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433, ATo/e.— Henry Advms, the ancestor of 
many families in this country, came, about 1630, to 
Mount Wollaston, now Quincy, but originally a 
part of Boston. He was from the county of Devon- 
shire, in Eni;land, where he bnrieil his wife. Eight 
sons accorai>anieil him to 3Iassachusctts, one of 
wkom, Joseph, settled in Braintree, Henry, Jona- 
than, Peter, and Edward, in Medfiehl, and two in 
Chelmsford. The other returned to the land of his 

Joseph Adams, whose wife was Mary Baxter, 
daughter of captain John Baxter, of Braintree, had 
three sons, Joseph and Peter, wh(; spent their days 
in Braintree, and John, wixo removed to Boston. 

Joseph Adams, grandson of the first mentioned 
Henry Adams, whose wife was Hannah Bass, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Bass of Braintree, had five sons » 
1. rev. Joseph Adams, who, having been the pastor 
of the church in Newington, New Hampshire, for 
fiixty-eight years, died, in t7o3, at the age of 93 
years ; 2. capt. Ebenezer Adams, of Braintree 

S. deacon John Adams, of Braiutree; i. Josiah 
Adams, of 3lciidon ; i. Samuel Ad.ims, of Braiutree. 

Deacon John Adams, whose wife was Susanna 
Eoyiston, danghter of Peter Tioylston of Urookiiue, 
had three sons; 1. his excellency, John Adams, 
IjL. D. late president of the United States ; 2. Pe- 
ter Boylston Adams, esq, of ftuincy ; S. Klihu 
Adams, of Riindojph, formerly a part of Braintrec. 

His excellency, Tuhn Adams, late president of tiio 
United States, whose wife is Abigail, the second 
daughter of the late rev. William Smith of Wey- 
mouth, has had four children. 

1. Abigail, who deceased at (liiincy, 15 August, 
1F.1S, at the aee of forty-riiiht years, who was the 
wife of the hon. AVilliam Smith, of New-York, leav- 
ing three children, William Steuben, John Adams, 
and Caroline Amelia. 

2. His excellency, John Quincy Adams, LL.D. 
minister from the United States at the court Qf 
Knssia, w hose wife is Catharine Lonisa, a daughter 
of Joshua Johnson of Maryland, and whose children 
are George Washington, John, and Charles Francis. 

3. Charles Adams, esq. who deceased at New- 
York, 22 December, 1300, at the age of thirty years, 
whose wife was Sarah Smith, daughter of John 
Smith, of New- York, lea. ing two children, Susanna 
Boylston and Abigail Louisa Smith. 

A. Hon. Thomas Boylston Adams, of Quincy, 
whose wife is Ann, diin!?;hter of Joseph Harrod of 
Haverhill, iuid whose children are Abigail braitb, 

Klizaiieth Coombj:, Thomas Boylston, and Isaac 


439. Note. — The I'oilowing paragraphs are from 
a sermon on Ps. 112. 6, dcliverpd hy the rev. Peter 
Whitney, at the interment of the hon. Richard 
Ckanch, who died, 16 Oct. 1811, at the age of 
eighty five, and of his consort, nirs. M akv Ck anch, 
wlio died, on the succeeding day, at the age of 
seventy years. 

" The honourable Richard Crancii was born at 
Kingsbridge in England, in October, 1726. He was 
descended from reputable parents, who were of tiiat 
class of christians called Puritans. Accordingly, 
the son w-as early instructed in the great principles 
of religion, and had continually before him an ex- 
ample of strict adherence to the practice of the gos- 
pel. The religious sentiments of his parents were 
of a more rigid cast, than to meet hi« cordial recep- 
tion ; but their piety and sincere attachment to 
what they conceived to be the truth were always 
the subject of his admiration. iV.t the age of nine- 
teen he left his native country and embarked for 
America. Upon his arrival here he resided for 
several years in Boston, and soon became acquaint- 
ed with some of the most distinguished characters 
both among the clergy and the laity. AVith the ce- 
lebrated df. Mayhew he was pecnliarly intimate. 
He statedly attended upon his preaching, and in a 
short time becoiue a member of his ciiurch. His jcind 


vvss naturally vigorous ami comprcLcnsive, ihoughl- 
iiii and inquisitive. His fiiemlbliip was therefore 
sought by the wise and virtuous, and in thtir society 
lie laid n foundation for an honourable and useful 
career. His (acuities were continually improving 
by all the advantages, which books and the conver- 
,<ation of the intelligent could imijurt. Though he 
was not favoured witii the privilege of an early 
classical education ; yet by unwearied application 
he soon acquired a conii)ctent know ledge of those 
languages, which are taught in the university. 

" With all the sciences he had a general acquaint- 
ance ; but his taste led him principally to the pur- 
suit of that most important of all sciences, the 
knowledge of God, of his works, and dispensations. 
Christian theology airested his first regards. The 
study of the holy scriptures was his most delightful 
employment. To ensure the greatest success in 
his inquiries into tliis sacred volume he ai)plied 
himself to the study of the original languages, in 
which the Old and New Testaments were written. 
AVith the truth of the christian religion founded 
upon the prophecies of scripture he was forcibly 
impressed. This impression led him to a course of 
reading, which might throw liglit on this interest- 
ing portion of the bible. Those prophecies especi- 
ally, in which the character of the great apocalyj)- 
tic beast, or antichrist, is described, and which have 
generally been considered as applicable to the 
church of Rome, he digested into a system in some 
respects peculiar to himself. The outlines only of 

this system have been {;iven to the publick. It is a 
subject of deep regret vvitii many tliat he could not 
be prevailed upon to present to the world the whole 
of his learned and ingenious theory. They, who 
are conversant with prophecy, and have listened to 
an exposition of his scheme, have beea struck witk 
its merits, and pressingly urged its publication. 

"In seveiiteeu hundred and fifty he left Boston, on 
account of the destructive prevalence of the small- 
pox, and came to this place, then known by the 
!North Parish of Braintree; Here he resided a 
short time, and had his relation transferred from 
doctor Mayhew's church to this. Circumstances 
soon led him to remove from this town to Wey- 
mouth. Accordingly he obtained a dismission fVom 
this church to the church of Ciuist iii that place, 
and with that church he stood related till ihe period 
of his decease. During his res'idence iu Weymouth 
be formed that conjugal relation, which through a 
long life has been a source of the most exalted hap- 

" Being induced in the course of providence to 
make another remove be returned in a few yeui-s to 
this town ; and, with the exception of residing one 
er two years in Salem, and a few more in Bt)Ston, 
he continued here through the residue of his days. 

"His talents and his virtues soon recommended 
him to the confidence of the people. He was repeat- 
edly chosen to represent the united parishes of Brain- 
tree in the general assembly of this state. He fre- 
Viuently received the suffrages of the people for scna* 


'lor ; un<l was also aiipolrilod a jtiilRo of tiie court 
of coiiiinon picas for tlie county ef StiH'ulk, wliick 
ollirc he heltl till the (livinun of the county. The 
fidelity anil iiitcHi;^once liedisjiliiyed in all the trusts 
committed to him are uiiiverpally known. 

" Imj»resscd witli a conviction of his merits, the 
university at Cambridge conferred upon him aa 
honorary degree. He was also elected a member of 
t"he American Aciulemy of Arts and Scienccg, ani 
his rcjiutation has been continually rising. 

" Among nil his excellencies his piety perhaps 
was the most prominent. The profoundest venera- 
tion of the supreme Jehovah pervaded his life. He 
ftlt in every action that he was in the presence of 
God, and accountable at his tribunal. In his family 
devotions he was uncommonly fervent ; and in his 
life were as few aberrations from the strictest integ- 
rity, as have ever marked the character of man. Oa 
the publickofiicei; of religion he was, until prevented 
by infirmity, a constant and serious attendant, and 
as a professor of Christianity he adorned the doc- 
trines of the Saviour. AVith him vice could find no 
shelter ; but was frowned with indignation from his 
presence. Though jilcasant and cheerful as a com- 
panion, hischeerfulness never degenerated into levi- 
ty ; nor in the moments of greatest relaxation did 
he forget his character as a christian. His convcr- 
fiation was replete with apposite and entertaining 
anecdotes, and with the richest fund of intelligence. 
The wise di lighted to mingle in his society, and 
eould always find some addition to their owji.treas- 
"Ures frooj the full stores o! his niind. 


*' With the clergy he was in the highest csliiUft* 
tlon. Having devoted a considerable portion o£ 
hi.s life to theological pursuit?, he might with propri- 
ety be denominated a sound divine. Few, even of 
the clerical profession, have ever surpassed him in 
their knowledge of christian theology. 

" Of his enlarged and comprehensive mind Cathol- 
icism was a natural consequence. Though not at- 
tached to the sentiments of those christians, who 
are considered as orthodox, yet he vic\rcd them with 
an eye of candour; and belicld, in every different 
shade of the christian faith, men of sincerity and 
real virtue. Apprized of his own imperfections he 
tiever erected himself into a standard for others ; 
but was willing to believe tiiat however widely 
christians might differ in their conceptions of the 
less important articles of tiieir faith, there might be 
in thein all that honesty and f.delity in their imiui- 
ries, which would recommend them to God. Every 
approach to bigotry his soul abhorred ; and he de- 
lighted to look forward, to that period, when the 
honest and upright of every country and of every 
religion would meet together in heaven. 

" Of the advantages resulting from the religions 
principles, in which he was early instructed, and 
from the publick avowal of the christian faith, 
which he made in youth, he was deeply impressed. 
For more llian sixty years, he observed in ray last 
conversation with him, for more titan sixty years, I 
hare fell lite xaliie of early religion, and of an early 
frtfcfsi'm af chriilianilj. At «. period, ip/jm ?),&- 


warhlhi ronsidcralions csnll he supposed to iiifliiciiee 
vi;i conduct, I viade a pitbtlck profusion of religion. 
I linre ntttr found reason to lament this part of my 
rcndncl. It has always (riiin inn pleasure on reflec- 
tion, and b,-i(:ktcns }n:i prospects into futurity.''* 

" Mrs Craiich was born in Wcynioulli, in Sep- 
tember. 1741. Slic was danghter of the rev. Wil- 
liam Smith, pastor of the first chnrch in tliat place, 
and she enjoyed the advantages of a pious education. 
Her mind, which was above tiie ordinary level, she 
liad highly iinjirovcd by reading, and tlic society of 
the wisp. Few of lier sex have surpassed iier io 
useful qualification?, anJ none perhaps in the vir- 
tues, which will be in everlasting remembrance. As 
a companion she was cheerful and entertaining, as a 
friend she was affectionate and failliful. In the re- 
lation of a wife and a nioiher she was every thing, 
that could be desired. She looked well to her house- 
hold, and her children have reason to call her bless- 
ed. The sick found in her a ready and consoling 
visiter ; and the [)Oor were made partakers of lier 

" As she had early made a pubiick profession of 
Keligion, so she endeavoured uniformly to live as tbo 
gospel tcaclicth. Hal)itually serious and devout, 
deatii and eterniiy were no strangers to her thoughts ; 
and she met the last enemy without a terror. Nev- 
er have 1 witnessed more perfect resignation, more 
triumphant hopes, more settled composure of mind, 
than she displayed in her last sickness. Sensible of 
her imperfections, she depended for r,a!vDtionon fh«^ 


niwcy of G.)J, tiiruir^h tlic Reileemrt-. Lvcry stop 
to the grave seeiuod to give a;lililional firmness to 
her faith, and fresh vigour to her hojies, and, as she 
oi Served in my last visit, it -appeared to her that she 
'.VIS daily conversant \vith other beings, and with 
another world. Heaven yeeuied to be already be^un 
in her soul ; and I doubt not she has received the 
api»robatii>n of her Judge; and will shine a.<i the 
hrightne-^s of the firmament, and as a star, forever 
and ever." 

Mrs. Cranch's mother was a daughter of the hou- 
fohn Guincy. .She w as the oldest sister of mrs- 
Vdams, consort of president Adams, and of rare, 
Peabody, consort of rev. mr. Peabody. of Atkinson, 
and formerly the cousortof the lale rev.JohnShaw, of 
Haverhill. She had cms brother, who died in early 
life leavhig a family of >rorthy children. 

Mr. and nirs. f'ranch were the parents of three 
r.hildren, the oldest of mIioiii was married to the rev, 
Jacob Norton of Weymouth, and departed this life 
before her mother, in 18! 1. The youngest daugh- 
ter is the wife of mr. Irhn Greenleaf, of Clulncf, 
Their only son, the lion. William (ranch, resides at 
his seat in the vicinity of Alexandria. He is su- 
preme judge of the di>trfct court of Columbia, and 
reporter of cases in the federal court of the Unit- 
ed States. 

The venerable jud.te Cranch had devoted 

nach time to the study (if the scriptures, and the 

result was a scheme in reference to the aparaliv'ic 

b'.ast, which embraces so much originality, aad is so 

rr:.-. I. — vgl. iir. P» 


liltle known, as to rcinlrr it n su italic and importsit* 
appendix to tiiis article. It is therefore given tn- 
lire as it was addressed to Lis son-in-law, rev. ur. 
Norton, 14 March, 11)10. 

" The Icrni beast in thcprophetick language, gener 
ally means some great over Ijcaring powt r on cartb, 
that afilicts and tyrannizes over tlie professors of 
true religion. And such a tyranny, when exercit«d 
over the church of Christ, has generally been called 
the reign of Antichrist. And christians in the sev 
pral ages of the church have been wont to apply the 
title to the various powers, who have persccuied 
thcni, from the times of the persecutions under the 
pagan Roman emjicrors, to the time of the tyranny 
of the Romish church, after the pope had obtained 
the proud title o{ xinicersal bishop, from Phocas the 
usurping emperor, in the year 606. From this lat- 
ter period protestants in general have r.grced to da 
the character of Antichrist on the Roman pontiti 
and his clergy, and suppose that it was foretold and 
described in the prophecy of Daniel, and in tht- 
book of Kavelatlons. 

" But, in opposition to this application of the 
title to a power, that profases to honour Chrict, end 
to have received all its authority from him ; it hnr 
been i-upposed by others tlat the character of Anti- 
christ ought rather to be looked for in some great 
tyrannical power that wolS juofcssedh/ in opposiliov 
to the christian religion, and so might literally b» 
termed A/iti Christ. It may not therefore be improp- 
er here to take a cursory view of the ancient cbri'^t- 
ian c'l'irclif^s that wfre ??ttlp<? bef'^^'C ^r"* nrVni^"''- 

Jeilgcil rise of Aiitichiief ; that so by comparing 
their former state witli their present, we may be 
lc<l, as it were, with an Arictdtie's due, to iliscover 
niiat that fatal power was, which could reduce so 
preat a proportion of the whole christian world to 
such an abject state of poverty, wrclcliedness, and 
slavery as that under which they now groan, and 
have already groaned for nearly twelve hundred 

" The great extent of countrj-, whose inhabitants 
formerly embraced the christian religion, and form- 
ed the numerous churches of ancient Christendom, 
may be coneidered under their several local divi- 
sions. At first we may cast our eyes ou Africa, 
and notice the great number of famous churches that 
•were formerly under the patriarchate of Alexandria; 
in one of which the great Augustiu was a bishop, 
and within whose bosom the learned Origen taught, 
with no common degree of celebrity, the principles 
of philosophy and religion. 

" Thence we may p;iss into Asia, the cradle of 
the human race, where first the Sun of righteous- 
ness arose with healing in his beams, and trace 
the numerous ruins of christian churches, that once 
flourished under the patriarchs of Jerusalem and 
Antioch, and view the noble remains of edifices con- 
secrated to tlie service of God, that are scattered 
over the Holy Land; many of which were erected 
by the piety of emperors and empresses in honour 
f)f the Saviour of the world. 
■■' From hence we may proceed to the Lesser Asia, 


wiiose seven churches onrc had the honour of bi-ini, 
ailihessedhy fliii), wlio was louud worlhy to o|'0). 
tho seals of the divine ^pcicilyjise ; liut u hose pris- 
tine grandeur can now only be traced in tlie incliiii- 
chnly tra'j:nier;ts of sculj.turrd marble and broken 
pillars sdatterod on the jrround. I .ven the church 
of tlie diseiple w horn Jesus loved is now convert- 
ed into a Turkish mosque. 

" Let us now {)a<;s over into F.urnpe, and visit 
Constantinople, once the glorious seat of the chris- 
tian einperorsand head of the christian world. Wliere 
are now its suj.crb churches ? "Where Ij the matchless 
fabrickof^t. Sophia? All, all are destroyed, or, what 
is worse, consecrated to the false religiou of Ma- 

" By the foregoing view of the state of ancient 
Christendom, may be seen Avhat a great proportion 
of all the original christian countries and churches 
have been overrun and enslaved by the Mahometan 
power, w hich has now continued for nearly twelve 
hundred years, to tyrannize over the poor misera- 
ble remainders of the christian churches. And froca 
the same view also arises a strong presumptive ar- 
gument that the great tyrannical power, spoken 
of by Daniel the prophet, under the character of 
the abominntion (f disulativn, or o{ the discrl, as the 
learned say it might be justly rendered, is no other 
than the great Mahometan tyranny, Avhich first 
arose in the desct-ts of Arabia. And here it deserves 
particular notice, as a matter of fact, that all the 
christian churches that are mentioned in the New 
Testament as having been planted by our hlcsse ' 


Lord and Ins apostles, excepting only the churcii 
that WIS gatliered ia the city of Rojiie, have been 
overrun and enslaved by the Mahoiuctan power, 
and continue under the same tyranny to this very 
day. But, to proceed from this general argument 
Ij some that me more particular, it may be observ- 

" 1. If the power, that was to tyrannize over 
the true followers of the Lamb for twelve hundred 
and sixty pmphetick days, or years, meant the per- 
fecutiag pouer of the popish church, as hr-s been 
.«cncrally admitted by protestants, it will be diffi- 
cult to find tlie propriety of addressing to the seven 
churches of Asia, tlie book of Revelations, in which 
that power is ?uppoted to be particularly described; 
as it is now known to us from history, that neither 
tiiey nor their posterity have ever been subject to 
the tyranny of the church of Rome. But if the Ma- 
hometan power was meant, then there was a pecu- 
liar fitness in addressing the book to them, whose 
posterity were among the first \ ictims of that over- 
whelming destroyer. 

'"2. If the persecutiiig power of tiie Romlj^h 
church was meant to be described by the great 
beast in the Apocalypse, it will be difScult to con- 
reive why St. John was carrieil by the spirit into 
the uilde'rness to see its rise ; where, it is said, he 
saw a woman sitting on a ?carlet coloured beast 
full of names of blaiphcniv, etc. If the tyrannical 
power of the Roman pontilf and his clergy was 


meant to be exhibitcil to ■•t. John in that vision, it 
aeciiLs as if nolbin^ ^iiort ofilip ride of contraries 
could i)ossibiy npicsenta power, thut conrtbMilly 
arose in the chiel'city of the grialci-t empire in the 
world, as arising in the uildtrntss, JJut if the Ma- 
hometan power be meant, tlien the vision is a true 
and literal representation of the fact , for that false 
prophet arose, and Lis lirbt armies were formed in 
Arabia Dcfcrta. 

" 3. That power in its rise is rcprp?.cnted in a 
moriiig posture. 1 he being mounted on a bea?t is 
for the purposeofbeinz carried to some other place ; 
and. accordingly, history inform.* us that ihc Ma- 
hometan or .Saracenick seat of go\"ernment was 
soon removed, from Medina in Arabia, to Damascus ; 
and afterwards to the city of Bagdat. on the bor- 
ders of the Tigris, near the site of old liabylin ; by 
which name also Bagdat is often called in ancient 
v/riters where it continued for several centuricx 
in great splendour. Whereas the Roman ;>',.nliff 
held his court always in the city of Rome where he 
first arose. 

" 4. It is well known, that after the fall of the 
Saracenick power at Eagdat, the Turks, who came 
from the north of Asia, beyond the Caspian sea, 
joining their countrymen, w ho had long been fettled 
in Turcumania and Persia, creeled a government in 
Asia Minor ; and having, before that time, embraced 
the religion of Mahomet, formed the Turkish em- 
pire that finally took Constantinople and destroyed 
the christian empire in the «ait. This Turkish enj- 


pire being formed on the same principles with tiiz 
Saraceiiick government, and built on tlie «anie au- 
thority of the Alcoran, was only a coiilinuation of 
the same ^lahonietan power and spirit that wore 
out tiie saints of the most High by oppre.-siu^, in 
the most cruel maimer, the christian churches, as 
it continues to do unto this day. 

"5. The tyrannical power and fatal iufiuenec of 
the false nrjphet, having at length arrived at the 
seat of the christian empire, and possessed itself of 
the la^t throneof the Koman Caesars, its catastro- 
phe only now remains. And this, from the prophetick 
description of it will aSbrd new evidence that Rome 
was not the seat of the jreat Antichrist. The city 
where the conquest of t^te christian empire was com- 
pleted by the Turkibh amoies, inspired by the in- 
vincible enthusiasm of the Mahometan religion, 
is represented in vision as tlie scene of their final 
destruction. This great city was exhibited to him, 
who saw the Apocalypse, as a place of great trade, 
commerce and navigation. Ami when the fatal 
moment arrived lor her final overthrow, the chief 
mourners over her are represented to be the mer- 
chants, ship-masters and sailors, and as many as 
traded by sea; who cried, when they saw the 
'•inokc of her burning, saying, alas ! alas 1 that great 
city, tchcrcin trhtre made rich all that had ships in the 
«•«, c/r. This description cunnot apply with any 
propriety to Rome, which never was noted for her 
navigation and commeixe ; but will ajipiy with the 
nost literal exactness to the city cf Cotistantiiio- 


pie, the head of the ?Iahonietan rdigion anil pow- 
tr, iiiul one olthe most imrcanlilc cities nf ike uurlJ. 
*' Thcf^o arc some of the reasons, ainoni; a gif^l 
many others that might be eiiumerHtcil. that liav. 
inchicecl me to think that tlie character of the Aiiti- 
christian beast belongs rather to tiie :VIaiiom<iaii 
power and tyranny, than tu that of tiie church oi 


440. Note. — The hon. Edmund (Iuixct, &u 
asent from the general court of Massachnsetts to 
the court of ureal Brilnin, was one of tiie most 
distinguished and esteemed I naracters of New Kng- 
land. A monument was'crected to his mcm>)ry, 
wiiicli cost twenty pounds sterling, in Bunhill- 
fields, at the expense of his government with tlir 
following inscription. 

EdiMundi Qi incy, armiscn, patria Nov- 
An^Vi JMassachusettetifcis, viii pictatc, pru- 
tkntia, ct Uteris bonis, spectati hie depopi- 
ta^ sunt rf!liqiii;r ; qnivariis ab ineimte tetate 
muncrjbus in re tarn civili, qiiam niilitari a 
suis sibi commissi^, hie pra-sertim re^i a 
conciliis, curiae r.uprema) judicatoria; justi- 
ciarii, et militum tiibuni, siimma facuUate, 
et ppectata fidr jTucctus. laudcm nicrito adco- 
iw est. 


Re patriae suae publica postulante ad au- 
lanj Britaimicani legatus c? t proftctu?, ut ju- 
ra suorum et commoda procuraret. Vario- 
lis arreptus, morte praMnatuva obiit, et cum 
CO emolumeula, quse, in ejus legatione, suni- 
ina cum spe reposita erant, omnibus suis pop- 
ularibus penitus desiderabili?, dccessit, at 
nuUis magii quam patrio senatui, qui in 
amoris testimonium et gratitudinis, ejus lu- 
mulo hoc epitaphium inscribi curaverunt. 
Obiit Londiui, 23 Feb. 1737, ajt. 57. 

Translation. Here are deposited the remains of 
the hon. Edmund Quiiicy, a native of Massachu- 
setts, in New England, a man of distinguished piety, 
prndencp, and literary acquirements; w!iu was ear- 
ly entitled to lii2,h commendation for the consum- 
mate ability and integrity, with wliich he discharg- 
ed the duties of various employments, civil and mi- 
litary, in the affairs of his country, particularly, as 
one of his majesty's cnuncil, a justice of the su- 
preme court of judicature, and a colonel of a regi- 
ment of light infantry. 

In the exigency of the affairs of his country he 
embarked, her agent, for the court of CJreat Bri- 
tain, in order to secure her invaluable rights and 
privileges. Being seized with the smallpox, he 
died a ]>rematiire death, and, v;ith him, the advan- 
tages, which were anticipated from his agency. He 
departed the delight of his own people but of none 


more, than of the senate, who, as a tesliraony of 
their love and gratitude, liave ordered this epitaph 
to be inscribed on his luonuiiient. He died at Ijou- 
don, '13 Feb. 17S7 in the 57 year of liis age. 

QUl.Vcy, MASS. 

441. Sacred to the memory of .Tosiar 
Qi iNcv, jiin. of Boston, barrister at law, 
youngest son of . I osiah Quincy, esq. late of 
this place. Brilliant talent.'^, uncommon elo- 
quence, and indefatigable application raised 
him to the highest eminence, in his profes- 
sion. His early, enlightened, inllexible at- 
tachment to the cause of his country is at- 
tested by monuments, more durable, than 
this, and transmitted to posterity, by Avell 
known productions of his genius. 

He was born, the 23 of February, 1744, 
and died, the 26 of April, 1775. His mor- 
tal remains are here deposited with those of 
Abigail, his wife, daughter of Williain Phil- 
lips of Boston, esquire, born, the 14 of 
April, 1745, died, the 25 of March, 1798. 

Stranger in contemplating this monument, 
as the frail tribute of lilial gratitude aud af* 


T?lowsi tliy bold bicast vvitb patriulick flame? 

Let his example point tlic paths offune ! 

Or seeks thy heart, averse from publick strife, 

The milder graces of ilome.'tick life ? 

Jler kindred virtues let thy soul revere, 

VnJ o'er the best of mothers drop a tear ! 

On another side of the same superb monument is 
ili'^ following inscription. 

JosiAH QuiNcY, juii. esq. born, 23 Feb. 
174-1, died, 20 April, 1775. 

Abigail Qi incy born, 14 April, 1745. 
rlicd, 25 iMarch, 1798. 

To their iiuitcd and beloved memoiy this 
monument was erected by their only sui-viv- 
ins: child, 1802. 

\ole. — The only surviving child of the late dis- 
tinguished patriot, Josiah Quincy jun. esq. whose 
name will be transmitted among the mopt illustrious 
'Characters of his country to the end of time, is the 
Son. Josiah Quincy of Boston, lately a member of 
die congress of the United States. 

442. Xo!e. — The rev. John Hancock, of that 
part of Brciiiitree, which is now- Ouincy, published 
two sermons, which he delivered, 16 Sept. 1739, on 
•oompletiag a century from the time of the gather- 
ing of the first church \,} that piace. These ser.iums 
iiavc lately been reprinted and fr ii. the notes the 
?'.''lo-vIng statement is principally made. 

The rev. John Whcplwriijht, who is often mpu- 
lioned in the histories of New Knglarid, uas the 
fii-pt, who officiateiias a minister at Mount Woilac- 
ton, which, in 1634, formed a part of Boston. 

The rev. William Tompson succeeded him as 
pastor, and the rev. Henry I'lynt, iis teacher, to the 
church, accordini; to the custom of those times, the 
former of whom was ordained, 24 Sept. 1659, and 
the latter, on tlie IT of iMarch following. Notices 
of mr. Tompson may be seen in Mather's Magna- 
lia. He died, at the age of 63 years, 10 December, 

The rev. Moses Fiske was ordained, 11 Sept. 
1672, and died, 10 Aug. 1708, in his 66 year. 

The rev. Joseph Marsh succeeded him, on the 
18 of May, 1709, and deceased, 8 March, 1725, iu 
bis 41 year. Mr. Hancock was settled, 2 Novetr.- 
ber, 1726, and departed this life, in May, 1744, at 
the age of 41 years. 

Mr. Hancock remarks that mr. Fiske and mr. 
Marsh were deposited in the same tomb under a 
handsome monument, on which, at the time lie 
wrote, the following lines were to be seen ; but, 
now, in 1814, they arc totally illegible, as is the 
inscription on mr. Tonipson's moiuunentnl stone 
and that on president Hoar's. 

Biaiutrec, thy prophet's gone, this tom'j inters 

The rev. Moses Fiske his sacred horse. 

Adore heaven's praiseful art, that forrn'd tlie- 

TTho scvH. T!ot to himself, but Christ oft wnn : 

Saii'dllirougli the straits with Peter's family, 

Kcnown'd, ami Gains' hospitality, 

Paul's patience, James' piuilence, John's SMcet 

Is landed, entered, clcar'd and crown'J above. 

QuiNCY, Maps, 

^^43. Ilere lyes interred ye body of the 
rev. nir. Hexry Flynt, who came to New- 
England in yc year, 1035, was ordained 30 
first teacher of ye church of Braintiy, 1039, 
and died, 27 Ap. 1668. He had ye char- 
acter of a jccntleman remarkable for his pie- 
ty, learning, wisdom, and (itklity in his of- 

By him, on his right hand lyes the body 
of Margery, his beloved consort, Avho died, 
March, lGSO-7. Her maiden name Avas 
Hoar. She was a gentlewoman of piety, 
prudence, and peculiarly accomplished for 
iqstriictinfi; yoiuig gentleAvomen, many being 
sent to her from other to^nis, especially from- 
Boston. They descended from eminent and 
good families in England. 

ICote. — ^IMr. Flynt, was the father of the rev, 
.Tosiali Fiyut, who was a pastor of the church in 
Borchestcr, and the grandfather of Henry Flyn% 

5EN. T.— VOL. HT. C 


esq. who, for nearly fifty yoars, Avas one of tiic tu- 
tors at Harvard collci;e, ami, for a longer period, 
oiieofits senalusacadcmiciis. [See 80 art.] 

Aii. IVote. — A inonuinent was prectcd over tlie 
remains of the Icarneil TjtoxA.«o Hoar, M. D. the 
third president of Harvard college; but, if it still 
remain, it cannot be identified by the inscription, 
such have been the rav;ige.s of time. He departed 
this life, 2« November, 16T5, in the 45 year of his 
age, and it is said the following lines w^ere a part of 
the cpitajih. 

Three precious friend? under tliis tombstone lie, 

Patterns to aged, youth, and infancy. 

A great mother, her learned son, with child. 

The first and least went free, he was exil'd. 

In love to Christ, this country, and dear friends, 

He left his own, cross'd seas, and for amends 

Was here extoll'd, envy'd, all in a breath. 

His noble consort leaves, is drawn to death. 

Strange changes may befall us ere we die, 

Blest tlioy, who well arrive eternity. 

God grant some names, O though New England'.* 

Don't sooner fade than thine, if tijne don't mend. 


445. Sacred to the mcmoiy of master 
IcHABOD Johnson, a celfbrntcd irjirlirvol' 


uit'.bick, who died, 5 August, 1807, aged 
42 years. 

And let tliis feeble boily fall, 

And let it faint ami die ; 

My snu! hhall ruiit this inonrnfiil vale, 

And soar to worlds ou higli ; 

Shall Join the disembodied saints, 

Aiid ;;nd its long soui;lit rest, 

That only bliss, for which it pants, 

III the Redeemer's breast. • 


446. Note. — Rev. Lemuel Bryakt was or- 
dained successor to the rev. mr. Hancock, in 1745, 
and was dismissed in 1753. 

Rev. Anthony Wibird, a native of Portsmouth, 
New- Hampshire, was settled in O.uincy, 1755, and 
departed this life, 4 June, 1800, having entered his 
712 year. The rev. Peter Whitney was ordained his 
rolleague, about four months before his death, and 
is his successor in the ministry. 


447. Note. — The following tribute of respect t» 
the memory of a worthy character was i)repared, by 
the I'cv. Bzra Weld of Braintree, for the Massachu- 
setts Magazine. 

" 13 February, 1794, aged 73, after a sore con- 
flict of many years, deeply depressed, in the arms 
of his affectionate offspring and other condoling 

iVjends fell aslcop tlie Lon. EBr.\ Tiiayib, 
some time of the council board ; ami, for many 
years, a rei)resentativf of the ancient to\vn of 15rain- 
iree. Ilis person and aspect was pleasing to the, 
eye ; while a condescending aftability touched the 
^leart; and gained the esteem of a ni.i;nerous ac- 
quaintance, (icntle and graceful wore his man- 
ners, his affection tender and flowing, naturally 
hospitable and generous, many tasted tlie fruits of 
his bounty. Friendly to religion and virtute, he 
contributed to their support with cheerfulness, and, 
while health remained, the house of God, sacred to 
worship, witnessed his presence with such as kept 
holy day; an example, honourable in all, to imi- 
tate. He lived to sec and lament the vanity of 
worldly parade and the increasing dissipation of the 
present age. He now sleeps, where the weary arc 
at rest ; waiting the final summons of the last 
trump; when the breath of God shall reanimate his 
humble dust! Hush then, the filial flowing tear; 
nor call him back ; again the galling shafts of en- 
vy to sustain; or. drink anew, the bitter cups of 
time; or over h.uman woes, to shed more tear.*; 
adieu, thou friendly sleeping shade, adieu ! 

448. IVolc. — EnENEZEu Aloen, a physician of 
distinguished reputation in Randolph, Massachu- 
setts, was born at Stafford, in Connecticut, -4 July, 
1755. He was a son of Daniel Aldcn, esqviire, of 
Lebanon m New-Hampshire, awd graudson of Dan* 


i«l Allien, esquire, whose name is recorded in. the 
."583 article ol' this work. His grandlalher hud sev- 
en cliikh-eii ; 1. Joseph Aldon, uho lived at Statiord 
and died, at Worcester, at the age of ahout jO years ; 
'i. Daniel Ahlen, esquire, fatherof the doctor, who 
removed to Lebanon, in the vicinity of Dartmouth 
college, in the latter part of his life, and died, at 
the age of 70 years; S. Zephaniah Alden, who 
spent his days in Stafford, and died, at the age of 
ab«»ut 80 years ; 4. Barnabas Alden, who lived at 
Ashfield, and died, at tiie age of 60 years ; 5. Eben- 
ezer Alden, who died at Stafford, at the age of iil 
years ; 6. Abigail Alden, who was the wife and is 
now the widow of the late venerable deacon Whit- 
man of Abington ; 7. Hannah Alden, who was the 
wife of Joshua Blodget, of Stafford, and died, at 
the age of 70 years. 

The subject of this article received liis academical 
education at Plainfield under the tuition of Ebene- 
zer Pemberton, esquire, a gentleman, who for his 
urbanity, talents, acquirements, and wonderful abil- 
ity in his profession, is greatly esteemed and ven- 
erated by all, who have ever had the honour and 
the happiness to be under his instruction and of 
whose numerous pupils not a few have risen to the 
most elevated rank in church and state. He marri- 
ed liis wife from one of the first families in Ran- 
dolph, by wiiom he had two sons and one daughter. 

The following sketch was drawn by the rev. Jona- 
than Strong, pastor of the church and congregation 
in Randolph. 

C 2 


"Having gojie through a njgular course of stufly 
(.leparatory to the practice of piiysick, be removeil 
lo 13raintrec, now Itatulolph, Mass. in the year 
ITOl, where he conimenced the duties of his pro- 
fession. Tiicse lie discharged with reputation to 
himself and with great usefuhiess to his employers. 
His circle of ])usiness, though small at first, gradu- 
ally increased until it became very extensive. As 
a physician, he was remarkably attentive, pru- 
dent and successful. During the latter part of his 
life, his advice was sought and much respected by 
his brethren of the faculty iu his vicinity. No phy- 
sician, in this part of the country, possessed the 
love aiid confidence of his patients to a higher de. 
gree. This was evident from the universal sorrow 
occasioned among them by his death. 'J'hey felt as 
though they had lost not only their able and belov- 
ed physician, but a most i;iiportant friend, and use- 
ful member of society. Such indeed Avas the subject 
of this biographical sketch. His friendship was not 
confined to the circle of his particular patrons. He 
rose above those sordid views, by which too many 
are actuated. While he was ready to afford relief 
to the indigent and aHIict>pd, he rejoiced in the law- 
ful prosperity of all around him, w-hcther his par- 
ticular friends or not. Though a decided enemy to 
deception, duplicity, and vice, in all its forms, yet 
he possessed that charity, which covers a multitude 
of sins, which disposed him to treat the characters 
of all with as much temlerncss, as truth and justice 
V'ould permit. Amidst all the rage of political pai-* 


ly Sjiiiil, he never beliayeil the interests of liis coun- 
try. He was a tlitciple of A^'at^hiiiglon, vhose 
principles he revered and uniformly supported. In 
tiie year, 17oT, he was married to miss Sarah 
IBass, one of the most respectable ladies in the town, 
in which he resided. By her, he had three child- 
ren ; one of whom is now in the practice of pliysick, 
in the circle formerly occupied by his fatlier, and 
promises to do honour to his memory by being ex- 
tensively useful in his profession. As a hutbaiul, 
doctor Alden was kind and affectionate, as a par- 
ent, tender and faithful. He was a firm, uiisiiaken 
believer in the truth of divine revelation, and, for 
about twenty years, previous to his death, a mem- 
ber of the church of Christ. He was never absent 
from publJck worship, on the Lord's day, unless im- 
perious necessity required it. His relii;ious senti- 
ments were Calvinistick. Of course, he believed in 
tlie necessity of regeneration by the special inliu- 
ences of tJie Holy Spirit, in order to future happi- 
ness. A hope that he had experienced such an in- 
ternal change, and was intere:-ted in the merits of 
the Redeemer, supported him <!uring his last sick- 
ness, and enabled him to meat death with coolness 
and fortitude. He was not only a christian in the- 
ory, but in practice. Whenever he conversed about 
himself, he did it with the greatest modesty and 
sclf-abiisement. Instead of resembling the bold, 
cunfideiit professor, v.ho generally outlives his re- 
ligion, and deeply wounds the cause of Christ, he re- 
sembled the little treiubling tree, which often takc^ 


llie deepest root in the garden of the LorJ, ami 
bears the most and tlie best ripe fruit. 

" The writer of these memoirs, who was intisnatcly 
acquainted with the subject of them for many years, 
has sehh)i!i known a person who appeared to act 
more conscientiously in tlie various concerns of life, 
and whoso daily conduct would better bear the test 
of examination. He proved the sincerity of his faith 
by his woriis. In liis dying address to his children, 
lie earnestly exhorted them to seek first the king- 
clnm of God and his righteousness, assuring them, 
that if they did thus, all other needful things would 
be added. In truth it maybe said, he has left be- 
hind him that good name, which is better than pre- 
cious ointment. Jiark the pcrfecl man, and be- 
hold the uj'ri-^lil ; for the c7id of that 7naii is pcacc^ 


Note. — The rev. Samtel Nxi.fs was a son of 
tile hon. Samuel ?viles, of Braintree, and grandi^on 
of the rev. Samuel Xiles, who, for many years, was 
the pastor of the churcli in that town. He was 
educate'd at New Jersey college, in Princeton, 
where he was graduated in the year, 1769. He de- 
parted this life, on the 16 of January, 1314, in the 
70 year of his age, leaving a widow, a son, and 
five, daughters to mourn the loss of one of the truly 
excellent of the earth. 

The rev. Jonathan Strong, of Randolph, deliver- 
ed a sermon from 2 Tim. ■!, 7, ", at the interment 
ofmr. Niles, from the manuscript copy of v.hicb 
the following characteristick part, Avilh a few al- 


xeraiions, has been kindly furnisbcd for a place in 
this Colleclijn. 

" In tlie early part of life he discmere;! no par- 
ticular sobriety, but was unusually thousjhtless and 
trifling. It was while a member of college, that 
he became a subject of those religious impressio.'is, 
which issued in his hopeful reconciliation t; divine 
truth. He was consecrated to the jiastoral office in 
Abington, July, ITTl, wht^re he continued to dis- 
charge the duties of his office until prevented by a 
paralytick shock, which took place a little more 
than two years before his death. From that shock 
he so far recovered, that he was able to ride, and 
several times attended publick worship ; but he was 
a silent iiearer in the midst of that numerous assem- 
bly, which he had so often and with =uch deep 
solemnity addressed, on the momentous concerns of 
eternity. He perfectly recollected all his acquaint- 
ance, who vi>Jted him during his last sickness, re- 
joiced to see them, evidently understood and took 
a deep interest in their convei-sation, especially on 
religious subjects, but was unable to articulate 
more, than a few words himself. When his par- 
ticular friends in tlie ministry inquired of him res- 
pecting the state of his mind, during his lust illness, 
he gave them to understand that he was happily re- 
signed to the dispensations of divine Providence, 
and enjoyed the consolation of that religion, which 
he had so many years preached to others. Being 
asked, a short time before his dissolution, whether 
he "should preach the same religious sentiments ize 

had ilonc, should lie return to active life again, he 
answered, with peculiar enijdiasis, in t)ie afiirina- 
tive. Ihough frequently exercised with great bodi- 
ly [lain, he was remark ;»bly patient, meek, and hum- 
ble, and sensible that he was treated with unmerited 
kindness by his heavenly Father. The following 
sentences, with reference to his own situation, he 
often repeated. Jll is done, all donr. All is right, 
all riglil. This was evidently the language of his 
heart. With such a submifsivc nuiet spirit he closed 
his sufferings on earth. 

"The passage of scripture, which was chosen as 
the foundation of the sermon preached at his funer- 
al, and which was thought to be j>ecuiiar!y pei'tinent 
on that occasion, was these words of the apostle 
Paul to Tininthy ; I have fought a goad fight, I hare 
f.nisltcd m;/ course, I hare kept the faith ; hcnciforth 
there is laid up for vie a croivn vf righteonstirss, uhick 
the Lord the rigtilccvs Judge shall give meat thai day ; 
and not to mc vnlj/. Out iinto all them also, that lore 
his appearing. The object of the discour.'c wasto 
exhibit the trials, duties, and rewards of a faithful 
minister of t'hrist. From such trials, our deceased 
friend was not exempted ; for he preached those 
doctrines, which are calculated to awaken the res- 
entment of the human heart, and set in motion the 
tongue of slander. But none (f these things moved 
him, mithcr cvunled he his life dear unto himself, so 
iliul he might finish his course ivilh jo>/, and the 
ministr;;, ivhick he had received of the Lord Jesus to 
testify the gospel of the grace of God. The various 

trials incident to the christian ministry he endured 
with exemplary meekness and (brtitude. He ran 
ivith patience the race set before liim ; looking unto 
Jesus, the author and Jinisher of his faith. Tliat he, 
as well as the rest of his brethren, was a subject of 
much indwelling corruption, he was deeply sensible 
and often lamented. Thiuigh he was a burning and 
a siiining light in the golden candlestick, in wiiich 
he was placed, and eminently usclul as a uiini^ter of 
Christ.yet he often bewailed his own barrenness and 
unfruitfulness. He had an atlecting sense of the 
evil nature of Hn, and ardently strove to gain a 
conquest over it in his own heart, and to rescue 
others from its awful dominion. He was always 
ready lo instruct the ignorant, to comfort the dis- 
consolate, and to preach the gospel to those, who 
desired it. His services, on the Lord's day, did not 
constitute the whole of his ministerial labours. He 
preached abundantly on other occasions, especially 
during revivals of religion in his own, and neigh- 
bouring societies. He was instant in season, and out 
of season, lie reproved, rebuked, exlwrted with all loni^ 
suffering and doctrine. The doctrines, which he 
preached, were strictly Caivinistick. These, in their 
various connections and consequences, he well un- 
derstood, and illustrated and defended with irresist? 
ible force of argument. 

" His manner of preaching was peculiarly plain, 
luminous, solemn, and impressive. By the friends 
of truth he was loved and admired. And no person 
could hear hi'^i v;itl.' indiii'e:-"n7e. His object w»s io 


i«ach liie consciences and hearts of his Iieiircr.s, iiDii 
to make them feel, in some measure, as lliey will, 
wlien standing before the tribunal of their final 
Jndge. Nor did he always fail of siicces?. The 
profound silence and deep solemnity frequently dis- 
covered by his audience evinced that impressions 
were made, which cnuid not easily bo eradicated. 
His labours were, manifestly, accomjianied w itli the 
influences of the Holy Spirit, and unquestionably 
in.'tniraental of the salvation of many souls. He 
bad the unspeakable pleasure to witness four or five 
remarkable revivals of religion, amoug the people of 
his charge ; the good fruits of whicli are yet visible- 
With respect to his prayers, it may with strict pro- 
priety be said, they were uncommonly sentimental, 
pertinent, comprehensive, fervent, solenni, and im- 
pressive ; and often produced a powerful effect on 
those, who had opportunity to unite with hiai be- 
fore the throne of mercy. At such seasons, he 
sometimes appeared to be raised above all earthly 
scenes, and permitted to look within the vail. 

"Among other things, he was remarkably wise 
5n council. Hence his advice and assistance were 
often sought in the settlement of ecclesiastical dif- 
ficulties. On such occasions he was preeminently 

" To the preceding observations, respecting the 
character of mr. Niles, the following may with pro* 
pricty be subjoined. As a man he was peculiarly 
interesting and agreeable. In conversation, he was 
plgasantwifehout levity, facetious without malignity. 


and serious without austerity. He was thorouglily 
acquainted wiili the principles of human nature, 
and quicic to dii^ccrn the motives, by which ililVerent 
characters in society are governed. As a friend he 
was distinguished for confidence and fidelity. His 
heart was a cabinet, in whicli the secrets of others 
might be locked as safely as in their own. Though 
not affluent, yet his house was a mansion of hospi- 
tality. No man better enjoyed his friends, nor 
more sincerely sought to make them comfortable 
and happy. Although, owing to particular cir- 
cumstances, he was not a man of the mostextensive 
reading, yet he possessed very superior powers of 
inind. Verj' few better understood the art of think- 
ing, or profited more by it. His ideas lay clear in. 
his own mind, and were generally exi)ressed with 
uncommon perspicuity. A fair specimen of his 
talents may be seen in a work, he had nearly com- 
pleted for the press, when arrested with the para- 
lytick shock before mentioned. This work has since 
been publislicd. It is entitled Remarks on a sermon 
preaclicd before the association of ministers, in the 
third congregational society in Middleborough, 26 
September, 1810, by John Reed, D. D. pastor of 
the first church and congregation in Bridgewater. 
In these remarks the talents of the author, for me- 
taphysical discussion, are strikingly displayed. It 
is believed, that no candid reader, after examining 
them, will hesitate to acknowledge, that he wag 
thoroughly conversant with the abstruser parts (^f 

'•RN. T, VOf. T^I. Xi 


" Since such %vas the character of our deceased 
friend, it is obvious that sucielj has sustained a great 
loss in his reinovul,and the churchof Christ has been 
deprived oi one of its brightest ornaments. liut the 
afllictive dispensation, wliich has deprived them of 
such a blcssius;, has, it is hoped, iit^ued in his per- 
sonal benefit. Since he funghl a good jight.finiflud 
hb course, and kept llic fiiilli, lie lias und.iubti-dly 
gone to receive n croun of riglUeov.sncss, vliidi llic 
Lord, the righteous Judge will giie to all his faithful 
ministers at the last great day,und not to them, only, 
hut unto all others also, that love his appearing. 
A voice from heaven has said, ihei/ that bt icise shall 
shine as the brightness of the firmament ; and llici/ 
that turn man;) to rigltleuusness as the stars forever 
and ever. What our Lord said to the angel or 
minister of the church of Smyrna he says tu each 
of his true ministers ; fear none of those things, 
whieh thou shall svjfer. Be thou faithful unto death 
and I will gire thee a crown of life. A similar 
honour is reserved for all his sincere followei-s. Ty 
all such, in presence of the assembled universe, ho 
will ere long say, come, i/e blessed of my Father, in- 
herit the kingdum prepared for yon from the founda- 
tion if the world. 'J here all sin and siitfering \vill 
be done away. There they will live and reign with 
Christ forever and ever ; and make an endless 
progression in knowledge, in holiness, and happi- 
ness. What powerful motives present to the view 
of Christ's ministers, and to all others to be faithful 
in his service I — Elessid are the dead, uho die in Uir 


Lord ; for Ihey reitfrom tlicir labours and their worA,'? 
do follow Ihem." 


450. Note. — The rev. Israkl Loni\c was a 
native of Hull in the vicinity of Bobloii. He was 
graduated, at Harvard college, in 1701, and was 
ordained, at Sudbury, in 1706. He exchanged 
this for a better world, on the 9 of iMarch, 1772, 
having nearly completed his 90 year. 

