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Full text of "A collection of ordinances and regulations for the government of the royal household, made in divers reigns : from King Edward III to King William and Queen Mary, also receipts in ancient cookery"

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FROM THE 
BATES FUND 



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(a C O L L E C T I o n 



O F 



ORDINANCES and REGULATIONS 



FOR THE 



GOVERNMENT of the ROYAL HOUSEHOLD, 



MADE IN DIVERS REIGNS. 



FROM KING EDWARD III. to KING WILLIAM and QUEEN MARY« 



ALSO 



RECEIPTS IN ANCIENT COOKERY. 




L a N D o k; 

PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES BY JOHN NICHOLS : 

SOLD BY MESSIEURS WHITE AND SON; ROBSON; LEIGH AND SOTHEBY ; 

BROWNE; AND EGERTON'S. 
MDCCXC. 



C iii 3 



At a council of th» SOCIETY of ANTIQUARIES, 

JUNE 29, 1787. 

It was Resolved, 

THAT the MS. intitled, Liber Niger Dojriiis Regis Angiins, or the 
Black Book of the Compting-Honfe of King Edward IV. (a tranfcript 
whereof is ia the Library of this Society,) appearing to contain much 
curious information relative to the Houfehold Eftablifliments of our 
Ancient Kings, and the ufages of former times, be prepared for the 
Prefs, and printed at the expence of this Society. And that the Rev. 
Dr. Loit, Islr. Gough, Mr. Topham, and Mr. Brand, be appointed a 
Committee to fuperintend the collating that Cony with ilich other 
Tranfcripts as they iliall think neceliary, and the printing thereof 
when collated. 

And th.at tlic faid Committee be delhed to inrp;e5t the Statutes and 
Regulations of the Royal Houfi^diolds in diHerent Reigns, and caufe 
fucli of them to be tranicribed and printed as they iliall thiiik fit. 



a 2 INTRO' 



C V 3 



INTRODUCTION. 



HPHE Volume now laid before the Society, contains a feries of Ordi- 
"*" nances for the government of the Royal Houfehold, from the 
reign of King Edward III. to the reign of King William and Queen 
Mary. Thefe were formed with a view to define the fundlion or duty 
of the officer in the difcharge of the truft repofed in him ; and the 
perquifites and rewards to which he became juftly intitled; and alfo 
to corredt the abufes, which from time to time crept into the offices 
of the Houfehold, from the exercife of encroached power. 

Thefe eftablifliments of our ancient Sovereigns preferve much curious 
and ufeful information ; they fliew the manner in which the Royal 
Perfon was attended upon when in full court, and at publick feftivals, 
and alTemblies ; and how conducted when upon journeys and pro- 
grelTes in the country ; they convey a juft idea of the manner of living 
at the different periods to which they relate ; and of the expence in- 
curred for the fupport of the dignity of our fovereigns and their fa- 
milies ; and they point out the flation, duty, and perquifites, of every 
officer and fervant of the Court, when the office was newly ellablifhed ; 
or when experience made it neceffary to introduce frefh regulations. 



Splendour 



[ vi ] 

SpleiKloar andniagnificence are the confeqnent accompaniments upon 
dignified ftations ; but even in thefe the culloixis of different times had 
great prevalence. We are told by a learned Writer "••'■, that it was the 
manner of the Norm,ans in particular to affect fplendour. " The Kings 
*' of England of that race," he fays, " were exceeding pompous, 
*' both in Court and Camp. In their Court they fliewed their magni- 
*' ficence in the ifatelinefs of their palaces ; the richnefs of their 
" furniture ; the fplendour and number of their retinue ; the plenty 
'' of their provilions ; and the like. The Court was the centre of 
" refort for all the Barons and great men of the realm, who being Peers 
*' of the King's Court, gave, as occafion required, their attendance 
" there, and more particularly, as many of them were inverted with 
" the great offices of the King's Court. The fplendour of the King's 
" Court appeared very much, in the confluence of the nobility and 
"chief men of the realm ; and in the greatnefs of his officers, or 
" minitfers." And, in confirmation of this opinion of the ufage of 
thofe times, the accurate Stow informs us -j-, " that, when William 
" Rufus, being returned out of Normandy into England, kept the 
" feaft of Whitfuntide very royally, at Weftminfter, in the New Hall, 
" which he had lately caufed to be built there, being 270 feet in 
" length, and 74 feet in breadth; and having heard it faid that the 
*' Hall was too big, he anfwered, this Hall is not big enough by 
" one half, and is but a Bed-chamber in comparifon of what 1 mind to 
" make." 

King Stephen, we are told J, foon after his acceflion to the 
Throne, and the interment of King Henry I. held a moft fplendid 
Court at Eafter in London. " Rediens autem Rex Stephanus in 

* Madox, In his valuable Hiilory of the Exchequer, Chap. II. Seft. I. 
-|- Stow's Annals, p. 133. 

^ Hoveden, 481, 482. Madox's Hiftory of the Exchequer, Cap. I. of the King's 
Court. 

I " Quadra- 



C vii ] 

" Quadragefima, tenuit curiam fuam apud Londoniara in foleninitate 
*' Pafchali, quae nunquam fuerat fplendidior in Anglia, multitudine, 
*' magnitudine, auro, argento, gemmis, velUbus, onmimoda dap- 
« filitate.'' 

" It would require a long treatife," fays the faithful Mathew Paris % 
'' to defcribe the aftonifliing fplendour, magnificence, and feftivitv, 
" with which the nuptials of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, and Cincia, 
'* daughter of Raimund, Earl of PJrovence, were celebrated, at Lon- 
«' don, in the year 1243. To give Ibme idea of it in a few 
<^ words, above 30,000 diflies were ferved up at the Marriage 
<* Dinner." 

But the nuptials of Alexander III. King of Scotland, and the Princefs 
Margaret of England, were folemnized at York in the year 1252, with 
iKll greater pomp and profulion. ** If I attempted," fays the fame ele- 
gant hiftorian, " to difplay all the grandeur of this folemnity, the 
*' numbers of the noble and illuftrious guells, the richnefs and variety 
<^ of the dreffes, the fumptuoufnels of the feafts, the multitudes of the 
*' minftrels, mimicks, and others, whofe bulinefs it was to amufe and 
*' divert the company ; thofe who were not prefent, would imagine 
*' that I was impofing upon their creduUty. One particular will enable 
*'* them to foi'm a judgement of the whole. The Archbilliop of 
*' York made the King of England a prefent of iixty fat oxen ; which 
" made only one article of provilion for the marriage-feaft, arid were 
*' all confumed at that entertainment." 

King Edward I, ^preparatory to his Coronation- feaft in 1274, ^^^" 
rented his precepts to X the flieriffs of feveral counties, " to purchafe 

* Mathew Paris, Edit. 1684, p. 53. 
•f Rymer's Feed. torn. II. p. 21. 

h 2 and 



[ viii ] 

** and fead up to London, 278 bacon hogs, 450 porkers, 440 fat oxen, 
*' 430 Iheep, 22,600 hens and capons, and 13 fat goats.'' 

The fplendour and hofpitality of the Court of King Richard II. was 
fuch that, we are told ^'> " wherefoever he lay, his perfon was guarded 
"by 200 men ; he had about him thirteen bi(hops ; befides barons, 
"knights, cfquires, and others; infomuch that to the Houfehold came 
** every day to meat, 1 0,000 people." 

The excefs of diet and provifions had become fo great, and the con- 
fequences were likely to prove fo detrimental to the nation, that King 
Edward II. in the ath year of his Reign, found it necefTary to iffue a 
proclamation to reftrain it. This Ordinance ftated.-j- , '* that, by the out- 
" rageous and excefiive multitude of meats and dillies, which the great 
'* men of the kingdom ufed in their caftles, and by perfons of inferior 
** rank imitating their example, beyond what their ftations required, 
^ and their circumftances could afford, many great evils had come 
<* upon the kingdom, the health of the King's fubje6ts had been 
<* injured, their property confumed, and they had been reduced to 
«< poverty ; but the King being defirous to put a flop to fuch excefTes, 
« with the advice and confent of his Great Council, had ordained ; 
" That the great men of the kingdom fliould have only two courfes 
« of fiefh meats ferved up to their tables ; each courfe conlifting only 
« of two kinds of flefli meat : except Prelates, Earls, Barons, and the 
<* great men of the land, who might have an intermeat (u^e entre^ 
«^< meje J) of one kind of meat if they pleafed. On fifli days they 

* Stow's Annals, p. 323, 

\ Ryley's placita Parliamentarra,p. 552, from the Claufe Roll of 9 Edvv. II. m. 26. dorfo, 
\ Thefe intenpeats feem to have confided of delicacies introduced between the courfes^ 
and defigned rather for gratifying the tafte than for fatisfying hunger. 

« fhoiild 



[ ix ] 

" (hould only have two cotirfes of fifli, each confining of two kinds, 
" with an intermeat of one kind of fifh, if they thought fit. And thofe 
"'who Ihould tranfgrefs this ordinance lliould be feverely puniflied." 

Thefe inllances and authorities are fufficient to give fome idea of the 
profufion and hofpitaUty which prevailed in the Houfeholds of fome of 
our former Monarchs; and point out the necelfity of forming Regulations 
for the government of thofe who were employed therein. Of thefe 
regulations and eftablifliments^ we will now proceed to give a concife 
account. 

The Houfehold Book of King Henry II. preferved in the Black Book 
of the Exchequer, is printed by Mr. Hearne, Liber Niger, vol. I. p. 341 ; 
which makes it unneceffary to infert it in this Collection. The duty and 
perquilites of the officers are there briefly Hated. But no complete 
account occurs previous to the reign of King Edward I. A moil curious 
one of the 30th year of that reign, hath been already published by 
this Society ; but in that valuable Record, the department of the Houfe- 
hold is wanting. 

The firft Eftablifhment here printed '•••, is of King Edward III. from 
the I 8th to the 2 ift year of his reign, and comprifes both the war and 
peace expences, chiefly thofe of the army and navy ; but not any 
ftatutes or regulations for the government of the Houfehold, which are 
the principal objedls of this Colledtion. 

The next is the Houfehold of King Henry VI. in the 33d year of 
his reign i ; but this contains little more than the number and names 

* Edward III. p. 3 — 12. 
•f- Henry VI. p. 15 — 24, 

of 



[ X ] 

of the different officers and fervants allotted by the Lords of the Coun- 
cil for his Majefty's fervice during his illneli. 

The next are the Ordinances for the government of the perfon of 
Prince Edward ■••, fon of King Edward IV. and of his HoufehoJd and 
Officers ; which contain many curious particulars. 

Then follow the Orders and Rules of the Houfe of thePrincefs Cecill, 
mother of King Edward IV f . which fliew the manner of living of a 
lady of high rank at that period of time. 

The next in order of time, is the *' Liber Niger Domus Regis 
*' ANGLiyE," or the " Black Book of the Houfehold," compiled in the 
Reign of King Edward IV J; which being more full than any of the for- 
mer, and all the fubfequent Ordinances and Regulations having refer- 
ence to this work, it will be ufeful to give a more minute account of 
what it contains. 

The compiler of the exordium or introduction to the Houfehold-book 
of King Edward IV §. treats upon the neceffity there is for great 
Monarchs to have large Houfehold Eflabliffiments. He delcants upon 
the wifdom of King Solomon, in the obfervance of good rules, appoint- 
ments, and ordinances by his Minifters, which fupported his fplendoiir 
and magnificence, and gained the affection of his people. In England, 
he inftances King Lud, as being famous for his houfehold and great 
hofpitality. King Caffibellan, he tells us, for one feltival Hew, 
40,000 kyne and oxen; 100, oco ffieep ; 30,000 deer, and other 



* Prince Edward, p. 27* — 33*. "I- Princefs Cecill, p. 37* — 39*. 

I Edward IV. p. 15 — 86. § P. 15 — 20. 



wild 



C xi ] 

wild beafls of the wood ; befides poultry, wild-fowl and tame, of fea 
and land, with other purveyance of vidluals ; on which occafion were 
introduced mmy difguifings, plays, minftrelfy, and fports. King 
Hardeknute, he calls a father nouriflier of familiarity, famous for the 
great abundance of his provifions, and for cunning cooks in curiofitie. 
King Henry I. bore the fame of an excellent meat-giver, and was re- 
puted by the people as a young Solomon, *' for his riches, great no- 
" blefTe, wifdom, love, and largeife," But the houfe of King Edward III. 
he fays, " was the houfe of very policy, and flower of England ; the 
" firft fetter of certainty among his domefticks upon a grounded rule ; 
" he appointed duties to his offices and officers by a formal and conve- 
*^ nient cuftumal, more certain than was ufed before his time ; he 
'^ framed his new ftatutes, commandments, and charges, upon every 
** officer inward and outward ; and exercifed his ads in honour and 
** and profit to himfelf, and to the favour and great eafe of all his liege 
*' people.*'— Upon the ground-work of thofe Statutes, and to correct 
abufes which had been fubfequently introduced, King Edward IV. with 
the advice of his Great-Council, of Lords Spiritual and Temporal, the 
Cardinal of Canterbury, George Duke of Clarence, Richard Duke of 
Gloucefter, the wife and difcreet Judges, and other well-advifed and 
learned men of England in all improvements, many of them having 
long time had great knowledge of the expence and conduct of King's 
houfes, upon many prudent proofs, and long ftudied deliberations, by 
their whole aflent formed the inllrudions which are contained in that 
book ; wherein the Royal Court is defined to confift of all intermix- 
tures, weighed by wifdom and worlhip, profit and reafon, anfwering 
to every ftate and degree ; vv hereby every officer fhould have fufficient 
power in all truth to perform the King's fervice honourably ; fo that 
the King fliould have his goods and provifions duly expended, but not 
wafted. 

After 



[ xii ] 



After thus ftating the motives for forming this Bonk, and the manner 
in which it was made; the compiler proceeds to ftate *, the annual 
charge of the Royal Ertablilhment contained therein, to amount to 
T 3,000 /. Under the leveral heads of Diet for the Houfehold for general 
ufe, and on extraordmary feftivals ; for wines of different kinds-^obla- 
tions — rewards and fees — for horfes and carriages — wages of the 
keepers of hawks, falcons, and other amufements : and for robes 
for knights, officers, efquires, clerks, valets, pages, and inferior fer- 
vants — The fervices of meat and drink of all forts, for the King's Royal 
Perfon — the allowance of lights and fire for his rooms and chamber — 
and of litter and ruflies for his bed5 and palletts — the offerings to be 
made by the King on the principal feftivals of the year; viz. at Chrift- 
mas, Eafler, Whitfuntide, and All-hallow-tide, of 6 s. 8d. called a 
noble of gold ; and for his daily offerings to the Dean of the Chapel, a 
plate of gold of the value of feven-pence — alfo the offerings to the 
Crofs on Good Friday; for medicinable rings of gold and filver, delivered 
to the Jewel-Houfe — and the yearly offering at the flirine of St. Tho- 
mas, at Canterbury, in the name of Chyvyage, three florins of gold, 
from the privy coffers. 

The officers attendant upon the King's Chamber, are appointed to 
be, the Camberlain ; the Confeffor; Knights; Chaplains; Squires for 
the Body ; Phifitian and Surgeon ; Gentlemen-ufliers ; Yeomen of the 
Robes, of the Beds, of the Crown, and of the Chamber ; and Grooms 
waiters ; and fuch i\rangers as fiiould be thought fit to be admitted. 

* P. 21. 



The 



xm 



The account * then ftates the Eftablifhment and al- 
lowance for a Queen in Court, to be 40 s. a day for diet 
for her own perfon ; and i2d. a day each for 100 at- 
tendants ; making in the whole, ■ 

For a Prince, being heir apparent to the Crown, for 
his own diet 30 s. a day, and for 50 attendants I2d. a 
day. 

For a Duke, and 240 attendants, 

For a Marquis, and 200 attendants^ 

For an Earl, with 140 fervants, 

For a Vifcount, with 80 fervants, 

For a Baron, with 40 fervants. 

For a Bannerett, with 24 fervants. 

For a Knight of the Houlehold, with 16 fervants, 

For a Squire of the Houlehold, with 6 fervants, 



per annum. 
1. s. d. 



}>2555 o 



1560 o o 

4000 o a 

3000 o o 

2000 o o 

1000 o o 

500 o o 

200 o- o 

100 o o 

50 o o 



The Account then defines the particular duty of every officer in the 
Court ; and their allowance for Diet ; wine and ale ; lire and lights ; 
wages; liveries; number of fervants; and all other perquilites, to 
which they were intitled. 

Thefe officers are exprelTed to be a Bifliop ConfelTor; the Chan- 
cellor of England ; the Great Chamberlain of England ; the Chitf 
Judge of the Common Pleas ; the King's Chamberlain ; Bannerets ; 
Knights ; Secretaries ; Chaplains ; Efquires of the Body ; Keepers of 
the Wardrobe ; Gentlemen Ufliers ; Yeomen of the Crown; Grooms- 
of the Chamber ; Pages of the Chamber ; Officers of the Jewel- 
Houfe; the Phylician, Surgeon, Apothecary, and Barber, of the 
King; the Henxmen; Efquires of the Houfehold; Kings of Arms; 



* P. 24. 

G 



Heralds, 



[ xiv ] 

Heralds, and Purfuivants ; Serjeants of Arms; Minftrells ; Waiters 
and Melfengers ; the Dean of the Chapel, Chaplains, and Clerks ; 
Yeomen and Children of the Chapel ; Clerk of the Clofet ; Mafter 
of Grammar; Office of Veftiary ; Clerk of the Crown; Clerk of the 
Market j and Clerks of the Works. 

Another divifion '■■ gives the duties and perquifites of the Officers of 
the Houfehold ; namely, the Steward ; the Treafurer ; the Comptrol- 
ler ; and the Cofferer ; who are called the Sovereigns or Rulers of the 
Houfehold. — The Clerks of the Green-cloth ; Clerks of the Comptrol- 
menr, and the Compting-houfe ; the Bake-houfe ; the Pantry ; Wafery ; 
Butlery ; Purveyors of the Wine ; of the Cellars ; Butlery of Ale ; 
Pitcher-Houfe and Cup-Houfe ; Ale-takers ; of the Spicery, Confec- 
tionary, Chandlery, Ewery ; of the Nappery, or linen department ; 
and the Laundry. 

George, Duke of Clarence. The ordinances made for the rule and 
guiding of the Houfehold, of George Duke of Clarence, next follow, 
and contain many curious regulations for the conduct of his officers 
and attendants ; and the eftimated proportions and charges, for the 
fupply of the Houfehold, with wines, meat, and proviHons of ail forts, 
for a whole year. This eftablifliment includes the expence of the 
ftables ; wages and fees of the Houfehold ; alms ; and gowns for the 
officers; and amounts only to 4505 1. 14s. io|d. 

The names, quantity, and price of the fpices therein allowed, are 
particularly curious, becaufe they point out thofe which were known, 
and then in ufe. 

* ^'55—^5' f P. 89— 105. 

The 



C XV ] 

The Articles appointed by King Henry VII. * define the duty of the 
Gentlemen Ulhers, and direct the order of fitting in flate of the nobles 
of the realm, in the prefence of the Sovereign, upon all publick occa- 
licns and feftivals of the year. The manner of proceeding at the Co- 
ronation of a King, and of a Queen ; the deliverance of a Queen, and 
preparing of the royal bed ; the chriftening of a Prince or Princefs, 
and arraying the child ; the creation of a Prince ; the marriage of a 
Princefs ; and the burying of a Prince, or of a perfon of high rank. 
Thefe articles are very fall, and contain a minute defcription of the 
ceremonies they relate to. 

The Statutes made at Eltham the 7th of Henry VIII. t were devifed- 
by the King, with the advice of his Council, for the eftablilliment of 
good order, and the reformation of fundry errors and mifufes in his 
moft honourable Houfehold and Chamber. Thefe Statutes confift of 
79 Chapters, and dire(fl: the attendance and condu6t of the different 
officers of the court. After which, follows the declaration of Boiiche of 
Court X^ exprefling the particular articles of diet, wine, and other things, 
to be ferved to every perfon being of the Ordinary of the King's Houfe- 
hold according to their refpedlive degrees. The names of the officers 
are given with their payments and falaries : alfo the name of the disfhes 
ferved up in meffes to the royal table § at dinner and fupper, on flefli 
days, and on fifii days ; and the quantity and price of every article fo 
provided. The tables for all the different officers and fervants then 
follow, cxpreifing in like manner the number of meffes, and the price 
of each mefTe to be ferved at dinner and fupper, at the refpedfive tables. 
The expence of tlie flables is iikewife given; fhewing the number of 

* King Henry VII. p. 109 — 133. \ Henry VIII. p. 137 — 240. 

X i'- i62. § P. 174. 

c 2 horfeSj 



[ xvi ] 

horfes, and beds for fervants, every officer was entitled to have provi- 
fion made for ^vithin the Court. To thefe are added fiibfequent 
regulations, made at different times in the fame reign, to explain and 
amend fomc of the articles before devifed. 

The annual expence of the eftablifliment of Queen Elizabeth, both 
civil and military about the year 1578, is given * ; which comprifes 
the names and, payment of every particular office at that time. A book 
containing the oaths of the Lieutenant and Standard Bearer, and the 
fervice and duties of the Gentlemen Penlioners in 1601, then follow t. 
And the Book of the Houfehold of Queen Elizabeth in the 43d year of 
her reign J; delivered to King James I. upon his acceffion to the crown. 
This book contains the names, duties, and perquifites, of the different* 
offices and officers. 

Ordinances for the governing and ordering the King's Houfehold 
made the 17th of July, 1604, 2d James I. + to dirainifli the expence of 
the tables, by reducing the number of the diflies, and allowing board 
wages to many of the offices in lieu of their tables. Thefe ordinances 
likewife reitrain the confumption of the wines, more efpecially the wine, 
called Jacke ; which is faid to have been nfed rather for wantonnefs 
and furfeiting, than for neceflity, to a walfeful expence ; the confump- 
tion of that wine was therefore limited to twelve gallons a day. Bouge 
of Courts or Diet, to the Ordinary of the Houfehold is then declared, 
according to their refpecStive degrees. 

The affignation of the Lands and Revenues appointed for the fupport 
of Prince Henry, the 9th of May, 1610 || : this amounts to ^19,322, 
yj". 7^. per annum. Then follows the allowance of diet, wages, board- 

"^ Queen Elizabedi, p. 241 — 275. -j- P. 276 — 280. % J'^mes I. p. 299 — 312. 

.{i Piiace Henry, p. 313 — n^. 

wages, 



[ xvii ] 

wages, rewards, and liveries belonging to the Chaniber, Houfehold, and 
Stables ; and the Bouge of Court to be ferved to every perfon within 
tlie Court of that Prince : and the orders to be obferved in his High- 
nelTes Chapel and Chamber : the allowance for the Prince's own table, 
for breakfaft, dinner, fupper, and collation after fupper, on iiefh and 
liHi days, are given at p, 317. 

Orders and Regulations for the government of the Queen's Houfehold 
made May i, 1627 '••- ; figned by their Majefties : and further Orders 
ligned in November, 163 1. Thefe Orders point out the duty of the 
officers and fervants of the Queen in the Guard-chamber; the Prefence- 
chamber ; the Privy-chamber ; the Withdrawing-chamber ; the Bed- 
chamber; and the Privy-clofet ; and the oaths to be taken by the re- 
fpedive officers : and a lift of thole upon her Majeftys eftabliffiment. 

Ordinances made by King Charles II. for the government of his 
Houfehold t. Thefe Ordinances diredl the manner of preparing in- 
firm perfons^ who reforted to the King's Court to be healed ; and renew 
the ancient order, *' that if any of the Court fliould be reputed to be a 
" prophane perfon, a^ outrageous rioter, a ribald, a notorious drunkard, 
" fwearer, railer, or quarreller, a fugitive from his matter, a bankrupt, 
'< fufpecSted for a pilferer or a thief, or otherwife fo vitious and unman- 
" nerly as to be \mfit to live in virtuous and civil company, he fliould 
*' be convened before his fuperior officer to be examined, and thereupon 
" admoniflied or puniQied as caufe Ihould require ; and fuch as were 
" found incorrigible to be banhhed the Court." And ordain that none 
fliould be recommended or admitted to any office or place of fervice in 
Court who was not a feemly perfon, of honeft birth and fitting educa- 
tion, well difpofed in religion^ and of virtuous and fober carriage. 



Queen Confort, p. 340 — 351. -f- King Charles II. p. 352 — 379. 

3 Thefe 



[ xviii ] 

Thefe Ordinances then define the duty of the Yeomen of the Guard, 
the Gentlemen Ufliers, Daily-waiters, and Quarter-waiters ; the Band 
of Penfioners ; in the Clofet, Chapel, Privy-chamber, Privy-gallery, 
Bed-chamber, Wardrobe, Council-table, and Waiters table. And there 
are additional regulations made in the fame reign, for the Gentlemen 
Ufliers ; which point out many particulars of the duty of thofc officers. 

The Eftablifliment of the Houfehold of King William and Queen Mary, 
A. D. 1689^', with refpedt to the yearly charge for their Majeflies Diet, 
and incidents for Houfekeeping ; of wages and board-wages to the of- 
ficers and fervants of the Houfe, Chambers, and Stables ; the expence of 
the Chapel ; provifions for horfes; and allowances, ftipends and pen- 
lions to old and fupernumerary fervants and widows. By this account 
it appears, that the charge for their Majefties diet or table, was 
^3,400, per annum. And that the yearly expence of the whole of 
the Eftablifliment, for the feveral departments h^re fpecified, was 
76,0381. 14s. od.. 

Then follow fome ordinances to be obferved for regulating the Ac- 
compts and the well governing of the Houfe; commanding that all 
Ordinances, Rules, Articles, and dired^ions whatever, exprefTed and fet 
down in former Books of Eftablifliment, which might be ufeful for the 
King's fervice^ fliould be continued and obferved ; and the fame were 
thereby ratified and confirmed. 

With this Eftablifhment it hath been thought fit to terminate the. 
feries of thefe curious and interefting documents.. 



* P. 38c— 421.. 

It 



[ xix 3 

It may be proper to obferve, that the Copy from whence thefe Col- 
lections have been printed, hath been compared and collated with all 
the authentick tranfcripts of the refpeClive Ordinances which could 
be found in the Britilh Mufeuni and other Repofitories. The Ortho- 
graphy of the Originals hath been carefully preferved ; and notwith- 
ftanding the language may at the firft view appear to be difficult in 
fome parts, and the meaning obfcure to the modern reader, yet, it is 
hoped, that the attentive perufer of thefe Records will readily compre- 
hend their general fignification ; and will receive inftru(5lion and amufe- 
ment from the comparifon to be made between the phrafeology of the 
different periods of time which thefe collections relate to. 

The Specimens of Ancient Cookery, added to thefe documents, will 
greatly affift us in forming an idea in what manner many of the 
Diflies mentioned to be ferved to the Royal tables, were compofed and 
prepared ; and on that Account will not be deemed an improper Supple- 
ment to thefe Collections. — Many Umilar Receipts may be found in 
that curious morfel of Antiquity, called " the forme of Curf printed 
from a MS. in the polfeffion of the late Guftavus Brander, Efq. and 
elucidated by the labour and ingenuity of our learned Brother the 
Rev. Samuel Pegge, A. M. ; where much curious information on the 
fubjeCt of Ancient Cookery may be feen. 



TABLE 



C xxi ] 



TABLE. 

OF THE 

ROYAL HOUSEHOLD ESTABLISHMENTS. 

I. TTOUSEHOLDof King Edward III. in Peace and War, from the 
XX 1 8th to the 2ift year of his Reign. From a MS. in the Harleian 
Library, N" 782, p. 62 — 71, bu • - - p. i — 12 

IL Ordinances of the Houfehold of King Henry VI. in the 53d year of his 

Reign, A. D. 1455. From the Cotton Library, Cleopatra, F. v. p. 170. *i^ — ^24 

in. Ordinances for the Government of Prince Edward, Son of King Edward 
IV. made the 27th of September, m the 13th year of Edward IV. 
A. D. 1474. ... - *25—*33 

IV. Orders and Rules of the Houfe of the Princefs Cecill, Mother of King 

Edward IV. From a MS. at the Board of Greencloth, St. James's, - *35 — *39 

V. Liber Niger Domus Regis Edward IV. From a MS. in the Harleian Li- 
brary, N" 642, fol. 1 — 196, - - . 13 — 86 

VI. Ordinances for the Houfehold of George Duke of Clarence, A. D, 

1469, From a MS. in the Library of the Society of Antiquaries, - 87 — 105 

VII. Articles Ordained by King Henry VII. for the Regulation of his Houfe- 
hold, A.D. 1494. From the Harleian Library, N" 642, fol. 198 — 217, 107 — 133 

VIII. Ordinances for the Houfehold, made at Elthara in the 27th Year of 

King Henry VIII. A.D, 1526. From the Harleian Library, N° 642. 135 — 207 

IX. Additions to the Ordinances made at Ekham, - - ao8 — 240 

d X. Queeo 



X. Queen Elizabeth's Annual Expence, Civil and Military, - 241 — 275 

XI. A Book, containing as well the Oath of the Queen's Majefly's Lieu- 
tenant and Standard Bearer, as alfo the Oath and Articles concerning the 
Ordering, Service, and Duties, belonging to her Highnefs's Gentlemen 
Penfioners, Anno 1601. From the Harleian Library, N°6i42, 276 — 28*^ 

XII. The Booke of the f^oufehold of Qaeene Elizabeth, as it was ordered in 
the 4ad yeare of her Ueign ; delivered to our Soveraign Lord King James, 
the firlt yeare of his Raigne ; conteyning the nani^s of all the offices and 
officers belonging to the fame honourable Houfehold. From the Harleian 

Library, N° 642, fol. 219, - - - 281 — 298- 

XIII. Ordinances for the Governing and Ordering of the King's Houfehold, 
figned by King James, the 17th day of July, in the 2d yeare of his Raigne, 

A. D. 1604; from the Harleian Library, N° 642, fol. 228, - 299 — 312 

XIV. The Copy of the affignation of fuch Landes and Revenewes as were, 

appointed for the fupportation of Prince Henry, eldefl fonne to our So- 
veraine Lord King James, the 9th of May, Anno 1610. From the 
Harleian Library, N° 642, fol. 239, - - P* 313— 3^^. 

XV. The copy of the Booke figned by Prince Henry for the allowance 
of Diet, Wages, Boardwages, Rewards, and Lyveries, that were belonging 
unto his Chamber, Houfehold, and Stables, A. D. i6io. From the Har- 
leian Library, N° 642, fol. 241. - - - 317 — 339 

XVI. Orders and Regulations for the Government of the Queen's Houfe- 
hold, made May i, 1627, and figned by their Majeflies. trom a MS. in 

the Library of Thomas Aftle, Efq. - - - 340 — 346- 

XVil. Orders figned by the King and Qiieene's Majeftie, November 1631, 347 — 351. 

XVIII. Ordinances made by King Charles the Second for the Government 
of his Houfehold. Tranlcribed from the Original on vellum, under the 

Royal Sign Manual; in the Library of Thomas Aflle, Efq. - 352 — 367 

XIX. Regulations for the Gentlemen U fliers, in the Reign of KingCharJesIL 

From a MS. in the Library of Thomas Aftle, Efq. - - 368 — 379 

XX. Eflablifliment of the Houfehold of King William and Qiteen Mary, 

A.D. 16S9. From the Harleian Library, N° 5010. - 380 — 422 

7 * HOUSE- 



H a U S E. H O L D 



O F 



KING E D W A R D IE. 







t J 3 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING EDWARD III. 



Here enfuethe the rates of wages of peace and warre, expences necef- 
fary of officers, and other chardges, concerning the howfholde of the 
Prince of noble memorye Edward the Third, as well in tyme of 
peace as warre ; and alfo the nomber of foldiers, as well by land 
as fea, and fhippes reteyned in the warres of the faid Kinge ; as by 
the parcelles of the accompte of Walter Wentwage, treaforer of the 
fame howfliolde, from the 21ft daie of Aprill, in the i8th year 
of the raigne of the faide Kinge, unto the 24th day of November^ 
in the 21 ft year of the faid Kinges raigne. 



The King's Clarkes* 



The Comptroller of the houfliolde, Goferer, 
Almoyner, Clerk of the pantrey and butery, 
Clarke of the fpicery, Clarke Marfliall, I'hifi- 
tian, two clarkes of the wardrobe, three clarkes 
of the privie feale, the Receiver of the Kinges 
chamber, and toure other clarkes ; every man 
at two fliillinges by the daye. Alfo 6 chaplens, 
three of the chappell, the other 3 clarkes of the 
fpicery, th'other clarke of the kytchen, th'other 
Clarke "almoyner, and 1 1 other clarkes, every 
man at lad. the daye, and amongft them all. 



Sergeants at Armes with theire retencw. 



Efquiers of howfliold with theire retenevv. 



Knightes 

Clarkes 

F.fquiers 

Men of Armes 

Archeres on horfc 

Archeres 

Surgeons 



Stander Bearers 
Serjauntes 
Men of Armes 
Archeres on horfe 

v Archeres on foot 

j-Efquieres 
Men of Armes 
Archeres on horfe 
Archeres on foote 
Panews 



154 
2 



> 331 



9* 



•206 



B 



OHicers 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING EDWARD IIL 



OiKcers anci mynyftere? of the howfe with 
their reiinewe. 



MjailrclUs, 



ArtiiHcer^and woikme* 



Marflialles of the hall 

Ufliers of the hall 

Uflicrs of the chamber 

Sewers of tl;e hall 

Herbergers 

Sergauntes of the pantry 

Buttery 

Achatry 

Chandery 

Backhowfe. 

Ewery 

Porters 
I Salfery 

Larder 

Herbengeres 

Poultry 

Ferewrs 
fMafter Cokes 

The Quenes buttler 

Potycaryes 

Taylor 

Officers of Armory 

Armourers 
•f Surveiors of the drefler 

Waferer 

Standerd Berer of the wardrobe 

Archeres on hor-ffe 27 

Yeomen of the Kinge's chamber 9 
Yeomen of the offices 
Meffingers 
Trompettes 
Citolers. 
Pipers 
Taberett: 
Clarions 
1 Makerers- 
Fidelers 
Waytes 

Archers on horfe 
Archers on foot€. 
MaiTons 
Carpinters- 
Coupers 
Smythes 
Ingyners 
PavilPioners 
Marynors 
Armorers 
Arcellers 
^Gonuers 



2, 
I 
6 

2' 
I 



O 
I 

I 

I 

3 
I 

I 

o 

I 

2 J 

1 

2 
I 

2 

I 

I 
I 



79 

17 

5 

I 

5 
I 

2 

I 

I. 

3 
3 

3 

24 

I 

13 

.57 

24 
60 

7 

6 

6 



IZ 



20 



y ^52 



2i 



r^ 34<J 



Mea 



«OUSEH0LD OF KING EDWARD III, 



r 



Men of Armes, Hobilers, and Bowmen« 



Sigittar' de collcc* 



Sagittar' de com' 



Nor the Walem 



Southe Wales. 



Netherlands, 



Ouerlandes. 



Henauders. 



'Men of Arraes 2 

Hobilers 97 

Archers 97 

Archers on foot 15 

f Men of Armes 2 

(^Hobilers. 362^ 

The Kinges Archers. 

'Knighres 2 

Menof Armes,andClarks 158 
Hobilers 2 

Archers on horfe 420 

^ Archers on foots 4502 

Bailives 109 

Armerers 2 

Centeners 1 1 

Venteners. 3 ■57 

r Centeners 
Venteners 5 

Archers on foote 10,1 
Mafonns 
Founders. < 

Knightes 

Efquieres 

Doi^ors 

Conftables 3 

- Chaplins 
^ Surgeons 

Criors 

Standard Bearers 

Vinteners 1 1 

Footemca 22j 

Doflors 

Gonftables 3 

Chaplens 

Surpions 



2ir 

lit 



5445 



»io8o5 



B b 



Criors 

Standard Bearers 

Vinteners 

Foremen 
rTh' Erie of Holftaine 
J Knightes 
j Efquieres 
(_ Panecos 

rTh'ErleofFairbugh 
j Knightes 
j Efquieres 
(^ Panecos 

{Knightes 
Efquieres 
Crosbowes 
Penecers 



2410 



>457* 



2162 



39° 



435 



32- 



825 



Lpreynargo 



Lorcynars. 



The Klngcs 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING EDWARD lH* 



Knights 

Efqaieres 

Panecers 



a 



l.ondon. 

j&ilesford. 

Hoo. 

Maydflon* 

Hope. 

Newhithc. 

Margate. 

Mote, or Mocne. 

Feverfham. 

Sandwich* 
Dover. 
Whight. 
Winchclfey- 

Waymowthe^ 

l.yme» 

Seton. 

Sidmouthc. 

Exmowthe.- 

Tignmowthe*- 

Dertmowihe.. 

Portmowth* 



{ 



J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
r Shippes 
|_ Mariners 
? Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
(_ Mariners 

{Shippes 
Mariners 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners- 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners^ 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners 
Shippes 
Mariners 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners- 
f Shippes 
(_ Mariners 
f Shippes 
i; Mariners 
r Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
l_ Mariners 
Shippes 
Mariner* 

{Shippes 
Mariners* 
f Shippes 
I Mariners. 
Shippes 
Mariners 

(Shippes 
^^ Mariners 
J Shippes 
I Mariners 
f Shippes 
\ Mariner* 



{ 



{ 



The Sowthe Flete. 

Ply mow th. 
Loo* 
Yalrac* 
Fowey 



2-5 

419 

25 

2 

24 
24 

5 

60 

2 

69 

5 

49 
15 

i6o 

z 

23 

2 

53 

22 

504 
16 

22 a 

2t 
263 

4 
62 

2 
^5 

S- 

10 

»93 
7 

X20 

757 
^6 



BriftolU 

Tenmowthe^ 

Haftang, 

Romney* 

Rye^ 

Hithe. 

Shoram^ 

Seford. 

Ncwmouth». 

Hamuhok. 

Hoke. 

Sowthampton. 

Lymyngton. 

Poole. 

Warham^ 

Swynfey* 

Jefercombe. 

Fatrickftow* 



{ 



f Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
I Mariners 
r Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
[^ Mariners 
Shippes 
Mariners 
r Shippes 
(.Mariners 
J Shippes 
(_Mari-ner3 
r Shippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
(^Mariners 
f Shippes 
^Mariners 
r Shippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners 
r Shippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
r Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
\; Mariners 
Shippes 
Mariners 
Shippes 
Mariners 
r Shippes 
|_ Mariners 
J Shippes 
|_Mariners 



{ 



2S 

603. 

20- 

2 
47 

47 

770 

2? 

60a 

z 

5 
96 

4 

65 

122 

20 

329 

5 

80 

2 

18 

7 

117 

II 

20S^ 
21 

476 

9 
'59^ 

4 

94 

3 

59 
r 

29. 

6. 

79- 
2 

27 

Polrewan* 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING EDWARD III. 



PoIrewaiT, 
Wad worth. 
Kerdif. 
Bridgwater, 
Kermarden. 

Baraburgh, 

Newcafteir. 

Walcrich, 

Hertlepole. 

Hull. 

Yorke. 

Raven fer. 

Woodhowfe, 

Stochiih* 

Barton. 

Swynfiete. 

Saltflete* 

Grymcsby* 

Waynflete. 

Wrangle* 

Lynne. 

Blackeney. 

Scarburgh* 



f Shippes 
I Mariners 
r Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners 
r Shippes 
(^ Mariners 



r Shippes 
I Mariners 
f Shippes 
(^ Mariners 
r Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners 

{Shippes 
Mariners 
r Shippes 
(^Mariners 
f Shippes 
\ Mariners 
JShippes 
\ Mariner* 
r Shippes 
(^Mariners 
JShippes 
^Mariners 
JShippes 
\ Mariners 
JShippes 
(Mariners 

{Shippes 
Mariners 
JShippes 
I Mariners 
JShippes 
1 Mariners 
Shippes 
Mariners 
JShippes 
\ Mariners 



Calchefworthi 
Mol broke. 



I 

60 

I 

X 

I 

IS 

X 

16 



The Northe Flete. 



f Shippes 
\ Mariners 
JShippes 
\ Mariners 



I 

12 
t 



Some of the Sowth Flete. 



J Shippes 
\ Mariners 



493 
9>63o 



} 



{ 



I 
9 


Yarmouthe. 


17 

3H 


Donwiche. 


I 

IZ 


Orford. 


5 

145 


GofFord. 


16 
466 


Herwichr 


X 

9 


Ipfwich* 


I 
28 


IVIerfey. 


I 

12 


Brightlyngfey, 


I 
10 


Colchefter. 


3 

30 


Whitbanes, 


I 
II 


Derwen. 


2 
49 


Bofton. 


II 
171 


Swynhomber, 


2 

49 


Maiden. 


I 

8 


Barton. 


382 


Some of th 


2 
28 




I 
19 


Some of all theEng- 
lilhe flete. 



f Shippes 
\ Mariners- 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
JShippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
JShippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
Shippes 
Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
JShippes 
\ Mariners 
J Shippes 
\ Mariners 
JShippes 
\ Mariners 
JShippes 
\ Mariners 

e Northe Flete. 

JShippes 
(_ Mariners 
- f Shippes 
\^Mariner3 



{ 



41 

1095 

7 

loz 

62 

14 
283 

iz 

239 
I 
6 

6f 

s 

90 

t 
i 

361 

I 

32 

2 



217 

4521 

700- 
14151 



Eflraingers.. 



Household of king edwarditt. 



rayon.- 
Spaine. 
Irelande. 
Flanders. 
Gelderland - 



Eftraingers. 

rShlppes 
\ Mariners 
rShippes 
\ Mariners 
f Ship pes 
\ Mariners 
rShippes 
\ Mariners 
I Sliippes 
\ Mariners 



«5 

439 

184 

I Shippes 
25 'Mariners 

I 
24j 



55 



The Prince of WaHes 

The Bifhope of Durefme 

Eries with two Almayns - 

Bannerettes 

Knightes, with 91 Almayns - 
Sergeantes, Efquier Sargeaunts of Ahnayns, Standard Bearers, Sargeants of 
Oihcers, Men of Amies, MarlhaHes, Sewars, and Ufhers of the Hall, Surveiors 
at the drefTer, Mafler Cookes, Herbcngers, Butlers, Potticaries, Waferers, 
and Taylors, with 433 Almayns Efquier. 



Centeners 

Vinteners - - - 

Hobilers 

Ar-chers - - - 

Yeomen of the Kinges chamber 

Yeomen of the Offices 

Fauconers - - - 

Mynftrelles , • - 

IMeinngers 

Artifficers - - . 

Standerd Bearers 

Arraerers ^ » 



52 
794 
528 
20,076 

- 9 

- 79 
4 

25 

27 

339 
6 

• 6 



Panecos of Almaines 
Crolbowes - - - 

•Knightes - - . 

Efquiers ... 
Dutflors - - - 

Conftables . - - 

Chaplens - - . 

Surgeons - - - 

Cryors - . - 

Standard Bearers - - • 

Vynteners - - . 

Footmen - - - 

Some of all the Army, 



f 

1 

14 

78 
1066 

418a 

- 3S9 
in 

3 

3 
6 

54 
2 

- 3 

3 

43 
244 

4>244 
32,491 



Rates 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING EDWARD III. 



Rates of Wages In Tyme of Warre by the Dale. 

The Prince of Wales - ^ - • > 

A bi(hope, or an erle - - 

A baron or bannerett, the Kinges chamberlein, the fteward, the treaforer 
of the Kinges howie, the keper of the prevey feale, every man by the 

day, 

A Knighte, comptroller^ cofferer of the Kinges howfe, the Kinges ftanderd 
bearers, the clarke of the kytchcn, pantrye, warderobe, the clarke comp- 
troller, and the kepar of the viflualles, every man, ^ 

The Kinoes chaplyns, efquiers, farjantes of armes, men of armes, ferjantes ^ 
of offices, all other clarkes of the Kinges howfe, mareQi;.'lles of the hall, | 
ufliers and fewers of the hall and chamber, fevvers at drcller, harbingers, > 
panterers, butlers, mafler cooks, the poticary, taylors, armorer, furjons, ! 
mynftrelles, duftors. or centeners, everye man by the daye. J 

The Kinges archers-, vinteners, yeraen of offices in the Kinges howfe, archers 
on horfe, hobilersy-meflengers, artificers, chaplens of Wellhmen, a clarke, 
conftable, and a carpinter of a {hipe, pauncos, gonntrs, and crofs-bovves 
of Almayns, Lorayn, and Henaud, every man at 

Archers on horfe, venteners of footmen, ftander-bearers of Welflimen, fiir- 
gions of Wellhmen, and cryors of Wellhmen^. every man 



1. 



] 



s. 

20 

6 






J. s. ct. 



I* 



Rates of expences of the Kinges officers and fervauntes,, aboute the Kinges affaires oW of his 

cource, by daie. 



Archers on foot and mariners, every man by the daie - - . 

Welfhmen on foote ,-.-_.. 

Pages of fhippcs - - 

The leeward and treforer of the Kinges howfe, arvd the kcper of the 
Kinges prevay feale, every man - - - - _ 

A baron or bannerette, the comptroller of the Kinges, and the. Kinges procu- 
rator at Rome, every man - - - - - - 

The coferer and keper of the Kinges vidlualles, in every army 

A knight within' the. realme and clarke marfhall - - . 

A Knight bevondfea - - ,. 6 s, SiJ. 135.40'. or 

A clarke within the realme - - 2s. 3s. 45. 6s. 8ct, 

eierkes, attorneys of the vidlualles in fondry fhiers, every man 

Efquiers of the Kinges chamber ------ 

Efquiers and fergeants of armes - — 

Yeomen of the Kinges chamber - . . . 

Gromes-of U:ie warderobe =• »- «- — . »- •• 



o 
o 
o 



o 
o 
o 



O 20 



o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o. 
o 
o • 



^3 

6 

5 
26 

13 
o 

2 

o 

o 





4 

P> 
o 
8 
4 

12 
O 

12 
6 



to 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING EDWAUD fll. 



A« 21 R. Ed. III. 



Rates •£ Wac-es In tvme of Peace. 

Fees of banneretis and bachelors of the Kinges howfe, robes, and of all other places, ofEcers, 
mynyfters, and farvantes of the fame, and leveryes of men fervantes, intituled Calciatuta, 
bolides all wages brcved, videlicet. 



Fees of Banneretts. 
Fees of Kuightes. 

Banneretts. 
Knightes. 



Officers. 



Clarkes. 



Scrjaunts of OfHce. 



Rates of perfons fo retcyned. 

f The Kinges chamberleyn, fleward of liowfliold, and li") 
\ baneretts, every man at 4 tymes by yere, J 

36 bachelers, every man at 4 termcs by the yore, 
The faide chamberlein and ftewarde, and 14 other ban- 
neretts, every man for his robes, for evrye robe 8 
mark.es, viz. for fomer and wynter. 
r66 Bachelers, every man at 8 markes for his robes~j 
\ fomer and winter, viz. every robe 4 marks, j 

8, that is to fale, the treaforer, the comptroler, thel 
keper of the Kinges prevy feale, the coferer, the j 
alraoyner, the dean of ihe Kinges chappell, and 2 j, 
phifitians, every man for the feafons 4 markes, 
amounting by the yere, 

23, viz. the Kinges fecretary, 2 receavers of the Kinges 
chiamber, the clarke of the kychen, the clarke mar- 
ihall, 2 clari<es of the wardrobe, 5 clarkes of the 
prevey feale, 8 chappleyns, a furgeon, the clerke 
of the markett, and the Knges procurator, every 
man at 46 s. Hd. the yere, that is to faie, for fomer 
20 s. for winter 26 s. Sd. 
'8 clarkes, that is to faie, a monke of Bury, 5 clarkes' 
of the Kinges chappell, the clarke comptroller, the 
purveyor of the raarlhallfey, to every man 20s. for 
every of the faid feafoncs 

8 clarkes, viz one of the prevey feale, the Kinges^ 
notarv, the clarkes of armes, and 4 other clarkes of 
the Kinge's kychen, fpycery, powhrey, almonry, 
everye one by yere 
^ Serjants of armes, evrey man at 26s. 33. for Vt-iDter,"! 
and 20s. for fomer, j 

Efquieres of howfholde, every man at 20 s. for e^^y"l 
feafon, \ 

27, every man for 2 feafons, 
k 1 9, every man for 2 feafons. 



j 



20 markes. 
10 markes. 



10 I 



3 4 



8 markes. 

}. s. cl. 
8 markes« 



o 46 % 



o 40 



o 46 S 

o 40 o 

o 46 8 
o 43 o 

Fauconers* 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING EDWAK.D HI. 



ti 



Fauconers. 

Hunters. 

Mynflrelles. 

Laundres. 
Meffingers. 

Yeomen. 

Archers. 

Chariotmen, 

Yeomen. 

Sompter-men. 
f alfrey-raen. 



ri5, every man by yere, 

(_3 porters for fauconers, every man, 

i6, every man for winter, 
i ig, every man by yere, 
\^ waytes, every man by yere, 

3, eyther by yere, 

20, every man by yere, 

("12, every one by yere of the Kinges chamber for"! 
\ winter, J 

ArdiCies of howfeholde 21, for every feafon, 
r Charioie men, with two carpinters, every man for hira-l 
\ felf and his ryder, J 

r Yeomen of offices in howlholde 70, every man fox the'f 
\ feafon, J 

50, every man by yere, 

140, eTery man for his clothing, 

Some 769 men. 
Llveres, entitled Calciatura, every man at 4 s. Sd. by yere. 



Meffmgers 

Yemen of the Kinges chamber 

Yemen of the oiiices of howlhold 

Archers of howdiolde 

fauconers 

Hunters . - - 

Chariott-men 

iSompter-mcn -«- 

S.'alfxey-a.eii 



20 
12 

7.3 
21 

3 
16 

38 

50 

141 



t. 


s. 


(t. 





20 








10 








13 


4 





20 








20 








26 


S 





13 


4 





13 


4 





10 


a 





26 


8 





13 


4 





10 








xo 






h 3^9' 



J 



ImbalTadors dlettes. 

A'T)u^<e for his diett by daye I5js. 4d. if lie be of the blood roiall, havingel 
of his company 300 horfle, for every man and horffe 12 3. by daye, J 

A Duke, not beinge of the blood royal, for himfelf and 200 horde in his 1 
company, by daye, J 

Item, an Erie being of the bloud royall, by day 

Item, an Erie foi his dailey diet 6s. 85. and for 100 liorfTe in his company,") 
every man at I2L\. by daye, J 

Item, a Vifcount half as an Erie hathe, and for his diet by the dale, 

A Baron for his diet 4s. by the daie, having 30 men on horfe in his company,') 

by daye, ... ... . J 

item, a Knighte for his daily diet 2s. having in his companie 10 men on) 

horffe, by daye, J 
item, an Elquier for the body, havinge like company and wages by the) 

daie, J 

Item, an efquier for his dailey diet 18 d. by the daye, and for every man and I 

horfe 1 2d. i'o that he palfe not 6, J 
"item, 3 Genullman for him and fervant by dave, 



1 

10 
10 

5 

o 

o 



o 

O 



13 

6 

55 
34 

12 
12 



ar. 

4 

4 
4 
s 

o 



6 6 

2 o 
Theffi 



IX 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING EDWAHDIH. 



Thefe be the names of d'vers Lordes ftraingers, wuholden in the Kinges retenewe, net 

being emprlfed in the nomber aforefaide. 



I 



The Emperor of Roraayne to him delivered in prefl, at divers tymes, for his 

wages and men, 
To \ViHiam JMachony Pol)bon, and his men. 
To Kcnold duke of Gilder, and his men^ 
To John duke of Bjabon, and his men. 
To the Lord Frekemond, and his men, 

To Charles Marke, brother to the bifshoppe of Legyns, and his men, 
To Bartelott erle of Baspice, markes of Brandesbeughe, and other knightesl 

and efquiers that were eflrainger'--, witholden about the Kinge, J 

To Baldewyn, archbifshope of Theine, and his men, 
To th' Arche-bifshope ^langodonench, and his men, 

Some of all the predes, 31064 5 11 



t. 


s. 


^. 


8227 





12 


8562 


10 





4512 








5CO 








3864 


8 


4 


300 








34-1 


16 


8 


606 








45^ 









The fome of the faid expences-, as well of wages as prefles, as for th' expences 
of the Kinges houfe, and for other giftes and rewardes, iliippes, and other 
thinges neceflary to the faid parties of Fraunce and Normandy and before 
Callice, duriuge the fcege thereof, as it apperethe by th' accomptes of 
Wm. Norweli, keper of the Kinges wardrobe, from the 20th daie of July, 
in the 12th yere of the faide King's raigne, unto the 25th daie of Maye, in 
the 14th yere of his reigne. 



[337104 9 4 



LIBER 



ORDINANCES 



O F T H E 



HOUSEHOLD of KING HENRY VI. 



IN THE 33d YEAR OF HIS REIGN,. 



A* D. i455» 



FROM THE COTTON LIBRARY, C L EOF ATR A, F. v. P. 170. 



*C 2 



C *'5 3 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING HENRY VI, 



ORDINANCESaND APPOINTEMEKTES MADE AND STABLISHED FOR THE KyNGe's HON- 
OURABLE HOUSEHOLD, ThE YERE OF HIS ReIGNE XXxiii J CONCLUDED THE xiii DAY OF 

November, in thi great Counsaile assembled at Westminster, in maner 
and fourme as folowith. 



INSOMOCHE as faith, trouth, and liegeaunce, compelleth every fubgitte to doo alle that 
in him is for the honour, aflate, and welfare of his foverain lorde ; It muft neethes be 
thought and undreftande, that lords, and fuche as be called to be counfaillers with a prince, 
mufte more tenderly take to hert thoo things, wherin refteth his renoume, honour, worfhip, 
and politique rule of his lands, and eafe of his people ; According wherto my lords of the 
KyDg our foveraine lord's greet Counfaill, for theire trouth, and acquityng theymfeif t j 
the king, (hewyng alfo the good wille and zele that they here to the welfare of his reaulme 
and fubgitts, have called to minde, amonge other things, that it is full expedient, byhooffull, 
and neceffarie, to advife, ordayne, and ftablifh, a fadde and fubflantiall reule in the king's 
houlhold, by the which (holde growe to his highnefle, not oonly greet honour and worlliip 
in this his reaulme, and comfort to his people ; but alfo it fliold be to his finguler ren'ume, 
fame, and laude in other lands and countrees. Moreover it remayncth in the frefsh re- 
membraunce of the faid lords of the greet Counfaill, that the king our fouverain lord, beyng 
in his welfare and good helth of body, to the whiche with Goddes grace he fhall right well 
reforte in fhort tyme, was fully advifed, determined, and concluded, to reforme his fiid 
houfeholde ; and to fette upp and ftabjifli therein, fuche reules and ordinances to be obfervcd, 
as well in nombre of perfones, as ctherwife, as were hadde and ufed of olde tyme, and 
fpecially in the dales of the mooft victorious prince of blefled memorie, his fader. Re- 
membring alfo, many and divers dedaracions made in parlements afore this tyme, by the 
Treforers of England for the tyme beyng; as the lords Cromwell, Seudeley, Saye, the 
Bifshop of Carlill, the lord Beauchamp, and others, and fpecially by the right noble lorde 
the Erie of Worceftre, Treforer of England that nowe is, in the laft parlement, of the flate 
of this land, thought their trouth and verray obeiflfaunce conflreyneth, and compelleth theym 
to the efFe<5tuell execucion of the entent and purpoos of thaire fouverain lord, and thinke, yf 
they foo not dide, greet negligence and blame might be leide upon theym at fuche tyme ;is 
God (hal of his mercy reftore hym to his helthe. For the whiche caufes and confideracions, 
and fuch other as raoeved theym my faid lords of the greet Counfaill, feyng that foo greet 

*C 3 a ncm- 



*i6 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING HENUY VI. 



a noTibre of people canne nor might eafely be kept in the faid houlhold, as hath now a 
certain feafon ben therein, butof vcrray neceffitie muftbeabregged and reduced to a refonnable 
and a competent felifship, as may vvorQiipfully be found and fuftcigned in the fame. After 
ripe and faddc communication hadde amonge iheymfelf, and'with fuche other as was thought 
expedient, and prefidents feen of the faid houfhold, the yere and daye abovefaid avifed, or- 
deyncd, and appointed, the nombre and fuche perfones as folowen to be in the faid houf- 
hold ; and to be deraeened as well in etyng in the halle, chambers, and elieswhere, in 
maner and fourme as it was ufed in the King's Faders tyme. The faid ordcnances and 
appointemeiites co endure as long as it fhal pleafe the king. 

T. KENT. 



The Confcffour, 



Eries. 



Vifcount. 

Chamberlain. 

Barons. 

Kervers. 

Phifician. 

Chamberers. 

Secretaire, 



:i Bifhop, 



Th'erle of Richemond. 



LTh'erle of Pembroch. 

The Vifcount Beaumont. 

The Lorde Cromwell. 

fThe Lord Beauchamp. 
[The Lorde Saint Amond. 
[Edmund Hungreford, knight. 

[Philipp Wentworth, knight. 

fMailTer John Fauceby, 
\Maifter William HatclyfF. 
Chamberers 4, each of theym. 

1 Secretaire. 

2 Clerks. 



1 Chapelain, 
J 2 Squiers, 

2 Yoraen, 
2 Chamberleins. 

1 Chapelain, 

2 Squiers, 
2 Yoraen, 

J2. Chamberlains. 

1 Chapelain, 

2 Squiers, 

2 Yomen, 

1.2 Chamberlains. 

I Chapelain, 
I Squier, 

3 Yomen. 

I Chapelain, 
I Squier, 
3 Yomen. 

I Squier, 
3 Yomen. 
I Squier, 
3 Yomen. 

1 Squier, 

2 Yomen. 

1 Squier, 

2 Yomen. 
2 Yomen, 
I Yoman. 

1 Yoman. 

2 Yeomen. 



Chapeleyn*. 



I N T H E 



35^ 



YEAR OF HIS REIGN. 



n 



Chapeleyns. 
Squiers for the body. 



Gentlemen Husfliers for 
Chambrc. 

Clerc of the Clofet. 



fMaifter John Arundel!. 
iMalQer John Kirkebj. 

'John Norys, 

John Say, 

John Penycock, 
^ John Stanley. 



{Thomas Staunton, 
Thomas Pulford, 
Bartilmewe Halley, 
Richard Molyneux. 

Sir Edward 



The Chapell. 

The Veftiar. 
Heoxmen, 



Squiers of Attendaunce. 



Yomen of the Crownc. 



I Deane, 

20 Chapeleins and Clerks. 
7 Childryn. 

I Yoman. 
I Grorae. 



{ 



I Chaplain Confeffor for 

the Uoufehoide. 
I Yoman. 



i 



Henxmen 3. 

'Thomas Stanley, 
John Olney, 
William Gower, 
John Langton, 
William D. ngle, 
John Warner, 
Humfrey Salwey, 
Thomas Acblafter, the elder. 
Thomas Baffet, 
Thomas Well, 
Robert Ofbern, 
John Stanley, the younger. 

John Slytherft, Yoman of the Robes. 
Thomas Efl:, 
John Sutton, 
Henry Rofyngton, 

I Robert Willyn, 
Nicholas Walton, 
.> Andrewe Lowe, 
John Wellifburn, 
Thomas Tyle, 
John Audeles, 
Richard Houghton, 
John Raulyn, 
John Bucle, 

*C 4 



L 



Yeomen 



• tS 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING HENRY VI. 



Yoemcn oF the Crowne, 



Yoraen of the Chambre. 



Gromes of the Chambr«. 



Yoman of the Stoole. 



Pages of the Chambre. 



< 



'John Burgh, 
Henry Caftwode, 
John Alfrey, 
John White, 

Richard Clerk, Yoraan of the Armurie. 
Robert Weftcotes, 
Thomas Sharp, 
Richard Myco, 
lohn Barlow, 
Piers Prefton, 

Stephen Coote, Yoraan Skynncr, 

Henri Eft, Yoman cf the Beddes, 

William Ploraftede, 

John Marchall, Yoman Surgeon, 

Thomas Aidenby, 

Morice Biford, 

William Neeles, 

Thomas Beket. 



^Thomas Carre, Grome of the Robes. 

Henry Wymbervyle, dome of the Beddes. 

William Marchall, Grome Skynner. 

John Blyghton, Grome of the Armurie, 
^ John Davy, Grome Porter. 

Wilham Lawfhill, 

William Eft, 

Richard Bartlot, 

John Briggewater. 

William Grymeft)y. 

f Thomas Wilde, 

\john Newenham, for the Robes. 



Mynftrall to entende upon the 
Kyng. 



The Mynftrall. 
Jcwelhous. 



'Thomas RatclyfF, 

William Wykes, 

John ClyfT, 
^Robert More, Wayte, 

9 Mynftralles comyng at the prlncipall fefts in the yere. 

Jewelhous 4 perfones at the principall ki\s in the yere. 



The 



IN THE 33d YEAR OF HISREIGN. 



'19 



The Countinghous. 



< 



The Ofiice of the Bakhous, 
13 Perfoncs. 



The Pantery, 



The Celer, 



The Steward, as an Erie, 7 Perfones. 

The Treforer, as a Baron, 5 Perfones. 

The Countroller, as a Kerver, 3 Perfones. 

John Everton, Cofferer. 2 Yemen. 

Thomas Rokes, "1 Clerks of th' Accounts, each of them 

Thomas Bateman, J i Yoraan. 

John Brekenoke, Gierke of the Countrollement, i Yomaa. 
I Richard Dalafeld, under Clerk of the ControUement. 
! William Muriell. 

1 John Swyllyngton, Yoman Meffenger* 
I John Godier, Grome. 
Lsimon Dysihe, Page. 

John Threpland, Sergeant. 

Henry Wefthowe, Clerc. 

William Peye, Yoman Fourner. 

William Brynklowe, Yoman Payraenbaker* 

John Eton, Grome. 

Robert Sende, Yoman Purveor. 
I Robert Baxter, Grome Purveor. 
[_6 Gromes Bulters. 



T. Kent. 



< 



1 



"Thomas Berton, Sergeant. 
John Rede, "| 

1 homas Bedyll, >Yomen, 
Richard Randolf, J 
John Gyldynwater, 1 
John Gates, >Groomcs. 

Thomas Deye, J 
Thomas Sulhill, Page. 

Richard Ludlowe, Sergeant. 
William Bryant, 1 
William Ludlowe, >Yoraen. 
5 William Yorke, J 



John Northfolke, 1 ^ 

JohnClaydon, ) dromes. 

John Ludlowe, Page. 

William Wytnall, Yoman for the botilles. 



The Botery. 



r William Say, Yoman. 
I Thomas May, ") ^ 
i William Parker,/ ^''°°«^^5- 
1^ Edward Efthorp, Page. 



The 



*io 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING HENRY VI. 



The Aletakers. 



The Picherhoufe. 



Th'office of the Spicery, 
5 perfons. 



Confedions. 



The Chaundery, 



Th'ofEce of the Kechyn, 



[■Richard Jofkyn, Yoman, 
} Thomas Goodale, Gro 
[john Efthope, Page. 



f William Wodecok, 
WiUiam Blakborn, >Yomen. 
! Henry Bery, 
"i Thomas Berwell, 1 ^ 
I Nicholas Auftyn, Jeromes. 
I John Clampard, Page. 

r William Vldale, Clerc of the Spicery, i Yoman, 

I John Colvile, 1 i /^i i 

j Robert Pecke,]""'^^'^^^^^'^^' 

L Alexandre Rowton, Yoman Pouderbeter. 



'William Fitzwater, Sergeant. 

Robert Broke, Yoman. 

Piers Lovetr, Grome. 
^William Brandon, Pager 



f Robert Wixton, 
J Richard Waleis, 
-> William Fletcher, 1 
John Rotherey, j 



} 



Yoraan. 



Gromes, 



1^ Henry Heder, Page. 

'John Hardwike, Clerc of the Kechyn, i Yoman. 
John Browne, ^^^^ ^^^^^^^ 

Lawrence Werham, j 
John Gourney, Mafter Cook for the King. 
William Hekeling, Mailer Cooke for the Halle. 
William Pratte, Yoman "I 
John Cooper, Groome >for the King's mouth. 
Robert Golding, Page J 
John Barton, "j 
John Canne, -^ 

Robert Litleboy, p°"^^" 
Richard Brigge, 
John Martyn, 
Stephen Holte, p 

William Smyth, Y'^^^^^^ }fQj. the hallC 
Thomas Rotland, _ 
William Pratte, 1 „ 
Richard Gerrard, J ^^S" 



Roger 



IN THE 33d YEAR OF HIS REIGN. 



^21 



Th'office of the Kechyn. 



Th'officc of the Lardcry. 



Th*office of the Catery. 



Th*ofEce of the ScuUerie. 



fRogcr Sutton, Yoman 
J William Goldying, Grome 
• John Brovvnying, Page 
' ", Scourers. 



•for the fcthing place. 



6 Children of the Kechyn, tournebroaches. 
|_2 Porters of the Kechyn. 

fGeorge Heton. Sergeant. 

(Richard Derby, Clerc. 
John Martyn, Yoman for the King'-s mouthe. 
John Lucerworrh, Yoman Usfher. 
I James Gray, Yoman, 
^ Raaf Banafter, "i 
Thomas More, iOromes. 
Thomas Driifeld, J 
John Stephens, 1 
{ Henry Snowe, > Pages. 
(^William Gerard, J 

Richard Birde, Sergeant. 

John Fenwicke, Clerc. 

William Stoughton, Yoman for the King's mouthe. 

John Weft, 

Richard Whitehede, 

John Smyth, 

William Brenfton, 

3 Gromes Bochers. 

I Grome Piggetaker. 

I Yoman Herde. 

I Grome Herde. 

I Grome Talewman. 



Yomen Purveyors. 



William Hampton, See-FysQier. 



rjohn Merywether, Sergeant. 
I John Power, Clerc. 

Richard Stafford, ] 
I John Motte, !« Yomen. 

I Thomas Bacon, J 
\ Nicholas Clare, 1 
1 Raaf Barlowe, > Gromes. 
I Morys William, J 
1 Robert Driffeld, ] 

Richard Burdon, !> Pages. 
LWilliam Fuller, J 



*D 



Th'office, 



^22 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING HENRY VI. 



Th'officc of the Saulcery. 



Th'ofEcc of the Halle. 



Th'office of the Ewery. 



The WaafFery. 



Th'officc of the Pultcrie. 



Porters. 



I i\.UUCl 

VViUh 
John 



i 



("Robert Broune, Sergeant, 
iam Hide, Cierc. 

T I S'T"' n"""'"' 1 for the King's mouth. 
John Meriron, Grome, J ^ 

David Thomlynfon, Yoman,* 

John Neweman, Grome, 

John Smyth, 

William Botiller, 



.for the Halle. 



< 



I 



William Elton, Sergeant. 

Thomas Corbyn, Clerc. 

John Wikeham, 1 

John Godeman, J^Yoraen. 

John Wylde, J 

Robert Petyfir, Grome Porter. 

John Hunte, "loromes. 

John Maynesford, J 
William Often, Page. 



"Alexandre Dovour, Sergeant. 
John Penne, Yoman for the King's mouth. 

Walter Bedyl],"lv 
Robert Hurft, j Y*^^^^"- 
William Bolley ]q^^^,^^ 
Robert Downeham, J 
Richard Lambarde^p 
[^Thomas Bentley, J ^°^^' 

f William Overton, Yoman. 
\Thomas Caldewell, Grome. 

rWaltier Hale, Sergeant. 

I John Smyth, Clerc. 

i Thomas Laurence, Yoman") r .i v » _. .t 
\ rr, ^ J ' r> r for the Kmg s rtlouthc. 

■{ 1 homas Gardyner, GromeJ ° 

John Courtuale, Page. 

3 Yomen Purveour^. 

3 Somtrymen. 



rWilliam Stokkc, Sergeant. 

! John Watts, \ .r 

I Richard Mafon,/ Y^'"^"- 

^ Thomas Rogger, I Q^^^gg 

I William Trigge, J 

I Roger Water, ]p_„, 

tJohnBabham,]^^^^^- 



Th' 



IN THE 33d YEAR OF HIS REIGN. 



23* 



Th 'office of the Lauendrie. 

Herberjours. 
Sealdexs* 

Aumeuers. 

Marfiiall. 

Affewors for the Halle^ 

Siirveour. 

Afl'ewor for the King. 

Surveour for the King. 

Surgeons, 



Tb'office of the Stable. 



' Waher Merdon, Yoman. 
Stephen MerftenA/-. 
- 1 nomas Merlton, J 
^ Edmund Rampton, Page, 



r Thomas Yerde, Sergeant. 

< John Sevyngton,") y f Loco Thome Baker fuit pofitus 

I^JohnRypon, J j Johannes Ryponde auisamento 

dominorum. 
■John Bolde, Yoman, 
Wilh'am Doget, Grome. 
John Curteis, Page. 

'Maimer He,nry Sever, the King's Aumener, i Yomaa. 
Thomas Pal'>'heh, under Aumener. 
John Palmer, Yoman. 
, William Goldewellj Grome. 

rjohn PI end e. 
I Raaf Alegh. 



{ 



Raynald Griffith. 
Richard Bonour, 

William Dautre. 

Edmond Mountfort. 

John Shmali. 



{Robert Waren, Sergeant. 
John M-irfliall, Yoman, v. fupra in Camcra»- 
Thomas Bebbank, Grome, 

rjohn Pury, Avenor, 

William Fyfslilake, "I ^, 

John Gyles, ] C^^^"' 

2 Yomen Purveours. 

2 Footemen. 
1 I Yoman Garnetor. 

I Sergeant Ferrour. 

1 Yoman Ferrour. 

I Yoman of Horfe. 

I I Yomen and Gromes of the Stable. 



*D 2 



Carte 



^H 



HOUSEHOLD OF KING HENRY VI. 



Carte Takers. 

The Qucene. 
The Prince. 
Hufshcr. 



r Richard Rede. 
\ James Bateraan. 

I20 perfones for the Queenes aflate. 
(■38 perfones for the Prince's aftate. 
\ Henry Langton. 



3 

4 







9 /) • ^cof^ 



ken 



(^n^-fh^ nytvK^JC Q^-xSt 



i^a^aidj^:^ 



.9 ^t^^^p" 



'ZO 



22 



"^^vTa^vv^^'^ 



2.3 
2S 






27 



2S 



St^wJ^ 



']^^Ss. 



I 



C ^5* ] 



MEMORANDA concerning the Persons whose Signatures are annexed to 

THE preceding ORDINANCE. 



I. r. Canr, 



2. W. Ebor\ 

3. T. London*, 



'4. /F. Wynton\ 



5. J. RoffenJ\ 

6. W. Norw'icen\ 

7. R, Dunelmenf\ 

8. R. Coven', 

9. "J. Lincoln*, 

10. W, Elien\ Cujios 
Privati Sigilli, 



Thomas Bourchier, Archbiihop of Canterbury, afterwards Cardinal 
Lord Chancellor of England, and Chancellor of Oxford. He was the 
fon of William Earl of Ew, and brother of Henry Bourchier, Earl of 
ElTex. He was made Chancellor of Oxford in 1434 ; and in the next 
year he was promoted to the fee of Worcefler. In "1443, ^^ ^^^ 
tranflated to Ely, and on April 22, 1454, elected Archbilhop of Can- 
terbury ; on the i8th of Sept. 1464, he was made a Cardinal. He 
died the 30th of March i486, and was buried at Canterbury. 

"William Booth, Archbifbop of York, from 1452 to 1464; died 
at Southwell, Sept. 20, 1464. 

Thomas Kemp, S. T. B. appointed BiOiop of London, by Papal 
provifion. The Bull was publilhed Aug. 21, 1448; but he had not 
the royal affent till Feb. 4^ 1450. The temporalities were reftored the 
6th, and he was confecrated the 8th of the fame month, in York 
place, now Whitehall. He died May 28, 1489, 5th of Henry VII. 
and was buried in his own Cathedral. 

William Waynflete, alias Patten, Bifliop of Winchefter, from May 
10, 1447, to his death, Auguft 11, i486. A print of his raag- 
nificeni Monument in Winchefter Cathedral has. been lately en- 
graven by this Society. This Prelate was twelve years Mailer of 
Winchefter School, Provotl: of Eton, Lord Chancellor of England, 
and the founder of Magdalen College in Oxford. 

John Lowe, Blfhop of Rochefler ; to which fee he was tranflated 
from St. Afaph by Papal provifion, April 22, 1444; he died in 
1467, and was buried in his own Cathedral. 

Walter Hart, Bilhop of Norwich, from 1445 to 1472. 

Robert Nevil, Bi/hop of Durham, from 1438 to 1457. 

Reginald Butler, Bifhop of Coventry and Lichfield, from 1453 
to 1459. 

John Chadworth, Bifhop of Lincoln, from 1452 to 1471. 

William Gray, Lord Treafurer of England, Bifliop of Ely, from 
1454 to 1478, 

*D 3 Richard 



[ *26 ] 



II. 21. Tork. 



12. R. PFarrewyL 



13, Devoju 



14. Bukinghanu 



15. Edmund, 



16. J a/per » 



17. i^. Salijhury. 



18, Worcejire, 



Richard Plantagenct, Duke of York ; Earl of Cambridge, March, 
and Rutland ; Regent of France; appointed Proteftor of the Kings 
perfon, and defender of the Church of England. He was flaiu at ti»e 
battle of Wakefield. 

Richard Nevill, Earl of Warwick, Chamberlain of England, Con- 
ftable of Dover Caftle, Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Knighc 
of the Garter ; he fought both for and againft his fovercign, and 
was ftyled the King-maker. He was flain at the battle of Barn.et, in 
147 1. 

Thomas Courtnej', Earl of Devon, fon and heir of Hugh Earl of 
Devon. He was taken prifoner, and was beheaded in YorkQnre on 
Palm Sunday, anno 1460. 

Humfry Stafford, created Duke of Buckingham by King Henry VI. 
Sept. 14, 1444. He was flain fighting for his fovereign at the 
battle of Northampton, July 10, 1460. 

Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, furnamed of Hadham ; 
was the eldefl fon of Owen Tudor and Katharine of Valois, Queen of 
England, Dowager to King Henry V. and was half brother to King 
Henry VI. He was created Earl of Richmond, 31 Henry VI. 1452, 
with precedency in Parliament next after Dukes. He died November 
H5^» 35 Henry VI. 

Jafper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke, fecond fon of the above mentioned 
Owen Tudor, by the faid Queen Katharine. In 1452, during the civil 
wars he fled into France, where he remained till 14B6, when his ne- 
phew King Henry VII. created him Duke of Bedford. He died, with- 
out iflue, December 21, 11 Henry VII. 

Richard Nevill, fon of Ralph Nevill, firfl: Earl of Weflmoreland, 
Earl of Sahfbury, Knight of the Garter, and Lord High Chancellor 
of England ; he took part with Richard Duke of York againft the 
King ; was taken in the battle of Wakefield by Queen Mar- 
garet, wife of King Henry VI. and beheaded at Pontefraft by her 
command. 

John Lord Tiptoft, who was by King Henry VI. created Vlfcount 
and Earl of Worcefter, and was Lord High Conftable of England. 
King Edward the Fourth made him a Kuight of the Garter, and 
Lord Deputy of Ireland ; but when Herry VI. was reftored to the 
Crown this Earl was conviffed of High Treafon, and was beheaded 
on St. Luke's day, 1470. He was buried at the Friars Preachers in 
London. 

B ^9' 2^- 



C *^7 ] 



19. t,Dacre. 

20. ClyntoK. 

21. Stourton. 



22. Berners. 



23. Beaumonte* 

24. -R. S\i Johs\ 

25. Bourgcbier. 

26. Scrap, 

27. Stanley. 

28. 7^^" '5'<«> 



Thomas Lord Dacre of GiUefland ; he had fummons to Parliament 
from 14 Hen. IV. to 36 Hen. VI. and died Jan. 15, 39 Hen. VI. 

John Lord Clynton. He was a<flive in the wars in France, where he 
was taken, and remained fix years a prifoner; he afterwards was raa- 
fomed and fought on the fide of the Duke of York. 

John Lord Stourton. He was a very adtive man, and enjoyed feveral 
civil and mihtary employments both at home and abroadj under King 
Henry VI. who in the 26th year of his reign, created him Baron 
Stourton. He died in 1462, 2 Edward IV. 

John Bourchier, fourth fon of William Earl of Ew, married Mar- 
gery, daughter and heir to Richard Lord Berners, who in 33 Hen. VI. 
was fummoned to Parliament by the Title of Lord Berners. In the 
fame year he was on the King's part in the firft battle of St. Albans. 
In I Edward IV. he was made Conflable of Windfor Cafile, and the 
next year he attended King Edward IV. into the North. He died 
May 16, 14 Edward IV. 

John Lord Beaumont, who in the iSth year of the reign of King 
Henry VI. was created Vifcount Beaumont, and July i, 38 Hen. VI. 
was flain at the battle of Northampton. 

Robert Molton, prior of St. John of Jerufalem, Sept. 29, 14 

Henry Vifcount Bourchier. He was a very illuftrious perfon, and 
was twice Treafurer of England. He v^-x^ Pace praclarus, Bella prce- 
clarior; concerning whom fee Dugdale's Baronage, vol. II. p. 129. 
He died 23 Edward IV. 

Henry Lord Scroope, died Jan. 14, 37 Hen. VI. 

Sir Thomas Stanley, Knight, was employed in many public fcr- 
vices by King Henry VI. and died in the 57th year jof his reign. 

Jon Say was Knight of the Shire for Hertfordfhire 33 Henry VI. 
and died 18 Edward IV. Lord of the Manor of Sayefbury, in Sa- 
bridgeworih (Chauncey 174) of Stapleford (lb. p. 270) and of Bafe 
in Broxborne, in which church he was buried with his wife Elizabeth, 
daughter of Laurence Cheney, Efq. of Cambridgeftiire, who died 
1473. (lb. 290.) 



«D 4 



ORDI- 



Kn^. 



ORDINANCES 



FOR THE 



GOVERNMENT of PRINCE EDWARD, 



SON OF KING EDWARD IV. 



MADE 27th SEPT. i;th EDWARD IV. 



A. D. 1474. 



C *^7 3 



REGULATIONS FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF 

PRINCEEDWARD. 



EDWARD BY THE Grace of God, Kinge of Englande, and Lord of Ir.elande, 
TO THE Right Reverend e Father in God the Busfiop of Rochester ; and to 

OV& RIGHT trusty, AND WELL BELOVED, THE EaRLE RyVERS ; AND TO EVERY 
OF YOU GREETINGE. WvTE YEE THAT WEE ASWELL FOR THE VERTUOUS GUYDINGE OF 
THE PERSON OF OUR DEERESTE FIRST BEGOTTEN SONNE, EdWARD PrINCE OF WaLES,DuKE 

OF Cornewalle, and Earle of Chester, as for the pollvtique, sadde, and good 

RULE of his HouSHOULDE, TO BE SETT UPP AND BRGINNE AT THE FeaSTE OF St. 
MiCHAELL, the ArCHANGELL next FOLLOWINGE, HAVE STABLISHED THEISE STATUTES 
AND OrDYNAUNCES HEREATER ARTYCULERLY ENSUEINGE, by us MADE AT WESTMIN- 
STER, THE xxviith daye OF September, the xiii.th yeare of our raigne ; which 

STATUTES AND ORDYNAU^NCES WE COMMAUNDE AND WILL THAT YE SEE THEM AND 
EVERY OF THEM TO BE FIRMELY OBSERVED, AND K.EPTE AS FARRE AS IN YOU IS. 



ORDINANCES concerning the guidince of our sayde sonnes person, which wee 

COMITTE unto THE SAYDE EaRLE RyVERS. 



FIRST, we will that our fayde firft begotten fonnr, fliall arife every morning at a con- 
venyent hower, according to his adge, and tyll he be readye noe man be fufFered lo entre 
into his chamber, except our right truflye and well belove<l the Earle Ryvers, his Cham- 
berlayne, and his chapleynes, or fuch other as (hall be thoughte by the laid Earle Ryvers 
convenyent for the fame leafon, which chaplins fhall fay mattyns in his prefence ; and when 
he is ready, and the mattins fayde, forthwich to goe into his Chappell or Clofet to here 
his maffe there, and in noe wife in his chamber without a caufe reafonable, and noe man to 
ipterrupte him duringe his maffe tyme. - . 



ITEM, 



*28 ORDINANCES FOR THE GOVERNMENT" 

ITEM, we vvyll tliat our fayd fonne hcere every holyday all the divine fervice of the 
daye in his Chappell, or Clofett ; and that he offer before the alter, accordinge to the 
cuftome. 

ITEM, we will that upon principal feaftes, and ufuall dayes of predycation, fermons to 
be fayd before our fayde fonne; and that all his fervantes be there that may conveniently be 
fpared from their offices. 

ITEM, we will that our fayde fonne have his breakfafte imediatly after his maffe, and 
between ihat and his meate to be occupyed in fuch vertuous learning as his adge fhall now 
fuffyce to receave ; and that he be at his dynner at a convenient howre; and thereat to be 
honorablye ferved, and his dirties borne by worfliipfuU folkes and efquires bearinge our 
lyverye ; and that all other offycers and fervants give theyre due attendance accordinge to 
they re ofFyces. 

ITEM, that noe raan fytt at his bcardc but fuch as rtial be thought by the difcretyon 
of the fayd Earie Ryvers, and that then be reade before him, fuch noble ftorycs as behoveth 
to a Prynce to underftande ; and knowe that the coraunicatyoti at all tymes in his prefence, be 
of vertu, honor, cunyinge, wifdom, and deedes of worfliippe, and of nothing that (hould 
move or flyrre him to vyces. 

ITEM, we will that after his meate in efchewinge of idlenes, he be occupyed about 
his learninge ; and after in his prefence to be (hewed all fuch convenient difportes and 
cxercyfes as behoveth his eftate to have experience in. 

ITEM, we will that our fayd fonne goe to his evenfonge at a convenyent howre, and 
that fone after done to be ere at his fupper, and thereat to be ferved accordinglie as before. 

ITEM, we will that after his fupper he have all fuch honefte difportes as may be conve- 
ryentlye devifed for his recreation. 

■ ITEM, wc will that our fayd fonne in his chamber and for all nighte lyverye to be 
fettc, the traverfe drawne anone upon eight of the clocke; and all perfons from thence to 
be avoyded, exccpte fuch as be deputed and apointed to give theire attendance uppon him all 
nighte ; and that they inforce themfelves to make him joyoux and merry towardes his 
bedde. 

ITEM, we will that yt be feene by his councellours and offecers, that fure and goode 
watche be nightly had about his perfon, and duely kepte for the fafeguarde of the fame. 



ORDINANCES 



OF P R I N C E E D W A H a ^^^ 



ORDINANCES concerninge of his Houshoulde, which we committk unto 

THE SAID BuSHOPPE OF ROCHESTER AND EaRLE RlVERS, 



ITEM, we will that every day be fayde mafle in the hall for the ofFyccrs of houflioulde, 
to begin at fixe of the clocke in the morninge ; and at vii ir.attius to begin in the chappell, 
and at nine a mafle by note with children. 

ITEM, we will that our fayde fonne have the chaplins, one of them to be his almoner; 
and that he will truelye, difcretelye, and dilligentlye, gether and diilribute our faid fonnes 
alraes to poore people; and that the faid almoner be confeifor to the hoiifhoulde; and the 
Other twoe chapleynes to faye maflc and devyne fervyce before our fayde lonne. 

ITEM, we wyll that no perfon, man nor woman, being within our fayd fonnes houflioulde, 
be cuftomable fwearer, brawler, backbyter, common haforder, adveniorer, and ufe wordes 
of rybauldrye, and fpetyally in the prefence of our fayd fonne. 

ITEM, we will that the fonnes of nobles, lords, and gentlemen, belnge in houfhouldc 
with our fayde fonne, arife at a convenyent hower, and here ihcire maifc, and be ver- 
tuoufly brought uppe ; and taughte in grammer, muficke, and other cuninge and exerciles 
of humanitye, accordinge to theire byrthes, and after their adges, and in noe wife to be 
fufFred in idlenefle or in unvertuous occupacion. 

ITEM, we wyll that daylie, except faftinge dayes, the houfhoulde of our fayde fonne be 
at the firft dynner by tenne of the clocke, and at fupper by fower, and every falling daye to 
goe to their dynner by eleven. 

ITEM, we wyll that the hall be ordynately ferved, and ftrangers ferved and cherifhed 
accordinge to their haveures. 

ITEM, we will that noe perfon of what eftate or condicion be be, have any fervante of 
the Courte at mealetimes to theire chambers or out of the gates, but that they keepe our 
fayde fonnes chamber or his hall. 

ITEM, we will that none of our faide fonnes Councell, Treafurer, Comptroller, or other 
offycer accomptante, nor none of our fayde fonnes houlhoulde, lodge out of his courte, 
without a reafonable caufe fnewed ; and that the ufliers make theire lodginges as neare 
together as they conveniently may. 

*E ITEM, 



.JO ORDINANCES FOR THE GOVERNMENT 

ITFM we will that our falde fonnes porters give good and dilligente attendance to the 
furl k™' Jof .1" «tes, foe that he be not at any tyme deftitute of one of them, and they 
fVon' the eade of Miche malTe, unto the firfte daye of May, be (hut. at nyne of the clocke 
n the evenmle and opened \n .he nrorninge, betwene fix and feaven and from the firfte 
J f M,vr?mt^ Michellmaffe the fayde gates to be fhutt by ten of .he clocke at mght, and .0 
b^'open^d be w Lfiv and fee in thi mofninge, and that the faide porters (hall not open the 
f„de 21.cs f-er nor afore none of .he fayd bowers lym.ted, without a caufe reafonable 
Sd'ly?:'^ of his Counrayle A"f,f-^-^jf ^d InloVeftT u^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ::^ 

Jr^™lut"LL':S.:ll% e'taf undertod^td W« ; nor that they fulFree a^ny rtuffe to be 
imbezelled out of the fayde gates. 

ITFM we will that noe perfons of our fayde fonnes houfhoulde, of what eftate or con 
rllcion he b^ mavntaine any falfe quarrell, or doe any extorc.on to any of our le.dge people 
'rtharany onTpurveyors take any ftuffe without true contentaaon or paymente for the 

fame. 

ITFM we will that if any perfon ftricke another within the houfe, that he be punifhed 
^ccordinoe To the ftatutes of our houlhoulde ; and if he draw any weapon w.thin our fayde 
fonnes ouc in vyo nee, the firfte tyme to be fett in the ftockes, and there to fytt as longe 
Is Ll be tirght be\;^ by our faide fonnes Councell ; and at the feconde tyme to 

loofe his fervice. 

ITEM, we will ."^-rreafurer and «ol.r -ake ever^yj^^^^^^^^^ 
X'a:d°thr7. te">lts X";; to maki an whole acco.pte and dcelaraclon 
thereof to our fayde fonnes councell. 

ITEM we will that the clerke of the cheques trulye execute his offyce and he nightlye 
„nt Jfhe CompT;oller or Treforer deliver the names of all thofe that be abfente. 

ITEM we will that our fayde fonnesCouncell fhall deliver writinges tothecheife ^^^ Principall 
5n eve V See as well fuch ordynaunces and ftatuts as we have ftabl.fhed concermnge their 
Xe aVoSfuela's we hereafter (hall devife for the wcrft/ippe and profute of our fayd fonne 

fhk hnnfhoulde to that intente that they fhall notte nowc excufe tbemfelves by ignorance, 
Tnd thlt'the^tdtnt" ifh the fayd counfay'le for all fuch llulfe as fhall be dehvered unto 
them for theyre offices. 

ITEM, we will that our fayde fonnes councell ordeyne and fee that there be contynually 
in our fayde fonnes houfaould'a philycion and a furgeon, lufhciente and cuninge. 

ITEM we will that the principall offycers in every offyce, fee that theyre offices be well 
exerclfed and kepte to our fayde fonnes honnor, and noe brybery or unfmmgc rule to be 
fufFercd in the fame. 

ITEM, 



OF PRINCE EDWARD. -^31 

ITEM wc will that every man beinge of the houOioulde of our fayd fonne, give ^^'s due 
and true attendance, and obedyentlye exercife theyre offyces, and at all tymes be furnilhed 
with horfe and barneys accordinge to theyre degrees, and not to be abfent without luftycient 
lycenfe, and fuch Hiall have fervantes that they be perfonable, and able to Hand m a mans 
flead, and noe children. 

ITEM we will that the generall receavor of the Dutchie of Cor newall. the chamberlayne of 
ChefteraSnte, the chamberlayne of North Wales, the chamberlayne of South Wales 
S d yes andfyLs due and accuftomed, bringe in all fuch fommes of money, as then ftal 
be due unto our fayde fonne, and to deliver yt unto his Counfayle attendmge upon h.m ; ar^d 
the favdTmoney to be put into a chefte unto three keyes, our dearefte w,fe the Queene to 
have one, the bifl,opp of Rocheiter and.theEarle Kyvers to have the other twoe, and 
alwaye the receyte of the fame moneye to be entred in a booke, and m l.kew.fe the pay- 
mente of al fuch charges as of neceffytie mufte needes be borne for our fayde fonne, and 
That our fayde fonnes fi|nette be put into the fayde coffre, and not to be occupyed but by 
the advife of his Counfayle. 

ITEM, for the weale furetye and profytte of our fayde J^""^' .^^„^';''/"^„ ^'^^^^l 
^refents Vive authoritie and power unto the right reverend father in God, John BiG^oppe 
S Rochefter and to oar righ? truftie, and wel beloved, Anthony Earle Ryvers to remove 
at all vmes the fame our fo^^ne as the cafe fhall require unto fuch places as Rial be thought 
bv tL r d cretions necelTarye for the feafon. And ever that for the fare accomplilhment of 
Se fe ftat tes anS o dynau/ces ; they have like authorytie to put them and every of them 
n ^ecutvon accordinglye to he effete and intent of the fayde articles, and the prem.ffes 
Tbove exprefcS and reherfed, and to punilhe the breaker of the fame. In witneffe of our 
whole pleafure in this behaulf we have figned theife premilTes with our owne hand, &c. 



• £ 2 CfFiCERS 



*32 ORDINANCES FOR THE GOVERNMENT 



OFFICERS HATH THEIRE FEES AS HEREAFTER FOLLOWETH. 



The Pantryes, Chippinges, and broken breadc. 

The Cellor, the voyde veffells of wyne. 

The Butlers, worne cuppes, and broken ale; and therefore be they bounde to fynde 
yeafle, to feafon bread in the Bake-houfe. 

The mailler cooke hath the fleetinge of the leade and conni-Zlcinnes. 

The remnant of the kytchin neede not to be rehearfed touchinge theire fees. 

The larders hath to theire fees the neckes of mutton, twoe fingers from the heade ; the 
legges twoe fingers from the houghe ; and the paringes of the fiankes of beifes and 
muttons. 

The purveyors of beeves and muttons, of calves, and lambes, the which alfoe 
occLipye the butcherye, hath to theire fees the oxe heads, muttons heades, the rumpes of 
every beefe, and the intrayles of every beafle excepte the oxe feete, and the uthers, the 
which be ferved in the houfe in tyme of winter upon Mondaye and Wenfdaye at fupper ; 
that is to faye, from the feafte of Alhallovves unto the Puryficatyon of our Ladye ; and he is 
bounde to anfvvere to my ladyes advantage, the valevve of all the hydes of oxen, veale- 
fkynnes, (heepe-fells, lambe-fkynnes, and the tallowe of all theife at tne ende of every 
moneth. Alfoe he is bounde to give a due accompt, every yeare once, of all the beeves 
and muttons that be delivered into his hands, and if any dye of the murryon he muft bringe 
in the hydes or the fells for his difcharge ; if any flraye awaye in his defaultc, then is he 
bounde to make a recompence. 

Wheate is never garnered there, for the bargain is made that the feller hath his tyrac 
afllgned to bringe yt in freftie from under the flayle* 



The Constitucions op the House^ 



IF any man come to late to mattyns upon the hollyday, that is to fay, after the thirde 
ieffon, he fhall fytt at the water boarde, and have nothinge unto his dynner but breade and 
water j and if he abfente hirafelf wilfully, he fliall thus be punched whenfoever he comes 
to dynner or fupper. 

IF any man be a cuftomable fwearer, or fpetyally by the mafle, he falleth into perdyclon 
after his degree; if he be one of my Ladyes Councell or a greate ofFycer, he loofeth 12 d. 
a gentleman; 4d. a yeonun zd, or groome id. a padgoB. 

ALSOE, 



OF PRINCE EDWARD. 



'33 



ALSOE, that no man mifintreate any man, his wife, his daughter, or his fervante, 
in payne of ieefinge his fervice. 

ALSOE, that noe man make debate in the houfe, for if he doe, and drawe a weapon withall, 
he lefeth his fervyce without redemptyon ; and if yt be within the houfe or without, he fhali 
have admonytion to be ware, and at the feconde tyme to be excluded out of his fervice, 

ALSOE, that every man knowe other in his degree a yeoman, a gentleman, &c. 

ALSOE, that noe man prefume to raayntaine any man's matter, without the advife of 
my ladyes Councell, in payne of loofioge their fervice. 

ALSOE, that noe man prefume to goe to fcffyons or affizes, neither for his owne matter, 
his friends, or any man's, without the knowledge and advice of my Ladyes Councell, in 
payne of loofinge his fervice. 

ALSOE, that every man at tyme of Eafter bringe fufFycient wrytinge or wytnefle 
where he was (hryven, and when he receaved the holy facrament, in payne of lofinge his 
fervice. 



ORDERS ANi> RULES 



OF THE 



HOUSE OF THE PRINCESS CECIL L, 



MOTHER OF KING EDWARD IV. 



C ♦a; } 



ORDERS AND RULES OF THE PRINCESS 

GECILL*. 



A COMPENDOUS recytacion compiled of the order, rules, and construc* 

tlONE OF the house OF THE RIGHTE EXCELLENT PrINCESSE CeCILL, LATE MoTHEk 
UWTO THB RIGHT NOBLE PrINCE, KiNGE EdWARD THE FOURTHE. 



Me femeth yt is requifyte to underftand the order of her owne perfon, concernlnge God 
and the worlde. 

She ufeth to arife at feven of the clocke, and hath readye her Chapleyne to faye with her 
mattins of the daye, and mattins of our lady ; and when fhe is fully readye Ihe hath a 
lowe maffe in her chamber, and after mafse fhe takethe fomethinge to recreate nature ; and 
foe goeth to the Chappell hearinge the devine fervice, and two lowe maffes ; from thence to 
dynner ; duringe the tyme whereof fhe hath a led:ure of holy matter, either Hilton of con* 
templative and a(5live life, Bonaventure de infancia, Salvatoris legenda aurea, St. Maude, 
St. Katherin of Sonys, or the Revelacions of St. Bridgett. 

After dinner (he giveth audyence to all fuch as hath any matter to fliewe unto her by the 
fpace of one hower ; and then fleepeth one quarter of an hovver, and after flie hath flepte , 
fhe contynueth in prayer unto the firfl pealc of evenfonge: then Ihe drinketh wyne or ale at 
her pleafure. Forthwith her Chapleyne is ready to faye with her both evenlbnges; 
and after the laft peale flie goeth to the Chappell, and hcareth evenfonge by note ; from 
thence to fupper, and in the tyme of fupper flie recyteth the le<fture that was had at dynner 
to thofe that be in her prefence. 

After fupper fhe difpofeth herfelf to be famyliare with her gentlewomen, to the fecac*on 
of honeft myrthe ; and one howrc before her goeing to bed, flie taketh a cuppe of wyne, 
and after that goeth to her pryvie clofette, and taketh her leave of God f(jr all nigbte, 
makinge ende of her prayers for that dayc: and by eighte of the clocke is in bedde. 1 truft 
to our iordes mercy that this noble PrincelTe thus devideth the howers to his highc 
pleafure. 

* From a Colledlion of Papers, which formerly belonged to Sir Julius Cxfar; now at the Board of Green- ■ 
Qoth, St. James's. 

■*F T,H.f. 



OPvDERS AND RULES GF THE HOUSE 



The rules of the House,' 



Upon eatyn^e dayes at dynner by eleven of the clocke^a firft dynner in the tyrae of h-Ighe- 
malTc, for carvers, cupbearers, fewers, and offyceis. 

Upon faftinge dayes by xii of the clocke, and a later dynner for carvers and for- 
wa\ ters. 

At flipper upon e: tinge dayes for'carvers and ofFycerSjat foure of the clocke; my lady and 
the houfiiolde at five of the clocke, at flipper. 

When my lady is ferved of the feconde courfe, at dynner, at fupper, the chamber is. 
regarded and the hall with breade and ale, after the difcretyon of the uflier. Revvardes 
from the kytchin is there none, favinge to ladyes and gentlewomen ; to the hcade offycers. 
if they be prefent ; to the Deane of the Chappell, to the Almoner, to the gentlemen ufhers, 
to the carvers, cupbearers, and fewers, to the Cofferer, to the Gierke of the Kytchin, and 
to the Marfliall. 

There is none that dyneth in their offyces, favinge onely the cookes, the fcullery, the faw- 
cerye, the porters, the baker if they be occupyed with bakeinge. 

Uppon fondaye, tuefdaye, and thurfdaye, the houfhouldeat dynner is ferved with boyled 
beete and mutton, and one rofte ; at fupper leyched beefe and mutton rofte. 

Uppon mondaye and wenfdaye at dynner, one boyled beefe and mutton ; at fupper, u: 
fup-a. ^ _ 

Upon faflinge dayes, falte fyfhe, and two difhcs of frelh fiflie ; if there come a principall 
feafte, it is ferved like unto the feafte honorablye. 

If monday or wenfdaye be hoUidaye, then is the houihold ferved with one rofte, as in 
©ther dayes. 

Upon fatterdaye at dynner, faltfyfhe, one frelhfifhe, and butter ; at fupper faltfiflie and 
egges. 

Wyne daylieto the heade offycers when they be prefente, to the ladyes and gentlewomen, 
to the Deane of the Chappell, to the Almoner, to the gentlemen-ufhers, to the Cofferer, 
to the Cletke of the Kytchin, and to the Marfnall. 

Upon frydaye is made paymente for all manner of frelhe cates ; at every moneth ende is 
made paymente for all manner other thinges j on every quarter ende the chappell is 
payde of their wages. 

At every halfe yeare the wages is payde to the houfhoulde; and livery clothe once a yeare. 
Payment of fees out of the houfhoulde is made once a yeare. 

Proclariacion is made foiire times a yeare about Berkhamfted in market townes, to un- 
derfbnde whether the purveyors, Qators, and other, make true paymente of my ladyes money 
or not ; and alfo to uuderftande by the fame v/hether my ladyes fervantes make tiue payment 
for thc-yre owne debts or not ; and if any defaulte be founde, a remedy to be had forthwith 
for a reccmpcucc. 

4 Breakfafles 



OF THE PRINCESS CECIL L. *39 

Breakfafles be there nonCj favinge onely the head officers when they be prefent; to the 
ladycs and genilevvomen, to the Deane and to the Chappell, to the Ahnoner, to the gentle- 
menuOiers, to the Cofferer, to the Gierke ot the Kitchin, and to the Marfliall. 

Ail other ollycers that mud be at the brevenieiji, have their breakfalle together in the 
Gompting-houle, after the breavementes be mr.de. 

T^he remaynes of every offyce be taken at every monethes ende, to uuderftande whether 
the OiTyccrs be in arrearaclge or not. 

Lyvery of bread, ale, and fyre, and candle, is affigned to the heade offycers if they be 
prefenie; to the ladycs and gentlewomen as many as be marryed ; to che Deane and to the 
Chappell ; to the Ahnoner, to the chapleynes, to the gentlemen uihers, to th'" ^offerers, to 
the Gierke of the Kitchin, to the Marlhall, and to all the gentlemen withm tlie houie, if 
they lye not \v. the tovvnc ; thai is to faye, whole lyverie of all iuch thiuges as is above fpecyr 
fied, from tlie feafte of ailijallowe unto the feafte of the purifycation of our ladye •, and ai'ter 
the purificatyon, hal! lyverie of fyres and candles unto good frydaye; for then expireih the 
the lyme of fyre and candle alfoe. 

To :dl ficke men is given a lybertye to have all fuch thinges as may be to theire eafe ; if 
he be a gentien-an and wil be at his ;,owne dyett, he hath for his boarde weekelye xvid. and 
1x3. for ins fervuMte. ?.nd nothing out of the houfe. 

If any man fall impotente, he harh flyll the fame wages that he had when he might 
doe be!l fervice, duringe my ladyes lyfe; and xvid. for his boarde weekelycj and ixd. for 
liis fervante. If he be a yeoman xii 3. a groome or a page ten pence. 



LIBER 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS ANGLI^i 



ID EST, 



DOMUS REGIME sive AUL^ ANGLIiE REGIS 



E D W. IV. 



Tranfcirptum veriflimiim et accuratius comparatum, 

ex ipfiffimo Maniifcripto Originali, 

fumptum 

Quod in ipfa aula Regia, curiofe et diligenter, 

fub cuftodia reconditur. 



IiiBibl. Hail. N* 642. fol. i. — 196, 



C 2 



C «5 J 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 



«i"i«AMBttM 



DoMus REGfs MAGNi In qua manfiones multe funr^ 

Lefllo prima* T T EC efl domus Regis celeftis dapiferi. Qiii fe la6te virginio ponlt in 
JL'x f^o paraclyto. In qua omnes celicole indefefla Dei vilione tanquam cibo 
Ipintuali deledtantur, de qua facratiflimum viaticum diviti et pauperi pupillo 
et humillirao miniftVandum comnlitlitur, per quam Ifraelids pluit Deus manna- 
ad manducandum, panem quoque ceii omne deledtamentum in fe habentem 
dederat cognofcendum. Volucres item celi, pifces maris, oves infuper ec 
boves, univerfa pecora campi, omnem qvioque herbam affcrentem femen et ligna 
frudlifera que habent fementem generis fui humanis ufibus fubjiciuntur. Hie 
nofter Senefcallus uberimus fua inefFabili fapientia banc domum univerfalcm 
fibi edificavit mifcuit vinum et pofuit menfam, pondere, viz. et numero et 
menfura. Omnibus nobis providens noftrum panem cotidianum aperit quoque 
nianum fuam et implet nos in rore celi et de pinguedine terre et hujufmcdi qui- 
bus noftre nature fruitur nutritura, unde Evangelida, *' Voluit enim Deus per 

I*c£lio fecunda. orbem cibaria diftribui." Et alibi, *' Preftat nobis Deus omnia habunde ad fruert- 
dum." Ab eo ergo omnis pater familias terrcnus exordium trahat et exemplura. 
Et quantum fuit fragilltas invitemur ut honorabiliorem vivendi (latum pcra- 
gamus et Deo complacentiorem, dapibus ergo univcrfis et terreni's frugibus ad 
Tuum vite fuftentamentum et defenfionem moderate fumptis qualitate eorundem' 
et quantitatem proportionatis fecundum fuarum dignitatum diitinftiones ma- 
jores pafcantur et humiliorcs neceffe eft. Sic unufquifque fecundum naruranr 
ilomachi fui varia alimenta fufcipiat; hii aute"m quibus erit fuper babundancia 
non tanium in feipforum repledriones vacabant immo verum ex hiis qui fuper- 
erint, fecundum rationis exigentiam pauperibus deledlando diflribuantur et 
fub forma urbane dapfilitatis miniftrcnt ; ob quod et fame immcrtalitatis ac 
hofpitalitatis benedi(^ionem premerituros ire diffinimus, et apud aliiffimutn- 
fumopere collodandcs fore. Hinc eft quoque fama quod hoc Regnum Anglic ce- 
tera hujus feculi regha inferculorum habundantia et varietate in rantum fupere- 
mineret ut a tempore Salamonis qnem primurn muxiraum quoque audivimus in 
terris dapiferum huic regno fimile in cftarum largitate non Jegimus repertum ;. 
unde quidam fie metrice, " Angligenis multa per uiLriiis addita elta." Ut 

Ledllo tertia. ergo Reges et magnates hofpitalitatis caufam fufcipere fuadeamus, ires caufas 
affignavimus. Prima eft, ut ab ipfo fummo datore in quo omnia, per quem om^ 
nia, de quo omnia, fine quo nichil pro caritativa diftributione bonorum tempo- 
ralium indigentibus meritum confequamur: ut Paulus commemorat, " illaiura 
enim datorem diligit Deus." Secunda eft, ut tali portione amicicias proximoruni 
lucrentur, fubdi^torura fidelltates augmcntent, amicoruni corda coniirment, ini- 

iU:Coruia, 



i6 LIBER NIGER D Oi« U S REGIS E D VV. IV. 

micorum corda jocunJa liberalitate convincant ct (ingulorum aniraos pro fua 
ingenti caritate iu fuam tutelam convertat; unde Ariltotelis, " Alexandro 
non opus eft vallo quos dextra dapfilis ambit." Tenia efl, ut tali exhibi- 
tione rempublicara a penuria per provifiones difcretas confervent et patrlam 
circ^!nfQf3m^pe^ ^plutioncs •pro-iiujofmodi-ej^peniis- fidelite-r £a6las ditent: 
undeCafliodoi'us, '" e(*juit?.s regfm Confirmat irrjtfftitia diffolvit." Auguflinus, 
" Regna fine juftitia publica latrocinia; et alibi dicitur, " vult vetus et nova 
lex ut Rex (ua debiia folvat ; fui autera fua grex ia murmure flat con- 
tinuo." 
Le<ftio quarta. Non eninVdecet'3oTl!uftr'Re^igTO'TTr-qtra-ianta caritas univerfaliter miniflra- 

tur quavis parcitate corrurapi, fet quod fit prudenter fundata et ftabilita 
fuper firmam petram, ficut fupradixlrnus in tribus, viz. Pondere, vere et fe- 
cure fubftantie monete. prime ordinationis affignande et ftabilite pro difcreta 
providencia fienda, ut non'deficiat virtus in via; Numero, officiariorum ex morum 
nobilirate eIe<ftorum, -per quos omnia debita, conformitate in honctem domicilii 
iludiol'e frequententer ; Et Menfura, qua expenfe fienide proportionabiliter in 
honorera et proficuum Regie celfitudinis modereotur et viflualium copia deli- 
ciofe preparentur, et in menfuram fufficientie porrigantur, dicitur prima, 
fecunde, nullus poteft fine delectatione ciborum.vivere quoad humanam vitam. 
Si ergo omnis deledtatio effec mala, lequeretur quod omnis vita efiet mala, fi 
bonum in quo quis delcftatur conveniat rationi eft deleftatio bona ; (i 
vero difcordet a ratione efl: dclef^atio mala. Non ergo fequamur Epicurum, 
quia gulofus de ventre fuo facit deum de coqnina templum. Tu autem, 
DOM US REGIS SALAMONI, Exemplar of houfeholding, and for a 
grounde notable in his dapfilitie, whofe high wifdome, great renowned riches, 
welfare, and high largefle, the noble Quene Saba doth wonderfully recommend, 
and fingulerly for the fadde and fiudioufe directions the orders of officers fourmed 
in eftate, and degrees, all things executing after cheyr occupaiions and chaj-ges 
to the high excellence of the King, to all other eftates and degrees of houfeholde, 
according with fo formal conveyaunce and of theyre demure worcies, attempe- 
raunce, with every dede honorable in circumftauiice unto her huge great mar- 
velyng. Alfo when fhe favve the h^bundaunce, var-ietie, .and mann?:,- of difpo- 
fition of fuche metes as came to King Salamon's table it fmote hei from any 
fprite to fpeke, thus feyng that Qusne ; that the tiouth of Salamoa his wor- 
thines was more than his fame did expreffe, feemyng alfo to her that every 
mafler officer in his fober deraen3'ng, his honeftie, his riche arra3"e, and cf all 
theyr mannerly ceremonies don in that Court, that eche of them ro'ghc be 
lykened to a King of her country : alfo for the ftedfaft obfervance of 
the good rulis, appoyntments, and ordinances for the houfeholde to kepe the 
raiiiiilres thereof from any breche, outrage, reproche, or nicetie, making 
Oixlynaie reverences after the diftinftions of every high or low degre; and 
as pepull to ftraungers cherefuU, lb many under obedyence in one bouTe, 
this caufed the wife Queue to marvayle more hugely, (he thought :here 
that every officer in unitie of love applyed to excule oiher by f.rvjce ar.d 
attendaunce that any man no fawte covvde efpye. The expenfes of this 
houleholde in common dayes drewe to xxx chooris of the mofte pure 
floure, which v/as for hymfelf, for his lordes, ladyes, and gentyles of 
, his Court ; and Ix chooris of meale for the comynaltie of his houfehold, 
A choore is called by Hu^uton conteyning thirile bufiiells. Do^or Brito feyith . 
2 a 



XIBER NIGER B O M U S R E G I S ED W. IV, 17 

2t chooi-e h as muche as a camell may beare. Kit may be fo that the busfhell of Jurye 
is lefie than viii ^^alions, as it aperith by the woman Ruth that bare vi buihells at ones ; 
and if every busfhel be viii gallons there, than it would amount dayiy expended after 
the Englilhe busfliel!, cccxxxviii quarters, and iiii busfhels bred corn. Item, dayly x flailed 
oxen very great and xx great grafle oxen, 100 grete wethyrs, grete plentie of fondry venyion, 
grete nomber of gece, and many fatte buballes, al man?r pulcry dayly, tame fowles and 
vvylde of land and water, and dayly frefhe fyllies of many diverfe kyndes out of numbyr 
for the Alyens, with muche more other fluff of vytaylys. And for the garde of his 
royall perfone, he had logged nygh unto hym of horfemcn 12,000, befides the grete 
numbyr of other divers ordinaunces and carriages. And for that his houfeholde fhukl 
never fayle, but that in his driyis Ihuld iland lure, he ()rde)'ned xii grete maiflyr pur- 
vyours, dwelling in xii divers colles, and contries of jury and Jerufalem, every to purvey apart 
from other l)y the apoyntmenr of his houfhold for one monethe in the yere, all fuche ■ 
feafonabie things according and convcnyent for the eflate of hym antl his honorable houfei 
holde, whereof is written thus, &c. 

Teflis adhuc tibi fama manet femperque manebit, 

Set fama melior ; res tibi tellis erat. 
Aiimoniam fuper omnia popuii plus rcquirunt. 

Anglia terrarum decus et flos fitiarum 

Ed contenta fui ferrilitute boni 
Externns gcntes confumptis rebus egentes- 

Dtiin fa^nes ledit recreat et reficit 
Commocia terra fatis mir.inde fertilitatis 

Profperitatc viget cum bona pacis habef. 
Anglorum portus occafus novit et ortus, 

Anglia cladis habet quod loca multa jubet, 
Et cibus et cenfus magis hie communis habetur 

Nam de more viri funt tibi magnifici. 
Anglia terra ferax et fertilis angulus orbis 
Anglia plena jocis gens libera digna jocari 
Libera gens cui libera mens et libera lingua 
Set lingua melior liberiorque manus. 

DOMUS REGIS LUD. For his famous houfholding is to be remembred in Englond. 
He commaunded his houfhold ofHcers to have it in dayly cmlome to covyr the tables in his. 
hall, from viii in the mornyng tyll vii in the night. His dayly dyet was not m.uche in fotyle 
and delicate vyaunde, but that he kept folemply with all fuche good flulTe as coude be gotten 
the iiii grete fefles of the yere, with opyn proclamations in every countrey for all manner of 
people to dime thither ; he difpofed his domef^acall men to logge mofl part of thcni • 
nightly within his courte for his proper gard, every man fluffed and renned at the Kinges 
coftes of fuche defence as he coude belt deale withall. 

DOMUS REGIS CASSIBELLAN. Standith here for a fpecial! nota, whiche, after his 
fecunde triumphe upon the Emperoure, gafe out his royall coinaundments to all the gentils 
of Bryttayne to come with theyre wifTes to raagnifye his fefle; for which he flevve 40,000 
kyne and oxen, 100,000 ihepe, 30,000 deerc, and other wilde belles of the woodc, befiJes 
the diverfe kindes of pullayle, cotiyes, wylde fowle and tame, of fee and land; with much 
other purveyaunce of llulte of vytayle, wirh. many difguifinges, playis, minflralfye, and 
fportes. . 

Item, 



tf LIBER ^TTGER DOMUS REGI^ ECW.TV. 

Item, Onrinavit pro ciiftodia corporis fui xxxiiii fortes dofliffiinos ad bella, cum gladiii 
accir.ftos et cornua gerentes propter timores ncdlurnos in vigiliis. 

DOMUS REGIS HARDEKNOUTF, rrny be called a fader noreOioure of famlliaritle, 
whiche vied tor his own table, never to be ferved with ony like metes of one nieale in ano- 
ther ; and that chaung^ and diverfitic was dayly in greate habundaunce, and that fame 
after to be mini^red to his alras-difhe, he caufed cunyng cooks in curiofuie ; alfo, he wa* 
the furft that began iiii meales ftablyfhed in ooa day» opynly to be holden for worlhiipfull 
and honed peopuU reforting to his courtc-, and no more raelis, nor brekefaft, nor chambyr, 
but for his children in houfeholde: for whiche iiii melys he ordeyned iiii marfhalls, to 
kepe the honour of his halle in recevyng and dyre£ting llraungers as well as of his 
houfeholdmen in theyre fitting, and for ferviccs and ther precepts to be obeyd in. And 
for the haH, with all diligence of ofEcers'thereto afligned from his furfl; inception, tyll the 
day of his dethe, his houfe llod-e aftyr one vnyforraitie. Thys King reygned but ii yere* 
except X da) is j he deyid drinking at Lambithe. 

DOMUS REGIS HENRICIPRIMI pod K:onqueftum Angl'. Berhhe.thefame of an ex- 
cellent mete gever, and that he ordeynyd his groundes for houfliold fo fare, that his greets 
bofpitalitie dayly llode wurfliyp fully without ciecay xxxiii yeres, his diettes and all purvcy- 
aunccs truly proved. The people reputed hym as a young Salamon, for his richefle, 
greete BobkAe, wifedom, love, and largef^e. Voluir propter otiofitatem evacuandara uc 
omnes dometlici ejus fe cccuparent cum oranimodis hulls honcftis, curn jatftu lapiduni, cuiii 
haila, arcubus, teitibus, fax is, aleis, (cutart'is, ycl cum ccieiorum jocorum diverfuate cmai 
lite polipofita, de quo fcribitur 

H;c alter Salamon, legum pater orblta pacis. 

DOM'JS REGIS EDWARDl T£:RTII, was the houfe of very polycie and flowre of 
Eaglond, the furtt letter of certeynties among his domeftycall meyne, vppon a grounded rule. 
jNotwithttandyng his fader, the feconde rdwarde, made many good cuRomcs of houlehold ; 
thereof one to be remembred fpecially was, to breede upp beeves and motonnes in hM 
parkes, fufBciaunt to ferve his houfehoJ.d i and in no dayes aibre that tyme were vfed noe fees 
of no manner vytayle purveyed for the expenfes of the houfhold, to be taken by any 
cliicer to his proper vfe, of any thing that mobght ferve to this h^-ufehold hotieilly. Alfo 
he, this thirde Edward, appointed diverfe duties vnto his offices and officers, by a formal 
and convenient cultumt; *, -niD-.e certayne -than was vfed byfore his tym.e, that is to fay, of all 
wages within court and without; all manner of lyveres of wynter and fomer ; the fees of 
all eflates, and of officers and houlholde, and degrees, as wtU of yeftes of money, fees of 
beftes, and aho fees of otlier ftuffe perufed, or otherwife oc<:upied within the court, and 
towching if, the numbyr alio of officers thoroug'i all Englond, as v;ell of his houfehold, and 
thaire clothijig for wjntcr and fomer, as ot all other ofhc-ers outward. This noble Ed- 
v.ard had greate richtlfe of his lurJez, and g;ete love of his comynautie, and among his 
ccunfellcrs grceie lludye, how to make hem riche by polycy uppon ftraungers ouce landcs; 
and, after his richefle was purchefed, his fayde lordes of counlayie fought many wayis, and 
dev)icd and corapalTed how they n^ight aflertayc ths Ki"g,e3 houfe, whiche was fo long 
anU ucrule a worke in theyre fljdye to rcfourn-.e the people of theyre old law, that 
this king prayed his lorde^ to furcelfs of theyre grete and almoft endles labour: and hymfelf 
toke all on hand. And whereas, ia the begynnyng, hymfelf was liberali, aftyr he did furlt 
refourme hymfelf and all that would be dwellers in his houfehold; and fo he framed alj 
hjs uew ftatuies, conuiiauudmentes, and charges, uppon every ollicer inward and outward . 

• The Cull-.mal here referred to is pjiuted before, p. 3.. to p. if. 

5 *n^ 



LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 



19 



and fo he exerclfcd his a<fles in honour and profit to hymfelf and to the favour and 
grete eafe of all his liege people. Example hereof we take to byide vpon a more perlk 
new houfe, bycaufe this noble King Edward the Third his houfehold variethe gretely fro the 
houfeholde that kynges have kept fynce that tyme, and yit in thies dayis, for our fovereyn 
lordes houfehold is now difcharged of the Privy Seale, and all his clerkes; of the Court of 
Marflialfy, and all his clerkes and yeomen; favyng at the v felks of the yere, whan with ther 
long typped ftaffes they owe to help the porters to kepe the gate, and the vfshers at the 
hall doore, and to precede the King in prees of people whythyr fomever the King go in 
the dayes feftyvall : of the Warderober, alfo called Clerk Purvayour, belides the gretc . 
warderober of houfhold, which is the countyng-houfe ; and the Houlliold Tteforer, called 
Cuftos Magne Garderobe Hofpicii : alfo difcharged of all artificers vnder hym, buti when 
hymfelf cumyth at the greie felles, or ells that he be fent for. Alfo in fome one office 
were ii maiftyrs, the clerk of kychyn devyded fro the pantry ; the Burteler of Englond 
for the moft part, and diverfe other offices and officers, both changed in namfe and dedc, 
as well fergeaunts of armes and raeffingers many, with xxiiii archers a foote before the King, 
flioting whan he rocle by the contrie called Garde Corps le Pvoy 5 and therefore the King 
journeyed, not paffing x or xii myles on a day; and as other officers in houfehold then havyng 
grete labour, and tooke neither wages, nor clothing fees, expreffed by the Statutes, where- 
on was greete perill; and alfo the lyvery for hdrfes at bouge of court, of gentlemen, 
and many other requiryng a grete bufynes that now is lefte and put into filver to incref^; 
theyre wages* This King appoynted of offices outward to rewarde his houfehold fervices after 
thcyre defertes to be parkers, fome forcfters, waryners, kepers of manors, baylywicks, 
conilableffiippes, porterfhippes, receivours, corrodyes, wardes, marriages, and many other 
thinges of value, in portes and townes, citces. Sec. and for his chapelmen, chyrches, pre- 
bendes, free chdpelles, and penfions, &:c. when any fuChe fell in his gii^te, or elles by his 
lettres of contemplation, to gette fuche benyfece of any other lord for his houfchold-man. 
In the feftyvall dayes, or vi'hen aflatc fliuld be fhewed, he wold be fervyd with iiii courfesor 
v; his lordes and gentyles with iii courfes, and every mefl'e after ii courfes, de quo me:rice fic 

Mente fenex etate vircns, fine fraude fidelis 
Purus came fuit juftus amanfque Deum» 

DOMUS REGIS MAGNIFICENCIE, fex habet proprletatcs ; quarum prima eft, quod 
raagnificus affimilatur fcienti quia ficut ad fcientem artificem pertinet cognitio unius ad aliud; 
ita etiam ad magnificum pertinet cognofcere proportionem expenfarum ad illud in quo fuerinC 
expenfe. Secunda eil, quod magnificus expendit magna et decentia propter bonum honeftum 
ficut propter finem. Tertia eft, quod magnificus deleftabiliter expendit eaque expendit et 
non cum triftitia quia quod aliquis fit multum diligens in ratiocinio et computatione ex- 
penfarum hoc pertinet ad pervificentiani. Quarta eft, quod magnificus intendit quum' 
facit opus optimum decentifllmum, quantum multum poffit expendere ad opus intentum 
faciendum. Quinta eftj quod magnificus expendit ficut oportet, et quum oportet, et hoc 
circa magna et decentia, quia magnificentia e(t fuper habundans liberalita? ficut et in do- 
mefticis expenfis. Sexta eft, quod magnilicus facit opus admirabile et excellens cum mao-ni- 
fudine expenfarum iiiramis etiam magnificus et libera'is et non converfo. Et fic magn!~ 
ficentia non extenditur folum circa omnes operationes que funt in retentionem pecunie, 
fed circa fumptuofas expenfas in quibus cxcellet liberalitatem ut fupradixi magnitudine. 
Ergo eft circa magnos fumptus ; ad magnum opus requiruntur proportionati fumptns. Rex 
uutem magnilicus largus eft fibi et fuis fubditis rnagniticus in ornatu conviviis pofTeOioni'- 
bus et edificiis. Certe non poffunt magna opera fieri nifi cum raagnis expenfis ; raagnifici eft: 
dare fecundunv proportionem gratie diviciarum. Et ideo diligenter eft intucndus quod 
non fuperhabuydet ne excedat m fumptibus magis quoque talis VQcatur baima ufus quafi ^n 

13 for n ace 



20 L I B E R N I G E R D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

fornace bona fua confumens Ethicorum quarto magnificus ab equall proportionato fumptam 
opus faciet magis magnificum quod efl diu duraturum quia fedit virtute re(5le Iludium quod 
oportcc. 

This is the new houfe of houfeholdes, principall of Englond in tymes of peace, bylded 
vpon thefe klnges foundations, precedents, and vpon other more notable and hulbandly houfe- 
holders, by the greate counfayll of lordes fpirituall and temporall, the cardinal of Canter- 
bury, George Duke of Clarence, Richard Duke of Gloucefter, the wife and difcrete judges, 
and other fad avifed and well learned men of Englond in all aprovementes ; and alfo many 
of them long tyme havyng knowlege of the expence and conduyie of Kinges houfes, by . 
many prudent proves and long ftudyed deliberations, by they re hole alTent for thefe formal 
diredlions that enfev/; whereof is diffined ftrongly this Royal court to ftand after thies ap- 
poyntraents that followe, of all the intermixcions poyfed by wyfedom and worfliipp, 
profit, and by reafon, anfwering to every eftate and degree, according to lyveres, competent 
wages, clothing, fees, rewardes, and other duties, by which every officer fliall mowe fuffi- 
ciently be of power in all trouth to do the Kinges fervyce honorably. So the King wull 
have his goods difpended, but not wafted. Et fic fcribitur Ecclefiaftes, *' Doraus Regis edifi- 
cabicur fapientia." 



Vifus 



LIBER NIGERDOMUS REGIS EDW. IV, 21 

ViTus efl flatus domus Regis familiaris in honore Thef hofplcii tempore pads pro xii 
menfibus et tribus feptimanis kalendarii in anno ; ultra terc' denar' bovum et multonum 
expend' prefenta five exennia domino Regi donanda fine precio ac forisfadur' coiuingent*^ 
pro hofpic', 13,000!. 

Inde poteft dieta communis ftare ad xxvL Et fi annus biffextilis fuerit 
XXV }. ultra. Summa per annum, 9150 o o 

Item, ad incrementum diet* pro fefto Sandi Georgii, 8rc. allocatur, 200 o o 

Item, ad incrementum diet' pro quinque feftis principal' in anno, 600 o o 

Item, ad Incrementum dietarum pro cera, mapperia, tela linea, offic' fpc- 
clar*, he. ad quatuor fefta ct aliis necefTariis ultra dieta fupra, 366 13 4 

Item, ad increment* dietarum pro vinis rubiis albis et dulcibus ultra quod 
allocatur fuperius in communi dieta pro feftis principalibus et adventu do- 
uiinorum ambaffiatorum extraneorum et aliorura fupervenientium ad curiam, 
per annum, 600 o 9 

Ira quod providenc* et emptiones lllorum vinorum fiant per Senefcal- 
lum, Tlief domus et Contrarotulatorem per pinccrnam Anglie, fed inde 
totaliter exoneratur pro majori proficuo et minore onere domus hujus. 

Item, ad incrementum dietarum pro remotionibus et cariagia patrie 
per annum, 300 O Q 

Et fie univerfalis dieta anni apparebit ad 30!. 2s. o ^S, plus in toto per 
annum, at5. et di. quam fumraa dietarum per annum 

Item, pro oblationibus Regis et Elemof dand' fratribus, et predicant!- 
bus, ac reparationis vefTell' argent' per eftimationem, 200 o 9 

Item, pro libro neceffariorum vadiis et expenfis ofHc* extra curiam pro 
domls Regis pro rcgnrdis gartionum et pagettarum, eflimat' per annum, 200 o o 

Item., pro feod' in moneta debita infra curiam ultra vadiis hofpicii per 
annum, 130 il 4 

Item, pro emptlone equorum fomer' et charr' cum reparatione per efli- 
mat ionem per annum. Summa, 52.0 o o 

Item pro vadiis cuftodis mutarura, falconum et fakonarum Regis, per 
annum. Summ:?, 

Item, pro robis xiii milit'offic' ut infra ad cvis. viiicJ. 

Item, pro robis xxiii Magiilrorum Clericorum et Servientium, ut infra 

Item, pro robis clx armigcrorum infra et extra cur* 

Item, pro robis, ccxl valettorum infra et extra cur* 

Item, pro robi,; x clericorum fecundariorura, 

Item, pro robis x clericorinri ferviencium. 

Item, pro robis xvi vaiei' et garc' char* 

Item, pro robis xl vallett' flabuli ad magis, 

Summa hujus dom' i3>°oo o o 

Memorarrdum. That if the King's hyghnelfe plefe to kepe a lefTe Iioufehold than the 
forefayde grete funime fiieweth of here, in this boke are devyfed nine other fmaller houfes, 
as one for a lower Prince, another for a Duke, another for a Marqueife, another for an 
Erie; for a Baron, for a Banrette, for a Knight Bacheler, and for a Squyer; whereof the 
-King may cheefe fuche as ihall pleafc hym befl. 

, D 2 THE 



40 








85 


6 


8 


53 


8 


8 


360 








220 








JO 








6 


13 


4- 


10 








27 


6 


8 



22 LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 

THE KYNGE hath gevyn his grete prcceptes vnto his Stevrard, Thefaurere, Chamber- 
layne, Countroller, Countyng-houfe •, and to all the officers, minifters, acharours, pur- 
veonrs, feroeaunts, and all other fervaunts, to folowe, execute, and aplye, all the afies, 
Ihitufes*, and appoyntments that byn aiTigned in this boke 

J^OMUS REGIS ANGLIE, under peyn of difcharging them from any office in this 
liouflioid. Furfl:, for the edyfying and comfort of all officers in this houfehold, and 
ffervaunts therein, the Kyng wyliingc the good fad rules, and the encres of cunnyng fer- 
vices by overri2;ht and doftrine of the msiflyrs of offices, hathe, of his high excellent 
grace, commaunded fpecially three things to be feen to, by the rulers of this court. Primo, 
t]\iod ferviens quifcunque vel minifler hujus domus habeat competentem viftum vnde honefle 
vivat ec valencior fiat in obfeqniis Domini Regts. Secundo, ut officii fui curam in emo- 
lumentum doraus debite ec fidelirer exfeqnatur. Tercio ut omnino fub correftione exiftac 
ne ea que honeflatcm domus Regie concerunt turpiter alienat, aut in dedecus ejufdem fua 
continuancia fuccrefcat. So for this honorable houfehold and lantern of Englond, it is 
iagreed by our foverayn lord and his councell abovefayde, for all way to be (lablifhed for 
the yerely charges in the Thelaurer of houlbold his miniftration to be taken of the moft 
fureft grounds of payment in the land, for the conferTation of his moil high eftare, and 
contenteracnt of his houfeholde royal, and creditors thereof, as it is exprefied before in 
the aftatc of this feyd court for the yere xin m°I. befide allprefents that fhal be geven 
to the King for his forefayd houfeholde every yere, not to be pre) feyd at any prife, not 
to be parceil of the Thefaurers grete receyte, but to be taken as an ayde and relief of the 
houfehold ; faving, that the officers that fnall receyve all fuche ftuff alhvayes they to make 
thereof iufl and true accompt how it Ihal be difpended to the King's vfe and worffiipp, 
with profit by ovcrfight and record of countrollers and cierkes of kychyn, and countyng- 
houfe. Now begynnyng furft, at the fervyce of metes and drinkes for his moft noble 
and royal perfon, Ihewmg enfample to all others of good governaunce, and to be after 
a rule, according lo fuche aftates and lymes as fhall require. 

THE KYNG for his brekefaft, two looves made into four maunchetts, and ii payne 
demayne, one meffe of kychyn grolTe, dim' gallon of ale. Item, at none for his bou'rde 
fitting allone, viii loves, with the trenchers ; his fervyce of kychyn cannot be exprefll'd 
at certeyn -, but the noble Edward the Third, in comune dayes feryall, beyng no prees of 
lordcs or Ihaungers at his bourde, was fcrvcd with viii diverfe difshes •, and his lordes in 
ball and chamber with v, his other gentylmen in court with iii difshes, befides potage; and 
groomes and others with ii difshes diverfe. Then the Kinges meate, two pichers and dim' 
"wyne, ii gallons ale. Item, for his foupcr by hymfelf, viii loves, with the trenchers in 
all the kychyn, after the day, or after the fluff that is had within forth, ii pychers wyne, 
ii gallons ale, befides the fruter and wafcrer. Item, bred and drinkinges for the Kind's 
perfon betwixt meeles, cannot be afcerteyned but by recorde of the ufshers of the 
chamber. Item, nyghtly for the bed making one pitcher half gallon meafure. Item, for 
the King and his chamber alfo, when the day ll:ior:neyth, and no prees of grete flraungers, 
iii tor-ches, one torcays, and iii prickettes for the table and cupbourde, if it be not faltino- 
day; vi perchers, x candells v,'ax, for the fizes of the chamber, li morters wax every nyp-hi; 
and at the fefles or cummyng of lordes, or other ikaungers worfliipfull, it mull be more 
large by the difcrefTion and recorde of the ufsher, by ovcrfight of the Chamberlayn and 
others. Item, for his own perion, one chymney hrennyng day and night xviii Ihides viii 
faggotts for wynrer feafon ; and ii ihere be more nedeful chymneys to brenne for the 
King's honor in the grete chamber, then as the chamberlayn and ufsher think refonable; and 
dayly all things to be recorded by the ufsher into the countyng-houfe. Item, for the 
bcddcs and payletts in the King's chamber, all litter and rufshes of the Serjeaunt of the 
5 - hall 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 25 

liall by ovyrfight, for all thinges that growlth of the Thefaurerc of houfehold his chargey 
muft be overfeen the expences thereof by the ft y ward and countroller. 

THE KING taketh alfo for his offering by the proper handes of the Thefanrer of 
houlholde, what greter ellaces fomeever be then in prefence, that is to fay, on Chriftma?- 
day, Efter-day, Whitfonday, and All Halowen-day, at ecl!e of thees fcftes out of the coun- 
tyng-houfe, vis. viiid. called a noble of golde^ alfo, for his dayly offerings allowed to the 
Dcane of the King's chapcU of houfehold rennvng in greete prefees of a greetc plate of 
golde, to the value of vii d'. by day, that the King off'preth •, except thofe dayes in which 
the King off^ereth the noble, then the countynghoufe, called Lc Graunt Garderobe, payeth 
V dayes, and the Jcvvell-houfc 12 dayes; that is to fay, on All Halowen-day, Michaelmas- 
day, Conception of our Lady, Chriffimafie day, Newyeres-day, Epiphany, Purification and 
Annunciation of oure Lady, Good Friday, Effer-day, Afcention-day, Whitfonday, Tri- 
nitie-fonday. Corporis Chrifti-day, AlTumption-day, and Nativitie of our BlcffiEd Lady. So' 
thies viicf. dayly, will drawe to by the yere, after 365 dayes, thereof xvii dayes abated, xt. 
iiis- viiid". Item, to the King's offerings to the croflTe on Good Friday, out from the countyng- 
houfe, for medycinable rings of gold and lylvcr, delyvered to the jev/el-houfe, xxvs. Item, 
the King offcrithe or fendithe to the ihryne of Seint Thomas of Caunterbury,. in the name of 
Chyvyage, three florynes of golde from bis privy coffers, yerely, 

THE KYNGES- CHAMBYPw Mete and foup^r to be fett with lordes, as if thaire 
effatc be fome deale alyke, often tymes a Baron may fitt there at the meffe of any Erie, 
alweyis too fuch to one melfe.- And, for a cuffome there fitting, the Chamberlayn, the Se- 
cretary, the Confeffbure, one meffe; of Knights to ferve the King of his bafen and towel], 
called for the body, one mcffe; Chapleyns owe meffe; Squires for the body, the Phifician, 
the King's furgcon, one meffe; of Gentylraen Ufshers, whiche fhall recorde that day the 
expences of the King and his chamber into the countyng-houfe ; alfo to be in the chamber 
in feryall dayes, iiii meffes of yeomen ; as the yeoman of robes, yeoman of bedd?, yeo- 
man of the crown and of the chamber, and all other to the hall, except one meffe of 
groomes waytors, etyng in a pryvate place, as with the groome porter of chamber, o-c 
within a withdraw! or warderobes, herknyng upon the ufshers of chamber yf they call; 
and if there be come fuche flranngers that for certeyn caufes muff fett in the chairber, than, 
as the ufsher thinkeih beft according, fo to be fctte and ferved by the affewer of the cham- 
ber. Item, at the grete feffes of the yere, the ofHcers of the chamber and yeomen, fliall firce 
and kepe theire meelis in the Kinge^s chamber, during the feftes; fauve groomes nor pages' 
iitte not there at no tyme ; but thees groomes ecen with yeomen of houfeholde in the hall. 
'i'he drink inges in the Kinge's chamber betwixt meles, for lordes or other ffraungers, cannot 
he afcertained, but taken by the dayly recorde of the ufshers of the chamber, as the caufes. 
ihail require. 

A C^ENE, ita quod fit Regina Regnans, and endowed with livclode fufficient, then 
if it pleafe the King and hur Highneffe, it hath byn vfcd by Quenes to pay a certaine 
dayly for theyre diets, when ffie cummyth to this court, and after the numbyr of perfo- 
nages, of lordes, ladies, gentyllwomen, knyghtes and iquiers, and other officers fuch of 
her fervaunts as fhall be appoyntcd, be etynge within this courte, or yit raking any lyveres 
at the King's charge within his hculVhold. Wee fynde of old recordes and new both, rhsc 
for the Qiiene's fervyfe, whiche muff be nygh like unio the Kinge's ; and for her lulyes, 
and other worfhipfull men and gentylwomen, theire fervices and Ivvcres, after as it accor- 
dith to high and lowe degrees, aftyr the manner as it is to the King's houfehold meynic. 
Thus, accountyng the charges that ftiall rife by her as by reiorcing to her bigimeffe, 
bothe lordes and gentyls, and other comyn futorsj alfo to pondyr the dayes cf grete feftes, 

with 



•4 LIBEP. NIGER DOM US REGIS EDW. IV. 

with the dayes of abdinencc ; confideryng alfo the reparations of napery, veffelles, and 
other lluffe, this 0111(1 cr.ufe her comyn dictte to be the more, for the high eftate of her 
proper perfon. And the higher perfons to br better fervyd than the lower, for the num- 
ber of her own ferviiunts, ard for the reforte of comers', as it is before fayde, yf her 
noble prefence be in this couitc, then the doggettes in the coiintyng-houfe here witnefie 
bothe of her venk et receflit ad curiam, vel a curia, poll prandium five ante, tociens 
qucciens. 

For herfelf, one day with another, at xls. ; and every perfon of her propyr fervaunts-xiid. ; 
and all the names that (ball take fuche lyverey and fervyce, that the lower perfcunes may 
help the hygher. The Qnene's counfell, or (uchc as be of her countyng-houfc, to fend iu 
writing the names of every fuche perfon, as oft as it pleafeith, into the Kiiige's countyng- 
houfe, to call aftyr, and that this appoyntraent ahvey be obferved ; alfo, that the money 
herefore be truly delyvered to the handes of the Treforere of the houfliold with the Kinge's 
qu.irterly ; and elles it wuU breke and furcharge the greatc appoyntment n-.ade for the 
honour of our foverayn lordes court, as keping two houleholdes fo honourable v.ith the 
groundes of one; fo that one mought hurt and minifshe the other his greate fame. Be it 
remembered, that the TheAiurcre of the Kinge's houfehold be charged with fuche receyte 
as he taketh of the Qiiene. Item, hit hath byn that the officers for the Qiiene, bothe 
hyghe and lowe, taken in fervife and lyverey fomewhat lefTe in every thinge than dothe 
fuche an officer beyng of the Kinge's proper houfeholde, to whom he is lykened by office 

I. s. d. 

Pro dieta proprie perfone Regine, per diem xls. fumma per annum. 730 o o 

Pro C fervientibus fuis infra cur' Regis pi ar.dent' ad xiid. per diem iS-5 o o 



bumma per annum, ^555 ^ <-* 

A PRINCE, the "king's eldefl: fonne, brother, uncle, or any other, beyng beyre apparent 
to his principalities, and abydyng at fojourne in this court, he hathe byn accuftomed to pay 
for his dicttes after the numbyr of perfonages that he fhall have attendauiit, and taking 
feivice and lyverey of the King his houleholde; of all whiche people the names muft be 
afcerteyned in to the Kinges countyng-houfe, and the money for them moneihly to come to 
the handes of the Thefaurere of the faide houfhoide. We fynde of fome l^rincts that 
have payde in this houfehold dayly, iocs, and fome iiiit. after theyre perfones, and as it 
pleafith the King. The Prince takith dayly for his brekefaft and mete and fcuper, lefle 
than the Ouene; and fo of all other fervyfes within this court. In cafe the piince be but 
coraeinge and goyng among to this houfehold and not to fojourne, but for to fee the 
welfare of the King's highnefle and of the Quenes, or elles that he be fent for, yet then 
he to have like fervyce if he be nat fitting at the King or Quene's table but in his owne 
chambre, out of the high prefence, there to be covered with alfayes and afi'ewer at his 
tovvell with double fervyce. Alfo one mefle at his table if it require, and the fervyce of his 
table and of his cupborde to be dayly recorded into the King's countyng-houfe. Alfo 
etyng in the Kynges hall for ten of his fervaunres. Alfo lyverey for his chamber a-r none 
and nyght xii loves, vi mefles of greete mete and roft; one fextarie of wync; viii gallons of 
ale; and for wynter lyverey ii torches, one tortayes, iiii perchers at fouper, a«d viii can- 
delles wax, one morter wax, viii candelles peris', xii tall wood, iiii faggotts; and for 
fomer lyverey, iiii Ihydcs, ii faggotts, litter and rusfhes at all tymes of the iarjeaunt uflier 
of the hall and chamber. The prince hath within this court of fuche tymes of ccmeyng and 
goyng not abyding in houfehold, xx perfones waytcrs, and the remanetrt of his officers and 
fervaunts to be at bed and bourde at the Prince's houfeholde at his lodgynge and lyverey 
in the countrey or in the town, whereat they fhalle be afligned by the King's herbergers for 
-6 the 



LIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS EDW. IV. 2$ 

the tyme, which houfeholde is- a guard unto the King. Lett it alwey be remembred to make 
in the kinges doggettesboth venit and receffit, as often as it plefith the King the Prince 
to come or goe ; and if the Prince be fo abyding in houfehold at a certayn, as it is bynethe 
efteemed, then the Thefaurere of houfehold to be charged therof in his accompt. 

