(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Collations, titles, colophons and descriptions of some editions ofthe Sarum Breviary"





CO 
CM 
C\J 
CD 

** 

C\J 
O 

CO 
CO 





.C4 




FROMTHE- LIBRARYOF 
TR1NITYCOLLEGETORONTO 



St 




Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2006 with funding from 

Microsoft Corporation 






http://www.archive.org/details/collationstitlesOOchuruoft 






T. S/^rc-' 1 






Trinity University 

LIBRARY, 



COLLATIONS, TITLES, COLOPHONS AND 
DESCRIPTIONS 

OF SOME 

EDITIONS OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. 

P. H. 1492. on vellum, 12mo. (Bodl. B. 67). 
(i) Calendar with table and two rotae for 1492 and following years. 
Tabula psalterii. Alphabetical list of psalms noting the folios on 
which they are to be found. At the foot follows the indication of special 
offices (without folio references). 

' Festum presentation is b. mariae virginis. 
Festum niuis beate virgims. 
Festum sancti osmundi. 
Festum saluatoris. 
Festum dulcissimi nommis iesu. 
Festum sancti cedde.' 
(ii) Signature a. 
Benedictiones one leaf. 

Dominica i. sAvlbtUuls. [ 4E I n nomine sanctae et indivi | duae trinitatis. 
Amen. Incipit or | do breuiarii secimdum morem et consue | tudinem 
ecclesiae Samm anglicanae : in | parte hyemali Dominica prima... 
Signatures a to x in eights, y is six. 
Two leaves of S. Thomas removed. 

(P. H. continued, Bodl. 68.) 
(iii) Psalter. ' Die Dominica. Primo dierum . . . ' 
Signatures A to I in eights, K is four, then Nv in six, ending with 
. the litany. The foliation is not continued beyond fo. lxiv. 

(iv) Commune Sanctorum. In natali unius matron ae non secundum 
Sarum. A list of feasts without exposition, Versus de fine orationum 
siue collectarum. The prayers de SS. Wolfado, Radegunde, Modwenna 
and Edith; Servitium B. Mariae (summer and winter). In Dedicatione 
Ecclesiae. A new leaf begins Commemoratio S. Thomae. Translatio 
S. Ceddae. In Commemoratione S. Ceddae. Commune paschalis temporis. 
Signatures Z, M, in eights j N is four, Kv is six, 0, P eights, I four. 
s. b. A 



11 COLLATIONS, TITLES, COLOPHONS AND DESCRIPTIONS 

(v) Sanctorale. S. Andrew to Basilicles Cirinus and Nabor and 
Nazarius. In festo [yconiae] Saluat'oris. 

Signatures a toy* in eights, g is ten, h is four. 

(Colophon). Breuiarii ad vsum Sarawi | pars hyemalis castigat-ione 
peruigili diligenter emewda | ta, ac Bothomagi per Ma. | M. morin ira- 
pressorem iuxta | prioratum sancti Laudi in | eadem vrbe commorantem 
exarata qttarto nonas Junii | fin it feliciter. 

{verso) Martin Morin's mark (a Moor's or Saracen's head), round 
which runs the legend Imprime : a : rouen : devant : sanct : lo : 

The rubrics are underlined with red. There is no Pie. 

1496. folio. (University Library, Edinburgh). 

(From the description in the Preface to the exquisite reprint of 
Aberdeen Breviary produced for the Bannatyne Club in 1855. p. xviii.) 

Title. 

Breviarium ad vsum Sarum. 

(a large rude woodcut of St George and the dragon). 

(i) Signatures a to z in eights. 

Finis officiorum dominicalium. 

(ii) Signature d\ Benedictiones Matutinales, Rubricae generales, and 
the Calendar. 

(iii) ' Dominica prima ' with Psalter, Litany, Officium Mortuorum &c. 

Signatures A to / in eights, except G and / in sixes. 

Colophon. 

Diuini officii per totius anni circulum tarn de tempore quam de Sanctis, 
ne dicam breuiarium: sed vt verius et ita loquar, ordinarium sarum: 
iamiam necnon & nuper cura solerti ac peruigili eruditissimorum virorum 
celo limaque correctionis multa lucubratione castigatum ac iterum emen- 
datum. 

Ad laud em honorem magnificentiam et gloriam ipsius veri dei summi 
optimi maximi totiusque caelestis exercitus : ac insuper commendationem 
celeberrimi cleri famosissimae ac inter occiduas nominatissimae ecclesiae 
sarum praelibatae : aere & inpensa honesti viri Johannis richardi mercatoris 
Industriaque experti in arte impressoria viri mag^stri Martin Morin inclitae 
ciuitatis Bothomagensis ciuis non immeriti terse, luculenter et accurate 
impressum Anno gratiae Millesimo quadringentesimo nonagesimo sexto, 
tercio Nonas Nouembris feliciter finit. 

J. Small, Esq., M.A., the Librarian of Edinburgh University, kindly 



10. 1. 7o 



OF SOME EDITIONS OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. iii 

informs us that this great Sarum breviary does not contain the Pie any 
more than the other early breviaries do so 1 . 

Mr Small adds that the lessons in this breviary, in an instance which we 
submitted for comparison, correspond with the long lessons of the other 
folios of 1516 and 1531. 

1499 (vellum) 8vo. (St John's Coll. Cambridge.) 

(No title). 

(i) a i. Benedictiones. 

a ii. Temporale. In nomine S. et individuae Trinitatis. Incipit 
ordo breviarii secundum coftsuetudinem ecclesiae Sarum in Anglia. (Sig- 
natures atos in eights). In commem. S. Thomae martyris. f. 3, 4. torn 
out. 

(ii) In dedicatione ecclesi&e. Servitium B. Mariae Yirginis, with 
signature A eight leaves. 

(iii) Calendar. Tabula annorum communium et bissextilium &c. 
Benedictio Salis, &c. (8 leaves not signed). 

(iv) Psalter. The Psalms and Canticles are numbered 1 to 175 as 
they occur. Psalm Poenitentiales, Litany, Benedictiones Matutinales (A 
to I. The first leaf has been inserted from the paper edition of 1515). 

(v) Commune Sanctorum (not including 'Unius Matronae'). Casus 
reservati papae. Casus reservati episcopo. Conditiones boni sacerdotis. 
(Signatures a. e. T. in eights). 

(vi) Proprium Sanctorum (S. Andrew to Basilides, &c.) A to F iii 
eights. But there is a deficiency in the month of January, S. Fabrian to 
lection i. of S. Agnes. The binder or folder seems to have taken two leaves 
of signature B from the Psalter instead of the corresponding signature of 
the Sanctorale. 

P. E. a.d. 1509. (St. John's Coll. Cambridge.) 

(Title) signature ^ i. 

d Portiforium seu breuiarium, ad legitimum | Sarisburiensis ecclesiae 
ritnm: diligentissime, ac- | curatissimeqtte castigatum: et iam vltimo ad 
vn- | guem positum, nee minori cura formis excussum | ac impressum. 
Pars aestiualis. 

1 The Pie is contained in the Aberdeen Breviary, printed at Edinburgh in 1510, under 
the title ' Pro historia Aduentus Domini celebranda Canon. Ordo Breviarii secundum 
consuetudinem ecclesiae cathedralis Aberdonensis in Scotia una cum directorio eius- 
dem pro parte hyemali feliciter capit exordium. IF Littera dominicalis A., iii. die 
Decembris tota cantetur hystorir, Aspiciens et tantum memoria de Octauis S. Andreae 
et de S. Maria. 






iv COLLATIONS, TITLES, COLOPHONS AND DESCRIPTIONS 

[Royal arms supported by angels; rose and portcullis, each crowned.] 
(Down the side a sprig of rose). 

C Venundantur Lowdoniis apwd wynnawdi de worde biblio | pola in 
mtersignio solis : m vico vulgariter nuwcupato fletestrete : | et in cymiterio 
sancti pauli : ad mtersignium diuae mariae pietatis. 

(i) Title, as above. 

Tabula de festorum divisione (>J< ii, iii). 

(ii) Benedictiones matutinales. (1 leaf). 

Temporale (47 leaves). 

(fol. ii.) Sarisburiensis portiforii ] nuperrime exactissimeque reuisi : 
volu- | men secundum pars vocari solita aestiualis. (A to F, in eights) 
(folio xlviii). Finit pars aestiualis Temporalis : | secundum \sum Sarwm 
Anno domini 1509. 

(iii) Calendar. Tabula festorum mobilium. Benedictiones salis et 
aquae et panis. (Sign. >|<, 8 leaves). 

(iv) Psalter (with Litany), Commune Sanctorum (with 'unius matro- 
nae non secundum Sarum'). In dedicatione ecclesiae. In commem. S. 
Ceddae. In commem. S. Etheldredae virginis non martyris elyensis diocesis. 
In commem. S. Thomae m. In commem. S. Mariae a purihcatione usque 
ad Adventum Domini. De laude virtute et efncacia psalmorum. De Jioris 
canonicis attende diligenter. Oratio Innocentii Y tl . dicenda post horas 
canonicis. 'Finis.' (Signatures A K, in eights; L, four leaves). 

(v) Sarictorale. (Dunstan to Saturninus & Sisinnius). Regulae gene- 
rales. 

Signatures a to o in eights (o is doubtful, as the middle leaves of the 
quire are missing). 

(Colophon). 

Finit scmctorale secundum vsum Sarcm..| Anno domini 1509. 11 kal. 
Januarii. 

1516 folio. (Bodleian Douce.) 

This edition is much like that which we are reprinting in our present 
volumes, and which will be found described below (p. liii.) under its proper 
date, a.d. 1531. This earlier edition does not contain the misprints which 
we have noticed in the later one, and as usual is rather the less closely 
printed of the two. 

Title-page. 

Ima permutat brevis hora summis | 

41 Breviarium seu horarium doraesticum: Fiue choro ecclesiastico deser- 



OF SOME EDITIONS OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. V 

viens ad usum insignis ecclesie Sarum, cum integro ordinario suo, propriis 
suis locis accommodate inserto. (in three lines). 

shield of B.V. Mary. device of 

1 Cologne Byrckman 

S. Ursula. 

(Ima jwrmutat &c. on a scroll). 

Martyrdom of 

? the Maccabees 

Fortuna opes auferre non animum potest. 

1516. 

(i) Temporale ccxxvi. folios. 

(ii) Psalter civ. folios. 

(iii) Sanctorale cxcviii. folios. 

fo. cxcviii. {recto) Colophon. 

Ad laudem, gloriam, et honorem sanctissimae individuaeqwe trinitatis, 
ac inte- | meratae genetricis et virginis uiariae, totiusqite caelestis exer- 
citus, ac-insuper | commendationem celeberrimi cleri : famosissimae, ac inter 
occiduas nomina | tissimae ecclesiae Sarwm. Diuini officii per totius anni 
circulum tarn de tempo | re quam de Sanctis cum pica ordinarium, jamjam 
solerti cura ac peruigili eruditis | simorum virorum lima correctionis, multa 
lucubratione castigatum : ac iterum | eniendatum. aere et impensis honesti 
viri Francisci byrckman civis Colo | niens^s summa diligentia in alma 
Parisiorum academia impressum . •. | Anno 1516. 

(All this colophon is printed in red except the names and the date). 

(verso) The fine woodcut in three tiers as in the title. 

(iv) The Accentuary, exactly as in 1531, but the last page of all 
(verso) has the woodcut yet once more. 

The type and the woodcuts, except the title and the crucifixion, are like 
those of 1531. 

P. E. Breviary 1519. (Worcester Chapter Library). 

Title-page. 

Portiforium seu Breuia | rium msignis Sarisburiercsis eclesiae vsum 
accuratissime casti | gatum cum multis annotaciunculis ac litteris Alpha- 
beticis, Euangeliorum et Epistolarum, capitulorumqwe originem indicanti- 
bus : quae | nusqwam hucusqwe fuerunt additae. Pars estiualis. 

I~ A rose, with IHS in centre, 



Below this are the royal arms 
(leopards and fleurs de lys) sur- 



crowned. A scroll. 

Haec rosa mrtutis de caelo 



mounted by a crown, supported by i i missa sereno 

two angels. ^Eternum florens regiaoceptra 



J I 



[tenet. 



VI COLLATIONS, TITLES, COLOPHONS AND DESCRIPTIONS 

'Sanctus Georgius' vanquishing the dragon. Blocks in the sinister 
margin represent gatherers of fruit and flowers, and the martyrdom of S. 
Hippolytus. 

This was printed at Paris by Nicholas Hygman for Regnault and 
Byrckman. 

P. H. Quarto Breviary of 1525-6 (H. Bradshaw Esq.) 9 J in. x 7 in. 

(i) The Calendar. 

[>J< i. the title missing.] 
The Calendar (6 leaves commencing Signature >J< ii. then) Tabula festo- 
rum, &c. 

De laude virtute et efficacia psalmorum, 
De horis canonicis attende diligenter, 
Benedictio salis &c. 

(ii) (folio i.) 

Aduentus Domi | ni secundum vsum | Sarum.. 

[Woodcut of the Nativity : the Holy Child lying on a cloth on the 
ground.] (Date rubricated) 1525. 

[Ten New Testament scenes (from the Last Supper to the Descent of 
the Holy Ghost) in the margins.] 

(verso). 

Incipit ordo breuiarii, seu portiforii secundum morem et consuetudi- 

| nem ecclesiae Saru??i anglicanae : vna cum ordinal! suo : quod vsitato 

vocabulo | dicitur Pica siue directorium sacerdotum. In tempore hyemali. 

(Colophon: folio cxxvi. verso). 

d Pars hyemalis breuiarii ad | vsum Sarum cum. pica seu ordinatione 
de tempore, no | vissime recognita accuratissimeqite casti | gata Feliciter 
tinit. 

(iii) Psalterium dauiti | cum ad verum Sarisburiensis | ecclesi&e vsum: 
presbyteris om | nibus per puwctuatkmes ad | limam distinctum, vtile | 
atqwe accommodura. 

[Cut of David and Bathsheba] (date rubricated) 1525. 
[the same margin (10 compartments) as in the Temporale.] 

Folio lxiii. (recto) headed Vigilie moreuoru (bic) on which the Psalter 
Litany ends. 

Folio cxx. ends Q[ Explicit tabula. 

(iv) Proprium Sancto | rum tempore | hyemali. 

[Cut of the Annunciation] (date rubricated) 1525. 
[And margin of 10 scenes, the same as in the other sections.] 



OF SOME EDITIONS OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. Vll 

Colophon F. iii. (recto). 

€E Finis. 
CC Breuiarium siue Portiforium | ad vsum insignis ecclesiae Sarisbu- 
riensis Antwerpiae impressum. | Lahore atqw-e industria Christophori Ru- 
remundensis. Im | pensis honesti viri Francisci Bryckman ciuis Colo | 
niensis. Anno ab incarnatione christi Millesi | mo, quingentisimo, vige- 
simo sexto | Die vero vigesimo secundo | Mensis Martii. 

Begistrum partis hyemalis. *ABCDEFGHIKLMNOPQ. 
abcdefghiklmnop. | A B C B E F. Omnes sunt quaterni | 
praeter ^ quae est quinternus. & Q. quae quae est ternus | et F quae est 
duernus. 
(verso). 

Scroll. Ima permutat brevis hora summis. 
Shield. Three crowns. 

(7 + 7 + 6)? gouts of blood. 
Supporters griffins or eagles. 
Scroll. Francisc [device] Birckman. 
The Services of S. Thomas of Canterbury are lightly marked with a pen 
in this edition; in Mr Bradshaw's copy the pages also are torn wherever 
both recto and verso contained condemned passages only. 

Our Great Folio Breviary of 1531. Totum. (Exeter College, Oxford). 
15 in. x 10J in. 
(Title-page). 

Ima permutat breuis hora summis. 

CE Breuiarium seu horarium domesti- | cum: siue choro ecclesiastico 
deser- | uiens ad vsum insignis ec- | clesiae Saxisburiensis cum integro or- | 
dinario suo, propriis | suis locis accom- | modate in- | serto. 

A shield (hanging from a vine — through which Sol peeps — and sup- 
ported by lions) bears the monogram of a circle with horizontal diameter, 
in the lower semicircle the initials 'C. C Through the upper one rises a 
figure 4 with its right arm crosslet. 

Scroll. C. Chevallon. 
(date rubricated) 1531. 

A margin of foliage with a centaur and other grotesque monsters. 

(i) verso, Benedictiones matutmafes. 

Then, after a sheet of Calendar &c. 

(ii) The Temporale. 

Folio i. (recto). 

