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Full text of "The coins and tokens of the possessions and colonies of the British empire"



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THE 



COINS AND TOKENS 



OF THE 



Possessions and Colonies 



OF THE 



BRITISH EMPIRE. 



JAMES ATKINS. 




LONDON : 

BERNARD QUARITCH, 15 PICCADILLY. 
1889. 



LOXUON : 
NORMAN- A\D SON, PRINTERS, HART STREET, 
COVENT GARDEN', 



PEE FACE. 



The great and ever-increasing interest wbicli is manifested 
in all that appertains to the Colonies and Dependencies of 
the British Empire, is a quite sufficient justification for the 
production, at this time, of a work devoted to a consideration 
of the Coins and Tokens which have, from time to time, 
been struck for, or been current in, these places. 

In addition to this, all who at any time may have acquired 
any such coins (and most persons who are collectors must 
have done so), as well as systematic seekers after them, 
have felt the want of some work of reference, to which to 
turn for guidance and direction. Yet, notwithstanding the 
importance of the subject, to the best of my belief no 
attempt has, up to the present, been made to give as a whole, 
anything approaching a complete or comprehensive list of 
our Colonial Coins and Tokens. And so it has come to 
pass ; whilst every other brancli of Numismatic lore has 
been written upon, over and over again, this large and 
important section of the coins of our owni Empire has been 
almost entirely neglected. 

It is true that piecemeal attempts have been made to 
remedy this state of things. The Eev. H. Christmas, in 
articles contributed to the Numismatic Chronicle, has 
dealt with the copper coins of several of our Colonies and 
Dependencies. Boyne also, in his " Silver Tokens," 
notices a number of the silver pieces of this series ; Clay's 
pamphlet (now so difficult to obtain), gives a considerable 
amount of information concerning the early American and 
Manx Coins, and several other contributors to the Numis- 
matic press have touched on some portion of the ground 



IV PREFACE. 

which I am now endeavouring to cover entirely. Nor must 
I omit to mention Mr. C. Staiusfield^ whose book on the 
" Australian Tokens " is so thorough and painstaking that 
I have no corrections to make in it, but only to supply 
notices of some ten or twelve pieces, unknown to the author 
at the time. 

American writers have contributed several works upon 
the coinage of their own country ; amongst others it will 
not be invidious to mention Dr. Crosby's " Eai-ly American 
Coins/' and Sandham's "Coins and Tokens of the Dominion 
of Canada." Then again we have in German the excellent 
catalogues of Neumann and Weyl, the former relating to 
copper coins only ; in addition to which, the cost of these 
works, and the fact of their being in a foreign tongue, 
prevent them being readily accessible to most collectors. 

Having personally experienced the inconvenience of being 
compelled to consult so many different works, whilst 
endeavouring to make a collection of Colonial Coins, I 
determined, so far as I might be able, to remedy this 
deficiency by gathering into one volume the information 
scattered in so many forms and directions, supplementing 
with such additional knowledge as I have acquired during a 
collecting experience of thirty years. 

In preparing this list I would seek altogether to disarm 
criticism by disclaiming at once any pretension to finality 
or completeness. The vastuess of the subject, embracing 
as it does the British possessions scattered over the habit- 
able world, together with the fact that no previous effort 
has ever been made in this direction, are quite sufficient 
grounds, if any such were requisite, for offering no apology 
for any incompleteness in this the fii^st attempt to produce 
an entire view of the Coins and Tokens of our Colonial 
Empire. Whatever the sins of omission or commission 
may be, of the latter I trust there will be but few, as I have 
carefully abstained, with rare exceptions, from describing 
any coins but those I have myself seen. 



PRfFACK. 



Should, however, any such errors be discovered, I should 
be most obliged for such corrections or additions as might 
make a future edition (should one ever be called for) more 
perfect than the first. 

Neither do I make any claim to literary style in the 
following pages, as this would be quite out of place in a 
work professing simply to give a plain, and, so far as may 
be, a reliable list of these pieces. 

The making of this book has been a labour of love to me 
for several years past, and until recently no thought of its 
ever being published had occurred to me ; but encouraged 
by the advice and assistance of many friends, I have at 
last brought it out. I do so in the hope that there may 
be some brother collectors to whom it will prove of 
assistance, and who may be spared by my research some of 
the difiiculties and labours which I experienced during my 
early years as a collector. 

Amongst so many who have kindly rendered me aid in 
this endeavour, it would perhaps be invidious to mention 
any in particular, but I cannot refrain from returning my 
thanks to J. B. Caldecott, Esq., for many valuable 
suggestions, especially in the East India section; to W. 
Carew Hazlitt, Esq., and R. A. Hoblyn, Esq. ; to H. 
Montagu, Esq., for ready access to his unrivalled collection 
of proofs and patterns; and to J. G. LIurdoch, Esq. I 
have also to thank Messrs. Lincoln & Son, Messrs. Spink & 
Sons, and Mr. F. E. Whelan, of London, and Messrs. R. 
Heaton & Sons, of The Mint, Birmingham, for the invariable 
kindness shown in giving me' any information in their 
power; and last, but not least, to the authorities at the 
British Museum and the Royal Mint, for much assistance 
during the course of my researches in the National Collec- 
tions at those places. 

In conclusion, I have only to add that a short historical 
notice is prefaced to each section ; that each division of the 
globe — Europe, Asia, Africa, America, and Australasia — is 



VI PREFACE. 

treated separately; and that an effort has been made, as 
far as possible, to. arrange the colonies and dependencies of 
each division, and also the coins and tokens issued by them, 
in chronological as well as in geographical order. It may 
not be altogether out of place here also to state that to the 
European section I have added, what I believe to be the only 
attempt in this country to give, a complete account of the 
coins struck during the reign of the four Georges and 
William IV. for their German possessions, and which, 
although they cannot be strictly classed as Colonial Coins, 
have yet too intimate a relationship to them to be left out 
of a work of this kind. 

JAMES ATKINS. 
Bkoml£y, Kent, 

October, 1888. 



NOTE. 

The only abbreviations used in this work are — O : for obverse, and 
It : for reverse. 

In many cases the distinctive application of obverse, or reverse, are 
purely arbitrary, and simply intended to distinguish one side from the 
other. 

In the illustrations the obverse of the coin is usually found to the 
left, with the reverse to the right ; but I am sorry to say that the artist 
in drawing some of the illustrations was pleased to take a different 
view of the subject to myself, and so it has come to pass in a few 
instances that the O : and H : of the description does not agree with 
those of the illustration. This was not discovered until it was too late 
to correct it. 

I may also add that the illustrations will be found to immediately 
follow the description of the coin to which they refer. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



EUEOPE.— Comprising The Channel Islands, The Isle 
of Man, Gibraltar, Malta, The Ionian Islands, and 
Cyprus. And including the Anglo-Hanoverian 
coinage of Hanover with Brunswick Luneburg, East 
Friesland, and Brunswick "Wolfenbuttel . . 3-128 

ASIA. — Embracing the Presidencies of Bombay, Bengal, 
and Madras. The Indian Empire, Ceylon, Sumatra, 
Malacca, Pulu-Pcnang, and the Straits Settlements, 
together with Java, Hong-Kong, Labuan, Borneo, 
Sarawak, and Mauritius ..... 129-235 

AFEICA.— Consisting of the Gold Coast, Sierra Leone, 
St. Helena, The Cape Colony, Griqua Town, and 
Natal 237-246 

AMEEICA.— Comprising the Early American Coinages 
and Newfoundland. The Dominion of Canada, which 
includes New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince 
Edward's Island, Magdalen Island, British Columbia, 
and Upper and Lower Canada. Together with the 
"West Indies, British Honduras, and British Guiana . 249-331 

ALTSTRALASIA.— Embracing in Australia the provinces 
of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland. South 
Australia, and Western Australia. And including the 
islands of Van Dieman's Land, or Tasmania, and New 
Zealand 333-381 

INDEX 383 



COINS AND TOKENS 

OF THE BRITISH POSSESSIONS 



IN 



EUROPE. 



The Channel Islands. 


Isle of Man 


GiBEALTAE. 


Malta. 


Ionian Islands. 


Cypeus. 



And Including 

Hanovee with Beunswick-Lunebeeg. 

East Fbiesland and Beunswick-Wolfenbuttel, 



K 



THE CHANNEL ISLANDS. 

These islands were captured by Rollo, and thus became 
an appanage of tlie Uucliy of Normandy, and afterwards 
united to the Crown of England by his descendant William 
the Conqueror. The inhabitants preferred to remain sub- 
jects of John at the period of the invasion of Normandy by 
Philip Augustus, and, while retaining the laws, customs, 
and (until lately) the language of their continental ancestors, 
have always remained firm in their allegiance to England. 
The only coins struck for these islands have been copper 
and bronze, which will first be described, and afterwards 
the tokens, both silver and copper. 



1. 







R 


2. 
3. 






R 



4. 



GUERNSEY. 

Copper Coins. 

Shield of arms, GUERNESEY above, and a 
laurel wreath below. 

3 I DOUBLES 1 183 1, in three lines, within a 
wreath of laurel. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1858. 
Shield as before, GUERNESEY under it, no 
wreath. 

4 I DOUBLES 1 1830 | in three lines. 




Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1858. 

1 ^ 



1, CHANNEL ISLANDS. 

5. : As No. 3. 

R: Q I DOUBLES I 1858, in three lines. 
G. : Similar to last. 

R: 1 I DOUBLE ] 1830, in three lines. 

There are bronzed and copper proofs of 
Nos. 1, 3, and Q, of this series. 
Bronze Coins. 
Shield of arms, GUERNESEY above, and a 
laurel wreath below. 

3 I DOUBLES I 1861, in three lines, within a 
wreath of laurel. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1864. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1868. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 
Shield as before, GUERNESEY under it, no 
wreath. 

4 I DOUBLES I 1864, in three lines. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1868. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 
Similar to No. 12. 

2 I DOUBLES I 1868, in three lines. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 
Similar to No. 12. 
1 I DOUBLE I 1868, in three lines. 

20. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

JERSEY. 
Copper Coins. 

21. 0: Bust to left, the hair filleted. VICTORIA D : G : 

BRITANNIAR:REGINA F:D: 1841. 
R : Shield of arms, STATES OF JERSEY, above, 
1/13 OF A SHILLING, below. 

22. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1844, 



7. 


0: 




R: 


8. 




9. 




10. 




11. 




12. 


0: 




R 


13. 




14. 




15. 




16. 







R 


17. 




18. 




19. 







R 



JERSEY. 



23. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1851. 

24. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1858. 

25. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1861. 

26. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1865. 

There are proofs of Nos. 21, 24, 25, and 26. 

27. : Bust as before, see No. 21, date 1841. 

B : Shield of arms as before, STATES OF JERSEY 
above, 1/26 OF A SHILLING below. 

28. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1844. 

29. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1851. 

30. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1858. 

31. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1861. 

Proofs occur of Nos. 27, 30, and 31. 

32. 0: Similar to No. 21, excepting in size, date 1841. 
B : Shield as before . STATES OF JERSEY .above, 

1/52 OF A SHILLING below. 




33. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18G1. 

Proofs exist of both these pieces, the latter 
rarely occurs in any other condition. 
Bronze Coins. 

34. 0: Coroneted bust to left, VICTORIA D.G. 

BRITANNIAR.REGINA F.D. 1866. 
B: Shield of arms, STATES OF JERSEY above, 
ONE THIRTEENTH OF A SHILLING 
below. 

35. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

36. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

37. : Similar to No. 34, excepting in size, date 1866. 
B : Shield as before, STATES OF JERSEY above, 

ONE TWENTY-SIXTH OF A SHILLING 
below. 



CHANNEL ISLANDS. 



39. 

40. 0; 
R 

41. 

42. 

43. 



Similar to last^ excepting date, wliicli is 1870. 

Similar to last, excepting date, wliicli is 1871. 

All these pieces are found as proofs. 

Coroneted bust to left, a seven-pointed star 
under, and a small h (for Heaton,) YICTORIA 
D . G . BEITANNIAE . REGINA F. D. 

A pointed shield of arms divides the date 18 — 
77, STATES OF JERSEY above, ONE 
TWELFTH OF A SHILLING below. 

Similar to last, excepting in size and value, ONE 
TWENTY-FOURTH OF A SHILLING. 

Similar to last, excepting in size and value, ONE 
48th OF A SHILLING. 

These three also occur as proofs without the 
initial h. on obverse. 

Similar to No. 40, excepting date, which is 
18-81. 



44. 


0: 




R: 


45. 


0: 




R: 



SiLVEE Tokens. 

Arms of Jersey within a double circle, BISHOP 

DE JERSEY & Co. ^ 
TOKEN OF FIVE SHILLINGS in three lines 

within a wreath, BANK OF GUERNESEY. 

1809. 
Shield of arms, STATES OF JERSEY, 1813. 
THREE SHILLINGS TOKEN, in three hues, 

within a wreath. 




CnANNEL ISLANDS. 7 

40. : As last. 

It : EIGHTEEN PENCE TOKEN, iu tlircc lines, 
witliiu a wreatli. 

All these tokens arc found as proofs, No. 
4i being exceedingly rare. 

Copper Tokens. 
All Fenny size. 
47. 0: Laureated bust of George III. JERSEY BANK 
TOKEN, 1812. 
U: ELIAS NEEL, JERSEY. A BANK OF 
ENGLAND NOTE FOR 240 TOKENS. 
Draped bust of George III. JERSEY BANK, 

1813. 
Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia, 

ONE PENNY TOKEN. 
JERSEY. GUERNESEY AND ALDERNEY. 

ONE PENNY TOKEN. 
Prince of Wales' plume and motto. TO 

FACILITATE TRADE. 1813. 
As last. 

Bust of George III. in a thick wreath of oak. 
As last. 

ONE PENNY TOKEN. Within a wreath. 
: As last. 

B : Druid's head. PURE COPPER PREFERABLE 
TO J'APER. PENNY TOKEN. 



48. 







li 


49, 







R 


50. 







R 


51. 







n 






ISLE OF MAN. 

The Isle of Man was owned by the Earls of Derby from 
the year 1406 to 1735, who exercised all the rights of a 
sovereign even to the coining of money. The first issue of 
copper coins took place in 1709, and consisted of pennies 
and halfpennies. These coins are cast. There had been an 
issue of private tokens prior to this in 1668. In 1735 the 
island fell by inheritance to the Duke of Atholl who also 
exercised sovereign rights, and who in 1758 issued pennies 
and halfpennies. His rights were in 1765 purchased by the 
Enghsh Parliament for the sum of £70,000, and a further 
sum of £132,944 was given in Januaiy, 1829, for the 
purchase of his remaining interest in the revenues of the 
island. Copper pennies and halfpennies were issued in 1786, 
1798 and 1813, and again, with the addition of farthings, in 
1839. There are no silver coins, and in 1840 the separate 
issue for the island was stopped; since that time they 
have the ordinary coins such as are current in other parts of 
the kingdom. In addition to the seventeenth century token 
already mentioned, a considerable number of tokens, both 
silver and copper, were issued early in this present century. 

Coins of the Isle op Man. 
Penny. 

1. 0: The Stanley crest, ujDon a cap of maintenance. 

^ SANS ^ CHANGER ^ 1709. 
E: The triune. QYOCVNQYE ^ GESSERIS ^ 
STABIT J^ 
Tlalf penny . 

2. Similar to last. Both these coins are cast. 
Fenny. 

3. : The Stanley crest, &c., as before. SANS . 

CHANGER. 1723. 
U'. The triune. QVOCVNQVE . GESSERIS . 
STABIT :•: 



ISLE OF MAN. 9 

4. Similar to last excepting date, which is 1724. 

n.alfpenny. 

5 Similar to No. 4. 

There are silver proofs of Nos. 3, 4 and 5, 

and these, as well as the copper pieces, are all 

very rare. 

Penny ? 

6. : The Stanley crest, &c., as before. SANS . 
CHANGER . 1725. 
R: The triune. QUOCUNQUE . GESSEEIS . 
STABIT :•: 

This piece is in silver and may be a pattern 
for a penny, but much more probably is a 
medal, as it is much larger than any of the 
pennies of this period. It is exceedingly rare. 
Clay in his work on the Manx coinage 
erroneously gave the date as 1705. This was 
due to the fact that the specimen described 
by him, had the date so low down, that the 
bottom part of the figure 2 cannot be seen. 
The specimen in the British Museum is in the 
same condition. 

7. : Similar to No. 4, excepting that the eagle has a 

sprig in its mouth, date 1732. 
B: The triune dividing the initials j 

QUOCUNQUE . lECERIS . STABIT. 

8. Similar to last but with a difference in the sprig. 

These also are patterns and very rare. 
>/ f 9. 0: The Stanley crest . SANS . CHANGER . 1 733. 

R : Triune dividing initials j Legend as before. 

This occurs in copper and in brass. There 
are also patterns in silver, and there are 
several minor variations of die. 



10 

Halfpenny. 

10. 



ISLE OF MAX. 



I D 



Similar l,to last , . Also in silver, copper 
a ,•■ 2 

and brass. 




Penny. 

^ Oc 11. 



S^.^. — the monogram of tlie Duke of Atlioll, a 

crown above, and the date below, 1758. 

R : The triune. QUOCUNQUE . JECERIS .STABIT. 

There are silver and bronzed proofs of this, 

and there are several slight variations of die, 

as also of No. 12. 




Halfpenny . 

12. 

Fenny. 

13. 0'. 



Similar to No. 1 1, excepting in size and value. 

Laureated bust to right . GEORGIVS III DEI 

GRATIA. 178G. 
The triune. QVOCVNQUE lECERIS. STABIT. 




IStE OF MAN. 



11 



Halfpenny. 



Fenny. 

sy\o. 



R 



16. 



Halfpenny. 
^/17. 

18. 



Penny. 
v/ 19. " : 
R: 

Halfpenny. 



Farthing. 
21. 



Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Proofs occur of Nos. 13 and 14 with both 
plain and milled edges. 

Laureated bust to right. GEORGIVS III. 

D : G . REX, 1 798. 
The triune QVOCVNQVE lECERIS STABIT. 
Similar to last excepting date, which is 1813. 

Similar to No. 15, excepting in size and value, n*^^ 
Halfpenny similar to No. 16, excepting in size 
and value. 

These are broad rim coins with the legends 
in incuse letters on the rim. 

Thei-e are bronzed proofs of Nos. 15-18; 
also gilt bronze of Nos. 15 and 16. 

Bust to left . VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839 
The triune. QVOCVNQVE lECERIS STABIT 

Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 




Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

There are bronzed and copper proofs of 
the last three pieces. Patterns also occur 
of No. 19 dated 1841, and 1859; of No. 20 
dated 1841, and 1860; and of No. 21, dated 
1860, and 1864. These, however, were never 
issued as coins. 



12 ISLE or MAN. 

Silver Tokens. 

22. 0: View of Peel Castle and harbour. PEEL 

CASTLE above, ISLE OF MAN below. 
B.: PROMISE 1 TO PAY | THE BEARER | ON 
DEMAND I 5 SHILLINGS | BRITISH | 
1811, in seven lines. THE DOUGLAS 
BANK Co. ^ AT THEIR BANK, DOUG- 
LAS Sf, in an outer circle. 

23. : Similar to tbe last. 

B : Similar to the last, excepting that the fifth line 
of i^ : is 2s 6d. 

24. : View of Peel Castle and harbour, no legend. 

E : DOUGLAS I BANK TOKEN | ONE SHIL- 
LING I BRITISH I 1811 in five lines. 

I have seen a small copper token as follows. 

25. : As last. 

R: S . ASH . in centre of the field of the coin. 

Copper Tokens. 

2G. 0: View of Peel Castle and harbour, PEEL 
CASTLE above, ISLE OF MAN below. 
It: DOUGLAS I BANK TOKEN | ONE PENNY 
I 1811. in four lines. 

27. Similar to preceding, excepting that the word 

BANK is omitted on the reverse. 

28. Halfpenny similar to No. 26, excepting in size 

and value. 

29. : Atlas supporting a globe, PAYABLE AT THE 

OFFICE DOUGLAS. 
R: The triune, MANKS TOKEN ONE PENNY. 
1811. 

30. Halfpenny similar, excepting in size and value. 

31. 0: BANK I PENNY in two lines in centre within 

a circle, ISLE OF MAN • 1811 • 
R : The triune, QVOCVNQVE lECERIS STABIT. 
V 32. Halfpenny similar, excepting in size and value. 



ISLE OP MAN. 



13 



Penny. 
33. 0: 



V 



Bust to right, GOD : SAVE : THE : KING 1830. 
(George III. ?) 

FOR '^—^^ PUBLICK ACCOMODATION, 
displayed in three lines. This is struck in 
copper and brass, there is a variety in brass 
which has a square top to the figure_3^ 



Halfpenny. 



34. Similar excepting in size and value. 

35. : HALF | PENNY | TOKEN in three lines in 

the centre, PRO BONO PUBLICO 1831. 

R : The triune. QUOCUNQUE . lECERIS . STABIT, 

The legend on both sides is incuse on a broad 

v^ thick rim. This also occurs in copper and 

brass. 

I'o make our list as complete as possible we add a 

description of the only 1 7th Century token known to exist. 

36. : HIS I PENNY | I ^t M in three lines within a 

circle. lOHN * MVRRAY * 1668. 
R : The triune, QVOCVNQVE . GESSERIS • STA- 
BIT *. 



GIBRALTAR. 

The ancient Calpe^ a town on a rock in South Spain, on 
which is placed a fortress considered impregnable. It was 
attacked by the British, and taken on July 24th, 1704. 
The Spaniards attempted to retake it in 1705, and again in 
1727, but were repulsed with great loss on both occasions. 

Again in 1779 it was besieged by an immense force of 
French and Spaniards combined, and kept in a state of 
siege for upwards of three years, but the English garrison, 
under General Eliott, were successful in withstanding all 
their efforts, and the blockade ceased on February 5th, 
1783. 

The only coins are copper, struck in 1842, and are for 
two, one, and half quarts respectively. 

The tokens are not numerous, and are of copper only. 

y Coins. 

^ 1. 0: Bust to left. VICTORIA D : G : BRITAN- 
NIAE : EEGINA F : D : 1842. 
U: A castle with a key under it, GIBRALTAR 
above, TWO QUARTS below. 
\/ 2. ' ONE QUART. Similar, excepting in size and 

value. 

3. HALF QUART. Similar. 

There are bronzed and copper proofs of 
each of these, and I have also seen a set dated 
1861, These latter were never issued, but 
are only patterns. 

Tokens. 

4. : View of Gibraltar, PAYABLE AT R. REEL- 

INGS above, GIBRALTER below. 
n : Castle and key VALUE TWO QUARTS 1802. 



GJURALTAi:. 



15 




5. ONE QUART. Similar to last, excepting in size 

aud value. 
^. : A liou lioldiog a key. PAYABLE AT ROBERT 
KEELING & SON^S. GIBRALTAR. 
7?: A castle. VALUE TWO QUARTS above, 
1810 below. 

7. ONE QUARTO. Similar to last, excepting in 

size and vakie. 

8. : Similar to No. 6, excepting that there is no dot 

before or after Gibraltar. 
R : Similar to last, excepting that the figures of date 
are smaller. 

9. ONE QUARTO. Similar to No. 8, excepting 

in size and value. 

10. 0: Lion and key, PAYABLE AT RICHARD 

CATTONS GOLDSMITH. GIBRALTAR 
1813. 
R : 2. QUARTOS within a wreath, a crown over. 
AGENTE PARA LA FABRICA DE DIA- 
MANTES PATENTES. DE DUDDELL. 
HOLBORN. LONDRES. 

11. 1 QUARTO. Similar, but without the legend 

on reverse. 

12. 0: Lion and key. PAYABLE AT JAMES 

SPITTLE'S above, GIBRALTAR below. 
B : View of fortifications. VALUE TWO QUARTOS 
1818. 

13. '. Same as last. 

E : Similar view, VALE DOS QUARTOS 1820. 



16 GIBRALTAR. 

14. UN QUARTO. Similar to last, excepting in 

size and value. 
There are Spanish Dollars with their various divisions 
found, which are countermarked on both sides with the 
floriated capitals <^3E in a circular indent. These are 
mentioned by Boyne in his work on Silver Tokens, and 
supposed by him to have been so marked for use in some 
of the Colonies. I have been informed, on pretty good 
authority, that they were used early in the present century 
for the payment of the troops at Gibraltar. I have, there- 
fore, taken this opportunity of mentioning them, although I 
do not positively assign them to this purpose. See also a 
note to a somewhat similar piece assigned to the West 
Indies. 



'*t ^ r *\ 




MALTA, 

The ancient Melita, ^yas given to the Knights Hospitallers 
in 1530j and taken from them by the French in 1798. It 
surrendered to the British in 1800, and was confirmed in 
their possession by the treaty of Paris in 1814. 

Ruding, in his "Annals of the Coinage," says that the third 
of a farthing was ordered to be struck for this island on 
February 26th, 1827, and again on March 10th, 18o5, It 
has also been struck in both copper and bronze during the 
reign of Victoria. 

Copper. 

1. 0: Laureated bust to left. GEORGIUS IV DEI 
GBATIA. 1827. 
R : Britannia seated holding trident ; rose, shamrock, 
and thistle under, BRITANNIAR : REX 
FID : DEF : 




2. 0: Bust to right, GULIELMUS IIII DEI 

GRATIA 1835. 
R : Same as last. 

There are bronzed and copper proofs of 
Nos. 1 and 2. 

3. 0: Bust to left, the hair filleted. VICTORIA 

DEI GRATIA 1844. 
R : Britannia as before, BRITANNIAR : REG : 
FID : DEF : 

2 



18 



MALTA. 



Bronze. 

4. : Laureated bust to left, VICTORIA D.G. BRITT. 

REG. F.D. 
B: ONE THIRD I FARTHING I 1866 in tliree 
lines within an oak wreath, a crown over. 

5. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1868. 

6. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876. 

7. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1878. 

8. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 
v/ 9. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 

10. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 




IONIA.N ISLANDS. 

TjfESE islands were taken under the protection of Great 
Britain in 1815, and remained so until 1864 when they were 
handed over to the kingdom of Greece. According to 
Ruding, a penny, halfpenny, and farthing were ordered to 
be struck for these islands on February 11th, 1819. And 
on August 23rd, 1834, a silver piece of 30 oboli, as well as 
a copper obolus, was ordered ; the latter being of the weight 
of 240 to the pound. 

Silver. 
30 Oholi. 

1. 0: 30 w^^^^i^^^oa^^i'^^*^- lONIKON KPAT02 

above it, 1834 below. 

R : Britannia seated facing right, holding a trident. 

BRITANNIA. 




2. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1849. 

3. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1851. 

4. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1852. 

5. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1857. 

6. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18G2. 

Proofs occur of all these coins. 

Copper. 

PertHj/ {or 10 Oholi). 

7. 0: The winged lion of St. Mark. lONIKON 

KPATO^ 1819. 
R : Britannia seated facing left, holding olive branch 
and trident. BRITANNIA. 



20 IONIAN ISLANDS. 




Halfpenny {or 5 Oholi). 
8. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Farihing {or 2h Oholi). 

^9. ■? Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

1^10. Similar excepting date, wliicli is 1820. 

There are bronzed and copper proofs of Nos. 7-10. 

Obolus. 
^11. : Winged lion of St. Mark. lONOKON KPATOS . 

1884. 
R: Britannia seated facing right holding trident. 
BEITANNIA. 

There is a bronze proof of this. 

12. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 

13. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1848. 

14. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1849. 
^ 15. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1851. 

16. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1853. 

17. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1857. 

18. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1862. 

There are copper proofs of Nos. 16, 17, and 
18, and there are also " mules " or varieties 
made by combining the obverses of Nos. 7 
and 8 with the obverses of the Irish penny 
of Geo. IV. and the Ceylon stiver of Geo. III. 
respectively. 



CYPRUS. 



Tffis, the latest acquisition of England in the Mediter- 
ranean, was ceded by the Sultan of Turkey for administrative 
purposes, under the Anglo-Turkish Convention of June 4th, 
1878. 

The following bronze coins have been struck for use in 
the island : — 



Piastre. 
h 0: 

R 

2. 
3. 
4. 



G. 
7. 

Piastre. 



9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 

13. 
14. 



Coroneted bust to left. VICTORIA QUEEN, 
1879. 

1 within a circle of dots. CYPRUS ° ONE 

PIASTRE «. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 
Similar to last, excepting with initial n. for 

Heaton. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885, 

but without the h. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1887. 

Similar to No. 1 excepting in size and value, 

1879. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 
Similar to last, excepting with initial ii. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885, 

but without the h. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 188G. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1887. 



22 

Quarter 
Piastre. 

15. 

16. 
17. 

18. 
19. 

20. 
21. 



CYPRUS. 



Similar to No. 1 excepting in size and value, 

1879. 
Similar to last, excepting date, wMcli is 1880. 
Similar to last, excepting date, wMcli is 1881. 
Similar to last, excepting with initial h. 
Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1885, but 

without the h. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1887. 
There are proof sets of 1879. 




t 



THE ANGLO-HANOVEBIAN COINS. 

The electorate and kingdom of Hanover, together witli 
the dukedoms of Brunswick and Luneberg, became a portion 
of the British empire by the accession of George Lewis, 
Elector, in 1714, to the throne of England. From this time, 
therefore, to the death of William IV. in 1837, the coins of 
these States come within the scope of this work. 

The majority of these coins were struck at the mints at 
Clausthall or Zellerfeld, the Hanover mint only commencing 
its operations in 1814. 

The coins of the Clausthall mint usually bear the bust or 
arms of the sovereign on obverse, and the running horse on 
reverse, but when the metal of which the coins were made 
was brought from the mines at Andreasberg, then the 
reverse bears St. Andrew with his cross. 

The Zellerfeld coins usually bear a wild man holding a 
fir-tree, the symbol of Brunswick Luneberg. The wild man 
holds the tree in his right hand. (The coins of Brunswick 
Wolfenbuttel bear the same wild man holding the tree in his 
left hand.) The tree usually has branches on one side only, 
but the mint at Zellerfeld being closed in 1789, and its 
business transferred to Clausthal from that time to the 
opening of the Hanover mint in 1814, the fir-tree has 
branches on both sides. On the smaller silver and many 
of the copper coins, the royal cypher appears on obverse, and 
the value on reverse. 

On most of the coins the initials of the mint master 
appear ; it will be as well, therefore, to give a list of their 
names during the English connection. On some of the 
coins the initial C. only appears ; this denotes commission, 
and only occurs in those years in which there was a vacancy 



24 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

in the office of mint master. The initial A. also occurs, 
and denotes administrator. 

Clausthal Mint. 
HEINRICH CHRISTIAN BONHORST, 1702-1725. 
CHRISTIAN PHILIP SPANGANBERG, 1725-1751. 
JOHAN WILHELM SCHLEMN, 1753-1788. 
PHILIP LUDWIG MAGIUS, 1792-1800. 
GEORG FRIEDRICH MICHAELIS, 1802-1807. 
JOHAN WILHELM LUNDE, 1807-1819, Director. 
WILHELM AUGUST JULIUS ALBERT, 1821-1838, 

Administrator. 

Zelleefeld Mint. 
HEINRICH HORST, 1711-1719. 
ERNEST PETER HECHT, 1723-1731. 
JOHAN ALBRECHT BRAUNS, 1731-1739. 
JOHAN BENJAJIIN HECHT, 1739-1763. 
JOHAN ANTON PFEFFER, 1763-1773. 
LUDWIG CHRISTIAN RUPERTT, 1773-1778. 
CHRISTOF ENGLEHARD SEIDENSTICKER, 1780- 

1785. 

Hanover Mint. 

CHRISTIAN HEINRICH HAASE, 1814-1818. 
LUDWIG AUGUST BRUEL, 1818-1838. 

For the more convenient identification of the coins "which 
follow, a table giving the shape of the various coats of arms, 
and shields, in outline, is here placed. For easy reference 
the arms, and shields, are numbered separately, and will be 
referred to in the description of the coins, by the numbers 
which are placed under them. There are minor variations 
in the shape of shields, which arc impossible to specify, but 
these given will be found to embrace all the most striking 
differences. 



25 




^MSg^ia^'Me *i''*'yc^'*o 0*^'^€.i s^ .'"jui.r^r u^eon £.C 



26 



ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 







4. 



Gold Coins. 
George I. 1714-27. 



Ducats ur Gulden, 



1. 



R 



2. 



Bust to right. GEOEGIUS . D . G . M . BRIT . 

FE . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
Four sliields crosswise, sceptres in saltire. 

H . c . B . at the sides of the Irish shield, 

BR . ET . LUN . DUX .S.R.I.A.T.& 

EL. 1715. 
Similar to last, but with aur? hero, under bust. 
This is made from gold brought from the 

Hartz Mountains. 




GEORGE 1. 27 

3. : Bust as before, u . c. b . under, GEORG . 

D . G . M . BRIT . F . & H . REX . F . D. 
R : Four shields crosswise, two sceptres in saltire, a 
starin centre, BR . & LUN . D . S . R . I . A .T . 
&EL. 171G. 

4. : Bust as before, b. under. GEORG . D . G . M . 

BRIT . F . & H . REX . F . D. 
li : Four shields crosswise, and sceptres in saltire, 
a star in centre, BR . & L . D . S . R . I . A . T 
& EL. 1717. 

5. Similar to last, but with aur^ hero, under 

bust. 

6. Similar to last, but dated 1719. 

7. Similar to No. 4, excepting date, which is 1721. 

8. Similar to No. 4, excepting date, which is 1724. 

9. 0: Four shields crosswise, a star in centre. GEORG. 

D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . H . REX . F . D. 
li : Wild man and tree, e . p . h . under. BRUN . 
& LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . & EL . 
172G. 

10. Similar to No. 5, excepting date, which is 1727. 

Saff Ducat. 

11. : Bust to right, b. under,GEORG . D . G . M . B . F . 

& H . REX . F . D. 
E : Running horse. BR . & . L . DVX . 

5 . R . I . A . TH . & E. 1724. 

George II. 1727-60. 

JPott/' Gulden. 

12. : Bust to left. GEORG . II . D . G . M . B . F . 

6 H . REX. Under the bust is F . D. 

U : nil GOLD 1 GULDEN | 8 THALER | N . D . 
FDS . I I . A . s . in six lines. BRUNS . ET . 
LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL . 
1749. 

13. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1750. 



28 ANGLO-IIANOVEKIAN. 

li. : As No. 12, excepting the latter part of legend, 
which is F . ET . H . REX . F . D. 
li : As No. 12, excepting the latter part of legend, 
which is T . ET . EL . and date 1752. 

Five Thalcrs. 

15. : Shield No. 8, crowned. GEORG . II . D . G . 

M . B . F . & H . REX . F . D. 
R: eg. V ♦ 1 THALER | & 1758 eg, | ^ i . a . s ^ 

in four lines. BRUNS . ET LUN . DUX . 

S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 
IG. Similar to last, excepting the shield, which is 

No. 10. 
Ttoo Gulden. 

17. 0: Similar to No. 12. 

li : II GOLD I GULDEN ] 4 THALER | N . D . R . 
FUS. I s. I in five lines. BRUNS . ET . LUN . 
DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 1749. 

18. : Shield No. 3. GEORG . II . D . G . M. BRIT . 

FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
II : Similar in all respects to last. 

19. Similar to No. 17, excepting date, which is 

1751, and initials i . w . s. 

20. Similar to last, but dated 1752. 

21. Similar to last, but dated 1753. 

22. Similar to No. 18, excepting date, which is 1754, 

and initials i . w . s. 

23. : Shield No. 8. GEORG . II . D . G . M . B . F . 

ET . H . REX . F . D. 
It : Similar to No. 17, excepting date, which is 1754, 

and initials i . w . S. 
Ducats or Gulden. 
21. : Four shields crosswise, two sceptres in saltire. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . P . & H . 

REX . F . D . B . & L . DUX . S . R . I . A . 

TH . & EL. 
It: Running horse, AUEpHERC 1727 under, NEC 

ASPERA TERRENT. 



GEOlfOR ir. 



29 



27. 

28. 

29. 

30. 



31. 
32. 
33. 

34. 



35. 

3G. 

37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 

Half 
41. 



D . G . M . B . F 



DUX . S . R 



25. : Shield No. 3, legend as last. 

B: Running liorse, 1732 under, NEC ASPERA 

TERRENT. 
2G. 0. Bust to left. GEORG . II 
ET . H . REX . F . D. 
R : Shield No. 3. BR . ET . LUN 
I . A . T . ET EL . 1732. 
Similar to No. 25, excepting date, which is 1737. 
Similar to No. 25, excepting date, which is 1744, 

and EX . AUR . herchin in a curve under horse. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1748. 
: Bust to left, GEORG .II.D.G.M.B.F. 

ET . H . REX . F . D. 
E : 1 GOLD I GULDEN | 2 THAL : | N . D . R . 

FUS. I s. in five lines, BR . ET LUN . DUX . 

S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 1749. 
Different bust, otherwise as last, but dated 1750. 
Similar to No. 30, but dated 1751. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 175G, 

and EX . AUKO . herc | i . b . h. under horse. 
: As No. 30. 
R: 1 I DUCAT I N . D . R . FUS . | i . a . s. in four 

lines, BR . ET . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . T . 

ET . EL. 1751. 
Running horse, legend as last. 
As last. 
As No. 23. 

As No. 30, excepting date, which is 1752. 
Similar to No. 30, excepting date, which is 1753. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1754. 
Similar to No. 36, excepting date, which is 1754. 
Similar to No. 36, excepting date, which is 1755. 

Gulden or Thaler. 

: Bust to left, s. under. Legend as No. 30. 

R : Shield as centre of Arms No. 1, crown divides 

date, 1730. BR.ET . L . DUX . S . R . I . A . 

TH . ET . EL. 



30 ANGLO- HANOVEEIAN. 

42. : As last. 

B: Shield No. 3, crowu divides date, 1737. BR . 
ET . L . DUX . S . R . I . A . T . BT . EL. 

43. : Bust to left, GEORG . II . D . G . M . B . F . 

ET . H . REX . F . D. 
B: iGOLD | GULDEN 1 I.THAL: | N.D.R.F. | 
% . iu five liuGs. BR . ET . LUN . DUX . 
S . R . I . xl . T . ET . EL. 1749. 

44. : As last. 

i? : i GOLD I GULDEN | I THALER 1 N . D . R . 
F. I i.A.s.iufiveliues, BRUN . ET . LUN . 
DUX . S . R . I . A. TH. ET. EL. 1750. 

45. Similar to last, but legend on R : reads BR . 

ET.LUN.DUX.S . R . I . A . T. ET . EL. 
1750, and s. only, in place of initials i . a . s. 

46. Similar to No. 44, excepting date, whicli is 1754. 

47. Similar to No. 44, excepting date, whicH is 1756. 

Salf Thale)' or Quarter Gulden. 

48. : '^. ^. ill monogram crowned, s. under. 

R: Running liorso, NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 
1730. 

49. : Bust to left. GEORG . II . D . G . M . B . F . 

ET . H . REX . F . D. 
R: if.1:^ I GOLD G: | ^ THAL : | N.D.R.F. | 
s . in five lines. BR . ET . LUN . DUX . 
S . R . I . A . T. ET. EL. 1754. 

50. : Similar to last, but with s. under bust. 

R : As last, excepting date, 1757, and end of legend, 
which is T . & EL. 

These last coins are usually found as proofs. 

George III. 1760-1820. 
George d'or. 

51. 0: Bust to right, c . under. GEORGIVS III . 

D . G . M . B . F . ET . H . REX . F . D . 
R : Shield of arms, crowned, BRVNS . ET . LYN . 
DVX . S . R . I . A . T . ET . EL . 1768. 



GEOEGE III. 



31 




r.o 







R 



Bust to right, different to preceding GEORGIVS . 

Ill . DEI . GRATIA. 
Shield of arms, crown divides date, 17 — 83. M . 

B . F . ET . H . REX . F . D . B . ET . L . 

D . S . R . I . A . T . ET . E. 

Ten Thalers. 

53. : Running horse, c . h . h . under. GEORGIUS 

III D . G . BRITANNIARUM REX F . D ^ 
*X* 1 THALER I 1814. [ in three lines. 

BRUNS . ET LUNEB . DUX . S . R . I . A . 

TH . ET ELECT s§> 



n 




Five Thalers. 

54. : Shield as centre of Arms No. 2, with garter 
depending from it ; legend as last. 
R: cg.V# I THALER | &1813& | t. w. in four 
lines. BRUNSVICENSIS ET LUNEBURG 
DUX . S . R . I . A . T . ET . E. 




00. 



Similar to last, but dated 1814. 



32 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

56. : Running liorse, ex auro | hercini^ in two lines 

under. GEORG . Ill . D . G . BRITAN- 
NIARUM. REX. E . D.^ 
R: ^V¥ I THALER ] 1814 | c . in four lines, 
BRUNS . ET . LUNEB . DUX .S.R.I. 
A.TII . ET. ELECT. ^ 

57. Similar to No. 54, but dated 1815. 

The initials x . w on Nos. 54, 55, and 57, 
are for Thomas Wyon. These coins are only 
met with as proofs and are most probably 
patterns. 
Tii'o-and-a-Half Thalers. 

58. : Running horse, c . h . h . under. GEORGIUS 

III . D . G. BRITANNIARUM REX . F . D. 
R: '^2|•^ I THALER | 1814. in three lines. 
BRUNS . ET . LUNEB . DUX . S . R . I . A . 
TH . ET . ELECT ^ | 

59. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1815. 
■ Ducats or Gulden. 

60. : Shield No. 3. GEORG . III. D. G. M. BR . 

F . ET . H . REX . F . D . B . & L . DUX . 
S . R . I . A . TH . & EL. 
R\ Running horse, ex . auro . hero . | 1767 | 
I . A . P . in three lines under ; no legend. 

61. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1768. 

62. Similar to No. 60, excepting date, which is 1774. 

63. : Shield No. 1, otherwise as No. 60. 

R\ Similar to No. 60, excepting date, 1776, and 
initials, L . c . r. 

64. : Shield No. 2, otherwise as last. 

R : Similar to last, excepting date, 1783, and initials, 
C . P . s. 

65. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1789. 
m. : As last. 

R: Running horse, fx . auro . herc . | 1791, in 
two lines under, no legend. 



GEORQE III. 



33 



G7. 

68. 
G9. 

R 

70. 
71. 

72. 



R 



Similar to No. 65, excepting datCj which is 1795 

and initials p . l . M. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1797. 
Busttoright. GEORGIUS III . D . G . M . B . F . 

ET . H . EBX . F . D. 
Shield No. 10. BRUNS . ET . LUN . DUX . 

S . R . I . A . T . ET . EL. 1798. 
Similar to No. 66, excepting date, which is 1799. 
Similar to No. QQ, excepting date, which is 1802, 

and initials g . p . m. 
Running horse, c. under. GEORG . Ill . D . 

G . M . BRIT . REX . F . D . B . & L . DUX . 

S .R. I. A.TH .&EL.^ 
^1^1 PISTOLE 1 1803. In three lines. 




73. Similar to No. 6Q, excepting date, which is 1804. 

71. : Running horse. GEORG . Ill . D . G . BRIT . 

& HANNOV . REX . BR . & L . DUX. 
R: II DUCAT I 1805 1 c. in four lines. EX AURO 

HERCINIAE 
75. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1815. 




76. 



Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1818. 

3 



34 ANGLO-HANOVEEIAN. 

George IV. 1820—30. 

Ten Thalers. 

77. : Bust to left. GEORGIUS IV . D . G . BRIT . 

& HANOV . HEX . F . D. 
H: X| THALER | 1821 | b. in four lines. 
BRUNSVICENSIS & LUNEBURGENSIS 
DUX 

78. Similar to last, excepting date^ wbicli is 1822. 

79. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823. 

80. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1824. 

81. Similar to last, excepting date^ which is 1825. 

82. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1827. 

83. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1828. 

84. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1820. 

85. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1830. 

Five Thalers. 

86. : As last. 

R: V I THALER | 1821 | b. in four lines. Legend 
as before. 

87. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1822. 

88. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823. 

89. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1824. 

90. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1825. 

91. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1827. 

92. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1828. 

93. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1829. 

94. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1830. 

Two-and-aSalf Thalers. 

95. : As before. 

R: 2\\ THALER [ 1821 | b. in four lines, legend 
as before. 

96. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1827. 

97. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1830. 



WILLIAM IV. 35 

Ducat. 

98. : Running horse, GEORG .TSf .T) .G . BRIT . 
^ HANOV . REX . BR . & L . DUX^ 
R: II DUCAT I 1821 | c in four lines, EX AURO 
HERCINI^. 
90. Similar to last, exceptint^ date, which is 1824. 

100. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1827. 

All these occur as proofs. 

William IV. 1830-37. 

Ten Thalers. 

101 . 0: Bust to right. GULIBLMUS IV D . G . BRIT . 

ET HANOV . REX F . D . &c. 
R : Shield of arms in a garter, inscribed NEC 
ASPERA TERRENT. The date over, 1832, 
ZBHN THALER under. 

102. 0: Bust to right; b. under. WILHELM IV 

KOENIG V . GR . BRIT . U . HANNOVER. 
n : Shield No. 12, ZEHN THALER under, date 
over 1833. 

103. : Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 
10-1. Similar to last, but the date 1836 under the 

shield, and ZEHN THALER over. 

105. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1837. 
Five Thalers. 

106. : As No. 102. 

R: Shield No. 12. FUNF THALER over, date 
under, 1835. 
Two-and-a-Half Thalers. 

107. 0: Bust to right. GULIELM . IV . D . G . BRIT . 

& HANNOV . REX . F . D. 
R: 2-1 I THALER | 1832 | b. in four lines. 
BRVNSVICENSIS & LUNEBURGENSIS 
DUX.^ 

108. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1833. 

109. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 

110. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1836. 

3 * 



36 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

Ducat. 

111. 0: Euuning horse, WILHELM IV V.G.G. 

KONIG D . V . E . GROSSB . U . IRL^ 
R: As No. 98. 1 I DUCAT | 1831 | c in four lines, 
EX AURO HERCINI^. 

Silver Coins. 
George I. 1714—27. 

Thalers. 

112. 0: Bust to right. GEORGIVS . D . G . M . BRIT . 

FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
Arms No. 2, supporters, &c. h . c . e . under. 
BRVNS . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . 
THES . ET . EL . 1716. 

113. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1717, and 

initials are under bust on : 

114. : Bust as before, h . c . b . under it. GEORGIVS . 

D . G . MAG. BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 
F .D. 
R : Four shields crosswise, a star in the centre. 
BR . ET . LVN . D . S . R . I . A . TH. ET . 
EL. 1717. 

115. : Four shields crosswise, a star in the centre. 

GEORGIVS . D . G . MAG . BR . FR . ET . 
HIB . REX . FID . D. 
R : Wild man and tree, h. ^ h. under. BRVN . 
& LVN . DVX . S . R . I . AR . THES . & 
EL. 1717. 

116. 0: Arms No. 2, supporters, &c. GEORGIUS . 

D . G . MAG . BRIT . FRANC . ET . HIB . 
REX . FID . D . 
R : As last. 

117. : Four shields crosswise, a star in centre, 

GEORGIUS . D . G . MAG . BRIT . FR . 
ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 1717. 
R : Running horse, h . c . b . under, BRUN . ET . 
LUN.DUX.S.R.I.ARCHITHES.ET.EL. 



118. 


0: 




R: 


110. 


0: 




B: 



GEOHGE I. . 37 

Bust as No. 114. 

Anns No. 2, supporters, &c. BRUN . ET . 

LUN . DUX .S.R.I. ARCIIITH . ET . EL . 

1718. 
Bust as No. 114. 
Arms No. 3, supporters, &c. BRUNS . ET . 

LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . THES . ET . EL . 

1718. 
120. 0: Arms No. 3, supporters, &c. GEORGIUS . D . 

G . MAG . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 

F . D. 1718. 
B : St. Andrew and his cross, h . c . b . under. 

BRUNS . ET . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . 

THES . ET . EL. 
Arms No. 2, supporters, &c. Legend and dato 

as last. 
Running' horse, H . C . B . under it. BRUNS . 

ET . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . THES . ET . 

ELECT . * 
Similar to No. 115, excepting date, which is 1 718. 
Bust as No. 114. 
Arms No. 2, supporters, &c. BRVNS . ET . 

LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . THES . ET . 

EL. 1719. 
Similar to No. 120, excepting date, which is 

1719. 
Arms No. 2, supporters, &c. GEORGIUS . 

D . G . MAG . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 

F . D. 1719. 
B : Running horse, h . c . b . under, BRVNS . ET . 

LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . THES . ET . 

ELECT . ^ 

126. Similar to No. 119, excepting date, which is 

1720. 

127. : Four shields as No. 115. 

B : Wild man and tree, c . under. Legend as No. 115, 
date 1720. 



121. 


0: 




B: 


122. 




123. 


0: 




B: 


124. 




125. 


0: 



88 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

128. : Arms No. 2, supporters, &c. GEOEGIUS . D . 

G . MAG . BRIT . FRANC . ET . HIB . REX . 
FID . D . 
It : Same as last. 

129. Similar to No. 121, excepting date, which is 1720. 

130. Similar to No. 121, excepting date, which is 1721. 

131. Similar to No. 120, excepting date, which is 1721. 

132. Similar to No. 127, excepting date, which is 1721. 

133. : Bust as No. 114. 

B : Arms No. 1, supporters, &c. BRVNS . ET . LVN . 
DVX . S . R . I . A . TEES . ET . EL . 1722. 

134. 0: Arms No. 1, supporters, &c. GEORGIUS . D . G . 

M. BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 1722. 
B : St. Andrew, as No. 120. 




135. 

136. 
B 

137. 
B 

138. 

139. 



140. 
141. 



B 



Similar to No. 128, excepting date, which is 1722. 

Four shields as No. 117. 

As No. 127, date 1722. 

As last. 

As No. 125, date 1722. 

Similar to No. 128, excepting date, which is 1723, 

and E . P . H . under Wild man. 

Similar to No. 125, but legend is GEORGIVS . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 

F . D. 1723. 

Similar to No. 133, excepting date, which is 1724. 

Arms, &c., similar to No. 134, excepting date, 

which is 1724. 
Running horse, as No. 121. 



GEoi;iiK I. 39 

142. Similar to No. 115, but e . i' . ii . uudcr Wild man, 

and date, 1724. 

143. Similar to No. 128, but e . p . n . under Wild man, 

and date 1724. 

144. Similar to No. 115, but e . p . n . under Wild man, 

and date 1725. 

145. Similar to No. 128, but e . p . h . under Wild man, 

and date 1725. 

146. : Bust as before, c . p . s . under, legend as 

No. 139. The date is on B : 
R : Arms No. 1, supporters, &c. BRVNS . ET . 
LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . THES . ET . 
EL. 1726. 

147. : Arms No. 2, supporters, &c. GEORGIYS . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 
F . D. 1726. 
B : St. Andrew with his cross, c . p . s . under, 
legend as last. 

148. : As last. 

B : Running horse, c . p . s . under, legend as before, 
date 1726. 

149. Similar to No. 115, excepting date, which is 1726, 

and E . p . H . under Wild man. 

150. Similar to No. 128, but e . p . h . under Wild man, 

and date 1726. 

151. Similar to No. 133, but c . p . s . under bust, and 

date 1727. 

152. Similar to No. 148, excepting date, which is 1727. 

153. Similar to No. 149, excepting date, which is 1 72 7. 

154. Similar to No. 150, excepting date, which is 1727. 

Two-third Thalers. 

155. : Bust to right, h . c . b . under. GEORGIUS . 

D . G . MAG . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 
F.D. 
B : Four shields crosswise, (§) fe-in-si-lb in centre. 
BR . «& LUN . D. S . R . I . A . Til . & EL. 1715. 



40 



ANGLO-HANOVEEUN. 



156. 
157. 
158. 0: 

B 



159. 



B 



Similar to last, excepting date, Avliicli is 1716. 
Similar to last, but V^ in legend instead of U'^- 
Bust as before, h . c . b . under. GEOE.GIUS . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
Four shields crosswise, (|) fe-in-si-lb in the 

centre. BR . BT . LUN . D . S . R . I . A . 

TH.ET.EL. 1717. 
Four shields crosswise, (f ) fe-in-si-lb in centre. 

GEORGIUS . D . G . MAG . BR . FRA . & . 

HIB . REX . FID . D. 
Wild man and tree, . h ^ h . under. BRUN. 

& LUN . D . S . R. I . A . THES . & . 

EL. 1717. 




160. 
161. 
162. 

163. 
164. 
165. 
166. 
167. 
168. 



B 



Similar to No. 158, excepting date, which is 1718. 
Similar to No. 159, excepting date, which is 1718. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1719, 

and C . under Wild man. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1720. 
Similar to No. 158, excepting date, which is 1720. 
Similar to No. 158, excepting date, which is 1721. 
Similar to No. 162, excepting date, which is 1721. 
Similar to No. 158, excepting date, which is 1722. 
Four shields crosswise, (§) fe-in-si-lb in centre. 

GEORG . D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . 

REX.F.D 
Running horse, h . c . b . under. BRUNS . ET . 

LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . THES . ET . 

EL. 1722. 



GEORGE I. 



41 



1C9. Similar to No. 102, excepting date, whicli is 

1722. 

170. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1723, 

and E . p . H . under Wild man. 

171. Similar to No. 158, excepting date, which is 1723. 

1 72. Similar to No. 1 08, excepting date, which is 1 723. 

173. Similar to No. 158, excepting date, which is 1724. 

174. Similar to No. 170, excepting date, which is 1 724, 

and 24 at the side of Wild man. 

175. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1725. 

176. Similar to No. 168, excepting date, which is 1725. 

177. Similar to No. 174, excepting date, which is 1726. 

178. Similar to No. 168, excepting date, which is 1726, 

and c . P . s . under horse. 

179. Similar to No. 158, excepting date, which is 1727. 

180. Similar to No. 174, excepting date, which is 1 727. 

181. Similar to No. 178, but c . p . s . under horse, 

and date 1727. 

One-third Thalers. 

182. : Bust to right, h . c . b . under. GEORGIUS . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 
F .D. 
B: Four shields crosswise (^) fe-in-si-lb in the 
centre. BR . ET . LUN . D . S . R . I . 
A.TH.ETEL. 1710. 

183. Similar to last, but date 1717 and LVN on 

reverse. 

184. : Bust to right, h . c . b . under. GEORG . D . 

G . M . BR . FR . ET . H . REX . F . D. 
R : Four shields crosswise, (^) fe-in-si-lb in centre. 
BR. ET . L . DUX .S.R.I.A.T.ET. 
E . 1718. 

185. : As reverse of last, GEORGIUS . D . G . MAG . 

BR . FRA . & HIB . REX . F . D . 
R : Wild man and tree, h ^ u under. BRUN . «& 
LUN . D . S . R . I . A . TH . & . EL. 1 718. 



42 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

186. 0: As reverse of No. 184. GEORG . D . G .M . B 
FR . ET . H . REX . F . D. 
li : St. Andrew and cross, ii . c . b . under. BR 
ET . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET 
EL. 1719. 



190. 



191. 



192. 



193. 

lOi. 




187. 
E 



188. 



189 



Ii 







B 



Same as last. 

Running liorse, h . c . b . under it. BRUNS . 

ET . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . 

EL. 1720. 
Similar to No. 185, but c . under wild man, and 

THES . & EL . 1720 . on reverse. 
Bust to right, h . c . b. under. GEORG . D . G . 

M . BRIT . F . ET . H . REX . F . D. 
Four shields as before. BR . ET . L . DUX . 

S . R. I . A . TH . ET . EL. 1721. 
Similar to No. 186, excepting date, which is 

1721. 
Similar to No. 186, excepting date, which is 

1722. 
Similar to No. 189, but reverse legend is BR . 

ET . LUN . D . S . R . I . A . T . ET . E. 

1722. 
Similar to No. 188, excepting date, which is 1722. 
Four shields as before, GEORGIUS . D . G . 

MAG . BR . FR . & . HIB . REX . FID . D. 
Wild man holding tree, e . p . h . under, 12 in 

the field. BRUN . & LUN . D . S . R . I . 

AR.TH.&EL. 1723. 



GEORGE 1. 



43 



195. 
196. 
197. 
198. 
199. 
200. 
201. 

202. 
203. 



0: 
B 



Similar to No. 185, excepting date, which is 

1723, and e . p . h . under wild man. 
Similar to No. 187, excepting date, which is 

1723. 
Similar to No. 189, excepting date, which is 

1724. 
Similar to No. 186, excepting date, which is 

1724. 
Similar to No. 180, excepting date, which is 

1725. 
Similar to No. 194, excepting date, which is 

1725. 
Bust to right, c . p . s . under. GEORG . D . 

G . M . BRIT . F . ET . H . REX . F . U. 
Similar to No. 184. BR . ET . L . DUX . S . 

R . I . A . T . ET . E. 172G. 
Similar to No. 194, excepting date, which is 

1726. 
Similar to No. 194, excepting date, which is 

1727. 



Quarter Thaler. 

204. : Four shields crosswise, a star in centre. 
GEORG . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . 
REX . F . D. 

R : Running horse, ^ ^^^ '^ under. BRUN . ET . 

LUN.DUX.S.R.I.A.TH.ET.EL. 1718. 




44 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

205. : Bust to riffht, ^ ^^^ '^ under. GEORG . D . G . 

° 'H . C . B . 

M . BR . F . ET . H . REX . F . D. 

R : Four shields crosswise^ a star in centre. B . 
ET . L . DVX . S . R . I . A . T . ET . E. 
1726. 

One-sixth Thalers. 

206. : Bust to right, j-ein ^ silb . under. GEORG . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 
F ,D. 

R : Four shields crosswise, (^) in centre. BR . ET . 
L . DUX . S . R . I . A . T . & EL. 1716. 

207. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1717. 

208. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1718. 

209. : Four shields crosswise, (^) pe-in-si-lb in centre. 

Legend as before. 
R : St. Andrew and cross, h . c . b . under. BR . 

ET . LVN .D.S.R.I.A.T.&.E. 1719. 
As last. 
Running horse, h . c . b . under. BRUNS . 

ET . LYN . DVX . S . R . I . A. TH . ET . 

ELECT. 1719 ^ 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 720. 
Four shields as before, GEORGIUS . D . 

G . MAG . BR . FRA . & HIB . REX . 

FID . D. 
R : Wild man and tree, pein silb u^jer. BRUN . 

& . LUN . D . S . R . I . A . TH . & EL. 
1720. 

213. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1721. 

214. Similar to No. 206, excepting date, which is 

1722. 
215 Similar to No. 210, excepting date, which is 

1722. 



210. 







R 


211. 




212. 






GEORGE I. 45 

21G. 0: As No. 209. 

R : Wild man and tree, ' c • under. BR . 
ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . 
EL. 1722. 

217. Bust similar to No. 206, excepting date, which is 

1723. 

218. Similar to last, but legend on reverse is BR . 

& . L . DUX . S . R . I . A . T. ET . EL . 
1723. 

219. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1724. 

220. Similar to No. 210, but legend on reverse ends 

TH.ET.EL. 1724^ 

221. Similar to No. 209, excepting date, which is 

1724. 

222. Similar to No. 212, but ^ • p • s . ^^^^^ ^^.^^ 

■' FEIN SILB : 

man, and dated 1725. 

223. Similar to No. 206, but ^ -^ '^ • under bust, 

' FEIN SILB : ' 

and dated 1726. 

224. Similar to No. 210, but c . ? . s . under horse, 

and V? instead of U? , dated 1727. ^ 
One-eighth Thahrs. 

225. : Four shields crosswise, a star in centre, 

GEORG . D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . H . 
REX . F . D. 
7? : Running horse, ^ ^^^ '^ under, BR . ET . L . 

== ^ H . C . B . ' 

DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 1718. 

226. : Bust to right, h . c. b . under. GEORGIUS 

D . G . M . BRIT . F . ET . H . REX . F . D. 
i? : Four shields crosswise, a star in centre. BR . 
ET . L . DVX . S . R . I . A . T . ET . EL. 
1720. 

227. : Bust to right, ^ ' ^V ^ ' binder GEORG . D . 

G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : As last, but LVN and date 1726. 



46 



ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 



229 

230 



R 




B 



Four Groschen. 

228. : Four shields CTOSswise, ^ in tlie centre. K . 

GR . BRIT . UND C . r . LAND . M. 
* nil * I MARIEN I GROS : | 1717 [ h . 

c . B. In five lines. 
Similar to last^ excepting date, whicli is 1726. 
"^ . ^ . ill monogram, crowned. 
^ nil ^ I MARIEN I GROSCH. | 1717 | 

H ^ H in five lines. VON FEINEM 

SILBER. 
Shield as centre of arms No. 3, crowned. 

GEORG . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . HIB . 

REX . F . D. 
nil 1 MARIEN I GROS : | 1718 | h . c . b . 

in five lines. BR . ET . LVN . DVX . 

S . R . I. A . TH . ET . EL. 
Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1 720, 

and BR . ET LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A. 

THBS . ET . EL ^. 



231. 



It 



232. 




233. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1721. 

Legend on reverse as 228. 

234. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1722. 

BR . ET . LUNEB . DUX . S . R . I . A . 
THES . ET . EL . *. 

235. : "^ . ^ . in monogram crowned. 

R- " nil " I MARIEN I GROSCH : | 1723 . in 
four lines within a beaded circle. VON 
FEINEM SILBER -^ -I- ♦^ . 



GEORGE I. 



47 



236. 0: Shield as centre of arms No. 1 . Legend as 

No. 231. 
R : Similar to No. 231, excepting date, which is 1724. 

237. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1727, 

and initials c . p . s . 
Three Groschen. 

238. : 12 I EINEN | THALER | 171G, in four hnes. 

K . GR . BRIT . UND C . F . BR . LVN . 
LAND MVNTZ . 
R : Running horse, h . c . b . under. 

239. Similar to last, exceptino- date, whicli is 1717. 




210. : "^ . ^ . in monogram crowned, h . C . b . under. 
R: -Mil -^ I MARIEN | GROS : ] 1717 | in four 
hnes. K . GR . BRIT . und C . F . BR . 
LUN . LAND . MUNTZ *,. 

Two Groschen. 

241. : -^ . ^ . in monogram crowned. 

* II ^ I MARIEN I GROSCH: 1 1717 | h<>0 

n in five lines, VON FEINEM SILBER. 
Similar to last, but GROS : ] 1718 | h . c . b . 

on reverse. 
As last, excepting with h . c . b . under mono- 
o-ram . 



R 



242. 



243. 




R: II I MARIEN | GROS: | 1718 in four lines. 
K . GR . BRIT . UND C . F . BR . LVN . 
LAND MVNTZ.* 



48 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

244. Similar to No. 242, but GROSCH : I 1719 1 c . 

on reverse. 

245. Similar to No. 243, excepting date, wliicli is 

1719, and initials under monogram, h . c . b. 

246. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1720. 

247. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1727, 

and initials under monogram c . p . s. 

One Tiventy-foiirth Thaler. 

248. : "^ . ^ . in monogram crowned, h . c . b . under. 

H: 24 I EINEN | THAL : ] 1718, in four lines. 

249. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1724. 
One Giite Grosclien. 

250 : As last. 

R: I I GUTER 1 GROS | 1717, in four lines. 

One Marien Chroschen. 

251 : As last. 

R: ^I^ \ MARIEN | GROS : | 1717, in four lines, 
K . GR . BRIT . UND C . F . BR . L . 
LAND . M . 4f . 

252. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1718. 

253. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1719. 

254. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1727, 

c . P . s . under monogram. 
Six Pfennige. 

255. : "^ • ^ • in monogram crowned, h.c.b. under. 
R: ° VI " 1 PFENN : [ 1717 | ^ in four lines. 

256. : -^ . ^ . in monogram crowned. 

R : ■ Orb and cross, inscribed VI. dividing date 1 7-1 8. 

257. Similar to last, but date 17-21. 

Four Pfennige. 

258. : "^ . ^ . in monogram crowned, h ^ h under. 

R : ° nil " I PFEN . I 1 717 in three lines, K . GR . 
BR . DND C . F . BR . LUN . LANE . M .i^ 

259. : As last, h.c.b. under. 

R'. nil 1 PFENN: 1 1718, in three lines. Legend 
as last. 



GliORGE I. 



49 



260. Similar to last, excepting date, wliicli is 1719. 

261. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1720. 

Three Pfennige. 

262. : -^ , if^ . m monogram crowned. H ^ ir under. 
11 : Orb and cross, inscribed _-, dividing date 

17-17. 

263. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1718, 

H . c . B . under monogram. 

264. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1719. 

265. Siuiihir to last, excepting date, which is 1720. 

266. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1723. 

The following synopsis of the principal silver coins of 
George I. will be found useful by the collector. 



Wrru King's Bust. 


With the Wild Man. 


Thaler. 


2 
3 


1 

3 


1 
6 


Thaler 


2 
3 


1 
3 


1 
6 


1716. 


1715. 


1716. 


1716. 


1717. 


1717. 


1718. 


1720. 


1717. 


1710. 


1717. 


1717. 


1718. 


1718. 


1720. 


1721. 


1718. 


1717. 


1718. 


1718. 


1720. 


1719. 


1722. 


1722. 


1719. 


1718. 


1721. 


1722. 


1721. 


1720. 


1723. 


1725. 


1720. 


1720. 


1722. 


1723. 


1722. 


1721. 


1725. 




1722. 


1721. 


1724. 


1724. 


1723. 


1722. 


1720. 




1724. 


1722. 


1725. 


1726. 


1724. 


1723. 


1727. 




1726. 


1723. 


1720. 




1725. 


1724. 






1727. 


1724. 
1727. 






1720. 
1727. 


1725. 
1726. 
1727. 






With Si 


. Andrew. 


With 


THE KUNNING HoRSE. 


Tn.VLEK 


1 
3 




1 
6 


Thalee 


2 
3 


1 
3 


1 
6 


1718. 


17 


19. 


1719. 


1717. 


1722. 


1720. 


1719. 


1719. 


17: 


>1. 


1721. 


1718. 


1723. 


1723. 


1720. 


1721. 


17: 


12. 


1724. 


1719. 


1725. 




1722. 


1722. 


1724. 




1720. 


1726. 




1724. 


1726. 








1721. 
1722. 
1723. 
1724. 
1720. 
1727. 


1727. 




1727. 



50 angl0-han(1verian. 

George II. 1727-60. 

Thalers. 

267. : Four shields crosswise, a star in centre. 

GEORG . II . D . G . MAG . BR . FR . 
ET . HIB . REX . FID . D. 
B : Wild man and tree, e . p . h . under. BRTJN . 
& LUN . DUX . S . R . I . AR . THES . & 
EL. 1727. 

268. : Arms No. I, supporters, &c. GEORGIVS . 

II . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . 
REX . F . D. 1727. 
R: St. Andrew aud cross, c . p . s . under. 
BRVNS . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . 
THES . ET . EL. 

269. : Arms No. 2, supporters, &c. GEORG . II . 

D . G . MAG . BRIT . FRANC . ET . HIB. 
REX . FID . D. 
B. : Wild man and tree, e . p . H . under. BRUN . 
& . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . AR . THES . & 
EL. 1728. 

270. : Bust to left, c . p . s . under. GEORGIUS . II . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 

F . D. 

R : Arms No. 1, supporters, &c. BRUN . ET . 
LUN . DUX . S.R.LA.THES . ET . EL. 
1729. 

271. : Bust to left, c . only, under bust. Legend as 

last. 
R : Four shields crosswise, a star in centre. BRUN . 
ET . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . THES . ET . 
ELECT. 1729. 

272. : Four shields crosswise, a star in centre. 

GEORG . II . D . G . MAG . BR . FR . ET . 
HIB . REX . FID . D. 
R : Similar to 269, excepting date, which is 1729. 



LI 1 T, 

275. 







R: 


27G. 







R 


277. 






GEORGE II. 51 

273. 0: Arms No. 2, supporters, &c. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . BRIT . F . & H . REX . F . 

D . B . (^ L . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . & 

EL. 
R: Running horse, 1729 and c . P . s . under. 

NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 
Similar to No. 270, excepting date, which is 

1730. 
Shield No. 3, crown divides date 17 — 30. 

GEORG . II . D . G . MAG . BR . FR . BT . 

HIB . REX . F . D. 
Wild man, as No. 267. 
Shield No. 2, crown divides date, 17 — 30. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . 

HIB . REX . F . D. 
St. Andrew, as No. 268. 
Shield No. 3, crowned. GEORG . II . D . G . 

M . BRIT . F . & H . REX . F . D . BR . & 

L . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . & E. 
R : Horse as No. 273, date 1730. 

278. Similar to last, but legend on obverse reads, 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . F . & . H . 
and S . R . I . A . T . & E. 

279. : Shield No. 3, crowned. GEORG . II . D . G . 

M . BRIT . FR . & H . REX . F . D . BR . 
& L . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . & EL ♦^ . 
R : Running horse, with MDCCXXX and e . r . ii . 
under. NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 

280. Running horse as before, with MDCCXXXI 

and initial c . under. 

281. Similar to No. 273, excepting date, which is 

1731. 

282. Similar to No. 273, excepting date, which is 

^ 1732 *. 

283. Similar to No. 275, excepting date, which is 

1 732, and initials i . a . b . under wild man. 

4 * 



52 

284. : 

Z?: 



ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

Shield No. 3, crowned. GEORG . II . D . G 
M . BRIT . FR . & H . REX . F . D . BR 
& L . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . & EL. cg^ 

Runuino- horse, MDCCXXXII and i . A. b 
under. NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 




285. 




28(3. 




287. 




288. 




289. 




200. 




291. 







Ti 


292. 




293. 






R 



29k 
295. 



Wild man as No. 283, but dated 1733. 
Running horse as No. 284, but dated 

MDCCXXXIV. 
St. Andrew as No. 27G, but dated 1735. 
Wild man as No. 283, but dated 1736. 
Running horse as No. 284, but dated 

MDCCXXXVI. 
Wild man as No. 283, but dated 1738. 
Shield No. 3, crowned, date over, 1738. 

GEORG . II . D . G. M . BRIT . FR . ET . 

HIB . REX . F . D. 
St. Andrew and cross, c . p . s . under. BRVNS . 

ET. LVN . DVX. S.R.I. A. TH. ETEL. 
Similar to last, but reverse legend is, BR . ET . 

LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 
Shield No. 3, crowned. GEORG . II . D . G . 

BRIT . FR . & H . REX . F . D . B . & L . 

D . S . R . I . A . TH . & EL. 
Running horse as No. 273, date under, 1739. 
As last, but legend ends, S . R . I . A . T. & E. 
As last, but date 1 740. 



date ■ 


17- 


-44. 


BRIT 


.F 


.&. 


. under 




BR. 


A.TH. 


ET . 


} .11. 


D 


. G. 


D.B , 


.& 


.L. 



GEORGE ir. 53 

296. As No. 20o, but date 1741. 

297. As No. 293, but date 1743. 

298. As No. 293, but date 1744, and leg-end on 

obverse ends S . R . I . A . T . & E. 

299. : Shield No. 3, crown divides 

GEORGIUS II . D . G . M . 
H . REX . F . D. 
R : St. Andrew and cross, c . p . s 
ET . LUN . DUX .S.R.I, 
EL. 

300. : Shield No. 6 crowned. GEORl 

M . B . F . & . H . REX . F 
DUX . S . R . I . A . T . & EL. 
R : Running horse, 1745, and c . f . s . under. 
NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 

301. Similar to No. 299, excepting date, which is 

17—45. 

302. Similar to No. 299, excepting date, which is 

17—46. 

303. Similar to No. 300, excepting date, which is 

1746, and legend on obverse ends T . & EL. 

304. Similar to No. 300, excepting date, which is 

1747, and legend on obverse BR . & L . 
DVX. 

305. Similar to No. 299, excepting date, which is 

17—47. 

306. Similar to No. 299, excepting date, which is 

17—49. 

307. Running horse as No. 300, but dated ^1749. ^ 

308. AVild man as No. 275; but dated 1750, and 

initials i . b . h . 

309. : Bust to left, a . under. GEORGIVS II . D . G . 

M . BRIT . F . & H . REX . F . D. 
R : Shield No. 3, crown divides date, 17 — 51. 
BRVNS . ET . LVN . DVX . S . IJ . I . A . 
TH . ET . EL. 



54 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

310. : Shield No. 3, crowned, date over, 1751. 

GEOEG . II . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . 
HIB . REX . F . D. 

R : St. Andrew and cross, c . under. BRVNS . ET . 
LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 

311. Similar to last, but crown divides date, which 

is 17—52. 

312. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1753, 

and initials i . W . s. 

313. : Shield No. 9, crowned. Legend as No. 285. 
11 : Running horse, MDCCLIII and i . b . h . 

under. NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 

314. * Similar to No. 310, excepting date, which is 

1754, and initials i . w . s. 

315. Similar to No. 310, excepting date, which is 

1756, and initials i . w . s . under St. Andrew. 

316. Similar to No. 300, excepting date, which is 

1756, and initials i . w . s. under the horse. 

317. Similar to No. 300, excepting date, which is 

1757, and initials i . w . s. 

318. Similar to No. 300, excepting date, which is 

1758, and initials i . w . s. 

319. Similar to No. 310, excepting date, which is 

1758, and initials i . w . s. 

320. Similar to No. 300, excepting date, which is 

1759, and initials i. w . s. 

321. Similar to No. 300, excepting date, which is 

1760, and initials i . w . s. 

322. Similar to No. 310, excepting date, which is 

1760, and initials i . w . s. 

Tico-third Thalevs. 

323. : Bust to left, c . p . s . under. GEORG . II . D . 

G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
B : Shield No. 3, crown divides date 17-27. fein 
(I) SJLB. under shield in a curve. BR . ET. 
LVN DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 



GEORGE n. OO 

324. : Sliield No. 3, crowned. GEORG . II . D . G . 

M . B . F . & . H . REX . F . D . B . & . L . 
DUX . S . R . I . A . T . & . EL. 

7. T? • 1 FEIN (I) SILB 

R : Runmng horse, -j^y ^-^ 27 — -^ . r . h . 

under. NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 

325. : Four shields crosswise, (§) fe-in-si-lb in centre. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . 
HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : AVild man and tree, e . r. ii . under. 24 in the 
field. BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . 
TH . ET . EL. 1727. 

326. : As No. 323. 

R : Four shields crosswise, (§) fe-in-si-lb in centre. 
BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
ET . EL. 1728. 

327. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1729. 

328. 0: Shield No. 4, crowned. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . BR . F. & . H . REX . F . D . B . 
& L . DVX .S.R.I.A.TH.& EL^ 
R: Running horse, FEIN (|) SILB | 1730 | 
E . p . H . in three lines under, NEC ASPERA 
TERRENT. 

329. : Shield No. 3, crowned, fein (|) silb. under. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . F . & H . 
REX . F . D . B . & L . DVX . S . R . I . A . T . 
&EL. 
R : Running horse, c . P . s . under. NEC ASPERA 
TEKRENT. 1730. 

330. Similar to No. 325, excepting date, which is 

1731. 

331. Similar to No. 329, excepting date, which is 

1731. 

332. As last, but dated 1732, aud legend reads F . & . 

H . REX . F . D . BR . & L . DVX . 
S . R . I . A . T . & E. 



56 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

333. 0: Shield No. 3, crown divides date 17—32. pein 

(I) siLB under GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . 
FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : Wild man and tree, i . A . b . under, 24 in the 
field. BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . 
TH . ET . EL. 

334. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 33. 

335. Similar to No. 328, excepting date, which is 

17 — 33, and i . a . b . under horse. 

336. Similar to No. 329, excepting date, which is 

1733. 

337. Similar to No. 320, excepting date, which is 

1734. 

338. Similar to No. 333, excepting date, which is 

17—34. 

339. Similar to No. 333, excepting date, which is 

17—35. 

340. Similar to No. 333, excepting date, which is 

17—36. 

341. Similar to No. 333, excepting date, which is 

17—37. 

342. Similar to No. 328, excepting date, which is 

1737. 

343. As last, but with n . d . leipz . r . (5) pein silb 

in a curve under shield, dated 1738. 

344. Similar to No. 333, excepting date, which is 1 738. 

345. : As No. 323. 

R : Shield No. 2, crown divides date, 17-39. n . d . 
LEIPZ . P. (I) PEIN . SILB . under in a curve. 
BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
ET . EL. 

346. Similar to No. 333, excepting date, which is 

17 — 39, and c . under wild man. 

347. Similar to No. 329, excepting date, which is 

1739, and legend B.&.L.D.S.R.I.A. 
T . & EL. 



GEORGE II. 57 

Sis. : Shield No. 3, crown divides date, 17—40. 

FEIN (§) siLB. in a curve under. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . U. 

R : Wild man and tree, i . u . h . under. 24 in the 

field. BR . ET. LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . 

TH . ET . EL. 

349. Similar to No. 328, excepting date, which is 

1740, and i . b . h. under horse. 

350. Running horse as 329, but n . d . eeichs f . {T) 

FEIN SILB under shield, and date 1740. 

351. Similar to No. 348, excepting date, which is 

17—42. 

352. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 43. 

353. : Shield No. 3, crowned GEORG . II . D . G . 

M . BR . F . & H . REX . F . D . B . & L . 
DVX . S . R . I . A . T . & EL. Under the 
shield in a curve is n . d . reichs f . (|) pein silb. 
R : Running horse, c . p . s . under. NEC 
ASPERA TERRENT. 1743. 

354. : Bust to left, c . p . s . under. GEORGIVS II . 

D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : Shield No. 4, crowned, n . d . reiches . p . (|) 
FEIN . SILB . in a curve under. BR . ET . LVN . 
DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL . 1744. 

355. Similar to No. 348, excepting date, which is 

17—44. 

356. : Shield No. 9, crown divides date, 1745. fein . 

(I) SILB . under. GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . 
FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : As No. 348. 

357. : Shield No. 9, crowned. GEORG . II . D . G . M . 

BR . F . & . H . REX . F . D . B . & L . 
DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . & . EL. 

n TJ • 1 FEIN (3) SILB 

R : Runnniff horse. -,-, ^"^^ ,- : i . i'. . ir . 
° 17 4.J 

arranged under. NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 



58 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

o58. Similar to No. 35i, excepting date, which is 

1746. 

359. Similar to No. 348, excepting date, which is 

17—46. 

360. Similar to No. 353, excepting date, which is 

1746. 

361. Similar to No. 348, excepting date, which is 

17—47. 

362. : Shield No. 4, crowned, n . d . eeiches . p . 

(I) I'EiN . SiLB . in a curve under. GBORG . 
II . D . G . M . B . F . & H . REX . F . 
D . B . & L . DYX .S.R.I.A.T.& 
EL. 
it : Running horse, 1747. c . p . s . in two lines 
under. NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 

363. Similar to No. 328, excepting date, which is 

1748, and i . b . h . under horse. 

364. Similar to No. 356, excepting date, which is 

17—49. 

365. Similar to No. 362, excepting date, which is 

* 1750 * 

366. : XXIV I GUTB GROSCH : | n. d . eeiches . 

rus . I I . w . s . in four lines in centre. 
GEORG . II . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . 
HIB.REX.F.D. 1750. 
11: Running horse, R . (§) T . under. NEC 
ASPERA TERRENT. 

367. Similar to No. 362, excepting date, which is 

^ 1751 ^ and initial . c. 

368. Similar to No. 348, excepting date, which is 

1752. 

369. : Bust to left, i . w . s . under. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . B . F . ET . H . REX . F . D. 
li : Shield No. 8, crowned, n . d . ketches . f . (§) 
FEIN . siLBER : in a cui-ve under. BRYNS . ET . 
LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . T . ET . EL. 1754. 



GEORQK II. 59 

370. Similar to No. 3G2, excepting date, which ia 

1754^ and initials i . w . s. 

371. Similar to No. 318, excepting date, which is 

17—54. 

372. Similar to No. 328, excepting date, which is 

1755, and i . b . ii . under horse. 

373. Similar to No. 362, excepting date, which is 

* 1755 * , and i . w . s . under horse. 

374. 0: Shield No. 9, crown divides date, 17—57. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET. 
HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : Wild man and tree, i . b . h . under. BR . ET . 
LVN . DYX . S . R . I . A . Til . ET . 
EL. 

375. : Shield No. 9, crowned. GEORG . II . D . G . 

M . B . F . & H . REX . F . D . B . & . L . 
DVX. S . R . I . A . T . & . E. 

7. n • 1 FEIN (%) SILB ^ „ ,, 

Ii : Running horse, -.^ ^'^' .« and i . B . ii . 

under. NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 

376. Similar to No. 362, excepting date, which is 

1757, and initials i . w . s. 

377. Similar to No. 374, excepting date, which is 

1758. 

378. Similar to No. 374, excepting date, which is 

1759. 

379. : Shield No. 3, crowned, legend as No. 375. 

U: Running horse, 1759 under. NEC ASPERA 
TERRENT. 

380. Similar to No. 362, excepting date, which is 

1760, and initials i. w. s. 

381. Similar to No. 374, excepting date, which is 

1760. 

382. Similar to No. 375, excepting date, which is 

1760. 



60 



ANGLO- HANO VE RI AN . 



Half ThaJcrs. 

383. 



Bust to left, ^ ^^ "^ under. GEORG . II . 

P P s 

D . G . M . Br'. F . ET . H . REX . F . D. 
B : Shield No. 3, crown divides date . 1732 . BR . 
ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . T . ET . 
EL. 




384. : XVI I GVTE | GROSCH : | n . d . eeiches . | 

FYS . I c . P . s . in six lines within an inner 
circle. GEORG .II.D.G.M.B.F.&. 
H . REX . F . D . B . & . L . DVX .S.R.I. 
A . T . & . E. 
R: Running horse, R (i) T under. NEC ASPERA 
TERRENT 1739. 

385. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1740. 

386. : Bust to left, ''^ ^- "^ under. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . BRIT . F . & . H . REX . F . D. 

R : XVI I GYTE GROSCH : | n . d . reiches . pvs . 
in three lines. BRYNS . ET . LVN . DVX . 
S . R . I . A . THES . ET . EL . 1741. 

387. Similar to No. 384, excepting date, which is 

1741, and initials c . p . s . on R: instead 
of on : 

388. : As last. 

R : As last, but in five lines within a circle, and 
date 1742. 

389. Similar to No. 384, excepting date, which is 

1752, and c . instead of c . p . s. 



CKOROE II. 61 

300. : Bust to loft, R {k) T uudcr. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET . HIE . REX . F . D. 
n : XVI I GVTE I GROSCH : | n . d . keiciies . | 

FYS . I I . w . s . in six lines, legend as last, 

date 1756. 
One-iJti)'(l Thalevs. 

391. 0: Bust to left, c . p . s . under. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . BRIT . F . & . H . REX . F . D. 
R : Four shields crosswise, (j) pe-in-si-lb in the 
centre. BR . ET . L . DVX . S . R . I . A . 
T . ET . E. 1729. 

392. : As last. 

R: Shield No. 3, crowned, fein . (^) silb . under. 
BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
ET.EL. 1730. 

393. : Shield No. 2, crown divides date 17 — 31. pein 

(1) siLB under. GEORG . II . D . G . M . 

BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : Wild man and tree, c . under. BR . ET . 

LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 
391. : Shield No. 3, crowned, pein (^) silb under. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . FR . & HIB . 

REX . F . D. 
R : St. Andrew, with his cross, c . r . s . under. 

BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . 

ET.E. 1731. 
395. Similar to last, but date 1732, and legend on : 

reads M . BRIT . FR . E T . HIB . REX . F . D. 

39C. Similar to No. 392, but with ^ |f ^ J^ uudcr bust, 

and date 1732. 
397. : Shield No. 2, crowned, fein (/3) silb under. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . F . & H . 

REX . F . D . BR . & L .DVX . S . R . I . A . 

TH . & EL. 
R : Running horse, ^ 1 734 J^ , and c . p . s . under. 

NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 



62 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

398. Similai' to No. 393, excepting date, wliich is 

1734. 

399. Similar to No. 393, excepting date, which is 

1735. 

400. Similar to No. 393, excepting date, which is 

1736. 

401 . Similar to No. 392, excepting date, which is 1 736. 

402. : Shield No. 2, crown divides date 17 — 37. pein . 

(^) siLB . under. GEORG . II . D . G. M . 
BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D . 
R : Wild mau and tree, i . A . b . under, 12 in the 
field. BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . 
TH . ET . EL. 

403. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1740. 

404. : Shield No. 3, crowned, n . d . eeiches . p . (^) 

FEIN . SILB . under, in a curve. GEORG . II . 
D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . H . REX . F . D. 
1740. 
7? : St. Andrew with his cross, c . r . s . under. 
BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
ET . EL. 

405. Similar to No. 402, excepting date, which is 

1 741, and initials i . b . h. 

406. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1742. 

407. Similar to No. 404, excepting date, which is 

1742. 

408. Similar to No. 404, excepting date, which is 

1743. 

409. Similar to No. 405, excepting date, which is 

1744. 

410. Similar to No. 405, excepting date, which is 

1746. 

411. Similar to No. 405, excepting date, w^hich is 

1747. 

412. Similar to No. 404, excepting date, which is 

1749. 



GEOROE II. 



03 



413. Similar to No. 405, excepting date, whicli is 

1750. 

414. Similar to No. 405, excepting date, which is 

1751. 

415. Similar to No. 405, excepting date, which is 

1752. 

416. Similar to No. 405, excepting date, which is 

1754. 




417. Similar to No. 397, excepting date, which is 

^1754^, and initials i . w . s. 

418. Similar to No. 404, excepting date, which is 

1757, and initials i . w . s. 

419. Similar to No. 405, excepting date, which is 

1757. 

420. Similar to No. 404, excepting date, which is 

1758. 

421. Similar to No. 405, excepting date, which is 

1700. 

Quarter Thalers. 

422. : Bust to left ^ ^^^ '^' under. GEOKG . II . 

C P s 

D . G . M . BlilT . F . & . H . REX . F . D. 

U : Four shields crosswise, a star in centre. 13R . 
ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . 
EL. 1728. 

423. : As last. 

li : Shield No. 3, crowned, date above, 1732. 
Legend as before. 



64 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

424. n : Bust to left, ^ ^^^ ^ under. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . BiUT . F . ET . H . EEX . F . D. 
i? : VIII I GVTE I GROSCH. | n . d . reiches | 
Fvs I ill five lines. BRVNS . ET . LVN . 
DVX . S . R . I . A . T . & E . 1742. 

425. : VIII I GVTE | GROSCH. | N.D.REICHS | 

FVS in five lines in centre. GEORG . II . 
1) . G . M . B . F . & H . REX . F . D . B . 
& L . DVX . S . R . I . A . T . & E. 1742. 

i? : Running liorse ^ ^^^ ^ under. NEC ASPERA 
^ c . p.s . 

TERRENT. 

One-sixth Thalers. 

426. : Bust to left, c . p . s . under. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . BR . F . & H . REX . F . D. 
R : Four sliields crosswise (^) pe - in - si - lb in centre. 
BR.&L.DVX.S.R.I. A.T.&EL. 1727. 

427. : Four shields crosswise (-,j) in the centre. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . F & H . REX . 
F . D . B &L . D . S . R . I . A.T .&E^. 
R : Running horse, 1727 | c . p . s . | fein silb 
under. NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 

428. : Four shields crosswise, (^) pe- in -si -lb in 

centre. GEORG . II . D . G . M. BR . F . 
& HIB . REX . F . D. 
7? : Running horse, c . p . s . and fein . silb . under. 
NEC ASPERA TERRENT. 1729. 
420. : As last. 

R, : St. Andrew with his cross, c . P . s . under. 
BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
ET . E. 1729. 
4:30. : Bust to left, c . ? . s . under. GEORG . II . 
D.G.M.BR.F.&H. REX . F . D. 
7?: Shield No. 3, crown divides date 17 — 30, fein 
{D SILB under. BR . ET . L . DVX . 
S . R . I . A . T . ET . E. 



fiHORGE II. 



05 



431. : Shield No. 3, crowned fein (l) silb under. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . B . F . & H . REX . 
F.D.B.&L.D.S.R.I.A.T.&. 
EL. 
R : Running horse, 1730, and c . p . s . under. NEC 
ASPERA TERRENT. 

432. 0: Shield No. 2, crown divides date 17—30. 

GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . 
HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : Wild man and tree, e . p . H . under, G in the 
field. BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . 
TH . ET . EL. 

433. Similar to No. 429, excepting date, which is 

1730. 

434. Similar to No. 429, excepting date, which is 

1731, and legend BR . & LVN . and A . T. 
&E. 

435. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1732. 

436. Similar to No. 432, excepting date, which is 

1732, and initials i . a . B. 

437. Similar to No. 431, excepting date, which is 

1732. 

438. Similar to No. 432, excepting date, which is 

1733, and initials i . a . b. 

439. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1734. 

440. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1735. 

441. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1736. 

442. : Similar to No. 430, excepting date, which 

is 1736, and the bust is different. 




66 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

443. : Shield No. 3, crown divides date 17-37, fein (^) 

siLB under. GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . 
FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
J?: Wild man and tree, i . A . b . under, 6 in field. 
BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
ET . EL. 

444. Similar to last, but date 17-38. 

445. : As No. 430. 

E : Shield No. 5, crowned, n . d . reiches . f . (J.) 
FEIN . SILB . in a curve under. BR . ET . 
LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 
1739. 

446. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

1 7-39, and initials i . B . h. 

447. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-40, and initials i . b . h. 

448. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-41, and initials i . b . h. 

449. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-42, and initials i . b . h. 

450. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-43, and initials i . b . h. 

451. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-44, and initials i . b . h. 
462. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-45, and initials i . b . h. 

453. Similar to No. 430, excepting date, which is 1746. 

454. : Shield No. 5, crown divides date 17-46. n . d . 

ueiches . f . (^) FEIN . SILB . in a curve under. 
GEORG . II . D . G . M . BR . F . ET . HIB . 
REX . F . D. 
R : St. Andrew with his cross, c . p . s . under. 
BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
ET . EL. 

455. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-46, and initials i . b . h. 



(iKOi;GK II. 67 

456. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-48, and initials i . b . u. 

457. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-49, and initials i . h . i3. 

458. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-50, and initials i . B . H. 

459. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-51, and initials i . b . n. 

460. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

1 7-53, and initials i . b . ir. 

461. Similar to No. 454, excepting date, which is 

1 7-53, and initials i . w . s. 

462. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-54, and initials i . b . h. 

463. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-56, and initials i . b . h. 

464. Similar to No. 454, excepting date, which is 

17-56, and initials i . w . s . and legend on : 
reads M . B . F . ET . H and on R:BR . & 
LVN . and TH . & EL. 

465. Similar to No. 454, but dated 17-57, and R: 

legend as last. 

466. Similar to No. 454, but dated 17-59, legend as 

No. 463, but ends T . & EL. 

467. Similar to No. 443, excepting date, which is 

17-60, and initials i . b . h. 

Four Marien Groschen. 

468. : Shield as centre of arms No. 1. GEORG . 

II . D . G . M . BR . FR . & H . REX . 
F . D. 
R: nil I MARIEN I GROS: | 1727 | c . p . s . 
in five hues. BR . ET LVN . DVX . 
S .R. I . A.TH .ET. EL^ 

469. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1728. 

470. Similar to lust, excepting date, which is 1730. 

5 * 



68 ANGLO-ITANOVRRTAN. 

471. 0: *IIII* I MARIEN | GROSOH: | pein silb : | 

E . p . H . in five lines. GEORG . II . D . G . 
M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 1730. * 
B : Wild man and tree, 4 on field. BR . ET . LUN . 
DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 

472. Similar to No. 468, excepting date, which is 

1731, and legend HIB . REX . F . D and 
U^- instead of V^- 

473. Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1732, and initials i . A . b. 

474. Similar to No. 468, excepting date, which is 

1734, and legend on R: BRVNS . & LVN . 
DVX. S . R . I . A . TH . &EL^ 

475. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1735. 

476. Similar to last, excepting legend on : F . & 

H . REX. 

477. Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1735, and initials i . A . b. 

478. Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1736, and initials i . A . b. 

479. Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1737, and initials i . A . b. 

480. Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1738, and initials i . A . b. 

481. : As No. 468, but legend, BRIT . F . ET . H. 

R: nil I MARIEN | GROS : | N . D . LEIPZ. | 
FVS I c . p . s. 1738. 

482. Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1739, and initial c. 

483. As last, but with initials i . b . h. 

484. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1740. 

485. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1741. 

486. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1742. 

487. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1743. 

488. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1744. 



489. 



UKOKUK II. 60 

Similar to last, excepting- date, whicL is 1745. 



490. : 



491. 
492. 

493. 

494. 

495. 

496. 

497. 

One-twelfth 

498. : 



499. 
500. 

R: 




Shield as centre of arms No. 1. GEORG . II . 

D . G . M . BRIT . F . & . H . REX . 

F . D . B . & L . DUX . S . R . I . A . 

TH . ET . EL.* 
nil I MARIEN I GROS : | C . P . S . in four 

lines. NACH DEM LEIPZIGER FYS. 

1745. * 
Similar to last, excepting date, wliich is 1746. 
Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1747j and initials i . A . b. 
Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1749, and initials i . a . b. 
Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1751, and initials i . a . b. 
Similar to No. 490, excepting date, which is 

1752. 
Similar to No. 471, excepting date, which is 

1756, and initials i . a . b. 
As last, but date 1 760. 
Thalev. 
Running horse, c . i' . s . under. 
12 I EINEN I THAL : 1732 in four 

K . GR . BRIT . UND C . F . B 

LAND . MVNTZ.^ 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1735. 
Horse as before, 1738, and c . p . s . under. 
12 I EINEN I THAL : | N . D . LEIPZ. | 

FVS . in five lines, legend as before except 

C . F . BR . L. 



lines 
. L 



'0 



AXGLO-HANOVERIAK, 



501. 

502. : 



503. : 
R: 

504. 
505. 

506. 
507. 
508. 
509. 

510. 

511. 
R 



Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1740. 
Horse as before, 1741, and c . p . s . under. 
12 1 EINEN 1 THAL: | in three Hnes. 

NACH. 

DEM. LEIPZIGER. F.^ 
Running horse, 1742, and c . p . s . under. 
12 1 EINEN 1 THAL : in three lines. NACH 

DEM LEIPZIGER FUS. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1743. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1744, 

and legend ends FVS ^ 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1747. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1748. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1749. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which iscg^ 1751c83 

and initial c. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1752, 

and initial c. 
Running horse, 1760 under. 
12 I EINEN I THAL : | i . a . s . in four lines. 
NACH DEM REICHES FUS. * 




Ttoo Marten Groschen. 

512. : * II * I MARIEN | GROSCH : | fein silb. | 
E . P . H . in five lines. GEORG . II . 
D . G . M . BR. FR . ET H . REX . F . D. 
1730^ 
R : Wild man holding tree, 2 in the field. BR . 
ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . 
EL. 



513. 







li 


514. 







11 



GEORGE ir. 71 

*^. ^. in monogram crowned c . p . s. 

II I MARIEN I GROS: j 1730. in four lines. 

G . R . BRIT . UND . C . F . BR . & LVN 

LAND MUNTZ. 
As last. 
II I MARIEN I GROS: 1730. in four lines 

NACH DEM LEIPZIGER FUS. 

515. Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1732, 

and initials i . a . b. 

516. Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1733. 

517. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1734. 

518. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1736. 

519. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1737. 

520. Similar to No. 513, excepting date, which is 

1737. 

521. Similar to No. 512, excepting date, which is 

1738, and initial i . a . b. 

522. 0: II I MARIEN | GROSCH | fein silb . 

I . B . H. in five lines. GEORG . II . D . G . M . 
BR . FR . ET . H . REX . F . D . 1739. 
B : Wild man and tree, 2 in field. BR . ET . 
LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 

523. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1740. 

524. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1741 . 

525. Similar to No. 514, excepting date, which is 

1741. 

526. Similar to No. 514, excepting date, whicli is 

1741. 

527. Similar to No. 514, excepting date, which is 

1745. 

528. Similar to No. 522, excepting date, which is 

1745. 

529. Similar to No. 514, excepting date, which is 

1748. 

530. Similar to No. 522, excepting date, which is 

1748. 



72 ANGLO-HANOVEKIAN. 

531. Similar to No. 514, excepting date, which is 

1749. 

532. Similar to No. 522, excepting date, which is 

1750. 

533. Similar to No. 514, excepting date, which is 

1751, and initial c. 

534. Similar to No. 514, excepting date, which is 

1752, and initial c. 

535. : "^ . ^ . in monogram, crowned. 

B: II 1 MARIEN | GROS : c . p . s . in four 

lines. 

NACH DEM LEIPZIGEE FYS. 1752. 

536. Similar to No. 522, excepting date, which is 

1753. 

537. Similar to No. 514, excepting date, which is 

1754, and initials i . w . s. 

538. Similar to No. 522, excepting date, which 

1756 

539. Similar to No. 522, excepting date, which 

1758. 

540. Similar to No. 522, excepting date, which 

1759. 

541. Similar to No. 514, excepting date, which 

1759, and initials i . w . s. 

542. Similar to No. 522, excepting date, which is 

1760. 

One Twenty-fourth Thaler. 

543. : Running horse, 1732, and c . under. 

R: 24: \ EINEN | THAL : in three lines. NACH 
DEM LEIPZIGER FVS. 

544. : Running horse, c . p . s . under. 

R: 24 I EINEN I THAL: | 1733 in four lines. 
K . GR . BRIT . UND C . F . B . L . 
LANDMVNTZ * 



IS 



is 



IS 



IS 



fJEORQE II. 73 

545. : "^ . ^ . in monogram, crowned, c . p . s . under. 
li: 24 I EINEN I THAL: | 1735 in four lines. 

NACH DEM LEIPZIGER FYS. 

546. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1745. 

547. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1746, 

and legend ends EVSi^ 
One Groschen. 

548. : "^ . ^ . in monogram, crowned, c . p . s . under. 
R: I I MARTEN GROS : 1730. in four lines, GR . 

BRIT . UND . C. F . BR . & LVN . LAND 
MVNTZ. 

549. : As last. 

R: I I MARIEN | GROS: | 1733. | in four lines. 
NACH DEM LEIPZIGER FYS. 

550. Similar to No. 549, excepting date, which is 

1739. 

551. Similar to No. 548, excepting date, which is 

1741, and initials i . b . H. 

552. Similar to No. 549, but date follows legend on 

R'. 1742. 

553. Similar to last, but date follows legend 1744. 

554. Similar to No. 549, but date follows legend 

1745. 

555. Similar to No. 247, excepting date, which is 

1746. 

556. Similar to No. 247, excepting date, which is 

1753. 

557. Similar to No. 542, excepting date, which is 

1755, and initials i . w . s. 

558. Similar to No. 548, excepting date, which is 

1760. 

Six Pfennige. 

559. : "^ . ^ . in monogram, crowned, c . p . s . under. 

R : Orb and cross inscribed VI. NACH DEM 
LEIPZ. FYS. 1733. 

560. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1743. 



74 AKGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

561. Similar to last, excepting date, wliicli is 1751. 

562. Similar to last, excepting date, wliicli is 1753. 

563. Similar to No. 559, but without legend on 

reverse and date 1 754. 

Four Pfennige. 

564. : y- 'K- in monogram, crowned, c . p . s . under. 
R : nil I PFENN I 1732 in three lines. K . GR . 

BRIT . UND C . F . B . L . LANDM * 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1733. 
As before. 
nil I PFENN I 1739 in three lines. NACH . 

DEM . LEIPZ . FVS * 
y . ^ . in monogram, as before. 
nil I PFENN : I 1741 . in three lines, NACH . 

DEM. LEIPZ. F7S. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1743. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1744. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1756. 

Three Pfennige. 

571. : "^ . '\ . m monogram, crowned, c . p . s . under. 
B : Orb and cross inscribed 3, divides date 17 — 32. 

572. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 33. 

573. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1743. 

574. Similar to No. 571, excepting date, which is 

1743, and legend NACH. DEM. LEIPZ. 
FUS. 



tJ\JU. 

566. 


0: 




B: 


567. 


(): 




B: 


568. 




569. 




570. 






bib. Similar to No. 574, excepting date, which is 

1748. 



GKOfjnR II. 



/o 



576. Similar to No. 574, excepting date, which is 

1751. 



A synoptical table of the principal series of the silver 
coins of George II. will be placed here, similar to that of 
the preceding reign. 



With King's Bust. 


With the 


Wild Man. 


Thaleb. 


2 
3 


1 
3 


1 
6 


Thalee. 


2 
3 


1 
3 


1 

6 










1727. 


1727. 


1731. 


1730. 


1729. 


1727. 


1729. 


1727. 


1728. 


1731. 


1734. 


1732. 


1730. 


1728. 


1730. 


1730. 


1729. 


1732. 


1735. 


1733. 


1751. 


1729. 


1732. 


1736. 


1730. 


1733. 


1736. 


1734. 




1739. 


1736. 


1739. 


1732. 


1734. 


1737. 


1735. 




1744. 




1746. 


1736. 


1735. 


1740. 


1736. 




1746. 






1738. 


1736. 


1741. 


1737. 




1754. 






1750. 


1737. 
1738. 
1739. 
1740. 
1742. 
1743. 
1744. 
1745. 
1746. 
1747. 
1749. 
1752. 
1754. 
1757. 
1758. 
1759. 
1760. 


1742. 
1744. 
1746. 
1747. 
1750. 
1751. 
1752. 
1754. 
1757. 
1760. 


1738. 
1739. 
1740. 
1741. 
1742. 
1743. 
1744. 
1745. 
1746. 
1748. 
1749. 
1750. 
1751. 
1753. 
1754. 
1756. 
1757. 
1759. 
1760. 



76 



ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 



With St. Andrew. 
1 1 

3 6 



Thalek. 



1727. 
1730. 
1735. 

1738. 
1744. 
1745. 
1746. 
1747. 
1749. 
1751. 
1752. 
1753. 
1754. 
1756. 
1758. 
1760. 



1731. 
1732. 
1740. 
1742. 
1743. 
1749. 
1757. 
1758. 



1729. 
1730. 
1731. 
1732. 
1746. 
1753. 
1756. 
1757. 
1759. 



Thaler. 



With the Running Hoese. 

2 11 

3 3 6 

WITH 

FEIN SILB 

ON O : ON B: 



1729. 


1728. 1727. 


1734. 


1727 


1730. 


1730. 1730. 


1754. 


1729 


MDCCXXX 


1731. 1733. 




1730 


1731. 


1732. 1736. 




1732 


MDCCXXXI 


1733. 1737. 






1732. 


1734. 1740. 






MDCCXXXII 


1738. 1744. 






MDCCXXXTV 


1739. 1745. 






MDCCXXXVI 


1740. 1748. 






1739. 


1743. 1755. 






1740. 


1744. 1757. 






1741. 


1746. 1759. 






1743. 


1747. 1760. 






1744. 


1750. 






1745. 


1751. 






1746. 


1754. 






1747. 


1755. 






1749. 


1757. 






MDLIII 


1759. 






1756. 


1760. 







1757. 

1758. 
1759. 
1760. 



A few dates will be found in this table which came to hand 
too late for insertion in the body of the work. 



Thalers. 

577. 



R 



George III. 1760-1820. 

Shield No. 3^ crown divides date, 17 — 61. 

GEORG . Ill . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . & . 

HIB . REX . F . D. 
St. Andrew with his cross, i . w . s . under. 

BR . & LUN . DUX .S.R.I.A.T.& 

ELECT. 



aEOROR IIT. / / 

578. 0: Shield No. 2, crown divides date 17 — G2. 

GEORG . Ill . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . & . 
HIB . REX . F . D. 
B : St. Andrew with his cross . i . w . s . under, BR . 
& . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . & EL. 

579. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1763. 

580. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1764, 

581. 0: Shield No. 9, crown divides date 17—64. 

Legend as before. 
R : Wild man holding tree, i . a . p . under, BRUN . 
& . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . THES . & . 
EL. 

582. Similar to No. 578, excepting date, which is 

17—65. 

583. Similar to No. 578, excepting date, which is 

17—66. 

584. Similar to No. 578, excepting date, which is 

17—67. 

585. Similar to No. 578, excepting date, which is 

17—68. 

586. Similar to No. 578, excepting date, which is 

17—69. 

587. Similar to No. 578, excepting date, which is 

17—70. 

588. Similar to No. 578, excepting date, which is 

17—71. 

589. Similar to No. 578, excepting date, which is 

17—72. 

590. : Bust to right. GEORG . Ill . D . G . M . BR . 

FR . & . HIB . REX . F . D. 

R: Shield No. 10 crowned, date over, 1773. 
I . w . s . under. BRUNS . & . LUN . DUX 
S . R . I . A . TH . & ELECT. 

591. Similar to No. 578, excepting date, which is 

17—73. 



78 ANOLO-IIANOVEPJAN. 

692. Similar to No. 590, excepting date, wliicli is 

1774. 

593. : Shield No. 9, crown divides date, 17 — 75. 

GEORG . Ill . D . G . MAG . BRIT . FR . 
ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : Wild man holding tree, L . C . e . under. 
BRVN . & LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
ET . EL. 

594. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 76. 

595. : As No. 590. 

R : Arms No. 4, supporters, &c. i . w . s . under. 
Legend as before, date 17 — 77. 

596. Similar to No. 590, excepting date, which is 

1779. 

597. Similar to No. 590, excepting date, which is 

1791, and initial c. 

598. Similar to No. 590, excepting date, which is 

1792, and initials p . l . m. 

599. Similar to No. 590, excepting date, which is 

1794, and initials p . l m. 

600. Similar to No. 590, excepting date, which is 

1797, and initials P . L . M . 

601. : Bust to right. GEORG . Ill . V . G . G . 

KONIG . UND CHURFiJRST^. 

R: •^I^ I THALER | HANNOVERISCH | 
CASSEN = GELD| J^lSOl^ | ^C^in six 
lines. 

Two-third Thalers. 

602 : Shield No. 3, crowned, n . d . reiches . p . (§) 

FEIN . siLBER in a curve under. GEORG . 

Ill . D.G . M . BRIT. FR.&HIB.REX. 

F.D. 
R: 24 I MARIEN I GROSCH [ 1761 | i.w.s. 

in five lines. BRUNS . & LUN . DUX . S . 

S .R. I . A. TH . & ELECTA. 



GEORGE III, 70 

603. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17C2, 

and legend on R : ends TH . & . EL. 

604. 0: Shield No. 10, crown divides date, 17—62. 

FEIN (§) siLB under. GEORG . Ill . D . G . 
M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : Wild man holding tree . i . b . h . under, 24 
in field. BR . ET . LVN . DVX .S.R.I. 
A . TH . ET . EL. 

605. Similar to No. 602, excepting date, which is 

1763. 

606. Similar to No. 604, excepting date, which is 

17 — 63, and initials i . a . p. 

607. Similar to No. 602, excepting date, which is 

1764. 

608. Similar to No. 606, excepting date, which is 

17—64. 

609. Similar to No. 002, excepting date, which is 

1765. 

610. : Shield No. 9, crown divides date 17—65. fein (|) 

SILB under . GEORG . Ill . D . G . M . BR . 
FR . ET HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : Wild man holding tree i . A . p . under, 24 in 
field. BR . ET . LVN . DVX . S . R . I . A . 
TH . & ELECT. 

611. Similar to last, but dated 17 — 67. 

612. Similar to No. 602, excepting date, which is 

17—67. 

61 3. Similar to No. 602, excepting date, which is 1 708. 

614. Similar to No. 610, excepting date, which is 

17—68. 

615. Similar to No. 602, excepting date, which is 

1769. 

616. Similar to No. 610, excepting date, which is 

17—69. 

617. Similar to No. 602, excepting date, which is 

1770. 



80 A^^OLO-HANOVRRIAN. 

018. Similar to No. G 10, excepting date, whicli is 

17—70. 

619. Similar to No. 610, excepting date, whicli is 

17—71. 

620. Similar to No. 610, excepting date, wliich is 

17—72. 

621. 0: Bust to right, i . w . s . under , GEORG . Ill . 

D . G . M . BR . FR . & HIB . REX . F . D. 
B : Shield No. 10, crown divides date 1 7 — 72. n . d . 
BEiCHES. F (I) FEIN. siLBER in a curve under. 
. BRUNS . & . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . 
TH . & ELECT. 

622. : Shield No. 2 crowned, n . d . eeiches . f (|) pein. 

siLBEE in a curve under GEORG . Ill . 
D . G . M . BR . FR . & . HIB . REX . 
F .D. 
R: 24 1 MARIEN I GROSCH | 1772 ] i.w.s. 
in five lines. BRUNS . & . LUN . DUX . 
S .R.I . A.TH . &. ELECT ^. 




623. 
624. 

625. 



Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17—73. 
Similar to No. 622, excepting date, which is 

1773. 

Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 
1774, and not divided by the crown but 
over it. 



GEORGE III. 81 

G2G. Similar to No. G22, excepting date, which is 1774. 

627. Similar to No. 610, excepting date, which is 

1 7 — 74, and initials under wild man l . c . R . 

628. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17—75. 

629. Similar to No. 622, excepting date, which is 1 775. 

630. Similar to No. 627, excepting date, which is 

17—75. 

631. Similar to No. 621 excepting date, which is 

17—76. 

632. 0: Bust as No. 621. 

R : Arms No. 4 supporters, &c. n . d . r . p (§) p . 
siLB . under. BRUNS . & . LUN . DUX . 
S . R . I . A . TH . & ELECT . 1776. 

633. Similar to No. 610, excepting date, which is 

17 — 76, and initials L . c . R. under Wild man. 

634. Similar to No. 622, excepting date, which is 

1776. 

635. Similar to No. 622, excepting date, which is 

1777. 

636. Similar to No. 627, excepting date, which is 

17—77. 

637. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17-78. 

638. Similar to No. 633, excepting date, which is 

17—78. 

639. : Shield No. 1, otherwise as No. 622. 

E : Similar to No. 622, excepting date, which is 
1778. 

640. Similar to No. 622, excepting date, which is 

17—79. 

641. Similar to No. 633, excepting date, which is 

1 7 — 79, and initial c. under Wild man. 

642. Similar to No. 639, excepting date, which is 

1780. 

6 



82 ANQLO-HANOVEUIAN. 

C4o. Similar to No. 641, excepting date, wliicli is 

1780_, and initials under wild man, c . e . s . 

644. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

1781, and n . d . r . f . (§) p . silb under shield. 

645. Similar to No. 632, excepting date, which is 1 78 1 . 

646. Similar to No. 639, excepting date, which is 

1781. 

647. Similar to No. 643, excepting date, which is 

17—81. 

648. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17—82. 

649. Similar to No. 622, excepting date, which is 

1782. 

650. Similar to No. 643, excepting date, which is 

1782. 

651. Similar to No. 639, excepting date, which is 

1783. 

652. Similar to No. 643, excepting date, which is 

1783. 

653. Similar to No. 639, excepting date, which is 

1784. 

654. Similar to No. 643, excepting date, which is 

1784. 

655. Similar to No. 639, excepting date, which is 

1785. 

656. : Shield No. 1, crowned, date at sides of shield 

17 — 85. FEIN (§) SILB . under, legend as before. 
R : Wild man and tree, c . under, BR . ET . LUN . 
DUX . S . E . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 

657. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17—86. 

658. Similar to No. 656, excepting date, which is 

17—86. 

659. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

1 7 — 87, and legend on : reads D . G . M. 
BRIT. 



GEORGE III. 83 

660. Similar to No. 630, excepting date, wliicli is 

1787. 

661. Similar to No. 643, excepting date, wliicli is 

1787. 

662. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17—88. 

663. '. Shield No. 1, crowned, N . D . REiCHES . p . (f) FEIN. 

siLBEB . in a curve under. GEORG . Ill . D . 
G . M . BRIT . FR . & . HIB . REX . F . D . 
R: 24 I MARIEN | GROSCH: | 1788 [ p.l.m. 
in five lines . BRUNS . & . LUN . DUX . 
S . R . I . A . TH . & ELECT. ^ 

664. Similar to No. 643, excepting date, which is 

1788. 

665. Similar to No. 663, excepting date, which is 

1789. 
Q>QQ). Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17—89. 
667. Similar to No. 656, excepting date, which is 

17—89. 
663. Similar to No. 663, excepting date, which is 

1790, and initial c. 

669. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17—90. 

670. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17—91. 

671. Similar to No. 663, excepting date, which is 

1791, and initial C. 

672. Similar to No. 663, excepting date, which is 

1792, and initial c. 

673. Similar to No. 663, excepting date, which is 

1793, and initials p . L . m. 

674. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1794. 

675. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1795. 
670. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17 — 95, and initials r . L . M . under bust. 

6 * 



84 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

677. Similar to No. 621, excepting date^ wWcli is 

17 — 96, and initials p . l . m . under bust. 

678. Similar to No. 673, excepting date, which is 

1796. 

679. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17 — 97, and initials p . l . m . 

680. Similar to No. 673, excepting date, which is 1 797. 

681. Similar to No. 673, excepting date, which is 

1798. 

682. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

17 — 99, and initials p . L . m . 

683. Similar to No. 673, excepting date, which is 

1799. 

684. Similar to No. 663, excepting date, which is 

1800, and initials, E. C. 

685. Similar to No. 621, excepting date, which is 

1800, and initials p . l . m. 

686. As last, but with initial c. 

687. Similar to No. 663, excepting date^ which is 

1 800, and initials P . L . M. 

688. : Bust to right, GEORG . Ill . D . G . BRIT . 

REX . F . D . B . & L . DUX .S.R.I. 
A . TH . & EL . ^ 
R: -|- in the centre, ^ c ^ under, 18 STUCK 
EINE MARK FEIN s^ 1801. 

689. : Shield No. 7, crowned, c under, GEORGIUS . 

Ill . D . G . BRITANNIARUM . REX . 
F . D. 
B: -5- in the centre, n . d . keiches . rus . pein . 

O 

siLBER . under in a curve, BRUNS . & LUN . 
DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . & ELECTOR . 

1801. ^ 

690. Similar to last, but dated 1802, and initials 

G . p . M. 

691. Similar to last, but dated 1803, and initials 

G . F . M. 



GEORGE III. 



85 



693. 
694. 



695. 
696. 
697. 



692. 0: Shield No. 7 (not so pointed as last), g . f . m . 

under, legend as last. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1804, 

and legend under numerals reads FUSS. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1805. 
Shield No. 11, a . M . under, GEORGIUS . Ill . 

D . G . BRITANNIARUM . REX . F . D. 
Similar to No. 689, excepting date, which is 

1805. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1806. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1807. 
Shield No. 7, with garter depending from it, 

GEORGTUS III . D . G . BRITANNIARUM 

REX . F . D. 
|- in centre, BRUNSVICIENSIS ET LUNE- 

BERG DUX .S.R.I.A.T.ET E. 

1813. 20 EINE MARK FEIN. 

I have only met with this coin in proof 

condition and I suspect it was a pattern. 
: Bust to right, c. under, legend as last. 
11 : Centre as No. 689. BRUNS . & LUNEB . 

DUX S.R.I.A.TH.&. ELECT . 18 13. ^ 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 181 4. ^ 

^"^^ "Si 



698. 



699. 



It 







R 







R 




Half Thalers. 

700. : 



Bust to right. GEORG . III. A^ G . G . KONIG 

UND CHURFURST. 
^ \^ I THALER I HANNOVERISCH I 



CASSEN=GELD 
lines. 



^1801^ I ^C^iu six 



86 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

701. 0: Runuing Tiorse, xx eine f . mark under, 

GEORGIUS III D. G. BRITANNIARUM 
& s^ 
R: ^ 16 ^ 1 GUTE I GROSCHEN [ CONVEN- 
TION I MUNZE 1 FEIN siLBER iu six lines 
in the centre. HANNOV . REX BRUNS . 
& LUNEBURG . DUX . 1820. 

One Third Thalers. 

702. 0: Shield No. 6, crown divides date, 17—64. 

N . D . R . F . (-^) F . siLB . in a curve under. 
GEORG . Ill . D . G . M . B . F . & , H . 
REX . F . D. 
R: St. Andrew with his cross, i . w . s . under, BR . 
& . LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . & . EL. 

703. : Shield No. 3, crown divides date 17 — 64 . fein . 

(4) siLB . in a curve under, legend as before. 
R : Wild man holding tree, i . A . p . under, legend 
as last. 

704. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 65. 

705. Similar to No. 7U2, excepting date, which is 

17—66. 

706. Similar to No. 703, excepting date, which is 

17—67. 

707. 0: Shield No. 10,N . D. REICHES.P. (^) FEIN.SILBER 

in a curve under, legend as before. 
R : Running horse cga c 4' under, legend as before, 
date follows legend 1767. 

708. Similar to No. 703, excepting date, which is 

17—68. 

709. Similar to No. 703, excepting date, which is 

17—70. 

710. Similar to No. 703, excepting date, which is 

17—72. 

711. 0: Bust to right, I . w . s . under. GEORG . Ill . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . & HIB . REX . 
F . D. 



GF.ORGE III. 87 

R: Shield No, 10, crown divides date, 17 — 74, 
N . D . K . F (^) p . siLB in a curve under, 
BR . & LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
ET . EL. 

712. Similar to No. 703, excepting date, whicli is 

17 — 74, and initials l . c . R. under Wild 
man. 

713. Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1 7 — 75. 

714. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 76. 

715. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 7 — 77. 
71G. 0: Bust to right, I . w . s . under. GEORG . Ill . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . & . HIB . REX . 
F .D. 
E : Arms No. 4, supporters, &c. ; crown divides date 
17 — 78. N . D . R . F. (^) P. SILB . under in a 
curve, BRUNS . & LUN . DUX .S.R.I. 
A . TH . & ELECT. 

717. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 79. 

718. : Sliield No. 10, date over 1781. n . d . r . r . (^) 

p . SILB . in a curve under GEORG . Ill • 
D . G . M . BR . FR . & HIB . REX . F . D. 
R : St. Andrew as No. 702. 

719. 0: As No. 716. 

R. Shield No. 10, crown divides date 17 — 82, 
N . D . R . p . (^) p . sii.B . in a curve under, 
legend as last. 

720. Similar to No. 703, excepting date, which is 

17 — 82, and initials c . e . s, under A\'ild man. 

721. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 83. 

722. Similar to No. 718, excepting date, Avhich is 

1783. 

723. : Shield No. 2, crown divides date 17—81, legend 

as before. 
R: Wild man holding tree, c . e . s . under, 12 in 
field, BR . ET . LUN . DUX. S . R . I . A . 
TH . ET . EL. 



88 



ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 



724. 

725. 0: 

E: 
72(3. 

727. 

728. 
729. 
730. 
731. 

732. 0; 
B 



733. 
734. 



VL)0. 



Similar to No. 718, excepting date, which is 1 784. 
Shield No. 1, date at sides of shield 17 — 85, 

FEIN . (i) siLB . under. GEORG . Ill . D . G . 

M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D. 
Similar to No. 723. 
Similar to No. 711, excepting date, which is 

17—85. 
Similar to No. 725, excepting date, which is 

17 — 86, and initial c. under Wild man. 
Similar to No. 711, excepting date, which is 

17—86. 
Similar to No. 725, excepting date, which is 

17 — 87, and initial c. 
Similar to No. 725, excepting date, which is 

17 — 88, and initial c. 
Similar to No. 725, excepting date, which is 

17 — 89, and initial c. 
Bust to right, c . under, GEORG . Ill . D . G . M . 

BRIT . FR . & HIB . REX . F . D. 
Shield No. 1, crown divides date 17 — 89, n . d . r . 

F . (5) p . SILB . in a curve under. BRUNS . 

& . LUN . DUX .S.R.I.A.TH.& 

ELECT. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 90. 
Similar to last, excepting legend on B : which 

reads BR .& LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . 

& E. 
Similar to No. 732, excepting date, which is 

17—91. 




GEORGE III. 89 

736. Similar to No. 732, excepting date, which is 

17—93. 

737. Similar to No. 702, excepting date, which is 

17 — 93, and n . d . reiches . f . (^) fein . 
siLBER . in a curve under shield. 

738. Similar to No. 732, excepting n . d . reiches . 

p . (^) FEIN . SILBER is Under shield, and date is 
17—94. 

739. : Bust to right, p . l . m . under, legend as 732. 
It : Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 95. 

740. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 96. 

741. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 97. 

742. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 98. 

743. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18 — 00, 

and c. under bust. 

744. : Bust to right, g . f . m . under, GEOEGIUS . 

Ill . D . G . BRITANNIARUM . EEX . F . D. 
R : Shield No. 7, crown divides date 18 — 03, n . d . 
EEICHES . F . (5) FEIN . SILBER in a curve under, 
BRUNS . & LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . 
TH . & . ELECT. 

745. Similar to last, but with much smaller bust, the 

date, which is 1804, follows the legend, and 
is not divided by the crown. 

746. : Shield No. 7, n . d . reiches . f . (^) fein . silber . 

in a curve under, GEORGIUS . III. D . G . 
BR . REX . F . D . 1804. 
B : St. Andrew with his cross, G . f . M . under, 
BR . & . LUN . DUX .S.R.I.A.TH.&. 
ELECT. 

One-sixth Thalers. 

747. : Shield No. 3, crown divides date 17 — 61, n . d . 

E . F . (J ) F . siLB under GEORG . III. D . G . 
M . B . F . & H . REX . F . D. 
it : St. Andrew and cross, i . w . s . under, BR . & 
LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TII . & . EL. 



90 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

748. Similar to last, excepting date, wliicli is 17 — 62. 

749. 0: Shield No. 2, crown divides date 17 — 62, fein. 

(^-) siLB . under in a curve, legend as last. 
R : Wild man holding tree, i . b . h . under, 6 in the 
field, legend as last. 

750. Similar to lastj excepting date, which is 17 — 63. 

751. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 64. 

752. Similar to No. 747, excepting date, which is 

17—64. 

753. Similar to No. 749, excepting date, which is 

17—67. 

754. Similar to No. 749, excepting date, which is 

17 — 68, and initials i . A . p. 

