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Full text of "Collection of pamphlets and articles by Albert Harkavy on various topics in Jewish history and ..."

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— 9 — 



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10 



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EpOTHBOEOJIOEEH. 

no BOJEEOt BaSEOCTE BOHpOGOB1> CnOC0((t paspaliOTEM 



77—79, UB. 



— n — 

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10, Bi i[pfl<$aBJieHJM'B R'h MacyAH ^) 

(Crp, 7 B 285) HtfparaM^ a.ii.-$a3apH, o KOTOpOM'B 
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BpocTpaHCTB'b paaainuuxi* ^ocyAapcTB^; cm. CTaiLio r. niTe2H- 
mHe&Aepa: Zitr Oosdachti^ der UtjlierBelzuugen a us deiu 
Iiitlist'heu ias ArHUscho '"*)^ jl Bocjt Hamcn, hto Ma* 
tfAH jiiottHBaei'B Taota R^pamiia hoa'b Ba3BaHieHi» »A(»y* 
HcxaEa (^^ HCparniia) ajB-OaaapH, aBTopa KtmiaSh ac-Oiap?. 
(jtromefc)*' '), Jiai uero ffBcTByet'b, qro uoa'b aBTopoin* 

M Cm. eme o6i. AxTaii aaiti^auic aKaAeMioca Aopna, Melanges Asiati- 
^WliB^ T. \1 p. 362. 
*) Zeitodirift der deut. raorgeid. GcBellaeli., WTi9^ p. 884, 372—8. 
FMiries d'vr; (sd. Pails, T. II, ^ ^m. 




— 12 — 

Ef/ma6h aa-audoicz h Kacudu Macy;^H paayiitji'B MyxaHiieAa'y 
cuHa HtfparHMa aJiE-^aaapw* Bai'feqy eme, htq flayrt 
wh Boii* CjoBapi (I, 27) xaKEe Ha3iiBaeTi» MyxaMMeAOH'B 
aBTopa Sudom, 

(Cip. 17— IS) gHaqeHiH apatfcEofl reneajioriH Bootfine 
H cBHstTejBCTBax^ A-ii.'KaiL((H wh ocofieHHocTi! cp, eme cTaT^ro: 
die Genealogie HlJipeHrepa *') h saMt^iaHiH HejibpKe ^). 

(Cip. 22 npHM. 2) %o Ayiapii Bt aoBapt IIicyTaTOit- 

Macy;tE '"). H<Jffli>-a;[L-ATHpi. EmnerL dto rniii npasaiLH-lie 
(Q^iep'B '*). 

K'fc A,ib-^€ipraHii. 

(Cip, 28 e 286) A(Jyju>-$e^a, no saMtMamiQ A, A. Ky- 
EHfia, saHMCTBOBajii usBtcTie Tarapaxii y HCfH^-ajiL-ATEpa, 
lOApolJuiifi paacKaair KOToparo o HamecTBiii TaTapi 1221-ra 

H CJltjtyiOJHHXTj rOflOB'L HS^aH'B aTflM-L yieHHMTj B1> pyCCKOtt'L 

nepeBOA* '^)- 

Ki. lf6Hi.-Xap,|n,noe, 

(Cip. 47) ^TO 9T0T^ EBTopi* HHcaji'B Wh 70-x^ ro^tas'b 
IX cTOJitTiK bh;i;ho TaKJKe Mat Toro otfcToaTejiLCTBa, mto 
flKyTB, npH HcqHc.ieH!H CBOHXt Bpe^ineeTBeHHmoB'B (I, 7), 



") LGb€ii unci Lehre MohaMmads, BerliQ. 1869| T. m, p. C2CX 

") N^ldekc, Ueber die AmaJekiter, Gottingen 1864. 

**) Prairies d'or, T. IV p. B2j cp. npim. HuxaT&iJ!, Tairb-ae CTp. 460* 

»') Ibu el-Athiri Chronicon, cd» Toniberg, T. I, p, 67. 

^*) y^eBUJi SaimcKii AKaAeiilii HayKi, t* U, 18M> crp, 640 o atix> 



rniBHTB ero na nepBHft QJiaH'b, EpeSA^ Hiiy(SE a Jl^traai, 

lOTOpue aC^ xthc^jh b^ Koaut IX BtKa. 

(Crp- 48 H 52) BMtcTo EyMH, keki quiuerB «{ipaimy3- 

Loul H3AaTejL H6flT>-XopAaA6«, citAjei*^ ^iflxaTii Tyjwj, 

[(Thule, CfiafiAHHaBifl), saK'B ^ ;tOKa3aji^ bt> ciaTLt: ^KieBX, 
lieiufiHe H CKaH^HHaBij! b'l apadcKoM lETopaT^^b'', EOTopaa 

[(JjAtTB Bane^aiaHa wh* oahom^ H3^ H3AaHifi AKaAeniH Hayi£i». 
9to HSBtcTie aaoMCTBOBaHo, m Bce2 BtpojiTHoeTi, BamHM'L 
aBTopoii> y Aji.-KjiHAH; cm. Boj. Ciob, JlEyia (I, 500, 
895) H ^a-Tbe b^ upHfJaB^ieHiifit kt. Macy^H. Hacejiy Bce 
(xaaafifloe mbos) b'l ofiiacHeHie ataro noKaaaflia Htfn'b-Xop- 
XaA*^ (cTp. 52)^ KaK'b ocfiOBaaMoo na HeBpaBHJiiiHOM'b ^Teuin 

I £jf-iiji y <fpafiuy3CKaro H3,T,aTeM axaro aBTopa, ao-ikho iuth 
Ui^epEEyTo* 



Kii A.iii-flKyuu. 



k CTp. 70 E 290) Ho nOBOjtyBOspaaceffiiir. XBOJii>fOHa,OfHOBaH* 
y fla ero HaxoAKt b^ oahoA BepjimcKofi pyKomicH, mo 
iiAJie;t'B ajiB-KaTH(Si XEJit aa KaBKast f noceiy lort xo- 
pomo 3HaTb PycoBi,— a yxo BupaaaJi^ coMHtHie b'l xoae- 
CTB* sTaro AxMefla ci» HaniHM'L ilnyfiH (cTp. 305 npHi.), 
noToiy ^TO ApadoB'L-KaTiitfoB'B (Mcapefi, ceKpeiapefi) mM> 
imeHeM'B Anejia aoboilho Moro *'"'). 9to OTOK^ecTBJieHie 
cxaio ^Jia MCHH coBctM'L Bm'hfQSiJEim'h cl loro BpeMeHH, 
EOB^ a yanaJi'L, ito Axite^'L BepiracKofl pyKOiiECH eochtti 
Bpo3BaEie AAb-Mc^ainnu (Hcij^araHeiCL, no ropofly Hcej^aran^L 
Wh IlepciE), e6o ilKy^E, KaK'L 6ujio sait^eHO mhoio (cip. 59), 
irposHBaetca y MacyJ^H AAh-Miu^u (ErHnxEHEE'L). A TaK^ 
mvh ytBepaA^Hie A. A, EyiEKa (y mm crp, 306), 'jto 



'*) Cm. Baiip, BoJi- Ciob. ^lyra, h3I. Bi>cTeii4»ejtbMi Ij 46d» 5t>3 III, 
139, 243, 935 IT, 730, 849. 



— 14-- 



SKj6n lmz^:l^ o KaBKaat ' *), h tto owl ^iro iEHm Hi 
ApMeHiii, ocflOBHiaeTciT Bce na OTOSACcTUJieHiH r. XBOJiLCona, 
TO a H0 aaxoHy Bt Boapaaieiiiii uonTeHHaFo aKa,neMHEa hh- 
'lero TaKoro, mo aacTaBii.io 6u mchh BaaiL Hasa^'i* upe^^no- 
jroxeHie o BCTaBKt bx TeKcrh Rej6^. il jioismi oAHaso sa- 

MtTHTBj 1T0 npOTHBTi AOBOA^, OCHOBaHflarO Ha T0M1», 1T0 

ilnyfja, eciHtJir ob'b ynoMHyjn> hm 'Pyc^, aojimhi. tfujn* 
(5h, no;i;o(!Ho H(jm)-XopAaAtfe h MyKawccH, npflfiaBHTi) Koe- 
^iTo j(M CijHffiaftEiaro oro oupw^-^^^HiH (oip, 70, 289— 90) — 

MOEHO COBCtM^ OCHQBaTeiLilO B03pa3HTL, ^ITO B'B fle;iOCTaH)- 

meirt Bt HameMii TeECT* ^Khhfh ctpaH'B** flKy(Si! omcaHiii 
ctBepHoff ^acTH cBtia **^) umh PycB, 6litl Mo^ieT'bj <5hio yate 
ynoMflfljTO ff oiipe.T^'tjieHO. 

P. S. HaiiEcaB'L sto, namojt a y JlKjia (L 222), nro 
H6J^B-Ba;^Irx^ a.w>-Hc(|)araaH 6iiJi% ceKperapeM^ y MaorHxi> 
apMHHCEHXx uapeii n jkhii> AOjro B'b Apieniii. H ae tOMi- 
BaDCB hi Ton^ ^to ecjtfl boo($^o bi £aEo&-HJidy;],L BepjBH- 
CEoii pyi^oMCH MaxoAHTCJi ^To-HJi(!yAi> Moxoaee rf ecm bi» naMiH r. 
XBOJtBCOEa He cutmaHi* ilKyTi. cb BepiiBHCEoii pyKOMCBB) — 
TO bo BcnEOM'fc CJiyHat o6a 3th uoEasaaii ofi'L ll(JEi»-Ba^axl 
Hc(j)araHH TO^AtSf^^rBeaBiii. TaK'L EaE'L tjt'l bobco ne roBopHT- 
ciT, qio HMJi 9Taro AjL-Heiliaraim (jujio AiMe;!,^, to ii m 
3flaB>, noMeay r, XBOJitcoHi* yiBepat^aeT't ra.n'h EaionflTejiLHo, 
HTO 3T0Tb Mc4l>araiiH ToacA^CTBeat c'j> JiKyCn. G% cboom cTopoEu 
£ HHtio AOCTaTo^Moe ocHOBaaid Ayv^Tb^ ^to aro AB'b pasauii 
jiH^noGTM. H<iO npexA^ Bcero tfacaoaoBELiI xapaETepi» osEa- 
tieraaro noEaaaaLi Hcijiaraaa, Haup. »iTo m ApMeaiH J IS 
rocyAapcTii-B, liTo bt^ Copflpt 18,000 ce-ieaifi {!), a bt* Ap- 
paHt— 4,000 cejieaifi, mo Boodii^o e% '6wm> itpat (iojiLiiie 



'*) IlfH) Hsy6u H3BiCTH0 TOlLltO, ^ilu uili. JlHCiUl Pynt (BHSauriU llAIl 

'^) Liber regionum Al-Jaqubii, ed. A' JupibaU, p. 11 2 






4,000 rocyj^apcTBx— Bce ara ^to-to He ki rany rpesBOMy 
a TOfiHovy ILsyCiH, mcsioshm hh ero aaaen m% Knmi^ 
cmptmh. Bo Btoprax, AKyvb aba paaa yiioiuiAaeT'b sHKyua, 
spv HenHcienii €80111% HpeAnecTBeauHKOBL (I, 7) h eiue 
0ffmb paai (II, 417), h 06a paaa ho uoa'e ExeBeK^ Hc^^a- 
mm, HO noA'L HMeHeHii Axxe^^a H($E'B-BaAHxa. E^^EHCTBcinioe 
TOtcTie, soTopoe uj^iboji^ics, wh Boj. CiOBapt oti* hm6eh 
Sxj6ii ill, 417), OTflocHTca e-l oahoA whcTmcris. bi» Ethh- 
rt, ^To noATBepamaeTB to, nro naiTB y^Ke HSBtcTHO m31i 
MacjAH, a oemio^ ^to .E£y6H 6ua% ErEOT^EHBOHii, a ne 
n<;4»araHneMii. Bee, wto r, Xboilcohi* Mon> 611 npBBOGTH 
wh noiBsy Tosj^ecTBa >lKy(JH ex osBaiemiiofL Hc$araEH— &to 
.npoaBame II($fli»-BaAHr&i BOTOpoe ohh oCta hocotb. IIpaB^a, 
wa iipo3BaHie aio He o^eBt nacio Bcipt^aeTCJi, ho onaiB- 
tau m laE^ pt;^KO JiaK^, mmrh (Jmtb, Ay^^aerL r. XfiOJiLcoe'B, 
wOo y o;iHaro IlKyia ji Hameii* ABa hm TpB Jinqa ci, raKHU'B 
I Dpo3BaEieM7>, H ua oauo h.iii hzxi* y mmk on'b^eHO, ^to oho yio- 
^j^aeia b:^ Boi. CjioBapt HI, 124, 142 IV, 975. 

^ HOH< 



Ki> Ax-Taaapii. 



(Crp. 74 Hpm. 4) 22-fi roxT> rB^atpti naqHia^Tca 30 
HOJatfpa ti42-ro h oKaniiEBaeTCfl 18 HOfitfpn 643-rD ro^a no 
P. X, IIoceMy nefitpHo cKaaaeo y Menii^ uto aTo iipoHCXOAKJio 
Bt 644 ro;i;y* 

(Crp. 75 npHM- 4) Y mmn HHze (cip. 80) Hoiaraetca 
ryplff- A* A. Kyniffi^ npe^EOJioraeT'b BaflTH b-b fl^Mypanm 
0b BapiaHTaiH KaBEaacKifl rypicAt; cp. jtajite, b-b npnOaB- 
Jiemaxt k^ Maey;pt, no noBOAy HueEE Xaspam. 

(Ctp. 77 o(h»HC. 1) HeAaBHo a hh^jtb eiy^afi aaMt- 
THTB ***), TITO TaiJapH aaiimcTBOBaiTb 9tot'l OTpuBOK-B y Can- 

Ba ^ap€rpaA^», soTopaa 6y;^erb uanetaianA wh anyimajt M. H. IL 



— 16 — 

;ia HljH%-Mycaifl(fa, yiepmaro b'5 94 ro^y rH;i,»pH— 712— • 
13 uo P, X., Ko BpeMeHH KOToparo sopamo hastb Btipaate- 
Hie: ^APF^^i ^^^'^ HeHSBtcTHLie aapo^M** npo ctBepo-BOCTOi- 
HjD Espoiiy, H(Jo B-b TO BpcMH ApaOu eme He . ycutM no- 
anaKoiHTbca c^ Pjccehm, XasapaMB, ByirapaMH, BypTacami 

H T. A. 

(Cxp. 80—1, o^^bm. 4) Mflt HeiaBicTHOj ea KaKOMi^oc- 
HOBami r. KyEmcB roBopHrt; ^,Tohho Tasse mo^bo oaLMAatB 
nro BaiOAflinaiicH bi» Eepjnrnt XU uacTB apadcKaro boa- 
,iHHMBKa BceMipBofl HCTOpiH TaCfapH, jiocxaBiiTi* ((.Maiaflniiji 
otJiiacEeiiiji Tony 4*^KTy, nw (JyATO (iu Apafiu, bi> VUI 
Bist, nepeceaiiiH 20^000 CiaBSH^ b^ rpyaiio*' *'). Ha 
KocBeHHHfi KG BOBpoci*, npe^JianieMiJil mh* Taiij se aTHMT> 
yieHHM'L, Eo^ieMy s. ne cstpBii* aiaro Ktcia cb pyKoiiHCLK), 
A yxe saMtTHii* b-l osHaqenEofi cTaTLt, mto bo BpeM mo- 
0X1* aaBBTiH Bi> BepJiHECKofl uyfiimHofi tfiidiioTeKt, bt> a<^'- 
Katfpt 1S6S ro;ta, pyKOBHCK Ta6apH le 6um Wh (SiC.iioTeK'h 
Da JUiUfl^ a tfHia KOMy-TO BUAaua na aomi>. 

Kti lloH'ij-Oaa^iaiiy. 

(Cip. 82 npHM- 1) flKyrL ynonimaeT'L onepaET* EKcareM 
nojt'B HieHeMt II(!H^-$apaHa *% m totb a&HiTB Bt XI Bisi 
H BooeMy He Mosert 6HTLTaffi;iecTBeHi)C'E aBT0p0Mii„3anHCKu'' 
EOCOJTBCTB* B^ Byirapt. 

(Cip. 83 h' 103—4) KpoMt JiKyTa, CBiA*fli^MH Mb^- 
faajraBa noju^aoBaiHCL Tauace H<5ht>- JI^acTa * -) e aBTQpi>j ciy- 
SHBHiiB B€TO^HBKOM^ ;i,Jiii HSBtoTift Xasapaxi, y HcTaxpu 
H HfiHij-XayKauj {ei> eiht* „Bbaij Cxpaui***). 

^n Bi aaK-h^HiaxL ea ynoMJiHyTyro cmtLiD r. IIorojiHiia, crp, 18. 
") Boj. Cjtob. mx* Bi)CTeH(t>eju»Aa, t, IV, cip. 339, n» en. ^IL&xa&U. 
••) Ciw. Myc. itHCftT., cxp, 261, 269, 270. 



— 17 — 

(Orp, 98 npm 2). pBsimiHHXt aHa^enkx'B apatfcKaro 
lOBa uaajm en. Dozy ***) h IHupeHrepa ^% 

(Cxp. 118). ^TO (Jo-iLHioe HCTopmccKoe co^HHeHie Macy,ii.H 
lumaffa ax^apz os-aaMOH^ cocTOOO hs'B TpH;i;i^aTH ^acTcfi 
(^jfHifHz) ^ir nocjr* HamejB B^ 3oAomux^ Ajna^ ")- Otho- 
ciTejLLHo BtacKoB pyKoracH h Jiovixofft aaitTHTB, wro no nt- 
KOTopinrL npHsnaKaiTB irili gaxeTcjT, qro ona ne etn n%crh 
Eumafk axf)ap% as-mHo/m, KaK'L nojarawTR KpeMep^ h 

(Crp, 120). Kmnji Qo^ftyMdcHiR emmaHiH Maryj^H MMli-n> 

«, BO BpCMH npetfllBaHIJ! Bl» IlapiiXt, BOSMOXHOCTIi npofMiiT- 

proaTB. HHse nontnieELt iTSB-ie^eEb hb'l nUy Kacajooikcii 

CiaBHFB H PyCGKHTB. 

(TaFR ate, upmi, 4). Bii Snmmun^ MjtJCLVh ]ffacyjr.K yno- 
HHaero, ^^ ohx nyTemecTBOBajn. bo paaHHrt. MopflMi., no 
KHTaScKoiy, PynCKOsry^, XasapcKOiy h t* a* **'*). Pa3yM*cTX 
7^ Macy^p otfuKHOBeimo ^0JI;^ PtfMCKmtz CpeAHaemioe 
lope, no;^^ XaaapcKHM-B — EacDiHcKoe Mope* 

(Crp- 121). K7» Tic^nrjeHHHM'B (wh 3 h 4 cipoKax'b) an- 
TopaiTE cj*;tyeTB onte npntfaBHTi* Htfn'L-KyTaBdy **). 

(Crp. 129 npim. 4). OnHcaBie 9titx^ Bitjtimrt laMOB-L 
y rE({pajuTapcKaro opo.iHBa Haxo^ETGa m SoAomum Ay 
taa^. *''). 

(Crp. 134) Me3Kj;y 15-m^ IG-m'B orpaBKaiH HaAOtfno eo- 



*" Do3r)% Dictionnaire des noras de vetements chez les Arabes, Amster- 
dam 1&45 p. 21—38. 

»*) I^ben und Lplirc dos Mohammad, T, III, p. 63 Anm, L 
«*) Prairies d'or, T. I, p. 276. 
**) TaKi «e, cip, 234. 
•*) Taiii. ze, crp. 15. 
") Tan* ae, crp. 267, 



— 16 — 

Xa HiJH^-MycamlJa, pepmaro b-l 94 ro^y rB[AEpu~7l2 — 
13 no P. X.J ED BpeaeHH Eoxoparo xopoino eAeit BHpaae- 
Eie: nApyrie, homi* HeHSBtcTHHe Eapo;i,u** npo ctBepo-Bacxai- 
Hyio EBpoiy, h(Jo Bt to Bpeiifl Apa6a eme He . ycntjiH no- 
3HaKoiHTLCfl 0% PyccKJDtH, XaaapaiiH, Byirapaia^ Bypiacajm 

H T, A. 

(Crp. 80 — 1, oCfiac. 4) Mat neHSBtcTHO, ea KaKOMtoc- 
HOBaniH r. KyHHicB roBopHTi: ^To^iho laKse lomflo OEifAan 
iTO flaioflHma^CH m BepjiMHt XII qacTt apa^cKaro boa- 
.iflHHHKa BceMipeoli ncTOpiE TaiJape, A<><^^aBMT'L fJM^aflBM; 
Q6%mRdmn tomj iJjaKTy, qio (JyA^o (!h Apadu, bi> VI^H 
BtK*, nepecejEiH 20,000 C.iaHHHi> bx rpyaiio" *'). Ha 
socB^HBufi se Bonpaci., npeAiaraoMtifi mwh Tani ae othmt. 
fqeiHH^, Eo^ieMy a He CB*po'L aiaro Etcia ci. pyKOHMCLio, 
I y^e 3aitToi> Bir 03HaqeHEo8 cxaTttj hto m BpeM no- 
Hit aaiJiTiii Bt EepMBciiofi ny(JiMHofi (JiitfiioTeElj, B7> a*^- 
Ea(Jp* 1868 roAa, pyKonHOii Ta{5apH le toa wh (jMCiioTeEt 
Ha Mqo, a (Suia soiy-TO BK/i;aHa na At^^'^- 

n't lloHi«-<Iia4aany. 

(Crpt 82 BpiM. 1) flKyri* yEOsimaerB ome pa3T> nieaTe-iJi 
mxh MmEm% HfiH-B-^aflJiaHa **), ho tot-b khi'l b-l XI b^e* 
H EoccMy He MosKerii (funToatAecTBeffBCE aBTopoMt»3anHCEH" 

HOCOJiiiCTBt wb Byjirapt. 

(CTp. 83 H 103—4) KpoMt flKyia, mtji^fmsm Mwb- 
ftaAJJana HO^iLsoBajmci. xaKae HfiH-L-^acxa ' '^) n asiopij, cjry- 
JKHBBiifi HCTO^HHKOMt ji,M HEBtcTiS Xa3apaxi» y Hciaxpn 

1 HCfiii-XayEaijff (b^ EHHii ^Bhau CipaHt"), 

") B-b san-fe^ankxi Ha ynoiMHyTyi) CTaTi.io r. IIoro^Ha, cTp. 18. 
*•) Bw. CioB. aajt, BDCTen(jiejLAa, t. IY, cip, S39, n. «. laxaEia. 
*•) Ciaa. Myc. nHcar., cxp, 261, 269, 270, 



m^ 



— 17 — 



"npHi 2). pBsiiHnnjxt sna^emirxt apa(JcKaro 
ciOBa map^ cm, ^m '"*) h lEnpoHrepa "). 

K-b A4i»-Macy4n. 

(CTp. 1 1 S). ^TO (Jojri.nioe HCTopi^ccKoe co'^iraGHie Macy^H 
KmiaGa ax6aph as-auMam cocTOffJia H3^ TpiTii;uaTH ^acrell 
{ififntjnh)^${ noGJrt HamexL m>3oAomharh Ayiam "). Otro- 
fHTejLHo BlmcKofi pyKODHCH fl aojrateBTB aaiitTHTij, tto no irt- 
soTopMirL npHSHaKasfB mh* KaajeTcn, ^to ona He ecTt qacTB 
Kuma6t axfkijm os-aaMam, KaRt noiaraiarL Kpenep'B i 

(Crp. 120). Rnmif eoaffi/Mdems enuManiH Macy^H JswkjUi 
ji, BO BpeMfl upeduBafli^ b^b TlapHmt, bosmoehoctii npofniaT- 
pifBaTB, HHEe noMtmoHH iT3Bwie^eHm m% Hea, Kacaiomutf^ff 

OjiaBHHT. H PyCCRHX'B. 

(Tail 3Ee, irpra. 4). Bi^ Sommurh Myiaot^ Mar y;i:i yno- 
iMHaen, ^to ohip nyTeraecTBOBa.n no passuMii MopM-L, no 
EirraScKOMy, PyiiCKOMy, XasapeKoiy b t, j,. *'*). PaayMtcT'B 
se Macyj(H otfuKHOBeMO no^'B PifMcmtMz CpeflHseiuioe 
iOpe, noAi* XaijapcMiTE^KaciriitcKoe Mope* 

(Crp. 121). K^ HCMcjteHEHM'B (bt> 3 h 4 crpoKax^) aB- 
TOpaM^ cJii^yeTL emo BpHtfaButb H(!fl'L-KyTaB(5y *^). 

(Crp. 129 rrpni, 4). OiiHcamo btbx'B Mt;i,iiHX% iiaintoBi* 
y FfldpajiTapcKaro npojiHBa naxoABTCii b^ Soaomux^ Ay- 
toa^. ). 

(Orp. 134) MeKjty 15-m'b 16-ii^ oTpHBKaMH Ha;i,o(Siio no- 



•" Dozy, Dictionnaire des Eoma de vetcments cbez les Arabes, Amster- 
dam 1845 p. 2i— 38. 

»») Lebim tind L^hre des Hohaniiniid, T. Ill, p. 63 Anm, 1. 

«) Prairies d^or, T. 1. p. 276. 
l«*) TaKT. me, cip. 234. 
^•*) TaiTb «e, cTp. 15. 

«*) Twn xe, crp. 267, 




— llB — 



cfix^ uopi» yr,Ki)iiB3ffyio orb ECflii. 

^npoTiiJfienie ^^') ppaBa KycxanTJiBm — 350 iwajib; no 
^(pjTHM^ ae^MeHJjTTo 9Toro. TIlHpHHa ero bi* tom^ Htcrh, 

r^Xt Offb BHXOAHTb HWb MOp£ ilaiOTaCt— OKOJIO 10-TH MJilb, 

Sa^cii HaiOAfiTQi SEJEHiua H pyMCKiu (BE3aHTiHCKiu) ropo;^i», 
no HMCBE Xapcasa *')^ Koiopufi yj^epKHBaoTij "") EpHX0Aaffl,ie 
iw^HM^ MopeMx KopaiJM PycoBTi n ApyrBX^\ 

IIoAofJaoe ace noKasaiie iiaxoAHTCH m> ApyroMi> co^HnemH 
namero aBTopa, m> IlapEjRCEOfi pyKormcH Kumat% mn-muu- 
Gun; OHO (Jujio noApo6Ho pa;]o(fpano moio b^ ocotJofi ciaTi,* ^% 
cyjAHOcn EOTopeft npiBOAtiTcn vmm BMicTt ci, nepeBo- 
ffiwb 3Toro noKasafiiif, HacToaiuee m iiapai,ieju>Hoo m^^to, 
EOTopoo Re dtLio jflflt naBliCTHO Bpn cocTaBicBm 03HanoEiio2 CTaiLU, 
BOMBorM'L DyiiETaxi» pasijiTCHaeTi. <5oit>e aoApoiSEOe noKa:niEi§ 
Bi>,pyuon^off. Taia Hanp. Hani) Tenepb uo^ioaiETejiLHo h3B'J>ctuo, 
1T0 pinh B^ Euw<i6^ aminaHOuxfb H^eT'B o KoHCTaBTimo- 
noiumwb Bpo-iHBt, nero euizr 6im yanaTt naBtpao hst* 
TOMHaro oBHcania m> 9ToS pyKoimcff, TenopL Bcuesaci^ TaKse 

BCflKaii BOSMOjKHOCTB COMHtSaTLCJI Bli TOJKeCTBii HUeHH PayCTi 
lil» -BTOfl pyKOMCH CL HMeHeMl* Pj/CS, Ho CaMUfl OaBEUM 
nyUKTB, B^ KOTOpOM'B OXpflBOKt Z^% SoAOmbtXh Affimh (Jh- 

BacTi* HaM-L nojieaeHi, 9to orapuTie hmoeh rpeiccKaro ropoAa, 
BHtBHiaf cfleuiajiHoe BaaHaHeHie BocttpeEHTcTBOuaTB HaEaAO- 
mKWh PycCKiii'b la Bfi^aHTiro. Bt napnmKofi pyttOMea 9To 
mui riiacBT'L MaciR h npe;i,jraraeMoo mhoio bi» HOMiHyTOH 

CTaiBli TOJEOBaRiej ITO pt^B H,T;eT^ O KaKOM-b HH(SjAB yiipt- 



«'') Prairies d'or^ T. 11, p, 317. 

Eie H3xaTeuiH nnEnyrb b% nepeBOj^i: MosniU, Wh pysHiuiCH KumaS^ am'man- 
6uts: Mad a ilih Mftei/f. 

") Orb HaaaxeHi/i sa BH3ABTii>. 

**) HeHiAafiHoe cBH^ttxejc^CTBO Macy^a h t, ji„ vh sypusut M. 11> II: 



— 19 — 



oeiiHOi^ ropo;tt b^ Bojirapm=3f/o«ii, racKoii»EO He y^o- 
•juieTDOpffiJo mm caiaro. ^TBHie xe Mama njiH Mnma CEaqasa 
jmmMo lenn aa nmm* o ropoA* MomnofiMth (MosyiiopolL^) 
TO Bo.irapin, itOTopirt no oinrr^aEi© uraaHTificKirrB nncaTe- 
leA xajxeflii dH.ii> miiOAHTinH wh miAA'cnt c^ Tpaiii^efi 
[Tpia,iEiieft) ^^'), Ho BCKOpt imMtTMii a BecocTOjTTeu>iH)CTi. 

[)ro npepoJioaceHiJi. H<Io H3* ejfOBi> JlaeyAw bt* o(>oiixi> na- 
pajLi€,iT.HHX^ Mtcraxi nam bhaho. hto owh mwtM% Bocijiop^ 
fifiQiepiicsiii (Kep^eHcKifi npo.iHBii) aa^a*ioii^ pynaBa Eye- 
vaarimff, 3ajia;^aj} nun ^epHaro lopn o Bootfiop^ BpaKiicKiB 
IFpoj^oJ»eHieM'B fl ^apAaHe-iLCKifi nporan^ kohmomt^ ero, Cjli- 
lOBatejiMo^ ntfTnocTL, vKb stotb pyKaB'B, no noHiTTiio Ma- 
ryj^f, BuiOAHrb H3^ Mopn MaioTaci h r^^b Haj[OAii^c;i ossa- 
qeHHHfi BHsaHTiilcRifi ropoA'by He Moxer^ Curb Apy^^ ^'^v'l 
TaBpH^t^csifi nojryacTpoB^* Ilocjit nsx% roo(5pa:ReHiI yae ne- 
rpyAflo AoraAaTWSHi kto lyrh HAen* ptui, hu o mzowh Apy- 
roiTE ropOA* KaKi o aHaMeHirroM-B TajipHqecRoii'K Xepcoat, 
^jccKOM'B Kopc.yHl>, TA^TorAa 6mo cpeAOToqio cflomeuiii Pyc- 
CEBTh cii rpeKaiH H Tiepe3'B KOTopufi meji^ njTL ua^ 
PycH Bi BHaaHTli), fa* KoHciaHTEH'B tl>Haocorj)i>, no c^obomi* 
IlaHBOECKaro ero iKHTiji, Haines EBanrcwue h nca.iTHpi», im- 
eaHHUH pyc^^KEKii nHci^MeHaaui ''), rA* neMeHtrfl, bo BpeM 
miiepaTopa KoHCiaHTHHa BarpHHopoAHaro, (!pa.iu TOBapti jh^m 
PycH H ocTaBJiUH CBOHn» 3a.i0EaBK0B^, TA* B,iaAHMip'i* npja- 
Han Kpemeiiie ort BnaaHTiftaeBb a t, a- d t, a» 

B^ apa(JcfiOjn» ate mpHij^Tli Xapcona mtko uotao iipeBpa^ 
THTbca BT* iTfcfw* H-iii MacoHiJby jjCo dynBH :j?|> bo aeAOCMOT- 

*«) Mnrnlt, Chronoprapbie Byzantine, T I. p, 577 (bt> peeCTjyt oniM6o»nTo 

oeiatauo: 517) 686, 588, 599, 620. 

') Ec.iu laxe wqavah ftyjerL ci^MTaTb AamiMiti. &Toro mmiR Boo-oit iic- 
TOpHier:itHM«, fo y«i' o;iRo !i03RiiKH0Beni<? no;to6naro iFpejjaBi/r AocraToiito 
cftHXtTejj.cTitycTi. cymecTSOBaHiH pyccKtfxi. a-TOMenTOTn. bt. Xepcont, no 
xf aAseft Kipi, bo spena cocraBjeHia SHuk a cnie paoLine. 



- 20 — 



py nepenHc^HKa mvyn noipanrt ij^opiy m; on $opMO Ma- 
cana BecLMa uoHJiTeHi* nepeiOAt m^MaciH. H^pHCH (II, 395) 
HaaaBaen* yToi-^ ropoAX Kapcyna, a JlKyrb (I, 307)^ — 
/fa;)aa^H^a^=XepcoHHfla, , ■ 

j[f}'TOWh saK.iio^emH, KOTOpoe Momno bubocth hs^ Ha- 
mero OTpuBua, (Jy;^eM^. roBopHTL raxe, npHO(i^JicH(*Hiii EapaJi- j 
.^eiLHaro Mfera HS'b llapM^CKaFO pynoDHCHaro co^BHedH Ha- 
iiiero aBTOpa. 

(Crp. 130 H 155 — 56), Ti% EmMMmim% y mgm yqe- 
HiJi'L, iipe;i;GTaBHBniHM'B cBOfl TOJiKOBauia EieHH pyccKaro Me- 
Mera lifdana y MacyftH, iMt^y^iT^ Bpi!«5aBiiTr. eme H. C. 
CaBCJO»eBa, KOTopiifi, atji.yii EBtHiiD Opemi, roBopHTi*: <Ma- 
cy/i^H HaauBaerii JIa;ioEaBi» caMUiBi> MHorotmtjieHiiiiiM^ poAOMi> 
PycH MOTomy, Btpojirno, mo npHniicjiaerB iit hbm']^ bc* aoa- 
B^iacTHHH HoBropoj^cKDMy KH1T3R) seiJiH, jaLO uaauBaBiiiiflca 
PycLH) B^ BOJiHTE'iecKoi^. cEHcili** *'"). EfapMya aie npiinH- i 
Maerh MHtnie JleieBejiH, nro noA't sthm'l HMeaeMii Macyj^w ^ 
pa:jyMli.n Jlyimrt* ^'') P&atJop'b bthx'l b ^pyrnx'b oC^acEOEifi 
HMeeif Jly^ana b iipe^tCTaB^ji'B bi> iiohhej Tofi eraTLt bi> 3Kyp- 
iia-nt M. H, n., FA* o(>€.ToiiTe.iiLHo H3,ioMHU yaTpyAHeBiB, 
B03HHEaH>mijf on. dTm% TOJEOBanifi. Hafi;\i*Hiioe ae muoio iio- 
Kaaaaie Macy^K o noxo^i PyccKHX'B ea BnaaHTito AOCTaBHjio 
ROBoe qTenie mom pyccKaro nJOMcan, a HMeimOj bi'Scto ly 
dana c^ BapiaHTaMH lydan e Mydana^ Kaia hm*idto cehc- 
Ka 3ommuxt Aywm^ IlapHECBaa pyKOBHCB BHterH Kydna^ 
na. XoTB ^Teffie dw mito no cefit TaiuEo le otf'tiieMeT'B bo- 
npoca, HO OHO ^ocTaBBJio mh* bo3mo3khoctI) HanaoTK na cit- 
;^H BCTHHHaro, KaKi Ha^tiocbj qTcma, KOTOpae ho Moeiy MHt- 
HiiD ecTL KyiaGaua^ KieBJiane. 



**) MyxaiorexaHCKaJi nyMasMaTaKa ctp. CPXXVn. 

•'**) y KyHHua, BUT T expedition Russe, cip. 14 orx* OTiHcita. 



— 21 — 



(Orp. 140)- Me«xy 22-m^ h 23-1^ OTpuBKaim cjitjiyorfc 
DoitcTHTB eme OABO noKaaaaie Macy^ff, Koropoe a Tcnepii 
TOJitRO BaineJi*: 

^TTMairt ""*) ate umMotm (MyaBin), qrofi'B obi, ornpa- 
BHJT* ero (ACy-^appa ajit-rfl^iapa h3x Cflpiu), k owh (My- 
ma) ornpaReJiT* ero aa BPptfjiiOA* c^ xecTKHMt j^epeBHH- 
mwb ctA-iOM^; npH newb (Ju.io niiTepo CjaBflHi., rnaBicHX^ ero 
WSBA He Ttpvi6u.m bt, Mc^t^hhy**. 

B^ npoAWAyiueiTi Macy;i,H pa3cica:iUBaeT'L, ^to b^ 35 -i% 

ro;ty (-:i:6;>o— 6 no I\ X,) npunnHH HeyAOBOJihCTBiH uycyjh- 

iaHx xajiHil>on yTMaHOlr^ (OrnaHOMT,) yMB03Kti.iHci., g mo 

o;tHoi K3% dTHXi) upuqiiu'b Cuio o(ixox,i,eHi6 dioro xaAii(}»a ct> 

llfy-JI,appo3^^ *''') TH^IapH, oakhh^ H^iii fHOABHSHHKOBx My- 

xaivi^AOBux'^ H oji^aifMii m% caKuxh cTapniurb Hycy.ti^MaEii ^' ). 

CHaqa-ia ACy-Jtapp^, 3a HenpiLiH^Hoe uoBeAeaie b^ upHcyx- 

cTBre xaJHijia, AO^ateu'L Cim y^ajiuTLtui Bb CMpiio, ixt Hpa- 

BBie^eM'b B'b TO BpeHu 6uA% MyaBiJi, 6uBirifi BnoaliACTBiB 

xwH^Kntt. 3aT'bM'b, DO AOHocy cero HocitAHuro o6% arRTauiH 

A<Jy-JI,appa, xa.iJi({»'i> Bejiliji^ BwcjaTb ero oiryAa, qro Mya- 

mM Hcno^HB.ii> BunieoiiHcauEiHvi» xecTOEHi'b oCipaaomi^ TaE'i» 

^TO A(5y-JI,app^ npH(!u.n> bt, Meiirny b^ ('onpoBo^ji,eHiii naTH 

CjaBifH^ BecL HcKavitqeHBuS. 

OqeBHAHOi 'iTO MyaBin uoTOMy a^^it* A(iy-JI,appy cJiaB^B- 
soBBOJt, 4T0 He AOB'bpo'B MycynijiaHaM'b HcnojaeEia ta- 
Mw CTporaro npHKasaHiii HaA^ npHCjHxeHHuii'B npopona, 0(5- 
ctoaiejibcTBo xe, hto Macy^n He fOBOpHTi* o6'h aToll npKE- 



'* Prairies d'or T. IV, p. 266. 

*^} 4*paHuy3CKil HaAaTejb amner^ j*to uma wh csoeMi. uepeBOjt-l: Abou-Derr. 
hAh Bi. Geschichte der Chalifen, T. L p. 169—70, HM*ei-L: Abu-Dsurr, 
penref^ b'j. Lebeu uud Lahro des Mobammad, T. I, p, 368, 454 ert, 
^: Abu-Dzarr, c^ itmi toraarHO Htenie wh apaScEOMi, teacTt Htfn'b- 
ipa, H3J, TopH6epra, t. UI crp. 88—89. 
^ £ro c^MTaDTi* 4*mi* hak 5-mii o6pameuiiiiiiiii iii» uycyJUcaucTBO. 

2 



— 22 — 

Ht, MjmWTh BITyTp^TmITM^ nriI3HaK0M'B /tOCTOBtpHOeTU <|»aKTaj 
HO C'MOTpa Eh TOj ^TO HH TaCapH "'), HH HdHli-a-lIj-ATHp^, "'") 

HO ynoMBHaioTi o cjaBHHCEOMi* eohbo^Ij A(Jj-^appa. Ilep- 
Buft II31. EHXt roBopHTfc jasEe, 'iTO A(5y-/I,iippii ae lo- 
Tt^'B mnrh y MyaBiH hz BepdiioAa, hh ^poatmix^ EpH- 
naroBi,, ho OTDpaBiufH iitmKOM% hsi* ^asiaeEa B!b Me^HBy. J 
npH HacTOJimei'B cocToiHiii HainiTXTi CB'hA'feHifi, y Haci, m 
HM'feeTr'ir rpe;^cTB'L j\m OKOH^aTe-iLnaro ptrafHia, ^i.e noitaaa- 
Hie BtpHte, Macyji^ieBo h.ih TaCapieBO. Ho npifMnafl bobhe- 
Manie BeiHEoe Hero;i.OBaHie, KOTopoe, no eflMorMCHOMy oxauBy 
apadcKHXi* iicTopHKOBT.j o(ixoffiJ^efiie ci A(5y-^appoMi» B036y- 
AEJio B^ MycyiLiiaHCKOMX lipt, Tao ^to oho uysHiio oa- 
heiTj H3X noBOflOBx ^ B03GTam») apoTHBTi xa.iH<jia yxMana, 
n coo(5paaiaffj ^to Mncyfl,i! HM*.n yxe npeAi* coCoio iicTopiw 
Tafiapu, EOTopyio ohi* bhcoeo ritaHTi. "'*) m le OTCTynH^it 
(!u otij HeE, ecT % m Ewbii ;^o(3poKaqecTBeHHiix'b CBHjitTe- . 
aefi — EOEasanie Macy;i,fl cTanoBETCE ^e Hact BecLita Btpo»B 
iiTHUM'B. EciE ace cBH;i;tT6iLCTB0 Macy;i;E B*pBO, to **to oro 
MMOXOABoe ynoMEHaEie o CjiaBEHax^ ni'heT'B oco6oe suaneHie 
;^M Hacx. M(!o est HOKasanifi Bajia^ypH (Beiaaopw) n )lKy- 

(Sh HaM'B E3BiCTE0 EpO CjaBEHT*, JKEBBIHXl* E'LCipiH B% VIII _ 

B'hKt ^''). He HMtE HEEaEBxi> apaScEHX'b yKasaHifl o Bepe- " 
cejieHie CraBEHt b'b CHpiia, a npoAEOJiaraii'B, ito y osEaMcE- 
nuTh EEcaTeieft pint ba^t-b o itxt CjaBEHax'L, KOTopHe^ 
Eo BEsaHTiifcEEis nsB'ficTiEM'i.j HepcxoAHiH E-B ApaCaufB B'bGei 
E 691 roj^ax-b '*'). Hactoam^o me cBEAtte-iiiCTBo Macy;i;Ej 

eOE TOJLEO OHO AOGTOBipHO, AOEaEeT^Bj HW y3ie 3a 1 4 JltTh 



'') y BeiSja, Gesch. der Chalifen, T. I. p, 170, Anm. 

") IbD-al-Athiri Chromcon, T, III p, 89 

' ') Prairies d'or, T. I p. 16 

* ) CKaaaBda Myc. nkc, crp, 37, 63 

**) Tam ae, crp, 4, 40, 65. 



— 23 — 



I 



1^ 

■Ee, 



l^ nepee(ui6Hifi, a nore^uxh paacKasuBaian BHaanTifioriB ipo- 
Horpa4)U, C.iaBAue xujh bi> Cnpiif. liCo ectn ujhcjiow'u MacyAH^ 
losHo 6iuo (^i mRJKiMBTb, ^To Bucu.iKa A(jy-J],appa mi,Csi' 
piji Hutio itcTO rb 35-iix nuy rnAxpH^:^>55— 56 uu P.X.^ 
TO cBHAtTejtCTBa TaCapH h Htfrni-aiL-ATHpa JicHa AOiuiauiia- 
DTfc, ^To 9Ty BHCHiiKy citAjeTi* OTHecTH E% 30-My roAy ruA" 
xpH=^650— 51 no P. X., h ^to 03Ha^ieHiiHfl roA'B y Ma- 
ey^ OTHOcuTCfl He kii BUcujiEt Kail CnpiH, a kx udFuaHiK) 

ij-/I,appa wu Fa(5aAy, o KOTopoi-b roBopMTJ* MacyAU B^ upo- 
Bin CBoero pa;jcKa3a. • 

151 npBH. 1). JI^H oiipe;T;h.feHiH itcTHocTH Xajpaua 
(K^sypaaHa km /I^zyspana) loaserb c^yXHTb noKaaani^ Ma- 
cyAif B-B APF^*'^ Mtfrt, «iTO ofla HfttOAHTca wb ro<?yAap<'TBli 
JI^ypAXHin. (reopriflneei*, rpysHHi,), h uto ptsa Kyp^ fie- 
pfTL TftH^ Ra^rajro^^' ) Cir. Buioe b^ i!pn($aH. ki> TatiapH ii npnii. 
4»paflny3CKHrL H3AaTtue{S Macy,^H ^"), rA* iipHBOAHTCja upeA- 
Dojoseiiifl OeH-MapTbiia, hto cjitAy<?T^ ^Hiatb Xfjj/frri (lUpri), 
n PeHO, ttoTopiifl 3ttAKi'i> B'i> 3T0M'[» HMeHH Xopsent CTpaBoaa. 

(Crp. 167), BMtcTO 10,000 cyAOB^ Mropir y HecTOpa, 

ApHH-L M SoHHpa HUtioTt 15,000, a JUy^npaHA'^-^TOJiKKO 
»6ojite TiiCHUH"; cm. KapaM3HBa, HcTop. Tor. Poc. r. I, upHM. 
34L 

(Crp- ISSfBepxy), Cp, oAHaKo aaM-h^aflie r^iaro DIapsiya B'b 
ApyroiTb itcrt **), TA* OHi* roflopurii: Mas'oudy qui compusa cette 
(jreiniere iditiou de ses Prairies d'or depuis Taniite 332 — 943 d:: 

C. jusqu'au 336 ou Janvier 948 ne pouvait, en raison dt* 
m ^loignement du tli(5atre dc la guerre^ avoir k cetle ('im- 
aucune amtiaissanee de rc'Xp<5dition de Berda'a en 332 
»943 de J. C- 




"» Prairiesjd'or, T. II p. 74. 
»') Tan^ ae, cxp. 444, 
") KuDik, sur rcxp6dition BusBe, (taragi' *l purt; p. 19. 



— 24 — 



(TaMTj 3S0, npaii. 4) ^to no^t BoMudapoMh MacjAH paiy- 
MteT-b AApiaHono.ib upe,i.QO.iaraji> TaKxe jl,occoHi> *"). 

(CTp. 294) & npKnHcuBa.it oTOEecTMeBie BaAairypAOBt, 
HJiH BaAsrapAOB'fc, cl Ma,fi,LflpajiH r. XnojiLcoHy; ho uo€-it sa- 
MtTH-n,, 'iTo BTO yxte (Smo BucKaaaEo h xoponio j^oKS^dmo 
jI,occoHOin» ^''). JlfimjiM cero yiesaro hjhckoilko m ociatfjiemi 
BospaxeoijoiE 3. Racc^JiH ^0- 

(Cip. 295 Bt upulJaBvieEiai^) Hmh HopmaHHOBi* BCTpt- 
uaeTcH y Ahum Komehhh; cm. m'Iicto upaBeAeiEoe Kpyroi'ii '*') 
H reA^'oaoBHfflt ' ). 

(TaMt ate) it ne HpHBeat bt* AOKasaTejBCTBS SHaKOMcTiia 
ApaCoBt CL HMefleift'b HoBFopo^a rhTh MtcTii, KOTopuji npii- 
BOAflTCJi OpeaoMii ), noTOJiy ito na canoMi* A^h-^* bi> bthiti 
M'^fecTaxt p'fe^L BOBce ue Ejerb otft aioMt ropoA*, RaK'b n ^o- 
Ka3a.ri, He/i.aBHo b^ €Tant: <HeH3AaiiEcecBiAtTeJO»cTB0 Ma- 
cyfl,a H T. A.> 

TeBepL fl cooCmy b-b pyccKOM'b nepeBO;!^* HtcEOJiBEo oTpiiD- 
kob'b ESt pyfiOMCHaro coMEHeEiB Macy^H ^o;^1» sarjiaBieMii 
KunmGd (mi-fminGuxh eoAb-mit^afph (KHira BoadyxjteBiH bhh- 
MaaiB E yHtui,afliB)^ xpaHamaroca wh IlapEacKafl nyCiE^Hofl 

6E<Jjli0T0Et, 

L „^Ito """) KacaeTCfl ctBepBoS lacTH cBtTa '"), x. e. 
rhx'L [iuoAefi], ROTopue EMtoT'L coiiBae jtajieKO ote CBoero 36- 
HHTa^ H EOTopue jrjyCiMiDTCfl A^^KO sa [ctBep*]^], '^'') Ran^ 



*") Peuplesdu Caucase. p, 259. 
*^; Peuples duCaucase, p 257—259. 
*') Magyarisclie Altertlillmer, Beriin 1848, p. 150—61. 
*") For&chimgen in die aelt. Ge^cliicbte Russlandg, p. 214, 
* ) Hacji'MoBanlji o BapajccKOMi. B^^upoct, CTp. 13. 
^") JbD-Foszlan, p. 46—47. 

***) Kamatiu fjm-manf*iixr,^ }^ [H}1 du Supplement arabe IlapESCKOil uyfjiH^- 
Boft 606llOTeKR (M 337 Bib. St. Germain), xvLCiu 16—17. 
'') EyKB&UiHo: ctoepBoft iCTBepru |3eHjui). 
^^) Ciofto 0mep6 BeAQCT&erb vh pjEonHCH. 



