

I^uph }wBf liyhjtran meahc 

poboji-cyiimjef ^lejre* 

j-e}>e on jiobe-Cjieo- 


I^pymef ealbop« 

f ^u milcjije- 

me ]?eap):enbu* 

]7»c unpseli; eall> 

ne poppeopj^e- 

)?eah ic )?ec jebypj-cij- 

^ J?up bol-piUen- 

p);e je]'ohce- 

)>aBp 10 rpi)>e me. 

|?y]'licpe ffip' 

J^paje ne jepenbe :• 



I that myself perceive 

by much too late. 

Now shall / long after this, 


shame endure ; 

therefore I thee beseech^ 

through the Highest's might, 

the grace of heaven's King, 

who on the rood-tree 


the Prince of majesty, 

that thou pity 

me miserable, 

that all unbless'd 

/perish not, 

though I thee daring, 

and thus foolishly, 

journeying have sought, 

where I much 

previously such 

a time expected not.' 


Da j'eo plice pcyne- 
pulbpep conbel* 
to j^apsep-lojan- 
popbum maelbe. 
Du pcealc "jbeccan. 
^el-baeba ma* 
hean helle ^aepc* 
aep )^u heonan moce 
hpaec )m co ceonan* 

[72 A,] 

Then the beauteous 

candle of glory 

to the false one 

in words spake : 

' Thou shalt confess 

more evil deeds^ 

vile spirit of hell ! 

ere thou may'st hence depart, 

what thou for harm 



l^uph-to^en haebbe- 
miceljia man-peopca* 
manna cubjie> 
beopcum jebpilbum. 
hype ]?8et beojzol onq^aeiS. 
Nu ic |?aefc jehJTie. 
}?uph ]7mne hleo|?op-cpibe 
f ic nybe fceal. 
ni]^ jebaebeb* 
mob melbian* 
fpa )?u me beobejx- 
|?pea-neb |>olian* 
If |?eof )?paj jzul j'Cponj. 
}?peat opmaete* 
ic j'ceal l^mja jehpylc- 
]>olian ^ )?apian. 
on }?mne bom- 
pom-bseba onppeon* 
|?y ic pibe-jrepj. 
fpeapcpa jefyjiebe- 
opt ic ryne opteah- 
ablenbe bealo-]>oncum« 
beopna (inium. 
monna cynnep* 
mi]t:-helme popbpaejb. 
}>uph actjiep opb. 
eapia leoman* 
ppeapcu pcupum* 
;j ic fumjia pec 
popbp»c bealo-peappum. 
pume m bpyne penbe- 
m lijep locan- 
f hi lapca peapiS* 
j-ij^apt jepyne. 

hast accomplish'd 

of great wicked deeds 

to the race of men, 

by dark errors/ 

Her the devil address 'd : 

* Now I it hear, 

through thy saying, 

that I must needs, 

by hate constrained, 
10 my mind declare, 

as thou me commandest, 

compulsion suffer. 

This moment is too overwhelming, 

the chastisement immense : 

I must everything 

suffer and permit, 

at thy doom, 

the crimes unveil, 

which I everywhere, 
ao dark, have machinated. 

Oft their sight have I withdrawn, 

blinded by baleful thoughts, 

men without number 

of the human race, 

with a mist-helm cover 'd, 

through dart of venom, 

their eyes' light, 

with swart showers. 

And I of some the feet 
30 have broken by wicked snares, 

some into fire have sent, 

into bonds of flame, 

so that of their traces was 

the last seen. 

9. ni>e? 

19. >e? 

SI. MS. ope ryne. 



eac ic jTime jebybe. 
f him ban-locau* 
blobe j'piopeban- 
f hi jiaepin^a* 
):eopb aleton* 
|>ujih 8&bpa pylm* 
fume on yS-pape- 
pujibon on pej« 
paetjium byencce* 
on mepe-plobe- 
minum cjiseptrii. 
unbeji peone ptpeam- 
fume ic pobe bipealh- 
f hi hypa bpeopje. 
on bean jaljan* 
lip aletan* 
fume ic lapum jeteah 

to ^ephte ppemebe- 

f hy paepinja. 



beope bpuncne* 

ic him byplabe* 

ppoht op peje. 

)?aBfc hi m pin-pele. 

j^uph ppeopb-jpipe. 

paple popletan* 

op pl»pc-homan« 

paeje pcynban^ 

papum jepohce- 

pume ]7a ic punbe- 

butan jobep tacne* 






[73 a.] 

Also to some I 've done, 

that their carcases 

spouted with blood, 

so that they suddenly 

life let forth 

through their veins' fountain. 

Some on the billowy course 

were on*^AeiV way 

by the waters merged, 

into the ocean-flood, 

by my devices, 

under the raging stream. 

Some I \e to the cross consigned, 

that they sadly their, 

on the vile gallows, 

life resign'd. 

Some I by wiles have drawn, 

to strife prepar'd, 

that they suddenly 

old grudges 

have renew'd, 

drunken with beer ; 

I to them pour'd 

discord from the cup, 

.90 that in the social hall they, 

through gripe of sword, 

the soul let forth 

from the body, 

dying they hasten' d forth, 

sought with wounds. 

Some whom I found 

without God's token, 



9S. MS. bpucne. 

33. zdbej racn ; i. e. the cross. 



}?eah ic bealblice* 
I'ujili mij*lic cpealm* 
mmum honbum* 
]*eajio-|>oncuxn ylo^* 
ic afecjan ne msej* 
|?eah ic jejicce- 
fumeji-lonjne baej. 
eal ]m esLjifepvt' 
|?e ic »ji T yip' 
jejzpemebe to jiacne* 
yiypan pipjm peer, 
poboji ajisepeb* 
^ pyne tunjla* 
polbe jepaBftnab. 
^ ]^a jieopman men* 
abam ^ aeue> 
]>am ic ealboji o^J^pon;* 
T hy jelaepbe. 
f hi lu]:an bjiyhcnef • 
ece eab-jieye. 
beojihtne bolb-pelan. 
f him bsem ;epeap«. 
ypm)7u CO ealbpe* 
^ hypa eajiepum j'pa* 
mipcaft man-peopca- 
hpset fceal ic ma pimaii- 
ypel enbe leaf* 
ic eall jeba&p- 
ppa];e ppohcaj*. 
jeonb pep-]^eob6* 
)>a J?e jepopbuu. 
piban yeojie* 
):pom jzpuman populbe* 




these I boldly^ 

through various deaths, 

with my hands, 

by my devices slew. 

I may not say, 

though I sit 

a summer-long day, 

all the miseries, 

which I first and last 

have in fraud perpetrated, 

since that first was 

the firmament uprear'd, 

and the stars' course, 

earth established, 

and the first men, 

Adam and Eve, 

from whom I life expel'd, 

and them incited, 

that they love of the Lord, 

eternal happiness, 


bright domestic happiness, 

so that to them both was 

misery for ever, 

and to their offspring also : — 

darkest of wicked deeds ! 

Why shall I more enumerate 

evil endless ? 

I have borne all 

hostile crimes 

among mankind, 

those which have happened, 

throughout ages, 

from the world's origin. 

1. fa for >eah? 

39. ealle baeji ? 

32. r. ^epujit>on. 



ppa cynne. 
eoplum on eoji]7an- 
ne psBf aenij }>ajia- 
f me J?uj- J?pij'Ce. 
lyBL }?u nii]7a> 
hah; mib honbum* 
hpuian bopjre- 
n«f aenij J^aef mobij. 
mon ojzep eojipajn- 
yujxh halje meaht* 
heah-jzsebejia nan- 
ne pit^ena* 

J>eah )?e hi peopuba job. 
onppije pulbjiep cynmj. 
pij'bomef jaejx. 
jiejze unmaece* 
hpa&|>jie ic jonj to ]?ani- 
ajan mofte- 
nsef a&nij ]>ajia* 
^ mec yuy bealblice- 
benbum bilejbe* 
J^jieam popj^pycce. 
aep 'pxi nu)?a- 
J^a nuclan meaht> 
min ofepj'pi^befC. 
paejTe popjienje. 
]?e me jzaebep pealbe* 
}:eonb nion-cynnej*. 
]7a he mec jzepan het- 
)>eoben op J^jjcpum. 
f ic |>e fceolbe. 
pynue ppecan. 
J^eep mec popj bicpom* 
hepij honb-jepmn- 

to the race of mortals^ 

to men on earth. 

Was not any of those 

that me thus daringly, 

as thou now, 

holy with thy hands, 

durst touch : 

was not thus bold any 

man upon earth, 
10 through holy might, 

of the patriarchs none, 

nor of the prophets ; 

though to them the God of hosts, 

the King of glory, had reveal'd 

the spirit of wisdom, 

grace infinite, 

(yet I access to them 

might have,) 

was not any of them, 
ao that me thus boldly 

charg'd with bonds, 

with reproofs o'erwhelm'd, 

ere thou now 

my great power 

didst overcome, 

fast arrest, 

which me my father gave, 

foe of mankind, 

when he bade me go, 
30 my lord, from darkness, 

that I to thee should 

sweeten sin. 
[73 bJ] There sorrow me befell, 

heavy hand-strife. 

21. MS. bennum. 

S4. MS. miclam. 




ic bihlyhhan ne }?eapp* 
aefCep fap-ppaece. 
mapim in jemon^e* 
|>on ic mine f ceal • 
apepan ^nojin-ceapij- 
in ]7a peon^an ham. 
Da fe 5epej:a liec. 
jealj-mob juma. 

Of ];a eujan hope* 
ut; ^elaeban- 
on hyje bah^e- 
hae}>num to fpjiaece* 
to hif bom-fecle. 
heo ]?8et beopol teah* 
bpeojtu inbpypbeb. 
benbum psejrne* 
hah; hae|>enne* 
onjan ]?a hpeop-ceapij* 
jii5-pet feopan* 
fap q'anian* 
pypb panian- 
popbum maelbe* 
ic )?ec halpje. 
hlaepbije mm- 

pope jobep pbbum. 
ptet ]7U pup]?up me- 
ppace]7u ne pypce. 
ebpit poji eoplum- 
|?on );u aep bybept. 
|>a |>u opeprpi)7bert. 

Laagh at I may not^ 

after this sore revenge, 

this journey, 

among my comrades, 

when I sad-sorrowing shall 

render my 


in that sad home.* 

Then the count bade, 
10 the atrocious man, 


from that narrow house, 

be led out, 

holy in mind, 

to speech with the heathen, 

to his judgment-seat. 

She that devil drew, 

in breast inspired, 

fast in bonds, 
ao the holy one the heathen. 

He then sad-sorrowing began 

his journey to bewail, 

his pain lament, 

his fate deplore ; 

spake in words : 

^ I thee implore. 

Lady mine, 


for God's peace, 
90 that thou further to me 

contumelies do not, 

reproach before men, 

than thou ere didst do, 

when thou didst overpower 

10. Lit. gallowB-minded. 



)H)ne piotpeftan. 
unbeji hlm-]*cuan- 
hel-pejiena cyninj* 
in feonba bypi;* 
f ly jaebejiufep* 
moji}>pef mSn-fjiesL* 
hpaet )>u mec );jieabej'. 
|>ujih faji-fleje. 
ic Co fope pat. 
f ic aeji ne fi^S. 
aem; ne me tee* 
in pojiulb-juce. 
pi|> J?e jehc. 
J?juftjian 5e)7ohtef . 

ne ]>peo]ih-timb]iau* 
maejj^a cynnej** 

If on me j^peotul. 

)^8et |>u unfcam^e* 

aejhpae]* pupbe- 

on Fep]7e jipob. 

Da hme feo fsemne j:oplet< 

aejr&ep |>)i8BC-hpile* 

l^yftpa neoj^u* 

m fpeaptne jpunb. 

fapla jepinna- 

on pifca poppy pb* 

pipte he )7i jeappop* 

manej' melba- 

majum to pecjan* 

piflej' l^ejnum* 

hu him on p'Se jelomp :• 




the most sagacious^ 

under the prison roof, 

the king of hell's inhabitants, 

in the fiends' city, 

that is our father^ 

the lord of deadly sin. 

Tes ! thou hast chastis'd me 

by painful stroke ; 

I in sooth know, 

that I ere nor since 

have not any met, 

in the world's realm^ 

like unto thee 

in daring thought^ 

nor more untractable, 

of womankind. 

To me 'tis manifest, 

that thou unabash'd 

would'st be at every thing, 

in soul sagacious.' 

Then the damsel him dismiss'd^ 

after his forced stay, 

darkness to visit, 

in the swart abyss, 

the foe of souls, 

in calamity of torments : 

he the better knew, 

th' announcer of wickedness, 

to his mates to say, 

the ministers of torment, 

how it him on his journey befell. 

3. Lit. under the grating's shadow. 
15. Lit. nor of Grosser stuff. 

5. MS. hij. 
25. r. ^epmnan. 

T 2 





* jeojine aep. [74 a.] 
hejiebon on heahf^- 
;j hif habj * 
faejbon foi51ice. 
f he pjopa jehp»f . 
opeji ealle jej'ceajic. 
ana polbe* 
ecpa eab- jiepa. 
Da cpom enjel jobef . 
jrpxtpMxn blican* 
T f FyP t;ofcea}:. 
jejrpeobe ^ jej-TieoSabe- 
jiacnef clsene^ 
leahtjia leape* 
^ |?one lij topeapp. 
heopo jijiepne. 
I^aep peo halie ptob. 
msejj'a bealbop- 
on ]?am mible jepunb* 
pxv ];am peL^an paep • 
peopc to )H)lianne> 
];aep he hit pop populbe* 
penben meahte* 
pohte pynnum pah* 
hu he papbcapt* 
I'uph |?a pyppepcan 
ptu meahte* 
peoph-cpale pnban* 
paep pe peonb to laet* 


prais'd in the heavens^ 

and his holy * 

said soothly, 

that he of every victory, 

over all creation, 

alone had power, 

of eternal blessings. 

Then came God's angel, 

glittering in arms, 

and the fire scattered, 

freed and protected 

the pure of guile, 

the void of sins, 

and the flame cast aside, 

intensely raging, 

where the holy stood, 

chief of women, 

sound in the midst. 

That to the rich one was 

hard to suffer, 

where he it before the world 

might suppose to be. 

Sought foul with sins, 

how he most painfully, 

through the worst 

torments, might 

invent a death. 

The fiend was not too slow — 

1. Here the MS. has manifestly lost at least one leaf. 
3. A word is here left out. 23. penan 7 



fe hine jelsejibe- 

}78&t he laemen-paec* 

bipypcan het. 

punbop-c}i8e):te • 

pijef pomum* 

T pubu-beamii* 

holce bilaenan. 

Daj-e [heapbajbibeab- 

f mon 'pSBt lam-jraet* 

leabef jepylbe. 

^ }?a onbaepnan hec* 

b»l-ppa maeft* 

ab onaelan* 

I*e p»f ae;hponan- 

ymb-bopen mib bjionbum* 

baeiS hate peol- 

het ]?a ojzefkce* 

yjijie jeboljen. 

leahtpa leafe- 

in fsdy leabef pyhn* 

fcupui butan fcylbum- 

]^a tofceaben peap'S- 

hj tolyfeb- 

leab pbe )*ppon2- 

hat heopo pppe* 

ha^leiS pupbon acle* 

apapab pop Yy paepe- 

)^aep on pime popbopn* 

l^uph J^aep ppej' piaeft. 

pip ^ hunb-peopontij. 

hae'Snep hepjej*. 

Da jen peo halje ptob. 

unjepembe phte. 

naep hype ploh ne hpae^l- 

he him instructed, 

that he an earthen vessel 

should bid make^ 

by wonderous art, 

to sounds of war ; 

and with forest trees, 

with wood beset. 

Then the cruel one commanded, 

that they that earthen vessel 
10 with lead should fill, 

and then bade kindle 

a bale-fire vast, 

a pile inflame. 

It was on every side 

with brands surrounded ; 

the bath with heat boil'd. 

Bade then with utmost haste, 

with anger chafd, 

(he innocent 
90 into the lead's heat 

be thrust, the void of crimes. 

Then was scatter'd 

the flame, dissolv'd 

the lead sprang widely, 

hot, fiercely raging. 

The men were horror-stricken, 

driven before its force. 

There were in number burn'd, 

through the fire's blast, 
90 five and seventy 

of the heathen band. 

Then yet the holy stood, 

in aspect undefil'd, 

was nor her hem nor garment, 

5. to the sound of warlike instruments? 
8. heajiba is supplied from conjecture. 

7. bilecjan? 
26. MS. aeleir. 



ne yeax ne pel- 
pype jemaeleb. 
ne lie ne leo]?u- 
heo in bje fCob- 
aejhpaef onj'unb. 
f«jbe eallef ]7onc* 
bpyhtna bpyhcne. 
)?a fe bema peajiS* 
hjieoh T hyje-jjum. 
onjon hif hjiaejl cepan 
fpylce he jpennabe- 
T jpij^bifcabe. 
pebbe on jepifcce. 
j-pa pilbe beop. 
jpymetabe jealj-mob- 
^ hip jobu t8elbe> 
faep )?e hyne meahtum* 
maepie pij^ptonban. 
pipep piUan* 
peep peo pulbpep msej. 
anpa&b ^ unpopht* 
eapolSa jemynbij. 
bpyhtnep pillan* 
]7a ye bema het* 
appebban J'opj-ceapij- 
}?uph ppeopb-bite. 
on hyje halje- 
heapbe bineotan- 
cpij-ce jecopene. 
hine pe cpealm ne J^eah 
p]7)?an he );one pntan* 
pup|>op cuj?e :. 

nor locks nor skin, 
by the fire mark'd^ 
nor body nor limbB : 
she in the flame stood 
wholly sound, 
said thanks for all^ 
[74 ib.] to the Lord of lords. 
Then was the judge 
fierce and grim in soul; 

10 began his robe to tear, 
as if he grin'd 
and gnash'd, 
raged in mind : 
as a wild beast, 
roar'd the atrocious one^ 
and his gods blasphem'd, 
because that him with might, 
with main, withstood 
a woman's will. 

20 The maid of glory was 
resolv'd and fearless, 
of her hardships mindful, 
of the Lord's will. 
Then the judge commanded, 
with care oppressed, to slay 
by bite of sword 
the holy one in spirit, 
to deprive of head 
the chosen by Christ : 

30 him her death profited not, 
when he the sequel 
further knew. 

15. see p. 274. 1. 10. 

SO. r. J^ah. 




Da peajilS )^ae]ie haljan* 

hyht jenipab* 

J pxy maejbnef mcb- 

miclum jeblijyab. 

fi)>)?an heo jehyjibe. 

haele'S eahtian* 


f hype enbe-ftaef. 

oj: jepin-bajum- 

peoji}?an pceolbe. 

lip alypeb- 

het }?a leahtpa pil* 

claene ;j jecojiene. 

to q^ale laeban* 

rynna leape. 

Da cpom pemnmja- 

hean helle ^aept* 

heajun-leo'S ajol* 

eapin "j unlaeb* 

)?one heo aep jebonb* 


'J mib pitum JT>on5- 

cleopabe j^a pop cop)^pe 

ceap-jealbpa pulL 

jylbalS nu mib jypne. 

)wt heo joba uppa- 

meaht pophojbe* 

"5 mec ppij^apt- 


^ ic to melban peap^* 

lseta% hy laj^pa* 




Then was the holy daniseVs 

hope renew'd, 

and the maiden's spirit 

much delighted^ 

when she had heard 

the men prosecuting 

treacherous counsel, 

that to her an end 

of days of trouble 

should be^ 

life dissolved. 

Bade then he full of crimes 

the pure and chosen one 

to death be led^ 

the sinless. 

Then came suddenly 

the vile spirit of hell^ 

sang a harmful song^ 

wretched and hapless^ 

whom she ere had bound, 


and with pains chastised : 

cried then before th* assemblage, 

of dire enchantments full : 

' Requite now with earnest, 

that she our gods' 

might hath despis'd, 

and me most 

hath humbled, 

so that I became a traitor. 

Let her of hostile 

SI. MS. apy^ebne. 

87. MS. jpojibo^b. 




[75 a.-] 

leana bleotan* 

}m}ih paepnej' fpop* 

pjieca'S ealbne ni^- 

fynne jefohce- 

ic J?a J'ojije jemon* 

hu ic benbum jzsejt;* 

bifja unjum* 

on anpe niht- 

eajipej^a bjieaj. 

ypel ojimsetu* 

}?a feo eab^e bifeah* 

onjean jpainuin> 


^ehyjibe heo heapm-jalan* 

belle beopol- 

peonb mon-cynnef - 

on^on pR on jdean fceacan* 

piiDa neofan* 

;j J^aec popb acpse^- 

pa me foppophtum* 20 

nu If pen micel* 

]>8et beo mec ejit pille* 

eapmne ^ebynan* 

yplum ypmj^um- 

fpa beo mec aep bybe. 

Da paep jelaebeb- 

lonb-meapce neab* 

"5 fco )wpe ptope. 

}^«p bi pteapc-pepj^e. 

]mpb cumbol-hete- 

cpellan )K)btun* 

onjon beo }?a Isepan* 

^ to lope tpymman- 

pole op pipenum* 


rewards partake, 

tbrougb weapon's track ; 

avenge your ancient grudge, 

ye witb sin beset. 

I tbe sorrow bear in mind, 

bow I, fast in bonds, 

afflictions numberless, 

in one nigbt, 

bardsbips, suffer'd, 

evil immense.' 

Tben tbe blessed maideii look'd 

towards the cruel on^, 


she beard the harmful singing. 

The devil of hell, 

foe of mankind, 

began tben in flight depart, 

torments to visit, 

and the words utter'd : 

* Wo is me ruin'd ; 

now is much expectation, 

that she again will me 

wretched humiliate, 

by evil miseries, 

as she me ere did.' 

Then was led 

near to the land-march, 

and to tbe place, 

where her the stem of soul, 

tbrougb signal bate, 

resolv'd to slay. 

Then began she to teach, 

and to praise exhort, 

the folk from sins. 

13. MS. luliauan. 




T him FP^FP® jehet. 
pej CO pulbjie. 
3 }>8ec pojib acpse'S* 
^emunalS pijena pyn • 
"5 pulbpef J?pym- 
halloa hyhc- 
heopon-enjla ^ob- 
he If ]?«)• pyp'Se. 
f hine pep-J?eobe- 
-] eal enjla cynn. 
up on pobepum* 
hep^en heah msejen* 
J?aep If help jelonj. 
ece CO ealbpe- 
pam ]fe a;an pceaL 
pop)^on ic leop peopub* 
bepan pille* 
f je eopep huj'« 

py laep hit pep-blasbum* 
pmbap topeoppan- 
peal fceal py cpumpa* 
]t:pon2 pi}^fConban« 
jTopma pcupum* 
leahcpa ^ehy^bum* 
^e mib lupan pbbe* 
leohte jeleapan* 
CO ]?a bpjenban- 
fcane pci'S-hyjbe. 
pca]^l psefcnia^* 
folSe cpeope* 
"5 pibbe mib eop» 
healba% sec heopcan* 

and them comfort promis'd^ 

the way to glory, 

and the words utter'd : [riors, 

^ Remember the Delight of war- 

and Majesty of glory, 

Hope of the holy, 

heaven's angels' God* 

He is that worthy, 

that hmi mankind, 
10 and all the race of angels, 

up in the skies, 

praise, the high Power : 

there is help at hand, 

to all eternity, 

for those who it shall have ; 

therefore I, dear people, 

will exhort, 

the laws fulfilling, 

that ye your house 
20 make firm, 

lest it with sudden blasts 

the winds overthrow : 

the wall the firmer shall, 

strong, withstand 

the assaults of storms, 

the machinations of vices. 

Do ye with love of peace, 

with bright belief, 

oh the living 
30 stone, firm in spirit, 

i/our foundation fix, 

in true faith, 

and peace with yourselves ; 

hold in your heart 

so. r. lefmytnitLn. 

S5. Lit. showen. 




halje jiune- 

puj\h mobef myne* 

J?on eop inil&)*e jiepeiS. 

yaabeji aelmihtij- 

}?«|i je ajun aet. 

mae^na jobe* 

maefte J^eajipe* 

«jn:ep fopj-jtapum. [75 i.] 

j:opJ?on je jylpe neton* 

iit-^on; heonan* 

enbe bfef - 

paeplic me J'lnce'S* 

}?8&c ^e paeccenbe- 

piiS hettenbpa* 

hilbe poman- 

peapbe healben. 

J/y laep eop pijwp-peohtenb. 

pejep poppypnen. 

CO pulbpep bypij- 

bibba^ beapn jobep • 

f me bpejo enjla* 

meocub mon-cynnep. 

milbe jepeopj^e. 

pijopa pellenb* 

jnbb py mib eopic* 

pymle po* lupu. 

Da hype papl peapiS. 

alaebeb op bee- 

to pam lanjan ;epean* 

)?uph j'peopb-pleje- 

|?a pe pyn-pca}>a co. 

j'cipe pceoh-mob» 

pcea}>ena }^peace- 




the boly mysteries^ 

with intent of mind ; 

then to you will mercy give 

M* Almighty Father, 

where ye shall have^ at 

the God of all powers, 

the greatest need, 

after afSictions. 

For that ye yourselves know not 

your exit hence, 

the end of life, 

prudent to me it seems, 

that ye watchful 

against enemies' 

hostile alarms 

hold ward, [ing, 

lest they you, against you fight- 

the way prohibit 

to glory's city. 

Pray the Child of God, 

that to me the Prince of angels, 

Lord of mankind, 

be merciful. 

Giver of victories. 

Peace be with you, 

ever true love.' 

Then was her soul 

from the body led 

to the lasting joy, 

through stroke of sword. 

Then the miscreant by 

ship, perverse of mind, 

with his band of ruffians, 


9. r. nyton. 



eh-ffcjieam fohce- 
leolc opeji la^u-j-lob* 
lonje hpile* 
on ]*pon-pabe« 
fpylc ealle pojinom* 
j'ecja hlo)?e* 
;j hine jylpie mib. 
aeji }?on hy to lanbe* 
jehben hsepbon* 
J'uph )?eaplic J^jiea- 
J^aeji •xxx* paef . 
"5 peopejie eac- 
jzeopef onfohte* 
)?uph paejef pylm- 
pijena cynnep • 
heane nub hlapopb- 
hpo)?pa bibaeleb* 
hyhta leape. 
helle fohton- 
ne I'opptan ]?a J^ejnap • 
in ]^am ^yytjian ham- 
peo jeneat-pcolu. 
m }^am neolan pcpaepe* 
to }?am ppum-^ape* 
pitebpa penan* 
pddt hy in pin-pele. 
opep beop-pele. 
beajaj' );ejon. 
aepplebe ^olb. 
Unjehce paep • 
laebeb lop-poiijum. 
he hahjpe- 
micle maejne* 

sought the ocean-stream^ 

bounded o'er the water-flood 

a long while, 

on the swan-road. 

Death destroy'd all 

the band of men, 

and himself with them, 

ere that they to land 

had steer'd, 
10 through stern punishment. 

There were thirty 

and also four 

of life bereft, 

through the wave's rage, 

of the race of men, 

humble with lord, 

of good deprived, 


hell they sought. 
20 The followers might not, 

in that dark home, 

the retainer-band, 

in that den profound, 

from the chieftain 

their appointed 

money-gifts expect, 

that, in the joyous hall, they, 

on the beer-bench, 

rings should receive, 
30 appled gold. 

Unlike was 

led with songs of praise 

the holy maiden's corse, 

with a great power. 

85. r. -xejr«alfca. 

28. -jetle ? 



to molb-5p»j:e. 

I?aec hy hit jebjiohton- 

buppim in innan* 

pb pole xnicel* 

J^aeji p'S^an paej-- 

^eajia ^on^um- 

jobej' lop hapen* 

J?p^me micle* 

op J^ipne baej. 

mib ]^obfcipe. 

I]* me ]7eapp micel- 

}?aBC peo halje me. [76 a.] 

helpe jeppemme* 

pon me ^ebaelaiS* 

beopapt ealpa* 

jibbe topbca'S. 

pm-hipan tu* 

micle mob-lupan* 

mm pceal op lice- 

papul on ji^S-paet. 

nat ic pylpa hpibep- 

eapbep uncy^jm- 

op j'ceal ic J?ippum- 

jecan ojwpne. 

«p- jepyphtum • 

^onjan lu-baebum* 

jeomop hpeoppe'8. 

•h'^' ^ '^' 
cymnj bij? pe}%. 
pjopa pyllenb- 
]^n pynnum pah* 

•H-y- T '^' 

acle bibalS* 

hpaet him aeptep baebum* 

to its mould-grave ; 

so that they it brought 

within the towns, 

a great multitude. 

There was afterwards, 

in course of years, 

God*s praise raised, 

with great pomp, 

until this day, 
10 with hofy discipline. 

To me it is much needful, 

that the saint me 

help afford, 

when separate 

the dearest of all, 

their kinship sever 

the two consorts, 

their great spiritual love ; 

from its body shall my 
90 soul on journey go, 

I myself know not whither : 

an unknown land 

I shall from this, 

another, seek, 

according to my past works, 

go, for mt/ deeds of old. 

Sad shall depart 

C, Y, and N. 

the King will be stern, 
30 the Giver of victories, 
when with sins stain'd 

E, W, and U 

trembling shall await, 

what to them, after their deeds. 



beman pille* 
lijief CO leane* 

feoma'S f^pj-ceapij. 
faji eal^emon* 
fynna punbe* 

jepojihfce m pojiulbe. 
f ic popij pceal. 
teapum maenan* 
paep an tib to laet* 
f ic ypel-baeba* 
«p jepcomebe. 
]7enben jaBj-c 'j lie* 
jeabop ji)?eban- 
onpinb on eapbe* 
)?dn apna bij^eapp* 
ymt me feo hal^e- 
PI'S )H>ne hyhftan* 
cyninj jej^inpje. 
mec pBRy }?eapj: mona]>* 
micel mobef fopj. 
bibbe ic monna ^ehpone 
pimena cynnep* 
)w J?if jieb ppsece* 
f he mec neobpul* 
bi noman mmum- 
jemyne mobij- 
•3 meotub bibbe. 
f me heopona helm* 
helpe ^eppemme* 
meahta palbenb- 
on ]>am miclan baeje* 
jaebep Kpoppe jaej-c. 
m }?a ppeenan tib* 

he will doom^ 

in retribution for life. 

Liy F shall tremble, 

shall linger sorrowful. 

All the pain / shall remember, 

the wounds of sin, 

which I early or late 

wrought in the world ; 

I that weeping shall, 
10 with tears bewail. 

It was a time too late, 

when I for evil deeds 

ere felt shame, 

while soul and body 

together journey'd, 

sound on earth ; 

therefore / mercy need, 

that for me the saint, 

with the highest 
20 King should intercede ; 

me of this need admonishes, 

great mental sorrow.- 

I pray every man 

of human kind, 

who this lay may recite, 

that he me earnestly, 

by my name, 

fervently bear in mind, 

and the Creator pray, 
30 that me heaven's Chief 

help afford, 

the Ruler of powers, 

on the great day, 

the Father, the Spirit of comfort, 

at that perilous hour 



baeba bemenb* 

;j j-e beojia funu. 

]>on feo J^pynij-. 


m annejye. 

»lba cynne* 

t^ujih }wt fcijian jefceapc 

fcpipeS bi 5epj7ihcum« 

meojibe monna jehpam- 

Fopjif uf mae^na job. 

f pe J?ine onpyne. 

sej^elinja pyn- 

milbe jemeten* 

on pa ms&pan tib. Amen :• 


{the Judge of deeds^ 

and the dear Son, 

then the Trinity, 

sitting in majesty, 

in unity,) 

to the race of men, 

through the bright creation. 

They shall ordain, according to 

[his works, 
reward for every man. 
Grant us, God of might ! 
that we thy countenance, 
Joy of men ! 
mild may find, 
at that great hour. Amen. 


Ojn: him anhaja* 
ape jebibe^. 
mefcubep milq^e* 
J^eah pe he mob-ceapij 
jeonb laju-labe* 
lonje fceolbe. 
hpepan mib honbum- 
hpim-calbe pae- 
paban ppaec-laptap. 
pypb bi^ F^l-apaeb. 
Spa cpse^ eapb-ftapa* 
eappej^a jemynbij. 
ppaj?pa pael-pleahta. 

[76 A.] 


' Oft the lonely one 

experiences compassion, 

the Creator's kindness ; 

though he with sorrowing mind, 

o'er the watery way, 

must long 

agitate with his hands 

the rime-cold sea, 

go in exile tracks ; 

his fate is full decreed.' — 

So said a wanderer, 

of his hardships mindful, 

of hostile slaughters, 



pine-maeja hjiype. 
Ope ic fceolbe aiia* 
uhtna jehpylce* 
mine ceajie cpil^an* 
my nu cpicjia nan* 
]fe ic bim mob-pepan- 
minne bujijie* 
ppeofcule apec^an* 
ic to poiSe pat. 
f bi% in eojile* 
mbpyhten ]^eap* 
J^aet he hij- pep^-locan. 
paepte binbe* 
healbne hip hojib-copan 
hycje ppa he pille. 
ne maej pepi^-mob* 
pypbe pi'Sptonban- 
ne pe hjieo hyje. 
helpe ^eppemman* 
pop^on bom-^eopne* 
bpeojujne opt. 
m hypa bpeopt-copan* 
binba^ paepce* 
ppa ic mob-pepan* 
minne pceolbe* 
opt eajim-ceap];* 
eSle biba&leb* 
ppeo-maejum peop. 
petejium paelan* 
piJ^J^an ^eapa lu* 
jolb-pme mine* 
hjiupan heolptpe bippah 
3 ic hean )?onan« 
pob pinteji-ceajiij* 

his dear friends' fall. — 

^ Oft I must alone^ 

each morn, 

my care bewail : 

there is now none living, 

to whom my thoughts 

I dare 

tell openly. 

I in sooth know, 
10 that it is in man 

a noble quality, 

that he his soul's coffer 

fast bind, 

hold his treasure. 

Strive as he will, 

the weary-minded cannot 

fate withstand, 

nor the rugged soul'd 

help effect ; 
ao even the ambitious 

a sad one oft 

in their breast's coffer 

fast bind. 

So I my 

thoughts must, 

oft miserable, 

from country separated, 

far from my friends, 

in fetters bind, 
30 since that long ago 

my bounteous patron 

earth's cavern cover'd, 

and I abject thence 

went, stricken with years. 

14. healbe? 

21. hyje is to be understood. 

SI. MS. mine. 




opep pa}>ema jebinb* 

j'ohte fele bjieopij- 

j'lncef bpyfccan- 

hpa&p ic peop dpye neah* 

pinban meahte* 

}?one )?e in meobu-healle* 

mine piJTC 

oJ^J^e mec j:peonbleaj'ne. 

ppejzpan polbe* 

peman mib pynnum* 

pac fe J?e cunna'S. 

hu ]*li}?en fox's • 

j'opj to jepepan. 

I^am }?e him lyt hapa'S* 

leoppa ^eholena* 

papa% hme ppsec-lajt:. 

nalej^ punben jolb. 

jiep^-loca Fpeopij. 

nalaef j:olban bla5b* [77 «•] 

;emon he j'ele-fecjaf • 

"5 pnc-J?eje. 

hii hme on jeoju^e- 

hif jolb-pme. 

penebe co pipce. 

pyn eal jebpeaj'* 

fopj^on pac fe );e pceal. 

hif pine-bpyhtnep . 

leopef lap-cpibum. 

lon^e ]:op}?olian- 

^Son rop5 "5 j-laep. 

)*omob aecjaebpe. 

eapmne anhojan* 

oyt jebinba^S. 

{wince's him on mobe* 



over the billowy mass ; 

sad sought the hall 

of some munificent lord, 

where I far or near 

might find 

one who in the mead-hall 

my * * might know, 

or me friendless 

would comfort, 

alUire with pleasures. 

He knows who tries, 

how hapless is 

care as a comrade 

to him who little has 

of faithful friends ; 

him an exile's track awaits, 

not twisted gold ; 

a trembling body, 

not earth's riches : 

he remembers the hall-retainers, 

and receipt of treasure; 

how him in youth 

his bounteous patron 

train'd to the feast ; 

but pleasure all has fall'n ; 

for he knows who must 

his dear lord's, 

his lov'd master's lessons 

long be depriy'd of, 

when sorrow and sleep 

at once together 

a poor solitary 

often bind, 

that seems to him in mind, 

1. MS. jpa^ena. 

7. A word seems wanting. 

S. Lit. a dispenser of treasure. 
8. MS. fpeonbleaje. 




y^t he hif mon-bpyh&en • 

that he his lord 

clyppe "5 cyj-j-e. 

embraces and kisses. 

"J on cneo lec^e* 

and on his knee lays 

honba ^ heapob^ 

hands and head. 

j'pa he hpilum aep. 

as when he ere at times. 

in ^eaji-ba^um* 

in former days, 

jiej:-jtx)laf bpeac* 

At* gifts enjoy'd ; 

iSon onpascne'S ejx* 

then wakes again 

pmeleaf juma* 

ihe friendless mortal. 

^ephlS him bipojian* lo 

sees before him 

pealpe pejaf • 

fallow ways. 

ba)?ian bpim-pu^laf • 

ocean fowls bathing. 

bpaeban ]:e}^a> 

spreading their wings. 

hpeofan hjum '■j piap* 

rime and snow descending 

ha^le 2emen;;(eb* 

with hail mingled ; 

)^n becS )?y hepjpan* 

then are the heavier 

heoptan benne- 

his wounds of heart. 

pape »ptep ppaepne. 

painful after dreaming; 

popj bi^S jenipab. 

sorrow is renew'd. 

]>on ma^a ;emynb* 20 

when his friends' remembrance 

mob jeonb-hpeoppeiS* 

through his mind passes ; 

5pete1S jbp-pcapum. 

when he greets with songs. 

jeopne ;eonb-pceapa1$* 

earnestly surveys 

pecja jepelban* 

the seats of men. 

ppimma^ opt on pe;. 

swims again away. 

pleocenbpa pep-S* 

The spirit of seafarers, 

no )>»p pela bpmje^. 

brings there not many 

cu-Spa cpibe-pebba. 

known songs : 

ceapo bi*}} ^enipab- 

btU care is renew'd 

yum ye penban pceal* so 

to him who must send 

J7ij^e ^eneahhe- 

very abundantly 

opep pa)^ema jebinb. 

over the billowy mass 

pepijne pepan. 

his weary spirit; 

pop)?on ic 5e|?encan ne rnajj* 

therefore I cannot think, 

7. -jcolej? 18. MS. fpapfne. 95. fpimfS ejxl 





jeonb J^f pojiulb- 

foji hpan mob-fepan* 

nunne jeppeojice- 

)?dn ic eojila lip* 

eal jeonb-fence. 

bu hi p8S]\bce- 

plec opjeapon* 

mobje maju-}>^nap» 

ppa J?ep mibban-jeajib- 

ealpa bo^pa ^ehpam* 

bjieope^ T pealle|>- 

po]i)?on ne maej peopjwm pp. 

pep »}i he a^e* 

pintjia ba&l m populb-pice* 

pita pceal jeJ^J^lbij- [77 bJ] 

ne pceal no to hat-heopt. 

ne CO hpseb pyjibe* 

ne to pac pija- 

ne to panhybij- 

ne to popht ne to paejen* ao 

ne to peoh-jippe. 

ne naspjie jielpep to jeojin. 

aep he ^eajie cunne* 

beojin pceal ^^biban* 

J?ou be beot pppicei5« 

op^sst collen-peji'S- 

cunne ^eajipe* 

bpibeji b}ie}?pa jehyjb- 

bpeojipan pille- 

onjietan pceal ^leap bsele* 3o 

bu jaeptlic bi^- 

)?onne ealle ^^ippe populbe pela* 

pepte ptonbe^. 

ppa nu mippenbce. 

throughout this world, 

why my mind 

it saddens, 

when I the chieftains' life 

all consider ; 

how they suddenly 

their balls resigned, 

the proud kinsmen. 

So this mid-earth 

every day 

declines and falls ; 

therefore may not become wise 

a man, ere be has passed 

his share of winters in the world. 

The sagacious must be patient, 

must not be too ardent, 

nor too hurrying of fortune, 

nor too faint a soldier, 

nor too reckless, 

nor too fearful, nor too elate, 

nor too greedy of money, 

nor ever too vaunting, 

ere he be well experienced. 

^ man must wait, 

when be a promise utters, 

till that Ae, bold of spirit, 

well know 

to what bis breast's thoughts 

shall lead. [stand. 

The prudent man should under- 

how ghastly it will be, 

when all this world's wealth 

shall stand waste, 

as now divers. 

12. MS. peanj'an. 

17. j)Ojibe? 

19. MS. I^an hyT>i2. 



jeonb J^ifne mibban-jeapb 
pinbe bipaune* 
peallaf ftonba)^- 
hpime bihjiopene- 
hjiy^e Jwi ebepaj-- 
pojuaiS )nt pm-falo* 
palbenb hc^tX* 
bpeame bibpojiene- 
buju)^ eal ^eqionj- 
plonc bi pealle* 
fume p2 pojmom* 
pepebe in jiop'S-pe^e* 
pimne pu^el o)^b»p< 
opep heaDne holm* 
pumne pe hapa pulp- 
pumne bpeopij-hleop- 
m eopiS-pcpsBpe* 
eopl jehybbe. 
y)?be ppa ]npne eapb-;eapb 
aelba pcyppenb* 
o}>)wt: bup2-papa* 
bpeahtma lea)*e* 
ealb enta ^epeopc* 
iblu pt;obon« 
pe ]^n )^ipne peal-pteal* 
pipe 2e]H)hte- 
•5 |?ip beopce lip- 
beope jeonb-J^encelS- 
ppob m jiejipe* 
peop opt ^emon* 
pael-pleahta popn- 
"5 )mp popb aq?iS* 

over this mid^earth, 

with wind shaken 

walls staud^ 

with rime bedeck'd : 

tottering the chambers, 

disturb'd are the joyous halls, 

the powerful lie 

of joy bereft, 

the noble all have fall'n, 
10 the proud ones by the wall. 

Some hath war destroy'd^ 

borne on their journey hence ; 

one the fowl hath borne away 

o'er the deep ocean ; 

one the hoar wolf 

by death hath separated ; 

one with gory countenance, 

in an earth-graFC 

a man hath hidden. 
90 So o'erwhelm'd this world 

the Creator of men, 

till that of the mhabitants, 

in the briefest moment, 

the old works of giants 

stood desolate. 

But he who this waU'd place 

wisely devis'd, 

and this dark life 

profoundly contemplates, 
30 wise in spirit, 

afar oft remembers 

his many battles, 
[ma^o- and these words utters : 

hpep cpom meap; hp»p cpom Where is horse, where is man ? 

3. bipo^ne? 
SS. leajre or laefre ? 

13. pu^els: ship? 
88. MS. beojince. 

U 2 




hpaeji q>oin raa)?J>um-jyj:a. 

hfSBji cpom fymbla jej-etu. 

hpaeji pnbon fele-bpeamaj-. 

eala beopht bune* 

eala byjin-pija. 

eala Jwobnep J^pym. 

hu peo Jjpaj jepat. 

^enap unbeji niht-helm- 

ppa heo no paejie. 

8tonbe% nu on lapfce. 

leoppe bupi)^e* 

peal punbjiu heah- [78 a.] 

pypm-licum pah. 

eoplap po]inoman* 

apca fpyl^e. 

paepen p«l-jippu. 

pyjib peo msepe* 

"5 I?ap ptan-hleo]?u- 

pfcopmap cnyppa*. 

hpiiS-hjieopenbe. 20 

hpuj*e binbe'S- 

pintpep poma- 

]^n pon cyme-S* 

nipe'S niht-j'cua- 

nop}?an onpenbe'S* 

hpeo haejl-pape- 

haelej^um on anban- 

eall ip eajipo^bc* 

eop]>an pice* 

onpenbelS pypba jepceapt- 30 

peopulb unbep heoponu. 

heji bilS peoh laene* 

hep bilS ppeonb laene* 

hep bi« mon Isne. 

where is the treasure-giver ? 

where are the festive sittings ? 

where are the joys of the hall ? 

Alas bright cup ! 

alas mailed warrior ! 

alas chieftain's splendour ! 

how the time has pass'd, 

has darkened under veil of night, 

as if it had not been. 

Stands now behind 

the beloved warriors 

the wall of wonderous height, 

with worm carcases foul. 

The men has swept away 

the spearmen's band, 

the slaughter-greedy weapon, 

and fate omnipotent ; 

and these stone shelters 

storms dash, 

fierce-rushing ; 

binds the earth 

the winter's violence ; 

then comes dusky, 

darkens, the shade of night, 

from the north sends 

the rough hail-shower, 

to men's grievance. 

Irksome is all 

the realm of earth, 

the fates' decrees change 

the world under heaven : 

here is wealth transient, 

here is a friend transient, 

here is man transient. 

20. hjicK-f 

SI. lijiufan? 








-A 'k^ .1^ 

|p4 V li£ 

i^ 1^ i^L 







i-s^ i-^ 





hep htS maa; lasne* 
eal ]nf eopj^an 26]*teal* 

Spa cpe« n^otcoji on mobe. 
jefaet him pinbop aac pune* 

here is a kinsman transient ; 
all this place of earth 
shall become desolate.' — 
So spake a sage in mind, 
sat apart in meditation. 

tilbi]^re]^hif tpeopejehealbe]?* Good is he who holds his faith. 

nefcealnseppehif topntopycene'Never his affliction too quickly 


a man from his breast makeknown, 

unless he ere the remedy can 

vigorously forward. [mercy. 

Well it is for him who seeketh 

comfort, at the Father in heaven. 

beopn oj: hif bpeofcum acyf^an* 
nem)>e he aep {'a bote cunne* 
eopl mib elne ^eppemman* lo 
pel hiS )^m ]?e him ape pecetS* 
ppoppe to paebep on heoponu* 

)'8epupealpeop8eptnun;ptonbe'S:-where all our fastness standeth. 


Fela hxS on polban* 

pp« jepynpa. 

^eonjjia jeopona* 

)^ 1^ jept-bepenb- 

pe^a'8 m jepitte- 

ppa hep peopuba job* 

meotub meahtum ppiS 

monnum ds&leiS* 

pyle^ funbop-jiepe. 

penbe^S pibe- 

ajne ppebe- 

J^apa ejhpylc moc* 


bsel onpon- 

ne bi^S aenij ^a&y* 


[78 b.-] 

Many there are on earth, 

ever visible, 

early gifts, 

which those possessing soul 

bear in their understanding, 

as here the God of hosts, 

the Lord in powers strong, 

dealeth them to men, 

giveth each separate gift, 

sendeth them widely, 

by his own power, 

of which each one may,' 

of dwellers among people, 

a share receive. 

There is not any so. 



mon on molbaii* 
nc ^ddy meb-fpebij. 
lyfcel hybij. 
ne ]wf Isec-hybij. 
f hine fe ap-pi-ti- 
ealle]* bifcyjije. 
mobef cpsejita* 
oy)^ meejen-bseba* 
pif on jepitce* 
o}^{^e on popb-q)ibum 
}?yr tef opmob jy- 
ealpa {'in^a* 
)^apa ]7e he jepophte* 
in populb-lipe. 
jeopona jehpylcpc 
nseppe 50b berne^* 
f aenij ept- 
)>aef eapm 5epeop"Be- 
nem; ejic )?aef fpij^e- 
]^uph pnyccpu-cpaepfc* 
in )^obe )ypym« 
l^ijjej- lifCf • 
j:op"B jeftije^S. 
}78et hun polca peapb* 
J'uph hif hab;e pepe- 
hibep onj-enbe- 
pipe jejwhtap^ 
3 j>opulb-cp8ej:fcaf . 
unbep ane)* meahe* 
ealle poplsete- 
)?y l»f he pop plence* 
pulbop-;eopona pul* 
mon mobe fp^'S* 
op jemete hpeojipe* 
*j }?on jiophycje. 





no man on earth, 

nor BO profuse, 

little heedful, 

nor SO slow-minded, 

that him the bounteous Giver 

cut off entirely from 

energies of mind, 

or strenuous deeds, 

wise in Ms understanding, 

or in verbal utterances ; 

lest he despondent be 

of all things 

which he may have wrought 

in worldly life, 

of every gift, 

God never deemeth 

that any again 

shall be so abject ; 

nor any again so greatly 

(through power of wisdom, 

in the mass of people 

of this life) 

shall advance, 

that him the Guardian of people, 

through his holy grace, 

will hither send 

wise thoughts, 

and worldly crafts, 

or under power of cme 

will leave all ; 

lest he for pride, 

of bright endowments full, 

(a man prompt of spirit) 

from moderation turn, 

and then despise 




hean-fpebi^an • 

ac he ^ebaele'S* 

fe )^e ah bomef ^epealb* 


^eonb }^ifne mibbon-^eajib* 

leoba ledpO'Cpa^pcaY' 


fum hep ofep eop]?an« 

aehta onhh'S* 

pojiulb-^eftpeoua • 

f um hrS poofpebij- 

heapb-fseli; haBle* 

bi'S hpaej^e ^leap* 

mobej* cpsBpc9L» 

pim msejeu-j^tpen^o* 

p]p]H>p on):eh«. 

jiim jzjieohc hv6' 

phti; on paeftmum* 

fum bi)^ poiS-bopa* 

pebba pppef^* 

fum bi]! S^pu«pypbi2- 

pun bi]^ on hunto]^- 


beo)ia b]i»penb» 

pim bype htS^ 

populb-jucum men- 

pim htS pi^ef heapb* 

beabo-qisejti; beojm* 

)wp bopb ftuna'8« [79 a*] 

pim in msefSle mae;- 



pop's ^ehycjan* 

)^8ep pitena bi]^« 

popn aetpomne* 

jiim m»2 ppssthce* 



f Ae humbler ; 

but He diBtributea^ 

who has power of doom^ 


over this mid-earth :— 

power of limbs to people 

inhabiting the land. 

One here on earth 

is solicitous for possession 

of worldly treasures. 

One is indigent^ 

a luckless man^ 

yet is skilful 

in the arts of mind. 

One main strength 

superior receives. 

One is lively, 

comely of stature. 

One is a poet 

qualified for song. 

One is eloquent* 

One is, in hunting, 

of ferocious 

beasts a chaser. 

One is dear 

to the worldly-potent man. 

One is stout in battle, 

a chief skilful in war, 

where the shield dashes. 

One may in council 

of sagacious men, 

on a nation's law 


where sages are 

many together. 

One may curiously 



peojic ahycjan* 
heah-timbpa jehpaej** 
honb bi% ^elaepeb* 
pif 3 jepealben. 
J7a htS pyphtan pyhc 
yele afettan* / 
con he pbne ]i8eceb* 
yddpoe ^epejan* 
yip jiaep-bpypu. 
jiim mib honbum maej* 
heappan jpecan. 
ah he jleo-beamej*- 
jeapo bpyjba bft- 
fum htS pynij- 
fum jiyhfc j^cytce. 
)iiin leo%a ^leap* 
fum on lonbe jnel- 
yepe ppebij. 
jiim pealone pse;* 
]*tej:nan jteopeiS- 
jt^peam-pabe con- 
peopubej' pifa- 
opep pibne holm* 
Jwn pae-pope* 
pnelle mae^ne* 
apuni bpejba^* 
y8-bopbe neah* 
pum htS pynbij. 
pum peapo-cpaeptij* 
jolbep T jimma- 
)?on him pimena peapb* 
hateiS hmi to m8ep]mm* 
maj'l^um penian* 
pum magj paepen-j^paeje 




the work devise 

of any high structures ; 

his hand is learned^ 

wise and powerful, 

as to a Wright is fitting, 

in the fixing of a hall : 

he can the spacious dwelling 

firmly compact 

'gainst sudden falls. 

One with hands may 

the harp salute, 

he has in the * glee-beam's * 

prompt vibrations skill. 

One is a runner : 

one a sure archer : 

one skiird in songs : 

one on land swift, 

speedy of foot. 

One the dusky wave 

with the stem steers, 

the 8tream*road cons, 

the guider of a band 

o'er the wide deep, 

when bold seamen, 

prompt of strength, 

with oars draw 

the vessel near. 

One is discreet : 

one skill'd cunningly 

in gold and gems, 

when him a prince of men 

bids, for his grandeur, 

a jewel prepare. 

One may for weapons' clash. 

1. MS. aby^jan. 27. Lit the wave-board. -bojib ? S8. Dan. tdndig? 




pije to nytce. 

mob-qiaeFtij rini«. . 

momje ^^jqiemman- 

)?6n he 5ej>ypceiS. 

to pepa hilbe* 

helm oype hup-feax* 

dSISe heajm-byjinan* 

]*cipne mece- 

tfS^Se j'cylbef ponb* 

yxfce jepejan* 

pi« jdyje jajier- 

]*iim fat's ajiyxBft' 

3 aehnef jeojin. 

)>eapu 5e]^ybe. 

jTim hiS }wjn jehpeopp- 

on meobu-healle* 

jiim hrS meapep ;leap* 

pic-qi»pta pip- 

pum jepealben-mob* 

Jyapa'S in jej^lbe- 

f he l^on j'ceal* 

pum bomap con. 

)>«p bpyht-juman* 

paeb eahtia^- 

pum htS hpaeb tseple* 

pum br8 jepittij- [79 A.] 

aet pm-J^eje- 

beop-hypbe job. 

pum biS bylba til* 

ham to habbanne* 

pum fat's hepe-toja* 

pypb-pipa ppo 

j'um h\^ polc-pita* 

jiim fai)^ aet ]^appe* 



for use in war, 

a skilful smith, 

many prepare ; 

when he works, 

for strife of men, 

helmet or dagger, 

or martial corselet^ 

faulchion faright^ 

or the shield's surface 

firmly compacts, 

against the arrow's flight. 

One is pious, 

and in alms diligent, 

in manners social* 

One is a thane familiar 

in the mead-hall. 

One in a horse is skiird, 

wise in equestrian arts. 

One of mind sufadued 

allows with patience 

what he then must. 

One dooms understands, 

where people 

counsel devise. 

One is expert at dice : 

one b witty 

at wine-faifabing, 

a good beer- drinker. 

One is a builder good 

a house to raise. 

One is a general, 

a leader bold. 

One is a senator : 

one is, at need 

10. ^eje^e^? 14. ^ej^ybcb? 18. r. picj-cjiaejita. 28. Lit ccrevisis cuBtos. 
so. hebbanne? 34. MS. jum bi> aet >eajij: >^irt' hydi^pa ^z^f ^^» 



l^e^n nub hif f^eobne* 
pim 5e)7lb hajat'S. 
pBft-jonjel pejiiS. 
fum bi9 pijel-bona- 
hapecej* cjisepti;* 
jnim htS to hoppe hpast* 
fum hvS fpi^fnel. 
hajatS feapohc* 
jomen jleo-baeba* 
jipe poji jum-I^ejiiu. 
leoht 3 leo)^u-pac* 
jnim fat's leofpenbe* 
hapk'S mob ^ popb* 
monnu ^e^pmiie* 
fum heji jeojmhce* 
jSBfCef )?eap):6* 
mobe bepinbe)^- 
^ him metabef eft* 
opep eo]\S-peIan* 
ealne jeceof eS. 
pim bii$ beo)i-mob* 
beojilef jepmnef • 
fat's a piS pjienum* 
m ^epeohc jeapo- 
pim qisept hajatS* 
cipc-nytta pela- 
mae; on lop-j^onjum- 
hfey palbenb* 
hlube hejijan* 
hajatS healice* 
faeophte ftejine* 
fum faiS boca j^leaf* 
lapum leo]m-p»ft* 

of the daring, 

a servant with his lord. 

One has patience, 

a constant soul. 

One is a fowler, 

skilful with the hawk. 

One is hold on borsefaack 

one is very strenuous, 

has a cunning 
10 play of merry deeds, 

a gift faefore men, 

light and pliafale of Itmb. 

One is beloved, 

has mind and words 

agreeable to men. 

One here diligently 

his spirit's need 

in his mind wraps, 

and his Creator's favour, 
ao above earth's riches 

all, chooses. 

One is fond 

of the devil's warfare, 

is ever against sins 

ready in fight. 

One has skill 

in many church-duties, 

can, in songs of praise, 

the Lord of life 
30 loudly glorify, 

has in high degree 

a brilliant voice. 

One is skill'd in books, 

in song-learning firm. 

19. MS. e^t. 



jTiin h\^ hj-fc-henbij. 

to apjiicanne* 


Nif nu ojieji eop]ian. 

aem; monna* 

mobe jFasf cpaejiti;* 

ne \f«y ms^en-eacen* 

f hi sRfjie anum* 

ealle peo}i]7en* 


yy l«f him jilp pceBiSe. 

oype jrope )>«]ie m8ep]?e* 

mob ajtJije. 

jij: he hajra]^ ana* 

ope]\ ealle men* 

phfce 3 pifbom* 

3 peopca blaeb* 

ac he miffenhce* 

monna cynne* 

jielpef ftyjieiS- 

3 hip jiepe bjiytca'B* 

pumum on cyptum* 

pumum on cpeptnim* 

pumum on phce* 

pumum on pi;e* 

]*umum he yfle^ monna* 

milbe heoptan* 

);eapp8eptne jej^ht* 

pum bijF peobne holb* 

ppa peoii"Shce. 

pibe topapeV* 

bpyhten hip bu^u^^e* 

a )>«p bom aje* 

leoht-bsepe lop* 


One is cunning 
to write down 
verbal mysteries. 
Now there is not on earth 
any man 

with mind so cunning, 
nor so powerful 
that they ever for one 
be all 

lest arrogance him injure^ 
or^ for that greatness, 
his pride should rise, 
if he alone have, 
over all men, 
beiMity and wisdom, 
ai^d fruit of works ; 
biit He variously 
of the race of men 
corrects the pride, 
and his gifts dispenses : 
to one in dignities, 
to one in arts, 
to one in aspect, 
to one in war ; 
[80 a.] to one man he gives 
a tender heart, 
a well-orderM mind ; 
one to his lord is faithful. 
Thus excellently 
widely disseminates 
the Lord his bounty ; 
ever therefore may power have, 
bright praise. 



18. He, i. e. God, sec p. 299, 1. 19. 

82. MS. rtuumom. 


*j hif milbe ni6b. 
monnum cyJ^eiS :• 

he who to us life giveth, 
and his tender spirit 
showeth to men. 


Duf yjiob pebep* 

ppeo-beajin laepbe- 


maja cyjtum ealbr 

popbu pij73Bftum. 

f he pel l^unje- 

bo a Jwcce buje. 

beaj \fm jepyphtu. 

job J?e bi)? jymle. 

joba jehpylcef • 

jzjiea 3 piltum- 

jieonb ]?a o]?jium* 

pypj-an jepyphca 

pene "pec yy befcpan- 

ej:n elne )>if • 

a Jwnben ]?u hf-je* 

j:8ebeji "3 mobop- 

fjieo ]m nub heopican* 

maja jehpylcne. 

jij: him fy meotub on lujian* 

pej* \fVL ]7inum ylbpum- 

apjisept pymle. 

ya&jfiji pypbe. 

•5 J^e in jiep^e laec 

Thus a wise father 

his dear son instructed^ 

a man wise of mind^ 

a parent old in excellencies^ 

in words sagacious^ 

so that he was much rever'd : 
10 * Do ever what is virtuous ; 

if thy deeds be virtuous, 

God to thee will ever be, 

in every good, 

a patron and support ; 

a foe to others 

of worse deeds, 

accustom thyself to the better : 

perform boldly this, 

ever while thou livest. 
90 Father and mother 

love thou with heart, 

of thy kindred every one, 

if to them the Lord be dear. 

Be thou to thy parents 

ever dutiful, 

fair in word ; 

and in thy soul let 

6. ^uma seems wanting after mob-rnottoji. 11. beaje? 26. pojibe? 


)?me lapeopaf • 

leope m mobe* 

]?a J?ec jeopnaft* 

CO jobe Cjiymmen. 

Paebejx ejic hif j-unu* 

j^iob jejjietce. 

o)^e pj'c- 

healb elne )?if • 

naejrpe me pjiene> 

ue naeppe jipeonbe* to 

)^inum ms^e* 

man ne ^ej^apa* 

^ \«Y ^ec meotub oncunne* 

|?8Bt )>u jy pommej' jepica* 

he )^e mib pice pelbeiS- 

J7ylce J?am oj^pum- 

mib eab-pelan. 

Dpibban J7|>e. 

]?onc-pioccop ^uma* 

bjieofC-jehyjbum- oo 

hip beapn Isepbe. 

Ne ;epuna pyppa- 

piban peope* 

aenpi eahca* 

ac ]m ]^e anne jenim* 

CO jepppecan pymle- 

ppella *] lapa. 


py ymb pice ppa hic mae;e. 

Peopj^an pi}^e. ao 

psebep epc laepbe* 

mob-Ieopne ma^an- 

p he jemunbe piy. [80 6.] 

Ne appic puubop-pine. 

9. MS. nejpjie-— naejrjie inib peonbe? 
22. pyPr^n? 

thy teachers, 

in thy mind, be dear, 

who thee most diligently 

confirm in good.' 

The father again his son, 

wise, address'd 

a second time : 

' Observe steadfastly this : 

never in foe, 

never in friend, 

nor in thy kinsman, 

wickedness approve, 

lest thy Creator thee accuse, 

that thou art cognizant of crime ; 

he with punishment will requite 

as he does others [thee, 

with felicity/ 

A third time, 

a man wise in thought, 

from his mind's cogitations, 

his child instructed : 

^ Hold not converse with a worse, 

throughout life, 

for any possessions ; 

but thou take to thee one 

for counsellor always 

in discourses and doctrines 

sagacious ; 

be lY as to power as it may.' 

^ fourth time, 

a father again instructed 

his beloved child, 

that he this should mind : 

' Deceive not a particular friend, 

11. ne J'lnum? 
28. -hycjenbiie? 


ac a iTinle jehealb* 

pyhtum ^epifnum* 

]i»pn elne ]^if • 

^t ]^u naepjie pecne yeojv&* 

jqieonbe Jnnum. 

Fi]:t:au p)^* 

psebqi ept onjon- 

bjieoft-jejFOQCiiin • 

hif beapn bqian- 

bfiTuicen beop; j^e- 

^ boUi; pojib. 

man on mobe* 

3 in mu]^ lyj«' 

ypjie •] 8e]:e)*te« 

^ ibefe lupn* 

po]i}K)n fceal aepifc-mob* 

ojit fijnan- 

fe}^e jepite^S- 

in pij:ef lujian- 

ppembpe meoplan* 

l^aeji fat's a pjiena pen* 

la^licjie fcome* 

Ion; ni'S PI'S job- 

jeotenbe pelp* 

pej* )ni a pebba pip • 

psep pi« pillan. 

]>opba hypbe. 

Siextan pj^e- 

ppaep e).*t onjon* 

]?uph bliSne 2e]H>ht* 

hif beapn Is&pan- 

onpet jeopne* 

hpaet py job oy^ ypel- 

•3 topceab pmle* 

but ever constantly regard him 

with right observanoes : 

perform duly this, 

that thou be never treacherous 

to thy friend*' 

A fifth time^ 

a father again began, 

from his bosom-thoughts, 

his child to teach : 
10 ^ From drunkenness guard thyself, 

and foolish words, 

crime in thy heart, 

and in thy mouth falsehood, 

anger and envy, 

and from woman's love ; 

because abased in mind shall 

often go, 

he who yields 

to love of woman^ 
90 of a strange damsel : 

there is ever thought of sins, 

of loathly shame, 

long enmity with God, 

excessive vaunt. 

Be thou ever wise of speech, 

guard, even against its will, 

thy tongue/ 

A sixth time 

a dear father again began, 
30 through kind thought, 

his son to teach : 

* Perceive carefully 

what is good or evil, 

and them distinguish ever. 

37. Lit keeper of words. 


fceappe mobe* 
m fepan ]nnum- 
•] }^e a psst felle jeceof • 
a ^e htS ^ebsaleb* 
pp pe beah hy^e* 
punaiS pifbom m, 
^ ^n pajr ;ea]ie* 
Tpt ypler. 
healb ^e elne piiS* 
peopma )ni jymle* 
m )yinum peplSe ;ob. 
Seofej^an p]?e« 
hif funu laepbe* 
psebep jipSb pima* 
fae^be pela jeon^um- 
pelban jnottop puna* 
fopjleaf blijja'S. 
fpylce bol felbon* 
bpymeS fopjpul* 
ymb hif poft^'^efceaft* 
nefne he pehpe pite* 
p»p pypbe fceal* 
piITiaeft h»le- 
bpeoftum h^cjan- 
nalef bpeahtme falub. 
6ahto}^an pj'e- 
ealb paebep onjon* 
hif majo moDian* 
milbum popbum- 
leopna lape* 
laep jebepe* 
pene ^ec in pipbom* 
peopuba pcyppenb* 
hapa ]^ to hyhte* 

with sharp understanding, 

in thy mind, 

and for thee the better ever choose, 

it shall ever be allotted thee. 

If thy spirit be good, 

(/* wisdom therein dwell, 

and thou well know 

the sense of evil, 

withstand it boldly ; 
10 cherish thou ever 

good in thy soul/ 

A seventh time 

his son instructed 

a father, a wise man, 

said much to the youth : 

^ Seldom a wise man 

secure exults^ 

like as a fool seldom 

rejoices sorrowful 
ao about his future state. 

Unless he decide a quarrel, 

a man his words shall, 

a sagacious mortal, 

in his breast meditate, 

not with noise aloud/ 

An eighth time 

an old father began 

his son to admonish, 

in kind words : 
ao ^ Learn lore, 

teach what is fitting, 

accustom thyself to wisdom, 

the Creator of hosts 

have to thee for hope, 

7. MS. j»ur. 

15. MS. jeo ^um. 

38. pep popt ? 


[81 «.] 


hahxpa jemynb. 

"5 a yo9 fco pyje- 

pan \fu f ecje hpaet;* 

NijeJ^an pj?e. 

naejbe fe jomola* 

ealb u%pit:a' 

jwjbe eajropan popn. 

Nif nu pela polca* 

fte pypn-jepjucu. 

healban pille* 

ac him hy^e bpopna?* 

ellen colaiS* 

iblaiS J^eobpcype. 

ne habba'S piht pop f' 

]^ah hi pom bon* 

opep meotubep bibob* 

mom; jxeal onpelban- 


ac Iffic ]7mne j'epan healban* 

pypn-pop^S-jeppitu. 9o 

3 yjiean bomaf • 

l^a }>e hep on maejiJe jehpaepe. 

men jzoplaeta)?* 

jT)i)>op ap^an* 

)>on him J7 pylpum pyhc. 

Teoj^sn pi)>e- 

copn-popjna pul- 

ealb ejrt on^on- 

eapopan l»pan* 

pnyttpa bpucej^. 

"pe yojie paple lupan* 

papnaiS him pommap • 

popba ^ bseba* 

on pepan pymle* 

T T^V Ppeme'S. 

bi*8 him ^eopona jehpylc 


the memory of saints, 

and truth ever tell, 

when thou aught sayest/ 

^ ninth time 

the ancient one address'd, 

the old sage 

said, to his offspring much : 

' There are not now many folks, 

who the writings of old times 

will hold, 

but their mmds corrupt, 

their ardour cools, 

discipline is neglected, 

they care not aught for it, 

though they crime commit 

against the Lord's command ; 

many a one shall pay with 

torment of soul : 

but let thy mind observe 

the scriptures of old times, 

and the Lord's decrees, 

which here in the country every- 

men suffer [where 

to decline, more 

than for themselves is right/ 

A tenth time, 

full of anxious cares, 

the old man again began 

his son to teach : 

^ He wisdom uses, 

who, for Aw soul's love, 

guards himself from sins 

of words and deeds, 

in his mind ever, 

and truth promotes ; 

to him each gift shall be 


jobe jeyceb. 

meahtum rP^^^S* 

]>on he mon plyh%« 

yppe ne tec J?e. 

aejijie 2e)>ealban- 

heah in h]\e]^p«* 

heojio popba ^unb* 

p;^lme befmican* 

ac him pajina'S f> 

on jeheojitnim hy^e* 

hsele ]*ceal piffaeffc. 