755. Similar to No. 747, excepting date, which is 

17—69. 

756. Similar to No. 749, excepting date, which is 

17 — 70, and initials i . A . p. 

757. Similar to No. 747, excepting date, which is 

17—71. 

758. Similar to No. 749, excepting date, which is 

17 — 72, and initials i . a . p. 

759. Similar to No. 749, excepting date, which is 

17 — 73, and initials l . c . R . under Wild 
man. 

760. : Bust to right, i . w . s . under, GEORG . Ill . 

D.G.M.B.F.ET.H. EEX . F . D. 
B: Shield No. 10, crown divides date 17 — 73, 
N . D . R . P . (^) P . siLB . in a curve under, 
BR . &.LUN.DUX.S.R.I.A.TH.&. 
EL. 
701. Similar to No, 759, excepting date, which is 

17—74. 

762. Similar to No. 760, excepting date, which is 

17—76. 

763. Similar to No. 759, excepting date, which is 

17—76. 



GEORGE Iir. 91 

764. Similar to No. 750, cxccptinr^ dato, which is 

17—78. 

765. : Bust to right, i . w . s . under, GEORG . Ill . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . & . HIB . REX . 
F . D. 
R: Shield No. 10, crown divides date 17 — 78, 
N , D . K . F . (-^) F . siLU . in a curve under, 
BRUNS . & LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . 
& . ELECT. 

766. . Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 7 — 70. 

767. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 80. 

768. : Shield No. 1, crown divides date, 17—80, legend 

as No. 7G5. 
R : St. Andrew and cross . i . w . s . under, BR . 
&LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . & ELECT . 

769. Similar to No. 749, excepting date, which is 

17 — 80, and initials c . E . s . under Wild man. 

770. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 81. 

771 . Similar to last, excepting date, which is 17 — 82. 

772. Similar to No. 765, excepting date, which is 

17—82. 

773. Similar to No. 769, excepting date, which is 1783. 

774. Similar to No. 769, excepting date, which is 

17—84. 

775. 0: Bust as No. 765. 

li : Shield No. 1, crown divides date, 17 — 84, 
N . D. K . F . (-^) F . siLB . under, and legend as 
B: of No. 765. 

776. 0: Shield No. 1, crown divides date, 17 — 85, 

N . D . R . p . ( ^) F . SILB . in a curve, legend as 
: of No. 765. 
B : St. Andrew with his cross, i . w . s . under, BR . 
it LUN . DUX .S.R.I.A.Tn.&. 
ELECT. 

777. Similar to No. 769, excepting date, which is 

17—85. 



92 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

778. Siuiilar to No. 749, excepting date, which is 

17 — 86, and initial c . under Wild man. 

779. : Bust to right, i . w . s . under, GEORG . Til . 

D . G . M . BRIT . FR . ET HIB . REX . 
F . D. 
R : Shield No. 1 within a garter, crown over divides 
date 17—86, n.d.r.p. {^) p . silb . in a 
curve under, BRUNS . ET . liUN . DUX . 

5 . R . I . A . TH . ET . ELECT. 

780. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 7 — 87. 

781. Similar to No. 778, excepting date, which is 

17—88. 

782. Similar to No. 779, excepting date, which is 

17—89. 

783. Similar to No. 778, excepting date, which is 

17—89. 

784. Similar to No. 776, excepting date, which is 

17—89. 

785. Similar to No. 776, excepting date, which is 

17 — 90, and initial c . only, under St. Andrew. 

786. 0: Shield No. 1, crowned, date at sides 17 — 91, 

N . D . R . F . (-1) F . SILB . Under, in a curve 
legend as No. 765. 
jB: Wild man holding tree, c. under, 6 in field, 
BRUNS . & , LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A. TH . 

6 . ELECT. 

787. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 7 — 92. 

788. Similar to No. 779, excepting date, which is 

17 — 92, and initial c. 

789. Similar to No. 786, except date, which is 

17 — 93, and initials p . l . m. 

790. Similar to No. 779, excepting date, which is 

17 — 94, and initials p . l . m. 

791. Similar to No. 786, excepting date, which is 

1 7 — 94, and initials p . l . m. 

792. Similar to last, but dated 17—95. 



GEORQE III. 93 

793. Similar to No. 779, excepting date, wliicli is 

17 — 95, and initials p . L . M. 

794. Similar to No. 770, excepting date, wliicli is 

17 — 96, and n. d. r. f {\) f. silber under 
shield. 

795. Similar to last, but dated 17—97. 

796. Similar to No. 786, excepting date, wliicli is 

17—97, and initials p . l . m. 

797. Similar to No. 779, excepting date, which is 

17 — 98, and initials p . l . m . under bust, and 

N . D . REICHES . P . FEIN . SILBER, in a CUl'Ve 

under shield. 

798. Similar to No. 749, excepting date, which is 

17 — 98, and initials p . l . m . and as last 
under shield. 

799. Similar to last, but dated 17—99. 

800. Similar to No. 797, excepting date, which is 

17—99. 

801. Similar to No. '79 7, excepting date, which is 

18 — 00, and initial c. under bust. 

802. 0: Shield No. 1, crown divides date 1800. 

N . D . R . F . (g) F . siLB . ill a curvc under, 
GEORG . Ill . D . G . M . BRIT . FR . & HIB. 
. REX . F . D. 
R : Wild man holding tree, P . L . M . under, 6 in 
the field. BRUNS . & LUN . DUX . 
S . R . I . A . TH . & ELECT. 

803. : Bust to right, c. under, GEORGIUS . Ill . 

D . G . BRIT AN NI ARUM . REX . F . D. 
B : Shield No. 3, crown divides date, 1 8 — 02, n . d. 
R . P . (^) F . SILBER under, BRUNS . & LUN . 
DUX .'s . R . I . A . TH . & ELECT. 

804. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18 — 03. 

805. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18 — 04. 

806. -Similar to No. 802, excepting date, which is 

18—04. 



94 ANGLO-HANOVEEIAN. 

807. : Shield No. 7, crowned, n . d . r . p . (^) p . 

siLB. in a curve under, GEORGIUS . Ill . 
D . G . BR . REX . F . D . 1804. 
R : St. Andrew with his cross, G . p . m . under, 
BR . & LUN . DUX .S.R.I.A.TH.& 
ELECT. 

808. 0: Bust to right,G.(l)M. under, GEORGIUS. III. 

D . G . BRITANNIARUM . REX. F . D. 
E : Arms in garter, crowned, n . d. e . f — p . silb . 
in a curve under, BRUNS . & LUN . DUX . 
S . R . I . A . TH & ELECT . 1807. 




Four Marten Grosclien. 



809. : ^ nil ^ I MARIEN | GROSCH : | pein 

SILB : I I . B . H in five lines, GEORG . Ill . 
D . G . M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . 
F . D . 1762.^ 
B : Wild man holding tree, 4 in the field, BR . ET . 
LUN . DUX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL. 

810. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1764, 

and initials I . A . P. 

811. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1766. 

812. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1767. 

813. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1769. 

814. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1770. 

815. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1771. 

816. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1774, 

and initials l . c . e. 



GEORGE III. 95 

817. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1775. 

818. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 177G. 

819. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1777. 

820. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1778. 

821. Similar to last, excepting date, wliich is 1779, 

and initial c. 

822. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1780, 

and initials c . E . s. 

823. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1781. 

824. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1783. 

825. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1784. 

826. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1786, 

and F . siLBER . I c . in centre of : 

827. 0: ^IIII^ I MARIEN | GROSCH : | f.silbkr. 

I 1787 ] c. in six lines, legend as before. 
It : As before. 

One-ttoelflh Thaler or 3 Groschcn. 

828. 0: 12 I EINEN \ THAL : | i . w . s . in four 

lines in centre, NACH DEM REICHES 
FUS^ 
U : Running horse, with date under 1 7G0. 

829. As last, but with initials i . A . s . and legend 

NACH DEM LEIPZIGER FUS * 

830. Similar to No. 828, excepting date, which is 

17G1. 

831. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1702. 

832. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 703. 

833. As last, but initial ^ c ^ 

834. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1704. 

835. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 705. 
830. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1707. 

837. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1708. 

838. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1709, 

and initials i . w . s. 

839. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1770. 



90 



ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 



8^0. 
8U. 

842. 
843. 
814. 
845. 
846. 
847. 
848. 
8i9. 
850. 
851. 
852. 
853. 

854. 
855. 

85d. 
857. 
858. 
859. 
860. 
861. 

862. 

863. 
864. 
865. 
866. 

867. 
868. 







E 



Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1771. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1772. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1773. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1774. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1776. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1778. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1780. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1781. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1783. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1784. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1786. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1788. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1789. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1791, 

and initial c. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1792. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1793, 

and initials p . L . m . 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1795. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1796. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1798. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1799. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1800. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1801, 

and initials e . c . 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1802, 

and initial c. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1803. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1804. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1805. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1806. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1807. 
12 I EINEN I THALER | c . in four lines, 

XACH DEM REICHES FUSS ^ 
Running horse, with date under, 1814. 



GEOGQE III. 97 

860. Similar to last, oxceptin^ date, which is 1815. 




870. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1816. 

871. 0: 3 I MARIEN | GROSCHEN | 1816 in four 

lines, KON . HANNOVERSCHE CON- 
VENTION S-MUNZE. 
R : Running horse, c . H . H . under, 160 EINE 
FEINE MARK. 

872. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1817. 

873. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1818. 

874. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1819, 

and initials L . b . under horse. 

875. As last, but initials under horse L . a . b . 

Tivo Ifarien Groschen. 

876. : •^ . ^ . in monogram, crowned, i . w . s . under. 
B: II I MARIEN I GROSCH | 1760 in four lines, 

NACH DEM LEIPZIGER FUS s$. 

877. : i^II^ I MARIEN | GROSCH : | pein silb : | 

I . A . p . in five lines, GEORG . Ill . D . G . 
M . BR . FR . ET . HIB . REX . F . D . 
1763 cg^ 
R : Wild man holding tree, 2 in field, BR . ET . 
LVN . DYX . S . R . I . A . TH . ET . EL . 

878. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1766. 

879. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1768. 

880. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1770. 

881. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1773. 

882. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1774, 

and initials l . c . r. 

883. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1778. 

7 



98 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

884. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1779. 

885. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1780, 

and initials c . E . s. 

886. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1781. 

887. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1782. 

888. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1783. 

889. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1785. 

One Twenty -fourth Thaler. 

890. : Running horse, with the date under, 1760. 

i?: 24 I EINEN 1 THAL : ] i . a . s . in four 
lines, NACH DEM EEICHES FUS ^> 

891. As last, but initials i . w . s . 

892. Similar to No. 890, excepting date, which is 

1761. 

893. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1764. 

894. : Running horse, with date under, 1814. 

B'. 24 1 EINEN 1 THALER | c in four lines, 
NACH DEM REICHES FUSS ^ 




895. 0: f.^.m monogram crowned, CONVEN- 

TIONS— MUNZE. 
R: 24 I EINEN I THALER | 1817 | h . in five 
lines. 

896. Similar to last, but dated 1818. 

Marien Groschen. 

897. : y. '^ . in monogram crowned, i . w . s . under. 
R: II MARIEN I GROS | 1762 in four lines, 

NACH DEM REICHS FUS ^ 

898. Similar to last, but date 1763 and legend ends 

FYS. 



GEORGE III. 99 

899 : "^ . i^ . in monogram crowned, i . a . p . under. 
R: ^1^1 MARIEN I GROS: ] 1764 in four 
lines, K . GR . BRIT . und . C . F . BR . 
LVN . LAND . M 3^ 

900. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1705. 

901. Similar to No. 898, excepting date, which is 

1766. 

902. Similar to No. 898, excepting date, which is 

1768. 

903. Similar to No. 897, excepting date, which is 

1769. 
.904. Similar to No. 897, excepting date, which is 

1770. 

905. Similar to No. 899, excepting date, which is 

1770. 

906. Similar to No. 899, excepting date, which is 

1771. 

907. Similar to No. 897, excepting date, which is 

1775. 

908. Similar to No. 899, excepting date, which is 

1777. 

909. Similar to No. 898, excepting date, which is 

1778. 

910. Similar to No. 897, excepting date, which is 

1781. 

911. Similar to No. 897, excepting date, which is 

1784. 

912. Similar to No. 897, excepting date, which is 

1785. 

913. Similar to No. 897, excepting date, which is 

1700, and initial c. 

914. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1701. 

915. Similar to No. 897, excepting date, which is 

1793, and initials p . l . m. 
016. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1797. 

917. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1799. 

7 * 



100 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

918. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1802, 

and legends ends FUSS. 

919. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1803, 

and initials g . r . m. 

920. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1804. 

921. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1814. 




922. 0: ^ . il^ . m monogram crowned, CONVEN- 

TIONS-MUNZE. 
R: 1 I MAEIEN | GROS . | 1816 . | h . in five 
lines. 

923. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1817. 

924. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1818. 

Six Pfennige. 

925. : -^ . ^-^ . in monogram crowned, i . w . s . 

under. 
B: Orb and cross inscribed (VI), NACH DEM 
REICHS FUS 1763. 

926. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1764. 

Four Pfennige. 

927. : -^ . ^ . in monogram crowned, i . w . s . under. 

B : nil I PFENN I 1761 in three lines, NACH 
DEM LEIPZIGERFUS^ 

928. : As last. 

R : nil I PFENN I 1762 in three lines, NACH 
DEM REICHS FUS ^ 

929. : As before, i . a . p . under monogram. 

R ■■ nil I PFEN . I 1763, in three lines, K . GR . 
BR . UND C . F . BR . LVN . LANDM .^ 

930. vSimilar to No. 928, excepting date, which is 

1763. 

931. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1764. 



GEORGK III. 



101 



932. Similar to last, excepting date, wliicli is 17G5. 

933. Similar to No. 929, excepting date, which is 

17G5. 

934. Similar to No. 929, excepting date, which is 

1766. 

935. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1770. 

936. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1772. 

937. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1775, 

and initials L . C . R. 

938. Similar to No. 928, excepting date, which is 

1776. 

939. Similar to No. 929, excepting date, which is 

1779, and initial c. 

940. Similar to No. 928, excepting date, which is 

1780. 

941. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1784. 

942. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1785. 

943. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1787. 

944. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1791, 

and initial c. 

945. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1792. 

946. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1793, 

and initial p . L . M. 

947. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1797. 

948. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1799. 

949. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1802, 

initial c and legeud ends FUSS. 

950. : ^ . H^ . in monogram crowned, g . f . m . under. 
B : nil I PFEN : I 1804 in three lines, NACH 

DEMREICHS FUSS^ 

951. Similar to No. 948, but dated 1814. 

952. Similar to last, but dated 1815, and initial h. 




102 



ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 







R 



954. 
955. 



•^ . ^ . in monogram crowned, CONVENT- 

MtJNZE. 
nil I PFENN . I 1816 I H . in four lines. 
Similar to last, but dated 1817. 
Similar to last, but dated 1818. 



A synopsis of the principal silver coins of George III. 



With the 


King's 


Bust. 


With the 


Wild Man. 


Thalee 


2 
• 3 


1 
3 


1 
6 


Thaleb 


2 
• 3 


1 
3 


1 
6 


1773. 


1772. 


1774. 


1773. 


1764. 


1762. 


1764. 


1762. 


1774. 


1773. 


1778. 


1776. 


1765. 


1763. 


1765. 


176.3. 


1776. 


1774. 


1779. 


1778. 


1775. 


1764. 


1767. 


1764. 


1777. 


1775. 


1782. 


1779. 


1776. 


1765. 


1768. 


1767. 


1778. 


1776. 


1785. 


1780. 




1767. 


1770. 


1768. 


1779. 


1778. 


1786. 


1782. 




1768. 


1772. 


1769. 


1780. 


1781. 


1789. 


1784. 




1769. 


1774. 


1770. 


1786. 


1782. 


1790. 


1786. 




1770. 


1775. 


1772. 


1791. 


1786. 


1791. 


1787. 




1771. 


1776. 


1773. 


1792. 


1787. 


1793. 


1789. 




1772. 


1777. 


1774. 


1797. 


1788. 


1794. 


1792. 




1774. 


1782. 


1775. 


1801. 


1789. 


1795. 


1794. 




1775. 


1783. 


1776. 




1790. 


1796. 


1795. 




1776. 


1784. 


1778. 




1791. 


1797. 


1796. 




1777. 


1785. 


1780. 




1795. 


1798. 


1797. 




1778. 


1786. 


1781. 




1796. 


1800. 


1798. 




1779. 


1787. 


1782. 




1797. 


1803. 


1799. 




1780. 


1788. 


1783. 




1799. 


1804. 


1800. 




1781. 


1789. 


1784. 




1800. 




1802. 




1782. 




1785. 




1801. 




1803. 




1783. 




1786. 




1802. 




1804. 




1784. 




1788. 




1813. 




1807. 




1785. 




1789. 




1814. 








1786. 
1787. 
1788. 
1789. 




1790. 
1791. 
1792. 
1793. 
1794. 
1795. 
1797. 
1798. 
1799. 
1800. 
1804. 



GEORGE IV. 



103 



With St. Andbew. 


ThKBE ABE NO LABGE PIECES 








OF Geoege III. 


WITH THE 


Thaleb. 


1 
3 


1 
6 


Running Hoese 




1761. 


1764. 


1761. 






With 


1762. 


1766. 


1762. 






LABGE 
FBACTION. 


1763. 


1779. 


1764. 


XXIV GEOSCHEN. 


2 


1764. 


1781. 


1768. 






3 


1765. 


1783. 


1769. 


1761. 


1782. 


1801. 


1766. 


1784. 


1771. 


1762. 


1783. 


1802. 


1767. 


1790. 


1780. 


1763. 


1784. 


1803. 


1768. 


1793. 


1782. 


1764. 


1785. 


1804. 


1769. 


1804. 


1785. 


1765. 


1787. 


1805. 


1770. 




1786. 


1767. 


1788. 


1806. 


1771. 




1789. 


1768. 


1789. 


1807. 


1772. 




1790. 


1769. 


1790. 


1813. 


1773. 




1804. 


1770. 
1772. 
1773. 
1774. 
1775. 
1776. 
1777. 
1778. 
1779. 
1780. 
1781. 


1791. 
1792. 
1793. 
1794. 
1795. 
1796. 
1797. 
1798. 
1799. 
1800. 


{Pattern.) 



A few dates will be found here which came to hand too 
late to be included in the body of the work. 



George IV. 1820-30. 

Two-third Inhalers. 

956. : Bust to left, c. under, GEORGIUS IV . D . G . 

BRITANN & HANNOV . REX . F . D . 
2 
a : -^ in centre n . d . leipziger fusse feines silber . 

in a curve under. BRUNSVICENCIS & 

LUNEBERGENSIS DUX . 1822. 

957. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823. 

958. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1824. 

959. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1825. 

960. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1826. 



104 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

9G1. 0: Bust to left, smaller than before. GEORG IV . 
D . G . BRIT . & HANNOV . REX F . D . 
BR . & LUN . DUX. 
B: x ^^ *^® centre with b . under. 18 STUCK 
EINE MARK FEINE . 1826. 

962. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1827. 

963. Similar to No. 955, excepting date, which is 

1827, and with c under bust. 

964. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1828. 

965. Similar to No. 961, excepting date, which is 

1828. 

966. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1829. 

967. Similar to No. 956 excepting date, which is 

1829. 

Half-Thaler. 

968. : Running horse xx . eine . p . | mark . in two 

straight lines under, GEORGIUS IV. D . G . 
BRITAN . & . HANNOV . REX ^ 
R: ^ l6 ^ I GUTE I GROSCHEN 1 CON- 
VENTIONS 1 MUNZE in five Hues, and 
in a curve under fein silbee. BRUNS- 
VICENSIS . & . LUNEBURGENSIS . 
DUX . 1820 ^ 

969. : Similar to last. 

U: * 16 ^ I GUTE I GROSCHEN | CONV. 
MUNZE 1 EEiN . siLBER . in five lines, 
BRUNSVICENSIS . & . LUNEBURGEN- 
SIS . DUX . 1820^ 

970. : Running horse xx . e . p . mark . in a curve 

under, GEORGIUS . IV . D . G . BRITAN . 
ET . HANNOV . REX. 
B: 16 I GUTE I GROSCHEN in three lines, 
CONY . MUNZE . FEIN siLB . in a curve under, 
BRUNSVICENSIS ET LUNEBURGEN- 
SIS DUX . 1821. 



GEORGE IV. 



105 




971. As last, but legeud BlUTANN . ET HANNOV 

REX. 

972. : As last. 

R: 16 I GUTE 1 GROSCHEN 1 1822. in four 
lines, FEiNES silber in a curve under, BRUNS- 
VICENSIS ET LUNEBURGENSIS DUX. 

973. (Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823. 

974. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1824. 

975. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1825. 

976. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 182G. 

977. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1827. 

978. ■ Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1828. 

979. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1829. 

980. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1830. 



One-sixth Thaler. 

981. 0: 6 1 EINEN I THALER | 1821. in four lines. 

KON . HANNOV . CONVENT-MUNZE. 
It : Running horse, b . under, 80 EINE FEINE 

MARK. 



Three Groschen. 

982. 0: 3 1 MARIEN | GROSCHEN | 1820. in four 

lines. KON . HANNOVERSCHE . CON- 
VENTIONS-MUNZE. 
li : Running horse l . b . under. 160 EINE FEINE 
MARK. 

983. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1821. 



106 ANGLO-HANUVERIAN. 

984. : 12 I EINEN [ THALER | 1822. iu four lines. 

KON . HANNOV . CONVENT-MUNZE. 
B : As 982. 

985. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823. 

986. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1824. 

One Twenty-fourth Thalers. 

987. : -^ . ^ . in monogram, crowned iv. under, 

CONVENTIONS-MUNZE. 
R: 24: \ EINEN I THALER | 1826 | b . in five 
lines. 

988. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1827. 

989. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1828. 

Four Pfennige. 

990. : '^ . i?^ . in monogram, crowned iv. under, 

CONVENT MUNZE. 
R : IIII I PFENN . I 1822 | b . in four lines. 

991. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1824. 

992. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1826. 

993. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1828. 

994. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1830. 



WILLIAM IV. 1830-37. 

Thalers. 

995. 0: Bust to right, b. under, WILHELM IV 

KOENIG V . GR . BRIT . U. HANNOVER. 
R: Shield No. 12, date under 18—34. EIN 
THALER XIV EINE F . M. 

996. 0: Bust to right, a . under, WILHELM IV 

KOENIG V . GR . BRIT . U . HANNOVER . 
R: 1 I THALER | 1834, in three lines XIV EINE 
FEINE MARK FEINES SILBER. 



997. 



WILLIAM IV. 107 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 




998. : As No. 996. 

R: Shield No. 12, EIN THALER XIV EINE 

F . M. FEINES 1835 SILBER. 

999. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1836. 
lOUO. Similar to No. 996, excepting date, which is 

1836. 

1001. Similar to 998, excepting date, which is 1837. 

Two-third Thaler. 

1002. : Arms within a garter, crowned. WILHEL]\I 

IV . V . G . G . KONIG V . GROSS BRIT . 
IRL . u . HANNOVER . 



R 



1003. 
1004. 







R: 

Hal/Thalers. 
1005. 0: 

R: 



— in the centre. NACH DEM LEIPZIGER 

FUSSE above, FEINES 1832 SILBER 
below. 

Similar to last, excepting date, Avhich is 1833. 

Bust to right. A small w on the neck, 
WILHELM IV . V . G . G . KOENIG . v . 
GR . BRIT . IRL . u . HANNOV. 

As No. 1002, but with a small a under the frac- 
tion in the centre. 

Running horse, WILHELM IV . v . G . G . 

KONIG . D . V . R . GROSS BR . i- . IRL .^ 
16 I GUTE I GROSCHEN | 1830 | feines 

SILBER in five lines, KONIG V . HANNOV . 

HERZOG . Z . BRAUN . U . LUNE. 



108 ANGLO-HANOVEEIAN. 

1006. : Similar to last, but with xx . E . f . mark in 

a curve under liorse. 
B: 16 1 GUTE I GROSCHEN | 1830 infourlines, 
PEiNES siLBER in a curve under KONIG V. 
HANNOVER . HERZOG Z . BRAUNS . U . 
LUNEB. 

There is a variety of this, with dotted rim, 
and from different dies. 

1007. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1831. 

1008. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1832, 

and initial a. under date. 

1009. Similar to No, 1006, excepting date, which is 

1833, and legend on R : ends LUNE- 
BURG. 

1010. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1834. 

One-sixth Thaler. 

1011. : Bust to right, WILHELM IV . KOENIG V . 

GR . BRIT . U . HANNOVER^ 
R: Shield No. 12, VI . EINEN THALER 
LXXXIV . EINE F . M . 1834. 

1012. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 

1013. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1836. 

One-twelfth Thaler. 
N^1014. : Similar to last, but with a small b. under bust. 
R: 12 1 EINEN I THALER | 1834 in four lines, 
CLXVIII EINE FEINE MARK justirt. 

1015. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 

1016. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1836. 

1017. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1837. 

One -twenty -fourth Thaler. 

1018. : Horse on a shield crowned, KON . HANNOV . 

SCHEIDE-MUNZE. 
R: 24 1 EINEN 1 THALER I 1834 I B. in five 

lines. 



GKORQE T. 100 

1019. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 

1020. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 183G. 

1021. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1837. 

Nos. 1019 and 1020 have as initials both a . 
and B. 
Four Pfennige. 

1022. : Horse on a shield crowned, KON . HANNOV . 

SCHEIDE-M. 
R: 4 1 PFENN. I 1834 | b . in four lines. 

1023. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 

1024. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1836. 

1025. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1837. 



CoppEE Coins. 

GEORGE 1. 1714-27. 

102G, : ^ . d^ , 'iJ^ ,\n monogram crowned. (For George 
Lewis Rex.) 
n- *1A<» I PFENNING I SCHEIDE | MUNTZ 
I 1713 in five lines, cg^ under date. 

1027. Similar to last, but stars instead of quatrefoils 

by the 1 \, and nothing under date. 

1028. Similar to last, but with a star under date. 
1(»29. Similar to No. 1026, excepting date, which is 

1721. 

1030. Similar to No. 1026, excepting date, which is 

1722. 

1031. 0: -^ . ^ . crowned. 

R: *1* I PFENNING | SCHEIDE | MUNTZ 
1717 in five lines. ^ under date. 

1032. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1719. 

1033. Stars instead of quatrefoils, date 1722. 

1034. Similar to No. 1033, but with a rosette under 

date. 



1 1 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

1035. -^ . ^ . crowned, h . c . b . under. 

It: ^\'%> I PFENNING I SCHEIDE | MUNTZ 
I 1723. In 5 lines. A rosette under date. 

1036. : Wild man and tree, e . p . h . under. 

B: ♦leg. I PFENNING | SCHEIDE | MUNTZ 
I 1 724. In 5 lines. 




1037. Similar to No. 1036, excepting date, which is 

1725. 

1038. : St. Andrew and cross. 

i? : jf. 1 hH PFENNING I SCHEIDE ] MUNTZ | 
1725. 

1039. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1726. 

1040. Similar to last, excepting roses in place of stars. 

1041. Similar to No. 1036, excepting date, which is 

1726. 



GEORGE II. 1727-60. 

1042. 0: ■^ , ^ , crowned, c . under. 

R: l\\ PFENNING | SCHEIDE | MUNTZ | 
1750. In five lines. 

1043. Similar to No. 1042, but V instead of H in 

MUNTZ. 

In describing the Pfenninges, as there are a large number 
of varieties, I shall divide them into three parts or types, 
giving the royal cypher first, then those bearing St. Andrew, 
and afterwards those with wild man. 



GEORP.R 11. Ill 

1044. : -^ . ^ . crowned, c . p . s . under. 

A': ♦!* I PFENNING | SCiIP][DE | MUNTZ 
I 1729. In 5 lines. 

1045. Similar to last, but no initials on obverse under 

the monogram, rosettes instead of quatrefoils 
on reverse. 1732. 




1046. Similar to last, no initials, on obverse, stars of 

six rays, quatrefoils on reverse. 1733. 

1047. Similar to No. 1044, quatrefoils by side of 

numeral. 1731. 

1048. Similar to last, stars of six rays by side of 

numeral. 1 734, 

1049. Similar to last, stars of six rays, 1736. 

1050. Similar to last, but no initials on obverse, stars 

of six rays. 1 739. 

1051. Similar to last, but no initials on obverse, a 

rose under date. 1740. 

1052. Similar to last, initial s . only, stars of six rays. 

1741. 

1053. Similar to last, initial s . only, stars of six rays. 

1742. 

1054. Similar to last, initial s . only, roses. 1743. 

1055. Similar to last, c . p . s . on obverse, stars on 

six rays. 174k 

1056. Similar to last, quatrefoils. 1745. 

1057. Similar to last, c . p . s . on obverse, quatre- 

foils. 1745. 

1058. Similar to last, stars of six rays. 1745. 

1059. Similar to last, quatrefoils. 1746. 

1060. Similar to last, stars. I 71-7. 



112 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

lOGl. Similar to last, quatrefoils, a rosette under date. 

1748. 
1062. Similar to last, quatrefoils. 1749. 

10G3. Similar to last, quatrefoils. 1750. 

1064. Similar to last, s . ou obverse, stars. 1752. 

1065. Similar to last, i . w . s . on obverse, rosettes. 

1753. 

1066. Similar to last, quatrefoils. 1753. 

1067. Similar to last, s . on obverse. 1754. 

1068. Similar to last, but with quatrefoils on each 

side I . w . s . as well as at the sides of 
numeral on reverse. 1754. 

1069. Similar to No. 1067, quatrefoils. 1755. 

1070. Similar to last, numeral on reverse, quatre- 

foils. 1756. 

1071. Similar to last, i . w . s . on reverse, rosettes. 

1757. 
Similar to last, i . w . s . on reverse. 1758. 
Similar to last, i . w . s . on reverse. 1759. 
St. Andrew bearing his cross. 
c8^1c8^ I PFENNING | SCHEIDE | MUNTZ 

I 1729. In 5 lines. 
Similar to last, but rosettes in place of quatre- 
foils. 1732. 
Similar to last, but rosettes in place of stars. 

1734. 
Similar to last, but rosettes in place of stars. 

1739. 
Wild man and tree, with branches on both 

sides, E . P . H . under, 
i? : * 1 ;{. I PFENNING ] SCHEIDE | MUNTZ ) 

1730 in 5 lines. 

1079. Similar to last, but initials i . a . b . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1732. 

1080. Similar to last, but initials i . A . b . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1737. 



1072. 




1073. 




1074. 







R 


1075. 




1076. 




1077. 




1078. 






GEORGE III. 113 

1081. Similar to last, but initials i . b. h . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1741. 

1082. Similar to last, but initials i . b . n . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1742. 

1083. Similar to last, but initials i . b . h . and quatrc- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1743. 

1084. Similar to last, but initials i . b . h . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1 745. 

1085. Similar to last, but initials i . b . h . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1747. 
108G. Similar to last, but initials i . b . h . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1749. 

1087. Similar to last, but initials i . B . H . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1752. 

1088. Similar to last, but initials i . B . h . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1 754. 

1089. Similar to last, but initials i . b . h . and quatre- 

foils on sides of numeral. 1755. 

1090. Similar to No. 1081, excepting date, whicli is 

1756. 

1091. Similar to No. 1081, excepting date, which is 

1758. 

1092. Similar to No. 1081, excepting date, and a 

rose under date. 1759. 

1093. Similar to No. 1081, excepting date, and a 

rose under date. 1700. 



George III. 1760-1820. 

Four Pfenninges. 

1094, : St. Andrew with bis cross, c . under. 

i^: 4 I PFENNING | SCHEIDE | MUNTZ | 
1792, in five lines. 

1095. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1794, 

and initials r . l . m, 

8 



114 



ANfiLO-HAXOVERIAN. 



1096. : -^ . 7\^ . crowned, p . l . m under. 

i?: 4 I PFENNING I SCHEIDE | MUNTZ 
1 794, in five lines. 

1097. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1795. 

1098. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 179G. 




Two Pfenninges. 

1099. Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Date 1794. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Date 1796. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Date 1797. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Date 1798. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Date 1799. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Date 1800. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Initial c. only. Date 1801. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Initials g . f . m. Date 1802. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Date 1803. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Date 1804. 
Similar to No. 1096, excepting in size and value. 

Date 1807. 



1100. 
1101. 
1102. 
1103. 
1104. 
1105. 
1106. 
1107. 
1108. 
1109. 



nKOircK III. 11.', 

1110. 0: -^ . ?J . crowned. The date under. 1817. 

R : A five-leaved rose on each side, numeral on 
Rev. 

1111. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1818. 

One and a half Pfenninges. 

1112. : -^ . ^^ . crowned, c . under. 

7?: 1^ I PFENNING | SCHEIDE | MUNTZ | 
1792. 

1113. Similar to htsf, but p . l . m . under cypher. 

In the arrangements of the Pfenninges a similar division 
will be made to those in the previous i^eign. 



1114. 0: -^j . K ■ crowned, i 


. w . s . under. 




B: 11 PFENNING | SCHEIDE | MUNTZ. 1761. 


1115. 


Similar to last, but 1 PFENN : and date 1762. 


1116. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1763. 




1117. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1764. 




1118. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1765. 




1119. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1767. 




1120. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1768. 




1121. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1769. 




1122. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1770. 




1123. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1771. 




1124. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1772. 




1125. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1773. 




1126. 


Similar to No. 1115. 


Date 1774. 




1127. 


I . w . s . over the crown, not under. 


1775. 


1128. 


I . w . s . over the crown, not under. 


1776. 


1129. 


I . w . s . over the crown, not under. 


1777. 


1130. 


1 . w . s . over the crown, not under. 


1778. 


1131. 


1 . w . s . over the crown, not under. 


1779. 


1132. 


With I . w . s . over 
Date 1780. 


crown, not under 


' cypher. 


1133. 


With I . w . s . over 
Date 1781. 


crown, not undei 


' cypher. 



116 ANGLO-HANOVERIAN. 

1134. With I . w . s . over crown, not under cypher. 

Date 1782. 

1135. With I . w . s . over crown, not under cypher. 

Date 1783. 

1136. With I . w . s . over crown, not under cypher. 

Date 1784. 

1137. With I . w . s . over crown, not under cypher. 

Date 1785. 

1138. With I . w . s . over crown, not under cypher. 

Date 1786. 

1139. With I , w . s . over crown, not under cypher. 

Date 1787. 

1140. With I . w . s . over crown, not under cypher. 

Date 1788. 

1141. With I . w . s . over crown, not under cypher. 

Date 1789. 

1142. With I . w . s . over crown, not under cypher. 

Date 1790. 

1143. With c . under cypher, nothing above. Date 

1790. 

1144. With c . under cypher, nothing above. Date 

1791. 

1145. With c . under cypher, nothing above. Date 

1792. 

1146. With p . L . M . under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1793. 

1147. With p . L . M . under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1794. 

1148. With p . L . M . under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1795. 

1149. With p . L . M . under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1796. 

1150. With p . L . M . under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1797. 

1151. With p . L . M . under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1798. 



GKUKGE 111. 



117 



1152. 

1153. 

1154. 

1155. 

1156. 

1157. 
1168. 
1159. 



1160. 
1161. 
1162. 
1163. 
1164. 

1165. 
1166. 
1167. 
1168. 
1169. 
1170. 
1171. 





li: 



With p . L . M . under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1799. 
With p . L . M . under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1800. 
With c . only under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1801. 
With c . only under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1802. 
With c . only under cypher, nothing above. 

Date 1803. 
With c . only under cypher. Date 1804. 
With c . only under cypher. Date 1806. 
With c . only under cypher. Date 1814. 




on rev. 



on rev. 



Date on ob. under cypher. 
Date on ob. under cypher. 
Date on ob. under cypher. 
Date on ob. under cypher. 



Initial c . on rev. 

1817. 
Initial . on rev. 

1818. 
Initial C 

1819. 
Initial C 

1820. 
St. Andrew bearing his cross, i . w . s . under 
1 I PFENN: I SCHEIDE ] MUNTZ | 1780. 
vSimilar to last, excepting date, which is 1781. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1782. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1783. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1784. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1785. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1786. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1787. 



118 



AN(iLO-HAXOV BRIAN. 



1172. 
1173. 
1174. 
1175. 0: 

1176. 

1177. 

1178. 

1179. 

1180. 

1181. 

1182. 

1183. 

1184. 

1185. 

1186. 
1187. 
1188. 
1189. 
1190. 
1191. 
1192. 
1193. 
1194. 
1195. 



Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1788. 
Similar to last, initials p . l . m . 1793. 
Similar to last, but dated 1794. 
Wild man and tree, i . b . h . under. 
^1^ \ PFENNING 1 SCHEIDE \ MUNTZ 

I 1762, in five lines. 
Similar to last, but i . a 

1763. 
Similar to last, but i . a 

1764. 
Similar to last, but i . a 

1765. 
Similar to last, but i . a , 

1766. 

. p . under wild man, and date, 



on obv. and date 

on obv. and date 

on obv. and date 

on obv. and date 



With I 

1768. 
With I 

1769. 
With I 

1770. 
With L 

1774. 
With L 

1775. 
With L 

1776. 
With L 
With h 
With c 
With c 



C . K 



under wild man, and date, 
under wild man, and date, 
under wild man, and date, 
under wild man, and date, 
under wild man, and date, 



O.K. under wild man, and date, 1777. 

u . c . under wild man, and date, 1778. 

K . s . under wild man, and date, 1 780. 

E . s . under wild man, and date, 1781. 
With c . E . s . under wild man, and date, 1783. 
With c . E . s . under wild man, and date, 1 784. 
With c . E . s . under wild man, and date, 1785. 
^Vith c . under wild man, and date, 1788. 
With p . L . M . under wild man, and date, 1792. 
With p . L . M . under Avild man, and date, 1794. 



GKORGK IV. 



119 



1196. With I' . L . M . under wild man, and date, 1795. 

1197. With p . L . M . under wild man, and date, 1790. 

1198. With G . p . M . under wild man, and date, 1804. 



George IV. 1820-30. 

Four Pfenninges- 

1199. 0: -^ . ^ . crowned, 1827 under. 

ii: 4 I i'FENNING I SCHEIDE 

in five lines. 
Tteo Pfenninges. 



MUNTZ 1 c. 



1200. 




Similar to last, 
Roses on rev. 


excepting in size 
, 1821. 


and value. 


1201. 




Similar to last. 


No roses, 1822. 




1202. 




Similar to last. 


No roses, 1823. 




1203. 




Similar to last. 


No roses, 1824. 




1204. 




Similar to last. 


No roses, 1820. 




1205. 




Similar to last. 


No roses, 1827. 




120(5. 




Similar to last. 


No roses, 1828. 




1207. 




Similar to last. 


No roses, 1829. 




1208. 




Similar to last. 


No roses, 1830. 




1209. 




Similar to last. 


No roses, 1830. 




Pfenninges. 








1210. 


0: 


•d . '^ . crown e 


d c. under. 





R: ^ 1 ^ PFENNING | SCHEIDE 
1821. 

1211. Similar, but date 1822. 

1212. Similar, but date 1823. 

1213. Similar, but date 1824. 

1214. Similar, but date 1825. 

1215. Similar, but date 182G. 
12 IG. Similar, but date 1827. 

1217. Similar, but date 1828. 

1218. Similar, but dale 1829. 

1219. Similar, but date 1830. 



MUNTZ 



120 ANGLO-HANOVEUIAN. 

1220. With B on B: aud date on 0: under cypher, 

182G. 

1221. Similar to hist excepting date, which is 1828. 




1222. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1829. 

1223. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1830. 



. William IV. 1830-37. 
Four Pfenninges. 

1224. : "©^ . ,% . in double cypher crowned, 1831 . 

under. 
R: 4 1 PFENNING | SCHEIDE | MUNTZ 1 c. 
In 5 lines. 

Two Pfenninges. 

1225. Similar to last, excepting in size and value, 

1831. 
122G. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1833. 

1227. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1834 

1228. Similar, but having iv. under cypher and date 

on rev. 1834. 

1229. : Shield with running horse on it, crowned. 

KON : HANNOV. SCHEIDE . MUNZE. 
R: 2 1 PFENNING | 1835 | a. In four lines. 

1230. Similar, but date 1836. 

1231. Similar, but date 1837. 
Pfenninges. 

1232. Similar to No. 1224, excepting in size and 

value, 1831. 

1233. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1832. 

1234. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1833. 



WILLIAM IV. 



121 



1235. Similar to last, but with initial b., 1833. 

1236. Similar to last, but with initial A., 1833. 

1237. Similar to last, but with initial a., 1831. 

1238. Similar to No. 1228, excepting in size and value, 

with IV . under cypher, 1834. 

1239. Similar to No. 1229, excepting in size and 

value. Initial a . on rev., 1835. 

1240. Similar to last. Initial a . on rev., 1836. 

1241. Similar to last. Initial a . on rev., 1837. 

1242. Similar to last. Initial b . on rev., 1835. 

1243. Similar to last. Initial b . on rev., 1836. 

1244. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1837. 

1245. : Running horse not on a shield. WILHELM . 

HERZOG ZU . BR . U . LUEN . 
B : c%>l^ I PFENNING | SCHEIDE ] MUNZE 1 
1830. In five lines. 

1246. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1832. 




1247. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 183i. 

1 am indebted to an article in the Num. Cli. vol. i. N. S., 
by the Rev. Henry Christmas, for several dates and varieties 
of these copper coins. 



EAST FRIESLAND. 

The ancient Frisia, formerly governed by its own Counts. 
On the death of Prince Charles Edward in 1744, it became 
subject to the King of Prussia. It was annexed to Holland 
in 1806, and to the French Empire in 1810.. In 1815 it 
was annexed to Hanover, and so its coins for a short time 
come within the scope of this work. 
Two Stivers. 

1. : "^ . ^X . crowned, iv under. 

R: 2 1 STUBER I osT | FRIESISCH \ 1823 [ 
B . in six lines. 
Silver, 

2. : '^ • H. • crowned, iv . under, 

E: 11 STUBER I GST I FRIESISCH | 1823 | 
B . in six lines. 
Half-Stiver. 

3. : ^ • H, • crowned, iv . under. 

li: \\ STUBER I OST I FRIESISCH | 1823 | 
in five lines. 

(Quarter Stiver. 

4. : -^ . ^ . IV . crowned. 

li: 1 1 STUBER I osT I FRIESISCH 1 1823 | 

4 under. 

5. Similar to last, excepting with a 5 under date. 

6. : As last. 

B: \ \ STUBER 1 ost | FRIESISCH | 1824 in 

five lines. 

7. As last, but dated 1825. 



BBUNSV/ICK-^WOLFENBUTTEL. 
The Duchy of Bruuswick was in 1409 divided into two 
branches ; that of Brunswick-Luneburg (from which came 
George I. of England) and Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel. This 
latter had for its Duke William Frederick, who, com- 
mandiug the avant-garde at Waterloo under Wellington, 
was there killed on June 16th, 1815, and who was succeeded 
by his eldest son, Charles Frederick William. He, being 
a minor, was placed under the guardianship of George, 
as Prince Regent, and also as George 1\'. until 1823, when 
the young Duke assumed the government. 

Under these circumstances it has been thought advisable 
to include the coins of this State between 1815 and 1823. 
Although they can scarcely be classed as belonging to the 
series of English dependencies, still, being found with the 
name and title of the sovereign upon them they might 
otherwise somewhat puzzle the inexperienced collector. 

Gold Coins. 

Ten Thalers 

1. : Crowned shield of arms. GEORGIVS D . G . 

PRINC . KEGENS 
R: * X * I THALER | -MHlT-f j k . r . | ^ in 
Hve lines. TVTOR . NOM . CAROLI DVCIS 
BRVNS ET L YN ^ 

2. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1818. 

3. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1819. 

Five Thalers. 

4. : As before. 

R: ^V^ I THALER I -J-iSlO-f | f . k . | -f 1 
in five lines. TVTOR . NOM . CAHOLl 
DVCIS ]i\\ . KT L\'N ^ 



124 BRtJNSWlCK-WOLFENJiUTTEL. 

5. Similar to last^ excepting date, wMch is 1817. 

6. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1818. 

7. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1819. 

8. 0: Crowned shield as before. GEOEG . IV . 

D . G . EEX . BEITANN. 

R: ^V^ I THALER | ^1822-f | C . v . C . | ^ 
in five lines, legend as No. 4. 

9. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823. 

Two-and-a-HaJf Thalers. 

10. : As before. 

R • ^2\^ I THALER I -^ 1816 ♦^ | f . r . | -j- in 
five lines, legend as No. 4, but ending ET 
LV * 

11. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1818, 

and legend ends L VN ^ 

12. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1819. 

13. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1822, 

and initials C . v . C. 



Silver Coins. 

Twenty -four GroscJien. 

14. : Crowned Shield of Arms. GEORGIVS D . G . 

PRINC . REGENS. 
R: ^24^ I MARIEN | GROSCH. ] c8.1816c8. | 
F . R. I FEiNES siLBER | In six lincs, the 
lower one curved. TUTOR . NOM . CAROLI 
DVCIS BRUNS . ET LVN ^ 

15. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1817. 

16. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1818. 

17. 0: Crowned shield as before. GEORGIVS IV . 

D . G . REX BRITANNIAR. 
R : Similar to No. 14, excepting date, which is 
1820, and initials under m . c . 



GEORGE IV. 



125 




18. 
19. 

20. 



Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1821. 
Similar to last, excoptiirj;' date, which is 1822. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823. 



One-Tioelfth Thaler. 

21. : Running horse. GEORG . D . G . P . R . 
TVT . N . CAROLI . D . BR . ET L . * 
R'. ^12 ^ I EINEN I THALER | *M816•^ | 
P . R . in five lines. CLX EINE FEINE 
MARK CONVENT M . * 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1817. 
: Horse as before. GEORG . IV . D . G . R . 
TVT . N . CAROLI . D . BR . ET . L ifi^ 
R : As before, but initials in fifth line of legend 
M . c . and date 1820. 
Similar to last, but initials C . v. C . and date 

1821. 
Similar to last, date 1822. 
Similar to last, date 1823. 



22. 

23. 



24 

25. 
26. 



One Twenty-fourth Thalers. 

27. : Running horse. GEORG . IV . D . G . R . T . 

N . CAROLI . D . BR . ET . L. 
R: ^24^ I EINEN I THALER | -^1820 •^ 
I M . c . in five lines. BRAUNSCH . 

LUNEB . LAND MUNZE^ 

28. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1821, 

and initials C . v . C. 



1 2(1 BRUNSWICK-WDLFKNl'.UTTEL. 

20. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823, 

and initials C . V . C. 

Marien Groschen. 

30. : Running horse, p . r. under. GEORG- . T . 

N . CAROLI D . BR . * 
B: ^I^ I MARIEN I GROSCH. |^ 1819^1 
♦^ in five lines. DIV EINE FEINE MARK 
CONVENT . M . * 

Six Pfenniries. 

31. 0: Running horse, p . r . under. GEORG . T . 

N . CAROLI D . BR . ET . L . ^ 
B: •^VI*^ ! PFENN: | ^ ISie.^^ | ^infour lines. 
DCLXXII EINE FEINE MARK CONV . 
M . * 

32. Similar to last, but dated 1819, and legend on 

: ends D . BR . * 

33. : Running horse. GEORG . IV . D . G . T . 

IV . CAR . D . BR . ET . L . * 
B : As before, but * 1 823 * [ C . v . C. 

Four Pfenniges. 

34. : As No. 31. 

B: -MIII^ 1 PFENN I ^ 1820 * | -f in four lines. 
MVIII E . F . MARK CONV . M . * 

35. : As No. 33. 

B : As last, but dated 1823. 



Copper Coins. 

Two Pfennigen. 

36. : Running horse. GEORG IV . D . G . R . 

TUT . N . CAROLI D . BR . ET L . * 
B : 'MR I PFENNING | SCHEIDE | MVNZE | 

"f 1820 'J* I M . c . in six lines. 

37. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823, 

and initials C , V . C. 



GEORfiR TV. 127 

Pfennige. 

38. : Running horse, f . r . under. GEORG . T . 

IV. CAROLI D . BR . ET L . * 

i?: -M^- I PFENNING I SCHEIDE | MVNZE | 
1816. 

39. Similar to last, but legend on : reads 

GEORG . P . R . T . N . CAROLI D . 
BR . ET . L . * 

40. Similar to No, 38, excepting date, which is 

1817. 

41. Similar to No. 38, excepting date, which is 

1818. 

42. As last, but legend on : ends D . BR . * 

43. Similar to No. 38, excepting date, which is 

1819. 

44. As No. 42, dated 1819. 

45. Similar to No. 38, excepting date, which is 

1820. 

46. Running horse. GEORG . IV . D . G . R . 

T . IV . CAROLI D . BR . ET L . * 

n- -M 4* I PFENNING I SCHEIDE I MVNZE I 
1820 I M . C . in six lines. 

47. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1822, 

and initials C . v. C. 

48. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1823. 






COINS AND TOKENS 



OF THE BRITISH POSSESSIONS 



IN 



ASIA, 



INCLUDING 



Bombay, 

Bengal, 

Madbas, 

The Indian Empire, 

Ceylon, 

SUMATEA, 

Malacca, 



Pbnang, 

Straits Settlements, 
Java, 

Hong Kong, 
Labuan, 

BOENEO, 

Sabawak, 



AND MaUEITIUS. 



INDIA. 

The first commercial intercourse of the Englisli with 
India was a private adventure of three ships, which were 
fitted out in 1591. 

The information brought home gave rise to another 
voyage_, and ultimately to the establishment of a company, 
whose first charter was granted by Queen Elizabeth in 1600. 
Other companies were chartered in 1698 and in 1702, until 
in 1708 the New East India Company was established. 
This continued to increase in power and size till 1858, when 
the Government of India was transferred to the Crown, 
under a Council of State, when the Company's political 
power ceased, and the Queen was proclaimed on November 
1st, 1858, as Queen of Great Britain and the Colonies. 
This title was altered in 1877 to Empress of India. 

Of the coins of the native princes of India it is not in our 
province to speak, although they are intimately connected 
with those of the company. In fact, in some instances 
such as the "Surat" rupee for Bombay, the "Sicca" 
(current) for Bengal, and the " Arcot " for Madras, the 
coins of the latter were exact copies of the former. 

It will be necessary to mention, however, for the better 
understanding of what has to follow, that there were until a 
very recent period (even if not at present) two distinct 
monetary systems prevailing in India, the Hindu and the 
Mussulman, and although the former has become extinct 
throughout the greater part of Hindustan, by the pre- 
dominance of the Mussulman power, it is still found in the 
coins in use in several petty states of Southern India. 

The unit of the Hindu system is of gold, and is called 
''Hun" or " Hoon," which word in the old Carnatic 
tongue signifies gold. The name of this coin amongst 



INDIA. 1-'j1 

Europeans is " Pagoda" a Portuguese appellation derived 

from a pyramidical temple, which forms the device on one 

side of it. The Hindu name for it is " Varaha." The Hun 

or Pagoda was subdivided into Fanams, or, more properly, 

Panam ^ •TT Faluce or Faloos, and Cash or Kas ^'^ thus — 

20 Cash = 1 Faluce. 

80 Cash = -1 Faluce = 1 Fauam 

3360 Cash = 168 Faluce = 42 Fanams = 1 Pagoda. 

The unit of the Mussulman system is the silver Rupee, 
there being nominally 16 Rupees to the gold Mohur; but as 
the weight and quality of the latter varied from time to 
time, we find practically that from 14 to 16 Rupees was the 
value of a Mohur. The Rupee is subdivided into Annas 
(which is a money of account only) and Pysas, or Pice, and 
Pie, thus — 

3 Pie = 1 Pysa (or Quarter Anna) 
12 Pie = 4 Pysa = 1 Anna 
192 Pie =64 Pysa = 16 Annas = 1 Rupee 

The coins of the Hindu system — viz. Pagodas and 
Fanams — seem to have been confined to the Madras presi- 
dency, whilst on the other hand the coins of Bombay and 
Bengal were Rupees, Annas, and Pice. 

The earliest coins for the East Indies were either struck 
at our own mint by our monarchs, or coined by their 
authority. Of the former kind were the '^Portcullis" 
pieces of Elizabeth struck in 1600-1. During the reign of 
Charles II. the company began by authority from the 
Crown to strike coins for their factory at Bombay, all of which 
bore either the name, or some reference to, the sovereign. 

The first money coined in the East Indies was at Bombay 
in the year 1671, when the Com't of Directors gave instruc- 
tions to their servants to establish a mint, and a few years 
later this measure was sanctioned by the Crown. A clause 
in the charter granted 26 Charles II., dated October 5th, 1677, 
empowered the company " to stamp money at Bombay, 
which money should be current wherever the company's 

9 * 



132 INDIA. 

privilege of trading in tlie East extended, to be called 
Eupees, Pice, and Badgrooks, to bear any seal or impression 
as the company shall think proper, so that such money 
shall not be called, or bear any impi^ession of, any money 
such as was usually current in the Realm of England/-' 
The first record of a regular mint at Bombay is about the 
year 1738, and the coins struck then were of like character 
to those of the native Surat mint; but about 1790 machinery 
like that in use at the royal mint in London Avas introduced, 
and the Rupees thenceforward were carefully stamped, and 
bore the entire legend. Other improvements were made in 
1800, in 1828, and again in 1832. 

The copper coins for Bombay were from an early period 
fabricated in England, many being struck at the Soho 
works by Messrs. Boulton and Watt. Since the construc- 
tion of the new mint at Bombay in the year 1832 they have 
been struck there, bearing the company^s arms on one 
side, and a pair of scales with the word Add Jj^^ (Justice) 
between, on the other. 

The establishment of an independent coinage in Bengal 
was of much later date. Until the year 1757 the only 
indulgence granted to the company was the privilege of 
having bullion converted into coin at the mints of the 
Nawab of Bengal, which were at Dacca, Moorshedabad, and 
Patna. After the taking of Calcutta in 1757 a mint was 
established there, although they still continued to imitate 
the native currency. 

But at last there were so many kinds of Rupees in 
existence, all differing in weight and fineness, and causing 
so much trouble and loss, that the company resolved in 
1773 to remedy this evil by declaring that all Rupees 
coined for the future should be of the standard weight of 
180 grs., should bear the same date (the 19th of Shah Aulum, 
the then king of Delhi), and the same inscription ; and 
this continued the practice until 1835, although Shah Aulum 
died in 1786, and the inscription still stated they were 



INDIA. 



133 



struck at Moorsliedabad, wliere no mint had existed for 
very many years. 

The mints at Dacca and Moorshedabad were abolished in 
the year 1793, and mints wore established at Benares and 
Furrakabad subordinate to that at Calcutta. The Furruka- 
*ad mint was abolished in 1825, when one was established 
at Sagur in its place, and that of Benares was abolished 
in 1830. 

For the Madras Presidency Pagodas, Fanams, &c., were 
coined about the year 1671 at Fort St. George, and in the 
charter of 2 James II., dated April 12th, 168G, full power 
was given to the company to coin any money such as was 
usually coined by the native princes of that country. 
(Which, taking into consideration that King James had 
no shadow of authority there, was a very pretty bit of 
assumption on his part.) 

The first notice of a mint being established is in the year 
1743, at Arcot, the capital of the Nawab of the Carnatic. 
The Arcot Rupee was exceedingly rude, and the legend 
rarely entire ; but in 1807 the mint was removed to Madras, 
and a great improvement was made in the machinery, and 
in that and the following year a large number of copper 
coins were struck having the Christian Era in Persian 
numerals ; these were double, single, and half Faloos or 
Faluce. Meanwhile a great improvement had taken place 
in the silver coinage, and we now find the Rupee with its 
divisions as well struck as those of Calcutta or Bombay, 
and with a neatly milled edge. In the year 1811 a coinage 
of double Rupees, together with their divisions, took place 
from Spanish Dollars, and specimens may be found of the 
double Rupee in which the old impression of the Dollar 
may still bo traced, not being entirely obliterated in the 
re-striking. Also in the same year pieces of half and 
quarter Pagodas were struck together with five, two and 
one Fanams. These continued to be coined until 1818, 
when still further improvements were introduced, and 



134 INDIA. 

the Rupee with its half and quarter, was struck with an 
indented cord milling; and this, with the exception of a 
coinage of Arcot Kupees with their divisions at the Calcutta 
mint which took place in 1823-5, remained the case until, in 
1835, they all gave way to the company's Rupee which now 
commenced being issued for the whole of India. This 
bears the bust of William lY. on the obverse, and on the 
reverse its value in English and Persian. On the accession 
of the Queen the type was only altered so far as regards 
the obverse, of which there are two kinds (with continuous, 
and with divided legends), and the introduction of a silver 
piece of two Annas. 

When in 1862 the Government of India became vested 
in a Council of State, the legend of " East India Company'' 
upon the reverse gave way, and an elegant scroll border 
took its place; and, lastly, in 1877, when the title of 
Empress of India was assumed, this title was placed upon 
the obverse of the coins of each denomination. 

A copper coinage also of half, quarter, and one-twelfth 
Annas was commenced in 1862, which in 1877 had the 
same alteration. 



e 



-P— -T ..^ T -f,r^-. 




THE ARMS, SUPPOBTERS, &C. OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY 



BOMBAY PBESIDENCY. 

The gold and silver coins of this Presidency are close 
imitations of the "Sural " Rupee which was copied by the 
company from 1733 to 1780. It has as a distinguishing 
mark the year f^ (46) and as a mint-mark, a kind of 
star [see illustration to No. 20). Very few, however, are to 
be found on which the whole, or any considerable portion 
of the legend, can be found, as the piece of silver from 
which the coin was struck was almost invariably smaller 
than the die. By an agreement with the Nawab of Surat 
the coins struck by him were to circulate at par with those 
issued by the company, and they were mutually pledged to 
preserve their standard. The ISTawab's Rupees, however, 
were soon found to contain 12, and even 15 per cent, of 
alloy, and as a result the coinage of silver in the Bombay 
mint was suspended for twenty years. In 1800 there was 
an issue of silver coins struck at Calcutta for Bombay, 
as well as at the latter place, which are better formed than 
the preceding, and bear the whole, or nearly the whole of 
the lesrend, but are otherwise similar. From 1818 to 1825 
the same were coined with an upright milled edge, and 
from 1825 to 1835 they have a plain edge and dotted rim. 
The following is the complete legend in Persian and its 
translation : — 

1215. The lucky coin of the great Emperor 
Shah Aulum. 

Struck at Surat in the forty-sixth year of 
his propitious reign. 



136 INDIA. 

Gold Coins. 
Mohurs. 

1. : A shield within an inner circle, ENGrLISH 

EAST INDIA COMPANY. 
R : BOMBAY I 1765 in two lines, with an orna- 
ment above and below. 

2. : BOMBAY | 1770 | 15 Rups in three lines, with 

an ornament above and also on each side. 
R : Persian inscription. 

Hal/MoJiur. 

3. Similar to No. 1, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Mohur. 

4. Similar to No. 1, excepting in size and value. 

There is a variety in die of this latter piece. 
Mohur. 

5. : Persian inscription, " The lucky coin of the 

great Emperor Shah Aulum 1215." 
R : Ditto. Struck at Surat in the forty-sixth year 
of his propitious reign. 
Half Mohur. 

6. Similar. 

Quarter Mohur. 

7. Similar. 

These are struck with an upright milled edge. 
Mohui\ 

8. Similar to No. 5, excepting that it has a plain 

edge and dotted rim. 
Half Mohur. 

9. Similar. 
Quarter Mohur. 

10. Similar. 

The weight of these mohurs is 180 grains, 
and their legal value 15 rupees. The half 
and quarter in duo proportion. 



Rupees. 

11. 

R 



Half Rupee. 
12. 

Rupee. 
13. 0: 

B: 



14. 



R: 



bombay presidency. 
Silver Coins. 



137 



Shield of arms between two wreaths. 
PAX DEO in two lines within a beaded circle, 
MONETA BOMBAIENSIS. 




There are several varieties in the position 
and form of letters of the legend on the 
reverse of this piece. 

Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Shield of arms as No. 11, but without the 
wreaths. 

1673. C . R . in two lines. 

This curious piece, which is in the British 
Museum, is struck on a thin piece of silver, 
and is evidently a pattern for a rupee. 

A shield within a beaded circle, HON : SOC : 
ANG : IND : ORI : 

MON I BOMBAY | ANGLIc | REGIMs | A? 
7? in five lines within a beaded circle. A : 
DEO: PAX: & INCREMENT VM. 




There are several slight variations in the 
form and positioD of letters on reverse of this. 



138 INDIA. 

15. 0: THE | RVPEE OF | BOMBAIM ] in three 

lines with two roses under, 1678. BY. AVTHO- 
RITY . OF. CHARLES. THE . SECOND^ 
B: Royal shield crowned. KING . OF . GREAT . 
BRITAIN . FRANCE . & IRELAND. 

16. 0: Similar to No. 11. 