L s. a: 

Pro dietsi proprle perfone Principls per diem XXX s. fiunma per annum ^.^y lo o 

Pro ^o perfonis fuis infra curie Reqis provident', ad xii th per diem, 1 
fumma per annum J ^ 



1460 o o 

A DUKE fittinge in this courte in the Kinges Chaumber fliall have etyng m the hal!, 
one knyghte, a chapleyn, iii cfquyers, iiii yoemen ; and for his chaumbre and brekefafl, 
at noone, fouper tyme, and lyverey at nyght, x loves, iiii mefl'es of grere mete and roft, for 
all day, 3 pychers wyne, vi gallons ale, a torche, ii torrayes, one morter, and in wynter 
feafon iii perchers wax, vi candylls wax, viii candells peris', x tallvvood, ii faggotts for 
winter liverie, and for fomer when he needeth fower tallwood, four faggotts, for winter 
liverie, and for fomer when he needeth, four tallwood, two faggots, litter, and rufhes for 
his chamber of the ferjeaunt ufher of the hall ; and when he dynethe or foupeth in 
his own chaumber oute from the high prefence than to be covered in all fervyfes fave 
aflay, nor his affewcr no towell but he be a King's fon. And if he be muche continuying 
and attending uppon the King's perfon, than he to have one yocman keping his chaumber 
llyll in this courte as offe as the Duke departith tyll he come agayn, taking dayly for his 
lyverey ii loves, ii mefles of grete mete, ii gallons of ale, and the fcftivall dayes dim' a 
pycher wyne. Alfo this Lord beyng prefent hymfelf, hath into this court wayters on him, 
xii perfones, the remenaunt of his maynie with his houfeholde at his lyverey within vii 
myles to this court, and he payeth for all his own cariages, barneys, and other. Item, 
that no purveyoure of King, Queene nor Prince, take no manner ftuITe within his lyverey 
fo delyvered by the Kinges herbergers, but oonly at the will of the owners, of lelfe th:?n it 
be to fell as to raarketts. His houfeholde in the countrey is called " A garde corps du Roy." 
The Steward and Thefaurere of fuch a Duke's houfehold reprefentith within it the eftate 
of a Baron ; if they be oute of the Kynge's courte, within theyre lordes proper houfehold, 

Domus propria talis Duels per fe in Anglia fundata, per annum, fuper 4000 1. 

Unde, pro dieta communis, ultra rndiis, ad 6t. 2190!. 

Pro duobus garderobis, et elemolinis, et oblatlonibus fuis per ann' 300 t. 

Pro neceffariis hofpicii et aliis expenfis forinfecis, eftimatur per ann' 400!. 

Pro donis et regardis domi et aliis contingentibus, eftimatur per ann' 200 t. 

Pro feod' Senefcall' 40 marc' — 1 hefaurar' 40 marc' — Contrarotulator* 2ot. et quatuor 
militum 40 marc', 

AuLE, Camere, et Capelle. 

Pro vadiis 40 generoforum et arraigerorum ad 76'. ct5. per diem cum venerunt computa«= 
turn cum vacationibus eorum extra per finem anni ad plenam receptionem monete poteft" 
eftimari quod quilibec contentetur cum 10 marcis et fic fufFicienter ilia fumma fatisfaciet 
omnibus els et ultra per menfem 20 marc'. 286!. 13's. 4d. 

Pro vadiis 80 vallettorum in camera, capella et hofpicii, cuilibet per diem ad ^a. — • 
fumma cuilibet partis in toto, 4!. 13s. 3ct. Unde cum quibuflibet acceperit pro tempore 
attendentle, fue vacationibus deduftis, per med' inter eos omnes non devenient et homini 
cuilibet alter ad 4!. quare licet 20 plene habeant omnes alii plene non habtbunt— et ideo 
pofuimus certum pro incerto pro vadiis 4!. Sumnia 320L 



i6 LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 

Fro vadiis 50 garcionum domus, cuillbet 53 s. 4.S. per ann' — ■ Summa 80I. 

Fro vadiis five regardis, 24 pagetcar' laborainiura, cuilibet ad 26 s. 83. per annum — 

Summa 40 marc*. 
f6 militum hofpicii izt. 
60 armigerorum et aliorum infra et extra, 60 L 

100 valectorum, infra et extra ad i8s. got. ^ ■§96 13 4 

40 garcionum, infra et extra 40 marc* 

^j24 pagettarum laborantium 8 U 



Pro Robla Eft 
valibus et 
Yemalibus. 



Summa domus talis dude 4000 o 



Ediaiatio per annum* 

De Frumento per feptlmanara, ellimat' ad 10 quarter' 

De Vino per annum 24 do!', ad icos. per mod* 

De Cervifia eftimat' per feptimanam, 3 doF 

De Bovibus, 140 

De Multonis, recentis et falfati, 1 100 

De Forcis, 400 

De Vitulis, 500 

De Damis, 4C0 

De Cuniculis, 3000 

De PuUina et aliis VolatiIibu8» 

De Pifcibus ftagui et IMarinis^ 

Pro 2.40 domedicis ultra fupcrvenientibuj et cum vacant. 

A Mx\RQUES, fitting in tlie King's chaumber v.'ith duke, erie, bifshopp^ or chauncellcr, 
fhall by tiie chamberlayn, or vfshers difcrefllon, for few (it alone in this court, but King, 
Queen, or Prince ; and they may be coupled with any worfhip. This lorde fhall have 
ttyng in the King's hall, one knyght, a chapleyn, iii efquiers, ii yomen befydes hym that 
kepith ftill his chambre. The lyverey for his (;:hambre brekefaft, none, foupertyme, and for 
all nyght vii loves, iiii meffes of grete mete and rofte, ii pichers dimid' of wyne, v gallons 
ale, one torche, a tortayes, iii perchers, v candylls v/dK, vi candells peris', viii tahvood, iii 
faggots in wynter feafoa ; and if he wull in fomer, iii tallwood, one faggott. He is 
»ot vfed to be covered in his own chaurabre within this courte, butt his cuppe ; and if he 
be often attendaunt uppon the King to this court, then he hathe a yoman, before fayd, 
to kepe his chaumbre and harncys in houfliolde, and to make redy his lyverey in the 
countrey or town dayly, taking in his raafter's abfence, one call' of br^de, ii meffes of greete 
mete, ii gallons of alej and in feQival dayes dim' picher of wync. The fum of all his 
meynie abyding with him in this courte, 10 perfones wayters, the remenaunt of his officers 
and fervaunts, to be with his houfehold at his lyverey in the countrey, logged and afTigned 
by the King's herbergers within vii myles to the Kyng, for a gard corps du Roy. No pur- 
veyour to execute his power within the Marqueffes logging or lyverey, as ferre as it 
ftretcheth, but by the allent of the owners. Alfo he payeth for his ovn carriage of barneys 
in this courte. 

Domas 



JLIBER NIGER D O M U S' R E G I S E D W. IV. 



^7 



Domus propria talis Marchiouis five Ducis per fe in Anglia fundatur per ann' 
fuper. 3 

Unde 

Pro dieta per medium eftiraatur ad iiiit. Summa i 

Pro ailocatioriibus et expenfis diiarum gardcrobaruih cum oblatlonlbvis et 
demos' eftimacur. Summa 

Pro neceffariis hofpicii et expenfis forenfibus per ann' eflimatur. Summa 
Pro donis et regardis domini fiendis per annum eftimatur. Summa 
30 armigerorum et capeliarum ad iocs, per ann' 
480 valettorum infra et extra cum capella ad v marc* per ann* 
40 garcionum cum capella ad xls. per ann. Sot. 
20 pagettarum iaborantium ad 20s. per ann' 20 1. 
Pro feod'Senefcali'zot. Thefaur' 20I. Contrarotulator' 20 marc' et iiiiMilit' 
cujuflibet 20 marc' per annum 



r. s. a. 

000 o o 

908 o o 

2CO O O 

266 13 4 

134 6 8 

150 o o 

1 00 O Q 



' 35S ® O 



Summa de vend* cepium corlorum, bovum, multonum et vitulorum 
f Quatuor milit' per annum, 

Pro robis eftivalibus 
et yemalibus. * 



800 
60 generoforum infra et extra ad xvis. viiid*. per ann* 50 o o 

100 vallettorum infra et extra ad xiiis. iiiid. per ann' joo marc' 

60 garcionum et pagettarum iaborantium ad vis. viiict. per ann' 20 o o 
Summa hujus domus, 30C0 o a 

Pro 200 domefticis ultra fupervenientibus cum vacant aliquando domino computato per le 
et domina 



Thefe lordes rewarde theire knyghts, chapeleyns, efquiers, yomen, and otber of theyre 
fervaunts, after theyre deferts. Some of his chapleyns with officyalfhippes, deaneries, pre- 
bendes, freechapels, parfonages, penfions, or fuche other; and for the feculer men, ftevvard- 
ftiippes, receivours, counftables, porterfhippes, baylywikes, wardenfhippes, forrefters, raun- 
gers, verders, vergers, fhreves, efchetours, corouners, cuftumers, countroUers, ferchers, 
furveyours, beryngs of yeres, gifts, wards, marriages, corrodies, parkers, and warenners.- 

And this caufeih lordes to rule at neede. 

A COUNTE of this courte, fittinge in the King's chamber, with a like peere, or elles 
alTifting hym a Baron; and he to have in the King's hall etyng, a chapleyn, or a knyght, 
ii efquiers, ii yomen, taking for his brekefaft, and lyverey to his chaumber at noone, fou' 
per tyme, and for all nyghr, vi loves and dim' iiii mefles of grete mete and roile, ii py- 
chers of wyne, v gallons of ale; and for wynter lyverey, from AUhalowentide tyl E(tyr, a 
torche for hyrafelf, one tortays to fett by his lyverey at nyght, iii perchers wax, iiii can- 
dells wax, vi candells peris', vi tallvvood, iii faggots, litter and ruihes all the. yere of the 
fergeaunt vfsher of the hall and chambre; and after wynter ii tallwoo<l, ii faggotts, if 
him nede, in every place within this couite fervcd uncovered ; and, whan he is abfcnt, 
to have a yoman keping his chambre in courte-, taking ii loves, ii meffes grete mete and 
rofte, one gallon ale dayly. In this houfehold, whan hymfclf is prefent, dayly to have 
ix perfones wayters; the remanent with his houfehold at his lyverey in the countrey, 
affigned by the Kinges herberger within vii myles compafl'c to the King for a garde corps 
du Roy, No purveyour to take any ftuffe within the precinft of his herbergage or 
lyverey, but for the count his proper houfehold, but only at ti:e will of the owner. Tins 
lorde payeth for hys own carriage of barneys in* the courte. The (teward and treforor 
of an Erie, or of a Bifshoppes houfehold, worlliipfully pofTefTed reprefent the rooraes o\ 
kn}^hts within theyre proper houfeholde ami rule. 

E Domuj 



Pro vadiis 
ct equis. 



a LIBER NIGER D O M U S R E G I S E D W. IV. 

t, s. 3. 
Domus Comitis in Anglla, fundata per annum fuper 2000 o o- 

Unde 

Pro dieta communi ad 40s. Summa ^©95 o o 

Pro cultubus duarum garderobarum, cum oblationibus et elcmofinrs eftimator, 
Summa 163 00 

Pro neccflariis hofpicii et expenfarum forinfecnm eftimatur. Summa 241 13 4 

Pro donis domini et regard is fiendis per annum ellimatur. Summa 100 . o o 

'16 armigerorura, cuilibet ad vi marc' 1 

Et trium equorum in liberatione domi cum vacaverit 
CO valettorum, cuilibet ad cos. habentium fingulorum 1 ^t • 
1 equos m Iiberanone domi ' ^-^ 

40 garcionum ad 30 s. habentium equos per domi ficut 
^domus Baronum 
30 generoforum, cuilibet ad xvt. 

60 valettorum, cuilibet ad viiis. J> Summa 78 

40 garcionum, cuilibet ad vis. viii5. 
Pro fcodis Senefcall^ XX 1. Thefaurar' xxt. Contrarotulator' xx marc' Summa 5-4 6 S 
Memoiand', pro pellibus bovuai et multonum expendend'. . 

This lorde may geve deaneryes, prebendes, free chappelles, corrodies; 
or elles he is founder of fome chanons, monks, or friers fyngersj thus 
he may raife a chapell by help of yomen and howfeholde cbyldren, whiche 
after, if they may not ferve in chappell, (hall ferve in houfeholde, or 
elles be preferrede by the lorde. 

Summa hujus domus 2000 o 

Edimatio per annum. 

De frumento per diem, ad 6 bnfsh'. 

De vino per diem, ad tres fextarias. 

De fervifra per feptiraanam, ad qua^tuor pipas. 

De bovibus 108 ad 15 s. 

De multonis, 1000 ad i8d. 

De porcis 100. 

De vitulis 100, 

De damis 120. 

De pifc' ftaur' et marin', &c. 

De providenc' puUina et aliis volatilibus* 

De providenc' fcut', &c. 

De providenc' aule et camere, 

De providentia ftabuli. 

Pro 140 domeftids vacant. 



A BISSHOP 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. if 

A BISSHOP CONFESSOUR fitting in the King's chambre, fliall have etyng in the 
hall, a cbapleyn, one cfquire, one yoman-, and for his brekefafl and chambre, noone, fonp.ei;- 
tyracj and lyvercy at night, iiii loves dim' ii nieffes of greete mete -and rofle, one picher et 
dim' of wyne, ii gallons etdim' ale. And wynter lyveie from Allhalowentide till Ellyr, one 
torehe wayticg vppon hyra, a tortayes to fett his lyverey in the wynter nyghtes, ii perchers wax, 
iii candells wax, iiii candells perls', iiii (hides, iifaggotts -, and for fumraer livery, z fliides, onefag- 
gott, rufshes and litter all the yere of the ferge-aunt vfsher. By the ftatutes of noble Edwarde, 
then the King found all thinges rveceflary for fuehe a confefToure his body to be taken 
of his warderober private, or thefaurer of Englond ; he kepeth in this courte 5 perfones 
wayters now, but then he had horfe mete for his horfes, clothing and chawcers for his groomes 
in fojourne. The remanent of his fervaunis to be at his lyverey in the counrrey, dely- 
\ered by the Kinges herberget-s ; paying now for all his vytayles after the prifes as the 
clerke of markett cryethe for the King : he payeth for his own carriage of barneys in coi:rt ; 
and if he be lette bloode, or ficke, than he taketh half fervice of the kychya to his cham- 
bre; and if he be any priell: of lower eftate than a Bifshopp, then he taketh dayly his 
lyve-rey ikting in the King's chambre ; and raking for his chambre, yet of the greete fpycery 
at Criftmas and Whitfontide, ia all ii bouide clothes, conteyaing both vi elles, and ii fhorte 
towel les of ii elles. 

CHAUNCELEOR OF ENGLOND, takith for his yerely fee out of the King's fellars, 
or at the port, by the butiler's alignment, bell for the King to the chauncellor his own houfe- 
holde vie, by caul'e of his office, for everey of the kalender of the yere, a dolium of wyne, 
bothe for to fhewe of wynes the more largefTe unto the niaifters of chancery, as to few* 
tori, flraungers, and rcforters to his houfeholde, bering the King's greete key of worfhip 
and profit, as well as for to geve his favoure and tender love to the honour, fad and 
ftedfali; guyding of the King's houfeholde, and of all the fervants thereof: wherefore all 
the lordes aforetyme, which have byn chauncellers, allwey graunted and continued this 
privylege to every eftate and degree highe and lowe, of the felyfhip of the King's 
houfeholde, charged and named in the greete rolle of houfeholde. Then he to have all 
fuche writtes as he fhall nedefully flievve for hyrafelf by his proper name, exprefled in 
that writte of the common lawe of the chauncery feale free. This vfage and noble cuftomc, 
hath not ben denyed, and therefore twyce in every yere the clerke of the hanapre (hould 
calle a newe houfeholde rolle oute of the King's countynghoufe, bycaufe of nevve charg- 
ing and difcharging of fervaunts, officers, and others. Sec. This houfeholde rolle, con- 
tayneih many names more than the rolle chekke; when and as often as the Chauncellor, or 
any other lordes of greate eftate, refone to this honourable courte, they muft be fervyd after 
theire eftate, and remembered in the King's countynghoufe bothe of theire veuerunt and re- 
ccflerunt. 

CRETE CHAUMBYRLAYNE OF ENGLOND, comithe to this courte at the five prin- 
cipall feftes of the yere, take fuche lyverey and fervyfe after the eftate he is of; and for his 
wynter and fomer robes, for the fefts of Criftmas and Whitfontide, to be taken of the coun- 
tynghoufe by evyn porcions 10 I. 13 s. 4d'. ; and for his fee of the Kiog's houfeholde at the ii 
lermes of Efter and Mighelmas, by evyn porcions, xx marcs in the couutyng houfe. 

CHIEF JUGE OF THE COMYN PLACE, is called a grete merabre of the Kir,g's houO-, 
for whofe favour counlayle and affiftance in the lawe to be ftiewed to the houfehold matters and 
fervaunts, he takethe a yerely fee by the hands'of the butteler of Englond, at ii termes of the 
yere by equal! portion, ii ton of wyne; which is allowed in the accompt of houfeholde. 

E 2 A VISCOUNT 



OJo 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 



A VISCOUNT, fitting in the King's chambre, Ihall have In the hall etyng, one chapleyn, 
one efqiiier, one yoman ; and for his biekefafl and chamber at none, fouper tyiiie, and 
lyverey at nyght, iiii loves, iii nieffes of grete mete and rofle, one picher wyne, iii gal- 
'lons dim' ale ; and for wynter lyverey, one torche, ii perchers, and iii candells wax, iiii 
candells peris', iiii tallwood, ii faggots ; and for fomer fealbn, ii tallwood, one faggott; 
alfo havyng into this courte of wayters vpon hym of his own fervaunts, vi perfons; 
•the remenant with his houfehold at his lyverey in the countrey, within vii myles of the 
courte, for a garde to the king; paying for his proper carriages in this courte. And for his 
yoman, keping his chambre in abfence of this lorde, he takethe dayly, one payne, one 
melfe gros chare, one gallon ale. No purveyour to take within his lyverey, but by afTent 
of party, and all his proper purveyaunces there, after the King's prifes, as the clerk of the 
inarkett.his byll declareth into the countyng houfe. 



Summa 
Summa 

xxxiiit. vis. viiicl. 
xlt. 



Domus Vicecomlfis in Anglia fundatur per annum fuper 

■ Unde 
Pro dieta per medium ad 20 s. Summa anni 

• Pro renovationibus in garderobis, cum oblationibus et elemonfiis efHmat* 
'Summa 

Pro necefTariis hofpicii et expenfis forenfibus, eflimatur. 

Pro' donis et regardis domi faciendis per ann' eftimatur. 

Pro vadiis 10 generoforum, cuilibet ad v marc' 

30 vallettorum Cuilibet ad xls. — 

12 garcionum cuilibet ad xxvis. ¥1113. habentes equos geldings ad cuflos 

domi. Summa xvit. 

Pro robis 20 generoforum, cuilibet ad xs. 

40 valettorum, cuilibet ad viiis. 

24 garcionum, cuilibet ad vis. Summa 

Pro feodis Senefcalli, xt. et Thefaurar' viiit. Confiliariorum domi cum 
clerico, 40 s. 

Summa de denarlis proveniencium de venditione coriorum, bovum, cepium," 
pellium, multonum et vitulorum per ann' et ultra. 

■ Hie etiam poteil levari capella cantancium trina vice in feptimana, viz. Ad- 
jutori eorundem ferviencium hujus domus eledtorum ut fupra cum peniten- 
tiis vadiis ut fupra ad miifas et vefperas. 

Summa hujus domus 

Pro 80 domefticis ultra fupervenientibus domino et domina computatis per fe 



J. 
1 000 



s. 
o 



a. 

o 



] 



511 

80 



200 o o 
500 marc* 

.109 6 8 



33 6 8r 



1000 o a 



De bona providentia. 

Per diem in panem, eflimatione communi, 3 s. 

Per diem in Ix-gall', cftimat' 5 s. 

Per diem unius fextarius vini, eftimatur 2s. 
• Per menfem, vi bovum, eftimatur, 3!. 6s. 8d. 

•Per menfem 90 multonum 

Per ann' tempore fuo, 70 porcor' 

Per ann' 100 vituli, lot. 

Per ann' 80 damas 

Per ann' in pifcibus ftagni, viz. Mor' Mellewell, Codde, Sec. 
. Summa eftimatur per medium domini vel domine aliquando extra prandium 
vel cenara ex recognitionibus et aliquando per abftinentiam vota vel devotiones. 



A BARON 



I. 


S. 


ct. 


500 








202 








50 








56 








i 50 









LIBER NIGEPv D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. jt 

A BARON fittyng in the Kinges chambre, or in the hall, with a perfon of like fervyfe, 
he fliall have etyng in the hall, a gentilnian and a yoman ; and for his brekefaft, and in 
his own chaumber at none, fouper tyme, and lyverey at nyght, iii loves, ii meffes of grete 
mete and fome rofte, dim' a pycher wyne, ii gallons ale ; and for wynter lyverey, one 
tortayes, one percher, ii candelles wax, iii candelles peris', iii talwood, ii faggotts ; and 
for fomer lyverey ii faggotts ; and Vvhan hymfelf is oute of courte, than he fhall have a yo- 
man keping his chaurribre, dayly to ete with the chaumberlaynes in the hall, till his 
lorde come agayn. Item, a Baron to have within this courte iiii perfounes wayters; the 
remanent of his raeynie to be with his houfehold, at his lyverey in the countrey withia 
7 myles by the King's herberger delyvered, taking his prifcs for his proper expences, there 
fo awayting vpon the King, after the clerk of the market cryes there fhall no purveyour 
of the Kinges take or make any purvyaunce within his lodginge, but by alTent of the 
party owner. Thoughe the King geve clothing embrawdered, yet thefe lordes, nor knyghtes, 
have none but by a fpeciall fuite, or warraunte under privye feale, diredted to the King's 
wardrober of chaumber. 

Domus Baronis in Anglia fundatur per annum fuper 

Unde 

Pro communi dieta per medium ad xvis. Summa anni 

Pro reparationibus garderobarum et oblationum et elemofinarum eftimatn 
Sum' J 

Pro neceffariis hofpicii et expenfis forenfibiis, eflimatur per ann', Summa 

Pro donis, regardis domi, emptione equorum cum husbandria eltimatur, Summa 50 

Pro vadiis iiii generoforum, cuilibet ad 40 s, ~\ 

xvi valettorum, cuilibet ad 40 s. > Summa 42 o o 

et vi garcionum, cuilibet ad 20s. J 

Habentes equos gyldynges ad cuflus domi et cum laboraverint quilibet equus 
percipit pro baitagio, i cl. ct pro tota no6te quilibet equus iid. ob. ct quociens 
pervenerint fic laborandum ad aliquod hofpicium vel manerium domini regar- 
dantur iii equi generoforum ad i bu(P aver'. Et equus unus valett' ad prec' et 
cum non laboraverint quilibet equus percipit per diem i peck aver' vel i ja(f^um 
pan' equin', fimili modo duces et alii domini fuperiores et inferiores rcguntur 
exceptis. 

Pro liberata pannorum per ann' 30 hominum in veftura, fum' 10 o a 

Pro feodis fenefcalli, iot. — et recept' et unius clerici fervientis 4L per ann' 

Pro venditione pellium et cepium, bovum, muttonum, vitulorum, et alio- 
rom per ann' — 

Summa hujus domus, pro 40 domeflicis, ultra fupervenientibus domino et 
domina computatis per fe 500 o o 

A CHAMBERLAYN FOR THE KING in houfehold, the grete officer fitting in tlie 
Kinges chambre; and when it requireth for matters to be comyned of the Kinges counfayle, 
then his metes and foupers in his own chaumber, or ellcs with other eftates of the houfehold, 
as it fhall feme hym beft. He'taketh his brekefaft, if he wulle, in opyh dayes; he pre- 
fenteth, chargeth, and difchargeth, all fuclie perfounes as be of the Kinges chaumbre, ex- 
cept all fuche officers of houfehold, as miniftre for any vytayle for the Kinges mouthe, or 
for his chambre; for all thofe take theire charge at the grcne cloth in the coun ynghoufe. 
This is the chief hed of rulers in the Kinges chambre. Item, as often as he chargeih 
or difchargeth any new perfon in the chaumbre, to prefent thufe perfoncs and names, into 
the countynghoufe. Item, he harh the punition of all them that are longing to the 
chaumber for any offence or outrage; favvnge the right of the countynghoufe in chekking 
2 the in- 



32 L I B E 11 NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV, 

them for theire vacations, or for lak of rccordes, or myffe recording, or for lofs of torches, 
naperye, pottes, cuppes, vvoode, or fuclie other Ituffe comyng fro the TheHiurers charge; ajid 
by them fo raifcarried. The Chanmberlayii laketh his othe and ftaffe of the King, or of 
his counfayle ; he (hall at no tynie within this courtc be .covered iu bis fervice; he may 
have etynge in the hall ii efquiers, ii yonien; and for the yoman and other keping las 
chaumbre, and for his proper lyverey at nyghr, in opyn daycs vi loves, iiii mefles of grcre 
mete and rofte, one picher wyne, iiii gallons of ale, one toiche, one percher, iiii c'dadeiles 
wax, vi candelles peris'; for wynicr lyvcrcy, vi talhvood, iii faggotts, the larger bycaufe he 
(huld take nothing of fuche ftuffe from the King's chauraber, nor la&^v none to be taken 
away bnt for worihipp to the King; he takcth alio for fomer iyvercy, iii taihvood, une fa»^- 
got, rusfhes and litter all the yere of the fergcaunc uilier of the hall and channnber ; and of 
all other vytayle and ftuffe as he fhall have ncde to within this houfehoid, gevyng eufautnplc 
ot' his content and moderate collages in court, bothe to the Kinges honour, and proiir. Item, 
for his robes at Crillmas and Whitfonride of the couniyng-houl^s by cvyn porticos, 8 sharks, 
and for his fees at Michaelmas and Eafter by even portions, lo marks. This groweth to 
hym from the hoofehold, and not of the jcwell-houfe, nor of the King's warderobe, for the 
favour and help that he fliulde owe in affilHng the Stewarde, Thefaurcre, and other officers 
of houfeholde, in fpeking to the King's higliiiclfe, or to his noble counfayle, for the ayde 
and goode continuance of the honorable conduces of his houfeholde. Item, Arhan hymfelt 
is abient from ccurte, he levith a yoman to kepe h[s chaumber, and purvey for his lyverey 
of ftuffe in the countrey, taking in courte at mele tymes, one payn, one mefle grolle de ku- 
fyn, one gallon fervoice ; and whan hyrafelf is prefent in this courte, to have in all vi per- 
fons wayters within the gate. The remanent of his fcrvaunts abydyng with his houfeholde 
at his lyverey in the countrey, a garde du corps le Roy ; his lyverey, and every other with- 
out the Kinges gates is delyvered all wayes by the ailent of the Kinges herberger, and that 
by his byll ; and within the Kinges gates, no man fliall harborow or affigne but this cham- 
byrlayn or uslher, or fuche other \mder hym of the Kmg's chambre havyng theyr power. 
This chamberlayn befyly to ferche and overfee the King's chambres, and the aftate made 
therein, to be according, Hrft for all the array longing to his proper royall perfon, for 
his proper beddes, for his proper boarde at meale tymes, for the diligent doyng in fervyng 
thereof to his honour and pleafure ; to affigne kervers, cupbearers, affewers, phifitians, 
almoners, knyghts, or other wurfhypfull aftate for the towell, and for the bafyn fquires of 
of the body to be attendaunt. The uslher of the cham.bre ever to fee, and quikly to remedy 
every thing lacking or defautes as well in the King's inner chaumbre as in the utter chamber, 
fpecially in fight towarde ftraungers of worfhip if the King kepe aftate in his chaumbre. 
And dayly this ulher maketh his towell or furnape, as dothe a Marchall when the King is in 
the hall. 

BANNERETTES, IIII, or Bacheler Knights, to be kervers and cupberers in this conrte, 
of lyke degree for the kinges perfjn, fitting in the hall at one of the mete?, with a per- 
fon of lyke fervyce ; or when any of them kervith, and the cuppberer aUo done fervyfe, 
then to fett in the hall at the furft or latter mete; and the greate Almoner with hym, 
if he vvyll attende, or elles with another, but not of the hall in like fervyce. They arc 
called knyghtes of chaumbre ; everych of them ftialt have a Gentilman and Yoman catyng in 
the hall, and for his own brekcfafte and chambre day and nyghr, ii loves, cue meffe of gros 
mete, dim' pycher wyne, ii gallons ale; and for vvynter feafon, from Allhallowentyde till 
Eftyr, one tortays,. one percher, ii candelles wax, ii candelles peris', ii talwood, ii faggotts, 
ruslhes, litter all the yere of the fergeaunt usQier of the hall ; and when they are out of 
court, than they have ii yomen abyding ftill to kepe theyre iiii beddes, fitting with the 

chamber- 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGISEDW. IV. 33 

chamberlaynes dayly in the hall, till their maiders come ageyn ; and if there be il maflyrs 
io oute of courte, then to have one perfon fo keping theyre ii beddes and etyng in the hall, 
and levyng no more in the courte behynde them ; and if they do, that man to have no mete 
in this court vvhyles his maifter abfenteth ; neither they to kepe no houndes in this courte, 
but at theyre lyverey. Every of thies kervers taketh for his attendaunce of the countyi>g- 
houfe for his robes, wynter and fbmer at CriftmafTe and Whitfonride, equally, viii marcs ; 
and for every of theire fees at Erter and Michaelmas, equally, x marcs ; and foj- everych of 
them comyng in to this courte, iiii perfones wayters, the remenant to their lyverey, with 
theyre horfes and houfeholde in the countrey nygh together. A kerver at the boarde, after 
the King is palled ir, may chefe for hymfelf one dyflie or two, that plentie is among. The 
king will affigne a difhe to fome lordc or ftraunger in chaumbre or hall, elles the almoner 
woll fee to ftraungers in fuche rewardes, if it feme hym worlhipfuU, ellcs all at the Kinges 
boarde goethe to almeife. 

IN THE NOBLE Edwardes dayes worfhipfuU efquires did this fervyce, but now thus 
for the more worthy. Theis kervers and cupberers pay for the carriages of their barneys 
and other in coui'te. Them nedeth to be well fpede in taking of degree in the fchole of urba- 
nytie. 

Domus talis Bannerctt' m Anglia fundat' per ann' fuper, 2Qot^ 

Unde 

Pro cotidiana dieta ut in panibus potu vidtu coquine, expenfis ftabuli ct aT 
ad 6s. viiid. Summa anni, izit. 13 s. 43". 

Pro renovatione garderobe cum oblationibus et elemofinis cflimatur fumma, 25 1. 

Pro necelfariis reparationibus hofpicii et aliis expenfis forenccfis eflimatur fumma 16 U. 

Pro donis regardis et ad efcambia equorum eilimatur, fumma 10 1.' 

Pro vadiis unius fenefcalli et-receptor, z\. 13s. 4d'. 

Pro iiii raulieribus in vadiis, per annum, 6s. 8d. 

Unius clerici fcribent' generofi pro menfa domi, 2t. ^22 t. os. oS,. 

Duorum vallettorum, 4!. et unius valletti, it. 6s. 8d. 

vi garcionum laborancium per annum, 6\. 13s. 43. 

habentes equos geldinges ad cnftus magi Her cum equitaverint, fumma 

Pro llberata pannorura pro Senefcall' ac recept' bis per annum, viz. Ydival'"' 
et eraal' 13 s. 4^. 

Pro liberata cleric' et iiii valettor' yemal' et eftival' i L 13 s. 4(J. 

Et pro xvi aliis fervientibus inter eos dividend' 41. Summa 

Memorand' de denariis provenientibus de coriis pellibus et cepium bovum 
multonum et vituJorum, per annum ad fupplendum omnia alia deficiencia in 
line anni 

Summa hujus domus 200 a o" 

Pro xxiiii perfones domeflicls vacuis- Magiftro et Magiftra computat' per fe cum filiis. &c» 

KNYGHTS OF HOUSEHOLDi, XII, bacheler^ fufficiant, and moft. valient men of that 
Ordre of every countrey, and more in nurabyr yf hit pleafe the Kyng; whereof iiii to be con- 
tinually abydyng and attending uppon the King's perfon in courte, befides the kervers, as^ 
above fayd,. for to fervc the King of his bafon, or fuche other fervyfe as they may do- 
the King, in abfence of the kervers, fitting in the King's chaumbre and hall, with periones- 
of lyke fervyce, everyche of them have etyng in the hall, and taking for his chaumbre ac 
none and nyght, one lofe, one quart wyne, one gallon ale, one percher, one candell wax, 
ii candelles peris', one tallwood etdim', for wynter lyverey, from Allhalowentyuc tyll Eftyr,, 
rufshes and litter all the yere of the fergeaunt vfsher, and for keping of theyre fluff and 
chambre, and to purvey for theyre flulTe j alfo at iheyre lyverey in the countrey, araongeS' 
4. the IB' 



61. 6 s. 8 3. 



34 LIBERNIGER DOM US REGIS EDW.IV. 

them all, liii yomen ; afrertyrae viii of thefe knyghtes be departed from court, and the 
three yomen to ete dayly in the hall with the chamberlaynes, tyll theyre fayd Maiftyrs 
come agiyn; fo that the number of knyghts fervaunts be not increfed whan theire mayfters 
be prclenr. Every knyght Ihall have reforting into this court, iii perfones wayters ; the re- 
nienant of theyre fervaunts to be at theyre lyverey in the countrey, within vii myles to the 
King, by the herbergers fufficiently lodged; and if it may be, ii knyghts togeder; alfo they 
pay in this cnurre lor the carryage of theyre own ftulfe; and if a knyght take cloathing, 
jc is by warrant made to the King's warderober, and not of the Thefaurer of houfehold. 
Sonieiymes knyghtes take a fee here yerely of x marcs, and cloathing, but becaufe ray clothinge 
is not according for the King's knightes, therefore it was left. Item, if he be feeke, or fpe- 
cially lette blode, or clyftered, then he taketh lyverey iiii loves, ii mefTe of grete mete 
and rofte, dim' picher vvyne, ii gallons ale. This lettyng blode, or clyftryng, is to avoyde 
peftylence, and therefore the peple take lyverey oute of courte, and not for every fykneffe in 
.man contynuyng in this courte. 

Domus talis Militis in Anglia fundatur per annum fuper, 20ot. 

Pro quolibet die eftimatar,. i bulf frumenti ad 6d'. — Surama anni 5 quart' 5 buff' denario- 
riim. Summa 9!. 2 s. 6^, 

Pro quolibet die eftimatur circa 12 gall' cervis' ad o^B. qiiad'. Surama anni circa 40 
pipas. Suinma denarior', 26t. 13 s, 4^. 

Pro una pipa vini per annum eftimatur, fumma 46 s. 8 3. 

Pro fex pipis cifere faciend' quolibet ann' crefcente in ortis domi, fumma fuum precium ' 

Pro cera, fucro, melle et aliis fpeciebus et candell' paris' per ann' fum' .50 s. 

Pro 14 bobus ad 10 s. per 26 feptimanis carnium in anno fumma, 8t. 

Pro 6d multonis per idem tempus 4!. 12 s. pro 16 bacon' 20 s. pro 20 porcis'" 
de Itaur' pro 13 vitulis de flaur' domi pro 60 porcellis de flaur'. 

Pro 20 agneir de flaur' pro 12 damis in ann' per captione canum domini 
plus conltant quam conferunt venaiione Mil. 12s, 

Pro anceribus, cignis, caponibus, gallinis, pultrinis, herones, perdicibus, 
pecokes, cran' et minoribus volatilibus de flaur' domi et per falcones cum cuni- 
culis 100, fumma 

Pro receutibus carnibus emendis, eflimatur pro 198 diebus anni ad i2d'. per diera, 
fumma 9 t. i8s. 

Fro 16 morum in anno, 10 s. pro 50 dryhake, 3 s. 4S. pro 26 flokfilhes, 6 s. 6S. pro 
allec' rubiis 9 s. pro allec' albis 12 s. pro 8 falmons precii 8 s. pro cade fprattor* i8d. pro 
caflis fine precio, pro cepibus, herbis, ovis, buttyro, lacte et oftriis, per ann' eflimatur 20 s. 
Et pro pifcibus recentibns, pro 168 diebus abftinencium in anno ad lod". per diem, fumma 
oj". 195.23. cum adjutorio rivorum et flagnorum domi cum fru^lubusortorum, fumma loL 9s. 63, 

Pro renovatione fienda in diverfis officiis per ann' eflimatur 40 s. pro fal* gre et al* los. 
pro cenap' vinagre, per annum 6 s. 83. 

Pro vergeous fine precio, pro carbonibus fiend' de bofcis domi, j^s. 

Pro ICO carre(fHs bofc' de bofco domi, &c. 33 s. 4d. cirpis, &c. fine pretio, fumma 4s. 

Pro impolitic fenis, 2I. xx quart' aven' it. i6s. 8d. cmptiones equorum et excambia cum 
reparationibus herncfiorum flabuli, eflimatur per ann', 66s. 8d. Summa yt. 3s. 4d'. 

Pro vadiis Senefcalli fcrib.mtis ac cuftod' cur' domi et recipient' omnia onera hofpitii 53 s. 43". 
et unius juvenis gencros' attend' ad menfam domini 26s. 8d. unius officiarii pidrine, panetrie, 
et buttillerie, per ann' 40 s. unius coci, bochour, lardenar ad fquylour, per ann' 40s. cum 
uno puero in auxilium fibi capient' per ann' 8s. 43. et pro uno cuflode equorum domini 
26s.- S3, et pro cuilode canum et falconum et capientium damas aves Sec. per ann' 20 s. 
fumma lot. 15 s. 

Pro 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 



35 



Pro aliis Deceflariis et expenfis forincefls cum donis domini, per ann* ^l. 12s. 4^* 

i^ro robis Magiflri et reparationibus camere fue per ann' 4!* 

-Pro fuis oblationibus et elemofinis eftimatur per ann' 13 s. ^S» 

Pro liberata pannorum xvi perfonarum, fumma 4I. 

Summa hujus domus, lool:. 

Pro xvi pcrfonis domefticis vacuis magiftro et raagiftra compntatis per fe abfq\ie parvulis. 
Memorand' de denariis provenientibus de coriis et pellibus bovum, raukonum, et vitulorum 
per annum expenditorum in hofpicii. 

A SECRETARY, fitting in the King's chambre or hall, with a perfon of like fervyfe ; 
and he fhall have eting in the hall, one gentilman. Item, for his chambre for all day, 
iii loves, ii meffes of grete mete, dim' a picher wyne, ii gallons ale, one torche, one pfr- 
cher, ii candells wax, iii candells peris', in vvynter feafon, and iii lallwood, ruyflies and litter, 
all the yere of the ferjeaunt ufsher of the hall and chambyr, parchemynte and paper, 
fufficiaunt of the office of the grete fpycery, by overfyght of comptroller or his clerks, and 
that to be allov/ed in the countyng-houfe, and alfo red wax ; and whan he hathe nede of 
muche writing, than he to have commaundment from the feyd countyng-houfe for perchers 
of t.illo-ve, or fmallcr candells peris'. To this office are belonging iiii clerks, fufficiaunr 
writers of the King's fignet under the feide Secretary, eting dayly m the King's haM; and 
for theyre lyverey at nyght a gallon ale, and in wynter feafon, one candell peris' ; and whan 
theyre bufmefs requireth, then, by the Secretary's proper recorde, thefe clerks to have 
dynners and foupers to theyre fcriptory, taking fo for one mele one payne, one mefie gros 
de culyn, dim' a gallon fervoil'e. The Secretary and his clerks pay for theire carriage of 
harnc3's in courte, except a littell coffer in which the King's warraunts and billes afTigned, 
and other, Icttres and remembraunces be kept upon a t^lace. This coffyr is carried at the 
King's cort, whereas the Countroller wull affigne. The Secretary he hath into this courte 
iii perlbnes vvayters on hym for all that office. The remanent of all other feivaunts to be 
founden at his lyvery in the countrey deliverede by the herberger, fufficiauntly for hym 
and all the clerks; and whan hymfelf is oute of courte, he hath a yoman to kepe his 
chaumber, etyng at the Chaumberlayn's bourde in the hall : both he and his clerks take 
clothing of the King's warderober. 

CHAPLEYNS IIII, or more, as it pleafith theKinge; whereof ii alweyes in the cham- 
bre be fitting at meales, fuch as fay the day matyns maffe before the King for graces : that 
other ii in the hall with perfones of like fervyfe. Item, eche of them hath eting in the 
ball a yoman at the Chaumberlaynes bourde. Item, everyche of theis maiftyrs taketh lyverey 
for his chaumbre at nyght dim' a payn, a quart wyne, one gallon fervoice ; and for wynter 
feafon, one pcrcher, one candell wax, ii candells peris', one tallwood dimid' rufshes and 
litter all the yere of the fergeaunt ufsher; and if any of them be benyfyfed to xlt. he 
taketh no wages in this courte, but abiding for his attendaunce, till he be preferred by the 
King's gift when a^it falleth. Item, they take nothing of the King's warderobe, but if, 
?ny of theym (land in the chekker roll. Item, they pay for the carriage of their own 
harneys in this courte ; and everey of theym may have of wayters on them in this courte 
ii perfones honeft ; the remanent to be at theyre lyverey with theyre horfes in town or coun- 
trie. Item, if any of thefe chapleyns be lett blode, or be fycke, than to take fyke lyverey 
as the knyghtes don. Everych of theym hath one perfon honeft at the Chaumberlaynes 
bourde in the hall. Thefe chapleines given attendaunce for mattiues, malTes, and other 
devotions, to be ready at fuch feafon and place as the King will be difpofed, 

F . ESQUIRES 



5« LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 

ESQUIERS FOR THE BODY, UK, noble of conditions, whereof alwey ii be atten- 
tlaunt upon the King's perfon, to array and unarray hym; to watche day and nyghr ; to 
dreffe hyra in his clothes, and they be callers to the chaumberlayn, if any thing lak for his 
perfon or plefaunce ; theyre bnfmeS' is in many fecrets, fome fitting in the King's chaumbre, 
iorae in the hall, with perfones of like fervice, which is called Knyghtes Service, taking 
every of theym for his lyverey at nyght di' a chere loffe, one quart wyne, a gallon ale; 
and for wynter lyverey from All Haliowentide tyll Eftyr, one percher wax, one candell wax, 
ii candells peris', one tallwood and dim', and wages in the countyng-houfe ; yf he be pre.fent 
in courte, dayly \\\3. ob' and cloihinge with the houfehoide wynter and fomer, or xls. 
befides his other fee of jewel-houfe, or of the Thefaurere of Englonde; and befidcs his^ 
wachyng, clothing of chaumbre of the King's warderobe. He hath abyding in this courte, 
but vii krvauntes, lyverey fuff.ciaunt for his borfes in the countrey by the King's herberger; 
and if any fquier for the body be lettc l)Iode, or elles for watched, he fliall have iyke 
l)verey wich knyghtes, litter and rufshes all the yere of the fergeaunt ufsher of the hall and 
chaumbre : oftyn tyraes thefe ftond in ftede of kervers and cupberers. 

A SEWAR FOR THE KYNGE, whichc owght to be full cunnyng, diligent, and 
attendaunt; he receveth the metes by fayes and faufly fo conveyeth ic to the King's bourde 
v;ith fauces accordingly, and all that comcih to that bourde he letteth jind dyrecteih, except 
the office of pantrie and buttrie ; he feweth at one mele, and dyneth and fuupeth at another 
mele, and to fitt in the hall with a perfon of like fervyfe ; and dayly hym oweth to be with 
the loverayns or rulers of houfliold prefent at ordinance, there to here what dial be pur- 
pofed for the King's noble perfon, and the proportion of as for his bourde only ; and than 
there to fjye, if any thitig be fpecially that the Kinge defireth hyn:felf. Item, if t!^.e 
King's furveycur lacke, then this aTewcr, with the clerk of countrolment and the clerk of 
kychyn, and the mafter cooke for tlie mowthe, Ciail go fee the King's fervyfe and deyntes 
of fiefshe and fiOie, that it be alwey chofen of the beft endrayght. Item, among to comyii 
with the maidcr cooke of the King's diet and appetites, fo that he may devyfe his mete, 
and dight them to his plefure. And this aifewer fhall not abridge nor withdraw no diflie of 
fervyfe, that is delyvcred or devyfed by other officers at the drelTour, but trewly to few 
them uppon the Kmg's table, uppon fuche payn as Styward, Thefaurer, or Countroller lilt 
to awarde, after the reafon that towcheth the, King's honour; this is tigrecd by the ftatures 
o( noble Edvv-^rd. This alTewer taketh for his chaumbre at nyght, dim' payn, one quarte 
wyne, one gallon ale, cn-^ torche of the grotne porter of chambre, to be borne before hym to 
the drcifours -, and whiles he fervyth the King, and no longer, butt to be deliveied to the 
groome agayn. He taketh for his chambre in wynter feafon, one percher wax, one candell 
wax, ii candelis peris', one tallwood, dim' rufshes and litter all the yere of the fergeaunt 
ufsher. And whyles he is prefent in courte, he taketh dayly in the chekker roll viid. ob. 
and clothing for wynter and fomer, or elies allowed xls. and at everyche of the iiii fedes of 
the yere of the clerk of the grete fpycery, ii elles of lynnen clothe for aprons, price the elle 
x\\(i. Item, he taketh parte of the gcnerall giftes as ofte as they be gevyn to the houfe- 
ho.de, if he be profent in courte at tyme of gevyng, elles not. He may have in this court 
ii fervaunts, the re.nanent to abide at his lyvery in the town or countrey ; he payeth for the 
carriage of his barneys in court i his fervyfe from kychyn is after the fcwte of fquires for 
the body ; and if he be ficke, he taketh lyverey like to theym alfo ; but that he bake all 
manner fruytes and wafyrs (ball come to the bourde alway without brcde, the bourde 
avoyded when wafyrs come with Ypocras, or with other fwete wynes. 'i'lieKing never taketh 
a voyd of comfittes and, other fpices, but ftanding. Memorandum, King Edm.ond, brothyr to 
Athylfton, for the trourhe and dilygai:e that he founde in his aiiewcr in his fervyce doyng, 

thac 



LIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS E D W. IV. 37 

that King loved hym fo agayn, that he put hymfelf in his enemyes handcs to dye, to favc 
and defende this derely beloved affewer in fuche a tyme as he flood in perill. 

A SURVEYOUR FOR THE KYNG, to overfee, with the raaifler cooke for the mowthe, 
all maner of ItufFe of vytayie which is bell a^nd mofle holfom, and the conveyaiince and fauf 
guarde of it, with all the honefl manner of cleanly handling, and dylygence of keping and 
covering; and dayly to be at the ordenaunce, to here the proportions that be made there 
for the King's perfon, fo that it may be called hoole oute at the dreffoure; and that no- 
thing be purloyned that is fo appoynted by the 'clerk of the kytchyii and maifler cooke, 
but that the Kinge's eftate be ferved therwith, if it may be gotten by the purveyours, uppon 
fuch payne as the foveraynes of houfehokl vvull awarde in the cotn">tyng-houre. Item, in 
abfence of the King's affewer, a fquyer for the body, or elles this furvcyour, bereth the 
towell to fewe the King ; he eateth in the hall at one mele, or at the latter, with a perfon 
of like fervyfe : he taketh within this courte all fuch wages, clothinge, and lyverey, and 
other duties, as doth the King's affewer. His charge is not upon the manner of fewing of" 
diflies at the dreffonr, but to fee that the ordiiiaunce be felt forth and fewe the.n. And then 
lette the alTewcr allone in the manner of letting them. 

WARDEROBER, called by the noble King Edward the Third his ftatutes, clerk 
purveyour du le garderobe dc Roy, that tyme beyng of the body of houfehold, after- 
wards removed by King Richarde feconde, afligned to kepe his office continually in London 
among nierchaunts and artificers, hymfelfe to come when the King or Chaunberlayn calleth 
hym ipecially at the iiii feftes of the ycre, as an office of chaumbre outward. His lyverey is 
like that tyme to a fqnyers of tiie body ; nor wages, nor clotheing of houfehold. He takcrh 
ail his receytes of the Thefiiurcre of Englond by himfelf, and yieldeth his accompt in the 
chekker by vvarraunts ot the King's chaumberlayn. 

GENTYJ MEN USSflERS OF CHAUMB.'.E, IIII, whereof one or ii contynnally fitiith 
at metes and fopers in the King's chaumbre, to (cc every thing don in dew order, and to 
kepe filence; that other to be etyng in the hail with a perfon of like fervyfe, fo that 
one be walking at the recorde of the King's chaumbre ; all the fervyfe of bredc, mefTes of 
kytchyn, wyne, ale, wax, wood, that is dif"pended bothe for the King's bouide, and for ihc 
hole meire, and other of the chaumbre, and as well the fervyfe for the King for all night, as 
the greete avoydes at feal^es, and the dayly drinkinges betwixt meles in the King's chaumbre 
for ftraungers, and thereof to make trew recorde, and to bring it dayly to the councyng- 
bourde before iioone, there to be proved whether it be refonable or not. Alfo he to fett all 
the cftates, gentyls and (traungers, at the bourdcs in, the King's chaumbre, in a dew order, 
two peif ns to n melE-, if the eilates be fume dvale lylce, weying honour v.'iih profitt ; he 
mufl geve gie'e attendaunce uppon the King and ftr.amgers, and if any defaulte be 
founden in the ufshcr of mylferecordyng other for other, outrage or loffes for the King's 
goods growino from the Thefaurer of houfehold's charge, than he to awnfwer, and to take 
fuche punition by wages and clothyng, as the judges of the countvng-houfe wuld think 
refonable to award, or ellcS fenhyrmore upon hym l^y the avyie ot the chaumberlayn, he 
fhall at no tyme make commaundmenre of brede, wyne, ale, or any other out of the King's 
cliamber, but if the King drink in his outward difportes, but by affent or commandement 
of the coLjntyng houfc, of fuch as have the rule. Every ufsher take5h:''tor his lyverey at nyght 
dim' a chet lole, one quarte w)'ne, one gallon ale; and for wynter, one percher wjx, one can- 
dell wax, ii candell peris', one taUvood dim', the larger for that none of the fquires of t[ 
body nor ufshers Ihuide not withdraw any lucii itulfe from the King's chaumberj alfo hy 



e 

m 

F 2 owght 



o 



8 LIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS E D W. IV. 



o'.vght to be cunnyng, courreons, and glad to receve, teache, and direct: every man in 
fervice doyng, and to know all the.cuftumes and ceremonies, ufed aboute the King and other 
eflates according, when they come. He hath his coramaundmentes for every office, as for 
brede, wyne, ale, wax, wood or coole, ftraw, and rufshes, to be had for the King's chaum- 
bre, or othyr ftraungers, as his difcreffion ordinarily would ; he affignech the yomen of 
crown and chambre, groomes and pages, to actendaunces and other bufynes inwarde and 
catwarde, for iheKing; alio he hath for himfelf rufshes and litter all the yere of the fer- 
geaunt ufsher of the hall for his chambyr, where ufshers lye togeder, and cveriche for theyr 
wages in the chekker roUe prefent in courte viict. ob. and clothing wynter and fomer 
with the honfehold, or elies xls. a pece -, and if any of thcym be lett bloode or fyke, they 
take fyke lyverey, ii loves, ii melTes of kychyn for all day, one quarte wyne, ii gallons alcr 
They pay for the cairyage of theyre own barneys in cource. If the Kinge kepe eitate in his 
chambyr, thefe ufshers make the eftate in the furnape, like as the marchall doih in the 
hall. And eche of thefe ulshers to have into this courte ii honed: fcrvauncs, and lyverey 
for theyre horfes togyder if they may be, in the town and countrey, afligned by the King's 
herberger; and to leve byhynde them no chaumbre-dekons in courte, but fuche as are ap- 
poynted by the count) ng-houfe. Item, nother marfhails, norher ufshers of hall nor chaunv 
bre, of very right nor worlliipp, owe not to little or withdrawe any hole ftuffe of flefhe or 
fylhe, gevyn to the King by wave of prefent, muitered in the hall or chambyr. One of 
thefe ufshers, by the ftaiutes of noble Edward, was purveyour for woot^ aad litter and 
rufshes, whiche bufyneffe now is joined to the fergeaunt of the hali. This name ufsher 
:s a worde of Frcnfhe. Item, he affigneth eveiy office and logyng within the King's palace. 
The wurfhupfull clerk and counfellor fpeketh to this officer ulsher, and to the marchals and 
porters, Terentius ut homo ed ita raorcm geras. 

YEOMEN OF CROWN E, XXIIII, moft femely perfones. denely and rtrongefl archers, 
honeft of conditions and of behavoure, bold men, chofen and tryed out of everey lordes 
houfe in Englond, for theyre cuimyng and vertewi thereof one to be yeoman of the robes, 
another to be yeoman oF the warderobe of beddes in houfehold ; thefe ii in certayntie ete ia 
the King's chaumbre dayly i other ii be yeomen ufshers of chaumbre, etyng there alfo : 
another to be yeoman of the ftole, if i^ plefe the King : another to be yeoman of the ar- 
mory : another to be yeoman of the bowes for the King : another yeoman to kepe the 
King's bookes : another to kepe his dogges for the bowe; and, except the furlf iiii perfones, 
the remenaunt may to the hall as the ufshers, 6:c. and thus they may be putte to bufi- 
nefs. Alfo it accordeth, that they be chofen men of manhoode lliootyng, and fpccially of 
vertuofe conditions. In the King's chaumbre be dayly fitting, iiii meiTes of yeomen, and all 
the remanent etyng in the hali fitting togeder above joyning to tlie yeomen of houfehold, 
except at the five grete feftes of the yere, then as many yeomen of crowne and chaumbre as 
may fitte in the King's chaumbre, fhal be fcrved there duryng the feafle. Andever\che 
of theym prefent in courte, haihe dayly allowed in the countyng-houfe iiid'. and cloth- 
ing for wynter and fomer, and chaunces j'erely, or dies xviiis. befidcs theire watchyng clo- 
thmg of the King's warderobe. Ai^i if any of theym be fent cure of courte by the King's 
chamberlayne, then he taketh his \v?.ges of the jewell-houfe, and vacat in the chekkjr rolle, 
till he be (one in courte agayn. Alfo iodgyng in the to^vne or countrey, fufficiaunt for theyre 
horfes, as nygh togeder as the herberger of houfehold may difpofe •, and ahvey ii jeomen of - 
crowne to have an honeii fervaunt in:o courte ; In the noble Edward's ft.;tutes, thefe were 
called the xxiiii archers a pie currounts enchitrment dtvaunt le Roy per payes pur gard ccrps 
du Rny, Thefe were called the King's Wachemen. At thofe dayes a yeoman toke but xs. 
ior his gown, and liiis. viiici. for his hofen and ilioone. They have nothing ellcs with the. 

houfehold 
5 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 



39 



houfchold fauve carriage of theyre beddes, ii men togeder, by deliveraunce or afngnment, for 
that carriage of the countroliers, and litter for theyre beddes of the fcrgeaun' ufsher of 
hall and chaumbyr. And if any of theym be fyke or lette hloode, he taketh for all day one 
cafte of brede, one melTe of greete mete, one gallon ale ; and if ic be of greet fekeneiTe, he 
muft remove oute of courte, or any other. Alfo when they make watche nyghtly, they 
fhuld be garde with theyre fwordes, or with other wepyns ready, and harncys about iheire 
fhoulders. 
I 
YEOMEN OF CHAMBRE, IITI, to make beddes, to here or hold torches, to fette 
bourdes to apparayle all chanmbres, and fuche other fervyce as the chaumberlayn, or 
- ufshers of charabre commaiind or afligne; to attende the chambre; to watche the Kino- by 
courfe; to go mcfTages; taking for theyre wages, as yeomen of crowne do in the chekker 
rolle, and clothing like, bcfiJe theire watching cloathing of the King's warderober. The 
flatutes of noble Edward wull geff but one of thes, for his expences oute of courte,. but iiiid. 
And it bathe been feen often, that one of thes yeomen hathe ben alfo yeoman fur^^eon, 
for twcy caufes ; alfo ii of thefe dyne and foupe in the chaumbre ; alfo theyre expenfes 
oute of courte, fent by the chaumberlayne or ufshers, then to be payed in the JewcU-hoafe, 
and alwey ii of thefe yeomen have an honelt fervaunt into courte ■■, the remanent at theyre 
Ivverey, afligned by the King's herberger, togeder, or with the yeomen of the crown, fuf- 
ficiently lodged; and if any of theym be lette bloode, or fyke, there to have as the yeomen 
of crown, and carriage bye the countroUer competent, two men to a bedde. 

OFFICE OF WARDEROBE OF ROBES, hathe one yeoman eting in the King's 
chaumbre, taking lyverey for his ofike at nyght, in wynter feafon, from Aljhalowentvde t)ll 
Eftyr, one candell wax, vi candylls peris', one talwood dim', one gallon ale; and if it re- 
quire more wood for the King's neccffaries, in moyfte weather, or in othyr ncdefuH tymes, 
it to be underftoode in the countyng-houfe, and by theyre difcreflion, to commaund more 
larger for that tyn>e, rufshcs and litter for this office all the yere of the ulher of hall and 
chambre. This yeoman hathe byn moft arcuflumed to be one of the yeomen of crowne 
ahvey, lyke evyn to whome he takcthe wages, clothing, and all other thinges in courte. 
Gromes in ,thi,s office, ii eting within the fame, whiche take in etyng dayes ii loves ii 
mefles of grete mete, one gallon ale, and eche of iheym taketh a reward in the countyno-- 
houfe, at every quarters end, xld*. and clothing with the houfehold yerely, or cythyr of them, 
vis. viiid. befides theire watching clothing of the warderobe; and if any groome be fyke 
or lette bloode, for the grete (yknefle in courte, he takethe Ivverey one loafe, a meffe of 
orete mete, di a gallon ale for all daj'. Thefe ii groomes gave into court one honeft childe 
no part of yeftes made to the houfeholde to this office. A page alfo to be attcndaunc 
herein, taketh for his lyverey for all day, etyng in this office, one loffe, a mt-ffe of grete 
mete, dim' gallon ale; and, at cve;y quarter-end, rewarded in the countyng-houfe xxd- 
and cloathing with the houfeholde allowed in precio veflure. In noble Edward's houfehold, 
pages were none officers, nor yet long fene, ber) ng no charge nor fworn in the countvng- 
houle; but now they be permytted for an ayde of every office, chofen oftyn tymes by [\\c 
mayllers of offices, as for labours, fo by theyre vcrruous difpofiiion mny grow, and by 
fucceffion to be preferred to hygber fervyfe; and therefore tlie charge is, that no man 
fhall drawe in any office in this courte any chylde or fervaunt, but he be coirie of clene 
byrthe, clene lymmed, perfonable, and vcrtnoufly difpoled ; and vvhyle they be pages, the 
ma)flers of o>tce as fergeauntes, or yeomen in theyre abfence, ufe refonabic corre-^iions 
uppon theyre defautes. Theye have not bene ufed in old dayes, thefe pages nor other 
mennys fervaunts to be homely in the pyles at none of the ii offices, but by overho-ht. To 

this. 



40 LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 

this office longeth a carre with vi horfes, whereof all fiich thinges as is purveyde, or taken 
cure of ihe charge of Thefaurcre of houfeholde. As for the apparayle and reperations, 
except that this Thefaurcre perveyeth for horfe mete and (hoeing, and the wages and cloth- 
ing of the yeoman, and the groome of this carre, as it is expreffed after in the office of 
the flable. In this carre, amonge other thinges, are carryed fnche bookcs as pleafeth the 
King to ftudye in. Thefe officers have theyre competent beddyng carryed in this office 
by overfight of the Countroller, and as he wull affigne. Alfo they have theyre lyverey 
in countrey or towne for theyre horfes fufficiaunt, by the herberger of houfehora. • Thefe 
ii wardrobers have all theyre fumigations, that the King's robes, dublettes, fhetes, and 
fliertes be fumyd, by all the yere of the yeoman pothecary, and that to be truly recorded to 
the ch;iumbyrlayn. 

OFFICE OF WARDEROBE OF BEDDS, hathe one yoman etyng in the King's 
chaumbre, takyng lyverey for this office at night, one gallon ale in wynter feafon, from 
Allhallowen-tyde tyll Eftvr, one candyll wax, vi candyls peris' the tortays or torche, to 
bringe in the King's ftuffe for all nyghr, of the gome porter of the chaumbre, wirhouc 
wafte, one tallw'ood, diraid', rufshes and litter for theyre paylerts all the ycre of the fcr- 
jeaunt of the hall. And this yoman, or this grome, berith upnyghtly fluffe f)r nlie King's 
bed, and bydeth thereby till it be made, and in the mornynge they fete it down to their 
office ageyne faufly and clenly, that no tlranger fhall touche it. In wynter or fomer, if 
it nede, the berer upp of this ftuffe fliall have a torche before hym of the groome porter, 
borne by the groome, or page of the warderobe, or chamhre; and if this office require 
more largcffe of wood or coole, than to have commaundment therefore by the countyng- 
houfe, for fuche a nedy tyme; this yoman hathe bene accuflomed to b^ one of the numbyr 
of yomcn of the crowne •, he takith wages, clothing, and other lyke, with the yomen 
beforelayde, and the fees of his office accuflomed ; this office takith no part of gyfces 
geven to the houffiold. The officers of this office ferve the King for all thinges that long- 
eth to his bodye day and nyght. In tyme of pees they bring it up, and fette it down, and 
brufshe it, and clenfe it, and faufcly keepe it, and the ftoole is here kept •, nothyr this office, 
nor none longing to the King's chaumbre, owe to take no manner fees, but by overfyghc 
of the chambrelayn. Alfo in this office grooms two, etyng in the office, taking lyverey 
two loves, ii melTes of grete mete on etyng dayes, one gallon ale; everyche of thefe groome^, 
take rewarde, clothing in all wifes, like to the groomes of warderobe of robes beforefeyde. 
Thefe two groomes have into courte one hone't childe. Alfo in this offi-ce one page keping 
and attending in this office, to fette in all manner ly^'eres to hepe, truffe, and here the 
barneys and lUiffe, to wayte upon the carryages. They (hould be fomewhat imderltantiir.g 
with needyll worke; etyng in this office, or with his next fellovve, taking daylv for his 
Jyvery one loffe, a meffe of grete mete, half a gallon aie, and reward and clothing, as 
the page of robes beforefayd doth. To this office bclongeth a charlotte, horfes, corps, 
with all the aparayle; horfemete, u'ith all reparation founden in the charge of the Thefau- 
rcre of houffiold for the King's (tuOTe only, by overfight of the countroller. Thefe officers 
have theyre competent beddyng cirryed in this office by overfight of the countroller, and 
lyverey for theyre horfes in the countrey with this yoman, delyvered by the herberger. 
Alfo for this office fompier horfes for the King's ftufle refonable, as the chnmberlayn wull 
aiigne xii, or more or lefle ; but not in the Thefaui^ers charge, but fur wages and 
hoife mete; and for one man at iiiict. a day, by the ftable roll: and eiinsr in the hall. 
Thefe groomes and pages of both thefe warderobes, ffiould gadyr for the King's gownes 
and ffietes, and othyr clothes, the fwete flowres, herbes, rotes -, and to make amongft 
them other fwete fumes, things to make them breathe molt holefomly, asd deltclabk-; 
'] and 



LIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS E D W. IV. 41 

and all tilings to be precloufly and dylygently for mothes, and all other unclenlineflc 
attended; and from touching of llraungers hands, the verry fporres that the King fliall 
were. 

GROMES OF CHAMBYR, X, thereof one is groome porter that berlth wood^ 
ftravve, rufshes, for the King's chambre, making the King's litters of his bed, and to 
fylle the paylettes; and he fetteth nyghtly, after the feafons of the yere, torchys, tortays, 
candylles of wax niorters ; and he fetteth up the fifes, in the King's chambre, without any 
vvalle or giftes, or taking of fees, but that the gentylman ufsher affigne it to the King's 
honour with profit. And dayly he recordeth that he fetteth it truly in the ccuntyng- 
houfe by layle, fo that his good dealing naay be knovvne , and if he lefe any thing hereof, 
then to aunfwere therefore, and to make it good, as the judges of the covintyng-houfe vvoU 
award. He taketh a dayly penny, allowed in the bylle of the halle, and for his reward and 
clothing with the houQiold, lyke to the grocmes of the chaumbyr and warderobes aforefayd, 
befydes his watching clotning, and other; but he taketh no part, . nor none of ihefe 
groomes, nor pages of chambre, of any gyft that fliajl be made to the houfliold. And he 
eteth dayly oute of the King's cha:nbre, to be nyghe the ufshers comraaundmentes or caUings, 
taking in open dayes ii Icves, ii meff:s of grete inete, one gallon ale, for all day : he is 
permitted to have into this courte one fervaunt to help him bere fuche neceffaries •, and dayly 
iiii other of thefc groomes, called wayters, to make fyres to fett up trelTyls and bourdes, 
with yomen of chambre, and to help dreffe the beddes of fylke and arras uppon tlie iifshers 
appoyntment, and to geve the yoman water after dynner and fouper, and to help hang 
the cloathes, and to kepe thpm clene from dogges and other uncleannes. Thefe groomes alio 
ete withoute the grete chambre pryvarely, as theyre courfe goeth about dayly in opyn dayes,. 
taking iiii loves, iiii melfes of kytchyn of grete meie, ii gallons ale. The remanent of all 
thefc groomes dyne and foupe in the hall with yomen of hcufhold ; another of thefe groomes 
is called of the armery for the King's perfon ; another called groome furgeon ; another 
groontie pelter, and another as the chamberlayne woll appoynce. Every groome quarterly, 
as the countyng-houfe rewardeth, xld. and clothing with the houfhold, or elles vis. viiid. 
befides theire watching clothing of the wardrober ; and befides the grete reward geven 
yerely from the King's privy coffers to the groomes and pages oF his chambre. Alfo ii 
groomes of chaiunhre be fuflfered to have into this courte, one honed fervaunt; and they 
have lyverey for theyre horfes affigned in the countrey by the herberger. Alfo the King's 
chamberlayn to aflij;r,e for the ii garderobes and tlie King's chambre, for the male and 
Itoole, and ether ftuffe-nedeful, to the fome of xii or xvi fompter horfes ; wliereof the The- 
faurcre of houfehold berith no charge but for horfe mere, flioyng, keepers wages, and 
clothing. Thefe groomes of chambre, one of them fettyth nyghtly bread, one lofe, a gal- 
lon of ale, for the King's bed making,, with a torche of the groome porter of the chambre. 

PAGES OF CHAMBRE, HIT, befides the bothe warderobes, to wayte uppcn and to kepe 
clene the King's chambre, and mofte honefte from faultes of houndes, as of other; and 
to help trufle, and bere barneys, clothe, fackes, and other things neceilary, as they be com- 
mannded, by fuche as are above them. And at no tyme a page to etc in the King's chambre 
openly, but in private other places, as warderobcr or wiih groome porter of chambre; eche- 
cf thefe take lyverey, dayly one loB'e, one melTe of grete mete, dim' gallon ale, hole or fyke,. 
and rewarde and clothing, as the pages of v/arderobes, beforefaid, in the countyng-houfe : 
bAit no page of chambre fhall have part ot no glfte gevyn to the houihold, Tliey take 
competent beddyng, caryed and aligned by the overfight of the counrroller ; and amongs 
thefe iiilpnges, to have one honefte childe reforting into ihyi courte. Jiy the iluuics of 

noble 



42 L I B E Pv NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

noble Edward the Thirde, bothe grooraes and pages of two warderobes and chambre, take 
al! theyre neceflaries and fyndings of flioone, hofen, fherts, doublcttes, gownes, &c. of the 
King's warderober, but now it is turned into money and otherwife. 

THE OFFICE OF JEWELL-HOUSE, hath an architeaour, called clerk of the King's, 
or keeper of the King's jewelles, or treforer of the chambyr. This officer takeih by inden- 
ture, betwixt him and the Kinge, all tb.at he findes in his office of gold, filver, precious 
flones, and the marks of every thinge. Alfo he receiveth the yearely guiftes by recorde of 
the chamberlaine. Item, he receiveth by indenture of the Thefaurer of Englonde, and by 
overlight of the chamberlaine, fittinge in the King's chambre, or in the halie, with a pcrfon 
of like fervice ; and for his chambre at nyght, half a chete lofe, one quart wyne, one gallon 
ale; an^ for wymer lyverey, one percher wax, one candyll wax, ii candells peris', one dim' 
ralwood, and prefent in courte viia. ob. in the chekker rolle, and clothing with the hoiif- 
hold for wynter and fommer, or of the countyng houfe, xls. ; his lyverey is as a knyghte's; 
and if he be fyke, he takethe in etyng dayes lyke the efquires for the body whan they be 
lette bloode or fyke. Alfo in this office is a clerk under hym, et\ng in the halle, taking 
for his lyverey at nyght dim' a gallon ale, one candeil peris', dim' tallwood, and clothing by 
the countyng- houfe, or yerely xxs. and if he be fj'ke, he taketh for all day, one lofle 
of brede, one meffe of grete mete, dim' gallon ale. And for this office, one yoman etynge 
in the halle with yomen of the chambre, taking for his wages in the countyng- houfe, if he 
be prefent, allowed by the chekker rolle iiid; and clothing with the hovifehold wynter 
and fomer, for chaunces, and all other partes, or xviiis. befydes his reward of the jcwel- 
houfe, for trew<2 and diligent kepinge of the forefayd jewelles, Sec; and if he be fyke 
he taketh fuche lyverey as doth the clerk. Alfo in this office a groome eiyrg dayly, 
taking tor his lyverey one lofe, one meffe of grete mete, dim' gallon ale ; and he lettith in 
the lyveres for this office in fcafcn, one candeil wax, ii candells peris', one taKvood 
dim', and rufshes and litter for this office all the yere of the ferjeaunt ufshcr of the halle 
and chambre. Alfo this groome fettith nyghtly for this office, a gallon ale; he helpeth 
to trufTe and to here to the charyett, and wayteth there uppon the faufegard ; and the 
yoman alfo to attend uppon this carryage. And this office hath alfo logging in the countrey 
or towne, for all their horfes and fervaunts fufficiauntly, by the herberger. And the chiefe 
of this office to have into this courte two wayters, and the clerke an honell: fervaunt; 
the remanent to go to theyre logginge in the countrey, and the yoman and groome to have 
a fervaunt. And for this office is affigned a charryette with vi horfes, and all theyre 
apparayle, horfe mete, ffioyng; and the yom.an and groomes wages therefore, foundcn 
of the charge of the Thefaurere cf houfliold, to carry the ftuffe of the King's in this 
office, and none other manner, by the overfighc of the countroller. Betwixt theThefaurere of 
houffiold and this office, be many interchaunges of fylver veffells, whole or broke, received 
or delyvercd by officers, by indentures; as it will appere in the accompt of houffiold. 
And as for other thinges touching this office, beholde in the title " de oblationibus Regis" 
capituled before. All thinges of this office inward or outward, commyth ard goyth by the 
knowlege of the Kyng, and his chamberlaynes recorde. Alfo, if yny knyght or fquire pre- 
fume to weare the Kyng's lyverey, but if he come tliereby by auftorytie, or elles by recorde 
in this office. 

DOCTOURE OF PHYSYQUE, ftondlih muche in the King's prefence at his meles, 
councellyng or awnlweving to the King's grace whiche dyet is beft according, and to tell 
the nature and operation of all the metes. And muche he fhould taike with the lleward, 
chaiubcrlayn, allewer, and the maifter cooke, to devyfe by counfayle what metes or drinkes 

is 



LI BE 11 NIGER DOIVIUS REGIS EDW. IT. 43 

is beft accordinge with the Kinge, and when he woll at mete and fouper in the King's 
chambrc, devyfyng the Kingc's raedecines ; and dayly havyng in the hall cne yonaait 
fitting with the chambeiiaynes ; taking dayly for hymfelf to brckefaft and fouper, in etyng 
fdayes and lyverey for all nyght, five loves, fervoice from the kychyn as fquires for the body, 
one picher wyne, three gallons ale, for all day, if he kepe his chambre; and for wynter 
lyverey, from Allhtillowen-tyde tyll Eftyr, one tortayes, one percher wax, two candylls 
Wax, three candylls peris*, three tallwood, rufshes and litter all the yere of the fer- 
Jeaunc ufsher, and wages and clothing prefent in the courte as fquires of houfliold ; and 
carryage for one clothe facke j keeping in this courte two honefl fervaunts in all : taking 
lyverey for his horfes in the countrey or towne, by the herberger. This Phyfycyan, of 
right and of old cuftume, fliould have no part of the generall gifces, gevyn to the houf- 
hold, thoughe he were prefent. Alfo hym ought to efpie, if any of this courte be in- 
fefted with leperiz or peftylence, and to warne the foveraynes of hym, till he be purged 
clene, to keepe hym oute of courte-. There ought no perilous fyke-man to lodge in 
this courte, but to avoyde within three dayes, and then by favour, as the foveraynes thinke 
accordinge to contyncwc his lyverey, if he logge nygh to the courte, as within a myle, longe 
or fliorte tyme by favoure; and no man to take fycke lyverey at no tyme, but he were 
an officer. The cofles for all medycines belonge to the chamberiayne his audyte in the 
^ewell-houfe. 

MAISTYR SURGEOUN fitting in the King's chaumbre, but mofl parte in the King's 
hall, with a perfon of like fervyc^, as knyghtes lyverey, taking at nyght one lofe, one 
quarte wyne, one gallon ale; and for wynter feafon one percher wax, two candelles wax, 
three candells peris', one dim' talwod, rufshes and litter all the yere of the fcrjeauntf 
ufsher of the hall and chambre; and dayly, if he be prefent in courte, by the chekkcr 
rolle, viid. and clothing as fquyers for the body, or xls. of houfhold ; and yerely to hym 
by petytion allowed in the end of the yere before the Steward, Thefaurere, Countroller, 
Cofferer, at the countyng-hoiife, for medycynes geven to the fycke and hurt officers, 
bought by the feyde maifter furgeoune, j<1s. And if hymfelf be fycke or bleed, then he 
Caketh fyke lyverey with fquyers for the body. He bath into this courte lycenfed two 
honeft perfons, wayters on him, and carryage ior his owne clothe facke, by the overfight of 
the countroller. Alfo in this office, one yoman furgeon etyng in the King's chambre or 
hall, if he be one of the numbyr of yomen of the chambre ; and for his dayly wnges, if he 
be prefent in courte, prefented in the cbekker rolle, iii cl. and clothing with the houffiold, 
and chaunces, or xviiis. He, and the groome of this office, have one honeft child or fer- 
vaunt into this courte, and lyverey for theyre horfes in towne and countrey togydcr, by the 
herberger. To this office is delivered a parte of the olde broken mete, clothes and towells, 
perufed in the ewry, delyvered and rcmembred by the countroller or coonryng-houfe, 
that may recorde where they be f[)ent, to make playftyrs for the fycke officers of this 
courte, and other longing thereto. Alfo this yoman, if he be lette bloode, or othyrwifc 
fycke, he taketh two loves, one meffe of grete mete, one gallon ale, for all ; and he hathe 
his competent beddyng, carryed by overlight of countroller for the groomes and hym 
together; one groome in this office; if he be not admitted groome of chambre, then he 
fittythe in the halle with groomes of houffiold at the towell,; he taketh reward and clothing 
of the countyng houfe, as othyr lyke of chambre doen; alfo fycke lyverey. And he fetteth 
for this office, one gallon ale; and in wynter, dim' tahvood, two peris' candells, rufshes 
and litter for this office, and carryage for his bedd by the coantrolloure. And in this office 
a fmall coffer, with playftyrs and medycens for the King and his houfehold, affigned by the 
'Countroller. All ihefe perfons have byn accuftomed to have part, after theyre degrees, 

G of 



44 LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

of fiiche glftes as be gcv)n generally to the houfliold, if any of them be prefent at the tym« 
of gevingc ; if aifo they llaude not alFcrmed as ycmaa and groomc of the chanibre. 

POTVCARY, etyngc in the halle or chambre," among'e, if he be of the numbyr of- 
yomen of chambre, and when, and as often as the ufsher of the chambre woiie afligne j. 
takinge wages and clothynge of the countyng-hoiife, lyke tor other yomen aforefayde ;. 
carrvdge with one coffyr of the Kinge's ilufte rcfonable, by overfight of the countroller, and 
halfe a bedd for hymfelf and a groome ; all the remanent ot his medycj'ns and ingredients, 
payde of the jea-el-houfe, by overfight of Fyfycian, and by audyght of charaberlayn of the 
Kinge: and if he be fy.cke or lett bloodc, then he taketh fyke lyverey as the yoman furgeon; 
and parte of the general glftes gcven to the houfhokl, if any be, except ahvay that fuche as- 
be perfaitely of the numbyr of the King's chambre,. they take theyre pare with the chambre 
and not with bothe ; he hath neither groome nor page, but if any able groome be in.' 
the ewerye. 

A BARBOUR for the King's mofl high and dread perfon, to be tak'jo in this courte^^. 
aftyr that he ftandeth in degree, gentylman yoman or groome; it hath byn muche accuf-- 
turned to one or two well known officers of the Ewry in houfliold, daily of fuche as byri> 
for the mowth, fergeaunt or other. Alfo we finde howe th.is hathe bene ufed amonge- 
by a well trufted yoman of chambre; for lacke of cunnyng of thefe other men, it is ac-- 
cuflumed, that a knyght of the chambre, or ellcs fquires for the body, or both, be prefent 
every tyme when the King wuli be (haven. This harbour fliall have, every fetyrday at' 
nyghr, if it pleafe the Kinge to cleanfe his head, legges, or feet, and fo-r his {leaving, two- 
loves, one picher wyne. And the ufsher of chambre ought to tfftyfye, if this is necelfaryly 
difpended or not. Alfo this "harbour taketh his fliavyng clothes, bafons, and all his other 
towells, and things necefiarie, by the chamberlayn his affigneraent of the jewel-houfe r- 
No fees of plate nor fylver, but it be in his inllrumenral tools perufed by occupation >, 
and that by allowance of the Kynge's chamberlayne. 

HENXMEN, VI ENFAUNTES, or m.ore, as it {hall pleafe the Kinge; all thefe etyng: 
in the halle, and fitting at bourde togyder, and to be ferved two or three to a mcffe, 
as the foverayns appoynt, taking dayly for theyre brekefaftesj amonges them all, two loves,, 
one meiTe of grete mete, one gillon ale. Alfo for theyrs fouper in faftyng dayes, accor- 
ding to thayre age, and lyverey nyghtly for them all to thayre chambre, one lofe, one- 
gallon ale; and for vvynter lyverey, two candylls wax, four candylls pcrich', three tal- 
"tfocd for them all, rufshes and lirrer all the yere of the fergeaunt ufsher of the halle 
and chambre; and if thefe gentylmen, or any of them., be wardes, then after theyre byrthe* 
and degrees. The Steward and Thefaurere, with the Chamberlayn, may appoynt iheyre 
fervyce, more larger in favoure by theire difcreffions, when and as ofcea as thera 
neceth, till the King hathe geven or folde their l.,nds and wardes. And all theyre com- 
peteiit barneys to be carryed, and beddinge, two logged togeder at the Kinge's carryago by. 
overfight of tlie countroller. And everyche of theym an honelt fcrvaunt to kepe theyre. 
chambre and barneys, and to array hym in this courte, whyles theyre maifters be prelent 
in courte, or e!les to have here no cham.bre dekons, &c. and all other finding for theyre 
beddes, they take of the King's warderober, by fewte of the maifter of henxmen made to iha 
King's charaberlayu for WMtrauntcs. 

Majstye; 



LIBER NI6ER DOMUS REGIS E D \Y. IV. 45. 

MAISTYR of HENXMEN, to fjiew the fchooles of urbankie and nonrture of Eng- 
lond, to lerne them to ryde clenely and finely; to drawe them aifo to juftes; to lerne 
them were theyre barneys; to have all cnrtefy in vvordes, dedes, and degrees, dilygently 
to kepe them in rides of goynges and fittinges, after they be of honour. Moreover to teche 
them fondry languages, ap.d othyr lerninges vcriuoiis, to harping, to pype, {\ng, daunce ; 
and with ochcr honeft and temperate behaviour and patience; and to kepe dayly and 
wekely with thefe children dew convenif?., with corrections in theyre charcbres, according to 
fuche gentylmen; and cche of them to be ufed to that thinge of vertue that lie fliall be 
mode apt to lerne, with remembraunce dayly of Goddes fervyce accudumed. This maiftyr 
Cttith in the hullo, next unto thefe Henxraen, at the fame boarde, to have his refpedte unto 
theyre demeanynges, howe mannerly they cte and drinke, and to theyre communication, 
and other fourmcs curiall, after the booke of uibanitie. He taketh dayly, if he be pre- 
fent in courte, wages, clothing, and other lyverey, as other fquires of houlliold ; fave he is 
not charged with fervyng of the halle; carryage a!fo for barneys in courte, competent by 
the countroller, to be with the henxmennes haineys in courte. And to have into this courte" 
one fervaunt, whyles he h prefent, and fuliicyaunt lyverey for his horfes in the towne or 
countrey, by the herberger. And if he be fycke in .courte, or Ictte bioode, he taketh two 
loves, two mcffes of grete mete, one g..Uon fervoife ; and for the fees that he cbymyth 
-araonges the Henxmen of all theyre apparayle, the chamberlayn is Juge. 

SQUYERS OF HOUSHOl.D, XL, or more if it pleafe the King, by the avyfe of his 
iighe counfaylle, to be chofcn men of theyre poiTeflion, worfiiip, and wifdom ; alio to be 
of fundry flieres, by whom it may be knowne the difpofuion of the countries; and of thefe, 
to be continually in tliis courte, xx fquires attendaunt uppon the King's perfon, in ryding, 
and going at alle tymes ; and to help fcrve his table from the furveying bourde, and from 
other places, as the aflcwer woll affigne; nlfo by theyre common affent, to afiigne amonges 
thcymfelves, fmie to ferve the Kingc's chambre, ar one day, weeke, or lyme; fome to ferve 
the halle at another tymc; of every mefle that cummyth from, the drplung bourde to theyre 
handes for fuche fervyce, fo that thereof be nothing withdrav/e by the fquires, uppon fuchc 
payne as Steward, Thefaurer, or Countroller, or, in theyre abfence, othyr Juges at the 
countyng-houfe, woll awarde after theyre demerites. It may be that the King taketh into 
houfliold in all 6o fquires, and yet amonges them all, 20 take not the hooie wages of 
the yere ; wherefore the numbyr of perfons may be rcceved and fuffered the better in 
the chekker rolle, for a worfliipp, and the Kingc's proffit faved. They ete in the hall, 
fitting togyder at any of the bothe meles as they ferve, fome the furft mele, fome the latter, 
by aitent; this hathc bene alway the manner among.s them, for honour and profitte to the 
Kinge, and eafe to themfelves. Evyryche of them taketh for his lyverey at nyght, dim* 
gallon ale; and for wynter feafon, eche of them taketh two candells peris', one faggott or 
clles dim' talwood ; and when any of them is prefent in court, hym is allowed for dayly 
wages in the chekker rolle viid". oB. and cloathing wynter and fom^, or elles xls. It hath 
ever byn in fpeciall charge to fquires in this courte, to weare the King's lyverey cuftumablv, 
for the more glory and in worfhipp this honourable houQiold ; and every of theym to 
have into this courte an honclf fervaunt, and fufficient lyverey, in the tovvnes or countrey, 
for theyre horfes and fervauntes, by the herberger, two gentilmen logged togyder, as they 
be coupled bed-fellows by the gentylmen ufshers; and if any of them be lette blood, or 
fycke in coorce, or nyghe thereto, he taketh lyverey in etyng dayes, two loves, two 
meffes of grete mete, one gallon al-e, for all day, and litter all the yere of the fergeaunc 
aifsher of the halle for theyre beddes in courte; and if any of thefe fquires be fent oute 
•of courte by the Steward, Theiaurer, Countroller, or othyr of the count:yng-houfe, for 

G 2 matters 



4& LIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS EDW. IV.. 

matters touching the houftiold, then he hath dayly allowed hym xu3'. by petition. Alfc,. 
they pay for theytc carryage of harneys in couite. They take no part of the general! 
gyfres, neithjT with the chambre or hall; but if ihe gever gave them fpecially a part by 
cxprclTe name, or wordes. None of thcfe (hould depart from courte, but by lycenfc of 
Steward, Thefaurer, or by foreraynes of the countyng-houfe, that knowe liowe the King 
is accorapanyed beft: and to take a daye when they (hall come ageyn, uppon payne of loffe 
of wages, at his next cummyng. That noe fergeaunt of office, nor fquyer,. nor ynman, 
nor groorae, but as be appoyntcd in this booke, to dyne or foupe out of halle, or King's 
chambre; nor do withdraw any fervyce, or elles to hurt or lyttell the almefle of halle or 
chambre, uppon fuche payn as the foveraynes of houihold woil awarde by the Itatutes of 
noble Edward the Third,, in none office, &c. It hath byn often, in dayes before, com- 
manded by the countyng-houfe, that in feriall dayes, after that the King and Qoene, and; 
theire chambres, and the foveraynes of houihold in the hall, be ferved-, that then fuche 
honeft yomcn of houQiold, be called or affigned, to ferve from the dreflbur to the halle the 
remanent, fpecially fuche as here wages, that if any fervice be withdrawn by them, that tiien 
they to be corredled therefore. Thefe Efquiers of houfhold of old, be ac-cufturaed, wynter 
and fomer, in attyrnoones, and in eveningss, to drawe to lordes chambres within courte, 
there to kepe honefl company aftyr theyre cunnynge, in talkyng of oronycles of King's and 
of other polycyes, or in pypeyng, or harpyng, fynging, or Other aftes martialles, to help' 
occupy the courte, and accompany (Iraungers, tyil the tyme require of departing. 

Domus nona et ultima qui hie fundatur fub tali forma; viz. unias Armigeri de 
poffeffione clare in Anglia, per annum fuper 50!.' os o3^ 

Provideat fenefcallus five gubernator cujufcumque domus capiat priraam fepti- 
nianam per polliciam in adjutorium totius anni fequentis;. et quod habeat de reraa- [-fi pptelV. 
»eoc' ftaur', &c. quando incepit. 

j8 loves baked in hcuiholde, 3'3. 

8 gallons mene ale in houlholdcj 4^- 

Sydre to helpe the dayes, or mede,. Ime pretio 

In beef daily or moton, frefb, or elles air pou-") ^ 

dred is more availe, J "^ 

Moton dayly bought, 2.3". 

Bacon, porkes, veeles, venifon, pigges, lambes,T 
capones, hennes, chekyns, conyes, pejons, egges, ! 
milke, cheefe of fower kyne to the payle, or 1 6$. 

greete ewen, herbage, onyonys, garlik, &c. by |> 
hufbandry, and helpe of one day with another, ' 
de fiauro. Item, for wood, coole, candel],.fawte 
dayly, fait and otemele, 

In like wife thefe 2o3. in fifhe dayes nuift be devydcd 
rivers and pondes, &c. — Item, to make vergeoufe themfelves, &c. 

}. s. a-. 

Pro camera et reparac' veftur' cum oblationibus et elemofinis,^per ann' 400- 

Pro necelfariis domus emendls veparandis cum expenfis forincefis, &c. Summa 5 o o 

Pro emptione et excambiis equorum, carriagiorum, fenum et aliorum, per ann'' 
•ftimatur. " Summa 400. 

Pro vadiis unius clerici, 405.- — 2 vallcttor', 4!. — z garcionum, 40 s. — et 
2 puerorutn, aoSf per ann',— • Summa 9 o o. 



^ Summa dieta, 20 3i 
Summa ann' 24I. 6 s. oS^. 



jy hufbandry, and helpe oP" 



LIBER NIGER DOM US R E G I S E I>\V. IV. 4^ 

l*ro robis lo perfonarum per ann' in liberatione, Summa 2 10 a 

Bro canibus ec mifis plus conftant quara conferunt, Summa 034 

Pro fena et avenis de praiis et campis domini per ann';: et pro falcatione et 

impofitioae feni et litter' Summa i o t> 

Summa huj us domus 50 o o 
Pro fex honeftls vaciiis perfonis fervientibus abfque parvulis ec omnibus 
laborariis infra, i buflelT brafiiii boni poteft fatis refpondere ad 12 gallons: — 
communis cervifii ad valorem cujuflibet gall' j (1. 

KINGES OF ARMES, HERAULDS, AND PURSEUANTES, commyng into this royal- 
Gourte, to the vvurfliipp of thefe five feftes in the yere, fitting at mete and fouper in the 
hall ; and to begynne at one end of the table togyder, uppon dayes of eftare, by the 
Martyalls aflignation, at one mele ; and if the King kepe eftate in the halle, then thefe walkc 
before the Steward, Thefaurere, and Countroller, comyng with the Kinge's fervyce froni^ 
the furveying bonrde at every courfe; and aftyr the lalle courfe, they crye the Kinge's 
largeffe, Ihaking theyregrcte cuppe. They take theyre largefTe of the jewel-houfe ; and, 
during thefe feltival dayes, they wayte uppon the Kinge's perfon, commyng and goyng to 
and fro the churche, halle, and chambre, before his highnelfe, in theyre cotes of armes. 
They take nother wages, clothing, nor fees, by the countyng-houfe, but lyverey for theyre 
chambre, day and nyghr, amongft them two loves, one picher vvyne, two gallons ale; and"! 
for wynter feafon, if there be prefent a King of Amies, for them ail one tortayes at chaun- 
dry, two candells wax, three candells peris', iii talwood. 1 hefe Kinges of Armes, are ferved 
in the halle as knyglues fervyce and lyverey for theyre horfes nyghe the courie, by the her- 
berger ; alway remembred, that the cup whiche the King doth create any king of arraes or 
herolds w-ithall, it llondith in the charge of the jewel-houfe, and not uppon the Thefaurere 
of houfhold. The fees that they fhall take at the making of Knyghtes of the Bath, it 
apperith next after the chapiter of fquicrs. 

SERGEAUiNTFS OF ARMES, HIT, chofen proved men of haviour and condition, for 
the King and his honorable houfliold, whereof ii alway to be attending uppon the King's per- 
fon and chambre, and to avoyde the prees of people before, where the King (hall come. 
l\i like wife at the convcyaunce of his mcate at every courfe from the furveying bouriie ;■ 
alfo obferving of the Kinge's commaundmentes; and fo, after the Steward, (Jhamberlayn, 
Thefaurer, and Countroller for the Kinge, or for his houfihold. They ere in the halle togcder, . 
or with fquires of houfhold, taking theyre wages of twelve pence by day, or fonr pence,. 
as it pleafeth the King, after theyre abylitees, by lettyrs patents; and cloathing alfo to be 
taken of the iffue and profitts growing to the Kinge, in diverfe counties of Englondj-by the' 
handes of the receyvours of them; no more havyng in houfhold, but everych of them, 
when he is prefent in courte at nyght, one gallon ale-, and for wynter lyverey, one candell- 
wax, ii candells peris', one tallwoode, rufshes and litter for theite chambyr of the ferjeaunt 
ufsher "all the yere. They pay for carry.ige of theyre proper harneys and bedding, and- 
echeof them to have into this courte one honelt fervaunt. By the features of noble Edward, 
were xxx ferjeaunts of armes, fufficiauntly armed and hoffed, rydyng before his highnelTe 
when he journeyed by the countrey for a gard de Corps du Roy : and if any of tnefe be 
lette bloode, or be ficke, he taketh dayjy two loves, ii meffes of grete n-ete, one gallon ale,. 
and this to be breved in the pantry roUe; alfo fufhciaunt logging affigned thefe ferjeauntea*- 
togyder, not far from- courte, for hafly erraundes when they- falL 

MYNSXRELLES 



43 LIBEn NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 

MYNTyTRELLES, XIII, whereof one is vcrgci- that dire(ftcth them all in fiflivall daye« 
to theyre ftaiions, to bloweings and pipynges, to fuchc offices as mufl: be warned to pre- 
pare for the King and his houfnold at metes and foupers, to be the raore readie in all fer- 
Tyces; and. all thefe Cttinge in the hall togyder-, wliereof {umc ufe truinpettes, fumeflialmyfe 
and larall pipes, and fume as ftrengemen, comyng to this courtc at five fefles of the yerc^ 
tnd then to taJce theyre wages of houdiold after iiiid. oB. a day, if they be prefent in 
courte : and then they to avoyde the next d ly after the fefles be don. Befides eche of 
them anothyr reward yerely, taking of the King in the refceyte of the chekker,. and 
clothing wynter and fomer, or xxs. a piece, and lyverey in courte, at evyn araonges them 
all, iiii gallons ale-, and for wynter feafon, iii candcUs wax, vi candells peris', iiii talwood, 
and fufficir.unt logging by -the herberger, for them and theyre horfes, nygh to the courte. 
Alfo havyng into courte ii fervauntes honell, to beare theyre trunipettes, pipes, and other 
inftrumentes, and a torche for wynter nyghts, whyles they blowe to fouper, and other 
revelles, delyvered at the chaut:drey; and alhvay ii of thefe perfons to continue in courte 
ill wages, beyng prefent to warne at the Kinge's r\dinges, when he goerh to horfe-backe, as 
ofte as it (hall require, and by theyre blowinges the houfliold meny may follow in the 
countries. And if any of thefe two niinflrelles be ficke in courte, he taketh ii loves, one 
ijiefTe of grete mete, one gallon ale. They have no part of any rewarJes gevyn to the 
houfhold. And if it pleaie the Kinge to have iiflrenge Minilrelles to concynue in like 
Vife : the Kinge v/uU not for his worfhi.pp that his Minilrelles be too prefuaiptuoufe, nor too 
famili.er to aike any rewardes of the lordes of his lond ; remembring De Henrico fecundo 
imperatore .qui omnes Joculatores fuos et Armaturos monuerir, ut nullus eprum in ejus 
nomine vel d.ummodo fleterunt in fervicio fuo, nichil ab aliquo in regn.o fuo dcberent pecere 
doDandumj fee quod ipfi dociiai donacores pro Regis amore citius pauperlbus erogarcnt. 

A WAYTE., that ,nyghtly, from Mighelmaffe till Shere-Thurfday, pipeth the watche 
V/l:hin this courte fower tymes, and in the fomer nyghtes three tymcs; and he to make boil 
gayte, and everey chambre door and ofHce, as well for fyre as for other pikers or perelles. 
lie eatcth in the hall with the Minilrelles, and taketh lyverey at nyghc diraid' payne, 
dimid' gallon ale; and for fomer nyghtes two candells peris', dim' bufliell cooles; and for 
wynter nvghtes, halfe a lofe, dim' gallon ale, fower candelles peris', dim' bufshell coles? 
and dayly, if he be prefent in the courte by the chekker rolle, iiiid'. ob. or iiid, by the 
-difcrcffiou of the Steward and Thefaurer, and aftyr the cunnyng that he can, and good de- 
fervyng; alfo cloathing with tlie houlhold yomen or minftrelles, according to the wages 
that he taketh; and if he be fycke or lette b.loode, he taketh ii loves, one inefTc of greete 
Biete, one gallon ale-, alfo he parteth with the generall giftes of houfliold, and hath his 
bedding carryed, and his groomes togeder, by the Countrollei's affignement. And under this 
yomaii a groome wayte; if he can e:^cufe the yoman in his abfence, then he takeih clothing, 
mere, rewardes, and otlier thinges, like to the other groomes of houfliold. AJfo this yoman 
wayceth at the making of Knyghtes of the Bathe, watching by nyght-tyme upon theym 
in the chappell -, wherefore he haih of fee all the watchinge-clothinge that the knyghies 
Ihuld weare uppon. 

MESSEAGERS, IIII, attending to this courte for the King, obeying the commaund- 
rnentes of the Chamberlayn, for the raedages concernyng the King, or fecretary, or ufsher 
of the chambre ; alfo the Steward and Thefaurer, for tiie honour and profit of houlhold, 
i£ i: require. Thefe fitt togeder in the halle at theyre meles ; and whyles they be prefent in 
courte, everyche of them taketh, by the chekker rolle, iiitl. and every man for his 
piothing wynter and fomer yerelj^, one marc j and eche for- his chauuces iiiis, viiid. ; and 

as 



LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 



49 



as oftyn as any of thefe be fente in meflage by the chamberleyn or fecretary, then he 
taketh his wages of the jewel-houfe : and if he be fent by the heedes of the countyng-houfei 
then he taketh oute of courte, wages and all, vd". by day, as other yonricn of houfliold ;. 
and if aiiy of them be ficke in courte, he taketh one loffe, one mefTc of greete mete, dim* 
gallon ale;- and two of thefe have in the courte one clene childe, and lo^ginge for theire 
horfes nygh to the courte. They have part of the gyftes gevyn to the houfnold, if they, or 
any of them, be prefent when it is geven, but none aprons. None of thefe to depart from 
courte but by leave of Steward, Chambyrlayne, Thefaurer, &c.- In the noble Edward's 
houlhold there were xii raeffagers, which were minnifshed by the avoydaunce of the privie 
fealc from houfhold. 

DEANE OF CHAPELL, called the Kinge's Chiefe Chaplaine after the ConfefTonr; 
it is but an office geven without prefentation or confyrmation of any Bifshopp ; fitting in the 
halle, and ferved like to a baron's fervice, and begynnyng the chappell bourde: having in the 
courte a chapleyn under hym, whyche he may affigne to be, by hys power, confeffour o? 
the houihold; aUb one gentylman, both etyng in the halle; he taketh alfo lyverey to his- 
chambre for all day and nyght, iii loves, ii mcfle of grete mete, dim' picher wyne, ii gal- 
lons ale ; and for wynter feafon one torche, one percher, ii candells wax, iii candells peris', 
iii talwood, litter and rnf:^,hes- all the yere of the fcrjeaunt ufsher of the halle and chnmbre, 
and the devvtie of the Kinge's oblations: as it is expreffed before in the title of the King's 
offeringes. Item, he hathe all the offerings of wax> that is made in the King's chappell on; 
CandylmalTe-day, with the moderate fees of the beame, in the feltes of the yere, when 
the tapers be confumed into a (haftmount, by overfight of the countroller.. Alfo the Deane- 
affigneth all the fermons, and the perfons. He taketh yerely clothing with houfhold, for 
wynter and fomer, or money at the countyng-houfe, viii marcs ; and carriage for his com- 
petent beddyng and harnes, in the office of veftyary, by the view of the countroller ; havyng' 
alfo in this courte fower honefi perfons; and when hymfclf is oute of courte, his yoman- 
lliall ete in the halle at the chamberlaynes bourde; alfo he to have afligned logging 
fufficiaunt for his horfes, and the remanent of his fervauntes bourde at his lyverey, and 
other chapleyncs men oute of courte togeder, if they woll. This Deane hath of fee ail the 
white fwordes that the Knyghtes of the Bathe ofler upp to God in the King's chapell. 
Alfo this Deane is curate and confeffour of all this houfliuld. " Ex confuetudine hujus cu- 
" rie regalis rmguJi rainiftri ac etiam inhabitantes quatuor anni feilis folemnibus ad certas 
" oblationes e jure tcncntur ipfarum tamen quantitas ac fpecies apud fingulos voiuntarie con-- 
" filtunc etiam mortuaria quam tociens apud decanum funt reperta ; omnes enim.laici de fuis 
" patrimonialibns in eifdem dioceffibus quibus fua pollideni dominia decimarum tenentur:. 
** verumtamen in domo iila regia nulius Epifcopus quicquam habei juris nifi fabi comraictatur 
" Kex enim patronus ell: et Regimen fiie capelle etiam hofpiralis et fpiricuali^ cure cujus- 
** cumque prefoltero ydoneo inmediate potefl committee." This Deane was determyned by, 
Kynge Herry the Fifte, for ever to be a bachelor of divinitie, or a dofidfir, becaufe of the 
appofile that was made uppon zynra vetus, &c. He hath all corre£lions of chapell-men in 
moribus et fciencia, refer vcd fome cafes to the Steward and count}'ng-houfe. Nethyr this 
Deane, nor other of this chapell, at no tyme part not* with the houlhold of any generall: 
g3^ftes, except the office of veftyary. The Deane makethe the fadde rules of the perfones,, 
clerkes, and all theyre ceremonies in this chappell. Fie affignethe the fub-deane and the 
c'naunters to gnyde kepe and rule, all the queere in ftedfaft fervice and honourable de^- 
jneanyng, to overfee theyre fervices and fonges ; he affigneth alfo the order howe every 
preeft and clerke flial! take his roame after other. Him ought every Friday to kepe a 
eonventicle with them. all, and thereto reherfe the fautes, and to appoint the remedies, and 

fuclrc- 



^ LIBEU NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW.lV. 

fuche as be defecflife or difobedicnt, the Deane or his deputies to fend to the countyng- 
houfe, to putt hym oute of wages, as oft as hym thinketh nedefull. 

CHAPLEYNES AND CLERKES OF THE CHAPELL, XXVf, by the King's choyce, 
>or by the deane his eledbion or denomination, of men of worfnipp, endowed v/ith vcrtuufe, 
niorall, and -fpcculatiff, as of theyre mufike, fhewing in defcant clenc voyfed, well releefed 
and pronouncynge, eloquent in reding, fufficiaunt in organes pleyyng, and modeftiall in all 
other manner of behaving ; all theefe fitting togyder in the hall at the Deanes bourde, and 
loggyng togyder within the court in one charobre, or nyghe thereto, becaufe of lyvereys; 
and whyies they be in courte, everych hathe dayly allowed in the chekker roll viid. oB. 
^f the deane or under-deane complayne not in lacking of his fervyce withdrawen in this 
chappell. And everyche of them for v^ynter and fomer, cloathing of the grete wardtrobe of 
houf-hold, xls. and lyverey to theyre chambre atn)'ght, araonges them all, two loves, one picher 
•vvyne, fix gallons ale ; and for wyntcr lyverey, irom Alihalowen-tyde tyll Eftyr, amonges 
them all, two candells wax, xii candelles peris', viii tallwoed. The houOiold partith not of 
iiio gifres that is geven to the chappell. They pay for theyre owne carriage of bedding 
.and other barneys. They have all the yere litter and rufshes for theyre chambres, of the 
ferjeaunt ufsher of the halle or chambre. And every chaplej'n hath into this courte, whyies 
he is prefent, one honeft fervaunt: end for every ii gentylmen clerks into this court, one 
honeil: fervaunt, and lyverey fufficiaunt for their horfes; and for theyre other fervaunts in 
■the townc, or nye. The King's grace avaunceth thefe preefts and clerks by prebends, 
churches of his patrymony, or by his lettres recommendatory, free chappells, corrodies, 
liiofpitalles, or penfions. Alfo Oure Lady m.affe preeft and the gofpeller, are aligned by the 
deane; and if the King be prefent when he redithe the Pallion on Palme Sonday, it hath 
ten accuftomed the gofpeller to be ferved with a lamprey. And if any of thefe people be 
ficke or lette bloode, that then he withdraw into the towne, taking dayly two loves, one 
■meffe of grete mete, one melTe of rofte, one gallon ale; and when the chappell fynge 
mattyns overnyght, called Blanke Mattyns, or elles folempne dyryges for the Kinge's fader 
or moder, then is there allowed to them comfcttes and wyne. The (latutes of noble Edward 
the Third, appoynted the numbyr of fix cunnyng preefts, tyll they were advaunced, to take 
viid. o'b. and all ether gentylmen clerkes fyngers, four pence half penny by the daye. 

Memorandum, that the King hathe a fonge before hym in his hall or chambre uppoa 
AU-hallowen day at the latter graces, by fome of thefe clerkes and children of chappel in re- 
membrance of ChriflmafTe ; and foe of men and children in Chriltmafle thorowoiite. Bnt 
.after the fonge on All-hallowen day is done, the Steward and Thefaurere of houfliold 
.{hall be warned v/here it liketh the Kiisg to kepe his .Chriftm.alfe. 

YOMEN OF CHAPELL, II, called piftellers, groweing from the children of the chappell 
:b.y fucceffion of ag^ and after that theire voices change-, and yet that by the deane his deno- 
mination, and for theire cunnyng and vertue. Thefe two yomen etyn in the hall at the 
chappell board, taking dayly in courte of wages and clothing, lyke in courte by the chekkyr 
roll, iii3 •, and cloathing as the houfliold doth, playne and hot party; or elles eche of 
them by way of reward, allowed by petytion, yerely, liiis. iiiid. by the difcretion of the 
Sieward and Thefaurere, and Deane,; and carriage for their competent bedding, with the 
^ carr.yage of children of the .chappell. 

CHILT^REN OE CHAPELL, VIIT, founden by the King's Jewel-houfe, for all thinges 
that belongeth to thayre apparayle, by the handes or overfight of the Deane, or by the 
ilji .iflyr of Ibnges aflTigacd to teche them; which maifter is apoynted by the feyd Dean, and 

chofea 



LIBER NIGER DOM Ob ,1 E G I S E D W. IV. 51 

diofen one of the numbyr of the feyd felyfiiipp of chapell. And he to drawe- tlicfe 
chyldren, as well in the fchoole of facett, as in fonge, organes, or fuche other verruous 
thinges. Thefe children etyn in the halle dayly at the chappell bourde, next the yomen at' 
veftyary; takynge amonges them in iyvcrcy for all day brckefafle and nyghr, two lovrs, 
one niefTe of grete mete, two gallons ale -, and for wynter fealon, four candelles peri?-'^ 
iii talvvood, and litter for theyre beddes, of the fergeaunt ufsher, and carriage at the King's 
cofte for theyre competent bedding, by overfight of the countroUer; and ai>onges them all 
to have one fervaunt into this courte, to trufle and here theyre barneys, and to fette thcire 
lyvereys in courte. And fuche dayes as the King's chappell reraoveth, every of thefc 
children then prefent receveth iiiid. at the grene feald of the countvng-houfe, for horfe hyre 
dayly, as longc as they be journeying; and when any of thefe children be fuke, they take 
lyverey as with the fycke yomen of houfhold. Alfo when they be growen to the age of 
xviii yeres, and then theyre voyces be chaunged, ne cannot be preferred in this chappell, 
nor within this courte, the numbyr beyng full; then, if ihey wuU aflcnt, the King affigneth 
every fuche child to a college of Oxenford or Cambrigc, of the King's foundation, there to 
be in finding and fludy fufficiauntly, tyll the Kinge otherwife lift to advaunce hym. 

CLERKE OF CLOSETTE, keperhthe ftuffe of the clofette ; he prepareth all thinges 
for the ftuffe of the aultres to be redy, and taking upp the travers ; laying the cuyfshyns 
neceffary for the Kinge and the chapleyns. There he helpeth the chaplcyns to fay nialfe ; 
and if this clerke lofe torche, taper, mortar of wax, or fuche other, growing of tlie The- 
faurere of houQiold his charge in any parts, then he to aunfwer therefore, as the Steward, 
Thefaurere, CountroUer, or the Judges under them, at the grene-cloth, wuU award by reafon. 
Alfo this clerk etith in the hall with the fergeaunt of the veftyary by the chappell gen-^yl- 
men, and taketh for his lyverey at nyght dim' gallon ale ; and for wynter lyverey two cav.- 
delles peris', dim' talwood, rufshes for the clofett, and litter for his bedde of the fergeaunt 
ufsher: and dayly for his wages in courte by the chekker rolle iiiid. oti. and clothing for 
wynter and fomer with the houdiold, or elles xxs. -, and at everyche of the iiii fedes in the- 
yere, fhall take of the greete fpycery a towell of work, conteyning four elles, of the Kinge*s 
houfhold: and that towell fo onys occnpyed, is fee to this clerke; but he parteth not with 
the yefces of houfhold. And if he be ficke in courte, he taketh two loves, one melfe of 
grete mete, one gallon ale. and lyverey by the herberger for his horle; he hath one honeffc 
fervaunt into this courte to help him. Sec. and for the carryage of this cloifcttc is afligned a 
fompter horfe, and one fompter man, fonnden by the Thefaurere his charge of houfl-iold 
by overfight of the CountroUer. The Chamberlayne is this clerke's auditour and oppofer; 
and this clerk warnyth fuche chapleyns, as it liketh the King or the Chamberlayne, to at- 
tend to do fervice any day or wecke to the Kinge. 

MAIS TYR OF GRAMER, *' quern necefTarium cfl in poetica atone in regnlis pofitionis 
" gramatice expeditum fore quibus audientiumi aninios cum dili^entia inllruct ac inform^c ;" 
fcilicet, the King's Henxmen, the children of ch;ipell, after ihev can theyre defcant, rhc 
clerkes of the awmery, and other men and children of courte, difpofcd to learne in this ' 
fcience, if they be of oidinate maillyrs within this courte ; whiche maiilvr of gramcr amonge, 
if he be a preefte, m.ud hnge our Lcudy mclfe in the Kinge's chjpell, or elles amonge, to' 
rede the Gofpell at the hyghe malTc; and to be at the greere proccni'ons ; antl this to be by' 
the Dean his aflignation, taking his mete in the hail, fitting with the fergeannt of veflyary, 
and clerk of clofett, and lyverey at n\ght, dim' gallon ale-, and tor wvnter lyverey, one 
candell peris', dim' talwood, or elles one faggott; and for his dayly wages in courte by the 
cliekker rolle, whyles he^s prefent, iiiid. ot3. or elles reward of five marcs, by dilciellion, 

11 and 



51 LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

and cloathing "vvith t]ie houfliold wynter and fomer, or xxs. carryage for his competent bedde 
and boukcs, with the children of chapel), by countroller^ not parting with no giftcs of 
houfliold, but abyding the Kinge's advauncement after his demerits ; and lyverey afligned 
for his horfe by the Kinge's herbcrger: and to have into this courte with hyni one honeft fer- 
vitcOre. 

OFFICE OF VESTIARY, hathe in hym a fergeannr, preefl: or layman, as the Kinge, by 
the Denn his advife, feincthc bcil according, for la ward faufely, and overfee all 'fnche 
facrcd fluffe of holy churche, and other richeife longing' to the chappcll and veftyary. The 
fluffe of this office is taken by indenture of every parcel), and twey tymes in the ycre viewed' 
£nd dcwly examined by the Kinge's cliaraberlayn and dean for the tyme beinge ; and 
making the chaunges of the awlter clothes and veftymentes in fewtes and colours as the 
fayntes and feftes require, with all other ornamentes accordauntes, whereof the purveyaunce 
]ycth in charge to the Kinge's warderobe and to his jewei-houfe ; and the auditte and 
viewes of all this fluffe longith to the chamberlayne and dean, as it is abovefayd, except 
for fynging, bread, wyne, holy bread, every fonday a chiet lofe, wayfshing of furplyle 
of all the chapel! , encenfe, torches, tapers, morters, and fmail candelks of wax, and the 
lynnen cloath for tht fepulcre and fount;, whiche lynnen clothe of the fepulcre is aftyr- 
ward fee to this ferjeaunt : and this ftuffe apperteyneth to the charge of Thcfaurere of 
houlhold. AJfo this fergeauntes wages out of courte in fewing for his office of veflyary 
by record of countroller, hath ben ufed to be allowed in the countyng houfe, after viiid.. 
a day, as them think reafonable ; it femeih more according to have his wages owe of the 
jewell-houfc, becaufe he feweth by the chamberlaynes warrant. One fergeaunt of this- 
office etith in the hall, and taketh lyverey for his chambre, at nyghr, dim' gallon ale ;. 
and for wynter lyverey one candell wax, one candell peris', dim' talwood ; and lyverey for 
all this office, nyghtly in wynter feafon, one candell wax, two candellcs peris', one tal- 
v/ood dim' ; and for his dayly wages, by the chekker rolle whyles he is prefent in cou;te» 
iiiid". ob. and clothing with the chapell wynter and fomer, or xxs. of the countyng-houfe ; 
rufihes and litter for chapell and veflyary ail the yere of the fergeaunt ufsher. And 
at everyche of the iiii fefles in the yere, naprons of the grete fpycery, two elles of lynnen 
clothe, price iis. And having into this courte, one honeff lervaunt, and lyverey for his 
horfts. And for the officers of this office, fufficiauntly nyghe by the herberger, and car- 
riage for his competent bedde, by the overlight of the countroller. One yoman or two, 
as the Steward or Thefaurer think nedefuU, eting with the fergeaunt in the hall at chapell 
bourde, proved trewe men and diligent to kepe this office; and grete richefTe with the 
fergeaunt, executing all that longith to the apparayle of this office, as the dean and fer- 
geaunt wull affigne them for the Kinge ; taking for theyre dayly wages by the chekker 
rolle everyche yoman iiid. in courte; and for theyre wages dayly oute of courte, in the 
fervice in this office, v a. by recorde of the countyng-houfe, and cloathing with the houfe-- 
liold wynter and fomer, and chaunces, or elles xviiid. apiece: and the lynnen clothe' 
about the font,, being fee to this yoman. They take naprons alfo at everyche of the iiii 
fefles; a yoman, one elle clothe, price viiid- and carriage for theyre competent beddyng by 
the countroller : and all.vey ii yomen of houfhold, to have one honeft child whiles they be 
prefent in courte. One groome to kepe and to attend upon this office dylygently, helping 
to drelfe the chappcll, kepe fure and truffe the fliuffe, way ting on the carryage, fetting in 
the lyvereys, trew, proved, and obedyent to the fergeaunt and yomaa, as for the King. 
And this nllicer fitting in the hall beneath the yomen of this office, at the chappell bourde,. 
or by the children of chappcll, taking his rewardes like the groomes of houffiolc ; and if 
any groome be fent out by the power of the countyng-houfe, then he taketh for expenfes 
dayly iiict. after the eld culUime -, and if it be by the jewel-houfe it is allowed more largely. 
Alfo carryage of harnevs, competent for all the groomes, by the Kinge, by countrollement. 
3 ^ CLERKS 



LIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS E D W. IV. 



53 



CLERKE OF CROWNE of the King's chauncery, receveth the old comralffions made for 
the purveyaunces of the King's houfliold, the date being expyred at every hah" yere, and ia 
to make newe, as the Thefaurer of houfhold dothe endorfe the fayd commiflions; or elles by- 
other newe billes of vvarrauntes under this feale, as often as it ihall require by the feyd 
Thefaurer fo to be examined ; wherefore this fej'd clerke taketh a yerely reward in the 
countyng-houfe of xls. remembered alwey that he take nothing elles for his writiiiges, 
ne for the Kinge's feale of the faid purveyours. 

CLERKE OF MARKETTE, Is ordeyncd to attend uppon this honorable houfliold, called 
the King's Prefence; he maketh examination in citecs, boroughes, tovvnes, and other fiaun- 
chifees, within and wichoute, of the affizcs of brede, wyne, ale; and the aflizes of all 
manner of meafures, elles, yerdes and weyghtes ; and the prifes of all manner of greynes ; 
and alTo of other excefTyff wynnyngcs by vytayle, or other (liiMe of marchandife, that be ufed 
" infra virgam curie feu Regie prefencie proprie." This clerke fhall punifshe all luche tref- 
pafiburs and difobedientes thu thus myffeufe of fifes, ageynlt the olde (latutes or new of 
Knglond, and agaynlt the Kinge's proclamations. *' Rex Johannes fecit acclamari ut legalis 
*' aliira panis inviolabilicer fub pcna coUillrigiali obferveretur per liipervifionem hujus clerici, 
'* et etiam in omnibus franchefiis et tunc probatur iflia quod piftor poterit fic vemlere uc 
*' fcquitar et luciaii tres denarios excej)tis brcnnio ct ducbus panibus ad furnacium et quatuor 
*' fervientibus fuis quatuor obulos, et duobus garcionibus unum quadrantera; et pro fale obo- 
" lum; et candelis quadrantem; et pro bofco tres denarios; et in buleiello obolum: quando 
** quarter' frumenti venditur pro vi folidos tunc panis albus de quadrante bene codlus xvi 
*' lolidos de viginti lora. Et panis de tot blado dtbet ede bonus et bene codus, ita quod 
** nihil fubtrahatur et ponderabit viginti quatuor folidis; et (ic defcende per omnes quar- 
'*' terios ufque ad quarterium frumenti bencdifli precii xviiict. ut patet in cronica Regis Johannis 
■*' fratris Regis Ricardi." Alfo the clerke rydeth in the countries before the Kinge's commyng, 
to warne the people to bake, to brevve, and to make redy other vytayle and (lufle into 
theire lodginges. Alfo in every good market town, as it fiiall ferae him moft cxpedyent, 
he may charge twelve of the faddefl: men of dwellers to preyfe the greyiies, and to fefTe 
the prifes of brede, wyne, ale, manncs mete and horfe mete, and.othyr ftulFe, by theyre 
othes, for the Kinge and his houfhold ; and then this clerke fendeth this prefcntment, under 
the feale of his office, into the countyng-houfe ; and that feale to be broken upp by fiiche, 
as for that tyme have more rule at the greene cloth, whereto alfo the j>cop!e of the courtc 
may refort for to know the prifes, afiyr whiche the Kinge and his houfhold doth allow 
and pay to the countrey. This clerke fercheth alfo of the good rules and of riotes that 
bene ufed in ths countrey, by the fojournantes of all the houfiiold, and it reportethe to the 
Stevvarde and Thefjurere of houfeholde. By the flatutes of noble Edward the Thirde, this 
•officer had more bullnelTe in the Marflialcye, and alfo in this houlhold ; but novve he is 
accomptaunt in the King's efcheker of all his ilTucs. It m:\y accord well, that this chief 
•clerke of markette be a fquyre of this houfiiold, as it pleafeth the foveraynes ; and then 
to take lyverey in every tbinge as an houfliolde fquire, elles he taketh nothinge in this 
courte as of lyverey, but by warraunt ; but after the guyfe of marclialcye, when they 
come at feftes. The Steward of houiliold moQe ipecially owith to have herkenyng uppon 
this clerkes demeanyng in the countries for opprellions,. or other eMortioas, injuries, 
or wronges, done to the Kinge's people. 

CLEilKE OF WORKES, called by the noble Edwarde *' clerke des cevres du Roy, preig- 
■** nauntl^ c^^ges fees et lautre choifes appurtenaunte a fon office par rafiignement du Tnefau- 
** rere d'Aogleterre de hers le charge dc i'oiftiel du Roy." This clerke huth no duetie long- 

H 2 ing 



54 LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 

jng to bym in this houfhold, b}' vertue of this oflice outward; but if he be appoynted by 
the foveraynes of houlbokk ro take wages and cloathinge with the liouQiold, it mouo;ht 
caiife hym to be the more artendaunt for neceffary byldynges in offices in this houfe;- 
and fo he may take lyverey as a Squier of houfhold. 

AT THE WARDKS 1VTARRYAGE5 that growen to the Kinge by right or by 
favour, fuche take wages or rewardes of the King's pryve coflfyrs or jewel-houf.-, and 
all thcyre other necelTaryes for theyrc bodycs, of the Kinge's wardevobe, after theyre 
efiate or degree; but allwey lyveres of mete and drinke, and other by the Thefaurere of 
houlliold, tyll they be accepted to theyre landes, or ellcs folde by the Kinge.. 



DOMUS 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 55 

DOMUS PROVIDENCIE in qua quecumque raulta requiruntur ad unum necelTe eft 
unum eorum effe principale, ad quod omnia alia ordinantur. Unde, et in quolibet toto 
neceffe eft unam partem formalem et predominantem, a qua totum unitatem habet ; et 
fecundum hoc providentia eft principalior inter omnes par',es prudencie ; quia omnia alia que 
requiruntur ad providenciam ad neceffaria funt ut aliquid recle ordinetur in finera ; et ideo 
nomen ipfius prudencie fumitur a providencia fic.ut a principaliori fua parte non fpeculatorie 
fed et in prafticis. — Dicirur itaque providencia, id eft, procul videns, et efl ipfa divina ratio 
in fummo omni principe conftituta que cundra difponit. Ac etiam providencia eft cura et 
follicitudo circa licita cum policia prefentis vite admixta et fpecialiter ad juftum, que funt 
neceffaria effe procuranda in futurum, propter imminentem famem vel (citim, vel frigu?. 
Non ergo improbat deus fi quis huraano more ifta temporalia procuret fibi et aliis, fed fi 
quis propter, ifta non deo militet. Unde Philofophus, '* Providentia ad finem caritatis ordinata 
** eft commendanda uifi fit fuperflua tunc non eft ibi virtus, quia fecundum ^irtutem omnia 
*' fiunt reSe j id eft, fecundum quod oportet." 

STYWARD OF HOUSHOLDE, receyveth his charge of the King's highe and propyr 
perfon, and the ftaffe of houflioW, by thefc wordes following; " Senefchall tenez la baton 
** du notre hoftiell ;" by whiche he is alfo forthwith Steward of the whoole courte of 
Marchalcye, that is* the courte of houftiold, in whiche he is judge of lyfe and lymme ; 
and except thoes caufes, the Thefaurer, Countroller, Coftyrrer, two Clerkes of the Greene 
Clothe, and the Chiefe Clerk of the Countrollment, for any matters elles done within the 
houfhold, or apperteynyng thereto ; they fitte with hym at the bourd of doome within the 
houfliold, that is, at the greene clothe in the countyng-houfe, as recorders and witneffers to 
the trouthe. The fecundary eftate and rule under the Kinge, of all his excellent houfhold, 
is wholly committed to be ruled and guyded by his reafon, and his commaundraentcs prin- 
cipally to be obeyed and obferved for the Kinge. Alfo within this houfhold, except in the 
Kinge's chambre, allwey in his fervifes to be fervcd covered oute of the Kinge's prefence 
only, what grete eftate elles that be prefent; as for his cuppe, cup-bourde, and difshes, 
with doubell fervife, but none affaye. Item, he hath the office to call the names of 
knyghtes, cytezeins, and burgeffes, at the parliament-doore, the furft day of commence- 
ment, and to amerce fuche as fayle by the certificate. Alfo he may licence fuche as wolde 
depart, as hym thinketh pleafing to the Kinge. Item, he with the Thefaurer and Coun- 
troller, ftiall, upon All-hallowen day, whether the King kepe hall or chambre, fiiewe the 
Kinge three names of the able hoomes, whereof the King ftialle name one to pvrrpofe to abyde 
at his Chriftmas, hereof the officers to have knowledge. Alfo, whiles he is prefent in 
courte, there owght no newe commaundmentes, nor charges of officers, or any other per- 
fon be made, withoute the commaundment furft of his mouthe. Alfo in all the houfe- 
hold rules and jiigementes, he reprefenteth the Kinge's eflate ; his ftaffe is taken as for 
commiffion. Alfo he may in this court of houfholde, adnulle any cuftume, not nieddled 
with wurihipp and profitt, but chaunge it, and edyfye anewe fuche as ftiall ferae his 
wifdom, by the advyce and counfayle takyn at the countyng-bourde, for the better, and 
to the Kinge and his houfeholde of more honour and profit. And for that he is head 
officer, he gevithe enfaumple to all others to be of good governaunce, with an ordinate 
rule to be contented with moderate coftages withih this courte, in lyveres, fervices, takinge 
dinners, metes and foupers, in the halle, moft fpecially, or in his chambre, or in any 
other office, as often as it pleafeth hym to ferchc and fee the good fadde rules^ and the 
direftions of officers in them. He hath dayly in the halle etyng, one chapleyn, two efquiers, 
four yoraen ; and to his chambre dayly, for his brekefail, and his chamberlayn, his mete 
and fouper, and lyverey for all night, viii loves, iiii meffe of greete mete, ii rewardes of 

rofte. 



56 LIBE II NIGER DOMUS REGIS E D VV- IV. 

rofte, ii pichers wyne, vi gallons of ale, in pottcs of filver for his lyverey ; and from All- 

kiillov/entidc till Eltyr, one lorche to attend uppon iiymfelf, one tortayes to fette his lyverey, 

bafyn, ewer, and towell by iii perchers w.ix, vi candelles wal, viii peris', viii tailowe, 

iiii faggotes, litter and luishes all the yere of the fcrgeautit ullher of the halle; and after 

wynier feafon, iiii fliides, ii faggotts ; and when hym likcth to have more largely in any 

thinge, then his keper of his chanibre doth fette it, and make thereof a record by tayle 

or bill into the countyng-houfe. Alfo, the Steward takethe of the countyng houfe fo.- his 

fee at Eflyr and Mighelraas, xx marcs ; and for his robes for vvynter and fomer, 'at the 

feftes of CiiflmafTe and Whitfontide, xvi marcs; and for his napery at the iiii principall 

felles of the yere, by evyn portions, in prifes of lynyn clothe, in the greete fpycery, or 

in money therefore by a bille in the countyng-houfe, xiiit. xvid". Item, he hathe one 

yoman of his chambre ftylle abydyng in the courte, to kepe his chambre and ftufFt*-, and 

he purvey-eth againll his mailer or lordes comyng. This yo nan takyth to his chambre dayly 

in courte, one calte ot brede, ii mcfle of greete mete for none and nyght, one gallon ale 

whyles his maifler is abfent. The Steward and Thefaurer in hys abfence, within this courte, 

reprefents unto the eftate of an Erie; he hathe into thys court ten perfones. •' Eccles', Qua- 

" lis eft reftor domus, talis in ea habitantes. Idem, Eccies', Noli efl'e ficut leo in domo tua*," 

And if this Steward be but a fquire, he weareth his robes of the fame fhape, but it is 

another furre of coloure. This Steward, Thefaurer, or CountroUer, of verry duetee, one 

of them, or all, ought to be at the dayly accomptes, to here the complayntes of offences of 

the courte, and to correal: them, or peafe them, as it accordcth by dew examination ; hym 

ought to have the propyrties of all thefe names that be afcryved unto hym, in rewarding of 

oiticers for theire well doinges, and in punition for theyre offences; and that ftrydly for 

more or leffe by his dycreffion, that peace may be kept in courte j and with manafeing or 

thretnynges outward, fpecyally among officers^ 

THESAURERE OF HOUSHOLDE, whyche taketh his charge before theKinge's hygh- 
nefie, or hys counfayle of lordes, as hys othe, hereafter written, doth declare. He is 
the fecond eftate next the Steward in this honorable courte, and in the Steward his abfence 
bothe in the halle, in his owen chambre, as in othyr offices, the Kinge's chambre only 
excepted, he hathe bene ufed to be covered, cupbourde, cuppe, and other with double fer- 
vifes, though the clde faying be, that none of them both fiiould be covered oute of the 
King's halle, for there they reprefent the greete eftate opynly ; unto whom alfo all 
officers of courte dial be obedyent and ferviceable as for theKinge's part, and the honour of 
this royall courte. He doth bothe corrections in this courte, and gyfe pardons with the 
Steward. AUb the grete charge of polycy and hufbandry of all this houfhold, growyth 
and ftondyth mofte part by hys fad and dylygent pourveyaunce and conduytes. Alfo he ys 
a gever of exauniple to all ether, to be of good governaunce under a rule, contented with 
moderate coftagcs in this courte, of his lyverey and fervice, taking dayly metes and foupers 
in the Kinge's hall, or in any office elks, when it pleafeth hym to fee the rules and de- 
raeanynges of profit or no profit, in offices fo named, or fuppofed not worffiipfull. Alfo 
he hatn dayiy, whyles he is prefent in courte, one chapleyn, two efquires, two yomen, 
etyng in the halle; and for his chambre brekefaft, none, fouper, and lyverey for all nyght, 
vii loves, iiii meire of greete mete, ii rewardes of rofte, ii pychers wyne, vi gallons ale; 
and from AU-hallovvenride tyll Eftyr, a tcrche wayting for hymfelf, a tortays to fette by hys 
lyverey, two perchers wax, iiii candylls wax, vi candylls peris', vi tallow, iiii faggcts, litter 
and rufshes, all the yerb of the fergeaunt ufsher ol the halle. And after wyuter lyverey, 
iii talwood, ii faggotts and when hym pleafeth to have more large in any thinge, then 
his chamberlayn to rccoide alle that he Lathe by a tayle, or bylle, in the countyng-houfe, 

* Ecclef IV. 30. 

daily 



tIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS EDW. IV. 57 

daily when It requlr3tb. This Thefaurer taketbe no fee in houOiolde, but for his rob)'s 
wynter and fomer at the feftes of Cryftmafle and Whytfontide, xvi marcs; and for hys 
napery at the iiii feftes of the yere, by evyn portions in lynyn clothe oure of the fpycery, 
or elles by a bill from thence into thys countyng-houfe, by evyn portions, xiiit. xvid. ; and, 
for every day that he ys oute of courte for the Kinge's matters touching ihys houlhold, xxs. 
He hathe allwayes continuynge in courte, one yoman to kepe his chambre, and to purvey 
for his lyverey, fcr his horfes in the countrey, taking lyverey dayly ii loves, ii mefl'es of 
greete mete, one gallon ale. It belongeth to the Thefaurer, with the Steward and Coun- 
troller, to remember the Kinge's Highneffe of his difpofition and purpofes, howe his remem- 
bringes and moft abydings, ihal be both for his proper perfon, aud for his houfhold from 
tyme to tyme, by the whyche he may lodge redyly the Kinge's wynes; and to make pro- 
vifion for wood, coole, hay, otes, for that feafon ; and, if pollycy wull it, in that cooftes, 
boihe for whete, ale, beef, moton, and fuche other as the countrey may here. To declare 
what the Thefaurer ought to do, every office and o'hcer in this courte flievvith to hym his 
part. I'hefe greete officers have fumetymes ufed to kepe charriottes at theyre owiie cofles, 
founden at theyre lyverey, with theyre othyr horfes, in the countrey. After the noble 
Edward the Third, he is called " Cuflos magne garderobe hofpicii dcniini Regis." This 
Thefaurer, in abfence of the Steward, is ferved with doubyll fervyce-, he hathe into this 
courte viii perfones ; alfo the Thefaurer, Countroller, Cofferer, and in theyre abfence, 
clerkes of greene clothe^ and the chiefe clerke countroller, fhall punyflie offences unto the 
flockkes by theyre dyfcreffion for theyre offences after as they fynde the matter worthy fuchc 
Gorreftions, or jefle. 

« JUR AMENTUM THESAURARII. Ye woll fweere by that booke, to be after your 
power and cunnynge, a good wiirfhipfull true officer to the Kinge our foverayn lord,, whofe 
hyghe eftate yow here prefent, and dylj'gent fervyce do to hym as Thefaurer of his noble 
houfhold ; and not to be knowing nor confenting to any thinge that mought be agaynft hym 
in his body naturall, or of his goodes temporall; but that ye lett it after your power, or 
elles to geve hafty knovvlegge thereof to hymlelf, or to fuche about hym that wold do 
hym to witt, or to lette it and amend it. And all fuche goodes as ye fliall rec^eve of the 
King's, by the Thefaurer of Englond, or other officers, for the eftate and confervation of 
his royall houfhold, and for the expenfys of ir, ye (hall truly charge your fcife therewith, 
and thereof due accompte yeild into the Kinge's excheker, full andhoole, by every two 
yeres end at the farthefl ; and noe concelement make. Alfo to behave yow truly and 
honefily, in making of all your paymentcs with fayre demeanyngos, cheryfshing love bcrwcxc 
the Kinge and his people ; and that fuche paymentes be ufed and made continually at 
the greene clothe, in the countyng-houfe of houfhold. Alfo that ye take oftyntymes vievves, 
and fuche overfights of all manner vytayie and (lufTe, comprifed within your charge and 
parcells in every office, fo that the utteraunce of it be guyded to the Kinge's molt worfliip 
and profitt ; and that in all your fcffions and' judgements in the countyng-houfe,. uppon any 
matter, caufe, or thinge, to fey and geve your doomes truly, after s^ood confcyence, ryght 
reafon, and all the rules of this courte, wyll require betwixt the King and party, and any 
other party and parties; cheryfsyng the good officer, and punifshing the evyli doer, not by 
affedion nor love only, nor in malgrye nor evyll wyli, but retourne trouth to every partie, 
as nyghe as ye can. Item, ye ffiall nother aske nor confent to none allowaunces, bur fuche 
as fhall be rightful! and dewe to be done;, and that ye demeane you in charginge or dif-- 
charging of the cxpences of houfchold alwayes to the Kinge's worlhip and profit, and in 
your own perfon to be enfampler to other of the courte. Alfo fuche parcelles of pour- 
veyaunces as Ihal be brought in to the countyng-houfe of your tyme, be trewly pour- 

veyed 



58 LIBER NMGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 

veyed and parcelled by indentures betwixt fucli officers and you, by good examinations 
and ferches in the countreys, as truly as ye can charge all the purveyours ; and that it be 
duly oppofed in the countyng-houfe monethly for the King. And alfo that ye ferche 
the good old fad worfliupfull and profitable rules of the' courte, ufed before tyme, and 
them kepe, uphold, or bectyr if ye can : as God helpe you, and by that booke." 

This Thefaurer forthwith taketh his llafFe of the Kinge ; and in the next morning erly 
after, in every office of houfliold, the remanentes muft be taken -, and in all the countreys 
there, tiie Kinge hathe any (luOe loggynge, to be hailyly viewed for the old Thefaurer his 
difcharge, and to the new Thefaurer his charge; and if he be a bacheler knyghr, he 
wearvthe his robes and hoodes, at iiii fefles of the yere, in the Kingc's prefence, iyke of 
fourme as clothe a greate baron of Englond, and the King's kervers. And if he be a 
fquyer, he hathe his robys of another forme after the fame fliape. 

Tempore Henrici quarti Regis, quidam Magifter Bokyngham fuit Thefaurarius hofpicii ; 
fed poftea fadtus eft Epifcopuj Lincoln -, hie piimo abflruxit de modis et formis et abbrevia- 
tione didlarum hofpicii Regis fub breviori compofitione et fuperficiali compoutione de omnibus 
expenfis alicujus hofpicii noflrorum flatus. Et poftea dedit opus fuum domino Henrico Epo 
ac Cardinali Winton', fi qui tunc confirmavit familiam et domum fuam fecundum idem opus. 
Non tamen tarn perfeclura facit corapotum. Nos omnes finales conclufiones ficut modus et 
forma hofpicii domus Regis. 

COUNTROLLEll of this houfliold royall, takythe his charge in the King's prefence, 
as it apperyth in his othe •, he is thirde in eftate of thys houfe aftyr the Steward, but 
at no tyme nor place within thys courte covered in fervyfe, and but fingle ferved : by whofe 
fupervifion and wittnefs, the Thefaurere of houffiold is dyfcharged from many partyculer 
accompts of thinges dyfpended in houffiold, whych, by hys record, is compryfed and allowed 
within the Thelaurer his accompte in grolTe, that elles fhould be exprefTed in every fmall 
partycularytie, as of every pewter dyfshe, cup of tree, pottes of lethyr or erthe, as of othyr 
many fmall and infinite fpyces and othyr thinges; and fo pafTeth by hys countrollment as 
well as of vytaylle, or any other gold or fylver ; in whome alfo, next after the Steward and 
Thefaurer, the power of houfliold reftyth ; to whome alfo the officers and miniflres of thys 
courte owe obedyence for the Kinge ; he gevyth enfaumple to all other of lower eflate and 
degrees, to be content with moderate coftages of lyverey and fervyfes in this houfliold, 
fytting dayly at metes and foupers in the hulle, after the fyght that he takyth furft of the 
fervyce of the whoole courte, or elles when he fyttythe in other place or office within the 
courte, to fee the good governaunces thereof, and the dylygence of offycers, and theyre con- 
veyaunces in worfliip and profitt to the King; and whyles he is prefent in courte, he hathe 
etyng in the halle, one gentylman, one yoman; and for hys chaumbre for brekefalt and 
lyverev for noone and fouper tyme, and for all nyght, v loves, ii mefles of grete mete, one 
rewarde of rofte, one pycher w\nc, iiii gallons ale ; and from All-halowentyde tyll Ellyr, 
one torche fjr hyrafelfe, one lorcayes to fctte his livcrey by, one percher wax, iiii candyllcs 
wax, iiii candylls peris', v tallwood, ii faggotts, litter and rufshes all the yere of the fer- 
geaunt of the h.ill.; and for fomer lyvcrcy, ii tallwood, ii faggotts; and when he would have 
jnore larger in any thinge to hys chambre, then hys chamberlayn to record it by bylle or 
tjyle into tne countyng-houfe; and whyles hymfelf is prefent in courte, he takyth dayly by 
the chekker rolle xvd. The Itatutes of the noble Edward the Thirde fayne, tyll he be pre- 
ferred by the Kyng lo as muche lyveiode in other placys, for rerme of hvs lyre; alfo 
for hys robys, wynrer and fomer, for the feftes of Cryilmafl'e and Whytfontyde, by the warde- 
rob^ of houlhold, whiche is the countyng-houfe, viii marcs ; and for hys napery at the 
fowcr hilci, yereiy by eq.iall poriions, in lynyn clothe of the grete fpycery, iiii elles, bv 
2 ' byll 



LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D \V. IV. 59 

byll dyre(^ed to the coiintyng-houfe, as for fci muche ftaffe bought of hyra, xiiil:. xvlct. and 
for bys wages out of courte dayly, when he is in bufmefTe for the houlliold matters, to be 
payd in the countyog-houfe, xiiis. iiiicJ. ; and alfo he hath one yomau to kepe hys chambre, 
and to make purveyaunce for hys horfes at hys lyverey in the countrey ; this yoman takyth 
dayly in the courcc, two loves, one mefTe of grete mete, one gallon aie. 