— 25 — 



TO CUaBinie, R<|ipaHima (*&paHKH) h roct.i^Hie ct> ithuh napa- 
jiHf TO^ no npHHHB'b yAajieHHOcTH comna oTh hitx^, ero roc- 
noACTBO RG3Haqsrrej!hH0, liDceiy XQ.^oj^^ h lOKpora rsajth no- 
peBtct Bi Hx^ KpaHTb, noiTBH^rFfb y hk^ crbrR h jieA'B, 
CTM» HesHa^irreJLHa y hhi^ rrpinitcb xapu **). Hxt rhja 
H^mn BeJiireH; htb HarypH — cyxs; iccb xapamepH — xecTKH; 
Vm noMTia — ryirH; wx% aasKH— rffxejiti; htr ixBtrs — 
^ipeaBinatHO (Sti'b, TaKT» ^to nepeme-i'b ote (Jt-wsmj bt» cr- 
I H6By: Hx^ KOKH— tofkh; Hx^ Mflro^TOJCTo; Hxt rjiasa cra^iH 
k TOKxe f.TOif, TBK^ ^To He OT.TiHiawTCH OTh uBtia [jTm^a]; wxx 
^kojioea — rycTH w pnmH no npHinrat irpeotfja,namir KOKpurK 
H][apoB^. Bt hxi» OTtHinrK He dmaerb TBepjtocTO no npn^n- 
' rt nfeoizfiAVLmK loxojta ir HeAOCTaTKa lenjOTn. Totb h3t> 
aixB, KOTopLifi yT.TyfJjjfercfl bt. cfeBepi^, y Toro npeofi^a- 
jUben ^0 ,...« H cKOTCTBo H uoTOMy y^ajiHeTCJt Bce A^^nieif 
^iMfcffle K^ ctBepy** ^% 
^^^Hla BHj(t.tB, HTo B'B 3oAomuT6 AifioTb Macyj^ii ccRjiaerc^ 

^^^ itCTO, FA* OH'b O^J^HCHnj-L HpHTOHy odpasoBaHiH UBtTa 

H*fiiauHi, wch pyiasaa r pumiix^ BO;rof^ik ^^). O^ieBR^^Ho, qro 
\ mh RaMeKaerL Ha o;i,oo MtcTO hs'b ncipBUXi* caoirx^ coqRie- 
Hit, 0TKy;^a 6m^ saHncTBOBan^ TOJibKO-qTO coo({ineHHHft ot- 
puBOK^, 0(Jt» yji,ajienHOCTii cjraBaHCKRX% CTpart on> rojiHua 
roBOpiTTL raitme HtfparRiri Bacntji^-lIIaxi, H(jH'B-ajiL-Bap;T,H 
B Apyrie HyeyiLnaHcKie nHcaTeiH, ncEasairifl KORxt (Jy^yT^ 

Heo($paHU BO BTOpOM^ TOM'6 10610 ctfopHHSa. 

^ 2. <H3^ ^'^) cTpaHH BypTaci, BiiBDi^flra "iitxa lepnuxii im- 

^m *') ILmi erajra y bmxi pt;(Rii atapRie leMnepaMPHTH, 
^B *•) 3Aicii cjtAyerK cjoho, Koroparo a bc Hori. pa;io5paTi.* 
^B **) lIociijCBe^ Bupamettie irt tckctIj itaateTca mit HciiopHenHUin.; jj nc jtr- 
iaj% iipa6j[i[8iiTeii»HMfi cxucrb ero. 

^*1 Prairiea d'or, T, IT, p* 9; Citaaamir Myc. iihc, crp, 138, 169—70.* 
•*i Uumtiou am'muHStfXfiy A, 42 — 43; De Sacy, Chrest. Arabe, 2 M. T, U 

p. 17— la 



ife^ 



\ 



— 26 -r^ 



CHiTBy KOTopue cocTaBMHVT'B oaiHi JLJ^IIlii ff ApO'l^OI^flH'bfi^ 

niifi MteoBoS TOBap'B ^^) 3th Miixa bubosatca b% Bafii- 

ajL-AdBad'B (JIjepdeH^i), Bap;i,aa h flpyria MtcTa hbi odiacTH 
Xopacana. %cto se hx'l BUBOSflTB b'b crpaHj Xasapi ^^), 
saxiM'b Bi^ CTpaHU M^paE^sfl (^paHEOB'b) h AHAajfyfrb^ nosa 
an ^epEEie h spacHHe wbjn, se irpwLOf^Tb bi CTpasu Ma- 
rpH^a (ctBepo-aanaAHofl A(j)pHKH), noceuy raorie ^yMaDTL, qro 
Mixa 3TI (npoHcxoAAT'b) H3i AHAajiyea h cocb^HEXi cehhitb 
CTpavB II4)paHSAH H OjtaBffH^''. 

3. ^Onucanie ^') i(€wwepwmo Mopn, Komopoe ecmb Bow 
macb. ^eTBeproe Mope BoKKwrb, KOTopoe ecTB Mope Byprap-L- 
Byjirap'B, ^^), PycoBx -) n ApyrHxiB HapoAOBi, npocTHpaerca 
OTB ctBepa, OTB MtcTHOCTH ropoji;a no HMera Jasuna •^), ko- 
TopHfl naxoAHTca 3a KycTaHnraiei. Jl^JiiiHa ero — 1,300 mhil ®*). 
[G% EttWh] coeAHHfleTCfl oaepo (HetfojiBiiiee nope) MaioracB ^^), 
KOToparo fl;j[i[Ha — 300 mhjib h nfflpraa— 100 ihjib. Onona- 
xoAHTCfl Ha ROHifi^ odiTaeMot seimi Ha ciBepi, i ^qacTB ero 
HaxoAHTCH noA'B ctBepnuirb nojioeoHi. Bjihsb Hero naxoAHTCH 
ropoA'B, sa EOTopun h^tb tfoiBme otfHraiHH^, no hmohh 
TyAis 'Y. 

9to MicTO jkXSohhtho vb TOMi OTHomemH, ^To OHO Harjflx- 



'^) 3ji[icL roBopHTCA paanux'b copiaxi dioro Ktxa, h ^xaiiHocTpaBKue 
uapH HocarB iny6u iiai aioro ^epnaro Mixa. 

«") Bi pyKonHCH: aAb-doKuau a.u-XnmpUy tto ^e CacH xonerb ^HratB aj 
Xupxu35; a me nojarax), ^lo BTopuMii cxoBon EonHcn HcnpaBjme'Tb nepBoe, 
HanHcaHHoe mrb oniH6o^H0. Gp. Hiise npau. 62. 

*') Ruma65'am-maH6iijF, Ji. 44. 

***) 3;^'fecb on«TL-TaKn BTopaa ^op^a Hcnpaajwerb uepeyi), hjh ciyxHTi 
eMy o6iacHeHieMi. 

•*'•) Bi pyKonHCH: Pifaed. 

'^) Prairies d'or, T. I p. 260, HanHcaeo: crpana AaduKa um Jathtttsa (ci> 

6yKB0fi ^a^6 Cl TO^KOfi]. 

» *^^) Prairies d'or, laMt se: IJOO jnub. 
^^) Bi pyKODHCH: MoMmaco. 
^'') Bi pysonHCH: ^y4i^. 



— 27 — 



mH*E o<5paaoMi» upeACTaBJi^ierb bck) c({HBHiTB0CTL*B033p'bftJirMa< 
ryj,fl Ha rfeBepo-BocTouHjio EBpony. Eojte Do,i.po(iHoo oimcanie 
Hopflaro MopH HaxoAHi'H b% XITI rjaBt Soaomuo^ Aymoh '"), 

00 Tai^ HaETIi aBT0p1> H3(itra6Tli OAH^KO paSEiJX^ 8A'bl^I{KX^ 

irpoiaxoB^, BitcTO wpor^a las^una Haraero oipuBEa bi* ua- 
paji.iejiBHOM'L vtcrb, Bas'b n yxe aaxtTETB &*& BUHoest, Ha- 
flECHRo: cTpaHa JlaAHBa mh JlaAsinta, qio opannyscEie HSAa- 
TejfE So.iOTui'L Jijcowb o({iircHjno'rL iMeneini ^La7>, noA'i> 
KOTopHi^ OHH (JesroMfltHHO pasyMtorL Ap^BiiiDio KoJiHAy 
uiH nvLCTh en, Hocininyr) y Phmjihh^ h BH3aBTiS^eB^ Hasaa- 
de ^Lazica*, Hoceiiy onpeA^-ieHie a^hhu %pHara Moj>fl, BaKi 
BO BaimraHO b'b 3oJOTfai» lyraiii: on> JlaaiKH aa Bocrofi'b jifi 
EtCTaiiTHiiono-ifl Ha aaua^t, aoboii.ho toiiho. HeBtpHo se 
icairie Macy^H B'b nanreM^ otphbk*, ito oaaa^eHHOe Mopa 
[X'TUpaeTCir ct nmepa otb e*cthocth ropo^a Jlasifita, ko- 
opufl HaxoAHTCiT sa (eapa) KycraHTHHiefl. IIoKaaaHieMacyAii 
(teB, qTo Hope MaioTac^ (A^oBCEoe nope) HaxoAHTca na 
^* o<{HTaeiiofi seufl i toctmi no^^ ctBepHUM nojiocoM'b, 
'upOTHBop'bHHTb ero xe cotfcTBeHHOny yxBepKjieHiw b% odmnm- 
^t raaBt SoMtnuM Ajnoei, 'ito ptaa TanafiHci* (TaHaHCT», 
offL), HMaBaiDman^^ji b^ noMHyToe Mope, Hace-iena no 060- 
t% titiperaM^y aa npoTaseaiH 300 emjib k^l ctsepy ori> Maio- 
EOTOMEaiiH Hct^eta. Biipo^ei-b, kh* secBMa BtpowTHo, 1T0 
liepeiiiic^iBKOM% pyKOHHCH MacyJ^a irponymeHo sj^ta 110 mxo- 
lorpy OAH)' H,iji HtcKc^uKo cTpoKx, v^h ptuL rajia MOpll 
VijMH (BaJTificKoe nope), raKi* ito Ha^HHan ott* c.iobti: ^Oho 
s:oAHTCii Ha kohaIj h t. ;i,.**, Br.e othochtcji E^ axoaiy Mopio, 
, B6 Wh MopM) MaioTaci.. IlCo ropoA'BjO KOTopom^ roBopHTca 3ji;tci», 
ITO OHi» HaxoAHTCJi Ha KOHEit o(iHTaeMofi aoMJif, ecTL Ty.uH^ 
lule cpe^EHx^ BtKOBii (CaaHAHHaBk), a ho EyAm^ mK% 



*•) Prftiries d'or, T. ! p. 260—262. 



— 28 — 



EitoTL IlapwECKaR pyKOBHcii, m^'b wh dTdWh jierKo ytf'i^^HTbca 
fipaBHHBiVH name iiicTO CT* noEaaameMij A.lL-IiIfHJ^H b-l Boji, 
CjOBapi JlKjTa (I, 500,895). 9to noKaaaHie, npeHMyme- 

CTBeSHO BO BTOpOMT* Midi, C.IOBO B^ CJOBO COnaCHO CI. Ba- 

muwh OTpHBKOMi» iT3T» MacyAH. IIoceHy ecjiH toilko o;iHaqeH- J 
hmK Ajl-Ehhah TOiKAecTBeHT* ct 3HaMe^IITLIM^ apa()CKHMT> ^is- " 
jocoiI)OM'L H llepeBOA^Bltoll^ HTOioieeBofi reorpailiiHj H^Bto* 

HMM-B mXh UpOaBaHioM'L A.1I>-KHH;^H, TO H© M0:R«TI» 6uTh COM- 

Htma BT* TOMT), iiTo J Hero to MacyjH h saHMciBOBaJtii na- 
CToini^ee cKaaaaie. Ecik mo OKaxeTca mto Ajl-Kehah qtotl 

HO CCTB H3BljCTflMfi (I»niOCOl|i'L, a J^pyiOfi n03JI,HMlliJ}, TO opnAeTCiT 

AOnycTHTb, mto He Macy^^^H y Hero, a oh^ aaimcTBOBajii y Ma- 
cyAH, *iTO HH^jero He nepeMtHEerij m cyn^HocTi! ji%ivl. A TaK's 
Katti* B'B HOBaaaHiH kjih-JivrnjiE y llKyTa roBopuTCH npo Mopc 
Tyjiia, to h TOitAecTBeeHUfl cjioea Macy;^H oTHOcaTca k% ^Touy 
X6 lopiOy a He wh Mopio MaioTacL. Op, en^e cEasaHHoe nhob3 J 
BiiJEo, B'B upHdaB. K^ H(jH7>-Xop,T,aA<5e, KMoio cTaTRio mxb 3ar.m- 
BieM'b: ^KieB-B, KieBMne HCKan^^iiHaBiaBB apaiicKoS .iHTepaTypt** . 

4* ^Mem;Ty ^"') (JoJILBIHSIH H HaBtCTHUMH p'feEaMH, H3.1H- 

BaJomHMHCK B'B 9T0 Mope ^'), HaxoAHTGH BejHKajT ptKa Ta- 
HOHCh ^') fla ctBept. IIo (teperaji'B m eaxo^^iTCJi XMJiH^a 
CjiaBflH'B H xpyrHX^ eapo^^OBii, yrjiy<jiirioinEiCH B'B ctBopt, 
Hs^ (JoiBHTHX^ p'hK'B ^"') mih iM.K% ^^Viix Pima u Eiuma ' ')"> 



"*) 3to Micro 6mjo cooOhl^ho yaie ;1,(jccohomi i\% »|ipauny:iCKOMT* nepeio- 
a'Ii> OTityjta Ji aaitMCTBOBiu^ ero m. MoewTi cfiopHiirh (crp. 140 — 41'; rij^kcb 
fl I&B 6ojte To^iHuii nepeiioAf. €t» apaficEaro opHrwnaja, naxoAainarocji Ha 
45 Jticrt napHaicKoft pyKODHcu. 

'") rt^fc y Macy;^! H^ieiTj o wopi BoHracT*. 

") Bb pyKoaHCM nauHrano: Tngnm:^^ qro hc OTMtqeHO y ^occoHa; ni* 
.Hojnfiibtxi j^ittxd 3T0 itjuii nMfflercjr TaHH^ain {t, I, crp, 204 ii 260). 

•") BnajtoJCtiUHXT. bi> lojce cawoe Mope. 

' ) y J^occoea nepaoe an a EJiinueauo fwnw. do Tpetwi fiyuBa bt. pyKOnHcii 
H6 HMtert paajHtHTejBttHxi* ro^eit^ h MOaerb, Gili;(OBaTefcao, Cmrh n w. n 
m n T, A- 



I 

I 



^TO MJi Ofla Hiterb u no cjaB^HCEH. Oha Conmixn ptaa, 
nlDQ^as 6onme rpoxB ami h^ uiupsHy, h HaxoAHTCH (nt- 
cEa»Bo) Afl^fi ii^TH 3a KycTaHTufliefi. Ho Hel HaxoAfltcji ma- 
jflnia BaiAZHffB h Mopana iia^ Gj[aBflEi». Maorie nwi Bjp- 
rapi» SHIH laEse no aeli bo Bpeia apBHJiTiji hih xpncTiati- 
cTBa. yiBepsAawTB, mto orb eero ^^) CeperE Ha^iaJio ptea 
BapaK^ *0j t* ^* P*Ka Dlama", 

IIoAo(5Hoe onHcaaie p*kh TaHancL HaxoAHTca, KaK^B mh bh- 
JCSM Bume, Bi XIII rjiaB* Sommuxn Aiftom. Ham^ OTpii- 
BOK^ AOKasHBaeTR, ^to no^t lOTOHKaiH fl$eTa b^ noc^tjt- 
levK MliCTt MacyAH paayMteT^ CJ^aBJH^* Hto doat* wcnop- 
liEHUMH EieHaMH PiiHa (y JI,occoHa: PHxa) h Ba-mia cKpu- 
BWDTa Jl,yiaft H Mopasa — Xopomo BHAti-b ^occoH'b. Hat 
TCKCTa OAHaso bhaho, ^to MacyAK cnHTaai* o6i ftm aa oa- 
Bj; BtpoflTHO noToiy, ^ito Mopasa ecTi. npaxoK^ JlyHaji h 
cjiyxHTB KaifB (Jh npOAO-iateHierij noatAunro. /l,OBOJifcHO .1*0- 
tfoDHTHO saMtianie MacyAn, ^n p'feKa hochtt> bto hma h uo 

CJiaBJlHCKH, XOTfl B^ T0M^ BHA*, RaKX HlUT 9T0 HaUHCaHO B'B 

pyBOBHCH, saMtqame 9T0 ne coBctat^ BipHO, ^Ito HMeneMii 
BaiAZHH'b o(Jo3aanaioTcfl 3a*ci» BoreMiiu (HexH), coctAH Mo- 
paBti (MopaBJiflHt), a ne Htsinu, KaK^ nojiaraert /I,ocf oHt — 
yze (SuJio aaMt^eflo npu oC^HCHaHiu btopo M'i^cTa wh Moeii 
etfopanKt. KaKyio p'My MacjAK HasMBaerb Bapam rpyAflo 
ysHaib. EcjiH bm, Bpn tfyAei'B uBTaib TpK a paayMtiii Te- 
pern, TO coiraeTeiibeoe Bupaseme Haniero aiiopa OTHocme-iLno 
BQaAeaiH btoA ptaa BTiojiHt oohhtho, 045o na caMOM'b A^^'b ona 
BBaAaerb ae b'b ^epaoe, ho e^l KacniScKoe nope. Ho mo- 
xerb 61JTB, ^To bm. />))k cj'feAyB'n* nmwrh Eyn, Bythj ko- 



^ *) TapaK-b lUJ! Byri»? A<*ccoa 1, ae npimoAttTi DToro irpewo«eiuJ!» 




— 30 — 

TOptlfi A*ftCTBHTeif»HO BmjlflWh Wh ^epnOG MOpe, Bo BCilKOMT* 
CJiyTJat, MHli TH^H^ntCTHO, ^TO dW 3a ropD^T* H^IB ntCTHOCTl. 

UlaiUT, (ii:iw A.ibraaniT.), no KOTopoiy 6umi nauBana osFianeii- 
Hafl piM, e6o, KpoM'fe if3BicTHaro ropo;ia UIjim'B wb Masa- 
panniirp'fe (TpaHcoKdaHt), mh* EEvjifk m BfTptqajfOct Tnaoe 

5. ^Tperiil ^*) nayo^'B cocraBJiJiwrL lOiaEiilnH (ApeBHio 
rpoKH), Pyi'E (PflMMHe H BnaaHiifinH), C.iaBjm«, H^lipaf^Ea 

(ttpailKM) K COCtjiflm C7> HHME fiapOAHOGTH Iia ctBepi, Y HTHXt 

Kapo.^OB'B 6ui'h o;^HHT» odmifi aauK'B Ji oahbtj napB^. 

KaKi BiiAHo Hat 'aroro KpaiKaro DOKaaania, omaAa^ie Moe, 
ua ocHOBaHJH o^HoB uHtaTU y Peuo, iiauTn 3A'ioi> iio;i;po(3HaeTH 
asHBax'L, BtpoBaninxii h itcTHocTflX^, o(!HTaeiiwxT* napoA- 
HOCTflMH, eocTaBJurwmHMH TpeTiii ApeKfiifi Hapo^'h no Macy^H '^) 
He OTipaBjT;a.ioch. Ho h 3to KpaiKoe HSBicTie, hto FpeKH, Phm- 
MHe, CiaBMe h OpanBH (EflponeftriH btj o^mei-B caiucj!*) 
HM'tJH KorAa-To 0AHiii> o6nyi! nmKi* h i^ocTaBJiflJiH oaho ro- 
cyAapcTBo, BecLiwa HHTOj>ecHo wh tomti oTHonremH, wo oho Har- 
jiflABHMii o(5pa30MTi EpcACTaBjaeT^ Boaaptflie MacyAw na Cia- ' 
bjih'b h (}iBCTaTe.fi>HjjM^ o(fpa30Mi» onpaBAUBacT^ moh Teanc^, 
liTo iiHcaTejh aTOT%, BonpeKif MHtHii) m^Th mqw\% yimuxn 
upeAniecTBeiifliiKOBi»y ho npHaHaBaii) CjiaBJiH'L h TypKOBi* oam- 
HonjoMenHHKaMi!, KcTaTH upHBeAy BA^ci, oTpeBOKT* m% Hameii 

pyKOIlHCH niTTOMI* HapOA't, TypECKHXli HJeHeHaX'B, KOTOpWH 

saKJiiOMaerL bt> ce6t HfiTepecHoe noKaaaiie o Xauapaxx, Bot%_ 

BTOTl OTpMBOKt: 

6. ^Ilarafi ^*'') HapoAi> cofTanjJiiorL njienena Tj^iKa, KaK-L-J 



''■) TaMi. xe, B^ pyitomicii ahcti 53i Citammji myc^ uuc*, crp. HO, we- ^ 
noiBO no Ae Caca. 
^') Csaaaaut ifyc. niic, cxp. 175* 



— 31 — 



* 



TD XaajaAxifl *'*), ryasi,, KaJUian'B, Ta^a3^a3^'^''),X&3ap^— 
ttO TfpftcsH QBE uaaiJBaioTCjt Jlcuph, a mo uepcHACKH: Xam' 
pom "'), T. e. iLieiii BHyrpeHEHTb TypKOB^, ho mmji hi'l 
apa({H30BaH0 h rjiacHn* Xaaap-h— h Apyrin. Y luiTBiiaiiiK'bOAa- 
7. ^IHecTofi "") yarcifi npoiZBTi HSBlvcTeffB ^0A^ BSfeBeMt 
ji<!ada**');3ToycTBepyKaBaj H3-inBaH>inarocji bi» ErBiiexcBoe h Ch- 
piicKoe lope, Ha^ajio ero '^ ") ort nopji Maiomc^ "■^), eaauBaeMaro 
(TaBxe) XasapcKHBi lopei'b '"")• niapHHa ero iipa aa^aat— 

aSOJO A^CIITH HKJL, 3AtCIi HaXOAHTCJI pyMCKlfi (BnaaHTiBcKifl) 
papos'B DOAi, BBieHeM^ Xaprana ^'), KOTOpuft yAepmHBaerB 
iipi!Xo;i;Hinie dmwh lopeii* Kopa(!.iH Kyia^ana ®") (KieB,iBHi.) 
K ApyrHX-B EJieieffB P<^ca, '**''). — Hx^ HaafjBaioT^ raKae / -y- 
et« ^'*), HTo 3Ha^RTL MHOxecTBO. Bt HacToaE^ee Bpewii MHorio 
H3^ Hun. BCTynHJH cylHM^ iiyTeMii bo bc* otfjiacTH PyMa 
(BBsaHTiH), H Byprapt (Byjrape), ^') KOToptifi «ctl cjiaBflii- 



^T B-B pyiEOiiHci: XpMfJotein. 

**) Bi. pjTtoiraci: Tattpmps. 

**) B% pjEOiriCH: Xampam, 

•*) TaMi xe, JtHcri, 8.H. 

•*) Topo^ A(5irxoci» ( AbyJus) m. Matorr A:\iH. y;ijtaa 'lacTi. l>,!.rern(UiTa 
aocRja f rpeKofii> n FaiiiifBii uaaBaiiii* AGN,i«^cKori (Abidu sieua, Fuuciig 
Abydeuiie); cm. eine Hj^mch (II, 135, i81) ti A6yib*|iejiy ((^paH. oopcB> li, 
41. 316). 

••) Do Bceny beaho, hto orcnia p^Hh oti«>chtcji kt, KoBCTaflTunowaAE- 
cKOMy pysasy. 

**j Bt. pTKonHCB: Mammntr,^ BOCLna oGiiitflOBeunufr napuHTit, 

•") y Ma(!yAw Hnt BejtaiiliCTHo eme mIicto, r;(i ^epuoe iun AooBCKoe mo 
pe HaaiDiajioc]) 0u KanapcKHM'b. 

•*) ftb pyioiracE: Mann: n, 3ojotuk^ jyratii Macam. 

**) Brb pyiomicH: K^*}ttxmMn. 

•*) Bi pyioiTHCHi /*tfyf5, 

**'( H ^mtaio BTi pyiOBHCu; Ajh-F^ein bm. Apyein, 

"') IIojaraE), hto cJiAyjomiji npeAJOiKeBiff naAo^Juo uouflMari. lasi., *ito 
£y4rape a He^eiitia >^a(rri»08a4H in pyccKoiiT* noxojit. 



_ 32 — 

Epff Hx^ iioMoinH MHoriH m^ KptuocTefl Kx% {Bmn,ETVm\mi^)j 
n\mMurtmmi[]\\u i:t> ^^upificKoB FpaHm^t, ooA^iHMff relit F»yp,Jr,- 
atarb (^paficKHX'L liyjrap^),— e jpyrHxii HapOAOBx ^*), na- 
BOAHiUHx^ Ha HHii (BnaaHTifineBi*) cipaxTi w OKpymamiiiEX^ 
HXi* roeyjsiapCTBo", 

9to 'Macy^ieBo noKaaame (!hio pascMOTptno ne^aBHo mho© 
Wh BinneynoMOTyTOfi cTarbi: „HeH3,i;aHT!oe CBHA*Tai>CTBO Ma- 
cy^H mxojifk PyccKO'L la D^aperpaAt", Ky^a m oTcioai 
^HTaTeM. HafijteHHoe xe mhqd nocrt cocTaBieHiu oanaHCHHoS ' 
CTaTiii! i[apaji,iejf.ioe mIicto bi. 3ojmmhix7> Ajfiaxh ;i,a,io mhIi 
BosMoaEOCTC .lysine HOMMair. HtaoTopiiie nynKTM b^ nameMi. 
noKa-aamu, Ha Koropue (Jmd yme yEaaano Buine. 

IIpH(JaBJi> eine sAict, qio to o<5cTOHTeiruTBO, nio b'l ^X" 
mwh H TOMi. ;k0 onHcaiiii KoHCTaHTHionojibCEaro pyiiaBajFA* 
pt^b HA^TTi pyMCKOMt rDpox*, cjiyKHBiiieMi. oiaoTOM^ upo- 

TJTBI* PycCKBXTi, B-L OJI^HOIfb CO'IffHeHllT Macy^H, EHCaEHOMT* B'b 

iO-XT* roAaxi» X stKa (B^ 3oMmuxn jiyiax^)^ m yHOMM- 
naeicH eii^e o noxoj^'b PyccKHXt na BeaaiTifo, a b^ ApyroMi» 
ero cDiHH<^Hie, cociaBJioHBOMit B-E 50-1^ roAaxi> Toro aco ctoHtih 
(b^ IlapHscKOft pyKoiJHCH),aBTop'b yate roBOpHT'LO pyccKOM'BHa- 
iBecTBiH— aro otfcTOflTejLCTBOj roBopio, ciyrnHn* eme OAHffMt 
AOBO^OM'B Bt uoJL3y BUCEa3aHHaro MHOiO npe;^BOviomeHiji, qjo 
B% sToiii onHcanij! Macy;i;H ffaifeT* Bir BE^y HropeBU eoxoji^h. 

OTjltltllO B3JITIilfl, ^OBOJ^ BTOTT. H0 HM'kT'&j KOHB^IHO, 6o.lh- 

moft miiu^ H(Jo CBHAtTOJECTBa HCTOUHHKa, OTKy,^a MacyAfij 
3aHMCTB0Ba-i^ noKasaHie a pyccKoi'L ooxoa*, mot.io oteocets- 
cfl H EO BpeMeHH Oiera, ho CTaJio H3B'hcTHIlm^ nanieiy aB- 
Topy JiMniL no cocTaBJieiiH 3oMmuxz Aj/ioeh, Ho wh cBaaii 



^'^) M&t> Kaseicji, tto otcdxa nauvnaeTCii trpo;(OJiseaie nocci ciosa Pifca, 



— sa- 



cs Apyrnn AOsaaaTejibcrBaHi!^ npraeAeflBHiff b'b ynoirDnyfei 
cTftTbt MoeS, H 3TorL jifiho^h uoJij^aeTO HtKOTopoe 3HaMeme. 

Kb KiiTiLviio. 

(Cfp. ISO) Xaapaiit cm. cEaaamoe imow sAtcb bfjiuo, 

s^ cTp. 75 H 151. 
^(Crp. 181) ^TO EfiTHxift paayiteT^H cEaHcay© rajtiuijo, 
le B-ibaacB, ffiv^djLOi Taaxe BuHCTeHoe-ii.A'B '^) 
CitAyerb eme DpR<5aBHTK, y hto EbthiIh 3aHllcTB0BaJI^ no 

rtcTO (JesHieHHuB apaficKifi KOMMeBTaiop^ IIjiTHKHMsi^ ' ). 

Kt> A-iB-IIcTaxpii, 

rp. 198) Kt> BapiaHTaM'S HMCHe KicBa y apatfcEwx^ 
irejiefi cjt;i.yeTT> oiAe npatJaBHTL JIjAaHa, Jly,ii,aji, My^a- 
{B-b doMTux% .lyraxTi) h KyAsaHa (B'b KumaOh am — man- 
Gux^),^ MacyAB 

BCtxt mviVh BapiaHTaxTi u o MHOria^ ApyrHxii roBo- 
pHTCa Bi> ynoMiTEyTofi cTaiLt: „KieB^, KieBMHe h CKaHj(H- 
HaBifl Bi apa($cKofi iBrepaTvpt'. 

(CTp. 201) ^Ito Apia b ApTaEk He cyib HepML u 
IIepM£&i) KaK'b ooJiaraeTii Peno n sa eemi^ Xbojilcoh'b, dta 
BEAHO H37i OHpeAt^eHiji B3aHMearo paacTOJiiiifl tpex'b pyc- 
tisxxh MeieffB y Haphch (nepeB* 3Eo(Sepa 11, 401), koto- 
pHl aaHMCTBOsajii^ 3To HOKaaaHie y Toro kc caiaro aBTOpa, 
y KOTOparo B3itii> ero HaaxpH; cm, osHaieHiyM} cranio: 
^KieB-L, KieBiiafle h t, a,/, r^i BHCKaaano mhoio TaKOKe 
npeABOJioxeHie, qio BepjiHBCKaji pyaoMCi. KtwmS^ a.^'Atw 



*-) Macrizis Gescbiclite d^r Copten, G5ttmgen 1845^ p. 12. 

**) y n. j(e. .larapjia^ MAteriaiien zur Kritik imd Geacliidite dea Fen- 

euclis, Leipzig. 1867* 



naA^ 6€TB HH.^TO HHoe BaRi nepBona^ajBHiifi TeBcn co^h- 
HemH HtTaxpi. 

(CTp. 297) CMtmeHiH BoJirn cb Kaiofi y ApatfoBi* 
en^e paHLme XBOJiLcoHa BHCKasajicfl Poho b'b nepeBOA^ AdyjiL- 
o^H (n, 293 Wh npHii.)- A Tt^ard du coiirs du volga, 
roBopHTi dTOTb yqenaft, on voit que, pour Ibn-Sayd, le 
veritable Volga est la Kama, et que ce qui est pour 
nous le veritable Volga, n'est qu'un affluent. Cest' i5ga- 
lement Topinion d'Edrisi (H, 332, 336, 403) et d'Ales- 
takhi7 (p. 95). 

Ki3 A.iB-MyTaHa5oii. 

(Grp. 208) 06*1 ajmHrepai^m b% apadcEOM'B ASiiKt cm. en^e 
npHMtTOHie j^epandypra **). 

Ki» HHfiife-XayKa^io. 

(Grp. 2 1 5 npHM. 3) OTHOCHTejiLHO KoAaMu cjitAyeTi sdMi- 
Twrhf ^TO MacyAH ^^) ynoimaeTB, KpoM'b Eumu nodanieu, 
en^e HCTopH^ecEoe co^EHenie eoa'b sarjaBieMi KumaGh 3avp% 
ap-pa&u, KHHra Becennie vmmu. 

(CTp. 298 wh npntfaB.) %o HejBsa eme (JesyaoBHO yr- 
BepsA^TB, BMicT'b CB T. Xbojbcohom'b, ^to noEasame En- 
Tatfi ajLB-amsajiB (HcTaipH h H^H'B-XayKajifl) o Hajosenin 
Aam na pyMCRik otfjiacTH OTHOcirrcfl ne ki ByirapairB, ho 
Ki PyccaM'B ^')— AOKasHBaerB TaKae cj-lAyio^©© MtcTo hs'b 
MacyAH ^'): ^Byjirape cocTaBJiaiorB BefflKifi, MorymecTBeHHufi 
H xpatfpnfi napoA'B, BoropHfi noA^HUTB cet^t set cocbAHie 



•*») Praires d'or, T. I p, 399. 
•*) Tam ate, cTp. 17. 

") Prairies do'r, T. H p. 17—18. 



— 86 — 

c^ iTFMt Bapo;(H. 0^,irat> Bca;i,iiHKi» b3^ Bj Jirapi, npHTfjTBimirt 
HaajTB BiricTtc^ uapeju^CBOFm b'^0 J<5iiBaeT^ 1 00 — 200 BcaAHH- 

S0B1»H31»HeBtpHIIXl>. iKHTeJH KyCTaRTHEU SaiUITD^eaU Wh KH- 

cToamee Bpeifl on Byjirapt, fijiaroAapii jramb cbohmii yKptn- 
jieoHiiVB erlnan. To^ho Tasse set Hapo^u aTaro Kp&H aa- 
laiimaioTeir orb mm Kp'Imoa'irnH ir jTrptn^eBiflMR.** Bm aro 
BBOJiE'b c^rjiaeyeTCff cii oaBa^easfii'b noKaaafiieii'L Kumaffz uA^r- 
HUiKcuh (HcraxpH h Mfia^-XayKajit). A nm uauii y Ma- 
c\xu HanecTifl dto 6e3i» confltHiff othochtck k^ llj.irapEiM^, 
j» Btpo^THo, HTO E y ApyrHxt ynoMiiHpiiXT» reorpa^JioBt oho 
locHTca m> aroMy aapoAy. 

Him lluub-aB-Ilii,in^i>, 

(Ctp. 242) Ho aaMt^afiiiD A. A. Kynniia, xgrie KnpiJi- 
ja, no CBoeiiy cKaaoiHOMy xapaKTepy, ho lOJKeri. cjiymHTi. 
oiiopofi B-B Bonporti cyiuocTBOBaBiJi pyccKHX'K nHri>M(*m» bt» 
IX BtKt, 3Torb m yHemfi ;jaitt»ia0TL, 'iTo M. H. Opcs- 
oeBCBifi eu^e ue AoaasaJiit, ^to At^i'OBopH Ojtem 6ij.!n imcaBu 
no aaBflflCKH, 

H'K llii fi-K> raiioli. 

(Orp, 25G) CoiiHHeHie yiaro EMcaiuirf mxh sar.iaBieii'L 
AduGh-aAh*Kmnu67> iiaxoAHTCfl bti HapHaincofi nyd.iii'iHoB (!h- 
6jiioTeKt, Sniiplemfnt arfilie Jfe 134S "'^'). 

Kb Iloa-E-^acrli. 

(CTp. 263) CoMH'bHie na c^erB BHpaaEeHia ^Bct lo^ 

ffJU'B,** OTHOCHTCJI III OHO Rt PycayB YtA¥L ByJwapaM^, BU- 

Myc. ojic.j CTp, 145 — i6. 

"**) Journal Asiatique, S6pt.— Oct, 1867, p. 343. 



— 36 — 



CKa3HBaK>rB laKse rr. noro;i,HHT> h ToTBajL^'B^"'). JIoritA' 

BtpoaTHO, HTO MtCTO 3T0 cj^AyeTb nepCBeCTH Clt^^ywiUHllfll* 

ofipasotf'B: f^Xasape BexyrB xopr'b cb HEHii (ByjirapaMn)^ paB- 
HHM'B odpaaoMt PyccM iipuBoafiTt ei ehm'b cbou TOBapa, h 
Bci HapoAH "*^), KoTopMe KHByTi, no o6iEWh 6eperaM^ iio- 
MfljTofi ptKH, BesyTt Kt HHM1, (ByjirapaiT,) TOBapH cboh.** 
(Crp, 264) Uoxh sarajo^HurB ropo^MB na rpaBHut Cjra- 
BffHCKofi cxpaHH MtSffij-^acTa Btpoiirao paayMteTi. Tyjiin o 
KOTopoM'L roBopjiTB Ajl-Kuhah, li6n'h-XQfjij{ji^6% MacyJ^H w 
A^yjiLi|)eAa; cm- yEOiiiHyryio cTanio: KieB^j HieBMiie h CKaH- 
;i,HHaBiM B^ apatfcKofi jEtepaTypt. 

[^■^ (Cip. 268 J npnM. 4) CyjiaflioROBa oliacTL ormn^uh 
no BMAHMOMy (lia(!pHiHHM^ A'kioii'b. Taii^ Hanp, Mdn'b-aH-Ha' 
AHMt wh 0mpucnmj mHSium Bci po^M lopacaHcEoa fiyia- 
THj cTaBHTE Ba HepBefi DiaH'B CyiiafiiaHOBy dyiiary *'*''). 
(Crp. 269 upHM. 1), Cp. no;i;o6Hoe Bupa^eeie: doicaMaa\ 
ea-Mtda KOAOMamyiyM^ ea-aiJidmuMz (oaho co($paHie, cjiobomi» 
H pyiioio) y inepefirepa '"^). 

(TaM^ 3ie) CKaaaEHoe mboid bo 2-m'b npHMtqaiiii! ci-hAyerb 
KcnpaBHTi. b'B TOMt CMUCjit, «iTO ma6u6o, mh. nm.; am6ay, 
Epottt ijEa^jefik epuHh^ ant en* em,e, KaKi* ww/Cs, sHatieHio 
gnarus, solt4\s, iiKlitstriiLS in aliciuo o^^re. fna6u6fh ua- 
BflBCEHxx i^apea roBOpETca laKase y JI^iemEH ^^% 



'***) Bt ciaTbi r. noro;^BHa* <o Bojm€KO& Pyca r, XBOJbconaj* ct]). 
13 u IS. 

*^*) OiOBa apatfciaro te&CTa ea^KfAh mttHtfMn b. npHBHvas b<l neonpe- 

JtiuieHHOMT. CMHCJt; H BC* OHH TaKl, li BCt xt, EOTapMC II T, A, 

'"') Sprengefj Leben und Dbhre des Mohammadj T. 111, p. XCII. 
•***) TaM^ «e, crp. 21 npuM. 1; cp. laK^e eBpeficitoe Bwpaxeaie irv< T 
(o;tna pyica), osaa^aDmee corjiacie. AiiicTBtc o6iiiJiMH ciuaMH. 
^"'0 Cosmograpliie de Dimicliqui, ed. Meliren, p. 261 



— 37 — 



Ki. Ajii-liajvii, 

(Crp. 272—3) dmvh n cBoefl HCTopie HhaIh nprniHCH- 
BMn» cocTEBJieHie KumaGi aAb-aiuKaAh He AjD»*Bajrxji, ho 
H(>B^-Xa)£aJIlo, Ha dTO 3aiit^&6n> UlnpeHrep'L, ^to, ho ero 
ytftaweiriiD (imch meiner Ueberxeugiing), OKaxeTWf, ^to co- 
qMoiie 9T0 cocTasaeHO Atfy-Saft^K'L ajL-BaJtM '"*). K% 
eozutnin, Htieusifi opieHTauincTB m npe^cTaBiHerB HHKa- 

nX'b AOBOXOB'b, KOTOpue ptmHJH 6U dTOn BOHpOCB. 

Ha-B ccHJOKi ate flKyxa bhaho bo nepsHit, mo ^itotb 
HHcaTeii. HiitJi'B npe^^ co(Jo» (JoJiie noJiHHi TeKcrb coq£- 

B^fl HcTaxpH, ^tlTB HS.'^aHHHfl McMepOlTB TeKCTb; BO BTO- 

|ptix%, nro no/ci. co^HHeHieM^ A:ii»-BaJtrH ohi» hhkohiii otfpa- 

zowh H6 pasynleT'L BepMHeEot pyKoiiHCH Kumafh aj^am- 

, icaift, noceMy mil lenepL BtpoaTHO, qxo noatAHM eciL hh- 

Uto HHOe KaKT» DO-THHli ciiHcoK^ co^JHHeHiii HcTaxpH, a H3Aa- 

r^ie Mejijepa — coKpauieiie ero. IIpHtfaBjiio eme, qxo HSBtcTie 

Opena o KHHrt u^mm iieacAy AjiK-Bajixn h HcTaxpi naxo- 

jUiTCJr y flKyia (II, 122), r;^^^ EHira ara HasBana AAh- 

KumaGz aAh-Mymanasaa, mo x^Merh eme tfojite BtpOijT- 

HHMi. 106 npe.pojioseme o 3Ra^eHiH araro HaaBanifr: Chiopnan 

KHuta. Ho oaHaueHHaii ccuMa HKyra yKa3HBacT'b Taua^e, *ito 

Uto duaa Apjrafl EEHra, a He HBBtcTHHJi Eaii* co^Meflia no 

reorpatfiiH* BooC^me xe ab-eehk y apafiesBxx ($iorpa$OB^ e 

($B6jiorpa({)OBX o(h AjiL-Baixn BecBia aanyTamii Easi cbh- 

XtT63i*cTByen> Meaj,y npoqHM'B h to CTpaaHoe otfcTojTejiiiCTBo, 

^To Ha orHOBaHiii sthx^ a<'^otiix% Xauiep^ AtJiaerL hs-b 

Bxaro aBTopa ipH paajiHMiiHH jhijhocth! TaK'L no^i* ^ 2372 

(Lit. der Anil»er l\\ 283—4) roBopHTCJi, hto Ajl-Bioxh 

ZJLTL OKOio 898 ro^a, h Hac^iTUBaeTCi} (no An-HaA^My?) 

43 coCTaBjeHHUxi hut* co^uHeHifi, hs'l KOHi'b 32-oe ecTB 

KOJweHTapifl Kimra A(jy-Jl,xatji>apa ajh-XasHHa, t. a. Bep- 



'"*J Zeiuchrift der deut. morgeal. GeseUsch. 1870, p, 241, 



— 38 — 

jrancKafl pyRonecB uo lEnpeHrepy; iioa'b J^ 2681 (IV, 
510 — 2) roBopHTca, qio 8Tora iwcaTejB ynep^ bi 933 
roAjy H hwmcMeftcn 21 co^HHemfi (no CyiOTn), Ed^ koto- 
ptccb 6ojUi]nafl ^acTB TOSAOCTBema cb co^HHeHiaMH, Ha3BaH- 
HUHH noA^ nepBioTB HOMepon; nox'B J^, 4091 HaKOHeirB 
(Y, 326) cEasaHOy ^to dTorb iiH€aTeju» ecTB wTop'b co^heb- 
Hiii MHMaTarb (Verfasser der Ertlgiirtel)^ BOTopHMt 
nojiBsoBajLHCB XaHAyuarB MycTay(()H h MyKaAAecn.* 

K> A5y-Manc,ypy. 

(Cip, 278—9) Orb (Joji*e Maciaro ynoTpedjiema Boib- 
maro GjOBapa ^KyTa a ^6i]ijiLJLca. bx Tos;i.ecTBi^ Atfy-MaH- 
cypa H AjiB-AarapH. 

Kb A^b-MvKaAAecH. 

(Cip. 280 — 83) MoaeT-B 6utb, qTO uHcaTejB, orB HMera 
KOToparo flKyrB npHBOAHTB HSBtciie 061 ocipoBt PycoBX, ne 
ecTB aBTopi Bepj[HHCKo2 pyKoimcH, ho AtfyjiB-Oa^jiB H^h'b- 
Tarnp-B MyKafl;AecH, KOTopoMi cm. Boi. Cjiob. II, 949 
m, 10, 44, 64 IV, 224, 257 h t. «. 

HaKOHei^'B, K-B qHCJiy 26-h aBTopoBi, cBasaHia KOTopnx'B 

non'biiieHH b^b HoeirB c($opHHK'b, HaAO($HO TonepB npHdaBSTB cii- 

XyK)iii;nrB imcaTejiefi: 

XXVII. CaHAa H()ffB-MycaH(5a (yM. 94 =712—3), no- 

RasanieiffB EOToparo noTOMEax'B ^^era noiBSOBajica no 

BHAMOMy Ta6apH; cm. Binne b'b npndaB. k'b sTOMy nn- 

caTejno h Jl^opna (Melanges Asiatiques VI, 352npi[M.). 

XXVin. H6ffB-ajiB-Apa(JH, HSBtcTnaro apa(5cKaro $mo- 

jora (yM. 845); KOTopHMi no.iB80Bajicfi A^y-Mancyp-B, 

KaK-B BHAHO HB-B BoJi. CjOB. (II, 213, 580, 585 III, 

432, 468—9). flKyrB (III, 405) npHBOflHTB otb ero 

HMeHH, ^TO OuKAOffz 3HaWT'B 6tbAUii HeAOdlfbKh. 



— 39 — 

YYTX. JI^xaftraHH, nHcaTeu ROHqa IX i naqaia X 
Btsa, reorpaj^H^ecKoe co^HHeme KoropoH) 6wlo E3AaH0 
wb GOKpan^emH, HdHi-^aRHxoH'b raiiaAaHHy r^t npn om- 
camE BusaffriE, ptqL Eji,6T:b o GiaBflHcsEX'B otfjiacTflX'b; ch. 
Boa. Cjiob. Hsyra (11, 863). Ho Bcei BtpoaxHOCTH Hcra- 
xpE, Qi^Hi-XaysajiL e Hapece saEHCTBOBaiE y JI^xafiraHH 
cKaaame o paa^'bieHm PyccsEX'B sa TpE ueifeHH ''^'). 

XXX. TaiaAaHE (HtfffB-OaKEXi), sEBmifi b'b nepBofi no- ^ | 

JIOBEH'b X B'bRa E KOTOpOn fl TOJUKO ^TO rOBOpEJTB. 

XXXI. Caa^ia AjiB-OaiiOME, eBpeflcsaro y^enaro e o((pa- 
soBaflflaro vb apa6cK0M*B Ay^'b (yM. 941), KOTopsS vb 
CBoen apatfcKOHi uepoBOA*]^ IlflTEKHflsifl nepe;i;aerB eu 
uyffH (AmseHas'B, kh. BuTin X, 3) cjiOBOifB CaKOMtCa 
(CjaBOTe). 

XXXU. AjB-$apaca, nEcaTeifl X B'bsa e aBTopa reorpa- 
4)necKaro co^EHenifl ^Ehete AOirorB"". On ero EHeEH 
A6yjiB4)e;i,a iipbbo;i;et'b oiipe;i,*JieHie reorpa$H^ecKaro no- 
jioaenw ropo;i,a KieBa **'*)• 

15 Mapra 1871 roxa. 



*®') Cic. 06^0 dTOMi yooicjiHyTyi) cTaT&n: iKieBi, KieBJUHe h t. X'> 
•<>•) G6ographie d'Aboulf., p. 223. 



— 10 — 



H n P 4 B K H: 

riiauHua 1, ci'poKa '22: bm. u, ycm.u hht. n t/cn/hjn 
IK 8. AjwiAeMHK'b A. A KyiiriKL ;ioCTaiJiu^ Mub c.rfeAyK> 
myK) liaM'tiKy: <Ha crp. 8 Mui npiiimcuBaeTcH BarM'Vi 
KOTuparu H HHKorAa He Aepavajcx. [Ila ynoMHiiyTofi cipa- 
HHnt. p'bii' y MCHH HAer'B He u3i\iH;vli HnoroyBaajaemi- 
ru aRa^einiKa, ho o AorimecKOMik iiocjfe^cTBiH era Tpc- 
6oBaHifl]. Mm uctophkji, nesHawmie BocToqHwxi* asHKOBi, 
HyatAaeMCii upeaw^xe scero Bt EOjmoMi» n KpuruqecKH o6- 
pa6oTaHQ0M'B c(5opBiiRli HSBtcTifl BocToietix'B (t* e. apa6- 
CKHX^, apMaacKHXii, CHpiflcBHXT», riepcH;^cKDX'B, eBpefl- 
CKii&i> u rpysiiHCKHX'b) niicarejeii o uapo^ax^L, skhjiuiuxtj 
ua PycB H na cfeBept oxt ^lepnaro h KacniilcRaro mo- 
peft. AjiaHU 611IJIH BKJUOHeHH wh Mofl cuncoK'L uoToiiy, tig 
lacTi* HX't 2KB.ia eu;e b^ XIII Bt-Kb at KpUMy, [Ho h nc 
BHay, EaKiiMt ofipaaouL Ced'b uaBtcrifl o6u uctxi* ec- 
TOueHHMx^L MHOio iiapo^^axi*^ A'Kiiui HCKJiio»feuie toje-ko 
I4« oAHox'b Ajf^aE'L, AocTurHercii ateaaeMoe ynpone- 
Hie reorpatl)iiuecKofl « .>THorpai|>u'iecKoft TepMHHojoriii 
BOCToiBUX'b iiacaTLMert. McHv^y rfeMi., tojlko bo hm^i ni 
Eoro ynpoHeuiji A. A. li^nnnh '^iuimA% CBoe TpefioBaHiej 
Co6paBie HSB'fecTiu hoctohhuxl uHcatejiefl KaBuas't n 
BflaaHTiE cocTaBHJu 6u coBepiiietfiio ocofiyio 3aAa4y>. 
11 npHM. 7: BM. 3'JU HHT. 340 
20 npM. B2: BE. GPXXYll 'iiir, CLXXYII. 
24 — 32. liJa^QJ^apH oOHsaTcibuoMy iiocpeAnuHecTBy A. A* 
KyBDKa, fl Tu.ibKo-4'io uo.iy4ii-rL oti» Apa l*i«i (Rieu| m 
JIOHAOH'ii BapiaUTM ii% OTpuBifaitii m% humafio amnmn 
6tiXo no APyroMy cuiicity araro co'iiiiiefliM (British Masr 
uoii Add. A* 2H,2TU). XoTH BoofiiJj,e *louAoHciiaii pyKo 
DHCB ropas^o xyjKe ilapHiicciioA; o,j,HaKO capiaHTU iiep 
soft mb 3TBX'b pyiiODUceit bo imoriix'b Htcraxi* cTOiiU 

mUUU B CymeCTBCHBH, 410 A'tjaiOTt HeofixOAHHUMl* JIjUI 



H>It^ 



an) 



— 41 — 

MeHfl e^e pas'L BOSBpaxHTBca rx sthkx ii3BicTuan> Ma- 
cyAH, TTO HaA^DCB A'^aTB B'B CRopoifB BpeneHH. 

Grp. 31. npHM. 83, cxpoKa 2: bm. ruMJiRnn ^m. Pumjihm. 

Orp. 33, CTpoKa 6: ^ht. paayMJbenid ucnancKyHi. 

> > > 8: BM. y Hmo hht. Hfiw y. 

Orp. 34, BTb Hanaji. IIpeAnojoaeme Moe, hto BepjHHCKaa py- 
BonHCB ecTB nepBOHaHajiBHKLd TeEcrB HcTaxpn, a ns^a- 
Hie Mejijepa — ero coKpamenie, fijiHCTaxcjiBHo noATBepat- 
AaeTCfl HSAaHieM'B ^e-Fyie cm. Bibliotheca Geog. Arab, 
pars I, Lug. Bat. 1870. 