B : PAX : DEO in two lines within a beaded circle, 
BOMBAIENSIS . MONETA : 1687 : 




17. The old "Sural" Rupee, a very rudely struck 

and ill-formed coin, only showing a small 
part of the legend. Struck, in all probability, 
from 1773 to 1780. These can only be 
distinguished by the date, which is f^ (46) and 

a mark thus ' , * 




Half Rupee. 

18. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
(Quarter 'Rupee. 

19. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

There are similar pieces without the star 
and which simply have four dots, thus v {See 
illustration to No. 17.) These were probably 
those struck by the Nawab of Surat. 



BOMBAY PRESIDKNCy. 



1:^9 



20. 



The improved " tSurat " Rupee, showing more of 
legend and better struck, coined both at Cal- 
cutta and Bombay, 1800 to 1818. Those struck 
at Bombay bear as mint-mark a small crown. 




Half Rupee. 

21. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

22. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

23. The "Suraf Rupee with upright milling as 

coined from 1818 to 1825. 




Half Rupee. 

24. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Quarto' Rupee. 



25. 



26. 



Half Ruj'cc. 
•>7 



Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

These have as a mint-mark an arrangement 
of dots which assumes nearly the form of a 
fleur de lis, thus '. ; 

In the year 1825 the old " Surnt" rupees were 
coined with a small crown on the obverse in 
the place of one of the dots, and a label on 
the reverse with the date incuse (1825) 

Similar, excepting in size and value. 



140 



INDIA. 



Quarter Rupee. 



28. 

Rupee. 

29. 



Similar, excepting in size and value. 



Similar to No. 23, but with a smooth edge and 

dotted rim; this was coined at the Bombay 

mint from 1825 to 1835. The figures of the 

year of reign are better formed than on 

No. 23. 
Half Rupee. 

30. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee, 

31. Similar, excepting in size and value. In these three 

latter pieces the mint-mark is a fleur de lis. 



Pice. 
32. 

33. 



R 



Cash. 

34. 
R 

Pice. 

35. 



R 



Copper Coins. 

Similar to No. 14 M, and most probably from the 

same dies. 
MOET 1 BOMBAY | ANGLIC 1 REGIM | 

A- D= 9. in five lines within a beaded circle. 

HON : SOC : ANG : IND : OKI : 
Shield of arms within a beaded circle, A : 

DEO : PAX : & INCEEMENTVM : (1669 ?) 





An orb and cross inscribed 78 (1678 ?) 
Rudely formed Native characters. 

The company^s bale-mark, a heart-shaped shield 
with a 4 over it, having in its four compartments 
V. E. I. C. for United East India Company. 

A lion rampant (1714 ?) 



BOMBAY PRESIDENCY. 



141 



36. 



37. 



38. 



0: 
R: 



R: 



R 



39. 0: 

R: 

Half Pice 
40. 



The company's bale-mark as before. 

A balance with Ja£ {Adel = justice) between 

the scales. 
The company's bale-mark, but with a crown 

instead of 4 above the heart-shaped shield. 
A balance with ^Aj^ between the scales. 

A crown, with two stars on either side of the 

cross at top. 
. . SPIC . I REGIS E . I SENAT . . AN | 

NGLIC in four lines. 
A crown, with G . R . at sides of cross at top, and 

BOMB under. 
AUSPICIO I REGIS ET | SENATUS | AN- 

GLI-^ in four lines. 



Similar, but showing less of the legend. Although 
a smaller coin, the dies from which it was 
struck appear, in some instances, to have been 
larger than the preceding. 

There are varieties of j^ice and half pice 
differing both in shape and size of crown, and 
also in form and position of letters of legend. 
Double Pice. 
41. : A crown with G-R and BOMB as before. 

R : AUSPICIO I REGIS ET 1 SENATUS | AX- 
GLIiE I 1728, in five lines. 




42. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1730. 

43. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1733. 

44. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1737. 



142 INDIA. 

Pice. 

45. : A crown with G-E and BOMB as before. 
R : The company's bale-mark. 

HalfFice. 

46. Similar. 
Pice. 

47. 0: A crown with G-R and BOMB as before, with 

the date under 1773. 
R : The company's bale-mark. 

48. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1783. 

49. : The company's bale-mark. 
R: The date only 1729. 

50. Similar to preceding, dated 1731. 

51. Similar to preceding, dated 1734. 

52. Similar to preceding, dated 1739. 

53. Similar to preceding, dated 1742. 

54. Similar to preceding, dated! 743. 

55. Similar to preceding, dated 1752. 

56. Similar to preceding, dated 1802. 

Half Pice. 

57. Similar, date 1741. 

58. Similar, date 1759. , 

59. Similar, date 1802. 

60. Similar, date 1803. 

Quarter Pice. 

6 1 . Similar. At present I have been unable to 

discover any dates. 

There are possibly other dates of the yice 
and half pice than those given. 
Pice. 

62. : The bale-mark as before. 

R: I I PICE I BOMB I 1773 in four lines. 

There are several varieties, differing in size 
and form of letters. 

63. Similar to preceding, but dated 1777. 



BOMBAY PRLSIDKXCY 



143 



Half Pice. 

64. : The bale-mark as before. 

Double Pice, or 20 Cash. 

65. : The company's bale-mark, 1791 under it. 

R : A balance, with Adel ( = Justice) between the 
scales. 




Fifteen Cash. 

QQ. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Q>1. Similar to last, excepting that the line of bale- 

mark is a thick single line, whereas all the 
others are fine double lines. 

68. There is another variety, evidently a pattern, 

with much smaller scales. 
Ten Cash. 

69. Similar to No. 65, excepting in size and value. 
Five Cash. 

70. Similar to No. 65, excepting in size and value. 
Twenty Cash. 

71. Similar to No. 65, excepting date, which is 1794. 
Fifteen Cash. 

72. Similar to No. 66, excepting date, which is 1794. 
Ten Cash. 

73. Similar to No. 69, excepting date, which is 1794. 
Five Cash. 

74. Similar to No. 70, excepting date, which is 1794. 

There are gilt and bronzed proof sets of each 

date. 
Pice. 

75. 0: The company's bale-mark, 1791 under. 

R: A balance, with Atjel ( ='Justice) between the 
scales. 



144 



INDIA. 



Half Pice. 
76. 



Four Pice. 
77. 0: 

R: 

78. 
79. 

Double Pice. 

80. 

81. 
82. 
83. 
84. 
85. 
86. 
87. 
88. 
89. 
90. 
91. 

Pice. 

92. 

93. 
94. 
95. 
96. 
97. 
98. 
99. 
100. 



Similar, excepting in size and value. 

These two pieces are hexagonal, not round 
coins. They are evidently patterns, and occur 
only as proofs, never having been issued. 

The company^s bale-mark, with the date under 

18-02. 
A balance, with "Adel" and a 4 between the 

scales. 
Similar to preceding, but dated 18-04. 
Similar to preceding, but dated 18-09. 



Similar to 

18-02. 
Similar to 
Similar to 
Similar to 
Similar to 
Similar to 
Similar to 
Similar to 
Similar to 
Similar to 
Similar to 
Similar to 



preceding, a 2 over " Adel" date 



last, excepting 
last, excepting 
last, excepting 
last, excepting 
last, excepting 
last, excepting 
last, excepting 
last, excepting 
last, excepting 
last, excepting 
last, excepting 



date, which 
date, which 
date, which 
date, which 
date, which 
date, which 
date, which 
date, which 
date, which 
date, which 
date, which 



is 18-03. 
is 18-04. 
is 18-08. 
is 18-09. 
is 18-12. 
is 18-13. 
is 18-16. 
is 18-25. 
is 18-26. 
is 18-27. 
is 18-29. 



Similar, excepting size and value, date 1802. 

"Adel" only between scales. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18-03. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18-04. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18-08. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18-10. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18-13. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18-15. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18-16. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18-18. 



BOMBAY PRESIDENCY. 



14^ 



101. 

102. 
103. 
104. 
105. 
106. 
107. 

JSalfFiee. 

108. 

109. 

110. 

111. 

112. 

113. 

114. 

115. 

116. 

117. 

Quarter Pice 

118. 
119. 



Similar 
Similar 
Similar 
Similar 
Similar 
Similar 
Similar 



to last, 
to last, 
to last, 
to last, 
to last, 
to last, 
to last, 



excepting 
excepting 
excepting 
excepting 
excepting 
excepting 
excepting 



date, 
date, 
date, 
date, 
date, 
date, 
date, 



which is 
which is 
which is 
which is 
which is 
which is 
which is 



18-19. 
18-21. 
18-25. 
18-26. 

18-27. 
18-28. 
18-29. 



Similar, 
Similar, 
Similar, 
Similar, 
Similar, 
Similar, 
Similar, 
Similar, 
Similar, 
Similar, 



dated 18-02. 
dated 18-03. 
dated 18-05. 
dated 18-08. 
dated 18-16. 
dated 18-18. 
dated 18-21. 
dated 18-25. 
dated 18-27. 
dated 18-29. 



Double Pice. 
120. : 

B: 



Similar, dated 18-21. 

Similar, dated 18-25. 

These pieces from No. 77 to 119 are thick 
ill-shaped coins, and of very rude workman- 
ship. It is quite possible that there are other 
dates than those given. 

The company^s arms, supporters, &c. EAST 

INDIA COMPANY, 1804. 
A balance with " Adel" between the scales 

and the Hegira date under in » (=1219.) 




146 



INDIA. 



Pice. 

121. 

MalfFice. 
122. 



Pice. 
123. 0: 

124. 

Half Pice. 
125. 

126. 



Half Anna. 
127. 0: 



Similar, excepting ia size and value. 

Similar, excepting in size and value. 

There are gilt, bronzed, and copper proofs 

of this set. 

The company's bale-mark, with the date 18-20 

under. 
A balance with ^7 »^f {^='paissa or pice) 

between the scales, tvz^ under. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18-21. 

Similar, dated 18-20. 

Similar, dated 18-21. 

These four pieces are evidently of Native 
workmanship, and the characters on the R : 
under the balance are intended doubtless for 
the date in Persian and English figures mixed. 

The company's arms, supporters, &c. EAST 

INDIA COMPANY, 1834. 
A balance with " Adel " between the scales, 

HALF ANNA above ) rpH (=1249) below. 




128. Similar to preceding, but the legend on B: is 

in smaller letters half anna. 

129. Similar to preceding, but the letters smaller still 



HALF ANNA 



BOMBAY PRESIDENCY. 1 17 

Quarter Annas. 
v^l30. : The company's arms, supporters, &c. EAST 
INDIA COMPANY, 1830. 
R : The balance, &c., as before, quarter anna in 
medium size letters t rf i (= 124G) under. 

131. Similar to last, date on : 1832, on B: i rf 1 

(= 124G), legend on R : in small letters. 

132. Similar to last, date on 0: 1832, on R: i rpv 

(= 1247), legend in medium size letters. 

133. Similar to last, date on 0: 1833, on R: irf=i 

(= 121-9), legend in large size letters. 

134. Similar to last, date on 0: 1833, on R : irr=i 

(= 1249), legend in small letters. 
One Pie or One-Twelfth Anna. 

135. 0: The company's arms, supporters, &c., the date 

under, 1831. 
R : The balance as before, pie over in small letters, 
I rf T (= 1246) under. 

136. Similar to last, date on 0: 1833, on R: i rfA 

(= 1248), legend on R: in small letters pie. 

137. Similar to last, but legend on R : in larger 

letters pie. 




Lead Coins. 
Two Cash. 

138. : Shield of arms between two wreaths, similar to 

No. 11, iR. 

R: 2 above 75. (1G75?) See Neumann, No. 

19801. This piece is exceedingly rare. 
Double Pice. 

139. : A crown, G-R above, BOMB under. 

R: AUSPICIO I REGIS ET | SENATUS | 
ANGLI-^ in four lines, with an ornament 
above and below. 

10 * 



148 



INDIA. 




Pice. 
140. 



Double Pice. 

141. 

142. 
143. 
144. 
145. 
146. 
147. 

Pice. 

148. 
149. 
150. 
151. 

"Half Pice. 
152. 0: 
0: 
Quarter Pice. 
153. 



Similar, excepting in size and value. 

There are several varieties of these two 
pieces differing in size, shape, and arrange- 
ment of letters, &c. 

Similar to No. 139, but with date in place of 

bottom ornament 1717. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1732. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1741. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1742. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1748. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1761. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1771. 

Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1717. 
Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1741. 
Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1743. 
Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1771. 
There may be dates other than those given. 

The company's bale-mark. 
\ J PICE in two lines. 

Similar excepting in size and value. 



BENGAL PRESIDENCY. 

The only gold coins are the old and new standard 19th 
sun or " Sicca " Mohurs or " gold Rupees " as they are 
sometimes called, they are similar to the silver Rupees, and 
most probably from the same dies. 

The old standard have oblique milled edges, and weigh 
190 grs. 

The new standard have an upright milled edge, and weigh 
204 grs., but being of a lower degree of fineness, are worth 
no more than the old ; that is 16 sicca Rupees. 

Of the silver Rupees there are many varieties. The earliest 
are very rude coins struck in the Dacca, Moorshedabad, and 
Patna mints, they show a part only of the legend and are 
difficult to distinguish with precision from the native issues, 
these were struck from 1757 to 1773. 

An improvement was effected in the latter year, and one 
date only appears on all struck afterwards — viz. the 19th 
sun ; these are called " Sicca," that is " current " Rupees, as 
they were declared to be the only ones to be allowed to pass. 

In ] 792 improvements were introduced in the mint at 
Calcutta, and the legend is now, for the first time, found 
entire, and an oblique milling is introduced; this in 1818 
gave way to the straight milling which was in use until 1832, 
from which time to 1835 the edges are plain. 

Coins for the western provinces were struck at the mint 
of Furruckabad from 1803 to 1819 with oblique milled edge, 
from 1819 to 1882 with a straight milling, and from the 
latter year to 1835 the edge is plain. 

The Furruckabad coins, however, were struck from 1825 to 
1835 at Benares and Sagur, and not at the former mint 
which was abolished in 1825. 



J 50 



INDIA. 



The coins struck at Sagur prior to 1825 have the name 
of the place on them in small Eoman capitals. 

The Benares coins from 1013 to 1819 have an oblique 
milled edge, those from 1795 to 1812 have the same rude 
character as the other early issues. From 1819 Furruckabad 
coins were struck at the Benares mint until 1830, in whicli 
year the mint was abolished. 



Gold Coins. 

Old standard Mohur. The following is the legend in 
Persian and its translation : — 
1. : JlSi (-::-siajJ J; d^ td^ J«d) i^\^ vX4.s'*^,jJ ^^ \s>. 

Defender of the Mohammedan faith. Reflection 
of Divine excellence, the Emperor Shah Aulum 
has struck this coin to be current throughout 
the seven climes. 

Struck at Moorshedabad in the year 19 of his 
fortunate reign. 

This has an oblique milled edge and weighs 
180 grains, and its half and quarter in 
proportion. 



E: 




Salf Mohur. 

2. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
(Quarter Mohur. 

3. Similar, excepting in size and value. 



BENGAL rKKSIDENCY. 



151 



Ncto Standard Mohur. 

4. Similar to No. 1, but with an upright milled edge 

and weighing 204 grains. The half and quarter 

in proportion. 
Half Mohur. 

5. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Mohur. 

6. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Silver Coins. 
Patna. 

7. Eupee of the Patna mint. Contains a small 

portion of the above legend, see No. 1, but 

may bo known by its mint-mark, a variety of 

the Tirsool or trident. 
Ma// Rupee. 

8. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Hupec. 

9. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Moorshedahad. 

10. The Moorshedahad Rupee is similar to No. 7, 

and may be distinguished from it by its mint- 
mark, a sun. This was struck with several 

years of the Hegira date, from 1757 to 1773. 
Salf Rupee. 

11. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

12. Similar, excepting in size and value. There are 

also pieces of two and one Annas, which are 
very scarce. 

These pieces were also struck at the Dacca 
mint, but so far as I know, without any distin- 
guishing mark by which they can be identified. 
Rupee. 

13. Similar to No. 10, but being the 19th sun only, 

this was adopted by the company as the 
standard (Sicca) rupee in 1773, and continued 
to be coined in this rude fashion until 1792. 
The mint-mark is a variety of the Phool, or 
star. (See ilhi.sfratio)i to Nu. 21.) 



152 



INDIA. 




Half Rupee. 

14. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

15. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Two Annas. 

16. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
One Anna. 

17. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

These smaller pieces of the Moorshedabad 

mint with the date of the 19th sun are 

exceedingly rare. 
Rup)ee. 

18. The Sicca Rupee of 1792-1818 has the entire 

legend and an oblique milled edge, and bears 
on its obverse the date t r • r (1202). 

19. Similar to last, but a wide toothing round the rim. 
Half Rupee. 

20. Similar to No. 16, excepting in size and value, 

and no date on obverse. 
Quarter Rupee. 

21. Similar but with the legend abbreviated and 

date on obverse tr»f (1204). 




Rupee. 
22. 



Nos. 18, 20, and 21, form a proof set without 
the rings of dots which appeared afterwards 
on the current coin. There is also a proof set 
with oblique milling, but the milling slants 
in the opposite direction. 

As above struck for ordinary currency. 



BENGAL rilESlDENCY. 153 

Half Rupee. 

23. As last, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

24. Similar. 
Rupee. 

25. The Sicca Rupee of 1818-1832 has an upright 

milled edge; it is otherwise similar to No. 18, 

excepting that it has no date ou obverse. 
Sal f Rupee. 

26. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

27. Similar, has the legend abbreviated and date as 

No. 21. 
Rupee. 

28. The Sicca Rupee of 1832-1835 is just similar in 

all respects to No. 25, excepting that it has a 

plain edge and a beaded rim. 
Half Rupee. 

29. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

30. Legend and date as No. 21. 

This set also occurs as proofs. 

Rupee. Benares. 

31. The Benares Rupee of 1795-1812 is a rudely 

formed coin, it bears part of the legend of the 

Moorshedabad coins and may be distinguished 

from them by its mint-mark, a Rooee, or fish. 
Half Rupee. 

32. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Rupee. 

33. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Two Annas. 

34. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

The Benares Rupee of 1813-1810 has an 

obliquely milled edge and has the following 

legend in Persian. The mint-marks are a fish, 

and a kind of flower, or knot, and it is dated 

irr^ (=1229). {See illustration.) 



15i 



INDIA, 




35. : Same as No. 1. 

Struck at Benares in the 49tli year of his 
fortunate reign. 
Salf Rupee. 

36. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Rupee. 

37. Similar but with the legend abbreviated. 

There are proof sets of Nos. 35, 36, and 37. 

Furruckahad. 
The Furruckahad Rupee may be known 
from its bearing the 45th sun (fc). It was 
struck from 1803 to 1819, with an obliquely 
milled edge, and has the following legend in 
Persian : — 

38. : Same as No. 1. 

Struck at Furruckahad in the year 45 of his 
prosperous reign. 




Half Rupee. 

39. Similar, excepting in size and value. 



BENGAL PKESIDKNCY. 155 

Quarter Rupee. 

40. Similar, but the legend is abbreviated, and it 

bears date t r«f (= 1204). 

Rupees with upright milled edges were 

struck at Furruckabad from 1810 to 1824, at 

the Benares mint from 1819 to 1830, and at 

the Sagur mint from 1825 to 1832. There is 

no means of assigning any special pieces to 

any particular mint. 
Bupee. 

41. Similar in all respects to No. 38, but with an 

upright milled edge. 
Sal f Rupee. 

42. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Rupee. 

43. Similar, but with legend abbreviated and bear- 

ing date ir.f = (1204). 
Rupee. 

44. Similar to Ko. 38 in all respects, but with a plain 

edge. 

This was coined at the mints at Calcutta and 
Sagur from 1832 to 1835. 

45. Same as last, excepting a small crescent to the left 

on the top line of reverse. 

This is most likely a mint-mark to distin- 
guish between the two mints, but I am not 
confident as to its being so. 
Half Rupee. 

46. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

47. Similar, but having the crescent on the obverse, 

the legend on both sides is abbreviated as 
before, and it is dated same as No. 43. 

These are found as proofs. 

The two following rupees I suspect to be 
patterns, as I have only seen one of each; 
they are in the cabinet of H. Montagu, Esq. 



156 



INDIA. 



48. : Similar to tlie Sicca Kupee, but dated 1 1 ^a (1198) 

and having a small star as mint-mark. This is 
the mark of the Moorshedabad mint. 
B : Similar to the " Sicca/' but with the n (26th) 
year instead of the 19th. The edge is inscribed 
UNITED * EAST* INDIA* COMPANY* 
1784* 

49. : Shield of arms within a circle AUSPICIO . 

EEGIS . ET . SENATUS . ANGLIC* 
B : CALCUTTA | EUPBE | ^ l^ c^^ in three 
lines within a wreath of palm. 
Four Annas or Quarter Rupee. 

50. : The value in Persian ^ S within a garter, 

inscribed FOUR . ANNAS- 
B : The value in Telugi within a ribbon with forked 
ends, which is inscribed with the value in 
Tamuli ; there is a five-pointed star between 
the forks. 



Two Annas. 
51. 0: 

B: 



The value in Persian within a circle, inscribed in 
script character ^6D6 aK>t(2j^. 

The value in Telugi in a circle, the value in 
Tamuli round outside circle. 

These two are doubtless patterns, and judg- 
ing from their similarity in type to the Five 
and Two Fanams pieces coined at Madras in 
the year 181 1, they were most likely fabricated 
about that same time. The latter I beheve to 
be unique. It is in the cabinet of J. G. 
Murdoch, Esq. 



Copper Coins. 

Two Annas. 

52. : Patna | Poft | Two Ann! | 1774. 

in four lines. 
B : The value in Persian ^^b^ . ijt^b f^ 



BENGAL PRRSIDENCY. 



157 



One Anna. 
53. 

Half uinna. 
54. 0: 



Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Persian characters; ^U iUj ii^c 



.b = The 



Emperor Shah Aulum 1195 (= 1780). 



Quarter Anna. 



Persian Characters 
year of his reign. 



lT 



rr ,U = In the 22nd 



55. 

Pie. 

56. 



Half Anna. 
57. 0: 



R 



Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Similar, excepting in size and value. 

These pieces vary much in size and weight, 
and there are possibly four denominations 
instead of three. 

Persian characters, isLiijlj JU itl rv ^^1=^^ = 

In the 37th year of the Emperor Shah Aulum. 

The value [One Pal Sicca) in Bengalee, Persian, 

and Nagree characters J\'^ «tT^ f^Wt ^\j lIXj 

aL^ XRi m^ ^^T in three lines. 




Quarter Anna. 

58. 

Pie. 

59. 



Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Similar, excepting in size and value. 

These three pieces were struck by Messrs. 
Boulton and Watt, at their Soho Works, 
Birmingham, in 1782. They are struck in 
collar, and there are bronzed proofs of each, 
they weigh at the rate of 52 grs. to the pysa 
or Quarter Anna, 



158 INDIA. 

Half Anna. 

60. As No. 57, but not struck in collar. 

Quarter Anna. 

61. Similar to last, except in size and value. 
One Pie. 

62. Similar. 

These were coined at Calcutta from the year 
1795 to 1817, witli several reductions in 
weight from time to time, beginning at the 
rate of 180 grs. to the pijsa or quarter anna in 
1795, which was reduced to 135 grs. from 
179G to 1809, when it was again reduced to 
101 oTs., at which it remained. The Half 
Anna and Pie are in similar proportion. 
Half Anna. 

63. Similar to last, but coarser work and with a 

trident as mint-mark. 
Quarter Anna. 

64. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

One Pie. 

65. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

These pieces struck at the Benares mint 
were intended at first for circulation in the 
province of Benares only and were distin- 
guished with a trident or tirsool, the symbol 
of Siva. They were made current through 
the Bengal provinces at par with the Calcutta 
and Furruckabad j)ysa in 1817. 
SalfAnna. 

66. Persian characters as before, but date of year 

fc (45). 

Quarter Anna. 

67. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

One Pie. 

68. Similar, excepting iu size and value. 

These are the coins of the Furruckabad 
mint, 



BENGAL TRESIDENCY. 



159 



One Pie. 
69. 0: 



The company's arms, supporters, etc. : ONE PIE 

above, 1809 below. 
The value (" One Pai Sicca ") in Nagree, Persian, 

and Bengalee. {See illusfrafion.) 




Half Pie. 

70. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

These are only met with as proofs, in gold,, 
silver, and copper, and were patterns for a 
coinage which was never issued. 
Quarter Pice. 

71. : C . G . (? For Calcutta Government) 1813. 
R: PI i CE 

Four Pie. 

72. : The company's arms, supporters, &c. 1824. 

R : Persian characters ^\j 1=^ irf • -wj =" Four Pai 
1240." t^ above, within a palm wreath. 

73. Similar to preceding excepting the date on : 

which is 1825. 




Two Pie. 

74. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

One Pie 

75. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 



160 



INDIA. 



One Pie. 

76. 



Half Anna. 
0: 



Pie. 

78. 



R 







B 



Half Anna. 
79. 0: 
B: 



J 80. 
81. 



Similar, excepting date whicli is 1833. 

There are several slight variations in the 
dies of these pieces. 

The value in English and Bengalee HALF | 

ANNA I ^1 '^•rf in three lines. 
The same in Persian j\ Ju^ and Nagree "^"^1 ^^T 

ONE PIE in two lines, the same under in 

Bengalee tii^ '^w 
The same in Persian ^[j i^\ and Nagree '^^ inl; 
These were coined at the Calcutta mint in 

1831. 




The company's arms, supporters, &c. 1833. 
HALF ANNA in two lines within a wreath 
^b^^ {Two Fed) over, EAST INDIA 

COMPANY. 

Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1835. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1845. 




There are bronzed proofs of Nos. 77-81, and 
a silver proof of No. 80. 



BENGAL PRESIDENCY. 101 

Quarter Anna. 
v/ 82. : The company's arms, supporters, &c. 1835. 

R : ONE QUARTER ANNA in tlircc lines, within 
a wreath ^\j i_jC; [one Pai) above, EAST 
INDIA COMPANY. 

This also occurs as a bronze proof. 
There are several variations in the dies ot 
this piece, principally on the reverse where 
considerable differences will be observed in 
the size of letters and shape of wreath. 
83. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1857. 

'^ 8 I-. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1858. 

There are slight varieties in the dies of 
the two latter pieces, and both occur as proofs. 
One-Tioclfth Anna. 
\/85. : The company's arms, supporters, &c. 1835. 

R: ^.j \ ANNA in two lines ^b e^b {one-third Pea') 
under, the whole within a wreath ; EAST 
INDIA COMPANY. 
"^ 80. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1848. 

Half Pice. 
87. : The company's arms, supporters, &c. 1853. 

R: i \ PICE in two lines, within a wreath ; EAST 
INDIA COMPANY. 



Tokens. 

Copper. 

88, : Bust of Queen to left, with coronet, neck bare, 
VICTORIA QUEEN. 
R : A round hole in the centre, ONE above, RUPEE 
below, surrounded with a wreath of palm. 
ANDAMAN TOKEN 1801. 

This token was most probably struck for 
use at the convict establishment, on Andaman 
Island, 

11 



162 

Brass. 
89. 0: 

R 



INDIA. 

A large round hole in centre, within a circle. 

GRAIN TOKEN | on e bupe e [ 
FAMINE ^ 1874 ^ 

For the use of relief fund during the famine 

in Bengal in 1874. 



?£f<^ 



MADEAS PRESIDENCY. 

Both the monetary systems of India appear to have been 
in use in this presidency at the same time, and we find 
Mohurs and Pagodas in gold, and Rupees, half and quarter 
Pagodas and Fanams in silver, being struck apparently at the 
same place and passing side by side. 

According to the catalogue of the Fonrobert collection, a 
quarter Real was sent out from England as early as the 
reign of James I. for this place ; and again in Charles II.'s 
time double and single Fanams were issued, although by 
some these pieces are assigned to Bombay, but this I think 
exceedingly improbable. 

The first Rupees were copies of the rude native work of 
the " Arcot " mint and were struck most probably from 
1758 (which agrees with the Mahomedan date tivr (1172) 
upon the coins) to 1811, from which year, to 1818, double as 
well as single rupees were struck with an oblique milled 
edge which, after that year, was altered to an indented cord 
milling which continued until 1835, these all have, as a 
distinguishing mark, the "Pudane" Lotus (or trefoil). 
During the years 1823-5 ''Arcot " rupees with their halves 
and quarters were struck at the Calcutta mint for the 
Dacca and Cuttack districts, having an upright milled edo-c, 
and bearing a rose as mint-mark. Half and quarter pagodas 
together with pieces of five, two, and one fanams were 
coined from Spanish dollars in 1811. 



Gold Coins, 

Star Pagoda. 
1.0: The god Swami. 

R : A five-pointed star within a triple row of dots. 
This weighs 52 grains, 

11 ^ 



161- INDIA. 




Double Pagoda. 

2. : A Pagoda, with nine stars on eacli side, within a 

garter, with a square buckle, inscribed with 
the value, in English and Persian, TWO 
PAGODAS. 
R : The god Swami, within a triple row of dots. The 
value in Tamuli, and Telugi, on a ribbon with 
forked ends, a star between the forks. 

3. Similar to preceding, but with an oval buckle on 

obverse. 

These double pagodas weigh 90 grains. 
Pagoda. 

4. : A Pagoda, with five stars on each side, within a 

garter as before, with square buckle. 
R : The god Swami as before, within a single row of 
dots. 




5. Similar to last, but with oval buckle on obverse. 

Mohur. 

6. : The company's arms, supporters, &c. ENGLISH 

EAST INDIA COMPANY. 
R : Persian characters = "One Mohur of the Honour- 
able English Company." [See illustration to 
No. 7.) 
Salf Mohur. 

7. 0: The company's crest, &c. ENGLISH EAST 

INDIA COMPANY. 
B : ]*ersian characters = ''Half Mohur of the Honour- 
able English Company." 



MADPA8 I'RESIDENCY. 



1G5 




One-third Mohur. 

8. : The company's shield and crest, legend as before. 
R : Persian characters =■- '' Five Rupees of the Honour- 
able English Company." 
One-quarter Mohur. 



9. 



Similar to No. 7, excepting in size and value. 

Mohurs with their halves and quarters were 
also struck from dies similar to the Arcot 
rupee, of which the following is the Persian 
legend and its translation : — 

" The lucky coin of the noble Monarch Azeezudeen 
Muhammed Aulumgeer/' (He was the father 
of Shah Aulum.) 

iM%i\^ 't.^^^^'^A^ t_J*T~^ "^ ^^"^ C^*Si) '—r^j-^ 

"Struck at Arcot in the 6th year of his propitious 

reign/' 
Half Mohur. 

11. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Mohur. 

12. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

These mohurs weigh 180 grains and their 
legal value is fifteen rupees, the half and 
quarter in due proportion. 



lUohur. 

10. 



B 



Silver Coins. 

Double Fanam. 

13. : Two Cs interhnked. 
B : The god Swami. 



166 



INDIA. 



Fanam. 

] 4. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

There are a number of slight variations in these 

pieces in the size and shape of the god, and in 

having or not having pellets on the reverse 

between the Cs. 
Three Fanams. 
15. : An orb and cross inscribed *^e^ within a beaded 

circle. 
R : Indian characters within a beaded circle, (^ee 

iilustration,) 




The date of this is assigned to about the year 
1720. Its weight is 50 grains and that of the 
two following in proportion. 

Double Fanam. 

16. 

Fanam. 



17. 

Rupee. 
18. 



Similar to last excepting in size and value. 
Similar, excepting in size and value. 



The old " Arcot " Eupee is a very rudely made 
and ill-shaped coin. It may be recognized at 
once by its mint-mark, a lotus flower {see 
illustration), and has a portion of the legend 
as on No. 10. The company issued this piece 
first about the year 1 758, and it most probably 
continued in circulation until the year 1811. 




MADRAS P1;KSIDENCV 



107 



Half 'Rupee. 

19. vSimilar to preceding, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

20. Similar to preceding, excepting in size and value. 
Tivo Annas. 

2 1 . Similar to preceding, exceptin g in size and value. 
One Anna. 

22. Similar to preceding, excepting in size and value. 

In the year 1811 a coinage took place of 

pieces of half and quarter pagodas, together 

with five, two and one fanams as follows : — 
Half Pagodas. 

23. : A Pagoda, with nine stars on each side, within 

a garter, inscribed in English and Persian 
HALF . PAGODA . .^_j^^ ^,y& ^.; 
R : The god vSwami, in a three-fold border of dots, 
the whole surrounded by a forked-end ribbon 
inscribed with the value in Tamuli and Telugi, 
a star between the forks. 

24. : A Pagoda with twelve stars on each side, 

within a forked-end ribbon, inscribed in 
English and Persian as before. 
B : The god Swarai, within a five-fold border of dots, 
legrend as before but no ribbon. 

These were struck from Spanish dollars, 
and traces of the former impression may be 
seen on some pieces. 

25. Similar to last, but with fifteen stars on each side 

of Pagoda. 




J 08 



INDIA. 



Quarter Pagoda. 

26. : A Pagoda with nine stars on eacli side within n 

garter with oval buckle, inscribed in English 
and Persian QUARTER . PAGODA ^^^\j 

B : The god Swami, within a two-fold border of dots, 
surrounded by a forked-end ribbon as on 
No. 23. 

27. Similar to last, excepting the buckle, which is 

square at one end. 

28. : A Pagoda as before, surrounded by forked- end 

ribbon inscribed in English and Persian as 
No. 26. 
R : The god Swami, within a three-fold border of 
dots, the legend not on ribbon. 
20. Similar to last, but with thirteen stars on each 

side of pagoda, and four-fold border of dots 
round the god. 



J^ive Fanams, 
30. 0: 

B 



The value in Persian ^J ^j within a garter with 
square buckle, inscribed FIVE FANAMS. 

The value in Telugi within a forked-end ribbon, 
inscribed with the value in Tamuli. A five- 
pointed star between forks of ribbon. 




31. Similar to last, but the buckle is square at one 

end, and round at the other. 

32. Similar, but with an oval buckle showing a cross 

tongue. 

33. Similar, but oval buckle has no cross tongue, and 

there is a dot betweeu FJVE . FANAMS. 



MADRAS PRESIIJENCY. 100 

34. Similar, but oval bucklo is formed of small beads. 

35. Similar, there is no buckle, but a cross baud in 

its place. 
3C. : The value in Persian within a circle. FIVE . 

FANAMS ••• outside circle. 
B : The value in Telugi within a circle, and in Tamuli 

outside circle. 
Double FaiKim. 

37. : The value in Persian Jj .^ within a garter with 

square buckle, inscribed DOUBLE FANAM. 
B: The value in Telugi within a forked-end ribbon 
inscribed with the value in Tamuli. A five- 
pointed star between the forks. 

38. Similar to last, but the buckle is obloug and 

smaller. 

39. Similar, square buckle with no tongue, but with 

a dot in the centre. 

40. Similar, but with a round buckle. 

41. Similar, buckle round at one end and square at 

the other. 

42. Similar, there is no buckle but a cross fold of the 

garter in its place. 

43. : The value in Persian within an inner circle. 

DOUBLE . FANAM •:• within an outer circle. 
B : The value in Telugi in the centre, the same in 
Tamuli above and below. There are no circles 
but a dot, and •:• divide the upper and under 
portions of the Tamul legend. 

44. : Similar to last, but the letters of legend are 

coarser and there is neither outer circle nor dots. 
B : The value in Telugi in the centre, the same in 
Tamuli above and below. There is the trace 
of a line (not a circle) around the Telugu 
legend, there are no dots. 

This is a thick coarse coin, as is also No. 43, 
and I suspect they were struck prior to the 
other pieces of this denominatiou. 



170 INDIA. 

Fa nam. 

45. : The value in Persian Jj within a garter with a 

round buckle, inscribed FAN AM. 

B : The value in Telugi within a forkocl-ond ribbon, 

inscribed with the same in Tamuli, a star 

between forks. 




46. Similar to last, but the buckle square at one end 

and round at the other. 

47. Similar, but with the buckle square. 

48. Similar, but a round buckle formed of beads. 

There are many other minor variations both 
of shape of buckle, position of dots, &c. in 
this series. I have only mentioned the most 
prominent. 
40. : A five-pointed star in centre, FAN AM above, and 
two small branches crossed below. 
R : A five-pointed star in centre, within a circle, the 
value in Telugi and Tamuli outside circle. 




50. Similar to last, but no branches under star on 

the obverse. 

These have the appearance of being of 
earlier work also. There is a Fanam ToJcen 
classed by some with this series, but which 
was struck for Ceylon. 

About this same time (1811) a coinage of 
double and single Eupees with their divisions 
also took place, which continued until 1822, 
of the *' Arcot" type with an oblique milled 
edge. There are many slight variations in the 
shape of the lotus flower mint-mark. 



MADRAS PRESIDENCY. 



171 



Double Rupee. 

61. Similar to No. 10, but bearing the date of tho 

year r (2) on the reverse. 

This is most likely an error on tho part of 
the die sinker or engraver, as all the other 
coins of this series have the year i (6). 




52. 



Rupee. 

53. 



Similar to last, but with the date of the 6th year 
correct. These pieces being struck over 
Spanish dollars usually show traces of the 
former impression. 



Similar to No. 10, bearing date on obverse 
t,vr (=1182). 
Half Rupee. 

54. Similar to last, except in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

55. Similar, but the legend is abbreviated. 
Tioo Annas. 

56. Similar, the legend still more abbreviated. 
One Anna. 

hi. Similar. Nos. 53-57 have a plain circle around 

the outer rim. 

During the years 1823-5 " lircot" rupees 
with their divisions were struck at the Calcutta 
mint for Madras, having an upright milled 
edge and bearing a rose mint-mark in place of 
the lotus flower, and have a dotted rim. 



Rupee. 

58. 

Half Rupee. 

59. 



Legend as No. 10. 



Similar, excepting in size and value. 



172 



INDIA. 



Quarter Rupee. 

GO. Similar, but the legend is abbreviated. 

TiL'o Annas. 

Gl. Similar, but the legend is still more abbreviated 

and oblique milled edge. 



One Anna. 

62. 



63. 



Similar to last. 

All these occur as proofs. 
From 1825 to 1835 "Arcots " were coined 
at Madras, with an indented cord milling and 
a beaded rim, with a lotus flower mint-mark. 
Eupee with legend as No 10 and above charac- 
teristics. 




A pattern of this occurs with an upright 

milled edge. 
Half Rupee. 

64. As last, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

65. Similar, but with legend abbreviated. 

These also occur as proofs. 



Copper Coins. 



Dudu or Faluce. 

^^. 



An orb and cross inscribed '-'e*^ within a beaded 
circle. 
R : Native characters as on No. 15 /R 

This may possibly be from the same dies as 
No. 1 5. It was quite usual in the early days of 
the East India Company to use the same dies 
for two diflfereut metals. 



MADRAS PRKSTDENCY. 



173 



Faluce = 20 Cash. 

67. : Orb and cross inscribed *^b^ within a border of 

rays. 
R : The date 1693 with a wavy line above and below, 
within a beaded circle. 

68. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 

1695. 

69. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1702. 

70. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1703. 

71. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1705. 

72. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1706. 

73. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1709. 

74. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1716. 

75. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1720. 

76. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1722. 

77. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1726, 

78. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1741. 

79. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 744. 

80. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1748. 

81. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1750. 

82. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1752. 

83. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1755. 

84. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1756. 

85. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1761. 

86. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1765. 

87. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1768. 

88. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1769. 

89. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1774. 

90. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1777. 

91. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1780. 

92. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1784. 

93. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1787. 

94. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1790. 

95. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1800. 

96. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1801. 

97. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1806, 



174 INDIA. 

Half Faluce. 

98. Similar to preceding, excepting in size and value, 

date 1702. 

99. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1705. 

100. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1720. 

101. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1742. 

102. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1755. 

103. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1758. 

104. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1784. 

105. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1782. 

106. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1786. 

107. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1802. 

108. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1804. 

There are most likely other dates than 
these in both sizes. 

Double Faluce = 40 Cash. 

109. : The value in Persian and English ^1^ JJj: ^ 

XL CASH with two lines between, dividing 

the legends, thus ■- 

B. : The value in Telugi and Tamuli. 

110. Similar, but legends on obverse divided by 

000000 C03 000000 

111. Similar, but legends on obverse divided by 

000 000 

Faluce = 20 Cash. 

112. : The value in Persian, and English XX . CASH 

divided by<([(r(I((^])])])D> 
R : The value in Telugi and Tamuli. 

113. Similar to last, but legends on obverse divided 

by < 000 ([ sg, ]) 000 > 
>/ 114. Similar to last, but legends on obverse divided 

by <oo([^])oo> 
115. Similar to last, but legends on obverse divided 

Ijy <: ooooiS^oooo 5» 



MADRAS PRESIDENCY. 175 

IlalfFahice or 10 Cash. 

IIG. Tho value in Persian, and English X . CASH 

divided by — 

This is larger than the varieties which 

follow, and has the double line on both sides. 

117. Similar to last, but legends on obverse divided 

by < 000 ^ ooo > 

»^11(S. Similar to last, but legends on obverse divided 

by OOOoOoOOO 

119. Similar to last, but legends on obverse divided 

by oDooooo 
Q>ia)'fe7' Faluce or 5 Cas/i. 

120. Similar, legends on obverse divided by 

ooooQoooo 




Two-and-a-half Cash. 

121. 2i CASH and value in Persian above, nothing 

dividing the two. 
Gash. 

122. : A cross within a circle, with e^i in the angles. 



R: The date in Persian numerals in- (1210) 
within a square. 

123. Similar to last, excepting date, which is ini 

(1211 = 1790). 

124. Similar to last, excepting date, which is irir 

(1212=1797). 
In the following series an attempt has evidently been 
made to assimilate the Mohammedan with the Hindu 
monetary systems, as the 48th part of a Rupee is just equal 
to the Faluce or piece of 20 Cash. They were struck for 
the Circars, a large district on the Coast of the Bay of 
Bengal to the north of the Carnatic country, and thus in a 
measure connecting Madras with Bengal, 



176 



INDIA. 



One-Forty -eighth Rupee. 

125. : The company's bale-mark. On a broad rim 
incuse, the legend UNITED EAST INDIA 
COMPANY 1794. 
7i : The company's arms, supporters, etc. : 48 to 
ONE EUPEE under, the legend incuse upon a 
broad rim AUSPICIO EEGIS ET SENA- 
TUS ANGLIC. The edge is inscribed in 
incuse characters ENGLISH . UNITED . 
EAST . INDIA . COMPANY. 




12G. 







R 


127. 




128. 




129. 




130. 






E 



As last. 

The company's crest only in centre, otherwise 

as last. 
Similar to No. 125, excepting date, which is 

1797. 
^ Eupee similar to No. 125, excepting in size 

and value. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1797. 

An elephant, 48 to one eupee under. BY 
WISDOM & FOECE incused on a broad 
rim. 

As No. 125. I suspect this is a mule, as the 
obverse is found joined with the reverse of 
No. 64 in the Ceylon series, where it seems 
much more appropriate. All these pieces, 
from No. 125 onwarrls, occur as proofs in 
copper, bronzed, and gilt. 



MADRAS PRESIDENCY, 177 

Faluce. 
^ 131. 0: The company's arms, supporters, etc.: EAST 
INDIA COMPANY 1803. 
R : The value in Persian and English, XX . CASH. 
\/ 132. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1808. 

Half Faluce. 

133. X . CASH piece similar, date 1803. 

V/134. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1808. 

Quarter Faluce, 
^135. V . CASH piece similar, date 1803. 

13G. Similar to last, except date, which is 1808. 

Cash. 
v^l37. : The company's crest only, under it the date 
1803. 
B : The value in Persian and English, I . CASH. 




These pieces, Nos. 131-137, occur as 
proofs in silver, bronzed, and gilt. They 
were made in England by Messrs. Boulton 
and Watt, and it is said that No. 137 is the 
smallest coin ever struck in collar. 
Double Faluce, or Forty Cash. 

138. : Persian legend = " Double Faluce of the 

Honourable Company. In the year of Christ 
1807." Although the date is the Christian 
era, the numerals used are the Arabic 
R : The value in Telugi and Tamuli. 
Faluce. 

139. 0: Persian legend = "This is a little Fanam or 

Faluce of the Honourable Company. In the 
year of Christ 1807." 
R : The value in Telugi and Tamuli. 

Salf Faluce. 

140. Similar to No. 138, exceptiug in size and value. 

12 



178 INDIA. 

Double Faluce or Forty Cash. 

141. Similar to No. 138 excepting date, which is 

lA.A (1808). 
Faluce. 

142. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 
Half Faluce. 

143. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Bui. 

144. : Persian legend, = " In the year of Christ 

1808. Faluce of the Honourable Company." 
B : The value in Telugi, in three lines. Under 
1 DUB 

Half JDuh. 

145. Similar to last, but \ DUB. 

NOTE. 

It must be understood that the dates of the various 
coinages, for the three presidencies given here, are only 
to be considered as being approximately correct. Those 
wishing to study the subject deeper, will find a mass of 
conflicting evidence, in the Transactions of the Asiatic 
Society, in Prinsep's Tables, Kelly^s Cambist, Marsden, 
Ruding, &c. &c. 









f 



INDIA (GENEBALi). 

Under this title will naturally come those early pieces 
which cannot with certainty be assigned to either of the 
presidencies, and then the coins issued from 1831< and 
onwards to circulate through the whole country. 



Silver. 

Crown or Piece of EigJit Reals or JRyals. 

1. 0: The English shield crowned; B - R, also 

crowned, at sides of shield; 0: ELIZABETH 
D : G : ANG : ERA : ET . HIB REGINA. 
E: A portcullis crowned, 0: POSVI . DEVM . 
ADIVTOREM . MEVM. 

2. Half-crown or piece of 4 Reals, similar excepting 

HIBER : on obverse. 

3. Shilling or piece of 2 Reals, similar to last. 

4. Sixpence or Real, similar to last. Legend on 

: ends : REGIN. or REGI. 



Copper. 

5. : In Persian characters [see illustration) — " Sicca 
of the Company 1793." within a broad, thick 
rim incused, ENGLISH BAST INDIA 
COMPANY. 
R : Exactly the same as the obverse. The edge is 
inscribed ENGLISH UNITED EAST INDIA 
COMPANY * 

12 * 



180 



INDIA (general). 




This also occurs with plain edge. 

6. : The crest of the company, under it 48 to one 

RUPEE, the latter upon a label. AUSPICIO 
REGIS ET SENATUS ANGLI^E incused 
upon a thick rim. [See illustration on 'page 
176.) 
R : As last. 

7. : The company's bale-mark 1794. See Bombay, 

No. 65. 
R : Native legend and date as before, but with no 
broad rim or English legend. 

Nos. 5, 6 and 7 all occur as proofs in 
copper and bronze, and are doubtless patterns. 

Gold Coins of India. 

Two Mohurs. 

8. : Bust to right, WILLIAM IIII KING 1835. 
R: Lion and palm-tree, TWO MOHURS ^J ^ 

beneath. EAST INDIA COMPANY. 



MoJiur. 

9. 



Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 




There are proofs of these two coins in 
silver and copper. 



INDIA (general) 



181 




R 



B: 



10. 



11. 



12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 

19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 



Ten Rupees, 
25. 

26. 
27. 

28. 
29. 

Five Rupees. 

30. 

31. 
32. 



Bust to left, VICTORIA QUEEN 1841. 

As the preceding. 

Bust to left crowned, and the shoulders robed, 

VICTORIA QUEEN. 
ONE I MOnUR I INDIA | 18G2, in four lines 

within a handsome scroll border. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1877, 

and EMPRESS instead of QUEEN. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1879. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 
Proofs exist of Nos. 11, 12, 17 and 18, with 

milled edges, and of Nos. 11 and 12 with plain 

edges. 

Similar to No. 11 except in size and value, date 

as before, 1862. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1879, 

and EMPRESS instead of QUEEN. 

Similar to No. 1 1 excepting in size and value, 

date 18G2. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872. 



182 INDIA (general). 

33. Similar to last^ excepting date, wliicli is 1873. 

There are proofs of Nos. 25, 26, 30, 31, aud 
32 with plain edges, and of Nos. 26, 27, 28, 
31, 32. and 33 with a milled edge. 



Rupees. 
34. 



n 



35. 







R 


36. 




37. 







E 


38. 







R 


39. 







R 


40. 





Silver Coins. 

Bust to right, GULIELMUS IIII D . G . 
BRITT . ET IND . REX. A wavy line 
surrounds legend. 

ONE I RUPEE in two lines, with a lotus flower 
above and the date 1834 below, the whole 
within a wreath of palm, EAST INDIA 
COMPANY, and the value in Bengalee, 
Persian, and Nagree characters around out- 
side of wreath. A wavy line surrounds 
legend. 

Bust as before, GULIELMUS IIII D : G : 
BRITANNIAR : REX F : D : 

As preceding. 

Similar in all respects to last, but a thicker and 
smaller coin. 

Bust as before, WILLIAM IIII. KING. 

As before, a wavy line surrounds legend on both 
sides. 

As last, a wavy line on obverse only. 

A Lion and Palm-tree, BRITISH INDIA. 

As the reverse of the preceding. 

As the reverse of No. 34. 

Similar to No. 37, excepting date, which is 1835. 
The value on reverse in Persian only, and 
there is no wavy line around outside legend 
on either side. 

These are evidently patterns for a coinage 
which was afterwards brought out as fol- 
lows : — 



41 : 
R 

42. 
43. 



INDIA (<iENKRAL). 1^3 

Bust to right, WILLIAM [III, KING. The 
initials r . s on truncation of neck. 

'J'he value in English and Persian, ONE | 
RUPEE I i". ,t_^t in three lines within a 
palm wreath,"'^E"AST INDIA COMPANY * 
1835 * 

Similar to last, but various small differences in 
size of letters, &c. and the initial F. on the 
truncation of neck. 

Similar, but with no initial on neck. 




Half Rupee. 

44. Similar to No. 42, excepting in size and value, 

both with and without the initials. 
Quarter Rupee. 

45. Similar, both with and without initials. 

All these pieces occur as proofs. 
Rupee. 

46. : Bust to left, filleted, VICTORIA QUEEN. 

R : Similar to No. 41, excepting date, which is 18 10. 

Half Rupee. 

47. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

48. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Rupee. 

49. Similar to No. 4G, but with the legend divided 

= N'ICTORIA QUEEN, and with the 

initials w w on the truncation of neck. 



184 INDIA (general). 

Half Ru})ee. 

50. Similar to last, excepting in size and value, and 

that the initials on neck are incused, whereas 
those on No. 49 are raised. 
Quarter Rupee. 

51. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Tioo Annas. 

52. With continuous legend as No. 46 and with 

the initial s on the truncation of neck, and 
dated 1841. 

53. With divided legend as No. 49, but dated 1841. 

There are proofs of all these pieces. 
Rupee. 

54. Similar to No. 49, but dated 1849. 

Half Rupee. 

55. Similar to No. 50, but dated 1849. 
Quarter Rupee. 

56. Similar to No. 51, but dated 1849. 
Two Aiinas. 

57. Similar to No. 53, but dated 1849. 

I have only seen these as proofs, and, from 
their rarity, suspect them to be patterns. 
They have plain and milled edges. 
Rupee. 

58. : Bust of queen to left, crowned and robed, 

VICTORIA— QUEEN. 
R: ONE I EUPEE | INDIA | 1860 in four lines, 
within a handsome scroll border. 
Half Rupee. 

59. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

60. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Two Annas. 

61. Similar, excepting in size and value. 



INDIA (genebal). 185 

Rupee. 

62. Similar to No. 58, but dated 18G1 . 
Half Rupee. 

63. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

64. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Two Annas 

65. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

These only occur as proofs, and are patterns 
for the coinage issued in the following year, 
as follows : — 
Rupee. 
QQ. As No. 58, excepting date, which is 1862. 

For some reason, with which I am unacquainted, there 
was no alteration in the date for several years after 1862, 
the pieces bearing date 1864-1872 being very rarely met 
with, and, as I suspect, patterns only. Upon the reverse of 
the Rupee, however, immediately above a shell-like ornament, 
which forms the centre of the scroll-work border, and just 
under the date, will be found small dots numbering from 
one to ten, which denote the year of the issue. These dots 
do not occur upon the smaller pieces. 
Half Rupee. 

67. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

68. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Two Annas. 

69. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Proofs of these occur struck in gold, silver, 
and copper. 
Rupee. 

70. Similar to No. 58, excepting date, which is 1864. 

71. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1867. 

72. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

73. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

74. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872. 



186 INDIA (general). 

75. Similar to last, excepting date, wliicli is 1873. 

76. Similar to last, excepting date, wliicli is 1874. 

77. Similar to last, excepting date, wliicli is 1875. 

78. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876. 

79. Similar to last, but dated 1877, EMPRESS 

instead of QUEEN. 

80. Similar to last, but dated 1878. 

81. Similar to last, but dated 1879. 

82. Similar to last, but dated 1880. 

83. Similar to last, but dated 1881. 

84. Similar to last, but dated 1882. 

85. Similar to last, but dated 1883. 

86. Similar to last, but dated 1884. 

87. Similar to last, but dated 1885. 

88. Similar to last, but dated 1886. 
Half "Rupee. 

89. Similar to No. 59, dated 1864. 

90. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1867. 

91. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

92. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

93. Similar to last^ excepting date, which is 1872. 

94. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

95. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

96. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875. 

97. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876. 

98. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1877. 

EMPRESS instead of QUEEN. 

99. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1878. 

100. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1879. 

101. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 

102. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 

103. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

104. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1883. 

105. Similar, but dated 1884. 

106. Similar, but dated 1885. 

107. Similar, but dated 1886. 



INDIA (general). 187 

Quarter Rupea. 

108. Similar, excepting in sizo and value, but dated 

1864 

100. Similar, but dated 1807. 

110. Similar, but dated 1870. 

111. Similar, but dated 1871. 

112. Similar, but dated 1872. 

113. Similar, but dated 1873. 

114. Similar, but dated 1874. 

115. Similar, but dated 1875. 
IIG. Similar, but dated 1876. 

1 1 7. Similar, but dated 1877, EMPRESS instead of 

QUEEN. 

118. Similar, but dated 1878. 
110. Similar, but dated 1870. 

120. Similar, but dated 1881. 

121. Similar, but dated 1882. 

122. Similar, but dated 1883. 

123. Similar, but dated 1884. 

124. Similar, but dated 1885. 
12b. Similar, but dated 1886. 
Tioo Annas. 

126. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1864-. 

127. Similar, dated 1867. 

128. Similar, dated 1868. 

129. Similar, dated 1870. 

130. Similar, dated 1872. 

131. Similar, dated 1873. 

132. Similar, dated 1874. 

133. Similar, dated 1875. 

134. Similar, dated 1876. 

135. Similar, dated 1877, EMPRESS instead of 

QUEEN. 

136. Similar, dated 1878. 

137. Similar, dated 1879. 

138. Similar, dated 1880. 



188 INDIA (general). 

139. Similar, dated 1881. 

140. Similar, dated 1882. 

141. Similar, dated 1883. 

142. Similar, dated 1884. 

143. Similar, dated 1885. 

144. Similar, dated 1886. 

I have seen proof sets of the years 1867, 
187-3, 1877, 1878, 1882 and 1885. There 
are in all probability proofs of each year. 

Copper Coins. 
Half Anna. 

145. : Bust to left, crowned and robed, VICTORIA 

QUEEN. 

R: HALF ANNA INDIA 1861, in four lines, 
within an elegant scroll border. 

146. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1862. 

147. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1864. 

148. Similar to last, excepting date, which 

149. Similar to last, excepting date, which 

150. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

151. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872. 

152. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

153. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

154. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875. 

155. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876. 

156. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1877, 

and EMPRESS instead of QUEEN. 

157. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1878. 

158. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1879. 

159. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 

160. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 
16L Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

162. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1883. 

163. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 

164. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 



IS 1867. 
is 1870. 



INDIA (general). 189 

165. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886. 
Quarter Anna. 

166. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1861. 

167. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1862. 

168. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1 864. 

169. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1867. 

170. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1870. 

171. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1871. 

172. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1872. 

173. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1873. 

1 74. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1874. 

175. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1875. 

176. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1876. 

177. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1877, 

and EMPRESS instead o£ QUEEN. 

178. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1878. 

179. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1879. 

180. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 

181. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 

182. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

183. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1883. 

184. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 

185. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

186. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886. 
One-twelfth Anna. 

187. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1861. 

188. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1862. 

189. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1864. 

190. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1867. 

191. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1870. 

192. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1871. 

193. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1872. 

194. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1873. 

195. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1874. 

196. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1875. 

197. Similar, excepting in size and value, dated 1876. 



190 MISCELLANEOUS INDIAN COINS. 

198. Similar, excepting size and value, dated 1877, 

and EMPRESS instead of QUEEN. 

199. Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1878 

200. Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1879 

201. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880 

202. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881 

203. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882 

204. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1883 

205. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884 

206. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885 

207. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886 

There are bronzed and copper proof sets of 
1861 ; gold, bronzed, and copper of 1862 
there are also bronzed proof sets of 1864, 
1870, 1876, 1877, 1879, 1880, and 1883, and 
in all probability of other years as well. 
Half Pice. 

208. : Bust of Queen to left crowned and robed, 

VICTORIA QUEEN. 
R: \ PICE INDIA 1861 in four lines, within a 
scroll border as before. 

209. Similar to last, but dated 1862. 

Copper proofs occur of both tliese pieces. 



MISCELLANEOUS INDIAN COINS. 

Silver. 

Alwar Rupee. 
210. : Bust to left crowned and robed, VICTORIA 
EMPRESS. 
R : Persian inscription, Mdhd Rao Raja Sewai 
Mongul Singh Bihddur . 1877 . within a 
circle, ALWAR STATE below, ONE RUPEE 
above, divided by two sprigs of palm. 



MISCELLANEOUS INDIAN COINS. 



191 



211. 
R 

212. 
R 



Tellichery Double Fanams. 
A balance, with T between the scales, 1 805 under. 
Persian inscription. 

Persian inscription, with Tand a star at the top. 
Persian inscription. 



213. 



R: 



Copper. 

The crest of the East India Company within a 
circle. AUSPICIO REGIS ET SENATUS 
ANGLIiE 1824. 

The value ^ Crnt. in English, Persian, Chinese, 
and Malay in the form of a cross. {See illus- 
tration.) 




This is an exceedingly rare piece, and as it only occurs in 
proof condition was most probably only a pattern, and never 
issued. From the value being the fraction of a cent, and 
b eing expressed in Chinese and Malay as well as Persian, it was 
doubtless intended to circulate either in one of the Straits 
Settlements or in some portion of the Eastern Archipelago. 
214. : A balance, " Adel" between the scales. 

B : Native characters the Hegira date i r n 
(= 1226). This is equivalent to a.d. 1811. 
A balance, " AdeV between the scales, the 
Hegira date under i rcA (=1258). Two 
four-pointed stars above the balance. 
Two arrows crossed, above them the Hegira date 
as before (this is equivalent to a.d. 18-42), above 
the date *j j between two four-pointed stars. 
A crown within a wreath. 
Native characters. (Cabul ?) 



215. 



R: 



216. 




R 



CEYLON. 

The first intercourse of the Englisli with Ceylon began in 
the year 1713. In 1782 a large portion of the island was 
taken by them from the Dutch, who then held it, but it was 
restored to them again in 1783. However, in 1795 the 
Dutch settlements were again seized upon, and the entire 
island was finally ceded to Great Britain at the Peace of 
Amiens in the year 1802. 

We learn from Ruding that on November 14th, 1812, 
there was ordered to be executed in the island, and again in 
1814, an issue of both silver and copper, amounting in value 
to 300,000 rix-dollars. On October 19th, 1821, there was 
another issue of rix-dollars to the value of £400,000, and 
in 1828 half-farthings were first coined for Ceylon. Three- 
halfpenny pieces were ordered to be coined in 1834, and 
have been continued since. 



1. 0; 
B 

2. 
3. 



Silver Coins. 
An elephant with the date under 1803. 
|§ within a beaded circle, CEYLON GOVERN- 
MENT ••• 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1808. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1809. 




CKYLON. 103 

4. : An elephant facing left with the date under it 

1803. 
B : II within a beaded circle, C BYLON GOVERN- 

Iment .:• 

5. Similar to preceding, but the Elephant faces 

the right. 

6. Sim lar to No. 4, excepting date, which is 1804. 

7. Similar to No. 4, excepting date, which is 1805. 

8. Similar to No. 4, excepting date, which is 1808. 

9. Similar to No. 4, excepting date, which is 1809. 

10. : Elephant facing left with the date under 1803. 
R : P within a beaded circle, CEYLON GOVERN- 

lviENT:i: 

11. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1804. 

12. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1808. 

13. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1809. 
JFanam. 

14. : A small circle in centre with F A N A M 

round it. 
R : A similar circle with TOKEN, round it. 
Double Rix Dollar. 

15. : An elephant with the date under 1812. 

R: In an oblong compartment, TWO RIX DOL- 
LARS. A crown above and a ribbon under 
inscribed " Iloni soif qui mal ij pensc.'^ CEY- 
LON CURRENCY. 

Rix Dollars. 