" JURAMENTUM CONTRAROTULATOR'. Ye wolle fwere by that booke, to doe 
" unto the Kinge our foveraync lorde, good, true, and dylygent fcrvyfe, after your power 
^* and cunnynge, as Countroller of hys honourable houfliold ; and not to knowe nor confent 
*' to any thinge that may be hurting to hys hygh eftate, or to hys body or goodes, but that 
" ye fliall lette it, after your power, or elles warne them, in hally tyme, that may lette it. 
*' Alfo to controUe the receytes, and all the yffues of the Thefaurers office of houfhold ; and 
" that to recorde in playne accompt into the Kinge's efcheker, after the olde fournie of the 
** couotyng-houfe. Alfo truly and jultly to help make the prifes of al manner ftutTes, of 
*' vytayle, and other, purveyde for thys hou(hold, and that ye fee and knowe that it be good 
*' and hollbnie vytayle in every thinge for the Kinge and hys houlbold ; and for the Kinge's 
" worfhypp. Alfo that it be lyke wurth lo the fylvcr that the King mud pay therefore, 
*' or better, by your wyfedom and difcreffion ; and elles fuche vyttayle of mete and drinke 
" be daaipned and adnulled, fo that it be not difpendyd with in this houfhold ; and to fhevve 
" and commune fuche matters at the grene-cloth byfo^e the Sce-vard and Thefaurer, that it 
*' may be undcrflond not doen for inilyce; and thjre to counfayle upon whome to cafl: 
" the lolles of fuche mylTe-pourveyaunce. Alfo ye to be confcycnfly affentyng in and to all 
*' dew allowaunccs to be made or gevyn in the countyng-houfe betwyxc the King and hys 
" people; and to apply your befynclle upon the good guyding and overfyghtes of all fuche 
*' manner charges and expenccs, within thys courte and withoute, alfo longinge to thys 
*' houQi )ld. Alfo in your parrie to make dewe ferche, and to enquire of and uppon the 
'•' condytions of j urvcyours, and of theyre provifyons inward and outward ; and of all the 
" demeanynges of the officers of thys courte, that there arifc no fclaunder, by theyre dede?, 
** unto thys famous courte. And that ye fee that the officers under you, for the Kinge, putte 
" them in theyre dylygence, to take oftyn the vyewes of offices, that the allowances of ex- 
" pences paffe not theyre charges of rcyfceyte. Yc alfo to make accompte of all the Thc- 
*' faurer of houfhold his charge and dyfcharge, for all the refceytes, purveyaunces, and the 
** expence?, and no concelement make thereof, bv.t truly to er.grolTc it, and to putte it into 
" the Kinge's exchequer. And in your offyce to attend and preferre the Kinge's Vi'urfnyppe 
" and profytt, as nyghe as ye can devyfe, and ye to ferche, kepe, and upholde the good, fadde, 
" wurffiypfull and profy table lules, and the flatutes iifed beforctyme in this courte, and them 
*' to encrece. And that \'cur demeanjng l:;e exampler to aile othyr under you in thys courte 
** of good governaunce. And alfo that ye or your undyr-clerk, or both, be at the coupage 
" of fleyfshc, and at the departing of fyfshe, at the fervyce of rhe Kinge's chambre and halle, 
*' and to knowe the veiry de'vvties of lyvereys dayly in houffiold; and to fee, with the almo- 
*' ner, that the melTes thereof be fmyttyn in a luftycyaunt and according manner, after the 
" o'de cullum.es, and i'o to ferve' it into the Kinge's halle, and to other ofrycers dewe. Alfo 
" ye or your undyr-cleikes, as cfte as it requiryth, fliall take the remanentes and vyewes in 
" offices, and furely make the booke ofwyne; andallthysprefent in the countyng-houfe, as often 
** as ye be defyred by the Steward, Cofierer, and the clerks of grene-clothe, which mufl nedes 
*' engroffe the grete accompte of houfliold, by your recorde ; to all whyche thinges ye woll 
" confourme you, after your power and unclerflonoing ; fo God helpe you, and by tJiys 
*' booke." Forthwith he receyvyth hys flaffe of the King, or of hys greate counfayle. 

I COFFERER: 



6o LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

COFFERER of the King's houfhold, whyche takyth in charge all the receytes for 
the Thefaurcr of houfliold, as of money fpecyally by indentures made betwixt them tweyne; 
and he delyveryth to all other offycers purveyours, theyre preftes uppon reckoninge; and 
he alfo payeth to the countries, in the county ng-houfc, for all dewe provifyons towchyng 
the expenfes of houfliold, with the prcfence and recorde of the clerkes there, after the noble 
Edwarde's ftatutes; and he to dyfcharge the Thefaurere of and for all fuche fummes as thys 
cofferer receivyth by the feyd indentures. Alfo he takyth accompt of ^he r.eceytes and 
paymentes made by the clerkes of grene clothe; alfo of every other accomptanr, and rheyre 
partycular accomptes in houfhold, bothe inward and outward, for the feyde Thefaurers 
partie dayly, monethly and yerely. Alfo he payeth fees, wages, and rewardcs ; and for all 
other nectffaries bought for the houfholde and allowed in the countynghoufe : all the 
whyche purveyaunces, expenfes, and paymentes, he, with the clerkes of grene clothe, and 
the fecondary of countrollement, engrolTe in the grcte accompt of the hole houfliold. 
Thys ys a greate ollyccr and key-berer of thys noble courte; and he alfo to ete in the halle, 
countyng-houfe, or in any other offycc, aftyr hys bufynelTe doth require, gevyng goode 
example. He hathe alfo ctyng in the hulle, one under clerke contynually to wryte hys 
refceytes and payments, to prove the journal], to joyne doggctrcs, to make the menlall, and 
many othyr wryiingcs for the Thefaurere his accompt, and thinges nedetui, towchyng to the 
countyng-houfe; takyng rewarde and cloathing by dyfcrefTydn and allowance yerely, by 
petition of the foverayaes at the grene-clothe, more or leile, attyr hys connyng, trouthe, 
and dylygencc. Thys clerke takyth none othe at the countyng bourd as an offycer, but 
as a conduyte. Alfo for the cofferer his chambre, or for brekcfaft when he woll, and lyverc-y 
for all day and nighr, to geve enfaumple to othyr men to be under a rule; he takythe 
iiii loves, ii meffes of grete mete, dim' pycher wyne, iii gallons ale; he loggyth in the 
countyng-houfe, with fulTyciaunte of woode, cooles, litter, rufshcs, nedefull; and for hys 
nyght lyverey, in wynter feafon, one to'rchc, one percher, two candylles wax, three can- 
dylis peris'; and hys other refonable commaundmentes in courte, after the Steward, The- 
faurere, and Countroller; and for hys dayly wages prefent in court, by the chekker rolle, 
viicl. oti. ; and for hys robys, wynter and fomer, with the houfliold, in clothe or money, 
viii marcs ; and for hys napery, at the iiii ftftes yerely, in lynyn clothe of the fpycery, or 
elles by byll in money, xiit. xvict ; and hys fervyce in halle, lyke a grete baron, landing 
fales and hys fpones ; and if he be oute ot courte in bufynelTe for the houfhold, then for 
hys wages outward in the countyng-houfe dayly, vis. viiid.; alfo a rewarde. And he alfo 
partyth with fnche geftes that flial be gevyn to the houfeholde, beyng prefent in the tyme 
of getts, or elles then beinge of recorde in labourynge for houlhold. Alfo he hathe into 
thys courte tv/o fervauntes -, the thirde kepyth flylle hys chaumbre and hnrneys in courte, 
and makyth hys lyverey for his horfes in the towne or countrey ; whyche fervaunt, in 
abfence of the cofferer, etyth in the halle, at the chamberlaynes bourde. I he cofferer hath 
carryage of hys barneys, with ifuffe of countyng-houfe in the charryjt longing to that office, 
fpecially ordeyned for the carryage of money and bookes, He. The cofferer hathe (uf- 
fycyaunt logging of the herberger, in the towne, or nyghe courte in the countrey. The 
honour of thys courte ys to make trewe, opyn, and hoole paymentes, for the Kinge in the 
countyng-houfe. 

CLERKYS OF GRENE-CLOTHE, tweyne ; whyche, after the flatutes of mhle 
Edward, were called " Clerkes du table de la Count, fuiliciaunts pur faire routes chofes 
" touchauntes le graunt garJerobe, et la Count de ceel." — In all jugementes or felfions, to be 
done or made by any eflate within thys houfholde, at the grene-clothe, thefe clerkes, and the 
cbyef clerke countroller, owe to fute thereat, with the judges, as audytoures and councel- 

loures. 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 6i 

loures, to helpe kepe in courfe the ftatutes, and the formall order of houniolde, according 

10 lyke adtes edyfyed before-tymc ; ahb under the Stewarde, Theforer, Countroller, and 

next after the Cofferer, theis two clerkes have power commytted unto them, concernyng 

all tlie rules and guydyng of thys houfhold, as at the ordynaunce taking, to knowe and to 

modyr them howe the Kinge and hys houfholde fhall fare, and the proportions of ail by a 

clere undyrftandinge ; alfo at the accomptes in many appofylys, and alfo uppon many 

corre<5iions ; and they to be prove, with the countrollement, of alle allowaunces, how they be 

afited and gevyn, remitcyng the verrie grete and defufe matters unto the connynge of the 

hygber foveraignes, as they thinkc accordyng: and for that the offycers fliall not oftyn- 

tymes trouble for every motion the feyde foreraygnes above, in fmalle accuftumed and coti- 

dyan thinges and queftions, it ys gevyn to thefe clerkes at the countyng-bourde, to make 

awnfwere, and to determine uppon many caufes and correflions. They have aljo com- 

maundmentes uppon officers, for many matters nccelTary to be done in houfholde by theyre 

Qverlyghr, wyfedom, and counfayles. The booked of this hoiife be under theyre power 

for every partyculer matter and grofe. Them owght among to helpe fee the Kinge and 

foveraynes fervede, and fo to be privie and knowing of the lad demeanyng of all. Thejr 

etyn in the hall with a perfon of like fervyce, or elles with fome ftraunger of vvurlhip, to 

fute with them; and yf theyre bufyneffe require, to have theyre brckefaft, metes, or fou- 

pers refonable, into the countyng-houfe ; alio for theyre chambre, day and nyght, everyche 

of them iii loves, ii melfes of grete mete, dim' pycher wyne, ii gallons ale, and everyche of 

them, for wynter lyverey from AU-hallowentyde t)ll Eftyr, one tortayes, ii candylles wax, 

iii candylles peris', one talwood dim' rufshes and litter all the yere of the fergeaunt 

ufsher of hall, and carryage of theyre barneys with the countyng-houfe; and dayly prefcnt 

in courte everyche by the chekker-rolle, viiCl. ot). and cloathing with the houfholde wynter 

ii id fo:n:r, or xlvis, viiid. and at the fower feftes of the yere pryncypall, eche of them 

tn.keche of the grete fpycery, a njperon of lynyn-clothe of two elles, price of one elle xviiid. 

and eche ot them, for dieyre wages oute of courte, in bufuielTe or fuces for the houlholdc 

da\'ly, iiis. iiiid". and a rewarde. Alio, they part with the generall gyftcs with the houf- 

holtle, beyng prefent when ic is geven, or elles by recorde fent oute in errandes of the 

houOioId. Alfo they have overfyght for the Thefaurers partie in every office, bothe of the 

feife (lutfe, and the miniflration, how -it paffith, as ofccn as them feme nedefull to be feen 

and appofed of every chin^^ei and to take the reiiianentes with the clerk countroller often, 

to knovve the eflate of houfholde, by fiche vyevves, whethyr the allowaunces pafTethe the 

charges or not. Alio ihey help oppofe truly and monethly all the parcelles of provifions, 

to helpe to examine and prove the journal; to helpe to call the memorande; helpe tytle and 

eiigrolfe the under; helpe joyne the dyettcs; helpe make the menfale and the booke of 

houle remanentes }erely of every offyce furely and truly; and thys to helpe redy to 

the 'J'hefaurers accompte, and, with the Coffyrer, to helpe oppofe all the partycular 

acco;nptes of offycers of thys houlhold, and to call uppon and for the credytoures of the 

yeies end. Alfo ro yelde theyre ovvne accomptes, or vyewes of theyre receytes and pay- 

mentes, clerely to the feyde coffvrer. Alfo it hathe byn accuflomede muche, for the leffe 

charge, that one of the clerkes delyver the clothinge of houfhold; and, at every Mighelraas 

terme, to lyde with other offycers, to alle the King's homes and Ibjournes, to take alle 

uiche remanentes, groweing to any charge by purveyaunces, or other to the Thelaurer his 

office of thys courte. L'.veryche of theefe clerkes have permitted ii honefl fervauntes into 

thys courte •, the remanent, with theyre horfes, at theyre logging, fuffycyaunt nyghe to the 

courte, as fuche offycers fervyfjbles and attenders, muft alwey be redy to help dyre^ 

the hole courte, and to helpe awiifwere the people of the countrey, Theyre fervyfe 

I 2 IH 



6z LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 

in thys courte, and the cliyef cicrke countroller is taken as petty bjrouns. The clerkes oF 
grenc-cloihe be not exempt from any overl} g'lt of conirolment in none office of lioudiolde, 
for rbcyre doing is the Thefaurers doyng piincypatl, 

CLERKE OF C0NTR0ULi\4ENT, after the ftatutes of noble Edward, the Clerkes 
of grene-clothe, and he girount enfemble in le garderobe ; hys charge ys to fee to all man- 
ner of purvcyaunces, grete aud linalle, longyng to the Ihelaurere of houTnold hys charg'.', 
as for weyghte of brcJe, wax, weekc, all manner fpyces, fylver vellell, pewter, tyn, copp) r, 
braffe, lede, iron, and of deiyverauncesof mefure of napery, and all othyr lynnyn cloth of 
the full content; mefures of tonnes, fattes, buttes, pii^'cs, hogges, rundelettes, bardies, to the 
lowed mcfure of pottes, of all wynes, and all othyr manner of veiTcIles and drinkes, or bot- 
telles vergys, &c. Bufshelles, half bufshelles, pecks, and fuche othyr neceflTary for thys 
houfchold, lyke as a Clerk Countroller owcth to execute and oppole to the Clerk of 
Market in thys court. Alfo of all othyr manner of ftufT purveyed for the houfeholde, as 
it is wurthe, hym ovvyth to rccorde, and tedyfye at the countyng-bourde before the 
Steward and Thefliurere. Thys Clerk alfo owcth to be at the coup.ige of fleyflie, fpec) ally 
with the Clerk of kychyn in the grete larder, as it requiryth nyghtly to knowe the pro- 
portion of beef and moton for the expences of the next day, and to fee the fees thereo-f, 
to be juftly fmytten by the yoman cooke. Alfo at the breking^ up of the panyers of fyfsh, 
and the departing thereof for the Kinge's chambre and hall, and houflaoldes dew, and 
neceflary lyverys outward; and thereof to kepe fuche remernbraunce, that nothinge elJes 
after be afked by the accomptauntes, but as was truly, neceifarily, and wurlhipfully dyf- 
pended for the King, the fame overfight that the Countroller hymfelf oweth to have of all 
manner achates, prifes, allowaunces, dyfabwauncCi, and the conveyaunces ; the fame in 
lyke owght thys chyef Clerk to have in every offyce in houiliold, and to do thys grcate bufy 
dylygence, to efpye and to lette the wafters, ravenners, and mifcarryers, of the Kinge's 
goodes, agaynft the ordynaunces of thys courte, and fuche perfons to opyn and declare, 
aiid to help punyfhe in the countyng-houfe. Alfo he countrollyihe the Thefaurers refceytes 
and paymentes, and that to entyr in a journall of countrolmear. Alfo the dayly dyettes of 
houfhoid, fo that no doggettes aftyrvvarde be brokyn but by the aflent of bjthe partye^. 
Alfo he makyth the booke of remanentes, and the bookc of wyne, truly and duly to l)e 
entendyd upon of every venit, quo die a quo locOy in quern locum ; and thefe to be rcdy 
whenfoever they be called aftyr in the conntyng-houfc. Hys othe ys much after the coun- 
troller's charge. It befeemeche thys Clerk ollycer, that (liall teflyfye all prifes and ai- 
lowaunces with the Clerkes of grene-clothe, to be provable, rcfonable in ii)'s difcrelfyon, 
of good confcyens, and in all matters betwext the Kinge's courte and other partyes, to 
be upryght and indifferent. Alfo he doth overfee, with the cierke of kychyn in the \\C\- 
niflrations of the meffes, and other fervyfes into the Kinge's hall and chambres, to help 
fee with the Awmoner, that it be accorcfmg of largeffe; and elles to be ftryckyn more or 
leffe after the eflates and degrees; and f;r the Kinge's worlliip done, require and {o to help 
amend it. Thys clerk ys, in every duetie and fervyce of tliys courte, lyke to the clerkes 
of grene-clothe, except that he makj-th noe paymentes. All fuche hemeys of mennys as 
fhail be carryed at the Kinge's cofte, that it pafle nut hys owne competent clothvs, and 
yett that to be after the eftate that they be of, and according to fuche other degrees; 
and allwcy to be overfeen by thcefe CouniroUers ; and yf any pafie fuche appoyntment, 
then he to be modyfyed by this Countroller. This Clerk owght to have a bookc of 
Reraembraunces of all manner pourveyaunces of beefe and motons, by whom it ys brought 
yn, and from whenfe, that the paiUire and fngaiions take trewe allowance ; and for the 
'delyvcraunces of napery; alfo of all other veflelles of wyne or ale dampned or geven to 
4 any 



I. I B E R NIGER D O M U S R E G I S E D W. IV. 63 

any almene; and of muche other fmalle thinges, that when the petytions fome yn at the 
yeres enJ, it may clerely be underflooJ and recorded by thys oriycc. Alto, one under- 
clerk; or, if it be thought ncdefu!, by the avyfe of Steward, Thefaurere, CountroUcr, ;ind 
other, to make one more, they to wr}'te and make redy all the bookes towchinge the office 
of Cotintrolment, and the accompt of the fame; and to entyr dayly tlie provyfyons of beefs, 
motons, and other achates, Co that the fergeauntes accountaunts ihall not have allowaunces 
of none hyglier prifes than they bringe in by the furft record. Alio to enter dayly, with die 
Clerkes of kychyn, all manner vytaylc and ftufTc that cumyth in to be dyfpendcd, and to 
be at the partytious thereof, and to tcftyfj'c it at the accomptes, and that remaynythe in 
the lardre, fo that there be no double allowance aiked ; thys to do in the abfence of the 
chyef Clerk, or by hys afilgnement. Thys under clerk ere in the hall, not fcrved with 
trenchers, but as fquyers, takinge for one lyverey at nyght every dim' gdlon ale, one 
canJyd paris', dimid' tallwood, lytter and ruf^hes for his pavlette, of the feigemnt ufsher ; 
and for the revvardc-s of fuche one, by the dyfcrellyon of Steward, 'Idielaufvr, Countrulhr, 
at the yerys end, by petytion, after hys defert, ten marcs, or under, and cLthitig with the 
houfehold, wynter and fomer, as the houfliold hath playn at the termes of Cryltni.iffe and 
Wnytfoniyde, or elles for all xxs and carryage for hys bedde togvder; and at ever\che 
of the iiii feftes princypalles, of the olfyce of fpycery, two elles of lynnyn cloth, price the 
elle xiid. and part of the yeftes generall, if he be prefent. Thys under clerk ys ac' 
compted for one yoman and one groome, in hys degre in thys courte ; and he is permytted 
to have one honeft chyld into thys courte, but no lyverey of kychyn, but if the Kinge 
devyde orten tymes hys houfliold into three partes ; elles here nedyth but one under clerk. 
Alfo one of thefe clerkes dayly, to be at the weyghtes of wax in the chaundrey, to fee the 
infra and extra, and the expenduntur ; and thys alfo to recorde at the accomptes ; alfo as 
oftyn as the Kinge or hys houihold removyth from any place, to fee and wryte if there leve 
any remanentes in otfyces ; as of \yhete, brede, wync, ale, wood, cooles, or other thinges, 
of any charge ; and that to eniyr in theire memoranda truly, in whoofe kecpinge it ys 
left, or how oiherwife difpofed it ys. The chyef or the fecondary clerk, oweth to be at the 
receyte of any fluffc, or other goodes, purveyede and brought in for houfliold into any 
oJyce; and to fee the enirie thereof, and the minillration dayly, or as often as he may. 

DOMUS COMPOTIS CONSILII ET jUDICII, called alfo by the noble Ed^vard 
the Thyrde, " le graunt gardcrobe du luiilyel du Roy," whyche the worfliip and welfare 
of the hoole houlhold is purpo:ed, in whyche the corrcftions and jugementes begevyn; 
in whome ys taken the audyte of all thinges of thys courte, beyng of the Thcfaureres charge, 
as princypall hedde of all other offices, in whom every ottycer of houfliold takytli hys 
charge on hys knee, promittjng trouthe and obedyence to ilie King, and to the rules 
of thys offyce ; for at the greue-cloihe ys alwey reprefented the Kinges power touch- 
ing matters of thys houfliold. Thys oflyce berydi arme?, for a chyef grounde and defence 
unto ail other offyces, a felde of grene, a key, and a rodde of fylver, ihuhre ; fygnyfying, 
that thys o9yce may clofe, opyn, and punyflie other offyces, beryng merkes from hence. 
Alfo it ys Ihewyd, by bookes of Kinges houfes, that the grete courtes of Englond tooke 
theyre or)'gynal!es in thys olTyce, be chyef, the Steward, Theiaurer, CountroUer, and auyr- 
wards the Cofferer; and fo in theyre abfence the two clerkes of grene-clothe, and the 
chyef clerke of countrollnient, to oppofe and determyne all charges and dilcharges of pro- 
vyfyons and expenfys rniniftred in thys houfliold ; and alfo by the fame, they have power 
upon many c:or regions in abfence of the abovefayd foveraynes. Thys offyce of counting- 
houfe takvih all tymes, at hys commaundmentes, breade, v/yne, ale, mete, wood, cooles, 
caudylles, litter, rufshes, as it ihall nede, m-ore or leffe, by and for fuche as kepe the 

fefiyons 



64 LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

fellyotis for the tyinc at the grenc-cloth ; and in thys offyce is the receyte of all the golde and 
fylver, as well ot coigiied Tylvcr as of plate, for every offyce in thys houQiold his charge, 
cxcepte the jewel-houfe. And the delyveraunce of all fiiche plate longyth to thys offyce, 
betwixt the Thefaurer, and every other partycular ofFyc-er, by indentures to be left in 
thys offyce ; and yercly fo to call the plate hyder, to prove the wafte, and to know if any 
lacke thereof, than to fette along thereof in the Thefaurcrs accompt into the Efcheker. 
Thys couutyng houfe is never voycie of one overfeer, whyche Hull charge and dyfcharge 
all other acconiptauntes of the courte by recorde. 

THYS OFFYCE OF COUNTYNG HOUSE hnth in hym a fergeaunt ufsher, to 
kepe the door, to kepe the trefour, to kepe the bockes, and attend dylyaenriy upon thys 
offyce, and all the ftuffc within fourth, as he fliall awnfwere to, for fuche thinges as fhal be , 
leydc in hys keping and charge, fo that it be not loft in hys defaute. Alfo a part of 
hys othe ys, to kepe the connfaylle of thys howfe ; alfo that he make herbygage, by the 
affignement of the chyef herberger, for all the officers and clerkes of the countyng-houfe, 
and to be attendaunt unto theyre commaundmentes, for the Kinge and the executions of 
thys offyce-, and, after the ftatutes of Edward the Thirde, he fliould ferte theyre althyr 
lyverey nyghtly, and for the ofTyce alfo; and he (liould lodge within thys offyce next to the 
doore. All the Sergeauntes of thys courte owe fpecially to .were theyre ray hoodes furred 
with whyte lambe, and a coyfe of fylk, whyte, at the four fedes of the ycre. By the ' 
ordynaunce of Henry the Furft, thys fergeaunt fhould not be lettered for many caufes; he 
fhall cte in the hall with othyr fergeauntes-, and for hys lyverey at nyght one gallon ale; 
and for wynter lyverey, froni All-hallowentyde tyll Eftyr, one candyll wax, one candyll 
peris', one tallwood ; and for wages in the chekker rollc, whyks he is prefent in courte, 
dayly iiiid. ob. or elles by the dyfcrefn>)n of the Sovereynes; and after his denieryte, viid-ob. 
and for hys clothing wynter and foiner, with o'ther fergeaunts, or dies in money xls. and 
at every of the fower feftes prinQipall of the ycre, two clies of lynyn clothe of the grete 
fpycery for naperons, price the elle xiict. and part alfo ot the generall gyftes ycven to thys 
houfhold; and carryage for his competent bedde with the countyng-houfe; and if he be 
lette bloode, or othyrwyfe fycke for a feafon, to have dayly one cafte of bred, one meffe of 
greete mete, a melTe of rofte, one gallon ale, befydes hys lyverey. And yf he be fenc oute 
of courte for matters of thys offyce, or of houlhold, he takythe dayly xiid. by petytion. 
He hath into thys courte one honeft fcrvaunt ; hys dewtie ys alfo to calle after the recordes 
of the Kinge's chamber, Queeny's, Prince's, and all other the recordes, any thinge at the 
accomptes, and faufely to kepe them, and fo warne fuche othyr offycers as be here under 
hym for the Kinge's. One yoman alfo In. thys offyce called Meffager of the countyng- 
houfe, etyng in the hall ; he (hold be redy horfed and lodged nyghe, to ferve fuche 
crraundes as the countyng-houfe woll fend hym on, takynge for hys wages dayly, being pre- 
fent in courte in the chekker rolle, iiid. and for bouche oute of courte in melliige iid". more 
dayly; and for hys clothinge wynter and fomcr, one marc; and for hys chaunces iiiis. viiid. 
and at every of the four feftes princypall of the yere, one elle of lynnyn clothe for 
naperons, price the elle viiid, and part of the generall gyttes of houfliold: he helpythe and 
alFyftethe the Sergeaunt; and to be redy at the commaundmentes of them that kepe the 
feffions at the grene cloth for the Kinge, and execution of thys office ; and betwext hym and 
the groome here, they have into thys courte one honeft fervaunt. One groorae alfo in 
thys offyce, dylygeat in attendaunce uppon thys off'yce under the fergeaunt, and to the 
com.maundmentes of the clerkes at the countyng-bourde, keping the fecictys of thys houfe 
and office, and the dore; and to fewe and help make the bookes of thys offyce, and truely 
and clenely to kepe them; and alfo the trefoure of gold and fylver io thys offyce, and all 

other 



LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 65 

other flulTe longing thereto; and to fee alle fuche barneys be faufely trufifed and attended 
uppon, and to remembre what fervyce and lyvereys come into thys countyng-houfe, yf 
he be called to record dayly ; hys part is to kepe dene the countyng-bourde and the office. 
He takythc hys mete and foupsr into thys offyce, for all day two loves, two meffe oF grete 
mete, one gallon ale; and for hys reward of houlhold quarterly in the countyng-houfe, 
xUl. and clothing yerely, or elles vis. viiid'. and his parte of the grete reward that the King 
t'^evythe yerely ainong?s the groomes and pages of houfliold ; and at the fower feftes prin- 
cipal! of the grete fpycery every tyme, one elle for naperons of lynyn clothe, price vid". and 
carryage of hys competent bedding with the countyng-houfe. One page in thys offyce. In 
the noble Edvvarde's dayes, p;:ges were none officers, as it ys before feyd ; but fyne that 
tyme, lergeaunis have be fuiiVed to drawe furth to cunnyng, and permitted to chofe 
and fuffer fuche yonge apt perfones to lerne to ferve and to help the yomen and groomes 
to fette lyverys amonge, and to beare wood, coole, and truffe barneys, and to wayte uppon 
the carryages of offyces. And bycaufe they meddyll among with the Kinge's fluffe, every 
Jergeaunc in hys cfTyce, by lycence of the countyng-houfe, gevyth them theyre charge. 
A p ige etythe in hys offyce, or with hys next fellow, not in the halle at noe place, taking 
daylv one lofe, one meffe of grete mete, dimid' gallon ale, one reward quarterly in the 
couQt)n2;-houfe, xxd. clochirig when the houfhold \\z.x.he, in pretio vcjlitre^ at every of the 
fower f(.ftes, one napron of one elle, price vid'. and parte of the Kinge's grete rewardes^ 
yerely geven amoiges them in houfliold, groomes and pages of the Kinge's privy coffyrs. 
In every partition in thys courte, two pages make awnf.vere to one groome, two groomes 
to one yoman, two yomen to a gentylman, of viid. ob. wages in courte. Thys countyng- 
houfe hathe afligned hym one charyotte complete, and a fompter-horfe for the grene coffyrs, 
all thoroughly to be founden by the King in the charge of houfhold. The porters of 
the gate have, by cuilume, in thys charyotte, a payrc of fmall flockcs carryed for tref- 
pallours. 

ITEM, THE KYNG confermythe to thys office of countyng-hnu'e, all the aftcs of Kyng 
Herry the Furft, after the conquell: ; and the adtes of houlholde of noble EJward the 
Thirde-, and by thys newe au^torytie, and of his hygh propyr power, chargythe thys off\xe 
and officers, to kepe and execute theyre ordynaunces for the eilate of thys houlhold royal!, 
as the foveraynes do and fliall appoynt by the Kinge's counfayle, and as it ys after 
wrytten. 

FYRST, the Steward and Thefaurere, or one of them, ys bounden by vcrtue of offyce 
to be in the countyng-houfe at the audite of the dayly accompces and diette of houfholde. 
And by the flatiites of noble Edward the Thirde, in cafe the accomptes paffe, for lacke of 
appearance of one of them, three days unaccorapted, that then the Steward and Thefaurcr 
fhall acquyte the coftages of the Kinge's houfhold, for one day, of theyre propyr purfts; 
and in fcmblable wife, if the fergeauntes and raaftyr clerkes accomptantes be not redy dayiy to 
fhewe theyre expenfes, they Ihall bere the charges; and if the King, or his houlhoid, 
travayle by the countrey, than at the ferthefl aftyr three dayes palt, yet thefe foveraynes 
to take accompt of all at theyre reftyng places by the wey, uppon payne to them to pay for 
half the expenfes of the Kinge's journey. The King nowe hathe enlarged thys, for it 
fhould not hiyle by a pleyne power committed to the Countroller, Cofferer, rv;o clerkes of 
grene-clothe, and Gierke Countroller, or by any of theym, as the Steward and Thefaures 
excufers and attorneys, that any of theym may take it in ab fence of the gretter and elder'; 
and in lyke wyfe to kepe the dayly ordinaunces for pcryle of levyng it undone, whych 
'J n7ouij;!=c 



'O' 



66 LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

mought growe to the offycers a breache of they re due fourme, and a fettyng a fyde fure 
dyrediion and order of the Kinge's houfc. 

ITEM, That the Sergeauntes and Clerkes ofTycers, with flll other accomptauntes of houfe- 
holde prcfent in counc dayly, appere before the Steward, Thefjurere, Counrroller, Cofferer, 
and theyre lyeutenauntes at the grene-cloth, to aunfwere to fuche appofyles as Ihal be leyde 
unto th.eym there for the Kinge. 

ITEM, That the clerkes ollycers bryng in theyre parcelles of ponrveyaunces indented into 
the countyng houfe at every moneches end, uppon the paynes of ho.ifliold; at every of whiche 
dclyvcraunces the fergeaunts fliould fwere. that all fuche parcelles as they fo prefent be 
good and true, uppon a booke, at the grene-clothe. 

ITEM, That all the miniflres foreynes make theyre vicwes of accomptes quarterly, with- 
oute any txcufation. 

HEM, That every fergeaunt and mailler of offyce kepe good and fadde rule within 
theyre olTyces, and no ryotte, nor to fufFer theyre o.vne L-rvauntcs muche converfaunt within, 
whyles the Kinge fpecially flial be alTervinge ; nothyr to kepe any houndes in offices ; 
nothyr dayly ftraungers; nothyr to kepe furettes within thys houfliold, to geve any fervaunt 
cccafion to furett or hunt any mannys warreynes, chafes, nor parkes, vvithoute leve of the 
owner, or of hys deputie fufTycyaunt. 

Item, The ftatutcs of Edward the Noble wold, that i^ any fergeaunt, or other acccmp- 
taunt, duello in arerages, he to be fent into the ward ot Marchalcye. 

ITEM, That none ertate, hygh nor lowe degree, kepe wlihin thys courte more perfoncs 
than be herein to hym appoynted, uppon the payne of houfhokl. 

ITEM, That none officer, nor knyghte, nor efquire charged, depart from thys courte 
any tyme without hys dewe lycence, in houfhold or in chambre; as by the Steward, The- 
faurer, Chamberlayne, or CountroUer, or of other that rule in the countyng-houfe in theyre 
ablence ; and that the chambre decons voyde with theyre maillyrs, fauve fuche as are 
affigned here to abyde. 

ITEM, That the rafcals and hangers upon thys courte be foug'u oute and avoydcd from 
everv offyce raonethly. 

ITEM, That no manner of perfon bere oute at the gate mete nor drinke, torche, wood, 
coole, or othyr vytayle, but fuche as are commaunded lyveres f;ir hole men or lycke, except 
the awmoners; but that it be underllond in the counr\ng-houfe, for the Kinge's worflnp, or 
that the Ulshers of Chambre, uppon thevre own charge, fend or lend ouie any fuche ftulTe 
for wnrihipfull (Iraungers in tyme of nede. 

ITEM, That no lyverey be made oute from none ofiice, wynter nor fomer, after feaveu 
in the evenyng. 

ITEM, That no Sergeaunt of houfhold make pourveyaunce but by commiflion, nor to be 
a merchaunt of any fucne ibulfe as apperteynyth to thys offyce. 

ITEM, That every clerke of office make tru!v debentnres of everv ductie, as it fnal i-^e 
allowed to the counr.rey withoute delayes, or any fee taking theretore ; that the people 
grutche not agaynft the King'='. 

ITEM, I'hat none other perfon make fuche debentures or bylles but the clerkes of the 
fv.lf offyce, fo that theyre wryting and hand may be certaynly knowne to them that pay in 
the countyng-houfe; and that no clerke countyrfete othyrs hand. 

ITEM, That there be dewe examinations made weekely by the countyng-houfe, for all 
fuche matters ; and of the wayting offycers, and of fuche as woll not execute worlhip, c-n- 

nyng 



LIBER NIGER D O M U S R E G I S E D W. IV. 67 




ITEM, That the Juftices foverayncs of thys courte royall, kepe ferme the peace in it nnd 
aboute it, that no fyghting, nor occafion thci-eof, be fuffred, by the whyche any bloodftied- 
ding mighte fall, or any other perturbaunce ellcs, fo iiyghe to the hyghe prefence, and thys 
famous houlhold ; nother for feere, nother for love of no party, but dewe punitions be had. 
Seneca, " Minor eft quam fervus dominus qui fervos timet :'* and alfo Bernardus, 
**' Famulum alti cordis repelle ut inimicum." If it be uppon life and lymmc, the Steward 
bathe hys foverayntie foole within thys houfe ; and elles for other affrayes, the Thefaurer, 
Countroller, Cofferer, echc in abfence of other, may puniflie after the quantitie of offences; 
and alfo dyfpence therewithe, in nede and abfence of theyre above. 

ITEM, if any wronges be done to the Kinge's officers, or fervauntcs of houfliold, by any 
deede malycyous, for executing of his commiffion, olTyce, or fervyce, or yet for malycc toward 
hymfelfe, by any other foreyner, it fhall pleafethe foveraynes to fend for both parties, though 
that other party be of the Queene's houfe. Prince's houfe, or Chaunfeler's houfe, or of the 
Chyefjuftices houfe, or fervauntes of the King's Benche, or Common Place, or any other 
lordes fervaunt in Englond, to appere in thys countyng-houfe, and here to appeafc fuche 
debates after the difcreflyon of theefe foveraynes of thys moft hygh courte tcmporall. 

ITEM, That every purveyour bring into thys countyng-houfe, at every half yere's end, 
his lettres of commiffion, with the feale, there to be feene and new alligned with a ncwc 
fuperfcription by the Thefaurer of houlhold under hys fealc, enclofed and direfted to the 
clerk of crowne to be removed. 

ITEM, If any offycer or minifler longing to this courte be noyied, or by fufpe^lion, 
be a theefe or outrageous royatour, in muche hauntyng fclaundcrous places, corapanyes, 
and other ; then he to be reherfed hereof afore the Soveraynes, and to be fent by the 
Stewarde's power to the Marchalcye Prifon, there to abyde untyll he be declared, and as 
the lawe wolle avvarde. 

ITEM, If any offycer of this noble houfhold be knowen for a comrayn dayly drunkyn 
man, that then it be claryfyed and charged by the fitters at the countyng-bourd, that he 
bere no keyes, nor minifter noe fluffe of the Kinge's, tyll hys condudbons be refourmed, 
*' Ebrietas toUit intelleiftum et oculos devorat." 

ITEM, It is here ena(!\ed by the Kinge, that every man of this courte, whyche fliali 
drawe furthe any fervaunt in ir, that fuche yonge fervaunt be commyn of clene bloode, 
goode of condytions, vertuoufe, and of perfon lykcly; that if it fortune theym to groA'c 
to the Kinge's fervice, the worfliipp of the courte continue by fuche chofen people. 

ITEM, That no man of this houfehold fupport in none office any maide, man, or chyld, 
under colour of wrong done to any other men, as keping prentices, renncrs about, pykers, 
malefatftours of outward people or inward, but fuche as may be the Kinge's unchanged 
officers, uppon the payne of houfliold. 

ITEM, In this countyng-houfe may be taken the bonds of reconyfaunce of any party ; 
and if it be broken aftyrwards, the Soveraynes here may fend it with the teftibus under 
theyre feales into the Chauncerie, and there the party greved may have the proceffe of lawe 
as thoughe the verie dede had bene made in the Chauncerie i thys cudome bath byn of 
olde and newe. 

K ITEM, 



6S LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS E D W. IV. 

ITEM, That no manner man 'of hygh or low degree, longing to this houfhold, prefume 
by any coloure to hawke, huntc. or to tyihe, in any mannes chafe, parke, warreyn, or other 
feverall grounde, in his pondes and vvatyrs, by lycence of the owners thereof, or they re de- 
puties, but by commifiion, for the Kinge's difshe ones or twyes in the ycre at the moft, by his 
prerogative, but yf the parties fo gieved and wronged, complayn to the Soveraynes for fuche 
abufion, the ofFeudcrs by theyrc difcreflions-, to make amendes, for every fliylling fourty pence% 

ITEM, The King3 woll and chargethe, that the flatutes of olde and new rules, a61es, 
cuftomes, and coniraaundments, nowe made and edyfyed for this courte, to ftand liable, 
and to be kepte and obfcrved upon every man belonginge to this houfhold officer and minifier, 
upon thefc paynes as here be reherfed : Firft, uppon warning in feyre manner at the coun- 
lyng-bourd opynly : The fecond, upon lofing of his wages for one moneih : The third, 
in peyn of prifonraenc for a moneth : The fourth, to be put oute of courte, and to forfwerc 
the comyng into ir, or to come nyghe thys courte wetyngly purpofed for ever; his name of 
reproche alwey to be in the memorande of thys countyng-houfe yerely, tyll thys mynde of 
hym be pad oute. The olde charge was, that he {hulde fvvere never to come within vii 
myles to this courte, but alwey to voyde the Kinge's commyng, or his houftiold. 

ITEM, That iTo fergeaunt, yoman, nor groome, officer, pourveyoure, nor other, furfl as 
officers of bakehoufe, Ihall not kepe commyn bakehoufe for fale bread ; nor none of 
the feller to kepe commyn taverns to fale wyne; nor butlers of ale to be commyn brewers; 
nor none of the eatery to be commyn merchauntes to fale beeffes, motons, nor graGers, but 
for the Kinge ; nor none officer of houfliold to be any commyn merchaunt of fuche ftuffe as 
he handylleth of the Kinge within this courte ; but by lycence of the countyng-houfe, upon 
the peyn of ftatutes of this houfhold. 

ITEM, The Kinge*s vertuous difpofition remembreth a text, *' Vir multum jurans rc- 
'* plebitur miqutiate, &c." And he chargyth in hys houfe his Marchalles of the halle, that of 
what eflate foever he be, under the eftate of a baroune, ufyng to fwere cuftomably by Goddes 
body, or by any of his other parties unreverently, and they can record ir, that they charge 
the Butler to geve him no wyne at the meles; and if the Butler do, to lofe his wages in the 
counting-houfe, by record of the Marchalles, Sec. There was a lyke motion to be made for 
the cufloraable word of hourfen. 

OFFICE OF BAKEHOUSE haihe a SergeauRt, whiche appoynteth the Kinge's garners 
in diverfe countries, where the pourveyaunces of whete (hal be made, by the advyfe of the 
pourveyours upon theyre commiffions, nygh to the Kinge's homes and fojournes, to fpare 
carryages ; and there to receive juftly and indifferently by a bufshell fealed ; and he to de« 
lyver the Kinge by lyke meafure, uppon the payn of houfhold : remembring alvveys, that 
the King is intytled, by old cuftome in Englond, to be awnfv^ered of every xx quarters of 
whete fo pourveyed for thys houffiold, to have one quarter of encres of the meafure uppon 
the fergeauntes accompt, whyche he may well aunfwere, and more by help of every quarter; 
and that noe feller, nor conflable, be compelled to lede or carrye hys wheete, foe pourveyed 
for this houffiold, towards the Kinges garner or ftorehoufe, at his proper cofte and charge 
over paffing x miles, but that the party be payed for the overplus of the myles. Alfo the 
King giveth noe tolle at any myile, but gevyth money for every quarter grlndinge ; and 
carryage, after the diftaunce of every rayle to the bake-houfe, in all iiid. It were better 
the myller ro tolle and make carryage, &c. Another cuftome to make of a bufshell of 
fiower 30 loves by a commyn boulter^ thorowe all the houfe, everye loafe weying — and 

fip 
2 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS E DW. IV, 6% 

no blacke brede but for trenchours or houndes, and thereof every quarter then fliall anr^f- 
werc ii bufshells branne. To make proportion for the expenfts of this houfliold for im 
hoole yere, it may be efteemed aftyr v quarter, one day with another, at the lai-gefl, 
amounting by the yere to 1S25 quarters, every bufbhell to yeild, one yere with another, 
beyng in fome yeres, or in fundrye countreys, thynne wheete, or thycke huflied, or bettyr 
and heavyer of yelde, forne tyme whiter flower or browner, or in fome places cutte or it be 
rype : this hathe bene proved by many olde yeres hufbandes, and yett myght there be 
made alweyes of a bufshell xxix loves, after the olde vveyghtes, but for the more parte than 
it ys to browne ; and therefore now of long tyme continued it hath bene accuftomed, and 
bene put into a more certayntie, and not to boult it foe fore uppon the gurgeones of 
branne, determined and affented to. The fergeaunt of thys office to make continually of 
every bufshell halfe chiete halfe rounde, befydes the flowre for the Kinge's mouthe, xxvii 
loves ; every one weying, after one daye olde, xxiii ounces of troye weyghtes : whyche breade 
Ihalle thus honeflly enough ferve this honorable hondiolde. Memorand*, that the other 
twene loves be called under the name of Hogman, vvhiche mought be made according to fer- 
vice ne were the adventure of diftaynynge of all that other part. Thefe twey loves grownde 
into branne, woll be of every bufshell ii loves into branne, of every quarter xvi loves j and 
foe up to every hundred quarters of wheate thus difpended in houfliolde; the Sergeaunt is 
charged to awnfwere the King therefore viii bufshells bran, and that to be delyvcred for th* 
Khige's horfes, by taylles betwyxt the Avener and hym ; and every quarter of this bran fo 
delyveryd, to be brenned and allowed In the Aveners bookes, at the myddell pryfes of 
whete of that yere, for the baker's difcharge; bothe the whete and of the money, to awnfwere 
to his parcell of charge pourveyde by hys provyfyon, and not difpended in his office; and if 
the Avener receive not fuche branne, it fhal be hurt to the Kinge, for the baker muft have 
hoole allovvaunce : and for to fell it he can not haply paffe for a bufshell, iid. or id. ob. or 
id. whiche might better help lloppe lyvereys of otes, or other provender in the averey; and 
if the fergeaunt baker fell any thereof, he fhall be fvvorne on a booke upon his accompt* 
howe he felleth it ; alfo fome iiii bufshelles of good whete, evyn flryckyn by the bourde, 
woUe awnfwere well to vi bufshelles of mele. This fergeaunt etith in the hall; his lyverey 
for all nyght is one gallon ale; wynter lyverey, one candyll wax, ii candylles peris', one 
talwood, litter, and rufshes, of the ferg«aunt ufsher ; wages in court, viid. ob. clothing wynter 
and fomer, or xlvis. viiid. yerely; he makethe his petytions ones in the yere, for loffes of 
whete, wafting of floure, fomeeatyn by byrdes ; fome vvafshen by waters, in houfes or in car- 
ryages; fome brede all broken and etyn with rattes ; or fuche other caufes refonable; 
and for bying of berm.e, fake and candylles all the yere ; this muft be recorded by countroll- 
ment. One clerke under the ferjeaunt of this office, to be at the receyte of the whete, of 
bought brede, and of all other thinges pourveyed ; and at the delyveraunce outewardes to 
the pantrey, othyr for a record in thys office; and he to recordc the foylles of provifion 
weekely, and truly to make thereof entrey, and truly to awnfwere, and to m.ake evydence 
thereof to the people owners, fo that they be not defrauded ; and juftly to make the taylles 
of delyveraunce betwyxt this office and the pantrye, and wafery, the faucer}-, and the averye, 
and faufely to kcpe the bookes of this office ; and to be dylygent to awnfvv'ere to that office^ 
of clerke of kychyn, whyche accomptythe for this office : and nvonethly to bring up his par- 
celles uppon the payne of boufehold. This clerk ctyih in the halle with yomcn, and 
hathe a reward yerely by the fergeauntes petytion, aftyr his defert, by dyfcreffion of the 
Soveraynes; and clothing with yomen of houffioide, for wynter and fomer, playne, or ellcs 
xiiis. iiiid. and he partyth with the generall gyftes of houfehold if he be prcfent; the 
chyef clerke of kychyn engrofeth ones in the yere the accompte of this office hole; and by 
the. clerke of kvchya his bookes, all the allovvaunces for this office be aflced. One yoman 

K z 14 



o LIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS EDW. IV. 



in this office for the Kinf^e's mouthe, recevyng rhc mayne floure of the Seig^aunt, by tayle, 
and \foode to bake with the inayne chote, and payne de mayne; and alvvey ii loves of thefe 
to wcy a chete lofc. He hath alfo iakkes, lethyr bagges, canvas, candylles, bulters, berme, 
and all other heccHaries of the Scrgeaunt by countrolment. This yoman etythe in tl.e 
halle, and taketh vages, clotheing, and all other dueties, as the yoman of the countyng-lioufe 
dothe. Othyr three honed yeoaiien purveyours, fad, difcrete, and of good advice, conf- 
cience to here the commiiTions ot the worHiip and profit of this conrte, to pouivcy fuche 
Ituffe as belongyth to this ofiic?; whereof alvvey one to be attendaunt in conrtcj and 
none of them to pourvey for malyce of any manner perfon, nothyr to fpare there as it 
is to f.de, or may be ryght well forbcrn for any love ■, and fo he to have them, by reafon 
for the Kinge, that trie owner be not hnrte, nor this famous courtedifclaunderyd by any ouie- 
rage of cravinge or crakyng, or any other raveynes in theyre pourveyaunces; and they to 
bringc in to this under clerke, called Gierke for the fergeaunt, of the foyles of theyre 
pourveyaunces, by eight dayes next after that it is made in the countrey, and »f all bought 
brede, bryng the taylUs to the clerke forrhwyth; they eting in the hall, and taking wages, 
clothing, re.vardes, and other dueties in this courte, as doth the yoman balcer de payne 
de mayne; excepte that the purveyours ftonde allowed dayly, in and oute of courte in the 
chekker rolle, iiid. and no more j and yit that the fergeaunt or clerke recorde theyre 
occupation. One yoman furnour alfo in this office, makmg the weyght of brede, and to 
kepe the ballaunce, feafonyng the ovyn, and at the making of the levayne at every bache ; 
he (hall trulye delyver into the brede-houfe, to be faufely kepte, the whole numbyr of his 
bache; he fliall nother vvafte nor geve this brede, but fee that it be well feafoned, and faufe 
to the Kinge's behove, uppon payne of houfehold. He etith with the yoman in the halle, 
taking clothing wages, but if it be recorded ; and all other dewties in courte, as his fel- 
lowes do, except, that when that he is oute of courte, then he to be chekked oute of wages, 
but if it be recorded that he is oute of charge in bufynefle for his office. One groome in 
this office, with the yeoman for the mouthe, cunnyng in this fcience and trewe; eting in the 
halle with groomes at the towell ; taking elks for his rewarde, clothing, and other dueties in 
courte, as the groome of countyng-houle. One groome garnetour, to receive, to kepe, and 
to delyver the wheete comyng from the countries, and fending it to the mylles; and fo into 
the pyllryne; and, in abfence of others, he keepeth the keyes of the brede-houfe, as the 
fergeaunt wolle affigne: He etythe in the halle at the towell; taking yerely for his atten- 
dannce by petytion, xls. and clothing and other dueties with the groomes of houfliold ; and 
none other wages by the county ng-houfe. Other vii groomes, called laborers; chofen and 
"^charged by the fergeaunt, to boulte, bake, bere watyr, hewe wood, and other thinges necef- 
fary to thefe workes, and to wayce on the carryage as the fergeaunt wolle affigne for the houf- 
hold ; evyryche of thefe takethe dayly, allowed by the pantrey rolle, ii d. and fyndinge 
themfelves ; not etyng in the Kinge's hall ; and whan clothing Ihal be geven, thefe laborers 
takyth it in pretio veilure. Carryage to this office for theyre competent bedding, and for 
the Kinge's iluffe by countrolement. No dogges to be kept in this office. Item, every fer- 
geaunt of office muft awnfvvere to the fad rule ; and alfo to the ryottes in his office, or elles 
it is thought to hym a greete rebuke. 

OFFICE OF PANETRY, hathe a ferjeaunt, whiche Is called Chief Pantrer of the Kinge's 
mouthe, and niaftyr of this office, under the Kinge's power of the countyng-houfe, as all 
other officers and fergeauntes of this courte be; he receivythe the brede of the fergeaunt of 
the bake-houfe by entayle, and by the viewe of clerke of kychyn, as chief clerk of the office 
accoraptaunt; whiche clerke is nowe, and hathe bene fyne the raigne of noble Edward the 
Thirde, chyef clerke of kychyn. This pantrer, or the yoman brever, or groome dayly, to 

breve. 



LIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS E D W. IV. yr 

breve, and awnfwer this clerke of pantrey, or to his under clerkes, brevers for the tyme in 
the hall, and aftyr to prefent it into the county ng-hotife, how refonably ic is dilpended ; 
and there to be underftond, whether the miniflration of it be to the Kingc's wurlhip and 
profit, or not; fo that if any vvafte or ryotous expenfes be founde, then it to be knowen by 
whom. This fergeaunt ctythe in the hallej taking for wages viici. oh. dayly in courte, 
clothinge for wynter and fomer, or elles in money xlvis. viiid:. and nyght lyverey, naperons 
and pait of the general! glfccs, with wages onte of courte, lyke as the fergeaunt ot countyng- 
houfe. One page for the mouthe, to heipe to kepe the office and ftuffe for the Kinge, to 
pare brede, and for the chambre to helpe to beare the porters, when he is cominaunded to 
make and kepe cleane knyves, and clene the office, to truffe and beare breadc or harnefle, 
and to attend upon the carryage for the Kinge's goods to be faved. Noe page flball ete in 
the hall, but in his office, or with his next fellowe in office; taking for all day, one loffe of 
brede, one meffe of grete inete, dimid' gallon ale, and all other rewardes and dueties, as the 
page of coLintyng-houfe, alweys to be obedyent to iuche as be above hym in the office. 
One yoman brever, that dayly maketh brevementes with the clerke of kychyn, or with his 
under clerkes, of all the expenfes of brede dilpended in this houlhold the day before: 
Thefe brevements be made in the raornyng, at viii of the clocke in the hall, by cuflom of 
all fuche lyvereys and fervices, and that day he to come to the oppofile, and accomptes in 
the county ng-houfc, there to awnfwere to hym. He ought to make his lyvereys a littcU 
before that metes and foopcrs go to, avoyding Iuche places of prelie and combraunce, that 
the hall and chambres may be quykly fervyd, withoute letting afterward, when it is called for. 
The ftatutes of noble Edward the Third would that this yoman fkold ferve the hall 
at one niele, and dyne at the other meele ; but nowe it is affented, for more wurfhip, and 
fure awnfwering to the Kinge's profit, dayly to have his lyverey into this office allowed, 
iippon an eting day ii loves, ii melfes of greete mete, one gallon ale, wages in courte 
iiid. dayly, for clothing xiiis. liiid. and for chaunces iiiis. viiid. of naprons at every of 
the four feftes principall of the grete fpycery, one elle lynnyn clothe, price viii ct ; parte 
alfo of the generall gyftes of houffiold, and his part of clippinges and fees ; and that the 
countrollers oftyntymes fee that they be not pared too nye the crumme. Noe yoman of this 
office, groome, nor page, ought to here, or make oute of this office, any breade, but by 
knowledge of the brevour, or his deputies, by whiche he may declare his difcharge. Othyr 
iii yomen in this office panters, attending upon the hall, or upon other eftates, in theyre 
chambres, by commaundment of the Soveraynes or rulers in the countyng-houfe, or ufshcrs 
of the Kinge's chaumbre, to make trewe and wurffiipful fervyce in the hall by the marchalles 
preceptes, in other places by recordes, and all his expenfes ; and howe to declare to the 
yoman brever, or to his deputie, that nothing be milufed by them, to the damage of the 
King or Serjeaunt. Thefe yomen, by aflent, ferve the halle at one mele, and dyne or 
foupe at another mele; they fette the (altes in the halle, and take them up laft ; they take 
in all other dueties in this courte, lyke to the yoman brever; and this fergeaunt affigneth 
of thefe yomen, or of the groomes, as hym thinkyih beft to make lyvereys, and to breve and 
awnfwere, in abfence of the yoman brever, or elles he affigneth oue of the groomes, fuche a 
perfon as the fergeaunt of the countyng-houfe thinketh moft apt and reddy there. None 
eitate of Englond ought to be ferved within this courte but by one of the King's officers of 
every office, &c. Other two groomes in this office to help lerve the hall, or other lordes, 
in abfence of the yoman, and to cutte trenchours, to make faites, to help here the portera 
after yomen in the halle or chambre, as they be commaundtd by fuche as are above theni 
in office ; eting in the halle with other officers at the towell, taking of all other revvardes> 
clothing, and dueties, as the groome of coiintyng houfe, and the groome of the mouthe irv 
this office above written, doe within this courie. Oiher ii pages m this office, taking lyvereys, 

clothinge. 



7» 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 



dotlilnge, and revvardes, in this houlhold/as a page of the countyng-houfe dothe, if it 
iiede; they to here the porters after the groomes in the halle; them oweth to kepe clenly the 
bynnes of brede, and the office, to fetche the brede dayly from the carte into this office ; to 
chippe breddc, but not too nye the crumme; to vvayte upon carryages at the removinges; 
and other neceffary thinges to do, as they flial be commjnded by them that are above them 
in this office; or elles to take the correction of the office, like as every office within this 
courte have nedefull correftions within themfelves upon reafons, tyll the countyng-houfe 
caile it before them. One fompter horfe longeth to this office for the Kinge's garde- 
vyaundes, foundcn in all charges by the pourveyaunce of the Thefaurer of houfbold. No 
dogges to be kept in this office. This office hath no wynrer lyverey, one candclle wax, one 
candel) peris', one tallwood dimid', if he have a chymney, or elles one bufhell codes, and 
all other nyghtes throughout all the yere, one gallon ale; alfo litter for theyre beddes, or' 
paylettes, as ic fliall nede, befides the fergeauntes lyverey ; if he ferve the Kinge at nyght, 
one torche. 

OFFYCE OF WAFERES, hathe one yoman making wafyrs, and faufely and clenely to 
kepe them covered, and under locke and by afray,to be delyvered for the Kinge's mouthe to 
the fewar; for other men to the aHewers of chambre, after theire eftates, as the countyng- 
houfe appoyntethe ; and fo afcerwardes-to the aflewers of the hall for dayly fervice; and at 
the feftes princypall of the yere, then it is affented to be ferved to other lower officers more 
general!: the quotidian fcrvyce is to the Kinge, to Dukes, to Erles, and to the Steward of 
houfliold, Thefaurer, Countroller, Cofferer, and to fuche flraungers as they affigne for that 
fervyce as it ffiall require. He taketh for the ftuffe of this office, after the prices of ellatcs, 
beyng prefent in courte ; furfl: for the flower of the fergeaunt of bake-houfe, dayly or 
wekeiy as he hathe nede, by a tayle betwext them bothe, and fuger of the greete fpycery ; 
towelles of raygnes, towelles of worke, and of playne clothe, fyne coffyrs, fmall garde- 
vyaundes, and bakinge irons, and of the office, if it nede, egges. This yoman etithe in the 
halle, taking wages, clothing, naprons, rewardes, and fees, of his proper office, perufed 
after the fonrme as yoman of the pantry, by overfight of Countroller or countyng-houfe. 
The lyverey of this oflce in wynter feafon, for commyn dayes, one candy 11 wax, to bake for 
the Kinge^s mouthe; two candylles paris', iii tallwood, and litter ail the yere for his bedde 
of the iergeaunt ufsher, and for all other thinges neceffary, by commaundmente of the 
Soveraignes of the countyng-houfe. The Statutes of noble Eciward the Thirde, for cer- 
taine reafons ufed in thoofe dayes, gave this office greete wages, clothing, and higher lyverey 
than he taketh nowe, becaufe his bufyneiTe was muche more. And if this yoman be lette 
bloode, feeke, or othyrwife cliftred for a feafon, he takethe one cafte of bred, a melTe of 
greete mete, one gallon ale, and carryage for his office, and theyre harnefTe and bedding 
competent, by overfight and controlment; and his charge is dayly to awnfwce in the coun- 
tyng-houfe for the refceyte, and of the minidration, and of all the ilTues of expenfes of this 
office. One groome in this office- that can make wafyrs, as be ufed in this courte, to helpe 
kepe them cleuly and faufly for the Kinge's mourhe, and aftyrwards for the wurffiip of this 
courte, and faufegard of them that ffial be ferved with them, and to help ferve the halle and 
chambres in abfence of the yoman ; the yoman at that meele, the groome at that other, and 
he to keepe the King's goodes in this office, and fluffe that is receved therfore withonte lolTe 
refonable, and vvichoute ryotous geftcs inordynate. This groome eteth in the halle at the 
towell ; takinge in rewardes and clotheing of the countyng-houfe, and other generalities, as 
the groome of pantrey. One page in this office, if it nede, by difcreffion of the countyng- 
houfe, to geve attendaunce in keeping of this office, and the Kinge's mete and fluffi; be- 
longing thereto j to lerne the cunnynge fervice and dewties of this office ; to fettc the lyve- 

reys 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS E D W. IV. 



73 



reys belonginge nedefully thereto, and to wayte upon the faufe conduyte thereof in reko- 
nynges; whiche dayly taketh rewardes, clothinges, and other generall giftcs of this courte, 
as do pages of pantrye. 

OFFICE OF BUTLER OF ENGLOND capital, unto whome the Styward and The- 
faurer of houlhold make yerely warraunt under theyre feales, or under the feale of the coun- 
ty nghoufe at Mighelmas, by the Kinge's affent, aflignynge the feyde Butler howe muche 
covenable vvynes of all kindes he fliall pourvey for the yere next following, expreffed in that 
warraunt; and the names of the places of the Kinge's, or elles where it fliall pleafe the Kinge 
to purpofe his mofte abyding, that there the feyde wynes fliould be lodged in for his expenfes, 
and for his houfhold. This chief Butler and under Butler, deputies fufficyaunt, taketh 
his refceytes of money and afTignementes of the Thefiiurer, or by his appoyntment, in- the 
countyng-houfe, or in the efchekker, for all the emptiones of this office; and wages, re- 
wardes, fees, and other neceflaries, for all his pourveyaunces of houlliolde, vvynes, and almes- 
Wynes to houfes of rclygyoufe, and for wynes of yeftes, by privy feale; and he endentyth 
with the Thefaurer of houlhold, for fuche refceytes as can be founden in the Kinge's peele, 
takyn out by his handes, and therefore he is bounden by olde cuftumes to make his vyewes 
into the countyng-houfe, of all his refceytes, charges, and difchargcs, and remancntes brcffe, 
yerely at two termes; the firll vyewe on the morrowe next after Seint Hillary, the other 
vyewe, at the fefle of Seint John Baptifle; and the trewe finall accompt of every thinge 
partycularly expreffed by his proper other another to be made at the countyng-bourde 
before the Soveraynes, &c. at the fefte of Seint Martyne. This Butler's pourveyaunces 
be charged by ftatutes of the londe and of this Royal Courte, that all achates and pour- 
veyaunces made with the merchauntes, be wirhoute any dillurbaunce or damage efchew- 
ing the fclaunder of this courte, or of the dilhonour of it ; and if any fuche be, then he 
to make large amendes to the party wronged. Alfoe the StcAyard, Thefaurer, Countroller, 
or other mayltyr-clerkes of the countylig-houfe, to vyewe the Kinge's cellars, and of the 
wynes thereof, to knowe the verry perfcfte dylygences that thefe Butlers make upon the 
faufe keping thereof; by the whiche vyewes the Butler's trouthe in his office doinge may be 
knowne, and thereby to take tlieire rewardes yerely after theyre defertes, more or leffe: re- 
membring alwey, that the paylinge of every pipe or tonne, owethto be taken accordinge 
with the inche of the fquayre whiche the carpenter ufeth. This fergeaunt capitall Buttler, 
his fees be delyvered and taken by overfight and record of the countroller, when thinges 
byn of wyne and vefleals feble or perufed. He taketh wages of houlhold viid. ot5. and 
clothinge xlvis. viiid. with the fergeauntes. By the ftatutes of noble Edward the Thirde,, 
he fliould take in courte, for all his fees and wages, xx marcs yerely, payed by his owne 
handes, tyll he were avaunced by the Kinge, or by his meanes, to the fumme of xll. yerely,, 
durynge his lyfe ; at thofe dayes he had but xxvis. viiid. allowed yerely for his clotheing, 
fynce that tyme he hath be ufed to take in fervices and lyvereys of courte, if hymfelfe be 
prefent after fuche eftate or degree; fittinge in the halle or in the Kinge's chambre, witli 
a perfon of like fervice; and all his pourveyaunces of wynes for this houfhold, wekely to ber 
kno'.ven, ferched, or taUed, as can be thought nedefull. If any wynes be corrupted, reboyled,, 
or unwholfome for mannys body, then by the countroller, it to be (hewed at the countlng- 
bourde, fo that by affent all fuche pypes or veffelles defe^ife be daii:\pned and caft uppoii 
the loffes of the feyd thiefe Butler; and furthwith the wyne to be avoyded oute of the 
Kinge's fellers opynly into the courte, to avoyde all fufpicion. The names and the propyr- 
ties of the officers of this office, as under Butlers, counter clerkes of cellares, men of coun-- 
fayle, attorneyes, yomen, purveyours, and grooraes nedeful, belonging to this office of chief 
Butler, they to be e^^preffed in his fjuall accompt. The Kinge bathe it intytled by his pre- 

5?og;ativ£>.^ 



74 LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

rogatlvc, to have of every fliippe from xx dol' tyglu before the mafte and behynd, to have 
ii ciol' wyne ; and Ibe of every fliippe, tyll he come to the tyght of ecc dol', then the 
Kinge hath before and behynd of every fuche fliippe, iiii dol' wyne; and if any beare more 
the Kingc getythe more. It hathe lyked the Kinge nowe, by the avyfe of his full fadde and 
noble counfayle, to difchargc this greete Butler, of all tlie pourveyaunces of wynes for 
the Kinge and his houfliold; and to exempt hyra from this courte, lyke as is nowe the 
office of Privcy Scale, the office of Marchalfey, ofiice of Wardcrober, taylour, armerer, 
pavyllioner, the clerkes of the crown, of market, and workes, and other moe that furaetyme 
were here incorporate, and nowe by lykc polycy be remembred ; whiche littelyth this 'courte 
to no fmall blemyfshe, but to greete profit (liall prove and worfhip for the Kinge. And 
the feyde Butler to execute his office, as it hath been accaftomed before-tyme for the almellc- 
wynes to houfes of relygyon, and for other wynes of gyftes that the Kinge gevyth to fomc 
men terme of lyfe, and to fome men but a fealon, by his letters of privey feale. And to 
meddle and take of the Kinge's prifes and other in the portes, as he did before-tyme ; 
but he is put here apart, to pourvey for the expcnfes of the houfliolde; wherefore the Kinge 
haih nowe affigned pourveyours of wyne and rafters for hymfelf and houfliold abyding 
upon the aflignementes and commaundmentes of the Steward, Thefaurer, Countroller, and 
countyng-houfe within houfliold, as it is hereafter written: remembred alweyes, that the chief 
Butler of Englond, and his deputies, faufely and furely to kepe the firft venues of wynes in 
veflelles or fliippes, in any portes or other places, from any fale, till the King's houlhold 
pourveyours have taken for the Kingc, and his expenfes of his courte, and as muche as 
them nedeth; with trewe paymentes, according to the Kinge's old enheritable prifes, by verry 
difcreflions; and then the Butler of Englond to enter for his office after, and thereof to 
yeild his vyewes and accomptes up into the Kinge's efchekker yerely ; and the fergeaunt of 
the cellare to be charged with all partyculer wynes of all manner of kindes, pourveyed and 
expended in oflries and the Kinge's lodginges, when he rcmovyth by over fight of the coun- 
tyng-houfe and countrolraent^; and this to bs charged in the memorandum. 

OFFICE OF PURVEYOURS OF WYNE, attending for the more parte in this houfe- 
hold, to hearkyn uppon the pieceptes of the Styward and countyng-houfe, to knowe the 
Kinge's reraoevings, or elles to be fente oute to make pourveyaunces of wynes for this 
courte; and to ride and overfee the places there as the Kinge's wynes be lodged, that it 
be faufely kept from peril of leeking and breaking of vefl'els, or lacke of hoopinge or other 
coupcrage, and all other crafte for the rackinge, coynyngc, rebatinge, and other falvations 
of wynes, Sec. Power yomen leveable and difcrete, prooved in that facultie of choofmg, buy- 
inge, and keepinge of all country wynes; thus everyche of them to jourvey by the Kinge's 
commiffion, to be had by the Thefaurer of houfliolde's record and feale, dire^^t' J to the 
clerke of the crowne, to make fuche commiflion for fuche pourveyours, according to the 
(fatutes : and at every halfe yere to be brought into the countyng-houfe, that it maye be 
there fubfcribed unto the cleike of the crowne, and foe to have a new commiffion. At any 
grofle pourveyaunces or greete paymentes for wynes, the Thefaurer, Cofferer, or one of 
the clerkes of grecne-clothe, with one of the countrolement, ought to be prelent, to knowe 
and entyr all manner of charges, and the trewe conveyaunces thereof toiihe to the Kinge's 
houfes, and there to be delyvered by one Indenture trypartite ; the one to remayne with thefe 
Butlers purveyours, till all the vvhoole ycre be accompred; the other parte, with the clerke 
of butiillary and fcllare, otherwife called c!erk of kychyn in this houfliold ; the thirde 
parte to remayne in the countyng-houfe. This yoman takethe dayly by the chekker rolle in 
and oute of courte, in the Kinge's fervice iiid. etynge in the halle with yrraeo, and clothinge 
and other parte, as the yomen of pantrey i and when any of ihem pourveyeth wynes, then at 

the 



L t B E R NIGER D O M U S R E G I S E D W. tV. ^ j 

the difcreffion of the Steward, Thefaurer, Countrolier, and countyng hoiifc, after his defcrtes, 
for bouge of courre, and for his horfe dajly iid'. that be be nether extortioner, opgreffotir^ 
nether lliamefull in his demeanyng. 

OFFICE OF SELLAR within the Klnge's houfehold, hath a fergeaunt that fhall receive 
all the vvynes in every place that the Kinge or his honfliold Ihall come to, as well bought 
wynes at the Kinge's prifes, as othyr wynes of prefent ; and to awnfwere roundly there to 
every galloHj potted, and pynte, by meafure; and foe as trulye to deiyver the reraanentes, 
as ofcyn as the Kinge or his houfehold fhall depart or remoove, by overfight of the Coun- 
trolier, or clerkcs of greiie-clothe and clerkes of kychyn, or by fome of theyre under clerked, 
that a tre'.ve booke of the wynes may be made at the yeare's end. And in like wife to take 
an inventorye as ofte as the Kinge comech to apye place of his owne, or of any other man- 
nes, for a declaration of the trouthe v/ith the bottlers and keepers of the Kinge's fellers, 
receavinge the reraanentes of wyne of prife, and deiyver them agayne at every invention 
as ofte as the iCinge cometh, by indenture ; and the countyng-hoiife v/oll affcnt for everyc 
polle and inche for the butcler or fellars in hou(holde his difcharge; and tl:en to awnfwcrc 
of all manner of expenfes of wynes. This feydc fergeaunt, or the yoman tryoure, or the 
the groome tryoure, by the fergeauntes affignement, dayiy to be redyein the hall, as the yomati 
pantrer, or buttler of ale, fhall be at viii of the ciocke in the mornynge, or before, there 
to abyde; one of the clerkcs of the kychyn, the briefment of the expenfes of all theyre 
offices in the daye next before, thereby to knovve howe honorablye and husbandiye the 
officers handle and minifter the Kinge's gcodes. This Sergeaunt fervythe the Kinge's pcrfda^ 
of wyne and ale; he hathe alfo in keepinge and charge, all manner of plate, fylver, gold, 
and gylte, delyveryd from the counting-houfe or jewel-houfe, by indenture; ewers, hvours, 
and cupboardc'clothes, duppe-clothes, hangers, ferrers, and portatives : he taketh irt 
every duetie in this courte of wages, clothinge, gyftes, lyke the Sergeaunt of the pantrey-j 
for hyrafelf, in feafon of the yeare, one candyll wax, one torche to ferve the Kinge for wyne 
and ale, two candylles paris', dimid' bufshell cooles ; and nyghtly one gallon ale, and litter 
and rufshes for his bed, and lyverey for his office nyghtly of wax candylles and paris' can- 
dylle, and in dark fellers cooles, as fhall be thought nedeful by the difcreffion of the coun- 
ting-houfe. This office hath a fumpter-man and horfe; and alfo a bottle-horfe founden by 
the Thefaurer his charge. The breade and wyne that it be honefllye kepte by the wayes 
undifpended, until it be brought in agayne by the bottle-man; and all other carryages for 
this office, and for theyre competent abydinge by the overfight of the countrolier, &c. One 
yeoman for the Kinge's mouthe, that with the fergeaunte choofeth the wynes mofl pleafiiunt 
to the Kinge's drinkinge, and molle wholfome, and he faufely to keepe It with all his 
dylygence, that noe perfon, but for the mouthe, intermeddle therewith i he ferveth the 
Kinge at the cup*bourde and barre, in the abfence of the fergeaunt, both with the cuppe- 
bourde, clothe, pottes, and cuppes, for wyne and ale; the fayde fergeaunt, yoman, and the 
groome, for the mouthe in theyre abfence, (hall trulye enfourme the yoman treyoures, or 
the groome treyoure, in his abfence, of as muche wyne and ale as they have miniftred there, by 
the ufshers recorde, foe that the entre thereof may be made at the breiifementes. Thisyomart 
takethe in the houfehold for wages and clothinge, and parte of the guiftes generall, lyke 
to the yeoman of pantry, eating in the hall. One groome of fellare for the Kinge's mouthe, 
to geve attendaunce upon the office, to drawe wyne, and to fetche the ale for the Kinge and 
his chambre, and othyr gardevyaundes and colFyrs ; and to kepe his parte cleanley and 
honeftlye; and all the veffelles, bothe pottes, cuppes, and clothes; and to beare them in- 
ward and outward, at every carryage. He eatithe in the hall at one mele djn'her and fou- 
per, as the groomes of pantrey for the mouthe; and rewardes, clothinge, and other, 8cc. 

L One 



76 LIBER NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

One yornan treyoure of the fellare, which drawethe and delyveryth, at the barre, all thsr 
v.ynes for the halle, chambre, all lyveryes and other dueties of all this courte; he dayly Ihali 
brc-ife, as the yeo:-nan pantrer dothe in the hall with the clerkes of kychyne, at the houre 
affigned, like as he well awnfwere to all recordes of ufshers marchalles, and to other dewe 
lyvcreys, or to any other commaundmentes. He ought to delyver his vvynes by jufte meafure 
and to lake for his allowance by fextaries, pychers, dimid* pychers and quartes, in the coun- 
tinff-hoLife, at the accomptes continually. He, with the clerk countroiler and clerke of the 
kychyn, relceyvethe continuallye inventions of vvynes, as oftyn as the Xinge and his-houf- 
holde comyth to any place ; and every removinge, he or the fergeaunte, or the grooma 
treyoure, fhall deliver the reraanentes of all fuche wynes receyved by hym; and he ouo-ht 
by the flatutes, to have noe fee of any cleane wynes foe longe as it may renne, but drop- 
pinges and fpyllingesi but the cokkyrs and the lees; and that by overfight and recorde of- 
the countroiler and clerke of kychyn. Nothyr this Sergeaunt, nor yoman groome, ne other- 
officers, ought not to keepe any continuaunce of perfounes dyninge or foupinge muche in this 
o3ice, but by the foveraynes commaundment for the Kinge's worfhip and honoure • nor to 
keepe there any proper fervauntes within this office, to be over converfauntes, upon the 
payne of houfliolde. This yoman, becaufe of his greate bufyneffe, and the groome treyoure^^ 
Ihall have into this office, in eatinge dayes, ii paynes, ii mefle groflfe de cufyn, and one meflb 
rofte, one gallon ale; all thinges of wages, clothinge, and guiftes generail, lyke to the 
yeomen of pantrye; and to be obedyent unto the preceptes of the foveraynes of houfehold 
in all fuche appoyntmentes as theye fhalle make in the counting-houfe for the Kinge and hia 
courte. This yeoman helpeth the fergeaunt yearely, to make his petition for his difcharge. 
of wynes by leakage, and cf wynes lofte at brefementes, or difallowed in the countine- 
houfe for lacke of commaundmentes, or other authorities; and for dampncd wynes 
not allowed, or other caufes refonable, by record of countrollers. He bathe one honeft- 
lervaunt in this courte, but not abydinge in this office; alfo this yeoman beareth not 
the keyes of this office any tyme oute of courte, nor to be farre abfent, nor continuallye 
abydinge ip the fellare, but at m.ele tymes ; but as it fhall require for the Kinge and ftraun- 
gers. It fittythe that iheefe officers be of gentyll condition in aunfweringe to all people 
and temperate in all theyre guydinges; for the honour of this courte. Other two oroomes. 
under the treyoure, to help him to drawe and bringe the velTelles with wynes to the barre 
or to other places within the courte^ as the foveraignes of the courte wull commaund them, 
for the Kinge, in tyme of neede and commynge of ilraungers: and for the Kinge's chambre 
and halle, to help keepe laufely the wynes, velTelles, and rtuffe, and honeftlye of office that 
there be nothyr ryotte nor wafle, but to be attendaunt, fecrete, and dylygent for worfhippe 
and profitte of this courte. Theefe groomes take ail other dueties, rewardes, and clothinge^ 
&c. as do the groomes of pantrye; alweyes twee groomes betvvext them, to have one honefl 
man or childe fervaunt into this courte, but not ufinge in the feilar. One pacre in this 
office, to helpe to wafshe barrelles, portatives, tubbes, pottes, or cuppesj.and to helpe 
kepe cleanlye the office ; to help to truffe the ftuffe and bere to and froe tlie carryao-e at all 
remoevinges ; and to wayte thereupon, faufely to guyde and keepe it. Pages have often. 
tymes becne cbofen and abled by the maiityrs of offices, and then prefented into the countyng- 
houle, there to be entred and underftoud of his vertuoufe difpjfitiounes, conditions, and 
propyrties of perfoune ; and therefore the maifters, or the faid yomen, have the corrections 
of pages within themfelves uppon reafoune, but if it be uppon any greate caufe that the 
couatyng-boufe lyfte to call before thein. This page taketh clothinge and rewardes of the 
counting-houfe, and dayly one mefie of greate meate, one payne, dimid' gallon ale into 
this office, lyke pages of the pantrey. It hathe beene oftyntymes in yeres togydyr, that 
Hie Kinge hath had the advauntage of the feeble and duile wynes, to make thereof venegere, 

and 






LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS E D W. IV. 77 

snd to dclj'vyr it to the fergeaunt cf the faucerye. One charyotte for the gardevyaundes 
•^f the pantrey, coffyrs of waufferye gardevyaundes, with filver veffellcs of bothc celhires 
'and barrelles of wynes, gardevyaundes of pycher-boufe, gardevyaundes of the ewrye, forae 
gardevyaundes of fquyllerye and faucerye-, the Kinge's ahnef-dyflTe, all oiher (tuffe by over- 
fight of countrollement, as hym thinketh convenyent to five the carryage, and accordinge 
•to every mannys degree. The Kinge ought of right to be faril merchaunt to everey raannes 
fee within this houlholde ; and fo he is entytled by noble Edward the Thirde, to buye 
-of his yoman treyoure, as many cokkyrs of his fee within the fellarcs, as the pourveyours 
of the buttlarye and pourveyoures of the fquylerey ihali nede at any tyme or place, highc 
or lowe, for viiid. apeice the befte. The foveraynes of houfehdld ought to have a pri- 
•vate enquirie, if any officer of buttrey or fellar take anye revvardes of the brewers of ale, 
or yf the buttler pourveyoure of wyne take any guifte of the partyes owners, for to utter 
•theyre evyll ale or wyne, or othyr ftuffe, by any colloure within the houfliold ; and he that 
fo refceyvethe, fuche ftuffe to be cafte upon hym and the owner thereof. 

OFFICE OF BUTTLARYE OF ALE, under the fergeaunt of fcllars charge, one chief 
fobyr yeoman verfoure, to refceyve all the ale or beerc that (hall be pourveyede by en- 
tayle, to viewe it in the comm)ng in, to refceyve the taylles foyles, to call the countroUers or 
clerkes of butterye, that is the clerke of kychyn, to gawge the pipes, to raeafure or prove 
any othyr velTelles, to affay, tafte, or fette, the prife of alle fuche drinkes upon the foyles, 
tvvoe or three dayes, next aftyr the commyng in thereof to this office. The olde cuflome 
of this courte is, to paye after as the clerke of markett wille prefent for every gallon ale; 
and that is, for the Kinge's houfliold after as malte goeth in the markette, for every ffiillinge 
of the quarter of malte that the brewers bye, the Kinge to paye fo many quad, the gallon 
ale into this houffiold, if the ale be foe wurth; then the countroUers of burterye and kychyn 
to make fuche entrye in theyre bookes, and fuche allowaunces therefore in the countinor- 
houfe, that they be preyfed trulye and indifferently, as it is worthe, withoute love or hatrede; 
foe that no fclaunder aryfe agaynft this courte. This ycman hathe the fpecyall charge, 
undyr the feyd fergeaunt, of the keepinge of this ale, beere, or fuche ftuffe, and miniftration 
thereof at the barre, for alle the houfehold. Hym ought to be of temperate condition, 
and to preferve worlhip to itraungers, with profit to fuche as have ducties to l\veres, with 
honeft and mannerly demeanynge ; not to kecpe dynners nor foupers cuftomablye within 
this office, but for hymfelf. It fittyth the greate officers of the counting-houfe, oftyntymes 
and fodenly, to vyfite the offices, to fee and knoweyf any ryottous rules be ufed within forthe 
to the Kinge's hurt, and to amend it; alfoe of dewtie, becaufe he taketh whoole allowaunce 
by every gallon, or dimid' gallon, hym owght to make delyveraunce to the halle, chambre, 
and lyvereys, by evyn, playne meafure; alfo to give attendaunce dayly to the bre'fmentes- 
with the clerkes of Buttery in the halle, and to give awnfwere thereto at the accomptes; 
alfo that he, or the groomes of this office, be attcndaunt with the keye, if they be called 
for the Kinge, foveraignes, or ftraunger?, not longe abydinge in the office at meles, with 
opyn wyndowes or doores, but as the Kinge's vvorffiip with profit dothe require. This 
yoman, by his fergeauntes advyce, makethe at every Mighelmas a petytion into this coun- 
ting-houfe for abatementes and difallovvaunces of his ale; and for ale gevyn to ahnelfe ; 
how muche and wherefore ; and for ale leakinge in the vefTeiles, and fpylte by drawino-es. 
Alfo he askethe allowaunce for tubbys, treyes, and faucettes, occupied all the yeare before 
by record of countroUers, and clerkes of the buttreye. In lyvereye feafon, he hathe for 
his office as muche coole and candyilcs as fliall be thought nedeful by the commaundmentes 
of the countyng-houfe. Othyr twoe groomes verfoures in this office, to helpe to lod^^e 
theire ale; to helpe drawe it ; and to help keepe the office cleane: and in the abfence of the 

L 2 feidc 



f « L I B ?: R NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 

feide yeoman, to make miniftration at the barre for the Kinge's chambre and h.alle, and for 
lyvercys,' and foe to refceyve it as the yonuui dothe vvhcii he is prefent. Theefe officers 
ihould be marked and ordered after theyre mannerly condition and behavioure in all theyre 
miniftration, or elles to be at the do£tryne conveniente in "the counting-houfe. They eate 
in the halle at the toweil ; and in all other devvties of clothinge and revvardes in this courte, 
iyke to the groomes of pantrey. One page in this office to helpe the yoman and groomes 
to keepe cleane the office ; to helpe to lodge in the vefTelles ; and to fette in lyvereyes. 
There owght no page in anye office to keepe the barre ; he hathe his lyverey intt) this 
office daylye, like to othyr pages. Of olde ufage two pages vvolde dyne togyder with one 
of theyre mefles, fo that theye maye fpare that other meffe for theyre fouper. This page 
laketh lyverey s, rewardes, and clothinges, of the counting-houfe, as the pages of pantrey. 

OFFICE OF PYCHER-HOUSE, AND CUP-HOUSE, fower honefl yomen and dyli- 
gent, whereof twoe ferve the firfl meate with wyne and ale, and the other twoe ferve the 
feconde mcale. It fittyth this office to be right quycke and ferviceable, to obeye the 
Marchalles preceptes and ufshers in theyre abfence. They iniayle with both buttlers of wyne 
and aJe, for howe many pottes they have refceyved by meafure ; and that tayle they bringe 
into the counting-houfe. Them owght to fetche the pottes with drinke in the halle at the 
highe dayes, that Marchalles, Ufshers, and Awmoners, may fee the full meafures ; or 
elles they to make it up, as the countrollers and clerkes of buttery and kychyn have marked 
the pottes. The chief yeoman of this office hathe in charge, under the fergeaunt of fellar, 
the kepeinge of all the pottes and cuppes of fylver, and leather, tankardes, and earthe afshen 
cuppes, coffyrs, gardevyaundes, hangers, and all that other ftuffe of this office ; and hee to 
awnfvvere thereto. This office hathe in lyverey feafon iiii peris' candylles or more, and 
cooles as the counting-houfe thinketh reafonable; and all thefe eate in the halle; and in 
theire wages, clothinge, and other generall thinges of the courte, they take Iyke to the yomen 
of pantrey. Othyr twoe groomes in this office to affifle the feyd yeomen, as they fhail be 
commaunded, to help to fetche wyne and ale; to help to wipe and wayffie cleanely the bar- 
rells, poriatives, poctes, cuppes, for this office, as the fergeaunt woU affigne them ; and to 
beare the feyde veffelles with wyne and ale from the fellare and buttery, into the halle or 
chambre by trewe recorde, and truelye to keepe the remanentes to the Kinge's ufe into this 
office agayne, if the whoole meffe be lefte after the fervice of the halle, and oUier ffraungers, 
and bringe in whoole all the pottes and cuppes againe ; and thefe twoe yomen to helpe 
to fetche everye mornyng the pottes and cuppes that be oute for lyverey, and to trulie 
the Kinge's goodes, and beare it to the carryage faufely ; and to lielp to refceyve it, that, 
nothing be lofte in theyre defaulte. They eate in the halle at the toweil, and have theire 
rewardes, clothinge, and other dewties, Iyke the groomes of pantrey. One page in this 
cffice, by the conlent of the counting-houfe, if it be thought nedeful, to helpe to keepe and. 
2ttend, to beare and v/ayfshe, and wholefomlye to keepe, barrelles, portatyves, pottes, gar- 
devyaundes, and cuppes; and often to wype them cleanely and fauve the Kinge's ffuffe; to 
helpe truffe and beare to the carryage, and to help fetche othyr livereys in feafon, as wood 
and coole, as the yomen woll affigne hym; and he with the yeoman, everye mornyng, tellyth 
the pottes and pelles, and fetche them home everey mornynge, fo that the halle and the 
Kinge's chambie be not unferved upon blame of all thefe officers. This page taketh like 
lyverey, rewarde, and clothinge, as doth the pages of pantrey. The Bnttler for the mouthe 
delvver\ the nyghtly, at the buttrey barre, for the Kinge for all nyght: widi the ale in newe 
af?hen cuppes; and twoe other for the watche, whiche of ryghte fhuld be delyveryd agayne 
at the cup-bourde in the mornynge, with the pottes to ferve men of worfiuppe ia the halle;. 
when other men of worfhippe bringe to this office theyre old foyled cuppes of ayfshe, to 
have newe. 

OFFICE 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 75 

OFFICE OF ALE-TAKERS, hathe one yoman dlfcreete and muche tempernte, to make 
trewe and good pourvcyaunce of ale and beere for the Kinge and his houfholdc, and by 
as lyttell trouble as mayc be, with the people ; and that he and the groome under hyin 
make and marke trulye the taylies betwext them and every partye, howe muche they take ; 
and thofe taylies to be delyveryd to the feyde partyes for theyre evydence, and the foyles of 
the butteryes with the ale there to be refceyved of record, and the good preyfed, and the 
fcyles marked as i: is woithe, and fo to be delyveryd to the clerkes of the buttcrye to make 
cute the biiles and the pril'es to the ale parties, and to dampne the taylies, that they playn- 
lye fetche theire moneyes at the countyng houfe, or elles furthwith to be payede by a ere- 
dytour and the taylies together; and this yeoman, groome, or page, in his abfence, fee or 
knowc all fuche playne meafure and ftuffe for the Kinge and his courte, to be good and 
wholefome, well brcwen, into cleane veflelles and. putte upon theyre charge, and fpecyallye 
to the charge of the owner, or elles after the daye of proofe, and rellinge in the bnttcrye, 
if it be founden unwholfome, then to be overfecn by the Countroller cr clerkes of kychya 
and butterye ; and that all fuche defeftive drinke be had oute of that office opynlye into the 
courte dampned, and thereof to fmyte oute the heddes of the veflelles, and forthwith to 
cancell the foyles, and drawe them oute of all entrye. The ftatutes of noble Edward the 
Ihirde gave this wages but ii3. by the daye: nowe, becaufe his bufynefle is muche oute 
of courte, and to be trewe and dylygent in all his pourveyaunces, he is appoynted daylye 
by the chekker-roile iiid. in and oute ; fittinge in the halle with other yomen of houfehold^ 
and like clothinge and other dewties of this courte. He prefenteth the hoopes and other 
couperage, done for the Kinge in his office, unto the Countroller and clerkes of buttery; 
and by theyre record he hathe the comraiffion under the Kinge's greate feale, by the The- 
faurere of houfhold his bylle and feale, for hym, and for his groome and page, to take ale, 
beere, carryages, horfes, and men, to fcrve the Kinge as oftyn as hym needeth, and at the 
Kinge's priies and old cuftomes. One groom? in this office to helpe the yomen, ant,l to be 
much attendaunt and dylygent to overfee the veflelles brought togeder, to be cleane wafshen^ 
and well favoured, or elles to refufe tnem; and faufely to guyde the ale, bothe inward and 
outeward, to the Kinge's ufe. He taketh dayly for bouche oute of courte in the Kinge's 
fervice, by the recorde of his yoman, id. ob. allowed in the buttery-rolle; and he to helpe 
mete the veflelles, that the Kinge be not defrauded in meafures. He eatyth in the halle af 
the towell, and in all other rewardes, clothinge, lyvereys, and guiftes, he taketh like the 
gioomes of the pantrey. One page in this office to helpe to condufle faufely all fuche 
drinkes, and to helpe charge and difcharge the carryages thereof, as he maye goodlye at 
lend, and to goe therev/ith ; and in fometyme of nede to helpe to pourvcy, and to bringe in 
the taylies truelye to be entered with the ale, and truelye to helpe meafure the veflelles ; . 
whiche page, in cafe the groome be attendaunt in courte, and he in a pourvcyaunce, then 
taketh he for his bouche oute of coucte the feid id. ob, tyll the groome come: then this 
page hathe in courte his loofe, one mefle of greate meete, dimid' gallon ale in the buttrcy 
or pycher-houfe, and like in all other dewties to the pages of pantrey*. 

OFFICE OF GREATE SPYCERYE, hath in hym a chiefe malfter clerke, whiche hathe. 
the charge of pourveyaunces of all manner of ftuffe belonging to this offxe, and to the office 
of confed:ionarye, to the office of chaundery, and the office of naperye ; as for wcx, weekes, , 
all manner of fpycery, figges, apples, and other fruytes and Ituffe belonginge to jiny of 
thefe feyde offices, with all the prifes by recorde ; and to bringe by parcelles raonethly to ' 
the counting-houfe of all his provyfyons, and of the delyveraunce of any fuche ftuffe. The 
feyde chiefe clerke ffiall dayly accompt for every partyculnre thereof to the counting-houfe. . 
TJiere owght to be at the delyveraunce of any manner of thing^e of charge, in this office,. 

twe/r 



8o -LIBER NIG E R DOMUS REGIS EDW.lV. 

the Thenuirer, Coiintrollcr, or one of the fufTycyaunt clerkes under them, for a te(lymon3^e 
to the offic'^r, and for a charge to them that fliall relceyve it; and fo the feyde Countroller 
tv» put ir in his bookes of remembraunces, and to recorde it in the counting-houfe, when it 
fliall be dcmaundcd of them. This chief clerke cateth in the halle with a perfone of like 
fervice, whiche is like after the clerkes of grene-clothe, bothe in fervice, and in the halle, 
and in the courtc, lyvcrey and wages, clotheing. It hath not bene accuftomed of olde, that 
he fhould take for wnges oute of courte daylye xld. but by greate confideration of the 
foveraignes in makinge of pourveyaunces to the Kinge's greate avayle, but xii d". a'daye; 
and yet the counting-houfe to underitand it, or he goe therefore oute of courte, or elles by 
bis othc upon a booke, as oftyn as it doth require by petytion : And all fuche money or 
affignementes as he rcfceyveth of the Thefaurer, that he truely content the merchaunt 
withal). By the flatutes of noble Edwarde the Thirde, this was called, " Ufsher de la garde 
*' robe, que prendra pur fa gages iiii oB. je jour et fervera les carriages que apperteynt a hi 
" garderobe au^ibien des couffres et aultres choles come fes lites de clercs de garderobe/* 
He -fittych not at the grene clothe at any tyme of the accomptes; but there is taken ahveyes 
a petytione for hymfelF, and for all the office under hym, at every iii times of the yere. 
This chiefclerke ought to make viewes into the counting-houfe of all his pourveyaunces, 
delyveranaces, and remanentes ; and at the iiii termes, a playn, open, partycular accompr. 
Sometymes this office did iliape, fewe, and make ready unto' the writinge, all the bookes 
of the countyng-houfe. He tuketh bothe lyvcrey and herbygage for hym and for his office 
of the herbyger, and competent carryage of his barneys, with the Kinge's ftuffe in this 
office by the Countroller. One fecundary clerke in this office of the greate fpycery, fufficiaunt 
to refceyve and trulye to keepe the Kinge's fluffe of this cffice ; and to wryre the dayly 
bookes of the delyveraunces thereof, and of all the other three offices, as it (hall require; 
and he to av/nfvvere to evcrye parcel! of them into the counting-houfe, as for fuger to 
the waferv, or to the fellare or kychyn, with all other manner of fpices nedefull to the 
conf'eiftionarye and fawcerye, to all other commaundmentes of fuche as have audtorite, as well 
as the office of chaundrey of wexe, weekes, candylle paris'. Hym owght dayly to prove and 
be at the weyght of wexe ; and alfoe to make a booke of all manner napery and lynnyn 
cbthe, delyverede to the office or perfon at any tyme, and helpeth to engrolfe the parcelles 
monethly with the chief-clerke, and ffiall bringe them to the counting-houfe uppon an 
othe ; and it to be oppofed by the clerkes of the counting-houfe. Hee taketh fervyce in 
the halle like gentylmen, and he deferve it, yercly a rewarde by petytion of x marcs; elothinge, 
or xxs. iyverey nyghtlye, and carryage of competent beddlnge, and parte of the generall 
guiftes, like to the fecundarye-clerke of countrolment. If the Kinge goe over fee, the 
fecundarye-clerke be taken at findinge and wages as caftellahs. One other clerke in this office 
to heipe to wryte and make the bookes daylye ; to helpe to refceyve, keepe, and delyver, 
the fluffe for the Kinge; to helpe to attend upon all the other iii offices, and daylv^e to the 
briefementes and accomptes in the abfence of the chicfe or fecundary-clerke ; to helpe to 
prove the expenditure of wexe; and if any lightes be lofle, to Ihcwe dayly by whome or 
whoofe defaulte, or howe muche; and to helpe fee the lyvereys of wexe and peris' candelles 
nyghtlye delyveryd, according to theire dewties, withouten wafle ; and to helpe fave and 
trulic the Kinge's fluffe and carryages, and dylygentlye to overfee it. He taketh yerely re- 
wardes at the counting-houfe by the chief clerkes petytion, after his demerites, v marcs or 
vi marcs, or cs. at the difcreffion of the foveraynes. He taketh in all other dewties and 
lyvereys in courte, and elothinge, if the foveraynes will affent, like to the fecundary 
clerke ; and yet but in late dayes fuche thirde clerkes were called in none office but as 
yomen clerkes be. One yoman powder-beater in this office^ and bearer (jf the coffyrs, baggcs, 
fpices, wexe, and other (luffe into this office; and to charge and difcharge the carryage when 

it 



' l5 f B E R NIGER D O M U S REGIS E D W. IV. 8* 

it come, and faufely guyde it, and to helpe to keepe tlieire journayinges for the countreye. 
He taketb daylye for his wages in courte, by the fpycery-rolie, iiil. and other clothiuge, 
rewarde?, or parte of guyftes generall, as doe other yeomen of houleholde. One groorae in 
this office to helpe to attend it in ail bufynefles, and to faufe keepe the (.ffice an^l goodes ; 
to wayte upon the carryages, and to obeye them that are above hym in this office, at aile 
commaundracntes ; and for the office to fette in all manner of lyvereys, in the abfence of the 
yeoman ; and to help beare and trufie the fluffe in and oute, when it fiiall nede. He 
taketh in clothinge, rewardes, and other lyvereys, lyke other groomes of houfeholde. 
MeraorandV this office hathe lyverey of kychyn daylye, 

OFFICE OF GONFECTIONARYE,- haihe in hym a fergeaunt to ferve the Kinge. 
He refceyvyth of the office of greate fpycery, all fuche ftuffe by indenture ; all manner of 
fpyces to make confections, garquince?, plaates, fedes, and all other fpycery nedefuli; dates,. 
fi-gges, raifonnes, greate and fmalle for the Kinge's mouthe, and for his houlhcld in Lente- 
fcafone; wardens, pearys, apples, quinces, cherryes, and all other fruytes after the feafonne,- 
belonging to this offi:e. He refcevethe the fpyce plates, bothe of the counting-houfe 
and jewell-houfe, accordinge to rychefTe, after the dayes of eftate by indenture for the 
Kinge's voyders, when the ufsher of the chambre comyth therefore;- all the plates of peautyr 
by the pourveyaunce of the fergeaunt- fquylloure, and indentures thereof betwext the 
couniing-houfe and hym, by the countrolment of all weyghtes and nnmbyr, by the delyvc- 
raunce of the feyd chiefe clerke and his deputies, coffyrs, gardevyaundes, towelles of raynes, 
of work, and other, covertours and hangers, and other neceffaries; pannys, bafyns, and 
ladylles, that he makyth his confe<ftions withal! dayly. Hym owght to breve with the 
clerkes of the grete fpycery what he fpendeth- of his office. The Kinge's plate is efleemed 
at a greete daye of eftate i lb. dim' and other v^hiles but i tb. and fo afterward Dukes, Erles, 
and Bifhoppes. The feyd chiefe clerke hath claymed the perufed coffyrs, gardevyaundes,. 
and others of this office, fometyraes ; but nowe it is determined to this fergeaunt by over- 
fight of the faid clerke and controlment, when fuche ftufTe here is perufed. Thefe fer- 
geauntes all fitte togeder in the halle. Hee taketh wages and lyverey nyghtlye in feafon 
like to the other ferr^eauntes, except for his clothinge, but xls. for the office in feafon ; 
and in wynter for the Kinge's bufmefs, one tortayes, one candelle wax, ii candylles peris', 
■woode and coale, when hee workcth, by commaundment from the counting houfe; and night- 
lye one gallon ale, litter and rufshes all the yeare: and for the lergeauntes lyverey at nighte, 
one candy He peris', one gallon ale, and in feafon, dim' talvvood, or one faggot: thefe officers 
Ihould have connynge in theire workes. One yeoman to be both for the mouthe and for the 
halle in tyme of ncede, and chambre; and to be well learned in the niakinge of confeftions, 
plates, gardequinces, and others, fafely and cleanely to keepe, and honeltly to miniiler it: •■ 
forthe at all tymes of the Kinge's vvorfhip ; and to make trevve awnfwere thereof by weyghtes 
inward and outeward, and foe to briefe it; and to be redye to (hewe the remanentes, as the- 
clerkes woll calle to undyrftand this office. This yeoman takecii his wages, and clothinge, 
and other dewues in this courte, like the yeoman of pantrey, but noe fees ; and if he be 
bufye in workings fpices, then he hathc his breade, mete, and drinke, for hym and his fellov/e- 
jQiip, into this cffi:e, by commaundment of the countiug-houfe. One groome in this off.ce- 
to helpe to make the confections, to ferve the houfhoklc- in tyme of neede, both halle a::d 
chambres ; to fetche in the lyvereys for the cffice, and keepe it cleanlyc; to helpe to truife? 
harneys ; to wayfshe and wype, and gader home the plntteres of fylver and peauter ioto this-' 
office dayly, and to wayte upon the carryage, and to beare the fruyte ; and, in tyme of the* 
yere, to kepe it in hourde. He eateth in the halle at the tovvell, takinge rewardes and 
dothing^c, and naperons, &c, like to the ^roomes of pantrey. This office hath-ons-fompter- 

maa : 



82 LIBER NIGER DOM US REGIS E D W. IV. 

man and horfe, for friiytes, fpices, confections, and fpice plates, in the pourveyaunce of the 
Thefaurcr of houfhold by the counting-houfe. Thefe officers make provyfyons in feafons 
of the ycre accordinge for fruytes, to be had of the Kinge's gardynes withoute prifes; as 
cherryes, peares, apples, nuttes, greete and fmalle, for fomer ieafon ; and lenten, wardens, 
quinces, and other; and alfo of prefentes gevyn to theKingc; they be pourveyours of 
blaunderclles, pepyns, and of all other fruytes ; and fo to preicnt in theyre bookes. 

OFFICE OF CHAUNDLERYE, bathe in hym a fergeaunte fervinge the Kinge's table, 
cup-bor.rde, and his chambre of lightes upon plates of fylver and breade. He refceyvyth 
of the chiefe clerke of the fpycerye all wexe and weekes, peris' candylles, and other ftuffe 
neceilarye to this office, by indenture ; and for the expenles he is accomptable to the feyde 
cleikes, if they thinke it fittinge and necelTarye, fower tymes. He provyth the expenfea 
of wexe dayly by weyght, before the clerkes and one of the controUment, if he ref- 
ceyve any candylflyckes of fylver or guylte, of the counting-houfe, he endentythe with 
the Thcfaurere, or with the jewel-houfe. Alle other neceflaries, as ballaunces grete or 
fmalle, wcyghtes, and pannys, longe coffyrs, gardevyaundes, hote irons, carryages, and other 
iveccOaries for this office, is charged in the office of greate fpycerye, and he maketh the 
whoole accompt once in the yeare to the counting-houfe, for all this office. If any of the 
porters of the Kinge's gates have offiended, he (lull be empryfoncd, and putte to warde for 
any trefpafle within this courte, hee mufte be committed to the keepinge and to ilockes in 
this office of chaunderye. This fergeaunte eateth in the halle with other fergeauntes of 
like wages, dewties, and clothinge, as the fergeaunte of confe6tionarye. Here hathe byn 
ufed a fompter-man and horfe, for the Kinge, and chambre, and halle, to carrye the longe 
coffyrs, with greate and fmalle lightes, ready at nede when there is workinge, of torches, 
fmalle lightes, or of peris' candylles; then by commaundmente from the counting-houfe they 
have breade, mete, drynke, woode, and cooles, as fliall be neceflarye and fufficyaunte. Othyr 
three yeomen in this office, whereof one is affigned, more fpecyallye in the abfence of the fer- 
geauntes to ferve the Kinge and his chambre, and fuche looves as he fetcheth of the pantrey, 
the chaundelers truelye to prefent them to the ufshers recorde, and to bringe to the pantrey 
the remanentes undifpended, upon payne of his wages ; and foe to prefent all the expenfes of 
lightes to the ufshers, and to be readye at his preceptes for the Kinge's worffiippe and pro- 
fitte : allfoe, that the yeoman brever of the chaundrey and clerkes of the fpycery, niayc 
underftande the trouthe of this yeoman his miniftration nightlye. The other yeomen to 
make lyvereys, and to fee and knowe howe all thinges are delyvered, and what commethe in 
agaync, for a recorde. He helpeth to make all lightes, and geve everye manne his lyvercy 
after the eftate or degree that he is ; and to fetche them that be greate lightes home, and to 
calle uppon the other yeomen and groomes, to goe for them to every mannes chambre ia 
the miornynge. The thirde yeoman attender and helper, to worke in this office, and to 
miniflyr it in the halle and chambres, when he is commaunded, truely to recorde and helpe 
bringe it from mennes chambres in the mornynge, as for morters, and torches, and tortayes. 
This yeoman, riinnynge in waxemakinge, and true to prefent, by the Marfhalles recorde, 
all the looves of chaundlers difpended in the halle ; and the overplus to yeild agayne to 
the yeoman pantrer brever, and all other fizes, and fmalle lightes, not difpended in the 
Kinge's fervice, to bringe home to the yeoman recorder of chaunderye, and everye yeoman 
to helpe to excufe others for his bufynefs in his abfence; and to declare everye partyculer 
delyvereye of wax and peris' candylles, to the clerkes of the fpycerye, when they Hiall be op- 
pofcd. They eate in the halle with other yeomen of houfholde of lyke wages, clothinge, and 
dewties. Other two groomes in this office, to helpe make lightes of vvaxe and peris' can- 
dylles; to helpe to ferve the halle and chambres; and gader the lightes daylye from the 
4 . groome 



LIBER NIGER DOMUS REGIS EDW. IV. 8^ 

groome porters, chambre, and other mannys chambyrs, that alle lyverey, morters, torchys* 
and tortjyes, be brought in daylye by nine of the clocke in the forenoone, or elles to telle 
it the clerkes of the fpycerye, where and by whome it lacketh. Thefe groomes helps to 
ferve the courte in lacking of the yomen : they fittc in the halle at raealySj at the towelle, 
and in ab other rewardes and cloth inge, like to groomes of pantrey. One page to helpe to 
kepe the otbce cle^nely ; to be a labourer, and attender ; to fetche in woode, coole, and 
other thinges neceffarye ; to be o tdyent to them that be above hym in this office, and all 
tymcs to bcare to and fio the carryages, and to wayte uj)pon the faufetie of the Kinge's 
ftulre ; and lyvereye of meatc, rewardes, clothinge, and other cafualties, hke the pagea 
of the panticy. 

THE OFFICE OF EWARY AND NAPERY, hathe in it a Serjeaunte to ferve the 
Kinge's pcrlbne; in covcringe of the bourde, with wholfcine, cleane, and unto\iched clothes 
oF (Iraungers, an! \v th cleane bafyns and moUe pure vvatyrs, allayed as often as his royall 
perfone (hall be lerved. Hee rcceyveth the charge of alle napery by meafure, for the Kinge 
and his chambre and hallc, and to be renewed, if neede be, at any of the fovver fcltes 
j)rincypall in the yeare, by delyveraunce and recorde of the Countroliers, and the chiefe clerke, 
or his depnties, by indenture, whereof this fergeaunte, or his deputies, yeoman or groome 
of this office, fliall ffiewe and gevs reckonyng to the couniip,g-houfe, as often as the Coun- 
troUers commaund. He indentech with the Thefaurer of the houiehokie in the counting- 
houfe, for all the bafyns, ewears, cuppes, and napkins, of fylver or givyltc, that he ref- 
ceyveth by weyght inhis charge. And if he refceive fuche thinges of the jewell-houfe, this- 
ferjeaunre IhalJe ihewe all the newe and olde clothes, towells, and napkins, to be viewed by 
the counting-houfe or CountroUers overfight, if they be loH, and by whome-, or if they be 
perufed clothes, fo that with honeftye they will noe longer ferve, then thefe clothes of 
the Kinge's bourse, clothes furnape, footc-clothe, and fuche others thereto belonging, to 
be fee to the fergeannt, excepte at any coronation, by overfight of the Countroller. Alle- 
other clothes fo verylye perufed, to be afiigned, fometo the awmcrye ; to the fci^jyliorye ;- 
to the faucerye ; to the confectionary; and the picher-houfe •, to wipe and kcepe cuppes ^ 
to the fnrgeounes find others, by the countroller's dilcreffion. This fergeannt hathe the olde 
cofFfrs, gardevyaundcs, and clothe fackes, when they be fully perufed, to his fce^ but he 
flial! pvefume to take noethinge by his cwne anttorytie, tyll the CountroUers have feene them 
foe greatlye defe£lifFe, that chey may noe longer he amencled nor ferve for honeflye and 
furetie of the Kiiige's fiutfe; and alle fuche thinges foe delyvcryd ro be marked in the Coun- 
troUers memoranda. In Kinge Henrye the Thirdc his dayes, there was a greite conten- 
tion betwext this ferjeaunte and almoner, tor lodginge of garners in the places of bifshoppes 
palaces, abbeyes, and [n-youryes, which oftyntymes was furil entred by this ferjeaunt, and 
foe Jonge debated, ty'le by bothe allent they befoughc the Kinge, whiehe of them before- 
his prefonce proved hymfelfe the biggeft man, and more defenliible, might poflede the 
garners in alle fuche places for ever, for the lodginges of his office, and to hive fulle 
judgement by the Ki^ge; to make delyreraunces ot oates accuftomed to diverfe offices; and 
all other graynes therein fanfelye to keepe to the ovv-ners behoove. This conflyfre done, 
the Sergeaunt had the mafterye ; the Jviges all awarded, that he (boulde allweye forthe- 
lodge in that office, and the fii^ne uppon tlie doore to be a fworde : none ufsher to putte 
hym outc. He hathe herbig;ige in the towne, or nygh iii the countrey tor alle the horfes 
of his office, ind carryage coaipetcnt; one fompter-man and horfe for the Kinge's fluffi.% 
founden by the Thefaurer his charge ot houiholde. This office hathe, in ryme of yeare^ 
[yvcrey, one tallwood, or one bufshell of cooles, one candylle waxe, two canJylls peris', one 
g-iUofl ale j andif it neede, more v/oode or coole to dry napery ia lacke of wetheringe, then tc* 

JNl hare 



fT4 LIBER NIGER DOM US R E G IS E D W. IV. 

have by commaundmente of the counting-houfe, what Ihall be neceffarye for him. Hce 
owghte to geve attendaunce when the ufsher of the chambre comm) th for the Kinge to ferve 
hiia for all uyght. One yeoman m this office fcr the Kuige's mouthe, to ferve hym in the 
abfeace of the ferjeaunt, and to ferve the chambre, and faufely to keepe the naperye and 
other (tuffe of the Ewrye, as well the plate as the clothes, to the fmalleft forie, wiih all that 
belongeth thereto ; to beare the chaufyrs with water ; and, in tyme of the yeare, to fee It 
bottc, after the olde cuftome ; and to ht dyligent and obedyent to the preceptes of the ufsher 
of the chambre that occupicth for that tyme. This yeoman or fergeaunt, in the vvyHtcr feafon, 
fliall fette one torche or torches at the chaundery, to ferve the Kinge and his chambre; and 
to beare the lluffe faufelye in and oute of this office; takinge in fuche feafon a lighte of the 
groorae porter of the chambre, for the ewry-bourde. This yeoman eteth in the halle atte 
one niealo ; takinge Vi'ages and clothinge, and other guiftes general), like to the yeoman 'of 
the pantrey. It hache bene accuftomed, that he, or the groome for the mouthe, mofte parte 
kecpe and make awnfwere for alle fuche plate and clothes, and other (luffe, as the Kinge 
and his cliambre is ferved with all. One groome for the Kinge's mov:the, attendaunt uppon 
this offi;e, muche dyligent in faufe and honefte keepinge and applyinge to the Kinge's fluffe, 
and to the fervyce of his able perfone, and uppon his chambre in the ablence of the fer« 
geaunte and yoman abovefaid ; and to helpe to awnf.vere for every greate parcelle and fmallc 
of plate, and clothe of raynes, and workes, and playne clothe, or other lynnya clothes, 
bothe to the poHes and meafnres ; to -beare the chaufyrs with waters, and in feafon, to heatc 
it ; to beare bafins and ewers, and to helpe triilfe and keepe them faufe in carryage and 
othyrs, to wayte uppon it. Thefe yeomen, nor groomes of this office, fliould not be the furfte 
rulers of the King's houlholde to fctte any bafms nor other teffelles at Chriftmafie or Eftyr, 
or anye ether tyme, before the people in the halle, nor in chambre, to begge money thereby 
to theyre rewardcs ; for it goeth agaynfl the honoure of this royalle courte. This groome 
eateth in the halle at the towelle, and in all other rewardes, clothinge, guiftes generall in 
this courte, like to the groomes of the pantrey. Othyr twoe yeomen ewars for the halle, that 
refceyveth of the fergoaunte all naperyes, bafins, ewers, chauffyrs, cofryrs, clothe-fackes 
neceffarye guardevyaundes for the halle. One of thefe yeomen have a fpecyall charge to 
refceyve all manner of napery under the fergeaunte, faufely to keepe and marke it, and 
awnfwere thereto, and to ferve offices and chaumbyrs, and to gader them togeder, and to 
make the chaunges. And thefe attende fpecyallye to the affignementes of the Marlballes; 
they owghte faufely to keepe the Kinge's goodes, and to awnfwere thereto when theye' be 
oppofed by the counting-houfe. If the ufshers of the chambre calle any ewers for any other 
ftraungers fitting oute of the halle into any other place within courte, thefe yeomen, or the 
groomes, mufte quycklye attende. If any clothes, or other, be lent out by them extraordi- 
narye, they to fetche it home agayne, or fende atte theyre perilie. They eate in the haile, 
at one of the meales, by affent, with yeomen; takinge wages and clothinge in houffiolde like 
the yeomen of the pantrey. Other twoe groomes in this office for the halle, to bruyfi.he the 
bourdes cleane; to covyr them ; to ferve them of Water; to be attendaunte to the preceptes 
of the Marfhalles or ufshers, for the honoure of this houfe, and obedyente to them that 
be above them in the office for the Kinge; to truffe in fauffeguard togeder; to keepe it 
clenely and wayte on the carryage. Theye eate in the halle atte the towell at one of the 
meates, bv theyre owne affent, after as theyre bufineffe dothe require; takinge clothinge, 
rewardes, and guiftes, like to the groomes of the pantrey. One page of this office to ferve 
the office, and to fulfyll it in nede of the other officers, to be chofcn perfonablc youngc 
men, of goode and trewe conditiones ; to attend and keepe faufely this office; to learne to 
excufe the higher officers; and to fetche in lyvereys, woode, and coole, Utter and rufshes; 
to keepe the office cleaaely ; to truflc the ftuffe to carryage, and wayte uppon and faufely 
7 to 



L I B E R N r G E R D O M U S P. E G I S E D W. IV. S5 

to guyde it; and to be under obedyence and corredVion reafonahle, of them shove in this 
office for the Kinge. They rake clothinge and rewardes in a!le thinges, as doe the pages of 
the pantrey. The table clothes and towelles flioulde be chaunged twyes every weeke at the 
lefte; more if neede require. 

OFFICE OF LAVENDREY, two yeomen ; whereof one more fpecyally ftialle fetche, 
or refceyve by taylle, and faufely to keepe, and tenderly to wayfshe and preferve dyligentlye 
the ftuflfe for the Kinge's propyr perfone; of the warderobes of beddes and robes, ewrey, 
and all other offices in the houfholde that miiiiftcr fuche napery or Ivnnyn clothe for the 
Kinge's ufe; and trulye to delyver fuche fluffe agayne to everye office by tayle as he 
receivethe, or by markesj and that noe ftraungers fette none handes uppon it. That 
other yeoman fliall, with a groome or page, fetche and refceyve of the officers of ewrey alle 
fortes of naperye, table-clothes, longe towelles, (hort napkins, and other foyled iynnyn 
clothes, by taylles and markes, and of all other offices the Kinge's ftufTe foyled, as all the fur- 
plyces of fingers of chapelles, and awbes, and amittes, foyled, from the veftyarye ; the 
neck-towelles of the pantrey, ewerye, confeflionarye, courters, hangers, liggers, and all 
that is the Kinge's (luffe ; and truelye to deliver it agayne, uppon payne of makinge goode 
therefore, and for the lefle pieces thereof. This yeoman (halle fette at the greate fpy- 
cerye as muche whyte foape, greye, and blacke, as can be thought tefonable by proufe 
of the Countrollers ; of the whiche foape the feyde clerke fpicer fhalle take allowaunce 
in his dayly dockette, by the recorde of the feide yeoman lavender. Alfoe they have by 
petition, allowed in the rolle of the greate fpicerye for theire greate bafins for vates, and 
ayfshes bought for the ufe of the houfholde, if neede be; but the cuftome is, that they 
flialle have ayfshes-clothcs of the feyd fpycery to fetche ayfshes in them from every 
manncs chambres and kychyns within this courte. They have carryage for theyre com- 
petent' beddes, and for the Kinge's fluffe, by the countrollement, in the carryage of the 
office of Ewerye. This yeoman eareth in the halle with yeomen of houlhoU^e ; but in tymes 
of theyre greete bufyneffe, then theye and theyre twoe groomes and one page, take in 
eatinge dayes amongeft them in all vi loves, iiii meffe of kychyn, iii gallons ale ; woode,. 
coole, candylles, in feafon more or lefle, after theyre difcreffion in the counring-hoiife ; and 
foe to be breved by the ufsher of the halle; in likewife other whyles for diyinge of the 
Kinge's ftufff ; they take clothinge, wages, and other fortunes of this courte, and herbigagc, 
as other yeomen of houfholde. Other twoe groomes in this office, whereof that one ■ 
is more attendaunte for the Kinge's proper ftuffe, in the abfence and prelence of the 
chief yeoman, as it is aforefaid, to helpe hym thoroughlye : that other groome to helpe 
to fulfyll the roome and abfence of the houfliolde yeoman. Notwithftandinge all the yeomen 
and groomes for the perfone, as everyche in othyrs abfence, and in diftrefle, are bounden to 
fuUfyllc others fervice as much as may be, of nobles of this courte. Thefe groomes fetche,. 
beare, wayfshe, and brynge home, the ftuffe of this courte longinge to the Kinge -, and trufle 
harnefle and ayfshes, when it fhalle neede, to the carryage and the office, Thefe groomes,, 
if they be not in byfynefle of theyre office, than they fitte at meales in the halle at the 
towell, and take rewardes and clothinge, and other duties general), like other groomes of 
houfholde. And if there be a Queene in houffiolde, then there be weomen lavendryes for 
the chambre, warderobe, &c. Thefe officers owghte to bee fworne to keepe the chambre- 
counfaylle. 



Ma TABU L A. 



ABU 



A. 



Domus Regis Magni, 


Pi^ge 15 


Domus Regis Salamonis, 


16 


Domus Regis Lud, 


17 


Domus Regis CafTibellan, 


ibid. 


Domus Regis Haideknoutc, 


i8 


Domus Reikis Hmrici Primi, 


ibid. 


Domus Regis Edwardi Tertii, 


ibid. 


Domus Regis Magnificeucie, 


19 


'J'he Kynge, 


22 


Domus Regis Anglie, 


ibid. 


The Kynges Cliambyr, 


23 


A Queue, 


ibid. 


A i'rince, 


24 


A 1 uke, 


25 


A INdarques, 


2b 


A Counte, 


27 


A Bilshop ConfelTour, 


29 


Chauncelior ot Euglond, 


ibid. 


Grete Chaumbyrlayne of Englond, 


ibid. 


Chief Juge of the Comyn I'iace, 


ibid. 


A Vifcounr, 


30 


A Ikiron, 


31 


A Chamberlayn for ihe King 


ibid. 


Bannerettes, 


32 


Knyghtes of Houfehold, 


33 


A Secretarye, 


B5 


Chapleyues, 


ibid. 


Efquiers foi' the Body, 


. 36 


A Sewar for the Kynge, 


ibid. 


A Survey our for the Kyug, 


37 


VVarderober, 


ibid. 


Gcntylinen Ufshers of the Chaumbre, 


ibid. 


Yeomen of the Crowne, 


38 


Yeomen of the Chambre, 


39 


Office of Warderobc of Robes, 


ibid. 


Office of Warderobe of Bcddcs, 


40 


Gronies of Chambyr, 


41 


Pages of Chumbre, 


ibid. 


The Office of Jewell-I'oufe, 


42 


Dcftoure of Phyfyquc, 


ibid. 


Ivlaifl)r Surgeoun, 


43 


Potycary, 


4 


Barbour, 


ibid. 


Hcnxraen, 


ibid. 



Maiflyr of Henxmen, 

Squyers of Houfliolde, 

Kinges of Armes, Heraulds, and Pur- 
feu antes, 

Sergeauntes of Ariaes, 

Mynftrelles, 

A Wayte, 

MelTengers, 

Deane of Chapell, 

Chapleynes and Clerkes of the Chapell, 

Yomen of the Chapell, 

Children of the Chapell, 

Clerke of the Clofette, 

Maiftyr of Gramer, 

Office of Vefliary, 

Clerke of the Crowne, 

Clerke of the Markette, 

Clerke of the Workes, 

At the VVardes Marry ages, 

Domus Providencie, 

Styward of Houlhol.de, 

Thefaurere of Houffiolde, 

*' Juramentum Thefaurarii, 

Countroller, 

" Juramentum Contrarotulator*, 

Cofferer, 

Clerkys of Grene Clothe, 

Clerke of Controulment, * 

Domus Compotis Confilii et Judicii, 

The Offyce of Countyng-Houfe, 

Office of Bakehoufe 

Office of Panetry, 

Office of Wa feres, 

OiBce of Butler of Englond, 

Office of Purveyours of Wyne, 

Office of tlie Sellar, 

Office of Butlar\e of Ale, 

Office of Pychcr-houfe, and Cup-houfe, 

( ffice of Ale-takers, 

Office of Create Spyceryc, 

Office of ConiecTtionarye, 

(Office of Chaundlcrye, 

Office of Evvary and Napery, 

Oi£ce of Laveudrey, 



Page 45 
ibid. 



} 



47 

ibid. 

. 4^ 
ibid. 

ibid. 

49 

50 
ibid, 
ibid. 

. 51 
ibid. 

52 

. .-53 
ibid. 

ibid. 
54 

55 
ibid. 

56 
57 
58 

59 

eo 

ibid. 
62 

63 

64 

68 
70 

72 

73 

74 

75 

77 

78 

79 

79 
Hi 

82 

^3 
^3 



ORDINANCES 



ORDINANCES FOR THE HOUSEHOLD 



O F 



GEORGE DUKE OF CLARENCE, 



made the 9'^ of December, 8 Edw. IV, 



A.D. 1469. 



V 



From a Copy in the Library of the Society of Antiquaries. 



M 3 



50 ORDINANCES OF THJ? HOUSEHOLD 

preferred therein, if ihey be needy ; except fuche dyfshes as fhall be fent from the feid 
Duke to flraungers, or others of his houfe, at his pleafurej and that the feid Almoner, or the 
yoman or groome of the fame office, fee that every twoc perfones be ferved oute of the 
pantrey with a cheete h)ofe : viii perfons with a gallon of ale oure of the buttrey, fufficyauntlye 
rewarded, as it fhalle neede; and a mefle of mete fuffycyently fylled from the kychyn for 
fower perfons; and that the feid officer take uppe the releif, bothe of mete, breade, and 
drinke, as well in the chambre as the halle; and it diligentlye keepe from devouringe of 
dog^es ; and it tralye to diihybute at the gate, to poore people, fower or five da)es in rhc 
weeke, by his difcreffion; and if any p::rfon withdrawe the feid releif contrary to the 
ordynaunce afore rcherfed, to be punyfshed accorJinglye. 

ITEM, That none officer of the feid houfholde dyne nor foupe in his office, ne fuffer any 
other perfone fo to doe, onlcfTe then it be by commaundment of any of the heede officers, 
for caufe refonable; upon [rayne of lefinge of twoe dayes wages. 

ITEM, It is appoynted, that everye of the feid Duke's meueall fervauntes have fitringe in 
the halle certeyne perlones; the Chainbyrlayne five, the Steward fower, the Treforcr with 
his clerke fower, the CountroUer with i)is clerke three-, the kervers and raailicr of the horfes, 
every of them twoe, and every other gentylman one-, and every twoe yomen one; and t!ie 
names of thefe perfones to be brought into the counting-houfe, to the inrente the marfhalle 
and ufshers may fette them, and entreate thereafter; and that the fame perfones attend to 
ferve, as well the later meate and fouper as the furde; provided alvveyc, that flraungers be 
favoured and preferred in fittinge afore all other Chambyrlaynes, after theyrc degree. 

ITEM, It is appoynted, that the ufsher of the chambre ffiaile warne, to ferve weekcly 
the feid Duke one after another of the fquyerf, to kerve, beare his cuppe, and fewe in the 
abfence of thefe that beth appoynted; and if any of theym difobeye, to leefe twoe dayes 
tv-ages; and if the ufsher conceale it, he to renne in like peyne. 

ITEM, It is ordeigned, that every of the fe\de Duke's fervauntes be redye to doe fervice 
bothe atte dynner and fouper, arte the warnir.ge of the Marfhalle, or the ufshers ; iippou 
peyne of leefinge two dayes wages : and if the Marftialle or ufshers conceale they re difobey- 
faunce, to renne in the lame pe\ne. 

ITEM, It is ordeigned, that the ufsher of the chambre fhalle fette lyvcrey for alle night 
for the feid Duke, by vii or viii of the clocke at the terthell, onlcffe then there be caule to 
the tontrarye; to the entente, that the honfes of office and the gate maye be fparred in due 
lyme ; and that noe lyverey be made after that tiie Duke is ferved for ailc nyght, or any 
other tyme entre into any of tlu; offices, but receive it at the doore; uppon payne of lofmge a 
dayes wages. 

ITEM^ That the groome porter fetche noe woode, white Tghres, ne wax. more then 
refop.ably ou^^ht to be fpent, and that by overfight of the ulsher ot the chamore; and that 
he delyver noe torche ne tortcyes of the place withoute commaundmente of the hedde officers 
or ufshers; and that he brtnge davly the torches and torteyes afore noone to the chaundry co 
be vveyed : and as often as he offendeth thereof, to leefe a dayes wages. 

ITEM, That no mannere" man, of what degree foever he be, breake noe doores ne 
windaweE, ne picke iockes, by nyght ne by daye, of any houfe of office, v.'herem the feid 

Dukc'a 



OF GEORGE DUKE OF CLARENCE. 91 

Duke's goodes lletb, withoute it be by comraaundment-e of the offices-, uppon payne of lefinge 
of a monethes wages. 

ITEM, That the Stewards Treforer, and Conntroller, take fuche lyverey towardes theym'- 
felfes as they maye geve goode enfample to the courte; and that lordes, knightes, the 
chaunceler, almoner, chapleynes, kervers, cupberers, and fewers, the fecretarye, have fuche 
lyverey as fhall be affigned thaym in the counting-h jufe ; and that everye twoe gentylracn 
have for theyre lyverey, by the nighte, from All-hallowtide tyll Goode-Friday, two fhides of 
woode, three white lightes, halfe a lofe of breade, halfe a gallon ale; and from Good- 
Fridaye tyll Allhallowen-iide, breade and ale onelye ; and that noc mannys fervaunte take 
any woode withoute delyveraunce of the ufshers: uppon peyne to his maifter to Icefc a dayes 
wages as ofte as he foe doeth. 

ITEM, That noe lyvereys of bredc, wync, ale, or vytell, be made oute of the halie to 
the (table, ne to none other office ne place, withoute caufe reafonable; and alioe by the 
overfight and commaundmente of the hedde officers and the minifters, for the tyme beinge. 

I ITEM, It is ftraltely appoynted, that noe man of the feid Duke's courte take uppon 
hym to playe any manner of game at the dice, cardes, or any other haflard, for money; 
except the xii dayes in Criftmaffc, upon payne of lefinge of his fervice, and efchewinge my 
Lorde's indignation and difpleafure; and in likewife ufuall fwearers of God, and his mofte 
reverente membres, to flonde in fourme aforefaide. 

ITEM, It is appoynted, that the Chaunceler, beinge oute of the feid Duke's courte in 
meffage by commaundment, have by the daye and nighte as my Lorde Ihalle affigne : ia 
like wife the Treforer, the Countroller, and either of the kervers, and all other of his coun- 
cell ; and that everye other gentilman with twoe horfes xxd. ; and everye yeoman with 
twoe horfes xvid. ; and if he ride with one horfe viiid. ; and everye groome or page with 
one horfe viiid., by the daye and night; and every man or childe a foote iiiid. v and 
this to palTe as the number of dayes by the overfight and allowaunce of the Countroller for 
the tyme beinge; underftondinge alwey, that the parties that fiiall be foe allowed be oute of 
wages in the chekker-roUe for that tyme. 

ITEM, It is appointed that the gentylman-ufshers, and in iheire abfence the yomaa 
ufshers of the chambre, the Marlhalles, and in theyre abfence the ufshers of the halle, 
dayly at everye mete and fouper, make recordes of brede, wyne, and ale, as it is fpentej 
and alfoe of the meffes; and that they the fame recordes bringe dailye into the counting. 
houfe, uppon payne of lefinge a dayes wages atte everye defaute ; and alfoe that the 
Marfiialle or ufsher for the tyme being dailye be at the accomptes in tlw counting-hbufe, 
and awnfwere to the recordes made towchinge the pantrey and butlers ; and that none of 
the feide ufshers ne Marlhalle take any fee of any thinge that is pourveyed or ordeigaed 
wherefoever the feide Duke be. 

ITEM, It is appoynted that there be in the bakehoufe a yeoman, a groome, and a page; 
and that they bake daily, for the feid Duke and his bourde, payne-mayneys at every fecond 
daye, manchete brede and rounde brede for houfiiolde, proportionably to the numbyr of 
the fame; and that they make of every bufshell of whete xxx lofes, weyinge to the ovyn xxx 
ounces, and well baken xxviii ounces of goode pafte ; and halfe that weight for fmall 
breade for lyvereyes ; takinge alweye twoe payne-maynss, and twoe manchettes, for a lofe; 

N and 



92 ORDINANCES OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

and that they be ready to bake brede for horfes and houndes, the branae alweye referred to 
the ufe of the faid Duke ; alfoe, that the feid brede be wayed in the counting-houfe, as 
ofte as it (hall be nedeful ; and if the weights or the parte hz not fufficiaunte, then the 
trefpaflbures to be punifshed after theire defertes. 

ITEM, It is ordeigned and appoynted, that all provifions of vvyne be made by the feid 
Treforer, CountroUour, and Gierke of kichyn, for the tyme beinge, or twoe of thera ac 
the lefte, or iheyre clerkes in theire abfence, cailinge to theyra fiich a butler as they fballe 
thinke raofl:e expedyent, to th'entente that it be goode wynes, trulye gaugedc, and in 
places convenientlye fellered, by theire advifes; and the fame to be delivered and fpent 
accordinge to the ordoure of houlholde; and that noe boteler take any fees of wyne or pipes, 
but by the overlight and agreement of the hedde officers ; and that the houfes of officers 
be furnyfshed fufficiauntlye of the feid pipes; and he doinge the contrarye hereto to leefe 
the double value. 

ITEM, It is appoynted that none of the botelers of ale take upon theym to make any 
priles of ale withoute the Treforer, Countrdller, the Gierke of kychyn, or theire clerkes"; 
but within fower d.iyes after theire comynge, the brewers to be brought into the counting- 
houfe byfore the officers, and there to appoint fuche as fhall ferve, and the price ; and he 
faylioge hereof to loofe a weeke's wages. 

ITEM, It is appoynted that the porters waite and attend dilygendve arte the gate; and 
atte the lefte one of them to be there, and fee that noe vitaills, filver plate, pewter vefTells,. 
ne none other llufFe of the feide houQiolde, be enbefelled oute; and that they fparre 
the gates afore tenne of the clocke, and open them atte five in the fommer; and in the 
wynter, fparre the gates atte nine, and open them ac feaven, onleffe then they have other 
coramaundraente. 

ITEM, It is ordeigned that the yeoman ufsher of the larder truely and fadly keepe his 
keyes, and make trevve recordes of that he receiveth into the kychyn or larder of all 
viteilers, as well as bochourres and caterours, and that it be ta\iled after hand; alfo that the 
pages, ne children of the chapelle, be lodged oute of the houfe, but within; that they may 
have overlighte and governaunce of them, upon peyne, &c. 

ITEiVI, It is appointed and ordeigned, that none officers of the feid houfholde take any 
fees in theire offices, butte fuche as fliall be appointed by the great officer j^ upon peyne ta 
forfeite the value treble of that he lo taketh. 

ITEM, It is appointed that alle fache rewardes as fhall be geven be departed accordinge 
to theire degrees, in the chambre or offices conveniente, conceivinge alwey that the botery 
and plcher-houfe is one office; the kychen and larder in like wife; and that the clerke of 
the clofette be participant with the yeoman of chambre ; and if revv'ardes or geftes be geven 
to alle the officers of the houiliolde generally, that it be departed by the difcreffiounes of the 
Clerke of kychen and the Marflialle of the halle for the tyme beinge, accordinge to the olde 
rule of houfliolde; provided alwey, that every perfon beinge abfent in the feid Duke's 
meflages by commaundmente have his part of the faid like as if he were prefent ; and that 
the clerkes at wages certein, unchekked, to have a yeoman and groorae's parte. 

1TEM> 



OF GEORGE DUKE OF CLARENCE. 95 

ITEM, That noe perfon of the courte, of what degree or condition lie be, leve 
bchynd hyra, whan he departeth oute of the courte, neither man, childe, horfe, greyhoundes, 
ne other houndes, to the feid Duke's charge, uppon peyne of lofinge a weeke's wages. 

ITEM, It is appointed and ordeigned, that the Countroller, the Gierke, the Treforer 
Clerk, the Countroller Clerk, or twoe of them, be everye day at the dreflbure, vvhen 
the feid Duke's charabre, or his halie, fhall be ferved; and there enter in either of theire 
bookes the fervice goinge oute, everye parcelle thereof a parte ; that is to faye, pieces of 
beefe and moton, and ail other acates ; and in fifshe dayes, that they fee the falre-fiflie 
flrycken, and entyr the prices thereof, the contentes of all other acates, in either of 
theire bookes; and to be atte the dreflbure at the fervinge of the fame, and enter the fervife 
and everye parcelle thereof; and fee the remaines hadde into the lardre, and the lardener 
to be charged with it; and everye tyme that the clerkes fayle hereof, to loofe xiid. 

ITEM, It is appointed and ordeigned, that the officers aforenamed Iballe every Mondaye 
take the remanentes in every office, and incontinent after to c;il!e afore them the officers 
of the feid houfliolde, and the roUes of the pantrey, kychen, fpicery, and (hble, as well 
the expenfcs thereof as houfholde wages; and to fee dailey brefmentes, where they be 
iiccordinge to the expenfes mad 2 the weeke afore by the docketce, whereby (ball be per- 
ceived if there be any defaute in any office, that it be redrelTed and refourmed, and the 
trefpaffbur punifshed by the difcreflion of the officers; and if any of the clerkes fayle in 
that to them belongeth, to leefe iis. at every defaute. 

ITEM, It is appointed that none of the feid courte, of what degree or condition he be, 
do carrye noe ftuffi: ne'harneffe, but in clothe-lackes, males, fardellcs, or trunkes, uppou 
peyne, &c. 

ITEM, That none officer truffie theyre ovvne harnefTe with the feid Duke's ITuffe in any 
gardcvyaundes, coffyrs, or uppou the fompcers charginge of theyme, or other carriage, 
upon peyne, &c. 

ITEM, That if the feid Duke lye at London, or any other place, at the parliaraente 
or counfell, or whenfoever he fliaile occuple his barge, that every of his fervauntes, ex- 
cepte fuche as be appoynted to abide, attende, and waite diligentlye uppon the feide Duke ; 
and alfoe in alle other places; that they attende uppon the feid Duke to raaffe and evca- 
fong; uppon peyne of a dayes wages. 



ITEM, That everye officer be feithfull and diligent, and attende in his office, accordino-e 
to his duetie, and obeifaunt to the hedde officers, curteous and familier to llraungers, for the 
Duke's honoure-, and if any do contrarye, that his defaute be reherfcd to hym in the countin^- 
houie, by the difcreffion of them to be corrected, 

ITEM, That every accountable officer; that is to faye, the bakers, panters, butlers of 
wyne and ale, the clerkes of the fpiceiye, the lardener, the fquiller, the ufsher of the halle, 
and the clerke of the ftablc, attende everye Mondaye, to the tnkinge of the remanentes in 
the're offices ; and the faine dayc to fee the provifion made b:;tnrc; and thereupon to under- 
llande and knowe theire allowaunce uppon the fiune, as they walk avvnfvvere. 

N 2 ITEM, 



94 ORDINANCES OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

ITEM, It is appoynted that the herbergoures for the tyme beinge fliall make herbergnge 
to everye eftate, and other perfons of the courte, that, after theire eftate and degrees, they 
have lodginge nexte to my lord, as theyre offices and attendaunces require. And that 
noe man of the feid courte prefume to diOodge any man, 'or take any loilginge, other then 
Ihall be appoynted by the feid herbergoures; atid if cafe be that any of the feid company 
be lodged, yett for refonable caufes and confiderations to remove hym, and otherwife lodge 
hym, as the cafe fliall require. Ahvay forfeen that in the town adjoyning to my lorde's 
lodginge be referved and ivcpt reafonable lodging for flraungers, and fuche as flialle-reforte 
to the feide Duke •, and if any man prefume to do or offend contrarye to this ordinaunce-, to 
be punifshed, for the furft offence to leefe a raonethe's wages ; the fecond tyme to be em- 
prifoned ; the third tyme to be putte oute of the courte. 

ITEM, It is ordelgQcd that the Steward, the Treforer, the Countroller, the clerke of 
kichyn, the raarfhalle, the ufsher, pantrers, butlers, cookes, lardcners, catourers, and 
fuche other officers, at twoe of the clocke at aftyrnoone, affemble in the halle, and there 
ordeigne the fare of the feide Duke and his houfchold, for the fouper the fame nighte, and 
the next daye's dynner ; and the marflialle or ufsher to bringe brede, wine, and ale, to the 
feid ordinaunce, accordinge to olde cultome of the courte. 

ITEM, That the feid head officers, to whorae the power and au6loritie in thefe premiffes 
be committed, doe theire effeftuall devoire and diligence in executing the ordinaunces afore 
reherfed-, and if it paufe in theire defauke, then they to paye for the feid Duke's expenfes 
in houfeholde duringe one daye. 

ITEM, That all fuche perfons as fhalle attend aboute the faid Duke be in a chekker 
rolle in the kepinge of the clerke of the averye ; and that every fquyer of houfliolde have 
viid". ob. every daye that he waiteth in the courte; every yeoman iiiid. every groome iid*. 
every page fuche wages as fhalle pleafe the feid Duke; and the feid wages to be payed 
quarterly in the counting-houfe ; and once clothinge ; and alfo rewardes to fuche as be 
mofte diligent, honorable, and profitable; v/ith fuche preferment as accordeth to theire 
defertes. 

ITEM, That all fuche perfons as fhalle entend aboute the Ducheffc be at wages in cer- 
taine by the ^eare, and paied quarterly, as it is aforefeid ; beinge in a rolle in the kepinge of 
the clerke of the kichyn, or elles the clerk of the flable. 

ITEM, It is appoynted that all ladyes, gentylvvomen, and chamberers, attending up- 
pon the feid Ducheffc, take fuche fees, rewardes, and clotlvinge, as fhalle pleale the 
DuchefTe. 



Ihe 



OF GEORGE DUKE OF CLARENCE. 



The assessing of Fees as followeth in all the Offices of the Honourable Hous- 
HOLD OF the Excellent Prince the Duke of Claraunce. 

The Bakehoufe. 



The Pantrie. 

ITEM, The loves of trenchours to be kutte as large as the loofe wolle geve; and that 
no loofe be paired, excepte for my lorde and his boarde, all other looves to be chipped : 
and noe fees to be taken in that office, fave only chippinges and kuttinges of the looves of 
trenchours. 

The Cellare- 

ITEM, Noe fees to be taken until! the offices be furnifshed of emptjr pipes, hogges-' 
heddes, fattes, roundelettes; the remanent to be feable. Alfo, as for broken wyne and lyes, 
»one to be had but by the overfight of the hedde officers, or two of them. 

The Buttery and Picher-houfe. 