Mr. Loring was a sound orthodox divine and 
highly esteemed, in the !>icw England churches, 
for his talents, pastoral fidelity, and primitive sim- 
plicity, purity, and piety. 

His manuscript Journal, consisting of many vol- 
umes, written in a fair hand, besides many parochial 
notices and serious reflections on his birth days, at 
the commencement of every year, and other special 
occasions, contains a variety of important biogra- 
phical and historical facts. A considerable part of 
this Journal is in the possession of Nathan Stone, 
esq. of Dennis. 

451. N'<tp. — " Mr. Is VAC Howe of Framingham 
departed this life, [about 175 -] a man not flowing 
with wealth. In his house were to be seen no curi- 
ous beaufet set out with plate and China ware; no 
papered, nor painted, nor gilded rooms; no costly 
dishes, none of these nor such like things there. 
JVo, but on the contrary, the marks ©f poverty were 


tliere to be seen. How ever, in this man's houj>e 
dwelt one of the excellent o( the eartli, one rich in 
laith, and an heir of the kingdom, which, with nie, 
who was well aciiuainted with hiin, there is no doubt, 
lie is now in the possession of. By his death 1 have 
lust a precious, pious, praying, friend; lint my loss 
is doubtless his gain and in that it becomes me to 
rejoice" [Loring's manuscript Journal.] 

iS"!!. Nutc. — Capt. Good v r d of Framingham, ac- 
cording to a memorandum in rev. mr. Loring's Jour- 
nal, de|>arted this life, 9 February. 1T54. His son, 
the' rev. David Goddard of Leicester died, 19 Janua- 
ly preceding. C'apt. Goddard had been a Justice 
of the peace and one of his maje.sty's council. He 
■was a man of distinguished abilities, which were 
much improved by reading and study He held the 
pen of a ready writer and was a strenuous defender 
of the Calvin istick scheme. 


453. Tliie corner stone was laid, 1 Oc- 
tober, 1801, by Isaiah Thomas, esquire, 
who, Avith William Caldwell, esquire, sher- 
ili" of the county, and Salem Towne, es- 
quire, are a committee for building and com- 
pleting this intended Courthouse. The 
old courthouse now stands two feet southeast 
from this spot, 1801. 


Note. The foregoing is a copy of the inscription 
engraved on a silver plate, which was enclosed 
in a leaden box with specimens of New England 
coin struck by virtue of an act of the province 
of Massachusetts, passed in the years, 1652 and 
1654, with otliers of the United States and Great 
Britain, and deposited under tiie corner stone of 
the newcourthause, in Worcester. This is the best 
building of the kind in the commonwealth, except 
ihat in Boston recently erected. 


454. Note. — The rev, Thomas Weld, accord- 
ing to Calamy, having found the ecclesiastical re- 
quisitions in Terling, county of Sussex, unpropitious 
to his(ministerial labours, and having been ejected 
from his living at (iatesend, near Newcastle, for his 
non-conformity, came to New-England. In July, 
1632, he was invested with the pastoral care of the 
church in Roxbury. 

In the November following, the rev. John Eliot, 
who translated the Bible into the aboriginal dialect 
of Natick, was ordained teacher in the same ciiurch. 
In 1741, mr. Weld was sent, with the rev. Hugh 
Peters, as an agent to England, where he .«pent the 
remainder of his days. In the Roxbury church re- 
cords, he is said to be of Kettering, and to have 
died in London, 1660-1. 


455. iVo/c— Mr. Tuoi vs Welo, cf the 

D 2 


eons of the first pa>tor of the church in Roxbury, 
lived in this place and died of a fever in 1682. 

From the clnirch records it appears, timt his child- 
ten were Samuel, Tin mas, who Avas the minis- 
ter of Dunstable, [see art. 116 J Samuel, John, YA- 
mund, Daniel, Dorothy, a woman of remarkable pi- 
ety and a benefnctor to the church, whose first hus- 
band was AVilliam Dennison, and second Sanmel 
Williaiiis, both of Roxbury, Joseph, and ^largaret. 

456. i\^/c.— The rev. Eumuxd "Wkld, son of 
the rev. Thcinns Weld of lloxbury, was graduated 
at Harvard college, in iGbO. He went to Ireland, 
after graduation, and was settled in the ministry at 
Inniskean. He died, 2 March, 1668, in the 39 year 
of his age. Contemplating his dissolution as nigh 
at hand, he wrote the following dialogue, a little 
before his decease, between Death, the Soul, the 
Body, the World, and Jesus Christ, w hich his am- 
dow sent to his relatives in New-England, and is 
here preserved as a specimen of the poctick taste of 
that period. 

D. Ho ho, prepare to go with me, 
For I am sent to summon thee, 
Sfee my commission seal'd with blood ; 
"Who sent me He will make it good. 
The life of man 
Is like a span, 
Wkose slender thread I must divide. 


My name is death, 
I'll stop thy breath; 
From my arrests thou canst not hide. 

S. O Death, triumph not over me, 
My .Saviour's death hath conquered thee, 
Man's sin at fir?t did give thee breath, 
Whose exit now must be thy death. 

But yet througli grace, 

•So stands the case, 
Harm thou canst not, but only fright. 

Ah death thou'rt dead, 

Broke is thy head, 
Thy sting and strength removed quite 

But what dost think, to scare me so ? 
Me to assault, so like a foe ? 
Nay, Death, thy power and all that's thine 
The second cov'nant made it mine» 

Come let's shake hands, 

I'll kiss thy bands ; 
Tis happy news for me to die. 

What dost thou think, 

That I will shrink ? 
I'll go to immortality. 

Transported is my ravish'd heart, 
To think now hence I must depart ; 
Ling waited I for suc"h a day, 
Thrice welcome sumiaons, come away. 


Conic, strike Ibc blaw, 

That I may go ; 
H'hy slay thy cliariot wlicels so long ? 

To stay 'tis pain, 

To (lie 'tis gain ; 
Delay me not, you do nie wrong. 

This is my Father's messenger, 
My King and Rridegroom's harbinger ; 
See here his chariot driving fast, 
Home to conduct me in all haste. 

I'm sick of love 

For him above. 
I grow impatient to be gone. 

Him for for to see 

Who loved rac, 
That precious loving, lovely one. 

Hail>t thou but knock'd the other day, 
I liad been forced then to say, 
O spare a little, give me space 
Until I see thy pleasant face. 
Because my light 
AVas turn'd to night, 
Hid was his face, eclips'd his love ; 
Tlien inward fears 
Caus'd many tears ; 
Few visits had I from above. 

Ilis name forever blessed is. 
To send at iucli a time as this; 


NouEjht have I now to tlo but die, 
And sleep in Jesus quietly ; 

For lately he 

Refreshed me 
"With sweet embraces from above. 

I begg'd a smile, 

And he, mean while, 
Cau«'d me to understand his love. 

B. And must wc part, my dearest mate, 
So many yeai's consociate ; 
Whal makes thee long iincas'd to be? 
AVhai means this great disparity ? 

Thou tak'st thy dight 

To heaven's height, 
To be conjoiu'd with C hrist thy head ; 

But ah ! poor I 

Must rotting lye, 
As one forgot amongst the dead. 

S. Companion mine, why blam'st thou tan 
Longing to leave mortality ; 
Wy choicest acts have spoiled been 
By such a mass of death and sin ; 
. My joys were small. 

Disturbed all 
In thy cold, dark, and leaky tent ; 

My duties were 

Put out of square 
With thine unhandy instrument. 


But Christ shall change thy sinful Just, 
The grave shrill rot out all thy rust ; 
That body of thine shall fashion'd be, 
Like to his own in its degree ; 

Yea, thouich they rot, 

Yet not one Jot 
Of all thy dust shall perish aye ; 

He in thy sleep 

Safe will thee keep 
"Till IrinnpePs sound shall call away. 

Whose sound shall cause thee to awake, 
Oinnipotency shall thee take 
Then to receive,'so we shall meet. 
And one another kindly greet ; 

Made one again, 

So tf) remain 
Enibosom'd friends, in lasting bliss, 
And never more, 
As heretofore, 
Act any thing, that is amiss. 

W. What's this I hear ? guest so unkind, 
To trust me so quite out of mind I 
Have 1 so hard a landlord been, 
As not to value me a pin ? 

To kick at me. 

Who nnurisli'd thee, 
And so to change old friends for new ? 

Men so unkind 

1 seldom find ; 
I'll care as little now for yoB. 


S. We're well agreed, vain world, farewell. 
Thy flattering smiles begin to smell ; 
They never did deserve my love, 
Nor do thy frow ns at all me move ; 

Because my heart 

Is set apart 
For things that are of best account ; 

The hujk and shell. 

With thee did dwell, 
My better part did higher mount. 

'Twas yonder, yonder, up above. 
Where I did live, converse and love ; 
A stranger here, and strangely us'd, 
By thee and thine I was abus'd ; 

I'ra not thine own, 

Nor am I known 
By those of thy ungodly race ; 

And therefore I 

So cruelly 
Was hated in that weary place. 

But as for you, my weeping friends, 
IMyGod will make you all amends. 
Your care and kindness shown to me 
Shall all by him rewarded be ; 

Yourselves have seen 

How God hath been 
Most sweetly gracious unto me ; 

Lively holily. 

Then uhen you die 
The saaic to you this God may be 

J. C. Welcome to ine, my lovely bride, 
For whom 1 liv'd, for whom I di'd 
Nor do I count my heart's blood dear 
To purchase a possession liere. 

Come satisfy 

Botli iieart and eye, 
With purest joy? up to the brim ; 

Here's endless store, 

What can be more 
Than in love's ocean aye to swim ? 

Make haste, bring forth the nuptial vest. 
And let the fatted calf be dress'd ; 
Angels and Seraphim, come sing, 
And with your shout make heaven ring. 

Come thou possess 

That blessedness 
Prepar'd before the world was made, 

And wear the crown 

With great renown, 
'Tis honour that shall never fade. 

S. Blest be thy glorious Majesty, 
That look on such a worm as I ; 
Thou didst me from the dungeon raise 
That i might here advance thy praise. 

When 1 did dwell 

In lowest iiell, 
Love everlasting fetched aae thence. 

Else I had been, 

Through Satan's spleen. 
For evermore rxclntipd b^nre. 

I 49 

Wheal was dead, grace quitkeii'J me, 
When I was lost, soiiglit out by thee, 
Thou didst me pardon, cdll, and «ave; 
IJought with thy blood, whate'er I have. 

Now blessed be 

The Lamb so free 
To die, that I might life obtain ; 

For this therefore, 

For evermore, 
Blest be the Lamb forever slain. 

457 Nule. — Thomas Dudley, a governour and 
.oajor general in the colony of Ma?-achusetts, hav- 
ing entered on the seventy-seventh year of his age, 
deceased, 31 July, 1653, and was not buried till the 
:<ixth day following. His biography is well known ; 
ijut the following anagram, preserved in the files of 
the first church in Roxbury, is said to have been 
sent to the governour, by some nameless author, in 
''Gi?, and has never before been published. 
Thomas DroLtY. 
Ah I old must dye. 
-\ death's head on your hand yon needcnot weaie, 
A dying head you on your should.?rs beare. 
You. iieede not one to mind you, you must dye, 
You in your name may spell mortalilye. 
Younge men may dye, but old men, these dye 

■T'.vlll not be long before you turne to dast. 

rv?f. I. — VOL III. E 



Before you turne to dust! ah! must! old! dye! 
Wliat sliall youiigc doe, when old in dust doe lye i 
AVlicn old in dust lye, what N. Eni^land doc ? 
When old in dust doe lye, it's best dye too. 

458. Nolc. — Thomas Weld, A. B. pins jave- 
Jiis pra-matuic obiit in Christo, circiter viginti an- 
aos iiatus, ti Julii, A. D. 1704. [Rox. Ch. Rec] 
He was a son of the rev. Thomas Weld of Dunsta- 
ble by his first wife and was graduated at Harvard 
collcijc, in 1701. 


459. Here lies buried the body of the 
rev. Shearjasiiub Bourn, late minister of 
tlie fust parish in Scituate and son of the 
hon. Melatiah Bourn, esq. of Sandwich, who 
died, 14 August, 1768, xt. 09. 

Cautious himself, he others ne'er deceived 
i/ived as he taught and as he taught believec!. 


4G0. In memory of miss Susannah 
Crafts, who died, 24 Sept. 1800. He: 
suavity of temper and simplicity of mannern 
had secured the esteem of her friends and 
acquaintance. Though at the early age of 
21 vears nnd ?.t n period; ^vhon her prospects 


Trere the moat saiiguhie, she submitted ^vitb 
calmness to her fate, in the full persuasion 
of a reunion to her friends in a world, M'here 
neither sorrow nor death can enter. This 
iribute of respect for iicr memory and of 
esteem for her virtues is oftercd by a friend. 


461. Erected to the memory of mr. Joel 
Gay, who, at the age of 33, Avas translated 
from this state of trial and suffering, on tlic 
19 of Dec. 1800, at a period when his in- 
dustiy and perseverance gave pleasing pi-om- 
iscs of future independence and Avhen the 
hopes and welfare of a rising family depend- 
ed on him. Though exercised with a tedi- 
ous and painful illness, the severity of Avhidi 
was increased by the deatli of a beloved son, 
he exhibited a singular example of patient 
resignation, leaving his friends this consola- 
toiy reflection, that his faith and hope of a 
happy immortality had disarmed the grave 
of its terrors and death of its sting. 


462. Isaac Morril, aged 74 years, died, 
18 October, 1662. 

463. Nolc— The hon. AVilliam Hrath, a 
major general in llie revolutionary war, wj:? born, 
on the 1 of March, old style, 1737. He was di*- 
scended from an ancient and reputable family in 
■fiexbury and was brought up a farmer. From bis 
youth, he was remarkably fond of military exer- 
cises and read whatever he could find on the subjecl- 
At the corameiicenient of that contest, which il- 
sucd in the independence of the American state*, 
the subject of this article was a colonel of the mili- 
tia and one of the committee of safety appointed b^- 
the provincial congress of Massachusetts. So<ci 
after the war was begun, he received the comniip- 
sion of a brigadier general in the array of the Unit-* 
ed States and, the year following, he was promotedii 
to the rank of a major general. He continued iin 
the publick service of his countiy till the establi.^h-^ 
ment of peace and was appointed to various imporl-i 
ant stations and extensive commands. 

On the restoration of peace, lie returned to hi? 
family and employed hirafself in agricultural pur- 
suits and the various duties of private life and of 
such publick olTices, as his fellow citizens called liiir. 
to fill. He was a member of the state convention, 
which ratified the federal cons-titution and gave his 
vote for its adoption. He was repeatedly elected 
to a seat in the senate and in the council of Massa- 
chusetts. In the year, li06, he was chosen, by the 
suffrages of the people, lieutenant governour of tht- 
commonwealth ; but, being far advanced in age-. 


dill not accept the uroffercd honour. As judge of 
probate, he served his county, very acceptably» 
for many years and till the close of life. 

In a doniestick sphere, lie was distinguished by 
his mild and amiable disposition and manners. Few 
icen apjicared more free from the influence of party 
spirit and rancour, or expressed their sentiments on 
publick men and measures with more prudence, than 
general Heath. From his youth, he was a believer 
aud publick profesfor of the christian religion, and 
adorned his profession by his exemplary life and 

After a few days of confinement with sickness, he 
died, on the 2-i of January, 1814, meeting his dis- 
sohilion with christian fortitude, resignation, and 
hope. The wife of his youth and four children, 
three sons and one daughter, sunivcd bi-n. 

The rev. Eliphalet Porter, D. T). paid a hand- 
some tribute of respect to the memory of his distin- 
gnished parishioner in a sermon from Is. 3. 2, 3, 
delivered on the first sabbatii after his interment. 

General Ilcatli published Neinoirs of himself some 
years before his death, in an ?>vo. volume and fi-e- 
quently wrote for the gazettes of his day. Many 
papers with the signature of A Mililary Country- 
taaa were from his pen, 


464. Here lyes intombed the body of 
Timothy Dv/icht, esquire, ^vho depart 



ed this life, 31 January, anno Domini 
1717-18, aetat. 83. 

Nole. — From rev. Samuel Dexter's century ser- 
mon, delivered, 23 Nov. 1733, it appears, that 
the subject of this inscription was a gentleman tru- 
ly serious and godly; one of an excellent spirit; 
peaceable, generous, charitable, and a great pro- 
moter of the best interests of the churcli and town ; 
and that his roiuains were buried, on the same day, 
with those of Iiis sixth consort 1 


465. Dexter. This comiptible must 
put on incormption and this mortal must put 
on immortality. 1 Cor. 15. 53. Our Sa- 
viour, Jesus Christ, hath abolished dcatl; 
and brought life and immortality to liirht. 
2 Tim. 1.10. I am the resurrection and 
the life ; he that believeth in mc, though he 
were dead, yet shall he live. John, 11. 25. 
Behold he is coming in the clouds and every 
eye shall see him. Rev. 11.7. ^\']ien Christ, 
our life, shall appear, then shall ye also ap- 
pear with him in gloiy. Col. 3. 4. Where is 
thy sling, deatli ? where is thy victory ! O 
grave? Thanks to G od, Avho giveth us the 
victoiy through our l^ord, Jesus ClirisL 
i Cor. 15. 55. 57. 

Note. — The foregoing is the insniption on the 
family tomb of the rev'. Sainiiei Dexter, avIio was 
the grandfather of the present hon. Saauiel Dexter 
of 3Iassachusctts. For notices of the ministers of 
Dcdham the rendor is referred to Dexter's cent. ser. 
and to Haven's iialf century sermon. 


466. From the ladies of the rev, nir. 
Cotlman s society iu norchester to the rev. 
mr. Bates, as a testimcuy of th(;ir grati. 
tade and esteem, November, 1811. 

Note. — This is a copy of the inscription on eacli 
ef three valuable pieces of plate, presented to the 
rev. Joshua Bates, in gratitude for the active, 
friendly, and successful part he acted in behalf of 
the rev. John Cotlman, when opposed by some of 
6is parishioners, who were hostile to Calvinistick 
sentiments. 1 he donation was accompanied with 
these lines; 

The christian friend, whose heart is right, 

Defends the injnr'd witli delight ; 

tJnaw'd by hosts, in league combin'd, 

The cause, that's just, employs his miu<3. 

attli;borough, mass. 

467, Bezaleel BIann mort. die Octo. 
tert, 1796, an. a?tat. 74. Early imbued 
■5dth the principles of moral rectitude, he 
sustained, tlirough the diversified coQcerns 


of a long and active life, the character of 
an honest man. As a physician, he com- 
manded, duiin<i; the prriod of near fifty 
yeare, that unlimited confidence and respect, 
Avhich talents only can iiL^pirc. The fea- 
tures of his mind Avhere skctclud by the 
glpMing pencil of nature, filled up with quali 
ties, that adorn humanity, and sliaded ■with 
few infirmities, the frequent attendants on 
mental excellence, 

Bebee Mann, his wife, mort. die Octo. 
tert. 1793, atat. Gl. She was a person of 
briglit genius, of few ivords, and nuich re- 
served in mind. From early youth, she 
marked all her paths with virtue, and time- 
ly took the advice Chri&t gave his disciples, 
and made to herself a friend of the mammon 
of unrighteousness, and, uhen she failed, 
could with christian confidence say, that her 
witness was in heaven and her reward on 
high. This stone is erected by the grateful 
hand of filial piety to protect the awful dust 
of the most revered parents. 


468. In memory of doctor HnRnERi- 
Mavn. ^vho, -vvith 119 sailon% with capt. 

James Magee master, went on board the brig. 
General Arnold, in Boston harbour, 25 De- 
cember, 1778, hoisted sail, made for sea, 
and were, inmiediately, overtaken by the 
most tremendt.His suoavs tonn -with cold, that 
■vras ever known in the memory of man, and, 
unlianpilj, [)arted their cable in Plymouth 
harbour, in a place called tlie Cow Yard, 
and he with aliout 100 others was frozen to 
death, 66 of whom were buried in one grave. 
He was in the 21 year of his age. And 
DOAv, Lord God Almighty, just and true are 
all thy wajc, but who can stand before thy 
cold ? 

Ao/e. The calamity, which ibis inscription re- 
cords, was cue ol' the most distressing ever >V!tness- 
ed on the coasts of Ma?SacliuscttP. One of the 
sur\-iver5, Bartholomew Downes of Barnstable, 
published a narrative of his sutferings, cu tliis and 
former occasions, which is very little known, and 
from which tlie facts in the following statement are 
principally drawn. 

The morning, on which captain Slagee sailed, 
was rcmarbably pleasant ; but, in a few hours, af- 
ter getting into the bay a most tremendoa? ^ale com- 
menced, attended with cold and a snow storm, for 
violence, seldom equalled in the latitude of Massa- 
rhnsetts. The next day, with no small difficulty, 
they passed the Gurnet for Plymouth harbour. The 

wind and slorni had abated, l)ut llie cold was in- 
tense beyond de>-crijilion. Tlic hrig was brought tc 
anciior a little below Beach Point. 

On satiirdaY, 26 December, about six in the morn- 
ing, from the great agitation of the sea, the vcs^^cl 
f-trnck the bottom, as if she would have forced in 
her keel. As there was not snlhcient depth of wa- 
ter for the management of the brig, and as there was 
every appearance of a renewal of tlie storm, the 
captain ordered the cables cut. A most dreadful 
storin ensued. The main ma.>=t was cut away and 
the vessel drifted upon a hard flat a little west of 
Beach Point. The people laboured hard in throw- 
ing overboard their Avood and getting their guns 
from the deck into the hold. Such, however, was 
their situation, that the brig struck the bottom con- 
linually, with violence, and presently let in tlio 
water so that two pumjis A\cre of no avail. The 
snow storm increased to an astonishing degree and 
there was no diminution of the cold. All hands 
wrought, with the greatest diligence, during the 
day, eating nothing, as all desire of food was gone 
in the fearful prospect of sjtcady death. 

Still these distressed mariners had some glimmers 
of hope, till just before night, when they found eve- 
ry thing afloat in the hold of the vessel. They were 
then almost in a state of despair, being persuaded 
that they must perish, unless some special interjjosi- 
tion of Providenceshould prevent. Some went into 
the cabin, but the water was so deep as to oblige 
them imniedjately to return. It was flood tido. 


aiul, in a little time, tiie water on thu maiii deck was 
oven with the flooring of the quarter deck. The 
foremast was still standing;, which occassioned a 
perpetual rolling of the wreck. This was cut away 
and the vessel, sunk nearly altogether underwater, 
was comparatively, hut little moved. 

The floods often Ijroke o ver them and, at the height 
of the tide, the water was of coubiderablc depth on 
the quarter-deck. The storm continued with una- 
bating fury. Nothing could be heard but screeches, 
groans, lamentations, and earnest cries to God for 
jncrcy and i-elief. 

In their distress, bordering upon distraction, all 
being much crowded on the quarter deck, they 
trampled one another under feet. 'Ihc intenteiiess 
of the cold, under their peculiar circumstances, was 
greater than they could bear, and during the night, 
more tlian half of the crew were fr(jzen to death. 
The, fatigue, want of food, and violence of the 
.veathcr,' were unitedly more, than their natures 
ould support. 

On the 27 of December, the storm having sub- 
,;ded, the sun appeared, but the severity of the cold 
■■/as extreme. They now could see Plymouth and 
a number of people attempting to go to their relief; 
hut the ice increased so rapidly, in the harlour, that 
the kind adventurers, having nearly lost their own 
lives, in their benevolent exertions, were obliged to 
return without eflecting their object. This, to lli':; 
<(iirvivi!ig but perishing mariners, was more dreadful, 
than cai be described, A r.iy of hope had beamed 


Ih the eyes of some, who were still alive, when they 
saw tlieir fellow creatures fiyiiig to their deliver- 
ance ; but now despair seized every soul, and tlity 
sunk, one after another, into the arms of death, till 
but thirty two, out of one hnndred and nineti.'en, re- 
iiiai'ied alive I 

The humane people of Plymouth succeeded, on 
monday, the '28 of December, in getting to the 
wreck, where a most melancholy scene was exhibit- 
ed ! Nearly one hnndred men were frozen to death, 
in all manner of postures; some with a bottle at their 
month, some clasped in each other's arms, some 
kneeling, and some with their hands elevated 
towards heaven ! All were taken from the wreck 
and carried to rar. Eartlcit's publick house in Ply- 
mouth. Of the living some perfectly recoverei, 
but others lost their limbs. The spot, where sixty- 
six of the dead were buried together, is still disting- 
uishable, though no stone has been erected to com- 
Hiemorate the uncomnionly mournful event ! 

It is worthy of remark, that the captain and some 
others, by his advice, poured ardent spirit into their 
boots, but took none internally, which was, unques- 
tionably, the mean of preserving their livos &nA 
limbs. Those, who made the freest use of intoxicat- 
ing liquor, fell the first victims to thf> intensene^s 
nf the cold. 


i1}9. Here lies the best of slave?. 

/Vr"." Uivnin.5: ir.tD •'•t?' 


Cnsar, the Ethiopian, craves 

A place among the just. 
His faithful soul is fled 

To reahus of heavenly light ; 
And, by the blood, that Jesus fheci. 

Is changed from black to white. 
Januai-y 15, he quitted the stage 
In the 77 year of his age. 


470. In mcmoiy of the rev. Peter 
Thacher, a. M. the late faithful and be- 
loved pastor of the second congregational 
church in Attleboroiigh, ivho was born, 2j 
January', 1716, ordained, 30 November, 
174S, and died, 13 September, 1785, in the 
70 year of his age, and 43 of his niinistrj. 

"Whom papists not, 

"With superstitious fire, 

"Would dare to adore, 

"We justly may admire. 
JVb/e. — >Ir. Thacher was a son of the rev. Peter 
Thacher of Middieborough and grandson of rev. 
Peter Thacher of -Milton. Rev. Thomas Thacher 
of Boston, his great-grandfather, was his first Ame- 
rican ancestor, w ho was a son of rev. Peter Thacher 
of Sarum. [See 121 art.] 

The subject of this notice was one of ten children 
and the oldest of seven sons. According to fainlh 

?rX. T.— V07.. TTl. F 


tradition lie was the fuurtcL'iith oldpst son, ia suc- 
cession, cinployed in the WDilc ■ T tlie gositel minis- 
try, a reniariciihJc chcmnstancf I Hh wife was He- 
thiah Carpenter, daii;^iitor of deacon Obadiah Car- 
penter of Attleborou^ii, by whom he had seven sons 
and three daujijlitcrs, all of whom were living in 
18l!2, excejit the younijest son, who died before his 

Mr. Tliachcr w as a man of great simjilicity and 
plainness of manners, a worthy and nsefnl n^mi^ter 
of the new covenant, and his memory is justly re- 
vered. A small vrdume of his sermons was pub- 
lished, some time after his death ; but, although 
(he sentiment may be preserved, an unjustifiable li- 
berty was taken with his language. However 
plain maybe the style of a man, no material posthu- 
mous alteration ought to take place in preparing 
his works for the publick. Every one appears most 
natural in his own garb. The only publication ex- 
tant, so far as the author of this work knows, which 
exhibits a fair specimen of mr. Thacher's common, 
plain, and impressive manner of sermonizing, is the 
discourse occasioned by the death of his much es- 
teemed friend, the rev. Habijah Weld of Attlebo- 
rough. ^^ 

471. Nok. — The hon, Ei.isha Mav, who re- 
ceived his birth and spent his days in Attleborough, 
departed this life, 15 November, 1811, ia the 73 
rear of his age. The rev. John Wilder t!c!iverf^ 


» sfcrmon at his interment, from Prov. 10. 7, which 
is before tlie publick and from which the following 
notice of this worthy man is extracted. 

"Ilffw far the ciiaracter of Colonel May answers 
the description, which has been given of the just 
man, it is not for me In determine. Tiiis, however, 
I will venture to say, his memory will long be pre- 
cious, not only to his near relatives and friends, 
but likewise to his intimate acquaintance, to his 
neighbours, to the religious society in this place, 
and to the inhabitants of the town. For he is the 
man, whom his fellow-citizens, for a long course of 
years, have delighted to honour; nor was he un- 
worthy their respect and confidence. For, blessed 
with a sound mind, a retentive memory, a »|uiok 
discernment of men and things, a polite address, 
an honest heart, and an education considerably 
above mediocrity, he was singujarly qualified for 
publick employments of various kinds. And his 
worth was early discovered ; for at the time of the 
revolutionary war he was an active and useful mem- 
ber both in the military and civil departments. 
Since that period he was employed, without oppo- 
sition, as a legislator or a counsellor, until he 
chose to retire. For about twenty-seven years in 
succession, one excepted, he was caikd to a seat 
in the legislature; and chielly in the upper house. 
For almost forty years together, he has ijcen mo- 
derator of the tow n meetings in this place ; in which 
office he was eqalled by few, and exceeded by none. 
He had the honour of being an elector of the pregi- 


uent of the United States: As a magistrate, tlirouijlii- 
out tlie commonwealth, ho did much business, and 
to very general satisfaction. He was justly cele- 
brated, both at home and abroad, for his wisdom in 
adjusting and settling dilferences between contend- 
ing parties. As a politician, he was a friend and 
disciple of Washington. As a man, he was pre- 
possessing and engaging. As a friend, he was 
faithful and constant. As a neighbour, he wa? 
kind and obliging. As a husband, he was attentive 
and tender. As a parent, he was pleasant and af- 
fectionate. As to his religion, he was a firm be- 
liever in the christian systera. and a very constant, 
attentive, and apparently devout attcnder on pub- 
lick wrorship, all his life." 

472. Note. — Mrs. Esthkr Wilder, daughter 
«f colonel Samuel Tyler of Preston in Connecticut, 
consort of the rev. .John Wilder, after a long and 
lingering complaint, died, 19 January, 11511, in the 
42 year of her age, leaving six sons and four daugh- 
ters .From the ser uon, founded on 1 John 3. 2, de- 
livered at her funeral, by the rev. Nathaniel iEni- 
mons, D. D. of Franklin, the following paragraph 
is extracted. 

" There is not, perhaps, a single person here 
present, who does not lament the decease of that 
amiable and excellent child of God, whose remains 
now lie before us. 1 have endeavoured to delineate 
that filial spirit, which constitutes and adorns the 


christian character, and can .iny one recollect a sin- 
gle trait in that cliaracter, whicli docs not apply to 
mrs. AVildcr? witliout mistaking nature for grace, 
and making every proper allowance for her native 
mildness, ber superior education, and her polisr.ed 
manners, did ^he not discover, in tlie \\ liole course 
of her conduct, that love to God, that love to 
Christ, that love to the friends of Christ, and that 
universal love to mankind, wliicli are the genuine 
expressions of a holy and humble heart ? What duty 
to God, what duty to her husband, what duty to 
her friends, or what duty to her enemies, if she had 
any, did she hal)itually neglect? She exhibited in 
her very countenance that meek and quiet spirit, 
that serenity and peace of mind, which naturally 
flow from vital piety. There is, therefore, just 
ground to believe, that she has safely reached her 
heavenly Fatlier's house, and is there fixed as a 
pillar in his temple forever. In this firm belief, the 
bereaved and aillicted pastor of this cliurch has no 
cause to sorrow, as those, who have no hope. 
Though his loss is greatly enhanced by all the amia- 
ble, useful, and virtuous qualities, which adorned 
the dear wife of his youth, whom God has taken 
away ; yet he has abundant reason to be thankful, 
that her life, which had been so often threatened, 
was continued so long in mercy to him and to his 
numerous family." 

In July, 1808, miss Esther Wilder, the oldest 
daughtRf of the rev. mr. Wilder, departed this life 
in tlie 13 year of her age. She was mucii endeared 


to her parents and friends by that modest and amia* 
Ijle appearance, that serious deportment, and that 
maturity of tlionght, uliich she early displayed. 
From her childhood, siic was given to reading and 
thinking upon religious subjects. As her health de- 
clined she manifei-ted a du-eper concern about the sal- 
vation of her soul and gave conjfortabic evidence 
of an interest in divine grace. 


473. Nule. — The rev. No \n Aldex was born 
in that partof Midilleborough, called Tilii|uot, 31 
May, 1725, and in time of the great revival of re- 
ligion, in 1741, became a convert and, soon after, a 
preacher of the gospel, of the baptist denomination- 
He was ordained over a society in Staftord, on the 
5 of June, 1755, and held his pastoral relation in 
that place for ten yeiirs. 

Tiie late aged and rev. I^aac Backus of Titiquot, 
ill a letter to the author of this Collection, dated, 15 
3Iarch, 1804, says " some in his church appeared 
so openly against good order, that he was dismissed 
by the advice of a council, 28 August, 1765. He 
then travelled and preached in various places till he 
was installed in Eellingham, 12 November, 17G6, 
vhere he was useful, as long as he lived. Several 
time?, when he has visited 3Iiddleborough, I have 
gone and supplied his people at Bellinghani, and 
his preaching was ever much esteemed in his native 
place, as well as in many other parts of the coun- 
try. In December, 1763, he went thronsh Woo('- 


stock and only preached one sermon there , but ii 
was blessed for the conversion of one young man, 
who had been a leader in vanity, and lie then be- 
"canie so in religion, and was afterwards a minister 
of the gospel. 

" JMr. Alden was a member of the convention, 
which formed the Maj:sachusctts' constitution of 
government, and so he was of that, which adopted 
the constitution of the United Stateg. Bat the af. 
fairs of the clrarch of Christ and watching fur sonls, 
as one, who must give account to God, were his 
great concern, until he died, with mucli peace of 
mind, 5 May, 1797, nearly 72 years old." 

The subject of this article married -Joanna Vaug- 
Iian, by whom he had three sons and several daugh- 
ters. He was the youngest son of John Aklen, 
who settled in IVliddleborough and lived to a great 
age, and grandson of Joseph Alden, noticed in 
!he 382 article of this work. His mother was 
Hannah White, a daughter of captain Ebenezer 
White of Weymouth. His parents had thirteen 
children; 1. David Alden, who married .luda Pad- 
dleford ; 2. Priscilla Alden, whose husband was 
Abraham Borden ; S. Tiiankful Alden, whose hus- 
band was Francis Eaton ; -i. Hannah Alden, m hose 
husband was Thomas Wood; 5. Lydia Alden, whose 
first husband was Samuel Eddy and second. John 
Fuller ; 6. Mary Alden, whose husband was Noah 
Thomas; 7.* Abigail Alden, whose husband was 
Nathan Thomas ; 8. Josgph Alden, who married 
HaitnahHal!"; 9. John Alden, who married Lydia 
iazellforhis first wife and Kebecca AVettson for 


his second ; 10. Kbcnezcr Al<len, wlio married A niia 
IVIii taker f>)r his fir^t wife and Rebecca Sii:ltli for 
jiis sccorrd. At twenty years of age, he went, witli 
many otliers, from New Kngland, on tlie expedition 
to Cuba, where he was taken prisoner, find sufl'eied 
great hardships, not being released under ten yeais. 
11 and 12. Sainufl and Nathan Alden, who died at 
an early age ; 13. Noah Alden, the principal sub- 
ject of thi? memoir. 

47-4. Note. — Tlie vrnrraMe and pifnis mr. Thomas 
Ad\3IS, of Medfield in Massaclnisctts, a descend- 
ant from Henry Adams, who came to America, 
about the year, ICSO, the father of miss Hannah 
Adams, well known in the literary world, deceased, 
on the 13 of .Tuly, 1812, in the 88 year of his age. 
The late excellent and rev. doctor Prentiss, his be- 
loved pastor delivered a sermon, at his funeral, 
from 1 Thi'SS. 4. 13, from whicli the following pas- 
sages, respectful to the memory of mr. Adams, are 

Speaking in reference to his text, he says, " The 
subject is clearly applicable to the mourners on the 
present occasion. Their departed friend was not 
unseasonably called out of life. He has gone off the 
stage ripe in years, and, we trust, in grace, and 
Tiicet to pnrlakc of the inheritance of the saints in light. 
" Early in life, his soul was brought under awak- 
ened and serious impressions, and turned to a sober 
examination of the doctrines and duties of christian- 


tty. A warm aR'eclion for book?, and an ardent 
thirst for knowledge, led hiin to a veiy extensive 
course of reading. He acquainted himself with all 
ihc variety of opinions, whicii have been embraced 
in the christian world ; and, comparing them with 
the scriptures, he was frouj conviction, established 
in congregational principles, and in the belief of 
the general doctrines of the reformation. From 
these princi|dc3, through a long course of life and 
reading, he never saw occasion to depart. 

"Like one Mnason, of whom mention is made 
in the Acts of the Apostles, he Mas literally an old 
disciple of Christ. Almost sixty-one years have 
elapsed, since he made a pubiick profession of reli- 
gion, and united with the church of Christ. Dur- 
ing that uncommon period, he was regular and con- 
stant in attendance on the pubiick worship and or- 
dinances, and maintained the character of a sincere 
and upright christian. 

" He was ever strongly attaclied to the society 
of literary and serious people, particularly of the 
clergy, with a large number of whom he kept up a 
very friendly intercourse. There is reason to be- 
lieve, that by his exertions, for many years, m 
ilisperslng various books, he contributed, in no 
small degree, to the diftusion of knowledge and 
piety, and to the advancement of the cause of 
Christ. Few persons, it is believed, have done so 
lauch in this way to benefit their fellow men. He 
was often heard to say, that he knew no mode, 
•ifl which he could be so H?(>ful. Frequectiy, ivro 


lir employed as an agent, in this v. ay, to distribute 
tlic charity of other religious people ; a service, in 
which he evidenced much satisfaction, and ever ap- 
peared solicitous to perform it to the best advantage. 

" Blessed with a memory uncommonly retentive, 
lie had amassed such a stock of knowledge, that he 
was literally able to bring out of his Irffisiux lliingf: 
71CIV (Did old. On all occasions, and on almost 
any subject, he was ready with ufcful and perti- 
nent remarks. Rut subjects connected with religion 
wore most congenial to his taste and feelings. On 
these he conversed with the greatest freedom, and 
the most sensible delight. 

His powers of mind he retained in an uncommon 
degree, under the decays and infirmities of the out- 
ward man. On the last day of his life, when he 
was unable, by any clear articulation, to communi- 
cate his feelings and views, he manifested, by looks 
and significant gestures, a full apprehension that 
his departure was at hand, and that lie enjoyed the 
supports and comforts of religion, and was sustained 
by that hope, which is an ancltor lo the soul, both raire 
and skaclfasl. Being asked if he could say with 
tlie Apostle, I am now ready to be offend ; hcnct- 
forth lliere is laid tip for mc a crown of righteousness, 
which the Lord, the righteous Judge sh(tll give me ? 
be very fsignilicantly replied in the affirmative ; and 
gave ail the evidence, which his situation permitted, 
of a firm, unshaken confidence in the mercy of (iod, 
through the merits and the mediation of Jesus 
Christ. Thus this aged servant of God fell alecp. 


and left his beloved friends to mourn not as tkosa 
tcho have no hope.''* 


475. Note. — The rev. Tiiom a.s Prentiss, D. D. 
who was graduated, at Harvard college, in 1766, 
the venerable pastor of the church and congregation 
in Medfield, departed this life, on the '26 of Feb- 
ritdary, 1814, in the 66 year of his age. The illness, 
vvhicli in a few days brought iiiui to his grave, was a 
fever, which he caught in visiting a dying parishion- 
er. Asasounddivinc, an exemplary christian, and a 
faithful minister of tlie gospel, he held a conspicuous 
rank among his brethren. 


476. Nole. — Mr. Joshua Spooner, of Brook- 
field, was, in a most barbarous manner, murdered, 
in 1778, by three ruffian?, hired by one, who ought 
to have been the Under companion of his bosom; 
all of whom were apprehended, tried, convicted, 
and executed for the nefarious deed. 


477. Note. — The hon Theodore Sedgwick, 
while on the circuit, as one of the justices of the 
Fupreme court of Massachusetts, was taken ill and 
died, in Boston, on the 24 of January, 1813, at 
the age of sixty-seven years. He was educated at 
Yale college, where he was graduated in 1765. 
H» VMS ri TT.ernber of ih«i .'VT)p-.-irao j\ -^id ^mv of A r*s 

iaJ Sciciie*?, bjJ receivcil ihe Louorary dfgitc t-f 
doctor of laws from Har\ar\l univer«ily and New 
Jersey college, ami bad btx-n, for a long tiaie, a nc- 
preser.lati\'>e ia congress, aaJi, for a conjiilcraWe 
jkeriod, speaker of the house of rcpre<entaiives. Ho 
had also been a senator in the national gi>> t-rmnf nt. 
He discharged the duties of all the offices, which he 
sustained in life, with booour tobiaiself and satii- 
faction to ike publick. 

AMnr.Rsr, mass. 

4TS. AW. — The han.SiMEox Stbosc. \\a:9 botu, 
at Northampton, in ITJj, b»it at the age of about 
seveji years, bis parentsijettled in Amherst, where 
he spent the most of las life. He was distin^«i>hctl, 
from an early age, by the sobriety and dectncy of 
his manners and by a rejecting and sagacious mind. 
He was educated at Yale college and had the 
honour, after graduation, of receiving the premium 
instituted by the learned and generous dean Berke- 

Tbeolc^y was his favoarite study through life. 
For several years, he was a very acceptable 
pneadier of the gosj>el and bad repeated invitations 
to settle in the ministry; bui, being aillicted with 
pulmonary complaints, he t\-as obliged to relinquish 
the profession nearest to his heart. He then de^ ot- 
ed his attention to jurisprudence and, in due time, 
becair^ an etninent practitioner at the bar. 

In IGOO, be was appointed one of the justices of 
Uie suprcce judicial court of Massachusetts. Ia 


1805, he received, from Han'ard univerjity, the 
honorary dejjree of doctor of laws. 

In all the relations of life his character was esti- 
mable to an uncommon degree. For minute and 
ioicrcsuog memoirs of the learned, pious, and ex- 
cellent jud^ Strong, the reader is referred to the 
Panoplist. He died, 14 Decemtjer, 1805 ; and just 
before he expired, he said, that, as he had long been 
a professor of the religion of Jesus Christ, lu luipid 
to die in the fidktt hditf of Ihnf, religion ; and Ihat 
hit only hope xrat thron^h the atornnf nt i,f il:f Sn. 


479. Note. — The rev. Stephex WiLLrAMs, 
D. D. of Long >Ieado\r, in Springfield, died, on the 
lOof June, 1782, in the 90 year of his age. He 
was tbe !«on of the rev. John Williams, and was 
carried into captivity with his father and others, in 
1704, when Deerfield was sacked by the Indians, 
and many were cruelly put to death with the toma- 
hawk. He obtained a release from his savage cap- 
tors, and returned to hi* friends, 21 November, 1705. 
He was educated at Harvard college, where he wa« 
graduated in 1713. He was a chaplain of the pro- 
vincial force?, at the celebrated siege of Loui^Ujurg, 
in 1745 ; also, at Lake George, in 1755, under sir 
TVUliam Johnson, and the following year, under 
general Winslovv. 

Just before he died, bis family being called aroood 

r^.X. T. TBI. ITI. O 


Jjini, at his desire, he looked upon tlicni anil sniil, /': 
is a great Ihtng to die. I rnnst suy I urn afraid of 
dying. I am afra id of the pangs and throes of death ; 
for death is the wages of fin ; but I atn not afraid to 
be dead; for, I trust that, through the merits and grace 
ofmj dear Jlcdeemer and advoaile, Jesus Christ, the 
sting of death, uhicli is sin. is taken aieat/. 


480. The reverend Jojix Hint. A. M. 
pastor of the Old South Chiucli in Bos- 
ton, died, 30 December, A. D. 1775, aged 
31 years. As orator, scholar, and divine, 
he gave bright presages of future eminence ;. 
and his brief but exemplar} life he devoted 
to the good of liis folIoAv men, until he wa3 
summoned to higher services. 

By consent of his friends in Northampton, 
where he drew his first and last breath, the 
church and congregation, in Boston, Avho 
ordained him, 25 September, A. I). 1771, 
and whose ornament lie shone until death, 
have raised this memorial of iiis vrorth; his 
more lasting praise being in heaven^ to shin* 
as the stars, forever and ever. 

Note. — The forcgnine; iiiscriptioii was written I.y 
adistinguisheil character in .Boston, at the ifciiicst 
of the deacons of the Old Suuth. The nionuinent, 
from which it is taken, was prepared, at Hi?.rtfor<J^ 


fLiui sent to Northampton, 1811, thirty-six yeeos 
after the death of mr. Hunt. The revolutionary 
Mar prevented rar. Hunt's people from showing this 
tribute of respect to his memory at the usual time. 

In a sermon, delivered, at the funeral of mr- 
Hunt, from .Tob 14. 19, by the rev. John Hooker 
of Northampton, the following paragraphs occur. 

" His publick services, as long as he lived, every 
where met with singular approbation ; he waS 
truly a workman, that needed not to be ashamed. 
In prayer he was peculiarly copious, grave, and so- 
]emn, with an unusual variety and pertinency of 
sentiment and language ; and, perhaps, in no part 
of publick exercife did he more excel, than in this. 
As a preacher he was eminent. His compositions 
were correct, manly, and elegant; his sermons 
were rational, judicious, and instructive ; enriched 
with striking and important sentiments ; adorned 
with a variety and noble turns of thought ; enliven- 
ed by a strong, animated, and delicate style ; recom- 
Riended by a delivery remarkably grave, deliberate, 
and emphatical, with a pathos and energy becoming 
the pulpit, and calculated to give every idea, he 
meant to convey, its full weight upon the mind. 

"He loved and he preached the peculiar doctrines 
of the gospel, as they were understood by the fa- 
thers of his country, but w ith a most agreeable open- 
aess and candour of mind. The doctrine of redemp- 
tion, through a Mediator and atoning sacrirlce, he 
•was particularly attached to, and dwelt much upoE 


it, ill tlio course of his life; mid it was liie hope 
and cuiiil'orl of his lii-aii in death." 


48 1 . Here is interred the body of the rev. 
mr. Solomon Stoddard, A. M. sometime 
fellow of Harvard college, pastor of the 
church in Nortliami)ton, N. E, for near 60 
years, who departed this life, 11 Februai^', 
1729, and intlie 86 year of his as:e ; a man ol" 
God, an able minister of the New Testa- 
iTKfit; sin<riilarly qualified for that sacred of- 
lice and faithfiil therein ; niuiieroiis converts 
to Christ by his solid, poAverful, and most 
searchinjj ministry ; a light to the churches 
in jsjeneral ; a peculiar blessinjr to this ; em- 
inent for the holiness of his life, as remai'k- 
able for his peace at death. 

Nulc. — Mrs. F.stlier Stoddard, liis widow, died 
10 February, 1736, lot. 9'2. 


482. Hon. John Stoddard, esq. was 
born, at Northampton, 11 February, 1681, 
and died, at Boston, 19 June, 1748, in the 
07 year of his a,s;e. His widow, Prudence, 
was born, at V/ethersfield, 4 March, 1699, 


and died, at Northampton, 11 September, 


483. Here lies the rev. John Hooker, 
who died of the small pox, 6 February, 
1777, ill the 49 year of his afire and 23 of 
his ministry. In him an excelleot and culti- 
vated genius, graceful elocution, engaging 
manners, and the temper of the gospel united 
to form an able and faithful minister and to 
render him excmplaiy and beloved in all the 
relations of life. The afTcctionate people 
of his cliarge, in remembrance of his many 
amiable and christian virtues, erected this 
monument to his memory. 

Note. — This inscription is stspposed to have been 
written by his excellencj'^, Caleb Strong, whose 
consort is a daughter of mr. Hooker. 


484. la memory of mr. Caleb StronGj 
who died, 13 February, A. D. 1776, in 
the G6 year of his age. 

3Ian's home is in the grave ; 
Here dwells the nniltitiule ; we gazearounc?, 
'We read their monuments, v/e sigh, and while 
Ve sigh, we sink. 




485. In menioiy oliiirs. Phebe Strong, 
tlu; relict ol" nir. Calki; Stronc, mIio died, 
5 .laiiuiuy, anno Domiui 1802, in the ?>5 
year of her ap;e. 

We loved, but not enough, the gentle hand, 
that reared us. Gladly -wouUl we now re- 
cal tiiat softcbt fiieiid, a mother, whose 
mild converse and faithful counsel wc in 
vain reo;ret. 