•3 jemedic* 

mobef j'notcoji. 

jleap m jehyjbum* 

jeopn pipbomep- 

ppa he PI'S »lba maej* 

eabep hleot^n* 

ne beo ]^u no to tselenbe- 

ne to cpeo-fppsece* 

ne ]^ on mobe Iset* 

men to pjiacoj^e* 

ac beo leoppenbe- 

leoht on jehysbnm* 

bep bpeofc-cojian* 

fpa )m mm beajin jemyne* 

jqiobe paebeji-Iajie* 

^ ^ec a PI'S ppenum jehealb : 

increas'd by God 

in powers abounding, 

when he flees from sin. 

Let not anger thee 

ever overpower, 

high in thy breast, 

of hostile words tAe ground, 

with its heat defile thee ; 

but guard himself therefrom, 
10 in his courageous soul, 

shall a man wise 

and temperate, 

of mind sagacious, 

prudent in thoughts, 

desirous of wisdom ; 

so that against age he may 

of happiness partake. 

Be thou not too prone to blame, 

nor too double-tongued, 
1M> nor let into thy mind 

men too profligate ; 

but be amiable, 

light in thy thoughts ; 

bare thy breasts' recess : — 

so thou, my son, remember 

wise paternal lore, [serve/ 

and thyself ever against sins pre<* 

3« r. man. . 

9. pajiman? 

16. slbu? 



Maej ic be me j-yljrum. [81 A.] 

fo^S jieb ppecan* 

pj?af fecjan. 

hu ic jefpinC'bajum. 


opt ]7jiopabe- 

bicpe bpeofC-ceape. 

jebiben hsebbe* 

jecunnab m ceole* 

ceap-pelba pela* lo 

acol yl^a^epealc* 

]^aep mec ope bijeac* 

neapo niht-paco* 

sat nacan ptepnan* 

]?dn he be cbpum cnop]*a^* 

calbe jej'punjen- 

paepon mine pet* 

popjte ^ebunben* 

calbu clommu* 

}^aep )?a ceajie peopebun. » 

hat ymb heojitan* 

hun^op mnan plat* 


mepe-pepjep mob* i 

^mt pe mon ne pat 

\fe hun on polban* 

psejnopt hmpe*8. 

hu ic eapm-ceapij* 

ip-cealbne p^* 

pmtep punabe* 

pjiseccan laptum* ao 

• • * 

pme-maejum bibpopen* 
IS. -pacol? 

I of myself can 

n true tale relate, 

my fortunes recount, 

how I, in days of toil, 

a time of hardship 

oft suffer'd, 

bitter breast-cares 

have endur'd, 

proved in the ship 

strange mishaps many. 

ITie fell rolling of the waves 

has me there oft drench'd : 

an anxious night-watch, 

at the vesseFs prow, 

when on the cliffs it strikes, 

pierc'd with cold 

were my feet, 

bound with frost, 

with cold bonds. 

There cares sigh'd 

hot round my heart, 

hunger tore me within, 

the sea-wolfVrage. / 

That the man knows not, 

to whom on land 

alt falls out most joyfully, 

how I miserable and sad, 

on the ice-cold sea 

a winter pass'd, 

with exile traces ; 

• * • 

of dear kindred bereft, 

so. Here a line ii omitted. 



bihonjen hpim-pcelum* 

haejl fcujium jilea;- 

yBdjx ic ne jehypbe. 

butan hlimmau y^' 

if-calbne paej* 

hpdu ylpete fonj. 

bybe ic me to ^omene* 

janecej' hleo)?op« 

'J hu-ilpan fpej' 

fope hleahtop pepa* 

maep pn^enbe- 

j:ope mebo-bpmce* 

)tx>pmaf )7aep ]*tan-clipu beotan 

]?8ep him ]t:eapn oncpae^* 

ij-ij jzej^epa. 

pil ojrt f eapn bijeal* 

upij yeypsi. 

* « « 


hung o'er with icicles, 

the hail iu showers flew ; 

where I heard nought 

save the sea roaring, 

the ice-cold wave. 

At times the swan's song 

I made to me for pastime, 

the ganet's cry, 

and the ^ hu-ilpe's ' note ; 

for men*8 laughter, 

the mew singing ; 

for mead-drinking, 

storms there the stone-cliffs beat ; 

there them the starling answer'd, 

icy of wings. 

Full oft the eagle scream'd, 

dewy of wings. 

nsBni; hleo-mae^a- 
peapceajrti; pep's* 
pepan meahte- 
pop)H>n him jelypeS lye 
pe ];e ah lipep pyn- 
^ebiben m bup^* 
bealo-pi]?a hpon* 
plonc ;j pin-jal. 
hu ic pepi; opt- 
in bpim-labe- 
biban pceolbe* 
nap niht-j-cua* 
nopj^an pnipbe- 
hpim hpupan bonb- 
haejl peol ou eop]^an« 

no hospitable kinsman; 

he a poor soul 
90 might go ; 

for he little believes, 

who has the joy of life 

experienced in cities, 

misfortunes few, 

elate and wine-flush'd, 

how I weary oft, 

in the ocean-way 

must bide : 

night's shadow darken'd, 
30 from the north it snow'd, 

frost bound the land, 

hail fell on the earth. 

4. MS. hlimman. 
17. Though 4here is no hiatus in the MS., some lines are evidently wanting. 

X 2 



[82 a.] 


copna calbaft- 

j:opl?on cnyrra« nCf 

heoptan je)?ohcaf • 

^ ic hean jrpeama]*- 

j-ealt-yjm jelac- 

j'ylj: cunmje. 

rnona^ mobef luffc* 

m»la jehpylce. 

pep's to fepan* 

f ic jieop heouan- 


eapb jefece- 

popj^on nif )?»]• mob-plonc* 

mon ojzep eop];an* 

ne hif pjzena J^ae)' job. 

ne in jeojuj^e to J^aef hpset* 

ne m hif bsdbu to ]^8ef beop* 

ne bun bif bpyhten to J'aef holb 

^ he a hif f^-}:ope« 

j'opje naebbe- ao 

to bpon bine bpyhten* 

jebon pille. 

ne bi]; him to heappan byje* 

ne to hpinj-)?eje- 

ne to pife pyn. 

ne to populbe byht* 

ne ymbe opiht ellej'- 

nepne ymb yj?a jepealc- 

ac a bapalS lonjunje* 

]*e ]?e on laju pinba'S* so 

beappaf bloftmum nima'S. 

bypij paejpiaS. 

ponjaf phtija'8. 

populb onette'S* 

ealle ]?a jemonia'S* 

4. heah-? 

coldest of grains ; 

therefore it oppresses now 

my heart's thoughts^ 

that I the deep streams^ 

t/ie salt wave's sport, 

myself shall prove. [me 

{though my mind's desire exhorts 

at all times, 

my soul, to go, 

that I far hence, 

of strangers 

the habitation see^ ;) 

for there is not so elate of mind, 

any man on earth, 

nor in his qualities so good, 

nor in youth so ardent, 

nor in his deeds so estimable, 

nor to him his Lord so benignant, 

that he never on his sea-voyage 

fear entertains, 

as to what the Lord with him 

will do. 

He has to the harp no mind, 

nor to the receipt of rings, 

nor delight in woman, 

nor in the world joy, 

nor of aught else thinks, 

save of the rolling of the waves ; 

but ever weariness has 

he who on the deep ventures. 

The groves increase with flowers, 

towns appear fair, 

the plains seem beautiful, 

the world hastens on : 

all these admonish 

81. ro-nimaf!»? 




mobep pifne* 
jiejian co p^e* 
fam ];e fpa {pence's* 
on flob-pejaf • 
pcoji ^epita^- 
j-pylce jeac rnona^* 
^eompan peopbe- 
pnjeS fumepef peapb- 
fopje beobeiS* 
bictep m bpeoffc-hopb. 
pBRt ye beopn ne pat* 
epc eabij fecj- 
hffBt ysL fume bpeoja'S- 
fe |m ppaec-laj'fcaj'. 
pibofC lecjaiJ. 

p)p]'on nu nun hy^e hpeoppeiS 
ofep hpe]7ep-locan* 
mm mob-fepa- 
mib mepe-flobe* 
opep hpaelef e];el* 
hpeopjzeS pibe* 
eop]?an yceatay 
cyme? epc to me- 
jippe T 5p«bij. 
pelleiS an-jdoja* 
hpeceiS on pael-p^* 
f. h}>e]^ep unpeapnum* 
ojzep holma ^^la^u* 
fopj^on me hatpan pnb- 
bpyhmef bpeamap • so 

|>on ^ly beabe bp* 
laene on lonbe* 
ic jelype no- 
f him eop%-pelan« 
ece pconbeB. 

5. jepitan? IS. ejt;-? 


the prompt of mind 

to go on journey ; 

those who so think, 

on the flood- ways, 

far to depart. 

So also the cuckoo exhorts, 

with mournful voice, 

the summer's warden sings, 

sorrow announces 

bitter in its heart. 

The man knows it not, 

the favour'd mortal, 

what some endure, 

who their exile traces 

furthest set ; 

for now my thought wanders 

o'er my breast's recess ; 

my spirit, 

with the sea-flood, 

over the whale's home, 

wanders wide, 

earth's regions 

come again to me : 

eager and greedy 

yells the lone bird, 

urges on the whale-way 

nathless suddenly, 

over ocean's flood : 

for to me more exciting are 

the Lord's joys, 

than this dead life, 

transient in the land. 

I believe not 

that its earthly wealth 

will stand for ever. 

96. lipsl-? 



[82 A.] 


pmle )>peopa pim* 

l^inja jehpylce. 

asp hif tibe je* 

to tpeon peojij^el!)- 

abl opye ylbo. 

oype ecj-hete. 

fasjum ppompeapbum* 

):eoph oSJ^pinjcS. 

j:op]7on )78et eopla ;ehpam 


lop lipjenbpa- 

lapt popba befcjt. 

f he jepypce. 

aep he onpej pc^le. 

ppemman on polban* 

PI'S peonba ni]?« 

beopum bsebum* 

beople co-jeanep. 

I^aet hine aelba beapn- 

aeptep hepjen^ 

;j hip lop pi]^]^an- 

lipje mib enjlum. 

apa to ealbpe* 

ecan bpep blaeb^ 

bpeani mib buje|>um* 

bajap jinb jepitene. 

ealle onmeblan* 

eopl^an picep- 

naepon nu cynm^ap* 

ne capepap. 

ne jolb-jiepan- 

pylce lu psepon* 

pan hi msept mib him* 

m»p]?a jeppemebon* 

*5 on bpyhdicej'tum. 

3. spji his ri^Mje ? 6. Lit. 



Ever either one 

of three things, 

erevit take place, 

will be doubtful ; — 

disease, or age, 

or hostile sword, 

from the fated to departure 

life will expel ; 

therefore that to every man 

of after-speaking, 

praise animating, 

last words is best : 

that he work, 

(ere he must away) 

act on earth, 

against the hate of foes ; 

by estimable deeds, 

against the devil ; 

so that him the dons of men 

may after praise, 

and his fame thenceforth 

live with angels 

for evermore, 

in the blessing of eternal life, 

joy with the good. 

Days are pass'd away, 

all the pomps 

of earth's kingdom ; 

kings are not now, 

nor emperors, 

nor gold-givers, 

such as were of yore, 

when they most among themselves 

glories performed, 

and in most lordly 

edge-hate. 24. MS. blaeV. 





borne lijibon* 

jebpopen ij- ^eoy bujuiS eal 
bjieamaf j'lnb jepicene- 
puma's ]7a pacpan* 
^ ]?a]* populb healba]?- 
bjiuca'S )mph bifjci* 
blaeb ip jehnae^eb- 
eop];an inbpyhto* 
ealbaiS ^ peapaiS* 
ppa nu monna ^^hpylc* 
^eonb mibban-jeapb* 
ylbo him onpapeiS* 
onpyn blaca'S- 
jomel-peax jnopna'S* 
pafc hip lu-pme- 
sej^ehnja beapn* 
eopj^an popjiepene* 
ne maej him JTon ]*e plaejx-homa 
]?dn him f peop; lopaiS* 
ne J7>ece popppeljan« 
ne pap ^^pelan* 
ne honb onhpepan* 
ne niib hy^e )7encan* 
l^eah ];e ;p»p pille- 
jolbe prpejan. 
bpo]H)p hip jebopenum* 
bypjan be beabu* 
ma]^mum mipkcii* 
f hme mib pille* 
ne m»2 )>8epe paple* 
)>e bij? pynna pul. 
jolb to jeoce. 
pop jobep ejpan^ 
)H)n he hic aep hybe?. 
I^enben he hep leopa^* 
15. jinaj? 



power liv'd : 

fairn is this splendour all, 

joys are pass'd away ; 

the weaker remain^ 

and this world hold^ 

enjoy in toil. 

Olory is humbled^ 

the honours of earth 

wax old and sere : 

as now every man 

throughout mid-earth ; 

age comes on him^ 

his face waxes pale ; 

hoary-lock*d he grieves, 

knows that his friends of old, 

sons of noble ones, 

are to earth committed ; 

may not his body then, 

when life escapes him, 

nor sweets consume, 

nor pain feel, 

nor a hand move, 

nor with its mind think : 

though the grave will 

strew o'er with gold 

a brother his brother's, 

heap for the dead 

with various treasures, 

he will not that take with him. 

May not to the soul 

that is full of sins 

gold be for help, 

before God's terror, 

when he ere hides it, 

while he here lives. 

89. he ne? 



micel hip ye meotubej* ejj^a- [83a.]6reat is the dread of the Creator, 
jDop)H)n hi feo molbe oncyjijie'S* for the mould shall thein return : 
fe 2e]t:a]?elabe* he establish'd 

fti)7e 2punbaj'« the rugged dcpthfl, 

eojil^an fceacaf • earth's regions, 

*] up-pobop* [ne onbp«be|^* and heaven above. [not, 

bol bi]' f e J'e him hif bpyhten Foolish is he who his Lord dreads 

death comes to him unsolicited : 
happy is he who humbly lives, 
to him comes mercy from heaven ; 
the Creator his mind strengthens. 

cymeS him fe beaiS unj^mjeb* 
eabi; htS fe ];e ea]7mob laopa)^* 
cyme% hi feo ap oy. heoponum- 
meotub him f mob jeftal^laS* 

):op]^n he m hi)* meahte -gelffeS* because he in his might believes, 
ftiepan mon f ceal ftponjum ji man shall govern with strong 

mobe* 13 

^ l^aec on jtaj'elum healban* 
T jepif pepum* 
pijiim clsene* 
pcyle monna jehpylc 
mib jemete healban* 
pij? leopne* 
-J PI'S l&yne- 20 

* * bealo* 
yeah pe he hme pille* 

pypep pulne- 

* « « 

oippe on bsele- 
hip jepophcne pine. 

pypb bij? JT^P©' 

meotub meahtijpa* 

jH)n aenjep monnep jehyjb. 

Ucou pe hycjan- so 

and that with firmness hold, 
and certain towards men^ 
in its ways pure. 
Every man ought 
moderation to preserve 
towards his friend, 

and towards his foe 

« * « 

though he will him 

of fire full, 

m m H 

or on the pile 


one become his friend. 

Fate is hard, 

the Creator mightier 

than any man's thought. 

Let us consider 

1. I suspect that a leaf is here wanting, and that what follows is the end of 
another poem. 

IS. MS. mob; see p. SS6. 1. 17. 

19..S4 Here thn text seenu very defective, though there is no hiatus in tlie MS. 




hpseji pe hain ajeii^ 

^ J?6n 2e];encan- 

hu pe }yibep cumen* 

"J pe ]70Q eac tilien* 

^ pe to moten* 

m )7a ecan* 


|>aep If hf jelonj. 

m lujuui bpyhtnep • 

hyht in heo):onum» 

l^aef ]y ]7am haljan )^onc< 

^ he upc jepeopj^abe. 

pulbpef ealbop* 

ece bpyhten- 

in ealle tib. ?Cin :• 


where we may have a home, 

and then think 

how we may thither come, 

and then also prepare ourselves, 

that we may go thereto, 

into the eternal 


where life depends 

on the Lord's love, 

joy in heaven ; 

therefore be to the Holy thanks, 

that he us hath honour'd, 

the Chief of glory, 

the Lord eternal, 

in all time. 


J^psat me jijiob pica- 
on j:ypn-bapim> 
faejbe pioteop aji. 
f unboji-punbjia fela* 
pojib-hopb onpeaph* 
picjan lapu. 
beopn boca ^^^^P* 
boban sep-cpibe* 
f 10 poShce. 
p]7];an meahte* 
onptan be )^am -^ealbjxe 
jobep a^eu beajin* 
pil-^^pt; on picum* 


[83 A.] 

List what to me a prudent sage, 

in days of old, 

said, a wise messenger, 

rare wonders many, 

his word-hoard disclosed, 

with a sage's lore, 

a man skill'd in books, 

a preacher's word of old, 

that I truly 

might after 

comprehend, through that lore, 

Ood's own Child, 

a welcome guest among us, 

1. MS. je. 
S6. Lit incantation. 

80. r. onpjiah. 

88. Lit. in our habitationi. 



^ {Tone pacjian fpa j*ome* 

j'cylbuni bej'cypebne* 

on jefceab piton- 

]78et: maej se^hpylc mon* 

eape je)7encan. 

j-ej^e hme lasted - 

on pap laenan tib* 

amyppan hip ^emynbum 

mobep jaelpan. 

;j on hi)' baej-pime- 

bpucen to pice. 

)^on mom^e beoS- 

m8B)?el-hep jenbpa • 

plonce pij-pmij^ap- 

pm-bupjum in« 

pcca)? aet pymble- 

poiS-jieb ppeca"?. 

popbum ppixlaS- 

pitan punbia]^* 

hpylc aej'c-prebe. 

inne in paecebe* 

mib pepum punije* 

]^dn pm hpece'S* 

beopnep bpeojt-pepan. 

bpeahnne jrije"?. 

cipm on copj^pe- 

cpibe-pcpal leta)?- 


YpsL beo]? mob-pepan- 

balum jebaeleb. 

pinbon bpyhc-juman. 


pum on opephyjbo- 

fpyme J^pinje* 

and the weaker likewise^ 
of shields depriv'd, 
with reason direct; 
so that may every man 
easily think, 
who himself lets, 
in this fading time, 
be by his thoughts seduced, 
his mind's luxuries, 
10 and in his number of days 

But many are 

lovers of social converse, 

haughty warriors, 

in pleasant cities, 

they sit at the feast, 

tales recount, 

in words converse, 

strive to know 
ao who the battle-place, 

within the house, 

will with men abide ? 

then wine whets 

a man's breast-passions, 

suddenly rises 

clamour in the company, 

an outcry they send forth, 


So are dispositions 
90 by parts distributed, 

people are 

unlike : 

one in overweening 

proudly presses forth. 

8. pican for bepitan? 
20. Lit. the ash (i. e. spcftr) -place. 

13. Lit prai^era. 
25. MS. bjieabtem. 



]?pinte'8 him m mnaii- 
unjemete mab mob- 
j*inban to momje ]7aet* 
hrS pset sepj'onca* 
eal jepylleb- 
j:eonbej' plije-pilum. 
pacen-f eappum • 
bpeobaiS he ^ bselceS* 
bo8 hij' rylpef - 
fpi)7op micle- 
J>oii j'e j'ella mon* 
J^ence^ f hij' pi)*e. 
pel hpam ]?ince> 
eal unjzopcu]?* 
bij? J^aej' olpeji fpice. 
fon he J^asf jiacnej' . 
pntan pceapa^- 
ppence)? he ^ blence]^> 
popn jej?ence}?. 
hyje-jap lete^. 
fcupum fceote)?. 
he |?a pcylbe ne pat. 
yaeitipe jeppemebe- 
jieoh hif betpan* 
eopl pope sepjtum- 
laete'S mpit-plan* 
bpecan J^one bupj-peal 
\^ him bebeab meotub 
j^aet he Jwt pij-jreal. 
pepjan pcealbe* 


jitej? jymbel-plcMic. 
peappum laBte?. 
pine jepaejeb. 
popb ut-papan* 

2. MS. un2eniet>e. 

swells within him 

immensely his mad mood : 

too many are that. 

If that of grudges be 

all fill'd, 

with a foe's flying-darts^ 

with treacherous wiles^ 

he terrifies and becomes angry, 

10 more by much 

than a better man ; 

thinks that his wise 

seems to every one 

all undeprav'd. 

Another is so wily, 

that when he of treachery 

the sequel sees, 

he practises fraud and blenches, 

devises many 
w stratagems, 

his mind's dart lets forth, 

in vollies shoots ; 

he the shield knows not 

lets the shafts of treachery 
break the town wall, [ed, 

which his Creator to him intrust- 
so that he that fortress 
should defend. 
He sits with feasting proud, 
[84 aJ] guilefully lets, 
mov'd by wine, 
words go forth, 

4. JJUBt, i.e. mob. 8. bclseiJ (bfljtJ)? 



l^pyme jebyjimeb- 
aejiaeftnim onseleb* 
Ofephyjba pul. 
ni}>um neapo-ppencum- 
nu ]fxi cuniian meaht« 
jif ^xx fyphcne- 
l^®3Pi jemictepc- 
punian m picum* 
pite ye be J^ifpum- 
peapum pop'S-ppellum* 
pmt f bi]^ peonbep beapn* 
plaepce biponjen* 
hapalS ppaete lip- 
jpunb-pujTie jaejt:. 
jobe op-peopmne* 
pulbop-cynin je • 
J^aefc j-e picja ponj. 
jeapo pypbij juma. 

"D )^^ jy^ app«c- 
pej>e hme jylpne- 
in ]?a pli];uan cib* 
J>uph opephyjba- 
ahepeiS heah-mobne* 
pe pceal hean pepan- 
aeptep neob-p)>uin« 
nij^ep jebijeb. 
punian picum paept* 
pypmu bej^punjen. 

m jobep pice» 
^e mib en^lum* 
opephyjb apta;* 

1. fj\ijt?e? 
16. MS. ojp jpeojimne. 

audaciously burst forth, 

with pride inflated, 

with envy inflam'd, 

of overweening full, 

with odious afflicting wiles* 

Now thou may'st be able, 

if thou such 

a man meetest, 

dwelling among us, 
10 to know by these 

few intimations, 

that that a child is of the fiend 

with flesh invested, 

has a dissembling life, 

an earth-prone spirit, 

of God devoid, 

the Glory King ; 

what the prophet sang, 

a reverend man of yore, 
90 and that lay recited : — 

' He who himself, 

in this dire time, 

through presumption, 


haughty, raises, 

he shall be low, 

after his destin'd lot, 

nether bow'd, 

shall dwell in torments fast, 
30 with worms surrounded. 

It was in days of old, 

in God's kingdom, 

that with angels 

presumption rose ; 

8* r. ^emetre ; see p. SIS. 1. 6. 
87. MS. neo jij^um. 




pib-msepe jepm* 

pjioht ahopan* 

heajibne hepe-)'i|^* 

heo)X)n pibleban- 

jropfapan hypa pellan* 

]^a hi to ppice ]7ohton* 

■] )^ym-cyninj» 


picne bejiypan. 

ppa bit pyht ne paep- 

^ )?on jej'ectan- 

on hyjia pylppa bom. 

pulbpep pyn-loiib- 

psst hi pije poppcob- 

paebep ppum-]'ceapta* 

peap^ him peo peohce Co 2pim. 

Donne hiS ]^am o)^um» 


pej^e heji on eop)?an. 

ea^mob leopa^* 20 

D T^^ jepbbpa jehpone- 

pimle healbeS* 

ppeobe on polce* 

^ hip ppeonb lupaiS- 

]?eah ^e he him abyl^neppe- 

ope jeppemebe. [84 A.] 

pillum m l^ippe populbe- 

pe mot pulbpep bpeam. 

m hah^pa hyht* 

heonan aptijan* 

on en^la eapb* 

ne bi)7 )>am o]^u jja* 

yepe on opepmebum- 

eap^um baebum* 


they far-fam'd contest, 

crime, instigated, 

stem warfare ; 

heaven they polluted, 

despis'd their superior ; 

then they treachery devis'd, 

and the King of glory 

of hi^ throne, 

the powerful, to bereave, 

OS it was not right, 

and then to place 

in their own power 

the joyous land of glory, 

so that them in war withstood 

the Father of first beings : 

for them was the fight too grim. 

Then it for that other is 


he who here on earth 

humble lives, 

and towards all At^ kindred 

ever holds 

peace among people, 

and his friend loves, 

(though that heofFence against him 

oft have perpetrated ;) 

willingly in this world ; 

he may into the delight of glory, 

into the joys of the holy, 

from hence ascend, 

into the abode of angels. 

Not so will it to the other be, 

who in pride, 

in wicked deeds. 

4. MS. pib laeban. 




leopi]? m leahcpuQi- 

ne beo% ]?a lean jelic* 

mib pulbop-cyninj. 

pite "pe be J^ifj'um. 

jip pxx eaiSinobne* 

eopl jemece- 

)?ejn on J?eobe« 

];am htS pmle* 

jaeft jejaebejiab. 

jobef ajen beapn* 

pilfum m pojilbe* 

jip me pe piteja ne leaj* 

pop|?on pe )*culon a hycjenbe 

haelo jisebep • 

^emunan m mobe* 


]?one pelepcan. 

pjopa palbenb. ?Cmen :• 


lives, in vices ; 

the rewards shall not be like, 

with the Glory-King.' 

Know from this, 

if thou a lowly 

person meet, 

a man in the people, 

to him will ever be 

a gathered guest 

God's own Child, 

dear in life, 

if the prophet spake me not false : 

therefore we should ever, studious 

healthful counsel, 

in mind remember, 

at all times, 

the most excellent 

Ruler of victories. Amen. 



pib-piS ma^olabe* 
popb-hopb onleac* 
pe J?e maepfc* 
maepj'a opep eoj^an • 
polca jeonb-pepbe- 
opt he plecfce je)?ah- 
mynehcne ma]?];um* 
hme ppom mypjiujum 
Bepele onpocon* 


Widsith spake, 

his word-hoard unlock'd, 

who a vast many [had met with] 

wonders on earth, 

travel'd through many nations $ 

oft he had in hall receiv'd 

a memorable gift. 

Him from among the Myrgings 

nobles gave birth to. 

1 1 . Lit. in the world. 

91. A word is wanting after mmpe, probably merre. 



he mib ealhhilbe* 
peljie ]:)ieo]m-pebban« 
fojiman pj^e- 
ham ^^fohte* 
eaftan op on^le* 
pjia)?ef paeji-lojan- 
onjon l^a popn j-pjiecau. 
Fela ic monna 3ej:p»jn< 
maejj^um pealban* 
pceal jyeoba jehpylc. 
)^eapum lipjan* 
eojil 8e]:te)i ot^jium* 
e^le ji8eban> 
ye pe hiy j^eoben-pfcol' 
je)?eon pile- 
)7apa psej* hpala- 
hpile pelapfc. 
*] alexanbpeaf • 
ealjia jucojt:* 
monna cynne]*> 
^ he msejt; jej^ah. 
]7apa ]7e ic 0]:ep polban 
jeppBBjen hsebbe- 
seda peolb hununi- 
eopmanpic jotum- 
becca banm^um* 
bup^enbum ppca* 
capepe peolb cpeacum* 
3 cashc pnnum* 
ha^eua holm-pycum* 
^ henben jlommum* 
pitt;a peolb ppaBpum* 

He with Ealhild, 

faithful peace-weaver, 

for the first time, 

of the Hreth-king 

sought the home 

east of Ongle, 

of Eormanric, 

the fierce faith-breaker ; 

began then much to speak : 

10 ' Of many men I've heard 
ruling o'er tribes j 
(Every prince should 
live according to usage, 
chief after other 
rule the country, 
he who in his throne 
desires to prosper.) 
[85 a.] Of these was Hwala 
a while the best, 

20 and Alexandreas 
of all most powerful 
of the race of men, 
and he most prosper'd, 
of those which I on earth 
have heard of. 
iEtla rul'd the Huns, 
Eormanric the Goths, 
Becca the Banings, 
the Burgends Gifica, 

ao Cffisar rul'd the Greeks, 
and Cielic the Fins, 
Hagena the Holmrycs, 
and Henden the Glonis, 
Witta rul'd the Swwfs, 

7. Here a portion seems wanting. 
16. r. -ftole. 

12. ^eobna. K. 

18. hpala. K. MS. pala. 



paba haelpnpiin- 
meaca myjipnpiiii* 
meapchealj: hunbinpim* 
l^eobjiic peolb ppoDCum- 
l^yle jionbin^u* 
bjieoca bponbinju- 
billin; pejinum- 
ofpine peolb eopum* 
'J yram ^ejrpulp- 
pn folq^albm;* 
jrfiepia cynne- 
pjehejie lenjejt:. 
pe-benum peolb- 
hnsep hocinpim* 
helm pulpnju- 
palb poinjum. 
pob J^yjunju* 
pejzejiiS jycpim. 
fpeom onjenbj^eop* 
fcesfthejie ymbjium* 
]*ceapi lonjbeajibu* 
hCn hsetpepum* 
^ holen pju>pium« 
bjunjpealb posf hacen* 
hejie-pijiena cynin;* 
ofpsL peolb onjle* 
alepih benu« 
ye p»f yajtA manna* 
mob^Ajt; ealpa* 
no hp»]7pe he oi-'eji oj^ran- 
eojilprype pjiemebe- 
ac oppa seplo;- 
aepefc monna- 
cnihc pepenbe- 

Wada the Haelsiogs, 

Meaca the Myrgings, 

Mearchealf the Hundings, 

Theodric ral'd the Franks^ 

Thyle the Rondings, 

Breoca the Brondings, 

Billing the Wems^ 

Oswine rul*d the Eows^ 

and the Tts Gefcnilf, 
10 Fin^ Folcwald'is son, 

the race of Fresns, 

Sigehere longest 

rul'd the Sea-Danes, 

Hnffif the HokingSy 

Helm the Wulfings, 

Wald the Woings, 

Wod the Thyrings, 

Ssferth the Sycgs, ^ > ' 

t/te Swedes Ongendtheow, 
» Sceafthere the Imbers, 

8cea& the Longbeards, 

Hun the Haetwers, 

and Holen the Wrosns, 

Hringwald was nam'd 

the Herefaras' king, 

OttsL rul'd Ongle, 

Alewih the Danes, 

who of those men was 

haughtiest of all, 
30 yet not o'er Offit he 

supremacy effected, 

for Offii won, 

earliest of men, 

being a youth, 

82. MS. bunhapr pepum. 



cyne-pica maejn:- 
naenj; ejien-ealb him* 
eoplfcipe mapan* 
ane fpeopbe- 
mepce jemsepbe* 
PI'S mypjinju. 
bi ppel-bope. 
heolboii pop's ppyan* 
enjle ^ j^aepe. 
j^pa hit ojipa jeploj. 
hpol^pulj: ^ hpo%2^p. 
heolbon len^epc* 
pbbe aBt-fomne* 
pt'l^n hy fopppsecon* 
picinja cynn* 
■] mjelbef . 
opb juipbi^ban- 
popheopan aet heopote* 
heaSo-beapbna )7pyin- 
fpa ic ^eonb-pepbe jiela* 
jrpembpa lonba- 
jeonb -pnue jpunb. 
jobej- T y|:lej'- 
ysdji ic cunnabe* 
cnofle bibaeleb* 
jipeo^ma^um peop* 
poljabe ptbe. 
popj^on ic mae; pn^an* 
■] fecjan ]*pell« 
maenan pipe men^o- 
in meobu-healle- 
hu me cyne-jobe. 


[85 A.l 



of kingdoms greatest, 

no one of like age with him 

dominion greater 

had in contest gain'd, 

with his single sword ; 

his marches he enlarged 

towards the Myrgiugs, 

by Fifel-dor. 

Continued thenceforth, 

Engles and Swaefs, 

as OiFa it had won. 

Hrothwulf and Hrothgar 

held very long 

peace together, 

the paternal cousins, 

after they had expel'd 

the race of Wikings, 

and Ingeld's 

sword had bow'd, 

slaughter'd at Heorot 

the host of Heathobeards. 

Thus I traversed many 

foreign lands, 

over the spacious earth, 

good and evil 

there I prov'd, 

from my offspring separated, 

from my dear kindred far, 

followed widely : 

therefore I can sing, 

and a tale relate, 

recount before the many 

in the mead-hall, 

how to me the noble of race 

29. fol^obe, i. e. wot afoUcwer in the suite of some patron. 



cyftum bohcen- were eminently kind. 

Ic p»i* nub hunum* I was with the Huns, 

3 mib hpe?-jotura. and with the Hreth-Goths, 

mib fpeom 3 mib jeacum* with Me Swedes audwith^AeGeats, 

^ mib jai}7-benum* and with the South-Danes: 

• mib penlum ic paej* *] mib paepnum • with the Wenls I was and with the 

'1 ^ V ^ mib picm^* and with the Wikings, 

mib jfiyUfVLXTL ic paep *] mib pmebu* with the Gefths I was and with 

the Wineds, 
^ mib jepplepim- and with the Ge£9egians, 

mib en^lum ic pa&f ^ mib fpaejm- withEnglesIwas and with Swsefs, 
^ mib aenenum- 11 and with ^A^iGnens, 

mib f eaxum ic paej* ^ nub f ycpim • with Saxons I was and with Sycgs, 
•5 mib fpeopb-pepum^ and with the Sweord-Wers, 

mib hponum ic pef *] mib with the Hrons I was and with 

beanum- the Danes, 

^ mib hea}^o-peamum* and with the Heatho-Reams, 

mib l^ypmpim ic paef with the Thyrings I was, 

^ mib Jipopenbu* and with the Throwends, 

3 mib bupjenbum* and with the Burgends ; 

}wp ic bea; jej^ah* there I a bracelet receiv'd, 

me }^8ep ^u'Shepe popjeaj:* 90 me there Guthhere gave 
jlseblicne ma]i}^am- a brilliant jewel, 

fonjef to leane* for reward of song, 

n»f ^ ]^ne cyninj- tliat was no sluggish king, 

nub pponcu ic pae]* ^ mib ppypun* With the Franks I was and with 

the Frisians, 
^ mib fpmntmju* and with the Frnmtings, 

mib pu^um ic psep ^ nub jlommu* with the Rugs I was and with the 

^ nub pum-paium* and with the Rum-Wealhs ; 

fpylce ic psef on eatule* also I was in Italy, 

nub selfpme- mth iElfwine, 

\e haepbe mon-cynnep • 90 who had of all mankind, 

mine ^eppaeje- to my knowledge. 



leohtejTe honb< 

loj:ef Co pyjicenne. 

heoji&an uDhneape)t:e* 

hjimja jebalef . 

beojihtpa beaja* [86 aJ] 

beajin eabpmef . 

Mib j'ejicmjum ic paep. 

^ mib pejimjum- 

inib cjieacu ic pa&j' 3 mib pnnii* 

■] mib capejie. 10 

pe }?e pm-bujija* 

jepealb ahce- 

piolane ^ pilna* 

■3 pala pJcep. 

the lighteHt hand 

praise to effect, 

the amplest heart 

in the distribution of rings ; 

of bright bracelets, 

the child of Eadwine. 

With the Serkings I was, 

and with the Serings, 

with Greeks I was and with Fius, 

and with Csesar, 

who o'er the joyous cities 

dominion held, 

Wiolane and Wilna, 

and o'er the Walish realm, 
mib pcoctuicpaep*] mib peohtum* With the Scots I was, and with 

the Picts, 
•] mib pcjube-pinnum. and with the Scride-Fins ; 

mib kb-picmjum ic psep ^ mib with the Lid-Wikings I was and 

'J mib lonj-beapbum* 
mib has^num ^ mib h8ele}^um- 
^ mib hunbmjum- 90 

mib ipjiahelum ic p»p* 
•3 mib ex-j7pinjum. 
mib ebpeom ^ mib inbeum- 
3 mib ejyptum. 

with the Leons, 
and with the Longbeards ; 
with Hfiethns and with Hfieleths, 
and with the Hundings, 
with the Israelites I was, 
and with the Ex-Syrings, 
with Hebrews and with Indians, 
and with the Egyptians ; 
mibmoibumicpaep'] mibpep]*um«with the Medes I was and with 

the Persians, 
"3 mib mypjmjum. and with the Myrgings, 

^ mopbin^um- and the Mofdings, 

^ onjenb myppnjum- and again with the Myrgings, 

^ mib amothmpim^ and with the Amothings; 

mib eapc-I?ypinjum ic p»p ^ mib with the East-Thyrings I was and 

eolum- 30 with the Eols, 

•5 mib ipcum. and with the Ists, 

3 ibummjum* and Idumings, 

Y 2 



'] ic pssf mib eoimianjuce* 

ealle ^^aje* 

Jwji me ^otena cyninj- 

jobe bohte* 

j'e me beaj pojijeaj:. 

bujij-pajiena j-^iuma* 

on }^am pex hunb paep* 

pmaetef jolbep* 

jefcyjieb j*ceatta- 


}w)ne ic eabjilpe- 

on eht j*ealbe* 

nun am hleo-bjwhtne* 

}^a ic tx> ham bicpom* 

leojnim to leane* 

}^8Sf ]^ he me lonb popjeap 

minep paebeji ej^el; 

jjiea myjipnja. 

3 me ]7a ealhilb- 

oJ?epne popjeap. 

bp yhfc-cpe n bujuj^e. 

bohtop eabpmep* 

hype lop lenjbe. 

;eonb lonba pela* 

"Son ic be ponje. 

pecjan pceolbe* 

hpep ic unbeji ppejl- 

pelapt pippe. 

jolb-hpobene q>en* 

jiepe bpyttian* 

'Son pit jxilhn;* 

pcipan peopbe- 

pop uncpum pijc-bpyhfcne 

ponj ahopan. 



[86 A.] 


and I was with Ek>nnanric ; 

all which time 

there to me the Gothic king 

was bounteously kind, 

he me a bracelet gave, 

the chieftain of his citizens, 

on which six hundred were, 

of beaten gold, 

sceats scored, 

in shillings reckon'd, 

which I to Eadgils 

in possession gave, 

my patron-lord, 

when to my home I came, 

in requital to my friend, 

for that he me had given land, 

my father's home, 

the Myrgings' lord ; 

and to me then Ealhild 

another gave, 

the noble queen of chieftains, 

Eadwine's daughter : 

/ her praise extended 

over many lands, 

when I in song 

had to relate 

where I under heaven 

knew most bountifully 

a queen with gold adorn 'd 

her grace dispense. 

When I and Skilling, 

with clear voice, 

'fore our victorious lord 

rais'd the song, 

90. i. e. o^epne e>el. 





hlube bi heajipan* 

hleof'oji jT^mj^abe. 

]?dn monije men. 

mobum plonce- 

popbum fpjiecan* 

pdL \^ pel cu]f3n» 

f hi nejrpe ponj. 

pellan ne hyjibon- 

'Sonan ic ealne ^eonb-hpeapp 

epel ^otena- 

pohte ic 'i p]ia* 

}^a peleptan. 

y»t psep inn-peopub* 


he^can pohte ic ^ beabecan* 

;j hepelinjap- 

emepcan pohte ic 3 ppiblan* 

onb eapt-jotan- 

ppobne 3 jobne. 

p8Bbep unpeuep* 

peccan pohte ic ^ beccan* 

peapolan 3 }^eobpic* 

hea}K>pic 3 ppecan- 

hb)>e 3 iDc;en]^eop- 

eabpine pohte ic ^ elpan. 

se^eknunb 3 hunjap* 

3 Jm ploncan jebpyht. 


pulphepe pohte ic *] pypnihepe- 

pul ope }^8ep P13 ne alse;* 90 

}^onne hpseba hepe. 

heapbum ppeopbu* 

ymb piptla pubu* 

pep^an pceolbon* 


loud to the harp 

our lay resounded, 

then many men, 

haughty of soul, 

spoke in words, 

(they who well knew,) 

that they never song 

better had heard. 

Thence I travers'd all 

the country of the Goths. 

Of courses I ever sought 

the best, — 

such was the household band 

of Earmanric. 

Hethca I sought and Beadeca, 

and the Herelings ; 

Emerca I sought and Fridla, 

and the East Goth 

wise and good, 

Unwen's father ; 

Secca I sought and Becca, 

Seafola and Theodric, 

Heathoric and Sifeca, 

Hlithe and Incgentheow ; 

Eadwine I sought and Elsa, 

iEgelmund and Hungar, 

and the proud host 

of the With-Mjrrgings ; [here : 

Wulfhere I sought and Wyrm- 

fuU oft war ceas'd not there, 

when the Hraeds' army, 

with hard swords, 

about Vistula's wood, 

had to defend 

S. r. fp]\8ecoi). 




ealbne ebel^^tol- 

sedan leobiim* 

jiaebhepe f ohce ic ^ jionbhepe 

jiuinftau ■] jiflhejie- 

pij^epjielb ^ ppeof^epic- 

pubjan ^ haman* 

ne paepou f sepjwi. 

}?a j*8emejTan* 

J>eah I^e ic hj^ a rnhpt' 

nemnan pceolbe- 

j:ul opt op }^am heape> 

hpinenbe pleaj- 

jiellenbe j^ap* 

on jpome }^eobe- 

ppaeccan }^ep peolban- 

punbnan jolbe* 

pepum ^ pipum* 

pubja ^ hama- 

ppa ic f rymle onponb. 

on I^aepe pepmje- [87 «•] 

}^«c pe bi}^ leopapc* 


pe }?e hym job pyleiS- 

jumena pice. 

to jehealbenne- 

}?enben he hep leopaiS* 

ppa pcpij^enbe. 

jepceapum hpeoppaS* 

jleo-men jumena- 

jeonb jpunba pela* 

J^eappe pecja^. 

}K)nc-popb pppecaj?. 

pimle puis op^e nopS* 

pumne jemeta'S* 

jybba jleapne. 

jeopum unhneapne* 



their ancient native seat 

against the folks of iGtla. 

Raedhere I sought and Rondhere, 

Rumstan and Gislhere, 

Withergield and Freotheric, 

Wudga and Hama ; 

these were of comrades 

not the worst, 

though I them ever last 

should name. 

Full oft from that band 

whining flew 

the yelling shaft 

on the fierce nation, 

where would avenge, 

the chiefs adorn 'd with gold, 

their men and women, 

Wudga and Hama. 

Thus I that have ever found, 

in that journeying, 

that he is ever dearest 

to the land's dwellers, 

to whom God gives 

empire o'er men 

to hold, 

while he here lives. 

Thus roving, 

with their lays go 

the gleemen of men 

over many lands, 

their need express, 

words of thanks utter, 

always south or north 

find one 

knowing in songs, 

liberal of gifts. 



fe ye pope bujujie pile- 
bom apaepan* 
eoplrcipe ffifnan* 
o]^]?aet eal fcece^* 
leoht 3 lif ]*oinob« 
loj: fe jepypce*- 
hapiiS unbep heoponu* 
heah-pseftne bom :• 

who before his nobles desires 
his grandeur to exalt^ 
his dignity to show^ 
till that all departs, 
light and life together. 
He who works praise 
has, mider heaven, 
substantial glory. 


Ful opt Jiaet jejon^eV* 
nub ^obef meahtum- 
}^8ette pep 3 pip* 
m populb Genua's* 
beapn mib jebypbum* 
•3 nub bleom jyppa^- 
temia}^ ^ tieca}^* 
o}^)wt peo tib cymeiS* 
jejse^ ^eap-pimum* 
ymt ]7a ^eon^an leomu 
bppaeptan leof'u* 
^eloben peop}^ai$* 
pepja^ ppa ^ pej^a*?. 
p»bep ^ mobop* 
jiepa« •) jieppaf. 
job ana pat* 
hpset him peaxenbi • 
pintep bpiQja'S* 
fumum f jejonje'S* 



Full oft it happens, 

through God's powers, 

that man and wife 

bring forth into the world 

a child by birth, 

and in colours deck tV, 

discipline and teach it, 

till that the time comes, 

passes, in course of years, 

that the young limbs, 

the vital members, 

be grown : 

carry then and lead it 

father and mother, 

gift and adorn it. 

God only knows 

what to it waxing 

winters will bring. 

To one it happens, 

15. MS. ceuna} *) T;«t:a>. 




on jeoju'S-peojie. 

J>aefc fe enbe-ftKj:« 

eajijie'S-maecpim • 

pealic yeojipeS' 

fceal hine pulp etau* 

bSji hae'S-ptapa- 

hiD-p}? }7on mobop bimupne'S* 

ne bi"8 ppylc monnep jepealb. 

jiimne pceal hun^oji ahi}^an« 

jumne pceal hpeoh popbjupan 

pumne pceal jap ajecan* 

pumne ju'S abpeotran* 

pu pceal leomena leap* 

lipep neotan* [87 A.] 

polmu set-peohtan* 

pum on pe'Se lip- 

]*eono-bennum peoc* 

pap cpanian* 

mupnaii meo&ub-jepceapr* 

mobe jebypjab- 

pnni pceal on holte* 

op heah-beame- 

pif'epleap peallan* 

bi% on phhte ]*e-)^eah* 

laceS on lypfce. 

oppB^t lenjpe ne hvS' 

pepcem pubu-bearaep* 

ySn he on pypt-puman- 

pje"® pponcen-pepiJ. 

paple bipeapob* 

fesSLep on polban* 

peop"? bi}^ on ppe> 

pnm pceal on pe]ie« 



in youthful life^ 

that the end 

(to the unfortunate) 

is miserable* 

Him the wolf shall eat, 

the hoar traverser of the heath, 

his mother thea shall his death 

bemourn : 
such is not within man's control. 
One shall hunger destroy ; 
one shall the cruel drive away ; 
one shall the spear lay prostrate ; 
one war shall crush ; 
one shall void of light 
pass his life, 
with his hands grope ; 
one on foot his life, 
sick with sinew-wounds, 
his ptdn, bewidl, 
mourn the Liord's dispensation, 
in mind afflicted ; 
one shall in the forest, 
from a high tree, 
wingless fall, 

shall nath'less be on flight, 
hover in air, 

till that he shall no longer be 
the wild tree's fruit, 
when he to the root 
shall sink with life exhausted, 
of soul bereft, 
shall fall on earth, 
his soul be on its journey. 
One shall on foot. 

8. on jepealb ? 

S9. MS. hean beane. 

-•— •^•1 




on peoji-pejaj'. 
nybe jonjan* 
■] hif nept bepan* 
tpeban ujuj-lajr. 
ppecne polban- 
ah he peopmenbpa* 
lyt hjz^enbjia. 
leX bi}? sejhpaep* 
]:ope hif fonYcehpdi* 
pmeleaf hele* 
pim ]xeal on jeapu* 
^al^an piban* 
feomian aefc fpylce* 
o]'}^8ec fapl-hojib- 
ban-copa blobi;- 
abpocen peopJ^elJ. 
t^ji hun bjiepi nime)'* 
fhteiS falpi;-pab* 

noj'eji he ^y pacne maej* 
folmum bipepjan* 
la}^um ly}:t-fcea}^an- 
bi}' hif hj: fcaecen* 
^ he pele leap • 
peopef oppena. 
blac on beanie* 
bibeiS pypbe- 
bepe^en psel-mipte* 
his him pejii; noma- 
j*um on baele j*ceal* 
bjionbaf Jieccan- 
fjietan jrpecne* 

on far ways^ 

needs go, 

and his provision bear, 

tread, with dewy track, 

of foreigners 

the unkind soil, 

he has of entertainers 

few living, 

is everywhere unwelcome 
10 for his misfortunes, 

a friendless man* 

One shall on the curved 

gallows ride, 

be in death suspended, 

till that his body, 

his bloody carcase, 

shall be broken : [take 

there from him shall the raven 

his eyes, 
90 sallow of coat, shall tear ^ 

him soulless, 

nor may he from that roguery 

with hands defend hitnself, 

from the hateful robber of the air ; 

his life is departed, 

and he skinless, 

hopeless of soul, 

pale on the tree, 

his fate awaits, 
30 cover'd with the mist of death : 

to him is an execrable name. 

One in the fire shall 

the brands deck, 

fiercely they shall consume 

26. |:elleaff 

SO. bepriijen? 

SS. MS. >encan. 



hf-yss^ne monnan- 
Jiaeji hi hp-jebal. 
luiijpe peoji^Je?- 
jieab jiej^e jleb- 
peote^ meople* 
feo hJTie beajin jej-ihiS. 
bjionbaf Jieccan* 
f umu mecej' ecj* 
on meobu-bence* 
yjijium ealo-pofan* 
ealboji oipypin^eV* 
pepe pm-pabuni' 
biiS 8eji hif popba to hji8eb< 
pim fceal on beope- 
]iuph bypelej' honb- 
meobu-^&l maecja* 
ydn he ^^inet ne con* 
^emeapcian hip niu}?e* 
mobe pine* 

ac pceal jnil eapmhce* 
ealbpe hnnan* 
bpeojan bpyhcen-bealo* 
bpeamum bipcypeb* 
"3 hine to j-ylp-cpale- 
j-ecjap nemna'S- 
niaena'S mib maf^e* 
meobu-jalep jebpinc- 
pnm j*ceal on jfiogoipe* 

mib ^o^^r me&ht^* 
hip eappo^-pJ>. 
ealne popppilban* 
^ on ylbo ept- 
eabi; peop}mn« 
punian pyn-ba^um* 

the death-destin'd man ; 

there to him death 

shall be sudden, 

red the fierce gleed : 

the woman shall weep, 

who her child shall see 

the brands decking. 

From one the faulchion's edge, 

on the mead-bench, 
10 angry with ale, 

life shall expel, 

a wine-sated man ; 
[88a.] was ere in his words too hasty. 

One shall at beer, 

through the skinker's hand, 

a mead-mad man, 

when he discreedy cannot 

to his mouth set bounds 

with his understanding, 
90 but shall full miserably 

lose his life, 

suffer misery profound, 

from joys cut off, 

and him for a self-destroyer 

men shall name, 

shall deplore with mouth 

the mead-mad's drinking* 

One shall in youth, 

with God's power, 
30 his hard lot 

all bring to naught, 

and in age again 

be happy, 

continue in prosp'rous days. 

1. hffsejrne? 

17. ^emece? 

SO. MS. eajifOfiK 



"3 pelan }^icjan* 
ma}?ma]' ^ meobu-ful- 
maej-bupje on. 
I^aef J>e aenij ppa maeje. 
peoph jehealban* 
fpa mij'j'enlice- 
meahfcij bpyhten. 
jeonb eojipan ]*ceat* 
eallum bsele^* 
j'cypej? ^ jxpife*. 
> jej'ceapo healbe'S* 
fumum eab-pelau* 
pxnm eappe}'a bael* 
pinium ^eaff}pe ^IfiBb* 
pumum -ffxpe bla&b* 
jepealbenne pij-plejan* 
pumu pypp oj^jw pcyte. 
tophtlicne tUp* 
pumu taeple cpept* 
bleo-bopbep jebpejb. 
pume bocepap* 
yeojipKS pifpsBfte. 
pumurn punbop-jiepe* 
]mph 5olb-jTni}>e. 
jeappab peopj^e^. 
pul opt he jehypbe^5. 
T jehyppteB pel. 
bpycen-cynmjep beopn< 
T he him bpab pylelJ. 
lonb CO leane. 
he hit on lupt J'lje'S. 
]'um pceal on heape. 
h8ele}^um cpeman- 
bhj^ian ec beope. 




and wealth receive, 

treasures^ and mead-cup, 

in his family, 

for which may any man 

life preserve. 

Thus variously 

the mighty Lord, 

over earth's region, 

to all allots, 

dispenses and provides, 

and his creatures holds : 

to one prosperity, 

to one a lot of hardships, 

to one a joyous youth, 

to one success in war, 

stern battle>play ; 

to one in casting or shooting 

bright glory ; 

to one skill at tables, 

cunning at the coloured board ; 

some doctors 

wise become ; 

for one a wonderous skill 

in gold-smith's art 

is provided^ 

full oft he decorates, 

and well adorns 

a powerful king's noble, 

and he to him gives broad 

land in recompense ; 

he it joyfully receives. 

One shall in company 

to men give pleasure, 

at beer delight 

5. MS. joph. 

H. ^Isebe 

17. |»yppe? 



benc-pttenbum • 

)^ji bi)' bjuDcenbjia* 

bjieam ]*e micla* 

fum fceal mib heajipan* 

aet hi]* hlapopbef • 

fotum pecan* 

peoh yic^an* 

^ a pielbce. 

j'nejie ppaejnsaii* [88 A.] 

laetan ]*cpal leican* lo 

jeapo fe J^ hleapeiS* 

nse^l neome cenbe* 

bi}^ him neob micel* 

f um ]*ceal pilbne }:u;el* 

ploucne atemian* 

heapoc on honba* 

oypa&t yeo heopo ypealpe* 

pynpim peopfefi* 

bey he pypplaf on- 

febey fpa on petepum* ao 

p}^pum bealne* 

lepe}? lypt-ppipcne- 

lytlum peplum* 

oyp2Bt pe paehpca. 

pa&bum 3 bsebum* 

hip aec-jiepan. 

eaSmob peop}^%« 

3 Co hajopcealbep* 

honba jelaepeb- 

ppa ppaedice* ao 

peopob anep job- 

jeonb mibban^jeapb* 

monna cpaeptap* 

pceop T pcypebe- 

the bench-sitters, 

where of drinkers is 

great joy. 

One shall with harp 

at his lord's 

feet sit, 

money receive, 

and ever quickly, 

with rapid flexions, 

a loud sound send forth, 

ready he who dances, 

he has great need. 

One shall the wild bird, 

proud, tame, 

the hawk on his hand, 

till that the martial swallow 

becomes gentle : 

he puts varvels on, 

feeds him thus in fetters, 

in his plumes exulting, 

teaches the swift in air 

with his little gaffies, 

till that the Welsh bird, 

in weeds and deeds, 

to his feeder 

becomes obedient, 

and to his trainer's 

hand instructed. 

Thus wonderously 

the God of hosts 

over mid-earth 

men's powers 

has created and allotted. 

10. hluban? 

S3. Ixfie^l 



T jefceapo jiepebe. 

e^hpylcu on eopj^an* 


pojij^on him nu eallef }^onc< 

sejbpa fccje* 

}^aef ]?e he jzoji hif miltfu* 

monnum fcpipeti :• 

and his decrees borne 

to every one on earth 

of human race ; [all 

wherefore to him now thanks for 

let each say, 

that which he in his mercies 

for men provides. 


Fjiije mec jrpobum pojibum- 
ne Iset }^mne pepS onhaelne* 
bejol yxt J>u beopopc cunne- 


nelle ic ^e mm bypne jepecjan. 
jip Jm me J^mne hyje-cjiaepc 

3 |?ine heojitan jej^ohtap* 
jleape men pceolon jiebbu 

job pceal mon aepepc hepjan- 
p»5pe paebep upepne. [teobe* 
popJ?on J?e he up «t ppymj^e je- 
hp ^ laenne piUan- 
he upc pile ]>apa leana jemonian< 
meotub pceal m pulbpe* oo 
mon pceal on eop]>an* 
jeonj ealbian* 
job up ece bij?« 
ne penbaS hme pypba* 

9. bihelan, or 10. 


Declare to me in prudent words, 
let not thy unsound mind 
conceal what thou most deeply 

knowest ; 
I will not tell thee my secret lore, 
if thou from me thy knowledge 

and thy heart's thoughts : 
skilful men should in proverbs 

God before all must one praise 
fervently, our Father, [sign'd 
because he to us at the first as- 
life and feeble will. 
He will remind us of those loans. 
The Creator shall abide in glory ; 
man shall dwell on earth ; 
the young grow old ; 
God is for us eternal, 
fates change him not, 

bejlian or bijhaii ? 



ne hine piht bpecef^* 
abl ne ylbo* 

ne 3omela« he in jserre 
ac he ij' jen j'pa he psej'. 
I^eoben jej^ylbij. 
he xif je^nc jyleiS- 
mijyenhcu mob* 
j:eoph-cynna jzela. 
]:8e]?me)' pibe. 
ejlonb monij- 
eajibaj* jiume* 
meotub apsepbe* 
pop mon-cynne* 
aelmihti; job- 
epen-pela beja* 
]?eoba ^ }^apa« 
l^inj fceal jehejan. 
pjiob fi^ ppobne- 
bi}^ hypa peji"? jehc- 
hi a pace pemaj?. 
pbbe jelaepa'5. 
^K ssji ponpaelje* 
apejen habba^- 
jiaeb pceal mib j-nyctpo- 
pyhc nub pipum« 
til pceal mib tilum* 
tu beoS jemaeccan* 
pceal pip T pep- 
in populb cennan* 
beapii mib jebypbu* 
beam pceal on eojiiSan* 
leapum lij^an- 
leomu piopnian* 

S4. lipan? 

[89 a.] 




nor doth aught afflict him, 

disease nor age^ 

Almighty : 

he grows not old in spirit, 

but he is still as he was, 

a patient Lord : 

he gives us understanding, 

various minds^ 

human speech. 

Divers tribes of mortals 

contains in its wide embrace 

many an island. 

Spacious lands 

the Creator establish'd 

for mankind. 

Almighty God, 

a like many of both 

nations and manners. 

Counsel shall hold 

the wise with the wise, 

their mind shall be alike, 

they shall ever strife appease, 

peace enjoin, 

which the unbless'd ere 

have disturb'd. 

Counsel shall ie with the prudent, 

right with the wise. 

The good shall hold with the good. 

Two shall be mates. 

Woman and man shall 

bring forth into the world 

children by birth. 

A tree shall on earth 

with leaves flourish, 

with branches grow. 

85. leomu ^jiopnn? 



fay fceal jiepan. 

paeje fpelcan. 

^ bo^pa jehpam* 

ymb jebal ]*acan- 

mibban- jeapbe]' • 

meotub ana pat- 

hpaep pe cpealm cyme}?* 

]w heonan op cyJ?J>e jepice}?. 

umbop yceiS )?a« 

»p abl mnieiS- 

]>y peop)?e'8 on polban ppa pela 

ppa cynnep- 

ne jy J^aep maju-cimbpep. 

jemet opep eopf'an- 

pp hi ne panije* 

pe Jiap populb teobe. 

bol bi}> pe ]fe hip bpyhcen nat< 


ITie departing shall go, 

fated die, 

and every day 

strive against separation 

from mid-earth. 

TT^e Creator alone knows 

where the malady shall come, 

which hence from Meland departs : 

He the children increases, 

ere disease takes them ; 

therefore are on earth so many 

of the race of men : [be 

there would not of the human race 

measure on earth, 

if them decreas'd not 

he who this world created, [not. 

Foolish is he who his Lord knows 

to ]?aep opt: cymeS bea^S unj'injeb* so often cometh death unask'd. 
pnocpe men paplu beop^aiS* Prudent men take heed for their 

healba^ hypa poiS mib pyhte* ao hold their sooth righteously, 
eabij bi'S j-e ]>e m hif eple ^ej^ihiS-Happy is he who in his country 

thrives ; [betray, 

eapm pe him hip p]iynb ^eppicaiS* miserable he whom his friends 

neppe pceal pe him hip nepc 

n^b pceal J^paje- 
jebunben bli]?e pceal* [89 bJ] 
heopte blinb pceal* 
hip eajna Jiolian* 

lie shall never * * whose 

provision fails. 
Need shall have time. 
Bound cheerfully shall be 
the innocent. 
7^ blind of heart shall 
his eyes lose, [vision, 

optijen hiy him tophcpe ^epih]^* taken shall be from them bright 
ne majon hi ne tun^lu bepitum* they may not the heavenly bodies 

ppejl-copht-punnan ne monan- the heaven*bright sun or moon, 

SS. Tbe verb seems wanting. 




that to him wiU be pain in his mind, 

in an much that he alone knows it; 

he will not hope that its return 
may come ; 

tlie Supreme hath him that pu- 
nishment decreed, 

who may give him a change, 

health of eyes, 

if he know that At^ heart be clean. 

A lover requires a leech. 

J^sc him h\}f fup m hij* mobe« 

on je }^on he hic ana pac* 

ne peneiS ^ him J^aef eb-hpypp; 

palbenb him }^t pite teobe* 

pe him mse; pyppe pyllan* 

hselo op heopob-jimme- 

jip he pat heopt:an claene* 

lepmon laecep behopaS* 

laejianpceal monjeonjnemonnan*^ young man one must teach, 

cp^man ^ tyhtan ^t he teala encourage and excite, that he 

cunne* may well know, 

o}f)f2Rthme monat:emebne haebbe-till that he is render'd docile : 
pylle him pijt; ^ pebo* 19 give him food and garments, 

o}^}^8er hme mon on jepitre alaebe*till that he be led forth with un- 
derstanding ; 
ne pceal hme mon cilb ^eonj ne one must not, while a young 

pojicpej^an- child, upbraid him, 

»p he hme acy}>an more- ere he can know himself : 

}^y pceal on }^eobe je]>eon* he shall among people flourish, 

Jiset he pepe }^pipt-fayc2enbe- so that he be bold of spirit, 
ptyjian pceal mon pqionpimmobe»With strong mind shall a man 

The sea oft brings storm; 
90 the ocean, in rough seasons, 
strives fiercely to tend, 
dusky, to move to land ; 
yet it shall fast stand, 
bulwarks shall hold against it, 
to them is the wind indifferent. 
As the sea is calm, 
when wind excites it not, 
so are people in concord, 
when they have settled differences, 

S9. r. oti-jp flpan. 23. ftonbets ? 

ptopm opt holm jebjun^eji' 
jeopen in jpimmum j*8?lum* 
onpnna^ jpome punbian* 
pealpe on-peoppan to lonbe. 
hpe)>ep he p8&]*te ptonbe* 
peallap him pij'pe healbaiS* 
him bi}^ pmb jemaene- 
ppa \n^ p» pmilte. 
^jfoxi hy pmb ne peceS- 
ppa beo}^ Jieoba jej^paepe- 
}^on hy jej^mjab habbaiS- 

6. -jiminum? IS. alaere? 



^epttsX him on jefunbum )^m- ait in sound condition, 

and then with their comrades 
Bold men have inborn sway. 
A king is desirous of power. 
Hateful is he who lays claim to 

dear he who proffers more. 
Pomp shall be with pride, 
the confident with the bold ; 
both shall quickly 
war promote. 

^ )^on nub ^eppum healba)?* 
cene men jecynbe jiice- 
cynmj hip anpealbej' jeojm. 
la's fe)?e lonbef mona'S* 

leof yepe majie beobeiS* 

pjijm fceal mib plenco* 

)^pi]t:e mib cenum- 

j'ceolun bu jiecene* 

beabpe ppemman* lo 

eojU fceal on eoj* boje* [90 a.] A chief shall ride on horseback ; 

eojiob fceal ^e^ume juban* a squadron shall ride in a body ; 

pBfte pep^ ftonban* a band of foot stand fast. 

pa&mne sec hype bopban ^epij^e'S* A damsel it beseems to be at her 

il rambling woman scatters words, 
she is often charged with faults, 
a man thinks of her with con- 
oft her cheek smites. [tempt. 

pib-jonjel pip popb jerppinjcS 
opt hy mon pommu bilihiS* 
hseleU by hofpe msena'S- 
opt hype hleop abpeote'S* 

fceomianbe man fceal m j^ceabe A bashful man shall walk in the 

pcip m leohte jepipeiS. ao 

honb fceal heopob m-pypcan* 
hopb m ptpeonum biban* 
jip-jTol jejieppeb j^tonban* 
hponne hme juman j^bselen* 
jijrpe bi}^ pe J?am jolbe onpeh'S* 

shade ; 
the pure is befitting the light. 
Thehead shall influence Me hand; 
the treasury await riches ; 
a present stand prepared, 
when men it bestow. 
Grasping is he who receives gold. 

Suma pB^Y on heah-]*etle jeneah* a man to whom, in a high sta- 
tion, is enough. [not lie) 

lean pceal pp pe leojan nellaiS< 
y& pe uf paf lipj'e jeteobe :• 

11. Lit on a hone's shouldor. 
IS. MS. ab|ieo>eIf. 

Recompense shall be (if we will 
to Him who us this favour has 

19. MS. pojiob. 15. sej-p/ien^eVf 

99. jextjieonum ? 




Fopjx fceal ppeofan- 

pyp pubu meltan* 

eojijw jjiopan. 

If bpycjian. 

psetep-helm pejan* 

pnnbjiu lucan* 

eoji^an cij^ap • 

an fceal inbmban* 

pojij-tep petpe- 

pela-meahti; ^ob* lo 

pinteji fceal ^^peoppan* 

pebep epc cuman* 

fumop ppejle-hat. 

punb unptiUe* 

beop beaba pae;* 

bypne htS lenjept holen. 

fceal in £616*8. 

yppe jebeleb* 

beabep monnep • 

bom bij? pelapfc. oo 

cymnj pceal mib ceape* 

cpene jebicjan- 

bunum ^ beapim* 

bu pceolon aepept- 

jeopum job pepan- 

ju'S pceal in eople* 

pij jepeaxan* 

T pip 5el?eon. 

lop mib hype leobum* 

leoht-mob pepan* 3o 

pune healban* 

4. bjiecan? 5. -holm? 

13. r. jrpejel- or jpejl-. 
17. for heelet^, for the lake of alliteration ; MS. aeleb. 


Frost shall freeze ; 

fire wood consume ; 

earth bring forth ; 

ice breaks 

the watery deep agitate, 

wonderously lock up 

the herbs of earth. 

One shall unbind 

frost's fetters, 

the much mighty Ood 

winter shall cast forth, 

fair weather agam shall come, 

summer with burning sky. 

T7ie sea is imstill ; 

deep the way of the dead. 

A secret shall be longest hidden. 

Shall among men 

the inheritance be divided 

of a dead man. 

Power is most excellent. 

^ king shall with cattle 

buy a queen, 

with cups and bracelets, 

both shall at first 

in gifts be bounteous. 

War shall in an ' eorl,' 

contest, grow, 

and his wife flourish, 

beloved with her people, 

be of cheerful mind, 

a secret hold ; 

8. unbmban? 9. petrjiu? 

15. pe^? 



[90 b.] 


pum-heojit beon- 

meajium ^ maJmiUKn* 

meobo-juebenne • 

foji jeji'S-maejen. 

rymle «;hp2eji. 


Kjiejt '^e^xetsoi' 

popman polle- 

to yjiesoi honb* 

picene ^ejiaecan* 

^ him ]idBb fivaxk' 


baem aet:-]*oinne* 

fcip j'ceal jenaejleb. 

fcylb sebunben- 

leobc bnben bopb* 

leof pil-cuma* 

Fjiyran pipe. 

ySn plota ft:anbeS* 

bi)^ hif oeol cumen* 

^ hype ceopl tx> ham* 

ajen mt-'^eofSL* 

;] heo hine inla^a)^- 

psBfce'S hif papi; hpaejl- 

3 him i^le]^ p89be mpe« 

hp hi on lonbe* 

}?»f hif lupi bjcbeiS- 

pip pceal ftp pep paepe jehealban 

ope hi mon pommum behkiS* 

pela bi*? paept-hybijpa. so 

pela htS pyppefc-jeopnpa. 

ppeoiS by ppembe monnan* 

}?6n pe ojwp peop jepifce)^. 

liba bi)> lonje on ]i)>e- 


he shall be munificent 

in horses and geldings^ 

in bestowing of mead, 

towards his friends, 

ever everywhere : 

tfie peasants him 

shdll earliest greet, 

full rent 

to their lord's hand 

forthwith present, 

and them consult, 

the mansion owners, 

both together. 

A ship shall be nailM ; 

a shield bound, 

the light linden board. 