10. Rix Dollar similar, excepting in size and value. 

These are very rare, are only met with as 
proofs, and were, I suspect, patterns for a 
coinage which was not issued. 
17. 0: Bust to right laureated, x . w . on the trun- 
cation of neck. GEORGIUS III D : G : 
BRITANNIARUM REX. 
R : An elephant within an oak wreath, over it CEY- 
LON ONE RIX DOLLAR, the date 18 15 below. 

13 



194 

18. 0: 

R: 



CEYLOX. 

Bust to left laureated, b . p . under neck. 

GEORGIUS IV D : G : BRITANNIAR : 

REX F : D : 
Similar to last^ excepting date, wliicli is 1821. 




Proofs are met with of both, these elegant pieces. 
Three Halfpence. 

19. 0: Bust to right, GULIELMUS IIII D : G : 

BRITANNIAR . REX F : D : 
R : 2.2 ill the centre, with a crown above and the 
date 1834 below, within a wreath. 

20. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 

21. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 183G. 

22. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1837. 

23. : Bust to left, VICTORIA D : G : BRITAN- 

NIAR . REGINA F : D : 
R : As before, date 1838. 

24. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1839. 

25. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1840. 

26. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1841 . 

27. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1842. 

28. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1843. 

29. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1860. 

30. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1862. 



Copper Coins. 

One-Twelfth Rupee. 

31. : An elephant, with the date 1801 under, within 

a beaded circle. 
R : 13 within a circle, CEYLON GOVERNMENT 

surrounded by a beaded circle. 



CEYLON. 195 

32. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1802. 

33. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1803. 
31. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 804. 

35. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1805. 

36. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1806. 

37. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1809. 

38. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1810. 

39. Similar to last,, excepting date, which is 1811. 

40. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1812. 

41. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1814. 

42. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1815. 

One Twenty -fourth Rupee. 

^^' 2^ Similar to No. 31, excepting in size and 

value, date 1801. 

44. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1802. 

45. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1803. 

46. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1805. 

47. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1809. 

48. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1811. 

49. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1812. 

50. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1813. 

51. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1815. 
One Forty-eighth Rupee. 

52. 48 Similar to No. 31, excepting in size and 

value, date 1801. 

53. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1802. 

54. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1803. 

55. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1805. 

56. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1806. 

57. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1809. 

58. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1810. 

59. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1811. 

60. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1812. 

61. Similar to last, exceptiug date, which is 1813. 

62. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1814. 

13 * 



196 
63. 



CEYLON. 



Similar to last, exceptiug date, which is 1815. 
These are rudely struck, ill-shapen pieces, 
rarely showing the entire legend or date ; 
there are possibly other dates than those 
given. 

One Forty-eiglith Hupee. 

64. 0: The company's bale - mark VNITED EAST 

INDIA COMPANY 1794. 
R : An elephant 48 to one rupee under BY WISDOM 
AND FORCE. 

65. Similar to preceding, dated 1797. 

These are most probably patterns, as they 
are rare and only occur as proofs. 

66. : An elephant with the date under 1801, within a 

border of annulets. 
R : 48 ™ ^ cii'cle CEYLON . GOVERNMENT^ 

within a border of annulets. 

67. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1802. 




68. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1803. 

69. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1804. 

One Ninety-sixth Hupee. 

70. 9o Similar to No. 66, excepting in size and 

value, and dated 1802. 
One Hundred and ninety-second Rupees. 

71. 19S Similar to No. 66 excepting in size and 

value, and dated 1802. 



CEYLON. 



197 



72. 



Two Stivers. 
73. : 

R: 

One Stiver. 

74. 



Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1804. 
Although of the same date as the series 
Nos. 31-G3 these are well-made coins and may 
be met with as proofs. There are also gilt 
and bronzed proof sets of 1802, and tho R : of 
No. G4 occurs as a pattern, joined to the R : 
of Madras No. 125, of which the : is used 
for No. 64 of this series. 

Bust to right laureated, GEORGIUS III D : G : 

BRITANNIARUM REX. 
An elephant, above it CEYLON TWO 

STIVERS, the date below 1815. 

Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 




Half Stiver. 

75. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

There are proof sets of these three pieces in 
gilt, bronze, and copper. 

One-twelfth Fanam. 

7G. : An elephant with the date under 1815, above it 
CEYLON GOV : the whole within a circle. 
R : i within a circle, surrounded by the word 
FANAM. An outer circle surrounds the 
whole. 

This excessively rare piece is a pattern, 
never having been circulated. 



198 



CEYLON. 



Half Farthings. 

11. : Bust to left, GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 
1827. 
R : Britannia seated holding trident, rose, thistle, 
and shamrock in exergue, BRITANNIAR . 
REX FID : DEF : 

78. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1828. 

79. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1830. 

There are proofs of the two latter dates. 



80. 







B 


81. 







R 


82. 




83. 




84. 




85. 




86. 




87. 




88. 




89. 




90. 




91. 






Bust to right, GULIELMUS IIII DEI 

GRATIA. 1837. 
As before. 

This also occurs as a proof in copper and 
bronze. 
Bust to left, VICTORIA D : G : BRITAN- 

NIAR : REGINA F : D : 
HALF I FARTHING | 1839 in three lines, with 
a crown above, and rose, thistle, and sham- 
rock below. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1842. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1843. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1844. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1847. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1851. 
■ Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1852. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1853. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1854. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1856. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1868. 
Proofs occur of Nos. 81, 82, 86, 87, and 
91, and possibly of all other dates. 



CEYLON. 199 

Five Cents. 

92. : CoroneteJ bust to left within a key border, on 

which is inscribed VICTORIA QUEEN. 
R : A palm-tree with Cingalese characters at its 

sides within a beaded circle, CEYLON . 

FIVE . CENTS . 1870 . within another 

beaded circle. 
One Cent. 

93. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 
Half Cent. 

94. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Cent. 

95. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Proofs occur of this set in gold and in 
copper. 

Copper Tokens. 

96. 0: An elephant, CEYLON . COMPANY LI- 

MITED. 
R: C in an inner circle, ST. SEBASTIAN MILLS. 

97. Similar to last, but a smaller piece and with B 

on reverse. 

98. Similar to last, but still smaller and with A on 

reverse. 

These may be intended for penny, half- 
penny, and farthing. 

99. 0: A bust. COFFEE PICKERS CHIT. 

R: 4§" "^ t^^ ^^"^^'^ ^'^^^ FERNANDO . 
COLOMBO. 

100. f^K otherwise the legend as before, this is a 

square piece whereas the former is round. 

101. There is a halfpenny of George III. counter- 

marked with an elephant and ^^B Co. which 
I considered should be included in this series, 
although nothing definite can be discovered 
concerning it. 



SUMATBA. 

The English had possessions in this island at a very early 
date, having formed a settlement at Fort Marlborough or 
Bencoolen in 1685. There were no coins however struck 
either there or in England for Sumatra until the year 1783. 
A large number of patterns were executed^ some of which 
are very elegant in design, principally in the year 1787. 
Possession of the island was finally given up by the English 
to the Dutch by exchange for other places in 1824^ since 
which time our connection with it has ceased. 



Silver. 

Two SooJcoo 2}ioU' 

1. : Malay characters. {See illustration to No. 2.) 

= '' Money of the company. 2 Sookoos — 
1197.'^ 
B: 2 I FORT I MARLBRO' | 1783 . in four lines. 

2. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1784. 




Half Dollar Token. 

3. 0: i DOLLAR. 

B : FORT MARLBRO'. 

This was struck in copper and issued in 
1797 by Governor Brufi". 



SOMATKA. 201 

Copper. 
Two Kapangs. 

4. : Tho company's bale-mark J 7::: 83. 

R : Malay characters, r 'jj^ t <i i 1 1 « v = 2 Kapangs 

1197. 

There are proofs of this coin in both gold 
and silver. 

5. Similar to last, but dated 17::". 86. 

Three Kapangs. 

6. 0: The company's bale-mark 17:-: 86. 

B : Malay characters r ^ ,^S^ i r • • =3 Kapangs 
1200. " Tiga Kapangs." 




Two Kapangs. 

7. Similar = r 'jj<, ^^ tr- " Dua Kapangs." 

One Kapang. 

8. Similar = i ^_i^ i r* • " Sata Kapang." 

There are gilt and bronze proofs of Nos. 
6-8, and No. 7 occurs with an oblique milling 
as the other two, or with an engrailed edge. 

Two Kapangs. 

9. : The company's shield radiated, UNITED EAST 

INDIA COMPANY 1787. 
B: In Malay characters—" 2 Kapang 1200." 
Within a border of converging rays. 

This is an oval coin, and the only one of 
the kind in the entire colonial series. 



202 



SUMATRA. 




10. 

11. 







B 



A round coin similar in all respects. 

The company's arms, supporters, &c. : a ribbon 

under inscribed united east india company, 

under the ribbon tbe date 1787. 
In Malay characters — "2 Kapang 1200." 

Within a border of convei'ging rays. 




12. : The company's bale-mark in a beaded circle, 

with the date under 17#87. 
jB : As last. 
One Kapang, 

13. Similar to preceding, excepting in size and value. 
Two Kapangs. 

14. : As No. 12. 

R : In Malay characters — " 2 Kapangs 1202." 
Within a wreath. 




These pieces, Nos. 9-14, are all patterns, 
and are all exceedingly rare. 



SUMATRA. 



203 



Three Kapan(js. 

15. : The company's bale-mark, with tlio date under 

17^87. 
R : The value agd date in Malay characters = 
''Three Kapangs 1200.'' 
Two Kapangs. 

16. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

One Kapang. 

17. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

These three pieces have obliquely milled edges, 
and Nos. 10 and 17 are met with having 
upright milling. There are gilt and bronzed 
proofs of all. 

Three Kapangs. 

18. : The company's bale-mark with the date under 

1798. 
R: The value and date (trir) in Malay charac- 
ters = "3 Kapangs 1213." 
Two Kapangs. 

19. Similar, excepting in size. 
One Kapang. 

20. Similar, excepting in size. 

These pieces are all marked on R: with the 
Persian numeral r = 3, evidently a mistake 
of the artist in cutting the dies. There are 
copper, bronze, and gilt proofs of each size. 
Four Kapangs. 

21. : The company's arms, supporters, &c., EAST 

INDIA COMPANY ISOi. 
R : Malay characters f i_fti c:-i^«^ i rM = "4 Ka- 
pangs 1219." {Ampat Kapangs.) 
Ttoo Kapangs. 

22. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

One Kapang. 

23. Similar, excepting in size and value. 



204 
/ 24. 

R 



SDMATRA. 



The company's arms, supporters, &c. : ISLAND 

OF SUMATRA 1804. 
Malay cliaracters as last excepting tliat the 1 

is made thus p 




Both gilt and bronzed proofs occur of all- 
these pieces. 




PXJLU-PENANG, or PRINCE OF WALES' 
ISLAND. 

This colony is usu illy called by its shorter name of Penang, 
and now forms a portion of the Straits Settlements. It was 
originally ceded to the Indian Government in the year 178G 
by one of their officers, Captain F. Light, who received it as 
a marriage portion with the daughter of the Rajah of Kedah. 
The coins struck for Penang by the East India Company 
are not numerous, but form an interesting, although small, 
collection. 

SiLVEK. 
Rupee. 

1. 0: The company's bale-mark, under it the date 

J7^87 
R : Legend in Persian covers the field = " Prince of 
Wales Island" {see illustration to No. 4). 
Half Rupee. 

2. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Rupee. 

3. Similar, but the Persian legend is abbreviated. 
Rupee. 

4. As before, but dated J7 * 88. 




Half Rupee. 
5, Similar, excepting in size and value. 



206 PULIT-PENANG, OR PRINCE OF WALES ISLAND. 

Qnarter Rupee. 
6. Similar^ but legend abbreviated. 



Copper. 

Cent. 

7. : The company's bale-mark within a circle, 
i? : Blank. 

8. : The company's bale-mark with the date under 

J7:i:87 
R : Legend in Persian as No. 1. 

9. Similar to preceding, but a star divides the date 

thus /7*87. 

Half Cent. 

10. Similar to No. 8, excepting in size and value. 

Half Cent. 

1 1 . Similar to No. 9, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Cent, 

12. : The company's bale-mark, the date under e7"787. 
R : Persian legend abbreviated as before. 

Cent. 
y IS. : The company's arms, supporters, &c. the ribbon 
inscribed auspicio — kegis et senatus — anoli^e 
the date under in small figures isio, the 
whole within a beaded circle some distance 
from the edge. 
R : Persian characters i_i^ J y = " Pulu-Penang " 
within a wreath of lilycups and leaves, the 
whole within a beaded circle some distance 
from the edge. 




PULU-PKNANG^ Oi; PUINCK OF WALKs' ISLAXD. 



207 



14. 0: 



R: 







B 



Ealf Cent. 
]G. 



Two Cents. 
17. 0: 
R: 



Cent. 

18. 

Half Cent. 
19. 

Two Cents. 

20. 

One Cent. 
21. 
X/^ Half Cent. 
22. 



Arms, &c. as before, ribbon inscribed auspicio 
KEQis — ET — SENATUS ANGLIC datc in larger 
figures 1810, and beaded circle quite close to 
the edge of the coin. 

Persian legend as before, within a close wreath 
of lilycuj)s only (?) and beaded circle close to 
the edge. 

Similar to No. 13, but with a circle of strokes 
close to the edge, and no beaded circle. 

Persian legend as before, with an open wreath of 
lilycups only proceeding in opposite direction 
to last, a circle of strokes near the edge as on 
obverse. 




Similar to No. 13, excepting in size and value. 
These pieces were coined in England, there 
are l)ronzcd and copper proofs of each. 

Arms, supporters, &c. as No. 13, date under 1825. 

Similar to No. 13. Although several years later 
this is not nearly such fine work as those preced- 
ing, and is most probnbly of colonial fabrication. 

Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Similar, but dated 1828. 
Similar, but dated 1828. 
Similar, but dated 1828. 



MALACCA. 



J 



Malacca, on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula, was 
exchanged with the Dutch for Bencoolen on the Island of 
Sumatra in 1824. It was placed under the government of 
the Bengal Presidency until the year 1853, when, together 
with Prince of Wales' Island and Singapore, it was 
constituted a separate colony under the title of the Straits 
Settlements. 

There were but few coins struck for this settlement and 
those of little consideration, and in copper only. 

Two Kapangs. 
1. 0: A cock with Malay characters over it. Jtt ajlj 
= " Malayan Land.'' 
R: Persian characters r 'jJ^ »j ' ff v =2 Kapangs 
1247 = (1835). 




One Kapang. 
2. : As before. 



R 


B 



Persian characters i Lj^ c^'U t rf v = 1 Kapang 
1247. 

As last. 

Malay characters, as on 0: of No. 1 tfii = 
Malayan Land 1411. 

This is a strange piece, as the date would 
place it to about the end of the twentieth 
century, but what is more strange is that this 
same reverse is used for the reverse of one of 
the Kapangs of the island of Labuan, so this is 
doubtless a mule. 

There are bronze proofs of each of these 
pieces. 



STRAITS SETTLEMENTS. 

The Straits Settlements are so called from being situated 
on the Straits of Malacca, and they include Pulu-Penang, 
Malacca, and Singapore. They were secured to Great 
Britain in 1824, and were made a dependency in 1853, 
under the Governor-General of India. In the year 1867 
they were separated from India and constituted an inde- 
pendent colony. 



Silver Coins. 



Tweniy Cents. 

1. : Coroneted bust to left, VICTORIA QUEEN. 

R: 20 ^^*^^^^ ^ beaded circle, STRAITS 
SETTLEMENTS • TWENTY CENTS 1871. 

2. Similar to last, but dated 1872, and with initial 

H. under bust. 

3. Similar to last, but dated 1873. 

4. Similar to last, but dated 1874. 

5. Similar to last, but dated 187G. 

6. Similar to last, but dated 1877. 

7. Similar to last, but dated 1878. 

8. Similar to last, but dated 1879. 

9. Similar to last, but dated 1880. 

10. Similar to last, but dated 1881. 

11. Similar to last, but dated 1882. 

12. Similar to last, but dated 1883. 

13. Similar to last, but dated 1883. 

14. Similar to last, but dated 1884. Without initial. 

15. Similar to last, but dated 1885. Without initial. 

16. Similar to last, but dated 1886. Without initial. 

14 



No initial. 
H under bust. 
H under bust. 
No initial. 
No initial. 
H. under bust. 
H. under bust. 
No initial. 
H. under bust. 
II. under bust. 
Without initial. 



210 



STRAITS SETTLEMENTS. 



Te7i Cents. 

17. 

18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 

Five Cents. 

33. 

34. 
35. 

36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 
46. 
47. 
48. 



\Q Similar to No. 1 

value, dated 1871. 
As last, but dated 1872. 
As last, but dated 1878. 
As last, but dated 1874. 
As last, but dated 1876. 
As last, but dated 1877. 
As last, but dated 1878. 
As last, but dated 1879. 
As last, but dated 1880. 
As last, but dated 1881. 
As last, but dated 1882. 
As last, but dated 1883. 
As last, but dated 1883. 
As last, but dated 1884. 
As last, but dated 1885. 
As last, but dated 1886. 



excepting in size and 

H under bust. 
Without initial. 
H. under bust. 
H. under bust. 
Without initial. ' 
Without initial, 
H. under bust. 
H. under bust. 
Without initial. 
H. under bust. 
H. under bust. 
Without initial. 
Without initial. 
Without initial. 
Without initial. 



Q Similar to No. 

date 1871. 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 
As last, but dated 



1 excepting in size and value. 



1872. 
1873. 
1874. 
1876. 
1877. 
1878. 
1879. 
1880. 
1881. 
1882. 
1883. 
1883. 
1884. 
1885. 
1886. 



H. under 
Without 
H. under 
H. under 
Without 
Without 
H. under 
H. under 
Without 
H. under 
H. under 
Without 
Without 
Without 
Without 



bust. 

initials. 

bust. 

bust. 

initial. 

initial. 

bust. 

bust. 

initial. 

bust. 

bust. 

initial. 

initial. 

initial. 

initial. 



PTRATTS SEI'TI.EMKNTS. 211 

Copper and Bronze Cuins. 

Cent. 

^49. : Coroneted bust of the Queen facing to tlio left, 

VICTORIA QUEEN. 

R: ONE CENT within a laurel wreath, EAST 

INDIA COMPANY 1845. 

. Half Cent. 

r 

50. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
^ Quarter Cent. 

51. Similar. 
Cent. 

.- 52. : As No. 49. 

R: ONE I CENT | INDIA | STRAITS | 18G2 in 
five lines, within a laurel wreath. 
Half Cent. 

53. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Cent. 

54. Similar. 
Cent. 

55. : Bust to left, with open crowned VICTORIA 

QUEEN. There is a small h. under bust. 

R : 1 within a beaded circle, STRAITS SETTLE- 
MENTS . ONE CENT 1872 . 

56. Similar to last in all respects, but without the 

initial under bust. 

57. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

58. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

59. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875. 

60. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875, 

w. under bust. 

61. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876, 

without initial under bust. 

62. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1883. 

63. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 

64. Similar to last, excepting date, w^hich is 1885. 

14 * 



212 STRAITS SETTLEMENTS. 

Half Cent. 
^'65. i similar to No. 55, except in size and value, 

date 1872. 

66. As last, but without initial under bust. 

67. Similar to last, but dated 1873. Without 

initial. 

68. Similar to last, but dated 1874. Without 

initial. 

69. Similar to last, but dated 1875. 

70. Similar to last, but dated 1875, and with initial 

under bust. 

71. Similar to last, but dated 1884, without initial. 

72. Similar to last, but date 1885. 
Quarter Cent. 

y 73. i similar, excepting in size and value, dated 

1872. H. under bust. 

74. Similar to last, but without the initial under 

bust. 

75. Similar to preceding, dated 1873, and without 

initial. 

76. Similar to preceding, dated 1875, with initial 

under bust. 

77. Similar to preceding, dated 1875, without 

initial. 

78. Similar to preceding, dated 1884. 

79. Similar to preceding, dated 1885. 

There are proof sets of 1872, with and 
without initials, also of 1873, and the Cent 
and Half Cent of 1874 and of 1875, both with 
and without initial. 




JAVA. 

Java was held by the Dutch from IGIO (in wliich year they 
built the capital city, Batavia) until the year 1811, when it 
was taken by the English, who retained it until the treaty 
of Paris in 1814, after which it was restored to the Dutch, 
who still possess it. During the English occupation of the 
island coins in gold, silver and copper were struck for them 
at the Surabaga mint by the late Dutch official Johan Anton 
Zwekhert, whose initial appears on most of the coins. 

Sir Stamford Raffles, who was appointed Governor, sent 
out, or favoured the sending out of an expedition under the 
command of an English agent and adventurer named 
Alexander Hare. He made a settlement on the southern 
coast of Borneo, and obtained a grant of land from the 
Sultan of Bandarmassin, where he struck small copper coins 
[Doits) between the years 1812-14. 



Gold Coins op Java. 
Mohurs. 

1. 0: Persian inscription=^' Money of the English 

Company. Struck in the year 1229." 
B: Javanese inscription = "English Company. 
Struck at Surabaga 1741." {See illustration 
to No. 4.) The English date is above this 
legend, 1814, and below the initial Z. 

2. Similar to last, but dates 1230=1743=1815. 

3. Similar to last, but dates 1230=1743=1816. 

The first of these dates is the Hegira, the 
second is the Java " Ahi Saha," and the 
third is the Christian era. 



214 

Rupee. 
4. 



B 



JAVA. 

Silver Coins. 

Persian inscription similar to No. 1, but the 
Hegira date is mta (1668) which is a mistake 

for irrA (1228). 
Javanese inscription similar to No. 1, but with a 
star in place of English date, and the Javan 
date is 1740. 




5. Similar to last, but Hegira date is irr'l (1229) 

and Java date 1741. 

6. Similar to last, but Hegira date is trr* (1230) 

and Java date 1743. 

7. Similar to last, but Hegira date is i rrr (1232) 

and Java date 1744. 
Half Supee. 

8. Similar, except ia size and value, 1668 (? 1228) 

=1740=1813. 

9. Similar, except in size aud value, 1229=1741 

=1814. 

No. 8 has the same mistake in the Hegira 
date as Rupee No. 4. 



Stiver. 
10. 0: 



B: 



Copper Coins. 
The East India Company's bale-mark, B above it, 

2_ — St ^^ sides. 
JAVA I 1814 in two lines, a six-pointed star 

above, the initial z below. 



11. 

H.alf Stiver. 

12. 
13. 

14. 
15. 

Doits. 

16. 
17. 

18. 



JAVA. 215 

Similar to last excepting date, which is 1815. 

Similar, dated 1811. 
Similar to last, dated 1812. 
Similar to last, dated 1813. 
Similar to last, dated 1814. 

Similar to No. 10 excepting in size and value, 

dated 1811. 
Similar to No. 10 excepting in size and value, 

dated 1812. 
Similar to No. 10 excepting in size and value, 

dated 1813. 



Doits. 

19. 
B. 



Lead Coins. 

A large Y surrounded by e c the date under 
1813. 
1 ° I DOIT I JAVA in three lines, a pellet 



O 1 o 

under 




20. 



Similar to last excepting date, which is 1814. 



The following are tlie Doits struck by Hare for 



BAND ABM AS SIN, 



1. 0: A fan-sliaped star. The date uikIoi- t tta. 
R: ^n*c^. ^1 (I Doit). 



2. 



3 



4. 0: 




A wreath enclosing the date t r ta with three stars 
over it. 

B: *I* uiL^j ^1 (1 Doit) a quatrefoil and two five- 
pointed stars under. 

Nos. 1 and 3 are usually found counter- 
marked with something resembling a wheel 
. It has been suggested that it may be 
intended for the Union Jack. 
A pointed shield inscribed 
Doit). 

B : A pointed shield with the date in English and 
Persian 1813 
A running flower spray. 

A rude imitation of the company bale-mark 
inscribed l::^, ^^ \ irrA (Doit 1228.=1813). 



J ^A^ ^,^2^ (Trade 




HONG KONG. 

Hong Kong, an islaud at the mouth of tlio Canton river, 
was taken from tLe Chinese by Capt. Elliot on August 23rd, 
1839, and was formally coded to Great Britain in 1841. Its 
chief town is called Victoria, it was built in 1842, Some- 
times the whole colony is called by that name. Considering 
the time it has been established, its coins, both silver and 
bronze, are numerous, and there are also a very large 
number of patterns, some of which must be considered as 
" mules/' or simply varieties created for that purpose. 



Silver Coins. 

Pattern Dollars. 

1. 0: Bust of Queen to left, crowned, and wearing a 

robe. VICTORIA . QUEEN. 

R'. Chinese characters, /.,# •,!• i , ^^ 

fllj.^.— withm a beaded 

circle, surrounded by a wreath of oak, the 
whole within a tressure of outward curves. 

2. Similar to last, but with HONG-KONG above, 

and ONE DOLLAR 1863 below. 

3. Bust of Queen to left, crowned, neck bare, within 

a beaded circle, VICTORIA QUEEN HONG 
KONG. 
B: As No. 2. 

4. 0: AsNo. 1. 

R: Chinese characters [|ljH^ within a beaded 

circle, HONG KONG above, ONE DOLLAR 
1864 below, the whole within a tressure of 
inward curves. 



218 



HONG KONG. 



5. 
B 



6. 

7. 
R 



10. 



11. 







B 


12. 




13. 







B 


14. 






B 



15. 0; 



As No. 1. 

Four small blank shields crosswise^ in tlie angles 

oak and laurel branches, and in the centre a 

star, ONE DOLLAR above, and HONG 

KONG 1864 below. 
Similar to last, but with Chinese characters of 

No. 4 on the shields. 
As No. 1. 

ONE DOLLAR 1864 in the centre, four shields 
. bearing Chinese characters as No. 4 arranged 

round, and in the spaces between, a mallet and 

club, an anchor, T . G and H . K . both in 

monogram. 
Bust as before with bare neck. See No. 3. 
As No. 1. 
As last. 
Chinese characters as No. 1, within a beaded 

circle, ONE DOLLAR above, HONG KONG 

1864 incuse; the whole within a tressui-e of 

inward curves. 
Similar to No. 8, but the tressure is of inward 

curves. 
As last. 
As No. 9, but HONG KONG above, ONE 

DOLLAR 1864 below. 
Similar to last, but the legend is frosted. 
As last. 
As No. 4. 
Small bust of the Queen crowned and robed 

within a beaded circle, VICTORIA . QUEEN . 

HONG . KONG . ONE . DOLLAR. 
As No. 9. The legends on both sides are incuse, 

and there is a flaw in the die running through 

the Queen's bust. 
As last, showing flaw in die. 
As No. 4. Incuse legend on obverse only. 



HONG KONG. 



219 



16. 



17. 



R 



18 



19. 



20. 



R 

R 



R 



21. 



Dollars. 
22. 



Similar to No. 14, but the legend in raised letters 
and without flaw in die on obverse. 

Similar to No. 14, but the beaded circle is 
smaller. 

Chinese characters as No. 1 within a beaded 
circle, surrounded by a wreath of oak, the 
whole within a tressure of inward curves, each 
containing a pellet. 
Queen's bust as No. 14 within a small circle. 
VICTORIA— QUEEN separated by a tressure 
of inward curves each containing a pellet. 

As No. 5. 

As last. 

As No. 7. 

Queen's bust with a coronet, neck bare, within a 
key border VICTORIA QUEEN. 

Chinese characters as on No. 4, within scroll- 
work, ONE DOLLAR HONG KONG 1805, 
the whole within a key border. 

The same as last, but struck in copper and with 
the word TRIAL behind bust. 

This was the pattern that was ultimately 
adopted for currency. 



Similar to No. 20, excepting date, which is 1866, 

23. Similar to No. 20, excepting date, which is 1867. 

24. Similar to No. 20, excepting date, which is 1868. 

There ai'e proofs of these dollars with plain 
and milled edges. 
Half Dollars. 

25. : Coroneted bust of the Queen, neck bare. 

VICTORIA QUEEN and key border. 



R 



Chinese characters |ll!^i& within scroll-work, 

HALF DOLLAR HONG 1865, the whole 
within a key border. 



220 
26. 



HONG KONG. 

Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1866. 




27. 
28. 



There are proofs of Nos, 25 and 26. 
Similar, excepting date, which is 1867. 
Similar, excepting date, which is 1868. 



Twenty Cents. 

29. : Coroneted bust of Queen to left, neck bare, 
VICTOEIA QUEEN. 



R : Chinese characters 






within a beaded circle. 



30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 
34. 
35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 



HONG-KONG* TWENTY CENTS 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
vSimilar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 



1866* 

1867. 
1868. 
1872. 
1873. 
1874. 
1875. 
1876. 
1877. 
1879. 
1880. 
1881. 
1883. 
1884. 
1885. 
1886. 
1887. 



HONG KONG. 221 

46. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1888. 

Nos. 29, 30, 38, and 40 occur as proofs; 
and Nos. 34, 35, 3G, 37, 39, and 40 have a 
small H under the bust showing they were 
struck by Messrs. Heaton of Birmingham. 
Ten Cents. 

47. : Bust of Queen to left, crowned and roljcd. 

VICTORIA QUEEN. 
R: 10 I CENTS | 1862 in three lines, within a 
beaded circle, surrounded by scrollwork. 

48. : As last. 

B : TEN CENTS within a laurel wreath. HONG- 
KONG above 1862 below. 

49. : As last excepting that the robe is slightly 

different. 

R : A plain circle with a dot in the centre sur- 

__# 

rounded by Chinese characters ^ . — 

f-i 

50. : As reverse of No. 48. 

R : As last. This is manifestly a mule. 

These pieces, Nos. 47-50, are patterns and 
never circulated and arc very rare, this latter 
remark applying to all the patterns of this 
series. 

51. 0: As No. 47. 

R : Chinese characters as No. 49 within a beaded 
circle, a dot in the centre, HONG-KONG* 
above. TEN CENTS 1863* below. 

52. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1865. 

53. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1866. 

54. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1867. 

55. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1868. 

56. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872. 

57. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

58. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

59. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875. 



222 



HONG KONG. 



60. 
61. 
62. 
63. 

64. 
65. 
66. 

67. 
68. 

69. 
70. 

Five Cents. 
71. 0: 

72. 
73. 

74. 
75. 
76. 
77. 
78. 
79. 
80. 
81. 
82. 
83. 
84. 
85. 
86. 
87. 



Similar to last, 
Similar to last, 
Similar to last. 
Similar to last. 
Similar to last. 
Similar to last. 
Similar to last. 
Similar to last. 
Similar to last. 
Similar to last. 
Similar to last. 



excepting date, 
excepting date, 
excepting date, 
excepting date, 
excepting date, 
excepting date, 
excepting date, 
excepting date, 
excepting date, 
excepting date, 
excepting date, 



whicli 
whicli 
which 
which 
which 
which 
which 
which 
which 
which 
which 



IS 



IS 



is 



is 



1876. 

1877. 

1879. 

1880. 
s 1881. 
is 1883. 
is 1884. 
is 1885. 
is 1886. 
is 1887. 
is 1888. 



Coroneted bust of Queen to left, neck bare. 
VICTORIA QUEEN. 

Chinese characters fllj • 5. within a beaded 

circle HONG-KOXG . FIVE CENTS 1866. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1867. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1868. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1877. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1879. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1883. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1887. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1888. 
The same remarks as to proofs and also the 
initial H will apply to the same dates on the 
ten and five cent pieces as to the twenty cents. 



HONG KONG. 228 

Cents. 

89. : Laureatcd bust as on English penny VICTORIA. 

D:G:BIIITT:REG:F.D. 
R : A small circle surrounded by Chinese characters 

90. : As last. 

R : A small circle, ONE above, CENT below, within 
a wreath HONG- KONG c§. 1862 eg.. Aquatre- 
foil on either side between the legend and date. 

92. Similar to No. 90, but with a small lion on either 

side of date. 

91. Similar to No. 90, but with ST© and 3afH instead 

of quatrefoils. 

93. Similar to No. 90, but with a club and mallet 

crossed to left and a small lion to right of 
date. 

94. Similar to No. 90, but with an anchor to left, 

and a lion to right of date. 

95. Similar to No. 94, but with a crown in centre of 

circle. 
9G. Similar to No. 90, but with a crown to left and 

a dragon to right of date. 

97. Similar to No. 9G, but with a crown in centre of 

circle. 

98. 0: As before. 

R : A lion, an anchor €(J5 and l\fH in the angles of 
Chinese characters, ^ee No. 89. 

99. 0: As before. 

R: ONE CENT | HONG KONG | 1862, in three 
lines, within a circle, with a border composed 
of two dragons issuing from wreaths, a scroll 
above. 

100. : Small bust of the Queen to left, crowned and 

robed. VICTORIA QUEEN. 
R: As last. 



224 




HONG KONG. 


101. 





: As last. 




R 


As No. 91. 


102. 





: As last. 




R 


As No. 94. 


103. 





As last. 




R 


: As No. 98. 


104. 





Larger bust of Queeiij showing more of the robe, 
otherwise as No. 100. l.c. wyon under bust. 




R 


As No. 89. 


105. 


0: 


As last. 




R 


As No. 90. 


lOG. 





As last. 




R 


. As No. 93. 


107. 





As last. 




R. 


As No. 94. 


108. 


0: 


As last. 




R 


: As No. 99. 




109. 



110. 
111. 




R 



0: 
R 



In addition to these numerous patterns the 
various reverses are joined together to make 
other varieties, which will not require 
describing, being simply mules. 

Laureated bust as No. 89. 

Chinese characters as No. 89 within a beaded 
circle, HONG-KONG above * ONE CENT 
1862 ego below, a small dot in the centre. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1863. 
Large bust as No. 104. 
As No. 109. 



HONG KONG. 



225 



112. 



0: 

B 



113. 0; 
R 

114. 
115. 
116. 
117. 
118. 
119. 
120. 
121. 



Cash. 
122. 0; 
B 



123. 
124. 



Smaller bust crowned and robed as No. 100. 

As No. 109. 

This last piece was the type which was 
afterwards in the succeeding year adopted 
for permanent use, although in a smaller size 
than the patterns, they being ]§ of an inch, 
whereas the following are only |g of an inch. 

Bust as No. 100. 

Chinese characters in a beaded circle, HONG- 
KONG c8= ONE CENT 1863 *. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1865. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1866. 

Similar to last^ excepting date, which is 1875. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1877. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1879. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 
Nos. 113, 115, 117 and 120 occur as proofs^ 
and Nos. 117 and 120 have a small h for 
Heaton. 

A square in centre HONG-KONG. ONE CASH. 
A square in centre surrounded by Chinese 

characters ^^ ." — . 

Similar to last, but with a round hole in centre 

of square. 
Similar to No. 124, but with a crown above 

square and V liil under, and date at sides 

1863. 




15 



226 HONG KONG. 

125. Similar to last^ but no square on either side. 

This and the following four pieces although 
called " Cash " are smaller than the preced- 
ing, and just the size of the Mil which follows. 

126. Similar to last, but with no hole in centre. 

127. Similar to last, square on obverse only and a 

dot in centre of reverse. 

128. Similar to last, circle in place of square on 

either side. 

129. Similar to last, neither circle or square but a 

dot in centre on both sides. 

These are only met with as proofs and 

were never issued. 
Mil. 

130. : A square pierced with round hole, a crown 

above, v r below, date at sides 18 — 63. 
HONG-KONG ONE MIL. 
R : A square surrounded by Chinese characters 

131. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18 — 64. 

132. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18 — 65. 

133. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 18 — 66. 

There are proofs of Nos. 130, 131 and 133. 

White Metal. 

134. : A square pierced with round hole, ROYAL 

MINT ^. 1862 >lc 
B : A rose, shamrock and thistle issue from three 
sides of square, a lion under. 

Nickel Token. 

135. : A round hole in centre, W SMITH . HONG- 

KONG. 
R : A round hole in centre, VALUE . II . CENTS. 
The following are patterns only, never 
having been issued, and arc very rare. 



hong kong. 227 

Patterns. 

One Tuel. 

136. : Coroneted bast of Queen, to left . VICTORIA 
QUEEN. 

R: Chinese characters n§>^i^ ^'^'^^^^ ^ ^ot in the 

centre and the word TRIAL above the dot, 
086 under. ONE . TAEL . HONG-KONG 
* 1867 * 
Arms in garter crowned 982 and 366 under 
^ONE TAEL SHANGHAI hong 1867 kong. 
The Chinese dragon within a garter, Chinese 

characters j^;^ Jl round outside garter. 



A crown within a beaded circle, TWO MACE . 
SHANGHAI ♦ 1867 ^ 
R : An eight-pointed star in a beaded circle, sur- 
rounded by Chinese characters. 



137. 


0: 




R: 


Tioo Mace. 


138. 


0: 






15 ^^ 



SARAWAK (NORTH BOBNEO). 

Sarawak in North Borneo was founded by Sir Jas. Brooke, 
who was appointed Rajah in 1841^ and through his instru- 
mentality the Island of Labuan or Sultana and the adjacent 
dependencies became incorporated with the British Empire, 
and were formally taken possession of in the presence of 
the Bornean chiefs, December 2nd, 1846. Previously to 
this, so long ago as 1804, the East Indian Company had 
struck small coins (Kapangs) for Labuan similar to those 
struck for Sumatra. 

A company trading to Borneo had a charter granted to 
them as the North Borneo Company, and cents and half 
cents were coined for them by Messrs. Heaton and Sons in 
1882 and following years. 



y 



Sarawak. 
Cent. 

1. 0: Bust to left. J BROOKE RAJAH. 

B: ONE CENT in a wreath. SARAWAK over it. 
Date under 1863. 
Salf Cent. 

2. Similar to No. 1, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Cent. 

3. Similar to No. 1, excepting in size and value. 

Cent. 

V' 4. : Bust to left. C BROOKE RAJAH. 

R : Similar to Rev : of No. 1. Date 1870. 

5. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1879. 

6. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 

7. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

8. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 



SARAWAK (NOIJTII BOKNEO). 



229 



FalfCent. 
v/^9. Similar to No. 4, excepting in size and value, 

date 1870. 




Quarter Cent. 

10. Similar to No. 4, excepting in size and value, 

date 1870. 

There are proofs of Nos. 1-3, also 5 and 9. 




1l}r-v- ^' 



LABUAN OB ISLAND OF SULTANA. 

1 . : Arms, supporters, &c., of the East India Company. 

ISLAND OF SULTANA 1804. 
B : Malay characters p i^Ai c^^L t r t « " One Kapang 
1219." 

2. : As last. 

B: The rev: of a Kapang of Molucca (Celebes) 
having a 16-rayed star in centre and legend 
in Malayan characters round = " Land of 
Buggi, One Kapang." 1250. 

3. : Shield with two unicorns as supporters, a castle 

for crest between two flags. ISLAND OF 
SULTANA 1835. 
B: Malay characters, ='' Malay Island, 1411." See 
note to No. 3 Malacca. 

4. Similar to preceding, but with a single flag in 

place of crest. 

5. Similar to last, but the flag hangs in a different 

direction, and there is no legend on obverse. 




BRITISH NOBTH BORNEO COMPANY. 



1. 0: Arms, supporters, &c., PERGO ET PER AGO 
on a ribbon, date under 1 882, a small H above 
date. 



E: ONE CENT 



2. 
3. 



4. 0: 
R: 

5. 



NORTH BORNEO Co 



within a wreatli BRITISH 



cr-»y 



L 



Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886. 




HALF CENT 5 ^ within a 



Ornamental shield of arms, date under 1885, a 
small H above date (for Heaton). 

wreath, BRITISH 

NORTH BORNEO Co. i^^.. <u:; 
Similar to last, excepting date which is 1886. 

All these pieces may be met with in proof 
condition. 



-»'f| 



* 




^i-^-iie-s^' 



^J 



^-^ 



MAURITIUS. 

Mauritius, or the Isle of France, was discovered by the 
Portuguese in 1505. It was taken by the Dutch in 1598 
and was named by them after Prince Maurice. It afterwards 
came into the possession of the French, who held it till 1810^ 
when it was taken by the English and has since been retained 
by them. Ruding informs us that on April 24th, 1820, 
half dollars, with the quarter, eighths and sixteenths, were 
ordered to be struck. In 1821-2 there were pieces of 50 
and 25 Cents in white metal struck at the Calcutta mint for 
Mauritius of the value of Rs. 116.477. — Prinsep's Tables, 
p. 57. 

Silver Coins. 

Half Dollar. 

1. : Ornamental shield of arms GEORGIUS IV D : 

G : BRITANNIARUM F : D : 
R : An anchor crowned, between II-II, COLONIAR : 
BRITAN : MONET : 1820. 

I have described this coin from a similar 
one dated 1822 which was struck for the 
West Indies (ivhich see) . I doubt the existence 
of a half dollar of 1820, but as it ought to 
exist I have included it, hoping it may turn up 
some day. 
Quarter Dollar. 

2. Similar, but with lY-IY at sides of anchor. 
Eighth Dollar. 

3. Similar, but with VIII-VIII at sides of anchor. 
Sixteenth Dollar. 

4. Similar, but with XVI - XVI at sides of anchor. 

There are proofs of Nos. 2, 3 and 4. 



MAURITIUS. 



2:33 



Twenty Cents. 

5. : Coroneted bust of Queen to left, neck bare, a 

small H under bust, VICTORIA QUEEN. 
R: 20 ^^^^^^^ ^ beaded circle, MAURITIUS ° 
TWENTY CENTS 1877 o 

6. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1878, 

and there is no initial under bust. 

7. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882, 

and there is no initial under bust. 

8. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882, 

and initial H under bust. 

9. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1883, 

no initial under bust. 

10. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886. 

Tt'ii Cents. 

11. : Bust as before with initial H under. 

B : 10 ^i^^^^ ^ heQ.d.edi circle MAURITIUS o TEN 
CENTS 1877 o 

12. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1878, 

and without initial under bust. 

13. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880, 

and without initial under bust. 

14. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882, 

with initial H under bust. 

15. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1883, 

no initial under bust. 

16. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886. 

17. Five Cents, similar to preceding, excepting in 

size and value, dated 1877. This is a pattern, 
and was not issued for circulation, and is, 
necessarily, scarce. 

There are proofs of the 20 and 10 Cents 
for 1877, 1878, 1883 and 1886, and possibly 
for the other years, which i have not seen. 



234 



MAURITIUS. 



18. 



R: 



19. 0: 
B: 



White Metal Coins. 

A palm (?) witliin a double circle, inscribed 
GOUV : DE MAURICE ET DEP : tbe wbole 
surrounded bj a zigzag border. 

povr 1 50 I Sous, in three lines within a double 
circle, inscribed RECU AU : BUR : DU 
TRES : the -whole surrounded by a zigzag 
border as before. 




RECU \ ail \ TRESOR in three lines within a 
circle surrounded by a zigzag border. 

povr 1 25 1 Sous in three lines within a circle 
surrounded by a zigzag border. 



Bronze Coins. 

Five Cents. 

20. : Coroneted bust to left, neck bare . VICTORIA 

QUEEN. 
R: 5 within a dotted circle, IMAURITIUS M- 

FIVE CENTS 1877 * 

21 . Similar to last, but with a small h under bust. 

22. Similar to No. 20, except date, which is 1878, 

no initial, 

23. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882, and 

with initial H under bust. 

24. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1883, no 

initial. 

25. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 



MAURITIUS. 235 

26. Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1888. 
Ihvo Cents. 

27. : Similar to No. 20. 

B: g within a beaded circle MAURITIUS * 

TWO CENTS 1877 :fc 

28. Similar to last, but witb a small h under bust. 

29. Similar to No. 27, excepting date, which is 1878, 

no initial. 

30. Similar to No. 27, excepting date, which is 1882, 

and with initial under date. 

31 . Similar to No. 27, excepting date, which is 1883, 

no initial. 

32. Similar to No. 27, excepting date, which is 1884. 

33. Similar to No. 27, excepting date, which is 1888. 

One Cent. 

34. : Similar to No. 20. 

E: 1 within a beaded circle, MAURITIUS * 

ONE CENT 1877 ♦ 

35. Similar to last, but with a small h under bust. 

36. Similar to No. 34, excepting date, which is 1878, 

no initial. 

37. Similar to No. 34, excepting date, which is 1882, 

and with initial under bust. 

38. Similar to No. 34, excepting date, which is 1883, 

no initial. 

39. Similar to No. 34, excepting date, which is 1884. 
lO. Similar to No. 34, excepting date, which is 1888. 

There are proofs of each denomination of 
1877 with and without the initial, and also of 
1878, there may be others which I have not 
seen. 



COINS AND TOKENS 



OF THE BRITISH POSSESSIONS 



IN 



AFRICA. 



INCLUDING 



Gold Coast, 
SiEEBA Lbone, 
St. Helena, 



Cape Colony, 
Griqtta Town, 
AND Natal. 



COINS OF THE AFRICAIST COMPANY 
ON THE GOLD COAST. 

The African Company arose out of an association formed in 
London in 1588, A charter was granted to a joint stock 
company in 1618^ a second company was created in 1631_, 
a third in 1662 ; another in 1672 was formed by letters 
patent which was remodelled in 1695. In 1750 the African 
Company, which struck the following coins, was constituted 
by Act of Parliament. 

It was abolished in 1821, and its forts and settlements 
were transferred to the Crown. 



Silver Coins. 
AcTcey or Crown. 

1. : '^ :^ in monogram within a wreath, a crown 

above divides the date, which is 17 — 96. 
Bj : Shield of arms with supporters and crest, 
FREE TRADE TO AFRICA . BY ACT OF 
PARLIMENT . 1750. 

2. A bronze proof of the above has the spelling of 

PARLIAMENT corrected. 
Salf Ackey. 

3. Similar to No. 1, excepting in size and value, and 

that there are no supporters on obverse. 




GOLD COAST. 



239 



Quarter AcTcey. 
4. Two Takoe piece^ similar excepting in size and 

value. 
One Takoe Piece. 



b. 

AcTcey. 

0. 



i? 



Half Ackey. 

7. 



8. 



B 



Similar, but without legend on reverse. 

Bust to right, laureated, GEORGIUS III 
D : G : BRITANNIAR : REX F : D : Upon 
the truncation of the neck there is a small n . 
and under the bust 1 ackey trade 1818. 

Arms, supporters, &c. as before, FREE . 
TRADE . TO . AFRICA . BY . ACT . OF . 
PARLIAMENT . 1750. 

Y^ ACKEY TRADE similar to last excepting in size 
and value. 

There are silver, pewter, and bronze proofs 
of all these pieces. 

There is a small copper token which is 
usually assigned to the West Coast of Africa, 
which I will place here although the grounds 
for doing so are very slight, it is as follows: — 

LAIRD at the top, SPERO IMLIOLA upon a 
ribbon issuing from a staff which divides 



400 



and 400 the date 1858 at the 

PENNY DOLLAR, 

bottom. 
A three-masted steamer, j^, = (400) above, and 
irvf = (1274) below. 



SIEBBA LEONE. 

The first settlement of Sierra Leone took place in 1776, 
when a great number of Negroes and about sixty women 
of bad character were sent out from London at the expense 
of the British Government to form the Colony. The 
project, however, did not succeed ; and a number of 
persons, interested in the abolition of the slave trade, took 
the affair in hand. A capital was raised amongst several 
subscribers and they became incorporated as the Sierra 
Leone Company in October, 1791. 



Silver Coins. 

1. : A lion preparing to spring. SIERRA LEONE 

COMPANY AFRICA. 
B : Black and white hands clasped, 100 above and 
below, ONE DOLLAR PIECE 1791. 

2. Half Dollar similar, except in size and value, 

50 above and below. 

3. ''Twenty Cent Piece" similar, 20 above and 

below. 

4. "Ten Cent Piece" similar, 10 above and 

below. 

5. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1 796 

6. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1805. 

There are gilt and bronze proofs of all 
these pieces, and there is a copper proof of 
No. 2, 



Penny. 

7. 
R 



SIKRRA LKONE. 
COI'PKR. 



241 



As No 1. 

Two hands clamper!, 1 above aud below them 
ONE PENNY PIECE 1791. 




Cent. 
9. 0: 
B: 
10. 



Similar to last, but from smaller dies. 

As before. 

As before, but ONE CENT PIECE 1791. 
Similar to last, but dated 1796. 
There are bronze proofs of all these pieces. 






f^M'*^ 



-^ 



16 



ST. HELENA. 

An island in tlie South Atlantic Ocean, was discovered by 
tbe Portuguese under Juan de Nova Castilla on St. Helena's 
Day, May 21st, 1502. The Dutch afterwards held it till 
they were expelled by the English in 1600. The British 
East India Company settled here in 1651, and the island 
was held alternately by the Dutch and English till 1673, 
when Charles II. assigned it to the Company once more. 
St. Helena was the place of Napoleon's captivity and here 
he died. May 5th, 1821. The population of the island in 
1871 was 6241. 



Silver. 

1. 0: Arms, supporters, &c. of the East India Com- 

pany. 
B : ST HELENA \ HALFCROWN | 1823 . in three 
lines within a wreath. 

2. Shilling similar, excepting in size and value, and 

dated 1833. 

3. Sixpence similar. 

These are patterns for a coinage which was 
never issued, they are usually met with as 
bronze or copper proofs. 



Copper. 
4. : As No. 1. 

B: ST HELENA | HALFPENNY | 1821, in three 
lines within a wreath. 



ST. HELENA. 



243 




0: x^ ^ ^^^ in the centre, ONE HALFPENNY Jj^ 
R: BY I SOLOMON | DICKSON | AND | 
TURNER iu five lines in the centre, PAY- 
ABLE AT ST HELENA ■!€ 

Bronze proofs are met with of No. 4. 



-lite 



* 






""'^(^C 

$ 



^*' 



IG * 



CAPE COLONY. 

The Cape of Good Hope was occupied by the Dutcli in 1600, 
reduced by the English in 1795, and restored to Holland by 
the peace of Amiens in the year 1802. 

It was again taken by the English in January, 1806, and 
finally confirmed to them at the Congress of Vienna, 1814* 
There are no coins struck for this Colony, and the following 
are the only known tokens. 



CoppEE Tokens. 

Halfpenny size. 

1. : MARSH & SONS IMPORTERS CAPETOWN. 
R: A three-masted steamer, HALFPENNY 

TOKEN . TO FACILITATE TRADE. 

2. : J. W. IRWIN in centre. TEA MERCHANT 

& GROCER . CAPETOWN. 
B : Arms, supporters, &c. CAPE op GOOD HOPE 
1879. 

3. 0: WHYTE & Co. TEA MERCHANTS & 

GROCERS . CAPE TOWN . 
R : A female seated on the ground leaning against 
an anchor, CAPE OF GOOD HOPE 1861. 




GRIQUA TOW'N. 

Griqua Land West, in the diamond-fields of Soutli Africa. 
It seems to have been acquired in the usual manner about 
1850, when it had about four hundred white inhabitants. 
It was annexed to the British dominions in November, 1871. 
" Boyne " supposes the following tokens to have been 
issued by the London Missionary Society for the Griquas, n 
mixed breed of Dutch, Hottentots, and Kaffirs, who settled 
near the Colony of Natal. I have made inquiries of the 
Society's agents, but have learned nothing to justify this 
supposition. 

Silver. 

ShilVnifi size. 

1 . : A dove flying, with an olive branch in its mouth. 
R: 10 in the centre, GUIQUA above, TOWN 
under. (? Ten pence.) 




Sixpenny size. 
2. : As before. 

B : mil in the centre, legend as before. (? Five 
pence.) 



Copper. 



Halfpennij. 

3. : As before. 
1 . 



R : 2 in the centre, legend as before. 



NATAL. 

An attempt was made to colonize this district in 1823 by 
Lieut. Farewell and some emigrants. A number of dis- 
contented Boers from Cape Colony settled here in 1837, and 
it was declared a Colony in 1843, and in 1856 was formed a 
separate Colony. 

Boyne in his " Silver Tokens'^ says that in 1860 so great 
was the scarcity of small change here as to occasion the 
striking in thin brass of the token for sixpence described 
below. 
Sixpence. 

1. 0: SIXPENCE I 1860 | NATAL. In three lines. 
jB : Blank. Struck on a thin piece of brass about 

the size of a farthing. 

Probably Boyne was mistaken about this, 
and that the thin piece of brass he speaks of 
was only a trial of the obverse die of the 
following token which is struck in white 
metal, a copy being in the British Museum. 

2. : SIXPENCE I 1860 | NATAL. In three lines. 
R : DURBAN [ 6D I CLUB. In three lines. 



COINS AND TOKENS 



OF THE BKITISH POSSESSIONS 



AMERICA, 



EMBEACING 

Eablt American. I Magdalen Island. 

Newfoundland. | Bbitish Columbia. 

New Beunswick. Canada. 

Nova Scotia. Tnic West Indies. 

Pbince Edwakd's Island. British Honduras. 

British Guiana. 



EABLY COINS OF AMEBICA. 

Under this Bead we class all coins struck by, or for, our 
possessions in what are now the United States, prior to 
their Declaration of Independence in the year 1776, the very 
earliest of which is in all probability the following jeton or 
token, which is supposed to have been issued by Sir Walter 
Raleigh for the settlement made by him in Virginia, 1584. 
It is in brass, and as follows : — 

1. : A boy seated under a tree, his head resting on 

his right hand, and holding a skull in his left. 
By his left foot is a rose bush. 
B: A rose with two leaves, within a double circle 
inscribed, AS . SOONE : AS WEE . TO . 
BEE . BEGVNNE ^ WE . DID . BEGINNE : 
TO . BE . VNDONE : ^ 
MASSACHUSETTS, OR NEW ENGLAND. 
This was the first of the American colonies to establish a 
mint of its own, and prior to 1651 silver coins were in 
circulation as follows : — 

Shilling for New England. A silver planchet bearing on 
an indent : — 

2. : i\E being initials of New England. 
B: XII ,for value; one shilling. 



Sixpence. 

3. Similar excepting in size and value, marked VI. 
Threepence. 

4. Similar, marked III. 



EARLY AMERICAN. 



251 



In the year 1652 a regular coinage of silver was com- 
menced, consisting of shillings, sixpences, and threepences, 
of two distinct types, the one bearing an oak-tree and the 
other a pine-tree. 

These were continued for thirty years without any altera- 
tion of date, which is 1652. 

There are also twopences of the oak-tree type dated 
1662. There are many varieties in the dies of these pieces, 
differing not only in the form of tree and disposition of 
branches, but also in number and size of beads, forming an 
inner circle on both obverse and reverse, as well as in the 
letters of the legends, and the punctuation thereof. These 
variations will best be shown by the following table, which 
is abridged from a valuable work by Dr. Crosby issued by 
the New England Numismatic and Archffiological Society, 
to which I would refer those wishing to more fully investi- 
gate this subject. 

Pine-tree Series. 

: A pine-tree in a circle of dots . MASATHV- 
SETS . IN . 

R: Value and date in a circle of dots. NEW 
ENGLAND . AN . DOM . 

The varieties of this series will best be 
distinguished by the differences in legend and 
in number of branches and of points at top of 
tree, which in the following table will be 
marked as 737, which means, seven branches 
on each side and three points to top of tree. 




252 EAKLY AMERICAN. 









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SETS . IN . 
R : Value and date in a circle of dots. NEW 
ENGLAND . AN . DOM . 

The date of all with the exception of the 
twopence is 1652, the latter is 1662. 

The varieties will best be distinguished by 
the number of beads forming inner circle, and 
by differences of legend and punctuation. 




EARLY AMKRICAN. 



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EARLY AMERICAN. 



257 



BA.LTIMORE, OR MARYLAND. 

The next in order are the coins struck in England for 
Lord Baltimore in IGGO^ and consist of shillings, sixpences, 
and groats in silver, and a penny in copper, only one speci- 
men of which latter coin is known to exist ; this was sold at 
the sale of Rev. J. Martin for the large sum of £75, and 
went to America. 



Shilling. 
5G. 0: 

Sixpence. 

57. 

Groat. 

58. 

Penny. 
59. 0: 



Bust to L. CzECILlVS : DNS : TERR^- 

MARIiE&CT*^ 
A shield crowned between X-II. CRESCITE : 

ET : MVLTIPLICAMINl . 

Similar to last, except in size and value, V — I. 
Similar to last, except in size and value, I— V. 

Bust to L. CiECILIVS : Dns : TERRiE- 

MARI^ & C . -f 
Two flags issuing from a ducal crown. DE- 

NARIVM : TERRiE-MARI^ -f 

A proof of the sixpence exists struck in 

copper. 




Tin Piece for the Plantations. 
The next piece which falls under our observation is a 
very curious one in an economical point of view. It 
recognizes a Spanish currency as generally prevalent in the 
American plantations, and offers the means of small change 
in the terms of the Spanish mint. 

17 



zoo EARLY AMERICAN. 

60. 0: Figure of James II. on horseback. JACOBUS. 
II . D . a . MAG . BRI . FRAN . ET . 
HIB . REX. 
R : Four shields crosswise crowned. The shields, 
which are joined with chains, bear the arms 
of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland. 
Legend in four quadrants VAL . 24 . 
PART . REAL . HISPAN . 




There is no date to this coin, but being during the 
reign of James II. it must have been issued between 1685 
and 1688. 



New York Token. 

The token next to be considered is one about which 
nothing can be said but what is founded entirely upon 
conjecture. By some it has been thought to be of Dutch 
origin, but there is little room for such an opinion, as 
the legend is English, such as it is. Again, it is very 
difficult to assign a date to it, but it was most Kkely struck 
late in the 17th century, say between 1667, when New 
York was confirmed to England by the Peace of Breda, 
and 1710, after which date the name was rarely spelt with 
an E. It is found in brass and lead. 

61. : An eagle displayed. ^ NEW . YORKE . IN . 
AMERICA ^.^ 
B : A group of five palm-trees, Venus on the right- 
hand side, and Cupid with his bow in his 
hand, running, on the left-hand side. 



EARLY AMERICAN. 



259 



The "St. Patrick" or "Mark Newby" Coppers. 

Upon the 19th of November, 1681, there arrived ia New 
Jersey a party of Irish emigrants, Mark Newby and his 
family being among them. He brought with him a quantity 
of the pieces known as St. Patrick's halfpence, which, in 
consequence of the scarcity of small change there, were in 
the ensuing May made current in that State under certain 
conditions expressed in the act by which they were 
authorized. This act is found in the " Grants, Concessions 
and Original Constitutions of the Province of New Jersey,'' 
under date of May 8th, 1682. 

62. 0: David playing the harp. FLOEBAT J;c REX. 
B : S. Patrick surrounded by the people. ECCE . 
GREX. 

There are several varieties of this piece, 
but as they belong rather to the Irish series 
than the Colonial it is not thought necessary 
to further describe them. 



Caeolina and New England Halfpennies. 

We have next the two pieces with the above title which 
were issued in 1694. These appear to have been private 
speculations, and to have had no very extensive currency. 
They are both extremely rare and command high prices. 
They are of English manufacture, and the obverse is not 
only similar to, but absolutely from, the same die as the 
" London " halfpenny ; but whereas the London halfpenny 
weighs from 210 to 240 grains, the heaviest of these do not 
exceed 160 grains. 

17 * 



260 



EAKLY AMERICAN. 



Carolina Halfpenny. 

63. : An elephant to the left. 

B: GOD I PRESERVE | CAROLINA AND | 
THE LORDS | PROPRIETORS | 1694. In 

six lines. 




New England Halfpenny. 

64. : An elephant to the left. 

R: GOD I PRESERVE | NEW | ENGLAND 
1694. In five lines. 




ROSA AMERICANA SERIES. 

We now come to the consideration of these interesting 
but unfortunate coins. Struck in brass or bronze, beautiful 
as works of art, and presenting a remarkably fine portrait 
of the king (George I.), and infinitely superior to any other 
coins in circulation as regards intrinsic value, they were yet 
exceedingly unpopular, and, practically speaking, were never 
in any quantity circulated in America. It is usual to deno- 
minate these as the penny, halfpenny, and farthing ; but 
they were, in fact, twopenny pieces, pennies, and halfpennies. 
Of this coinage there are several types, as follows : — 



EARLY AMERICAN. 



261 



Twopenny Pieces. 

65. : Bust to riglit, GEORGIVS . D : G : M : B : FR • 

ET . H : REX : 
K: II crowned . 1717 over . MAG : BRIT . ERA . 
ET . HIRER . REX. 

66. : Bust to right, GEORGIUS . D : G : ]\IAG : 

BRI : ERA : ET . HIB : REX. 
R: A full-blown rose. ROSA AMERICANA. 
UTILE DULCE. 

67. Similar to last, but with UTILE DULCI on :. 

label. 




68. 



69. 







R 


70. 







R 



Similar to last, but with dato 1722 following 
legend on reverse. 

As No. 66. 

A full-blown rose crowned . ROSA . AMERI- 
CANA . 1723. UTILE . DULCI . on label. 

Bust to left, GEORGIUS . II . D . G . REX. 

Rose branch bearing seven leaves, rose and bud. 
ROSA AMERICANA 1 733 . UTILE . DULCI. 
on label. 




262 



EARLY AMERICAN. 



71. 







B 


72. 







R 


73. 







B 


74. 




75. 




76. 