CE In nomine sanctac & indiuiduae trinitatis. Amen. 



viii COLLATIONS, TITLES, COLOPHONS AND DESCKIPTIONS 

C Incipit ordo breuiarii secundum morem et consuetudinem ecclesiae 
Sarum anglicanae: vna cum ordinali suo quod vsitato vocabulo dicitur 
Pica, siue directorium sacerdotfwm. Et primo dommica prima aduentats. 

folio ccxxii. (verso). 

C Finis officiorum dominicalium. 

C Sic codices huius partis iurcgendi sunt 1 , a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. k. 1. 
m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t. v. x. y. z. & r. r.' t. t l . 

(iii) The Psalter. 

Folio i. (recto). 

{[ In nomine domini no | stri iesu christi. Amen 

(verso). 

C In nomine domini nostri iesu christi beatissimae virginis mariae, & 
beati thomae martyris : totiusqwe triumphantis curiae. Ordo psalterii 
secundum morem et consuetudinem ac ritum ecclesiae Sarum feliciter 
incipit. 

Folio ii. (recto). 

C[ Incipit Psalterium ad vsum Sarum. 

Folio 1. (verso). 

f[ Finit psalterium secundum vsum Saruwi. . . 

Folio liii. (verso). 

C[ Expliciunt vigiliae mortuorum. . . . 

Folio lxxxiiii. (recto). 

C Finis Communis sanctorum, atqwe sanctarum proprium non haben- 
dum. 

Folio c. (verso). 

C Finis. 

(iv) The Proper of Saints. 

Folio i. (recto). 

In natali Sancti Andreae. 
[Picture of S. Andrew crucified: the proconsul Egeas and others looking on.] 

4[ In vigilia sancti andreae apostoli. 

Folio cxc. (recto). 

C[ Ad laudem, gloriam, et honorem sanctissimae indiuiduaeqwe tri- 1 
nitatis, ac intemeratae genitricis et virginis mariae, totiusqwe caelestis 
exercitus, j ac insuper cowimendationem celeberrimi cleri: famosissimae, 
as inter occiduas | nominatissimae ecclesiae Samm. Diuini officii per totius 
anni curriculum tarn de | tempore quam de Sanctis cum pica ordinarium, 

1 No account seems to be taken of the title ; or of the calendar, which is signed zij, 
ziij, ziiij, with the same type as folios clxxviii. to clxxx. (misprinted lxxx.) 



OF SOME EDITIONS OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. IX 

iamiam solerti cura ac peruigili eruditissi | morum virorum lima correctionis, 
multa lucubratione castigatum: ac iterum emen | datum. A Ere et iwipensis 
honestorum virorum Claudii cheuallon. & Francisci regnault. Ciuium 
Parisiensmm summa diligentia in alma Parisiorum academia impressum. 

Anno 1531. 
(verso is blank) 
(v) Prosodiacal Appendix. 
Signature A i. 

Prologus in accentuarium. 
B vi. (verso blank) ends (recto) with a memorial doggerel hemistich 

[Non instar Liguris] Manducaris quando liguris. 

Novum Reformatum. 

1541. 12mo. P. H. (New College v. 18.8.) 

Portiforium se- | cundum usum Sarum, | nouiter impressum & a pluri- 

| mis purgatum mewlis. In quo | nomen Romano ponti- | fici falso ascrip- 

tum | omittitwr una | cum a- | His quae christianissimo | nostri Regis 

statu- | to repugnant. | Excussum Londini, per Edwardum Whytchurch [ 

1541 | Cum priuilegio ad impri- | mendum solum. | Pars Hyemalis. 

Almanack and Calendar. 

Signatures A A to HE 

(folios 197). Pars hyemalis Breviarii ad usum Sarum: London. Feb. 
1541. 

(folios 184). Finis. 

1541. 8vo. P. E. (New Coll. Oxon. j Queens' Coll. Cambridge) 
5^ in. x 3f in. 

{[ Portiforium Se- | cundum usum Sarum, | noviter impressum & a 
pluri- | mis purgatum mendis. In quo | nomen Romano pontifi | -fici falso 
ascriptum | omittitwr, una cum a | -liis quae christianissimo | nostri Regis 
statu | -to repugnant. 

f[ Excussum Londini, per | Edwardum Whytchurch. | Cum privilegio 
ad impri | -mendum solum. Pars Estivalis | 1541. 

Calendar. 

fol. 80. 

Pars estivalis de tempore breviarii ad usum insignis ecclesiae Sarwm 
finit feliciter. 

(fol. 184.) Finis. 
Signatures AA to XJU. 



X COLLATIONS, TITLES, COLOPHONS AND DESCRIPTIONS 

(Colophon). 

CE Pars estivalis tarn de | tempore quam de Sanctis bre | -viarii Sarum, 
cum pica : seu | ordinatio^e novissime reco | -gnita : accuratissimeqwe ca | 
-stigata. Impressa Londi | -ni. Per Edwardu/?a whyt | -churche. Anno 
domini m. d. xl. i. 

1543—4 P. H. 8vo. (Bodleian Gough 58 b.) 

(i) Signature >J< , Title, within a border whereof the upper block 
represents the suicide of Lucreece. 

d Portiforium | secundum vsum Sarum | nouiter impressum, et a 
plu | rimis purgatum mendis. In | quo nomen Romano ponti | fici falso 
ascriptum omitti- | tur, vna cum aliis quae christianissimo no- | stri Regis 
sta- | tutorepu- | guant. 

CE Excussum Londini, per | Richardum Graf- | ton et Edwar- | dum 
whit- | church. | 1544. | V I ^ ars Hiemalis. 

Cum priuilegio ad imprimendum solum.. 

(verso) CE The effect of the Kinges most gracious Priuiledge . . . God save 
the King. 

Calendar and ' Almanach pro iiii annis.' 

(ii) CE Pars Hyemalis | ui in nomine sanctae et indiuiduae trinitatis | 
CE Incipit ordo breuiarii secundum, morem et cowsuetudinem ecclesiae 
Sarum | anglicanae, vna cum ordinali suo quod visitato vocabulo dicitur 
Pica siue | directorium sacerdotum. In tempore hyemali. | Littera domi- 
nicalis A... 

Signatures a to t, folios i. to cxlviii. 

Pars hyemalis Breuiarii | ad vsum Sarum : cum pica seu | ordinatione 
de tempore nouis- | sime recognita : accuratissime | que castigata Feliciter 
finit. | 

CE Londini in aedibus Edo- | uardi Whitchurche mense | Decembri. 
Anno verbi in | carnati. 1543. | Cum priuilegio ad impri- | mendum 
solum | Ueneunt in officina Guiliel- | mi Telotson, iuxta ianuam | Pauli 
occidentalem. 

(iii) Psalter and Commune. Includes the litany for Lent omitting 
the invocation of S. Thomas (abp.) and the intercession for Pope and 
Abbots. No selections from the Missal. Commune ends with the follow- 
ing offices l , 

...Commune Plurimarum Yirginum. 

In Natali unius Matronae non secundum Sarum (fo. xcii. b.) 

1 These offices are found in the same order in the 1541 breviary (folios cxxv — 
cxxxix), which is very similar. Note the omission of the commemoration of S. 
Thomas. 



OF SOME EDITIONS OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. XI 

Translatio S. Ceddae. 

In Commemoratione S. Etheldredae Y. non M. Eliensis dyoc. 

Officii! m B. Mariae. 

In Commemoratione S. Ceddae Episcopi. 

In Dedicatione Ecclesiae. Finis, (fo. cxi.). 

Tabula de festorum diuisione... Explicit tabula. 
Signatures A to 0, folios i. to cxiii. 

(iv) Incipit proprium de Sanctis tern | pore hyemali. {[ Sanctorum 
Satur | nini et sisinii inartyrum...Marci & Marcelliani.... Finis 1 . 
Signatures A a to Ff. 

1544. P. E. (Bodleian Gough 58.) 

(i) Title exactly as in P. H., with the variation 'Pars Estiualis' and 
the addition of ' Per septennium ' at the end. On the verso the passage 
containing the titles claimed by ' Henri the Eighte,' as well as the remarks 
about foreign printers and 'the bishope of Boomes vsurped authorities 
has been freely inked in the Bodleian copy. 

(ii) Signatures A to F, folios i. to xlviii. 

C Sarisburiensis Portiforii, nuperrime | exactissimeqwe reuisi volumen 
secun- | dum pars vocari solita Estiualis. | In die trinitatis (the pie)... 
Fol. xlviii (verso) Dominica xxiiii & xxv... Finis. 

(iii) Psalter and Commune as in the P. H. 
(iv) Signatures A A to 00. 

Dunstani eipiscojri et martyris. xix Maii. 

Incipit proprium de s<mctis tern- | pore Estiuali Begulae generales. 

4[ Pars estiualis tarn de ,tem- | pore quam de Sanctis breuiarii Sa | rum, 
cum pica: seu ordina- | tione nouissime reco- | gnita: accuratissi | meque 
castiga | ta. Impres- | sa Low- | dini : Per Bicardura Grafton : Anno domini 
m. d. | xliiii. | These bookes are to bee solde | at the west doore of paules 
in | London by Wyllyam Telotson. 

Marian Editions. 
P. E. 1555. (Exeter College Oxon.). 

C[ Portiforium | seu Breuiarium, ad insignis | Sarisburiensis, ecclesi«e 
vsum : accu- | ratissime castigatum, cum multis | annotaciuwculis ac litteris 

1 This Bodleian P. H. of 1544 has in ms. on the fly-leaves at the end * In Com- 
memoracione sancti Ethelberti' which looks like a remnant of Hereford Use, or of the 
weekly commemoration of the festum sancti loci of some parish church. 



xil COLLATIONS, TITLES, COLOPHONS AND DESCRIPTIONS 

Al- | phabeticis, Euangeliorum | et Epistolarum, capitulo- | ramque origi- 
nem indi- | cantibus: quae imsquam | hucusqwe fuerunt | additae. 

[C Pars Estivalis] 1 . 
Impress. Londiui. 
1555. 
(Colophon). 

{[ Pars estiua- | lis tam de tempore, quam | de Sanctis portifarii ad 
vsum insi- | gnis ecclesiae Sarum optimis for- | mulis (vt res ipsa indicat) 
diligen- | tissime reuisum ac correctum. Et si | quid in prioribus omissum, 
aut in | aliquo erratum fuit: appositum si- | ue emendatum est. 

P. H. 1555. (St. John's Coll. Cambridge, T. 8. 17). 

(Title). 

Portif orium seu Breviarium ad usum ecclesie | Sarisburiensiscastigatum, 
supple- | turn, marginalibus quotationibus | adornatum, ac nunc primum 
ad | verissimum ordinalis exem | plar in suum ordinem a | peritissimis 
viris re- | dactum. Pars | Hyemalis | Londini | 1555. 

The above is within a compartment, in the lower member of which is 
R. Grafton's device. The contents are : 

(i) Title, Calendar, Extracta de compoto (8 leaves, signature J.) 

(ii) Temporale. Pars Hyemalis (signatures A to S eights, T ten.) 

(iii) Psalter (with no title), Vigilise Mortuorum, Commune, Tr. S. 
Ceddse, Commemoratio S. Etheldredse, Comm. S. Thomse m., Servitium B. 
Mariae Y., Comm. S. Ceddse, In dedicatione ecclesiae, Benedictiones ad 
lectiones. Devota oratio dicenda ante missam, Oratio devota de sacramento 
altaris, Prseparationes ad missam, Ordinary & Canon, Missse Yotivse (end- 
ing with a second Missa de S. Bocho). Tabula de festorum divisione (116 
folios numbered, sign, a to o eights, p four.) 

(iv) Sanctorale. Pars Hyemalis, followed by "Horis canonicis attende 
diligenter. (Signatures A to G eights.) 

(v) Temporale. Pars Estivalis (signatures a to e eights, f six) last 
page blank. 

(vi) Sauctorale. Pars Estivalis, ending with Begulse generales : (sig- 
natures A a to Nn eights, Oo six.) 

(Colophon). 

"Pars estivalis tam de tempore quam de Sanctis portiforii ad vsum 

1 These words appear to have been cut out here in the Exeter College book. The 
last leaf but one is numbered ' Ii. v,' the last one is not marked. It would be of course 
Ii. vi. The Queens' Coll. Cambridge, P. E. of 1555 ends, without colophon, 'Explicit 
Tabula.' Does it contain the Proprium Sanctorum ? 



OF SOME EDITIONS OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. Xlll 

insignis ecclesiae Sarum optimis formulis (ut res ipsa indicat) diligentissime 
revisum ac correctum. Et si quid in prioribus omissum, aut in aliquo 
erratum fuit: appositum siue emendatum est." 

The St. John's College Breviary marked 'T. 8. 16' corresponds exactly 
with this one (T. 8. 17) in the divisions marked (i) (ii) and (iv). But for 
(iii) it has. 

C Psalterium Davidicum ad vsum ecclesiae Sarisburiens/s. 

Followed by the same services in the same order except that after 
'Benedictiones ad Lectiones' the Benedictiones salis et aquae et panis are 
printed in place of the devout prayers ante missam and cle Sacramento 
altaris. 

The folios are not numbered. Signatures a to r (eights), s four. 

Another P. E. 1555. (Queen's Coll. Oxon.) 9 in. x 6£ul 

#1 Portiforium seu | Breuiarium ad vsum ecclesiae | Sarisburiensis casti- 
gatura, supple | turn, marginalibus quotationibus | adornatum, ac nunc 
primum ad | verissimum ordinalis exem | plar in suum ordinem a | peri- 
tissimis viris re | dactum. Pars | estivalis. | Londini, | 1555. (This title 
is enclosed in a renaissance border. The 'Proprium sanctorum tempore 
estivali' has a title with pictures imitated from the title of 1519. S. George 
however is in the upper compartment ; and the shield below, supported 
by rams, displays a true-lover 's knot. 

This book has no pagination nor signatures. It has lost one leaf (or 
two) which should commence ■ V. Specie,' in the 2nd nocturn of S. Katherine 
(25 Nov.) 

a.d. 1557. P. E. Le Blanc for Merlin. (Pembroke College, Cambridge.) 

(Title). 

CL Portiforium seu Breuiarium | ad vsum ecclesiae Sarisburiensis cas- 
tigatum, suppletura, | marginalibus quotationibus adornatum, ac | nunc 
primum ad verissimum ordinalis | exemplar in suum ordinem a peri- | tis- 
simis viris redactum. 

CE Pars A Estivalis. 

[device. Swan and crosier 
legend, in hoc cygno vinces.~\ 

Parisiis | C Apud Gulielmum Merlin, in ponte teloneorum ad signum | 
hominis Siluestris. | 1557. 

(i) Calendar. Tabula festorum mobilium. 
Extracta ex compoto. 

(ii) fol. i. 

Diebus dominicis. C Psalterium da- | uidicuwi ad vsum ecclesiae Sa- | 
risburiensis. 



XIV COLLATIONS, TITLES, COLOPHONS AND DESCRIPTIONS 

fol. cxxxvi. (verso). 

C Explicit tabula [de festorum diuisione.] 

(iii) Temporale. 

fol. i. 

In festo sanctae Trinitatis. | C Sarisburiensis portiforii nuperrime | ex- 
actissimeqwe emeralati volumes secundum, | pars vocari solita Estivalis 
[the Pie for Trinity] 

f. ol. [i.e. fol.] lvi. (verso). 

Dominica xxv. post trinitatem . . . 

f[ Pars A Estivalis ] de te??ipore breuiarii: ad vsum | insignis ecclesiae 
Sar finit fe | liciter. 

(iv) Dunstani episcopi et confessoHs xix Maij. 

f[ Incipit proprium de s^mctis tempore aestivali. (Signatures AA to 
PP). 

PP. (verso). 

Regulae generales...f[ Partis aestiualis tarn de tempore quam de Sanctis 
Breuiarii | ad vsum insignis ecclesiae Sarwm nuper Parisiis accurate 
emen | dati : excusum vero industria ac typis Joannis le Blanc typo- | gra- 
phi pro Guillelmo Merlin in ponte teloneorum commo- | ranti ad Siluestris 
hominis signum. Finis. 

C Begistrum partis aestiualis. | Et primo 1 de tempore ABCD EE 
[i.e. F] G omnes sunt quaterni | ^[ Deinde calendarium Psalterium et com- 
mune sanctorum. 

>fa a...r. Omnes sunt quaterni. 

C Deinceps proprium sanctorum. A A . . . II . . . PP. 

Omnes sunt quaterni. 1557. 