Dear is the welcome guest 

to the Frisian wife, 

when the vessel stands, 

his ship is come, 

and her husband to home, 

her own provider, 

and she calls him in, 

washes his weedy garment, 

and to him gives new raiment ; 

*tis pleasant on land to him 

whom his love awaits. [hold ; 

Woman shall with man compact 

man often besets her with his 

many are firm -minded, [vices ; 

many are inquisitive, 

strange men court them^ 

when the other far departs. 

The sailor is long on his course. 

4. -msjum? 
27. bibatr? 

8. r. jpeo/iman or p eo|ime. 
z 2 

S2. lit food-giver. 
S9. behtf? 



a mon fceal fe-t^eah leopef penan -always ought a man nath*less to 

expect his friend^ 
^ebiban )^»f he ^ebaeban ne msej-to await what he cannot control ; 
hponne him ejrt ^ebype peop'Se* when it shall again be proper. 

he will come home if he be living 

in health, 
unless him the ocean tosses, 
the sea has him in its clutches. 
A maid is the delight of the eyes. 
A rich man his cattle, 
a king his dwelling then, 
with his people shall guard, 
when mariners come, 
wood and water use ; 
then to them is a dwelling granted. 

ha cyme's ^ip he hal leojia'S- 

nejine hun holm ;e)t;ype'S« 

mepe hajstiS munbum* 

m«jB eji'an pyn- 

ceap eabij mon* 

cynmj pic {yen* 

leobon cjrpeiS- lo 

{^onne h]^an cymeS- 

puba 3 paefcpej- nytca'8. 

)^n hun bi)^ pic alypeb* 

mece byje)^ jip he mapan J^eapp* Meat he buys, if he needs more, 

ere he becomes too faint, [eats, 
Sick will he be who too seldom 
though he be led into the sim, 
he may not be in the open air, 
though it be warm in summer ; 
he will be overcome ere he dies, 

jff he nat hpa hme cpicne pebe> if he knows not who wiU feed 

him living. 

msejenmonpcealmib mete peban* Strength a man must feed with 

mop)K)p imbep eop]^an bepeolan- murder bury under earth, [meat, 

hmbep unbep hpupan* [91 a.] down under ground. 

sep]H)n he tx) me]?e peop]^e* 
peoc pe bi|> }^e to pelban leteS. 
)^eah hme mon on punnan bebe* 
ne me; he be )^y pebpe pepan- 
l^ah hic py peapm on pumepa* 
opepcumen bi)> he eep he £cpele< 

]?e hic pophelan l^nceS- 
ne bi)^ |w& 2^bepe bea)^- 
]H)nne hifc jebypneb people's, 
hean pceal ^^hni^an* 
abli^e pjan. 
jiyhc popan* 


who seeks to conceal it ; 
that is not a seemly death, 
when it is kept secret. 
The humble shall bow ; 
the diseas'd sink ; 
justice accuse. 

6. Lit in hands. 7. e^na (eajena) f is. MS. alyjpeff. 

S8, S9. These lines have no alliteration. S9. MS. abl jej ijan. 
SO. Ohg. r6gjan, O.S. wr6^an ? 

16. r. ecetf. 



paBb bij? nycfcoj-fc. 

ypel unnyttojt;* 

^sdt unlaeb nimefi- 

jSb bi> jenje. 

•3 pij? job lenje* 

hyje fceal jehealben- 

honb jepealben* 

reo rceal in eajan. 

jTiyttpo in bjieoftum^ 

l^seji biiS y«y monnef • 


mu)^a jebpylc mete )>eapj:« 

mel fceolon cibum jonjan 

5olb jepife^. 

on piman fpeopbe* 

fellic pje-fceopp. 

pnc on q>ene« 

job fcop jumum* 

jap nij^pepum- 

pi J co-piJ?pe. 

pic ppeoj^a healban* 

fcylb pceal.cempan* 

fceajrt peapepe* 

fceal bpybe beaj* 

bee leopnepe* 

hupl haljum men. 

hse)^num pynne* 

poben pophte peop- 


pume pobepap • 

f If pice job- 

pylp po'S cynmj. 

papla nepjenb- 

pe up eal popjeap. 

Counsel is most useful ; 

evil most useless, 

that the unfortunate takes to. 

Good is current 

and lasting before God. 

The mind shall be modest, 

the hand powerful; 

sight shall be in the eyes, 

wisdom in the breast, 
10 where are man's 

mental thoughts. 

Every mouth reqldres meat; 

meals shall take place at times. 

Gold is fitting 

on a man's sword ; 

seemly a martial vest, 

jewels on a queen, 

a good poet for men, 

a weapon for enemies, 
20 war for an adversary, 

a house to hold peace. 

^ shield shall be for the soldier, 

a shaft for the robber ; 

a ring shall be for the bride, 

books for the learner, 

housel for the holy man, 

for the heathens sins. 

Woden wrought idols, 

the Glorious Almighty 
30 the spacious heavens, 

he is a powerful God, 

the true King himself. 

Preserver of souls, 

he gave us all 

S8. contr. for peohajr (peojaj ). 



YdRt pe onAiy:gBLp» 
^ ej-t aec )>am enbe- 
eallum pealbe'8- 
monna cynne* 
}^8Bt ip meotub pylpa :• 

on which we live, . 

and at the end again 

shall rule all 

the race of men ; 

that is the Creator himself. 

Rseb fceal mon pecjan* 

jiune pfutan* 

leap jepnjan* 

leojiep jeajmian* 

bom apeccan* lo 

baejej- onettan* 

til mon tilef • 

^ tx)mef meapef • 

cul^f T jecojtej*. 

3 calc-ponbef . 

nseni; pipa- 

to pela jeftpyneiS. 

pel mon pceal pme healban* 

on peja jehpylcum- 

ope mon pepeiS* ao 

peop bi tune* [91 6.] 

]^ep him pat ppeonb- 


pmeleap ponpseb; mon* 

jemme'S him pulpa]* to jepepan 

pela-psecne beop* 

pul opt hme pe ;epepa pliteiS* 

jpype pceal pop jpejjum* 

jpep beabuni men* 

hunjpe heope'S. 30 


Counsel shall a man utter^ 

runes write, 

songs singi 

praise merit, 

judgment declare, 

by day hasten, 

a good man on a good 

and tame horse, 

known and tried, 

and round of hoof. 

No man 

gains too much. 

Well shall a man hold a friend, 

in every way. 

Oft a man goes 

far about, 

where he knows a friend to be 

void of reproach. 

A friendless unhappy man 

takes wolves for his comrades, 

a much crafty beast, 

full oft the comrade tears him ; 


The grave for the dead man 

hungry shall groan ; 

9. r. lojcef. 



naley f heape bepmbe'S< 
ne hupu peel pepeiS* 
pulp pe 5ii»ja. 
mop)^0}i-qiealm maec^a- 
ac hit a majie piUe- 
ppseb pceal punben- 
ppacu heapbu men* 
bo^a pceal ptpaele* 
pceal bam ^ehc* 
mon to ^emaeccan* 
ma)^]^um oj^pep peep's. 
;olb mon pceal ppan* 
maej job pyllan* 
•abpim ffihte* 
^ ept mman* 
pele pceal ptx)nban. 
rylf ealbian. 
licjenbe beam- 
Isepept 2pope«. 
tpeo pceolon bpseban* 
^ tpeop peaxan* 
po jeonb bilpitpa* 
bpeopt apipeiS* 
psepleap mon* 
^ ponhybij. 
•3 unjefcpeop- 
]wp ne jymeiJ job. 
pela pceop meotub. 
jwp pe pypn jepeapS- 
het pi)^)>an. 
ppa pop's pepan. 
pepa jehp;flcu. 
piplicu popb jepipa'S. 

not with howl winds round it^ 

nor indeed death laments 

the gray wolf 

the mortality of men^ 

but ever wishes it greater. 

A bandage shall be for the wound- 
exile for a cruel man. [ed ; 

^ bow shall have a shaft. 

Shall alike to each^ 
10 consort to consort^ 

be the other's treasure. 

Gold a man shall give. 

God can impart 

wealth to the prosperous, 

and again {/ take. 

^ hall shall stand ; 

self grow old. 

A lying tree 

least grows. 
10 Trees shall spread i 

and faith increase, 

which through the gentles' 

bosom rises. 

A faithless man, 

and perverse, 


and untrue, 

for him God careth not. 

Much hath the Lord created 
30 of that which was of old, 

bade it thereafter 

so forth to be. 

To every man 

wise words are fitting ; 

6. better ppsetf. 

SO. tjieopu? 

3S. MS. psjia. 



^leomen jieb* 

^ juman pijttpo- 

f pa mom; heoip men ojzep eop]?an 

fpa hedp mob-2e]H)ncaf • 

elc him hajia'S jiinboji- 

fepn lonja'S* 

)?onne * * 

yy I»f )^e him con leoj^a pojin* 

op}^ mib honbutn con- 

heajipan ^petan* lo 

hajra)? him hif j^ifey pepe- 

ye him job pealbe. 

eajim bi)^ pel^e pceal- 

ana Lpjan* 

pmeleap punian- 

hayap him pyjib jeceob- 

betpe him psepe J^sec he bpoj^oji 

bejen hi anep monnep* 
eople eapopan psepan* [92 a.] 
jip hi fceolban eopop onjmnan* 
oype bejen bepan* 
bi|^ JwBC j'hjvhepbe beop* 
a fcyle J?a pmcap. 
jepseban Iseban* 
^ him KC-fomne ppepan- 


naeppe hy mon to * 

mon tx) mseiSle* 

» « * 

ep hy beats tobele- 

song to the gleeman, 

and to a man wisdom. 

So many 09 there are menon earthy 

so are the mind's thoughts ; 

each has to himself apart 

a desire of mind^ 

when * * 

unless he knows many songs, 

or with hands can 

greet the harp, 

has his gift of glee, 

which to him God hath given. 

Miserable is he who must 

live alone, 

friendless continue, 

fate has ordain 'd it to him ; 

better it were for him that he had 

a brother^ 
that they both of one man 
were the noble offspring, 
if they have to attack the wild boar, 
or both the bear, 
which is a ferocious beast : 
ever shall those men 
council hold, 

and together sleep, 

« * «■ 

* * * 

never them any one to * 

« * 4» 

ere them death separate. 

7. Here some words or lines are evidently wanting. 
82. r. -heajibe. 24. jejueb jueban f 

35-27. Here the want of context shows that some lines are omitted. 
27. mon CO seems an erroneous repetition. MS. mseble. 

19. eojilice? 



hy tpejen fceolon- These two shall 

caejde ymb ]*itt:an- at tables sit^ [glides away, 

]^enben him hyjia tojin txijkbe* while from them their sorrow 
fojipetant^ajia^eocpanjefceajite-forget the miserable world. 

habban him jomen on*bopbe 
ible honb* 
»mec lanje neah* 
tsejdef monnef • 
yon teofelii peojipeS* 
felban in fibum ceole* 
nepne he unbeji fe^le ypne* 
pepi; f ceal j-e yi^ pmbe pope}> 

pil opt mon peapnu rib's* 

eappie ^xt he elne popleofe* 

bpuja'S hif ap on bopbe* 

lot fceal mib lyppe- 

lift mib ^ebepum- 

Yy peopl^e^S pe ftan popftolen- 

have to them pastime on board. 
Idle is the hand, 
(long leisure nigh,) 
of the gamester ; 
but with the dice he throws 
10 seldom in the spacious ship, 
unless under sail he runs, 
^eary shall he be who rows 

against the wind. 
Full oft one with threats urges 
the slothful, so that he loses cou- 
draws his oar on board. [rage. 
Craft shall be with falsehood, 
art with things fitting. 
Therefore is the stone stolen. 

opt by popbum topeoppa'S 

ep by bacum tobpeben* 

* # * 

oft they by words o'erthrow, 
90 ere they 

* 4^ « 

jeapa ip hpep ap^* 
peapiS p8eh)^o pypa cynne< 
p)^)^an pupj^um fpeal;- 
eop'Se abelep blobe* 
nep pmt an-baeje ni'S* 
op yS, pjioht-bpopan- 
pibe jepppunjon. 
micel mon selbum* 
monepim ]^eobu. 
bealo-blonben m)>* 


Enmity has been among mankind, 
since that first swallowed 
earth Abel's blood ; 
that was no one-day evil, 
from which sin-drops 
widely sprung, 
great evil to mankind^ 
to many nations^ 
pernicious hate. 

4. r. >ajie. 18— SO. Here the want of context and alliteration shows the 

MS. to be very defective. 88. r. man. 30. Lit. bale-blended. 


floj hif bpo-fpaajTie. 
cam }?one cpealm nejiebe 
cu)> p8Bf pibe. 
p)>)>an f ece miS. 
8&lbum fcob. 
fpa a]H)l papum- 
bpu;on psepna ^epin- 
pibe jeonb eop]>au* 
ahojoban ^ ahypbon- 
beopo fht^eabne- 
jeapo fceal juiS-bopb. 
jap on ]'ceafte* 
ecj on f peopbe- 
anb opb fpepe* 
hyje heapbu men* 
helm fceal cenum* 
^ a ]^»)* heanan hyje* 
hopb unjmnoft :• 


[92 A.] 

Slew his own brother 

<]!ain^ urged on deatli. 

Known was widely, 

when that eternal evil 

mortals oyerwhelm'd, 

BO dire to men ; 

they endured the strife of arms 

widely throughout earth, 

devis'd and hardened 

the cleaving sword* 

Ready shall be the buckler, 

head on the shaft, 

edge on the sword, 

and point on the spear, 

for the intrepid man* 

^ helmet shall be for the bold ; 

and ever for the base in soul 

treasure most bounded. 


Pilt ]ni puf h»le* 
ppembne monnan* 
pipne po{$-bopan« 
popbum jpetan* 
ppicjan pela-jeonjne 
ymb fop'S-jepceapc. 
bibban pe jej-ecje- 
pbpa jepceapta* 
cpaept^ap cynbehce. 

Wilt thou, a ready wight, 
9Q a stranger man, 
a wise orator, 
by words address, 
ask a traveller much 
about the vast creation, 
desire that he tell thee 
of wide-spread creatures' 
the kindly powers 

1. CoDtr. for b|iotfo|i j-paejiie ? 8. nybbe ? 

10. fhrenbne? 11. Lit. war-board. 

6. atolpejium? 
33. -joii^enbne ? 


pBL ^ punb|ia jehpS* 

those that to each wonder 

]^ujih bom jobef bjiinje 
punb[ia pela* 
pejia cneojufjiim- 
If }mpa anpa ^ehpani* 
o]xgeate tacen- 
)^am )^uph pifb6m* 
populb ealle con* 
behabban on bpej^e- 
hycjenbe mon* 
]^8et ;;eapa m- 
jhpep cjuepte* 
mib pebbmpim* 
juman opt ppecan* 
juncap ji«bp»pte« 
cvipou [uhc pppecan* 
^iBt a ppicjenbe* 
pipa cynnep. 
T pecjenbe. 
peapo-puna ^eppon* 
a 2®inynbj6* 
msepc monna pipton* 
pop]K>n pcyle apcian* 
pet^e on elne leopaiS* 
beop-hybi; mon- 
*^^®^P* jepceapfca- 
beppican in jepicte. 
popb-hojibep cpsept* 
pseptnian pepiS^pepan* 
J^encan pop« teala. 
ne pceal yxy a^peotan* 

through doom of Ood may bring 

wonders many 

to the tribes of men. 

There is to each of these 

a sign inteUigent 

to Mm, who, through wisdom, 

can the world all 

in mind embrace^ 
10 an inquiring man, 

what of yore, 

by art of song, 

with their lays, 

men oft related, 

sagacious persons ; 

they could rightly speak, 

so that ever inquiring, 

of the race of men, 

and saying, 
90 of the web of mysteries 

ever mindful, 

most of all men they knew ; 

therefore shall ask 

he who nobly lives, 

the meditative man, 

of the mysterious creations, 

write down in his intellect 

the word-hoard's craft, 

fix it in his mind, 
30 think on justly ; 

it therefore should not irk 

1 . The want both of connexion in the sense and of alliteration proves that 
some lines are wanting in this place. 

18. This line is in conneidon with 1. S2. 27. MS. beppiten. 



l^e^n mobijne- 

f he pifhce« 

populb pJ-jonje. 

leojina )^af lape- 

ic ye lun;;pe fceal* 

meotubef maejen-ppeb- 

majian jefecjan* 

ySn }?u hyje cpaejxij* 

m hjiefyjie mseje* 

mobe ^ejjupan- 

If pm meahc jioji fpi]'* 

nif f monnef ^emet- 


past he mae^e in hpe];pe- 

hif heah jepeopc* 

Fup|H)p arpypjen. 

ydn him ppea fylle* 

to onpetanne* 

jobef a;en bibob* [93 a.] 

ac pe pculon |K>ncian- 

{^eobne mepum- 

apa CO ealbpe* 

J^aep Jw uf pe eca cynmj. 

on ^septe plite- 

popjiepan pille- 

f pe ea'Se majon- 

upcunb pice* 


jif up on peplSe ^eneah- 

^ pe pillaiS healban* 

heopon-cyninjep bibob* 

jehyp nu piy hepe-jpel- 

;] )nnne hy^e jepeptna* 

hpset ppymt^e jepoop* 

ps&bep selraibti;* 

heah hopbep peapb* 



an energetic man, 

that he wisely 

Ike world perfect. 

Learn this lore : 

I shall to thee forthwith 

the Creator's power 

yast relate, 

then thou, of mind sagacious, 

in thy breast it may, 

in thy mind, grasp, 

if thy power be very great. 

It is not of man's limit, 

of those moving on earth, 

that in mind he may 

His lofty work 

further investigate, 

than the Lord enables him 

to understand, 

Ood's own command ; 

but we have to thank 

the great Lord, 

to all eternity, 

that us th' eternal King 

on our soul perception 

will bestow, 

that we may easily 

to the realm on high 


if in our soul we be not wanting, 

and we will keep 

heaven's King's behest. 

Hear now this noble lay, 

and thy mind confirm : 

Lo ! at the beginning form'd 

the Almighty Father, 

the high Treasure- Ward, 


heofon ^ eoji'San • 
faef pbne jpunb. 
fpeotule jej'ceapce. 
]^ nu m ]^ain J^peam* 
^yuph )7eobne]* honb* 
hea]^ ^ hebba]>* 
l^one haljan blaeb* 
}:op]H>n ealfpa t:eoFanabe- 
fe)?e ceala cuj^e* 
©jhpylc pi)> oj^pu. 
fceolbon eal bepan* 
fCi)?e ffcepi-bypb. 
fpa him ye pteopa bibeab 
mijyenLce ^emecu* 
];uph ]^a miclan jemynb* 
fpa hi to populbe* 
pLce Fop]>-bepa'8* 
bpyhtnep bupi]^* 
;j hif baeba }>py. 
lixenbe lop* 
m y^L Ionian tib. 
ppemma]^ jaepthce* 
jqiean ece popb- 
m )>am ppum-ptole* 
)?e him fpea fecte* 
hluttx)p heofonep peapb* 
healbaiS jeopne* 
mepe ^emaepe- 
meahc p>p%-cih%« 
heofon-conbelle • 
;] holmap mib- 
la)^ai$ ^ la&be)^- 
bfef ajenb* 
ID hif anep pe)^m* 
ealle 2efcea}t;a* 

4. tbb world? 

heaven and earth, 

the sea's wide abyss, 

the visible creation, 

which now in those afflictions, 

through the Lord's hand, 

raise and lift 

the holy fruit ; 

for so hath associated 

he who well could 
10 each with other ; 

they should all bear 

the firm behest, 

as them the Director bade, 

their various modes, 

through the great mind : 

so they to the world 

beauty bring forth, 

through the Lord's goodness, 

and his deeds' grandeur, 
90 bright praise, 

in long time ; 

they execute steadfastly 

the Lord's eternal word, 

in that pristine seat, 

which the Lord for them placed. 

Heaven's bright Guardian 

holdeth carefully 

the boundary of ocean, 

his might draweth forth 
30 heaven's candle, 

and with it the seas 

calleth and leadeih 

the Lord of life ; 

into his single clasp 

all creatures ; 

7. MS. halje. 20. r. lixenbtie. 



fpa him pibe peph* 

pulbop ftonbe)^* 

ealpa bemeDa* 

)>am jebefeftan* 

ye uf Jnf lip jepcop. 

T J?if leohte beophfc. 

cyme's moppia ^ehpa* 

opep mift-hleolm- 

paban opep paejap. 

punbpu jejieppeb- 

^ mib sep-beje* 

eaptan pnopcS- 

plitij •] p^npum. 

pepa cneopippii- 

bp^enbpa jehpam* [93 £.] 

leoht pop%-bepe%* 

bponba beopbtopt. 

^ hip bpucan mot> 

aejhpylc on eopj^an* 

^e him eapia jephS* 

p^opa PC'S cymnj. 

]7llan polbe* 

jepte'S ]?on mib ]^ pulbpe- 

on pept pobop- 

pop's msepe tun^ol* 

papan on heape« 

oyp^t on sepenne* 

* * ut. 

jappecjep ^unbap ps^J^eS* 

jlom 6)?ep cijB. 

nihc septep cyme's. 

healbeS nyb-bibob* 

haljan bpybcnej*. 



80 through all time his 

glory standeth^ 

of all judges 

the most benevolent, 

who for us this life created. 

And this light brightness 

Cometh each morn, 

over the misty hills, 

wading o'er the waves, 

wonderously appointed, 

and with early dawn, 

from the east cometh, 

fair and winsome, 

to the tribes of men ; 

to each one living 

beareth forth light, 

brightest of brands ! 

and it may enjoy 

each one on earth, 

to whom eyesight 

the just Eang of triumphs 

would give. 

Departs then with its glory, 

into the western sky, 

forth the great star, 

in a body going, 

until at eve 

# * # 

the depths of ocean traverses. 
Gloom calleth other ; 
night after cometh, 
holdeth the mandate 
of the holy Lord. 

12. r. fneopeff. 16. MS. jrojit$bie|ieV. 

28. Here is evidently something wanting, though the MS. has no hiatus. 




heopon-tojihc fp^'* 

fciji jefcynbe^J- 

in jefceajit jobef • 

unbep jiolban pe|ym« 

papenbe uunjol* 

pojit^on naeni; ppA* 

}>aBf pjiob leofsX* 

)^8ec hif meje se-fppinje* 

)^uph hif aepie fpeb pite'S- 

hu ^eonb 2punb pejte^* 

2olb-tojiht funne* 

in ^mt ponne ^euip* 

unbep psetjia sefyjun;* 

oype hpa ymy leohtep • 


bpucan mote* 

f i]>)^an heo opeji bjum hpeoppe'S 

pop]>OD fpa teopenebe* 

fepe teala cu^e* 

bae; pi)^ nihte* 9o 

beop PI'S hean* 

lyp: PI'S lapi-ftpeam* 

lonb pi}? paeje- 

plob PI'S ):lobe* 

pfc PI'S y)^um- 

ne pacia'S ]^af jepeopc- 

ac he pel healbeiS* 

jtonbe'S rti"Slice. 

beptpyj^eb paej'Ce. 

nudum meaht-locum* ao 

m lyam maejen-l^pym* 

mib ]^am py ahepeb* 

heopon ;] eop];e* 

bee's |?6n eabje. 

)^a yxji m-puma'S* 

1. r. Ti%e\, 


Tfie heayen-bright sun, 

clear, hasteneth^ 

by God's decree, 

under earth's bosom, 

a journeymg star ; 

for no mortal 

so wise liveth, 

that may its source, 

through his own power know, 

how oyer earth rideth 

the gold-bright sun, 

into that dusk obscurity, 

under the throng of waters, 

or who that light, 

what habitants of earth, 

may enjoy, 

when he o'er ocean goeth ; 

for so hath associated 

he who well could, 

day with night, 

deep with low, 

air with water-stream, 

land with waye, 

flood with flood, 

fish with billows. 

These works impair not, 

but are well sustained, 

stand stoutly, 

firmly erected, 

by vast powerful defences, 

in that grandeur, 

with which is rais'd 

heaven and earth : 

they shall be happy then, 

who there uihabit. 

piran? 27. hi? 




hyhfckc If ]7et heoji'S-pejiub* 

}?a&c If heji^a mseft* 

eabijjta unjum* 

en^la {^jieataf • 

hy jefeoiS fymle- 

hypa fylfpa cyninj- 

eajum onpktaiS- 

habbaS sjhpaaf jenoh* 

nif him pihte pon* [94 a.] 

}?ain J?e pulbpep cyninj. 

jefeoj? in fpejle^ 

him If jymbel 3 bpeam« 

ece unhpylen- 

eab^um to frpofpe* 

fOji)H)n fcyle mon jehycjan* 

J^aec he meocube hype. 

sejhpylc a&lba beapna- 

foplaete ible luftaf • 

laene hpej* pynne- 

pmibije him to hffa bbffe* 90 

f oplaete * * 

hete-m)7a ^ehpone* 

pjan mib pyiina fypnum^ 

fepe him to )>am felpan pice :• 

Joyful is that earthly company^ 

that of hosts is greatest^ 

blessed unnumber'd^ 

bands of angels : 

they see ever 

their own King^ 

with eyes behold himy 

have of each thing abundance^ 

nought to them is lacking, 

to those who glory's King 

see in heaven ; 

their's is feast and joy, 

ever, eternal, 

in solace to the bless'd ; 

therefore ought man to strive 

his Creator to obey, 

every child of men 

to forsake vain lusts, 

fading joys of life, 

strive for the bliss of grace, 

lay aside * * 

every malignant enmity, 

decline from sinful crimes, 

go to the better realm. 


Me lipef onlah- 
fe ]?if leoht onppah 
*5 ^ tophte jeteoh. 
tillice onppah* 
jlaeb paej' ic jbpum* 

jlenjeb hipum* 
bhffa bleoum- 
bloftma hipum. 
Secjaf mec fejon. 
fymbel ne alejon- 


1. MS. eojitf. 

91. A word or two apparently wanting. 



peojih-jiefe jepejon- 

pjiaetpeb-psejum • 

pic opeji ponjum- 

pennan ^onpirn* 

lif]*e mib Ionium* 

leoma j^tonjum* 

]?a paep pseptmum apeahc«> 

poplb onppjieht* 

unbeji pobejiu apeaht* 

jtaeb maejne opep*)^ahc* lo 

jieptap jenjbon. 

jeppcype menjbon* 

lij'j'e lenjbon* 

luftum jl^njbon^ 

j'cjiipen pcjiab jlab* 

}?ujih "geYcab inbjiab« 

psep on lajju-ptjieame lab« 

^iBji me leoj^u ne bi*;lab- 

faaepbe ic heanne bab* 

ne peep me m healle jab- 20 

J^aefc J^aeji jiop pojib pSb- 

opt )78ep ]\mc jebab* 

f he m pele j'aeje* 


f ejnu jejj^hte. 

]7enben pa&j' ic maejen* 

hojipce mec hejiebon^ 

hilbe jenepebon- 

psejjie pepebon* 

peonbon bipepebon* ao 

j-pa mec hyhc-jiepu heolb*[94£ 

byje bjiyht bepeolb- 

ytsHpol shtum ptealb* 

pcepe-j^onjum peolb- 
ppylce eojij^e ol« 
ahce ic ealboji-jtol* 
jalboji-popbum jol- 
jomel pibbe ne op oil* 
ac p»p jepejt jeaji* 
jellenbe pneji. 
punienbo p£ji« 
pil-^bec bepcaftji. 
pcealcap paejion pceappe^ 
pcyl paep heappe« 
hlube hlynebe^ 
hleoj^op bynebe* 
jT^ejl-pSb j*pinpabe« 
fpi^e ne minpabe* 
bupj-pele beopobe^ 
beopht hhpabe^ 
ellen eacnabe* 
eab beacnabe* 
ppeaum ppobabe* 
ppomum jobabe^ 
mob m»;nabe. 
mme paepiabe* 
cpeop celjabe* 
Cfp peljabe- 
blaeb bhppabe* 

;olb jeappabe^ 
pm hpeappabe* 
pmc peappabe* 
.]pb neappabe. 
Fpom ic psep in ppa^tptU 
ppeokc in jeacpum* 




1 2. Apparently acoutraction of jepejircype, for th« sake of rhythm and alliteratimi% 
26. ms^en seems to be the first word of a compoMud, possibly in»sen--]»yhri{% 
^3. MS. in in« 

St A 



psef mui bpea bjiyhthc* 
biiohtaiS hyhtlic* 
polban ic ppeof^obe* 
folcu ic leojwbe- 
Itj: paer mm lonjc 
leobum m-jemonjje* 
tifiu jeconje. 
teala jehonje* 
nu mm h|ie]^]i if hpeoh 
heop fi]mm pceoh* 
nyb-byfjum neah* 
jepiteS nihtep m jileah* 
ye «p in baeje paep bype< 
fcjiiJ^eiS nu beop peoji* 
bponb-hojib j^blopen* 
bjieoptum m pop^open* 
):lyht;um co-plopen* 
jdah If j^blopen* 
miclum in ;;emynbe* 
mobef jecynbe. 
jpece"® unjpynbe* 
jpopn epen pynbe* 
bealo pup bypneiS- 
bifccpe to-ypneiS. 
pepij pmneiS. 
pib-p^ onjinne"8« 
fap ne pnm]?* 
fopjum cmmS- 
bl»b hif blmni'S« 
bliffe buna's* 
lijtrS linnet- 

lufcmn ne tmne'S* [95 a.] 

bpeamaf fpa hep jebpeoj'aS- 

bpihtpcype jehpeopaiS* 

lip hep men pepleopa'B. 

leahcpap ope jeceopaiS. 

cpeop l^paj ij' to tpaj* 

peo unqiume 2^na;* 

pceapum eatole mipj^ah- 

onb eal pcunb ;ena;« 40 

10 YVSL nu poplb penbe]?* 

pypbe j'enbej^. 

anb hecep hente'S* 

b8ele]?e pcynbe"8- 

pen-cyn jepice"8. 

pael-jap phfceiS. 

plah mah phte)?- 

plan mon hpice^* 

bupj jx)p5 biceiS. 

balb alb )>pice)>* so 

90 ppsec paec ppil^alS- 

ppaj? vX pmire}?- 

pm 3pynb pba«. 

pecpa peapo jhbej?. 

jpom iDopn jpsape]?* 

Spiept hapa«. 

peapo hpic pola)?* 

pumup-hat cola^* 

polb-pela pealleiS* 

peonbpcipe pealleiS • eo 

ao eop%-mae;en ealba)?* 

ellen cola's* 

4. Probably an. error for leoj:<^be. 10. Isl. skau, askew? 

12. Instead of pleam, for the sake of the rime? 

13. The rime requires beoji, for which bype is apparently a mistake. 
28. For cenfSf to rime with xinnitJ? 99. For blini^? 

45. For pin-cyn? 48. for h;.ere« ? 




me J>8Bfc pyjib jepse):* 

"3 S^hpypt poji jeaj.% 

^ ic jjiope jjMBj:. 

1 l>»c jijumme jjisep. 

jJean plasfce ne me;* 

]Fdn plan hpeb baej* 

nyb ^papuin mtne)i* 

)^o feo neah becyme'S* 

feo me e'Slef onfonn- 

3 mec heji heajibef on conn* lo 

]H>nne lic-homa li^e^- 

lima pyjim fjute)?* 

ac him pen ne jepijeiS* 

o)7]?8et beo]? ]?a ban an* 

* » * 

3 set nyh)t:an nan- 
nefne fe neba tan* 

balapun hep ;ehlotene« 
ne bi]^ fe hlij^a abjiojien* 
aeji J^aefc eabi; jej?ence^. 
he hme ^e Ofcoji fpence^* 
bypjeS him J^a bicpan f ynne^ 
hoja)? to ]^8spe betpan pynne 
jemon mop|?a hfre. 
hep )*inbon miltfa blijye- 
hyhtlice m heopna pice* 
uton nu haljum ^ehce* 
fcylbum bifcJTiebe^ 
fcynban jenepebe* 
pommum bipepebe* 
pulbpe jenepebe. 
j^aep mon-cyn mot* 
fop meotube pot* 
j'oiSne job jefeon* 
"3 aa m pbbe jepean :• 


[95 b.] 


Monje pnbon* 

Many there are 

jeonb mibban-jeapb* 

over mid-earth) 

unpimu cynn* 

numberless kinds^ 

^e pe «ipe\u ne majon* 

whose natures we may not 

pyhc apeccan* 

40 rightly recount^ 

ne pun piran* 

nor number know; 

J78BJ' pibe j'lnb* 

so ample are. 

jeonb popl mnan* 

throughout the world, 

43. r. pojilbe. 

2a 2 



pu^Ia 3 beopa* 
f olb-hpepenbpa • 
pojinaf pib-fceope* 
j'pa paefceji bibuje'B. 
J^ipie beojihtan bo]*m* 
bpim 2pyine^nbe« 
realc-yj?a jej-piiij. 
We bi pimum bypbon 
ppaatlice jecynb- 
pilbpa pecjan. 
ppum ppea-msepne* 
peop-lonbum on* 
eapb peapbian- 
e'Slep neotan* 
aeptep bfin-pcpaepum* 
ip )?8Bfc beop panbhep* 
bi noman hateo* 
)7»p ye m)>)>a beapn* 
pij^paepte pepap* 
on jcppitnim cy]7an* 
bi yarn ^ptapan- 
]*e ip aethpam ppeonb- 
bujuiSa ejtij. 
butan bpacan anum* 
'pam he m ealle tib* 
^ppaiS leopa]i« 
)?uph ypla jehpylc 
ye he jesepnan msej* 
"Sset ip ppsethc beop* 
punbpum pcyne* 
hipa jehpylcep* 
ppa haslet pecjaiS* 
jaept-halje piman* 
pddtze lopephep. 

of birds and beasts^ 


the wide-created multitudes, 

as the water encircles 

this bright expanse, 

the roaring ocean, 

the salt waves' swing. 

We have heard of a certain 

curious kind 
10 of wild beasts tell; 

to its comrades a great lord, 

in distant lands 


a home enjoying 

amtmg the mountain-caves ; 

that beast is Panther 

caird by name, 

from what the sons of mortals, 

sagacious men, 
90 in writings show 

touching that lonely creature, 

which is to each a friend, 

bounteous in benefits, 

save to the serpent only, 

to which he in all time 

hostile lives, 

by every evil 

that he can inflict. 

That is a curious beast, 
30 wonderously beautiful, 

of every hue, 

such men tell, 

persons of holy spirit, 

that Joseph's 

3. -jceapenef 

9. r. ^ecynbe. 

11. jrepum? 

18. MS. beajib. 



tunece psejie. 

tel^a jehp^lcef • 

bleom bpejbenbe* 

J?apa beojihcpa jehpylc. 

aejhpaef aenkcjia- 

o)>}ium lixte* 

bpyhta beaj\nu* 

fpa )wp beopep hip* 

blaec bjiijba jehpa&p. 

beophtpa ^ pcynpa- 

punbjium luce's* 

fze pjiaedicjia* 

sejhpylc o)?jium. 


T paBjejipa. 

):ji8etpum Mice's. 

pymle pellicpa- 

he hapa% punbop jecynb 

milbe jemetpaejt. 

he ip monfpaepe. 

luppum •] leopc»l« 

nele lajwp pihc- 

aenpim jeaepnan^ 

but;an }>ain atrop-pcea]ian 

hip pypn jephcan. 

J7e ic sep pope-psBjbe. 

pymle pylle paejen. 

]?on pobbop fiseS. 

septep J^ jepeopbu- 

paepte peceS. 

byjle ptope. 

unbep bun-pcpapum. 

Saep j'e J^eob-pija- 

J^peo nihca psec- 



[96 a.] 


tunic was, 

of every tinge^ 

in colours varying, 

of which each more bright^ 

each more exquisite^ 

than other shone 

to the sons of men. 

Thus this beast's hue^ 

pale, of every change, 

brighter and fairer, 

wonderously shines ; 

80 that more curious 

than every other, 

yet more unique, 

and fairer, 

it exquisitely glistens, 

ever more excellent. 

He has a singular nature, 

mild, moderate ; 

he is gentle, 

kind and gracious ; 

he will not aught of harm 

to any perpetrate, 

save to th' envenomM spoiler^ 

his enemy of old, 

which, I before related, 

ever is in slaughter joyful. 

When he food tastes, 

after the repast 

he seeks for rest, 

a secret place 

among the mountain-caves ; 

there the noble creature 

a three nights* space 

23. MS. sesmim. 

33. MS. >eot$-pi2a. Lit. beUator publicus. 



fpepeS on jTejiote- 
)*l»pe jebiej-jab. 
}wn ellen-jio}:- 
J^pfme sepeljab. 
on ]?one ]^ibban bae;- 
pieome of flaepe* 
fpej-hleojFop cymcS- 
pojw pynjumajr^ 
Jujih Jwj' pilbjiej* mu*. 
»}.teji JTSBjie ftefne* 
ftenc ut-cymeS* 
oj: J^am ponj-jtebe* 
pynpumpa pteam* 
ppetqia ^ rpi}^a- 
ppaecca jehpylcu- 
pypta bloftmum- 
^ pubu-Uebum* 
eallum 8e}>eliqia» 
eop)>an jrpaetpa* 
Jwn op ceajtpum* 
•] cyne-jtolum* 
'J op bup^-palum* 
beopn-]ipeac mom;* 
papa's polb-pejum* 
polca |;py)>um» 
opepcum jepyjiJe. 
beop epne ppa pome* 
aeptep J^aepe pcepne. 
on ]?one jrenc papa's. 
Spa ij* bpybten job* 
bpeama paebenb* 

is in slumber dormant, 

with sleep o'ercome. * 

When the bold animal 

rises up, 

gloriously endow'd^ 

on the third day^ 

suddenly from sleep^ 

a sound comes, 

of voices sweetest, 
10 through the wild-beast's mouth ; 

after the voice 

an odour comes out 

from the plain, 

a steam more grateful, 

sweeter and stronger 

than every perfume, 

than blooms of plants, 

and forest leaves, 

nobler than all 
20 earth's ornaments. 

When from cities, 

and royal seats, 

and from castlc-halls, 

many a baud of nobles, 

on earth's ways journey, 

in bands of people, 

legionary troops, 

hurried with utmost haste, 

30 just so this beast, 

after the voice, 

in that odour goes. 

So is the Lord God, 

Prince of joys, 

1. MS. xj»i):ctf. 9. MS. jebiei^a^. 5. MS. ^ej^eljaV. lo, for j^ilbeofie/ ? 



eallu ea'Smebum* 
o)>pum -^eyceBftum* 
bujuVa jehpylcpe- 
butan bpacan anum- 
attjief opb-]qiuman* 
J^aec If fe ealba peonb* 
]^one he ^epelbe* 
in pifla ^unb* 
T jepefcjiabe- 
jzypnum teapun* 
bi)^ahte ]ipea-nybum« 
3 Py fpibban baeje- 
op bijle ajiap • 
]wf ]?e he beaiS pope uy 
]?peo niht )7olabe« 
)?eoben enjla* 
pjopa ]*ellenb« 
j7Kfc paef fpece-jt:enc* 
phti; 3 pynfum- 
jeoub populb ealle* 
p)7]?an to ]?am ppsecce- 
roSpepce men- 
on healjia ^ehpone* 
heapum J^punjon* 
^eonb ealne ymb-hpyppc 
eop)?an pceatan* 
j7a pe pnoccpa jecpae^S. 
8cs paiiluf • 
moni^pealbe pnb* * 
jeonb mibban-^eapb* 
job unjnybe- 
|?e up to pepe bseleS* 
;j fco peoph-nepe» 
psebep aelmihtij* 


[96 A.] 



with all kindness 

to other creatures^ 

to every thing of virtue, 

save to the serpent only, 

the origin of venom, 

that is the ancient fiend, 

whom he bound 

in th' abyss of torments, 

and fetter'd 

with fiery shackles, 

o'erwhelm'd by dire constraints, 

and the third day 

from darkness rose, 

after that he death for us 

three nights had sufier'd, 

the Lord of angels. 

Giver of victories. 

That was a sweet odour, 

beauteous and pleasant, 

through the world all, 

when to that fragrance, 

upright men, 

on every side, 

throng'd in bodies, 

o'er all the circuit 

of earth's region. 

As the sage said. 

Saint Paul. 

Manifold are, 

over mid-earth, 

goods abundant, 

which to us in gift distributes, 

and for life's preservation, 

the Almighty Father, 

21. MS. rpicce. 

29. MS. mom 2 jealbe. 

31. unxneVe? 



^ ye anja hyhc. 
ealpa jejxeajrta* 
uppe je DiJ^iie- 

and the only Hope 
of all creatures^ 
both high and low : — 
That is a noble fragrance. 


Nu ic ptte jen- 

ymb pfca cynn* 

pille poiS-cjieejrce- 

popbum cy]?an« 

^}ih mob-jemynb* 

b] ]?am nuclan hpale* 

pe bi'B unpiUu* . 

oj* jemeceb* 

pjiecne ^ pep'S-jpiin* 


my^di jehpylcum* 

^am ip noma cenneb- 

pypn-]Tpeatna jeflotan- 


ip l^aep hip jehc* 

hpeopum jrane* • 

J7?ylce pojue- 

bi p«bep oppe* 

ponb-beoppim ymb-pealb- 

pae-pyjuca maejt:. 

ppa Jwc fena^' 


)?aet hy on ealonb jiim* 

eajum phten* 



Now again I sing 

about the fishes' kind ; 

I will in poetry^ 

by words^ make known, 

through the understanding, 

concerning the great Whalk, 

which is unwillingly 

often met, 

cruel and fierce 

to seafarers ; 

to every mortal^ 

to which the name is given, 

to the ocean-floater, 


Like is its aspect 

to a rough stone, 

it, as it were, roves 

by the sea-shore, 

by sand-hills surrounded^ 

of sea-aits greatest : 

so that imagine 


that on some island they 

gaze with their eyes. 

14. Lit to thoBe sporting on the billows. 

24. Lit. arundinetoTum marinorum maximum. 

17. jpipjen-? 



jl l>on jehybaiS- 
heah-pcejrn-jxipu • 
to ]>am finlonbe* 
jefclaj? f»-ineajia]'» 
pinbef aec enbe- 
•J y6n m ]?8efc ejlonb. 
ceolaf jTonba?* 
bi jTa);e jaefte. 
jt:jieame bipunben* 
ySn jepiciaV* 
j:j\eciief ne penaiS- 
on ]?a ealonbe- 
aeleb pecca'S- 
heah ):yp sele'S* 
hsele)? beo)> on pynnu 
pKjre jelipte. 
J>6n jejieleiS. 
facnep cpaej^ij. 
^ him )^ ):eiienb on* 
yaB]Xe puma]?* 
pic peapbia'S* 
pebpej' oniujxe. 
}K>n pemnm^a* 
on pealtne pas;* 
mib )7a uoj'e* 
Sappecxep jaepc. 
jipunb jepeccS. 

and then fasten 

the high-prow'd ships 

to that false land 
with anchor-ropes, 

settle their sea-horses 

at the sea's end^ 

and then on to that island 


bold of spirit : 
10 the vessels stand 

fast by the shore, 

by the stream encircled : 

then encamp, 

weary in mind, 

the seafarers, 

{they of peril dream not) 

on that island ; 

they waken flame, 

a high fire kindle ; 
a> the men are joyful, 

the sad in spirit 
[97 a*] of rest desirous. 

When feels 

the skiird in guiie, 

that on him the voyagers 

firmly rest^ 

habitation hold, 

in the weather exulting, 

then suddenly 
30 into the salt wave, 

with the bark, 

down goes 

the ocean's guest^ 

seeks the abyss, 

1. jehytfatf? 

31. O. N. giioiy. 



3 )wn m beaiS-j-ele. 
bpence bipaej-ceiJ- 
f cipu mib f cealcu. 
Spa bi'S fcinna )7eap* 
beofia pipe- 
]?aet hi bpohtenbe* 
Jruph bypne meahc* 
bujuiJe beppica?. 
3 on teopu CyhtaJ?. 
cilpa baeba* 
pema'S on pillan • 
f hy ppa)>e pecen* 
ppoppe to peonbum- 
ofj^aec hy paejre B«p. 
set ]>am paep-Iojan • 
pic jeceopa'S. 
]?on ]?8et; jecnape'S* 
op cpic-puple. 
plah-peonb jemah* 
J^aecte ppa jehpylc^ 
h»le)7a cynnep. 
on hip hpmje hip* 
paepte jepejeb- 
he him peop^-bona* 
]?uph plij^n peapo- 
p)?J>an peopjTC'B. 
ploncum ^ heanu* 
)7e hip pillan hep* 
pipenum ppemma«. 
inib )>am he paepmja* 
heolo|>-helme bi)>eaht' 
helle peceiS- 
joba jeajTie. 
jpunbleapie pylm* 

and then^ m the hall of death, 

to the flood commits 

ship with men. 

So is the way of phantoms, 

the guise of devils, 

that they by converse, 

through secret power, 

deceive the virtuous, 

and to prejudice excite 
10 of good deeds, 

them corrupt at pleasure, 

so that they seek support, 

comfort, from fiends, 

till that they fast there 

with the deceiver 

their habitation choose. 

When that knows, 

from quick torment, 

the impious archer-fiend, 
90 that any man 

of human race 

is within his circle 

fast fixed, 

he to him a life- destroyer, 

through pernicious artifice, 

then becomes, 

to proud and humble, 

who his will here 

by sins promote, 
30 with whom he suddenly, 

with warrior-helm bedecked, 

hell seeks, 

(from good cut off,) 

groundless fire. 

3u J-Cip 

6. r. ^jiohtienbe. 




unbep mijT-jlome* 
yya, ye micla hpael* 
fej?e bij*eDce%* 

eoplaj' ^ yiJ-meapaf . 

he hhysiV o}ipe jecynb^ 

pseteji-]?!]^ plonc* 

ppaechcjian j^en- 

)7on bine on holme* 

hunjop byj-ja^. 

;] )7one a^laecan* 

aefcef lyftej?. 

Donne j'e mepe-peapb- 

Din's ontyneiS* 

pibe pelepaf* 

cyme« pynfum jtenc 

Of hi)* iniio]?e* 

fte o}?pe )mph ]>one* 

pae-pj'ca cynn- 

be)*picen peopiSa)^* 

)7imma« pio^hpate. 

J^aep )-e ppefca fcenc- 


hi ]?8ep m-):apa%» 

unpape peopube- [97 A.] 

o)>}^c pe piba ceaj:!* 

jepylleb bi^5. 

)^n paepinja* 

ymbe J^a hepe-bujw. 

hlemmeS to-jaebpe- 

jpimme joman* 

j*pa bi]7 ^umeua ^ehpam* 

pej^e optojt hip. 




amid misty gloom. 

So the great whale 

that sinks 


men and ships. 

He has another property^ 

the water-rager proud^ 

yet more cunning : 

when him in the sea 

hunger afflicts^ 

and the wretch 

lusts after food^ 

then the ocean -ward 

his mouth opens^ 

his wide lips, 

a pleasant odour comes 

from his inside^ 

so that thereby other 

kinds of sea-fishes 

are deceived ; 

eager they swim to 

where the sweet odour 

cometh out : 

they there enter 

in heedless shoal, 

till that the wide jaw 

is filled : 

then suddenly 

around the prey 

together crash 

the grim gums* 

So is to every man 

who oftenest 


5, Lit. wave-horses. 

21. Lit. alacres in marc. 



on ^ay Isenaii cib- 
lip befceapa'S* 
laeteS hme bej-picaii* 
]?ujih fpefcne jrenc* 
leapie pillan* 
)78e& he bi)> leahtpu ph 
piS pulboji-cyninj. 
him ye apypsba on^ean 
epteji hin-p)?e. 
helle ontyne'S- 
}?am J^e leaphce. 
hcef pynne- 
opeji pejihc-jejieaht. 
ppemebon on unp^* 
]ion fe ]:»cna* 
in )^am paeftenne* 
jebjioht hapa'S* 
bealpep cjiaepcij. 
aec |>am ebpylme- 
]?a ]?e him oncleopia^* 
5ylcum jehjiobene. 
^ «ji jeojine hij'. 
in hipa hf-ba^uni* 
lapum hypbon* 
]?on he ya, ^imman* 
joman bihlemmeiS* 
esfceji peoph-cpale. 
jiaefte to-jsebpe* 
helle hlm-bupu na^on • 
hpypjzt ne j'pice. 

)>a ]?8ep m-cumaiS* 
);on ma )7e )>a pfcaj*- 




in this transient time 

his life surveys^ 

lets himself be deceiv'd 

through sweet odour^ 

fallacious will : 

so that he is foul with crimes 

against the King of glory. 

To him the accursed one, 

after departure hence, 

hell shall open, 

who fallaciously 

the body's pleasure, 

over the soul's direction, 

in foolishness promoted. 

When the beguiler 

into that fastness 

hath brought, 

(in evil crafty) 

to that burning heat, 

those who to him cleave, 

with sins beset, 

and ere zealously, 

in their life-days, 

his doctrines obey'd, 

then he his grim 

gums dashes, 

after the death-pang, 

fast together. 

Hell's latticed doors have not 

return or escape, 

outlet ever, 

for those who enter, 

any more than the fishes, 

sporting in ocean. 

13. r. jrejihtf. 19. hser-j^yline? 93. >a J'c J^sep? 



oj: J?8e]* hpaelej' j:enje. 
hpeojiptn motan* 

pojifon ij- ealliDja* 

«• » « 

bjiyhtna bjiyhtne^ 
*5 a beoflum piSj-ace* 
pojibum ^ peopcuixi* 
f pe pulboji-cyninj. 
jej^eon moton* 
uton a pbbe to him* 
on Ya.y hpilnan tib* 
haelu j'ecan* 
)7aet pe mib fpa leo):ne< 
m lo}:e motan* 
to piban feojie. 
pulbpe)* neotan :• 


from the whale's gripe 
can turn : 

therefore is wholly, 

* « * 

to the Lord of lords, 

and devils aye renounce, 

in words and works, 

that we the Glory-king 

may see. 

Let us ever peace with him, 

in this transitory time, 

salvation seek, 

that we with one so dear 

may in praise, 

to all eternity, 

glory enjoy. 


J>ypbe ic j-ecjan jen* 

I have yet heard tell 

bi pimum pujle. 

of a certain bird. 



* * * 

» « « 

* * » 

* * * 

* * F«jeji. 

[98 a.] 

* * fair. 

)?aet pojib ye jecpaj'B* 


the word that spake 

pulbpej' ealbop* 

the Prince of glory : 

m ppa lipylce cub- 

* In whatever tide. 

3. Here a line or more is wanting. 

18. Here the want of connexion, both in sense and grammatical construction, 
clearly shows that a leaf or more is wanting ; the latter part being merely the re- 
ligious application of what has been related of the bird, if not the end of some 
other poem. 



j'pa je mib Cpeope to me^ 
on hyje bpeopjia'S* 
T je hell-pjiena* 
rpeaptjia jefpica*- 
jT^a ic fymle to eop^ 
mib pb-luptn* 
j*ona jecyppe* 
pVLjUtk milbe in5b* 
je bee's me pJ^J^an- 
tophce tip-eabje« 
talabe ^ pimbe* 
beojibte jebjioj^op. 
on beapna ftael* 
utonpe Yy jeopnop. 
jobe oliccaii* 
):ipene peo^an* 
ppij^ef eapnian* 
bujuiSe to bpyhtne. 
}>enben uf ba&j jxine. 
]?aet fpa seipelne* 
eapb pica cypt. 
m pulbpep pkte* 
punian motan. Finit. 



that ye with Auth to me 

turn in mind, 

and ye hell-crimes 

black eschew^ 

so I ever to you, 

with kindred love, 

will forthwith turn, 

through mind benevolent. 

Te shall be then by me 

illustrious, glorious, 

counted and reckon'd, 

bright brethren, 

in place of children.' 

Let us the more fervently 

God propitiate, 

hate crimes, 

merit peace, 

happiness with the Lord, 

while day shines for us ; 

that tve so noble 

an abode, choice of dwellings, 

in glory's beauty 

may inhabit. 






|>ujiu J^Kf behopaS- 

haelej^a ae^hpylc- 

f he hif j'aple piJ- 

fylpa bepitije. 

hu l^aet biiS beopkc- 

|>on j-e beaiS cyme^5» 

ajninbjiaS J>a pbbe. 

J?a Jw aep fomub paepon^ 

lie 3 paple* 

Ion; biiS p];]?ai] • 

f re jaept niine«. 

ffic jobe jylpim- 

j'pa pice ppa pulbop* 

ppa him m populbe »]i* 

epne f eopiJ-paet. 

aep jepophce. 

8ceal pe 38&]*c cuman- 

jehj^um hpemij* 

pymle ymb j'eopon nihc< 

paple pnban* 

]K>ne hc-homan* 

ye heo aep lonje pse;* 

l^peo hunb pincpa* 

bucan aep pypce* 

ece bpyhcen. 

aelimhti; ^ob* 

enbe poplbe* 

This it least behoves 

every man^ 

that he his soul's course 

himself have in heed. 

How awful it will be^ 

when death comes^ 

the kinship sunders^ 

those that were ere together, 

body and soul. 
10 Long will it then be, 

ere the spirit takes, 

from God himself, 

or punishment or glory, 

as for him ere in the world, 

just that earth- vessel 

may have wrought. 

The ghost shall come, 

anxiously moaning, 

always after seven nights, 
20 the soul, to find 

the body, 

that ere it long had quicken 'd, 

for three hundred years ; 

save ere shall work 

the Lord eternal. 

Almighty God, 

an end of the world. 

93. That is, the soul shall come every seventh night during a period of three 
hundred years, unless, &c. 



cleopa^ ]H)Dne j^a ceapjml 

calban peopbe. 

f ppiceS jpimlice. 

j-e jaejt; to ]?am bujte- 

bpujuj^u bpeopja- 

CO hpon bpeahceft ]?u me* 

eop)?an jiylnej-. 

eal poppeopnajt- 

lamef jelicnef . 

lyt l^u jej^ohcep to hpon. 

]7inpe j'aple p^- 

fi|^)?an pupbe. 

pl^j'an heo op lic-homaii* 

laebeb paepe* 

hpaet pite )>u me pepja- 

hpaet ^u hupu pypma ji):!. 

lyt jej^ohtep. 

hu ^ly If lo^5 hibep. 

-J )?e ];uph enjel. 

upan op pobepum- 

]*aple onpenbe. 

]?uph hij- jylpep honb- 

meotub selmihti;- 

op hif DMejen-jTiymme* 

3 fr® 1^* jebohte- 
blobe )>y haljan. 
"] )>u me ];y heapban • 
hunjpe jebunbe- 
'J jehaeptnabept. 
belle pitu* 

eapbobe ic pe m inuan* 
no ic 'pe op meahce. 
plrej'ce biponjcn- 

Then shall call so sad, 

with cold voice, 

shall sternly speak 

t/te spirit to that dust : 

* Gory dust ! 

why hast thou tortur'd me ? 

foulness of earth ! 

thou art all rotting, 

likene&s of clay ! 
10 Little thou thoughtest whither 

thy soul's journey 

after would be, 

after it from its body 

were led. [curs'd ? 

Why dost thou torture me, ac- 

Yes ! thou only food of worms, 

little didst think 

how this is long hither, 

and thee, through his angel, 
«) from above, from heaven, 

sent, a soul, 

through his own hand, 

the Lord Almighty, 

from his majesty, 

and thee then bought, 

with his holy blood ; 

and thou me with the hard 

hunger didst bind, 

and didst hold captive, 
30 with helUtorments. 

I within thee dwelt, 

I might not go from thee, 

with flesh invested. 

4. je add from Verc. MS. 5. bpset bpuh f5\i (pjivhSu) bjieojieja. V. 

8. pojipijuab. V. 10. MS. j?on., hj^an. V. 11. finj for jif5. V. 

31. eajtbobe. V.) Ex. omit. 39. ne meahtre ic ^e op-cuman. V. 




"J me pjien-luftaf • 

|?ine jej^punjon* 

f me yuhte pxl oft* 

J^aet paejie j^pitij. 

J^ufenb pintpa- 

to ]?]num beaiS-bseje* 

hpaec ic uncjief jebalep bab 


nif nu pe enbe co job- 

p»pe ]>u ]>e pifCe plouc* 

^ pmef paeb* 

I'pymjnil Jm nebefC. 

3 ic OF)>ypft«b p»j%. 

jobej* hc-homan* 

jaejtef bjuncef • 

fopj^an ]m ne hojobept* 

hep on hpe- 

l^enben ic )^ in popnlbe* 

punian jxeolbe* 

ysdt )m psepe ]7uph pl»)'c* 

^ l^uph ppen-luptap • 

jTponje jepfcypeb. 

T jefCa];elab )?uph mec. 

•J ic p»f J«ft on l^e- 

fpom jobe penbeb- 

naeppe J^u mec ppa heapbpa* 

helle pita* 

ne jenepebept- 

J?uph )>mpa neoba lujt- [pcenta 

f cealt ]?u nu hpsej^pe mmpa ;e^ 

pcome l^opian* 3i 

on )>am miclan bseje. 


and me thy shiful lusts 


so that to me full oft it seem'd 

that it were thirty 

thousand wintern 

to thy death-day. 

Tes ! our parting I awaited 

in tribulation; 

now is not the end too good. 

Wert thou in food luxuriousi 

and with wine sated, 

in splendour thou didst need, 

and I was thirsty for 

God's body, 

spirit's drink ; 

for thou didst not bear in mind, 

here in life, 

while I thee, in the world, 

must inhabit, 

that thou wast through flesh, 

and through sinful lusts, 

strongly excited, 

and through me compos'd : 

and I was a spirit into thee 

sent from God. 

Never thou me from such hard 


wouldst have sav'd 

through thy needs' lust ; 

thou shalt, nath'less, for my hap- 

shame endure, [pines^ 

on that gre^t day. 

16. MS. ]>8eji YvL >on hojobe : the reading of the text is from V. 
S«. MS. jrtjion J ; V. jtrjianje jejrr jiyneb. 

26-30. nsejijie >a me mib rpa heajibum* helle j^itum* ne jenejiebejr* >u|ih ^injia 
nieba lujc j'cealt: Vu minjia ^ejynta. V. 28. MS. jeajipobe. 

2 B 



]7on monna cynn* 

fe ancenba* [99 o.] 

ealle jejaebjia"®. 

ne esLjit 'pu. nu ]>on leojzpe* 

uaenju Iijzjenbjia- 

menn to ^^emaeccan* 

ne m^>e]\ ne psebep- 

ne naenjum jepbbjia. 

|>on fe fpeajita hpejrn^ 

p|^)?an ic ana op }^» lo 


Jmjih pKf rylp^r l^onb. 

pe 10 aej\ onpenbeb paef- 

ne ma^^on |^ec nu heonan abon- 

hyppfce l^a peaban- * 

ne jolb ne pylpop* 

ne )?inpa ;oba n|[n« 

ac hep fculon abiban* 

ban bipeapob- 

bepliten peonpum* ao 

^ J^ec J;in papl pceal* 

mmu unpillan- 

ope jepecan- 

pemman nub popbum* 

ppa Jm pophfcepc co nie« 

eapt "pvL bumb ^ beap* 

ne pmban ]7me bpeamap piht* 

pceal 10 ye nihbep ye-^enh* 

nybe jepecan- 

pyniium jepapjab- so 

*j ept pona ppom %e* 

hpeoppan on hon-cpeb« 

)?onn haleje menn* 

when the race of men 

the Only-begotten one 

all shall gather. 

Thou art not now dearer 

to any livings 

to any one as mate^ 

nor to mother nor to father, 

nor any of thy kindred^ 

than the swart raven^ 

after that I alone from thee 

passed out, 

through the same One*s hand 

through which I was ere sent in. 

May not now take thee hence 

the red ornaments, 

nor gold nor silver, 

nor any of thy goods, 

but here shall abide 

the bones bereft, ' 

torn from the sinews ; 

and thee thy bouI shall, 

against my will, 

oft seek, 

insult with words, 

as thou hast wrought for me. 

Thou art dumb and deaf> 

thy joys are naught ; 

yet must I thee at night 

by compulsion visit, 

for thy sins afflicted, 

and again soon from thee 

depart at cock-crowing, 

when holy men 

7. MS. mebbeji ; V. mebeji. 

17. ne ]yin'jie bjiybe beaj' ne fin jolb-pela* ne nan fajia joba* >e fSu lu ahreft:. 
V. add. 




jobe hjijenbam* 

lof-fonj bo's. 

)*ecan ]>a hamaf • 

l^e ]?u me »ji fC]uj:e. 

*j )>a a]\leaj*an» 


^ fee fculon molb-pypmaf • 

moiiise ceopan- 

feonopum bephtan* 

ppeajLte pihte* 

ppjie T spaebje. 

ne finbon yme sehfca piht* 

]?a ^n heji on.m(dbaii- 

monnum eapbept* 

po]i]K>n ]^ psepe pelle- 

fpi|>e micle. 

]^n J'e p»jian ealle* 

eoji^hn ppebe* 

but;an ^vl hy jebselbe* 

bjiyhtne pyljm* 

ya^ ]ni pupibe aet ppumpceapte 

oj^l^e pfc on f«. . 
oj^l^e eoji^^n neat- 
aeeep tiolobe* 
peoh butan fnyttfio* 
je on pepteniie^ 
pilbjia beojia* 
f jjummepte- 
]^»p fpa job polbe* 
je )?eah )?u psqie pypm-cynna 
JwBC pyjipejiDe« 



to the living God 

chant their hymn, 

must seek the home 

which thou didst ere assign me, 

and the unhonout'd 


and thee* shall mould- worms 

many chew, 

from thy sinews tear, 

swart creatures, 

ravenous and greedy. 

Thy possessions are naught, 

which thou here on earth 

didst to men exhibit; 

therefore for thee Hwere better 

by very much, 

than to thee were all 

earth's riches^ 

(unless thou hadst bestowed them 

for the Lord himself) 

that thou wert at the beginning 

a bird, 
or a 6sh in sea ; 
4>r, a beast of earth, 
food had cultivated, 
traversing the field, 
a brute without understanding, 
yea, in the waste, 
of wild animals 
the fiercest, 

there, as God might will it ; 
yea, though thou wert of worm 
the worst, [kinds 

9. ]r1it:an jrajilice. V. 
21. >8et:? though both MSS. have )«ep. 

2 b2 

IS. MS. ^eah^e. V. sehca. 



)>on ]m sejriie on molban* [99 bJ] 

mon jepupbe- . 

oy^ aefpe pulpihte* 

onpon fceolbe* 

]?on )?u pop unc bu* 

onbpypban pcealc • 

on pBxn miclah bse^e- 

]?on eaUum monnu beoiS- 

punbe onppijene* 

]^a )>e m populbe ^« lo 

ppenpulle men* 

pypn jepophton- 

)>dn pile bpyhten jylp- 

baeba jehypan* 

»t ealpa monnd jehpam- 

mu]?ep peopbe. 

punbe pi]^p-lean* 

ac hp»t pile ]m )wp* 

on bom^baese* 

bpyhtne pecjan* ^ 

)^n ne bi'S ns&ni; to ]wp lytel li^S 

on lime ^epeaxen* 

f l^u ne pcyle pop se^hpylc* 

anpa on pmibpan« 

pyht apelban- 

)K>nne jteye bi'S* 

bpyhten set borne* 

ac hpset bo pit unc* 

)yon he unc hapa%* 

^eebbypbeb* 30 

oj^jie pl^* 

pculbn pit ]K>nne aet-pomne* 

p)y)?an bpucan- 

than that thou ever upon earth 

didst become man^ 

or ever baptism 

shouldst receive, 

when thou for us both 

must answer 

on the great day, 

when to all men shall be 

the sins expos'd, 

which ere on earth 

wicked men 

wrought in former days : 

then will tAe^ Lord himself 

hear the deeds 

from all men soever, 

by voice of mouth 

sins requite. 

But what wilt thou there, 

on doomsday, 

to the Lord say, 

when there shall be not any joint 

so little, 
growing on limb, 
for which thou shalt not, every 
one separately, 
just retribution pay^ 
when shall be stern 
the Lord at judgment. 
But what shall we two do, 
when he hath us 
caused to be bom again, 
a second time ? 
shall we then together 
afterwards partake 

9. Lit. woundsi i. e. j^yn-j^unba. 

17. -leanian? 




j'pylcjia fjitxipa^ 

fpa J>u unc «ji fcjupC' 

jrijiena)^ }mf f plflcfc-hopb. 

8ceal l^dn pejian on pej* 

j*ecan helle ^unb- 

nalef heopon-bjieamaf • 

bsebiim jebpepeb* 

hje< buffc J?8Bji hic peer* 

ne msej him ^ppajie* 

senile pecjan. 

ne |?8e]t ebpinje* 

aenje ;ehacan« 

jaepce jeomjium* 

jeoce o|^)^ ppoppe* 

bi)> )?8et heapob cohhben* 

honba toleo)?obe* 

jeajdap to^nene. 

^oman cophtene* 

peonpe beo% apojene- 

ppeopa bicopen* 

jub peapa^- 

pe}^ pyjimap- 

bpuncaiS hloj^um hpa* 

heolpjiep Inipptje. 

bilS peo tunje tocojen* 

on tyn healpe- 

bunkum to hjio)?op* 

pop)?on heo ne mse; hopphce- 

popbu ppixlan- 

pi^J ]wne pepjan jaept- ao 

jipeji hatte pe pypm* 

J^am )>a jeaplap beo%- [100 a.] 

naeble pceappjian* 


of such miseries 

as thou to us hast ere assign'd^ 

thus will the body sin ? ' 

Then shall it go its way, 

seek hell's abyss, 

not heaven's joys, 

with its deeds oppress'd. 

The dust shall lie where it was, 

it may not to him answer 

any say, 

nor there return 

any promise 

to the sad spirit, 

aid or comfort. 

The head shall be laid open, 

the hands disjointed, 

the jaws distended, 

the gums rent, 

the sinews shall be suck'd dry, 

the neck gnaw'd, 

the ribs shall tear 

fierce worms, 

shall drink in swarms the carcase, 

thirsty for corruption ; 

the tongue shaU bedrawn asunder, 

into ten partH, 

tQ the hungry ones for food ; 

therefore it may not wisely 

in words converse 

with the accursed ghost. 

Gifer hight the worm, 

(whose jaws are 

than needle sharper) 

1 1, 19. etjifne aeni^ne? They are not in V. 

16. MS. rohleo>obe. V. t;oli>obe. so. Lit. chewed. 

2S. %)]iincats? 81. xijeji, i. e. rapacious, greedy. 



j'e jenejje^ to. 
aejieft ealpa* 
on l^am eop'S-jxpaepei 
he J^a tunjan cocyh«. 
^ 'pa, coJ>af j^uph-pnyh^S 
^ 1^ eajan ];uph-ete%« 
upon on ^ heapob- 
^ Co aec-pelan- 
oj^pum jepyme"8. 
pypmum co pijte. 
|>on hip ]^»fc pepje* 
lie acolab* 
J^aet he lonje 8ep- 
pepebe mib psebum* 
bi"S J^n pypmep pe|d- 
set on eopl'an* 
pB&t mas^ aejhpylcum* 
men to jemynbum- 
mob-f notteppa :• 

that sets to^ 
first of all^ * 
in that earth-carern : 
he the tongoe tears asunder^ 
and tlie teeth pierces^ 
and the eyes eats through^ 
up in the headl- 
and as for a feast, 
clears the way for other 
10 worms' repast. 

Then shall be the accursed 
carcase cool'd, 
that he long of old 
protected with garments j 
then shall it be worm's meat, 
food in earth. - 
That may be to erery 
man as a memorial, 
of mind sagacious. 


Donne bi* hyhtlicpe 
{'set po hahje papl* 
jraepeS to "Sa jilaepce. 
jcpoj-Tie bepunben* 
biS y»t aepenbe* 


(From the Vercelli MS.) 