The Spicerye. 

ITEM, No fee to be bad, except empty pottes of greae gynger, bagges, bookes of 
chareguynfes, boxes of comfettcs. 

The Kechin, Larder, Sething-place, and Scalding-houfe. 

ITEM, No fees to be had of greate comynge of the lede, till my lorde and his houffiolde 
be fufficiently ferved, for fryinge, and for the unflure of the charlottes and cartes, as it 
Ihall be needefuU, by the overfight of the clerk of the averye ; the remanent to be feable. 
Alfo, as for the raunge that comyth of rofted meate, to be feable. Alfo, as for the cragges 
of veele and raoton, and the hyndre fliankes of the mutton, with the rumpe, by overfight, 
to be feable. Alfo the garbage of all manner of fowles, tame and wild, my lord ferved, 
to be feable. As for empty barrells of herringes, fait falmon, ilorgeon, fait eles and 
oyle, to be feeable. AUb the feathers of the wilde fowle and tame, to be feeable; that 
all connyes fliynnes that comyth of prefentes, and of my lordes warraunts and warrennys, 
to be feeable in the kechin, and none other. Alfo the panyers of fea-fifshe to be feeable ; 
and theis fees to be divided to the yoman gioomes and pages. 

TI1& 



pS ORDINANCES OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

The ScuUerye and Sawcerye. 

iTKM, No fee to be had except garbages of fwannes, the chaundron made fuffi- 
clenilye. 

The Halle. 



The Ewerye and Chaundrey. 



The Porters. 

ITEM, Noe (cc to be had of houfliolderaan^ ne fermoune committed to wardes by my 
lordes commaundmentc. 

The Bocherye. 

ITEM, No fee of the oxe, more than barely the hedJe, the ftecklnge-piece, the gol- 
lette, leaving the chyne fufficientlye flefshed and whoole, with one joiiite of the tayle; and 
that he bringe at aile fealbns of the>yeare the tonge of every oxe; and from All-hallovven- 
tide to Shrove-tide, the tripes and the feete ; and every fheepe to be brought in whoole, 
except the hedde and the henge, whiche is fee; and from AU-halowentide till Shrovetide, 
of the flieepe, every Mondaye and Wednefdaye. And as for calves, porkes, and lambes, 
to be brought hi whoole v.-ichoute fee, all feafons of the yeare. 

The Gierke of Kichln. 
ITEM, No fee, faving the calves ikynnes and the lambes fkynnes. 



iiifi 



OF GEORGE DUKE OF CLARENCE. ^j 



The Appointementes, Rewles, and Ordinaunces for the Stable. 

FURST, To have viil courfei's for his fadelle, and to them iiii keepers, with theyre 
hakneyes to them affigned, whiche they fhalle awnfvvere. 

ITEM, ii palfreys hamblinge, and to them one keeper, with his hakney. 

ITEM, A maile horfe and a botell horfe, whiche the feid maile-man {hall keepe. 

ITEM, iiii fon:ipters, and to them ii keepers, with ii hackneyes and noe moe; becaufe 
grooraes and pages of the chambre (halle helpe them in tyme of journayinge. 

ITEM, A catarie horfe, the whiche the groome catourer (halle keepe. 

ITEM, vii charlotte horfes, and thereto a yeoman and a groome; thaire lyverey by the 
daye fufficiaunte iii buHielles, and the rewardes when they travayle; the charicoures hakney 
in the fame, whiche (halle not exceede in value vis. viiid, 

ITEM, The maiflyre of the horfes — iiii horfes. 

ITEM, The clerke of the averye — ii horfes. 

ITEM, The clerke of the ftable-— ii horfes. 

ITEM, The yeoman of the horfes — ii horfes. 

ITEM, That the maifter of the horfes for all fuche necefTaries as Ihalle longe to the 
feid o(Hce, fue for a warraunte directed to the wardrobere, for fadelles, harnefl'e, horfe- 
houfes, wateringe-bridelles, halters, turnelles, paftrons, furfengles, garthes, and alle fnche 
other; and that they be kept, that noe lolTe, vvafte, ne deftrudtion, be hadde; and that the 
feid maifter maye accompt onys a yeare before the feid Duke or his Chambyrlayne. And 
that the feid maifter ne the yeoman take no fees, withoute the agreement and pleafure 
of the feid Duke. 

ITEM, That the maifter of the horfe fliall have .the entire rule, charge, and goyernaunce 
of the ftable, and of alle the horfes longinge to the faddle, and to the chambre, as he wull 
awnfvvere ; and chat the yeoman of the horfe under hym fee dayly the governaunce of the 
feid horfe, that they be kepce as fuche horfes of value fliuld be; upon his perell. 

ITEM, That as well the feid maifter as the feid clerke of averye, or theire deputies, as 
well in the courte at lyverey as at journay, fee that noe horfe ne hackneye be fett or 
lodged in the ftable or otherwife, at the Duke's cofte, but his own, as it is appoynted. And 
that no man leave his horfe behinde, but that vacac be made, as well of his horfe-mete as 
his wages, and daily certified in the counting-houfe by the clerkes of the averye or ftable ; 
upon theire perelle. 

ITEM, That the feid clerkes monethlye bringe alle manner provifions in the feid office 
made by indenture in the counting-houfe, to the entente that due allowaunce may be hadde 
accordinge to the expenfes, and to make reformations of any thinges mifufed. 

ITEM, That the feid clerke of the averie have the entier rule, under the countroUer of 
chariettes and fompters, for the chambre and houlholde, to be ruled as they ftiulde be; and 
if any of thaire keepers make defawte uppon reafonable warninge, to advoide hym and de- 
pute another in his roome of bettyr will and difpofition. 

ITEM, That the yeoman of the horfes take for his bourde-wages by the weeke xiicf, 
and every groome by the weeke xd. fo that every of them be made vacac and venir, as 
it (halle require. 

4 ITEM) 



9S ORDINANCES OF THE tlO USE HOLD 

ITEM, It is agreed by the faid Duke, that the Steward, Treforer, and Conntrolier, or 
any ii of them, have full power and auiftoritie, by this a6fe and eftablifshmente of all officers 
of houlholde, to direct them accordinge to this ordinaunce; and if any of the feid hculholdc 
d'ifobey, or be founde defective, that the feid gre;fte officers,- or ii of them, warn hym, 
punifshe and remove hym, and other fufficiaunte of connynge and condition, putte in theirc 
lUddes and places. In witnelle hereof to thies prefent eftablifshmentes the feid Duke harh 
feite to his figne manuelle, with his noble pleafure. 

George Duke of Clarence, 

Richard Erie of Warwik and Salifburye. 

John Erie of Shrowefburye. 

Be it knowen and remembred, that the Tewefdaye, the xith daye of the raoneth of July, 
in the tranflation of Seint Benet the Abbot, the ix yere of the raigne of our foveraine 
Lord Kinge Edwarde the Fourthe, in the caftelle of Calais, the feid Duke tooke in mar- 
riage llabell, one of the daughters and heires of the feid Richard erle of ^Varwik -, whiche 
that tyme was prefent there ; and v other knyghtes of the garter, and many other lordes and 
ladies, and wurlhipfull knightes, well accompanied with wife and difcreete efquires, in right 
greate numb\r, to the laude preyfinge of God, and to the honoure and wurfhip of the world : 
and there abode after the daye of the matrimonye fivedayes; and then {hipped into Ing- 
land, leavinge the feid DuchelTe at Caleis aforefeid •, and went hymfelf and the feid Erie 
to the citie of London, and foe forthe northwarde. 

The eftate, rule, and govemaunce of the feid Prince in his ridinge, beinge departed from 

his Handing houfholde 

FURST, the Chamberlayne, and with him ii gentilmen, iii yeomen, and a groome. 
ITEM, ii bachelors knightes, with every of them iiii perlones. 
ITEM, The Chaunceler, with hym iii perfones. 
ITEM, The Aumener, with hym ii perfones. 
ITEM, ii chapleynes and the clerk of the clofette, iii perfones. 

ITEM, The fecretarye, the kervers, the cupberers, and the fewers, every of them ii perfones. 
ITEM, xii efquiers awaiters, and every of them i perfonc. 
ITtlM, ii gentilmen ufshers, and cache of them ii perfones. 
ITEM, ii yeomen ufshers, and cache of them i peifone. 
ITEM, A yoman of the robes, another of beddes, everye, i perfone. 
ITEM, xii yeomen of Chambre, eche ii of them, i perfone. 

ITEM, A groome of the robes, a groome of the warderobc, a groorae porter of woode 
and waxe, a groome for fire and water. 
ITEM, ii pages of the chambre. 
ITEM, A heraude of arraes, and with bym i perfone. 
ITEM, ii fergeaun^es of armes, and cache i perfone. 
ITEM, A meffengcr. 
11 EM, vi truinpettes at the felles, and other tyraes, if they be commaunded. 

The numbre of perfones cxvii ; whereof at wages and clothinge, Iviii. 



Tkb 



or GEOR.G^E-D.UKE OF CLAREN.CEiO |9; 

The Officers of the ridinge houdiold. 

ITEM, The Stewardc or the Tfeforcr, every iiii perfones. 

ITEM, The clcrke of kichyn, and Whh hym ii perfones. 

ITEM, y .henxmen, and one of the feid xii iquyers to be raaltler of tliem, and fee thalre 
role, a'rid V\?ith them i perfone, ' ' "^ ^■''- - 

ITEM, A warderob^r to have the rule, and charge of the greate ftuffe, and to malcc i 
pourveyaunce in that behalfe, haVih^e urlder hym a clerka, a yeoman, and groome for the 
warderobc, a yeoman and gr6omc for the avcrye ; alfo a brodcrcr of Tapecerye, for amend- 
inge of the ArraflTe ; in alle viii perfones. ' ', r ■ 

ITEM, The MarOialle of the.halle, and with hym' i'perfone. 

ITEM, The yeoman uTsher, and the yeoman fewer, eche i perfone, ."; « ; 

ITEM, In the pantrey a yeoman, and a groome, and a page. 

ITEM, In the bakehoufe a yeoman and a groome. ' 

ITEM, In the fellar ii yeomen, one of the bottelles. 

ITEM, In the buttrey and picher-houfe, a yeoman and ii groomes. [ ■; ; . 

ITEM, In the ewerye and chaundrey, ii yeomen and a groome, whereof one cahnyrlge 
furgeon. 

ITEM, In the kichyn and lardare, ii yeomen, ii groomes, and Ii pages, with turnbrochcs 
and laborers. 

ITEM, In the catarye, a yeoma'n and a childe. 

ITEM, In the fquillery and falferie, a yeoman, a groome, and a page. 

ITEM, In the amerie a yeoman. ' ■ - 

ITEM, At the gate a yeoman porter. 

ITEM, The clerk of the averye, and with hym ii perfones. 

ITEM, In the bocherie a yeoman and a groome. 

The numbre of perfones Ixvi, whereof at wages and clorhinge xlvii. 

ITEM, In the (table viii couffers, and to them iiii groomes, having iiii hacknevcs. 

ITEM, A maile horfe, and a bottel horfe, and to them a groome with one horCe. ' 

ITEM, iiii fompters, to them ii groomes and ii hackneyes. M " ^'V 

ITEM, ii hackneyes for my Lorde's faddellc, a groome of ftirrop, with a hack'rieyc. 

ITEM, A fompter of the caterye, and a hackneye wnth a childe. 

ITEM, A hackney for the henxmen's man. 

ITEM, vii charriotte horfes, and one hackneye of the yeoman. 

ITEM, V carre horfes and ii keepers. 

ITEM, iiii horfes of the maifter of the horfe. ' »V 

ITEM, iii horfes of the clerke of the averye. ' r- *'' 

ITEM, ii horfes of the yeoman of the horfe. ^' .^* ", " 

ITEM, A hackney of the ferroure. ' 'iV'^.,'-^ 



f '■'.f ! 



{Of double horfes xxxvili. 
Of hackneyes xii. 
Of yeomen and groomes xv. 

Summe of the whole number of the ridlnge houfholde, iS8 perfones. 



The 



,.;.** 



Ifi* ORDINANCES OF THE ROUSKHOLD 



The ftate, rule, and governaunce of the excellent Princeffe in. the flandlng- 

houftiolde, &c. 

FURST, witli the feid DuchefTe a BaromefTe; with her a gentijwoman, a chajjil»er.er,, a . 
gcmilman, ii yeomen- and a groorae 

ITEM, V gentlewomen, a chamberer, and with them v women feryauntes. 

ITEM, The Charaberlayne, with hym a gentilman, a yeoman, and a g^ropnic, 

ITEM, The Treforer or the Countroller, and with hym iiii perfones. 

]TEM.. The Awmoner and the Chapleyn, eache of them 11 perfones,. 

ITEM, A kerver, a cupbearer, a fewer, eache of them i perfon. 

ITEM, ii gentiimen ufshers, eache of ihem ii perfones. 

ITEM, ii yeomen ufshers, eache of them i pcrfone. 

ITEM, A yeoman of the robes, another of the beddes, every of them I perfon.. 

ITEM, vi yeomen of the chaumbre, eache ii of them i perfon. 

ITEM, iiii groomes of chambre, whereof one groome of the robes, another groome porter^ 
another as Gierke of the ciofette. 

ITEM, ii pages of the chambre for water and other neceflaries. 

ITEM, iiii cfquiers and waiters, and eache of them i perfone. 

ITEM, A clerke of the jewelles, that fliali have the keepinge of all manner plate, aad 
make delyveraunce to the hou-fliolde, and furely receive it agen, and with hym ii perfones* 

ITEM, The clerke of kichin and a under clerke, and with them iii perfones. 

ITEM, In the bakehoufe a yeoman and ii groomes, whereof one to pourvey. 

ITEM, In the pantrcy, a yeoman, groomcj and page. 

ITEM, In the feller a yeoman and a page. 

ITEM, In the boterie and pieher-houfe, a yeoman, a groome, and a page. 

ITEM, lathe ewrye and chaundrye, ii yeomen, a groome, and a page. 

ITEM, In the hallc a Marflialle, a yeoman ulsher, a yeoman fewer, and a groome, and' 
with them ii perfones. 

ITEM, In the kechyn and lardare, ii yeomen, ii groomes, ii pages, ii turnbrochcs, &c, 

ITEM, In the bocherie and catarye, a yeoman, a groome, and a page. 

ITEM, In the fquillerie and AUferie, and paftrye, a yeoman, a groome, a page. 

Tl'EM, In the lavandrie, a yeoman, and a page. 

ITEM, In the avarie, a groome and a page. 

ITEM, At the gate, a yeoman and a groome. 

ITEM, A yeoman wafercr for my ladye. 

ITEM, The clerk of the ftable, and with hym i perfone. 

ITEM, The yeoman of my ladycs horfes, i perfon. 

ITEM, vii palfreyes, and to them iii groomes, with iii hakneys. 

I TEM, ii fompters, and to them i groome, with a hakneye. 

ITEM, V courfers for the chaire, and to them iii groomes with iii hakneys. 

ITEM, ii courfers for the litter, and to them i groome, with, one hakuey^ , 

ITEM, A fompter for the catarie with a hakney. 

ITEM, iii paUreyes of tl>e BaroneiTe, and a groome,, with a hakney. 

ITEM, vii chariot horfes, and vii groomes, with a hakney. 

ITEM, ii horfes of the clerkes of the ftable. 



-/ 



ITEM, 



OF GEORGE DUKE OP CLAiLENCEi 



ytoi 



ITEM, ii Iiorfes of the yeoman of the horfe, 
ITEM, A hakney of the groome ferroureSi 

{Offdoubcll horfes, xxxr, 
OfFhaknayes, xl'u 

Off groonres, xii. 

Swmme, Off the hole numbre of the (landing houfholde, cxliiii.pcrfoncs* 



Proportions ma-Oe by R^isoNAfiLE Cstimation FOk the houjhoi/de ^ev a veriv'; 

AS AFTER ENSUVTH. 



Whcate. 



4. s. tf. 
I^'URST, whete by the daye one quarter vi bufshelles ; by' 
the weeke xii quarters iiii bufshelles; by the iTioiicth -50- 
quarters; by the yeare 630 quarters; at the value of vis. by ' ^ 
^eftimation the hole yere, extending to 



Wyne. 



r lTE^t, wyne by the daye vl fextaries; by the weeke xliil 

I fextaries} by the motteth iii ton ix fcxtaries ; by the yere xli I 

J ton, a hoggelliede and ii fcxtaries, ii pipes et dimid. by a. 

' eftymation ; the value of a fextare xxiid. cb. more in ailc in a 

tonne vid. ob. the tonne, with the carryage, at cs. the hole, 

by the yearej 



206 



td I 



g 118/ -^^EM, intyre malvefie, romenay, ofey, badard mufeadelle, 

^ * \ and other fweete wjnes, by the yere, 



} 



20 



Ale. 



Beves. 



Motons, 



Boarcs* 



ITEM, Ale by the daye ii pipes; by the weeke xiiii pipes;"] 
by the moneth Ivi pipes; by the yere 365 tonnes, at 1 tt 4 ( 



the gallon, 120 gallons to the pipe; the carriage xd 
tonne i by eflimation xxvis. viiid. by the whole yere. 



1. the I ^ o i 



lie r 



fITEM, Beves by the daye ii, by the weeke x, by the 
moneth xl, by the yere^ vii weekes rebated for Lent and 
gang dales, 410, price the carcaes, the hide and tallowe 
^^dedufle, by eftimaticn xs. by the yere. 

ITEM, Motons by the daye xii, powdered and frefh ; by ' 
the weeke Ix ; by the moneth 240; by the yere 2700; price 
the cafe, the felle and tallowe deduL^e> xvid. ; the hole by 
the yere. 



22 



180 



f ITEM, Boares from All-hallcw-tide till Shrofetidc 
(^ price the pece riiis. iiiid.; in alle 

O e 



XII 



•} 







8 o .0 
ITEM, 



toz 



ORDINANCES OF X H E : H O U S E H O L D 



r ITEM, Velys by the daye ii, by the "weeke x, bj' the^ 

VeleSt •{ moneth xl, and from Eftyr unto the Fefte of Seint Mighell [ 

(^ccxLj price the pcce iis. vid. by eftimation- J 

ilTEM, Porkes by the daye iiii, by the weeke xx, by the" 
moneth So, from Mighehnas unto Shrofe-tide, 420; price iis. 
by eftimation 

Bay-fair, ITEM, Bay-falt 10 wey, price the weye xiiis. iiiid. 

|. . , r ITEM, Linges and fak-fi(he by the weeke Ix, by the' 

fehfifh K motteth 240, by the yere, except Lent, 2700; price by 

^' [eftimation at Iks. the hundrethe 

Sf If fifh f ITEM, Srokfiflie by the weeke xl, by the moneth i6o,1 
■ L^jy the .yere, except Lent, 1600, at xxxs. j 

{ITEM, Salman fait by the weeke vi,' by the moneth xxilii,1 
from Mighelmas unto Lente, by eftimation, iiii barrelles, at I 
xxxs. the barrelle, J 

Sprattes. ITEM, xil cade fprattes for Lente feafon, 

RedHerringcs. ITEM, xii cades of red hsrringes, for the Lent, 

lite Her. I j-p£j^-j \yhite herrlnp;es a lafte, that is to faye, xii barrelles, i 
mges. J D ' J J 'J 



Wl 
rm 



Q 1 f Ch f ITEM, Saltfiflie for Lent, every meele xxiii, by the weeke") 
balte-tyishe. ^240, duringc Leace 84S, at 204 to the hundred, J 

V r Ch J ITEM, Stokfiflie for Lent, by the daye 20, bv the weeke 1 
^^o'^^'^y^^^^l 240, the whole Lent 600, by eftimation, ' ] 

o . f ITEM, Salmons every week 30, the hole 190, whiche cx-\ 

* "^ ' \tendeih to vi barrelles, at 30s. tlic barrelle, j 

Salt eles. ITEM, Salt eles, one barrelle, by eftimation, 

Storgeon. ITEM, Scorgeon a barrelle, price 

Oyle. ITEM, Oyle olif for Lent, xl gallons at xiid". 

Honye. ITEM, Honye all the yere, ii barrelles. 



30 



42 

6 

81 



2 
4 
6 

9 



Acates. 



ITEM, for frefshe acates and deynties, bothe of flefshe and"' 
fifshe, by refonable eftimation by the daye, xxxiiis. iiiid. ; by 
the weeke, vil. xiiis. i;iid.; by the moneth, xlvit. xiiis. iiiid'. ; 
by the yere. 



> 6c8 



s. d. 

o o 

o o 

13 4 

o o 

o o 

o o 

o o 

o o 

o o 

i3 o 

o o 

o o 

6 8 

o o 

o o 

o o 

6 8 
ITEM, 



Waxe. 



Candelles. 



SpiceSii 



Linneii- 
cioihe. 



\ 



OF GEORGE DUKE OF CLARENCE. 



f ITEM, Wax by the daye iiit.; by the weeke xxlt. ; by" 
< the raoneth S^t.j by the yere 1092!. ; price the hundred 1x5. 
(^by the yere, 

ITEM, Whue lightes from AU-hallowentide unto Eftyr, 
by the nyght, iii dozen ; and from Eflyr unto All-hallowen- 
tide, by the night one dozen, at xiid. the dozen 13!., in all 



ITEM, Peper icotb. at xvict. — 6t. 13 s. 4d. 
ITEM, Safron xvitb. at xiiis. iiiid — lol. 13 s. ^d^. 
ITEM, Gvno-er liitb. at xviiid. — 6s. 6d'. 
ITEM, Cloves xiiitb. at lis. vid'. — it. 12s. 6^» 
ITEM, Maces xiiilb. at iis. vid. — it. 12s. 6 d. 
ITEM, Cinamon Ixxxlb. at xviiid".^ — 61. 
ITEM, Greynys iiiitb. at xxd.— 6 s. Sd". 
ITEM, Lone peper iiiitb. at iiis. iiiitt. — 13s. 4d. 
ITEM, Saunaers xxtb. at iiiid'. — 6s. 8ct. 
ITEM, Turnefoyle vilb. at iis — 12s. 
ITEM, Nutmegges vilb. at viii^. — 4s. 
ITEM, Dates 200 lb. at iiiid.— 31. 6s. 8d. 
ITEM, Jardens and Valaunces 33otb. — 4!. 2s. 6jS» 
ITEM, Prunes 5olb. at iid:.— 8s. ^S. 
ITEM, Annes xiitb. at vid. — 6 s. 
JTKM, Licoras xiitb. at id;, ob. — is. 6ct. 
ITEM, Suger i2otb. at xd. — 5!. 
ITEM, Suger 20otb. at vid. — 5!. 
ITEM, Calfyns 300 tb. at iid. — 2!. los. 
ITEM, Gynger verte, 6otb. at xiiiid'. 3!. los. 
ITEM, Chaiequynfes, lotb. the boke, vs. — z\. los. 
ITEM, Comfirtes of diverle colou'-es, at xiid. — 4!. 
ITEM, Raifons and corrants, one barrell, it. 13s. 4d'. 
ITEM, Figges and railons, iiii fortes, at xiiis. iiiid. — 
I. 13 s. 4d. 



\ 



ITEM, Rice 200 lb. at iiid".— i6s. 7iL 



ITEM, Sireynoures 100 yardes at iid'. — I6s. 8d. 

ITEM, Bultes, viii elles at vid. — iiiis. 

ITEM, Bultes, 40 elles at iid. — 8s. ^d:. 

ITEM, Pa pi re, 1 1. 

ITEM, Parchemente, it. 

ITEM, Inke, 6s. 8d. 

HEM, Red wax, 3s. 4d'. 

ITEM, Canvas, 200 elles, at xls. — 4t. 

ITEM, Crefcloth iiii pieces, at xxxiiis. iiiid. — 5 t. 

ITEM, Holland 100 elles, at vid". — 2t. 10s. 

ITEM, Holland 150 elles, at viiid. — ^l 

ITEM, Holland 100 elles, at xvid'.-^6t. 13s. 4^, 

ITEM, Naperie of Devaunt 40 elles, at xvid.— 2t. 13s. 4^ 

ITEM, Naperie of Pirice 5,0 elles, iiis. iiiid. — 8t. 6s. 8d. V 

rrEM, Diapre 50 ellrs at iiiis. vid. — 11 1. 5s. 

ITEM, Towclles 30 elles at xxd. — 41. 3s. 4d. 



t. 

32 



s. 



d. 



9 10 



32 4 o 



72 6 8 



58 15 8 



n 



J«4 



"Sauce. 



White Salte. 



Woodc and 
Code. 



tOR'DlNANCES OF TTIE HOUSEHOi-D 

i ITEM, Napkyns, ii dozen at xliJ. — it. 4s. 

1 1'EM, Napkyns ot Parice, one dozen at xxd'.--rl. 
t^ ITEM, Napkyns, one dozen, at iiis. iiiid".— ii. 

ITEM, Muftard, vinagre, and verges, with herbes, by"^, 
the day xxd. by the weeke ■xis. viiii, 'by rtie '«ion€th 
xlvis. viiitt. by the ycre 

ITEM, White falte for the pantrie, "kccheo, and falfcrie/ 
by the day iii pecks at viid'. the bulhell, by the weAe v 
bufsheiles and one peck, by the moneth ii quarters, 5 
ijbufshelies, by the hole yeerc iii money 

r ITEM, Wood and codes, "ft-om Ali-halowctide unto Edyrjl 
i in bothe by the daye viiis. by the weeke Ivis. by the I 
J moneth xt. iiiis. by five monethes lit.; and as well from 1 
f Edyr unto All-hallowtidc, by the daye vs. viiid. by the weeke '' 
J xxxixs. viiid. by the moneth viil. xviiis. viiiit. by Tiii monethes 
Llvl. ix£. iiiid. in -idl by the ycere 



t. 



^ 



30 6 I 



8 15 i 



106 



9 4 



The Barae 



{ITEM, The charge of the barg 
for nieete and wages for the mai; 
iiiid. foe by refonable eftimation, 



e ever)' daye it is occupied, 

Iter and xvii rowers, xiiiis. 

without reparation 



16 



The Stable. 



266 



7 3 



Wages and 
Fees 



AlnCJ. 



ITEM, In the ftable 69 double horfcs and 24 hackneys, 
in all 93 horfes and hackneys, the which by the daye have 
a lode, by the weeke vii lode, by the moneth xxviii, by the 
yeare 365, at iiiis. the loade, with the carriage, that is in 
money 73!.; alfoe of the fame a lyvercy of otes, Ixix at 
half bufsell 24 at peck, the hoole by the day v quarters, by 
the weeke ^^ quarters, by the moneth 140 quarters, by the 
yeare 1820 quartc,"^ at 2od. the (quarter, in alle as it ap- 
pearcth, f 51 1. 13*^ ii'iiu Item, Litter by the weeke ii lode ; 
by the moneth viii loade; by the yeare 104 loade, at xvid. — 
vih xviiis. viiid'. Item, Shoynge t verve horfe, by the day 
one farthing; by the day xxiiid. farthing ; by the weeke 
xiiis. vid. oB. q. ; by the moneth liiiis. iiid:. ; by the yeare 
XXXV I. vs. iii d. 

^ ITEM, Wages of houfliolde in the chekker rollc dayly,' 
by the daye Ixv s. iiiid. •, by the weeke xxiit. xviis. iiiid. ; 
by the moneth 91 1. 9 s. 4d. •, by the yeare 1099!. i i. 4 d. 1,1261 13 8 
Item, Fees and rewardes of houfliolde, withoute lordes, ladies, 
knightes, and Learned counfaile and others, not within the 

Jeid Chekker Rolle compnfed, 172!. 13s. 4d. 



Fenum* 365 
carriages, A ven* 
^^1420 quarters^ 
littera 106 
carriages, 
ferrour, 
XXXV h vs. iiitt. 



{ 



ITEM, AlmeiTe by the daycxiid. 
by the moneth xxviii 3. ; by the yearfe 



by the weeke vilS. 



■■] 



18 



ITEM, 



OF GEORGE DUKE OF CLARENCES. 

r ITEM, Wages oute of courte for fuche as longeth to the' 
Wages out j chambre, to be examined and allowed by the chambyrlayne, 
of Courte. I and for fuche as longeth to the houfllolde, by the allowance 

^of the couniroUer by a yeare, by rcafonable eflimation 

ITEMj For the Chambyrlayne, hedde officers, knyghtes, 
and ladyes, with other like at the fame lyverey, to the 
numbre of xx perfones, iii clothes ; price the clothe viii t. 

ITEM,, For chapleynes, kervcrs, cupbearers, fewcrs, 
ufshers, and henxmen, ixxv perfones, v clothes; price the 
clothe vi it 

iLong , ITEM, For the cfiappell, fquyers of houihold, and clerkes 

gownes. officers, xxxv perfons, v clothes ; price loos. 

ITEM, For yeomen of the chambre and offices, 1 20 per- 
fones, xvi clothes; price the clothe iiii t. xiii s. iiiid. 

ITEM, Grooms of the chambre, and officers of the (table, 
Ixxy perfones — 10 clothes, price the clothe iiiit. 

ITEM, Pages of offices and children of the kechyn, xiiii 
, perfones — ii clothes, price the clothe 50 s. 



Short 
gownes. 



1. s. d" 

4cf o o 



299 perfonesi* 



' 188 15 4,- 



xli CotheSr- 



{ 



ITEM, For the perfones abovefiild, to the numbre of xxvl 
clothes, at diverfe prices,, after the degrees that they be of S 1 u 

as it is above reherfed. ^ ^ J xxv clothes^ 



Summa 4505 15 io}j!. 






ARTICLES 



ARTICLES ORDAINED BY 



KING HENRY VIL 



FOR TflE REGULATION OF HIS 

H O U S E H O L D. 



^iil Dec* 1494. 



iii w ■ ii wr> iWi*W»i>>»^*<*B>% g J»i» -^ ■ -*-i^ » ■'■• »— ^■■i. 



From A Copy iu the Harleunn Library, N' 64?. FoL 19S — 317, 



[ leg ] 



Articles appointed by the Kinge our Soveraigne Lord Henry the Seventh, 
at his pa^age at westminster, the last day of december, in the ninth yeare 
of his most noble raigne ; which, in most straightest wise, his highness 
charged to bee kept and observed uppon the paine that might ensue. 



FIRST, his Grace ofdeyneth and enadteth. That all knights and efquires for his body", 
at fuch tyme as they be in his courte prefent, give their due attendance upon his High- 
nefs; and that one of the faid efquires bee nightlye at his cup board marking, and ferve 
him for all night; and hee, with others, upon the pallett to lie; upon paine for the firfl: time 
to bee punifhed by the Lord Chamberlaine, or his deputie, as they fliall thinke exp?dieiu; 
and the fecond tyir.e of default, the faid Lord or his deputie to commaund them to ward, 
there to remaine during the King's pleafure; and for the third tyme, to bee difcharged of 
their roomes. And that none of the faid knights or efquires, lyeing on the pallett, fuffer 
their fervaats to come within the King's chamber, with any their array, but onely unto the 
chamber dore, where there fliall bee a page of the chamber readie to receavethe fame, and 
to make readie the faid knights and efquires ; and that uppon paine before fpecified. • 

ITFM, it is ordcyned and eflabllfhed, that everie genileman ufher, or one of them, fliall 
keepe the King's dining-chamber doore, and all other where his Grace is prefent; and one of 
them to bee within the court everie day by eight of the clocke, to keepe the dore wherever 
the King's grace bee, except his privy chamber; and foe to remaine untill his Grac6 bee 
ferved for all night ; and that the ufher foe keeping the dore, fuffer noe ftranger to come in 
without the commandement of the Lord Chamberlaine, or his deputie, or one of the King's 
counceli ; and that the ulher, foe keeping the dore or dores, fuffer none other to keepe the 
fame, but onely a like uflierj and that a gentleman ufher fict for all night, upon paine afore- 
faid. 

ITEM, The King's Grace flraightlle chargeth and commandcth, that everie gentlcm.an 
uflier in hisattendace, fette not, nor fee that there bee fett, wiLhin the Kitig's great chamber, any 
man, perfonne, or perfons, other than thofe that bee appointed to fitt within the fame, with- 
out a fpcci.ill commandement of the Lord Chamberlaine, or his deputie ; and alfoe that the 
faid gentlem.an uflier fee that the faid chamber bee avoided of all other perfons not ap- 
pointed ; and that on paine of loofmg of his roome and fervice during the King's plea- 
fure. 

ITEM, The King would that a gentleman uHier, keeping his chamber dore, fuffer noe 
lord's fervant, fuch as the King's Grace would that fliall fut at his boardes end, to awaite 
"■there, but onely the henchmen, or the fewers of the fame boards end ; on the aforefaid paine. 

ITEM, That the ufhers fuffer noe Lorde's chaplaine, nor others,- to fitte within the 
chamber, but onely the King's chaplain?, fuch as gh'c their atrefiuancc; without commande- 
ment of the Lord Chamberlaine, or- his deputie, upon paiue afdtefaid,:' • ■' 

1' 2 ■ Forasmuch 



no ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KING H E N R Y VII. 

F.^RAs^I^CH as there is now but little knowledge of the fittinge in eftate of the Dukes, 
Earles, and Barons, of this realme of England, in the prefcnce of our foveraigne Lord the 
Kinge, hee being in his citate, hovve he fhould be ferved, and with what perfons of eftate; 
thefe articles heere following bee compiled in manner and fOrme that after followeth, which 
are neceflary to bee had in the remembrance of the King's chamberlalne> and to his ufhers, 
for it appertayneth ta th$- cwoe offices. 

As FOR THE DAY OF EsTATE IN THE HaLL* 

When the Kinge commeth from Evenfonge into his great chamber on the even of the- 
day of eflate, or on the day of eftate if the eftate fhoiild bee had in the great chamber, the 
chamberlain muft wariie the uflier afore evenfonge that the King will take fpice and wine 
in his great chamber in his eftate; then the faid ulher mud purvaye that the Butrlers and 
thofe of the fpicerie bee warned for the voide. Then dial! the gentleman ufher bring 
ihither Efquire, and efpecially the Kinge's fewer to bring the King's fpice-plate, and for 
the King's mother, fonne, or brethren their owne fewers to bringe their owne fpice-plates ; 
and when the ufher commeth to the feller doore, charge a fquire for the body with the 
Kinge's owne cuppe ; and as for all other eftates take the King's owne efquires to beare 
their fpice-plates; and as for the King's mother, fonnes or brethren, efquires of their owne 
to beare their cuppes ; and then take to the uflier a pile of cuppes, the ulher going before 
them, all fitting everie man in order ; and if there bee a Bilhoppe fett his cuppe upper- 
nioft above the pile of cuppes and the fervant of the fdier to beare the pottes with wine, 
and that all thefe aforefaid be ready in continuance when the King commeth from evenfonge. 
Then fnall the Steward and Chambcrlaine come afore the chamber doore, and demaund of 
the Ulher if the fpice and wine bee readie for the King ; then they fhall come into the 
chamber all together, and goe to the cupboard ; then Ihall the ufher take the Kinge's 
fpice-plate and cuppe and lett them ftand above the cupboard, the uiher and fervant of the 
feller Ihail fett the cuppes and wine in the cupboard; and all other fpice-plates to fland 
beneath the cupboard, in order after the eftate bee in degrees. Then the Chamber^ 
laine to fetch three of the greateft eftates, one to take the tovvell, another to take 
tlie fpice-plates, the third to tdke the cuppe; then the Chambcrlaine to goe to the King's 
fpice-plate, and to take the towell and kiffe it and give it to the greatefl eftate, and 
uncover the fpice-plate and give the fewer that bare it to affaye thereof: and then cover it 
againe and take it to the fecond eflate; then command the third eflate to take the 
King's cuppe, and hee to goa to the efquire for the body, and take the cuppe of him, 
and beare it to the cupboard, and lett it be filled and give the affaye; and foe then altogether 
to goe to the Kinge. Then the Chamberlaine to take the cover of the fpice-plate and 
give affaye- to the bearer, and hculd ftill the cover till the King have taken fpice ; then 
;;over it againe ; then hee that beareth the cupp to take the affaye and give the King, 
drink; then cover the cupp againe; then the fpicc-plate and cuppe to bee delivered againe 
JO them that bare it firft, and they to flan.i fliU above the cupboarde till the voide 
bee donne, and the ftates that bare them to ftand agiine in their owne roomes, and take 
fpice and wine. And if the Queene bee in prefence her fpice-plate and cupp alfo to ftand 
above the cupboarde beneath the King's, covered as the King's is;, and fhee to bee ferved of 
her Chamberlaine and of the greateft eflate, like as the Kinge is ferved ; and when fhee hath 
taken fpice and wine, to bee covered againe as the King's is. And for the King's mother, to 
have a Baron to beare her fpice-plate, and a banneret to beare her cuppe; and the eldeft 
brother, belnge heire apparent, in' like wife : the \:ounger brothers to have bachelors for 

their 



FOR THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. in 

their fpice-plafes, and vvorfhipfull efquites for their cupps ; and for the King's mother 
and elder brother, being heir apparent, their fpice-plates to fland againe beneath the 
cupboard, where as they flood before, until the voide be donne, uncovered ; and all 
their fpice-plates to be ferved forthe among other? as well the Bidioppes as the younger 
brethren. And as for ail other dukes and durcheffes, to have tvvoe and twoe a fpice-plate, and 
everie man his cupp ; and if there bee a Biiliop, twoe efquires of his owne to beare his fpice- 
plate, and ferve him of his cupp ; and if he be an Arch-bilhop, two of his owne efquires to 
ferve him, and the Archbiflioppe to ftand on the Kinge's right hand, and the King to make 
him a becke when hee fliall take fpice and wine. And when the voide is donne, then the 
King to goe into his chamber; and all other eftates to goe into their chambers, or where it 
Ihall pleafe them-, then the ulher and fervant of the feller the cupps and potts like as they 
came in, foe to convey them, forthe again, to the offices whereas they fetched them, 
without the fervant of the fpicerie doe meete the fewer at the chamber dore, and 
take the fpice-plates from him j then the fpice that is therein is the fev/ers dutie* 

The Day of Estate in the Great Chamber. 

And if the Kinge keepe his great chamber, if hee have a Bifhoppe with him he^ 
rauft have a meffe above him and another beneath him, and the Bifhoppe to be covered; 
and if there bee a Queene, {he mull fitt alone, and have a meffe beneath her, where it 
pleafeth the Kinge. Lordes and ladies, and none to fitt on the King's right hand, but onely 
the Bi(honpe, and everie eftate to have their owne carver and efquires of their owne 
to ferve them of their cuppes; and if there bee a Queene, her owne fervants to ferve her.. 
And the fewer of the chamber to ferve the Biflioppe, and the board afcer, and the King's 
carver and fewer, and the Queene's to beare their necke towels; and elfe none in the 
King's prefence. In their owne chambers to doe as it pleafeth them. As for the King's 
mother, fonnes, or bretheren, and all other eftates, no fewer or karver to beare within the 
King's courte noe towells. And as for Bifhopps, Dukes, or Earles, they may have their 
mefi'es covered in their own chambers, of their own fervants, foe they bee of the blood 
royall ; and allway the Almoner to take upp the King's board as well meate as cloth : the 
fewer to lay the furnape on the boarde and the uQicr to drawe it and to make the pleits 
before the Kinge and a Baron or Bannerett or Bachelor to ferve the Kinge and Queene of 
water feverally, and other eftates Efquires for to ferve them of water with bafons and ewers, 
fave the Bifliopp's covered. And for the King's mother, fonnes or brethren, efquires of 
their own to ferve them water ; and other eftates, efquires of the King's to ferve them of 
water. The King to make a becke to the Biflioppe when he fliall waftie ; and foe to everie 
eftate that fnteth at his board ; and when everie eftate hath waihed, twoe efquires to take 
upp the board and lay it downe before the Kinge, and then the uflier to kneele downe and 
make cleane the King's ikms ; theii the Bifhoppe and Chaplaines to fay grace ; and 
then twoe yeomen ot the crovvne to take upp the board and fett it afide; and whether 
the King keepe the hall or great chamber, all is one ; fave onely the ftevvard and the 
rnarfliaile doe the Kin^ fervice' in the hall, and the chamberlaine and ufhers doe in the 
chamber. 



Tjii' 



11* ARTICLES ORDAINED BY K IN G HENRY VII. 



The sitting of all Dukes, Eaules, akd Barons. 

The fitting of all Dukes, Eiirles, and Barons fonnes, elder and younger, and for DutchefTes, 
CounteflTes and Baronefl'es, elder daughters and younger, Aich things hathe beene well had 
in ure; and alfoe thereof is an acte in the fame booke. As for the chaplaines fitting in the 
great chamber, it ufed they to fitt in the chamber where the chamberlaine fitteth, hrft the 
confeffor and fecretarie, and then the chaplaines and ufhers : howfoever the board' fett, 
the right hand of the King is the upper end of the board •, and there mud ever fitt the 
Bifnoppe. As for the day the King futeth in eftate, and the Qiieene be there, then 
fitteth noe temporall Lord at his board; it hathe beene fecne that afpirituall Lord hath fatt 
with the Bifhoppe, fuch as did the devine fervice the fame day ■, and whenfoever the King 
fitteth in the hall or in the chamber, hee keepeth none eftate, without, foe bee that there 
fitt a Bifhoppe at his board. As for the voide after raeate, the guife hath been thus; the 
fervant of the fpicerie was wont to bring the fpice-plate to the chamber, and the King's 
fewer to take it of him and bring it into the prefence with all other plates ; and then the 
Lord Chamberlaine to give the fewer the aflay, and that donne to committ it to the eftates. 
And in that feafon the cup-bearer, or in his abfence en eftate affigned by the difcretion of the 
Lord Chamberlaine, to take the cupp for the Kinge and to goe forth with the fpice-plates to 
ferve the Kinge; the fewer, cupbearer, and chamberlaine for the C)ueene, to doe likewife; 
and the fpice by them taken, the plates to be covered againe, and the fewers to take them 
againe, and to goe and (land above the cupboard, and the cupbearer. Knight or Lorde 
afligned for the time, to beare the cupp, to take and fete jt on the cupboard. An efquire 
to bring the Bifliopps fpice-plate, and ere the King take his fpice, he hath ufed to make a 
becke to the Bifhoppe, that he fhould firft take his ; but after the Bilhopp's plate be once 
uncovered, it ought not to bee covered againe, but ferved forthwith, all other at even on a 
fafting. At night, the fewer, as is before heere faid, for the King and for the Queene and 
for the Bifnoppe muft doe as yee have heard here before. And for all other eftates, the 
uftier ftiould alTigne for everie place a man to fetch it at the fpicerie and to ferve them 
forth to the eftates, and to aliigne other perfonnes to fetch cui>7>s to the ci.pboarde 
tor all the eftates ; for a ferjeaunt at armes or an uflier in his abfence fhall bring in his 
amies as many cuppes to the cupboard as will fufiice, or as the caufc requireth to doe fervice. 
And on fuch a faftmg day at night, an efquire of the body muft goe and ferch the King's 
cuppe at the feller, and bring it to the cupboard and fet it there ; and for lacke of the 
cupbearer by the commandement of the cliamberlaine, an uflier muft afligne a Lord to 
doe it, and another pcrfonne muft be afligned to fetch a cupp for the Queene from the 
feller. As for light at night it hath beene feene fometime ic, fometiraes 9, and not 
under 7. 

As FOR SITTING IN THE KiNg's GrEAT C/IAMBRR. 

ITEM, as for fitting in the King's great chamber, there ought to fitt as many Lords tem- 
porall as it fliall feeme beft, by the difcretion of the chamberlaine and ufhers at one board, 
and at another, the chamberlaine and knights and efquires tor the body and the ufhers ; 
and if it bee on a day of eftate, noe knightes to fitt in the chamber but allcudly when hee 
doth the King fervice; and they doe noe fervice without it bee to ferve the King of water ; 
and on a day of eftate a Baron fhall ferve the King of water, and then the Knights to 

keepc 



FOR THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. 113 

keepe the hall, and everie day, when none eflate is kept at another board, (hall fitt the 
King's confeffor, the fecretarie, chaplaines, and phifitinns ; and at the end of that fame board 
a meffe of ufhers ; and if the mafter of revelis be there, hee may litt with the chapleyns 
or with the efquires or gentlemen ufhers: and elfe no man to fitt in the great chamber but 
as it pleafeth the chamberlaine and ufhers; yeomen of the crowne and yeomen of the chamber 
to fitt without the chamber doore; and in the King's prefence no man to fitt, but one board 
of great eftates; and the chamberlaine to fitt at the neather end of the faid board; but on 
St. George's even, and the King keepe the great chamber, and there bee not roome enough 
for the Knights of the Garter at one board; or, if any Embaifador be there, then yee muft 
have your board, as the cafe requireth, fitting fingle in his prefence. 

As FOR THE EVEN OF THE DAY WHEN A VOICE SHALL BE HAD. 

In the even of the day of eftate, it is the ufher's parte, and it pleafe the King, to 
have a voide ; then the ulher muft warne the fervant of the fpicerie, to make readie for the 
fpice-plates for the King and the Biflioppe, and for the Lordes and eftates, after as they bee; 
and after as yee fee neceffarie ; and alfoe to warne the King's fewers and efquires, which 
mud waite that tyme, and the fewer of the chamber, for the Bilhopp's fpice plate ; then yee 
mufl goe to the fervant of the feller, and warne him to make readie the King's cuppe and 
the Bilhopp's, and as many fefteres of wine as yee thinke will ferve the people. Alfoe, 
yee mufl receave the pile of cuppes, and bring them upp, and fett the Bilhopp's covered 
cuppe above them, if yee feem it before to doe. Alfoe, yee mud warne an efquire for the 
bodie, to brihge the Kinge's cuppe to the cup- board, and an efquire of the howfehould to 
bring the Bilhopp's if the ufher will. Alfoe, ycu muft warne the fewer to fetch the fpice- 
plates for the Kinge, and a fewer of the chamber for the Bilhoppe, and bring it to the 
cupboard : alfoe, you mull appointe for everis plate an efquire of the houfliolde to ferve the 
eflates and Lordes as yee thinke befl. Then what time you thinke the King is readie to 
take his voide, then yee muft affemble them together and bring them to the cupboard ; the 
ufher goeinge before, making roome to the cupboard; then the chamberlaine goeing to the 
cupboarde, taking with him three of the greatefl: eltates, delivering to the greateft the 
towell ; the fecond eflate the fpice-plates ; the third eftate the cuppe ; and when they come 
to the Kinge with it, the chamberlaine takcth the coveringe of the fpice-plates, giveing 
affay to the bearer ; and when the King and Bilhopp have taken fpice and wine, then the 
lordes deliver it to the officers againe ; then the ufher to appoint efquires to ferve the lordes 
and the people with fpice and wine largely. And Ictt tiic Bidioppe's fpice-plates bee ferved 
forth amongft others, without it bee an Arch-bifhoppe ; then this done the ufher to call in 
cuppes againe; and fett them in order as they came-, and foe bring them forth out of the 
chamber, like as they came ; and if it bee in the night tyme that you muft have 
light at the voide, bee right well advifed how many lights you muft have, and how many 
fhall goe with the King's fpice-plates, and cupp, when hee fhall drinke ; but ever looke 
there bee odd in number at the voide. 



.How THE King ought to bee served in His Great Chamber. 

There ought daylie twoe yeomen of the crowne to fett upp the board, and two efquires at 

dinner and fupper to take it downe ; and if it pleafe the Kinge to fitt before hee bee ferved 

of the firll: courl'e, then both dinner and fupper, twoe efquires to take upp the board be- 

• 2 tweeae 



114 ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KING HENRY Vlf. 

Hveene them ; and when the King is fett, then to fett the board downe againe ; the which 
is mod ufed on feftivall dayes. Alfoe, at night there ought to bee in the chamber three 
torches, five, feven or nine ; and as many fifes ietc upp as there bee torches ; the havingc of 
them is much after the fefllval dales; and alloe after as the'caufe requireth. Thefe torches 
to bee houlden with yeomen of the crovvne, or of the chamber; and if the King command 
water before fupper, then there ought as many efquires as there bee yeomen with torches to 
goe to the yeomen and take the torches of them, and they to hould the torches till the King 
bath wafhed, and is fett : and then to deliver againe the torches to the fame yeomen, and 
they to (land ftill till the board be ferved ; and when the King is ferved with wafers or 
fruites, then the torches to come in and ftand on the other fide of the chamber ; and when 
the Almoner doth take upp the board, the efquires againe to take the torches ; and they 
to come neare the table doeing their obeyfaunce; and they to ftand {till there till the Kinge 
bee upp and have waflied. And then againe to deliver the torches to the yeomen, and to 
tarrie as longe as it fhall pleafe the Kinge, and the yeomen with the torches not to departc 
them before fupper nor after ; but to bee readie to receave the torches of the efquires; and 
whenfoever the fewer goes to the kitchen to have a torche with him, and to bee borne be- 
fore the meate by an efquire ; and when the raeate is fette on the board, then the torch to 
be delivered at the chamber doore to the fevvers fervant, whoe ought there to bee readie for 
that purpofe; and after the torches come once into the King's prefence, there ought none to 
depart with noe manner of eftate till they avoide all at once ; and thus ought the King to 
bee daylie and nightlie ferved ; alfoe the grand porter ought to have a ladder readie to fett 
upp fifes withall on a plate ; which plate ought to be hanged on the uppermoU fide of the 
arras. 

CeRTAINE QlTESTIONS FOR THE DAY OF ESTATE. 

1. The firft que (lion ; The Kinge goeing In proceffion in a day of eflate In his robei 
royall, whether the Steward and the Chamberlaine fhall goe before the King, or one 
fide halfe of him, or noe? Anfwere thereto; if the Chamberlaine of England bee prefent, 
then they fhall goe before apart, and the Chamberlaine bearinge the King's trayne. 

2. The fecond queftion ; The King the fame day goeing in procefiion, being there 
with him his gentleman ulher, whether one or two, or none, fliall goe before, on fide 
or noe? Anfwere thereto; all one fide and nighe unto him. 

3. The third queftion; The King the fame day goeing in procefllon, being there with him 
the Serjeant at Arms, if they fhall goe before, or on fide halfe, or noe? Anfwere thereto; 
they fliall goe before the Crolle betwixt the porters and the herawld j bowbeit now adaies,: 
thev goe on one fide halfe, neere to the Kinge. 

4. The fourth queftion; If heralds bee at fuch tyrae in the King's prefence, whether they 
iiiall goe before the procefiion, or elfe betweene the Bifhoppe or Deane and the Kmg, or. 
noe? Anfwere thereto ; in the Feaft of St. George, he that is Garter fiiail goe betweene the. 
procefllon and the Kinge on fide hand, and all other heraulds before the proceflion. 

5. The fifth queftion ; The King and the Queene being in proceffion, whoc ihall goe be- 
fore the Queene? AnfA'erc thereto ; her chamberlaine and ufticr. 

6. The fixte queftion ; Whether the King in a prlncipall fealle fhall keepe his eflate in 
his hall, without a Duke and a Biftjoppe ? Anfwere thereto; yes, with a Bilhopps and twoe 
Earles, in abfence of a Duke, if foe bee they bee neare o^ the blood royall. 

7. The fame queftion ; In the fame feaft, who (hall fervc the King of water afore racatc 
and after ? Anfwere thereto j an Earle or a Baron, 

8. The 



TO-R THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. ii5 

■^. The eighth queftion ; The King in the hmc fealle fitting in his eflate, how (hall his 
fervice come, and with what jKvfonnes ? Anfwere thereto-, fliall come before the ferjeant at 
armes, and then tlie comptroller and the treafurer, and the fteward and the chamberkine, if 
the Great Chamberlaine of England bee there; each of them againfl other ; and then the' 
fewer and the fervice after. 

9. The ninth queflion ; Whether in the fame feafte the Queen's cloth of eflate fliall hang 
•as highe as the King's or noe? Anfwere thereunto ; the Queene's fliall bang lower by the 
•vallance. 

10. The tenth qncfLion; The ICing and the Queene in the fame feafte, being hi their 
eftates, whoe (hall fitt at thcit boardes? Anfwcre thereto; a Bifhoppe and a Duke, or twoe 
Earles, on the King's fide, if (oe bee they bee nighe of the blood royall ; and a Dutchefs and 
a CounteiTe on th£ Quecne's fide ; and alfo a Baroneffe,' if fivch bee neare of the blood 
royall. 

1 1. The elcvcntli'qiiedion; Whether in the fame feaft, the King without a Duke or Earle> 
fliall keepe his great chamber or not ? Anfwere theretx) ; yes, with a Baron j foe that hee bee 
neare the blood royall. 

12. the twelfth queflion; If there be a Duke and twoe Earles, with the King, being in 
his eftate, the King alketh fpice and wine, whether the Duke and Earles fliall ferve the 
Kingc, or elfe the twoe Earles, and not the Duke? Anfwere thereto; that the Kinge ftiall 
bee ferved of the grcatefl cflatc. 

13. The thirteenth queflion ; If the Barons of this land of the greateft blood, bee in the 
King's prefence without any Duke or Earlc, whether that the King's chamberlaine fliall bee 
preferred to doe the King fervice before the Barons, or noe? Anfwere thereunto; the cham- 
berlaine fliall doe his office before any of the Barons, foe the}' bee not neare of the blood 
royall, 

14. The fourteenth queflion ; If the King bee in his eflate with Dukes, Earles, and 
Barons, Banneretts, or Bachelors, whoc fliall ferve him? Anfwere thereunto*, if the Duke 
bee of the blood royall, then the beft to ferve him under the eflate of a Baron. 

15. The fifteentli queflion; Whether, if a Duke or an Earle, being in the Kinge's great 
chamber, the King being in his privie chamber, whether fliall the Duke ov the Earlc have his 
ciippe covered, or noe ? Anfwere thereto s how bee it though it be proflcred, it ought not 
to be taken. 

16. The flxteenth qv.eflion-. Whether a Duke being in the Kinge's howfc, fliall hee have 
his wardrobe for his robes delivered unto him, or noe? Anfwere thereunto; it hath not beenc 
feene, nor ought it to bee had. 

17. The feventeench qucfl:ion ; when the King's uflier hath delivered to a Lord or a Ladie 
their chamber; wliether fliall the uflier waire longe uppon them, or not? Anfwere thereto; 
nay, but hee mufl have a fpeciall commandement as for ftrangers that cometh but feldom. 

18. The eighteenth queflion; When the King flanding in his eflate, having fpice and 
wine, after that the King have drunke, whether fliall fland the fpice-plate, or the cupp 
above? Anfwere thereto; the fpice-plate above, and both above the cup-boardei. 

19. The nineteenth queflion; The Kinge being in his eflate with Earles and Coantcfles, 
which bee of the blood royall, who fliall ferve them? Anfwere i the knights and fquires 
of their own feryaunts. 

20. The twentieth queflion •, The King being in his pallace, his uncle or brother being 
there with him, the King commandeth him to keepe the eflate in the hall, or in his great 
chamber, whether fliall the cloth of eflate bee rolled up, or noe r Anfwere thereto ; it (hall 
bee rolled upp, as high as his head, 

Q ai. The 



Ii5 ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KING HENRY VIL 

21. The twenty-fird: queftlon; the King or the Queen chriftening a child, Ihall there bee 
kept an eflate, or noe; Anfwere, no; for it is a dcede of ahnes. 

And moreover, ktt everie officer doe his office in due time, as it appertaineth unto him j 
foe fliall the Kinge honourablie bee fervcd. 



As FOR SETTING OF THE KiNGE's BoARDE. 

Alfqe, and the Kinge fitt in the chamber, that the board muft bee on the left hand 
for ever where the beddes head is, and the chimney that muft bee the upper end of 
the board; and at that end muft the Bidioppe fitr, and the Queene on the other hand 
of the Kinge ; there is noe other choyfe, and there as the Biihopp fittetli fiiall hee lay 
the furnape for the King to wafli with ; and if it pleafe the King, hee may command 
that daye twoe perfons, that is to fay, twoe Lordes and twoe Ladies, or elfe a Lord and . 
a Lady j and foe the roorae bee large enough for a mefle of meate, for the King to fitt at the 
neither end of the fame boird ; and .when the meate is; donne, the King ferved with his 
water, by himfelfe, and the Queene by herfelfe, and the Bifhoppe by himfelfe ; and al! three 
bafons covered, and a bafon and an ewere, if there bee another; meffe, at the boards end, 
and an efquire houlding it in his hand till the Kinge and the Queene have wailied : then the 
Singe to give a becke, and then Ihall they walhe. 



As FOR Estates THAT SHALL BEE UNCOVEREDi 

ITEM, as for all manner of eftates that are to bee uncovered, them to bee feried wir^- 
fiatt peflipe or coppes. 

As FOR Candlemas Day. .- 

ITEM, on Candlemaffe day, the Chamberlaine, or a Baron or Earle, may beare the- 
Kinge's tapcrie, goeing on the King's right hand, againft. the ftevvard g,9eing in proceffion ;. 
and on EaiUr day, the King muft beare his taper himfelfe. 



As FOR THE Chamberlaine and Ushers. 

ITEM, In the abfence of chc chamberlaine, the uQier iliall hare the fame power to com-- 
fnand, in like manner; alfoe, it is riglit neccfiaiie for the chamberlaine and ufhers to have 
ever in remembrance all the highe feftival dayes in the yeare, and all other tymes, what is 
longing to their office, that they bee not to ieeke wlien neede is; for they (hail have many 
lookers-on. And fuch thinges as the ufliers know not, lett them reiort unto the chamber! .tine, 
and afke his advice at all tymes therein ; and foe the ufbers bee excufed, and the chamber- 
laine to fee that hee reveale himfelfe at all tymes, that hee may bee beloved and feared 
of ail fuch as belong to the chamber : and then the Kinge fhall bee honourablie ferved 
and to their worfliippes that Ihall doe it, and have the charge thereof j and if it bee not 
well donne, a greate reproofe unto the ofiicers. 

As 



FOR THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. xi; 

.As FOR THE KiNGE's SONNES AND BRETHREN TO KEEPE THE HALLE TJ-IE- DATtlCP 

ESTATE. 

ITEM, if the Kinge comraandes his fonnes, or brethren, or any of them, to keepfe. the 
hall or the great chamber in a day of eftate, the chambet-faine and all the officers of the 
chainber fhall doe them fervice in the chamber, like as they doe' to the Kinge when bee 
keepeth the.edate; and if they keepe the hall, the fteward, and all the officers in the hall 
in like wife, favinge onely that the cloth of eftate mud be rolled iipp.as highe as the middle 
of the head -, and if the Kinge command the fleward of his howfe to keepe the hall in a 
day of eftate, or not in a day of eflate, if hee keepe the highe dayes, hee niutl have other, 
eftates fjttinge at his board above him, and beneath him; and at his owne mefle, both 
Earls and Barons, and hee covered ; and they uncovered ; and if the Kinge's. fonneg or 
brethren bee in prefence, he murt: doe them fervice; and if there bee a Biilioppe in pre- 
"fence fitting, both the Bifhopp and the fteward to bee covered : and in the abfence of the 
Treafurer may bee covered, as well as the fleward and the comptroullcr to have his' faltc 
and his trenchoures; whereas ever hee ficteth in the hall uncovered. 

As FOR THE King's mother and bretheren. 

ITEM, as the King's mother, being in prefence of the King or Queene in the. church. as 
for travels, or at her offeringe, or carpitte (landing at eftalyon, as it pleafe the Kinge; 
-and if face bee in her owne howfe if there bee a Biflioppe in her prefence, hee mud fut at 
the upper end of the board; and to bee ferved as hee is ferved in the King's prefence; 
and at the neder end of her board to have a melTe of Earlea or CountefTes, Barons or Baro- 
neffes, .-ind to be ferved like as they bee ferved in the King's prefence; and the Kinge's fonnes 
gr bredircn to be ferved in like wife, in their owne houfi^s : but the King's mother ought 
not to have any eftate fitting at.her melfe, but allone her owne fonnes ; and as the King's 
yongell (Ifter, being a maide unmarried, fliee fhall bee taken above all the DucheiTes ia 
England. 

As FOR THE Kinge's SONNES and brethreit. 

ITEM, as for the Kinge's fonnes or brethreri, being in the Kinge's great chamber, thft 
King being in prefence or out of prefence, they fhall neither bee covered nor affay for 
them of the Kinge's fervants, without the Kinge's command himfelfe ; but in their owne 
chamber to bee ferved like as they bee ferved in their owne houfe ; for the Kinge's fonnes 
fhall have in everie office of the Kinge's howfe a yeoman or a groon've of his owne to ferve 
him. 

As FOR the Kinge's uncles and ai^nts r and alsoe for sitting of Lordes anb 

LORDES SONa'ES. 

I 

ITEM, as for the Kinge's uncles, I report' mee to ths Kinge, how it' ptfeafe hirti to' 
command them : or elfe a Duke's eldefl fonne and heire, if hee bee of the blood royall, 
fhall be feet above a MarquefTe ; and if hee bee not of the blood royall, hee fhall fitC 
aljove an Earle; and an Earie's eldeft fonne and heire, if hee be of the blood royall. 



ii8 ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KING HENRY VIE, 

he (hall fitt above a Vicontc ; and if hee bee not of the blood royall, he ftiall fitt above a- 
Baron ; and for ladies and gencle'.vocmen, to bee fett after their hvifbaiidsj. aad if tliey be< 
of the blood royall, the King may command theia as it pleafeth him. 

As FOR Esquires of the Body,, 

ITEM, As for Efqulres of the bodie, they ought to array the King and'unarray hinr^. 
and noe man elfe to fett hand on the King-, and the yeomen, or groor.e of the rol)'es, to- 
take to the efquire for the body all the King's fluffe, as well his flioes as !■ s other gcere;. 
and the efquire for the body ought to take the charge of the cup board fa: all night; and 
if it pleafe the King to have a pallet without his traverfe, there mufl twoc efquires for the 
bodie, or elfe a knigh: for the bodie, to lie there, or eife to lie in the next chamber; and 
the ufliers muft keepe the chamber-doore until the King bee in bedd ; and to bee there at 
the King's up-rifinge ;. and the u(ber m.urt fee that the waiche bee fett; and to knowe of the.: 
King when they fhail watche.. 

As FOR THEM OF THE SFICERY AND OF THE WAPERY.. 

ITEM, As for them of the fpicerie and vvaferie, they ought to bring upp to the chamber- 
dore, both wafers and fruice, as well for the great chamber, and the King's fewer of the 
chamber to fetch them iii* 

! As FOR THE King's sewer. 

And if the King command bis fewer to fett the meate on the board, or hee felt it downe 
himfelfe, the fewer fhall take the efquires, and goe downe to the kitchen and fetch the 
King's meate ; and when he cometh up againe, the uflier (hall goe to the ewery board, and 
lay to the ewer, Give mee a towell that the King (hall walh with, and lay it on his flioulder, . 
and goe therewith into the King's chamber-, and when hee commeth there, take the lo'.vell 
to the greared eflate, and (land ftill till the bafoa followe, and the karver mufl fee the pain-- 
tre take affay of the bread, fait, and trenchers ; then the kerver to cvirt a trencher in 
aflayes, and take the affaies to the fewer, and then to take the afTay.to him that beareth the 
riifhes-, and if it bee on a day of eflate, twoe efqaires for the body fhall goe to the d teller 
and beare tW'Oe of the firfl difhes,. both at the firft courfe and fecond. 

As FOR Embassadors. 

ITEM, As for EmbaiFadors, if it pleafe the King to have them to lie whhin the courte, 
they mufl bee in their own chamber, and to have all manner of ofHcers to attend them ; 
and if they have many men, the lleward or treafurer mufl warne a man to waice on 
them, and bring them into the hall to the Marfhall, and he to fett them at a board by them- 
felves, and fee that they bee ferved to the King's worfhippe: and if the Embaflador 
bee an Earle's fonne, they mufl have a gentleman-uflier to waite on them; and if they bee 
but Batons, a yeoman-uflier may ferve them. 



As 



FOR THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. 119 

As FOR THE Sewer and Usher, and laying of the Surnape,- 

The fewer (hall lay the furnape on the board-end whereas the bread and falte ftandetb,- 
and lay forth the end of the fame furnape and tovvell •, then the uflier fliould fatten his redd 
in the forefaid furnape and towell, and foe drawuig it downe the board, doeing his reverence 
afore the Kinge till it palfe the board-end a good way, and there the fewer kneeling at the 
end of the board, and the ufher at the other, ftretching the faid furnape and towell, and foe 
the uQier to laie upp the end of the towell well on the bonrde, and rife goeing before the 
Kinge doeing his reverence to the King on the fame fide the furnape bee gone uppon, and 
on that fide make an eftate with his rodd-, and then goeing before the Kinge doeing his 
reverence, and foe make another eftate on the other fide of the King, and foe goeing to the 
board's end againe, kneele downe to amend the towell, that there bee noe wrinkles fave the 
eftates ; and then the ufher doeing his due reverence to the King -, goeing right before the 
Kinge with his rodd, the fide of the fame towell there as the bafon Ihall (tand ; and doeing 
his reverence to the Kinge, to goe to the board's end againe ; and when the King hath 
wafhed, to bee ready with his. rodd to putt upp the furnape and meete the fewer againft the- 
Kinge, and then the fewer to take it upp. 

As FOR SURVAYORS OF WOODS AND RUSHFS FOR THE CHAMBER. • 

ITEM, There muft bee twoe efquircs, ufliers of the chamber, whereof one fhall bee fer- - 
jeant purveyour of woods, rulhes, and litter, for tht; chamber, >whieh fliall accompte the 
raefifes everie daye of the chamber, and they fhall witnefle at his accomptes made everie dayc 
of the keepinge of howfhould ; for which witneffing the oiBcers fliall have allowance- of 
their offices upon the accompte, and the fame ferjeant fliall call for his bedd, a gallon of 
ale, 3 candellsi and yd. oB. everie day for wages; and twoe robes in theyeare of cloth,' or 
40s. in money, if none bee aflignedj he fiidl take for liverie 1 ci. for breiad; a gallon of ale, 
one melTe of greate of the kitchen, one meffc of rofle; and the purvayor Ihall have a yeoman' 
if neede bee, in helping of him for purvaj'ance to bee made, and 2 d'. by the day for -wages ' 
in the rolle of the kitchen^ 

As FOR ALL THE FOWER FEASTS IN THE VEARE. • 

ITEM, As for the fower feaffs of the yeare, the King (hould wcare cyther purple Or' 
redd velvett; and on All hoUanday at even-fonge, he mull leave of his mantel, and come 
in his circotte and furred hudd about his necke j hee mull change within his travers when ^ 
they hc2\y\ placebo, and that mufl be a robe of blewe, his kirtle, his fircote, his mantle, and 
his furred hudd, and his cappe of eftate of blew furred -, and this muft: the chamberlaine 
viarne the ufher to warne the yeoman of the robes to bring it ; and there mufl bee an eft^tiire " 
of the bodie to make readie the Kinge: and thus the Kinge mull come on all folerane 
dayes to mattens, and to mafie, and offer in the fame array ; and the chamberlaine to beare 
his trayne ; and as for all other Lords, Knights, and Efquires, to goe in blacke, as bee of 
great eflate, or of great blood ; and when the Kinge commeth into his chamber after maffe, 
hee may change him into another fad coulour, what it pleafeth him, and to doe all day what 
it fliall pleafe him; and hee fliall not goe thus for none cilate, but onely for his father's iii'-- 
terment, and his mother's, or the Queen's. 

Agt 



r;.o ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KING HENRY VII. 

As FOR New Yeare's Day, 

' Alfoie, for New Yeares Day in the mominge, the Kiiiij wh^l) hee cometh to his foot- 
llieere, an uilier of the chamber ftiall bee rcaclie at the doojre, and (^y. There is a new j^earc's 
gift,9oi«e from the Qnecne; then the King (hall fay, Slr^ leti h come in; tlicn the .ulher (hall 
Iqtt in the mellenger with the guitte; and foe. after the great eftates ferv'ar:t?, as they come, 
each one' after other, as they bee of eftate ; and after that donne, all Jordes and ladixrs after 
their efj^l'^e; and all this feafon the Kinge fiiall hct (till in his footeftieete; then thai donne, 
the chamberlalne to lend for the treafurer of the chamber, and charge him to give the mef- 
fengcr that came from the Queen, if hee bee a kaight, lo markes ; if .bee bee an efquire, 
8 markes ; or at leait. loo ihillings; and thofe which come U'orn the King's brother and 
fiflers, everie of them' fix marks; and to everie Duke and Dutcheffe's fervant or mefFengci', 
5 markes ; and everie E.irle and Counteffe' fer.vant, each of tlunn 40 fliiiliiigs ; thefe are tlie 
rewards of them ;that bring the guiftes-. Ta'cportermee to tlie King's Highnes, if that hee 
"yvill doe more or leffe; this I know hath beene donnej this, donne, then the King goes 
to make him readie, and go,:-s to fervice in what array it pleafeth him. ITEM, fhe 
Qiiecn is hkewife to fitt on her footefheete, and her chamberlaine atid ufher in fem- 
blable wife, as the King did ; and I reporte rnee to her and to thofe that be about her, 
what her rewardes fliall bee to them that bring the guiftes ; 1 knowe they fliould not bee 
all things foe great and large as the Kinge's. 

As FOU THE ESTATE OF THE NeW-YEARE's DAY. 

ITEM, On New-yeare's day, the King ought to weare his icirtle, his circote, and his 
pane of armes; and if his pane bee 5 ermins cieepe, a Duke's ought to bee but fower, and 
an Earle's three: and the King to have on his head that day hjs hatt oi' ell ate, his fword'e 
borne before him, the chaniberlaine, the fteward, the trearur<;'r, the comptroller, before 
the fworJe and theufiiers; and before them all other Lords, faye on.ely them, that weare^ 
the robes, for they nuin: foUowe the Kinge; and the greateft eftate to lead the Queencj 
this array belongerh for the feall followinge New-ycare's day, Candk-njjilfei.day, Midfimi- 
merday, the Alfumprion of our r,ady, and the Nacivitie, as it piealeih the C)ueene ; 
and if t.voe of the King's bretheren bee there, one to l<"ade tlie Queene, another to goe 
with him as beareth the King's trayne, or elfe noe man fave the Prince. 

As FOR THE TWELFTH DAY. 

Alfoe, as for the tvYcIfth day, the King ought to goe crownel and in his robes royall, 
kirtle, fircote, his furred hudd abDut his necke, and his mantle with a long trayne and 
his lace before him, and his ermines upon his amies, of gould fett full ot riche ftones, 
with balaces, faphires, rubier, emeralds, and pearles ; thijS o.ugbt to b;; hallowed and noe 
temporall man to touch it but ontly the Kingi and an efquire of tlje body. to bring it in a 
faire kercheiFc, and the King to putt them on himleifei; hee mud have his fcepter in his right 
hand, the ball with the ciolTe in his kfte hand, and the crovvne orj his head, the day hee 
mud offer gould,. nlver and cenfe ; then the -deane of the chappeil muft fend the King's 
oSerririg tothe Arch-bifhoppe of Canterburie by, a. Clarke or Pricft ; and then the Arch- ' 
bilhoppe to give the fame Prieft or Clarke the next benefice, that fallcth in ihis guifte ;.-., 
then the Kinge muft change his mantle when hee goech to meate, and take of his hood and 

lav 



FOR THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. iit 

Fay it aboute his necke and clafpe It before with a riche owche ; and this miifl bee 
of the fame coUour that hee offerred in'; and the Queene in likewife, whea fiiec is 
crowned. 

ITEM, the day when the Kinge is crowned, he ought to goc to the mattens, the.whiche- 
arraye longeth his kirtle, fircote and tabard with his funed hudd fliven over his head, 
and rolled about his necke, and dn his head his capp of cftate, and his fword before him. 
Item, at evenfonge,. bee mufi: goe in his kirtle and fircote, and his hudd laid about his 
fhoulders, and clafps the htidd and tippet together before his brSaft with a great owchCj and 
a rich; and his hatt of eftate upon his head. 

As FOR THE VOIDE ON TWELFTH NIGHT AND WASSEL. 

ITEM, as for the voide on twelfth day at night, the King and Qncene ought to take ic . 
jn ihe halle; and as for the wanell, the ftcward and treafurer fliall come for it with their 
ftaves in their hands ; the King's fewer, and the Qucene's nexr, with their towel Is about their 
necks ; and noe man beare noe diflies but fuch as bee fworne for the raouthe ; efpecially fueh 
as the Kinge ihall eate of. The fteward, treafurer, and comptroller, lliall ordaine for all 
this, and it bee in the hall ; and if it bee in the great chamber, then the chamberlaine and 
ufliers to ordaine in the fame forme above written. And if there bee a Bifhoppe, his owne 
efquires, or elfe the King's, fuch as the officers lill to appoint, fliall ferve him; and foe all 
other eftates, and they bee Dukes, or elfe in like wife ; and foe Dutchefles and CountelTcs in 
like wife ; then the ufher to come in -with piles of Gupps, the Kinge^s cupp and the 
Queene's ; with the battlers and wine to the cupboard ; and an efquire for the body 
to beare the King's cupp, and another fs)r the Q_i_ieen's, fuch as are f.vorue for her. 

ITEM, the chappell to ftand on the one fide of tlie'hall, and when the fteward cometh in 
at the hall doore with the waiTell, he muft crie three tymes, Waffcll, waffL-ll, waffeil ; and 
then the chapf^ell to anfwere with a good fonqe'; and in like wile if it bee in the great 
chamber; then when ail is done, the Kinge and Queene to goe into their chamber ; and 
there belongeth tor the King to have tivoe lights with his cujipe, and the Q^aeeiie in 
like manner. And as for the Shrove Thurfday at nighr, there longeth none eftate 
to be kepte, but onely a fcllowlhippe, the Kinge and Queene to bee together, and all 
other efcatcs. 

As FOR THE MAKIKG OF THE KiNg's BEDD.- 

ITEM, as for the makinge of the King's bedd, firil a yeoman or a grooT.e of the v?ard- 
robe iTiufl: bring in the lUifFe ; and the curtaines of the bed mud: bee dravvne, and a gentle- 
man un:!cr muft hould the curtaines together, the fide curtaines and the feete curtaines to- 
gether ; then mufl twoe efcjuires for t lie bop y ftand at the bedd's head on every fide, and 
twoe yeomen of the crowne at the bed's feete on either fide; and all the lluiTe to bee laid 
faire downe at the bedd's feete on a carpett before the yeomen of the ftulTeij thenNa yeoman 
of the crowne, or a yeoman of the chamber to keepe on the bedd and ro^vle it upp and 
do\yne and aiTaye the litter. Then a yeoman to lay downe the canevas to the bedd's feete, 
and. fliake the litter, and laye on the canevas againe, .then lay on the fetherbedd and 
beate it well and make it .even, and frnooth ; then, flialle the yeoman of the ftnne take 
a fuftian and take .ihe alTaye and call it upon the bedd j then ihall eii]uircs. of the body. 
^.; ' lay 



I2:i ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KING HENRY VII. 

lay hands thereon, ami lay it flralght on the bcdd without any wrhi'kles ; and the fiieftc 
on the Ciime wife; then that the (lieeie and the fuilian by the border, and putt it under the 
fetherbedd at bothe the fides and at the feete ; then lay on the other flieete, and the efquires 
to gather the fliecre round together in their hand on eyther fide the bedd, and goe to the 
bedd's.heo.d and llrike downe the fame twice or iliricc as they come downe, and fhake the 
flieete at the feete ; then lay it abroade on the bcdd ; then lay on -the over fuflian above^ 
then take a pane oF ermines and lay it above; then rolle downe the bed the fpace 'of an 
die; then letc the yeoman take the pillowcs-^nd beace tliem well with their hands, and caft 
them upp to the efquires, and lett them lay them on, as it pleafcth the Kinge beft, highe or 
Idvve; then take a head fheete of raynes and lay thcieon, and putt the one fide of the fheete 
under the pillowes, and lect the other fide lie rtill ; then take a head (heete of ermines and 
lay it above the pillowes on the other fide of the fliecte, and lay it over all them, the efquires 
to lay upp the bedd at^aine on the pillowes, and then take a fheete of the raynes and cover 
the bed over and over on every fide: then the u flier to knitt together the curtaines, and 
an efquire for the body to caftc holy wat^er on the bedd; then fhall the efquires and the 
udiers, and all other that were at the making of the bedd, goe without the travcrs, and th&rc 
:to nicete them bread, ale anti wine ; and foe to drinke altogether.. 

As FOR THE CORONATION OF A KiNGE, 

A remembrance to the iiQiers of the King's chamber that they mu ft doe their office on 
■the day of coronation, like as they doe all other fcffivall dayes in the King's chamber^ 
and if hee hould his great chamber at dinner and fupper, in like wife ; and when the 
time that the Kinge goeth to the Abbey- church to bee crowned, there mull be feene by 
an uthcr before that there bee a ftrong fcaifold made with a floore, one lofte, where mult ftand 
a chaire of eftate for the Kinge; and it inufl: be flrongly barred about the chayre that the 
King may ftand and bchould himfclf, Eaft, Weft, North, and South; and fuch Lords as 
ought to bee with him ,; and this fcaffold muft have doores beneath, tlie whiche the 
ulhcrs muft have the rule of: and the Kinge muft have his drinke in thereat; and it 
inuft have a broade ft.iire as broade as the fcartbld is goeing downe to the highe altar ; and 
all the poftes and fcaffold muft bee covei"ed with redd cloth or redd faye ; and this fcaffold 
muft fille fro;n the pillars of the quire unto the pillars of the ftaires goeing upp to the 
high altar, that noe man may come in but by the uftier's doores from the King's ciofett within 
the quire; for this exchange, when he comes downe to bee annointed, the udiers muft fee 
that there bee cusfliens and a chaiie ready, and fuch as him fhall neede ; and when the King 
is annointed and crowned, and Ihall withdrawe him to his chaiTiber, then the usflier muft doe 
in like forme as is afore wrij ten. 

And when the Kinge is reauie to goe into the hall to dine, the ufliers muft goe to the 
hall doore before him, and then they may go whither they will, for at the hall doore the 
marlhall is to have the rule during the meate, while the King come to the hall doore againe; 
then the uftiers to reeeavc and bringe him to his cliamber and doe as they did before; but the 
cuftome was fome time that the efquires of the body and the ufliers have a place together 
in the hail to dine. The howfe of AVcftminfter fhall mecte the King in Weftminflf r-'^all, 
with proceffion, with folemnity bringeing thither all that longeth to regality. Afoe the 
barons of the Five Portes takeing the cloth of eflate to beare over the Kinge, and a!) tlic re- 
gality delivered to certainc Lords ; then the King to goe through the quire to his feare ; 
then the Kinge to come downe to the liigh altar to offer : then the King to lie downe alonge 
before the high altar, and there the Arch-biflioppe to fitt in a chaire before ihc i;ighe altar, 
and the King in another above in bis feate during this fervice, and when they finge ye>ii 
I Criiitbr 



FOR THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. 123 

cr tutor fpiritus, then fhall the King lie downe on his couftiens along till it bee donne; thea 
the King to rife and fitt in his chaire and reft himfelfe; then (hail hee come downe againe 
to the highe altar, and putt off all his clothes, fave his coate and his fhirte; then (hall his 
hands bee annointed, and within a while after other parts of his body : then (liall hee doe 
on the mantle of St. Edward ; then annon after hee (liall be crowned ; then to bee brought 
upp to his feate againe; and, after the gofpell, to come dovvne againe and offer bread an4 
wine and a marke of gould ; then fliall hee goe to his feate againe, and after agnus dci, 
come downe again and bee houfelled ; and after mafle, to goe to St. Edward's (lirine, and 
the greate chamberlaine of England to endewe him with new clothes, when the regall is of; 
then againe to his feate, and loe forth to dinner. 

As FOR THE RECEAVING OF A QuEENE, AND THE CORONATION OF HER. 

ITEM, when a Queene (hall bee receaved out of a ftrange land, the King muft pnrvay 
certaine Lords and Ladies of eftate to mcete with her at the fea-fide, and convay her to the 
place where it pleafe the Kinge to bee wedded ; it mud bee knowne whether the King will 
marrie openly or priviely, the which I report mee to the great eftates of the lande; and tha': 
donne fhee muft bee convayed to her coronation at the cittie of London, the cictizens there- 
of to meete her five miles without the cittie in their beft array ; and if (hee come over Lon- 
don bridge, there the cittie mufl: receave her in moft royall wife with a great guift, for 
their owne wor(hippe, and foe convay her thorough the cittie to the tower, there fhee to bee 
all night at her leifure; and there that night, if it pleafe the King, to make Knights of the 
Bath, and they to ride on the morrow before her to Weftminller. When (hee hatli dined, 
a litter mull bee ordayned for her, covered with white damafke or white cloth of gould, 
and the horfes trapped widi the fame faddie, and with five cusdiens of the fame fute, 
twoe longe and three (horte; and in the bottom of the litter a raateris of white, with 
white tartarone alofce; and as for her array for her body, (hee muft bee in her fircote of white 
damaflce, or white cloth of gould, with a mantle of the fame poudred with ermins; fiiee mufl 
have a riche puiflene about her necke, with three labells hanging downe at her backe with 
the trayne; then Jier head muft bee disfhevilled with a riche fircle on her head: then twoe 
of the greateft elLites mart lead her to her litter and fett lier therein, and lifte upp the litter 
and lay it on tlie horfes, and (hee mufl bee bare handed and bare vi!aged till llie come to 
Weflminfter, that all men may fee her. Then (hee muft have goeing to Weftminfter on eyther 
fide a Duke, and afore them twoe Earles, and afore them twoe Vifcounts, and afore them 
Barons, goeing all afoote till they come to Weftminfter; and all her ladies and gentlewoe- , 
nien comming after in chaires and on horfebacke, and otherwife as it pleafe the Kinge, and the 
Qneene; and all other Lords, Knights, and Efquires, goeing on foote lound her. And ac 
the Towre Gate the Maior of London and the wordiippfull men of the cittie to mcete her 
in their befl array, goeing afore her two and two together, on foote, till they come to 
Weftminfter; and at the conduit in Cornehill muft bee ordayned for her a fight with angelU 
finging ballads in Latin, Englilli, and French, made by the beft doctors of the land 5 
■j.nd the conduit in Cheapefide in the fame wife ; and both to runne with white wine and 
redd ; and the crolfe in Cheapc to bee arrayed in moft royall manner that can bee devifed ; 
and the conduit next Panic's in like wife and whether (hee goeth forth at Newgate or Lud- 
gate, it muft bee in like wife freflily apparelled ; and foe goeing forth till fhee come into 
Weftminfter hall, and alighte at the King's-bench ; and twoe Dukes to Icade her to her 
chamber, and there her ladies to change her anewe, and alter her as it pleafeth her beft j 
and that donne, to come into the great chamber and take fpice and wine i and that donne, to 

K goe 



124 ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KING HENRY VII. 

goe to her Tapper, if it bee fupping night; and in the morne to be arrayed uith kirtle, fir- 
cote and mantle of plaine purple velvert, and her head disfheveled with a riche circle there- 
on ; and at her chamber doorc twoe Dukes to meere her, and (hee to bee bare footcfl, and 
fower yeomen to bringe rave cloth ?n their armes, gocing before her, laying the ray 
abrode under her feete till lliee come to the greece of our Lady chappel doore, and rhere with 
a carte with raye cloth goeing before her, till fhee come before the Abbey cliurch doore ; 
the yeomen to take the cloth in their armes goeing before, lieing under her feete to the fcatfold^ 
and through the fcaffold downe to the highe altar; and there the Queene to kneelc downe, 
aTid the Bifhoppe to fay fervice over her, and anointe her on the backe, and on ihe breafl:,- 
and on the head, and to fett a Crowne on her heade ; the Abbott to take to her her fcep- 
ter and her verge in her hand-, then the two Dukes to leade her npp to her fcaffold and 
fett her in her chaire, all the ladies to kneele on her right hand, and the greateft that 
bare the trayne to kneele next behind the chayre, and all the lordcs to kneele on the Icfte 
hand of the Qiieene ; and all the ladies to have their hrcotes and mantles on, and their 
cutt hudds of fcarlect, halfe furred and haUe unfurred -, and the knights wives in theit. 
fircote, and the eflate that bearech che trayne to have her fircore, and mantle of plaine purple 
velvett like as the Queene, faving not of foe deepe a couiour ; and when m.'.lfc is begun, 
to the offerringe, then twoe Dukes to leade her dawne to the offcrring, and to Icade her upp 
againe ; and when malTe is donne, to come downe againe to the highe altar and there to bee 
howfelled, and then to goe into a clofect, and the Abbott lo putt Sr- Edward's Pinfons oi>. 
her feete ; then the Lordes to lead her to her chamber the fame way fljee came; then to- 
breake her fafl ; then to bee brought into the halie to dinner, and to be lerved ot all m.inner 
of eftate% like as the King was when hee was crowned, and to have fitting under the board; 
at her feete, two knights wives, to doe her fuch fervice as it ftall pleafe her to command 
them. And the Conllable of England, and the Steward, and Charaberrainc, and Marfliall. 
of England, rauft ride in the hall; the Conftable with his mace, the Mariliall with the tipped- 
ftafFe, the Steward and Chamberl-aine with white roddes in their hands ; and when grace is. 
faid, then after to goe into the hall and there take fpice and wine ; and the Lord Maior of 
London to ferve her of her cuppe, and take it for his fee; then the Queene to goe into- 
her prjvie chamber, and to doe what pleafe her ; and three dayes after the Qiieene, and all 
the Ladies in their frefheft array, to fee the jufles ; and after fome three dayes to remove to. 
fome other place whither as it ihall pleafe the Kinge ; and all the Lordcs and Ladies to have 
their robes of fcarlett for the day of coronation of the King's coft. I committ my 
fint)ple writing to fuch as have raueh better experience than 1 have to inforrae you of the 
truth. 

As FOR MAKING OF KnIGHTS OF THE BaTH. 

When it pleofeth the Kinge to make any Knights of the Bath, then it is the ulhers parte 
to find a chamber and a roonne for every man his bath by himfelfe. Alfoe upon the even 
that they fhall bee made Knights at dinner, everie of them muft beaie the Kinge a 
diftie ; then each of them muft have twoe efquires, that bee called efquires-councellors, 
taking them comming from the King's chamber, and the u(her to bring them to their chamber; 
then warne a pantlor, buttler, and an ewer, to waite on thera. Alfoe when they bee ia 
their chamber every knight to have one of their owne efquires to fetch them meate, and foe to 
awaite on them till they have the order of knighthood; then it is their parte to give a gift 
amongll: yeomen-ulhers, and other officers that waite on ihem ; the efquires aoe parte, for 
it is their duty to have a fee for terme of life. 

A» 



FOR THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLIX i-? 



:^ 



"As FOR DELIVERANCE OJF A QUEENE. 

As to the deliverance of a Queene, it mufl bee knowne what chamber fhee will bee de* 
^ivered in, by the Grace of God; and that chamber muft bee hanged with rich arras, 
the roofe, fide and wiadowes, all except one windowe, and that mull bee han-;ed that Vote. 
may have light when it plcafeth her; with a royall bedd therein, the flore laid with carpeth 
over and over with a faire pallett bedd, with all the ftuffe belonging thereto, with a ricbc 
fperncr hanging over ; and there muft be a cupboard fet taiie, covered v;kh the fame fuite 
that the chamber is hanged withall. And if it pleafe the Queene to cake her chamber, fnee 
fhall bee brought thither with Lordes and Ladies of eftare, and brought into the chappell or 
church there to bee houfeled; then to come into the great chamber and take fpice and wine 
under the cloth of eflate ; then twoe of the greatefl: eflates to lead her into her chamber 
where (hee (hall be delivered; and they then to take their leave of the Queene. Then all the 
ladies and gentlewomen to goe in with her ; and after that noe man to come into the cham- 
ber where (heelhall bee delivered, fave woemen; and they to bee made all manner of officers, 
as buttlers, panters, fewers, kervers, cupbearers; and all manner of officers ihLill bring to 
them all mawner of thinges to the great chamber doore, and the woeivien officers for to r^ceave 
it in the chamber: a traverfe of damaficc, the bedd arrayed with fliceces of fine lawne or fine 
raynes, great -pillows with a head (heete according to the iheetes ; a pane of errainei? em- 
brothered with riche cloth of gould, the ells breadth of the cloth, ;ind head-ffieete of ermins 
and cloth of gould of the fame fuite; a pallett by the bedd arrayed according to the bedd, with 
fheets and paine; except the cloth of gould on the. paine to bee of another coUour than thar 
of the great bedd; and over the pallet a large fperner of crimfon fattin, with a bowl: c~ 
goulJ or filver and guilt; and above the openinge of the fame fperner to bee embrothcred 
the King's and Queen's annes, and the refidue with crownes of gould: and that fuch eflates 
both ipirttuall and temporall as it fliall like the Kinge to afligne to bee gofiii)pes, tc bee. 
jteere the place where the Que-ene fliall bee delivered, to the intent anon sfter they bco 
ready that the child may loonc bee chriHened. 

Stuffe for the Ql^een's bedd. 

Firll:, twoe paire of fheets of reines, either of them fower brcadthes, and five yards loiige j 
rwoe longe pillowes and twoe fquare of fuftion fluffed with fine downe, every pillow 
-two bares of raynes a pane of Icarlett furred with crmins and bordered with velvett or 
cloth of gould ; an head-fheete of like cloth furred in like- wife ; a countre of fine lawne of 
five breadrhcs and fix yards longe ; an hinder-fheete of the fame lawne, and four breadthes 
and five yards longe. 

STtJFFE FOR THE PALLETT BEDD. 

ITEisI, a fetherbedd with a boulfter of fine downe ; a matteris flufTed with wooll ; twoe 
longe and four fliort piliowes, for every pillowe twoe beares ; a paine of fuftian of fix 
breadth-s and five yards longe , twoe paire of flieets of raynes of four breads imd five yardes 
longe ; twoe head-ffieets of raynes of twoe breads and fower yards longe, a paine of fcarlett 
furred with ermins brodercd with blew velvett upon blewe velvett or cloth of gould; an head- 
llxeete of like colour furred with ermins ; a coverture of fine lav/ne of five breadthes and 

K 2, fix 



126 ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KING HENRY VIL 

fi\' yards longe, and an head-flieete of the fame lawne of fewer breadthes and five yards 
loDge ; a (perne of criml'on fattin, embroihered with crowncs of goukl, the Queen's armes 
and other devices, and lined with double tartaron garnilhed with fringe of filke, and gould, 
and blewe, and rulTetr, with a round boiile of filver and gilt; fower cubihens covered with 
crimfon-damafke, or cloth of gould •, a round mantle of crimfon-velvett plaine furred with 
ermines, for the Queens to wears about her in her pallet j and other things neceffarie for the 
fame pallett. 

As FOR THE CHRISTENING OF A PrINCE OR PrINCESSE. 

To ordayne for cbriflening of a Prince, the church or chappell dore mufl bee hanged with 
cloth of gould, roofe and all, and carpets under the foote ; then the font to bee fett on a 
great height, that the people may fee the chriftening, and prefTe not too nighe ; and the 
font to bee hanged with a riche filler over, and laid about with carpettes on the greeces. 
and other places, and the font hanged round about with cloth of gould, and within laid in 
plates many fold of linnen clothe, and the church all to bee richlie hanged; the highe altar 
likewife to be arrayed in the richeft manner with carpetts, before the altar; and in the fide 
of the church, befide the fo':r; a travers and a fire of coales readie burnt for Iraellir.g with fume 
caft therein for the aire, and a chaffer of water with bafons of filver ; and the goffippes to 
bee lodged neare, ag^aind the Queen's deliverance ; and when (he is delivered, then to bee 
readie to beare the child to the church ; a Dutches to beare the child, and a Dutches to 
beare the crifome on her flioulder, on a kercheife of fine ermines ;. and if it bee a 
Prince, an Earle to beare his trayns ; and if it bee a. PrincefTe, a Countefls to beare 
her trByoe. 

ITEM, that the- fervant of the pantrey, eyther of the King or Queen's, to bee readie 
^■'nh. a little falt-feller of gould and fait therein readie, and take the affay before it bee hal- 
lowed with a towell of raynes about his necke ; and the ireafurer of the Koufehold to goe. 
l»efore him with his flafFe, and prefent the allay. 

Item, as for the array of the child. 

The chiM niuft be borne in a rich mantle of cloth of gould furred W'lth ennlns; a traine 
thereon borne upp ; then there mull bee borne before the child two hundred torches; 
twenty-four borne by efquires about the child, and the other borne before by yeomen ; 
and when they come to the church, the torches ro (land unlight all about the font, as neare- 
the vs^all as may bee. Alfce, there muft be the fervant of the ev;rie, for the g^oflips to wafii ; . 
and the fervajit of the fpicerie to bee there readie with fpice and wine : foe that when the 
child is chriftened, the goCips and other eftates to take fpice and wine ; and a BJfhoppe 
to chrifi.en the child ; aiKl when hee is chriftened then all the torches to bee light. Then. the ■ 
child to bee borne upp to the highe altar, and there to bee confirmed ; and then the fpice 
and v/ine to bee takjen ; then the guifts to bee given by the gofSppes ; and the 
fame guifts to bee delivered ro Earles, Barons, and Banneretts, and they to beare them • 
before the child to the Queen's chamber doorc, and there the ladies to receave them, 
everie guifre one after another; and the guifre of the greatefc eftats hindennofi, and 
to bee borne by the greatefl: cilare ; . and. if it bee a iVinceiTe, then the gpifrs to 
bee borne by Ladies at the King's pleafure, whether the guifts fliall bee borne openly, 
or privately ; then the child to bee hadd into the nurfcry, where it fltail bee nou- 

-laied 



FOR THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. 127-7 

rifhed with a Ladie governour to the nurfery nurfe, with four chamberers, called rockers; 
and the chamberlaine to give them their oathes ; and yeomen and grooraes muft bee charged ' 
to awaite upon the chamber, and to give them ftraight oathes ; the fewers, panters, and 
other officers for the moueth; and give them alfoe their oathes; and to fee the nurfes meate • 
and drinke bee ever affayed while ftiee giveth the child fucke j and a phifition to ftand over 
her every meale, and fee what meate or drinke fhee give the child. Alid in the Prince's 
utter chamUer there muftbee ordayned a cradle of eftate, with a rich fperner over the cloth 
of gould ; the cradle to have five flolpes, three at the head, and tvvoe at the feet, and the 
King's arraes on the middle ftolpe, and all the other ftolpes with other armes, and well car- 
petted all about, with a pane thereon of cloth of gould furred with ermins. The Queen's bedd 
to bee made with Ladies and Gentlewoemen, as the King's is with men. The great cradle of 
eftate, contayning in length five foote and a halfe, in breadth tvvoe foote and a halfe, co- 
vered in crimfon cloth of gould with fower pomels of filver and gilte, and graven with the 
King and Queen's armes. Item, two like poraells for the frame of the fame cradle; ei-ght 
buckells without tongues on eyther fide of the cradell ; a materis, twoe pillowe?, with four 
beers of raynes, a paire of fuftian ; a pane of fcarlett furred with ermins, and brodcred with 
blew velvett, upon velvett of gould of tiffue ; one head-fheete cf like cloth of gould furred 
with ermine; a fperner of crimfon damalke cloth of gould, lined with redd double tartarine 
garnifhed with fringe of filke and gould; a baile covered v/ith raynes; a croffe of tree 
covered with buckram, with a boule above of filver and gilt for the fame fperner; and 
two fwathe-bands, one of blew velvett and another of blew cloth of gould ; the litcle cradle 
of tree in a frame covered and painted with fine gold and devices, of a yard and quarter lon^e, 
and in breadth twenty-two inches; fower pomells of filver and gilte for the fame fra;ne; five 
buckells of filver on everie fide without thongs for the fwadling band; twoe matrices and 
twoe pillowes ; twoe panes of fkarlett, the one furred with ermins, the other graye, both 
bordered with cloth of gould, the one crimfon, the other blew ; twoe head-fheets of like 
cloth of gould furred according to the panes ; a fperner of linnen cloth for the fime 
cradle; a traverfe of red tartarene ; twoe cradle-bands of crimfonne velvett, and a ba) le 
covered with raynes foe the fame.. 

Stuffe for the yong Prince or Princesse's chamber, and for themselves. 

Imprimis, a mantle of rich cloth of gold, with a long traine furred with ermine, to beare ' 
the child in to chrifl:eninge and other tymes, &c. twenty four yardes of fine blanket, twelve • 
yardes of fcarlet, and twenty four ells of fine raynes for dyvers things neccfiarie for the fame ~ ; 
two cufliens covered with crimfon damafke, and a cuslhen for the nourfe : a great chaffer 
and a balbn of lattyne,.and two great bafons of pewter for the launder in the nourferie; and 
eight large carpets to cover the floore of the chambers: and all other neceffarie-s. Item> h 
traverfe of redd double tartaryan with a celler to hange in the chamber ; eight pieces of 
bawdkyne of goulde to hange about the founte, and for leeling in divers places; and alfoe to • 
have juftice; cord, lyne, frynge, filke, thride and canvis, bockeram, crochetes, hookes, 
navies, hammer,, pincers and carryage, with all other ihinges necefi^arie. WefiminfVer-hall 
and the White-hall, or any other hall, well hanged with arras for the prince to be borne 
thorowe the church and have againe the famewaye.. The cupboard and windowes in the 
Queene's chamber to bee covered in blewe worfted, barkers of redd worfted, and travarie ■ 
of blew fynnete, another of blewe tartaran-, barres, flayers, and ifeppes in Wefraiinder 
church, or in anie other church, to bee covered with redd worfbed and nayled. Irem, a - 
feiil.of bawdkyne of gould lyned with bawdkyne, fringed with hike by the wallcs, to hange 

over 



-128 ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KING HENRT TO. 

over the Prince by his chimney. Item, a mantle of (karlet furred with fyne menevere pure. 
Item, two pallets of canvis, two materefles, two paire of blankets, four paire of Iheets, two 
lappets of redd worfted, a great pott of ledere faire water. . Item, the parlyamente chamber 
richelie hanged and feeled, with (layers up to the riche bedd ; (layers covered with blewe 
worfted, gariiiriied with ribband, gyhe nayles, and covered with a pure impefiall ; the cur- 
teines and traynes of blewe tartarane, carpettes layed, with other rich arraye for the Queene 
to bee purified. Item, a cloth of eflaLe to bee borne over the childe outeward and.liome- 
waide, by four knights or efquires. 

Tor the Creation of a Prince. 

'Firft, it mudbee knowne when it pleafech the King to have it donne; tlicn the faide place 

'to bee richlie apparelled with a cloth of eftate, and if there bee a bedd, there mud bee a 

chaire and cujflitns ; then the time mufl be knowne i'then twoe Dukes to come on eyther 

litie the Prince, the fvvord borne before him a little leaning on the one fide : a cappe of 

eftate, M'ith a circle thereon on the right hand of the fword, and the ring and verge on the 

:lcft hande of the fworde, and foe prefented before the Kinge;.then his pattent to bee read : 

when he commeth to the cincloure of the fworde and in pofTeflion of the cappe of eftate and 

-coronell ; tirft the King to putt on the fworde and girt it about his necke on the lefte fide, 

■becaufe hce is Duke of Cornewall as foone as hee is borne; and then the King to fett the cape 

with the coronell on his head, and the ring on the thiid finger of his left hand ; and laft 

the verge of gould in his right hand -, that when the pattent is read our, the King to deliver 

it to the Prince i then to dinner where it Ihall pleafe the Kinge, at his owne board or not. 

Alfoe to knowe the Kinp/s pleafure if any eftate ftiall fitt with him, if hce fitt not at the King's 

board •, it he fitt with the Kinge, the Kinge to fitt under the cloth of eftate, a Prelate on 

his right hand, the Prince on the left hand ; and at the end of their dinner, the eftate of 

the King and Prince to bee proclaymed by the heralds, for the honor of the Kinge, and 

creation of the Prince; then the cinclure of the fword is, becaufe as foone as the Prince is 

borne l^ee is Duke of Cornewall, and becaufe hee is Duke without creation the fword is firft fete 

on him.; ti^ieimpofition of the. cappe of eftate and coronell is for the creation of the Prince; 

.the ringe on the third finger betokeneth that hee is Prince, and married to doe juftice and 

rcquitie, and to fliew right wifdome to all parties; the verge of gould in token hee fiiall 

have viclorie, and deprive and putt downe his enemies and lebelles. And after dinner there 

muft bee a voide ; the Prince to bee ferved with the greateft eftate, if the King bee not there; 

if hee bee, yeit the Prince to bee ferved with Earles and Barons. The creation of a 

Prince ftandeth much at the King's pleafure, howbceit there is due order : yet the 

Kino's prerogative rauft allwaies be faved. 

For the marriage of a Princesse. 

Firft, the even before the marriage, fliee muft have her eftate in the great chamber; which 
ilongeth to the ufticrs to fee it bee well apparelled with carpetts, and a chaire of eftate with 
cuslhens and all that belongeth thereto; with a cloth of eftate accompanied with ladies and 
gentlewoemen ; then fpice and wine to bee brought; and before the fteward and chamber- 
laine the uflier to ordayne for them that fliall beare the fpice and the cuppe, and at the cup- 
board to take it, a Baron the towell, a Bachelor the fpice-plate, and another the cuppe; 
and if it bee night, twoe torches for the fpice-plate, and twoe for the cuppe; and when the 

eftate 



FOR THE REGULATION OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. 129, 

cftate hath drunke, then the fpice-plate and cuppe to fland above the cupboarde, and the- 
fpice-plate above the cupp, and there to bee dehvered againe to the fewer and cupbearer' 
whoe brought then:i upp, and there to (land ftill till the voide bee donne -, then to beare 
forth the other fpice-plates and cuppes to the other edates uncovered, without a BiQioppe 
bee there; that doane, the Ladie to take her chamber, and noe man to come there, but all 
Woemen. In the morning the Ladies to come forth, and twoe Lords unmarried to leade her 
to the church doore; and the ufhers to fee againft her comning thirlier, that the church 
dcx)re bee hanged with arras and cloth of gould, and a feeler over with cloth of g<>nkl and 
carpette under the feete, and all the grcefes with carpeth, and a forme Before the r.uher for 
them to kneele, all covered with cloth of gould, with cusifiens according thereto; "dv.d when 
they have offered kneeling, the forme to bee fett afide, and the eilates to goe to the* 
forme, and chufe if they will ftande or fitt till the fervice bee donne. Then poues of Ipocricc 
to bee ready, and to bee putt into the cupps with foppe, and to bee borne to the ellates ; 
and to take a foppe and drinke, fittinge or ftandinge ; and then others to drinke according. 
to the voide, and foe brought to her owne chamber ; and after to- goe out to- her dinner; 
then twoe woemen of worfliippe, maidens if there bee any, to kneele on eyther fide of her,, 
houlding a kercheffe afore when (hee lift to drinke, or to relt her; and under the board 
twoe other gentlewoemen to fitte on eyther fide of her feete, and foe to eate at a little 
ftbole, if they lift; and at the fccond or third courfe, the miiiftrelles to play; and if there bee- 
a Bilhoppe, hee to fitt at the upper end of the board ; and if her mother bee there and 
will fitt, to fitt at the nether end of the board, her melTe uncovered. If- there bee a cloth 
of eftate, there is a qucftion whether that p:rte thereof fhall bee rolled upp or notr and hov^^ 
friee fliall bee I'erved, and with what men, and whether fhec fhall wafh v/ith a furnape,. yea or" 
noe? and whether fhce fliall hare any affaye or noi ?and what Lords in prefence, iffliee htt in 
the chamber ? And v/hen the meate is donne, to have fpice and wine, like as they had the 
night before; and then ihce to goe to her chamber and charge her, and, if ftree lifl:, privi-i- 
lie to come forth againe info the great chamber and fee the daunclnge •, and if fhci lilt to 
daunce, at her pleafure, or elfe to keepe her eftate ; and there to abide till (lie goe to even- 
forge ; and if fliee lift to fuppe, whether in the great chamber or in her owne, ami to bco 
ferved openlie, keeping the eftate; and when (hee hath fupped, to goe againe to dauncing; 
and then a voide with fpice and wine, as they did after meate. And then her chamber to 
bee made ready for all night, and brought in for all night. And alfoe, that there bee fpice- 
plates readie on the cupboard';and at her comming in, all men to bee voided, except woemen^ 
till fhee bee broucyht to her bedd ; and the man_both ; hee fittinge in his bedd in his fliirte, 
with a gowne caft about him. Then the Bifhoppe, with the Chaplaines, to come in and blefle 
the bedd : then everie man to avoide without any drinke, fave the twoe eftates, if they lifte, 
priviely. And on the morrow fhee to keepe her chamber all day, and a pallat to bee made- 
at the bed fide or feete; and noe man to come there, fave woemen ;- and o.n the third day. 
ihee to come to the chappell, and offer her taper, &c.. 

De ApPARATU PRINCIPIS Q.UAM MIGRAVERIT EX HOC SECVLO* 

De Exequils Regalibus cum ex hoc feculo migrare contigerit. Cum inunftus migraverit cjc hoc 
feculo, primo a fuis cubiculariis corpus ejufdeni aqua cahda five tepidalavari debet; deinde 
balfamo et aromatibus unguetur per totum ; et poftea in panno lineo cerato involvitur; ita ta- 
men quod facies et barba illius tantum pateant. Et circa raanus et digitos ipfius dic^us par.aus 
ceratus ita erit difpofitus ut quilibet digitus cum pollice utriufque manus fingulatim infuatur per' 
fei ac fi manus ejus cirothecis lineis effent co operia. De cerebro tamen et vifceribus caveant ca* 

bicularit ; - 



;T3o AUTICLES ORDAINED BY KING HENRY VI!. ' 

blcular'il ; preterea deinde corpus induetur tunica ufque ad talos longa : et defuper pallio rffgali 
adornabitur. Barba vero ipiius decenter componitur faper pedus illius; et poftea caput cum 
facie ipfms fudario ferico cooperietur : ac deinde Corona regia aut diaderaa capite ejufdem 
apponctur. Poltea induentur manus ejus cirothecis cum aurifragiisornatis; et in medio digito 
dexcrx manus irnponetur annulns aureus aut deauratus : et in dextra raanu fua ponetur piia 
rotunda^ in qua virga deaurata erit fixa, a manu ipfius ufque ad pe£lus protenfa, in cujus virgje 
fummicate eric fignum dominies crucis, quod fuper pedlus ejufdem principis honefte debet 
collocari. In finiiiia vero manu fccptrum deauratum habcbit ufque ad aurem finiflram de- 
center protenfuni. Ac poftremo tibije et pedes ipfms caligis fericis et fandaliis induentur. 
Tali vero modo diflus princeps adornatus, cum regni fui pontificibus et magnatibus, ad lo- 
cum ,quem pro fua fepultura eligerit. 



As FOR THE BURYING OF A PrINCE NTGHE OF THE BlOOD ROYALL. 

ITEM, as for the burieing of a Prince nigbe of the blood royall, if hee fliould bee car- 
Tied, hee muit bee laid in a newe chefte, and the chelte covered with white damaflce, with a 
^crofTe of redd velvett thereon, as longe as the chert is of length and breadth, and an image 
made as like the perfon as maie be devifed, and putt on the immage the fame robes that the 
perfon wore when hee was crowned; or the prince with his circle on his heade; and the 
immage mull be laid, over the cheile in a charett, like as he laid therein himfclfe ; and the 
charrett to be covered with blacke, and the fides rolled up that any man may fee the immage; 
and fix horfes, trapped all in blacke; the foremofte horfe with the arms of Saint George, 
and all the other horfes with fuch armes as the prince or ertate did beare ; and yf he had 
more armes than one, then the laft horfe fave one to beare the mod worfhipfull armes that 
he bare. And as manie lordes that rideth with him to have robes after tlieire ertate, With 
their hoode farre hanging over their ears; and to have tvvelve or fixteene, or twenty -four 
torches borne with men a fooce gocing aboute the courfe clad all in blacke; and a carte 
goeing there with torches, foe that when one is' wafted, to take another; and when he 
come to the towne where he (hall abide all night, yf he be a duke, or above, the proceflion 
to meete hiin without the towne ; and foe to convaye him to the church, with all the bells 
ringing both when hegoeth and when he cometh : and when he cometh to the church, lordes 
to take the image and cheft downe, and beare him faire into the church ; and the faid lordes 
goeing on foote in everie towne of worfliippe ; that is to faie, earles and barrons about the corpfe, 
and then to have a dirge, and to be watched everie night by twelve knights and efquires att 
the leaft ; and on the morrowe to have a maffe; and a gift to be given to the church for a 
remembraunce that he maie be prayed for; that is, a booke, a bell, a teftament, and a 
challis : and foe to be convayed to the place where he fli.ill be buried ; and there to be or- 
deined a royall herfe double barred all about, and covered all with blacke ; and that done, 
the corpfe to be brought in by the great eftates and fett Jn the herfe; and all the ladies 
of his blood to kneele within the innermoft raile, and the greateft eftares next of his blood to 
kneele att the head, and others to kneele on both fides: and yf there be little roome, fome 
to kneele att his feete, and thtire vifages towardes the high aulter ; and in like wife in the' 
utter barres to kneele, the lordes that be nigh of his bloode, and other lordes and ladies 
to kneele without the barres : and yf the king be in prefence he mufl have a traverfe of 
•blewe on the right hand of the quire, and to have on his robes of blevi'e •, and yf he have on 
his mantle, he niuft have his hood laid on his fhoulder, faftened on the one fide with 
an owche of gold, his cap of eftate of blewe on his head, and his fcepter in his hande; 
and yf he wcare not his robe, he muft have his hoode flived about his necke ; his cappc of 

eftate 



TOR^THE REGULATION GF HIS HOUSEHOLD. iji 

eftate on his heade ; bis fcepter in his hand ; and 'the c'lamberlaine to beare his rrrnn ; 
a;id yf he be a great duke, forty-eight torches is little enoughe, borne by poore men chid in 
blacky; and when the dirge is done theeftates to c;oc to the io^dgingc, and on the rnorrowe 
a nialle to be in hkev.'ifc ; and the king to ofler firfl, then al! the eftates of woemcn 
that be within the herfe, and yf the kinge's mother be in [rrefence, (lie to goe abo\c 

'led by a lord or twoc, and other eftates of women to goe twoe and twoc io:;ether., and in 
like wife all the lord. t: that be within the barres, evcept the kinge's fonne or brorhcr, beinp,c 
heire apparaunte, he Piiall goe alone; and when malTe is doi:c \at the ellatcs that be nigh 
of his blood withdT.wc them home to theire lodgcinge, and Ictt the bifhoppe and other 
eftates burye the corpfe. And as for the ufiicrs I knowe noe n-.or.e that they ought to doe, but 
at the ofiering lay the king his cusfliions and make th.e lodgeing by t'le v/aie, and fee that 
the watch be fett and kepte in everye church ; and the chamberlaiae to overfee akog-ether, 

rand fee that all this be done in the manner aforefaide. 



Tme Burying cf an Earle, 

The interment of the carle of Sahfburie att Brefiiall, in the fliire of Buckingham, tlie 
fifteenth daie of Februarie in the fecoud yeare of King Edward the fourth, and of Sir Thomas 
his fonne, in two coffins ta one chariott with fix h^rfes tn-appcd, the firfl in St. George's 
artnes, the remnant covered in blacke, a banneroll of St. George before him, and twoo be- 
hind. Firft, the daie before the -conveying of the bodie and bones of the faid earie and his 
fonne, the earle of Warwicke, fonne and heire of the faid earle, rode after the chariott, the 
lord Montiigne on the right tide afoote, the lord Latimer hi3 fonne on tlie left hand, with 
manie other knights and efqnires afoote, on everie fide, to the number of fiy.reene: the 
eailes banner and ilandard nexte and ymmediately after the ciiaire, and before the earle of 
Warwicke, a rriile without the towne mecteing with the corfe, firil two herakles and twoo 
kinges of armes, with the coates of armer^ of the faid earle at every corner of the chaire, crn- 

the 

procefllon, accompanied with thx: lord Haflings, the Kinge's CJwmberlaine, the lord Eitz-hugb, 
and manie other knightcs and efquires in great nomber, convaighinge; the corpes, the fonne 
before the father, into the quire, where as' well the herfe of the iaid earle, as the herfe of 
the ladie and wife to the faid earle, was prepared and ordained in folemne and honorable 
wife, as appertained to the eftate of an carle and conntelTe ; the corfe of her tjiiey laitl the 
fpace of halfe an howre before the cominge of her hufband's, the herfe of' the ladie above 
next the aulter, the pauU and per-clofe covered with white, and the herfe of the earle be- 
neathe in the quire, the pau! antl per-clofe covered v/ith blacke-, the drft herfe of the 
faid counteffe above covered with white: within the paull and per-clofe were the ladies that 
fo'loweth, the dutches of Suffolke, the ladie Fitz-hugh, the lady Haftinges, the 
■ladie Standleye, the ladie Margarctt of Sallifburie, the ladie Motintague ; the caries 
within the pur-claufe and pauli covered with blacke, where the coffer with the bones 
of the carles fonne Sir Thomas was laid und^r the coffer of the earle .his father, were 
the lords that followeth, the Duke of Clarence the King's brother, the Duke of Suffolke, 
the earie of Warwicke, the earle of VVorceller, the lord Montague, the lord Haftiuges, 
the lord Fitz-hugh, with manie othej: kn-ig.htes atid nobles vvitho^lt ; att the corners of the 
head of the faide herfe, on the right fide the banner, flood Gaiter Kinge of armes in the 
coate of the faiid earles armcs i oa the left fide the ftandard there flood Clareocioux 

S King 




c 



132 ARTICLES ORDAINED BY KIN^G HENRY VII. 

King of armes ; and att the corners of the feete of the faid hearfe were other two heroldefj^. 
Windlbr and Chefter, in coates of the faid earles armes, whh manie other heraldes and pur- 
fevantes, during, the obfervaunce of the dirge till the voide was done. Alfoe on the morrow 
after, the Rates, princes, lordes and ladies, came in to the high malTc, the faid kinges of 
armes and herroldes brought out ot the reveftrie folempnlie and. honorablie everie of them, 
that is to faie. Garter the coate of armes, Clarentiouxe the fliielde, Windfore the fworde, 
Chefter the helme and timber, and convayed them to the heade of the faid carle's herfe,. 
holding the coate of armes and the fword ; on the right fide the (hield, on the left fide thc 
helme and timber .- att the heade in the midft without the paull and pur-clofe unto the 
offeringe. Item, after the gofpell of the maffe, the two kinges went forth to the weft doore- 
of the church, whereat there was readie a man armed on horfebacke trapped, with an axe 
in his ri gin hand the pointe downewarde^ the faid herald receaved him and convayed him 
to the quire doore of the churche, where he alighted, holdeing in his hand the faid horf6 
trapped in the armes of the faid earle. Item, at the ofleringe, the earlc of Warwicke, con-- 
Taighed betweene two noble and worfhipfull knightes, offered the raaffe-penney and ftoodi 
apart on the right fide of the Buiihopp. 

ITEM, the kinge of armes proceding to the offeringe with the coate of armea; 
before the earle of Worcefttr, delivered the faid coate to the' earle with due reverence, 
offering the faid coate, and after the faid Bifhop delivered the faide coate to the earle 
of Warwicke as heire, in tokeninge that the faid coate belonged in right to him ; after the 
v/hich deliveraunce the faid earle of Warwicke delivered the laid coate to the faid king of 
armes, as it apperteineth to his office to doe ;. the faid kinge of arrnes ftandinge apart on 
the right fide with the faid coate. Item, the Iheild borne by a king of armes before the lord 
Montngewe ia reveient '.vife delivered as is faid before to the heire, and redelivered' againe ■ 
to the kinge of armes to doe as it appertained, as before is faide. Item, the fword borne 
by the herrold before the lord Flaftinges,. in like wife delivered, redelivered, and offered to 
the faid herrold, as before is faid. Item, the timber and helrae borne before the lord Fitz- 
hngh by an herold, as is before faid, delivered, ofR-ed, and redelivered to the faid her- 
rold, the king of armes and hcrrolds on the right hand, the other on the left fide, to the end 
of the offeringe. Itein, the refidue of the herroldes and perfevauntes conneinge before the 
man of armes and hor/e trapped, the faid man of armes convaied betweene two barrons was- 
by them prefented, snd offered his armes and horfe to the churche j and afterwards was 
couvaighed throughe the church to the reveffrie, there receaved and the man unarmed. Item, 
then the Duke of Clarence convaied betweene twoo barrens to the offeringe, offred a 
noble. Item, the Dutchefs of Suffolke and the Duke together, each of them offered a 
IkuU. Item, the earle of Warwicke comeing againe, for himfelfe offered twenty pence. 
Item, the re fid ue of ladies and gentlewoemen wkh other knights and efquires and gentlemen 
offred ; the lordes and ladies returninge into the herfes before faiJe. Item, the lordes re- 
turned into the paul and pur-clofe of the hcrfe, made theire prefentacion and offeringe of 
e-lothes of golde of bodkine unto the corpcs then prefent ; that is to faie, one a length 
ihe co^fe and other over, like a crofle ; the yongeil barron firft, the twoo barrons after,, 
and foe the third; everie barron one, everie earle twoe, the duke of Suffolke three, 
the Duke of Clarence four; everie earle after the barrones, the dukes after the earles, 
att everie time till they had offered their clothes •» the yongeff of eftate firft beginning ; 
the mod noblcfte the richeffe clothes.. Item, when the offering was done, the faid kings 
of armes and herroldes in mod: humble and reverent wife bare forth the faid coutf f 
armes* Ihield, fword, and helme and tyraber, unto tbs fepulture where the corfe Ihouid 



FOU THE REGULATION OT HIS HOUSEHOLD. 13^ 

he buried, and with due reverence fetting there on the tonabe in the middell, the coatc 
of armes, att the heade above the helme and timber, the (heild underneath the fword, 
hangeing by the banner on the right fide at the heade, the flandard att the fame fide att 
the foote; and this obfervaunce done did of their coates. Item, in tokcninge that the 
coate was delivered and redelivered by the heire, the faid carle's herrolde in the faid coate 
revefted, flood before the herfc before the prefence of the faid lordes -dureing the remnauntc 
•of the faid maife unto the buryeing of the faid corfe. 



S t 



ORDINANCES FOR THE HOUSEHOLD 
MADE AT ELTHAM 



I;N THEXVmh YEAR OF 



K I; N G; H E N R Y YUL 



A. D. 1526- 



Brom a Copy Iip the Plarleian Library,. N° 642^ 



IC 



[ ^i1 ] 



APUD ELTHAM MENSIS JANUARII ANNOXVlI. REG. HENR.VIIf. 

Articles devised by the King's Highness with the advice of his Councell Foit 

THE ESTABLISHMENT OF GOOD ORDER,. AND REFORMATION O^ SUNDRV ERROtTRS ANIX 
MIS-USES IN HIS MOST HONOURABLE HOUSEHOLD AND ChAMBER; WHICH HIS GrACE 
CHARGETH HIS HEAD OFFICERS AND OTHERS TO WHOM IT SHALL i^PPERTAINE, TO SEE 
DUELY TO BE OESERVED, OBEYED, AND EXECUTED, AS THEY WILL. AVOYD HIS HIGH 
©ISPLEASIXRE. 



The Proheme. 

FIRvST, u is not unkViowne bow the King's Highneffe foone after his firft afluraptiott 
of his corone and dignity royal, for the defence of the church, and for fundry other 
great and notable refpe(5ls and caui'es, was inforced and brought ujnto the warres ; wherein hi» 
Grace, not for any inordinate appetite or defire, but for the weale of Chriftendom, the 
honour, tuition, and defence of this- his realrae and fubjcfts of the fame, hath much travailed 
and be^n occupied, in ftich wife as many of the officers and minifters of his houfehold being 
employed and appointed to the makeing of- provifions and other things concerning the warrs, 
the accuftomed good order of his houfehold hath been greatly hindrcd and in manner fub- 
vertcd ; which by little and little is now come more and more unto an indirect courfe, 
farr from the good conditutions of- old time, and fundry feafons now of late provided in that 
behalfe: wherefore feeing that it hath pleafed Almighty God now to fend unto his Grace 
right honourable and profitable peace wuh all outward regions,, his Highnefs,. among other 
his gratious intents and purpofes, is minded and determined to fee a reformation of the faid 
errors, and ellabiiOv fuch an order, both in his houfehold and chamber aforefaid, as the fame 
being duly fuitilled and obfervcd, all the faid. errors Ihall in brief time be. totally removed 
and extind. 

Provisions of Household; 

Gap. I. And forafmuch as the King's minde and pleafure is at this prefent time'fufTicIently 
notified to the head officers of his faid houffioid by a book * figned of his moft gratious hand, 
what numl)er of pcrfonnges of every degree, eflate, and condition, his Highnefs will admitt 
to he lodged and entertained in his houfe at Boache of Court, and what number of fervants' 
fhall alfoe.be allowed to thenrand every, of them, with the fpecialtyes of their liveries; it is' 
therefore to the King's minde and pleafure that his fa-id head officers, ffiall noton^ly oEtler-his^ 
faid houfehold accordingly, but alfo fee provifions to be made and proportioned thereaJtet 
as (hall appertaine. 

* Thij-boofc, called Sw/^f i7/"C'(7«jf;, follows thefe- Ordinances^ p. i6ii 



I'A <3.RDIN.AN CES iMADE AT E L T H A IHI 



For SroKE. 

Cap. 2. An 'J to the intent the fame provifions may be the more ccnv*nib!y, lionoura' ly:, 
trewly, and poliiiquely aiade, it is the King's com;-nandment aud pleafure that in times con- 
vfenienc the head ofEcers- that is to lay the Lord Steward, Treafurei-j and Ccmprrolier, or 
two of them at the leaft, caUing to them the ColTerer and all other fuch ofEcers of the houf- 
hold as they fnall thinke good, afiembie therafelves in the compting-houfe, not onely to fee 
and confider the Hue of the King's hcufe, but a'.fo fubflantia'iy to reafon, debate, anJ fore- 
fee, how all manner of proviiions, efpecially in groffe, that is to fay, v/heete, wines, beefes, 
jiiuttons, lynges, codds, falmonds, and other fait ftoore, wax, fpices-, and fewell, may poj- 
litiquely, fubftantiaHy, and in mofc availeable manner, for the King's honour and advantage, be 
provided for that year foUowing; reafoning, deviling, and concluding, then and there, by fad 
advice and good deliberation, of and upon tlie rate, proportion, quantitye and qusUities, of all 
and fingular fuch provifions in groflfe as ftiall by eftimation fuitice to ferve the King's houfe for 
that yeare, regillring the fame in fo:ne bookes to remain of record in the faid compting- 
houfe; which thing being fubftantially accomplifhed, then the King's faid officers (hall de- 
vife, enfearch, and praftife, the waycs and means how, and in what wife, the faid provifions 
for the King's mofc proffitt and advantage may be made ; and that done, then to confider 
what perfona^ges (hall be raofl: meete and abie to take upon them the charge of the faid pro- 
vifions ; divideing particularly the charge of fuch proviiions to thofe perfons as fliall be 
thought to be moft meete to execute the fame, and not onely to deliver unto them in 
writeing their rates and proportions, with fuch a convenient preft ot money for makeinw the 
faid provifions as the faid officers Ihall thinke good.: but alfo infl:ru(f>:ians by way of re- 
membrance how they fliall order and ufe ihemfelves, fubflantiallvj lawfully, and profitably, 
in the execution of their faid chargCj without tranfgreffion of the King's lawes, charging 
alfo them and everie of them by expreffe article in the faid inftrudlions; to make certificate 
■Mino the faid ofHcers by a certaine day then to be by them prefixed, and limited, what they 
and every of them have or fiiall dec in the effc^kial execution of their faid charge,,- and unoa 
the fame certificate fo made, and knowledge of their doeings and demeanings in that behalfe, 
the (lufFe by then and every of them provided fhall be b^' the faid ofHctrs viev.'ed, feene, 
and comptroUed, wliether the fame be in fubflance, goodnefle, prizes, rate, and propor- 
tions, according to their charges and inftrufticns, and thereupon to allow or difallow, as 
they {hall finde caufe reafonable; and over this, in avoyding, changeing, or em.befieling, of 
fuch (luffe foe provided by the perfonage appointed, it is the Knag's commandment and 
pleafure, that in the viewing, approve-ng, and allowing of the faid provifions, a booke be 
made, fubfcribed with t'le hands of the faid ofBcers, fpecifieing particularly the number, 
-quallityes, quaotityes, rate, weight, and meafure of every thing, foe that it be uot changed 
nor altered at fuch time as it (hall be brought to be fpcnt into the King's houfe or office ; the 
iacie provifions to be againe viewed by the faid head officers at luch time as it (liall be parti- 
cularly brought to be fpent in the King's houfe, fo that it may alTuredly be kuowne that it 
is the fame ftuife before provided, and put in writing without alteration, changeing, or em- 
t^ifeling thereof, or any part of the fame.. 



For 



I N T H E XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 139 



For fresh Acates. 

Cap. 3. It is alfo the King's pleafure and expreffe command, that fuch officers and other per- 
fons as (hall be appointed and authorized to make proviiion of frefh acate, as well for flelh as 
fifh, be not onely charged and inftrudted by the faid officers, how and in what wife they and 
every them fliall, from time to time, chufe and provide the beft and moft feafonable vi- 
tayles of every fort, at prices reafonable, to ferve the King's houfe for his moft advantage 
and profitt ; but alio to bring the fame, foe provided, into the King's houfe in large propor- 
tions, at due time before it (hall be fpent, the faid frefh acates dayly to be viewed and comp- 
trolled by fubftantial perfons to be thereunto affigne'd, as well in the kitchens for the King 
and Qiieen as for the houfehold ; to the intent that after a view and comptrollment thereof 
made as well in goodnelTe as of the price, fuch part thereof as is feafonable may be admitted, 
and the refidue to be rejected and difallovved ; and the King rightly chargcth, that all favour 
and afTeflion, corruption and partiallity, be fett afide ; the faid viewers admitt no manner of 
meate, but fuch onely as fhall be meete and feafonable and of convenient price : and over this 
ftreight charge to be given by the faid head ofEcers, to all and lingular the cookes in every 
kitchen, to do their dutyes in drefTmg, fcafoning, and prepareing the faid vitHiualls and frefh 
acates, foe that it be not appeyred nor lofl: in default of not doeing their dutyes. And after 
the fame viclualls fliall be ibe dreffed, the King's exprefTe commandment is, that the clerk 
of the Greencloath fhall from day to day view and fee that the faid meate be ferved forth 
wholely and intirely, and in due proportion, to fuch places as it is provided for, without 
fraude, embeffelling, or diminution, of any part thereof, as they will anfwer to their ut- 
termoft perills ; and the fewers and furveyors to have femblably charge to forefee that no 
parte of the fruidt foe fett forth at the drefler, be in any wife purloyncd, taken away, or 
embefTeled, but wholly ferved as it is fett forth. 

-Attein'Dance of Officers and Ministers of Householt>. 

'Cap. 4. ITEM, it is the King's commandment and pleafure, that as well the head officers 
as all other officers and miniflers of houfehold, as alfo all fuch perfons as be appointed to 
attend and waice in the King's chamber, dayly or quarterly, whofe names be comprifed in a 
booke figned with the King's hand, give their attendance, every man in his roome accord- 
ingly; and the faid attendours in no wife depart from the court, unlelTe they be licenfed by 
-the King, my Lord Chamberlayne, or the Vice-chamberlaine, for the King's chamber ; and 
by the Lord Steward, Treafurer, and Comptroller for the houfehold; or by others to be au- 
thorized by the King's Grace to give fuch lycence ; and that not onely fubflantiall comp- 
trollment be dayly made of the faid attendance, but alfo ofTenders in not doeing their devvtyes 
to be correfted by the difcretion of the faid oilicers, as well by the checking and defalcation 
of their wages, and otherwife accordingly^ 

COMPTINC-HOLSE. 

Cap. 5. ITEM, it is the King's pleafure that viewes and declarations fhall be quarterly 
taken and made of and upoi the employment of fuch money as fliall be advanced and deli- 
vered ly the Treafurer of hu chamber, to the Cofferer or o:her officers and purveyors of 

T ,ht 



140 ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

the houfehold ; to the intent his Grace may know certainely, whether his faid monej'' be 
fpent and hid out truly and profitably as it is appointed ; and that the faid cofferer (hall in 
inofl: effeftuall, pollitique, and availeable manner, caufe the faid provifions to be made in 
due time and feafon, and of the bed and mclT: feafonable vift'ualls, of every fort appertaine- 
ing to the King's fuid houfehold; and that the provifions foe made, be converted to the 
King's ufe, and brought into his houfe : and over that to fee that the King's money be onely 
employed to that ufe and no other. 

ITEM, It is ordeyned that the clcrkes of the Greenecloath, or one of them, be dayly at- 
tendant in the compting-houfe for the engroflement of dayly bookes of the expences of the 
day before, in the time of the houfehold keeping ; according to the old ufage and auntient. 
cuftomes of the King's houfe. 

ITEM, the chiefe clerke of comptrollm.ent to be there in like wife, for the overfight and: 
comptrolling of the faid booke. 

Bake-house. - 



his houfehold, be well and fubitannally provided or the bell (tuft that can be gotten 
and by their poUicyes at the beft prices to the King's mofl honour and proffitt ; and that iht 
laid provifions be wholly brought to the King's garners,, without converting any parte, 
thereof to any other ufe. 

ITEM, it is ordeyned that the Serjeant of the bakehoufe, bakers, and other ml- 
nifters haveing charge to make and bake bread within the court, as well for the 
King's mouth as the houfehold, do make the fame in good and feafonable manner- 
v.'ith the convenieat afiife, according to the auntient ordinary of the faid houfehold. . 

Pantrv, 

Cap. 7. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the Serjeant of the pantry, with all the officers of th« 
fame, give good attendance dayly, as well in ferving the King as his houfehold, and con- 
forme them to fuch orders and rules as be made according to the (tatutes of auntient cnf- 
tome of the King's houfe, as well in mynillration and iffueing of his breade as otherwife ; 
and that no fervice be done in the faid ofhce by any fubftitutcs, but onely by fuch as be the.. 
King's fervants, and of the faid office. 

Celler. 

Cap. 8. ITEM, it Is ordeyned that the Serjeant of the celler, with all officers of the ■ 
fame^ give like attendance in their fervice, as well in ferving the King's Grace as his houfe- 
hold ; and that they keepe their office of the celler cleaue, without fervant^ or others, ac- 
cording to the ftaiutes aforefaid. 

3 ITEM, 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING H E N R Y VIU. 141 

ITEM, it is ordcyned that the King's purveyors of wynes fhall fee that fuch provifions 
as ihcy doe make for the King and his houihold be good, and of the beft ; and they by their 
pollicyes doe purvey the fame at the beft price, for the King's moft proffitt and advantage; 
and that they do not embefiell, fell, or put away, any parte of the fame provifions, but bring 
the fame fullie and intirely to the King's cellars and ftorehoufes, according to fuch propor- 
tions as fliali be given unto them, and a view to be made thereof by the officers of houfehold 
for certaine knowledge to be had that the full proportion is wholly brought in, v/ithin a 
inoneth after the comeing of the vintage at the furr.heft» 

BuTLERY. 

Cap. 9. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the buttlers of ale give their attendance in their office 
in ferving of the King and his houfehold as the officers of the celler have in charge, and ac- 
cording to fuch rules and ordinances as be made for the fame. 

ITEM, it is ordeyned that the purveyors of ale and beere fliall fee that fuch provifions as 
they doe make for the King and his houflioid be good and of the beft ; and the veflells to 
be of true gage and fully filled or it be conveyed from the Brewers houfe, and foe the fame 
doe caufe to be brought for the King's houfe well and feafonable, as much as to them doth 
pertayne ; according to the cuftomes of the King's houfehold heretofore ufed, 

Clerkes of the Spicery. 

Cap. 10. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the clerkes of the fpicery, or two of them at the le?.ft, 
be dayly refident in their office, to fee the iffueing and comeing in as Well of all manner of 
fpice, vvaxe, and other, as it may be ufed to the King's moft honour and proffit ; and to fee the 
iifue and expence of waxe that fhall be dayly fpent in the King's houfehold, and that the 
lluffe of waxe perteyning to the faid office be good and not mixed with tallow, and of the 
beft i according to the auntient cuftomes and rules of the King's houfehold. 

Chauj^drt. 

Cap. II. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the Serjeant of the chaundry^, with all the officers 
'of the fame, give their dayly attendance in their office, for the ferving of the King's 
Grace and his houfehold to the moft proffitt they can. 

EURVE. 

Cap. 12. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the Serjeant of the ewry, v/ith the officers of the 
fame, give their dayly attendance in their office for the ferving of the King and his houfe- 
hold -, and that their ftufF be well and fweetly kept and handled, foe that his Grace and his 
houfehold be well and cleanely fsrved, to the King's honour : according to the old cuftorae 
of his houfe. 

T 2 Confectionarie 



142 ORDINANCES MADE AT EL T HAM 



CONFECTIONARIE AND WaFERY. . 

Cap. 13. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the oflicers of the confeclionarie and wafery gly*- 
their dayly attendance in ferving of the King and others, as apperteyneth to the.faid. 
officers J according to the auntient cuflome of the King's houfe. 

Glerkes of the Kitchen, 

Gap. 14, ITEM, it is ordeyned that the chiefe clerke of the kitchen, with the two ' 
under clerkes of the fame, give good attendance to, fee the fcrvice of the King, and ^his - 
houfehold ; and to fee efpecially that fuch ftuffe of vidualls as perteyneth to the King's diflj^ 
b'ee of the beft and fweetelffluffe. that can be gotj and in likewife for every eftate and othen 
within the King's houfe, according to their degrees ; and that the ftuffe may be in the Jarder 
in good houre, foe .that the cookes may have reafonable leafur& for the good feafoning of' the 
fame ; and the fame foe drefled to be ferved by the overfight of the faid clerkes of thcr 
kitchen in due and perfect manner, to the King's moft: honour and proffitt, without em- 
beffelling or takeing away any parte of the, fame to any other ufe. . 

Master Cookes and others. . 

Cap. 15. ITEM,' it is ordeyned that every of the mafler cookes give their dayly at- - 
tendance in ferving the King, the-Queene, and his houfehold, and that their meates be good 
and fweete, and to fee the fame well drefled ; and to caufe the cookes under them to fee 
all fuch vidualls as fhall come to their hands be well and feafonably drefl"ed, and the fame 
to ferve out at the dreffours by the overfight of the faid clerke of the kitchen, without em- 
beffelling or takeing away any parte of. the famej according to the old cuftome of the King's . 
hpufe. 

The Larder,' 

Cap. 16. ITEM, It is ordeyned that the Serjeant of the larder, with all the officers of the-^ 
fame, fhall give their dayly attendance, and to fee that all fuch vifcualls as ihall come to 
their hands for the Kiog's Grace. and his houfehold be vrell and feafonably dreifed ; as wellthfi- 
flelh as filh. 

The Acaxry. 

Cap. 17. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the Serjeant of the acatry and-the two- purveyors ?of ■ 
the fame office fliall fee that fuch provifions as be made for beefe, muttons, linge, coddes,' 
and other vidualls touching his office, as well flefli as fi(h, be good and of the beft ; and that 
they by their pollicies doe purvey the fame whoie aiid intirely 10 the King's ufe, according. 
to ittcb proportions x is given unto tkem« 

Sii- 



FN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIIL 143 



Sea-Fisher. 

Cap. 18. ITEM, it is ordeyncd that the King's purveyor of fee-fi(h fliall fee that fuch 
provilions of fee-fifh as hee doth make for the King and his houlhold, bee good and of 
the beft'; and that hee, by his poUicy, doe purvey the fame at the bed price; for the 
King's moft proffit and advantage; and that he doe not embeflell, fell, or put away any 
parte of the fame provifion, but bring the fame wholly and intirely to the King's ufe, ac- 
cording to fuch proportions as fhall be given unto him from time to time; and that 
the dorfers keepe their due gage as fliall appertaihe* 

Cap. ig. ITEM, Itis-ordeyned that the Serjeant of the Paltrey, with the purveyors of 
the fame, Ihall fee that fuch provifions of pultrey as they do make for the King and his 
houfehold be good and of the beft ftuffe; and that they, by their pollicies, doe purvey the 
fame at the belt prices for the King's moft proffitt and advantage; and that they doe not 
embeflell, fell, or put away, any parte of the fame provifions, but bring it wholly to the 
King'soffice of the pultrey, for the ufe of his Grace and his houfehold i according to - fuch • 
proportions ^s fhall be given them from time to time» 

Squillery. 

Cap. 20. ITEM, it is ordeyncd that the Serjeant of the fqulllery, with all the oiEcers of 
the. fame, give their dayly attendance upon the King's Grace and his houfehold; and to fee 
his vefTells, as well filver as pewter, to be well and truly kept, and faved from loffes and 
Healing •, and that they doe make true provifion of coales and other fluff perteyning to their 
ofBce, and to bring the faid provifion to the King's ufe and his houfehold, without any 
embezelling or takeing away any parte of the fame; and to fee the true rayniftra- 
tions of the fame, according to fuch directions and flatutes as be made in the King's 
houfe. 

The Pastry and Salsery; 

Cap. 21. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the Serjeant of the paftry, and all the ofHcers of the 
fame, Avail give their dayly attendance to ferve the King and his houfehold; according. to 
fuch ordina.nces and flatutes as be made for the fame. : 

Marshalls and Ushers of the Hall» 

Cap. 22. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the marflialls of the hall fhall give their dayly at- 
tendance, in execution of iheir office in every behalfe, according to fuch ordinances and 
Hatutes as be made for the faae; and in like wife the Serjeaat of the hall, with a!i other 

officer* ~ 



144 ORDIH ANC:£S M ADE AT EL T HAM 

officers of the fame office, give their like attendance accordingly ; and alfo fewers and fcr- 
veyors of the hall ufe themfelves in like manner. 

Porters. 

Cap. 2.3. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the Serjeant Porter, with all the officers of the 
lame, fhall give their daily attendance at the Gate, two or three of them at lead; and that 
they ufe themfelves according to fuch ordinances and directions as b€ made withia 
his houfehold, for the King's moll honour and proffit. 

Amners. 

Cap. 24. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the Amners of the King's houfehold doe -exe- 
cute their office, in every behalfe, accordiiag to the flatutes and ordinances made for the 
fame. 

Stable. 

Cap. 25. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the King's Avencr, with the two clerkes of the faki 
office, doe give their dayly attendance, as well for the check roll, as all other concerning 
provilions to be made for the King's ftable, according to the ftatutes made and ordeyned 
for the fame. 