P. H. 1556. Kyngston & Sutton. (Queen's Coll. Oxon.) 9 in. x 6| in. 

(i) €T Portiforium | seu Breuiarium, ad insignis | Sarisburiensis, eccle- 
siae vsum : accu- | ratissime castigatum, cum multis | annotaciuwculis ac 
litteris Al- | phabeticis, Evangeliorum | & Epistolarum capitulo- | rumq^e 
originem indicanti- j bus : quae nusqwam hucusqwe | f uerunt additae. 

C! Pars by emalis | Impress. Londini. | per Joannem Kyngston & | 
Henricum Sutton, typographos, | 1556. 

(renaissance border.) 

(ii) fol. i. Ad matutinas. In Dominicis diebus 

fol. cxviii. Finis. Then, Tabula de festorum divisione. 

(iii) Incipit proprium de Sanctis tempore hyemali. 
1 However, the Calendar, Psalter, and Commune, are bound before the De Tempore. 



OF SOME EDITIONS OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. XV 

(Coloplion). 

Breuiarium seu Portiforium ad vsum ecclesiae Sariburiensis. Lon- 
dini iinpressum, per Johannem Kyngston et Henricum Sutton typographos 
Anno domini Millesimo quingentesimo quinquagesimo sexto, Die vero 
septinio mensis Martii. 

Registruni partis hyemalis ^ ABCDEFGHJKLMNOP 
abcdefghiklumop ABODE. Omnes sunt quaternions praeter p qui 
est duernio. 

P. H. 1555. Vidua Regnault (Lincoln Chapter Library Rr. 4. 23). 
8vo. 

(i) Title. 

Polio i. f[ In nomine sanctae et indiuiduae tri- | nitatis Incipit ordo 
Breuiarii, seu portiforii se- | cundum morem et consuetudinem ecclesiae | 
Sarisburien^is anglicanae: vna cum | ordinali suo : quod vsitato voca- | bulo 
dicitur Pica sive dire- | ctorium sacerdotum. | Q[ Pars hyemalis. | fll Pica 
de dominica prima Adventus... 

Polio 2. Dominica prima aduentus. 

(vignette of the Nativity) 

...Fo. 172 (verso). 

(Sabbato post pentecostea) C Pars hyemalis breviarii | ad vsum 
Sarwm cum pica seu ordinatione de tempore nouissi | me recognita accu- 
ratissime^we | castigata Peliciter finit. Signatures A to X in eights ; Y is 
four. 

(ii) (Diebus dominicis) C Psalterium da- | uidicum ad vsum ecclesiae 
Sar- | risburiensis. | 

CL In Dominicis diebus a. j Domine ne in ira... 

Fol. 75 (recto) column a. ends, after the Litany, with Finit psalterium 
ad vsum Samm. column b. begins C In vigiKs mortuorum. Ad. Fo. 78. 
column a. lines 4, 5. 

C[ Expliciuwt vigiliae mortuorum. | CL In natali vnius apostoli 
Fo. 99, Commune vnius matronae 

(Translation of Chad, Commemoration of Etheldreda, Commemoration 
of Thomas.) 

Fol. 102, Mariae virginis. 
„ 110...Commem. of Chad, Dedicatio Ecclesiae. 
„ 117 (verso) Benedictiones ad lectiones. 
,, 118 (verso) Benedictio aquae &c. 
„ 119 (verso) Praeparationes — the usual masses two de S. Rocho. 



xvi COLLATIONS, TITLES, COLOPHONS, &C. 

Fol. 143 (recto) Finis [verso) Tabula [de festorum divisione]. 
„ 147 {verso) d Explicit tabula. 

The next leaf is blank recto : verso a device of St George and the 
dragon. 

Signatures a to s in eights, t is four. 

(iii) (In vigilia sancti andreae aps. xxix Novem.) {[ Incipit 
proprium | de Sanctis tempore hyemali. 

Signature G. iv. {recto) column a C Finis | #[ De horis canonicis 
atten- | de diligenter. 

{verso) ...priuatas. | C Deo gratias | C Fars hyemalis tarn de tempore 
quam | de Sanctis Fortiforii ad vsum insignis ecclesiae Sarisburien | sis : 
finit feliciter. | f[ Farisiis. | C Fer Magdalenam Bourse tte viduara Fran- 
cisci Regnault. | f[ Index chartarum. »i» a. b. c. ... s. t. A. B. ... X. y. 
A. B. G. D. | E. F. G. Omnes sunt quaterniones praeter t, y, G, qui 
suwt | terniones. | 1555. | 

(The Psalter, though collated first in this 'Index,' is bound second in the 
volume. Signature "fr, the kalendar, is wanting.) 

F. E. 1556. Vidua Regnault; Amazeur pro Merlin. (Lambeth Li- 
brary 78. 1. 4.) 

fl Fortiforium seu Breviarium | ad msignis Sarisburiewsis ecclesiae 
vsum: | nuper summa diligentia emendatum. | Pars jlEstivalis. | 
[in the middle of the picture is an elephant.] 

Farisiis | apud Magdalenam Boursette vi- | duam Francisci regnault, 
in via san | cti Jacobi: ad signum Elephantis. | 1556. 

Colophon. 

C Fartis Estiualis tarn de tern | pore quam de Sanctis portiforii ad 
vsum msignis ecclesiae Sarisbu | riensis nuper Farisiis accurate exacteqwe 
emendati, ex | cusi vero industria ac typis Joannis ama- | zeur typographi 
pro Guillelmo Mer | lin in ponte nummulariorum com | moranti ad Silues- 
tris ho | minis signum. Finis. | 

Regis trum. 



XV11 



A ROUGH LIST 



OP 



SAKUM BREYIAEIES, PORTIFORIA, 

AND OTHER SERVICE BOOKS OF THE SAME 'USE' NEARLY 
ALLIED WITH THE BREVIARY. 

* This list does not include Missals or other altar-books, nor Manuals, Pontificals, or other 
occasional Service books, nor yet Horae, Prymers, or other Church- Services for 
private or extra-choral use. 

[From the List of F. H. Dickinson, Esq.) 

P. H. =pars hiemalis. P. E. =pars aestivalis. 



Date. 


Size. 


Vol. 


Place. 


Printer, &c. 


Where the Book is or to 
whom it belongs. 


1483 
1494 

1495 


8vo. 
8vo. 

16mo. 


totum* 

( totum ) 
j in 2. j 

P. E. 


Venice 
Paris 

Venice 


R. de Noviomago 

P. Levet | 

^J. Hertzog de Landoia, ) 
| for Fred. Egmondt j 


National Library, Paris, 
formerly Univ. Camb. 

Trinity College, Dublin. 
Vellum. 

Bodleian, Gough 43. 


(1494 ) 
-5) 1 
1496 


fol. 

fol. 


totum 


Venice 
Kouen 


fragment 
Martin Morin 


Univ. Lib. Cambridge. 
Univ. Lib. Edinburgh. 


(1497) 
1499 

1499 
1499 


| 8vo. J 

8vo. 
8vo. 
8vo. 
8vo. 


P. H. in 
2 vols. 
P. H. 
P. E. 

Psalter 


Kouen 

? Paris 
Paris 
Paris 
Louvain 


M. Morin 

(vellum) 
(vellum) 
(vellum) 
T. Martin Alostensis 


Bodleian, Gough 67—68. 

Vellum.f 
S. John's Coll. Cambridge. 
British Museum. 
Jesus College, Cambridge. 
Musee Plantin, Antwerp. 


15.06 


folio 




Paris 


j Th.Kerver forW. de Worde) 
| and M. Morin, fragments ) 


J. Eliot Hodgkin, Esq. 


1507 

1508 

1509 
1509 

1509 

-1510 
1510 


| 8vo. 

4to. 

4to. 
4to. 

[4to. 

8vo. 
8vo. 


|p:e." i 

P. E. 
P. E. 

P. E. 

P. H. 
P. E. 


Paris 

London 

London 
London 

Paris 


W. de Worde, 2 vols, in 1 

Pynson \ 

W. de Worde 
W. de Worde 

W. de Worde ] 
[title dated 1528] 


Bodleian, Gough 73. 

Lord Spencer. Described 

by Hain. 
Bodleian, Gough 155. 
Bodleian, Gough 161. 
S. John's Coll. Cambridge. 

Imperfect near end of 

Sanctorale. 
J.F.F. Horner, Esq., Mells. 
British Museum. 



* Now bound in two volumes. The word ' totum ' is used in these lists to signify a one volume edition 
wherein winter and summer parts are not separate; as distinct from a P. H. and P. E. bound together. 
t This is the very early breviary without the Pie, described by Mr Seager, fascic. I. pp. xxiii. xliii, liv. 

B 



xvm 



A LIST OF PRINTED COPIES OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. 



Date. 


Size. 


Vol. 


Place. 


Printer, &c. 


Where the Book is or to 
whom it belongs. 


1514 

1515 

1515 

lOKal. 

Maij 


8vo. 
8vo. 

}-8vo. 


P. E. 
P. E. 

P. E. 


Paris 
Paris 

Paris 


Kerver 

J. Ferrebonc & J. Bienayse 

Impensis Ri. Mace 


Bodleian, Gough 9. 
S. Marie's Coll. Oscott. 

Gonville & Caius College. 



1516 fol. 




Byrckman 



(1 leaf only) 



Bodleian, Douce B. subt. 7. 
Trinity College, Dublin. 
King's Coll. Aberdeen. 
Countess of Cardigan, 

Deene Hall. 
Univ. Lib. Cambridge. 



1518 
12 Feb. 
1519 
1519 

1519 

1522 

1525-6 

22Mar. 

1525-6 

1525-6 

22Mar. 

1525-6 

[1525] 

1528 

18 May 

1528 

1528 

1528 

1528 

1528 

1528 

1530 
1530 

1530 



8vo 
8vo 



Regnault and Byrckman 
Regnault and Byrkman 
Nic. Hygman, impensis ) 
Regnault & Byrkman j 
Kerver impens. Byrckman 
Chr. Ruremundensis 
impens. F. Bryckman 
Ruremond imp. Byrkman 
Ruremund, impensis 

Byrckman 
Chr. Endoviensis, sump- 
tibus Bryckman 

F. Regnault 

Regnault 
[see 1510] 

Iehan Petit 

J. Kaerbriand (alias Hu- 
guelin), impen. Jo. Parvi 

[437 folios; wants i — vii.] 

vidua Kerver 
vidua Kerver 

J. Petit (Parvus) 



Stonyhurst College. 

Bodleian, Douce BB. 200. 
Earl Beauchamp. 

Chapter Lib. Worcester. 

J.F. F. Horner, Esq., Mells. 
Chapter Lib. Worcester, 

wants Kalendar. 
H. Bradshaw, Esq. 

British Museum. 

Royal Lib., Copenhagen 

(quondam Bibl. Thott.) 
Rev. W. J. Blew. Imperf t. * 

Rev. W. J. Blew. 

Bodleian, Gough 150. 
British Museum. 
British Museum. Maskell. 
Rev. W. J. Blew. 
Dean of Exeter (1850) Dr 

Lowe. 
H. Sherbrooke, Esq., Ox- 
ton Hall, Southwell. 
Bodl. Gough 56. Imperf. 
Bodl. Gough 16. Imperf. 
Bodl. Auct. T. inf. in. 19. 

Imperfect. 



1531 


folio 


totum 


Paris j 


aere et impensis Claudii ) 
Chevallon & F. Regnault j 


Brit. Museum. Maskell. 


1531 


folio 


totum 


Paris 


Chevallon & F. Regnault 


Univ. Lib. Cambridge. 


1531 


folio 


totum 


Paris 


Chevallon & F. Regnault 


S. John'sColl.Camb. Imperf. 


1531 


folio 


totum 


Paris 


Chevallon & F. Regnault 


Exeter College 172. G. 6. 


1531 


folio 


totum 


Paris 


Chevallon & F. Regnault 


Lambeth (11 e. g.). 


1531 


folio 


totum 


Paris 


Chevallon & F. Regnault 


Trinity Coll. Camb. vi. 5. 1. 


1533 


8vo. 




Paris 


{ 


Thoresby, Ducatus Leodi- 
ensis. P. 546. 


1533 


8vo. 


P. H. 


Paris 


F. Regnault 


Canterbury Cathedral. 


1533 


8vo. 


P.E. 


Paris 


F. Regnault 


Bibl. Nat. Paris. 



* This fragmentary breviary belonging to Mr Blew is imperfect, beginning in the middle of Corpu* 
Christi, and ending in the middle of S. Anianus. The tabula serves for the years 1525—1552. 



A LIST OF PRINTED COPIES OF THE LATER BREVIARIES. 



Xix 



Date. 


Size. 


Vol. 


Place. 


Printer, &c. 


Where the Book is or to 
whom it belongs. 


1533 

1535 
1535 
1535 
1535 


4to. 

4to. 
fol. 
4to. 
4to. 


P. H. 

P. H. 
P. H. 

2 vols. 
P. E. 


Paris 

Paris 
Paris 
Paris 
Paris 


F. Regnault (Psalter only)] 

F. Regnault 
F. Regnault 
F. Regnault 
F. Eegnault 


Brit. Mus. (OldEoyal Lib.) 
Ibid. 468. q. 1. Bodl. 
Gough 175, 202. 

Bodl. Gough 175. Imperf. 

olim Maskell.* 

Bodleian, Gough 192, 193. 

The Marquis of Bath. 



1555 



8vo. 


P. H. 


1 Paris 


8vo. 


P. H. 


Paris 


8vo. 


P. H. 




8vo. 


2 vols. 


Paris 


8vo. 


2 vols. 


Paris 


8vo. 


2 vols. 


Paris 


4to. 


P. E. 


Paris 


4to. 

( 


P. E. 
Propr. ") 


Paris 


4to. j 


Sane- V 
torum j 


Paris 


4to. 




Paris 


4to. 


(Sanct. ) 
j P. E. j 


Paris 


4to. 


2 vols. 


Paris 


4to. 


2 vols. 


Paris 


4to. 


JSanct. ) 
P. E. 


Paris 




P. E. 


Paris 


4to. 


2 vols. 


London 


4to. 


P. E. 




4to. 


P. E. 


London 


8vo. 


2 vols. 


Paris 


8vo. ) 
5ix3fi 


P. H. 


Paris 


8vo. 


P. H. 


Paris 


8vo. 


P. E. 


Paris 


8vo. 


P. H. 


Paris 


8vo. 


P. E. 
P. H. 


Paris 

... 


4to. 


2 vols. 


London 


4to". 


2 vols. 


London 


4to. j 


P.H. 
Ps. P.E. 


London 
? 


4to. 


P.H. 


London 



Marianvm. 

! vidua Regnault 
vidua Regnault 
vidua Regnault 

vidua Regnault 

Regnault 
vidua Regnault 

F. Eegnault 



F. Eegnault 



F. Eegnault 

? F. Eegnault 

F. Eegnault 
F. Eegnault 

F. Eegnault 

F. Eegnault 
E. Caly 

E. Caly 

F. Eegnault 
vidua Eegnault 

Magdalene Boursette 
vidua F. Eegnault 
vidua F. Eegnault 
vidua F. Eegnault 

vidua F. Eegnault 

Magdalene Boursette, 
vidua Fr. Eegnault 



Kyngston and Sutton 



Kyngston and Sutton 
Ei. Grafton, i. e. E. Caly 



Ei. Grafton 



Bodleian, 8vo. B. 108 Line. 
S. Marie's Coll. Oscott. 
A. J. B. Hope, Esq. 

Bodleian, DouceBB.29,30. 

Brit. Museum. Maskell. 
J. Horner, Esq., Mells. 
Magd. Coll. Cambridge.f 
Pepys, I749.f 
De. and Chap, of Winds.f 

Eev. H. J. Hotham.f 

Sir Henry Hoare, Bart.t 
Emm. Coll. Cambridge.f 
Queen's Coll. Oxon. want:? 

two leaves.f 
Brit. Museum. Maskell. t 
J. Bohn, Canterbury. f 
J. Hirst, Esq., Ladcastle, 

Saddleworth.f 
Chapter Library, York.t 
Brit. Museum. Maskell. t 
Bamborough Castle. t 
Stonyhurst College.f 
Bodleian, Gough 63, 64. 

J. Hirst, Esq., Ladcastle. 

Bodl. 8vo. Eawl. 873. 
Bodl. 8vo. B. 16. Th. 
Lincoln Chapter Library, 
Er. 4. 23. 

Eev. W. J. Blew. 

S. Edmund's Coll. Herts. 
Bodleian, Gough 171, 172. 
C. Eyston, Esq. Hendred. 
Bodl. Douce BB. 180. 1. 
S. John's Coll. Camb. T. 8. 

17. 
S. John's Coll. Camb. T. 8. 

16. 