A'o/e. — These were the parents of his excellency, 
Caleb Strong, governour of llie conuiioinvcaltli of 

noktiiampton, mass. 

486. This monument erected by Joseph 
Clarke to the meniory of the honourable J o- 
8EPH Hawi.ey, esquire, Avho died, 10 
March, 17BS, aped 64 years. 

.V.,/c.— The rev. Joseph layman, D.D. of Hatfielt?, 
who was an intimate friend ofmr. IIaA\ ley, <loliv- 
ered a ■sermon from Is. S. ,t, 2, S, at his interment, 
frv)Ui the mannscript copy of which the following 
dia"act<"ristick sketch is here preserved as a just, 
triimtc of respect to the memory of one, \\ ho, in 
hib^ day, had greater innuence in directing piiblick 
nr^s'ircs, than any other man in the common- 

"The hon. Joseph Ilawlry was of rcjv.udblc par- 


entagc. From his youth be discovered traces of a 
great and noble mind. His elevated genius was 
cultivated and enlarged by the advantages of a pub- 
lick asid liberal education, which lie received at 
Yaic College. In literary attainments, no less than 
in the native strength of his mind, he was truly a 
great man. In the beginning of his publick life, he 
officiated, for a season, in the character of a preach- 
er of the gospel ; and he maintained his reputatioa 
among those, who were best acquainted with his 
life and conversation so as to merit the choice of his 
christian brethren to the office of a deacon of the 
church of Christ in this town ; in which office he 
served this part of our Saviour's family, for several 
years, to the acceptance of his brethren. 

" Having talents peculiarly fitted for civil life and 
having a prevailing inclination to the employments 
of such a life, he devoted himself to the service of 
his country in the profession of the law and soon 
became a deep proficient in that branch of science 
and one of the most able practitioners in his day. 
In his profession lie was eminent for his fidelity and 
integrity, and for his unusual capacity and eloquence. 
Perhaps few have equalled his usefulness in main- 
taining justice and equity among his brethren. He 
was proverbial for his honesty in his calling and for 
the moderate compensation, v/hich he received for his 
painful labours for those, whose causes he under- 
took to defend. Whatever advantages for acquir- 
ing property he had above the greater part, on ac- 
count of his abilities, reputation, and influence ; yet 


Tic was sntisficd with a moderate rstatr, while t1i« 
publick and individuals were richly privileged by 
his most iinremittin.!^ labours. He may justly be re- 
^;retted ns a loss to tiie publick in his useful profes- 
sion and be propounded to tiioseof the same calling, 
as an example of integrity, justice, and moderation, 
worthy their diligent imitation. Furnished with 
eminent abilities for publick business, he wae 
early called by tlic suffrages of the town to serve as 
a representative in the general court. With a few 
intermissions, from an ill state of health, he sustain- 
ed that honourable and useful station for more, than 
thirty years. Fie w-as long distinguished for his 
probity, his inflexible regard to the rights and pri' 
vilegea of his country. He was celebrated for his 
many indefatigable patriotick virtues and exertions. 
"Witii a reputation untarnished in the high station, 
in which he moved, with an unecpialled perse- 
verance, with an acutcncss of penetration and a 
iTi.isterly eloqiience, he, for many years, gave direc- 
tion to publick measures; and was the first promot- 
er and finisher of many important designs of high 
publick advantage. It 1ms been alleged by many 
of his best acijuaintances that no publick man was 
more regarJi^d and followed, tlian our worthy de- 
ceased friend. What was singularly happy and is 
peculiarly advantageous to his memory, his measures 
v.cre dictated by a regard to the publick interest 
and a warm love of country. Assemblies hung 
upon his lips and the violence of party was tamed 
i'v the persuasiou of his eloipience. The most hard^^ 


eritefprises of publick benefit n ere clieerfiilly under- 
taken and executed, througli tlie strength of his 
reasoning and the firmness of his spirit. So that 
future generations will gratefully reniciuLcr him 
as the prudent counsellor, the candid leasoner, and 
the irresistible orator, the friend of his country, 
the scourge of oppressors, and the lover of the liber- 
ties and social hajipiness of mankind. But all 
human glory is clouded with inSnnitieg. By a deep 
hereditary taint he was peculiarly afflicted with 
gloomy and hypochondriacal affections, which, at 
times, rendered his conduct incoherent and his pur- 
suits contradictory, but when exempted from these 
overwhelming complaints, few persons were so gen- 
erally right in their objects and pursuits. To teach 
us the uncertainty of our noblest endowments and 
the duty of a diligent application of our talents to 
Eome salutary purpose we lind this person of u strong 
and comprehensive mind at three dilferent periods 
of life, for several years, under the full dominion of 
his hereditary indisposition, by which the cup of 
life was embittered, his friends greatly burdened and 
afdicted and the community deprived of Ills exten- 
sive services. Thus he, who, by the thunder of his 
oratory, shook the assembly of the ancients, was 
often, by the force of melancholy, reduced below the 
common level of his brethren. The last season of 
this conquering malady, aggravated with heavy 
paralytick complaints, has brought him down to the 
dust of death, where he rests from his labours and 
his works do follow him." 



4uT. Ao/e. — Tlio rev. David Br ainerd, aso* 
of tliR lion. Hczckiuli Bminerd of Hadilam, in C'oii- 
jiecticut, died, iit tlic house of the rev Junatlian 
Edwards, in Northampton, on tlie 9 of October, 
1747, having entered liis 30 year. 

A horizontal slab, of freestone, supported by pil- 
lars, was placed over his precious remains, and is 
rtill to be seen. The inscripti.n, however, is at 
present unknown. It was cut on an inlet of schis- 
tus, wiiich, many years since, was totally destroy- 
ed Ijy liie frost. 

The subject of this acticle was greatly digtinguisk- 
ed by the indefatigable, pious, and successful minis- 
terial services he performed among the poor abori- 
ginal natives of this country. No one ever had 
niore of the right spirit for a missionary, than inr. 
Braincrd. For a time, notwithstanding his zr>al 
and happy talents for an employment, which en- 
grossed the powers of his body and n.ind, he met 
with great discouragements in his arduous endea- 
vours for the salvation of the heathen ; yet, at 
length, his importunate prayers were wonderfully 
answered, his labours were blest, and multitudes, 
v/ho were perisiiing for lack of vision, were hi'ought 
out of pagan darkness into the glorious light of the 
gos[ie!. The wilderness, which had, for agc«, re- 
sounded with the dismal powwows of superstition, ■ 
was made, to echo to the sw eet notes of redeeming 
love and to rejoice and blossom like the rose. 

Tie account of mr. Brainerd's life, suiferinirf, 


labours, anJ death, written in a plain unvarnished 
style and published by nir. Edward?, is, to the fol- 
lowers of Jesus, one of the most interesting works, 
which this country has ever produced. 


48". Reverend Rlssell's remains, avIio 
first eatliered and, for 33 years, faitlifully 
governed tlie flock of Christ in Hadly til 
the cheif Shepherd suddenly but mercifully 
called him off to receive his reward, in the 
66 year of his age, 10 December, 1092. 

Note.—kioS'e and Whailey, two of the regicides, 
were concealed from the rage of their pursuers, for 
several years, in the rev. mr. Russell's cellar. One 
of tliein was there, for a long time, and was so 
carefully screened from the publlck eye, that none 
of mr. Russell's neighbours had any knowledge of 
the circumstance. The tradition is, that, on a 
certain occasion, when the town was besti by In» 
dians, an aged man, of a remarkably venerable as- 
jtect, with a long beard, white as the driven snow, 
suddenly, rushed into the engagement, fought with, 
wonderful adroitness, anim.ated tiie soldiers by his 
cheering language and valiant conduct, was of es- 
sential service in repelling the enemy, and immedi- 
ately withdrew, they knew not m hither. It was re- 
ported that an angel bad appeared, with a svvonf 
like that of Gideon and the Lord, had headed thc>. 
aruiy, and had given ther.i the victory. 



' 480. Here lies interred the body of tlie 
rev. Isaac Chal.vcy, pastor of the first 
church of Christ in Iladley, who was of a 
truly peaceable and catliolick spirit, a good 
scfiolar, an eloquent orator, an able divine, 
a lively, palhetick preacher, a burnins; and 
shinin^'^ light in this candlestick, an exem- 
plary christian, an Israelite indeed, iu whom 
was no guile. He departed this life, 2 May, 
A. D. 1745, cetat. 74. 


490. Here rests the body of the rev. 
mr. Chester Williams, in Avhom bright 
parts, solid learning, unfeigned piety, happy 
elocution, universal benevolence, hospitali- 
t}-, and christian love combined to form the 
exemplary pastor, the kind liusband, the 
tender parent, the dutiful companion, and 
the faithful friend, who departed this life, 
13 October, 1755, setat. 30. 

hadlev, mass. 

491. Here rests the body of tlie lion. 
Eleazer Porter, esq. a lover of his 

countvv nnd un'ivrrcallv brnrvolmt. He 

Gompassionaicd the distressed, rcliced the 
poor, was the orphan's friend, a kind luis- 
hand, tender parent, a lover of good mm, 
and an exemplary christian. He died, 6 
November, 1737, anno a?tatis 59. 

492. Note. — The rev. Sami'll Hovuins of 
West Springfield, an eminent minister of the gospel, 
ilied ill tiie year 1755, about 60 years of age. He 
was the author of Memoirs of the Housatunnuk In- 
dians. The subject of the following article was hig 
•=ocond son. 


493, Sacred to the memory of tlie rev. 
Samuel Hopkins, D. D. who, in christian 
duty exemplary, in friendsliip frank and 
sincere, in pnidence and meekness eminent ; 
able in counsel, a pattern of piety and puri- 
ty, ever upriirht and honourable in conduct, 
the epitome of the heart; as a peacemaker 
blessed, as a minister of Christ, skilful and 
valiant in the truth ; havinjr, v>ith ability 
and cliarity, long magnified his holy olTicc, 
and served God and his generation faithful- 
ly; fell asleep, 8 March, A. D. ISll, in 
ri.\. I.— VOL. iir. H 


the 82yparof liis ago and tho 57 of his miiu 


Note. — The fullouing paragraphs are selected 
from a sermon on -1 Cliron. 24. 15, 16, delivered at 
the funeral of doctor Hopkins, by the rev. Joseph 
Lyman, D. D. of Hatfiehl, wiiich is before the 

" Doctor Samuel Hopkins, whose remains are be- 
fore us, was descciukd from reputable parents, dis- 
tinguished for the rich endowments of their minds 
and the eminent piety of their lives. His father was 
the rev. Samuel Hopkins, of West Springfield, who, 
for thiity-five yca.T?, was the worthy and much re- 
spected minister of the church and people in that 
town. His mother was the eldest daughter of the 
Tev. Timothy Edwards of East Windsor in Connec- 
ticut. The deceased was their second son, born the 
iO October, old style, A. ». 1729. From his 
youth he was of a serious mind ai)d of a disposition 
peculiarly amiable. He has said, that if his heart 
had ever been inclined to n^ake religion his choice 
and to close witli Christ as liis Saviour, he must at- 
tribute it under God to the fervent and christian 
counsels and instiuctions of his pious mother, wlier 
was, painfully, attentive to his spiritual intercsli. 
irom his early childhood. 

" Having a mind bent upon science and literatnrcv 
&e Vv-as favoured by his father witli a publick edu- 
cation and was graduated, at Yale college, A. D. 
17i9. For his distinguished attainments in litera- 
+i7re. hfi -vjs appointed, ia ITjI. n, tutor rS <1ie 


same college, in whicli office lie laboured for three 
years. In 1752, he made a publick profession of 
religion and was admitted to the communion of tlie 
church under the pastoral care of iiis father. 

" He was ordained over the church and congrega- 
tion in this town, on the last Wednesday of Febru- 
ary, 1755. In the year following he formed a mat- 
rimonial connection witli mrs. Sarah Williams, whose 
virtues Avill be held in respect, and whose memory 
will be precious to all, who were favoured by an ac- 
quaintance with her. She was the relict of the rev. 
Chester Williams, the respectable and beloved pas- 
tor of this church, who was taken oS'frora his work, 
in the midst of life and usefulness. She was the 
daughter of the honoiu able judge Porter. By her 
second marriage, her five orphan children came un- 
der the guardianship and instruction of one of the 
best and most faithful fathers. The abiding sense 
of their obligations to a father, so good and impar- 
tial, will not permit their lips to be silent in his 
praises, in the expressions of their gratitude. 

" By his first marriage, doc. Hopkins blessed 
with a numerous family ofnine children, all of whom, 
excepting his eldest son, an amiable youth of fair 
promise, now survive him and are settled in fami- 
lies of their own. His children and numerous de- 
cendants have profited, greatly, by his parental 
attention to their temporal interests, by his exam- 
ple of industry, economy, and charity, by his re- 
markable talents in family government, but, most 
of all, by big holy life, his faithful religious coun- 

scls, and fervent prayers for llicm at the throne o! 
grace. For years to come, his ilescentlaiits will have 
occasion to rise up and bless his memory and show 
their humble {i;ratitude to God, l)y following the 
example of a father, so wise, and so provident of 
their best interests in the present and fnt'ire world- 

" He lived happily and joyfully, with the wife of 
his youth, for the term of eighteen years, when he 
WAS called to the sore and alllicting trial of a «ei)ara- 
tion by her death. 

" Xearly three years after, he formed a second re- 
putable and happy connection with miss Margaret 
Stoddard, a worthy branch of a worthy and honour- 
Jible family. In this union he continued for twenty 
years, until October, 1796, when his former griefs 
and sorrows were renewed, by her sudden removal 
from him. From that period, until the time of his 
departure, he lived in the solitary state of widow- 
hood, comforted and supported, as we trust, by the 
assiduous discharge of his ministerial duties, by the 
filial attentious of his children, and, above all, by 
a greater nearness to God. 

"When we leave the circle of domestic]; life and 
follow tho deceased into the intercourses of j)rivat* 
and personal Iriendthip, we shall continue to find 
abundant reason to esteem an<l respect him. The 
frank sincerity of his heart and the hilarity of his 
manners, tempered by prudence while they were 
teasoned with pleasantry, made him the chosen 
companion of persons of all ages and of all grades 
in soriefy. In all companies, he made himself ac- 

cepKabie aad by seasonable reflections and usettri 
hints, uliich dropped easily from his tongue, all 
were delighted and all might be improved and made 
better. Seldom have we seen so much innocent 
pleasantry mingled with so much solid sentiment 
and profitable instruction. 

" In his friendships, I have seldom known his 
equal for constancy and fidelity. No man ever 
made it more his duty to reprove in others what he 
found amiss. Yet his manner of reproof was so 
timely, so well chosen, so frank and sincere, so 
kind, meek, and benevolent, that the bonds of 
fricnds-hip and confidence w-ere strengthened by 
these difficult and painlnl ofSces of love. He was 
remarkable for reproving failiifully without giving 
■vnuecessary pain or leaving any impressions of of- 

" As a minister in the house of God, doctor Hop- 
tins was well versed in those branches of science 
•connected with his sacred profession. Deeply read 
in the science of theology, by a strength of mind 
aiore than common, he made a happy progress and 
was an able and sound divine. Extensively ac- 
quainted with the doctrines of Christianity, he was 
M ell able to vindicate and defend the faith delivered 
to the saints." 

Many other things are said of this worthy charac- 

ier, from which it may safely be inferred, that he 

was truly one of the excellent of the earth. Th« 

•^:nthoi'*of this Collection regrets that, with regard 



to the venerable uoctor Hopkins arA many otiier 
worthies, whom he notices, he cannot, consittent- 
ly, give more in the cliaracleristick way from his 
ample and rich documents. As it is an object with 
him to bring into view some account of many, of 
Avhom the world was not worthy, he is niider the 
necessity, in gcncriil, of avoiding prolixity, how- 
ever deserving and eminent may bo tlie subjects of 
his memoirs 


494. Nolc. — Samiiol Hopkins, the ehlest son of 
file rev. doctor Hopkins of Hudlcy, was graduated 
at Yale college, in 1117. He devoted himself li> 
ihe study ofphysick and became a practitioner at 
aVewbnry in Vermont. In 178*2, having an opportuni- 
ty to <co in the character of a physician and surj^con 
ofa letter ofmurqne, bound to the We.^t Indies and 
Holland, he embraced it, with a view to visit the 
celebrated hospitals in Euroi)e and to add to his pro- 
fessional knowledge. While at Martinitjuc, he 
died of the yellow fever, 11 July, 1782, in the "6 
year of his age. 


495. Sacred totljc mrinoiy of that venera- 
ble man, deacon Oeadiah Dickinson, who 
early ivitnessed a good confession, who 
through various dispensations, in prosperity 
and advrrj-ity, rxcniprified the rc!i:^ion of 


Jesus ; ^vllo, for many years, used the office 
ofa deacon -well and purchased to himself a 
^ood degree and great boldness in the faith, 
who, in the hope of a better life, fell asleep, 
24 June, A. D. 1788, in the 84 year of his 
age. Is. 20. 19. 

The following is an extract fi om the mantiscripi 
f!e^ln^■ln, on Ecc. 7. 1, delivered at liie funeral of 
deacon Dickinson by the rev. doc. Lyman. 

" Of the vcncraMe person, to whom we are now 
paying the last olTicesof duty and love, we may say, 
v.ith a good degree of humble assurance, that he 
possessed that go'jd name, which is as precious 
elntmerft, and that the day of his death was better 
tbaii the day of his birth. It :vas a day, in which 
he received a .stronger testimony of his Father's 
love, in being strijiped ofthat vefi of weakness and 
mortality, that flct^h and blaod, which cannot inherit 
the kingdom of GoJ. The deceased was early im- 
pressed w'ith a deep conviction of the impartance 
and bfeauty of religion ; and he witnessed a good 
ecofe.^^sion of his faith in Christ. Few, in the general 
tenour of a long life, have been enabled by divine 
grace to adorn tlieir profession so well, wiihout 
many imperfections and back-siidings." 

i%. Note. — The rev Willi \m Williams^ 
the third settled minister in Ilatr.eld, was the cele- 
brated pastor of the church aad congregation in 

that place, foi- luore, than fifty years. He was suc- 
ceeded by the rev. Timotiiy AVoodbrid^e, wlio way 
his colleague, a year or two before his death. Mr 
Williams was blessed with four sons, who were 
men of distinction in church and state ; 1. the rev. 
William William-; of Wfston in iMassiichiisetts ; C. 
the rev. Elis-ha Williams!, who was settled in the 
uiiiiislry at Wcthersfield, in Connecticut, who was 
an agent for the colony at the court of (Jreat Bri- 
tain, and who, from 1726 to 17.39, was rector ol 
Yale college ; 3. rev. Solomon AVilliams, D. D. ol 
Lebanon in Connecticut, a minister of great distinc- 
tion, whose pastoral labours were continued Ibi 
more, than fifty years; 4. Israel Williams, esq. 
whose epitaph follows, and who occupied tlie family 
mansion house in Hatfield. 


497. In memor}- of tlie hoii. Israkl Wjl- 
IjIams, esquire, who drparted this life, 10 
January, 1788, in the 79 year of his a«je. 
Hi£;h and low, rich and poor are deatli's 
equal prey, and no valuable distinction sur- 
vives his resistless attack, but that, which 
ennobles an angel, the love of God. 

All on earth is shadow, all beyond 

Is substance ; the reverse is folly's creed. 

}!ow solid all, where change shall be no more ! 

Note. — The rev. Joseph Lyman, D.D. delivered 
a dlFcoHrs" from Ecc 9. 12, at the interment of 


Ills distinguished pari.'hioner, from the mauuscripl 
copy of which the subsequent sketch was trans- 
ei-ibed, at the request of tlie autlior of lliis work. 

" The deceased, t!ie honourable Israel AVilliara?, 
esq. was of worthy descent and lineage, proceeding 
from pious and distinguished ancestors. "Hisvenera- 
ble father was long the nffcctienate and able min- 
ister of Christ in this town ; and souio arc now re- 
maining with us. who will, probably, iiave occasion 
forever to bless God for his labours with tliem in 
the gospel of Jesus. His motlier was a daughter of 
the venerable Stoddard, a name still dear and res- 
pected in the New-England churches. He was the 
last surviving son of a family blessed with children 
eminent for their parts, their usefulness, and repu- 
tation. Ha\ ing received the advantages of a pub- 
lick education, he devoted himself to the service of 
Lis country in civil employments and \^ ith great 
ability he discharged the oflice of a representative 
of this town, for several years, at the general court, 
and was called to serve the government in the erai' 
nent station of a counsellor. He was, many years, 
judge of probate and chief judge of the county 
court, in wliich offices he conducted with that abili- 
ty and integrity, which made him truly respected 
and a publick blessing. In private life he was frank, 
open, and undisguised, liberal and compassittnate to 
the poor, and distinguished for his hospitality. He 
nvas early married to the daughter of the lion. mr. 
Chester of Wethersfield, by whom he had a numer- 
•eus family of children, six of whom are now tlie 


surviving mourners of Ills Jcatli. Upoa the 10 
instant, by a &ad and disastrous fall, he was mortal- 
ly wounded in his head and expired in less, than 
two hours, from that fatal accident. Thus, alth<nii5h 
be fell by a sorrowful occurrence of proviilencc, hr 
died in a good old age. full of days, riches, and 
honours, and was gathered to bis people in the 79 
year of his age." 


498. Interred tlie remains of mrs. Sauah 
Williams, the daughter of the hon. John 
Chester, esq. and worthy consort of the hon. 
Israel AVilliams, esq. She departed this 
life, the 18 of September, A. D. 1770, aged 
63 years. 


499. In niemoiy- of the rev. TiMOTiit 
WooDBRiDGE, for 30 ycars, pastor of the 
churcli of Clnist in tlie town of Hatfield. 

This man of God, wlio called on the Lord, 
out of a pure heart, followed after righteoun- 
ness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meek- 
ness, apt to teach, charitable, and gentle to 
all men, departed this life, on the 3 of June, 
A. D. 1770, in the 58 year of his age. 


5.00. To the memory of mr. Jacoc Wal- 


KER, who, res^^pecled by the bra\c, beloved 
by his counti-}'s friendp, dear to his rela- 
tions, while manfully defending the laws and 
liberties of the commonwealth, nobly fell by 
the impious liand of treason and rebellion, on 
rhc 17 of Fcbruai^-, 1787, in the 32 year of 
his age. Citizen passing, drop a tear, and 
leam to imitate the brave. 

Noie. — This valiant friend of his country was kil- 
led in a dastardly manner, by one of the dehided fol- 
lowers of Shays in time of an alaiining insurrec- 
tion in New-England. For a luminous and inter- 
Cfting history of the rebellion in jMa'sachusetts, 
headed by Daniel Shays, in 1T36 and 1787, the read- 
er is referred to the work of the late hon. George 
Richards iMinot on the subject. 


jOI. Note. — The rev. John Hdbbard, pastor 
of the church and congregation in Northfield, de- 
parted this life, 'i3 November, 1794, in the 69 year 
ijf his age. He was a son of deacon John Hubbard 
of Hatfield. He ir.arricd miss Anna Hunt, a dauich- 
tcr of captain Samuel Hunt of NorthHeld, by whom 
he had ten children. The following tribute of re- 
spect to his memory is from the sermon delivered at 
bis interment by the rev. Joseph Lyman, D. D. of 
Hatfield. The text used on that occasion may be 
seen in the 2 Tim. 4. 7, 8. 

"Mr. Hubbard avp3 dr-scended from respectable 


{parents, who were most of all dibtinguished fur 
a blaiuclcss, holy, anil christian life. It was their 
wise care to give their son a pious education. Th«? 
grace of God co-operated with their endeavours and 
llu'ir hearts were made glad with his early improve- 
ments in virtue and religion. The happy conse- 
quences of tUeir discreet care were experienced by 
their son and have extended themselves, in copious 
bene'its, to this people and to the clinrch of God all 
around us. Such extensive benefits, derived from 
the faithfulness of parents in educating their child- 
ren, should be an effectual incentive to all, early 
to teach their offsprinir the good knowledge and feat- 
*f the Lrrd. 

" Mr. Hubbard, having obtained the honours and 
advantages of a publick, liberal education, devoted 
himself to the service of Christ in the evangelical 
ministry. In early life, he was called to settle with 
this peojilc. He accepted their invitation and took 
the charge of their souls. He lived in the conscien- 
ces and afiections of his people, and preached to 
them the gospel of the grace of God, with much ac- 
ceptance. He, in general, possessed their cordial 
love and esteem. 

" 1 need not tell you how firmly he was, in ?enti- 
mcnt, attached to the doctrines of grace, those pe- 
culiar and leading doctrines of the gospel. As he 
sincerely believed them, so, with strict unifcrmity, 
with pious contention and palhetick zeal, he preach- 
ed them to his people. He was an affectionate and 
sound prt->achf c cf iVre gospel. Hp wa<! p man ff 

prayer. He wrestletl with Goil, until, as a piiuct\ 
he pievailcil in b!cs<inc;« upon his people. He loved 
his peoi)le, he loved his work, he loved his blaster. 
By the uncorrtiptness and purity of his life, he ex- 
emplified tlie dictriiies he taui;hl. He laboured 
afier that ministerial greatness and dignity, which 
consist in sound doctrine and holy living; a great- 
ness, which is not buried in the grave, but goes 
along with us into heaven. That he might be truly 
great, he laboured to be good. 

" After a long and painful ministry, in the latter 
yeai-s of which he patiently encounteicd heavy bodily 
infirmities, he has obtained, in his closing moments, 
the hopes and cinsolations, which flow from con- 
scious fidelity in his Masters's work. Having, as 
we trust, been faithful unto death, he is now par- 
taking of eternal life." 


502. In nrcmoiy oftlie hon. John Has- 
tings, esq. Avho, an early professor of the 
faith of Christ, observed strictly jrosptl or- 
dinances; in perilous times faithfuily per- 
formed the duties of the citizen patriot; for 
36 years, an upright magistrate and, for 2a 
years, a senator or counselloi- of tliis com- 
monwealth ; was gathered to his fathers, C 
December, A. D. 1811, in the 74 year ei 

Mar. I. — vol. III. I 


his age. Her strong rods were broken and 
withered. Ezekiel. 


503. Here lies interred the remains ol' 
Olivf.r Partridce, esq. who died, the 
21 of July, A. D. 1792, in the 81 year of 

his age. 

His usefulness, in cliiirch and state, 

AVas early kiiouii to men ; 
Blest with an active life, till late, 
And happy iu his cad. 

The family of Partridge here interred aie 
descendants from William Partridge, who 
came from Berwick on Tweed in Great Bri- 
tain and died in Hadlcy. Oliver was the 
son of Edward, Edward was the son of Sam- 
uel, Samuel Avas the son of William, who 
was one of the first adventurers in forming 
settlements on Connecticut river in the 1 7 


504. Here are interred the remains of 
mrs. Anna Partridge, consort of Oliver 
Partridge, esq. who died, 21 Dec. \ T> 
1802, in tlT^' u^ renr of hf>r ase. 


In youth devoted to t'le Lord, 
Through a long life, esteeiuM his word ; 
Trusted in Kiod, Jiis laws obey'd, 
And thus an happy exit luade. 

505. Note. — The rev. Moses Baldwin was the 
first, who received a baccalaureate at Princeton, he 
having been at the head of the class, which was 
graduated there in 1T5T, He was a native of New- 
ark, where he had the most of his collegiate educa- 
tion. The college of New Jersey was first in oper- 
ation in 174T, at the borough of Elizabeth, under 
the presidency of the rev. .Jonathan Dickenson. On 
his decease, it was removed to Newark, in 1743, 
and was committed to the care of the rev. Aaron 
Burr. In 1T56, it was permanently fixed at Prince- 

Mr. Baldwin was invested with the pastoral care 
of the church and congregation in Palmer, Massa- 
chusetts, 17 June, 1761, and continued in this con- 
nection until the 19 of June, 1811. At this time, 
the relation between him and his people was d)S!,<)lv- 
ed by mutual consent. He died, about a year alter, 
at 71 good old age, having survived every male in- 
habitant, who was at the head of a family when he 
settled in the place. 

It has been stated by one, who gave a concise 
obituary notice of the subject of this article, that 
as a minister of the gospel he was failhfol and dili- 
gent in discharging the duties of his olfice. Few 


"have gone through greater variety of trial?, fi'vV 
have subsisted upon a smaller annual stipend, and 
few have ever manifested a stronirer attachment to 
a people, r-r sought more earnestly the good of ?oh!s 
committed to their care, than mr. Baldwin. His 
greatest ambition Avas to live to the glory of God. 
He strenuously nmintained and defended the system 
of faith once delivered to the saints in simplicity 
and purity. His preaching was impressive, for 
Christ nud his cro/^s utre all Itis tlieme. His powers 
of elocution were respectable, and he had the happy 
talent of gaining the attention of his auditors to an 
uncommon degree. He was punctual in the dis- 
charge of all duties, publick and private. As a 
husband and parent he was tender and affectionate, 
keloved and respected. 


506. Note. — Mrs. Mary Reed, daughter of 
the rev. F.liab Stone of Reading, and cousort of ma- 
jor (honey Reed of Brnokfield, departed this life, 
suddenly, labore parlnriendi, 1 December, 1304, iu 
the 30 year of her age. The following passage in 
form of an epitai)h was written by an intimate fe- 
male friend and was published in the Boston Week- 
ly Magazine. 

" In the death of this much esteemed woman her 
relatives and acquaintance have lost an endeared 
friend and companion ; society a highly valued 
member. Those virtues and accomplishments, which 
make lovely, were hers, ia an eiiiineut degree. Pos- 


s«ssing an elevated mind, enriched by a ereative 
fancy and sprightly wit, she was Justly acknowledg- 
ed the life of the circles, in which she moved. A 
sensibility, perhaps too refined, made her happy in 
the happiness of others, and first to commiserate 
and relieve the uufoi lunate. The muses have lost a 
favourite, and musick, chanting her requiem, will 
pay a tributary tear. The character of mrs. Reed 
will command respect, while virtue is held in esti- 

The subjoined apposite lines were selected for a 
part of the monumental inscription. 

Lo, where this silent marble weeps, 

A friend, a wife, a mother sleeps ; 

A heart within whose sacred cell 

The peaceful virtues lov'd to dwell. 

Aflcction warm, and faith sincere. 

And soft humanity were there, 

And cheerfulness, with thought refined, 

And modesty with meekness joined. 

Sudden her death, with many a groan ; 

In giving life, she lost her own ! 

50T. Note. — The rev. Warham Williams of 
Waltham was a son of the rev. John Williams of 
Deerfield. He was graduated at Harvard college, 
in 1719, and was ordained, 11 June, 1723. He 
closed a well spent life in June, 1751. In Loring's 
manuscript Journal is the following icnteace, in 


-reference to him. " He was a {;ood minister of Je- 
sus t'lirisit, one well qualiHeil tor the work of the 
ministry, and faithful in tlie discharge of it." 


508. Note. — The rev. NATn\KiEi- Eei.t.ks of 
Scitnate died, .'■uddpnly, in August, 1750. lie was 
a pious man, sound in his princi|)lcs, a pood preacli- 
er, and faithful minister of .Tesus Christ. He was 
often invited to sit in ecclesiastical councils. 3Ia- 
ny pupils were prepared, under his tuition, for ad- 
mission into college. A considerable number of his 
sermons, writ<cn in a correct and neat manner, is 
jstill preserved. 


509. Note. — George Warner, an enterprising 
young man, much endeared to liis relatives and 
friends, after suffering great hardships, died at La- 
guna, on the Spanish main, 25 October, 1809. He 
Avas a son of major Jonathan AVarner of 31edford iu 
Massachusetts. The following lines were written 
"by an affectionate sister, v.hose anonymous, poetick 
productions have often enriched the pages of sevei'- 
al periodical publications. 

'' The genial sun new life bestows 

K'en on the meanest llow'r, that blows ; 

35ut vainly, vainly, may he pour 

His rays on dark Laguna's siiore, 

And vainly strive that gloom to burst, 

Which shrouds, dear George, thy Ijallg'.v'd uiist.' 


Nor genial sun, nor blooming flower. 

Nor summer's breeze shall charm thee more^ 

Yet shall that breeze, as o'er thy grave 

It softly sweeps at dewy eve, 

Still waft aflection's deepest sigh; 

Still shall memory linger nigh 

And weep, forever weep, the sever'd tie,; 

Still hover on that distant shore 

Where now thou skep'st to wake no more 1 


510, Note — The rev. Is vac MottKitL, a wor- 
thy minister of the gospel, left tiie sorrows and 
trials of this life for the joys of a better, on the 17 
of August, 1793, at the age of T5 years. The rev. 
Eliab Stone of Reading preached his funeral sermon, 
from which the following paragraphs are here pre- 

" He was descended from a reputable family in 
the town of Salisbury. He was born, "20 -May, 1718, 
The God of nature furnished him with many excel- 
lent mental talents. These he ini])roved by the com- 
mon coui-se of academick education, and received 
the honours of the university in July, 17ST. ACteif 
the usual studies ie theology, he was ordained to 
the pastoral office, on his birth day, 20 May, 1741. 

" As a minister, he was able, diligent, and faith- 
ful. His sermons were evangelical, rational, plain, 
and practical ; and delivered with such animation 
and propriety, as gained the general attention and 
.approbalioo of his hearers. He was eminent ix». 


prayer, botli for the fervour of devotiou, and perii- 
nericy of lliought and expression on all occasions. 

" As a man, lie was sensible and judicious, social 
and benevolent. Averse to every kind of deception, 
he spoke, without disguise, the sentiments of his 
heart. The plainness and uprightness of his deal- 
ings disti»guished him as an lionest man. And bis 
hosi)itab!c reception of the stnuiger and friend was 
no less remarkable. He was a clieei fal and agree- 
able comj)anion, a firm friend, a kind husband, a 
tender parent, and above all, if we determine the 
goodness of his heart from the exemplary virtue 
and piety, with Avliich his life was adorned, a real 
christian. A few weeks before his death, when 
daily expectiiig it, he told me, that he had not ob- 
tained full assuriuice, but that he was labouring 
after it ; and that he had a good hope, through 
grace, of eternal life. He lab()ur(?d fur more than 
half a century in the vineyard of the Lord. And 
after a long and painful illness, he exchanged the 
afilictions of earth for the joys of heaven." 


511. Hoc coespite vclanturdom. Sawl- 
KMS Cheever ecclf sja: primre Dom. nost. 
Jesu Chvisti apud Marblchead pastoris re- 
verend! reliquiae. Neque ex huraaiiis denii- 
r,ravit annis eatenus gravatus fuit cumqiic 
obiit, licet anniim octngosimum quintiini a 
geret, vinbus tantura non juvcnilibus floruit 


€l vis tandem sennit ; ofiicjo pastoral! crgc. 
Pastoris ma«;ni «;regcin iiiteofritate maxima, 
iKborc, etvigilantia ; amorc bencvolentia, et 
pliiladelpliia, per quinqua^inta annos, fun- 
jiebatur ; laboribus donee fatigatus intra li- 
mina per quatuor fere annos cohibitiis fiiit, 
Jibi studiis et praccationibus enixe attamen in- 
cubuit ; popiilo interea damnum effuse, in- 
signiter quantumlibet reparatum, lugente; 
opera sue demum peracto, ut remuneretur 
acccrsitus fuit, 29 Maii, 1724, et resigna- 
tionc maxima, sine dolore, sine morbo, nisi 
senectute et valetudine vix adversa, tandem 
evasit, suavissimeqiie in Jesu dormivit. 

JVotc. — Mr. CJiecver, tlie first minister, who war. 
settlod in Marblelioad, a son of tlie celebrat£»l 
Ezelacl Choever, was one of the distinguished 
oiergyiucn of New-Enf;lnnd. II i-; successors, in of- 
fice, were the rev- John Barnard, the rev. William 
Wliitwell, the rev. Ehenezer Hubbard, [q. o. v. ia 
Joe] and the rev Samuel Dana, who ia the present 
pastor of the church. 


512. Hoc deciis exiguum sacnim memo- 
ripe reverendi Amesti Cheever, qui ciirsu 
jjeracto aetatis suae 69, 15 Januarii, anno 

Domini, 1750, terrena pro ccelcstibus reli- 

Aoic — The rev. Ames Checver of Mancbebter 
was a. son of the rev. nir. Cheever of ISIarblehead. 


513. S. M. rcveiendi Simoms Broad- 
street, qui, annis triginta tribusquc parac- 
tis iinmere pastorali iu Clnisti ccclesiam 
Marinoracricnscni sccundam, quinto Octo- 
bris die, anno 1771, a^tatisquc 03, in Jesii 
dormivit. ITunianitate caritateque piucla- 
rus, pietate insignis, omnibusque bonis Uter- 
is cximie pra^ditus. 

Qui vitam siiam bene degit honore 
Menioiabitrir ; iicc dies 

Ulla faiiiam r.ondet suani, subinvido 
Oblivii silentio. liuchanan. 

Note. — The rev. Edward Holj-okc, ofterwarda 
president of Harvard college, was tiie fust minister 
of t'lr secfind congregational society in I^laiblehead. 
Mr. Broadstrcet was his successor, after whom 
Mere the rev. Isaac Story, tlie rev. Hczekiah May, 
anil the rev. .lolin Bartlett, the present pastor of 
the church. 

Mr. Bradstreet, as the name is usually written, 
wag distinguished as a linguist, and, more so, for 
Jiis piety and meekness. His father was the rev 
Simon Bradstreet, of Cbarlcstown, a clergyman of 


high reputation. Ilis grandfather Avas the rev. 
Simon Bradstreet, of New-London in Connecticut. 
His great-grandfather, the hon. Simon Bradjtreet, 
was governour of the province of Massachusetts > 
eleven years, and was styled the Nestor of his age. 
[See art. 85.] 


514. Nole. — Story, esq. the second .son 
of the rev. Isaac Story of Marbleiiead and grandson 
of the rev. Simon Eiadstreet, was enrolled among 
the graduates of Harvard college in 1793. Having 
gone through a regular course of study, he became 
a practitioner of the law. For a term of time, ho 
resided at Castine, on the banks of the Penobscot, 
and was the editor of the Castine Journal, a week- 
Jy gazette. He tinally selected Rutland, in Wor- 
cester county, as a more favourable situation for 
his professional labours. 

No one of his age, in Massachusetts, had writ- 
ten more for the periodical publications of his day, 
than the subject of this article. Many pieces from 
The Desk of Bert Hesdin, scjmewhat in the style of 
The Lay Preacher, were from his pen, and were 
published in the Farmer's Museum. He wrote a 
volume under the signature of The Traceller, many 
partsof which v.ere printed in the Columbian Cen- 
tinel. He had a great fondness for the original 
manner of Peter Pindar, and wrote much in iraita- 
tation of this modern bard. A volume, issued by 
>iini from the press, under the tide of The Parnas- 


s.ian f^hop, hy Peter Quinct, was in imitaUon ul Ihe 
the British Pindar. As he began to write while 
very young, not a few prosHJck and poetick piodiie- 
tions were such, as, in riper years, he regretted to 
have j)ublished ; yet there are some of his writings, 
tlie fruit of early age, which received haiul»oiue 
conimendalion from the hite Joseph Dennie. esq. 
and other gentlemen of literary taste and judgment. 

He departed tliis life, at his paternal mansion, in 
July, 1803, at about the age of '20 years. The fi-l- 
lowing notice appeared soon after his decease in 
the Salem Register,. 

"Died at 3Iarblehead Isaac Story, esq. of 
Kutland; a gentleman well known by numerous 
productions in polite literature. In his manners 
Itland, social, and allectionate ; in his disposition 
.••portive and convivial; in his morals pure, gener- 
ous, and unaffected; in his mind vivacious and re- 

"After the usual academick course, he pursued 
the science of jurisprudence and gave promise of an 
honourable station among advocates. In the inter- 
val of juridical studies, he courted the Aonian sisters, 
and occasionally gave to the publick specimens of 
elegant composition. Wit and humour were pro- 
vinces, in which he sought peculiar favour; though 
he not unfrequenlly mingled in his poetick effusions 
the gravity of sententiousnefs with the ligliicr 

''The follow. ing mnnoilv is cittribntcd to mt-. 



Storj-'s kinsman, now one of the justices of the su- 
preme federal court, tlie lion. Josej:h .^tory. 
"Spirit of him, wiiose chastened soul 

Could touch each cord of pure desire, 
Whence, floivn beyond the mind's control, 

Thy brilliant thought, thy Druid fire? 
Lost in thy manliood's chariest bloom, 

O'er thee shall pity meekly mourn, 
And many a sylpii, who haunts the gloom, 

With twilight dews besprend thine urn. 
Beside, thine airy harp shall reft, 

With wonted charms unskilled to play. 
Or wildly moved, in grief suppressed, 

Fling to the breeze its funeral lay. 
Yet may the willow love to bend, 

And there the gentle myrtle woo, 
While softly sighs each passing friend, 

^i, I'orkk, bard of trulh, adku?^' 

515. A'o/e— Philip Ashto.v, jun.of Marblehead, 
when a young man, was taken, 15 June, ll"!"!, in 
the harbour of Port Roseway, by the crew of Ed- 
ward Low, a noted pirate, who, for many years, 
infested the coasts of North America. At the same 
time, Nicholas Merritt, jun. his cousin, met with a 
similar misfortune. Rlerritt, however, found means 
to escape from the hands of the pirates in Septem- 
ber following, but did not reach his native place 
tinder a year after. Ashton was called to greater 
PFW. I.— -797/. ti t. K 


trials. He Mift'ered extreme lianlhlilpa and was of- 
ten in jeopardy of his life, while among the incon- 
scioiiable huccaniers. Low and his men watched 
him so narrowly, that he almost desipaircd of ever 
having an opportunity to gain his freedom, and did 
not effect it, till the 9 of March, llrlS. On that 
day, he obtained permission to go ashore, for the 
first time after his capture, on a small desolate 
West India island called Koataii, with the cooper 
and others, to get water for their sijuadron. He 
was very helpful in rolling the hogsheads to the 
xvatering place, and then pretended to amuse him- 
self, along the shore, in gathering shells and pebble 
atones. At length, he rambled towards the woods. 
The cooper called to hiin. He said he was going to 
jet some cocoa nuts. As soon as he was fairly out 
of sight of his shipmates, he ran, as fast as lie could, 
among the thick brush, till he found a favourable 
place for concealment. He was not so far off, how- 
ever, but he could hear the men talk. They re- 
peatedly called to him, but he made no answer. He 
could plainly understand them when they said, the 
dog has lost himself in the woodi. I'hcy waited for 
him till out of patience, and went off without him, 
to his great joy. Though liberated from the pirates, 
he still had many difficulties to encounter, having 
very scanty means of subsistence and. at length, 
scarcely a rag of clothing left. Besides, his feet 
became extremely sore and he was visited with 
sickness. After nine months, he was attacked by 
gprne Spauiards.who made a descent upon the Island, 


i»ut wonderfully escaped witli his life. In March, 
1725, alruost three years after lie fell into the 
haads of Low, he was taken off fi-om the desolate 
island, by captain Dove, of Salem, and carried in 
safety to his frienWs in Marblehead, who received 
him like one from the dead. 

The subject of this article publislied a narrative 
of the treatment he received among the pirates, and 
of his great suQerings, in a pamphlet of 38 pages. 
Merritt also gave a succinct account of his escape 
from those banditti. The rev. John Barnard deliv- 
ered a sermon from Dan. S. 17, on the return of Ash- 
ton, which, with the two narratives, was given to 
the publick ; but, it is presumed that not three co- 
pies of this interesting work remain in existence. 
The whole is well worth a new impression, and 
ought not to be lost. 

Ashton and Merritt, as well as their piratick cap- 
tors, have long since passed that bom-ii, %ihencc no 
traveller returns. 


5 16. The design of tliis stone is to poini 
out the spot, where Avere interred the remains 
of Isaac jMansfield, esquire, wlio died, 12 
April, 1 792, aged 72 years. 

Note.— Mr. Mansfield, fatlier of Isaac Mansfield, 
esq. who was formerly in the ministry at Exeter, 
Was a gentleman of handsome literary acquirement 
and spent his days in piety and usefuines?- 



517. In memory of nirs;. Ritji Mans- 
FiKi^D, the Avife of Isaac IMan?fieW, «sq. 
vlio died, 5 Ftbioiaiy, 1 784, in the 65 year 
of her u^e. 

Nolo. — Mrs. Mansfield eminent for her knov\- 
lcds:;e easy and instructive conversation, sincerity 
in IViendsliii), exemplary piety, and christian resig- 
nation under threat bodily infirmities of thirty years' 
continuance, wixs universally esteemed and respect- 
ed in the circle of her acquaintance. 


518. Sacred to the mcnioiy of a tender 
■wife and fond parent, nirs. iMary Mans- 
Fiii.D, consort of Isaac Mansfield, esq. vsho 
died, 11 February, 1806, aged 59 years. 


519. Aotc. — The hon. A/oR Orke, of Marble- 
head, departed this life, after a short illness, at Eos- 
ton, 6 June, 179G, in the 65 year of his age. He 
Avas a descendant from worihj' and distinf^uished 
ancustors. His father was Joshua Orne, esi|. and 
his j;randfather was of the same i;ame. They were 
both eminent for their activity and usefulnes-s in 
private ami pul^lick life, and for the excellence of 
chri>tian dcjn rlinent. His mother was a dai^ihtcr 
of Azor Lrale, esq. who was a respectable character." 


He had three children, two sons, and one daughter, 
who lived to have families. 

The subject of this article was remarkable for his 
assiduous application to business, from an early age, 
and his labours were crowned with the smiles of 
Providence. From the commencement of the revo- 
lutionary war, he was one of the most active and 
popular advocates, in New-England, for the liberty 
and independence of the American states- He de- 
voted his time, his talents, and no small amount of 
his property to the noble cause of his country. Af- 
ter the formation of the army at Cambridge and its 
vicinity, he was often employed to address the sol- 
diers on the subjects of disquietude, which agitated 
ihem, and he was happily instrumental in tjuelling 
disorder, inspiring the ardour he felt, and promoting 
a spirit of subordinaiion, till general Washington ar- 
rived. On the appearance of this illusti'ious father 
of the country in the American camp, all uneasiness 
vanished, confidence universally prevailed, and the 
«ivil rulers were exonerated from much anxiety and 

Colonel Orne was a representative at the general 
court, in 1773. He was a member either of the pro- 
vincial congress, or of the state legislature, during 
most of the war. He was one of the convention, 
which formed the present constitution of Massa- 
chusetts, and, for a lime after it went into opera- 
tion, belonged to the council board. He was 
also a member of the convention, in 1788, for dis- 
cussing aud adopting the federal constitution. The 


i>ame yoar he was again chosen to a sent in the le« 
gislativc council, which, by repeated elections", he 
Leld ti) the close of life. In 1T0-, he was one of the 
electors of president and vice president of the Unit- 
ed states. JUis fellow-citizens would clwerfnily 
Lave given him tiieir suft'rages for lieutenant gover- 
nour of the commonwealth, but he nuide.nly refused 
to 1)0 a candidate for that office. The principal rea- 
son he offered Avas, that he had not had opportu- 
nity for making such literary acquirements, as he 
considered important for the station, lie was a 
great advocate for the instruction of youth, and of- 
ten expressed his rejcret, that he had not been fa- 
voured with a lil)eral education. 

On tho sabbath after his interment, the rev. Eben- 
ezer Hubbard deli\ cred a discourse, which was res- 
pectful to the memory of his distinguished parishion- 
er. F.xtracts from this discjurse, which was found- 
ed on these words, Jesus wept, and which was the 
only thing mr. Hubbard ever published, are sub- 

" To draw minutely the character of colonel Orne 
before you, who have beeii so long conversant with 
him, must be unnecessary. It will suffice to men- 
tion some of its most prominent and leading features. 
With this restriction, we may say, that he was re- 
oiarkable for his early and persevering attention and 
api'lication to business. Idleness he greatly detest- 
ed ; aid a careless imjirovidence, as to temporal 
coiiceriis, always met his hi^h disapprobation and 


" Teuiperaiice was a striking feature in the char- 
acter of cdI. Jriic. Though possessed of the means 
of luxury, he coin|)letely controlled his bodily aiijie- 
tiles. lie kept under his body, and brought it into 
subjection. Hereby he preserved, in a state of vi- 
gour, both his mental and bodily faculties; and was 
active and lively, in the employments of life, to the 
utmost ])eriod of his days. 