B 



Pennies. 

Bust to right. GEOEGIUS : D : G : M : BEI : 

FRA : ET . HIB : EEX. 
I crowned . DAT . PACEM. . ET . NOUAS . 

PREBET . ET . AUGET . OPES. 
As last. 
I crowned, within a wreath . BRUN : ET . LUN : 

DUX : SA : ROM : MI : (IM?) ARC=THE : 

ET . PR : ELECT. 
Bust to right, GEORGIUS . DEI . GRATIA . 

REX. 
A full-blown rose. ROSA . AMERICANA . 

UTILE. DULCI. 1722 ^ 
As last, but ROSA . AMERICANA ^ UTILE . 

DULCI. 1722 ^ 
As No. 73 but no rose after date. 
As No. 73. 
Rose crowned. ROSA . AMERICANA . 1723. 

On a label UTILE . DULCI. 




There is a variety of this piece having the 
A? spread out very wide. 

77. : As No. 73. 

Rose crowned. ROSA AMERI 1724. UTILE 
DULCI. 

This is given on the authority of the Rev. 
H. Christmas. I have not seen it. 



EARLY AMERICAN. 



268 



Halfpennies. 

78. : Bust to right, GEORGIUS REX. 

R : ~ crowned. DAT . PACEM . ET . AUGET . 
OPES. 
70. : Bust to right, GEORGIUS . D : G : REX. 

R : Rose. ROSA . AMERI : UTILE : DULCI . 1722. 
80. : Bust to right, GEORGIUS : DEI . GRATIA . 
REX. 
R : Rose. ROSA . AMERI : UTILE . DULCE . 1 722. 
8L 0: As No. 73. 

R: Rose. ROSA . AMERICANA . UTILE . 
DULCE .1722 ^ 

82. 0: As No. 73. 

R: Rose. ROSA . AMERICANA * UTILE 
DULCE. 1723 ^ 

83. : As No. 73. 

R : Rose crowned. ROSA . MIERICANA . 1723. 
Upon a label under UTILE . DULCE. 

The following piece is described, not because I consider 
it as strictly belonging to this series, but because it bears 
a considerable resemblance to the twopence of 1733, and 
might be confounded with it. 



84. 



R 



Bust to right, GEORGIUS . DEI . GRATIA . 

REX. 
A rose bush, bearing one full-blown rose, two 

buds closed, and two partly open. ROSA : 

SINE : SPINA. 
It is about the penny size of this series. 



The Geanby or Higlet Tokens. 

These pieces are said to liave been struck by a blacksmith 
named John Higlcy, of Granby, in the State of Connecticut. 



264 EARLY AMERICAN. 

The authorities appear to have taken no notice of his issues 
of coin, which seem to have continued for about three years 
— from 1737 to 1739 — specimens being extant bearing these 
dates^ though I have not seen or heard of any dated 1738. 
The following is a description of the principal varieties, the 
different sides being mixed or " muled " to make more : — 

8b. 0: A deer standing facing left. S" THE .VALVE . 
OF . THREE . PENCE. 
R : Three banners, each crowned. ^ CONNEC- 
TICVT . 1737. 

86. 0: As last. ^ VALVE . ME . AS . YOU . 

PLEASE, if- III with a crescent under it 
beneath the deer. 
B: As last, rs- . I . AM . GOOD . COPPER . 
:i::- :;: ■:::: 1737. 

87. 0: As before, but a crescent on field above deer. 

^" VALUE . ME . AS . YOU . PLEASE . if- 
B : A broad axe. ^^ J . CUT . MY . WAY . 
THROUGH. 

88. As No. 87, but the date 1739 follows legend on 

B: 

They are all extremely rare. 



The Pitt Penny. 

The history of this piece is better known than most 
American tokens. The Stamp Act was passed March 22nd, 
1765, and repealed, principally by the agency of Mr. Pitt, 
March 18th, 1766. This coin, or rather medalet, was struck 
to commemorate this event by Mr. Smithers, of Phila- 
delphia, from the designs of Colonel Revere, of Boston. 
Although doubtless originally intended for this purpose 
only, it soon became, in consequence of the dearth of small 
change, converted into currency. 



EARLY AMERICAN. 



205 



89. 0: Bust of Pitt to left. THE RESTORER OF 
TRADE AND COMMERCE . 1766. NO. 
STAMPS. ^ 

B: Three-masted ship. / THANKS TO THE 

FRIENDS OF LIBERTY AND TRADE. 



Virginia HalI'Tenny. 

There is much doubt whether the coin no\v to be described 
was ever really an authorized issue, for although bearing 
the bust, arms, and title of the king, there is no record 
concerning it, and most likely it was a private speculation. 
90. : Bust to right, GEORGIUS . HI . REX. 

B : Shield of arms crowned, the crown divides date 
17-73 VIRGINIA. 




91. A variety has no dot after GEORGIUS, and 

there are several other minor differences. 

A few specimens are struck on thicker and larger pieces 
of metal, and are sometimes called, without good reason, 
pennies. They are extremely rare. A silver proof exists 
dated 1774, and, on the authority of the Rev. H. Christmas, 
I believe, a bronze proof of the same date, but these too 
are exceedingly rai'e. 

This exhausts the list of the pre-revolutionary coins and 
tokens of the American colonies, which, in 1776, declared 
themselves " free, sovereign, and independent," which inde- 
pendence was recognized by the mother-country in 1783. 



COINS AND TOKENS OF 
NEWFOUNDLAND. 

Newfoundland^ an island situate on the N.E. side of the 
Gulf of St. Lawrence, was discovered by Sebastian Cabot in 
1497, who called it Prima Vista. It was formally taken 
possession of for the English by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 
1583, and the fisheries which were soon after commenced 
became of so much importance that in the year 1625 more 
than 150 ships were employed in them, from the Devonshire 
ports alone. The sovereignty of England was recognized 
in 1713, and in 1832 Newfoundland obtained the privilege 
of a colonial legislature, and at the present time it is the 
only North American colony which returns its indepen- 
dence, all the others being merged in the Dominion of 
Canada. 

Although politically and commercially of much less 
importance than the latter colony, from the numismatic 
point of view Newfoundland claims precedence, as being 
the only place to issue gold coins, which precedence it also 
deserves by the order of seniority. 



Gold Coins. 

1. 0: Laureated bust to left. VICTORIA D : G : 
REG : NEWFOUNDLAND. 
E-. 2 I DOLLARS | 1 865 in three lines within a beaded 
circle. TWO HUNDRED CENTS above, 
ONE HUNDRED PENCE below. 

This is a pattern, the form ultimately adopted 
being very similar, the only diflFerence being 
in the shape and size of the letters of the 



NEWFOUNDLAND. 



267 



value in the centre of E : A pattern also 
exists in copper, the : of which is similar to 
No. 1, and the B : TWO 1 DOLLARS 1 1864 
in three lines within a wreath of maple, 
similar to that used for the 10 cents of 
Canada, and surmounted by a crown. This 
is in the cabinet of H. Montagu, Esq., and 
I believe unique. 

2. Similar to No. 1, but 2 | DOLLARS | 1865 in 

Roman capitals. 

3. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

4. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872. 

5. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

6. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

7. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876. 

8. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 

9. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 

10. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882, and 

there is a small h under the date. 

11. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885, but 

without the h. 

There are proofs of each date. 



SiLVEK Coins. 

Fl/Tt/ Cents. 

12. 0: Laureated bust to left, VICTORIA DEI 

GRATIA REGINA NEWFOUNDLAND. 
R: 50 I CENTS I 1870 in three lines, within an 
ornamental border. 

13. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872, and 

with a small H under bust. 

14. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873, but 

without the h. 

15. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876, 

with the H. 



268 NEWFOUNDLAND. 

16. Similar to last, excepting- date, which is 1880, 

without the h. 

17. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 

18. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

19. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

There are proofs of Nos. 12 and 16, with 

milled edges. 

Twenty Cents. 

20. b: Bust as before, VICTORIA D : G : EEG : NEW- 

FOUNDLAND. 

R: 20 1 CENTS | 1865 in three lines within an 
ornamental border. 

21. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

22. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872, and 

with a small h under bust. 

23. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873, but 

without the h. 

24. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

25. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876, 

with the H. 

26. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880, 

without the h. 

27. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 

28. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

29. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

Proofs occur of No. 20 with plain and milled 

edge, also of No. 26 wnth milled edge. 
Ten Cents. 

30. Similar excepting in size and value, dated 1865. 

31. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

32. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872, and 

with a small H under bust. 
38. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873, but 

without the h. 

34. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

35. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876, 

with the H. 



NEWFOUNDLAND. 2G9 

36. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880, 

without the h. 

37. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 

38. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

39. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885, 

There are milled edge proofs of Nos. 30, 
36, and 39. 

Five Cents. 

40. Similar excepting in size and value, dated 18G5. 

41. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

42. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872, 

and small n under bust. 

43. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873, 

but without the h. 

44. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

45. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876. 

with the H. 

46. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880, 

without the h. 

47. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 

48. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

49. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 
Proofs of No. 40 with both plain and milled edges, 

and also with milled edges of Nos. 46 and 49. There 
are patterns of the 20 and 5 cent pieces, the : of which 
is similar to that of this series, and the R : resembles 
that of New Brunswick, which are dated 1864. 

These are proofs in copper. The 10 cent piece is most 
likely in existence, but I have not yet seen it. 

Bronze Coins. 

50. : Laureated bust to left. VICTORIA D : G : REG : 
R : The date, 1864, with a crown above it, within a 

beaded circle, surrounded with a wreath. ONE 
CENT above, NEWFOUNDLAND below. 
61. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1865. 



270 NEWFOUNDLAND. 

52. Similar to last, excepting date, whicli is 1872, 

and a small h under tlie tie of the wreath 
on 0: 

53. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873, 

but without the n. 

54. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1876, 

with the H. 

55. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880, 

without the h. 

56. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

There is a pattern cent dated 1864, which 
differs from No. 50 in the legend on : which 
is VICTORIA QUEEN. 



Tokens. 

Halfpenny size. 

57. • : Shield of arms, supporters, &c. of the Eutherford 

family. 
B : A fleece suspended, E & I . S . EUTHEEFOED 
St JOHN'S* NEWFOUNDLAND* 

58. Similar to the preceding, but with date on : 

below the shield, 1841. 

59. : As No. 57. 

B, A fleece as before. EUTHEEFOED BEO^ 
HAEBOUE GEACE NEWFOUNDLAND. 

60. Similar to preceding, but with date on : below 

the shield, 1846. 




There is a variety of this token slightly 
differing in position of letters, &c. 



NKWFOUNDLAND. 271 

61. 0: RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT . AND | 

FREE I TRADE tlio latter portion in three 
lines in the centre. 
R: Tbe date, 1860, in the centre within a circle, 
FISHERY RIGHTS FOR NEWFOUND- 
LAND. 

Farthing size. 

62. 0: PETER 1 McAUSLANE [ ST JOHN'S | 

©^_^_^ I NEWFOUNDLAND in five lines. 
B : SELLS I ALL SORTS i OF SHOP& \ STORE 
GOODS in five lines. 



COINS AND TOKENS OF THE DOMINION 
OF CANADA. 

Under this head we shall include all the coins and tokens 
struck in or for the British possessions in North America 
which have since been incorporated under this title. The 
principal part of the currency until quite recently consisted 
of tokens^ many of which were issued by banks or private 
individuals, while some were designed and executed in 
England, as a matter of speculation, and were sold in bulk 
to the merchants during the seasons of scarcity of change. 
Others again are the work of native artists, the number of 
the latter, however, being very small. There are but few 
silver coins to describe and no gold. The first of the 
Colonies to be mentioned under this heading being : — 

NOVA SCOTIA. 

Nova Scotia was discovered by Cabot in 1475, visited by 
Verrazzani and by him named Acadia in 1524; settled in 
1622 by the Scotch, under William Alexander, in the reign 
of James I. of England, from whom it received the name of 
Nova Scotia. Since its first settlement it has more than 
once changed proprietors, and was not confirmed to England 
till the peace of Utrecht in 1713. Thei^e are no silver and 
but a very few bronze coins, but there are several copper 
tokens. 

1.0: A ship in full sail, NOVA SCOTIA AND NEW 
BRUNSWICK SUCCESS. 
B : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia, 
HALFPENNY TOKEN. 



NOVA SCOTIA. 



273 




2. 0: A full-rigged ship, PAYABLE AT THE 

STORE OF J. BROWN. 
R : A thistle with four leaves, NEMO ME IMPUNE 
LACESSIT. 

3. 0: ROBERT PURVIS | CHEAP | FAMILY | 

STORE I ° WALLACE ° displayed in five 
lines. 
R: ENCOURAGE | COUNTRY | IMPORTERS 
in three straight lines. 

4. : ONE I FARTHING in two lines in the centre, 

PAYABLE AT W. L. WHITENS HALIFAX 
HOUSE HALIFAX. 
R: CHEAP I DRY GOODS | STORE in three 
lines. W. L. WHITE'S HALIFAX HOUSE 
HALIFAX. 

5. 0: A steamboat. HALIFAX STEAMBOAT 

COMPANY * 
R : FERRY TOKEN in two lines. 

This is in brass, farthing size, and is very 
scarce. 



Halfpenny size. 

6. 0: Military bust to left. BROKE HALIFAX 
NOVA SCOTIA. 

R : Britannia seated holding a trident and palm 
branch. BRITANNIA 1814. 

There are two varieties of this token which 
differ in the position of the trident. 

18 



274 NOVA SCOTTA. 

1.0: A large bust of George III. HALF PENNY 
TOKEN 1814. 
R : A three-masted ship under sail, PAYABLE 
BY CARRITT & ALPORT HALIFAX. 
d<. : A smaller bust of George III. within a circle. 
HALFPENNY TOKEN . 1814. 
B : View of a house. PAYABLE BY HOSTER^ 
MAN & ETTER . HALIFAX. 

A variety shows a slight difference in 
house on R : 
9. : V Larger bust than last, without the circle. 
HALFPENNY TOKEN 1815. 
R : As last. Although bearing a larger bust this 
token is rather smaller than the last. 

10. : As last. 

R : A ship in full sail. PAYABLE BY JOHN 
ALEX? BARRY . HALIFAX. 

11. Small bust on : otherwise same as last. 

There are three varieties of this token, 
differing in the arrangement of ship's sails. 

12. : Large bust and legend as No. 9. 
R : A ship in full sail, HALIFAX. 

13. : An Indian with bow and arrow, a dog by his side. 

STARR & SHANNON HALIFAX . 1815. 
R : A three-masted ship under sail. HALF- 
PENNY TOKEN NOVA SCOTIA. 
^ There are three varieties of this, which 
differ in the position of bow and arrow. 

14. Similar to last but the legend on : is 

COMMERCIAL CHANGE . 1815. 

15. : A cask, inscribed, spikes nails &c. within a 

circle. HALFPENNY TOKEN 1815. 
R : PAYABLE | BY | MILES W. | WHITE [ 
HALIFAX I N . S . in six lines within a 
circle. IMPORTER OF IRONMONGERY 
HARDWARES &c. 



NOVA SCOTIA. 275 

16. : A. cask marked nails & spikes between a scythe 

blado and sickle, two spades crossed above. 
PAYABLE AT W. A. & S. BLACK'S . 
HALIFAX . N . S. 
R : View of a house. WHOLESALE & RETAIL 
HARDWARE STORE 181G* 

17. Similar to last excepting that the legend on : 

is HALIFAX NOVA SCOTIA. 

Penny size. 

18. : "^ A laureated bust to left, PROVINCE OF NOVA 

SCOTIA. 
R: A thistle with two leaves, ONE PENNY 
TOKEN 1823. 

The bust on this piece is most probably 
intended for George IV. 

19. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1824, 

20. : A similar bust to last. 

R : Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1832. 

Although from the date on this coin the bust 
should be that of William IV., it is evidently 
intended to be that of George IV., as it faces to 
the left, as the preceding, all busts of William 
IV. facing to the right. 
21r : Bust of Queen, facing left, legend as before. 
^ R : Similar to last, but dated 1840. 

22. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1843. 

There are two varieties of this token, which 
differ slightly in the bust, although they are 
of equally inferior workmanship. 
Halfpenny size. 

23. Similar to No. 18, excepting in size and value, 

dated 1823. 

24. Similar to No. 18, excepting in size and value, 

dated 1824. 

25. Similar to No. 18, excepting in size and value, 

dated 1832. 

18 * 



276 NOVA SCOTIA. 

26. Similar to No. 21, excepting in size and value, 

dated 1840. 

27. Similar to No. 21, excepting in size and value, 

dated 1843. 

There are varieties of Nos. 18 and 23 wliicli 
differ in tlie shape of thistle leaves on R : 
Penny. 

28. : Coronetted bust to left. VICTORIA D : G : 

BEITANNIAE : EEG : F : D : 185G. 
B: A branch of mayflower. PROVINCE OP 
NOVA SCOTIA ONE PENNY TOKEN. 

29. HALFPENNY TOKEN similar excepting in 

size and value. 

There are bronzed proofs of these two pieces 
which are very rarely met, and there are five 
varieties differing in various minor points. 
Cent. 

30. 0. \ Laureated bust to left, VICTORIA D : G : 

BRITT : REG : F : D : 
R : A crown in the centre with the date 1861 under 
it, within a beaded circle, surrounded by a 
wreath of roses and mayflower. ONE CENT 
NOVA SCOTIA. 

31. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1862. 

32. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1864. 

The obverse die appears to be the same as 
that of the English halfpenny. 
Half Cent. 

33. Similar excepting in size and value, dated 1861. 

34. Similar excepting in size and value, dated 1862, 

35. Similar excepting in size and value, dated 1864. 

A very curious and perhaps unique trial piece or pattern 
is in the cabinet of H. Montagu, Esq., the : of which is 
similar in all respects to No. 30, the R : having a crown 
within a thick wreath of roses and rose leaves, with 186 
under the wreath, the last figure of the date not being 



NOVA SCOTIA. 



277 



filled in. The legend which extends round on the outside 
of the wreath is, NOVA SCOTIA ONE CENT. 

There is also a pattern cent and half cent, dated 1861, 
with the bust and letters of legend smaller than on those 
afterwards issued. 




NE^W BEUNS^SATICK 

New BEimswiCK was taken from Nova Scotia and elevated 
to tlie dignity of a separate colony in the year 1785. It 
became incorporated in tlie Dominion of Canada by an act 
passed March 29th, 18G7. Its interest from a numismatic 
point of view is small, as there are but few silver and bronze 
coins, and the tokens are fewer still. 



Silver Coins. 
Twenty Cents. 

1. 0: Laureated bust to left, VICTOEIA D : G : 

REG : . NEW BEUNSWICK . 
B: 20 I CENTS I 1862 in three lines within a 
wreath of maple leaves. A crown above. 

2. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1864. 

Ten Cents. 

3. Similar to No. 1, excepting in size and value, 

dated 1862. 

4. • Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1864. 

Five Cents. 

5. Similar to No. 1, excepting in size and value, 

dated 1862. 

6. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1864. 

All these occur as proofs. There is also a 
20 cent of 1871, a 10 cent of 1870, and a 
5 cent piece of 1875, but those are made by 
" muling " the : die with the B : dies of 
Canada for those dates. 



new bhunswick. 279 

Bronze Coins. 

Cents. 

7. : "^Laureated bust to left. VICTORIA D : G : 

BE ITT : REG : F : D : 
B : The date, 18G1, crowned within a beaded circle, 
surrounded by a wreath of roses and may- 
flowers, ONE CENT NEW BRUNSWICK. 
The obverse die of this piece appears to be 
identical with that of the English halfpenny. 

8. v/ Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1864. 
Half Cents. 

9. Similar to No. 7, excepting in size and value, 

dated 18G1. 
10. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1864. 

I have not seen No. 10, but give it upon the 
authority of Sandham. 



Copper Tokens. 

11. : HALF I PENNY | TOKEN in three lines in 

the centre, ST JOHNS NEW BRUNS- 
WICK^: 
R : A frigate sailing, FOR PUBLIC ACCOMMO- 
DATION. 

12. 0: E. M9 DERMOTT | IMPORTER | OF ENG- 

LISH I FRENCH & GERMAN | FANCY 
GOODS 1 KING ST 1 ST JOHNS N . B in 
seven lines. 
R : Ornamented shield of arms, with crest and 
ribbon. DEPOSITORY OF ARTS. 

13. 0:\/ Coronetted bust to left. VICTORIA DEI 

/ GRATIA REGINA . 1843. 
R'/ A frigate, NEW BRUNSWICK . ONE PENN^ 
TOKEN. 



280 NEW BEUNSWICK. 

14. HALFPENNY TOKEN similar excepting in 

size and value. 

There are bronzed and copper proofs of 
tliese two pieces, wliicli are exceedingly rare. 

15. : Filleted bust to left, legend as before, date 

1854. 
B: A frigate as before, NEW BRUNSWICK . 
ONE PENNY CURRENCY. 

16. HALFPENNY CURRENCY similar, excepting 

in size and value. 

These two latter pieces occur both with and 
without w . w incused on the neck. 



PRINCE EDWARD'S ISLAND. 



This island was taken from the French by the British in the 
year 1757, and united with Cape Breton as a colony in 1763, 
but separated again in 17G8. In 1800 it received its present 
title from Prince Edward, Duke of Kent. Its inhabitants 
are almost exclusively engaged in agriculture, considerable 
attention, however, being given to the fisheries. Allusions 
to these two points are found on most of the few tokens 
belonging to this colony, which finally became a province 
of the Dominion of Canada in 1873. 

There are but few tokens, and but one coin, and they are 
all halfpenny size, or cents. 

A steamship going to the left, HALFPENNY 
TOKEN. 

FISHERIES 1 AND | AGRICULTURE in 
three lines. 

A plough. SPEED THE PLOUGH. 

A split codfish. SUCCESS TO THE FISH- 
ERIES. 

There are several varieties of this token, 
differing chiefly in the plough on : 

A whcatsheaf and sickle. PRINCE EDWARD'S 
ISLAND HALFPENNY 1840. 

A plough. COMMERCE & TRADE* 



1. 







B 


2. 







R 



3. 
B 




282 PRINCE Edward's island. 

4. : ONE 1 CENT ] 1855 in three lines. 

R: FISHEEIES 1 AND | AGEICULTURE in 
three lines, 
v/ 5. 0: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND 1855. 

R: SELF | GOVERNMENT | AND | FREE ] 
TRADE displayed in five lines. 

6. : PRINCE EDWARD'S ISLAND 1855. 
R : As last. 

7. Similar to No. 5, excepting in date^ which is 

1857. 
/ 8. : Coroneted bust to left, VICTORIA QUEEN 
cS)1871 & 
R : Two trees within a beaded circle, PRINCE 
EDWARD ISLAND "ONE CENT ° Under 
the trees and within the circle is paeva sub 
iNGENTi in minute letters. 

This occurs also as a bronze proof. 



i 



MAGDALEN ISLAND. 

The Magdalen Islands are a small group near the centre of 
the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and about equi-distant from Cape 
Breton and Prince Edward Island. They contain about 
2000 inhabitants, who are chiefly supported by the pro- 
ductive cod, herring and seal fisheries of the neighbouring 
waters. There is but one token, and that bears direct 
reference to the prevalent industry. 

1.0: A seal, within a circle, MAGDALEN ISLAND 
TOKEN cg^lSlScg, 
B : A split codfish, also within a circle. SUCCESS 
TO THE FISHERY . ONE PENNY. 




BRITISH COLUMBIA. 

Until the year 1858 British Columbia formed a portion 
of the Hudson's Bay Territory; but in that year large 
discoveries of gold were made which, attracting a vast 
immigration of gold-diggers, rendered it necessary for the 
British Government to take measures for the maintenance 
of order, and the country was erected into a colony. In 
1866 Vancouver's Island was united to it, and in 1871 it 
became incorporated with the Dominion of Canada. There 
are no coins of this colony with the exception of the two 
following pieces, and they can scarcely be more than 
patterns, as I have only seen one of each, which is in the 
National Collection at the British Museum, having been 
presented by F. Seymour, Esq., Governor of British 
Columbia in 1864. 

1.0: A Crown. GOVERNMENT OF BRITISH 

COLUMBIA. 
R- 20 I DOLLARS | 1862 | in three lines within 

a wreath of oak leaves and acorns. 
2. 10 DOLLARS, similar, excepting in size and 

value. 









CANADA. 

Canada was discovered by John and Sebastian Cabot, on 
June 24th, 1497. In 1524 a French settlement was formed, 
and called New France, and in 1535 a Breton mariner 
named Jacques Cartier ascended the St. Lawrence as far as 
the present site of Montreal; and Quebec was founded 
about 1G08. A raid upon these settlements was made by 
the English in 1629, but the French regained possession in 
1632, which they held until 1759, when Canada was con- 
quered by the English, and their acquisition was confirmed 
to them by the Treaty of Paris in 1763. 

During this period coins of silver and copper were struck 
by the French king, Louis XIV., for his American dominions, 
but these pieces, interesting as they be to the Canadian 
collector, do not come within the scope of the present work. 

Since its incorporation with the other colonies of North 
America, in the year 1867, the whole have been termed "The 
Dominion of Canada," and silver and bronze coins are now 
issued for the entire district. These, although later in chrono- 
logical order, will first be described, and afterwards, the 
somewhat numerous series of copper tokens, and at the end 
of these will be placed a number of pence and halfpence, 
all of which were most probably struck in England, and 
which would more correctly be described as Non-Local 
Tokens of the nineteenth century, and which are usually so 
described, but which are included hero as they were used 
very freely as small change in Canada for many years, and 
are claimed by Canadian collectors as their own. 



286 CANADA. 



Silver Coins. 

50 Cents or Half Dollar. 

1. 0: Coroneted bust to left, VICTORIA DEI 

GRATIA REGINA CANADA. The initials 
L . c . w . are formed in minute characters 
upon the truncation of the neck. 
B: 50 I CENTS I 1870 in three lines within a 
wreath of maple, a crown above. 

2. s Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

3. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872, 

and with a small h under the tie of wreath 
on R : 

4. Similar to last, but without the initial h. 

5. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

6. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

7. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875 

with H . as before. 

8. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880 

with H . as before. 

9. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881 

with H . as before. 

10. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882 

with H . as before. 

11. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884 

but without the h. 

12. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885 

but without the h. 

13. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886 

but without the h. 

14. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1887 

but without the h. 

Proofs occur of the following dates — 1870 
both plain and milled edge ; 1872, without h 
1874 and 1885. 



CANADA. 287 

25 Cents or Quarter Dollar. 

15, : Bust and legend as before. 

B: 25 I CENTS | 1870 in tLroe lines within a 
wreath of maple, a crown above. 
10. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

17. Similar to last, excepting date, w^hich is 1872, 

and with a small h under the wreath on R : 

18. Similar to last, but without the h. 

19. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

20. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

21. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875, 

and H as before. 

22. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880, 

and H as before. 

23. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881, 

and H as before. 

24. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882, 

and H as before. 

25. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884, 

but without the h. 

26. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885, 

but without the h. 

27. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886, 

but without the h. 

28. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1887, 

but without the h. 

Proofs occur of 1870 with plain edge, also 
of 1872 without h, and possibly others. 

20 Cents. 

29. 0: Laureated bust to left. VICTORIA DEI 

GRATIA REGINA CANADA. 
R: 20 I CENTS I 1858 in three lines, within a 
wreath of maple, a crown above. 

This coin was only struck in this year, proofs 
occur with both plain and milled edge. 



288 CANADA, 

10 Cents. 

30. : Similar to preceding excepting in size. 

B: 10 I CENTS I 1858 in three lines within a 
wreath of maple surmounted by a crown. 

31. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

32. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

33. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872, 

and with a small H as before. 

34. Similar to last, but without the h. 

35. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

36. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

37. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875, 

and H as before. 

38. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880, 

and H as before. 

39. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881, 

and II as before. 

40. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882, 

and H as before. 

41. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884, 

but without the H. 

42. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885, 

but without the h. 

43. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886, 

but without the H. 

44. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1887, 

but without the h. 

Nos. 30, 33, 37, and 41 to 44 occur as proofs. 

5 Cents. 

45. : As before. 

B: 5 1 CENTS 1 1858 in three lines within a maple 
wreath, surmounted by a crown. 

46. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

47. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

48. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1872, 

and with a small h as before. 



CANADA. 289 

49. Similar to last, but without tlio n. 

50. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1873. 

51. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1874. 

52. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1875, 

and H as before. 

53. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880, 

54. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1881. 

55. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

56. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 

but without the h. 

57. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

58. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1886. 

59. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1887. 

There are proofs with both plain and milled 
edge of 1870 and 1875, with plain edge of 
1858 and 1885. 

. / Bronze Coins. 

GO. : Laureated bust to left, within a beaded circle, VIC- 
TORIA DEI GRATIA KEGINA CANADA. 
R: ONE I CENT | 1858 in three lines, within a 
beaded circle, and border of maple leaves. 

This is a pattern, and very scarce, the type 
issued being as follows : — 

61. 0: Coroneted bust to left, within a beaded circle, 

legend as before. 
R : ONE I CENT | 1858 in three lines within a 
beaded circle and scroll border. 

A variety has been made by combining the 
0: of No. 60 with theR: of No. 61, but this 
partakes rather of the nature of a mule. 

62. V As last, excepting date, which is 1859. 

63. As last, excepting date, which is 1876, and with 

a small B.on R: under the date. 

64. V' As last, excepting date, which is 1881, 

65. ^ As last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

19 



290 CANADA. 

J 

66. ^ As last, excepting date, which is 1884, but 

without the h. 

67. As last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

68. V As last, excepting date, which is 1886. 

69. As last, excepting date, which is 1887. 



Tokens. 
70. M!) : Female figure seated, her hand resting upon a 
harp. NOETH AMEEICAN TOKEN 1781. 
E : A two-masfced ship under sail. COMMERCE. 



71. 



R 



72. 



R 




A rivor god, with trident and urn. FERTILI- 

TATEM DIVITIAS QUE CIRCUMFERB- 

MUS 1794. 
COPPER I COMPANY | OF UPPER | 

CANADA in four lines within a circle. ONE 

HALFPENNY. 




A female presenting children to a bishop. 

BRITISH SETTLEMENTS KENTUCKY 

1796. 
Same as last. 

Nos. 71 and 72 both occur as proofs, the 

latter usually in silver. 



CANADA. 291 

73. 0: Coarsely executed bust to loft. VEXATOR 

CANADIN SIS. 
R: Female figure seated (?) RENUNTER * 
VISCAPE 1811. 

74. Legend ou : VEXATOR CANADIENSIS 

otherwise similar to preceding. 

75. : Bust as before. VEXATOR CANADIENSIS 

1811. 

R: Female figure as before RBXUNILLUS 
VISCAPE. 

There are at least two other varieties of 
this, differing in spelling and punctuation, they 
are all of excessively rude workmanship. 
7G. : CANADA | HALF | PENNY | TOKEN dis- 
played in four lines. 

R : Three-masted ship under sail. FOR PUBLIC 
ACCOMMODATION. 

77. : T. S. BROWN & C? | IMPORTERS | OF | 

HARDWARE | UPPER TOWN | QUEBEC 
displayed in four lines. 
R : An anvil with two spades crossed above it, 
between a vice and scythe-blade. 

78. -0: UN CENTIM PAYABLE | CHEZ | H. 

GAGNON & C^.? i RUE LA COURONNE | 
S ROCH QUEBEC in six lines. 
R: A beaver. MAISON JACQUES CARTIER 
ST ROCH I QUEBEC. 

79. : LYMBURNER & BROTHER | GOLD | AND 

SILVER PLATERS | GG3 | CRAIG 
STREET I MONTREAL displayed iu seven 
lines. 
R: LYMBURNER & FRERE [ D'OREURS ET 
ARGENTEURS j 063 | RUE CRAIG | 
MONTREAL displayed iu five Hues. 

The number is iu the centre, radiated, ou 
both sides. 

19 * 



292 




80. 







B 


81. 






B 



CANADA. 

FRANCIS MULLINS & SON [IMPORTERS [ 
OF] SHIP CHANDLERY I &c.[ MONTREAL 
in six lines. 

A ship in full sail. COMMERCE TOKEN. 

R. W. OWEN I MONTREAL | ROPERY in 
three lines within a cable border. 

A ship under sail. 




82. 0: J. SHAW & C? | IMPORTERS | OF | 

HARDWARES 1 UPPER TOWN | QUE- 
BEC in six lines. 
B : A kettle, knife and fork, vice, saw, spade and 
scythe-blade. 

83. 0: Bust to left. R. SHARPLEY . JEWELLER & 

WATCHMAKER NOTRE DAME ST MONT- 
REAL. 
B: IMPORTER I OF 1 SILVERWARE | <s^^<S^^ | 
<^i\>^3S3LS3EISiS- I JBSSOIf^ISi^ I CABINET- 
WARE I GLASS-WARE | &c &c &c : displayed in 
nine lines. 

This piece is struck in brass and is rather 
small for halfpenny size. 

84. : SIR ISAAC [ BROCK BART | THE HERO 

OF I UPPER CANADA | WHO FELL AT 
THE 1 GLORIOUS BATTLE OF f QUEENS- 
TOWN HEIGHTS I ON THE 13™ OCT^ | 
1812 displayed in nine lines. 
B: A ship in full sail, SUCCESS TO THE COM- 
MERCE OF UPP^ & LOW? CANADA. 



CANADA. 



293 



85. 



R 

86. 
R 



87. 

R 

88. 
R 

89. 

R 



90. 







R 


91. 







R 


92. 







R 


93. 





94. 0: 
R 



The date 1816 in the centre, with a radiation 
above and below it. SUCCESS TO COM- 
MERCE & PEACE TO THE WORLD. 

As last. 

As last. 

Two angels holding a wreath over au urn placed 
on a pedestal, which is inscribed pell | oct'; 
13 I 1812 in three lines. SIR ISAAC 
BROCK THE HERO OF UPP CANADA. 
There are two slight variations of this 
token, and one reading BROOK. 

Laureated bust to left, within a circle. HALF 
PENNY TOKEN 1816. 

A ship in full sail. MONTREAL. 

Laureated bust to right. TOKEN 1820. 

A beaver. NORTH WEST COMPANY. 

A sloop under sail. HALFPENNY TOKEN 
UPPER CANADA. 

An Indian with bow and arrow, a dog by his 
side. COMMERCIAL CHANGE 1815. 

As last. 

An anvil, with two spades crossed above it. 
COMMERCIAL CHANGE 1820. 

As before. 

A cask inscribed upper Canada. COMMERCIAL 
CHANGE 1821. 

As before. 

A plough. TO FACILITATE TRADE -^ 1823. 

As last, but dated 1833. 

A variety has the bowsprit of sloop pro- 
jecting over the final A in Canada, and 
occurs with both plain and milled edges. 

As before. 

An anvil with two spades crossed over it, between 
a vice and scythe-blade. COMMERCIAL 
CHANGE 1833. 



294 CANADA. 

Tu'opetice. 

95. : Figure of Justice standing, holding balance and 

sword. LESLIE & SONS TOKONTO & 
DUNDASS 1822. 
R : A plough, TOKEN above, 2^ currency below. 
PROSPERITY TO CANADA . LA PRU- 
DENCE ET LA CANDEUR. 

Halfpenny. 

96. : Figure of Justice as before. LESLIE & SONS 

YORK KINGSTON & DUNDAS. 
E\ A plough, TOKEN above, halfpenny below, 
legend as before. 

There are several varieties of this token, 
differing chiefly in shape of plough. 

97. 0: CANADA. 1830. 

n : HALF I PENNY in two lines. 

98. Similar to last excepting date, which is 184L 

99. : Laureated bust to left, similar to that on No. 25, 

Nova Scotia. PROVINCE OF UPPER 
CANADA. 
E : Figure of Britannia seated, holding trident and 
palm branch. HALFPENNY TOKEN 1832. 
100. 0: A cask between UN — SOU, BREWERS 
above, distillers &c &c &c below, within a 
circle. TH? & W¥ MOLSON * MON- 
TREAL * 
E: A still within a circle. CASH PAID FOR 
ALL SORTS OF GRAIN * 1837 * 

About the year 1837 the following pieces were issued, 
which are usually spoken of as the '' Un Sou Series." 
They are without date, and bear a general resemblance to 
each other ; the majority of them have a bouquet on : 
with the legend TRADE AND AGRICULTURE. Those 
easiest to identify will be described first, the remainder 
being placed in a table, for the conception of which, I am 



CANADA. 



295 



indebted to a little work published by Jos. Le Roux of 
Montreal. 

101. 0: A bouquet. AGRICULTURE & COM- 

MERGE s^ BAS-CANADA ^ 
R : An eagle holding a shield, surrounded witli 
thirteen stars. T. DUSEAMAN BUTCHER 
^ BELLEVILLE ^ 

102. : A bouquet. TRADE & AGRICULTURE ^ 

LOWER CANADA ^ 
R : "I PENNY within a wreath. BANK TOKEN 
MONTREAL. 

103. : A bouquet. TRADE AND AGRICULTURE 

LOWER CANADA. 
R: UN j sous within a wreath in two lines. 
BANK TOKEN MONTREAL. 

104. Similar to last, but legend on jR : is BANK 

OF MONTREAL TOKEN. 

105. Similar to last, but UN ( SOU within wreath 

on R : 

106. : Two maple leaves crossed. COMMERCE :fj 

BAS-CANADA * 
R : UN I SOU in two lines within a wreath. J? 
ROY MONTREAL. 

107. 0: A bouquet. AGRICULTURE & COM- 

MERCE ^ BAS-CANADA ^ 
R : UN I sou in two lines, within a wreath formed 
of five maple leaves, a five-pointed star on 
one side, and small head wearing the cap 
of liberty on the other. BANQUE DU 
PEUPLE . MONTREAL. 




296 CANADA. 

108. 0: A bouquet. AGEICULTURE & COMMERCE 
BAS CANADA. 

B : UN I sou in two lines, wifhin a thick wreath 

of maple leaves. BANQUE DU PEUPLE . 

MONTREAL . 

The remainder of this series all have as legend on : 

AGRICULTURE & COMMERCE BAS-CANADA, and 

on B : TOKEN MONTREAL. They must therefore be 

distinguished by the composition of bouquet on : and in 

some instances by the number of leaves forming the wreath 

on B : This will be done best by the arrangement of the 

following table : — 



CANADA. 



297 



O 

!zi 
O 

o 






•ssBaS 

JO sopB[a: 

JO epBan 

•S3A'B0{ 
•SOABO^ 

•S9ABa| 
8S0^ 

•S3[0OJ 

-mBqg 
•spBaii 

•spna 



•S9S0^ 



CO O 

O ^-1 

. O . 

o -^ J3 

o QJ r^ 

^ o c 

oi o t-i 

0) m f^ 

^H >. © 






(M lO t^ 

CO CO I— t 

tH <4_l ti-H 

o o o 

-*J -4J -1^ 

eS c3 Co 
<U (U O 
;h ^j ;-i 



C5 Ci 

o o 



o o 






03 

o 

? o 

' ' T— I 

00 . 
rH o 

o "^ 

2 a 



o 

CM 


S 

^ 




o 


^ 




rd 






^ 


t^ - 




a 


to 5 




<D 




, 


^ 


o 

,^2 


^ 




^ 




boo 


bo 


O 


fl 


O 


e3 






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CANADA. 



200 



In addition to those there are several other varieties made 
by taking the : of one and joining it to tlie R : of another. 
I have not seen all the pieces described, but am indebted 
to " Sandham '^ and " Le Roux " for a few. 

Penny size. 

150. : A Canadian farmer standing, with a whip in his 

hand. PEOVINCE DU BAS CANADA 
DEUX SOUS. 
R : The Canadian arras within a garter inscribed 
CONCORDIA SALU8 ; upon a ribbon is inscribed 
BANK OF MONTREAL ; abovo is BANK TOKEN 
and below the date 1837 and ONE PENNY. 

151. Similar to last, but the ribbon is inscribed 

BANK DU PEUPLE. 

152. Similar to last, but the ribbon is inscribed 

CITY BANK. 

153. Similar to last, but the ribbon is inscribed 

QUEBEC BANK. 
Halfpenny size. 

154. ^ Similar to No. 150, excepting in size and 

value. 

155. Similar to No. 151, excepting in size and 

value. 

156. Similar to No. 152, excepting in size and 

value. 

157. /Similar to No. 153, excepting in size and 

value. 
Penny size. 

158. 0: Front view of a house. PROVINCE OF 

CANADA . BANK OF MONTREAL. 
R : Similar to No. 150. 
150. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1842. 

160. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1844. 

Halfpenny size. 

161. >/ Similar to No. 150, excepting in size and 

value. 



300 
162. 



x/ 



CANADA. 



Penny size. 
163. 0: 



Similar to No. 160, excepting in size and value. 
There are bronze and copper proofs of 
these pieces. 

Corner view of a house. BANK OF MONT- 

EEAL 1838. 
Similar to No. 150, but without the date. 




164. 

Halfpenny sh 

165. 
166. 

Penny size. 
167. 0: 



R: 

Halfpenny siz 

168. ' '•• 

Penny size. 

169. 0: 

R: 



Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1839. 

Similar to No. 163, excepting in size and value. 
Similar to No. 164, excepting in size and 
value. 

Female seated by a rock, her hand resting 
upon a shield, a ship in the distance. 
QUEBEC BANK TOKEN above, and 
below the date 1852 and one penny. 

A Canadian farmer as before. PROVINCE 
DU CANADA DEUX SOUS. 

Similar, excepting in size and value. 

St. George and the dragon. BANK OF 
UPPER CANADA cg^ 1850 # 

Sword and anchor crossed over two cornu- 
copias ; a crown above and a Union Jack to 
right of the crown. BANK ^ TOKEN <%^ 
ONE . PENNY * 



CANADA. 301 

170. ^ Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1852. 

171. i/^iniilar to last, excepting date, which is 1854. 

A variety of this has no cross to bottom 
stroke of figure 4 in date. 

172. • Similar to preceding, but dated 1857. 
Halfpenny size. 

173. ^^imilar to No. 1G9, excepting in size and 

value. 

174. Similar to No. 170, excepting in size and 

value. 

175. V Similar to No. 171, excepting in size and 

value. 

17G. ' Similar to No. 172, excepting in size and 

value. 
• Bronzed proofs also occur of these pieces. 

177. 0: Bust of Queen to left, laureated. DOMINION 
OF CANADA PROVINCE OF QUEBEC. 
11 : USE I DEVINS' 1 VEGETABLE | WOEM | 
PASTILES I JULY 1ST | 1867 in five lines, 
within a beaded circle. DEVINS & BOL- 
TON * DRUGGISTS MONTREAL. 

The : of this token, or advertising ticket, bears a close 
resemblance to the cent No. 60, and the issue of it was in 
consequence forbidden by the colonial authorities. 



MISCELLANEOUS AND DOUBTFUL. 

Under this head we shall include a few railway and toll 
checks and tickets, whick although scarcely coming under 
the head of coins or tokens, are yet usually sought after 
and prized by Canadian collectors, and also a number of 
what are probably English nineteenth century non-local 
tokens, for the same reason. These latter were doubtless, 
in the absence of small change, imported and used in con- 
siderable quantities in Canada, and therefore have acquired 
in some measure ^^a local habitation/^ if not a name, as 
Canadian tokens. 

178. 0: A steamboat. LAWSOX 1821. 

B : FOUR PENCE TOKEN . BON POUR HUIT 
SOLS. 

This piece is of lead, and was a ferry 
ticket between Quebec and Point Levi. 

179. 0: A locomotive engine. MONTREAL & LA- 

CHINE RAILROAD COMPANY. 
B: A beaver, by a trunk of a tree. THIRD 

CLASS. 
This railway, when first opened, was largely used by the 
Indians and their squaws, together with the navvies 
working upon the line. The ordinary cardboard ticket not 
being sufficiently strong for this class of customers, this 
metal ticket was introduced and used instead. A hole in 
the centre of the ticket was used by the conductors to 
string them upon a piece of wire. Somewhat similar tickets 
were used upon some of our earliest English lines. 



MISCELLANEOUS AND DOUBTFUL. 



303 





R 


181. 







R 


182. 







R 


18:3. 







R 



180. : DE L'ISLE | DE MONTREAL | A REPEN- 
TIGUY 1 ON I LACHESNAYE displayed 
in five lines. 

PERSONNE above, and a wreath below. 

As last. 

CllEVAL in the centre, with a scroll above 
and below. 

As last. 

CALfiCHK iu the centre, with a floral ornament 
above and below. 

As last. 

CHARRETTE iu the centre, with two sprigs 
of laurel above and below. 

DE REPENTIGUY | A | L'ISLE DE | 
MONTREAL [ . . * . . [ON LACHES- 
NAYE . displayed in six lines. 

PERSONNE, as before. 

As last. 

CHEVAL, as before. 

As last. 

CALICHE, as before. 

As last. 

CHARRETTE, as before. 

These were toll checks for the bridge 
known as the Porteous Bridge, which was 
erected in 1808, to connect the island of 
Repentiguy wiih that of Montreal. 
180. : EVENING GLOBE . GOOD FOR ONE COPY. 
R : Same as : This is of brass, with a hole in 
the centre. 



184. 



185. R 

18G. 

R 

187. 
R 

188. 
R 



NoN-LocAL Tokens, Penny Size. 

190. : Bust of George III. ONE PENNY TOKEN 
1811. 
R : Britannia seated. COMMERCE. 



301. 




191. 







R 


192. 




193. 




194. 




195. 







B 


196. 







R 


197. 






CANADA. 

Laureated bust of George III. within a thick 

wreath of oak. 
Female seated holding scales and cornucopia. 

ONE PENNY TOKEN 1812. 
As last, but the wreath on : is divided at 

bottom to insert date 1812. 
As last, but without date on R : 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 

1818. 
Bust of George III. BON POUR DEUX 

SOUS. 
Female seated as in No. 191. ONE PENNY 

TOKEN 1813. 
As No. 191. 

Britannia seated. COMMERCE 1814. 
A Druid's head. PURE COPPER PREFER- 
ABLE TO PAPER. 
R : Female seated holding olive branch and 

caduceus. TRADE & NAVIGATION 

1813. 

198. 0: ONE I PENNY | TOKEN in three lines 

within a circle. PURE COPPER PREFER- 
ABLE TO PAPER. 
R : As last. 

199. : ONE I PENNY | TOKEN in three lines within 

a thick wreath of oak. 
R : A ship under sail. ONE PENNY TOKEN 
1813. 

200. : ONE I PENNY in two lines within a wreath 

of laurel. 
R : A ship under sail. 

201. : A ship under sail. ONE PENNY TOKEN 

1814. 
R : ^X in monogram, within a wreath of oak 
leaves and acorns, 



203. 







R 


204. 







R 


205. 




206. 





MISCELLANEOUS AND DOUBTFUL. 305 

202. : ONE | PENNY | TOKEN in three lines within 

a thick wreath of oak. 
R : A phosnix within a floral wreath. 

This piece has been struck over either No. 

199 or 200, a portion of the first impression 

still showing. 
ONE I PENNY I TOKEN in three lines within 

a wreath of oak and laurel. 
Figure of Justice standing on a pedestal, within 

a Avreatli of laurel and palm. 
Laureated bust to left, a laurel wreath under. 

FIELD MARSHAL WELLINGTON. 
Britannia seated. ONE PENNY TOKEN 1813. 
Similar to last, but without the date. 
Similar to No. 204, but with a laurel wreath in 

place of date on R : 

207. 0: Bust to left, not laureated . VIMIERA . 

TALAVERA . BADAJOZ . SALA- 
MANCA . VITTORIA. 
R : As No. 204. 

208. 0: Bust as last. VIMERA . TALAYERA . 

BUSACO . BADAJOZ . SALAMANCA ^ 
R : A Cossack on horseback. COSSACK PENNY 
TOKEN. 

209. : Laureated bust to left, different to No. 204. 

AVELLINGTON & VICTORY 1814. 
R : Female seated, holding palm branch and spear, 
a shield with a harp inscribed upon it by 
aside (evidently a colourable imitation of 
Britannia). EDWP BEWLEY 181G. 

210. 0: A bust somewhat similar to last. WELLING- 

TON & ERIN GO BRAGH. 
R : A harp crowned EDWp STEPHENS 1816. 

211. 0: A slightly different bust. WELLINGTON 

above, ERIN GO BRAGH below. 
R : Similar to last. 

20 



306 CANADA. 



Halfpenny Size. 

212 : Laureated bust of George III. within a wreath of 

oak leaves and acorns. 

B : Female seated on bale, holding scales and 

cornucopia. HALFPENNY TOKEN 1812. 

There are several varieties of this token, 

and it is found in both copper and brass. 

213. : Bust as before, but without the wreath. 

SUCCESS TO TRADE . 1812. 
B : Figure of Britannia seated, holding palm 
branch and trident. COMMERCE. Under 
the figure in exergue is eules the main. 

214. 0: Bust as before. GENUINE BRITISH 

COPPER 1815. 
B : Britannia seated, holding a trident. HALF- 
PENNY. 

215. 0: Small bust of George III. to right, laureated. 

HALFPENNY TOKEN 1815. 
B: Ship under sail. SUCCESS TO NAVIGATION 
& TRADE ^ 

216. : Bust of George III. slightly different to last. 

HALFPENNY TOKEN 1814. 
B : A ship under sail. FOR THE CONVENIENCE 
OF TRADE. 

217. 0: Bust as before. GREAT BRITAIN. 

B : Female seated, holding a branch of olive and of 
palm. COMMERCE 1814. 

218. : Bust as before, no legend. 

B : Britannia seated, holding a trident. GENUINE 
BRITISH COPPER. 

219. Similar to last, but date on B: 1820 and no 

legend. 

220. : Laureated and armoured bust to left. 
B: A harp, 1820. 



MISCELLANEOUS AND DOUBTFUL. 



807 



221. Similar to last, but without date. 

These two pieces are made of brass, and 
the latter is of very inferior workmanship. 
Bust in military dress to right, a wreath of 
laurel under. • VICTORIA NOBIS EST. 

Female figure seated resembling Britannia 
holding olive branch and wand. HALF- 
PENNY TOKEN. 
Female seated holding olive branch and cadu- 
cous. TRADE & NAVIGATION 1812. 

HALF 1 PENNY | TOKEN in three lines 
within a circle. PURE COPPER PREFER- 
ABLE TO PAPER. 

A ship under sail. TRADE & NAVIGATION 
1813. 

As last. 

Similar to No. 223, excepting date, which is 
1813. 

Ship in full sail. FOR GENERAL ACCOM- 
MODATION. 

As last. 

Ship as before, but no legend. 

Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia. 
HALFPENNY TOKEN 1815. 

Female seated resting upon a harp (Hibernia ?) 
ONE HALFPENNY TOKEN 1820. 

Ship under sail. TRADE AND NAVIGA- 
TION. 

Ship under sail to right. SHIPS COLONIES 
& COMMERCE 1815. 

ONE 1 HALFPENNY | TOKEN in three 
lines. 

As last. 

FOR I PUBLICK I ACCOMMODATION in 
three lines. 

20 * 



222. 


0: 




R: 


223. 


0: 




R: 


224. 


0: 




R 


225. 




226. 


0: 




R 


227. 







R 


228. 







R 


229. 







R 


230. 






308 CANADA. 

231. 0: Ship under sail. HALFPENNY TOKEN 
1814. 
M: ^ X in monogram, %\itliin a wreath of oak 
leaves and acorns. 
23"2. : Ship under sail, no legend. 

B: SHIPS I COLONIES | & \ COMMERCE in 
four lines. 

There are several varieties of this token, 
differing in size and form of letters, arrange- 
ment of sails, &c. 
As last. 
Female seated on bale, looking to left, holding 

scales and cornucopia. 
As last. 
Female as before. HALFPENNY TOKEN 

1812. 
As last. 

The date only, in the centre of the field 1858. 
Many other varieties are made by joining 
this obverse with other obverses or reverses 
together, and so manufacturing mules. The 
same remarks will apply to several other 
pieces of this series. 

236. : A man ploughing with two oxen. SPEED 

THE PLOUGH HALFPENNY TOKEN. 
R : A man threshing grain. NO LABOUR NO 
BREAD. 

237. : A man standing holdiog a shillelagh and a 

sprig of shamrock within a wreath. 
R : PURE COPPER PREFERABLE TO PAPER 
in five lines. 

238. : A spread eagle, its tail dividing the date 18 — 

13. HALFPENNY TOKEN. 
R : Britannia seated, holding olive branch and 
trident, within a wreath. 

239. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1814. 



233. 







R 


234. 







R 


235. 







R 



MISCELLANEOUS AND DOUBTFUL. 309 

240. Similar to last, but the eaglo is higher on the 

coin, leaving room under it for the date, 
which is 1815. The B : also is finer work. 

241. : A ship under sail to right. {8ee No. 229.) 

E: WELLINGTON | WATERLOO | 1815 in 3 
lines. 

242. : Laureated bust of Wellington to left within a 

wreath, no legend. 
B : Female seated holding scales and wand. 
TRADE & COMMERCE 1811. 

243. : Laureated bust to right (? Wellington). 1820. 
B: As No. 241. 

This again, as well as the one preceding, is 
often muled with other obverses and reverses. 

244. 0: Laureated bust to right, MARQUIS WEL- 

LINGTON 1813. 
B : Female seated resembling Britannia, holding 
olive branch and wand. COMMERCE. 

245. : Laureated bust to left. THE ILLUSTRIOUS 

WELLINGTON. 
B : A harp crowned. WATERLOO HALFPENNY 

1816. 
24G. : Bust similar to last, with a bow and two ends 

to the ribbon tying laurel. WELLINGTON 

HALFPENNY TOKEN. 
B: Britannia seated, holding olive branch and 

trident, the date 1814 under, a sprig of oak 

on either side. 

247. Similar to last but no bow and only one end to 

ribbon forming tic. 

248. : Bust as before, two sprigs of laurel under it. 

FIELD MARSHALL WELLINGTON. 
B: Britannia seated, holding trident and olive 
branch, two sprigs of laurel under. HxVLF- 
PENNY TOKEN. 



Jan. 19. 1812. j 
1812. 1 SALA- 
I MADRID 1 Aug. 



310 CANADA. 

249. Similar to last, but witli date 1813 under 

Britannia, in place of sprigs of laurel. 

250. : Bust as before. HISPANIAM ET LVSITA- 

NIAM RESTITVIT WELLINGTON. 
B: CUIDAD I EODPJGO | Jan. 19. 1812 ] 
BADAJOZ I Apeil 2.1812 ] SALAMANCA 
I July 22. 1812 | &c. &c. &c. in eight lines 
. within a circle. VIMIERA Aug. 21. 1808. 
TALAVERA july 28. 1809. ALMEIDA 
MAY 5. 1811 c8. 

251. 0: As last. 

R: CUIDAD I RODRIGO ] 
BADAJOZ 1 Apeil 2 
MANCA I July 22. 1812, , 
12. 1812. in nine lines, the last one being 
curved, otherwise as last. 

252. : As last. 

B: SALAMANCA | july 22. 1812. | MADRID | 
AUG. 12. 1812. 1 ST SEBASTIAN 1 sept. 
8. 1813. 1 PAMPLUNO | oct. 31. 1813. in 
eight lines, the last one being curved, sur- 
rounding this within a circle is CUIDAD 
RODRIGO JAN. 19. 1812. BAJADOZ apeil 
21. 1812. The legend outside circle as 
before. 

253. : Naked bust of Wellington. FIELD MARSHAL 

WELLINGTON. 
B : A harp crowned. HIBERNIA 1805. 

254. : Bust as last. WELLINGTON 1815. 
B: Somewhat similar bust. BLUCHER. 

Farthing Stzb, 

255. : Ship under sail within a circle. FARTHING 

TOKEN 1812. 
B: ^ X in monogram within a wreath of oak leaves 
and acorns. 



MISCELLANEOUS AND DOUBTFUL. 311 

256. : ONE FARTHING in two lines within a circle. 

PURE COPPER PREFERABLE TO 
PAPER. 

R : Female seated on bale holding olive branch 
and caducous. TRADE & NAVIGATION 
1813. 

257. : Ship under sail. COMMERCE. 

B: The date 1828 in centre, above it ONE 
FARTHING— below, TOKEN. 



COINS AND TOKENS OF THE WEST 
INDIES. 

The West India Islands belonging to Great Britain, of 
which Jamaica is the largest and most important, have an 
area of nearly 14,000 square miles and a population of 
1,250,000. In the early part of the present century slavery 
existed in all the islands. 

Fostered by highly protective duties, they reached a very 
flourishing condition, and large fortunes were made. This 
condition was completely artificial ; and when slavery was 
abolished, and the protective duties repealed, an entire 
collapse took place, and many hitherto wealthy persons were 
ruined. Up to that time these islands had been regarded as 
the choicest possessions of the British crown, and a grand 
outlet for commerce. Since then they have received less 
attention in every way than they deserve, but are now again 
resuming their proper position, and it may be hoped that 
they will once more become prosperous. 

VV^ith the exception of an attempt in 1822 by striking a 
quantity of the pieces of Half, Quarter, Eighth and Six- 
teenth of a Dollar, no provision for the currency of these 
islands has been made by the mother-country, although 
later, silver threepences, and tbreehalfpences, have been 
issued, and also a special issue of nickel coins for Jamaica. 
Considerable use has been made of the Spanish dollars, and 
a number of varieties of cut and countermarked coins 
will be found in this series. There are also a few tokens 
issued by private traders. The series, although small, 
contains pieces of great variety and interest, containing 
as it does some of the very earhest and rarest of our colonial 
coins, viz., those of the Somer Islands. 



WEST INDIK3. 



313 



ANTIGUA. 

1. : A palin-tree dividing tliG date 18 — 36 and U — C, 
ANTIGUA under. 
R: ONE I FARTHING [ Stg [= sterling?) in 
three lines within a wreath. 



BAHAMA. 

2. : Bust to right, GEORGIUS III . D . G . REX . 

1806. This is similar to the English half- 
penny. 
B: A ship in full sail, BAHAMA . expulsis 

PIRATIS EESTITUTA COMMERCIA. 




3. 



Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1807. 



Penny size. 
4. 0: 

R: 



5. 



BARBADOES. 

Negro bust crowned, and a plume of three ostrich 
feathers, I SERVE . j . milton . p . on neck. 

A pine apple, BARBADOES PENNY. 1788. 
This occurs as proof both copper and 
bronze. 

Similar to preceding, but with m. only on trun- 
cation of neck. 



314 



WEST INDIES. 




6. Similar, but with the pkimo of feathers larger. 

7. Similar, but with the pine apple larger. 

8. Similar, but with the date more expanded. 

All these are found as proofs. 

9. : King seated in a marine car, BARBADOES 

PENNY 1792. 
B : Similar to : of No. 5, but with a larger plume 
of feathers. 

10. Similar to last, but with a dot between BAE- 

BADOES . and PENNY. 

11. Similar to No. 9, but the king's crown comes 

between the N's of PENNY. 




Halfpenny. 

12. 



Similar to No. 9 excepting in size and value. 
Nos. 9 and 12 are found as proofs in silver, 
bronze and copper. 



Halfpenny Token. 

13. 0: A bale, marked M. T. MOSES TOLANTO. 
n : A cask, FREEDOM WITHOUT SLAVERY. 

Farthing. 

14. Similar, excepting in size and value. 



WEST INDIES. 



315 



BERMUDAS OR SOMER ISLANDS. 
Bkass ok " Hog " Money. 

Shilling. 

15. : A hog with XII above it within a beaded circle. 
SOMMER ii- ISLANDS ^ 

R : All antique ship with sails set and flags flying. 




Sixpence. 

16. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Threepence. 

17. Similar, but without legend on : 
Twopence. 

18. Similar to last. 



Copper Penny. 
19. : Laureated bust to right, GBORGIUS III . D . G . 
REX. 
B: A ship in full sail, BERMUDA above, 1793 
below. 




This occurs as a proof in gold (which is, I 
believe, unique), also in silver and bronze. 



316 WEST INDIES. 

JAMAICA. 

Nickel. 
Penny. 

20. : Coroneted bust to left, within a beaded circle. 
VICTOEIA QUEEN c83 1869 eg. 
B : Shield of arms, crest, a crocodile, beneath it a 
ribbon with motto, all within a beaded circle. 
JAMAICA c^D ONE PENNY ^ 




21. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 

22. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

23. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 

24. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882. 

25. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884. 

26. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

No 20 occurs as a proof both in copper and 

nickel, and all the pennies have l. c. wyon 

under bust. 
Halfpenny. 

27. Similar to No. 20 excepting in size and value, 

date 1869. 

28. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1870. 
v' 29. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1871. 

30. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1880. 

31. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882, 

and a small h under bust. 

32. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884, 

but without the n. 
23. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 

No. 27 also occurs as a proof both in copper 
and nickel. 



WEST INDIES. 



317 



Farthing. 

34. 
35. 

36. 
37. 



Similar to No. 20 excepting in size and value, 

date 1880. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1882, 

and a small h under bust. 

Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1884, 

but without the H. 
Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1885. 
There are proof sets of 1880 and 1884 in 

nickel of penny, halfpenny, and farthing. 