* "The folio Breviary of 1535 belonged formerly to Mr Maskell, but is not now [1850] in his possession, 
nor among those he sold, to the Museum." Mr Dickinson's List (in Addendis), p. 30. 

t These thirteen copies have in the colophon of the P. E. the date 1535, Paris, Regnault. They appear 
however to have come from the press of R. Caly (who succeeded Ri. Grafton on Q. Mary's accession 
London, in the year 1555. Caly simply reprinted Regnault's imprint. Similar copies are at Oscott and 
Ushaw, and A. H. Huth, Esq. has another. 



XX 



A LIST OF PRINTED COPIES OF THE SARUM BREVIARY. 



Date. 


Size. 


Vol. 


1555 


4to. 


P. H. 


1555 


4to. 


P. E. 


1555 


4to. 


P. H. 


1555 


4to. 




1555 


4to. 


P. H. 


1555 




P. E. 


1555 


8vo. 




1555 


8vo. 


P. H. 


1555 


4to. 


2 vols. 


1555 


4to. 


P. E. 


1555 




P. H. 


1555 


4to. 


P. E. 


1555 




P. E. 


1555 


4to*. 


P. E. 


1555 


4to. 


P. E. 


1556 


4to. 




1556 


4to. 


P. H. 


1556 
7 Mar. 


Uto. 


P. H. 


1556 
7 Mar. 


Uto. 


P. H. 


1556 


4to. 


P. H. 


1556 

7 Mar. 


j 4to. 


P. H. 


1556 


4to. 


2 vols. 


1556 


4to. 


P.H. 


1556 


t : 




7 Mar. 




1556 


4to'. 


P.E. 


1556 


4to. 


P. E. 


1556 


4to. 


2 vols. 


1556 


4to. 


2 vols. 


1556 


16mo. 


P. E. 


1556 


16mo. 


P.H. 


1556 


16mo. 


P.E. 


1556 


16mo. 


2 vols. 
P.H. 


1556? 


loino. 


P.E. 


1556 


16mo. 


P.E. 


1556 


16mo. 


P.H. 


1556 


4to. 


2 vols. 


1556 


4to. 


P. H. 


1556 


4to'. 


P.H. 


1556 


8vo. 


P. E. 


1556 


8vo. 


P.H. 



Place. 



London 

London 

London 

London 

London 

London 

Paris 

Paris 

London 

London 



London 

London 
London 
London 
London 

London 

London 

London 

London 

London 
London 



London 
London 
London 
London 

Rouen 

Rouen 

Rouen 
Rouen 

Rouen 
Rouen 
Rouen 

Paris 

Paris 

Paris 
Paris 

Paris 



Printer, &c. 



Kyngston and Sutton 

Kyngston and Sutton 
[Grafton] 

Ri. Grafton, i.e. Caly 



vid. Regnault 

R. Caly 

Kyngston and Sutton 

(wants two last leaves witL 
catch-word ( V. Specie') 
(J. Kyngston ?) 
(Tempor. &Psalt.this date) 
(Tempor. and Psalter) 

J. Kyngston and H. Sutton 
J. Kyngston and H. Sutton 

Kyngston and Sutton 

Kyngston and Sutton 

J. Kyngston and H. Sutton 

Kyngston and Sutton 
Kyngston and Sutton 



J. Kyngston and H. Sutton 
Kyngston and Sutton 
J. Kyngston & H. Sutton 
apud Rob. Yalentinum, & 

Florentium fil. 
apud Rob. Valentinum, & 

Florentium fil. 
apud Rob. Valentinum, & 

Florentium fil. 
Valentin 



Valentin 
Valentin 
Valentin 

Merlin, Amazeur 

Merlin 



Merlin 
Merlin 

Merlin 



Where the Book is or to 
whom it belongs. 

Cock Library, S. Oswald's 

Vicarage, Durham. 
Routh Library, Durham. 
Bodleian, Gough 151. 
Univ. Lib. Cambridge. 
Rev. H. J. Hotham. 
Exeter College, Oxon. 
Univ. Lib. Cambridge. 
Sir Henry Hoare, Bart. 
York Minster. 
Queens' Coll. Cambridge. 
Lord Spencer. 
Queen's Coll. Oxon. 

See 1535. 
S. Cuthbert's Coll.Ushaw.* 
Rev. H. J. H. (see 1535). 
Emm. Coll. (see 1535). 
Sir Henry Hoare, Bart. 
Rev. W. J. Blew. 

Magdalen Coll. Oxon. 

Magd. Coll. Cambridge. 

Pepys 1748. 
Magd. College, Cambridge. 

Queen's Coll. Oxon. 

Bodleian, Gough 184, 185. 
Bodleian, B. 10. 7. Line. 

Dean & Ch. of Salisbury. 

Barnb 1 ". Castle, Northumb. 
Church Library, Newark. 
Rev. W. J. Blew. 
Stonyhurst College. 
The Earl of Ashburnham. 

Bodleian, Douce B. 4. 
Rev. W. J. Blew. 

Caius College. *A. m. 34. 

F. H. Dickinson, Esq. 
Trin. Coll. Dublin. 
Trin. Coll. Dublin. Imperf . 
Canterbury Cathedral. 
Stonyhurst College. 
J.F. Fortescue Horner, Esq. , 
Mells, by Frome. Imperf. 
Bodleian, Gough 197. 
Sion College. 

Bodleian B. 1. 11. Jur.Seld. 
C. Eyston, Esq. 
The Duke of Norfolk. 
Dean &Ch. of Westminster. 



* The Calendar, and the latter part of the Sarum Breviary of 1555, at S. Cuthbert's College, Ushaw 
appear to have been printed at a different time from the rest; and the like may be said of the othei 
Breviaries, 1535—55, marked t in our list under the date 1535. 



PRINTED SARUM BREVIARIES. 



XXI 



Siz 

4to. 
4to. 

8vo. 

8vo. 

8vo. 
8vo. 
8vo. 
8vo. 
8vo. 

8vo. 

8vo. 

8vo. 

8vo. 

8vo. 
8vo. 
8vo. 

8vo. 



Vol. 



P. H. 
P. E. 

P. H. 
P. H. 



P. H. 
P. H. 
P. H. 

P. H. 

P. E. 
P. H. & 
P. E. . 

P. E. 

P. E. 
P. E. 
P. E. 

P. E. 



Place. 



Paris 
Paris 

Paris 
Paris 

Paris 
Paris 
Paris 
Paris 

Paris 

Paris 

Paris 

Paris 

Paris 
Paris 
Paris 

Paris 



Printer, &c. 



apud Guilliel. Merlin 

apud Magdalenam Bour-\ 
sette viduam Regnault, / 
typis Amazeur pro f 
Gu. Merlin ) 

ex typ. J. le Blanc, pro) 
Gu. Merlin ) 

ex typ. J. Le Blanc, proi 
Gu. Merlin \ 



Merlin 

Le Blanc, Merlin 

Le Blanc, pro Merlin 

ex typ. J. Le Blanc pro 

Gu. Merlin 
J. Le Blanc pro Merlin 

Merlin, typ. Le Blanc 

typis Jo. Le Blanc, pro 

Gu. Merlin 
typis Jo. Le Blanc, pro 

Gu. Merlin 
Merlin, Le Blanc 

Merlin, typis Le Blanc 

typis Jo. Le Blanc, pro 
[apud] Gu. Merlin 



Where the book is or to 
whom it belones. 



Lambeth (78. i. 2). 
Lambeth (78. i. 4). 



S. John's Coll. Cambridge. 

J. F. Fortescue Horner, 

Esq., Mells. 
British Museum. Imperf. 
Ushaw College. 
Bodleian, Gough 71. 
Bodleian, Tanner 171. 
S. Cuthbert's Coll. Ushaw. 

Emm. Coll. Cambridge. 

Emm. Coll. Cambridge. 
Gonville and Caius Coll., 
F. 47. 32 (one Psalter). 

S. John's Coll. Camb. 

J. F. Fortescue Horner, 

Esq., Mells. 
Bodleian, Douce BB. 69. 
Gonville and Caius Coll., 

D. x. 7. 

Pemb. Coll. Camb. 1. 5. 36. 
S. Edmund's Coll. Herts. 



8vo. 


2 vols. 


8vo. 


2 vols. 


8vo. 
8vo. 
8vo. 


P. E. 
P. E. 
P. E. 




P. E. 


8vo. 


P. H. 


8vo. 
8vo. 
8vo. 
8vo. 


P. E. 
P. E. 

2 vols. 
2 vols. 



London 

London 

London 
London 
London 

London 

London 

London 
London 
London 
London 



Anglicanvm. 

E. Whytchurch 

E. Whytchurch 

E. Whytchurch 
E. Whytchurch 
E. Whytchurch 



Grafton and Whitchurch 
R. Grafton and Ed. Whit- 
church 
R. Grafton 
R. Grafton 

Grafton and Whitchurch 
Grafton and Whitchurch 



Brit. Mus. King's Lib. 

New College V. 18. 8, 7. 

Bodleian, Gough 38. 
Queens' Coll. Cambridge. 
Stonyhurst College. 
Sion College. 
Chetham Lib. Manchester. 

Rev. W. J. Blew. 

Rev. W. J. Blew 
W.Kerslake,Bristol.Imperf. 
Brit. Museum. Maskell. 
Bodleian, Gough, 58, 58 b. 



S. B. 







XX11 



PRINTED SARUM BREVIARIES AND ANTIPHONER. 



Dates not ascertained. 



Date. 



Size. 



4to. 
12m. 

16m. 

16m. 

4to. 

18m. 

4to. 



Vol. 



P. H. 
P.H. 
P. E. 
P.H. 



Place. 



Paris 



Paris 



Printer, &c. 



Regnault 
(no colophon) 

(begins fol. viii.) 

(begins in calendar for 
March) 



Where the book is or to 
whom it belongs. 



(Psalter or 
Breviary) 



imperfect 



Abp. Marsh's Lib. Dublin. 
Rev. W. J. Blew (ends with 
1st vesp. of Annunciation). 
Rev. W. J. Blew (ends in 

'Cathedra Petri'). 
Rev. W. J. Blew (ends folio 

cxxviii. '■Te igitur'). 
S. Edmund's Coll. Herts. 

No title page. 
S. Edmund's Coll. Herts. 

No tit. p. (after 1520?) 

Rev. H. J. Hotham. 



ANTIPHONAEIUM or ANTIPHONALE. 



Date. 


Size. 


Part. 


Place. 


Printer. 


Owner. 


1519 
1519 


folio, 
fol. 
fol. 
fol. 
fol. j 


P. H. 
P.H. 
P.H. 

P. E. 

Psalter 
only 


Paris j 

1 


Wolfgang Hopyl, impen- ) 

sis Er. Byrkman \ 

( 


Brit.Mus.,formerlyUshaw; 

vellum. Wants Psalter. 
Fragments, Trin. College, 

Cambridge. 


1519 


1 


1520 




Christ Church, Oxford. 
British Museum. 


9 




Cambridge Univ. Library. 







DIURNALE. 



Date. 


Size. 


Place. 


Printer. 


Owner. 


1512 


16mo. j 


Paris ) 
Sold in London j 


Byrkman, impensis Jacob.* 


j Lambeth Library 
\ (xliii. 1. 47). 



* Title '^T Diurnale Sarum,' above the arms of England and France. Colophon 'C[ Diurnale Sarum 
pro id gesturi commoditate ad brevitatem redactum longe ceteris castigatione sui et perfectione praeeminens 
In alma Parisiorum Academia M. cccccxij Impensis honesti viri Henrioi Jacobi Londonij in cimiterio Sancti 
Pauli commorantis' (with the device of Fr. Birckman. The Diurnale was corrected by '** 
Cowper.' 



master William 



XXlll 



Expositio Sequentiarum, 
hymnorum, et hymnorum aliorum. 

In the column of 'Contents' in this list, 'H'= Hymns, *S'= Sequences, 'h'= hymns in appendix, 
' p ' = (two or four) prosce in a supplement. 



Date. 


Size. 


Contents. 


Place. 


Printer. 


1494 


4to. 


H. 


Paris 


Ballingault 


1497 


fol. 


H. S. 




No name 


[1497] 


4to. 


S. 




Pynson 


1498 


4to. 


H. S. 


London 


R. Pynson 


?1498 


4to. 


j S. 4p 
j H. h. 


[London] 


(p. and h. by R. Pynson) 


mccclxixix 


I 


S. 






Mar. 17 




'" 




1499 f 
Feb. 6 < 




H. | 


Westmin- ) 
ster j 


W. de Worde j 


1499 > 
Feb.6 S 


4to. 


H. S. 


Westmin- i 
ster \ 


W. de Worde 


1502 


4to. 


H. 


Paris 


A. Bocard. J. Balduin. 


1502 


4to. 
4to. 


H. S. 
H. S. 


Paris 
Paris 




1502-3 


Andr. Bocard. for J.) 
Balduin or Boudins \ 


1502 


4to. 


H. S. 


Paris 


M. H. Hooch stratanus 


1502? 


8vo. 


H. 


Antwerp 


i Mich. Hillenius Hooch- 
\ stratanus 


1502? 


8vo. 


S. 2p. j 


Paris, sold 
in London 


(no name) 


1505 


4to. 


S. 


London 


Julian Notary 


n. d. 


4to. 


H. 


London 


Julian Notary 


n. d. 


4to. 


H. 




1 

R. Pynson ( 


1506 ) 
Jan. 6 J 


4to. 


S. 


London 


n. d. 


4to. 
4to. 


H. 

H. S. 




n. d. 


Pynson 


1507 


4to. 


H. 


Rouen 


P. Violete j 


1509 ) 
July 6 / 
1509 


4to. 


H. 


London 


W. de Worde 


4to. 


S. 


London 


Pynson 


1510 


4to. 


H. 


London 


Julian Notary 


1511 


4to. 


H. 


London 


Pynson 


1514 


fol. 


H. 


London 


W. de Worde 


1515 


fol. 


H. 


London 


W. de Worde 


1515 | 
June 8 j 


8vo. 


S. 


London 


W. de Worde 


1515 j 
'June 14 \ 


4to. 


H. 


London 


W. de W T orde j 


1515 


4to. 


H. 


London 


W. de Worde 



Owner. 



King's Coll. Cambridge. 
(Described by Hain.) 
Bodleian, Gough 143. 
(Described by Hain.) 

Lincoln Ch. Lib. R. 5. 18. 

Exeter College, Oxon. 

Exeter College, Oxon. Im- 
perfect. Wants fo. i — v. 

(Described by Hain.) 

Bodleian, Gough 122. 
Corpus Christi Coll. Camb. 

Queens' College, Camb.* 

Bodleian, C. 4. 6. Line. 

Rev. W. J. Blew. 
50 folios. 
Rev. W. J. Blew (ends im- 

perf. with folio xlvii.). 
Lambeth Lib. xxv.l. 17 (2). 
Lambeth Lib. xxv. 1.17 (1). 

One volume. 

S. John's College, Camb. 

Univ. Library, Camb. 
Bodleian, Douce. BB. 107. 
Bodleian, N.N. 8 Th. 
(wants title). 

Bodleian, Gough 147. 

Bodleian, Gough 121. 
Univ. Library, Camb. 
Bodleian, Gough 121 
Abp. Marsh Lib. Dublin. 
Abp. Marsh Lib. Dublin. 

Lord Beauchamp. 

Lord Beauchamp (bound 

with the preceding). 
Bodleian, Gough 146. 



* The Hymns are bound before the Sequences but are dated later nonis Martiis. 
dated xv. calend. Martii anno secundum Romanam Curiam M.cccccn. 



The Sequences are 

C2 



XXIV 



HYMNI SARUM, CUM NOTIS. 



Date. 


Size. 


Contents. 


Place. 


Printer. 


Owner. 


1515 


4to. 


H. 


London 


W. de Worde j 


Bodleian, Gough. 146 b. 
(imperf.). 


1515 ) 




S. 


London 


W. de Worde 


Eev. G. C. Fenwicke. 


1515* 
1518 

1519 


4to. 
4to. 

12m. 


H. S. 
H. 

S. 


London 
London 


W. de Worde 
W. de Worde 
impensis Michaelis An- ) 
gier \ 


S. John's College, Oxon. 
Brit. Museum. (Maskell.) 

Lambeth (xxiv. 8. 11). 


n. d. 
n. d. 
n. d. 


4to. 
4to. 
4to. 


H. S. 
?H. 
H. S. 


Antwerp 
s. 1.' " 


M. Hoochstratan 

(imperf.) 


Lambeth Lib. (xxv. 1. 18). 
Lambeth Library (no. 21). 
Bodleian, Gough 163. 



Hymni Sarum cum Notis [musicis]. 



Date. 