Cap. 26. ITEM, it is ordeyned that ihere ffiall be no liveries of meate nor drinke 
made to no chambers in the court in the time of the hall keeping, but onely to fuch cham- 
bers as be ordinarily accaftomed whea the hall is kept^ whereof allovvauce alhrayes is ufed 
to be made in the compting houfe. 

Order for exteuce of v/axe xights. Sec. spent in the King's chamber. 

Cap. 27. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the King's groom-porters and Queen's fnall fetch 
noe vvaxe, whire-lightes, wood, nor coales, more then reafonable ought to be fpent, by 
the overfight of the gentlemen ufliers ; and that the faid groome porters doe dayly bring in 
the remaine of torches and other vvaxe remaining overnight, by nine of the clock in the 
morrow; and for lack of doeing thereof to loofe for every tyme one wcekc's wages; 
the fame to be overfeenand executed by the clerk comptroller from time to time-. 

Cap. 28. ITEM, it is ordeyned that the King's gentlemen ufliers and the Queen's, being 
in dayl\' wages, doe make daily records at meale tymes of bread, ale, and wyne, as it is 
fpent in the faid chamber; and the faid recordes dayly to bring into the compting-houfe, 
according to lae old cuflome of the King's houfe ; and that they doe fetch livery for 
All-night for the King and the Queen, between eight of the clock and nine. 

Gap. 



IN THE XVlIth YEAR OF KING H E N R Y VIII. 145 

Cap. 29. iTEPvI, it ig ordayned that all lords, ladyes, and knights, and oilers being 
lodged within the King's houfe, have no liverie nor bouch of court to their chambers nor 
carriage after they be departed the court, they being abfent the fpace of fourteen dayes, till 
they returne againe. 



DiSPOILE OF PLEASURES AND COMMODITIES IN NOBLEMEn's AND GENTLE.ME^i's HOUSES" 

TO BE LEFT. 

Cap. 30. And, becaufe it is often and In manner dayly fcene, that as well Irr the King's 
owne houfes, as in the place-s of other noblemen and gentlemen, where the King's Grace doth 
fortune to lye or come unto, not one!y lockes of doores, tables, formes, cupboards, treOells, 
and other ymplemeats of houfchold, be carryed, purloyned, and taken away, by fuch fer- 
vants and others as be lodged in the lame houfes and places ; but iilfo foch pleafures and 
Gommodkies as they hare about their houfes, that is to fay, deer, fifh, orchards, hay, 
c-orne, grafie, pafture, and othor llore belonging to the fame noblemen and gentlemen, 
or to others dwelling neere abouts, is by ravine taken, difpoiled, wafted and fpent, wiihout 
lycence or confent of the owner, or any raotiey paid for the fame, to the King's great diflaon- 
our, and the no little damoge and difpleafure of thofe to whofe houfes the Kiug's Ilighneffe 
doth fortune to repairer It is therefore the King's pleafure and Ikaight commandment, that 
the gentlemen uihers and yeomen ufiiers, makeing lodgeings from time to time within the 
Xinge's c-ourte, fhall fee and note fubrtHntiidly wh :t lockes, kcyes, and other fach ympie- 
ments as be before mentioned, they doe finde in the chambers where they make iodgeing, 
giving ftraight charge unto fuch perfons whom they doc put and lodge in the fame, that 
every parcel! thereof be fafely left in the fame chamber, and re-delivered with the key of the 
chamber to the keeper of the houfe, or other perfon deputed to receive the fame, at their 
departing; without ymbeflelling, purloyning, or carrying away any part thereof, upon paine 
of imprifonment, and makeing reiiicution to the partie of double the value of the thing fo 
imbeffelled or purloyned. And that the harbingers give femblable charge unto thofe to whonn 
they fliall give Iodgeing or appoint in the townes, houfes, and places, neer unto and about 
the court, that no perfon prefume to take by high vvords, ravine, violent countenance, or 
Other undue raeanes, any vy^ualls, hay, corne, graffe, pafture, or any other thing, without 
money ; and put their horfes into clofes, fields, or paftures, vvirhout confent of the owner, 
and paying for the fame afier the King's price ; nor deftroy any man's deere, connies, fifh in 
their ponds and waters; or difpoile or intermeddle in their orchards, or other their pleafures- 
®r commoditycs, upon paine of imprifonment, and reftoring the double to the party, as ia 
aforefaid. And furthermore, m avoyding thefe inconveniencies and diverfe others, that none 
of the faid gentlemen uftiers give lodging or chamber in the King's houfe to any perfon, 
but fuch ns ordinarily be appointed to have bourh of court, and lodging within the fame j 
nor alfo the harbingers to give lo<igeing in the towne to ftrangers, except they ftiall be ap- 
pointed by the King's Highnefs or his councell to the contrary, till fuch time as firft the or- 
dinarie to them afligned be fullie and intirely fervcd, foe as for the particular lucre, thanke, 
or profHt, ftrawgers be not preferred in Iodgeing and harbigage, and thofe Vv^hich.be al- 
lowed to have the fame the v.'orfe lodged, or totally difappointcd, as they will avoyd the 
loffe of' their offices, and rurther puniihment at the King's pleafure -, for which purpofe a 
booke is made at this prefent time, Hgned with the King's hand, to remaine with the uiliers 
and harbingers, defcribing the num.ber that every perfon, of what eftate, degree, or condi- 
tion he bee, fhall have and keepe about him, either within the courte, or in the towne and 

placc^ 



U6 ORDINANCES MADE AT.ELTHAM 

place neare unto the fame, at his comeing or repairing thereunto; which order the fald 
ufhers and harbingers fhall obferve, and follow accordingly, upon paine of lofTc of their 
.offices, as is abovefaid. 

Appointment OF Officers and Ministers in the Household of good qitallitie. 

Cap. 31. And, to the Intent the King's Highnefs may be fubftantially ferved in his 
chamber and houfehold, by fuch perfonages as be both honeft in their geflure and beha- 
viour, and alfo expert in fuch roomes and offices as be deputed unto them ; confidering alfo 
the great confufion, annoyance, infeftion, trouble, and difhonour, that enfeweth by the 
numbers as well of ficklic, impotent, inable, and unraeete perfons, as of rafcalls and vaga- 
bonds, now fpred, remayning and being in all the court; whereby all fuch noblemen 
and others cf good behaviour as be allowed to hav^ bouch of court be oftentimes difappointed 
of the fame; the King's Highnefs therefore hath given charge unto his vice-chamberlaine 
and captain of his guard, for his utter chamber; and to Sir Henry Guileford knight, comp- 
troller of his houfehold, for the fame his houfehold ; and femblably to the Queen's cham- 
berlaine, and vice-chamberlayne for the Qiieen's fide and chambers ; to make view, fearch, 
and report, of the fufficiency, abillitie, demeanour, and quallityes, of all fuch perfons as 
be officers, mynifters, and fervants in the faid houfehold and chambers; to the intent that 
fuch of them as {hall be found impotent, ficklie, unable or unmeete perfons, to occupie 
the fame roomes, may be knowne; and their names and defaults put in writeing ; which 
done, the King's Highnelfe not willing any of his old fervants to be rejected, and left without 
fome competent liveing, unleffe their demerits fhould fo require, is of his gratious difpofi- 
tion, mynded to give order, that fome convenient enterteynment ffiall be affigned for every 
one of. them, towards their liveing ; and to be difcharged from attendance in his houfehold j 
and other able, raeete, honen:, and fuff.cicnt perfons, to be fubrogate and put in their 
roomes and places ; which faid entertainment, upan the death of any of the faid perfons 
difcharged, the King's pleafure is, Ihall ceafe and be extinft, and not to be of new graunted 
to any other perfon ; wherein the King's Highnelie chargeth the faid perfons deputed to 
make fearch and report thereof, to put aparte all favour, affeciion, hate, and partiallity; 
and, as well now as from henceforth, to name, prefer re, and prefent, unto the King's 
Highncffe, and the officers to whom it ffiall appertayne, none other to be admitted into any 
.roome, office, or place, within the King's faid houfehold or chamber, and efpecially thofe 
which, beginning in low roomes, be accultomed by courfe to afcend unto higher ; but fuch as 
be of good towardneiTe, likelyhood, behaviour, demeanour, and convcrfation ; and as nigh 
as they can, to have refpecl that they be perfonages of good gellure, countenance, faffiion, 
and ilature ; foe as the King's houfe, which is requifite to be the myrrour and example of all 
others within this real me, may be furniffied of mynifters and officers, elecl, trycd, and picked^ 
.for the King's honour, .as to good reafon and congruence doth apperteyne. 



DlMrNUTION AlCD REFORMATION OF THE Gl'ARCE. 

Cap. gi. And, forafmuch as by reafon that the King's Highnefe hath, in the time of 
the late warres, increafed the number of his guarde above that which was accuflomed, or 
ihall be now needful! to be had ; who not onely doe occupie the greateft part of his hall, 
sDd likewife of his lod^einss neere about the court, but alfo do enterteyne everie of them 

one 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING H E N R Y VIII. 147 

one or two laddes or fymple fervants, to whome they be not able at their owne charge to 
give fufficient and honcft liveinge, and confcquently doe greatcly increafe the fald annoy- 
ance, infeflion and confufion in the court : It is therefore the King's ploafure, that the num- 
bei' of the faid guard (hall at this tynae, and from henceforth, be titablilhed to be of 
perfons ; the yeomen ufhers comprized in the fame number to be taken and elected of fuch 
of them as fliall be thought by his Grace mofl meete for that purpofc, which ihall remaine 
in the wages of 123. by the day, with other allowances as they now have, forefeeing that 
none of them fliall keep any fervants in the court, nor fuaer them to come within the fame, 
but fuch as they fhall have to keepe them in the towne or elfewhere out of the court, at 
their pleafure; and in cafe any of the faid guarde doe to the contrarie of this ftatutej for the 
firft tyme he (liall loofe three dayes wages, for the fecond time a weekcs wages, for the third 
time a moncth's wages, and for the fourth time to be expelled out of their rooms; and that 
the porters fuifer none of their fervants, as nigh as they can, to enter into the King's gate; 
and as for the refidue of the faid guarde which now fliall be dilcharged, the King's Grace is 
contented to make them yeomen oF the crowne: and alfo is of his bleiled difpofition, in con- 
fideration of their fervice, contented that fuch of them as have no offices of his Grace to the 
value of 6d. per diem, fliall have the vviges of 63. by day unchecked ; and thofe which have 
offices to the value of 63. by day, fliall have befide the fame wages ^S. by day unchecked, 
which fliall be paid unto them yearly or half yearly, by the treafurer of the King's chamber, 
and they lycenfed to repaire to their dwelling place, and to be ready to ferve the King when 
his Grace fliall command them, foe that after the death of any of the faid refidue of the 
guarde, not appointed to atteiTd dayly upon the King's perfon, the pleafure of the King is 
their faid wages fliall ceafe and be excindt, and no further to be graunted of new to any other 
perfon. 

For avoyding of excesse of servants, under Officers, and other Lords and 

Gentlemen. 

Cap. 33. It is alfo the King's commandment, that the head officers of the houfehold, the 
King and Queen's chambers, fliall fubflaniially forcfee, that noe manner of perfons, officers, 
or others, have or entertaine a greater number of fervants in the court then be ap^/ointed or 
affigned unto them-, and that fpeciall information and inflru«5lions unto the porters be given, 
how they fliall order themfelves, as well in admitting of fuch as be appointed to have bouch 
of court, as excluding and keeping out of the court all other fervants; the fliid fervants al- 
lowed to be alwayes perfonages ot good honeflie, gefture, behaviour, and converfation, and 
that none of them bring into court any of their page^, but they to remaine in the towne or 
elfe-vhere, out of the conrt, as they fliall thinke good ; and to the intent that young gentle- 
men may be brought up in fervice and nurture, it fliall be iawfull to all the King's counfc!- 
lors, the King and Q^ieen's chamberlains, vice-cha.i'berlains, and captaine of the guarde, 
the mafter of his horfes, the henxmen, and the fix gentlemen of the King's privy 
chamber, to keepe every of them one page to attend uj^on the court ; foe that alb.vayes 
he be a gentleman born, well mannered and apparelled, and well conditioned. 

Cap 34. And femblably it is orJeyned, that none of the ferjeants at nrmcs, the heralds, 
purfuivants, or meffengers, the mynftrills, f.ilco.ier^, huntfmen, nor foorernen, have, re- 
.taine, or bring into the court, for any caufe, any boyes or rafcalls, nor alfo other of their 
fervants but fuch as accordeih 10 the ord!n;^:-!e allo.vance of the King's houfthuld, being 

U perfonagei 



h8 ordinances made at eltham 

peiTonnges of honcH: dcmennour and converfation : nor that any fuch their fervants, other- 
wile than is afoielaid, be ini]cicd by the porters to enter into the fame, either for fetching 
of hvcrie, c:ijriap;e of iniccs, cote armours, isiftrnments, bearing of haukes, leading of dogg?, 
or otherwise, but that they, or fome of themfclves, in their owne perfons, fliall doe the 
fame, as to their duty apperiaineth; and if they, or any of them, fhall prcTnme to doe con- 
trary hereunto, they (hall for the firft time loofe three dayes wages, for the fecond time a 
weeke's wages, for the third time a moneth's wages, and for the fourth time to be expelled 
out of their roomt? ; and thofe wiiich have no daily wages, to be defaulked after the fame 
- rate ir. their fees, aimuityes, or largcffes. 

Cap. 35. ITEM, It is furthermore the King's pleafure, that none of the clerkes of the 
King's fii.',nert, or of his privie feale, fhall bring into the King's houfe more clerkes or fer- 
vants, then for every of them two perfons ; nor that the porters fufFer any further number of 
them to ccme within the gates; which order if the faid clerkes doe tranfgrelTe, they fhall 
incurr the King's difpleafure, and be further puniflied by the difcrefcion of the lord privie 
leale, the fecrctary, and head oliicers of the houfthold, accordingly. 

For keepers of Chambers in Court. 

Cap. 36. And becanfe it is commonlie ufed, that fuch perfonages as have ordinarie lodge- 
ings within the court doe, as well for diminution of their charges as otherwife, entertaine 
fimple perfons to keepe their chamber?, or if they have in their chambers perfonages of good 
manner, they will have laddes and other rafkalls under them, to doe their bufinefTe; it is 
therefore ordeyned, that every perfon having aflignement of lodgeing vvithin the court fliall 
at this time prefent before the comptroller, and fuch other as the King fliall appoint for 
that purpofe, fuch as he doth depute to keepe his chamber, and the fame to be hdnefl per- 
fons, and of good flature, gefture, and behaviour, haveing convenient entertainment of their 
lord or mailers for that purpofe, or elfe to be refufed, expelled, and rejected ; and that no fuch 
niynifter or keeper of chamber be fuffered or adoiitted to have any ladde under him to doe 
his bufmelle, but himfelfe, as Hiall appertaine. 

SCOLTONS, AND KEEPING CLEANE OF THE CoURTS. 

Cap. 37. And for the better avoyding of corruption and all uncleanelTc out of the King'is 
houh', vvh'-ch doth ingender danger of infeclion, and is very noifome and difpleafant unto 
all the noblemen and others repaireing unto the fame ; it is ordeyned, by the King's High- 
neffe, that the three mailer cookes of the kitchen fliall have everie of them by way of 
reward yearly twenty marks, to the intent they fha'l provide and fufnciently furnifh the 
faid kitchens of fuch fcolyons as fliall not goe naked or in garments of fuch vilenefTe as they 
HOW doc, and have been accultom.cd to doe, nor lie in the nights and dayes in the kitchens 
or ground by the fire-fide; but that they of the faid money may be found with honefl and 
whole courfe garments, without fuch uncleannefTe as may be the annoyance of thofe by 
whom they (liall palle, and fo to be brought up in that buGnefle, as they being chofen for 
that purpofe may learne hereafter to be cookes; of which faid fcolyons, a certaine number 
a'rernately to be deputed fliall daily, once in the forenoone and cnce in the afternoone, 
Iwcepe and make cleane the courts, outward galleryes, and other places of the court, loc 
as there rcmaitie no filth or uncleannefTe in the lame, but that it be Ihortly remedyed, 

avoyded. 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING H E N R Y VIIL 149 

avoyded, and carryed away ; the fame to be overfcene to be done by the ferjcant of the ball, 
or fome officer of the fame by him to be appointed. 

No Vessell to be cast abroade out of the Chambers. 

Cap. 38. And femblably all fuch as have their lodgdngs within the court fball give flrai.?lu 
charge to the mynifters and keepers of their chambers, that they do notcal^, have, oriay any 
manner of difhes, platters, faucers, or broken meaie, either in the faid galleryes, or at their 
chamber doores, or in the court, or other place; but immediately after they (hall hive oc- 
cupied them, to carry them into the fquillery, leaving the broken meate and reilicjucs being 
in the fame, in a vefTell, which by the officers of the almonry fliall be fett abroad in a place 
to be deputed for that purpofe ; and likewife to put the relliques of their ale into another 
velTell, femblably to be ordeyned for the fame, which vcffells the faid officers of the almoniy 
fliall fett out in a place convenient, giveing their attendance upon the fame, from time 
.to time, upon paine of imprifonment, with further aggravation of puniffiment as their negli- 
gence (hall require, foe that broken meate and drinke be in no wife loO:, call away, or eaten 
with dogges, nor lye abroad in the galleryes and courtes, but may daily be faved for the re- 
Jiefe of poore folks, and to be adminiflered unto them by the almoners as appcrteyncth : 
and in cafe any of thofe which have allowance of lodgeing within the court doe make 
default in the ordering of their fcrvants and keepers of their chambers in manner arid forme 
aforefaid, they fliall, tor the firrt; time, be by the head officers admoniflied to reforme the 
fame, and at the fecond default lack their liverie for that time, and for their third forfciie 
ioofe their allowance, lodgeiug, and bouch of court. 

For avoydikg excesse of Servants to come into the Court. 

Cap. 39. It is alfo the King's pleafure, that no Lord fpirituall nor temporall, nor oth^r 
.nobleman or perfonage, of what eflate, degree, or condition foevcr he be, lodged within the 
court, or not lodged within the court, doe bring with him into the fame any greater number 
of fervants, then a perfon of his degree lodged within the court is allowed to keepe there, 
•unlelTe it be to bring in his lord and mailer, and purchafe drinke, and fo immediately to de- 
part ; though it ffiall bv^ lawfull for cverie of them to keepe the refidue of their fervants 
in the towne, or to attend without the court gate for their lord and maflcr at their pleafure : 
forefeeing allwayes that they be men of honetl converfation, and that will keepe good 
role as is aforefaid. 

None Officer to serve by Sl'bstitutes. 

-Cap. 40. The King's commandment and pleafure is alfoe, that no manner of fervants 
fhall doe any fervice within the King's houfe in any roome or office, by any fubftitute or 
•Other fervants under them, but fuch onely as be admitted the Kin_>'s (ervants in the faid ' 
Toomes and offices; and the)% nor none of rhem, to have any manner of fervants in their 
^offices under them, but fuch as by the head officers of the houfe, and the Kino'a and Queen's 
chambers, after the accuflomed auntient order of the fauic houfe, ffiall bz admitted and 
allowed. 

U 2 Attendance 



150 ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



AlTENDANCE OF THE KnIGIIT MARSHALL* 

Cap. 41. Fafdiennore it is provided and ordeyned by the King^s Highnefle, that the 
Knight JMarfhtill, and his olHcers and depuryes, (bail give their due attendance in the 
courr, for execiiti::n of all fuch things as Ihall concerne the office of the marfhalfy within 
the preciiiiSl of the verge. And among others, the fame knight mardiall fliail have fpeciall 
refpeft to the exclufion of boyes and vile perfons, and punifhment of vagabonds and mighty 
beggars, not permitting any of them to remaine in, about, or neere unto the court; for 
little fliall it prevale to purge the court of unable or unmeete perfons or fervants, if 
vagabonds, and fuch others as fhall be expelled and lack maflers, may remaine in or about 
the fltme ; and femblably he (hall take good regard that all fuch unthrifty and common 
woemcn as follow the court may be likewife, from time to time, openly punilhed, banitlied^ 
and excluded, and none pf them to be fuffiered neere thereunto; feeing all the premifes and 
otiicr things concerning his office to be put in effecflaal execution, as he will anfvvere unto the 
King's lIighnefFe at his periil. And that the lord fleward, or his under fleward, doe 
keepe the courte according to the order of the law and the auntient cuftome of the King's 
houfe- 

Attemdance of the Gierke of the Markett. 

Cap. 42. ITEM, it is alfoe ordeyned, that the clerke of the markett, in avoyding the 
danger of the loffe of his office, and further punifhment at the King's pleafure, fhall duel/ 
and fubftaniially put in execution all fuch things as to his charge apperteyneth, as well for 
vicluails to be had feafonably good and whollfome in the townes and places neere unto the 
courr, as for the juft cbferving of weights, meafures, and rates, afTigned and afTeffed ; and 
likewife. for Tetfing of convenient and reafonable prices, as well upon meate and drinke, as 
upon horfemeate, lodgeing, bedding and other things in fuch cafe accuftomed; foe as the 
noblemen and others attending on the court, and alfoe fewtors and others following the fame, 
be not compelled in default of tKe faid clerke to be put unto cxceffive charge for their ex- 
pences, as they now be ; but fuch indifferency to be ufed therein, as, the plentie or fterillitie 
confidered, (hall accord with equitie, confcience, and reafon. And the King's Highnefs 
ftraightly chargeth and commandeth, that noe perfon, of what efiate or degree foever he 
be, doe in any wife pay more for vif\ualls, horfemeate, lodgeing, or otherwife, then after 
the rates and prices that fhall be affeafTed by the faid clerke of the markett : in avoyding 
jhe King's grievous difpleafure, and further punifhment at the King's pleafure. 

No Dogs to be j:ept in the Cotjrt. 

Cap. 43. The King's HighnefTe alfoe ftraightly forbiddeth and inhibiteth, that no perfon,. 
wliatfoever he be, prefume to keepe any grey-hounds, maftives, hounds, or other dogges, in 
the courr, other then fome few fmall fpaniells for ladyes or others, nor bring or leade any 
huo ihe fame, except it be by the King's or Queen's commandment; but the faid grey-hounds 
and doggs to be kept in kennel's, and other meete places, out of court, as is convenient, foe 
as, the premifes dewly obferved, the houfe may be fweete, wholefome, cleane, and well fur- 
lilfhed, as to a prince's honour and efluue doth apperteinc. 

a DVK.NER. 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 151 



Dykner and Supper in the Hall to be kept at houres certaine. 

Cap. 44. And albeit there is np time certaine to be prefixed, or lymitted, for preparation 
of the King and Queene's meate, but the fame always to be ordered as (hall fland with 
theii high pleafure; yet neverthelefs it is ordeyncd, that the houfehold, when the hall is 
kept, fliall obferve times certaine for dynner and fouper, as follovveth ; that is to fay, the 
firft dynner in eating dayes to begin at tenn of the clock, or fomewhat afore; and the firft 
fupper at foure of the clock on worke dayes; and on holy dayes, the firft dynner to begin 
after the King be gone to the chappel, to his divine fervice, and likewife at fouper. 

Cap. 45. And at fuch time as the King's hall is not kept, the fervice for dynner, as 
well in the King and Queen's chambers, as in all other places of the houfe, where any 
allowance of meate is had, to be obferved at one certaine and convenient houre; that is to 
fay, for dinner at eleven of the clock before noone, or neere thereupon, and for fupper 
at fix of the clock at afternoon, or neere thereupon; not tarrying nor digreffing from this 
order for the King's highneffe, nor for fuch as fhall attend upon his Grace in his difporte or 
otherwife. 

Ordering of the King and Queene*s outward Chambers. 

Cap. 46. Over this, to the intent that due order being eftablidied in the houfehold, there 
5Tiay principallie vigilant regard be had to, the femblable in the King's and Queen's chamber, 
it is ordeyned, that the King's chamberlaine, for the time being, fliall give his utraoft atten- 
dance upon his charge and office; and that the vice-chamberlyn and captaine of the guarde 
doe the femblable; and likewife the Queen's chamberlyn and vice-chamberlyne for her 
fide; foe as by their dilligent attendance and good overfi^hl the King and Queen's cham- 
bers and mynillers of the fame may be kept in due order and attendance, cverie one his 
roome and place as apperteyneth ; and for obferving of dinner and foupper in the King and 
Queene's chamber, the fame to be ufed or fulfilled as before exprelfed. 

Cap. 47. And to the intent, that the King and Queen's faid chambers may be, from time 
to time, in due feafon, dreffed, repaired, and made cleane, and good order of fervice and 
attendance ufed in the fiime ; it is ordeyned, that from henceforth the pages of the King's 
chamber ftiall daily arife at feven of the clock, or foone after; makcing the tire and warneing 
the efiquires for the body fembl.ibly to arife foone after that houre, foe as they may be 
ready in the King's chamber, drefled in all fuch things as ai^perreyneth, by eight of the 
clock at the furtheO-. And moreover, that none of the fervants of the faid efquires for the 
body coiTC within the pallet chamber, but be attendant at the doore of the fame, as well at 
night as in the morning, with fuch garments as their mafters Iball wcare. And that the faid 
pages, at the requeit and commandment of the faid efquires, fetch in and beare out 
their night gcere, and all other their apparell; and in like wile make tlicm ready, as well at 
night as in the morning, accordingly. And in cafe the faid efquires for the body doe not 
arife at the warning of the page, foe as the King's chamber may be ready and dreffed 
by the houre before lymitted, it is ordered, that then immediately when they are up, 
they fhall depart out of the King's chamber in their night gownes, to fuch chamber as is 
affgned unto thera in the court by the gentlemen ufhers or cifewhercj there to make them 

ready, 



152 ORDINAN CES M ADE AT E LTHAM 

ready nt their liberties and pleafures, foe tliat by their long lying in bedd, the drefTing up 
ot the King's chamber, by the houre atore rehear(cd, be in no wife letten, pretermicted, or 
deferred ; and if the fiid efquires, or any of them, refufe or dil'dalne to accomplilh the 
premifes, whereby the good order in the King's chamber in -that behalfe cannot be obferved 
and kept, then the King's co.mmandinent is, that the forefaid page iliall Ihew the fame to 
the lord chamberlaine, and in his abfence to the vice-chamberlyne ; not failing foe to doc 
for affedlion, love, dread, or ofhervvife, as they tender the King's pleafure, and will avoyd 
further puniflitnent, at the difcretion oi' the lord chamberlain, and the vice chamberlain, in his 
abfence. 

Cap. 48. It is ordeyned, that there be daily one yeoman ufsher at the faid chamlocr 
doore, by eight of the clocke in the morning at the furthefl:, to attend and take the 
charge thereof, and not to depart from the fame, except he deliver the fame charge to fome 
other yeoman ufncr of his company ; and that he permitt nor fufFer any man to come in the 
fame chamber, but lords, knights, gentlemen, officers of the King's houfe, and other hpneft 
perfonages, as by his wifdome and difcretion (hall bethought good; reforting in all cafes 
doubtfull- to the lord chamberlyn, or in his abfence to the vice chamberlyn, for know- 
ledge ot their pleafure and minde in that behalfe. And over this, that no man prefume or be 
fulFered to come within the fliid chamber after the King be ferved for All-night, but onely 
the efquires for the body and pages, except fuch as be of the King's privy chamber, who 
in their paffing and repafling through the faid chamber ihall foe ufe themfelves, as they doe 
not diflurbe the faid efquires of ilieir reft and fleepe ; nor alfoe that there be no manner 
of playing at dilfe or cards, ufed within the fame chamber, after the King be ferved for All- 
nighr, except it be by the King's commandment or lycence. And over this, it is ordered, 
that dayly the yeoman ufshers and yeoman wayters for that day, be within the King's great 
chamber by eight of the clock in the morning at the furtheft, giveing their continuall atten- 
dance without departing, except they fliall be otherwayes lycenfed by the lord chamberlyn 
or vice-chamberlyn, in his abfence; and femblaby, that the groomes of the chamber be 
there by the fame houre, and give their like attendance accordingly,- and that one of the 
yeoman wayters (hall dayly take the charge of the door of the lame chamber, not per- 
mitting or fuftering any perfon to enter, but fuch as by his difcreflion fliall be ifeene good 
and meete for that place ; nor any gentleman's page to com.e within the fame chamber, 
except it be to fpeake with his mailer; and his meffage done, incontinently to depart. 

Cap. 49. Furthermore, that the yeomen ufshers and yeomen waiters have good re- 
gard upon all the perlonages being within the fame chamber; and in cafe they fliall per- 
ceive any perfon to be there, not meete nor convenient to be therein, they fliall incontinently 
cxpell and avoyd them from the fame. 

Cap. 50. It is alfoe ordeyned, that whenfomevcr the King's highnelTe fliall dyne or fuppe 
abroade in his owne dyneing chamber, the lord chamberlj'n, or vice-chamberlyn in his 
abfence, fliall give their attendance upon his Grace till he be fetr, and then he and all 
others haveing no place at the King's board, or by a gentleman uflicr appointed to 
attend and waite upon the King, or his board's end, doe avoyd, and none other per- 
fon be futfercd to tarry unltfle it be the King's cfpeciall commandment; and that fuch 
lords, knights, gentlemen, chaplens, and others, as have place within the King's great 
chamber, or any other perfon meete and appointed to iitt within the fame, repaire 
with the lord chamberlyn, or vice-chamberlyn thereunto, doe dyne and fuppe ac- 
cordingly ; foe that after the fame chamber be fctr, the uflier fliall avoyd the fair.e of all 

other 



IN THE XVIIthYEAR OF KING HENRY VIIL u3 

orher perfons, except fuers and groomes of the chamber, and officers, as buttler, pantler, 
and ewer, and cenaine of the fervants of the lord chamberlyn, vice chamberlyn, and captaine 
of the guarde; that is to fay, the lord chamberlyn three fervants, the vice-chamberlyn two 
fervants, and the captain of the guarde one fervant ; and not to exceed that number at the 
mofl ; and femblably in the Queen's chamber, the lord chamberlyn to have three fervants, 
and the vice-chamberlyn two fervants; and after the hme chamber be fett and ferved, 
the keeper of thcdoore fufier noe man to come in but as is afore rehearfed. And furthermore, 
that a yeoman ufher pafle up and dovvne, perufing the faid chamber, at dinner and fupper, 
to fee the good fervice and quiet order of the fame, as to the honour thereof doth apper- 
teyne ; which u(her fliall fuffcr noe man to fitt within the faid chamber, but fuch as have 
place there and fervice allowed for them, except ffraingers of hcneft degree meetc for the 
place; and no more in number, "but according to the faid fervice and length of the table; 
foe that no man doe rehayte, nor ufe himfelfe otherwife iu the faid chamber than to that 
place doth accord. 

Cap. 51. And likewife that the yeomen wayters, upon their wayting day, avoyde and 
purge the haute-pace at the King's chamber-doore, of ail manner fervants, ralkalls, boyes., 
and others, foe as the fame place be not pelfered with any greate number of perfons, 
but as the King may have a large paflage to the Queen's chamber; and that they fee the 
fame haute-pace to be cleane kept, foe that noe ale, water, broken raeate, or other thino- 
conveyed out of the King's chamber, be call or rcraaine there, to the annoyance and 
filthyneffe of the fame. 

DvNiNG OF Noblemen in corkers to be left. 

Cap. 52. And forasmuch as by reafon that fundry noblemen, gentlem.en, and others, doe 
much delight and ufe to dyne in corners and lecret places, ot repaircing to the Kind's 
chamber nor hall, nor to the head officers of the houfehold when the hall is not kept,, by 
reafon whereof the good order of the faid chamber and houfehold is greately impaired, and 
the faid officers oftentimes deftitute of company at their boords; and fuch viand as is allowed 
to be fpent in the King's houfe, appeareth no: to be employed and difpenfed to the icing's 
honour; it is therefore ordered and appointed, that from henceforth, when the King's hioh- 
nefle (hall not dine abroad, in his owne dyning chamber, there fliall be a boord in the fa-me 
furniffied with fuch lords fpirituall and temporal!, to be ferved with the fervice called the 
King's fervice, as for that time fhall be in the courte, being above the degree of a barron, 
and lacking fuch furniture to fupply and fulfill the fam.e boord with barrens; allwayes fore- 
(cene that there be one at the leafl of the degree of an earle, or about the fame; the lord 
chamberlyn likewife to keepe his boord in the utter chamber, calling uiuo him the refidue of 
the barons with other noblemen, fuch as he Ihall thinke convenient j the vice-chamberlyn, 
alfo captaine of the guarde, to keepe theire meffe, takeing unto them for makeinT up thereof 
fome of the carvers and fewers when the hall is not kept, or fuch gentlemen as tliey ihall • 
thinke good ; and fuch gentlemen being ftrangers, as Ihall fortune to be in the court, 
to be placed at the chamberlyn's boord, at the meffe ordinarily appointed for that purpofe ; 
and the other two melTes at the lord chamberlyn's boord, knights and fquires for the body, 
be appointed to furnilh and repair unto, as to the rcfuiue of the King's councell under 
the degree of barons, with the mailer of the King's hurfe and henxmen, they ftall be 
placed with the lord lleward, treafurer, or comptroiier, or they once furniilied, witn the 

cofferer 



» - 



i5< ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTH A IVi 

ready and prompt, to apparrell and dreffe his HighnefTc, putting on fiich garment^;, in re- 
verent, dilcreet, and ibber manner, as fliall be his Grace's pleafure to weare; and that none 
of the faid groomes or uftiers doe approach or prefume (unlefle they be othcrwife by his 
Grace com.manded or admitted) to lay hands upon his royall perfon, or intermeddle with pre- 
pareing or dreillng of the fame, but onely the f.uJ fix gentlemen ; except it be to warme 
cloaths, or to bring to the faid gentlemen fuch things as fhall appeneyne to the apparel- 
ling and drefling of the King's faid perfon. 

Cap. 60. It is alfo ordered th.it the King's doublet, hofen, fliocs, or any other garment, 
xvhich his pleafure (hall be to weare from day to day, the gowne onely excepted, fliall be 
honeftly and cleanly brought by the yeoman of the wardrobe of the robes, or in his ab- 
fence by fome other of the fame office, to the King's privy chamber doore, without entring 
into the fame ; where one of the laid groomes (hall receive the faid garments and appnrell,. 
bringing and delivering the fame to one of the fix gentlemen, to be miniltcrcd unto the King's 
perfon, as (hall Hand with his pleafure.. 

Cap. 6r. ITEM, it is crdeyned that two of the faid fix gentlemen, flial! nightly lie on 
the pallet within the King's faid privy chamber; w^hich pallet (hall be everie night prepared 
and made ready by the groomes of the privy chamber j. and the (ires made up, and lights- 
ordered, afore they fhall depart to their lodgeing?.. 

Capv 62. ITEM, it is the King's pleafure, that Mr. Norres- fliall be in the roome of 
Sir William Compton, not onely giveing his attendance as groome of the King's ftoole, but 
alio in his bed-chamber, and other privy places, as (hall itand with, his pleafure ;. and the 
King's exprefie commandment is, that none other of the find fix gentlemen, prefume to en- 
ter or follow h.s Grace into the faid bi.d chamber, or any other fecret place, unlelie he 
fhall be called and admitted thereunto by his faid grace. 

Cap. 63. lTEi\I, it is ordeyned that fuch perfons as be appointed of the privy cliambefy 
fl-jall be loving together, and of good unity and accord ; keeping fecret all fuch things as 
ihal! be done or faid in the fame, without difclofeing any ]")arte thereof to any perfon not 
being for the time prcfent in the faid chamber; and that the King being abfent, without they 
be commanded to goe with his Grace, they (hall not onely give their contiimall and diligent 
attendance in the faid chamber, but alfo leave harkening and enquiring where the King is,., 
or goeth, be it early or late; without grudgeing, mumbling, or talking of the King's 
paftime ; late or early going to bed ; or any thing dene by his grace, as they will avoyde 
iiis difpleafure ; and it is alfo ordered, that in cafe any of the faid privy chamber fhall 
heare any ot his fellowes, or other jierfon. of what eflate or degree fotver lice bee, fpeake 
or ufe any evil or unfitting language of the King, he fhall with diligence difclofe and (hew. 
the fame, with the fpeciallryes thereof, unto his Highneffc, or lo feme ot his privy councell,. 
luch as he thinketh meete, to fliew and declare the fame unto his Grace. 

Cap. 64. ITEM, the Kinge's pleafure is, that the faid fix gentlemen fliall have a vigilanti 
and reverent refpecf and eye to hisGrace, foe that by his lookc or countenance, they may know, 
what lacketh, or is his pleafure to be had or done; and that as well the ufliers as groomes,, 
place themfelves in their (landing and atteuding, in convenient diftancc from the King's, 
perfon, without too homely or bold advanccing ihemi'elves thereunto, othcrwife than to their. 
roomes doth apperteyne. 

Cap. 65.. 



IN THE XVlIch YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 157 

Cap. 65. It is alfo ordered, that the King being abfent out of his privy chamber, the 
fame fliall be honeftly kept by fuch as be appointed to be thereof, withouc uleing immode- 
rate and continuall play, of dice, cards, or tables therein; and that the faid chamber be not 
ufed by frequent and intemperate phiyes, as the groomc porter's houfe ; howbeit the King 
can be contented, that for fome paltime in the faid chamber, in the abfence of liis Grace, 
■they fhall ufe honelt and moderate play, a$ well ar rhe chefles and tables, as at cards; fore- 
feeing, that as foone as they fliall perceive or have knowledge that the King is rcpaireing 
to his faid privy chamber, they fliall leave and dcfilt from their faid play ; lo as "at his faid 
entrance, they be there reverently attending, as to the office of good,- humble, and reverent 
fervants doth apperteyne. 

Cap. 66. It is alfo ordered, that none of the faid chamber, fliall advance iiimfelfe further 
in fervice, than by the King's highneffe he fliall be appointed unto ; nor prefTe his 
Grace in makeing of futes, nor intermedling of caufes or luatter-^, whatfoevcr they be, 
otherwife than they by his Grace fliall be commanded ; allwayes regarding and remembring, 
the more nighcr his Grace hath called them unto his pcrfon, the more to be luimbly reverent, 
fober, difcreete, and ferviceable, in all their doeings, behaviours, and converfations ; to th:i 
mtenr, that not onely thereby they may deferve the increafe of the King's favour, and good 
report and brewte arife thereby, to the good example of others; but alfo great honour 
and wifdorae may be afcrihcd unto the King's highnellc, that Lis Grace has fo circumfpe6tly 
chofen fuch well quallificd, mannered, and feleft perfons, to be nigh about and attendant 
upon his noble perlbn. 

For. bringing in of Bread, Wyne, And other Viand, into the King's prevy- 

CH AMBER. 

Cap. 67. It is alfo ordered, that in cafe the King's grace will have bread or drinke, that 
one of the gentlemen ufliers of the privy chamber, fliall command one of the groomes of the 
hmey to warne the officers of the buttery, pantrey, and cellcr, to bring the faid bread and 
drinke to the dooreof the faid privy chamber, where one of the uflicrs taking the alfay, fliall 
receive the fame, bringing it to the cupboard and attending thereu])on, till he, by one of 
the faid fix gentlemen, (liall be difcharged thereof-, and femblably, fuch meatc as is provided 
for the King's breakfait, fliall be by one of the faid groomes, brought unto the board or 
cupboard in the fiid privy chamber; where one of the ufliers fliall, as is aforelaid, take the 
aflay, attending and flianding charged therewith, till he fliall be difcharged by one of the 
faid fix gentlemen ; and in like manner, when the king is ferved for All-night, after the 
fame be delivered, one of the faid gentlemen ulhers Audi attend thereupon, till he be dif- 
-charged thereof, as fliail accord. 

Cap. 68. And it is alfo ordered, that ?M fiicli fuel!, wynr, bcere, ale, bread, and waxe, 
as fliall be fpent in the King's faid privy chamber, fliall from time to time be recorded by 
one of the gentlemen ufliers of the fame; caufmg dayly, one of the faid groomes of the privy 
chamber, to carry to the chaundrie, all the rcniaine of morters, torches, quarries, pricketts, 
wholly and intirely, vvirhoucc imbelTeling or purloyuing any parte thereof; thereto be em- 
ployed to the King's profac and advantage. 

Cap. 69. It is alfo ordered, that the King's barber fliall be dayly by the King's uprifeing, 
ready and attendant in the p'ivy chamber; there haveing in readinclle, his water, cloths, 

X 2 Jaiives, 



15? O R D I N A N: C E S M A D E AT E L T H A M 

Jcnives, combe?, fiiTors, and fuc'ne oiher lluffe as to his roome doth appcrteyne, for trlmn.rng 
and drelling t'neKing'b head and bc.ird. /ind that the laid baiuoi caks cfpeciad regard to the 
pure and cieanc keeping ct his own peifon and appareil ; ufeing hirai'elfe alwayes honcltly 
in his converf.ition, without rcfortcing to the company of vfle peilons, or of mlfguided wo- 
men, in avoyding fuch dangers and annoyance as by that nieanes he Height doe unto the 
Kinge's mod rcyall perfon , not failing this to doe, upon paine of loofcing his roome, a;;d 
further puniilur.cni: at the King's plcalare. 

Cap.' 70. And fem'jlably, that the King's pa^e be before h's Grace's uprif^ing, in tlie 
faid privy chamber ; and fo to give continual! attendance, f(;r doeing fuch fervice, as it fnall 
pleafe the King's highnefTe to command him. 

Cnp. 71. All which articles aforefaid, the Kiiig's highneiTe firaightly chargeth and 
commandeth to be duely obferved from time (o time, by the gentlemen ufhers, grconries, 
barbor, and page of the faid chamber, without drgrcfilon from any parte of the fame, 
as they will avoyde the punilhmcats before rehearfed, and have the continuance of his gra- 
ticus favour. 

Cap. 72. And forafmuch as it is not convenient, that any ceftaine time fliould be prefixed 
for the King's gocing to dinner or fupper, as is aforefaid; and that it is requifne that the 
fix gentlemen of the King's chamber, the ufhers, and four groomes of the fame, (hall attend, 
forae upon the King's perfon, and fonie in the chamber-, by reafon whereof, thev cannot 
obferve the houres of meales before prefixed for the houfehold and chambers; it is there- 
fore ordevned, that allowance and provifion be made for one meffe of meate, to be ordinarily 
appointed for the faid groomes and barbor; and that the faid fix gentlemen and two ufliers, 
ihall in fome convenient place to be alhgned, ar.d by the ufliers from time to time, as the 
King Ihall remove, to be appointed for that purpofe, be ferved with two mefles of meate, 
well and fubfrantlaily furnifned ; for which purpofe a good proportion of meate Ihali, by the 
officers of the houfehold, be delivered to the clcrke of the King's privy kitchen ; there to 
be honeftly and well dreiled, and to be fcrvcd at fuch times as (liall be convenient; and if h 
ihall fortune the King's highneffe to goe furth on his hunting and difports, and fliall for his 
j)an.ime, and well accompanying of his perfon, call more gentlemen than the faid fix; ir> 
that cafe, a fubflantiall proportion of two, other m.cffes of meate, fhall be delivered as afore, 
unto the cooke of the King's privy kittchen ; to the intent, that in cafe the King's grace 
retarne not foone, upon the tirne prefixed far dinner and fouper within the chamber and 
houfehold, the fame may be drefled and ferved unto them, in company of the faid fix gentle- 
men accordingly ; which in cafe the King's grace reiurne in time, fliall be wholly and en- 
tirely faved undrefled and returned, to be ouherwife fpent in the ordinarie, by the difcre- 
tion of the ofScers of the houfehold, as fhall apperteyne. 

Cap. 73. And becaufe that heretofore, wdienfomever the King's grace hath gone further 
in walkcing, hunting, banking, or other difports, the moll jiarte of the noblemen anct 
gentlemen of the court have uied to pafie with his grace, by reafon whereof, not onely the 
court hath been left dilgarnifhed, but alfo the King's faid difports, lett, hindred, and impeached; 
it is therefore the King's pleafure and flraight commandment, that noe perfon, of what cltate, 
degree, or condition foever he be, doe from henceforth prefume, to pafle before or after the 
King's highneflV, at his faid time of difporte, but fuch onely as by th.- King's commandment, 
iIi:iU be appointed and warned frora time to time, by one of the gentlemen ulhers of the 

7 King's 



IN THE XVlIth YEAR OF KING H E N R Y VlII. 159 

King's privy chamber, or fome other pcrfcn of the fame i in avoycUng. th? King's dii- 
pleaiure, and amoveiug Ironi the court. 

Establishment of a Counsell. 

Cap. 74. And to the intent, that as well matters of juflice and complaint?, touching, 
tlie greaves of the King's fubjefls, and difordcr of his realme and otheiwile, which flinll for- 
tune to b~ made, brought, und prcfented unto his Highneffe, by his faid fubjecls in his de- 
murre or paiTing from place to place within the fame; as alfo other grcate occurrences 
concerning his o\vne particular affliires, may be the better ordered, and with his Grace more 
ripely debcted, digefted, and refolved, from time to time, as the cafe fhall require: it is 
ordered 'and a-p ointec by his Highncfle, that a good number of honourable, virtuous, 
fadd, wif?, ex;)erte, and difcreete perfons of his counce'l, (hall give th^ir aUcndance upoa 
his moft royall perfon ; whole names hereafter follow, that is to fay, 

The Lord Cardinal), Chancellor of England. 

The Duke of Norfolke, I'reafurer of England. 

The Bifliop of London, Keeper of the Kmg's Privy Sealc. 

The Duke of Suffolk, Marlhall of England. 

The Marquilfe Dorfett. 

The Marqueffe Exeter. 

The Earle of Shrowcfbury, Steward of the King's houfehold. 

The LiOrd Chamberlyne. 
The BiOiopp of Bathe. 

The Eilhop of Lincoine. 

The Lord Sandes. 

Sir William Fitz-William, Treafonrer of the King's houfehold. 

Sir Henry Guiiturd, Comptroller. 

The Secretary. 

Sir Tlio. Moore, Chancellor of the Dutchy. 

1 he Deane of the King's chappell. 

Sir Henry Wyatt, Treafurer of the King's chamber. 

Tlie Vice Chamberlyne. 

The Captaine of the Guarde. 

Doftor Wolman. 

Cap. 75. And forafmuch as the faid Lord Cardinall, the Lord 7>eafurer of finqlai^dj, 
Lord Privy Seale, Lord Steward, and diverfe other Lords and perfonages before mentioned, 
by reafon of their attendance at the tearmes for adminiftraiion of jnlVice, and exercifeing- 
of their offices, and other reafonable impediments, fliall many feafcns fortune to be abfent 
from- the King's court, and fpecially in the tearme times ; to the intent the King's highne/Te 
ihall not be at any fcafon, unfurniflied ot an honourable prefence of councellors about hi^j 
grace, with whome his HighnelTe may conferre upon the premifes, at his pleafure. It is 
ordered, that the perfons hereafter mentioned, iliall give their continuall attendance in the 
caufes of his faid connfell, unto what place foever his Highncffe fhall re fort : that h to fay; 
The Lord Chamberlaine, the Bifliopp of Bathe, the Treafurer and Comptroller of the 
King's houfehold, the Secretary, the Chancellor of the Dutchie of Lancaller, the Dcnne of 

the 



i6o ORDINANCES MADE AT EL T II A M 

tlic King's chappell, the VIce-chair.berlaync, the Capraine of the Guarde; and for ordering 
of poore mens complainics and caulcs, Doctor Wohnan. 

And becaufe, per eafe it may chance, lome of ihefe aforenamed perfons to be abfent for 
'fomc reafonable caufe ; be it alwn\'es provided ainl forer>!cne, that either the Bifhop of 
Bathe, the Secretary, Sir Thomas Moore, and the Deane of. the Chappeii, or two of them 
at the Icaft, allwayes be prefent -, except the King's grace give lycence to any of them of 
the conciMry ; which faid counfellors lo appointed for continuall attendance, fhall apply 
themfclves elTe-^uallie, diligently, uprightly and jullly, in the preaiifes; being everie xlay in 
the forenoone by ten of tlic clock at the fnrtheli, and at afternoone by two of the clock, 
in tiie King's dyneing chamber, or in fiich other place as (liall fortune to be appoynted for 
the Conncell chamber ; there to be in readinclfe, not onely in cafe the King's pleafure 
Jhall be to commune or contcrrc wiih them uj;on any caufe or matter, but aifo for hearing and 
direfbon of pocrc men's complaints on matters of juCtice ; which dire£tion well obferved, the 
King's high.ncfle fliall alwayes be well tiirniilied of aii honourable prefence of councclloi'S 
about his Grace, as to his high honour doth appetteyne. 

Cap. y6. And to the intent the King*s highneffe, the warrcs now right honourably 
finifhcd and determined, may neverthelefle be furniflied of a convenient number of greate 
horfcs, requifite for attendance upon his mofl royall [ erfon, v.t all times when the fame lliall 
require; his Highnelle therefoie hath ordeyned and detcrmyned, that the number of thirty 
of his greate horfes, fliall be elcfted and chofen out of the fceft of them •, which number of 
thirty, Ihall remaine and be kept in the King's ftable, for the purpofe before fpecified-, and 
■P.5 to the refidue of the Kind's great horfes, his Highnelfc will tliHribute them otherwayec,_ 
as fhall ftand with his moll gracious pleafure; and hereafter to have no greater number 
than thirty. 

For keepikg of the Hall, akd Orci^p.ing ot- riii: CuAprrii.i-* 

•Cap. 77. And confidering, that by reafon of the feldome keeping of the King's hall, 
not onely the officers and myniflers of his houlehold, be greatly difufed from docing lervice, 
whereof enfueth lack of good knowledge, experience, amt learning, how young men fliould 
order themfelves in the execution of their offices ; bat alio the houfehold fervants put to 
board wages, give themfelves many times to idlencfs, cvill rule and converfaiion i the -King's 
pleafure therefore is, th'iit at all times when his Lliglinefle fliall lye in his caftle of Windfor, 
his Mannors of Bewlye, Richmond and Hampton-Courts, Greenwitch, Eltbam orWoodllock, his 
hall ihall be ordinarily kept and contynued ; unleiTe than for any reafonable caufe by his 
Grace to be approved, it ihall be thought otherwife expedient ; and at all fuch tymes of 
keeping the faid hall, the King's noble chappeii to be kept in the fame place, for the ad- 
miniitration of divine fervice, as apperteyneth. 

Cap. 78. Neverthelefs, forafmuch as it Is goodly and honourable, that there fhould be 
allwayes fome divine (ervice in the court, whereby men might be eledfed unto the devotion, 
and that it Vvould not only be a great annoyance, but alfo exceflive labour, travell, charge, 
and paine, to have the King's v/hole chappeii ontinually attendant upon his perfo% when 
hiS Grace keepeth not his hall, and fpecially in rideing journeys and progreifes ; u is for 
the better adminiftration of divine fervice ordeyned, that the mailer of ihe children, and fix 
men, with fome officers of the veftry, fliall give their continuall attendance in the King's 

court, 



• IN THE XVIIih YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. i6i 

court, and dayly, in abfenceof the refidue of the chappell, to have a maffe of our Lady before 
noone, and on rundaycs and holydayes, maffe of the day, befid^s our Lady maffe, and an 
antheme in the afternoone; for which purpofe no great carriage, either of veftments or bookes 
fliall be required : the fsid perfons to have allowance of board wages, or bouch of court, 
with lodgeing in or neere to the fame, and convenient carriage ; as in luch cafe hath been 
accuftomed. 

An order for observance of all the premisses. - 

Cap. 79» Finally, for the dewe obfervance of all which prcraifcs, the King s IlighnefTe 
hath commanded a booke, raentio-ning cheife prefent ordinances to be made over and belides 
all fuch other honourable conllitxitions and orders as haih hercfjfore been devifed for the 
King's houfehold and chambers in other bookes mentioned; which booke ol the prefent ordi- 
nances, figned with the King's hand, ihall remaine and be kept in the compting houle, 
for the better information of the head officers of the chamber and houfehold, how they 
(hall from time to time, fee the fame put in efFec^uall execution. And to the inrcnt the 
premifles fliail not be negleded or pretermitted, it is the King's pleahire, that his faid 
eouncellors appointed to attend upon his Grace, fliall from time to time, as they ihall thinke 
convenient, lend for the faid booke, and by tlieir difcrctions, ncte, fearcli, and examine, 
whether any fault be in the due execution of the premifcs; which found, fliall proceede 
to the reformation, correction, or puniihmcnr, ol" fuch as Ihall be founde culpable or negli- 
gent therein, as by their wifdonics and dilcrctions they fhall thinke expedient; and if the 
defauh be in any of the faid couiiceli, being nead officers of the King's chamber or houfehold, 
the refidue of them fjiall make relation thereof unto tb.e King's highnelTe, for knowledge of 
his further pleafure in that behalfe ; laying apart all dread, favour, uffeftion, and partiallity, 
as the King's efpcciall trud and confidence is in them, and as they v.'ill have the continu- 
ance of his fmgular favour accordingly. And it is ordcyned, that the Lord Cardinall, Chan- 
cellor of England, with the refidue of the King's counccU attending upon his perfon, Ihall 
quarterly at the leaft, Oiamine whether the f.rul articles be put in due execution or not; 
proceeding to the reformation thereof, if any fault be found, wiiliout exception, of perfonr, 
as is atorelaid. 



BOUCHE 



i-dt ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



ii 



OUCHE OF COURT. 



A Declaration of Eouche of Courte, of eyerie particular THrxc to ce setvyej 

TO eyerie person being of the ORDINARV OF THE KiNg's HONOURABLE HOUSE, 
EVERIE ONE OF THEM ACCORDINGE TO THEIR DEGREES; AS HEREAFTER FOLLOWETH. 

A Duke or a Dutchess. 

Every of them for iheir Bouche of Court in the morning, one chett lofe, one mnnchetr, 
one gallon of ale; for afternoone, one manchctt, one gallon of ale •, for after fupper, one 
chet lole, one manchet, one gallon of ale, one pitcher of wyne-, and from the lafi: day of 
Oftober unto the firft day of April, one torch, one pricket, two lifes, one pound of white 

lights, ten tallhides, eight faggotts, and and from the hift day of 

March unto the fird day of November, to have the m.oyety of the liiid vvaxe, whire 
lights, wood, and coals ; which doth amount in money by the year to the fnmrae of 

xjixixt. xiiis. iiid'. 

A Marq,U£Sse, Earle, Lord Privy Seale, Bishop, Countesse, The Lord 

Chamberlyn. 

Every of them for their Bouche of Courte, ui the morning, one chet lofe, one manc):ctr, 
One gallon of ale; for afternoone, one manchett, one gallon of ale, cue pitcher of v/yne ; 
and from the firfl day of Oclober unto the firft day of Aprill, one torche, one pricketr, 

two fifes, dimid' pound white lightes, eight talfliidcs, fix faggotts, and 

and from the laft day of March unto the firft day of November, to have the moyety of the 
faid waxe, white lights, wood, and coales ; which doth amount in money by the yeaie 
to the fumme of xxxviit. xiis. 

A Viscount, Baron or Baronesse, the Queen's Lord Chamberlain, Treasurer, 

Comptroller. 

Everie of them being lodged within the courte, for their Bouche, in the morning, one 
chet lofe, one manchett, one gallon of ale; for afternoone one manchet, one gallon of ale; 
for after fupper one chet lofe, one manchet, one galloi of ale, and one pitcher of uyne; 
and from the laft day of October, unto the firft day of April!, one torch, one pricketr, two 

files, dimid' pound white lights, fix talfl^idcs, four faggots, and 

and from the laft day of March unto the firft day of November, to have the mo)'ety of tlTe 
faid waxe, white lights, wood and coales ; which doth amount in money by the yeare to the 
fumme of xxxvl. xiis. ob. qu. 

The Secretary and two Vice-ciiamberlyns. 

Everie of them being lodged within the court, in the morning, one chet lofe, one 
manchett, one gallon alej for afternoone one manchett, one gallon ale: for after fupper, 

one 



IN THE XVlIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 1^3 

6ne chet loaf, one manchetr, one gallon of ale, dim' pitcher wyne ; and from the laft dii7 
of Odober unto the firft day of April], three lynck.es by the weeke ; by the day, one 

prickett, two fifes, dim' pound white lights, four talfhides, four faggots, and • 

and from the lafl day of Marche unto the firn: day of November, to have the moyery of the 
faid waxe, white lights, wood, and coales; which doth amount unto in money by the yeare^ 
the fumme of xxiit. viis. xid". 

Kntghts, and others of the King's coitncell, Knights wives, Gentlemen of the 
Pkivy-chamber, the Cofferer, Master of thi: Household, Ci.erk.es of the 
Green-cloth, Clerkes Comptrollers, and Clerkes of the Kitchen. 

Everie of them being lodged Within the courte, for their Bouch in the morning, one 
chet loafe, one mancbei,one gallon of ale; for afternoone, one manchetr, one gallon of ale; 
for after fupper, one manchett, one gallon of ale, dim' pitcher wyne; and from the lail day 
of Oftober unto the firlT: day of Aprill, three lynkes by the weeke; by the day one prickett 

one fife, dim' pound white lightes, four tallhides, four faggots, and ; 

and from the laft day of March unto the firft day of November, to have the raoyety of the 
faid waxe, white lights, wood and coales; Which doth amoimt by -the yeare to the fume 
of xxt. xiiis. 

Cup-bearers, Carvers, Sewers, and Surveyors, for the King and the Queen, 
Master of the Jewells, Squires toR the body, the Queen's Chancellor, Secre- 
tary, Almoner, and the Queen's gentlewomen. 

Everie of them being lodged within the court, for their Bouch after fupper, one chet 
loafe, one gallon of ale, dim' pitcher of wyne; and from the laft day of O^iober unto the firft 
day of Aprill, two linckes by the weeke, by the day one fifl'e, fix white lights, three tal- 
lhides, four faggots, and ; and from the laft day of March unto the 

firft day of November, to have the moyety of the faid waxe, white lights, wood, and coales; 
which amounteth to the fume of xt. xvis. ixd. 

Serjeants and Gentlemen Officers, Apothecx\ry, Groomes of the Privy 

Chamber. 

Every of them being lodged v;ithin the court, for their Bouch of court after fupper, 
one chet loafe, one gallon of ale; and frcim the laft day of October unto the firft day 
of Aprill, one fife by the day, three white lights, one talftiide, one faggot, and . . ; . 
; which amounteth by the yeare to the fume of iiiii. xiis. id", ob'. q. 

Gentlemen Ushers of the Privy Chamber, and Gentlemen Ushers dayly' way- 

TERS, FOR the KlNG AND THE QuEENe's PhISICIONS, AND ClERKES OF THE SpiCERY. 

Every of them being lodged within the court, after fupper, one chet loafe, one gal- 
lon of ale, one quart of wyne; and from the laft day of Ocftober unto the 6rft day of 
Aprill, by the weeke two lynckes, by the day one fife, four white lights, four tailhide:;, 

Y four 



,54 ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

four fao-gotts, and .......; and frcra the lad day of March «nto the firft 

day of November, to have the moyety of the faiu waxe, white lights, wood, and coales;. 
which amounteih to the fume of viiit. vs. oB. q. 

The Queen's Maides. 

Among them for their Bouch in the morning, one chet lofc, one manchet, one gajlon of 
ale,-, for afternoone, one manchett, ,one gallon of ale; for after fupper one chet lofe, one 
mancher, two gallons of ale, dim' pitcher of wyne ; and from the lad: day of October unto 
the firil day of Aprill, three lynckes by the weeke, by the day fix fifes, one pound white 

lights, fix talihides, fix faggots, and ; amounting by the ycare to the 

lurac of xxiiiil. xixs. x3. 

The Compting-house. , 

For their Bouche after fupper, one chet lofe, one gallon of ale ; and from the lafl; day of 
Oflober unto the firft day of Aprill, two linckes by the wecke, by the day one fife, eight 

white lights, fix talihides, fix faggots, and ; and from the lafl day 

of March unco the firfl day of November, to have the moyety of the faid waxe, white lights^, 
wood, and coales, amounting to the fume of ixL xiis. 

The Wardrober of the robes and bedds on both sides. 

For their Bouch after fupper, one chet loafe, one gallon of ale ; and from the lafl: 
day of Oftober unto the firfl day of Aprill, by the day one fife, eight white lights, two 
talfliides, two faggots*, and from the laft day of March unto the firft day of November, 
to have the moyety of the faid waxe and white lights, which doth amount in money 
by the yeare to the fume of vit. xiiis. oB. q. 

Officers of the Household. 

For their Bouch after fupper, everie of them being lodged within the court, dim' chet 
lofe, dim' gallon of ale ; and from the lafl day of O(flober unto the firfl day of Aprill, 
by the day, two fifes, one pound white lights, two talfhides, two faggots ; and from the 
lafl day of March unto the firft day of November, to have the moyety of the faid waxe,, 
white lights, wood, and coales; amounting to the fume of iiiit. viis. v3. ob» 

The Queen's Laundresse. 

For their liverle fifes, two v/hite lights dim' pound, tal/hides three, faggots fix^ 
• »......> amounting to the fume of viit. 9s. 63. 



The. 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRTVIII. 



i6s 



The ordinary- of the King's chamber which have Bouche of Court, And also 

their dietts within the court. 



The Ford Wriothedey, Lord Chancellor. 

The Duke of NorfFolk. 

The Earle of Hertford, Lord Great Chamberlyn. 

The Lord Ruflell, Lord Privy Scale. 

1 he Lord Lifle, Lord Admiral!. 

The Blfliop of Durham. 

The Earle of EfTex. 
Sir Anthony WingfielJ, Captain of the Guarde and Vice Chambcrlync. 
Sir Anthony Browne, Captain of the Gentlemen Pentioners. 
Sir Ralph Fiine, Lieutenant of the faid Gentlemen. 
Edward Billingham, Standerd Bearer to the faid Gentlemen Pencioners-. 
Sir Thomas Pacett, 1 

: 



Sir William Peter, 
Mr. Haire, J 



Secretaryes. 



CuP-BEARERS. 

The Earle of Surrey. 

The Lord William Howard, 

Sir Francis Bryan. 

Karvers. 

The Lord Henry Nevill. 
The Lord Clinton. 
Edward Rogers. 

Surveyors. 

Euftace Silliard. 
Edward Weldonne. 

Gentlemen OF thePrivy Chamber. 

Sir Thomas Hennage. 
The Lord Lifle. 
Sir Anthony Browne. 
Sir Anthony Denny. 
Sir Francis Bryan. 
Sir Thomas Seymour. 
Sir Richard Long. 
Sir Thomas Canerden. 
Sir Henry Knevetr. 
Sir William Herbert. 



Sir Anthony Seintleger, 
Sir Thomas Darcy, 
Sir Ralph Sadler. 
Sir Thomas Speake. 
Sir George Carew. 
Sir Thomas Pafton. 
Sir Peter Mewtas. 
Sir John Welfhborne. 

Gentlemen Ushers of 
Chamber. 

Sir Philip Hobby. 
Sir Morris Barkley. 



THE Privt 



Gentlemen 



Ushers Dayly Way- 
ters. 



William Raynford. 
John Morris. 
Richard Greenway. 
Richard Blunt. 

Sewers. 

Sir Parcivall Hart. 
The Lord Grey. 
Sir Edward Warner. 

Y 2 



Squires 



lU 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



Squires for the Body. 

Si- Manphry Fofter. 
Si- Ricn-iid Manners. 
Sir William Willoughby. 
George Harper. 

Groomes of the Privy Chamber. 

John Gate. 
Robert Buflier. 
William Sherington. 
William Saymbarbe. 

Barbqrs. 

Edmpr^d Harmaa. 
John Fenne. 



The Robes* 

■Richard Scyfcill, yeoman. 
John Sternold, groome. 
John Roulaud, page. 

The Bedds. 

Rouland Ridley, yeoman. 
David Vina, 1 

umphrey Hurme, J ° 
Henry PlefTmgton, 
Richard Bethell, 



ion,"! 
1, ] 



pages. 



Groome Porter, 
Nicholas Fofcue. 



The Eouche to the Orbinarie of the Houshold- 



The Lord Create Mafter. 

Sir Thomas Cheyrvey, Treafurer- 

Sir John Gage, Comptroller. 

Sir tdmond Peckraan, Cofferer. 

The firft Mader of Houfthold. 

The fecond Mafter of Houfehold. 

The third Mafler of Houfehold. 

The fourth Mafter of Houfehold. 

The two Clerkes of the Green-cloth. 

The two Clerkes Comptrollers* 

l^Iafler of the Jewells. 

The Clerke of the Spicery and the Oifice. 

The Clerke of the Kittchen. 

Twelve Serjeant Officers and gentlemen, with 

MafterCooks,evei"ieof them iiiil. xiis. id. oB. 



Part of the 
vChamber, 



The Compting-houfe. 

The Bake-houfe. 

The Pantry. 

The Cellar. 

The Buttrey. 

The Jevvell-houfe. 

The Ewery. 

The Pitcher-houfe. 

The Confe61ionary« 

The Wafry. 

The Chaundry. 

The Larder. 

The Squillerie. 

The Paftry and Sawcery. 

The Wood-yard. 

The Porter at Gate- 



fT>,-r ' rDo(5>or Chamber, 

Pnificions, -jj^^^^^ g^^^^^ 

[The Apothecary. 
The three Chirurgions, every of ihcm 
Edmond Harmond and Phillip, 



Tj»b 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII.- 



167 



The Ordinarie of the Queen*s side, which doe eate and drinke in ti!E 
Queen's Chamber, and have Bouch of Court, bit no wages within the King's 
household. 



The Lord Piirr of Orton, 

Lord Chamberlyn. 
Sir Edmond Walfingham, 

Vice Chamberlain. 
Sir Thomas Arundell, Chancellor. 
Sir Robert Turwett, Mafter of the Horfc, 
Doftor Day Bifhop of Chechefter, 
Diet onely, ") 
without ^uch. J 



The Queen's') Bouch of Courte, and two meafTe 

maids, j of me.ite to their fervants. 
Phificion and 
Apothecary, 



iOne mefTe and Bouch of Court. 
f}S J 

Chamberers, "* No Bouch of Court. 
Chaplens, 



fitting in the chamber, without 
further allowance. 



T.HE ordinary of the Queen's side, which doe eate in the .Queen*s <;hamber., 
and have Bouche of Courte and wages within the household. 



Kerver, 
Cup-bearer, 

Sewers, 

Gentleman Ufher 
of the Privy 
Chamber^ 





i. 


s. 


cf. 


Henry Semer, 


XI 


VI.II 


I ob. 


Clement Frogmorton, 


XI 


VIII 


I 0% 


T Robert Warner, 1 
1 Nicholas Frogmorton, j 


XI 


VIII 


I oB. 



Henry Webb, 



XI yiii I ob. 



dentlemen Ufliers, 



Gentlemea 
Wayters, 



Noe Bouche of f Sewers of the 
Court. "l^ Chamber, 

Clerke of the 

Court, 

.,, ^ Groom Porter, 

Allowance or ^ 

meate to thefe j The robes 
offices, and Bouch j 
ot court and wages. 

The beddsj 

£ouch of Court 
^Ifo (dlowed tq 



Richard Dauncy, 
j Thomas Be\'fton, 

Marmaduke Nevill, 
^Andrew Wadhara, 

{John Broughton, 
Gerge Herbert, 
John Lygoyne, 
{Richard Sterkiey, 
Francis IngiofTe, 
William SmythicJce, 

I William Herper, 

William Uxenbrldge, 
'Ralph Worfley, yeoman, 
: Thomas Firten, groome, 
^Arthur Belfield, page, 

{Edward Floyd, yeoman, 
Thomas Neverell^ groom, 
Thomas Harrifon, page, 

I The Queen's laundcefs for 



.XI 


VIII 




XI 


VIII 




;xi 


VIII 




XI 


VIII 




XI 


VI 1 1 




XI 


viu 




XI 


VJII 




XI 


VlII 




XI 


VIII 


I .Ob. 


VI 


XV JII 




XI 




III 


XI 
XL 


Ill 




XXVI 


VIJI 


111 


XVI 
XL 


III 




XXVI 


^Vlli 



wood and lights 



1 68 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTIIAM 



The ORDINARIE OF THE KiSg's CHAMBER, WHICH HAVE JIO BoUCHE OF CoURT, BUT 



WAGES PAID WITHIN THE HOUSEHOLD, 
AFTER APPOINTED. 



AND DINE AND SUP AT THE TABLES HERE- 



Gentlcmen Ufliers 
Quarieily Walters. 



Pages of the Chamber. 



< 



Sewers of the Chamber. 



'Thomas Gefford, 
Willip.m Morris, 
Stephen Brakenbury, 
Edmond Hopton, 

I John Harmar., 
Robert Chelter, 
John llaniford, 

.John Bouthe, 

John Barnay, 
Henry Annefley, 
J Thomas HorTeman, 
Richard Browne, 
William Sackwiil, 
John Browne, 



r William Refkem, 
j Henry Parker, 
I John Nafli, 
V^John Haydon, 



1. 


S. 


•ct. 


X 


O 


o 


X 


O 


o 


X 


O 


o 


X 


O 


o 


X 


o 


o 


X 


o 


o 


X 


o 


o 


X 


o 


o 


I 


VIII 


I oB. 


^i 


VIII 


I oS. 


^1 


VllI 


I ob. 


Xl 


VIII 


I ob. 


Xl 


VIII 


I ob. 


XI 


VIII 


I ob. 


XLV 






XL 






XL 







The wages akd fees of the ordinarie of the King's side, paid within 



Cup-bearers. 

Carvers. 

Sewers for 
the King. 

Surveyors at 
Dreir.r. 



The Lord Chamberlain, 

The Captaine of the Guarde and Vice Chamberlyn, 

The Captaine of the Gentlemen Pencioners, 

The Lieutenant of the faid Gentlenoen, 

The Standard-bearer of the Gentlemen Pencioners, 

J. s. d. 

The Earl of Surrev, 50 markes. 

The Lord WilliamHovvard, 50 markes. 

Sir Francis Bryan, 50 markes. 

["The Lord Neviil, 50 markes. 

< 1'he Lord Clinton, ^o markes. 

[ Edward Rogers, 50 markes. 

{The Lord Thomas Gray, 50 markes. 
Sir Percyvall Hart, 50 markes. 

Sir Edward Warner, 30 markes. 

JEufiace Sulliard, xit. viiis. id.ob. 
L Edward Weldon, xil. vius. id. ob. 



cf. 

c markes. 

cc markes. 

c markes. 

c markes. 



Gentlemen Pencioners. 



Sir Humphry RadcIifFe, 
Thomas All ley, 
Thomas Avery, 
Thomas Buttler, 
Thomas Palmer, 
Henry Jernighan, 
Henry Markham, 
Edward Hafting, 
Edmond Bridges, 
Edward Zouche, 



t. 


s. 


cf 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


3 


4 


46 


13 


4 



Edward 



IN THE XVlItli YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 169 



t. s. ct. 



}. 



s. 



d. 



Harbinge. 

Groomes of 
the Privy 
Chamber. 



Edward Home,. 
Edmond Harvy, 
William Fullwood, 
Edward Grymilone, 
Edward Vaughan, 
Humphrey Conifby, 
John Wingfield, 
John Grelham, 
John Portmary, 
John Banifter, 
John Paftoun, 
Jaques Granado, 
John Sandes, 
Robert Long, 
Richard Tyrrell, 
William Blunt, 
William Palmer, 
William Keylwey, 
William Skypwith, 
William Ellerker, 
William Bonhara, 
William Francis, 
William Butts, 
Francis Knollys, 
Gawen Carew, 
George Pollard, 
Giles Poole, 
Anthony Digby, 
John Conway, 
Chriftophcr Sackficld, 
Chriftophcr Litcott, 
Charles Herbert, 
Nicholas Wadham, 
Peter Carew, 
Simon Digby, 
Stephen Adams, 
Francis Placke, 
Robert StatFord, 
Nicholas Arnpld, 
William Birch, 
Clerk of the Check, 
John More, 
John Gate, 
Robert Bu(her, 
William Sherington, 
L William St. Barbe, 



1 



46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


'3 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


^3 


4 


46 


»3 


^ 


46 


^3 


4 


46 


^3 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


^3 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


^6 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


46 


13 


4 


40 








18 








20 








20 








20 








20 









Efquires for the Body. 

Sir Humphrey Fofler, 50 marks. 

Sir Richard Manners, 50 marks. 

Sir William Willoughby, 50 marks. 

George Piarper. 50 marks. 

Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. 

Sir Thomas Hennage, 

The Lord Lifle, 

Sir Anthony Browne, 

Sir Anthony Deany, 

Sir Francis Bryan, 

Sir Thomas Seymcr, 

Sir Richard Long, 

Sir Thomas Canerden, 

Sir Henry Knever, 

Sir William Herbert, 

Sir Thomas Darcy, 

Sir Anthony Seynt Leger, 50 

Sir Thomas Speake, 

S'r George Carew, 

Sir Thomas Pafton, 

Sir Peter Meutas, 

Sir Raph Sadler, 

Sir John Wellifborne, 

Gentlemen Ulliers of the Privy 
Chamber. 



50 








50 








50 








50 








53 








50 








5c 








5^ 








30 








50 








50 








50 








50 








30 








50 








3^ 








50 


markcs. 


50 


markes. 



Sir Phillip Hobby, 30 

Sir Mortice Barkley, 30 



o 
o 



Gentlemen Ufiiers, dayly Wayters, 

William Rainford, 20 o o 

John Morris, 20 o o 

Richard Greenway, 20 o o 

Richard Blunt, 20 o o 



Barbours. 










Edmond Harm an. 


} 


20 








John Pcnne, 


20 








Nicholas Ridley, 




3 


8 


4 


Nicholas Tolly, 




3 


8 


4 


Richard WilliamSj, 




3 


8 


4 



Richard 



170 



ORDINANCES xM A D E AT ELTIIAM. 



I 

3 
:> 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 



John Peeres, 24 

John Holland, 24 

William Wilfon, 24 

Thomas Okey, 24 

John Pveefon, 2f 

William Archer, 24 

Edward Lewes, I4 

William Carrwrighr, 24 

Francis \\^illmot, 24 

Robert Owen, 24 

Pvice Rewes, 24 

John Cornifh, 24 
George Eicotr, ^ 24 

Thomas Tunewell, ^4 

John Glynne, 24 

Simon Finne, 24 

Thoir.as Snow, 24. 

W i 1 1 i a m W inc hefler, 24 

John Snow, 24 

Koger Colly, 24 

Roger Tidder, 24 

Henry Afspoole, 24 

Jeffery Kejting, 24 

4 



Richard Smith, 
Richard Gierke, 
Robert King, 
Willir.m Bellingham, 
Richard Hedges, 
John Johnfon, 
Robert Hodgckins, 
William Tanner, 
Chrirtopher Yorke, 

The Robes. 

Richard Cifcell, yoman, 5^7 
John Sternhold, groome, 3 S 
John llouland, page, 2 15 

The Bedds. 

Roiiland Ridley, yeoman, 5 
David Vinifl, groeme, 3 

Humphrey Hurme, groome, 3 
Henry PlefTingron, jjage, 2 
Richard Bethell, page, 2 

Yeomen of the Guarde. 



17 



15 
15 



o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

© 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 



d 

4 

4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 



4 
4 
o 



4 
4 
4 
o 
o 



o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 



John Befwitch, 
John Baughan, 
William Cortney, 
Richard Clarke, 
William Holmes, 
John Champnm, 
Kobert Gibbs, 
William Freeman, 
William Jenkyn, 
Andrew Langdon, 
Robert Kempe, 
Warren Rowe, 
Hugh Tench, 
Richard Barlow, 
Robert Ripe, 
Thomas Serle, 
Thomas Pate, 
Peter Philpott, ' 
Thomas Edwards, 
Henry Bird, 
Robert Perry, 
George Gates, 
Thomas Boyfe, 
Richard Troote, 
Andrew Tucker, 
Thomas Bowne, 
Hugh Proffayte, 
Richard Lewys, 
Phillip Orton, 

John Smith, fenior, 
Gregory Fox, 

Richard Williams, 
Thomas Haward, 

Thomas Benney, 

Jeffery Garden, 

Roger Emerfon, 

Lewys Johnfon, 

Jeffery Jones, 

Symon Fitts Richard, 

John Tymewell, 

Thomas Reading, 

Gregory Re will, 

John Harris, 

Robert Merrydall, 

John Staines, 

Edmond Tymewell, 

John Boftock, 



i. s. 


i.1 


24 





24 





24 





24 


3 


24 





24 





24 


0' 


24 





24 





24 





Z4 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 





24 







William 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIIL i6^ 



!. 

William Milles, 24 

Hugh Kell'oe, 24 

"William Ketcherley, 24 

Edward Akerod, 24 
Cadwalliger ap Williams, 24 

Davy Williams, 24 

Richard Willfon, 24 

Walter Vaughan, 24 

Richard Stone, 24 

William Hall, 24 

William Spencer, 24 

John James, ^ 24 

Abraham Longwell, 24 

Richard Netherfall, 24 

George Woone, 24 

John Leyke, 24 

William Ramger, 24 

Francis Cockett, ^ 24 
John Northcott, , 24 

Symon Drake, 24 

George Woodward, 24 

Robert Harrys, 24 

Francis Banifter, 24 

Richard Smyth, 24 

Edward Beare, 24 

John Thomas, 24 

Nicholas Childe, 24 

Henry Deane, 24 

John Brewytt, 24 

Thomas Harmond, 24 

John Leigh ton, 24 

John Bate, 24 

John Twigge, 24 

John Smith, junior, 24 

John Lane, 24 

Robert Hayfe, 24 

John Greenhili, 24 

Thomas Johnfon, 24 

Richard ap David, 24 

Edward Homerlham, 24 

Robert Waunefley, 24 

Richard Jack, 24 

John Willoughby, 24 

Thomas Claxton, 24 

John Griffith, 24 

John Langford, 24 



s. 
o 
o 
o 

o 
o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 
\o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 
o 

o 
o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 



a. 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

c 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 



Ralph Cafe, 
William White, 
Humphrey Seyne, 
Chriftcpher Londifdall, 
Thomas Medgar, 
Oliver Tatam, 



1. s. 

24 o 

24 

24 

24 

24 

24 



o 
o 
o 
o 
o 



d. 

o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 



Taking the Fees of the Crowne. 

John Willefdon, 14 1 7 6 

John Bromfield, 14 17 6 

Morris ap Knevitt, 14 17 6 

Item, for their Cote Clothes without 
Velvittor embroidering, every Cote- 
Cloth rated at iBs. Sd. 



Groorae Porter. 



Nicholas Fofcue, 



Meflino-ers, 



Adam Gaflon, 
John Hopkins, 
John Apleby, 
Richard Wygan, 



3 8 4 



5 17 4 

^ 17 4 

5 17 4 

5 17 4 



Clerke of the ClolTet, , 
Rudde, 6 16 io| 

Serjeant of the Mynftrills. 
Hugh Woodhoufe, 10 16 io| 

Chappell and Veilry. 

The Doan to eate with Mr. Treafurer 
or Mr. Comptroller. 



Gentlemen of the Chapcll. 

30 o o 



Mafter of the Children, 
for his wages and board- 
wages, 
Gofpelier, for wages, 13 6 8 

Epiftollerj 13 6 8 

Verger, ao o o 

Z Yeomen 



170 



OUDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

I 
Yeomen of the vcftry, < ^ 



I s. d. ^ 1. ?. S, 

10 o o Childrenof theChappell, ten 36 1^ 4 
000 



The ORDiMAuy of the Queen's side which have their allowance of wages, 

BESIDES THOSE FORMERLY NAMED THAT HAVE BoUCH, hc. WITHOUT ANY MEATE OR. 

BoucH OF Court. 



t. 



s. 



3. 





15 


4 


2 


Yeomen Ufliers, 


15 


4 
4 


2 
2 




I15 


4 


2 


John Powes, 


b5 


4 
4 


2 
2 


Yeomen of the 


Chamber 


i 




Edward Foxe, 


15 


4 


2 


John Wey^-r, 
liichard Marlett, 


15 
15 


4 
4 


2 
2 


Adam Betton, 


15 


4 


2 


Edward Scarlett, 


15 


4 


2 


Thomas Whyte, 


15 


4 


2 


George Edwards, 


15 


4 


2 



Cornelius Doone, 
James Stanford, 
Armell Greene, 
John Scarlett, 
John Hickman, 
Robert Shipman, 
Bryapr Leigh, 
Amyas Hill, 
John Lofthus, 
Robert Pulton, 
John Pende, • 
William Perkinl'on, 
Richard Bell, 
Thomas Barnes, 
James Statham, 



t. 


s. 


a'. 


15 


4 


2 


J5 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


^5 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


'5 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 


15 


4 


2 



The Ordinarie of the same side which have no meate, Board-wages, nor Bouche: 
OF Court within the household, but wages onely. 



Meflenger. 
John Grove, 4 

Groomes of the Chamber. 



John Stokes, 
Robert Chet worth, 
William Savage, 



o 
o 
o 



a. 



o 

o 
o 



Morris Ludlow, 
John Waller, 



i. 



Pages of the Chamber. 

John Ofoiirne, i 

Thomas Becke, i 

George Croyfer, i 

Edward Tanner, i 



s. 
o 
o 



o 
o 



The Ordinarie of the same side which have no manner of allowance withint 

the Household. 



Surveyor. 
Auditor. 
Attorney.. 
Sollicitoiv 



Gierke of the Counfell. 
Gierke of the Wardrobe. 
Clerke of the Cloffett. 
Serjeant at Arms. 



Messbs 



IN THE XVIWiYEAR OF KING HENRY VIIT. 171 



Messes of meats to be served to the King's Highnesse, amd for his side, 
according to the number comprized in a booke of the ordinarie made for 

THE SAME. 

The king's Highness i mefle. 

The Lord Great master, and the Lords fitting with him, to be ferved 
with two meffcs of raeate in the King's councell-chamber, and to be at dinner dayly ■ 
by ten of the clock in the morning, and at flipper by twoe of the clock; and to 
have artendant upon them, one gentleman uQier, quarterly-wayter; and by iiis 
appointment, one fewer of tlie chamber, the hampcrmen, groonies, and pages of 
the chamber, one yeoman uQicr to keepe the doore, and the yeoman of the chamber 
to bring the fervice from the dreffer; and alfo the great mafher to have two of 
his gentlemen attending upon him there ; the faid gentleman viflier, fewer, ham- 
permen, groomes, pages, and yeomen-u£hers, with the two gentlemen of the great 
inafter's, to have the revercion of the faid fervice. 



Memorandum, The Lord Great Mafler being out of the court, that then the 
Lord's meate Ihall be ferved to the Lord Chancellor, in the councell-chamber, and 
to the Duke of Norfolke, or to any of them being in the courie; having to fitt with 
them, the other lords then being in the court; and fliall have to attend upon them 
there, one gentleman ufher, one fewer, &c. as before is mentioned; and when the 
Lord Great Mafter fliall be in the court, and no other lords there attendant, then 
he may fut in his owne chamber at dinner and fupper, when it fliall pleafe him fo 
to doe ; calling unto him fuch gentlemen as lliall pleafe him for to have. And 
alfo the Lord Great Mnfler fliall be ferved with his fupper everie Fryday at night, 
out of Lent, and everie Saturday at night in the Lent, and he being abfcnt out 
of the court, then the faid fupper upon the Frydays and Saiterdayes at night, fliall 
be ferved to the Lord Chancellour, and to the Duke of Norffolk ; or to any of 
them being in the Court; with like fervice and attendance as the Lord Create 
Mader ibould have being in the Court. 

The Lord Privy Seals, and with him fuch barronsand bifshops, as doe 
not fitt with the Great Mailer i and to have his fupper everie -Fryday out of 
Lent, and everie Satterday in Lent. 

The Lord Great Chamberlavne mall fitt in the King's Great Chamber; 
and to have fitting with him, the Vice-Chamberlyne, and Captaine of the Guarde, 
cupbearers, carvers, and fewers to the King, Efquires for the body, Gentlemcn- 
uQiers and fewers of the chamber, that doe. not wayte that meale; and to be 
ferved with three mefl'es of meate at the fame table ; and in the abfcnce of the V 
I-ord Great Mafter, the Lord Chancellour, and the Duke of Norffolk, then the 
faid Great Chamberlyne Ihall be ferved with the Lord's fervice in the faid great 
chamber, and to have to fitt with him there fuch other lords as dieu fhall be in 

Z 2 the 



.^x 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



the court; and in the prcfence of the Lord Create Mafter, the Lord Chancellor, 
and the Duke of Noiftolk, then he to be ferved in his owne chamber with his 
I'upper everie Fryday at night, out of Lent, and everie Satterday in Lent; to J 
be ferved of his faid fupper with his owne fervants out of all pffices. 

Memorandum, one gentleman-uftier, quarter-way ter, to walke in the cham- 
ber, for the well ordering of the lame; and to appoint the fewer, groomes, and 
pages of the chamber, to attend the Lord Chamberlyne his table, and to doe fuch 
fervice as thereunto fhall apperteyne ; and to appoint one uQier to keep the 
chamber doore ; and the yeoman of the chamber to bring the fervice from the dref- 
fer; and the faid gentleman-ufher, fewer, groomes, pages, and yeomen-ufhers, 
to have the revcrcion of the faid fervice. 



Master of the Horses, &c. . 

Sir Anthony Browne, Mader of the Horfe, and Captain of the Gentlemen Pen- 
cloners, to fitt in his owne chamber at his meales, and to have fitting with him 
at his table the Efquires de Qurye, and the Avenour, and as many of the faid 
Gentlemen Pencioners as may be at his table ; and he to be ferved from all ^ 
offices with his ov/n fervants ; and to be dayly ferved of ordinarie from the kit- 
chen, with three meffes of meate at everie meale ; and when caufe Ihall be, 
warning given to the officers by him therefore, then he to have one other 
meffeof meate from the kitchen. J 



McfTe: 



SECRETARYESr 

The two Secretaries to fitt in their owne chamber, and to be ferved with 
their own fervants from all offices ; and to have from the kitchen, one double 
mefle and one lingle ; and to have one meffe for their fupper every Friday at 
night out of Lent, and everie Satterday within Lent. 



The Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber 

Dodtor Chamber and Doftor Butts 

The Groomes of the Privy Chamber 

The Wardrober of the Robes 

The Wardrober of the Bedds ; Yeomen and Groomes of the Bowes 

The Groome Porter 

Phillipp, and his fellowes young Mynftrells 



2 

2 
I 

I 
2 

I 



Messes 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIIL 



'73-- 



MeSSES OF MeATE to IE SERVED TO THE QuEEN's GrACE, AND HER SIDE; ACCORDING 
TO THE NUMBER COMPRISED IN A BOOK OF THE ORDINARIE MADE FOR THE SAME. 



MelTes. 
I 
I 

I 

2 



The Qiieen's Grace her Breakfaft 
The Queene's Grace 
The Queen's Borde end 
The Ladies in prefence 

The Queen's Lord Chamberlayne to fitt in the Queen's chamber; and with 
him the Vice Chamberlyne and other of the Qiieen's councell, at one mcfle, and 
at the fame table four chaplens, the Clerk of the Clofiet, the Gentlemen Ufliers, l 
Genleinen Wayters, the Qiieen's Sewers of the Chamber, that doe not wayte that 
meale ; and they to be ferved with three other meffes of meate at the fame 
table in cafe they bethere attending. 

Memorandum, One Yieoman Ufherto attend the faid chamber, and to appoint the Sew^i*> 
Groomes, and Pages to their attendance ; and the Yeomen of the chamber to bring their 
fervice from the dreffer ; and alfo one Yeoman Uiher to keepe the chamber doore ; and the 
faid Sewer, two Yeomen Ulhers, Groomes, and Pages that attend, to have the revercion of 
the faid four mefles ferved to the faid Chamberlain's table, and to dine and fupp with the 
fame, in fuch place as lliall be appointed by the Lord Chamberlyne, or Vice-CKamberlyne » 
and the reverlion of the refidue of meffes of meate ferved to the Queen's Chamber, wholly to 
be delivered to the Almoners for the almez. 

mefles. 
The Ladyes, Gentlewomen, and Chamberers's, rated at fix to the melTqr y 

The Queen's Phificion and Apothecary i 

The Wardrober of the Robes i 

The Wardrober of the Bedds i 

The Groome Porter i 

The Queen's Mayde Servant* > f; 



A DECLA- 



174 



ORDINANCES MADE j\ T E L T II A M ; 



A DECLARACION of tiik farticitlar' ordinances of fares for the dietts 

TO BE SERVED TO Ti!E KlNc's HlGHNESSE, THE QueHn's GrACE, AND THE SIDES> 

WITH THE Household, as hereafter folxov/eth. 



The Diett for the King's Majesty and the Queen's Grace, of like fare, in" 

ALL two messes, AS FOLLOWETH. 



On a flesh day. 



Bynner. 



s. cT. 
8 



Cheat Bread and Manchctr, i6 
Beare and Ale, 6 gal' 9 

Wyne, i fcxt' 2 c 

Fiefli for Puttage, 8 

Chines of Beef, 2 • 8 

Rammuners in Hew or cap', i mefs 6 
Venifon in brewz' or mult', i 4 

Peftells of Reed Deere i 2 

Mutton, 2 6 

Carpes or Ynng Veale in 1 
Ann' farced, j 

Swanne, gr'Goofe, Storke or i 
Capons of gr', 
Conyes of gr', 
Fryanders, baked Carpe, 
Cultard garnilhed, 
©r Fritters, 



10 

4 

4 

12 

20 

12 

b 



Supper. 

s. cl". 
Cheat Bread anu Manchett, 16 8 

Bee re and Ale, 6 gal* 9 

Wyne, 1 fext' 2 o 



Flefli for Pottage, 

Chickens in criiuaryjLarkes 
Sparrows orLambe Hew- 
ed, with Chynes of Mut- 
ton, 

Giggotsof Murton or ^'eni- ") 
fon, (lopped with Cloves, j 

Capons of gi', 

Conyes of [>r', 

Phcfanf, Heme, Shove- ") 
lard, ] 

Cocks, Plovers or Guiles, 

Swete dowcctts or Orange, 

Quinces or Pippins, 



8 



1 6 

2 4 
I inefs 12 

I 3 4 
1 2 



10 
2 



S;!Cond Courfe. 



Jelly, Tpocras, Creamccf 

Almonds, 
Pheafant, Heme, Bitterne, 

Shovelard, 
P..rtridges, Quailes or 

Mewz', 

Cocks, Plovers or Guiles, i 
Kydd, Lambe or Pigeons, i 
Larkes or Rabbetts, i 

Snyters, PuUetts or Chickens, i 
Venifon in fine pall, i 

Tarrs, i 



s. d". 
I mefs 8 

? 3 4 



14 
12 
12 
12 
12 



Blank-mange or other difb, 
K\dd, Lambe or Pejons, 
T\irrri(lge or Quailes, 
Godwins Brewez', 
or Teales, PuUeas, Chic' pip 
Rabbetts or Larks, 
Tarte, 
Fruite, 

Butter and Eggs, 
Venifon or other Baked "! 
Meates, j 



s. d. 
I mefs 4 
12 

6 



12 

12 

P 

4 

12 



Fritter, 



IN-THir XVIItb YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 



meiTes. d*. 
I 5 



Fritter, 

Fruit with powder or pifcards, i 

Butter and Egges, 3 4 

Sum by the Day 3 1. 5 s. oS'^ 






On a fish day. 



Dynner, 







s. St. 


Cheat Bread and Manchett^ 


16 


8 


Ale a. id Bcare,. 


6 gal 


9 


Wyne, 


1 Itxtar' 2 


Herring, 


I mefs 3 


Potrage, 




3 


OrgfueLyng, 




8 


Poudred Kales or Lampions^ 




iz 


Pyke, 




14 


Calvcr Salmon, 




2 6 


"W hyiing. 




16 


haudockb, Mulletts, or Bafe^' 




16 


Playce or Gurnard, 




2 


Sea Breame or Soailes^ 




16 


Congers, Door 




16 


Porpc ' , Scale, 




3 4- 


Carpe, Iroute, 




2 


Crabbs, Lobfters> 




12 


Cuftard, 




14 


Rafcalls or FlagCj, 




& 


Tarte clofed. 




12 


Frytter, 




8 


Fruite, 


X 


& 


Second Courfe 


v 


s. 3» 


Second Pottage, 


I 


4 


Sturgion pr' vel r* 


£ 


3 4 


Byrt or other difli, 


X 


z 


Breame or other dilb. 


t 


a 6 


Tench, 


I 


2 


Perch, or other di(h. 


I 


20 


Eles with Lampreys roft. 


I 


2 6 


Chynes of Salmon broyled. 


I 


12 


Creyez 




20 



Shrympesf 



ORDINANCES MADE -AT ELTHAM 



Shrympey, 

Tarte, 

Frytter, 

Fruite, 

Baked Pepin?, Oranges, 

Butter and Eggs, 



meiTes. 
I 
I 
I 
t 



Sum of tViefe two Mefles for the 
King's Majeflie and the Queen's 
Graccj everie Mefs at, 



By the Day 

By the VVeekc 
^By the Yeare 



s. 3. 
5 

12 

8 

z 
3 4 

s. a. 
4 3 4 

29 3 4 

1520 13 4 



i. 



A DIETT 



IN THE XVlIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 



J 77 



A DTETT FOR TWO Messes to the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber ; one D'^uble 
JVIesse to the Cofferer ; four Messes to the Masters of Househoi^d ; two Messes 
TO the Cleuke of the Greencloth ; two Messes to the Clerkes Comptrollers; 

AND one MesSE to THE ClERKE OF THE KiTCHEN, OF LIKE FARE ; IN ALL TWELVE 

Messes. 

SoNDAY, Tuesday, or Thursday, Monday, or Wednesday. 



Dynner. 



SOUPER. 



Bread Cheat and" 

Manchett, 
Ale, 
Wyne, 
Beefe, 
Mutton, 
Veale, 
Capons 
Conyes, 
Fryaundes, 



LambejChlcken,"! 
Pegeon, J 

Cocksj Plovers, 
Tarte, 
Fruite, 
Butter, 



9 

4 gall' 
pich'" 
I mefs 
I 
I 

2 

I 
1 



A\ 

6 
6 
6 

3 
4 

12 

6 
8 



a. 

I mefs 6 

I mefs 14 
I 8 

I 4 

6 



I ft Courfe. 



9 

4 gall' 
pich'' 

mefs 



4i 

6 
6 
6 

3 
4 
12 
6 
8 



Bread Cheat and") 
Manchet, J 
Ale, 
Wyne, 

Flefh for pottage. 
Mutton boyled. 
Mutton rofl, 
Capons, 
Conyes 
Dowcetts, 



2d Courfe. 
d-. 



I mefs 6 



I mefs 14 
I 8 

I 4 

6 



Lambe, Chicken, 

or Rabbet, 
Cock, Plovers, 



11, 

41 



9 

4 gall' 
I pich'" 
I mefs 
I mefs 

a 3 

I 12 

I 6 

1 Z 



Teales, 
Tarte 
Fruite, 
Butter, 

s. d". 
Sura of Sonday 15 2 
Monday 14 8| 



I mefs 

I mefs 

I 

I . 



a. 
8 

12 
8 
4 



9 

4gair 
I pich"" 
I mefs 
I 
2 
I 
I 
I 



d, 

4f 

6 
6 
1 

3 
6 

12 

6 

8 



a-. 

I mefs 7 
I mefs 12 



4 
6 



FiTDAY Dinner. 



"Saturday Supper^ 



ift Courfe. 
d. 



Bread Cheat and Manchett, 9 

Ale, 4 gall' 

Wyne, i pich"^ 

Lyog, I mefs 



4| Bread Cheat and 
6 Manchett, 

6 Ale, 
4 Wyne, 
Aa 



} 



d. 



I pich'- 6 



a. 

9 4? 

4ga]r 6 
I pich'' 6 
Pikes, 



i7« 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



Pikes, 
Salmon, 

Pbyre, Gnrrard 
Haddock, or Whiting 



ct. 

14 

12 

12 

8 



Lvno;, 

Pikes, 

Salmon, 

Place, Gurnard, 

Haddock, or "1 

Whyting, J 



mefs 



4. 

4 

14 

12 

12 

8 



mcfs 4 

14 
12 
12 

8 



Tench, Trowte, 

Eles \viih Lamprells, 

Tarte, 

Fruice, 

Butter, 



ad Courfe. 



I me(s 
I 
z 
I 



12 

12 

8 

4 

4 

2^ 



Sum 



92 



Sum of the Charge of fp diem, 
tliefe Mefles, every -j p fcpt', 
MelTe rated ar, [p ami' 



Tench, Troutc, 



d. 
1 mefs 12 



Eles with Laraprellsj i 
Tarte, i 

Fruite, I 

Butter, 
Egges, 



5 
^55 



14 
1 

3 



12 
8 
4 
3 

2f 



6 1 plus iu fept' 



■\\ 



I mefs 
I 
I 
I 



d. 
12 

12 

8 
4 

24 



18 s. 



•A DIETT FOR THE PniSlTIONS AND ChIRURGiONS. 



SoNDAY, Tuesday, Thursday, Monday, and Wednesday. 



Dynner. 



SOUPER. 



beate, and 1 
leir, J 



Bre^iCi, Che 

Manch 
Ale, 
W\ne, 
Beef, 
Mutton, 
Veale, 

Pig';^, Goofe, 
Baked meatc, 
Lanibf, Chiek, 
Fruite, 
Butcer, 
Summc of the dinner 



4 

2 gal' 
qrt' 
mefs 



cT. 



6 
2 

o 

J 

2 

5 

3 
2 

I 



4s 4 



2 gal' 
qrt' 
1 mels 
I ' 
I 
I 

I 

I 



4S. 



^. 



b 
2 

3 

2 

3 

2 

I 
o 



Bread, Cheat, and 
Ale, 



d. 



2 gall' 3 



Mane he tt, ^ ^ 

v\'yne, qrt i 
Mutton,boyledandJ^^^^^^^^ 

roit, 3 

Plenne, Lambe, i 2 

Doulcects, I 3 

Chickens or Peglons, I 2 

Fruite, i 2 



d. 

4 a 

2 gall' 3 
qrt' i| 

2 meffes 6 



2 
2 



Sum of the fupper, 3 s. 8 d. 



Fryday 



IN THE XVIIih YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 



J-79 



Fryday Dynner, 



Saturday Dinner. 



Cheat and Manchett, 

Ale, 

"VVync, 

Lyng, 

Place, 

Haddock, 

Smelts, 

Fruits, 



4 2. 

2 gall' 3 
qrc' 
I mefs 
I 



I 

I 
I 
Sum 



2 

3 

2 
2 

20| 



Sum 



{By the day 
By the weekc 
By the yeare 



y . o 

eeke i 

66 



4 

2 gall' 
qrt' 
mefs 



7i 
Si 
5i 



d. 

2 

3 

If 

2 

5 
3 

2 • 

2 

2qT 



The Queen's Phifition and Apothecary, one Mcfle of the like Fare. 



A DIETT FOR THE Queen's Boarde 



SoNDAY, Tuesday and Thursday, Monday and Wednesday. 



4 

2 gall* 

qrt' 

mefs 



cf." 

2 

3 
I 

2 
C 
.> 

r> 

2 

2Jt 



Cheat and Manchet, 
Ale and Beare, 

Wyne, 

Flefh for Pottage, 

Beef, — 

Mutton, 

Veale, 



Greene Goofe, 

Capon, Kent, 

Come?, — 

Aliowes, — 

Baked, 

Friandes or Cuflard, 

Fryttour, — 



Dynner. 



:fl: Courfc. 



6 

2 gall' 
pich'' 

I mefs 

I 

I 

I 

I 

2 



ct. 
3 

3 
6 

I 

8 

3 

5 

14 

8 

5 



Aa 2 



6 

2 gaiP 
pichr 


3 

3 
6 


I mefs 


I 

8 


I 
I 


3 

4 


I 


S 


1 


t 


1 


11^ 




2d Courle 



i8o 



OKDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



2d Courfc. 



Pottage^ — •- 

Lambc, Rabetts, Chiclicns, ~- 

Cockes, Plovers, Snytes, 

Tarte, • • 

Frytrour, — «- 

"Fruite, — — — . 

Butter, — 

Eggts , — 



mefs 



Sum 



19 s. 



id.l 



8 

8 
4 
4 



2i 



I mefs 
z 

X 



7 

19 
S 

4 
4 
2| 



SOUPER, 



ifl: Courfe. 



€heate and MancBet, 
A]e and Beere, — 

Wyne, 

Mutton bo' and ro' 
Capons Kent, 
Gomes, ■ '■ ■■ 

Herons, — 

Pejons, Chlckes, 
Doucets, — 



6 

2 gall' 

d' pich«" 

2 mefles 

1 

2 

I 2 s. 



3 

3 
6 

6 

8 

6 



ad. Courfe. 



<r. 



Kyde, LambCj Rabets, 
Pejons, Larkes, — — 

Cockes, Plovers, Mewz, C^ailes, 
Cockes, Teaks, or Snyte, 
Tarte, — — 

Fruiies, — — — ■ 

Butter, ■ ■ 

Sum, 



I 

I 

I mefs 

I mefs 



8 

9 

2Q 

s 

4 

4 



6 

2 gall' 
pichr 
2 mefles 



3 

3 

6 

6. 
8 
6 



I mefs 8 



1 mefs 1 2 
1 8 

t 4 

4 



14 s. 6 3.1 



Friday Dyner*. 



Cheate and Manchett,. 
Ale and beare, 
V/yne^ 
Pottage, 



Saturday 
ift: Courfe. 

a.. 



^ 3 

2 gall' 3 

d'pich'" 6 

1 



Dyner. Souper 



S.. 

6 3 

2 gair 3 

pichr 6 

— 1 



2 gair 3, 
pichr 6- 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII.- 



Lyng, 

Pyks, 

Salmon, 

Playce, Gurnet, 

Haddocke, or Whiting, 

Conger, 

Burte pr', pos, 

Breame, Tench, and Eales, i 

Soles, Troutes, or Chyne Salmon, i 



I mefs 
3 lo 



2| 



Tarte, 
Fruite, 
Butter, 
Eggs, 



Sum 



1 mefs 12 
I lo 

I 6 

X 12 

I mefs 12 

lO 

I 8 

I 4 

2 

Sum 19 s 7 cf. I 

t. 
TBy the day © 

•j By the weeke 5 
(_By the yeare 30^ 



s. 
16 
16 

5 



d. 



I mefs 
3 



10 
12 
12 

7 
12 

mefs T4 
14 

ID 

8 

2 

2^ 



Sum 



yl minus In Sept''| 
4 
Hi 



I mefs 

3 
z 

z 

I 

I 

I mefs 

I 

I 

I 

I 



181 

a. 

10 
1£^ 

12 

7 
12 

12. 

If 

10 

8 

4' 
2 

2f 



20 S 



A DIETT FOR TWO Messes served to the Ladyes in presence,, and the first 
Messe of Ladyes ; in all three Messes, of like fare. 



SoNDAY, TUESPAY, 

Dynner. 

zfl; Courfc. 

Cheat and Man- "I 

chett, J '^ 

Ale and Beere^ 2 gall' i 
Wyne, di'pich'^j 

Flefh for Pottage, 2 

Beefe, i mefs 6 

Mutton, I 3 

Veale, !■ 3. 

Capon, z 6 

Conies, 1 

AUov/ez 



2-i 



2d, Courfe. 
d. 



Lambe, 
Plovers 5, Teales 

^' 6 



] 



I mefs 8 
I 9 



aud Thursday, Monday, and Wednesday, 

SoUPER. 

ifl Courfe, 

d. d; 

Cheat and Man- 



''" * chett, J "^ ~ 

2 gall' i| Ale and Beere, 2 gall' i| 

di'pich''3 Wyne, di'pich''^ 

Mutton boiled and 1 «- ^ 

n J >2meiies6 

rolted, J 

Capon, z 

Conyes> i 

Dowcetts, I 

Mallards, 



1 mefs 6 

I 3 

1 3 

z 6 



6 
6 



2^ 
■42 



d;. 

z mefs 8 



Laiftbe 
Rabbftts, 
Cocke s, 



a-d Courfe. 
di 

7 

1 xo 



] 



2 



2 gall' li. 
di" pich'" 3_ 

2mefles6 



L 
Z 



4; 



10 

Ta:te 



iZz, 



Tarte 

Fruite, 

Butter, 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 
di 3. d. 



4 



Sum 



9s. 



d. 

6 

4 
3 

9<J. i 



Tarte, i 

Fruite, i 4 

Butler and Eggcs, 3 



d. 

6 
4 
3 



Fry DAY Dynner, 



CKeatc antl Manchetr, 
Al? and Becre, 
VVyne, 

Pike, 

Wliitinge, Place, Gurnett, 

Haddock, 



Breame, Tench, Chevin, 

Blrt, Conger, Eaks, 

Perches, Creviz, Crabs, 

Fruite, 

Butler and Eggs, 



id Courfe. 
d. 



4 2 

1 gall' i| 
di' pich*" 3 
1 mefs 2 
di' mefs 7 
1 mefs 5 
I 6 



2d Courfe. 
d. 



I meis 10 



Sum 6 s. 



Sum of everie mefs 



10 
8 

4 
2 

id. I 



'j> diem 
p weeke 
By the yeare i 



o 
3 



Saturday Dvnker. 



d. 

2 



1^ 



4 

igalP 
di' pich,- 3 
I mefs 2 
di' mefs 7 
I mefs 6 
I 6 



mefs 



d. 

8 

10 
4 
4 
2 



s. 
9 

^7 



Sum 



d. 

4I plus I 







d. 


4 




2 


I 


gall' 


i^ 


di 


' pich: 


^3 


I 


mefs 


2 


di 


' mefs 


7 


I 


mefs 


6 


I 




6 

d. 


1 


mefs 


8 


I 




10 


I 


• 


6 

4 


6 


s. J 


d.| 



6| 



ADIETT FOR THE THREE NEXT Messes to be served at one table, to the Queen's Lord 
Chamberlayne ; and for seven Messes of Ladyes, and Gentlewomen, sitting 
la the said Great Chamber; in all ten messes of the like fare. 



Sonday, Monday, and Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday. 

4 



Dynner. 



Cheate and Manchett, 

Ale, 

VVyne, 

Beefe and Mutton, 

Veale or Beefc, 



d. 

4 2 

2 griir 3 
di' pich'" 3 
I mefs 8 

1 5 



SOUPER. 



Cheate and Manchett, 

Ale, 

Wyne, 

Beefe fliced, 

Mutton boiled. 



d. 

4 2 

2 gair 3 
di' pich''3 
I mefs 3 

I 4 

Capons 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 



*S3 



Capons 2i or Hennes 2, 

Pigg, Goufe, 

Conyes, 

Lambe, Pegeons, 

Butter, 



I 

I 
I 
I 


d. 
B 
4 
5 
6 

2 


Capons 2, or Hennes 2, 

Conyes, 

Lambe, Pegeons, 

Butter, 


d. 
1 8 

I 5 

I 6 

2 




Sum 3 s 6 



Sum 3 s. 10 
Sum of this Dinner and Supper 7 s. 4^. 



Fryday Dynner. 

Cheate and Manchett, 

Ale, 

Wyne, 

Herring, 

Lyng. 

Salt Salmon, Salt Eales, 

Whitings, Gurnett, Place, 

Smelts or Flounders, 



d. 

4 2 

2 gall' 3 
di' pich'"3 
8 2 

1 qr' 3 
I mefs 5 

I 5 

I 3 



Fruite in Lent and out of lent none 3 s. 4 p annum. 
Butter 20 — 



Saterday Dvnner. 



d. 
4 2 

2 gall' 3 
di' pich^ 3 
8 2 

I qr' 3 
1 mefs 5 

1 5 

^ . 3 



20 



Sum of thefe two dayes, us 6 d. 



Supper. 

d. 

4 2, 

2 gall' 3 
di' pich^3 
8 2 

I qr' 3 

1 mefs 5 

I 5 

-^ 3 

20 



MEMORANDUM, Wednefday, Fryday, and Saturday, in Lent, one difli of Butter t^ 
be fervcd to every mefs in the Q^ieen's Chamber. 



p diem o 6 i| 

Sum ^ p weeke 282 

By the yeare 125 14 10 with the 3 s. 4d. in Lent. 



A DIETT FOR THE Secretaryes second Messe ; THE VVardrober of the Robes i 

THREE CoOKES, SeRJEANTS, AND GeNTLEMEN OfFlCERSAND GrOOMES OF THE PrIVY 

Chamber ^ of like fare. 



SoNDAY, Tuesday, or Thursday, Monday, or Wednesday, 
DyNNER. Souper. 



d. 



Bread, 


3 


14^ 


Ale, 


I gal' 


di' 


Wyne, 


q^' 


H 



iqt' 



d. 

li Bread, 

25 A le, 



d. 






Wyne, 



igairdv4 



i. 



3 

J gal' 

iqt' 



Beef, 



.H 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



Beef, I mefs 

Veale or "1 
other ro', J 

Pigg,Goofc, 1 J 

' or Hen, J 

Cony, Lam- 
be, or Pe- 
jeons. 



d. 



5 
3 

3 



Sume 3 s. o ct. 



a. 

I mefs 6 



(1. 



Mutton bo 1 ft^ ^ 
, , > 2 melics 6 
and ro J 

Lambe,Hen, | 

or other [ i 2 

didi, J 

Coney, Chick, 1 

or Peg eons, J ^ 3 



d. 

2 meffes 6 



Sume 2S. 7(1.1 



FrYJJAY Dl'NNER. 



d. 



Bread, 




3 li 


Ale 




igail'di'2i 


Wyne, 




q^ li 


Lyng 




I mefs 2 


Sahtion, 




I 2 


Place, Whiting, 




I 2 


P».ochetts,- or other diHi, 




I ? 


\ , 




Sume 14! 




fBy 


t. 
the day 


Suni' 


By 


the weeke 


►' . 


.By 


the yeare 46 



Saterday, Dinkeb and Supper. 



d. 

3 li 

igall'di;2^ 

I qt' 
1 mefs 
I 



2 

2 
2 
3 

Hi 



s. d. 

2 7§ plus In feptim 

17 9* 

8 9i 



♦ I 



d. 

3 ii. 

igairdl'2| 
iqt' li 
1 mefs 



Hi 



A DIETT FOR ONE Messe to the Clerke of the Spicery. 



SoNDAY, Tuesday, or Thursday, Monday, or Wednesday. 



Dynner. 

d. 

Manchett.J ^ 

Ale, 3 gall' 4 

Wyi e, di' pichr 3 

3eefe, 1 mefs 6 

Vtale, I 3 



Chet and 



JBaked meaie, i 



^ 



Supper. 



I ft Courfe. 
d. 



3 g^ll' 4 
di'pich'' ^ 

I mefs 6 



d. 

Cheat and 1 g 

Manchett,J ^ 

Ale, 3 gall' 4| 

Wyne, dl' pich'"3 

Muttonboiledl ^^^^3^ 

and rolled, J 
C poo, Hen, i 3 

l! owcetts, I 4 



d. 
3 



4l 



6 

3 gall* . 
di' pich*" 3 

2 melfes 6 
Lambf, 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIIL 

ct. 



185 



I,ambe,ChIck,i mefs 4 
Fruite, i 4 

Burter, 2 

Sum 6 s. 2 (J. 



d. d. 

1 mefs 3 Lambe, Chick, i mefs 4 
I 4 Fruite, i 4 

t Butter, 2 

Sum 5 5 - 5 d. 1 



d. 

I mefs 4 

I 4 

2 



Fryday Dynner, 



Bread, Cheat, and Manchetr, 
Ale, 
Wyne, 
I.yng 
Pike, 

Place, red fifb, 
Whiting, Haddocks, 
Roches, Sii:chs, 
•Jkutcr. 

Sum 



Saterday Dinner akd Sitpper* 



d. 

6 , 3 

3 gall 4^ 
di' pichr 3 

I mefs 2 

di' 7 

I mefs 6 

I 8 

1 2 

2 



By the day 
Sum \ By the vveeke 
By the yeare 



o 
I 
98 



s. 

5 

17 



d. 
3 



4l 



6 

3 gall' 
di' pich*" 3 

I mefs 2 

di' 7 

I mefs 6 

I 4 

I 2 

2 

2 a. 10 

d. 

4l 

9 

8| 





d. 


6 


3 


3 gall' 


4i 


di' pich 


M 


1 mefs 


2 


di' 


7 


I mefs 


6 


1 


4 


I 


2 




2 


2 s. 


10 



A DIETT FOR THE Great Mastir, for two Messes of Meate of likjl FABtE, 

AS followeth. 



Son DAY, Thursday, and Tuesday. 



Dynner. 



SoUPER. 



lit Courfc. 



^. d. 
Bread, Cheat, and Manchett, 28 14 

Ale and Beere, 10 gall' 15 

Wyne, I fextar' 2 pich'" 3 

Flelh for Pottage 2 

Beef, 2 meffes 1 6 

Mutton, 2 6 

Vealc, 2 10 

SwLan, <jrcen Goojc, 2 6 



s. d. 

Bread, Che", and Manchett, 28 14 

Ale and Bcere, 10 gall' 15 

Wvne, I fextar' 2 pich"" 4 

Fiefti for Pott;ige, 1^ 

Ivlutton boil'cl 2, roafled 4, 6me(rc5i8 

(>apons Kent, 4 28 

Herons or Bittern?, 2 mell'es-6 J? 

Conyc?, 4 if5 



Bb 



Capoi: 



iS6 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



Capons Kent, 
Conies, 
Frviindes, 
Frytters, 



melTes 3". 

4 2S 8 Do'.vcetts, 
4 lo 

228 
2 8 

2d Courfe. 



Lambe, Rabbetts 1 2, or Chick 1 2, 2 

Cockes 1 2, Plovers 1 2, Snipes 9, ") 

Larkes 4 doz', j ' 

Tarce, 

Frytters, 

Fruite, 

Butter, 

Eggs, 



2 
2 
2 



Sum 36 s. 



mefles d*. 
2 16 



ct. 
Pottage, 2 6 

Herons 4, Bitterns 4, Curle\ves4, 2 6 s. 



14 
3 s. 6 

16 
8 
8 
8 

5 



Kydd, Lambe, 

Rabbetts i2, Larkes 4 doz'. 

Chick 12, 
Cocks, Plovers or Gulls, 
Tarte, 
Fruites, 
Butter, 
Eggs, 



} 



Sum of this day 3 l. is. 



Sum 25 s. iS. |. 
id. i 



14 
15 



2 16 

z a 

8 

di' qr' a 



Monday and Wednesday. 



Dinner, 



Supper, 



ift Courfe. 



s. d. 

Bread, Cheate, and Manchett, 28 14 

Ale and Beere, 10 gall' 15 

1 fextar' 2 pich'^ 3 

2 
2, 16 

2 6 

4 2 s. 8 
2 meffes 1 6 
2 10 

2 2 



Wyne, 

Flefti fot Potage, 

Beefe, 

Mutton, 

Capons Kent, 

Allovves, 

Veale, 

Conyes, ba. 



s. d. 

Bread, Cheate, and Manchett, 28 15 

Ale and Beere, 10 gall* 15 

Wyne, i fext' 2 pichi's 3 

Flefh for Pottage, i| 

Mutton boiled and roafted, 6 meffes 18 

Capons, Kent 4 28 

Conyes, 4 10 

Chick, pejeons, 2 16 



2d Courfe 



Lambe, Rabbetts, 2 

Cocks, Plovers, or Gulls, 2 

Tarte or other di(h, a 



d. 
14 

3s. 8 

16 



Lambe, Larks, 
Cocks, Teales, Snipes, 
Tarts, 



2 
2 
2 



'1 s. 



d. 
14 

16 



Fruites, 



I N T H E XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIIL 



187 



F«-uites, 

Eggs, 

Butter, 



2 
qr' 



a. 

8 Frulces, 
i; Butter, 
8 



Sum 1 1. 2 s. 2 ct. Sum 

Sum of this day, 2 1. o s. 10 3. l- 



Sd'. 



a-. 

8 
8 



Fryday. 



Satterday. 



Dinner. 



Dinner. 









ifl < 


Courfe. 








s. d-. 




Bread, Cheat, and Manchett, 


28 


14 


Bread, Cheat, and I 


Ale and Beere, 




10 


gall' 15 


Ale and Bcere* 


Wyne, i 


fcxtar' : 


2 pic 


hrs 3 


Wyne, 


Pottige, 






2 


Pottage, 


i-yiig^ 




4 mefles 1 


Lyng, 


Salmon, 




2 


2 


Pikes, 


Place or Gurnard, 




2 


2 


Salmon, 


Haddock, Whitinge, 




2 


14 


Place or Gurnard, 


Congre, 




2 


2 


Haddock, Whitinge, 


Pikes, 




2 


2S. 4 


Sea Bream, Conger, 








2d Courfe. 








s. d:." 


k 


Burt, 




2raeffes2 


Byrt, Porpofc, 


Breame or Tench, 




2 


2 4 


Breame, Tench, or ] 


Soles, Chyne of Salmon, or 


h 


1 

20 


Lampreys, 


Troutes, 




SoUes or Trouts, 


Tartes, 




2 


16 


Fruites, 


Fruites, 




2 


8 


Butter, 


Butter, 






8 


Eggcs, 


Eggs, 




di' 


•qr' 2 1 




Sum of the day 


24s. 


9d. 


I 





s. S. 

anchett, 28 14 

logair 15 
I fextar' 2 pich5'"3 

2 
4 mefles 10 
2 24 
2mefres2 
2 2 
2 14 

2 2 



s. Si 

2mefl"es2 2 



} 



2 4 

16 
8 
6 

5 



Sum 



25 



Sum of the whole charge of the 2 mefles 
for the Great Mafter, and Lords. 

t. 5. d. 
p diem 2 19 o 

p Septiman' 17 211 
p ann' 824 14 S 





Supper. 






I ft Courfe. 


s. ct. 


Bread, 




28 14 


Ale and Becre, 




10 gall' 15 


Wyne, 




2pich'3 


J-yng. 




4 mefles 10 


Pikes, 




2 24 


Salmon, 


• 


2 2 



Bb 2 



riayce 



i83 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 







s. r. 


riayce or Gcirnctts, 


2. 


2 


Haddock, Whiting, 


2 


H 


Contjcr, 


^ 


2 


zd. Courfc. 




s. d": 


Byrt, 


2n:e 


•fits 2 2 


Breame, Tench, 


2 


2 4 


Solles, Cliynes of Salmon, 


2 


20 


Tarts, 


2' 


i6» 


Fruites, 


2 


8 


Butler, 




5. 


Kggs, 


qr' 


5. 



Sum 2 1. los. Oct. 



A DIETT FOR THE TWO Messes to the Loud Privv Sbaee ; three messes to 
THE King's Lord Chamberlyne ; the first Messe to the Queen's Lord 
Chamberlyne ; the three messes to the Captain of the Gentlemen Pen- 
cioNERS ; one Messe to the Secretarys; and four messes to the 'J'reasurei? 
AND Comptroller, of like farej in all fourteen Messes, as followetji. 



Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday. 



Dinner, 



Supper. 





ifb. 


Courfe. 






cf. 




tf: 


Cheate and Mancheit, 


lo 5 


Cheat and Manchet,. 


10 5 


Ale, 


4 gall* 6 


Ale, 


4gair 6 


Wyne, 


3 pich* 1 8 


Wyne, 


5 pich' i8 


Flelh for Pottage, 


2 


Flefh tor Pottage, 


2 


Beefe, 


I raefs 8 


Mutton roafted, 


2 mefles 6 


Mutton, 


I 3 


Mutton boiled. 


I 5 


Veale, 


I 5 


Capons, Rent, 


2 l6 


Swan or other difli, 


I 3s. 


Conyes, 


2 5 


Capons, Kent 2, 


2 l6 


Doulcetts, 


I mefs 8 


Conyes, 


* 5 






Fryandes, 


I lO 






Friuers, 


I 3 







ad. Courfe. 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING H E N R Y VIII. 



189 





2d, 


Courfe. 






S, 


- 


3. 


Ilerrons i, Kldd or Lambe, di* 1 


mefs 10 


Lambe, 


I mcfs 7 


Cocks 3, Plovers 4, Meuz* 3, j 


[ 16 


Larkes, Rabbets, 


I 14 


Snipes, Rabbetts, Larkes, j 


L 11 


Baked Meates, 


I ^ 


Tarte, or other difb^ j 


[ 10 


Fruite, 


I 4 


Frytters, i 


c 4 


Butter and Eggs, 


lO 


Fiuite, ] 


t 4 






l^ucter. 


10 







Sum of the day 24 s. 6 d!. 



Monday and Wednesday-. 



Dinner. 



SuPPER.^ 





i€ 


Courfe. 






d-. 




Su 


Bireadi Cheat, and Manchet, 


10 5 


Cheat and Manchet,,, 


10 5 


Ale, 


4 gall' 6 


Ale, 


4galP 5 


Wyne, 


3 pich' 1 8 


Wyne, 


3 pich' 1 8 


Flefli for Pottage, 


2 


Flefli for Pottage,. 


z 


Beef, 


I mefs 8 


Mutton boiled. 


I mefs 3- 


Mutton, 


I 3 


Mutton rofted. 


2 6- 


Veale or Capons Kent, 


2 16 


Capons rolled. 


2 i5- 


Conyes, 


2^ 5 


Conyes, 


I' 5 


Fryandes, 


I 10 


Dowcetts, 


I 8^ 




2d. Courfe. 






cT. 




a-. 


Herons, 


I mefs 8 


Larabe, 


1 mefs 6 


Cocks, Plovers, Pigeons, 


I 16 


Larks or Cocks, 


I > 1 2: 


Baked Meate, 


I 9 


Baked Meates, 


I & 


Fruite, 


I 4 


Butter and Eggs, 


8 


Butter, 


10 


Fruite, 


» 4. 



Sum of this day 19 s. j^S, 



Friday 



190 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



Friday Dinner* 



ift Courfc, 




&, 


Cheat and Manchet, 


10 


5 


Ale, 


4 gall' 


6 


Wyne, 


4 pich' 


18 


Pottage, 




2 


Lyng, 


2 


4 


Pikes, 


I 


14 


Frefli Salmon, 


I 


12 


Gurnard, Haddock, 


I 


12 


Whyting, Place, 


I 


7 



Burt, Porpofe, i mefs 14 

Tench, Brearae, Lampreys, rofl i • 14 

2d Courfe. 

Solies, Chevin, or Salmon, i mefs 10 

Tarte, i 8 

Butter and Eggs, 5 

Fruite, i 4 



Sum of the day us. 3 d. 



Satterday Dinner. 



5atterday Supper. 



ifl Courfe. 






I ft Courfe. 








a. 






S, 


Chet and Manchet, 




10 5 


Cheate and Manchet, 


10 5 


Ale 




4 gall' 6 


Ale, 




4 gall' 6 


Wyne, 




3 pich' 18 


Wyrie, 




3 pich' 1 3 


Pottage, 




2 


Pottage, 




2 


Lyng, 




2 mefs 4 


Lyng, 




2 mefles 4 


Frelh Salmon, 




I 12 


Pike, 




I 14 


Gurnard, Haddock, 




I 12 


Frefli Salmon, 




I 12 


Pike, 




I 14 


Gurnard, Haddock, 




I 10 


Whitings, 




I 6 


Whitinges, 




I 6 


2d Courfc. 




d. 


2d. 


Courfe. 


a. 


Byrt, Porpofe, 




1 mefs 14 


Burt, Conger, 




I mefs 12 


Tench or Breame, 




I 14 


Tench, Breame, 




1 !2 


Tarte, 




I 8 


Cheynes of Salmon 


* 


I 9 - 


Butter and Eggs, 




5 


Tarte, 




1. 8 


Fruite, 




I 4 


Butter and Eggs, 




5 


- 






Fruite 




1 4 




Si 


jm of this 


day 20 s. I id". 






Sum of thefe 1 


neffesj^y 


the day r 

« 1 


81 




everie mefs 


1 by 1 


the weeke 7 5 

1 e\ 


2, 








L^y 1 


the yeare 3$^ 9 


4? 


A DIETT 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING H E N R Y VIII. 191 



A DIETT FOR THE Wardrober of the bedds, Groome Porter, Yeoman anB' 

Officers of the house ; of like fare. 



SoNDAY, Tuesday, and Thursday, Monday and Wednesday* 



Dynner. 



Supper. 



s. 


S. 


S. 


a. 


Bread Cheat, 3 i| 


3 'i 


Bread, 3 1 1 


3 If 


Ale igal'dl'zi- 


igardl'ai 


Ale, igal'di'24. 


igalW2:. 


Beefe, i mefs 6 


1 mefs 6 


Beef, I mefs 2 


I mefs 2 


Veale or other rofl i 3 


I 3 


Mutton rod, i 3 


* 3 


Pig, Goofe, Co-1 ^ 
ney, f _ ,_ 


I 2 


Lamb, Coney, i 2^. 


I 2^ 




Sura 11 


II 


Sum 15 


15 







Sum of the day 45.43'. 



Fryday Dynner. 



Satterday Dynner and Supper. 



a-^ 



Bread, 

Ale, 

Lyng or Codd, 

Place, 


4 H 

2 gall' 2$ 

1 mefs 2 
I 4 


Whiting, 


I 2 
Sum iii 



6 4 

3 gall' 4l 
2 mefles 4 
2 6 

2 4_ 

Sum I s. loi 



A DIETT for two messes to the Maides, Servants, Children of Offices, 

Porters and Skowerers.. 



Dinner eyerie Flesh day. 



Supper every Flesh Day. 



Bread, 
Ale, 
Beefe, 
Veale, 



2 I Bread, 

I gall' 1 1 Ale 

I mefs 5' Beefe fliced, 



loi. 



Mutton, 



m 

I gair IX 

I 2 

I _^ 

7i 



Fryday 



192 ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



Fryday Dvnner. Sj\tterday Dinner and Supper. 

Bread, 2 i ■ — 4 ^ 

Ale, T gall' if — 2 gair 3 

i>jng, 1 mefs 2 — • — 2 melTes 4 

•Sea Fifh, I _2,^ — 2 4. 

Sum 6i Sun 13 

"Sum of the charg2 ofjBytheday o o 15I plus in fepL* 

this raeffe ; everie >By the weeke o 9 if 

mcfs rated ar, jBytheyeare 23 13 9^ 



TmE CHArC-ES CF the DILTTS, FOR THE KiNg"'s HiGHNESSE AND KIS SIDE IN CROSSE. 



The King's diett by the yearc 

The tirfl: meffe, to the Lord Great Mafter, and the Lords fitting with him ; 

with charge of fupper upon Frydays at night out of Lent, and Satterdayes 

at night within Lent, accompted tor 53 dayes. 
Item, the fecond melTe to the faid Greit Mafler, 
The firft meffe to the Lord Privy Seale, with the charge of fupper, ut fupra 
Item, his fecond mclTe, 
The firfi: melle to the Great Chamberlaine, 
Item, his fecond rrieffe. 
Item, .his ihird melfe. 

The tirll meffe to the Captain of the Gentlemen Pencloners, 
Item, his fecond melTe, 
Item, his third melTe, 
Item, his fourth mefie, 

The firft meffe to the Secretarycs, with tlie charge of Supper, ut fupra 
Item, theire fecond mefle, 

'I he lirfl meffe to the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, with Frydaycs Supper, 
Irem, their fecond meffe, 
Ti-.e Groomes of the Privy Chamber, i meffe 
Kdmond Harmond, Phillip, and the Children, * 

The AVardrober of the P»obes, 
The Vv^drdrober of the Bcdds, Groome Porter and Yeoman, and Groome of") 

the Bowes, three meffes, everie raeffe rated at 35 t. 5 s. o3. -i J 

The two meffes to the Phificions, everie meiTe rated at 66 1. 7 s. '5 d. | 
The Chirrirgions i mefs by the Yeare, 
T-i)€ Board vvg-s of four iMeffingers, everie of them 4^. by the day, 



t. 


s. 


a. 


1520 


12 


4 


512 


i6 


10 


447 





4 


406 


10 


4l 


368 


9 


4l 


36S 


9 


4l 


368 


9 


4l 


368 


9 


4* 


368 


9 


4l 


368 


9 


4:- 


368 


9 


4^ 


S6S 


9 


4^ 


406 


10 




406 


8 


9\ 


284 


I 


4t 


235 




4:- 


4^ 


8 


yi 


70 


10 


oi- 


4^ 


8 


9 


105 


15 


cA 


132 


14 


1 I 


66 


7 


5i 


24 


6 


8 
The 



IN THE XVilth YEAR OF KING HENRV VItt, 



'W' 



The Boardwages of John Baffianl, Anthony de Baffiani, Jafper de Baffiani,^ 
John Baptifta de Biffijwil, Marcus Antonius, Nichoias de Forcevell, 
Pellegreme, Sumon, Arcboni Simon, Nicholas Andrea, Anthoni Maria, 



John de Severnack, Gullia Gullia, John de Bovall, Nicholas Puvall, 



Huge Hanfneft, Ha.ice Hichorne, Peter de Melder, i8 Minftrells, | 
every of them at ^d, die day. J 



t. s, 4. 



> 119 10 



The Charge of Dyetts for the Queene's Grace, and her side. 



The Queene's Dyetts by the Yeare, 

The Quene's Breakefaft: by the Yeare, 

The Queene's Boord'send, 

The Ladies in prefence 2 Mefles, every MelTe rated at lyet. 17s. 6d. 

The firfl: Meffe co the Queene's Chamberlaine, 

Item, his three next Mefles, everic Mefs rated at 125!. 14s. lod.l 

The firil Meffe to the Ladies, 

The Ladies, Gentlewomen, and Chamberers, 7 MefTes, every Mefs \ 

rated at 1251'. 14s. lofcf. J 

One Mefle to the Phificion and Poticary, 
The Robes, one Meife, 
The Bedds, one Mtffe, 
The Groome Porter one MelTe, 
The Queen's Maide Servants, three Mefles, every") 

Mefs rated at 23I:. i6s. gid. J 

The Boordwages of the Queene's Laundrefs at 2d. the day, 



1520 


iz 


4 


70 








305 


5 


III 


341 


15 





$7S 


'5 


^i 


377 


4 


7i 


170 


17 


H 


8S0 


4 


If 


66 


7 


6i 


46 


8 


9l 


35 


9 


0^ 


50 


5 


oi 


71 


7 


41 



10 



The charge of Dietts of the Household in grosse. 



The firfl: Mefle of the Treafurer of the Houfehold, with the charge of 
fupper for Frydayes, oute of Lent, and Satterdaies in Lent, amounting to 
the Summ of 

Item, his 2d Mefl'e, 

The firft Meffe for Mr. Comptroller, with the charges of Souper, ut fupra, 

Item, the fecond Mefle, 

The charge of one Mell'e to the Cofferer, 

The charge of four Mefles to four Mafters of Houfehold -, two Mefles to' 
the Gierke of the Greene Cloth ; two Mefl'es to the Gierke of the 
Comptroller ; one MelTe to the Gierke of the Kitchyn ; every mefle rated 
at 265!:. 3s. 4d|. 

The Mefl!e to the Gierke of the Spicery, and Yeomen, 

The Mefle for the Compting-houfe, and Cofferer's Clerkes, 

The two Meffes to the officers of the Bake-houfe, 

C c 



406 10 



278 
406 
278 

255 
2386 

98 

35 
81 



9 
4 
9 
3 

10 

8 

5 

13 



4^ 



4^ 



4I 
4i 



2^ 



9i 

The 



194 



ORDINANCES MADE AT E L T H A M 



The three MeiTeS to the officers of the Pantrj--, 

The Melle to the oflicers of ihe Jewell-houle, 

T^ie Mpffe to the Kingos Apothecary and Cc)nfe(fHonary, 

The three Mefles to the officers of the Cellar, 

The two Meffts to the Buttry and Picher-houfe, 

The Meile to the Chauiidry, 

The three Mefies to liie ofTicers of the Ewry, 

The fix MefTes to the iMallers, Yeomen, and Groorac Cookes, 

The three MefTes to the officers of the Larder, 

The Boyling houfe one Mefs, 

The ofhcers of the Puhrey, one Mefs, 

The officers of the Scaldhig-houfe, one Mefs, 

The officers of the Padrey, two MefTes, 

The officers of the Squiilery, two MefTes, 

The officers of the W'oodyarc', two MefTes, 

The officers of Ahnonry, one MefTe, 

The Porters at the Gate, three MefTes, 

The II MefTes to the Children of the Kirchyn, Squiilery, and Paflrey, with 1 

Porters, Scowerers, and Turnbroches, eve-y Mefs at 23!. i6s. pid, in all J 
Waftc and commaundement, by cflimacion 12 Mefles, 
The Bjardvvages of four Yeomen harbingers, every of them 4d. the day, 
The Boardvvages of 5 officers of the Laundry, everie of them zjd. per diem. 
The Bjardwages of 2 Herds, Keepers of beefs and muttons, attending the") 

Court, everie of them, ^d. per diem, j 

The Boardwages of the under iMarfliall, at 6d. by the day, and two officers 1 

of the I\L;rfhalfy attending the Court, everie of them ^d. by the day, J 

Tlie Boardxvages of W^illiam Hammond, John Barwick, Richard Bulton,1 

and Hugh Lee, 4 children of the Lelli, after the rate of 23!. 15s. gd. J 
The Boardwages of Benedicl Browne, John Scotr, John Toucke, Edward^ 

Medcalfe, Stephen Bull, Peter Frauncis, John Peches, John Frere, I 

W-'iliiam Newman, Kichard Freind, Thomas Newman, Thomas Browne, | 

Arthur Scarlett, William Freind, 16 ... . at ^d. per diem, J 

The B:)ordwages of 4 Conduclsof the Bakehoufe; every of them i6d by thej^ 

Weeke ; amounting to the fum of J 

The Bread bearer, for his Boardwages, id. by the day, over and above"! 

id. by the day for his wages, J 

The charge of 68 Loves of bread ferved to the ofncers of the Lefli, for the-^ 

expences of the King's Greyhounds, being in their keeping ; and 34 

Loves ferved to Islr for the King's Greyhounds being in his 

keeping, in all ic2 Loves, dayly ferved at 5 everie Loafe j amounting in 

the day to 2s. idi. by the yeare to 
The charge of the Stable, by eifimacion, amountcihto. 



I 


S. 


g\ 


116 


18 


10 


25 


5 


o| 


40 








116 


18 


10 


70 


10 


oi 


35 


5 


ck 


116 


1-8 


10 


245 


I 


5l 


T I r 


18 


lo 


35 


5 


o| 


16 


8 


9i 


35 


5 


o| 


81 


H 


9i 


81 


13 


9i 


81 


13 


9t 


55 


5 


oi 


n6 


18 


10 


261 


^3 


7 


246 


e 





24 


6 


8 


30 


8 


4 


12 


3 


4 


21 


5 


10 


23 


15 


9 



98 6 8 

13 18^ 4 

I 10 5 

38 15 7i 



2 6 so 



AN 



I N T H E XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 



^95 



AN ESTIMATE-ViEW of such requisite Provicions, and other Ikcydents as be 

TO BE HAD AND PROVIDED FOR THE EXPENCES OF THE KlNC's HOUSEHOLD, WHICH 
BE NOT RATED NOR VALUED WITHIN THE DiETTS. 



Firfl:, Wood for Furnage of Bread, per annum, by eftimation, 

Item, Grindeing of Wheate, Meflurage, Canidge, and Batcleage of Wheat, T 

Bread, and Meale, ut fupra, by eflimation, _j 

Item, in necefiaries, as Canvas for Couch-clothes, and Carte-clothes,! 

Sack?, houfes, and Garnatours hyred, / 

Item, Expcnces and Coils of Purveyors of Wheate and other officers of thel 

faid office by the yeare, by effiimation, J 



Item, Malmefey and other fvveet wines, and butts at4d. per but. 

Item, Renifli wine 4 fatts, every fat containing 3 Almez, at 305. the A-lme, 

Item, Cellaridge, Cranage, Sponage, Romage, and Carriage of Wine, 

Item, Affien Cupps, in the yeare, by eflimation. 

Item, Empty Pipes and Coupridge of Ale, 

Item, in Leather Potts, by eflimation. 

Item, Cellars and Storehoufes hyred, by eflimation, 

Item, the Expences of Purveyors of Ale and Wyne, 



t. s. d. 

40 o o 

50 o o 
13 6 8 
1000 



jC-iiS 


6 


8 


40 








18 








100 








20 








26 


13 


4 


5 








4 








13 


6 


y 



Spicery and Chaundrey. 



Summ, iC* 2zy o o 



Item, Waxe over and above the Bouche of Court, by eflimacion, 

Item, in Spices, by eflimation, ut lupra, 

Item, Diaper and other Lynnen cloath, by eflimation. 

Item, White-Lights, by eflimation, 

Item, Carriage of Houfehold- fluff, at the King's removeing, 

Item, th'expences of Gentlemen Ufhers, Harbingers, and other oflicers. 

Item, parchment, paper, yncke, quills, and other neceffaries for the 



400 



Compting-houfe, Spicery, Chaundery, and other oiRces, 



Kitchen, 



Su 



mm. 



Item, boardwages to fick fclke and expences out of the Court to divers 

ofiicers, -by eftiaiation, 
Item, Carriage of Venifon by the year, by efliir.aiion, 
Item, rewards given to fuch as fliall bring prefents, by ellimaiion, 
Item, the fee of the leade for bailing f^rying, &:c. 
Item, rewards given to fuch as are aiarrjcd, 



C c 2 



I 



} 5^ 13 



o - 



656 

1.H 


13 
6 


4 
8 


120 








503 








66 


13 


4 


26 


^3 


4 


713 


6 


8 





16 13 4 
20 

6 13 4 
3 (^ « 


Summ, 


£■ 103 6 8 

ACCATRY 



196 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



ACCATRV. 



Item, Bay Salt, by eftimaclon. 

Item, White Salt, bv eftimacion, 60 quarters. 

Item, Fugation of beef'j, muttons, and veales, 

Item, Paftures hyred by the yeare. 

Item, Carriage of flefh, fait, frefh-water filh, Lyngs, Cods, Salt> 

falmon, 

Item, Score-houfes hyred, and other neceffarycs. 



i. 5. <!. 
20 o o 
13 6 § 



30 o o 



Sunfm, ;^. 163 6 8 



Poultry. 

Item, Carriage of Poultrey in the year, by eftimacion. 
Item, Houfes hyred and other DcceiTaries, 



120 o o 
30 o o 



^50 



SquiLLERy. 