Cxp. 34, CTpoKa 5: bm. volga ^ht. Volga. 

> > > 14: BM. Mmd ^ht. E6jid. 

> > > 19: BM. Mm mrr. M6m. 






U *j>parM(*HTt eBpencKaro namipyea hsx cofipaiiiji 

B. (I ro.ieiiHineBa, 

XoTJi yaco iiepBwfl af»n6eKirt nepcEOA^iTi;^ IJuCiiii, Oauds njn Candfn 
a4h*0fiiiiiKmi iwi riepBofr rioaoB. X b.I CFfiieHCKiw ciOBa p03KH K03 no apaficini 
iif*pejiinrrK iL'peai* ^-s^* naniipycii M, « iTecMoipfi m to, *vm » b7» riepiujrv 
rj>e»t©citia, n Bit uepioAT* apaSfKiif, cBpoeui* ni* Eninrfe Cmjo MDora — lo 
IS 7!) roja itn^itTO, oAimKo, iic Cbuo lOBtcTHo bi. yHeHrmij utipt ripo eiipefi- 
civie nHCbMc^HUbie uaiwrtTiiHKJi. nncaHfii*re iia uauHpyct-'). Jreib jierim. xtrit 
TOifT ftii3iijri», ffepjifitcKiff Kfipoii^BCKiii My3Pj| Tipin5ptjni nlKOiupMi* i>par* 
mmxhi eapeilcitiixit nannpycoBit, Bcero 13, Raii ijoiul 10 ya Apt^iiiio-tiBpis^- 
CKcisni, a 3 Ha apaweftcKOM^ fl:iKJHl;> Brn «f*parMeim»i^ no iKKuiaouafiiio fiep* 
.imicKaro yHeiiaro M* UlTefinniiiemepa^), toAep?KaT"B orpbrBKii yt:vh peJiirio:*- 
nuin'h rmmimi^ n njiCTtihixii lopitAirmcKflxi* aKTOBii (nopJrt>iRi*» nncaRiii no- 
apaneOcKn). 

HtcKojiitKifumroAftMti r!o3?ia*aBCTpiffCKifi aprtrf^ptiari* PawHep^K npi<Klpfj 
TBOio 3Ha«4ii[!T3'i^k Kfki.TCKiuio iradBpycoBL 2:ih *baiiH)Ma, a M{!H?,iy bbwii oiuiaa- 
jiiiei. alBOTiii»Mi^ eBpnir^icie, onRT^-TaKti 6o*tbiDeKi lacibio xnryprifiecKaru 



11 raiilim, K. Sandirte PJiyimrnfi* vpvftld Ji*sftbi> arahlea, Jpdoo 1790, p ia2 (X¥lll| U: 
^^^ J-* ^Ul ^J^ n, ey4»xi> la-h i/nnMpjfca). Apyrue «tCTo jiai. KouKtfUTflplii C&aAt» Mils 

1) L6w, BdUA^e z. jOd. AlUTtliwm^kHiirlr. I \*fi]i?ift 1870, p ^>"- Sh in >^«li nr J ii p r in* 



f^coaepacaninj npineMii tckctw apaweftcKin, coAepHvairiiii lopWAW'iecKie AOKy^ 
I MeHTbi, iiMtKJTb Bna^iHTejbHVK) iipnwtcb ipeqecKBX^ cjob^. 9to o5cioflreji>- 
^ CTBo n^aajo rioBOA^ yHeHhiMb, paao^paBiuBM'b Bincide eBpeffcide nannpycbi, 
Ljl. Ka3'atMaHy u J\. P. MwjJepyM, iipeAnojiaraTb npimaA^cHUiocrb oaHaneu- 
[Hhixi. nawaTHMKOB^ cawapHTiiHaM^, Koxopbie nsBfecTHbi o6H.ibnbm'b yrioTpefi- 

leuioii^ 0jjruHH3MOBi»t Ho MHt KazKeTCfl, Tro 310 tipeAnojioaieHie Becbua 
IneBlspoHTiiu, Bii BHji^Y TQFo, ^To Ao CHxt nopi HeHaB'fccTeH'b 110 oamhtj npii- 

rfipx yaoTpe(>jeni8 cawapBTOHaMn eBpcacKHxt necbweHTj. Ci* Apyroe ciopoabi, 
tnacToe ynorped^ieuie ajuniiHaMOB-b ecTecTBenHo oH^HAaxb niieimo b'b ErBarfe, 

VXt AOjrO IipOUB txa.!!! IDKOJbl eBpefiCKHXTj 3J.in(mCT0Bl. 

liepjiHHCKie GBpeiicKie nanHpycbi fibuir HafueHbi BMtcrt ct> apa6cKBMD 
I ADKyMCHTaiwn II BtKa rHAHipbJ djih VIII xpHcriaHCKaro CTOJitTifl; o BtHCfosx'b 
I me naimpycax-b HaAaxejH ae BbiCKasbiBaioxca oxHocHxejibHo Aaxbi, ho cyAfl no 

TOMy oCcxoaxeibcxBy, 4xo SoJibiDRHCXBO naMflxnuKOB-b B^ KOJijieKaiH Pafiuepa 
t ornocHXCfl ki VIII, IX h X BtKaM^, HaAo6BO npeAuoJiai axb, qro h eBpegchie 

iiairHpycbi He nosAnte 3xoro upeMeHH. Mbi nn^Ke yBHAHM^ h Apyroe coofipa- 
i JKeHie, no^eMy Hejibaa hxi> iioABWHyxb 3Ha*iHxejibH0 noaaie. 

Kb OepjTBHCKOMy u BkHCKOMy coSpaaiaM^ opHcoeABHH^acb xenepb a em- 

iiexcKaH KOJjreKuia B. C. rojeHHineBa, b% Koxopofi oBasajca OABH^ aeCojibmol 

<^pa^MeHr^ n3T> 3xbxt> CeacoMntHno ApeBHtHtiiBXT> Bs-b coxpaHnBrnaxca eBpeft- 
^CKBX^ pyKouucefi. Ha iiannpyct •jBxaeMT*: 

^.•^vby VT ^njB -pot n[^a» i*is bn h2 

nmn 18JN 

. - ^ . DlQ]Db [/131 pirM D7 [b2p ^ 

-.^31 nnnn np^^v^.- 

vv:i]pnb na^:o wi 

ftntap v^on]«'?D'» wm ^*?n:i 

HpaBaa cxopowa 3xoro 4>parMeaxa coAepa;Br^ cpeABiofo uacxb meci-E^ 
crpoK'b B3i» onHcaHifl 6orocjiyH{ciria n aiepxBonpHHOiueHia iiepBOCBameuBBKa 
BT* iepycajHMCKOM-b xpamt bi> cawbifl xopHcecxBeuHbiii ajb eBpeeBT> Aent, Aeiib 
upomeuifi rpixoBi*. Hbht, 6orocjryjKeHiH DepBOCBflineunHKa oGcxoflxeJbHO ouh- 
|i5biBaeTCfl B^ Mniiiub, xpaKx. loMa^ fa* cooxBtcxByiomia uameMv oxpbiBKy 
rfecra HaxoAflxca b^ §g 2 — 3 IV oaBbi h § 1 V riaBbi. HepBOHaHajboo 3xy 
<mcxb MHUiubj 4HxajH bo BpcMn Bxopoii MoiHiBbi (Myca*i''b ^), uo sarfeM'bj 
axox^ me hbht* Corocjiy^KeHin noA*b Ha3Baui€Mi> Aeoda (ni^2}f) cjyHtHi'L rmoi 



aus der Samralimg der Papyra« 



imiinHtii, r<H:TfiifDBmie Am4ij\ 

1. /<K;r? 6tHi hc€ (i:omiii VI [ iijtr unvaaa Vill rbKaJ; uro ^o(/a mm- 

2. 9Mamph ta-Kiuuj/^ (na'i. IX B.}; ero Aeoda m cox]iaimjaur., irci 
HeS ytioiiBoaorcii ex XIII iitKi^). 

3. BiUiiuoHCKiui Amda ^*73Dn milij? 110 ueflaatctuiini aBiii[ia> 

4. loxanatu Koiem (uoima IX h.hi tun. X b.): OIH^ ,1D 0C?*7 r6o "OW 
(m. im«aii>Mfe puryajife). 

5. UaD!ijoiiCKafl, ea^iDuai^uiiiiicH c4**BaMii: niVii:i IDOS*). 
ti. Apjia/i BaBifJOMcicaij, uanflaaiouiaiica cjoBaMa: *?)r^K^l 

7. TiRHbH littuHiuacKttn, ija»mimK)ina}icH cioitoM^: pBH*)* 

8. (\ta<>in aJt-0aimMH {Bh X b,); cro .i^yot/a na'iunacriTii: ipv^ ^^1H3 7( 

9. hcHiph IWuh- A6iA*Tayph nm HOm-HIemuamh (no BTopafi hojiot 
X ii*V, en* A^mn inmmmmm: dm'?^ '7»®). 

10. Gixiawiis Bmm,wHCfiiu (X »,); <iio ii^tJ«: ilE?l3*?/l /lilH (uii tal«^' 

IL Meimi4.i(uro 6em KaAonuMoc^ (bi» mmixl X ejH iran, XI H-); ur 
Jiiti^: na pD8 (b^ nt«tmKOMh ti iioji>ck(>mi> pur) aiasii *^). 

12. HcuaucKan ^eroda: CHID D^^J^ il^n^ .iriK"). 

13. /^P«*ttHe•*^patlJ^V3C1aH ^r?of)(/: IDH nm D^lj; J1J315 ilJlH*''). 

14. //crttiifs HGm-Fiatm [m* Xi b.), ero yl«?oeto: ''j?i KCS *?K ^H*") (ifi 
TpnnairScKosn. pirryarfc). 



}) HiitiG**^iTaiifi &i. rcjf. D^^IOip D^;1H:3 ^1^ ^tSlfO f31p Worlin IBfiH, 11, 1—5 

,niii3i:i T\rm^ 

4\ lIpiirtnAUTCK tin. UMeiiii ti^iuivro i^owa ut, ctvt. H^^Hl § ^*9 (Ztia«, Ritti«, p. J01|l^ 

'mfUMs ificTo crp. 15. 

b\ Tajrii *«« trp. 111—25; ofMJTBtTCTB. iiIicto CTp. 24* 

tf)Ca K^^DIl IWO wj„i- Beueuii! 1520, ,i, l*§6— TO, coOToivr. utcfo J. fififl (rturb] 

"iiiarK A miciiii^, u i *t Lutteris^a, l^tikg 1882, p. 46*3— 75» rAt moratT. niicro crp* 478.] 






iy>-i 



16* AftpaoM^ iI6m-3spa {wh rojob. XIII a.); ero Amda:. 23*7 ^^IQK 
E^in (ii% anrnrKOiicHOftrh piiTyiu I;) ''). 

17, ^pcBuc-rliMctiEaii a McmcKan jitf^a: nmiTH^). 
Conocrasjafl naiiii. oTpbiBOKii cb CiioTBtTCTBytomuMB wtcTaMn bo ncfexit 
c^xpaJifBiOMCJi (>Gpa6rimux^ Amdu^ jeri^o ycMOTptTb, ato wa CBojbKO Apyni* 
ipeBuie B3B0AM stoh JHTjpriif ouro^awTCH RnucKanwocTbio ciora h t>6opo- 
roHii pliHri n irocnmHiJuii uoroncii :m aiJCOKHMiT HuipaH^eiiiiiMtt n piAKUMii 
CJoHaiiH (n HU3UB. umadupi^) — uaciojibKo orpbisoKi. B* C roiciinmeBa 
iFi4iiHaeTt:ii ripocrorOK) h r)i):rijiiCKycjBe«HtJcri>K> ptmij xaKK KaitK tojiiKi* 
leyiifi BwpaJKefiinMH '') aecb oxpbinoKii orimmrcn orb i>po3aiinecKoB ptiw, ii 
ruKiiub ofiparioM^ nsri BcrtxT* iuiif>p«)AHhUT> npoH3B€At*Hiii um Bcei'O OiiiHje 
>im> iHi nepBoiia^iaibnoMy BCTo^tiBKy, k^ MHUiirfcTp. Iomu^ KaiiOBoe o6cto«- 
MMBd Momer-b ciyjKBTb yBanaiiit^i^ im ApcBMee npoHcxumAt^Hie imf'TO;iu;aixi 
upoiniBeAeBiM^ napaeufe cl MaTepiaJOMi>, na KOTopowt oiio tiaUHCauo. 

Mw CA^iat^Mt eine oaho ^an [>»iaiiiiu Boi fc yiKe b'i> iperiii paab iip«5jn» 
iraMR uaBToimeTCH oAHoo6pa3ijoe nejeide, a bihcdho, oiBpwTia b% 4*Skho^ilv 
lcBUi> OJiBHpycoBb, coAepHcainHXT. iipoH3»eAeHifl JHiyprwnecKOB iiomm^ 
juierii iiaMi. iiiraBO cAEjaib 3aiuio«ienie o tom'e, hto coHnneaiB raKt^ro 
}oxa cocnmMM wh ry ;*noxy, ecm m HCKJiiOHBTe^bBoe, to bo bchuomi 
i.iy«rai itpeofuaAUKnufse saBarie eBpeficKOR jmaiytuefi (ipatin Bb h]i airrfe* 3ra 
^(icroa-rejbCTBo ^mm uaw^ iwiioq^ Kb noHHiwanito cjitAyiomaro ii^aKTa. R% 
lii-iajt X Bina, a RMenno Bb 912 roAy no P. X., «a JHttspaTypHoe noupiime 
lin^pBbiii Bbjcrymus moioaoS iiBcateib, uoiopoMy cyasAcao 6bijo Majo no 
Ittjy ii«{HM!03AaTti BOCb cipoii yMCTBeuBoii Hia3BH eBpeeBi>j u HutcTo ifc^Kjto- 
iTiTfJiiHO raiMyABHeCKo-6orocJOBCKanj tiaripaBieBin OTKpbixb cbobim% eAUftoBtp- 
iiit. A*>ci*y*iiiKGBC'feiib TorAanumMTj Ky-ibTypBbJMi. c*iH*paM'h* Mbi roBopaifb o 
bniDeyuoiiaiiyTOArii (Madiu aM-^amoMn^ KoTopbiB, oo eABuooacBoiiy OTSbisy 
ScKirx% n MycyibwaHCKHxt DHcarejieB*) Toro speMeHHy Cbui. BacTOJim«M^ 



1) Cm* U%\tl dm Orieota IBI^p CoL 181, i&(L 

2) Laudtibiith, OuLittifistWii Hi*rliii 1857, p, 7, Ae21. 
Si ZutkXj Eitus, p. 101 (rjil; €0vu»T«4Micr ii]iiitii(eM». Kftjtupj). 

I() rp, OTnl«tB^^ Jk/Mrjyf>w (m. ^^I^llj ^tt^^ i^-iUT) y S tic Sai:y» Cliiedt Aralie, 1. 
.^ I, 96a II Jii./Jrrjiijutj ni. j^Jj 4^..^|i crp. 2$, 10—16; ev. M uak, Kotlce siir SumUi, f . 



— fl 



rrpnoSpiooHUTriiiMi} ruooto Kii]HfAji. Mm hiq cocrafUHirn> coAepftuiiiie itepM 
ipy^a ;uoi pe^N^piiaTojMi? — U4*iuinni rriuo iiaefcciiio. 'no nepBoc c(H«tH!iiti^ 
(-•aaaia GMJui)<iitrMBJi^iiti^^^«iJl J^l wLi' {limim ocho^t. noimu; coKpauieiiua 
^jidJl wtX Kh. mmn nm lliumuKa) n cocfoBjo: 00 nepBi«ix*^ iLiii cjoiiapif 
jlpe&Hc*eHi«*ftrKiuti Kojmeii n% xmnutmh tu^mmuimh iiopJUKi, no imnuJiy Kop- 
uefi H ua ufuju'iiitiiK) nxi, ao BTopi»ix%, jnwit uuomxi^ rpaitMaru^iecKiii^ emroii 
<Bipujm)0 ^HCJCiMii 12), if, iii!Kotieui>, it3i> €i»6pafria o6pa3mjBi> opaBHJii.nanu 
a uaiiuiuaxu ejora e tipHanipoB^ npDTnuuitojtmtuaio caouoiM. li% iipe^iiiciaaiu 
xce Kii aroiiy co'iUHeiiiio aBToph o6i!»flciiJier^, 'Ito KaKi* cjioBapi.*»s tok^ d 
rpii«iiarma 11 KUira oGpiouobii, HMtKn-h u tjibio n6jer«*HTb cocrrasJieMfe uaartiHe- 
CKBX^ npi>B3Bext?niJi, Ki* wroMy wo.ioiofi affiopi. npiicoBOKvriiacTi.: noAOfitio 
rorv uaitii HaM4iixbTi!i)c (apa6i*t) paiiCKarihiBaKirK upo OAnoro esBtcntani 
cuoero riFeaTOJifi, 'ito nafijioAenie hml ueopaBuiiiiiaro yiJOTpeCjieuiJi apafictiiiit. 
ciOBi} Ji fsbipaa{{?jihi Kpaitiiis oiop^ajio em h ijo5jah-io ero €t>craBHTK Kimry, 
B3i> KDTOpuH ouH MoFJif 6bi uayinTbCfi iipaeti^LUbiBfii, H^iflimibjuii Bupa;a£eiiiJUi*ia 
( *taJ( Ic 4i (jy^jJ^ v^'j TO^iHO TaKiKe H H oropHajciT, HaOjioAaa Heiipa- 
BHJUioe ynciTpcO*?ciiie ciai^ b oCopoTuBi* pi*^iw uh immmocm%% iipoirsoeAG- 
ajfli% II He;^oeTaTo<iiiyfo BtiBMarejiiiioctb l(% KpacoratiiiBBctiiuuaiiy laflttterriiy 
H&mero Ap^BHart) mhim. 3aMtTiiAnj, sto Caa.i.ja cocraBH-i't cboio nitnuKy tn» 
912 roAY/f. t*, iiccrti 8 xkvh iiocjl; ewcprtt laafeenrkfimaro apaficKaro rbtoimi 
Kirvrn npaaBJiMthix^ BbipaHteriiii l^^t wllT um\ dAJLII ^ ^h^')? ^i%4b- 
^AJoea ^^f:;rM nGub M^hH^ BatrtcTHai'o iio;^i» iipfK^tiatiieirb Ta\mC^^ n Qairb 
Kaasercji B^ipolr^^yll^, %w ero-To CaaAia anien* bt* mxy, Cm, Ta'jaCa Me 
Hitierii riptfAHCjroBiii, KagoBoc oCcTOflTcJiiiCTBO BfepoiiTao imxoAiiTca Ei^-cSfi^ 
CT> BaBrfecrrieM'ti C'j^jww, hto nocit Toro KaiCB A3-3aw«ajiJK'i> yKa»a4i*10oiuH- 
(foKii fffe /f«»i«(f* (lAh-fpacimn^ RBTopb ciiBctrb orh hiio oTKaaaica**). riuceMy 
TO, HTO CaaAia roBopBji, ijpo cocTaBiiiejn KumaSh uAi^-fPacitxaj oin» Morit 
yaHaxt loJbKO orb iipyiHxi*^ na 'iro h yKaaLiaztei ii ubipaJKeiiie CaaAlw: «tio- 
AoCmo TOMy, Kairh Vl^MmAuinufi paacKanbieaiori., ^to ojiHn^ larii rxt? aear- 
itbiHi*, Oin.^ cyAH 00 DTBifb cjoBEM^j yaiiajL aio ae uvh eaworo aiiT<>pa apa- 
B0;iiuiaro batl coumiCBia. 

Eop^jiem., cjoaa CaaAiH MoryrL rriocirTi>cii la^ace Kb oAHOAiy iw b AptJ^ 
]ffeBmuxi» apaCcKHX'K rpaHftiaiHKt>B'b. A rairb KaKb uiiauiatopoMii rpastJuaraHCH 
cmi najsii apaOcKie oBcarejH c^iarajorii xa4B^»a ^Uu u0m* AGHma,m6ay zirrn 






— 6 — 

MoxRMMeAOBa, to bosmohcho TaK7Re npeAHOJioTReHie, qro Ajb-^afiK>iiH 011*111 
Bii BHAy RMCiiiio dTOFo xa.iH4>a, K'h KOTopoNV xopouio HAOTL Bhipa»;eHie odum 

Ha oGoporl; uaiuero uaniipyca HaxoABTCfl ocTaTOKX Tpcx-b cxpoKi, ua- 
nHcaHHbix-b GjtAHbiMH ^lepiiiijaiun iioiiepcr'b jncTa 6o.ibuiHMH, iieSpeaciibiuH 
nHCbMeiiaHH, uoxo»Bun iia grafitti imh iipo6bi nepa. Mbi hxi ^mTaeMi: 

D^JiyO 

_?_ 

nis 

D'^o^ij;^ (' ay\[^ 

EcjiH 3TH cxpoKH cocxaBJDiJii HacTb cBJi.iHaro u'Liaro, to 3to utjoe 
TaKSfic Morjo TOJbKO 6biTb juiTvprnMccKoii iio;}:nen, w \vh cbok) onepcAb uoHierb 
TOJbKO iioATsepAHTb KbimeH.'uoaiciiHbifl couoi)au;eiiiH oTiiocureJbuo xapairrepa 
.iRTepaTypHOU AtflTejbiiocTH eriiiiercKiixh oBpecB i. Bb aiioxy, iipeAuiecTBOBaB- 
myio GaaAin h OTuacTH wh eio BpcMii. 



■% 



1) MajKcri* 6biTL, mto ^to cjioho cjlaycTb miitiitl D*lt3[')j]- 

A. rapKasN. 



IlaiiCHaTaHO iio pacnopfiMfeiiiio HMiiKi'ATOPcKAro PyccKaro ApxcojioruHCCKai^ ()6ii^ecTna. 

CcKpcTapb B, JlpyjicmnHh, 



Tjriiorpa^iMr Hmuep ATOP CKom AKaAeaiiu HayKi*. Bac. Ocxp., 9 jiiih., J|&. 



\ 



A_ TAJPItABII. 



VTItKI'iK.lKIIIK \iy(;.V.ll)\l.\ll'li 




81) 



o.-iiCTEiMiyrr^j>. 

Tnnori*Ati>iH nMiiKPATOPCirofi ak.ukmiii iiwirri. 

Hill*-. 0.;ti»., y .11111., \- \]>. 



li 



HanenaTano no pacnopHweniH) HMnRPATOPCKAro PyccKaro Apxcojioni'iccKaro OomccTBa. 

rcKpoTapi. B. jl^iyjicuHum. 



^ 



YTBepacjieiiie MY<'y.ii>Mairi> ()(?i> yiioMiiiiainii MyxaM- 

ILibiCKaiiiH Ki> uGmctw ncropiii iicmMa ii eio iictohiiiikobii iipoACTaBJifl- 
KiTi, Mpe.'JBbiqaHFibiH nHT('i)iic'i. HI, HHAy pa3ni»ixi> oocroarojbCTBi,, cpa:jy iioce- 
.laioiniix^ Bi> HiiCJiiaoBare.iJix'b vBtixMinocrb bi. n.i()A<>rBnj)H()CTH iix^ TpyAOBT>. 
yKaa;eMX ajhcb iia abu Ha;i;ni.uiiiiH Bb aioMb oTHoiiii^Hiii oocrofixejibCTBa. 
Ko-iiepBbix'by n])n paarMaTpnKaiiiii H():)iiiii;ii()Boiii;i iKMaMa ubi UMi>eMi> A'bJio ch 
C(>6biTieM'b, iipoiiruioAiuHMb ropa;un Ckiwaio KbHawb no Bi)eMeiiH, HbiTi boshhk- 
iiOBeHie jipyrnx'b MOnoTemvrnMecKnx i. ixvniriii. Ho-Biopbjxb, hctohhhkh, or- 
KyAa iiOMopiiHyTbi :ueMeHTbi .MvcyjbMaiicKaro Blii)oy»ieniH, naMb hohth ^) utt- 
jiHKOMT> n.iB-fccTiibi. BoT'b iioMi'My ii(»jii,;}M cMHnirb cjniiiKoMi* C5itiJioK) naAencAy, 
HTO uoAajeiiO to BpeM;i, Kor^a iic.iaMi> b'j» cbocmi coBOKyiiHorTH h bo Bctx'L 
CBOHXi) HacTflX'b 6yA*'Tb BiioJiit pa;rb>i(*iRirb. 

Hto KacacTCH ncTo»niuKOBi> iKvia.Ma, to iKKMlaoBaiiin eBpoiieHCKnxb opien- 
raJHCTOBb, iiponMyiucH'TBcnHo Illnpoiiropa, ;i.o('TaTo4Ho BbiHCHH^iw, hto apa6- 
CKifi iipopoK'b B'b HaMajIi cBoeff Miicciii, Hacn.io no oc/rccTBemibiMi* iipHHnnaMT>, 
<iacTbio h:{1> H(ejiaiii» npuBJiCHb iia cboio (^ropoiiy ;KiiBiiinxi> bi> ApaBiii eBpceBii 
H xpBCiiaiiii, CTOiiJi'i. roparuo Gm'ah' Kb iyAeiicTBy w xi»iicTiancTBy, oSoana- 
saji* CBOH) .laAany oTiiocnTCJibiio od.iaAare.ieii iiiicbMennoii ii on;poBeinioii B'hpbi 
(AhAb-aAb'KumdGh) ropar^Ao cnpoMnlio, wi.Mb oirb aro A'LiaJib Biiocii.AcrBiB. 
KaKii MacTO (IbiBaerb Bb iiOAooiibixi. (M>4aHXi», no Mtph yciihxa ei^o npeA- 



1) H rOBOpiO UOHUiUj llOlOUy MTO KaCUT0.1l>H0 Ap<-HH(>-H3hIH<>('Koii ApUBiil IIOHOIO OHilUai'L 

paarbiiCHeBili ot-l xuMbiipcKiixi*, accHpo-iiaiiii.iniicKHX'L ii Apyi'"^ >> iiiuuiKteii. y iipaocKani .v^e 



— 2()0 — 

upi}iTin B7> MyXcaMMeA'b Boapacra.iH CMLiocrb n /Kejiaiiic :)MaiicnniipoBaTbCii 
0'i"i> oiiCKH uepBoiiaMa-ibiihixi CBOnxt yuHxcjeii, At*p>KaTi>CH CBoeoAute h iieaa- 

BHCHM'Le OTh CBOnX'h HCTOHHUKOBT, Bt nrUOKeiUH <I>aKTOBl, IipOlIIJiarO, H BT, 

OTB'Ii'n, iia KpHTn^ecKiH :^aMii4aiii>i iii)OTHBiniKOBi, oirb cTa.n> jTBcp/KAaTb, hto hxi> 
TpaABuiii noBti)iiLi, iiOAALiLHhi, h tio iioAJiHUiioe OTicpoBenie naxoAHTcn TOjbKo 
y Hero. Caiwo co6oio pariyivrfceTCfl, mto BiiocrtACTBiii TOJiKOBaTCJin Kopaea iioiiijih 
ropasAO Aa.ibiiie no dnmy iianpaB.ioiiiio, n oopasMHKOMt nxi> iioBftcTBOBanifl 
MOJKeT-b cjiy/KHTb (M ('.Ayioiuin pa.JCKa.rh CyA:ui, iii)HBeAonui>iH wh Ta^upih 
Ca'jiaoH (ko 2-h cypt, ct. 100): :iJF>ie .lyxn (iiiaiiTaiihi) noAH>iJiHCb na neoo n 
iiOACJiyma.!iH CectAbi aure^ioB-b o codhniiixb, Ao-i^KCucTBywiunxT, nponcxoAHTb 
Ha aeivLife, KaKi> iianpiiMtp'h o Koininiit (3naMeinni>ix'i> jioAeii) n t. n. IIoACjy- 
mauHoe hmit arn Ayxn iiopeiia.'in upopnnanMflM-b (KahiniaMi>), npBMfeiuHBafl 
Miioro JiHtii, xaKb qro iia naauoe iipaBAiiBoo cjiobo iii)nxoAnJiocb 70 JioacHwxi. 
Bee 3T0 obijio iianiicaiio h paciJi)ocTpannjocb Mcw^iy chinaMH Hapanjfl '). Pa- 
syM'feeTCfl, HTO iipn xaKoii cucmeMib uanonnqecKiH KFinrn iyAecBT* h xpHCTianT. 
CAtjiajiHCb Biio.iirfc OesopedHhiMii aJ" iipaBOBtpiiMxi MycyjibMau-b, h ne wajioe 
KOJH'iecTBO UHxaxb \i:vh Bcxxaro w IIoBaro SaBl.xoBb obi.io ncKaateiio, oSeao- 
SpaaceHO, hjih A^/Ke coBctivrb biiIMbiiiijiciio. 

C'b ApyroH cxopoiii>i iicMb3>i oxpni^axb xoro, hxo bt> Kopaul; h y ero 3K- 
3creroB'b, y apaocnnx'b ncroi)nKOB'b, roorpa'i»OB'b n noJiiirncxopoB-b, HaxoAHXCfl 

MHOrO BtpHblXTi HJIH IIOHXH B'l.piIMX'b CCbLlOKT, Iia fiHO.ieilCKiH KIlHrH, H XaMTj 

Aa«c, FA* CnGjCHCKifl nnxaxi.i oiiiiiuoMiihi, Mbi BCCbMa qacxo MoatCMii yKaaaxb 
^ 'jpHHHHbi n HcxoMUHK-b axux'b oiiiHooKb, KaKTi iiaiipHM'fep'b HCBtpiioe »ixeiiie 
cJoBa, HOB'tpiioe noHHMaiiie iienciiaro Bbii)a>Keni)i, xaK-b mo xyi'x oiiinfiKa CA'fe- 
jiaiuaLhonafich'. OrcioAa BbireKacx-b iieooxoAHMocxb, KorAaHM'teiubiipeA'b C06010 
CHfijCHCKvio nHxaxy y apaucharonMycy.ibMaucHaro iincaxejH, pascMOxptxb ktj 
KaKoif H3T> BbimeyKasaiiiibix'b Kareroj^in oiia (rriiocnxc/i, h ne roponnxbca o6bh- 
iieiiie.M'b B^ oxcyxcxBin h^na fides. Pa-JCMorpfeniio iipimHiib u yKasaiiiio hcxoh- 
iiHKa OAiiOH iioAoSiioii unxaTi»i nocBfiiuena iiacTo/iiiuiH HaMhrna. 

IJb OAHOM'b H3^ iKxMiaiinxb BhiiiyciJOB'b acypiKLia irkMOH.Knx'b opienxajH- 
croBb r.ryciaB'b POiub CTapaercii odbjiciinTb ii:q)e»ieiiie,iipHiiHCbiBaeMoeH6ii'b- 
AGoacow'b iipojxiKy Myxa.MMtM.y -). II.iB'hciie IIoiib-Aooaca rjacn rb: «ripopoK'b 
CKa.'ia.vb: Moo mm wh I\oi)afrF; r.iacnxb laKii, naKb Bb Jaj/pamfh, x. e. My- 
xaMMcdo^ a B'b JlndwuMh oiio ijiacnxb AxM&h^)^). Bb HacxoHiuofi aaiM-fexK'fc 
aaihkiMoi ])a36opoM'b ncpBoii nacxn axoro ii3Btcxi;j, x. e.,4xo hma MyxaMMcdh 



1) SpriMijTfT, liebeu ii Lolire des Mohammad, II, 878 npim. 
^JZDMO., A'LVJ, p. 437-440. 
:i) Xa,ia(iu y llhipcHrepa /, 158. 'N^ 



-201 

3Ha^HTCfi B-k II/niii;iin;i;iH. Peiirb Wh CBue>rii odj.HciKMiiii, iie iiaxo;ui bi> ca- 
MoMii riflTHKiiiiadii HiiKanoii ro'iiui oji()])hi, iipiiiiiiMaerii :ul;('i> cmoro Taypamh 
B^ CMbiCJiI; Berxaro .'?.iBivra. iipoMCMfc oiih ocranaB.iUBai'rcH iia rpexi komOh- 
naniax'i»: laiio TOJKOBiiiiic npii iiomoihh ciiixa nuh iipojioLa Aitoh, Apjroe — 
n.Th iipopoKa ^'(.aiiiiKia, a ipiMM* \\:vh IIca.i.MOB'i> ;I,aBiiAa. V iiepBaro h.tl :)THXi> 
npopoKfua, iiaMTo vKa.'ia.rii ^[(U\ riiri. IIIiipiMii'i'py M, iiaxcanrni ctiix'i>{II, 7): 
«II noTp«cy (iuh: b(mpobo;kv) bcI; iiajxahi, n iij)n,i<'n. aaMat^Mhiii Brt..MU iia- 
pojaMnw n r. ,i., r.it. (M(»B(» JiaAntMbiit no iMipi^ncini :iiia'inTC}i Dlttnist. crmstr. 
ori> n")l3n), (M(»B'», iiMl.ioiure rx(),i.cri',{) ci. ii.m<!Ii*\m'!» MyxaMMtua. Mrorh C'nixi> 
ror.iaciio to-ikvctcm oBpenMii ii xpiicriaiiaMu ,i.oi'MaTnMccK», Kain. yKa;wnie ira 
Mecciio. Jh. ininrt iipopoica ;'l,anin.ia, Kain, vKa.^a.Th rnpiii<i>e.if.Ai» ***), naxo- 
;XnTfH Tpn pa.m iIX, 23. X, 11, ID) iipn.iaranMi.noe Mrufuiubiu, no eBpeiiCKn 
ninan, bi» npHMhnenin ki» caMo.Mv iipt^poKv i)a:jn)BapiiBaK)iiuiM'!. ri) mmh aii- 

IiTj Ilca.iMax'h, iiaiioiiriii.. iiaxcairrcH cnixh (CXVIII, 2i}): (dJ.TarocJio- 
Beiiii rpflAymiii b<» iimji rociKancw, iwl* cooTBlTCTByioincM* cioBy O.imor.ioacuz 
eBi>encHoe "]y)2 Mur.io 6i>i, no Miit.iiiio roma, fihiTh ii(»poBe;ieHo no ai)a6cKB 
ciOBoM'h Mt/jdMMaOd (BocxBa.KMi'ii, BiM'XBa.iJieMMii). II:n, 3thx'Ij Tpexi. 'io.ii;o- 
eaiiifi Peiirb, BiipoMiVMb, <rr,i,a(.'T'i. iipeiiMyiuorrBo in^pBoMy. 

IIpH o.injKafiiiiOM'h paacMoTirhiiin, caiiaKo, ()Ka:n>iBaoic)i, hto hh oaim) ii.Tb 
03naMc'iiiibixi> TOJKOBaiiiii ii(» M(i;Ken> nf>rni joiiyineiio. IlpaB^a, to ooctoh- 
TejbCTBO, »rro BCl; Tpn yKa:iaiiiii»iH I^Oiiiomj* Mhrra B.mrbi lie ii:** "^^ 'thkiiii- 
/liin, a n;rb npopoKOBT>, no Moatorb (MyaciiTb coi)r.e3ni»iMb noapaauMiicML, TaK'b 
KaKT> Mbi HaxoABM'b y apaocKiix'b iiiicaTcion iipiiMtphi paciiponpaiioiiia na- 
3BaniH Inypom?, iia Bccb Borxiii 3aBt,T'b ^). J[ii ii y caMiix i» CBpccBb, y koto- 
pbix'b Mycy.ibsraiio 3anMcrB0BaJin ;)to lULir.aiiio, cmobo ri'^^n (ropa, yMciiie) bt. 
ooiiiHpnoM'b 3iia4(Miin yiioTped.iaeTOi iicnubKo a-I'i odo.nia'ieiiiji Bcoro Iiorxaro 
3aBt»ra, no Aaa^c n pe.inrio3ni>ixii co'iimeiiiii paBBHiioBb ^). IIo m!>i yBBABMii 
HHHce, 4T0 B'b jiaHHOM'b cjiywaf, iiaMii bobcc iit»Ti> iia/V>dnociH orcTviinTb ott> 
o6biK!iOBennaro Go.dse rhciiaio 3iia4enia cioBa lai/pamz, 

FjaBiibic }\\C ne,;ocraTh'0 TOJiiOBaiiin Poiiia c.rluyionuo. Ho-nopBbix'b, bcF; 
xpn iipHBCAennbifl nMb altera coBcbrb iicnpnroAMbi ajm iijxxMaBJKMiin My- 
xaMMe^a. DpaBAa, HroiiepBOCM'tcTO, a Ht>i;oToi)i>iMn KOMMenraTopawn h Tpexbc 



1) Sprcnger, ibid. 1, 150. 

2) Hirschfeld, JttdiscLc F^lemcnto ira Koran, 1878, p. 71. 

3) TaKie DpiiM']bpLi ho;kho iiai'iATii Bi^cTaTbl; Baxcpa in. >KypHa.i1> Joschunin, B. VJIT| 
p. 22, 25 if. 



— 202 — 

M'fecTO, obuo oTiieceiio ut Meccin; iipaB^a TaK>Ke n to, mto H6in>-HcxaK'b *) 
ripnBOAHTT» paacKa.Tb o t()mt>, ^ito niccxb xa:)paAJKHTOBii h3i> Mcahhw npn.iHa.iH 
BT» MyxnMMe^t roro Mecciio, K()Toi)ar() ojKiuajiH nx-b OBpeficKic coio3nnKH. 

OHeiib B()3M()>Kn() raK/KO, mto mohuv 1000 iipoaBaiiiif MyxaMMCAa y no3A- 
H'tHiuHX-b Mvcy.ii.Man'b '-) iiaxoAnroi raU/KC n iiasBauic Mecuxh^ ho Boo6me bt> 
iiepBoe BpoMH HH caM'b MyxaMMe,XT>, hh cro iipnBep/Keiinbi, ne 0T0HtecTB.iHjin 
ero Cb Meccien n cM(»Bo>n> Mcct.rb o6o3ira^iaan Tiicyca Xpncxa, ()TKy;ia npo- 
3Baf!ic ao()'d.ih'M(rM:ih Ain xpiiCTiaimiia. Iv-b aroMy cxfciiye rb iipnoaBHXb, qro 
iipeAiio.ioJKenie Peiiia o Ho.jMO/Kiiocrii nei)eB(aa OBpeiicKaro Kopna "pn apa6- 
CKHM'b j^, 6o.Ttc M'lnM I. iiCB'kponTno, TaK-b Kah'-b iMaroj'b iJ^ nMf.en, Bt apao- 
CKOMT* TO we 3iia»ieHi0j hto ii Bb CBpeiicKoM-b, u BceiMa cjiv/Kur-b bt* iiepcBOAaxi* 
,pn iiopcAaMn iiocJifaH«n>. 4to jkc uacatMCH BToparo M'l»CTa,rxI> yiiorpcojinercH 
npnjiaraTCJbiioc rmv^n ii rmv^n u/''X, to b7> Bn^y topo, «ito oho TaMi ne- 
coMirfenno cocAnncno C7> nMCHCMi> ;I,jniin.ia, ono nuKoinrb o6pa30M'b nc mo/KGti. 
fibiTb npiypoMeiio K-b Apyi omv .iiiuy. 

Bo-BTopbiX'b, Pr^Hi-b ynycKa(*T^ ii3'b BiiAy, mto Bb iipoAaiiin Hoii-b-AO- 
6aca pfcMb iiACT-b o AByxT> iniciiaxb, npoHcxianiunxb or-b canoro n Toro jkc 
Kopun xaMada (IMyxaMMCjb ii AxMoxb) n I'OBopiiTCH no.ioniHrcJbno, mto oaho 
Hr Hnx'b naxoAHTCJi \vh I^erxoMb, a Apyioe bt. IIoBo.Mb 'laB'Ivri,. C.rhAOBa- 
TC.ibHO, cr,in Boooiuc iipnAajUMb 3iiaMiMiie aroMy (•Ka3aniio, iiimhIxoabmo iiaiuTH 
B'b licTxoM'b .SaB'fcrl; *w\)m iiMenii, o.injKc H0Ax<ajfHiyK> ihi ^lyxaMMtuy, MiM-h 
i Kb AxMeAJ', H HOAocTaToMiio yi:a3a'rb boochhc na c.iobo, Bb Koropoe BxoAnrb 
Kopenb xaMado, 

H3'b BccrocKasaHHaro.uM'iioycMOTpIvrb, MTO npoAno.iO/KiMiin Poma HOBbi- 
AcpacHBaio Hi H CHncxoAnrejrbnon KpiirnKH, ii mto a-ih odbncnonia cKa3anin IlSm.- 
A66ara naMi> ncoGxoAnMo noAbicMxMrb do.rko iipaBAOiioAodiioe rojiKOBanie. Ha 
Bonpocb: HMf.ioTb .III Boodnie iipiManin Ildiib-Addaca Kauoc-.Tiido snaMCiiie ii 
CTonrb .in TpyAHTbCfl iiaA'b hxi> odbHciioiiicMb? — kohcmiio, A^.V/KCH-b dbiJi-b 6bi 
HOC.vhAOBaTb yTBe[)AHriMbnMii orbf/rb, raKb Kaic-b irvovh ABOK^poAHbiii dpaTi 
npopoKa HO ciipaBeA^inBorrn cMiiTaiTCH r/nxiiioM-b :^K:jorcrHKn Koi)aHa ii Mycyjb- 
MaHCKoii TpaAiHUH. ITo to odcrojjriMbCTBo, mto TOKcr-b ero KOMMOHTapicBX bt» 
[)a3nbix'b poAaKninx'b njioAc.raB.iHcyrb >hioh;cctbo pa3.iHMiH h Aawc ni)0THBop'fe'!iH, 
H MTO BO BceMi>, MTO icacai^TCH iyA^MicTBa, om> c.n';KiiJi'b Jinnn> orrojiocKOMij 
BccbMa HOA03pHTOJiF>Haro Kaada ii.ib-Axdapa— 3naMnro.'ibHo yMajiHorb aoctohh- 
CTBo npHimcbiBaeMbix-b CMy iipoAaniii. C.Tk.T,yerbTaK;KCiiMtTbBT»BHAy, wo npn 
CMepni MyxaMMCAa Hdnb-Adfiacy dbuo TOJibbo 13 jhn. ii CABa jin oht» Mon> 



JJ Spronger, 77, 52iJ— 524. 
2)ZDMG. 1878, p. 373. 



-203 — 



c:ox|«4HiiTb iip^Aanin pciMrio3«aro xapaivrepa H.Th ycrK canoro Dpopoua, hto 
KpiitiiU0poaaxi> oin>, Koueiuo, 6e3^ bchkoh kphihkb. TaKRMii o6pa30M^ aryjb- 
uoe pimeHie Bunpoca iieBosMOHtno n B^ Ka;KAOMi» HacTrioifB osyqab iieo6xo- 
ABM BpsTRHecKoe nacjtAOBade xix-b naHUbix^b, KoropbiH HiftioTCfi noAi> pf j 
KO10* Mh*^ KaHcercii, hto bi> uacTo»uieMi> ciyqat Mbi Huteu^ Taicia AaHHhiH. 

yme btj XII CTojiriH iBoe HSBfecTHwxi, eepeScKHx-B yqenbix^, AepaoMh 
^Gn^Bjpa a Mouceu MauMonudz, npaBo^arb o6u;e-pacnpocTpaHeHiioc neiKJiy 
fjutanaifR yfitHCAenie, sto bi 17-ofi rsawk KiiHra EbiriA (bi> 20-m^ctbxI>), 
rjit HaxoAHTCfl npopo*iecTBo 06b H3«aiiit, ynoMflHyT^ xaKace h MyxaiiMeA^. 
OFiin»yraTT»rjacHrb: «H ofi-b W3MaHjt a ycjhiiuaji^ re6n (Aapaawa): BOn., 
tf jarocjoBJK) ero, h B03pamy ero, a pa3Mfio?Ky ero ^ecf^Ma oechMa^^, B^nocjrfeAnnr 
AAyxti cioBaxTi eechma eectMu, no eBpeiicKH wa INO (^tfo(?5, Meodf^)^ Mycyjb- 
Mtue EBii^jia yKaaaiiie aa CBoero npopoaa, h noaxoMy ooaoAy H^^-Bapa roBo^^ 
psrb Bi» CBoeui> KuMwen rapiit wa KHary Hcxoatj, ta* (bt* 7-iii> cxaxt I riaBii 
rpe^jieiibi rbme caMbia cjioea ofi-b Hspan^bTnHax'b, cj+Ayiomee: ttTojmyio- 
1x1* HspeHeaie (b'b arrBrk Bbi rifl) u a pojMHOotcff eio eectMa eccbMa aa BiaAbiRy 
rtaiUbTflin* H ytBepatAafomnx'b, nto cjoBa IKO IKlSa no t^Mampiu [cuo- 
cu6if ofiiiflCHeHia ciobti, p:i3CMarpaBafi 6)'^KBbi KaKi* ua4>pbi] ^HCJia hxx 
paBObi HHCjy ero HMenH [iNO TO!3^ naKi. h nana no eBpefiCKB paeHRioTra 
ilCJy 92] — MOJKHO oiipoBepraxb HacToamBMii CTHXOM^, Koxopbia oxBocHxca 
Kh IbpaHJito. jfla B HeB03MO/K!io npeAiiojaraxb, nxo6i> (eBpeficKiM) npopoin> 
BMpa}EajCH ijo i€Mampiu bjh iiaueKaHB^ \). 

Bo BpeMfl MafiMOHHAa [wh 1172 roAy) Mycy^ibMaKOKiB opaBHreab kwena 
"ItttA npHHyasAUTb xaMoainHXT> eBpecBT> ki. iipBHuriio acjawa; Kpowt xoru, 
espeircKUi ooiuBHhi 6mjh cMyiiiaeMbi peueraraMB, crapaBtoBMBCf] yOtwAaxb 

CBl»ltXl> 6b»BUJHX'b CABHOBtpUeBb BT. BCXBHt BCJaua A0Ka3are.!bCTBaMH H3T> CB. 

Iicajiifl, B eBpeacKifi ijaBa »>6paTHjicfl iio amwy moboa}' ki 3HaiieHBxoMy MaBMQ 
HBA.V* Bit CBoew^ oTfi-feTHOMi) nocjaHiB nocjitABiB oijpoBepraen> woBMbic ao- 

BUAM H3X» KH6.!iB, MCMCAy KOHMB AOKaaaXCJlhCTBO B31> CJIOBT> IKB IKQ^ flBIOj 

AiBTCH «a nepBOMT, lurairfe, flpa axoii^ MaBjaonBA'b roBopHxiv, hto peHeraxhl 
aaBMCXBoBujiH ccB AOBOAT' y apaCcKBXi MycyjbMaHt -). Kpowb 03HaieHHbixT> 
cioBi B^ KHHPfe Bbixia, y MaiiMOHifAa raw'b apiiBOABxca cme rpw wtcxa B3ii 
axBKMHHtia, TAfe, no wutBiio MycyjbManTi, noApasyAitBaexca MyxaMweAi 
idiWh H Be 3HaiBXCB ero bmh. CxbAOBaxeJibHO »xb Mtcxa ae antiorb 01 
VLWxn K'b iipeAaaiio II6Bi>-A66aca. 



~- 2()4 — 

TaKH»n> o6pa30M'b H37. CBHAtTejLcrBi> 3Tnx7i eepeflcKHxii aBiopoB^ Mbi 
yanaeMi, mto Mj-cyjbMaiic iiaxoAn.iu hmh MyxawMCAa bt* IlHTHKiiiiHtiH uocpcA- 
CTBOM^ icMampw, t. e. oyHBb-Mncej'L. Bi» iicvuiBHoe ;kc Bpcain crajiH nsBtcTHbi 
iioaoChmm cbHA'fcTejbCTBa caMiixb Mycy.ii,Mairb. TaKb B-b 1873 roAy r. ToJibA- 
aiep'b iKJAa.i'b oTpbiBOK'b ii:ni .leiiAOHCuoii pvKoiiHCH com. ^jjLil ijlj^ HGnh- 
KauuMci adb'JlpKay:uH (yM. \vh iiojoBiiiiy XIV B'tna), rAt aBTop-b niiTyexi 
COM. UOuo-KymeuChi (eiMn arc HUBtcTiihiii iicropnKb, to 3to Becbwa paHiiee 
CBiiA^TejibCTBo, TaK'b KaK'b Olio oTiiocBTCii \vh IX B'l'.Ky), KOToi)OMy oOpamenHbiH 
B-b HCJiaiwi^ OBpeii coo6iiuKri., 4to iipoiirjiiouienie OBi)eiicKHX'b cjOBb ni<l3 INO 
fiyATO BecbMa 6jin3K0 iiOAxoAHTb ki> iipoiKJiioiiieiiiio iiMeiiH MyxaMMeAa, npe- 
hcmTj MSui-Ky'reHua iipiidaB.i«en», 4to iibkio n:n> (•Bi)eHeKnxx yqeabixi* Cvato 
lie coMiitBaeTOi bxtomi, «no ryr-b ynoM^inyn, MyxaMMeA'b. I}i> ApyroMi m'Ij- 
crfe CBoero coHniieiiin riSii'b-K'aiiiiM'b niiiuerb .vh;c on, ceoH, mto yqenbie H3t> 
oOJiaAaTejeH 0TKi)0Benii0H Kiinni(t^LlXlll Jjd) Lie) ueeoiMacHbi MCHuy co6oh bt, 
aTOMT, Boiipoc'fc. llf>K0T0pi>ie n3'b iiHX'b, xoui IT iipHUHMaRrr-b c.ioBa TNI3 Wiaa 

BT> CMblCJlt GCChMa OCCbMU, 0TII(»C«TI. IlXb, OAUaKO, Kb MyxaMMGAy, TaK'b KaKTj 

OHT> caMbifi iipocjiaiueniibiii ikti. iiotomkobt, ll3Man,iti. Apvrie ace BHAflTb B-b 
oaiiaHGHUbix-b cjiOBax'b cawo hm>i Myxa.Miwcua Bb CBpeiicKOM-b iipoH3nomeniB, 
TaKT> KaK'b, iipn6aBj}ierb A.ib-,T,}Kay3i}i, CBpeiicKin H3biK'b BecbMa ojnaoKi ki 
apafiCKOwy. Kt, aTOMy iiocMi.AneMy wntiiiio iipRMiiiKaer-b ii eaM-b aBTopi*, iipH- 
BOAB BCCbMa Kypbe3iioe rpaMMaTimecKoe A0Ka3aT0JibCTBo ^). 