Size. 


Contents. 


Place. 


Printer. 


Owner. 


1518 j 
Jan. 10 j 


4to. 


120 h. j 


Sold in ) 
London \ 


impens. F. Byrckman ■ 


Queen's College, Oxon. (186 
folios, wants 1 — 16). 


1518 ) 
Nov. 5 \ 








{ 


New Coll. Oxon. (secundum 


4to. 


122 h. 


Rouen 


Jac. Cousin 4 


exemplar Parisiis impres- 
sum), V. 15. 9. 


1524 


4to. 




Antwerp 


Endouin 


Bodleian, B. 21. 15. Line. 


1524 


4to. 




Antwerp 


Endouin 


Bodleian, Gough 124. 


1524 


4to. 




Antwerp 


Endouin 


Bodleian, Gough 165. 


1525 


4to. 




Antwerp 


Byrkman 


Brit.Mus.Maskell(imperf.). 


1525 ) 
May 31 \ 




122 h. 


Antwerp j 


Chr. Endoviensis impen- 
sis Fr. Brickman 


Exeter College, Oxon. 


1541 


4to. 




Antwerp 


Ruremond 


Bodleian, Gough 116. 


1541 










S. Edmund's Coll. Herts 


1541 




Brit. Museum. (Maskell.) 


1555 


4to. 




London 


Kingston and Sutton 


Brit. Museum. (Maskell.) 


1555 










Bodleian, Gough 4. 
Bodl. 4to. H. 20. Th. Seld. 


1555 











LEGENDS. 



Date. 


Size. 


Place. 


Printer. 


Owner. 


cir. 1500 

1518 
1518 
1518 

1518 


small folio 

folio 
folio 
folio 

folio 


{ Paris or ) 
| Rouen \ 
Paris 
Paris 
Paris 

Paris 


[several fragments] 

Hopyl. impensis Byrkman 
Hopyl. impensis Byrkman 
Hopyl. impensis Byrkman 

Hopyl. impensis Byrkman 


H. Bradshaw, Esq. 

Bodleian, Gough 28. 
Bodleian, M. 1. 3. Th. Seld. 
Univ. Lib., Camb. Sel. 2. 16. 
{ An imperfect copy, belongs to 
{ Mr Toovey, 177, Piccadilly. 



Jnne 14 and June 8. 



XXV 



A LIST OF PRINTED COPIES OF THE 

PICA OR DIRECTORIUM SACERDOTUM 

SARUM. 



Dates. 


Size. 


Printer. 


Place. 


Owner. 


[1477-8] 


4to. 


Caxton 


Westminster 


British Museum (fragments). 


[1487] 


fol. 


Caxton 


Westminster 


British Museum. 


1488 


4to. 


Gerard Leeu 


Antwerp 


S. John's College, Cambridge. 
Bodleian, Auct. 2. i. 5. 8. 
Bodleian, 8vo. D. 1. Th. BS. 


[1489-90] 


foi! 


Caxton 


Westminster 


Bodleian, Auct. 22. supra i. 7. 


1495 


4to. 
4to. 


W. de Worde 




British Museum. 
F.H.Dickinson, Esq. (imperf.). 


[1496-9] 


4to. 


W. de Worde 




H. Bradshaw, Esq. 


1497 




B. Pynson 


London 


British Museum. 


1498 


4to. 


K. Pynson 


London 


Lord Spencer. 


1501 


?8vo. 


E. Pynson 


London 


Eipon Cathedral. 

Brit. Mus.(Cranmer's), imperf. 


1503 


4to. 


E. Pynson 


London 


Bodleian. Gough 142. 


1503 ) 

31 August \ 


4to. 


E. Pynson 


London 


Magd. Coll. Camb. 
Pepys 1700 


1504 ) 
23 Feb. \ 


4to. 


W. de Worde 


London 


Bodleian. Gough 149. 


1508 


4to. 


Pynson 


London 


Bodleian. Gough 111. 
Bodleian, 4°. S. 33. Th. Seld. 



The Pie was incorporated in the Sarum Breviary at least as early as the 
quarto edition of the Portiforium by W. de Worde in 1509. We have seen the 
statement that the Pie appeared in later times in a Primer printed in London 
by J. Wayland in 1555. 

As an intermediate step W. de Worde had printed in 1507 a Breviary with 
the Pie of each part as a supplement which might be purchased separately or 
bound with the volume. 

Our thanks are due to Mr Bradshaw and Mr Dickinson for help in 
forming the foregoing list. 

We find it expressly asserted in the running titles of the printed Breviaries 
that 'Pica sive Directorium Sacerdotum' was the usitatum vocabulum for the 
Ordinate ecclesiae Sarum Anglicanae. The title Directorium Sacerdotum seems, 
from his own account, to have originated with Clement Maideston. The colo- 
phon of the Breviary of 1525 — 6 supplies another alias, Ordinatio de Tempore. 

1 Ordinale Sarum siue directorium sacerdotum quod pica vulgariter dicitur ' (title) ' quem 
pica Sarum vulgo vocitat clerus' the Animadvert end urn which speaks of a verum Ordinale 
Sarum by which that edition (Dec. 1504) has been corrected by Mr Clarke. 



XXVI 

It may, however, be found convenient (in accordance with a hint from the 
Rev. J. R. Lunn) to limit the word Ordinate to the earlier MS. books of rules 
which were reduced into the order of the calendar in the black and red pied 
Pica, wherein those rules for the concurrences and occurrences of festivals, &c. 
were to be found in their proper place according to the almanac. 

The Ordinarium mentioned in our title-page (see p. ) seems to have been 
another matter, the Or do Breviarii. 

The following is the text of Caxton's placard concerning his Sarum Pies for 
sale at the red pale in Westminster. It is taken from the facsimile in Mr 
J. Power's Handy-Book about Books from the Bodleian (Douce) original: 

If it plese ony man spirituel or temporel to bye ony pyes of two and thre comemoracios 
of salisburi vse enpryntid after the forme of this preset lettre whiche ben wel and 
truly correct, late hym come to westmonester in to the almonesrye at the reed pale 
and he shal haue them good chepe „ * # * 

Supplico stet cedula 

The three Commemorations of Sarum use, which are mentioned in the fore- 
going advertisement and in the 15th century ms. (see p. xxx.) of the Pie 
and its later editions, were, according to the argument of the late Mr Seager 
(Portif Sarisb. I. p. xliv. cf. n. i, xlii, xlv, lv; Add. et Corr. p. x.), one of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary, another of S. Osmund, and the other of S. Thomas (Becket) 
of Canterbury : but whether the Act of the Provincial Synod of Canterbury held 
under Roger Walden (while Arundel was in exile) in a.d. 1398 (see Wilkins' 
Concilia, III. 235, comparing in. 376) does not require us to change the days 
assigned by Mr Seager to the two last, the learned are hereby invited to de- 
termine. The weekly commemoration of S. Thomas was then at least (in 1398) 
ordered to be kept 'sub regula Commemorationis Festi Loci 1 on Tuesdays 'die 
Martis si convenienter id fieri poterit, alioquin alia die Iiebdomadae. It may 
be added that S. Thomas was canonized (in the year 1173) three centuries before 
S. Osmund (a.d. 1495). However there was a movement in favour of the latter 
as early as 1228 1 . 

According to this supposition, the three weekly commemorations of Sarum 
Use 2 would be as follows: 

1 Wilkins' Concilia, i. 475, 562. The missa de S. Osmundo is found in the Sanctorale of 
several Sarum Breviaries (a.d. 1509, 1515, 1544, 1555, 1557) at July xvi., the feast of his 
Translation. Concerning the two yearly feasts of S. Osmund it was noted as follows in 
1518 : ' Translatio S. Osmundi [Jul. xvi.] est synodale celebratum, ejus tamen Depositio [Dec. iv.] 
celebratur per totam provinciam CantuariensemJ' 

2 The Commemoration of S. Chad (p. 319) may have been used in Lichfield, and that of 
S. Etheldreda (p. 557) in Ely. These are found in Breviaries of 1509 and 1515. 

The 2nd and 3rd commemorations of York were SS. Peter and Paul, and S. William of 
York: those of Hereford Use were S. Ethelbert King and M., and S. Thomas of Hereford 
Bp. and Conf. In each Use the first or Saturday Commemoration was S. Mary's. 



XXV11 

Prima Commemoratio: of the Blessed Virgin Mary, kept if possible on Saturday (sabbato). 
Secunda Commemoratio : of Saint Osmund of Salisbury, kept if possible on Thursday 

(feria quinta). 
Tertia Commemoratio: of Saint Thomas of Canterbury, kept if possible on Tuesday 

(die Martis,/ma tertia). 

Three (or two) such commemorations were observed every week (in the 
manner indicated in the Temporale, for the first and second week in Advent, 
on p. 315 of the Psalter ium* , and, according to Mr Seager, in the Translation 
of S. Osmund in the Sanctorale for 16th July) in Cathedrals and at least in the 
more strict or aspiring parish choirs, except in certain important weeks and 
seasons of the ecclesiastical year which are gathered by Mr Seager (i. xlv.) from 
the Pie. Moreover it would frequently happen that one or other of the three 
would have to be omitted pro hac vice, or to be shifted to another week-day if one 
were vacant in the same week, in favour of some saint's day, fast, or vigil. In 
these changes S. Mary's commemoration was always left if possible on its own 
Saturday, or shifted to some other day of the week, while the third commemora- 
tion (i.e. the saint of the Church's dedication when it was not S. Mary's) was 
the first to vanish under the order 'nihil de Hi. (or tertia) commemoratione.' A 
considerable part of the Pie, as will be seen, is occupied with these adjustments 
of the three commemorations for each week. 

The service ' in Commemoratione S. Osmundi ' with three lessons is found in 
the Sanctorale between the office of his Festum or Translatio and that of his 
Octave, in the Breviaries of 1516, 1531, 1544, &c. 

The following specimen of Caxton's Pie may be interesting, and may throw 
some light on this difficult subject, as it contains the expression ' secunda com- 
memoratio.' It will suffice to shew the reader how a book could be at once a 
* pye of two and three commemorations.' 

From the Directorium printed by Caxton about 1489 : 

* Sextum F. Littera dominicalis F. , primo die decembris tota cantetur historia ' As- 
piciens', memoria de octabis et de sancta maria. 

Feria ii. de feria cum missa dominicali. 

Feria iii. de festo loci. 

Feria iiii. de sancto Osmundo, ix lectiones vnius confessoris et pontificis. 

Feria v. de secunda commemoratione. 

Feria vi. de sancto Nicolao, Invitatorium triplex, ix lectiones. 

Sabbato de sancta Maria et memoria de octavis cum missa in capitulo. 

Ubi fiunt tres commemoraciones, in iii. feria fiat una: et missa 'Salus populi' dicatur 
in ii. feria.' 
1 See also in the present volume, the sections de Commemorationibus in the Tabula de 
Festorum Divisione, pp. 467 — 469 : also pp. 49, 360, and the rubrics of the Plenum Servitium, 
pp. 291, 296—301, 304—314. Compare also the Temporale (our vol. i.) pp. xliv, lxvii— 
lxxi, lxxxi, lxxxix, xciii, xcv, mcxcv, mcxcvii, mccxli, mccxci, mcccx, mcccxx, mccclxii ; and 
the Sarum Missal (Burntisland) p. 17, notes. 



XXV111 

The Antwerp edition by Leeu (1488) had given a different rule in the follow- 
ing points : 

' Feria iii. de feria, cum missa • Salus populi.' 

Feria iiii. dicuntur Eesponsoria ferialia cum missa ejusdem feriae. 

Feria v. de festo loci.' 

Wynkyn de Worde in 1495 followed Caxton's edition. In his edition of 
1504 de Worde has the following variation : 

• Feria v. de feria, Epistola et evangelium de iiii. feria.' 

All the rest as in Caxton (or 1495) except that the rule for 'Salus populi' 
is put above under 'feria hV, and nothing is said about 'Missa dominicalis,' as 
though three commemorations w r ere the rule and not the exception. 



XXIX 



PSALTER 

(WITH SARUM AND YORK HYMNS). 

Further enquiry will probably shew that several of the following must be 
eliminated from the list, which should contain Breviary Psalters only, to the 
exclusion of such Psalteria Davidica ad vsum ecclesiae Sarisburiensis as Kingston 
and Sutton's psalms (in numerical order) canticles and litany printed in 1555 
without hymns, which is found in the Pepysian Library at Cambridge and at 
Lincoln Cathedral. The last entries in the list of Breviaries and Antiphoners 
should be observed. 



Date. 


Size. 


Use. 


Place. 


Printer. 


Owner. 


1499 


8vo. 




Westm r . 


W. de Worde 


Lord Spencer. 


*1504 
20 May 
(1505) 


|l6mo. 


S.Y. 


London 


W. de Worde 


Univ. Library, Cambridge. 


8vo. 


S.Y. 


London 


R. Pynson 


Bodleian, 8vo. Rawl. 990. 


1506 


4to. 


S. Y. 


Paris 


Bretton 


Bodleian, Gough 104. 


1506 










Bodl. A. 2. 18. Line. 


1516 


8vo. 


S.Y. 


Paris 


Byrkman 


Brit. Museum. (Maskell.) 


1516 


4to. 


S. Y. 


Paris 


Byrkman 


Bodleian. Douce. B.B.141. 


1516 


4to. 


S.Y. 


Paris 


F. Birckman 


S. John's Coll. Cambridge. 


1516 


8vo. 


S.Y. 


Paris 


Byrkman 


Bodleian. Douce. B.B. 26. 


1516 
Feb.22 


| 4to. 
12mo. 


S.Y. 


Paris 


Byrkman 


Trin. Coll. Dublin. 


1522 


S. 


Paris 


Byrkman 


Bodleian, Gough 66. 


1522 


4to. 


S.Y. 


Paris 


Byrkman 


Bodleian, Gough 126. 


1522 




S. Y. 


Paris 


Byrkman 


S. Nicholas Ch. Newcastle. 


1522 


4to. 


S. 


Paris 




Univ. Library, Cambridge. 
Univ. Library, Cambridge. 


1522 


folio 


s. 


Paris 










( 


exp. et sumptibus ho-) 


1522 


4to. 


S. Y. 


Paris J 


nesti mercatoris Fr. 1 
Byrckman ) 

Byrkman 


Lambeth (95 c. 12). 
Univ. Coll. Oxon., bound 


1522 




s. 


Paris 


with ms. (horae), xxv. 5. 


1524 


12mo. 


S.Y. 


Antwerp j 


Ruremond, sumptibus j 
P. Kaetz \ 


Bodleian, Gough 60. Im- 
perfect. 


1524 


12mo. 


S.Y. 


Antwerp 


P. Kaetz 


Brit. Museum. (Maskell.) 


1524 


8vo. 


c. hymnis 


London 


Pynson 


Abp. Marsh Lib. Dublin. 


1530 


12mo. 




London 


Renis 


Bodleian, Gough 53. 


1530 


8vo. 


S. 


London 


Renis 


Bodleian. Douce. B.B. 8. 


1535 


4to. 


S. 


Paris 


Regnault 


Bodleian, Gough 175. 


1541 


24mo. 


S. 


Antwerp 
Paris 




Univ. Library, Cambridge. 
S. Mary's Vicarage, Marl- 
borough 


1551 


8vo. 




vidua Kerver 


1553 


8vo. 


s. 


Paris 




Univ. Library, Cambridge. 
Univ. Library, Cambridge. 


1555 


12mo. 


s. 


London 


A. Kitson 


(1555) 




s. 


London 


per Ant. Kitson 


J. F.F. Horner, Esq.,Mells. 


1555 


12mo. 


s. 


London 


Kitson 


Bodleian, Gough 61. 


1555 ? 


12mo. 


s. 


London 


Kitson 


Rev. G. C. Fenwicke. 


(1555) 


8vo. 


s. 


London 


T. Mar she 


Bodleian, 8° C. 42. Line. 


n. d. 


8vo. 


S.Y. 


Paris 




Oriel. Coll. Oxon. 


n. d. 


12mo. 


S.Y. 




[wants title] 


Brit. Museum. (Maskell.) 


n. d. 


folio 




Paris 


Byrckman 


Univ. Lib. Camb.(no title). 


n. d. 


4to. 




... 


[wants title] 


Rev. H. J. Hotham. 



Called in the title-page 'Liber Soliloquiorum.' 



XXX 



It may be as well to add here a list of two or three manuscripts, derived 
partly from Mr Coxe's Oxford Catalogue of mss. of the Colleges. 