" To other beings, besides himself, col. Ornc pos- 
sessed suitable regards. The Deity was the object 
of his highest reverence ; and as to Je.'us Clirist, 
Hiui he adored, and in him he put his confidence, as 
the great restorer of the human nature ; all which 
he e\idenced by a solemn and constant attendance 
on all the publick institutions of Christianity. 
Greatly did he adorn, by his deportment and life, 
the profession he made of the gospel doctrine. 

" He was a man of great integrity and upright- 
ness, with respect t« his fellow men. He seemed 
evidently to prefer the peace of his own mind and 
the answer of a good conscience, to all worldly con- 
siderations. The interest and welfare of society in 
general lay near his heart. To this religious so- 
ciety he was a warm friend and benefactor. To the 
town he performed many and long-continued ser- 
vices, earnestly seeking its peace and prosperity. 
To his country he possessed the greatest attachment, 
and for its freedom, independence, and prosperity, 
he made large sacrifices both of his time and sub- 
stance. And. on account of the-io, his eminent per- 
Eoaal virtues, aad publick services, he will oot soon 


be forgotten amongst us. His fame has been wide* 
ly extended, and generations yet to come will re- 
vere liis memory." 

A plain monument covered with a marble slab, on 
which is a very concise inscription, marks the spot 
where rest tiie remains of col. Ornc. The follow- 
ing lines were written for a part of his epitaph, but 
were not used. 
" IVo splendid falsehoods deck these artless lines ; 

Read them, and venerate the hallow'd dust. 
Beneath this stone, the godlike man reclines, 

Honour'd, lamented, by the grateful just. 
Weep with Columbia, o'er the patriot dead, 

AVhose manly virtues did her realms adorn ; 
And as, with solemn footsteps, sad you tread, 

Chant the last requiem to th' illustrious Orne." 


520. Erected with filial afl'ection to the 
memory of the hon. .Iohn Glover, esquire, 
brigadier general in tlie late continental army, 
who died, 30 January, 1797, aged G4 years. 

Note. — The subject of this article, a native of 
Marblehead, was a distinguished officer in the army, 
which, under Providence, secured to the United 
States of America the blessings of liberty and in- 
dependence. He had the conmiand of a regiment 
from the beginning of the revolutionary contest. 
He had tiie honour witli his brave officers and sol- 
diers of forming the advance part of the army, 


which, ill a bold and intrepid manner, crossed the 
Deiuuarc in the niirht of the .^j of Oeceiuber . ;6, 
at a iiu'St iiih i^jiitable and hazardous juncture, dwd. 
added much ti) the martial glory of the American 
forces by capturing, at Trent hi, a thousand Hessi- 
ans, under the immortal Washington. This? propi- 
tious event inspired the continental army with cdh- 
fidoiice of tiie linal happy result, and was fallowed 
vith victories in every quarter, till heaven sanction- 
ed the justice of the America;) appeal with the dis- 
coimUure of the enemy and the freedom of the 
United States. 

General (ilover had the honour of condiicling 
Bnri;oyue's army, after its surrender, throujrh the 
New England states ; and, in various ins-tances, 
during the war, he had the warm approbation aud 
unjualiied applause of his commander in chief. 

A want of documents prevents the aiith.u- .■(" lliia 
work from paying a more full tribute of rcsiiec! to 
the memory of one of the most brave, bold, Uiul 
persevering officers of the revolutionary army, lie, 
therefore, cannot better close this article, than u ith 
an extract from a letter, addressed to general Glov- 
er by general Washington, dated .Morris, 26 April, 
17T7, soon after his appointment to the command of 
a brigade. 

" DilHdence in an officer is a good mark, because 
he will always endeavour to bring himself up to 
what he conceives to be the fill line of his duty ; 
but, I thi ik, I may tell you, without flattery, that 
I know of no man better quaiiiied, than you, to 


conduct a brigade. You have activily and industry, 
and as you very well know the duty of a culoiiel, 
you know how to exact tlial duty from others." 


521, Nutc. — .JonN CowELL, esq. late acting 
lieutenant on board the United States frigate, t-^s- 
?ex, was u native of Marhlehead in Massachusetts. 
lie was the second son of the late captain Richard 
Cowell. His mother, mrs. Hannah Cowell, who 
died in 1809, was a daughter of the hon. John Glov- 
er, a brigadier general and brave officer in the 
American revolutionary army. His academick edu- 
cation he received at a respectable seminary in his 
native place under the tuition of the rev. William 
Harris, D. D. now president of Columbia college. 
At a suitable age, he was placed under the care of 
mr. Samuel Coverly, a merchant in Boston, with 
whom he continued for several years. His desire, 
however, for a seafaring life was so great that lit 
at length obtained a release from mr. Coverly and 
went a voyage before the mast to the norlhwesteru 
coast of America, about the year 1804. 

In another attempt upon the seas, while mate of 
the schooner, Hope, commanded by captain Swan of 
Marblehead, he had a narrow escape with his life. 
The vessel foundered and all hands were obliged to 
take to their boat about midway between Europe 
and America. In that deplorable situation mr. 
Cowell, fearless of personal danger, was of much 
assistance by his courageous anU cheerful convcT 


salion in keeping up the spirits of the crew. A 
British vessel, providentially, found them in a short 
time and took them safe to England. 

He first entered the navy of the United States as 
master of a gunboat. He was soon after sailing- 
master of the Chesapeak, while Isaac Hull, esq. was 
commander. For a season, in the same capacity, 
he was in the Enterprise, the same vessel which had 
the engagement with the Boxer, commanded by lieu- 
tenant Trippe on a southern station. Having ob- 
tained a furlough, he performed a voyage as com- 
mander of a vessel to some part of Europe, and on 
his return became the sailing master of the Essex, 
commanded by David Porter, esq. which left the 
shores of the United States, on the 27 October, 
1812, and on board of which he remained till her 
capture, on the -o of JIarch, 1814. 

Captain Porter in the United States' frigate, Es- 
sex, with 42 guns, after traversing a wide extent of 
the Pacifick, injuring the enemy, by capture and 
otherwise, to the amount of more, than six million 
dollars, was, at length, on the 28 of March, 1814, 
brought to an engagement with the British frigate, 
Phebe, carrying 52, and the sloop of war. Cherub, 
23 guns, at Valparaiso. For more, than two hours, 
he sustained the unequal encounter, before he sur- 
rendered and his crew fought with a bravery never 
exceeded. Of his intrepid officers and seamen fifty 
eight were killed, thirty one were missing, thirty 
eight were severely, and twenty fire slishtly wown- 


In the series of distinguished exploits, wliicli 
have marked the pro;5ress of the American navy, 
since the coiniuencemeiit of tlie present war, cap- 
tain Porter, tiiouj^li overpowered at last, in a man- 
ner, which, according to the luminous and interes- 
ting statement of this active, persevering, and brave 
commander, reflects no lionoiir on the navy of his 
Britanniciv majesty, has rendered his country essen- 
tial service, gained a lasting reputation on the 
waters of the western ocean, and added to the splen- 
dour of the American navy, by his able vindication 
of sailors' rights and the freedom of navigation and 

Mr. Cowell, the principal subject of this article, 
while sailing master, distinguished himself by his 
ability, attention, and faithfulness in his dejtart- 
rieiit. For his good conduct, on a certain hazar- 
dous occasion, he was promoted by captain I'orter 
to the office of acting lieutenant. Had his life beea 
spared, he would no doubt in due time have risen to 
a proud eminence as a naval commender ; but this 
enterprising man, fearless of danger and death ia 
his country's cause, was called, in providence, to 
finish his days at V^alparaiso, shortly after the ac- 
tion. He was about the age of 28 ycai-s and has 
left a widow and two children. 

This article cannot be better closed, than in the 
words of cajitain Porter to the hon. secretary of the 
navy. " I cannot speak in sufficiently high terms 
of the conduct of those engaged for such an unparal- 
felicd length of time, under such cireuntstanfe.",. 


"Willi me, in the anliious and unequal conicst. Lei U 
sullicetofay, that more braver}, skill, patriotism, 
and zeal were never displayed on any occasion. 
Every one seemed determined to die in defence of 
their much loved country's cause, and nothing but 
views of humanity could ever have reconciled them 
to the surrender of tiie ship. 

" The conduct of that brave and heroick officer, 
acting lieutenant John Glover Cowell, who lost 
his leg in the latter part of tlie action, excited the 
admiration of every man in tlic ship ; and, after 
being wounded, would not consent to be taken be- 
low, until loss of blood rendered him insensible." 

522. Note. — Robert Hooper, esquire, son of 
Nathaniel Hooper, was a native of Marblehead, 
where he spent iiis days. He was di^tingui^hed as 
an honest and enterjirising man, and as an eminent, 
prosperous, and opulent merchant. He died at the 
age of 72 years, leaving a widow, four sons, and 
one daughter. 3Irs. Mary Hooper, his first wife, 
by whom he had six children, departed this life, 
after suffering great bodily indisposition, for many 
years, on the 31 of .Tuly, 1807, in the 67 year of 
iier age. Their son, Henry Hooper, died at sea, in 
iCOl, aboiit the age of 29 years. 


•523. In t{)i= grave, on the same dar 

iSX. I.—TOL. III. L 


Ttcrc deposited the remains of cnpt. 3ohs 
(iiMST and his virtuous consort, Elikabetii 
CJniST. They were neHvly at the same 
lime visited by the same disorder, which 
put a period to their christian course in the 
03 year of their a-re, 2 Marcli, 1 79.1. The 
memoiy of the just is blessed and the right- 
eous shall be held in everlasting remem.- 

H.\!;rT."!CKAD, MASS. 

524. Sacred to tlie memory of the hoa- 
uurahle William Boi'rne, who died, 12 
August, 1771, aged 47 years. 

marble}i;;ad, mass. 

525. Captain Robert Wormsted, asta- 
tis 28, was lost at sea, in October, 1782. 

Note. — Tliis inscription, to the memory of one, 
wlio was much distinguished by his activity and 
bravery, was copied from a piece of family plate. 

Captain Wormstcd was born, at Marblehead, on 
iJie 19 of May, 1755. He wa? the oldest son and 
the second child of captain Michael Wormsted, 
who died, after a few hours' illness at the .ige of 42 
years. His mother, whose original name was Mary 
Bull, a daughter of Robert Bull, an Englishman, 
who settled in Marblehead, departed this life, in the 
autumn of 1795. aftor enterins »n her 63 yc^-r. John 

Worijisied, his grandfatiier, whose wile, his granii- 
mothf.r, was Sarah Stacey, lived to the uge ot' 85 
and died, on the 10 of May, 1788. The father of 
John Worinsted, from whom all of liie name in this 
country are descended, was a native of some part 
<)f Wales, came to America in early life, and fixed 
his abode in 31arblehead. 

The children of captain Michael AVormsted were ; 
1. Sarah Wonnsled, the late wife of Sannicl Russell 
Trcvett, esq. of Boston ; 2. Robert Wornis^ted, the 
principal subject of this article ; 3. Michael Worm- 
sted, who died, a few years since in one of the 
middle stales; A. JMaiy VVornisted, the wife of 
captain William Skinner of Marblehead. 

In 177;!, captain Robert Wormsled married mis-s 
Martha Shepherd, the second daughter and the iifth 
child of captain John Shi^pherd, of Marblehead, 
[see art. l'i\ by whom he had one daughter and one 
son, the former of whom still survives. 

The subject of this article, while a lad, had a 
great inclination to enter on a seafariug life. His 
father, to gratify him and, as he ho;.ed, to give him 
a distaste for such a fatiguing and hazardous m de 
of gaining a subsistence, took him on board his 
vessel, one voyage, and laid as many hardships upon 
him, as he consistently could, but without the de- 
sired effect, [t was still, as much as ever, his ar- 
dent desire to perse-ere in enc lunteiing the dan- 
gers of the ocean. ' However, in obedience ti> the 
wishes of his parents, he I'ecame an apprentice to 
TiiL'mas Grant, a silversmith, with whom he coa- 

12 i 

timieil till mastPr of liis <ra>l(^. This was an cu»- 
ploynient by no mpaiis congenial w ith his active, 
enterprising, patriotick spirit ; and, wiiPii the revo- 
lutionary contest came on, he was one of the fore- 
most to enlist in his cnnntry's service. 

Having attended to fencing, he was a perfect 
master of tiic broad sword. No one conbl gain the 
ascendancy over him. His instructcr used to say, 
that Robert Wnrmstcd was the only pupil he evci' 
had, with whom he was afraid to encounter. 

When the British went from Boston to Salem in 
order to get into their possession certain pieces of 
artillery, the subiect of tiiis article with others has- 
tened over from Marblehead, and by removing the 
north bridge assisted in frustrating their object. He 
and others ofter^d some irritating language to the 
disappointed and mortified regulars, so that several 
of them made a pass at him with their bayonets. lie. 
bad no other weapon, than a cane ; yet, with this, 
be disarmed six uf them, one after another, to their 
great astonishment 

In the Bunker-hill fight, IT June, 1TT5, he was. 
the first sergeant in the artillery company, of which 
Samuel Russell Trcvett, esii. was commander. Jfe 
acted well his part, as one of the intrepid heroes of 
ihat memorable day, till woiuided iu his shoulder b) 
the bursting of a shell, thrown from the enemy pott- 
ed on Copp's hill. n withdrawing from the scene 
of action, he with two others stojiptd at a well to 
drink, on ( 'harlestown neck, being almist sulfoca- 
fcd with thirst. Just as cup of hi';coii)]iaiii^()ns was 


)JUi:ig tLRljiicket to his inoiitii, a cauiioii bnll sevticti 
>iis liead IVuiii his shuiilJers. 

Early in 17T6, lie entered as ensign in captain 
Jo:>cp!i Lee's company, belong! njj to colunel John 
Glover's regiment. It is well known that this re- 
giment, consisting mostly of men accustomeil to the 
water, was of essential service in managing the 
boats on the Delaware, at a time, when the hazard 
of crossing was extreme, and had the honour of 
forming the advance of Washington's army, w hich, 
on the £6 of December, the same year, entered Tren- 
ton, niid captured a thousand Hessians. 

While this regiment lay at Reverly, in the former 
part of 17T6, many of the officers and soldiers had v. 
temporar}' employment in some of the government's 
■vessels, in Wasrachufictts bay, under the command 
of commodore Manly. 

Tiic subject of ihis article was a lieutenant in one 
of tiiem, and was at the taking of several of the ene- 
my's armed vessels. 

In 17TT, he was captain of raarittcs in a large pri- 
vateer ship, comnianded by Graham, and owned in 
Boston and Providence. He afterwards went mate 
of a sc'iiooner, of which his brother Cartholomew 
Jackson was connnanaer, bound to Billioa. The 
vessel was captured and the captain i-.itli u!ost of 
the crew was taken cut. The subject of thi i me- 
raoir, one raan. and one boy were left oa board of 
tliu schooner, wliich was ordered to repair to some 
\>r-yi fri'Td. With the aid of the niun and boy he 
I. 2 


retook tlie schooner and ranicJ lier safely Into Bil- 
Itoa. \)n Ins h'uneuard ijassnj^o, lie was uiiforlmiHti'- 
ly raptured and stripped of all his properly, not lic- 
iiig siilFcred to retain a siiijjle tuticlo of ciolhing be- 
sides what ho wore. 

In November, 1779, he sailed from Marblehead 
in the letter ofmaniue, Freemason, bound to Mar- 
tinico, which carried six guns and (ifleou lueu, 
as first mate to captain Benjamin Boden. -Jd 
their passage for that island, tlicy were taken 
by a privateer sloop, mounting fourteen or sixteen 
gun.s, from the city of New- York. Tiie captain, 
second male, and a boy remained in the l-"reema- 
£on; but mr. Wormsted with the rest of the ci-ew 
was carried on board of the privateer, treated in a 
very ungentlemanly manner, handcuffed, thru- 1 in- 
to the hold, and, at night, the hatchway was closed. 
Here he found means to perform an exploit, vvlncli 
v/as long the subject of conver^ation and applause. 
His handcuffs were so large he could, with little ex- 
ertion, gel rid of them and set the rest at liberty. 
He proposed rising upon the privateer, the next day, 
when the captain should be about to take the sun. 
At first the attempt was tlijught to be too de.S|ier- 
ate, they being so few in number compared with the 
crew on board, and none seemed willing fur the un- 
dertaking. He was always sanguine in every enter- 
prise and fearless of danger. If they would agi-ee 
to his i)roposal, he engaged to be the first to spring- 
upon deck and knock down the captain. 'J hey 
"Wfire instaatiy to follow and do iheiy part in every 


ilinLiion. lie told them tbey rnupt succeed ur die 
ill the attempt. They at length all liolcmnly bound 
themselvra with nii oath to do their utmost. At 
twelve, the next day, oijportunity was otrercd to 
put their courage to the test, and, in a Ww nionieiits, 
the captain and many others wn-e laid sprawling 
npon deck. Their pistol.s were taken and pointed to 
the enemy in the caMn, who surrendered withoul 
opposition. Mr. Wormsted then bore down 
upon the schooner and ordered her to strike hux 
colours. Captain Boden cried for joy, and his cap- 
tors were as miicii chagrined, as astoni^iied at this 
ixnexprcted reverse of fortune. Mr. Wormsted, as 
commander, had the Engli?h flag lowered and the 
American hoisted. lie ordered all the British offi- 
cers and sailors to be handcuffed and thrust into the 
hold, treating them, secundum le^tm lalionis, much 
as they had treated l;im and his countrymen, the 
day before, appointed cai>tain Boden prize master, 
and directed to :itecr for Gnadalou[)C. In due time, 
they arrived ?afciy at this island, in triumph, and 
were received with uncommon testimonials of exul- 
tation. The prize master of the privateer with the 
crew was sent to prison, and, notwithstanding the 
savage manner, in which mr. WoriDSted and his 
people had been use;! by them, he bou;j;ht them a 
fjnintal of fish, a jar of oil, and furnished them with 
Tuoney, to get sucli things as they wanted. He 
-'old the brig and privateer, at auction, one of which 
he bought for hir- employers. His ])art of the prize 
Dioney was eight hundred Johannes. Having lead- 


cJ bis vessel he set out for 3Iassachu.?ctli-, ami, rtn 
the second day after sailing, Avas, imrortmiatciy, 
rajitured and lost every thiDg, the ficijuent je?iiU 
of war. 

After this, in the auluiim and winter of 1T30, lu- 
performed one prosperous voyage to the West In- 
dies, as commander of the brig, Hope, a letter of 
marque belonging to colonel William R. Lcc, cap- 
tain Samuel R. Trcvett, and captain Joeseph Lee. 

Captain Wormsted was then invited to go master 
of a privateer froai Salem. He went, and, being in 
danger of capture, run his vessel ashore, to avoid 
the enemy, somewhere on the coat^t of Nova Scotia. 
He and his men travelled thr iugh the woods till they 
«ameto the water again, M'liere they found an open 
boat, which they took, entered, and made the best 
of their way for New England, running ncnr tlip 
'and. At length, thoy fell in with a vessel fro:a 
Cork laden with linens, butter, and caudles, which 
had been taken by the Americans and retaken by 
ihc British. Captain Wormsted and his crew 
boarded and took her, by surprisal, without arms. 
Elate with hope, they thought tlien to have reach- 
ed their native shore witii a valuaiile prize, but they 
had not long enjoyed their pleasing anticipations, 
•when a British vessel hove in sight, and bore down 
upon them so rapidly, that they were obliged once 
more to have recourse to their boat. They haftih 
threw in a few stoi-es and other articles, made their 
escape, and gained the port of Marblchcad, with- 
out further molestation, about the 10 of -Nov. ITS] 

Mr?. WonnsteJ was so unwilling that Le srhoiilj 
again go in any privateer, that he at length went, 
as first officer of a letter of marque, which was a 
bris;, commanded by captain Trasik and owned by 
Nathaniel Tracy, esq. of Ncwburypoit, to Billjoa. 
The brig arrived in safety and on her homeward 
passage, being deeply laden, was lost in a tremen- 
dous gale, near the Grand Bank, about the '2 of Oc- 
tober, 1T82. His widow was left to mourn a kind 
husband, his daughter an indulgent father, and his 
country one of her most intrepid sons. 

Captain Worni>;ted was five feet and eleven inches 
in height, uncuiumonly activ^e and athlclick, brave 
to a proverb, generous to excess, and humane, as 
fee was fearless of danger and death 


526. Mrs. Martha Wor.aisted, relict 
«f captain Ro);cvt Wormstcd, died at Bos- 
ton, 23 September, 1309, aged 50 years 
and one day. 

Nole. — Mi-s. Worrasted was the second daughter 
©f captain John Shepherd of Marblehead, of whose 
family some account may be seen in the 72 article of 
this Collection. She was tenderly educated under 
the pious instructions and truly christian exansj !o of 
her excellent mother, who was Ifft a widow, in the 
nioniing of life, with five young children. After 
the .uarriage of her daughter, mrs. AVornisted con- 
stantly resided with her to the close of life. From 


December, 1790, to I-"eljrii:!ry, lil03, the fairily 
was located at Portsinoiitli in New Ilaiupshire, and 
after that period at Boston uliere she deceased. 

The subject of tliis memoir, thouch blessed with 
a religious education, ever aiming to live i:i the 
discharge of all good conscience, an exemplary com- 
municant in the episcopal church i)f her native place, 
was, (luring the most of her life, in bondage through ■ 
fear of death. 

About a year before her release from the body, 
she was violently seized with a disorder, which laf- 
iled the skill of the physician, and she made up her 
raind, that the time of her departure was at hand- 
At this distressing period, ^hrf experienced the 
goodness of that Being, whom it iiad long been her 
earnest endeavour to serve. All fears of death 
•were totally banislied. She was perfectly resigned 
and willing to leave the world. She spoke with 
the utmost calmness of the event, which all supposed 
to be near. Slie reposed with unsliaken confidence 
in the grace of (lod and gave her farewell counsels 
and benediction to the objects of her allection around 

A wonderful relief was suddenly, as it was imex- 
pectedly, obtained from the tlireatening malady and 
fhc was soon raiped to a comfortable measure of 
health. She spent much of her spared life in read- 
ing meditation, en 'oying the comforts of religion, 
till called to a happier state. 

About a mo'ith before her death, she wns attack- 
ed with a disease, which, during most of the rcsi- 


•Jiie of her days, much afFccled tlic iio-.vcrs ol" hei 
ruhid; yet she had many lucid iateivals, nhcn she 
3poke of her dissolution without a fear, and looked 
forvv^ard with delightful anticipations of that rest, 
which grace has secured to the people of God. She 
found a satisfaction and j\>y, in the religion sh»; 
had loDj; professed, which the world could neither 
.jive nor takeaway. 

On the ncdiiesday evening hefore nirs. Worm- 
sted died, ihe was free from bodily distress, had the 
lull exercise of her reason, and was in a most hap- 
py frame of mind. In conversation with a near 
ulend, who sat by her, she said, J lore my cUildrer 
as ucU as any bodj can, but I can williiiirlj leave 
ihein to go to my bltsscd Saviour. Oli, how I lure my 
dear Redamer ! The friend said to hor, you seem ta 
feel as if you c^uld adopt the language of the psalm- 
ist, which he began to repeat, ><hom hace 1 inlieaien 
but Hue ; she caught the words from his mouth and 
finished the passage, pronouncing it with an ardour, 
an emphasis of expression, which showed that she 
cordially felt its full import. Speaking of her mo- 
ther, she said, that she was a very pious woman. 
The morning and evening sacrifice of prayer and 
praise constantly rose from her family altar. She 
brought her up in a very strict manner, and was 
an excellent pattern of holy living to all her chil- 
dren and do:ucsticks. She particularly remarked, 
that her mother spent a great deal of time in read- 
ing the Bible, and tlien said, J loish that I had lived 
■vorp .'fs wv mn>.hfr did ; but I trust in the ail svjickit' 


o/ of my dear Redeemer. At anotlier lime, she said, 
/ caxt ini/srlf (it lliefctl of mi/ Sariuitr. J Im.k to !iim 
for thcsalvalion ofmtj soul. Slip rciiounoed all her 
own works of ritclitfoufiioss and looked to the blood 
of atonement as the only source of hope. A little 
Lcfore the last scene, speaking of her comiiOMire, 
and perfect freedom from the fear of death at that 
time, when she knew that she could remain but a 
little longer, and at a former period, when she 
had no exjiectations of living another day, slie 
said, cnii it be, titat God will east me off ; that 1 mmt, 
after all this bf. a cadaway? jVo, I irusl hi ilie merits 
tf my dear Redeemer. 

In this heavenly temper of mind she continued, 
%vhenever indulged with her reason, till the moment 
bhe expired. On monday evening, the £5 of Sep- 
tember, perceiving that the last conflict was at hand, 
she reijuested a friend to pray w itii her once more. 
She then called for her grand daughters and told 
them she must lenic them, that she irus ij;uing to the 
tternal world, so far as could be understood, and at- 
tempted to give them her parting counsels. Her 
voice faltered. The pangs of death were upon her, 
but its sting was destroyed. Her eyes were immedi- 
ately turned towards heaven. Her noble counten- 
ance, always remarkably expressive, indicntcd a 
foretaste of the unutterable joy, on which she was 
about to enter. In a few moments, she was gone, 
without a struggle, without a groan, and the glow 
of rapture still beamed in her face! 

jtn her Jw-st sirlcpc^^s. irrs- ■\Vr>nn?f'^d ynenfjrtv^ff 


tiiat the remains of her ancestors, who deceased in 
her native place, were carried into the episcopal 
church, wiiere a sermon was delivered and the burial 
service performed ; and that it was her desire, that 
her funeral solemnities might be performed in the 
same way. The rev. Asa Eaton, of Boston, attend- 
ed her with pastoral fidelity, during her last sick- 
ness. She requested him, to preach at the time of 
her interment, ou such a text as he should think 

The remains of thi.i best of mothers, this kindest 
of friends, this beloved disciple of Jesus, were ac- 
cordingly carried into Christ Church. Mr. Eaton 
delivered a very appropriate and comforting dis- 
course from these words, unto you, Iherefure, uho be- 
lieve, he is precious ; and performed the burial 
service, in a solemn and imprcssiv'e manner. The 
mortal remains were then removed to .Marblehead 
and deposited in the family tomb. 

The following acrostick on mrs. Wormsted was 
written by the late Jonathan 3Iitchell Sewall, esq. 
in 1802. 

3Iuse, for thy 3Iartha, prune thy choicest wing 
AaA, in celestial strains, her praises sing. 
Resplendent nature in this fav'rite join'd 
The charms of person with each grace of mind. 
Humour and wit with sense and reason blend 
And satire's shafts fly thick, if fools offend. 
Whea she in spightly conversation leads, 
Or in quick sallies of gay mirth j>rocced* ; 
FEN. I. — TOI.. III. M 


Resistless graces silence all, who hear; 
Mute ev'ry tongue, and list'ninj^ every ear. 
Skill in each duly of domestick life. 
The tender niotlicr now, as once the faithful wife, 
Each virtue, that adorns a female breast, 
Distinguish her in crowds, and make her worth 


527. Note. — The venerable ptiritanick fathers of 
New-England, having (led to this western world to 
enjoy the sweets of religion pure and undeliled, ear- 
ly made provision for the literary, scientilick, and 
pious education of their offspring. The first school, 
of importance, was established at New Towne, now 
Cambridge, in the vicinity of Boston, about the 
year, 1637. N\th\niel Eiton, aman of learn- 
ing, was appointed the head of the institution. His 
severe and arbitrary mode of discipline so disgusted 
the young gentlemen, committed to his care, and 
his^niployers, that, in a about two years, he was 
set aside by order of the general court. He after- 
wards went to England and was extremely inimic- 
al to Massachusetts ; but, a3 the late doctor Eliot 
remarks in his Biog. Diet, his power and influence 
were small compared with his malicious humour. 

Strictly speaking, mr. Eaton, though unworthy, 
was the first president of the college in Cambridge. 
Hence, in reference to this fact, Holyoke is styled, 
in his epitaph, the eleventh president of the same 
institution. His character ""ras so reprchen"!!?!?. 


that the senatus academicus of Harvard university 
have not seen fit to place bim at the head of their 
long series of learned and dii:tingui>he(l presidents. 

The rev. Hex RY Di'.vster, therefore, stands at 
the head of fifteen, wlio have had tlie honour of 
presiding over the most ancient and the best endued 
collegiate institution in America. He nas blest 
with a happy disposition and the talent of comiiiu- 
nicating instruction in such a manner, as to gain 
the confidence and affection of his pupils. Having 
imbibed the idea that infants were not to be bapti- 
zed, according to his understanding of the scrip- 
tures, he resigned his office, upon that account, and 
removed to Scituate, w here he died in 16j7. His 
remains are supposed to ha\ e heen conveyed, agreea- 
bly to his direction, to the ancient cemetery in Cain- 
bridge, but no stone directs to the spot of inter- 

A spacious vault has recently been prepared, in 
the same enclosure, in which the remains of the 
officers of the university are to be deposited. Uver 
this it is contemplated to erect a superb monument. 
When completed, inscriptions commemorative of the 
taleiils and virtues of the worthy dead, who may- 
there repose, will adorn and enrich its walls. 

The following is a list of those, wlio have presided 
over Harvard college, with the times of induction 
aud resignation or decease. 
1640, rev. Henry Dunster, res. 165.4. 
1654, rev. Charles Chauncy, S. T. B. dec. 1672. 
1672, rev. Leonard Hoar, 31. D. res. 1675. 


1675, rev. Urian Oakes, dec. 1681. 
1682, doc. Tohii Rogrps, dec. 16H4. 
1685, rev. Increase Matther, S. T. D. res 1701. 
1701, rev. Samuel Willard, dec. 1707. 
1708, lion. John Levcrett, S. U.S. dec. 1724. 
1725, rev. Benjamin Wadswortli. dec. 1737. 
1137, rev. Kdward Ilolyoke, dec. 1769. 
1770, rev. Samuel Locke, S. T. D. res. 1773. 
1774, rev. Samuel Langdon, S. T. D. res. 1780. 
1781, rev. Joseph Willard, S. T. D. LL. D. dec. 1304. 
1806, rev. Samuel Webber, S. T. D. dec. 1810. 
1810, rev. John Thornton Kirkland, S.T. D.LL.D. 
Interesting biographical sketches of most of the 
presidents of Harvard college may be seen in Kliot's 
Biog. Diet. The ejiitajdjs of Chauncy, Oakes, 
Leverctt, Wadsworth, Holyoke, and Langdon j 
and notices of Dnnster, Hoar, Rogers, Willard, 
and Webber, have a place in this collection. 


528. Hie jaccnt rcliquite honoratiss. et 
rev. atlmodum doni. Johannis Leverett, 
armig. qui majoribus oriiindusillustribus, il- 
lustrjiis nomen lecklidit quam accepit. Vir- 
tus et pietas, sapientia et ^ravitas juvcntuti, 
fuere laiirea, nee non senectuti, corona ; ma- 
jestas et authoritas in oculo, voce, viiltu ; 
bcnignitas et hiimanitas in corde re&ederunt. 
In secundis luoderatus, in adversis constanfri 

et iufracto fiiit animo. Maritus et pater 
amantissimiis ; animus diilcis et fidiis, pru- 
deiis coiisiliarius, fortis auxiliarius, lingua- 
rum et artiura academicarum inter peritis- 
sinios, nee minus in jurispnidcutia et theolo- 
gia quam in philosophia conspicuus. 

Oranes fere honoris gradus conscendit et 
ornavit. Juvenem adniodum niirata est et 
plausit acaderaia tutorem primarium et so- 
cium ; ut et postea communium domus pro- 
locutorem, de probatioue testamentorum judi- 
cem, et in superiori tribimali justitianim 
regi consiliis assisteutem, et in variis lega- 
tionibus honorificis et momentosis sagaciter 
et integre versantem, conteraplata est uni- 
versa patria. Tandem coUegii principalis, 
et societatis regi;e socius coaptatus, scliohe 
prophetamm ad annos sedecim pari authori- 
tate et lenitate pra^sidebat ; donee raorte in- 
stantanea Deo vis^um sit a filiis propheta- 
mm dominum e lecto et somno in ctjclum as- 
sumere, Maii tertio, 1724, actatis, 62. 


529. M. S. \^iri admodiun reverendi 
pariter atque honorandi Edwakdi Hox- 
M 2 



YOKK, qui priestanli decoratus inojenlo; doc- 
tiiiia instmctissimus ; arte niodcrandi ap« 
prime felix ; prffclarus eloquentia ; miia in 
rebus suo tempore cxcquendis accuratione 
prajditus ; moribus oruatus sanctissimis, 
integritate pra'sertini ab oniui parte iiitacta ; 
collegii Haivardini pra?sidis, a jacto funde- 
mcnto, undecimi munus, amplius triginta an- 
nis, cum summa laude sustinuit ac digni- 

In vita insuprr privata edidit imitandum 
omnibus exemplum conjugis aniantissimi; 
erga liberos pietatis ; urbanitatis in hospites 
ingenua' comisque ; summi erga amices stu- 
dii et constantis; pauperibus elargiendi 
sfepissime ; religionis erga Deum, mediante 
Christo insignis. 

Vitadcmum optime peracta, animam Je?u 
commendavit expiravitquc Calendis Juuiis, 
anno Christi, 1769, petatif^que suai 80. 


530. Mrs. Margaret ITolyoke, 'wife 
to the rev. Edward Ilolvoke, president of 
Hai-vard college and youngest daughter of 
the hon. col. .Tolin Appleton of Ipswich, late 
deceased, died, 25 June, A- D. 1740, hav- 


Ing entered her 40 year, the 19 day of March 

331. Note.— The rev. Joseph Willard, D.D. 
IjL. D. was born at Biddefoi-d, in the District of 
Maine, '29 December, old style, 173;:. He was a 
son of the rev. Samuel Willard, pastor of the church 
and congregation in that place, and great grandson 
of the rev. Samuel VViilard, who, for six years, was 
at the head of Harvard college. He was a distin- 
guished pupil of the celebrated Samuel Moody, esq. 
preceptor of Dumuier academy. He receivt d the 
usual honours of Harvard in 1TG5 and 176 '. He was 
elected tutor, in 1766, and is supposed to have been 
one of the most thorough Greek sch;ilars this coun- 
try has produced. In 1768, he was chosen a mem- 
ber of the seuatus academicus. In 177^, having 
resigned his tut rship and fellowship, he was or- 
dained the minister of the first parish in Beverly, 
where he continued beloved and esteemed for his 
literary and scientiiick attainments and for his pas- 
toral fidelity, till the 19 of December, 1781, when 
he was installed the president of Harvard university. 
Here he continued conscientiously discharging the 
complex and arduous duties of \hat honourable and 
im:ortant station, with dignity and high repute, 
to the close of life. 

President Willard was complimented with an 
konorary merabersbip in many foreign and domes^- 


tick philosophical, literary, and benevolent institu- 
tions. He died, after a few days' illness, while on 
a jouniey, at iS'ew Bedford, 25 Septe.. ber, 1804. 
Hi^ remains were broiii;ht to Cambridge, where his 
interment was attended with great respect and 
many tokens of extensive and nndissembled grief. 

A eulogy prononnced by professor Webber toge- 
ther with the prayer at the funeral by the rev. doc- 
tor T,aihrop, the sermon delivered on the succeed- 
ing sabbath by the rev. doctor Holmes, and a lec- 
ture, given by professor Pearson, at a subsequent 
period, before the students of the university, com- 
memorative of the worth of this venerable patri- 
archal character and of many others, who had been 
distinguished as instructers and benefactors of this 
ancient seminary, were given to the publick. 

To these publications the reader is referred for 
an account of the life, literary labours, virtues, and 
talents of the late president "VVillard. The limits 
of this work j)reclude the possibility of doing full 
justice to the memory of this great and good man ; 
besides, there is little occasion for the attempt; 
a city set upon a hill cannot be liid, 

532. 7Vo/c.~The rev. Samuel Webbeh, D.D 
the fourteenth i)resident of Harvard college, expir- 
ed, suddenly, on the evening of the 17 of July, 
1!'.!',», in the r»l vf-ar of his age. He was a native of 
Byl'eld in Masbaciiusetts, where he lived till about 
ten years of age, when his father removed to Hop- 


kinton in New-Hainpshire. Here the rev. Elijah 

Fletcher, pastor of the church and congregation in 
that place, became acquainted with the subject of 
this article, witnessed tiie bent ot his mind for learn- 
ing, and the early promite of his talents. I'he beue.o- 
lence of this worthy minister prompted him to af- 
ford every kindly aid to his young friend. He took 
hi;n under his particular patronage and fitted him 
for admission into Harvard college. He received 
the honours of this academick institution in i7o4 
and 1787. After graduation, he devoted his atten- 
tion to theology and became a preacher of the gos- 
pel. For a short time, he wag the preceptor of 
Dummer academy in his native place. He was thea 
elected one of the tutors of Harvard university, left 
the academy, returned to his alma mater, and .ier- 
formed the duties of his new office with great ability 
till 17B9, wiien he was called to the Hollis pro- 
fessorship of mathematicks and natural philosophy- 
This was a department peculiarly congenial with 
ills taste. He had a thorough and familiar acquain- 
tance with the sciences, which it devolved upon hiin 
to teach ; a happy talent at communicating his ideas 
in a perspicuous manner ; and no small share of pa- 
tience, a virtue of the first magnitude in an instuc- 
ter of youth. 

On the death of the learned and venerable presi- 
dent Willard, the subject of this memoir, unexpect- 
edly but meritoriously, received the suffrages of the 
corporation and overseers of Harvard university, as 
his suBcessor in office. He was inaugurated, in due 


form, on the 6 of Maj-, 1306. Competent to what- 
ever he undertook, cons^cicntiously |(Uiictual and 
faithful in the discharge of every duly, he presulcd 
with dignity and reputation over this ancient 
school of the prophets, and his sudden exit in the 
midst of his days and usefulness, was deeply la- 

The rev. Henry Ware, D. D. Hollis professor of 
divinity, delivered a eulogy at the interment of 
president Webber, which w as respectful to his mem* 
ory and is before the publick. 


533. Huic tunmlo maudantiir exuviae 
JoiiANNia WADSvtoRTfi. A. M. Duxbur- 
guy iiali, coUejrii Harvardini alumni, cujus 
septcm per annos fidflitcr iitilissimeque tu- 
toris Oiftciuni pi\Tstitit, et modo aptissiiiio, 
facilliino, gratissimoquc, optimis pra;ccptis 
ac iiistitutis juvenum animos imbiiit, mores- 
que ipsoriim amice ac sedulo ciiravit. Ihi- 
jus temporis trcs per annos ct ultra seuatus 
academi socii munera perite explevit. In- 
genio sagaci et aciitissimo Uteris scienliis- 
que penitus instructo ; etiam facilitate niira 
scntentias imperticndi, omnium obsci-van- 
tiam in sese attraxit. Amicitia in,<:eniia 
Htque constanti, et consuetudinis suavitate 


facotiisque, amor ac delieiae fait amicorum. 
Inter alias virtutes pictas crga parcntcs et 
aiTectio fraterna prsecipuc fiicnmt insij^nes. 
Viritamboni ac utilis, oninibusque cari, ia 
setatem senectam ppes vitani produxerat. Ah, 
spes inanis ! Variolis, illo geaeris humaQi 
flao:ello, correptus, animam efflavit, die Ju- 
lii 12 mo. amio salutis 1777, atatisque 
SUJE 37. 


534. TuoMiE Marsh, armigeri, sep- 
tuagiuta annosnati, quorum per viginti quin- 
que, apud collegium Harvardimun, tutoris 
docti, seduli, et urbani ; umictim etiam socii 
vigilantis partes agebat ; qui, officiis publi- 
cis diligenter, domesticis peramanter exactis, 
Septembris vigesimo secundo, 1780, in spe 
revivendi Christiana mortem oppetiit, reli- 
quiae hoc tumulo reconduntur. 


An honest man's the noblest work of God. 

535. G'uLiELMis Kneeland, armiger, 

M. M. S. S. vir ingenio pra^ditus eximio, 

artibusque ac scientiis penitus imbutus, in 

rppublica literaiia locum perinsigaem jure 


obtirmit. In univcrsitate Haivardiana olfi- 
ciuni tutoris novctn per annos cxornavit. 
Exindc in arte medendi magna cum laude 
erat vcrsaUis; atque socictatis medkorum 
jRIasfiacluitjetteiisJs prctses bis fiiit electus. 
Sajrax ad res liominesquc pcr.spicicndoB» 
multos rogantes consilio adjuvit. Ofticia 
omnia, tarn privata quani publica, fidelitate, 
ordine, ac puncto tcniporis cont^tituto pra;- 
stitit. Amirus fuit sincerus, hospes liber- 
ali?, socius jucundus, vir houestiis, et pau- 
peruDi patronus. Talis quiim vixisset 56 
annos ; animus subliniis, die secundo No- 
vrmbris, 1788, subito efliigit ; ast, eheu, 
quantum in;2jcniii, quantum inteo;ritatis, quan- 
tum benevolcntia' terris couvolavit ! 

iVo/e. — The subject of the foregoing epitaph, 
^vhich is attributed to the pen of the rev. Eliphalet 
Pears in. LL. D. was a native of Boston. Soon af- 
ter his decease, the following sketch appeared in 
some of the ])ublick jjazeltes. 

"Doctor Kneeland, while a cliild, discovered a 
capacity above the common level. Under the care 
of worthy and pious parents, he received those im- 
pressions, whicli were never obliterated, and whick 
he ever acknowledged with filial gratitude. At 
6ch:inl, he outstripped most of his fellows, and was 
exceeded by none, While a student in the univer- 


sity, tlie eicpansion of his intHlectual powers Was 
ecjuai to llie sj.hcie, in which they were to be dis- 
played, lie received tVoni the government of that 
society an ainjile testimonial of bis attentioQ, in* 
dnstry, and proj:ress in litcratuie and science, by 
the assignment of a distinguished ^art in the exer- 
cises, irevious to his receiving ihe !rst honours of 
the university. Soon after, he went thrt ugh a re- 
gular course of medical studies with an eminent 
physician, whose api-robation aud patroaage he 
justly merited. While he was qualifying himself 
for his profession, he ;irdently pursued various 
branches of science, acquired the character of a 
sc'.iolar, and became peculiarly eminent in logick 
and metaphysicks. Before he entered on the prac- 
tice of physick, a tuturship in the college bfcaine 
vacant, and his qualifications pointed him out to 
the government of that society, as the must suita- 
ble person to till the ciTicc. In this a tield was open 
for the full display of his talents. He did not dis- 
appoint the fondest hopes of his friends, nor the 
expectation of his electors. He showed himself 
v»'ell skilled in each de|artment of his office. He 
oonimunicatcd his instructions with perspicuity, 
and governed with impartiality ; and he hereby 
coinmanded the respect and esteem of his pupils. 
Having, with dignity and approbation, discharged 
the duties cf his oUice about nine years, he quitted 
it for the pleasures of domestick lite. His eminence 
:a his profession was honourably recogsized^by th^e 

TEA'. I. — YOt III/ N 


aicdiciil sociciy ol' Massachusetts, wiio rcpcatciUy 
'ilected liim their president. While register of pro- 
Latc, the widow nnd orpliaii had frequent experi- 
ence of his aid and friendship. His accuracy, fideli- 
ty, and inflexible integrity, as a civil magistrate, and 
in every otiicr department of life, uerc acknowledg- 
ed hy all, who were conversant with him. The 
aocial virtues formed a distinguished trait in his char- 
acter. Facetious, ingenuous, hospitable, and agree- 
able, in his deportment, his acquaintance was 
sought and sedulously cultivated Oy those of a simi- 
lar disposition. He wished the happiness of man- 
kind ; and the society and church, of which he was 
a member, experienced, in an especial manner, the 
Lenelicial effects of his benevolent exertions in tlieii 
tchalf. Truly eatholick and unallccted in piety and 
rievfltion; he exemplified the rclit;ion, of which ho 
was a professor, by the morality of his conduct. In 
him was exhibited one of the most striking evi- 
dences of the poet's observation ; 

An honest man 's the noblest work of. God. 


536. Here lie buried tlie remains of rab- 
bi JcDAH IMoNi?, A. I\{. late Flebrew in- 
structer at Harvard collen:c in Cambridse, 
in which office lie continued 40 years. He 
was, by birth and religion, h Jew ; but em- 
braced the christian faith, and was publickly 
baptized, at Cambrid.<,'e, A. D. 1722. ncd 


departed this life, 23 April, 17G4, aged 
eighty one years, tAvo mouths, and twenty- 
cne days. 
A native branch of Jaoob see, 

AV'liich once from otf its olive broke ; 
Regrafted from the livrngtree, Rom. 11. IT, 24. 

Of the reviving sup pano6k: 
From teeming Zion's fertile womb. Is. 66. 8. 
As dewy drops in early morn, Ps. 110. 29. 
Or rising bodies from the tomb, John 5. ^8, 29 

At once, be Israel's nation born. Is. 66. 8. 
Note. — Mr. Monis was from the south of Europe. 
He was naturalized at the city of New-York, 21 
February, 1715, as appears by the original instru- 
ment, containing his sign manual, now in the ar- 
chives of the New- York Historical Society. At the 
time he was baptized, he delivered a discourse ea- 
titled The truth, the whole truth and nothing but the 
truth, which was published and is occasionally still 
to be seen in some of the libraries of the New-Eng- 
land antiquaries. He was iiso the author of a Hebrew 
grammar, which was: formerly used at Harvard col- 

Mr. Monis married miss Abigail Marrctt of Cam- 
bridge, who died, 27 October, 1760, in the 60 year 
of her age. After her decease, he resigned his office 
in college and removed to Northboroiigh, where 
he spent the residue of his days in the family 
of the rev. John Martyn, whose wife was a 
■Fi*t':r of mrs. Monis. In his will, [see Whitnftv's 


Hist. Worcester.] he made an honourable bequest lt» 
the ciiiirch in iN'ortbborongh, and (o seven minis- 
ters of the gospel, uhoiii he particularly esteemed. 
He also gave one hundred and twenty s^ix pounds, 
as a fund, the interest of which was to be distributed, 
from time to time, among the widows of cierj;ymcn 
left in indigent ciicumstances. The remainder of 
hi.>i estate, as he hud no children, he gave to his 
wife's connexions. 

lie was hasty in his temper and often spoke with 
severity to the yuung gentlemen of the college. As 
a beiiover in Christianity, there was no reason to 
doubt his sinccr.ty. In the prospect of death, how- 
ever, he not un frequently, iu his exclamations, used 
to call, in a Jewish style, upon falhtr Abraham. At 
pul)lick worship he appeared devout, repeating after 
the minister, in a low voice, the words of his 

Kabbi Monis was styled the Hebrew insimctcr 
of Harvard college, no professorship for any of the 
oriental languages having Lcen established at that 
seminary till after the time of his resignation. When 
the H incock profess'>rshi.> wasfjunded, the late Ste- 
phen Sewall, A.M. became the ilrst incumbent, a 
mail, who, for knouiege of the oriental languages 
waseiual, if not sii;ierior, to that of any native 
American. The epitaph at the head of this article 
was written by mr. .'Jew.ill. 


5ST. A'o/<»,~After the resignation of mr. Monis, the 


TBebrew instructer, Thomas Hancock, esq. an opu- 
lent merchant in Boston, having established from 
his munificence a professorship of the Hebrew and 
other oriental languages, at Harvard college, 
Stephen Sewali,, A. M. was the unrivalled can- 
didate for an appointment upon this honourable and 
important fuundution. His installation in the office 
took place in 1765. 

He was a native of York, in the District of Maine, 
and was the sixth son and youngest child of Nicho- 
las Sewali. He was born at a little village called 
:Vewtown, about two miles from the York county 
'.ourthousc. His father, a reputable character, was 
a tanner, and attended to the business of his. trade, 
at the same time, cultivating a small farm, which he 
owned in connexion with his, tan yard. 

iS'ichoIas Sewal!, the father of the professor, of 
whose ancestry an account may be seen in the SS5 
article of this work, married Mehetabel Storer, a 
daughter of Samuel Storer of Wells, hy whom he • 
had these ten children, born between 1714 and 1734, 
in this order; Samuel, John, Hannah, Thomas, 
William, Mehetabel, Henry, Jane, Sarah, Stephen. 