CoBpeMCHHnK'b II6irb-;)3pbi, CHpefi CaMyuAi, JI6nh'A66aco H3'b MapoKKo, 
npHHflBiiiifi HCiaM-b n nanncaBiiiiii n3Bf.CTnoc iio.ieMn*iocKoe co'inHenie npoTHBii 
iyAeiicTBa noA^ 3ai\iaBieM'b :>y^\ ^U*) (oko.io 11(50 r.), MeacAy ApyrHMH ao- 

BOAaWH IipHBOAHTT, TaK/Kl' 11 03Ha»ieiIHblii CTHXl, ILTb KIIBrH BblTiji; HO OH^ Ha- 

xoABTTi A0Ka3are.ibCTR() ri. pancMiCTBt 6yKB0iinbixii MHce.n> ,^THX'b cjioB-b h 
HMCHH MyxaMMCAa. CaMyii.iy B03pa/Kac rb Candh unm- Maury ph IWrn-KaM- 
Myna b^ coMHiieniii olx^^l ^uuj (Bb 1280 r.) iiomtii itMH ;Ke apryMCHTaMH, 

K0T0pF>lC IipHBOAHTCfl y MaBMOIlOAa -). 

OABH-b xpHcriaiiCKin pciierarb H3'b Maiopnn, no bmchii ASda.t.m am- 
TapdMyoHii, iiaimcaBuiiii iiojCMinecKyK) imnry npoTHBi> xpncTiaiiCTBa noA'b 
aarjiaBiewx ^^LJl J^I Ic ^1 ^J c^f:>^l ii^ (Bb 1420 r.), nacHHrbiBaerb 
51 MtcTO B-b ReTxoM-b SaB'fcrh, fa* yiioMHiiacTCB o MyxanMeA'fe, btj tomi 
m/iCJL'h H CTflX'b R3i> KUHrn Ebixifl ^); no bbkhmI) cnocoGoMi) ohii HaxoAurb bi> 



1) JeschuruD, Zeitschrift fQr die Wiss. dcs Jadenthums, IX^ 28—29. 
SJSteinscbneider, Poiemische Literatur. Leipzig, 1877, p. 326—329. 
3)ZDMG. 1S78, p. 375S79; Steinschn., Polemiaclie Lltetiitoii, ij. 34—35. 



^ 



205 



aTOM-b CTHxt HHH MvxaMMCAa, HO cxoACTBy JH 3ByK0Bi, h-b npoHSHoraeniH, 
HJH me no UMampiu — h3t> npnee-ioHHOH unxaThi b-l ZDMG hc bhaho. 

no Bceii BtpoHTiiocTH^ ii(ao6in»ixi> »iycy.ii>MaiiCKHx'h CBnA'hTeJtCTB'b eme 
Miioro Bii ncqaTHMxi> n pyKoiinciihixi. Kiiiiraxii, Miih iicH3Bi>cTiibixT> ; ho y^e 
wsh npHBCAeHHaro mhoio ;i()CTaTOMii() nBCTByeTi>, 4 ro naMb irtT'L uy^KAbi HCKaTb, 
BM'hcTf; ctj r. PemeMi>, bi. Apyiiixh Kiimaxb Jierxaro 3aBi,Ta Toro yiiOMH- 
iiaiiiH MyxaMMeAa, KoropoM i> roBopiircH wh cKa3aiiiii Iloii'b-ACSaca, hto oho 
HaxoAHTCii BT» Taypaimh. 

3aMtqy eme, qro b'i» pa3iii>ix'b ncroMHiiKaxt yKa3hiBaeTcn na ieuencKoe 
CBpciicTBo KaK'b na pa.icaAfiHKb iy^xoiicKo-MvcyjibMancKaro CHiiKpoTHSiia wh 
iiepByK) :inoxy HCJiaMa, n Miiorie KopiM»eH :rroro iianpaiuenifl AtiicTBHTejibHO 
ohi-iH poiOMb \i:vh IOjkhoh ApaBiir. lie orrvAa .in Bbnnjia 11 KOMonnanifl c^owh 
lRt31SI3 c^nweiiCMi ocMioBare.i/i uciaMa, 11 neon, CBoero jib ieiweHCKaro yqH- 
TC-ifl Kaaoa ajib-AxCapa Iloirb-Adoactb (Miiiniajb 'dvo iii)eAaHie oS-b ynoiiH- 
uaHiH MyxawMGAa b b TainHwuh? 

A. rapKasN. 

MapTi, 1893. 



I 






mm% naxojtameiicfl bii MockbI. 



B-K IImd, MocKOBCKoe ApxeoiorB'iecKoe OiSiaecTso fibua upHCuaHa r- 
Eaay TeppaKorroBaH aa3a, aho KOTapoif noKphtTa:i3KJirHarfieitii, iiaf]ficaffiit»mi>tra 
apaiteicKOMh jaytct eupeficKUM'L mp04>roH'L. 3rauaAnEici>CMjaueAaEUQB3Aatia 
m* Tpymx^ Bocroiaoft Kommuccid Ilun. Mockob* Apx. OGint, aAOTM^ mojo- 
Abudii y^eiiixtJMTij IL H fJOJioBefiHiiKOM'b, Bii 3tomi> H3CJi'fcjtoBaHin, cii KuToiMtro 
Mtrfe CbiJi* npiJCjaiiL ijTAtibUi*ifl ottbckij, aBTopi* Buojiit AotJpocoutcTao at- 
fieccii Kb cmm :rdAiiH% crapaTe.ibiio iray^oB^ jiBrepaxypy npeAMeia u Muoro- 
cTopoaiie paacMOTptBij nay^Bbio Boiipochi, CBiisaHHbie c% TaKoro po^a nanHT- 
Biuaim. Uo TiLwh KaK'b ApeBHiii na,ioflcii, mvxn teKcri* iixt> coAepHSHTb Cajiifiie, 
qtifBo6bjqHwa*t.opiyyjy,BC€Map'tAKo coHciMi* CesoiUHCoqHO Aeiima'pHpyKirca 

IT oG^nCtmiOTCH IipU IK*pBOM>» HXb H3^HiH TO BIlOJHfc eCTeCTBeilBQ, ^0 n B'K 

■acaiiioiiaiiie r. CojoBCii*jni%aj Koropoe ripBTOMi* cocTaB.i«e'ni eru ucpBUiR 
uayiit&m rpjA'hf BKpajRCb HtKOTophiH oiuHOo'iiibiH nrmm n rojKOBamfl. 

npeAcmsJio criepga xeKCTB a nepeaoji^ ua^uHcn wh roMi> BHAt, kek^ h 
e!*o TOTEID n 0<hi«cuHiOj co.tpau;iJ! paaAfejeaio cipoKi. Bt opni nuajife: 

ma 7JT *rjia m xn^i^pn dTi^V rvtr^ dtc? ^3i j^naip 13 (?) i^DTt^nVaTi 

n5H*?t3 *?*snnjT n^ow^z m'»DK Knprm '•pirn N*7QpT K'^nai piTna 
najt^a V«'^3i noou r^'^^^n^ nro^ 21/1 s^n^d ^k'^idki r^^iD'^^ rrpum 
sn piHD i^rt^n r ip noK^a *?K^Diim rrao^^ inD^nni [nn^» 




— '2 ~ 

f*^3Jio^m fnii^m ps^m pbt^m \''pD^r\'\ pnTm prorm ww^z ^nV^^a *f^ 

r*7o \DH fOK pa^j; D^y'?i pt KDT [D pH^ f^pn^A M^i pmr^s )D ppo^ni .w 

.0^*51 1^12? p^nn .11 

L CHioana h aanc^iaTana Tbi, sjiafl rilEJUta, npeObieaioinaft bi* Jloirii| 
[BoBan-ABapa (?), ct>ina KimMT^ 

2. 11 MajRAH-/I,)Ho/i}])iraHAa(?)j cwna KiioMTi^ — h KaKoe (m mm m GhUQ\ 
[y Bero — b KiioMta, Aonepii Tyri — n Kanoe 6br hmh 

3. Hn Cbijo y H^fl — n BarMaiiiioxT>j AO'iepn KmmL CsmmR Tbi, Jii- 
[aflxa, npeCiiJBaioiuan ua iioporfc 

4. Hxi> AOMa^ Obiomas n yMepmB^nroman n Majii^qnKOBi* h jitBo^eiria. 
'(?BJi3aHa Till BueHount raBpinm ain aia, 

6- 11 cBaaaita Tht sisieHeMi, AcpiBjra anrejia; eme (Tasme) tbi cBmmh n 
[aauc^iamiia umoiiomi* MBxaeia anrejia; 

6. Eme [xbr] CBi^aaea n saaeHaraiia nMeweM^ XaTMin^ra aareJiaj nocpcA- 
CTBOM% AByx% KpyroBi>j Korophie n BHBcajnb 

7, B^ 3T0Th TaiHCMan-fc, Ohh (03Eia^ennbre aHreibi) h Bmmn hxi., eJ 
^larros Bmmat hs^, n opymie nxT., b OTpnitbi ax^E, nycTb npHAyTT> na lefia, 

8- 3jiaii OHapoBaxL^iLHBi^a (bjib: opUBope^iHnaa), [xjin xoro] ^roG-h Thi 
I iTocJiy tnaiacb B nosHHoBajacb, q BUinja 6m, n ^bua 5bi BbirnaQa, e nponajia Ghi, 
[u 6hUfi Gu HMceJieim^ d 6bija Gm aaTtcuyra 

9. H3i> 0Toro AOMa KiioMTa, ^oHepB Tyta, h 3oBaH-ABapa (?), cwna] 
[liiiouTiL, orb ccro aha b he BtKH, 

1 ©• H HTO^T* Tbi Bhiinjra h3i, hxi* Aowa h H6 noBpeAUia Gu hmt. otii eero.^ 

Aftn II BO wkKU B^KOBli, AMHHb^ aMUQb, ccJia! 

11. SaneHaxaHOj TBepAo n iieHapyraHMo! 

OxiM'feqy cnepBa moh oTCTynjeuifl orb qreHin H iiepcaoAa r. CojioHeJfHSBt|1 
(a aariM^ rrpeiieTaBjio utKoiopbia coo6pa5Keeifl Go^te oCmaro xapaKxepa. 

B'b 1-im crpoKt, paBHO tfaK^ rmiKe B'b 3-eH n ^uftaio H^IBI (npaH£imaiO-| 
[Hia>i^ npe5biBa!oinafl, nocejiiiBfiiaflCH), Emtcro meiiui lOAaxeja K^isn uoTopoi 

oBt coeAHnHerb cb i^nnTcTOMi. .lir^THTbi Kilffi^i n uepmomTh- JMhiltuajinm' 
W€J{om&^. XoTH rpa<iiHH0CKij CyKBbi i u 1 ncKoun CMtiiinBa-Tiicb bi> MBCbMt *), 
In Bi* nameii iiaAuflCH, do CBBAfereabcxBy r. CajioseH<iHKa (exp. 9), ttii» TpyASo 



IzT^^P'J pS^"^^ [c^h^Yti^h ofipttTUTi. uitit»iutic^ nToCi,] nc tJiicnTti.,, is^rtcrte c><!M«m^ — j 



— 3 - 



njnim$ — »i,*uwHo)n> r.iy'm!:,oAHaKo, j>a3tii>!n coo6im?m*Hjfr rofiopiiTii m^ uoji^ay 
iipMJiiraejiara uuoio ^Tciiin, Ho nepBi.is%^ Kaia wh 1-oii, thki. 11 rk 3-b1 
*M:.t*Kt, BiKsh paafiiipae.Mai »» cmubbi i%if..i}eTT. aiipexlaenie futcniocm iipeOM- 
ii.i liH .liurfU (offtii AoM'b, «ua iiuportMX "^ ecTecTBeimto Bcer*> iipnimTU, *mi 
w jLi'ieoiroo cJiiM nMeHHo ii imiuto^raerK wh ceGf; ana»[t?nie api-fiuiiiaijifl, Iki 
Bropbixii, no *jix»fHK} ti TOiKOBaiiiio fi^AATejH iipiaxoAnrca otno€RTE» yKaaaiiDiiiii 
uii uaiOEcn iifeciiiocrH kt> c^oBanT): Chmana u mnmanmnaj wo im ji^^vh x<>- 
pomaro i^iMwa^ irfio wh auhhom b cfj^iat, khkt* bhafio mt mnm naAunca K 
iSMT* Toro B cjbAOBa.io OHiHAaTB, HMtjoLi. Bii BBAJ ii3ruari» •Irihtj mii jciiia. 
CBKiaTii JKe n sanenararb ee xurfejiR cocTaBHTejrB aaKJSRfjaBiir, Kaiix o6^nciJeiro 
jiarfce, u*h c&uym umy. Bt* 3-%%, bo aropoif paaii^ rAk ^to cjobci KCTphnaercfl, 
T,e.Bii3-e6 crpoKt, m naxoAeica anBTera HlW^l (3jan) npen> paiflBpaeMKiArfc 
CJoaoarii, fiCJiIuetBie qero r, CoiobcA^hk-k npimyaKAeit k AonycrsTb^ hto 0BCOui»^ 
npoojcTH.!^ iipHJiaraTejbBoe npeAE cioBowb K^TOl (wab AeMooOBT.). 15 b 4-xii, 
CJ060 Kl^O (Aewoirb) mimeTca ooLiKUOBCUiio no apa&iOHCKH ch ^ (ioAOM'B), — ^ 
Hm^ AOMoBJaAfeji^uaj Kotopoe noBtapfleTCH eme bb 9 -oft crpoKb, HaAUTeii. 
«niTaerb rb HtKoToptiiMi>, enpoieMii, mMU'kmeMi^jSdmm'AmdT,. 4x0 imcatriai 
oepfioA iiojoBRBBi HMeHB \v, TO Ao BiirBCBeuia en 3tbmojioi ib TpyAHo^ mmHWf 
oBppAtj0TL n uacTofliaee iipowaflomeHie; wo bo bcbkom^ e-iynat ticpBiiii! (uron* 
Mo;^«o wraTB xaKSKO ii 3a. Bxopyio me iiojoBnay mojkho ^inTaTB na* (ABeprL) 
BirfecTO TIK, Aaad^ y r, CoJoBefi'iRKa, b xoin b^ 9-ofi cxpoirfc 110 pBcyriKy, t>C«m- 
TeJbBO apHC-iaiiiiOMy Miit iiSAare-itiJMi.^ cpfAUHH Gyh'Ba n#jxo;Ka cKopte na bo- 
CTOiBO-gjrpCHBeitifi ^7 (.ia.wf d6) (B^ iiepBoB ase crpoKt 3Ta CyiiBa c rep i a a o$o- 
3Ma4eira HSAareJieM'b aiiaKow^ sojrpoca), oahbko cjluyert Bce-xaKa npufliirrb 
coMHnrejibByio fiyuBy CKopfcc aa i {&aei)^ u ^Hraxb axo bmsi Somm-Asep^^ nepc. 

J3^ U^jj^^js^ U^j Bpaeaop1;4BBi.iftj fl03X^ (no jeiccBKOHy Byj^epca). Pa- 
3yJiieTCH, Bacxaamoe npoHaHOinenie cTaiierB BaBtcxatiMij xojii*ko BMtcrf; cii 
rmnaiorieii. 

Bo 2*ofi cxposst nepBoe c-iobo, Koxopoe cocTaB.iae'nj taotc co6cTBeiiH**e 
nitK, B3AttTt^4t, mrraci h iSDIiIiniD MopQ-rcdt/Memh. Ho Hxopan 6y Ksa bt> 
aepBofi ttojoanufc BMeiin iioxoma TaK?Ke aa KypcHBUbm b, b ji coMuareJMm 

^^inaio nt>D (il/^t/«|iiepcBAcaoc «juJU, c^aiKoe iinpoiKaoe, ue Aaen> xopowiuro 

CiiJticia). EciB aso npeAtiocjitABioio 6yKBy bo Bxcpofi uoioaimt BMeao "laxarb J 

(HyiTi) awfeCTO 3 (6csT^) % to BbifiAen* 1^0113 ^ w. 0, nepc. j^jj^ {dsicodyMeHi^i^ 



iiix'b Ajftuiik B*ti uacTDtiiuiiD iiiu^u<^u yK4ayitiieTi# tn o^cti^s^'t^iiyctiil^ 



e3rkie€iibi9, ncEemecTBeiiin.ui, caMocToaTeiUUbffi). PasyMijeTCiij wo aia >tii- 
noMfyrin BccciMa comiib rojbna, B'K toJI h^ crpOKfe norropeHHoe aba paaa c^oto 
3T(D (nMfl) aertpBO nepeBejieno y r, Gojimemmm nmmo^ BoqcMj ou^ opif- 
jmA^Hf* AOiiycTHTbj Hio miceni^ AflSi p^*^ti iiporiycTWJiii iipe^yori, 2 {b%), Taivi. 
3T0 cifeAycTi, (JbiTu D1© *?3aT (BO BceMT,); coBctMi JiiTmrmn iionpaBua, Jltm, 
lb roM'hy *rni aimMeikKaa ^opaiyjia n^*? fi^KI 01© '?^1 (u Bcanoe umjt, iipD^ea- ^ 
^ie, nAiiicuxeecfl y iiero) nacxo BCTptiaercH bt. lopHAtriecicnx^ aKxaxii, Tain* 
KaKfc nail 4-rfe coGcTBeuubixi^ nodouij jsioAen, ynoMflHyThixTj u-h miuMyt^ muti- 
icHuaii 4»opyyj!a iiasoAHTCfi toj^ko 11 pa abjxi^ \1j to mohdo nojaraTb, hto 3TI 
^Boe nwt,iB Bii oOnxOAt* eme iipyria pMeea e^tt np038auiaj ho ^0 hx^b bo nMiin 
jDCTajbiiLie ABa. 

B'li 4-on cTpoKt MMh upHiu-focb paiBKajibuo naMtimTLnepeBOA'iiM^'^JiaTejiH. 

)ii^ wraexi. i^iipTTn 1pm, a cjiobo H^ndl oai, dpohsboabttj otl oaroAa H'^n 

K^HTii)^ II Bjitj^cTBia cero oiiit uepenoA^Th: u oyfcttesHmma^ u yMeptmAJimu^ati 

dimHOHa u dpamH... (cooTBtTCTByiomoe cjiobo JKeucKaro noja, 3aMi^aei'% r. 

^ojiOBeirnffich, KOTopat nhrh Kh pycCBOM'B hsetk i). Ha caMOMt me ^luit, hit 

[>6iiO;KB»jieHJB, HH G ApaKoaaxiiMyjKCKaro h JiiCHCKaro poia, 3AtcK ptsH Btrii, 

^<k» oqeBHAOOj ^To cJtAyerb qHTaxB Hnpnni pin (Atrtj My?K. b men, riuaa, 

tfajtvUHKB 1! lUBoqKE), a cjoeo &?^rraT npoHcxojiiiTij oTTi apaweficKaro (nirtcTCif 

raiOKC B Bi> e!ipcficKOMi>) rjjaroja KnSj Chtii, yAapHxti. Bca ^I'pa.^a 03naqaeni 

raKtfMii ofiparjoM'b: u Ghemi (*lBJBTa) u yMepmsMem^ Ma^ibHumm n dfbsmem. 

)jim% mh atrpEfiyTOBii Mjmthi^ KoxopoMib roBopnTCfl Bt mmrk tD'^D p ft 

h% nojAol^fiiaux^ commmnxiy^ ocrb yMeptaBjeBie wajcnbKHx^ iitrefi. 

Bii C*oii CTpoicfe H xaKme 3Ha4iirejbB0 oTcryimio qtb nTeiiia naAaxeia, 
jjaroAapa muy Q6%mmercfi a^paaa, nacxMo aestpnOj qacxbio bmx. coBCfeii^ ae 
ljei>eB«?A«JHHaH, a wsteHrio, BMtcxo n^^n^^l pirro J^il^il [bi. impeBOjit r, Coao- 

3iiqBi(a; «nocpeACTBOM 1 30 KpyHKOB^ (?), Koxopbse .»], cjfeAyeTB qHTaib ^ 

^in^n fnrtD pnin » nepeBo^riBxi,: nocpedcmeoMz doyxt Hpfflom, mmopue n 
mucihi^ H% 3X0Tii TajHCMatix.. JIbi yBiiAiiM^ iJH/Ke KaKoe Baatuoe awa'icme 
fliMf;f*Tb :>Trj M tcTo MH ypasyMtuiii ^luicxBia Taj?BC»(aHa wa aapway jieMonoBT*, 
Bii 7-ofi cTpoKt n npe^jarai© xoji»ko iiefiojrbnjyio iionpaBKy: BMtcTO 
prmn^:n ^n^*^:!!, rAt HaxoAamaacn bti cpeAHHt Me)K4y ^Bpifi cJioBauB CyKsa , 
raajwert^ no Mntiiiio r, €ojoBe84HKa, ouHCKy nacua 11 criBcfewB m iiyiKaa^ 
"iBxaio finn2^Jl ■'IQ^^I , npHneMT> Bcpxiraa ropBaonxajbaaH qepta CyKBU f 

Bi> 8-oa cxpoKt ncpBoe cjobo Biihcxo ^rhi20 n^oaieja, Korop04? no 






- 5 - 

uirfeeTii DimaKora cubicjia, Do^ieMy oho ocTanieno y r, CojoBcrraiia iieoepPBe- 

^iip'fcn, rairij Riin» Haaccenie upcAa npe3i» ispu npeAciaBi/uioct b% cTapoiiy 
wh Buxt cBunnimifriii *), Bcomotkoo ratune jionycTBTb, nio nKcem* no neiocMOTpy 

DiCaJTh 3 (Kft^'t) BMfeCTO H fXCTl.); B^ TaKOM^ CJlJ^iafe Mb! Cfcl AOHKahl (iliU0 

ootiKMiTi. cioBo B-b cMLicit KilV^nD (npHHocitmafl npexh^ ymnxo^Kaioiuafl) — 
leuoBi*! Hacrro iia^bmaioTcu si* Ap^BHe-paBBiiHcKoii niicttiieaiioCTii nbzn ^3K?t3 
(BpeA0Boc«biej j minTofKafomie atrrejibi), Harlmx Wh TofS ate crpoKt cjioao, oa* 
neiaTBiBfioe y i\ CoiOBcfiHHKa p^^[?mi it t^cTaB^emioe ^ern* riepeBOjia, n ^irnuo 
p*?5t%nn, «iT TLi 6bLia 6hi BbicweEian, llaKoyeii^, nocxfwiee cjobo axofi crpoKit 
fnDrJD^ni nepeBeAtJUo r, C*>40BeHHBK0»i'b n ^f^^^^UAa^h (Seai* bchkoto ofiXHCBe- 
iiiH, Ciiityeni sawtniTii, wvo oaCTOflmce aimqeBie cjioaa octij: u mtt Cum 6u 
samKH{m(^ — Becbwa KapTHifnoe BbipaMeBie, b^ KOTopoM^ oapBip A^wm(ym> 
filiexcTaBJueTCJi BT* BDAt OTi^pbiTofi Gmmhi, oTKjAa McsoArni acHKoe aio na 
jiojtefi, cnoKolcTBo Em%% uomer-h 6hnh o6B3mnem roMhm mvA^ »Ta 0e3i:(Ba 
aaTKuyTa n riaKpuita, 

B^ y-oB ctpoKi BCTpfiHaeTcn onatL nnn 3maH-A$eph^ o KOTOpOM^ Cbuta 
ptiB 0i»irae, BT* 3aMtHaiifi! kt» 1 -ow cTpoirt. cofiCTseHHOM-L mimM Ti/ma DO- 
ro&opnir& ceihac% mmo, 

Bt» 10-aii CTpOHt. ewtCTo pj5n^/l ?i3iaTej|g, KaKoe cjiobo t\ Coia»«»fi»iiiin> 
BC CcTi* KOJcCaiiin nepeBoiBrb epbt&aMicti (?), a upexjaraio HBTaxb pp^PA; 
nepBiiiif ^ (ioATi) tv tb fivAen* jnuiTiBMit n itpaBBJhiJO Cbijro Cbi pp'^ffl (h tm iuj 
ooapeAKJia Gw, bc upmiocHJia 5bi BpeAa). 

HaKonemij b^ 1 1 -oii cipoKt bm hero intt? BajiarejH cj^Ayerii HttTfiTb 
l'**i©(ivptnKo,npo*jaoycTanDBicn(>).Dypa3£eaic Dpi I'HD, Kompoc Mbi aifecii 
BCTpt«jaeM*ii^ ciy>Koni cTepeoTHimiaMi. oKoHtjanieM^ B^ lopHAH'iecKBET* aKran*, 
cocraBJientiijix'b tta apaMeriCKOMT. ^iiibiK-fe. 

JIq cnxii riopi, n crapajcfr ODpanAbiBaxL mob OTCTyB.ieHiff oti> ^remn U 
mjiimwi t\ dhmimvtimh rpa4»nTC«:KB h :>THMOJiora'^iccHiL Teiiepi* ijepeftiiy m* 
efeKOTopfsiM^ qacTBLiML iiyoKTaM'b^ ne mBEcnmjau'h ott* «rreniii n i'Hw5ojora»i6* 
CKaro tioHB»ianin reiscTa ifaAnnce, 

Jim cKOJibiriTXTj lOMoai. aa3ua«iajaci* axa aaaa-TaJUCMapt.? Ochobmbujic^ 
ifa TOM'i.» nrn bk 4 -oil n lO-oft crpoKaxii Baiincaiio pn'^na (nrb j^oMa), n Co- 
jioBeKWKii fipiifiBwaerip, 'iro coieficTayj cocxoaBiooMy butj d-x-L "iJcaoB'B (sia- 



K-IK*?); a*> •'^n« (P. Xifc^nu it I\ Pi\r*^a) ciasajR ipyroe ciona n pa^nHi^aju ei^^* (HnTnEyt Bt* 



- 6' - 



itoBXTt oAdirii iipfluai,*iomaji^ XByM% Cpwiumd-b, a Apyruii "uaTopii tt Aonejui^ 
(iTp*8). Mirl; ^e KaaKCTca ropasAO Btpofi rri te, 'no pt^ib bi> BiiAnwen BAen* iojiliw 

2-011 npuKf* apeAi« nweneMii Kii€WTa e bk !)-oii cxpoKt iipeAt nwetieMx eif 
Cbiim uaitwcaub upocrofi cuio.tl t i! ne iiOHTOpiieTai cjiobi^ nw^!l ^-iw HD'^Zi 
{B% ero, eji AOMt), Km% 6hi c^tAosa-io bi. cjiynat, ecjiiQ^ Tpaiaoiiajjocb cmfil 
ApymML Amrk UpmnTh aru, Kan-b iJ04HraGn, r. Ct*iOBt^u'iiiKi> (cTp. 7\ 

1 3a s.U0OTH4cctdn BUjpaJKeuifi uamero nncua, HahBoiaro Gvato 5u CKiCimiocTb 
BuipariiaThca Tani*, aaML wbvh nmmovo octioBanifl; xanx kek^ act rpu npo- 
Bffepa, fia Koropiiie r. CojoBeRHHKT> yKaatiBaerB, no HcnpaiiJOiiHOMy waoia 

iTCKCxy BOBce ue coAep/KaT^ HiKaKus^ axtBDTHHecKBX^ BbipaHteiiiiL r}arfei«i.| 
%cm61x AaHie Mbi Aorrjciii.TH raKyfo 3J4nijrnKy, to Bce-Tane mch 3arpyAen40 
6bi yKaaaTeibBoe utcTOHMeHie, jnoTpeojeHuoe bi* 9-6 cxpoKt B^ eiHMCXBeii- 
uom> HBCJi b: pn nn'^J (axoTii aom-b), Kb xomy, iipn KOHKpexaornr A^i^ 
CTBin, TpedOBaBJuaroca oxii uacxoaruaro rajiHCMaim no 5ibicJH cocxaBurcJB 
aaKJiaHaBiH b sasufo^aBmaroca bxj noHMKfe .iRjaxbi a BabJiioHeiriu en cnepaa 
Wh Basy, a 3a"rtMi. a n^niaiuH en mi, xousl — Tro-ro Maju BtpoiiTifo, nrofiufj 
ciirraiocb BoaMomiibiMXi npocTnpaTb ero upoMt xoro casiaro Aoaia, rA'fc hut 
XGABJiacr^ Ba3a-ra.iacMaiix>, eme er Apyrofi, xoxb 6hi h cociABifi, aomtj. 
ecjH Baaa coxpaimjiacb b% AOMt CMHOBeii^ aa hto rioBHAHMOMy Aojmflo yKasai 
oCcToareibcrBo, ito obi. Bt iianajt uaAnflcn cTonxx> ua iiepBOMij niraHb 
Jsii I'OK cxpoK^fe), xo KaKHMXi oSpa30Mi. BxopoR AOMT^, np0aaA4e>Kaaiiii 
MaTCpa II AonepR ii rxk saaa ne coxpaBJt.iacb, 0{>03FiaHei!i> {b^ JJ-oii rrpoKt| 
cJOBaMH BtmrnZ' doM^ o b^ cboio o^jepeAt* aaxoAnxcn na ncpBOwxj iiJiaHt? 
IIoceMy c^Bopie Aojrnno oojiaraxb, >ito TajtBCMaa'B Haaimia-ica A-ia OAHoro Aouaj 
ijpHHaA4GasaBmaro bcch ynoMauyxofi cewbli, u hto bx> Cioak p,Tn^ yuoTpeOJCBjl 
scriptio defectiva^ x* e. iipotiyiueuii ^ (ioA^>) iiocj* nepBoii GyKBbi, raKii 'irq 
B Tyrb pi; 'lb HAt^x^ o6^ oabom^ AO*rfe* Mojkiio ciue iipeAnojaraxb, 4xa nw-^ 
cenii, ynorpefijiaH mn. ^bc, nwt.ib u% BBAy oxAtpibiibifl nacra lya KOMimxbn 
AOMa, KUK'b aaijp* n[;Meq,Kots Stiihe b^b cxapBuy ynoTpeSjiiLiocb Tauate a Aifl 
oGoiiHaHeBifi AOMa, BcjitAcxBie acero sroroxepamrbCBoeauaHeHiecoDfipaaseirm 
no ceMennoiiy npaBy, Koxopbia i\ Co.ioBeHMHK'b ocHOBbiBaexx* iia 'i^aKxt cyiu«^ 
CTBOBaaiii AByxb aomobxi b na iieBipBOM% xojKoijaniii cjioBa QW (ctp. 10). 

3arl3ix. cjiiiAy^x7> riawtxaxb, mxo i:o6eraeii»oo imn Tf/ma use Toiud. {b6^ 
2-6l a 9'Oii cxpoKaxx) iiptinaA-iieHiajo lie oxny HiioAna, KaKi> npnHOMat*'n> 
r. Cojo8eii«mKi> (crp. 8), a BtpoflTirke en Maxi^psi. Xtmi bmh axo KBKb mm- 
€iso0 mh ncTopia auafecmo mat xoJbKo Bb xpncxiaiicKoS Ucnanin T*epBOH oo* 






C&a^a BejHKaro, Dozy, Gesch. d. Maurcn inSp. U, 33), no^cuy ouo, no Hcefi 

B'fepoflTHocTHj jraTHiio-poMaucKaro oponexoaueiiiH, noTyn^uiiteTCM jipyroocoo- 

<>pji;ficaie, ytaLibiBaKnuee Ha to, hw sto 6biia oco6a niciicKaro no^a. lla ckojikko 

;io cwxh Qopi> B3BtcTUo wjb AiyyvEKb Bda'b-TaJiBCMaaoBi*, nan:ieiiHf>ix'i> tii Ba- 

ftiii, CojbtuimciBo Awujh, Bbnojbay KouxT>nnea.iHCbaaiv.!nHauiH, Heciijuufciiim 

majocbfiMeueMtCBonx-bMaTi^peii, a ne cbobx^ otuobi*, hto jxaen.uoBOAT> 

^iiiTb, »rro n coMUiixevTbUbm HMena — a;eucKaro noja. TaKi* irb naAiiacH, 

ijaoH cuepBa Jeap^oMb, a noTOirfc Mbth (ZDMG. IX, 1855, p. 465 seq.), 

OA0M JDUO Ha3Bauo: Empandyxh hjh Eaipaudoxz^ A04b Ueeandoxt^ ii HeJbAeice 

yanajTB bii uKOH^aHiH dys hjih dox coKpaiueuie uepcHACKaro dox^m («I-i^), 
A0%; cj'feAOBaTejibHO HteiimoHa Eatpandox^ o6o3Haqeiia B*b TajHCMaufe iiMeucMi» 
e^ waxepa Ueeandoxo. Mufcde HejibAeKe HecnpaBejiJHBo Cbjjiu ocnapHBaeiio 
JJ,. A, XftOJibcouoMTj, n iiama HaAUBCb npeACTaBJAexi. uoBoe AOKaaaxeibCTBo, hto 
gjieua c^ oKOHHaaieM'b na dox^ aceHCKifl; :no ynoMn^tyjiLH b-b 3-h crpoKt Bai- 
Mondox^j doKh KiwMtnd, EatMaudoxi^ uo nepc» dom EaiMana^ Becbflaa nsutciHoe 
vmn wh Oepcia, tvaKi> uanp. EarManx, cbmi> Ot^eHAiapa, apeAOKi» ocuoBaTejifl 
CacaHMACKofi AniiacTia, ApAUiupa BafieKaua. fl nojaraK), ^to oOoauaHeHie Jinm> 
TajHCManaxTi h aMyjexaxt HMeaeM-b Maxepir, BMtcTO HMean oxua, lie 6bijo 

lyiafiHocTbio H HTO 3T0 Tpe6o8ajrocb bt» aaKJiBHaiiiaxt iipeBaiiiiaHxi Bpe- 
«eaii, tJOAo6uo xoMy, Kanx 3xo xpefioBajocb bt> awyjexaxxi n jtante wh mo* 
anTsaxi, cpeABeB'fcKOBbix'b h nosAHiHniBX^ Ka6CajiHCT0B'b ^). 06pa3uo«ii uoaoG- 
earo o6o3Haqettia iDi^-b cjiy;KHai>, BfeponxHo, cxnxi. apcbbhto ucaiMoutBaa 
*lDia*? iinilD *JDt3K p 1^2V ''^^ //, meou paSd^ cum mooeu pa6u^ xbi paa- 
um^xh MOH yajbi (|. 116, 16^=115,7). ripu axon^ oKousaiiie cxHxa mofjio 
6biTb npHHJixo Bi. c3Jbic.it paapfenienin ^apii, xaK^ KaKT> napbi H3o6pa/Ka,iHCb 
Wh ApeBUocTH uocpeACTBOMt aaBHSbiBaiiifl ysjoa^, a pa3pliiiienie ^lapT^ — 
nocpeACTBoarb pasBaabmatdB; cm. npHMtp-b, iipnaeAeuuLifi Bbiiue wh npBwt- 
*raHin, Byjio 6bi mejiaxejibHO yanaxb, o6biqno m axo xaKJue bt^ liepcBACKHXi* 
HupandMamax^^ c^ Koxopbiwo aamH saK.iHHaMia, cyAa no uepcHACKHM^ co6- 

rBeuiibiMX BMeuaM^, AOJiKHbi DMtxb .Miioro o6inaro. 

1131, cioB'b \]n'^r\2 iiDipO'K bv ^'''\^ir[ ^rrh'h ^n^^, ww, Mauma^ npl 
mMWi^ Hte nopoiTh ux^ doMa (b-b 3-h cxpoKt), bbano, 4xo, uo xorAamiieMy 

fcpoBauifo, AeMOH'b, uocejiHiomiHcn b^ KaKOMb-jiBfio AOM'fe, npeBMymecxBeuHO 
trpefibiBaex-b Ha noport xoro Aowa. Bi> ocofieiiiiocxn ;>ro oxHOCHxca Ki>^lB-iHrfe. 
TaKb n'h HaAfincH na Bast KaoHCKaro Mysea ^) BcaKoro poAa Aewoubi, BMtcrfe 






- 8 — 

Ch JnjnToii, .laK.iuiiaiOTCfl raK-h: mnioCh ou ifMrnihAu n ydaAUMiCh fpj;B"l^n 
0'n> apaficKaro r.ianua wij^ iio irfepnoMv 3aM'I;naniK) lIe.iL,n(M{o) ^) vsh eopomz^ 
doMa^ nacmSinn/i^ doopna u nopoia 3adano'0ap;/xa)K Tairh luiicii .InJinra no- 
Mtincna xaMi^ nocjt nchxh ^ipynixi. aomoiiobt, it iioj^on, TaiwKc yiioMJiiiyn* bt> 
Konu'ft <!»pa3hi, TO Mo;Kiro iHuararb, «ito n m^ K'aimcKoii iiaAnncii .Tiunrl; 
OTBCiein> nopoiTj. Ho orcio/ia .in iKvroHiiiimi pa3iiMX'F> cyoBtpiihixi» oohinacB'h 
n iiOB'hpiii y pa.xiiiMiir»ixi> iiapojoBi* OTiiornrcihuo iiopora? 

ricpexoHiy in> 3aMt»ianinMi> oojt.e oGiuaro cBoiicTBa. Hpc/mc Bcero cii;- 
jiyevh OTMtTiJTb, HTo ira.iiia'ionio nacxonmaro naiwinnaiiiii oT.iimaeTCJi paAii- 
Kajii>iiWMi> o5pa;jOM7i 0'n> iianiiaMOiiiJi Apyrnxi, 3aK.innaniif iia ,^pyrnxi» ao cnxt 
nopT> n3B'kcTiir>iXT> Ba.'jaxii. Ti Ba3r>i cocjaiumovh aMy.i("n>i njn Ta.iiiCManbi 
npo^i»njiaKTn»iecKaro xapanxepa; onf; iiM'fe.in uI..imo BociipcMinTCTBOBaTF> bco- 
BOSMO/KiihiMii ,^eMoiiaM7> BX(),inTr> u'h AOM'h Ti ,apyrin iiMyiuGCTBa ii3Br;cTiii»ixi> 
JiviJl'h, ji.,in Mcro TpouoBa.iocr, 3aiieqaTaTr> o3iiaMciiin>io AO>ia n iiMymecTBa htoSi, 
CAt»JiaTi, nxii hoaoc'itiiummii 3.ir>iMT> cn.iaMT>. ]\r()CK0iu*Kan ;nc Ba3a dT,ua iia- 
aiianena bt> ,iom7>, rjf» HpcwuiiH xhiicTBin aoMOiiinocKin yjiie ()6iiapy;i;njiHci> 
CMcpThK) Majeru,Knxi> AtToii, iionoMy TaMi> y?KO T])Cuonajicn utjic6m>iif xajnc- 
Main>, HToS-L ii3rnaTf» ii3'i> ;n'oro jo.Ma tv At'MoiiiiMOCKyio cn.iy, Koropan cne- 
uiajbHo 3a!iHMa.iaci» yMi^piURJonicMi, Alvrcfi, t. o. .^ilihit, ji.vi icaKOBoft utjm 
Heo6xojinMO 6huo 3aneMaTaTr> caMyio . Iiutttv it rtMh iiapa.iii30BaTi> cji Bpe- 

AOHOCIiyiO A'fcnTC.lM10CTI>. 

3arr,M7> oopaiJxacTi* iia coon luinMaiiio to ooctohtojlctiu), qro n3'b pa3- 
jjIiacMOH irajiincn mi»i Brio])BT>Te ;icho y:niapMi», KaKnM'i> ciior.o6()Mi> npon3BO- 
An.iCH B7» 3Tnx'i> Ba3ax7. iipouoci. 3arienaTr.iBaimi ,^OMonoBX, iiociMnBUinxcH bt, 
n3BtcTiiOM7> AOM't n oofiapy;KiiBiiHixi> TaM7> choio B])o,i,nyio A'hflTe.iBiiorTh. C.iOBa 
iiacTOflinaro saiuiiiiaiiin, nain, mhI; i;a;KOTCJi, oGiyucnmoT-h ;rro aobojwio iipocTo. 
JIiUHTa CBH3hiHajaci. nMoiiOMi> »ieTi»ipcx'i> aiirc.ioBi> ii 3aiioMaTi>iBa.!iaci>, cnopxi* 
Toro, nMOHOMij AByxi. n3i> ornx'h aiire,iOBi> riocpo,T.CTBOM'i> abvxii K])yroBi>, 
HapncoBaiiiihix'h bi» Ba3T> ra.incManfe, ,io,i;KoiiCTBOHaBiiioff, iioBn^nMOMy, cjy«KiiTb 
napnu'fe aomoiiobt, TCMimuoii, n.iii iicpecMJo^iiioii riopLMoii, jio OKomaTciMiaro 
Cfl yiiaJoiiiH inx iiacrojimaro on MLcroiipcoMBaiiiH, TaKi> mto nojooin^ie Kpyni 
AOJ/KFiM GhLiii cTaTi, AT" AOMoiiOB'i* B'i» iio.iii().>n> c.Mbic.Th cjiOBa sanoAdoeaU' 
Hhi.vu Kpyiami. MoaioTb 6i.iti», qro j.iii :rrou jr;Lin ii ojia^in Ki)yr.ibiii cocyA^, 
Ba3y ujiii »iaiuy, KOTopwii Mori, obi c.iy;nnTr., xotii n no cobcLmi. y,^oGnLiM7>, 
BpoMciiiiF>nn» iiOMf.inoHie>n. am\ AOMoiia. TainiM'b ()r)pa30M'b ooiiflciinjicn 6f>i 
BonpocT. «i>opMT; n iia3iiaMonin aTnxt BaBn-ioiiciaixb i^a.rb, no i^OTopoMy Gum 
Bi>icKa3a.iir>i i)a3iibifl iipo,inojo}Keiiifi, iipnBcjeniiF>]n bt* cxan/fe r. CojioBCHqnKa 



J) Ta^^»'}KC, ctjk 2iUl. 



- 9 - 

[ferp. 17 — 22). TaKii mn-h nepBOHaqajtao aaujiBuawiii nnca.mcb, no Bcef« ak-^ 
I pofrrnocTiTj iiiiTaKnxiiC,iy«iaHX'b, Korita, Kairh n-h HacToflmeMT. cjyuaf., iiewoiii 
jyawj nacojiDJiiCb n DeoCxoAiiMO 6i>uo dxt> ijajoBBTb, Aifl Hero Cpajin cocyii 
|b^ <M)pMt Bas-b njrn ^ainii, to aTV *i»opMy cocyjiOHT> coxpaofiJiH Bnoc,rtj,cTBiir 
w ,■ " ' ' loxpaimTejbHMXTi saiumiaHiH. 06^ 3Tomi> orqacTii \me iora;iuBajicn 
n - ,. n Hhwvk ero Aora^i^ noiiTBep?Kj.aeTca u oStnciincTCH AOKy«efiTa.ii>no.^ 

Ila-b HCTbipexT. anrcioB^, ynoMHiiyxbTX-B b^ HaitnncR, JiBoe, raBpitub 

jMnxaiun), H3BtcTHLr yme H3T» EnejiB; iBoe nte ocTajibRbixi*, Acpiwi. n Xar- 

ltiflxi», KaiOi y;Ke aawtTH^i* r. CojiOBeH«iBKT3, nejinioTCfl 3Atcb BnepBbie. Ho onii 

I ttflirpacao npHnircbiBacrb hm^ *i»yHKaiB ceKpeTapeii neCecnaro coBtra (crp. Ifi); 

itio oS'bacitneTCfl ropa3AO npome, n bm tcrfi c% rkM^ cocTaBHTejb 3aK.iniiaHin 

BBOAHTii uac^ Bii cBoio MacTcpcKyio, r^t axH aurejbi C'l^aOpnKOBauLL J^Jin vKpO' 

DieiiiD JHjHTbi TpeGoeajiocb, no nprninxbiMi* TexHU^iecKHMi. Bbipa;i%eiiiHM^ to* 

I rjianidefi AeM0U0.ioriif^ cBaaarb (no eBpcficKir r apauencKn nOK acapo) h sane- 

liutTaTb ee (no esp. h apaw, onn xamaMz, xmaAa); «!ero npome, npnjioJKnTb 

\trh 2nwh AByM-b rjraro-iaMTi cjiobo bn bm^ uao (6or^ n BooGrixe cMa Bbicuiarq 

DOpWKa), KOTopoe ciymnrb o6i>iKHOBe«BO OKOHqaHieMT, BMeirb aiire^oBi,, b 

miftiiixi> anreja raxoBbi! HtKOTopvK) ana^iorifo, BupoHeMtj npeACTasjaB 

jimetui B^ saKJiiiiiaHin: n'^^'D^D^ n^'D!3DD n^'^r^ra (rp. CafiCarb j. ev**), ecj 

I rfpHMeM-b TOjKOBaHie KOMweHTaxopa PaniH (HcaaKH), mo 3to nireea aHrejrOBi 

I iiasBaHHbix'b TaKi* no CB0BM^ JiificTBi;iMT> -), n HMeiia pppD piJD pDt2S (rp. 

CiiHn^iipuHi* J. 446.) no o5^ncneniio caworo Tajwy^a ^). Ecjh jia>Ke coBpGMe- 

neirb Hwena arnxT, ab}^!. anreji oe-b naiuyTcn bt> KaK0Mi> irnSyAb ApeBHCMTj hcto^-^ 

ttiiKl^ to OTHocHTeJbuo cocxaBnTCin pasOHpaoMoii naAnncn axo nHCKO.iibKo hi 

iiciuioinrb B03MojKHocrn n etponxHocxH woero oC^ncHeaifl; TojbKo bm'I^cto 

[CJ|OBa cfpaCpuKoeaAh npHAcxcn xor^a cnasaxb nodo6paAz. 

TorAs KaK-b bti naAnncH roBopuxcn o6cxoaTe.ibHo o BBTHaax^j ejry;fia 
mwx-b anreiaM^, cb nx^ OTpaAaMn, coBciM^ yMa^qHeaoxcn o cjry/KHxexax'b 
fiocofinnitax^ .lajnxbi, xoxa bt> uosiintHiiiee BpeMH n ee, Koneqno, oKpyataji 
I CojwniiM^ raraxoM-b, Kam. n noiio6aeTb uapimt iieMoiioBi,. n*7n n31 D'^b^b 
JluAuma ti est napmiR — cxepeoTHanan <i>pa3a y Ka56a jhctobx. 3to o6cxon- 
Teji*CT80, paBHO KaK-b n qncxo apaMeficKifi cjior^ uajmncn, Ces-b npR5ticn re* 



\\ f. Koilscliriftforscliung, p, 138. Ki> opwnejiettiiori Tasrb riiiTftr!; ita*b Disput-atir> 
kcsQi B'' i.ieo, ^ro nupr. Cnjowoirt tioffxajn* aenoHom*, amuiOffiJii* nx-b nt ntt3ia n lep* 

. PjaLBARO Kohut. Anijclologiet p, 89; Anich Completura IT* 31— 32^ Brullj Jahr 
it 



10 
r>pa«:inoBK, KOTopbiMiJ ocofiemio H.^ooHjryerii naAOtfcttMpe^i.lniuaiia EiiKaiiDt^ 

ciioicrvOH laubi ni cpaBueiiia ex apyruMn naufecTuiiiMa oAaopaAiiw«a iiawHiuw- 

BociGmo me umxonuim oaaa cocxaBiffetTi noKa eAiiticiBetiiiLift opmitpi* 
aaTuiiHaniii, inuipaH.ii!miaro npoTUJrii OA^aro A^^siftini, Turt. miKh no kckxii 
jipyi'BXj, aaiauuaroi'C)] ucAi poAbi lefiitJUOBii, ae^acTbixt ctiji* ii 'lapoAteci,, 
Ho Tito iiomno oOiiiiCdHTb ormnicM^ !xt..Tij a ea^aaneina HacToainaro aMyjc^ 
on. ftctx^ ApyrflVB, &.ibuih£7i ao caxi* nopi. aaBtCTabijMu. ^| 

%o B^ opaorpa^^DHecKOM'B k iuop4»ojit)rH*i€CKOM^ oTHomenifixB aama 
aaADHcu rmma iipcAcxaBJiaeTTj paawue i]pa3iiaim Api^BMOcro — xapotuo AOKa- 
3041. i\ CoJOBoji'iOKt (cxp, 28), Eh ^aJleorpa*^HqecKow^ ,*Ke OTHomeBiH 
ii3iiaTejb aax(>AWTi», ^ro axa HaAiincb BechAia diHano iioa^^o^ati* irt eaAOVCii 
KauuCKaro jwyaea (ctp. 29)^ btj itoTopoii, oAtiaKo, eciL miioio npnsdaKorri 
noaAHfiro BpeMaan, uemM:y iipon^m-h n apauaasiM. Ilo cHaiiKy, apsyoaceirnowy 
K-b n:icjfeAO»ainK) r. Cojiob., xpyAwo cvahtb o na.ieorpa^H'iecKOM'B xapiirrepfe 
riHCt^neini. He Macro oSjier^aeriaxyaaAa^y cocxaBjenHbiii r, GujroBefi'iuKoM'ii 
urb pyKH aj<f>aBMri, naAuHcn, oGaaaxejibHO Miit apnc^mnBhiS, laKi. Kai;^ wh ^owh 
&A4^mwrt omnuBmovm ii Ocuie r wento ApcBiiifl 4*opMLi. Ki> Towy ace, 
r. Co JOB, Mirt iiiitiieTij, qxo 03na»ieiinbni aid^uBBTi* emi* cocrnuJien'h im oeuo* 
aaiiiH ifanOo^rfee yaoTpe6HTejJbiibixT* Ha^epTanlSj no BMicTi Ch tIm^ owb cbh- 
itTeibcxByeTTi, «iTo B^ HaAnECB Bcxpti^aexca Macro Bapianifi aiux^ ua^epra- 
J9, 6oJikc! Hju MCBte oxcxynaKiLi^Bxi) ox-k iiopMajbUbixii ^opM%^ Aa Kpoirb 
Toro, BT> aaAUHce BCTpt^aioica iitcKOJLKo Kpaiiite opiiniiiawibBbix^ Ha^iepTaaitt, 
ojipeAl-ieiiiB Koiuii npeACxaBiHerb auaHiixcibubia aatpyAHCHia, Bco nm n 
Movy cKariaxb up a rannsB oGcToaTejbcxBax'L, 9x0 jihiiii> to, <ito oaJieorpa^i'H* 
ntjcaiii xapanxep'b 6yKBii, npeHMymecxBeaao n, 1, a p^ AouycKaexi) BoaMi>m- 
BOCTb oxoocnTb uaon. jiaMfminK^ ki> Coi'fee ApeBHeii aaox'fc, qfewi^ HtKoxopbin 
Apyria Ba3bi; ho Tonaoe oapeA'tJieHie ero afea ocropoacnbrif y^eabifi AOJiHenii 
noKa cHHTaxb pneKOBaHTibbMTj a1 .iomij. 