90 Then it shall be more joyful, 
when the holy soul 
goes to the flesh, 
in comfort wrap'd : 
that errand shall be 

1. V. adds me after to. 6. So V. ; MS. eazan ^uiihitet^. 

6. 7. and 8. 9. In the MS. thett lines are transposed. I have foDowed the 
order in V. 




pinben on f'ejih'Se* 

mib jejzean yeceS* 

luftum ]?8et lam-yadt* 

J^aet hie »p lanje paej* 

)h)8 }>a jaft^af • 

jobe popb fpjieca^* 

fnott:]ie pjepefce* 

3 ]>uf fO"8hce. 

)yone hc-homao* lo 

luftum 2jiet«e)?« 

Pioe leopefta* 

ah "Se pypmaf jyt* 

PFpe jjieta^. 

mi If )?m jajt; cumen* 

jzs^jie jeppfBtepob- 

Of minef jraebep pice* 

apum bepunben* 

eala mm bpyhten* 

];8ep ic ^e mojt:e* to 

mib me laoban* 

^mt pyt en^laf • 

ealle jepapon* 

heo)X)na pulbop fpy^^" 

fpa ISu me aep hep pcpipe* 

peftept %u on polban* 

J jepylbepc me. 

jobep hc-homan» . 

jajref bpyncep • 

p»pe %u on paeble* so 

pealbeft me pilna jenihr* 

p)pi$an "Su ne )?eappt fceamian- 

I'on fceabene hedp* 

4. Lit the loam-vessel. 
18. MSS. eajnim. 


found in spirit. 

With joy shall it ^eeky 

with delight, the body, 

that it long before had animated. 

Then the spirits 

good words shall speak, 

wise, glorious ; 

and thus truly 

the body 

gladly shall greet : 

^ Dearest friend I 

'the worms possess thee yet, 

greedy greet thee ; 

now is thy spirit come, 

faurly adom'd^ 

from my Father's kingdom, 

with honours encircled. 

Ah, my lord ! 

that I might thee 

with me conduct, 

that we the angels 

all might see, 

heaven's glory such [vide t 

as thou for me here didst ere pro« 

thou didst fast on earth, 

and me didst fill 

with God's body, 

spirit's drink : 

thou wast in need^ 

and gave me of desires fill ; 

therefore thou needst not be 

when shall be parted 

7. MS. jppecat;. 
20. faer? 



]?a fj'npillan* 

^ l^a j'o'8f»jtan- 

on ]mm msepan baeje- 

"pddy yn me ^^eape- 

ne i$e hpeopan |?eapp« 

hep on life* 

eallef J7)a myclej'. 

j'pa iSu me fealbefC. 

on jemoc-ftebe- 

manna 'j enjla- 

byjbej-fc in ]>e pop haele'Sum^ 

3 aho}:e me on ecne bpeam* 

fopj^an me a lanja)'- 

leo}:oft manna* 

on mmum hjje heapbe- 


the sinful 

and the just^ 

on the great day. 

For that thou gavest me 

it need not rue tliee 

here in life, 

for all so much 

as thou me gavest, 

in the meeting-place 

of men and angels. 

Thou bowedst thyself before men, 

and rais'd me to joy eternal ; 

therefore it ever grieves me, 

dearest of men ! 

in my thought deeply, [flictions. 

ysQY ^ ic |?e on )^*um hyn'Su ]^*that I know thee to be in these af- 

pypmu CO piffce. 

ac ^ast polbe job* 

]7»e )m 9Sf]\e ]mj* laSlic* 

lejep-beb cupe* 

polbe ic ]?e "Son j'ecjan. 

pset in ne popjobe* 

popiSan pyc beo^ jejaebepobe 

»t jobep bome* 

mocon pyt J^onne 8et-]*omne« 

pyi$)>an bpucan* 

'J unc on heoponu* 

heah-Jmnjene beon- 

ne )?uppon pyt beon ceapie* 

aefc cyme bpyhtnep* 

ne )>aepe anbj^ape- 

ypele habban* 

j'opje m peiSpe- 

ac pyc pylpe majon* 


a repast for worms ; 

but God hath willed it, 

that thou ever thus loathly 

a bed of rest should choose* 

But I to thee would say, 

that thou shouldst not sorrow, 

for we shall be gathered 

at God's doom ; 

we may then ourselves together 

afterwards enjoy, 

and in heaven 

be high-exalted* 

We need not be uneasy 

at the Lord's coming, 

nor, for our answer, 

evil have, 

care in mind ; 

but we may. 

6. i. e. the life eternal. 
25-S7. motou pyt (onne aerjromne unc* jryt$]>an bpucan* *) on heojpOAum, &c. ? 



set ynm borne j^aep* 
baebum aplpan* 
hpylce eajinun^a- 
uncpe psejiOn. 
Pat ic y»t ]?u psejie* 
on pojiulb-juce* 
^ej^un^en )?pymlice* 
l^yfj^ej- ♦ * 

T* ^F ^P 

3|e % ♦ 

at the doom there^ 

in our deeds exult ; 

such deserts 

ours have been ! 

I know that thou wast, 

in the world's kingdom, 

exalted nobly. 


Pelanb hmi be pujiman- 
ppsecep cunnabe* lo 

anhybi; eojil* 
eappoj^a bpeaj* 
hsepbe him to 2e]*i];]>e« 
popje 3 lonjaiS* 
pmtep-cealbe ppaece- 
pean opt onponb* 
ji)^]mn hme niVhab on* 
nebe lejbe. 
j7H>ncpe peono-benbe* 
onpyllan mon. ao 

D»p opepeobe* 

)?ippep ppa msej. 

ne peep hype bpoSpa bea'S. 
on pepan ppa jup- 

Weland in himself the worm 
of exile prov'd, 
the firm-soul'd chief 
hardships endur'd, 
had for his company 
sorrow and weariness, 
winter- cold exile, 
affliction often suffer'd, 
when that on him Nithhad 
constraint had laid, 
with a tough sinew-band, 
th* unhappy man. 

That he surmounted^ 

so may /this« 

her brothers' death was not 
in mind so painftd 

8. Here a leaf has been cut out 
19. Lit. flexible; Ger. schwank. 

9. MS. bepujiman. 




fpa hype jyljiie ]>inj. 
]we heo ^eajiolice- 
onpeten haefbe* 
f heo eacen paef • 
seppe ne meahte* 

ha ymb f f ceolbe* 

DflBf opepeobe* 

J^ijjep ppa maej. 
Pe }>set mse'Shilbe* 
monje jeppupion- 
pupbon 3punblea)*e- 
jeacep ppije. 
^ hi peo popj-lupu. 
plsep ealle binom. 

D»p op6peobe. 

I^ippep ppa ni8&2* 
Deobpie ahte* 
"Spitij piiit:pa* • 
maepiD^a bup;* 
f psep monepim c\xS. 

Daep opepeobe* 

]?ippep ppa msBj. 
pe jeapcoban* 
pylpenne 3e];oht* 
ahte pibe pole* [100 b."] 

jotena picep* 
f psep spun cyoinj* 
paec pec; mom;* 
poppim jebunben- 
pean on penan* 
pypcce jeneahhe* 
f ]?8Bp cyne-picep- 



as her own mischance5 

when she for certain 

had discover'd 

that she was pregnant : 

never could she 

confidently think . 

how as to that it could be. 

That she surmounted^ 

so may /this. 
That of Mffithhilde we 
many have heard : 
were unreasonable 
Oeat's courtships^ 
so that from him hapless love 
all sleep took. 

That he surmounted^ 

so may / this. 
Theodric held^ 
for thirty winters, 
that was to many known. 

That he surmounted. 

so may /this. 
.We have heard tell of 
wolf-like soul : 

he possessed the ample nations 
of the Goths' realm ; 
that was a fierce king. 
Sate many a warrior 
with sorrows bound, 
calamity in expectation ; 
wished enough, 
that of that kingdom 

s. >a? 

14. MS. hi. 

15. r. ealne. 



opejicumen psjie. 
Daef ojzepeobe* 
Jnjrer rpa maej. 

Site"? lH)jij-ceapij« 

)*8elain bibaeleb* 

on fej.-an fpeopceiS. 

fyljium {wince's- 

f fy enbeleaf • 

eapfO'Sa bael* 

mse; )?on jej^encan* 

^ jeonb Jwif pojiulb. 

picij bpyhfcen. 

penbeiS ^eneahhe* 

eople monepim* 

ape jefceapa^* 

pifhcne blseb* 

piinum peana bael* 

f ic bi me rylpim. 

pecjan pille* 

f IC hpile psep • 

heo-beninja pcop* 

bpyhtne bype- 


me psep beop noma* 
ahte ic pela pmtpa* 
poljaiS tilne* 
holbne hlapopb* 
opy^Bt heoppenba nu* 
leoS-qiaepcij mon- 
lonb-pyht 2e]mh* 
f me eopla hleo* 
aep jepealbe. 

Dsep opepeobe* 
Jjijjep ppa m«^ :• 

there were an end. 

That he surmounted^ 

so may /this. 
Sad-sorrowing he sits, 
of good bereft^ 
in his soul it darkens^ 
seems to himself 
that is endless 
the portion of afflictions. 
10 Then may he think, 

that throughout this world 
the sagacious Lord 
alternates abundantly ; 
to many a man 
he honour allots, 
assur'd prosperity ; 
to one a share of trouble? : 
that I of myself 
will say, 
90 that I whilom was 

a scald of the ^ Heo-Denings,' 
dear to my lord, 
my name was Deor ; 
I had for many winters 
a good retainership, 
a kind lord, 

till that Heorrenda now, 
a man skilled in song, 
the land-right receiy'd, 
30 which me the patron of men 
ere had given. 

That /surmounted, 

so may /this. 



Lfeobum if minum- 

)7ylce him mon lac ppe* 

pilla'S hy hine aj^ec^an* 

jij: he on ]?peat cymeiS. 

unjehc ij- dr. 

pulj: ij' on leje. 

ic on o)?e]ipe* 

fseft 1]* J^aet ejlonb- 

penne bipoppen- 

finbon p»l-peope- 

pepaf J^aep on ije- 

pilla^ hy hine aj^ecjan* 

pp he on l^peat cyme)$* 


ip up pulpep. 

ic minep piblajrum- 

penum bo^obe* 

"pon hic paep penij pebep* 



T ic peo cuju paet- 

]^n mec pe beabu-capa* 20 

bojum bilejbe. 

paep me pyn co J>on« 

paep me hpae)ype eac la%- 

pnlp mm pulp- 

pena me )^me- 

j'eoce jebybon. 

)?me pelb-c^map. 

mupnenbe mob- 

nalep mete hpte* 

jehypejt }m eab pacep* so 

uncepne eapne hpelp* 

bipelS pulp to puba* 

]^t mon eaj^e tophteS* 

ymtxe naeppe jepomnab pas]'* 

uncep jiebb jeabop :• 

[101 a.] 

|>pj^lc ip ha&lejm Jwp hoppc- 
1 Jwp hy^e-qiaeptij. 
f )?aet mae^e apecjan* 
hpa mec on pX ppaece* 
J?6n ic ajtije ptponj. 
ptunbu pe)^e« 
J'p^mpul ]mnie. 



What man is so sagacious^ 
and of mind so cunning, 
that that may say, 
who me on journey sends^ 
when I mount strong, 
sometimes fierce, 
proud, /thunder. 



)>jiapim pjuece* 
pepe jeonb polban- 
):olc-)'alo bsejine> 
]i8eceb peapje- 
pecaj* ftijaiS. 
hafpe opeji hjiopS* 
hlin hiS on eo]i)>aQ» 
p8el-q>ealm pejia* 
]>on ic pubu hjiepe- 
beappaf bleb-hpace* 
beamaf fylle* 
holme ;;ehpej:eb. 
heanu meahtum* 
pjiecan on paj^e* 
pibe penbeb- 
h»bbe me on hpyc^e^ 
f seji habap ppeah* 
plaepc 3 jaeptap* 
pomob on punbe* 
]^2a hpa mec )^cee- 
oype hu ic hatte* 
)^ }^ hlsept bepe :• 

at times wander, 

travel over earth, 

public structures burn, 

houses rob ; 

the smoke mounts 

dusky o'er the roofs ; 

din is on earth, 

the death-pang of men. 

Then I shake the wood, 
10 the leafy groves, 

fell the trees, 

with water cover'd, 

by my high powers, 

exiles wandering 

send afar. 

/ have on my back 

that which ere the persons cover'd 

of earth's inhabitants, 

flesh and spirits, 
a) together safely. 

Say who covers me, 

or how I am call'd 

who bear the load. 


|>pilum ic jepite- 
]7>a ne pena)^ men* 
imbep ypVL jej^paec- 
eopj^an pecan* 
japj-ecjep jpunb. 
ppen bij^ jeppejebi 

Sometimes I go, 
as men think not, 
under the rush of waves, 
seeking the earth, 
the ocean's ground. 
7^ sea is impel'd. 

15. jrenbe? 

29. r. ^eopon. 



ji^m jepealcen* 
hpaelHnejie hlimmeS- 
hlube jjiimme^- 
ftpeamaf ]ra)?u beat:a^< 
ftunbum peoppa]'- 
on ftealc hleo)m» 
]t:ane ;j fonbe. 
pajie ;j paeje. 
I^n ic pinnenbe* 
holm-mae^ne bij^eaht- 
hjiupan rcypxe. 
pbe r»-jiiunbar. 
punb-helme ne maej.. 
lojian «p mec Ise&e* 
pe J?e min latteop bi5. 
on p}?a ^ehpam* 
pa^a ]H>ncol mon^ 
hpa mec bpejbe^ 
op bjumep pie)?mum« 
l^n ptjieamap ept- 
pnlle peopj^a^. 
yj^a jej^jsepe. 
'pe mec sep ppu^on :• 



foam roU'd ; 

the whale-mere resounds, 

loud rages^ 

streams beat the shores, 

sometimes dash, 

on the * cliffs, 

with stone and sapd, 

weed and wave : • 

then I labouring, 

with the watery niain cover'd, 

the earth stir up^ 

the wide sea-grounds. [not 

From the watery covering I may 

escape, ere me dismiss 

he who my guide is 

in every course. 

Say, man of thought ! 

who me drew 

from ocean's bosom, 

when the streams again 

were still, 

the waves at rest, 

which me ere cover'd ? 


I^pilum mec nun ppea* [101 &J Sometimes me my master 

p8epk:e ^eneappa'S^ 
penbeS ]^n« 
unbep pael-ponje. 
beapm bpaban* 
3 on bib ppiceiS' 

fast constrains, 

then sends, 

amid the pleasant plain, 

my broad bosom, 

and on a bed drives tne, 

23. MS. jpjiu^on. 

97. MS. ral. 

S9. beb? MS. otibib. 



]fjiaf:BiS on J?yjt:pu» 
J^jiymma pimne- 
haetjt; on enje* 
}wji me heopb pte«. 
hpufe on hpycje. 
nah ic hpyjijzt: p^ef* 
OF );am ajlace. 
ac ic ej^l-pcol- 
h8ele]?a h]iepe- 
hojin-falu pa;ia9- 
pepa pic-ptebe* 
peaUap beofia^* 
jreape opeji fCi-picum- 
jtiUe ypiceS* 
lyp: opeji lonbe* 
3 laju rpije. 
o]?]78e& ic op enje* 
epne ppa mec pipa}^* 
jre mec ppaebe on. 
set pjiumpceapce* 
pup)?um lejbe. 
benbe ;] clomme* 
^ ic onbu^an ne nioc. 
op J^aep jepealbe. 
\fe me pejap csecne^* 
hpilum ic pceal upan* 
yjm ppejan- 

[ptpeamftj] p^5»"' 
^ CO ptajTe )?yjian* 
phnt-jpaejne plob* 
pami; pmneS* 
pae; p'S peaUe* 
ponn apipe'S- 

4. r. heajib. 
29. f tjieamaf supplied from 

urges on in darknei^ 

some affliction, 

hunts me into durance ; 

there hard sits 

the earth on my back* 

I have no return of way 

from that misery ; 

but I the habitation 

of men disturb, 
10 the pinnacled halls shake, 

men's dwelling-places, 

the walls tremble, 

steep o'er the pathway? 3 

still seems 

the air o'er the land, 

and the water silent, 

till that I from durance 

rush up, 

just as me directs 
ao he who a binding on me, 

at the beginning, 

first lud, 

with band and chain, 

that I may not deviate 

from the control of him, 

who to me points the ways. 

Sometimes I shall firom above 

the billows drive, 

stir up the streams, 
90 and to the shore impel 

the flint-gray flood* 

Foamy strives 

wave against wall, 

dusk rises 

7. MS. a^Uca. 

9. MS. hjiejia. 
so. >ypaDy i^ere ? 




bun opeji bype- 

hyjie beojic on lajt;« 

eajie jeblonben* 

oj^ep pepeiS. 

)?aet; by ^enDak^taS* 

meapc-lonbe neah* 

hea hlincaf • 

]78sp hiS blub pubu* 

bpim-pejim bpeabtm* 

bibaiS jt;ille» 

fcealc ft:an-bleo)m* 



]7dn beah jej^pin;* 

•on cleopu cpybej?- 

f^aep biiS ceole pen* 

fhj^pe fsecce* 

pp bine p« bype^B- 

on );a jpunman fcib. 

jsejt^a pulne« 

y»t be fcyle pice* 

bipopen peopj^an- 

peope bipobten* 

pssmi; piban- 

y)?a bpycjum. 

]78ep biiS ejfa pim- 

aelbum jejpeb. 

I^apa ]^ ic byjian fceal- 

rtponj on rfci«-pe5- 

bpa 26]Tille8 f^set* 

bpilum ic )mpb-piefe* 

^ me on baece pibeiJ* 

pon ps^-jaitu* 

pibe fcoj^pinje- [102 a.] 



mountain o'er deep ; 

dark on its tracks 

in ocean, 

anotber goes, 

so tbat tbey meet, 

the land's limit near, 

the bigb shores. 

Tbere the wood is loud, 

the ocean-guests' noise ; 

still remain 

the rocky cliffs 

from tbe watery strife, 

the crew's outcry. 

When the towering mass 

on the cliffs presses, 

there shall be hope for the vessel, 

in the fierce contest, 

if it t/ie sea shall bear, 

at that terrific time, 

of guests full, 

so tbat it shall forthwith 

be borne away, 

though vitally assail'd, 

yet foamy ride 

on the waves' backs. 

There shall be some terror 

to men display'd, 

whom I shall bear, 

strong on the rugged way : 

who shall still that ? 

Sometimes I rush through, 

so tbat behind me rides 

the dark wave- vessel ; 

widely I press on. 

1. i. e. m<nmtain*waTe. 
8. pubu=piiib-j>ubUy ship? 

eaji-^eblonbe? 5. ^emeraS? 

SI. jiicene? 



la2u-]t:jieaina pull* 
hpilum laete ejit* 
flupan to-fomne* 
ye his rpeja in»jt;. 
bpeahtma opeji bujipim* 
T ^ebpeca hlubajt* 
}>on fceajip cyme's- 
fceo pi)? o)?pum* 
ecj pi^ ecje. 
eajipan ^epceapte* 
fuy Ofeji polcu- 
pyjie )7>8et:a'S- 
blacan lije* 
T jebpecu pepa^- 
beopc Ofeji bpeontum* 
jebyne micle- 
jiajia'S peohtenbe* 
peallan Iseta^- 
fpeajit fumfenbu- 
peap op bopme* 
paecan op pombe. 
pinnenbe pajie^* 
atol eopeb-)?peat- 
ejpa aj'Cije'8- 
micel mob-}^ea« 
monna cynne- 
bjiojan on buji^um- 
J'oii blace pcotia'S- 
pcpij^enbe pern, 
pceappum pffipnum- 
bol him ne onbpsbeS- 
■8a beaiS-ppejiu- 
ppylte^S hp8e}?pe> 
jip him yo^ meotub* 

5. Lit. over towns. 
15. bfieohcum (bpyhcam)? 

of the water-streams full : 

sometimes again / let them 

dissolve together ; 

that of sounds is greatest, 

of noises among men, 

and of crashes loudest. 

Then sharp shall come 

shoe against other, 

edge against edge, 
10 to earth's creation, 

hurrying o'er people ; 

thet/ with fire shall sweat, 

with pale flame, 

and the crashes go 

dark over multitudes ; 

with great din, 

they shall go fighting, 

shall let fall, 

swart shall send, 
90 moisture from the bosom, 

liquid from the belly ; 

contending shall go 

the dire legion, 

dread shall arise, 

great mental torment, 

to the race of men, 

terror in their towns, 

when pale shall shoot 

passing phantoms 
30 with sharp weapons, 

the foolish will not dread 

the deadly spears, 

yet will he die, 

if on him the just Creator 

10. eoji]yaii or eajiman ? 
19. Tpeafivjrum jenbeb' ? 

2 c 

27. bjio^a? 



on jejiyhm* 
}^uph pejn ujian- 
op ^eftune l8ek:e'S- 
Ytjimle pleo^an* 
jzajienbe jilan- 
pea f jebyjaB- 
)mpa ye jepaeca'S- 
pyne-pepbep p»pen* 
ic Jwp oplejep. 
op anptelle* 
l^n jepifce. 
polcen-jehnarte • 
]7uph ;e)?p8ec J^pinjan* 
J^ymme micle* 
opep bypnan bopm* 
biepfte'S hlube* 
heah hlo'S-^ecpob- 
ySn hni^e epc* 
unbep lypte helm* 
lonbe neap* 
;] me bpyc; hlabe* 
l^ffit ic habban pceal* 
meahtum ^emanab* 
minep ppean* 
ppa ic }^pympiil J^eop* 
]^apim purne* 
hpilu unbep eopj^an* 
hpilu y]?a pceal- 
heah unbep-hmjan* 
hpilum hohn upan* 
ptpeamap ptypje. 
hpilu ptije up* 
polcn-pape ppeje- 
pibe pepe* 
ppipt ^ ppij^-peopm- 


through rain from above, 

from the whirlwind lets 

the arrow fly, 

the travelling dart : 

few shall /rom that escape 

of those whom reach 

the rain-spirit's weapon. 

I of that calamity 
10 set the beginning, 

then depart 

in the din of clouds^ 

boldly pressing onward 

with a great state, 

o'er the water's bosom ; 

loud bursts 

the high collection. 

Then / incline again^ 

under air's covering, 
90 nearer to land, 

and on my back load 

what I am to have, 

by the powers admonish'd 

of my master. 

So I a stately servant, 

at times labour, 

sometimes under earth; 

sometimes the waves I must 

deep dive under ; 
30 sometimes the sea from above, 

the streams, I agitate; 

sometimes rise up,. 

the clouds' course drive, 

widely traverse, 

swift and vigorous. 

8. jieju-jayrej? 

15. Lit. the bourne's. 

9S. lieblMnf 



j'a^a hpffit ic hact:e« [102 b.'] 
olp^e hpa mec paepe* 
]^n ic peftan ne moti 
o^^e hpa mec jtxVpB' 
)?onne ic ftille beom :• 

Say what I am call'd^ 
or who excites me^ 
when I may not rest, 
or who stays me> 
when I am still ? 


Ic j-ceal fpaj b;^ij* 
}H5jne mmmn. 
hpm^an hffijt^eb* 
hypan jeopne^ 
mm beb bpecan* 
bpeahcme cyj^an* 
}>8et me half-ppij^an* 
hlapopb fealbe* 
ojit mec plasp-pepijne* 
fecj o^SJ^e meople* 
2pet»n eobe* 
ic hmi xpom-heopcmn 
pmtep^cealb oncpe]^- 
peapm hm« 
jebmibenne ba^* 
hpilmn bep)*te'S* 
fe-}^ah bi)^ on )H>nce- 
J^ejne mmum. 
meb-pipum men* 
me f rylfe )7»p» 
piht pice* 
^ popbum mtnon- 
)*peb maeje* 
jrpel jepecjan s» 

19. pftajime hmu? 

87. 88. MS. mfn oofpeb. 



I shall a while bu8y> 

ray servant, 

with rings confin'd, 

sedulously obey, 

my bed break, 

with noise make known, 

that me a neck-band 

my lord has given. 

Me oft sleep-weary 

man or maid 

went to greet; 

I them, cruel-hearted ones, 

winter-cold answer. 

The warm limb 

the bound collar 

sometimes escapes from ; 

it is, however, grateful 

to my servant, 

a half wise man, 

that me there 

something torments, 

and he to my words 

effectually may 

a saying say. 

so. r. bea;. 

88. rpebe or /pebumt 

2 c2 

81. hepftafii 




Ic eom anha^a* 
ifejine punb* 
beabo-peopca faeb. 
ecpim pejiij- 
Oft ic pi J feo» 
jrjiecne feohcdn* 
ppopjie ne pene. 
f mec jeoc cyme- 
aeji ic mib aelbum* 
eal fojipujibe* 
ac mec hnofpaiS. 
homejia lajie* 
heapb ec; heojio pceajip* 
^peojic fmi]?a« 
bita% m bujipi* 
ic abiban jrceal* 
laj^jian ^emotep • 
naejrpe Isece-cynn* 
on polc-ptebe. 
pmban meaht:e« 
]7ajia 'pe mib pypnim* 
pmibe jehaelbe* 
ac me ec^a bol;* 
eacen peoji^a'S* 
J^ujih bea^-pleje. 
bapim 3 nihtum :• 

I am a recluse^ 

with iron wounded^ 

with faulchion scar'd. 

Bated with works of war, 

of edges weary ; 

oft I battle see, 

perilous fight ; 

for comfort hope not, 

or that safety to me shall come 
10 from martial strife, 

ere I with generations 

shall all have perishM ; 

but they me shall strike 

with sword : 

the hard of edge, intensely sharp, 

hand- work of smiths, 

shall bite among people : 

I must await 

the hostile meeting: 
90 never the healing tribe, 

in the battle-place, 

might / find, 

who with plants 

my wounds would heal, 

but to me the edges' sores 

become increas'd, 

through deadly stroke, 

by day and night. 

14. See Warton's H. E. P. 3rd edit, I. p. Ixix. 
17. Lit. in burghs. 

16. r. hanb-j>eopc. 




Mec jepette j-o^S. 
pjopa palbenb« 
cpijt; to compe- 
ope ic q?ice baepne* 
unjumu cyn* 
eoji)?an ^eten^e- 
naete mib m)?e* 
fpa ic him DO hjiine* 
fan mec mm ppea* 
yeohtan hate]^* 
hpilmn ic momjjia. 
mob ajiet:e- 
hpilum ic jrjiejrpe* 
ysL ic sep pmne on* 
pecqipan ppi}^* 
hi ]wp pela^ ]^ah* 
j-pylce Jwp oj^pep- 
}H>nne ic ept hyjia- 
opep beop jebpeaj* 
bpohta'S betan :• 


Me has placed the true 
Ruler of victories, 
Christ, in battle : 
oft I the Uving bum, 
a race innumerable, 
heavy on earth, 
oppress with enmity, 
yet I touch them not, 
when me my Lord 
10 commands to fight. 
Sometimes of many I 
the mind exhilarate ; 
sometimes I comfort 
[103 a.] those whom I ere war against, 
from very far, 
yet they feel it, 
as also this other, 
when I again, 
over the deep abyss, 
90 their condition better. 


I^psejl mm ppi^aiS* 
)^n ic hjiupan tpebe- 
oj^^e ya. pic buje* 
o)^)^ pabo bpepe. 
hpilum mec ahebba'S 
opeji h»le)^a byht- 

8. xpa for fpa-^eah ? 
14. add )e after >a? 

My garment sounds, 
when I tread the earthy 
or the villages inhabit^ 
or the waters drive : 
sometimes me lift, 
over men's habitations, 

IS. r. fpepjiije. 
81. fpojatf? 



bypfbe niuie« 
3 peoy hea lyjit- 
^ mec ]^n pibe« 
polcna ftjien^u* 
opeji folc bJiieiS. 
pji8et:pe rnine^ 
fpoja'B hlube* 
3 rpinpa«. 
Mjihte jinja^. 
]^n ic ^etenje ne beom* 
plobe ^ folban- 
fepenbe jaeffc :% 


my trappings, 
and this high air ; 
and me then widely 
the clouds' strength 
over people bears ; 
my ornaments 
sound loudly, 
and gire melody, 
sweetly sing, 
then I am not heavy 
to flood or earth, 
a journeying guest. 


Ic {mjih inup ]*ppece 
mon^um jieopbum* 
pjiencum pnje* 
ppixle ^eneahhe* 
hlube cipme* 
healbe mine pifan* 
hleo)?pe ne mij^e* 
ealb aejren-fceop. 
eoplum bpm^e- 
bhjje m bup^um- 
]?on ic bu^enbpe* 
]t;epne ptj^ime* 
ptdle on picum* 
pceiS nijenbe. 
fa^a hpaet ic hatte. 
I^a ppa fcijie nije» 



I through my mouth speak 

in many tongues, 

cunningly sing, 

converse abundantly 

with my head^voice ; 

loudly cry, 

hold on my tones, 

my sound conceal not : 

an old evening-bard^ 

to men / bring 

happiness in their homes; 

when I them with flexible 

voice excite, 

still in their dwellings 

they sit * 

Say what I am called, 

who so clearly *, 

16. lubint. po|)bum. 

so. h]eo>o]i? 

99. r. ]ye. 



foeapenb pifan* 
hlube onhyjije* 
h»Ie)^um bobije* 
pil-cumena pela* 
fdpe mmpe :• 

at sight tones 
loudly imitate^ 
to men announce 
things welcome many, 
with my voice ? 



Mec on ]nffum baju. 

beabne opjeapon* 

pebeji 3 mobep* 

ne paef me ):eoph )^a ^en- 

ealboji m mnan* 

]m mec on^ou* 

pel holb me- 

jepebum ^^eccan* 

heolb 3 p[ieo]?obe* 

hleo-fceoppe pjiah* 


fpa hijie ajeu beajm* 

oypsBZ ic unbep pceate* 

)7a mm ^epceapu paepon* 

unjepbbum peap'S* 

eacen 2»fte- 

mec peo ppi)^ mae;- 

pebbe p}?)?an« 

cipymt ic apeox- 

pibbop meabte- 

ppbf apectan- 

heo haepbe ppaejTia py l»p» 

puna ^ bohtpa* [103 b.] 

pf heo ppa bybe :• 


Me, in these days, 

gave up as dead, 

father and mother, 

there was yet no soul, 

no life within me : 

then me began 

my kind friend 

with weeds to deck, 

held and protected me, 

with clothing covered me 


as her own child, 

unta I under the garment, 

(so were my decrees) 

with hostile ones became 

increased in spirit. 

Me the kind woman 

fed then, 

until I grew up, 

and could further 

set my jourueyings. 

She had the less of her owa 

sons and daughters, •', 

because she so did. / 

7. MS. ojpseajpum. IS. MS. peccan. 

19. r. mine. 19. Or : lo waa it decreed me. 

16. feajiolice? 
98. r. mae^V. 




Neb psef mm on neajipe- 
3 ic neoj^an psetjie- 
jJobe mibeji-plopen* 
pp jen-fCpeamum . 
fpij^e bepuncen* 
^ on punbe apox- 
upan y|>u }?eaht- 
anum jecenje* 
li]?enbum puba* 
lice mme- 
haepbe peojih cpico- 
]^a ic op pseiSmum cpom* 
bjiunep 3 beamep* 
on blacnm bpsejl- 
pume psepon hpite- 
hyppte mine- 
)?a mec Upjenbe- 
lypt upp-ahop* 
pmb op pae^e* 
pi}?)>an pibe baep* 
opep peolh-bajw. 
paja hpset ic bacte :• 



My face was in constraint; 

and I beneath with water^ 

with the flood submerged^ 

in the mountain-streams 

deeply sunk^ 

and in the sea grew up^ 

above with billows wash'd^ 

heavy only 

to sailors in ships 

with my body. 

I had a living soul^ 

when I from the clutches came 

of sea and ship. 

On a black garment, 

some were white 

of my trappings. 

Then me living 

air rais'd up, 

wind from the wave 

afterwards bare me far 

over the seal's baths. 

Say what I am call'd. 


)>p8e;l ip mm hapo-pa^^ 

hyppce beophte- 

peabe ^ pcipe. 

on peape- 

ic bypje bpelle. 

My garment is party-coloured^ 

with bright ornament, 

red and clear, 

on my robe. 

I the foolish mislead. 

8. MS. uubejt ^lojien. 




3 bole hpette* 
o]^uin ffcype* 
nytcjie pojie- 
ic y«Y nopiht pat* 
f heo fpa jemaebbe^ 
mobe beftolene* 
bffibe jebpolene- 
beojia)? mine* 
pon pifan jehpam* 


and the dull excite^ 
their imprudent ways 
to others direct 
a more useful course. 
I thus nothing know 
yS. him yBBf l^eapej'* 
]*i]7}?an heah bjun^eiS* 
hojiba beojiapt:* 
jif hi unpaebej'. 
aeji ne jefpica}? :• 

Fotum ic ):epe* 
folban fhk:e« 
2jiene ponjaj-- 
Reuben ic jacft bepe- 
pp me ):eoph lofaiS- 
pepte bmbe* 
fpeapte pealaf • 
hpilum fellan men* 
hpilum ic beopum* 
bpmcan felle* 
beopn op bopme* 
hpilum mec bpyb tpiebe'S* 
pela-plonc potum* 
hpilum peoppan bpoht* 
pon-peax pale- 
peje* T J7«. 
bol-bpunc mennen* 
beopcum mhtu* 
pete's m pstpe* 
pypmeS hpilum* 
pae^e to pype* 




On feet I go^ 
the earth tear^ 
the green fields, 
while a soul I bear. 
If my life perish, 
fast I bind 
the swart strangers ; 
sometimes to a better man, 
sometimes to beasts, 
/ give to drink 
the stream from my bosom ; 
sometimes me the bride treads, 
much proud, with her feet ; 
sometimes, brought from far, 
the strange woman, dusk of hair, 
moves and impels me : 
the foolish serving maid, 
in dark nights, 
wets in water ; 
sometimes warms 
well at the fire, 
aud so. Lit. Welsh. 




me on ps'Sme jnca]?- 
hyje-^al an honb- 
hpyjifeiS jeneahhe- 
fpipeS me ^eonb )*peapcne- 
faja hpaet ic hatte« [104 a.] 
I^e ic hfjenbe- 
lonb jieap^e- 
3 ffijt^eji bea]?e* 
bjiyhtum |?eopije :• 

me in Aer bosom aticks^ 
wild-minded in her hand^ 
tarns me abundantly^ 
glides over me^ black. 
Say what I am caU'd, 
I who living 
rob the land, 
and after death 
multitudes serve. 

Ic feah tujif tjieban* 

X. pffipon ealjia- 

VI. jebjioj^oji. 

3 hypa ]*peopto)i mib« 

haepbon peop; cpico* 

pell honjebon- 

ppeocol T jepyne. 

on pelep pe^e- 

anjia jehpylcef 

ne paep hypa aenji \^ PjPf' 

ne pbe \^ pajijia- 

]?eah hjr ppa pceolbon* 

jieape bijiopene* 

jiobjia peajibep* 

meahtum apeahce* 

mu]?um plitan- 

happe blebe* 

hpse^l bi% jenipab* 

t^am )?e ep pop^-cymene- 

ppsetpe lecon. 

hc^an on lapte* 

^epican lonb tpeban :• 


10 I saw treading the turf 

(ten they were in all) 

six brethren, 

and their sisters with them ; 

they had a living soul, 

the skins hung, 

manifest and visible, 

on the room's wall, 

of every one \ 

not to anyof them was it the worse, 
90 nor his side the sorer, 

though they so must, 

of garment bereft, 

by the Gnardian of the skies' 

powers awaken'd, 

with their mouths tear 

the variegated leaves. 

Clothing is renew'd 

for those who, already come forth, 

left their ornaments 
30 to lie in their track, 

departing the land to tread. 



Ic p8Bf pepen-pija* 
nu mec plonc J^eceiS* 
jeonj ha^oftealb-mon- 
jolbe -J pylpojie. 
poum pip-bo^um* 
hpilum pejiap cy]*fa%* 
hpilum ic to hilbe- 
hleoj^ie bonne* 
hpilum pycj byjiej?. 
mec opep meapce* 
hpilum mepe-henjepc* 
pepeiS opep plobap • 
ppaetpum beophtne- 
hpilum msej^o, pum- 
mmne ^epylle'S* 
bopm beaj-hpoben- 
hpilimi ic bopbum pceal 
heapb beapobleap- 
behlyj^eb Uc^an* 
hpilum honji^e* 
hypptum ppastpeb* 
pliti; on paje* 
J'ffip pepap bpmca^* 
ppeohc pypb-pceopp. 
hpilum polc-pi^an* 
picje peja'B- 
'pSn ic pmbe pceal* 
pmc-paj ppeljan* 
op pumep bopme* 
hpilum ic ^epeopbum- 
pmcap la^ije* 


I was an armed warrior^ 

now me proud covers 

the young serving man 

with gold and silver, 

with crooked wire bendings; 

sometimes men kiss me ; 

sometimes I to battle 

with voice summon 

the ready comrades ; 
10 sometimes the steed bears 

me o'er the boundary ; 

sometimes the vessel 

conveys me o'er the floods, 

bright with ornaments ; 

sometimes a maiden 

fills my 

bosom, one with rings adom'd ; 

sometimes / must on tables, 

hard, headless, 
90 solitary lie ; 

sometimes I hang, 

with ornaments adom'd, 

splendid on the wall, 

where men drink, 

a goodly war- vest ; 

sometimes warriors 

on horseback bear me ; 

then with wind I must, 

resplendent, swell 
so from some one*s bosom ; 

sometimes I to feaslings 

men invite. 

19. Lit. the lea-hone. 



plonce to pme« 
hpilum piia]>]>um j*ceal< 
pfcepae miiijie* 
pojiftolen bpebban* 
flyman peonb-pceaj^an 
pjuje hpaec ic hacre :• 

proud oneSf to wine ; 

Bometimes from enemies I shall^ 

with my voice, 

the stolen rescue, 

make flee the hostile spoiler. 

Find out what I am call'd. 

)>alp If mm hpit* 
;] heapob pealo* 
piban ppa pome- 
ppipt ic eom on pej^e* 
beabo-paepen bepe- 
me on bsece ptanba'S- 
hep ppylce ppeon. 
leojium hhpa'S tu* 
eapan opep eajum* 
opbum ic pteppe* 
m jpenne jpaep. 
me htS jypn pitob* 
pp mec onhsele- 
an onpinbe^* 
pael-jpim pija* 
^Beji ic pic buje- 
bolb mib beapnum- 
3 ic bibe J^aep. 
nub jeojuiS-cnople. 
hponne ^ffipt cume- 
to bujium nunfi- 
lum bi}? bea% pitob* 
pop]H>n ic pceal op e^le 
eapojian nmie* 

10. MS. fpift. 
23. MS. blob. 


[104 b,] My neck is white, 

and my head dun, 

so also my sides ; 
10 swift I am of pace, 

a war-weapon bear, 

on my back stand 

hairs like to a swine's ; 

from my cheeks rise two 

ears over my eyes ; 

on points I step 

on to the green grass : 

for me is a snare assigned, 

if me unluckily 
Qo one shall find, 

a cruel warrior, 

where I a house inhabit, 

a dwelling with my children, 

and I abide there, 

with my young progeny. 

When a guest comes 

to my doors, 

to them is death decreed ; 

therefore I must from home 
90 ray children, 

IS. r. haeji jpylce jyyne. 

88. to theiDy i. e. to the children. 



}:oiiht-mob fepjan • 

pleame nejijan* 

jip he me aepteppeajib* 

eallef peopJ^e^S- 

hine bejiaiS bjxeorfc. 

ic hij* biban ne beaji* 

jiej^ef on jepuman. 

nele ^ jiaeb ceale* 

ac ic fceal pjiomkce* 


J^ujih fteapne beojxj- 

ftjiaece pypcan* 

eaj?e ic maej pjieopa- 

peojih jenejijan. 

jip ic m»j-bupje mot- 

mine jelseban* 

on bejolne pej- 

J^ujih bum )^ypel. 

ppaepe *] jepibbe- 

ic me pJ?J?an ne J^eapp- 

pael-hpelpej' pij- 

pihc onpitt^an* 

jip pe ni'S-pceaJ?a« 

neappe p^^je- 

me on ppaj?e pece]?. 

ne to^fBdlep hi* 

on J?am jejn-paj^e- 


p)?)?an ic Jmph hyllep. 

hpop jep«ce- 

;j J?uph hept hpine. 

hilbe pilum* 


)?am ^e ic lonje pleah : 

5. hi ne hejiefi ? 
2S. MS. jifne. 

timid^ convey, 

save by flight ; 

if he after me 

earnestly shall be 

them the breast will not bear. 

I dare not await him 

fierce in my place, 

good counsel wills not that ; 

but I shall strenuously, 
10 with my feet, 

through a steep mountain, 

work a road. 

I can easily the frees' 

life save, 

if I my family may 


on a secret way, 

through a dim hole, 

my dear and kindred ones. 
90 I need not then myself 

for the slaughter-whelp's warfare 

aught aMct ; 

if the deadly foe, 

in the narrow way, 

seek my track, 

it will not well befall him 

in the counter path 

of hostile meeting, 

when I through the hill's 
30 summit reach, 

and vigorously touch, 

with shafts of war, 

my hateful foes, 

from whom I long had fled. 

6. MS. bibban. 
SI. MS. hjimo. 

18. r. t>iin. 





Ojzt ic fceal pi]? pa^e pinnaii* 

3 yi^ pinbe feohttai' 

fomob fvS ^ psecce* 

'pen ic pecan jepice- 

eop]?an y]mm ]?eaht* 

me bi)' pe et^el pjiembe* [105 a.J 

ic beom ptjionj J?«p jepinnep. 

jip ic ptille peojiJ?e. 

jip me J?8ep to-pa&le'S* 

hi bee's jyiYjian y&k ic« 

^ mec phtenbe* 

pona plymaS* 

pilla'S oj'pepjan* 

]?»t ic ppij^ian pceal- 

ic him f pojiptonbe* 

pp mm pteopc )H>la*8« 

T mec pcij?ne. 

piS ptanap motx>n* 

paepte jehabban* 

ppi^e hpaet ic hatte :• 


Oft with the wave I must contend^ 

and against the wind fight^ 

against them together strive, 

when I go to visit 

the earth with billows covered: 

the land is strange to me» 

1 am strong in the strife, 

if I am still ; 

if it well befall me, 

they are more powerful than I, 

and tearing me, 

soon put me to flight. 

They will bear me away, 

that I shall protect them $ 

I hinder them from that, 

if my tul suffers, 

and me rigid, 

against the stones, they can 

fast retain. 

Say what I am called. 


Ic eom munb-bopa* 
nmijie heojibe* 
eoboji pipum paept* 
mnan jepylleb* 
bsej-tibum opt* 
ppsete ppepe-bpojan 


I am the protector 

of my flock, 

(MH enclosure with wires firm, 

filled within 

with people's treasures. 

In day-time oft 

/ spit dread of spears ) 

20. MS. hietee. 



j-peb bij? J^y majie* 
pylle minpe* . 
pjieo yiRt bihealbe'S- 
hu me op hpipe pleo^a'S* 
hylbe pilap • 
hpilum ic fpeapcum* 
fpeljan onjinne* 
bpunum beabo-psepnum* 
bitjium ojibum* 
ejlum attoji-fpejium* 
If mm mna% til* 
pomb-hopb plitnj* 
ploncu beope* 
men jemunan* 
yiRt me J^ujih muy pipe% :< 


my speed is the greater 

from my fullness. 

My master beholds 

how from my belly fly 

the shafts of battle. 

Sometimes I with swart 

begin to swell, 

with brown y war-weapons^ 

with bitter points, 

dire venom'd spears. 

My inside is good, 

my intestines comely, 

to the proud dear : 

men remember 

what through my mouth passes. 


Ic eom punbejihcu piht 
ne m»2 pojib fpjiecan- 
maelban yxyfi monnum* 
^eah ic mu)? haebbe* 
pibe pombe* 
ic pep on ceole* 

*] nunep cnoplep ma* 

* * * 


I am a wonderous being, 
words I cannot speak, 
utter before men, 
though I have a mouth, 
a wide belly. 
I was in a vessel, 

and of my progeny more, 

* * * 




Ic reah -A R I^ N ' hyje 
heapob beojihtne* [ploncne 

fpijzcne opeji f«l-ponj. 
fpij?e J^jiaejan- 
hsepbe him od bftfcge' 


naejlebne pab- ) a M P- 
pib-laffc }:epebe« 
jiyne ftjionj on pabe* 

ixopne-h^f f^^N- 

pop paef ^ beojihcpe* 

* * * 

j^ylcjia pp'pst' 
jtija hpset ic hatte :• 


I saw a Sroh of spirit proud, 

bright of head, 

swift, o'er the fertile plain, 

vigorously running. 

He had behind him 

a NoM bold in war, 

a nail'd rad-agkw 

he bore far away, 

strong of course, in the chariot, 

a proud Cofoah : 

the course was the brighter, 

• * * 

the journey of such. 
Say what I am callM. 


Ic eom punbepkcu piht. 
on ^epm pceapen* 
fpean mmum leop- 

by]ine ip mm bleo-ptj. 
ppylce beopht peomab* 
pip ymb }?one pael-jim- 
)?e me palbenb ^eap* 


I am a wonderful being, 

in strife fashion^, 

to my master dear, 

fairly equip'd : 

my corselet is party-colour'd, 

bright, seamM as it were 

with wire about the death-gem, 

which me the Powerful gave. 

3. MS. rjijrtne. 7. r. • iXMP • and NGEW. 

10. r. 1^^^KN• and COFAH. n. Here a line is wanting, 

so. pijie or pijium ? jcel-snimman ?, or is jsel-^im a periphrasis for byjine? 



)*e me pibjalum* 

piyvX hpilum* 

jrylfum to jiice* 

}>on ic )inc peje* 

Jmjih hluttepne bae;* 

honb-peopc ]ini)^a« 

;olb opep ^eajiba]** 

Oft; ic jaefC-bejienb- 

cpelle comp-pepnu* 

cyninj mec xyppe^S^ 

pnce •] peolfpe. 

^ mec on pele feojipeX' 

ne pyjineS pojib lojief • 

yifun mseneS- 

muie foji men^o* 

ysBji by meobu bpinca*8* 

healbe^ me on hea]H>iie« 

hpilum laete'S ejrc* 


on jejiiim fceacan* 


Oft ic o)^mn fcob* 

fjiecne set hif pjieonbe* 

pah eom ic pibe* 

pepnum apyjijeb* 

ic me penan ne J^eajif • 

ptet me beajin pjiaece* 

on bonan peope* 

pf me 2pompa hpylc* 

ju)^ jensBje^- 

ne peopJ'e'S po ms^-bup;- 


eapopan mmmn* 

)^ ic aeptep poc* 

njmj'e ic hlapopbleaj** 

hpeopfan mote* 

who me at distant 

periods directs 

to power. 

Then I bear treasure^ 

through the clear day, 

hand- work of smiths, 

gold over men's houses. 

Oft I the Uving 

kill with battle -weapons : 
10 the king me adorns 

with treasure and silver, 

and me in his hall honours, 

denies not words of praise, 

my courses celebrates 

before the many, 

where they drink mead : 

holds me in restraint, 

sometfmes again lets me, 

of riding weary, 
90 go at large, 

stout in warfare. 

Oft I have another injured 

wickedly with his friend. 

Hostile I am widely, 

with weapons warded off. 

I dare not hope, 

that a child avenge me 

on the murderer's life, 

if me some foe 
90 in war assail. 

The family will not be 


with my oflSspring, 

which I shall after have begotten, 

unless I lordless 

may depart, 

2 D 



fjiom y& healbenbe* 
]^ me hpin^af ^eap* 
me htS fopiS pit:ob* 
jij: ic jzpean hype- 
'pi^e ppemme- 
fpa ic jien bybe* 
mmu peobne on {'onC' 
)^8et ic )?olian fceal* 
ic yip bpybe ne mot* 
h»meb habban- 
ac me pay hyht-ple^an* 
jeno pypneiS. 
fe mec ^eapo on* 
benbe lejbe* 
popj'on ic bpucan fceal- 
on hajofcealbe* 
hsdlepa, jeftpeona* 
ojzt ic pipum boL 
pipe abelje . 
pome hype piUan- 
heo me pom-j^pece^- 
pIoce% hype polmum* 
ppena]' mec popbum- 
mi^ob tele's- 
ic ne jyme faej* compej* • 

from the protector^ 

who me rings gave. 

I am forthwith reproach'd^ 

if I my master obey, 

war promote, 

as I yet have done, 

in gratitude to my master. 

That I shall lack 

10 with a bride I may not 

have intercourse, 

for me this solace 

yet denies 

he who on me formerly 

laid bonds ; 

therefore I shall enjoy, 

in celibacy 

men's treasures. 

Oft I foolish with ornaments 
90 a woman irritate, 

frustrate her will ; 

she me reviles, 

claps with her hands, 

defames me with her words, 

evil utters ; 

I care not for the strife. 

S5. Lit. smgs. 

S6. Here a leaf of the MS. Sa endanlly waaliiig'. 



Neb If mm nij^ejipeajib 
neol ic pejie- 
T be jjiunbe jji«j:e- 
jeonje fpa me pij'aiS. 
haji-boltef peonb* 
*] hlap>jib mm* 
poh pejielS- 
peajib »c fceopte. 
pjuja]' on ponje- 
pejelS mec ^ )^. 
fape)' 6n fpeelS mtn- 
ic pnyj^ije j:oji^» 
bjiunjen op beame* 
bunben qisejxe* 
pe^en on pae^ne* 
haebbe pmibjia pela* 
me bi]' jonjenbpe- 
^pene on healpe* 
^ mm fpffi'S fpeotol- 
]7eapt on o]^e« 
me l^ujih hpycj pjxecen* 
honxa* mibeji. 
in oii]H>nc pil* 
oj^eji on heapbe* 
jaejt; *] fop'Speajib- 
pealle]^ on pban* 
^ ic toj'um t:ejie« 
-pp me ceala J^na)'* 
]wt bi]^ hlapojib mm :• 


[106 a.] My face is downward, 
prone I go, 

and along the gromid dig, 
as me a youth directs, 
the hoar wood's foe ; 
and my master 
goes bent, 

a guardian at my tail 
drives me on the field, 

10 moves and impels me, 
sows on my track. 
I hasten forth, 
brought from a tree, 
bound by craft, 
borne on a wain. 
I have wonders many,— 
to me going there is 
green on one side, 
and my track manifest, 

90 black on the other. 

Through my back driven, 

hangs beneath 

one curious dart, 

another on my head ; 

fast and forward 

falls at my side 

what with teeth I tear, 

if me well serve 


30 he who is my master. 

4. ^eon^? 
13. MS. beajime. 

18. jnyjuse? 

so. je ^e for ]>set: ? 

2 D 2 




Etfomne qnnn* 

Together came 

LX. monna* 

sixty men 

to psej-fcaejw- 

to the wave-shore. 

picjiuii pib&n* 

on horses riding ; 

hffifbon XI. 

they had eleven 


{the associates) 



IIII. fceamaf • 

four white ones. 

ne meahton majo-pincaf • 

These comrades could not 

opeji mepe j^olan* 

10 pass o'er the sea. 

fpa hi pmbebon- 

as they desir'd. 

ac peef plob to beop* 

for the flood was too deep. 

afcol y]^a ;e)ijiaK:> 

dire the biUows' force. 

ofjiaf he£« 

the shores high. 

jtpeamaf ftpon^e* 

the streams strong. 

onsimnon ptijan ]?a* 

Besolv'd then to mount 

on pKjn pepa]*« 

the men on a wain. 

"] hypa pic; pomob* 

and their horses together ; 

hloban unbep hpunje- 

they loaded amid the wave, 

)m )^ hopp o'Sbaep* 

90 which bore away the horses. 

eh ^ eoplap* 

the steeds, and men 

spcum bealle* 

arm'd with spears. 

opep paetpep byht* 

over the water's swell, 

paejn to lanbe* 

^Atf wain to land; 

ppa hine oxa ne teah* 

so that no ox drew it. 

ne epna ma^n* 

nor power of men. 

ne p»t henjept. 

nor fat stallion. 

ne on plobe ppom* 

nor swam it on the flood. 

ne be ^unbe pob- 

nor on the ground waded 

jej-tum unbep* 

30 under its guests. 

ne lapi bpepbe* 

nor did the water drive it, 

1. r. JEt-jamne cpomon. 

1. irynb-? 8. Ger. Schimmel? 

10. jpejianf 

21. eohar? 



ne Of lyjite jJea;* 
ne unbep-bsec cyjibe* 
bpohte hp»]^pe* 
beopnaf ojzep bupnan* 
*] hyjia bloncan mib* 
Fpom ftseSe heaum- 
psdt by ftopan up* 
on o]?ejuie- 
pepaf Of pseje- 
•J hypa picj jepunb :• 

nor flew it on the air, 
nor turn*d back^ 
yet it brought 
the men over the bourne, 
and their horses with them, 
from the high shore, 
so that they step'd up 
on to the other, 
[106 A.] the bold 

10 men from the wave, 
and their horses sound. 

Ajop If mm noma. 

ejifc onhpyppeb- 

ic eom ppsethc piht* 

on ^epm pceapen* 

^5n ic onbuje. 

^ me op bopme papeS* 

settpen onja* 

ic beom eall jeapo* 

|>8ec ic me ^ peoph-bealo< 

peop appape* 

p]^)?an me pe palbenb* 

pe me ^eet pifce jepcop. 

ledpo poplaete'S* 

ic beo lenjpe )^n »p« 

o]?}?8e& ic ppaefcC' 

ppdbe jeblonben* 

eal pelo atcop- 

ytet 10 »p jeap* 

ne to jonje^J Ji»p. 

1. on? 
18. MS. see jienonja. 



transposed : 

I am a curious creature, 

formed in strife. 

When I bend, 

'and from my bosom comes 

on envenom'd sting, 

I am all ready 
!» that I that deadly eril from me 

sweep afar. 

When the Powerful, 

who in me that evil created, 

my limbs permits, 

I am longer than before, 

until I spit, 

with destruction blended, 

all the fell venom, 

which I crafty before * 
30 Thus it will not go 

3. MS. ont>eji. 
39. The verb here seems wanting. 



jumena hpylcum* 

senijum ea]?e- 

faefc ic J?»p ymb-fppite< 

pf hme hjiine'S* 

f me Of hjupe pleojcB. 

yiBt )K)ne man-bpinc* 

inse^ne jeceapa'S* 

pull pejx jaefte. 

jieojie jine- 

nelle ic unbunben* 

aenipim hypan* 

nym)?e feajio f«leb. 

faja hpaec ic hatte :• 


with any man 

soever easily, 

that I there spirt about^ 

if him touches 

what from my belly flies, 

so that that deadly drink 

he violently buys, 

tAe cup inevitably, 

with his life. 

Unbound I will not 

any obey, 

except cunningly tied. 

Say what I am call'd. 

Ic eom punbejihcu pihc* 
pjieejue mme p^pne* 
hpdum beojice ypvL hunb 
hpdum blffit:e ppa ^ac* 
hpdum jjiaebe ppa jpY' 
hpdum ^lelle ppa hajioc* 
hpdum ic onhyjije. 
]7one happan eajm* 
julS-pijlep hleoj^oji* 
hpdum jkban jieojibe* 
mvipe jemsene- 
hpdum msepep ponj* 
J^aejx ic ^labo jicte. 

.X- mec iiemna«. 
ppylce .p.^. i\. 


I am a wonderous being, 
/ change my voice, 
sometimes /bark as a dog, 
sometimes bleat as a goat, 
sometimes cry as a goose, 
sometimes yell as a hawk, 
90 sometimes I imitate 
the dusk eagle, 
the war-bird's cry, 
sometimes in a kite's voice 
with my mouth / moan, 
sometimes /Aat;^ the mew's song, 
where I joyful sit. 

6 they name me, 
also A and R, 

3. M§. fpiiice. 

8. j:ul-hj>eji? 

15. pjiizle? 



r • jadlefterJS. 

nu ic haten eom* 
fpa J^a pex ftaj»f . 
f peotule beciia}^ :- 

O gives aid, 

Hand I. 
Now I am call'd 
as those six letters 
plainly indicate. 

Ic eom punbeplicu piht* 
pipim on hyhte- 
neah-buenbu nyt* 
nsenpim yceype* 
nym]^ bonan anunr* 
ftaj'ol nun if jreap- 
heah )tx>nbe ic on bebbe< 
neoj'an jiuh nat hpaeji* 
nepe"^ hpilum* 
pil cyjit;enu« 



ceojilep bohtoji- 
mob-plonc meople* 
^ heo on mec jpipe'S- 
jiaepeS mec on jieobne 
IxeapfS mm heapob- 
pe^eiS mec on pa&pten* 
pele]^ pona* 
mmep ^emotep* 
yepe mec neappa%- 
pip punben-locc* 
pset bi% ptet eaje :• 

[107 a.] 


Mec peonba pum* 
peope bepnyj?ebe. 
pojiulb-ptpenja bmo- 
paette pypan* 
bypbe on psecpe- 
bybe ept )?onan- 
pette on jimnan* 
J?8B|i ic ppi]?e beleap* 
hejium pBLUx pe ic hsepbe* 


Me some enemy 
cut o£F from life, 
90 of worldly strength deprived me, 
afterwards wetted me, 
dip'd me in water, 
again took me thence, 
set me in the sun, 
there I was much deprived of 
the hairs which I had. 

35. jeo^ef 



heajib mec p)?)?an* 
fna^J j'eaxef ecje» 
pabjium b^|iunben« 
pin^af peolban* 
•] mec pijlef pyn- 
jeonb fpeb-bjiopum* 
)*pyjiebe jeneahhe* 
ojieji bpunne bpepb* 
beam celje fpealj* 
ftpeamef ba&le* 
ftop eft on mec* 
ppBbe fpeapc laft- 
mec pj^l^an ppah* 
h»le^ hleo-bopbum* 
hy)^ be)?enebe* 
pepebe mec mib jolbe- 
fopjH)!! me ^lipebon* 
ppaetlic peojic f mi]ia« 
pijie bi}:on2en- 
nu )?a jejieno* 
T pe jieaba celj. 
^ J?a pulboji-jejtealb* 
pibe maejie* 
bjiyht-polca helm* 
nalep bol pite* 
pp mm beapn pepa* 
bjiucan piUa'S* 
hy be<yS J^y ^epunbpan* 
T J^ pjepaejtpan* 
heojitum ]7y hpaecpaa* 

3 Yy ^YS^ blij^an. 
pejij^e ^ ppobjian* 
habba)^ pjieonba )?y ma- 
rpsBj'jia •] ^epibbpa* 

^ cruel 091^ me then 

cut with a knife's edge. 

Separately ground 

my fingers the earthy 

and me foul swine, 

amid the bounteous drops, 

sought out busily* 

Oyer the brown brim 

a tree-branch swallowed 
10 part of the stream, 

came then on me, 

departed black of track* 

Me then covered 

a man with skreens, 

conveniently serv'd me, 

adorned me with gold ; 

for me delighted 

the curious works of smiths, 

with wire encircled ; 
90 now those ornaments, 

and the red purple, 

and glorious abodes, 

ample, great, 

a protector of nations, 

foolish / wot not. 

If me the sons of men 

will use, 

they will be the healthier, 

and the more victorious, 
30 with hearts the keener, 

and in mind the kinder, 

in soul the wiser, 

will have of friends the mor^ 

dear and near. 

4. jrolban? 

5. j;ulerpyn? 9. heam-telztki 14. Lit. shelter-boards. 




f o)^pa 3 jobpa* 

tilpa •] jefcpeoppa. 

I^a hyjia typ ^ eab. 

eftam yea's • 

*] hy Sp-fcapim- 

bffum bilecjaS* 

^ hi lupin* 

pe)^mum p&fte clyppa'S* 

jqiije hpset ic hatte* 

m}nim to nycte* lo 

nama min ij* msepe* 

h»le]mm pppe- [107 ^0 

T halix ry^F 2- 

true and good^ 

excellent and faithful, 

who their renown and happiness 

kindly will increase, 

and them with honours 

freely load, 

and them with love 

in their embraces firmly clasp. 

Find out what I am call'd 

for use to men. 

My name is great, 

to men rapacious, 

and holy itself. 

Ic eom peop% pepum* 
pibe pinben* 
bpunjen op beappum* 
;j op bupj-hleoj^u* 
op benum 3 op bunum* 
ba^ep mec poepm* 
pe]^e on hpte* 
pepebon mib hpte* 
unbep hpopep hleo- 
haele'S mec yiypan* 
baj^ban m bybene* 
nu ic eom bmbepe* 

fona peoppepe- 
epne t:o eop)^an hpilum< 
ealbne ceopl* 
]*ona f onpmbeS* 


I am precious to men, 

found far and wide, 

brought from groves, 

and from mountain-heights, 

from dells and from downs ; 

by day me bore 
90 wings in air, 

cunningly conveyed me 

under a roofs shelter; 

men me afterwards 

bathed in a tub. 

Now I am a binder, 

and a scourger, 

soon a caster ; 

I level to earth sometimes 

an old churl ; * 
ao soon shall find 


7. This line is defective ; perhaps mib is omitted after hi. 
17. beo]i2-hleo]>u? 



fej'e mec jreh'S onjean* 
•] ftS msejen-J^ij-an* 
mrnpe ^ensefte^. 
]78et he hpyc^e pceal* 
hpufan fecan* 
jij: he unjiaebef . 
aejx ne jefpice'5. 
ftjien^b bi]*tx>len* 
jrponj on fpjiaece* 
mae^ene bmumen* 
nah hif mobep ^epealb* 
}X)&a ne polma* 
ppi^e hfsst ic hatte* 
]?e on eo}i)?an ppa- 
ejnaf binbe- 
bole septep byntum* 
be ba^ef leohte :• 


he who is hostile towards me, 

and against my 

main force contends, 

that on his back he shall 

seek the earth, 

if he from mischief 

ere desist not, 

of strength bereft, 

strong in speech, 

of power depriv'd [power, 

he shall have of his mind no 

of feet or hands. 

Find out what I am callM, 

who on earth so 

bind men, 

the foolish after blows, 

by light of day. 


Bi]7 folban bsel* 
jaespe jepejipeb. 
mib "py heapbefcan. 
•] nub J^ fceappejtan. 
^ mib J?y jpymmeffcan. 
pimena jeftjieona- 
coppen j^oppen. 
cyppeb ]7yppeb. 
bunben punben- 
bteceb paeceb* 


There is of earth a part 
fairly adom'd 
with the hardest, 
and with the sharpest, 
and with the fiercest 
of men's productions, 
cut, rusted, 
turned, dried, 
bound, wound, 
bleached, agitated. 

3. ^ense^etS? 

14-17. These lines are in the MS. detached from the preceding part, begin 
with a capitali and appear altogether as a separate riddle. 

84. xj>o]ipen, the meaning of this word is rery doubtful : see note at the end of 
the Tol. 



ppseq^eb jeatpeb* 
peopiian laebeb- 
CO bujium bpyhca- 
bjieam biiS m mnan* 
q>icjia pihta* 
clenjeiS lenjeiJ. 
)?apa 'pe aeji li).^enbe« 
lonje hpile* 
pilna bpuce'S* 
•] no pl^J-fpplce^$. 
"] ]^n Bdpceji bea)w« 
beman onpnne'S* 
melban miflice* 
micel If to hycjanne* 
yifpBjicixai menii* 
hpiet yeo pibt jy :• 


adorned, equip'd, 
brought from afar 
to the doors of people. 
77ie joy it is within 
of living beings, 
adorns and lengthens 
the tedious time 
of those who ere living 
their desires enjoy, 
and contradicts not ; 
and then after death 
begins to judge, 
to declare various things. 
Much has to consider 
the sagacious man 
what this thing is. 


Ic piht jefeah* 


hopna abitpeonu* 

hu]^ laeban* 

ly]:t>]aet leohfckc* 

kptum jejieppeb- 

hu]?e to ysLxn ham* 

op )wun hepe-p^» 

polbe hype on J^epe bypi; 

bup atmibpan* 

peappum apettan* 

pp hit j^a meahte. 

Da cpom punboplicu piht< 


[108 a.] 

I saw a creature 


between its horns 

bringing spoil, 

a light air-vessel, 

skilfully devis'd, 

as spoil, to the village, 

from the highway. 

It would for itself in the town 

a bower construct, 

cunningly establish, 

if it so might be. 

Then came a wonderful being 

6. =slensetf? 

19. hojinu bii;j>eonu ? 

25. MS. j^be. 



opeji peallef hjio):* 
feo If eallum cuiS* 
eofi'S-buenbum • 
ahjiebbe )^a ph hu]^* 
^ to ham bebji»F« 
pjieccan ojieji pillan* 
jepat: hype pept }H>nan- 
pehj^um pejian* 
pop"? onecte'S*. 
buft ptonc to heofonum* 
beap peol on eopj^an* 
mhe pop? sepat* 
nssni; p)^]mn* 
pepa jepipfce. 
pBSjie pihte p? :• 


over the wall's Bummit^ 

which is known to all 

earth-dwellers : 

it rescued then the spoils 

and to its home drove it, 

urging it against its will : 

thence it departed west, 

hostilely going) 

it hastens on* 

27ltf dust stank to heaven^ 

dew fell on earth, 

night departed forth : 

no one afterwards 

of men knew 

that being's course. 

Ic eom lej b^ij- 
lace mib pmbe- 
bepunben mib pulbpe- 
pebpe jefomnab* 
pup pop^-pejep. 
•pype jebypjab. 
beapu blopenbe* 
bypnenbe jleb- 
pul opt mec jepj^ap. 
penba'S septep honbum< 
^ mec pepapT pip* 
plonce cyppa"?. 
}>on ic mec onlisebbe* 
-] hi onhnvgaLp to me- 


I am a busy flame, 
I play with the wind, 
surrounded with glory, 
in air collected, 
90 rapid of departure, 
with fire occupied, 
a blooming grove, 
a burning gleed. 
Full oft me associates 
send from hand to hand, 
so that me men and women, 
proud, kiss, 
when I raise mjrsdf, 
and they bend to me. 

29. MS. onhin^atf. 



moni^e mib miltfe* 
)wp ic monnum fceal< 
yean up-cyme« 
eabi^eije :• 

many with kindness, 
where I shall men's 
advancement increase^ 
their happiness. 



If yey mibban-jeapb' 


pifum jeplite^ab* 

ppssttum jejzpKtpab* 

Ic feah felhc* 

}>m5 pnjan. 

on paecebe piht p»f • 

pepum on jemonje* 

po haspbe psej^tom* 


m}^eppeapb peep* 

neb hype- 

pet 'J polme* 

pi^ele ^ehce* 

no hp2e}>pe pleojan maej* 

ne pela jon^an* 

hpsej^e pej'e-jeopn* 

jipemman onpnnelS- 

^ecopen cpsejrtum* 

cyppe'S ^cneahhe* 

opt 'J ;elome* 

eoplum on jemon^e- 

pceS «t pymble* 

]*8eler bibe)>- 

hponne epheo cpaepthype- [108i. 


This mid-earth is 
in various 
guises beautified, 
curiously adom'd. 
I saw a strange 
thing singing : 
the creature was in a house, 
among people ; 
it had a figure 
downward was 
its face, 

its feet and members 
like to a bird's, 
yet fly it cannot, 
nor go much, 
yet, diligent of foot, 
resolves to proceed, 
chosen in its powers : 
it turns much, 
oft and frequently, 
among men 
sits at the feast; 
awaits the time, 
]when it its craft 

18. MS. on pejium on. IS. r. yasj^em, 

15. MS. ni^ejipeajitf. 

S9. «ji is apparently an error of the scribe. 