Antiphonale (Temporale et Proprium Sanctorum) xiii th century, University Library, 

Cambridge. 
Hymni Saeum (Osney), xv th century, St John's, Oxon. ms. lx. 
Ordinale Sarum, xv th century (210 folios), Corpus Christi, Oxon. xliv. 
Extracts from an Old Ordinal, late xm th century (4 folios), St John's, Oxon. cc. (30). 

Consuetudinarium Ecclesiae Norwycensis, a monastic (Benedictine) Calendar and 
Ordinale, Corpus Christi, Cambridge. Parker ms. 465. 

Psalterium cum Collectis Hymnisque Sarum, xv th century, University Coll., Oxon. vii. 
Breviarium Sarum, University Coll., Oxon. xxii.; Balliol Coll., Oxon. cccxxi. 

P. Hyemalis, early xv th century, St John's, Oxon. clxxix. ; 

Totum, Peterhouse, Cambridge ; 

, xiv th century, Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, formerly belonged ' to 

the chapell of Gunvyle Hall,' wants Temporale and part of Psalter. 

, St John's College, Cambridge, ms. F. 9. 

, latter half of the xv th century, St John's College, Cambridge, ms. H. 13. imperf. 

, (Norwich) Clare College, Cambridge. 

, (Clare Hall) late xiv th century, University Library, Cambridge. 

, (King's College) late xiv th century, University Library, Cambridge. 

, a.d. 1435, University Library, Cambridge. 

Diurnale, a.d. 1440, University Library, Cambridge. 

Pica Sarum (' Begula de omnibus historiis inchoandis. Pica pro tribus commemora- 
tionibus. Crede Michi.' 96 folios.) Brit. Mus. Add 1 . 25,456. 



XXXI 



SARUM BOOKS: 

TITLES, COLOPHONS, &c. 



We append here some notes partly bibliographical containing transcripts 
of titles and colophons, and collations of various copies, which have been 
furnished in the main by residents at Cambridge and Oxford. 

They will be found to relate to the following books. 

Antiphoner. 

Troper, with some paragraphs by Mr Bradshaw on tropi and sequentiae. 

Expositio Sequentiarum. 

Expositio Hymnorum. 

Psalterium cum Hymnis (Liber Soliloquiorum). 

Hymni cum nota (i.e. with music). 

Legendse. 

Breviary. 

Antiphonale. 

(See p. xxii.) 

1519. P. H. (Wake Archives, Christ Church Oxon.)\ 

Title. Fortuna opes auferre : non animum potest. 
[A picture in three tiers.] 

Antiphonale ad usum ecclesiae Sarum-politissimis imaginibus decora- 
tum. (Pars Hy emails, 268 folios. Psalterium 77 folios; and Commune 
Apostolorum tempore paschali 2 . 

Colophon (after ' S. Etheldred«e virginis.') Finis Partis Hyemalis. 

Impressum est hoc praeclarum opus in alma Parisiorum academia per 
Wolffgangktm Hopylium impensis Francisci Byrckman civis Coloniensis 
anno post incarnationem Do?nini millesimo quingentesimo decimo nono. 

1 The account of this volume has been kindly supplied by the Eev. Canon W. Ince, 
Eegius Professor of Divinity at Oxford, through the Eev. C. W. Boase. 

2 The British Museum copy (obtained from the College of St Cuthbert at Ushaw, 
in the county of Durham) printed on vellum, has no Psalter, but the Proper of Saints 
in winter (S. Andrew to S. Etheldreda), 77 folios. 



XXX11 ANTIPHONALE. 

1520. P. E. British Museum. 
'This second volume of the Salisbury Antiphoner was found during the 
present year (1855) among a number of old books put away in a loft over 
a stable near St Johns Wood.' (MS. note by Mr W. Maskell). 
(i) fol. ii. De Sanctissima Trinitate. 
fol. lxviii. Dedicatio Ecclesiae. 

(The rubrics and the Pie are beautifully printed.) 
Toni — neupma (sic). Benedictiones. 
fol. lxxi. Finis partis Estivalis. 
(ii) Calendar. (S. Thomas very slightly marked with ink: 'papa' 
scratched or rubbed out). 

Psalterium ad decantanda in choro officia ecclesiastica accommodatissi- 
mum secundum, vsum ac ritum ecclesiae Saram una cum directorio psalmo- 
vum per singulas cadewtias atqzte puwctuationes ad limam distinctorum : 
omnibus presbyter is utile atqwe accommodura. 
Si cupis eximias p^ . , Ducit ad aethereos 

Christo depromere laudes . , mewtem psalmodia tractus 

Quae cecinit psaltes , -■ Et vehit ad superas 

cantica sacra cane pectora nostra domos. 

Fortuna opes auferre : non animum potest. 

fol. i. verso. The preface, 'Brianus Row omnibus praepositis ecclesi- 
arum quae sunt in Anglia et animarum custodibus salutem in domino 
sempiternam,' stating that the corrector was Dr John Sampson [vice 
provost] of King's College, Cambridge 1 . 

fol. cxci. ends Vigiliae Mortuorum. After which follows, 

Psalterium ad decantanda in choro officia ecclesiastica accommodatissi- 
mum, secundum vsum ac ritum sacrosanctae ecclesiae Sarum cum Hymnis 
Antiphonis et versiculis et Letaniis. Septem psalmis poenitentialibus, ac 
Vigiliis defunctorum : una cum directorio psalmorum per singulas cadentias 
atqwe punctuationes ad limam distinctorum: omnibus presbyteris atqwe 
insacris constitutis vtile atqwe necessarium. Absolutum in alma Parisiorum 
academia impensis honesti viri Francisci byrkmaw civis Coloniensis. 

verso. (The picture in three tiers.) 

(iii) Commune apostolorum tempore paschali. 
fol. 1. ends with Antiphona de beata Maria. 

Finit Commune Sanctorum. 



1 Dr Sampson was buried in King's Chapel. He died just after accepting Ringwood 
vicarage. Brian Row himself was of the same College. See Cooper's Atlienac Cantab, i. 



ANTIPHONALE. — OF TROPERS, ETC. xxxill 

(iv) Incipit pars aestivalis de Sanctis. Et primo de Stmcto Dunstano. 
ending fol. clxxviii. with Sanctorum Saturnini et Sisinnii martyrum. 
fol. clxxix. Hie incipiunt synodalia et provincialia norwicensis diocesis. 
(The Collect 'Oratio' for each is noted.) 

I David episcopi. 
Ceddae. 
Felicis. 

rs. Edmundi regis et inarfr/ris. 
Transit j Johannis Beverlad. 
I Dorainici confessoris. 
iFrancisci confessor is. 

Finis partis aestivalis. 
(verso) Colophon. 

Tmpressura est hoc praeclarum opus in alma Parisiorum academia per 
Wolffgangiwm Hopylium impensis Francisci Byrckman civis Coloniensis 
anno post incarnationem Domini millesimo quingentesimo vicesimo. 
fol. clxxx. (recto) blank. 

(verso) Antiphonarium ad vsura Saram volumes secundum., vulgo pars 
aestivalis nimcupatura. 

(Three-tier picture.) 
Venalis habetur Londonii a Francisco byrckman in cimiterio sancti Pauli. 



Of Tropers and Graduals. 



Sequences; and Hymns; and their Expositions. 

A Troparium is by rights the complement of the Graduate. 

The Graduale contains what may be called the Gregorian or Scriptural 
portion of the choral part of the Missale; the Introit and Psalm, Gradual 
and Respond, Offertory and Communion. 

The Troparium contains on the other hand the non-Gregorian or non- 
Scriptural additions, which having been most fully developed in the far 
west, and having been crushed out, at least the most extravagant elements 
of them, by, if not before, the thirteenth century, no separate Troparia 
seem ever to have been written after that date, the matter which was left 
being always contained in Graduale. 

The Sequences (words or prose set to the prolonged notes of the repeated 
Alleluia before the Gospel) and a few of the farsings to the Kyrie and 



xxxiv SEQUENCES. 

Gloria in excelsis still are to be found in the Sarum books as we have 
them 1 . 

But of the genuine Tropi or farsings to the Introit, and the similar 
expansions of the Sanctus and Agnus Dei &c., all trace seems to have been 
swept away by the thirteenth century. 

It is of course to these farsings of the Kyrie that we owe our Ten 
Commandments in our present Communion Service. No one acquainted 
with the barbarous Kyries found in the English Missals can wonder at our 
reformers substituting something more practical while they grudged the 
destruction of the old familiar form. 

The fact that this sort of expansion has no counterpart in any service 
books which have their home nearer head-quarters (i.e. Rome; St. Gregory 
being the immediate author of the skeleton of our service) has always ren- 
dered it difficult for those accustomed only to Roman service-books to 
appreciate or even understand the very existence of such excrescences 2 . 

The number of Sequences formerly in use in the west was very consi- 
derable. After Daniel had collected upwards of four hundred (chiefly from 
German sources) Dr Neale found and printed in his Sequentiae ex Missali- 
bus (Parker, 1852) one hundred and twenty-four antient ones beside, which 
he derived mainly from English and French Missals. They appear to have 
been all composed in or after the tenth century. The date of the death of 
Notker Balbulus of St Gall (who first developed the thought of setting 
words to the cadence following or flowing from the repeated Alleluia) is 
fixed in Baring Gould's Lives of the Saints at 6 April, a.d. 912, just a cen- 
tury later than Dr Neale supposed. 

At the revision of the Roman Missal in the latter half of the sixteenth 
century four ' Sequentiae' only were allowed to remain; the Dies irae by Tho- 
mas of Celano (pro Defunctis), Lauda Sion Salvatorem composed by Thomas 
Aquinas, a.d. 1264, (in festo Corporis Christi), Veni Sancte Spiritus by 
Robert II. of France (in Pentecoste), and Victimae Paschali laudes immo- 
lant Christian^ ascribed to Notker. Nevertheless it will be seen from the 
note below 3 that away from Italy even in the seventeenth century several 

1 See for instance the Gloria in excelsis farsed (' cum farsura* as it is styled in 
Caxton's pie) with Spiritus et alme, on p. 483 of this volume. 

2 Mr Bradshaw of King's, the University Librarian, has kindly furnished this brief 
summary, which bears upon certain points about which much uncertainty seems to 
prevail. 

3 In an Appendix (headed ' Proprium Festorum Ordinis Minorum ad formam Officii 
novi redactum') to a Koman Missal printed at Paris (by P. Billaine, and sold or 
published by Nic. de la Vigne) in 1623, there are inserted 'Ob nonnullorum pascendam 
devotionem...quaedam devota cantica super Kyrie eleison. canenda, sed nullo modo 



SEQUENCES. XXXV 

lingered on in the appendix under the name of Prosae, beside the four 
authorised Sequentiae in the body of the book. 

But to revert to Sequences in England. 

There is a MS. Troper (11th century, Winchester), in the Parker 
Library at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. Also there is one of the 
12th century in the British Museum; and one of the 13th or 14th (formerly 
belonging to St Patrick's, Dublin) in the Cambridge University Library. 

In the 10th or 11th century anglican 'troper' (Bodleian MS. 775) 
which is the subject of Appendix IV. in the second volume of the York 
Missal printed for the Surtees Society, ninety Sequences are enumerated. 
It has been described by Mr Maskell {Mori. Pit. i. xxxix. — xli.), and by 
Dr Rock {Church of our Fathers III. part ii. 20 — 28). 

Of the 94 Sequences printed in the Sarum Missal (Pitsligo Press edition, 
part iii. index iv.) 1 only a small number are included in the Breviary 



sunt de ordinario seu usu Romano. Et primo super tono festi majoris duplicis, Eyrie 
tons bonitatis, pater ingenite, a quo bona cuncta procedunt, eleison,' etc. 

There are five of these farsed Kyries, ' Kyrie cum farsura, or (as it appears in the 
Missals) cum Versibus; the word eleison occurring nine times in each, though the 
number of verses in two of them is eleven. Three of these Parisian farsed Kyries (viz. 
Kyrie fons, Cunctipotens and Orbis factor, hut not Kyrie virginitatis, or Rex virginum) 
are to be found among the nine Sarum ' Cantus super Kyrie eleison,' in the (Burntisland) 
Missal, p. 928. The Hereford Missal (Surtees Society, 1874) p. xxxviii. has Rex virginum 
and fifteen others. 

The said Appendix concludes with sixty-five 'Prosae pro voto celebrantium dicendae 
vel omittendae.' Two others, namely, Dulcis Jesus (see below, p. 549), and Ad te 
confugimus (of S. Genovefa), as well as the rhymed 'Tractus' commencing Dulce nomen 
(see below, p. 551), had already occurred in the votive masses in the same Parisian 
Appendix, all under the name of prosae. 

1 Of the ninety -four Sarum ' Sequentiae,' four are printed in the foot-notes to the 
Pitsligo or Burnt-island edition of the Sarum Missal; viz. Corde lingua, Dulcis Jesu 
memoria, Nunc laetetur, and Virgo vernans. Beside these, Altithroni vestigia appears 
in the index, although it is not printed as a separate ' divisio' in the text. However 
Jesu pulcher in decor e is so printed, wherefore we might couut it as the ninety- fifth. 

Dies irae, Mulier laudabilis, and Proloquium altum are styled ' prosae.' 

Also there are the following rhythms in the same index: 

Tractus. A te praeco, Dulce nomen, Gaude sancta Genovefa. 

Alleluya Versus. Angele medicinalis, Armagile scandens, Diadema spineum, Dulce 
+ cordi f nomen, Dulce lignum, Felix corpus, Felix virgo, Mater mirijica, Solve jubente 
Deo. 

Gradale. sancte Sebastiane, Praeco fulgent, 

[Gradale Versus. Virgo Dei genetrix, p. 864. Missal.] 

Offertorium. Christum cruce, Fortis prceco, Martyr egregie. 

Communio. De cruce depositum, Gabriel, Per lignum, Vera fides. 

Hymni Sacerdotales. Presbyter in Christi mensa. Veni Creator Spiritus. 



XXXVI SEQUENTIARUM TABULA. 

(eighteen sequences and one tract will be found in our index to the 
second Fasciculus of the Sarum Breviary) and moreover it is with the 
hymns that we are more strictly concerned. 

However it seems hardly possible to speak of the one of these two kinds 
of spiritual songs, without referring to the other. And it is right at least 
to record the publication of school editions of each with a running ex- 
position of the text. This 'expositio' or paraphrase was printed after the 
manner of a gloss, in smaller type between the lines of each hymn or 
sequence, and it now suggests memories of the l Ordo' in the Delphin 
Classics. 

Interpretations of Sequences by Hermannus Torrentinus, Johannes 
Adelphus and Jodocus Clichtovoeus are mentioned by Br Neale as having 
been printed on the continent early in the 16th century, and Mr Coxe has 
catalogued the following MS. which more nearly concerns us. 

Expositio Troparii Sarum a T. Haume (MS. seel. xv. ineuntis) Magd. 
Coll. Oxon. cxv. 185. 

As to the contents of these collections we find in a volume in Lincoln 
Cathedral Library (printed, according to the old Catalogue, by R. Pynson 
in 1498, though he printed only the appendix or supplement to each part, 
and no date is given) one hundred and eighty-two in all, viz. 69 sequences 
with a supplement of 4 proses, 89 hymns and 20 in the appendix. 

The total of hymns thus given (109) is smaller than the number contained 
in the 'Anglo-Saxon Hymnarium' (Surtees Soc. vol. xxiii.) where it ap- 
pears that there were from 131 to 153 Latin hymns in English MSS. 
written soon after the Norman Conquest. Fifty-four ' of these hymns do 
not appear in the Sarum Breviary, while on the other hand we count at 
least four-and-twenty Sarum Breviary hymns for which we look in vain 
in these antient MSS. of the eleventh century. 

We append the indexes of Sequences and Hymns from the Expositio 
thus adapted at Pynson's press in the hope that they may be found useful 
for the purpose of collation. 

Sequentiarum tabula. 

Alma chorus Domini Ave Maria 

Ave mundi Ave praeclara 

Aurea virga Adest nobis dies 

1 One of the 54, namely, « Inventor rutili' does, however, occur in the Expositio 
Hymnorum Sarum as may be seen below. It is the 5th Hymn of Prudentius (' ad 
incensum cerei paschalis ') and belongs to the Missal or the Gradual rather than to the 
Breviary. 



SEQUENTIA1UJM ET HYMNORUM TABULA. 