Cjluyexxi oxMfiTnxb enie oahv ocofieaaocxb aacroamaro aaiaiMairiH, kch 
Topaa BbiAtJfiexij cro na^ cpeAM oAuopoAHUx'b uaMarHifKUBTi, a BMeinto, »ito 
B% axoMT* aaKJiHrianiu hg 3aK.iEo»iaeTca eaeuiaibuo eapeBCKnxi* ajeMeaiou'b, 
«In>pMyja aaiaotiafiia mopcKuxb B04(n>, npoBoABwaa ah BaBiKioncKoM-bTaatyAfe 
iBa*>a Barpa Ji, 7'i% cocTorrb 03b mrnvh Boaiiasii ^). li^ uaAiiacux-b uu aa- 

II II cj.) ae iuyti) nil CMerii, t&hh m^Kh emu »eco«0tHiio nccnpfiScKnrf* nponcxosiCACiiJp^ 
m>xt*if.w fmmmiythim% T^. C^tJiSan*, ^ 60—7, Roropuii upfl«o oi5x«i*AaioTCfl >rauHec4iPiiia 
'*7JKW/7 *^17/ /^i«xAc*i^jj/tfpfiM/i im ji«ipi*j^ala et tuacalAaeiti^ atcrt ttutiorb iiciuio^iiTMMcr^ 



iBiurB EpirraficKaro uy^en riapniKCKoS immomJihmvi CnfijioTCKR, ua CKojibKd 

loirk Au CHXx nopi* paaofipaiiM, xaj^me BCTpiiatoTea yKadaHin na cBpCKCKoe 

•rii DpoHcxoHuefiic, KaKi* nanp, 3D O'^K*:'^ (Ciarifi Eopb) Bt pasBOAHoi 

jHcrt. KoTopMH xmTCn A^MonaMii (tia;iiiiicb .leflp^a X^^ 1); xann. Hie, ia> KOHur' 

! aaAiincii, uaxoAflTcn aearpaMMbi eBpeiicKaro ^erbtpexOjKBeiiHaro nMeiru Boiidn 

(vrm MinoW!]; wot BecLwa B-fcponTHO, «ito B^ axofi eaAnnca jiaate apnMt)^ 

ynosimuiioTCn espeH *); at apjthx^ imAnBoixii BcxpL^aioTCfl BbrpajKooifl 

K^S? p, fTDr fa (cB He6a); KauncKaa me imjiniicb Hao6iijiyen> eBpeHcnnMH 

RBipaasernHMO i\ xaM i> HHraeica laase utioe fiiarocJiOBeiiie H31. eBpeiicKaro 

iiojuiTBeHiniKa ^)* Ho^ero no;io6naro Btrb bi> pasGHpaeiMoH Mockobckoh imA- 

, OTcn. KpoMt nncbMCF!i», Koropbix'b ptsb nB;KO, xo^ibKo HMcua ,^Byxi> anre- 

[jorb (raBpiBja n MnxaHJia), if3BtcTHbix^ yme m'h BaGjiiB, m cjoaa aMum n 

[Mjia 6e3COMiriHHo eBpeiicKla, ho bii anoxy CHUKpeTB3Ma arii RHeHa e oiOBa, 

[jiaCIIX>^CTliaHeHHbIH OOCpeiCTBOH'b DCpeBOAOB-b BHCliBj 6bUB liaBtpilO Bt XOAJ 

y apaMe&CKBX^ rHOCTBKOB-b h MauAeeBt B-b BaBBJouin. Hsm me Amjimhi HMtjB 

yjse B-b ApeBHOCTH accBpifi^hi n BaBn.toaniie, y Koiopbix-b eBpcB Bipoarno ero 

paiTMCTBOBajn, a b^ ii03AHtiimee Bpewn obo laKHie yrioxpeCiJiBJiocb apaMcfi- 

CKBinr H3bmHBKaMB* Bet BBTb C4j6cTBeuiibixi> BueBit jEOAefi ruKme ne eBpeii- 

[cKW « HeroBtcTHo lame HX-b viioTpeCjieHie Meniy eBpewMB. Bupo^eiwi*, 

I icwiOHeflieMT* HBieat Xtic^ 6aph Amq h 0apyxh 6aph Kauu^ Bck HMCRa Apy-^ 

I mvh HaiOHcefi na Basaxii laKHte HeB3B'tcTHbi ea^n. y eBpeeBi* hst* Apyri3 

i iicTO«iBitKOBi>. OcxaeTca iiaM-b, cjtAOBaxejbHo, xo.ibKo oabhi> npB3tmb"b eBpeii-"' 

CKaro npoHcxojKjieaiH Ha^nBcn — eBpeiicKin niicbMeiia, ^xo moh;cxt> ciyntflxb 

itanfb yKaaaBiewb xo-ibko sa xo, ^rro nnca^'b axy naiiuncb eBpeficKiS naceax, 

I mo UHcajt OHTi ee, 6bixb Moacexb, ajib HeeBpeficKaro ceMeficxBa, ^rfewb ecieA 

craeBH"ke ecero oCxiBcnHxcfl oxcyxcxsie B^ iim eBpeficKHXii ajtewenxoB^. Ilq 

cOTAtxcjbCxsyHejbAeKe^, y npoi». Paftxa (Wright) bt> KeifSpiiA^'t imxoAHxcfl 

I TAKan me Basa c b HaAnHCbio na MaHAewcKOM^ fl3bTKt, sxo 6e3COMHiBiio AOKa- 

[BM^aerb ynoxpefi-ieHie noAo6HbixT> Ba3^ B^ BaBn.iomB h neeBpeflMB, ^ewhy 



i^\,4it*t aojy^HTCJi xopomia CMwcji-t. to-ii»ko TorAa, Korjia BMtcro hy^lQ CyACMii HHxaTb {niH^'- 
I vlCiilt^ eopfH niiniyrb paaiioAHbie jtrctu^ TaKi> st bu (leMOHu), noay^iiTC saui'B pa3Bo;iHii]fl 
b«. Ho t!ce() BtponTHocTH Kthi HMteM-b TYTb At.jia CI3 ooHCKoft DHci;a, UAH Hce noca^jmij 
' vvmComio iij)oqiirajii> cjobo bi» saHJunaHtu, KOTOpoe cjiywuao eny o6pa3aoin»» 

_!) 3aM"k'iy eme, *rro hhkto m3i» aanflBoiuxcji oCijnciienieM-b axoft najtrjHcii ne o6paTW4 

^iitiii Ha TO, TTO yaoaianyrue Ta>n. naiajrfcHHK« itoai» na3BaHieMT> ncpa (K*1D^i7) HaxoAflt 

^99§§ tnxiniillmyjo anajoriio at Taa»yA"MeritMX-b (tp. Ilecaxuii'b, :i. 111<5): *^1fS31 NlD^Ki «** 

BKlti* na;i> nponiixami'Mi*, KJlV^i?! N*1D'*Kt BaMajir,n«KE> Ha^t (J*fejiHocTBH> (ct> oCu^hwm"! 

fc^yiOi'^K " r). npi inovio^rcHie Koryja (Arucb Completum I, 202), hw 



/ 



— 1- — 

Bnpo^eu'B, U02KHO 6biJ0 AoraAbiBaTbCfl a priori, xairb KaRi cyeBtpHue ofiu^aH 
Becbua jenco AtJiaiorcfl HeaiAyHapoAUbiMH. HCajib TOJbKo, hto ao chu nopi> 
eoie HHqero neHSBtcTHO o coAepauiuiH oauaqenuoH uaHAeficKofi HaAnHCH. OAHaKo 
OAHO ysse cyiuecTBOBaHie en A'i^jiaerb BecbMa BtpoHTUbiHi*, hto CKopo BMtcro 
iydeiiCK0'6aeu.WHCKUX6 eaez npoAexcn roBopnTb npocTO eaeuAOucmH eaau. Pa- 
ayiftercfl, ^to KaTeropaqecKB Hosero iiejbsn yTBepa^iaTb npa TBKOM'b uajoui 

KOJHqeCTBt AaUHblX-b, BblflCHCHilblXl) B3^ AO CBXl) nOpi> H3BtCTHbIX'b DaHflTHH- 

KOBT) aroro poAa; Bce a^jio bi> Sojibineii ii MeHbuicii cxeiieHn BtpoflTflocTH h 
wh 6oxke HJin Meute yAaqiiow-b ycTpaHcain paaubix-b saTpyAHeiiifi. 

Bo BCflKOMi> cjiyqat, Ba3a, HaxoAHiuanoi Hbiiit bi> MocKBt, BecbMa saMt- 
^aTejbsa bo HHorBxi) OTQomeuiHxi> h jojiHaia 3aHn&iaTb ocoGeHHoe no^eraoe 
u'icTO B'b pHAy iiOAoeubixi) en iiaMHTuuKOBi), HaxoAHin,Hxc>i Bi) eBponeHCKBXi> 
ApeBHexpaHHjnii^axi), KaKi> 3to xopoiiio A0Ka3ajii> r. Co.iOBciiqHK'b, h Kairb 
dTO HBCTByerb BS-b Bbiu]eH3J0»;eHHbix'b AoiiojiiHTejbiibix'b coo6paH;euii. 

GHBTaio AOJiroui 3aMtTnTb bi> saKjiicicHic, 4to, npnuHMaa bo BHHHaHie 
Tt s^TpyABeuin npn Aem^<^poBKt pa3dHpacMori iiaAiincH, o KOTopbix^ roBO- 
pBTCJi B'b HaHa.ii crarbH r. CciOBeiiiBKa, paBuo Kani) u to oocTOflTejibcxBO, 
qro xeKCTb ea B'b BecbMa Majiou ctchchb o6i>ncimeTcn SbiBiiiiiMH AOHbint bb- 

BtCXHblMH DaMHXHHKaMH, B 4X0 IipB BCOMb T0M1> OSluiJI XapaKXCp^, Be^lBKOC 

BHa^eaie h 6ojbiuBHCxBo nacxtibix-b i]yiiKX0Bi> Hainero AonyMeuxa 6biJiB xopomo 
ofiiflCfleHbi yneuhiwh u3AaTejeMTj — jerKo ycMOxptxb, hto 3acjiyrH Hamero mo- 
jOAaro MocKOBCKaro KOJ.ierH HncKOJbKo uc yMa.iflK)xcH axoMH iieMHoniBiH 3aMt- 
qaHiflUB. 

A. TapKaBN. 



P. S. Bt. aacfeAaniH BocxoHuaro OxAfejcHifl nauiero OfimecxBa, rAt mhok) 
6biJH cooCiiieubi Bbimen3Ji0H;eHBbifl 3aMtqaHin, ntKoxopbiMn co^ueuaun 6buo 
saflBjeHo xoMCb, mxo bch KOJijeKuin ApeBHOcxeii, npncjaHHaa bi MocKay 
v-iTb Bjiay, HBBJieKaex'b na ced;i cii.iibHbifl uoA03ptuiH b% oxuomeiiiB boajbh- 
HOCXB. nojiywaii saxisi'b, 6jaroAapH jiK)6e3HocxB HMncpax. MocKoacKaro 
Apxeoji. Ofin^ecxBa, nepabifi BbiiiycKi, I-ro xoMa xpyAOBb Bocxohhom Kom- 
MHCciH BOA!* 3arjiaBieMi> a/I,peBHocxB Bocxo4iibifl» (rAt Ba cxp. 89 — 117 
nouiiAeao B3CJr£A0BaBie r. CojiOBeaqaKa), n uamej'b xaui> noAXBepHCAeaie 
aTHXT* noAoaptHifi; cm. cxp. 118 h IIpoxoKOJibi cxp. 48—49. 

He HscjitAOBaB'b cauaro naMaxBEKa b ae cJiBqaBi* ero ci ApyrflMB bo- 
AoCBbiHB BaaaMB B'b KOJueKiUflX'b SanaAflofi Eaponbi, cb uoefi cxopoBbi 6bijio 
^zz/ur^^KOBaBBbiHTi BbicKa3axbCfl ptmBxejbBO bo Boapocy o boajibbbocxb. Upa 
^^^^ ^ziM^a AOjmeH^ aaMtTBTb, qxo BB;TpeaBBXi» apasflaKOBii BecoimtH- 




- Hi — 

Haro iioAJora Mut noha iie y;iaj(x*i> oTKpbixb bi, iia,uiiicii. Koiiemio, iico»ch- 
AaHiibiM'L flBjiiexcii tpairrt iiocBJimeiiia iia;iiiucn oAnoii .lii.iiirb, a lie eii coeait- 
CTHO ch ApyruMH ACMoiiaMii, Kairh bl Apyrn.vh ii.iBtcrnhix^ iiaAnncHXi,; Bnpo- 
HeMi, 3ibi Biutju Bbimc, Hl.Mb 3TO orMacTii oubnciiMeicji. CxpainibiM-b aarfeMi 
HBJiaeTOi rpyubiii cii<»cu6'b C'l-aGpHKOBaiiia AByxi iioBbixb aurcK^BL, o koto- 
poMX obua pt'ib Bbiiue, 4ro Ma.io roBopiin. Bb iio-ibDy ApoBiiocni iiaMax- 
HHi;a. Mh'I; .iiimiid ii<ao;{pnicibno raKHce (mobi* %"1jS ub 1-oii, 3-efi xi 7-OH 
CTpoi;axi>. IIo 6bi.io obi iiLM)cn)p(»;i;n() iipii.tiiaTb cymocTuoBaiiie uoA-iora Ha 
ucHOBauiii ariix'b ii iim'i> iio,in6in,ix'i> iipiiMlin., bDiua iiMhKrrc;i iia .iiiue jpyrie 
cepbCJiibie npu.inaKii ina-ininKicriL Kairb-io MiicTora apaMciicKaro iiabiixa Ha^- 
iiHCu, apaMeiicKin n iiop(;n,i.cKi;i codcrBcimbia iiMeiia, Macrwo, npaBAa, 116061- 
flCiieHiii»ia. II ouiuiii ntUie()ri)a<MiMccbiii xapaiacpb iiucbMein*. 

IvT> coH;a,Ttiiiio, iioBtiiuice Bpoia iipcMrraB.iaerb iKioAHOKpanibie upn- 
Mtpbi «i»a.ibcii<MiKaiuii Bb paa.iii'iiibix'b orpac.iaxb ^ipeBiiocTcu co cTopoiiM 
AH)Xcii, Boopy;];einibix'b ii3Bl;cTiibiMb aaiiacoMi. cBlui.niii Bb iia:ieorpa<i>iii, dc- 
Tupiii n H.jbiKu.'Miaiiiu, u yiiorpcdiaK^iiuixi. cboii iiayMiibui lUK^iiaiiia bo apcAi) 
caMuii iiayK'I",. Ihvh iio^icMy iibiiit, i;a;K,u»iii pa:rb Koiua pt»ib 3axoAirn> Apee- 
iieM'L uaMaiiniKi., ]ipmBai)iiRMbiio iicooxoaumo y.iiiaTb: A'fciicTBineJbiio au axo 
dpeoniu iiaMjrriiHKb? Lly^oMb iia,;I>'iTbCH, hto ILMiiupaiopciioMy ^locKOBCKOMy 
ApxeoJornMecuoMy Ooiiu^crBv, KoxopoMy iipiinaAJoa;nrb iiiiimiaraBa bXj o6Ha- 
poAOBaiiiii ;ioKyMeuxoB'b \\\vh coupaiiia r. I^iay, Biiu.nif. yAacrca BbiacHHXb 
iiponcxoHaeiiio ^roro cooiiaiiia 11 iiocraBiirb cro Biit BcaKuxb coMirtuifi. 

A. r. 



IlanenaTaHO no paciiop>i;Keiii!0 IlMiiKpATorcKAro PyccKaro Aii\«M..n)rnMOf!Ki«ro (MliuecTna. 

Ci'i;}»eTapi. ip, II. To.icmoii 



\ 



:^.> 



HayiHHfl coofimeiifl. 



06'L aiiaf>CKOiiii> opifrmiavit ^^pcBoliiiinaro epe;^HeBtKOBJira esp^A* 

eicaro eoHUHeHla no pe.iurio^iHOJt (tiH.ioeo(])iu, Hailj^enHOH'b b% 

Hun, nyOjiH^moift 6ii6jfloTeK']&* 

Haei^TEO, mo cpej^BeBtKOBbie espeH npHHHiiajiH jsfbnresh' 
H06 yqacxie B"l J^'bJI'fe nepecaacHBaeifl rpeqecKHxt BayEt, 6mb- 
OEHX'B B^ xoAy y CHpifineB'B, Ha apaOcKym iioqey, HueHa eBpe- 
68^ Macspdofcaeautz^ cwHa era Mca, MamaAAa, Caut a^ft- 
TaSapu h ;ip. , saeeeeQU he nepsHa cTpaneuH HCTopin apa6- 
CKofl HayRH« ^To EacaeTCfl (Jajiocoijiii, to bt. eacTOflmee BpeuH 
B8eji'&;;oBaTejie corjiacaM h'h tou^^ qxo cBoeo5pasHocTL apaOcKoft 
idiicjtii cji']^;;yeT'Ei HCKaTb He wh nepHaaxeTHqecEBx^ niKOJiaxiy 
KyjitMHHBpyiomHXTj n% TaK't-HaauBaeMOMt AeeppousMn (ote 
nireHB $fljioco(I>a Aeeppo3CZ'Ii6m'Pomd^)t a bii nmojiax'B ^y- 
me»fa*i^«/3io^ h (Uh-Mymaauxa wh BocToqHoiii> xaJiH^arfe, xom 
B Tyxit ji^feiio ee o6oinaoc& 66si> BmHeiH rpeqecKofi nayicB h 
nDMon;H He-apa6cRBi'B y^eEiaxi>. yse a priori moxcho Cluo 
iipd;inojiaraT&, ^to h eBpen He ch^^'^jih cjosa pyse nps pad* 
pa6oTK'& apa6auE pejiHrio3Bo-$BJioeo4)CRHxi> ;^0RTpHH'b HaAana. 
H ^itficTBHTejikHo, qtHi> (SojiBHie ;(peBHe-apa6cKBxi> qcto^hh- 
ROBii no BTod ^aCTB Bbixo;;HT'B Bii cBtriif rbHi) Oojifiine ;ipeBHe- 
iyj^eftcKHX'B 8i[eMeHT0Bi> odHapysHBaeTca bi> naAaMfb ^ h Tbwh 
Coshmee KOJiH^ecxBo eBpedcRBxii ]iyx6RajiJiHM0Bi> cxaeoBHTCfl 
Haifi> msBidTEhiU'b ^ 3xo BecBua hohhtho DpH oopH^^K'b Ben:(efl 

* Cm. M. Schreiner, Der Calam in 4er jiidlscheo Lileratur (Berlin 189B> 
p. 3^-4. 

^ Mhoto 181 aiaxi bmob^ m osbo saflTi b% A'i:6j<* a!-Fihrist^ ed. Fliigel (Lelp- 
xig 1871—2), Bi A1(/ej^ at'Tanhih Mttcy^ii^ Bi> Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabi- 
conim, pars VIII (Lugd. Batav. 1895) p. 113—114 b t. ^ 



BM% ^ 



£U3^Hli[a CO0BIi;EH[fl. 



33 



Hi^'fe BocTo^Haro xaja(|)aTa, Bt Ba^;^a;^t, B^ IX a X 
a XX, Kor;ia 3toti» ropo;^ii upejkCTSLBmjii> coCoio, no- 
ia6Ho Eepraey BTopofl nojioBHHw nponuaro Bifesa, nacTOflniyio 
Stadt der IntelligeDz, r;tt b-b BMcartrex o(5pa30BaHObix'L ccfepax'B 
lipe;(CTaBHTe:rQ pasHui'b mROiii) h B^pOHcnoBt;(aHill nojiBBoBaiiDCB 
oo.THtfioiQM'B paBHoupaBieM^ H yeaseaieMX. HtKOTopoe noHHxie 
CBoCo;;* HacjitjtOBaaiH, rocno;icTBOBaBniefi To^;^a bi» HaBBaHBolt 
CTOJHIX'^, laeTt HaifB jiio6onHTeHft pascKasit o^eoro Ojiaro^e- 
CTHBaro MycyjiBMaHCKaro dorocioBa hb-b HcnaHin, BoctTaBmaro 
Bar;^a^B bi» Koei^t X Btaa *, Ha Bonpocii aeaKoiraro y A6y- 
Oiiapa HCei, - Ca;in (laKOBo 6biJo hmh 3Toro nyremecTBea- 
HBKa) CfsiBajHi jm ubx ea 3ae'fe;iaHifixi) KyTeEajiJHiioBB? — ob^e 
oTBtTHjri>: tff TaMB HpHcyTCTBoBaji'B ;^Ba pasa, ho ocxeperajica 
xo^BTB Ty;ia 6o:iBme. H botl noqeicy. Ha nepBOHB Bac'lfe;^aeiH, 
XBOiD noc^QieHHoifb, upncyTCTBOBajia He tojibkq HycyjiBiiaHe 

BCtrB CeSTB, OpaBOB'l^pBBIX'B n paCKOJBHBEOBB, BO TaRS6 H HB- 

BtpHBiet re6pw (napcbi), MaTepiaJinCTH, 5e36oacHHKH, espen, 
xpBcriaBe, ojibbmb cjiobomb, HeBtpyiomie BcfexB pojiOBB. KaK 

Ism cena HM^jia CBoero ritaBy, RoxopBifi ^(OJiHeH'B Gejjib san^e* 
niatB en peaariosBBiH MHtHiH, n Kd.mfl,u^ pasB, npa bxo;;^ bx 
aajy aacit stasia o;tHoro bsx bthib rjiasB, Bc*fe irpHcyTCTByiomie 
BOjCBHIiaJlECB CB CBOHXB M'JkCTB BB BHaEB nO^TeHiH| H H6 Ca^H* 
I iacB, noKa 9totb FJiaBa He ca;(i!J!CB. Ko^;^a sajia ciajia nojiHoft 
BoetTnrejiflMH, ojimB'h hsb HeBibpyioniHXB otkpbijib BacJ^j^aHie 
k cst^touiBUE cjoBaMH: <Mh coGpajsHCB Bji,±c.h ;pfl pa3cy2c;;eHifi, 
Hb bbi saaeie ycjioBm; bbt, MycyjEBuaHe, He Mosexe hphbo^^htb 
JloiriiniTfiiii I Mil floqepriHyThrxB b3b BaaieS rhefh (AjiRopaHa) 
Hfl ocHOBaHEBixB Ha aBTopnT6Tlj Bamero npopoRa, TaRB RaRB mbi 
^ae BipyeiTB hh bb to, hh bb ;^:pyroe. IIoceMy KaajtBifl bb'b 
BMCh jtjQ^mewh orpaHHtTHBaTBCH apryireHTaMa qeJiOB'feqecRaro pa- 
iyMA>, Be* npHcyxcTBOBaBinie anjio;^HpoBajiH ero caoaaMB. Bh no- 
EBMaere (roBopHTB Ady-OifapB), qio ycjitiniaBB TaRyK) ptqt, a 
OaaBiiie He noc*majiB axoro co6paHifl. Mat, o;;HaRo, npe;po- 



^ Jounial Asiatique, joiUet 1653, p. 93 (fi% eooGmeBlJi ^oai}. 



13 



/ 



r. 



34 BooxoAi. 



\\ 

V asHJiH no6BiBaTB bx> APyroMi coCpame, Ryxa a h ornpaBfutcfly 

HO Taicxi noBTopHjicfl TOTi* SB caiiuft cKaH;^aji'L>. 

TaRafl CBoCoAHaa aTiioc^epa ycHJinBajia ckjiohhoctb bocto?- 

Huxi eBpeeBi saHnnaTBCfl (|)HJioco(I)iefl) npHqeMi iCHorie h8% hhxi 

yBjeRajiHCB eio ;(o oTpei^aHifl pejiErriosHBix'B BtpoBafliS, RaKi 

Hanp. Xhbh ajB-Bajixn (or. 670 no P. X.) h aPm ^^^ onflTB- 

. ■ TaRH no;(aBaJiG hobo^i'b orpaHErqeHHUMii jhoahmt* cqnTaTB daHflxifl 

; $HJioco(|)iett npeAOcy;(HTeJiBHbiMH. 

; KaRi* BHAHO HBi BBe;ieHiH Caa;(iH FaoHa Ri* cBoeMy RJiaccH- 

qecROMy TBopemio cKHHra s'l^poeaHifl h pejiEriosHBixi MHtHltt», 

8T0 xaoTHqecRoe coctohhIb ysiOBi* no(!)y;i;0Jio ero npeACTasHTB 

; CHCTeMaTETiecRoe HSJioaceHie AorMaTOB-L iy^aHSMa, o6ocHOBaHHBixi 

I npH noMom^ ;i[ortpeh7> coBpeMeHHott eMy (|)HJioco$iH (KaJiana). 

! Ho aTOTi* FaoHi* He Guji'l e^^uHCTBeHflbUfB, a tojibro caMBiMii 

• BJiiiiTejiBHBiMi H BaacHtfimEifB HBi* i^tjiofl njiefl;(bi eBpeeBi-MBi- 

: I cjiHTOJiefl, DOCTaBHBniEX'B ce6i^ ROHeqHod i^'I^jibh) corjiacoBaHie 

I.. I eBpeflcRaro Btpoyqeeifl cb TorAamHefi 4)HJioco$ied. TaRi* oahhxi 

fi I eBpeeBi-MyTeRaJiJiHMOB'L X-ro B'l^Ra, no HMenn JJ^aeudZy BHWb 

,; i HBiH* HaB^cTHbi Tpoe: nepBuft — ^aeudz aAh-MynaMMucz^ nn- 

;' caBmifi He nosste, a BtpoHTHo panBme 20-x'b rr. X b. (o hbitb 

' ! y Haci ptqB nnace); BTopofl — Jfaeudz aM-EyMucu^ coBpeMeH- 

. . ' HHRi apaGcRaro nncaxejifl Macy;i[n ^ no CBBji;'l&TejiBCTBy roto- 

paro OH'BSCHJi'b bi> lepycaiHM'b n yMepi* wh SS^-mI) ro;(y rH^^spu 

(945—6 no P. X.); o TpexBeMi ace, J^aeudtb Il6m'Mymadoicfb 

(sHJi'B He noBse 2-od nojiOBHHBi X b.), nMi^excfl CBH^^i^TejiBCTBO 

xpHCTiaHCRaro yqenaro hsi* EarAa;(a, no nMOHH Hca H6H'B-3apaa, 

qTO OHi* Gbijh* h37> eBpedcRnx'L MyTeRajiJiHHOBi» h rjiySoRaiTB 

HucJurreJieMiy ^. 

Bi HacToan^eS saiftTR'^ mli ocTaHOBSMCfl Ha nepBoicB H8% 
3THxi» eBpettcRHXT) MyTeRajUHMOBii, Ha JI|aBH;(t Hfinii-MepBaHti 
HSBtcTHOMx uoji.'b npo8BaHieMi» AAh'MyKaMMuc^. ]ifi nocxtj^Hflro 

^ Cm. Bibliotheca Geographer u in Arabicoruin, pars YIII, vh BumeyKasaH- 
HOHi Micrft. 

' Cm. Munk, Guide des egares I^ 337, note; othochtbibhu BpeMeai xpi- 
CTiaHCKaro nHcarejia (cocTaBHomaro TaKse nojieMiqecRoe co^. npoTiBi eBpet- 



^M%-^ 



■*«fr^v 



HAFqHUa CO0Bm£BIfl. 



35 



BpenaSH H6M^ BMtJIECB BeCbMa CKJJlEbia E CCffBqHBUH H8Bt- 

CTifl He^aBHo Ke hemii y;iajiocL sHa^flTeJiiiHu ;ionojHHTb 3th 
mB^ain rslerumb, HafiABBE&iiiH bi» co^HHeHin Rapaaica HKOBa 
Aifc^KBpsBcaHH (oBcajEii B'b 9a7 ro^tyaoP. X.) ^ ConocxaBJiflH BCd, 

JIOCBTB nOp'LHBB'feCTHOe 06'BAiIE-MyiLaUiniC%(;ULe KpaTROCTMMM TaR*B 

iYJtjbM% HasbiBaTB ero), hu oojiyqeiTB cji'fe;tyK)myio KpaTKyio era 
6iorpa<J>iHx. Po^omii ohi. Gwji'b hsT) ropo;ia PaKKa B'b Mecono* 
raMiH, H3^ Tora cauaro ropo;(a, rJ^i SHaireBBTMfi xaiH^i 
Fapye^'AppaniHAii HMtJi'fc cbok) cTOjieity. J[iih y;^oBJIeTBOpeHis 
cBoeft jKaac;;w kii sHaHito, obx nucTyBHiri. yqesHKOM^ k^ xpa- 
maHCKOMy yqeeoMy Bt ropo^t* HecHGHH-B (no rpeqecBH J/ecw- 
ftwrs), no HMeHH ffana (= Nonnus). Ecjth b*phtb KapaHifairt, 
TO osaseTCBf no J^aBBj^i. sa Bpenn CBoero o6yqeHiH ^^asce npE- 

BSJE^ XpSCTiaHCTBO^ ^eU'b B'B paBBHHCKBZ^ HCTO^HflRa&'L HB 

ynoMHHaeTCH. EeJia ;ionycTHTL» ^to yqarejit ^aBB^^a, Hana, o 

KOTOpOITB KapRHCaHH rOBOpHTL, TTO OHT, 6HJI1» (JmJIOCOcJjOM'E, MB* 

;(BE0M'B H BecBMa nnqHTaeMBiATB tfeacAy xpucTiaeauH ropo;ia He* 
CB^fiHa — HBRTO HHod RaKB HoHuycz^ apze;iiaROH'B bsoSbt^ 
CRoft Kf^pRBB 2 oaeaieHHaro ropo;^a (ok. 860 — 860 no P. X.), 
oCTaBHBinill h^ckojilko oojeHeqecRBXi, TpaRTBTOB'B no Corocjio- 
Bifo *y TO JierEo 6y;ierL noHBTb RaRHMi> odpaaoM'B o HameiTB 

][SlBE^±, HMtBmeM'B MHOrOJl'&THiH CHOmeHifi CB XpHCTiaBCRBMl> 

j(yxoBHuii-B jiHi^oM-B, HOMO cjiosHTBCJi npej^nojioseHie a npHHH- 
TiH HM-B xpncTiaHCTBa. Ho, KaKi» 6u TO HE 6BiJro Ha cqerB BTora 

BDEpOCa, 663C0MH'IbH0 E3B']^CTH0, qTO BCH OECaTeJlBCRaH jijks- 

raiBBocTB Hamero yqenaro CBijia nocBflii^eHa yRptmieHiio iyia- 
EBHa Ea EayqEQM'B ocHOBaEiH h OTpaaceHiio Hana;ioRi> eaoBibp- 
qecsEx^ UHCaTejefiy bi> qeifB, eo e;(BHorjiacHOMy oTSbiBy pas- 



csmro aarreiiaTiEa Bimpa 6. «pHHxacaBi S97 fio P* X.) cm, Sleinshn eider, Po- 
lemUche Litaratur, p. 146—149. npe/^aojarABmeecff xoMecTBo oepBaro J(aBBAa 
CO BTopum (Mnnk, Melanges p. 474, note 1) hjb cx ipeTBHisi. (Steins cLneider, 
Hebr. Uebersetzungea, p. 378), HyHl oKOHqateibHO ycrpafleBO. 

^ Hastcrifl KspKncaHi (hi BoeMi. HiAaBii), crp. 259—260, 306* 
' spiCTiaocBofi flKo5rrcB0i cetri (r'^ipr^n) MyKanMircx yaomiHaen bi 
eo^KBaBlH, lEOTopoe coCTaB4AeTi npeAuerii HacTOHmaro o^epKa. 

• CM, W. Wright^ History of syriac lileratore, Londoa 1894, p. 205— 206* 

12* 



36 



Bocxo^tt. 



nwECKVix'b H KapanMCKaxi* aBTopoBT>^ oHii BecBMa xopomo ycQ%* 
BaJi'B. 

J^ojiroe BpeMH JI.aBBji'B Ajit-MyKaMMHCL 6ijjii HaB'bcxeB'B Bib 
BBpeflcicofi jjHTepaTyp* tojibko no ;iByM'B i|HTaTaMi», Bo nepBuxiy 
y paflBHoa Baxia H6Bi»-BaKo;tu b-b npe;iecjiOBiH Kt ero coqnHe- 
eiio: 2i7pbH pKi£) '»^K *T«in*7K (pyKOBo;iCTBo ei* odHsaeHocTaifb 
cepj^ua; b^ eBp* nepeB. m^^in in^in), r^t MCHc^iy ^^pyreifa pe- 

JlHri03B0-$HJfl[0C0<|>CKHMH TBOpeHiHMH 0E% ynoMHHaeT'B TdKace B 

fDpoSK 2HP^ (coqHHeHJe AjiR'MyKaMMHca; bi> esp. nep. SHa^HTCff: 
^pDn iBo), ^ OTKy^a eentaE 6him ysHaxB j{B.me co6cTBeHHaro 
HM6Hn 3Toro DHcaTejia. Bo BTopuxt, y Ie;;aiH IleHEeH (Be;i;a- 
peraH), Bii ero anojioriH co^HBeHifl MaftMOBH;^a h CBticKHXT. Ha- 
yK'B BOo5me (m"?X3nn noD), ^pe;^CTaBleHeoft Bapne:ioHCKOMy paB» 
BHHy CojioMoey HGa-B-A^ipeTy *, roBopHTcfl cJi-fe^iyiomee: cP. 

JI.EiBE^'h BaBHJIOHCKifl, BpOSBaBHUft AjIE-MyRaMMBCli, aSTOp-b CO- 

^BBeaiH, HasBaHBaro qo ero HMeHH, rji'fe obi> CTapaercH npH- 

BOJlBTb ^^ORaSaTeJIbCTBa B% nOJlE>3y HaB'I^CTHhlX'B OCHOBaHlfi Btpu * 

B onpoBepraT£» MHtHia u BOBpaHeeiE eeB'i&pyEon^ex'b^. IIpHiieMib 
neeHHH opHcoBOKynnfleTT,, ^to o speMeBa JXaB0;5a h eme ojiHoro 
y^eearo P, locBtfa eify Bt to^hocth HeeaBtcTBo H^iff Q^!:2n *5Bn) 
,(11^33 ojci irS^'K 3?mi Bt. 1714 r'>;iy HSB'feeTHbjfl etMeuKift ra* 
fipaHCTB H 606jiorpa<})t loaHHt XpacTiaa^ BojiEtJi, HaneqaTaJi^B 
C09. RapaHMa MopJ^exaa KyKHaoea (KOBn;a XVII h Ha^. XVIII 

B. , H HBt 3T0rO COtlOBeHifl CTaJO BOepBHe EaB^CTBO, ^TO II03;t- 

fii^finiie EapaHMBi opBCBoHBaioTi^ namero ^aBH^a cBoefi cesTit h, 
Ch oOHiHOfi y KapaBKCKHxi* nHcaxejiefi deanepeMOHeocxfeio otho- 
CHTeJIfcHO ECTOpeqeCKHX^ ^^aKTOB-B H JIH^•B, X'fe'JJ*^^**^ 6^0 yqe^HKOMt 
BemaMHHa Ha^aBeH;^H *. YTBepH^^eBie KyKB30Ba noBTopsei*B 



* Cm, m^. BesjiKoCs (Leipzig t846 r.), CTp. 6. 

' Pecnoecbi P. Cojouoiia H6HvAjtp©Ta (K-a^^in n'^w), M 418, 

■ no jipji^My TreaiD: bi nojTBay ocHOBHHift iSBicraol eipn (niioirTi ^«n«^ Si? 

* Notitia KaraeoTutn (Hamb. et Lips. 1714) p. ll5=>3Tio ^^ (Wien 1880 
1 10 B.) : pi^ *ii (TDpon) f Dupon m ai'yi . Hctoibikoiii eiff ciyauuo pyionHC- 
Hoi co?^ nvD noD sapaRMa MoHcea Bamfl^fl (yii. bi 1572 r.). 



HiyqaHfl cooEa^KQfH, 



37 



•HcaiaR^ JlyiiRifi K Bx 1836 r* Cujio BaneqaTaBO rpa- 

Iuj^Boe TBopesid sapaHMa Fa^^acn Edit KoHcraHTHBoiioJiH (oojiob. 
Xn b,)do^t> sarjiaB. ^q2T\ h^^n, vjifk npHBo;iflTCH ^Bt itHTaTW h8t» 
eo^. J14LBHA& Ajib^M^RaiiMiica o eop6ttcRBxi> ceKTaxi) ^* «3aT^ui), 
C. ^. HfimaTTo o6eapo;tQBavi^ BTi 1847 r. SBaqeTeJTfcBwe otpbibeb 
MVh eBpeflcRaro nepeBo^a coq. JlaBBj^a no;(i» sarjiaB. <JlBa;maTE 
raiiD%> (tcHD o-Tiyy) ** 9th otpwbkh JlymiaTTo fldBieKi hs^ py* 
KonncBaro KoifMeBTapia e^ Ce^epz-Imupa HcnaHCKara paBSHHa 
If JSM II(5B%-EapaHJiaH (KOBua XI h Bai. XII b.), * KOTopbift 

npBBQJlBT% TaRSe HtROTOpUB, eUJ CatfOM7 COMBHTea&BEJB A^H* 

BUS eaaie)rb Ajb-MyRaMMBct. FoBopfl o5ii aHTpoBoifop<I)B3if axi» 
m» BH6j!iH, II(5BT»-Eap8HJiaH npo;(OJ[maeTi>: <Mu HaniJiE, qxo 
ojxBWh II3ciItJ^0BaTeJrt cocxaBBJi coqaBeaie o6t> 3thx^ npe^Me- 
T&xii, H wb Ba^aJi*& ero cEasaHo, ^to obo cocTaBJieBo ^aBHAOM*B 

MBTB BaBHJOHa, BpOSBaBBbllfB AjIb-HyRaifMHCOMl>. HaM^ (BpO^UJE* 

jKaerb II(5Eii-Eap3HJiaB) BeHsetcTBO, (yMSHt jib btotb aBTopi> Ha'B 
taoHOtf^f ao ifki cjiwniajiH, qro P. Caa^^ia (TaoBi») bha*jx'b ero, 
6hiJ% ero coBpeneBHBKoMi. n y^BJicB y Bero, tojibko mo Hbi He 
SBaeif'B ^Toro BojoHCBTe^iBHo* «. 

kUocatABee Bhipaacesie mosho TaRsce nepeBecTB (RaR'L 9to h 
ca:*aaJiB HtKOTopwe BOB'feflmie uecaxejie) ^: cH oat (t. e. Jl^aBH^) 
6bui> coBpeJdeHeaROMt ero (P. Caa;iia), h yiHJica y Hero (y P, 
Caa;UB Ke)»; ho TaROd nepSBoj^'K jimneaii ecTecTBeBHocra a 
aiiTpy;iBHTeiieH'i> bi cTHJiBCTaqecKOM^ oTBomeHiB. Kt Toay, opo- 
AafiB;ia DBcajui bi» 30*xi> (a MoacerE 6biTEyace bi> ^O-xii) rojiaii. 



= en. O'pit nnn (Wien 1830) f. 21b. 

' Cm. -^sn Sarit Tajiaca (E§iiaTopia 1836)^4. 41,ai(liaa. 96 6yK8a hh aJ(J)aB. 
98 CpTBa "i; auai asBtcTHO, "yto ra^iicB laKxe saaitCTBOBajii y Knpaicaaa. 

* Cm, o-rp nia^^n (AMcrepiaMi 1847), crp. 71— 78: LileratyrbUtt dee Orients. 
i$47. crp. 618 H cj*;t. 

* 3iv)rb KOMMOBT. 6uii> Haae1dTaH^ C. X. Faifc^epuiTaMOM^ ("Bapitfli 188&) 
rii Ttai« otspubki aoMiiueey aa crp, 65, 77 -83^ 151 — 152. 

* Cm. Dtp nyyhn ctp. 72; LltbL d. OrientSt cr. 6I9;CommeiitarzamSepher 
bxlra. p, 77. 

« MexJ^f npoqaMi « TpeTnii (CiescL d. Juden V, 285), r^t HaxoT^arca paa- 
flya AI^Ttfl BeBlpaua AoraAFta OTBocarejbBO Aib-MjKaHiinca 



BocxoKh* 

X cToatxia, ^TO ero coq^aBeeia fioMsymmcn userhcmnacmhfo^ b 
uoceMy OH^ e^ea-JiH Mon» Cwtb yqeHHKOjn> Caa;^m TaoBa. IIpH- 
6hbhm% eiqe, ^to npn cpaBHeeia u(3o0xi> coiHHeQifi, JI,aBii;:ia a 
Caa;iiay iterKO ycMoipi^TB, ^to nepBoe H3^ hhxi» npHHa;^:feauiT'E 
6oR^e cTapofl Hay^Hofl cTa;iiH h±ut> BTopoa. A TaKt Kast bs 
coqaaeHinxii 0500X1) 3tbxi> yqeHHZ'L b'^t'i EHKaEdx^ HaHeKOB'b 
BsaHMHOMii ax-B seaEOMCTB'fe, TO B-fepoaTHte Bcero, qto npaBe- 
jlfiEEUfL y HOHt-BapaHJiaH cjiyxt JEameHt HcTopaqecsaro ocho- 
BaeiH, a Eor^^i P. Caa;i,ifl Cmii'l opnsBaa'B bi> BaBHJtoHuo juta 
saBariH ;^ojiacHocTH eao^/ai JI^aB0;ta AjiB-MyKaM&taca, Mosex'B Gbitb, 
ysse He Chjio B'h jREBbiTh. 

Bii BB^^aHHOM'B Haofo nepBOM^ OT^'lJife H31 coq. KapKBcaHB 
npo Hamero Ji;aBH;^a ^ roBopeTca ciit;iyiomee: cBot'b pascKaa-B 
J^ay;^a H^at-MepBaaa ajiB-PaKKH o npoacxoacieaia xpacTiaH- 
CKofl pejiaria* J^ay;^^ aTori, asBtcTHbift Ilo;^'B npoaBaaieiTB 
aAb-MynoMMuc^^ 6hji'b ^hjioco^om'b; b-b aaqaji^fe Obu^ ohi» 
iyjieeM'B, sartM'B npaHJun. xpHCTiaacTBo b'b ropo,nt Heca- 
(Saat qpeai* nocpe;ieTBo qejioB^feKa, HueayeMaro Haua ^ STorii 
nocjit^lHifi CiHJi'B noqaTaeifB 1£%may xpacxiaHaMa, TaK^B Ras^ oa^ 
6HJn> (}iHJiococl)oiii» b-b coBepmeHCTB*, a opo^eccieft ero GBlJia 
MejlHUHfla. JI,ay;t'B ajiB-MyKaifMHC^ 6bijii. ero yqeHHEOM-B BDpo;^oJl 
meHi6 MHorax'B ji'bT'B a y3Hajii> ocHOBaHiH xpacTiaHCTQa a era 
TaflHBi, a oTJiaqaJicfl wh $HJioco$iH. SarfeMi. Jl^ay^ti, cocTaBaji'^ 
ABa coqaBeHiH, wh KOTopBixii oe^L BospaHaj'B npoTHB-B xpH* 
cxiaacTBa; coqaHeaia dTa o5iiiea3B']^cTHBi* Ohi. oepeBejii> Tanse 
BBS coqaBeaiJt xpHCTiaH'B a ax'B K0UM6HTapieB:B (aa cb. 
IlecaBie): ToAKOQuum kh, Eumm ^, EOTopoe oai. aadaajn^ 



< HsBicTifl EipKBcaae (1894) CTp. 259—260, 306; cp* TdKse Moe ipuose- 
Ble Ki III T{)]i7 co^, rpen^a bi eBpeficKOMi nepesoAt (BapmaBA 1894) crp. 
498—500, 

' Haa Nana j c£pllCKBXi> ipBcriaBL caoTBtTCtBOfitiJio laTiacKoiiy (■ 
rpe^ecKOMy) BMeaa Nonnus. Ca. Buiue name npe;^aojoJceale o tou^, kto Taicoi 
6ui% 8T0TL iiaaa. 

■ B-h orpMBKi lax BBe^eflifl KonueBTaplfi bi kh. Byila ea apa6cK0ii% asuai 
(Bi pjKon. Hun. oj5jB^Boft 6M6iioTBv^ me), soTopyit m Ecefi BtpoaTHociB ops- 



HASniHBId COOBn^BHIfl. 39 

Kuuty comeopeHXHj ' h ToAKoeanie dKKAeciacma (rh. Eo^ 
leMtnz). 

BoTb Bcib A&HHUfly HMtBiniflCfl Ao CHxi* nopi» HameMXi nH- 
caTejrb. Ho o rjiaBHOifB ero pejiHrio3Ho-(|)HJioco(I)CROM'L TBopeHiH, 
KOTopoe nuiei'b bi HCTopiH eBpeflcRofi jiHrepaTypu en^e to bb- 
moe BHaqeHie, ^to oho otrpujio coGok) i^'6jili& ipaji,i> BascHBixi 
TpyxoBii no 9T0fi qacTH, mu BMt.iii BecBMa ckyabuh CB'I^A^Hifl, 
a HMeHHo, Mbi BHajiH no n;HTaTaMi> Hi^Hi-Eapanjian bI} enpeft- 
CRoiTL nepeBo;^^^ coAepsanie IX, X u oTqacTH XVI rjiaBii. Ho 
STB i^HTaTU HaBeJiH nnmyn^aro sth ctporh na oTRpuiie 6ojib- 
mefi qacTB pyRonecn apa6cRaro opHrnnajia Me2K;iy ccKpoBHU^aMH 
Hmh. nyfijinqH. 6B(!)jioTeRn. 

OanaqeHHafl pyRonncs co^^epscnrL 65 ji. BocToqnofl 6yMarH; 
iHCTbi BTH irfecTaMH noBpesA^Hu oTTi ;(peBHOCTH; naqajia, Rom^a, 
H Bi* cpe^BHt pyRonHcn neAOCTaeTi), npHqeifL o;(HHHaAiiaTB 
rjiaBi (orb II ji,o XII) coxpanHJiBCB bi ni^jiocTB (sa HCRJiioqe- 
HieM-B ^0BpeK;^eHHHXI» m*ctt>), oti> I h XIV ne coxpannjiocB 
Haqajo, a wb XUI n XV He^ocTaeT'L Roni^a. 

Hpej^CTaBBMii SA'l^cB RpaTRifl o^sopT) coAepsanifl clpxpaHHB- 
maroca cb H'6cR0JiBRBMa npHM'^qaniflMB. Bi* I rwiaB'6, naqajio 
Koero BM'fecTi; cb BtpoHTHbiMi* BBeAenieM'B ^ ne coxpaHBJiocL, 
TpaRTyeTCH o RaTeropiaxi* a npHBojiflxcfl MH'^Hifl pasJiaqHBix'B 
(fHaoco^oBi HHxi: Apucrnnmejb no^i oOoBHaqenieMi Myd' 
pem ez coHUHeniu Eameiopm (D«m:i''0«p ^fi D^2nS«), Ilopfpupitl 

Bl HcaiOlTb (^JUND^K ^t DVTD11B), H paSHHe $HJI0C0$W 6681 



BSAiesHTb TaBze KepKHcaHiM, nesAy npo^HMi CBaaaeo: ^jlayAi IK^Hi-MepBaei 
ai&*PaBKi, iBBicTHufi n. Haas. aAh-Myh-aMMHc^^ cocraBHii no ToiEOBaHiD rh. 
EuTia npeEpacHyD KHiry, KOTopyD ohi nepeBeii hsi KOMMeflrapieBi CHpiftiieBi; 
ToiLRO HTO OHi vicTaifH HeAOCTa^HO pacnpocrpaHaeTca Tarn, ta^ bto TpeCyerca 
;(ia oCiacHeaia leKcra, a HHor^a Hao6opoTi, ohi npeai-^ypi pacnpocrpaHaerca 
Tain, r^t bi btomi Hini HHKaBofi HaAoCaocTH". 

* T. e. Liber Genesis. 

* Ha cymecTBOBaHie BBe^eHiH yKasuaaeTi oxea iiHTara y II6Hi-Bap8Biii 
(Commentar p. 65), fa^ HAen piqb o padAiiieBiv Haym; cm. npuMiqaHie A- 
Kayi^MaBBa, rani xe crp. 336. 



40 BocxoA'B. 

o6o8HaqeHifl hm6HH. 3to oScTOfliejiBCTBO, sapoqeHi, hvckoji&bo 
He roBopHTB h-b nouBsy iipnHa;iJie}EH0CTH Hamero'aBTopaK'BnepH- 
naTeTHqecKOft mzojitj xota oht> ynoTpefijifleTii TaKsce ^hcto- 
apHCTOxejieBCEifl BupaaceHin ^, TaR'BRaK'B HSB'bcTHOy qTO n neonjia- 
TOHHRBH apaficRie MyTBRaJijiBMiii saBMCTBOBaJiB ;(iaJieRTBqecRifl (j[)op- 
MH , ynoTpefijraeMWfl bi> Ortjaiumj Topical AnaUjtica^ He npHMbi- 
Raa o^HaRo ri> apncTOTejiHSMy. 