14. punbojibcnef 
17. Lit hands. 



cy]mn mote* 
pejium on ponje* 
ne heo J^afeji pibt J^ije'S* 
)^8&f )^e bim set blif)*e* 
beopnaf habba'S* 
beoji bomef jeojm* 
hio buinb puna^« 
hpsefjie hyjie ip <m pote- 
paejep hleo]K)}i* 
pynlicn po'8-pepu. 
ppsetlic me J^uiceS* 
hu peo piht mse^e* 
popbum lacan* 
)>uph pot neoj^an* 
ppaetpeb hyppcum* 
hapa'S hype on halpe* 
)^on hio hopb papa's* 
bsep-beajum beall* 
bpoj^op pne. 
mse; mib msepie- 
micel 1)* to hyc^eone- 
pipum po'8-bopan. 
hpset [po] piht pe :• 

may make known 

among men. 

nor does it there eat aught 

of that which at their merriment 

men have. 

Beloved^ of sway desirous, 

it continues dumb, 

yet in its foot there is 

a sweet voice, 
10 a pleasant gift of song. 

Wonderous to me it seems, 

how the thing can 

sport with words, 

through its foot beneath. 

Curiously adom'd, 

it has on its neck 

(when it its treasure guards, 

with bearing-rings accoutred) 

its brethren, 
90 male with female. 

Much has to consider 

a wise orator, 

what the creature is. 


Ip fep mibban-jeapb* 


pipum jeplitejab* 

ppsettum jeppaetpab* 

p}nim peUic. 

Ic peah peapo hpeoppan- 

^pinban prS jpeote* 


This mid-earth is 

in various 

guises beautified, 

curiously adom'd, 

in its conditions wonderful. 

I saw a curious thing going about, 

grinding against the dust, 

3. on semonse? 
SO. xnsesVe or msD^bne ? 

5. MS. habbab. 
SS. f 10 18 omitted in Uie MS. 



pellenbe pajian* 
nepbe felbcu piht* 
fyne ne polme* 
exle ne eajimaf • 
fceal on anum pet* 
feapo-ceap fpiptn* 
fpi}>e pepan* 
pipan ojzep pelbaf • 
hsejzbe pela pibba* 
ma's psef on mibban* 
mon-cynne nyt. 
pepe pobbup-pelan- 
Folcfcipe bpeoje^S. 
pij^ m-pije'5. 
*j pepum jielbe"?- 
^apul ;eapa ;ehpam* 
J^sef l^e juman bpuca'S* 
pice ^ heane* 
pece pp ]m cunne* 
pif-pc^ba '^eaip* 


going yelling ; 

the wonderous thing had not 

sight nor hands, 

shoulder nor arms, 

must on one foot 

the curious thing go about, 

rapidly move, 

go o'er the fields. 

It had many ribs, 

its mouth was in the middle : 

useful to mankind, 

in its course nutritive abundance 

it to people draws, 

food bears in, 

and to men pay» 

tribute every year^ 

of what people use, 

high and low. 

Explain, if thou canst, 

thou in wise words skill'd, 

what the thing is. 


Piht cpom sepcep pe;e< 
ppaetlicu hj'an* 
cymUc ppo ceole* 
cleopobe to lonbe- 
hlmpabe hlube. 
hleahtop peep ^pypehc* 
ejeppul on eapbe* 
ec^e p»pon pceappe* 

9. MS. fella. 
14, pe^eV? 

^ thing came along the wave, 

curious, sailing, 

comely, from a vessel, 

it caird to land, 

loud sounded : 

its laughter was horrible, 

terrific in the land : 

its edges were sharp. 

IS. jrsejie? 
28. ym%et 

19. bjise^V? 

S7. MS. lefthtop. 



paef hi)* hece jpim* 
bilbe to faene* 
biteji beabo-peojica* 
bojib-peallaf ^jioj:* 
heajib ^ hij^enbe- 
het%-}iune bonb- 
f8^be feajio-cjwBfCij- 
ymb hyjie rylpiie jerceajx; 
If mm mobop* 
maejSa cyDnef • 
ysBY beojiej^tan- 
f 1)* bohtoji mm- 
eacen upbben* 
fpa ymt If aslbmn cu)^- 
ppum on folce* 
^ feo on folban fceal* 
on ealjia lonba ^^hpam* 
bffum ftx>nban :• 

[109 a.] fierce was its hate, 
in battle too slow ; 
bitter in works of war, 
bucklers it pierced, 
stem and desolating 
hatred it bound, 
said, skiU'd in guile, 
about its own nature : 
My mother is 
10 of womankind 
the dearest ; 
she is my daughter, 
magnified, exalted, 
as that is to mortals known, 
to men among people, 
so that she on earth shall, 
in every land whatever, 
in favour stand. 


Ic piht ;efeah« 
m pepa buppun* 
feo yxt peoh pebeS* 
hapfS pela tol^a- 
nebb bi)^ hype set nytte- 
n]]^ppeapb ^onjeS* 
hill's holblice- 
^ t:o ham tyh^S- 
pe]^'S ;eonb peallaf • 
pypte fece"? tSi* 
heo )>a pmbe'S- 
)?a ^e ysdyt ne bi)^. 



I saw a thing 
in the towns of men 
which feeds the cattle ; 
it has many teeth, 
has a face for use, 
downward goes, 
lays waste sedulously, 
and to home draws, 
passes over walls, 
herbs seeks ever, 
them it finds, 
those that are not fast ; 

9k reonnef 

4. Lit board-walls. 

10. MS. ma%XiA. 



Isete'S hio )^a phci^aU' 
pyptum fssfte* 
ftille ftonban* 
on fta}H>l-}H>n;e- 
beophte blican* 
blopan 3 ^opan :• 

it lets these beautify 

which are fast by the roots^ 

stand still 

on their station-field, 

brighdy gUsten, 

blow and grow. 


Mec fe paata ponj« 

punbjium ppeopi;* 

Of hif mna)?e. 

8BjUft cenbe* 

ne pat ic mec bepojihtne- 

pulle flypun* 

hssjium l^ujih heah-cpaepe* 

h:^e-Jw)ncum min. 

punbene me ne Info's peple* 

ne ic peapp bapu* 

ne J^uph l^eata jef^psecu* 

)^p»b me ne hhmmeS* 

ne 8Bt me hputenbe* 

hpipil pqufeiS. 

ne mec ohponan pceaL 

amap cnyppan^ 

pypmap mec ne Spsepan* 

pypba cpsepcmn* 

fa ye jfiolo job-pebb» 

;eacpmn ppa^aiS* 

pile mec mon hp«}>pe pe^J^ah 

pibe opep eop)>an- 

bacan pop h8ele)^u* 



Me the homid field, 

wonderously f rigid> 

from its womb 

first brought forth. 

I knew not that I was wrought 

with wool-fleeces^ 

with hairs^ by art profound^ 

in my mind's thoughts. 

I have no twined woof, 

nor have I a warp, 

nor through force of multitudes 

does the thread crackle to me | 

nor at me snorting 

does the shuttle pass ; 

nor me shall anywhere 

the weaver's rod beat i 

nor do worms me weave^ 

by the powers of nature^ 

those which the yellow silk 

for garments produce : 

yet iiath'less they will me^ 

widely o'er earth 

call before men 

S. 80 Cflsdm. p. 947| 19. re (beam) yasf pyjitum fsert. 

2 E 

S3, uma? 



hyhdic jepaebe. 
j-aja pB-cpibuin- 

;leap-po}ibum pifF«rc. [109 i6.] 
hpaet Jnj- ;epaebu jy :• 

a delightful vestment. 
Say in sooth utterances, 
through skilful thoughts^ 
wise in cunning words, 
what this vestment is. 


Ic piht jepeah- 
on peje jrejian* 
j'eo pwf ppsethce* 
punbjium jejieppeb. 
haepbe feopejie* 
fet unbeji pombe* 
^ ehtuj'e monn* 
h*p«M* pup* 

hops. ^X^ 6. 
ufon on hjiycj;e« 
haefbe tu pj^pu* 
^ tpelj: ea^an* 
^ pex heajibu* 
paja hpaet hio ps&pe* 
fiop plob-p^ap- 
ne psep ^ na pipil ana< 
ac \m^ p8Bf aejhpylce]** 
anpa jehcnep. 
hoppep ^ monnep- 
hunbep ^ pujlej'. 
^ eac pipep plite* 
]7u papt pp \\x conpt* 



I saw a creature 
on the way going, 
it was curiously, 
wonderfully, fumish'd \ 
had four 

feet under its belly, 
and an eighth man 

above on its back. 

It had two wings, 

and twelve eyes^ 

and six heads. 

Say what it was. 

It went the watery ways \ 

it was not a bird only, 

but there was of every 

one a likeness, 

of horse and of man, 

of dog and of bird, 

and eke of woman's aspect. 

Thou art able, if thou knowest, 

Ifi. MS. ebrupe. 



CO jefecjanne. 
f pe yoV pican< 
hu ptBjie pihte* 
pire jonje :• 

to say, 

that we may truly know, 
how that creature's 
nature is* 


Ic l^a pihc je^eah* 

I the creature saw. 

pomb paef on hinban* 

its belly was behind, 

ji^ij'um aJTpunten* 

with throngs swell'd up ; 

J^jn foljabe. 

a thane it followed. 

msBjen-popa man* 

an illustrious man. 

^ micel basfbe* 

10 and had much 

jejiepeb |^»]i hit pelbe. 

borne where it followed : 

)deah l^ujih hip ea;e< 

it flew through his eye. 

ne ppylceS he pymle- 

He dies not always 

}>on pyllan pceal* 

when he must give 

mna^S ysaxi o)^d« 

his inside to the other ; 

ac him efc cyme's* 

but to him again comes 

boc in bopme* 

reparation in his bosom : 

blaeb bi)^ ajiaepeb* 

his prosperity is exalted ; 


he a son begets^ 

ht& him pylpa pasbeji :• 

20 is to himself a father. 


Ic l^a pihce jepeah* 
jeojuS myppe-jpaebij. 
him on ^apol pojilet- 
peji* pjii)7enbe. 
peopeji pellan* 

I the creature saw 

of the male kind, 

41 youth of pleasure greedy : 

for his ude he let, 

his life saving, 

four fountwis 

11. fylijbe? 
2k 2 



fcipe rceotan- 

on jefceap J^otan* 

mon maj^labe* 

fefe me jepi^be feo piht< 

pj: hio jebyje*. 

buna bpiceiS. 

PF he cobipfte8. 

binbeS cpice :• 

clearly spring, 

into a vessel pour. 

7%« man spake, 

who to me said : The creature, 

if it escape, 

the hills will burst ; 

if it break in pieces, 

will bind the living. 


Gepjutu j^ecja'S* 

}>at feo piht ry. lo 

mib mon-cynne* 

miclum tibum* 

fpeotol 'J jepyne. 

funboji-cpaejit hapa'S* 

mapan micle* 

)^n hit men piten- 

heo pile ^epecan* 

pmboji s^hpylcne • [110 a.] 


^epite^ ept pepan on pej* oo 

ne brS hio nsqrpe* 

niht )wp dpjie* 

ac hio pceal pibe peph* 

ppeccan lapte* 

hamleap hpeoppan. 

no yy heanpe bi]?* 

ne hapa'S hio pot ne polm* 

ne seppe polban hpan* 

ne ea;ena» 

Writings say, 

that there is a creature 

with mankind, 


plain and visible ; 

it has special craft, 

greater by much 

than men know of : 

it will seek 

every one separately 

bearing life, 

departs again on its way : 

it is not ever 

there a second night, 

but it must always, 

with exile's track, 

homeless wander, 

yet is not the viler. 

It has nor foot nor hand, 

nor earth ever touch 'd, 

nor eyes. 

1. Ahg. scapb, O.S. scap.—- jeotan ? 
15. MS. mapam. 

12. MS. ticlum. 



ne mu'S hapt)'* 

ne pi)^ moQnum fppaece* 

ne leyrc ^aptS* 

^ S^PI^^ j^ecja'S. 

Jwfc peo fj^ eajunoft* 

ealjia pihta* 

)^pa )^e ep&ep jecynbum- 

cenneb paape* 

ne hajia'S hio paple ne peoph* 

ac bio pj^ap pceal* 

^eonb ]7ap punbop-populb* 

pibe bpeojan* 

ne hapa)^ hio blob ne ban* 

hp»)^e beapnum peapiS* 

jeonb J^ipne mibban-^eapb* 

monpun to ppoppe- 

nieppe hio heoponum hpan* 

ne to helle mot- 

ac hio pceal pibe peph* 20 


lapum bp^an* 

Ion; ip to pecjanne* 

hu h;^e ealbop-^epceap;* 

Kfceji jonje*?. 

poh pypba ^epceapu* 

Jvaet [ip] ppsetlic J^m;* 

to jepecjanne* 

po8 ip s^hpylc* 

]>apa J'e ymb ]>ap piht« ao 

popbum becneiS* 

ne hapa'S heo seni; hm« 

leopa]? epne pe-J'eah* 

PF yu. niae^e pepelan* 

3. M8.fpjisc. 
S7» ir ii added from conjecture. 

either of the two^ 
nor mouth has it, 
nor speech with men^ 
nor has it miderstanding ; 
but writings say 
that it is poorest 
of all creatures^ 
which^ afM^r their kinds, 
have been brought forth. 
10 It has nor soul nor life^ 
but it fates shall^ 
through this wonder-world^ 
amply endure. 
It has no blood nor bones^ 
yet has to children been^ 
throughout this mid-earthy 
to many, a comfort. 
Heaven it never touch'd, 
nor to hell may go, 
but it shall always 
in the King of glories' 
doctrines live. 
Long is to say, 
how its life 
afterwards goes, 
the tortuous decrees of fate. 
That is a curious thing 
to tell of: 
true is everythmg 
which, concerning this creature, 
we by words signify. 
It has not any limb, 
yet lives nevertheless. 
If thou canst riddles 

si. MS. cyninse. 
SS. MS. he hseni^. 



pecene jefecjan* 
YOpum pojibum* 
faja hpset hio hacte :• 

quickly tell, 

in true words^ 

say what it is call'd. 



6ce If j-e fcj'ppenb. 

j-e J?aj' eop]^an nu» 


"3 J?aj' poplb healbeS* 

pic ip fe peccenb* 

3 on pyhc cyninj* 

ealpa anpalba* 

eojiphn "3 heoponep. 

healbe'S ^ pealbcS. 

YfBk he yinb |>ap utan bpeoppe^* 

he mec ppaethce* [110 i.] 

pophte sec ppynij^e. 

J^a he ]>ij*ne ymbhpyjijzc 

sepepc jetce* 

het mec paeccenbe* 

punian lonje* 

^t ic ue plepe- 90 

p}?J?an ae}.-pe. 

3 mec j^emnmja* 

plaep opepjonse)?. 

beo9 eajan min* 

opej'tum becyueb. 

)npne mibban-jeapb • 

meahti; bpyhten^ 

mib hip onpalbe* 

iBshpap jrype«. 

jysL ic mib palbenbep* ao 

Eternal is the Creator 

who this earth now^ 

with firm supports^ 

and this world susUuns : 

powerful is the Ruler^ 

and rightful King, 

Sovereign of all, 

of earth and heaven ; 

He preserves and sways them, 

as he about encircles them. 

He me curiously 

wrought at the beginning, 

when he this orb 

first placed ; 

bade me watching 

long continue, 

so that I should sleep not 

ever after ; 

but me suddenly 

sleep overcomes, 

my eyes are 

quickly clos'd. 

This mid-earth 

the mighty Lord, 

with his power, 

everywhere directs j 

so I9 with tbe Supreme's 

22. "J for ac ? 



pojibe ealne* 

JnjTie ymbhpypp; utan* 


ic eom to {'On blea%* 

pdst mec bealbbce mae;^ 

^eajiu jonjenbe* 

^ma abjie^an* 

^ eopojie eom. 

ae^bpsep cenpa. 

]>oii be ^eboljen* 

bib-jrteal pepcS. 

ne mae; mec opepfpij^an* 


aem; ojieji eojij'an* 

nyml'e pe ana job* 

pe ]npne bean heopn- 

bealbe]? ^ pealbe}>« 

ic eom on ptenee* 

ptpenjgie }?6n jiicelp. 

oype pope jy. 

on eopj^an tyjip. 

pynhc peaxeiS* 

ic eom ppaeptpe )^n heo< 

)^ah ]^ like py. 

leop mon-cynne* 

beopht on blopcman- 

ic eom be^e ]^n beo* 

ppylce ic napbep ptenc- 

nybe opepppi]7e. 

mib mmpe jTetnej'j^e. 

pymle a^bpaep. 

^ ic puipe eom* 

)^n ]np pen ppeap^* 

^ hep yple* 

word^ all 

this orb about 


I am so gentle, 

tbat me boldly may, 

ready going, 

a pbantom draw along : 

and than a wild boar / am 

everywhere bolder, 
10 when he angry 

makes a stand. 

Me may not overpower 


any on earth, 

save God alone, 

who this high heaven 

holds and sways. 

I am in odomr 

stronger than incense, 
M or the rose is, 

which on earth's turf 

pleasant grows ; 

I am more delicate than it. 

Though that the lily be 

dear to mankind, 

bright in its blossom, 

I am better than it. 

80 I the nard's odour 

needs overpower 
ao with my sweetness, 

ever everywhere ; 

and I am fouler 

than this swart fen, 

that here ill 

13. Lit banner-bearers. 




ftbelan jinnee's* 

eal ic unbeji heoponef • 

hfehjipce pecce« 

fpa me leof pebep* 

bejibe set pjiym]^* 

y«t 10 )^a nub pyhce* 

peccan mofte* 

^icce 'J )^ne* 

)itui;a jehpylcej'^ 


asjhpaep healbe. 

hyppe ic eom heopone- 

hsxxip mec heah-cynmj* 

hif bea^ol )nn;* 

bype bihealban* 

eac ic unbep eopjxan* 

eal fceapi^e* 

pom-ppa9-|x;papi- [111 a.] 

ppal^pa 2«fca* 

ic eom micle ylbpa- « 

)^n ymbhpyppt ]^f • 

^)^N Hr nubban-jeapb- 
meahce jepeop]mn- 
T 10 pepcpon paep. 
^eonj acenneb* 
maspe to monnum* 
)mph minpe mobop hpif* 
10 eom fiejeppe- 
Fpaetpum ;olbef • 
J'eah hit mon afep^e^ 
pipum utan* 
10 eom pyppliope JtSq* 
}^f pubu pila* 
o'S'Se ]nf papo'S« 


smells of filth. 

I all under heaven's 

eurouit govern, 

as my dear Father me 

taught at the banning, 

that I them lawfidly 

might govern^ 

thiok and thin. 

Of everything 

the likeness 

/everywhere possess. 

Higher I am than heaven. 

Me the High King calls 

his secret thing, 

choicely preserved. 

Also I under earth 

all survey, 

the foul penal caverns 

of malignant sprites. 

I am by much older 

than this universe, 

or this mid-earth 

might be, 

and I was yesterday 

young brought forth, 

great to men, 

through my mother's womb. 

I am fairer 

than ornament of gold, 

though it be cover'd 

with wires without. 

I am vUer than 

this rotten wood, 

or this weed. 

15. bihealden? 

19. MS. jejca. 

21. MS. faj. 



]^ hep apoppen- 

lije'S in eofi^an' 

eom ae^hpep bpaebpe* 

T pibjielpa- 

)?on Jwf pon; ^ena* 

jzolm mec mae^ bipon- 

1 pnjpap J^py. 

utan eape' 

ealle ymb-clyppan* 

beapbpa ic eom ^ calbpa< 

fen pe heapba popjt:. 

hpim heopu jpimma* 

l^n he to hpupan cyme's. 



leohtan leoman* 

leje haepa* 

ic eom on joman* 

jena fpet:pa« 

]^n )m beo-bpeab. 

blenbe mib huni^e* 

ppylce ic eom ppa)^pe« 

pSu pepmob py* 

hep on hypptum* 

heapepe ptonbe}^. 

ic mepan mae;* 


^ epn etan« 

ealbwn )7ppe* 

T ic jepaehj maej. 

pymle hpjan* 

]^ah ic aetep ne py. 

aeppe to peope* 

ic ma^ ppomhcop- 

pleojan ]H>n p'nex* 


which here cast forth 

lies on the earth. 

/ am everywhere broader, 

and more spacious^ 

than this green plain ; 

the hand may grasp me^ 

and three fingers^ 

easily about^ 

clasp me all aroimd. 

Harder I am and colder 

than the hard frost, 

bitter-cold rime, 

when to earth it comes ; 

than Vulcan's 



than flame, hotter. 

I am on the palate 

yet sweeter, 

than i/thoxk honey-comb 

blendedst with honey 5 

so also I am bitterer 

than wormwood is, 

which here in the hursts 

dusky stands. 

I can feast 

more heartily, 

and also eat, 

than an old giant ; 

and I happy can 

always live, 

though I partake not food 

through all my life. 

I can more stoutly 

fly than the rapid 

29. ^fjife? 





oype eapn oype bapoc« 

aejipe meahte* 

nif zejrjzepttf • 

fe ]7i]:ta pinb* 

^mt fpa frjiomlice mae;* 

fepan a^hpa^p« 

me If jTiaejl jyipcptL' 

jnelpa }>on pejn-pypm- 

^ pen-yce. 

pope hpe|;pe« lo 

ip |wp jopep piinu* 

jon^e hpaebpa* 

J^one pe pqzei* 

popbu nemna^* [111 &•] 

hep^epe ic eom micle* 

]>dii fe hapapt:an« 

o^lpe unlytel* 

leabep clymppe- 

leohtpe ic eom mide* 

]H>n J^ef lyrla pypm* » 

]>e hep on plonbe ^^fi* 

potum bpyje* 

plmt:e ic eom heapbpa* 

fe ^ly J7P bpipe|?. 

op l^ifpim ftpon^an- 

ptyle heapban* 

hnefcpe ic eom micle* 

haljTie pe]^e* 

peo hep on pmbe- 

psepe'S on lypte* 30 

iC eop)>an eom* 

a^hpaap bpsebpe* 

tJ pibjelpa* 

'pan peY ponj jpena* 

ic utxxyji eal* 

8. MS. fneljio. — je for >on ? 

or eagle or hawk 

ever could. 

It is not Zephymsy 

the swift windy 

that so stoutly can 

go everywhere. 

Than me a snail is swifter^ 

also quicker a rain-worm^ 

and tAe fen-frog 

in its course 'more rapid. 

The son of muck is 

in its gait quicker^ 

which we beetle 

name in words. 

I am heavier by much 

than the hoar stone, 

or a huge mass 

of lead more lumpbh. 

Lighter I am by much 

than this little worm, 

which here on the river goes 

dry of feet. 

Than flint I 'm harder, 

which this fire drives 

from this strong 

hard steel. 

Softer I am by much 

than neck plumage, 

which here in the wmd 

waves in air. 

Than the earth I am 

everywhere broader, 

and more spacious 

than this green plain. 

I all without 

11. MS. ic. SI. jplobe? 



pjiaeclice- jepejren • 
punboji-cpaejzte • 
nip unbep me- 

piht palbenbjie* 

on poplb-lipe* 

ic eom upop* 

ealpa jepceapca* 

];apa ]?e pophte* 

palbenb u]*ep* 

pe mec ana mae;* 

ecan meahtum* 

2e]won J>pymme. 

pjBt ic onpinnan ne pceal* 

mapa ic eom ^ jrpenjpa* 

yon pe micla bpael* 

pel?e xappecjep. 

2punb bihealbe'S* 

)7>eaptan pyne. 

ic eom ppij'pe J'on he* 

ppylce ic eom on masjne* 

mmum laep]*®* 
ySn pe honb-pypm. 
yepe h8ele|>a beapn< 
pecjap peapo-}?oncle« 
peaxe belp^. 
ne hapu ic m heapbe* 
hpite loccap* 
ppaepte jepunbne* 
ac ic eom pibe calu* 
ne ic bpea^a ne bpuna* 
bpucan mopte* 
ac mec bepcypebe. 


curiously woven, 

with wonder-craft. 

There is not under me 

any other 

creature more powerful 

in worldly life : 

I am above 

all creatures 
10 which hath wrought 

our Supreme, 

who alone can me 

increase in powers, 

in glory to prosper, 

so that I shall not war on him. 

Greater I am and stronger 

than the huge whale, 

which ocean's 

ground beholds 
20 with his dark eye : 

I am more powerful than he. 

So also I am in my 

strength less 

than the earth-worm, 

which children of men, 

crafty mortals, 

with knife dig up. 

I have not on my head 

white locks, 
30 delicately wound, 

for I am widely bald; 

nor brows nor lashes 

might I enjoy, 

for me depriv'd 

4. ojrcji? 

15. onpinnan? 

S4. Lit. hand-worm* 



fcyppenb eallum* 

the Creator of all ; 

nu me ppaetlice* 

now curiously 

peaxaiS on heapbe- 

grow on my head. 

f me on jefcylbpu- 

(so that on my shoulders 

fcman motan* 

they may shine. 

pil pjisethce- 

full curiously,) 

jmnbne loccap • 

curled locks. 

mapa ic eom 3 pett]ia* 

Larger I am and fatter 

}?on ama^pteb pjfin. 

than a masted swine. 

heap; bellenbe- 

10 a boar, roaring 

on boc-pfiba- 

in the beach wood. 


dusk grubbing. 

pynnum lipbe* 

that joyfully liv'd. 

^he * * 

so that he * * 

» « * 

«(> * # 


[112 a.] 

* ebnipu* 

pset ly mobbop. 

moni;pa cynna- 

J>8Br peleptan. 

f»r ppeapceptan- 

psBY beopeptan* 

ysBf ]w bpyhta beapn^ 

opep polban pceat* 

to ;epean ajen* 

ue ma^on pe hep m eop)^au 

opiht hpjan* 


that is the mother 

of many races, 

of the most excellent, 

of the swartest, 

of the dearest, 

which the children of men, 

over earth's region, 

to their delight possess. 

We may not here on earth 

at all live. 

14. Here a leaf of the MS. is manifestly wanting, containing the end of this, 
and the beginning of the following enigma. 



nymSe pe bpucen* 
J^asf pa, beajin bo's* 
^ If to ^el^ncanne 
]^eoba jehpylcum* 
pirF»rtu pepum. 
hpaet peo piht py :• 

unless we enjoy 
what those children do. 
That is to be thought on 
by every one of people, 
sagacious men, 
what the creature is. 

Ic peah pyhce* 
ppoetkce tpa* 
hpit-Ioc anpenj* 
plane unbep psebum* 
pp Jwp peopcep ppeop. 
psemne pyllo* 
ic on plette ma^* 
]mph pun-ptapap* 
pmcum pecym. 
yam ^ bee pitan* 
be^a aet-pomne* 
naman )^pa pihta* 
y»]i pceal nyb pepan- 
tpe^a o]wp* 


^ pe i[X)phta aepc* 
anan hnan* 
acap tpejen* 

10 ha^elap ppa pome* 
hpylc f»p hopb-;atep< 
ca^an cpaepte* 
l^a clamme onleac* 
l^e ^ p»bellan* 
yxS jipke menn* 
hy^e paepte heolb* 
heoptan beppi^ene* 
opj^onc-benbum • 
nu ip unbjime* 

90 pepum set pme* 
hu ^ pihte mib up* 
hean-mobe tpa* 
hatne pnbon :• 



14. MS. jpeop. 

28. MS. paej. 

so. clammax? 





Ic pat inbjiyhcne. 

8e];elum beopne* 

jiejt m jeapbum. 

|>am fe ^jumma ne mas;* 

hun;oji fcelS^aii. 

ne fe haca )7upjt:. 

ylbo ne able. 

pp him ajilice* 

efne }>enaS. 

Yepe ajan fceal* 

on )>am p^-j:ace. 

hyje funbe. 

set ham janba^ pibobe hmi* 

pifte 3 bhiye. 

cnoflef an]um« 

♦ cajie* 
pp pe epne hip hlapojibe* 
hyjieS yple. [112 i.] 

pjiean on pope* 

ne pile pophc pepan* ao 

bpojwp o];pum* 
him ]n»t bam pce'Se'S* 
pan hy ppom beapme* 
bejen hpeoppa'S* 
anpe majan* 
mobbop T ppeopcop* 
mon yepe pdle. 
cype cyne-popbum* 
hu pe cuma hacte* 30 

eSpVk pe epne. 
I^e ic hep ymb pppice :• 

I know a noble 

(to men dear,) 

guest in dwellings^ 

whom may not the grim 

hunger injure 

nor the hot thirst, 

age nor disease, 

if him honestly 

his servant serve, 

who shall have 

on the journey 

a sound mind : [him 

at home he shall find appointed 

food and happiness, 

progeny numberlesSf 

[without] care. 

If the servant his lord 

ill obey, 

his master, on journey, 

will not be formidable 

brother to other, 

that will hurt them both, 

wh^i they from the hif 

both depart 

of one kinswoman^ 

hurrj^ing away, 

mother and sister. 

Let the man who will 

make known in fitting words, 

how the guest is call'd 

or the servant, 

about whom I here speak. 

7. r. abl. 12. r. -jambne. 16. Here a word, perhaps butan, is omitted. 




pjisethc honjaiS. 
bi pepej' J>eo. 
jipean unbeji fceate 
popan If J^ypel* 
biiS j'ta}> "3 heapb* 
)*tebe hofaS jobne* 
)H)nne fe epie. 

hif ajen hjiaejl. 
opeji cneo hepeS* 
pile ^tet cuj'e hoi* 
mib hi]* han-^ellan* 
heapbe ^petan* 
ysdt he epe lanj aep 
oyt jepylbe :• 


Ic on pinole ^ejzpsejn- 
peax nat hpset* 
]nnban *] J^unian* 
l^ecene hebban* 
on )>aet ban leape* 


bpyb spapobe* 
hyje-plonc honbum- 
hpa^le ]7eahte* 
)?mbeube l^in;- 
];eobnep bohtop :• 


Pep pet 8et pine* 
mib hif pipum tpam* 
1 hip fcp^en puno* 
^ hip tpa bohtop- 
fpape jeppeoptop. 
T hype puno tpejen. 
ppeohco ppum-beapn< 
psebep psef )?8ep-inne« 
I'apa aej^linja* 
nub earn ^ nejia* 


^ man sat at wine 
with his two wives^ 
and his sons twain^ 
and his two daughters^ 
own brothers and sisters^ 
30 and their sons twain^ 
gentle first-boms. 
7%6 father was therdn 
of those youths 
with uncle and nephew. 

13. cjpne? 

S3. MS. ]yjtint»ent>e. 



ealpa psejion pfe 
eojila ^ ibefa* 
m-pttenbpa :• 

In all were five 
men and women 
sUting within. 


Mo'S^ popb ppset* 

me ]?8et )nihte* 

ppaethcu pypb* 

pa 10 yddt punbop ^eppse^n* 

)WBC pe pypm popfpealj- 

pepa peb pumep- 

feop m J>yrcpo- 

)^ymp»ptne cpibe. 

^ ]?8ep ftpanjan pta)>ol« 

pfcael-peft ne p»p. 

pihte Yy jleappa* [1 13 a.] 

pe he paxa popbu ppeal; :• 


^ moth ate words ; 

to me that seem'd 

a curious hap> 

when I that wonder heard, 

that the worm had swallow'd 

some man's saying, 

a thief in darkness, 

some noble speech, 

and the strong's * 

The stealing guest was not 

in aught the wiser, 

who the words had swallow'd. 


Ic jeppse^ pop hiele)^um* jehaele mec* 

hpmjenbe an- helpenb ;»pta* 

tophcne butan* pyne onpetan* 

tunjan tila* peaban ^olbep* 
l^eah he hlube ptepne ne cipmbe* ^uman ^albop-cpibe* 

p::ponpim popbu- 3i ^leape bej^uncan* 

pmc pop pecpim* hjjia hselo to ^obe* 

ppijenbe cpie'S- ppa pe hpm; jecpae'S :- 


16. MS. feji» 



Ic pat eapb-jiseftne- 
anne ftanban* 
beajme bumban* 
fe ojx ba^ef fpiljcS. 
Jnijih jopef honb* 
pjrjium lacum* 
hpilu mon ]?a picum* 
fe ponna t^ejn* 
rpeajifc 3 r^o-neb. 
penbcS oj^jie. 
unbejx joman him. 
Solbe byppan. 

opt pilnia'S* 
cyninjap "3 q>eiie. 
ic f cpi nu jen* 
nemnan ne pille* 
pe him to nytte ppa* 
•5 to bu;)nim bo)?- 
^ pe bumba heji* 
eopp impita* 
aep popppiljeiS :• 


I know in its dwelling fast 

one standing, 

deaf, dumb, 

who by day often swallows, 

through a crafty one's hand, 

gifts greedily. 

Sometimes to the dwellings 

the dark servant, 

swart and sallow-faced, 
10 sends others 

under his palate, 

than gold more precious, 

which nobles 

oft desire, 

kings and queens. 

I that kind now 

will not name, 

which so for its use, 

and for its state does, 
90 that here the dumb 

senseless wolf 

first swallows it 

Pija ip on eop]?an* 
punbpum acenneb* 
bpyhtum to nytte* 
op bumbum tpam* 
topht atyhteb* 
pone on teon pi^eS* 


^ warrior is on earth, 
wonderously bom, 
for use to people, 
from two dumb ones 
bright produced ; 
on whom hostilely wars 

5. zea^T^ 

93. MS. jpeji fpiljcff. 

2 F 



peonb hij* peonbe- 
j:op-p::panpie oj*- 
pip hine ppi'S* 
he him pel hepe'S. 
l>eopa)> him ^e^sepe. 
pp him J^piufS* 
maejeiS ;j maecjap • 
mib ;emete pyhte- 
pebaiS hme pa^e* 
he him ppemum ptepefi 
hpe on hppum* 
leana'S ^pimme* 
pe hme ploncne- 
peopj'an laete'S :• 


a foe with his foe. 

Though in strength excelling, oft 

a woman binds him : 

he her well obeys, 

serves her with gentleness. 

If to him minister 

lasses and lads 

moderately and fittingly, 

feed him kindly, 

he them with benefits will treat, 

with life in comforts. 

Harshly he repays 

him who him proud 

lets become. 


Ic peah pps&thce* 

puht^e peopep* 

pameb p]>ian« 

ppeapte paepan laptap* [113 bJ] 

ppajm ppi)>e blacu- 

ppipt paep on pope* ao 

pu;lum ppum)ia* 

pleotjan lypte* 

beap unbep y)>e* 

bpea; unptille* 

pmnenbe pija* 

pe him psejap taecne]^* 

opep paeteb ^olb- 

peopep eaUu :• 

I saw curious 

beings four^ 

together journeying, 

swart were their footsteps, 

their track very black. 

Swift was in course, 

than the birds more rapid, 

fljring in air ; 

dived under the waves, 

moved restlessly, 

the fighting warrior, 

who to them the ways shows 

over rich gold, 

to aU four. 

9. MS. jpeji. 
n. r. pleojan. 

91. r. fpooijia. 
96. pe^ax? 




Ic feah }iseplin;af • 
m paeceb jrejijan. 
unbeji hjioj: falef • 
heapbe tpe^en* 
pSL psejion 3enamne< 
neappum benbum* 
jaefCe co-jaebpe. 
l^apa o]?pum paep • 
an jefcenje* 
pon-pah pale* 
peo peolb hypa* 
beja p)>e* 
benbum paeptpa :• 


I saw captives 

going into a house^ 

under a mansion's roof, 

bold ones twain, 

who were held 

in pinching bonds, 


fast together^ 

of whom to the other was 

one heavy, 

a dusky female stranger, 

who control'd of them 

both the course^ 

than bonds faster. 


Ic peah on beappe* 
beam hhpiau* 
tanum tophcne* 
]7ast tpeop p8Bp on pynne 
pubu peaxenbe* 
psetep hme ;] eopj^e* 
pebban psejpe* 
o)^]wt he ppob bapim* 
on oj^pum peap'S* 
beope jeboljob* 
bumb m benbum* 
ppi]wn opep punba* 


I saw in a grove 
a tree towering, 
with branches splendid : 
that tree was in its joy, 
its wood growing, 
20 water and earth it 
bounteously fed^ 
till that it, stricken in days, 
became in another 
miserable state 
deeply wounded, 
dumb in bonds^ 
bound o'er its wounds. 

1. MS. jiaepinsa]'. 

5. senumnef 

2 f2 



ponnum hyjiftum* 
fojian ^epfisetpeb* 
nu he pecnum pa^« 
puyh hif heapbej* mas;* 
hilbe peffce. 
dpjivi pyme'S* 
opt he an yj-fc ftjiubon. 
hopb aec-jaebpe. 
hji»b p86f ^ imlset* 
ye a&ptepa* 

;i]: pe seppa p^p jenam* 
nan in neapope* 
nej^an mopte :• 


with sad trappings 

in front adom'd : 

now it to the bold a way^ 

through its head's force^ 

to another 

enemy opens. 

Oft they furiously desolated^ 

hard together : 

rapid was and quick 

the second : 

if the former took fright, . 

none into the peril 

might venture. 


)>ype cpom janjan- 

I^pi onette* 

]>ap he hie pipp^* 

paep l^papim nyt. 

ptonban m pm-pele* 

fcillic ej-ne. 

ptx)p peoppan co- 

fceopobe hpa&];pe* 

hpop h«^pfcealb-mon» 

Kt ptunba ^ehpam* [114 a.] 30 

hop hip ajen hps^l* 

pfcponj asp |?on hie o- 

honbum up- 

«) pepij JTaej' peopcep. 

panb unbep jypbelp • 

liyjie peaxan on;on* 

hype ptonbenpe* 

unbeji x^belj-e- 

pt:i]wp nat hpiet. 

^2et opt ;obe men* 

pophte hip piUan* 

pep%|mm ppeojaiS. 

pa^eban buta- 

'J mib peo bic^a'S :• 

S. ppecnam ye% ? 

4. ms^en? 6. Lit guest of war. 

7. hi on? 

8. heajit)? 16. MS. fine. 

26. MS. onnerre. 




Ic feah in heall* 
'pB&ii ha&le'S bpuncon- 
on flet bepan* 
peopeji cynna* 
pjiseclic pubu-tjieop* 
3 punben jolb. 
pmc peapo-bunben* 
3 peolppep b«l. 
3 pobe-tacn- 
pBdy up to pobepum up< 
hkebpe psepbe- 
»p he hel-papa* 
bup2 abpsece. 
ic ]?aep beamep mas;* 
ea]m pop eoplum* 
eeipelvi pec^an* 
}^8ep paep hlin ;] ac- 
3 pe heapba ip« 
^ pe pealpaholen* 
ppean pinbon ealle^ 
nyc fiet-jaebpe* 
naman habbaiS anne* 
pulp-heapeb tpeo* 
f opt psepen abseb* 
hip mon-bpyhtne* 
ma'Sm in healle* 
jolb-hilteb j7>eopb. 

nu me ^ipi'^F pebbep* 
onbppape ype- 
pe hme onmebe* 
popbum. pec^an- 
hu pe pubu hatte :• 

I saw ui a hM, 

where men were drinking, 

borne into the room, 

four kinds of things : 

a curious forest-tree ; 

and twisted gold, 

treasure cunningly bound ; 

and of silver a piece ; 

and a crucifix 
10 of him who for us to heaven up 

a ladder rear'd, 

ere he of hell's inhabitants 

the burgh burst open. 

I of this tree can, 

easily before men, 

the nature say : 

there was lime and oak, 

and the hard yew, 

and the yellow alder ; 
ao to their lord they all are 

useful together : 

they have one name, 

the wolf-head tree, 

which the weapon oft awaited 

for its lord, 

an ornament in the hall, 

a gold-hilted sword. 

Now me this riddle's 

answer show, 
30 he who may presume 

in words to say 

how the wood is caU'd. 

1. healle? 
19. O.N. oln or olun. 

17. hlint) for ]int>?. — MS. ace. 
24. ab&b? 



Ic paej- l^seji'inne* 
J^aeji ic ane jefeah* 
pinnenbe piht- 
pibo benne ;ean* 
holt hpeoppenbe* 
heal'o-jlemma pen;* 
beoppa boI;a« 
bapoj^af pa&pon» 
peo ]?8epe pihte* 
J f6 pubu feappom* 
pepte jebunben* 
hype pota pep* 
bubp»ft dpeji^ 
oJ>ep bipjo bpea;* 
leolc ou lyjite- 
hpilum lonbe neah* 
tpeop paep jetenje. 
)^am ysdji topht anjtob 
leapum bihonjen* 
ic lape ^epeah* 
minnm hlapopbe* 
ysdji heleiS bpuncon* 
)^pa plan * 
on plet bepan :• 


I was therein, 

where I saw a 

creature striving 

against wide wounds, 

the wood traversing ; 

of swords recdv'd 

deep gashes : 

darts were 

an affliction to the creature, 
10 and the wood with enj^nes 

fast bound. 

Of its feet was 

one stationary, 

the other suffered toU, 

mounted in air, 

sometimes nigh to land. 

The tree was heavy, 

on which bright it stood, 

hung with leaves. 
90 I saw the sword 

of my lord, 

where men were drinking, 

whose arrows * 

bearing into the room. 


Beop lypc bypeiS. 
lytle pihte* 
opep beop2-hleo]?a* 
ptL pmb blace ppi'Se* 

[114 A.] 

This air bears 

little creatures 

over the mountain brows ; 

they are very black. 

4. fibe benna? 9. pea? 2S. Some lines are here apparently wanting. 



jrpeajite )*aIo-pabe* 
fanjef pope* 
heapum pepa%* 
hlube cipma'S* 
tpaeba'S beapo-naejjaf < 
hpilum bup5-ralo. 
ni)^)^ beapna* 
nemnaS by jylpe :• 

swart^ sallow-coated^ 

sweet of song ; 

in swarms they go^ 

loudly cry ; 

tJiey tread th e woody promontories^ 

sometimes the city-halls 

of the sons of men. 

Name them yourselves. 


Ic pac an-pet:e* 
ellen bpeojan- 
pihc on ponje- 
pibe ne pepeiS* 
ne pela pibeiS* 
ne pleo;an mse;* 
)mph fcipne bas;* 
ne hie pcip pepeiS* 
naca nsejleb-bopb. 
nyt bi'S hpse]7pe> 
hype bpyhtne. 
monejum tibum. 
hapaiS hepjne fteopc 
heapob lytel* 
cunjan lanje. 
toiS nsenipie* 
ij-epnep bael- 
eopiS-jpaep pa&)>e'S* 
psetan ne rP^l^e)'* 
ne piht ice]?* 



I saw with one foot^ 

violence suffering, 

a creature in the plain : 

far it goes not, 

nor rides much, 

nor can it fly 

through the bright day, 

nor does a ship bear it, 

a boat, a nailM vessel ; 

yet is it useful 

to its master, 

many times. 

It has a heavy tail, 

a litUe head, 

a long tongue, 

not any tooth : 

a part of iron 

the earth-grave paces : 

liquid it swallows not, 

nor eats it aught. 

8. pope? 

19. does not alliterate with 20. ; read therefore hyjie mon-bjiyhtmei which alio 
completes the rhythm. 



j:oJ>pef ne jitfa'8. 
jrepeiS ope fpa-J^eah* 
lajo-plob on lypce* 
lijie ne pelpe'S< 
hlapojibef ppiun* 
hyjie'8 fpa-]7eana> 
)^eobne pnum. 
]?p}r pnb m naman* 
pyhce pim-ftapar- 
]?apa If pab pnpum :< 

food tV craves not^ 
yet bears it oft 
^Ae water-stream in air ; 
in life it boasts not, 
in its lord's gifts^ 
yet it obeys 
its chief: 

in its name are three 
regular runic letters^ 
10 of which BAD is the fourth. 

Ic feah m healle« 
hpinj jylbenne- 
men pceapian- 
mobum ;leape- 
pep)>];um ppobe. 
ppi}?o-ppebe baeb. 
job nepjenbe- 
2»pte pnum- 
jejfe penbe ppil^an* 
popb a&ptep cpaeiS. 
hpm; on hypebe* 
hselenb nembe* 
&ill-ppemmenbpa • 
hun tophte m jemynb 
hip bpyhtnep naman* 
bumba bpohte* 
^ m eajna jepih'S- 
;ip]?8ep a&]7elan« 
jolbep tacen* 


I saw in a hall 
a golden ring 
men beholding^ 
of soul sagacious : 
for peaceful happiness pray'd 
the preserving God^ 
for his soul, 

he who tum'd it winding : 
ao words afterwards spake 
the ring in the family, 
nam'd the Saviour 
of well-doers ; 
brightly into his mind 
his Lord's name 
the dumb one brought, 
and into his eyes' vision. 
If of this noble 
gold the token 

10. j:eo|i]?a? 

16. MS. fiiifo xpebeeb. 



onpetan cu]?e- 
bpyhc boljbon* 
J7>a Jwf beajef • 
benne q^ebon- 
ne inae; l^sejie bene* 
lenijef monnej* • 
jobef ealboji-bujij- 
j8BfC jerecan* 
jiobejia ceafcpe* 
jiebe yej^e pille* 
hu Hb^y ppsedican- 
punba cpieben* 
hjun;ef k:o h»le)nim< 
]7a he in healle p»f • 
pylceb "3 penbeb* 
plonqia polmum :• 

could understand 

80 of this ring 
the wounds spake. 
May not (that prayer 
of any man 
God's royal burgh 
the spirit seek^ 
10 the heavens' city. 

Let him divine who will 
how of this curious 
ring to men 
[115 a.] the wounds spake^ 
when in hall it was 
revolv'd and tum'd 
by the hands of men. 


Ic )>if pebb pjiece bi me< 
pil ^eomojijie- 
mmpe rylppe piS. 
ic ye&t fec^an mae^« 
hpet ic ypm]?a jebab* 
pj^l^an ic up-peox* 
mpef oy}^ ealbep* 
no ma )^n nu- 
a ic pite ponn- 
mmpa pp8ec-fi)^a* 

I of myself this lay recite 
full sadly^ 
90 my own fortune : 
I that may say, 
what miseries I've sustain'd, 
since I grew up, 
new or old, 

yet not more than now. 
Ever have I the penalty gain'd 
of my wanderings. 

2. apparently corrupt, and without an aUiterating line. — ^bjiyht-bol; b6n? 
7. un^ejpyllobpe ? 17. Lit of <A« proud. 80. minne jryljrejr? 



a&jiejt: min hla}:ojib ^epat* 

heonan Of leobum* 

ojieji y]?a ^^lac* 

haepbe ic uht-ceajie* 

hpaeji mm leob-ppuma- 

lonbef pKjie. 

Da ic me pepan jepac* 

polka's pecan* 

pmeleap ppaecca* 

poji mmjie pea-]?ea]ipe* 

onpmnon f {'a&p monnep* 

ma^ap hycjan* 

]?uph byjme je)H)hc- 

f hy tob»lben unc* 

f pit jepibojt. 

m pojmlb-juce. 

hpbon la'Skcopt* 

;] mec lonjabe* 

het mec hlapopb mm* 

hejiheapb mman* 

ahte ic leoppa lyb* 

on I?ippum lonb-ptebe* 

holbjia pjieonba* 

po]i]H)n ip min hy^e jeomop* 

]?a ic me pul jemaecne* 

monnan pmibe* 


hy^e-^eomojme • 

mob mi]?enbne* 

moji]>o]i hycjenbn^* 

bli]?e ^ebsejio* 

pil opt pit beoteban* 

]?»t unc ne jeba&lbe* 

nemne beaiS ana* 

First my lord departed 

hence from his people^ 

over the billows' play ; 

I had nightly care^ 

where my chieftain 

in the world might be. 

'When I departed journeying, 

to seek my lord^ 

a friendless exile, 
10 for my sad misery 

resolv'd this man's 

kinsmen to devise, 

through dark counsel, 

that they might part us ; 

that we most distant 

in the world's-realm 

might live, most estranged, 

and it irk'd me. 

Promised my lord, 
90 Herheard, me to take. 

I had dear ones tew, 

in this country, 

kind friends ; 

therefore is my spirit sad, 

when I to myself full like 

a man found 


sad in soul, 

his mind concealing, 
30 death meditating, 

his bearing kind. 

Full oft we promised, 

that us naught should part, 

save death alone 

8. Lit. foUowing) retainership. 

SO. MS. hjczetioe. 




opibt elle]** 

ept If )wt onbpoppen* 

If nu fpa hit no paejie- 

ppeonbfcipe imceji* 

fceal ic peoji 2<^neah- 

minef jzela leojian* 

p»bi$u bjveo^an* 

hehc mec mon punian- 

on puba beajipe* 

unbeji ac-tjieo- 

m ]^ eo]i%-fcp»j:6« 

ealb If pey eojiiS-fele. 

eal ic eom op-lon^ab* 

finbon bena bimme- [115 bJ] 

buna up-hea- 

bitjie bup^-tunap • 

bjiepum bepeaxne* 

pic pynha leap* 

pul opt mec hep ppa|?e be^eat* 

ppom-piS ppean* 20 

ppynb finb on eop]?an- 

leope hp^enbe* 
l^ep peapbiaiS* 
)?onne ic on uhtan* 
ana ^on^e* 
unbep ac-tpeo* 
jeonb )»r eopB-pcpapu. 
)wp ic pttan mot- 
fumop-lan^ne bse;* 
)wp ic pepan mse;* 
mine ppaec-p)?ap* 
eappo)?a pela* 
foppon ic »pj\e ne mae;* 
]?»pe mob-ceajie« 


naught else : 

that is agam changed, 

is now as it had not been 

our friendship. 

I must far enough 

for my much lov'd /riend 

enmities endure. 

They bid me dwell 

in the forest-grove, 

under the oak tree, 

in the eartb-cayem. 

Old is this earth-hall, 

I am all wearied : 

dim are the dells, 

the downs high, 

unpleasant the town-dwellings, 

with briars overgrown, 

the house joyless. [whelm'd 

Full oft me here heavily o'er- 

my lord's departure. 

My friends are in the earth ; 

the once dear living ones 

the grave inhabit. 

Then I ere davm 

alone go 

under the oak tree, 

among these earth-caves ; 

there I may sit 

the long summer day, 

there I can weep 

my exile-journeyings, 

my many hardships ; 

for I may never 

from my mind's 

5. MS. jeal. 

9. r. putni. 

S8. MS. jritt^am. 



muipe ^^peftan* 

ne ealle]' )wf lon^ipef' 

]?e mec on I'lJTu lijpe b^eat« 

a fcyle "S&ou^ mon pepan* 
heapb-heoptan 2e)?obk;« 
fp^lce habban fceal- 
bh)^ jebaepo- 
eac }H>n bjieof t-ceape* 
pn-ropsna jebpeaj. 
jy aet him fylpi jelon;* 
eal hif popiilbe pyn- 
jy pil pibe pah* 
peoppef polc-lonbef . 
pB^ mm ppeonb pteS* 
unbep jt:an-h]i1$e« 
ftopme behpmieb« 
pme pepij mob* 
psetpe bejilopen* 
on bpeop-pele- 
bpeo^eS fe mm pme* 
micle mob-ceape- 
he jemon to opt* 
pjuhcpan pic* 
pa bi^ p9tm ]?e pceal* 
op lanjoj^e* 
leopep abiban :• 

sorrow rest, 

nor from all the weariness 

which me in this life hath over- 

Eyer must a young man be 

sad of mind ? 

Hard-hearted's thought ! 

shall such have 

blithe looks, 

even when care of breast, 
10 constant sorrows, he should en- 
let be of himself along [dure 

all his worldly joy, 

be he full widely foe 

of the far country? 

There my friend sits, 

under a rocky shelter, 

whiten'd with the storm— 

my friend weary in spirit — 

with water whelm 'd; 
90 in Aw drear hall, 

my friend endures 

great mental care, 

he too oft remembers 

a more joyous dwelling. 

Woe is to him who must 

(from weariness) 

his friend await 

7. jpylc? 

10. r. jojija. 

15. >Bejif 





Daet jelimpan fceal- 

]wtte lapi jilopeiS- 

)dob opeji polban* 

peojief biS »c enbe- 

anjia ^ehpylcum* 

ope maej fej>e pile- 

in hif rylpef fepan* 

folS 2^]?eDcan* 

hapaiS him "gdym^eb hibeji* 

)^eoben upeji. 

on ]?am maeftan bse^e* 

mBesen-cynin^a hyhft* [116 a.] 

pile ]^n popbaepnan- 

bpe^o mon-cynnep- 

lonb niib li^e* 

ui]* t'sek; lytulu ]*ppaec- 

to jehejanne- 

hat bi% onseleb* 

pi]?]?an pyji mine's* 

polban pceatap- ao 

bypneube lij. 

beojihte jepceapfce. 

bilS eal )^p pnna ^punb* 

^leba jepylleb- 

jiepiiSL bponba- 

ppa nu juxiaiS- 

jjiom-hybje piman* 

jylpe ptjiynaS. 

hypa hlapopbe- 

That shall befall, 

that water shall flow, 

flood, over earth ; 

life shall be at end 

to every one. 

Oft may he who will, 

in his own mind, 

soothly think, 

that for him hath interceded here 

our Lord, 

on that greatest day, 

highest of mighty kings. 

Then will bum, 

the Lord of mankind 

the land with flame. 

That is no little council 

to be held : 

heat shall be kindled 

after fire seizetb 

earth's regions, 

burning flame 

the bright creation, 

all this spacious ground shall be 

fill'd with the glowing embers 

of the fierce brands, 

which ferocious men 

now rule ; 

arrogantly they gain riches 

for their lord. 

18. MS. onhaeleb. 

29. i. e. the devil. 



jehlaejef tilja*?. 

cip^t hy bef}nca8- 

fynna peapbaf • 

l^aet hi mib ]?y heape* 

helle fecaiS* 

jieo^eX nub ^ani peonbum 

km h)^ ]:^ onjean* 

bjiojdic pifce. 

Jweji nseppe b»; fcine"5. 

leohte oj: lypce. 

ac a bilocen fconbe^* 

p}pm Jiaer jaefter jpype. 

apepen peoji)?e'8. 

upan hit ]f enje* 

3 hit If innan hat- 

nif j?Kt bethc bolb- 

ac Jweji ij' bpo^a hyhft. 

ne noht hyhthc ham* 

ac ]>8ep If helle ^punb- 

]*aphc ji^'fset' 

]mm )?e pbbe jnil opt* 

tomaelbe'S mib hif mu]?e* 

ne con he ]>a mipcan ^^f ceapt 

hu hi butan enbe- 

ece ftonbeiJ. 

ySi J>e )?8eji pop hif pynnu- 

onfsejb peop)w8. 

;] ]^n a to ealbpe- 

ojUe; bpeojeiS- 

hpa If )?6n }?«r popiJ-jleap. 

oj?J?e )?8ef pela cunne* 

yxt »ppe mss^e heopona* 

heah]?u jepeccan* 

rpa jeopne Jwne jobep bsel 




falsehood cultivate, 

tiU that them deceive 

the guardians of sins, 

so that they with the multitude 

seek hen, 

flee with the fiends. 

Before them shall be fire, 

sad punishment : 

there day never shines 

bright from air, 

but ever it stands shut, 

since for the spirit's horror 

it hath been assign'd. 

Narrow it is above, 

and it within is hot ; 

that is no goodly dwelling, 

but there is of terrors deepest, 

not a joyous home, 

but there is hell's abyss, 

a painful journey 

to him who kin full oft 

betrayeth with his mouth : 

he knows not the dark creation, 

how it without end 

ever stands 

for him who for his sins 

shall be made sink therein, 

and then for evermore 

strife shall endure. 

But who is so provident, 

or so much knows 

that he ever may heaven's 

glories relate, 

so readily that God's portion. 



3. i. e. the devils. 8. bjiyjhc? or = O. S. druoui f 16. MS. blob. 

81. or peace, S4. r. heo. so. |»jie-rfeap f 8S. Lit. ezcelaa. 



rpa he s^apo ftonbe'S. 
claenum heoptum* 
yarn pe J?ifne cpibe piUa'S* 
onbjiseban ]7Uf beopne* 
fceal j*e bae; peopj^an* 
j^aet pe pop^bepalS* 
ppena ^ehpylce* 
]?eapaf ^ jej^ohtaf • 
ysdt hip I'eaplic ^^mot- 
heapblic hepe-mae^eii* [116 b,] 
hat bi]? acolob* ii 

ne bi]? ]^nne on j'ln'^ populbe* 

nym]?e paetjief ppej. 

« » * 

ppcej- epeh 

ne bi]? hep ban ne blob* 

ac fceal beapna ^ehpylc* 

mib hce ^ mib faple* 

leanef ppic^an* 

eallef pmy pe pe on 6op]^an« 

sep jepeophtan* ao 

jobep oj?}>e ^ep* 

ne ms^ nasni; SPype« 

mape jepeopj'an* 

as it stands prepared 

for clean hearts, 

for those who this lay will 

dread thus solemn. 

The day shall be, 

that we bear forth 

our every sin, 

habits and thoughts : 

that will be a vast meeting, 

an unhappy host. 

Heat shall be cool'd : 

then shall not be in this world 

save water's roar, 

* * « 

the fishes home. 

Here shall be nor bones nor blood, 

but shall every child of man^ 

with body and with soul 

the reward partake 

of all that we on earth 

ere wrought, 

of good or evil. 

Not any horror may 

be greater 

septep populbe* 
^ pe bi"? pibe cu^S* 
ne tyta)? hep tunpil* 
ac bi)? typ pcaecen* 
eop}>an blaebap- 
popl'on ic S pille* 
leobe Lepan* 


after the world, 
and it is widely known. 
Here shall no star shine forth, 
but glory shall be departed, 
the joys of earth : 
therefore I ever will 
people teach. 

13. Here a line ia evidently wanting. 

18. fjuc^an seems an error for h]eot;an, or a verb of similar import governing 
the genitive. 

S3. A line is wanting. S6. =: Dan. titteT 



)^»t hi lop 2^be]'- 

hep^an on heah]m» 

hyhtnim to pulbjie- 

hji^en on jeleapan* 

3 a lupan bjiyhtnep • 

pyjican m l^iffe populbe- 

aeji ]?on ye plonca bas;- 

bobi^e ]?ujih by man* 

bjiyne-hatne lej. 

ejfan opeji J?py- 

ne bi^ naenjef eojilef t^ji- 

lenj on J^ijjum lipe. 

p]?]?an leohtef peajib* 

opeji ealne polban paej^m* 

jryji onpenbeiJ. 

bxe'8 lyftey mse^en* 

lej onettelS* 


blob-j^ peopj^e'5. 

mon^um jemelbab* 

ma^en-cyninjef ]>pea» 

beopa'S eal beophce ^epceapt 

bjionbap lacaiS* 

on )?am beopan bse^e- 

byne'S up-heopon* 

yon pejiap ;j pip. 

populb alseta'S- 

eoji)?an fjimpU' 

peo"8 j?6n on ece jepyjihfc. 

|>6n bi"8 jecy)wb. 

hpa unclaennijje* 

hp alipbe* 

hi bi'S lean ^eapo* 

hyht paej' a m heoponum* 

that they God's praise 

exalt in th§ heavens^ 

in glory to the Highest ; 

live in belief, 

and ever the Lord's love 

work in this world, 

ere that the awful day 

proclaim through trumpet 

the hot burning flame, 
10 terror o'er the multitude. 

The glory of no man shall be 

longer in this life, 

after that light's Guardian, 

over ail earth's bosom, 

shall fire have sent. 

Gleam shall the power of .air, 

flame shall hasten, 

pale-burning ; 

bloodshed shall be 
90 announced to many, 

the anger of the mighty King ; 

tremble shall all the bright crea- 

brands shall play [tion, 

on that awfiil day 3 

heaven above shall resound, 

when men and women 

the world resign, 

the miseries of earth ; 

then on eternity they shall look, 
so then shall be made known 

who of uncleanness 

lived a life, 

to them reward shall be prepar'd. 

Joy was aye in heaven. 

S. MS. heah>u. 

s. hyhj-ruin? 



p}?]?an ufeji haelenbej* paej-. 

mibban-^^ajibef meo9ub* 

]?u]ih ]Fa m8e]t;an jefceajzt- 

on pil-blacne beam* 

bun ben jzsefte* 

ceajiian clomme* 

cpift ealle pat;« 

jobe baebe- 

no yesY Jilpan ]>eap}:* 

j^full fapel. 

f hype pe fpejl onjean* 


when our Saviour was^ 

mid-earth'8 Creator, 

throughout the vast creation, 

on the foul-pale tree 

fast bound 

with dire bond. 

Christ knoweth all 

good deeds ; 

therefore may not vaunt 

the sinful soul, 

that to it is heaven toward, 

]>on he jehyjipe? pil oj*. [117 «.]when he full oft traduceth 

halje lajie* 

bjiyjbeS on bypmeji- 

ne con he )wf bpo^an bael 

yjilep ^pec 

aefi hit hine onpealle'S* 

he ]?8et ]>on onpnbe^* 

]>on ye jaep cyme}?. 

^eonb nubban-jeajib* 

monejum jecyJ^e'S* 


holy lore, 

draweth it into derision, [terror, 

He knoweth not the portion of 

the sense of evil, 

ere it on him falls* 

He it then perceives, 

when the peril comes 

over mid-earth, 

to many shall make known, 

)'8ethebi'Son]>8et:pynpqiepeo]iub*that he shall be in that sinister 

Pypr jefceaben. 

]7dn he on )?a ppij^pan honb* 

fpican mote- 

leahtjia alypeb* 

lyt ysdt jeJ^enceiJ- 

fe]?e him pmep jla&b. 

pdna bpuce^* 

pte'8 him j^mbel-jal* 

pp ne bemupneiS* 

hu him septep J^ipj^e populbe 

peopiSan mote :• 


worse separated, [band 

than when he on the right hand 

might retire, 

from sins redeemed. 

Little that thinketh 

he who glad with wine 

his desires enjoys^ 

sits with feasting wanton, 

his lot bewails not, 

how to him after this world 

it may be* 

IS. MS. pA. 

91. MS. inoD2e3um. 

2 G 





pjlle J'onne fojipelban* 

jaejtja bjiyhcen* 

piUum Bepteji JFsepe pyjibe. 

pulbpej' ealbop« 

]?am ^e hif jynna mi- 

fape je}Fence}?. 


micle bjieojcS. 

hi ^dst ^n ^eleanaS- 

lipef palbenb* 

heopona hypbe. 

»pcep heonan ji]?e* 

jobum bsebum* 

pBey ]?e he j^a ^eomop peap^* 

papij pop hip pynnum- 

ne pceal pe to psene beon* 

ne I'lppa lapna to l»t- 

fepe him pile hpjan mib jobe 

bpucan )^»p bolbep* 

j^e up beopht paebep* 

^eajipaiS to-jeanep* 


Jwt ip jije-bpyhten. 

ye ]?one pele ppetpe'S- 

timbpe'S tophtkce* 

to pculon clsene* 

pomma leape* 

ppa pe palbenb cp»«. 

ealpa cynm^a cymn;* 

pop]>on qiicpa jehpylc* ao 


bpyhtne hypeB. 


Will then requite 

the Lord of spirits 

willingly after death, 

the Prince of glory, 

him who of his sins now 

with pain tbinketh, 

mental affliction 

great suffereth ; 

him that then will repay 

the Lord of life. 

Guardian of heaven, 

after departure hence, 

with benefits ; 

for that he was so sad, 

sorry for his sins. 

He must not be too inert^ 

nor in these precepts too slow, 

who with God will live, 

enjoy the dwelling-place 

which the bright Father 

prepareth for us, 

the Prince of spirits. 

That is the Lord of triumph 

who this hall adorneth, 

buildeth splendidly ', 

thither shall the pure, 

the stainless, go, 

as the Powerful spake, 

of all kings King. 

Therefore each living 

meditative man 

will the Lord obey, 

S. Lit. fate. 

30. MS. jepylc. 





)^apa ]>e pile heo):ona« 

heah)?u -^eytiyuk* 

hpsej'pe Jwefc jejonje'S. 

j?eah ye hifc fy jpeofce bej>eahc. 

he mib lame* [117 ^0 

yxt hit fceal hpe onjzon* 

}:eopef aejztefi polban* 

):olc bi]F ^ebonnen- 

abamef beajin* 

ealle to fpjiaece* 

bee's ]?oniie jejaebpab* 

j«jT "5 ban-pele. 

jefomnab to ]?ain p)^e« 

fo]> ]?aec pile cy]?an* 

)?on pe uj' jemitta'S. 

on ]>ain maeftan bae^e* 

pmcap set Jwepe jiobe. 

yecgeX ]^n pyhta pela* 

ealppylce imbeii beoponu jepeajiS 

hatep 3 cealbep. 

jobep oJ^|?e ffley^ 

jeojine j^hyperS- 

heopon-c^inja hybpt* 

h8ele]?a baebe* 

nd&yjie mon J^aep blube* 

hopn ajTce'B- 

ne byman ablape}^* 

JwBt ne ry peo beojibte ptepn 

ope|\ eahie mibban-jeapb* 

monnum hlubpe* 

palbenbep popb« 

poDjap beopia'S* 

pop pBxn sepenbe* 

yedt he to up eallum pat* 



who will heaven's 
heights ascend ; 
yet that shall take place, 
though it with dust be covered, 
the body with clay, 
that it shall life receive, 
soul after this earth j 
mankind shall be summon'd, 
the sons of Adam, 
all to the tribunal : 
then shall be gatherM 
soul and body, 
collected at that time : 
that will the truth make known, 
when we meet together, 
on that greatest day, 
men at the cross. 
Will say then many judgments, 
•all aa it under heaven took place, 
of hot and cold, 
of good or evil ; 
earnestly will hear 
of heaven-kings the Highest, 
men's deeds; 
never so loudly 
horn is wound, 
nor trumpet blown, 
that the clear voice be not, 
over all mid-earth, 
louder to men, 
the Powerful's words. 
The plains shall tremble 
for the message, 
which he to us all will announce. 

7. peojie? 

14. MS. cy^am. 
2 G 2 

24. MS. hselela. 



oncpe]? nu )>ijTie cpibe. 
cu]^ fceal jepeojiJ?an. 
Jwfc ic ;ef»jan ne mas;- 

^hall echo now this saying : 
manifest shall become 
what I may not say 

pyjib unbep heoponum- 
ac hit ]?uf j^elimpan ]*ceal 
leoba jehpylcum- 
opeji eall beojihc jepeeu- 
byjinenbe hj- 
p]?J>an aepteji J>am hje. 
lip hrS jejTaJ^elab. 
pelan ah m pulbpe* 
pe nu pel J^ence"? :• 


fate under heaven ; 

but it thus shall befall 

every people, 

over all the bright habitations, 

burning flame 3 

then, after the flame, 

life shall be confirmed, 

weal shall have in glory 

he who now well thinketh. 


Ahelpe mm pe halja bpyhcen 

)?u jepceope heopon ^ eop]?an 

^ punbop eall- 

mm pulbop-cynmj- 

J^sep on pmbon- 

ece bpyhfcen- 

micel ^ mamj^pealb* 

ic ]?e maepe ^ob- 

nune paple bebeobe* 

^ nunep pylpep he 

^ mm popb ^ nun peopc* 

pifcij bpyhten- 

•5 eal mm leo)?o« [118 o.] 

leoht:ep hypbe. 


Help me, holy Lord ! [earth 

thou who didst create heaven and 

and all wonders, 

my glory- Eang ! 

which are therein. 

Lord eternal ! 

great and manifold ! 

I to thee, great God ! 

my soul commend, 

and my own body, 

and my words and my works, 

sagacious Lord ! 

and all my members, 

Gkiardian of light ! 

S. Two or more lines are wanting. 

16. MS. funbop cyninj. 



' *] ]>a maiii^Fealban* 
mine 2e]?obta)** 
;etaciia me* 
cuD^la hypbe* 
JwBji relapc fy. 
faple minjie* 
to jemeajicenne* 
meotubef pillan« 
]?8et ic ^ jeJFeo* 
J'lnja jehpylce- lo 

;j on me jylpum. 
j'O'BpaBft cynmj* 
pa&b ap»jie« 
}ie2n-}>eo}: ue bet* 
on fceabe pcel^J^an* 
)?eah J?e ic fcyppenbum- 
paccop hyjibe* 
jucum bpyhcne* 
ySn mm p»b paepe* oo 

jx>ppF me CO lippe. 
lipjenbe job. 
bitpe bealo-baebe* 
ic ]?a bote jemon. 
cynmja pulbop* 
cume to jip ic mot* 
p>ppp ]>u me mm ppea* 
pepjt: 3 onbjiet* 
1 Xe}?ylb T jemynb. 
]>mja jehpylcep- so 

J^pa )>u me poj^paept cynmj- 
]*enban pylle* 
to cminmije* 
nu )^u conpt on mec* 
fipen-bseba ):ela* 
peopma mec hpsej^pe- 

and my manifold 


Signify to me. 