Halfpenny. 

38. 0: 

Farthing. 

39. 6 : 

40. 0: 

R: 

Penny. 

41. 0: 



R: 

Halfpenny. 
42. 0: 

R: 



Copper Tokens. 

Coach and horses. M. HOWARD FERRY- 

GRASS. 
Man holding horse. KINGSTON JAMAICA. 

THOMAS LUNDIE & CO KINGSTON . 

1844. 
A steam-boat . EARL OF ELGIN JAMAICA. 
THOMAS LUND AY & C9 IRONMONGERS . 

WATER STREET 1844. 
As last. 

(1'!) I JAMAICA I CURRENCY | BY in four 
lines in the centre. PAYABLE IN KINGS- 
TON above, and WILLIAM SMITH below 
incused on a broad rim. 

Arms of Jamaica and supporters. INDUS 
UTERQUE SERVIAT UNL 

PAYABLE . I IN I KINGSTON | BY | WIL- 
LIAM SMITH, displayed in five lines. 

JAMAICA in centre, ONE HALFPENNY, 
above, and CURRENCY, below. 

This also has a broad rim, and part of the 
legend on each side is incused upon the rim. 



318 WEST INDIES. 

43. : Bust to left BRITISH COLONIES. 

B: Female seated on bale, TO FACILITATE 
TRADE. 
This last token is generally placed amongst tlie Jamaica 
tokens, although I do not know upon what authority. Sand- 
ham, in his '' Canadian Coins,'^ classes it as ^' douUful." 
My own opinion is that it is an English-made nineteenth 
century token for general circulation. 



ST. KITTS, OR ST. CHRISTOPHER. 

44. A double sous of Louis XVI. for Cayenne coun- 

termarked S . K . 



ST. LUCIA. 
45. Part of a Spanish dollar countermarked S . 

Lucie. 




46. Part of a Spanish dollar countermarked S and 

L interlinked. 

47. Part of a Spanish dollar countermarked in three 

places, with S and L as before. 



ST. NEVIS. 

48. A thin piece of silver stamped with nevis. Q 

(for sixpence) . 

49. A Cayenne sous of Louis XV. countermarked 

NEVIS. 



WEST INDIES. 319 



ST. VINCENT. 

50. Part of a Spanish dollar counterraarked in three 

places, with S and V interlinked. 



TOBAGO. 

51. A double sous of Cayenne countermarked J_ 

52. A double sous of Cayenne countermarked T B. 

53. A double sous of Cayenne countermarked T B 



54. A double sous of Cayenne countermarked 

TB 



55. A double sous of Cayenne countermarked |tabago. | 

TORTOLA. 

56. Part of a Spanish dollar countermarked Tortola. 

Apropos of this piece there is a striking instance of the 
ingenuity of man where the making of money is concerned. 
This was supposed to be a quarter of a dollar, and circulated 
for Is M, but the makers of it got to be so clever as to 
make^t'e quarters out of a dollar. 

Hence arose a great deal of suspicion and dislike of these 
pieces, the result being a great depreciation of their value. 

TRINIDAD. 

57. 0: HALF ST AMPEE . REDEEMABLE AT H. 

E . RAPSEYS. 
R: Rose, shamrock and thistle. BAKERY & 
GROCERY 9 FREDRICK ST PORT^^^ 
SPAIN. 



320 WEST INDIES. 

58. : ONE I FARTHING | TOKEN in three lines, 
with an ornament above and below. 
R : REDEEMABLE BY J . . D'ADE & CO. 
TRINIDAD. 

Ruding says that by a proclamation of the Governor of 
Trinidad made June 19th, 1811, apiece of silver was ordered 
to be struck from the centre of each Spanish dollar, the 
dollar so cut to circulate at the rate or value of nine shillings 
(currency), and the piece so cut out to pass current for one 
shilling. Now the question arises, were these pieces triform 
or heart-shaped ? If so, that will satisfactorily account for 
Spanish money cut in this shape. Boyne, in his " Silver 
Tokens," mentions these, but although he thought they 
might be intended for colonial use, he knew nothing of them. 

Another unexplained curiosity is a Spanish dollar of 
Ferdinand VII., dated 1811, which is countermarked '^ ^ 
surmounted by a crown. This may have been intended for 
use in the West India Islands at this time as so many 
expedients were tried to procure currency, or it may possibly 
have been used for Gibraltar. See a note to a somewhat 
similar piece for that place. 

There is also a triangular portion of the Spanish dollar 
met with which is countermarked W . R . and halfpence 
with a similar countermark occur. These are usually assigned 
to the West Indies, and doubtless correctly so. They are as 
follows : — 

59. Triangular portion of Spanish dollar counter- 

marked with W R surmounted with crown in 
sunk lines. 

GO. An Irish halfpenny of George II. counter- 

marked with W . R surmounted with a crown 
in raised lines upon an oblong indent with a 
serrated edge. 
In addition to the foregoing, there was ordered to be 

coined for the West India Islands on the 29th April, 1822, 



WEST INDIES. 



321 



pieces of half, quarter, eighth, and sixteenth of a dollar, 
similar to those struck for the Mauritius, and an attempt 
was made about the same time to establish an uniform 
coinage for the British colonies on the decimal system, and 
coins, 50 and 100 to the dollar, were struck but never 
circulated ; and again three-penny and three-halfpenny pieces 
were ordered to be issued for the West Indies on September 
12th, 1834, which pieces are continued to the present time. 

Silver. 

RaJf Dollar. 

61. 0: Ornamental shield of arms, GEORGITJS IV 

D : G : BRITANNIARUM. 
R: An anchor with a crown above it, between 

II-II COLONIAR : BRITAN : MONET : 

1822. 




Quarter Dollar. 

62. Similar, but with IV-IV at the sides of shield. 
One-eigidh Dollar. 

63. Similar, but with YIII-VIII at the sides of shield 
One-sixteenth Dollar. 

64. Similar, but with XVI-XVI at the sides of shield. 

Copper. 
Two Cents. 

65. 0: Laureated bust to left, GEOR : IV : D : G : BRI : 

REX. 
E : g^o I DOLLAR in two bnes within a wreath of 
oak leaves, COLONIAL 1823. 

21 



322 WEST INDIES. 

One Cent. 

66. : Similar to preceding but having jJq DOLLAR. 

These pieces are patterns and only found as 
proofs. 

An illustration of No. Q>Q appears upon the 
title-page. 

Threepenny Piece. 

67. : Bust to right, GULIELMUS IIII D : G : BRI- 

TANNIAE : REX F : D : 

R: Q crowned, dividing date 18 — 34 within a 
wreath of oak leaves. 

68. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 

69. ' Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1836. 

70. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1837. 

Three-halfpenny Piece. 

71. : As before. 

R : I'o" with a crown above and the date 1834 

below, the whole within a wreath of oak 
leaves. 

72. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1835. 

73. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1836. 

74. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1837. 

Threepenny Piece. 

75. Bust to left, VICTORIA : D : G : BRITAN- 

NIAR . REGINA F : D : 

R: O crowned, dividing date 18 — 38 within an 
oak wreath. 

These occur of every date since that year to 
the present. 

Three-lialfjpenny Piece, 

76. : As before. 

R : \^ crowned, date under 1838 within an oak 
wreath. 



WEST INDIES. 323 

77. Similar to last, excepting date, wLicli is 1839. 

78. Similar to last, excepting date, wliich is 1840. 

79. Similar to last, excepting- date, which is 1841. 

80. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1842. 

81. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1843. 

82. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1860. 
88. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1862. 

In addition to the pierced and countermarked Spanish 
Dollars previously mentioned for the various Islands, the 
following are considered by some collectors as belonging to 
this scries : — 

DOMINICA. 

84. A Spanish Dollar, from which a circular piece with a 

crenatod edge has been cut. 

85. The circular portion cut from the foregoing, stamped 

with a ^, radiated. There are fifteen crenations. 
These pieces have by some been hitherto assigned to 
Demerara, but upon insufficient data, the probability being 
that the pierced Dollar described at Nos. 1 and 2 of British 
Guiana {ivhich see) was the one in use in that Colony, and 
thus rendering it exceedingly unlikely that another, and 
that so differently stamped, should be in use for the same 
place. 

GUADALOUPE. 

86. A Spanish Dollar, from which a quadrangular piece 

with a crenated edge has been cut, countermarked 
G with a small crown over it, on both sides. 

87. The piece cut out is stamped with a g radiated. There 

are twelve crenations. 

88. A triangular portion of a Spanish Dollar (? quarter) 

with G stamped on the angle with a punch ; also 
countermarked q s in a square indent, and with a 2 
in a circular indent. Cut portions of Dollars also 

21 =t: 



324 WEST TXDIES. 

occur somewhat similar, countermarked witli a 

3, a 4 and a 6, sometimes witli a small crown 

above the figure, and sometimes without. 

This islaud was colonized by the French, in whose 

possession it has mostly been, but was taken from them by 

the British in 1779, 1794, and 1810, and again in 1815. It 

has been supposed that the above pieces were made and 

used by the English during their time of holding the 

island in the two latter years. 

TOBAGO. 

89. A Spanish Dollar with a hexagonal piece cut from the 

centre. 

90. The piece cut from the foregoing is countermarked 

with a T 
The similarity of this countermark to that used for 
No. 61 of this series, gives some foundation for the opinion 
that these pieces were made for use in Tobago. 

TRINIDAD. 

I have already hazarded a suggestion that the heart- 
shaped pieces cut from Dollars, and their divisions, may 
possibly have been made for this island. In addition to 
these there is another cut Dollar, thought by some to be 
the one referred to by Ending. {8ee note folloidng No. 58 of 
this series.) It is as follows : — 

91. A Spanish Dollar, from which a circular piece, with 

fourteen crenations, has been cut. 

92. The piece cut from this Dollar is countermarked with 

a ^J' radiated. 




CENTBAL AMEBICA. 

BRITISH HONDURAS. 

British Honduras was taken possession of by English 
settlers from Jamaica soon after a treaty with Spain in 1G67. 
They were often disturbed by the Spaniards until 1783, 
since which time we have had comparatively peaceable 
possession. The only coin specially issued for Honduras 
is the following Cent : 

: Bust to left crowned VICTORIA QUEEN. 
B: 1 in a dotted circle. BRITISH HONDURAS 
above. ONE CENT 1885 below. 






^-^ 



BBITISH GUIANA. 

(United Colony of Demeraey and Essequibo.) 

This colony is a section of the northern coast of South 
America, and includes the settlements of Demerara, Esse- 
quibo, and Berbice. It was taken from tlie Dutch in 1796, 
but restored to them at the Peace of Amiens, in March, 1802. 
It again surrendered to the British in September, 1803, and 
finally became an English colony in 1814. 

Rudiug, in his Annals, states that a Committee of Privy 
Council for Trade, for the colonies of Demerara and Esse- 
quibo, on May 12th, 1809, recommended a silver coinage 
of tokens to the amount of £10,000. The monetary system 
at this period was similar to the old Dutch currency : 
16 duits or pfennigs = 1 stiver, which was equal to about 
two-thirds of an English penny. 23 stivers = 1 guilder; 
this being equal to Is l^d English. 

In 1839 the old monetary system was abolished, and 
dollars and cents introduced after the American model, 
the 3 guilder piece being made to pass for a dollar. No 
coins were issued after the change in the system, and 
English, Spanish, Mexican, South American and United 
States coins are all now legal tenders at authorized rates. 

The only issue of copper was in 1813, when pieces of 
stivers and half-stivers were struck. There is, however, a 
copper token for one stiver struck in 1838, which is gene- 
rally considered to have been made for this colony, although 
I have not been able to find out anything authentic to 
justify such an assumption. It has been placed here, as it 
seems as likely to belong to this series as any other. There 
is a cut Spanish dollar also, which was most likely in use 



BRITISH GUIANA. 327 

during tlio English possession, and as this was the fii'st in 
order of time, wo shall give it priority in description. 

Silver. 
1. A Spanish Dollar, with a circular hole with 

crenated edge cut in the centre, the upper 

E 75' D 

part of the coin countermarked q . within 

a beaded circle (for 3 Guilders). 




This is illustrated from a piece in the cabinet of 
J. B. Caldecott, Esq. 

2. The circular piece with crenated edge cut from 

the preceding is countermarked p-pg 

within a beaded circle (for 3 Bits). 

Three Guilders. 

3. : Laureated and armoured bust to right, GEOR- 

GIVS III DEI GRATIA. 
R : ^ within an oak wreath, a crown above, and the 
date, 1809 below, COLOXIES OF ESSE- 
QUEBO & DEMARARY TOKEN. 
Tkoo Guilders. 

4. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

One Guilder. 

5. Similar, excepting in size and value. 



328 



BRITISH GUIANA. 



JIalf Guilder. 

6. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Guilder. 

7. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

The dies for these pieces were engraved by 
Mr. Pingo. They have milled edges, and are 
rarely met with in fine condition. 
Three Guilders. 

8. : Buso as before, GEORGIUS III D : G : BRI- 

TANIARUM REX. 

B : fj within an oak wreath, a crown above and the 
date, 1816 below, UNITED COLONY OF 
DEMERARY & ESSEQUIBO. 




Two Guilders. 
9. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

One Guilder. 

10. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Half Guilder. 

11. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Guilder. 

12. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

The dies for these coius were executed by 
Mr. Wyon. A small t. w is under the bust 
on the three larger pieces, and w. only on the 
two smaller. Nos. 8-12 occur as proofs. 



BRITISH GUIANA. 



329 



William IV. 
Three Guilders. 

13. : Bust to right. GULIELMUS IV D : G : BRI- 
TANNIAR . REX F : D : 

B : ^ -within an oak wreath, a crown above, the date 

1832 below, UNITED COLONY OF DEME- 
RARY & ESSEQUIBO. 




Two Guilders. 

14. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

One Guilder. 

15. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Half Guilder. 

16. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Guilder. 

1 7. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
Eighth Guilder. 

18. Similar, excepting in size and value. 
One Guilder. 

19. Similar to No. 15, excepting date, which is 1833. 
Salf Guilder. 

20. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 
Quarter Guilder. 

21. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 
Mighth Guilder. 

22. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

One Guilder. 

23. Similar to No. 15, excepting date, which is 1 835. 



830 BRITISH GUIANA. 

Salf Guilder. 

24. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Guilder. 

25. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

Eighth Guilder. 

26. Similar to last, excepting in size and value. 

One Guilder. 

27. : Bust as before, legend also as before. 

R : ONE GrUILDER within a wreath, a crown above, 
and the date, 1836 below. BRITISH 
GUIANA. 




Half Guilder. 

28. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Quarter Guilder. 

29. Similar, excepting in size and value. 

Eighth Guilder. 



30. 



One Stiver 
31. 0: 

R: 



Similar, excepting in size and value. 

The dies were all engraved by Mr. Wyon, 
and the larger pieces have w. w. upon the 
truncation of the neck. There are proofs of 
Nos. 23-26 with both milled and plain edges, 
and plain edge proofs of Nos. 27-30. 

Copper. 

Laureated bust to right, GEORGIUS III. 
D : G : REX. 

ONE 1 STIVER in two lines within a wreath, a 
crown above, the date 1813 below. COLONIES 
OP ESSEQUEBO & DEMERARY TOKEN . 



BRITISH GUIANA. 



331 




Half Stiver. 

"32. 



33. 



B 



Similar to preceding, excepting in size and 

value. 

There are proofs of these two tokens in 

gilt, bronze, and copper. The stiver has w. 

on the shoulder, and the half-stiver t. w. 

for Thomas Wyon. 

A token for one stiver, apparently used 

for circulation in this colony, is the last of 

the series. 
A female seated, holding cadeceus and palm 

branch, TRADE & NAVIGATION 1838. 
ONE I STIVER in two lines within an inner 

circle, PURE COPPER PREFERABLE TO 

PAPER. 




^^ 



COINS AND TOKENS 



OF THE BRITISH POSSESSIONS 



AUSTRALASIA 



COMPRISING 



New South Wales. 
Victoria. 
Queensland. 
South Australia 
Western Australia. 



Tasmania or Van Die- 
man's Land, 

AND 

New Zealand. 



COINS AND TOKENS OF AUSTRALIA. 

Op coins, strictly so called, our Antipodean Colonies have 
none. It is true that at Melbourne and Sydney there are 
mints employed, but as the only coins struck are the 
sovereign and half-sovereign for general circulation, which 
are similar to our own, with the exception of a minute 
initial letter as mint-mark, they can scarcely be styled 
Colonial coins. At the same time as they differ in this 
respect it was necessary to mention, although not to describe 
them. Gold coins were struck at the Sydney mint from 
1855 to 1870 from dies sent out from the Eoyal Mint, 
London, which in 1867 were declared to be current coin of 
the realm. 

There are a very few gold tokens to describe, and also a 
few in silver, the majority of the tokens consisting of 
copper pence and halfpence. In describing the latter they 
will be arranged alphabetically in their respective provinces, 
placing the provinces in their chronological order. 




Gold. 
1. 0: A crown within an inner circle, 1852 under. 
GOVEENMENT ASSAY OFFICE * 
ADELAIDE H: 
B : VALUE | ONE | POUND in three lines within 
a circle. WEIGHT 5 DWT : 15 GES : * 
22 CAEATS * 

There is a variety of this which differs in 
several minor respects. 



AUSTRALIA. 335 

2. 0: A kangaroo, 1853 under. POET PHILIP 

AUSTRALIA incuse on a broad rim. 

R: ^ inscribed two ounces in tbe centre. PURE 
AUSTRALIAN GOLD. TWO OUNCES 
incuse as before. 
One Ounce. 

3. J. inscribed one ounce. Similar excepting in 

size and value. 



4. -g Similar. 



Half ounce 
4. 

Quarter ounce. 
5. — Similar. 



These pieces only occur as proofs, and in all 
probability were never put in circulation. 
Sooereiffju 

6. : Bust to left, filleted, VICTORIA D : G : 

BRITANNIAR : REGINA F : D : 1855. 
R : AUSTRALIA surmounted by a crown, within 
an olive wreath. SYDNEY MINT above, 
ONE SOVEREIGN below. 

Ha/f Sovereign. 

7. Similar excepting in size and value. 

Sovereign. 

8. Similar to No. G excepting date, which is 1856. 

Half Sovereign. 

9. Similar to No. 7 excepting date, which is 1856. 

There are patterns of this design dated 
1853, but no issue took place until 1855. 
Proofs occur of all these pieces. 

t Sovereigns. 

10. : Bust to left, laureatcd. VICTORIA D : G : 

BRITANNIxVR : REG : F : D : 1857. 
R : As No. 6. 

11. Similar to No. 10 excepting date, which is 1858. 



336 



AUSTRALIA. 



12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 



Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 
Similar to No. 



10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 
10 excepting 



date, whicli is 
date, wliich is 
date, whicli is 
date, whicli is 
date, which is 
date, which is 
date, which is 
date, which is 
date, which is 
date, which is 
date, which is 
date, which is 



1859. 

I860. 
1861. 
1862. 
1863. 
1864. 
1865. 
1866. 
1867. 
1868. 
1869. 
1870. 



Half Sovereigns. 

24. Similar to No. 10 excepting in size and value, 

HALF SOVEEEIGN. 

25. vSimilar to last, excepting date, which is 1858. 

26. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1859. 

27. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1860. 

28. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1861. 

29. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1863. 

30. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1865. 

31. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1867. 

32. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1869. 

There are proofs of Nos. 10, 13, 15, 18, 20, 
23, 24, 27, 30 and 31, and possibly of other 
dates. There was no issue of half-sovereigns 
in 1862, 1864, 1866, 1868 and 1870, but 
there are patterns (or proofs) of 1862 and 
1866. From the year 1871 sovereigns and 
half-sovereigns were coined at the mints in 
Sydney and Melbourne and still continue. 
These are identical with those struck in 
England, with the exception that a minute s. 
for Sydney, and m. for Melbourne distinguishes 
them, and forms a kind of mint-mark. 



AUSTRALIA. 337 



Silver. 



English silver coins have always been the authorized 
currency in the Anstralian colonies^ although from a dearth 
of supply other expedients have been resorted to^ many 
of the traders of New South Wales having issued notes for 
sums of sixpence and upwards. In the year 1813 an 
endeavour was made to meet the great need of a silver 
currency by cutting the Spanish dollar to make two pieces, of 
five shillings and of fifteenpence respectively. These are 
as follows : — 

33. : FIVE SHILLINGS and two sprigs of laurel, 

countermarked upon a Spanish dollar from 
which a circular portion has been cut in the 
centre. 
R : NEW SOUTH WALES 1813. Countermarked 
as before. 

34. : A crown in the centre NEW SOUTH WALES 

1813. 
R : FIFTEEN | PENCE in two lines in the centre. 
This is made of the piece cut from the 
centre of No. 33. 

Shillings. 

35. : ONE 1 SHILLING | TOKEN in three lines in 

thecentre. SAWMILLS above, MACINTOSH 
AND DEGRAVES below. 
R : A kangaroo. TASMANIA 1823. 




This is a very rare piece, and is most 
probably a pattern. It seldom occurs except 
in proof condition. 

22 



338 



AUSTRALIA. 



36. 0: 



Sixpence. 
37. 



Threepence. 
38. 0: 



R: 

39. 0: 



40. 



R: 



41. 0: 

R: 

42. 0; 



Coroneted bust to left. VICTOEIA above, 
AUSTRALIA below incused upon a broad 
engine-turned rim. 

1 in the centre. ONE SHILLING. Tbis 
also is incuse, as before. 

Q Similar to last excepting in size and value. 
These are patterns only, not having been 
issued, and are exceedingly rare. They occur 
only as proofs, in gold, silver, and copper. 

A kangaroo to left and an emu to right, a palm- 
tree between them. HOGARTH ERICHSEN 

& CO JEWELLERS SYDNEY. 
^ dividing the date, 18 — 58, within a wreath 

of oak. 
An emu to left and a kangaroo to right, with 

a gum-plant between them. HOGARTH 

ERICHSEN & C9 SYDNEY. 
As last. 
Similar to No. 38, but legend reads PAYABLE 

AT HOGARTH ERICHSEN & CO 

SYDNEY. 
An emu to left, and a kangaroo to right, with a 

gum-plant between them. REMEMBRANCE 

OF AUSTRALIA. 
5 within an olive wreath. HOGARTH & 

ERICHSEN SYDNEY 1860. 
Australian arms, rising sun as crest, supporters 

kangaroo and emu. SYDNEY NEW SOUTH 

WALES . 1854. 
5 surmounted by rising sun SILVER 

TOKEN . J . G . T. 

There is a silver piece about sixpenny size 

which can scarcely be classed as a token, but 

which I wish to mention here ; it is as 

follows : — 



NEW SOUTH WALES. 330 

: Spade and anchor crowned^ S . U . at the sides. 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA'S PRIDE. 
R : Two hands clasped, SAILORS & BROTHERS. 

Copper Tokens. 

These pieces, which constitute the majority of the 
Australasian currency, are for the most part very uninterest- 
ing, having little artistic merit, and, of course, no antiquity 
to recommend them. They usually have little but the name 
and address, or business advertisement, together with a Coat 
of Arms, or some emblem of the trade of their various issues. 

Some few, however, are very fine examples of die-sinking 
and stamping, and one or two of Sydney are quaint specimens 
of Colonial workmanship. As before stated, the arrange- 
ment will be in provinces, first the pence and then the 
halfpence of each province, arranging the towns alpha- 
betically, and placing the names of the issues in like order. 

NEW SOUTH WALES. 

Bathnrsf. 
Fennif size. 

43. 0: COLLINS | & CO iu two lines in a circle. CHEAP 

CLOTHING BAZAAR : BATHURST : 
R : A kangaroo and emu, t stokes Melbourne under. 
NEW SOUTH WALES . 1864. 
GonJhurn. 

44. : A golden fleece in a beaded circle. DA VIES, 

ALEXANDER & C? . GOULBURN. 
R : Australian arms in circle. AUSTRALIAN 
STORES GOULBURN . ESTABLISHED 
1837. 

Jamheroo. 

45. : Rose, shamrock and thistle. WILLIAM ALLEN , 

JAMBEROO. GENERAL STORES. 
R : Australian arms. ADVANCE AUSTRALIA above, 

1855 beneath. 

22 * 



340 



AUSTRALIA. 



Morpeth. 
40. : JAMES CAMPBELL above, general stores 
in centre. . MORPETH . beneath. 
R : Female standing holding scales and cornucopia, 
a ship in the distance. AUSTRALIA. 

Sydney. 
47. 0: BATTLE I & I WEIGHT, in three lines in inner 

circle. 81 & 83 SOUTH HEAD ROAD SYDNEY DRAPERS 

&c. 
Female standing holding scales and cornucopia. 
ONE 1 PENNYintwo lines in centre. FLAVELLE 

BROS & C9 SYDNEY & BRISBANE. 
Kangaroo and em. w. j. taylor London in 

exergue. 
ONE 1 PENNY in two lines FLAVELLE BROS. 

&CO.aboveOPTICIANS($; JEWELLERS ]. SYDNEY 

& BRISBANE . below. 
As last. 
HANKS I AND J COMPy. in three lines in centre. 

AUSTRALIAN TEA MART. above, SYDNEY. 

beneath. 
R: Australian arms PEACE & PLENTY above, 

1857. beneath. 



48. 







R 


49. 







R 


50. 







51. 0: HANKS I AND I LLOYD in three lines in centre, 
AUSTRALIAN TEA MART above . SYDNEY . 
beneath. 



NEW SOUTH WALES. 341 

R : TO COMMEMORATE THE OPENING OP THE SYDNEY 

RAILWAY 26th septe. 1855. 

These two tokens are muled to form 
varieties, and there are slight differences in 
the dies. The token illustrated being one 
of the mules having the : of No. 51, with 
the R : of No. 50. 

52. 0: ESTABLISHED | 1820 | IREDALE & CO] 

SYDNEY, in four lines — within a circle. 
IRON MERCHANTS AND GENERAL IRONMONGERS. 
R : Britannia seated holding olive branch and 
trident, a ship in the distance BRITANNIA. 

53. : Same as No. 52. 

R : Female standing holding scales and cornucopia, 
water and ship in distance . AUSTRALIA . 

There are several varieties of this token 
differing in the formation of the letters. 

54. : J. M. LEICH | TOBACCONIST | 524 GEORGE STREET | 

SYDNEY . in four lines. 
R : Britannia seated similar to No. 52. 

55. : J. MACGREGOR | 320 | GEORGE STREET ] SYDNEY 

in four lines. THE CITY TEA WARE- 
HOUSE * :fc * 
R: Australian arms, established 1855 in centre. 
THE SULTANS STEAM COFFEE 
WORKS ^ SYDNEY * 
50. : METCALFE | & \ LLOYD ] 478 GEORGE St | 
SYDNEY in centre. SHIPPING AND 
FAMILY GROCERS. 
R: WINE I AND 1 SPIRIT I MERCHANTS = PDR- 

VEYORS OP THE CONCENTRATED FAMILY COFFEE 

1863. 
57. 0: B. PALMER | PITT & KING St | SYDNEY = 
WHOLESALE WINE & SPIRIT DEPOT. 
R : A bird holding an olive branch in its mouth. 
LIVERPOOL ARMS. 



342 AUSTRALIA. 

58. 0: SMITH, PEATE & Co ] GROCERS | TEA 

DEALERS j & I WINE MERCHANTS | 
258 & 260 I GEORGE St | SYDNEY. 
R : Female holding scales and cornucopia, water 
and ship in distance ESTABLISHED 1836. 

59. : A view of stores, 424 over door. Another 

building behind, on which is tea | stores | 
STEAM I COFFEE | MILLS in fivc lines, estab- 
lished I 1835 I SYDNEY below. j. c. t. in 
small characters (for J. C. Thornthwaite) . 
R : Britannia seated holding trident. BRITANNIA 
1852. 

60. Similar to last except that the arrangement of 

words vary thus tea | stores | steam | coffee 
MILLS in four lines and established 1835 | 
SYDNEY is in two lines. 

61. Similar to No. 59 excepting date, which is 1853. 

62. 0: DIE SINKER AND MEDALLIST in centre 

with rose, shamrock, and thistle interspersed 
J. C. THORNTHWAITE. — BOURKE 
STREET SURRY HILLS. 
R : Australian arms. ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 
1854. 

63. : A. TOOGOOD | MERCHANT I PITT & KING ST. I 

SYDNEY in four lines. 
R : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia. 
AUSTRALIA 1855. 

64. : WEIGHT | and | JOHNSON | DRAPERS | 

& 1 OUTFITTERS in six lines in centre. 
LIVERPOOL & LONDON HOUSE, above. 
PITT STREET SYDNEY, beneath. 
R : Female standing holding scales and cornucopia, 
water and ship in distance. 

65. : Bust to left. WHITTY & BROWN MAKERS 

above. SYDNEY beneath. 
R : Female standing as last. NEW SOUTH WALES. 



NEW SOUTH WALES. 343 

66. 0: A ram. . PExlCE Ax\D PLENTY . SYDNEY . 

N. S.W. 

R : As No. 65. 

67. 0: ONE I PENNY in two lines in an inner circle. 

ADVANCE AUSTRALIA ^ <%^ ^ 
R: As No. 65. 

Wagga Wagga. 

68. 0: LOVE & ROBERTS STOREKEEPERS in 

centre. WAGGA WAGGA above. NEW 
SOUTH WALES beneath. 
R : A plough . T. STOKES MELBOURNE Under it. THE 
COMMERCIAL PASTORAL & FARMING 
INTERESTS : 1865. 

' Wollongong. 

69. 0: W. F. & D. L. LLOYD | DRAPERS 

GROCERS 1 WINE | & SPIRIT | MER- 
CHANTS ! WOLLONGONG in six lines. 
R: Australian arms. COLONIAL PRODUCE 
TAKEN IN EXCHANGE (1859). 

Morpeth. 
Halfpenny size. 

70. 0: JAMES CAMPBELL GENERAL STORES 

MORPETH. 
R : Female standing holding scales and cornucopia, 
a ship in the distance AUSTRALIA. 

Sijdncy. 

71. HANKS AND COMPy. Similar to No. 50. 

72. HANKS AND LLOYD. Similar to No. 51. 

These two, like the pennies, are muled to 
make varieties. 

73. J. MACGREGOR. Similar to No. 55. 

74. METCALFE & LLOYD. Similar to No. 56. 

75. SMITH PEATE & CO. Similar to No. 58. 



34-4 AUSTRALIA. 

76. TEA STORES. Similar to No. 59. 

77. 0: F. C. THOENTHWAITE. Similar to No. 62. 
i? : Australian arms. SYDNEY . NEW SOUTH 

WALES 1854. 

78. : WEIGHT & JOHNSON | DRAPERS i &c | 

LIVERPOOL I & 1 LONDON HOUSE | 
249 & 251 PITT ST | SYDNEY displayed in 
eight lines. 
B : As No. 64. 

Woolongong. 

79. W. F. & D. L. LLOYD. Similar to No. 69. 



VICTORIA. 

Ballarat. 
Penny size. 

80. : Tobacco plant in flower tobacco under J. R. 

GRUNDY . MERCHANT, BALLAARAT . 1861. 
R: Australian arms. INDUSTRIA ET FIDES 
OMNIA VINCENT over. VICTORIA 
beneath. 

81. 0: A sprig of tobacco. J. R. GRUNDY MERCHANT 

BALLARAT. 1861. 
R : Female standing holding scales and cornucopia. 
Legend as last in raised letters on a broad 
rim. 

82. : DAVID JONES | IMPORTER | BALLAARAT | estab : 

1853 in four lines in centre . criterion 
drapery establishment * wholesale and 

RETAIL ^ 

R: View of the house. CRITERION HOUSE 
STURT ST. BALLAARAT 1862 DAVID JONES 
PROPRIETOR. 



VICTORIA. 



845 



83. 



R 



SOUTHWARDl&lSUMPTON | BALLARAT 
in four lines in inner circle WHOLESALE 
GROCERS * WINE & SPIRIT MER- 
CHANTS * 

Australian arms, advance ballarat on scroll. 
SOUTHWARD &S[JiMPTON BALLARAT. 




84. 0: J. TAYLOR | RED HOUSE | corner op | 
DANNA & RAGLAN | STREETS | 
BALLARAT in six lines in centre. BREAD 
AND BISCUIT BAKER FAMILY 
GROCER. 
Australian arms VICTORIA 1862 above. 

T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST 

MELBOURNE beneath. 

As last. 

A wheatsheaf ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1862. 

As last. 

A branch of vine with grapes and leaves. VIC- 
TORIA 1862 IN VINO VERITAS, t. 

STOKES MAKER MEL. 

W. R. WATSON & CO. WINE & SPIRIT 
MERCHANTS TOWN HALL HOTEL 
ARMSTRONG ST. BALLARAT. 
R: As No. 86. 
88. Similar to No. 87 except that the vine branch on 

Rev : is different and the letters of maker's 
name are larger. For the several varieties of 
this Rev : see under T. Stokes^, Melbourne. 



R 



85. 
R 

86. 
R: 



87. 



846 ■ AUSTRALIA. 

Bcndigo. 

89. ■ : HODGSON BROs. | sailors | gully \ & | 

CALiFOENiA | GULLY ] BENDIGO within a 
circle. WHOLESALE & RETAIL 

GROCERS & PRODUCE MERCHANTS : 
B : Ad emu, sun's rays at back . advance victoeia 
on scroll . VICTORIA 1862 . above, t. stokes 

MAKEE 100 COLLINS S^ EAST MELBOURNE . 

beneath. 

Oastlemaine. 

90. 0: T. BUTTERWORTH & CO. 1 FOREST 

STREET . CASTLEMAINE. 
B: WINE I & 1 SPIRIT I MERCHANTS in 
centre. WHOLESALE & RETAIL 

GROCERS & DRAPERS ^ 

91. Similar to last excepting that the letters on Ohv : 

are bolder. 

92. : As 90. 

B : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia . 
1859. 

93. 0: R. CALDER | BARKER ST. i CASTLE- 

MAINE in three lines in centre . WINE 
SPIRIT & GENERAL PROVISION 
MERCHANT : 1862 : 
B : Australian arms, &c., as 84. 

94. : W. FROOMES ( MARKET SQr. | CASTLE- 

MAINE in three lines in centre. FAMILY 
DRAPER CLOTHIER & OUTFITTER : 
B : As No. 84. 

95. 0: MURRAY | AND | CHRISTIE | CASTLE- 

MAINE in four lines. 
B: GROCERS | IRONMONGERS | CHINA & 
GLASS I WARE | MERCHANTS in five 
lines. 

The B : of this token is found muled with 
B : of No. 84. 



VICTORIA. 



347 



96. : G.RYLAND ] DRAPER | and | CLOTHIER 1 

MARKET SQ".'^ | CASTLE MAINE in six 
lines. 
R : Similar to No. 84. 

Eagle Rawh. 

97. 0: R. GRIEVE EAGLE HAWK in a circle. 

WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER : 
R : Similar to No. 84. 

98. 0: J. W. & G. WILLIAMS | GROCERS | IRON- 

MONGERS I & I DRAPERS 1 EAGLE HAWK 
in six lines. 
R: GOLD OFFICE ] WINE. SPIRIT \ & | 
COLONIAL I PRODUCE | MERCHANTS 
EAGLE HAWK in seven lines. 

Geelong. 

99. 0: R. PARKER IRONMONGER in two lines in centre, 
MOORABOOL STREET GEELONG 
R : Eemale standing holding scales and cornucopia 
a ship in the distance. AUSTRALIA. 

100. Similar to last except there are two dots after 

initial R : PARKER and a dot after the word 
IRONMONGER. 

101. Similar to No. 99 excepting that tails of the 

R'S in the name are turned up. 

There are several other slight varieties of 
this token. 

Melbourne. 

102. : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia 

MELBOURNE VICTORIA 1858. 
R : Australian ainns. PEACE & PLENTY. 



348 AUSTRALIA. 

103. : * JOHN ANDREW & Co. Jf: IMPORTERS 

AND GENERAL DRAPERS H: in outer 
circle. 11 LONSDALE STREET WEST * 
MELBOURNE * within. lu the centre a lion 
with a small crown on his head^ and paw 
resting on a shield. 
B : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia 
MELBOURNE VICTORIA 1860. 

A similar design to the centre of this token 
is found on Nos. 109, 118-121, and 146. 

104. 0: Jno. ANDREW & CO | DRAPERS &cintwo 

lines in the centre. * 11 LONSDALE ST 
WEST MELBOURNE. 
R : Kangaroo and emu, A^CTORIA 1862. 

105. 0: I. BOOTH 1 * DRAPER H: \ OUTFITTER &c | 

MELBOURNE ] VICTORIA in five lines. 
R : Britannia seated with olive branch and trident 
BRITANNIA. 

106. : A. DAVIDSON ] 112 | COLLINS ST BAST 

I CORNER 1 OF I RUSSELL ST | 
MELBOURNE in seven lines within a circle. 
GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT : 
R : As No. 86. 

107. 0: As last. 
R : As 88. 

108. : EDW? DE'CARLE & Co . AUCTIONEERS &c 

MELBOURNE. 
R : Female seated holding scales and sword. 
TASMANIA ^ ANNO 1855 cg^ 

109. : E. DE CARLE & Co. AUCTIONEERS & 

LAND AGENTS in outer circle. QUEENS 
ROYAL ARCADE OFFICE <%> within. In the centre 
a design as No. 103. 
R: Female seated, MELBOURNE VICTORIA 
1855. 



VICTORIA. 



349 



110. 0: 



R: 
111. 0: 



R 



112. 


0: 




R: 


113. 


0: 




R: 


114. 


0: 




R: 


115. 


0: 




R: 


IIG. 


0: 



R: 

117. 0: 
R: 



E. DE CARLE & Co. GROCERS & SPIRIT 

MERCHANTS . MELBOURNE & PLENTY 

VICTORIA, 
As No. 105. 
S. DEEBLE I DRAPER iu two lines within a 

circle LONDON HOUSE BOURKE S^ : 

MELBOURNE : 
Australian arms VICTORIA . 1862 . above, 

T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MEL- 
BOURNE beneath in two curved lines. 

As last. 

Similar to last but with advance Australia 
on scroll under arms. 

As last. 

An emu with sunrise behind. VICTORIA . 
1862 . Maker's name as before. 

As last. 

Wheatsheaf ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. 

EVANS I & I FOSTER | 78 | BOURKE St. 
I EAST in six lines, BOOKSELLERS & 
STATIONERS : MELBOURNE : 

As 113. 

A '' flagstaff.'^ FENWICK BROTHERS IM- 
PORTERS & CLOTHIERS 225 KING St. 

Bust of Queen Victoria, 225 KING STREET 
MELBOURNE . VICTORIA. 

As last. 

Similar to last but the bust is smaller and 
within an inner circle. 




350 

118. 



119. 
120. 



R 



121. 





R 


122. 







R 


123. 








R 


lU. 







R 


125. 







R 


126. 




127. 







R 



AUSTRALIA. 

HIDE & DE CAELE . GROCERS & WINE 
MERCHANTS in outer circle. ELIZABETH 
STREET . MELBOURNE . within. In the centre a 
design similar to No. 103. 

Female seated. MELBOURNE . VICTORIA. 

1857. 
Similar to last except date^, which is 1858. 

Similar to 119 except that the letters and 
figures on R : are larger, and that there is 
no dot after the word VICTORIA 

There are many minor varieties of this 
token. 

A. O. HODGSON eg. OUTFITTER AND 
TAILOR ^ in outer circle. 13 LONSDALE 
STREET WEST <%:> MELBOURNE ego within. In the 
centre a design similar to No. 103. 

As No. 118, but dated 1860. 

A. G. HODGSON j OUTFITTER | &g. = 13 LONS- 
DALE St. west MELBOURNE. 

Kangaroo and emu facing. VICTORIA 1862. 

J. HOSIE I a thistle with two leaves | 
-10 & 12- I BOURKE ST | EAST in five 
lines within a circle. THE SCOTCH PIE 
SHOP : MELBOURNE : 

Australian arms. VICTORIA 1862. 

As last. 

Similar to last except that there is a rose, 
two thistles, and shamrock between shield of 
arms and scroll. 

As 122. 

Emu and sunrise, VICTORIA 1862. 

Similar to last but with rose, shamrock and 
thistle under emu. 

As 122. 

Vine branch, j. stokes makee within a circle. 
IN VINO VERITAS : VICTORIA . 1862 ; 



VICTORIA. 351 

128. : ROBERT HYDE & CO. MELBOURNE 1 GENERAL 

I MAllIXE I STOKE | SHIPPERS OF 1 
RAGS GLASS | METALS | &c. 
R : Australian arms, PEACE & PLENTY 1857. 

129. Similar to last except date, which is 1861. 

130. 0: S & S LAZARUS | WHOLESALE | AND 

RETAIL I FANCY REPOSITORY | 29, 30, 31, 
G9, 70 & 71 I QUEENS | ARCADE | 
MELBOURNE iueio-bt lines. 
R: IMPORTERS | of | BIRMINGHAM | and | 
SHEFFIELD | WARE | STATIONERY &c in 
seven lines. 

131. 0: LEVY BROTHERS . ARCADE, MELBOURNE . = 

IMPORTERS I OF | FANCY | GOODS. 
jB : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia. 
AUSTRALIA 1855. 

132. : J. McFARLANE | WHOLESALE AND RETAIL | GROCER 

in the centre. CORNER OF ELIZABETH 
& LONSDALE S^s- MELBOURNE. 
R : Female standing, to the right a lion, to left a 
lamb. PEACE and PLENTY. 

133. 0: A "buggy." MILLER BROTHERS C<£>ACaSE 

ISWIE1LID>SfiiS MELBOURNE. 
R : Australian arms, VICTORIA . 1862, maker's 
name under as No. 111. 

134. : As last. 

R : Emu and sunrise, VICTORIA . 1862. 

135. : As last. 

R : Vine branch, IN" VINO VERITAS : 

136. Similar to last excepting that the vine leaves 

on R : are different. 

137. : MILLER & DISMOOR | DRAPERS | haber- 

dashers &c I COLLINS . ST I MELBOURNE. 

R: ONE I PENNY | TOKEN | in three lines 

SMITH & KEMP BiRM" nnd(M' ill ininute letters. 



352 AUSTRALIA. 

138. : MOUBRAY LUSH ] & Co | DRAPERS | 

MELBOURNE in four lines. 
B : Female standing holding scales and cornucopia, 
ships in distance AUSTRALIA. 

139. : : GEORGE NICHOLS : opposite CORNER to 

POST OFFICE within a circle. BOOK- 
SELLER & STATIONER . MELBOURNE. 
R : Australian arms . VICTORIA . 1862 . Maker's 
name under. 

140. : HUGH PECK 67 little collins street east 

RENTS & DEBTS COLLECTED PROCESS SERVED 
levies FOR RENT ESTABLISHED 1853 MELBOURNE 

Arranged about the coin. 
R : HUGH PECK 67 little collins street east 

ESTATE AGENT cfc MONEY LENDER HOTEL BROKER 
& VALUATOR ESTABLISHED 1853 MELBOURNE 

Arranged about the coin. 

As E : of last. 

Australian arms, VICTORIA . 1862 Maker's 
name under as No. 111. 

GEO. PETTY 157 ELIZABETH S^ SMITH- 
FIELD Co MELBOURNE. 

Figure of Justice holding scales and wand. 
VICTORIA. 

ROBINSON BRO« & CO 41 FLINDERS St 
WEST within a circle. VICTORIA COPPER 
WORKS : MELBOURNE : 

R : Emu and sunrise. VICTORIA . 1862 Maker's 
name and address under. 

144. Similar to last except with rose, shamrock, and 

thistle under emu on R : 

145. : Similar to last. 

R : Vine branch VICTORIA 1862. 



141. 







R 


142. 







R 


143. 






VICTORIA. 353 

146. : G & W. H. ROCKE . ENGLISH FURNI- 
TURE IMPORTERS in outer circle. 
18 LONSDALE STREET EAST . MELBOURNE within. 
The design in centre similar to No. 103. 
R : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia. 
MELBOURNE VICTORIA 1859. 

U7. : ANNAND SMITH & Co FAMILY GROCERS 
. MELBOURNE. 
R : Britannia seated, holding olive branch and 
trident. BRITANNIA. 

148. Similar to last except the olive branch has 11 

leaves instead of 14 and there is a minute 
H & s at back of shield. (For Hcaton & 
Sons.) 

149. : THOMAS STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS 

ST . EAST * MELBOURNE H: 
R : Australian arms. VICTORIA . 1862. Maker's 
name and address under. 

150. Similar to last but with a rose, shamrock, and 

two thistle leaves between scroll and shield 
and maker's name is also smaller. 

151. : ' As 147. 

R : Emu and sunrise. VICTORIA . 1862. Maker's 
name as before. 

152. : T. STOKES | DIE | SINKER | SEAL EN- 

GRAVER I LETTER CUTTER | CHECK 
& TOKEN I MAKER | MELBOURNE in 
eight lines. 
R : As last. 

153. : T. STOKES | 100 I COLLINS ST | EAST 

1 MELBOURNE in centre. LETTER 
CUTTER BUTTON CHECK & TOKEN 
MAKER in outer circle. 
R : Vine branch VICTORIA 1862. Maker's name 
and address under. 

23 



354 
154. 

R 



155. 







B 


156. 







B 



157. 



B 

158. ; 





B 


159. 







B 


160. 







B 


161. 




162. 




163. 




164. 






AUSTEALIA. 

Centre as last, LETTEE CUTTER SEAL EN- 

GEAVER TOKEN MAKEE in outer circle. 
Vine branch with eleven large and four small 

leaves and two bunches of grapes VICTOEIA 

1862 : IN VINO VEEITAS : 
Similar to last except that there are dots after 

CUTTEE— ENGEAVEE & MAKEE. 
Vine branch with nine large and four small 

leaves, two bunches of grapes and tendril. 

T. STOKES MAKER MEL. under. 

As 154. 

Emu and sunrise VICTOEIA 1862 rose, sham- 
rock and thistle under emu. 
T. STOKES I 100 I COLLINS ST | EAST in 

four lines within a circle. BUTTON CHECK 

& TOKEN MAKEE MELBOUENE. 
Emu and sunrise VICTOEIA 1862. 
T. STOKES I 100 I COLLINS ST | EAST j 

MELBOUENE in five lines within a circle. 

MILITARY OENAMENT BUTTON & 

TOKEN MAKEE : 
A wheatsheaf ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1862. 
As last. 
As 155. 

A wheatsheaf ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1862. 
Vine branch with eleven large and five small 

leaves, two bunches of grapes and one tendril. 
Similar to last, but with eleven large and three 

small leaves. 
Similar to last, but with nine large and five 

small leaves, a bunch of grapes beneath the 

fifth and ninth leaf. 
Similar to last, a bunch of grapes beneath the 

sixth and ninth leaf. 
Australian arms, VICTORIA . 1862 t. stokes 

MAKER 100 COLLINS STREET MELBOURNE. 



VICTORIA. 



355 



R : Vine branch with eleven large leaves and five 

small. Grapes beneath seventh and ninth leaf. 
105. Similar but with ten large and four small leaves. 

Grapes beneath seventh and tenth leaf. 
1 OG. Similar but with ten large and four small leaves. 

Grapes beneath fifth and eighth leaf. 

It would be diflBcult to say whether or not 

some of these are mules, most likely the 

dies from which they were struck were used 

as R : dies for other pieces. 
T. WARBUKTON | 11 1 LITTLE | BOURKE 

ST. I WEST in five lines within a circle. 

IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS : 

MELBOURNE : 
Australian arms . VICTORIA . 18G2. Maker's 

name and address as before. 
As last. 
As No. 158. 
As last. 
As No. 155. 
As last. 
As No. 157. 
As last. 
As No. 158. 
Female seated, holding scales and corcucopia. 

WARNOCK BRO? MELBOURNE & 

MALDON. 
R : Australian arms PEACE & PLENTY 1861. 

173. Similar to last, except that there is no & on : 

and date on i?: is 1863. 

Port Albert. 

174. 0: PORT 1 ALBERT | & | SALE | in four lines 

within a circle. GIPPSLAND : HARD- 
WARE COMPANY : 
R: Australian arms. VICTORIA . 1862 Maker's 
name &c. as before. 

23 * 



167. 



R 

168. 
R 

169. 
R 

170. 
R 

171. 
R 

172. 



356 



AUSTRALIA. 



175. : As last. 

R: A plough TRADE & 
Maker^s name &c. as last. 



AGEICULTURE 



Richmond. 

176. 0; BARROWCLOUGH 100 BRIDGE ROAD 

witMn a circle. BOOKSELLER & 
STATIONER :^ RICHMOND H: 
R: Australian arms VICTORIA 1862. Rose, 
shamrock, and thistle under shield. Maker's 
name &c. as No. 174. 

177. 0: R. B. RIDLER | 187 | BRIDGE | ROAD | 

RICHMOND in five lines within a circle. 
WHOLESALE & RETAIL BUTCHER : 
R: As No. 174 

178. 0: As last. 

R : Emu and sunrise, VICTORIA .1862. 

179. 0: As last. 

R : Wheatsheaf, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA .1862. 
8 ale (see also Port Albert). 

180. 0: JAs. DAVEY | & Co. | GIPPS LAND | 

STORE I FOSTER St. | SALE = WHOLE- 
SALE & RETAIL DRAPERS GROCERS 
& IMPORTERS : 
R: As 174. 

181. 0- J. D. LEESON : WATCHMAKER & 

JEWELLER : FANCY MUSEUM SALE. 
R : As last. 

Sandhurst, 

182. 0: STEAD BROTHERS I FRUITEKERS I GROCERS I 

& SEEDSMEN | PALL MALL | SANDHURST. 

R- As No. 174. 

183. : As last. 

R: Vine branch, VICTORIA 1862 : IN VINO 
VERITAS : 



VICTORIA. 357 

Sandridge. 

184. 0: W. C. COOK I BAY ST. | SANDRIDGE 

ODDFELLOWS STORE withiu a circle. 
SUGAR COMPANIES TREACLE DE- 
LIVERED ORDERS PUNCTUALLY ATTENDED TO. 

B: As No. 174. 

South Yarra. 

185. 0: THOs. H. COPE | GENERAL | DRAPER 

within a circle. GARDENERS CREEK 
ROAD : SOUTH YARRA : 
R: As 174. 

Warrnamhuol. 

186. 0: WILLIAM BATEMAN JUN^? & C9 

WARRNAMBOOL . around within a circle. 
VICTORIA in the centre. IMPORTERS 
AND GENERAL MERCHANTS . 1855 . 
in outer circle. 
B : Female standing, holding scales and cornucopia. 
A ship in the distance. AUSTRALIA. 

187. : W. W. JAMESON | & Co | STOREKEEPERS 

= LIEBIG STREET WARRNAMBOOL. 
B : As last excepting that the date, 18G2, is beneath 
the figure. 

Williamstown. 

188. : MASON I & I CULLEY in three lines in an 

inner circle. GENERAL STORES . WIL- 
LIAMSTOWN. 
B : Figure of Britannia holding scales and trident. 
VICTORIA 

Mt'lbourne. 
Halfpenni/ size. 

189. : A kangaroo, MELBOURNE. Maker's name 

under, w. J. taylor medalist to the great 

EXHIBITION 1851. 

B : Britannia seated, holding olive branch and 
waiul. AUSTRALIA. 



358 AUSTRALIA. 

190. : ADAMSON, WATTS, MCKECHNIE & Coc8^ 

WHOLESALE & RETAIL WAREHOUSEMEN 
R: 11 COLLINS St. EAST* MELBOURNE* 
MAY 1st 1855. 

191. : JOHN ANDREW & Co. IMPORTERS AND 

GENERAL DRAPERS . in outer circle 
11 LONSDALE STREET WEST . MEL- 
BOURNE . iu inner circle. In the centre a 
lion with his paw resting on a shield. 
R : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia, 

a ship in the distance. MELBOURNE 

VICTORIA 1860. 

192. 0: Jno. ANDREW & Co. 1 DRAPERS &c. = 11 

LONSDALE ST WEST MELBOURNE. 
R : Kangaroo and emu, VICTORIA 1862. Maker's 
name and address under kangaroo, coard 

LONDON. 

193. 0: CROMBIE CLAPPERTON & FINLAY — 

41 WEST LONSDALE STREET o^o 
R : A kangaroo, MELBOURNE. Maker's name and 
address under as : of No. 189. 

194. : HIDE & DE CARLE . GROCERS & WINE 

MERCHANTS in outer circle ELIZABETH 
STREET 1 MELBOURNE . within. In the 
centre a design similar to that of No. 191. 
R : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia 
MELBOURNE . VICTORIA . 1857. 

195. Similar to last, except date, which is 1858. 

196. 0: A. G. HODGSON <%^ OUTFITTER AND 

TAILORcg^in outer circlo 13 LONSDALE STREET 
WEST cgj MELBOURNE*^ within. In the centre a 
design similar to No. 191, 
R: As 191. 

197. : A. G. HODGSON 1 OUTFITTER ] &c in three lines. 

18 LONSDALE ST WEST MELBOURNE. 
R : Kangaroo and emu, VICTORIA 1862. Maker's 
name and address under coard London. 





R 


200. 




201. 







R 


202. 







R 



VICTORIA. 359 

198. : THE ORIGINAL j{c SCOTCH PIE SHOP* 
R : 12 BOURKE ST EAST in three lines. 

This token is halfpenny size, but a specimen 
in the author's cabinet is countermarked 1' 

199. : ROBERT HYDE <fe Co. MELBOURNE GENERAL 

MARINE STORE shippers op bags glass 

METALS &C. 

Australian arms, PEACE & PLENTY 1857. 
Similar to last, except date, which is 1861. 
JAMES NOKES GROCER MELBOURNE. 
IN COMMEMORATION OF THE LANDING 

OF eg. — SIR CHARLES HOTHAM 22d 

JUNE 1854. 
As last. 
Britannia seated holding palm branch and wand. 

AUSTRALIA. 

203. : T. STOKES | DIE | SINKER | SEAL EN- 

GRAYER I LETTER CUTTER | CHECK 
& TOKEN I MAKER j MELBOURNE in 
eight lines. 
R: MILITARY ORNAMENT AND BUTTON MAKER in outer 
circle, t. stokes : 100 collins st. east 
MELBOUENE within. ELECTRO | PLATING | 
AND I GILDING in four lines in the centre. 

204. 0: T. W. THOMAS & Co. GROCERS : 

c8= MELBOURNE ^ 
R: As 201. 

205. : THRALE & CROSS . FAMILY GROCER 

& EGG POWDER STORE HOWARD St. 
NORTH MELBOURNE. 
R : Kangaroo, MELBOURNE. Maker's name and 
address under as : of No. 189. 

206. 0: As last. 

R : Britannia seated, holding palm branch and 
wand. AUSTRALIA. 



J60 



AUSTRALIA. 



South Yarra. 
207. 0: FISHER | DRAPER | MARLBOROUGH | HOUSE 
GARDINERS CREEK ROAD iu five Hues. 
B : Kangaroo and emu, AUSTRALIA 1857. 



Penny size. 
208. : 



QUEENSLAND. 



MERRY & BUSH . MERCHANTS & GENERAL 
IMPORTERS . QUEENSLAND . 1863. 
R: Australian arms. PEACE & PLENTY. 



Brisbane. 

209. 0: andE: alike. BROOKES IRONMONGERS BRIS- 

BANE. 

210. Similar to last, except that the words " iron- 

mongers'' and ''^ Brisbane ^^ are ornamental 
instead of plain. 

211. 0: W. & B. BROOKES | IRONMONGERS | BRIS- 

BANE, in three lines. 
R: Australian arms. QUEENSLAND 1863. 

212. 0: J. W. BUXTON STATIONERY STORES. 
R: LADIES WAREHOUSE BRISBANE 

: QUEENSLAND : 

213. 0: ONE I PENNY in two Imes in centre. LAR- 

COMBE & COMPY ^ BRISBANE. ^ 
R: LARCOMBE & COMPY FURNISHING 
DRAPERS TAILORS he. ' ^ ' 

214. : As last. 

R : As No. 216. 

This is most probably a mule. 

215. : J. SAWYER | WHOLESALE | & RETAIL | 

TOBACCONIST | BRISBANE in five lines. 
R : Austrahan arms. QUEENSLAND 1864. 



QUEENSLAND . 



3G1 




216. 


0: 




R: 


217. 


0: 




B: 



218. 



B 



219. 



B 



220. : 
B: 



ONE I PENNY in two linos in centre. STEWART 

& HEMMANT ^ DRAPEES •!• 
An emu. CRITERION . BRISBANE & 

ROCKHAMPTON . Maker's name and 

address under w. J. taylor London. 
STEWART & HEMMANT CRITERION 

BRISBANE. 
DRAPERS in centre. WHOLESALE above, 

RETAIL beneath. 

Ipsivich. 
T. H. JONES I & CO I IPSWICH | QUEENS- 
LAND I AUSTRALIA in five lines within a 
circle. IRONMONGERS & GENERAL 
IMPORTERS cg3 
Female standing, holding scales and cornucopia. 

A ship in the distance AUSTRALIA. 
JOHN PETTIGREW | & C^- | IPSWICH 
in three lines in the centre. WHOLESALE 
AND RETAIL GENERAL MERCHANTS. 
Australian arms. QUEENSLAND 1865. 

This token is of bronze, and rather smaller 
than the usual penny size. 

Boekhampton. 
BELL I & I GARDNER in three Hues in centre. 

IRONMONGERS^ ROCKHAMPTON^ 
PENNY I TOKEN surrounded by a wreath of flowers. 

The risinof sun above. 



362 AUSTRALIA. 

221. : QUEENSLAND STOEES ROOKHAMPTON 

D. T. MULLIGAN. 
R : As No. 219 excepting date^ which is 1863. 

Toowooniba. 

222. : T. F. MERRY & Co. GENERAL MERCHANTS 

TOOWOOMBA. 
B : Australian arms. PEACE & PLENTY. 

Ipswich. 
Maljj>enny size. 

223. Similar to No. 219 excepting in size and value. 

This token and the penny which it 
resembles is of bronze and of the same size 
and weight as the English bronze coinage. 

RocTiliampton. 

224. Similar to No. 221 excepting in size and value. 

Toowoomha. 

225. Similar to No. 222 excepting in size and value. 



SOUTH AUSTRALIA. 

Adelaide. 
Penny size, 

226. 0: CROCKER | & \ HAMILTON | ADELAIDE | 

PORT ADELAIDE in five lines. 
R : CROCKER | & | HAMILTON in three lines in 
centre. DRAPERS CLOTHIERS &c. 

227. 0: HARROLD BROTHERS | WHOLESALE | & | 

RETAIL I IRONMONGERS ] HINDLEY 
St. I ADELAIDE in seven lines. 
R : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia. 
A shipin the distance. AUSTRALIA 1858. 



ROUTTT AUSTKALIA. 



363 
RUNDLE 



228. 0: JOHN HOWELL | BOOKSELLER . 
St. I ADELAIDE in four lines. 
R : A bird (the liver) holding an olive branch in its 
mouth LIVERPOOL CHEAP BOOK DEPOT. 




229. 


0: 




B: 


230. 


0: 




B: 


23L 


0: 




B: 


232. 


0: 




B: 


233. 


0: 



B 



JOHN HOWELL | BOOKSELLER | HINDLEY 

St. I . ADELAIDE . in four lines. 
As last. 

JOHN MARTIN | GROCER | AND | TEA 
DEALER I 29 | RUNDLE STREET | 
ADELAIDE in seven lines. 

Female standing, holding scales and cornucopia. 
AUSTRALIA. 

MARTIN & SACH IRONMONGERS 
. ADELAIDE . 

As last. 

WILLIAM MORGAN | WHOLESALE | & | 

RETAIL i GROCER | hixNdley street | 

ADELAIDE in seven lines. 
Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia. 

A ship in the distance. AUSTRALIA 1858. 

ALFRED TAYLOR | DRAPER | and | 
CLOTHIER I ADELAIDE | 31 RUNDLE 
STREET in six lines. 

As 230. 



364 

Halfpenny size. 

234. 



B 



WESTERN AUSTRALIA. 

CROCKER AND HAMILTON . 1857 . 

DRAPERS I SILKMERCERS | AND | CLOTHIERS. 
View of shop regent house over door, tailors 

on left window drapers on right. ADELAIDE, 

PORT ADELAIDE. AND BURRABURRA. 



Penny size. 
235. : 



B 



236. 



B 



WESTERN AUSTRALIA. 

Freemantle. 

ALFRED DAYIES PAWNBROKER HIGH 

ST- FREEMANTLE. 
A swan swimming WESTERN AUSTRALIA 

1865. 
Australian arms JOHN HENDERSON 

PAWNBROKER. 
View of shop one penny token under. PACK- 

ENHAM STREET FREEMANTLE W.A. 




TASMANIA (OR VAN DIEMAN^S LAND). 

Gam'phell Town. 
Fenny size. 

237. 0: JOSEPH BRICKHILL . DRAPER | AND | 
GENERAL IMPORTER. CAMPBELL TOWN. 
B : ONE PENNY TOKEN . ADVANCE TASMANIA 
1856. COMMERCIAL HOUSE. 