Bo II rjiaBt H;ieT'B ptqb o nosHaHin h HCTHHt, hxii cyn^- 
HOCTH H Ra^ecTS'^, H npHBo^^HTCH apryMeHTjbi npoTHBii yxsep- 
»;^aK)I^HX^, qTo seaHifl bobcb HtTi {^V vh i^Kp Dip \h), 

III rjiaBa xpaRTyexi o cymecxBOBanin Mipa, fleMOHcxpnpyera 
npoxHBi, oxpHuaiomBXT, Hacxoamee ero cymecxBOBanie d^kj^'^k |h) 
(iTp^n'^Ka miiDi D''^, BtpoaiHo npoxHB'B neppoHHcxoBt, hjih se npo- 
XHBTb xeopin IIjaxoHa o HeCMTia nipa cero (BcatflcxBie nocxoBH- 
Haro ero HSMtfleHifl, tc [it Sv) ^ h ;^0Ra3MBaexcB, qxo oh-l cocxaa- 
JieHii nsi) cy6cxaHii.ift h aRn.Bj^enxoB'B. OxntxHifB MBMoxoAoifby 
qxo b:b npBMtpaxi aiofl rjiaBU npBBo;iBxcH Mes^y npoqHMn: 
qepHuft i^B^xi) a6BccBHn;a h 6fbAbiu uemm CAaeHuuna (tkid 
**3MSpD'?Kf^fe(^3rE73n'?fe(); oGuRHOBeHHO apaOcRie nncaxejiB onHCUBaiOT^B 

CJHaBflHl RaRl> KpaCHUXl, pUOiCllXZ HJIH pyMHHHUXZ JIH);(6fl ^. 

Bi, IV rjiaB* ;ioRa3WBaexca, qxo aH^H;^eHXH Haxo^tarca 
xojiLRo Vh npBJDLoaceHiB Ri> cy6cxaHii;iBM'ji h He HMtEox-B caico* 
cxoflxeJiBHaro cyn^ecxBOBaHiH, a cy6cxaHiiiB, HaoGopoxi), hm^eoti 
nocJT&AHee. 

Bi> V raaB* xpaRxyexca oxomi, qxo RaR-L cy6cxaHn,iH, xaKi 
H aRUH^ienxBi ne npeAB'^^Hbi, acoBAaHU, npHqeMi nojieMHRanpo- 
THBi npHBep2KeHn,eBi> xeopin o BtqHoft Maxepin (^^'nSna pi^ p?) 
H npoiBBi ^tyajiHcxoBt (pjn«'?x nKn^s). 

Bi» VI rJiaBi asJiaraiOTca BEpaxni Raqecxea BcejieHHoft h ea 
cocxaBHUxi> qacxefi. 



* Kasi Hanp. nipStcn (bi bo3moshocth, hi noTeHi;iH— xars ojvaaiv), Sj^B^n 
(hi A^t, Ha caMoin> ;('bit~[x3T* eveoYscav), H AP- DOAoOayfl. 

^ Cm. Zeller, Philosophie der Griechen t. n (1889), cip. 643 ci. 

' Cm. moe CKaaaHlfl MycyibMaHCKixi nicaTeieft o ciaBJiHaxi ■ pyccBix^, 
CTp. 5 — 6. 



HAJtIEbUI COUBmSHlB. 



41 



B'B Vn oaB'b aprnqaiiTcfl aprjiceHTH cymecxBOBaHia Bora 
■ eod^taaifl Qui* aceieHHofli h onposepraioTCJi HH^fimH ca6ifli;eB*B 
(rr^t^i*) H MaaHxeeBt (rp^KjoVK). StoA raaB* cooTBtxcTByeTi 
aepBMfi oTjitji, B% co^BHeeiii Caadiu FaOHa uo]i,*h BarjiasieMi). 
Knuia eThpoeaniil u peAutioanuxz MHtbHiU = r\^i:v\ rmoinn 'o) 
{rmxpr^m nK3*c!D»S« :}«n3, v^'h yqeHbift aneapaTi Coraqe h o6- 
mapB-^e; k'B rouy, y Caaj^in hm'I^iotch MHoro^HczeeHbifl i;HTaTU 
181 Cb. IlHcaHia, RaKOBBJH i^HTaTH coBepmeHHO oTcyrcTByioii 
wb co^HHeHiH AjiB-MyKaMMHca. TtMt HHiepecHte CyAett o(5- 
CToaTejibHae cjiiiqeHie oGoaxi. 3Tflxi» ;ipeBBMraHX'L eBpeficKHX^ 
TBopemfi no pejiHrioaHofi (t»E[jioco(|>i0 h BHiBceeHie Bcbxi* nyHRTOB'E 
cxojtcTBa H pasjraqifl Mem]i,Y hhmh. 

Bi ym FJiaBt padCMaTpBBaexcH Boopoci o e;(BHo6omiH b 

iope;((rraBjaK)TCH oopoBepaceBm jj^DKTpuwb cBL6iAiifiB%, ;iya^iHCTOB^ 
m xpHCTiaHCTBa. StoA raaBt cooTafeTCTByerfc BTOpofl ota'^'b bw 
ineoaHa^eHHaro oo<i. Caa^ie FaoHa. B^ tomii M'bcT'6^ r^^ Ham'B 
aBTopi» nojieifBSHpyerL npoTHBi> xpucTiaHCTBa, ohi> ccHJiaeTCB 
Ha Apyroe cBoe coqHHeHie, cneiiiajiBHo BocBHn^eBBoe 9Tofi noae* 
MHK'6, rjifb roBopHTCfl o6cTOflTejiBH'fee saTpoHyTHxii 8;;'fec£» nyHK- 
Taxi. 

Bi IX rjiaB'b TpaKryeTCH BonpocT> o cymaocTH eEa^ecTsax'B 
OosiHX'B, B ;(0Ea8UBaeTCH, ^to ri> Eory npoM'l&HHUbi tojieko 
orpHi^aTeJiBHBiA, ho He nojiomBTej^BHUH RaqecTBa* HanrL aBTop'b 
npHBHCbiBaerB j^ase btot'b npeai^iinii ApHCTOTejxio, OTh HHeHH 

KOerO 3T0 OpHBOJlBTCB TaKHCe H (i}0JlOCO{|)CKBM'L MOpajlHCTOM'B 

Eaxiefl Il(iH'L-6aKo;iofi ^ EOTopyfl, oo Bcefi BtpoHTHocTH, daHii- 
cTBOBaat CBOK) HHTaty y AJit-MyKaMMHca (EOToparo oh'b i^hth- 
pyert bo BBeAeniH). Ho ;tora;tK* MyaEa *, 9to MatHie (Smjio 
npaBHCWBaeMo ApECTOTejdio no Tofl npH^as-fe, qTo at era Mema- 
0ti3untb HacTo BCxptqaiOTca oTpaiiaTejiEHwe enaxeTU b-b npa- 
iffeHeBia K% nepeoMy dGuiameAio* Ho Bipate ape;];oojraraxfc satcxt 



1646, crp. 72); apa6cKtfi TeKcn aroro vtcra npiiBuAQTca My&Koxx (Qiiide des 
^gir^a I, 289 note). 

* Guide d&s ^ar^, rani ae. 




BOCXOR'B. 



CL KaycJiMaHHou^, ^to Btovh npBHi^Hn'B Sna'B hcho BUCEasaH'B bi 
oAHOMi HSi nceB^oapHCTOTeJieBCRHZi) co^EHeHifi, Bpau^aBtnHxcfl B'B 
TO BpeuH Ha BocTOK* (bt* TaKt HasiiiD. fneoAOiiu Apucmoma.m?). 
Ho KaKTi 6u TO HB (SfcjJio Ha cqeTi. aBTopcTBa SToro MH'femfl, km 
SHaeMT), TITO OHO iipoxo;tHJro ^pea^ naTpHCTHqecKyio HHTepaTypy H 
^pea-b coqEHenifl apaCcKHxij MyTeKaaJiHMOB'B (y KOTopwx^ oho Hasu- 
Banocb ^DJ^K p''iC3, nyTB oxpHaaHia), h oho rocao^tcTByext TaRSce y 
fidfext ooqTH eBpeftcKHX^ (IiHJtoco$oB^ BT. cpe^Hie B'feKa ^ Bt 3T0ft 
rjiaB'fe TaKHce BCTp-feqaeTca nojeHHsa npoTHB^B ^lyaJiHCTOBTi h xpK- 
CTiaHCTBa. HeaoaHwft z He coBC*in» ToqHHfl eBpeficKifl nepe- 
BojtT. STofl rjiaBH Haxo;^HTCJT y H^H-B-BapsHJiae *. 

X rjiaBa TpaKTyert cnenjajBHo onari. xaKE o CoaEtmxTb Ka- 
qecTBaxi), npH^eMt npHBo;iaTCfl Bospamesifl npoTHBi aHTponoMop- 
$HCT0B*B (nniKffD^M) H xpQCTiaHCRBxii HHcaTejiefi, HSi) KOHxii aa- 
Topii ynoMHHaeTt oj^Horo no EMenn rpuiopiii (DrTp^ia), no 
Bceft BipoflTHocTH rpiiiopiil EotocAOdz (HasiaHscKifi), hjih ae 
JTpmopm Huccniu, KOToptie o6a schjh bi IV cT0Ji*Tie noP» X. 
Bt KOHi;* r;iaBM aBTop'B roBopeTi*, qTo o 8aTpoHyTbiii» s^tcB 
Bonpocaxi) 0Hi> TpasToBaJit b^ jipyroirL cBoeiTB coqEHenia uojt.'h 
sarMBieifB Muuia o pasjuHinxz (ceKTaxi.? i\i:hH ^s Hnnro). 
H6Hi»*Bap30jiaa npHBo;iHrB eBpeflcKift aepeBo;i% eaqajia aTott 
rjiaBH a, npaqeMS naTaxa oKaaqEBaeTca BecBiia neaoBKo^ h(So 
oHa ociaHaBitaBaeTca Ha Bonpocfe h hb npEBoj^isTh OTB^Ta; 6*6- 
poHTHo Tyn* HaIo;^HItca aponycEii b-b pyKoaacH. 

B% XT rjiaBt paBCMaxpHBaeTca BOHpocE b% qacTo MyTCKaa- 
iBMCKoifL BRyct, a HueHHu: HoqeMy Eor% cxaji^ Ham[!Mi» Bo* 
roHi}? CoqHHeHie nainero aBTOpa nnqero He noTepajio 6u^ 
ee^raOii nacToantaH rjiaBa OMJia BcsjnoqeHa. BnpoqeHXi He caiil- 
jljeT% Ba6BiBaTB, ^To BecBua ptj^ste oEcaTejiB ctohti> BHine 
cBoefl aooxH; rpoMaj^Hoe me OojiBniEHeTBo ;iame TaJiaHTiiHBBini 
aBTopoBTi ujiaTarb HeBOJCBHyio j^ebb CBoeny BpeMOHE* 



^ Cm* mom npa^afiieHls ki eap. nepeao^y ucTopiia Fpeq^a r« O. PaCuHOBflqa 
(1. V, ctp. 15—16), r;ji npBBejieBia Bci sti Mtcra, 

» Commentar zum Sepher lezirali (Berlin 1865) p. 77 seq» 
= Twb me, CTp. 82—83, 




HAyqHbifl cooBniBBia. 



43 



I 



P 



I 



Bii Xn rjiaB* ^lOKasHBaeTM, iro Bon co3;^aJl^ Hac^ ji;m 
jiomsH, a He ^la Bpeji^Sk, upe^eicb oupoBepraHyTCH HH'i^HiH npfl* 
sepseEt^ee'L npe^onpeA*JieHifl (h-djcSk), (SesycJioBHwi^ neccH- 

MflCTOBl) B OflTHMHCTOBT,, H npH 3T0MT» CJiyia-fe aBTOp^ paCKaSBl- 

Baerb 061, j^BEOwb ^ncnyrt, KOTOpaft oh'b mutiny bi> ropo;;^ 
J^auacRt ch o;i;Bflin> npocjaBJieHHwifb MycyjitMaHt^KHjrB yqeaHM^ 
acKeroMt i'^^^), no UMeHH IIIa6u6z AAb-Bacpu {''^t^iH T2^^ ko» 
TopBifl Cbij'b npEBepaceei^eM'B ji,qkt^zeu OeaycJioBHaro onTHMasxa. 

Bii Xm maB-fe npHBo;;aTCfl apryMesTw bx noJii,8y cyme- 
CTBOBania npopoqeCTBa h npopoKOBB, npHqeifb onpoBeprawTCji ;^o• 
Bo;^BI npOTaBHAKOB-B npopoqecTBa, aHMesHO OpaiiEBOB^ (nonw^uSH). 
Bi» Hamefl pyRonBCH eozpanHJiocB tojetlro Haqaso 8T0fl raaBLi. 

Bi XIV rJaB* nc^acjiflioTca npHSHaKH HCTaeHaro npopoqe- 
qecTBa h bcthhhbjx'l opopoROBi, npe;iCTaBHTeJieui» koexi* hb* 
jjieTCfl MoHceft. Bi> sioft rjiaBt, Ha^ajio KOTopofl He;^ocTae^L bi> 
Hamefi pyKonncH, ixHTHpyioTca MaHHxeH, Mapmom (p^pio, hb- 
B'^CTHBift rBOCTQKTi II cTOJi'^TiH BO P. X.), E co^EHeEie caMoro 
tBTopa Kaxeropiax'fc (poio^n ^^ hk'jwpdSh py ^e K^nKns). 

B^ Xy FjaB'fe, saqanoMib Koxopoft oEaHqEBaeicfl HamapyRo- 
DUCB, TpaRTyeica noBejitHiazij h saapeTax'B 5oje1hxti. CjI^- 
XOBaTejBHo, dTBMii nocjitAHEVB Tpeuii rjiaBaM'& pysonECE co- 
OTBtTCTByeTi* ox^cbjii) in BTb co?HeeQiE Caa;iiE FaoHa, 



Bi BfameynoMHByTOM'B coqEHeeiE Ht^eii^BapsEJiaE ^ npHBo* 
XHTcfl BBpedcRift nepeBo;^^ Haqajia XVI rJiaBH, oTKy^^a mbi 
ysflaeMX, qto xaKi xpaKTOBaJiocB Earpas^emE sa HcnoJHeHie 
fioaKiEXT* 8anoBt;^efi e HaRaaaEiE ocJiymHESOBi. axExi* aaooB'b* 
;^eft. TaREMii oCpasoMi, axa r;taBa cooxB'fexcTBOBajra uT;t'fejEy V 
Wb coqBHeeia Caa^iE. 

Il3t ojtBoro M*cxa Bt coqBHeHiH mxKn!3*?K 2i«n3 MoBcea HOaii- 
dapBi Mbi ysnaeHii, ^xo Aajb-MyRaHMecs TpaRxoBaii» b^ Ha- 

CT0flII]^6Ml» C0qEH6HiE XaRSCe HBESHtHHeifOCXE MoECe6BHXl 8a- 

soHOB'b (p*Kir*?K iDJ ^b) ^, ^o;^xBepm;^eHiB BxoMy a aameji'B b'b 

* Commentar p. 65, 

^ Cm. Steinsclmeiddr^ CataL Bodleian., p. 880; ero xe Folemiscbe Litteratur 
103: Moi Stud. Q. Mitttb. HI, 42, npiit. 115. 



Bociofl^. 



cJtosax'B Bamero asTopa b'b kohi;']^ Xn rjEaehj, r^'% cKaaaHo, qro 
h% cjat^yfomaii* rjiaBaxi> ohi> (5y;^6TB TpaKTOsaTb o D0fieji'6BiHX'& 
H 3anp6Tax^ 6omnx% h o Bonpocjfe: Moryn> Jia ohh Cht^ HSMt- 
eaeMbi bjih HtrB? (k*? qk pKjnn cji^nD" ]h nj"* "^ni). 06% 3tom^ ace npe^* 
weT-fc, KaETb HBBtcTHO, TpaKxyexoa bt> III oTjt'fejit co^HHeeiH CaaAUi 
FaoHa; ho bti EaKott bb% noojthji^EEX'h 4-xi> rjias'L cBoero co^h- 
Heaia AjiB-MyRaMMQCb pasc&raTpBBajiii axoii Bonpocx — Bi sa- 
CTOfln^ee Bpeua plimBTb eejibSfl. 



BoTt* Bce, ^To HaMi. HbiH* H3B%cTeo ;ipeBe*fliiieM'j> tbo- 
peein no pejiiiriOBHofl (|)HJiocoi]nn, cocTaBJieHHoS cpejiBeBtKOBBiiCB 
eepeeMt, Ji,o chxii nopij Bamfiiiifl Tpyjii. HOHt-re^Hpojrfl (Aaai^e* 
CpoHa) no;iTi sarjiaBieut ^HcTOMeKii hhshh* (Fons vitae)| He- 
;^aBBO BHmeAinifi bti csibT'L bojihbim'l HS^^aHieMt *, c^BTajicji 
e^lHHCTBeHHhiM'fc (|)HJioco(J}CKHM'b TBopemeMi, B'B BBpeficKoft ilHTe* 
paxyptj r^t* peJiHriosHoe HcnoBt;iaBie aBTopa He BBirrynaen> 
Hapyacy *. HBiHt najiofiHo DpHOaBHTb h HacroHtnifl $iiiioco$- 
CKifi xpy^ix AifB-MyKaMMHca, r^t* ^^ caMWx^ nocji'feAeHX'B rjiaBx 
B'fcpoHcnoB'fe;taHie aBXopa noqxH ae oOHapyHBBaeTCJi, h rji'fe im~ 
XHpyroxcfl (qacTO, npasxa, ^:m onpoBepffieaia) qjiee eeeBpeflcEi^ 
KHHrH. Ho Bceft BtipoflTflocxH, BOflBJieeie TBopeaia Caa;im raoHa, 
r;^* HcnoBt;^Haa oKpacKa BHCxyoaex'B xattt penBe^ao h r^* 
pajlOMi. CL HHos-fepawMH iJiBJnocoflmMa xaK-B iiacxo ixHxMpyioTca ehjite 
Cb. necaHia a paBBBacaia coqaaeaia, cpaay oxoj^BHByjio Tpy;5^ 
ero npe^mecTBeBBflKa aa sajieii njiaa-B a MaJio no Majiy no- 
Beprjio nocjitAHi^ bi» 3af>Beaie* 9to ma otjCToaxejifccxBO Gwao 
npHTiHHofl xoMy, qxo a BbjmeoBHa^eaBQe coqaaeaie M6e'B-re6H- 
pujia noj!B30BaaocB ropau^io (ioaBmefi aaBtcxaocTBio bt, aeeapefl* 
CREZ'B yqeBBix-B Kpyraxi), qifeMT> b*b eBpeftcKflx-B. 

Ho bhob/ oxKpBiTaa at Hmq. nyCSjraq. ^SaOjioxeK* pyKonact 
Ba^aa ji^ia aac^B no pa3aBiH% npaqeaaifB. Bo nepanx'B, KaJTL 

> B% nepBOMi> TOMi BeUrage zur Geschicbt^ der Philosophie de^ MLttelal- 
iers upo^^eccopa EeSaricepa (1896). 

- Cm, Helnze-Ueberweg, Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie, Th. H 
(1681) p. 198—206, Tjifi QpHBOABTCfl Maisie MysKS^ loejH i jip, o6% arom. 
npeAKerk 



HAyqHbifl cooBiiiBBifl. 45 

nepBeeei^i eBpeftcRofi pejiBriosHofi $BJioco$iH bi» cpe;iHie Bi&Ka. 
Bo BTopux'B, RaKT> AP^BH'l^flniee, BtpoflXHO^ H BO BCJiKOHT> cjiyqaib 
oj^ao B8i> ;(peBH'lkfiaiHxi> coxpaHHBmQxcfl a^a HacB co^HHeHifi no 
apa6cR0M7 Ka^aMy Boo6ii;e. B-b TpeTBBXi, no paanbiMi o6cto- 
flTOiBCTBaifb SEI3HH H Tpy^oBi Hamero asTopa, RaROBUfl oOctoa- 
TBJBCTBa HHi BnepBbie ysnaeM'B nsi) namefi pyRonucn, RaR'B 
Hanp., qTO ohti 6Edjii> bi JI^aMacR'fe n ^to oht> BMtjii> (Iibjolocoi})- 
CRoe cJOBonpeaie ct> Mycyjii>ifaHCKHMi> yqenbiMTi, no BMenH /Z/a- 
6u6z AAh-nacpu. YsHaeM'L mm xaKHce 3ar:iaBifl ;^ByxI> coBep- 
meHHO BeHBB'fecTHWX'B ;^o cHxi, nopi ero coqnHeeifl: inab'K^finKna 
H Po:cSk ^^:; rwSNps'jw p;; "d 2^«n^, h no-iyqaent, csepxi cero, ^o;^• 
TBepa;ieHie nsBtcTifl, qxo iiMt 6ujio cocTaBjeno cnei^ia-ifcHoe co- 
^qBHeHie nojieMHqecKaro co;iep2caHifl npoTHBi> xpncxiaHCTBa n qTO 
oni* padcMaTpnBaJi'B BonpocL o HensMtHBeMOcxfl MoHceeBUX'B sa-* 
KOHOBi. OOcTOflieJiLHoe Hsyqenie HacToamriro TBopenia Ajil-Mv- 
KHMMHca GeBCOMotHHo oOoraxnT'L Hamn noanaBifl MHornMn noApo6- 
HOCTflifH, OTHocflminMHCfl Ri> HCTopin nepexo;^a BayRi* Ri^ apafianii, 
Kh HCTopin cpe;(HeBtROBofi {[mmcQ(\}m h K'b ncTopin HayRii BOo6u;e, 
H (|)HJ0C0't)iB Bi oco6eHBocTH y oBpeeBi). HacTOHn;i& ace RpaT- 
Kift oqepRi» BMi^eTii m'^JiLio oOpaiHTB BHHMaHie cnei^iajincTOB'B 
Ha 8T0 sairbqaxejiBHoe coqnBeHie, cocxaBJieHHoe B-h rohii;'6 IX 
HJiH Bi> HaqaJii^ X B%Ra bi^ MeconoxaMin, h oxRpBixoe qpesii 
i^-bjioe TBicflqe.i'&xie M6ac;^y coRpoBHuiaMH cxojibii;bi na fieperaxii 
HesBi! 

A. TapKaBu. 
CeaTfl5pi, 1898 r. 



J • 



TOPRlilll OIPEH RMHlTBi 



(H3i> mjm ebfeSckbh cektah). 




^ 



A. fl. TAPKABM. 



BLinycKt ii-fi. 



c.-nETEPByprb* 

tmat-axnTft^lm A. E. Jlaajay. Oiont. Bo.ibm. Teaipt, 1. 

1908. 



-"ym 



floaBOJioHo uenaypoH). C.-IIeTep6yprb, 25 AiiplwiH 1902 r. 



Ho HOAopasyMlsHiH) bI) oTTHCRaxT*, HaHHH&fl th 23-eft cTp., ocraB- 
Jiena narHHauia acypnajia Docxodz. 



Crp. 1 npHM. 4-H3p']^HeHie Ha-b lona HM-beTT) Meupu (BaeAeHie bi* 
Tp. A6ofm). 

CTp. 3, B-b 9-oft CTpoK']^ CHHay, nponyn^eHbi cji'bA- cJiOBa: aojishu 
CfauiH noAopBaTb aBTopHTerb AuaHOBoft Knmu aanonoBh, 



IcTopH^ecKie o^epM KapaHMCTBa, 

(B3l 9TI0A0BI EBPEflCKKXl CEKTIXI). 



If.HicjtAOsi Aiftia. Paesoju bi» patKaJt. 

§ 1 . nocJiib cMepTa AHana, ro;(^ h iftcTo soHqHHU Roero Hena- 

IvfeCTRU S HOMHHaJlBHHHl> TiiaBOK) AHaBHTOBli 6mJI^ 6r0 CblWk 

Ociy.rs, EOTopHfl, BnpoqeM'b, sHaqercfl tojileo b'e reHoaitarHqecKHxi 
cuECKax'B rJiaBi> cesTBi, h oTh Roero o^BaKo bo caxpaBsuxocb oh 
oj(Horo ^ocTOBtpBaro HdpeqeBifl ^. B'l cyn^ecTBOBaHiH ero sejiLSfl 
oAHaso conBi^BaTBCfli TaRi> EaRi> RpoHt RapaBUCRHx^ reHeaJio- 
rtmecKEX'h cBHCROBit, upoTBBoptqanxErB b'l pasHuxi nop^pofiso* 
eraxii APrrt ;ipyry, h bombmo ynoMUHoeema yconmux% {Tm^^ 
WTb RapaBMCRofi cy66oTH6JS JiHTypriB ^, wh Roropoe Tasise BRpa- 
ncE pasHBiJi BecooGpasHacTHy o BeifB yBOMHBaeT'B TaESEe hcto- 
pBKB AopaaMz MOm-Jl^aydz, RaKt o6i» yqacTHHRt Bt ciHSMt *• 
Kasi 6iii TO HH 6B2JiOy HO HB o;:(HBi» HSi ^peBHi^finiax'B RapaBic> 
cmKTh BBcaTejieS se yooMBBaerB, npn HcqBcJieHiB RopH({)6eB:b 
.aoefi ceRTU (RaRi* Hanp, ArobIi EHpRHcaBH, CaJDfOH'B MCh'L- 
lepyxaifB, leiJEierL H6bi>-Aj[b h JkP }f o Cayjik, h BC3L^fl,% aa 



* Mu BV^H Bume (11^ § 2)^ ^to Depeceieale AoBHa b% lepycaitn — 
WQwAimB9 i3o6ptT6Bie; cv. airxe. 

< B% ojtBOMii Tasi-aaauB. BctnynAtum (noipb), eocTaBidBfloic'& 6yjT0 898 r* 
D P. X. I DpBQieyBaaiioifi CaiMOHy II6fl-Iepyx&My (j HiHCKepa p\ crp. 62) 
■fnaoXlTCa i^rraTa on^ bhbbb CayAa\ ao □o;^oxHocTb osaa^eBaaro BcmyttJttHtM 
JIOBSiiniaeTCfl MesA7 ^npoHHMi -rlatt. o5ctobt6Jbctboi[i, ^to Tain> npBBOjiBTCfl 
ASyxt^apada/c^ Fapyuh^ jKirBinifi os* ISO-H jtn nocit Bumeoiaa^ieB. roj(a, 
xan* nosolflHaii 

■ CiL MoiBTB. Hairy no o6paAy KapaanoBi, b3^. lUiaiKaaa (BiJ&aa 1891) 
t* I, crp. 399. 

* Cv. n^yvfx t-ro i3A- Heft6ayepa I, 63. UpinicuBaeiioa ABpaaiiy H($a-33pt 
iq)efBBt6 (samcTB* isi losa 7, 9): n*?y» k*j 'yiitr it p fyn p)? nSa — ae- 
antcTfio MBi aaii AP6BHlx^ bcto^bebobi* 



AHaHOH'B novtmaioT'E BeniaMuna Heiaeendu & HcMauxa OnOapu^ 
wo BO BcaKOMt cjiy^at yKasHBaeTB, ^to cwffb epeciapxa He 
£toj!rB80BaJ9[Cfl HHRaKHin> ;(pyrHMi> 8HaqeBieMi> cpe^o ceRtaH* 
T0Bi>, KpoM* o$4'fli];iajiLearo THTyjia i^aeu AnaHumoaz^ yaacjrfe- 
;^oBaHHaro nwb or& oma. To se caifoe cjit^yerb CRasaTL h o 
BHyK* Anaea h cmh* Cayjia, o raaBt lomiattf (locia), o koto- 
poiTB E9% KapanMcKHXt nBcaTeJiell ynoMHHaioT'B tojilko leiyda 
Fadacu h Apom StiKOMudio \ a hmh ero ^^aace He opHBO- 
AHTCfl Bi jiiiTyprHqecKOH'L ynoMUHOeeniu yconmux^^ 

BByTpeEseui paaBHTiH ceRiM sa 9tot'l nepio^^ BpeBieHV 
He Euieica y nacB HMKaRHxi} np£ifBiii> cB'6;itHifl. Ho TaE% 

KaRIi Bli IX BtR-i^ UU BHAHH'B, ^TO OoJIEmEHCTBO UpHBepa^eH- 

^eB•B pacROJia HocarL yffie HasBanie KapauMoe^^ a Auanumu oto- 
ABHHyTBi Ha 3a;ieifi QiaH'B, to hsi dToro o6cTOHTeji&CTBa Momno 
c% ;^ocT0B*pHOCTI^H) saKJJio^HTB xojit paBBHTia HOBaro pejinrioa- 
Haro yqeHlfl, xoth h TyTi> To^iHoe paBrpaHHqenie ues;^ of^'feHifH 

rJiaSHHITH OTpaCJIHMH CXBSMBI BeCEtfa SaTpyjiBSeTCa H6T0?HUH% ^ 

H pacHJtHBqaTMio» coocoOoMi* Bupasemfl wh sapanHCKurL hcto«i-^H 
HHRari), paBBo RaEi> h iiaoacecTBOM'B npoiieisyToiiHBixii $palc^ift ^ 
¥eac;iy osHaqeHMHifH OTpacjiaMH RapaHifCTsa, Ci» Rpyroft cTopoew, 
fiMCTpoe pacHpocTpaHeme Hoc.i*;^Haro no BCtMX eBpeflcKHMt o6mH 
BdM% BocTOKa, HpeHMyii^6CTB6HH0 wh IlepcJHi r;i'6 ir paH&me, bi 
BpeBffl A6y IIcM h lO^raaai o6Hapy^HBaJiac& oHOOBHi^ifl Tpa^ 
^ioHHOlry iy;ieficTBy— Bcao xoKasbiBaeT'B MeccioHepcRyio ^t^sTeJis- 
HOCTB H jtyxt ropaqefl ^po^a^aa;^H, oxBaTEBmia aoBbix'b pacRojiB- 

HHROB-B. IIoCTapaeMCil BWaCHHTBj aacaOJIBKO 3T0 ;i03BOJIHI0T'B , 

c&y;(ocTi» H cBoeo6paBaaH TyMaHEOCiB HCToqaHRoB'b, o6a yKaaaH- ^| 
mie itoMeara bii nepBBid n6pi0Ai> KapaHHCTBa; npaqem hu 



* Cn. ^t^n *?3tP», J. 98 B^ eokh* 258-ro aji^aBHTa: nSian la ^3«fo w p v^^ 

i^inpn |?iSn (y Iliacsdpa n, 106) aaiHCTBOBaj'^ y FaAaci. ApoHi HesonHAio, h% 
6-oft riaat D^rs mo hsi co^. hj? p (i, 144") nimeri: ,«, nitfi*n n*ap3 o'ist nasa 
nit^asi aroni onj^ai imoi .on iSm .o^'^an nwBt it'an p^a K^ran in'B'>t'"n_ 
}«3p3i p«nip3i; f B6ro saHHCTBOBaii HiinH Bamam bi in^Htt incite, bi> sa^a 
o*ri iTD (1. 80 B). Ho 8T0 Moaerfc 6uti> lociM U (locia-MoBceil); cm. ElBflcie- 
|ia, %%1 B% npm. 



vpesxe pji8ciroTpmi% asDtcTifl o paajiB^HMxib H6JrEHT& 4^pA9^ 
nUirb pMSKOifty oSpasoBaBmexcji nocjrb AnaHa BM^BnTuxE 
foja&o 3(]^eMepHi>flt ycntxii u spaTKOBpeHeHHoe cyiqdCTBOBaEie. 
§ 3* Mm BHjitaH BBinie (III, § 8)^ qro ocHOBaxeJiB Rapaaif- 
er&a, b% bbab^tw ycn-fexa oBoefi ceRTBi, nocTyciiJii aEJieKTH^ecBV 
m, erapaHCB co6paT& nox% CBoe dsauE ocraTSti pasEBix'B otiao- 
Miipoflflbix^ espeficBBX'L ceKrb, Boio^Haik BI1 CBoft 3aRoBo;!(aTeflfc- 

HBJft EOJieaCT, pa3BFiie 3aK0aiiI H oOpBJkU ^TBX^ csktb, h tto 

ExaBHiiiTb HCTuqHHKoui, o^HaEo, cayacBJio 6My paBBBBCRoe aaKO- 
BOBtjttele, oTsy;^a OBI saHMCTBoBaJE'b, Rpou'fe MBo:RecTBa;[eTajrefl, 
oaMoa rjaBHoe upy;iie ;tJia TOiiicoBaBifl Cb. IlBcaBiH u j^nsi B3BJie- 
%emB noTh eero BoBtiixt aaRoHOBii, a HireBBOy paBBEHcsifl bomo- 
BasoBirtiecKiH H aasereTaqecRiB npaBi!jia(n>iD). Mbi BH^cfejiB TaR^e, 
Kasii BeyM'^peBBoe ynorpeGjieHie yKa3aBBuxi> HaMORaEOBBqecKBrb 
apasH.ii> qncTii j^uBojimho AsaHa ;^o a6cyp;(a B Obiiia upaqBHoft 

]rB<)rfir& daQpeTOBl. B OTBrttBTaaBBUX^ 8aR0H08^r BeB8BtCTBhir& 

pa66aaciTain> a cocraBJiiiBmBX'b cepBeaayEO noifbxy b'b hbbhb 
AflnOBTuBii* Ci: TaRHifb aojio7EeBieiff'i> Ben^Bfl pasBopo^^Bue 

dK^MOBTbl HUBoft CeRTfal MOrJIH npBHflpBTBCH TOJI^RO Ba ROpOTROe 

Mp^MH, BoRa niira 6opi*6H 3a cymecTPOBaaie ct> o6ii^Bif'& npoxHB- 
BVRoifb, CI ;lpeBBHlr^ iy;leftcTB0M^. Kaa'B tohbro jrb X'&jio cauo* 
ctx>BTej!>earii yqpearj^eaiH pacKojia Ohi^io BfitHrpaHo h uojiY^mm 
t^BKum MycyjikvaBCRaro DpaBBTeJtdCTBa, ecTacTBeHBfirM'B o5pa- 
BfOWh ^ujiHCBa 6bi;ia BacTyoBTb peaRi^in b% axoifb OTBomeHis; 
(hurbd TpesBoe oTaotneHie ri> npoasBOACTBy h TOJiRoeaHifO pejm- 

f(aaBbtXl» SaROBOB^ Cb OAHi»fl CTopOBMH Rl>SB8B6BHbIIli DOTpefi- 

Boermrii — c% ;tpyrofi, T'feu^ Oojrte, ^to caifb ^Kafia, RaRi» mu 
nmx^n BNOie (III, § 8), opeAAosBJri> cbohmi nocii'fe;(o6aTejiflM% 
BB ooAaraTbCB Ba aero b cauBicii Bce HBCJX'fe/^oeaTL. IIo BceS 
9tpoBTBacTH« apaBepaceaAfal Aaaaa, h31> no^Toaia Ri ero jh»i- 
bqcth a npHBaaaaaocTH ri* jnouy BRCBJiapxoBii, ae aoscejiaJiH 
BH^rynBTb ct, oTRphiTofi nonoBHuieft npa ero mnaea h, 6wte 
lroseT^, TaFcace npa ataasB ero cwaa aBayRa. Ho sa to, BCRop-h 
oocjt aroro BpeMeau^ aa^aiocB cajibB'ie ^^BBHeaie uemji^j C4jk- 
taBTaMB a CTtiJiB o6pa30BUBaTi>cH pacRojau bi> caMOMii pacROJiib, 



— 4 — 



ESI ROHXi, Bnpo^eMii, Goir&iiniHCTBO HC^esjio nocjo^t KpaTEaspe* 
MeHHaro cymecTBOBaHiH. O^^Hoiry me bs'b hbx'b, HapauMcmeif wh 
ttcHOUii cMKCJitf cys^^eeo Cujio b3Htb nepx^ HaA*^ Bci^HH a 
CB TeqeBieM'B Bp^iieHs oKOHiiaTejiBEO aaH^HBTL coOoio nepeoHa- 
iiaaBHyio cesry AnaHumo&z. Ho ^^a Gojite B'l^pHaro noEHMaEia 
HCTopniftCKaro xo^a Bt pasBBTia KapaHiiCTBa He al'6;^yeT^> npe- 

H66peraTB H CB%;^'&HiflM]3 O ICeilKHX'B OTpaCJlilXB paCEOJIOB'B IX CTO* 

jtTja no P* Xp. 

§ 3. 0;^Hofi HSB BBi;iaioii^excH 0Tpa(^JIe& nepBOHa^ajiBHaro Ra* 
paBMCTBa 6Brjifl ceRTa OKGapiH (0K6apifti;Bi, 0E6apHTM), no ea* 
BBaBiio MtcTEocTH OnGupa (0jih3b Ear^a;ia)r oTRyj^a npOHCXo- 
;tBJiH ocaoBaTeJiB ceKTW h ero Baea^bj^HEKB, n rj^* npeBirynia* 

CTBeEEO SEJIE HXB EOCJltAOBaTeJIH, EAHECTBeHEHMB rJtaBHUMIB'l 

HCToqeHROMi oSb STO& ceRT^ cjiyHBTB ynoMEEyToe coqEHeeiaj 
KHpRBcaHH '; ra;tacH *, MaKpHSH ' h ;ip. * He npnOaBJiflTOT^. 
HH^ero cyn^ecTBeEHaro. OcEOBaTejieM'B ceETbi Ghji'b HcMauAJ^\ 
AM'OnOapu^ coBpeMeEEHR^ BeHxaMHHa HaraBeH;;H. OnCapu Epa- 
flBHiiB CBOK) A^ETejiBEOcTB BO BpeMH npaBJiBHifl xajiB^a Ajh* 
MomacuMZ'EuAJiaxu (834—842 no P, X). 

KHpRBcaEBy OTHOCHE^ificfl K'B OnGapUj RaKi* Boo6n]ce ro BctirB 
OTRpBiTo BHCTynaBmEM-B npoTHBB Anana^ KpafiHe BpaHJtefiEo, 
B£i;^a6TB HcMaHJiy TaRoft EOiiecTHBifi aTTecTaTB: «Boi[Bniafl uacTBj 
ero (0R6apH) cjiobb noxosLa sa QesyMie h rto xoitBRo es'b^I 
jtiOAeft pa3cy;iHTeJiBEHXB cjiymajiB ero^ B8;^tBajicn Ea^'B HBjn»» j 

HeCMOTpH O^^ERRO Ea 3T0, OBB 6UJl% B6CBMa CaKOEajfeflH* 

EBiMi* '" npa Bceii-B CBoevB BeatacecTB*, h(5o oe^ yBBacaji-E 
Auana b-b cbohxb co^HEeBiExi, h npe;tcTaBaHJiB ero rnyn* 

I^OMT,. PaSCRaBBTBaiOT'B HeMB, TOD OffB EpBRa3aJIl> CBOHITB 



* HaBftcTlfl KipRHcaei (bi» uoeiii i3;^aBli)i crp. 284—5. 314 — 19^ pfce. 

nepeB. crp. 268—271, 

* CUr iBsn S^&it, I. 41, aji|)&BBTii 97 Ct^yKBu y a e), 
■ De SaCYi Chrestomalliie Arate, 2 la^. t, I, ctp. 116* 
^ TaKi Banp. b%. oTpuBffb noieiu^ecRAro co^HaeBia npoTBBi KapaevoB^ 

CaaA^H faoaa, bih ero y^esBKa, u B^ sapaBHCKoiti TpairraTt o j^ossoieHli 
fnorpe^ieBlB iiaca sapikiiia (XIY, bjii XT b.) sameii a HtBOTopuB veiBU 

IIBiCTLB, KOTOpUB BpiBOJiaTCil BISO, 

* BysBaiiBo: ob% ^pesBu^affBO yABBiBJica caifOMy ce&h^ 



— 6 — 



trpEBepseHiiair&, Bor^a cvepTB ero npsGiHSHJiacB » eanEcan 
■a ero xorai^fi: KoMCHuua IlapauAR u KOUHUiJ^a eto (II kh. 
I^apCTB. 11, 12) *. Bt> ;^pyroMii if*cT* KnpKKcaHH roBopHTi npo 
dToro epeciapxa: tY eero HHosecTBo caifBix'b Bpeji(BBix'By caicuxB 

^CHHXli H CSMhOly j^pHbTZl* HSpeqemfi, H np0 9T0lf1> OWh Wb 

^eBOBTh co^nBeBiBTh qacTo nopnu.aeT'B Auana h othocbti ero 
X& ocjiHHano;(o6HBi]rB h rjiym^aui^^ ^. 

O^eBHiBo, tiTo KapanMCRiA nHcaxejib oTHocHJicfl TaE'B CTpora 
m% HcMaujy OnGapu tojilko no irpHiiHB'6 KpaflHe HenoTTHTeaiB* 
Baiv> oTBomeHifl nocji']^;iBHro R'E r^raBi^ RapasMCTBa, h6o iipH Gjih* 
Jttftm6vi» pascMOTp^HlH npccmynuun MHtmiii (""Imdo) HcMauAUf 

jspWBo^mihix'b y KBpRBcaHH, oRadbiBaeTCji, ^to bth HH^Hia bo 
oiTL cjry^aib ne xyse, a Hi^soTopMfl, no^KaJiyfi, h Jiy^nid 
iCH^feHift APFTHX'L epeciapxoB^ topo BpeueHH. Bot^ qia KspBH- 
CUB npHBo;tHrt otb nMeeff 0K6apuma. npas;i6 Bcero JIcMauAHf 
spej^cTaBitaexcfl BecbMa pib^iRHM^ a^h To£fc sboxb HsjieeieifL, a 
HMeeao, ob% saHznajicH 6fl6jidftcRo& RpaTHRofl b^ ay^^ cauo- 
EOB'feftiiiaro BpeHeHH, Obii A(>i^cBajrb pasHbia omEGo^Hbifl ^TeHifl 
B% MacopeicKoM^ TeRcrfe *, b bi, aTOAfb oTeomeHifl iipe;^ynpe^HjrL 
Teflrepa, IHoppa h Tpeiia Ha atJioe THCfl^eJitTie. SaitMi* oh-e 
oisepraat BCBpaBJieHHwa iTeffia Co^epood (^^p) b^ Cb. IlHcaHiB 
H e^BTaJTB BtpHBiiTB nBcaHBBiH QTeHlH TeRCTa (I'ra), ^TO onBTb* 

^aSB BaXOJlBTCJI B% CBHSB Cli 6r0 BOBBp-bHlflMB Ba 05oXenpBHHTMt 



* Borfc TCKCTb KspKacaai (bt. noemi. Hs^aaii CTp, 264): ikjkj? ij?a liiai 
**»»%* Wddk DMb insm .nVSwa oirnyoSH oinit 'fi -|Sti 'la^r^Jit 'j'STOOh 
assp^M in» nVnapo |H3 naKD xin ;?oi .ns mn^ ms'^poSn 'ip i»o pD njfDO p^ iiaaVn 
tvrrjm noS niitn«»t'? Sup mn naj? 'ani Mponro^i n^na 'C j k a k y uifno' nii«S nonaa 

.rttf'ici 'jHittf' aa*) map ^'yy nna^ ix n*tDiW 

•. CjoBa PtHpiicaHi riacarfc {b% Hoem. aaji. cnp, 315): S^Kpi* [S^yoonS] nSt 

fOOan I it 3 « y a'yn nanis ^b nne* nSn po \m nn*<n:i'?«i nspSni i«ofiW n^i*n3 'fi nvfo 

* Tasi B^ xa. Eurm (I V, 8) ohi> npH6aBjaj[i>, iioAo5ao LXX ToJKOBHifKaMi 
I eaiiapirruaaiii, ciosa: mvn H'ii mp; bi kh. Buna XLVI, 15 oht. Maiaji. a^phv 
tr^m an. fffb}tn*htf (no uataiBliD CaajiiH Faoaa i H6B-^apu, bi> chbti fiKifi^en 
i ca«^ HKoai); ai HcxoAt XVI, 36 obt. qaTal^ iSsk^ cm. ^'tdk; bti Hcxo;|t 
XX, la ofl^ Hcapasjaji n^V»pr» nit q^^dw bk. D»«n, TaKi>KaK% roioca ciumaii, 
a ae aaABu. Kapaacasa BucKaauaaerb apeAa^-i^&^HiOi ^o nepB]fi> a aociiA* 
D]OD DonpaBEM TeacTn OflTaKaazifl Oa^api saaMCTBoaaiii j CaMapaTflaii. 



MacopeTCRifi TCRCTi ^ SaT'l^M'b RX npecTynsHMT) ^I'^aiiii UcuauAa 
0K6apxi KflpKHcaHH othocht-b eme to, qro epeciapx% nosBoaaJiib 
ftcTb Bii cy66oT7 QpHroTOBJieBHOe HBofi^pmiuB^ saEii Banp, s&* 
peHBHe GaduHMUHU^ h copBaBBBie bi> c;66oTBifl j^eni^ i^pyETiii ' 
a T* n. Cji*;ij"erb saMtTBTB, ^to 0R6apB npocTo cji'^AOBaJi'B 

B% 3T0irB nyBKT'6 MBtHlK) paeCaBBTOBl* BTi TaJIMy;!*, ;^03BOJlBlO- 

Bpixii ooubSOBaTBCH Bt cy65oTy t'Imb, ^to HHOB'bpi^M BsroToa* 
JU3E0TT» He no saRasy espeeB^, h v^^ aejiBSB ope^^eoiiaraTii, ^ro 

8V0 HHOBtpi^M HU'&JIB B'B BB^^y cObIT'B TOJIBRO fldB^ICTHBIlfB eBpeHlfb 

(i^a^n HDT t<D0) ^ H oai* oxBeprajii CesycaoBBHa aanpeTHTejii- 

HBIB CTporOCTH AHaHBTQBl H RapaBMaBl> BIj 8T0«1» OTBOOieiBiH «• 

Haqaaa BOBaro wfecBita, no MHtHiio McMat^a OnOapu (npoj^oj- 
saerB KBpEBcaHH), c^;iyeT'B cqeiaTB co BpeMeHH poscAeHia 
HOBOJiyBin, t. e* c% xoro MOMeHxa, Kor;ta nocji^^aee oijtibjifleTca 
OTi» coSHna, H TOPAa, yTBepac;^aji'B oh-b, BacrynaerB BpeMs (bobo* 

ir6CB?B.) MOJUITBBI H m6pTB0IipBB0III8Bia | XOTfl 6hl OBO 6BIJia 



* KBpKHcaHH roBopiin cjtiywmee (b* iioeii* ma^. ctp. 315— 5): V'3?dd» |ic 

l^"n , nniMb i«^>i m hq *^3? ]^n uH »*«?» sxnaS** ^ p oyi nij* im SipS*t nn?i fps 
mm Sao .m Bf n K » a D 1 p 1^1 apjfa jita hjk ny? rnj« hm but f p -Tcnn n^jip Sno 
.jfooi^ Kt33«i«in dS n*«iSKS« mK3 ik ni^pn m o^j^oaf ih3 nan on niS^i nn p^h^ 
Sup * on337 .-nsKD Dn'?Tp p na )M3d nS3?S) n *i o h o S S ttin ]k onpn kq'b KaVp ipi 
m^H 13^5* dS ^pS»» Kin 15J? onjK'? 1 S a « * in KDa« pn ni* i S a « "jmr* 'aai nSipi 
.ariKabu p B^j iSn kd^ki c ^ a n o^mh^ \^ni3ai vaa ww Sa nSip iSiai . nao p3ra"i>t 

rtt;(&ci Bi* "ifian '7ar»i (aj[(f)aBiirb 97^ 6|KBa i) ii|»iboj^bti> toj^ko itepBua 

;^B4 DonpuBrai DpB^aBiiieTt CJltJ^ylOlI|ift YopeK^: D'lnisiw iD^^prntf o*piD«n Sa» 

, -jfiiina *«b nnnnea [naarSt* S*3?oo*» f^^ ^^a] on di taSn 

' Cioea KipRHcaBB nacATb : ^d pfiSttaoSM nnhtu kd Sa>t naoSii Df 'd %H^m 
MaipiSB .f?i nat? hdi nao'^K ^d qspji ^nS« nnaKfi^^Ki nroSit iKjanKa^K Sno naoSK 

(1. C p. 116) rOBQpHTlt BKpBTU^t : 0K5apITlf OlMMHtkKtTCa Bl BtROTOpUXl 

cjOGoTHB XT* aaKoaaii b bi 0<5%acHeBiB IlaTBKaimia n^ri* po'yita* rt^naas^SKi) 

(nninSi* t*OBm naoSi* p 

■ Cm* TajtMyjrt, xp. Illa66amh^ rji. XVI> Mumna 8; Veuapa Tan! set 
1. 124 — 125; rp, Sw4a, J. 24—25; UlyAxam Apyxh^ Opaxh XaiuMh^ OTJIr j 
276 B 325, 

4 Cm. BaiQB^ I Iit'^w nni« (ea;^, EBDaTopiB), J. 30—31, llla66ami^^ § 16; 
HuHOMudio Bi |~rj? ]J , lIJa66afm^ § 12 (1, 30), CMorpBTii noBB;tHMOMj cbk* 
cxonBTeifcHte aa BTon. iipe;^MeTt* 



PMMI6 BEXo^a cojEHi^a '• CBoe<Spa8H06 tfHtoie oraa^eH- 
saro e{>eciapx& oazo^piTCfl wh ynoM ae7tom% p7KoirBCHaic'& 0TpHBR% 
WMTb BOieMB^eesaro coq. Caa^^s (hjh era pieHBRa), rjtfb UBmxj 
opo^HMi roBopBTca: tPaSB'b ne CKasaJTB HcMauAh-AAh*0K6apm^ 
910 KiitH>nafi fiasio B^H cy^^HO, paGotaionufl Wh 6f;(HH ne eft^ 
6arairb^ oGjiaaBi oT^^titHTL he hhjIocthbk) 8apa5oTRH wk% m> 
ee;|Bvofi h n^TH^iecaTbifl ro^w (hjhh ;(hh), nog?o6HO Toiiy, eek^ Topa 
spejOrachiBaeTi aosepTBOBaTB Hat pacTeBifi seitjra, raase pacTynxifl 
B% 6y;iHB fl no cy66oTaMi», npOBSBe^^eHiH o^^Boro ro^a bs'b ceMH 
jrtnb B OABoro ro;(a bsii nflTB^ecBTH JitrL?> *. B^b arairfk 
cjiyut MOSBO TaKsce ycHOTp%T& cTapaaie OnGapit HafttH cno* 
eoto E*b oCaerqeHiio pejiBriasBofi cxporocTB, nf^u% o6i>BCHBioTea 
oSBera^eBBHH aana^pcB be sero co CTopoBU EapaBMCKBxii pa- 
ropBCTOBX. Bopo^eH^, cji'6;tyeT'b 8aiii^THTiiy qTo osBa^eBBMfi epe^ 
eiaiKXi», KaKi> Oojiiimaji qacTB ceKTaBToex Toro epeMeBB, Be Ohjetb 
saeiibjioBaTeaBBbiH^ bb axonx OTBomeBiB, reri bbabo bbii Toro 
nfcroflTejitcTBa , qxo, no trpHM-fepy Asaaa (Bwme III, § 3), owh 
sanpen^aJTB ynoTpefijenie b'l nBi^y Msca ;^0Man!HHTo csoTa, eer^ 

BT0M1> CBB;ttTeJIBCTByK)T^ KBpRBCEBB *, H ynOlIBHyTBlfl 668- 
IBlfi OBCETaJIB RapaHM7> XIY BJIH XV BtRE, ROTOpbiA BM^JI^ 
Wf%Xh C050I0 BCTOqBBRB, BElfB Be^OCTyEBHe ** 

^ Kipiicaei, Taiii ze: iSiis ddwSS nnp^Hfio rpt in^ Shh^h nh njpi '*t rmyi: 
tn^ii s'>Ja Ssp njK tSi |H2-ipSiti nwVtSii 2in npiSit ^S-^ pi *>n^H e*«i vi npiS»* 

r^jMic* E MnspaaH o6i arom fle ynoviaaxyTi npi Osdapa, ho nepButt va% 
BX% ii|>iiDictfBaerfc 9To UanapiTaHaMi (ai(()aBiTi» 87, dpcmt i i Oi bo ^cel 
alpMrniocTB, 00 oinfldo<iHDMy aopfl;(Ky h paautmeBiD isfiicTit vh ero HCTO^fliKt. 