Nicholas Sewali died at the age of about 50 years, 
and his widow having married mr. Preble,iin 1768. 

Henry Sewali, esq. of York, a gentleman well 
known for his attention to aetronomical calculations 
and as a clerk of the court, by whose aid the gene- 
alogical notices of the Sewalls in this work has 
been made, is a son of Henry and grandson of Ni^ 
cholas Sewali. 



Professor Sewnll scrvoil aa apprenliccsliip at the 
trutle i.'f a oiner, and was noted for his diligence 
and ingenuity. He was from early life, extremely 
fond of books, and devoted all his leisure to read- 
ing. After completing his twenty-first year, he 
was taken under the tuition, and cxi)erienced the 
friendshio of the celebrated mastiM- .Moody. By the 
progress he made in his studies, and the eminence 
to which he arose, as a linguist, he was an honour 
to his native place, to his jtrtceptor, to his ahiia 
niater, and to his country. No native Ameri- 
can, previous to his day, had ever so accurate, and, 
at the same time, so extensive an 'acjuaintance 
with all the learned languages of the east. In the 
P.V.'af ei gnUulaliv call. Cantab, apud IVovanglos, liis 
Gn-ek ode^ were highly complimented by the Eng- 
lish reviewers. His lexicon for tlie Chaldee. fonnd 
in several parts of the <Jlil Testament, ouclit to be 
published, .jne fair copy of this is lodged in the 
lii-rary of Harvard college, and another, which he 
presented to the author of this Collection, is in the 
library of the N. V.Ilis. Soc. His ureek prosody, 
the only complete copy of which is in Harvard col- 
lege library, was tlie fruit of close, long, and critical 
in\ estigation. 'i'he rotigh draught copy, which he 
gave ihc author of this work, contains a list of sixty 
ports and poetesses, whose works he read with 
the utmost attention, and with the express de- 
aigii to ascertain the quantity of the tircek vowels 
in every poisibie ciise. I'he result was a systcia oc 


this Mibjcct, wiiich certaiiiJy oui'ut not to have re- 
inaineil tiil tiiis time unknown to the world. 

rr.jfersor Seivdi's lectures in j^cneral, consisted of 
various ingenious and interesting ilisiiuisitions on 
suiiilry parts oltbe original of the scriptures. He 
wrote in an easy, perspicUniis, and neat style. From 
tlie specimens printed, it is desirable that a selection 
of his lectures should be published, as they would, 
uo doubt, be useful to inquisitive scholars, and a 
respectful monument of the excellence and extent 
of his talents and acquirements. 

He was honoured with an epistolary correspond 
dnice with Kennicott, Gcbelin, and other distin- 
gui-^hod foreign orientalists. Gebelin, author of 
31onde.Primilif, was particularly gratified by the re- 
ception of a copy of the celebrated c/mrflf/ers on Digh- 
ton rock, which professor Sewall t0()k with great 
care, and transmitted to him. His learned correspon- 
dent pronounces those characters Phenician, in one 
of his letters, and refers to the seventh volume of 
his works for his further ideas relative to them. 

The subject of this article married Rebecca Wig- 
giesv.orth, daughter of the first Hoilis jtrofessor of 
theology at Harvard college. His children died in 
infancy. At length his worthy consiirt left him a 
sorrowful widower. His nervous sys-tem had become 
affected with the intenseness of application. He found 
relief from ardent spirits, and was suspected by 
some to have made an undue use of them. If this 
t\ere the case, he must have been betrayed uruvit- 
tijigly into such a dreadful calamity, for no one could 


express r» greater aljhorrencc at any tiling like 
intemperance, than he has done to the writer of this 
memoir. A person, whose nerves are in a perpetual 
tremor from a long and laborious prying into the ra- 
niilicationsand import of words in Latin, Greek, He- 
brow, Syriac,Arabick, Clialdee, Samaritan, E'hiopidk, 
and Persick, may, to the careless observer, seem like 
one under the inlluence of inebriety. His feelings, 
however, were certainly very much hurt at the impu- 
taton, and whether just or unjust, he thought it best, 
in 1785, to resign his professorship, especially as his 
Tfiealth was gready impaired. He spent theTemain- 
der of his days secluded, in a great measure, from 
the world, in meditation and dcv(Hion, and, as his 
health admitted, in translating the first book of 
Young's Night Thoughts into Latin hexauielei-, 
•:om|)iling a Greek and Engli'-h lexicon, aiul no- 
ting the variations of the magnctick needle. 

He was about the middle size as to stature. His 
thick and well set locks, white as the driven snow, 
gave him, with his open, mild, and pleasant coun- 
tenance, a most venerable aspect. 

He departed this life, ^.'i July, 1801, having 
entered on the 71 year cti his age. His pupils will 
long remember him as one of the most engaging, 
,pleasit;g, and conmuinicativc instructeis, whicli this 
tDr any other country has ever produced. 


53d. Ic memory of Samuel Shapleigb, 


A. M. born in Kitteiy, a virtuous soq, faitk- 
iul librarian, ami liberal benctictor of Har- 
vard college, Avho died, 16 April, 1800, aged 
33 years. 

^Tote, — yiv. Shapleigh was left an orphan at an 
early age. He was distinguished from childhood 
for his amiable disj-OFition and for his modest and 
inobtrusive deportment. Diligence, sobriety, and 
eummendalle literary and scientiMck attainmenu 
marked his collegiate com-se. He was graduat- 
ed in 1789. la 1793, he was elected librarian 
of his alma mater and sustained the office to the 
close of life. In hi*- last will, having no near rela« 
tives, who needed his bounty, he beiiueathcd all he 
po&sessed, amounting to >g:J0OO, after s; 
a few small legacies to some p-iri:cu'ar friends, 
to tiie corporation cf Harvard cidie^e. The inter' 
est of this generous beiiofaction is to be annually 
vested in modern publications for the increast* of 
the college library, which at present consists of 
more, than 1500<.» volumes and, if not the largest, 
is unquestionably the most valuable of any in 


539. Presented to the rev. Joseph 
M'Kean, by a number of his friends and 
late parishioners, of 3Iilton, as a teEtimouial 
r»f their affection, and to express how deep- 

ly ihty regret his separation from theci, 

JVolc. — This inscription i« from a valuable piece 
of plate. 'J1ie rev. inr M'K<iin, now Tloyl.vlon pro- 
fessor of rhetorick und oratory at Harvard univer- 
sity, was ordained over the church and congrega- 
tion at Milton, on the 1 of November, 1797. His 
lieailh being inucli impaired, he asked a dismission 
fioni his parochial charge, whicli was honourably 
granted, with a iiandsonie recommendation, undcr 
t lie sanction of a venerable ecclesiastical council, of 
which the rev. di)c. Lathrop was moderator, on 
the 3 of October, 180i. 


540. Huic sepulchro niandanliir exiiviee 
Jahacobi Sfieafe WiLiiARD, rev. prses. 
Josc[)lii Wiliardfllii ^ juvcnis ingcnio solido 
pr3 diti, probitate et virtute coiispicui, tem- 
poris in usii assidui, sodalil)us omflibus dilec- 
ti, matris,sororuiTi, ct fratram spei. 

Ah spem dolosara ! Morbo crudeli subito 
correptus animam ('fflavit spt ininiortalitatis 
beatae firmissinia, anno cursus academici 
tertio, die Julii 26, anno sahilis 1805, ata- 
lis 18. 

No!e. — This inscription was written by Sidney 
Willard, A. M. Hancock professor of the oriental 
languages at Ilorvaid naivcrsity, and brother of tht 


Jtaiable and endearing youth, whose memory he ba>^ 
30 justly and aflcctionately embalmed. 


341. M.S. die 7 mo. Julii, A. I). 1310; 
ineuntc aetatis anno 27 mo. obiit acadeniia^ 
HarvardinjE alumnus, Sami/el HARinSjpatro 
Samuel Harris et matre Sarah, natus Bos- 
toniae. Litcraruni a pucro mire studiosus : 
et vixdum adultus omnibus fere linj:;ui3 orien- 
talibus eruditus, return antiquamm abdita el 
mirabilia quibus maxime delectaretur cu- 
riosc et feliciter perscrutatiis, rrcteris sua^ 
ffitatis facile prajcelliiit.. Cum spes amicorum 
maxima foveretur futurum patriae honorera 
ct dccns, cursu academico jam prope pcrac- 
la, iiifelioi morte correptus, fluctibus CaroU 
fluminis subniervsus, elieu ! niortaliii reliquit, 
Tauta illi pictas et benevolentia, tanta mo- 
ium suavitas, tanta modestia, ut nullum suis, 
\ el amandi viviis, vel mortiuis lugcndi statue- 
lit modum. Hoc Uteris, hoc moribus, hoc 
eximise virtuti, amicitias quam irapar monu- 
jiientum ! sacraverunt juveries, amici, so- 
tlales. Heu ! quanto minus est cum aliis 
'^r?ari, quam tui mcnmiissc. 


342, Nvle. — The sljin, which hionght the char- 
ter to Massachusetts with tlie hoiiuuraUle Jnhii 
WiiithiO|), the first govetnour of that sccliun 
of America, also ccinvcyed a .Sto.vk Mvg, mounted 
witli silver, which is carefully prei-erved hy the h.m. 
"William Winthrop, and is valuahle on account of 
its anti'julty and the celebrity of the personages, to 
Avlioni it has belonged. A scrip of paper acc,j;:> 
panies it containJng the subjoined passage in tlie 
autograj'hy of Adam Winthrop, son of Adam Win- 
tlirop of Onjtnn in treat Britain, and father ofgo- 
vernourJohn V/iulhrop, from whoai have descended 
many distinguished for their patriotism, literature, 
and science, and for the various offices of honour 
and trust they have sustained in each successive 

At ye feast of St. Mich,, an. 1007, niy 
sistf;r, ye lady jMildmay did give me a stoae 
pott tipped and covered "vvith a siiyer lydd. 


543. M. S. Fauncisc-s: Shirley, quarn 
vir,s;incm omnium adniirationi coiDincndavit 
exiuiiiis forma" nitor, farailiariuin veto eti- 
am amori gratior venicna in piilchro corpon:; 
virtus; quam miptam fides intemerata, amor 
sincerus, rcrum domesticarum [)rudci!s ad- 
niiiiistratio. Indoles suavitsinia in tantum 
marito devinxerunt v.\. cor ejus in ilia liiti=« 


'?)ine confitlerit 5 quam inatrcm nulla priiui 
habuit rura quam ut liberonim aaimos 
pi-iestantissimis moribus inibuerat quod et 
gtreuup laboiavit et feliciter ; quam demuni 
in omni vita; statuet conditione, summa ingenii 
clpgantia quicquid decorum atquc honcstuiu 
Jili2;cnter excolentis, quicquid vanum con- 
tra et leve serio aversantip, morum simplici- 
1 as Candida, pictas infucata, in egenos liber- 
iilitas, in omncs bcncvolcntia, dolorum tolei- 
antia, voluptatum tcmperantia, cmnis de- 
nique ct omninioda virtus, ut amabilem fe- 
ccnint oiriiiibus, ita amorem ipsum et delici- 
as luijus provincial vivam, dcsiderium tri^te 
et insolabile reddiderunt mortuani. Mari- 
!um liabuit Gulielmum Shirley, hujus pro- 
vincia: pia'fectum, queni filiis quatuor filia- 
busque quiaquc beavit ; e stirpe gcnerosa 
•iata est Londini, 1 092, denata Dorcestriit; 
,Ma2sachusettensium prid. kal. Sept. 17 40, 
In coniinuni hujus oppidi ca3nieterio condi s 
ipsius exuvia; felicem ad mclioreni vitam re- 
•.litum expectant. 

Juxta liauc prBestantissimam matrem posi- 
turn est quicquid mortale fuit filiaj natu se- 
f.undiB, Francisca; Bollan, Gulielmi Bollan.^ 


armigcn, in curia vice admiralilatis apiuV 
Massac!) uscttsenscsiopii advocati, nuperux- 
ovis, quain virtus ct forma excellens, prii- 
dcntia ct iriofcnium cxcultum, pictas ct 
mores suavisr-imi, dilectissimum omnibus, 
dum ill vivis I'uit, fmxerunt. Spatiolo vita\ 
heu breve,, pevcurso, annum quippe vix 
quartum supra vicesimum attigit, primo in 
partu diem obiit supremum 12 kal. Martias, 
17-44, marito, parentibus, amicis, ingens 
;ui dcsideriurn relinquens. 

Niitt. — This inscription anJ the next following 
were taken irom elegant tablets within the walls of 
Kind's Chapel in Boston. 


j44. M. S. Carou Aptiioup, qui pa- 
terfamilias prudons et liberalis mercator in- 
tegerrimus, insigni probitatc civis, inter hu- 
jiis ffidis instauratorcs prajcipue munificus^ 
sincera fide et larga caritate christiamis^ 
obiifsexagenarius 11 Nov. 1758, repenting- 
et suis immalura morte praneptus. Nc tan- 
tiarum virtutum memoria et exemplum ob- 
solerct; vidua ct 15 liberi superstitcs lio< 
^nv'Tior o.morj« '^t pi^t9ti« rr'onuTnf>nliirn P 7' 



j-13. Pro republica semper. Sacred to the 
memory of Samuel Vassall, vh(\. of Lon- 
don, merchant, one <»f the original proprie- 
tors of the lands of this country, a steady 
and undaunted assertor of the liberties of 
England. In 1028, he Avas the fixit, Avho 
boldly refused to submit to the tax of ton- 
nage and poundage, an unconstitutional claim 
of the croAvn arbitrarily imposed ; for which, 
to the ruin of his family, his goods were 
seized and his person imprisoned by the star 
chamber court. He was chosen to represent 
the city of 1/ondon in two successive parlia- 
ments, Avhich met, 13 April and 3 Novem- 
ber, 1640. The parliament in. luly, 1641. 
voted 10445 pounds 12 shillings and 2 pence 
for his damages and resolved that he should 
be further considered for his personal suffer- 
ings , but the rage of the times and the neg- 
lect of proper applications since have left to 
his family only the honour of that vote and 
resolution. He was one of tlie largest sub- 
scribers to raise money against the rebels in 
Ireland. All these facU may be seen in the 
^V^urnals of the house of commons. He ■wa'^ 


the son of the gallant .(olin Va.'sall, Avho, in 
1588, at liis own expense, fitted out and 
commanded two ships of war, with -wliicli hr 
joined the royai uavj to oppose the Spanish 

This monument was erected by his preat 
grnndson, Florcntius Vassall, esq. of the isl- 
and of ' aniaiea, now residing in England, 
May, ned. 

Ntiic — The foregoing inscription is from an ele- 
gant marble monument, uilhin thr walls of Kind's 
thapel, surmounted with the hc;ul ofmr. Vassall 
iicotly wrought, and furnished with various cuhle- 
mutick appurtenances and devices. 


j46. JVcte — The principal incidents in the life, 
with the leading traits in the character, of i zekiel 
Cheever, the learned, and celelirated master of the 
ancientLatin grammar school in Boston, are broui^ht. 
to view in the following epitaph, probably, written 
by doctor Cotton Mather, which was designed to 
perpetuate a remciiibrance of his 'sterling worth. 

EzEKiEL CxiEEVERus, ludima«ister, pvj- 
mo, Neo portensis ; deinde, Ips-viccnsis; po£- 
tea, Carolotenensis; postremo, Bostoneiisis 5 
cujus doctrinam ac virtiitem nostvi, si sif 
NovsngiuF. colis, si non Barabus; gram-. 


^mticus, a quo, non pure tanlum, sed tt 
pie, loqui; rhcloii ns, a quo non tantum 
ornate clicci-c coram honiiiubus, scd et era- 
tioues coram Deo iuuderc efFiracissimas ; 
poeta, a quo non tantum carmina pangere, sed 
et cailestcs hymno?, odasq. angelicas canere, 
didicerunt qui discere voluerunt ; luccrna, 
ad quaiD acccnsa sunt, quir. qucat numcrarr, 
<|uot ecclesjaruni lumina? et qui secum cor- 
pus thcologije abslulit, periiissimus tlieolc- 
gus, corpus liic suum j;ibi minus charunr, 
deposuit. Vixit aiinos 94. Docuit annos 70. 
Obiit A. D. 1705), et quod mori potuit, heic 
*xpcctat exoplatq. primam sanctorum resur- 
jectiop.em ad imiiJortalitaioKi. Exuviis dcbe- 
-tur Ijonos inirionalitatcra primam. 

Doctor Cotton Jlntlier prpacheJ his funeral ser- 
mon, wliich abounds in learned and apposite quota- 
tions Troin ancient anthors ar,d liigh en-coniinins Uf>- 
■on his much revered preceptor, from the close cl' 
^^rhwh the Rnbseqnent paragraphs are added. 

" Out of the school he was one, antiqnafide prii- 
ds moribns, a clinstian of tlic old fashion, an eld 
r^w English christian ; and, T may tell yon, that 
he wag as venerable a 3:ght as the v/orld since the 
days of primitive Christianity lias ever looked upon. 

" He was well studied in t!ie body of divinity, an 
able defender of the faith and order of the gospel, 
O 2 


uotn'uly conversant and acquainted with sciiptiiihl 
prophecies, and, by cont^equence, a sober chiliaf^t. 

" He lived, as a master, the term, which has 
been, for above three thiunand years, assiijiied lur the 
life of man. He coutiiiucd, iintu tlie niiiPty-fourtli 
year of his .-ic;e, an unusual instance of liveliness ; 
kis intellectual tVnce :is little abated as his natural. 
He exeuiplilicd the lulfdment of that word, as ih) 
day so shall thy strength be, in the i;loss, which 
the Terusaleni Targum has put upon it; as thou 
wast in the days of thy youth, such thou shalt be in 
thy old age, the reward of his IVuitfulness, for fruc- 
tus liberat arborem; the product of his temperance, 
rathei', than uhal my lord Verulam assigns as a 
rer?on for vivaciMus scholars. 

"Death must now do its part. He died longin^;^ 
lor death. Jur old Simeon waited for it, that he 
jii'^iit get nearer to the consolation of Israel. H.- 
Jiid leaning, like old Jacob, upon a staff ; the sac* 
ritice and the righteousness of a glorious Christ, lif: 
let us know, was the golden staff which he leaned 
upon. He died mourning for the quick apostacy, 
which lie saw breaking in upon us ; very easy about 
bis own eternal happiness, but full of distress fur a 
poor people here under the displeasure of heaven, 
for former iniquities he thought, as well as latec 
ones. To say no more, he died a candidate for thu 
firyt resurrection. And verily our land is weaken- 
ed when those fiy away, at whose flight we may 
cry out, njy father, my father, thechaviots of Ncn- 
Englaud and the borsciaea liiereof.'' 



547. Here lyelh the body of major Tho- 
mas Savagi:, aged 75 years, deceased thc 
15 of February 1681-2. Repaired by Isaac 
Winslow, 1800. 

Note. — Major Savage left England in the reign of 
Charles I. ami was an ufficer in the colonial wars 
with the aborigines of tiiis country. He had two 
brothers, one of whom was the rev. Arthur Savage, 
dean of Carlisle. 

After his arrival in 3Iassachnselts, he married, 
for his first wife. Faith Hutcliinson, by whom he haj 
four sonii and three (laughters. His second wife was 
a daughter of the rev.Zechariah Symmes of Charles- 
town, by whom he had several children. 


.^4S. Xotc. — Rev. Tuojias Tiiacueh, bon of 
icv. Peter Thacher of Saruni, in England, was 
born, 1 ?Iay, 16^0. He arrived at Boston, 4 June, 
16Sj, and married, for liis first wife, a daughter of 
the rev. Ralph Partridge of Duxboroiigh. He was 
ordained at Weymouth, 2 January, 1644, and in 
1669, v.-iis removed to Boston, where he became the 
iirst minister of the Old South Church. By his first 
wife he had two sons, rev. Peter Thacher of Milton 
and rev. Ralph Thacher of Martha's Vineyard. 
I\Iather in speaking of him says that he was one, 
who, with his prayers, did cxlicni lundsre ct missricor- 
diaxn extormiere. 



J49. Here lycth intened the body of 
Jacob Siieafe, of Boston, ulio for bume 
time lived at Crambiock, in Kent, in Ould 
Infiland. He deceased, the 22 oi 3Iai(;h, 
1G58, aged 58 years. 


550. Elisha Broavn, of Boston, -who 
in October, 1769, during 17 days, inspired 
■with a generous zeal for the laws, Inavcly 
and successfully opposed a whole British re- 
giment, in their violent attempt to force liim 
from his legal habitation. Happy citizen, 
uhen called singly to be a barrier to tlie li- 
berties of a continent ! 

Note. — This inscription seems to exhibit sonie- 
tiiing more like tiie fictions of romaticc, tliaii rriil 
history. The fact, iiowcvcr, is, that nir. IJrown, 
in 1769, when the Biiti.'h troojis were quaitercil in 
Bufton, possessed a valuable estate at the south 
part, of the town. These troops, having selected 
mr. Brown's situation, as peculiarly advantageous 
for their use, and his mansion, as a convenient cdilicc 
for a barrack, surrounded it, and continued their 
-iege for seventeen days ; but, all other occupants 
being withdrawn, he secured the doors, ai.d uin- 
^ows in the lower :tory, with bolts and /;ar?, a^j^j 

mione vesisted the opposing British torco ! In all 
this time, he had nothing for his sustEnancc, except 
such articles as liis friends found means to throw 
into his window I [See Omnium Gatherum.] 


551. A trophy from the wijrwam of king 

Philip, Mhen he -jvas slain, in 1676, i>y 

Richard. Presented by Eleazer Richard, 
his grandson. 

IVole. — The foregoing is a copy of the inscription, 
neatly gilt, on a wooden Bowl, now an article in 
the cabinet of the Mas«. His. Soc. which belonged 
to Philip, the sachem of the Waraponoag tribe of 
Indians. This lordlj- dish is made of oak, and will 
contain about six quarts, which was indeed a goodly 
quantity, Avhether of nokehifce, appoon, nausamp, 
or 6ukl(cla«b, for the breakfast of his tawny ma- 

552. Note. — In different parts of the taost spa- 
cious room in Fa\euil Hall, the subsequent in- 
.scriptions are to be found. Here, also, i? to be seen 
in one conspicuous situation an elegant full length 
portrait of the illustrious Washington, and, in anoth- 
er, that of Peter Faneiiii, esq. whose munificence 
gave rise to the building, which bears his name, and 
■-f! which was first rocked the cradle of American 

liberty and irnlependpnco. On two liaii(1souiely 
painted pillars are the lollowiny names ; on one, 

SIOnCA.\, GATK5, WAIll), WOObTtll ; 

on the other, 


He that outlived that day, and came safe back 
From those sharp conflictF, which the same assured, 
Shall st.and on tiptoe, when that day is named, 
And rouse him at the sound of independence. 

They who lived through those times and sec old age.- 
Shall yearly feast among their couiitiymen, [scars. 
And some shall strip their fleeves and show iheir 

Familiar in our mouths, as household words, 
Shall be the names of Wabhinj^ton, and Warren. 
Hancock, and Adams, Hamilton, and Green, 
Knox, Franklin, Lincoln, and full many others 
Shall in our flowing cups be fresh remembered. 
Our independence, then, ne'er go by. 
From this day to the ending of tbe world, 
But its first founders we'll commeinoralc. 


Sons of New-England, venerate the plough. 
So with superior boon shall your rich soil 
Become th' exhaustless granary of a world. 

Hestrained by legif lative ties, 

Discouraged commerce droops and dic'i 


Where indepen Jcnce cheers th' iuvcntivc uiiud 
Science and art their high perfection find ; 
Mechanick power her giant hand applies, 
Fleets ride the occait^ mighty cities rise. 


Nule. — Tliis is a copy of the inscription on a cir- 
cular medal about two inches in diameter, widely 
and neatly embroidered around the periphery, which 
was presented to mr. Paine lor his prologue, writ- 
ten for the opening of the theatre in Boston, as the 
reward of merit and genius. 

By act of the general court of Massachusetts, 
his name was afterwards changed to Robert 
Treat Paine, jun. In his application for this ul- 
ceration, he stated that it w;\s his desire to have a 
rhrislian name. He was unwilling any longer to 
bear that of a certain noted infidel and reviler of re- 

Mr. Paine was unquestionably a man of uncom- 
2ion genius. No American in his day had equal re- 
j>ntation for poetick taient?. 

His productions, in prose and verse, hctve been 
coUecteJ together and handsomely printed in a 
t.irge octavo volume with sketches of his life, char^ 
acter, and writings. His portrait was taken after 
*»i- decease and engraved to accompany his wcrkp ; 


but it does little justice to the orifzinal, at leasi, 
when living. 

He was a son of the late venerable patriot, the 
hon. Robert Treat Paine, of Boston. He was edu- 
cated at Harvard university and enrolled among its 
graduates in 1792. Having ciitcied on bisSC yeav. 
he departed this life, tS November, 1811, leaving v 
wldou-, one daughter, and two sous. 


554. Templum D. O. M. hoc loco 
primitiis dicatum erat^ Jan. A. D. 1717. 
Ampliatum, A. D. 1729. Amotus erat, 
Ap. A. D. 1314. Fundamenta hiij. nov. 
sedis tunc, quod fclix faustumq. sit, posita, 
Ap. 14, A. D. 1814, lev. Samuele Cooper 
Tliacher ecclesicT nost. past. 

Hjbc a2;untur, iilustriss. Caleb Strong reip. 
Mass. »ub. hon. Giiliel. Phillips vice gub. 
rev. Johan. T. Kirkland, D. D. universit. 
Hai-v. pra?s. ecclcs. nost. nuper past. 

Note. — The foregoing is a copy of the inscription 
engraved on a silver plate and deposited under 
some part of the new stone congregational '"'iitfcH, 
Tiow erecting on Suiamer Street, in Boston. 


555. Sacred to the niemoiy ot the lion 
TnoAtAf? D^vis. esq, whodic*!. 21 Jamiory. 


A. D. 1805, aged 48 yeav5, formerly treas- 
rrer of this commonwealth and senator of 
'lassachusetts, which offices, as well as many 
others, he filled in a manner highly useful to 
die community and honourable to himself. 

This monument, in token of their respect 
and allectiou for his memory and their just 
sense of his di.-linguished merit and services, 
is erected by the Boston IMarine Insurance 
Company, over which institution he presi- 
ded, from its establishment, until his decease, 
and the concerns of Avhich he conducted with 
undeviating rectitude, with great ability, and 
to r.'jiversal acceptance. 


55Q. Tiio.MAS Dawes, A. A. S, born, 
3 August, 173], died, 2 Januaiy, 1800, 
a-tat. 78. 

Of his taste for the Grecian simplicity in 
architecture there are many moaaments, 
which iic raised, when that art v;as nev; to 

Tfic records of Massachusetts show that 
he was one of her active legislators from the 
year, 1770, until ho v>as 70 years old, v,hcf. 
he retired with faculties, unimpaired. 
vys. I. — vol.. Ill, P 


To the fiscal concpriis of this metropolis, 
to its literary and other institutions h«; was a 
zealous frieud. 

He was an elector at the three first elec- 
tions of president of the United States and 
discliarced various trusts to his own honour 
and tiie i)ul)lirk good. 

Note. — The l;ite rev. Joseph F.ckley, D. D. de- 
livered a sermon, on the afternoon of (he secomt 
sabbath in January, 1809, from Job 19. 25, from 
the close of which tiic following extract has been 
taken, and is respectful to the memory of (he hon. 
nir. Dawes. 

" To the choice of the pubject, which we have 
contemplated this afternoon, my hearers will readi- 
ly suppose I liave been directed by the late decease 
of the senioi' deacon of this religious society. It is 
sanctioned by long custom that, after any of our 
friends and brethren have acted in some of the most 
conspicuous and important station?, a particular 
notice should be taken of their lives and char.icters, 
when the scene of their activity is closed, and we 
have just returned from following their sable hearses 
to the congregation of the dead. But few persons 
have been brought into more publick view, and, for 
a long course of time, sustained a greater variety of 
olFices, than onr late respected brother. 

" As a native of Boston, he discovered a very 
earnest attacliment to its interest, and, at an early 
season of life, bent hi« \v'\v.<\. ntr.niir oth^r thini;*. \r> 


the desire of it^ exterior improvement. From liie 
callinj;, which lie pursued, and in which he acted as a 
principal, he greatly amended tiie style of architec- 
ture, and there is now a considerable number of 
private, as well as some publick edilxes in this 
town and in the vicinity, indebttd for tlieir 
conveniency and beauty to his skill. The Ameri- 
can Academy of Arts and Sciences was well jufti- 
fjed in making him one of its members. 

" When the political concerns of our country, no 
less than fifty years a^o, required a martial spirit 
and knowledge of tactick?, colonel Dawes was one 
of the most useful officers of the militia of this then 

" To the fiscal state of this capital lie paid a very 
particular and assiduous attention. With its pecu- 
niary concerns, there was no person more intimate- 
ly acquainted. I have understood that the town of 
Boston had iiftcn coni^ideied itsell as having been 
overcharged in the general tax tlirougluut the com- 
monwealth. From the knowled;j;e, which he was 
judged to possess on this subject he was elected, by 
a full vote of the inhabitants of this place, as a mem- 
ber of the house of representatives in the general 
court, iu the year 17T7, araonR which body, his in- 
formation on many points connected with the rela- 
tive situation of the towns in the whole state, espe- 
cially on the subject of taxation, gave him, for a 
number of years, so decided an influence, as to ena- 
ble him to repel many improper claims, and ellec- 
tually to serve the interest of this his native place. 


' Although by these particular exertions, Lc 
voluntarily consented to an 5ibric!:;mont of his pop- 
ularity among the members of tiic geiierai court, 
yet such was the seuse, vviiich th(" citizens of Bos- 
ton entertained of his services, that by tiieir united 
suttVagcs, he was advanced to a scat in tlie senate, 
in which station he served several ycar^i. Soon 
afterward he was elected to the coii-.icil ; and it 
was no small jrratilication to him that, in each of 
these offices, he acted for a v.hilc as colleague with 
4he hon. uiessrs. Phillips and Mason, his brcthrcu 
both as members and deacons of this church. 

" The honourable nir. Dawes continued in the 
council until the age of seventy years, when by the 
death of lieutenant governnur Gill, then the chief 
magistrate of the state, he became president of the 
council, and for a time, was the first acting magis- 
trate in the corauionwoalth. He had been an elec- 
tor at the three lirirt elections of president of the 
United States. 

" To this station, as counsellor he would un- 
■doubtedly have been re-elected, but at the age ©f three 
score years and ten he saw fit to decline being u 
candidate for this or any otlier office in the gift of 
his fellow citizens, and gave pui>lick. notice of the 
intention. From this time to the close of his life, 
lie gradually withdrew from many other publick en- 
gagements, observing, among other reasons, that at 
such an advanced age, it was fit that the business of 
the present world should give way to the m^re ir- 
lercstiu!; concerns cf the future. 


" In his connexion with tliis reliu;imis society I 
find by the records, that nir. Dawes was baptized 
by the vow doc. Sewall in this clmrch in the month 
of Aiig!i>t, ill the year, 1731. He was admitted as a 
nicniher in full conniuinion, A. D. 17i9, being in his 
19 year. Since my own relation to this society, I 
liave always known him among those, who have 
taken liie most active part in its concerns. After 
the revolutionary war with Great Britain, dining 
which the internal part of the house, in which Ave 
are now assembled, was destroyed, he drew tlie plan 
in which, with a few late alterations, it now ap- 
pears; and was a principal agent in the erection of 
the adjoining buildings belonging to the general 
estate. In the year 1737, he was chosen a deacon, 
in which office he continued until he was removed 
by death, being upwards of 21 years. He was re- 
markable for being a constant worshipper in the 
house of the Lord. During the last year of his life, 
disorder and sickness impaired, in some degree, the 
vigour of his mind, which was naturally strong, and 
being improved not indeed by an acadeniick, yet by 
a good education, endued him with uncommon abili- 
ty to serve both the publick at large, and his par- 
ticular friends. It was a great consolation to the 
members of his family and to others, that notwith- 
standing this violent shock to his constitution, 
his rational powers and faculties were continued. 
Throughout this sickness, his views and conversa- 
tion principally turned on the great subject of re- 


iigion. In the fiec|neiit visits I paid him, and whicii 
he always appeared to receive with gratification, he 
i'ully expressed his sense ol'tlic great depravity and 
siiil'iiiness attaclied to human nature, the necessity 
1)1" tiic divine in the renewal and sanclifi- 
cation of tlie heart, tiie insniljciency of man's riglit- 
eousncss for tiie end of justification, the glorious 
nature of pardon in virtue of the mediation, witli 
animated hopes that, througli the faith, he had long 
professed and still continued to declare in the hles- 
scd Rcdecr.>er, he might be freely accepted, and 
made compieteiy happy in the enjoyment of a holy 
God. With these sentiments, he mixed many otliers 
respecting the instability of all earthly things, the 
iin|)ortancc of contemplating time in relation to 
eternity, and continually seeking a state of prepar- 
ation, by grace, for the change, which will soon be 
made on us nU by the stroke of death. 

" He lived to the beginning of the new year ; and, 
ihougli weak and faltering, he said to his family 
he would begin it in the house of the I^ord. He 
heard my worthy colleague in the morning on a sub- 
ject adapted to the season. He was not able to at- 
tend the service of the afternoon, but, as I learn^ 
conversed with his particular connexions in the eve- 
ning, in a manner the most appropriate to the occa- 
sion, ainl with a great degree of seriousness, solem- 
nity, and aflection. At four o'clock, the following 
moriiiag, by a sudden fit of the paralytick kind, he 
was bereaved of his reason ; and, in six hours after- 
wards, resi^Hcd hid spirit unto God, v,'h j gave it, 


'Brelhreu! we sliall all die. To that eternal 
Being we siiull speedily go, wlio is acquainted witb 
tlie state of the living ami the dead, who will judge 
us all in righteousness by his Soa, according to the 
riilesof the blesfetl gospel, through which each chris- 
tian believer will be accepted, and the saint rejoice 
and triumph for ever. 

" On this occasion, may the comforts of religioa 
be administered to the bereaved family of the deceas- 
ed I May the event be sanctified to this chrittian so- 
ciety, wit'i whicii he was so long connected I and 
when we shall all leave the present world of sin and 
deaiii, may we attain an everlasting life of right- 
eousness ! May we joyfully rest in Jesus Christ, 
with whom we trust is our departetl friend and 


.WT. T^ote. — John Jov, who received his bacca- 
iaureate, at Harvard university, in 1797, was a mod- 
est, amiable, promising young man. He was a 
son of mr. John Joy of Boston, and died, to the great- 
est grief of those, who knew him best, on the lo of 
September, 1798, in the 20 year of bis age. 

Mr. Joy was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa 
fraternity. The following lines in reference to this 
worthy brother, conclude the anniversary [-oem, de- 
livered before that literary association, by William 
Eiglow, A. M. in 1799. 
" Not to ourselves with partial pride confin'd. 

Hers may we learn to love and bless mankind. 

To watch the «ljjng stranger's dangerous htS, 
AVheii every friend and every hope is (led ; 
Careful to cool his latest feverish breatii, 
And close his eyes, when sunk in icy deqth ; 
May this continue our di\ ine employ; 
Thus liv'd, tluis died, our lov'd, lamented Joy." 

558. JVdlc. — The subjoined sketch was prepared 
for a place in this Collection, at the request of its 
author, by the gentleman, who wrote the conclud- 
ing part of the 427 article. 

" Francis DvNA Channing, esquire, secom! 
son of William and Lucy Channing, was born at 
Newport, Rhode Island, 16 August, 1775. His 
mother was a daughter of AVilliain and Ann Ellery. 
He was named for the late excellent chief justice, 
Francis Dana, who married his maternal aunt. 

"Heenteied Harvard college, in 1790, and re- 
ceived its honours in regular course. He was dis- 
tinguished, while an uiulergraduate, for the bril- 
liant and strong powers of his mind, the elegance 
and {)urity of his manners, the regularity and vir- 
tue of his demeanour, and the extent and sound- 
ness of his knowledge. In a class of no ordinary 
excellence, though of small numbers, he had no su- 
perior in classical and polite literature. Few stu- 
dentsever pass through the academickcour.«e, at the 
same time more acceptable to the authority, and 
more beloved by his associates. Nor was a nio- 
roeat's suspicion ever entertuiaeJ, that he practised 


iny arts tn reniler himself popular. He was as in^ 
ilepemlent iu spirit, as lie was exemplary in conduct, 
A frieinl, who enjoyed the most uii reserved and de- 
iightful intimacy, at this distance of time, looks 
hack with unmingled admiration and esteem on ail, 
which Channing then uas. lleinenibering the high 
promise he gave, not without deejiest grief can that 
mysterious dispensation be contemplated, which 
removed him from the world before he had accom- 
plished the services, for which he was eminently 
qualified, or gained the eminence, which, had his 
life been spared, he would have attained. 

" He engaged in the profession of law and resided, 
for a time, at Cambridge, whence he removed to 
Hoston and gradually, but surely, adv^anced to the 
foremost ranks among the great men, who are mem- 
bers of the SulTolk bar. His townsmen proved 
their sense of his worth by electing him one of their 
representatives ; and he honoured their choice. 

" In 1810, his health, which hail for some years 
jjcen slender, appeared materially to decline ; and 
a voyage to South America was recommended for 
ills relief. He sailed for Rio De Janeiro, 17 Octo- 
ber ; and expired at sea, nineteen days after, on the 
T of November. 

" He had lived valued, he died deeply lamented. 
His course was marked by integrity, benevolence, 
and piety. His christian faith was firm, his chris- 
tian affections fervent. What he believed and felt 
he avowed, by becoming a pnblick professor and 
ri'ommunicant. His doracstick and soRial character 

was singularly esliinablc and endearing. As it sou, 
a brother, a iiiishand, a father, a friend, he was ail 
that is kind and faitiiful. He was indeed one of 
those good m§n, for iclioin some might even dare to 


559. Note. — Doctor William Bovd, youngest 
brother of the hon. John P. Boyd, brigadier gene- 
ral in the army of the United States, was graduated, 
at Harvard university, in 1796. He was a young 
gentleman of an amiable disposition, pleasing ad- 
dress, and fine literary taste. Having nearly com- 
pleted his course of medical studies, he was seized 
with a consumptive complaint, which bafRed the 
skill of his able attendants and closed his life, on 
the 13 of January, 1800, in the '-4 year of his agp, to 
the great grief of a numerous circle of respectable 
relatives and friends. 

Doctor Boyd, while an undergraduate, delivered 
an oration, by appointment of his class, on the death 
of a promising young gentleman, John Russell, of 
North Yarmouth, a senior sophister, who died iij 
Cambridge. This oration was well received, and 
was given to the publick, at the request of his fel- 
low students. He wrote sundry occasional poems, 
which retlecteil h()n(jur on his talents. One of tlicsc, 
entitled fVuman, delivered at a publick collegiate ex- 
hibition, 19 of April, 1796, was issued from the 
press, and is still admired. The introductory ami 
♦'oncludiiig parts of this poem arc here preserveii. 


" When time was younjj, and nature first began 
To form tliis odd fantastick being, man, 
She rack'd her fancy to invent a joy 
Unknown before, to please the smiling boy. 
Her choicest viands from tlie field she brought, 
Cherish'd each herb, and all their uses taught, 
PressM the cold earth, and bade the fountain pour 
Its stream meandering to the distant shore. 
To cheer tlie day and banish every pain, 
She spread luxuriance o'er the festive plain, 
Smil'd on the scene, and call'd the choirist's song 
To sweeten pleasure and the joy prolong. 
Though far around was pour'd the plenteous tide, 
No charm forgotten, and no bliss denied ; 
Thougii rich profusion lavish'd all its store, 
Man saw the tasteless sweets, and pin'd for morft. 
Still anxious care his feeling heart oppress'd, 
And pensive langour rankled on his breast. 
The plague ennui his ckarest joys had stole 
And solitude's cold pleasure chill'd his soul. 
Parental care again the task renew'd. 
Again each art, with fondest zeal pursu'd ; 
From opening roses cuU'dthe blushiog dye, 
And the mild lustre of the new bora sky ; 
Fromev'ry sweet expanding to the view 
The isagick power a soft perfection drew ; 
RestoAv'd each grace that nicest skill could give, 
And call'd the lovely composition Ere, 
The winning fair from nature's wardrobe dress'd, 
By heav'n applauded, and by man caress'd. 
Each melting charm with artless pride displayed. 
I"n f"rm an angel, and is he«rt aniftid* 


- Columbia, hail ! along tliy favouiM short, 
The fientl, oppression, shall be heard no more. 
No tyrant lord, with jealous fear shall bind 
I'he soft affections of the icmale mind ; 
' ]S'o grov'ling wretch with inij)ious zeal shall dare 
Assauit the rights of heavcu-protectcd fair. 
Fain would the muse her country's honours trace, 
Each winning beauty and each mental grace ; 
But ah ! to speak, and every merit show. 
Would wake the blush, where nought but s:nilee 

should, glow ; 
Then cease distinction, dilforcnce denied, 
With equal virtue be Columbia's pride. 
Soon shall the world receive the geii'rous firt^ 
Plnsh at its follies, and the fair admire ; 
Soon shall the time, by ancient bards foretold, 
A joyful era to the heart unfold ; 
When female worth with purest beam shall shine, 
Nor rival man witli sordid envy pine ; 
When mutual pleasures undistnrb'd shall roll, 
And the rude Arab own a Avoman's soul." 

5G0. Note. — The lion. Thkopuilv* PvnsoN.i, 
iate chief justice of Massachusetts, was a son of ihc 
rev. Moses Parsons of Byiield. He received the 
rudiments of his education in his native place, under 
the celebrated Samuel Mo!)dy, esq. the preceptor of 
Dummer academy. He was graduated at Harvard 
uni\ersit^' in 'TfiP. He studied !aw at Fahnouth, 
BOW Portland, under the late ji:d£;e Bradbury, and, 



for a time, kept the grammar school in that town. 
He first commenced the business of his profession in 
the same place, but soou removed to Newburyport. 
In 1806, he was appointed chief justice of the state, 
aud held that high and honourable olEce to the close 
ef his life. He died in Boston, where he had lived 
for a number of years, in the autumn of 1313, at the 
age of d3. A very interesting sketch of his charac- 
ter was gisen by the hon. Isaac Parker, one of the 
associate justices of the supreme judicial court, ia 
an address to the grand jury, delivered on the -3 
of November, 1813. From this address the follow- 
ing paragraphs are here added. 

" I shall not be accused uf fulsome panegyrick, in 
asserting that the subject of this address has for 
more than thirty years been acknowledged the great 
man of his time. The friends, who have accompa- 
nied him through life, and witnessed the progress of 
his mind, want no proof of this assertion ; but to 
those, who have heard his fame, without knowing the 
materials of which it is composed, it may be useful 
to give such a display of his character as w ill prove, 
that ihe world is not always mistaken in awarding 
its honours. 

" From the companions of his early years I have 
karned. that he was comparatively great, before he 
arrived at manhood ; that his infancy was marked 
by mental labour and study, rather than by puerile 
amusements; that his youth was a season of perse- 
vering acquisition, instead of plea.?ure ; and that. 

"T-x. t.— TOT irr, Q, * 


Wiieil he iiecamc a man, lie sePiiieil to |Kih.scsS thu 
xvisdoni and experience of those, who liad been men 
tong before liim. And, indeed, those of us, who 
have seen him lay open his vast stores of knowledge 
in later life, unaided by recent actiuireuient, and rc- 
h'ing more upon memory, tlnn research, can account 
for his greatness only by supposing a patience of 
labour in youth, which almost exhausted the sources 
of information, and left him to act rather than slndi/, 
at a period w hen others are but beginning to ac- 

" His familiar and critical knowledge of the Greek 
and Latin tongues, so well known to the literati of 
this country, and to some of the most eminent abroad, 
was the fruit of his early labours, preserved ami 
perhaps ripened in maturer years, but gathered in 
the spring time of hi? life. His philosophical and 
mathematical knowledge were of the same early 
harvest, as were also his logical and metaphysial 1 

" Had he died at the ags of twenty-one, I am per- 
suaded he would have been held up to youth, as an 
instance of astonishing and successful perseverance 
in the severest employments of the mind. 

" Heaven, which gave him this spirit of industry, 
endowed him also with a genius to give it effect. 

*' There were united in him an imagination vivid, 
but not visionary, a most discriminating judgmenl, 
*he attentiveness and precision of the mathemati- 
dan, and a memory, which, however enlarged ani' 


•trtiigUieiievl by exercise, must have been originaliy 
powerful and capacious. 

" With these wonderful faculties, which had, from 
the first da« nings of reason, been employed on sub- 
jects most interesting to the human mind, he came 
to the study of that science, which claims a kindred 
with every other; the science of the law. 

" This was a field worthy of his labours and con- 
genial with his understanding. How successfully 
he explored, cultivated, and adorned it, need not lt« 
related to his cotemporarics. 

" Never was fame more early or more just, thae 
that of Parsons as a lawyer. At an age when most 
of the profession are but beginning to exhibit their 
talents and to take a fixed rank at the bar, he was 
confessedly, in point of profound legal knowledge, 
among the first of its professors. 

" His professional services were every where, 
sought for. In his native county, and in the neigh- 
bouring state of New-Ham psbi re, scarcely a cause 
of importance was litigated in which he was not au 
advocate. His fame had spread from the country to 
the capitoi, to which he vvas almost constantly call- 
ed to take a share in trials of intricacy and in- 

" At that early period of his life, his most formi- 
dable rival and most frequent competitor was the 
accomplished lawyer and scholar, the late jndge 
Tiowell, whose memory is still cherished with affec- 
tion by the wise and virtuous of our state. Judge 
■ rtwoll was considerably his senior, kit entertainetl 


Ihe bighc-st respect for the general talents and Jtiridi- 
caj skill of his able competilor. It xvas the highest 
intellectual treat, to see these great men contending 
for victory in the judicial forum. Lowell, with all 
the ardour of the most impassionate eloquence, as- 
saulting the hearts of his auditors, and seizing thrir 
understandings also, with the most cogent, as well 
as the most plausible arguments. Parsons, cool, 
steady, and deliberate, occupying every post, which 
was left uncovered, and throwing in his forces, 
V herevcr the zeal of his adversary had left an open- 
ing. Notwithstanding this almost continual foren- 
sick warfare, they were warm personal friends, and 
freely acknowledged each other's merits 

" The other eminent men of that day, with whom 
Parsons was brought to contend, tlid full justice to 
his great powers. 1 have myself heard the late go- 
vernour Sullivan declare, he was the greatest lawyer 

" So rapid and yet so sure was the growth of his 
reputation, that innncdiatcly upon his couunencing 
the practice of the law, his office was considered, by 
son.e of the fir^t men our state has produced, to be 
the most perfect school for legal instruction. 

" That distinguished lawyer and statesman, RufuE 
King, having finished his education at our university, 
at an age when ho was qualified to choose his own 
instructer, placed himself under the tuition of I'ar- 
sons ; and probably it W'as owing in some measure to 
the wise lessons of the master, as well as to the 
great talents of the scholar, that the latter acquired 


a -celebrity during the few years be remained at tiie 
bar, seldom attained in so short a professional 

*' Many others of our principal lawyers and states- 
men are indebted to the same preceptor for their 
fundamental acquisitions in the science of jurispru- 
dence and civil polity. 

" I will not omit to mention, for I wish not to ex- 
aggerate his powers, that he enjoyed one advantage 
in his education beyond any of his cotcmporaries, 
except tiie learned, able, and upright chief justice 
Dana, whose long and. useful administration in this 
court ought to be remembered with gratitude by his 
fellow-citizens. I refer to the society and conver- 
sation of judge Trowbridge, perJiaps the most pro- 
found common lawyer of N*w England before the 
revolution. This venerable old man, like some of 
the ancient sages of the law ia England, had pur- 
sued his legal dist^uisitioas, long after he had ceas- 
ed to be actively engaged in the profession, from 
an ardent attachment to the law as a science, and 
had employed himself in writing essays and forming 
elaborate readings upon abstruse and difhcult points 
of law. 

" Many of Ids works are now^xtant in manuscript, 
and some in print, and tbey abundantly prove the 
depth of his leai'uing, and the diligence and patience 
of his research. 