Guardian of the stars ! 

where it be best 

for my soul 

to observe 

my Creator's will, 

that I may live to thee 

in everything, 

and in myself, 

just King ! 

counsel raise. 

Let no arch thief 

me in darkness injure, 

though that I my Creator, 

the King of glory, 

more faintly have obey'd, 

the powerful Lord, 

than it were wise in me. 

Grant me grace, 

living God ! 

of my pernicious baleful deeds : 

I of the penalty am mindful. 

Glory of kings I 

that / may come to thee, if I can. 

Give thou me, my Lord ! 

time and understanding, 

and patience, and mindfulness 

of everything, 

which thou to me, just King ! 

wilt send 

in probation. 

Now thou knowest in me 

sinful deeds many, 

yet cherish me. 



meatob }:oji ]?injie iniltfe* 

^ah ]?e ic ma ffjiemebe* 

Jiumjia xylca- 

)>on me job lypbe. 

haebbe ic ]?dn J^eappe* 

^) ic )?me fe-]?eah- 

haljef heopon-cynmjef • 

hylbo jetilje. 

leopenbum bt^um* 

lip «pt;ep o)?pum* lo 

jefeo T jej-ece- 

]?ffit me p]?]7an ]?«p* 

umie apjiaeft job* 

ecan bpeamep • 

lip alyjze* 

]^ah }^ laethcop* 

bette bealo-bsbe- 

]^n bibobu paepou- 

haljan heopon-maejnef • 

hpa&t ]?u me hep pela jropjeape- 

« » * 

2efett;e mmne hylic on )^e€- 3i 

jiophte pope-]H>nca]** 

l^aet hio jaefthce* 

fConbe 2e)t:a'Selab* 

onjt^p mmne hije* 

2»fca job cynmj* 

m jeapone p^* [118 bJ] 

nu ic pmbije to ye* 

pebep mon-cynnef • 

op l^ifpe populbe* ao 

nu ic pat f ic fceal* 

pal unjzyp paca* 

jreopma me pan' 

Lord ! for thy mercy, [more 

though that I have perpetrated 

dread crimes 

than me God permitted : 

I have then need, 

that I, nath'lesB, thy, 

holy King of heaven 1 

grace cultivate, 

in my transient days. 

A life after the other 

/ see and seek, 

that me afterwards there 

the merciful God will grant, 

of everlasting joy ; 

life allow me, 

though / more slowly 

have repaired my baleful deeds, 

than were the behests 

of the holy heavenly Power. 

Yes ! thou here gav*st me much^ 

» » * 

placed my hope in thee, 
my dread forethoughts, 
that they fastly 
stand confirmed. 
Imbue my mind, 
God, King of spirits ! 
with ready counsel. 
Now I hasten to thee. 
Father of mankind ! 
from this world ; 
now I know that I shall 

sustain me then. 

20. A line or more is here evidently lost. 



pypba palbenb* 

m ]>inne pulbop-bjieam* 

*] mec ^eleojian l»c« 

leoppa bjiybten* 

^eoca minef J^ftef • 

}^n 1]* 2poinjia co jrela* 

sepeftum eaben. 

haebbe ic ]>ODne* 

»& jrjiean fpojrpe* 

'peah ]?e ic »)i on ji^fte lyt* lo 

eapnobe ajina* 

poplfet mec en^lap ]^-]?eah* 

jeniman on }^inne neapejt:* 

nepjenbe cyninj- 

meoinib pop )nnpe milcpe* 

}^eah %e ic mana pela* 

Ruler of destinies I 

in thy glorious joy, 

and let me depart ; 

Lord of the good ! 

save my souL 

When too many hostile ones 

enviously have assail'd me, 

I have then 

in the Lord comfort; 

though that I ere in my time little 

merited of mercies, 

yet let angels me 

into thy presence take. 

Saviour King 1 

Lord ! for thy mercy, 

though that I many crimes 

septep bo^um bybe* [{^eah* did from day to day, 

ne Iset ]m mec uaeppe beopol j-e* yet let thou the devil never me, 

)nn hm Leban- 
on laiSne p'S* 

py l»f hi on )K>ne po]ie-)K)nc 
jepeon motan* 
yy )?e h;^ him py^F^' 
pellan ]nihten* 
en^lap opephybije- 
)^n ece cpipt* 

thy limb, lead 
20 on a hateful journey, 

lest they in that presumption 

may rejoice, 

for that they to themselves 

seem'd better, 

the overweening angels, 

than Christ eternal : [belief^ 

jelujon hy him ast ]Fam jeleapan* they deceived themselves in that 


pop]>on by lon^e pculon- 

pep^e pihta* 

ppsece ]?popian« 

popptonb ]?u mec ^ 2^ptyp him 

)K>nne ptopm cyme* 

mmum ^pte on^e^n* 


therefore shall they long, 

beings accursed, 

exile suffer: 

protect thou me and punish them* 

When the storm comes 

against my spirit, 

save then. 

4. Lit dear, beloved. 
S8. MS. jeul only, immediately after which there is a hole in the leaf. 



mihtij bpyhcen* 

minpe j*aple- 

jeppeoJ>a hype ^ jepeopma hy- 

pebep mon-cynnej* • 

hsebpe ^ehojobe* 

h£l ece 2ob* 

meotob meahcum fpi)'* 

mm If nu ]?a- 

]*ej:a fynnum pth* 

^ ic ymb faple eom» lo 

peam p]>um popht* 

{^eah ]?u me pela fealbe* 

apna on piyye eop]?an« 

"pe jie eallep )?oiic* 

meopba ;] miltj^a* 

)?apa pn me fealbeft* 

no "Saep eapnm^a* 

»m;e piepon mib- 

hpaeJFpe ic me eallep ^^aef • [1 19 a 

ellen pylle* oo 

habban ^ hlyhhan. 

^ me hyhtan to* 

ppaetpian mec on pop'S-pej* 

3 punbian* 

fylp to )?am p)w. 

}^e ic aj*ettan ]'ceal* 

jaejt jeappian. 

^ me J'aec eal pop jobe* 

]?olian bhj/e mobe> 

nu ic ^ebunben eom- 

fXR]Xe m mmum pep)?e* 

hupu me ppea piteS* 

f ume ]?apa fynna* 

pe ic me jylp ne conn- 


mighty Lord ! 
my soul ; 

protect it and cherish it. 
Father of mankind ! 
benignantly remember'd ; 
save it, eternal God 1 
Lord strong in might ! 
Now is my 

mind staiu'd with sins, 
and for my soul I am, 
for its hostile courses fearful, 
though thou hast given me many 
blessings on this earth. 
To thee be thanks for all 
the rewards and mercies 
which thou hast given me ; 
for this not merits 
any were in me ; 
.] yet for all this I 
will courage 
have^ and laugh, 
and exult, 

prepare myself for departure, 
and hasten 

myself to the journey, 
which I must undertake, 
my soul prepare, 
and all that 'fore God 
suffer with cheerful mind : 
now I am bound 
fast in my soul. 

Surelyin me will ^AeLord chastise 
some of the sins, 
which I myself cannot 

11. paum? 

93. MS. j:eiiV j^ej. 



onpetan jleaplice* 

jobe ic haebbe* 

aboljen bpejo mon-cynuef « 

jx)p)^n ic J>uf bictTie peapiJ. 

jepitnab poQie] J^ipj'© populbe* 

ppa mm 5e[pyjihco] paspon* 

micle pope monnum* 

J>aBC ic map[typ]bom- 

beopne abjieoje* 

ne eom ic bema jleap* lo 

pip pope peopube* 

popj^on ic J>ap popb ppjiece. 

pup on pep)?e. 

ppa me on ppymiSe jelomp* 

ypm)m opep eop]?an« 

ysdt ic a ]?olabe« 

jeapa jehpylce» 

jobep eallep* 

)>one-mob eappoj^a* 

ma l^onne on o)^pum* so 

pyjihco m polce* 

popj^on ic apyj-eb eom. 

eapm op mmu eple* 

ne mse; ^Bey anhoja* 

leob-pynna lea]** 

lenj bpohtian* 

pmeleap ppaecca* 

ip him ppaiS meotnib* 

piopna'S on hip jeojuj^e* 

^ him selce masle* ao 


men pullepta'S* 
yea's hip yjimj^u- 

readily understand. 

I have God 

anger'd^ Lord of maillind^ 

therefore was I thus bitterly 

chastis'd before thif world, 

as my sinful workjl were, 

great before men } 

so that I martyrdom 

awful suffer, 

I am not a skilfal judge, 

wise before the multitude, 

for I these words speak 

hastening on departure. 

So at the beginning me befell 

miseries on earth, 

that I ever lack'd, 

each year, 

all good } 

meditative of hardships 

more than in other things, 

fear among people : 

for I driven am 

poor from my country* 

The lone one may not this, 

of social joys depriv'd, 

longer suffer, 

the friendless exile : 

the Creator is with him wroth, 

he grieves in his youth, 

and them at all times, 

« * « 

men aid, 

augment his miseries. 

5. MS. JO. 6, MS, %ep, 8. MS. inap...boin, the other letters are obliterated, 
11. pojiulbe? 12. MS. rppaece. 

13. jojitf-pej? SO. Here a line or more is wanting. 



[1 19 A.] 

'J he y^t eal }K)laS* 
faji-q>ibe fecja^ 
;] hi bi'S a fejza seomoji* 
mob mopjen-feoc* 
ic bi me tyljuft* 
fecje }>if pip-fpell. 
T ymb fij? fpjiaece. 
lonjunje puj*- 
T on laju J>ence. 

nac mm * * 

« * * 

hpy ic jebycje. 

bat on faspe* 

jdeot on j:a]io^« 

nah ic pela ^olbef • 

ne hupu pBdy jijieonbef • 

J>e me jejylfte. 

to |?am pS'pcce^ 

nu ic me jylp ne ma^* 

pope nunum pon-aehtum* 

pillan abjieojan. 

pubu mot hmi peaxan* 

pypbe biban^ 

tanum Iseban* 

ic pop tsele ne msB^^ 

senipie mon-cynnej^ 

mobe jelupan^ 

eopl on eple' 

eala bpyhten mm* 

meahti; mmib-bopa* 

]?8et ic eom mobe ]*eoc* 

bitpe aboljen* 

If peo bot ast 'pe» 

7. r. jpjiece. 
12. M. G. 8&iv8. 
15. jpjieonbe/, i.e. jolber, L 14. 




and he all that suffers^ 
the reproach of men^ 
and his soul is ever sad, 
his mind at morn sick. 
I of myself most fitly 
say this lament^ 
and of my jomrney speak 
with longing eager, 
and on the water think. 

Knows not my * * 

« * « 

why I buy 

a boat on the sea, 

a vessel on the billow. 

I have not much of gold, 

not indeed of that friend, 

which might support me 

for the journey; 

now I myself may not, 

for my poterty, 

my will obey. 

I for calumny may not 
any of mankind 
in my mind love, 
man in the land. 
O my Lord ! 
mighty Protector ! 
that I in mind am sick, 
bitterly vex*d. 
The retribution is along 

10. Here the MS. is evidently defective. 

13. jplotan? 

SO. MS. eoc, the first letter obliterated. 



jelon J e]:te]i ♦ * 

ic on leohte ne mas;* 

butau eajipoj'um- 


peafceapt b»le* 

polban * * ••••nian* 

)^n ic me to fjiemj^um- 

ppeobe haepbe* 

cy^S ]?u jeep * ♦ p»p« 

a ceapu pymle* lo 

lupena co leane* 

of thee, after * * 

I in the light may not, 

without hardships, 

in any way, 

a poor mortal, 

the earth * * 

fpa 10 ahpbe* 12 

nu j«..« * * bij>)wet- 

)?onne mon him * jylp ne ma&j 

pypb onpenban- 

)^8ek: he ]7on pel ]?ohje :• 



Onpmnon him on uhtan 
8e]?elcunbe ms^* 
jieppan co jonje. 
pi]t:on jumena jemot* 
se^^elmjej* be- 
eopiS-sepne bi)^eahc* 
polban pepiju pip* 
pope bimaenan* 
aej^ehnjep bea^S. 
ane hpile* 
peone bepeotan* 
pwpt paep acolab- 
heapb paep hm-p'S. 
haeleiS paepon mobje. 
\e by aefc Jmm beopje* 
bkiSne p[u3nbon» 
epom peo mupnenbe- 
mapia on b«j-peb. 
behc by oJ?pe mib. 

Resolv'd ere dawn 

the noble women 

to prepare for journey : 
90 tV assemblage knew 

that the Noble's corse 

was in its earth-house coverM : 

tlie weary women would 

with weeping bewail 

the Noble's death 

a while, 

sadly deplore. 

His resting-place was chill ; 

hard was his departure ; 
30 the men were haughty, 

whom they at the deserted 

sepulchre found. 

Came the mourning 

Mary at dawn, 

calls with her another 

18. r. nue^t^a. 19. MS. ^eon^e. 83. r. polbon. 39. bebbne (behbenum)? 



eojilef bohto]!* 

fohfcon fapiju cu- 

jije-beajin jobef * 

aenne m f eoji^-aejin* 

)>aep hi Bdji pifton- 

f hme jehybban* 

haeleiS lubea* 

penban ]?8st: he on )^am beojije' 

biban fceolbe* 

earl's daughter ; 

sought the sad two 

the victor Son of God 

alone in that earth-house, 

where they before knew 

that him had hidden 

the men of Judea : 

they imagined that he in the tomb 

would abide, 

ana m ]?8epe ea]t:eji-n]ht*[120 a.]alone in the Easter night ; 

hujiu ^xy oJ?eji J^mj* 
pifton l?a pipmenn* 
]?a hy on-pej cypbon. 
ac J^aeji cpom on uhtan* 
an en^la )^peat* 
behsepbe heapa pyn* 
haelenbep bupj. 
open paef }^c eopiS-aejm 
8e}?elmjef be- 
onpenj peopep jaept. 
polbe beopobe* 
hlojan hel-papan- 
hajoptealb onpoc- 
mobi; ppom molban* 
maejen-^ypym apap* 
jijepaejt ^ pnotfcop. 
pas^be lohanmp* 
haeleiS hel-papu* 
hlyhhenbe pppsec* 
mobij to ]?8epe menjo* 
ymb hip maeje ♦ ' 

haepbe me jehaten* 
haelenb upep> 
J'a he me on ]npne ytS* 
penban polbe- 
J78ec he me jej'oh • . • 

11 but another thing than this 

the women knew, 

when away they tum'd j 

for there came ere dawn 

a company of angels, 

surrounded the joy of bands 

the Saviour's tomb : 

open was that earth-house ; 

tfie Noble's corse 
20 had receiv'd life's spirit; 

earth trembled, 

laugh'd hell's inmates ; 

men awoke 

exulting from earth. 

Majesty arose 

triumphant and sagacious. 

John said, 

the man to hell's inhabitants 

laughing spake, 
30 boldly to the multitude, 

of his * * 

' Me hath commanded 

our Saviour, 

when he me on this journey 

would send, 

that he me * 



monaS eallej^ 

polcej- ):jiUQia* 

nu * * .... fceacen- 

pene ic ful j^i^e. 

^ pifcob. . . * * * 

co-ba^e bjiyhcen piUe- 

* * fecan. 

pje-beajin jobej*. 

pyfbe hine ];a to j:ope. 

yjiBA mou-cynnep. lo 

polbe heopona helm. 

helle peallap. 

popbpecan ;] popby^an* 

}wpe bupje J^iym- 

onpnnan peapan* 

pejmjt: ealpa cyninja. 

ne pohte he to ]wpe hilbe* 


ne he bypn-pijenb* 

to )>ain bupj-jeatum- ao 

laeban ne polbe • 

ac )?a locu peollan. 

cluptop op 'P& ceaptpum* 

cyninj in oj^iab. 

eallep polcep ppuma* 

popiS onette* 

peopuba pulbop-pepa« 

ppseccan J^pun^on- 

hpylc hypa f pyje-beapn. 

jepeon mopte* so 

abam ^ abpaham« 

ipac T lacob* 

mom; mobi; eopl* 

« * * 

exhorteth of all 
people the Prince 

To-day the Lord will 

* * seek, 

the victor Child of God/ 

Hastened then for journey 

the Lord of mankind ; 

heaven's chieftain would 

hell's walls 

break down and bow, 

that city's pride 

begin to spoils 

fiercest of all kings. 

He reck'd not, for that strife, 

of helm-bearing warriors, 

nor he mail'd champions 

to those city gates 

would lead ; 

for the locks fell> 

th' enclosure from that city« 

2^ King rode in, 

the Origin of all people 

hastenM forth, 

Olory-giver of hosts. 

7%« exiles throng'd, 

which of them that victor Child 

might see : 

Adam and Abraham, 

Isaac and Jacob, 

many a lofty earl. 

«7. MS. jTojiub. 



moyfej- ^ bamb- 


J fachapia]*- 

hea-paebjia jrela* 

Moses and David, 


and Zachariah, 

patriarchs many : 

fpylce eac hselef^a jemoC' [I20i&.]so also a company of men, 

pitjena peopob. 
pifmonna )^peat* 
pela paemnena* 
polcej* unpmi- 
jejeah >a lohannif 
pje-beapn jobef . 
mib J>y cyne-}>pymme. 
cuman co belle* 
onjeac ];a ;eomop-mob* 
jobef rylpej- yiV* 
jefeah he helle bujiu- 
hsebpe fcman* 
)^ ^e lonje 8ep* 
bilocen pepon- 
bij^ahte mib j^yjt^* 
pe l^ejn paep on pynne* 
abeab )^a bealbbce- 
bupj-papena •••opb* 
mobij pope ]?80pe menjo* 
^ to hif mseje fppaec- 
^ )m pil-cuman* 
popbum jpecce. 
J^e J^f J>onc jie. 
)?eoben uj-ep. 
^ ]m up * * 

j'ecan polbefC. 
nu pe on ]?ijjum benbum< 
bib>** * * 

l^n monije bmbeiS* 
ppaeccan * * 

a host of prophets, 

a band of women, 

many damsels^ 

people numberless. 
10 Saw then John 

the victor Child of Ood, 

with that kingly pomp, 

come to hell ; 

perceiv'd then the sad in mind 

God himselfs journey : 

he saw hell's door 

serenely shine, 

which long before 

had been lockM, 
00 with darkness decked : 

joyful was the thane. 

Announced then boldly to 

the city-dwellers' * 

exulting before the multitude^ 

and to his kinsman spake, 

and then the welcome guest 

in words greeted : 

' To thee for this be thanks^ 

our Lord ! 
30 that thou us * * 

would'st seek ; 

now we in these bonds 




* bi^ pibe pah. 

ne bi^S he no J>«j' neappe- 

unbeji m^'Ioc }>»]•• 

bitjie jebunben. 

unbeji bealu-clommum* 

^ he }>y y1$ ne maeje. 

ellen habban* 

J>6n he hif hlapopbe]'. 

liylbo jelyj:e^5- 

yxt hme o): yam benbum* 

bicjan piUe* 

fpa pe ealle to J^e. 


bpyhcen mm pe bypa- 

ic abpeaj pela. 

pj>}?an J?u enb fco me. 


)?a J^u me jepealbepc. 

ppeopb ;j bypnan* 

helm T heopo pceopp. 

a ic ytet heolb nu pec* 

;] J^u me jecySbepc* 

cyne-)^ymma pyn. 

]?8sc y\x manb-bopa* 

mmum paepe. 

Gala jabpihel* 

hu J>u eapc jleap ^ pceapp. 

milbe ;j jemynbij- 

T mon-)^p8epe« 

pip on )^mum jepitte- 

;jon ]?mumpopbepnot&op* [1 

}>8Bt )m jecyiSbepfc. 

ya, ]?u JK)ne cnybc eo up* 

bpohtept m bechlem* 

he shall not be thus closely 

under * * 

bitterly bound, 

under dire chains, 

that he therefore easily may not 

courage have, 

when he his Lord's 

kindness believes, 
10 that he him from those bonds 

will buy. 

So we all in thee 

alone believe, 

my dear Lord ! 

I much have 8ufFer*d 

since thou in to me 

didst come ; 

when thou me gavest 

sword and corselet, 
90 helm and martial vest, 

(I that still always hold) 

and thou to me declaredst, 

Joy of kingly glories ! 

that thou my Protector 

wouldest be* 

Ah Gabriel ! 

how thou art skilful and keen, 

mild and mindful, 

and gentle, 
30 wise in thy understanding, 
21a.]and in thy word sagacious : 

that thou didst manifest, 

when thou the boy to us 

broughtest in Befchlem. 

16. in? 



biban pe }>»f lon^e* 

We for this waited long, 

fetan on fopjum- 

sate in sorrows : 

fibbe oplyjTe. 

with peace delighted 

pynnum ^ penum* 

joys and hopes. 

hponne pe pojib jobej-. 

when we God's word. 

)mph hip jylpep mu'S* 

through his own mouth. 

pecjaii byjibe- 

heard speak. 

eala majiia* 

Ah Mary ! 

hu J>u up mobijne* 

how thou for us a noble 

cynmj acenbepc. 

10 King broughtest forth, 

]?a J>u j^sec cilb to uj*. 

when thou that Child to us 

bjiobcejt: m bethlem* 

broughtest in Bethlem ; 

pe )?8Bp beopienbe- 

we for this trembling 

unbeji belle bopu* 

under hell's door. 

heajibe jxeolbon* 

cruelly must 

biban in benbum* 

await in bonds. 

bon[a] peopcep jepeah. 

The slayer joy'd in Aw work, 

paepon ujie ealb-Finb[ap]» 

our old enemies were 

[eall]e on pynnum • 

all in delights. 

];6n by jebyjibon. 

ao when they heard 

hu pe hp 

how we * * 

* ♦ • . . .n mupnenbe. 

mae^bujij upj-e. 

« « « 

* * bpybt:eu job. 

* * jaj^- 

ealpa cynui ja * 

* up * mon» 

mobje * * 

]?e ajeap * • • • jeo jo-Se . 

pe I'upb jippe mob. 

so We through rapacious mind 

beppican uj- pylpe- 

have deceiv'd ourselves. 

pe )?a pynne popj>on. 

we the sin therefore 

bepaiS m upum bjieoptu* 

bear in our breasts : 

2. r. jseton. 

18. r. peonbaj-. 



CO bonan honba fculon* 

eac to ujjum peonbu* 

fpeol^o pilman* 

eala hiejiuj^alem* 

m lubeum- 

hu }?u m ^Bsjie fcope* 

jtille jepunabejT. 

ne mo]*tan ^e ^eonb-pepan< 


ealle lij.'^enbe- 

)?a }>e lof pnja'S' 

eala lopbane* 

m lubeum* 

hu ^vi in pa^jie fcope- 

)TilIe jepunabeft* 

nalep J>u ^eonb-plopan* 


mojt^an by ^yney paetjpej** 

pynnum bjiucan. 

Nu ic J?e halpe- 

haslenb uj^eji- 

beope in jebyjxftum^ 

}ni eajic bpyhcen cjUfC- 

JwBC J?u uj- ^emiltjie- [121 

monna fcyppenb* 

pvL ):ope monna lujian* 

)^inpe mobop bopm* 

jjlysL jefohcep- 

j'lje-bpyhfcen job. 

nalep pope ]?mpe J'eappe* 

l^eoba palbenb* 

ac pop }?a miltpum. 

pe pix mon-cynne* 

opt aetypbejt. 

at the slayer's hand we must, 
even from our focs^ 
desire peace. 
Ah Jerusalem^ 
in Judea, 

how thoii in that place 
tranquil didst remain ! 
May not thee traverse 
earth's inhabitants^ 
10 all living, 

who to thee praise sing. 
Ah Jordan, 
in Judea, 

how thou in that place 
tranquil didst remain ! 
Thou flowest not among 
earth's inhabitants, 
they might thy water 
gladly enjoy. 
70 Now I thee beseech, 
our Saviour ! 
deeply in tribulations, 
(thou art the Lord Christ,) 
bJ] that thou us pity, 
Creator of men ! 
Thou for love of men, 
thy mother's bosom 
didst thyself seek. 
Lord God triumphant ! 
30 not for thy need. 
Ruler of nations ! 
but for the mercies, 
which thou to mankind 
oft hast shown, 

16. -plopejt? 

22. ^ebypjpum (jebeopfum)? 

2 H 



)^on him paef ape ]?eai\):* 

pM meaht: ymb-):on* 

eal jioica jefetni* 

]7ylce pvL meaht jejuman* 

pice bpyhfcen. 

fWf j'onb-jpocu- 

felaft ealpa cyninja. 

fpylce ic pe halfije* 

hselenb ufep* 

fope )^inum cilbhabe* 

cyninja j-elafC- 

■] }:ope Jwpe punbe. 

peopuba bp[yhcen] • 

[^ F^P^] l^num aepipte. 

8e)?eliii;a pyn* 

•J pope Jnnpe me- • • • • 

* * •••man nama* 
]?a ealle bell-papa« 
hepja^S "3 lop[iai5] • 

* * . . . •lum* 
]?e J?e ymb-ptonbaiJ. 
|?a j>u )>e lete pttan* 

* * * honb« 

)?a jm up on Jnpne ppaec-pi'S 

peopoba bpyht:en* 

)?uph j>inep pylpep jepealb. 

j-ecan polbept. 

'3 hiepupalem- 

m lubeum* 

pceal peo bupj nupVL* 

biban epne ppa-J^eah. 

j^oben leopa* 

J^inep epc-cymep. 

^ pop Kqibane- 

m lubeu- 

12. ^inum putibum? 



when to them was pity needful. 

Thou mightest embrace 

all abodes of nations^ 

so also thou mightest number, 

powerful Lord ! 

the sea's sand-grains. 

Best of all kings ! 

so I thee beseech, 

our Saviour ! 

for thy childhood, 

of kings most excellent ! 

and for thy wounds. 

Lord of hosts ! 

and for thy resurrection, 

Delight of the noble ! 

and for thy * * 

that all hell's inmates 
glorify and praise. 

which around thee stand 3 
those whom thou let'st sit 
* * hand, 

when thou us in this exile. 
Lord of hosts ! 
through thine own power 
wouldst seek. 
And Jerusalem, 
in Judea, 
30 shall that city now 
nath'less await, 
beloved Lord ! 
thy return : 
and as for Jordan, 
in Judea, 

SI. MS. )>ean. 



pit unc m )^8epe bupnan- 

ba^^oban aet-jasbpe* 

opeppuppe )?u mib J?y paetpe 

peopuba bpyhten. 

blil^e mobe* 

ealle bupj-papan- 

jT>ylce jic lohaniiip • 

m lopbane* 

mib Yy pillpihte* 

fsejpe onbpypbon. 

ealne )^ifne mibban-jeapb* 

pe JwBj" rymle meocube j>onc : 


we two in that brook 

bathed together ; [water, 

thou didst besprinkle with that 

Lord of hosts ! 

with kind spirit, 

all the city's inmates ; 

so also thou and John, 

in Jordan, 

with baptism, 

happily excited 

all this mid-earth ; [thanks. 

be therefore ever to the Creator 


Pel bi* ]?am eople. 

Well shall it be to the mortal. 

^e him on^innan hapfS* 

who within him hath 

pej?e- hyjbi J pep • [122 

0.] (a man severe of mind) 

pume heoptan* 

an ample heart. 

ysdt him bi)' pop populbe* 

thatto him before^Atf world shall be 

peop^mynba maept* 

of honours greatest. 

;j pop uppim bpyhtne. 

and before our Lord 

boma pelapt* 

90 of dignities most excellent. 

epne ppa he mib piet:pe* 

Even as he with water 

)^ne peallenban* 

the raging 

le; abpaepce* 

flame quencheth. 

]?8st he len; ne mae;* 

that it longer may not. 



bupjum pceiS^an* 

injure cities. 

ppa he mib aelmeppan* 

so he with alms 

ealle copcupe'S- 

shall repel 

pynna punbe* 

wounds of sins, 

papla laciia'S :• 

30 his soul heal. 

so. fa^le? 

2 H 2 



8aja me hpa&t ]?»ji peopubep^ 

paepe eallej-* 

on papaonep j:yjibe. 

l?a hy folc jobej- . 

)^uph feonbj'cipe. 

pyljan onpinn [on] • 

nat ic hit be piht:e* 

butan ic pene {'up* 

'pBBz )78ep rcpeob[a] paepc 

jej'cypeb pime* 

j'lex hun [bpeb] a- 

peapo haebbenbpa* 

f eal popna. 


Tell me what multitude there 

was altogether 

in Pharaoh's host^ 

when they God's people, 

through enmity^ 

resolv'd to follow. 

I know it not at all, 

but I believe thus : 

that there of chariots were 

distinguish'd by number 

six hundred 

bearing arms. 

That all destroyed 

ppa}?e pypbe. 
m populb-pice :• 

hostile fate, 

in the world's realm. 


* * psebep- 

]m pe on heoponum eapbapt* 
jepe[op'8ab] pulbpep bpeame 
py ]?mu peopcu hal^ab* 
noma nij'jm beapnum- 
pn eapc nep^enb pepa* 
cyme ];m pice pibe* 
'J fm psebpsepc piUa* 
apaspeb unbep pobopej* hpope 
eac {'on on pumpe polban* 
j-yle up co-baeje. 


* * ♦ Father, 

thou who in the heavens dwellest, 

honour'd in the joy of glory, 

be for thy works hallow'd 

thy name by the children of men. 

Thou art Preserver of men ; 

come thy kingdom amply, 

and be thy steadfast will 

exalted under heaven's roof, 

as well as on the spacious earth. 

Give us to-day 

9. j-cjieoVa (rcjii<Ja) ? 



hompaejtne blseb* 
hlap u)*epne. 
helpenb pepa* 
I'one pn^alao* 
fcSpBft meotob* 
ne last upc coftunja* 
cnyjjan to jT?i'Se. 
ac p\x uy fpeobom pep 
yolcvL palbenb* 
jrpoin ypla jehpam* 
a to piban peope :• 


firm prosperity^ 

our breads 

(Helper of men !) 

the everlasting; 

just Creator ! 

Let not temptations us 

strike too strongly^ 

but do thou us freedom give. 

Ruler of nations ! 

from every evil, 

for evermore. 


Oepeoh nu on pepiSe* 
;] to ppoppe je}?eoh. 
bpyhtne )>inum« 
;] )^mne bom apaep- 
healb hopb-locan- 
hyje paepte bmb. 
mib mob-pepan* 
mom; bi)^ uncu]?- 
teopiaiS hpilum- 
pacia]? popb-beot* 
ppa j>eop populb papeiS 
pcupum pcynbeiS* 
1 jepceap bpeoje*8. 
an ip jeleapa- 
an lipjenbe* 

[122 A.] 


Rejoice now in life, 

and for comfort thrive 

in thy Lord, 

and thy dignity exalt, 

hold thy coffer, 

desire bind fast 

with prudence ; 

a many is unknown 

of faithful comrades, 

sometimes they wax faint, 

their promises fail. 

So this world goes, 

rapidly passes, 

and its destiny fulfils. 

There is one belief, 

one living ; 

8. MS. j:jieobon. 

81. MS. reoiiatf. 



an ij* pulpihce* 
an pasbeji ece- 
an If ):olcef pjiuma- 
fe }?af polban jefceop. 
bu^u^ ^ bpeamaf • 
bom p]?]?an peoz* 
)?eah peoy lasne ^eyceaft' 
lonje ftx)be. 
heolftpe jehybeb- 
helme jebyjleb. 
bi)>eaht; pel tjieopum* 
l^ftjie opepfse'Smeb* 
pp ..••in jeonj ap..* 
maejeiS mob-hpafcu- 
mib mon-cynne* 
iSaep ^ehcabe ^- 


there is one baptism^ 
one eternal Father ; 
one Origin is of people, 
who this earth created, 
virtue and joys; 
power then wax'd. 
Though this frail creation 
long stood 
in obscurity hidden, 
with covering concealed, 
bedeck*d well with trees, 
with darkness embraced ; 

a maid ardent minded, 
with mankind ; 
there it then pleased 

m ]mm hopb-pite- 
hal^an jaspte* 
beojiht on bp***- 
pe paep opb-j:puma« 
eallep leohtep :• 


in that casket, 
the Holy Ohost, 
bright in * 
who was Origin 
of all light. 


Ic eom lie bypj- 

lace mib pmbe- 

* * « 

• ••bpe jepomnab 
pup popS-pejej-. 


I am a busybody, 

I sport with the wind, 

» « • 

« * « 

hastening away; 

1. r. julpihc. 



yyjie ^emylteb* 
* * blopenbe* 

bypnenbe jleb. 
pil op: mec jefij^af • 
|*enbaiS ssfceji honbu* 
J^aeji mec pejiaf "3 pif. 
j^n ic mec onhasbbe* 
hi onhm^a'S to me* 
mobje miltfum* 
fpa ic monjum fceal- 
yean up*cyme* 
eabijnejje :• 


by fire melted, 

* * blowing, 

burning embers. 

Full oft me my comrades 

send from hand to hand, 

where me men and women 

proud kiss. 

When I raise myself, 

they bow down to me, 

lofty ones with compassion. 

So I to many shall 

increase the growth 

of happiness. 


Ic paef be panbe* 

Y^ pealle neah* 

aet mepe-papoj^e* 

nunmn ^epunabe* 

ppum-fta)^ole paejt;. 

pea asm; psep* 

monna cynnep* 20 

^t mmne |^p* 

on an-aebe* 

eapb beheolbe* 

ac mec uhcna jehpam- 

5^ po bpune* 

lapi-paeiSme beleolc* 

lye ic penbe* 

f ic aep ofpe p8. 

aeppe pceolbe. [123 o.] 

opep meobu* 30 

I was by the sand 

near the sea-shore, 

at the ocean's strand ; 

/ dwelt in my 

original station fast ; 

few there were 

of human kind 

that there, 

in the desert, 

my home beheld ; 

for me each early mom 

the brown wave 

in its watery bosom shut. 

Little I ween'd, 

that I, early or late, 

ever should 

over mead 

26. beleac? 



mu'Sleaf rppecan* 
popbum ppixlan* 
f If punbpef ba&l. 
on Yeyan peapolic- 
}?a }?e ppylc ne conn- 
ha mec peaxep opb- 
"J peo ppi|?pe honb- 
eoplep in-jel?onc. 
] opb pomob- 
I^in^um jej^yban. 
f aet ic pij> }?e pceolbe. 
pop unc anum tpam- 
abeoban bealbbce- 
ppa hit beopna ma- 
iincpe popb-cpibap- 
pibbop ne maenben :• 


mouthless speak, 

in words bold converse. 

That is a piece of wonder 

curious in the mind [stand not^ 

of those who such matter under- 

how me the knife's edge, 

and the right hand, 

man's sagacity, 

and edge together, 

purposely associate, 

that I to thee should, 

for us two alone, 

a verbal message 

boldly announce, 

so that it more men^ 

our verbal sayings, 

further imagin'd not. 


Nu ic on-j'unbpan |?e. 
pecjan piUe. 

* * tpeo-cynn- 20 
ic cubpe apeox- 

* » * eal. 

pec»»» * * * 

pealte jTpea[map]» 

pul opt ic on batep * * 

* * * j'ohte. 
}?aBp mec mon-bpyhten uun- 

* * heah-hopu- 

eoni nu hep cumen* 30 

6. MS. jeaxet(. 

Now I apart to thee 
will say 

* * tree kind, 

I tenderly grew up, 

* * « 

of a strange land 

* * * 

salt streams. 

Full oft I in a boat's 

* * * sought, 

where me my master 

* * * 

* * high houses. 

/ am now hither come, 

12. MS. t;j>an. 



on ceoI-]7eIe« 
^ nu cunnan fcealt* 
hu )?u ymb mob-lujian 
minef ppean- 
on hyje hycje. 
ic jehatan beap. 
}?8Bt }m 'pBRji tipjaefte. 
tjieope pnbejT :• 

on a vessers deck, 

and thou now shalt know, 

how thou regarding the affection 

of my master 

mayst in mind devise. 

I dare promise, 

that thou there noble 

faith wilt find. 


I^pset pec Jion bibban hec 

pe ]?ipne beam a^pop* 

ymt )>u pmc-hpoben* 

pylp jemunbe* 

on jepifc-locan. 


f>e pc on 8ep-ba;um« 

ope jepppfiBcon. 

]7enben pr mofton* 

on meobu-buppim* 

eapb peapbi^an* 

an lonb bujan* 

jzpeonbpcype ppemman* 

hme ysdhpo abpap* 

op pije-|?eobe« 

heht nu pylpa )>e- 

luptum lepan- 

pmt pvL \A-ga bpepbe* 

]n)?]?an )m jehypbe* 

on hhpey opan- 

^alan ^eomopne* 

j;eac on beappe* 



[123 A.] 


Tes, bade me then thee beseech, 

he who this beam inscribed, 

that thou, richly adorn'd one, 

shouldst thyself remember, 

in thy mind's recess, 

the promises, 

which ye two in early days 

oft spake, 

while ye might, 

in the mead-burghs^ 

a dwelling hold, 

one land inhabit, 

friendship foster. 

Him feud drove away 

from the noble people. 

Himself now bids thee 

learn with alacrity, 

that thou the water urge, 

when thou hast heard, 

on the mountain's brow, 

sing the sad « 

cuckoo in the grove. 

10. tree? 

S5. MS. Isjiaxn. 



ne Isec pn )>ec ]i)?)>aii- 
p)?ef jetpaepin. 
lube ^elettan* 

bj:;^^^^^ monn- 
onpn me]\e fecan- 
maepef ej^el- 
on-fite fae-oacad* 
ymt }ni yxxS heonan- 
ope]\ me]\e-labe* 
monnan pnbeyt* 
pseji ye J^eoben if • 
)?m on penum* 
ne mv&g him populbe* 
piUa majia- 
on ^^mynbu* 
y»Y ]?e he me paejbe* 
)?on mc 2^mine« 
alpalbenb ;ob- 

* * * aet-pomne 
p)?)^an mot»n« 

pecpim 3 jepjnim. 

* * »tlebe bea^ap* 
he j^noh hapa^- 

pseban^o**** * * 

* * * el)?eobe. 

e]?el healbe- 

psejjie polban- 
« ♦ ♦ 

* ♦ . . . .jia hele)m- 
)>eah ye hep mm p 

* a|e ♦ ♦ 

nybe jebasbeb* 

nacan ut-aj^ponj* 

^ on y)?a jonj pceolbe- 




Let thou not then thee 

from the courne divert^ 

the way impede^ 

any livuig man. 

Resolve the sea to seek^ 

the mew's country ; 

ply the sea-skiff, 

8o that thou south hence, 

over the ocean way, 

a man shalt find ; 

there the chieftain is 

awaiting thee. 

May not in life to him 

a greater desire be, 

in his mind, 

from what to me he said. 

Then may to you grant 

Almighty Qod, 

* * * together, 
then may, 

to his men and comrades, 

* * * bracelets* 
He has enough 

of rich * * 

country hold, 
fair land. 

though here my * 

by need constrained : 

the skiff urged out ; 

and on the billows' course must^ 

18. been is probably wanting after populbe. 
38. MS. ^eonj, though nearly obliterated. 



ptpan on jdot-pe;* 
j:op"S-p)?ef ^eopu- 
menjan mejie-jTjieamaf • 
nu fe mon hapfS^ 
pean o):e}ipuuuen. 
nif him pilna -^b* 
ne meapa ne ma'Sma* 
ne meobo-bpeama- 
aenjep ojrep eop]?an- 
)?eobnef boh top* 
pp he )?m beneah* 
o|»p ealb jebeot* 
incep t:pe2a* 
jecype ic aet-pomne* 

• J,« Jv« jeabop. 

a)>e benemnan* 
)wt he )?a paepe* 
3 }?a pine-tpeope. 
be him hpjenbum* 
liB]i:an polbe* 
|?e jfSc on aep-bapim* 
ope jepppaecon :• 

on the flood-way journey, 
glad of departure^ 
the sea-streams agitate. 
Now the man has 
affliction overcome^ 
he hicks not what he desires, 
nor horses, nor geldings, 
nor joys of mead, 
nor anything on earth 
10 of noble treasures. 
Chieftain's daughter ! 
if he thee should lack, 
after the old promise 
of you two, 
I turn at once 

S and R together, 

EA, W and M, 
by oath declare, 
that he the compact, 
90 and the friendly faith, 
while he lives 
would fulfil, 
which ye in early days 
oft spake. 

18. See A. & £., p. 152. 







Pjiaetlic If J>ef peal-jtan- 

pyjibe jebpaecon. 

bupj -ftebe bupj-fcon • [124 a.] 

bjiofna^ enta jepeojic 

hjiojiaf yinb jehjiopene- 

hjieopje cojipap* 

hjiim jeac-coppaj' bepofen. 

hpim on lime* 

j'ceapbe j-cup-beopjc 

fcopene jebpopene- 

ffilbo unbep eotone* 

eop*8-5pap hapaS* 

palbenb-pyphcan • 

foppeopone jeleopene. 

heapb-jpipe hpupan* 

o^ hunb cnea- / 

pep-l?eoba jepitan- 

ofC l^aep paj jebab- 

pae^bap ^ peabpah* 

pice aeptep o^pum* 

opjxonben unbep jropmum 

pteap jeap jebpeap- 

pona'S pec * * 



• • • o 

num jeheapen 

Wonderous is this wall- stone, 

the fates have broken ity 

have burst the burgh-place. 

Perishes the vrork of giants, 

the roofs are fallen, 

the towers tottering, 

the boar gate-towers despoil'd, 

rime on the lime, 

shatter'd the battlements, 

riven, fallen, 

under the Eotnish race \ 

the earth-grave has 

its powerful workmen ; 

decay'd, departed, 

the hard of gripe are fallen, 

to a hundred generations 

of people are pass'd away. 

Oft its wall withstood 

Raeghar and Readfab, 

chieftain after other, 

rising amid storms. 

Rapidly prone it fell ; 

yet wanes * * 

• • • 

pel on- 

* * * 

jpimme jejpunbe 

3ie ^ :|c 

pcan heo.. * * 

* * * 

afe He 4c '-* 

7. hjiims® (hjiimije) ? bepopie ? 8. This line seems defective. 9. beo/i^aj-? 
12. jjiap (xjisBjp) ? 15. r. hjiujon. 17. r. ^epiton. 




* * * 

* ^^ • • -lam |\inbum bea; 
mobmo**** * he* 
J7i}:tne jebpaejb. 
hpsec-peb in hpinjap • 
h^e-poj: ^ebonb- 
peall-palan pip urn* 
punbpum to-jaebpe. 
beopht paepon bupj-paeceb. 
bupn-pele monije* 
heah hopn-jeptpeon- 
hepe-ppej micel* 
meobo-heall monij* 
• W* bpeama pull- 
oy^BBt 'pBRt onpenbe* 
pypb peo ppij^e- 
cpunjon palo pibe* 
cpoman pol-bajap* 
ppylt eall popnom. 
pupbon hypa pij-jteal. 
peften jraj^olaj** 

bpopnabe bupj-pteal. 

betenb cpun^on* 

hep jap CO hpupan* 

popj^on |?aj' hopu bpeopjialS. 

^ ^Bsy teapop jeapu* 

tijelum pceabe'S* 

hpojT beajep pop. 

hpype ponj jecponj. [124 4.] 3o 

jebpocen to beopjum- 

)?8ep m beopn nionij* 

jlasb-mob ^ jolb-beopht- 


drew the swift^ 

the bold of purpose in chains, 

proud of spirit bound 

the aliens with wires, 

wonderously together. 

Bright were the burgh-dwellings, 

many its princely balls, 

high its steepled splendour, 

there was martial sound great, 

many a mead-hall 

full of human joys, 

until that changed 

obdurate fate : 

they perish'd in wide slaughter. 

Came pernicious days ; 

death destroy'd all 

their renown'd warriors. 

Their fortress is become 

waste foundations ; 

their burgh-place has perish'd ; 

atoning bow'd 

their bands to earth : 

therefore these courts are dreary, 

and its purple arch 

with its tiles shades 

the roost, proud of its diadem. 

At its fall the plain shrank, 

broken into mounds. 

There many a chief of old, 

joyous and gold -bright, 

5. Lit. rings. 
17. pale (paele)? 

7. -jealay? 
20. r. pcjiaj-. 

10. beojin-7 

27. purple, i. e. regal. 



r ■ •- 


r " 

plonc *] pm-jal. 
pij-hyprtu fcan. 
j-eah on jync on jylfop. 
on peapo-pmmap • 
on eab on seht- 
on eopcan-ft^n* 
on ]?af beophtan bup;* 
bpaban picep« 
)t;an-hopu ptoban* 
ptpeam hate peapp* 
piban pyline« 
peal eall bepen^- 
beophtan bopme* 
yseji )?a baj'u p»pon« 
hat on hpej^e. 
ytet pep hy^ehc- 

lecon )?on j^otan- 

* * * 

* * ptan* 
hate ptpeamap- 

^F T* ^ 

^F ^h ^F 

}?«t hpinj-mepe- 

hac^. . ' * * * 

* * * 

* * . * 

* *r» rbaj^u pepon 

)?onne »^ ♦ * 

* ♦ ♦ 

* * . . .pe 

f ip cynehc }>inj. - -^ 


splendidly decorated^ 

proud and with wine elate, 

in warlike decorations shone ; 

look'd on treasure, on silver, 

cm curious gems, 

on luxury, on wealth, 

on precious stone, 

on this bright burgh 

of a broad realm. 

The stone courts stood — [them 

the stream with heat o'erthrew 

with tYjT wide burning; 

the wall all encompass'd 

in its bright bosom. 

There the baths were 

hot on the breast : 

that was desolating ! 

Let then pour 

90 hot streams. 

I. MS. jejjiHBtpeV. 

13. ealnet 



Ojit mec pepte bileac 
ppeolicu meople* 
ibef on eajice* 
hpilum up-ateah- 
polmum pnam- 
T ppean pealbe* 
holbum |?eobne* 
fpa hio haten pa&f* 
pi%)?an me on hpej^ie- 
heapob jticabe* 
nio)>an uppeapbne* 
on neapo pejbe- 
pp J'sep onbpen^an* 
ellen bohre- 
J^e mec ppsetpebe* 
pyllan pceolbe- 
papep nat hpaet* 
p»b hpaet ic maene :• 


Me oft fast lock'd 

a goodly damsel, 

a woman^ in her chest, 

sometimes drew me up 

with her hands, 

and to her master gave mey 

her kind lord, 

as she was commanded ; 

then in her bosom 

stuck my head, 

the lower part upward, 

in durance fix'd me. 

If the receiver's 

power sufficed, 

who me adom'd, 

he should fill me 

with / know not what of rough. 

Guess what I mean. 


Ic eom heapb ^ pceapp- 
m-jonjep ptponj. 
popi5-pi|?ep ppom- 
ppean unpopcuiS* 
pabe tmbep pambe* 
T me pej pylpa. 
pyhtne jcpyne. 


I am hard and sharp, 
of entrance strong, 
of departure strenuous, 
to my master faithful. 
/ go under the belly, 
and for myself a way, 
direct /clear. 

1. MS. op 



pine biS on opejte. 
j*e mec onJ>y^- 
8Bjt;an-peapbne • 
hsele'S mib hpaejle* 
hpilum uc-tyhiS- 
op hole hacne* 
hpilum epc-pape* on. 
neapo nat hpaep- 
nybej> j^ij^e. 
]*uj>epne pecj* 
paja hpaec ic hafcte :• 

[125 a.] 


The man is in haste 

who urges me 

lingering behind. 

A man with his garment . 

sometimes draws me out 

hot from a hole ; 

sometimes retreats into 

a narrow space^ I know not where, 

violently compels 

the southern man. 

Say what I am call'd. 


Opfc 10 j'ecja- 
pele-bpeame j-ceal. 
psBjpe onj^eon. 
)?on ic eom pop^-bopen 
jlaeb mib jolbe. 
)?8ep piman bpincalS- 
hpilum mec on copan* 
cyppe^ mu)>e- 
fcillic ejTie- 
}?8Bp pit cu beo)?. 
pae^me * * 

3|e :|c 4; 

♦ •••jpum J?jr8. 
pypceS hip pillan- 

^ 9|c 4: 

♦ * •••pulpe* 

jjon ic poplS-cyme. 
9|c ♦ 4s 

♦ * * 


Oft I shaU 

in the social joy of men 

fairly flourish, 

when I am brought forth 

shining with gold, 

where men are drinking. 

Sometimes me in a chamber 

with his mouth kisses 

a good servant, 

where we two are 

works his will 

when I come forth. 

13 MS. j-ecjan : see Vercelli Poetry, p. 88. 1. 3310. (A. & E., p. 48. 1. 1656 ) 



ne maej ic ^y mij'an- 

* * * 

* 4c * 

pan on leohce> 

* * * 

♦ * 4e 

j^ylce eac bi-5. 

fona * * 

* * * 

* •••te jetacnab* 

hp»c me CO * * 

* * * 

* * •••leaf pine 
J>a unc jejiybe paef :• 

I cannot therefore conceal 

dusk in the light 

so also are 

Ic feah .p. -J . 1 . 
ojieji ponj papan. 

bejian • 3 • M^ • 
bsem paep on y^ype 
haebbenbep hyht* 

fpylce l^jiy)^ bael. 

^epeah . f • ^ • F • 
pleah opeji . j;« 

pylpep Jwp polcep :• 


I saw W and I 
10 going over the plain, 

bearing B^ E : 

both had on the journey 

a possessor's joy, 

H and A ; 

as also some bodies of men, 

p and E, 

rejoiced F and A, 

flew over EA, 

» of the folk itself. 

2 I 



Cpico paej' ic iie cpse^ ic pihc 
cpele ic ejine pe-j^eah. 
aeji ic paep ept ic cpom* 
a&^hpa mec peapaS- 
hapa'S mec on heabpe« 
3 mm heapob pcijie}?- 
bice's mec onbsejibc* 
bjiiceiS mine pipan- 
monnan ic ne bite* 
nym}?e he me bice- 
pnban )>ajia moni^e- 
)?era ec bica^ :• 



Living I was, I spake not aiight^ 

yet, nevertheless, I kill ; 

before I was, again I came ; 

every one robs me, 

has me in restraint, 

and my head shears, 

bites me secretly, 

breaks my ways. 

I bite no man, 

unless he bites me ; 

there are many of those 

who bite me. 

Ic eom mape- 
J?on )7ep mibban-jeapb" 
laeppe }fon honb-pypm. 
leohtpe )>6n mona* 
jTnptpe )?on punne. 
paep me pmb ealle* 
plobap on pseiSmum* 
T l?ap polban beapm* 
jpene ponjap- 
^unbum ic hjime* 
helle unbep-hnije. 
heoponap opep-pcije- 
pulbpep e)?el. 
pibe paece. 
ope]\ en^la eapb. 
eopjran jepylle. 


I am greater 
than this mid-earthy 
[125 b.'] less than an earth-worm, 
lighter than the moon, 
swifter than the sun ; 
the seas are all, 
the rivers, in my embrace, 
20 and this lap of earth, 
the green plains. 
The depths I touch, 
under hell descend, 
mount o^er the heavens, 
the abode of glory 
on all sides I reach, 
o^er the abode of angels ; 
the earth / fill. 

5. heaSjie? 10. MS. nymhe. 14. MS. minban-. 15. Lit hand-worm. 



ealne mibban-jeajib 
'J mepe-p:7ieatnaf • 
pbe mib me jyljiuiH' 
j-aja hpaec ic hatt:e :• 

all mid-earth, 
and the sea-streams, 
on all sides with myself. 
Say what I am call'd. 

Ic )>apiht ;efeah» 
on pe; pepan- 
heo paep ppaetbce* 
punbpum jejieppeb :• 


I saw the creature 
on the way going, 
it was curioasly, 
wonderously, equip'd. 

Punbop peapiS on peje 
paeteji peap% to bane :• 


^ wonder was on the way, 
10 water was tum'd to poison. 


Pihc ip ppaeclic- 

l^am )?e hyjie pipan ne conn* 

pttje^S jniph pban* 

ip pe ppeopa p6h. 

o}\}H>ncum ^epojiht- 

hapa)^ eaxle tua* 

pceapp on jepcylbpum- 

hip jepceapo J^e- [126 a.] 

ppa ppaethce. ^ 

be peje ptonbe- 

heah ^ hleoji-copht* 

haele]mm co nytte :• 


77ie thing is curious 

to those who its ways know not, 

it sings through its side, 

the neck is crooked, 

cunningly wrought ; 

it has two shoulders, 

is sharp on the blade-bones ; 

its form 

so curiously 

in your way stands, 

high and bright of countenance, 

for use to men. 

1. MS. ealbne. 

12. MS. hyjia. 

18. hypel 

SO. ftonbatf? 

2i 2 



Ic eom picef aeht. 
peabe bepaejieb* 
pfci"5 •] pteap. 
ponj-j'Ca]?ol paep iu-]?a. 
pypta pbce topbtpa- 
nu eom ppa}>pa lap- 
pypep "J peole. 
paefte jeneappab- 
pipe jepeop}?ab- 
pepe'S bpilum- 
pop mmum jpipe- 
pe|?e jolb pijeiS • 
JTon ic y'pBxi pceal- 

:|c ♦ 4c 



I am the property of the great, 

with red clothM^ 

stijBT and lofty ; 

my field-station was formerly 

tban plants' aspect brighter ; 

now I am the leaving of foes, 

of fire and slaughter, 

fast confin'd, 

by wire bound ; 

sometimes weeps 

for my gripe, 

he who bears gold> 

when I 


Ic paef * * 

* * bete* 

* * jeap. 

pe unc jemaenet 

* ♦ ♦ 

ppeopcop min- 

pebbe mec * * 

* * * 

* peopep fceah* 
j'paepe bpoj^op- 

]?apa ]?e on-punbpan jehpylc 
baej-fcibu me- 
bpincan pealbe* 

♦ * * 

my sister 
gare me birth 

20 * four drew, 
own brothers, 
of whom each apart^ 
in the day time me 
gave to drink 

(». sepli0o>ab (zepni>ob)t 

IS. yeietl 



)?u}ih )^ypel )?ea]ile« 
ic ]?8eh on luft* 
o)>}^8et ic psef ylbjia* 

fpeapt:u hyjibe. 
pj^abe pibbop- 
mea]\c-pa}^af palaf tp»b< 
mojiaf psB^be* 
bunben unbeji beame* 
beaj; haejibe on healpe- 
pean on lapee* 
peopc )^opabe« 
eajijzolSa bael* 
offc mec ipejin pc6b« 
pape on pban* 

ic fy^ffA^e* 
naeppe melbabe- 

monna senpi* 
jip me opb jt;«pe. 
ejle psepon :• 



abundantly through a hole. 

I throve prosperously, 

until I was older, 

and then left, 

with a black guardian, 

joumey'd further ; 

the Welsh frontier paths / trod, 

the mountains travers'd, 

bound under the breast, 

a ring had on my neck, 

affliction on my track, 

trouble /endur'd, 

a share of hardships. 

Me oft has iron injur'd 

painfully in my side ; 

I kept silence, 

never spake 

to any man : 


they were troublesome. 


Ic on pon^e apeox* 

punobe J>aep mec pebbon. 

hpupe 3 heopon-plonc. [126 i.] 

dp^BBt me onhpyppbon- 

jeapum ppobne- 

^a me jpome pupbon- 

op Jwpe jecynbe. 

)?e ic sep epic beheolb^ 

onpenban mme pipan* 

pejebon mec op eapbe* 


I on the plain grew up^ [forth, 

dwelt where they brought me 

in earth and heaven exulting, 

until turn'd me, 

stricken in years, 

those who were hostile to me, 

from the nature, 

which I ere living possess'd^ 

changed my liabits, 

bare me from my dwellings 

4. )>onne? 

9. beapnie? 

22. MS. ponohe. 




jebybon peet ic j'ceolbe. 

did so that I must, 

pij? jefceape tnini3. 

against my nature^ 

on bonan piUan* 

to a murderer'^ will 

bu^an hpilum* 

sometimes bow. 

nu eom minep ppean* 

Now / am with my master's 

folme by 

hand ♦ * * 

♦ a|c :|c 

* * •'••Ian bael- 

ji}: hij- ellen beaj* 

o)?)?e|i xjzep bome« 

* * * 


♦ * * 

maep)?a ppemman* 


pyn • • • • ^ ^ 

* * ♦ 

on )?eobe utan* 


3|c * :|c 



eaxle jejyjibe. 

* ♦ * 

3 j^iopa j-masl- 

jnban pealpe- 

* * * 

4: * 4: 

* * * 

* * * 

J>on mec hea]?o pjel. 

when me the glorious sun. 

pcip befcine^- 

bright, illumes, 

;) mec * * 

and me * * 

♦ ♦ * 

♦ * * 

jaejpe peopma^* 

90 well nourishes, 

3 on }:ypb pije^. 

and to the army bears nie, 

cp8ep:e on haepce. 

by craft, in captivity. 

cuiS ip pibe. 

It is widely known, 

)?8ec ic l^pij-fca pum- 

that I, a bold one, 

J?eopep cpaspce. 

with a thiefs craft. 

21. fe%et5f see p. 484. 1. 12. 



unbeji bpaejn-locan* 
bpilum eapuDja* 
poji'Speapb bpece- 
pBst »p ppi% haepbe- 
pepiDje ppom- 
he pup )?onan« 
penbeiS op )^m picuni* 
pi^a fe]?e mine* 
pifau cunne* 
j-aja hpsBt ic batte :• 


among wardrobes ; 
sometimes openly 
a land's fastness 
totally breaks 
wbicb ere bad peace. 
Suddenly resolute, 
be^ hastening tbence, 
turns from the camp, 
the warrior who knows 
my ways. 
Say what I am call'd. 


Ic p»p |3emne jeonj' 
peax-hap cpene- 
'J senile pine- 
on ane tib* ' 
pleah mib pujlum* 
3 on plobe fpom« 
beap unbep y}>e. 
beab nub pfcum* 
3 on polban ftop- 
bsepbe pep's cpicu :• 


I was a damsel young, 
a hoary-beaded woman, 
and an excellent man, 
at one time. 
I flew with the birds, 
and in the river swam, 
div'd under the wave, 
was dead with the fishes, 
and on earth stept, 
bad a living soul. 

Ic fpijxne jefeah 
on fpa)?e pepan- 


[127 ^0 I saw a swift 

on the road going 


I. bpiesl'- 

SI. MS. fojit. 

24. r. HI'hN' 



Ic ane jefeah 
ibefe fittan :• 


I saw one 
woman sitting. 

Se mec pebbe* 

funb-helm ]?eahte- 

•3 mec ypa ppujon* 

eoji]7an jetenje- 


ojit: ic plobe onjean* 

mvcS ontynbe- 

nu pile monna pim* 

mm }d»fc pjietan* 

jpellef ne pecceiS- 

p)?)?aii he me op pban 

feaxef opbe* 

hyb apype'S* 

* * ....J>e. 
pt'l^an lie"?. 


* * * 


He who produced me, 
with a watery covering deck'd me, 
and the waves concealed me, 
heavy on earthy 
pathless ; 

oft towards the flood I 
my mouth open'd ; 
10 now will some man 
my flesh devour, 
for my skin he recks not, 
when he from my side, 
with knife's point, 
my hide tears, 

afterwards bums me 

Ic eom aej^elinjep. 
aeht *] pilla :• 


I am a noble's 
90 property and will. 

17. 8Ble«? 




Ic eom «J>elmjef . 
Fypb-jiincej' jepapa. 
ppean minum leoj:* 
cyninjef jefelba- 
q?en mec hpilum- 
honb on-lejeS* 
eojilef bohtoji* 
J^eah hio «ipehi fy. 
hsebbe me on bofme* 
'psst on beajipe jepeox 
hpilum ic on ploncu- 
picje jube. 
hepjef on enbe- 
beapb if mm tninje- 
op: ic poiS-bopan- 
popb-leana jiim- 
ajype »ptep jiebbe. 
jdob !]• mm pipe* 
•] ic j^ylpa pilo. 
Y?qfl bpset ic batte :• 



I am a noble's 


a soldier's fellow-traveller, 

to my master dear, 

a king's companion ; 

a queen on me sometimes, 


lays her hand ; 

an earl's daughter, 

though she be noble. 

/ have in my bosom 

what grew in the grove. 

Sometimes I on a proud 

horse ride, 

at the end of a troop. 

My tongue is hard. 

Oft I to the poet 

a loan of words 

give for bis verse. 

Good is my manner, 

and I myself excellent. 

Say what I am call'd. 


Ic eom byleb-bpeopc. [127 A.] 


beapob b»bbe* 

^ beane pceopc- 

eajan ^ eapan^ 

-J »nne yobt* 

hpycj *] heapb nebb* 

I am puff-breasted, 

of neck inflated, 

have a bead, 

and a high tail, 

eyes and ears, 

and one foot, 

a back, and a hard nib, 



hneccan fteapne- 
•] fiban cpa- 
fa; on mibbum* 
eajib ofep »lbu* 
ajlac bpeoje* 
J^aeji mec pejeiS. 
fepe pubu hjiepe*8 
^ mec ftonbenbe. 
ftpeamaf beata*S* 
hsejl fe beajiba* 
•] hjum l^eccB. 

% 4e 3(c 

;j pealle'S pnap- 
•] ic J?KC * ' 

4e :|c 4e 


a high nape^ 

and two sides^ 

a sack in the middle, 

a dwelling over men] 

misery I suffer, 

where me bears 

he who the wood touches, 

and me standing 

streams beat, 

the hard hail 

and rime cover 

4e 4e a|c 

and snow falls 

eaft mme :• 


Fpob paej' mm j:iiom-cy[nn] 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

biben m bup^um* 

]i)?}^an b«lep« 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

♦ * ♦ 

♦ * pepa* 
hpe bepunben- 
pyjie jepaelj'ab. 
nu me fah pap**** 
eopj^an bpo]?op« 

pe me aepept peap*8. 
jumena Co jypne- 


Wise was my ancestry, 

4c 4e 4e 

dwelt in cities, 
after that fire's 

^^ ^^ ^^ 

♦ 3(C ie 

4e 4c * 

with life surrounded, 
with fire purified. 
Now to me hostile * 
earth's brother, 
who to me was first 
of men as a snare. 

S. jac? 

16. jpjiunu? 



ic pul ^eajipe jemon^ 
bpa mm ppom-cynn* 
fjiuman alette* 
eall Of eajibe* 
ic him yple ne mot* 
ac ic on hsept-nyb- 
bpilum ajiffipe* 
pibe jeonb ponjaf • 
h»bbe ic punba ):ela< 
mse^en milytel* 
ac ic mif^an fceal* 
monna jebpylcu* 
be^olpulne bSm* 
bypan cjmp^ey. 
fi'S-pset mmne* 
yvLjjBi bpsec ic bacce :• 


I full well remember, 
who my ancestry, 
my origin, scatter*d 
all from their home ; 
I may not him injure, 
but I him into captivity 
sometimes drive, 
wide o'er the plains. 
I have many wounds, 
in mid-earth 
no small power, 
but I must conceal 
from every man 
my dark power 
of precious craft, 
my journey. 
Say what I am call'd. 

An pihc If* 
punbpum acenneb* 
bpeoh T jtepB' 
hBfsiS pyne fcponjne- 
Spimme 2pymeta«. 
^ be 2punbe {lapa'S- 
mobop If monijpa* 
m«ppa pibta* 
paejep pepenbe* 
punba^ »ppe- 
neol 1]* neajio-jpap* 
nseni; o)?pum msej* 
plice ^ pij-an. 


There is a creature 
wonderously brought forth, 
20 rugged and cruel $ 
[128 a.] has a strong course, 
fiercely roars, 

and along tbe ground goes, 
is mother of many 
greater creatures ; 
speedily going, 
it ever urges forward ; 
low it is and hard of grasp ; 
no one to other may 
30 its aspect and nature 

S. fiiuiii 


7. abjuejre? 

19 MS. acennetf. 



popbum jecyj^an. 
hu mij'hc bi)?* 
maejen ]?ajia oynna* 
jypn-pop-B- jej'ceapc . 
paebep ealle bepat* 
op "J enbe* 
j-pylce an f unu* 
msepe meotubef beapn 
t'upb * * 

% 9fc a|c 

T f byhpce mae. 

4c 4c % 


by words make known, 
how various is 
the power of those kinds. 
The long-pass'd creation 
the Father all guards^ 
beginning and end^ 
as also the only Son^ 
great Child of the Creator, 

4e ♦ ♦ 

and the highest 


* * »p paef • 

pbcij T pynj'um. 

a|t 3|c 3K 

bij^ feo mobop. 
msejene eacen- 
punbpu [5e]ppeJ?eb. 
piftum jehlaben. 
hopbum jehpoben* 
haslej^um bype- 

msejen bi'S 2^°^i<^l^^' 
meaht jejT^eotlab* 
phfce bi}> jepeopj^ab. 
pulbop-nyctm jum • 
pynjo! pulbop-junm- 
ploncu jecenje. 
clsen-jeopn bi"8 *] cyjt;ij* 
cpffipte eacen- 
hio bi}? eabjum leop- 
eapmunje c»fe« 
fpeobc feUic. 

10. What follows is apparently part 
13. MS. xnobboj^. 

* * ere was 

beauteous and winsome 

% 4e % 

The mother is 
in power great, 
wonderously sustained, 
with provisions laden, 
with treasures adom'd, 
to men dear ; 
her power is augmented, 
her might manifested, 
her aspect is honour'd 
by glorious duties ; 
a winsome gem of glory, 
to the proud oppressive ; 
pure she is and bountiful, 
great in skill ; 
she to the rich is dear, 
to the poor benevolent, 
joyous, excellent, 

of another enigma. 

33. or 23. punboji- ? 



)!pommaft ^ JTiJ'ojt. 
jiFjiojt; -J xjiaebjoj-c. 
2punb-bebb cjubej?- 
JwBf ye unbeji lypte. 
aloben pupbe* 
'J selba beajin* 
eapim fape* 
rpa f pulbop-pipe^- 
poplb-beapna mae^e- 

];eah ]^ pep]7um jleap- 

* * * 

mon-mobe piottop- 
menjo punbpa* 
hpufan biiS heapbpa* 
hselef^uin jrpobpa- 
^eopim bi|^ jeapopa* 
pmmu beoppa* 
populbe fbti'gBcS- 
pseftmum tybpe^J. 
ppene bpafccS- 

♦ lie 4c 

opt ucan bepeoppetS- 
anpe )?ecene* 
punbpum ^^plicejab* 
jeonb pep-^eobe- 
f papati- 

pepaf opep eop)^n- 
]?8et majon micle- 

* * hip' 
ftanum bepfcpej^eb. 
jTopmiim * * 

4e i|( 4e 

[128 A.] 

most strenuous, and most strong, 
most rapacious^ and most greedy^ 
she treads the bed of earthy 
from what time she under heaven 
was led fortb^ 
and the children of men 
with eyes beheld. 
So that glorious woman, 
world-children's daughter^ 
10 although in soul sagacious, 

^» ^b ^^ 

with human understanding wise 

in many wonders, 

than rock is harder, 

than men wiser, 

in gifts is, 

than gems, dearer, 

the world beautifies, 

with firuits teems, 

crimes extinguishes, 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

20 oft casts out 
from a house, 
wonderously adom'd, 
among people ; 
at that gaze 
men over earth, 
that may great 

with stones heap'd, 
with storms * * 

10. 19. Here a line is wanting. 

88. bejTjiepeb? 