* BoTfc T6KCTI BToro JioCoouTBaro MtcTa: ID fn 'nasySK S^ynoi? Sp* oS 
jOt^ jfsm 7'xhm MiyrmaK p p-nr^So 'TinSm naoS** *d iitSor nvM >»* oKon rh 
4aD» 1*3 rr^tnW niDin SinSm fiioSn *i» nii* nSn nnuSit % Kprp nS vh^Hn ^Sti 

/a Va p naei nao i*3D rao *?3 *« "SO 

* KipiscaBB Bi 33 rjEBi 12-ro oT^ttia roBopiTi : '© an^M onnni Kinait 
! Sirm ^naaySn S^yoDjei i^o^aa ^ ^Sy nyiKni jay niSNaSn e>*i n^SnaSi* 

* iiastctie BToro napaBva Hii%eTi, seiiaioBaBCBoe 8Ba«ieaie a^b 6iorpa(^ti 
(a ero fl«meI^BeAaBHo)^B ooceMj a apBBosy ero zjfi,ch: \iv ]tt o^h .Sifi 

im "nsicSK fincit^ie n>ti3> ramn in {ntsyaSK no^an ^^h j?d oani -^itaoSn nDiAi ihdi 'b ins 
fln¥?tt ^3»i 3?a03 ♦nnaoSit tn,\ .o^tpnu'?** npno iSno p^ar ^S^an jo pj? |i*3^ marrS Vp nao 



— 8 — 
BoT'L Bce HdBi&cTHoe HaiTB npo StcMauAa OnGapu a upo 

OCHOBAflHyiO HMTi C6BTy, On> ROTOpOfl, nO CBHJ^tTeibCTBy Khprb- 

eaHB ^, He ocTasocE he oahofo nocJii&;^oBaTejiJi yse wb nepByio noio- 
BHHyXfi. BBpo^eMii, BCJrhjs.'b b^t^m% KapRHcaHH EaET> 5h cam 
orpaEH^HBaeTii saTeropHiiHocTB cBoero sasBiieHiH, npH6aBJEflH: <H 
HibT% Bi> HacTOHiBiae BpeMfl HE oj^Horo f^J3 pasyMHUXh Awdeii ', 

ROTOpBlfl CEJEOHBJICH CH K1» CECT6ir& efO (0K6apE)>. 

HS'b COBOKyHHOCTE HSBtCTlfi 05li dTO&fb epeciapX'fe BBCTByeTb, 
^TO ero BO BQSKOWb CJiyqa* CRij^jeTbUpEnBCMBTh B'BEapaHlfGTBy, 

Tas'b saRt, HecHoTpa na ero HenoiiTETeiBHoe oTHomeHie rb Auany 
m Ha HtROTopua ero yKJoeeHin bi> cxoposy pa65aHHT0B'L h Wh 
ofijrer^BTeJiBHOM'L nanpaBJieHiB; He BsnpaH xaEace Ha ero ^oji'be 
eBoQoAHMB BosaptBifl Ha TeRCTB Cb. QncaHifl — bb o(yii;eirB h 



vODtp^w hwyv[ . Piaia* 3iiaft , ?to Anam fiuii bo Bpevn xaiB^^axa AAh-Mau- 
€ypa % 6u4i> siiEuiH)<ieai> wh TeMafli^y ButcT-b ci» A6y'XaHu^ou AAb-HoMa- 
HOMh u6H-Ta6umoMh, KOTopufi yuept bt. 160-irb r riA«pM» Auauh xe 5uj* 
13% HtHaAhHuHQeh Cioua h cjiiAOBaj^ do nyra oTmeJfiHiKOBi a t. ;(.). Omri- 
TEMi. 8Atci> BKpaTi^i, ^TO 8T0 KapaEMCi»>e aaBtcTie aoj|TBepaM^3Ti> pasctaa^ 
CaaAiii (Bume f I § 9) o TOifi>, ito Anauh duji. saKUoqeai b% TeHBiiiiy BitiCTi 
ci MycyjrbMaBCR0in» ytfeBUMit, ■ saIcb npB6aBJieB0j tfo bub dioro MycyiBnaHiraa 
AOy-Xami^a HoMam H6m-Ta6umh, yKepmii BS 150 r, rBflspu (=767 no 
P. XOi T. e. 3Bai[eHBTiaj& bi itycyibiiaBCBOMi» fiorocioBii ocaoBaTexb nxKoiu 
xaMeffitimoeh^ KOTopuA aa oTsaa'b otl BaBBJUsaeiiaro eMy xaiB4|)0Mi aBasia 
HadU Bi BafABAt, bjh se no ApyrHHi> npR'iHHaM'b, AtScTBareibflo Guj-l saiciD* 
^BBt B-b TenHUMyi r^t B yuepi ai> BymeosBa^eBBom ro^y (Well| Geschjehte 
der Chidifen II, 83, Dpm. i; D'Hcrbolot I, 38 wh Htai. nepeBOA*- Magoadi, 
Prairies d'or VI, 213, 499; Ibu-el-Athiri Chronicoa, cm. yKaaareib XXII, 626). 
H HaAtiDci, BCKopt mgroBopBTb oficTOflxeiBBO o BiiaBii A6y Kanu^u ^% Anana 

E CXOACTB% MBOnili 831 QXX AORTpHBT^. BtOpoA nyBKT^ B^b BT01I1» HJBtCTil, 

miiouiii sfiaiieHlQ ai^ nacb^ aro CRa3aBBoe mbmoxoaomIi iito Auauh 6ua^ 
UB% fttnaAhHHHoah Cioua h uttAh tw cmonaMh omtuiAhHUKO&h^ Tarn Bairfc 
iTo c\ oABoS cTopoey xaerb Haui kiio<i% bi BoiHMaHiio Ayia aaaBOBCKarg 
BaKOBOAaxeikCTBa (cp, Bujne III, §§ 2 — ^3), a q\ Apyrofi ^ ot^'LacBaeTi Bd^Wh^ 
OTKyAa DpoB3omjo BietcTie notABttiniBXi KapaBMOBi^ tto riaaa bzi C6ktu aepe- 
CBiucfl u% lepycajLHMii^ a BiieHQo, ^tq rkb omado^Bo 6uio npB&HTO^ <rTO f^naAh- 
HHKH Cioua aKBJB Bi CB. rpBAt, 'ITO coBciM^ BeBtpHO, TasT^ aaap. Wh TaiMjAi 
{BaCa-KaMa j. 566) aazoABMi OABoro B3% bhix bi Herapxea (BaBUoali), a 
B% DOJOBBBt XH CToiiTlji KapaBMii lofyAA FaAacB, sBten KoacraBTEBOEOia^ 
DOCToaaao TiTyjiosais ce(5a uiHaAhHUKOMh Ciona (|i*i ^SsifO ^Sann). 

^ HaBlcTifl KupsflcaflB, crp. 317. 

* 5yKfiaj[i>Bo: u3h uiayiwixb pasyMa (nciSie a^is po)* 



— 9 — 



tan flMj-B conaceHi. cb nocjit^HHMi bi» Kap^HHajifcHHXt nyHB- 
TaxB — Bi OTBepHBHiii Tpa;^]qioHHaro iyj^ansica a HenpESHaHix 
eBpeficKaro KaJieH;iapH, pasHo Kasii h bI) EeynoTpeCaeHui icHca 
X AP. ^acTHbixi nyBKran. 

§ 4. Bi» TOifB se ropo;i'6 ORfiap'b HcifaHJry HacJitjcoBai'B 
MHOBaxejiB Apyrofl cbetu, no oifeHB Meiuei^ bjih Memeu 
{MiC&iH HitH Meceu) ^ Oh'b GbtJii, noBBjiBMOMy^ po^OMi) ^wh 
ropoxa £aajh6eKKa bii ChpIh (no rpeqecEB J(?^/09io^«^2^» pas- 
pyraeH'B seifJieTpaceHieMi bi> 1769 r.)i ox^iero ToBifl Obb ji.'h sl 
Famch HaauBaioTi* ero EaaAh6eKKUj h B'bpoflTHo nocji^ cifeprHt 
HcMaJUta ohx nepecejmscH bi^ ropoxi. OnOapa h cji'lbjiajicE ;iy- 
zoBHUirii FJiaBoio TaifoznHHxi» ceRTaHTOB't. nocat iip6o6pa30BaBifl 
KrBBi» A7^^ CBoero y^eHia ^ hpeun ero ;i'baTeJiBH0CTH 60 — 70 rr. 
IX B^Ra. KapRncaHB (X, rji. 2) pobophtb o HeH'B cjiit;(yioii(6e: 
cllocjiik HcMaeiia sLEH'h bi. OKOaplj MemeiR Ajih*0K6apu, EOTOpHft 
thUFb BecEica caa6ii OTHocBTejiiiHa yiia, kix Tony eme itpo nero 
pMcsadbtBafOT'By ^to ohi^ GbiJi'b noxoacBHa pacTepfiHsaro *, Eas'B 
MM o&bMmsatb 8T0 HHse. Ero nocji'^AOBaTeiiH 3cHByT^ jifi cero 
BpeiieBB (937 r, no P, X.) bi» 0K6apfh h nasbiBaioTCfl Memem 
[Mtmeumu) a Meac;(y beieh HtTi» hb o^Horo yqeearo h Gnaropa- 
spifiaro qeaoB*Ka> \ 

Bo BTopoirt Mtcrt (I rir, 8) KnpRHcaHn roBopHTB irpo eero 
a ero y^efliecjitj^yiomee: tPaacRaa'B ots-b ocofieHHocTax'L MemeiUp 
itoro BeB'&KecTBeaBaro ceKraHTa. Oh-b nosBOJiaa'B b% namy caio 



* Cm. fiem KapKicaaH, taut me, cip. 286, 3J5— 316; pycc. nepeB. CTp, 
370—71; FaAaci b% h^vt^^ j. 47 ai(|raBvrt» 98 (6yKBM '^— 'd); IlgHCEepa I, 16* 
43. II, 88 98, 100; IIosBaacKaro Revae dea et, j. XXXIV, 161—191 w orj^. 
QTTico. 3Tcm nocjtj^HiJl rpy^i Banicaax BecbMa TmaTeibBo a HC^epnyBaen 
i^c^Mifri; TOi&Bo Bi BtKOTopMXi nejo^iaxi a Hecoriaces^ ci nosaaacKsifi, 

» Graeiz Geschichte (Y*, 202—2. 445—50) omi6oiHo npiBHitaerrB cfme- 
CfBQBaaia Jk^jrh epeciapxoB^ no HveHi Meceu, 

• Hjb: Ha *$€AoefhHay nocmaeAeHnazo e^ mytiuK^. 

^ Apa^csli opBrBsajfL KapBacaaB {wb Bioem aa^- CTp. 285) rjacan*: ih3i 
nsam t^ roi nw*?!! 'd *nj Mc^yi iksi •* i a a j? S » n niP * o h •> sy »* a Vpodm ijra 



— 10 — 



BeatepTseHHaro cKora, Caaiajra a, mk^ ;ipyrie, ;cyMaa^, 
oBii (Memeifl) Bt>ijiyiraJi% dTo MHtme, bo o;iHa'B h8^ CTapueB% (bj 
wef«a:offa) ropo;ia OnOapa pascKaaaJiTb MH"fe, ^to 9to oh% 3a9ic« 
CTBOBaJTB y Koro-TO HS"B acHTenefl J^TtcedaAR ^ iito BnoJiHt Boa^ 
MOXHo, TaK'B KaK-b "^aieOaJiBi^H Maoro BM;iyMMBaioT'B; tou^k© 
MemeiH o^HapoAOBajn* h pacnpocTpaHHJii. 3to UH'^sie h npa- 
Bojosi-h eaiy j^oeiasaTejiscTBa, MemeiH yTBepa:;tajn», qio npa8;iHi!in» 
iiflTE^^ecflTHBUM ;;oji»eH% Ckite b^ BocEpeceeie *, tojilko ohi» He 
8Hajii>, B'h RaKoe niieBBa BOCKpeceBie, wro cocTasjiHerb TaK3E6 
MHtHie HtROTopBix'B Cacpith^esh \ B nocBMy oh'e npas^HOBajib 
BTon. npas;tHHKi. Bwfecrfe cb o^meft Maccofl (paG^aHHTOBt) *. Ilacry, 
no ero MHifeBiiOi cji'fe;;yeTii Bce^;^a npas^HOBaTb Bt ^eTBeprt, ;^iifl 
»ro, irrofiH ^eHt oqHmeHifl rptxoBX apaniejicji b^ cy66oTy» tres 
saRii BTOTi* xeHL HasMBaeTCfl ftia6f}aim ma66amoHz {\\row n2Cr) •, 
^To, no ero TonKOBaaiio, oBHa^aeTt. deotinym cy66omy, cy<56oTf 
B iipa3;iBHK'B dHmeeifl rptxoBii. OrHocHTe^bHo onpe^ttfleeia ho- 
Buxi MtcjmeB'B owh KOJieOajicH, He 3Hafl KdE'B WL'h o6o8Ha^aTi» *. 
PadCRa8MBaH)n>, qxo oai. G&iBaJio roBapEBajdt CBoeifL iip0Bep»ceH* 
^al^» (no axosry noBo^^y): «Bet MOHeTw ct H8XflH0li^; noceny 
jiepsHTe Ty (t^ajuBinnByio MoeeTyf Roropan Haio^^eTCH ^% Baman^ 
pyEaxi, T. e. npas^ifiyfiTe Hz^Biffecrfeci* Maccofi (pa66aaHTOB'&)>^. 

^ JloiC€6aM, — ftpa6cftoe aasB&Bie AP^BBefi Mudia ^ Fa^iacH apBHsiiaef 
ciQBo SI H&pB^&TejbBOHi CHucit B nepeBo^^iiT-b onnn ^t?:K (ropi^y). CaaAla 
jnoMaHyToi pyitoiiBCB TaBnie KpaTKo roBopirb o6i» aToaii.: piiStD»«3 m » ^ d Snp 
aviS» SsK (paaat ae CKaaaii Memeu^ ^to Aoaaoiaerca tcrb cajio?); en* 

' CoriEcao ci> iiaiaieiii» cnjiAYieesi b KapaBMOBi>. 

* T. e. BapaBHoa^, 8mb|iiihxi> b\ ropoAi Baept (Bacapli). 

* HenoHaTuua cioea Fajiacii fii^ dtoiii Mtcrt : i;^27na tinp^ , BOTopy^ 
cixi aopL ofiiflCBBiB BecbMa seyAOBieTBoptiTejbBOf cj'l^yen> ^irraTi» : it*ip 
its$xx (bo qb^ He npoB08rjainaji> cBoero jcalBia), Taaii xaBi oai opa^Boa 
aron iipaaAHBBi BMtcrfc ci. paoGasBtaiiB, 

* JleBBTfc XXm, 32, 
« T* 6. m BU<iBGi&fiiD IB, Bain. pa66aaiiiu, bib xe do BaOiDAeBiD ■<>* 

BtJiiyBla, KaKi» cajtAyKBi b K&paaKU. 

^ y X'aAacB (EOTopMfl aaoGiue nepeAaerb aro MtCTo aai^ KBpaBcasB si 6yi- 
BajBHOMi nepeao;!*) BaxoABTCH a^cb BenoaaTflaE j^pasa: XMvh "^qihi lyf mm 
aSn p»ii naena imo mp ^o^a c^aintn ]i»j? *3 . Bi. npBdaBj. arb pyccKoity aepe- 
BOAy T TOMa McTopii Fpeaa a noiaraii,, iro aro oaaaqaern, nocTaaoBJieaie 



— 11 — 



Ho ero MH^BifO, 3% cy66oTy Bcer;ia sacrpen^oHcib sepTBonpuao- 
iDeHia {b% lepycajiiiMCKOMi xpaM^b), a oto sHa^ieBie cjiobi* Ilfl- 
nKHHsiB maps r\2U rhv; * (cyOOoTHfla sepTsa Bceco^xceBiJi a^ cy6- 
§tfff) wiKi iroiy*? ( WB cy<56oTH), T. e., qTo cy66oTBee »epTBonpa- 
Homefiie coBepmaJiocB ^o HacTyojieBia cy66oTHflro BpeiieHH* Oa% 
fTsepxj^ajTi, "iTO HUdMi (cTopoHA, syj^a o5paniaK>T^ jhi^o sa 
BftMs MOJiHTBu) Bea^'fe ji^oJimBh OuTL £!> sana^y, a kto aaxo* 
l^jpneii B% EraoTt H MarpeO'b ofipaa^aeTCH cnaaofl ri* lepycajiaiif 
^u^BpeHH MojraTfibi* ^. 

^^^drfl HOBOBBejieHiH Metueu, BcqacjieBabia 7 KapKacaaa ^, 
^nnaAflTCB Taase Apyraua coBpeiteaBBiMH a no8;(Bilflma]fH Rapaav* 
Vemin naeaTejiflaa. TaK^s oTaocaTeibao yB0Tpe6jieEia caJia roBa- 
r Fm ASy-Hacph S)cy0^ UCnt'Eapiym AAh-Fapynu ^, Toeis 



Tenep^ aat BipoHTaie, ito FaAaci iiriji npejti co5od omi6oqHMfi tokcti 
vroro atcra y RBpEBcaHi^ a meflBo^ bmIcto n'?^ ohi ^iHTars SiiSn , a satcro 
inD offb ^iraii ni'^* IIo3BaflCKlfi drraerb cioB&KipK. nS mo BcaapHeaauaa, b^ 
o^HacBJi£ Qo^eHT 1 xaEi> cjl^yen bxt> iciipa&iTi>. 
» Ka. ^iceii, XXYUI, 10. 

* HsBiCTifl KgpKBcaHB Bi Moeiii Bs^. (crp, 315— 6> 'iV)^ ysitoSktsiiabif 
larvAvi p*Jeit niit iSni •ntiiaSit i^DSusnoSn mvt urt^n Kin •n^w^o na ymn kd iTKsn *© 

fTa 'i*»33i*D . amoSii inn yin^w \n n3>« n^j i^sfi nis? ]i*y\ * o'Sn ^nit jo 

fU#0 IK K153I3 1*71 O^Sl .*7 H 3 1 ^ K SnK f J?5 IJ? fHSX K03K HJ*! I » * 1 3 3 J? ^K 

n • 1 r * D IK31 nS jinnm m»:i nirrait n m r ^ o \n n*j ^ « a 3 S » Sm* ^t fii^na 
[npS inr« afnoSn mm jn "jnit 'n oSy» 16 nsK ti ini»*7» oi^ pan |it ain msfij^M i*i 
\m Ulan |iy |M ai' noeSii jn oj?r |>t3i .nj?HOi*w j?ti |*o rtiK3JTit |»« kSm i^itfaSn id 
ni3i? -pT njns 1 1 J^ s "^ n 3 r n*B Vp nj«<S naoSie oi» ^%t2hn ]^^^ e*oaS*t 
lAjr* lA '^n^St on r»'>yo *c i«3*rr |H3i .nica'?!! lan^JK^ naoS»i lecmn** (^bt. vnao*?!*) 
Irf^ TjODT® rA mo nSa ipaS>i nann^enS "j^p^ TK3 mK lopn .nann jk ar ^;f *i*a 
I psTp fPB a^p* in 113' bS nao^B ^k ditp ]Kai ,njr»oJi^it vif ^iT ott» 'e n*?** jiinshn 
iTf' \m iVt |bi inavS (iet. nBiyo) .T:rt3 inara na» rh^f annaSi* Stp jhi nna 
^|n svehu nru *^k pan i« ar jn»»D *?3 ^b n'7ap'?B ]» ort* inai ,n30% moSB Sap 
. ^bif BIB dt^dSb n^a latUD* aijo^Bai i^oap 

* Kpoal 17<fl riaBU nepsaro oT^ima, KvpsHcaBi roBopisTi eu^e nojipoSeie 
lofo BTDai npejpieTi bi. ll-ofi raaBt Xil oTj^tia; cm, HoaeaHCKaro bi Festsckri/t 

fflTeiBmaeiA^P^T crp. 203-— 4. 

* B% pysotticBOBT. ero KOBMeaTapii sa HatBicBBxie (rt Han, nySifiia. 
(MfioreBi; aaiopx BipoarHo Tos^iecTBeBX ct> locu^oMh 6, AepaaMb Eacpu 
B msji ae nosae X o^aa; cm. o^ma t\CKn I, 90), bt, oTAlut Baiuupa^ roBoparca 
cr!^^ onJiunnin DsAwt *>paSB aSn in QinD*7H a^yn*?** ;Ba naBnsBi n m »» d S\p BaBt 



— 12 — 



Oeed^ *, letyda Fadacu *, Apom 6, locu^z ', Apom Mu^ 
KOMudio «, Mmh EmoHHU ^ H ^p., a h8i> pa66aHHTOB'B, Eass 
MH bb;i&ih BMine, CaadiR Faom. 

Biopofi ujESiTh^ KOTopfiiifi» MeukQu oTJiH^ajicfl OT'B pa(J(iaB 
^0B% B RapaHHOBii — npas^^BOBaHie IIflT0;iecHTHja];hi, 

TeopeTHqecKH oHt corjiacajica (Tb Ca^u^yseflMH n AnanoMz' 
^TO (5H6jieflcKoe BupajKeHie na^n ninM(JIeBHTi XXin» 11. 15. 16) 
osEa^aerb BocRpeceBie. Ho Mpe 3x011% ob'b BucRaBaJHi, wto HBir6_ 
EeBdBtcTEo, KaRoe iiueBBo BocEpeceHie cit^^yerB npa8;^H0BaT6l 
Tas'B KaB^ nHTHKBBmie BasHaqaerB dTOTL opas^^BHRi ceHb HeJ 
^tUL noo* Ba^ajia acaTBH bt* IIajiecTBBi& (JleBHT. XXHI, 10)jj 
a dTo ea^aJiQ voiEeT'B cj[yqBTi.cH h ope^'B Ilaexot, h nocjit seff. 
Ho daicbqaBiio KBpKHcaEB, Menieu noaaHMCTBOBaJii> bto mhI^* 
Hie OTB EacpiicRBX'b Rapai]MOBT>. Bcjit^CTBie cero, Mevieu ycTa^ 
BOBEJi'B, TiToOii ero nocji'fe;ioBaTejiB npaa^^HOBajie IlflTHjiecflTBHuy 



•^^K on*? ^iep« r»3Ko '^S n^^n naao iip* larH nonan aSn Sait S3 ^3 n^ipa pm 
KpoMt MeuiBiu B j4^s-/(Vw«cw obt. BBBoro ee uBTyeru. 

^ Bii era pYKonscH. coq. nsn) i^^im CKaaaBO apo Caajiiio r&oBa (BoAieflii. 
BaTaiori DlTefiaiuBefiAepa ex 2178): tc^'o *'i3n idt i^Srr »o>n*cn m ^3 *nii 
fin'tan pirm orrnvi^e i3t^ o^Sn 's'^rj ninna rnnn [0*11^2^1 ^^'''i "^oxt n33P^< 
en^nan nm^^ inj?n bmj?'-:! iifki n'jp jd iho i«*7> . UpoAoameHle cjobi ToBla npi 
mAWTh UoaHaHCKti! (laiii-ae, cip. 164 npim. 6). 

* B'li ifi3n SarH^ J. 42 (aj(]iaBE[Ti> 93) obi. npeAcraBiBerL, kbki b saal 
Till* Byme^ BeGeaomB^D^Bufi nepeBojii cjobti KapKiicaBB, a sarbirL, j. 68- 
(aKfiaB. 231—3), h&xu;|htcb o6cTOBTeiLBoe onpofiepxeiiie KB^dia Memeu 
aroMy DpejiHeTy, 

' Bt ero EQUMeBTaplfl inaiiirt sa kb. JlefiBT. II! (j. 6a), ob^ rofiopin 
BOBOfly pacKasa Hoa-Bapu npeHia ero ch KapiiBiioiit (.lesaTi Yll, 20) 
^^yutnee: yuan r*i»n iDnpn nSn^ . rninn nue o*o*iin D*i3n Si? mtj? Ja ikdti^ noa 
.bntan '■* yc^irw onaift nSw nrKi tt^'sm aSn Sa n*n?iBP inj^^oi ttin >na3rrt »Tsri 
ifcoa nip' IT nn uSoS nifnni .rnijrnSo natp S'l la^oanv .la atinn Sj? |tTan mwif 
1 T. ;(- nnna nvm o» KiDn lonan nim. 

^ 61 ero KOMHeBTapiB nniJi nna aa BumdoaHaieBHiiJl ctbxi rh. JtoBi 
(1, 5a) qITael[^: . o*pSn rwh^h npiSnon ^ain liwxai .np^Snrt nnai abnn "iidk rsP 
•laaj^n 'iwo HTn 'arn pSnm .laS D*aSn ns^Stt^ noH irn o^aa^n o-"i inKn p*ji 
r^vm p D^aSrrn SSa i*iinn ">p*e Tnj?*oi 1 t. ;^.; i npB aroin. oat ccujiaeTCJi a^ 
CBOB Ra. aaKOHoBi, t. e. Ha pr p, rjfe b^ no^nr |o:? rj* 19—10 (1. 94 — 1 
OHi npaBOji^HTii ataoTopufl AOKaaareji^CTBa Memaa h ciapaeTca iii» ODposepratb 
1 ccujaercff aa locu^a (omH6o9Bo bm. 0Ko&a) KupHucanu, 

* Bt ero in^Sn n-nit n. 18 aa-b no^nv raj^ (pj* 67a-^) CRaiaso: •aSnn iw 



— 13 — 

BirficTfe t% pafiOaHHTaMn \ TaKHvi ofipaaoMS, y eero Bbrmjia 
^asfioriacie h c% pa66aHHTau&, h cl RapaHMaiiH; cb nepBHin 
feope'nraecsBy a cb nocJi'bj^HHifH opaRTinecKH ', RpoH'l^ Khpkh- 
eiea b cjitnyioniaro bmj ra;iacH *» hhsto hsii sapaJIMGRHx^ hh* 
catMefl oG-B dToiTB uyesT'b He yooMBBaeTi. 

TpeiBe pasHorJiacie Memeu othocbtcb ki» aaqajiy IlacxH. 
Qo paBBBHCKOMy npaBBJiyriDB i*Ta k'?4> stotb ^pa8;^HHK^, Moaexib 
sa^iiHaTBCB c^ BOCKpeceeiHy BTopHHKa, ^STBepra h cy66oTu; 
Memeu 2ce ycraHOBBJi'B, ^oCi} Ilacxa Bcerjia aa^maJiacE (^"h ^er* 
Bepra, me tofo ^t«>5b ;i6hb Kunnypa (o^Hn^eHiB rp'bxoB'B) upH- 
iBBicfl B^ cy6(5oTy, ^VLwh aToro mo»ho sasJifo^HTBy ito y cara 
epeciapxa Oelsi ci^eo6pa3HuA sajieHAapB, Tas'E Rasi no pas* 



p <ttit »S 3\r3n» onaiHi'^^Dn nntin m\nn .mSns nmn rSvS nts >pSm ^inr* 'oan 
inrw naoyn nro vyoj rnn rm\ Sm .o^Sin ^aSn nS D»»^p '3*yn p-i o^aSrvi 
itrm PK? ncuS iiTQiT p«(tm»ki n^ani ■ t. a.« Aarte (m. 19, J* 686) ohi HBTyerL 
leopiBeAeaoe irtcroi^ai somidaTapIfi ^naon. 

* r* nosHaHCKifl (mrue L c p. 164, note 7) Bupaxaer^ coMHial^ Wh atp- 

Moero DOHBMaBlk cioBa n^K^sjtStt bii ciiiiicjit coaoKynHOcmu eepenctcazo 

I M&poday T. e,pa66ata:inos^; H3i npiBe^eHBaro mbod q^ 611x11011161111 DpHHt^a&ii 

tBBerm BToporo iitcT&^jBsi KitpRicaBiy rj^i bmIcto ns^KDaSn ciuisaBO rtfiitSit s^nai 

sij'w *^it pvo^M |Q (fjbBOKynaocTB aa^lH ci BocroRa ao BansAai^ bcbo bmabo, 

?to Hoe Toi&OBaBie BipBo; cp. rasse .-ivHsjiSm suse 7 KepisucaBH (bi Moeui, la- 

Ijiaitli crp. 316) B% 1^-11 tA'dB% rjii oso itLume xozen^ osaa^aTB toi&ko pa$6a- 



* Bi saqaat nepBoi riaBU VIII orjiija cBoero cowBeolH KipKacaai ro- 

*^^2fbl/t S'PGDKi poM3i py p pH'ip cnaw '":ii raioaobi* vn^hut p**ii»D>* pdj t>l 

MM9t36i(Sit OM^K nno tud |n nnH^H nv in •rojr r^yn ov \u *b ri^3 nny^ d*S na^j^a 
*n333rVit nMBf D -jVi^Sy onyanni poipnoSi* mYsSit p»Knp ]o oiptSirShsi 
pi DM^n ni?20*?ii cnpn* )k m^ ip nam qnpo inn >n P**? nnn'jK i^i ]n itsjfto 

HSI nOCltA&BIl ClOBl BBABO, TrO KKpKICafiB rOBOpBA I^ABXe 05CT0JI- 

no BTojiy noBoAy. 

* Bapo^eii^, TaAacB nponycRaeT* nomjp- BSB-lcTla KupitHcaBi, iro sa 
^pamiEt Mimeu Dpaaxaofiaii BMtcrt cii pa66aHHTai[B. 

i C«. UIvAxauh Apyxh Opaxh XaitiMh «* 428, § 3, Bi irryprii oa Be* 
jtmcyfo cyCComy no PffMCROKy psTyaiy (mdy'i insD nvtns) o^HapoAOBaBie Bueo- 
j^8iii% BpaBiJi, ycTBJioBieiiflyxi ciboap^ohomi bo speica BToporo xpaMa, 



— u — 



MBCBoiry RajTCB^^apiOi sa ocHOBaHio nparajia f^'n^i>£i:3 trstmt^ ^*, 
9. 6* naTbifi A6HB Hacxa coBtia^taeTB to ^newh Kunnypaj arb^ 
J^OBaTeJIKBo, Kor;ta nepsbift ;(,eHB Hacxn b'b qexsepri, to jS| 
tiypzi npHxoj^BTCfl Ha noHeAi^&HBKi>y a He na cyOOoTy. 

OTHocHTenbHO onpeA^dBifl Ha^ajia irfecBi^eB^, Metmu 
M6I BHA^^J^ Bfaime, npeOuaaJQii B'B TeopeTHi]ecKoii*b coMHtHia, 
jyqme cKaaaTi*, ero ue yAOBJieTBopflaH hh BuqacjueHlH no pas 
BBHCKOMy KaJi6H;iapio *, hh cnoco^i caA^^yKeflcRo-KapaHiicEiA, 
IB. e. onpej^tjieHie no Ha6Jiio;i6Hiio BOBOJiyHifl^ cooco5i., Koropwli 
000^*6 MHoroBtKOBaro OHcecToqeaBaro cnopa 'laMH RapaHMBi npH- 
Bjmm^hi ObiJiH npHSBaTb aeopaKTHqHMH'b. t 

YTBepatjieeie Memeu^ oto bi. iepyeajiH^CKOMt xpaM* cy6- 
<SOTBiH acepTBonpHBomeHiH C0BepEnajfec& ji^o fSacxyniieHifl cy66aT* 
HHFo BpeueBiij Haxo;iHT&H BfpoaTHO B'B cBatH CB npHHi;HniaJiB* 

HBIMB BOdpOCOlfB CJiy^aHXl) CTOJIEHr»BeHJH (l^iOjeflCRarO OOJIOSH* 

TejiBearo npe;tnHcaHifl (nt7p mxo) c"B orpni^aTejib^^iini'B, cb aanpeTOiiB 
(rtPj^nK'?) *- BiiTajiMy;;* ^peo6Jla;^ae^B npasaJh^ no Koiopoiiy no- 
losHTejiBBHft aaKOH^ 66perB Bepx-B HajHB 0T[j^i;aT6jiBHbiirB, ito 
a BBipaacaeTcH h3b*ctho1 (|]opMyjio9: TOjyn «*? ^r^i nw 'f^« ^ ; ho Bti 
mowh npaBBJil^ eMtioTCH pasBUH noApaB;i,tieB^ e HCRJiK)q89ia, 
KOTopBifl ^acTBH) saBHCBTB 0TB EaqecTB'B saltp6Ta ^, ^aCTB10_ 
se OTB cBotcTBii fiojEoKHTSiBHaro aasoHa '. 
iipitiicuBaeTcii paBBBBT Sjiieaepy, cway HpsaHa: *3i»a fmniO u^nun mil 

Imi "itp^Sn *T 1*1 |mi oSip niapn npm md> oWai n^aaa >JBf «npD rv^aa oS 

iita ot' I'in i«^ 71*1 TTH uSi nntj^ rnj i6t rio© i*ia uSi ii* t"ia m*? i^pnm o^ai 
o^hyS ; CM. UiBCKepa 11, 16. 

* UlyAxam Apyxh Tail's «e. 
' My Bume BuAtai, ^to do BtKOTOp&mi oyaiTaMi %wh cji^AOBarb CBoe 

oCtpaSBDiiy BaieBAapio co5cTB6BHaro i3a6ptTealfi. 

* r. nosfiaecidl Q. c« p, 169) biibo^hti> saHinHeaie wsh HAseDpHBoxiifan 
jTBepx/ieBJa Meuisu^ wm Qociij^HlH 0T;iaQaii» np^BMjuiecTBO nojozBTejb 
^UEOBy npe^i- oTpaiiaTeitHux; bo 9toti y^eauB yoycRaeTi. lai BBfly BacToame 
yTBepMAeBle Metueu, Et% BOTopara mojrbo BUBecri npDTMBoaoiosBoe aaKii>^e«| 
Hie; CM. HBoe. 

^ Cm. opeiMymecTBeBBO tp. l€6aMOfm^ i. 3— 7« a napaJjeibsua uicra. 

* Tain* Hanp. oTBocHxeibHo nia ^a r*w ntffpn mS cm. ItCaMomh^ timi j 
OraocBTeiLBo rTpnaip nc-pn vh cm, xp, 3f6^jcrw.w5, i. 076; RacaTeibBo nrj? n^fj 
niTn nrrn nS nnn cm. Tp. FlicaxuMh^ j, 44a, b t, n. 

^ Hanp, oTHocBTei&Bo c'an rwi^ cm. opSn ^Vaitr § 97; aoodme xe ao btom] 



— u — 



JtpeBS'bftQiid EapaHitbir oco6eHHO ace Anam e ero npH* 

Mpxeai^fii, oT^aeajiH opeHMymecTBO sanpeTHTeJiBBUifB npe^^nHOi- 

mwb Dpe^ii DOiioKBTejiBHbiMB. BcjitACTBie 9Toro H6JiL3fl, no 

JkSHPf caBepiDaT& o6pa;(i> oCip'^saaiH b^ 0766077 ;(H6]irB h na- 

n6m j^SHjiaTBca nojiBe^epaflro BpeMeHtf ^; no dTofl 3K6 npaqoet 

S6r;(a Ilacxa npaxo;iHTCH Ha 07660x7, to iiacxaJibH7K) nepTfiy, 

ao MH'bBiio Anana^ oToaAbiBaioT^ sa BocKpeceme^. To?bo xassa 

[jMaHumu OTK;[a;(faiBaJH nepBbit ^eBB npad;iHHEa R7iii,efl ch 

'cyMoTM Ba BocKpeceeie, j^nn Toro qTo6'b mokbo 6wjio ycTpomt 

1711^7 eeqepoifB, Ror;(a. no Hxt uH'^Biio^ ueoGxoj^mio ee coop7- 

j(Bn >. no BTofl SKe opH^BBty HaRoBeii'ii, 6ojiKniaH qacTb Kapaii- 

WMh c% AnanoMz bo rjias'l^, saopen^aerb coBepmeBie aeBapcKaro 

lasa ci. «eBoio 7Mepaiaro 6paTa a roBopara, qxo cjiobo o^hk 

[{ffpaT&fl, BropoBaK. XXV, 5) oaHaqaeTB bi> aioMt Mtcit po;i» 

CTBeHflBKOBl), BBpO^eil^, BeBiaMBB'B U6r&B6B;(H, KHpRBOaBB H 



[sp«XHe^ CM. ♦mAd r §§ 54—56; nin*'^3 *Q ^* V, ota. IH 5 143; ni?ior ps* 
ill6, TT>« '^•y^i CyKBftit, §880—85,102; pmr* inc CynBa '!r J. 167 1 cji^-, ht, n. 
* Do CBoeft ciCT6Bi1i AHaei, oAflaKo, crapaeTca DUBecnt saKiD^eHie 06% 
|«Toat% itv aaajorii cjobij Borb cioBa ero: p'Sno lA rat^a n'?»oi ^a^er o^^ 'oino i5i 
1^ r^ *3-om 0^31 cr\mn a^nai inS'^^? ira 'na' *3'cipn ovai rp'-aa 2*nin nsra n^h 
uhf [imn nc] ifnn »q h^ [n^y nnxm] PKcsn inn inan oniN nwx?i 'Ji onin *nBf 
>6 'rovn ci'21 ns a^n^T nVo hm nara nS [a^pDO »S 'a^orn ovai na a*nan 
raif n*Jip a* ran naafT [n''!)?] n^y^ri kS^h nara p^pca i6t [S »*30i .nawa n^h 
^sm ^ 'm [nan nSijf] >tS^K jnaara nSij? »»pSD ¥h[i Tpnin'? ina]Bfa nmp ana icpi 
iAt tjttikS nnara ana\ nn^p pi hVh *Dnn nSij? Sy nar nSij? ana [n^] mn 
^ST? *in D^^ IK ppi nS'Gi 'a^or dt* onno ia kVk .nan nSiy kV» nawa nSij? 
c*3-ipn 1^21 i(-ian S'wi *opD naipi leror ttaij?-! Ton^ i^Sno nara ^in 
a^rnnoi rrovo a t, a. 
06i 9Toin> roBopBTCfl raKxe y KipKioiBii, ileai 6, leifieTi (f IXaQCKepa 
jn, 90^1 Tallica (Sa»ii aj^as. 301, 6yBBa 'j?, j- 1126), HaROEiAto (pj; p i. 33;p, 
[Bamfliti (ni-iM 1. 26a) a jp. 

* KapxaoaHi, OT;t* IX, rj. 10, roBopHTi: I« .naoS*i nS^*> rpi Knx nofiSit 'a 
lyoa 70 in**^!* n'?'S ^Sk nKm>t fyi penie mxa nao*?K H*:^b »p noa*'** Sdj? D*in^ fay 

*?oy o^Tnn ^hv naMnsn V*Sit nS'^y'n .np mpo inamtt i^ec^it p nyo »fo 
[.yrte najs*?it Srm \u n* oS nS^ao mn nawa «ot d*«3S« jf^aS Sipo nanS naoSx nVS 
yi(KJtjiBee MOTEiBBpoBaBie Ha^ulfHBaeT^ TaiMj^B^ecEoe paua^eBie MeK^y m^ 
mm a Saa n^ip u^nerj xp. leCaMomh^ j* 5a. 

* KapKaeaBH, Tami ««, n. 18: iita m^m nan p n^ait^v^^ ^^P ^^^' *^n I^ 
lA'S *iry nnoSn Bv »Sit iSt vtv \n aai paoSn oi' jnwn ^a iry ooa or 
no'aa *b niSiip kd ^^3D ^'yy rip Knpo ^a nao^jK a t. a* 



16 — 

Xpyrie sopH^eH KapaHMCTsaf conacBH cib paCfiaHHraiCH bi^ <S 

BaJQtBHOIfB TOJUCO&amH, HO OHH HJQyTl» J^pfTOFO HCXO^ai EaS'B yBff 

Ho Meiaeu He fiujii nocjii;(OBaT6JiLBiiO(% bii stoh'e oxHonre 
HiB, H Bi> ;ipyrou'B ciry^ai^, saRi nej^asHo ooEadajii> r. IlasHai 
esifl ^, QWh DT^aeTX BpeHtfyntecTBO, no;(o6Ho ;ipeBEHM'B pfNBBa 
Hani ^, oojiomBteJiBHoMy npe;(HecaHiio, a HMeHHo, no dobo, 
scepTBOHpHHOineHia Ha^ajiBHHRauH 12*te HspaHJiLCRnrB EOJrbai 
(o'K^'erj) BO BpeMH ocBflmeflifl HepTBeHHHKa Bt Ckhhih (kh- ^^ 
cejii» Vn, 10 H cjitfl,). HecMOTpa sa to, ^o Wh 9to hpbh( 
jnenie bxo;ihjih eocTaBHoio qacTBio uapHbiH 6iraro;iapeTBeBHBii 
aepTBbi(nTin ^d^b^), cocToamiaMeffijtyiipoTiHMi* HSiKBacHoro urtCa 
epeciapx'B yTBep^^^'^i ^^^ ^i"^ BpBHonieHiH HUtJtH &rkcTo TaRso 
Bi» nacxajtBHMe j^bm^ Karb o(»i> btom'b cbha'6t6JIbctb7iot^ Z\>(7i 
O^eds Bi. pysoBHCHOiri co^. Ouaph HexMadu (idhj itik) Ha m 

JIeBHT% (yn, 15)' H 8a HEMt Apom HtCKOMudio B% ^ByXB CBO 

Hxib co^meeHiHx'E *, KOTopHe o6a, pasyu'l^eTCHy ropn^o nojieMB3Bpj; 

lOTli Cb OE6apHT0Ml», 

Oabh'b BecBHa Ba^HMfi nyBSTE bx pejurriosHofi upasTHR'b 
B^ EOTopoMii Meiueu meirh cBoefi ocoCofl ;];oporofiy aio oupe^^lib 



* Revue d, et j., tumi st^ 156—7. 

* T. e. DpHBQiit]iiiii.Bo, BO B% ^aflflOM'b CJTT^at, TftK^ saKi ynorpeSieai 
XBacEoro bi Ilacxy ecT& n^3 u v'& nv^n nS , to m p&BBBBCxoMy BostpMi 
sepTBonpBBomeRie Mono tou^ro b»1tb MtcTo Basi iCBiDieoie Aia AaBBaii 
ciy^aa (nye^ n«iin), 

* Re^iie, Taiii. ate (CTp* 181—2): ^a low pajyn ms [i«3 ^yi Sh nafo] nj?n |; 

D«K*v^ 3** on *3 B3in2 nocn nVm o'uvSon 'O' t vw oaaip vanpn D^H^ar^ mn [a * 

B T. j^. OTBOCiiTejKSQ cioBa m^D | ynorpeGijaex&ro kbpelhiickbiib oBcuTeiaifB 
8BaieHia coMtmniji^ cp. Moe aaMt^iaHle bt, Ueuvres completes de R. Saadla ^ 
Derenbourg, v. IX* p* 173, note 24, cp. xawKe SnvK aj<()aB. 301^ Cyxaa 'b , 

4 Cm. x^ p (j, 42C), Fflt ApoBi roBopicnr mrm tnn ^issyn nra mn 
nvjmDt o^K^BTi?! nias'^D n'i«n it*ani fcn onb mian inpnS '\if\ hdb r*Bf t"$ym r 
rnmnSo t*uw rrp a^^nDitn la^oam in^pin' (BcnpaBjeBie ci, M^n wb mn^ iipej(iii 
raeMoe IIo3HaHCKSir&, bq Byxaoi Tatn. iaKi> BapaaitM ynotpeOjiBDTi* rnin rai 
se Bi cMucit ptmeala pemrioBBaro Boiipoca=tn poe). A bi cBoeMi sok 
XBHTapiB Ba UATBXBBxie 7ir\%e\ ins^ ^. lY (i. lOa), ApoDi» mmeri: m va 
ianpn> o^*r»3n la^Tpn wto:^ (t. e* onpeAiiHjr^ ycTaBOBUrB) x^'hon inn ^naajr 



— 17 — 



jwia Haqaji& pejisrioaHaro aha '. Kslkt> pa66aBBTU| rM% ka- 
! yamu, Ba^HBaiOTb pejHriosHuft ;ieHB ci> apexniecTByioiitaro b6- 
Vdpa (Be^dpa Kaayaa); Meuim se yTB6p2K;(aJi% (no CBB^tTeJiE- 
cfBy BBimeynoufiHyTaro Tofiia OBe^a), tto peiEriosHufi j(6EE 
Ba^HHaeTOfl c% yrpa h KOH^aeTca cjii^iyioii^efl sa bhvb Ho^ifcio. 
noBOAOM^ K^ Tovy, BirpoTOM'^i MorjEo no^aTB nocTaHOBJEeaie 
OffBOceTenfio ynorpedjieBifl CBanieHHHKaMH zpaifa bib nEmy sep- 
TB6HBaro MJica, b% iieiTB ho% cJit^oBajia 8a }t,Eswh (mu yBHjiBifi 
MEWby mo a n% Apyrous nyHErt epeciapx'L CTapaJics noApasan 
irpaKTHKt zpaua), MoserB 6uTh Tasse^ ^to Anam^ ytBeps- 
X^fimift, qro cyiiepKE cvHTaiOTCfl h rii npe}s:hmjijm,Buj j^m^ h kx 
nocjrfe^yiOQteuy ^, Obijtb RocBeoHoa opg^HHofl H0B0BBe;^6Hlji Memeu, 
Caico C06010 pasyiiieTCfi, ^to RapaHMi> ToBifl cTapaexciEE onpoaep* 

IraxB nocj'bAHflro, h A'l^jiaerL bto b% BecLica CTpacTHoin> toh^ '* 
iiPI .0^ laa I'm) iSa jitfmn rTnS fo 01 'si i.Tpm* i^^j^d iw» njy nwr btA fon 
w^fAo fry n*03n nsv leio o^Soa mi'n .mui 01*2 u lanpnif a^no ■ t< f, 

' OrtpiiTid I oCiAcaeBie droro ujmmi ecT^ taivse sacjyra r. lIosiaBOiaTO 
m. Befue, TaH\ se, crp. 169 t ciix. 

' Ch. Bitmo cioaa AaaBa oTaocureabBo oCplaaBiA b% 0766017, rAt Qooit 
Ji|ivieAeflBuii» ciQWh -yntho :3'B?nnDi n^DVo 2'»nno c^ij^n psn , A.taBi npoioj- 
MMm erne: -niinD iS3»«n a^y^ mnS di^ irj? nyaiK3 ^ivkid a*n5i moi*o a^wnno 

H C!» 1«T. 'cnnD '3| ^DVioa i3^>n . nno'?Di n^oi^D p*Aii?n pa^ n^S ni«p Kpn nanr^K 
Hnn rrS nrap >«Si, 01^ n^S nrapi pnp w na^a h\^:in nS^oi iry in dp w >a'D» 
Hup 16 |9Hr nawai] rvavVi p.-uma vaipo HpT nanroi nari e^anvn ra inb p*ia!F 
r ff^ t*feo B T. ;i. KBpKcaHB, lOTopuB Heyj(oyM*Ba6rb (oti, VIII, n. 11 :Siip» 
SBTp np^^n tSt I*" • • - ytm npi Duijm j^a ]it pjt*ipSii |0 npMOJti ni'jKjSx on 
srtit p pa^ Bj^ai iVi ]]? n5fi> dSc niS«j^»« dmi mdud »icij |o^ di^Sh p \^dv \o 
ro p\) saB% Anauh cTiTaji» cfxepKi; ae ailiii Gmtb hosstv npejii co6on 
noro «icTa; cp. xoe bsa, cip. ai8. 

* Revue, rani so, (crp, 164 i crt|.); ^i«i»^a| lyS ip^a Dp *A ^a u'fin ijrr 
pan rmanpn »d*^ n*«^ian ^o^ nir oSa npa ij^ *ipao on o*D^n 'a ioi«*w r^« [oSipS 

rr\*\ "iVK pna oxyai^a »nDnm Kton San b^n iiaai cam D)?aTa ^nj» rrK n^i ^a 
iimm itajyni |ia»nn loa Sitir^ Tina d^hyd^ nnnen nin oi^n iv> '?mr» 
eroa f^f )| "jai »*?»^ xhv ^^'^oa ^ai inun |wS Msh^ nan ^p a*if>c »3K1 • nann ornDai 
%jia o»Vtj? nit iwK I T, |. 