" When Parsons had retired to the house of his fa- 
..ber. a respectable minister of Newbury, in conse- 


quence of tho drstrwction of Falmouth by the Bri- 
tisli, he there met juil^e Trowbridge, who haA 
sought shelter from the confusion of the times in the 
fame hospitable mansion. How grateful must it have 
been to the learned sage, in the decline of life, 
fraught with the lore of more, than a half century's 
incessant and laborious study, to meet in a peaceful 
village, secure from the alarms of war, a scholar 
panting for instruction and capable of comprehend- 
ing his i»iofoun<i and useful lessons ; and how delight- 
ful to the scholar to find a teacher so fitted to pour 
instruction into his eager and grasping minJ. He 
regarded it as an unconnnon blessing, and has fre- 
quently observed, that this early interruption to his 
business, which seemed to threaten poverty ani 
misfortune, was one of the most useful and happy 
event? of his life. 

"His habit of looking deeply into the ancienfbooks 
of the common law, and tracing back settled princi- 
ples to original decisions, probably accjnired under 
this fortunate and accidental tuition, was the prin- 
cijial source of his early and continued celebrity. 

" He entered upon business also, after this connex- 
ion ceased, early in our revolutionary war, when 
the courts of ad;niralty jurisdiction were open and 
crowded with causes, in the management of which 
ho had a large share. This led him to study with 
diligence the civil law, law of nations, and the 
principles of belligerent and nentral rights, in all 
which he soon became as distinguished as he was 
for his knowledge of the coramon and statute law 


oJ' the country. Twenty six years ago, wlieu 1 with 
others of ray age were pupils in tlie profession of^the 
law, V.-C saw our masters call liiis man into their 
councils, and yield implicit conGilence to his opin- 
ions. Among men eminent themselves, and by 
many years hia seniors, we saw him by common con- 
sent take the lead in causes, which re(|iiired intri- 
i^ cate investigation and deepness of research. 

' In the art of special pleading, which more than 
(7- any thing tests the learning of a lawyer in his pe- 
culiar pursuit, he had then no competitor. 

" In force of combination and power of reasoning 
ke was unrivalled, and in the happy talent of pene- 
trating through the mass of circumstances, which 
3ometinies surround and obscure a cause, I do not 
remember his equal. 

" His arguments were directed to the undpr?tand- 
ings of men, seldom to their passions, and yet in- 
stances may be recollected, when, in causes, Avhich 
required it, he has assailed the hearts of his hearerr, 
with as powerful appeals as were ever exhibited in 
the cause of misfortune or humanity. I do not dis- 
parage others by placing him at their head. They 
were great men, he was a wonderful man. J^ike the 
great moralist of England, he might be surroinnled 
by men of genius, literature, and science, and neither 
he nor they jufter by a comparison. Indeed, he 
seemed to form a class of intellect by himself, rather 
than a standard of comparison for others. 

" Even his enemies, for it is the lot of all extraor- 
iJinary men to have them, paid involuntary homage 


w» His {ricatiicss ; they designated him by au ap- 
pellation, vvliicli, from its ajituopriuteness, became a 
just complJinRiit, the ^hial of the. lav. 

" I liiivcs|jokcu now of his early life only, before he 
■was thirty five ycare of af;e, and yet it is known 
that common minds and even great minds do not ar- 
rive at maturity iiitliis profesi-ion until a much later 

" From tliis time for near twenty years 1 lived in a , 
remote part of tiie state, and iiad no opportunity 
personally to witness his powers ; but his fame pur- 
sued me even there. He was regarded by those 
lawyers, with Avhom I have been conversant, as the 
living oracle of the law. His transmitted opinions 
carried with tiiem authority sufficient to settle con- 
troversies and terminate litigation. 

" On my accessiou to the bench, 1 had an opportu- 
nity to see him in practice at the bar, when he pos- 
sessed the accumulated wisdom and learning of 
tiity-six years. Thougli labouring under a valetu- 
dinarian system, his mind was vigorous and majes- 
lick. His great talent was that of condensation. 
He presented his propositions in regular and lucid 
t)rder, drew iiis infei-cnces with justness and precis- 
ion, aiul enforced his arguments with a simplicity 
yet fulness, which left nothing obscure or misuuder- 

" He seemed to have an intuitive perception of the 
cardinal points of a cause, upon which he poured 
-'^ut the Avhole treasures of his mind, while he rejec- 


ltd all minor (acts ami principles iroui iiis eoiisitlera- 

" He was concise, energetick, ami resistless in his 
reasoning. The most complicated questions appear- 
ing in his hands the most easy of solution ; and if 
there be such a thintj as demonstratioii in argument, 
ho, above all tlicmen I know, had the power to prO' 
(luce it. 

"With this fulncjsof learning and reputation, hav- 
ing had thirty five years of extetisivc practice in all 
branches of the law, and having indeed for the last 
ten yeai-s acted unodicially as judge in many of the 
most important mercantile disputes, which occurred 
in this town, he was, on the resignation of chief jus- 
tice Dana, selected by our present governour to pre- 
side in this court. This was the first, and I believe 
the only in.stance of a departure from the ordinary 
nile of succession ; and, considering tiie character 
and talents of some, \\]v.> bad been in:iny years on the 
bench, perhaps no geater proof could be given of 
his pre-erainet legal endowments, than that this ele- 
vation should have been universally approved. Per- 
haps there never was a period when the regular 
succession would have been more generally acquies- 
ced in as fit and proper, and yet tlic departure from 
it, in this instance, was every \\ here gratifying. 

" That the man who, in England would, probably, 
by the mere force of his talents, without the aid of 
family interest, have arrived to the dignity of lord 
chancellor or lord chief justice, she uld be placed at 
the head of so important a department, was consid' 


cred a uioit I'avourable epoch in our jiiiiJirul hiv 


061. Nole. — Mrs. Sarah Tretett, consort of 
Samuel Russell Tre%-ett, es^q. who, in the stimmer of 
11814, was appointed commander of the United 
States' revenue cutter on the Boston station, was a 
native of jMarblehead. She was tiie eldest daugh- 
ter of captain JVIicliael Wormstcd and sii-ter of cap- 
tain Robert Wormstcd, of wliom a memoir is given 
in the 525 article of this Collection, and, like her 
brother, was distinguished for a noble generosity of 

She was man-ied to ca])tairi Trevett, 10 March, 
IT73. Theirthildren wore ; I.Susannah Trevett, the 
>vife of Nathaniel Adams ; 2. Sarah Trevett, the 
widow of captain .Jonathan (i lover EartoU, who 
died in Hav:inna at the nt:e of '-7 years ; 5. captain 
Russell Trevett, nn intelligent, active, and enter- 
prising mariner, who died, 5 Octolicr, 1;?1'2, at the 
ageofS5 years ; 4. Rebecca Trevett, who died at 
the age of 5 years ; 5. Mary Trevett, who died in 
infancy; 6. Samuel Russell Trevett, esq. M. D. a 
:5urgeon in the navy of the United StiUes ; 7. Robert 
Wormstod Trevett, esq. a practitioner of the law, 
who i? settled in Lynn ; 8. iJcnjamin Trevett, esq. 
An officer in the navy of the United States ; 9. 
Michael Worrasled Trevett, who died at an early 

Mrs. Ti-cvctt, after suffering extrcmcJv with her 


rust sickness, and exhibiting an uncommonly meek 
anil submissive spirit, expired at Bo.-ton, C Jaiiuaiy, 
iSV2, in the 59 year of her age. She cast Iierselt" 
upon the mercy of tiiat bles?ed Redeemer, whoFC 
professed di.sciplo she had long been and in whom 
she reposed an unshaken confidence, was crowned 
w ith the joys of the christian hope as she anproac'i- 
ed the dark valley of the shadow of death, and at 
last calmly fell asleep in Jesus. Captain Trcvett 
wa*; at Gottenburg and several of the children were 
in distant parts of the country, at the time of the 
last soleinn scene. The remains of mrs. Trevett 
were carried into Christ's Church, where she had 
dciighteiJ to worship the God of her fathers, and 
where the burial service was performed by the wor- 
thy and rev. mr. Eaton, and then were conveyed to 
tiie family tomb in the place of her nativity. 

The following lines, respectful to the memory of 
mrs. Trevett, were written, soon alter her decease, 
by an amiable young lady, a near friend, to wiiom 
she was much endeared. 

" Farewell, thou sainted shade ! Nought then 

could stay 
Thy parting soul. Wiiile late we saw thee lay 
AVith meek submission on the bed of death ; 
Then, vainly, to arrest thy fleeting breath, 
Did bleeding nature urge her kindred ties. 
Thou saw'st it in thy children's pleading eyes ; 
Thou saw'st their silent agony, and thou 
Could'st give no hope ; and recollection, too. 
Painted tUiiie absent husband's dumb despair. 


>\'hen the sad news should reach his list'ning ear. 
How joyless now his long, long-wish'd return I 
How will his lone and sorrowing heart e're learn 
To measure back his course to that dear home, 

Where peace and love did smile ? 
Thine absent sons thy fancy pictur'd too 
O'erwhelm'd with all tht bitterness of woe, 

And nature wept a while. 
But Heav'n decreed thy fate ; wife, mother, 

Are lost forever. Yet so calm thine end 
That sister spirits sure upbore thy soul, 
With angel pity, to its desiin'd goal. 
Yes, Heaven decreed thy fate ; then Heiven dr- 

The sinking mourners, and, in mercy, send 
Its needed aid, from long and deej) despair, 
The hapless partner and the orphans spare. 
Then, fare thee well again, thou sacred shade ! 
Still shall our tributary tears be paid 
Upon thy tomb ; and memory shall dwell 
On those domcstick scenes, thou lov'd'st so well. 
And we will imitate, and hope and trust, 
That, when our frames shall mingle with thedustj 
On v.iags of faith our parting souls may rise, 
And meet thy spirit in its native skie«. 


262. In memory of Thomas Eckle\% 
esq. who departed this life, on the 15 of JuIy; 


f793, aptatis 72. We shall not all sleep, 
ive shall be changed. Then shall be brought 
to pass the sayin<? that is Miitten, death is 
s^vallovred up in victory. 


560. In memoiy of mrs. Katharixk 
EcKLEY, who, by a sudden accident, died, 
18 Aujjust, A. D. 1772, anno a?tatis 4t>. 
To this saJ slirine the leliqiies ue commend 
Of, once, the tender mother, wilu, and friend ; 
Too soon, alas ! those lender l3'-cs were broke, 
Friends, husband, cjjildrcn felt the fatni stroke ; 
Yet cease, fond griff, no mnrra'ring sigh arise, 
Heaven struck the hlow, and hoavDi is jubt and 

Think, dying passenger, life's final date 
Steals on thee heedless of impending f;iio. 
While pleasure courts Ihec with her smiling 

Prepare to meet thy God, tlje torab alarnis. 
Man coineth forth like a flower and is cut 
doAvn, Job 14. 2. 

Note. — Mrs. Eckley, by her sudden removal, ex- 
hibited a most striking exerapliQcation of the pre- 
carious tenure of human life. The manner of her 
death was remarkable and deeply diijlresving to her 
Muraerous friends and connexions. 

PEN, T.--.T9I, iir. R 


Mr. Kcklcy and his wife were on their way i'ui 
Priticetoii to visit their son, the late rev. doc. Eck- 
ley of Jloston, a little before he closed his collegiate 
course. In passing a steep hill, mr. Eckley got out 
of the chaise in cumpassion to his horse. Mrg. 
iirkley helil tlie reins, and was eating an apple, 
wiiicliplie leiMirely cut with a sharp pointed pen- 
knife. The liorsc suddenly started, and threw her 
nut of the carriage, in isuch n manner, that the pen- 
knife was thrust into her hrcast, and she expired in 
:i fe\\ moments ; a very aflecting tlispensation of 
J'loviiloncc ! J II. tl;c midst of life we arc in datUil 

.V34. Xule. — The rev. Joskph Ecklev, D. 1>. 
A* as a native of tiie city of lionclon, and came to 
iliis country, while a youth, with his father, wim 
removed to Ameri(;a with his family and settled at 
Hanover, in the county of Morris, and state of 
"New Jersey. He received a liberal education at 
Princeton, under the presidency of the learned and 
pions doctor Witherspoou, and was graduated in 
1772. Fifteen years after, he was honoured with a 
doctorate from liis alma mater. On the 27 of Octo- 
ber, 1713, lie was ordained the pastor of t.'ic third 
congregational society in Boston, which had heca 
honoured with the labours of Thacher, Willard, 
Pemberton, Sewall, Prince, Curaming, Blair, Bucon, 
and Hunt, all of them worthy characters and some of 
them pre-eminently distinguished for their learning 
and piety. In 1SJ09. the rev. Joshua Hantingfoa wa? 


seitleJ lii« olicaguo aiul is bis succescor in tiie uiiu- 
istry. Doctor Erkicy departed this life, after a 
sliort iliiifiss, on the SO of Ajiri!, 1311, in the 61 
year of liis age. The rev. tloclcr J-Hthrop, tiie 
senior minister of (he Boston nssoiirdion, in h'r, 
accustomed affectionate manner, j);'id a tribute of 
respect to the memory of the able, conscienliou'-, 
faithful, and zealous doctor Eckley, in a sermon, 
from Rev. 14. 13, which he delivered on the day vf 
intennent, and whicli is before the pubiick. Tlils 
article is closed with the following extracts from 
that sennon. 

" Doctor Ecklcy was a faithful minister of t!ic 
word of God. This part of his character I shall 
not attempt to illustrate. I Only appeal to the 
people of his late charge. He has a witness for him 
in your hearts. May I not say, in the words of 
St. Paul, varying them a little to the occasion, yc 
arc icitnesses and God also, Iww Iwlif}/, and justly, 
end unblamcabU', he Lehaccd himself among you, thai 
helicve. "With what solemnity did he warn sinners 
of their danger, and call upon them to repent and 
Le converted, that their sins might be forgiven :' 
With what seriousness did he exhort professors of 
Christianity to walk circumspectly ; to honour their 
profcssio!!, and to cause tiieir ligiit to shine before 
men, that they seeing their good works might be 
induced to glorify God ? While he taught the doc- 
'rinc of justification through faith, he gave eiicour- 
i-'^cemcnt to nono, (hat (hey aiight hope far justili- 


'.atlon, unless thpy hnd tlie faiih, wiiich worketii l;y 
love, and which ptirifieth the heart. 

" Doctor Ecklcy was a zealous minister of tlic 
gospel of Christ. His afi'cctions were iiaturiilly 
lively, and we liave goori reason to believe his hc.irt 
was wanned by tlie grace of (rod. He loved iiis di- 
vine Master and he loved thcsovil^ of men. Ho 
had a zeal for God; bnt it was not a zeal to make 
converts to a particular denominulionof christians, 
nor to a particular niodo of worship. His zeal was 
to make men good ; to make thcni pious and bene- 
volent ; to make them the hninble disciples of Jesus 
Christ; and then it was of little consequence with 
him, where they worshi/ped, provided they in any 
place worshipped God, who 13 a spirit in sjiirit anil 
in trjih. lie had a zeal to build up the kingdom of 
the lledccmer; but he never advised nor requested 
.my to make a profession of what they did not feel, 
Bor to promise what they had no inclination to per- 
form. He very well knew, tiie kingdom of God 
doth not consist in meats and drinks, in outward 
professions and forms of worship ; but in rishleous- 
nessand peace, as well as joy in thejioly Ghost." 

.')G5. Note. — The rev. W i a m Eji eh'-o v, lb 
liite pastor of the first cluirch in Hoston, was bon 
at Concord, in Massachusetts, 6 May, 1769. Ih 
was the only son of the rev. William Emerson of 
that pbice and grandson of the rev. Joseph Emer- 
s'^n of ^)^^^1rn. Hi'-- niother, rars. Pbrlin Finei-.son, 


«as a daugliter of tlie rev. Daniel Bliss of tJoli- 
«or(l. He was enroUeJ among the graduates of 
Harvard university in 1789. He nas ordained the 
pastor of the church and congregation in the toMn 
■of Harvard,' in 1702. His popular talents induced 
the people of the most ancient religious society in 
Boston to take measures for his removal. By an 
honourable adjustment he was released from his 
first charge and was installed in the capital of New 
England, 16 October, 1799, where he continued till 
the 12 of IMay, loJ I, when he died after an illness 
of a few days' continuance. 

Mr. Emerson wrote a History of the first church 
in Boston from its establishment containing much 
interesting inroncalion, which has bepn publisheri 
since his dccea<:p. His character, as given in the 
■sermon delivered at his funeral by the rev. nir. 
Euckrainster, makes a part of the volume. A me- 
moir commemorative of his virtues, talents, ant! 
literary worth is inserted in tlie 1 vol.2 dec. Coll. 
jMasg. His. Soc. The following paragraphs arc se- 
lected from tlie funeral difcourse. 

" The Rev, William Emerson gave early indico- 
iioMS of devolcdness to God. He was a descendant 
of pious ancestors through many generations ; and 
the only son of one of tlie most popular and promis- 
ing ministers of New England, who died early in 
the American revolution. The mother, who sur- 
vives to moum over the death of her son, saw him 
^ith dflight soon giving his attention and studies 
".p the vrord and rainistrv of that God, to whom the 
R 2 


prayers and wishes of liis parents had dirpctcd hi". 
first thoughts. They, who knew hhu best, diiriii;,- 
the most trying jieriod of youthful virtue, hear 
witness to the singular piuity of his mind, tender- 
ness of his conscience, dcvoutness of his feelinp;3, 
and strictness of his manners; qualitifs, which, 
by God's blessini;, age and experience did not di- 
minish, and whicli his christian profci;sion after- 
wards secured and improved." 

*' Such is the constitution of society .imong m. 
that much of the care of our literary and charitabh- 
institutions devolves upon those clergymen, who 
have disposition and qualifications for the task- 
Mr. Emerson's industry, integrity, accin-acy, and 
fidelity were well knovvrn in the numerous societies, 
of which he was a member. The f.own has lort a 
diligent observer of its youth and education ; the 
Academy and Historical vSocicty an a.«-socialenrrcatIy 
interestcd in their flourishing state ; the University 
an attentive overseer. The clergy throughout the 
country have lost a hospitable and liberal brother: 
iiis family a itoost careful and cxceiient father, hus- 
band, and master ; and his friends an honourable 

566 Note. — The rev. Joseph Stevkxs I]r( k- 
Mi YsTER, successor to the late rev. Peter Thachor, 
jfJ. 1). in the pastoral care of the congre^ationpl 
church in Brattle-street, Boston, departed tliis life, 
on the 9 of June, 1812, twenty two hours before hi'- 


iittiaer, lue icv. Joscpli Buckininster of Portsmouii:, 
ia the 29 year of his age. [See art. S73.] He was 
a nseiiiber of the Aintrican Academy of Arts and 
ScienceH, of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
iind an honorary member of the New-York llistori- 
I'ai .Socii'ty. 

Since liis decease, a vohime of hiy <?erinoTis Jias 
; cen selected and published on an cicgaiit paper and 
lype, accompanied with ahioKraphical memoir, hand- 
:omely written hy the rev. Samiir.l Cooper Thachei', 
uula striking portrait engraved by mr. Lcney from 
T superb painting executed by mr. Stuart. 

To this work the reader is referred for an accoinit 
of mr. Buckminstcr, who was a gentleman of the 
most amiable disposition, of uncommon celebrity as 
a classical and beileslettres scholar, and was one of 
the mnst engaging and eloquent pulpit orators in 


.jbT. Note. — The rev. John Ei.iot, D. D. <>i 
()Oston, one of the founders, and successor of doc. 
}'Selknap, as corresponding secretary, of the Mas- 
- ichusetts Historical Society, a beloved pastor of 
•is Hock, extensively known by his valuable liistor- and biographical labours, departed this life, in 
the joyous hope of an interest in redeeming love, on\ 
the 1-4 of February, 1813, in the 5!) year of his age. 
No one could have had the happiness and the 
honour of his friendship and acquaintance without 
loving and revering huii ; be was so mild, so amiu- 


ble, so benevolent, so learned, and so reac^y to com- 
inunicatc from his rich funrl of kno\vIetl,i;e. 

The author of this Collection will not atlpin|it t» 
draw his character. He merely introduces him a» 
one of the distinguished worthies of his day, ant' 
in order to state, that a memoir of this estimable 
man, attributed to the present learned Boylston pro- 
fessor of rhetorick and oratory at Harvard univer- 
sity, makes one of the most interesting articles, of 
the kind, to be found in the numerous volumes pub- 
lished by that society, of which doctor Eliot, was a 
most active and useful member. To this and the 
pennons occasioned by his death, and given t) the 
publick, the reader is referred for an account of 
tlie talents and virtues of the late excellent doctor 

568. iVo/e— The rev. Sa mvel West, D.T). of Bos- 
ton, was a native of Martha's Vineyard, and wa< 
born, 19 November, old style, 17:38. His father, the 
rev. Thomas West, was a colleague %vilh the rcv- 
Experience Mayhew, for a considerable length of 
time, but removed to Rochester, where he ended hii 
days, having sustained the character of a pious and 
ivorthy man. 

The subject of this article having received tht 
honours of Harvard college, in 1761, was, soon after, 
appointed chaplain at Fort Pownal, and had the 
happiness to reside in the late general Preble's 
f.t'ioily. On the "23 of April, 1764, he was ordained 


Jit JVeetliiaui. He coiUinued in tliat piace, diligent- 
ly ilevoted to his Master's cause, till 1783, when, 
iipon the pressing invitation of tlie church in Hoi- 
lii>-5treet, he was released from Lis first parochial 
charge and was installed at Boston, 12 March, 
1789. Here he clofcd his life witli a hope full of 
immortality, after long conllicting with a painful 
disorder, on the 10 of April, 1808. 

His consort, nirs. Priscilla AVest, Avho still sur- 
vives, was a daughter of Nathan Plimpton of Need- 
ham, by whom he had four children ; one daughter, 
who died at the age of six yearrs and three son?. 
Samuel West, esq. his oldest son, departed this life, 
30 January, 1310, in the S3 year of his age. 

The rev. John Lathrop, D.D. preached a sermon 
from 2 Tim. 1. 12, at the interment of doctor West, 
which was published with a biographical memoir 
written, at the request of a committee of tiie socie- 
ty in Holli?-sfrcet, by the late rev. Thomas Thacher 
ofDcdham. To these the reader is referred for an 
account of the life, character, and writings of this 
distinguished clergyman. 

The follow'ing rules, from the private papers of 
doctor West, vere, according to his memorandum, 
thrown together, as general waymarks in the jour- 
ney of life. They were advantageous to him, and, 
■while they exhibit an honourable testimony to his 
moral w orth, may be useful to oihers. 

1. " Never to ridicule sarrsJ things, or what 
(hers may esteem such, hov.evcr absurb they may 
Tipear to rae. 


2. !V(»ver to slinw levity where the. people are 
professrcliy engaa;pd in woishij). 

3. Never to resent a supixisecl injury, till I know 
the views and motives of the author o/ it. Nor ou 
uny occasion to retaliate. 

4. Never to judge a por?on's character Ijy ex- 
ternal appearances. 

5. Always to take the part of an absent person . 
who is censured in company, so far as truth and j)ro- 
priety will allow. 

6. Never to think the worse of another on ac- 
roiint of his differing from me in political or reli- 
gious opinions. 

7. Never to dispute, if I can fairly avoid it. 

8. Not to dispute with a man more than 70 year.": 
old ; nor with a woman ; nor with an enthusiast. 

9. Not to afleci to be witty or to jest, so as to 
wound the feelings of another. 

10. To sa)' as little as possible of myself, and 
those, who arc near to me. 

11. To aim at cheerfulness, without levity. 

12. Not to obtrude my ad\ ice unasked. 

\S. Never to court the favour of the rich, by flat- 
tering either their vanity or their vices. 

14. To respect virtue, though clothed in ragr. 

l."*. To speak with calmness and deliberation, on 
all occasions ; especially, in circumstances, wiiii !■ 
lend to irritate. 

16. [""rrqucntly fn ro'-iew niv rnivbict, and nc^U 
inv failinj'': 


16. On uli occdhions to have in piotpect Uic 
fiid oIlifL- and a future state. 

13. Not to (latter myself that I can act up to 
*hesc rules, however honestly 1 may aim at it." 


569. Sacred to the memory of the rev. 
.James Armstroxg Nt-al, A. M. late pas- 
tor of the cono;re£;atioaal cliurch ia Green- 
land, New Hampshire, who departed this 
life, 18 July, 1808, a^ed 34 years. 

Note. — Mr. Neal hail a good academick educa- 
tion and was, for some years, a distinguished pre- 
ceptor of a young ladies' school in Philadelpiiia. 
He was particularly patronized by the rev. doctor 
<*ireen, to whose church he belonged, and under 
whose directions he commenced his theological 
atndies. Although he had never belonged to any 
college; yet, such were his literary and scientifick 
attainments, the late doctor Nisbet, president of 
Dickinson college, conferred upon him the degree 
)f master of arts in the year, 1802. 

Mr. Neal, having becom.e a licentiate of the Pis- 
Catac[ua association, was oidained at Greenland, 
luccehsor to the rev. doctor Macclintock, !22 May, 
1805. He was a minister of popular talents and 
died much regretted, after suffering greatly from an 
organick disease of the heart. 

He married miss Christina Palmer, a lady from 
§4:otiand, by whom he had two sons, the oldest of 


whom dietl, 11 Novpnibcr, 180G, at the age oi tucy 

His successor in the ministry at Grcenlaml is tlir 
rev. Epiiraim Abbot. 


570. Here lyes the body ol" mis. Emz- 
ABETii Packer, wife to colonel Thomas 
Packer, aged 02 years, deceased, 4 August, 

Note. — The plate used at the communion taWe in 
Greenland, of considerable value, was presented to 
the church by nus. Packer. 


571. Here lyes buried the body of mrs. 
Eleanor Allen, late consort of the rev. 
mr. William Allen ; an early convert, emi- 
nent for holiness, prayerfulness, watchfulness, 
zeal, prudence, sincerity, meekness, patiencr. 
weanedness from the world, self denial, faith- 
fulness, and charity, who died, 16 January. 
1734-5, aged 52 years. 

Note. — The rev. lur. Allen, the first minister of 
Greenland was ordained, 15 July, 1T07, and died. 
1760, at the age of 84 years. 


572. iVo/c— Tiie fullowina statement is made by 


he author of this CollccLioft with the aid of his 
worthy friend, the rev. Jonathan French of North 

John Wingate, who settled on Dover neck, in 
New Hampshire, was the ancestor of many familiep 
in this country. He had three sons, John, Joshua, 
and Caleb. The last removed into one of the south- 
ern slates. Joshua, at first, fixed his abode in 
Harapton. He was a very respectable character 
At the celebrated siege and conquest of Louisbourg. 
in 1745, he commanded a company, and was after- 
wards, for several years, colonel of the Hamptoa 
regiment of militia. He finally settled in Nortk 
Hampton, where he and his wife died at more, 
than 90 years of age. They had many children. 
Their eldest son, the rev. Paine Wingate o{ Ames- 
bury, died at the a^c of 82 years, and was the father 
of the hon. Paine Wingate of Strathani and oi 
Joseph AVingate, esq. ofHallowell. Onedaughtei 
was the wife of doctor E<in>und Toppan, [see art. 
Sv)2] one of mr. Pickering, father of the hon. Timo- 
thy Pickering, one of rev. mr. Cliase of Newcastle, 
one of doctor Newman of Newburyport, one of mr. 
Stickney of the same place, one of doctor AVecks of 
Hampton, and one of the rev. Nathaniel Gooki« 
of North-Hampton, father ofthe present hon. Daniel 
Gookin. Most of these lived to a great age. The 
youngest son of colonel Jofhua Wingate was the 
late venerable John AV"ikgate, A. M. the princi- 
pal subject of this article. 
This worthy man was born at Haropt«B, 4 Janua- 
?E>^.i.— vox. III> 6 


ry^ 17-25. He was prepared for admission into 
Harvard college by liis brollicr, the rev. Pdine 
Wiiigate, and received liis buccalaureatc in 1744. 
[n course of the following year, he made a jiuljlick 
profession of religion, which he adorned l)y his ex- 
emplary christian deportment through a long pro* 
traded life. Sleekness, luuiiility, and benevolence 
shone with uncommon lustre in the constellation of 
his virtues. He was a very conscientious and de- 
vout man. Hn loved the institutions of the gospel 
' and esteemed them as most precious privileges. He 
deli;ihted in the society of the pious and particularly 
in that of the faithful ministers of .Tesus Christ, 
with many of whom he was well acquainted. 

Mr. Wingate never entered into the bonds of 
matrimony; yet he vas ei<teemod, like a father, by 
many, who experienced his kind and w atcliful care* 
Devoid of ambition for the honours of ihe world, it 
was his constant aim to live to the glory of ciod and 
llie benefit of his fellow creatures. He was never 
happier, than when doing good to the extent of his 
opportunities and means, and his days were lilled 
up with deeds of usefulness. He wept with those, 
who wept and rejoiced at the temporal and spiritual 
prosperity of all around him. He was remarkable 
for the simplicity and purity of his life and conver- 
sation. M no one may it Ije said, with more strik- 
ing propriety, that he was an Israelite indeed in 
■whom llteve iins no gidlc. At length, bowed down 
with age, esteemed and revered, \vherever known, 
he closed his pilgrimage, oa the 4 of September, 


1811', in his 88 year, to enter on the rewards of 
grace. i>iark the pcrftcl mau and bklwld the upright, 
/or (lie end of that man is peace. 

573, iN'o/e.— The rev. Emhi' Tii.vter, D. D. 
was born of religions parents in Braintree, .Massa- 
chusetts, 29 March, 1T4T. lie was edncated at 
New Jersey college, the honours of which he re- 
ceived in 1769.- His ordination at Kingston, in New- 
Haniii.«hire, took place, 18 Decembir, 1776. His 
predecessors, in the ministry of that town, were 
the rev. Ward Clarke, who was ordained, in 172.'i, 
the rev. Joseph Secombe, in 1737, and t!ie rev. 
Amos Ta[)pan, in 1752. From the time of tiie or- 
ganization of the New Hamp!.hire Missionary Socie- 
ty, in 1801, doctor Thayer was, annually, elected 
the president of that institution, till 1811, when 
his feeble state of health obliged hiai to decline a 
re-election. He finished liis ciiristian course, on the 
3 of April, 1812, at the age of C5 years. He was 
distinguished for his meekness and humility, piety 
and learning, and was an euiiuent minister of (he 
gospel of Jesus Christ. 

STi. Note. — This article is designed to perpetu- 
ate the remembrance of a distressing occurrence at 
Boon Island, which is a body of rocks of extremely 
dilficult access, except in a perfect calm, and which 


iie3 at the distance of a few miles in a soutbeaslerly 
direction from Cape Nedibck. 

The Nottingham Galley, a vessel of 120 
tons' biirilen with ten guns and fourteen men, sailed 
from London for Boston, 25 September, 1710; but, 
meeting with contrary winds and bad weather, was 
driven to the northward of Piscataqua harbour, 
and, at length, in a tremendous northeasterly gale 
accompanied with rain, hail, and fnow, was driven 
upon lluon Island, in the night of the It of Decem- 
ber. Tile vessel was immediately dashed to pieces; 
but, in almost a miraculous manner, all the crew 
5t)t safely upon the dreary island. Their suftcrings, 
in this situation, from the wet, cold, and hunger, 
were extreme. Some of them soon died. Two of 
them attempted, after a few days, to get ashore at 
York upon a raft and were lost. Having no means 
to make a signal, whidi could be seen, the surviv' 
ers were not discovered, so as to be taken oft', till 
the 3 of January, ITll. They were obliged to 
subsist upon rock weed, a few muscles, and a raw 
hide cut into little shreds. For a time, they fre- 
quently united in prayer to God and exhibited all 
that kindness of disposition, which becomes the 
christian character. At length, dying with their 
hardships, and especially for want of food, after 
much deliberation, it was thought to be their dulT' 
to satisfy the cravings of nature by eating the fleSh 
of one of their number, who had fallen a victim to 
disease and death. It being out of their y»0Tver tc 


get fire, tlipy were oblin;cd to swallow the loathsome 
morsel as it c;imc tVom the human carcass. 

Now the scene was totally changed. Perpetual 
quarrels ensued and nothing, scarcely, could be 
more dreadful, than the eflbcts of the alternative, 
to whicli these unliappy mariners had heeti driven. 
Their disposition resemhled that of the irifernuls. 
Their God was forgotten or his hply name was aw- 
fully blasphemed. 

When relieved, these men weiSl reduced to a mere 
skeleti>n and were unable to jftik- John Deaiic, 
theconiuiand'er of the NnttinghSi Galley, published 
a long and circumstantial nnrriKtive, which is seldom 
to be found, and from which the facts in this article 
have, been drawn. 


575. ReliqiiiK>; hie depomintur dom. 
Nicoi.Ai IIiJuhj'e, coll. Har. a. M. indolis 
promptise ac mentis pito jiivcais ; literatura 
omnimoda non parum prasditus ; ecclcsiis 
decessit moestis candidatus evan«;clicus ; con- 
tempovalibus, quibuscunque notiis, condo- 
lentibijs plauditur. Futiinis ctiam longe 
laudabitur apud Neoburienses, qui natii i\z- 
visi sunt, omnium votis non obstantibus, Feb. 
29, 1744, aetatis 24 denatu?. Beatitudine 
jam cailesti Deo optimo maximo donatus est 
S 2 



spjritus; corpus autem descensuro Christo 
immortale et gloriosum resuscitabitur, feli- 
cissimus indc totalis in a'tcrnuni. Sir vo- 
Uiit rcgnaus ca'lis terrisque Supiemus. 


57G. A rosurrection to immortality is 
here expected for what was mortal of the rev. 
mr. John Richardson, once fellow of 
Harvard college, afterwards teacher to the 
church of Newbury, putt off, 21 Ap. 1696, 
in the fiftieth year of his age. 
"Wlien prcacliers dy, the rules, the pulpit gave, 
To live \vell, are still preached I'rom the grave. 
The faith and life, which your dead pastor taught, 
In one grave now wilii him, syrs, bury not. 

Abl, viator, a mortuo disce vivere ut 
moriturus, e Ferris disce cogitare de ccelis. 


577. Here lyes the body of the rev. mr. 
Christopher Top^an, master of arts, 
fourth pastor of the first church in New- 
bury, a gentleman of good learning, conspi- 
cuous piety and virtue, shining both by his 
doctrine and life, skilled and greatly improv- 
ed in the practice of physick and surgery. 


whodeceased, 23 July, 1747, in the 76 year 
of his age and 51 year of his pastoral of- 

Here are also the remains of that pious 
and virtuous gentlewoman, mrs. Sarah 
ToppAN, former wife of the abovesaid rev. 
mr. Toppan, and daughter of mr. Edmund 
Angier of Cambridge. She died, 20 Feb- 
ruary, 1 738-9, in the 64 year of her age. 

Note. — The rev. John Snelling Popkin, the pre- 
sent pastor of the most ancient church in Newbury, 
in 1806, published one sermon, on leaving the old, 
and one on entering the new meeting house in the 
first parish of that town, accompanied with a co- 
pious appendix, which contains many historical, 
biographical, and genealogical facts. From this it 
appears, that mr. Toppan leii two sons and two 
daughters. The late most excellent Mollis profes- 
sor of theology at Harvard university, the reverend 
David Tappan, D. D. was a son of the reverend 
Benjamin Toppan of Manchester, who was a son of 
mr. Samuel Toppan of Newbury, a brother of the 
rev. Christopher Toppan. The late professor, for 
some reason, thought proper to exchange the o for- 
an a in writing his name, and his example is fol- 
lowed by the other descendants of his father. 


/'"Sc Beneath are the reraaics of the rev. 


John TrcKKR, D. D. pastor of the first 
church and conj^resation in this town, who 
diod, 22 March, 1792, setat. 73. Blessed 
"vvith stronsj mental powers, a liberal educa- 
tioji, and an unconimon mildness of temper ; 
all dir«'cted and improved by that faith, 
wlijch purifies the heart ; rendered him dear- 
ly beloved in every relation, in which he 
was placed ; and more especiallj made him 
conspicuously useful as a minister of the gos- 
pel. When mcetin;;; with peculiar difticul- 
ties, he eminently complied with that direc- 
tion of his master to the first preachers of his 
gfospel ; be wise as serpents and harmless 
as doves. As he lived a life of piety, he met 
death with serenity. By his doctrine and 
example, he taught the humilltj- and meek- 
ness, and, at his death, he exhiinted the dig- 
nity and triumph, of the real christian. 

To perpetuate the memory of so excel- 
lent a character, and as a testimony of their 
affectionate reo;ard, the bereaved flock have 
erected this sepulchral stone. 

5T9. N)lr. — This article consists of a concise 
account of a rcnmrkable naval exploit, performed* 


by several active, bold and courageous Ameiicajs 
seamen, belonging to Marblehead near the dose of 
the revolutionary war. 

In \oveinber, 1782, the ship, St. Helena, com- 
manded by .John Stillw.°ll, sailed with a fleet frain 
Havannah for Philadelphia. -She mounted twenty 
guns between decks, ten of which, however, were 
wooden, and had under convoy about fifteen Amer- 
ican vessels, which had jirevioiislj been subjected 
to an embargo. The day they were permitted to 
leave the port, the St. Helena, in attempting to get 
under way, unfortunately, met with a disaster oppo- 
ahe to the Moro Castle, which detained her till sun- 
set. The fleet was beating backwards and forwards 
during the night, which was very dark, waiting 
for the convoy. The St. Helena passed and repas- 
sed a number of the vessels- In the mean time f.ev- 
eral guns were heard, supposed to be from some of 
the fleet. At length, about midnight, she was sa- 
luted by a broadside- It was a thing altogether 
unexpected, the men were much fatigued, no one 
seemed to know his station, an*l great confusion 
•followed. However, some of their guns were soon 
got into operation and the firing continued till day- 
light, when the antagonist was found to be his Bri- 
lannick majesty's brig. Lively, commanded by Mi- 
chael Stanhope, esq. The St. Helena was also 
within reach of the guns of the .Tupiter, a ship of 
the line; of course, her colours were lowered, and 
Jlie men were taken on board of the Lively. 

In six days after ths capture, it was discovered 


that the crew ortlie Ft. HHona was preparing to 
rise. All the men were then CfinHiied below and 
were suffered to come up through a narmw grating 
only one at a time, the hatchway l)eing continually 
barred, and j^uaidcd by a centin<'l. In six days 
after the close confinement, five of the Americans, 
Anthony Carner, .John I'rince. Seth Farrow, Lewis 
Russell, and Nathan Walker concerted a plan for 
taking the brig. Accordingly, about noon, Wal- 
ker disarmed the centinel, took out the bar, which 
fastened the hatchway, and the other four instantly 
rushed upon deck, fought in a most desperate man- 
cer, and, in a few moments, took the vessel ! 

The number of Americans on board the Lively 
was forty six. They immediately bore away for 
Havannah, where they arrived in safety, and sold 
their prize for $ 22000. 

A want of documents precludes the po.ssibility cf 
giving a more circumstantial account of the boldest 
naval adventure, of the kind, which took place 
during the revolutionary war, excejit that recorded 
of captain Robert Wormsted, in the '»25 article of 
this Collection. They were both long the subject 
of wonder and applause, in the United States, and 
the enemy could not avoid expressing admiration 
at the surprising achievements of yankee seamen. 

5B0. Note. — The rev. Samuel DuNBAR,minister 
of tlat p.ut of Stoughton which is now Canton, 
was the son of uir. John jDunbar, a man of piety and 


joo(3 report, who emigrated from Scotland to Ameri- 
ca, about the coiumeiicemeni of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. His mother, whose original name was Marga- 
ret Hohues, was left a disconsolate v\ idow, when 
this son, her only child, was about four years old. 
For his education, he was chiefly indebted to the 
industry and exertions of his pious mother ai\d the 
patronage of the rev. doc. Cotton Mather. At the 
asje of seven years, he entered the ancient Latin 
school in Boston, under the care of the rev. Na- 
thaniel Williams, the worthy successor of the vene- 
rable Ezekiel Cheever. He was graduated at Har- 
vard College, in 1T2S, and immediately became 
usher of the school, where he had had his first rudi- 
ments of classical learning. 

Having become a licentiate, he was ordained, at 
Stoughton, 15 November, I'itl. His plain and 
pungent preaching, unadorned with the graces of 
composition, was enforced by a peculiar zeal and 
pathos. He had a most powerful and comuianding 
voice, and spake as one having authority. In pray- 
er he was pertinent, copious, and fervent. 

Mr. Dunl)ar had a critical knowledge of the 
Latin, Greek, and HeOrew languages. He was re- 
markably studious, and, during his long ministry, 
wrote more sermons, than almost any one has ever 
done since. He composed with ease and commuied 
his thoughts to paper in a short hand of his owa 
invention. For more than half a ce?itury, he was 
never absent from the sanctuary, through ill health. 
He was much esleeuied as au able and prudeat coua» 


jcilor. Blessed with a vigorous mind, lie uaS'Si 
strenuous advocate for the civil and religious liber- 
ties of his country. In 1755, he was chaplain to 
colonel Brown's regiment in the expedition agains'. 
Crown Point. For sixteen years, he generously 
relinquished a tenth part of his salary to aid in 
meeting the expenses of building a new house o{ 

During the revolutionary contest, his ?eal am* 
firmness in the cause of freedom and his unwavering 
ffeiitii in the protection and providence of God, eveu 
in the darkest and most distressing times, contri- 
buted not a little to support the hopes and sustain 
the sinking spirits of his people. Nor was he un- 
mindful of their pecuniary embarrassments. Biirint' 
tlie whole war he voluntarily gave his people one 
moiety of his annual stipends 

Mr. Dunbar lived Uj see the return of peace antl 
the complete establishment of the independence oi 
the United States. It is worthy of notice that his 
last ofllcial publick act wag a prayer, on the '2 of 
June, 1703, when the people of his charge were 
assembled at the temple to celebrate that great na^ 
tional event and to give thanks to almighty God, 
whose outstretched arm had humbled the pride of 
Britain and rescued his American Israel from an 
ungenerous oppression. 

His last sickness, excruciating in the extreme,. 
he endured with patience and resignation, like a 
good soldier of Jesus Christ. A little before his 
'^rparturc, fie affectionately replied to an inquiiinj;; 


friend, in the words of Polycarp, J have served K 
good Master, and he futs not forsaken me. He closed 
his well spent life, on the 15 of June, 178S, in the 79 
year of his age and 56 of his ministry. 

[The foregoing meiuoir was principally drawn 
from the appendix to a sermon, delivered at the or- 
dination of the rev. William Kichey, in Canton, by 
the rev. Elijah Dunbar of Peterborough, grandson 
•f the rev. Samuel Dunbar.] 


581. M. S. rev. Thom^e Tiiacher. Vir 
erat eruditus, praecellens robore mentis et 
verbomm pondere, verbi divini minister in- 
defessus et fidelis. Quam amicis retentus et 
seqiiis beneficus diim vixit plurimorum ani- 
mis diu gratissime insedebit. Obiit kal. 
Oct. 1812, anno tetat. 56, ministerii 33. 

Note. — This inscription was written by the rev- 
Thaddeus Mason Harris, D. D. of Dorchester. Mr- 
Tha« her was the only brother of the late rev. 
Peter Thacher, D. D. of Boston and son of Oxea- 
bridge Thacher, esq. 


532. Note.— The hon. John Loweil, LL. D. 
A. A. S. was one of the most eminent civilians, 
which America has produced. He was a son ©f tkc 

PBA'. I,— y©t III, T 


rev. John iioucll, for many years, the able an J ex- 
cellent pastor of a congregational church in Nevv- 
Iniryport. [See art. 4t4.] A memoir of this difi- 
tiiiguished character appears in Eliot's liiog. Die. 
The hon. Isaac Parker, in pronouncing his eulogy 
on the late chief justice Parsons [see art. ."jGO] payn 
a just, elegant, and highly respectful tribute to the 
memory of mr. Lmvell, who was the chief justice «f 
the federal circuit court for the District of Maine, 
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. 

The following is a copy of the obituary notice of 
judge Lowell, which was published in several ga- 
zettes, soon after his decease, and is considered as 
strictly just by all, who knew him. 

" Boston, 6 May, 180^2. Died at Roxbury, on 
thursday last, in the 59 year of his age, the hon. 
John Lowell, esq. chief justice of the circuit court 
of the United States for the first circuit. 

" Few men ever passed through a long life more 
generally beloved, or quitted it more sincerely la- 
mented. Of manners mild and conciliatory; of 
candour almost inimitable; of alfection sincere ; of 
morals irreproachable. With a fancy ardent and 
fertile ; with an tiiiderstanding acute and pene- 
trating ; with feelings animated, yet refined and 
correct; with a mind enriclieil by literature and 
improved by observation ; with an eloquence impe- 
tuous, yet fascinating and impressive. In the pro- 
fession and practice of our holy religion sincere 
and devout; in friendship warm and unalterable; 
in domestick life amiable and affectionate ; in publick 
eraplc-uent fdilhful, intelligent, and upright. Dh 



linguished by svich qualities, society sustains uti 
OTdinary loss in a magistrate so wise, a husband and 
parent so aft'ectionate, a frienJ so sincere, and a 
citizen so inestimable." 

Tke subject of this article, a graduate of 1760, 
is supposed to have been one of the writers in the 
Pietas ct Grat. Coll. Har. His eulogy mi the late 
governour Bowdoin, the tirst president of the Am. 
Acad. Arts and Sciences, published with tlie Me- 
moirs of that learned body, is a lasting inonumeui 
of his talents as a writer. 


583. James Lawrexce, esq. late commander of 
ihe United States' frigate, Chesapeake, was mortally 
wounded in her desperate,sanguinary, and disastrous 
engagement with his Britaiinick majesty's frigate. 
Shannon, on the first of June, 1813, a ft.w league? 
from Boston. 

He was a native of Burlington in the state of 
\ew-Jersey, and was born, on the fust of October, 
1781. His father, John Lawrence, esquire, was au 
eminent counsellor at law in that beautiful city. 
For two years he was devoted to the study of juris- 
prudence in the office of his brother, the late John 
Lawrence, esq, at Woodbury. This, however, not 
being congenial w ith his taste, he turned his atten* 
tion to navigation and naval tacticks. 

His first cruise wa« in the character of a midship- 
man on board the Ganges, with Thomas Tingey, 
esq. now pommodore in the United l^tates' navy, la. 


the Mediterranean senice he aftenvaHs spent 
about three years, and was Decatur's first lieuten- 
ant in the well known, unprecedented, and daring 
exploit of destroying the Philadelphia. 

On the ii4 of January 1813, captain Lawrence, 
in the Hornet, had an engagement with the IVacock, 
in which he disjilayed, in a most conspicuous man- 
ner, that skill, s^elf possession, and bravery, for 
which not a few of the American naval officers are 
remarkable. In fifteen minutes, the Peacock was a 
perfect wreck. The signal of distress was hoisted. 
Every exertion was made by the officers and crew 
of the Hornet to remove all, who survived, from 
the Peacock before she sunk ; yet thirteefi of her 
men with John Hart, Joseph Williams, and Hanni- 
bal Boyd, in their generous attemi t to save the 
lives of their conquered enem)^ went to the bottom. 
There was dreadful slaughter in the Peacock ; yet, 
as strange as it may seem, John Place was the only 
one killed in the Hornet. Several others, however, 
were wounded. 

In the action of the Chesapeake with the Shan- 
non, of the latter 25 officers and seamen were killed 
and 5tl were wounded ; of the former 4!! officers, 
seamen, and marines were killed, and 93 wt re woun- 
ded, of whom 14 died soon after. 

For the numerous particulars relative to this dis- 
tressing occurrence, the reader is referred to the ac- 
count, published by Belcher, of the funeral honours 
bestowed upon the remains of cajituin Liiwroiice and 
lieutenant Ludlow with the eulogy pronounced at 


lialem, on the occasion, by the hon. Joseph Story 
xiid tke various accompanying documents. 

DoxTGiVECP TUE SHIP was OQC of the dying 
commands of the heroicic Lawrence, and has ^ince 
been more frequently repeated and with threat enthu- 
siasm, than any oracle of Delphos ever was. 