Delnraine. 



238. 



0: 
B: 



SAMUEL HENRY DELORAINE EMPORIUM. 
Kansraroo and emu. TASMANIA 1857. 



TASMANIA (or VAN DIEMAN's LAND). 365 

Hobart Town. 

239. : LEWIS ABRAHAMS [ DRAPER | LIVER- 

POOL STREET I HOBART TOWN. 
B: As last, except date, 1855. 

240. : J. G. FLEMING . GROCER & TEA DEALER. 

An ornamental wreath in centre within a 
beaded circle. 
B : A sugar-loaf with the letter F upon it, in centre 
within a beaded circle. SUGAR LOAF 
. HOBART TOWN 1874. 

241. 0: I. FRIEDMAN PAWNBROKER ARGYLE 

STREET. 
B : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia. 
A ship in the distance . TASMANIA 1857. 

242. : . H I HEDBERG in two lines in the centre, 

OIL & COLOR STORES ^ ARGYLE 
ST HOBART TON* 
B : ONE I PENNY in two lines in centre. . H . 
HEDBERG ^ SWEDISH HOUSE 

HOBART TON <%> 

243. : As last. 

B: Female seated. MELBOURNE VICTORIA 
18G0. 

244. 0: As i?: of No. 242. 

B : Britannia seated, holding ohve branch and wand. 
AUSTRALIA. 

These two are undoubtedly mules. 

245. : R. HENRY. | WHOLESALE | AND RETAIL [ 

IRONMONGER | 94 LIVERPOOL S? | 
HOBART TOWN, in five lines. 

B : Three saws and agricultural implements. ONE 
PENNY TOKEN . PAYABLE ON 
DEMAND AT R. HENRY'S. 
24(3. 0: A saw and sickle in centre. G. HUTTON 
IRONMONGER . HOBART TOWN. 

B : A kangaroo and emu. 



366 TASMANIA (or VAN DIEMAN^S LAND). 

247. : WILLIAM ANDREW JAEVEY | PAWN- 

BROKER I AND GENERAL | 
CLOTHIER I HOBART TOWN in five lines. 
R : Three balls suspended b.v chains from a staff. 
ONE PENNT TOKEN PAYABLE AT 
W. A. JARVEY'S . MURRAY STREET. 

248. Similar to last, except that the three balls are 

smaller, and are suspended by rods, not 
chains, from an ornamental bracket. 

249. : A bouquet. H. LIPSCOMBE . MURRAY STREET . 

HOBART TOWN . ^ SEEDSMAN & SALESMAN ^ 
R : ONE PENNY | TOKEN in two lines in centre. 
SHIPPING SUPPLIED WITH ALL KINDS OF COLONIAL 
PRODUCE * 

250. 0: H.J. MARSH & BROTHER | IRONMONGERS 1 MURRY 

AND I COLLINS St- | HOBART TOWN in five lines. 

R: A scythe head and two knives within a circle, 

a spade and fork crossed under, one shilling 

FOE 12 PENNY TOKENS . PAYABLE AT H. J. MAESH 

& BEOTHEB. The scythe and knives are in an 
inner circle. 

251. 0: Similar to last, excepting name of street is spelt 

MURRAY, and shape of letters is different. 
R : Similar tools to last, but no inner circle. 

252. Similar to No. 251 excepting that the tools are 

differently arranged. 

253. 0: R. ANDREW MATHER . FAMILY 

DRAPER &c. HOBART TOWN. 
R : Female standing, holding scales and cornucopia. 
A ship in the distance . TASMANIA. 

254. 0: JOSEPH MOIR | WHOLESALE ] and | RETAIL | 

IRONMONGERY | ESTABLISHMENT | 1850 I 
HOBART TOWN in eight lines. 
R: ONE I PENNY TOKEN | PAYABLE | ON 
DEMAND I HERE in five lines in centre. 
ECONOMY HOUSE MURRY STREET. 



TASMANIA (or VAN DIEMAN's LAND). 



367 





B: 


256. 


0: 




B: 


257. 


0: 



LIVERPOOL I TEA 
ST. I IIOBART 



255. : A. NICHOLAS | 30 | Liverpool S^ in three 
lines in centre. LIVERPOOL TEA WAREHOUSE 
* HOBARTON * 
The arms of Liverpool, with supporters, crest, &c. 
ALFRED NICHOLAS | 
WAREHOUSE | LIVERPOOL 
TOWN in five lines. 
Britannia seated, holding palm branch and 

trident . BRITANNIA. 
R. S. WATERHOUSE | DRAPERY | 
ESTABLISH^IENT [ HOBART TOWN j 
ONE PENNY I TOKEN \ MANCHESTER 
HOUSE in seven lines. 
B: A baby in a ''jumper.^' BABY LINEN™ 
WAREHOUSE — FOR READY MONEY 
— THE SPIRIT OF TRADE. 
258. 0: W. D. WOOD | WINE ] & | SPIRIT ] 
MERCHANT in five lines in centre. MONT- 
PELIER RETREAT HOBART TOWN. 
B : A view of the Montpelier Retreat Inn. 
HOBART TOWN 1855. 




259. 0: ONE PENNY TOKEN | PAYABLE | ON 
DEMAND 1 HERE ] MONTPELIER RETREAT | 
INN I HOBART TOWN | W. D. WOOD in 
seven lines. 
B : View of the inn having flagstaff and two trees 
at bark MONTPELIER RETREAT INN W. D. WOOD. 



368 TA.SMANIA (or VAN DIEMAN's LAND). 

Launceston. 

260. 0: E. F. DEA8E ONE PENNY in centre. = 

WHOLESALE & EETAIL DE APERY 
WAREHOUSE -I* BRISBANE ST ^ 
B: A golden fleece. SIC YOS NON YOBIS 
YELLERA FERTIS OYES ^ I place 
this token on the authority of Stainsfeld. 
It is placed at Hobart Town by Neumann 
and Weyl. 

Newtown. 

261. : Yiew of toll-house and gate in centre. NEW 

TOWN TOLLCIATE ♦ R. JOSEPHS ♦ 
B : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia. 
A ship in the distance. YAN DIE MANS 
LAND 1855. 

Westhury. 

262. : THOMAS WHITE and SON . WESTBURY . 
B : Kangaroo and emu. TASMANIA 1855. 

263. Similar to last, except date, which is 1857. 

Hohart Town. 
ffalfpenny size. 

264. 0: LEWIS ABRAHAMS DRAPER LIYER- 

POOL STREET HOBART TOWN. 
B : As No. 262. 

265. 0: I. FRIEDMAN PAWNBROKER ARGYLE 

STREET. 
B : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia. 
A ship in the distance. TASMANIA 1857. 

266. : 0. H. HEDBERG in two lines in the centre, 

OIL & COLOR STORES . ARGYLE 
S? HOBART TON. 
B : HALF 1 PENNY in two lines in the centre. 
0. H. HEDBERG . SWEDISH HOUSE 
HOBART TON. 



TASMANIA. 



369 



2G7. 
R 

268. 
R 



269. 





R: 


270. 


0: 




R: 


271. 


0: 




R 


272. 


0: 



R 



273. 



B 



274. 



R 



Aa R : of last. 

As No. 260. 

As last. 

LIPMAN LEVY IMPORTER AND 

MANUFACTURER OF BOOTS & 

SHOES WELLINGTON . NEW 

ZEALAND 

These two are evidently mules. 
A saw and sickle in centre. G. HUTTON 

IRONMONGER HOBART TOWN. 
A kangaroo and emu. 

H. J. MARSH & BROTHER . IRONMONGERS HOBART TOWN. 
A steamship in centre. HALFPENNY TOKEN to 

FACILITATE TRADE. See a veiy similar token 

for Cape of Good Hope. 
ALFRED NICHOLAS [ LIVERPOOL | TEA WAREHOUSE | 

LIVERPOOL ST | HOBART TOWN in five lines. 
Britannia seated holding palm bush and trident 

BRITANNIA. 
R. S. WATERHOUSE | DRAPERY | 

ESTABLISHMENT | HALFPENNY | 

TOKEN I MANCHESTER HOUSE in six 

lines. 
A baby in "jumper." BABY LINEN — 

WAREHOUSE — FOR READY 

MONEY — THE SPIRIT OF TRADE. 

ONE HALFPENNY TOKEN | PAYABLE | ON DEMAND 
HERE I MONTPELIER RETREAT | INN | HOBART 
TOWN I W. D. WOOD. 

View of the inn. MONTPELIER RETREAT INN W. D. 
WOOD. 

Launceston. 

E. F. DBASE HALFPENNY WHOLESALE 

& RETAIL DRAPERY WAREHOUSE 

BRISBANE ST 

A golden fleece SIC VOS NON VOBIS 

VELLERA FERTIS OVES. Sec No. 260. 

2-A 



370 NEW ZEALAND. 

New Town. 

275. : Yiew of toll-hoase and gate in centre. NEW 

TOWN TOLL GATE * E . JOSEPHS * 

B : Female seated^ holding scales and cornucopia. 

A ship in the distance. VAN DIEMANS 

LAND 1855. 



Westbury. 

276. 0: THOMAS WHITE and SON . WESTBUEY. 
B : Kangaroo and emu. TASMANIA 1855. 



NEW ZEALAND. 

Penny size. 

277. : ALLIANCE TEA COMPANY | OPPOSITE [ 

BANK OF I NEW ZEALAND | EOBEBT 
THOMPSON I MANAGEE | 1866. 
B: ITALIAN ] WAEEHOUSE | FANCY | 
GOODS in four lines in the centre. TEAS 
COFFEES FEUITS & SPICES . 1866. 

278. 0: Bust of Maori chief. ADVANCE NEW 

ZEALAND. 
B : Native standing by palm-tree holding shield 
and spear, mountains behind. NEW 
ZEALAND. 

279. : Head of queen laureated, Eose, shamrock and 

thistle under. VICTOEIA QUEEN OF 
GEEAT BEITAIN. 
B : Britannia seated, holding shield and trident. 
NEW ZEALAND 1879. 

The : and B : of No. 278 are used as B : 
to two tokens of Christchurch. See Nos. 307 
and 808. 



NKW ZEALAND. 371 



Auckland. 



280. R: H.ASHTON | IMPORTER | OF | HABER- 

DASHERY I & I TAILORS I TRIM- 
MINGS I QUEEN ST AUCKLAND in eight 
lines. 
R : Female standing, holding scales and cornucopia. 
A ship in the distance. NEW ZEALAND 
1862. 

281. Similar to last except date, which is 1863. 

282. : Head of Queen laureated in a beaded circle, 

VICTORIA . BORN MAY 24 1819. 
B: AUCKLAND LICENSED VICTUALLERS 

ASSOCIATION . ESTABLISHED IN NEW 

ZEALAND APRIL 4 1871. 

283. : CHARLES C. BARLEY WHOLESALE GROCER 

AUCKLAND NEW ZEALAND. 
R : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia. 
GOD SAVE THE QUEEN 1858. 

284. 0: ARCHIBALD CLARK DRAPER shortland street 

R : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia, 
A ship in the distance. NEW ZEALAND 
1857. 

285. 0: Bust full faced. SAMUEL COOMBES 

MANUFACTURING CLOTHIER 
QUEEN ST AUCKLAND. 
R: TAILOR, OUTFITTER | QUEEN STREET] 
AUCKLAND ] S. COOMBES | ALBERT STREET 
I GRAHAM-TOWN | GENTLEMEN'S MERCER in 
seven lines. 

286. 0: IS. FORSAITH . WHOLESALE & RETAIL 

RETAIL DRAPER . MANCHESTER 
HOUSE . AUCKLAND. The latter within 
a circle. 
B: Similar to 284 excepting date, which is 1858. 

24 * 



372 NEW ZEALAND. 

287. : B. GITTOS | LEATHEE | MERCHANT | IM- 

PORTER OF I BOOTS & SHOES | &c. &c. 
in six lines. 
B: WHOLESALE & RETAIL | LEATHER | & 
I GRINDERY 1 STORES \ WYNDHAM 
STREET I AUCKLAND | N.Z. | 1864 in 
nine lines. 

288. : R. G RATTEN THAMES HOTEL AUCKLAND. 
B: A Maori in a canoe, 1872 beneath, within a 

wreath of branches of tree fern. 

This piece is smailer than the usual penny 
size. 

289. 0: HOLLAND & BUTLER :jc 28 & 30 VIC- 

TORIA ST- AUCKLAND % in outer circle. 
OIL COLOR & GLASS MERCHANTS on a 
painter's palette in centre, stokes & martin 
above the palette, Melbourne beneath. 
B: IMPORTERS | OF | PAPERHANGINCS | 
GILT MOULDINGS | GLASS SHADES 
I & I PAINTERS MATERIALS in seven 
lines. 

290. 0: MORRIS MARKS | PAWNBROKER | and | 

SALESMAN | CORNER OF QUEEN St. | 
WELLESLEY ST [ AUCKLAND in seven 
lines. 
B : Three balls within a circle. 

This again is smaller than the usual penny 

size. 

291. 0: A palm-tree in centre. MORRIN & Co. QUEEN 

STREET AUCKLAND GROCERS, WINE & 
SPIRIT MERCHANTS. 
B : Female standing, holding scales and cornu- 
copia. Behind a Maori and gold digger 
joining hands. ADVANCE AUCKLAND. 



NEW ZEALAND. 



373 



292. : sTHAGUE^ SMITH MERCHANT AUCKLAND 

WHOLESALE & RETAIL IRONMON- 
GER. 

R: Bust of Prince Consort. PRINCE ALBERT born 

AUGT 2G 1810 DIED DEC?} 14 1861. 

293. 0: M. SOMERVILLE | WHOLESALE | FAMILY 

GROCER I CITY MART | AUCKLAND in five 
lines. 
B: A bouquet of rose, sliamrock and thistle. 
NEW ZEALAND. 1857. 

A similar design appears on the -B : of 
a token of William Hodgins, Banker, Clogh- 
j or dan, with the word IRELAND over, and 
dated 1858. This, although very similar to 
the Australasian tokens, is Irish. 

294. 0: Head of Queen filleted. VICTORIA DEI 

GRATIA 1874. 
B: UNITED SERVICE | HOTEL in two linos in centre 
within a circle. CORNER OF QUEEN & 
WELLESLEY STREETS . AUCKLAND . 
N.Z. 

295. Similar to last except that the words UNITED 

SERVICE are in a curved hne instead of 
straight. 

296. : EDWARD WATERS QUEEN ST. AUCK- 

LAND WHOLESALE & RETAIL CON- 
FECTIONER. 
B : Bust of Maori ONE PENNY TOKEN, stokes 

& MARTIN MELBODRNE bcnoath bust. 




374 NEW ZEALAND. 

297. : MASON STRUTHERS & CO. WHOLESALE AND 

RETAIL IRONMONGERS STOKE & MARTIN MEL- 
BOURNE. 

R : Similar to last, but uot from the same die and 
with maker's name omitted. 

This token has been placed here from the 
similarity of the reverses, but I have not been 
able to ascertain for what New Zealand town 
it was struck. 



Ghristchurch. 

298. : J. CARO I & CO. 1 HIGH ST. in three lines 

within a circle. GENERAL IRONMON- 
GERS : GHRISTCHURCH : 
B: A man ploughing. TRADE AND AGRICULTURE 

STOKES MELB at foot. 

299. : S.CLARKSON ] BUILDER | & | IMPORTER | 

CASHEL STREET j CHRIST | CHURCH 
NEW ZEALAND in eight lines. 
R : Female seated holding scales and cornucopia. 
Ship in distance NEW ZEALAND 1875. 

300. Similar to last, but with two branches crossed 

in place of words BUILDER &. 

301. 0: A stove in centre. T. W. GOURLAY & Co. 

IMPORTERS OF AND KITCHENERS CHRIST- 
CHURCH. 

R: A saw in centre. ECONOMY HOUSE HIGH 

STREET BUILDERS AND FURNISHING IRON- 
MONGERY. 

302. 0: ONE PENNY between two lines in centre. 

HENRY J. HALL ^ CHRISTCHURCH 
COFFEE MILLS ^ 
jR: H. J. HALL in centre between two lines. 
FAMILY GROCER ^ WINE & SPIRIT 
MERCHANT -i;c 



NKW ZKALANI). 375 

303. : H. J. HALL iu ceutre between two lines. 

CimiSTCHURCH * COFFEE MILLS <%> 
R : As last. 

304. : As last excepting that there are no lines or 

crosses. 
R: H. J. HALL iu centre. FAMILY GROCER 
: WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT : 

305. 0: As No. 302. 

R : Kangaroo and emu. This is evidently a 
tnule. 
30G. 0: HOBDAY & JOBBERNS DRAPERS 
AVATERLOOHOUSE°CHRISTCHURCH" 
R : Arms of the province of Canterbury, ad- 
vance CANTERBURY ou a scroU uuder shield. 

307. : A lyre, two trumpets, &c. within a wreath, 

radiated, a Cupid above, cheistchuech 1881 
below. MiLNEE & Thompson's canteebuey 

MOSIC DEPOT & pianoforte WAREHOUSE. 

R: Bust of Maori chief. ADVANCE NEW 
ZEALAND. 

308. 0: SOLE AGENTS | FOR | JOHN BRINS- 

MEAD I & SONS I PIANOS in five lines in 
centre. Legend round as last. 

R : Maori standing, holding shield, landscape with 
mountains in distance. NEW ZEALAND. 

The : and i? : of Nos. 307 and 308 have 
been " muled " and thus three other varieties 
have been made, all of which appear alike to 
have been in circulation. 

309. 0: W. PETERSEN : HIGH ST. CHRIST- 

CHURCH : in outer circle. WATCH- 
MAKER AND . JEWELLER . in centre. 
jR : A cup, timepiece, and watch in centre. 
EVERYTHING SOLD GUARANTEED 
ALL REPAIRS WELL EXECUTED. 



376 NEW ZEALAND. 

310. 0: WILLIAM PRATT DIRECT IMPORTER OF 

EVERY DESCRIPTION OF LINEN DRAPERY AND 
CLOTHINa. 
B: ESTABLISHED 1854 in centre. DUNSTABLE 
HOUSE CASHED STREET CHRISTCHURCH 
N.Z. 

311. 0: EDWARD REECE | wholesale | and retail | 

BUILDERS I AND FURNISHING | IRONMONGER | 
BIRMINGHAM | AND SHKFPIELD | WAREHOUSE | 
CHRISTCHURCH | CANTERBURY | N.Z. in twelve 

lines. 
B : A maD shearing a sheep^ and a wheatsheaf and 
sickle. ADVANCE CANTERBURY NEW 
ZEALAND. 

312. 0: A wheatslieaf, UNION BAKERY company 

above it, CHRISTCHURCH beneath. 
B: WHOLESALE | and | RETAIL | BAKERS | 
CONFECTIONERS | and [ GROCERS dis- 
played in seven lines. 

Dunedin. 

313. 0: DAY & MIEVILLE | MERCHANTS | 

DUNEDIN ! OTAGO in four lines. 
B : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia, 
a ship in the distance. NEW ZEALAND 1857 

314. : Royal arms within the garter crowned. " ^. 

B : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia. 
VIYANT REGINA 18G2. 

This is rather smaller than usual penny 
size. 

315. 0: JONES & WILLIAMSON | WHOLESALE | & 1 

RETAIL I GROCERS ] WINE, SPIRIT, | 
& PROVISION I MERCHANTS | DUNE- 
DIN in nine lines. 
B : Similar to No. 313 excepting date, which is 1858. 



NEW ZEALAND. 377 

316. 0: PERKINS & CO. ID>3SA3F3BKS^ DUNEDIN. 

R : Fcmulo seated, holding scales and cornuco[)ia, 
a ship in the distance. DUNEDIN NEW 
ZEALAND. 

This again is a small size penny. 

317. 0: A. S. WILSON | DUNEDIN | OTAGO | 

MEDICAL HALL in four lines. 
B : As No. 313. 

GraJtamstoion. 

318. 0: ©COrtJC fHc(5anI, COPPERSMITH TINSMITH PLUMBER 

AND GASFITTER ©raljamstolMTt in the centre 
within a circle .N.E.W....Z.E.A. 
•L . A . N . D . . , . extending all round , 
18—74 at the sides. 
R : Engine house and shaft, advance Thames 
GOLDFIELDS Under, in an inner circle. 

Invercargill. 

319. : S. BEAVEN IRONMONGER & MERCHANT 

INVERCARGILL N.Z. 
R : Australian Arms PEACE & PLENTY 18G3. 

Nelson. 

320. 0: J. M. MERRINGTON & Co. | WHOLESALE | 

& I RETAIL I DRAPERS | & | OUTFIT- 
TERS I NELSON in eight lines. 
R : Female standing, holding scales and cornu- 
copia. ADVANCE NEW ZEALAND. 

Neir Plymouth. 

321. 0: JOHN GILMOUR NEW PLYMOUTH . 

NEW ZEALAND . 
R : A New Zealand landscape. 



378 NEW ZEALAND. 

Ttiranahi. 
322. : BROWN AND DUTHIE WHOLESALE & 
RETAIL IRONMONGERS BROUGHAM 
STREET. 
B : View of Mount Egmont, TARANAKI 1866. 

Timaru. 

328. 0: CLARKSON AND TURNBULL . 1865 . 

GENERAL | IMPORTERS | DRAPERS 1 CLOTHIERS | &c. 

the latter in five lines within a beaded circle. 

R : View of harbour, a steamship and lighthouse. 

NEW ZEALAND above, timaru below. 

Wanganui. 



324 : JTo 311W33SILm'5r <fe C<D>o SHIPPING | SUPPLIED 
WANGANUI I NEW ZEALAND in centre, with- 
in a circle. CONFECTIONERS, BAKERS, & GROCERS • 
ESTABLISHED 1853 in outer circle. 
B : Female seated holding anchor, by her side 
a beehive and cornucopia, two wheatsheafs 
and a bale in the background, a ship on the 
sea in the distance. 



Wellington. 

325. : D. ANDERSON^S GENERAL STORES . 

WELLINGTON. 

B : Female standing, holding scales and cornucopia, 
a ship in the distance. 

326. : KIRCALDIE & STAINS GENERAL DRAPERS AND 

OUTFITTERS . WELLINGTON. 
B: Shield of Arms, Crest, and Motto (fortjssima 
VERITAS) KIRKCALDIE & STAINS . 
WELLINGTON . 

This is another small sized penny. 



NEW ZEALAND. 379 

327. : LIPMAN LEVY IMPORTER AND MANU- 

FACTURER OF BOOTS & SHOES . WEL- 
LINGTON . NEW ZEALAND. 

R : LEATHER | & GRINDERY | of all | DE- 
SCRIPTION I THE TRADE | SUPPLIED 
in six lines in the centre. ONE PENNY 

TOKEN . PAYABLE AT L. LEVY's LAMBTON 

QUAY . around the token. 

328. : As last. 

R : Draped and laureated bust of Wellington 
WELLINGTON & ERIN GO BRAGH. 

329. : As last. 

R : Britannia seated, holding olive branch and 
wand. AUSTRALIA. 

These two tokens are suspiciously like 
mules, and are always in fine condition. 

330. : JAMBS WALLACE GROCER &c. . WEL- 

LINGTON . 
R : Female sitting, holding scales and cornucopia, 
a ship in the distance 1859. 



Auchland. 
Salfpenny size. 

331. 0: H. ASHTON | IMPORTER | OF | HABER- 

DASHERY I & I TAILORS I TRIMMINGS 
QUEEN S^ AUCKLAND in eight lines. 
R : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia, 
a ship in the distance. NEW ZEALAND 
1858. 

332. Similar to last excepting date, which is 1859. 

333. 0: T. S. F0R8AITH . WHOLESALE & RETAIL 

DRAPER . MANCHESTER | HOUSE j, 
AUCKLAND . The latter within a circle. 
R: As No. 331. 



380 



NEW ZEALAND. 



334. 



R 



335. 
B 

336. 
B 

337. 



Christchiirch. 

HALF I PENNY between two lines in centre. 

HENRY J. HALL . CHRISTCHURCH 

COFFEE MILLS . 
H. J. HALL between two lines in centre. 

FAMILY GROCER . WINE & SPIRIT 

MERCHANT . 
As last. 

LIPMAN LEVY. See No. 327. 
As E : of 334. 
A golden fleece. See No. 260. 

These two are evidently mules. 
EDWARD REECE. Similar to No. 311, 

excepting in size and value. 



Wanganui. 



338. 

339. 
340. 
341. 

342. 

B 

343. 



C^o Similar to No. 324, 



excepting in size and value. 

Wellington. 

D. ANDERSON. Similar to No. 325, excepting 
in size and value. 

KIRKCALDIE & STAINS. Similar to No. 
326, excepting in size and value. 

LIPMAN LEVY. Similar to No. 327, except- 
ing that HALFPENNY is substituted for 
ONE PENNY on reverse. 
A saddle and stirrup in centre. J. W. MEARS 
SADLER . LAMBTON QUAY WELLING- 
TON . 

ONE HALFPENNY TOKEN . PAYABLE 
AT J. W. MEARS COLLAR AND HAR- 
NESS MAKER . NEW ZEALAND. 

JAMES WALLACE. Similar to No. 330 
except in size and value. 



new zealand. 381 

Miscellaneous. 
Fenny size. 

344. : ONE PENNY in two lines within an inner 

circle. ADVANCE AUSTRALIA <%> ^ <%> 
R : Kangaroo and emu. Maker's name and 
address under, w. J. taylor london. 

345. : Australian Arms. PEACE & PliENTY 1859. 
R : Female seated, holding scales and cornucopia, 

ship in distance, 1859 beneath. 

These are most likely mules, as each of 
the sides have been used for other tokens. 

346. 0: THE AUSTRALIAN | TOKENS | MANUFACTURED BY 

I ■STo ^<D>3FS <& C'-S>o I (COIN & PRESS MAKERS | 
ST. PAUL'S SQR. | BIRMINGHAM,) | ARE VERY 
PROFITaTle I TO EXPORT in nine linos. 
R : Britannia seated, holding olive branch and 
trident, ship in distance. BRITANNIA. 

This token, in more senses than one, 
" speaks for itself." 

347. : Head of Professor Holloway, j. moore incused 

on the neck. PROFESSOR HOLLOWAY 
LONDON. 
R : Hygeia seated. HOLLOWAY'S PILLS AND 
OINTMENT 1857. 

348. Similar to last, excepting date, which is 1858. 

Halfpenny size. 

349. Similar to No. 347, except in size and value. 

350. Similar to No. 348, except in size and value. 

These four pieces were used in the Austra- 
lian Colonies as small change. There is a 
specimen of No. 347 in the Author's cabinet 
countcrmarked as follows — THOMAS agent 
GEELONG. 

351. 0: Head of Queen filleted, VICTORIA 5?? 

OCTOBER 1857. 
R : View of Church, 1851 beneath. 



INDEX 



^^* The legends upon the various pieces will be found in 
the index printed in Italics. 



A. 



Abrahams, L. Token of Hobart Town . 
Ackey Trade, see Gold Coast . 
Adamson and Co. Token of Melbourne 
Adelaide copper tokens .... 

gold token .... 

Adel (= Justice), see Bombay 
Advance Auckland, see New Zealand 
Advance Australia, see Australia 
Advance JVew Zealand, see New Zealand 

Africa . 

Agriculture and Commerce, see Canada . 
Alderney, Token of .... 

Allen, "W. Token of Jambcroo 
Alliance Tea Company token of New Zealand 

Alwar Rupee 

America ....... 

America, Central 

American, Early ..... 
Andaman Island, Eupee token 
Anderson, D. Token of Wellington 
Andrew, J. Token of Melbourne . 
Andreasberg mine, silver of . 
Anglo-Hanoverian ..... 
Anna (a money of account), sec India 
Anna, Half, Quarter, etc. see Bengal 

■ Bombay 

Annand Smith and Co. Token of Melbourne 
Antigua ........ 

Arcot Eupee, sec Madras 



PAGE. 

368 
239 
358 
362 
334 

141 ei seq. 
372 

339 et seq. 

370 

237 

295 

7 

339 

370 

190 

249 

325 

250 

161 

378, 380 

348, 358 

23 

23 

131 

157 

146 

353 

313 

166 



384 



INDEX. 



Argyle St, Hobart Town 
Asli, S. Token of Isle of Man 
Asliton, H. Token of Auckland 

Asia 

Athole, Duke of, see Isle of Man 

Auckland .... 

Auckland Licensed Victuallers' Association token 

Auspicio Regis et Senatus Angliae, see Bombay 

Australasia 

Azeezudeen Mubammed Aukimgeer, see Madras 



B. 

Bahama 

Ballarat 

Baltimore ..... 

Bandarmassin ..... 
Bank of Montreal, see Canada . 
Banque du Peuple, see Canada . 

Barbadoes 

Barley, C. Token of Auckland 
Barrowclougli. Token of Eicbmoud 
Barry, J. A. Token of Halifax 
Bateman, W. Token of Warrnambool 

Batliurst 

Battle and Wcigbt. Token of Sydney 
Beaven, S. Token of Invercargil . 
Bell and Gardiner. Token of Eockhampton 
Benares Mint, see Bengal 

Bendigo 

Bengal 

Bermuda 

Bishop de Jersey and Co. Token of Jersey 
Black, W. A. and S. Token of Halifax 
Bomhaiensis Moneta, see Bombay 
Bombay ...... 

Bon pour deux Sous, see Canada 
Bon pour Jiuit Sols, see Canada 
Booth, I. Token of Melbourne 

Borneo 

BrickhiU, J. Token of CampbeU Town 



INDEX. 



385 



Brisbane .... 
Brisbane St. Laimceston 
British Colonies, see Jamaica 
British Columbia 

Guiana . 

Honduras 

North Borneo 

British Settlements in Kentucky, see Canada 
Brock, Sir I. The hero of Upper Canada, see 
Broke. Halifax token .... 
Brooke, C. Eajah of Sarawak 

Brooke, J. ...... 

Brookes. Token of Brisbane . 
Brown and Dutliie. Token of Taranaki . 
Brown, J. Token of Nova Scotia . 
Brown, T. S. Token of Quebec . 
Brunswick-Luneburg, see Anglo-Hanoverian 
Brunswick-Wolf enbuttel 
Burra-Burra, see Adelaide 
Butterworth, T. Token of Castlemaine 
Buxton, J. W. Token of Brisbane 



Canada 



C. 



Calder, E. Token of Castlemaine . 
Campbell, J. Token of Morpeth 
Campbell Town .... 
Canada ...... 

Dominion of . . . 

Caro, J. Token of Christchurch 
Cape of Good Hope 

Carolina 

Carritt and Alport. Token of Halifax 
Cash, see Hong Kong 

Madras .... 

Castlemaine ..... 
Catton, E. Token of Gibraltar 
Central America .... 
Cents, see Borneo .... 



25 



38(5 



INDEX. 



Cents, see British Honduras 

■ Canada 

Ceylon 

Hong Kong 

■ Mauritius 

New Brunswick 

Newfoundland 

Nova Scotia 

Prince Edward's Island 

Prince of Wales' Island 

Sarawak . 

• Sierra Leone 

• Straits Settlements . 



• Third of, see India . 

Ceylon ..... 

Channel Islands 

Christchurch .... 

Citi/ Ba7iJc, see Canada 

Clark, A. Token of Auckland 

Clarkson and Turnbull. Token of Timaru 

Clarkson, S. Token of Christchurcli 

Clausthall Mint, masters of 

Cloughjordan 

Coffee PicTcers' Chit, see Ceylon 
Collins and Co. Token of Bathurst 
Coloniar : Britan ; Monet : see Mauritius 

see West Indies 

Columbia, British ..... 
Commercial Change, see Canada 
Concordia Salus, see Canada . 
Connecticut, see Granby Tokens 
Conventions Munze, see Anglo-Hanoverian 
Cook, W. C. Token of Sandridge . 
Coombes, S. Token of Auckland . 
Copang, see Kapang .... 

Cope, T. H. Token of South Yarra 
Copper Company of Upper Canada, see Canada 
Crescite et MuUiplicamini, see Early American 
Crocker and Hamilton. Token of Adelaide . 
Crombie and Co. Token of Melbourne . 
Cyprus ........ 



PAGE. 

325 

289 
199 
223 
235 
279 
269 
276 
281 
206 
228 
241 
211 
191 
192 
3 

374, 380 
299 
371 
378 
374 
24 
373 
199 
339 
232 
321 
284 
293 
299 
263 
100 
357 
371 

201, 230 
357 
290 
257 

362, 364 
358 
21 



INDEX. 

D. 

D, sec West Indies 

Dacca Mint, see Bengal .... 

D'Ade & Co., Token of Trinidad . 

Dai 2}acem et auget opes, see Early American 

Uavoy, J. Token of Sale 

Davidson, A. Token of Melbourne 

Davies, Alexander and Co. Token of Goulbur 

Davies, A. Token of Frcemantle . 

Day and Mieville. Token of Dunedin . 

D'Ade and Co. Token of Trinidad 

Dease, E. F. Token of Launceston 

De Carle and Co. Token of Dunedin 

Melbourne 

Deeble, S. Token of Melbourne . 
Deloraine ...... 

Demerara ...... 

Denarium Terrce Marice, see Early American 
Derby, Earl of, see Isle of Man 
Deux Sous, see Canada . . . ■ 
Devines and Bolton. Token of Montreal 
Doit, see Java ..... 

Dollar, see Britisb Columbia . 

— Hong Kong .... 

Newfoundland 

Sierra Leone 

countermarked, see Australia 

British Guiana 

Gibraltar 



cut, see West Indies 
fractions of, see Mauritius 

~ West Indies 

Uix, see Ceylon 



Dominica 

Dominion of Canada .... 
Doubles, s^c Guernsey .... 
Douglas Bank. Isle of Man . 
Du has Canada, Province of^ see Canada . 
Dub, and half do. : see Madras 
Ducat, see Anglo-Hanoverian . 
Dundas, Toronto 



387 



P.\GE. 

323 
151 
320 
263 
356 
348 
339 
364 
376 
320 
308, 3G9 
376 
348 
349 
364 
326 
257 
8 
299 
301 
215 
284 
217 
266 
240 
337 
327 
16 

318, et seq. 
232 
321 
193 
323 
272 
3 

12 

299 

178 

26, et scg. 

294 



388 



INDEX. 



Duddell. Token of Gibraltar 

Dudu, see Madras ..... 

Dunedin ....... 

Durban Club token, see Natal 

Duseman, T. Butcher Belleville, see Canada 



PAGE. 

15 
172 
376 
246 
295 



E 

E & D, see British. Guiana 

Eagle Hawk ... 

Early American Coins 

East Friesland 

Ecce Grex, see Early American 

Eighteenpence Token, see Jersey 

Essequibo .... 

Evans and Foster. Token of Melbourne 

Evening Globe, good for one copy, see Canada 

Ex aura Hereinice, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Expulsis piratis restituia commercia, see West Indies 



327 
347 
250 
122 
259 
7 
326 
349 
303 
33 
313 



F. 

Faluce or Faloos, see Madras 173 

Famine Rupee Token, see Bengal ...... 162 

Fanam, see Madras ........ 163, et seq. 

Fanam Token, see Ceylon ....... 193 

Farthing, Third of, see Malta 17 

Half, see Ceylon 198 

Eein Silher, see Anglo-Hanoverian ..... 39, et seq. 

Fenwick Bros. Token of Melbourne 349 

Wertilitatem Divatasque Circumferemus , see Canada . . 290 

Fifteenpence, see Australia ....... 337 

Five Shillings, see Australia 337 

Channel Islands 6 

Isle of Man 12 

Fisher. Token of Gardiner's Creek, South Yarra . . . 360 

Fisheries and Agriculture, see Prince Edward's Island . . 281 

Flavelle and Co. Token of Sydney 340 

Fleming, J. G. Token of Hobart Town .... 365 

Floreat Bex, see Early American 259 



INDEX. 



389 



For Public Accommodation, see New Brunswick 

• Isle of Man 

Forsaith, T. S. Token of Auckland 

Fourpenco Token, see Canada . 

Fort Marlbro, Sumatra .... 

Freedom, without Slavery, see Barbadoes 
Freemantle ... ... 

Free Trade to Africa, see Gold Coast 
Friedman, I. Token of Hobart Town . 

Friesland, East 

Fromes, W. Token of Castlemaine 

Fioif i^^Jlve) Thalers, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Furruckabad Mint, see Bengal 



PAGE. 

279 
13 

371, 379 
302 
200 
314 
364 
238 
365 
122 
846 
35 
154 



G. 

G., see West Indies 

Gagnon, H. Token of Quebec 

Gardiner's Creek Eoad, South Yarra 

Geelong 

Genuine British Copper, see Canada 
Gilmour, J. Token of New Plymouth 
Gipp's Land Hardware Co. Token 

Gibraltar 

Gittos, B. Token of Auckland 

God Preserve Carolina, Sfc, see Early America 

God Preserve Netu England, see Early America 

Gold Coast 

Goulburn 

Gourlay, T. Token of Christchurch 
Gouv : de Maurice et Dep : see Mauritius 
G.E., see Anglo-Hanoverian 

. Bombay 

■ Gibraltar . 

• ■ West Indies 

Graham's Town 

Grain Token, see Bengal 

Granby Tokens, sec Early American 

Grattan, 11. Token of Auckland 

Grieve, E. Token of Eagle Hawk 

Gri'jua Town .... 



291 

357, 360 

347 

306 

377 

355, 356 

14 

372 

260 

260 

238 

339 

374 

234 

30, et seq. 

141 

16 

320 

377 

162 

263 

372 

347 

245 

26 



390 



INDEX. 



Grosclien, see Anglo-Hanoverian 
Grundy, J. E,. Token of Ballarat 
Guadaloupe .... 
Guernsey .... 

Guilder, see Britisli Guiana 
Gulden, see Anglo-Hanoverian 



PAGE. 

46, et seq. 

344 

323 

3 

328 

26, et seq. 



H, 

Half-Anna, see India 

Crown Token of Isle of Man 

Dollar, see Mauritius {?) 

■ ■ see Sumatra . 

ggg West Indies . 

Dub, see Madras 

Farthing, see Ceylon 

Guilder, see Britisli Guiana 

Gulden, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Ounce of Gold, see Australia 

Thaler, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Half Penny Token, Upper Canada 
Hall, H. J. Token of Christchurch 
Halifax, Kova Scotia 
Hanks and Co. Token of Sydney 
Hanover, see Anglo-Hanoverian 
Harbour Grace, Newfoundland 
Hare, Alexander (Doits of), see Java 
Harrold Bros. Token of Adelaide 
Hedburg, O. H. Token of Hobart Town 
Henderson, J. Token of Freemantle 
Henry, E. Token of Hobart Town 
Henry, S. Token of Deloraine 
Hide and De Carle. Token of Melbourne 

Higley Tokens 

Hindustan, see India .... 

Hobart Town 

Hobday and Jobberns. Token of Christcburch 
Hodgson, A. G. Token of Melbourne 
Hodgson Bros. Token of Bendigo . 
Hogarth and Erichson. Silver Tokens of Sydney 
Hog Money, see Bermuda .... 



374, 



146, et seq. 

12 

232 

200 

321 

178 

198 

328 

29 

335 

30, et seq. 

293 

375, 380 
273 

340, 348 

23 

270 

216 

362 

365, 368 
364 
365 
364 

350, 358 
263 
130 

365, 368 
375 

350, 358 
346 
338 
315 



INDEX. 



391 



Holland and Butler. Token of Auckland 
Holloway, Professor. Token of Australia 

Honduras, British 

Hong Eong ...... 

Hon. Soe. Ang.-Ind. On., see Bombay 

Hosie, J. Token of Melbourne 

Hosterman and Etter. Token of Nova Scotia 

Howard, M. Token of Jamaica 

Hun or Soon, see India .... 

Hurley, J. Token of Wanganni 
Hutton, G. Token of Hobart Town 
Hyde, E. Token of Melbourne 



PAGE. 

372 

381 
325 
217 
137 
350 
274 
317 
130 

378, 380 
365 

351, 359 



I. 



I cut my way throtigh, see Early American 

Indian Empire 

Indus uterque serviat uni, see Jamaica 

Industria et fides omnia vincent, seeBallarat 

Invercargill .... 

In vino Veritas, see Melbourne 

Ionian Islands 

loiHKov Kparos, see Ionian Islands 

Ipswich 

Iredale and Co. Token of Sydney 
Irwin, J. W. Token of Cape Town 
I serve, see Bermudas 
Isle of Man 



264 

130 

316 

344 

377 

350 et seq. 

19 

19 

361, 362 

341 

244 

314 

8 



Jamaica 

Jamberoo 

Jamieson, W. Token of Wamambool 
Jaryey, TV. A. Token of Hobart Town 

Java 

Jersey 

Jones and ■\Tilliamson. Token of Dunedin 
Jones, D. Token of Ballarat 



316 
339 
357 
3(;6 
213 
4 
376 
344 



26 



392 



INDEX. 



Jones, T. H. 
Josephs, E. 



Token of Ipswich. 
Token of IS'ew Town 



PAGE. 

361 
368, 370 



K. 

Eapang or Copang, see Labuan 

■■ Sumatra 

Kas, see Cash 

Keeling, E,. Token of Gibraltar 
Kingston, Canada ..... 

Jamaica 

Kircaldie and Stains. Token of Wellington 



230 

201 

174, 225 

15 

294 

317 

378, 380 



Land Muntz, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Labuan 

Lambton Quay, see Wellington, IS^.Z. 
La prudence et la ca7tdeur, see Canada 
Laird. Token of West Coast of Africa . 
Larcombe and Co. Token of Brisbane . 

Launceston 

Lawson. Token of Canada 
Lazarus, S. and S. Token of Melbourne 
Leeson, J. D. Token of Sale . 
Leigh, J. M. Token of Sydney- 
Leslie and Sons. Token of Toronto 
Levy Bros. Token of Melbourne . 
Levy, Lipman. Token of Wellington 
Lymburner. Token of Montreal 
Lipscombe, H. Token of Hobart Town 
Lloyd, W. Token of Woolongong . 
Love and Eoberts. Token of Wagga Wagga 
Lunday, T. Token of Jamaica 
Lundie, T. Token of Jamaica 
Luneburg, see Anglo-Hanoverian 



369, 



69, et seq. 
230 
379 
294 
239 
360 

368, 369 
302 
351 
356 
341 
294 
351 

379, 380 
291 
366 

343, 344 

343 

317 

317 

23 



M. 

Mace, Two, see Hong Kong 

McAuslane, P. Token of St. John's, Newfoundland 



227 
271 



INDEX. 



393 



McCaul, G. Token of Graliam's Town . 

McDermott, E. Token of Xew ISrunswick 

McFarlaue, J. Token of Melbourne 

Macgret^or, J. Token of Sydney 

Macintosh and Desgraves. Token of Tasmani 

Madras 

Magdalen Island 

Malacca . 

Malta 

Maldon, see Melbourne 

Marien Grosclien, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Mark Newby Coppers .... 

Marks, M. Token of Auckland 

Marsh and Bros. Token of Hobart Town 

Marsh and Son. Token of Cape of Good Hope 

Martin and Sach. Token of Adelaide 

Martin, John. Token of Adelaide . 

Maryland 

Mason and Culley. Token of Williamstown 
Mason and Struthers. Token . 

Massachusetts 

Mather, E. Token of Hobart Town 

Mauritius 

Mcars, J. W. Token of Wellington 
Melbourne. Copper Tokens of 
Melbourne Mint Sovereigns 
Merrington, J. Token of Nelson . 
Merry and Bush. Token of Queensland 
Merry, T. Token of Toowomba 
Metcalfe and Lloyd. Token of Sydney . 
Mil, see Hong Kong .... 

Wilier and Dismoor, Token of Melbourne 
Miller Brothers. Token of Melbourne . 
Milner and Thompson. Token of Christchurch 
Miscellaneous. Australian 

Canadian 

Indian . 

Mohur, see Indian . 
]\[oir, J. Token of Hobart Town 
Molson, T. and W. Token of Montreal . 
Moil : Bomhay Anglic Regims, see Bombay 



PAGE. 

377 
279 
351 

311, 313 
337 
163 
283 
208 
17 
355 
48, et seq. 
259 
372 

36n, 369 
244 
363 
363 
257 
357 
374 
250 
366 
232 
380 
357 
336 
377 
360 
362 

341, 343 
226 
351 
351 
375 
381 
302 
190 
et seq. 
366 
294 
137 



347 



130, 



394 



INDEX. 



Monefa Bomhaiensis, see Bombay 
MontpeUer Retreat Inn, see Hobart Town 
Montreal and La Chine Eailway CKecks 
Montreal and Repentiguy toll checks 
Montreal, Bank of . 
Montreal Eopery .... 
Moorshedabad Mint, see Bengal 
Morgan, W. Token of Adelaide 

Morpeth 

Morrin and Co. Token of Auckland 
Moubray, Lush and Co. Token of Melbourne 
Mulligan, D. T. Token of Eockhampton 
Mullins, F. Token of Montreal . 
Murray and Christie. Token of Castlemaine . 
Murray, J. Token of the Isle of Man 



PAGE. 

137 
367, 369 
302 
303 
299 
292 
151 
363 
340, 343 
372 
352 
362 
292 
346 
13 



isr. 



Nach dem Leipziger fus, see Anglo-Hanoverian 
Nach dem Heiches fas, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Natal 

Nee aspera terrent, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Neel, E. Token of Jersey 

Nelson .... 

Nemo me impune lacessit, see Nova Scotia 

New Brunswick 

New England . 

Halfpenny 

Newfoundland . 
New Plymouth 
New South Wales. Copper Tokens 

Fifteenpence 

■ Five Shillings . 

New Town 

New York. Token .... 
New Zealand ..... 
Nicholas, A. Token of Hobart Town 
Nichols, G. Token of Melbourne . 
Nokes, J. Token of Melbourne 
No Labour, no Breads see Canada . 



69, et seq. 

70, etseq. 

246 
28, et seq. 
7 
377 
273 
278 
250 
260 
266 
377 
339 
337 
337 

368, 370 
258 
370 

367, 369 
352 
359 
308 



INDEX. 



395 



North American ToTcen, see Canada . 
North West Company, sec Canada . 
Nova Scotia and New Bnnisioick Success 
'Nova, Scotia 



PAGE. 

290 
293 
272 
272 



O. 

Oak Tree Coins, see Early American 
Obolus, see Ionian Is. 
Ounce of Gold, see Australia . 
Owen, E. W. Token of Montreal . 



251 

19 

335 

292 



Pagoda, see Madras . 

Paisa, see Pice 

Palmer, B. Token of Sydney 

Parker, R. Token of Geelong 

Parva sub ingenti, see Prince Edward's Island 

Patna Mint, see Bengal . 

Patna Post, see Bengal . 

Patrick, St., halfpence 

Pax Deo, see Bombay 

Peace and Plenty, see Melbourne . 

Peck, H. Token of Melbourne 

Penang 

Perkins and Co. Token of Dunedin 

Petersen, W. Token of Christcburck 

Pcttigrew, J. and Co. Token of Ipswich 

Petty, G. Token of Melbourne 

Pfcnninge, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Piastre, see Cyprus . 

Pice, see Bombay 

Pie, see Bombay 

Piece of Eight, see India . 

Pilo Fernando. Token of Colombo 

Pine tree Coins, see Early American 

Pistole, see Anglo-Hanoverian . 

Pitt Penny, see Early American 

Plantation, Tin piece for . 



163 
140 
341 
317 
282 
151 
15G 
259 
137 

317,357 
352 
205 
377 
375 

3(1 1, 362 

352 

48, et seq. 

21 

110 

147 

179 

199 

251 

33 

264 

257 



396 



INDEX. 



Pope, T. and Co. Token for Australia 

Port Albert 

Portcullis Coins, see India 

Port of Spain, Trinidad . 

Port Pkilip, Gold Tokens of . 

Pour 50 (25) Sous, see Mauritius 

Pratt, W. Token of Christcliurcli 

Prince Edward's Island . 

Prince of Wales* Island . 

Province du Canada, see Canada 

Province dii has Canada, see Canada 

Pulu Penang .... 

Pure copper preferable to paper, see Canada 

' ■ see British Guiana 

Purvis, E. Token of Nova Scotia 
Pysa, see Pice .... 



Q. 



Quart, o, os, see Gibraltar 

Qpxehec Banh ...... 

Quebec Tokens 

Queensland 

Quocunque Gesseris Stahit, see Isle of Man 
Quocunque Jeceris Stahit, see Isle of Man 



B. 

Eapsey, H. E. Token of Trinidad . 
Itecu au : Bur : du Tres : see Mauritius 
Becu au Tresor, see Mauritius . 
Reece, E. Token of Cbristcliurch . 
Benunillus Viscape, see Canada 
Eepentiguy and Montreal toll checks 
Besponsihle Government and Free Trade 
B. H., see Canada .... 

Richmond 

Ridler, E. B. Token of Richmond 
Eie Dollar, see Ceylon 
Eobison Bros. Token of Melbourne 
Roche, G. Token of Melbourne 



see Newfoundland 
304, 



INDEX. 



397 



Eockhampton 

Bosa Americana, see Early American 
Roy, J. Token of Montreal . 
Running-horse of Hanover 
Rupee, see India generally 

• Penang 

Double, see Madras 

Token, see Bengal 

Rutherford Bros. Token o£ Newfoundland 
Ryal or Real, see India .... 

■ see Early American . 

Ryland, G. Token of Castlemaine . 



PAGE. 

361, 3G2 
206 
295 
27, et seq. 
130, et scq. 
214 
205 
171 
161 
270 
179 
258 
347 



S. 



St. Andrew, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

St. Helena 

St. John's, New Brunswick 

Newfoundland 

St. Kitts. West Indies 

St. Lucia. West Indies 

St. Nevis. West Indies 

St. Patrick Coppers 

St. Roch, Quebec 

St. Sebastian Mills, Ceylon 

St. Vincent, West Indies 

Sale .... 

Sandhurst 

Sandridge 

Sans Changer, see Isle of Man 

Sarawak 

Sawyer, J. Token of Brisbane 

Scheide Muntz, see Anglo-Hanoverian 

Scotch Pie Shop Tokens of Melbourne 

S. D. T. Token of St. Helena 

Self Government and Free Trade, sec Prince 

Shah Allium or Alem, see India 

Shanghai, see Hong Kong 



Edward's 



23 

242 
279 
270 
318 
318 
318 
259 
291 
199 
319 
356 
356 
357 
8 
228 
360 
108, et seq. 
350, 359 
243 

[sland 282 
132 
227 



398 



INDEX. 



Sliarpley, E. Token of Montreal 
Shaw, J. Token of Quebec 
Sliillings, Five, see Australia . 

. • Isle of Man 

> Jersey 

■ Fractions of, see Jersey 

One, see Australia . 

■ Isle of Man . 



Three, see Jersey 



SkijJs, Colonies, Commerce, see Canada 

Sicca Hupee, see Bengal .... 

Sic vos nan vobis vellera fertis oves, see Launceston 

Sierra Leone 

Smith, A. and Co. Token of Melbourne 

Smith, E. Token of Hong Kong . 

Smithfield Co. Token of Melbourne 

Smith, Peate and Co. Token of Sydney . 

Smith, S. H. Token of Auckland . 

Smith, W. Token of Jamaica 

Solomon Dickson and Turner. Token of St. Helena 

Somerville, M. Token of Auckland 

Somers Islands, see Bermudas . 

Sookoo, Two, see Sumatra 

Sous, Deux, see Canada .... 

Sous, Two, see West Indies 

Sou, Tin, see Canada . • . . 

South Australia, copper tokens of . 

Southward and Sumpton. Token of Ballarat 

South Yarra 

Spanish Dollars, see Australia. 

British Guiana 

Gibraltar . 

Madras . 

West Indies . 

Speed the Plough, see Prince Edward's Island 

Spero Imliola, see Gold Coast . 

Spittle, J. Token of Gibraltar 

Stampee, Half, see Trinidad 

Stanley crest, see Isle of Man . 

Starr and Shannon. Token of Halifax . 

Stead Bros. Token of Sandhurst 



PAGE. 

292 

292 

337 

12 

6 

4 

337 

12 

6 
308 
152 
368, 369 
240 
353 
220 
352 
342, 343 
373 
317 
243 
373 
315 
200 
299 
319 
294 
362 
345 
357, 360 
337 
327 

16 

171 

318, e^ seq. 

281 

239 

15 
319 

274 
356 



INDEX. 



399 



Stewart and Hcmmant. Token of Brisbane 
Stiver, see British Guiana 

Ceylon 

Java .... 

Stokes, T. Tokens of Melbourne 

Straits Settlements . 

Stiiber, see East Friesland 

Success to Navigation and Trade, see Canada . 

Success to the Fisheries, see Prince Edward's Island 

■ see Magdalen Island . 

Sicccess to the Commerce of Upper and Lower Canada 
Sultana, Island of, see Labuan . 
Surabaga, see Java . 
Surat Eupee, see Bombay 

Sumatra 

Summer Islands, see Bermudas 
Sydney Copper Tokens . 
Sydney Gold Coins . 
Sydney Silver Tokens 



PAGE. 

361 
330 
197 
214 

353, 359 
209 
122 
306 
281 
283 
292 
230 
213 
135 
200 
. 315 

310, 343 
335 
338 



T. 



T. see West Indies .... 
Tael, see Hong Kong 
Takoe, see Gold Coast 

Taranaki 

Tasmania Copper Tokens 

Tasmania Silver Token . 

Taylor, A. Token of Adelaide . 

Taylor, J. Token of Ballarat . 

Taylor, W. J. Tokens for Australia • . . . 357, 

Tea Stores Token of Sydney 312, 

Tellicbery, see India .... 

Thaler, see Anglo-Hanoverian 36, e< 

Thanks to the Frietuis of Libert i/ and Trade, see Early America 
The Restorer of Trade and Commerce^ see Early America 

Third of a Cent, see India 

Farthing, see Malta ..... 

Thomas and Co. Token of Melbourne 



324 
227 
239 
378 
364 
337 
363 
345 
381 
344 
191 
seq. 
265 
265 
191 
17 
359 



400 



INDEX. 



Thompson, E. Token of New Zealand 
Thomtliwaite, J. C. Token of Sydney 

■ Silver ditto . 

Thrale and Cross, Token of Melbourne 
Threehalfpenny-pieces, see Ceylon . 

■ West Indies 

Threepenny-pieces, see West Indies 
Threepenny Tokens, see Australia . 
Three Shilluig Token, see Jersey 

Timaru 

Tobago 

To Facilitate Trade, see Canada 

— — Jamaica 

— Jersey 

Tolanto, M. Token of Barbadoes . 

Toogood, A. Token of Sydney 

Toowoomba 

Toronto . 

Tortola 

Trade and Agriculture, see Canada 

Trade and Navigation, see British Guiana 

— ■ — Canada 

Trinidad 

Two Quartos, see Gibraltar 



PAGE. 

370 
342, 344 
338 
359 
194 
322 
322 
338 
6 
378 
319 
293 
318 
7 
314 
342 
362 
294 
319 
294 
331 
304 
319 
14 



U. 



Union Bakery, token of Christchurch 
United Colonies of Demerary and Esseauiho 
United Service Hotel. Token of Auckland 
Un Sou, see Canada ..... 
Utile Dulci, see Early American 



Val. 24. Part. Real. Hisjmn., see Early American 
Vale dos quartos, see Gibraltar 



258 
15 



INDEX. 



401 



Value me as you please, see Early American . 

Yau Dieman's Land or Tasmania .... 

V. E. I. C. (United East India Company), see India 

Vexator Canadieusis, see Canada 

Victoria, Copper tokens of 

Victoria nobis est, see Canada . 

Victoria, see Hong Kong . 

Virginia Halfpenny . 

Von feinem Silher, see Anglo-Hanoverian 



PAGE. 

264 
364 
140 
291 
344 
307 
217 
265 
46 



W. 



Wagga Wagga 

Wallace, J. Token of Wellington 
Wallace, Nova Scotia .... 

Wanganui 

Warburton, T. Token of Melbourne 
Warnoek Bros. Token of Melbourne 
Warrnambool ...... 

Waterhouse, R. S. Token of Hobart Town 
Waters, E. Token of Auckland 
Watson, W. E. Token of Ballarat . 
W. B. and Co., see Ceylon 
Weight and Jolinson. Token of Sydney . 

Wellington 

Wellington and Erin go Bragh, see Australia 

• see Canada 

a7id Victory, see Canada. 

Field Marshal, see Canada 

Marquis, see Canada 

The Illustrious, see Canada 

and Waterloo, see Canada 

Wcstbury 

West Coast of Africa, see Gold Coast 
Western Australia .... 

West Indies 

Wliite, T. Token of Westbury 
White, W. L. Token of Nova Scotia . 
Whitty and Brown. Token of Sydney . 
Whyte and Co. Token of Cape of Good Hope 



343 
379, 380 
273 
378, 380 
355 
355 
357 

367, 369 
373 
345 
199 

342, 344 
378, 380 
379 
305 
305 
305, 309 
309 
309 
309 

368, 370 
238 
364 
312 

368, 370 

273, 274 

342 

241 



402 



INDEX. 



Wildman of Brnnswick-Luneberg . 
Williams, J. Token of Eagle Hawk 

Williamstown 

Wilson, A. S. Token of Dunedin . 

Woolongong 

Wood, W. D. Token of Hobart Town 
W. E., see West Indies . 



PAGE. 

23 

347 
357 
377 
343, 344 
3G7, 369 
320 



Z. 

Zehn {=ten) Tlialer, see Anglo-Hanoverian 
Zellerfeld, Mint Masters of . . . 



35 
24 



'i 



a, NORMAN AND SON, PRINTERS, HART STREET, COVENT GARDEN. LONDON. 



NUMISMATIC WOEKS 

on sale hy 
BERNARD QUARITCH, 15 Piccadilly, LONDON. 



HAWKINS' SILVER COINS OF ENGLAND, jhird editioj;, 
revised and eularged by R. Ll. Kenyon, Esq., thick 8vo., 
508 f]). and 55 plates containing figures of about 520 
Coins, by F. W. FairhoU and F. J. Lees, Boxburghe, gilt 
top, £1. 16* 1887 

" A third edition having been called for, the text has been 
carefully revised, and the coins found and published during the 
last ten years have been described in their proper places. Several 
additions have been made to the hsts of the mints before the 
Conquest, and some additions and alterations have been made 
throughout the work. But the most important alteration has been 
in the reign of Edward III, where it is sho\\ni that all of the coins 
hitherto attributed to him were struck subsequently to 1351, and 
that those struck before, during, and after the Treaty of Bretigny, 
may be distinguished by the titles inscribed on them ; in accord- 
ance with the arrangement adopted by the editor in his book on 
English Gold Coins. This will clear the way for a more satis- 
factory arrangement than has hitherto been possible of the coins 
which have been attributed to Edward I and II, but some of which 
must now be given to the first half of Edward Ill's reign ; but 
such a redistribution can only be made after careful examination 
of a very large number of these coins, and for such examination the 
editor has lately had neither time nor opportunity." — Preface to the 
Third Edition. 



The Companion to HawJcins' Silver Coins of England: 

KENYON'S HISTORY OF THE GOLD COINAGE OF ENGLAND, 
by R. Ll. KEXYON, Editor of the third edition of 
Hawlcins' Silver Coins of England, 1 vol. demy 8vo., 
(uniform %vith the worJc of Haickins), 24 plates, engraved 
hy F. J. Lees, Member of the Numismatic Society, 
Boxburghe, gilt top, 24s 1883 

This work contains a complete account of the English current 
gold coins, from the earliest Saxon times to the present reign, with 
200 illustrations, and includes a description of gold coins attributed 
to the tirst half of the seventh century. It is hoped that the light 
which an examination of the gold coins throws upon the proper 
appropriation of tlie silver, as for instance in the reigns of Henry V 
and VI and of Edward V, together with the iuforuuitiou about the 
history of the coinage which this volume contains, may make it 
acceptable to collectors, even though their cabinets may not contain 
a great number of gold coins. 



MONTAGU'S COPPER COINAGE OF ENGLAND : The Copper, 
Tin and Bronze Coinage and Patterns for Coins of 
England, from the Reign of Elizabeth, to that of Her 
present Majesty, royal 8vo. numerous woodcuts of Groats, 
Tennies, Ealf'-pennies and Farthings, Eoxhurghe, gilt top, 
10s 6d 1^85 

The standard work on the Copper Coinage of this Country. 

AKERMAN'S COINS OF THE ROMANS relating to Britain, 
described and illustrated, second edition, greatly enlarged, 
8vo. 7 plates and many woodcuts, cloth, 10s 6d 1844 

The object of this httlc work is to bring under one view the 
coins of the Eonians which relate to the province of Britain. It is 
hoped that it will not only find favour with the antiquary and the 
numismatist, but will also interest all who are curious in the early 
history of our island ; some of the principal events in which, during 
a long period of the Eoman occupation, are recorded on the corns 
of the conquerors. 



*/ BEENAED QUAEITCH is the Agent of the 

NUMISMATIC SOCIETY OF LONDON, 

and supplies recent and back numbers of their 
CHROITICLE. 



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