XXX VI L 



Ad celebres rex 
Alleluya nunc 
Alle caeleste nee non 
Benediota sit 
Caeleste organum 
Celsa pueri 
C/nisti hodierna 
Concinat orbis 
Congaudentes 
Christo inclito 
Die nobis quibus 
Eya recolamus 
Epiphaniam Dei 
Eya musa 
Eya gaudens 
Exultemus in hac 
Ecce pulcra canorum 
Fulgens praeclara 
Gaude jocunda 
Hac clara die 
Hodiernae lux diei 
Jubilemus omnes una 
Johannes Jesu 
Jerusalem et Syon 
Laudes Salvatori 
Lux jocunda 
Laudes Deo 
Lauda Syon 
Laetabundus.. 
Laudes Crucis 
Laetabundus.. 
Laus devota 



Cum jucundus 
Begem regum 



Magnus Deus 

Mane prima 

Mirabilis Deus 

Missus Gabriel 

Mittit ad virginein 

Nato canunt 

Nunc luce 

Organicis canamus 

Odas hac in die 

Prome casta 

Post partum virgo 

Qui regis 

Quam dilecta 

Regnantem 

Rex Omnipotens die hodierna 

Resonet sacrata 

Salus aeterna 

Sonent regi 

Solenne canticum 

Sancti Spiritus assit 

Sacrosancte hodierne 

Stola jocunditatis...Vincentium 

Solemnitas S. Pauli 

Salve crux 

Sancti Baptistae 

Sacerdotes Christi 

Stola j ocunditatis . . . Laurentium 

Testamento Veteri 

Victimae paschali 

Verbum bonum 

Zima vetus 



Appendix Sequentiarum (Pynson). 



Celebremus in hac die 
Veni mater gratiae 



Benedicta semper sit 
Dulcis Jesus Nazarenus 



A Itissima providente 
Cenam cum discipulis 
Clare sanctorum 
Virginis venerandae 

Beside the above, the following Sequences are in the index of the 
Sarum Missal (Burntisland). 



Sequences not in the above lists, but con- 
tained in the Breviary as well as in the 
Missal. 



Alma cohors una 

[Altithroni vestigia] 

Corde lingua (Missal, a.d. 1498) 

Dies iste celebretur 

Dulcis Jesu memoria (ex Gradali) 

Gaudeamus [in] Messia 

S. B. 



Genovefae solemnitas 

In hac die laetabunda 

In honore Salvatoris 

[J&su pulcher in decore, p. xxxv. n. 

Jubilemus pia mente 

Laude jocunda rnelos 

D 



XXXV111 

■am ■! 



HTMXORUM TABULA. 



Mm 

S 
a.d. 1496 Jfce.) Yeiii i 



::.:■• ,: :-:■, ... 




HyXSORCM TABULA- 







HYMXORUM TABULA. 



XXXIX 



Splendor paterae e 

Summae Deus clementiae 

Sanctorum meritis 

Summi largitor 

* Salve festa dies 

Sermone blando. A. II. 85 

Te lucis ante 

Telluris ingens 

Tu Trinitatis Unitas 

Tu Christe nostrum gaudium. 



A.H. 91 



Tibi Christe f qui est splendor 

Verbum supernum. . . exiens 

Vox olara ecce 

Veni redemptor gentium 

Vexilla regis 

Veni Creator 

Urbs beata 

Virginis proles 

Ut (meant laxis 



Hymxorum auctuarium (Pynson). 



* Sacris solemniis 
*Pange... corporis 

* Verbum supernum. 
*Caelestis forma 

* sator rerum 

* nata lux 
*Exultet cor 

* Jesus dulcis 

* Jesu auctor 
*Festum matris 



dexteram 



*Mundi salus 

* Ave mater Anna 
*In Annae puerperio 

* salutaris fulgens 

* Felix Anna 

* Collaudemus Magdalenae 
*^Estimavit /tortulanum 

* Maria noli flere 
Beata nobis gaudia 
*Christi miles... Vincentius 



Other editions of ' Expositiones ' vary in their contents as follows : 

a.d. 1502 (Hoochstratanus) Seq. 70 + Proses 2 = 72. Hymns 110. 
„ 1502-3. Seq. 77. Hymns 110. 

„ 1510 Seq. (72 + 4) = 76. Hymns (86 + 20) = 106 f. 

„ 1515 Seq. 76. Hymns 60. 

The Psalter (Liber Soliloquiorum) 1504 gives 1 York Hymn, viz. Alma 
chorus, Domini, and Sarum Hymns 1 28. 

And again the 'Hymni Sarum' or hymnals-noted, without expositions, 
give a different total : 

a.d. 1518 Hymns 122. 

„ 1518-19 Hymns 1 20 1 

„ 1525 Hymns 122. 

The Hymnal Noted of a.d. 1518 — 9 (see p. xlvii.) contains all the hymns 



* The hymns marked with an asterisk are not in the Anglo-Saxon Hymnarium. 
It will be seen that the only hymn in Pynson's appendix which is found among the 
'Anglo-Saxon Hymns,' is the hymn for the second vespers of Pentecost, Beata nobis 
gaudia. The only modern hymn in the Hymnal Noted of 1518 is the ' Sacris solemniis'' 
of Aquinas. ' Lcetabundus ' is really a sequence. 

t The table or index (which we have not verified) gives a different result, viz. 110. 

X The index gives 121 hymns, but ' Salvator' is given twice. 

2)2 



xl TITLE-PAGES AND COLOPHONS OF HYMNS AND SEQUENCES. 

in the two lists immediately foregoing (excepting l Gloria, tans' and 'Sal re 
festa'); it has the following in addition : — 

Antra deserti teneris. A. II. 103. Jam bone pastor Petre 

Aurea luce et decore Impleta sunt. A. II. 78. 

Bina caelestis auhie *Laetabanctafl exultet 

Bartholomee caeli sidus Mathia juste duodeno 

Beate Simon et Thadee Thoma Cbristi perlustrator 

Claro pascbali gaudio. A. II. 86. nimis felix. A . II. 104. 

Doctor egregie Paule Tristes erant apostoli. A. II. - 

We believe that in the Breviary of a.d. 1531 there will be found to be 
contained 129 or 130 hymns and 18 sequences beside 2 proses. The index 

of hymns may contain also a few more first lines, inasmuch as the second 
part of a hymn was sometimes sung separately, for which reason such 
second parts will appear in our catalogue as though they were integral 
hymns. 

TlTLE-PAGF.S AND COLOPHONS OF HyMXS AND Sl\H'KNCES. 

(Lincoln Cathedral Library. K. 5. 18). 
A. (i) 
Title 

Expositio sequential^ »i | secundum vsum Sarum. 

(Woodcut of a teacher and four boys.) 
No date,/t)//(f lxii., the 42nd folio is erroneously marked 'xlv.' Signa- 
tures A to A\ ending after 'Funnismi angliee smook | Finiuntur sequential 
cum notabili | oommento secundum vsum Sarum,' with the Tabula which 
we have given above (omitting the folio references) on pp. xxxvi., xxxvii. 
Then follows in Pynson's large type, 

A. (ii) 

Incipiunt expositiones Yvosavum sen Sequentiarum in presedentibus 
detieientium, &C. 

G pages. The folios are not marked, but the signature is Z, in con- 
tinuation of the previous section which we have described as 'A. (i).' 
At the end is printed the name of 

Li chard : pynson 
(with his monogram and plate; no date"). 
There is no tabula to this appendix of four proses (for the Visitation of 

B. Y. Mary, for the Octave of the same, for the Transfiguration and the 
Name of Jesus, We learn from Campion and Beamont's Frayer-Book 
Interleaved that the feast of the Visitation was first instituted by Urban VI. 
a.d. 1389, and the institution confirmed by a decree of the Council of Basle, 
1 July, 1441. We find, moreover, in Wilkins' ConeUia (in. 613) that the 
Archbishop of Canterbury received from the prolocutor, A.n. 1480, a re- 



TITLE-PAGES AND COLOPHONS OF HYMNS AND SEQUENCES. xl 

commendation for the observance in his province of the Visitation ' sub 
more duplicis festi secundum usum Sarum cum pleno servitio,' as well as 
of the 'depositio' of SS. Osmund and Frideswide and the translation of 
S. Etheldreda 'cum regimine chori, ix lectionibus/ and that the archbishop 
undertook to confer with his suffragans on the matter. 

B. (i) 
Title 

Expositio hymnorum | secunditm vsum Sarum 
(the wood-cut as in A. (i) above). 
No date, folia Hi., the last folio not being numbered. Signatures a to i, 
ending with a tabula, which we have given (without its folio references) on 
pp. xxxvii., xxxviii. 

Then follows, in Pynson's larger type, 
B. (ii) Signatures a, b, in eights. 

Sequuntur hymni quam plures in precedenti libro | deficientes, Et 
primo de venerabilissimo sacramen | to eucharistiae. i. corpus christi. 
There is a tabula, see p. xxxv. 
At the end is printed the name 

Bichard : pynson 
(with his monogram and plate : no date). 
\ {$$ Expositio Hymnorum (Exeter Coll. Oxon. wants folios i. — v.). 
(Colophon). 

Explicit liber qualis scilicet hymnorw/ra | 
super omnia bene emendati et impres | si per 
Wynandum de worde moranti in | Westmonasterio. 
Anno domini m.cccc. | nonagesimonono. Mensis 
Februarii. | Die sexto. .*. .*. . 
\ ' I J Expositio Sequentiarum. (Exeter Coll. Oxon.) 
fol. i. In the border is Caxton's device as adapted by W. de Worde. 
(verso). Expositio sequentiarum | Secundum vsum sarum. 

(The picture of a master with three pupils before him.) 
last page. finis imprimitur. Anno, m.cccc. 

(sic) lxix ix. xvii. Die Martii 

folio lv. verso. Tabula Sequentiarum (contains 77; the last being 
l zyma vetus expurgent fo. xii '). 

finis sequentiarum. Secundum vsum | Sarum. 
Sic finitur .*. 
15 Feb. 1502-3. (Queens' Coll. Cambridge). 

Expositio sequentiarum secundum vsum Sarum 
Diligenter recognita et aucta. 



xlii TITLE-PAGES AND COLOPHONS OF HYMNS AND SEQUENCES. 

With the Epistle: Jodocus Badius Ascensius studiosae et morum 
honestorum et litterarum sanctarum anglicanae pubi salutem. 
Colophon. 

C. Sequentiarum seu prosarum secundum usum Sarum in ecclesia An- 
glicana per totum annum cantandarum diligenterque correctarum et per- 
quam familiariter expositarum cum argutioribus vocabulorum interpreta- 
tionibus : impressarum autem Parrhisiis decimo quinto calendas martii : anno 
secundum romanam curiam millesimo quingentesimo secundo. optatus ad- 
est finis. Deo dicamus gratias. 

Tabula (77 sequences) C Finis. 

C Ad lectorem. 

Splendidum pulcri specimen libelli 

Lector inspectans : animos faventes 

Sume : boudino merito reponens 

A Era Joanra 1 . 

7 Mar. 1502-3. (Queens' Coll. Cambridge). 

Expositio hymnorum totius anni secundum usum Sarum : diligewtissime 
recognitorum multis elucidationibus aucta. 

With an Epistle : Jodocus Badius Ascensius majoris Britanmae juve- 
nibus cum morum turn virtutum studiosis salutem dicit. 

Colophon. 

C Habes lector explanationes hymnorum secundum, usum (ut dicunt) 
Sarum diligenter castigatas et auctas: et tersissime in inclyta Parrhisioruw 
Lutecia ab Andrea Bocardo impressori solertissimo rursus impressas : aere et 
impendio optimi bibliopolae Joanwis balduini seu boudins : explicitas nonis 
Murtiis anno domini m.ccccc. secundo. Deo sint gratiae Amen. 

Tabula (110 hymns) 2 . 

Sequences. 2 May, 1505 (Lambeth, xxv. i. 17. (2)) 4to. 

Title. 

Expositio sequentiarum secundum vsum Sarum diligenter recognita et 
aucta. 

Colophons. 

Londonii per Julialum Notarii impressarum in vico anglice nuncupato 

1 The volume contains 55 leaves. 

2 This volume likewise contains 55 leaves. This edition of Sarum Hymns and 
Sequences was reprinted, apparently for use in the Northern Province, for Gerard 
Wansfort of York by Peter Violete of Rouen, 15th July, 1507, with a title-page and the 
verses, &c. very slightly altered. See Dr Henderson's Preface to the Surtees Society's 
York Missal, vol. n. p. xvii. 



TITLE-PAGES AND COLOPHONS OF HYMNS AND SEQUENCES, xliii 

the Temple barre. Anno millesimo quingentesimo quinto die. ii. mensis 
maii expositio finit. 

fl This Inpryntyd at London without Temple bar in Saynt Clements 
parysshe be me Julyan Notary. Dwellynge at the sygne of the thre 
Kynges. 

In fours and eights. 

Hymns, circa 1505 (Lambeth, xxv. i. 17. (1)) 4to. 

Title. 

f[ Expositio hymnorum totius anni secundum vsum Sarum : diligen- 
tissime recognitorum multis elucidationibus aucta. 

(verso) The letter '{[ Jodocus Badius Ascensius maioris Britaniae 
inuenibus' as in the edition of 7 March, 1502-3; the date of the letter is 
'Ex officina nostra Parrhisiensi ad decimum calendas martias, anni pro 
calculo romano. M.cccccn.' (See p. xlii.) 

Colophon. 

C This Inprynted at London without Temple bar in Saynt Clements 
parysshe be me Julyan Notary dwellynge at the sygne of the thre kynges. 
In fours and eights. 

St John's College, Cambridge. 

A. Title 

Expositio hymnorum Secundum vsum Sar?/7/» 

(wood-cut of a monk before a desk). 

Contains 110 hymns : no date or colophon. 

B. Title 

Expositio sequentiarum 
(wood-cut as in 'A'). 
Contains 76 sequences. 
Colophon. 

Sequentiarum seu Prosarum secundum vsum Sa- | rum : in ecclesia 
anglicana per totum annum cantandarum [ diligenterqwe correctarum 
finem ecce felicem. Impresses Londonum per me Ricardum pynson Im- 
pressorem no- | bilissimae Regis gratiae commorantem in vico appellato 
| the Flete strete ad signum georgii. Anno m.ccccc.vi. | Sexto die mensis 
Januarii. 

1515, 8 June. Sequences (S. John's Coll. Oxon.) 

Expositio sequentiarum totius anni seewwdwm usum Sarum diligentis- 
sime recognitarum multis elucidationibus aucta. Impressa Lowdini per 
Wynaralum de Worde in parochia santoe Brigidc&e in vico anglice nuncu- 
pate (the fletestrete) ad signum solis co//imorantem. 



xliv TITLE-PAGES AND COLOPHONS OF HYMNS AND SEQUENCES. 

Colophon. 

Sequentiarum seu prosamm secundum usum Sarum in ecclesia Angli- 
cana per totum annum cantandarum diligenterqne correctarum et perqnam 
familiariter expositarum : cum argutioribus vocabulorum interpretationibus 
linis. London per Wynandum de Worde impressarum in vico anglice 
nuncupato (the fletestrete) ad signum Solis commorantem. Anno doraini 
millesimo quingentesimo decimo quinto. Die vero octavo mensis Junii. 
Ad lectorem. 

Splendidum pulchri specimen libelli 
Lector inspectans : animos faventes 
Sume Wynando merito reponans 

A Era de worde. 
(53 pages, containing 76 sequences). 

1515, 14 June, Hymns (S. John's Coll. Oxon.) 

Expositio hymnorum totius anni secundum usum Sarum diligent issime 
recognitornm multis elucidationibus aucta. Impressa Londini per Wynan- 
dum de Worde in parochia sanctae Brigidae in vico anglice nuncupato 
(the fletestreete) ad signum Solis commorantem. 

(54 pages, 60 hymns). 

Colophon. 

Habes lector explanationes hymnorum secundum usum (ut dicunt) 
Sarum diligenter castigatas et auctas. Impressas Londinii per Wynandum 
de Worde Commorantem in vico vulgariter nuncupato (the Eletestrete) 
sub intersignio Solis. Anno domim. millesimo quingentesimo decimo quinto 
quarto decimo die mensis Junii. 

Sequences [Hoochstratanus] (Lambeth xxv. i. 18 (2)). 

Title, in an architective compartment, 
d Expositio sequentiarum totius anni secundum vsum Sarum diligentissime 
lecognitarum multis elucidationibus aucta. Et venundantur in oppido 
Londoner In cemiterio sancti Pauli. 

Quarto, folios numbered to xlix., beside one on which the Tabula is 
printed. 

Hymns. (Lambeth, xxv. i. 18.) 

Title, in an architective compartment, 

{[ Expositio Hymnorum totius Anni Secundum vsum Sarum diligen- 
tissime recognitorum Multis elucidationibus aucta. CL Impressa Antuerpiae 
psr me Michaelem hillenium Hoochstratanum. 