Captain Lawrence and lieutenant T-udlow were 
carried to Halifax, wiierc their remains were buried 
with all the honours, which their rank demanded, 
and which a generous enemy could bestow. Short- 
ly after, the hon. Benjamin W. Crowuinshield, of 
Salem, obtained permission to go svith a flag and 
bring them to the U. States. On kis arrival, funeral 
solemnities were again performed in a deeply im- 
pressive manner, at Salem, as detailed in nir. Bel- 
cher's publication. The remains of these distin- 
guished officers were then conveyed to New-York, 
where a procession was formed, which, with the 
spectators of the solemn scene, is supposed to have 
amounted to fifty thousand. The burial service was 
once more performed and the dead were committed 
to their final tomb. 

Captain Lawrence had been honoured by the 
corporation of the city of Xew-York with the free- 
dom of the city accompanied with a golden box, 
which was decorated with appropriate devices. It 
is understood to be in contemplation to erect a 
a splendid monument to his memory, in a conspi- 
cuous situation, which, while adorned with inscrip- 
tions commemorative of his gallant doeH*. will lo 
in ornament to the city. 
T 2 


584. Note. — Aucrsxes C. Lc dlow, esq. second 
in comiiianil on board the United Stales' tVii:atc, 
Clit-sapeake, died at Halifax, 13 June, 1813, ot tlie 
wounds lie received in the action with tlie Shan- 
non, in the 21 year ol his age. He was a brave of- 
iicer and fell in defending his national flag. 

535. Note. — Edward J. B\llard, esq. lieu- 
tenant on board the Chesapeake on the memorable 
first of .Tune, 1813, another gallant officer of the 
American navy, fell v.ith many of his intrepid com- 
panions, iu the desperate action with the Shan- 

586. Nole. — Lieutenant .Tames M. Broome 
commanding the marines on board the Chesapeake, 
in time of her disastrous engagement with the Shan- 
non, fell a victim to his country's cause, and is re- 
prr sented to have been one of the bravest of the 
brave. He was a native of New'-.Tersy. It is stated 
that, of 44 marines under his command, 12 were kil- 
led' and 20 wounded ; dreadful bloodshed and cai> 

587. Note. — William Algustus White, csq.a 
nativeof Kutlaud in Massachusetts, was sailing mas- 


xer on board the Chesapeake, in her unfortunate 
conflict with the Shannon, and received his mortal 
wound in the first broadside from the enemy. He 
fell at the age of 26, and is represented to have 
been a gentleman of a noble and generous disposition, 
of genuine valour, and an ornament to his profession. 


588. Note. — Oct.wius AccusTrs Page, es- 
quire, son of the late governour Page of Virginia, 
one of the oldest lieutenants in the navy of the Uni- 
ted States and first lieutenant of the ( hesajieake,. 
died in Boston of a lung fever, in June, 1813, at 
the age of 28 years. 'I'his gentleman was much es- 
teemed as an officer of real heroism and distinguish- 
ed talents. Cajjtain Lawrence expressed deep re- 
gret at being obliged to leave the port of Bostoa 
without him. He seemed to forget his own sufler- 
ings when lamenting his own inability to re-enter 
the frigate, and expressed, in lively terms, his anx- 
iety for his gallant companions in arms. 

Several of the foregoing articles arc here introdu- 
ced merely to make a recurd of the names of some, 
who have fallen in their c mntry's cause, and who 
were esteemed for their distinguished talents and 
bravery. Ample justice will be done to their char- 
acters, in future publications designed exclusively 
to embalm the memory of American naval heroes. 


589. Here lies the ashes of the reverend- 


learned, aud i»iuus inr, Edward Tomi^son, 
pastor of the church of ftrarplificld, who sud- 
denly departed this life, 10 March, 1705, an- 
no ffitalis su;e 40. 

Hoic, in a tyruiU'.s hand, dotlicajaive lie 

A rare synopsis of ilivinjty. 

Old patriarchs, propliets, j;ospel bishops meet, 

lender deep silence, in their windinij sheet. 

All rest, a while, in hopes and lull intent, 

IVhen their king calls, to sit in parliament. 

Nute. — The subject of this article, a son, or grand- 
son of the rev. "William Tompson of Braintree in 
Massachusetts, of wliom some account is given in 
3Iather's Magnalia, was grailuated at Harvard col- 
lege, 1604. His sou, rev. William Tompson, was 
settled in the ministry at Scarborough, and his 
grandson, rev. John Tompson, son of the last men- 
tioned, is the present venerable pastor of the con- 
gregational church in Berwick, District of Maine. 
From the manuscript copy of the sermon, which 
■ir. Tompson of 31arshlield preached at his own or- 
dination and wliich is still preserved, it appears 
that he entered on his parochial charge, 14 October, 
1696 , so that his decease took place in the ninth 
year of his pastorate. 

4'JO. JVole. — The pilgrims of Leyden, who made 
the first settlement at Plymouth, arrived at Cape 
Cod harbour, onth^ll of Xovcrabcr. 16!20, where 


Peregrine WniTK was soon after born. He was 
the first, born of European parents in any of llic re- 
gions north of Virginia now making a part of the. 
U. States. He was a son of William White and finally 
settlei! in JMarshlield, where he died nearly 84year3 
«f age in 1704. His descendants are numerous imd 
many of them live in that part of Massachusetts, 
which constituted the Old Colony, 

59 1 . Note — .1 ER K M I V H M \ y he w, A . B. who 

was graduated at Brown's university in liiOii, a 
member of the Theological institution in Anduver, 
departed this life in the triumphs of the christian 
hiM.>e, at New Bedford, on the 4 of January, 1<}11, 
in his 23 year. For a full and interesting biogra- 
phical sketch of this pious young man the reader is 
referred to the Panoplist for February. 1812, from 
which one paragrajdi only is here subjoined. 

" This amiable youth was descended from the an- 
cient and respectable family of the MayhcMs on 
Martlia's Vineyard, so well known in the ecclesias- 
tical annals of our country as having afforded emi- 
nent ministers of the gospel, and particularly faith- 
ful missionaries among the aborigines in that and 
the adjacent islands. It is worthy of notice that 
missionaries of five successive generations have 
laboured in the evangelical work, and all been held 
in high esteem as men of distinguished talents and 
unaffected piety. To the sorrow of the churches ia 
the vicinity, and of the Indians oa iMartha's Vine- 


yard, the labours of this extraonlinary succes- 
sion of missionaries were closed, in 1803, by the 
*leath of nir. Zecliariali JMayliew, at the advanced 
age of eighty eight." 

m;w bedkord, maps. 

602, Note.— The rev. Sami'kl West, T). D. of 
]S'e«' Bedford, was as remarkable for the strength 
of his mental [)o\vrrs, as was doctor Samuel John- 
son, the great lexicograiiijcr and moralist. He 
is suppo!;cd to have much resembled him in persiiiial 
apjjearance, and, with the same literary advanta- 
ges, would, un<|Ufslionably, have eciualled him for 
reputation in the learned world. He was a son of 
Sackfield West, a man of a strong mind, who used 
frequently to give the Indians an exhortation in 
thoi" meeting hou.'^c near his huml)le cot. 

Doctor West was born in the southeasterly part 
of Yarmouih in the county of Barnstable, not far from 
Swan Pond. He was one of the greatest Bible tcx- 
tuaries this country has ever produced. In Latin, 
Greek, and HeWrev/, he was a thorough critick. 
He was particularly noted for his metaphysical and 
controversial talents. His manner was very un- 
couth, and many anecdotes are related of him, 
which show that his mind was often so engrossed, 
wiiile pondering upon some favourite subject, as 
lo render him inconscious of the lapse of time and of 
almost every thing around him. For further noti- 
ces of this divine, of uncommon powers, the reader 
is referred to tke Anthology, Eliot'g Biog. Die!, 


accl Allen's Biog. His. Diet. He died 24 Sepletn- 
lier, 180T in the T3 year of his ago. 


593. In menioiy of capt. Wilmam Lor- 
iNG of Norwich, Coimccticut. HeT\-asborn in 
Doston, 5 Januaiy, 1750, ami died at. <,x?.. 
2 February, 1788, 
Loriflg, in all the prime of life, 

Hath quit this brittle day, 
A.nd calmly steered his single bark 
To yonder world of day. 


594. Hon. Ebenezer Bacon bcrn, {i 
Aup. 1750, died, 23 Nov. 1811. To his 
■worth, talents, and integrity, the undeviatins; 
confidence of his fellow citizens bore ample 
testimony. He fc;iistained the honours and 
discharged the duties of various important 
offices with credit to himself ana satisfac- 
tion to the publick. In publick life he was 
faithful, in private he was amiable . As an 
alFectionate busband, a tender pai'ent, a, 
firm friend, a kind neighbour, a decided pa- 
triot, a good man, and a sincere christian, his 
memory will long be cherished in the breast 
of a mourning family and of bereaved friend?. 



595. Here lies the body of mr. John 
Savage, student at law, son of Samiul and 
Hope Savage. He departed this life, 5 Oc- 
tober, 1811, aetatis 22. 
Insatiate archer I could not one suffice? 
Thy •■haft (lew thrice, and thrice my peace was slain ! 

Note. — Mr. Savage was tjradiiated at Harvard 
university in 1310. The two lines, on his tomb- 
stone from Young's Night Thoughts, are peculiarly 
apposite ; for doctor Savage and his lady had becE 
previously called to bury, at Kingston in Jamaica, 
two beloved sons, in succession, at about the age of 
twenty one; mr. Samuel Savage and mr. Elisha 
Doane Savage ; so just is th» scriptural remark, all 
fl.esh is grass, and all the goodlhtess thereof Ui ajlow- 
er of the field! 


596. Sacred to the memory of the hon. 
Daniel Davis, esq. who died, 22 April, 
A. D. 1799 in the 8G year of his age. Rea- 
der, be encouiaged by his example to the 
practice of industry, temperance, piety, and 
patriotism, and your reward, like his, shall 
be long life, the esteem of the wise and good, 
in this world, and the joyful hope of a hap- 
P> immortality beyond the grave. 



ere lies buriod the bod 
Abner HrusEY of Barnstable, -who depart- 
ed, 9 Januaiy, IT"?, in the 66 year of his 

Xi)le. — Doctor Ilcrscy, brotlicr of iloctor Ey.ckio} 
jlr^i-rcy of Illnghara, who made a valuable bequest 
to Harvard college, left no children. His widow, 
nirs. Hannah Hersey, died at the age of 74 
j-rars, on the 10 of June, 1T90. He Avas sorae- 
M'hat ccccntrlck in his character, very precise in 
all his dealings, a great enemy to the follies of the 
world, an admirer of simplicity in dress and man- 
ner?, and a person of unquestionable piety. 

In his last will he gave to Harvard university, 
tov.'ards the establishment of a professorship of 
pbysick and surgery, the sum of Z500, equal to 
^{66G, 66. The remainder of his estate, which was 
ample for tlis region, in which he spent his days, 
lie gave to thirteen of the congregational parishes 
in the county of Barnstable, in diflerent propor- 
-;ons, according to the share of professional busi- 
■'oss he had performed in each, the net proceeds of 
vhicli, after the demipe of his widow, were to be 
laid out annually, for one hundred years, in the 
liurchase of Doddridge's Rise and Progress of Reli- 
■^inn and otlier works, Evans's Sermons, and Grove 
•in the Lord 's Supper. After the completion of 
one hum! red years, those, who shall then be the 
-.liiiisters of the thirteen parishes, are to be at lib- 

^.-,-, T— TOT. TIT. * V 


zrly to select any other books, calcnlatcJ to pro, 
luote picly and religion, except one year in every 
lour, when the oilier prescribed books are still to 
be purchased. Tiie deacons of the thirteen parishes 
have the sole care of the estate, the particular 
mode of managing which is specified ivith great 
minuteness in the doctor's will. They pay over 
the net income to the ministers of those parishes, 
ivho vest tiie same in books agreeably to the testa- 
tor's directions, and distribute them, gratuitously, 
among the members of their respective churches. In 
this way many families are furnished, from year to 
year, with books, which are highly esteemed by the 
serious and whicli will continue, to be instrumental of 
good to the end of time., mass. 
.593. Rev. Oakes Shaw born at Bridgf- 
-vvater, 1 736, graduated at Ilan-ard college, 
1758, ordained in tills place, 1700, died 11 
Fcbruaiy, 1807. Benevolence, afTection, and 
sincerity characterized and endeared him in 
all the relations of social life. With unaf- 
fected piety and zeal, with unshaken con- 
stancy and fidelity, he discharged the various 
duties of tlic pastoral office. To perpetuate 
<he rcmembraDce of his virtues and talents, 
to prolong the influence of liis character, and 
if> testify their respect for his memory^ this 

monuraent is gratefully erected by a bereav- 
ed and aiiectionate people. 

Nok. — Mr. Sliaw was the oldest son of the rev. 
John (?ha\v of Biiugewatci-. [See an. S92.J By his 
first wife, who was Elizabeth Weld, a daughter of 
the rev. Habijuh Weld of Attleboroiigh, lie had 
<hiee daughters; 1. Elizabeth, who died, 8 Sept. 
1798, at the age of thirty three yeai-s ; 2. Temper- 
ance the wife of uiajor Joseph Blish of Bariistablc ; 
S. Sarah, who died, at the age of twenty three 
yeai-s, on the IT of July, 17S'2. By his second 

wife, who was Hay ward ofBraintree, sisterof 

«!octnr Ilayward of Boston, he had two sons, John 
Shaw, who is engaged in a seafaring life, and Le:n- 
aei Shaw, e'jq. of Boston. 

For a character of lur. Shaw, whu was one of the 
most pious, zealous, and faithful ministers of Lis 
iay, the reader is referred to his funeral sermon 
preached by rev. Jonathan Burr of Srindwich, from 
which the following extracts are taken. 

*' lu my first visit to him, after he was confined to 
his chamber, which to me was one of the most pleas- 
ant and edifying I ever made him, I thought I dis- 
covered more of the amiable meekness, humble dig- 
nity, and perfect resignation of the christian, than 
I had ever before observed in him. It appeared to 
me, that if any state, on this side heaven, can be 
truly enviable, it is that of an humble christian 
gently taking his departure out of time into eterni- 
ty, who, as he outwardly decays and grows weaker 
and weaker, is inwardly rcBewed ami grows stror- 


l^er and stronger ; to whom, as worldly prospeclt. 
darkens, llic prospect of a brii;htcr wor'.J beyond 
the grave grows clearer. This was remarkably the 
case with tliat precious man. This interview, the 
impression of which, I trust, will never be erased 
from iny mind, forcibly brouj^ht to ray recollection 
thiise lines in dr. Young ; 

The chamber, where the good man meets his falc, 
Is privileij'd beyond the common walk 
Of virtuous life, ijuite on the vcrj^c of heav'n. 
"When I a>-ke(l how he did. he replied, wiUi oiu: 
of the most complacent smiles I ever observed on 
his countenance, I am a poor crcalurc sinking under, 
ike dcca})s of nature ; bat I am not wilhout comforts. 
I have many thin<fs to be Ihankfitl for yd. I am now 
depending on that foundiiliun, tchich I have alua:,'!! 
been endeavouring to establish in my preaching, the 
mercy of God in Christ, and n<hidi I believe to be the on- 
ly foundation, on uhich any one can stand with safely. 
I do not profess to liait attained to full assurance ; 
but I have such a hope, as raises me above all distrc^' 
.ling fears of death. I am habitually looking for the 
mercj of our Lord Jesus Christ, nnlo ttirnal life. //' 
ihcre is any thing more for mc to do, I am willing lo 
slay aiid du it in my pour tray ; but if not, iflkno.o 
my own heart, I am entirely resigned logo. 

" lie discovered much alfectionate concern respecl- 
inj^ the people of his charge, and the rc-settlemefit 
of a gospel minii-ter among them, lie was, however, 
ill iic.ieral, remarkably cheerful, and at times, even 
facetious, but without the least appearance of levi- 
ty. Before niorninj prayers, he desired lae to 


read the £7 and the 147 psalms, a [jail o(" the lat- 
ter ol" tthicli Le considered as predicting the fu- 
ture prosperity of the church, in the contemplation 
of which, lie observed, he had derived great conso- 
lation, during his declining state- 

" A little before I took my leave, among sever- 
al other tjuestiou!!, which I proposed as thinking it 
very do-jbtful whether I should ever see him 
again, in this world, I asked him, supposing we 
uore to confine our pi'eaching, principally, to one 
point, what that poi:it should be? He immediately 
replied ; to hnptiiitcni sinners, we must preach their 
tolalli/ lost and lui.iid condition by nature, and the 
viler inipossibilit:/ of their ever being saved, except, 
iy the free grace of God in Christ. Thus did your 
faithful and atiectionate pastor, who watched for 
your souls as one, that must give account, bear 
testimony to the truth and importance of those doc- 
trines, which he preached tlirou;rh life and were 
kis comfort and support in death." 


599. Note. — The rev. Gideon Hawley, the 

lato pious, venerable, and excellent missionary of 

the Massapce Indians in the county of Marnstablc, 

ilepaited this life, S October, 180T, in the 80 year 

^«f his age. Fired with a noble zeal in the christian 

eaase, be was determined, from an early period, to 

tronsecrate his talents and his life to the best interests 

sf the poor jiatives of the American wilderness. Re, 

tcrordir.jly, waS ordained, in Boston for th« ex- 



press purpose of carrying the gospel to llie heathen. 
Haviii;i -^pent s.)me time at Ohonoijiiaui^e, the 
French war coiiimcnced and obligod him to leave 
that region. For a while, he olficiated as chaplain 
to colonel Gridley's regiment. He also sjient some 
time with the .Stockbridge Indians, and was finally 
settled at ^^Iassapee, in ITSS, where he spent his 
days, in U!.et'ulness, beloved and revered. Kis la- 
bours were not wholly confined to his parochial 
charge. The aboriginal natives of Yarmouth, Pote- 
numniatiuut, and Sandwich, occasionally, had the 
benefit of his ministerial attentions. 

Some time before his death, he gave the author ol 
this Collection an interesting narrative of liis mis- 
sion into the Susquehannah country, with the in- 
junction that it should not be published till after his 
decease. In this, he often mentions the late presi- 
dent Kdwards, who, while a lad, was with him iii 
one of his tours. 

Mr. Hawley buried a worthy son, the rev. James 
Hawley a few years before his death, who had been 
the pastor of the congregational society in Pen- 
broke, and, previously, one of the tutors of Har- 
vard university. 

This venerable missionary was happy in his paro- 
chial charge, in his domestick circle, and in an ac- 
quaintance with many literary and religious charac- 
ters, and had a more extensive epistolary corres- 
pondence, than the generality oi" his brethren. 

Some of his writings are preserved in the ColJ. 
Mass. Hid. Soc. A more full mdiaoir of this esti- 


ludlj/e miiuster of the gos;)el may be seen in Allen's 
Biog. Hist. Diet. 


600. Sacred to the memory of the rev. 
Joseph GREEX,jun. pastor of the fust church 
i;i Yarmouth, wlio departed this life, 5 No- 
vember, 1 768, in the 42 year of his age and 
i:i tlie scventli year of Ijis ministiy in this 

Note. — The subject of this notice was son of the 
venerable mr. Green, whose epitaph makes the 61 
article of tliis work, and father of the hun. Isaiah 
Lewis Green of Barnstable. Previous to his installa- 
tion at Yarmouth he had been in the ministry at 

According to traditicjn, mr. Matthews, a school- 
master, exercised the ministerial function in Yar- 
mouth, after its settlement; but finally removed to 
Cape May and their spent the remainder of his life. 

The rev. Juhn 3Iillar, one of the seventy-seven, 
mentioned in Mather's Magnalia, ^vbo had been in 
tiie ministry previous to their embarcation for 
America, was, foi' a number of years, the pastor of 
the church and congregation at Yarmouth. He 
died in the ministry at Groton, agreeably to a mcmo- 
ianduin in tlie Roxbury church records, 14 June, 

Rev. Thomas Thornton, who fled from the per- 
se cutloa 'la En2laadj sub3e'4uent to tha act of uui- 


{'arinity, wliich ti>ok place in 1662, may be conrij- 
ered us tlie third minister of this place. Al^uutthc 
year, WH, he removed to Boston, where he spent 
the residue of liis life. 

Rev. .Tohn Cotton, son of the rev. John Cotton 
of Plymouth, and grandson of the rev, .John Cot- 
ton of Boston, settled lur. Thfirnton's successor in 
1693; resigned his office, on account of weakness 
of body and mind, 26 April, 170j; and died, 11 
February, 1706, at the age of 45 years, according 
to a record in the manuscript biographical sketcies 
of sundry branches of the family in possession of 
Rossiter Cotton, esq. at Plymouth. Mr. Cotton 
had one or two sons, who died in infancy and se- 
ven daughters, the most of whom lived to have fami- 

The rev. Daniel Greenleaf, was settled at Yar- 
mouth in 1708, and contifiued (here till abciit 1727. 
His situation was rendered UiipieHsant, through the 
influence of a parishioner, who had b<'come disdfect- 
od towards him. At length, he was honoiiniMy re- 
leased. For a year or two before his dismission, his 
wile with thirteen children removed to Boston, and 
opened an apothecary's shop, e'he frerjuei.tly pre- 
scrilted for the sick, having, in early life, had op- 
portunity, at Cambridge, t<i gain considerable knowl- 
edge of medicines and of the healing art. Twelve 
of her children lived to maturity ef years. She car- 
ried ihem all safely through the small pox, at the 
time of the secnd great inoculation, as it was cal- 
'ed. Mr. Greenleaf preached cccasionallv, but not 


bUcn, after his vc.tioviil to Boston. He belonged to 
doctor Col mail's church, and used to take his j)lace 
in the elders' scat. He was; a venerable looking old 
inan, accordin:^ to hib portrait, wliicii is still pre- 
served and was taken by Blackbnrn. For two 
jears, before his death, he was bedridden, in consc- 
■;ucncc of a fall, and suffered extremely, but was a 
/^Utern of patience. An old friend called to see 
ijini iu the time, and remarked to mr. Greenleaf that 
God had laid his hand heavily upon him ; he repli- 
ed, true, but his ahnightj arm is underntalh me. In 
tbat happy submifsive state of mind he continued to 
the last, breathing out his soul in love lo God and 
rcan, and died at the age of 82 years. The late 
high sheriff of Suffolk county was one of his descend- 

The rev. Thomas Smith, a native of Barnstable, 
was ordained at Yarmouth, in 1729, and continued 
till the year, 1754, when he left his people for want 
of a comfortable support, and was installed in Pem- 

The rev. Griudall Rawson, who had been ordain- 
ed at Ware, was installed at Yarmouth, in 17j5, 
and was released from his labours in that place in 
17u0. He had a strong mind but was a very eccea- 
tri'jk character. 

■J'he rev. Timothy Alden, the ninth and present 
minister of Yarmouth, was ordained, on the 13 of 
Dcceaiber, 1760, and, although entered on his 78 
year, is still able to discharge the duties of the 
'ii::toral otE^ce . 


tiOl. Nulc. — Elisha Nauhaugut, an exeiu- 
jilary deacon in the little cluster of wigwams, wliith 
%vere standing as late as 1T70, at Indian-town in 
Yarmouth, deserves an honourable notice among the 
worthy aborigines of this country. Several anec- 
dotes are still related of him, which show that he 
was a conscientious, honest, and pious man. 

He once found a pocketbook containing a ([uanti- 
ty of money. Such were his ideas, howevci, that 
lie would not open it, nor would he suffer any one 
else to open it, till he got to a publick house. Tfl 
were to, he said, all Ike trees in the wuods tvould see 
me and witness agninst me. 

The village before mentioned contained many 
praying Indians, as well as souic of a difi'erent char- 
acter. Deacon Rider, an old gentleman, had lost 
some turkies, on a certain time, and, nr>t being 
well acquainted with the character of his aborigin- 
al neighbours, fixed his suspicions upon t'lem. He 
rode into the village very early in the morning, fas- 
tened his horse in the woods, and walked in silence 
to the di)oi' of one of the wigwams, where he stopped 
for a moment and fuund that the linlian was at 
prayer. He then, without disturbing the pious oc- 
cupant in liis devotions, passed on to another wig- 
wam. The liead of the family was solcniniy enga- 
ged in the same manner. He felt ashamed of him- 
self; yet he thought he would go to one wigwam 
wore. He did si», and it happened to be Nau- 
haught's. To his astoni'sbment, he found him also 


«iToriiig up tliciaoi-iiing sacrifice in the midst of his 
little family. What a ilelightfiil scene I uhile the 
proves rcsouiulcil with the melodious notes of the 
feathered choir, the whole village seemed to echo 
with the prayers and prnises, which rose from eve- 
ry quarter. Deacon Rider was extremely mortified, 
and vexed with himself, to think that he sliouh! 
have suspected the poor Indians of theft, w hen he 
found them, before sunrise, pouring forth their peti- 
tions to almighty God, in such a commmendablc 
manner, while many of his whiter brethren were 
sleeping, like the sluggard, and never called upon 
that sacred name unless to profane and blaspheme it. 
Deacon Nauhaught, in the near prospect of disao- 
iution, was visited by the clergyman, in the town, 
who had much satisfaction in the meek, humble, 
md pious temper, which he witnessed. Among 
other questions, he asked iS'auhaught if he felt re- 
signed to the will of God and could say he was wil- 
ling to die? He immediately replied, in an Indian 
style, oh yes, mr. Alden, I have always had a pret~ 
fy guod notion about death ; meaning, that he had 
long so cast himself upon the blessed Redeemer anil 
had such hope in his mercy, that he was not afraid 
of the king of terrors. He soon after left the world, 
bcltvcen 80 and 90 years of age, and no doubt en- 
tered u[)on that rest, which is provided for the peo- 
ple of God. 

The following remarkable anecdote the author of 
this C(diection had from some aged people, and, 
particularly, from the late venerable deacon l8a!w; 


JVfalthows, of Yarmouth, uho was well acqualntfd 
with -Vaiihaiii^ht. 

This iiiiiian, whawas a verj' athletick man, wa« 
once attacked, in the spring of the year, by a larjje 
number of black snakes. Keing at a considerable 
distance from any people and having no weapon 
about him, except what the God of nature had ^iv- 
cn him, he knew not what to do. lie found it im- 
possible to escape from them by attempting to run- 
lie experienced, however, very little from any fear- 
ful apjireliGnsions on account of his personal safet}'. 
He was perfectly self collected and thought he 
would stand firm on his feet and sutler the snakes 
to take their own course, for a time, without an- 
noyance They approached him from every direc- 
tion with elevated heads and a tremendous hissing. 
They soon began to wind themselves about his legs. 
Presently one of them got up to his neck and seem- 
ed to act as if he were attempting to get his head 
into Natihaught's mouth. IS'auhaught opened liis 
jaws, wiiich were furnished with a noble set of 
teeth. The snake immediately thrnst in his head 
and the deacon bit it off! a fortunate circumstance, 
as the result proves; for the blood, streaming from 
the decapitated leader in the attack, so alarmed tlip 
rest of the invading enemy, that Nauhanght wcs ini- 
mcdiatcly left master of the field ! 

602. Note. — The rev. JOHN kobinson, a native 
of Great Britain, educated at Cambridge, was n »li?- 


tiuguished miiiiotei- of the gospcJ. He was a col- 
league pastor of the rev. mr. Clifton, of a society ol 
• lissenters in tlie north of Enghiiul. Persecution 
(hove him with his congregation into Holland, in 
!60S. At first they went to Amsfealani; but, from 
certain considerations, removed in the followinc 
year, to Leyden, where they enjoyed the rigiit.s ol 
conscience unmolested, happy in discharging thc- 
duties of the christian life, and endearing themselves 
to their neighbours by their peaceable, pious, aud 
amiable deportment. Having been sojonrner?; 
among the friendly Dutch people, for nearly twelve 
years, a part of mr. Robinson's congregation came 
to America, aud formed the iirst permanent settle- 
ment in New-England. Mr. Robinson and the resi- 
<lue of his Hock were to have followed soon after; 
many of whom, in due time, joined their associates 
in the wilds of this western world, but their most 
excellent paftor departed this life, at Leyden, ia 
1625, having entered on his 50 year. His wido\T 
came to Plymouth, after his decease, with her son, 
Isaac, who was a worthy man, and died at a jrreat 
age, and whose descendants are still in New Eng- 

It is inexpedient to give, in this work, the biog- 
rnpliy of mr. Robinson. His character has often ap- 
j)earud, and he is well known to have been, not only 
a learned and pre-eminently pious man, but one of the 
principal loaders of those sincere, exemplary, and 
zealous christians, who Avere once, contemptuously 

fe:.-. I. — VOL. III. \Y 


oalied Puritaits liy some, a? illibrral in spntiment, a* 
tliey woiT tyrannical in lording it civcr (iod's heri- 
tage and ignorant of that noble freedom, wliich 
pertains to the followers of the Ijainb. Though 
the name ivas given in deri-ion to some, « ho for...ed 
one of the purest churches, which have appeared up- 
on earth, since the primitive times of Christianity ; 
yet it is considered as no reproach by thf>se of their 
descendants, whose desire it is to equal that stand- 
ard of simplicity, liberality, orthodoxy, piety, and 
fervour in the Redeemer's cause, for which they were 
distinguisiied, and for which they suffered cruelticB 
worse, than a martyrdom at the stake. 

The parting of the first adventurers to the old 
Colony, from their brethren and Dutch friends on 
the shores of Holland, according to the ancient his- 
tories of the scene, was solemn, affecting, and im- 
pressive, beyoiul what cati easily be described. No 
one could have witnessed it without feeling ready to 
exclaim, behold llicse christian!!, how they luie inu an- 
other ! 

G03. JVolr. — The first settlers of New-England, 
commonly called the Pu-CiUiMsoF Lkydkn, went 
into Cajie Cod harbour, on the 11 of November, 
1620. They devoutly gave thanks to God upon 
their knees for their safe arrival and. on the same 
day, entered into a civil compact, binding them- 
selves together in a body politick, in the following 
terms. " In the name of Gi>d, anien. We, whose 
nanifs nre iimlorwritlen, llic loval subterts of put 


dread sovereign lord, king Janic?, by the graee ol" 
God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, kingi 
defender of tiie faith, etc. having undertaken, for 
the glory of God and advancement of the christian 
faith, and honour of our king and country, a voyage 
to plant the first colony in the northern parts of 
Virginia ; do, by these presents, solemnly and mu- 
tually in the presence of God and of one another, 
convenant and combine ourselves together into a 
civil body politick, for our better ordering and pre- 
servation, and furtherance of the ends afore-iaiil ; 
and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame 
such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitu- 
tions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be 
thought most meet and covenient for the general 
good of the colony. In witness whereof, we have 
^lereimto subscribed our names, at Cape Cod, the 
11 of Xovember, in the year of the reign of our 
sovereign lord, king .Tames of England, France, 
and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland, the 
fifty-fourth, anno Domini 16':J0. 

To this instrument, the following names were 
subscribed in this order ; John Carver, William 
Bradford, Edward Winslow, AVilliam Brewster, 
Isaac Allerton, MylesStandish, .Tohn Alden, Sasnuel 
Fuller. ( hristopher Martin, AVilliam iMullins, Wil- 
liam White, Richai-d Warren, lohn Howland, 
Stephen Hopkins, Edward Tilly, John Tilly, Fran- 
cis Cook, Thomas Rogers, Thomas Tinker, .John 
Eidgdale, Fdward Fuller, John Turner, F>ancis 
Saton, James Chilton, Jokn trackstoa, John Bi!«- 


.iiigton, Moses Fletcher, John Goothnan, Degory 
Priest, Thomas 'Williains, Gilbert Winblow, Ed- 
mund .Maryeson, Peter Brown, Richard i3ritterige, 
George Soule, Ricliard Clarke, Richard Gardiner, 
.f»)lin Allerton, Thomas Ens^lish, Edward Dotey, 
Edward Leister, making forty-one. Some of these 
had tlieir faniilicF vvitli ihcin, so that the whole num- 
ber of the first advciiturers to Plymoulii was one 
hundred and one, wlio, for the love of religion pure 
and undeliled, left the endearments of their native 
land, and encountered the dangers of the Atlan- 
tick, under various disheartening circumstances, in 
search of soaie uncultivated region in iN'orth Vir- 
giiiia, where Ihey might enjoy, unmolested, the 
rights of couFcience and the blessings of christain 
liberty, and transmit them, as the richest legacy 
they could leave, to their posterity. 

The six and only governours of the Old Colony 
were John Carver, William Jiradford, Edward 
Wiiisiow, Thomas Prince, Josiah Wmslow, and 
Thomi^s Kinkley. 'i he assistants, so far as the 
writer has ascertained, were Isaac Allerton, Wil- 
liam Bradford, Myies Stand ish, John liowland, 
John Alden, John Dove, Stephen Hopkins, AVilliam 
Ciil;on, Edward Winslow, William i oilier, Thom- 
as Prince, Timothy Hatherly, John iJrown, Joliu 
Jenny, John Atwood, John Rrown, F.dimnul Prep- 
man, William Thomas, 'Ihoinaa Willei, 'I'homas 
Southworth, James tiuhvorth, Joyiah Winslow, 
Thomas hinkley, William Bradford, Constant 
Southworth, James IJrown, John Freeman, Nathan- 


iel Bacon, David Aiden, Daniel Smith, Barnabas 
Lolliiop, John i liacber, John Walley, and John 

The last election of govtinour and assistants, in 
the Old Colony, was on the 2 of June, 1691. The 
new charter, which united the Old Colony to jMas- 
sachuselts, arrived, ia May, 1692, a little more, 
than 71 years after the first permanent settlement 
in New-England. 


604. Note. — Mr. Wii.i-rAM .Mclliks was one 
of the pilgrims of Leyden. who commenced the 
settlement of the ancient dominion of the Old Colo- 
ny, in December, 16.0. He brouglit his wife and 
family with him. consisting of five with himself; 
but was soon called, with about half of his fellow ad- 
venturers, to exchange this world for that, which is 
unseen and eternal. He departed this life for a bet- 
ter, on the 21 of February, 1621. Every testimony 
to the worth of those noble christian heroes, who 
encountered hardships, of which the j resent genera- 
tion can scarcely form an adequate conception} 
ought to be had in remembrance. 

Morton says, " that mr. William Mullins was a 
man pious and well deserving, endowed also with a 
considerable outward estate, and, had it lieen the 
Tviil of God that he had sur\'ived, might have pro- 
ved an useful fiJember in his place." 




005. Nvte. — From the chiircli records at Ply- 
liiuutli, it ajjppars, liiat Nathwiki. MonroN, esq. 
for many yoars secretary to the Oltl Colony, died 
:28-.'29 June, 1685, Iiaviii^ entered upon his 7.7 year. 
His Sew England's Memorial contains many pre- 
oinu.s documents relative to the first settlers of tiic 
Old Colony. It was recommended to the publick, 
on its first appearance, in 1G69, by two distinguish- 
ed clergymen, un-. Higginson of Salem, and mr. 
Thacherof ArVpymoiith. They say of the author, 
that iic "is an approved godly man, and that the 
worlc is compiled with modesty of spirit, containing 
the annals of New England for the space of forty- 
seven years, with special reference to Plymouth 
Colony, where the author made his constant abode. 

It is gratifying to the antiquaries of New Eng- 
land, that, uiidpr the editorial superintendance of 
the hon. John Davis, Morton's iMemorial is about 
to be re-published, with great additions from the old 
records of Plymouth church, in which many noti- 
ces, respectful to the memory of the pious puritan- 
ick fathers of New England, will be brought more 
generally into view. 

COG. Here lies the body of the honoura- 
ble William Bradford, who expired the 
20 of F^iuaiy, 1703-4, aged 79 years. 
He liviftl Jong, but still was doing good. 
And, in his country's service, lost much blood, 


After a life well spent, he's now at rest, 

His very name and memory is blest. 

Nott. — The iiou. William Bradford, deputy goV" 
ernoiir in the Old Colony, was the oldest son of 
William Bradford, one of the pils^rims of Leyden, 
who came to Plymouth, in 1620, who was govcrnour 
of the Old Colony thirty years, and who died, in 
1657, being Tl years of age. He had one brother, 
Joseph Bradford, who, having entered his 8 J year, 
died, in 1715, and left a son by the name of Elisha. 

The subject of this article, served as an officer in 
the wars of his country with the aborigines. In 
a certain engagement he received a musket ball, 
which he carried in his flesh for twenty years before 
his death. By his lirst wife he had four sons ; Is- 
rael, Ephraim, Samuel, John; by his second, one 
son, Joseph, who settled in Connecticut; by his 
third, four sons; William, Thomas, David, Hezc- 
kiah. He also had three daughters. His son Samuel 
had three sons ; 1. Perez, who was graduated at 
Harvard college, 1713, and was a member of the 
council ; 2. Gershoni, who lived in Kingston ; 3. 
Gamaliel, who was a judge and counsellor, and died 
at the age of 73 years. One of the sons of judge 
Bradford, bearing the same name, was the father of 
the preient secretary of state in Massachusetts. 

With the aid of these data, the families, descend- 
ed from governour Bradford, which are become nu- 
merous, and are in various parts of the United 
States, may be enabled to trace their ancestors to 
Oil'', who magnanimously recommended, 1624, in 


reference to the office of governour, he long after 
sustained and tliat of the assistants, that the people 
of the Old Colony should " change the persons as 
well a* renew the election, and also add more as- 
sistants to the governour lor helji and counsel, and 
for the better carrying on of pnhlick aft'aiis, show ing 
that it Has necessary it should so be ; for, if it were 
an honouror a benefit, it w as fit that others should be 
made iiartiikers of it. and if it were a burden, it was 
but equal that others should help to bear it, and 
that th s V as the end of jearly elections ;" a no- 
ble sentiment ! how happy for our country, were it 
genei'ally to prevail I 

60T. Note.—'' )n the 11 June, 1761, died the 
rev. N\Tii VNiKL Leonaro at Norton in the 02 
year of his age and was decently interred on Sat- 
urday the 13. His funeral being attended by a con- 
siderable concourse of people from that and other 
towns in token of respect and regard. He was 
settled in the ministry in Plymouth, 29 July, 
1724, and continued, labouring in word and doc- 
trine among them, till he was taken ofl" from his 
woik by his growing indrtiiitics. He was subject 
from bis youlh to an hereditary phthisick and heitd- 
ach, which many times prevented his publick la- 
bours. But thepe and other disorders were all at 
last swallowed up in a paralytick distemper, which 
seized him, as he was preaching on the sabbath, 9 
T\ov. 1755. After this, he desisted from his werk. 


r some months, his flock providing him an assist- 
ant. But in the spring of the year, 1756, being 
somewhat recruited, he preached a^ain and ("oilon- 
ed it constantly till the 2-2 of .uily. But his infir- 
mities of body increasing, he was again obliged to 
delist. And after lie had rested some months, not 
seeing any prospect of recovering his health and so 
of discharging his work, he thought it best t> ask 
a dismission, which his fleck with regrcet and con- 
cern consented to. And then, removing with his 
family to Norton, his native place, and where his 
estate lay, he remained in a weak and declining 
condition, though not conTmed to hi? house, t..the 
day of his death, which happened very suddenly. 
A repeated shock, it is thought, of his former dis- 
temper, carried hiai out of the world, in a ino'i.e,\t, 
after he made some little complairU of a pain in liis 
stomach, and a numbness in one of his arras. But 
we have the utmost reason to think that death was 
no surprise to him. He at times seemed to long for 
its approach and, no doubt, was habitually ready 
for the awful summons. He was a man of consider- 
able natural abilities, as well as of acquired ace mi- 
pHshments, of a clear head, solid judgment, pene- 
trating thought, excelling in conference and in 
giving counsel and advice in difficult cases. He 
had made great improvements in philosophy, but 
especially divinity, was a clear and sound gospel 
preacher, making Christ his Alpha and ' >mega in 
liis preaching. He seemed to be carried above all 
hi? natural infirmities, in the late time of remarkable 


awakenine;!), and was in labour.^ more aliundant; 
and ii)d was jileased to bless him with cn.isidcrablc 
success. He was of a mild, pleasant, affable dispo- 
sitim; prudent, hospitable, i^enenms, and liberal 
to the poor; a lovini; husband, a tender parenl, a 
iind and olilijini; frienil ; a faithful reprover even 
of those, that were dear to him, when he ajipre- 
htMidml there was occasion fir it ; and was coura" 
georis and bold in the cause of his Master and in 
promoting; the interest of vital piety. In short, he ex- 
celled in tlie sjraces and duties -if the christian life. 
And now he is no more, we, that survive, have 
reason to arif^e and call him blessed, for blessed 
are the dead that die in the Lord." [Ply .Ch. Kec] 


608. Here lyes buried the body of mr. 
Thjmas Clvrk, aged 98 years, who de- 
parted this life, the 24 ot 31arch, 1697. 


009. This stone is erected to the memory 
of that unbiassed judge, faithful officer, sin- 
cere friend, and honest man, col. Jsaac 
LoTHRop, who resigned this life, on the 26 
day of April, 1750, in the 43 year of his 

Had virtue'- charms the power to save 

Its fdithful votaries from the yi^^'G* 


This stone had ne'er possess'd the fanae 
Olbeiii;; inarkM witli l.othropV name. 
Note. — Col. Lotlirop was a geiitieuian of distiu* 
guished worth, as his ei>ita()h tully repieseiiis. He 
was a descendant, in the fourth generation, from 
the rev. John Lothrop^), of Barnstable, of whom a 
verv interesting; accf)Uiit is given in the fnst volume 
ef tiie seciiud decade of the Collections of the .Uas- 
sacliiivetts Historical Society, by the rev. John 
i-athrop, D, D. of Boston. 


610. Departed this life, 23 June, 179C, 
in the 90 3 ear of her a.«:e, madam PuisiciL- 
LA HoBART, relict of tlie rev. Noah liobart, 
late of Fairfield in Cormectit nt, her third 
husband. Her first and second Mere John 
Watsou. esq. and h on. Isaac Lothrop. 


611. In memory of George Watson, 
et!q. who died, the 3 of Dec. 1800, in the 
83 Tear of hi^^ aii;e. 

No folly wasted hi> paternal st re. 
No Kuilt, no sordid av'rice luadt- it more. 
With honest fame and sober ; lenty crown'd, 
He liv'd and spread his ch^erinj^ inlluence round. 
P:irp 'vas hi- walk and ^^eacefiil was his cud 
'Wa bless'd his rcv'reud length of days. 


And hail'dhim, in the publickvvays, 

With vi'iieration and w ith praise, 

Oiir father and our Iricnd. 

Nolt—'lhv inhabitants of Plyiunuth, at a town 
mei'tiiig, con ened in consequence of the death of 
Col. Watson, adopted arrangements, for the funeral, 
vhich were very respectiul to the remains and to 
the memory of this uncommonly estimable charac- 

The rev. James Kendall delivered a sermon, on 
the day of his interment from 2 K. 22. 19, 20, \\ hich 
was published, and, with it, a biographical notice, 
attributed to the hon. Joshua Thomas, from the 
latter of which the subjoined is taken. 

" Descended from respectable [)arents, by an uni- 
form dignity of manners and uprightness of conduct, 
he preserved the respectability of his family unsul- 
lied to the grave. 

" In the meridian of his days and amidst the mul- 
tifarious concerns and solicitudes of coumiercial 
business, he formed a Just estimate of the scenes 
fleeting before him, and looked forward to an inheri- 
tance eternal in the heavens. Becoming a member 
of the most aiicient church of Christ in New-f'.ng- 
land, his exem[ilary observance of all the institu- 
tions of religion and tlie well regulated habits of 
his mind and life were analogous to those of its 
primitive fouiders. 

" Ijjossed with alT.upnce, bis house was the tem- 
ple of resort, n.t merely of the indigent and dis- 
tressed, but of those, who sought to be obiise-1. AnC 


as the benevolent propensities of his nature would 
«ot sutler him to withhold a soliciteil favour, so, by 
his munificent direction, into the lacerated bosouft 
were often poured the wine and the oil. 

" As the natiM-al result of his wUe and temperate 
arrangement, col. Watson had almost uninterrupted 
health, which enabled him to enjoy, with cheerful- 
ness, the liberalities of Providence ; and, singularly 
happy ill his connexions, rich in the esteem of his 
ftiends, and ripe iu years, he sunk gently into 


612. In memory of doctor Lazarus Le 
Baron, who departed this life, 2 Septem- 
ber, 1773, ret. sune 75. 

My flesh shall slumber in the ground 

Till the last trumpet's joyful sound, 

Then burst the chains, with sweet surprise, 

And iu my Saviour's likeness rise. 


613. Here lyeth buried the body of that 
precious servant of God, mr. Thomas Cush- 
MAN, who, after he had served his genera- 
tion according to the will of God, and par- 
ticularly the church of Plymouth, for many- 
years, in the office of a ruling elder, lell 

rr?r.i. — Tot. m, X 


asleep in Josus, 10 Dec. 1G91, and in the 
84 ) ear of his age. 

Note. — He was a son of nir. Robert Ciishman, a 
man of primitive piety, wlio had the lionoiir of 
preaching the first sermon in New-Kngland. He 
succeeded, in the otfice of ruling elder, that venera- 
ble pilgrim of liCyden, nir. AVilliam Brewster, who 
died, in 1644, at ni< re than eijihty years of age. lie 
inheriteil much of the excellent spirit of his father, 
and, being adorned w ith gifts and graces, pi-ovcd a 
great blessing to the chnrch in Plymouth. He as- 
sisted rev. mr. Reyner, not only in ruling, cateciiis- 
ing, and visiting ; but in puhlick teaching, as had 
been tlie practice of mr. Rrewster. " It was the 
professed principle of this chnrch in their first for- 
mation, to cJwose none fur governing tldri-s but such as 
are able to teach.''^ This particular distinguished 
the church of Leyden and the Old Colony from 
other reformed churches, in general, which, as mr. 
Robinson remarks in a certain letter, did not re- 
quire this ability in their ruling elders. 

The subject of this article was greatly instrumen- 
tal in preventing the ill effects of the irregularities, 
whicii, unhappily, too much characterized not a few 
of the denomination oi friends, on their first appear- 
ing in New-England, about the middle of the 
seventeenth century. This he did by teacliing the 
will of God plainly and powerfully and by his 
blameless life and conversation. 

It may be proper here to remark that the Old 
Coiony govermaeut, to its honour, never enacted 


any sanguinary or capital laws against this sect, 
h.i\vr\ er ^reat the pravocation, as some of her sister 
colonies liiJ. The friends, though censurable iu 
former times, are now highly respectable for their 
love of order and their example of economy, indus- 
try, and their regular, peaceable, aud moral con- 
duct, wherever their lot is cast. 

The following quotntion is from a luminous and 
interesting account of the church in Plymouth, 
written by Josiah Cotton, esq. and preserved in 
the 4 vol. < oil. Mass. His. Soc. 

Mr. Cushitian was a " rich blessing to this church 
scores of years. He was grave, sober, holy, and 
teni.ierale, very studious and solicit )us for the 
peace and prosperity of the church, and to prevent 
aud heal all breaches. Much of God's presence 
went away from this church, when this blessed pil- 
lar was removed." 


614. Andrew Farrell, of respecta- 
ble connexions, in Ireland, aged 38 } eajs, 
owner and commander of the ship, HiberiJa, 
sailed from Boston, 26 Jan. and was wreck- 
ed on Plvmouth beach, 28 Jan. 1835. His 
remains witli five of seven seamen, who per- 
ished with him, are here interred. 

O j'lteous lot of man's uncertain state ; 

Wkat woes on life's eventful journey wait .' 


By rea, what treacherous calms, what sudden 

And death, attendant in a thousand forms! 


615. To the mrmory of John Cotton, 
•sq. formerly a miuister of the gospel at 
Ealifax, which employ was ever his great- 
est delight, Avho di^a, 4 Nov. A. D. 1789l» 
ill Jie 78 year of his age. 

'Tis heaven's irrevocable decree, 
Thiit the great, the good, the pious shall fall, 
In the dark grave undistinguish'd to lie. 
Till the last trumpet rends the azure sky ; 
TTlien the virtuous immortal will rise, 
To glory and joys, above the starry skies ; 
The villous to pain, dishonour, contempt, 
In realms, beiuw the splendid firmament. 