Item, Coales in the yeare, by eflimation, 
Item, Pewter velTeis in the yeare, by eftimacion, 
item, Brafs potts, pannes, broches upon racks, ftandards, chefts, garde-"! 
viances, &c. by eftimacion, J 

Item, Herbs for the Kychen, by eftimacion. 
Item, Expences out of Court for the Purveior and others, 



Saucery. 

Item, in muftard, vinegar, and vergeuice, by eftimacion. 
Item, in herbs for faucss by eftimacion, 



Woody A RD. 



324 








40 








. 66 


13 


4 


40 








10 









Suram, £. 506 13 4 



50 o o 
400 



Summ, £' S'\ o o 



Item, in Wood for fewell, over and above Bouch of Court, 

Item, in Ru(hcs and ftraw, by eftimacion, 

Item, in neceiTarie^, as Planks, Boords, quarters of Boords, TrefTells, 

Formes, Cupbords, with Carpenters hyred. 
Item; th'expences of Purveyors and other officers, 



} 



440 
60 



e 
o 



10 o 
6 13 



o 
o 



Suiijw,;^.5i6 13 4 
It era. 



IN THE XVlIth YEAR OF KING H E N R Y VIIL 



Ite.Ti, in Bread, Ale, and Wyne fpent dayly in the Kitchen and Paftry, by ") 
the yeare, J 

Item, Bread, Ale, and Wine fpent at the Barrs of the Pantry, Buttrey, "1 
and Celler, by eftimacion, j 

Item, the King's dayly AInaes at 4s. per diem. 

Item, the King's dayly Almes to 13 poore men in bread and ale, by eftiraation. 

Item, the Kings Offerings, paid in the Compting-houfe, 

Itein, the charge of the Account yearly delivered into the exchequer. 

Item, Robert Tatton his Fee for the Receipt of the AfTignement, 

Item, the Fee to Vicars, Surgeon, 



l 



220 



400 



s. 
o 



^97 



73 








10 


14 


7 


12 


14 


8 


25 








20 








<20 









Summ, /". 731 19 3 



Sum of the whole locydents. 



£'4A^S * ^ 



PENSIONS TO BE PAID TO THE Gentlemen, Yeomen, and G^oomes, with Pages of 

ALL SIDES. 



Maffye Villyard, 
John Fenne, 
John Bond, 
Henry Lodifman, 
Thomas Carter, 
Roger Beckct, 
Richard GifFord, 
Richard Unibrefield, 
John May, 
Adam Grayford, 
William Pierce, 
John Haycliffe, 
Thomas Skelcon, 
V^illiam Wells, 
William Blakedon, 
John App Howell, 
John Ampthili, 
Thomas Sylvefter, 



J. 


S. 


d. 


10 








10 








10 








10 








10 








I J 








6 








, 6 








6 








■0 








6 








6 








6 








6 








6 








6 








6 








6 









William Hayward, 
BiirtholomewWorley 
John Perkyns, 
Richard Dwarhoufe, 
Richard Marfton, 
Hugh Wood, 
John V/clfli, 
Thomas Shalford, 
John Pury, 
Ralph Bolney, 
William Newbolr, 
William Phillips, 
James Aliyfou, 
K. Farmer, 
Hugh Myners, 
William Maperly, 
William Bowman, 
Thomas Tirwhitt, 



6 

,6 

6 

6 

6 

6 16 

4 o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 



d. 

o John Dipp, 
o Thomas Chriflmas, 
o ^Villiam Spooner, 
o Gilbert Lockart, 
o Edward Stanebank, 
10 Thomas Walker, 
o Richard Ellyot, 
o Thomas Reddins;, 
o William Thorney, 
o John Davy, 
o Robert W^hitiockc, 
o William Dawes, 
o William Kirby, 
o William Moorton, 
o Jcffry Hollande, 
o William Johnfon, 
o John Tynker, 
o 



t. s. cf« 

400 



4 
4 
4 
4 
2 



o 
o 
o 
o 



2 13 

2 13 

2 13 

2 13 

2 13 

2 13 

2 13 

2 13 

2 13 



o 
o 
o 
o 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 

4 
4 

4 
8 



TH*AP- 



193 ORDINANCES MADE AT ELT HAM 



TH'APPOINTMENT of herbigagk to be ordinarie"for all Noble Estates and 

OTHCBS, as FOLLOWETH; as well F0R STABLING FOR THEIRE HORSES, AS FOR LODGING 

AND BEDS FOR THEIRE SERVANTS: APPOINTED BYTHeKiNG's HlGHNESS AT HIS ManNOR 
OF ElTHAM, THE 19th DAY OF JANUARY IN THE I yth YeARE OF HIS KOBLE ReIGNE. 

Horfes. Bedds. 
A Cardinall, tabling for, 

A Duke, being lodged within the Court, ftabJIng for, 24 9 

An Earle, being lodged within the Court, (tabling for, 18 7 

A Bifliopp, being lodged within the Court, flabling for, 16 6 

The Lord Chamberlaine to the King, ftablingfor, 18 7 

Knights, being of the King's counfell, every of them being"! n,,. ^r n 

lodged within the Court; and all other of the councell, j '^ ' o °^) 3 

The King's Secretary, being lodged within the Court, (tabling for, 8 3 

Six Gentlemen of the privie chamber, every of them, (labling for, 6 2 

Every Chaplayn, (labling for, 3 2 

Every Gentleman Hufher, Dayly wayter, (labling for, 3 i 

Every Groome of the privie Chamber, (tabling for, 2 2*'j"°"e^ 

Every Page of the Chamber, ftabling for, 2 j. ' '°» i 

Mr. Chamber, Phificion, (labling for, 41 

Every Surgeon, {tabling for, 3 i 

Mafler of the Jewell-houfe, (labling for 5 i 

An ArchbiOiopp, being lodged in the Court, (labling for, 24 9 

A Marquis, being lodged within the Court, (tabling for, 20 8 

A Vifcount, being lodged wiihin the Court, (tabling for, 16 6 

A Baron, being lodged within the Court, (tabling for, 14 5 

The King's Vice-Chamberlayne, ftabling for, 8 3 

Knights (or the body, and other Knights, every of them, (labling for, 6 2 

Every Eiquire for the body, (tabling for, 5 2 

Every Sewer for the King, (tabling for, 4 2 

Every Gentlemjn HuQier of the privie chaniber, (tabling for, 4 . 2 

Every Sewer of the chamber, (tabling for, - 42 

Every Groome of the chamber, (labiing for, 2 i' 

Matter of tlie Henxmen, (tabling for, 6 2 

Dr. Bently, Phificion, (tabling for, 3 2 

Every Sergeant at Arm^s, (labling for, 3 2 

Every Gierke of the Signet, (tabling :or, 3 2 

Meffengers four, (labling for, 4 2 

The Malter of the Gram uer, (tabling for, 3 2 

The Sackbutts, eight, (tabling lor, i6 8 
The Lefn, (labling for. 
The Fauconers, (tabling for, 

A Euishes, being a wiciow, and being lodged in the Ci>urt, flubling for, 20 7 

A Marquis's Wife, her hufoand being out of the Ceiut, (tabling for, 16 5 

A Coun- 



Horfes. 


Bedds. 


14 


4 


10 


3 


8 


3 


5 


I 


6 


S 


7 


» 


5 


2 


3 


2 


3 


2 


2 


t 


4 


I 


3 


2 


12 


5 


6 


I 


4 


I 


4 


I 


a 


I 



IN THE XVIIih YEAR OF KING H E N R Y VIII. 



A Countefs, her hufband beinej out of the Court,! n 1 r r 
u • -jj ^ uabhnq for, 

or being a widdow, j 5 » 

A Baronefs, &c. her hufband being dead or out of the Court, tabling for, 

A Knights Wife, her hufband behjg out of the Court, ft.ibling for. 

Gentlewomen, being Lord's daughters, theire hufbands "] n ui- r 
, • ■ u r- ^ t iiabling tor, 

being \n the Court, J *=" ' 

The Qiieenc's Maids, amongfl them all, flabling for, 

TheQueene's V'ice-ChaiTiberlaine, ftabling for, 

The Queene's Secretary, tabling for, 

Every Sewer, 8>rc. ftabhng for, 

Every Chaplaine of the Queen's, flabling for, 

Every Page of the Qvieen's Chamber, ffabhng for, 

The Queen's Phyficion, flabling for, 

The Serjeant at Armes with the Queene, ftabling for, 

Mr. Treafurer, ftabling for, 

Mr. Cofferer, ftabling for. 

The Gierke Comptroller, ftabling for, « 

The chief Clerke of the S| icery, ftabling for, 

Every other Clerke of the Houfehold, 

Trompetts, ftabling for, 

Clerke of the Market, ftabling for. 

The Minftrells, ftabling for, 

The Huntfman, ftabling for, 

The Card, ftabling for, 

A Dutches, her hufband being in the Court, ftabling for, 

A Marquifes wife, her hufband being in the Court, ftabling for, 

A Countefle, her hufband being in the Court, ftabling for, 

A Baronefte, her hufband being in the Court, ftabling for, 

A Knights wife, her hufband being in the Court, ftabling for. 

Every of the Oueene's Gentlewomen, being Lord's") n . ,. . 
1 u. J • 1 ' D K ItabliDg for, 

daughters and widowes, J o 3 

The Q^ieen's Lord Chamber! aine, flabling for, 

The Qiieen's Chancellor, ftabling for, 

Every Gentleman Uflier, ftabling for. 

Every Gentleman Wayter, ftabling for. 

Every Groome of the Chamber to the Queen, ftabling for. 

Every of the Queen's Yeomen, ftabling for. 

The Queen's Apothecary, ftabling for. 

The Lord Steward, ftabhng for, 

Mr. Comptroller, ftabling for. 

Every Clerke of the Greencloth, ftabling for, 

Every Secondarie Gierke, ftabling for, 

Every Genileman Ofiicer, taking yid. per diem, ftabling for, 



199 



120 


60 


8 


2 


8 


2 


8 


2 


7 


2 


4 


I 


6 


2 


16 


5 


7 


3- 


3 


I 


3 


2 


2 


I 


2 


I 


3 


I 


18 


7 


12 


5 


4 


I 


3 


I 


3 


2 



MEMO. 



too ORDINANCES MAD E AT ELT HAM 

MEMORANDUM, That convenient Herbigage be given unto all officers of every office, 
according to fiich number as fhall be appointed in the Compting-houfe ; the copie whereof 
fliall be deUvered'from time to time unto the Herbigers. • 

And alfoe, that Herbigage convenient be given unto fuch number of Prefles, and other 
minifters of the Chappell, as fliall be from time to time appointed to give their attendance 
upon the King's Highneffe ; the copie of which appointment in like cafe ihall be delivered to 
the Herbigers. 



HEREAFTER ensueth as well ihe number of all the King's Horses, as Coursers, 
Hobbies, Geldings, Moyles, Muletts, Carriages, Horses and others; as alsoe 

THE NtTMBER OF ALL OFFICERS, HORSES, AND HACKMEYS, APPERTAIN EING TO THE KiNg's 

Highnesses Stable and Avery; with the charges of all the aforesaid horses 

AND hackneys for ONE DAY, AND SOE BY THE SPACE OF ONE WHOLE YEARE ; BY 
fiSTIMACION. ^ 



Courfers, 30 

Young horfes, 8 

Barbary horfes, 4 

Stallions, 8 

Hobbyes and Geldings, 12 

Running Geldings, , 4 

Moyles, z 

Moyletts, 23 

Maile horfes, i 

Bottle horfes, 3 

Staikin horfes, i 

Pack horfes, i 

Sompters and Befage horfes, 7 

Horfes for the clofe carriage of the Robes, 5 



The totall fum of the whole number of the King's Horfes, 109 

The Mafter of the Horfes, 3 

Mr. Parker, 3 

Mr. Jaques de Garnardo, 2 

Ml". Avenor, 2 



The fum of the Officers Horfes, 10 

The fum totall of all the double Horfes, 119 

The 



IN THE XVHth YEAH OF KING HENRY VIII. z^j 



1. 5. d. 
271 19 4I 



The Charge of 119 Horses per ann. 

For Hay and Litter for the faid 119 Horfes by eftimacion everie of them"] 
rated at i|d. p. diem, with the furcharge in Innes, amounteth by the > 
day to 14s. lOjd. ; which v/ill amount by the yeare to the fume of J 

Item, in Oates for Provender for the faid 119 Horfes, everie of them rated ^ 
at half a Bufhel p diem, amounteth to 7 Quarters 3-I Buftiells, which 
will amount by the yeare to 2714 Quarters 5! Bulhells, at 3s. 4d. > 452 8 li| 
the quarter, with the furcharge in Innes, by eltimacion amount to the 
fume of -* 

Item, for flioeing and nayllng of the faid Horfes ; everic of them rated at "1 , 

5 p. diem ; amounteth to 2s. 5|d. which is p annum, j 45 4 i- 



Sume, £'~i^^ 12 4I 



The Number of Hacknies of inverse Officers as hereafter ensueth. 

The Groome of the Stoole, 2 

Mr. Penifon, 2 

Mr. Stannop, - 2 

Mr. Dudley, a 

Mr. Audley, 2 

The Gierke of the Averie, 2. 

The fecond Gierke there, z 

The third Gierke there, z 

The Serjeant of the Carridge, 2 

The three Surveyors of the Stable, 6 

The Gierke of the Stable, z 

The four Yeomen Purveyors, 4 

The three Yeomen Garnators, 3 

The Yeoman of the clofe carriage of the Robes, i 

The Yeoman Sadler, i 

The chiefe Ferrour, z 

The three Yeoman Ferrours, 3 

The three Groome Ferrours, % 

The five Groomes of the Stirrop, 5 
The Keeper of the little Moyles, 

The fix: fumpter Men and one B£fage man, 7 

The Peck man, , J 

1 he King's Foole, I 

D d Riders. 



202 



ORDINANCES MADE AT E L T II A M 



H'ukrs. 

Thomas Oagle, 
Alexander de BoUonia, 
Alexander Gynger, 
Ilanniball Marlhall, 
Lancelot Sacker, 
Leonard Story, 
Chriftopher Errington, 



The furae of the number of the Hacknies, 66 



For Hay and Litter by eflimacion for the faid 66 Hackneys, everie of them"" 
rated at i d. f p day, with the furcharge in Innes, amounting to 8s. 3^. 
which will amount by the yeare to the lurae of 

ITEM, in Oates for provender for the faid 66 Hacknyes, everie of them rated"" 
at one peck pdieiu, amounteth to 2 quarters i bufliell, which is p annum 
752 quarters, 6| bufliells at 3 s. 4^. p quarter, with the furcharge in Innes 
by cllimation, amounteth to the futne of. 



150 II 3 



125 19 4 



Item, for fhoeingand naylingof the faid 6(5 Hackneys, every of them rated") j 

at 5 p diem, to 16 d. i *• and p annum, J 



Sume 

The fume totall of the 119 double horfcs and 66 Hacknies, for one 
whole yeare, by eftimation, 



301 12 6 
j 1071 4 ic^ 



HER-E AFTER ensuetii the charge of wages, Boardwaces, and other allow- 
ances, FOR ALL OFFICERS OF THE StaBLE AKD AvERY FOR ONE WHOLE YEARE, BY 
tSTIMACION. 



The MaQer cf the Horfes for his fee p annum, 

Iteir, for one cart for the carriage of his iluife at the King's removing, 

Mr. Parker, for his fee 

Mr. Per.-fon, 

Mr. Sfaanop, 

My. Audley, 

I\Ir. J^ques de Garnad^, 

The Avenor, 

Item, the wajes and boardwages of the fccond Gierke of the Avery, by the 
36 ire. 

Item, the w.iges and boardwages of a third Gierke of the Avery, 



} 



I. s. 


d. 


66 13 


4 


20 




20 




20 




20 




40 




40 





26 15 4 

26 13 4 

Item^ 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 



203 



Item, for one cart for the carriage of bootes, he. 

Item, the wages of the Serjeant of the Carriages, at 7 d. p dicin. 

And for his boardwages, at 8 d. p diem. 



Item, the wages of the Gierke of the Stable, at 3 S, p. diem 
For his boardwages, at 8 d. p diein. 
And for his Liverie Coate, 



Item, the wages of the cheife Ferrier at 7 d. p diem. 
And for his boardwages at 6d. p diem, — p annum 



in all 



t. s. d. 



10 12 II 
1254. 



22 16 3 

411 3 

12 3 4 

17 4 



in all 



in all 



Item, the wages of the yeoman of the flirrop at c^ d'. p diem, 4 1. lis. 3 d. 1 
for his boardwages at 6d. p diem 9 t. 2 s 6d. and for his Liverie Cote > 
17 s. 4d. in all by the yeare, J 

Item, the wages of three furveyors of the flable, everie of them at 3 d. p diem 
13! 13 s. 9 d. for their cotes, everie of them 17 s. 4d. p annum 52 s. 
and for their boardwac;es everie of them at S l\. p diem, which is 
p annum, 36!. 10 s. od. in all 

Item, the wages of one Yeoman Purveyor at 3 d. p diem 4!. lis. 2^' for 
his boardwages at 6 d. p diem 9 t. 2 s. 6ii. and for his Liverie Coate, 
17343'. in all p annum 

Item, in like allowance to be given to three other Yeomen Purveyors, everie") 
of them at 14!. 12 s. id. in all p annum, J 

Item, like allowance to be given to three yeoman Garnators, everie of them"! 
ati4l. IIS. id. in all p annum, - J 

Item, the allowance to be given to the Yeoman Sadler by the yeare, 

Itein, the wages of tlie Yeoman of theMojles at 4d. p diem 61. 1 s, 8 d. for ) 
his liverie coate 17 s. 4 d. and for boardwages at 4d. p day 6t. 13. 8 ti. [ 
iu all by the y^^aro, . J 

Item, the wages of the Yeomm Bht-msker at 3 d. p day 41'. 11 s 3 d. ano 1 
for his liverie coate 17 s. 4d. in all by the yeare, J 

Irem, the wages and boardwages for one ytomrtn at 7 d. p d.iy lol. 12 s. 1 1 d, T 
and for his liverie coate 17 s. 4d. in ;il! bv the yeare, j 

Dd 2 



17 II II 

10 12 II 
926 

19 15 5 
14 II I 

5i 15 9 

14 1 1 I 

43 13 3 



14 1 1 I 

13 o a 

5 8 7 



1 1 10 



Item, 



Z04 



ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHARf 



Item, like allowance to be given to two other Yeomen Ferrours everie of") 
them at 1 1 t. ID s. 3 d. p annum, j 

Item, the wages of the Yeomen of the clofe carriage of the Robes at 2 3.^ 
p diem, 41- 1 1 5. 3 d. for his board \v;iges at 4di p day, 6 L is. 8 d. and 
tor his llverie coacc 17 s. 41}'. in all p annum, 

Item, the wages of one Peckman at 2S. { p diem a-nd 76 s. od". |; for his" 
boardw:igC3 at 41!. ^ day 6 t. is. 3 d". and for his liverie coate 17 5. 4 d". 
in all by the yeare, 

Item, fiv'e Grco."nes of the Stirrop every of them at 2 ct p day 56 s. 10 d. "^ 
to everie of them for their liverie coates 15 s. od.- and ro evei-y one of them 
for their boardwages at 4d. p day 61;. is. 8 d. in all for them five by 
the yeare, 

Item, the wages of one Ccurfer man at 2 d. p day ^os. lad. for his" 
boardwages at 4d. p day 6 1. is. 8 d. and for his liverie coate 15 s. 
in all, 

Item, like wages and boardwages for 28 Courfer men, Keepers of Barbary 
horfcs, Stallens, Mules, and Hobbies, and Geldings; everie of them at 
9 L 8 s. 6 d. p annum ; in all 

Item, like wages and boardwages for fix Sumprer men and one Befage man j") 
every of them at 9 1. 17 s. 6 d. in all p yeare, J 

Item, the wages of one Groome Ferriour at 2d. p day 60s, lod. for his 
boardwages at 4d. p day 61. is. 8 d. and for his liverie coate 10 s. 
in all 

Item, like allowance to be given to two other Groome Feiriors, everie of") 
them at 9 t. 1 7 s, 6 d. in all p antuurv J 

Item, the wages of one Groome of the clofe carriage of the Robes, at 2 a. p" 
day, 60s. I'o d; for his boardwages at 4 d. p day 6i is. bd^ and for 
his ii\crie coate 15 s. in all 



ttem, lik-e vvage'5 and boardwages of 13 Keepers of carriage Moulets ; everie] 
of them at 9 1. 17 s. 6 d. p annum ; m all j" 



Irem, the wages and boardwages of ten footernenj averie of them at 131'. 6s." 
B d. p ye. re, amount to the fume of. 

Groome of the clofe carriage of the fhable. 
Item, the wages of him at 2d. p day 6os. i^d. for his boardwages at 4d. 
rj day 6 t. is. 8 d. and for bis Hverie coi^te i3_s, in all p annuraj. 



i. s. a^." 

23 o 6 
II <o 3. 

10 15 o^ 

49 7 6 

9 17 6 

276 10 o 

59 5 o 

9 17 6 

19 15 o 

9 17 6 

128 7 6 



] ^33 .6 3 



9 17 <^ 

Gfoomc 



IN THE XVIIth YEAR OF KING HENRY VIII. 



Groome of the bottle horfes. 

Item, like wages and boardvvages for him p annum, 

RyJers. 

Thomas Ogle for his wages and board wages, by the yeare, 

Alexander de Bolonia, for the faid allowance, 

Alexander Ginger, for his wages and boardwages, 

Kambell Marfliall, for the faid allowance, 

Nanclott Sacker, 

Leonard Story, 

Chriftopher Errington, 

Item, the charge of the emption of divers horfes for their clofe cariage") 
and fumpters, by elliraacion yearly, ' J 

Item, for the charge of diverfe neceflariea of the clofe carriage horfes and 1 
fumpters, by eltimacion yearly, . j 







205 


* 


s. 


a. 


9 


^7 


6 


20 








30 








3© 








20 








13 


6 


8 


^'3 


6 


8 


13 


6 


8 



20 



20 



Item, for the char:;e of diverfe necefTaries of clofe carriage horfes and fump-1 

ters, and for repairing and mending of the dole carriage, by eilimacion > 2000 
yearly, J 

Item, for Medfons and drinks given to horfes, yearly by eftimacion, 10 o o 

Item, for lights, nightly burning, by edi.nacion, 66 8 



Sume totall of all the Charge of Wages and Boardvvages of Officers of] 
the biable and Avery, J 

Item, for the charge of one cart for carriage of the King's fadles, bridles, 
bytts, forecloathes, harneffes, and other necelfaries, in his Highnelfe re- 
moveing; by eftimacion 

Iti.m, for the charge of horfes hyred for the clofe carriage of the ftable, st- 
fuch times as itfl:jall need to be occupied. 

The charge of the Hempermen for one year p eftimacion 
Firft, for the dieits by eftimncion 
Item, for their Bouch of Court- 
Item, for the Boardwages of one Yeoman 
Item., for the Boardvvages or" their cojnmon ferrant 



The 



oo6 ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



THE KING'S HIGHNES SE hath APPOI^'TED thk Charge of his Stable to be 

ORDERED IN MANNER AND FORME FOLLOWING. 

FIRST, that the Mafter of the Horfes doe appoint all fuch Querries, Officers, and 
Keepers, as by him fliall be thought convenient, to give their attendance upon the King's- 
Grace at the Court and at other out liveries prepared for the Couriers and other Horfes. 

ITEM, that the Avener, three Querries, the Clerke of the Stable, one Surveyor, one 
Purveyor, one Yeomen Garnecer, the Yeoman of the Stirrop, the Yeoman Ferrour, the 
Yeoman Sadler, with the ten footmen, to give their dayly attendance at the Court. 

AND, that the faid Querries and Surveyors or two of them at the leaft, doe dayly fee all 
fuch horfes as (hall be appointed for the King's Highnefle to be fubllantially ferved, accord- 
ing to their allowance, as well in all necefTary apparell for them belonging, as alfo in Hay, 
Garbage, and Litter, fufficient for the faid horfes, without any waft, bribing, or giving 
away any part or parcell thereof; and in Oates, after the rate for every horfe half a buQiell 
P day ; and if the ftid horfes doe not eate the faid dayly allowance of half a BuOiell by the 
day for a horfe, then the overplus of the faid Oates to be dayly faved to the King's ufe, 
and to be delivered againe by the faid Querries or Surveyors to the Garnitor, and he to be 
charcred tiicrewiih againe ; and that the faid officers doe account dayly by them/elves, as well 
for ail the vacatts, as other horfes, abiding ftill ac the King's charge, and foe to engroffe 
monthly their laid accompt; whereunto the faid Querries and Surveyors to fett their hands, 
athru-iincr the fame to be juft and true: And foe to be delivered unto the Mafter of the 
Horfes, and the Avener to perufe the fame, and thereunto to fett their hands ; yeelding 
the faid accompt monethly to the great Mafter of the Houfehold, and other hedd officers of 
the fame, into the corapting houfe ; whereof they to give due allo'.vance of the fame accord- 
ingly, and to difcharge the faid accomptants. 

ITEM, that three other Qtierrles, with the fecond Clerke of the Avery, one Surveyor, 
one Yeoman Purveyor, one Yeoman Garnaior, the Packman, the Rjders, one Marflial, 
one Yeoman Ferriour, one Groome P'erriour, and lo Keepers, doe dayly give their at- 
tendance upon the couriers and young horfes ; and that they dayly fee the faid courfers and 
voung hories fubftantiallv ferved according to their allowance, as well in all neceflaries to 
them belong'ng, as in Ha)', Garbage, and Lytter, fufficient for the faid horfes, without 
any waft, bnbmg or givcing away any part or parcell thereof; and in oates after the rate for 
every horle half a bufticl iiy the day; and if the faid horfes doe not eate -the faid daviy al- 
lo'A-ance of hilf a bufliell by the day, that then the fa'd Querries, Clerke and Surveyor to 
refcrve the overplus ot the fail Ores, to the King's ufe dayly ; and to be delivered agiine by 
Oi-.^ of the laid Querries and Surveyors unto the faid Garnitors, and he to be charged there- 
with ao"iine ; and that the faid Orhcers doe accompt dayly by themfelves, as uell for all 
vacatts, as other horfes abiding ftill ac the King's charge ; acd foe to engroffe moneriily 
their laid account, whereunto the faid Querries and Surveyors lo fett their hands, affirmeing 
them to bs juit and true, and foe to be delivered unto the Mafter of the Horfes, and the 

A\ener 



IN THE XVITthYEAR OF KING H E N R Y VIIL 207 

Avener to perufe the faine, and thereunto to fett their hands ; yeilding the faid Accompt 
monethly to the great Mafter of the Houfehold, and other the officers of the fame in manner 
aforefaid. 

ITEM, that the Serjeant of the carriage, the third Gierke of the Avery, one Surveyor, 
one Purveyor, one Garnitor, one Yeoman Ferriour, one Groome Ferriour with the Yeoman 
and Groome of the clofe carriage of the Robes, and all other Sompter men, and Moyle 
men, doe give their attendance dayly upon the carriage horfes, and that the Serjeant, 
Gierke, and Surveyor doe dayly fee the faid horfes fubftantially ferved according to their 
allo'vance as well in all neceflaries to them belonging, as in Hay, Garbage, and Lytter, 
fufficient for the faid horfes, without any waft, bribing or giving away any part or parcel! 
therof 1 and in otes after the rate for every horfe halfe a bufhel by the day ; and if the faid 
horfes doe not eate the faid dayly allowance of half a bufhel by the day for a horfe, that then 
the overplus of the faid oates to be dayly referved to the King's ufe, and to be delivered 
againe by the faid Serjeant, Gierke, and Surveyor, to the Garnitor, and he to be charged 
therewith againe ; and that the faid officers doe accompr dayly by themfelves as well for all 
vacatts, as other horfes. being at the King's charge ; and foe to engrofls monethly the faid. 
accompt, whereunto the faid Serjeant, Gierke, a^id Surveyor, to fett their hands, affirming 
the fame to be juft and true, and foe to be delivered to the Mafter of the Horfe, and the 
Avenor to perufe the fame, and thereunto fett their hands ; yeilding the faid accompt monethly. 
10 the great Mafter of the Houfehold and other officers of the famej in manner aforefaid,. 



Ti 



2C8ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



T.H E INCREASE OF CHARGES IM THE HOUSEHOLD BV COMMANDMENT, SITHENCE THE 
RECEIVING OF IHE KiNC's BOO.KE OF THE ORDINARIE OF HIS MOST HONOURABLE 
HOUSEHOLD. 

t. .s. a. 

FIRST, The Queen's Breakfafl: p annum, by ediiuacioD, 70 o o 

ITEM, It was commanded by the Lord Great Mafler at Wertminller, in the 
Month of June 55 Hen. VIII, that the "Queen's maides (hould have dayly 
a chyne of beef lerved to them for their Breakfalh 

MEMORANDUM, That at Hampton Court, the 6fh day of November, 
Anno 34°, Hen. VIII, Sir Thomas Cheyney, Knight, Treafurer, gave com- 
mandmt-nt in the King's Majcllies name, that the Archbiihopp of Canterbury 
at all times being prefent in the Court, in the ablence of the Lord Great . 
, Mafler, the Duke of Norflblk, the Lord Chancellor, and other Lords, fliali 
be ferved with the Lords fervice, fitting in the Council Chamber, although 
there be none other Lords to accompany him. 

ITEM, The allowance of one meffe of meate ferved to the Captain of the 
fifty gentlemen at- fuch time as he fliall give warning, by the commandmenn 
of the Lord Great Mafler, at Greenvvitch, the 18th day of May, Anno 31^ 

ITEM, The charge of one mefle of meate ferved to Edmond Harmon, 
Phillip and the children, by the commandment of Mr. Comptroller, at Harap- 
lOQ Court, 20th day of June, Anno 21. « ^ ^ ^j. 

ITEM, the King's pleafure is declared by the mouth of Mr. Phillip Hobby, 
«nto the Lord Great Alafter, the 17th day of January in the 33d yeare of his 
reigne, at Weltminllti, that tl^f children that be in the keeping of Phillip and 
Edmond Harmon to be ferved vvich one meffe of meate, like unto the other 
niefle they had before. 

ITEM, the King's pleafure was declared by the mouth of the Lord Great 
Mafter, at Greenwitch, the 14th day of June, in the 36th yeare of his Grace's 
reigne, after the accompt of his houlehold, that James Hill and his fellows. 
Gentlemen Singers, Ihall have dayly from the kitchen, one meffe of groffe 
meate, and from all other Officers like Bouche of Court among them as the 
Phyfcions; and att every removeing, allowance of a Cart for the carriage of 
^their ftufF. 

ITEM, there was like commandment given by the faid Lord Great Mafter 
.the fame day abovefaid, that a Marquife and Earle and a Bifhop, being at- 
tendant 



IN THE REIGN OF KING HENRY VIII. 209 

t. s. &» 
tendant in the Court to have one meffe of Lords meat ferved into the 
Councell Chamber. 

ITEM, it is determined by the faid Lord Great Mafter and other officers 
of the Compting houfe, in the 36th yeare of his Majefties reigne, and the 
17th day of March, that the officers of the wood-yard and Amners (hall be 
enlarged to either of the offices one melTe of meate. 

ITEM, that Sir Thomas Cheyney, Knight, Treafurer of the King's moft 
honourable houfehold, gave his command at Hampton Court, the 19th day of 
January, Anno 34° Hen. 8v»-, that the Lord Great Chamberlaine ffiall be 
ferved with the Lords meate jn the councell chamber. 

ITEM, the Lord Great Mafter and other officers of the Compring houfe 
have determined at Durham place, 16" Augurt, Anno 32°, that there ihould be 
admitted three children of the fquillery above the King's ordinarie, and that 
ihey and the children of the Paftry ffiould have one meffe of meate increafed 
10 them. 

ITEM, the Lord Great Mafter and the other officers of the Greencloth have 
dctermyned, that there ffiall be one childe of the kitchen more on the King's 
fide then was firft appointed ; and that the children of the kitchen and torne- 
broches fhall have one meffe of meate augmented to them, granted the i6th of 
Augufl, anno 32, at Durham place. 

ITEM, one meffe of meate increafed, to be ferved to the Queen's maid 
fervants. 

Item, one meffe of meate ferved to the Chirurgeons befides their board- 
wages, by the King's commandment, declared to Mr. Treafurer at Hamp- 
ton Court, 2oth day of Aprill, Anno 31° Dom. Regis. 66 7 t) 

THE king's pleafure is, that upon the humble fuite of the officers of the 
Robes and Bedds of his fide and the Queen's, he hath granted to the Wardrober 
of the Robes of either of the fides, one able perfon to everie cf the office, foe 
that they be perfonages meet to do fervice there to his honour ; and likewife 
two perfons to the Wardrober of the beds of both the fides, to ferve as above. 

IT was determined by the Lord Great Mafter, and other of the Compting 
houfe, at Durham place, menfis Mali, Anno 35°, that one Yeoman ffiould be 
increafed in the office of the Squiilery, for the better ferving of the King. 

ITEM, it was determined by the faid Officers the fame day, at the Same 
place, that there Ihould be encreafed one Conduite in the office of the 
bake-houfe. 

E e ITEIM 



21CADDITI0NS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

ITEM, The Bouche of Court fcrved to the two Secretaries, over and above t. s. d". 
10 1. 16 s. 9 d. rated for Mr. Sadler p annum, 33 19 i 

ITEM, allowance to be ^iven to Mr. Chancellor of the Court of Augmen- 
larion for his Bouche of Court, by the King's commandment, declared at 
Windfor, the 24th day of July, Anno 32", by the mouth of Mr. Comptroller. 20 1 5 o J 

ITEM, the Bouch of Court to be ferved to the Bifhop of Weftminfter, 
being lodged within the Court, "was commanded by Mr. Comptroller at 
Hampton Court, the 25th of December, Anno 34° Rs. Henrici Odavi: 

ITEM, the Bouch of Court to be ferved to the Chancellor of the tenths, 
<vas commanded by the Lord Great Mafter at Hampton Court, the 14th day 
of December. 

ITFM, the King's pleafure was declared by the officers of the Compticg 
houfe, by Sir Thomas Garden, that Sir Peter Mewtas Ihould have his Bouch 
of Couit, &c. 

ITLM, the 27th day of January, Anno 35', Mr. Comptroller declared the 
King's pleafure that ihe Lady Kenyre fhould have Bouche of Court, being 
in the Court, according to a Knigh-'s wife. 

ITEM, Wednefday the 26th of March, it was appointed at Weftminfler 
by the officers of the Compting houfe, that the Amners Ihould have for their 
Bouche of Court, for after fupper, one chet loafe and half a gallon of ale ; 
and from the laft day of Odober unto the firll: of Aprill dayly, two fizes, one 
pound of white lights, two talfhides, two faggotts ; and from the laft day 
of March unto the laft day of October, the raoyety of the faid waxe, wood, 
and white lights. 



to' 



13 ^ 



ITEM, the Bouch of Court ferved for two Surgeons, everie of them at 
6t. 13 s. od. I by the yeare, p mandai' Drii 1 hefaurar', 21" die Mar'. 

ITEM, there was commandment given by the Lord Great Mafter and Mr. 
Comptroller, at Nonfuch, that Mr. Honnying and Mr. Maifon, being ckr'is of 
the councell, fhould have allowance of one curt betwixt them at everie of the 
King's removing. 

ITEM, the King's pleafure was declared by the mouth of Mr. Trcafurcr, 
that the Gentlemen hufhers of the Privy Chamber fhould be ferved of wocd 
from the woodyard, as anyone gentleman of the Privy chamber is ferved; 
that is, four tahhides four faggtts. 

ITEM, the increafeof boardwages of the Under Marfhall at 2<J p day, by 
the commandment of Mr. Treafurer and Mr. Comptroller, at Hampton Court, 
26th/ day of March, 31 Regis Henrici 8^-. 60 5 

4 ITEM, 



IN THE REIGN OF KING H E N R Y VIII. 211 

ITEM, allowance to be given to every Gentleman Officer for the time of t. s. S» 
his attendance in the Court, doeing his office and duty, haveing noe allowance 
of diett nor Bouch within the Court, to have for his allowance therefore 16 d. 
p diem. And to every Yeoman, Groome, and Page, for the time of his like 
attendance, 63. p diem, by the command of the Lord Great Mafter and Mr. 
Comptroller, at Windfor, the 13th of November; and to every childe 4d. 
p day. 



ITEM, allowance to be given for the boardwages of every gentleman being 
fick, 6 d". p day, and for every Yeoman, Groome, and Page, being ficke, 4d. 
p diem ; by command of the Lord Great Mafter and Mr. Comptroller, at 
Wyndfor, the 13th of November, Anno 32°. 

ITEM, allowance to be given for the boardwages of the Cofferer, beings 
attendant in the Court, and haveing no allowance of meate nor drinke, but 
being lodged without the Court gate, or being out of the Court by command- 
ment ; for every day 8 d. 

ITEM, the allowance of the faid Cofferer for his boardwages, being fick ;, 
for everie weeke 3 s. 4d» 

ITEM, the allowance of boardwages to be given to the Mafters of the' 
Houfehold, the Clerks of the Greencloth, and to the Clerke Comptroller, to 
every of them being lodged without the Court gate, and have noe meate or 
drinke, or being oiH of the Court by command; for everie day, 6 s. 8 d, 

ITEM, to every of them being fick, for every weeke los. 

ITEM, allowance to be given for the boardwages of the Clerks of the 
Spicery, and the Clerks of the kitchen, being lodged out of the Courr, &c» 
by the day, 3 s. 4d. > 

ITEM, to everie of them for their boardwages being fick, by the weeke. 

ITEM, if is agreed by the Lord Great Mafter, and other officers of the= 
Compting houfe, the day of March, in the 36rh yearc of the King's 

Majefties Raigne, that there be one chamber appointed for two Mdfters of 
the houfehold, whereof one to be of the King's fide, t'ae other to be of the 
C)ueen's fide*, and they to waite in the Court fix weekes ; and one other^ 
chamber to be appointed for one of the Clerks Comptrollers, and they to 
waite in the Court in the like manner, by the faid fpace ; foe that by this 
meanes the bookes may be dayly engroded by ten of the clock before nooae ; 
which doeing (hall be greatly to his Majefties proffitt. And the other two 
Matters of the Houfehold, one Clerke of the Greencloth, and one Clerke 
Comptroller, to be with their fervants and ftuff out of the Court by the faid 
fpace; whereby the King's houfe ihall be the leffe peflered, and the lodgings 
eafyer for the King's traine. And furthermore, the faid two Mafters of' 
bouiehokl, and one Cleike of the Greencloth, and or.e the Clerke ComptroU- 

E e 2 ier, 



luADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

ler, that dotji waite the fix vveckes in the Court, (hall not depart from thence after t. f. £f, 
the expirement of the faid time, before tliey prefent to my Lord Great Mafler, Mr. 
Treafurer and Comptroller, or to him whom they fhall appoint in their abfeuce, 
the whole of the expence of the faid fix weekes that they have waited in the 
Court ; and rhe other two Mafters of the houfehold, one Clerke of the Green- 
cloth, one Clerki; Comptroller, that fiiall be from the Court, to have board- 
wages for themfelves and their fervants, in the time of their being out of the 
Court, 6 s. 8d. p the diiy to everie four. And notwithflanding the faid 
boardwages, the King's Majefty fliall fave four mefifes dayly of the dierts and 
Bouche of Court, of the faid four perfons ; which will amount to the {lime of 
5361. IDS. 7d. yearly. 

ITEM, one Clerke of the kitchen, one Clerke of the fpicery, to attend in 
like manner, and the other of them to be at boardwages, and to have for the 
fame, everie of them 3s. /\.3. by the day ; foreheeding alwayes, that none of 
them depart the Court for that forefaid fpace, before the charges of the ex- 
pences of their faid offices be brought to the Maflers of the houfehold, or to 
fuch other as fhall be appointed for the fame. 

ITEM, that the King's Majeflies pleafure was declared the 28th day of 
Aprill, in the 36th yeare of his mod gracious Reigne, at St. James's, by ths 
mouth of the Lord Great Mafter and Mr. Comptroller, that the Gentlemen 
of the Chappell, Gofpeller, Epifteller, and Serjeant of the veftry, (hall have 
from the laft day of March forward, for their boardwages, every of them 
izd. p diem; and ,the Yeoman and Groomes of the Veftry everie of them 
6d. p diem; and twelve children of the chappell, everie of them 2s. by the 
weeke. 

ITEM, allowatace to be given to the breadbearer for his boardwages, 
33. p diem, over and above id. for his wages before of ordinarie allowed by 
the commandment of my Lord Great Mailer at Weftrainfter, the 13th day of 
March, Anno 32* Ilenrici 8^'-. 

ITEM, the boardwages of 18 myn drills, everie of them at 4d. p diem, 
at the commandment of the Lord Privy Scale, at Hampton Court, 29ih day ot 
March, Anno 30. 119 10 o 

ITEM, the boardwages of i"6 Trompetters •, every of them at 4d. p 
diem, by the King's command, by Mr. Treafurer, at Hampton Court, 42 6 8 



ITEfvI, the boardwages of foure children of the Lefh among them by the 
yeare, by the King's command, declared by Mr. Treafurer, at Hampton 
Court. 

ITEM, there was commandment given by the Lord Great Mafter, the 

15th day of June, at jrreenwitch, for the Harnpermen, that every of them 

fliould be encreafed 2d. by the day for their boardwages, over and above 6d. p 

diem that now they have. And alfoe the yeoman to have 6 d. by day for his 

7 boardwages. 



39 15 9 



IN THE REIGN OF K I N G H E N R Y Vlli. tij^ 

boardwages, now having but4d'. And for the common fervant now hav- t. 1. d. 
ing 20 d. by the vveeke, to have from henceforward 22 d. by the weeke. 

ITEM, the wages Increafed to the Captain of the Fifty Gentlemen 
66 L 1 3 s. 4 d. to the Lieut. 50 t. to the Standard bearer 66 1. 13 s. 4 S. to the ' • 

Gierke of the Check 40 t. and to the Harbinger of the faid Gentlemen 18 t. 
In all, by the command of the Lord Prevy Scale, at Hampton Court, 5° die, 
Aprilis, 31° Regis Henrici 8^'-. 241 6 S 

ITEM, the charges of the wages of three Gentlemen Pencioners en- 
creafed above the number of 50, every of them at 46!. 13 s. 4d. paid by the 
King's commandment, by the relacion of Sir Anthony Browne, 6" Julii. .._ q n 

ITEM, to Mr. Wellefborne, Gentleman' of the Privy Chamber, for 
his fee, by the command of the Lord Privy Scale, at Hampton Court. ^^ ^ « 

ITEM, the wages of the two Clerkes of the ClolTet, to be paid from the 
firft day of January, anno 31, forward, every of them 4d. | by the day, by 
the King's commandment, declared by the Lord Great Mafler, at Hampton 
Court, the 8th day of Augufl. 



ITEM, the increafe of the two Clerkes of the Greencloth, to every of them 
1 1 1. OS. od. i; and the increafe of the Cofferer's wages 50 1. in all, by the 
King's command, by the Lord Great Matter, 

ITEM, the charge of the wages of 8 Yeomen of the Guard increafed 
above the number of 24, which be the whole ordinarie by the King's booke ; 
every of them at 24 1. ^ annum, as it appeareth by the bookes figned for 
the Card's months wages. 



20 10 7| 



72 



136 o o 



ITEM, the wages of four Yeomen Ulhers of the King's chamber, every of 
them at 3 d. p day, to be paid to them yearly for the lafl: day of September, 
Anno 31°, forwards, during their lives, by virtue of the King's Warrant, dated 
at Windfor, the 3d ot OiStober, Anno 32°, amount to the fumme of o 

ITEM, allowance to be given to William Johnfon, Meffenger of the houfe- 
hold, for his yearly wages, by the command of the Lord Great Malkr, at 
Hampton Court, the 3d day of February. 



ITEM, allowance to be given to the Yeoman of the flore, for his wages 
by the day 6d. and for his riJeing wages p day 12 d. by the commandment 
of the Lord Great Mailer and Mr. Comptroller at Wyndfor, the 13th day of 
November.' 

ITEM, allowance to be given to fuch officers of the Squillery and Wood- 
yard as from time to time Ihall be commanded to make provifion appertaining 
to their offices, by fuch time as they (hall be about the faid provifion, afore 
the King's coming to fuch places as his Majeity fhall repaire to; every of 

ihem 



53 4 



214ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

them for their cxpences by the day lod. by command of the Lord Great t. *• <J» 
Mifter and Mr. Comptroller at Windfor, the 13th of November. 

ITEM, that the 2d day of November in the 35th yeare, the King*s 
pleafure was declared by the mouth of Mr. Herbert, that Walter Earlc 
(hould yearly have the wages of 10 1. in lieu of a Gentlemen Waytcr to the 
Queen's Grace. 



AN 



IN THE REIGN OF KING H E N RY VHI. at^ 



AN ORDER TAKEN BEFORE SiR JoHN GaGE, KnIGHT, CoMPTROLLISR OJF THE KlNo's 
MOST HONOURABLE HOUSEHOLD, AND OTHER OFFICERS OF THE GrEENECLOTH, 1 HR 

i8th DAY OF January, Anno 33" Hen. VIII. for washing and cleane keeping 
■OF the Napery which shall serve for the King's own £ table j as hereafter 

FOLLOWETH. 



FIRST, it is ordered that there fhall be delivered for -the King's HighnefTe, into the 
hands of Anne Harris the King's Laundreffe, in fine Diaper, in Dainafcue worke, four great 
pieces, 28 long Breaktaft-clothes, 28 {hort ones of 3 yards the peice, 28 Hand towells, 
and 12 dozen of Napkins to be by her wafht and fweet kept, and to be delivered weekly to 
the Serjeant or Yeoman of the King's Mouth of the Hury in manner following : 

That is to fay. 

The faid Anne fhall weekly wafh 7 long Breakfaft- clothes, 7 ftiort ones, 8 Towells, 
3 douzen of Napkins, and Peices as need (hall require ; and of the fame fliall dayly deliver 
as much to the faid Officers as Ihall be necelfary to ferve the King's Majefty withall ; and 
the faid refidue of the faid Diaper to remaine ftill in the hands of the faid Anne, to be kept 
fweet here, untill it fhall be occupied. Furthermore, the faid Anne fhall not faile dayly, 
upon deliverie of the faid cleane (luff, to take with her the flutf which was occupied the 
day before, to wafh again, difcreetly perufing and viewing the Huff how it hath been ufed 
and ordered; and in cafe fhe fliall finde and thinke it hath not been very well ordered or 
ufed, that then immediately (he fhall bring the fame to fbmc of the Officers of the Compting- 
houfe to fee the fame, that remedy may be tor the amendment thereof* 

• ITEM, the faid Anne fliall have 2 Standard Cheftes, delivered unto her for the keeping 
of the faid Diaper, the one to keep the cleane fluff, and th' other to keep the fluff that 
hath been occupied. 

ITEM, the faid Anne fhall provide as much fweet Powder, fweet Herbes, and other fweet 
things, as fliall be neceflary to be occupied for the fweet keeping of the faid ftuffj and fhc 
to be allowed in the Compting-houfe. 

ITEM, the faid Anne fliall be allowed, for her paines for wafliing and keeping of tlie 
faid fluff, yearly t.io, to be paid to her out of the Compting houfe quarterly, without any 
further charge, or allowances of Wood, Sope, or any other thing. 

ITEM, that whereas there was a bargaine and agreement made betwixt the Officers of 
the Compting-houfe, and Anne Harris Launderer, for the wafliing of the King's fluff, as 
appeareth in the booke, for 1. 10, by the yeare; and after that, at the fuite of the faid Anne 
Harris, the faid Officers granted her 6\. 13s* 4^. more; now upon further fuite made by 
the faid Anne Harris, the 22d day of March, Anno 35° Henrici 8^', Sir John Gage, Comp- 
troller, and Sir Edward Peckman, Cofferer, with diverfe other Officers of the Greencloth, 
have granted unto the faid Anne Harris, for the well ferving of the King, 6bs. 8d. more, 

foe 



216 ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

foe that the faid Anne Harris Ihall have, from the firfl of Aprill next following, the fume 
of 2oI. p annum, to be paid out of the Compting-houfe quarterly ; and 8 Ells of Canvas 
for Baggs, without any further charge or allowances of Wood, Sope, or any other thing. 

ITEM, it was agreed by Mr. Cofferer, Mr. Thyne, and others of the Greencloth, that 
the Cofferer's Gierke that rideth to pay Carriages Ihall have 8d. p day, at fuch time as 
he wayteth for the payment of Carriages [the Cofferer being abfent from the Courr, 
nor his chamber having none allowance], at Hampton-Court, the 28th day of Deceiaber, 
Anno 37° H. VIII. 

ITEM, it was declared that Sir Thomas Carden the 24th of November, ffiould 
have yearly paid to him for his wages 50!. as other Gentlemen of the Privy-chambej 
have« 



ARTICLES 



IN THE REIGN OF KING H E N R Y VIIL 21 



ARTICLES DEVISED for the Purveyor of Ale, and the Brewers, for the 

WELL SERVING OF THE KlNo's HiGHNESSE FOR HIS BeERE AND A.LE, ORDAINED AND 
ESTABLISHED BY SiR WiLLIAM PauLET, KnIGHT, TREASURER OF THE HOUSEHOLD, 

Sir John Russell, Knight, Comptroller of the same, Edmond Peckman, Esq^, 
CoFERER, Thomas Hatcliffe, and Edward Weldon, Clerkes of the Green- 
cloth, AND William Thynne, Clerke Comptroller im the Compting-house, 
AT the King's mannor of Hampton-Court, the 20th day of December in the 
3orh YEARE of our said Soveraigne's Reigne. 

FIRST, that one of the Purveyors of Ale and Bccre Joe dayly nrtend in the Court, to 
th'intent to fee the Houfe well furnifhed, and to redrcfs and helpe at fuch leakes as fliall be 
thought neceffary concerning their Office. And alfo that they may have the reraaines of 
Ale and Beere delivered unto them, if any fuch be, at all places from whence the King's 
Highneffe fhall remove ; whereby they may with fpeed convey the f^iid remaines to fuch places, 
as to them fliall be appointed. And alfoe that they make due entry thereof in their booke, 
to the end that at all times, when they fliall be called, they fliall be ready to declare the 
fame. 

ITEM, that the Purveyors doe agree within themfelves that one of them weekly doe 
give knowledge unto the Brewers, that fliall brew that weeke, how many Tonnes every of 
them fliall brew that weeke, and that he doe provide fufficient Cafks to the faid Brewers 
foe appointed. And the faid Brewers to have the faid Cafks in their honfes, twoe dayes before 
they Ihall ton their Ale ; and that the faid Purveyor foe appointed for his month goe to every 
of the faid Brewer's houfes to fee the Ale before it be fent to the Court. 

And in cafe he fliall not thinke it meete to be fent to the Court, then to leave the fame 
in the Brewers hands ; and if the Purveyor fliall enable the Beere or Ale to be fent to the 
Court, that then he put his marke or name upon the Cafl<.c, that tiie Brewer thereof may be 
knowne ; and alfoe that he fee the Pipes be of lawful! Cjage and well filled, or elfe to abate the 
lack thereof, whether it be in Gage or filling, foe that his good and diJigent fervice in this 
behalfe may appeare to all fnch as fliall have rule and guideing of the King's Houfehold. 
And this monthly to be ufed by one of the fa'd Purveyors-, for the firit time upon paine of 
loofeing one Month's Wages ; for the fecond time imprifonment in the Marfnalfey ; for the 
third time the loile of his Service. 

ITEM, that the Yeoman-Purveyor at eVery Month's end bring into the Compring-Houfe 
the provifion of CaJkes that he and his fellow have made the fame Month, and alfoe the 
remaine of the fame Moneth, wiih a declaiacion of the loffes of Caike if any fuch be in the 
fame Moneth. 

ITEM, that the Purveyors or one of them doe biing to the Bruers of rhc Office of 
the Buttry, the Taliyes of thc-ir monethiy |)rovifion wuhin three dayes pt th'ci.d of the 
Moneth, upon paine of loofmg of two Muneths wages, as oft as they fliall be faulty 
thereof. 

F f . ITEM. 



2iS ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

ITEM, that the Purveyors, or one of ihcm at Icaft, doe weekly tally with the Brewers, 
particularly how many tonne of Ca!ke is delivered to thera for the ferving of the King that 
weeke; and in cafe tliat any of the Breviers or their Servants doe fubveit, turne or fpoyle 
any of the faid Culks otherwife to ferve their owne purpofe, that then the Purveyors doe 
jircient tlifir nauics into the Compiing-houfc, foe that the Aftors may be immediately lent 
for, and difcharged of his or their brewing for the King's Highneffe. 

ITEM, that the Brewers doe bre.v good and feafonable fluff without Weevell or Ftfftines, 
and th.:t they put neither Hoppes nor Brimftone in their Ale in the pipes, foe that it may be 
found good, wholcfome and perfcft fluff, and worth the King's money, when it fliall be 
fpended in the Court. And in cale any of them fliail be found faulty in any or' thefe points, 
ihat tiien he or tiiey foe offcnJiug, forthwith to be difcharged from brewing for the King's 
IIi";hncli"c. 

ITEM, that wlien the Purveyors (hall have commandment given unto them to lay Provi- 
cion cf Beere, into any of the King's Houfcs or elfewhere, that one of them doe ride or goe 
with the faid Beere, and to fee the laying in of the fame, and the good ordering thereof for 
the better prefervaciori of the fame ; and alfo that they doe caufe the Locks to be fett oq 
every Dcore, where any of the King's faid Beer fhall be laid into, the Keeper of the 
j'lace to have the Key of one of the Locks to be delivered unto him, and the Purveyor to 
keepe the Key of th'other Lock, upon paine for defaulting the fame, for the firft time to 
looTe one Month's Wages, the fecond time to have punilhment in the iNlarflialfey one Month^ 
and for the third time to be dilcharged of his Roome. 

ITEM, allowance to be given to the Purveyors of wheate every of them for their Wages 
and Expences out of the Court, by the yeare, 131". 6s. 8d. by commandment of the Lord 
Great Mafler, Mr. Treafurer, aod Mr. Ccii->ptroUer, at Windfor, the 13th day of November, 
Anno 34° Hen. VIII. 

ITEM, allowance to be given to the Purveyors of Beef and Muttons rycing about the 
King's Proviuons, to be rated every of them at i2d. p diem, by the commandment 
of my Lord Great Mailer and Mr. Comptroller, at Wyndlor, the 13th of November. 

ITEM, allowance to be given by the alTent of Mr. Coferer, Mr. Edward Weldon, Mader 
of the houfehold, Robert Pageman and Anthony Bricks, Clerkes Comptrollers, at Greenwitch, 
the I2ih day of April, Anno 32° Henrici Vill. unto Thomas Playfooie, Yeomau-Pigtaker 
for every Neale, being fatt and good, as well great as fmall, that he fhall fend into the Larder 
one with another, ^s. peice ; and neither more nor lefTe. 

ITEM, i: was determined at Durham-Place, Fryday the 9th December, before the Lord 
Great M.ifter, Mr. Comptroller, and all other Officers of the Greencloth, that neither Gyles 
Harrifon, John Pope, nor Hugh Myners, ihould from that day forth be allowed for any 
emp:y pipes at the \ ear's end. 

ITEM, the Lord Great Mafler, Mr. Treafurer, Mr. Comptroller, with all other of the 
Compting-houfe, have determined, at Durham Place, the loth day of December, the 33d 
Yeare of the raigne of our Soveraign Lord King Henry \TII. that the Groome-Butchers, 
in th'Accatry, fhall have by the yeare everie of them iocs, for their wages in conhderacion 
that their Fees in the faid office is diminifhed, lot. 

ARTICLES 



IN THE REIGN OF KING H E N R Y VIII. ■ 219 



ARTICLES ORDAINED AT THE KlNc's PallACE OF WESTMINSTER, BY THE LoRD 

Great Master, Mr. TreA-surer, and Mr. Comptroller, and others, thk 13th 
DAY OF March in the 23d yeare of the Reigne of our Souveraigne Lord 
King Henry VIII. for to be observed by the King's Purveyor for his Mouth 
OF Poultry-stuff as hereafter ensueth. 



FIRST, it is ordeyned that the faid Purveyor Ihall have authority by the King's Coramlf- 
fion to make his provifion of Poultry within this realme. 

ITEM, that the faid Purveyor (hall depute noe fervant under him to be his ayde in his 
provicion, but fuch as ftiall ferve the King diligently and tiuely, and honefdy intreate the 
King's Subjects; nor that the Purveyor, nor his fervant, fliall not take from any Nobleman 
or Gentleman any manner of Poultry-ftuff, which {hall be prefented or providcjd to or for the 
proper ufe and expence of any of them, foe that the Carrier be knowne to be a lawful! 
Servant or Melfenger for his Lord or Mafter j upon paine of imprifonmcnc in the Marlhalfey 
for one Weeke. 

ITEM, the faid Purveyor fhall not, by virtue of his Commiffion, make any larger provicion 
of Pcultry-ftuff, but foe much as fliall ferve for the expence of the King's llighnelTc and his 
houfehold; and that neither he nor other perfon for him lliall make any faie of any manner 
of Puukry-ftulf, ndther vvichin his houfe, fliop, or elfewhere, at noe time, but fuch as he 
fhall be lycenced to doe by the head Officers of the King's houfehold ; upon like paine of im- 
prifonment in the Marihalfey for the fpace of one Month. 

ITEM, the faid Purveyor fhall furnifli dayly the propo-tion given unto him weekly, and 
that to be good, fweete, and feafonable ftufF; and ihall bnn^ dayly into the Office of the 
Poultry by five of the clock in the morning, the faid Huff; and in default thereof to loofe 
one Weeke's Wages. 

ITEM, it fliall be la^vfull to the faid Purveyor, or his faid fervants, in cafe that any 
Poulterers of London, or any other perfon, fliall prevent the faid Purveyor in his provicion 
for the King and his houfehold, to take from them fuch Pouhry-ftufF whicli they or any of 
them fliall foe take, as he or his faid fervants flrall thinke meete for the King's provicion ; 
paying unto them fuch prices therefore as the faid Purveyor or his fervants Ihoufd have paid 
tlierefcre at the wayes end, in cafe the faid Poulterers had not foe prevented them. • 

ITEM, in cafe the faid Purveyor (hall have his proportion to him delivered in a more 
ample manner then fliall be needfuU for the time for fervcing of the King and his houfehold, 
that then he (hall returne the faid overplus of the faid proporcion unto the Wardens of the 
Poulters of London, the King l}'ing witliin twenty myles of the fame. And the faid WaiVlens 
«o be bound in an obligacidn of 40!. to receive the faid Stuff, being leafonable, at fuch prices 
as the King Ihould have paid for it, in cafe it fhould have been expended within the Kinp's 
houfehold. 

F f 2 ITEM, 



220 ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

ITEM, it h agreed with the faid Purveyor to have for all the kindes of Poultry-ftiifr, 
being good and leafonable, fuch Prizes as be contained in a Bill of the particulars thereof 
by him made, hereafter cnftieing. And to have dayly 5s. for his cariagc, and lot. for his 
neceflliryes, at the Ycjre's end, without any otlier allowance, except his Liverie-Cote, and 
Wages of houfchold, heretofore accuftomably given. 

ITEM, th;it the Ytoman-Purvcyor for the King's Mouth, doe not faile, but that he within 
three dayes of th'expiicment of every Moneih bring in his Menfall, and his Bills of pi'ovicioa 
of the faid Month, to the Gierke of the Poultry, upon paine of loofeing one Month's Wages. 

And that the Gierke of the Poultry doe make the to the faid Yeoman of 

his monethly Provicion within the fpace of three days after the receipt of the faid Menfall 
and ijills, upon paine of the lolfe of one Monihes Wages. 

ITEM, it is determined by the Lord Great Mafler, Mr. Comptroller, and other Officers of 
the Gompting'houfe, Fryday the 27th day of March, in the 36th yeare of the King's Ma- 
jeflies Reigne, that William Gurley fhall be increafed and enlarged of his prices of Poultry and 
carriage, as foUoweth ; 

That is, in Capons of Grefs 2d, in good 2d ; in Egg« from Michaelmas till Eafler 4d. in a 
hundred, and likev/ife from Eafter till Michaelmas ; and 2s. dayly for his Carriage, in cafe 
he fulfill his proporcion, or clfc not. Provided allwaics, that thefe increafe of Prices and 
Carriage, doe noe longer continue then the dearth and fcarfcity of Gorne doth endure. 

And after that, his former Prices to take place. And that the faid Gurley doe prefent the 
Names of all his Servants that fhall ferve under him, into the Compting-houfe, from time to 
time, before that they ihall be charged or commanded to doe any fervice for the King's 
Majefty. And furthermore the faid Gurley, and all his Servants be ftraightly charged and 
commanded, that they fhall take noc Poultry-ware within feven myles of London, without the 
commandment of the Officers of the Conipting-houfe ; and that he Qiall take noe Poultry-fluff 
from noe Nobleman nor Gentleman's ServantSj that any ol' them Avail brii>g for th'expences 
of their Mailer's ho'affrhold. 



The ordinary Prices of all ktxdf.c of PouLTRy-sruFF to be served by the foresaid. 

William Gurley, as followeth. 



s. d. s. d. 

Swnnnes, the pi^ce, 6 o Peacocks and Peacliicks, 16 

?"T' 1 , • P r'^T' ]the peice, 14 

StoL-ke, > the piece, 4 8 Lgretts, J ^ ^ 

Buftc.rd, J Guiles, the peice, 16 

Capons of grefs, the piece, ■ 22 Mewes, the piece, 8 

Capons good, the peice, 14 Godwitts, the peice, 14 

Capons Kent, the peice, 8 Dottrells, the peice, 4 

Hennes of grefs large and fatt, the peice, 7 Quailes very fat, the peice, 4 

Houfe ELabbeits, the peice, 3 Cocks, the peice, 4 

Rabats 



IN THE REIGN OF KING H E N R Y VIIL zii 

s. ^. s. d. 

Rabats out of the Warren, the peice, 2| Plovers, the peice, 3 

Ronners, the piece, 2 Snytes, the peice, 2I 

Wynter Conies, the peice, 2^ Larks, the dozen, 6 
Herons, 1 

Shovelard, >the piece, 20 

Byttorne, J 

Teales, the peice, 2 

Mallards, the peice, 4 

Wigeons, the peice, 3 

Kyddes, the peice, 2 o 

Sparrows, the dozen, 4 

Pegions, the dozen, 10 

Large and fat Geefe from Eafter till Midfommer, the peice, y 

Gcefe of grefs from Lamas till 12th day, the peice, 8 

Eggs from Shrovetide, till Michaelmas, the hundred, 14 

Eggs from Michaelmas till Shrovetide, the hundred, 20 

Butter, fweer, the pound, 3" 

Carriage by the day, 5 o 

Neceffaries yearly, without any further allowance for moreings") * 
or other, to be given by peticion, , J 

NeverthelelTe, if any Stuffe provided and brought into the Larder by the aforefaid William 
Gurley, be not feafonable, good, and worth the King's money, according to the prices here- 
above written, that then the Clerkes-Comptrollers fhall, at their difcrecions, give fuch allow- 
ance for the fame as by their confcience they fhall thinke meet; this compoficion of prices 
notwithftanding. 



PRISES 



224 ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



PRISES LIMITTED BY TffE FORESAID LoR D GrE.AT MaSTER, AKD OTHERS, TO BE RE- 
CEIVED AND PAID BETWIXT WilLIAM GurLEY AFORESAID AND THE WARDENS OF THE 

Poultry of London, as well for such Poultry-stuff as the said William shall 
buy of any of the said fellowship of poultry for the furniture of his propor- 
cion, when need shall be, as alsoe for such poultry-stuff as the said william 
shall deliver unto the said wardens, when and as often as he shall have 
ANY Stuff remaineing in his hands, more thak shall be neediull for the fur- 
nishing of HIS SAID PnOPOKCION, AS FOLLOWETH. AnD THE SAME TO PERORME THEY, 

BY THIS Recognizance following, are bound from time to time soe to doe. 



MEMORAND', q'' die Lune tertio die menfis Aprilis, anno 33" Henrici 8% Thorn. 
Fiflier, Will. Mathew, Wm. Lytchiield, Gardian' Miflerii feu occupacionis vocat Pulterers 
Civitat. I.ondinenfis, venerunt coram Johann' Gage Milit' Contra-rotulatore Hofpitii Dni 
Regis, Thoms WeUlon, Gulielm' Th)nne, Jacob' Sutton et Anth' Bucks, apud VVeflm', 
et recognoverint cuilibet eorum debere Dno Regi decern Libras, folvend' in bona et legali 
moneta Anglie proximo futur' pofl datum prefenti ad opus et ufum difti Dni Regis Hen. 8^', 
fub condicone fequente. 

THEcondicion of this prefent Recognizance 's fucb, that if John Fifher, William Mathew, 
William Litchfield, Wardens of the Myftrey and Occupacion ofPoultcrs in London, doe from 
time to time take and receave of William Gurley, Purveyor of Poultry for our Soveraigne 
Lord the King, all fuch wilde foule and other Poultry-ftuff" as at any time (hall remainc in 
his hanJs over and above his proporcion, at fuch prices as they have agreed upon ; as ap- 
peareth by the Regifter figned with their hands immediately hereafter following, foe that 
the fame fluff be fweet when he raaketh delivery thereof; and that they and all other Poulterers 
of London, being freemen of their occupation, be alfoe at all times prefl and ready to affirt 
the forefaid Wm. Gurley to make his provifion for the better ferving of the King; That 
then this prefent Recognizance (hall be voyd, and otherwife it to (land iu full ftrength and 
virtue. 

s. d. 

4 o 

12 

doz' 16 

4 
16 
doz' 2 s. 4 

Fg^T? from Eafter till Pxlichaelmas, the Eggs from Michaelmas till Eafter, the 

hundred, 12 hundred, 18 

MEMORANDUM, that if the Purveyors doe not repaie unto every Poulter's Eggs for Eggs 
within one Moneih, that then the Pouker Ihall be paid at the Court for the fame Eggs, after 
the King's price. 

Fcffant 



Swannes 






I 


Capon of 


gre 


;fs 


I 


Cocks 






I 


Larkes, 






12 


Teales 






I 


Pigeons, 






doz' 


Runners, 






doz' 



s. d. 






5 


Cranes 




18 


Capon good 




3i 


Plovers 




5 


Snyres 




2 


Mallards 




8 


R,ibbi.-tts 


12 


22 


Wynter Conyes 


I 





IN 


THE 


REIGN 


OF 


KING 


HENRY 


FefTant 
Fatt Herons 
Fatt Quailes 




I 

I 

I doz' 


s. 

4 


d. 

8 

i8 
© 


Partridge 
Fart Guile; 
Brewezand 


I 

5 I doz' 
Fgrettz I 



it 223 

d. 

4 
12 

2 

ITEM, Allowance to be given by good view and furvey dayly of the Comptroller to the 
two Purveyors of Poultry ftuff", and the fame to be brought into the houfe to be rated at 
I2d. pday; and for everie Pannier-horfe 6d. p diem; by the commandment of the Lord 
Great Mafler, Mr. Treafurer, and Mr. Comptroller, at Windfor, 7" die Novembris, 
Anno 33^ 

MEMORANDUM, that it is agreed with Preflon for the ferving of the King and the 
Qucene fox the months of July, Auguft, September, and 0(ftober, to have for every of the 
faid Moneths, if the King be foe long in his progreilc, 40s. for his charges; by the com- 
mand of Mr. Comptroller at iiltham, the 21ft day of June, Anno 33°.. 

A like compofition made with Thomas Hewyt for Foule, according to the prices 
hereafter foliowina;. 



Capon of grefs 
Capon good 
Geefe of grefs 



Pegeons 



I 
I 
I 

I doz* 
I doz' 
1 doz' 
I doz' 
I doz' 



s. 


d. 




2 





GreatBirdsof Ncft 




16 


Plovers 




8 


Larks 




10 


Teales 1 


2 




Cocks ] 




4 


Snytes ] 


4 




Conyes 1 


2 




Curlews ] 


2 


4 


Fefant ] 




3 
4 


Byttorne, Heron,") 
or Shovelers J 



doz' 



doz' 



Chekins 
Sparrows 
Quailes 

Rabbet Ronners 
Kidds, apiece 
Pulletts, the peice 
Pairidge, the peice 

The faid Thomas Hewytt hath bound himfelfe by his deede obligatory to ferve s. 

the Court with Swannes and Cranes, price the peice 2 

Item, Buflards, price the peice 2 
Item, Curlews, price the peice 

Item, Green Plovers, price the doz' ~ 2 
Item, Gray Plovers, price the doz' 
Item, Lapwings, price the doz' 

Item, Teale, the doz' 2 
Item, Oxebirds, the doz' 

Item, Crocards and Cliffs, . 3 

Item, Winders, the doz' 2 

Item, Wild Duck and Mallard, 4 



d. 
8 

I 

2 
4 



2 

12 

8 

20 



d. 

4 



20 
18 

8 

4 
4- 



ITEM, the faid Llewyt (liall ferve the King in all kindes of Wlldefoule before written, 
in every degree according to the articles fpecifisd in the compofition of Sea Fifli. 



COVENANTS. 



224 ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 



COVENANTS concluded an'd made by the Officers of the Greencloth with 
Robert Parker and George Hill Yeomen Purveyors of Fkesh-water-Fish, both 
FOR the more honorable and alsoe more profitable serving of the King, his 

MOST EXCELLENT MaJESTY, IN HIS HOUSEHOLD OF ALL KINDES OF FrESH- WaTE'R-FiSH, 
IN MANNER FOLLOWING, VIZ. 



FIRST, It is deteiTnined by the Lord Great Mafler, Mr. Comptroller, and all the 
Officers of the Greencloth at Durham Place, Saturday the loth day of December, 34^ 
Hen. S'', ih?t neither the Purveyors of Frefti-waccr Fi(h fhall bring in any Fidi to the 
King's ufe, but he Ihall prefent with the fame a bill of all fuch prices as he doth pay unto 
the parties of whom his Fifh was bought, with alfo the names of the faid parties ; and 
that he prefent not one farthing above the fame his payment, upon paine of loofeing of 
his fervice, and further to be punifhed by the difcretion of the officers of the Corapting- 
houfe. 

ITEM, it is further agreed that the faid Purvej'ors of Frelh-water Fifh, fhall have for every 
Fifli-day that he or they fliall bring Fiffi into the Court, i2ct. pday for every horfe and 
mann; and for every carriage horfe 6 d. p the day. 

ITEM, it is further agreed that the faid Purveyors, for the Flefli-dayes and fuch other 
dayes that they doe not wayte, to have for every man and horfe that they mull of ncceffity 
keepe for the well ferving of the King, 6d. p diem. 

ITEM, to be given to the Yeoman-Purveyors of Frefh'Water Fifti for Fryday and s. d. 
Satterday, for every of thofe da}'es 9 s. p day, that is p Septiman' 18 

If there be three Fifh dayes in the weeke they are to have 6 s. S d. that is p weeke 20 
If the whole weeke be Fafting-dayes they are to have 4 s* p day, that is p weeke 28 

ITEM, the faid Robert and George doe covenante and agree to and with the aforefaid 
Hedd-Officers, that neither of them, their fervants, faftors, or affignes, by their advice 
and procurement, fliall at every time make larger provifion of FreOi-Water Fifh, by virtue of 
the King's Commiffion, or by any coloured meanes, than (hall ferve for the Expcnces of the 
King's moO: honourable Houfchold, to the intent, to fell or convert the fame, or any part 
thereof, to their owne ufe, lucre, or advantage -, upon paine of lofle of their roomes, con- 
fifcation of their goods, and perpetuall imprifonment of their bodies, if due proofe be made 
asainft them of the fame. 

ITEM, whereas the faid Robert Parker and George Hill have made great labour and 

inftant fuite to have Thomas Breaker difcharged of the provifion of Pikes, and having taken 

upon ihem the well ferving and furnilhing the expences of the King's mofl honourable 

Houiejiold of the fame ; they have alfoe covenanted and agreed to make carriage of the ame 

3 Pikes, 



IN THE REIGN OF KING HENRY VIII. 225 

Pikes, being by them provided, unto the Court, and there to deliver them quick into the 
King's Privy Larder at their own proper colts and charges, as long as the King fojourneth 
or lyeth within twenty myles of London, then they ro have allowance for carriage of them by 
comptrollment. 

ITEM, the faid Robert and George have covenanted and agreed to and with the faid Hed*- 
officers, that they lliall neither fend nor bring into the Court, there to be fpent to the 
King's ufe, any Pike of lefs fcantling than eighteen inches long; and being 18, 20 or 21 
inches long, both quick and well fed, they to have for the fame Pike 14 d. 

ITEM, they neither fliall fend nor bring into the Court ut fupra, any frelb- water Breame of 
leffe fcantling than 6 inches long; and being 16, 17 or 18 inches, they to have for the fame 
2 s. 6d. if any be exceeding the fame length, to have therefore by the difcretion of the 
comptrollment of 14 to 20 at 12 d. Carps of 16 to 18 at 4s. and upward at the difcretion, 
ut fupra. Perches of 9 and 12, 3d. Elcs weighing 3 tb. lod. Troutes of 14 inches to .17, 
8 d. Chevins of 16 and upward i6d. Great Flounders and Rotches of 10 inches, 8 s. the 
lood ; Small Flounders and Roches at 7 inches, 2 s. rood; the panier of Crabs and Lob- 
fters ICO lb. 8 s. Frefli Salmon, Calver, and other, at the difcretion of the comptrollment. 

ITEM, it IS determined by the Lord Great Mafler, and all other Officers of the Compt- 
ing houfe have determined, at Durham-place, the loth day of December, in the 33d yeare 
Hti. 8^'- ; that John Hopkins the Purveyor of See-Fiib, (hall not henceforth have any fur- 
ther allowance for his expence goeing about the provilion of See-Fidi, but onciy 40 1. granted 
to him for his Fee for the fame. 

ITEM, that Hopkins the Yeoman-See- Fiflier hath, from the lafl: day of September, 
Anno 33'' forth, no manner of allowance of prices of Fi(h, already (Iricken in the Kicchen- 
Roll, unleffe he declare unto the Clerkes-Comptrollers a reafonable caufe why he fhould 
have further allowance; and that to be .done within fix dayes after the ftriking of the faid 
prices. 



G g A COM 



226ADDITIONS TO THE QRDtr^.ANCES xMADK AT ELTMAM 



ACOMPOSITION tAADE BETWIXT Sir Edmond Peckham, Knmg;it, Officer of 
THE Ki>g's Most honourable Household, Wm. Thynne, and other Officers of 

THE GrEENCLOTH, ON THE BEHALFE OF OUR SOUVERAIGNE LOi^D THE KiN'G, AND ONE 

Thomas Hhwyt of Hythf. in Kent, for the better serving his Majestie, and 
JUS Household, of Sea-Fish to ce by him provided and made in the places iiERfi- 
after expressed, that is Lydd, Hythe, Folkston, r.OxMNEY, and soe to the 
chamber point, at convlnient prices, viz. 



FIRST, the faid Thomas Hewytt hath bound himfelfe unto the King's Majefly, to s. cf, 
ferve his Court ol one Seaine of Herrings for 9 

ITEM, One Seame of Hooke-fi(h, that is, Conger, Codd, Whyting, and Thorn- 
back, for 10 

MEMORANDUM that if the faid Seame be all Whyting, or all Thornback, or 
Whyting or Thornback mingled, then the price of the fame fhall be 6 

ITEM, one Seame of Place for 10 

ITEM, one Seame of Turbotts, Mullet, and Bafe, 13 

HEM, Hallybuts the peice, 2 

ITEM, One Seame of Pilchards for 6 

ITEM, Doreys the peice 13 

ITEM, Purpas, not being above one horfe load, 13 4 

]MEMORANDUM, if the Purpos be more than one horfeload, then the faid Hewett to 
be allowed by the difcretion of the Clerkes-Comptrollers diligently viewing the fame. 

ITEM, the faid Hewett fhall ferve the King's Highneffe in all places where his Majefty 
fnall fojourne and abide, within the (hire of Kent, London and Wcflminiter, at his proper 
cofls and chai-ges, for carriage of the faid FiQi. 

ITEM, the faid Flewet fhall from time to time take againe his FiOi at the aforefaid 
prices, it in cafe there be more at Court than can be fpenr, foe that the faid Filh be deli- 
YCfcd unto him in convenient time. ■ 

ITEM, 



IN THE REIGN OF KING HENRY Vlll. 227 

ITEM, if the faid Thomas Flewett fliall at any thme make further carriage of his Fifli 
than to the places before limirtted and expreffed, then the faid Thomas to be allowed for his 
horfe and his man, izd. p day; and for every of his cariage horfes, 8 d. by ihe day. 

ITEM, the faid Thomas fhall from time to time fend to the Court by the carrier of the 
Fiih, the polls and kindes of the faid FiQi, and alfoe the prices of the fame in writing. 



THESE Articles following are decreed by the Lord Great Master, Mr. Trea- 
surer, Ma. Comptroller, and the Officers of the Compting-house, at Green- 
witch, THE 3i> day of January, Anno 33° HEN. VIII. 



FIRST, that the Colliers of every quarter be fent for and communed with, for to fcrvc 
•coales by full meafure, that is, 8 buftiells to every quarter ; and to give them fuch price for 
the fame quarter as they can be agreed with for the fame. 

ITEM, that Bafketts be made for the King's Chamber, 3 cont' the quarter, and thefe 
Baflcetts to be mett and marked by the comptroulemenr, and allowance to be given unto 
the Serjeant according to the fame. 

ITEM, that the Pye of Coales be abridged to the one halfe that theretofore had been 
ferved. 

ITEM, it is ordeyned by the Lord Great Mafter, and other Officers of the Greencloth, 
the 26th day of March, Anno 31° Henrici 8^', that there be noe Livery-Coales ferved 10. 
floe Chamber, but only the King's, the Queen's, and my Lady Marie's. 



Grr 2 ORDINANCES 



228 ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES M ADE A T E LTH AM 



ORDINANCES AProiNTED for all Officrrs of Household, upom the maketng 

AN EsTABr ISHMENT OF THE NEW BooKE Of HoLTStHJLD, MADE BY THE KiNG's MaJESTY 
IN THE 31(1 YE ARE OF HIS MOSI GkACIOI'S UeIG^E. 

The CoMP TING-HCI'SE. 

FIRST, That the Lord Great i\Iar-er, the Treafurer and Comptroller of the King'<; 
Hourehoid, or one of them at the leail (other greut caufes of Counceil not letting) (hall be 
dayly in the Compting-houfe between the hours of 8 and 9 in the morning, calling unto 
them the Cofkrcr, Gierke of the Greencioth, and one of the Clerkes-Compcrollers at the 
jeaff, the other being occupied in the King's Service otherwife •, and to fitt and to have 
brought before them all the Bookes of briefments of all the Officers of the Houfehold for 
the day before palled; and in cafe they ihall finci any waftfull expences to have been made by 
any Miniftcr in his Office, that then he, by whom fuch wall hath been made, to be called 
before the faid Officers, to make anfwer to the fame ; and as he or they fhall be thought cul- 
pahle, foe to be puniflied therefore, as fliali be thought necelTary or meete by the faid 
(- fficers. 



The CcfTerer fhall dayly fit at the Greencioth with the Officers there, at the ingrofiing of 
.the Bookes, to iucroate the caufes of the Houfe at all times as ftiall be requifite. 

ITEM, the faid Cofferer {hall weekly take out the proportion of the Clerkes-Acomptanrs 

for the provifion to be made in every Office, for the weeke to come, or for longer time as 

Uhe cafe (hall require ; and thereupon he to call before hira the Purveyors of every Office, 

deliverin.cr unto them the faid proportions, and to fee that ihcy be intirdy and wholly ferved, 

and that the fame be good, and of the bed fluff for the King's honour. 

ITEM, the faid Cofferer (hall give preff m.oney beforehand to every of the faid Pur- 
veyors, to whom it fiiall appertaine for the makeing of the aforefaid Provifions, charging and 
caufmgthe Purveyors at every Islonth's end, or within five dayes at the moft after the expire- 
mcnt of every Month, to make entry with the Clerkes of their Office of all fuch Provi- 
ilons as they have m.ade within the fame Moneth, for the expence of the faid Houfehold ; 
and the faid Purveyors defaulting that to doe, they to be punilhed therefore as they Qiall 
dcferve. 

ITEIM. the faid Coferer fnall make due payments to all the King's Servants for their 
"Wages, Fees, and Board-wages, when it fhall grow due unto them, without delay; and 
alfoe to all the King's Subjects upon fuch Dcbenters as they fhall bring unto him for 
the I'rovifions that hath bin made by them for the expence of the King's faid honourable 
Houfehold. 

ITEM, the faid Cofferer fhall yearly within one Moneth after the expirement of every 

ye.re, make ^Jittt in his Booke called the Journal!, for eutring any Debentures or other 

2 Payments 



IN THE REIGNOF K{NG HENRY VIII. 229 

Payments into the fame ; and the faid Jonrnall, with the two other Bookes, to lye 
upon the Greencloih dayly, ta the intent the Accomptants, and other particuhir Clerkes, 
may take out the iokitions entred into the ia'ul Bookes, whereby they may ftrike their 
Lydgers, and foe to bring in their Acccmpts incontincnil)' up(>n the fame, "i'he C^lerkcs of 
the Greencloth, and Clerkes-Comptrollers, in the abfeuce of the great officers, flj?dl be dayly 
in the Compting-houfe, and to fitt at the Greencloth between the houres of eight and nine 
in the Morning; and to caufe to be brought before them the Bookes and Breifments of 
all OiUceri of Houfehold, for the expences of the faid Houichold for the day before 
paffed ; and to pcrufe the fame fubftantially, in confidering whether any vvallfull expences 
have been made in any of the fiid Otrices, or not ; and in cafe any fuch waft fhall be 
found to liave been madr, that then they doe call before them the Officers who had the mi- 
niftration of the faid Oflice where fuch waft hath been inade, to anfvvel- unto the fame; and 
to punifli them for their olfence done therein, as by their difcretion fhall be thought fitt. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes of the Greencloth and Clerkes-Comptrollers, or two of them at 
the leaft, that is to fay one Gierke of the Greencloih, and one Clerke-Comprroller, fliall 
be dayly in the Larder, as well to view and fee that the Vicfualls be good, fweer, and meete to. 
ferve the King's Highneffe and the Qiieeu's Grace wirhall, as alfoe to fee the delivcrie of the 
fame into the Cooke's hands, for the lerving of the King's Grace, the Queen's, and Houfehold. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes of the Greencloth, and Clerkes-Comptrollers, and Clerke of- the- 
Kitchen, fhall as well give great ciiarge dayly to the Cookes for the well dreffing of the 
King's Meate, and the Qucene's; and alfo to lee the faid Meate fett out at the Drefier d'ayly, 
at every Meale, like as it was put into the Cooke's hands;, and to attend and follow the 
fame at every Meale, and at every Courfe. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes of the Greencloth and Clerkes-Comptrollers, (Iiall fee that all 
the diforders of the Houfehold fhall be reformed as much as they conveniently may, in pu- 
nifhing the offenders thereof according to their merretts, 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes of the Greencloth and Clerkes-Comptrollers, fliall weekly, once 
or twice in the weeke^ view all the Offices and Chambers of the Houfehold, to fee if there 
be. any Strangers eating in the faid Office^ or Chambers at the Meale times, or at any other 
titiie, contrary to the King'& Ordinance ; and in cafe they fliall finde any offending 
therein, ta make relation thereof to the Souveraignes of the Houfe. And that the Cham- 
berlaines of the King's fide and of the Qneene's, fliall caufe like fearch to be made within; 
all the Chambers belonging to every of their fides ; and if they iliall finde any diforders 
therein, then they to lee the fame reformed, as it (hall require. 

The Clerke of the Greencloth fhall fitt dayly in the Compting-houfe at the Greencloth^ 
there to ingrolTe and caft up all the particular Breifments of the Houfe afier they fhall be 
comptroUed, and the fame, foe caft up, to enter in the Parchment docqueic called the Maine 
Uocquet ; and the fame Docquet, fo entred and engrolled, to remaine in the Comptlng-- 
houle for record, without taking it away from thence by any officers. 

■ ITEM, that they doe monthly, within fix dayes after the e?:p:reraent of every Monetl^^^. 
call into the Compung- houfe the parcells indented of all the particular, provifions, made 



2;oADI)ITIOMS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTII AM 



-:> 



ill every Office of th*! I^oufeliold, for the expence of the faid Houfehold for the month paffed ; 
r.nd ;ifter they have been ptrufed and feene by the Cleike-Comptroller, then they to engrofl'e 
ihcm up, aud to enter thern into their Ledger, called the Booke of Foote of Parcells. 

ITEM, that they fhall yearly make the ColTerer's booke of Accompt for the expence of 
the Yearcs paded, foe the fame may be made perfect to be put into the Exchequer j^early, 
witliin the lerme of St. Hillary, upon paine to lofe one Quarter's Wages, defaulting the 
fatiie. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes of the Greencloth fhall fafely keep all their Bookes concerning 
their Offict-, after they have ingrolTed them up, privately to themfelves, without the view 
or fight of them to any other Officer unio the yeare's end. And the faid Booke fhall be 
txammed with the Acconiptanis and [)ar;icular Clerkes for the perfefting of the fame. And 
iikewife (liall tlie Clerks Comptrollers and Clerkes Accomptants older all their Bookes 
touching il^ir Offices. 

ITEM, that they (hall make every halfe yeare a view of the expence of the Eloufehold, 
that it may be feen what the Charge thereof amotmteth to for the faid half yeare. . . 

THE Clerkes Comptrolers, or one of them, floall dayly, as well view the King's 
Chamber and the Queen's, as all the Offices* of the Houfehold, to advife and fee the ab- 
fence or attendance of all them which be appointed under check of Houfehold, and not onely 
to default and check the Wages of all fuch as he ffiall finde to be abfcnt without lycence, 
but alfo to default and check the Wages of all them which be in the Houfe, who by the 
King's order fliould fitt at Dinner and Souper within the King's Chamber, and the Queen's, 
and doe not, but be abient from thence without lycence, foe to be eating in places contrary 
to the "King's Ordinances, and againft his honour. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes-Comptrollcrs, in foe perufeing the houfe dayly, ffiall note well in 
evcrie Office, if that there be any more number of Servants in any of the faid Offices then 
is appointed to be by the King's Ordinances, or elfe any Strangers or Vagabonds within 
the fame; and in cafe he ffiall finde any fuch, that then he for the firfl time ffiall admoniffi 
and warne the Serjeant, or in his abfence the Hedd of the fame Office, who (hall give at- 
tendance where fuch ffiall be found, that they be avoyded and no more thither to refort ; 
and being after of new there found againe after fuch warning given, that then everie of the 
faid Servants or Hedd of the Office to be checked of two dayes wages, for every time being 
foe found culpable, 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes-Comptrollcrs ffiall make for every Quarter in the Yeare. a Roule 
of Parchment that ffiall be called the Check-l\oll, which ffiall containe the names of all 
them wliich ffiall be of the Ordinarie, and within the Check of the Houfehold ; and dayly to 
prefent in the fame Roule the rllowance of the Wages of all them wliich ffiall be attend- 
ant, and the defaulkation and check of Wages of all them which ffiall be abfent. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes-Comptrollers, or one of them at the leaft, ffiall be at the Green- 
Cloih 'with other Officers, as is before mentioned ; and one of them dayly to fee the 
ke/iil and coineing in of all Provifions in every Office of the Houfehold ; difcreetly advifeing 

that 



IN THE REIGN OF KING HENRY ViF. 23T 

tliat the faid Provifions be good flafF, and mecre to be fpcnt \Tithin the Houfc for the 
King's honour, or elfe 10 rejecl and rciurne it back againe un'othe Purveyors, and to make 
relation thereof at the Greencloih of the badnefl'-- of the llnfF; to t!ie intent ihit the Pur- 
veyors which brought in the fame may be puniOied as they (liall deferve in that liehalfe, 
foe difappointing the Houfe. And th:it the faid Clerkes- Comptrollers, upon the view and 
fight of the comeing in of the faid premifes being good (luff, fliall make Entry and Record of 
the fame into the Booke of Records, and to bring It to tlie Greencloth, and there to allow 
as much of the fame as Ihall be brought in and fpent ; and if any more fha!l be prefented in 
any Breifments, then by his Record fliull appeare to have been fpent ; then he to controule 
the fame, giveing noe larger allowance than there ought to be. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes -Comptrollers (hall dayly take the Infract Extra of the VVaxe 
in the Office of the Chaundry, to try the expcnce of the fame, and to give allowance ac- 
cordinjy; and at fuch times as the Remaines fliall be in the Offices of the Pantry, Cellar, 
and Buttry, by the Clerke of the Kitchen, that then the Clerkes Comptrollers to goe with 
him to take the faid Remair>es to be advouched with him, what the exptnce fliall rife to. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes-Comptrollers fhall fitt at the Greencloth, as well ro paffe the 
price of Poultry-ftufT, Frefli water Fiili, and other Viflualls fpent; as alfoe giveing allow- 
ance of all the Polls in the Pantry-Roule, Kitchen- Roule, Poultry-Bills, Spicery-Docquets, 
and other particular Breifments of the Houfehold, and alfoe the particuhr parcells of all the 
Houfehold, takeing the aJvice of the other Officers fitting in the Greencloth, in cafes 
where need fliall require, 

ITEM, one of the Clerkes-Comptrollers fliall dayly fee the Fees which the Officers of 
the Iloufe fhall have, or that they Ihall take out of the Houfe, to view whether they be 
more largely taken than they ought to be, or not -, and if he fliall fo iinde ir, to puniffi the 
offenders thereof. And if any Officer prefume to take any Fee away before they have 
been viewed by one of the Clerkes Comptrollers, that then they that foe fliall doc, flioll 
loofe the Fee [oq taken for ever after. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes-Comptrollers, by the advice of the Officers of the Greencloth, 
fiiall paffe all the Bills of allowance, as v;ell for Wages and Board wages, as other Provifions 
and NeceflTaries; and all fuch Bills by them foe paffed to enter into their Handing Ledger, 
there to remaine as matter of Record. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes-Comptrollers fliall yearly make the Booke of Comptrolkmenr,. 
with the Comptrollers of the Houfehold, which. fliall be put yearly into the Exchequer, to- 
be advoucht to the Cofferer's accompr. 

THE Yeoman a^id Groorae cf the Compting-houfe fliall give their diligent attendance 
dayly in their Office, and to be ready there to doe all fuch things a^ they fliall be commanded 
to by every of the Officers of the Greencloth-, and to prepare the Greencloth- ready in the 
Compting-houfe by Eight of the Clock in the Morning; and that they may be ready agalnft 
the Officers fliall come thither to paffe and ingroffe them up. 

ITEM, that they doe looke furely to the fafe keeping of the Bookcs and Records of ths 
liQufe, delivered into theic cuilody •, not permitting nor fuffcring any of the Officers to 

carry 



2 2 ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT E L T II A M 

carry away, or take out of the faid Office, any of the Bookes of Record without a greit fpeciall 
caufe; and that to be done by the confent of three or two of the Officers of the Greencloth 
at the leaft, who fhall lee the faid Bookes furely delivered to their hands againe. 

The Bake-house. 

■ THE Serjeant and Gierke of the Bake-houfe, or one of them at the leaft, fhall at all 
times fee the provifion of all Wheate which is brought into th^^ Garners by the Purveyors, 
that the fluff be fweec and good, and meete to be fpent in the King's Houfe, for his honour 
and proffict ; or elfe to recurne it back againe unto the Purveyors, by the view and overUght 
of the Clerkes-ComptroUers, who fliall fee the weight and goodnelfe of the fame, and to be 
recorded by the hand of him that fhail be at the receiving of the fame, and foe prefented 
into the Compting-houfc ; and thereupon to give flreight charge to the Garnitor, that 
he doe looke fubftantially to the keeping thereof, that it be not impaired for lack of turn* 
ing, or other his default ; and that he doe not* change or put aw;iy any of the faid 
VVheate, but deliver the fame to the Miller by weight, like as it was delivered to him. 

ITEM, that the Serjeant or Gierke fhall be at the receiveing of Meale bronght into his 
Office by the Miller, looking fubftantially in the receiveing of the fame, that it be not al- 
tered nor changed by the Miller, bat that it be good and fweet Ihiff; and that the Miller 
doe deliver his full weighr, like as he did receive it. 

ITEM, that the faid Serjeant doe fee that the Bakers doe bulte the Branne cleane, that 
there be found noe wad therein ; and that the Furnour doe feafon the Bread well, not drown- 
ing it with too much water, weighing the fame into the Oven, that every Loafe may weigh 
and keepe its full weighr, after it is baked as it ought to bee; and that the Bread be not 
raihly handled in drawing it out of the Oven, nor in putting it into the Storehoufe for 
fear of breaking of tVe Bread, whereby there {hall come waft. 

ITEM, that he look that noe Officer be waftfuU in giving of the King's Bread away ; and 
in finding any fuch, to complaine upon him in the Compting-houfe, that he who Ihall foe 
offend may be puailhcd for the fame. 

The Pantry. 

THE Serjeant of the I'antry fliall caufe the Yeoman or Groome Breever of his Office to 
be dayly at the receipt of the Bread from the Serjeant of the Bakehoufe, furely looking that 
the i'aid Bread be fweec and good, and meet to be fpent in the King's Houfe for his honour; 
(iayly tallying with the Serjeant of the Bakehoufe for the number of Bread that he doth 
receive ot Jiim. 

ITEM, the faid Serjeant, or in his abfence the Gentleman or Ycoraan of the Office, fhall 
dayly looke to the Chip()ing of Bread, that it may not be taken away too neere, otherwifc 
than it ought to be; as he or tliey will anfvver thereunto, and avoyd punilhraent upon tault 
found therefore. 

1 TEM, 



IN THE REIGNOF KING HENRY VIII, 233 

ITEM, that lie doe fee that the Officers under him in his OITice I)c dayly attendant as 
they ought to be, and that they be of good rule and governance, and that they make noe 
waftful) expence in their Office ; and if he fliall finde any of them offending therein, to com- 
plaine of them in the Compting-houfe, to the Officers litting at the Greencloth there, that 
they may be puni(hed according to their mirretts. 

ITEM, that he, or in his abfence the Gentleman or Yeoman, doe fee that the Office he 
kept cleane from vagabonds, that there be no refort of ftrangers into the Oiilcc at Mcale- 
times ; and that noe Yeoman, Groome, nor Page doe keepe any Servants within the Olice, 
upon paine of warning given unto them, for the firft time to ioofe one dayes Wages, and 
at every time after being foe found, to be checkt of three dayes Wages ; and that noe feivice 
be done within the faid Office by any fubftitute, but cnely by Officers of the Office; Chip' 
pers of bread only excepted. 

ITEM, that the faid Serjeant, or in his abfence the Gentleman or Yeoman, (hall fee that 
incontinently after the King's Grace and the Queen's be ferved for All-night, that the 
Officers doe depart out of the Office incontinently ; and to ftiut up the Doores, that noe Bread 
be delivered after to any perfon for that Night. 

The Cellar. 

The Serjeant of the Cellar, or in his abfence the Gentleman or Yeoman, (hall fee that 
the Officers in the Office which he hath charge of, that is to l^\y, the Cellar, Buttry, and 
Pitcher-houfe, that they doe give their attendance as they ought to doe, and keepe good 
Order and Rule in their Office, and to fee the Office kept cleane, and the other ordinances 
kept, like as it is mentioned in the Pantry-Office ; upon like paines as is there declared. 

ITEM, the faid Serjeant, or in his abfence the Officers aforefald, fliaU fee that the Wyne, 
Beere, and Ale, brought into the Office, be good and meet drinke to be fpent in the 
King's Houfe to his honour ; or elfe to make report thereof to the Clerkes Comptrollers, that 
they may view it, and foe dam it, not fuffering it to be fpcnt ; in punilhing the Purveyors, 
for fending in fuch provifion. 

ITEM, that he or they doe fee that the Purveyors of Wyne and Ale doe attend upon the 
fame when it fliall be carried, and to be at the laying in of the fame at all places, and to 
order it foe that it may be for the preferving and keeping of the fame, to the bed ; and the 
faid purveyors of ale to fee that all the Veflels provided by them for the Houfehold, be of fulj 
gage, and filled full to the breames. And alfoe that they doe tafte the fame at the Brewhoufe 
or it be carried from thence, to the intent that they ihall fend no drinke into the King's 
Houfe, but that which (hall be perfedt good. 

ITEM, that the Purveyors of Wyne be at every Houfe at the Kinge''s removeing, to fill 
up all the VelTells of Wyne which have been pierced and partly drunke of, and to fee 
the vents fairly flopped, that through default thereof the Wyne doe not take hurt, nor be 
impaired. 

ITEM, One of the Purveyors of Ale Ihall be dayly attending at the Court, to fee the be- 

H h Aowing 



234ADD\TIGNS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

flowing and laying in of Beere and Ale, from time to time, as it ihall be brought in thither ; 
and that they do reiurne the empty cafks from time to time, as they may have carriage for 
the fame, at all places where it ought foe to be done. 

ITEM, that the faid Purveyors of Ale and Wyne doe canfe two Locks to be fet on 
every doore of the Cellar and the Buttrie, in all places where they fiiall bring in any Provifion; 
and the Key of one of the Locks to be left with the Keeper of the place, and the other 
Key to be delivered into the Compting-boufe. 

ITEM, that he doe fee that the Yeoman and Groome-Receiver doe make fure entry of 
the Vcnit and comeing in of all the Wines, Ale, and Bcere ; and likewife of the iffue- 
ing and giveing out of the fame ; and that they doe make noe waftfull expence in the 
Office. 

ITEM, that he doe caufe the Groome-Grobber to looke dayly to drawing out the Lees of 
the Wyne fpent: and that noe Hoggefheads be meddled with by the Trayhor, untill that 
-the faid Groome-Grobber hath perufed the fame, and alfo one of the Clerkes-ComptrollerSa 
whether it be drawne out as much as it ought to be or nor,, and fee-able. 

The Spicery. 

THE Gierke of the Spicery fhall fee the order of the Officers in the Offices which he 
bath charge of, that is to fay, the Spicery, Chaundry, Confedlionary, the Ewry, Wafry, 
and Laundry, to be of good rule and ordinance, and to give their attendance as rhey ought 
to doe, and to keepe their Offices cleane, and to obferve the other ordinances as is beforc- 
faid, upon like paines as is before mentioned.. 

ITEM, he with one of the Clerkes-Comptrollers fhall looke fubflantially to the comeing 
in of the Spices, that the fame be good and of the bell fluff; or elfe to refufe.it, and retorne 
it to the Grower againe. 

ITEM, that they fhall looke furely ta the coming in of all the other Provifions of his 
Office, as Waxe, Napery, and Lynr.en-Cloth, Fruite, Whire-lighrs, and to make fure 
entry of them, and dayly to fee the Infra and Extra of- Wax in the Office of the Chaundry,, 
for the tryall of the expence of the famej and alfo that he doe dayly make the Breifments 
or Docquets of the expence of his Office, for the day palled, to be brought into the Compt- 
ing houfe by E'ght of the Clock. 

ITEM, that he doe fee the Livery of Waxe and Whyte-hghts, made in the Office of the 
Chaundry weekly, or as often as Ihall be requifue. 

ITEM, that he ffi?!! make the parcells of the particular Provifions- of the Office every 
Moneth, within five dayes of the expirement of the Moneth, and the lame to deliver into the 
Compting-houfe i and to take his Oaih upon a Booke that it is a true prefentment. And 
in cafe any Sale hath been m-ade in his Office, of any of the faid Provifions for reafonable 
caufes, that then he ffiall prefent the pavucular of the fame, entred upon the backlides of 

lbs 



IN THE REIGN OF KING HENRYVlIl. £35 

the faid parcells ; and to fee that money for the fame be delivered to the Cofferer's hands to 
the King's ufe. 

ITEM, he fhall bring in his Accompt for the Charge of his Office, and the Creditors 
for the yeare, yearly, within two Moneths after the expirement of the Ycare, with the 
petitions requifite for the fame j upon paine to loofe one Qiiarter's Wages, defaulting 
the fame. 



The EwERVi 

THE Serjeant of the Ewry, with his companv, (hall give diligently their attendance 
in their Office; and he fhall fee that all the OfHcers in his Oifice fliall be of good rule 
and governance, and that the Office be kept cleane from Rafcalls and Vagabonds ; and 
that noe refort of ftrangers be there at noe Meale-tirae, upon like paines, as is before 
rehearfed. 

ITEM, that the faid Serjeant fhall fubflantially looke to the laying up and keeping of 
the Naperie, committed to his charge, that it be laid up cleane, and kept fweet, to ferve the 
King and Queen wiihall ; and that he and the Gentlemen d(ie d.iyly ferve the King and 
C)ucen, futing apart, and in their abfence the Yeoman of the OlHce at the Icaft, and noe 
manner of Officer elfe ; and that they doe fee that the Napery be not torne nor rent, or 
oiherwife evill ordered, neither by any of the Officers in their owne Office, nor yet by the 
Oificers of the Laundry ; and if at any time they fhall foe finde it mifordered, that then they 
fliall complaine thereof at the Greencloth, to the Officers futing there; and moreover, if any 
of the Napery be lofl, by negligence of any of the faid Officers, that then new to be bought 
out of the wages of him that loft it. 



The Kvtchen. 

THE Gierke of the Kitchen fhall looke to the order of the Officers in the Offices which 
they have the whole charge of, that they doe give their diligent attendance upon their Offices ; 
and that they be of good rule and governance, and obedient to the ordinances before men- 
tioned, upon the paine aforefaid ; and that noe waft be in any of the faid Offices. 

ITEM, they fhall make the Breifments of the Panetry, Buttry, Cellar, and Kitchen ; 
and the fame within the Pultry-bills, Scullery, Paftry, Salfery, and Woodyard, upon his 
file fhall dayly bring to the Greencloth, by Eight of the Clock in the Morning, or foor.c 
after. 

ITEM, they fhall make the proportions concerning their Offices, and weekly bring them 
into the Compting-houfe to be perufed by the Maflers of the Houfehold, and the other 
Officers fitting at the Greencloth ; and thereupon the fame tu be deHvered to the Cofferer, 
that he may cliarge the Purveyors i:o m:^!ie provifion for tlie lame; and alfoe to make a Books 
of Liveries for every Moneth, and oftener if need require, to be fent into the Comptirig- 
houfc, to confer the expences of the Houfe and the fame together. 

H h 2 ITEM, 



236ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

ITEM, they {hull moiuhly make the parcells of all the particular Provifions of the Offices. 
cf the i jutrv, Buttrv, Cellar, and Kytchen, and the fame to bring into the Compting-houle 
within Si'x Daves after the expirement of every Moneth, by his Oath upon a Booke; and to 
prefent v\Hhin all the faid parcells, all fales within every of the faid Offices, if any luch have 
beenj and to fee the Money therefore delivered into the hands of the Cofftrer to the King's Ufe. 

ITF.IM, the r.lJ Clcrkcs fliall he daily in the Larder, at the putting out of the Vitailes 
there into the Cooke's hands, and fee the fervicc thereof made, and dayly fcttout at the'dreffer 
to the King's Chamber and the Qaeene's, and to all other the Ordinarie of the Houfehold, 
to fee thut none of them doe lack any of their Ordinances which is fet for them. 

ITEM, they (hall looke that the Cookcs and Boylers doe dreffe the Meate well and fea- 
fonably, that it he neither raw, neither over much boyled or rofled, but foe as it may 
be for the King's honour, and bett coni:enting to tliein to whom it fhall be ferved. 

ITEM, the chiefe Clcrke fnall yearly bring in the accompt of his Office, with the peti- 
tions to the fame requifice, within two INIonths after the expirement of the Yeare, with the 
Creditors for the Yeaie of bis faid OfHce. 



The Accatrie. 

THE Serjeant of the Accatry fhall fubftantially looke upon the Provlfun of Beefs, Mut- 
tons, Veaks, and all other Provifions appertaineing to his Office, that the fame be niade of 
the beft iorr, and at reafonable prices, for the King's honour, and mod proffitt ; and in 
cafe any of the Purveyors, either for favour or affeclion, provide or fend into the Houfe any 
rnanner of the faid Provihon not worth the King's Money, that then he, foe finding the fame, 
fhali rerume the thing foe prepared againe into the faid Purveyor's hands, and the King not 
to be charged therewith, and they to be punillied for makeing of fuch Provifion. 

ITEM, that he doe afluredly looke and try out, that none of the faid Purveyors doe fell, 
exchange, or otherwife alienate, and put away any manner of the Provifions, made by vir- 
tue of the Kiiii^'s Commiflion to any manner of perfon, upon painc of Imprifonment, and lofle 
of their Service. 

\TEM, the f'id Serjeant, with one of the Clerks-Comptrollers, fhall be in his own e per- 
fon at every Faire or Maikctt where any great proviilons of Beefs or Mutton's (hall be made, 
10 fee the faid Provifion made for the King's mofl proffitt ; and to fee the King's Subjedls 
paid re^^dy money for the f-une, wuich fhwW be delivered unto the Purveyors to that intent. 

ITEM, the faid Serjeant wih one C!erke-Ccir,ptro!Ier fnall yearly be at the Sea-Coaff, 
to make provifion of Ejn^^. anjd Codds for the King's moil proffitt, and to receive the Fifli 
granrcvt by compafitlon, according as it is ordeyned ; and yearly to prefent the fame 
diligently into the Compting- houfe, that it may be {cQn to be received to the King's ufe. 

ITEM, he fl:i-^li caufc the Purveyors of the faid Office monthly to enter their Provifions, 
within fix dayes alter the expiretn^rnt of the Moneth ; and thereupon the Clerke of the Office 
(ball make out Debentures to the Parties of whom fuch provifion is made^ and the Parcell oP 

the 



I:N THE REIGN OF KING HENRY VIIL 237 

the fame^ Wiiich he fliall prefent into the Compting-houfe within two dayes after, by the 
Oatbof the Serjeant and Inm ; and in cafe any Sales of Provifion of the faid OfB:e hath been 
made within the Month, to record the fame within the faid parcell j and in like wife of Morens 
of Beefs, and Muttons, if any fuch Ihall chance to be. 

ITEM, he ihall fee the King's Paftures well ordered and flored with Cattell, from 
time to time, as (hall be for the King's moft profRt. 

ITEM, the faid Gierke (hall be attendant, and dayly bring into the Corapting-honfe, a 
Bill called the Accatry-Bill, containing the Polls and Prices as nigh as he can gett them, of 
all the Beefs, Muttons, Veales, Porks, &c. i'pent in the Houfe the day before, to the intent 
that it may (hew whether the Provifion before fpent be worth- the King's Money or not. 

TiiE Lardour. 

THE Serjeant, or in his abfence the Gierke of the Larder, fliall fee that the Officers of hi^ 
Office be dayly attendant, and to be of good rule and governance, and cbeditat to all 
the Ordinances before expreflcd, upon like paines as is before rehearfed. 

ITEM, they (hall fee that all fuch Vi£>ualls as (hall come into the Office, as well Flefh as 
Fi(h, be well ordered and feafoned from time to time, as (hall be required; and alfoe that 
the Beef be put to the lead every morning in due time, foe that it may be thorough boyled 
when it (hall be ferved, 

ITEM, that the Gierke of the Larder (hill dayly take the record of all the Provifions 
brought into that Office, and of the ill'ueing out of the fame, and to indent with the Serjeant 
of the Accatry for all fucfi Provifions as (hall be received from him. 

ITEM, that the faid Gierke (liall dayly fee Liverie Meate ferved at every Meale, to all the 
Houlehold-Servants; and that there be no wall made of Beef or other, in the faid Office, by 
the inferior Officers. 

The Poultry. 

THE" Serjeant and Gierke of the Poultry fliall fee, that the Officers in the Poultry, and the 
Office of the Scaldlng-houfe, fnall give their diligent attendance, and to be of good rule and > 
governance, and to obferve the other Ordinances before mentioned, upon like paines as is 
before exprefled. 

ITEM, they fliall looke well that the Poultry ftuff which fliall be brought into the Office 
by any of the l\]rvq'ors, be brought in due time, and that it be good, fweet, and • 
(eafonable; elfe not to receive it, but to returne it to the Purveyors againe, in makeing re- 
port to the Officers of the Greencloth of their evill fcrvice, that they may be punifhed as- 
tlrey havedeferved for bringing in fuch bad fluff. 

ITEM, the faid Serjeant or Gierke fliall fee that the faid Poultry flial! be dayly put into. ; 
the Scalder's hands, at fach houres, both morning and after dinner, that they may have con- 
4 ^ venient 



238 ADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE APELTHAM 

venient time to drefle the fame, foe tint it may be brought into the Larder dayly by Eight 
of the Clock in the Morning, and by Three of the Clock at Afterooone, that it may be put 
into the Cooke's hands in due time for the drefling of the fame. 

ITEM, the Gierke of the faid Office fliall make his diyly Breifments by Eight of the Clock 
in the Morning, and fliall bring the lame to the Clerke of the Kitchen incontinently there- 
upon ; that he bring the fame upon his File into the Conipting-houfe duly by the fjiid houre, 
and alfoc to make his Parcell of all the Provifions of his Office monthiy, within five dayes 
within the expirement of every Moneth ; and that the Serjeant and he thall prefent the fame 
in the Compting-houfe by their Oath upon a Bjoke, with all the Sales made in their Office 
within the faid Month, mentioned within the faid Parcell ; and to fee the Money thereof 
delivered to the Cofferer's hand to the King's ufe. 

The Pastry and Sausery. 

THE Clerke and Yeoman thereof fliall fee that the Officers in the faid Office be of good 
rule and government, and to obferve the Ordinances before mentioned, upon like paine ai 
afurefaid. 

ITEM, that they fliall fee all their baked Meates well feafoned and ferved, according to the 
appointment of the Clerke of the Kitchen, without imbefl^eling or giveing away any of the 
fame ; and alfo that there be no waftfuU expences made of Flower nor Sawce within the 
laid Oliice. 

ITEM, the faid Clerke fliall bring in his dayly Breifments to the Gierke of the Kitchen's 
File, like as is before declared, and alfoe his Parcell into the Compting-houfe monthly 
by his Oath as is beforefaid ; and to make out the Debentures touching his Office, to all 
the King's fubjefls which fliall come for the fame, without delay or taking any thing therefore; 
and alfoe the Creditors of his Office for the yeare, within two Months of the expirement of 
the Yeare. 

The SciuiLLERY and Woodyard. 

THE Serjeant of the Sqaillery and Woodyard fliall fee that the Officers of his Office be 
of good rule and governance, and obferve all the Ordinances before mentioned, upon like 
paines as is before exprelled. 

ITEM, that he, with both the Clerkes of the faid Offices, doe looke to the coming in of 
all the Provifion of Wood, Coales, Ruflies, and all other neceflTaries in all places; and to fee 
the full meafures of Coales and the Affife of Wood ; that the King be charged with no more 
of the faid Provifions than is brought in to his ufe. 

ITEM, that the Clerkes of the faid Offices doe make their dayly Breifments, and bring 

them to the Clerke of the Kitchen's File by Eight of the Clock in the Morning, and their 

parcells into the Coraptinghoufe by the Oath of the Serjeant and themfelves, within Six dayes 

3 after 



IN THE REIGN OF KING H E N R Y Vm. 239 

after the explrement of every Month, and the fayles eiitred upon the fame, if any fuch 
have been made in the faid Office ; and to fee the Money therefore delivered to the Cofferer, 
for tiie King's ufe ; and fhall make all the Debentures concerning their Offices, to every of 
the King's Subjects which (hall come for them, without any delay, or any Money taken of 
them; and alfoe to bring into the Compting houfe the Creditors of their Office for theYeare 
yearly within two Months after the Yeare (ball be expired, upon paine of lofing one 
quarter's Wages. 

Porters at the Gate. 

THE Serjeant Porters with the refidue of their Officers there, fhall give their dayly at- 
tendance, and be of good rule and governance ; and that they doe not onely exclude 
Servants, Vagabonds, and Rafcalls out of their Office, but alfoe that they doe nor fuffer 
any Vagabonds, Rafcalls, or Boyes, to enter in at the Gate at any time ; and that one of 
them fhall three or four times in the day make due fearch throught the Houfe, in cafe that 
negligently at any time, any Boycs or Rafcalls have efcaped by them, and entred the 
Gates, that thereby they may find them out, and put them out againc, upon like paines as 
is before expreffed. 

ITEM, the faid Porters fliall have fuch vigilant eyes to the Gate, that they doe not per- 
milt any kinde of Vidualls, Waxe-lights, Leather-Pocrs, VefTells Silver or Pewter, Wood, 
or Coales, pafTe out of the Gates, upon paine of lolTe of three dayes Wages to every of 
ihem, as often as they offend therein. 



The Almonry. 

THE Almoners (hall give tijeir diligent attendance within the Houfe dayly, gathering all 
the broken Meates throuiihout the iame Houfe, and doe diftribute the fame to the poore 
people, without embeffelling any part of the fame away, upon like paines as beforefaid. 

ITEM, it is further ordered that noe Officer of the Houfehold fhall depart oute of the 
Court, but that he fhall have Licence of the Lord Great Mafler, Mr. Treafurer, Mr. 
Comptroller, or one of them at the ieall ; and upon fuch Lycence granted, that knowledge 
be given him that hath granted the Lycence, to the Clerke-Comptroller, for how long time 
he is lycenced to be abfenr, to the intent tliat if the partie, having fuch Lycence to be away, 
doe any longer abfcnt himfclf than the time given him, that then he may be checked of his 
Wages for the time as h; fliall be abfenr, .after the expiremenr of the day of his Lycence. 

ITEM, it is ordeyned that noe Officer of the Houfehold fliall keep any Servant within the 
Houfe under the degree of a Gentleman; and that fuch Servants as they fhall have attend- 
ing on them within the Houfe, fnail be honed and of good condition, cleanly clad, and of 
good perfonage, foe thic they may be admitted ro tl^e King's fervice, if fuite fhall be made foir 
them. And the Great Officers ihall fubftaniiuUy looke, that no l\age be received into any 
Office within the Houfe, but that he be of fuch fort and a like perfon to arife to the befl 
promotion in the Ornce that he fhall be called unto by continuance of time. 

ITEM, 



2i^oADDITIONS TO THE ORDINANCES MADE AT ELTHAM 

ITEM, tliat the Knight-Marfliall, or his fuflTicient Deputie, ihail give continuall attendance 
upon ihe Court, i>.s well to expell all Boyes, Vagabonds, and Rafcalls, being expulfed out 
of the Court-Gates, as all others reloriipg thither from Uiiic to time, as cafe^all require. 

ITEM, th^t noe manner of perfon, of high or lowe degree, belonging to the King's 
Houfliold, fliall keepe uiihin the Court any Haukes, Spanniclls, Grey-hounds, or Hounds, 
but fuch \vhom it Ihall pleale the King's Maieftie to lycence foe to doe. Nor that any Perfon 
lh.^11 keepe Ferretts, purfuerts, hayes, or Netts, within the faid Houfe, nor at their Lodg- 
ing in the Towne, wherewith they fhall hunt or fifli in any mannes feverall Grounds, or 
Waters, without Lycence of the owners of the fame, upon paine of Imprifonmcnt, there to 
remaine till the Kii'.g's pleafure Ihall be knowne for his or their delivery. 

.ITEM, that the Knight-Herbinger fhall give his due attendance at the Court; and fpe- 
cially, the Gentlemen, the Yeomen Harbingers, or three of them at the leaft, continually, 
that they may be ready to make Lodging and Herbigage, as well to any Eltate and other of 
the King's Ordinance at all times of the Ilemoveings, as alfoe at all other times, to Am- 
baffadors and other Strangers, upon commandment given unto them, when any fuch (hall 
chance to come to the Court. 

AND that the faid Harbingers (hall at every Removeing-time give a Billet in writing to 
every Perfon to whom, he (hall appoint Lodging , containing the name of the DAcller in 
the Houfe, with the number of Bedds and the Roome for Horfes; and that noe Perfon, of 
high or low degree, doe prefume of themfeWes to diflodge any perfon foe lodged by the 
Harbingers, nor yet to take any Lodging thenfelves, but to refort to the Harbingers to 
be appointed unto the fame upon paine of Imprifonment. 

FINALLY, the King's Highnefs doth flraightly charge and command, that all the Sta- 
tutes of his Honourable Houfehold, as well of old as new, as alfo all other good Rules and 
Ordinances, Cuftomes and Commandments, made and edified, or that hereafter fliall be or- 
deyned and made within this his Court, for the gocd Order and Governance of his Honour- 
able Houfehold, (hall (land (lably, and be duly obferved and kept by any Perfon belonging 
to his noble Court, as every one of them will avoyd his mofl grievous Difpleafure. 



dUEEN 



[ HI 3 



QUEEN ELIZABETH'S ANNUAL EXPENGE, CIVIL 

AND MILITARY.* 



AN ACCOUNT OF THE OFFICES, SALARIES, FEES, AND PERQUISITES OF THE CoURT OF CHAN- 
CERY ; Privy Seale ; Queen's Bench ; Common Pleas ; Councils in the North, in 
AVales and the Marches; Duchies of Lancaster and Cornwall ; Palatine of 
Chester; Justices of Oyer and Terminer ; Exchequer; Pipe; Custom houses 
at London, and all the ports ; Receivers of the Revenues of the Crown, Sur- 
veyors of the Queen's lands; First-fruits and tenths; Court of Wards and 
Liveries; Justices in Eyre, &c. 



The High Court of Chauncerie, with the officers and minifters of juftice ; and the fcts 

and allowances of everie of them. 



The Lord Chauncellor, Lord 
Keeper of the Great Seal of 
England, fee. 

For his attendance in the 
Star-chamber, 

More, by the names of an- 
nuities, 

Robes out of the Wardrobe, 

Wyne out of the Butlerage, 
12 tunnes, 

Seale, 

Mailer of the Rowles ; fee, 
out of the Exchequer, 

Lyvery, out of the Hamper, 

Wyne, one tunne, 

Mafters of the Chauncery; 
fee, apeece, 

C:lark of the Plamper-, fee 

Annuity to the faid office 
annexed. 



t. 



s. 



d. 



419 








200 








300 








40 








72 








16 








34 


10 





8 


'4 





6 


13 


4 


6 


13 


4 


43 


13 


4 


40 









Lyvery for clarks, 

For his under clarke. 

Controller of the Hamper; 
fee, 

Clarke of the Crowne ; fee, 

Lyvery for fommer and 
wynter, 

Knroller of evidence ; fee, 

Prothonctarie, or regifler; 
fee, 

Sv;aler ; fee, 

Lyveric, 

Chafer of waxe ; fee and 1\'- 
very, 

Seijeant at Amies; fee, 

Cryer \ fee 

Neccffarieexpencesofwaxe, 
parch moar, paper, ynk, rid- 
ing coih, and other yearly 
chardges ; fee 



t. 


s. 


d. 


2 



»3 

13 


4 
4 


10 







20 








6 

20 


5 



5 



33 
6 


6 
16 


8 
8 


1 








4 
18 


10 

5 


I 




6 16 i( 



220 



This account is printed in Mr. Peck's Dejiderata Curiofa part T, Book II. and is of tiic d^te ofabout 1578. 

I i - ^ The 



a42 QJJEENELIZABET li's ANNUAL EXPENCE, 



t. 



d. 



The Prlvle Scale, 



The keeper thereof, Sir 
Hobeit Cicill; knt; fee 265 2 6 

Clarks of the Privie Scale, 
4 ; fee apcece, 500 

The Kinge's Bench. 

LordeCheefeJufticeof Eng- 
land ; fee, reward, and robes, 208 6 8 

Wynne, 2 tunnes, atjt. the 
tunne, 10 o o 

Allowance for being Jaflice 
of Afljfe, 20 o o 

JulHces, le peece, 3; fee, 
reward, & robes, 128 6 8 

Allowance, as Juftices of 
AfTife, 20 o o 

Clarke of the Crowne ; fee 10 o o 

l^y very out of the Wardrobe 6 13 4 

Prothonotarie, orRegifter; 
no fee nor allowance of the 
Queene, 

Keeper of writs and rowles 
there ; fee, 800 

Porter ; fee, 400 

Cryer •, fee, 500 

The Common Pleas.. 

Lord Cheefe Juftice of the 
Common Pleas j fee, reward, 
and robes, 141 13 4 

Wyne ; 2 tunnes, S o o 

Allowance, as Juftice of 
Affife, 20 o o 

Fee, for keeping the Aflife 
in the Augmentation Court, 12 10 8 

Juftices, 3, to everie of 
them ; fee, reward, and robes, 128 6 8 

Allowance, as Juftices of 
Affife, 20 o o 

Keeper of writs and rowles 
there ; fee, 4 o q 

Prothonotarie ; no fee nor 
allowance of the Queene, 

Serjeants of the law, 4 ; 
fee, reward, and robes, 26 6 8 



Allowance as Juftices of Af- 
fife, and k peece. 

Attorney -General! ; fee, 

Allowance as Juftice of Af- 
fife, 

SoUicitor ; fee, 

Cryer ; fee. 



t. s. d. 

20 o o 
6100 

20 o a 
50 o Q 

2 n ^ 



The Counfell in the North. 

Lord Prefident ; dyet for 

himfelf and the reft of the 

counfell 1000 o O' 

Counfellors 7 ; fee apeece, 50 o o 
Secretarie; fee, 33 6 8 

Meflenger; fee, ^ 13 4. 

Forren expences, allowed 

among the officers, 100 o o. 

The Counfell in Wales and the Marches j. 
and other officers there. 

Lord Prefident ; fee and 
diet for himfelf and the reft of 

the counfell 1040 o o- 

Counfellers divers. Tofome, 50 o o 

To fome, 40 o o 

To fome, 30 o o 

Secretarie; fee, 13 6 S, 

Attorney ; fee, 13 6 8 

Solicitor ; fee, 10 o a. 

Foren, or divers expences 
allowed among the officers 

and councellors ; yearly, 100 o o 

All thefe officers payd out of her Majef 
ties revenewes,.by her receaver of North and 
South Wales. 

The Cotintle Palatine of Lancafter. 

Chamberlaine; fee, 20 o o 

Clark of the Crowne; fee, 40 o o 

And his dyet when he 

rydes ; efteemed, 40 o o 

Clark of the Pleas; fee, 40 o o 

Clark of the Extreats ; fee 20 c o 

Birons of the Exchequer, 

2; fee apeece, 40 o o 

Attorney j fee, 613 4 

MefTenger ; 



CIVIL AND MILITARY; 



443 



t. s. S, 

^^efTenger ; fee, 200 

And his rydiiig expenccs, 
Cryer; fee 200 

The Countie Palatine of Chefter. 

Chamberlaine; fee, 20 o o 

Under-Sherif ; fee 20 o o 
Serjeantes at lawe, 3 ; fee 

^peece, 368 

Attorney ; fee, 368 

Efcheator; fee, 16 o o 

Bayly errant -, fee, 411 3 

Meflenger; fee, 200 
And his riding charges, 

more, 600 

Juftlces of Oyer and Terminer. 

From Trent, South-warde; 
fee ICO o o 

From Trent, North-warde ; 
fee, 100 o o 

Mailers of the Enquefts, 2 ; 
fee, ICO o o 

Clark of the White-hall ; 
no fee, nor allowance of the 
Queene. 

The Exchequer, or Court of Revenewes, with 
the fees and allowances to the cheefe 
officers, and other inferior minillers there. 

Lord High Treafurer of 
England J fee, 368 o o 

Robes out of the Wardrobe, 15 7 8 

Chauncellor of the Exche- 
quer ; fee, 113 6 8 

Lyverye, 12 17 8 

Lord Cheef Baron of the 
Exchequer; fee, loo o o 

Lyvery, 12 17 4 

Allowance for being Juflice 
ofAffife, 20 o o 

Barons of the Exchequer, 3 ; 
i"ee, 46 13 4 

Lyvery ; apeece, 1 2 1 7 4 

Allowance as Juftice of Af- 
fifc, 20 o o 

I i 2 



t. s. a. 

Inferior officers of the Exchequer, viz. 

Under Treafurer of the Ex- 
chequer ; fee, 13 6 8 
Lyvery, 468 
Chamberlaines, 2 ; fee, 53 3 4 
Lyvery apeece, 13 o 8 
The Queen's Remembraun* 

cers; fee, 55 7 8 

Lyveric, 4 12 4 
The Treafurer's Rememb- 

rauncers ; fee, 46 2 i 

Lyverie, 2 13 4 

Auditors, 7; fee apeece, 10 o o 

Forren oppofer ; fee, 16 13 4 

Clark of Extreats ; fee, 15 o o 

Clark of the Pleas ; fee, 500 

Marflialls, 2 ; fee apeece, 400 
Clark of the Summons ; 

fee, 400 
Secondaries, in the office of 

the Queen's Remembraunce, 

2 ; fee apeece, 800 
Secondaries, in the Office of 

theTreafurer's Remembraunce, 

4 ; fee apeece. 400 



Pype *. 

Secondaries in the Office 
of the Pype, 2 j fee apeece. 



5 



* Clark of the Pipe ; fee, 65 I. 4s. *d. 

Livery out of the Wardrobe; 53 s. 4d. 

Comptroller of the Pype ; fee, 15 1. as. 

Auditors ; fee to each, lol. 

Forren oppofer ; fee, i6i. 13$. 4d, 

Clark of the Extreats; fee, 15I. 

Clark of the Pleas ; fee, 100 1. 

Two Marflialls; fee each, 501, 

Clark of the Summons ; fee, .... 

Secondaries in the office of the Remembrancer 2 ; 
fee each, 5I. 

Secondaries in the office of the Treafurer's Remem* 
brancer; fee, 4U 

Chambtrleynes 2 ; fee to each, 52I. 133. 4d. 

Liverie out of the Wardrobe, 13I, 6s. 8d. 

Under Treafurer of England ; fee, 173I. 

Liverie out of the Wardrobe, 44I, 6 s. 8 d. 

Clarke 



244 C^U E E N E L 1 Z A B E T H's A N N U A L E X P E N C E, 



C'arke in the Pype Office 
affereing of amerciamenis ; 
fee, 

Clark in the ofHce of the- 
Queen's Remeaibraiinces, for 
writing of the fynes itfues. 
and aincrci.i'.s.enis, due to tlie 
Queen every yeare ; fee, 

Clarke in the office of the 
Tieafurer's Remenibraunces -, 
fee, 

Clark in the ofTice of the 
fees for afFereing of aniercia- 
mcnts ; fee, 

The 4 ufliers of the courte, 
for their fees, dyct, and for 
lyverie of procelTe, and for 
parchment, paper, and v/axe, 
by them provided and bought 
for officers ; fee, 

Porters, 5, (lyvery to each 
of them out of the wardrobe^' 

Fee every terme, 

Deputie chamberlains, 2 j 
fee apeece, 
*- Clark of the tallies ; fee, 

Clark of the pell ; fee, 

Livery out of the wardrobe, 

Joyuers of the tallies, z j 
fee apeece. 

Tellers of the Exchequer, 
4 ; fee apeece. 

Deputy chamberlains, to 
xvrite the controlments of the 
pell, 2 ; fee apeece, 

One dark, to write the tal- 
lies of the controlments -, fee. 

One porter of the bagges ; 
one treafureror keeper of the 
howfe kayes ; fee, 

Writer of the great decla- 
ration of the revenewes of the 
cro^'ne ; fee, 

Meflengers, 4; fee apeece 
per diem, 

Rewardes and allowances to 
the groomes of receipts ; tee. 
Parchment allowed for the 
2 



t. 



9 ^3 4 



ic 6 8 



6 o 



3 o 



treafovers officers, and cbam- 
berlaine; fee, 

Uthera of receipts, 3; for 
their ftesjdyet, paper, parche- 
menr, and other necelTaries, 



1. s. a. 

600 

60 o o 



o 

o 

o 
o 
o 
8 



140 o 

4 o 
o 4 

5 o 
17 10 

17 ID 
2 13 

10 O 



13 13 4 

600 
900 

6 6 8 

go o o 
004 
040 



Cuftomers and other officers about the Cuf- 
tome Howfe of London,, wiih their feverall 

fees. 

Cuftomer of the fmall cuf- 
tome inwardes j fee, 

Reward, 

Clarke, 

Boat-hier, 

Cuftomer of the fmall cuf- 
to.ne outwards ; fee, 

One clarke, 

Reward, 

Boat-hier, 

Controller of both the faide 
cuftome howfes ; rewarde, 

Clarke, 

Collector of the fublTdies 
inward ; reward, 

Clarke, 

Bcat-hier, 

Colleftor of the fubfidies 
outwardes; reward, 

Clarke, 

Boat-hier, 

Colleftors of both the faid 
fubfidies; reward. 

One Clarke, 

Surveiors of the cuftoms 
and fubfidies aforefaid; reward 
apeece, 

One clarke, 

SoUiciiors, Surveiora, and 
Receavers, 10 ; fee amonge 
them. 

And upon every kerfey in 
London and Southampton, 

Searcher; no fee nor allow- 
ance of the Queene, 

Waiters 18 ; fee amonge 
them, viz. out of the pettye 
cuftome inward, 16 00 

Cut 



7 
40 

10 


13 





4 




4 


13: 


4 


12 
8 


3 



4 



41 

4 



13 




4:- 


20 








10 








66 

10 


13 



4 



10 








66 
10 


13 



4 



10 








40 

I 



10 






40 
10 











IOC 











I 






CIVIL AND 

}• s. d* 

Out of the petty cuftora out- 
ward, 12 o o 

Out of the fubfidies inward, 12 00 

Out of the fubfidies out- 
ward, 28 o o 

Cuftomers in other ports, with their feverall 
fees. 

I. Bofton, in Com. Lincoln. 

Cuftomer ; fee^ 30 o o 

Reward, 26 13 4 

One Clarke, 500 

Comptroller ; fee, 926 

Reward, 368 

2. Bridgwater, in Com, Somerfet. 

Cuftomer ; reward, 26 13 4 

Comptroller; reward, 10 16 8 

3. Briitol, Civitas, 

Comptroler; fee, 5 00 

Reward, 21 o o 

Searcher ; reward, 26 o o 

Watermen, 4; fee among 

^em, 800 

4. Chichefler, in Com. Suffex. 

Cuftomer, fee, 13 6 8 

2100 

3 6 8 

40 o o 



MILITARY. 



Reward, 
Comptroler j fee. 
Reward, 



5. Ipfwich, in Com. SufF. 

Cuftomer j fee, 613 4 

Pveward, 20 o o 

Comptroler; fee, 268 

Reward, 10 o o 

6. Kingfton upon Hull, Com. Ebor. 

Cuftomer j fee, 20 o o 

Reward, 53 6 8 

Comptroler; fee, 3 6 8 



245 
i. 5. cT. 



7. Lynne, in Com. Norf. 

Cuftomer ; fee. 
Reward, 
Coniroler; fee, 



13 6 8 

16 16 8 

3 6 8 



8. Yarmouth, in Com. Norf. 

Cuftomer; fee, to o o 

Re ward J 2 3 o o 

Controler ; fee, 6 6 8 

Reward, 6 13 4 

9. Newcaftle upon Tyne, in Com. Nor- 
thumb. 

Cuftomer-, fee, 16 13 4 

Reward, 26 13 4 

Controler ; fee, 4 o q 

Reward, 10 o o 
Waighers, 4; reward among 

them, 4, o o 

10. Poole, in Com. Dorfet. 

Cuftomer; fee^ 6 13 4- 

42 o o 
040 
800 



Reward, 
Controler ; fee, 
Reward, 



11. Plymouth and Fey, in Cora. Devon, 
and Corni^b, 



Cuftomer ; fee. 

Reward, 

Controler ; reward. 



368 

30 o o 
10 o o.., 



12. Sandwich, in Com. Kancie. . 

Cuftomer; fee, 6 13 4? 

Reward, 40 o o 

Clarke, 50 o 

Controler ; fee, 200 

Reward, 40 o o 

13. Southampton. 

Cuftomer; fee, 60 o o' 

Reward, 40 o o 

Clarke,. 



i4^ q^UEEN ELIZABETH'S ANNUAL E X P E N C li, 



1. s. d. 

Clarke, lo o o 

l^eputie at Portefmouih i 6 8 

Controler ; fee, 200 

Reward, 13 o o 

One claike, .200 

14. Exon and Dartmouth. 

Cullomer ; fee, 368 

Reward, 5^ ^3 4 

One clarke, 10 o o 

Controler; fee^ 368 

Reward, ,10 o o 

Receavers of the revenewes of the Crowne, 
with their fees, &c. 

Norfolk, Suffolk, Lincolne, 

Cambridge, Huntingdon, 5 

receivers ; fee of each, 100 o o 

Portage of every loot, 100 

Allowance, ^o o o 

EiTex, Hartford, Middlefex 

cum London, 3 receivers ; fee 

of each, 1 00 o o 

Portage of every 100 L 100 

Allowance, 20 o o 

Barks and Bucks ; Oxon 
and Bedford, 2 receivers.; fee 



of each. 


100 








Portage, 


40 








Allowance, 


20 








Devon, Cornwall, Som- 








inerfet, Dorfer, 4 receivers; 








fee of each. 


100 








Portage, 


40 








Allowance, 


50 









Northampton ; Warwick ; 
Leicefter and Rutland ; Stafford 
and Salop ; Hereford j Wor- 
ccfter ; 6 receivers fee of each, 1 00 
Portage, 10 

Allowance, 53 



o 
o 
o 



Xeicefter and Dei by-, Not- 
tingham and Cheflcr J 2 receiy- 
ers ; fee of 'each 

Portage, 

Allowance, 



i. s. d. 



100 o o 
1000 
20 o o 



"Weflmerlandc ; Cumber- 
lande -, Northumberland ; Ifle 
of Man ; Archedeconrie of 
Richmond ; Bifhoprick of Dur- 
ham ; 6 receivers ; fee of each, 100 o 
Portage, 50 o 

Allowance, 13 6 



o 
o 
8 



Yorkfliire, i receiver ; fee 

Portage, 

Allowance, 



100 
70 
20 



o o 
■o o 
o o 



fee 



South-Wales, i receiver ; 



Portage, 



40 o o 
70 o o 



Hamper in Chauncerie and 
Augmentation Court ; fee 
apeece, 40 00 

The Butlerage, containing the great Ward- 
robe, and all fumraes of money delivered 
in impreffe for the Queene's affiyres, viz. 

Allowance and lyverie out 
of the greate Wardrobe, 13 34 

Allowance out of the But- 
lerage, 10 o o 

Surveiors of the Queene's land, with their 
fees and allowances. 

Norfolk; fee 
Suffolk ; fee, 
Cambridge i fee, 
Huntington ; fee, 
Lincolne ; fee, 
Effex ; fee, 

Middlefex and London; fee, i^ 6 8 
Kent; fee, 20 o o 

Hartforde; fee, 20 o o 

Surrey; 



^3 


6 


8 


13 


6 


8 


10 








10 








ID 








13 


6 


8 



CI V 1 L 


A 


N 


-. 


1. 


s. 


d. 


Surrey; fee, 


13 


6 


8 


Suflex ; fee, 


13- 


6 


8 


Earkfliirei fee. 


M 


6 


8 


Oxonford ; fee. 


13. 


6 


8 


Buckingham; fee,. 


13 


6 


8 


Bedford ; fee, 


13 


6 


8 


Southampton ; fee,. 


13 


6 


8 


Wilts ; fee. 


'3 


6 


8 


Devon ; fee. 


13 


6 


8 


Gloucefler; fee,. 


13 


6 


8 


Cornubie ; fee. 


13 


6 


8 


Somraerfet ; fee. 


20 








Dorfct ; fee^ 


13 


6 


8 


Northampton ; fee^ 


13 


6 


8 


Leicefter ; fee. 


13 


6 


8 


Salop ; fee. 


13 


6 


8 


Stafford ; fee, , 


»3 


6 


S 


Rutland ; fee. 


6 


13 


4 


Worcefler; fee. 


»3 


6-, 


a 


Yorklhire, eaft, wefl, and 








north riding, 3 furveyors; fee 


- 






apeece. 


13 


6 


8 


Nottingham ; fee„, 


13 


6 


8 


Darbie ; fee. 


13 


6 


8 


Chefhire ; fee,. 


13 


6 


8 


Lancafhire ; fee, 


13 


6 


8 


Weftmerland ; fee,. 


10 








Cumberland ; fee. 


10 








Northumberland ; fee, 


13 


6 


8 


Biftioprick of Durefme j fee. 


10 








- South-Wales ; fee, 


20 








North-Wales; fee. 


20 





& 


The Dutchie of Cornwall- 






Lord Warden and Steward 








of the Stannery ; fee for the 








Stannery, 


26 








Fee, as Cuftomer of Dart- 








mouth in Devon. 


26 ] 


'3 


4 


Officer of the coinage of 








tynne ; noe fee nor allowance 








of the Queene. 








Cuftomerof the haven with- 








in \ fee. 


4-J 


II 


3 



247- 



142 
66 


10 
13 




4 


45 








38 


10 





27 


10 


4 


40 









> MIL I T A R y- 

h s. 
The Dachie of Lancafter *. 

Chauncellor; fee and al- 
lowance of 4t. for paper, 
parchment, and ynk^ 

Surveior ; fee. 

Attorney; fee and allow- 
ance, 

Receaver General ; fee and 
allowance, 

Clarke in the court of the 
Duchie ; fee and allowance, 

MefTenger ; fee and hij 
charges when he rydeth. 



Afliflance in the courte of the Duchy of 
Cornewall f. . 

One attorney for the duchie 
in the Exchequer; fee, 5 ^ o 

Attorney likewife in the 
Chauncerie ; fee, 3 6 8 V 

To the Ufher of the receipts 
of the Exchequer ; fee, 180 

Four learned men in the law 
retayned of councell with the 
faid Duchie ; fee apeece, 768 

Auditors, Siirveiors, and Receavers in the 
courte of the faid Duchie of Lancaftero. . 

Auditors for the North 
parte of the realme j fee 
and allowance, 197 4 ^ 

Auditors fortheSoutb parts; 
fee, 136 19 o. 

Receivers forHalton in Che- 
fhire, l.ancaflilre Lancafter, 
and Cledon in Yorkfliire ; fee 25 13 4 

Portage of every looL de- 
livered to the Queene's coffers,. , i 

Allowance, 6 



o 
13 



o 
4 



• Chancellor, Sir Tho. Heneage, kt. Vice-cham- . 
berleyne to her Majeftie. 

f Lord Warden of the Stannerie of the faid dut. 
cUie,. Sir Walter Rawleigh, kt. fee, 55 1, 6s. 8d, 

Receavers 



148 Q^UEEN ELIZABETH'sANNUALEXPENCE, 



i, s. d. 