Nif mm fele fpije- 
ne ic jylp^ hlub* 
ymb unc bjiyhfc fcop. 

% 4e a|c 

p}> aefc-fomne- 
ic eom fpipcjia |?on he 
f^jiajum jTjienjjia. 
be f^eohti^a* 
hpilum ic me jiejre. 
he fceal ypnan pop's, 
ic him m-punije* 
a }^nben ic bpje* 
pp pic unc jebaelaiS- 
me hv9 beaS ptob :• 


My comrade is not silent, 

nor I myself loud, 

for us two the Lord assigned 

3te 3|e 3|e 

a course together. 

I am swifter than he, 

at times stronger, 

he t^ more enduring : 

while I rest 

he must run forth : 

I in him dwell, 

ever while I live, 

if we part, 

death is decreed to me. 


Piht cpom ^onjan* 
J?«ji pejiap p«con. 
monije on maeiSle* 
mobe pnottpe* 
baepbe an eaje- 
^ ea]mn tpa- 
^ u. pec- 

xu. bunb beapba* 
bjiyc T pombe. 
^ honba tpa- 
eapmap *] eaxle* 
anne ppeopan* 
^ pban fcpa. 
paja bpa&t ic hacte :• 


[129 a.] 

A creature came walking 

where men sate, 

many in assembly, 

prudent-minded ; 

it had one eye, 

and two ears, 

and two feet, 

twelve hundred beads, 

a back and belly, 

and two hands, 

arms and sboulders, 

one neck, 

and two sides. 

Sav what I am call'd. 

1. j-el for jej-elf 

S. bjiyhten? 

5. MS. jpi/rjie. 




Ic feah punbopbce piht- 
pombe h»pbe micle* 
J^yjmm je}>punjne. 
^ejn poljabe- 

maejn-ftponj ^ munb-pof* 
micel me )?uh&e- 
^obbc jum-pinc* 
2pap on fona* 
heofonef coJ>e« 
bleope on eaje- 
hio bopcabe* 
pancobe pillum* 
hio polbe pe-^eah- 

♦ ♦ 3|C 


I saw a wonderful creature, 

it had a large belly^ 

violently press'd : 

a man foUow'dj 

strong of might and fam'd of hand. 

Great seemM to me 

the goodly man, 

graspM on it instantly, 

with heaven's tooth, 

blew in its eye : 

it bark'd, 

thank 'd willingly ; 

it would, nath'lesB 


Ic peox J^aep ic * 
♦ ♦ ♦ 


•] ]*umop * 

4c * 

4c ♦ ♦ 

ac ic up-lonj pcob- 

)wp ic * * 

« ♦ ♦ 

-J mme bpo)K)p» 
bejen psepon heapbe* 
eapb p«r Yy peop^pa. 
)>e pic onftx>ban» 
hypptum }>y hyppa- 


I grew where I * 

♦ 4c ♦ 


and summer * * 

4c 4c 4c 

but I upright stood, 
where I * * 

4c 4c 4e 

and my brothers 

both were hard. 

The land was the more worth 

on which we stood, 

with ornaments the nobler. 



pil opt unc hole ppujon 
pubu-beama helm* 
ponnu nihtu* 
fcilbon pi^ pcujium* 
unc jepcop meotub. 
nu unc maejian tpam- 
ma^ap uncjie* 
fculon »pt:ep cuman- 
eapb o^J^pin^an* 
pnjpan bpo]H)p :• 


Full oft us the holt coyer*d, 
the shelter of the forest trees, 
in the dusk nights^ 
shielded us against showers : 
us the Creator form'd. 
Now than us two greater, 
our kinsmen 
shall come after, 
the land oppress, 
younger brothers. 


Gom ic jum-cynnep- 

an;a opep eop]?an* 

ip nun baec ponn ^ punboplic 

ic on puba pconbe* 

bopbep on enbe* 

nip mm bpo)K)p hep* 

ac ic pceal bpo)?opleap- 

bopbep on enbe- 

pca)?ol peapbian- 

ptoban paepte. 

ne pat hpaep mm bpo)?op* 

on pepa sehtum- 

eopt^an pceata* 

eapbian pceal- [129 6.] 

pe me aep be healpe- 

heah eapbabe- 

pit psepon jepome- 

psecce to ppemmanne* 

ne nseppe uncep ap)?ep hip* 


I am of human kind 

singular on earth ; 

my back is dusk and wonderful ; 

on wood I stand 

at the taUe's end 3 

my brother is not here, 

but I shall brotherless^ 

at the table's end, 

my station keep, 

stand fast. 

/ know not where my brother 

in men's possessions, 

earth's regions, 

shall inhabit, 

who ere by my side^ 

high^ inhabited. 

We were united 

strife to promote ; 

never either of us 

11. In the MS. this riddle is joined with the preceding. 
39. ne seema a repetition froiki the word preceding. 

20. r. jronban. 


ellen cy*8be. 

his courage manifestedj 

fpa pit p»pe beabpe. 

so we to the war 

bejen ne oujmn^an. 

both press'd not. 

hu mec imfceajita* 

Now me monsters 

mnan plicaiS* 

tear within. 

pypba)) mec be pombe* 

injure me in the belly. 

* » * 

» * * 

* * ne insBj. 

aet )?am ppojie pnbe^- 

rpeb pej^e re-"- * 

n- « * 



Mipum mbetuji mihi lupup ab ajno tenetup* 

Obcuppit ajnup et capit uipcepa lupi* 

Dum ptapem ec mipape uibi jlopiam majnan. 

Dui lupi pcantep et teptium tpibul[ancep] • 

IIII. pebep habebant cum peptem oculip mbebant :• 



Mm heapob ip- 

My head is 

homepe jej^upen* 

with a hammer beaten. 

peapo-pila punb- 

with war-darts wounded. 

ppoppen peole* 

rub'd with a file. 

opt ic bepne. 

Oft I insnare 

}wBt me onjean ptica'B. 

90 what pricks against me, 

J'on ic hnitan pceal- 

when I shall butt. 

hpmjum jypbeb. 

with rings girded. 

heapbe pi"? heapbu. 

cruelly against the cruel. 

hmban J^ypel* 

pierced from behind. 

S. r. OD^jionjon. 

4. r. nu. 10. r. mihi uibetuji. 

IS. MS. rjiibul only. 

17. -pilef 19. be^mef 

2 K 



ysst rrSney ppean* 
mob .p. ppeo|^a'S- 
bpilum ic unbeji bsec 
bjiejbe nebbe' 
hyjibe J?«f hojibef • 
ySii mm blajzojib pile* 
lape l^ic^an* 
)^a]m ^ he of lipe bet- 
p8el-cji»|:[tum] appecan 
piUu pnii :. 

shall drive forward 
what my master's 
mind's hope will favour^ 
in the middle of night. 
Sometimes I backwards 
[130 a.] draw my face^ 

a keeper of the hoard, 
when my lord will 
the heritage receive 
10 of those whom he from life bade 
by deadly crafts be driven^ 
through his will. 


Fpea mm * * 

♦ « 4c 

* * * pob< 

ba^-pime ppob- 
beo**** * * 

3|C ♦ :(C 

hpilC ft:ealc-hli]70* 
jmjan fceolbe. 
up m epeh 
hpilv epfc jepafc- 
m beop-balu* 
dujul^e recan. 
j-cponj on ftaepe. 
fcan-ponjaf jpop* 
hpimij-heapbe • 
hpilum hapa fc6c* 
popft op peaxe- 
ic op pufum pab. 


My master * * 

wise in number of days 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

sometimes the steep heights 

should mounty 

up in the country ; 

sometimes again retir'd 

into the deep dells, 

seeking benefit, 

strong in step, 

the stony plains cut up, 

hard frozen ; 

sometimes / shook the hoar 

frost from my hair. 

I from the ready rode. 

11. rum supplied ftx>m conjecture. 

97. MS. jreax. 



olpydst bun ]H>iie jleap-jTol* 

^in^jian biio)K)ii- 

mm apiabe- 

^ mec Of eapbe abjiaj:- 

]i]7)'an mec ifepn- 


bpmi bennabe- 

blob uc ne com- 

heoljzop oj: hpe)7)ie* 

)>eah mec heapb bite lo 

fti^-ecj f tyle- 

no ic l^a ftnmbe bemeapn* 

ne fop pmibe peop* 

ne ppecan meahte- 

on pijan |:eope* 

ponnpceajrt mine* 

ac ic ajlsaca* [130 &.] 

ealle )K>li;e* 

f ••••bopb biton* 

nu ic blace ppelje* » 

puba T paefcpe. 

* * bepaeiSme* 
]?8et mec onpealleiS- 
ujzan I'ep ic ftonbe* 
eo**«« nat hpst- 
hsebbe anne poc* 

nu mm hopb papa's* 

hi)?enbe peonb* 

pej^e »p pibe b»p. 

pulpep jehlef^an* so 

* * pombe- 
bepaben pepeS- 
pceppelS on jttS bopb. 

♦ 3|C % 

* bsej-conbel. 

2. r. sm^jia. 

till that the * 

my younger 

brother posBess'd^ 

and me from home drove ; 

when me iron 


brown^ wounded^ 

blood came not out, 

gore from my breast, 

though me hard bit 

the Btiff-edge steel. 

I bemoum'd not the time, 

nor for the wound wept, 

nor might avenge . 

on the warrior's life, 

my misfortune ; 

but I miserable 

all suffer 

Now pale I swallow 
wood and water^ 

* * embrace, 
what falls on me, 

from above where I stand, 

* I know not what, 
/have one foot, 

now my treasure guards 
a destroying foe, 
who ere bore afar 
the wolf's companion. 

27. pejiaS? 

2 K 2 



funne * 

eapim plita^* 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

Ic eom inbjiyht^en* 
T eojilum cu'8. 
^ jieffce opfc- 
jiicum ^ heanum* 
Folcti jejrjiaeje. 
jiejieiS pibe. 
"5 me ppembef »p. 
ppeonbum ftx>Dbe'S< 
hi)>enb]ia hyht* 
pp ic habban fceal* 
blseb ID buppim- 
oppe beojihtne job* 
nu fnottpe men* 
rpij^ajt lupa)?- 
mib-pft mine- 
ic mompim fceal* 
pifbom cy}>an. 
no |?»p popb fppeca'S 
semj opep eopiSan* 
]7eah nu aslba beapn- 
la]t;af mine- 
j7ij?e feca^« 

ic rp^]^ hpilum* 
mme bemi|^e- 
monna jehpylcum :* 


I am noble^ 

and to men known, 

and rest often 

with high and low, 

among people noted : 

/go far, 

and to me strangers before 
10 friends stand, 

a hope more joyous, 

if I shall have 

prosperity in cities, 

or bright good. 

Now prudent men 

most love 

my society. 

I to many shall 

wisdom make known : 
00 there words speak not 

any on earth, 

though now the children of men, 


my traces 

eagerly seek : 

I my track 

sometimes conceal 

from every man. 

8. }:ejie? 

9. jrjiembe? 

11. hihcenbjia 7 


P. L 

4. 9. pbbe jephtS— So Ormulum, col. 392. So)» lare segg)» )»att gerr- 
salsem bitacne)^)^ gri)>es8 8ilih|>e. 

15. 28. ^efeyaii, probably an error for j^fecjan. 

34. 6. topn in A. S. does not, like the Qer. Zom, signify merely anger, 
but affliction, sadness, grief, as in this place, which therefore re- 
quires correction. 

36. 6. pep-ftol means also a gift, or rather the bestowing of a gift. See 
note on p. 289. 1. 7. 

47. 28. eaph-papu, rather shot, or shooting, than quiver. See the same 
word at p. 266, 26. I had confounded it with eaph-pepe, phare'^ 
tra, according to Lye, who probably found it in some gloss or 

50. 8. To Mr. Kemble I owe the information that the runes here, and 
pp. 284 and 285, also those in the Vercelli Poetry, pp. 136 and 
137 (A. and £., p. 88), form, when combined, the name of Cyne- 
wulf. Who this individual was, to whom we are indebted for 
the paraphrase of the Life of Juliana and perhaps all the Vercelli 
poetry, is not known ; though among those bearing the name, 
whose memory has been transmitted to us, there is perhaps no 
one to whom the above-mentioned productions may with greater 
probability be ascribed than Kenulphus, who in 992 became 
abbot of Peterborough, and in 1006 succeeded Alfeagus in the 
see of Winchester. To him iElfric dedicated his life of St. 
Ethdwold, and of him Hugo Candidus speaks in warm terms of 


P. 1. 

praise :...." quanto studio libros emendaverit non 

est nostrse parvitatis explicare. Concurrant cotidie, tarn ex Ion- 
ginquis, quam et de proximb terranim finibus, episcopi, cleiici, 
et monachi, divites et mediocres, ad ejus magisterium ; et ad 
ejus, ut et quondam Salomonis, sapientiam audiendum ; donee » 
post annum quatuordecimum» rapitur magis quam eligitur ad 
pontificium Wintoniensis civitatis." In spite, however, of this 
panegyric, Malmesbury says : " Wentanum episcopatum Kenul- 
phus, Burghensis Abbas, nummis nundinatus fiierat, sed non dia 
sacrilego ausu Isetatur ; ante duos annos hominem ezuit." 

Ghimm is inclined to assign a higher antiquity to the Vercelli 
Poems, taking for granted the integrity of the lines on which his 
surmise is partly founded, but which to me seems very question- 
able. In the following lines (See pref. to A. and E., p. xi. note), 

hp8&t$pe pc fceolon * lytlum j-ticcum * leotS-popba b»l * 
pip]>up peccan, etc. (V. P., p. 83. And. 1487-89.) 

he takes pc to be the dual pronoun, but I believe it to be the 
adverb, and that for fceolon we should read fceal on, fceal being 
the first person singular governing peccan : the whole then be- 
comes dear, and all conjecture as to the sense to be given to 
peccan superfluous. Kemble is disposed to give the authorship 
to Kenulphus the abbot and bishop, and to me probability seems 
manifestly in favour of that supposition. 

50. 23. I unhesitatingly take the rune .p. (w^n) in this place, to repre- 

sent psen, a wain or carriage, both on account of the masc. arti- 
cle f e, and of the sense, which is at least as g^ood as that afforded 
by supposing it, with Kemble, to stand for the fem. p^n, hope 
(Archseol. Vol. xzviii. p. 363.). 

— 25. Kemble (Archaeol. Vol. xxviii. p. 362. fiote) considers this an al- 

lusion to the two (or four) seas, within which the northern na- 
tions supposed the world to be enclosed. I rather think it is an 
allusion to the deluge. 

— 29. )K)nne, then or when ; i. e. at the second destruction of the world 

by fire. 

51. 1 . blacpa fettet$— Kemble's conjecture, blase pief oette^, is extremely 

probable : in conformity with it I have rendered the line, which 
as given in the MS. affords no sense. 
62. 11. jebpeaj seems here sjmonymous with hlol$, as in V. P., p. 48. 
1. 84. (A. and £., p. 2. 1.43.), where it stands in apposition with 
hlot$, viz. m^pilpa hlot$' ppbenpa jebpaej : also, eapmhc flba 
jebpe&j. V. P., p. 85. 1. 3108. (A. and E., p. 45. 1. 1555.) 


P. L 
67. 13. Kemble with probability suggests that bifeon is the participle of 

a compound from feon, colore, and that the line is merely a re- 
petition, in other words, of 1. 10, the original Latin of which is 
probably, sanguine stillantem. 

72. 2. An adjective cpebe, of which this seems to be the accus., occurs 
not in any diptionary. 

74. 26. The MS. has co me, for which Kemble justly reads tome, vacui. 
I have not met with tom elsewhere in A. S., but it is the O. N. 
tomr, Dan. tom, and Scottish toom, empty, void. 

78. 22. hepe is here, as in Ger., of the neut. gender. 

— 31. pl»p here seems used in the plural, perhaps for jdaefc-homan. 
81. 21, 22. Read either fapl and moton, or for ;} read mib. 

83. 16. »pian here and pp. 84. 7. and 87. 24., seems used in an opposite 

sense to the usual one, viz. perpeirare, perficere. 

84. 15. ppsBte — See A. and £., p. 111. I had, with Gbimm, supposed 

ppseoe might be the true reading, hence my version impious ; 
but FP»t6 is most probably right, both here and in the Verc. 

85. 29. j^^S^r ^'^^ J^ehojbeft is a common corruption in this MS. 

— 31 . I have translated (as in almost every following case) the conjectural 

reading (ppeppun^e). ppenum seems a repetition firom the pre- 
ceding line. 

87. 21. So Ulphila: thatei skal sunns mans filu winnan, quod debet 
filius homims multum paH, Marc. viii. 31. 

92. 17. t^upjre S6]>[p]ejebe s bp^cef ^ebpeahte, 1. 15. 

94. 34. eahtan, Ger. achten, Ohg. dhton, O. N. akta. 

95. 34. teapaf ? though ^eotanis, I believe, to be met with governing a 

dative ; yet Alfred's Beda, 2. 6, has jeat teapaf, and 1. 27. ^eo- 

tan jebebu. 
101. 11. fedm-eabij, lit. blessed with, or happy in power or authority, 
102.21. ebep-^on^, from ebop, sepes, septum, tectum: see "Ancient 

Laws and Inst, of England," Ethelb. 27. note. 

103. 9, 10. This passage I do not understand. May it be an error for 

* * lenj)»u. fm-^eopipe bpucatS ? 

104. This poem is highly unintelligible. It is probably, like many others, 

a translation from a Latin original by one ill qualified for the 
task ; and this I suspect to be a chief cause of the numerous 
obscurities attending similar productions in Anglo-Saxon. 

105. 23. bo^op, O. N. dsegr, semissis diei naturalis, 

106. 17. Inmutab-— To this word I can assign no meaning. 

107. 13. bpe^b-pr' O.N. bragd-vis, dolosus, callidus\ from bragd, techna, 



P. 1. 

dolus, and vis, vnse : so, butan bpnbe ^ butan bennce, Anc. 

Laws and Inst, of Engl. 

110. 29. pa]>u — See Gloss, to Beow., v. paS, and A. and £.> p. 116. 

112. 15. p»le — See A. and E., p. 143. 

113. 13. p»p-fcjl:um, with wUes, and so also, perhaps, p. 48. 1. 4. 

115. 4. pop, quiet, repose; Qer. Ruhe, Ohg. rawa, ruowa. 

— 6. ])uph l^tel f»c — Kemble condders this line to refer to the pre- 

ceding sentence. 

— 11. bif sec — ^The signification of this word here seems quite irrecon* 

cileable with that required in Edg. Can. bdi. In the present 
instance it is the Ger. Besuch. 

116. 34. pealdj — I am not aware of the existence of this word elsewhere, 

though its meaning is evidently the same as peafceiqt;. 

118. 4. pot$, usually carmen,*hut here apparently used for sound in general. 

— 13. Kemble considers jelunp here rather as good than bad chance, or 

mischance ; but probably an antithesis is intended. 

119. 22. bpeobpian = bpeban, auferre ? 

— 27. jena&jatS, see A. and E., p. 148. 

120. 1. ponb, poet, or error for panbobe? Kemble takes it as the past 

tense of pmban, in the sense of to swerve, panbian is usually 
followed by pop, and here we have ponb pop. 

121. 3. peopcum, though usually signifying painfully, with difficulty, ogre, 

moleste, seems here to bear the sense I have given it. 

— 11-13. I much doubt the sense of these lines. 

122. 12. anab, and p. 471. 1. 22. an-»b, Ger. Einode, Ohg. ein6ti, a des- 

sert, solitude. I have not elsewhere met with this word. 
-*- 29-32. I much doubt the sense of these lines : pluman does not, to 
my knowledge, occur elsewhere. 

123. 12. neopan seems here to bear the signification of the O. N. njosna, 

explorare, speculare. 

125. 2. I do not see to what hine refers, and doubt the accuracy of pp- 


— 15-17. The sense of these lines is to me doubtful. 

126. 16. Kemble proposes on opecte, and, 1. 18. %ecy6eb, and, 1. 19. ])8&p 

him, &c. Who was greater than he in battle, in our times, a 
champion illustrious ; therefore, SfC. 

127. 29. jebpocen from bpecan.-^K. I have derived it from bpucan. 

128. 19. h»lu for h»le. — Substantives of this declension are not unfre- 

quently used indeclinably. 
•— 31. anuro here and elsewhere seems used for iS^enum. 
130. 14. pe )>ec m 1^ jels&bbun. — ^This and what follows relates to the 


P. 1. 

lost portion of the poem, for which see Felix of Croyknd, in 

Acta Sanct. Benedict. In the A. S. translation of Felix, the 

passage runs thus : Da seftep fan ])a apepijeban S^r^f ^^^® 

jenamon ^ hine fpunjon mid ifenum fpipum. ^ fs. »pcep )K)n 

hi hme Is&bbon on J^am onjp jrpbcan pt$epum becjmx ])a cealban 

paca fmfie Ijrpce. fa. jefeah he ealne nopt$-b^I heoponef fyflce 

he p^pe fam f peapteftan )K)lcnum Jmbf ealb fptShcpa feopojia.. 

Da ^efeah he p^pin^a unmaete pepob )»iepa apepije&pa jafta 

him onjean cuman. "^hi ya. fona ])»p co fomne ^^^abepobon. 

•^ hi fa fona ealle )Kme hal2;an pep ^elaebbon co fam fpeaptan 

tmtpeh-ftojmm helle bupu hi hme jebpohcon (MS. Cot. Vesp., 

D. 21.). Then after that the accursed spirits took him and 

scourged him with iron whips ; and then after that they led him 

on their horrid wings between the cold regions of the air. Then 

he saw all the north part of heaven, as though he were enveloped in 

the blackest clouds of intense darkness. Then he saw suddenly a 

numberless host of the accursed spirits coming towards him ; and 

they then forthwith assembled, and they then forthwith led the 

holy man to the dark places of torment ; they brought him to the 

.door of hell. Here, having shown him all that was to be seen, 

and while mftlcmg a feint to shove him in, they are suddenly 

interrupted by the apparition of Saint Bartholomew. 

132. 26. m»pan = m»prian ? 

133. 14. ma is apparently used for lenj for the sake of the alliteration. 

— 34. Kemble proposes to read jpope as a separate particle belonging 

to c^]rait$, 1. 36. 

137. 29. pep-^en^a— See Csedm., p. 257. L 25. qu. from pep =: Ohg. wer, 
latibulum ? 

140. 25. Kemble proposes to read ^Sbe adverbially, as agreeing better 
with the preceding lines. 

151. 6. This digression, though in appearance a clumsy interpolation, is, 
nevertheless, a portion of the poem, as is evident from lines 29 
and 30, p. 154, where it is connected with the rest by the al- 
literating words pjop-lean fohtun, and fec^aV. 

— 17. onftiel, institution, arrangement, from onfteUan, constituere. 

— 24. onf^ — This word I do not understand. The supposition that 

it is the Ger. Unsinn will not suit every case where it occurs. 
See p. 201. 1. 13. and 225. 1. 32. 
154. 22. 2ebih]>um, connected perhaps with beht, signifying house, dwell' 
ing, domi, as in Judith : heht h^e {nnenne * ]>8&f hepe-pe)>an* 
heaf ob onppi]mn * ;} hit to behl^e * blobi; »typan, — et istud (ca^ 


P. 1. 

put) BongtdneuM domi ostendere. I have therefore yentured to 

translate it abodes. 
154. 27. tiel-meapc, reckoning, calculaHon ? In V. P., p. 50. 1. 230. (A. 
and E., p. 4. 1. 113.)i we have tmlmet, which Ghrimm renders 
numerahilis, but which may be oonstnied aa a Bubstantiye Byn- 
on3rmouB with teUmeapc. Neither word eeems to occur eke- 

156. 22. bpejban occasionally governs a dative. The literal sense of the 

passage seems, they drew forth sounds ; i. e. uttered. 

157. 16. ept is apparently redundant, and inserted merely for the sake of 

the alliteration. 

— 29. feofhje, perhaps a derivative from fUfl, torment, 

159. 27. psep-haja, from jmji, dolus, periculum} It cannot, like fo-ha^a, 
signify a person, as it governs the gen. pi. peonba ^einnna, 1. 
\ 29. 

161. 4. bp^)>en ? perhaps bpypen, the same as bpip, hreuns, Scot, brose, 
Qer. Brei ; from bpipan, to brew, Ohg. briuwan, O. N. brugga. 

— 13. bfl&be-ps&s, written also beabo-pij : Ohg. bahweiga, lans. 

— 27. In V. P., p. 126. 1. 1716, we have (probably an error for fhtJ- 

nan) on ]>a fhtSan tib, on which see Giimm's note, Wk. and £., 
p. 158. 

— 32. peoph here seems to signify death. 

163. 31. hc-hopb for hc-homa, used obviously for the sake of the metaphor 

with onleac. 

164. 1. leomu-lamef je)>acan«*From the notion that the body or limbs 

are formed of clay. j^Jiacan is a subst. from feccBn, to deck, 

— 22. lombep, so in the North, gloss, yoeb lambop mio. Of this ter- 

mination, which seems to render the noun indeclinable, other 
instances are, halop, p. 262. 1. 3, &c., falop, V. P., p. 1 14. 1. 765. 
and p. 118. 1. 1103, (A. and £., p. 62. 1. 383. and 67. 1. 551,) 
and, perhaps, umbop. 

165. 12. The translation of onb»pu la quite conjectural, and from the 

167. 15. unhplen — ^This word I have not met with elsewhere : its signi- 
fication seems obvious from hpdenbhc, ten^orarius, tenywraUs, 
-» 82. peomj — See A. and B., p. 112, also note on p. 274. 1. 8. 

— 33. fpamobe, formed apparently from the past tense fpam : I have 

not found it elsewhere. 

171. 24. mihta, miracula. Marc. vi. 2. 

172. 5. The idiom f9!C conjointly with mfn is worthy of notice. 


P. 1. 

174. 19. Literally by incantations. 

175. 7. fomsL — See A. and E., p. xxx. 

179. 3. I am very doubtful about nht, and suspect the integrity of the 
line : it may perhaps be the Ohg. zuht. 

— 15. fcan fcip-pepeb — Kemble takes the line to express the bright 

troop of angels, such as we read of at the death-bed of saints ; 
and I incline to believe he is right. 

— 24. poma — See A. and £., p. xxx. 

182. 1. p»tep-]n)7-a — The translation courser is quite conjectural. See 

A. and E., p. xxxv., and pp. 389. 27, 427. 31. In the latter 
place it is feminine, pmbef fyf, Boet. xx. 

— 9. h»pn — See A. and E., p. 110. 

— 21. hpm^ — Signification very doubtful. See A. and E., p. 130. 

— 23. tea^op — Perhaps a poetical formation analogous to lombep, p. 

164. 22. ; but why is j inserted ? is it an error for p ? 

183. 6. bp^'^ten here seems a mere intensitive. 

184. The rest of the legend, which is void of interest, may be seen in 


185. 1. hun is an idiomatic redundancy. 

188. 3. eap, mare, 'Islandis, »p-eft': Lye. ^p-jeblonb, V. P., p. 56. 
1. 669. (A. and E., p. 12. 1. 383.) Of similar signification 
are funb-jeblonb, j^-jeblonb. See Grimm, D. M., p. xxvii. 

192. 17. bpyten, wide, broad, ample, Oer. breit } 

196. 16. Here the text is manifestly corrupt. 

199. 13. hlspaf ne hlmcaf — ^hl»p, a hill, eminence, low, as in the names 
of many English places : Taplow, Ludlow, &c. Scot, law, as 
in Oreenlaw, Harlaw, &c. Dan. lev, lov, as Haderslev, Grav- 
lev, Qjerlev, &c. This word is analogous with dim, down, sig- 
nifying also a hill. 

And illcan lawe and illcan hill * shall ni]>yred beon and lag- 
hedd— -Ormtr/tcm, col. 235. 

All all swa summ ^ lawe iss heh * abufenn o)>err eor)>e — lb, 
col. 236. 
hlmc ss O. N. hlickr, curvitas ? 

206. 29. bpeahrm, sonitus,fragor, majon, unless a verb in the infinitive 
is wanting, is here used in the sense of valent, are equal to, are 
— 30. hopnaf — hopn is here of the masc. gen., at least in the plur„ as in 
the " Battle of Finnesburh," 1. 7, where Ettmiiller's alteration 
to heoppaf is quite wrong. See his Beowulf, p. 37. ». 40. 


P. 1. _ . 

207. 6. pefpe — Sound compared to swans' feathers, on account of its 


209. 21. ^oivii, palfna. 

212. 2. folepe, a solar, or solere, a high chamber, solarium, Ger. SoUer, 
Ohg. and O. S. soleri, solari, O. N. solar, Mhg. solre. French, 
sollier, a stammer apartment; the flat roof of a house, as in the 
eastern countries ; an arbour. Though in all the other dialects, 
this seems the only place where the word occurs in A. S. 
Chaucer uses the word ; see the Reve's Tale, v. 70 ; also War- 
ton's H. E. P., ii. p. 197. note °. edit. 1840. 

214. 8. pijel-timbep— Grimm, D. G. ii. p. 529, has pijel-t, ames, 
whence I know not. I rather think it S3monymous with the 
preceding bpib, the young of a bird, the material of thefuU-groum 
bird : or perhaps it is simply bird, the timbep being the same 
as in Ger. Frauenzimmer, Dan. Fruentimmer. 

218. 9. bpy^bum — O.N. brigdi, n. pi. mutatio, variatio. 

— 15. pmta — I have not met with this word in any other A. S. book, 
nor am I aware of its existence in any kindred dialect: its 
meaning seems well expressed by the Lat. sequela, 

219. 3. ea^-^eb^^b — ^The latter part of this compound I do not under- 

225. 14. m bup^^um — A very common phrase, signifying little else than 
amongst us, amongst them, generally to be modified by the context. 

231. 23. jehejan — So ]>ms jeh., me])el jeh. See A. and £., p. 101 ; 

Ohg. hagan, concinnare, ordinare : O.N. haga ; or perhaps 
from the circumstance of such meetings being originally held 
within an enclosure, or hedge. 

232. 14. a&pplebe — ^A word of very doubtful signification, perhaps bossed, 

adorned with bosses resembling apples, Apalgx^ is explained 
by Bj. Haldorsen, aspreta ubi lapides pomorum instar tegmU 
terram. Grimm, considering it a blunder, would alter it to 
BSfiebe, from »]dian, comparare; but this conjecture, even if 
otherwise axlmissible, is rendered worthless by the frequent 
occurrence of the word. See A. and E., p. 169. 

233. 16. ontihte — See A. and E., p. 141. 

240. 6. cafepef lop, &c. — Here a word, perhaps fecga^, seems wanting 
after pn^atS, in which case the arrangement will be capepef lop 
pnjatS* fecials on rpe^e. 

243. 14. ypmen-^punb — ^The first part of this compound, a word of un- 
known signification, though forming many compounds, is now 
apparently a mere intensitive. Cf . Kemble's Glossary to Beow., 


p. L 

i. p. 246. F. Magnuaen, Lex. Myth., y. Jormungrond, and 

Grimm, D. M., p. 83. 
244. 26-29. The sense of these lines is to me very doubtful, and the trans- 
lation therefore conjectural. 
— - 32. mat^l^um-jefcealb, gazophylacium : analogous compounds are 

jnilbop-j, ieht-2- 
246. 19. ]»pemman. Nom. sing. J^pemma (]^ymma), not in the dictionaries. 
248. 16. onjeaj^e (unjea^) = unea)>e, moleste, difficulter, 
252. 28. ))e seems here almost redundant, like the Latin Hhi, sibi, 

257. 6. hhn-pasceb — See A. and E., p. 122. 

— 10. 2!^^-r^F^=SP^*r> seems to signify the same as the simple 2Pyn* 

258. 14. 2puaS-FP»ce — 1 do not know the meaning of SP^S * ^^^ ^ee A. 

and £., p. 145. 

— 26. jponbopleaf — My translation of this word is conjectural. 

262. 25. myppelfe from meppan, seducere ; O. S. merrian. 

263. 1. noV from (Goth. nan)») nejMm (^enefan), mtdere, &c. Goth, ga- 

nanCjan, Ohg. kinendan, O. S. nathian. This is the termina- 
tion in such proper names as Byrhtnot$, WulfnotS, &c. I 
have not met with it elsewhere out of composition. See Gl. 
to Beow., V. ne)«n. 

264. 21, 22. These genitives seem governed by js&lfan, 1. 2. 

•^ 28. ^elem^e, promte, prasto: O. S. gelang, porrectus, concessus, para" 


265. 29. bib-fteal ppan — a phrase signifying, give a btcUng-pIace, i. e. 

make a stand, 

266. 8. cumbol-ha^^a — From cumbol, eignum mUitare, and haja, sepes; 

therefore an enclosure under a banner, i. e. a camp. 

— 20. Lye has pitS-fteal, resistentia, but cites no authority. The fol- 

lowing line, as well as the context, seem to justify the correc- 
tion to pj-fceal. 
— • 26. eaph-]»pu — See note on p. 47. 1. 28. 

274. 8. peom^ — Of the signification of this there can be no doubt ; its 

etymon is very uncertain. See A. and £., p. 112. 

— 17. beo]pol, though here and elsewhere neuter, has, nevertheless (1. 

20.), a masc. adj., ha^nne. Herein the A. S. resembles the 
modem German. 

275. 15. nmbep here seems used as an adjective in the comparative. 
277. 27. apaf^ usually signifies manifested, discovered; but would here 

seem derived from p»f , impetus, rush, 

— 34. ploh in the Rushw. Gloss, is the pn»b of the common text of the 



p. L 

279. 19. unlaeb, Gbtih. uDleds, pauper, miser. See A. and E., p. 94. 

282. 32. fceob, O. N. akd, oblique, askew, perverse ? 

283. 1. eh-irpeam-— See A. and E.» p. xzx. and Gl. to Beow.» y. ptpeam. 

— 13. onfohte— I do not understand this word. 

288. 15. jeholena 1 The translation of these words is oonjectoral : the 
-— 16. papatS / first I have supposed an error for jeholbpa. 

289. 7. pep-fcol = ma]>|n]m-^ee Beow., 334-336 ; ftol in this com- 

pound not signifying sedes, bat is from ftellan. 

— 24. jefelba — O. S. selda, numsio, habitatio ? 

290. 26. coUen-peptS — ^A difficult word, hardly translatable in this place. 

See A. and E., p. 104. 

291. 5. hpy)ni2 — ^The translation of this word is conjectural. 

— 6. popia^ — O. S. worrian, turhare, Ohg. werran ? Here it is taken 

in a neuter sense. 

294. 3. me&-fpebij = O. S. med-gebo ? It seems here to be used in an 
unfavourable sense ; lavish, extravagant. 

296. 7. ps&ceb is here of the masc. gen. 

— - 12. ^eo-beam seems to be the generic term for a musical instru- 

— 27. yi$-bop& seems here to mean the shore. 

298. 4. FS&ft-sonjel, apparently the contrary to pib-jon^el, p. 337. 1. 15. 
300. 17. penan, assvefacere, i. q. jepimian ? O. S. wenian, Engl. wean. 
304. 2. to fj^e— Apparently corrupt, but the sense is obvious. 
307. 16. bijeal — Qu. an error for bi2»lt$, or bijdl ? perhaps the latter 

from similarity of sound. Or is bijeal really the 3rd p. sing-. 

of bi^alan, and not bi^sslS, as required by analogy? I hare 

not met with the word elsewhere. 

— 22. ah seems here used as an auxiliary verb. 

309. 26. hpetan seems used intransitively ; but the entire poem is ex- 

tremely corrupt. 

310. 10. 8&Ftep-cpe)>enbpa, apparently, things which speak /or a man after 

his death, 
-* 11. hjrsenbpa'— hpan seems here used for vivify, animate, cause to Hoe. 

— 24, 25. Perhaps we should read, m ecan hfey hhebe * bpeame, etc. 

— 29. niBpon nu — ^A singular juxta-position : periiaps ne j^bon nu. 

311. 26. jebopenum — ^bpe]>ep is understood. 

— 29. f hine->-The version is quite conjectural. 

313. This " Monitory Poem " is unintelligible and incoherent, and appa- 

rently very corrupt. 

314. 27. fcpal = O. N. skroUt, strepitus, stridor ; Dan. Skraal, a cry, 

Skrald, a crash ? 


p. 1. 

315. 1. Jypintan, to swell : such seemB, from the context, the meaning of 

this word. See p. 419. 1. 7. 

— 20. hmbep-hoca — Qu. hooks of hinderance ; or from hmban, a tergo ? 

316. 16, 17. These lines dedde the doubt entertained by Grimm as to 

whether jobe in these phrases signifies God^ or good. See A. 
and £., p. 105. 

— 23. fht$en is certainly not, as Orimm conjectures, an error for fht$ ; 

but rather the text in E. 856. (V. P., p. 126. 1. 1716.) re- 
quires correction. Its meaning seems to be, like l»ne, passing, 
fragile, fading, 

— 24. Qex, sich auflehnen. 

318. 19. Pib-jitS— -This is certainly the name (and a very appropriate one) 

bestowed on the imaginary travelling minstrel by the author of 
the poem. It has hitherto been usually taken as the regimen 
of maVolabe (ma;6elobe) ; but does ma]wban ever occur as a 
transitive verb ? In Beow. and the Vereelli Poetry, we have 
repeated instances of this verb preceded by a proper name, as 
in the present case, viz. Beofulp maSelobe, ppotSji^ m., Pijlap 
m., HunpeptS m., Elene m., but not one, I believe, where it is 
preceded or followed by a regimen. W. Grimm is, I believe, the 
only one hitherto who has taken PibptS as a proper name (D. 
Heldens., p. 375.). Similar characteristic appellations are 
Oangleri, Gangr^r, in the Edda, applied to Odin ; a king of 
the Quaenlanders is also mentioned in Torf»i Hist. Norv. named 
— « 25. mynebcne— O.S.munilic, honorijkus, vemistus,memorabilis. Ohg, 

— 26. hme I suspect to be an error for lum, which is governed by ppom 

placed after its regimen, viz. from him to (among) the Myrgings 
nobles sprung. This is the more probable, as at p. 321. 1. 27. 
he speaks of his offspring (cnofl). A nearly similar construction 
occurs in Beow., 1. 112. 66 pddt lum ejic onf6c* heah healpbene. 

— — - mypsuiS^r**^^S* Maurung^, M6rung& ; the inhabitants of the 

old Manrungania, or Nordalbingia. From the Geogr. Rav. we 
have : " Quarta ut hora noctis Nortmannorum est patria, quae 
et Dania ab antiquis, cujus ad frontem Albes vel patria Albis, 
Maurungania certissime antiquis dicebatur, in qua patria Albis 
per multos annos Francorum linea remorata est.'' By this 
Francoram linea, the Mer6wing8 are undoubtedly meant. 

319. L ealhilb— Ohg. Alahilt. The daughter of Eadwine (Audwin), king 

of the Langobards, and wife of Eadgils, king of the Myrgings : 

yww s^ 


P. 1. 

Bhe went apparently, accompanied by the bard, on a mission of 

peace to the court of Eormanric, or Hermanric. 
319. 4. hpe9-c^mnj-*^That is, king of the Hreth-goths, the ReiC-gotar of 
the O. N. writers, thus called in contradistinction to the Ey- 
(or Island) Ghiths. Their territory at one period comprised 
the extensive tract of country between the Gulf of Finland 
and the Vistula, or perhaps the Oder, together with the pre- 
sent Sweden, and even Jutland, till, by the inroads of other 
tribes, it became greatly diminished, and seems at length to 
have consisted in little more than the country lying between 
the Vistula and the Oder, comprising the modem Pomerania. 
The etymon of Hret$ or ReiS in this compound seems very 
«— 6. on^le— Anglia, the land of the Angles, l3ritig between Jutland 
and the country of the Saxons, or modem duchy of Sleswig, 
which, on the migration of its inhabitants to England in 449, 
was, according to the Sax. Chr., reduced to a waste. 
•*— 7. eopmanpic — Ermaniic, king of the East- Goths. For the story of 
this renowned conqueror, the Gothic Alexander, with all its 
anachronisms and inconsistencies, the reader ia referred to die 
Deutsche Heldensage of W. Grimm, who has diligently col- 
lected from the Teutonic and Scandinavian sources the chief 
particulars relating to this celebrated hero of northern 8ong. 
See also M Oiler's Sagabibliothek, vol. ii., for an excellent abs- 
tract of the whole story. 

The reader will not have failed to notice the apparently in- 
consistent terms in which Ermanric is spoken of in this poem ; 
but it must be observed, that at p. 819. 1. 8. (where he appears 
as a ppat$ pa&p-lo^a), it is the author of " The Scop or Scald's 
Tale" who applies to him the opprobrious epithet; while, at 
p. 324. 1. 1. and p. 325. 1. 13. it is the scop himself, the sharer 
of Ermanric's bounty, who speaks. In the note p. 319 I have 
suggested that a portion of the poem (containing the account 
of the scop's introduction to the hall of the chieftain, before 
whom he recites the story of his wanderings,) may be lost ; in 
which case the words ppapef pa&p-lojan might refer not to 
Ermanric, but to some person mentioned in the part wanting ; 
but I am now inclined to regard the whole poem as originally 
an episode only of some lost epic ; a supposition which at once 
accounts for the apparent abruptness of its commencement, as 
well as for the otherwise inexplicable circumstance of its com- 


P. 1. 

position ia a tongue totally unconnected with ltd Bubject : for 
to suppose it a translation from another Germanic dialect, 
would be giving to the Anglo-Saxon credit for a kind of know- 
ledge hardly, I fear, in existence among our simple forefathers. 
819. 18. hpala, as required by the alliteration, for which the MS. has pala. 
Neither of this personage, nor of Alexandreas (1. 20.), can I 
ascertain anything ; for it cannot surely be Alexander of Ma- 
cedon that is meant. In the genealogies a Hwala is mentioned 
as grandson of Sceaf, the son of Noah, who can hardly be the 
person here alluded to ^ See note by Mr. R. Taylor in War- 
ton's H. E. P., i. p. (95). 

— 26. 8&tla is the A. S. for Attila ; Ger. Etzel. 

— 28. bamn^um — ^Who these Banings were is extremely doubtful. 

Lappenberg, adopting a reading of Pliny, " ex quibus (insulis) 
ante Scythiam quse appellatur Batmomanna abesse diei cursu, in 
quam yens tempore fluctibus electrum ejiciatur, Timseus prodi-- 
dit," H. N. iv. 13., supposes them to be the inhabitants of the 
amber country ; but would not that be a part of Reid- Gothland ? 
What Zeuss, however, adduces to show that this reading is 
vicious seems sufficiently conclusive to compel us to reject what 
otherwise appears a very plausible conjecture. 

— 29. bupjenbum = Burgundiones : Of their king Gifica, or Gibico, 

mention is made in the Lex Burgundiorum, Tit. 3. His name 
is sufficiently known in Teutonic song. From this poem it 
would appear that the Burgundians were then seated in the 
north of Germany, while in the old Latin poem, " De Prima 
Expeditione Attilse" (edit. Fischer, v. 31.), Attila is made to 
get possession of a great treasure that had belonged to king 
Gibich in Worms. 

— 32. hajena holm-p^cum — ^This is the Norsk Havgni or Hogni, the Ha- 

gen of the Lay of Gudrun, and not to be confounded with him 
of the Nibelungen. The Norsk vrriters make him to have been 
a petty king in Jutland. See his story in Snorra-Edda, edit. 
Rask, pp. 163, 164; also in Saxo, or in Suhm, or Grater's 
transl. i. p. 245. With regard to his territory, I am rather in- 
clined to assign to the word holm the Norsk signification (a 
small island) than the A. S. one (a sea), and to suppose it to 
consist of some of the islands l3ring off the coast of Jutland. 

— 33. henben jlommum — ^The Norsk HetSin (by the usual interchange 

1 In what follows, the names of persons and countries either sufficiently known, or of 
which nothing can be conjectured, will not be noticed. 

2 L 


P. L 

between f and nd), the son of Hiairand or Hidrward, a Norwe- 
gian prince, at first the friend of Hogni, though they afterwards 
slew each other in single combat* on account of HUldr, Hogni's 
daughter, who by her incantations raised them every night to 
life, when they renewed their contest, which was to continue 
till Ragnarokr, or the great darkness, when the heavenly bodies 
are to be extinguished. The Glomms are probably to be re- 
garded as a tribe dwelling on the banks of the Glommen, a 
river rising in the mountains to the S.£. of Trondhjem. 

319. 34. pitta, &c. — Of Witta nothing is known. The rF^^paf are per- 

haps the North-Sweven. Ptolemy calls them 2ov4/3oc oe^Ay- 
ycXoi. They dwelt on the lower Elbe. 

320. 1 . paba, &c. — The Helsings, a Scandinavian people, have left memo- 

rials of their existence in Helsingborg, opposite Helaingor (Elsi- 
nore) ; Helsingfors, Helsingland. The last mentioned, over 
which Wada most probably held sway, lies in the N. £. of Swe- 
den, about Gefle. Wada is perhaps the one celebrated in Gudrun. 

— 3. meapchealp, &c. — ^The Hundings, over whom Mearchealf ruled, 

were probably the people of Hundland, a district which the 
editors of the Copenhagen edition of Ssemund's Edda (torn. ii. 
p. 86) are inclined to place in Jutland, in the diocese of Aal- 
borg, where many local names (Hundborg, Hundskmd, &c.) 
still bear testimony of its ancient occupiers. Lappenberg sup- 
poses them to have dwelt near Biarmeknd, or the country 
about the Dwina, in the White Sea, tlieir name sometimes oc- 
curring in conjunction with that of the Biarmelanders. 

— 4. ]>eobpic, &c. — ^Theodric, the son of Clovis. For his story, in con- 

nexion with Chochilagus, the Higelac of Beowulf, see Greg. 
Turon., lib. iii. 

— 5. l^yle, &c. — Of Thyle and his Bondings there seems nothing ex- 

tant whereon to form a conjecture. 

— 6. bpeoca, &c. — Of Breoca (Breca, the son of Beanstan) and his 

BrondingB we find mention in Beow., 1007-1037. Thorkelin 
(Ind. ad Beow.) supposes the Brondings' land to be the Brand- 
ey mentioned in Helga-Quida i., in which the editor of the Co- 
penhagen Edda recognises the present Branno, lying off the 
coast of Gotheborg, in Sweden. See Edda, tom. ii. p. 67. n. 44. 

— 7. bilhn; pepnum — ^These pepnaf are the Varini, Verini (the Var- 

navi of Helmold), on the Elbe, whose name is already known 
to us in the " Leges Angliorum et Werinorvm." Their earlier 
seat seems to have been in Mecklenburg. The Billings were 


P. 1. 

an old noble Saxon race. See Lappenberg's Qesch. v. England, 

i. p. 214. 

320. 8. ofpine, &c. — ^The eopaf, over whom Oswine ruled, are probably 

the people of the isle of Odand in the Baltic, anciently called 

£6vland. Or they may be identical with the Obii of Petrus 

Patricius (Exc. Legatt. ed. Bonn., p. 124); who, according to 

Zeuss, p. 152, were the same people as the Koj3av3oi of Ptolemy, 

the Xavfloi of Strabo, the Aviones of Tacitus, the Chaviones, 

or Chaibones of Mamertinus (Panegyr. Vett. i. 5, 2. 7). They 

were seated in the neighbourhood of the Swardones (as the 

Heruli, according to Zeuss, were anciently called), on the east 

coast of the peninsula, about Kiel and Eutin. As Chaviones, 

Chaibones, they appear allied with the Heruli, in the irruption 

of the latter into Gaul (Mamert. 1. c.) ; as Obii (^Oflwi), at the 

time of the Marcomanic war, with the Liangobardi in Pannonia 

(Pet. Patricius, 1. c). Of the Suardones, Aviones, Varini, &c., 

and their worship, see also Tacit. Germ., 40 ; Grater's Suhm, 

i. p. 103, Grimm D. M., p. 140. 

— 9. ]^cum S^FF^F — ^^^ f^^ (eotaf) are the Jutes : of their kmg 

Grefwulf no mention occurs elsewhere. 

— 10. pm polcpal&m^ — Of Fin, son of Folcwalda, the prince of the Fri- 

sians, see Beow., xvi. xvii., where his war with Hengest, his 
death, &c., form one of the most interesting portions of the 
poem. In the A. S. genealogies, a Fin appears as the great- 
grand&ther of Woden. 

— 13. f»-benum — ^Most probably the Island-Danes, to distinguish them 

from those inhabiting the opposite territory of Skaane, or 
Scania. Sigehere may possibly be identical with Sigar, a petty 
king in Seeland, and father of Signe, whose love for Hagbarth, 
and its tragic consequences, form the subject of one of the most 
interesting and wide-spread tales of the old North. 

— 14. hnssjr hocm^um — Hnsef, the chief of the Hocings, fell in a battle 

against Fin, the Frisic chief. See Beow., 2132, and Battle of 
Finnesburh. The Hocings derive their name from Hoce, the 
father of Hildeburh, the wife of Fin. Zeuss suggests their 
identity with the Chauci, and cites the following passage from 
iEl. Spart. Did. Jul., c. i. : Ibi Cauchis, Germanue populis, qui 
Alhim accolebant, erutnpentibus restitit tumultuariis auxiliis pro^ 
vindalium. Ettmiiller remarks that the Tab. Pent., instead of 
Chauci or Cauchi, read Had, 

— 15. helm pulpnjum*— The Wulfings or Ylfings are the same race as 

2 l2 

* »<• 


P. 1. 

the Wolsungs, of which was the celebrated Sigurd Fofnis-bana : 

of their king, Hekn, nothing is extant. 
320. 16. yelb pomjum — A king Waldar in Skaane, or Scania, is men- 
tioned by Saxo, who may have ruled over a tribe called the 
Woings, or, from their habitation on the coast, Mere-Woings, 
as in Beow., 5837. The final ar in Waldar is merely the Norse 
termination of the nominative. 

— 17. pob ^ypinpim — ^These were no doubt the North-lliuringians, 

who dwelt on the south bank of the Elbe, and were at a later 
period conquered by, and incorporated with, the Saxons. 

— 18. f»pept$ fycjum — This chieftain is one of the heroes of the " Bat- 

tle of Finnesburh," where he thus speaks of himself : PS^F^P^ 
If min nama cp»t$ he * ic eom pecjena leob. Nothing further 
occurs of him or his people. 

— 19. j^eom, &c. — Ongendtheow, king of the Swedes, was slain in a 

battle against Higelac. See Beow., xl. xli. 

— 20. fceapthepe ymbpum — Lappenberg in the Imbers recognises the 

people of the isle of Femem in the Baltic. They are per- 
haps a relic of the Ambrones, whose name, Suhm surmises, 
may yet exist in Amron, a smaU island in the Qerman Ocean 
off the coast of Sleswig, and, perhaps, in Amerland, a part of 
the territory of Oldenburg. 

— 21. fceapa lon^beapbum — ^The Longobardi dwelt at that time on the 

banks of the Elbe. 

— 22. bun h»tpepum — (Attuarii.) The Chatuarii of Strabo. From 

these sprung the Batavi : " Omnium harum gentium virtate 
praecipui Batavi non multum ex ripa, sed insidam Rheni amnia 
colunt, Chattorum quondam populus, et seditione domestica in 
eas sedes transgressus, in quibus pars Romani imperii fierent." 
Tac. Ger. xxix. See also Hist., iv. 12, 15. At a later period, 
the Chatuarii appear seated between the Rhine and the Maaa. 
These were the people attacked by an expedition under Higelac 
(see Beow., 4703, &c.), in which he lost his life ; for the merit 
of which discovery we are, it is said, indebted to Outzen (in 
his dissertation, "Ueber das Angelsachsische Beowulfs Ge- 
dicht," in the Kider Blatter, 1816 ?), who identifies him with 
the Chochilagus of Gregory of Tours (iii. 3.), and Gest. Reg. 
Francor., c. a. 515, dted by Zeuss. See also Suhm, i. (Grater, 
i. p. 27-30), who remarks : " The Frankish historian Gregory 
of Tours, who wrote in 595, is the first of foreign writers, who, 
on this occasion of an expedition, makes mention of the Danee 


P. 1. 

by name." Suhm died in 1798; Thorkelin's Beowulf ap- 
peared in 1815. For the name of Hun, see Ghrimm, D. M., 
p. (xxii.) and 299 ; and Outzen, Glossarium, p. 436. 

320. 23. holen ppofnum — Ostrosn and Westrosn in Pomerania ? Lap- 

penberg and Ettmiiller surmise that the Wrosns may be the 
Scandinavian race from whom the present Russians derive their 
name, and who first became known in the ninth century. See 
Zeuss, p. 547--566. 

— 25. hepe-papena — ^Here-fiEura = Dan. Hallandsfar, from the Swedish 

province Harknd, or Herland, now softened to Halland ? 

— 26. ojja peolb onjle — ^This was Offa (Uffo), the son or nephew of 

Garmund (Wermund) and ancestor of Higelac, famed for his 
duel with the Saxon prince Hildebrand and his comrade Swend, 
on an island in the Eider, near Rendsborg. Though an Angle, 
Saxo makes him a Dane, influenced apparently by the Scandi- 
navian propensity of transferring to the North the traditions of 
the Teutons. 

— 27. Alewih is Ali (Ole, Oluf), the natural son of Fridleif, who w6a 

treacherously murdered by Starkodder, while in a bath, at the 
instigation of his brother Erode IV. Ofia and Ali, though 
here brought into contact, are placed for apart in Saxo's cata- 
logue ; but in points of chronology, I believe the poet to be 
more trustworthy than the historian. See also Beow., ii. p. 

321. 7. yi6 in this sense with a dative is not usual. 

— 8. ppel-bop — ^Apparently the Eider so designated, its ancient name 

(Egidora, Agidora, Egdora, Egidur), of which Eider Is merely 
a contraction, being, no doubt, an analogous compound of Agis 
(A. S. ege, O. N. segir), terror, and dor, porta. The origin of 
this denomination is unknown. Thus ppel-c^, ppel-ftpeam, 
horrid, frightful, race, or stream. O. N. fimbul : so fimbul-vetr, 
fimbul-]iul, &c. See Beow., i. p. 249, and ii. p. xxidii., also 
Leo's Sprachproben, p. 75. 

— 10. fpsBfe— See note on p. 319. 1. 34. 

— 12. hpo])pulF 1 hpotS^ap, Danish kings (Scyldings) and relatives ; 

Hrothgar was the founder of Heort, to relieve whom from the 
devastations of the Grendel was the purpose of Beowulf s visit 
to his court. 

— 17. picuQa cynn*— I am inclined to believe that by this name the 

Wicings or pirates are designated ; or they may be the in- 
habitants of Wic on the isle of Rugen. 


P. 1. 

321. 18. injelbef — Ingeld, according to Saxo, was the son and successor 

of Frode V., king of Denmark, or rather Leire, while here and 
inBeow. he appears as king of the Heathohards, and foe to 
Hrothgar. See Beow., ii. p. xli. 
*— 21. hea])o-beapbna ]?p;^ — The BardibeUicosissimi of Helmold. pea)>o 
is a prefix denoting war, and may usually be rendered by the 
adjective martial, warlike. They were probably a kindred tribe 
to the Langobards. 

322. 4. mib ^earum — ^These are the Tavrol of Procop., one of the most 

powerful nations of Scandinavia (O. N. Grautas), and a differ- 
ent people from the FdrOoi. 

— 6. mib penlum, &c. — ^These are the penbla leob, of whom was Wulf- 

gar, Hrothgar's coast-guard (Beow., 693, 4.). Wendlum is no 
doubt the correct reading, lliey are most probably a remnant 
of the Vandali. 
For the Weems, see note on p. 320. 7. 

— 8. mib ^efpum, &c ^The Gef^s are, no doubt, the Gepidae. The 

Wineds are the Vinedi or Wends. Under the name of Vind- 
land (A. S. Weonodland) was at one time comprised the whole 
coast-land from the Slie or Schlei, by Sleswig, to the mouth of 
the Vistula. 

— 9. mib ^epplejum — ^The inhabitants of the north of Sweden, whose 

name is still preserved in that of the town of Gefle ? 

— 12. mib rycjum — See note on p. 320. 18. 

— 13. mib fpeopb-pepum — ^The Suardones of Tacitus, between the Tra^e 

and the. Oder } Zeuss considers them and the later Heruli one 
and the same people. 

— 14. mib hponum — In these Hrons EttmuUer is inclined to recognise 

the Grannii, or Arochiranni (Arochi Rannii), of Jomandes, who» 
according to Zeuss, were seated either in the south of Norway, 
or in the islands of the Belt. Lappenberg would identify them 
with the people of Rftnriki, in the N. W. of Sweden ; to which 
Ettmiiller objects that the people of RUnriki are the Ragnaricci 
of Jomandes, R&nriki being a contraction for RSgnariki. This 
objection is certainly not void of weight. The people of Rugen 
are called Rugiani and Rani, See Sc6pes vidsidh, p. 21. Beo* 
wulf s grave was on Hrones nses. 
— - 15. mib hea]>o-peamum — ^These Reamas are supposed by Ettmiiller 
to be the people of Raumariki (now Romerige) to the NJB. of 
Christiania ; but from the passage in Beow., 1032, 1 take them 
rather to be islanders, and that the gen. hea|K>-r8emes is there 


P. L 

governed by the following word holm, signifying not the deep 

sea, but island, and that we should therefore translate : when 

himself at morning tide, on Heathoram's isle, he bore up. 

322. 17. mib ]>popenbum — ^The Throwends, or Thronds, O.N. prsendir; 

the people of Trondhjem apparently. 

— 20. 2;u9hepe — (Gunther.) The Gundaharius of the Burgundian 

Laws, Tit. V. The Gundicar of Prosp. Aquit. ; by the regular 
change between nd and t$. 
— - 26. mib pupim — ^lliese EttmiQler supposes to be the Rygir, or in- 
habitants of Rogaland on the Bukkefiord in Norway. May 
they not be the inhabitants of Rugen ? For the Glomms, see 
note on p. 319. 33. 

— 27. mib pum-palum — ^Thatis, the Roman foreigners i the Germanic 

nations called the subjects of the Roman empire, perhaps with- 
out distinction, Wealas (sing. Wealh). Italy is even now by 
the Germans called Welschland, i. e. WdUsch land, 

— 28, 29. eatul, Italy — »l]:pine, Alboin, king of the Longobards. 

323. 7. mib fepcm^pun — ^The people of Serkland, or Saracens, whose 

name is a corrupt derivation from Shark, the east. 

— 8. mib fepin^um — ^These Lappenberg conjectures to have been the 

Seres, on the Caspian sea, noted for the production of silk. 
<— 16. nub fcpibe-pnnum — ^These, according to Jomandes and Proco- 
pius, seem to have inhabited the present Russian Lapland, and 
other tracks thereabouts, and even to have extended into the 
present Swedish Finnland. 

— 17. mib bb-]ncm2;um, &c. — ^The Lid-wicing^ are the Bretons. See 

Chr. Sax., A^ 885, where butan hb-]nccium (according to 
another MS. bb-]ncmpim) is rendered by Florence: absque 
Armoricano regno. And, A^ 918, the words pit$an op hb-jnc- 
cum, he renders by de provincia gua Lydwiccum dicitur. The 
Saxon appellation has evidently been made out of the British 
name for Armorica, Uydaw. The two eorls mentioned in the 
Chronicle, though coming from the Lidwiccas, are described 
by Florence as " pagani piratse, qui ferme ante xix. annos de- 
relicta Britannia Chdlicas partes adierant, de provincia quse 
Lydiwiccum dicitur," &c. Their names too, Ohtor and Hroald, 
vouch for their Scandinavian origin. 

The Leons are the Aevwi^oi, according to Ptolemy, the in- 
habitants of the middle of Scandinavia : the liothida of Jor- 
nandes. See Zeuss, pp. 503, 506. 

— 18. mib lonj-beapbum — ^The Longobards. 




P. 1. 

323. 20. mib hunbinjum ^See note on p. 320. 3. 

— 29. mib amothinj^um — ^The Othingi of Jomandes ? whom be describes 

as dwelling in caves hewn out of the rocks. Suhni places them 
in Sweden, where many such caverns still remain. 

— 31. mib iftum — ^The Esthonians? 

— 32. ibumm^um — Perhaps a Lettish race. 

324. 9, 10. Literally tn skiUinff number ; which may be either a phrase in 

use at the period, signifying some peculiar way of reckoning 
money ; or may signify that the 600 sceats were noted in shil- 
lings on the bracelet. 

— 31. This form is more usual in O. N. than in A. S. The rule ia, that 

where in other tongues a personal pronoun is Joined with a proper 
name by the conjunction ok {and), the ok is in O. N, omitted, and 
the pronoun put in the dual or plural number, and the same case 
as the proper name. Rasks Anvisn. till Islandskan, Stockh. 
1823. p. 228. See Csedm. p. 296. 1. 6, and this volume p. 467. 
1. 7, for other instances. 

Of the scop Sldlling no mention seems to occur elsewhere. 
He was probably the son of Skyl the harper, mentioned at 
p. 353. 1. 44. 

325. 16. hepehnjaf — The Harlings of the German Heldensage. v. 17. 

emepca -} fpibla=:£mbrica and Fritila. v. 21. BeccasBikki 
of the Edda. v. 22. )>eobpic=: Dietrich of Berne, v. 23. ppeca 
cSibeche. For these and the others see W. Ghimm's Deutsche 
Heldensage, p. 18. BJid p<isshn, 

— 28. pl'-m^^inp, — The people inhabiting a territory opposite to the 

M3rrgings thus designated, but in what direction is unknown. 

326. 16. imnbnan jolbe — ^This is in apposition with fub^a. ;] hama, 1. 18. 

— 18. hama — ^The slayer of Ermanric. He is celebrated in Beow., ▼. 

2397, for having carried off the feimed bpopnja men (brisinga 
m^), the splendid ornament of Freya, afterwards in the pos- 
session of Ermanric. See Orimm, D. M., p. 194; D. Heldens., 
p. 17-20, and Kemble's Beow., i. p. 261. 

— 28. ^efceapu like fcdp from fceapian. 

827. 15. For cemian applied to human beings, see p. 836. 11. 

— 20. So A. and E., p. 166. V. P., p. 136. 1. 2459. ^eloben unbep 


328. 15. et-peohcan. The interpretation is conjectural. 

329. 20. See Beow., i. p. 255.. and Warton H.E.P., L p. Ixxviii. edit. 

331. 20. See note on p. 107. 1. 13. 




P. 1. 

331. 26. ^eb^betS (^ebp^betf or ^ehpeobetS ?). I suspect this to be the 

hitherto missing verb from whence comes the participle ^ehpo- 
ben. The transposition is merely from ignorance of the copyist. 

— 28. bp;^n is a word of frequent occurrence here and in Csedmon. 

See note on p. 192. 1. 17. 

332. 9. The version is conjectural. fnep=O.N. and Dan. snar. 

— 10. That latan is a blunder for hluban is rendered almost certain by 

the alliteration with hleape^ in the following line. 

— 19. p^pel, pi. p^plaf ; Lat. Barb. Grirgillus, Mhg. Wirbel (Werbel), 

Fr. Venrelles — Large wMea» qu* on passoU au pied cTun faucon 
pour le reienir, et sur lequel itoient gravis Vicusson et lee armes 
du seigneur d gtn appartenoit le faucon. — ^Roquefort. 

— 21. bealne— See A. and £., p. 126. 

— 22, 23. Perhaps we should read l^-iyvfc, and render the lines thus : 

leaps swift m air from his little perch, pefel=: perch* so called 
from its forked shape ? 

— 31. Of this line I can make no sense. 

334. 19. See note on p. 231. 23. 

335. 9. umbop=cdb, and is neuter. It seems to be the O. Engl. Ympe, 

imp, signifying cMld, and of similar formation to lambop, halop, 
etc. In Beow. 92, the words umbop pefenbe are manifestly the 
translation of the Latin ones adduced by Kemble in his Post- 
script, pp. iii, iv, viz. from Ethelwerd, lib. iii. 3 : " Ipse Scsef 
valde recens puer;" from Ghil. Meld. ii. 2. MS. Cant., and 
Simeon of Durham : " appulsus navi sine remige puerulus," &c. 
It occurs also at v. 2374, and in the same sense. If the above 
interpretation be admitted, the question rises — How will it aflfect 
the presumed antiquity of the poem of Beowulf ? 

Scott uses imp in the sense of child: 

My imps, though hardg, bold, and wild. 

As best befits the mountain chUd, — ^Marmion, Canto I. 

The alteration at Beow. v. 92 and 742, of wesende to we- 
sendne, is in either case needless, for, even when joined with 
an accusative masculine, the former termination of the participle 
is perhaps more usual than the latter. 

— 10. »p abl mmetS — ^That is, more quickly than disease takes them off. 

336. 5. yffi'p, mutatio — ^fsebon f hio fceolbe j^eoppan hi on jnlbpa beopa 

be; Boet., p. 190. peapp hme on p^pmef be; Caedm., p. 31. 

337. 14. bopban — ^The weak form is here observable) and denotes, I be- 

lieve, that the word is used in a secondary sense, like mu)>a, 


P. 1. 

signifjing the mouth of a river, from mu9 ; and papma, p. 377. 9. 

Whether nouns thus changed preserve their original gender, the 

examples do not enable us to decide. Qu. are the French 

broder and broderie, from bopb, the table on which the work was 

performed} In the present instance bopb seems to signify a 

work or embroidering board. 

338. 21. Compare this line with the law of Frode king of Denmark, men- 

tioned by Saxo ; wherein he insists, that the people of Garderige 
shall marry like the Danes, and take no wife, without having 
bought her, from the father or relations. 

— 26. eopl is evidently used here in its prose signification as distin- 

guished from ceopl ; the latter being here (p. 339. 6.) poetically 
designated etiboji-edfehn^. For the term eobop, as the dwell- 
ing of a ' ceorl,' see *' Ancient Laws and Institutes of Eng- 
land," Ethelb. zxvii. note. 

339. 2. ma]>m=Mhg. Meidem, a horse, more usually a gelding ? though 

we find it explained by Hengst (stallion), puledrus, palafridus, 
caballus, Wallach (gelding). The following frt>m Ziemann 
enables us to judge of its relative value : " Um einen meidem 
g(bt K6nig LUdwig nur \Z bis 15 pfd, munchner pfenmige, wOr^ 
end ein ros mit 32, 50 bis 60; em zHtenpftarit mit 30 pfimd 
besdU wird." See p. 475. 1. 7. Grrimm. D. G., iii. p. 325. 
Beow., i. p. 244. 

— 24. papijsspapiht, algosus, from psBp, alga. iElfr. cited by Lye. 

340. 5. ft^an usually has a dative. 

842. 12. The genitives tilef, &c., after onettan, I cannot account for. My 

inteipretation is quite conjectural. 
"^ 15. calc-ponbef — Inteipretation conjectural: calcsncalx. Gloss, ad 

— 28. The gray one, i. e. the wolf (p. 343. 3.). For this epithet, see 

Kraka MlQ, p. 89. edit. Rafii. 
346. 2. nepebe can hardly be correct : it affords no sense, and has a syl- 
lable too many for the rhythm. 

348. 24. pbte, perception, intuiiion ? Such would seem to be its signifi- 

cation here ; though I have not elsewhere met with it in that 

349. 8. teopanabe and teojrenebe, p. 351. 18. The interpretation is 

given solely from the context. 
852. RiMiNO PoBM. This poem I do not understand, and am there- 
fore unable to translate. 

It seems to me that the final words are in numerous instances 


P. L 

altered from their true orthography, for the purpose of forming 

a rime, and that it is by no means void of blunders. In fact, 

onppah, 1. 4, is manifestly wrong, being merely a repetition of 

the word in 1. 2, while a word is required which should rime 

with 2;eteoh. 