616. Here lies the body of the hon. Je- 
siAH Cotton, esq. who died 19 August, 
1756, aged 76 years and 7 months. 

Note. — This worthy man, a son of the rev. Joho 
Cotton of Plymouth, who was also a mitiister in 
Charleston, South f'arolina, and died there in 1696, 
was like hi:< father well versed in the laiigiiagcofhig 
aboriginal neighlour?, aud, being a pre tcher ol' the 
gospel, often discoursed to them in their vernacalar 


tongue. Many of his manuscript sermons, in Eng^. 
lish and Iniliun, still remain. He also attended 
much to the history of the .>ld Colony, and left a 
volume, in his own hand writing, of interesting me- 
moirs of hi? ancestors, with many incidental notices 
of their worthy cotemporaries. His wife, mrs. Han- 
nah Cotton, died, '27 May, 1Tj6, aged 69 years and 
1 month. He was the father of John Cotton, esq. 
noticed in the foregoing article. The present Ros- 
siter Cotton, esq. is a son of the last mentioned, and 
holds in possession many valuable letters written to 
his ancestors by some of the early and distinguished 
clergymen of this country, which will be useful to 
the future historians of New England, in ascertaia- 
ing a variety of dates and facts. 


61 7. This stone consecrated to the memo- 
ry of the rev. Chandler Robbins, D. D. 
was erected by the inhabitants of the first re- 
ligious society in Plymonth, as their last 
grateful tribute of respect for his eminent la- 
bours in the ministry of Jesus Christ, which 
commenced, 30 January, A. D. 1760, and 
continued till his death, 30 June, 1 799, anno 
ffitatis 61, when he entered into that everlast- 
ing rest prepared for the faithful ambassa- 
dcui-s of the Most High God. 



Ah, come heav'ns radiant olFspriiig. hither throng, 
Buli.ilil your projihet, yuur Klijali fled ; 
Let sacred symphony attune each tongue, 
To chunt h "saniias witli the eucred dead. 
Note. — A discourse eiUitleil, 'Jlie resurrection 
of good men to a blessed iinmortiility, a ground of 
consolation to surviving mourners, from 1. 'Ihes. 4. 
14, occasioned by the death of doctor Robbins, was 
delivered at Plymouth, 14 July, 1T99, by the rev. 
"William Shaw, of Marshlield, and was published. 
In an appendix to that discourse, the following 
sketch of the life and character of that eminent di- 
vine, attributed to the pen of the hon. Joshua Thom- 
as, his respectable pai'ishioner, was also given to the 

" The reverend Chandler Robbins, D. D. was 
born at Branford, in the stale of Connecticut, the 
24 of August, 1738, and was the son of the rever- 
end Philemon Robbins, then minister of that place. 
In September, 1T5'2, doctor RobbiHs was admitted 
a student at Yale college; and, after completing the 
usual terra of study, received the honours of that uni- 
versitj', and is said to have been there distinguished 
as a correct classical scholar. 

" Early impressed with the truth and importance 
ef the christian system, and jirompted by incliua- 
tinn, as well as formed by nature, and nuaiiiied by 
divini! grace, for the gospel ministry, he commenced 
a preacher of this holy religion before lie reached the 
age of twenty. 
" Having consecrated his powers to the services 


«f the sanctuary, bis fervid and pious eloquence an^ 
unciiininoii brilliancy of his pulpit talents uniied the 
first reiiiLrious society in Plymouth, after having 
heard, unsuccessfully, a large number of candidates, 
in the choice of him as their minister ;and, in Janua- 
ry, 1760, he was ordained pastor over the first 
ehurch of Christ planted in New England. 

" It is worthy of remark, considering the com- 
parative antiquity of this church that doctor Rob- 
bins had but live predecessors in the work of the 
ministry, and only one of theui died and was en- 
tombed with the people of his charge. 

" The scriptural doctrines, i>reached by diiCtor 
Robbins, did not materially differ from those main- 
tained by the first founders of this church ; and the 
result of his investigations being a lull conviction 
that they were contained in the sacred pages of his 
Lord and Master, he inculcated them, both in jiub- 
lick and private, with the energy of an ujiright zeal, 
and with a happy facility and ardour of expression. 

" In the discharge of all the ministerial duties, he 
was affectionate and attentive,,a constant visitant in 
the chambers of the sick and distressed, to whom 
he adminiftered those heavenly consolations, that 
smooth the bed of death. To the alKicted and be- 
reaved, he made such pertinent rellections on the 
moral government of dod, as are powerfully adapt- 
ed to calm the tumults of nature and serene the 
troubled soul ; and his prayers, his fervent and rev- 
erential prayers, accom[ anicd v itli his solemn and 
ievolicnal manner, will be remembered by his peo- 


j/ie, w?ien, by tlic mouldering hand of time, evcrj 
otlipr impression of liieir beloved uiinii^tcr shall be 

" His publications, though not numerous, bore 
such strong fe<itures of the divine, ihe gentleman, 
and the scholar, as procured him, unsolicited, a doc- 
torate of divinity fmm Dartmouth college, in New- 
Ilampshirf, in the year, 179'i, and, in the year fol- 
lowing, another from the university of Edinburgh 
in Scotland. 

" In private and social life, doctor Robbins was 
equally amiable and exemplary; the instructive 
companion, the unfeigned friend, the tender and en- 
dearing husband, the faithful and indulgent parent. 

" iS'or was doctor Robbins less assiduous in the 
jicrforinance of his civil duties. Attached from 
principle to the federal government, and persuaded 
of the rectitude of its administration, lie advocated 
both with that unfettered freedom, which became the 
servant of a prince, whose kingdom is not of this 

" Amidst this extensive usefulness, amidst the un- 
bounded affections of his church and congregation, 
it pleased the almighty Governour of the universe 
to arrest him by the stroke of death, and to remove 
him from these transitory and chequered scenes to 
those permanent and blei^sed abodes, where they, 
w/to have litrned many to righleomntss, shall shine as 
the stars forever and ever. 

" The chamber where the good man meets his fate 

Is privileged above the common walk 

Of virtuous life, quite on the verge of heaven. 


■• The ruiieral solemnities of doctor Robbins were 
attended by the whole society from hoary age t» 
lisping childhood. The procession waa arrang- 
«d with great judgment, and genuine sympathy 
and silent regret marked its very movement. The 
eorpse was placed in the broad ai>le of the meeting 
house, which had so often resounded with the sol- 
emn counsels and earnest expostulations of the de- 
ceased, when the throne of grace was addressed in an 
inipressive and appropriate manner, by the rev. mr. 
Shaw, and an ingenious discourse was delivered by 
Ihe rev. mr. Sanger, from these words of the apostle, 
which, with strong propriety, were applied to the 
present occasion, for me to lice is Christ, and to die 
is gain. 

'• The obsequies of but few celebrated ministers 
kave been visited by a larger concourse of people, 
and, in no instance, have greater order, deccnoy, 
and seriousness been preserved." 


61 8. This stone consecrated to the niemo- 
ry of madam Jane Robeixs, consort of the 
late rev. doc. Robbins, yrho lan<iuished from 
his death, 30 June, 1799, till 12 Sept, an- 
no Domini 1800, Avhen, in the 60 year of 
her age, she commenced her inseparable 
union with her much beloved consort and 
ker tombstone !' erected by the piety of her 
afflicted childrei. 


Note. — llie rev. Jauics Kendall, successor to thu 
rev. doc. Rabbins, delivered a sennoii, <iii tiie sab- 
bath after the interment of inrs. llnbliins, from 
lle\'. 14. IS, which is before tiie (niblick, and from 
which the following extract is oirerod, as respect- 
ful to the memory of a precious follower of the 

"During the frail life of her beloved companion, 
fcy hiippily blending the feeliiij;s of sympathy with 
the fortitude of the christian and the cheerl'ultiess of 
the friend, she often UfUd up Hit handu, lliat hung 
doim. cheered the desponding spirits and thus pro- 
longed a life not more dear to hei-self and cliiidren, 
than interesting to his friends and useful and desir- 
able to his charge. But when the stiver cord was 
loosed and the v\eary soul returned to its rest, tiie 
sister spirit, bereft of the object of her fondest care 
and tenderest sympathy, mourned in solitude the 
joy of her heart; till, at length, wasting disease, 
proud of it? victim too ready to yield, drank n.) the 
current of life, and deprived the world of a christian, 
but gave to heaven a saint." 


619. Consecrated to tlic memory of nirs. 
S.\RAH Kendall,, amiable cons;art of rev. 
James Kendall, wlio died, 13 Februaiy, 
1809, in the 33 year of her a^e, leaving to 
her surviving friends the best consolation, the 
remembrance of her virtues in life ; her pi- 
ous calmness, christian resignation, and tri- 


umphant hope in death. Blessed are the 
dead, who die in tlie Lord ; yea, saith the 
Spirit, for they rest from their labours, aad 
their works do follow them. 

A'ole. — Mrs. Kendall was a daughter of deacon 
Daniel Poor of Andover. She was the mother of 
six children, four of whom survived her. A di.«tia- 
guishcd character in Piymouth prepared an obitua- 
ry notice of this amiable lady, from which the fol- 
lowing extract is here preserved. 

" Possessed of a high degree of discretionary in- 
telligence and educated in the sublime and practical 
principles of our holy religion, eminently calculat- 
ed to teach us to form a just estimate of human 
life, nirs. Kendall, in all the situations, in which 
Providence placed her, sought rather to be useful, 
than splendid. Piety to God and benevolence to 
the fiunily of man predominated in her mind. The 
unaffected modesty, the placid unassuming demcau- 
our, aud the amiable graces, that embellish the 
female character, were uniformly conspicuous in 
her intercourse with her ninuerous friends and ac- 
quaintances. In the social and endearing relations 
of life, filial obedience marked her as a child, the 
most affectionate tendcrnessas a wife, and the fond- 
est attention as a mother. Bitter experience, in- 
deed, almost daily admonishes us, that no assem- 
blage of christian graces and virtues can secure 
their exalted votaries, from the fatal arrest of 
death ; but the example of the deceased furnishes 


llio luost consolatory proof, that a well gr»»in«lei 
Lojtc in the salvation of the gospel can calm the tu- 
mults of nature, in the agonizing fcene of dissolu- 
tion, and tlisann the ghastly monarch of all his ter- 
rors. In the mcriilian of life and amidst all those 
domestick endearment*, that fortify our attachment 
to it, mrs. Kendall received the awful mandate 
with a triumphant faith in the redemption of the 
great Saviour of the world, of which hhe made aa 
early profession, and hid a tender and interesting 
adieu to her worthy consort, lovely children, and 
oilier beloved relatives and friends, who surrounded 
the bed of death." 


620. Note. — The hon. John Alden was one 
of the pilgrims of Leyden, who came, in the May- 
Flower, to Plymouth, in iG'iO. He wa? about twen- 
ty-t«o years of age, when he arrived, and was one 
of those, who signed the original civil com[iact, 
formed and solemnly adopted by the first adventur- 
ers ai Cape Cod harbour, on the ir» of Xovember. 
This was a few days previous to their finding and 
selecting a |i!ace for the commencement of their set- 
tlement in this western world. He was a snigle 
man and appears to have been an inmate in the 
family of captain Myles Standish. He was Iht strip- 
ling, tvho first leaped upon tlie rock, as mentioned by- 
president Adams in a certain communication. 

It is well known, that, of tiie first company con- 
sistittg of •ne kundred and one, about oae half die* 


■II six months after landing, in coufequcnce of the 
hardships tiiey nere called to encounter. Mrs. 
Rose Standish, consort of captain Standish, depart- 
ed thislife,on the 29 of January, 16.21. This circum- 
stance is mentioned as an introduction to the follow- 
ing anecdote, which has been carefully handed 
down by tradition. 

In a very short time after the decease of mrs. 
Standish, the captain was led to think, that, if he 
could obtain miss Priscilla jVlullins, a daughter of 
nir. William Mullins, the breach in his family would 
be happily repaired. He, therefore, according to 
liie custom of those times, sent to ask mr. Mullins' 
jiermission to visit his daughter. John Alden, 
the messenger, went and faithfully communicated 
the wishes of the captain. The old gentleman did 
not object, as he might have done, on account of 
the recency of captain Standish's bereavement. He 
<;aid it was perfectly agreeable to him, but the young 
lady must also be consulted. The damsel was then 
called into the room, and John Alden, who is said 
to have b«en a man of most excellent form with a 
fair and ruddy complexion, arose, and, in a very 
courteous and prepossessing manner, delivered his 
errand. Miss Muliins listened with respectful at- 
tention, and at last, after a considerable pause, fixing 
her eyes upon him, with an open and pleasant coun- 
teiiance, said,y)r(7/iep, Jvlut, why do i.iou not sptakfor 
yourself? He blushed, and bowed, and took his 
leave, but with a look, which indicated more, than 

^liiV, I. — VOL. III. X 


his diffidence would permit him otherwise to ex- 
press. However, he soon renewed his visit, and it 
was not long before their nuptials were celebrated 
in ample form. From them are descended all of the 
name, Aldcn, in the United States. What rpj)ort 
he made to his constituent, after the first interview, 
tradition does not unfold ; but it is said, how true 
the writer knows not, that the captain never for- 
gave him to the day of his death. 

For a few years, the subject of this article lived 
in Plymouth and then settled in Duxborough on a 
farm, which, it is a little remarkable, has remained 
in the possession of his descendants ever since and 
is one of the best in the town. He built his house 
on a rise of land near Eagle Tree Pond, where the 
ruins of his well are still to be seen. 

He had four sons and four daughters, who lived 
to enter the marriage state, who had many children 
and most of whom lived to a good old age. 

1. John Alden, who settled in Boston, had a 
son by the name of Nathaniel, two daughters, Anna 
and Elizabeth, and probably other children. A 
certain avenue, leading from one street to another in 
Boston, is called Alden's Lane, from the circum- 
stance, as it is supposed, of his having lived in that 
part of the town. Zechariah Alden, who was grad- 
uated at Harvard college, in 169'2, was of his family, 
and must have been either his son or grandson. 

2. .TosephAlden, who was one of the first settlers 
of the Duxborough Plantation, now Bridgewater, 
as noticed in the 332 article of this Collection. 

26 r 

3. DaviJ Allien, who was tlie representative of 
Duxboroujih. for a niiiiiber of years,iii the Old Colo- 
ny court, ami, in 1690, one of the assistants. He had 
two sons, Benjamin and Samuel, and one daughter, 
Alice, who was married, 5 December, 1706, to Judah 
Paddock of Yarmouth, now Dennis, grandfather of 
the present Judah Paddock, esq. Benjamin had 
four sons and one daughter, iMary, who was the 
wife of dnctiir John Wadsworth and the mother of 
John Wadsworth, A. M. a much beloved tutor at 
Harvard college, whose elegant epitaph forms the 
5;13 article of this Collection. The sons of Ben- 
jamin Alden were David, Bezaleel, Wrestling, and 
Abiiithar; the lirst and last of whom removed to 
the District of Maine, Abiathar, a physician, and a 
man of uncommon metaphysical talents, to Scarbo- 
rough; theother two spent their days in their native 
place. Samuel is further noticed in a subsequent ar- 

4. Caj'tain Jonathan Alden, who inherited and 
occu] led the ancient homestead and died in 1697. 
Be is the subject of the 62'2 article of this Collec- 

5. Elizabeth Alden, the wife of William Pay- 
hody of Little Compton, of whom some account is 
giveu in the 6'i'o article of this work. 

6. Sarah Alden, the wife of Alexander Standish, 
a son of CH|itain Myles Standish. 

7. Ruth Alden, the wife of John Bass, of Brain- 
tree, now Guincy, a son of deacon Samuel Bas?, 


who, according to tlie duiiicy Cli. Rec. was elected 
a riilin* elder, in 1Cj3. 

8. Mary Allien, tiic wife of Thomas Diilano. 

John AKh>n, tlic principal subject of this memoir, 
is supposed to have been a native of some part of 
the island of Great Britain. A very few of the 
name, however, a,>ppar evar to liuve been in Kng- 
land. The name has probably been more common 
in (lermany. In a certain printed catal«gue (^ the 
graduates of Cambridge university, but one of thin 
name is to be fmind. In tliat part of C'.'damy's Ac- 
c Hint of ejected ministers and others confined to 
the county of Bedford, mr. A!den, a scholar of St. 
John's college, is mentioned as one, who suffereJ 
from tlie tyrannical Bartholomew act. In duil- 
lim's Display of Heraldiy, the following armorial 
passage is recorded. " He beareth gules, three 
<rrefcents within a border engrailed ermine by the 
name of Alden. Thi? coat was assigned, 8 Septem- 
ber, 1607, by William Camhden, clarencieux, to 
John Alden of the Middle Temple." 

Through a long protracted life, the subject of this 
article was almost continually engaged in puldick 
employments. In the patent for Plymouth in Xew- 
Ertgland, dated IG January, 1G'J9, and signed by 
jRobert earl of AVarwick, IM) les Staiidish, Edward 
AVinslow, John Howland, and John Alden, or any 
of them, are named as the true and lawful attoruies 
of the council established at Plymouth in the coun- 
ty of Devon. Accordingly, John Alden entered 
into some part of the tracts specified in the patent 


look possession in due form and delivered l|)eliiliaiKt 
peaceahle possession and seizin of the same to VVil- 
Jiam liradford, govcrnour of the Old Colony, Lis) 
heirs, associates, and assigns secunduui forinam 

He was one of the court of assistants in 16SS and, 
Siiu-cpssively, for a numiter of years. From 1641 to 
1649, inclusively, he was chosen to represent the 
town of Duxboroiigh in the general court of the 
Old Colony. In 165.'?, and for several succeeding; 
years he was one of the council of war, appointed on 
account of dan£;pr ap])rehpnderf from the Indians* 
In the year, 1650. he was again elected one of the 
as>istants to the governour and every year after till 

In December of the last mentioned year, sir Ed- 
munil Andros arrived with an extensive commis- 
sion from kinsr .Tames IT. appointing him governour 
of all the VewEnsland colonies. Of course, the 
liberties of the people of the Old Colony were sup- 
posed to be at an end. The measures of sir Ed- 
mund were very distrusting to the free born sons of 
this western world ; and, at length, he was seized and 
imprisoned at T?oston. In 1688, a happy revolution 
took place ; William and Mary came to the throne 
ofFngland and Andros had leave to depart from 
the country. Thi< colony then resumed its original 
powers, and elections by the people took place till 
Hay 169?, when the charter, uniting the Old 
Colony of Plymouth with .Matsachusetts, arrived. 
Y 2 

Tlie u;overnoiir, lifiilenantgovernour, and sccrctniy 
were after appointed by royal authority. 

The sul)jcct of tliis memoir m as an assistant to 
all the yoveniours of the old colony, except Car- 
ver, who early fell a victim to the distreissinj^ calami- 
ties, uhich alllictrd the adventurers on their first 
airival at Plymouth. For thirty six years, with- 
out interruption, he was elected to this office and, 
for the twenty last years of his life, from ICfiG till 
the liberties of the people were infrintjed tlirouj;h 
the folly of James the second, he was the senior as- 

From tradition, as well as from the annexed elegy 
occasioned by his death, this aged and vencrabh; 
puritan was distinguished by his holy life and com 
vcrsation. He was a meek, humble, sincere, pious, 
and faithful follower of the blessed Reedemer, and 
his end was peace and triumph. The object, whicl:, 
in his youthful days, he anxiously sought, was fully 
attained. He came to the howllag wilds of Ameri- 
ca to enjoy the sweets of religion pure and undcfiled. 
Like the saints of old, he was willing to endure 
hardshi])s with the people of God, while he might 
bo instrumental in extending the kingdom of Im- 
inanuel and looking lo a better and an eternal state, 
ofexistencc for the rewards of grace. Here he wa;i 
unmolested in the exercise of the rights of con- 
science and in the worship of the Most High. In 
addition to his spiritual blessings, he was crowned 
with that competence, which is vital to content ; 
tvith an uncommon length of days } and with a 


--t-oiily number c-i'diiltlren, all of wlioni deiigiiierl ic 
' ;ic ordinances of God and finally left that good 

imp, in the world, which is better, than precJou? 

The following linc5, with wliich this article lE 
rloscil, are snpposetl to have been written by the 
rev. John Cotton of Flyrnouth, and are rcspectfni 
^ to the meuiory of one of the j)ious and worthy 
J- tiiors of New Enjcland. They have been, several^ 
-;::t'.s, given to tlie publick from tlte press, aud an- 
' : >re valuable on account of the rich sentiments they 

ntain, than the style, in which they are couipos- 


on the d<^ath of the honourable Jolun Allien, for 
I ny years, a nmi^istrate of the Old riyinouth 
• >!ony, who died, on the 12 of September, 1637, 
.obah'y, in his 90 year. 
" The staft'of bread, and water eke the stay, 
From sinning Judah God will take ^way ; 
The prudent counsellor, the honourable, 
''.Thoni o;race antl holiness makes delectable, 
The judge, tiic prophet, and the ancient saint ; 
The deaths of such cause sorrowful complaint. and its inhabitants do fall. 
The aged saint bears up its pillars all. 
The hoary head in way of righteousness 
A crown of glory is. Who can express 
Th' abundant blessings by disciples old ! 
In every deed they're more than can be told- • 

Tsro guise 'tis of a wanton generation 


To wi?h tke aged soon miglit quit tlitir station. 

Though truth it be, the Lonl our li«il iloe Iruwi;, 

When aged ^i^illts Ijy death do tuiiiljlp (hnvii. 

"What thiu^h there be not such uciivily. 

Yet in their prayers there's such fervency 

As doth great mercy for a place obtain, 

And gracious presence of the Li)rd maintain. 

Th )ugh nature '4 strength in old age d ith decay, '^ 

Yet the inward man reiievv'd his day by day. 

Tlie very presence of a saint in years, 

■\Vlio lifts his soul to God with itray'rs and tears, 

Is a rich blessing unto any place. 

Who have that rnerey to behdd his face. 

When sin is ripe and calls fir desolation 

G >d will call home old saints from such a nation. 

Let sinners then of th' aged weary be. 

God give me grace to mourn most hcaitily 

For death of this dear servant of the Lord, 

W^lnise life Ciod did to us so long atlord. 

God lent J^islife to greatei^t length of days ; 

In which he liv'd to bis Hedecnicr's praise. 

In youthful time he made Moses his chciice. 

His s»ul obeying great lehovali's voice, 

Freely forsook the world for sake of Ciod, 

In his house with his saints to ha . e abode. 

He followed (rod into this wilderness ; 

Thereby to all the world he did profess, 

AiHiction with his saints a better part 

And more delightful to his holy heart, 

Than sinful pleasures, lasting but a season. 

Thns said his^faith. so saith not carnal reason. 


Mc caQ>3 one of the first intoliiis lano, 

And lierc was kept by God's most gracious hani 

Years sixty-seven, which time he did beliold 

To poor New-England mercies manifohl. 

All God's great woriis to this his Israel 

From Jirst implanting that to them befell ; 

Ofthcm he made a serious observation, 

Aftd could of them pre>enta large nanaUota. 

His walk was holy, humble, and sincere^ 

"His heart was filled with Jehovah's fear, 

Ke honour'd God with much integrity, 

God therefore did liim truly magnify. 

The hearts of saints entirely did him love. 

His uprightaessso highly did approve. 

That whilst to choose, they had their liberty 

Within the limits of this Colony, 

Tlieir civil leaders, him they ever chose. 

His faitiifulness made hearts with him to close. 

With all the governours he did assist ; 

His name recorded is within the list 

Of Plymouth's pillas to his dying day. 

His name is precious to eternal ay. 

He set his love on God and knew his name, 

God therefore gives him everlas-ting fame. 

So good and heav'nly was his conversation, 

God gave long life, and show'd him his salvation. 

His work now finished upon this earth; 
Seeing the death of what he saw the birth. 
His gracious Lord from heaven calls him home. 
And saith, my servant, now to heaven come : 
Thau hast done good, been faithful unto cie. 


iS'ow slialt thou live in bliss flcrnally. 
Oil tlyiiii; bed his ails were very great, 
Yet verily his heait on God was Ket. 
He bare liis griefs with faith and |>atieiice, 
jViyl did maintain liis lively oiiiideiice ; 
Saying to somr, the work, wiiieh i»otl begun, 
He would preserve to its |»eifecti'>i). 
His month was full of blefsinsrstill his drath 
To ministers and christians all ; his breath 
Was very sweet by many a precious word 
He utter'd from the spirit of his Lord. 
He liv'd in t hrist, in .^esnsnow he sleeps ; 
And his blest soul the Loid in safety keeps. 
John Aldex, Anagram, e\o al o.\ ni. 
Death puts an end to all this w-rid enjoys. 
And frees the saint from all, that iuie annoys. 
This blessed saint hath seen an end if all 
W irldly perfections. Now his l-ord doth call 
Him to ascend from earth to heaven high, 
"Where he is blest to all eternity. 
"Who walk with jod as he, shall so be blest, 
And evermore in t hrist his arms shall est. 

Lord, spare thy remnant, d.) not us forsake, 
From us do not tliy Holy Spirit take. 
Thy cause, thy int'rest in this land still owa 
The gracious presence ay let be our crown. 

J. C." 


G21. In memory of captain Sa.muel Al,- 


DEN, who died, 24 Fobniar^-, 1781, aged 
92 yeais, 2 months, and 3 days. 

Note. — This gentleman was remarkable for his 
strength of iiiiail, soinulness of juilginent, and ex- 
emplary deportment through life. He was a pious 
man and was ever cheerful through the christian 
hope, which he had attained. He lived till he was 
impatient to depart and enter a happier state, thougk 
Le suflered but little bodily distress. 

The bubject of this notice was the second son of 
David Alden mentioned in the foregoing article. 
He was the father of colonel Ichabod Alden, a 
brave revolutionary officer, who fell at the time of 
the destruction of Cherry Valley. 

It is a remarkable circumstance, that captain Sam- 
uel Alden and mrs. Alice Paddock, his sister, two 
of .'he grand-children of one of the first settlers of 
the Old Colony, should have been upon the stage, 
at the commencement of the revolutionary war. 
They lived to see the country peopled with three 
million white inhabitant? and successfully opposing 
the ungenerous usurpation and tyranny of the par- 
ent empire. Had any on^ told the first adventur- 
ers, wh') were often in the utmost jeopardy from 
their surrounding enemies, that some of their grand- 
cliildren would live to witness such an astonishing 
population in the va'5t and drsary region, which 
they behel.'. overspread with unknown numbers of 
savages and beasts of prey, and establishing nation- 
al liberty nnd iiid'-pf^n-lcTire, th''" -''oijld hr»-o rot-- 


sjiterei] it as a tiling utterly improbable If not totally 

622. Nolc. — Captain .Tox\than Alpek, the 
fourth son of the hon. John Alden, of whom a me- 
ruoir is triven in the 620 articie of this Collection, 
inherited and occupied the farm of his father. He 
died in February, 169T, at the age of about 70 
years. From the Duxborough records, it appears 
that he married Abigail Kalat, 10 December, 
1672, by whom he had four sons ; 1. Andrew, who 
settled in Lebanon Connecticut, further noti- 
ced in a subsequent volume of this work ; 2. Jona- 
than, who, also, removed to Lebanon and whose 
son, deacon Austin Alden, sottled at Gorham in 
the vicinity of Portland ; 3. John, who inherited the 
place of his father, was a colonel of the militia, and 
died, 2i July, 1739, at the a§e of 58 years ; 4. dea- 
con Benjamin Alden, who was drowned near the 
Gurnet, 14 April, 1741. Colonel John Aklen, be- 
fore named, had four sons ; 1. John Alden, who di- 
ed in infancy; 2. captain Samuel Alden, who waii 
master of a merchant ship and died at Uristol, T'vng- 

land, where he married Fdith and died about 

the year, 1744 ; 3. captain Judab Alden, master of 
a ves?el, who died on his passage to Scotland ; 4. 
colonel Briggs Alden, who owned and occupied the 
ancient seat of his ancestors and died in October, 
1T9T, at the age of 74 years. Colonel John Alden 
harf als^tluee daughters: 1. Abigail, the wifo of 


Ijeiijuiuiu Lorliig, who died at the age of 88 ; ?. Deb- 
orah, who died a young woman in 17S0 ; 3. Abi- 
'.:ai\, the wife of colonel Anthony Thomas of Marsh- 
field. Colonel Btiggs Alden's ciiildren were;l. 
Hannah, who was the w ife of captain John Gray of 
Boston and died, in 1790, at the age of 47 ; 2. John, 
who was drowned, in 1766, at the age of 21; 2. Deb- 
orah, vhose first husband was Caleb Coffin of 
Nantucket and second Isaac Belknap of Ncwbiu-gh, 
in the state of New York, where she died in 1792 ; 
i, Jiidah, a member of the general court of Massa- 
chusetts and justice of the peace ; 5. Nathaniel ; G 
Edith ; 7. Abigail, the first wife of the hon. Boza- 
leel Hay ward of Bridgewater ; 0. Samuel, w ho died 
in November, 1778, by a wound he received in the 
PenobFcot expedition under general Lovell ; 9. Am- 
herst, who died, in 1804, at the age of 4j years. 

Captain Jonathan Alden, the principal subject 
pfthis article, was buried underarms, 17 February, 
1697, on which nccasion an address was delivered, 
at the grave, by the rev. Iclmbod Wiswall, of Dux- 
borough, a copy of which is still preserved, and 
from which the following paragraphs-are selected. 

" Neighbours and friend?, we are assembled, this 
day, in a posture of mournins, to solemnize the fu- 
neral of the present deceased, to pay our last tri- 
bute of respect to a person well known among us. 
I need not enlarge upon his character ; but, in brief, 
ini bold to say thus much. He stepped over his 
youth without the usual stain? of vanity. In his 
riper years, lie ai)pprovcd hiW^lf a good comnjon- 

rry. I.— vei, iii. Z 


wealth's roan ; and, which is the crown of all, a 
sincere christian, one, whose heart was in the house 
of God, e%'cn when his body was barred thence by 
the restraints of many diificulties, which confined 
him at home. He couid say, in truth. Lord, 1 have 
loved the habitation of tiiy house. He earnestly de- 
sired the enlargement of Jerusalem and inwardly la- 
mented that the ways to Zion did mourn, because 
so few did fli)ck to her solemn feasts; but is now 
united t - that general assembly, where is no more 
cause of sorrow on that account. 

" As to his quality in our militia, he was a leader, 
and, I dare say, rather loved, than feared of his 
company, etc. etc. 

" Fellow soldiers, you are come to lay your lead- 
er in the dust, to lodge him in his quiet and silent 
repose. You are no more to follow him in the field. 
No sound of rallying drum nor shrillest trumpet will 
awaken him till the general muj-ter, when the Son 
of God will cause that trumpet to be blown, whose 
echoes shall shake the foundations of the heavens 
and the earth, and raise the dead. 

" Fellow soldiers, you have followed him into 
the field, appeared in your arms, stood your ground, 
marched, countermarched, made ready, advanced, 
fired, and retreated ; and all at his command. You 
have been conformable to his military commands 
and postures, and it is to your credit. But, let 
me tell you, this day he has acted one posture be- 
fore your eyes, and you are all at a stand ! No man 
stirs a foot after hiu#but the day is hastening, 


wlicrein you must all conform to his present posture 
I mean be laid in the dust." 

After oftering \ arieus serious exortations with 
many scriptural references, mr. Wiswall concludes 
his address in this manner. 

" Fellow soldiers, eh consider how dreadful it 
will prove, if, after you have with a matchless 
bravery of spirit, acted the part of soldiers on earth, 
you should, in the meantime, forget your christian 
armour and discipline, and be numbered among 
those mentioned in Ez. 32.il6, 2T, who having been 
the terror of the mighty, in the land of the living, 
yet went down to hell with their weapons of war, 
their iniquities remaining upon their bones I which, 
that you may all escape, follow your deceased leader, 
as he followed Christ ; and then, though death may, 
for a short space of time, tyrannize over your frail 
bodies in the grave ; yet, you shall rise with him in 
triumph, when the great trumpet shall sound, and 
appear listed in the muster roll of the Prince of 
the kings of the earth, the captain of our eternal 

625. Note — The following paragraph is from the 
Boston News-Letter, IT June, 1717, and is retained 
in judge Sewall's Phcenomena Qua^dam Apocalyp- 
tica, published in 17£T, in connection with sun- 
dry other statements, in evidence of the longevity 
of the first settlers of the Old Colony and of tbeir 
immediate descendants. 


■Xittle Compton, 31 May. This morning died 
here inrs. Er.iz vnKTH Paybody, late wife oi' 
)»r. William ]*aybo(ly, in tiie 93 year oilier at;c. 
She was a daughter of John Aldcn, esq. and Priscil 
la, his wile, danjijiiter of mr. William Mullins. Thii. 
John Alden and Priscilla Mullins were married at 
Plymouth, in New England, where their daughter, 
Elizabeth, was born. She was exemplarily virtuous 
and pious and her memory is blessed. She has left a 
numerous posterity. Her grand daughter, Bradford, 
J3 a grandmother." 


624. John Winthrop, goveraoiir of 
Massachusetts, died, 1(349. 

Major general Wait Still Winthkop 
died, 7 September, 1717, aged 7 G years. 

Ann Winthrop Skars, the wife of Da- 
vid Sears, died, 2 October, 1789, aged 33 

Note. — Govcrnour Ariutiirop was l)orn at CrotoD, 
county of Suffolk, in England, 12 .Tune, 1587. Of 
course, he was at the age of 62, when he deceased. 
His name makes a conspicuous figure in the early 
history of IMassaciiusetts. His Journal, kept from 
1630 to 1644, the original of which is in the library 
of the Mass.His. Soc. was not printed till 1790. Many 
of his descendants have been distinguished for their 
intellectual powers, their literary and scicntifick 
Attainments, their patriotism; and the ability, with 


%vhich iliey have discharged the duties of various 
publick lionorary and important stations. 


625. Note. — The honourable Pe.ns Towxsend 
was a distinguished member of the king's council 
in Massachusetts. He closed his days, 21 August, 
1727, in the 76 year of his age. The rev. Thomas 
Prir.ce says he " was a great and steady lover 
of our country ; a firm friend to the civil and sacred 
privileges of it ; an espouser of our pure scriptural 
religion ; who ever readily and generously sought 
the common welfare ; passed through a great variety 
of publick posts with honour ; and was greatly accept- 
ed and beloved among the multitude of his brethren." 


626. Noie.—Tho. hon. Francis Dana, LL. D. 
who for many years had been the chief justice of 
the supreme judicial court of Massachusetts, died, 
at hit seat in Cambridge, on thursday, the 25 of 
April, 1811, having entered on his 68 year. He was 
graduated, at Harvard college, in 1762. His life 
was marked with activity, integrity, and useful- 
ness in various publick and honorary employments. 
He was vice president of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences and had been an ambassadour 
from the United States to the court of Russia. A 
vant of documents prevents the author of this Col- 
lection from giving a full memoir of the upright, 
able, and dietinguished judge 



0£7. Note. — Samcel Nicholson, esq. comiao- 
Jore and senior officer in th« navy of the United 
States, tlied at his residence in the navy yard at 
Charlestown, 29 December, 1813, in the 69 year 
of his age. Ho was a lieutenant with Paul Jones 
esq. in the frigate, Bun ilomme Richanl, at the 
lime of her engjjgemcnt with the Serapis. 

628. Nolt. — The rev. Joseph Robert?, gradu- 
ated at Harvard c<jilege in 1741, who had been in 
tlie ministry at Leicester, departed this life, in Wes- 
ton, at the age of 91 years, on the 30 of April, 1311. 

C29. iVd/e.— The rev. Samuel Parkek, the 
first minister ordained at Province-Town on Cape 
Cod, was a native of Great Marshes, the western 
parish ia Barnstable. He had his education at Har- 
vard college, t!ie usual honours of which lie receiv- 
ed in 176" and 1771. He died, on the 11 of April, 
1811, in the 70 year of his age and the S8 of his 
paftorate. He was a man of great humility and 
diffidence. His days were spent in usefulness 
among the people of his charge and he enjoyed their 
affection and esteem to the close of life. 


530. Here is interred the body of doctoi 


Samuel Weld, son of the rer. Habiiah 
Weld and Maiy, his wife, who deceased, 
15 June, 1 767, in the 21 year of his age. 

JVoie. — Doctor Welti was an amiable, intelligent 
and promising young man. He attended to a course 
of medical insii-uction under the tuition of doctoi- 
Sohier of Newbury, ^nd died of a consumptive com- 
plaint, as did most of his sisters. [See art. 118.] 
The following is a description of his family arms, as 
I'ecorded ia Guillim's Display of Heraldry. 

"Hebeaieth azure, a fess nebule between three 
•crescents, ermine, by the name «f Weld, and is the 
paternal coat armour of Humphrey Weld, of Lul- 
worth Castle in Dorsetshire, esquire, governour of 
his majesty's isle and castles of Portland and Sands- 
foot; lineally descended from Edrick Sylvaticus, 
alias Wild, a Saxpii of great renown in the reigns 
of King Harold and William the conqueror, whose 
father, Alfrick, was brother to Edrick of Stratton, 
duke of Mercia." 


Page 148, line 26, after superior to, erase thai of, 

168, line 14, for tunc, read nunc. 

—2:22, line 21, for New Jersey, read Wiltning- 

tonin Delaware. 
^225, line 9, for son, read nephew. 


ADAMS; Henry, Quii;cj, Mags, 
i\(liiiiS, Thomas, Med'ield, Mass. 
Altlon, John, DuxboroUJih. 3Iass. 
Alden, .lonathan, Duxborongh, Mass 
Aldfii, Samuel, Diixborough, Mass. 
Aifloii, Xoali, Bflliiigham, Mass. 
Aldpii, Vibencrer, Kari(l")l|ili, Moss. 
All»»ii. Eleanor, (ireenland, N. H. 
Ai'thorp, ' harles, Boston, Mass. 
Aslilou, i'hilip, Maiblehead, Mass. 
Bi(C4;}i, I'bpnezer, Barnstable, iMass. 
Baldwin, *l')ses. Palmer, Mass. 
BiiHaid, I'd ward J. U. S. A. 
Batps, loshua, l)edham, Mass. . 
B urn, Sheara.-hub, Roxbnry, Mass. 
E iirne, William, Marblehead, Mass. 
B w\ r.iiigPhilip's, Boston, IMass 
B' yd, William, Boston, Mass. 
Bradford. W'llliam. Plyraonth, Mass. 
Braiistreot, Simon, Marbloliead, Mass. 
Biainerd, David, Nortliaiiipton, Mass. 
Broome, .Tames M. U. S. A. 
Brown, Flisha, Boston, Mass. . 
Bryant, Lemuel and others, Ouincy, Mass. 
Biickminster, Joseph S. Boston. Mass. 
Ghanniug, I'Vancis D. Boston, Mass. 
Chauncy, Isaae, Hadley. Mass. 
Cheever, Ezekiel, Boston, Mass. 
Cheever, Samuel, iMarblehead, 51 ass. 
Chfever, Ames, Manchester, Mas^. 
Church in Suramcr-vtrcet. Boston, Mass. 
Clark, Thomas, Plymouth, Mass. 
Cotton,. Tosiah, Plymouth, Mass. 
Cotton, John, Plymouth. Mass. . 
Court-House in Worcester, 1^1 ass. 
Covvell, John (i. Valparaiso, S. A. 
Crafts, Susannah, Ruxbnry, Mass. 
Cranch, Eicbard, and wife, Quincy, Jlasis. 


tnshraan, Thomas, Plymouth, Mass. 
Dana, Francis, Cambridge, Mass. 
Davi?, Daniel, Barnstable, Mass. 
Davis, Tlioina.s, Boston, Mass. . 
Dawes, TlKniia.s, Boston, ^Iase. . 
Dexter, Samuel, Dcilliam, .Mass. . 
Dickenson, Obadiah, Hatfield, Mass. 
Dudley, Thomas, Roxbury, Mass. 
Dunbar, Samuel, Canton, Mass. . 
Dunster, Henry, Cambridge, Mass. 
Dwight, Tim«thy, Dedhani, Mass. 
Eaton, Nathaniel, Cambridge, Mass. 
Eckiey, Thomas, Hanover, N. J. 
Eckley, Katharine, Hanover, N. J. 
Eckiey, Joseph, Boston, Mass. . 
-Eelles, Nathaniel, Scituate, Mass. 
Eliot, .John, Boston, Mass. 
Emerson, William, Boston. Msss. 
J-'aneuil-Hall, Boston, Mass. 
xarrell, Andrew Plymouth, Mass 
Flynt, Henry, Q,uincy, Mass. . 
Galley, The Notinghani. Boon Island 
Gay, Joel, Koxbury, Mass. 
Glover John, Marblehead, Mass. 
Goddard, Captain, I'raiiin^ham, Mass 
Green, Joseph, and others, Yarmouth, .Mass 
Grist^John, and wife, Marblehead, Mass. 
Hancock, John, and others, ftuincy, Mass 
Karris, Samuel, Cambridge, Mass, 
Hastings, John, Hatfield. Mass. . 
Hawley, Joser !i, Northampton, Mass. 
Hawley, Gideon, Manssapee, Mass. 
Heath, Wiiliam, Roxbury, Mass. 
Hersey, Abner, Barnstable, 3Iass. 
Hoar, Leonard, Gtuincy, Mas.s. . 
Hobart, Priscilla, Plymouth, Mass. 
Hndge, Nicholas, Newbui-yport, Mass 
Holyoke, Edward, Cambridge, Mass. 
Hoiyoie, Margaret, Cambridge, Mass, 


Hoolcev, John, Northampton, Mass. . . 485 

Il".;|)er. Rnbert, ''liirblehead, Mass. . . 522 

Hopkins, Samuel, West Spriiigtield, Mass. . A92 

Hopkinc, Samuel, lladiey, Mass. . . 49S 

Hopkius, Samuel, Newbuiy, V'cj. . . 494 

Howe. Isaac, Framingliaiii, iMass. . . 4,'>1 

Hubbard lohn, Nnrtliiield, Ma,ss. . . 501 

Hunt, .lohn, .Vorthampton, Mass. . . 480 

Johnson, Ichrtbod, Cluincy, Mass. . . 445 

Joy. lohn. Bo'-ton, .Mass 557 

Kendall, Sarah, Plymouth, Mass. . . 619 

Kneeland, William, Camliridge, Mass. . 535 

JLawrence, James, U. S. A. . . . . 533 

Le Baron, Lazarus, Plymouth, Ma«s. . 612 

Leonard, Nathaniel, Plymouth, Mass. . 607 

Leverett, lohn, Cambridije, Mass. . . 528 

Loring, Israel, Sudbury, Mass. . . . 450 

Loring, AVilliani, Naushaun Island, . . 59S 

Lothrop, Isaac, Plymouth, .VIa.«s. . . 609 

Lowell, .Tohn, Roxbury, .Mass. . . . 582 

Ludlow Augustus C. U. S. A. . . . 584 

M- Keaii. Joseph, Cambiid.i:e, Mass. . . 539 
Mann, Bezaleel,and wife, Attleijorough, Mass. 467 

Mann, Herbert, Attleborouj^h, Mass. . . 458 

Maiisield, Isaac, Marblehead, Mass. . . 516 

Mansneld, Ruth i^Iarblehead, Mass. . • 517 

Mansi'old. Mary, .Marblehead, iMass. . .- 518 

Marblehead Seamen, 'exploits ol' several, . 579 

Marsh. Thomas, Cambridge. Mass. . . .534 

Maxcy, Cesar, Attleb;)rough, Mass. . . 469 

Mary, F.lisha, Attleborough, Mass . . 471 

Mayhew, 'eremiah Xew-Bedtbrd, Mass . 591 

]^^onis, ludah, Northborough, Mass. . . 536 

Morril, Isaab. R »xbury, Mass. . . . 462 

Morrill, Isaac, Wilmington, Mass. . . 510 

M'.rton, N^athaniel, Plymouth, Mass . . 605 

IMiiilins, William, i^lyraoulh. Mass. . . 604 

Mug, ciovcruoiii Winlhrop's . . . 542 

I^auhaught, Elibha, Yarmouth, Mass. . . 601 


JVTeal, James A. Greenland, N. H. 
Jn icholson, Samuel, C harlestown, Mass. 
Kiles, Samuel, Abington, Ma^s. 
Orne, Azor, Marblchead, Mass. 
Packer, Klizabeth, Greenland, N. H. . 
Page, .Jctavius A. U.S. A -. 

Paine, Robert T. jun. Boston, Mass. . 
Parker, Samuel, Province-Town, Mass. 
Parsons, Tlieophilus, Boston, Mass. 
Partrids^e, Oliver, F:atfield, iNlass. 
Partridge, Anna, Hatfield, Mass. 
Payb.idy, Elizabeth, Little Corapton, R. I. 
Pilgrims of Leyden, Plymouth, Mass. 
Porter, F^eazer, Hadley, Mass. 
Prentiss, Thomas, Medfield. 
Quincy, Edmund, Bunhill Fields, London, 
Quin'cy, Josiah, jun. Quincy, Mass. . 
Reed, Mary, Brooktield, Mass 
Richardson, John, Newbury, Mass. 
Robbins, Chandler, Plymouth, 3lass. . 
Robbins, .Tane, Plymouth, Mass. 
Roberts, Joseph, Weston, Mass. 
Robinson, John, Leyden, Europe. 
Russell, Hadley, Mass. 
Savage, Thomas, Boston, Mass. 
Savage, .Tohn, Barnstable, Mass. 
Sedgwick, Theodore, Stockbridge, Mass. 
Sewall, Stephen, Cambridge, Mass. 
Shaw, Oakes, Barnstable, Mass. 
Shaideigh, Samuel, ( amuridge, Mass. . 
Sheafe, Jacob, Boston, Slass. 
Shirley, Frances, Boston, Mass. 
Spooner, Joshua, Brookfield, Mass. 
Sti'ddard, Solomon, Northampton, JNIass. 
Stoddard, .Tohn, and wife, Northampton, M 
Story, Isaac, Marblehead, Mass. 
String. Caleb, Northampton, Mass. . 
Str ng, Phebe, Norih;>ir.pton, Mas^. . 
Strong, Simeon, Amherst, Mass, 



TFiacher, Thomas, Boston, Mass. 

Tln.cliei-, Peter, Attleborough, Mass. . 

TliMcher, Thomas, Deilham, Mass. 

Thayer, Elienezer, Braintree, Mass. . 

Thayer, Elihii, Kingston, N. H. 

Tmi:)[jsoii. iidward, Marshficid, Mass. 

Tii|>pan, Christopher, Newbury, Mass* 

Trevett, Sarah, Boston, Mass. 

Tucker, John, Newhiiry, Mass. 

Vas'all.banmcl. Boston, Ma?s, 

WadsMorth, John, Cambridge, Mass. • 

Walker, Jacob, Hatfield, .Mass. 

AV'arncr, George, I.aguna, S. A. 

"Writson, George, Plymontli, Mass. 

"Webber, Samuel, Cambridge, Mass* 

Weld, Tliomas, Ro^bury, :Mas.s. 

Weld, Thomas. Pioxbuiy, Mass. 

WpM. Edmund, inniskcan, Ireland. 

Weld, Thomas, Roxbiiry, Mass. 

Weld, Samuel, Altleborougli, T<Ta«s. . 

W -st, ''amnel. New Bedford, M;'^£. . 

AVfst, Samuel, Boston, Mass. . 
White, Peret:rine, Marshfiel,d, JIaE,s. 
While, William A. 17. S. A. . " . 
Wilder, Esther, Attleborongh, Mass. 
Willard, .Toseph, Cambridge, Mass. . 
Will'ird, Jacob S. Cambridge, Mass. » , 
Williams, William, Hatfield, Mars. . 
Wiiliaras, Israel, Hatfield, Mass. . . 
William'!, Sarah, Hatfield, Mass. . . 
WiMiams, Stephen, Long Meadow, Mass. 
Vv'iMiaras, Warham. Waltliuni, Ma^if. . 
Williams, Chester, Hadley, IMass. 
W:iigate, John, North Hampton, N. H 
"^""inihrop, John, and others, Boston, Ma^s. 
^^./■.lb•idge, Timothy, Hatfield, Mass. 
■^T. misted, Robert, JJarblehcid, Mass. 

'*■'.. fiiiitcd, Martha, MarblehcaJ, Mass 

1GN» O? TOJ.. ITI. 




>G;tCAL i^OOK 

OK & S.\^ 

'^ .'0/ jab in 

The Fai' 

!!^,; ^ 1 

'■f ' li-!U;r9 to ■' i' id' ' , 'y< \\i:- C. i