Receavers for Tartnet *, and 








other laie abbielandes, with the 








chaiintcrie and otiicr colledge 








landcs, in Lancalhire; fee, 


46 


'3 


4 


Portage, 


6 


13 


4 


Allowance, 


13 


6 


8 


Kcceavers for the honor of 








Pomfret f, with the lordfliipp 








of Knarelbiirgh, and the late 








colledge landes and chauntrey 








landes, in Yorkfhire -, fee. 


3^ 


^3 


4 


Portage, 


S 


6 


8 


Allowance. 


»7 


4 


8 


Keceaver for FurnelTe, in 








iom. Lane, fee, 


20 








Portage, 


12 


4 





Allowance, 


2 


10 





Receaver for Rippon, in 








com. Ebor, j fee. 


3 


6 


8 


Portage, 


I 


18 


8 


Allowance, 


3 


6 


8 


Receiver for Dunftanburgh, 








in com. Northumb. fee. 


3 


6 


8 


Portage, 


I 


18 





Allowance, 


3 


6 


8 


Receaver for Pickerings 








in Qom. Ebor. fee. 


5 








Portage, 


5 








Allowance, 


3 


10 





Receaver for the honor, of 








Tickhill, com. Ebor, fee. 


5 








Portage, 


2 


19 


'7 


Allowance, 


4 


10 





Receaver for the honor of 








Lcicefter ; fee, 


5 








Portage, 


4 


18 


2 


Allowance, 


3 


9 





Receaver for the honor of 








BuHingbrook, in com. Lin- 








coln, with the colledge and 








chauntrie lands in the fame 








fiiire-, fee, 


24 


6 


8 


Portage, 


4 


^i 


2 



* Richard Ramfliarc, receiver. 
+ William Mallet, receiver. 
J Receaver Ellis Markham. 



Allowance, 

Receaver of Kennelworih, 
in com. PFdrw. fee. 

Portage, 

Allowance, 

Receaver for Longe Benn- 
ington, in com. Line fee. 

Portage, 

Allowance, 

Receaver for the honor of 
Tutburie in com. Stafford and 
Darbie ; fee, 

Portage, 

Allowance, 

Receavers for the counties 
of Northampton, Huntington, 
and Bedford ; fee. 

Portage, • 

Allowance, 

Receaver for Suffolk, Nor- 
folk, and Cambridge; fee. 

Portage, 

Allowance, 

Receaver for the county of 
Suflex ; fee, 

Portage, 

Allowance, 

Receaver for the antient 
landes of the duchie in the 
fouth partes ; fee, 

Portage, 

Allowance, 

Receaver for the county of 
Monmouth ; fee. 

Portage, 

AUovt'ance, 

Receaver for the lands of 
the earldom of Hertford, be- 
longing to the faid Duchie; 

Portage, 

Allowance, 

Receaver for the marches 
of South Wales} fee. 

Allowance, 

Receaver for Kidwelley in 
South Wales; fee. 

Portage utfupra. 



t. 

4 


s. 
II 


3. 
8 


4 
2 














10 


G 


26. 


6 


8 


1 1 





^ 


2 





4 


25 


6 


S 


II 



4 
8 





10 
6 









2 





4 


6 

2 
4 


13 

10 

10 


4 

4 



3 
6 


6 




8 
6 



o 19 



6 13 4 
210 4 

4 10 o 

700 
500 
2 15 8 



lo o o 

486 

38 8 o 

- 13 4 
3 17 10 

10 o o 
AllovjDce, 



CIVIL AND M ILITARY. 



249 





t, 


s. 


<J. 


Allowance, 


3 


17 


10 


Receaver for Kid well ey in 








North Wales; fee, 


26 


13 


4 


Allowance, 


5 


7 


10 


Receaver for the late colledg 








of Leicefter, with the late col- 








ledg and chauntrie landes in 








the fouth partes ; fee, 


26 


13 


4 


Portage, 


6 








Allowance, 


10 








Surveior of the landes in 








the fouth part ;s ; fee. 


13 


6 


8 


Rydingc cofts by difcretion 








of the court. 








Surveior of the landes in the 








north partes ; fee 


^ 


6 


2 


Ryding cofts, ut fupra^ 








Surveior of William Leigh- 








ton's woods in the whole 








realme ; fee, 


10 








Ryding cofts by difcretion 








cf the court. 








The court of firft frutes and 1 


tenthes, ' 


with 


the offices, &c. 








The chancellor ; fee, marks 


;20o . 








Dyet, 


100 








Heir for a howfe for himfclf 








and the records, 


9 








Treaforer; fee, 


20 








Diet, 


10 








Houfe rent. 


10 








A deputie. 


10 








A clarke, 


6 


3 


4 


Other allowances and ordi- 








nary expences, 


49 


6 


8 


Audiror ; fee. 


20 








Dyet, 


51 


10 





A Clarke, 


6 


3 


4 


Other allowances, 


61 


16 


I 


Clarke of the courte ; fee, 


40 








Keeper of the records •, fee, 


20 








MefTenger ; fee. 


2 


10 


71 


Allowance, 


3 


6 


8 


Ulher, 


2 


10 


oi 


Allowance, 


3 


6 


Z 

8 





o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 

4 
o 



t. s. i. 
The court of wards and liveries, with the 
fees and allowances. 

Mafter of the v/ards, Sir 
Robert Ciciil*, kt.-, fee, marks 200 o o 

Diet, Libr. loa o o 

Heir of the howfe for the 
records, p o 

Receaver general J fee, marks 100 o 

Diet, 50 o 

Allowance, ~ 20 o 

Attorney ; fee, 40 o 

Diet, 50 o 

Surveior of the liyeriesj fee, 10 o 

Auditor ; fee, 26 13 

Diet, 20 o 

Increafe of fee, in conil- 
deration of lyvcrie, 20 o 

Other allowances and ordi- 
nary expences, 

Clarke of the wards ; fee, 

Diet, 

Allowance, 

Clark of the liveries , noe 
fee nor allowance ; 

Meienger; fee, 

Lvvery, 

Ryding cofts at the difcre- 
tion of the court. 

Ufher ; fee, 

Lyvery, 

Feodaries, in every fiiire 
one; at the appointment of 
the mafter of the wardes. 

Feodaries, 25; fee apeece, 90 o 

Portage of every lool. deli- 
vered, 100 

Allowance among them 50 o o 

Juftices of Oyer and Determiner in parks 
and forcfts -f-. 

FromTrentjfouthward; fee, 100 o o 
FromTrent,northward; fee, loo o o 

* Mafter Sir William Cecill, 

-f This chapter is added from a IMS. of Dr. Knight. 

K k Mafter 



49 


10 


8 


ID 








16 

n 



6 


4 
8 


6 


I 


'8 





I 


8 


5 








I 









250 QJJEENELIZABETH's ANNUAL EXPENCE, 

t. s. 3, t. s. d. 



Mailer of the requefts, 2 j 
fee to each, 1 00 o 

And their diet in the court. 



Clarke of the White Hall. 
No fee of the king. 



An account of all the offices, salaries, fees, and PERQiriSITES, OF HER MAIES- 

TiEs Household, Privy-Chamber, Jewel-house, Robes, Bed-chamber, Guards, 
Pantry, Cellar, Ewry, Acatery, Amner, WaF£RY, Chapel, &c. 



t. s. d. 
The Qucene's Court or Howfehold, with 
the fees and allowances to the officers and 
minifters there. 



The lord great mafter ; fee 


i. 


s. 


d. 


and a table furnifked for lords, 


200 








Earl marfliall ; fee. 








Treaforcr; fee. 


12,3 


H 





And a table. 








Controler ; fee. 


167 


14 





And a table. 








Cofferer -, fee. 


100 








And a table. 








Principal fecretarie, fee. 


IQO 








And a table. 








Secretarie in the Latin 








tongue ; fee, 


40 








And a table. 








Secretarie in the French 








tongue ; fee, 


66 


13 


4 


Chauncellor of the Garterj. 








fee. 








And a table on St. George's 








daye. 


100 








Clarks of the Signet, 4 ; 








fee apeece, 


5 








Clark of the counfell in the 








Starre Chamber; fee. 


2.6 


13 


4 


Clarke Controller in the 








Queene's howfe ; fee, 


50 








Clarks of the Parliament, 2; 








To the one. 


40 








To the other. 


10 








Clark of the maikett ; fee, 


20 











50 










40 





0. 


Z 










18 


5 







24 


3 


4 



}. s. d. 

Clarks of the Privie Coun- 
fell, 4; fee apeece^^ 
Poftmafler ; fee. 

Thirty {landing pofls 
pointed by the mafter j 
apeece. 

Curriers, 2 ; to one. 

To the other, 12 o o 

The Privie Chamber. 

Lord Chaniberlaineifee,marks 200 o o 
And a table. 

Vice Chamberlaine; fee,, 
marks, 100 0.0 

And a table. 

4 knights ; Tee apeece, 50 

KnightMarlhall; fee,raarks, 100 

Gentlemen of the Privie 
Chamber, 18; fee apeece, 50 © o 

Gentlemen Ufhers ■'^ of the 
Privie Chamber, 5 ; fee apeece, 30 

Groome porter ; fee, 2 

And a lyvery gowne, o 

Groomes of the Privie 
Chamber, 14; fee apeece, 20 

Carvers, 4; fee apeece, 33 

Cupbearers, 3 -, fee apeece, 23 

Sewers to the Queene, 4 j 
fee apeece. 



o 
o 



13 
18 



o. 
o 



o 

4 

2. 

o 
8 

8 



33 6 8 



* Gent. Ufliers, John Morris, Jo. Manneringe,. 
E. Everard, Jo. Fraunckwel, Hen. Reraford, 



Squieis 



CIVIL AND MILITARY. 



Squiers to the body, 4; 

fee apeece, 

Yeomen ufliers, 4 ; fee 

apeece, 

Pages, 4 ; fee apeece, 
Melfengers, 4 : fee apeece 
Clarks of rhe cloffett, 2 j 

fee apeece. 



f, s. 

33 ^ 

.9 ir 

2 o 

26 13 



The Counting Howfe. 

Clarks, 4 ; fee apeece, 44 6 

Clark to the CofFerer ; fee, 20 o 

Yeomen ; fee, 5 o 

Groome ; fee, 213 

The Band of Pcncioners. 

Pencloners, 50 ; fee apeece, 50 o 
Standard bearer to the pen- 

cioners : fee, 66 13 

Clark of the Check; fee, 40 o 

The Guarde. 

Captaine of the guarde ; 
fee, o 

A govvne only, 1.4 

Yeomen of the guarde in 
ordinarie, 100; fee apeece, 
per diem, o 

Yeomen of the guarde ex- 
traordinarie, 50 ; no fee nor 
allowance of the Queene. 

Standard bearer, to the 
guarde; fee, marks 100 



o 
o 



8 
3 

o 
4 



8 
o 
o 

4 



4 
o 



o 
o 



Harbingers. 

Knight Harbinger ; fee, 
Harbingers, 4 ; fee apeece, 

Yeomen of the Crowne, 30 ; 
fee apeece. 

The Juel-howfe. 

The mafter ; fee, 
Yeoman ; fee, 
Groome J fee, 



50 o 

lO o 



o 
o 



50 o 
6 13 
2 13 



o 
4 
4 



The Robes. 

Yeoman ; fee, 
Groome ; fee, 
Page J fee. 

The Beddes. 

Marfhalls, 5 i fee apeece, 
per diem. 

Sewers, 4 ; fee apeece per 
diem, 

Surveiors, 2; fee apeece 
per diem. 

Yeomen, 2 ; fee apeece 

Groomes, 2 ; fee apeece. 

Page s, 2 ; fee apeece, 

Clark; fee, 

The Pantrey. 

Serjeant ; fee. 
Yeomen, 4 ; fee apeece, 
Groomes, 4 ; fee apeece, 
Clark ; fee. 
Pages, 2 ; fee apeece. 
Bread- bearer; fee. 

The Butterie. 

Yeomen, 4 ; fee apeece, 
Groomes, 4 ; fee apeece. 
Pages, 2 ; fe^ apeece, 

The Bottelles. 

Yeoman ; fee, 
Groome ; fee. 

The Seller. 

Serjeant ; fee. 
Yeomen, 7 ; fee apeece, 
Groome, ; fee apeece. 
Pages, ; fee apeece. 

The Kytchin. 

Mailer Gookes, i fee 
apeece, 
K k 2 



251 

}. s. d. 



500 

2 13 4 
200 



o o 7I 
o o 7| 



o o 

5 o 

2 13 

2 o 

14 o 



II 8 

5 ^ 

2 13 

6 13 
2 o 
I 10 



7f 
o 

4 
o 
o 



o 

4 
4 
o 
o 



500 
2 13 4 
200 



500 

2 13 4 



ll 



II 3 

500 

a 13 4 
200 



II 8 il 

■ Yeomen, 



252 



QUEEN ELIZABETH'S ANNUAL EXPENCE, 



s. 



Yeomen, 6 ; fee apeece, 5 o 

Groomes, 6; fee apeece, 2 13 
Pages (children) 8 ; fee 

aptece, 2 o 
Gallaptnes ; apparell for 

them of the hall, kytchin, 

and-piyvy kytchin, 50 o 
To the cookes" at Eafter ; 

1 armies, 6 13 

To the fcullerie ; larges, i o 

To the paltric; larges, 2 o 

Sufveior of the drefler ; feej 22 i 

The Ewrie. 

Serjeant; fee, 11 8 

Yeomen, 3 -, fee apeece, 5 o 

Groomes, 2 ; fee apeece, 2 13 

Pages, 2 -, fee apeece, 2 o 

Clarks, 3 ; fee apeece, 110 

The Back Plowfe. 

Serjeant; fee, 11 8 

Yeomen, 7 ; fee apeece, 5 o 

Groomes, 2 ; fee apeece, 2 13 
Conduits, ; fee apeece 

per diem, o o 



The Chaunderie. 

Serjeant; fee, 
Yeomen, 2 ; fee apeece, 
Groomes, 3 ; fee apeece. 
Pages, 2 ; fee apeece. 

The Larder. 

Serjeant; fee, 
Yeomen ; fee apeece, 
Proomes, 2 ; fee apefece. 
Gages, 2 ; fee apeece, 



1 1 

5 
2 

2 



II 8 

5 o 
213 
2 o 



o 
4 



4 
o 

o 
3 



o 

4 
o 



o 

4 



The Pytcher Howfe. 

Yeomen, 2 ; fee apeece, 500 

Groomes, 2; fee apeece, 2 13 4 

Pages, 2 ; fee apeece, 200 



o 
4 



4 

o 



t. s. d* 



The Boyling Howfe. 

Clark ; fee, 

Yeomen, 2 ; fee apeece, 
Groomes, 3 ; fee apeece. 
Pages, 2 ; fee apeece. 

The Acaterie. 

Yeomen purveyor of fait 
fifh; fee, 

Yeomen purveior of frefh- 
fiOi; fee. 

Yeomen purveiors of oxen, 
mutton, and veale, 7 ; fee 
apeece, 

Groomes, 4 ; fee apeece, 

Yeoman of the Storehoufe ; 
fee, 



Serjeants, 2 ; 
Yeomen, 2 ; 
Clark; fee, 
Groomes, 4 ; 
Children, 4 ; 



The Pafterie. 

fee apeece, 
fee apeece, 

fee apeece, 
fee apeece, 



II 

5 
6 

2 

2 



The Scullerie. 

Yeomen, 3 ; fee apeece, 
Groomes, 2 ; fee apeece. 
Pages, 2 ; fee apeece, 

The Landerie. 

One woman landre/Te ; fee. 
Yeomen, 2 ; fee apeece, 
Groomes, 2 ; fee apeece, 
PiigcSj 2 ; fee apeece, 



13 
o 

o 



40 o 
7 13 



7 13 

215 



8 

o 

13 



The Scalding Howfe. 

Yeoman ; fee, 11 8 

Groomes, 2; fee apeece, 2 13 

Pages, 2 ; fee apeece, 2 o 



4 

o 

4 

o 



4 

4 



o 

4 
4 



4 
o 



500 
2 13 4 
200 



10 o o 

500 

2 13 4 
a o o 



The 



CIVIL AND 

L s S. 



MILITARY. 



The Waferie. 



Yeoman ; fee, 
Groome ; fee, 
Clarke; fee. 



Amners. 



10 o o 
2 13 4 
6 13 4 



Gentleman amner ; fee, 11 8 i| 

Sub-amner ; fee, 6 16 io| 

Yeomen, 4 ; fee apeece, 500 

Groomes, 2; fee apeece, 2 13 4 

Chappel. 

Mafter of the children ; 
fee, 40 o o 

The children at high feads ; 
lardges, 9 19 4 

Allowance for their break- 
fafts, 16 o o 

Gentlemen of the chappel, 
32 ; fee apeece, 11 8 i| 



t. s. ct. 



The Woodyeard. 
Serjeant; fee, 11 8 i| 

Yeomen, 4 ; fee apeece, 500 

Groomes, 4; fee apeece, 213 4 

Pages, 2 ; fee apeece, 200 

Woodbearers, 2; fee apeece, i lo o 
Lardges to them att IVlid- 

fummer, and to the Groomes 

of the hall, 500 
Porters and fcourers, 6 ; fee 

apeece, 200 

Lardges to them at Ealler, 500 

Porters of the Court Gates. 
Yeomen porters, 3 ; fee 



apeece, 

Groomes, 3 ; fee apeece. 

Explicit aula regia. 



500 

2 13 4 



An account of all the offices, salaries, fees, and PERQj,asiTES, OF THE Master of 
THE Horse; Admiralty; Ordnance; Armory ; Queen's-barge ; Heralds; 
Mint; Revels; Works; Wardrobe; Tents; Harriers; Buck, Otter, and Hart, 
hounds; Music; Artificers; Chirurgeons ; Physitians; Astronomer; Sergeant- 
painter ; Library keeper ; Master of the Requests, 8ec. 



t. s. d. 
The Adrniralty. 

Lord High Admirall of 

Englande ; fee, 200 o o 

Vice Admirall ; fee, 100 o o 

Clarks, 2 ; the one perdiem, 010 

the otb.er per diem, 008 

Boat-hier, 10 o o 

Rvdingcotls per diem, o 10 o 
During his travel elUemed, 

130 1. 

Treaforer ; fee, - 66 13 4 

Clarks, 2 ; each per diem, 008 

Boat-hier, 800 



i. s. a-. 

Ptyding cofls per diem, 068 

efteemed, i2ot. 

Mafler of the Ordinaunce ; 

fee, marks loo o o 

Clarks, 3 ; each per diem, 010 

Boat-hier, 800 

Ryding cofts per dicra, 068 

■ elleemed i2ot. 

Coorrolcr; fee, 50 o o 

CIh! ks, ; each per diem, 008 

Boa her, 800 

K)dii g coft--, p-^r diem, 040 
eHeeiiicd yot. 

Surveior ; 



2S.4 



q^UEEN ELIZABETH'S ANNUAL EXPENCE, 



3 4 



4 
o 
o 
4 
4 



t. s. a. 

Surveior; fee, 40 o o 

Chirks, ; eche per diem, 008 

Boat-hier, 800 

Ryding cofts per diem, 040 

efteemed 70). 

Clark of the fliippes, alias 
dark of the navye ; fee, 33 6 8 

Boat-hier, 600 

Ryding cofts per diem, 
efteemed, 61. 6 s. 

Clark of the Storehowfe at 
Dart ford Stran.i ; fee, 

Clark, 

Viflualer of the navye; fee, 

Clark, 

Ryding cofts per diem, 

efteemed 7 t. 

Pilott to the navye j fee, 

The Ordnance. 

Mafter of the Ordnaunce ; 
fee, 

Clarks, 2 ; the one per 
diem, o i 

The other per diem, o o 

Ryding cofts per diem, 

Sur.veiour ; fee, 3^ 10 

Clark, 12 13 

Ryding cofts per diem. 

Keeper of the Great Store- 
howfe ; fee, 50 o 

Clark, 12 13 

Ryding cofts per diem, 

Keeper of the Small Store- 
howfe ; fee, 36 o 

Ryding charges per diem, 

Clark of the Great Store- 
howfe ; fee, 50 o 

Ryding cofts per diem, 

Clark of the Small Store- 
howfe; fee, 36 o 

Ryding cofts per diem, 

Ma.fter gunner of Eng- 
lande ; fee, 66 13 

Gunner foldiers, 2 ; fee, 
apcece per diem, o i 



32 16 

6 o 

58 o 

12 13 

o 3 
20 o 



151 II 



o 
8 

o 

4 



o 
4 



And eche a gunners roome, 
at, per diem, 

Gunner-fmyth ; fee per 
diem, 

And a gunners roome, at, 
per diera, 

Guneftonmaker ; fee per 
diem, 

And a gunners room, at, 
per diem, 

Sak-peter-raaker ; fee per 
diem. 

Carpenter; fee per diera, 

Engin or artificer; fee per 
diem, 

Inferior gunners or cannon- 
neers, 109; viz. 

Fifteen, per diem. 

Twelve, per diem, 

Eight, per diem. 

The reft, per diem. 



t. s. tt. 

008 

008 

006 

008 

006 

006 
008 

008 



010 

008 
006 
004 



The Queene's bardg. 
Man:er of the bardge ; fee, 16 



8 



Watermen attendant on the 

bardg, 25; one at, 18 i 8 

Another at, 618 

The reft apeece, ■ 200 

The Armorie. 

Mafter of the Armorie ; fee. 

For keeping the Armorie 
in the Great Gallery at Greene- 
wich, 66 13 4 

And in the rent uppon cer- 
tain gardens at Tower-Hill, 
London. 

Lokfmyth ; fee. 

Laborer; fee, 

Gyrdler; fee, 

Brigander ; fee, 

Inferior armorers to the 
nomber of 20, fcrving alfo at 
Greenwich; one at, 36 o o 

Five, at 20 i 4 

Three, 



15 12 
10 o 
10 o 
10 o 



o 
o 
o 
o 



CIVIL AND MILITARY. 



^55 



40 



20 



13 6 8 



10 



Three, at 
The reft apeece, 
Lyverye among them. 
Ordinary charges. 

Officers at Arms, 

Kynges at armes, 3 ; Gar- 
ter principal kinge at armes ; 
fee. 

The other two ; Claren- 
cieux and Norroy; fee apeece, 

Kinges herraulds, 7 * ; fee 
apeece, 

Purlevants at arme?, 4-f-; 
fee apeece. 

Sergeants at armes, 25 ; fee 
apeece, 

Banner bearer ; fee. 

Standard bearer ; fee. 

The My ate. 

Mafter, or Treaforer ; fee, 
Comptroler; fee, 
Aflaye mailer ; fee. 
Auditors; fee, 
Allowance for paper and 

parchment. 

Tellers of moneys^; fee- 

apeece, 33 6 8 

Surveiors of the melting- 

howfe, ; fee apeece, 26 13 4 

Clark of the irons; fee, 13 6 8 

Clark of the mynte; fee, 10 o o 

Cheefe graver; fee, 30 o o 

Cheefc fyner ; fee, 10 o o 

Melters, 3 ; fee apeece, ' 13 6 8 
Synker of irons ; fee, 10 o o 

Branchars, 2 ; fee apeece, 13 6 8 
Purveior ; fee, 10 o o 

♦ Heralds, Windfor, Richmond, York, Cheiler, 
Somerfet, Lancafter, and one more. 

+ Purfevants, Rouge Dragon, Rouge Crofle, Port- 
tullis, Blewmantle. 

X William Wightman, teller. 



t, s. d. 

15 o o Potmaker ; fee, 

926 Porter ; fee, 

32 10 o Dyet to all the forfaide of- 

900 ficers of the mynte, weekly. 

The Revells. 



f. 


s. 


a. 


10 








10 









1 10 



18 


5 





100 








100 








100 








66 


13 


4 


66 


13 


4 


44 


6 


8 



ID 



The mader ; fee, 

Yeoman ; fee. 

Matter of requefts ; fee. 



100 

9 



o o 
2 6 



o 
o 
o 

o 

18 

9 

18 



18 



I 8 
I 8 
o 6 



3 

8 

2 

5 
I 



4 
I 

6 

o 
o 



The Queenes Works*. 

Surveior and paymafter ; 
fee, per diem, 

Boat-hier, per diem, 

One dark, per diem, 

Expences in ryding, per 
diem, 

Conrroler; fee, 

Clarke, 

Boat-hier, 

Riding chardges per diem, 

Clarke engroller of the paye 
book ; fee, 

Purveior; fee, together with' 
chardges for a horfe, at i2d:. 
per diem,. 24 6 8 

Keeper of the Storehowfe; 
fee per diem, o 

Clark of the check ; fee 
per diem, o 

Carpenter ; fee, 18 

Plummer ; fee, 18 

Mafon; fee, 18 

Joyner ; fee, 19 

Glazier; fee, 36 

Surveior of the mynes ; fee, 36 
Devifor of the buildinges ; 
fee, ^6 



o 2 

o 10 
5 o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 



5 

5 

^9 

10 

10 

10 



The Great Wardrobe. 



The mafter ; fee, 
Lyverie, 



100- o o 
15 o o 



* Clark of the earolracnt ; fee per diem, lod. 

CJarks^,. 



^5 5 



QUEEN ELIZABETH'S ANNUAL EXPENCE, 



CI arks, 2 ; fee apeece, 
Porter ; L-e, 
Rent-gatherei:; fee, 
Taylors, 4 ; fee apeece, 
Skynner ; fee, 
Embroiderers, 3; fee apeece, 



i. 

4 
6 

5 

9 
iS 

18 



s. 
6 
I 
o 
2 
5 
5 



The Burlerage of Englande. 

Cheefe butler ; fee, marks 50 
Annnyty annexed to the 
faid office. 



Buck howndes. 

Mafter -f~ ; fee, 50 

Whereof to hlmfelf per 
diem i2d. and the red to fun- 
dry huntfmen ferving his ap- 
pointment. 

Serjeants, 2 ; fee apeece, 20 

Yeoaien prickers, 2; fee 
apeece, 9 

Howndes, and nr.eat to the 
groomes of the back houndes, 
allowance, 13 

* Sir Henry Nevill. 

f John Earl of Warwick. 



d. 

8 
8 

o 
6 

o 
o 



t. s. d. 



The Tentes. 








The mafter ; fee. 


30 








Controler ; 


12 


^3 


4 


Clarke ; fee, 


13 


6 


8 


Keeper of the tentes ; fee. 


10 








Yeoman ; fee, 


9 








Groome ; fee, 


3 








Maftcr of the reqaefts ; 








fee. 


10 








Huntinge Harriers. 








Mailer of the harriers * ; 








fee, 


II 


1^ 





Yeomen ; fee. 


6 








Officers and others ferving 








unto the faid mafter ; wages 








and allowances, 


79 


I 


8 



6 8 



Hart-houndes, 

MaflerJ; fee, 

Serjeant ; fee. 

Officers and others ferving 
the faid mailer, wages and 
allowaunce, 



1 1 



13 



Orter Howndes 



Mafter; fee. 



Muficians and Player; 

Serjeant trompetier ; fee, 
Trompetters, 1 6 ; fee apeece. 
Players on the lute, 2 ; 
fee apeece. 

Singers, 8 ; fee apeece. 
Allowance to fix children 
for finging, 

Harpers, 2 ; fee apeece. 
Rebeck ; lee, 

Mynftrells, 9 ; fee for two 
apeece, 

The refl by the year apeece, 
Sagbuts, 6 ; fee apeece, 
Violls, 8 ; fee apeece, 
Drumfteds, 3 ; fee apeece, 
Fluters, 2 ; fee apeece, 
Virginall players, 3 ; fee 
apeece, 

Mufitian {Iraingers, 7 ; where- 
of to four brethren, Vene- 
tians, among them, 
To the other three. 
Players of encerludes, 8 ; 
fee apeece, 

MakciS of inftruments, 2; 
To one. 
To § the other, 

J Francis E. of Huntington. 
^ Bagpiper; fee, 12I. 3s. 
Organ maker ; fee, 20]. 
Kigali maker J fee, lOl. 



30 



I| 



6 8 



15 6 8 



40 

24 



6 



8 


19 

6 


13 




4 


50 








19 
28 


5 
6 



8 


24 
18 

21 


6 

5 
6 


8 


8 


20 








18 


5 





iS 


5 






83 


6 8 


3 


6 8 


20 





10 






Artificers 



CIVIL AND MILITARY. 



^37 



I. s. 

Artificers In paye with her Majeflic. 

Stacioner ; fee, 

Printer ; fee, 

Cutler; fc^e. 

Weaver; tee, 

Whcelewright ; fee, 

Crofbow-m.iker ; fee, 

Coatch-maker ; fee, 

Shipwright ; fee, 

Clockmaker; fee. 

Budget-maker ; fee, 

Feather drefler; fee, 

Lockfaiyth ; fee. 

Arrow-head-maker ; fee. 

Bucket-maker; fee, 

Hand-gun-maker, fee. 

Graver of ftones ; fee, 
- Maker of hearb-bowres, 
and planters of trees ; fee, 

Stillers of waters * ; fee, 

Bowyeer ; fee, 

Fletcher ; fee, 
, Clock -keeper ; fee, 

Mafler of the Horfe. 

The raafter himfelft, for 

his owne entertaineraent ; 

fee, marks looo o 

And a table furniflied for 

the lords. 

And thefe offices ia his 

guift. 

Cheefe avenor; fee, 40 o 

Efquires, 14; fee apeece, 20 
Riders, 6 ; fee apeece, 30 ° 

Foote-men, 16 ; fee apeece, 20 *^ 

* John Fraunckwell and his wife. 
t TheE. ofElTex. 



d. 



26 


13 


4 


40 








6 


I 


S 


9 


2 


6 


18 


f 






6 


I 


8 


10 








18 







18 








6 


I 


8 


13 


6 


8 


12 


13 


4 


6 


I 


8 


3 


I 


8 


24 


6 


8 


20 








25 








40 








9 


2 


6 


9 


2 


6 


12 


13 


4 



o 
o 
o 
o 



Coatch-men, 4 ; fee a])cece, 

IJttermen, 6 ; fee apeece, 

Clark of the flable ; fee 
per diem, 

Surveiors, 3 ; fee apeece 
per diem, 

Sergeant of the cariadges ; 
fee per diem, 

Sadlers, 3 ; fee per diem, 

Yeomen purveiors, 4 ; fee 
per diem apeece, 

Yeoman of the ftyrop ; fee 
per diem. 

Yeomen granators, 3 ; fee 
apeece per diem, 

Serjeant farriar, fee per 
diem, 

Yeomen farriars, 3 ; fee 
apeece per diem. 

Yeoman of the raayle ; fee 
per diem. 

Yeomen bitmakers, 4 ; fee 
apeece per diem, 

Yeoman of the clofe cart ; 
fee per diem, 

Groomes, 64 ; fee apeece 
per diem. 



Other Rewards and Allowances. 

Chlrurgions, 6 ; 

To two apeece, 60 o 

To two apeece, 30 o 

To two apeece, 20 o 

Phificians, 3 ; fee apeece, lo o 

Apothecaries, 3 ; fee apeece, 26 13 

Aftronomer ; fee, 20 o 

Serjeant paynter and other 

to his appointment ; fee, loo o 

Keeper of the libraries; 

fee per diem, o 6 

Mailer of requells ; fee, 100 o 



t. 


s. 


er. 


18 


5 





10 














1 1 








1 1 





I 










9 








9 








9 








9 





I 


I 








6 








S 








4 








7i 





I 






o 
o 
o 
o 

4 
o 



8 

o 



t ] 



AN 



afS 



Q^UEEN ELIZAB'ETH's ANNUAL EXPENCE, 



AN ACCOtTNT OF ALL THE OFFICES, SALARIES, FEKS, AND PERQUISITS, OF ALL THE CAP- 
TAINS, OFFICKRS-,' ANn SOLUfliRS, HAVING CHARGE OF HER MAJESTIES TOWNS Of WARjk 
C.VSILfcS, BULWARKS^ AND FOFLTRESSES, THROUGHOUT THE KINGDOM. 



Hlgliam Bulwark, com. Kancie. 

Cheefe captaine, his wages; 1. s. i\, 
yb.. for himfelf, 2 foldiers, 
I porter, and 4 groomes ; 
-in a]!, 28 2 6 

MUton Bulwark, com. Kancie. 

Capraine, bis wages; viz. 
for himfelt', 2 foldiers, i por- 
ter and 5 groomes; in all, 91 5 o 

Gravefend Bulwark, com. Kancie. 

Captaine *, his wages ^ viz. 
for 2 foldiers, i porter, and 
5 groomes; in all, 91 5 o 

Sandhill CaRle, com. Kancie. 

•Captaine, his fee ; viz. for 
liimfelf, 5 foldiers, i under 
captaine, 2 porters, and 10 
■gunners; in all, 200 15 o 

The Turfe. Bulwark, near the cadld of 
f. j* Sandwich, in com. Kancie. 

Cfdpt^ihe, his fee ; viz. for 
himfelf, 2 foldiers, and 2 gun- 
ners ; in all, 43 12 6 

, .Sandown Caftle, com. Kancie. 

Captaine ■f, his fee; viz. 
for himfelf, 5 foldiers, 1 under 
•captaine, 2 porters, 8 gunners 



/H^ George Befant, Capt. 

"'fj- William Windbancke, Capt, 



142 10 



i 



Deale Caftle, com. Kancie. 

Captaine ;|;, his fee; viz. f6r t. s. ^ 
himfelf, 8 foldiers, i under 
captaine, 16 gunners, 298 i S 

Walmer Caftle, com. Kancie. 

Captaine §, his fee ; viz. 
for himfelf, 5 foldiers, i under 
captaine, 10 gunners, 200 5 dp 

Dover Caftle, com. Kancie. 

Lord warden of the Cinque 
ports, conrtable of the Caftle ; 
fee, 100 00 

With the profits therof for 
maintenaunce [J. 

The Clyft' Bulwark at Dover, com. Kantic» 

The captaine**, his fee; 
viz. for himfelf and i man, 27 7 6 

Camber Caftle hear Rie, cOm. Suffex. 



020 
006 
o 06 

006 



Captaine -'p-}- ; fee per 
diem. 

Porter; fee per diem. 
Soldiers, 9 ; le peece. 
Gunners, 1 7 ; le peece, 

X Peter Havvard, Capt. 

^ Havvkes, Capt. 

II Richard Bartie, Lieut. Thomas Parker, of the 
mote buhvarke under theeaftle, 

*'^ John Barbie, Capt. of ArcklifFe bulwark at Do- 
ver peare, and of the towne of Fowlflone. 

f j Thoinai V/ilford, Capt. 



CIVIL AND MILITARY. 



^5* 



Eaft Tylbui'y Bulwark, com. Effex, 

t. s. 3. 

Captaine ; fee per diem, o i o 

Porter ; fee per diem, 006 

Soldiers, 4 ; fee per diem 

apeece, 006 

Gunners, ; fee per diem 

apeece, 006 

Weft Tylbury Bulwark, com. EfTex, 

Captaine ; fee per diem, 010 

Porter ; fee per diem, 006 

Groomes, 5 ; fee per diem, 006 

Soldiers, 2 ; fee-per diem, 006 

Harwich Bulwark. 

Captaine ; fee per diem, 014 

Lieutenant ; fee per diem, 01 o 

Porter, 008 
Gunners, 4 ; foldiers, 2 ; 

fee apeece per diem, 006 

Harwich Middle Bulwarke. 

Captaine; fee per diem, 014 

Lieutenant ; fee per diem, 010 

Porter ; fee per diem, o o 8 
Gunners, 4 ; foldiers, 2 ; 

fee apeece per diem, 006 

The Towne Bulwark at Harwich, 

Captaine; fee per diem, 014 

Lieutenant ; fee per diem, o 1 o 
Gunners, 7 ; foldiers, 2 ; 

fee apeece per diem, 006 

Fortrefs called Windmill Bulwark, and 
Chadderfton's Bulwark, near Ponfmouth, 
com. Southampton. 

Captaine, fee per diem, 009 

Mariners, 8 ; foldiers 2 ; 
fee apeece per diem, 006 

The Towne of Portefmouth *. 
Cunners appointed within 



the faid towne, 3 ; fee apeece i. s. tt. 
per diem, 006 

The Bulwark of Sparks makinge. 

Gunners maintained there 
alfo, 3 ; fee apeece per diem, o 'o 6 

The Fortrefs of Weflov/. 

Captaine ; fee per diem, ore? 

Porter ; fee per diem, 008 
Gunners, 6 ; foldiers, 2 ; 

fee apeece per diem, 006 

Callhot Poynt Caftle. 

Captaine f; fee per diem, o i o 

Under-captaine; fee per diem, o o 8 

Porter ;.. fee per diem, 008 
Soldiers, 4; gunners, 8; 

fee apeece per diem, 006 

The Caftle called le Hurft. 

Captaine j ; fee per diem, o i 8 

Under-captaine ; fee per 
diem, 010 

Mafter gunner and porter; 
fee apeece per diem, 006 

Gunners, 11; foldiers 10 ; 
per diem, 006 

New-Caftle at St. 4Andrews poynt. 
For the waf^es of one cap- 
taine and other ^foldiers there 
yearly §. ' §5 3 4 

The towne and ifle of Portefmouth, and the 
New CalUc there. 

Captaine [, ; fee per dicin, o 10 o 

Souldiers, 20 ; fee among 
them per dicir., 013 4 

* The new eaile of Suficx, Capt.- ' 

f James Perl.infon, Capt. 

t Thcni33 Caiye, Capt. 

§ Ilarrifon, C'npt. . 

11 Sii- Edward Korfeye, Capt. 

I- 1 2 . Sand- 



26o 



C^UE£N ELIZABETH'S ANNUAL EXPENCE, 



t. s. et. 
Sandham Cafile and Bay. 

Captaine;, fee per diem, 040 

Under-captaine ; fee per 
diem 020 

Matter gunners, 2 ; fee 
apcece per diem, 008 

Porter ; fee per diem, 008 

Gunners, 7; foldiers, 13; 
fee apeece per diem, 006 

South- fea Caftle at Portefmouth. 

Captaine ; fee per diem, 020 

XJnder-captaine ; fee per 
dkm, Q I o 

Potters, 2 ; 

The one per d?em, 008 
The other per dicra, 006 

Matter gunner-, fee per diem, 008 

Gunners, 14; foldiers, 11 ; 
one day-watch ; fee apeece 
pec diem, 006 

The He of Wight, Hampfhire. 

Captaine, fteward and re- 
ceaver of all the poflTeffions in 
the faid ile ; fee per annum, 2000 

Men under him, 3 ; fee 
apeece, 926 

The two Porilandes,. com. Dorfet. 

Captaine*; fec> 24 <5 8 

Porters, 8 ; 

To v.vo per diem apeece, 008 

To fix per diem apeece,. 006 

Gunners, 6 ; 

To two per diem apeece, o q 8 

To four per diem apeece, 006 

Soldiers, 3 ; fee apeece per 

diem, 00 6 

St. Mofe, com. Cornubie. 

Captaine ;. fee per diem, 010 

Servaunts, 2 ; fee apeece 
.per diem, q o 6 

* John Lewfor^Capti 



Deputle to the faid cap- 
taine; fee per diem, 008 

Under him one fervant ; fee 
per diem, 006 

Porter ; fee per diem, 008 

Sandall Cattle, com. Ebor^ • 

Under-captaine, and deputy 
to the under conftable, and 
tteward there ; fee per diem, 014 

One fecvant ; fee per diem, 006 

Tynmouth Caftle, Northumberland. 

Matter gunner ; fee per 
diem, 008 

Inferior gunners, 6 ; fee per 
diem apeece, ■ 006 

The Cittadel of CarlieF, com. Cumberland* 

Footmen, 8 ; 

To 2 per diera, 008" 

To 6 per piem, 006 

Gunners, 6 ; fee apeece per 
diem, 006 

The captaine ; fee per 
diem, 014 

Gunners, 6 ; fee apeece per 
diem, o o 6- 

The Eatt, Middle Marches againft Scotland. 

Warden ; fee, marks 500 o o 

Other officers, called war- 
den fergeants, 2 ; fee apeece, 40 o o 

Deputies under the warden, 
2 ; fee apeece,. 20 o q 

The Wctt, Middle Marches. 
Warden -i~ ; fee, marks 500 o o 

t The fakJ warden hath by indenture the demeaf-- 
nes of PenFith, Sovvefton, and other lands in Cuin^ 
berland, for the yearly rent of 44I. 2 s, 54. |; 
and is bound by the laid indenture to difcharge the 
Queen of all fees and other charges, 

Captaine ^. 



CIVIL AND MILITARY, 



261 



Captaine; fee, 
Howlhold fervants, 40 ; 
fee apeece, 

Marfliall, fee and allowance, 
Treaforer ; fee. 
Soldiers, 16 ; 12 at, 
4 at. 



The Ifland of Garnefey. 

Captaine; no fee nor allow- 
ance of the queene, but 
the revenewes of the ifland 
for the maintenaunce of the 
fame. 

The Ilande of Jarfey. 

Captaine; no fee nor allow- 
aunce, but the revenewes of 
the ifland for maintenaunce 
thereof. 

The Ilande of Sclllcy. 

Captain ; fee, 81 

Together with the reve- 
newes of the iland for main- 
tenaunce. 

Barwick. 

The lord governour ; fee, 
Marfhall ; fee, 
Treaforer ; fee. 
Gentleman porter; fee, 
Chamberiaine, fee, 
Mafter of the ordinaunce; 
fee, 14 6 



I. 


s. 


d. 


66 


13 


4 


6 


13 


4 


1S8 


6 


8 


100 








iz 


13 


4 


6 


U 


4 



666 


13 


4 


260 








260 








184 


»3 


4 


94 


13 


4 



Mufler mafler or controler 
of the check ; fee. 

The maior and other officers 
attendant on the lord gover- 
nor ; fee, 

Conflables, 8 ; fee, 

Horfemen, 80 ; fee, 

Captaines, 8 ; 

Their officers and foldiers in 
all, men 500 ; fee. 

Footmen, 42 ; fee, 

Clarks of the watch, z. 
trnmpetcors and 2 groomes ; 
fee, 

Ivlafler gunner ; fee. 

Gunners of the old ordi- 
nance, 28 ; fee. 

Gunners of the great ordi- 
nance, 42 ; fee, 

Pencioners by patent during 
lyfe, 2 ; fee, 

Pencioners, 2 ; upon the 
death of other pencioners, de- 
terminable fee. 

Other pencioners, 57 ; fee, 

Chirurginns, 2 ; fee, 

A fupply unto the garrifon ; 
fee, 

Artificers in the office of the 
ordinance ; fee, 

More to the lord gover- 
nour, p^id him yearly out of 
the Exchequer, for his. vvar- 
denry of the Eaft- Marches; 
fcej 



64 



120 
1020 



5904 
287 



73 
40 



284 



3S0 



40 

29 
1163 

78 
2998 



Sv d. 
o o 



o o 

13 4 

o o 



II 4. 

17 6' 



13 4 

o o 

o o 

o o 

o o 



13 4 

10 o 

10 o 

o 

19 o 



420 © cr 



AK 



loa 



QUEEN ELIZABETH'S ANNUAL EXPENCE^ 



AN ACCOUNT ON ALL THE OFFICES, SALARIES, FEES, AND FERCVUISITS, FOR KEEPING OP 

THE Tower; and all other the Queen's Palaces, Castles, Houses, Forests, 
a^^dChases, within the Realm. 



The Towre. 

Ccnflable •, fee, 

Eieutenimt ; fee, 

Poner; fee, 

Yeomen waigliters or war- 
dens, 30 ; fee apeece, 

Keeper of the Lyons and 
other firainge beads; fee. 

Carpenter ; fee. 

Keeper of the wardrobe; 
fee, 

The Fleete-. 

Warden l<eeper ; fee, by 
cdate of inheritaLince, 

TVeftmhifter. 

Keeper of the pal ace ; for 
Iveeping the howfe and gar- 
dens ; fee. 

For keeping of the great 
wardrobe ; fee. 

For keeping the new or- 
-ch5?.rde ^ fee. 

For chardges in making 
=cleane the garden ; fee, 

For the Conye-yarde-, fee. 

For Maribone parke ; fee, 

For Hyde- parke -, fee, 

For exercifmg the faid of- 
:iice; fee. 

For his neceffariesand cofts; 
fee, 

..Surveior of the works ; 
fee, ' 

peeper of the pondes ; fee^ 



L s. <t. 



100 o o 

200 o o 

926 



36 14 

12 13 
12 1^ 



6 

4 



19 4 3 



IS 5 

15 4 

9 2 



12 13 4 

18 5 o 

12 13 4 

12 13 4 



12 13 
17 .3 



18 
10 



A 
4 

o 
o 



Keeper of the P.nke, Ten- 
nys Court, and Phefaut Courte; 
fee, 

St. James. 

Keeper of the howfe and 
orchard ; fee, 
Gardiner ; fee, 
Keeper of the park ; fee, 

Maribone. 

Keeper of the howfe, Co- 
vent Garden, and the woodesj' 
fee, 

Lieutenant of the chafe, 

Harapton-courte. 

Keeper of the howfe ; fee. 
Keeper of the parke ; fee. 
Paler of the parke ; fee. 
Keeper of the orchard ; 

fee, 

Gardiner ; fee, 

Walker about the pales of 

the chafe ; fee, 

H3'de-parke. 
Keeper of the parke ; fee, 

Sion ; Middlefex. 

Keeper of the houfe, orch- 
ard, and gardens ; fee. 



t. s.'i. 



12 13 4 



12 13 

9 a 



10 
10 



o 
o 



6 13 
6 I 



10 
8 



4 
b 



o 
o 



4 
\i 
8 

o 
8 



12 13 4 



Chelfey, Middlefex. 
Keeper of the howfe ; fee, 618 
I Gardiner^ 



CIVIL AND MILITARY, 



Gardiner ; fee. 



I s 



Waltham Forrefl, Effex, 

I ieutenant; fee, 12 

Kainger ; fee, 9 

Keepers, 8 ; fee apeece, 1 1 

Haverlnge at Bower, Effex, 

Keeper of the parke ; fee, 4 

Keeper of the howfe ; fee, 3 

Fayry-parke, EHex. 
Keeper of the parke ; fee, g 

Hartforde. 

Coneftable of thecaflleifee, 2 
rorter ; fee, 2 

St. Albone's, Hartfordfliire. 
Keeper of the howfe.; fee, 6 



Keeper of the orchard, 
.garden, and pondes ; fee. 
Keeper of the parke ; fee, 
jveeper of the goale ; fee, 
Rainger of the forrell with- 
in St. Albone's liberty ; fee. 



9 
6 

II 



s. &. 
I 8 



o o 

2 6 

3 4 



II 3 
o o 



2 6 



o o 
o o 



1 E 

2 6 
I 8 

o o 



10 o o 



Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk. 

Keeper of the howfe; fee, 10 

Keeper of the goale ; fee, 6 
Keeper of the greene gate 

of the late monaflery ; fee, 2 

Fremynghara, Suffolk, 
Keeper of the caflle ; fee, 6 

Clare, Suffolk, 



3 4 
13 4 

o o 



Keeper and condable of the 
vCaflle i fee, 

Norvviche. 

Keeper and conflable of the 
caftle.j fee, 



6 






•000 



263 

t. s. d^. 



Rifinge, Norfolk. 

Rainger of the game ; fee, 
Walkers of the chaife, 2 ; 
fee apeece, 

Eltham; Kent. 

Keeper of the howfe and 
parkes; fee, 
Gardiner; fee, 
Surveior ; fee. 



4 II 



2 I 



13 13 

II II 

6 I 



3 

4 



4 
4 
8 



Quinborwigh, ICent- 
Keeper of the caftle; fee, 29. 



Greenwiche, Kent, 

Keeper of the manor of 
Pleafauncc [PlacentiaJ j fee, 

Gardiner ; fee, 

Keeper of thewardrobe; fee,. 

Keeper of the orchard, new 
lodg, and gardens ; fee, 

Ottforde; Kent» 

Keeper of the howfe, gar- 
den, and woods ; fee. 



19 

7 

27 



iS 



4 

4 

5 



o 

2 
o 

o 



iB 16 8 



I 8 fe< 



Richmonde ; Surrey* 

Keeper of the howfe ; fee, 9 2 

Keeper of the orchard ; fee, 6 i 

Gardiner; fee, 4 n 

Keeper of the library ; fee, 10 .0 

Keeperof the wardrobe; fee, 9 2 

Keeper of the parke j fee, 4 n 
Keeper of Bagfhott parke ; 



3 
o 
6 



5 



Henly ; Surrey. 
Keeper of the forrefl j fee, 

Otelandes; Surrey. 

Xeeper of the howfe ; fee. 
Keeper of the Park ; fee,. 



6 



5 ^ ^ 
3 o I© 

Keeper 



264 a.U E E N E L I Z A y E T H's A N N U A L E X P E N C E, 





L s, J. 


Keeper of the garden and 




orchard ; fee, 


1226 


Keeper of the wardrobe ; 




fee, 


926 



Parrls-garden. 

Keeper of the queenes 
beares; fee, 

Keeper of the queenes maf- 
tyfs i fee, 

Petworth, SufTex. 

Conftable of the caflle; fee. 
Keeper of the howfe ; fee, 
Keeper of the Great parkj 
fee, 

Mader of the game ; fee, 



II 



21 



5 loi 



22 16 
2 o 



3 
18 



3 

o 

o 
6 



VVarberton and Halfe-naked : Suflex. 



Keeper of the mannor of 
Halfe naked and Goodwood ; 
fee, 20 o o 

Keeper of the wood and 
chafe of Warberton ; fee, 300 

Warwick. 

Keeper of the caftle ; fee, 10 o o 

Keeper of Sh- Guy of War- 
wick's fworde; fee, 300 

Porter of the caftle ; fee, 500 

Keeper of the warren ; fee, 318 

Keeper of the garden called 

the vineyards ; fee, 300 

Kenelworth, Warwickfhire. 

Condable of the caftle and 
"keeper of the park ; fee, 16 i 4 

Keeper of the woods with 
the forreft ; fee, 4113 



Nun-Eaton, Warwickfhire. 

4 12 



Receaver, bayly, and keeper 
jqI the woods ; fee, 



Leicefler. 

Conftable of the caftle; fee, 

Checfe forrefter and keeper 
of the chafe ; fee, 

Keeper of the walles, alias 
waller (hip ; fee, 

Keeper of the Warren park; 
fee, 

To one of the keepers of 
Leicefter forreft ; fee. 



t. 

3 

5 
2 

2 

2 



?. 



o 
o 

5 
5 
5 



o 
o 



Huntington, Herefordftiire. 

Conftable of the caftle ; fee, 5 
Keeper of the parke ; 2 

Wigmore, Herefordftiire. 
Conftable of the caftle; fee, 13 4 

Beringwood, Herefordftiire. 

Keeper of the chafe ; fee, 6 2 

Keeper of the woods ; fee, 2 10 



o 
4 
4 
4 



o 
o 



6 

4 



Clifford, Herefordftiire. 
Conftable of the caftle ; fee, 411 6 

Kingfwood Copernhede, Herefordftiire. 
Keeper of the woods, 208 

Connock ; Staffbrdftiire, 
Conftable of the caftle j 



fee, 3 6 

Ranger of the forreft ; 
fee, 9 2 

Tutbury, Staffordftilre. 

Porter of the caftle ; fee, i 10 

Keeper of the woods and 
Barkley- Lodge within the 
chafe of Needwood ; fee, 6 13 



8 
6 



Bulllngbrook, 



C I V I L A N D 

J. s. d. 

Bulllngbrook, com. Lincoln. 
Porter of the caftle ; fee, 508 

Nottingham. 

Conftable and fteward of the 
caftic ; fee, lo o o 

Porter; fee, 500 

Newark; Nottinghamfliire. 

Conftable of the caftle ; 
fee, 6 13 4 

Porter ; fee, 500 

The honor of Tutbury and Duffyl Fort, 
com. Darbie. 

Steward of the honor of 
Tutbury, and mafter of the 
forreft and chafe of DufFyn 
i'rith i fee, 926 

Altham Pecham, com. Derb, 

Steward of the forreft and 
conftable of the caftle J fee, 18 S 8 

Caftle of Donnyngton, Leicefterlhire. 
Conftable of the caftle and 



MILITARY. 



26^ 
I. S. S. 



Porter ; fee. 


4 


11 


3 


Keeper of the gardens ; fee, 


6 


I 


8 


Surveior of the work within 








Cheftiire and Flint -, fee, 


6 


I 


3 


Mafter-raafon ; fee, 


S 


12 


4 


Mafter-carpcnter ; fee, 


9 


2 


6 



Scarborough; Yorkfliire. 
Keeper of the caftle -, fee, 16 o o 

Knareiborough, Yorklhire. 

Conftable and Steward of 
the caftle and lordftiip, and 
mafter of the game, within 
all the forrefts and chafes ; 
fee, 15 6 8 

Porter; fee, 6 i S 



t 



keeper of the park ; fee. 



6 8 



Melborne, Darbyihire. 

Conftable of the caftle, 
keeper of the parke, and 
baylyf of the lordfhipp; fee, 10 o o 

Halton, alias Hoak Caftle ; Cheftiire. 

Conftable of the caftle ; 
fee, 6 13 4 

Keeper of the park ; fee, 314 

Chefter. 
Conftable of the caftle ; fee, 6 13 4 



Hatfield, Yorkfliirc. 

Keeper of the howfe and 
parke, and mafter of the 
game ; fee, 618 

Pickering and Pickering-Lee, alias Lithe, 
Yorkftiire. 

Steward of the lordftiipp, 
conftable of the caftle, and 
mafter of the game, within the 
faid lordftiipp; fee, lo o o 

Rider ol' the forreft ; 308 

Winchefter ; Hantfliire. 
Keeper of the caftle; fee, 613 4 

New Forreft j Hantfliire. 
Bayly thereof ; fee, 926 

Feomantlc ; Hantfliire. 

Keeper of the park ; fee, 41-^ 3 

The herbage and pann^'ge ; 
fee, II 00 



M m 



Carclbrook 



*66 q^UEEN ELIZABETHS ANNUAL EXPENCE^ 



1. 



d. 



L 



s. 



3. 



Carelbrook in the Ifle of Wight. 

Conftable of the caftle ; 
fee, 12 I 8 

Keeper of the parke ; fee, 300 

Herbage and pannage. 



Parkehurft in the faiJ Ifiande. 

Rainger of the forreft ; 
fee, 6 13 

Forrefterj fee, 5 o 



4 

o 



Chrift-Church, Hanrlhire. 
Conflable of thecaflle; fee, 8 o 

Melcham, com. Wilts. 

Rainger of the forrefl: ; fee, 9 2 
Keeper of the park ; fee, 5^5 



Kingfwood Forreft, Glouceflerfliirc. 

Raingers, ; fee among 
them, 18 II 3 



St. Brianell's, Glouceflerfhire. 

Conftable of the caftle ; 
fee, 9 2 



Deane-ForeH:, Gloucederfliire. 

Rainger of the forreft ; fee, 
Beedle ; fee. 



9 2 
9 ^ 



Bridgwater, com. Sommerfet. 
Conflable of the caflle ; fee, 5 o 

Poulton, com. Sommerfet. 

Keeper of the howfe and 
park; fee, 6 i 

The Bathes, com. Sommerfet. 
Keeper of them ; fee, 6 i 



PUmton, com. Devon. 

Conflable of the caftle and 
bayly of the lordfhipp ; fee, 4 6 

Chettlehampton, com. Devon* 
Keeper of the parke j fee, 14 o 

Launcefton, com. Cornub. 

Conftable of the caftle j 
fee, 13 



6 8 



o 4 



Tremerton ; com. Cornub» 
Keeper of the caftle ; fee, 3 

Reftormel, com. Cornub. 

Conftable of the caftle and ' 
keeper of the park ; fee, 9 

With the herbage. 



The office of the Haven of the Dutchy of 
Cornwall. 



Havener; fee. 



6 13 4 



o 

2 
2 



o 
o 
6 
6 



Windfore, com. Barks. 

Conftable of the caftle ; fee, 20 

Lieutenant of the caftle 
and forreft ; fee, 10 

Keeper of the caftle keyes ; 
fee, 9 

Keeper of the great park ; 
fee, 1 2 

Porter of the utter gate j 
fee, 4. II 4 

Keeper of the leads ; fee, 3 o 10 

Clark of the caftle; fee, 926 

Keeper of the little park 
under the caftle ; fee, 618 

Mafter plummer of all the 
works in the caftle ; fee, 926 

Keeper of the garden under 
the caftle ; fee, 400 

Keeper 



€ I Y I L AND M I L I T A R Y. 



Keeper of the woods ; fee. 
Keeper of the butts ; fee, 
Rainger of the forreft ; fee, 
Poor knights of Windforo, 
lo ; fee apeece, 
And their howfes rent-free. 



t. s. d. 

3 O ID 

3 o lo 

9 z 6 

6 13 4 



Wood flock, com. Oxon. 

•Keeper of the pari< ; fee, 926 

Controler and Surveior ; fee, 6 i 

Gardiner; fee, 3 o 10 

Keeper of the meadow 1 fee, 254 



Ampthill, com. Bedford. 

Keeper of the manner howfe ; 
fee, ' 2 13 4 

Keeper of the great park' j 
fee, 4. o o 

With herbage and pannage, 15 o o 



Paler of the parke ; fee. 
Keeper &f the Httie park ; 
fee, 

Herbage and pannage, 



207 

h s. e. 
411 4 

400 
15 p o 



Stephingley, alias Preflly, com. Bedford. 

Keeper of the park and maf- 
ter of the game there ; fee, 400 

8 HighamFerreis,duc. Lane. com. Northampton- 



Keeper of the park and war- 
riner there j fee. 



4 10 



Foderinghara alias Foderinghaj', com. North- 
ampton., 

Conftable of the caftle; fee, 20 o o 
Porter i fee, 500 

Keeper of the park; fee^ 6 16 o 



AN ACCOUNT OF ALL THE QirEEN*S ShIPS OF WaR ; THE MUSTERS TAKEN IN 1574, AND 
1575 ; THE WARLIKE STORES IN THE ToWER AND. ABOARD THE N A V Y IN I578; THE 

CUSTODES ROTULORUM of every county in England and Wales : and the 

NAMES OF ALL THE ENGLISH FUGITIVES. 



The names of her Majefties Shippes, with 
the number of men and furniture requifue 
for the fetting forth of the fame. 

I. Tryumph. 

1. Men, 780; whereof, 

Marriners, 450. 
Gonners, 50. 
Soldiars, 200. 

2. Furniture; 

Harquebus, 250* 
Bowes, 50. 

Arrowes, flieevea of, lOo, 
Pikes, 200. (^ 

Corflets, 100. 

M m 2 



Marriners, 200. 
3. Burthen, 1000. 

II. Elizabeth. 

I. Menn, 6oo ; whereof, 

Marriners, 300. 

Gunners, 50. 

Soldiars, 200. 
2 Furniture; 

Harquebus, 200. 

Bowes, 50. 

Arrowes, fheeves of, lOw. 

Pikes, 280. 

Bills, 170. 

Marriners, 200. 



3. Burthen, 



268 CLU E E N E L I Z A B E T H's 

3. Burthen, 9C0. 

III. White Bear. 
1. Men, furniture, anS burthen, as the laft' 

IV. Viaory. 

1. Menn, 500^ whereof 

Marrincrs, 330. 
Gonners, 40. 
Soldiers, 160. 

2. Furniture ; 

Harquebus, 200. 
Bowes, ^o. 

Arrowes, iheeves cf, 80. 
Corflets, 80. 
Marriners, 160. 

3. Eurthei>, 800. 

V. Prirarofe. 

Men, furniture, and burthen, as the lafl:. 

VI. Mary-rofe. 

1. Men, g5o ; whereof 

Marriners, 2CO. 
Gonners, 30. 
So'diars, 120. 

2. Furniture ; 

Harquebus, 125. 

Bowes, 30. 

Arrovves, flieeves of, 60. 

Pikes, 100. 

Bills, 120. 

Corflets, 50. 

Mnrriners, 160. 

3. Burthen, 60c. 

VII. Hope. 

Menn, furniture, and burthen, as the hft. 

VIII. Bonaventure. 

I. Menn, 300; whereof, 
Marriners, 160. 
Gonners, 30. 
Souldiers, no. 



ANNUAL E X P E N- C E, 

2. Furniture ; 

Harquebus, no. 

Bowes, 30. 

Arrowes, fhecves of, 60. 

Pikes, 90. 

Bills, 100. 

Corflets, 50. 

Marriners, 100. 

3. Burthen, 6oj. 

IX. Philip and Marye. 
Menn, furniture, and burthen, as the laft. 

X. Lyon. 

1. Menn, 290; whereof, 

Marriners, 1^0, 
Gonners, 30. 
Soldiers, 1 10. 

2. Furniture and burthen, as the two laft, 

XI. Dreadnought. 

I. Menn, 230, whereof, 
Marriners, 140. 
Gonners. 2c. 



2. 



Souldiars, 80. 
Furniture ; 

Harquebus, 80. 



Bowes, 



25- 



Arrowes, flieeves of, 50, 
Pikes, 30. 
Bills, 60. 
Corflets, 40. 
Maniners, 80. 
3. Burthen, 400. 

XII. Swiftfurc. 

Menn, furniture, and burthen, as the laft. 

XIII. Swallowe. 

1. Menn, 200; whereof, 

Marriners, 120. 
Gonners, 20. 
Souldiars, 60. 

2. Furniture i 

Harquebus, 



CIVIL AND MILITARY. 



169 



Harquebus, 75. 
Bowes, 25. 

Arrowes, (heeves of, 50, 
Bills, 60. 
Corflets, 30. 
Marriners, 70. 
3. Burthen, 330. 

XIV. Antelope. 
Menn, furniture, and burthen, as the lad. 

XV. Jennetr. 
Mcnn, furniture, and burthen, as the two laft. 

XVI, Forefighf. 

Men and furniture, as the three lafl. 
Burthen, 300. 

XVIL Aide. 

1. Menn, 160 ; whereof, 

Marriners, 90. 
Gonners, 20. 
Souldiers ; 50. 

2. Furniture ; 

Harquebus, £0, 

Eowes, 20. 

Arrowes, flieeves of, 40. 

Pikes, 40. 

Bills, 50. 

Corflets, 20. 

Marriners, 50. 

3. Burthen, 240. 

XVIIl. Bull. 

1. Men, 120, whereof, 

Marriners, 10. 
Gonners, 10. 
Souldiars, 40. 

2. Furniture ; 

Harquebus, 35, 
Bowes, 15. 

Arrowes, flieeves of, 30. 
Pikes, 30. 
Bills, 40. 
' Corflets, 20. 



Marriners, 40. 
3. Burthen, i6c. 

XIX. Tiger. 
Menn, furniture, and burthen, as the laft. 

XX. Faulcon. 

1. Menn, 80; whereof, 

Marriners, 60. 
Gonners, 10. 
Soldiars, 20. 

2. Furniture; 

Bowes, lo. 
Harquebus, 24. 
Bowes, 10. 

Arrowes, fheeves of, 20, 
Pikes, 20. 
Bills, 30. 
Corflets, 12. 
Marriners, 24. 

3. Burthen, . . . 

XXI. Aibatcs. 

1. Menn, 60; whereof, 

Marriners, 30. 
Gonners, 10. 
Soldiars, 10. 

2. Furniture •, 

Harquebus, 16. 
Bowes 10. 

Arrowes, flieeves of, ao» 
Pikes, 20. 
Bills, 30. 
Corflets, 12. 
Marriners, 24. 
3.. Burthen, 80. 

XXII. Handmayd. 
Menn, furniture, and burthen, as the lallt 

XXIIL Barke of BuUen. 

I. Menn, 50 ; whereof, 
Marriners, 30. 
Gonners, 10. 
Soldiars, none. 

*• 2. FornitUFc; 



■0 Q^U E E N E L I Z A B E T ir s ANNUALEXPENCE, 



2. FiTnlture ; 

Marqiicrbu^, 12. 

Bowes, 10. 

Arrowcs, fheevcs of, 20, 

J-'ikes, 15. 

Bills, 20. 

Marriners, go. 

3. Burthen, 60. 

"XXIV. George. 

.1. Mean, 50; whereof, 

M.irriners, -^50. 

Gonners, 10. 

Sokliars, none, 
2. Fuini'.ure ; 

Harquebus, 12. 

JBowes, 10. 



Arro'A'cs, flieevec of, 20. 
Pikes, 15. 
Bills^ 20 
Marriners, 30. 

The Turn of all other, as well merchant 
Ihipps as other, in all places in England, of 
ibo tunns and upwards, 135. 

The fum of all bailees and fliippes of 40 
tunne and upwards to an 100 tunne, 656. 

There are befides, by eftiraation, 100 faile 
of hoyes. Alfo of Imall barkes and fiftiermen 
an infinite number. So as the number of 

through the real me cannot be Icffc 

than 600, befides London. 



THE MUSTERS TAKEN ANNis i574and 1575. 



Counties and cities. 


Able 


Armed 


Seleded 


Artificers and 


Demi- 


Light- 




men. 


men. 


men. 


pyoneers. 


lances. 


horfe. 


Cafnbridgeflilre, 


1000 




30 


, 


19 


2Z 


Cambridge, 


80 




20 








Cornwall, 


6600 




400 








ifle of Ely, 


600 




140 






66 


Derby (hi re. 


4000 




500 






66 


DevonlhirCj 


10000 












Exon, 


50a 


500 


lOGO 








Suffex, 


6099 


799 


600 


900 


II 


150 


Lincolne, 
Bofton, 


■60 GO 
III 


608! 
108J 


800 


1300-) 
85J 


12 


125 


Somerfeit, 


^000 


600 










Briftol, 


800 








20 


160 


Hertford, 


2500 


2500 


250 


1432 






St. Albon's 


434 


328 


80 


120 




^5 


VVorcefter, 


1850 


1850 










Norfolk, 


6130 


3632 




, 






Lynn, 


190 


100 






»8 


184 


Norwich, 


2120 


400 


2065 








Effex, 


1202 


4000 






6i\ 




Colcheller, 
z 


700 


264 






3/ 


139 

Salop, 





C I V I 


LAND 


MILITARY. 




471 


Counties and cities 


Able 


Armed 


Selefted 


Artificers and 


Demi- 


Light- 




men. 


men. 


men. 


pyon^ers. 


lances. 


horfe. 


Salop, 


2440 


1245 










Ludlow, 


50 


24 


24 


120 


2 


53 


Shrewfbury, 


554- 


100 










Wiltes, 


5000 


2197 


510 


173 


66 


94 


Sarum, 


Z2S 


160 


80 


34 






Leicelter, 


1260 


400 


400 


800 


4 


66 


Oxon, 


6170 


932 


400 


291 


2. 


66 


Oxford, 


300 


300 


80 








Middlefex, . 








- 


9 


73 


Dorfer, 


6247 


2348 










Poole, 


160 


100 


5<5 


ti 






Surrey, 


6000 


1800 






96 




Bucks, 


7253 




500 




12 


28 


Berks, 


1720 


1720 




335 


14 


88 


Kent, 


8960 


6000 


780 


880 


15 


787 


Bedford, 










8 


12 


Stafford, 
Lichefield, 


1500 
80 


562! 
46/ 


xoo 


30} 


7 


44 


Lancafter, 


6000 


3600 




600 


12 


90 


Hants, 


5889 


5889 


596 


1238 


4 


180 


Southampton, 


495 


420 










Winton, 


90 


66 










Yorkftiire, 


40187 


7160 


20CO 


3794 


8 


172 


Warwick, 


300 


978 




300 


16 


90 


Chefhire, 
Chefter, 


5000 
600 


9371 
120 J 


60 


189 






Herefordfliire, 


3552 


897 




463 




6i 


Hereford, 


260 


107 




10 




7 


Anglefey, 


372 










4 


Flint, 


500 


500 








50 


Denbigh, 


1000 


400 








50 


Mongomery, 


1000 


400 








47 


Merioneth, 


700 


300 








8 


Glamorgan, 


600 


200 








30 


Summa totalis 


182929 


62462 


II882 ■ 


1 256^3 2 


69 


2566 



An 



172 Q.UEEN ELIZABETH'S ANNUAL EXPENCE, 



24 
6 

5 



36 



/" 
11! 



An cftimate of the remaincs in the office 
of ordinance in 1578 (20 Eliz.), with the 
value in redy monie of the feverall tytles 
cnfuing, as well within the Tower of 
London, as abord the fliippcs. 

I. Remayning in the ftore within the Tower 

of London. 

Cannons, 18 

Cannon-pieces, i 

Demi cannons, 11 

Culverings, 8 

Demy-culverings, 20 

Sacres, 1 1 

Minions, 8 

Fawcones, 7 

Fawconcts, 20 

In all 104 

IL Remayning abord the fhipps. 

Cannon- peices, 

D'emi-canuons, 

Demi-cannoii peices, 

Culverings, 

Demi culverings, 

Sacres, 123 

Minions, 30 

Fawcons, 39 

Fawconets, 3 

Fowlers with 2 chambers apeece, 17 

And port pieces. 

In all 504 

All which do way, by eflimation, xiii. 
iiii^''- XV""''- vi'=- ii quarters waight. Which 
being rated 4I. the c. waight, with a m. 
ix'^- and 1k''- for their carriages : the fur- 
niture amounteih in monie to vii'"- vii*^- iiii'^^' 
yl !. 

All which pceccs aforefaid doe remayne as 
before, over and belidcs all thole that have 
becne uttered out of the itore from time to 
lime, for the fupplie of the fortes and callles 
along the fea coltes, and other her majelties 
places of flrength and fcrrice, by fundry 
warants from her majeftie and the counfell. 

HI. In the Tower. 

CrofTebacced and iron fhot, round, 

of feveral heightes, 47000 

4 



And ftone (hott for cannon-pieces, ' 
pott-pieces and fowlers. 4500 

In all 51500 

IV, Abord the fliipps. 

Iron (hotts, 1 00000 

Stone (hott, 1300 

In all 1013C0 

Amounting in monie ♦'o the fura of 5473 L 

V. Powder and ftuffe for powder in the 

Tower. 

Corne and farpentine powder, 55 laftes. 

Saltpeter, 1000 weight* 

Sulphire, 20000 weight. 

Corne and farpentine powder dimid. lafte. 

Amounting' in money to the fomme of 

-6617!. I OS. 

VI. Small gonns and artillerie, munitions, 

and rich weapons ; 

I. In the Tower. 



Calivers, 

I^agg.% 

Match, 

Bowes, 

Arrowes, 

Morrifpikes, 

Billes, 



7000 

5000 
60000 weight. 

8000 
160C0 (heeves. 

ICOCO 

350^ 



2. Abord the fhipps. 



Calivers, 

Match, 

Bowes, 

Art owes, 

Morrifpikes, 

Bills, 



320 

300 weight, 

3S0 

380 fheeves. 

460 

460 



3. In the Tower, rich weapons. 

Armed pikes, halberts, panizaunts, javelins, 

boare-fpears, pol-axes ; 
Amounting in money to 2300 L 

In all 18877! 13s. 4^. 
^«;»77Z^/o/^//jof the value of 308761. 13s 4a'. 
U'he remaines, 8876I. 13 s. 4d. 

The 



CIVIL A^ND MILITARY. 



The number of men appointed to be trayned 
up in every ftiire throughout the realme, 
anna 13H4. 



I. Cambridgefhire, 


180 


2. Town of Cambridge,. 


20 


3. CorncWall, 


200 


4. Ille of Wight, 


50 


3. Devon, 


400 


6. Kxeter, 


50 


7. Derbylhire and town of Derby, 


200 


8. Suflex. 


300 


9, Lyncohifhire, 


270 


10. City of Lyncoln, 


10 


11. Town of Bofton, 


20 


12. Somerfet, 


307 


13. Wells,. 


20 


14. Bath, . 


10 


15. Effex. 


380 


t6. Colchefter,. 


40 


17. VValden, 


20 


18. Harifordfhirsj 


80 


19. Sr. Albans, 


20 


20. Norfolk, 


380 


21. Norwich, 


80 


22. Lynn Regis.. 


20 


23. Yarmouth, 


20 


24. Wiltes, 


250 


25. Saruin, 


50 


26. I ficeflerfliirc, 


130 


27. Leicefter town. 


20 


28. Middkfex, 


100 


29. Oxfordihire, 


60 


30. Oxon, 


20 


31. Wood flock. 


20 


3-2..D>)rfet, 


140 


33. Poole,. 


20 


34. Surrey, 


150 


2,5. Bucks, 


• 200 


36. Berks, 


200 


37. Bed ford Qii re, 


1 40 


38. Town of Bedford,.. 


10 


39. Cojn. Stafford, 


180 


40. Lichfield, 


20 


41. Lancafnire, 


300 


42. Hants,, 


230 


43. Winton, 


20 


44. Southampton, 


50 



45. 
46' 

47- 
48. 

49. 

50- 
51- 
52. 

5Z' 
54- 
55- 
56. 

57- 
58. 

59- 
60. 
61. 
62. 

63- 
64. 

65. 

66. 
67. 
68. 
69. 
70. 

71- 
72. 

73- 
74- 

75- 
76. 

77- 
78. 

79- 
80. 

81, 

82. 

83- 
84- 
85. 
86. 
87. 
88. 
89. 
90. 



Yorkfliire, 

York and Kingflon y^/^r Hull, 

Beverlie, 

Warwickfliire, 

Coventry, 

Huntingdonlhire, 

Chefliire, 

Chefter, 

Worcellerlhire, 
Worcefter, 
Herefordfhire, 
Hereford, 
Shropfhire, 
Sal lop villa, 
Ludloe, 
Copi. Glouced. 
Brirtol, 

Gloucefler city,, 
Kent, 

Canterbury,. 
Sandwich, 

Northampton county and town, 
Staunford, 
Suffolk, 
Ipfwich, 
Burie, . 
Rutland, 
Weftmereiandj, 
Cumberland, 
Northumberland,. 
Durefme, 
Angiefey, 
Beaumarifli, 
Flynr, 
Denbigh, 
Mongomerie, 
Merioneth, 
Glamorgan,. 
Munmouth, 
Caernavon, 
Carmerthen, . 
Pembroke, 
Haverforde Weft;^ 
Cardigan, 
Radnor, 
Brccknocke, 
mn totalis, 



273 

490 
40 
10 

160 

40 

180 

iSo 

'10 

180 
20 

i3» 

20 

150 

40 

10 

no 

50 

40 

43.0 
30 

30 
170 

30 

230 

40 

3<^ 
40 



N^a 



35 
15 
50. 

50 

100 
100 

59 

S<> 

90 

10 
5^ 

50 

9.670 
Th&, 



274 



QJJEEt^"E-L12BETH's ANNUAL EXPENCE, 



The names of all the cuftodes rotukrum in 
every fliirc within England and Wales. 
Tev:pcre El'iz, regittcVy anno "vcro incerlo. 



I. 

2. 

3- 
4- 

5- 
t, 

7- 



Bedford ; Lord St. John of Bletfo. 
Rucivs ; Earl of Bedford. 
Bc^rks ; Robert Kelway, Efq, 
Cambridge; Lord North. 
Cornwall ; Peter Edgecomb. 
Cumberland ; Lord Scroop. 
Derby ; Sir Francis Leake, kt. 

8. Devon ; Sir Gawin Carewe. 

9. Dorfet; Lord Vifcount Haward. 
ic. Eft-riding, Yorkfliire, John Vaughan efq. 

11. Weft -riding, Yorklhire, Sir Thomas 

Crane. 

12. North-riding, Yorkfliire, Sir Henry 

Yates. 

13. Eilex ; Sir Thomas Myldmay. 

14. Glouccfter ; Sir Nicholas Arnold. 

15. Huntington; Edmond Dawfon. 

16. Hertford ; Sir Ralph Sadler. 

17. Hereford; John Scudmore, efq. 

18. Lancafter ; Thomas V^^otion, efq. 

19. Lincolne ; Lord Treafiirer. 

20. Nottinj^ham ; Earl cf Rutland. 

21. Oxon ; Sir Francis Knowles. 
Z2. Rutland ; Kenelm Dygby, efq. 

23. Surrey ; Lord Admiral. 

24. Stafford ; Thomas Trentham, efq. 

25. Salop 1 Sir George Bromley. 

26. Southampton ; Sir Frauncis Walfing- 

ham. 

27. Suffolk ; Thomas Roett, Efq. mort. 

28. Somerfet ; Sir Ananias * Paulett. 

29. Suffex ; Lord Buckhurft. 

30. Weftmerland ; AUin Bellingham. 

31. Wilts-, Sir John Thynne. 

32. Warwick ; Earl of Leicefter. 

33. Chefter ; Sir Edward Fi;ton. 

34. Monmouthe ; Rowland Morgan. 
33. Dunelm ; Thomas Leighton, efq. 

6. Norfolk; Sir Chriftopher Heydon; mcrt. Anthonie Wilkenfon parfon of Melford. 



4f. Caermarthen ; Sir Henry Jones. 

42. Penbrokc; ; Sir John Parrott. 

43. Cardigan ; John Price, efq. 

44. Denbic;fh ; Earl of Leicefter. 

45. Moigomery; Edward Harberd. 

46. Flint; John Giyffcth, efq. 

47. Caernarvan ; William Thomas, efq. 

48. Anghfey ; Sir Richard Buckley. • 

49. Merioneth ; Ellis Price. 

The names of all fuch as are certified in the 
Exchequer to be fugitive over the feas, 
contrary to the ftaiute, xiii. Eiiz. 

L EfTex. 

Henry Parker, Lord Morley. 
Charles Parker, gent. 
Edward Parker, gent. 
.... Wiciie, LL. D. 

n. Yorklhirc. 

Thomas Cleraentes, gent. 

Margaret Clement, widowe. 

John Clement, M. D. 

John Gryffen. 

Richard Burton, late of Burton, efq. 

III. Derbylhire. 

John Twenge, gent. 
Anthony Landale, gent. 
John Browne, gent. 
Frauncis More, gent. 

IV. London. 

Lodouell Sheltou, gent. 
Hugh Babington, gent. 
John Sackerneil of Tame, efq. 
Hugh Charnock, gent. 



V. Suffolk. 



^y. Northumberland ; Sir John Forfter. 

38. Brecon; Richard Price, efq. 

39. Glamorgan ; Earl of Penbrok. 

40. Radnor ; William Fowler. 

* Sic p'o Amias, 



Nicholas Wendon, LL. D. 

Waller Jerningham, gent. 

Robert Slepes, parfbnne of Halflead. 

Edmund Sraake, gent. 

Henry Denry, gent. 

Richard Sslye, genr. 



■w. 



CIVIL AND MILITARY. 



m 



VI. Surr}'. 

Walter Ellis, gent. 
Vv^'illiam Sonne, gent. 
John Waifon. 

Anthonie Goldingham, clarke. 
Anthonie Motlie, baker. 
Thomas Lawrence, genr. 
John Watfonne, blackfmith. 

VII. Southampton. 

Thomas Sellye, gent, 

Thomas Copley of Pickeringe, efq. 

John Preftall genr. 

Anthonie Sandon, gent. 

John Flower of Ham, clearke. 

Anthonie Wilkingllon, gent. 

William Smyth of Lanftead. 

VIII. Lancalhire. 

John Haward, gent. 
Ivobert Gyles, geut. 

IX. Suflex. 

John Leader of Buck, gent. 
James Selling of Doringe, efq. 
William Stapleton, gent. 
Thomas, his Ibnne, gent. 

X. Lancafter. 

Thomas Houghton, efq. 
Evan Heydock, gent. 

XI Suffolk. 
Richard Hopkins, gent. 

XIL Dorfet. 
Roger Jones, clerke. 

XIII. Cant. 
Robert Hoult of Tarn, clerke. 



XIV. Hereford. 
Robert Chauntrie, gent. 

XV. Middlefex. 

Thomas Homadine, clerke. 
Richard Sheliie, Miles ; urius confratnim nuper 
hofpitalis S. Johannis Jerufalem. 

XVI. Leicefler. 

Henry Jollife, clerke. 

John Pott, fcholemaifler. 

John Bower, late abbat of Lelcefter. 

XVII. Norfolk. 
William Dadd : is now returned. 

XVIII. Berks. 
Sir Frauncis Englefield, kt. 

XIX. Somerfet. 

James Bofgrave, gent. 
William Phellpes, gent. 
James Fitz-James, clerke. 
Gilbert Barford, clerke. 
Edward Crokford, clerke. 
William Good, fcholemafter. 
Gyles Chappell, clerke. 

XX. Oxon. 

John Buftard, gent. 
John Hart of Hanfle, yeoman. 
Margaret Hart, widdow. 
Elizabeth Hart, late wife. 

XXI. Bedford. 
Edmund Cuffen, clerke. 



N n a 



A B O O S 



87^ n E G U L A T I N S A S T O T H F. 



A BOOK* 



CONTAINING AS WELL THE OaI H OF ?rHE QuEEN's MaJESTY^S LiEUTENANT AND 

Standard Bearer, as also the Oath and Articles concerning the Ort)Ering, 
Service and Duties, belonging to her Highness's Gentlemen Pensioners, 
Anno i6oi ; Lord Hunsdon being Captain and Sir Henry Gray Knight Lieu- 



tenant of the Band. 



The Oath cf the Lieutenant and Standard Bearer. 

YOU fliall fwear to be true and faithfull fubie£l and fervant unto our Sovereign Lady 
Elizabeth, by the grace of God, Queen of England, France, and Ireland, defender of the 
faith, and in earth fupreme head of the churches in England and Leland, according to 
the limitation of the a^l made for the eftablilhment of her Highnefs's f\icceflion in the 
crcvvn imperial in this her realm of England and Ireland. And you Ihall truly and dili- 
gently give your attendance in the room- of Lieutenant or Standard Bearer of the Band of 
her Majefty's Gentlemen Penfioners. You fhall be retained by no perfon ne perfons of no 
degree or condition, by oath, livery, bage, promife or otherwife, but only to her Grace, 
without her fpecial licence. And you Ihall not hereafter hear or know of any thing that 
fhall be hurtfull or prejudicial to her moft Royal Perfon, or to her heirs in form abovefaid, 
efpecially in trcafon ; but you fhall withlland it to the uttermoft of your power, and the 
fame with all diligence to you poffible to reveal to the Queen's Highnefs, or to your Cap- 
tain for the time being, or in his abfence to fome of her Majefty's Privy Council, orfor 
want of them to the Lieutenant of the faid Gentlemen Penfioners, or to fuch other as you 
•know will difcover t'he fame to her Grace. You fliall be continually furnilbed of double 
horfe and men, and provide that yourfelf and your men may be alfo well furnillicd with har- 
nefs according to your room, to fcrve the Queen's Majefty in time of need or otherwife 
for her Grace's pleafure. You fliall truly and diligently to your power obferve and keep 
from this day forward all and every fuch reafonable articles, rules, and ordinances, as fliall 
be devifcd by the Queen's Majefty, and fet forth and figned by her Grace's hand for )-our 
better ufage and order. And all fuch caufes as by way of fecrefy and council (hall be 
fliewed unto you by the Queen's Majefty, the Captain, or his Lieutenant, you fliall keep 
fecret without difcovering of the fame to any perfon or perfons till you fliall be thereunto 
commanded. And alfo you fliall make your raufler in fuch harnefs and habiliments of war, 
and upon fuch horfes, as fliall be your own proper goods, and none other man's. And this 
you ihall well and truly obferve and keep, and ferve the Queen's Highnefs in the roome of 
her Majefty's Lieutenant or Standard Bearer ; So help you God, and by the holy contents 
of this book. 

■* Copy of a MS. marked N' 6142, in the Harieian Library in the Ericifh Mufeuni. 

The 



G E N T L E M E N-r E N S I O N E R S, A. D. i6oi. 277 



The Oath of the Gentlemen Pensioners. 

YOU fliall fwear to be true and faithful fubje^t and fervant unto our Lady Elizabeth, 
by the grace of God Queen of England, France, and Ireland, defender of the farth, and ia 
earth fupreme head or the churches of England and Ireland, according to the limitation 
of the act made for theeftablilhment of her Highnefs's fucceffion in the crown imperial in 
this her realm of England and Ireland. You lliall truly and diligently give your attendance 
in the room of one of her Majefty's Gentlemen Penfioners ; you fliall be retained to no 
perfon ne perfons of what degree or condition, by oatb^ livery;, badge, promife or otherwife* 
but only to her Grace, without ht-r fpeclal licence. And you Ihall not hereafter hear or 
know of any thing that fliall be hurtfull or prejudicial to her mofl: Royal Perfon or to her 
heirs in form abovefaid, efpecially in treafon ; but you fliall withftand to the utterm.oft of 
your power, and the fame with all diligence to you poflible to reveal and difclofe to the 
Queen's Kighne-fs, or to your Captain for the time being, or in his abfence to fome of her 
Majefty'tj Privy Council, or for want of them to the Lieutenant or Standard Bearer of the 
faid Gentlemen Penfioners, or to fuch other as you know will difcover the fame to her Grace. 
You' fliall keep continually three double horfes and one man, and provide that 3'-ourfelf with 
one fervant may be alfo well furniflied with harnefs to ferve her Majefl:y in time of need, 
or otherwife for her Grace's plenfure, at her commandment, or at the appointment of your 
faid Captain or of his Lieutenant or Standard Bearer. Alfo you fliall not know that any of 
your company fliall be disfurniflied of the faid horfes or harnefs; but you fliall give know- 
ledge thereof to your faid Captain, his Lieutenant or Standard Bearer, if he remain fo sn- 
provided by the fpace of ten days. You fliall alfo truly and diligently to your power 
obferve and keep from this day forward all and every fuch articles, rules, and ordinances, as 
now at this pref^ni day be devifed and fet forth for your better ufijge and order, as well as 
all other articles, rules and ordinances, as fliall be hereafter fet torth, or by her Highnefs 
devifed or commanded. Over this you fliall be obedient to your Captain, his Lieutenant or 
Standard Bearer; and their commandments you fliall obferve and keep at all times, fo the 
fvimc be or concern the fervice of the Queen's Majefly. And all fuch caufes as by way of. 
fccrecy or council fliall be fhewed unto you by the Qiieen's Majefly, the Captain, or his. 
Lieutenant or Standard Bearer, you fliall keep fccret, without dikovering of the fame to any 
perfon or perfons till you fliall be thereunto commanded. You fliall diligently give your 
attendance upon the Queen's Highnefs in fuch wife as you fliall be appointed or commanded 
by the faid Captain, his Lieutenant, or Standard Bearer, and not abfcnt or depart from th» 
Ceurt without licence of the Qiieen's IVdajefly, or of the faid Captain, his Lieutenant or 
Standa-.'d Bearer in. his abfence. And alfo you fliall make your mufters in fuch harnefs 
and other habiliments of war, and upon fuch horfes, as fliall be your own proper goods, and 
none other man's. Alfo you (hall not mufler at any time hereafter before the Queen's 
Highnefs, the faid Captain, his Lieutenant or Standard Bearer, with any other man's fervant, 
in tb.e lieu of fuch fervant as you be charged to keep, but only with fuch as fliall be re- 
tained with yourfelf to ferve the Qiieen's Highnefs for the fame intent and purpofe. And- 
this you fliall well and truly obferve and keep, and ferve the Queen's Highnei's in the room 
of one of her Majefty's Gentlemen Penfioners; So help you bod, and by the holy contents 
of this book. 

Thb 



273 R E G U L A T 1 O N S A S T O T li E 



Thz Akticl£s belonging to the said Gentlemen Pensioners^ 

FiRfjT her Highnefs's pleafare and commandment is, that as many of the faid 
i:'-'.r. n reniloncrs as be or fliall be liereafier ordamcd and admitted being not licenced 
; \ li-^r r/Jaje'ly, the Captiiin, Lieutenant or Standard Bearer, be in the Queen's chamber 
.'.f jirdenGe every holiday l)y nine of the clock in the forenoon, and every working day 
by ten ot the clock, and there to give attendance with their axes ready, to know what 
fhnll be commanded ihem by the Queen's Majelly, the Captain, Lieutenant, or Standard 
Bearer.. 

2. ITEM, the faid Gentlemen Penfioners fail not to bear their axes, and to give attend- 
ance upon the Queen's Majcfty every fuch day or days as her Grace Ihall come abroad to 
morning prayer, the proceffion, offering, and from morning prayer, and to even fong and 
from even fong, and to keep the place where her Highnefs fhall pafs as large as the room 
Ihall ferve. 

■'3. ITEM, her Grace*s commandment is, that in her Majefty's progrefs time, or in any 
bther removing, or if her Highnefs doth ride, the faid Gentlemen Penfioners Ihall keep 
fuch places as to them fhall be appointed by their Captain, Lieutenant, or Standard 
Btarer. 

4. ITEM, the Qncen's commandment is, that as well in her moft honourable chamber 
as in all other places where her Highnefs fhall pafs by them, and at their board, they do 
life honeil communication and fobernefs, that is to wit, without oaths or any rage in talk. 

5. ITEM, that all the whole band of the faid Gentlemen Penfioners, or as many of 
them as be refident within the court for the time, do accompany the Captain, Lieutenant, 
or Standard Bearer, from their dining ot fupping place to the Queen's moft honourable 
chamber. 

6. ITEM, toe Qt^ieen's further plesfure \>, that every of the faid Gentlemen Penfioners 
fhall at ai! times be ubedient and conformable to all fuch fervices as Ihall appertain to the 
Queen's Majeily, wherein (he ought to be ferved by the faid Gentlemen, or by any of them, 
as v/ell in her Grace's chamber as in all other places where her pleafure fhall be to be 
ierved, by the commandaient of fuch as fhall for the time being have authority to com- 
mand and appoint the faid Gentlemen Penlioners, as all other the Qi^ieen's fervants. 

7. ITEM, if the faid Gentlemen Penfioners, or any of them, do fail the days of their 
appearance in the place and hours beforementioned, then the check to be for the firft de- 
fault the lofs of three days wages, for the fecoad default the lofs of five days wages, and for 
ihe third default the lofs of fifteen days wages. 

8. ITEM, i-f the faid Gentlemen, or any of them, fliall fail their attendance of the 
Queen's Highnefs, as well at the taking of her horfe as at her lighting, or be abfVnt 
when her Majeily goeth to her chapel to morning prayer, proceflion, ofTering, from morn- 
ing prayer, to even fon;:;, from even fong, then the check to be like damages as is exprefTed 
in the article above mentioned. 

4 / 9. ITEM, 



GENTLE MEN- PEN SIGNERS, A. D. 1601. 279 

9. ITEM, the Qiieen's Majefty's pleafure and commandment is, that every of the faid 
Gentlemen Penfioners fliall have his axe borne after him with a fufiicient man, the axe being 
cleane and bright, as well in all places out of her Grace's court, as within the f:\me court, 
unto fuch place or places whereas every Gentleman Penfioner ought of duty to bear it him- 
felf, upon pain of the Careen's Highneis's difpleafure. 

10. ITEM, whereas the Queen's Maje(l3''s pleafure is, that every of the faid Gentlemen 
fhall have three months liberty in tlie year of not wayting, fo they rake that libcrry by the 
appointment of her Majefty, the Captain, Lieutenant, or Standard Bearer, or of any of 
them; alfo when and as many of them as fhall obtain any fuch licence, they fnall Thereupon 
ere they depart from the court give acknowledgement to the clerk of the check or his deputy 
of the time and times of their f.iid licence, with the returns of the fame, or elfe the faid li- 
cence to be void and to be checked for their abfence. 

11. ITEM, furthermore her Majelly's pleafure is, notwithftanding any licence given to 
any of the faid Gentlcm.en PenGoners by her Gracc^ the Captain, Lieutenant, or Standard 
Bearer, that the faid Captain, Lieutenant, or Standard Bearer, do always forefee that there 
fliall not be abfent at no time nor times above the third part of the band of the faid Gen- 
tlemen Penfioners. 

12. ITEM, that every of the faid Gentlemen Penfioners be well and fufliciently pro- 
vided and furnifhed of his two great horfcs for him.felf and his fervanr, according to his 
oath, with harnefs and all other habiliments to the fame appertaining, to be ready with the 
premifes within two days warning given unto them by their Captain, Lieutenant, or Standard 
Bearer, upon pain of forfeiture of ten days wages for tlie firft default, and for the fecond 
default to forfeit a month's wages, and for the third offence to be clearly expulfed and put 
out of the room of a Gentleman Penfioner, and to lofe his whole quarter's wages. 

13. ITEM, the clerk of the check, or fuch his deputy as fhall be thought fufficient by 
the Captain, Lieutenant, or Standard Bearer, fliall be every day in the Queen's Grace's ' 
chamber of prefence by nine of the clock belore noon, there to receive the appearance of 
the faid Gentlemen Penfioners; and alfo the faid clerk, or his deputy, to be at all other 
places where the faid Geatkmcn fhall be appointed to give their attendance upon the 
Queen's Majefty. 

14. ITEM, the Queen's pleafure is, that every Gentleman Penfioner fhall pay to the 
clerk of the check at tt)e taking of his oath ten fliillings, which the clerk ought of duty to 
have, and that is, to wit, for the giving every Gentleir.an his oath fix fhillings and eight pence; 
and the other three fliillings and four pence is for the copy of the fame oath to them mini- 
fired as aforefaid, and of all thefe articles to be by the faid clerk delivered to every of th-e 
faid Gentlemen Penfioners. 

Additions by Sir Anthony Browne in the time of K. Hen. VIII. 

15. ITEM, where it hath pleafed the King's Majefty at the fpecial fuite of Sir Anthony 
Browne, Knight, and Captain of his Majefty's Band of Gentlemen Penfioners, to grant and 
enlarge his faid Penfioners to the liberty of quarter waiters by the check as in articles before 
mentioned, fo that continually the one half of them fliall be attendant without any excufe 

of 



28o R E G U L A T I O N S, &c. 

of ficknefs or othcrwlfe, but that lie or they that fhall fortune to be Tick or hare any 
other ictt witbhi his faid quarter fhall for the time of his abfence find one of his com- 
pany that fliall be out of his quarter to wait upon the King's Majefty, and to furni(h his 
place, or elfe to be in danger of the check, and ihe other half tor the mean time of their 
half year (o by the quarter to be taken at their hbert)-. 

16. ITEM, the whole band of faid Gentlemen PcnHoners at the four principal feafti 
of the year, that is to fay, ChriUmas, Ealler, Whitfuntide, and Allhallontide, fhall ^ive their 
attendance under the check they now do. 

17. ITEM, in confideration whereof whereas now they are bounden to the finding of 
two great horfes only, they fliall each one from henceforth keep three horfes furnifiied ac- 
cordingly. 

18. ITEM, notwithftanding this grant of liberty be nevertheiefs at all time in fuch a 
readinefs that, when warning fliall be given unto them from the officers above them, they 
and every of them fliall according to the fame repair to the court, and give fuch- attendance 
for the time as fhall be appointed unto them, ufing for that feafon, be it in their quarter or 

otherwife, no lelTe diligence than they do at this prefent as appertaineth, 

t,. 

This book agrceth with the book made in the time of King Henry the Eighth, figned 
then with the King's own hand, which remaineth with my Lorde our Captain. 

HENRY GRAYE. 



THE 



QJJEEN ELIZABETH'$ HOUSEHOLD BOOK, &c. 281 



THE BOOKE OF HOUSEHOLD OF QuEENE ELIZABETH, AS IT WAS ORDERED IN THE 43d 
TEARE OF HER ReIGNE; DELIVERED TO OUR SOVERAIGNE LoRD KiNG JaMES, THE FIRST 
YEARE OF HIsRaiGNE; CONTEYNING THE NAMES OF ALL THE OFFICES AND OFFIC-ERS 
BELONGING TO THE SAME HONOURABLE HOUSEHOLD*. 



The Counting House. 

Lord Steward. He hath for his entertainment a yeare, and two mefTcg 

of meate furnilhed at his pleafure ; for he is the foveraigne and cheife officer of the houlhold. 
He hath the charge and government of the whole houfehold ; the commandment, direction, 
and appointment, of all matters therein; and the placing and difplacing of all her Majefties 
fervantes. He is to be couni'elled and aflifted by the Treafurer, Comptroller, and the reft 
of the officers of the boardej but is full andabfolute of himfclf for appointment of any thinges. 

Mr. Treasurer. He hath for his entertainement 130T. i6s. Sd. a yeare, and 10 
diflies of meatc to his firfl meffe, and fix difhes to his fccond, every raeale. He and Mr» 
Comptrouler (there being no Lord Stevvardj have the government of the wliole houfliold, 
and placing of all her Majefties fervantes. They are likewife to becounfellcd and aflifted by 
the officers of the boarde ; but they two together are abfolute of themfelves. 

Mr. Comptroller. He hath for his entertainement loyt. 17s. 4d. a yeare, and the 
like dyett and authority that Mr. Treafurer hath. 

Mr. Cofferer. He hath loot. a yeare, and 7 diChes of meate every meale, for hi3 
<liett i and when he is abfent he hath 8 s. the day for boardwages, and 3 diflies of meate a 
meale to his chamber for his men. He hath alfo 20 1. a yeare for his expences, for being at 
fundry places of ftore twice a yeare to take the remaynes. This officer hath the receiving 
-and difburfing of all her Majeflies monyes for houfliold affaires, and is the cheife purveyor for 
provifions, fo that all the purveyors are to be directed by him. 

Clerkes of the Greene-cloath. Mafter of the houfliolde arid clarke of the greene- 
cloth, he hath 64L6S. 8d. a yeare. Thefe two, both of them, have 7 diflies of meats 
apeece every meale, for their diettes when they wiite; and when they are abfenc they have 
.5 s. a day bordewages apeece, and three difhes of meate a meale to their chamber for their- 
men ; they have alfo 4!'. a yeare apeece, for their expence in taking of remaynes twice a 
yeare, at fundry places of (lore. They are the auditors of the houfliold, for they caft up 
and perfect all the parcelles, rouks, and brcvcmentes,- and finifli up all the accomptes 
throughout the yeare. 

Clerk.Es Comptrollers. They have 44I. 6 s. 8d. a yeare apeece, and the like diettes 
and bordewages that the clarke of the greenecloth hath, and 4!. a yeare apeece likewife for 

* From a ]MS. in the- Harleian Library, N" 642, fo, 219. 

O o expence 



2Sj q^UEEN ELIZABETH'S HOUSEHOLD BOOK 

cxpence at reraaynes takeing. Thefe two (under the white ftaves) bee comptrollers of all 
houlehold affaires ; that is to fay, of" all her Majcllies fervantes, if they doe not their du- 
tyes in their feverall places. They have authority to cheque all prifes for meates or necef- 
faries belonging to houk-hold expences. They paflfe all billes for allowances, all brevements 
and rolles of expences, and turnc backe and refufe all meates and drinkes unfavoury or not 
conveuient to be fpent. 

Yeoman of the Counting-Housf.. He hath loos. a yeare, and three diflies of meatc 
every meale, for him and his fellow the groom ; he and his faide fellow kepe the counting 
houfe, and the bookes and recordes there, and doe dayly wayte to fupply every want, and 
execute every commandement impofed unto them by the crfficers of the boarde. 

Groomk of the Coi'N'riNO-HousE. He hath 4 markes a yeare and his mepte with his 
fellow the yeoiiian; and is to waice in the abfence of his fellow and with his fellow, as need 
Ihali require. 

Messemct. s OF THE Coi NTixG-HousE. Ke haih IOCS, a yeare, and Is to goe upon all 
mefTages, wherein the white ilaves or officers of the boarde Ihall employ hhii, and his ci^arge 
allowed according to the difcretion of the officers of the boarJe; but if he be fent to fetch 
iij^any man, or gather up the wances of corapofitions not duely anfwered, then .his charges; 
ate to.be p^yde aiwayes.by the defaulters and not by theQueenc. 

Hake-hcusz. . 

Serjeant. His entertainement iit. 8 s- zf (f. a yeare, and i6il. a day board wages ^ 
he hath the brane of all the meale fpent. in the great bakehoufe for his fee; this officer 
rtandeth charged with all the provifions of corne and necefTaryes belonging to his office, and 
J3 ro anfvver all the lavidi expences, all lofTes, wades', and 'fiii^hinge-;, within his of5ce ; 
and therefore as mailer of the office hs ought to fee that gciod order be kept in his office, 
aiid to appoint each ni-ui to ferve in his place and to doe his duty. 

Clerke. His entertainemeiit is 6 1. 13 s. 4 ct. a yeare, and 16^. a day for boardewages; 
he is clerk comptuoller in the office, and ought to fee that the ferjeant take no more fee then 
he fhould, and that the loaves of breade doe weigh the fame weight that they fhould ; he is alfo 
fo fee the receites of corr.e and the weight thereof, and to keepe a booke of all the charge 
and ex];ences, and of all other reckoninges in that office. . 

Two Yeomen of the Privy Bake-house. They have a iocs, a yeare apeece for their 
entertainement, and three difhes of mcate a meale for them and the two groomes ; they bake 
all the. fine breade that is ferved to the Queenc's table. 

Groo.vies of the Privy Bv\KE-HonsE; two. They have four markes apcecc, and their 
ir.eate with the tVv-o yeomen. 

Yeomav of the Gre.^t Bake-house. He hath iocs, a yeare, and 6d. a day boarde 
wages, and all the coales burnt in the great backhoufe oven for his fee. This yeoman and 
the groome and conduffts doe bake all ttie breiide that conKtii out of the great bakehoufe. 

Grocm 



I N T H E XLIII. YEAR ^F HER REIG!^, &:c. 



2S3 



Groom of the Great Bake-house. Hee hath foure markes a year, and 6^, a da/ 
boardewages. 

Yeoman Garnetor. He hath loos. a yeare, and 6d:. a day boarde wages, and 40s. 
a moneth for laboarers, and for his fee the ryvinges and outcaft of the corne when ii is 
cleanfcd ; for he hath the keeping of all the come that yearly cometh into the bakehoufc. 

Yeomen Porvayers, four. They have togs, a yeare apeece ; thefe have the provl- 
fions, and bringing in of all the corne that is brought into the great bakchoufe, and thcj 
have allowance for their charges therein. 

Conducts, five. They have 43". a day apeece for boarde wages. 

The Pantrey. 

Serjeant. He hath 11!. 8s. i|d. a yeare, and three diflies of meate a meale; he 
flandes charged with all the breade that cometh into the Pantry, and muft anfwer all 
arerages in that office, and therefore he is to appoint all the fervice, tj governe the office, 
and to fee that good order be kept therein. 

Yeomen at the Mouth; tvvoe. They have iocs, a yeare apeece, and there is two 
meffes of meate of three dilhes apeece allowed for them and the relf of the officers of the 
Pantry; thefe doe waite upon the privy fervice, and ferve her m^^.jeltie with fyne breade, 
falte, trenchers, knives, &c. 

Yeomen at the Barre, twoe. They have iocs, a yeare apeece, and they and the 
two yeomen of the mouth have the chippingcs of breade for their fee; thefe doe waite at the 
barre and ferve the reil of the houfe with breade. 

Groomes; three. They have foure markes a yeare apeece, and raeate with their fcliowes 
and waite as they are appointed. 

Pages, two. Thefe have 40s. a yeare apeece, and meate as affbrefaide. They and the 
groomes doe heipe the yeomen to waite and to carry up the fervice to the Queene and to the 
chamber. 

Breade Carriers; two. They have ^d» apeece each day.; they doe daily carry the 
breade from the bake-houfe to the pantry. 

The Seller. 

Serjeant. He hath lit. 8s. tfd. a yeare for his entertainement, and foure difhes 
of meate each meale for his dyett ; he and the yeomen hath all the lees of wine fpent in 
the yeare fcr their fees, He is charged with all arrcrages in that office, and hath the 
^overnmente of the fame, and appointment of all his fellowes to their feverall fervices. 

O 2 -Yeomen 



2f?4 QJJEEN ELIZABETH'S HOUSEHOLD BOOK 

Yeomen for the mouth. They have a hundred fiiillinges the yeare apiece, and meate 
with the Serjeant ; they, with the heipe of the grooracs and pages, doe ferve the King him- 
felfe, with all wines and drinkes. 

Yeomem at the barre. They have lOos. a yeare apiecC) and one mefle of meate of 
three dilhes a meale more allowed to them and to their fellowes; they ferve all the houfehold^ 
pretence, and great chamber, with wines. 

Groom Grubber. He hath four raarkes a yeare, and meate with his fellowes. His office 
is to fee that the veffailes which come into the feller bee tight and full, and to waite as he is 
appointed by the fcijeant. 

Pages. Thefe two have 409. a yeare apiece, and meate with their fellowes afforefaide; 
they waite as they are appointed by th^ ferjeant. 

Purvayoures of Wines. They have a hundred fhillinges a yeare apiece. Thefe in 
times pad did make provilion of all the wine that was fpent in the houfe ; but nowe his ^L1- 
jeftie is ferved by compofition. Their charge is to fee that the compounder doe ferve in good 
wines, or oiherwife they are to refufe it. 

Yeoman of the Bottles. He hath 100 s. a yeare, and is to carry wine and drinke for 
the King, when his Majeftie rideth abroade. 

Memorandum, that the Grooraes in the feller and buttery, did in times pafl: drawe the wine 
and drinkes themfelves, and the Pages did carry it to the yeomen at the barre; for there 
waited continually a yeoman to ferve it forth, and their men were not fuilered to come into-^ 
the oiEce to doe any fervice but at meale times, t-o waite on their mailers. 

The Butter-/. 

Yeomen. They have iocs, yearely apeece, and all the broken and troubled drinkes for 
their fees; they have two meffes of meate of three difnes apiece each meale, for them the 
groomes and pages ; they have alfo all the cafkes of fuche drinkes as are fpent in the buttery 
when his Highnes is in progrefle above 20 miles from London. They have the government 
of that ofBce, anfwering all arrerages there, and doe waite themfelves and appoint their fel- 
lowes to waite as they thinke good ; becaufe the ferjeant of the feller, who is ferjeant 
of both offices, only attendeth the office of the feller, and medleth not with the 
buttery. 

Groomes. They have 4 markes yearly apiece, and doe waite and ferve drinkes, as they 
arc appointed by the yeomen. 

Pages. Thefe have 40 s. yearely apiece, and meate with their fellowes ; and waite as they 
are appointed. 

Yeoman Purvayer. He hath a hundred {hilllnges yearely, and the unferviceable caflies 

for his fee, and 12 S. a day board-wages; he and his fellowes the groomes are to fee the 

5 buttery 



IN THE XLIII. YEAR O F H BR R E I G N, &c. 285 

buttery furnifhed with fuch- drinkes as the yeoman of the buttery fhall from time to time 
appoint to be fent in ; one of them there ilill waiteing at th'^ court, and another at the 
brewers at London. 

Groom Purvayers. Thefe have 4 markes a yeare apeece, and 12 3. a day boardwages j- 
they are to waite with the yeoman purvayor as aforefaide. 



The PiCHER-HOUSEr 

Yeoman. He hath a hundred Ihillinges a yeare, and three dilhes of meate every meale, 
for him and his three fellosves, the two groomes and page ; he bath the charge of filver 
pottes, jackes, and wooden cuppes, which are to be ufed for fervice, as neede Ihall 
require. 

Gk DOMES. They have four markes yearely apiece, and meate altogether. 

Page. He hath 40s. yearely, and meate as afforefaide. 

The Spicerv, 

Chiefe Clerke. He hath 27 1. a yeare, and 20s. a moneth for his expence in receiving 
of fpice at the florehoufe, and fending of fpice from the ftorehoufe to the court ; and I2t. 
a yeare for his expences in taking of rernaines twice a yeare at the ftorehoufe : and jhe and his 
fellowes the other two clerkes have 4 di(hes of meate a meale for their dietts, and 3 s. 4d". a 
day hoarde wages amongfl them. He ftnndeth charged with the office, and anfvvereth all 
arrerages, and therefore is to give direOion for all fervices there, and to waite fo long as 
he will ; and his two fellows to waite as he will appoint them. 

Seconds Clerke. He hath lit. 8s. liS. yearely, and 56s. ^S, a yeare for his ex- 
pences in taking rernaines ; and meareas aforelaid. 

Third Clerke. He hath lit. 8s. i|d. a yeare, and 40s. a yeare for his expences ia- 
taking remaines, and meate with the chiefe clerke. 

Yeoman. He hath a hundred Jhlllinges a yeare and his meate at the clerkes table, and 
20 s. a yeare for his expences in taking rernaines. His office is to beate fpice into powder,, 
when he {hall be appointed by- the cheife clerke. 



The Chandery. 

Yeomen. They have a hundred Ihillinges a yeare apeece, and one mefle of' meate of 
three diflies a meale, for them and their two fellowes, the groome and page. Thefe tbre« 
ofScers doe make waxe iightes, and receive in -white lightes, and doe ferve thofe lightes 

our. 



286 Q^UEEN ELIZABETH'S HOUSEHOLD BOO K 

out, as they are appointed by the clerke of the fplcery ; for this office is a member of the 
fpiccry, and the arrerages are to be aufwcred by the clerkes of the fpiccry. 

Groome. He hath four mark.es a yeare, snd meate with his fellowes as aforefaid. 

Page. He hath forty Ihlllings a yeare, and raeate as aforefaid. 

The Wafery, 

Yeoman. He hath a hundred (hillings a yeare, and fixpence a day boarde wages; he 
and his fellow groome make wafers at feftivall times, as they are appointed by the clerke 
comptroller and clerke of the fpicery. 

Groome. He hath four markes a yeare, and flxpence a day boardvvages j and helpeth 
the jbeoman to make wafers and ferve them. 

The Confectionary. 

Yeombw, They have a hundred fhlllings a yeare apiece, and one mefle of meate of three 

d i flies a meal e for them and their fellowes, the groom.e and the page. They are to ferve 
peares, wardens, and other fruites, as figges and raifons, as they are appointed by the 
clerkes-comptrollers and clerke of the fpicery. 

Groome. He hath four markes a yeare, and his raeate with his fellowes. 

Page. He hath forty {hillings, and raeate with his fellowes aforefaid. 

The Ewery. 

Serjeant. He hath 1 1 L 8 s. i|d. a yeare, and two meffes of meat of three difhes apiece 
each meale, for himfelf, the yeomen, groomes, and pages. He hath alfo for his fee all the 
tableclothes, towells, napkins, and cupboard clothes, which are for her Majefty's onely ule 
^vhen they are dampned, and unfit for her Highnefs's ufe any more. 

Yeomen. They have a hundred (liillinges a yeare apiece, and meate as aforefaid. They 
have for their fees all the reft of the clothes that be dampned through the yeare. 

Groomes. They have four markes a yeare, and meate with their felloweSt 

Page, He hath forty fhillinges a yeare, and raeate with his fcUow^es. 

Th£ 



IN THE XLIII. YEAR O F H E R R E I G N, &c.. 2S7 



The Laundreye. 

Yeoman. He hath a hundred fliilUngs a yeaie, and one mefTe of meate of three difhes 
each meale, for hiinfelfe and his fellowes the groomes and pages. Thefe officers doe waQie 
all the table clothes, towells, napkins, and cupboard-cloihes, which are ufed for the chambec 
and houfehold ; the Qii,eene's excepted, which are waflied by a Laundrefle of hetr owne. 

Groomes. They have foure markes yearely apiece, and meate together with their- 
fellowes. 

Pages. They, have forty fliilllngs a yeare, and meate with their fellowes,. 

The Kitchen. 

The Clerke of the Kitchen. He hath 44! 6s. Set", a yeare, and lod. a day boarde 
wages, and ciglu diflics of meate every mea!e for him and his two fellowes; he is the cheife 
officer for the diredtion and appointement of all the meates, drinkes, and breade, fpent in the 
Queene's houfe ; and is the only accomptant for the pantry, feller, buttery, kitchen, and 
larder; and hatha command in all thefe offices, and a checke over all the officers in 
the fame. 

Second Clerke of the Kitchen. He hath ill. 8 s. i|ct. yearely, and 2od. a day boarde 
wages, and tHice diOies of meate each day for his men. He is to waire in the cheife clerke 's 
abfence, and if he keepe the table in iiis owne chamber, then the three difhes of meate, 
Mhich are ferved to his chamber when the cheife clerke waites, are to be ferved to the cheife 
clerke's men, and fa at ail times when the fecond or third clerke keepe the table in their 
owne chamber. 

The Third Ci.erke. He hath 1 1 1. 8s. i|d. a yeare, and the like boarde v/ages;- 
and meate as the fecond clerke hath, and is to waite in the abfence'of the other two. 

Master Cooke for the Queene. He hath iil. 8s. i|d. a yeare, and five diffies of 
meate every meale, and likewife the aflay of meate ferved to the Qiicene; he and his fellow, 
the Mafter Cooke for the houfehold, hath for tlveir fee all the fat that comes from the beefe 
boyled in the houfe, and all the lambe fkinnes yearely fpent ; he is governor of the privy 
kitchen and the C)ueene's fide kitchen. 

Master Cooke for the Household. PTe hath iiL 8s. 1 1 d. a yeare, and lot. a 
yeare for his meate, and one half of the fee aforefaid. He is to govern the Lords fide and hall- 
place kitchen. 

Yeomen. They have iocs, a yeare apiece, and five meffes of meate of three diihes a 
meale, and they wich the three yeomen of the Larder have for their fee all the legges of 
Beefe and all the hinde knuckles, rumpes, and neckes of all the muttons and veales fpent in 
the houfe, faving that rhe groome have one penwy out of each fee amoDgfi: them. Thefe' 

witti- 



5S$ Q^tJEEN ELIZABETH'S HOUSEHOLD BOOK 

with r'-.e groo;res and cliildren of the kitchen are to drcffe all fuch raeates as fliall be a^r- 
pointed unto thnn by the clerk j of the kitchen. 

Groomes. Thefe have 4 tn.irkes a yeare apiece, and meate as aforefaid; they have for 
fee a penny ou: of the yeomen'^ fee, and they have alfo the drippinges of all the m'iates 
roaltcd throughout the yeare for their fee. 

CiiiLDREN. Thefe have 40s. yearely apiece, and 6d. a day boardwages. 

The Larder. 

Serjeant. He hath 1 1 1. 8s. i|3. a yeare, and i6d. a day boardwnges; he hath for 
liis tec two cloddes, one little rumpe, chine of beefe, of every oxe that is fpent in the 
Queeue's houfe ; he hath the government of that office, and anfwcrs all the arreragcs ; he 
llands charged with the trewe receipt and delivery oute (in fuch fort as he is appointed by the 
clerke of the kitchen) of all beeves, muttons, veales, fturkes, porkes, braunes, laurde, 
linges, codde, llockfilhe, falt-falmon, fa t herring, falt-eeles, rcd-herringes, fprattes, fal- 
low-deare, red-deare, grey-fake, and white-falte, that is yeare'y fpent in the Queene's 
houfe ; he hath likewife for his fee the hinder parte unio the flanke, the head and chine, 
the feete cut off at the firit joynt of every braune fpent in the Queene's houfe. 

Clerke. He hath 6t. 13s. 43.3 yeare, and 165. a day boardwages. His ofHce is to 
keepe the accompt of that office, and to comptroll the fees if they be cut or made larger 
than they (hould be, and to keepe a trewe record of all the provilions that come into that 
cllke ; and alfo of the expence of the fame. 

YfoMEN. They have iocs, a yeare, and two mefles of meate of three diflies apiece, each 
meaie, for them and the groomes and pages. Thefe three yeomen and the yeomen of the kitcher^, 
iis aforefaid, have for their fees all the hindc knuckles, rumpes, and neckes, of all muttons, 
and veales, yearely fpent in the Queene's houfe ; and they have likewife all legges of beefe, 
favingone penny allo.ved out of each fee to the groomics araongft them. 

Groome?. They have 4 markes a yeare apeece, and meate with their fellowes, the 
yeom.en and pages; their fee is a penny out of the yeomen's fee, and they have all tor fee, 
the h;ad, the feete, and the fmall ende of the chine, of every hogge fpent in the houfe. 

Pages. They have 405. a yeare apeece, and meate as aforefaid. 

The BoyL!^'G-HousE. 

YeoMan. He hath icos. a yeare, and one meffe of meate of three difnes each meale, 
for him and his fellowes the two groomes; he is cheife under the mafter cooke in that place, 
and hath for his fee the ftrippinges of beefe. He and his two fellowes their office is to 
boyle all the beefe, and what other meates foever Ihali be appointed unto theinby the clerke 
of the kitchen throughout the yeare. 

XjAOOMES. 



IN THE XUIf, YEAR OF- HER REIGN, S:c, 289 

GR00ME3t They have 4 markes a yeare apeece, and mcatc with the Yeoniaa. 

The Accatry. 

Serjeant. He hath iit. SS. id.{ a yeare, and i6ct. a day boardewages, and lot. a 
yeare for his expence in delivering up his remaines cattell at Crello.v, Sayes-court, and 
Toteiiharn hall. He hath for his fee, the heades, mic'driffes, heartes, tripes, and feet', 
of all the oxen fpcnt in the Quecne's houfe ; he is to governe the office of the Accatry, and to 
fee that there be beeves and muttons in the Queene's paftarcs, for the dayly expence of her 
Majefties houfe, and that there be in flore, ling, codde, ftockfifh, herrings, falmon, falt- 
eclcs, white falte, and grey falte ; that with thefe provifions he may furniih the Larder with 
fuch provifions as fhall be wcekcly made unto hira by the officers of the boarde, the clerk 
of the kitchen or the ferjant of the Larder. 

Clerke. He hath 61'. 13s. 4^. a yeare, and i63. a day boarde wages. He hath for 
his fee all the calves fkinnes, and ftirk ikinnes, and calves heades and feete, which are 
yearely fpent. He is to make the parcelles of the monethly charge, and to keepe a trewc 
accompt of all provifions, compofitions, and all other thinges within that office. 

Yeomen. They have a hundred ffiillings yearely apeece, and they and the two groomes, 
each yeoman doubleing a groome, have for their fee the flicking place, the flanke, 
and the rumpes endes of every oxe flaughtered in that office. 

Groomes. They have a hundred fliillinges yearely apeece, and halfe fees with the 
yeomen. 

Yeoman PuRVAYER op Veales, &c. He hath iocs, a yeare, and lod. a day boarde- 
wages, and allowance for all charges he can reafonably afke j he is purvayor of veales, 
flirkes, porkes, braunes, bacons, lard, and pigges. 

Yeomen Purvayers of Beeves and Muttons. They have i^f. i^s. 4d. a yeare 
apeice, and all rideing charges, or other allowances they can reafonably afke ; they are to 
provide beeves and muttons. 

Yeoman Purvayer of Sea Fish. He hath lol. a yeare entertainement, and 22 1. 11 s. 
8 d. a yeare for loffes, and necelTaries and allowance for all filhes provided, and for all 
charges he can alke; he is purvayer for all kinde of Sea-Fi(h. 

Yeoman PiTRVAYER of Fresh-Water Fish. He hath 7L 13s. 4^. a yeare enter- 
tainement, and 21 1, a yeare for loffes of fifh and neceffaries, and allowance for all fifhes 
he provides, and for all charges he can aJkej he is purvayor for all fortes of frefti 
water filh. 

Yeoman Keeper of the Salte Store. He hath yt. 13 s. 4^. a yeare entertainement, 
and 25 s. a moneth for attendance, and 6 3". a day boardewages. He with a c'erke comp- 
troller, ferjant, and clerke of that office, is to provide all ling, coddes, ftock fiih, falt- 

P p herring, 



2^0 dUEEN ELIZABETH'S HOUSEHOLD BOOK, 

herring, falmon, fj!t-eeles, grey-fak, and white falte, and he is to keepe thefe provlfions-ia 
ftore, and to furnilh the Larder therewith as neede fhall require. 



The Poltltry. 

Serjeant. He hath 1 1 t. 8 s. i d. | a yeare, and i6ct. a dav boardewages, and hat^li 
for his fee all the grey conie fkinnes that be fpent in the Qneene's houfe, from AUhollontide 
until] Lent ^ he is to governe the office of the poultrie, and to anfwer all the arreragr:s. 
therein. 

Clerke. He hath 6L 13 s* 4cr. a yeare, and idd. a day boardewages ; and for hi? fee- 
all the blacke conie fkinnes which ytarely come into tjie office. He is to take the veniis of 
all the provifion that comes in, and to fee that duely brought into the Larder, and to 
irake the parcelles, breivementes, debentures, and to kecpe all other accomptes in that 
office. 

Yeoman. He hath a hundred fliillinges a}'-eare, and a meffe of meate of three difhes each 
meale, for himfelfe and the two groomes j they have for fees all the grey conie fkinnes fpenc 
from Lent to Allhollontid. 

Groomes. They have four markes a yeare apeece, and meate and fee together with' 
the yeoman. 

Fine PurvayEr. He hath a hundred (hillings a yeare, and 20 s. a day for carriage of 
.is provifions, and allowance for all charges he can reafonably aike. 

Course PuRVAYER. He hath a hundred ffiillings a yeare, and ids. a day for carriage 
of his provifion, and allowance for all charges he can reafonably aike. 

PuRVAYER OF Lmmbes. He hath a hundred ffiillings a yeare, and iS. for every Lambe,. 
with all other allowances he can afke. He is to receive all compofition lambes, and to maka 
provifion of lambes when he is appointed. 



The Scalding house. 

Yeomfn. They have a hundred ffiillings a yeare apiece, and two mefles of meate of 
three diffies of meate apeece, each raeale, for them, the groomes, and pages ; and they 
and the groomes (each yeoman doubling a groome) have for their fees, all the fethers of 
fuch provifion and fowle as come into the fcalding houfe ; and the heades, feet, heartes, 
and guizardes, of geefe, and of all other thinges that the heades and feet are to be cut off 
b'^fore they be roafled. They and their fellowes are to fcald, plucke, and drawe, all the 
fowles and other prcvifions that come into the poultry. 

Groomes. They have four markes a yeare apeece, and meate and halfe fees with their 
fellowes the yeomen. 

I Pages, 



IN THE XLIII YEAR OF HER REIGN, Sec. 1191 

Pages. They have forty ihillings a yeare apeece, and meate with their fellowes the 
yeomen and groomes. 

t 

The Pastry. 

Serjeants. They have iiL8s. r d. | betwixt them, and i6d. a day boardewages 
betwixt them. They and the three yeomen of that office, have for their fees all the pollard 
which comes of the meale yearely fpent there. They have likewife for an affay a baked 
raeate made equall with the Queenes, of every ordinary baked meate her Majeftie hath. 
They are to governe that office, and to anfwer all arrerages therein, 

Clerke. He hath 61. 13 s. ^3. a yeare, and i6cf. a day boardewages, his office is to 
cheque the Serjants if the fee be better than it Ihould be; he is alfo to fee that there be no 
extraordinary baked meates made of the Queene's charge, nor noe filching of flower or 
meale, nor laviffi expence of butter and egges, fo neare as he can. He is likewife to fee 
that the baked meates be well feafoned with that proportion of fpice which is allowed them, 
and well filled and made according to that rate which is appointed unto them j he is alfo to 
heepe the accompt of that, and to fee that no wafte be made of fauces. 

Yeomen. They have iocs, a yeare apeece, and two meffes of meate of three diflies 
apeece, for them and their fellowes the groomes ; they have equal fee with the fer- 
jants; and are to waite every weeke one, uppon the Queenes meate for her own diett. 

Groomes. They have 4 markes yearely apeece, and meate as aforefaid; and to walte as 
they are appointed by the ferjants. 

Children. They have 40s. a yeare apeece, and 6d. a day apeece boardewages. They 
are to worke and doe fuch fervice as the ferjant appulntes unto them. 

The Scullery. 

Serjant. He hath 11 t. 8s. i d. ^ a yeare, and i6d. a day boardewages. Within his 
charge are all the neceffaryes that are ufed in every office, as chiites, guarde of irons, 
tubbes, trayes, baflcets, flafl^ets, fcoopes, broaches, peeles, and fuch like, and thefc 
being worne paft ufe, are his fee. There are alfo under his charge filver dilhes, pewter 
diflies, candleflickes, and coales, of which he is to anfwer all arrerages, either of loft 
diffies, waft expences of coales, or any other. 

Clerke. He hath 61. 13 s. 4^. a yeare, and 16 u. a day boardewages; he is to fee 
the venits and returns and exchange of all necefiaries; the wafte of coales, the loile of filver and 
pewter diflies •, to make the parcells, the breivemenfes, and debentures, to keepe th* whole 
accompts of that office, and to take care that the purvayers doc their dutyes without overchargc- 
ing of any, or favouring fome more than they ftiould. 

P p 2 Yeomen, 



192 QJUEEN ELIZABETH'S HOUSEHOLD BOOK. 

YEO^t^N. Tliey have lOos. a year, and two mefles of meate of three difhes apeece, 
each meal-', for them and their fellowes the grooines and pages. They are to waite monethly, 
one upon the delivery out of coalcs, and another upon the filver veffells, affifted with the 
groomes and pages, the ferj.mt overlookeing and coroptrolling alL 

Groomes. They have 4 markes a yearc apcece, and meate with their fellowes ; they 
are to waire when they are appointed, and to make piovifion of coales as neede fhall require ; 
they have 2S. a clay when they are in provlfion of coales. 

Pages. They have 40s. a yeare apeece, and meate with their fellowes; they are to 
waite and to make provifion of herbes, as they are appointed by the ferjant. 

Children. They have 40s. a yeare apeece, and 6d. a day, each one, for boardewages i , 
they are to make deane difhes, and to wane as they are commanded. 

TiIE WooDE Yarde. 

Serjeant. He hath lit. 8s. id. | a yeare, and i6d. a day boardewages; he (lands 
clwrged wirh the woode and rulhes, and is to governe the office of the woode yarde and 
to cuifwcrall arrerages therein. 

Clerke. He hath 6t. 13 s. 43. a yearc, and 16 d'. a day boardewages, and he is Xo 
fee the venits of fuch provifion of woode and rufhes as (hall come in for her Majefties fervice, 
and; to have good regard that it be well marked and orderly brought in ; as alfo to make 
the parcel Is, breivemcntes, and debentures, and to keepe the whole accompte of that 
ofEce i not fuffering the purvayers to overcharge or favour any man's woodes, more 
thaa in reafon they ought to doe. 

Yeomen. They have iocs, a yeare apeece, and two meiTes of meate for them and 
their fellowes the groomes and pages ; they are to waite monethly upon the expences of 
woode and ruflies. 

Groomes. They have 4 markes a yeare apeece, and meate with their fellowes as afore- 
faid, and are to make provifion of woode as they fhall be appointed, and have allowance of 
zs. a day while they are in provifion. 

Pages. They have 40s. a yeare apeece, and meate with their fellowes j they are to helpe 
to waite and make provilions as they Ihall be appointed. 

Porters. 

Yeomen. They have loos. a yeare apeece, and two mefles of three diflies apeece each 
mealc, for them and their fellowes. They are to waite at the court gates, and to fuffer noe 
provifion of her Majefties, neither meate, wines, drinkes, woode, coales, or any other to 

be 



,Ifir TH(E XLIir. YEAIR^ OF HER REIGN, &c.. 295: 

be carryed out of the gates, but to take it away and give notice thereof to the white ftaves, or to 
the officers of the greencloth. 

Groomes. They have 4 markes a 3'eare apeece, and raeate with their feliowes aforefaid, 
and are to helne the yeonaen to waite when need (hall require. , 

)fl*ol: .1 -7/ l■^^ -^cA , i? 'A\ f.'iili' 

. . Herbinger. 

Gentleman. He hath a yeare, and i6d. a day boardewages, and gs. 4d.A~'d'ay" 

while he.is makeing herbigage; he and his feliowes the foure yeomen, are to provide fo oft 
ais her Majeftie removes, all the Qu^eene's men, all lordes, ladyes, and cheife officer^, need- 
full men, neceflary lodgeing, if they be not lodged in the Court. 

Yeomen. They hkve iocs, a yeare apeece, and 6d. a day apeece boardewages ; and 
a s. a day while they are making herbigage ; they are to affiQ: the gentleman in provideing of 
lodgeing as aforefaid*. 

€art takers. 

Yeoman. He hath iocs, ayfeare,- and 63". a day boardWages, and 2s. a day while he'is 
in provifion of cartes ; for he and his feliowes doe make provifion of cartes to remove 
her Majeftie and her whole houfe, at every time her Highnefs goes from houfe to houfe. 

Groomes. They have 4 markes a yeare apeece, and (>&. a day apeece boardewag«i and 
2 s. a day apeece while they are in provifion of cartes, they affift: the yeomen in that fervice. 

Beside thefe allowances aforefaide, there is iinencloth, cufhens, and greenclothe?, al- 
lowed for divers offices. ,. , ._j ,,^,, 

There is befide the, (^(Bc^rs above f|>ecified, tenne officers of the hall/ that is to' fay, four 
marlhalls, fowre fewers, and two furvayors of the dreffer ; they have for entertaincment and 
all allowances 7 d. 2 a day apeece, which comes to i 1 1. 8 s. i d. | a yeare apeece, and 1 2 d'. 
a day apeece boardewages. Their place is under the white ftaves to marfliall 'he hall, when 
her Majeftie (hall come thither, or when any embaffador or great forreigne prince fliall come 
through it. Their place in ancient time was, when the hall was kept, to fee the Lord Steward, 
the Trcafurerj the Comptroller, the officers of greencloth and houfehold, rightly placed in 
their degrees, and to fee good order kept in the hall. The fewers to receive at the drefler 
fuch meatesas were to be ferved to thofe tables, and to place it orderly upon each table; and the 
fewers to keepethe drelTers cleane, and free from vagabonds, boyes and diforderly perfons,; 
that fo the Lord Steward, the whiteftaves, and officers, might have their diettes ferved orderly,, 
cleanely, and decently,' without thronging, overthrowing, or filching, of any from them. 

There are likewife 15 fervittett' of the hall, which are to afii'flf'and'helpe thofe lotbftv^'' 
Written in their fervice j they have 40s. a yeare apeece, and 2 d. a day apeece boardewages. 

The 



i^4i Q^UEEN ELIZABETH'S HOUSEHOLD' BOOK, 

The Bakehouse. . 

Imprimis, The Serjant hath for his fee, all the branne comeing and rlfing of all the 
^vheat baked within the faid office, for the which he doth finde all boulting clothes. 

Item, the Yecman of the mouth hath for bis fee, all the branne comeing of the fine 
flower, , , 

^ Item, the Yeoman furnltor hath for his fee, all the burnt coales drawne out of the oyen. 

, . The Pantry. 

Imprimis, the Serjant hath for his fee, all tiie cbverpannes, drinking towells, and other 
linen clothe of the Kinge's fide that are darned. 

Item, the Gent, have the like fee of the Queene's fide. 

j^Ttem, the yeomen ha,ve for their fees, all the, chlpplag^.ojf" br^e.fpent wlihin the f^id 
office, for the which they fincj chipping kniv^s.jj^s ,;rf "<, . cf ,,-•» . ,,, ,,. y,; 

Item, the yeomen for the hall-place have for their fees, all the darned clothes within the 
laid oflice. 'y'oir.od co^sc^cvfi^ . cjr ?Tt^'f '; '• :f" ir ^ f"-;; (^IT • ) 

.:;: ' ni fl3mo3'( 3jdj v. 

-. ■• ■ L ' J- , The Pastry,. , . . 

Imprimis, The Serjeant and Yeoman have to fee, all the branne of the irieale fpent in 
that office, the legges of beefe at 4 feverall feaftes of the yeare onely, and all the legges of 
mutton baked within the faid office throughout the yeare, ftrickeu in the firll ioynt. 



FATUMPAN2S,,,i,, ,^, ^^,, 



/ !' ■ ■ • • ' -'• -^-irf:. .,, .;.. , ....: 

I. pane pond 36 oz ,T»i'r,7j. .n:0 •>.;; 2^" 

2f ■/ ., , 72 OZ 4I' dimid' 

3 - 108 oz 6''3qrs. 

4 rvhobiolil. bn£ p.- i44o^ 9'' 

5 . 80 oz 11'' 

wafle allowed to the King's .officers in thebakelngof a quarter of wheate, made into 216 loaves,' 
every loafe weighing into the oven 30 oz', and out of the oven 27 oz*, fo that there is allowed 
10 th^ -officers and other wade in every quarter, the weight of 47''. 

' • ' THE 



IN THE XLIU. YEAR OF HER R E I ^ N, &c.' 1^5 

THE waft allowed to a quarter of mcale in progrefTe time, every quarter makeing 20 dozen*, 
every loafe weigheing and the waitc. 



I pane pounds. 


40 02' 


2 panes. 


80 0?: 


3 panes. 


120 02' 


4 panes. 


180 oz' 


5 panes, . 


. 200 oz.' 







2li 


dimid* 




'^i 


lO'i 


dim' 


1 


;;t;n^. 


. I2I' 


dimid* 



I "t^yit^iiJ lit. 

Buttery Seller. 

Imprimis, the Serjant hath for his fee, all the' empty fouftesof wine fpent within the faid 
office, and all the cupboard clothes da(nlpned»:,^(; vij./j..^: ^ jny 

Item, the gendeman hath for bis fee all the cupboard-clothes on theQaeene's fide dampncd. 

Item, the yeoman drawer hath for his fe.^s, all the lees of wine, within fowre fingers of 
the chine, of all the wines fpent, and all the wine iheJde, in draweing in the faid office. 
The yeoman of the bottles hath for his fee all the drinkeing towelles dampned. 

BUTT£LL£RY. 

Imprimis, the yeoman of that office hath for his fees all the ale and beere fliedde in drawe- 
ing, and all the empty fouftes of ale and beere fpent within the faid office, two dayes next 
before the Kinges removeing, the place in diftance twenty miles from London, 

PlCHER HOUSE. 

Item, the Veomen have for their fees, all the clothes occupied whhin the faid office which 
are dampned. 

Garderobe. 

Imprimis, the Yeoman powder-beater hath for his fees, all the bagge* and boxes brought 
into the faid office with fpices, and ^11 the barrells once emptied brought into the fpicery 
and chaundry. 

Candell\ 

Imprimis, theSerjant, Yeoman, groomes, and pages, of the Chaundry, have for their fees, 
the cutting of the endes of all fizes, cut in the makeing of the remaines of torches burnt 
within, one foot to the end; and all the endes of quarriers and prickets burnt nigh the focket; 
all dampned clothes occupyed within the faid office ; all broken waxe, and alfo the waxe 
that runneth off at the fearing of the torches. 



aj^ QJJEEN ELIZABETH'i HOUSEHOLD BOOK, 

AqiJAR'i , -ii. . -I - 

~ Imprimis, the Serjant liatli for his fee, all diaper by the King only fpent dampned. 

Item, the gentleman hath for his fee, all diaper fpent by the Queene only dampned. 

Item, the yeoman of the mouth of the King's fide hath for his fee, the diaper and the 
plaine clothes, occupied in the King's chamber on that fide dampned. 

Item, the yeomen of the Queene's fide have for their fees, all the diaper and the plaine. 
clothes, occupyed in the Qiieene's chamber once dampned. 

Item, the yeoman of the hall hath for his fee, all the diaper and plain clothes 
dampned. 

CoquiN*. 

Imprimis, the cheife clerke of the kitchen hath for his fee, all the girdles of frefli flur- 
geon fpent within the houfe. 

Item, the mafterCookes have to fee all the falmon'stailes, the heades of breats, hellibuts, 
porpofe, chines, finnes, and lailes, pigges heades, the toiling of the leade, the lambes, and kiddes 
heades, (kinnes, and appurtenances, from Candlemas to Lammas, excepte fuche as (ball be 
to ferve the King and Queene's grace ; they have alfo the fkinnes and tallow of all the 
oxen prefented to the King and Queene, the Serjant of the Acatry being partaker with thera. 

Item, the yeomen of the kitchen and larder have to fee of the mutton and veales three 
joynts of the cragge, the two hinder legges and the rumpe, and of the oxe the fore legges 
flricken in the firll joynte, and one peece of the necke ftricken in the firft joynte. 

Item, the groomes of the kitchen and larder have to fee of the mutton, two joyntes of the 
cragge : and in lent brent oyle. 

BoYLING HOUSE. 

Item, the boylers have to fee, the dripping of the rofte, the ftrippings cut of from the 
biifket?, the furloine peece of the beefe, and the greafe coming of the draweing of the beefe 
out of the Icade, being in the kittles or pannes. 



Larder. 

Imprimis, The Serjant hath for his fee of the oxe two jointes of the rumpe chine, tWd 

jointes of the cragge, and two cloddes of the bore of the head, and the four feet, the tAO 

4 belly 



IN THE XUU. YEA-R OF HER -REIGN, &c. 297 

belly peeces, and the hinder quarters to the arfe bone ; except fo many heades as {hal be 
neceffary for the expences of the King and Queene, all empty barrells of herrings and eeles, 
•faltfalmon and fturgeon, and all the panniers of fea fifli. 

Item, The Grooraes of the larder have to fee of the hogge, the head, the four feetc, two 
jointes of the rumpe chine, two of the cr>agge. 

Aula Stama, 

Item, The office of the woodeyarde have to fee, all the fraall toppes of wood of the Kinges, 
felled for the expence of His Majefty's Houfehold. 



Emptoi'. 

Imprtmis, The Serjeant hathe to fee of the oxc, the head, the tongue, and the midriffe, 
the paunch and the four feete. 

Item, The Yeoman and Groome have to fee of the oxe, the belly peece, the rurape, and 
the flicking peece •, of mutton the heades, caules, the gathers, and their feete. 

Item, The Gierke hath to fee of the calfe, the fkinne and the head. 

Every Beefe fpent in the King's houfe, and the fee thereof, taken according to the ancient 
cuftome. 

Two livery peeces, 10 ^ 

Two croppes, 6 

Two briiketrs, 6 > 30^ 

Two furloines, 4 

Two flioulders, 4 -' >^^ 

Chines to every oxe, 4 ") n 

PhiUets, 4 J ^ 

Memorandcm, one oxe will ever comonly weigh 500, 112 lb. to the c. 

One mutton will make 10 raeffes* 

One veale 12 

One porke ^3 

One Ihnke, 24 



Pullet'. 
Imprimis, The'ferjant hath to fee, the grey conie fklnnes from Hallomas till Shrovetide. 

Q^ q Item, 



298 aUE'EN ELIZABETH*s HOUSEHOLD BOOK, &c. 

Item, The Gierke hath to fee; ail tne blacke dnd dunne conie fkinnes and the barrels. 
Item, The Groomes have 10 fee, 'all the grey conie Ikinnes from Midforaertill Uollantide 

Scalding House. 

Imprimis, The Yeomen have to fee, the downe of the geefe, fwannes, and the garbidg^- 
of poultry. 

Item, The Groomes have to fee the fethers of poultry. 