Quarto, folios numbered to 1. 

There is no colophon. 



TITLE-PAGES AND COLOPHONS OF PSALTERS. xlv 

Having said so much about the school-editions of Sequences and 
Hymns we proceed to two other classes of books wherein Sarum Hymns 
are contained; the Psalteria cum Hymnis Sarum et Ebor. and the Hymni 
cam notis or nota. 

The former consist of the Psalter of the Breviary, and their contents is 
for the most part identical with the first part of the present volume, with 
the addition of private devotions for the clergy or religious persons. 

The following notes may give a clearer description. 

Psalters. 

a.d. 1504. (Cambridge University Library.) 16mo. 

(Title). 

Liber Soliloquiorum 
Wynkyn de Worde. 
After the Psalms arranged according to the breviary order. 
These lines are given with slight variation and addition in the De horis 
canonicis attende diligenter prefixed (from the Portiforia) to our Temporale 
volume. They are quoted also in the antient Statutes of Lincoln Cathedral. 
Cum Domino psalles : psallendo tu tria serves 
Auscultando cane bene perfer desine plane. 
^Signature 'S.') C Sequuntur hymni per totum annum dicendi in ves- 
pe?-is & matutinis secundum temp?£S cui corapetuwt ordinari: vesperarwm 
matutinarum & laudum ordine relicto ad usum Sarum et Eboracensem. 

f[ Dominica i. adventus dommi Hy mnus, Conditor 

(Signature z. iii.) f[ Incipit tabula hymnorum in hoc libro contentorwm 
secundum vsum Sarwm et Eboracensem per ordinem alphabeti. Et primo 
incipiendo ab A. 

(129 hymns in the index ( Alma chorus' alone being rubricated as being 
'secundum vsum Eboracensem 1 .') 

Oratio devotissima dicenda ante vel post psalterium. 

(Colophon). 

f[ Hoc praesens psalterium vna cum tabula: necnorc cum hymnis 
secundum vsum Sarum et Eboracensem supradictis finit Impressum in ciui- 
fcate Londomettsi per winandum de worde : commorawtem in the Fletestrete 
ad signuwi solis. Anno dommi m.ccccciiii. 

1 It will be observed that this hymn (which seems to belong to Dunstan's age), 
though once considered peculiar to York, appears among the Sequences of Sarum Use. 
It found its way into the Sarum Breviary for the Compline of Whitsuntide ; see fasc. n. 
p. 236. 



xlvi HYMNI CUM NOTIS. 

1516. (St. John's Coll. Cambridge.) 

(Title). 

Psalterium cum Hymnis | secundum, vsum et comuetudinem | Sarw?>i 
et Eboracensem. (Woodcut signifying the Holy Trinity and the four 
Living creatures.) 

The last leaf but one, containing the latter part of the 'Tabula Hym- 
norum/ has been cut out in this copy, and with it the colophon if there 
was one. 

On a device on the last page is the printer's name, 

Franciscus Birckman. 

(below) Anno domini 1516. 

Dr Wood observes that 'Maskell {lion. Bit. I. p. xxxvi.) is not quite 
correct when he says that this edition "attaches Psalms 118 — 120 to the 
hours of the second day, without any further direction" — direction being 
given by dropping all mention of any day of the week in the headings 
from folio 87 verso to folio 95 verso? 

We pass now to the Hymns with music. 

Hymni cum Notis. 
5 Nov. 1518. (New College Oxon. v. 18. 9.) 

Title. 

Hymnorum cum no- | tis Opusculuwi diurno seruitio per | totius anni 
circulum apprime ne- | cessarium : et ad coracinnentium corcfor- | tationera : 
secundum Usum insignis ec- | clesiae Sarisburiensis nouissime secundum 
exemplar Parisius impressum optimis caracteri- [bus elaboratum ac ad 
limam redactum. 

Venale habetur Rothomagi in aedihus Ja- | cobi cousin in atrio atqwe 
ante atrium bibliopo- | larum maioris ecclesiae. 

(Mr Driver describes the book as a small sized quarto about 6 in. x 5 in. 
containing 188 leaves. It has, according to the index or tabula at the end, 
122 hymns. 

Of these the following are set to two tunes each ; 

A patre unigenitus. Ecce jam. 

Ad cenam agni. Nocte surgentes. 

Aurea luce. Salvator mundi. 

Annue Chris ti. Ut lucis ante. 

Claro paschali. Ut queant laxis. 

Doctor egregie. 
The following to four tur each: — 

Deus tuorum. Rerum Deus. 



J 



HYMNI SARUM. xlvii 

Jesu corona. Rector potens. 

Martyr Dei. Sanctorum meritis. 

Nunc sancte nobis. 

Five tunes apiece are given to 

Exultet caelum. Iste confessor. 

Jam bone pastor. Virginis proles. 

Six tunes to 

Jesu Redemptor. Rex gloriose. 

And as many as twenty-four are assigned to 

Jam lucis orto sydere. 
The remainder have one tune each.) 

Colophon. 

Anno domini millesimo qum- | gentesimo decimo octavo | Die vero 
quinta men- | sis Novembris. 

Hymni Sarum. 

10 Jan. 1518-19. (Queen's Coll. Oxon.). 8 in. x 5f in. 

(Title with 16 folia, signatures A. B., missing.) 
fol. clxxxvi. Tabula hymnorum secundum ordinem alphabeti. (121 
hymns with music. See p. xxxv.) 

Colophon. 

f[ Ad dei omnipotentis gloriam: beatae marine semperque virginis 
laudem et omnium sanctorum et sanctarum honorem et concinnentium 
confortationem editum est hoc hymnorum cum notis opusculum per totius 
anni circulum diumo seruicio apprime necessarium secundum usum insignis 
ecclesiae Sarisburiensis iam nuperrime impressum ac extrema lima politum. 
Impensis praestawctisimi viri Francisci byrckman. Anno domini millesimo 
quin gentesimo xviii die vero x Januarii. 

^[ Yenale habetur Londoniae ab eodem in cimiterio sancti pauli apud 
scolas novas. 

31 May, 1525. (Exeter Coll. Oxon.) 

Hymnorum cum notis | Opusculum, secundum vsum insignis ec- | clesiae 
Sarisburiensis : diurno seruitio, per to- | tius anni circulum apprime neces- 
sariuw | et ad cowcinnentnm confortationem, | nouissime iam Antwerpiae : 
plu J rimis quidem eliminatis | mendis, typis ex- | aratum. 

Ima permutat | brevis hora | summis [device of 'Francisc Birckman']. 

Impensis honesti viri Francisci | brykman ciuis Coloniensi's. 



xlviii HYMNI SARUM. 

This device is printed in capital letters; the last folio is numbered 
* clxxxv.' 

(Musical notes throughout. Index with 122 hymns.) 

Colophon. 

Explicit hymnorum opusculum ad vsum | insignia ecclesiae Sarisburiem^ 
diurno seruitio | apprime necessarium : nouissime iam ad con- | cinnentium 
confortationem, Antwerpiae per | Christophorum Endouiensem, impensis 
Fra?&- | cisci Brickman ciuis Coloniensis impressum | Anno M.ccccc xxv : 
Maij ultimo. 

(verso.) Plate of ' Christophorus Endouiewsis.' 



LEGENDAE SARUM. 



The beautiful volume which bears the foregoing title contains the 
Lectionary, that is to say, the lessons, as they appear in the Great 
folio Breviaries of 1516 and 1531, merely separated from all the other 
parts of the services which in those breviaries are combined ; saving only 
the benedictions to the lessons at mattins, as on our p. 459 below. 

The edition of Legendae or lessons (whereof five copies are mentioned 
on p. xix), is the only printed edition of which we have heard or read. 
We shall proceed to describe it presently. It appears to have belonged to 
the same series of folio service-books as the Antiphoner of the years 
1519 — 20 which was printed at Paris, likewise for Byrkman by Hopyl, 
and the Breviary printed in 1516 for Byrkman at the University of 
Paris. 

The existence of the singers' part and the readers' part in the separate 
volumes of antiphoner and legend-book as well as in the general breviary, 
was a matter of common sense which has its parallel in these our days 
of easy printing no less than in the earlier times of saint Osmund and his 
scribes. 

A summary of facts about the lectionary of more primitive times is 
given in Dr Campion and Beamont's Prayer-Booh Interleaved. 

"With regard to the system, arrangement and selection of the lessons in 
the medieval period we may hope yet to learn a good deal. 

As to their length, Mr Bradshaw has shewn us at Cambridge a manu- 
script lectionary (formerly in use at Norwich) where the regular lessons 
are marked in the margin, some distance before their proper conclusion, 
with directions to slop here and read the rest in the refectory. This shews 
that the craving for a shortened lectionary was not peculiar to our own 
generation. And we find that the portions in the common breviaries or 
portiforia are considerably reduced' from those of the folios of (1496) 1516 
and 1531 ; so that instances may be found where three long lessons are cut up 
into nine short ones, the original responds being retained although perhaps 
the narrative to which they allude was no longer to be read. 



1 LEGENDAE SARUM. 

The unsatisfactory condition into which the lectionary had degenerated 
in the XVIth century was noted by Quignon the Spanish Cardinal in his 
Breviary, which appeared in 1536 under the patronage of Clement VII., in 
the following passage of which we have a clear echo in the Preface (' Con- 
cerning the Service of the Church ') in our English Book of Common Prayer, 
&c. : 

' Sed factum est nescio quo pacto precantium negligentia ut paulatim 
a sanctissimis illis veterum patrum institutis discederetur. Nam libri 
scripturae sacrae qui statis anni temporibus legendi erant more majorum 
(ut est in monumentis Gelasii papae et concilii Romani septuaginta episco- 
porum) vix dum incepti omittuntur in alio Breviario. Turn hystoriae 
sanctorum quaedam tarn inculte et tarn sine delectu scriptae habentur in 
eodem, ut nee auctoritatem habere videantur nee gravitatem. Accedit tarn 
perplexus ordo tamque difficilis precandi ratio, ut interdum paulo minor- 
opera in requirendo ponatur quam cum in veneris in legendo.' 

It is stated near the end of the * Defensorium Directorii? appended to 
the Directorium, that there were in the Sarum Legendae then in use two 
hundred lessons which were superfluous and otiose. The question had 
arisen, ' Qualiter vel quo modo omnes lectiones de biblia extractae sunt 
legendae?' and it had been formally answered by the Sarum authorities 
'quod omnes lectiones habent legi secundum titulationem feriarum et 
Dominicarum per totum annum.' In this however as in several other 
instances the ' modern ' Sarum folk were brought to book, i. e. to the vetus 
Ordinate Sarum, somewhat sharply by Clement Maydeston who showed 
in this case that ' lectiones de temporali per totum annum habent legi per 
ordinem.' Accordingly he concludes that : 

' Si quis faceret unam novam legendam de usu Sarum modo quando 
duae commemorationes communiter habentur et aliquando tres, et scribi 
faceret pro historia Deus omnium centum triginta sex lectiones pro 
dominicis et feriis, merito fatuus diceretur, cum absque dubio septuaginta 
lectiones sufficerent ad plenum pro historia ilia secundum verba ordinalis 
praedicti, et secundum veram experientiam. Nam audeo amrmare quod 
in legenda Sarum, in diversis historiis, ponuntur ducentae lectiones quae 
nunquam fuerunt lectae, nee in futurum erunt legendae in ecclesia Sarum. 

1 Conclusio finalis : Omnibus praemissis sagaciter et diligenter pensatis 
consultius et melius fere dinoscitur sequi verba ipsius ordinalis, legendo 
per totum annum omnes lectiones de biblia extractas secundum ordinem 
lectionum, non secundum titulos et rubricas Dominicarum et feriarum, 
neque per saltum. Quis vero fuerit qui distinctiones lectionum et titulo 



LEGENDAE SARUM. li 

earum, vel qua auctoritate fecerit usque hodie ignoratur. Melius est enim 
certum tenere quam incertum sequi.' 

This comment about the folly of printing more lessons than were 
required is contained in the Defensorium as it appears at the end of the 
Pies of (Leeu) 1488, (Caxton) 1488—9, and (W. de Worde) 1495; but not 
in that of the year 1497 (by the last-named printer). The Aberdeen 
Breviary (a.d. 1510) is content with 62 lessons to complete the ' Historia 
Deus Omnium 1 ' or selections (1 Sam. i. — vii. 2) from the Hystoria Begum; 
but our Sarum Breviary of 1531 indulges in 120 lections for that 'history,' 
extending to 1 Sam. i. — xvii. 57. This portion of the 1st book of Samuel 
supplied the lessons for the first and second nocturns of all the ordinary 
Sundays from the 2nd Sunday after Trinity to the end of July or the 
beginning of August, as well as the lessons for the mattins or single 
nocturn of each week-day in that period which was not occupied by a holy- 
day or commemoration with special lessons. 

The lessons for the third nocturn of each Sunday were supplied other- 
wise, viz. de Expositions Evangelii, that is to say, from selections from the 
Sermons or Commentaries of the Fathers or Ecclesiastical writers upon the 
Gospel of the day. These lessons doubtless were appointed in order to 
prepare the mind to understand the Gospel which would be read at mass 
the same morning. 

We learn from Sicardus and Durandus that in the Xllth and Xlllth 
centuries some differences of opinion and custom had arisen in the Church 
of Rome and elsewhere as to the order and distribution of the Gospels, &c, 
for the Sundays in Advent and those after Pentecost. This difference is 
attributed to the doubt which for some time prevailed about the selection 
of one Lord's day for a special commemoration of the Blessed Trinity, and 
to the fact that the number of Sundays between Pentecost and Epiphany 
is not constant. Moreover the introduction of Corpus Christi with an 
octave must have tended in the Xlllth century to increase the disturbance 
of the allotment of Sunday services. 

However the Church of England has received and still retains the 
Sunday Epistles and Gospels for the summer season arranged as they were 
in the Sarum (and Aberdeen) books and in the Comes or antient Roman 
lectionary (printed by Pamelius in 1571, and by him falsely attributed to 
S. Jerome on the authority of the Xlth century Micrologus). The Aber- 
deen book agreed with the Sarum in the arrangement of the Gospels after 

1 These Histories receive their title from the first words (not of the selections 
themselves, but) of the first Eespond which follows the first lesson, and they lend 
their title to the seasons at which they were read. 



Hi LEGENDAE SARUM. 

Trinity, as the Parisian corresponded with the modern Roman order of the 
Gospels after Pentecost. But in selecting the exposition for any Sunday 
Gospel these four Uses show their independence each of the other. For 
instance, on St Mark viii. 1, the Sarum Breviary (7th S. after Trinity) 
and the Aberdeen (7th Trin.) take passages from Augustine; the Parisian 
(6th S. after Pentecost) selects from Basil, and the Roman (6th Pent.) 
reads Ambrose. Again, for another Gospel (St Matt. v. 20) Sarum and 
Borne select the same passage from Augustine. Aberdeen goes to another 
part of the works of the same Father, while Paris chooses Chrysostom as 
expositor for the occasion. For yet another Gospel (St Luke v. 1) Sarum 
is singular in her preference for the venerable Bede. And so on through 
all the variations. 

1518. Leg en dae Sarum. Folio, 
(i) Title, like that of the folio Breviary of 1516 (see pp. iv., v.) with two 
lines at the bottom 

{[ Legende totius anni tarn de tempore | 
quam de Sanctis secundum ordinem Sarwm. 
Temporale. 

Advent to the Trinity Histories (inclusive). 
Dedicatio Ecclesiae (octave). 

fol. 210. C Finit temporale feliciter. 
(ii) In natali unius martyris...plurimarum virginum Wenefredae 
virginis. In commemoratione sancti Thomae martym lectiones per totum 
annum. 

( < Doriniente...gloriam querebat. Tu [autem].' cf. Brev. n. pp. 315, 
316.) 26 folios. A. et B quaterni, G quinternus. 

(iii) Proprium Sanctorum. Andreas, ult. Novemb....29 Nov. Satur- 
ninus et Sisinnius. S. Wenefred (repeated). Benedictiones Matuti. 

Signatures A,B... X, A A, BB, CC. (C est quinternus ceteri quaterni). 
(Colophon). Legendae festiuitatum tarn tempo | ralium quam sanctorum 
per totum | annum secundum ordinationem ec | clesiae Sarum. Impressae 
Pa- | risiis per uuolfgangum hopy | lium. Impensis honesti viri | Fraw- 
cisci byrckman ciuis Colo- | niensis. Anno domini m.ccccc.xviii. 
Sic jungendi sunt codices [as collated above]. 



CHURCH OF ENGLAND 



A1117 BX 

— ^r 



Sarum breviary 



5m^ 

• CM