I subjoin an attempt at a version of a few verses which are 

the least obscure : — 

352. 25. He gifted me with life, 

who this light unveil'd, 
and the bright creation 
widely displayed. 
Glad I was in joys, 

— 30. in ornamented forms, 

in colours of delights, 
in hues of blossoms. 
Men me regarded ; 
the feast they hjl'd not, 

353. 1. in the vital gift rejoiced, 

in fretted cups, 

in a dwelling on the plains, 

in young hopes. 

in pleasure with long 

* * « 

— 7. Then was with fridts awaken'd 

the world * * 

— 11. Gnests went, 

in social converse mingled, 
pleasure lengthen'd, 
joyously embellish'd. 

— 17. On the watery stream was a way, 
where the vessel glided near by me. 
I had a high condition ; 
in hall to me was no compeer, 
who there a proud word utter*d. 
Oft there a man would wait, 
that he in fi^ court might see 

352.34. foralu^n? See Beow. 159. 353. 1. winef 3. piosf 

4. p^num T 1 8. O. N. \i^ 1 ne error for neh f 

20. i&ti for jejaba? yet see A. and E., p. 160. 21. jisbbe? 


P. L 
353. 24. the weight of treasure. 

With thanes doughty, 

while I was powerful 

the valiant prais'd me, 

in battle sav'd me, 

nobl J bore me^ 

— 30. from foes protected me. 

Thus me joy's gift held, 
« « « 

— 33. a foundation for my possessions placed, 

my steps govem'd. 
As it were the whole earth, 
I possess'd the princely throne : 
in magic words I spake. 

48. My servants were diligent, 
Skyl was my harper ; 
loud he sounded, 
his tones echoed forth : 
the plectrum resounded, 
nor much ceas'd it : 
the castle-hall trembled ; 

50. bright it tower'd. 
In valour I increased, 
happiness beckon'd me. 
Chieftains J favoured, 
to the brave I was bounteous, 
my mind I strengthened^ 
mj followers rejoiced, 
my tree branched, 
miy glory flourish'd, 

in prosperity / exulted. 

♦ « « 

60. Gk>ld J supplied, 
gems / cast around. 

853. 35. ze]>7hri 7 87. Lit sang. 

44. heajipejie? Skyl was apparently the fiither of jciUinj. See p. 324. 1. 31. 
47. rpe^l-ji&b (radiut 7), perhaps the same aa heajipe-nse^l, plectrum, or Ohg. foegiK 
pein. See Grimm. D. G., Hi. p. 468. fVoro Goth. swigl6n, to play music. 

51. elne? 53. ppeot^obe? 56. pie^obon? 59. blaebe? 

61. sinamaf peappabe, for peajip? 


P. 1. 

353. 64. Bold I was in anna, 

goodly in my garments, 

354. 1 . my joy was lordly, 

my condition joyous : 
the land I protected, 
to the folks I sang : 
my life was long 
among people, 
with glories heavy, 
well hung. 
Now my soul is rugged... 

— 18. flah If j^eblopen, the dart is blown. This seems to allude to a 

dart blown from the mouth. See p. 362. 1. 19. where the devil 
is called plah-peonb, perhaps from his shooting forth poisoned 
darts (words) from his mouth. 

360. 14. For the difference between papotf and papo9, see A. and £., p. 101 . 

— 18. paftitocalon — Of this extraordinary word I am unable to give any 


— 24. p^ic, artmdinetum ; Oer. Rohricht ; Ohg. rorahi. 

361. 21. peomj— See A. and £., p. 112. 

362. 9. on teofu = on anban ? So Caedm., p. 232. 1. 4, teonp ullum on 

tefo, to the hurt of the wicked; where my translation is wrong. 
Its etymon I know not. 

— 19. See note on p. 354. 1. 18. 

— 31. heolo]>-helm seems merely poetic for the simple helm. To make 

the devil a warrior is perfectly in keeping with the genius of 
A. S. poetry. That a helmet is meant, appears from Cedm., 
p. 29. 1. 2, h»le^-helm on heapob afette, where my version 
needs correction. In the Heliand, the visions that appeared to 
the wife of Pilate are described as " helith-helme biheled," p. 
164. 20. It must, however, be remarked, that the Ohg. helot- 
helm is defined latibulum, Kemble, in Gl. to Beow., renders 
h»let$-helm, galea larvata, 

363. 7. yijB. from ]^, turbo, proceUa : O. N. at pyajti proruere ? 

367. This was a favourite topic in the middle ages : the original of 

the present poem is a prose homily to be found in most of the 
MSS. (of which a Latin original no doubt exists). For the 
later poems on the same subject, see a highly interesting volume, 
"The Latin Poems of Walter Mapes," edited by Thomas Wright, 
Esq., for the Camden Society ; also ' Fruhlingsgabe, von Th. 
G. V. Karajan,' Wien, 1839. 


P. 1. 

367. 18. 2eh]>uin hpemi^ — Of S^^l'^ I csm say nothing satisfactory: jud- 

ging from the context, I imagine it to mean fortunes (both good 
and bad), lot, Lat. vices, (See A. and E., p. 97.) hpemi^, 
crying, shouting, generally in exultation, though not always, as 
in the present instance. See Warton, H. E. P., i. p. Ixxviii. 
edit. 1840. 

368. 2. calban peopbe-— So ipj, applied to the voice, in A. S. poetry. 

369. 26, 30. These lines seem very corrupt in both MSS. ^efcenta in the 

text appears evidently, from the VerceUi reading, to be an enor 
for jefynta. 

370. 17. The lines following in V. are apparently an interpolation. 

372. 21. ht$, as in Ohg., is both m and n ; a&jhpylc (1. 23.) may therefore 

stand as a neut. accus. ; though pop, in this sense* usually go- 
verns a dat., and V. has e&jhpylcum. 

373. 3. fla&fc-hopb here, and in V., is neuter. 

374. The second portion of this poem is not in the Exeter MS., and 

in the VerceUi MS., where alone it occurs, it is a fragment 
wanting the end. 

376. 20. So ecne jimb ceofan; b»l ceofan. See Gl. to Beow. 

377. 9. him be pupman — ^hmi be=be hun, by the common transposition 

of the preposition, which in A. S. poetry is constantly made to 
follow its case. The weak form pupma indicates apparently 
that it is the metaphorical worm that is here intended; the mental 
gnawing and anguish attendant on an unhappy state of life. 
See note on p. 337. 14, and Rask's A. S. Gramm., § 74. 

— 19. In this, probably the older story, it is said that Nithhad merely 

bound him (Weland) with a thong, while the Edda, magnifying 
the evil, informs us that he severed the tendons of his knees : 
" Svd, var gjort, at skomar voro sinar i kn^s botom (f6tum)." 
This, as tales are wont to gain by transmission, speaks strongly 
in favour of the greater antiquity of the Saxon over the Norsk 
version of Weland's mishap. 

— 21. The burthen of this poem I do not understand, nor why opepeobe 

is made to govern the genitive. 

378. 18. ahte, i. e. held, possessed, took refuge in (during his exile of 32 

years). Of M»ringa-burh, and Theodric's stay there during 30 
winters, nothing is elsewhere related. 

— 34. The version is conjectural ; a word seems wanting. 

379. 23. Of the scald Deor no mention is, I believe, elsewhere to be 

-~- 27. Heorrenda is the H6rant celebrated in the poem of Kutrun as the 


P. 1. 

Helt ikz Teneland ; of whose song it is related, that 
Dd sich diu naht verendet und ez begunde tagen, 
Horant begunde singen, daz dd M in den hagen, 
geswigen alle vogele van sinem suezen gesange : 
die liute die dk sliefen die 14gen dd niht lange. 

For more relative to this celebrated scald see Kutrun passim, 

and W. Grimm's Heldens., p. 325-^30. 

379. 29. lanb-pihtssnaturalization, denizenship. 

380. Riddle I. — Of this I can make no sense, nor am I able to arrange 

the verses. 

381. 6. hapi is here undoubtedly dusk, dark. 

382. 6. ftealc, contr. of fcealic (ftylic) steep, from jr^l, Ger. steil ? 

383. 2. ]>pymma pim — ^This interpretation of )>pym is almost conjectural, 

and countenanced only by Hel. xv. 10. See Schmeller's Gloss. 

— 13. See Caedm., p. 125. 1. 14. 

384. 3. eape— A very obscure word. What Grimm says in A. and £., 

and D. M., p. xxvii., is far from satisfactory. 

— 11. See note on p. 382. 6. 

— 13. h6p-2;ehnaftef — O. S. hop, caterva; Qer. Haufe. So cumbol- 

^ehnaftef , Battle of Brunanburh, Warton H. £. P., i. p. Izxvi. 
edit. 1840. 

— 15. cpyban, to crowd, press. The past tense of this verb occurs in B. 

of Brunanb. cpeab cneap on jlob. The printed texts read on- 
plot, but I adopt the more correct yarious reading. Hence, a&t 
y»m linb-cpoban, C«dm., p. 120. 21. mib hnb-jecpobe, V. P., 
p. 77. 1. 2440 (A. and E., p. 36. 1. 1221.). 
386. 35. fpit^-peopms-ppom — ^This is a frequent transposition. So hopn- 
pfc for hpon-prc» V. P., p. 56. 1. 744 (A. and E., p. 11. 1. 370.). 

389. 26. byht, dwelling, from buan : bomulary, in Cndm., p. 133. 1. 20, is 


390. 27. pte^ nijenbe — Of this line, as also of mje, 1. 29., I can make no 

395. 9. ^eblefSL, comrade, one of a hloS. 

— 20. bihlj^l^eb, deprived of comrades (sehle]nui). 

400. RidcUe XX. Here the runes are to be read backwards. Sroh= 

hors (horse). Nom=:mon (man) Rad-agew=rlid-wega (wagon, 
carriage). Cofah=hafoc (hawk). 

— 19. pp — Ohg. wiard, ohryzum, quod obradiet splendore. Graff, torn. i. 

col. 961. otcnmi vermiculatum, wire. 

401. 17. hei4K)pe, from heajwpian, cohibere} See also p. 482. 5. 
403. Riddle XXI. By this, no doubt, a plough is intended. 


P. 1. 
404. 19. hpun^e— Can this be an adjective from hpon, viz. hponij, O. N. 

hron, fluctus, unda ? 

407. 1. pillejtetJ — See note on p. 457. 31. 

— 29. bern^fefee — So V. P., ealbpe heyn^pehe, p. 79. 1. 2648 ; (A. and 

E., p. 39. 1. 1325. and p. 131.) 
410. 24. fpoppen — ^Lye, ex Med. ex Quad., has g^rP^app (^^rP^PF)* ^p^ma 

metallortim, ferrugo ; whence I conjectured that fpoppn=nf9^arf» 

but I now believe it to signify rubbed, as at p. 497. 18. fpoppen 

peole, rubbed with a file, 
417. 20. hpipl — Hence correct hpepl, p. 40. App. B. to Cooper's Report, 

which is evidently erroneous. 

— 25. ^ob-pebb— 'Ohg. gota webbi, gossypion, byssus, purpura, O. S. 

godu-uuebbi. See Graff, v. Webb, and v. Wurm ; and Schmeller, 
sub voce. 

423. 7. ^voiB., larva, cassis; neither of which significations are here ap- 

plicable : or can it be larva in the sense of the larva of an insect, 
or a spectre ? 

— 23. pp»ft = pp»fthc, delicatus, Cott. 64., cited by Lye. 

424. 1. abelan, !»• or/.? signifying probably //M. Lye has abehht, eomo- 

sus, and abel-jea'8, cloaca. 

— 30. For apepje we should apparently read appi^e. 

— 34. papoS and papo^ are often confounded, and in V. P., p. 52. 1. 397. 

are compounded : papo^-f aput$, the weedy shore, or ocean shore. 
See A. and£., p. 101. 

425. 26. mefan, manducare, epulari. Ohg. mosjan ; m<$s, cibus. 

— 32. »tef beon — Apparently an idiomatic expression. 

— 35. pepnex — Is this intended as an adjective agreeing with eapn and 

hapoc, or did the Anglo-Saxon find it in his Latin original, 
and, ignorant of its meaning, leave it as he found it ? 
433. 21. eopp; O.N. erpr, lupus. Correct therefore Caedm., p. 190. 1. 4. 
eopp-pepob, wolf-like host, in apposition with heopu (hepe) 
pulpaf, p. 189. 1. 7. 

438. Riddle LVII. This is unfinished. hea]>o-2lem, 1. 6, is no doubt 

a metaphor for a sword, analogous with the O. N. eldr, logi, 
liomi, brandr. 

— 9. peo, rather pea — In V. P., p. 88. 1. 3317, for peop, I suspect we 

should read pea ; but see Grimm's note, A. and E., p. 137. 

— 15. leolc, evidently the past tense of a verb. See A. and E. 

439. 1. palo-pabe — See Warton, H. E. P., i. p. Ixxviii. edit. 1840. 

— 2. pope, an error for pope ? from pop, suavis, popnep , suavitas : Lye, 

from Cott. 1 20. 


P. 1. 

445. According to this poem, the second destruction of the world is to 

be by water : see p. 447. 1. 12. 

— 17. jehejanne— See note on p. 231. 1. 23. 

446. 16. So Beow., 3846. bolb p»r bethc. 

449. 12. The change of gender from the fem. h;^pe (1. 11.), agreeing with 
rapel (1. 10.), to the masc. he (I. 12.), shows that a leaf is want- 

455. 7. The meaning of eaben here and at p. 13. 1. 10, is to me extremely 

— 19. hm seems to be both feminine and neuter; here it is plainly the 

latter : it forms both hma and limu in the plural. 

457. 31. pulleftatS; Ohg. fiilleistjan; O. S. fuUestian, to aid, favour, &c. 

458. 5. tyljujT — From an adjective cylij = nl, good, fit, apt. 

467. 7. fpylce pt lohannif — ^For this idiom see note on p. 324. 1. 31 . 
469. 24. fcupum fcynbe^ — ^This I do not understand, nor cfiin I concur in 
what Schmeller (Gl. ad Hel.) says about scur. 

473. 26. bpejran is generally applied to water. See Beow., 2833, 3804. 

— 28. opan — ^The interpretation of this word is conjectural. 

474. 5. onpn — According to the MS. this is the beginning of a new 


— 24. paeban jo. . . . — Is this p«ban (=p8eceb) jolbep ? 

475. 7. mafm — See note on p. 339. 1. 2. 

476. 9. j'ceapbe seems here psed adjectively like punb. fcup-beopj is 

apparently so called from its use in sending forth showers of 
arrows and other missiles. 

477. 7. peall-palan — See note on p. 322. 1. 27. 

— 11. hopn-jejrpeon — ^The same perhaps as hopn-fele, hopn-pseceb. 

The meaning of hopn in these compounds is not certain. My 
version of the line is conjectural. 
482. 5. heabpe— See note on p. 401. 1. 17. 

493. 8. pipetS — A very doubtful word : if correct, it would seem formed 

analogously with huntatS, retaining the gender of its primitive. 

494. 7. fpeohcij, or rather fpohcij, vigorous, patient of toil: "synon. 

perhaps with f pohcheapb ; O. N. f r6ttr, vigor, patientia. See 
A. and £., p. 105. 

497. 18. Ypo]i]^en — See note on p. 410. 1. 24. 

498. 17. ftealc-hli))o — See note on p. 382. 1. 6. 

500. 14. ^ob is here of the masc. gender, but is probably an error of the 

2 M 


Page 6. line Z%for inne read minne. 

— 18. mte »o, — 479. 17. read 455. 7 ; /or Beet, read Boet. 

— 46. IvM 24, — brighter read bright. 

— 139. — 16, — by him read by them. 

139. — 17, — persevereth rcarf persevere. 

169, 15, ]?uphmenmpne read fuph memufcne. 

184. — 31, — (transL) n read in. 

— 204. — 30, — irepamar read rtpeamap. 

— 269. — 11, — fpjTiier read fpymef. 

— 314. — 34, — ])pjrme read fpjme. 

— 354. — 22, — ypibe read pjube. 

— 420. note ', — Ahg. read Ohg. 

— 424. line 18, pcpapi read -fcpapi. 


iEselmunb, 325. 26. 
nlYpine, 322. 29. 
s&tla, 319. 26, 326. 2. 
alepih, 320. 27. 
alexanbpeaf, 319. 20. 


beabeca, 325. 15. 
beabohilb, 377. 23. 
becca, 319. 28, 325. 21. 
biUinj. 320. 7. 
bpeoca, 320. 6. 


c»lic, 319. 31. 
cafepe, 319.30, 323. 10. 


beop. 379. 23. 


eabplf, 324. 11. 
eabpine, 323. 6, 324.22, 

325. 25. 
ealhilb,319. 1,324.19. 

elfa, 325. 25. 
emepca, 325. 17. 
eopmanpic, 319. 7. 27, 

324. 1, 325. 14, 378. 



pn folcpalbmj, 320. 10. 
ppeo}>epic, 326. 5. 
ppibla, 325. 17. 


5eac, 378. 13. 
jeppulj:, 320. 9. 
jipca, 319. 29. 
jiflhepe, 326. 4. 
ju«hepe, 322. 20. 


hajena, 319. 32. 
hama, 326. 6. 18. 
hea]>opic, 325. 23. 
helm, 320. 15. 
henben, 319. 33. 
heoppenba, 379. 27. 
hepheapb» 442. 20. 
het5ca, 325. 15. 
hlipe, 325. 24. 
hD»f, 320. 14. 

2 M 2 

holen, 320. 23. 
hpin^pealb, 320. 24. 
hpot$sap, 321. 12. 
hpo)>pulF, 321. 12. 
hun, 320. 22. 
huD^ap, 325. 26. 
hpala, 319. 18. 


inc^exipeop, 325. 24. 
m^elb, 321. 18. 


meet^hilbe, 378. 10. 
meaca, 320. 2. 
meapchealp, 320. 3. 

nitJhab, 377. 17. 


ofpa, 320. 26. 30. 32, 

321. 11. 
on^eubpeoy, 320. 19. 
ofpine, 320. 8. 




p»bhepe, 326. 3. 
ps&^hap, 476* 19. 
peabpah, 476. 19. 
ponbhepe, 326. 3. 
pumftan, 326. 4. 


r»FeptJ> 320. 18. 
fceafa, 320. 21. 
fceapthepe, 320. 20. 
rcillinj, 324. 31. 
fcyl, 353. 44. 

reapola. 325. 22. 
recca, 325. 21. 
fipeca, 325. 23. 
n^ehepe, 320. 12. 

unpene, 325. 20. 


paba, 320. 1. 
pala, 319. 18. 
palb» 320. 16. 

pelanb, 377. 9. 
pibptJ, 318. 19. 
pcta, 319. 34. 
pi]>eppelb, 326. 5. 
pob, 320. 17. 
pubja, 326. 6. 18. 
pulpbepe, 325. 29. 
pypmhepe, 325. 29. 


)»eobpic, 320. 4, 325. 

22, 378. 18. 
fyle, 320. 5. 


i£nenar, 322. 11. 
amothin^af, 323. 29. 


baninjaf, 319. 28. 
bponbin^af, 320. 6. 
bupjenbar, 319. 29, 
322. 18. 


cpeacar, 319. 30, 323. 


beane, 322. 14. 
bene, 320. 27. 

(r»-), 320. 13. 

(ru^-), 322. 5. 


eajr-^otan, 325. 18. 
eajr-pypinsaj-, 323. 30. 
eacul, 322. 28. 
ebpear, 323. 23. 
e^yptan 323. 24. 
en^le, 320. 26, 321. 10, 
322. 10. 

eolar, 323. 30. 
eotonaf, 476. 11. 
eopaj', 320. 8. 
ex-f^pin^af, 323. 22. 


f If el-bop, 321. 8. 
pnnaf, 319.31, 323.9. 
(fcpibe-), 323. 

fpepna cyn, 320. 11. 
fponcaf, 320. 4, 322. 

ppumtinjaf, 322. 25. 

Fpyrar» 322. 24. 


^eacaf, 322. 4. 
jeFFlejar, 322. 9. 
jeptSaf, 322. 8. 
^lommaf, 319. 33, 322. 

^otan, 319. 27, 324. 3, 

325. 10, 378. 28. 

(eajt;.), 325. 18. 

(hpetS-). 319. 4, 

322. 3. 

hs&lpn^af, 320. 1 . 
hetpepar, 320. 22. 
h»t$iiaf, 323. 19. 
heaSo-beapban, 321.21. 
hea]>o-peainaf, 322. 15. 
heo-benin^af, 379. 21. 
heopot, 321. 20. 
hepe-papan, 320. 25. 
bepelin^af, 325. 16. 
hocm^af, 320. 14. 
hohn-pycar, 319. 32. 
bpa&baf, 325. 31. 
bpeS-^otan, 319. 4, 

322. 3. 
hponaf, 322. 14. 
hunar, 319. 26, 322. 2. 
hunbiD^aj*, 320. 3, 323. 



hsele)>a}-, 323. 19. 


ibuminsar, 323. 32. 
mbear, 323. 23. 
ifpahelaf, 323. 21. 
ijrar, 323. 31. 

leonar, 323. 17. 
libpicm^af, 323. 17. 
lon^beapbaf, 320. 21, 
323. 18. 




msepin^abup^, 378. 20. 
mopbin^af, 323. 27. 
moibaf, 323. 25. 
mypjinjaf , 318. 26,320. 

2, 321. 7, 323. 26. 

28, 324. 18. 
(,n«-), 325. 



onjle, 320.26,321.10, 
322. 10. 


peohtaf, 323. 15. 
pepfaf, 323. 25. 


ponbinjaf, 320. 5. 

pujaf, 322. 26. 
pum-palaj*, 322. 27. 


r»-bene, 320. 13. 
fcoccaf, 323. 15. 
fcpibe-pnnaf, 323. 16. 
reaxe, 322. 12. 
fepcin^af, 323. 7. 
fepm^ap, 323. 8. 
futJ-bene, 322. 5. 

322. 10. 
rpeaf, 320. 19, 322. 4. 
rpeopb-pepaf, 322. 13 
I^cjar, 320.18,322.12. 


pa&pnaj-, 320. 7, 322. 6. 
pala pice, 323. 14. 
palaf, 435. 11, 485. 7. 

(pum-), 322. 27. 

peall-palan, 477. 7. 

penlar, 322. 6. 
pepnar, 320. 7, 322. 6. 
picin^a cjnn, 321. 17. 
jncinjar, 322. 7. 
pilna, 323. 13. 
pmebar, 322. 8. 
piolane, 323. 13. 
piftla pubu, 325. 33. 
pitJ-mypjinjaf, 325- 28. 
poin^af, 320. 16. 
ppornar, 320. 23. 
pulFmsaj-, 320. 15. 


ymbpar. 320. 20. 
p^Y, 320. 9. 


)>popeDbaf, 322. 17. 
fyprnjar, 320. 17. 322. 

(e^jz-), 323. 



Words beginning with the prefixes, a, tepceji, »t, be (bi), eb, pp» fojie, 
je, m, mib, nuf, op, opep, on, ofS, to, un, up, pit$, pi])ep, pon, puph, are 
placed according to the initial letter of their roots. 


Abela, 424. 1. 
^-1^, 213. 9. 
abloma, 156. 33. 
e-boba, 158. 15. 
8&pbon, 83. 16. 
»pen-2lom, 179. 21. 
8&pen-fceop, 390. 21. 
»pnan, 102. 29, 152. 

29, 327. 3. 
jeaepnan, 84. 7, 87. 24, 

168. 21, 176. 16, 

356. 28, 357. 23. 
»ptan-peapb, 480. 3. 
sht-^eptealb, 249. 22. 
)?uph'»leb, 223. 27. 
«\et, 338. 17. 
8&men, 115. 9. 
»met, 342. 7. 
lepplebe, 232. 14, 283. 

sepin^, 252. 9. 
Kfc, 404. 22. 
Kfc-ptebe, 314. 20. 
»t-seopa, 339. 22. 
8&t-pepa, 332. 26. 
aatpen-mob, 343. 26. 
Kt'jzml, 112. 26. 
»t-pela, 374. 8. 
KCpift, 132. 11. 

»]>el-busut$, 62. 36. 
apop, 133. 15. 
a^lac, 490. 5. 
a^a&ca, 136. 26. 
amap, 417. 22. 
anab, 122. 12, 123. 24. 
an-»b, 471. 22. 
anbcpip, 163. 26. 
anbleopen, 214. 22. 
anbjnp, 257. 8. 
anbppaS, 356. 26. 
an-plo^a, 309. 25. 
anha^a, 203. 20, 286. 

anho^a, 162. 3,222. 10, 

288. 32. 
an-fcapa, 356. 21. 
ap-ppa, 294. 6. 
ap-pt»p, 409. 5. 
atol, 78. 25, 109. 9. 
atcop-fcea)?a, 357. 24. 
at^-loja, 98. 10. 
a)H>l, 346. 6. 


bebe-pe^, 161. 13. 
bel-bl»fe, 142. 22. 
baalcan, 315. 8. 
b»l-)7p»c, 216. 19. 

ba&p-bea^, 414. 18. 
onbaaplic, 482. 7. 
onb»pu, 165. 12. 
b«t5, 478. 15. 
b^n-copa, 158. 26, 159. 

16, 329. 16. 
bgn-co)>a, 163. 23. 
b^.pa&c, 173. 25, 178. 

5, 213. 23, 233. 5. 
bfo-htip, 184. 8. 
ban-loca, 161.3,271.2. 
abannan, 120. 12. 
ban-pde, 451. 12. 
bapu. 218. 17. 
beabu-capa, 380. 20. 
bealbop, 276. 18. 
beapo-n»p, 439. 5. 
belceb-ppeopa, 489. 24. 
benb, 5. 12. 
beo-bpeab, 425. 20. 
beop-hypbe, 297. 28. 
bechc, 446. 16. 
betbcapt, 5. 7. 
onbib, 164. 30. 
bib-jreal, 265. 29, 423. 

^ebihtS, 154. 22. 
bubp»rt, 438. 13. 
Sebinb, 288. 1. 
inbinban, 338. 8. 
blaeje, 142. 22. 



blat, 48. 13. 
bleat, 161. 24. 
blea«, 423. 4. 
bleo-bopb, 331. 20. 
bleo-pa5, 400. 18. 
blonca, 405. 5. 
unjeblyjeb, 158. 23. 
boj. 337. 11. 
mbo^en, 163. 22. 
bolb-pela, 272. 22. 
bonnan, 66. 6. 
bopcian, 495. 11. 
bopbe, 337. 14. 
bopb-^elac, 48. 9. 
onbopen, 158. 29. 
mbpab, 353. 16. 
unbpsecen, 1. 11. 
bpa^b-pff, 107. 13. 
bpeaj, 427. 32. 
bpeahtm, 156.29, 181. 

26, 195. 25, 206. 29. 


25, 384. 9, 385. 5. 
bpeahtum, 192. 16. 
35ebpec, 385. 6. 14. 
jebpebab, 237. 18. 
bpe^b, 260. 24. 
jebpe^b, 201. 17. 
bpejben, 219. 13. 
pifep-bpeoca, 120. 2. 
bpeobian, 315. 8. 
bpeobpian, 119. 22. 
bpib, 214. 7, 224. 7. 
bpi^b, 357. 9. 
bpim-plob, 187. 30. 
bpim-jni^el, 289. 12. 
bpim-jiejT, 384. 9. 
bpim-lab, 307. 27. 
bpim-pubu, 182. 5. 
o^bpoben, 153. 15. 
pi)>ep-bpo^a, 35. 26. 
bpojben, 238. 11. 
bponb-hat, 160. 2. 

bponb-bopb, 354. 15. 
bpo-fp»f, 346. 1. 
bpun, 427. 32. 
bpycpan, 338. 4. 
bpyjb, 218. 9, 296.13. 
bpy^ban, 449. 14. 
bpjrten-c^Dj, 331.28. 
bpyten-^punb, 22. 25. 
bpyten-pfce, 192. 17. 
bpyren-pon^, 24. 6. 
bp^l^en, 161. 4. 
bune, 338. 23. 
bup5-fal, 179. 7. 
bupj-ftebe, 476. 3.- 
bupn-fele, 477. 10. 
byhc, 389. 26, 404. 23. 
^ebylbeb, 130. 31. 
bylbo, 8. 5. 
byleb-bpeojr, 489. 23. 
byme, 206. 30. 
je-ebbypbeb, 372. 30. 
bypliaD, 161. 8. 
2;ebypman, 161. 6. 
b^n-pija, 292. 5. 
bypn-jn^enb, 461. 19. 
abypbe, 234. 24. 


calc-ponb, 342. 15. 

calu, 427. 31. 

cafepe, 240. 6, 310. 30, 

319. 30. 
ceafl, 77. 5, 363. 26. 
ceap-^ealbop, 279. 24. 
ceap-jep:, 125. 34. 
ceap-felb, 306. 10. 
ceaftep-hlib, 20. 7. 
ceol-felu, 473. 1. 
ci8, 338. 7. 
clam, 217. 8. 
clen^an, 411. 6. 

clom, 134. 22, 138. 2. 
clu]l:op, 20. 8, 256. 23. 
clympp, 426. 18. 
acol, 143. 20. 
coUen-peptS, 290. 26, 

361. 9. 
2;ecpin2;an, 291. 9. 
jecpob. 386. 17. 
cpyban, 384. 15. 
culpa, 11. 28. 
cumbol-ba^a, 266. 8. 
cumbol-hete, 280. 30. 
opepcuman, 379. 1. 
cpibe-peb, 289. 28. 
cpibe-fcpal, 314. 27. 
cyle-xicel, 201. 20. 
popcymen, 10. 13. 
cyne-jolb, 238. 17. 
cyne-fpym, 240. 5. 
cyptenu, 407. 16. 
cyrc, 299. 22. 300. 7, 

322. 1. 
uncy^t^u, 153. 18. 


baeb-fcua, 16. 22. 
bsej-peb poma, 179. 24. 
b»2;-poma, 175. 7. 
bapetS-lacenbe, 358. 29. 
bapu, 144. 2. 
beal, 216. 10. 332. 21, 

404. 22. 
beatS-paeceb, 200. 30. 
beatS-pe^, 161. 25. 
beopafS, 393. 9. 
bo^obe, 380. 17. 
bo^op-pfm, 231. 6. 
bol-bpunc, 393. 32. 
bol-pillen, 269. 17. 
bom-eabi^, 145. 23. 
bpajan, 145. 23. 




^ebpea^) 389. 19. 
bpeontum, 385. 15. 
bpoplic, 446. 8. 
bpoht, 171. 31. 
bpohtaS, 53. 28, 143.4, 

203. 22, 227. 1, 389. 

bibpopeo, 139.24,291. 

8, 306. 31. 
bpupit^u, 368. 5. 
bpy, 260. 23. 
bpyhc-cpen, 324. 21. 
bp^ht-^ma, 314. 31. 
bpyht-pumenbe, 293. 6. 
bpjrhten-bealu, 183. 6, 

330. 22. 
bpymenbe, 222. 13. 
bu^an, 322. 1, 324. 4. 
jebyjan. 128. 31, 197. 

7, 257. 35, 386. 6, 

420. 5. 
jebypft, 465 • 22. 


eacen, 13. 20. 
eab, 380. 30. 
eaben, 13. 10. 
eaj-jeb^b, 219. 3. 
eahtan, 66. 20, 94. 34, 

123. 4. 
eahnan, 122. 17, 297. 

ealbop-bealu, 98. 31. 
ealbop-leje, 177. 29. 
ealbop-jef ceapt, 42 1 . 

ealbop-^epm, 134. 10. 
ealo-|K>fe, 330. 10. 
eapcnan-ftan, 73. 27. 
eapb^aefC, 433. 1. 

eapb-ftapa, 286. 25. 
eapenbel, 7. 20. 
eappet5-m»C2a, 328. 3: 
eappotS-fselij, 294. 1. 
eapspapu, 47. 28, 266. 

eap-^punb, 188. 3. 
eaph, 384. 3. 
eaphpapum, 47. 28, 266. 

eapm-fceapen, 267. 20. 
eapn, 307. 16. 
eappe, 385. 10. 
eatole, 354. 39. 
eaxl-^ejrtealla, 489. 2. 
on^eatSe, 248. 16. 
ec^'hete, 310. 6. 
ebop-^onj, 102. 21. 
eh, 404. 21. 
eh-ftpeam, 283. 1. 
eleS, 106. 8. 
ellop-pir, 165. 11,430. 

enb, 463. 16. 
enbe.ft»f, 279. 8, 328. 

ent, 291. 24. 
eobep, 249. 17. 
eoboji'Bdfehn'^, 339. 6. 
eopop, 344. 20, 423. 8. 
eoh, 337. 11. 
eopcan-ftan, 478. 7. 
eopcnan-ftan, 73. 27, 

238. 12. 
eopeb-cieft, 220. 25, 

358. 27. 
eopeb-mssc^, 404. 6. 
eopmen-cynn, 333. 3. 
eopp, 433. 21. 
eopt$-»pn, 459. 22, 460. 

4. 18. 
eop^-ps&c, 367. 15. 
€0pt5-5pap, 476. 12. 

jee]>aii, 174. 17. 
e)>el-boba, 162. 15. 


paca, 454. 32. 
pace, 354. 51. 
p»2piaii, 308. 32. 
Seps&lpan, 9. 33, 20. 19, 

490. 21. 
p«p, 449. 19. 
p»p-ha2;a, 159. 27. 
p«p-f eapo, 48. 1 1 . 
pa&p-pcyte, 48. 4, 113. 

p»p.ppell, 165. 4, 258. 

19, 259. 4. 
pa&rt-^on^el, 298. 4. 
paeteb, 434. 27. 
p»t$m-pfm, 199. 21. 
papoS, 458. 13,471.16. 
papo6-lacenbe, 361. 15, 

364. 34. 
pajftitocalon, 360. 18. 
pealo, 296. 19. 
peal(%, 116. 34. 
peapo, 354. 54. 
peax-hl[p, 487. 13. 
pejan, 479. 12. 
pen-yce, 426. 9. 
peoh-^epcealb, 283. 25. 
»c-peohtan, 328. 15. 
peol, 497. 18. 
peopb-pepu, 353. 1. 
peoph-hopb, 213. 7. 
pep-bl»b, 281. 21. 
pel^-^eopn, 413. 21. 
pe]>e-munb, 397. 10. 
pe)>ep, 289. 13. 
pe)>ep-homa, 217. 14. 
pep, 16. 5. 
pipel-bop, 321. 8. 



pmca, 218. 15, 278.31, 

315. 17. 
pictan, 360. 5. 
placop, 42. 21, 170.25. 
plaefc-hopb, 373. 3. 
plah, 354. 18. 47, 862. 

plan-^epeopc, 42. 21. 
plaii-}»pacu, 170. 25. 
flsLU-pjiddc, 265. 20. 
pleah, 354. 12. 
plec, 437. 3. 438. 24. 
plije-pil, 315. 6. 
plint, 1. 11. 
|diiit-^8Bj, 383. 31. 
jeplita, 357. 25. 
plocan, 402. 23. 
plob-pubu, 53. 21. 
Xeplota, 360. 17. 
plot-pe^, 475. 1. 
plyhc-hpaftt, 221. 15. 
pne&rt, 198.24,277.29. 
jepox. I. 10. 
bipohten, 384. 23. 
polc-a^enbe, 198. 4. 
polc-hpepenbe, 356. 2. 
Folc-r»l, 381. 3. 
polb-»pn, 45. 36, 163. 

36.»p, 63. 27. 
polb-pylm, 202. 3. 
poljatS. 379. 25. 
popp6n, 259. 18, 273. 

popt$-jefceapt, 346. 24. 
pop'Speapb, 236. 4. 
pp»te, 84. 15. 
Fpecn, 225. 17.285.35. 
ppeopij, 171. 21. 
ppeopi2;-pept$, 182. 30. 
^eppeotSian, 110. 7. 
ppeo)>u-peapb, 112. 15. 
ppeo]7U-pebbe, 319. 2. 

ppib-ben^eft, 404. 7. 
ppija, 26. 19. 
Fpije, 3. 17, 378. 13. 
ppomiwapb, 310. 7. 
ppum-jap, 283. 24. 
pu^el-bona, 298. 5. 
pu^el-timbep, 214. 8. 
pul, 331. 2. 
pull, 406. 8. 
pullejran, 407. 1, 457. 

pup-leotS, 39. 17,183. 1. 
pyl, 135. 7. 
pylnep, 368. 7. 
P37i-ba«, 61. 18, 228. 

pypb-pinc, 489. 3. 
pypb-pceopp, 395. 25. 

p^n-jrpeam, 360. 17. 
pyppt-meapc, 213. 11. 
pypjtJ-Semeapc, 164. 9. 


X&, 353. 20, 475. 6. 
S»laii, 402. 25. 
a2»lan,51.16, 266. 12. 
Xaelpa, 220. 3. 
Saepn, 53. 13. 
^aajron, 243. 27. 
^apul-psben, 274. 7. 
opep-jan, 377. 21. 
^anec, 307. 8. 
2;ap-pap, 49. 5. 
^ap-jetpum, 42. 18. 
^eac, 146. 27, 309. 6. 
Seapl, 219. 1. 
Xealj-mob, 274. 10, 278. 

jeap, 329. 12. 

jeapu, 477. 27. 
^eapolice, 378. 2. 
^eapu-pypbi^ 295. 21. 
^eapn, 255. 18, 362. 33. 
^eat-top, 476. 7. 
jeaiS, 176. 8. 
Xeh}>a. 174. 22. 
^eh^u, 266. 1. 
Xeh«um, 6. 27, 367. 18. 
bijenja, 207. 27. 
jen^e, 147. 35. 
^eocop, 164. 33. 
2;eopon-pl6b, 193. 21. 
Seopu, 216. 12, 225. 5. 
jeonb-pppeot, 3. 27- 
jeppcjrpe, 353. 12. 
jiep-jrtol, 36. 6, 289. 7, 

337. 23. 
jipep, 373. 31. 
pepl, 332. 23. 
5ip-Itx)l, 36. 6, 289. 7, 

337. 23. 
^l»m, 215. 15,252.23. 
jleap-ptol, 499. 1. 

^eo-beam, 42. 9, 296. 

^hba, 406. 23. 
jlip-ptB&p, 289. 22. 
5l6m, 350. 30. 
un2n$t>e, 359. 30. 
job-pcj^lb, 254. 29. 
jobu, 247. 18, 250. 2, 

254. 9, 278. 16. 
job-peb, 70. 8, 417. 25. 
^olb-pine, 287. 31, 288. 

bijonj, 249. 16. 
jop, 433. 5. 
jop, 426. 11. 
Spa&f-pon^, 203. 2. 
^penman, 277. 11. 
jpeoc-hopb, 178. 6. 
Spima, 423. 7. 



Spmban, 182. 12. 
^pm^-p]i»c, 258. 14. 
Sponbopleaf, 258. 26. 
jpunb-pif, 316. 15. 
Spunbleaf, 378. 12. 
35punb-rceat, 3. 27. 
unjpjTibe, 354. 2. 
2u-b»b, 235. 12. 
jum-cyjT, 265. 14. 
2um-]7e^n, 298. 11. 
ju«-bopb, 346. 1 1. 
2ut$-Fpec, 223. 1. 
jut$-jepin, 388. 10. 
^ut$-peap, 265. 26. 
j^pl. 153. 8, 180. 5, 

226. 24. 
jjpn, 252. 34. 
jypn-rtaep, 257. 10. 


h»sl-Fapu, 292. 26. 
hemeb-lac, 429. 11. 
bs&pn-plota, 182. 9. 
h»t$-jTapa, 328. 6. 
halop, 262. 3, 264. 6, 

268. 30. 
halr-he|:t, 37. 3. 
halr-ppi)>a, 387. 12. 
han-^elle, 431. 11. 
haro-jra^. 392. 23. 
hapi, 206. 4, 381. 6, 

394. 26, 406. 21. 
harpij, 208. 10. 
heabpe, 482. 5. 
heaj^la, 31. 34, 178. 

14, 238. 15. 
heapob-sim, 81.29, 336. 

heapob-fyne, 329. 19. 
heapob.pot$, 390. 17. 
hean, 349. 6. 

bean-rpebi^, 295. 1. 
heapb-ra&lis, 295. 12. 
heapm-^alan, 280. 14. 
heapm.4eo9, 279. 18. 
heapm-fta&f, 115. 35. 
heappe, 207. 1. 
hea)K)-2lem, 438. 6. 
hea]>ope, 401. 17, 482. 

heaf^o-fijel, 486. 17. 
hea)>u-bypne, 297. 7. 
^ehe^an, 334. 19, 445. 

helm, 470. 10, 496. 2. 
bihelmab, 257. 2. 
belm-bepenb, 461. 18. 
benbi;, 299. 1. 
beopob-^im, 336. 6. 
beopon-conbel, 349* 30. 
beopon-poma, 52. 18, 

62. 10. 
beolot5-cyn, 94. 19. 
beolofS-helm, 362. 31. 
beolfcop-copa, 200. 31. 
beope-bpeopi^y 212. 28. 
beopo, 346. 10. 
beopi$-pepub, 352. 1. 
bepe-cipm, 156. 9. 
bepe-ptS, 411. 24. 
hepe-ppe^, 477. 12. 
bete-pun, 416. 6. 
heclen, 23. 5. 
biubep-boc, 315. 20. 
BhipBn, 328. 9. 
ahlaban, 35. 34. 
jeble^, 446. 1. 
bibla&man, 54. 18. 
up-abl»nan, 316. 24. 
hl»p, 199. 13. 
bleo-bopb, 408. 14. 
^ebleob, 56. 23. 
bleo-bpybten, 324. 13. 
hleonat5, 117. 10. 

bleop-tophc, 483. 21. 
bleo-pceopp, 391. 15. 
bleo)7U, 46. 30. 
Seble)>a, 395. 9,499.30. 
hbb, 20. 7. 

jehhb, 32. 25, 34. 20. 
tobbben, 373. 15. 
blin, 437. 17. 
blm-bupu, 364. 29. 
bbn-pa&ceb, 257. 6. 
hlin-fcua, 275. 2. 
bhnc, 199. 13, 884. 7. 
hbtS, 473. 28. 
blotJ-jecpob, 386. 17. 
bebly^eb, 395. 20. 
^ebna&jeb, 311. 7. 
2ehnaft,384. 1 3,386 . 1 2. 
unbneap, 323. 3, 326. 

bnecca, 490. 1. 
abneop, 153. 2. 
bnoppian, 388. 13. 
bolen, 437. 19. 
^ebolen, 288. 15. 
bobn-mse^en, 382. 10. 
bolm-]7p8ec, 205. 19. 
bomep, 388. 14. 
bonb-pypm, 427. 24, 

482. 15. 
bdp-s^bnapt, 384. 13. 
bopb-p»t, 470. 17. 
bopnap, 206. 30. 
hopn-jeptpeon, 477.11. 
hopn-p»l, 383. 10. 
bopp-pppecan, 11. 16. 
bot^ma, 3. 32. 
hpg, 2.5, 119. 14, 235. 

bp»2n-loca, 487. 1. 
bpet$ep-loca, 65. 17. 
bpim-^icel, 307. 1. 
bpimij-beapb, 498. 25. 
hpin^, 34. 5, 182. 21. 



hjun^enbe, 432. 16. 
hjun^-mepe, 478. 21. 
hpmj-}>exe, 308. 24. 
hpipl, 417. 20. 
hpop, 436. 18. 
bihpopen, 291. 4. 
hpoft, 477. 29. 
hpopop,39. 16, 265.33» 

267, 17. 
hpun^, 404. 19. 
hjiutenbe, 417. 19. 
hu-ilpe, 307. 9. 
hup-feax, 297. 6. 
hufel, 103. 10. 
hupil-beapn, 135. 28. 
hupil-pep, 149. 28. 
hp»l-mepe, 382. 2. 
hp»c-peb, 477. 5. 
hpeapp, 32. 12. 
hpilen, 365. 10. 
unhpilen, 167. 15. 27. 
hpican, 354. 48. 
hpit-looceb, 489. 7. 
jrophpyppeb, 3. 11. 
jehpypc, 355. 2. 
ponh^ij, 95. 14. 
hyje-jap, 315. 21. 
h^hc-pleja, 402. 12. 
Seh^ban, 331. 26. 
onhypjan, 391. 2, 406. 

2ehjppan,29.8, 131.27. 
h^an, 69. 15. 
hyi>e, 408. 15. 


le^e, 380. 6. 
ije, 380. 1 1 . 
ilan, 488. 17. 
mca, 11. 29. 
mbpyht, 211. 15. 

mbpjrhten, 287. 11, 

430. 1, 500. 3. 
mbp^hto, 311. 8. 
inlocaft, 27. 18. 
mn-peopub, 325. 13. 
inpit-pun, 279. 7. 
ipj, 307. 17. 
lu-baeb, 284. 26. 
ip, 437. 18. 


Selac, 56. 5» 308. 5, 

442. 3. 
unl»b, 279. 19. 
Isela, 143. 34. 
bila&nan, 277. 7. 
Is&c-hybi^, 294. 5. 
lap, 388. 14. 
jela^, 309. 28. 
la^u-UCb, 286. 19. 
la^u-meaps, 182. 7. 
l^-ps&t, 375. 4. 
lanpan, 376. 13. 
lan^o^, 444. 26. 
l^p-cpibe, 288. 28. 
onlean, 352. 25. 
leopcal, 57. 4, 357.21. 
leohc-b»pe, 299. 34. 
leolc, 283. 2, 438. 15. 
beleolc, 471. 26. 
leomo-lsemena, 2. 6. 
leomu-1^, 164. 1. 
opepleopan, 145. 21. 
beleopan, 407. 35. 
leo)K)-cp»]:t, 295. 6. 
toleotJob, 373. 16. 
leo)>u-pac, 298. 12. 
lic-psBC, 167. 20, 184. 

Ifc-hopb, 163. 31. 
up-hben, 416. 13. 

lij.fpa&c, 224. 3. 
linben-bopb, 339. 16. 
hopVL'CK^e, 21. 13. 

lijT-henbi^, 299. 1. 
locan, 2. 14. 
locu, 20. 21. 
aloben, 493. 5. 
^eloben, 327. 20. 
lombep, 164: 22. 
unlonb, 361. 3. 
lonb-pyhc, 379. 29. 
jelonj, 281. 13. 
op-lon^ab, 443. 13. 
lonjatJ, 123. 9,377.14, 

444. 2. 26. 
lon^ian, 442. 18. 
lonjfum, 149. 23. 
loc, 345. 16. 
lypt-psBt, 411. 21. 
1^-lacenbe, 110. 31, 

259. 12. 
lypc-pceajja, 329. 24. 
ly^nian, 69. 13. 
IjTT^e, 345. 16. 
lytepna, 243. 13. 


mejeii-)>ife, 410. 2. 
m»3-p»ben, 249. 9. 
tomaelban, 446. 22. 
^emmtpBifc, 168. 19. 
ma&p, 307. 11, 474. 6. 
mapi-timbep, 335. 13. 
mah, 354. 47. 
Semah, 237. 24, 361 . 1 9. 
man-bpeam, 477. 14. 
m^-bpinc, 406. 6. 
mapm-ft^, 221. 12. 
mapm, 339. 2, 475. 7. 
map)>um-^ejTealb, 244. 





mKyyvan-^y^, 292. 1. 
meapc-p»t$, 485. 7. 
meaji^, 291. 34. 
meaph, 119. 19, 297. 

17, 339. 2, 342. 13, 

475. 7. 
meb-fpebi^, 294. 3. 
meb-jnr, 387. 24. 
mele-beap, 215. 29. 
meobu-bupb, 473. 18. 
meobu-pul, 331. 2. 
meobu-paaben, 339. 3. 
mepe-hen^eft, 395. 12. 
mepe-lab, 474. 9. 
mepe-peapb, 363. 13. 
mepe-pepj, 306. 23. 
amepian, 234.22, 240.3. 
mefan, 425. 26. 
metS, 163. 3. 
ine]>el-bep2enbe, 314. 

^emetS^ab, 160. 27. 
minpan, 353. 48. 
mift-helm, 270. 25. 
mipan, 130. 10, 144. 

bemi]>an, 110. 33. 
mob-byj^un^, 450. 7. 
molb-»pD, 235. 28. 
molb-;p»p, 233. 13, 

284. 1. 
molb-bpepenbe, 348. 1 3 . 
molb-pe^, 164. 15. 
monb, 134. 26. 
mon-bpybten, 289- 1. 
moman, 337. 5. 
mon-pe^, 132. 34. 
mon-)>eap, 132. 25. 
mop^en-feoc, 458. 4. 
mor, 92. 11, 118. 26. 
mot^tSe, 432. 4. 
munb-bealf, 28. 14. 
bimutaby 106. 17. 

mynebc, 318. 25. 
mjTicelr, 129. 30. 
amJTipan, 314. 8. 
jemyppeb, 267. 8. 
mjTipelre, 262. 25. 
myppe, 419. 23. 


D»san, 166. 2, 175. 26, 

^ense^an, 54. 28, 119. 

27, 162.35, 171. J 3, 

401. 30. 
ne^l, 332. 12. 
ns&^leb-bopb, 439. 17. 
n»f, 136. 2. 
^enssfcan, 410. 3. 
netan, 389. 7. 
napb, 423. 28. 
beneab, 475. 12. 
jeneabbe, 58. 4, 60. 30. 
neapo-bpe^, 260. 24. 
neapo-^pap, 491. 28. 
Dei^fio-ppenc, 316. 5. 
neb, 355. 17. 
nejan, 166. 2. 
benemnan, 475. 18. 
neo-beb, 235. 7. 
neome, 332. 12. 
nefan, 407. 15, 436. 

^enelSan, 5. 13. 
ni^an, 390. 27. 29. 
nibc-^lom, 158. 27. 
mbt-belm, 160. 13,292. 

mbt-pfm« 167. 35. 
nibc-fcua, 162. 5, 292. 

24, 307. 29. 
mbt-paco, 306. 13. 
mtJ, 167. 34. 

m«-j^, 134. 21. 
^enit^la, 251. 26, 256. 

15, 257. 11. 
mt$-fcea)>a, 397. 23. 
nii5-pep, 341. 19. 
binoten, 156. 10. 
not$, 263. 1, 361. 31. 
njrb.clapi, 256. 31. 
nyb-jebal, 129. 5. 
nyb-ppa&c, 135. 17. 


6, 202. 20, 436. 31. 
ol, 353. 35. 
op-oU, 353. 38. 
op-onn, 107. 10, 265. 7. 
ombiebc-bepa, 138. 5. 
oncyp-p^p, 361. 4. 
onbpJTiban, 372. 6. 
on^a, 405. 18. 
o6, 199. 14. 
ope, 473. 28. 
on-opettan, 321. 4. 
oppeopm, 255. 20. 
opjanon, 207. 4. 

Sri 22.89.17, 
""^^"^ I 347.6. 
op^eatu, 75. 3. 
ople^, 35. 18, 114. 3, 

129. 24, 136. 5, 248. 

17, 386. 9, 446. 29. 
ople^-ppom, 401. 21. 
opo«, 163. 21, 171. 17, 

172. 4, 175. 24, 178. 

oppennyp* 136. 27. 
oppi^e, 268. 18. 
oppypdu, 246. 29. 





pab, 329. 20. 
p»t$an, 485. 8. 
pepnex, 425. 35. 
pynbe, 354. 22. 
poppjTibeb, 7. 7. 


plib, 353. 22. 
pab-pe^a, 400. 7. 
pBBceb, 296. 7. 
pebelle, 429. 31. 
ps&puaii, 139. 17, 149. 
20, 240. 24. 302. 3. 
pa&plins, 435. 1. 
p»fpa, 193. 24. 
apeaht, 353. 9. 
^epeaht, 364. 13. 
peccenb, 2. 12. 
pe^n-pypm, 426. 8. 
pejn-]>eop, 453. 14. 
peone, 459. 27. 
peomj, 167.32,274.8. 
peom^-mob, 361. 21. 
peotan, 75. 32, 330. 5. 
bepeotan, 459. 27. 
peo tu^u, 380. 19. 
pefele, 421. 34. 
apetan, 389. 12. 
p€)>e-hybi3, 467. 15. 
ot$piban, 461. 24. 
ebpin^, 373. 11. 
up-pobop, 148. 34. 
po^ian, 340. 30. 
ponb, 297. 9. 
pop, 439. 2. 
p\m, 293. 5. 
pun-it»F, 429. 17. 
ptin-pfta, 167. 30. 
pup, 479. 17. 

jepybe, 481. 8. 
pyne-jiefC, 386. 8. 
pymj, 296. 14. 
p;^ic, 360. 24. 


bifsec, 115. 11. 
[*»cpa, 354. 54. 
fffib, 369. 11. 
onfsejb, 446. 27. 
^efs&lan, 123. 6. 
f8&-meaph, 361. 5. 
f»meft, 326. 8. 
f»-naca, 474. 7. 
f»ne, 122. 32. 
raB-pJrpic, 360. 24. 
fs&p, 458. 12. 
raj, 490. 3. 
ralo, 489. 21. 
ralo-neb, 433. 9. 
falo-pab, 439. 1. 
ralpij.pab, 329. 20. 
aj-anian, 172. 23. 
fap-fpell, 458. 6. 
fap-ft»F, 116. 10. 
f^p-pp»c, 224. 27. 
j-apl-hopb, 329. 15. 
jercab, 353. 16. 
popfcaben, 131. 20. 
fceacan, 280. 17. 
fceamaf, 404. 8. 
jepceap, 326. 28, 420. 

2, 469. 25. 
jefceapu, 421. 26,483. 

18. 486. 2. 
fceapb, 476. 9. 
fcehbun, 61. 6. 
fcencan, 161. 12. 
jefcenta, 369. 30. 
fceo, 385. 8. 
fceoh, 354. 10. 

rceoh-mob, 282. 32. 
fceopp, 463. 20. 
rciUinj-pfm, 324. 10. 
j-cip-pepeb, 179. 15. 
fcob, 346. 5. 
jepcdb, 154. 14. 
fcobe, 129. 1. 
fcobua, 134. 30. 
reopen, 476. 10. 
fcpab, 353. 15. 
fcpal, 314.27. 332. 10. 
fcpeob, 468. 9. 
fcpipen, 353. 15. 
fcubenbe, 153. 19. 
fcup-beopj, 476. 9. 
fcupum, 469. 24. 
fcyhce, 109. 30. 
fcylb, 219. 17. 
fcylb-hpeaban, 42. 19. 
jepcypeb, 324.9,468. 10. 
fc^e, 296. 15. 
rcjrcelr, 20. 4. 
pope-fcytcelf, 20. 4. 
feapo-jim, 478. 5. 
feapo-pil, 497. 17. 
pecje, 12. 23. 
rejl, 70. 16. 
rejn, 218. 1. 
fejn-bepenbe, 423. 13. 
jepelba, 289. 24, 489. 5. 
relb-cyme, 380. 27. 
rele. 494. 1. 
fele-jepcoc, 90. 28. 
rele-recj. 288. 20. 
feman, 334. 22. 
reolh-baB«, 392. 21. 
feomian, 285.4,329.14. 
feono-ben, 328. 17. 
feona-benb, 377. 19. 
feorbj. 157. 29. 
jefe)>an, 15. 28. 
pban, 354. 53. 
fije-mece, 93. 24. 




jije-fceopp, 341. 16. 
nXop-cipep, 257. 30. 
nnc-paj, 396. 29. 
pnc-^epi, 183. 13. 
onpttan, 166. 15» 397. 

22. 474. 7. 
rri$-Fpom, 157. 17. 
^eptS-maa^en, 339. 4. 
^eflean, 320. 32, 321. 

rli«, 384. 17. 
rli«en,161.27, 288. 12, 

316. 22, 362. 25. 
flitS-hepb. 344. 22. 
fluma, 122. 31. 
flupan, 385. 3. 
rmsete, 324. 8. 
fneapbce, 391. 16. 
jrneome, 358. 7. 
jnep, 332. 9, 353. 40. 
jrnopon, 350. 12. 
jnub, 52. 32. 
fn^pian, 182. 7. 
jmyl>ian, 403. 12. 
jrocn, 145. 1. 
onpht, 283. 13. 
folepe, 212. 2. 
ronb-jpoc, 466. 6. 
ronb-hop, 173. 31, 
fon2;-cp»]t;, 206. 25. 
fon^-lupi, 378. 14. 
ropj-jra&F, 282. 8. 
ponfpebij, 295. 11. 
jrpeb-bpopa, 408. 6. 
rpel-boba, 236. 9. 
fpepe-bpoja, 398. 27. 
rploc, 218. 18. 
pope-rppeca, 46. 6. 
onjppehc, 353. 8. 
afppin^an, 335. 23. 
onftsel, 151. 17. 
jerta&lan, 166. 18. 
jTieUpert, 432. 13. 

fcaepe, 485. 19. 
^ejtiala, 132. 31. 
jral-jonj, 170. 17. 
ftan-hleot$, 292. 18, 

384. 11. 
ftan-bli^, 444. 16. 
fta)?ol-poD2, 417. 4. 
^ejreal, 293. 2. 
jrealc, 382. 6,384. 11, 

498. 17. 
jntS-jreaU, 266. 20. 
pi]>ep-fteall, 268. 32. 
fteapn, 307. 14. 
jrebe-ponj, 154. 23. 
rtepn-bypb, 349. 12. 
topDencan. 16. 21. 
fteopa, 349. 13. 
ft^pan, 434. 10. 
onft^pan, 454. 25. 
jri-pite, 383. 13. 
rtitJ-ecj, 499. 11. 
fCitS-pej, 384. 29. 
jrpeam-p^, 296. 21. 
fCpeban, 58. 24. 
beftp^)>an, 351. 29. 
jercun, 61,27,386.3. 
ftyU, 45. 15. 23. 33. 
rtyllan, 46. 35. 
5eityllan,40. 34,45. 9. 
ajrtypfeb, 12. 27., 32 1 . 15. 
fumfenbu, 385. 19. 
pmb-buenb, 5. 22, 14. 

pinb-helm, 382. 13, 

488. 4. 
pinb-henjejx, 53. 20, 

nmb-hpaat, 363.21. 
pmb-ple^a, 182. 10, 

205. 12. 
pinb-pubu, 42. 24. 
afpa&man, 183. 12. 

[-pamian, 167. 33. 
rpat, 68. 32, 72. 23, 

88. 33, 133. 22. 
rpat-jepimb, 89. 19. 
rpepot, 358. 1. 
[*pe2-hleo]K>p, 358. 8. 
rpejl-plte, 353. 47. 
poprpelan, 233. 29. 
^efpetSpian, 164. 17. 
ffije, 12. 23. 
jerpm, 207. 5. 
jerpin^ 356. 7. 
j-jnnpan, 206. 9, 207. 

11, 239. 8. 
rpif-feopm, 386. 35. 
rpojan, 59. 10. 
rpol. 212. 23, 216. 16. 
fponc, 377. 19. 
fponcen-pephi5, 328. 29. 
rponjop, 220. 4. 
rpon-pfib, 283. 4. 
rpoppen, 410. 24, 497. 

rpylccpal, 135.22,224. 

n^lc-hjnl, 222. 18, 

235. 32. 
onrylle, 377. 20. 
onryn, 151.24,201.13, 

225. 32. 
jerjnt, 122. 9. 


caBpel, 297. 25,331.19, 

345. 2. 8. 
t8&l, 458. 24. 
ta&l-meapc, 154. 27. 
t»fe, 492. 28. 
ca&ca«, 327. n. 15. 
tan, 355. 17,458. 23. 
I tapup, 205. 18. 



ceapop, 477. 27. 
ceajop, 182. 23. 
cealcpian, 23. 19. 
betelban, 217. 1, 221. 

24, 235. 11,238.25. 
tel^, 408. 21. 
tennatS, 327. n. 15. 
teopanian, 349. 8. 
teopeman, 351. 18. 
^eteoh, 352. 27. 
popceon, 17. 14. 
teon-cfibe, 129. 10, 

254. 30. 
ceon-le^, 60. 14. 
teon-fmitS, 114. 21. 
teopian, 469. 21. 
ceofel, 345. 9. 
teofu, 362. 9. 
nb-F^pa, 102. 18, 
nht-lonb, 179. 3. 
tillic, 480. 20. 
tillice, 352. 28. 
tinnetS, 354. 32. 
torn, 74. 26, 342. 13. 
^eton^, 353. 6. 
copn, 34. 6, 129. 10, 


topn-mob, 141. 2. 
topn-ppsec, 120. 16. 
tpa^, 354. 37. 
cpebe, 72. 2. 
tpeo-pu^l, 146. 9. 
tpumnai^, 147. 18. 
jetpa&pan, 474. 2. 
popt^'lan, 17. 14. 
cyca«, 447. 26. 


uhte, 443. 24, 459. 17, 
460. 14. 

uht-ceapu, 442. 4. 
ulcanuf, 425. 14. 
umbop, 335. 9. 
unpjTi, 454. 32. 
upij, 307. 17. 
upij-lapc, 329. 4. 
utS^en^e, 153. 12. 


pacep, 380. 30. 
m-^epaban, 163. 29. 
fBdbe, 360. 22. 
bepflBpeb, 484. 2. 
p»2;-beop, 61. 21. 
p»2-bpopa, 165. 17. 
paaj-paet, 384. 33. 
paej-ben^eft, 181. 34. 
p»X-rc«t$, 404. 3. 
p»lan, 127. 34. 
pa&l-Sim. 400. 20. 
paal-hpelp, 397. 21. 
p»l-pil, 171. 15. 
p»Upeap, 216. 24. 
paal-pept, 164« 3, 184. 

paeUptpa&l, 179. 11. 
paepen-pija, 395. 1. 
p»p, 353. 41. 
pa&pc, 163. 29. 
paepnyp, 142. 13. 
paetep-helm, 338. 5. 
p»cep-]7if pa, 182. 1 , 

363. 7. 
paiuan, 166. 22. 
pap, 382. 8. 
papij, 339. 24. 
papotS, 188. 1, 424. 

bipaune, 291. 2. 
pa)>ema, 204. 13,288.1, 

289. 32. 

pa|>u, 381. 14. 
pa]>um, 208. 26. 
apeabc, 353. 7. 
peall-pcan, 1. 2, 476. 1 
peal-pteal, 291. 26. 
peapp, 417. 16. 
pebep-oonbel, 210. 17. 
pepl, 417. 15. 
peman, 288. 10. 
pen-cpi, 354. 45. 
ebpenben, 200. 14. 
pennan, 353. 4. 
peoh, 341. 28. 
peolme, 28. 12. 
^epeopp, 201. 16. 
pep, 406. 8. 
pejieb, 179. 15. 
bipepeb, 153. 3. 
pep-^en^a, 137.29* 144. 

pepmob, 425. 23. 
pet$, 102. 15. 
pepel, 238. 30. 
pic-eapb, 158. 12. 
picx, 395. 10. 27, 404. 

4. 18,405. 11. 
pic-pcebe, 383. 11. 
pib-^oD^el, 337. 15. 
pipel, 426. 13. 
pipeS, 493. 8. 
m-pi^an, 415. 14. 
pij-hyppc, 478. 2. 
yi^-pmfi, 314. 14. 
pij-pceal, 315. 30. 
pij-}>pipt, 268. 14. 
pil-bec, 353. 42. 
pil-boba, 176. 34. 
pil-jebpi^bt, 222. 2. 
pil-jeblepa, 395. 9. 
pil-jept, 313. 28. 
pil-^iepa, 229. 34. 
pil-^ipa, 34. 4. 
onpill, 145. 25. 



jnll-rele, 212. 21. 
pil-pt$, 2. 18. 29. 
pilpim, 318. 11. 
fnll-ponj, 203. 24. 
pine-bp]^hcen, 288. 27. 
pin-rab, 330. 12. 
pin-rsel, 291. 6. 
piji, 424. 31. 
pip-boj, 395. 5. 
mib-jnrc, 500. 17. 
on-placian, 20. 34. 
pld, 171. 16. 
ploh, 277. 34. 
polcen-jehnaft;, 386. 12. 
polcn-papu, 386. 33. 
pol-baej, 477. 18. 
poma, 52. 18, 62. 10, 


5. 282. 15. 292. 22. 
ponb, 120. 1. 

pon-pah, 435. 11. 

pon-peaz, 393. 30. 

ponj-jt»jK)l, 484. 4. 

popb-lean, 489. 18. 

popian, 291.6, 360. 21. 

pots, 125. 31, 156. 8. 

po]>-bopa, 19. 18, 295. 

19, 346. 21, 489. 17. 
po«-cpaBj:t, 234. 30,360. 

po«-ronj, 4. 1. 
ppiBc, 354. 51. 
pp»c.hpil, 233. 19. 
ppeec-maBc^a, 258. 4. 
pp»b, 383. 20. 
pp»nie, 406. 15. 
pp»rc, 332. 9, 423. 23, 

427. 30. 

ppat$-rcp«F, 424. 18. 
ppafu, 117. 7. 
ppejan, 383. 20. 
jepfiejeb, 381. 29. 
appe«ian, 121. 27. 

ppetJ-fCutJ, 422. 6. 
ppoht, 238. 30. 
ppohc-bopa, 47. 31. 
ppoht- f mi's, 156. 19. 
ppocenbe, 428. 12. 
pup, 418. 13. 
pulbop-^epDealb, 408. 

pulbop-homa, 189. 2, 

196. 24. 
palbop-nyttin^, 492.22. 
pulf-heapeb, 437. 23. 
pupma, 218. 14,377.9. 
bepapman, 377. 9. 
pyljren, 378. 26. 
ebpylm, 364. 19. 
pyn-conbel, 174. 31. 
p^-lonb, 203. 10. 
pypm-hc, 292. 13. 
pypp, 105. 5, 336. 5. 
p^pel, 332. 19. 
^ep^tab, 234. 20. 


yce, 426. 9. 
»Ftep.;^lb, 132. 3. 
Jrlpet, 307. 6. 
ype-J>peopj, 248. 3. 
ypmen-jpunb, 30. 20. 
JppiDja, 131. 13. 
Sr^, 436. 7. 
J«an, 484. 13. 
y«-bopb, 296. 27. 
ytS-papu, 200. 22. 
J«-meaph. 54. 5, 363. 

y6-mepe, 204. 7. 


zeppepuf, 426. 3. 


)>»h, 485. 2. 
mij-fah, 354. 39. 
aj^ecjan, 380. 12. 
pennan, 253. 29. 
)>eon, 278. 30. 
jejjeon, 134. 16, 319. 

23, 335. 21. 
J>eortop-copa, 173. 29. 
)>eotan, 420. 2. 
}>icjaii. 109. 26, 226. 8, 

331. 1. 31, 332. 7, 

357. 28. 
jeficsan, 318. 24, 322. 

J^San, 232. 12, 414. 3. 
pinban, 431. 17. 23. 
fm'^-ji«ben, 250. 13. 
Jjira, 363. 7. 
yife, 410. 2. 
fijra, 182. 1. 
pifysL, 182. 1. 
popfolian, 288. 29. 
»]t;ep-)H>nc, 112. 7. 
Xeppaec, 381. 26, 386. 

13. 404. 13. 
ppa&c-hpil, 275. 22. 
)>papan, 383. 1. 
ppea-mebl, 143. 29. 
a)>peotan, 152. 30, 347. 

unal^peotenbe, 24. 21. 
)>peohti2, 494. 7. 
m]>pican, 119. 18. 
jefprnj, 351. 13, 384. 

)>pmcan, 315. 1. 

2 N 



a]>pintan» 419. 7. 
popjyp^ccan, 273. 22. 
I>py«, 220. 27, 481. 15. 
jefpyj^an, 231. 9. 
J>py«-Sejrealb, 22. 19. 
}>pyj>um, 496. 3. 
fpeopj, 248. 3. 

]>peoph-cimbep, 275 .15. 
)>pitaB, 354. 50. 
jefyb, 297. 14. 
jej^Jban, 267. 22, 472. 

^epy^an, 355. 14. 

pop]>ylman, 217.^3. 
2;e]>ynct$, 138. 16. 
)?ypel-pomb, 490. 13. 
JTPP, 425. 29. 
fyppeb, 410. 25. 
dipytan, 451. 26.