ORDINANCES 



ORDINANCES OF THE HOUSEHOLD OF KING JAMES I. 299 



ORDINANCES for the governing and ordering of the King's Household, 
SIGNED BY King James, the 17th day of July, in the id yeare of his RAfONE, 
Anno Dili, 1604 *'. 



WHERE, we are trewely Informed by our Privy-Council, that if fome reafonable Order 
be not taken, to abate the great and dayly Charge and Expence of our Houiehold, which 
of necefiity hath bene much moore encreafed fmce our comeing to the Crowne, than was in 
our deare Sifter's time; and that to provide the f^me Increafe of proviuon will not only fall 
out more chargeable than we like of, but prove more burthenfome and grievous to our lov- 
ing fubjecTtes, whofe quiet and welfare we greatly difire; we therefore thought good to de- 
minilh our faid dayly Charge of Houfehold by this meanes following, viz. 

FIRST, "Whereas Our-felfe and Our deare Wife the Queene's Majeftie, have bene every 
day ferved with 30 Difhes of Meare ; Nowe, hereafter, according to this Booke figned, 
Our Will is to be ferved but with 24 Difhes every Meale, unleflTe when any of Us fit abroade 
in State, then to be ferved with 30 Dilhes, or as many more as We fhall command. 

AND further, Our pleafure is, that one of the Clerkes of the Greencloth, and one of 
the Clerk-Comptrollers, (liall remaine and be at their B-,)ard\vages, as they were formerly, 
in the time of Our late deceafed Sifter ; notwithftanding any enuie in this Bookc* 
fisned. 



o 



AND further, Our pleafure is, that Our Second Clerke of Our Kitchin, who have their 
allowance of 2 Meffcs of 5 Difhes a-peece to every MefTe, fliall have in all but three 
Dirties at a Meale; and they to have fuch Boardewages as they had in Our late Siiler tlie 
Queene's time ; any thing contained in this Booke figned notwithllanding. 

AND further. Our pleafure is, that our Serjant Porter, who having had allowance from 
Us of 5 Dirties of Meare at a Meale, and Bouch at Court, that the fame fliali nowe ceafc,' 
and he to have in lewe thereof 160I. per annum, to be paide quarterly. 

MORE, Oar Pleafure is, that Do(51or Crarge our Phifiiion, who Is to give his da.y\y at- 
tendance, Ihall have lor his Diett continuance the Sume of 160 1, per annum, to be paide 
quarterly. 

AND llkewife, Doftor Marbccke, Phifition to Our Houfehold, who is to give the like 
attendance, rtiall have for his Diett 5 Dirties at a Meale, his Bouge of Court being not- 
wichrtianding ferved unto him, and receive the Summe of 1341'. 6s. bd". per annum, ut fupra." 

AND likewifc. Our pleafure is, that George Sheares, Our Apothecary for the Houfehold, 
who hath beene accuftomedly at Dyett with the faid Do<ftor Pv^arbecke, fliall receive the 
Summe of 6ot. per annum, to be paid as aforefaid, befide allowance of Bongc of Court. 

* From the Harleian Library, N" 642, fol. 2:S. 

Q^q 2 AND 



300 O R n 1 N A N C E S O F THE HOUSEHOLD 

AND likcwife, Our pleafnre is, that our Locke-Smiih who (bth lake extraordinary paincs, 
fliall have for his t>vo D.fucs of Mtatc, foine hi cUett, 3:1. to be paid, uc fupra. 

AND Our pleafure is, that thefe Perfons undcr-'Aritten, having allowed them bv the 
Booke finned in Our deare Sifter's time, certain Livery-mefies, of three difhcs to every Meffe, 
fliail have for every MefTe :5s. 4d. per diem; from that time they left the faid Diet per 
annum, amounting to for every raeffe 60 1. 16 s. 8 d. 

me lies. ' meffes. 

The Pantry, i The Confectionary, i 

The Woodeyarde, i The Paftery, l 

The Boyling-houfe, i The Cookesof all fides, I 

The Scullery, i The Larders for one Mefle of two ^ 

The Scalding-houfe, i Diflics per diem. j 

AND Our pleafure is, that thefe Mefles, and Livery-melTes of Meat e followeing, and not 
warranted by Our late deare Sifter's Booke figned, but commaunded contrary to order by 
our Houfehold Officers, both then and fince Our Raigne, fhall henceforth ceafe, viz. Sir 
Edward Gary, Mafter of our Jewell-Houfe, we are informed from his firft entrie into that 
Office in our late deare Sifter's Raigne, witUout any warrant of Ours, hath had fcven Dilhes 
of Meate at a Meale ; which as we are informed never any of thefe Officers ever had, 
but onely his laft predecelTor, upon good confiderations by our faid deare Sifter's efpeciall 
order; Our pleafure therefore is that the faid Diet fliall ceafe, and he to enjoye all other his 
lawfuil benefits as others have done formerly. 

LIKEWISE, being informed that without any lawfuil Warrant, both in part of our late 
deare Sifter's time, and lince our Government, Sir James Sandelan, and the Wardrobe, 
have had livery melTes of three difties at a meale, and the Bowes hath had one meft*e of 
two difties to the mefle at a meale ; Our will and pleafure is, that the faid feveral mefles 
doe ceafe. 

AND whereas in times paft Spanifli Wines, called Sacke, were little or no whit ufed 
in our Court, and that in late yeares, though not of ordinary allowance, it was thought 
convenient that fuch Noblemen and W^omen, and others of accompte, as had diett in the 
Court, upon their neceflities by ficknefte or otherwife, might have a Bowie or a Glafle of 
Sack, and fo no great quantity fpent;vve underfkandingthat within thefe late Yeares it is ufed 
as comon drinke and fcrved at meales, as an Ordmary to every meane Officer, contrary to 
all Order, ufing it rather for wantoneffe and furfeiting, than for neceffity, to a great waftefull 
expence; yet We confidering that ottentiaies fundrv of Our Nobiility, and others, dieted and 
lodged in Our Court, may for their better health defire to have Sacke, Our pleafure is, 
that there be allowed to the Serjant of Our Seller twelve Gallons of Sacke a day, and no 
more than the fame to bee fpent or delivered by him to any perfon whatfoever at meales as 
an ordinary allowance, nor to any perfon allowed in Our Court, but to fuch of Our No- 
bility and oth^r of accompte as are allowed diett and lodgeing in Our Court, and in fuch 
manner and in fuch quantity to thofe that fliall fende for the fame ; and Our Officers of the 
Greenclo.h fliall fet"down? in wrighiing to Our Officers of Our feller. 

AND we furthermore require, that Our Boylcr exceede not in cutting breakfaftes above 

three mefles of Beefe ia the day; and the fame to be daily ferved 10 the Buttery, Seller, and 

4 other 



OF KING J A M E S I. 301 

cwher inferior OMccrs of Houfehold, who (hall take paines early and late in fuch manner 
and forme as Our Officers of Greencloth Iha'.l appoint the fame. 

AND whereas there hath beene heretofore noe Increafe of dierts allowed by Warrant at 
Feftivall-times, but referred to the difcretion of Our Houfehold Officers for Our honour; 
who have increafed and decreafed the fame at their pleafures, both in diett and number of 
Dayes, whereby fome contention have growen, by challenging more allowance than is 
necelTary to any unneceilary increafe of charge ; and We underftanding that noe Tiibles 
in Our Houfe are enlarged at any of thefe Feafles, to contuine more perfons to fit at them 
than at all other times, Vv'hereby there can be no reafon yielded to fpende more Breade, Beere, 
and Gafcoine- Wine, than at any other times; for reformation whereof, and chat as is fitt the 
Diett upon Feftivall Dayes may be inlarged for Our Honour, Our Will is that thefe cer- 
tainc increafes of Service may be obferved : 

Alholland-day, i The Twelfe-day, 1 

Chriftmas-day and I Eafter-day, I 

three Holydayes, J ^ Whitfunday, I 

Neweyeare's-day, J 

Noe increafe of any mefles of meate to any perfon upon thofe dayei not formerly allowed, 
but thefe perfons followeing as hath been lawfully accuftomed : 

Serjant at armes, i mefs 

Mafter of the Jewell-Houfe, 
Heralds, 
Yeomen-Ufhers, 
Yeomen of the Jewell-Houfe, 
The Wafery, 
. The Veftry, 

The Children of the Chappell, 
The Yeoman Powder-Beater, 
The Men Landerers, 
The Gilder, being imployed, 

AND that no perfon allowed diett whatfoevcr upon thefe dayes fliall have any more 
number of Loaves of Breade, and Beere, and Wine, than is ordinary the like meffes of 
meate on all other Dayes out of Feaftes ; provided that all ten Diflics, and {e\-en DiHies, 
(hall have Two fine Cheate Loaves every Meale, more than is accuftomed dureing the time ; 
and Six Difhes One fine Cheate Loafe more than ordinary every Meale. 

AND that the Office of the Seller fhall have allowed them in thefe ten Dayes, to be 
fpent for Our Honour within the Houfe, 2 doll' dim' of good Gafcoine Wine i and the But- 
tery likewife for the time as before, befides the ordinary Service ; and for moore walle in the 
Pantry, 6th of Bread per diem. And Our further pleafure is, that for increafe of diett^ 
it fliall ftill continue, and be ferved as honourably as formerly it hath beene. 

AND that of Our fpeciall Grace taking notice, that many are already fworne Extraordinary, 
vhome we are unwilling, being fitt and meete Perfons, fhould reil unpreferred, when places 
fhall fall wherein they are fworne ; Our pleafure therefore is, that they fhall upon the next 
avoidance take preferment accordingly in Ordinary ; requireing and ftraightly comoiaunding, 

that 



502 ORDINANCES OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

that from henceforth, no Perfon be fs'orne Extraordinary in any Place or Office within the 
llonrt, without Our Privy Scale suid Warrant by Us to be figned, tor Allowance of 
the fame. 

AND further. We require that no Artificei' or Chllde in any Office be from henceforth 
f.vorne, which is according to Otir auncient and good Government of Our Houfe, 

AND further, we require according to auncient and commendable Order of Our Houfe, 
in the time of Our famous predeceffors, that noe Childe, l^age, Porters, Scowrers, and 
Turnebroches, doe from henceforth prefume to marry, upon paine of lofeing of their 
feverall Places. 

AND fuch perfons in whome, by virtue of their Office, the gift of any of the faid Places 
doe reft, doe not prefume to bellow any of the Places upon any Perfon being married, upon 
paine of Our grievous difpleafure. 

AND whereas We are given to underffcand, that diverfe Gentlemen of accompte, have 
and doe preferre and place their Sonnes, trained up in learning, to Our Officers of Green- 
cloth for their Clerkes, in hope to rife to preferment, in being fworne Our Clerkes in 
Ploufehold ; and fo in time after, as they fhall be found worthy and meete, to be chofen and 
called by us to Our Boarde of Greencloth ; and underftanding that fundry of thofe Clerkes 
heretofore, being fufficient and worthy of preferment have been prevented thereof, by place- 
ing unfiti and untrained Men, not experienced in Our Houfthold Accomptes, to be Our 
Clerkes there, to the great difcouragement of all Perfons of accompt, for placing their 
Sonnes with OurChiefe Officers, whereby a (lender choice of fufficient Clerkes, fitt to raife 
to Our Eoarde of Greencloth, hath been informed to be made : For reformation whereof, 
and for the ftrengthening of Our faide Boarde, as alfo to encourage all young Clerkes to be 
carefull, painefull, and honeft in their places ; Our will and pleafure is, that upon their 
preferments, deceafe, or placeing of any inferiour Gierke of Houfehold, there fliall be 
choice made by Our Whiteftaves and Officers of Our Greencloth out of thofe Clerkes that 
ferve Our faid Officers, that are raofl fitt to be preferred to Our fervice in thofe places fall- 
ing voide ; and upon their information and opinions unto Us of their faid choice, and We 
likeing the fame, We will take order for the placeing and fweareing of them accordingly. 
And tun her, according to the auncient Order of Our Houfe, Our will and pleafure is, 
that noe Serjant nor Clerke of Our Houfehold, nor any other ferveing Us in Place and 
office gen Ic, as Martiall of the Hall, fliall be appointed, placed, or fworne, upon the 
comeing voide of any of their places, but by Our Warrant to be fent and recorded in Our' 
Co nipting-Houfc. 



A DE- 



OF K 1 N G J A M E S I, 303 



A' DECLARATION of Boitce of Court, of every particular thing, to BKf<; 

OBSERVED BY F.VKRY PARTICULAR PeRSON, BEING OF THE Or D 1 N AR Y OF THE Kl NGc's 
MOST HoiJOURABLE HoUSE, ■ ACCORDI NG TO EVERV ONE OF THEM F^)R THEIR DhGRE^S, 
HERhAFTER DOTH ENSUE, BEING LODGED IN- THE CoURT; AND 'IN ABSENCE THE BoL'GE 
TO CEASE, viz. 



EVERY of rhem for Bouge of Conrf, to have in the Morrteirrg, One Cheate Loafe, One 
Mancher, One G.illon of AJe ; for Afternoone One Matichet, One Gallon of Ale; and 
from the lalt of Oflober unto the firil of April!, Three Torches a-weeke ; and by the day 
One Prickett, Two Sizes, one pound of VVbitelightes, and TallhiJes, E'ght Fag^^otts ; and 
from the laft'of March untill the firfte of November, to have half the quantity of the faid 
Waxe, Whitelightes, Woode, and Coales. 

AND' We being given tounderfland, that notwithflanding a Booke cf Ordinances, made 
and ligned in che begining of the Raigne of Our deare (iftcr the Ouee.ic, feiting downe 
an honourable and competent allowance of Diett and Bouge of Ccuit, for all degrees of 
Perfons allowed and lodged in the Court ; which Wee likevvife are informed was for fome 
fewe yeares then following dayly obferved, but then after in procefil- of time diihonourable 
and unreafonable exceife of daily Expences grewe in Our Houfehold and Chamber, by 
commandemenr, without our deare Sifter's privity, both in Diett and Bouge of Court, as not 
onely our loveing Subjeftes by purvaying a greater proportion, thereby made a publique 
complaii'it of the grievance, but the charge in Houfehold was increafed ; and being further 
given to underftand, that our deare fifler being upon due information truly informed hereof,.- 
gave flraight commandement to her Officers of Houfehold, joineing uith others oi' her 
Counfell, to fctle a reformation thereof, by abridgcing this increale more than thelJooke 
figned doth altowe. 



WEE now therefore, notwithftanding^ that of neceffiiy Wee are to increafe the D'ert and 
Bouge of Court in ourHoufe, yet thereby not willing to lay any greater charge and buruien 
upon our loveing Subjedis by compofition, more than neceihty and our Honour Ihall re 
quire, and to avoide and fuppreffe fundry difcords and abufes in our CoUrt, we mlrde 
forthwith, upon Our Returne from Progrefl'e, to eflablifh a Booke of Orders, as our An- 
ceflours formerly have done, to reduce our Houfehold to a better and more duiifuU civill 
Obedience and Government ; and in the meane time doe ftraightly charge and ccmmaunde 
all Perfons, of what degree foever, to obferve thefe five Orders hereunder v/ritten, for the 
perfect and due performance and exccnteing this our Booke of Ordinances by Us figned, as 
they tender Our favour, and will avoide Our heavy difpleafure, viz. 

IMPRIMIS, Our will and plenfure is, and we ftraightly charge and command, tliat thi^ 
Our Booke, figned, and by Us grounded, upon former Bookes iigned by Our Aunceflors* 
declareing in particatar the Diett and Bouge of Court of all perfons in ordinary, without 
alteration or increafe of any dilhes or mefles of meate, or of Bouge of Court to any perfon 
whatfoever, moore than is contained ia this Booke figned, or of any provifion whatfoever, 

^ more 



304 ORDINANCESOFTHEHOUSEHOLD 

iTiore than of neccffity hath beene and raufl be ufed, for the drelTeing and ferTeing out of 
Our Kitchen, all Diet allowed by Us, 

AND that all Increafcs, nowe ferved not by our BookeTigned, (hall prefently be abridged 
and ceafc, unlellc Our pleafure to the contrary by Our Order in Writeing, by Us to be 
ri:^ne'.i, to our Officers of the Greencloth, there to be recorded. And that Our Treafurer and 
(Comptroller, and other Our Officers of Greencloth, fee this Our commandment and pleafure 
forthwith to be effcded, as they tender Our favour. 

AND Our pleafure is, that that Allowance of Wafte in Breade, and Beere, and Wine, 
fliull have continuance, although not entered in Our Booke figned ; chargeing Our Officers 
of Greencloth to take order for the difpofing thereof daily, that the fame may be ferved for 
Our honour, without any purloincing or imbefeling. 

AND that this honourable allowance of Dlett and Bouge of Court may fuffice all 
perfons as formerly it hath done, when good Orders were obferved, with a remaine to the 
poore for honour of Our Court, which will be better effedred by avoiding not only fuperfiu- 
ous number of I'erveing men, by expelling the dangerous number of malTcrlefs Men, Boyes, 
and Rogues, ferveiijg in every Office and lodgeing in Our Court, ready to coihmitt any 
dilorders or outrages. 

FOR reformation whereof. Our will and pleafure is, that all Lords, Ladyes, and other 
Officers and Servants, allowed Lodgeing and Diett within Our Court, fende notice of their 
Servants into Our Compting-houfe, chargeing and commanding Our Lord Chamberlaine, 
Treafurer, and Comptroller of Our Houfe, and the Mafter of Our Houfe, to view and ex- 
amine whether there be reafon to allows fo many Servantes as by thofe notes are required j 
and they toallowe and difallowe of thofe numbers according to their difcretion, haveingregarde 
therein to fuch Our auncient Recordes in Our Compting-houfe or elfewhere, as fhall {[)cc\fy 
what number of Servants formerly have beene allowed, and fuch as they (hall fett downe 
to be allowed ; they to forefee they be comely and feemely perfons, well apparelled, and 
meet to ferve in Our Court, and to have fufficient allowance of their Lordes, and Ladyes, 
and Mafters, to maintaine them. 

AND further, Our will and pleafure is, and Wee command, that none of tliofe fo al- 
lowed to attend at Court fliall be permitted to keepe any Servant to come within OurCourt 
to attend them, unleiTe he be Cheire Secretary, or Gierke to any of Our Counfell, or Cheife 
Officer of Our Houfeholi ; which number of Our Servants fo agreed upon and fett downe. 
Our will and pleafure is, that it be brought unto Us in writeing, that We may allowe and 
afllgne the fame. 



o 



AND, for the better continuance to keepe out of Our Court all unfitt perfons and not al- 
lowed, and that all thofe allowed may be permitted to have recourfe to their Lords, Ladyes, 
and others in Our Court in times convenient; Our will and pleafure is, that Our Officers 
of Greencloth doe deliver to Our Porters at the Gates a perfect B-ok of all the names of 
thoie Serving men, fo a1low.'d to attend in Our Court, and upon w home in particular they 
are to atrenJe ; that without excufe, Our Porters may keepe out ail others unfitt perfons, 
not allowed nor ritt !o come witnin Our Court ; and if any Serveing Man or others, not 
allowed nor thought lice to come into Our Couit, doe prefle violently to come in, by colour 

of 



OFKING JAMES I. 305 

of attendance, We will Our faid Porters to flay them and bring them before Our OfEcers of 
Greencloth to be examined of their conteraptes. 

AND further. Our will is, that there be no Keyes to any of Our Backe-Gates goeine 
out of Our Court, but onely in the cuftody of our Porters, and that they have alwaies Ond 
of them attending on the Backe-Gates, to let in all fuch Carriages as are fitt and allowable. 

AND further, that thofe Our Porters, and all other Officers of Houfehold, doe obferve 
and keepe all fuch further Orders as are already fett downe in writeing, delivered unto them 
in Our late Sifter the Queene's time, and now remaineing on record in Our Compting-houfe. 

AND for the furtherance hereof. Wee doe flraightly charge and command Our Officers, 
and other Clerkes there, according to their Office and Duty by the auncient Orders of Our 
Houfe, that they make daily viewe and fearche in all Offices and Lodgeing of Our Court, 
whereby this Our Order now fet downe to be obferved and kept; and if they fliall finds la 
any place more perfons than there is allowed by colour of attendance, to bring all the faid 
perfons into Our Compting-houfe, there to be examined, and, if caufe fliall require, to be 
punifhed at the difcretion of Our Officers of Our Greencloth ; and that Our Avenor and 
Clerkes, according to their Oathes, doe make due fearch and certificate therein, without 
partiality, that Wee may underfland the fame, their dutyes herin may be better performed 
than as yet Wee are informed it hath formerly becne, as they will avoide Our difpleafure. 

AND, that Our Officers of Greencloth hath found it both inconvenient and chargeable 
nnto Us, thac any allowed Dictt fhould be lodged in the Towne, and carry the fame al- 
lowance out of Our Court; Our will and pleafure is, that our Lord Chamberlaine alfo 
provide at all Our Standing-Houfes, that all fuch I'erfons as are or Ihalbe allowed above 
Fovvre Difhesof Meate at a Meale, to be conveniently lodged in Our Court; and others not al- 
lowed Diett, whofe attendance is not fo necefTary, fhalbe by Order of Our Lorde Chamber- 
laine not permitted to lodge in Our Court. 

AND underflanding that by Order prefcribed by the late King Henry VIII. and by Our 
late deare fifter the Queene, concerning the reformation of the remaine daily of all fuch Waxe 
as Our Gentleman-Uflier, and Groomes of Our Chamber, and Groome Porters, fhould 
receive out of Our Chandry, to Our Ufe nightly ; which hath beene ncgleftcd, and the 
faid remaines converted and kept backe to their owne ufe, contrary to their allegiance ; 
Wee therefore nowe, according to the Arid good Order, doe firaightly charge and com- 
mand Our Genrleman-Ufher, Groomes of Our Privy Chamber, and Groome Porters, that 
they and every of ihem deliver backe into Our Chandry, every morning before ten of the 
clocke, the full and the whole remaine of all the Mortores, Torchetts, Torches, Quarri- 
ouref, Waxelights, Sizes, and Pricketts, that they or any of them fhall receive out of Our 
Chandry the day before, not being fpent in Our fervice ; onely willing and commanding 
One of the Clerkes of Our Spicery, every morning, to be at the receipt of the fame in our 
Chandry, by weight, willing and chargeing Our Lord Chamberlaine and Vicechamberlnin, 
upon complaint of Our Houfehold-Officers of the breach of this Order, that they command 
redreffe thereof; but if reformation infue not thereby, then Our will and pleafure is, that 
Our Officers of Houfehold and Chamber to whom it appertaineth to defaulk from their enter- 
tainement, to ftay thofe that maketh fuch defaults double the value daily of the remaine of the 
waxe and that it fhall be proved that they doe detaine and retaine as aforefaid, 

R r AND 







6 O R D I N A N C E S O F T H E HOUSEHOLD 



AND fuTthermore, whereas the Mafler Cooke for Oar Selfe, and Our deare Wife tfie 
Queene's Majeflie, having an honorable allowance of Dietr, doe preiume, contrary 
to 4111 auncient and good Orders, and to the diflionour of .Our Service, to take rawe Mcate 
out of Dilhes in nature of their Aflaies, fome quantity of all kindes of Provifions contained 
in the faid DiJlies, by which the danger of Our Pcrfon can in no fort be prevented, notwith- 
ftanding under colour and pretence of the fiime, this evill Cuftome hath crept in and been 
continued oncly in the time of Our late deare Sifter the Qaeene; our pleafure and will 
therefore is, that Our Diett in all fortes be daily ferved for Ih by Our Cookes out of Our 
Kitchens, in as large and imple manner as they receive the fame into their handes, upon 
paine of Our grievous dilpleafure; and that they take not Say of any Difli, but at the 
DrefTtr, which is to be given them by Our Sewer, either by cutting off a peece of Meare 
and giveing our Aiid Cooke to eate, or by giveing a peece of Bread, touching all Our Di(hes 
of Meate being Boylcd Meates or other Meates, as to the difcretion of the Sewer it (half 
from time to time feerae futing. 

WEE likewife undcrftand of the daily lofle of Our Silver VefTelies, Wee ftraightly charge 
and command, that no perfon, of what degree foever, fliall prefume to fend from Our 
Boarde or out of Our Privy Chamber or Prelence-Chamber, any Silver Difhes ; but if they 
fliall have ocafion to fende away any IMeate, Wee require that two of Our Officers of 
Our Scullery be commanded to attend at Our Prefence Doore, there to give Pewter 
VelTelles for the change of the faid Silver, and this to be performed upon like painc formerly 
cxpreffed. 

AND further. Wee require that fuch courfes be obferved for pafTing of allowance 
eerraine to the Privy Kirchen and Paftry, for dreffing of Our Meates, as alfo for the at- 
tendance of the OlUccrs monethly in the faid place, upon Our-feives and Our Houfehold^ 
as was and hath been accuftomably performed in the time of Our late dcceafed Sifter 
Qneene Elizabeth. 



FOR 



O F K I N G J A M E S I. 307 



For that the Lordes and others of our Counsell, upon Petitions and Rea- 
' sons declared uhto them, thinke it meete and necessary to adde. these 
• Orders and Increases following, to Our Booke already signed ; Our 
' Will and Pleasure is, that they be performed accordingly. 

l-j.^- .... 



FIRST, that One MefTe of Five Difhes, with all other incidents thereunto belonging, be 
daily ferved to the Sewers attending on the fide. 

'SECONDLY, that One MefTe of Meate of Two Diilies daily, be ferved to the Servants 
(if "the Maides of Honour attending on the Queene Our deare Bedde-feilow. 

THIRDLY, that the Clerkes of Our Signet and Counfell be daily ferved with On* Meffe 
of Seven Difhes, in fuch manner as is allowed to Our Officers of Greencloth. 

FOURTHLY, that the Chamber of Sir John Stanhope, Knight, Vice-Chamberlaine ; 
Sir John Herbert, Our Under-Secretary i Sir James Elvefton, Knight, Our Secretary for 
Scotland; Sir Roger Aflon, Knight, Gentleman of Our Bedchamber; and Mr. Fowler, 
Secretary to Our deare Bedfellow j who had an abridgement by Our Booke lately figned of 
Two Diihes of Meatc a-peece per diem, (hall have the fame reftored them againe. 

FIFTLY, the double Rofl and Mutton, heretofore ferved to the next MclTes of Our 
Treafurer, and Comptroller, flialbe continued; and that Our Spicery and Avery Ihall have 
allowance of courfe Cheate per diem, more than is allowed already fett downe by Our 
Booke fjgned. 

SIXTLY, that fuch allowance of Supper-Lightes, as formerly hath beene given to 
Tables in Our Houfe, having allowance of Diett, fhalbe flill continued. 

SEAVENTHLY, that all Lords in Counfell having allowance of Diett, and Our Lord 
High Admirall of England, upon daily notice in Our Compting-IIoufe to any of Our Officers 
efpecially appointed for the purpofe fignified that their Lordes being at Court, to have allow- 
ance fron» the firlt of November unto the firft of Aprill, OneQuarter of Coales per diem; and 
from the firlt of Aprill to the lad of Odober, if they Ihall have ocafion to expende them, 
four Bufhelles per diem. 

EIGHTLY, that all the Ladyes of the Privy Chamber, efpecially appointed to attende 
the Queene's Majcflie Our deare Bedfellowe, fliall have allowance from the firft of Novem- 
ber till the laft of March, of four Bulhelles of Coales for every tv/o Dayes. 

■ NINETLY, that the two Meffes of Meate heretofore taken from the. Chamber, and 
lately appoin:ed to be ferved to the Sewers and Groomes of the Chamber on the King's fide, 

R r 2 ihaiDe 



30» ORDINANCES OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

fhalbe rcQored snd ferved agalne on the Queene's fide ; and that the Groomes on both fides 
fhall have a place appohited to dine and fupp2 in, where they Ihall meet together to have 
reverfion of the whole Dictt on the Queene's fide ; and otherwife not to put us to any fur- 
ther charge of Diett. 

Lastly, that no Mefle of Meate, or others haveing allowance of Bouge of Court, have- 
any further daily allowance of Breade, and Beere, and Wine, Lights, Woode, Coales^ 
than is formerly contair.ed in this Our Book iigned; and tljat the Service of all forts of Waxe- 
Lights, Torches onely excepted, Ihall ceafe to all perfons whatfoever, but la Our-Selfc and 
Our deare Bedfellow.. 



BREAKEFASTES appointed by the Officers, to bee bayly served ow the 
Flesh-dayes, out of Three Messes of Beefe set downe b.y h.is Majesiie*3i 
BooKE signed. 



THE great Backehoufe, i tttcfg 

The Pantry, " l- 

The Buttery, l 

The Porters, l 

The Paftry, j 

The Scalding-hou^, i 

The Scullery, i 

The Woodeyarde, i 

The Chandry, I 

The Poultry, i 

The Ewery, i 

The Seller, i 

FIRST, that the Lord Steward of the King's Houfe, if he be prefent in the Court, be at 
leaft once a day in the Compting-houfe ; there to fee and difcerne in the obferving of fuch 
rules, proviCons, and directions, as be ordinarily fet downe by whole confent of the 
Boarde for the fame Weeke ; and that the faid Lord Steward doe fitt in the Compting-houfe 
once every Quarter, to fee the eftate of the Houfehold, that is to fay, all fuch debtes as 
Ihalbe oweing at that time, to the intent of all fuch goodes as there is in hande. Money, Tayles, 
or Aflfignements, that payment may be made to the Creditors, by the advife and difcretion 
of the Lord Steward, and the Officers of Greencloth. 

ITEM, that the Lord Steward, Mr. Treafurer, and Mr. Comptroller, of the King's 
mod honourable Houfehold, or any of them, without other great caufes of Counfell not 
letting them, Ihalbe dayly in the Compting-houfe betweene the houres of Eight and Nine 
of the Clocke in the Morning, calling unto them the Cofferer, Marter of the Houfehold, 
Clerk of the Greencloth, and one of the Clerk-Comptrollers at the leaif, the other being oc- 
t»picd in the King^s Service or otherwife j there to fitt, and have brought before them all 

the 



OF KING JAMES L 309 

the Bookrt, Breivements of all the Officers of Houfehold, declaring the Expences of the faid 
Houfeholid for the day before paffed ; and if chance they ftiall finde any waftefuU expences 
m have beea made by any Minifter in his Office, that then he, by whome fuch waftefuU 
expences hath beene made, to be catted before the faid Officers to make anfwsr to the 
fame, and as he or they (halbe found culpable, fo to be punifhed as (halbe thought meet 
by the difcretion of the Head-Officers. 

THE Cofferer (hall dally fut at the Greencloth, with the other Officers there, at the la- 
groffing of the Bookes, and to inrreat of caufes of the Houfehold at all times as fhalbe re- 

cjuefted* 

ITEM, the faid Cofferer (hall weekely take out the proportion of the CTerkes Accompts 
for the Provifions to be made in every Office for the weeke to come, or for longer time as 
caufe lliall require; and therupon he to call before him the Purvayers of every Otfice, deli» 
vering the proportions entirely and wholy ferv^ed, and that the fame be good and of the 
beft ftuffe for the King's mod advantage and profit. 

ITEM, that the Cofferer doe give Preft-Money before hand to Our Purvayer?, to whorae 
it (hall appertaine for makeing of the faid Provilions, chargeing and caufeing the faid Pur- 
vayers at every Monethe's ende, or wichin five dayes at the moft after the expireing of every 
Moneth, to make entrance with the Clerkes of the Office of all Provifions as they have made 
within the faid Moneth, for the Expence of the faid Houfehold ; and the faid Purvayers, de- 
faulting that to doe, to be punifhed therefore as in that caufe they fliall deferve. 

ITEM, the faid Cofferer fhall make due paiment to all the King's Servants for their 
Wages, Fees, Eoardwagcs, when it grovveth due to them without delay ; and alfo to the 
King's Subjeds, upon fuch Debentures as they ihail bring unto them for the expences of 
the King's mofl honourable Houfehold. 

ITEM, the faide Cofferer (hall yearely, within one Moneth after the expences of every 
Yeare, make eftate in his Booke called the Journall, for entring any Debenture or other 
paiment in the fame, the Booke called the Under, and Memorandum; and the faid Journall*. 
with the two other Bookes being fo perufed to lay upon the Greencloth daily, to the intent 
the Accompts and others the particular Clerkes may take out the furames (o entred into the 
faid Bookes, whereby they (treeke their Lidgers, and fo bring their Accompts incoQtinent 
upon the fame. 

ITEM, that the Treafurer and Cofferer be two feverall Perfons, and that every of fuch 
Summe or Summes of Money as the faid Treafurer ffiall receive of any of the faid Af- 
£gnements, within five or fix dayes at the furtheft after the Receipt thereof, it fhall be 
brought into the Compting-houfe, and delivered unto the King's Cofferer by the overfight of 
the Comptroller, and to be entred into the faid Lidger. 

ITEM, that DO paiment be made in Money, nor in Taille or Aflignation, by the Trea- 
furer, Cofferer, or Gierke of the Greencloth, but openly in the Compting houfe, being pre- 
fent the Lord Steward or Comptroller at the lealt; and that the Cofferer make no paiment to- 
the King's Creditour by way of Merchandife, but onely by the King's owne Money as he 
doth receive it ; upon paine of the forfeiture of the faid payments to the King. 

7 THE 



310' ORDINANCES OF THE HOUSEHOLD 



f 



THp Maftcr of the Houfchold in the abfence of the Great Officers (halbc dallv in the 
Compting-houfe, and fit.c there at the Gieencloth bet.vixt the houres of Eight and Nine in 
the Morncing ; and to caufe to be brought before them the Book.es and the Breivements of 
theOtEces of lloufehold, for the day before pad; and to perufe the fame fubftantlally in coa- 
fidcring of waltefull expences that have bcene made in every of the faid Offices, or not; 
in cafe any fuch fhalbe found to have beene made, that then they to call before them the 
offenders who had the mi-niftration- in- the faid office, where fuch vvaftefuU expences have 
bcene made, to anfwer the fame, and to be puniffied at their difcretion. 

ITEM, the faid Mafters of the Houfehold, or two of them at lead, that is to fay, one 
Matter of the houfehold for the King and one for the Queene, ffiall daily in the Larder 
aswell viewe and fee that the Vi6lua!ls there brought be good, fA^eete, and meete to ferve 
the King's Majefiie and the Qiieene's Grace withall ; as alfo the delivery of the fame 
into the handes of the Cookes for the ferveing of the King's grace, and the C^eene, and the 
Huufehold, 

ITEM,, the faid Mafters of the Houfehold fhall as well give great charge daily to the 
Cookes of the well dreffing of the King's Meate and the Queene's, as alfo to fee the faid 
Meate feet out at the Dreffcrs daily at every Meale, like as it was put and delivered into the 
Cooke's handes ; and to attend and followe the fcrvice of the fame at every Meale, and at 
every Courfc. 

ITEM, the faid Mjflers of the Houfehold fliall fee that all the diforders of the Houfe- 
hold be reformed, as they (hall thinke convenient; and punifh the Offenders thereof accord- 
ing to their defcrving. 

ITEM, the faid Maflers of the Houfehold, with the Clerkes of the Greencloth, and the 
Gierke Comptroller, fhall weekely, once or twice in the Weeke, take viewe in all the Offi- 
cers Chambers in the Houfehold, to fee if any Straungers be eating in the faid Offices or 
Chambers at Mealetimes, or at any other times, contrary to the King's Ordinances, and in 
cafe they fliall fmde any off^rnding therein, to make negleft thereof through the fufFerance 
of the Iloufe; and that the Chamberlaiue of the King's fide and the Queene's fide fhall 
make the like fearch within all the Chambers belonging to every fide, and if they fliall finde 
any diforders therein, then to f;.e the fame reformed as it ffiall require. 

. THE Gierke of the Greencloth ffiall fitt daily in the Compting-houfe at the Greencloth, 
there to ingrolfe andcaft up all the particular Breivements of the Houfe after they ffiall 
be ccrreLted, and the fame lO corrected and caft up, to be entred in the Parchement-Uoggetts 
called the Maine-Doggett; and the fame Doggett fo entred and ingroffed to remaine in the 
Compting-houfe for a Record, v»'ithout t;;keing it away from thence by any Officer. 

ITEM, that they doe monethly, within fix days after the expirement of every Moneth, 
call into the Compting-houle the parcells endcnted of all the particular provifions in every 
Office for the Houfehold, for the expences of the faide Houfehold for the Moneth pafl"ed ; 
and after they have beene perufcd and feene by the Clerke-Comptroller, end the Mafters 
of the flouf hold and theinfc-lves together, then there to ingrolfe them up and enter ihein 
into their Lidger called the foot of Parcells. 

ITEM, 



O F K I N G J A M E S I. 3c j 

ITEM, that they fhall yearely make the Cofferer's Accompts for the cxpences of the 
Yeare pall, foe the fame may be made perfect to put into the Exchequer yearely, within 
the Terme of St. Hillery ; upon paine to loofe one Quarter's Wages defaulting the fame. 

ITEM, the faide Clerkes of the Greencloth (hall fafely keepe all the Bookes concerning 
their Office, after they have ingroifed them up, privately to themfelves, without the View 
or Sight of them to any other Office unto the Yeare's end, that the fiid booke fhalbe ex- 
amined with Accompts and Particulars for the perfecting of the fame ; and in like wife Qaail 
the Clerkes Comptrolements of all their Bookes touching their Office. 

ITEM, they fhall make every Halfe-Yeare view of the expences of the Houfehnld, that 
ic may be feen what the charge of the faid Houfehold doth amount unto for the faid Halte- 
Yeare. 

ITEM, that the Gierke of the Greencloth, or Chelfe Clerke-Comptroller, doe not take or 
receive any part of the yearely reward until! the time they quarterly h:ive made up their 
Bookes of allowance for the Quarter paft ; and fo from Quarter to Qiiarter to the 
Yeare's end ; to the intent the King may have a viewe quarterly of the expences of the 
Houfehold. 

AND the Treafurer to have no caufe of delay in the glveing in Accompt into the Ex- 
chequer, but that it may be delivered within Six Monethes after the Yeare's ende ;. and that 
then the faid Clerkes of the Greencloth and the Cheife C'.eike Comptroller, iraediatel^y 
before the faid Bookes foe by them ingroifed, be paide by the handes of the Coiferer in 
the Compting-houfe. 

ITEM, the Clerkes-Comptrollers, or one of them, fliall daily viewe the King's Chamber 
and the Queene's, as alfo all Offices of Houfehold, to advife and lee the attendance 
or abfence of all them that be appointed under the Clerkes of the Houfehold; and not 
onely to default and cheque the Wages of all thofe whome he fhall finde to be abfent with- 
out Licence, but alfo to default and cheque the Wages of all them which be not in the 
Houfe, whoe the King's' Ordinance (had fitt at Dinner and Supper within the King's 
Chamber and the Queene's, and doe not lb, but be abfent away without I>icence fo to be, 
attending in other places contrary to the King's Ordinances and againft his Honour. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes-ComptroUers in fo perufing the Houfe ffiall daily note the number: 
of Servants in any of the faid Offices more than is appointed to bee by the King's Ordinances,, 
or elfe any Siraunger or Vagabonde be within the fame; or in cafe he or they Ihall finde any 
fuch, then that he for the firit fault fhall admoniffi the Servants, or in his abfence the 
Chiefs Officer, who Ihalbe there attendant when fuch ffiall be founde, that they be 
avoided, and no more they thither to refort ; and being there the fecond time founde after 
the warneing given them, that then every of the faid Servants or Kcade-Officers ffiall loofe 
two Dayes VVages for every time being founde culpable. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes-Comptrollers ffiall for every Quarter of the yeare keepe a Rolie 

of Parchment, that ffial be called the Cheque llolle,. which ffiall contain the names of all 

them which ffial be of the Ordinary and within the Cheque of the Houfehold -, and daily to 

prefcnt in the fair.e Rolle the allowance of the Wages of all rhera which ffiaJl be 

4 attendant; 



3ia ORDINANCES OF THE HOUSEHOLD. 

attendant; and the dcfaulcation and the Cheque of Vv^ages of all them which flialbe 
abfent. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes Comptrollers, or one of them at the leafl, (hall be daily at the 
Greencloth with the other Officers, as before is mentioned ; and the other of them to fee the 
viewe and comeing in of all provifions in every Office of the Houfehold, difcreetly ad- 
vifeing that the faid provifions be good (luffe, and meete to be fpent within the Houfe for 
the King's honour ; or elfe to rejetl and retnrne the fame backe againe to the P'urvayers, 
and to make relation thereof to the Greencloth of the badnefTe of the ftufte; to the intent 
that the Purvayers which bought the fame may bee puniflied as they deferve in that be- 
halfe, fo difappointeing the Houfe; and that the faid Clerke-Comptroller upon the viewe 
and fight of the coming in of the faid provifions, being good ftuffe, fhall make Entrie and 
Recordes, and bring it to the Greencloth, and there to allowe as much of the fame as 
ihalbe brought and fpent; and if any more fhalbe prefented in any Breiveraenis than by his 
Recordes (hall appeare to have beene fpent, then the Gierke CotiiptroUcr, to difallow the 
fame. 

ITEM, the faid Clerkes Comptrollers (hall daily take the Infra and Extra of Waxe in the 
Office of the Chaundry, to trie the expenccs of the fame, and give allowance accordingly ; 
and alfo at fuch times as the remaines (lialbe taken in the Office of the Pantry, Seller, and 
Buttery, by the Clerks of the Kitchin, that then the Clerkes Comptrollers to goe with them 
to take the faid Remaines, to avouch with them what the expences will arife unto. 

ITEM, the faid Comptrollers (hall fitt at the Greencloth, as well to oppofe the prifes of 
the Poultrie-fliuffe, Frefh-Water Fi(h, and other Viflualls fpent; as alfo in the giveing of al- 
lowance of all the Poultry in the Pull-Rowles, Pull-Bills, Spiccry, and other particular 
Brtivements of the Houfehold, takeing advice of other Officers fitting at the Greencloth in 
cafes where it (hall require. 

ITEM, the faid Comptrollers by the advice of the others Officers of the Greencloth (hall 
paffe all Billes of allowance, as well for Boardwages as other provifions and nece(raries; 
and fuch Billes by them fo paffed to enter into a (landing Ledger, there to rcniaine as matter 
of Recorde. 

ITEM, the faid Comptrollers fiiall yearely make the Bookes of Accompts of the King's 
Houfehold, and Qiall be put yearly into the Exchequer to be avouched to the Cofferer's 
Accompts. 

ITEM, one of the Clerkes-Comptrollers (hall daily fee all Fees which the Officers of 
Houfehold have, before that they (liall take them out of the Houfe, to viewe whether they 
be larger taken than they ought to be or not ; and if they (hall fo findc it to punilh the Of- 
fenders thereof; and if any Officer prefume to take any fee before they have beene viewed 
by one of the Clerkes-Comptrollers, that then they that (hall fo doe (hall loofe the Fee fo 
taken away for ever after. 

ITEM, that the Comptrollers and their Clerkes be well governed, to give other men ex- 
ample to be the better governed. 

HERE 



THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PRINCE HENRY, A,D, 1610. u- 



HERE FOLLOWETH THE COPPY OF THE ASSIGNATIOf^ OF SUCH LANDE5 AND RKVENF.WES 
As WERE APPOINTED FOR THE SUPPORTATION OF PjllNCE HeNRY, ELDEST SONNE TO 
OUR. SOVERAIGNE LoRD KiNgJaMES THE FIRST, THE 9Ch DAY OF INIaY, AnNO i610*. 



The Dutch}' of Cornewall, viz. h s. d. 

In manors, landes, and tenements^ belides cafualties, 1713 12 25 

Coinag'i Cuflome, communibus annis, - 2000 o o 

The presmption of linne, - ~ 8000 o o 



The Principality of Wales, 

In North-wales in landes, per annum, 
Fee-farme rents, per annum. 
South-wales in lands, per annnm, 
Fee-farme rents, per annum. 



910 2. o| 
98 4 I 

274 10 11 
46 1 6 



iii7'3 12 2| 



1328 18 6| 



The Earledome of Chefler, in th<' Counties of 



Chefler, in lands, per annum, 
Flmte, in lands, per annum, 
Fee-farme rents, . per annum. 



252 12. 22 

J85 5 o 
43 13 ^ 



481 10- 8|i 



Summe totall of the Duchy of Cornewall, the Principah'tie of Wales, 
and Earldome of Chefler, viz. in 

Landes, per annum. 
Coinage Cuftome, per annum, 
Preemption of tinne, per annum, 
Fee-ferme rentes, per annum, - 



Other landes appointed by your Lordfliippes for the Prince, in 

North-wales, 
South-wales, 



Befides this value, there is 507!. los. lof d. in land, in 
Wales, graunted to the CounteflJe of Northumberland for: 
terme of her life, without rent. 

* From the Harleian Library, N' 642, fol, 3J9» 
S f. 



3336 2 4. 

2000 

8O0O 

187 19 I 




le Prince, in 

2066 2 2| 
1317 5 9i 


J3;S24 I S- 




3383: ^ ol 



BaRKESHIRE.: 



314 THE ESTABLISHMENT, OF PRINCE HENRY. A. D. i6ro. 

Barkeshire. The caftle and manor of Wallingford, 

Oxfordshire. The manor of Ewelme, 

The manor of Benfington, 
The manor of VVatlingcon, 



"WiLTESHiRE. The mannor of Steeple Afheton, 
The manor of King's woode, 



Somersetshire. The manor of Glaflon, 
The manor of Henton, 
The manor of Norton, Sci. Phi. 
The manor of Eftbrent, 



Devonshire. The manor of Ottery Beate Marie, 

The manor and burrough of Bovitracy, 



CoRNEWALLE, The manor of Lancedon, 

The city of the Priory there. 
The manor of Ryalton, 



t, 


. s. 


, d. 


t. 


s. 


$. 








31 


I 


10 


lOO 


I 


If 








26 


4 


5i 








47 





1 1 


173- 


6 










6 


85 


5 


Si 








7^ 


9 


6 


163 


M 










III 


254 


17 


6i 






' 


63 


8 


9 








48 


3 


2 








7^ 


6 


9 


444 


16 










2j 


139 


14 


4 








55 


2 


9 


194 


16 










2| 


142 


II 


8 








15 


18 


6 








60 








21S 


10 










2 



Fee-farme rentes charged in the Pipe Office. 

The Signory of t)orchefl:er, - " - -20 o o 

The Signory of Excefter, • - 25 o o 

The Signory of Plimoth, - - 200 



47 o o 

Southampton. Manerium de Soraerford, per annum, 85 3 81 

Northampton. Manerium de Queene's Norton, - 285 10 o|- 

Manerium de Ketteridge,. -^ 71 14 61 

357 4 7i 
Dorfer. 



THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PRINCE HENRY, A. D. i6io. 315 

It s. d. }. s. d. 

Dorfet. Manerium et Prebend* de Charminfter, - 35 2 i 

Bafkefhire, Manerium de Blubery, - 109 11 ii^ 

Manerium de Sutton Courteney, - 73 9 5i 

Manerium de Clewere et Binfeeld, - 50 6 5I 



233 7 10^ 

Wiltihire. Manerium de Cherielle, per annum, • - 50 15 li: 

Surrey. Manerium de Chertefy, Hadwick, Egham et 

Thorpe, per annum, 212. 18 7I 

Manerium de Batterfey et Wandefworth, 77 10 6 

290 9 If 

Suffex. Manerium de Preftone per annum, - - 39 o o 

Somerfet., Manerium et hundred' de Keynefham, - - 50 3 8 

Summe total for the Prince ; Tiz, in 

Landes, per annum, - -^ - 9jI34 8 d? 

Coinage Cuftov.e, - -^ - 2000 o o 

Pre-emptions of Tinne, - -. - 8000 o o 

Fee Farme iUnts, - "* " 187 19 i 

29,322 7 7 

DIVERSE barren foreftes in Wales, and forae fewe parkes, but all the foreftes disforerteda, 
and without deere, and the parkes in leafc for a long time. 

In Cheshire, two foreftes and two parkes, but noe deere in the foreftes. And the 
parkes, the one in fee farme, the other in Leafe for a long time. 

FoRESTES AND PaRKES OF THE PrINCe's DISPARKED AND IN LEASE, vIz. 

Knarefburoughy Foreft barren and disforefted ; three parkes, whereof two difparked' 
and in leafe, the other in leafe, though not difparked, to Sir Henry Slingefby. 

In the Duchy of Cornewalle, one foreft barren and disforefted. Nine parkesj 
whereof two in fee ferme, the one difparked, the other being Barkehamfted parke, haveing, 
deere in that,and feven others difparked and in leafe for a long time. 

Sfa. EORESTEa. 



Si6 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PRINCE HENRY, A, D. 1610. 



iFORESTES AND Parkes of the Prince's kot disparked, and under his IIigiines 

GOVERNMENT. 

Sunnlnghill parke pafled unto the Prince, as belonging unto the Manor of Sunninge 
and Eye, as is conceived. 

Byflett parke, belonging to the Manor of Byflett, pafTed under his Highnes. 

The parke of Woodftocke with the app«rtinances, and Cornbury parke included, as it 
is conceived by grant of that Manor with the appertinances. 

Richemonde parke, included with the houfe and manor of Richeraonde. 

•Okeley ^arke in Shropfliire, the herbage granted away. 

Beawdly parke in Worcefterfhire, the herbage graunted away. 

The Foreft of Roche in Somerfctfhire. 

Alborne Chafe in Wiltefhire in a maner disforefled, by reafon of the Warren of Conyes 
there being in leafe for a long tiine4 



THE 



THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD, 317 



THE COPPY OF THE Book. E signed by Prince Henry, for the Allowance eF 
Diet, Wages, Boardwages, Rewards, and Lyveries, that weere belonging 
UNTO His Chamber, Household, and Stables. Anno Domini 1610*. 



For the Prince hisHighnesBreakefast. 



Manchet, 


2 


bUPPERv 




Cheate fine, 


2 






Cheate, 


4 


Manchet, fine. 


5 


Beere, 


3 gallons 


Cheate, fine, 


4 


Wine, 


I picher 


Cheate, courfe, 


12 


Beefe, 


I fervice 


Beere and Ale, 


1 gallons 


Mutton, 


I fervice 


Wine, 


3 pichers 


CJiickennes, 


2 


Mutton boyled. 


I fervice 






Veale boyled. 


I fervice 






Chickens boyled. 


3 


Upon a Flesh Day, 


Dinner. 


Pigeons boyled. 


4 






Mutton roft. 


2 fervlcess 


Manchets, fine, 


5 


Veale roft. 


2 fervices 


Cheate, fine, 


4 


Legge of Mutton, 


I 


Cheate, courfe, 


12 


Tongues, 


2 


Beere and ale. 


10 gallons 


Capon„ 


I 


Wine, 


3 pichers 


Chickens, 


5 


Mutton boyled. 


2 fervices 


Lapwings, 


3 


Veale boyled. 


2 fervices 


Parteridges, 


2 


Chickennes boyled. 


3 


Larkes, 


18 - 


Pigeons boyled. 


4 


Conyes, ^ 


3 


Beefe, 


I fervice 


Lambe, 


quarter 


Veale, 


2 fervices 


Conyes to bake. 


1 pye 


Shoulder of Mutton, 


I 


Tongues, 


2 


Legge of MuttoD, 


I 


Peares, 




Goofe, 


I 


Dulcets 


I fervice 


Capon, 


I 


Tart, 


1 


Chickens, 


5 






Parteridgcs, 


2 






Conyes, 


3 


For Collation after 


Supper. 


Lambe, 


quarter 






Lapwings 


3 


Manchet, 


I 


Conyes to bake> 


I pye 


Beere, 


2 gallons 


Peares, 


I pye 


Wine, 


1 picher 


Chewcts, 


I fervice 






Cufterd, 


I 






Tart, 


I 







DIETTS 



* From the Harleian library, N" 642, fo. 241. 



3iB 



THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOL^r'^ 



DIETTS TOR THE PRIi5CE HIS HiGHNES, VIZ, 



Dinner. 

Bread, Beere, Ale, and Wine, 

as upon a flelh day. 
Chickens boyled. 
Mutton boyled, 
Veale boyled, * 

Lambe boyled, 
Shoulder of Mutton ro/1, 
Veale roll, 
Legge of Mution, 
Capon in greace. 
Chickens, 
Partric'ges, 
Lapwings, 
Larkes, 

Conyes, ,, 

Peares, 
Cuftard, 
Tart, 
Lyng, 
Pyke, 
Carpe, 
Whireings, 



Upon a Fish Day. 

Supper, 

Breade, Beere, Ale, and Wine, 
as at dinner aforefaid. 

4 Chickens boyled, 4 

2 fervices Mutton boyled, 1 fervice 

I fervice Veale boyled, i fervice 

quarter Lambe, quarter 

1 Mutton rod, 2 fervices 

2 fervices Veale rofl:, 2 fervices 
I , Capon, 1 

1 Chickens, 5 

5 Partridges, 2 

2 Snypes, 5 

3 Conyes, 3 
18 Lapwings, 3 

3 Peares, i pye 

pye Dulcetts, i fervice 

Tart, I 

Lyng, I fervice 

fervice Pyke, 1 

fervice Carpe, i 

Whiteings, 1 fervice 

fervice Haddocks, i fervice 



FIVE 



OF PRINCE H E N R T, A. D. i^io. 



3x9 



FIVE Messes of Eight Dishej. 

A DIETT OF ONE Messe of eight dishes to the Chamberlain, one messe to the 
Treasurer, one messe to the Comptroller, one messe to the Secretary, and 

ONE MESSE 10 THE GrOOME OF THE StOOLE, VIZ. 

Upon a Flesh Day. 



Dinner. 



Supper. 



Manchet fine. 


I 


Manchet, 


Cheate, 


8 


Cheate, 


Beere, 
Gafcoine Wine, 


4 gallons 
I picher 


Beere, 
Gafcoine wlne^ 


Sacke, 




Sacke, 


Beefe and Mutton, 


I fervice 


Mutton boyled. 


Veale rolled. 


2 fervices 


Mutton roile. 


Capon in greace. 
Chickens, 


I 
5 


Capon in greace. 
Chickens, 


Snipes, 
Lambe, 
Cuftard, 


5 

quarter 

I 


Cockes, 
Lambe, 
Dulcet, 


Tart, 


I 


Tart, 



I 

8 

4 gallons 

I picher 



2, fervices 

I 

5 
2 

quarter 

X 

I 



BIETT to the Chamberlain, Treasurer, Comptroller, Steward, and Groome 

OF THE StOOLE, VIZ. 







Upon a 


FISH DAT, 






- 




Dinner. 






Supper. 


y 


Breade, Beere, a 


nd Wine, 




Breade, Beere, 


and 


Wine, 




as upon a Flelh day. * 




as at dinner 


aforefaid. 




Lyng and Codde, 


2 V 


Lyng and Codde, 






2 fervices 


Pyke, _ 


1 




Pyke, 






I 


Whiteing, 


1 




Whiteing, 






I 


Gurnard, 


] 




Gurnard, 






I 


Soales, 


1 


[ payer 


Soales, 






I payer 


Playce, 


3 


[ fervice 


Playce, 






i^ fervice 


Cufterd, 


] 




Dulcets, 






1 fervice 


Tart, 


1 




Tart, 






I 


Butter, fweer. 




lib. 


• Butter fweet. 


- 




lib. 
THREE 



;ao 



THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD^ 



THREE Messes OF Sixe Dishes-. 



A DIETT OP ONE MESSE OF SIX DISHES TO THE CoFFEREK, ONE MES9E TO THE ClERKB 

Comptroller, and one messe to the Chiefe Clerke of the Kitchin. viz. 



Dinner, 



Supper. 



Manchet^fyne,, 


I 


Manchec, fyne. 


Gheate, 


6 


Cheate, 


Beere, 


3 gallons 


Beere, 


Gafcoine Wine, 


I picher 


Gafcoine Wine, 


Sacke, 




Sacke, 


Beefe ami Mutton, - 


I fervjce 


Mutton boyled, 


Yeale roft. 


2 fervice^ 


Mutton rofle,. 


Capon, 


I 


Capon, 


Conyes, 


2 


Conyes, 


Culler, 


I 


Dulcets, 


Tarc,^ 


I. 


Tart, 



r 
6 

3 gallons 
I picher 

1 

2; 
I 
2 

I fervicfe. 
I 



THREE Messes of Five Dishes:. 

A DIETT oP^ ONE MESSE OF five Dishes to the Gentlemen Ushers Daily 
Waiters; one messe to the Equerries, and one messe to the Second Clerke 
OF the Kitchen, VIZ, 



Dinner*. 



Supper* 



Cheate, fyne, 
Gheate, courfe,.; 
Beere, 
Wine,. 
Beefe, 
Veale, 

Capon courfe, 
Coney, 
^ked raeatei,:. 



I 


Clreate, fyne. 


I' 


4 


Cheafe, courfe. 


4 


2 gallons 


Beere, 


2 gallons 


I picher 


Wine, 


I picher 


I fervice 


Mutton boyled,'. 


I fervice 


i.fervice 


Mutton rofte, 


I' fervice 


I 


Capon courfe,^ 


I 


I 


Dulcets, 


1 fervice 


Xl 


Coacy,^ 


I. 
A DIETT 



O l^ PRINCE HENRY, A. D. i6ro. 



321 



A DIETT OF ONE MESSE OF FOUR DISHES TO THE ClERKE OF THE SpICERY, ONE 
MESSE TO THE AvENOR, ONE MESSE TO THE ChAPLAINES, ONE MESSE TO THE ROBES, 
AND ONE MESSE TO THE ElGHf GrOOMES OF THE GrEAT ChaMBER, VIZ. 



Dinner. 



Supper. 



Cheate, fyne, 
Cheate, courfe. 
Be ere, 
Beefe, 
Veale, 
Coney, 
Baked raeate. 



I 


Cheate, fyne. 


3 


Cheate, courfe, 


2 gallons 


Beere, 


I fervice 


Mutton, 


I fervice 


Mutton rofle. 


I 

X 


Coney, 
Dulcets, 



I 

3 

2 gallons 

I fervice 

1 fervice, 

I 

I fervice 



a diett of one messe of three dishes to the gentlemen ushers of the 
Privy Chamber, and six messes of Household Officers, fowre to every messe. 



Dinner. 



Supper. 



Cheate, courfe, 
Beere, 
Beefe, 
Veale, rofle. 
Coney, 



3 Cheate, courfe, 

I gall' dim' Beere, 

I fervice Mutton, boyled, 

I fervice Mutton, rofte, 

I Couev, 



I gaU'dim' 
I fervice 
I fervice 

I 



A dictt of three difhes unto Mr. Connocke, when he (hall waite upon the Prince. 

A diett of one meffe of three difhes to the Handing Wardrobe, daring the Prince his 
Highnes being at Richmonde. 



T t 



A DIETT 



jtz THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD 



A DIETT or one Messe or two dishes to the Gentlemen Ushers Quarter Wai« 

TERS, ONE MESSE TO THE PaGES OF THE BeDCHAMBER, ONE MESS£ TO THE WaRD' 
ROEE OF BeDDES, AND ONE MESSE TO THE GrOOME PoRTER. 



Dinger, 



Supper. 



Cheate, courfe, 
Beeie, 
Beefe, 
Concy> 



2 

I gallon 
I fervice 
I 



Cheate, courfe, 
Beere, 

Murcon, boyled. 
Coney, 



2 

I gallon 
I lervicc 
I 



A DIETT OF TWO DISHES TO THE KeePER OF THE HoUSE, ONCE IN THE DAY. vIz, 



Dinner. 



Cheate, courfe, 
Bcere, 
Veale, 
Coney,. 



2 

I gallon 
I fervice 

X 



A DIETT OF ONE DISH TO THE LaUNI>KESSE FOR THE BoDY, AND Oi^E DISH TO 
THE CloCKE-KeEPER, ONCE IN THE DAY. VIZ. 



Dinner. 



Cheats, Cour.'c, 

Beere, 

Veale,. 



dim* gallon 
1 fervice 



For THE Yeomen of the GuARrE, 



Cheate, courfe, 

B ere, 

Beefe or Mutton, 



zo gallons 
I fervice 



THE 



OF PRINCE H E N R y, A. D. 1610. 323 



THE NAMES OF THE PrINCE HIS HiGHNES SERVANTS BELONGING TO THE ChAMBER, WIT« 

THEIR WAGES AND BOARDWAGES. 



Chamberlain. Sir Thomas Challenor ; wages, 66t. 13s. 4(t. 
Diett or boardvvages. 

Secretary. Adam Newton ; wages. 
Diett or boardwages. 

Groome of the Stoole. Sir David Murrey; wages i2\, 6s. 8(i. 
Diett or boardwages. 

I. 
Cupbearers. Roger Palmer, . 20 

Francis Godolphin, zo 

Sir Thomas Waynraan, extraordinary. 

Carvers. Sir Arthur Manwairing, 20 

Edwarde Salter, 20 

Sewers. Sir Edmund Varney, 10 

Humfry Courtier, 20 

♦ . Leggatc, extraordinary. 



Gentlemen Ushers of the Privv Chamber. 

Sir Robert Darcy, 20 Diett 

Sir William Erwine, 20 Diett 



Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber in ordinary. 

Sir Peregrine Eerty. 
Sir William Fleetwoode. 
Sir rhillip Gary. 
Sir John Danvers, 
Sir Thomas Woodhoufe. 
Sir John Wenrworth. 
Sir George Goreing. 
Sir Thomas trfkyne. 
Sir Edward Lewis. 
Sir Andrew Murrey. 

Tt 2 Sir 



3'24: • THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD 



Sir John Levif&n. ^ 

Sir Robert Carre. 

Mr. Moore. 

Mr. Clare. 

Mr. Southecotc. 

Mr. Dalliiigron. 

INlr. Inneys. 

Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber ExiaAORDiNARV. 

Mr. Bridges. 

Sir Thomas Mildmay, Knight Baronett, 

Sir Henry Payton. 

Sir Henry Bowyer. 

Sir William Mainard. 

Sir Thomas Cornwalle. 

Sir Richard Tycheborne. 

Sir William Douglas. 

Sir Robert Phillips. 

Sir Robert Yaxeley. 

Sir Francis Leigh. 

Sir Francis Worteley. 

Sir Thomas Pantone. 

Sir George Ramfey. 

Sir William Alexander. 

Mr. Pawlet. • ' , 

Mr. Brocktt. 

Mr. James Murrey. 

Mr. Blunte. 

Mr. Connocke. 

Mr. Gerrarde. 

Mr. Henry Yonge. 

Mr. Stevens. 

Air. Wallingham. 

Mr. Colborne. 

Ivlr. Glemman. 

Mr. Savadge. 

Mr. Alheneid. 

Mr. Robert Knowies. 

Mr. John Woodward. 

Mr. Nowell. 

Mr. Tuftone. 

Groomes of the Bedchamber. William Haydon. Wages, 13^. 6s. Sd, 

Boardwages and Livery. 

John Sandlaufe, 13!. 6 s. 8 d. Boardwages and Livery. 

Thomas 



OF PRINCE HENRY, A. D. 1610, 325 

Thomas Barchraoore, 13]:. 6 s. 8 d. Boardwages and Livery, 

David Ramfey, 13!. 6 s. 8 d. Board'.vages and livery. 

Henry Gibbe ; wages 13!. 6 s. 8 d". Boardwages and livery. ' 

Page OF HONOUR. Archebald Prlmrofe ; wages, 21 L los. 43". Boardewages and livery. 

Gentlemen Ushers Daily Waiters. Anthony Abington ; wages, 20I. diett. 
Walter Alexander ; wages, 201. diett. 
John Lomley ; wages, 20 1. dietr. 

Teacher of Musi-cke. Walter Quine, 50L 



BowE Bearer and Master of the Lime hounds. 
Nicholas Drake •, wages, 13!. 6s. 8d. 

Groomes of the Privy ChxVMser in ordinary. 

John Harrifon J wages, 13}. 6s. Sd. Boardwages, 26L 13s, 4d. 

John Young ; wages, 13!. 6s. 8d. Boardwages, 26!. 13s. 4d. 

Michaell Cavendifhe ; wages, 13!. 6s. 8d. Boardwages, 26!. 13s. 4d. 

Thomas Trotter ; wages, i^t' 6s. 8d. Boardwages, 26!. 13s. 4d. 

Thomas Davis ; wages, 13L 6s. 8d. Boardwages, 26t. 13s. 4d". 

Robert Hammond; wages, 13!. 6s, 8d. Boardwages, 26!. 13s. 4d. 



Groomes of the Privy Chamber extraordinary. 



.... Harberr. 
John Wideope. 
ISimon Robarts. 



Gentlemen Ushers Quarter Waiters. 



Peter Newton ; wages loL Diett or Boardwages. 1 

James Shawe ; wages loL Diett or Boardwages. 

Barbore. Walter Meeke; wages, 20L Boardwages, 48I. 13 s. 4d. Livery, 26!, 13s. 4tf, 

Pages of the Bedde Chamber. 

Robert Murrey, wages 53s. 40. Diett or boardwages, 26!. ^s. 6cf. 
Hu^h Henne i wages, 53 s. ^d. Diett or boardwages, 26 L 4 s. 6 d. 

Pag . s 



326 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

Pages of the Chamber. Thomas Pett ; wages, 40s. Dlett, 4I:, 13s. 4^1 
Henry Draper ; wages, 40 s. Diett, 4!. 13 s. 4 d. 
Robert Lee ; wages, 40s. Diett, 41.135. 4 ct. 
John Chelfliam ; wages, 403. Diett, 4!. 13 s. 4 d. 

Keeper of the Library. Edward Wright, 30 1. 

Phisition. Doclcr Hammond, 140^. 

Apothecary. Ralfe Claitone, 30I:. 8s. ^d, 

Chirurgion. lewis Rogers, 45!. 12s. 6d. 

Groomes of the Great Chamber in ordinary. 

John Evanes, 53s. 4d. Diett. 
Henry Prcfcot, 53 s. 4d. Diett. 
Thomas Henne, 53 s. 4d. Diett. 
Thomas Knevet, 53 s. 4d. Diett. 
Bennett Kible, 53 s. 4 d. Diett. 
Anthony Hildere, 53 s. 4 d. Diett. 
John Di ewe, 53 s. 4 d. Diett. 
William VVeedone, 53 s. 4d. Diett. 

Groome of the Great Chamber extraordinary, WjHiam Prydc. 

Groome Porter. Thomas Cornewallis, 53 s. 4d. 
And for his man. 26 s. 8 d. Diett. 

The "Roses. Chrlflopher Lenman, Gierke of the Robes and Wardrobe. 
[ Alexander WiKon, Yeoman, iocs. Diett, 40!. 
John Hart, Groome, 53 s. 4d. Diett, 40 t. 
Gawine Bowman, Page, 40 s. od. Diett, 20 1. 
George Beale, Page, 40 s. od. Diett, 20 t. 

Teacher to daunce. Thomas Gyles, 50 t. 

Clerke of the Wardrobe. Chriftopher Lenman. 

Wardrobe of Beddes. Hugh Bower, Yeoman, iocs. Diett. 
John Fy nee, groome, 53 s. 4 d. Diett. 

Keeper of the Closet. Henry Burton, loos. Diett with the Chaplaincs; 

Tri] 



OF PRINCE HENRY, A. D. 1610. ^27 

The Vestry. William Phillips, Yeoman, 100s. Diett, i8t. 5s. od. 
Thomas Miller, Yeoman, 100 s. Diett, iSt. 5 s. od". 
Robert Coleman, Groome, 535.413:. Diett, i^t. 3 s. 4 d. 

Yeoman of the Bowes. Henry "Wert, 24 1. 6 s. 8 d. 

}. s. d. 
Falconers. George MontcrifFe, 24 6 8 
Euflace Norton, 24 6 8 

Francis Verney, 24 6 8 

L^wis Latham, 24 6 8 

Laundresse FOR THE Body. Chriftian WiJfon, 13!. 6 5, 8 d. Diett^ 45 t. 12s. 63' 
More by way of Addition 2 s. 6 S. per diem, 45 t. 12 s. 6d, 

Semester. Mary Achefon, aot. Diett-, 36!. 10 s. o d. 
More by way of addition, 12 d. per diem, 18J. 5 s. od. 

Fire MAKER OF PiTWALLE. Thomas Shewbridge, 61. o s, 2od. 

Gentleman OF THE Robes. Sir David Murrey ; Livery, 20 L Fees, 61. 13 s. 43, 

GrOOMES OF THE BEDCHAMBER. 

William Heydon ; Livery, 261'. 13 s. 4d. Reward, 20I'. 

John Sandlans ; Livery, 26!. 13 s. 4d. Reward, 20 t. 

'i lionias j3urchemore ; Livery, 26!. 13 s. 4 d. Reward, 20 t» 

David Ramfey; Livery, 26L 133. 4d. Reward, 20I. 

Henry Gibbes ; Livery, 26!. 13s. 4d. Reward, 2ot. 

Huntesmen of the Buckehoundes. Yeomen ; Timothy Tirrell, Maffer of the Biicke- 
hoiinds ; wages, .... Livery, 20 1. 

E.obert Raynes, Serjant; wages, 90!. 13 s. 4d. Livery .... 

Henry Sames ; wages, 15L 6 s. 4d. Livery, 76 s. 

Richard Dodefworth ; wages, 361. 6 s. 8 d. 

Auften Griggs ; wages, 15!. 6s. 8 d. Livery, 1 1 1. 6 s. S d. 

Francis Beachampe ; wages, 151. 6 s. 8 d. Livery, 1 1 1. 6 s. 8 d. 

William Riding i wages, 15!. 6 s. 8 d. Livery, iiJ. 6 s. 8d. 

Anthony Dodefworth ; wages, 36!. 10 s. o d. Livery, 76 s. 

Anthony Brakenbury ; wages, 15I. 6 s. 8d. Livery, lit. 6s. 8d. 

Francis Raine, lit, 6 s. 8 d. 

Nathan Jackfon, 11 t. 6 s. 8 d. 

Richard Vincent ; wages, 15I. 6 s. 8 d. Livery, 76 s. 

Thomas Pinkeney ; wages, 15!. 6 s. 8d. Livery 76 s. 

Groom E« 



i2S 



THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOl/sEKOLD 



GrooviEs OF THE Buck-hounds. R.lchaid Munday ; wages, i^t-.i-Ss. 2d. 
Richard Rave; wages, 14!. 18s. 2(3'. Livery, 101s. lod".. 
J Tom Medcalfe ; wages, 1.41. iSs. 2d. Livery, lois. 10 d". 
Aiuhcny Dodefwortb ; wages, 14!.' 18s. 2d. LIverV, 101 s. lod. 
llobe:t Gelding; wages, 14!. i8s. zd. Livery, lois. iQd'. 
Tiiomas Forell, wages, 61. 13 s. 4d. 

Wage^or for the Buck-hounds. William Ranfon, wagenbr j wages, i^t.- 6s. 8 d. 
Livery, 1 1 t. 6 s. 8 d. 

HUNTESMEX FOR HARRIORS TO BE PAIDE BY THE KiNG's ?AY, 

Tlromas Pottes, mafler of the harriors. 
Henry Raines, yeoman. 
Alexander ^4rmeflrong, yeoman. 
Thomas Heyffbrd, yeoman. 
Thomas Nich-ls, groome. 
Richard Gwinne, groome. 

Yeoman of the Leashe. John Rntledge, 4ot. 

Master of Balounes. Humfry Dethicke, 201. 

Drummers. William Pearfon ; wages; 20 1. Livery, 16t.2s.6d. 
Robert Drought ; wages, 2ot. Liverj, 16 t. 2s. 6d. 

Phiffe. Abraham Hardy ; wages, 20L Livery, 16L2S. 6d. 

Trumpeters. John Snith ; wages, 2ot. Livery, ipt. 14s. 4d. 

Adam Smetheman ; wages, 20 1. Livery, 19!. 145.45. 

-jofias Broome ; wages, sot: Livery, 19!. 145.45. 

Nicholas TraDlbme ; vrages, 13I. 6s. 8d. Livery, 13!. 2S. lod. 

W'illiam Arnette ; wages, 13!. 6s. 8d. Livery, igt. 2s. lod. 

Roger BarfTeld ; > wages, 131. 6s. 8d. Livery, 13}. 2I. lod. 

Keeper OF St. James's Garden. Alfonfus Fowle, per annum, 160L 

Keeper of the Garden and Orchard at Richmond. Edward Lonnel ; wages, 
Livery, 49 s. 4d. 

Clocke Keeper. Emanuel Bull. 

Master of the Barge. Willia-m Goring, 20 1. 

s. 
Watermen in Ordinary. John Belfon, 40 
'"Edmund i'latte, 40 

Chrillopher Teale, 40 

Richard Anthony, 4C5 

4 John , 



Q F P R I N C E H E iN II Y, A. IX lo.o. 



329 



s. 



John Goring, 40 

Richard Powlton, 40 

Richard Vaughan, 40 

Richard Neighbor, 40 

John Plater, 40 

William Andros, 40 

Thomas Rcdrifiie, 40 

Robert Johqes, ^ 43 

Kobert Eares, 40 ■ ' 

Henry Hacketr, 40 

VViliiam. Marfli, 40 

Richard Colefoii, 40 

Robert Arnold, 40 

Thomas Priraraere, ^a 

C.HAPLAIHES THAT ATTEND BY TWO AND TWO EVERY MONETH. 

Dr. Mylborne, Dr. Sutton, Dr. Halle, Dr. Fownes, Dr. Swayle, Dr. Prideuxe, Dr. 
Kylby, Dr Willette, Dr. Sno-vdon, Mr. Bayly, Mr. Eaton, Mr. Lee, Mr. Bariowe, Mr, 
Midleton, Mr. Lancaller, Mr. Daye, Mr. MyllwooJe, Mr. Priere, Mr. Whityng,* Mr! 
Brooke, Mr. Cropley, Mr. Smyth, Mr. Chapman, Mr. Joanes. 

Musicians. Dr Bull, Mr. Eupo, Mr. Johnfon, Mr. Mynores, Mr. Joanes, Mr. Foorde, 
Mr. Cuttyng, Mr. Stinte, Mr. Hearne, John Aiheby, Valentine Sawyere, Mathew John- 
fon, Edward Wormall, Thomas Daye, Seignior Angelo. 

. Comedians and Players. Thomas Towne, Thomas Downton, William Byrde, Samuell 
Rowleye, Edward Inbye, Charles Maffye, Humfry JefFes, Anthony Jeffes, Edward Colbraude, 
William Parre, Richard Pryore, William Stratford, Francis Grace, John Shankc. 

Gentlemen that were the Prtncf/s servants extraordinary. Mr. William 
Stevens, Mr. Leigh, Mr. Williames, Mr. Robfone, Mr. Elliote, Mr. Vaughan, Mr, Dela- 
haye, Mr. Wilbram, Mr. Bniffey, Mr. Yates, Mr. Pette, Mr. Whitton, Mr, Langbrooke. 



THE NAMES OP THE Prince's Servants, and Officers of Hoi/sehold, with their. 

wages and bordwages, viz. 

The Compting-house, 

Treasurer. Sir Charles Cornvvallis, knight; wages^ Sol, 
Bordwages, or diett. 

Comptroller. Sir John Hollys, knight; wages, 72 1. 
Bordwages or diett. 

U u Cofferer. 



330 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

Cofferer. Sir David Foulis, knight; wages, 661. 
Bordwaocs or dietc. 

Clepke CoMfTROLLER. RIchard Maudlcv J wages, 32!. 
Bardwages or diett. 

Valect HosTTER. Richard Kynie, jeoiiian ; wages, loos. 
Bordwages or diett. 

Bakehouse. Mathew Finch, yeoman; wages, iocs. Diett. 

William Kiiightclcye, yeoman; wages, iocs. Bordewages, i8t. 5s.oct, 

Thomas Goade, groome; wages, 53 5.4^. Bordwages, I2t. 3s. 4d. 

Robert Gierke, yeoman purvayer ; wages, loos. Bordwages, i8t. 5s. od, 

William Tyckenor, conduce; wages, 4!. 1 1 s. 3 d. Bordwages, 6t. is. 8d. 

Robert Pennyihornc, conduiflc; wages, 4t. iis. 3 d. Bordwages, 6L is. 8d. 

Pantry. WilTuim Calverly, yeoman; wages; loos. Diett. 

Edward IVIyles, yeoman ; wages, loos, Diett. 

Chriftopher Larabe, groome; wages, 53s. 4d. Bordwages, izt. 3s. 4d, 

Sellfr. Edmund Barrett, wages, loos. Bordwages, 36I:. loL 
William Hante, yeoman ; wages, loos. Diett. 
Hugh Hobarts, yeoman ; wages, 53s. 4d. Diett. 

Buttery. Nicholas Byrdc, yeojnan ; wages, iocs. Diett. 

John Lee, yeoman; wages, iocs. Bordwages, i8!. 5s. od. 

Robert Jones, yeoman of the bottles ; wages, loos. Diett. 

Andrew Trollcpe, groome; 53s. 4d. wages. Bordwages, iif. 3s. 4d. 

Thomas Mone, yeoman purvayer for beere and wine j wages, 100 s. Bordwages, 
24I. 6s. 8d. 

Spicery. Henry Knoles, cheife clerke •, wages, io\. Diett. 

John Murrey, fecond clerke ; wages, lit. 8s. lid. Bordwages, 54!. 15s. od. 

EwERY. William Pytts, yeoman; wages, iocs, Diett. 
Hugh Edwards, yeoman; wages, iocs. Diett. 

Confectionary. Bartholomew Maning, yeoman; wages, 1 00s. Bordwages, 18 L 5s. od, 
Blayr Snowe, groome; wages, 53 s. 4 d. Bordwages, 12!. 3 s. 4 d. 

Chaundry. George Langley, yeoman; wages, icos. Diett. 

John StifFe, groome, wages, 53s. 4d. Bordwages, 12s. 3!. 4d. 

Edward May (trife, yeoman purvayer ; wages, icos. Bordwages, i8t. 5 s. cd. 

The KiTCKiN. Foulke Fludde, cheife clerke, wages; 32!'. Diett. 
William Rawlines, fecond clerke ; wages, lit. 8s. ifd. Diett. 
John Ferrys, mailer cooke, wages, iocs. Bordwages, i8t. 5s. od^ 
Walter Tayler, yeoraani w.'.ges, ioo5; Bordwages, 18I. 35. od. 

George 



OF PRINCE HENRY, A. D. 1610. ^r 

George Cooper, yeoman; wages, iocs. Bordwages, iSt. 5s. ccf. 
Thomiis Cardall, yeoman; wages, loos. Bordwagc?, i8t. 53. od. 
John Lambe, groome ; wages, 535.43'. Bordwages, 121.35. 4(J. 
John Andrewes, childe; wages, 403, Bordwages, 9t. 2s. 6d. 
Thomas Dalle, childe; wages, 40s. Bordwages, 9!. 2s. 6d. 
John Atler, childe; wages, 40s, Bordwages, gt. 2s. 6d. 
John Whitneye, childe; wages, 40s. Bordwages, 9!. 2%. 631. 

Porters and Couvers, four; wages, 40s. apeec*. Bordwages to each 13!. 6s. Sd". 
TuRNEBROCHES, iwelvc ; wages, 24!. For Livery, 109!. lo*. 

DoRE Keeper of the Privy Kitchin. . . . « . 



The r.ARDER. Jacob Manyng, clerke of the Larder. 

Thomas Shawe, yeoman; wages, 100 s. Diett. 

Thomas Hamckon, yeoman; wages, lOos. Bordwages, iSt. 53. od. 

John Moare, page; wages, 40s. Diett. 

AccAToRY. Gabriell Carre, clerke; wages, 6 1. 13s. 4^. Bordwages, 14I:. 6s. 8d. 

Edward Ruflcl, yeoman purvayer ; wages, iocs. Bordwages, 54!. 15s. od. 

Robert Angell, yeoman purvayer for fea fi(h; wages, icos. Bordwages, izt. 3s. 4d. 

ThomasFrench,yeoman purvayer for frefhfilhi wages, IOCS. Bordwages, i2t. ^s. ^3. 

Tryamare Halfey, yeoman of the ftore ; wages, iocs. Bordwages, 12,1. 3 s. 4^. 
Gabriell Fieeland, yeoman of the flaughter houfe ; nihil. 
James Pennycocke, groome; nihil. 

The Poultry. Thomas Daye, clerke; wages, 6\. 13s. 4d. Bordwages, 36!. ids. od. 

Thomas Roane, yeoman; wages, loos. Diett. 

William Ruffine, groome; wages, 535.45, Bordwages, izt. 3s. 4d. 

Henry Stapleford, yeoman purvayer ; wages, loos. Bordwages, nihil. 

WooDEYARD. Richard Turner, yeoman ; wages, zoos. Diett. 

Peter Wardbrooke, yeoman ; wages, loos. Bordwages, i8t. 5s. od 

John Carpenter, groome; wages, 53s. 4d. Bordwages, I2t. 3s. 4d* 

TheScuflery. Thomas Hamnet, yeoman, wages, loos. Diett. 
Robert Wyker, yeoman ; wages, 100 s. Bordwages, 18I. 5s. od. 
Richard Colraan, groome; wages, 535.45. Bordwages, 12!. 3s. 4^. 
George Whire, child; wages, 40s. Bordwages, 91. 2s. 6d. 
John Haraniete, child; wages, 40s. Bordwages, 9 J. 2S. 6d. 

The Pastery. John Dier, yeoman; wages, 3!. Diett. 
William Bennett, yeoman-, wages, 100 s. Bordwages, iSt. 5s. od. 
John Delroy, groome; 53s. 4 d. Bordwages, 12!. 3s. 4d. 
Thomas Elliott, childe; wages, 40s. Bordwages, gt. 2s. 6d. 

BoYLEiNG House. Richard Wilkinfon, yeoman ; wages, loos. Diett. 
George Bacon, groorae ; wages, 53s. 4 d. Bordwages, 12L 3 s. 4d, 

U u 2 Scalding- 



331 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

Scalding-house. Simon Wynch, yeoman ; wages, loos. Dietr. 
George Shakerly, groome; wages, fjs. 4d'. Bordwages, 12L3S. 4d. 
Richai-d Wynch, page; wages, 40s. Bordwages, 9!. 2s. 6d. 

PicHER-HcusE. John Stcvenfon, yeomen; wages, iocs. Bordwages, 181.53.03. 

Porters AT THE GATES. James Bugge;wag^s, iocs. Diett. 
Pvichard Turner, yeoman; wages, icos. Bordwages, 18L 5s. ocf. 
>Guy Betterton, groome i wages, 53s. 4 d. Diett. 

Almokers. William Wakcr, yeoman, wages, iocs. Bordwages, 18L 5s. o<J. 
Donkon Wilfcn, groome; wages, ^^s. ^S. Bordwages, izt. 3s. 4^. 

Confessor. Alexander Chapman; wages, 40 1. per annum. 

Harbinger. William Br adlhawe ; wages, iocs. Bordwages, 36!, los. od". 

Cart-taker. Thomas Booth, groome; wages, 53 s. 4cl'. Bordwages, 361.105.0^. 

Men Launderers. Miles Lyllyard, yeoman; wages, iocs. Bordwages, 18L 5s. o3. 
Heury Parteridge, groome; wages, 535.43. Bordwages, 12I. 3s. 4^. 

Laundresse FOR THE BOARDE. Sufan Pytts; wages, 13 1. 6s. 83. Bordwages, 24I. 6s 8d. 

Woode-bearer and bell-ringer. Roger Evanes, wages, 61. is. 8 3. Bordwages, 

nihil. 

. Labourer in the Scullery. Rob*rc MorriiTe ; wages, 6t. is. 83. Bordwages nihil. 
The Martial's man. Wages, 6 t. i Sc 8 3. Bordwages, nihil. 



The names'of the Prince's Highnes ser\"a\"ts belonging to the Stable; with their 

wages and Bordwages. 

Master of the Horse. Sir Robert Douglas, knight ; wages, Bordwages 

Esq:,'IREs. Sir William Webbe, knight; wages, 2oI'. Diett. 
Mr. Hedy^ wages, 20 1. D.eit. 

AvENORY. Robert Boys, avenor ; wages, 26 L 135.43. Dietr. 
James Keyes, clcrke ; wigtSy 261,135.43. Bordwages, 24.1.65.83. 

SuRVAyER OF THE Stables. Francis Wetherhead ; wages, 161.143. 73. 

Or 



OF PRINCE H E N R Y, A. D. i6io. 333 

Of THE Cariage. Henry Henne ; wages, 100s. Bordwages, 36!. loi. o3'. 
Clerke OF THE Stabxes. William AlifoD J wages, 161.143. 7 d. 
Footmen in ordinary. Rice Griffeth j wages, 10!. Bordwages, 30!. Livery, 

6t. 15 s. od:. 

Hugh Thoraa^ ; wages, lot. Bordwages, 30!". Livery, 6 t. 15 s. od*. 

Brian Macconell ; wages, lot. Bordwages, 30I. Livery, 6t. 15s. od. 

Rice James; wages, lot. Bordwages, 30!. Livery, 6L 15s. od'. 

John Farrell ; wages, lot. Bordwages, 30!. Livery, 61:. 15s. od. 

Richard Scadene; [wages, lot. Bordwages, 30]:. Livery, 61. 13s. od". 

Footmen at Pention. John Parker, Brian Caffe, Robert Jamefon. 

Yeomen Purvayers. Robert Fynch ; wages, iocs. Bordwages, i8t. 5s. od. 
John Knight ; wages, loos. Boidwages, iStfs. od. 

Yeoman Garnetor. John Prycc ; wages, loos. Bordwages, i8t. 5s. od. 

Yeoman 0? the close carres. John Sryle, wages, 13!. 13 s. 9 d. 

Farriers, Thomas Redford. groome, wages, i8t. 5s. od. 
Robert Trotter, groome j wages, i8t. 5 s. od. 

Coachmen. Henry Caporen, groome; wages, ziL 5s. lod. Bordwages, 11 1. i^s. 4d. 
Thomas Hadwell, groome; wages, 21L5S. lod. Bordwages, lit. 13s. 4d. 

Groome of the Bottle-house. Phillip Powell ; wages^ 24!. 6 s. 8d. 
Groome of the Bottles for the feilo. James Allen. 

Yeoman Bitmaker. John Stany, 3d. per diem, per warrant. 

Sadlep.s. Abraham Abercombv, yeomr.n. ' 

William Buncombe, groome, iSL 3's. od. 

The Race. John Hunteley Survayer. Olawd Bennett, yeoman, ^61, 10 s. 

Coach-maker. John Byngham, yeoman. 

Groomes of the hunting horses. 'William Watfon, iSL 5s. od. Robert Bafheford, 
i8t. 5s. cd. Alexander Armeilrong, i8t. 5s. od. Robert Deane, 18I. 5s. od. Robert 
Bourne, i8t. 5s. od. Andrew Armeftrong, iSt, 5s. od. 



Groomes sumpter men. John Reynold, 18I:. 5s. od. Owen Thomas, iRt. 5s. od. 
William Bulhoppe, i8t. 5s. bd. Henry Carter, 18L 5s. od. Robert King, i8t. 3s. od'. 
Lewes Hughes, iSt. 5s. od, John Allync, i8L 3s. od. 



Groome* 



354 1'HE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

Groomes of the courser's Stables. Paul Finch, 21 L 5 s. lod. Thomas Grovcr, 
-ait. 5s. locj. William Woodland, 21 1. 5s. lod. Edward Cotfyne, 21 t. 5s. lod. John 
Cummingham, 11 1.5s. lod. 'Ihomis Willi-imfoa, 21 t. 5s. lod. William Davifon, 
21 1. 5s. lod. Pxichard Williams, 21 1. 5s. lod. Hugh Evans, 21 t- 5s. lod'. Edward 
W'alters, 21 I. 5s. lod. James Mackrath, 21 1. 5s. lod. George Symonds, ait. 5s. lod. 
William Myllward, 2 1 1. 5s. lod. John Willes, 21 1. 5 s. 10 d. Thomas Welbecke, 
£it. 53. lod. Richard Elredge, 2it. 5s. lod. Edward Walling, 2it. 5s. icd. 

French Esquires. Monfier St. Anthony, . . . Monfiear Lc Colls, . . * 

Moiifieur Beauclere, .... 

Browne baker Edward Poole, .... 



Keeper of the rideing house at St. James's. George Blailonc. 

Keeper of the stables at Sheexe. James Martin, . , » • 

Provider of Oates. John Corke, ...» 

Spurrier. Andrew Barrell, .... 



Staffe maker. Robert Thacher, 



• • • • 



Mr. Inigo Joanes, lurvayer of the workes. Mr. Smith paymafler and overfeer of the 
vorkes. Edward Carter, clerke of the workes. Mr. Heryotes, jueller. Benjamin Hcl- 
fliawe, filkeman. John Baker, upholder. Richard Cole, girdler. George Johnfon, 
Woollen draper. Richard Downes, linncn draper. Robert Peakc, painter. Patrick Blacke, 
taylor. William Haye, taylor. Robert South, cutler. Robert Joanes, haberdafner. 
Ihoraas Wilfon, flioe-maker. William Peake, pewter-maker. Francis Lacke, fpangle- 
maker. Edward Baldrey, coffej-maker. Nicholas Johnfon, mafon. Ralph Smith, car- 
penter. John Benfon, brickela}'er. Marke Bilford, limner of pictures. Henry Greene, 
plumber. Paul Sligh, plaifterer. Henry Larkin, lockefmith. Tobias Meften, glafier. 

Samuell Clarke, fervcr of nailes. • Pickering, armourer. Jafpere Brewere, tapeftre- 

incader. Gilbert Searle, tailer of the Great Wardrobe. John Beaft, cockemafler. John 
JK-ing, matter of the Prince's (hip. John Rcignolds, mafter-gunner. Robert Tyndal gunner, 
Welch, freuterer. 



A D E C L A- 



OF PRINCE HENliY, A. D. 1610. ^^^ 



A DECLARATION of the Bouge of Couht of every particular allowance 

TO BEE SERVED TO EVERY PERSON, BEING LODGED WITHIN THE PR.iNCE's CoORt; AND 
IN ABSENCE THE BoUGE TO CEASE, VIZ. ' ' , 



Mr. Chamberlain, Mr. Treasurer, Mr. Comptroller, Mr. Secretary, andi 
Groome of the Stoole. Every of them to have for theii: bouge cf court per diera, one 
mancher, one cheate loafe, and one gallon of beere ; and from the lafl of September to the 
]a(l of February, halfea pounde of white lightes, three torches for the vveeke, fowre tailfheides, 
and fowre faggots, per diem; and from the firll of Alarcti rifl the firfl of October, to have 
the moyetie of the faid while-lightes and woode, and three links per feptimanam in winter. • 

Mr. Cofferer, Mr. Clerke Comptroller and CHEitE Clerke of the Kitchen, 
Every of them to have for their bouge of court per diem one cheate toafe, and one gal- 
lon of beere; and from the lafl: of September to the lall of February, halfe a pound of 
white-lights, four tailefheides, and fowre faggots; and from the firfl of March till the iirfl 
of Odlober, to have the moyetie of the faid white-lightes and vvoode, and two torches, and 
three linkes per feptimanam in winter. 

All Knights lodged within the Court, and gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, 
cupbearers, carvers, sewers, gentlemen ushers of the Privy Chamber, gentle- 
men VSHERS, DAILY WAITERS, GROOMES OF THE PrIVY ChAMBER, CLERKES OF THE Spi- 
CERY, AVENOR, SECOND CLERKE OF THE KlICHEN, Pllisn ION, AND CHAPLAINES. To 

every lodgeing where one or more of thefe bee loilged, for their bouge of court per diem, 
one cheate loafe, and one gallon of beere; and from the lafl: of September till the laft of 
I'^ebruary, halfe a pound of white-lights, two tailiheids, and two faggots; and from the firft 
of March to the firfl of Oftober, to have the moyety of the faid white-lights ind woode. 

GeN'TLEMEN USHERS, QUARTER WAITERS, ROt5ES, WAR DROBE OF BED D ES, CHIRURGION, 
AND APOTHECARY, AND CONfESSOR, AND THE STANDING WARDROBE AT lllCHEMONDE, 

FOR THE TIME OF HTS HiCHNEs HOUSEHOLD LYING THERE. Every of them- to have for 
their bouge of court per diem, one cheate loafe, one gallon of beere; and from the laft of 
September to the laft of February, a quarter of a pound of whitelights, two taleihides, and 
two faggits; and from the firft of March to the firfl of O^lober, to have the moiety of the 
faid white lights and vvoode. 

Officers of household, fowre of them to every messe. Every meffe to have 

for their boBge cf court per diem, one cheate loafe, and one gallon of beere ; and from the 

lait of September to the laft of February, a quarter of a pound of whitelights, two taile- 

Iheids, and two faggots; and from the firft of Mitch to the fiift of October, to have the 

■moiety of the faid whitelights and woode. 



N 



0£ 



336 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

NoE BOUGE TO BEE iscREAf-ED. And it is hisHighoes's will and pleafure, that noe bouge 
fliail hfe incrcafed to any pirlon or perfonf wlucf'^-f^ver, more then is cont.iii ed in this our 
l)Ooke finned; ncr any other allowance then of neceffity hath been and niuil bee ufed, for the 
drc fling and fsiving out of the Kitchen oF all ihe aforelaid'dietts alowed by us. 

AiLOvvANCE OF WASTE. And it IS his Highnes's ^ill and pleafure, that the honourable al- 
lowanc- of vvalce, viz. of thirty loaves of breade, forty gallons of beere, and one fervic.^, one 
picher of wine, haveing been fcrmerly allowed per diem, Iball have continuance; "charging 
our officers to t ke order for the difpofing thereof daily, that the fame may be ferved at 
the barres for our honour, without purioiueing or embczeling. 

Noe childe, page, scowrer, or turneeroach, to marry. And it is his Highnes's 
\\ill and pleafure, rhnt noe childe, or page of any office, noe fcowerer, or turuebroach in 
the kitchen, doe from henceforth prefunie to marry, upon paine of loffe of their generall 
place ; and that fuch perfons in whom by vertue of their offices the gifts of any of the laid 
places'doe reft, doe not prsfume to beftowe any of the laid places upon any perfon being mar- 
ried as, aforefaid, upon paine of our grcivious difpleaiure. 

Allowance of riding charges in winter journeyes. And where divers of our 
houfehold fcrvants are fometimes imploied in attending fome extraordinary journey in win- 
ter, for which wee underftand they have not received any further allowance but their ordi- 
nary entertainments; our will and pleafure is therefore, that it fliall bee lawfull for our 
Treakirer or Comptroller, together with the advice of our other officers, to give by bill of 
coraptrollment unto any fuch perfon or perfons, being implcied as aforefaid, fuch further 
allowance of wages or expences in riding jouroies, either by the day or otherwife, as at 
their difcretion fhall feeme fitt. 



Orders for his Highnes's Chappell. 

FIRST, for the hononr and fervice of God, every month two chaplaines ffial bee ap- 
pointed 10 attend on his Highnes's houfehold, who ihall follow the orders ufed in his Ma- 
jefties houTe; and (liall rot depart from their fervice, without leave obtained, and fupplying 
their .place^ by fuch as the chamberlaine to his Highnes (hall allowe of. 

ITjrrE ConfefTor fliall duly adminifler the communion unto the houfehold the firft Sunday 
in e%'ery nioneth, whereof notice fhalbee given by the faid Confeflbr fome fourteen dayes be- 
fore every fuch time, to the end thofe that are to communicate may prepare themfelves 
for the fatue. 

AND the faid Confeflbr fhall every day, at a convenient houre, reade divine fervice in the 
faid chappell unto the houfehold, and efpecial notice llial be taken by the yeoman of the 
veftry of thofe that ftiall omitt, or at any time faile (being in the houfe) to repaire to di- 
vine fervice, and to the fermons that there ftial bee preached; to the end that due animad- 
verfion may bee ufed to fuch defaulters, without they bee impedimented by their necef- 
fary attendance in their offices, or by fome other very urgent occalioQs. 

THE 



'OF PRINCE H E N R Y, A. D. i5io. J37 

THE yeoman of the veftry fliall be carefull, that upon days appointed for fermons the 
•■chappell bee decently ordered, refe'rving one fide thereof for his Highnes's officers; and fhail 
have efpeciall regard that the feates be not peflered and taken up by men of ineane quality, 
hm that there may bee convenient roame for his Highnes's fervants. 

WHEN his Highnes is to goe to the chappei, the gentlemen whofe fervice is in the pre- 
fence chamber fhall goe before, and his cheife officers fnali goe next his pcrfon, and after 
his perfon thofe of tlie I'rivy Chamber and Bedchamber-* 

YF any man fhall wib^uUy forbeare to receive the holy comunion in maner as is aforefaid 
.at the lead twice in the yeare, that is to fay, at Efler and at Chiillmas ; and being adraonifhed 
thereof, fliall not within convenient time conforme hirafelf, and receive the fame in fucb re- 
verent and religious maner as is fictino[, he ihall be difmiffed his Highnes's fervice, and 
commanded to depart his houfe ; the like order fhaii all matfers obferve with their fervants 
if they refufe or neglecl the fame. 

THEtlE (hall be, no game'mg or exercife ufed within the court, or neare the gates, in 
the time of divine fervice or fermons; and if there bee any after admonition, that fhall con- 
tinue their faid play or exercife at luch time as is aforefaid, then the porter fhall informe 
the cheife officers of their contempte, to the end they may give them fuch reproofc and 
chaflifement as in their difcretions fhall feeme fi-tt. 

ITEM, one of the yeomen of the veflry fliall take a note of all fuch as receive the 
communion, as U'ell of mafters as of fervants, and deliver it to the officers of the white- 
ftaves, to the end it may bee knowne who have omitted to receive, that order may bee taken 
accordingly. 

ITEM, the gentlemen ufhers, both of the Privy Chamber and Prefence, when the Prince 
fliall be in his oratory at morning and evening prayer, fhall not permitt the gentlemen and 
other to remaine within the faid chamber, but (hall caufe them to repaire unto the laid 
oratory, where they Ihall give their attendance in fuch devout and reverent maner as apper- 
taineth, and fliall ufe noe talking nor make any other noife, whereby either their owae de- 
votions may be diverted or that of others impedimented. 

Orders for his Highnes's Piiivy Chamber. 

THE gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, at the times appointed for their waiting, ftiall 
give their due attendance, and fowre of them at leafl ihall lye nightly in the Privy Chamber, 
to bee in readines upon any occafion wherein their fervice may bee uled, and their beddcs 
to bee removed every morning by the groomes ; neither fhail any of the gentlemen's fer- 
vants enter into the Privy Chamber with their apparell or other nccelTaric-s, but deliver them 
at the dore to the groom for them. 

THAT fowre of the grcoines of the Privy Chamber fhall at all times of the day be wolfing 
in the Privy Chamber, to performe fuch fervices as apperiainelh to them, and duriivj tlieir 
sw:rendiince there (according to the auncient orders of the King's houfe,) fhall forbeare to weare 
their cloakes and fwords. 

Xx THE 



33S THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE HOUSEHOLD 

THE gentlemen iidiers of the Privy Chamber, or one of them at the leaft, fliall give their 
attendance in the I'rivy Chamber, to fee all things there in good order againd his Highnefs's- 
coming into the fame; and that none (liall enter or come into the Privy Chamber, but fuch 
as fhal be allowed b)' his Highnes iinckr his afiignution, and iuc,h as are his Highnes's fwornc 
fervajits for chat chamber.^ 



Orders for the Presence Chamber. 

THE gentlemen ufliers, daily waiters, and quarter waiters, fliall not fuffer any to enter 
into the Prefence Chamber, uniefTe they bee fuch of his Highnefs's fervants, and other men 
of quality, as are fitt to have acceffe into the faid place, and fhall have a care to fee the faiJ- 
chamber well furniihed with genilemen, that Grangers ^ and men of quality that Ihall refort 
unto his Highnes's court may not iinde it emptie. 

ALSO the gentleman udier fliall bee careful to fee and informe all fuch as doe fervice in 
the Prince's e) e, that they performe iheir dutyes ;. and they fliall have a fpeciall regard to^ 
reprove fuch as fliall be- fo hardy as to behave themfelves unreverently before the Prince, 
cither in fpeech or action, as preffing too neare his pcrfon, or approaching the ftatCj Sec. 

THE gentlemen cupbearer, carver^, and fewer,, fhall bee ready attending in the prefence 
chamber every day before eleven of the clockc in the m.orneing and fix in the evening,^ 
thereto receive direction from the gervtlemen ufliers concernincrhis Hio;hnes's fervice. 

THE pages of prefence are to lye every night in the lower end of the Prefence C'.iamber, and 
^Iwaies to bee in readines to make fires to ayer the chamber, and to receive direcbon from, 
fuch as are to command them in any matter concerning his Highnes's fervice. 

AFTEll that the Prince is retired to his lodging, the gentleman uflier, within a convenient 
time, Ihall caufe every man to depart to their cham.ber out of the Prefence and Privy Chamber,, 
to the end that noe offcnfive noife or rumour be made in the houfe; and that at eight of the 
rlocke in the evening, fervice for all night bee brought up, and the travers bee drawne. 

THAT one of the gentlemen ufliers of the Prefence Chamber fliall .alwales keepe the waiters- 
table, and bee there ready with the waiters to fitt downe immediately after the Prince rileth. 
from his repafl, and provide that there be good order as well in receiving the diett, as in 
civill and good behaviour by the gentlemen allowed to that board ; and that he fuller not 
any of them to bring in gentlemen and ftrangers, by which the board fhould bee peftered ; 
only the carver or with his allowance, according to the ancient cuftom.e of the table to- 
admitt of one gentleman at a time and noe moore; and that none allowed at this board fliall 
have more then one man to attend him there: and that neither the carver, fewer, gentleman 
nftier, gentleman, nor other in ordinary at this table, fliall give away any raeate, but tkat> 
•the fame flial bee all fafe and untouched, kept by the page appointed to the fame. 



A NOTE 



'0 F P Pc I N C E H E N R Y, A. D. i6tO. ^j^ 



•A NOTE OF SUCH AS are to sitt at the waiter's table, being of his Highkess's 

SERVANTS. 

A gentleman un:!er, dally waiter •, the cupbearer, carver, and fewer ; fowre gentlemca 
of the Privy Chamber ; five groomes of the Bedchamber ; the Prince's page ; fowre groomes 
of the Privy Chamber ; two pages of the Chamber; every of them to have a man ex- 
cept the two pages. And it is his Highnes's pleafure, that the reft of the gentlemen not 
dietted at the waiter's board fliali bee thus diftribnted. 

THE cupbearer, carver, and fewer, that waite not that day to fitt with his Hlghnes^s 
Chamberlain. The fowre other gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, and the uflier of the fame, 
two of them to bee with the groome of the ftoole, and the red with the treafurer and comp-« 
troller; every of them are allowed one man where they take theh'meate. 

Orders for his HrcHNEs's Guard, 

THE yeoman of thegnard fhall diligently keepe guarde in the great chamber, fuffering noc 
flrangers to palle through unlefle they bee well knowne. 

ALSO two of them fhall with thetr holbards attend at the gate, to affid the porters to 
execute their office and orders appointed to be obferved in time of infection or oihef 
occafions. 

THEY fliall be efpeclally carefull to keep the chamber free from tenne of the clocke m 
the morning untill one, and from fowre in the evening untill feaven, that his Highnefs may 
quietly take his repaftes in the prefence. 

HERE endeth the book of the orders of Prince Henryes houfe^ as it was by hinj 
figned, the 9th of May, Anno 1610. 



THE PRISES OF FLESH AS THE PrINCE HeNRY PAIETH, AND THE WEIGHT AS THEY ARE 

AGREED FOR WITH THE PuRVAYERS. 

AN Oxe fhould weygh 600 pounds the fowre quarters j and comonly cofleih 9L 103. o3 
or thereabouts. 

A Mutton Ihould weigh 46 pounds j and they cod by the ftone 2 s. 33. the flone being 
S pounds. 

VEALES go net by weight, but by goodnes only ; their price is comonly 173. or there^ 
itbouts. 

XAMBES at 6s. 83. the peece. 

txir ORDERS 



;4Q REGULATIONS FOR THE GOVERNIVTENT 



ORDERS AND REGULATIONS F03. THE CTOVERNMENT OF *THE QuEEn's HoITSEHOLD, MADG: 
May I, 1627, AND SIGNED BY THEIR MAJESTIES*. 



Forasmuch as our tender care that our deareft Confort the Qiieene rnaj^' bee at^ 
tended and ferved Cu her honour and contentment, efpecially that thofe chambers which bee 
appointed for her honour and ftate m.iy bee ordered accordingly;, as alloc when fliee fliall' 
pieafe to retire into bar privy lodgings, no perlbii may have accels thither, bat fuch onely 
as (hee fli.iU pieafe to admitt or call; our pleafure is, that the Lord Chamberlaine and Vice 
Chamberlaine for the time being to the Queene fliall carefully fee that thefe orders fol- 
lowing, which wee have caufed to bee made and fett downe to bee oblerved and kept, 
ftraightly charging and commanding all gentlemen ulbers, and other officers and fervants" 
belonging to the Queene, to keepe and obferve the fame (as much as to every one of theni 
pertaineth) as they will avo}de our high difpleafure.. 

For THE Guard Chamber". 

THAT the yeomen tidiers doe fee that the chamber bee kept cleane and fweete,. and' 
that they caufe the doore to be carefully kept, not fuffering. any lackeys, footmen, or any 
other unfit perfons to enter; and that if any of the fcrvants of the gentlemen that attend the 
Queene come to fpeak with their maflers, that they doe not fuffer them to pafs through the 
chambers, but that they fend a page, or fome- other meete perfon, into their mailers, to come 
unto them ; and when there fliall be any gentlewoman attending there for theire ladyes, rhut 
they doe fee there be room made for them at the upper end of the chamber, but fuchas 
have fervice to do within, or as they fliall have order from the gentlemen ulhers to lett in ; 
and that when the Lord Chamberlaine fliall eat in that chamber, it be-e kept according to 
the old order; and that all other fervice belonging to the faid chamber bee ordered a5 
formerly it hath been. 

THAT the gentleinen ufliers doe carefully fee that the g-roomes, and pages of the chamr 
ber, doe give theire dayly attendance in the Great Chamber, and not depart without leave; 
and that it any of them fliall bee found negligent in performing theire fervice, that they doc 
certifie the fame to the Lord Chamberlaine or Vice Chambeihiinc^. that they may receive due 
punifliment. 

For THE Presence Chamber.. 

THAT one of the gentlemen ufliers dayly wayters bee in the chamber by nyne of the 
clocke ill the morning, and fee that the pages have drcfled the chamber and made it cleane 
and fweete ; and that he command a gentleman ulhcr quarter waiter to take care of the dore 
till all night bee ferved, and not to depart from it except hee have it in charge with one 
of his felio'i^s ; and that the quarter waiter doe not fufler any other to enter into the laid 

* From a MS. in the Liibrary of Tnomas Aftle, Eftj, 

chambef 



OF THE Q^UEEN's HOUSEHOLD. A. D. 1^27. 341 

cBamber then our owne or the Queene's fervants, and fuch others as may (land with the 
honour of that chamber, with the aJvife and dircflion of the gentleman ulher dayly wayter^ 

THAT the gentleman udier dayly waiter, when theraaydes of honour are in the prefence 
ehamber, do not lufter sny other but fuch ns are fitt to beare them company to (land in the 
upper end of the chamber or to fett on the fide forme when they fitt theie ; nor fuifcr any to 
lye along on the floore of that chamber, or to ftand upon the carpett or halfepace; elpecially 
when the boarde is covered on the Q^ieene fitting at dynner, other then fuch as are to doe 
fervice att the table or to the Qtieene. 

ALSOE our pieafure is, that the gentleman u(her fha!I not fufTer any lady, of whar 
quallity foever, to enter or pafs through the faid chamber maflced or muffled ; nor any 
ladyes woeman, of what quallny foever, to flay in or pafs through the faid chamber; and 
when the Queene fhall plealc to eate there, that none bee fuffered to bee there but perfjns 
of good quallity, and they to flay att the lower end of the chamber, that the roome bee in 
noe wife peftered, or the fervice hindred. 

THAT the gentleman uHier doe call a. carver, a fewer, and a cupbearer for the Queene, 
when fhee (hall underftand that it is the Queene's pieafure to have her dynner or fupper; and 
after they hive wafned in the great chamber, and the fewer gone to the dreffer, then to 
bring the carver to the board with the accuilomed reverences, and to fee that hee give the 
aflayes to the paniler, and to fee the meate honourably ferved ro the board, and the affayes 
duely given to them that bring ir up ; and when the meate is taken from the table, to call 
the pages to carry it to the waiters chamber, giveing them charge not to fuffer itt to bee 
diminilhed, but to bee kept for the waiters, according to the order hereafter exprefled for 
the waiters chamber, 

THAT the gentlerr.an uflier, after the waiters have dyned or Tupped,- doe come into ihz 
prefence chamber with the carver, and there make reverence to the Stare, and fee thit nosie 
of the waiters doe come into the chamber before them ; and in theire paflage through the 
Great Chamber, the yeoman uflitr to command all that are in the chamber to Hand and bee 
uncovered, becaufe it is fur the Queens's honour; our pieafure alfo is, that the maydes of 
honour do? come up bodi before and alter dinner into the Prefence Ciiambcr, and llay there 
for fome reafonnble time, efpecially when any ambalTador hath audience, and- not to gpe 
into the Privy Chamber but when the Queene ihali plcife to call for them. 

AFTER the gentleman ufher hath ferved all night, then our pieafure is, tliat he fhall 
fUpply the elquires for the b-jdy, as they did in the time of the Queene, our deare mother 
of blelfed memory; and Vv'hcn the watch is charged, hee carry the watch bill, with the 
morter of wax, unto the Queene's Bedchamber dore, and there deliver it to one of the 
chamber as ufually they have done. 

AND becanfe it is diihonourable that the Prefence Chamber, where the ftate and honour 
of the Queene oughr to be kept, be left empty ; our pieafure is that thofe gentlemen that 
doe attend the Queene,- viz cupbearers, carvers, fewers, gentlemen nfiicrs quarter waiters, 
and fewers or rhe chamber, give their attendance in that chamber tome reafonable time 
both before and alter dynner, c; at leall one of eac'x place, that foe the chaisber may not 
bee unfurnhhed. 

ALSOE 



34Z REGULATIONS FOR THE GOVERNMENT 

ALSOE the gcndcnien uflicrs Oiall be careful to fee and informe all fuch as doc fervice 
in the Queene's eye, that thcv prrformc their dutyes, and fliall have an efpeciall regard to 
reprove all fiich as fliall bee fo hardy as to* behave themfelves umeverently before the Queene, 
in fpeech or action, -as pafling too ncare her perfon or approaching the Hate. 

AND bccaufe the gentlemen ufliers dayiy waiters, have by vertue of their places, au- 
thority under the Chamberlaine ai'.J Vice Chainbcrlaine, to comand all the fervants of the 
Queene's Chamber in theire plr.ces, thofe of the Privy Chaaiber onely excepted-; as our 
pleafure is that they fliall be careful! of theire charge, and give diligent attendance in theire 
places, foe our purpofe is to maintaine them in the right of theire places ; and if any perfon 
iliall abufe them in the execufi(.yn of thefe our orders or doing of theire fervice, wee will 
accompt it as a contempt againll our order, and will punilh it accordingly. 

ALSOE our pleafure is, when the Queene fliall remove to any houfe, that they bee 
carefull to make ready her lodgings, and not to give lodgings to any but fuch as fliall 
bee allowed lodgings by ourfelfe. 

ALSOE when it fliall picafe the Queene to goe by water, one of the gentlemen ufliers 
dayly waiters fliall fend for her barge, and fee it furnifhed and made ready, and not fufFer 
any perfon whatfoever to enter into it but fuch as fliee fhall pleafe to call, and then to ftiutt 
the dore, and not to fuffer any to fl:ay without but binifelfe. 

ALSO our pleafure is, that when the Queene is out of her Privy lodgings, that the gentlemen 
uflieis dayly waiters dee goe uncovered before her, next to the Queenes Lord Chamber- 
jaine and Vice Chamberlaine, and in theire ablence n^^xt to the (^leene ; and when the 
Queene rideth through any citty or greate towne, that the gentlemen ulliers call upon all 
the Queene's fervants to ride in theire rankes and places, according to their quallity, before 
the Queene, that fltiee may be attended to her honour. 

For the Privy Chamber. 

OUR pleafure is, that the gentlemen ufliers of the Privy Chamber, or one of them, fliall 
give theire dayly attendance in the faid chamber, and fee it carefully kept, that noe woman 
under the degree of a baronefs bee admitted into the chamber, except luch as are fwornc 
of the fa«ie. 

AND that no man under the degree of a Privy Councellor bee likewife admitted into the 
faid chamber, except fuch as be fworne of the fame or of our owne Privy Chamber, and fuch 
others as it fliall picafe the Queene to admitt. 

For the Withdrawing Chamber. 

OUR pleafure is, that noe countefs or other lady come into the Withdrawing Chamber, 
without aflcing leave, but oncly as the Queene fliall adinitt by exprels order delivered by 
herfclfe to her Chamberlaine or Vice Chamberlaine, 

2 ALSOE 



OF THE Q^UEEN's HOUSEHOLD. A. D. 1627. 343 

ALSOE our pleafure is, that the Lord Chamberlalne, Vice Chamberlaine, Mafter of the 
Horle, Secretary, and fuch other Lords and honourable peribns as the Qiieene will give li- 
berty unto cue of particular favour, may allbe bee admitted. 

THE gentlemen ufliers of the Privy Chamber have liberty to come into the withdrawing 
chamber, to deliver a raelTage to the Chamberlaine or Vice Chamberlaine, and to the Queene 
in theire abfence, and not otherwife. 

THE groomss of the Privy Chamber to waite at the d'oore by turnes-, to make fires and 
other fervices. 

AND our pleafure is, that when the C)ueene eateth privately,, that is to fay, in the with- 
dravv'ing chamber, cabinett, or bedchamber, none are admitted to attend or bee prefent bur the 
ladyes and gentlewomen that are fworne in thofe chambers, and then the raeate to bee 
carryed by the back, ftayres, as it was in the Queene our mother's tyme. 

AND whereas fome of the ladyes of the bedchamber hath doores entring into the Privy 
Galleryes, our pleafure is, that none be fuffcred to come into the lodging that way, except 
the ladyes of the bedchamber themfelves, but none to accompany them tiiough they bee 
thofe that have accefs to the Withdrawing, Privy, or Prefence Chamber; tor all acccfs 
mud bee by the fore way, and neither by back ftayres, or private doores. 

For the Bedchamber. 

OUR pleafure is, that no perfon whatfocver prefume to enter into the bedchamber 
of the Queene, but fuch as are fworne of that chamber or of our owne when wee are there, 
or fend them thither. 

AND wee flraightly command, that none of the pages of the chamber attending att the 
back itayres, doe prefume at any time to come into the bedchamber to doc any fervice, they 
having there nothing to doe, but that the under Chamberlaine doc make cleane the chamber, 
biing in fire and other neccllaryes.. 

ALSOF. that the pages or one of them doe attend at the ftayres head, as they ufed to doe 
in the tyine of cur deare mother, when they were fird admitted to goe on mellages, and to 
bring fuch things as were for the Queene's fervice, as the chamberers fhould dire£l them, 
to fend theire fervants. 

AND whereas att the firfl: eftablifliment of them there was but two admitted, and now 
being increafed to five, that upon the next avoydance they fliall be reduced to two, and 
in the meane time to waice by turnes onely two att a time, and to keepe but two fervants 
among them all. 

ALL accefs to bee made generally through the roomes of flate, by which the honour of 
the Court is preferved. 

FOR 



344 REGULATIONS FOR THE GOVERNMENT 



FOR THE Privy Closett within the Great Closett on the Queen e's side. 

OUR pleafure is, that the clolTett fliall bee kept for the ladyes and gentlewomen that 
attend the Queene, and that noe gentleman or waiting geudewomcn be fuffered to come into it 
when wee are at prayers or fermon. 

For the Waiters Chambers, Persons allowed to eate there. 

Two gentlemen, ufhers of the Privy Chamber- 
Two cupbearers. 
Three carvers. 
Two fewers. 

One gentleman ufher dayly waiter. 
Groomes of the Privy Chamber. 
Every one of thefe to have a man and noe more. 
One gentleman ufher quarter waiter. 
Foure pages of the chamber to have one man. 
One chamber keeper and a dore keeper to be under thera. 

THE foure waiters at the Queene's boarde in the Prefence Chamber are to fitt firfl, all 
the reft in theire order. 

THAT noe meate bee given away, 

THAT noe man bring a guift but the Carver. 

THAT noe man goe into the waiters chamber to cate or fitt downe att the table before 
the carver and gentleman uflier come in. 

THAT noe fervants bee fuffered to come into the chamber but fuch as are allowed. 

THAT the pages doe fee that noe meate bee imbeafled, neither in the carrying downe 
nor when it cometh into the chamber. 

THAT one of the pages flay in the chamber after the waiters have dyned and fupped, 
to fee the reverfion duly ferved on the table for the fervants that are there allowed, and to 
fuffer noe other to ftay in the chamber. 

LASTLY, wee ftraightly charge gentlemen ufhers dayly waiters, to fee all thefe orders 
to bee duly executed and obferved in the Waiters Chamber. 



THE 



OF THE CLUE EN'S HOUSEHOLD. 345 



THE Lord Chamberlain's Oath, if hee bee not a Privy Councellor... 

YOU doe fvvcare to beare true faith and allegiance to our Soveraigne Lord the King of 
Great Brittaine, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &:c. You fhall nothing 
know that might bee hurtfull to his Majefty'5 perfon or ilate, but you (hall doe your befi: 
endeavours to hinder it, and with all convenient fpeed acquaint his Majedie with the fame. 
You (hall ferve our gratious Lady Queene Mary faithfully and truly in that place whereunto 
you are now admitted, that is, to bee her Majefties Lord Chamberlaine. You (hall doe as 
much as in you lyeth to fee all the orders which now are or fliall be made for the govern- 
ment of her Majefties Chamber to bee duly obferved and kept. All this you (liali faithfully 
obferve and keepe to the uttermoil of your power, Soe help you God. 



Tjie Vice Chamberlaine's Oath. 

ITT is the fame with the former, faving that if hee bee noe Privy Councellor, this 
claufe is to bee inferted, " with all convenient fpeede acquaint either his Majeftie or fome of 
the Lords of Privy Councell with the fame. And alfce this you fhall doe as much as in you 
lyeth, to fee all the orders which now are, or hereafter (hall bee made for the government 
of her Majefties Chamber, to bee duly obferved and kept in the abfence of the Lord 
Chamberlaine." 



The Chancellor his Oath. 

ITT is the fame with the former oathes, onely this being added, viz. ** You fiiall ferre our 
gratious Lady Queene Mary faithfully and truly in that place whereunto it hath pleafed 
her MajelVie to admitt you unto, that is to bee her Majelties Chancellor, Councellor, and 
Com' for her Revenue. This you ihall truly execute and faithfully performe, Soe help 
you God." 

The Oath of the Queene's Servants. 

You A. B. doe fweare to beare truth and allegiance unto our Soveraigne Lord the King's 
Majedie Charles by the Grace of God King of Great Brittaine, France, and Ireland, 
Defender of the Faith, &c. you fhall nothing know that (hali bee hurtfull to his 
Majedies perfon or ftate, but you (hall doe your beft endeavour to hinder itt, and with all 
convenient fpeede acquaint either his MajeiHe or fome of the Lords of the Privy Councell 
with the fame. You doe alfoe fweare to ferve or gratious Lady Queen Mary faith- 
fully and truly, in that place wherunto it hath pleafed her Majeftie to admitt you, that is 
to fay, to bee, &c. 

Y y YOU 



346 REGULATIONS FOR. THE GOVERNMENT 

YOU iliall obferve all order?, rules, and dirc^ions, which now are or hereafter (hall bee 
made, for the honour and proffitt of her M.ijedie, in that place whereunto you are now 
admitted. 

YOU {hall obey the commands of the Lord Chamberlaine, Vice Chamberlaine, and Gen- 
tlemen Ulhers of her Majcfties Chamber, in her Majeflies fervice. All this you (hall 
faithfully obferve and keepc to the utxrmoft of your power, Soe help you God. 



ORDERS 



OF THE QJJEEN's HOUSEHO L D. 347 



ORDERS SIGNED BY THE KiKG AN^D QueENe's MaJESTIE, NOVEMBER, l6^l, 

TO eftablidi government tind ordiTr in our Court on the fide of our dcarefl Confort the 
Queene, which from thence may bee fpread through all parts of our Kingdomes ; wee have 
collefted thefe Articles comformeable to the auncient ordinances of onr houfe, and wee 
command them to bee duly obferved in every point. 

For the Guard Chamber. 

THAT none be fufTered to enter and remaine but the attendance of great perfons of 
quallity, and thofe of the better fort of theire followers ; and that all waiting, except a 
Dutchefs cheife woman, pafs not beyond the Guard Chamber, but attend theire ladyes 
there, the uper part of the faid chamber being kept fitt for them to fitt there ! all footmen 
to bee abfolutely excluded. 

THE Lord Chamberlaine to dyne and fupp in the Create Chamber, upon Sundayes and, 
Coller dayes. 

For the Presence Chamber. 

NONE to have admittance but King's and Qiieene's fervants, being gentlemen of qual- 
lity, except the fecreciries, g.?ntlemen ufhers of peeres wives, and noblemen, and thofe 
of our Councell, and fuch gentlemen of note which are ftraingers as the gentlemen ufliers 
fliall thinke fitt to admitt. 

THE maydes of honour to come into the Prefence Chamber before eleven of the clock, 
and to goe to prayers ; and after prayers to attend untill the Queene bee fett at dynner. 

AND againe at two of the clock to returne into the faid chamber, and there to re- 
maine untill fupper time, and when they fliall be retyred into tlieire chamber, they admitt 
of noe man to come there. 

AND that they goe not att any time out of the Courte without leave aflced of the 
Lord Chamberlaine, Vice Chamberlaine, or of her Majeftie. 

AND that the mother of the maydes fee all thefe orders concerning the maydes duly 
obferved, as (he will anfwer the contrary ; and if fhe ftiall find any refred:orynefs in 
thofe that Ihould obey, that flie acquaint the Lord Chamberlaine, or Vice Chamberlaine 
therewith. 

Y y 2 For 



348 REGULATIONS FOR THE GOVERNMENT 



For the Privy Chamber. 

THAT none under the degree of Barons or Baroneffes, and the Maydes of Honour, 
other then fuch as are fworne of the faid Chamber, bee admitted to enter into the faicl 
Chamber ; and that two of the gentlemen ufhers, whofe turne it is to waite, give theire 
dayiy attendance in the faid Chamber, and if any neceffary occafion (liall fall out concern- 
ing our fervice which requires prefent order, and may not bee deferred, in fuch cafe, one 
of the faid two gentlemen ufhers, wairers for the day, may by turne come to the Gallery 
dore, and noe further, and thence fend by any allowed to bee there, to the Lord Chamber- 
laine or Vice Chamberlaine, and know by them our pleafure; and foe foone as he hath received 
anfwer, he fhall prefently returne into the Privy Chamber, which is the proper place for 
his attendance. 

THAT fourc 'of the groomes of the Privy Chamber give theire dayly attendance in that 
Chamber, to doe theire fervice belonging to theire places, and that one of them doe attend 
att the Withdrawing Chamber dore, to make fires, and doe other fervices as they fliall bee 
commanded, 

THAT the faid Groomes waite allwaies in dublett and hofs without cloakes. 

AND that none but the ladyes bee fuffered to play att any game in the faid chamber. 

For the Withdrawing Chamber, 

THAT noe perfon whatfoever prefume to enter there, other than the ladyes and gen- 
tlemen of the Bedchamber, the lords and others of our Councell, the Lord Chamberlaine, 
Lord Vicecount Savage Mafter of the Horfe, Threafurer, and Secretary to the Queene, 
except CountelTes and Baroneffes, and thofe but upon leave aiked by the Lord C'lainber- 
laine or Vice Chamberlaine, for the faid time onely. 

OUR pleafure is, tliat when the Queene fhall eate att the backftayres, that none bee 
admitted to bee prefent but the Ladyes and Gentlemen of the Bedchamber, Lord Chamber- 
laine, Vice Chamberlaine, Mailer of the Horfe, and Secretary, the Preift or Almoner to. the 
Queene and the Phifttians. 

THAT the pages of the Chamber attending at the backflayres, fuffer not theire fervants 
to come up to doe theire fervice for them ther-e, but doe all fervice belonging to theire 
places in their perfons, and flay noe longer where we prefent the prefent fervice requires. 

AND that be fuffer noe perfon att any time tabee att the baekftayr^s, but fuch as fhould 
bee there. 

THAT the Gentlemen Ufliers of each chamber fee all due refpec^s done unto the faid' 
chambsrs,, and that the order fijned in xxvii. bee duly putt in execution ; and that when 

tlie 



OF THE q^UEEN's HOUSEHOLD. 349 

the lords of our Councell, or the Lord Chamberlalne is in the prefence they fuffer none 
to fitt during the time of tUeire being there, as an honour anciently due unto theire places. 

AND when any of our Councell ihall pafs any of theire chambers, the gentlemen ufhers 
fee all men up and pay theire due refpefts ;. and that accefs bee not made any other way than 
the foreway for the chappell, that none but the g;reat ladyes attending dayly in Court, the 
ladyes in ordinary of the Privy Chamber, the maydes of honour, and the wives of the groomes 
of the Bedchamber, have admittance into the Upper Cloffett on the Queene's fide att fer- 
raon or prayers, that being the proper place onely for thofe who are obliged to give theire 
dayly attendance att all tymes, and therefore not to bee forced to goe into the Towne to- 
fervice, by being excluded that place by flrangers ; and the like priviledge alfoe is due 
unto them when they would fitt below in the chappell : and wee will thofe officers to whom 
it appertaines to fee accordingly referve for them. 

AND laftly that none prefume to have theire deputy to waite for them in theire placev 
except fuch as are vifitted with ficknefs, or have fome other impediment, whereby they are. 
notable to perforrae theire ferviqes, and then with leave afked of the Lord Chamberlalne* 



The 



350 REGULATIONS FOR THE GOVERNMENT 



The Officers and Servants of her Majesty's Household. 

The Lord Chamberlaine. 
The Vice Chamberlaine. 
The Mafter of the Hoiiie. 
The Principal Secretary and 

Mafter of Requefls. 
Five Gentlemen UTners of the Privy Chamber. 
Two Cupbearers. 
Two Carvers. 
Two Sewers. 

Five Gentlemen Ufhers Dayly Walters. 
Eight Groomes of the Privy Chamber. 
Six Gentlemen Ufhers Quarter Waiters, 
Foure Sewers of the Chamber. 
The Clarke of the Cloflett. 

The Apothecary. ' 

The Chirurgeon. 

Foure Pages of the Chamber attending on the back fiayres. 
Foure Pages of the Qiamber. 



Officers of the Robes. 



The Mafter of the Robes. 

The Surveyor. 

The Purveyor. 

The Yeoman. 

The Groome and Tayler. 

The Page. 

The Clarke. 

The Bruflier of the Robes. 

The Clarke of the Jewells. 



Huntsmen. 



The Mafter of the Bows and String Hounds. 

The Keepers of the Hounds. 

The Yeomen of the Bjwes. 

The Groome. 

The Yeomen of the Leifli. 

Two Yeomen Harriers. 



MUSITIANS. 



OFTHE QUEEN'S HOUSEHOL D.. ^^j 



MUSITIANS. 



The Mufitian and his boyes. 
Ten other Mufitians. 
One other Mufitian. 



Groomes of the Great Chamber. 

Twelve Groomes of the Chamber. 
The Keeper of the Chamber. 

Messengers of the Chamber* 
Two Meflengerf. 



Watermen,. 



The Mafler of the Barge. 

Twenty and three other Watermen. 



Phisitians for the Householf^ 



The Doftor. 
The Apothecary, 
The Chirurgeon. 



Women Servants to her Majestie. 



Ladyes of the Bedchamber. 

Groome of the Stoole. 

Miftrefs of the Robes. 

Ladyes of the Privy Chamber. 

Ladyes Keepers of the fweete coffers. 

Maydes of Honour, fix. 

Six Chamberers. 

The Under Chamberers. 

The Laundrefs for the Body, 

The Seamflrefs. 

The Queene's Women. 

Three Laundry Maydes. 

7 ORDI^ 



3it OIIDINANCES MADE BY KINa CHARLES It 



ORDINANCES made by King Charles the Second for the Government or 

HIS Household *. 



Charles R. 

TO ESTABLISH good government and order in Oar Court, which from thence 
may fpread with more honour through all parts of Our Kingdoms, We have collefted thefe 
Articles conformable to the ancient Ordinances of Our Houfe, and command them to be 
duel}' obferved in every part. 

FIRST, Wee command Our officers, and namely Our Knight Marfhall, not to fuffer about 
or nere Our (landing houfes, any houfes, tents, boothes, or places, to be employed for 
tipling-houfes; felling or takeing tobacco, hott waters, or for any kind of diforder, which befides 
the annoyance, live upon Our Houfe and corrupt the meaner fort. 

THE faid Marlhall fliall caufe his men to waite daily to punifli and remove vagrant per- 
fons, rogues, and all forts of beggars, idle and loofe people, and (hall not fuffer them to 
haunt about Our Court in any place within his jurifdiftion. 

LIKE care fliall be taken by Our porters, not to permitt any ftragling and raafler- 
leffe men, any fufpitious perfon, or uncivill, uncleanly, and rude people, or beggars to 
«ome within Our Court, or to haunt or lurke any where within Our Ploufe. 

AND whereas many infirme people refort for healing to Our Court, and firfl: for their 
probation tile to flock to the lodgings of Our chirurgions within Our Houfe (which is not 
only noyfome, but may be very dangerous in time of infeftion) Wee command that henceforth 
j'lO fuch refort be permitted widiin Onr Houfe, but that probation of fuch pcrfons as are 
to be brought to Our prefence be made in other places, without admitting any into the 
Houfe, till the day for healing be appointed by Us, and order given for the fame by Our 
Lord Chamberlaine, or Vice Chamberlaine, who only are to move Us herein. 

TO the end Wee may be ferved by none but of honefl reputation, and that Our Houfe 
may be a place of civility and honour, Wee are pleafed to renew the ancient order,that if any 
-of Our Court fhall be noyfed to be a prophane perfon, an outrageous riotter, a ribald, a no- 
torious drunkard, fwearer, rayler, or quarrellor, a fugitive from his matter, a bankrupt, 
fufpefted for a pilferer or a theefe, or be otherwife fo vitious and unmannerly that he be un- 
fit to live in-vertuous and civill company, he fliall be convened before his fuperior officer 
to be examined, and thereupon admoniflied or punifhed as caufe (hall require ; and fncb. 
as are found incorrigible fliill be banifhed. And accordingly Wee require Our chiefe 
officers above and beneath the flaires, once a month to furvey the houfe to fee it purged of 
fuch^people, and to redreffeand punifli difordeis committed by any in their lodgings, or elfe- 
where hi or about Our Court, whereby any annoyance, danger, or juft ofTence, may grow. 

* Traafcribed from tlie original on Vellum, under the Royal SignManual; in the Library of Thomas Aftle, Efq. 

ANOTHER 



FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. 353 

ANOTHER ancient ordinance Wee command to be obferved, that none be recommended 
or admitted to any office or place of fervice in Our Court, that is not a feeniely perfon, 
of honeft birthi and fitting education, well difpofed ia religion, and of vertuous and fobcr 
carriage. 

IN generall Wee require all Our officers and fervants to performe their dutyes faithfully 
and diligently according to their oaths, with due refpeft to Our honour, with decencie, with 
courteous and civill behaviour, and with fitt obfeivance and reverence to all officers and 
others according to their degrees. 

THAT order and honour may be (hewed at the entrance of Our Court, Wee command, 
Our porters to waite diligently in their courfes, and to obferve with care the perfons oF 
all men that offer to come in ; and to keepe out and repell all fuch as are unfitt to enter, 
or which preffe in with rudeneffe and diforder, and efpeclally all fuch fufpicious perfons that 
prefume to bring with them any piltolls, daggs, daggers, cudgells, or other unfit weapons ; 
and alfo -Aich divines as come to Our Handing houfes without gownes and fitt habitts anfwer- 
able to their degrees-, and all fuch men and women of inferior quality as come "muffled, 
mafqued, or otherwife difguifed. But for all other that come to Our Court in civid manner for 
Our fervice or their owne affaires, Wee require Our faid porters to receive them with 
curtefy, and to make way whh due reverence to all perfons of place, and honour, and 
quality. 

Great Chamber, 

FOR Our Yeomen of the Guard Wee have made a new Eftablifhment, there beinpr 
added to the captaine, a lieutenant, enfigne, and toure corporalls, being commiffioned 
officers ; and Wee have continued the Clerk of the Cheque, and one hundred yeomen of 
Our guard, to be in conftant wayting, as followeth : one of the commiffioned officers to be 
always in wayting to receive orders and the word daily from Us, and forty yeomen to be 
couftantly upon duty, as well to attend upon Our Perfon abroad as to do the fervice of the 
Houfe i all which officers and yeomen ffiall be fvvorne to obey Our Lord Chamberlaine and 
Vice Chamberlayne by themfelves, or the Gentlemen Ulhers in their abfence ; for Our fer- 
vice ffiall be delivered to the officer in wayting, who upon fuch notice given ffiall appoint 
what number of Our guard is defired, in fuch place and for fuch fervices as ffiall be defired ; 
and if no officer ffiall be prafent, a yeoman uffier with the yeomen ffiall goe and performe the 
fervice, according as he ffiall be required by Our Lord Chamberlayne, Vice Chamberlaine, 
or by their order by the Gentleman Uffier dayly wayter, upon all occafions as Our fervice 
ffiall require ; and if no officer be upon the guard, nor yeoman uffier, then the yeomen fnail 
obey the diredlions of the gentlemen uffiers, that Our fervice be not neglesfled. 

THE Yeomen of Our guard are to attend in Our Great Chamber as hath been accuf- 
tomed ; and becaufe their fervice importeth not only the fafety of Our Perfon but the hon- 
our of Our Court, Wee ordaine, that none hereafter be fwornc and enrolled of that Band 
that is not of tall perfonage, ftrong, a£live, and of manly prefence : and that fuch, acco;:!ing 
to Oar prerogative, be chofen out of the fervants of Our nobility if wee pleafe, or where elle 
they may be found, and that they be freely placed, and enjoyned to eiiecutc their 

Z z fervice 



S54 ORDINANCES MADE BY KING CHARLES 11. 

fcrvlcc in perfon, and not to be excufed by the attendance of extraordinary hired men, as 
fomctimcs hath beene done. 

AND as for fetting the watch at night, which formerly was by the cfquiresof the Body, .Our 
pleafure is, that troni hcnceforwarci ttie watch be fett by the officer of the guard in waiting, 
who (hall deliver the names of the faid watch in writing to the Efquire of Our Body, to be 
by him carryed into Our Bedchamber as heretofore was done by them. 

The officer of Our guard in wayting (hall caufe ilri^l guard to be kept at the doore of 
Our Guard Chamber and Prefence Chamber, and other places in Our houle, as from tim.e 
to time wee Ihall command, duely obferving the orders Wee fhall fett up and ordaine in 
Our Houfe, and they fhall take care that the yeomen ufliers fee that the clvamber be kept 
clean and fweet, and that they caufe the doore to be carefully kept, not fuffering any foot- 
man to enter into the Chamber except Our footmen, and the footmen of Our dearefl: Conforc 
the Qj.ieene, Our deare Brother and Sifter the Duke and Dutchefl'e of Yorke, and Our 
Coufin Prince llupert, and all Pages; thefe are permitted to ftay there, but to paffe no 
further ; nor any idle, mean, or unknovvne perfons to enter therein. And if any of the 
footmen of the gentlemen that attend Us, or others that are come into Our Houfe, come to 
fpeak with their mafters, that they be not fufiered to paffe through the chamber, but that the 
Y'eoman Ufher fend a groome or a page of the Prcfencc Chamber unto the Gentleman Ufher 
Quarter Wayter artendmg at the Piefence Chamber doore, to acquaint his mailer therewith, 
who is to come out to him to fpeak with him, and not to fend for his footman into the 
faid room. 

x\ND that after Our meat is ferved up, they fuffer none- to enter into the faid Chamber, 
or remaine there, but only fuch as have fervice to do within, or as they (hall have order 
from the gentlem.en ulhers to let in, or perfons of good fafliion and good appearance that 
have a defire to fee Us at dinner; and not any inferior, meane, or unknowne people ; all 
which perfons fhall be permitted into Our Prefence Chamber at the difcretion of the Gentle- 
man Uflier daily wayter, or in his abfence the Gentleman Uflier quarter wayter. 

IF there (hall happen any diforder or quarrel amongft any of Our fervants in the Great 
Chamber, the officer in wayting, the Clerk of the Checque, or the yeomen uffiers in their 
abfence, are to difcharge their* of their attendance till the caufe be heard and puniflied by 
the Lord Chamberlayne. 

IF any of the yeomen of the- Chamber that keepe the doore be abufed by any, the Officer in 
in wayting, Clerk of the Cheque, or Yeoman Ulher, fhall informe the Lord Chamberlayne, 
or in his abfence the Vice Chamberlaine, that example may be made of him or them that 
ihall do the fame. 

THAT the groomesof the Chamber do give their conftant attendance in the Great Cham 
ber, according to fuch orders as Our Lord Chamberlaine (hall appoint. 

THAT the meffengers of Our Chamber do give their conflant attendance on Us, Ouc 
Privy Counciil, and Secretaries of State, as Our Lord Chamberlaine fhall appoint. 

Presencjs 



FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF HIS HOUSEHOLD. ^SS 



Presence Chamber. 

FOR Our fervice in Our Chamber of Prefence Wee ordaine, that the gentlemen ufhera 
daily wayrers, to whom Wee confirme all their ancient rights and priviledges, or one of 
them, and the Gentleman Uilier aOiftant, fliall wayte every day, and be in Our faid Prefence 
Chamber by eight of the clock in the morning, and fee the Chamber be made fweete and 
cleane by the pages of the Chamber, and take order for the fervice of All-day. 

WHENSOEVER Our fervice (hail require the duty of Our Yeomen of the Guard, in 
the abfence of Our Lord Chamberiaine and Vice Chamberlaine, the Gentleman Ulher daily 
wayter fhall acquaint the Officer of the Guard in wayting therewith, with the place and 
number of men that will be necelTary, and the Ofhcer (hall immediately appoint the yeomea 
to goe and performe the faid fervice according