— 18 — 

Ho jTioOonbiTHo TO, qio h B^ paBBHHCKoft itHTepaTypt coxpase* 
jiacb nojreMBKa, HanpasjieHBaH noBEji^muouY (RaKi» ciipaB6;(iff&o 
aatttqaeti IIodsaHCEifl) npoTiiB^ Meiaeu a ero Qoc^'b;^OBaTe^eA. 
Bn nojieifHita aaMioiaeTCfl b'b TaK^ eaawB. JIoCAaniu CyOOomu 
(natyn m^K) BHaMeHtttaro IfSm-dspu. Oteni BOBtflineft KpatirsH 
B'B eBpeflcKoB HCTopia a iHTepaTypi^f 0* X Panonoprm^ o6paTi[Ji'& 
BHHiraBie Ba BBBiciie HJia;^[naro coBpeifeBBBEa HfiHii-ddpbi, aa* 
BtcTBaro nyreinecTBeHHHRa BeniaMuna TydeAucHaio^ tto am 
ocTpoBt Kenpt mmm ^efiu c^rtUi flaqHHaBmefl npasABOBasie 
cfMoTbi sd e^ oflTBBi^H BO^epoM'S, a fh cyCCoTHaro yrpa ^ ; jn 
BTBicii ceKTaaraifb PanonopTii oxHocm sej^EHa BUxo^iKa E6hi>« 
9dpBi a ero npouflTia npoiBB^ 6peTHS0Bi> a aeB'bpHUxi (o'r^^f 
riMM ^non) t Barb oh% ax's HaauBaarB* Ho noEotaua yqea&ie 
Fpernvfi ^ H Po3um ' fiBuia ckjiohbu xFnaTB, ^ito H(iB*B-3apa 
Biitji^ BB Ba;c7 BByaa Pania, paanaaa GaMijuAa 6em Meupa 
BB'h PaMepiD (PamfiaMa). 

BoceuBHaAixaT& jf&rB i-oe; Haaa;ii, a aiitJi^ cjnyqafl Bucsa^ 
eaxLca dpothbi> aroro ooc^'bAHBro npejiaojiosegifl a Bi noi&aj 
raaoTeau PanonopTa ^^ ^to HSa'B-Sapa miiiii Bt bba7 H6 BByui 
Patau ^ a Khqpcebx'e epeTBBOB'bi voaiiaHyTHXi y coBpeHeHaard] 
eny nyTetnecTBeHEaEa (jipyrarB epeTBEoai, Ha^aaaBinax'B pejua* 
rioaauft a^bl ctb yxpa, Tor^a HeasB'bcTea 6hjio) ^. 



HoA^epiiRyTUfl ciooa !lci3BaB€Kil (crp, 184 npiii. 4) othochti s^ Memgu 
noTOMf *iTo 081 cj4j(0Bftii pa65aiitTCivOMy KaieHiipD; bo ropasAo BtpoaTeie7 
qio an cioea otBocarcH ii\ lo|K)6oaiif i ^to TqbHa iiitien bi BQjtj cioBt Kvp- 
KWcaEi (oT|. I, ri. 5; M% Moeii^ bsa- ^"^P* ^^^)» soropuai Bapoiem, obi sd 
Bipao npBiiBBen, a iii6bbo« tro caHApiTiHe iHisi^ laieeAapb, npsaicuBae* 
Myi BB3BABB0My ispaiibCEoiiy i^apD *^y^'}? ^hif i^nvSti &n \nr\^ amu an^if om) 

,(D3?aT^ nia^j^ in nan Sup' onV 

* Tra?ela of Bcntamiii of Tudele, ed., Aslicr I, 25. U, 56—7. 

* Graotz, Geschiclito der Judon VP, il5— 16. 
■ Rosin, R. Samuol ben Meir als Schiifterklarcr, p. 76; Commonlar do 

E. Sam. b, M, p. XXXl; Rcimo u. Godtchte des Abraham iba Esra IT, 
Anm. 18. 

* Cm. aoe cot. Neuaofgefundene Hebraische Bibelbandstrbriften, cip. S%- 

* M. FrMlander e Garter (Jewish Qnarterly Rewiev YIII, 153, not© 2> 
Biaii lOBce opo aoi pascjSjieBia qH btomi opeAaail. 



— 19 — 

HuB^ r. HodaaacRit, npssaaeaff BtpHocTb most^ aoboaob^ S 
c&»H9eTca oAQASO Bi nojibay npexnojioseEiff, ira SHaiieHHtut 
Bnerer^ XII cTOJitTia eoopysaJicfl ee npoTBBi sBiejiefi Kaopa, 
rx'fe (00 MfitHiio r. nosaaHCsaro) aBi> BtpoflTHo EBSorAa He Obi- 
BajTby a npoTHB^ Metueu a ero npaaepseHi^eBi; ho bt> ROB^t 
soHi^OBi IIosHaHcsift jtflUYCKMTbf ^To SBOpcEie epaTHKH BeBia- 
ifBHa Ty^ejiBcsaro he Oo^te^ hb Mea'fee sasi ocraTsa Memeu- 
ma<^i BHcaiBBmaxca na ocTpoBi> Kanp^ ^. IIo uoeKy, c^btofo 
lldtiiaBcmHy ci'6;ioBajro Ou h Ha^iaTE, tbe^ KaKi» ueihM xe 
;iairyeTiT&» tto Ty/^encsift nyxeaiecTBeHHBS'B BU^^yMaJEix H66h* 
iUbt^BBf KaapcsBzii oeKTaaTaxi, m nn KaK% Htn aaBasofl 

BttBtpOflTaOCTH B^ TOin> Dpe^^HOJIOSeBiWi ^TO H0H^-98pa, BO 

qMCflCBOHX'L MHoroqacJteaaiinc'B nyiemecTBit^ noctmaiTBH ocrpoB^ 
Ksnp^'i HtTB, aaRoaeui, HHRasoB Heo6xo^HMocTH at toui^, ^itoG^ 
XU OiBAEOM^eHiH c% JEBTepaTypHHMB npoa9Be;^6Hiaifa coKTaHTOBi 
esy HenpevbHHo HaAo5ao Gbijio laqao HoGHaatb aa osaa^eaHoirB 
oerpoBt; ob^ vora bbx'6tb nx-h a bamh otx axi* ni^cTosBTejiB- 
CfBa. 

BoBBpantaacE ki Metueu a ero BOBmecTBaniii mu a^isbu 
ant^THTB eE(e o;(bo hbii aax-B, npaBoxanoe y KBpSBcaHH (ota- 1, 

17) H ^pyrax% sapaBMCsaxii aacaiejiefi. Epeciapx-B em6hho 
ynepxxui, nro Eu6Aa (oGpan^aaie jiBiia bo apeMa KoiBTBiit) 
JVDitaBaa 6bit& ae wh cropoay iepycajiBHcaaro xpaua, aaEi» opa* 
nmcyeTCfl y paSOaaaTOBi* a KapaeifOBii ^^ a AoJi^aa aes^t 6biTi^ 
n aanaAy* Kpon^fe Fa^^aca, KOToputt jij^enrh CysBaJibaHft nepe- 
60 A% BToro MtcTa KapKHCaBB, cioaa nocJ'bAHflro apaBOXBTca 
taKse y Ie<|)eTa ^, ay Apoaa HasoMBAio ^. naacsepii nojia- 



* 9fo irpmxi raise nonoliiil Ioci<fiii XepikitSfpi n ReTne d, 6t j. 
' Rovao des eL j. XXXVI, 17^—180, 

* Bet ou upoiifmicTBeavo oCBOBuiairrca aa la. J^aaliia (TI, U), fro 
io Bpam voiVTBu oeio ((hio f Htro orKpttro b% lattpaBiftaie k% lepycaiiiry. 

* Cm. Ilmaca«pa (U, 88) ; viom^] n'-i^ ^anBpp*7i» simaa [dn »3] Wa wm lAi 
» inn lAfinn opo >3 nun n>n i«in ^:» |hht. nn»ol nsi^ *d ijfa lao kvi ^a |Sh 

*(rTpon rr*3) p'tona Sn rivw orr'v on^roa n%i^» ^o i]?a nitn mn »3i .aiyo 
^ Ca. ro p (i. 69*): , vnpDn niao nwitto nui^n rtmh nc*» Sa nan* ja ^ 



— 20 — 

TMThf QTO ocHOBaHieir'B epecjapxy cjiysflio [to o6cTaflTeJiBCTBo> 
^TO fix iepycajiaucEOMx xpau'^^ RaBi» yT8eps;^aiOTL Ebvlomb^o * 
H Baum^H ^y oGpaoiaiHCb npe ifoJiHTB'& ri> 8ana;iy. Bosmosbo 
TaKse, ^TO ofiii ocHODMBajicfl Ha yTseps^duia H'bROTOpBixx jtpes- 
BBx% pafiBaQOBii, ^TO nr:32r (iae2:?/»6^, opucyrcxBie Bosie) eaio* 
ABT&cfl Ha saQa;];^ ^. 

BorB Bce, ^to nosaifficTT) noiosHTeiEHo hsb'I^ctho o hobobi 
AeHmxii Memeu h ero noci['6AOBaT6Jiefl« 

Bnpoqeifi, bzi> o^Horo MibcTa wb eoqanefliH Rapaaifa TobIsj 
Hs^aBHaro IIoaHaQCKHMii, xoth oho Haoncano ;e(OBoaBHo seoapa^ 
AtJieHHO, Bce-TaKH mo:bso sasjiEoiETE, ^to btotb epeciap» 0Tm%\ 
HKJi% xaKse MHoro aaROHooDjioffieHifi h orpaMB^eiift OTHocBTejiBH^] 
HHiqH H OHTBH, saopeiaeHHbixii ^paROBi, cyfiSoTU H QpasAQHKOB^y 

JiefiHTCKOd qHCTOTH H T. E. ^. 

ToTx S6 ToBifi FOBopHTij HO onflfB-TaEH HeHCHO, OTO Meme% 



flTflo 3aBMCTB0Baji y FiAacn iib letficTi. 

* Cm, p$ p , T&iii se : itt?«3 aijmn laia vtiaa SSenD;i nSapna ^rorvi nin 
vi'irvi8>.i in» onj^i baa*? na rrp ii*3H orroici h t. jj. -ii^^o tx^ w^p03 jnKn n^f| 
ni4! n'p nro no* p Bfnpon n>aar inm » D*\nnwD -jS o^orn »aT«t *idw \s\ • 2iyo 

xp. O/fK-a V, 4 

* Cm* ih^Sk niiif (n. Ill bsi rf?Dft J^ap , i. &56]: nn^n rnpoa mruiafan nn 

* Ci, TajMyj^i Tp. Ba6a Eampa (j. 35ft) : nrara «i*tji Inaiyol «inn •»»! 
a'tiTDa n3>3w ich ^ruK ^ani . • • nbpn oipD ip^Tin«? laini^S n2iB pnmi ims '?2n*in 

* ReTQQ d, et j., tumi sa (crp. 181), ^Aiwar Sban nr 'yj; iipoV dtk Sai^ 
ipnnr WKn ♦paSj?a^« m»o ptpSn jijr'?j loa nwi yan^ it ok 'a n'jH«?n m^ 
^H'>»* p» x^onn w« naytn Spa (\ub f pip aar o^S*ij? n« «trti taiitj SiKr Sh nn* ^a nnii 
lA ■nwt T^TH tmw nDii iip f?a o idi? omSjh hy\ 'smr* ^nSuS Kin niiM -'31^ oyai 
Sl)^ Dn>Sjf Spm ^Y^ eij^^o inii*i |o ij^oa? San rnifo in hmi nin* nm '^< mt tpt 

njn tsijyoa o^iPiipDn pwron *>> ny^o S^Sni mnoi 1 t. jj. (IIosBaHCili ToiiyeTi 
BUpftBBHie D^iov p« Bx aBft^eBie HveapmcKaio euna^ hto Blpao no cyoiBOCTtJ 
bo 6uTb Moserb bm. dhdv cjIa. hbt, o^noa lu onoia teki. rbki ejts&iJi 
ToBli iMin Bi BBjq^r CaMafumnm; cp, TuMf j^i^ ip. ^^fiif«, x. 6b>« 



— 21 — 

0a crapo€TH Jiivb nepemejTB bi xpncTiaHCTBO ^, 9to o;^HaKo e^Ba 

JB flCTOpH^ecKE BtpHO, TaiCB EaRi flSB'fecTie ToBm aaojiEpoeaHa « 

a KEpsacaBB, KOTopbift no BpeueHH h irbcTy Omjtl ropasAO fiJiBse 

iToBifl K-b epeciapxy h ROTopuS Be Meaiba peBBOCTBo crapaeTca 

|€96pBHT& BocJTt;(EBro, o6'B SToifi. B6 ynouEBaeTB, ^TO OE^ E6 

Sexaeyilli 6U Ji^^lATh, BCJIBCi STO 5mJ[0 fl3BtCTEbIEl» (JiaKTOlTB, 

}KOp'^ HBt EtpoflTHO, QTo ^0 ToBiE A^^oura aereE^ia, paeny* 
Bicaa npoTHBEBKaME MetudUf seaaBUHXi ABCRpe;iHpoBaTB 
iapxa B'bFJiaBaz'i.EapaEMOB'i.. Boseohbo TaKse, qTO b^ nujiy 
|ooj6MERfl ToBifl BOBBeji^ OAEy Easyio-JiEGo ycTyosy xpECxiaflCTBy 
eropofiu Memeu wh norayB) EepeiciEy bh'b pejiEriE. 
IdfHirb oficTOETejiLCTBOifB ofiihacEBeTeE, na^eiiy ra^acE, laR'B 
'iCBoro boit&soBaBmarocE coqEEeBiflVE cBoero cTapinaro seujiERa 

ToBlfl ^ , E TaRl» peBBOCf BO E CXpaCTHO OTBOCEBDiarOCE Rl peJIB- 
JrioaSHlTB A^JiaiTB E Rl EEOBtpaair^ ^, OPEBOAETB 06BEHeEiE 

EpoTBBit Memou ebx coqEEesiH KBpREcaEE, bo ne BaMeRaerB 
\XUBB aa ofiBEfleHie Toaia. 

Hax npe^i^EAyniaro BaioseaiE Bcero EBB^ctaaro o cymaocTE 
dSBiiu Meiueu beaho, qro CBRapaBHCiBOii'B obi bm^jtb oGn^eSp 
BO nepauxx, oxBepseBie TpaAEi^iaBBaro iyAaEBiia a CTpeirjieBie 
jeoopyxHTb aa ero MibcTt aoaoe SAaaie; bo BTopux^, apBSBaBie 

BteOTOpiiIME RapaHMCREMH UOCTaHOBAeBiBHE Teop&THiieCROfl 

[ifloeTE npa B6B03Eoshocth opHiitBaTB aa npaRTHRt oTcxyn- 



' Kevue Tun xe (cxp. 182), oco6eflflo uicTo: pni'\ ^no di? pv^ j)^Sa n^oj^M 

[ in* >A Mill 13 np^it ru*w DJ *3 pDsn iin ? mo lai '^^ ^s? Di?»»in*3 k^ySi Sww hski 

• iA3pT njrS jnimSit 'J iDjr (aa Koro obi. laiieiaeTi?) %niDd npv it^i3 «3 

Cp. Zunz Gottesd. Yortrftge, 2 is^. crp. 408; Delitzcsli AnekdoUi crp. 315 
|312; IliBcKeDt. II, 89 iip>M.; TpeTiti, GeschichtCf V^450; lIosHiBCKlfl, Tarb se 

* Cm. ic::n ^^vm ai^JtiBBn 187, 6fKBa '* ^i. 76i), &i(|)iB. 381, $|XBa ,J; 
Id* 106b) cot.: ima -«iik ^ AKfiaB, 33, 6fi. 'n (i. 21b), aii]iBB. 187^ 6yr i; 
[(L 7ei), ftj4»aB. 98, 671. T (1. 43a}, aj(]). 341, 6yB. 'd (1. 92a}. 

' HacTfc aBTflxpflCTiaHCKBXi M*CTE «3ieToro C01., BCEtio^6Beyi% i^eBsypoB 
IsaaetaTaBa ^^paMsejeiii b\ Moiiat^oiirift la 1882 rojii; 6ojune iiaAaji. Baxepi 
In Je^iali Quartarty Review VIII^ 441—444, 



HcTopH^ecRie onepRH KapasMCTBa. 

(H3t 3TMA0B^ EBPEflCKHXli CBKTAXl), 



(DpoiloiateBla *), 

§ 5. MjKa;imifl coBpeMeHHBK^, BtpojiTBo b yq6aHKi>, Ecmausa 
On^apu (cir. npeAi>HWiHi* §)i ^yca adh*3a^paHu^ e^b^ctruA no^ 
npoaBaeidicii AOy-Empana aAh-Tu^Aucu (OEOJio noJioBHHH IX cto- 
Jriwuer no P. X.)« c^axaeTCfi Taitme acHo&aTejeirb o^iHoro hs^ sa- 

piBMCKBX^ TOJISOBl*. FlEBHUfi ECTOqHUR'B CB'bj^iHit BBWb — yaO" 

HXByroe co^HHeme ^KyOa KapRacaHH, r;it o Hameiii epeciapxt 
roBopHTCfl cJitxyK)mee: ^Buttrt ct sthmh * e dqcji* ehx-b smxh 
Mpca ojkh'Sa^paHUy ROTopLift TasA6CTBeBi> cl b3B'6ctbbim'B hoA'B 
qiOIBaHieicib Atk/'EMpaua * aj^h-Tu0Aucu, Owb 6hiAi> H^^ aurrejieft 
Bar^j^, HO BOJiy^HJi^ nposBaHie Tu^aucu^ flOTOMy tto oh'^ oxopa- 
Bfuea Bit Tt«^4iic», soTopHfi 6CT& ropo;x'^ b'l ^IpjH^fii*, h ooce- 
siiJicB TaM'By rA'6 HHorie ctejib nocji'6;ioBaTejiHMH ero yqema, a 
Xo cHxii nopii npBBepseBM oocji'l^^cBeHy. Iloc:it^oBn.Tei[R IIcMaHJia 
OKOapa yTBeps^aiOTt, qio AOy-HMpaHi* 6u]n> yqeHBKOMt HcKa- 
Bia B y DocjitiBBro obi aoayiBJii, cBoe yqesoe BocflBxaHie* ^ 
Bb ^tpyroM^ M^rb KapKHcaHH nameTi 06% A5^'Empanf^ eMft- 



^ C«. BocxojTt 18S8 ro;ti. 

* PftBboie y KipRHcaai roBopiTCs o6i Hcicasjt OKOapi 1 BealaniBl 

* A6y'EMpam ecTb o6y<rHoe &pa6cKoe npoasaste iii^a no VMefli Myca 
(Moicei), 004011; a MoBceft MatHOBiiAi> ao<:iii a to DposBaaie. 

A CoOcTBeeiio, b^ Fpysii, ao apaOcide iMcaTeii hacto ciitmBBaioTi sri 
crpaau. 

* KipsBcaai b^ noen BSA^atB, crp. 285: ^^^cjrf^M *eio Qrnj^si ^^^iin 90 iitsd 

nsK mpi H^vntnth wn^o^n lua juiop nan i»* |«3^r naap^n S^pooit ai*mrHt .jwu n'Mj'jH 



72 



Khrkeh Bocxom* 



Tu^Aucu (e MoAuKfb aAh'PoMAu) c3rbji,yiouxeei <MBt yse CKasajiv, 
^TO aTH o5a B6 cocTaBHJiE coqaaeBia o sasoHaxi* ^; tojtbko-^to 

05a OHH npOTiIBOp*qBJIH 0(5meCTBy (pafiCaHHTOBI.) BX fffeKOTOpHX% 

nyHKTarB. Tas^ HanpsMtpi* othoc]IT6Jibho npaaji^HOBaHJfl UBTEjifi- 
CflTHHiiH Bt BocKpeceoie, ynoTpeC^Jieaifl b^l ubju^y xBOCTHaro sKpa 
(oeei^) E ;(pyrBX'b ;kepemx'b qacTed, aeeBHTBt^H ea njieuHHEHi^ 
ora (Jpaia b cecipH h t* d, ^Ito me KacaeTCE o;(Boro Aa^-Tu^- 
Aueu^ TO xoM 0H% corsainajicfl ct MetHieir^ HcMauAa (OKfiapn) 
B% lowb, nro HOBMfi vi^c^mi EaqBHaeTCH cb MOMeBTa oxjcbiieHiji 
fiOBofi JiyHM OTh cojiHua, oABaKo oHt paaomejicfl ct nocjitAEHMii 

B^ TOlf'b, ^TO npEHBMaJ[l> da HOBBltt W^QMWh BBCb ^eUh^ B*B ROTO- 

ptift npoHsomjio aio oT^'feiieaie *. Owb cociaeEa'B OTfl^Tw sa bo- 
npocBi, EOTopne OB'S npBnBeiiifiaen> Xmiu, HaiiEcajii> oei* TaiUKe 

'r6Tpa;|E ;(03B0JieEH0CTE MBca» *. 

OClBCHBM'B H*EOTOpWfl EO^tpO^BOCTB B^ HSB-feCTIJIXI* KEpKHCaHH. 

npoBBaaie SToro epeciapxa Ajth'Sa^paHu Ojkiept^kj * yKH- 

BEJBaeTl Ha to, ^TO OHIi po;iflJ!CB EJIE KEJI'B HtKOTOpoe BpeMfl Fb 

Mi^cTHOCTE Sa^pauin ^imrh Bar^^a^a ^ oTKy^a obi Btiocjr6ACTfiiB 
iiepecejiEJieH b'b caMyio CToaei^y xaJtE(|)aTa. Bapoqen, cyB^e* 



^ 3i'bcii Ktpxtcaag, noBiAmoBTj, omii6&6Tcfl| Tasi sasi. Bume y sero vo 
fiaxoArrcfl sto esEicTle; ho 6utl Hosen, ^to 0611 btomii 6uift pt^b y Hero EO 
BB8X6fiii Ki vKBirl cBiTBJi'', 03% soToparo xomiE Ao Bac^ toii>so dtpubkl 

i Osidapi, EaBi» MM BB^B BMrno (lY, § 3)f GHBTai'i Ba^aioHi BOBaro irl- 

CBI^a KOIieBTIi p0Z;i6Blfl SOBOiyBiB. 

B HsBtcTia KipRacaaji, crp, 815: \WMy$ *3m 13*i ^a nvj^ DUtoSit ^k^Sm 

r»33i«i niay^JKi h^'jk'jk onnm iah'^w:! msi)^VK Sno nTO^ i«*rit ^b nynD^'Jn hoShs 

♦npnuBO^K n*B j?pfi ^t*?m oi^^« ^i» Tio •inc^Si* dkt isn* t«3 njKa ?ib*7K3 niK mSk S^yoon 

.onSSn pnSo** ^b px-ii** t«^*i« nSi n*'n ^Sk naea' ^^kdo nrrtia nSi 

Hi. xpynxi oTAtiaii CBoero ca^iflaeBlfl, rAt KipstcaBE no;^po6Ho Boipa* 

xaen Bdm ceKraBraKi (HeKapaBHaMi)^ ohi BaBtpHo TpaKTyen oGcToareifcBO 

TBBse Xb(|)jicb; bo a eme se Baoidii droro MtcTa bi pyKonBcax^ Hun. 

4 B-h coq. *)BDn Sse^M leryjiu FaAacu (i. 41, ajit>aB» 98, 0ys, >) QepeMtqdBii 
TOiiKo 6yKBy bi> BToiti npoiaaiii ('jptiiAi^it bm. nMnDifT^)« Bo bc^kom% ciyiat 
niflCBepii omiOaeTCflf BcnpasiBJi bto ciobo wh ^^nstitSM soiopod Ojato oSoas^ 
^aen siTBia ropoAa Mc^azam (^tsip'; 1| 26; y Bero saiHCTBOBaii FoTiofSep^ 
mp3, CTp. 201). 

* lacQt, Geograph. Worterbuch, ed. Wiisteiifeld, \, II crp* 931* 



HCTOPflilSCEIS OqSPSB KAPAHKCTBA, 



CTBjeri eme MtcTSoctt no;^'L HaaiieeoBaHieii'B Sa^pam (jmwt), 
fmjMjsk Korio 6bi oCpasoeaT&CH nposBaaie AAt-Sa^panu^ ho STa 
[>pafl tficTBocTb JieacarB ;tajL&me bx Hepcia, 6JtH^^ PaMaAaBa'. 
SjAxyen. sau-feTHTii, qxc cyn^ecTBOBaJia TaRse HycyjiLMaHC£UiLfl 
lesim nojt'L HasBaBieiti* Sa^panin («Tjiti£;n^M) '^ B^poaxHo ucbo* 
laE JiEi^oM^f Tas^e npoacxojcaemHM'B hsI) dTofi irbcTHocTE^ 
?opa8Ao HHiepecH'^e ;uh Haci> usB'fecTie KapKBcaHo, qro Booast;^* 
CTBiH 8ToA MoHceft EepecenHacfl h3i> BarAa^a s'h ropo;^!* Xu^auc% 
(b^ SasaBEasm), v^^ owh ocTaJScfl hbtb h rj(t obi* Hani6jn>, pa- 
teTcB cpeAB TaMoniHaro eBpeficaaro HaceJieHia, MHoro BpHBep- 
S6Hi^eBi> H 0GH0BaJti» xaiCB ceKxy, cyn^ecTBOBaBmyio en^e bo Bpetffl 
KKpKHcaHB {wh 20-rb, e 30'XX ro^iax'B X BtKa), a TaKsee b nosse, 
saE^ yBH;iBH% HHse. 9to bo bcheomii c^y^a*]^ j^oRa3BiBa6Ti>, ^to 

Vh IX — X CTOJltTiaX'B FB TH$iIHCt 6hio BHa^HTeJIbHOe 6Bpefl' 

cEoe BacejieBie. Ed's apMBBcsHU h rpy8BHCRBXi> BCToqBBEOB^ 

6iU0 BBBtCTBO Cyn^BCTBOBaBlH Bl* ;ip6BHiH Bp61f6Ba MHOro^BC* 

seaaaro eBpeflcKaro eacejieBifl na KaBsast Boofin^e ^; ho cEiei^iajiBHO 
ropo;rfe TH(I)JiHct, na ckoibko & 8Haio, cb^a'^hlB ns^b dioxii 
ICTO^BBROB^ ;tO CHXt Hopi. H© o(5Bapo;noBaHO. 

Xu$M, Ba Bonpocbi Roero Th^jihch HanHcan'B otb-^th, 663co- 
MHtHHO epexaRX Xum aju-Eajixu (bo Biopofl noiiOBflHt IX Btaa), 
HaoHeaBinifl 200 BonpocoBi h BospaHeHiil HpoTHBi Cb. UacaHiB, 
H eny otb'I&tbjib xaRse Caa;iiH TaoBiiy CajicoH'B 6, lapyiaM^ 
H ;(p.) K ?T0 se RacaeTCH sanacRH Th(|)jihch o ;^03B0JieHia Mflca, 
xo oaa 6uia BanpaBJieHa npoTHBi) HcaB0TOBi>, I0;iraHBT0Bi>, AnaBa 
m 0K6apB, RoTopue BC'b sanpexaJiB ynoTpafiJieHie HHca. Cji'^AOBa* 
TeUBO, EenpaB'B crpHB6;];6BHbift Bbime (§ 4) RapaaH'^Rifl aecaTejiBy 

npe^JECJEBIOn^lfi Tm^JHHCm K% HpOTEBHHRaM'b M£CH0& HBIIIH. 

B"^ ROMMeHxapLB Caa^iiB Paoaa K7> IlBfHRHHaciK) h TaEse Ba- 
inej% ynoMBHaaie Bamero Tu^Aucua u eto yHeHumei, Hc^iHCJiBa 
paaiB^Biafl uwbBiB no onpe;^'bi6HiH} naqajia wtcaufiB'bf BTorb Ta- 



^ lacut, Taiii xe. 

* SchabrasUnl, apa6, teicrt I, 61 — 2; Bin. nepes. I, 9ii — M, 

* dn CB%A^Bl8 5yiB snepBye cadpaDM MaoD Bib Hoeirb coq. Jtiden b slaw. 
Sprmchen, ctp. 125 i cj.» a sarfcrn b* ^BtcTBaKt Pycc. EspeeBx* ro^i I, ctp, 
715^717 ■ cj., HQU% BBAaTeJH „PerecTi» h Ha^iiBcei'' 1, crp. 37 u. cji^.i aa 
c«ui afxaun yooiiaByTL. 

« On. crma b^dko I, 2—3; Stud- i Mltth, V, 147. 



owb roBOpHTB uei&jiy upo^Bwb (ki» kh, EbitIa I, 14 — 18): «^ 
me RacaeTCfl HamBx^ ^poTHBHBfioB^ (bi onpe^^ijcema vbcai^eBrb)! 
TO OHH pasA'^jTjifOTCA Ba I6BHT& napTift, ROTopbifl BBicRadaJiH jxe* 

CflTB MHtBid. OjlEH BS'B HHXli HOCXaBnBHJIB CIBTaTB Sa M'teaU% KaS- 

jihiB 29 ;(Befi, 12 qacoB'B b 793 acTpoHOKBqecsBxi> MBHyTi, h Kor;ta 

8T0 BpeMH EOH^aeTCfl, TO OHH C^BTaH>n TOT'L J^eRh Ha^aHOVTi 

HOBaro MtcHi^a, xota 6h orb Hero ocxajiacL tojibko o;tHa MHsyTa 
if T. ji. 9to yTBepH£;iaioT'i> Aat-Tu^Aueu h ero yqeBHKH^. ^ 

B% pysoQHceoH'B (ttpanteHTi^ eb% nojeMH^ecEaro co?., npE- 
Ha;5JieKamaro B-fepoflTSo TaK»e raoHy(cM.BWEie,IV,§3irpHHcifa- 

HJlt 0K6apH), TO MtCTO, TJlfk ISJIBTh pt^IB Tfl(|)JIHCB, HBUHOra 

EOBpem;i6Ho, ho Btpo^THo BupasaeT'b to me canoe, ^to cKasano 

y EHpKBCaHH \ I 

ToMii, TITO BBBtcTHMfl KapaBMCKifl 3KBererB le^eTTb ynoMi- 
HaeTB MH'&Hie namero TikIjjihch o naqaji'k HOBaro M'^cmia Wy 
CBoeiTB KOMMeHTapiH Kt XII rji. Hcxo;ia — hw sHaeMi H3^ coo6- 
m^BEiM MyHKa ^ 3a to ;ipyroe HSBtcxie, KOTopoe npaBo;^ETca 

HSl EOMM^HTaplH Ie(fl6Ta He K% 12-TB MdJI. DpopOOH'B, a HlteHHO| 

HTo MoHcefl 3a(|)paHH * oTBepraji'B J^o^MaTl» BocKpeceeia MepTBBix*— ] 
Haifb BjiBiffla'fe coMHHTeiibHo. Bo aepB&ix'L, ecjiHOt ohi» Jl'feft- 

CTBBTOJIBHO OTpHHaJI'B BTOTt ^lOniaTB, TO KBpRBCaHB; ROTOpuft 

OTBocBTCfl BecB&ra HenpiflSHeHHo ro Bctiii> He BnojiH'& Btapam* 
cRHMii ceETaHTaicB, He npeMBHyjfB 6hL BMCiaBETL 9T0 Ha noKaa%. 
Bo BTop&ix'Lf irpHHajtJieacHGCTB oana^eHHoft UHiaTH Ie(j[)eTy caM-E 

^ Bon. no^iiBflyfl cJOi& faoaft: nntry niKie p^t 'd ipnneKO nzthut^ ]o noatt 
np*p"i jx'rm ny**p ne^j^jfiK hdv jn»j^i njron in -jnr sKona ^j*p |d onioo anitio 
."iSk mnin np'pi I**?!! n;o Kps* hS (iS») \n» wti orSn ikt sut anonSit •nna^ nw 

CitjiyeTi, em© aaiitTiTi, htq y CaafllH aJ^*Cb CKaiaeo, iro iv ero BoiiMeH- 
raplB II Xri n. bi. iicxo^i oa^ TpaETjert ©Torb np©|iien o6cTOflT«ii»HO* 
AlicTStTeibBOf wh OAHom pyionacHOH'it otpubkI bi Hiia. 117611*1. 6a6iiOT6al 
fiaxoABTca BiioxoHie o^oiBpiaro pascya^eala Taoaa no BTOny npaiiiOTy; n ca- 
saitfllD, oiaat}. pyson. 4ef eKTBa, i BMeaa Tfl4>iflei a hb iamBii» bii co^ia- 

BIBZHeitCfl OTpUBBt. 

■ MtcTo BTO a qiraio i flonoiHai) Citayumii^ o6paaoMi: »D*^En*?K Sp' 0^1 

.nntt? (Sn p*«i n np-wBoSK jw) ^Sy ^oy^ |ii2 
i C«. lost, Israeiltische Annalen 1841, p. 77. 

* Ewald u, Dukoa 11, 31, 2Vd mWn oSiyn nra *3 nom o^najoSgi m^^^h mi 
nvi ,poy \2H ?*)t3n »3T«ri*J»» iiro on^init i7^\^ .maS "i^npS o^non n»inn ru »D yni 



HCTOPfl^BCKIB <niflrKH RAPAHMOTBA. 



76 



mteiTb 8;itc& ^tJio c*b nyTaHBimefl y nepetiHctiaKa JlefiAeHcsot 
pysoOBca, rfeM-b5oJi^ dasoBHOf ^to Ba^aiio npHB6;(eHHofi i^BTaTU 
(qwom^i) nsj^ m), qero Be san^TBJTB J^yEec%, saHMCTBOBaBO 
SBii tMowh Fa^acB B^ ;ipyroMi> MtcTt Buniey noRoropoMy moscbo bc- 
irpasflTB ojiEo cjioBO b-b Bauiefi uBxart *, Ho Bceft BtpoHTHOCTB, 
A&niiBtflmui L'jioBa Bi JlefijieBCKoft pyKODBCHifK iciKtt? ^1tt?B m Kin 
o^ron n^^nn Be 6ojbme EaKi HoeaB nyTaBHBi^ay tbrii KaRi MoBcefl 
Ts^^iBCH HBr^i;^ b-b ;(peBHBXi> BCToqHBKax'b ee BasMoaeTca ^it7D ^. Ho 
ii]pe;Uioji02£eBLK) UsHCRepa^ BBcaTeiL, BasBaeHuft b^ ROMireBTapifl 
H0Qi>-3sphr Ba IlBTflRHQsie BMeHeMi> Mouccm 6em AMpam%%a-napcu^ 
lo«JiecTBeBi> c^aamBifb TB(t)JiBCB, qTOBecBva bormoheo, TaRi> RaR% 
eii%ni6Bie cjobij p o ^3» B^ apaOcRBxt nposeaaifli'B BCTp-feqaeTCS 
vaero. A eejiH dto OTOBCAectBJieBie Btpao, to mm Bn^teM'B otb Ba- 
re TBt{)jiHCH oparBBajiLByio iioin>iTRy npHvapefliii RasyB^arocH 

OpOTBBOptqifl MeS^y ;^ByMfl M^CTailB B'B IlHtBRBBSiB: HCXOAOM^ 

(XII, 5), r^^iroBopBTCBo nacxajii>Boi!2cepTB'j& Bst oBei^i, h Bxopo- 
SBSOBieMik (XVI, 2), r^t yaoMHBaeTca atepTBa B8^ oBe^l^ a 6h- 

KapaBMCRld COBpeVeBBBR'B M6BX-3bPH, ROHCTaBTBBOnOJn>CEift 

iUieaTeit& lery^a Faj^acH, noaLBOBaiicfl, noBHABMOMy, KpoM'^ bsb'^- 
erifl KapKBcaBH, eme b ;ipyrHMB HCTO^iBBRaMH, ' epB^eMi, ero TeM- 



^ CioBzi Jlj^KQca (raKii se, crp. 30) rincaTi: Za Ende dos Commentate etc* 
findet slch folgeode Stelle, Ton dor wir Ubrigeos nicbt wlssozi, o1) sle too 
Jefeth selbst ist. 

* Cm. aaaBag. co^, Faiaci {i, ila, aiifiBS 96, 6yKBa if): m 'aa w vi« 

'131 Dt^nn Sun ompn vi« obiy r^ '3 kS .ihud '733 mm 

Hoceicj ciOBO oiSvn bi BymeapflBeA. i^iTSTt Bd ecTb oiWn, ho aro citjiTdTi 

Bcnpafiin 1 qirarb oiSe^n kbbv y ra;iacB. IIiQCRepi^ ho o6paTiBiQlttTaKZ6 bhb- 

sbhU Ba DepBoaa«iaJt>Bul bctohbbk'v (aa raAacB), xonerii HcnpaaBTb D>^rn 

«BipV 1, 26), qro Decbita BeyjiaHBO. 

' noB^Btimie BApaiMCKie aBcaieiff, Karb Baap. Kajedi> BtJieB^oaoio bi coy. 
^imowe nirxr 1 Mop^exal KyKisoBii bi coy. ^3-)10 "m, Borji y»d bmIti, irpeAT« 
eo6o§ KOMDBianbo aaropa JlelAescKoft pysouBCB. 

* KoMBBBT. HeaT^-aapw KT. Hcxoiy (XII, 5): ^3 'DiBrr Diop |3 nvo 'i nsii 
•ip^i jm n^fl*?!! 'n*7 riDD msTi in»^ini *-*fi ik nw ^tur^^ fii»3i .o^-flro not 3^'n nvn 

'131 n5^3J T31 It*?! ♦frt"in noB Kviir 

* niflCBepv (I, 26) npBitBciiBa6T%| 6e3i Bcasofl oroBopu, Becb paacKaai 
Tuacfl AaBBAy aj^-MoBaxMBcy; lo TaAaca (Ai((*aB* 96 5yK. mi aK^aB. 98 6yB. ^) 



KHHSEa BocxoM* 



H&H H H6ToiiHafl MaHepa BSJioseHifl Tpe6yerb Hi&ECOTOpHxi» paaiifle- 
HeHifl. P&scKaax Faj^acn * rjiaccT'L: fH^t^L^daEoea AOy HicpaHa, no 
HifeHH MonceB ajib*3a(]^paHQ, esBtcTH. iio;^ii npo8BaHieM*b A^j- 
BirpaHa ajit Tb^rhce^ EOTopBxt nepecejiHJica H3t> CBoefl iitCTBOCTB 
B-B CTpany Tfl(J»;iaca, h HcMaHJia^ Ajil OsSapH h ero ToeapBmeft* 
HSirbHflEon^HX'L 3aK0B'L. Ofl'L (Th(I)jibch) cT^tJiBJicH 0T% (espeft- 

CROfi) 05m;BHbJ B'B HtKOTOpHXt ^tJiaXL. TaKt Hanp. OHl. C^H- 

TB^JTb Ha^aJio ukmujBL CO BpeMeHH cRpMTiH JiyHbz, nojiaraHCb Ha 
BBo;^flii^i6 B'B saCjyffiAeHie CaOjieflcttie cthxe, (a HMeHeo) ctht'b 
4-fl Bt LXXXI ncaJiM-fe, KOToptiit oei> oCSBacHSJi^ 6e3Ha;ieatH£jMH 
H HeBtpHHBiMB ToJiKOBaHiBMH. Ohii TaR%e ^ j^oBBOiiHJi'B yiia* 
Tpe^Jieeie b% unmj Mflca bm-^ct^ cb ero caJioHB pasHBixi) bh* 

^^OBT* * DO BpeMfl BBPHaHiH, DO TOft DpEiqHe'li, ^ITO OHH BMtCT6 

cocTaBJifliOT'B OAHO rfeso. Owh sanpemaerB acesHTBCfl Ha OiieMflH* 
HHi;*^ OTi> Opaia m cecTpw, kek-b 8T0 ;itJiaiOT'B KapaHsrbi, ne^iajiB- 
BaKH CioHa, SaupemajiTi oh-l TaKste acHpeHfi xboctb (y obcub) e 
Maxsy cb yTpo^Hbiii'E ^-feTeeBimeMTi, - a naTo;^ecflTHHii;y obtj Be* 
atJi'B npaaj^eoBaiB b*b BOCKpeceHie, 00^0600 KapaBuaMi, ne^ajiB- 
HHKaH'B ipaiia a ropo^a lepycajieira, IIoaBHJicfl Hce 3TorB A(Sy- 
HvpaHi> BO BpeMH ManBRa aJiB-PaMJiaf h t. ji. ®. 
ccMjaeica nn co^iatHiiTnocjrfeAaflro xoibKo OTQOCttTaiiBO iSBicrli ciuiapiTH- 
BAi'Lt ca^iyReaxt i uarapiftuai%, iota Btpoi[Tflo 0Q^ Eoii^soBaiCfl btimi coit- 
aeHlflEH Tavme n b^ oafiiCTiflX'k apfi'biI} cesTaxi. no KtpRBcafla* 

• Cm. coi, '»is3n h^wn (i, 41 ;(^ aj(}>ae. 98, C jb. i?'c at): n*?i^ ^^^ at n^*T» 
V^jrcom 'D'Scn ns'iD Sk pnyan (lax. ^hibptSk) ^arKitiSK ripo \ov (tar. pDj7) 
wv '\tiHV .onn« on^ia mj^ri p fiSnn^i tio: m^e .imm *rSnD >'Tan ^nasjySm 
c»vn^r »-i*fii ^yi Kin Ski»>S pn ^a n*Jn ovS ness -kti» rnna yypn 'ijn c^in ijni mot 
na *iom ri'o •jnibj itd t\\X7\ Kin i»k3 tva^n op nipan -v^nn i>t .onp nna .on^ait 
n^^Kn iD»« ei« -11*^ ^72« K-'pon 'bya (iht, nans) nana nr^ nanav ninicn rai njin , 
in^y oSpv'in 'n vipn ^San , ivSj? nina pr«"v oi^:a a^n niparn am laipam iaij?ni 

/lai ^Sdih i^Dn 'C^a (i-usyu**) idj?u>» nt top 
' CioBo nnY 03Ba<Taerb y KapaiMCsixi> necaTeieS: i^tiB, aanlpeale (loTit)- 
Oepii Ji^ipa, cxp 215 n, cm. npo). 

• BtpoHTHo cjti. HHratb *j»j?oD*«a h nepeBOAHTtr Han. Hcnaiiii (o loropoirk 
pi^b y Hero Bume aij^aB. 97^ 6jb. tv). 

• BiiicTo: vion naas^Sm, citji- iBiaTi: rTam naajy'yit. 

• BatcTo i« cjtAyeti (fBiaTB ein, 

• Hejbaa nepeBecra; Maco c-b moiokohi>, m npa^BHi mb. 1. (va^). 

^ Tail no Bcei BipoflTBocri cj^bAjerii aoaaxaTb cjoBa 'laij^m; dobhxb- 
ttOMi 8T0 ocBOBBBo Ha toikobbbIi ct. 28 n. XXII BB. JleBBTl. 

" Sj^tcb 7 Tajiaca citAyen iCEaxeaBoe Micro, o soiopoMi OjJten pio 

BBMe opB Ma.liKt aib-PaMJH. 



ICTOPB^IECRIB r)qBFKB KAPAtiVCTBA, 



77 



nocj% ^a;^acH mm ae Haxo;iHifij ynce b^ KapanMCKoft oBcfciceH- 

lOCTH CJlt^OBli eaifOCTi3i]Te;i£>Har0 3HaEOMCTBa CB T0(I>JiaCGROtt C6R- 

ot. npaB^a, wo HeH3BliCTBWft aBTopt coq. O'^Jnvn O'Kipn pi*?n, koto- 
^ufl scHJT'B He paHbme XIII etsa ', roBopRTb o cyn^ecTBoeaHiH b^ 
ero Bpeiffl qerbrpex'B tojirob'b b*b iy^ieficTBi^, a BaieHHo: padOaHaroB'Bf 

ipaHMOB-B, Tu^AHcuee^ b MemBBToei* '. Ho Do;io68aro po^ia ;^aH- 
iBifl KapaBMCRiB aBTopu o6biRHOBeHHO ROBBpoBaJiB y CBoBXi* Qpe;^* 

HeCTBeHHHROB'b, TaRl Hailp. MH BRXOABITB, ^TO RapaBMCRift BB- 

Vte2£b XVI CTojitTifl, lacu^i 6, MouceU Eetu, CBBCHBaerB to se 
moe BBB-fecTift o qetbipexi. TOJiRaxi* ^JiacBoero BpeveHB ^; uemxY 
r^wh RBRTb SBBmift paHLme ero RapaBM iRifi OBcaTejiE KaM6i B^en- 
donoAo (n% KOBiit XV B.) BHaeTB o ceRTaxi> Mcucbm Sa^pauu^ 
loBcefl OK^apB, fl ;tp. TOJiBKO to, qTO cRaaaHo y ra;iacB *. 

BOTB BCe, HaHli BdB'feCTBOe OG'b OCHOBaxeJI'fe TB({)iIHCeR0fi CeRTbZ. 

tsi coBURyiTBocTH ero peaarioflMXTi BocTaBoBJieHift HBCTByerB, qTO 
~X0Tfl B% H^ROTOpBJx^ ByBRTaxi) OHi> Be corJiamajiCH zi> ABaBOHi> 

B ;(pyrBMB RapaBMCRBMB y^BTeJTflMB, qTO B6C&Ma eCTeCTBeBHO 

oXB^CaTB 0TB yqeBHRa HcHaa^ia 0E(3apB, ^ Bi* rjiaBBUx'B saROH- 
WbtTh pasJtBqiflx^ Mem^y pa(56aBBTaMB b RapasHavB obi> oABaRo 

npBMHRa.l'B K'h BOCJltjlEBM'B. TaRl> Haop., OHl. BB npBSHHBaJI'B 

oirpeA'fejieBifl Mtc£Ei(eBi> DopaDBBecROMy cnoco6y acqacjieaiH (*n2^); 
ycraaoBBiLi), qTo npasji^BBRii nflTHj^ecaTBBiiM ^ojisee^ Bcer^^a CIbite 
Vh BOCRpeceaie, RaRi> hto bpbbato Bci^HB aHTopaBBHecRBMB c6R* 
MXB, BaqHBaa ox-b caMyKees^; sanpemaji'L sceHHTBdy Ba njie- 
HHEBBIlt B T. 0. Gjib;(0BaT6JIBB0^ OBl^ Boo6n^6 OTBepraji'B BU'6cr& 
n RapaBMaMB oGflsaTejiBBocTs Tpa;iBi^ioEBaro yqesiB* 

n« CBB;t'feTeJiECTBy KapRBcaHB, nBcaTejBCRaa ^^-feflTejBHOCTB 
Th^ibcb orpaaaqaBaJiacB ero BaoBCRofl o xosBojieaHocTa ynoTpe<$- 
jeBiH fi'B namy MBca (BpoTaBii HBteiH Aeaaa b ero npaBepsea- 

* 3to 8BCTB76TI iti TO TO o6cToaTditcTBa^ ^TTO rR;iaci H Ap* nacateiH XU 
Biia (a Moaeri 6yTb a XIII a.) cjyxarb eiix liBTopiTeraiiB. 

• IlfflcKepi (II, 100): nn o^mp mi o^«*» m nvm 'n ok ^a isiiara p« oi*n 
nvD mi c^'D'^^cn; cp. Tarn se crp. 98 a I, 19 o BpeiieaB SToro aBTopB. 

• Wolf, Bibliotbcca Hebraea (IV, 1091), Dukes uod Ewald (II, 30) asb 

* Cm. co^. KjKaaoBa *5TnD -nn (aa^. Bojfc4»a cip* 2B, i3;t, Btau j, 2 6), 
f^i npBfio;(iTca bto MtCTO bsi nni^KD nnv)^ Raieda; HMfl epeciapxa aamcaBa 
jjtm% oma6o7Bo: ijn^KtSit nvo 

DpoTHBopiqia HcMaaia OK^apa Aaaay cm* sume (IY,S3). 



78 



Uhhsrh Buczoaa. 



^eB^), H BospaaceHiflMH dpotbb'l BojiLHO^^yima Xbbh au^BaJizfli 
oTBepraBmaro ;(0CT0B'6pHQCTb CnGiieficEHX'L KBnrii. Ho ej(Ba jih 
MOXHO couatBaTbCH BX ToifL, ^To Tfi({)jiBCHy no;(o6HO jqfYrMM% 
epeciapxaM'b Toro BpeMeHH, san^amajii cbob peJiBriosHBia y&biB- 
;^eHia h yqeBlii nectMefiHofl apryMeHTaniefl. dm ^ocJI•fe;^HiJa He 
lloniJia j[o KHpRHcaHu, ho c;)'l;ibi 6£ coxpaEHJiHCB b'l ecto^bbs*6) 
ROTopuiTB no Ji>30BajE[efl ra;iacH h, 5faTi> MoaterB, Tasace y le^era, 
BJE se ero nepeniac^HKa. 

§ 6. 0;teoBpeMeHHo ch TBt|)iiHccKofl eeKToft, BOBBHMa bt» ropo;i* ■ 
FaMAa (b1) IlajiecTJiH'fe) j^pyrafl ceETa. OcHOBaxeJieMii ea, no cbh* 

A^TeJILCTBy KBpRHCaHB, ObJiHt H'J&KTO no HKeHH Jtfa4t4IC», Qpo- 

BBaHHufi no cBoewy ropoAy AAb-PamAu. IlocJitAOBaTeafl ero 
KBJiH en^e b^ X B'l^Kt Bt HaaBanBOHii ropoj^t e HaabiBHJOHCb no 
BueHH cBoero nepBOHa^ajiBHaro y^QTejia AAh-MaAUKiH (MajiflRLflqu) 
HJIH se J^ji»-Pa>tjfi^ (paMJiidi^iii) \ 

Bt ;^py^0M't M-fecxt KepKHcaHH roBoparB ohbmi., nro BU'^cri 

C% AJ9B-TH(IuBCH OHl. OTCTyUHJl'B 0T1> paBBBHH3Ma B-B HtKOTOpBIZ'^ 

nyHETax-B pejiErioaHoA npaKTEKB, h nto o6a ohb se ocTaBHJiH 
ce&fe Khuiu saKOHoe^. K^ 3T0My OHii npafiaB^HSTB en^e: PascKa* 
BUBaiOT'B npo MajiBKa, ^to oh'b cTajii> ea Mterfe OuBmaro iepy* 
caMMCKaro xpaMa h npHcarByiii, wo Ha (jBiBmeici kl btoi 
xpaiT'fe aJTTap'^ npBeocBi[BCB b-b mbptbu n'^xyxH. 3to (npaOaBJiseTL 
KspEHcaHB) nocTynoK^ EeBt^KecTBeHHaro lejioB'&Ea ^. 

dro HSBtciie KepsBcaHH Cbijio BCRaseno y ra;iacB (bjih 

3r0 HCT0«IBBE'6j, BO EOTOpOMy BBIXOAHTB, QTO MaJIflR'B CBB^'l&TeJIB- 

CTBOBani. ToMi.^ 1T0 Th^jbch npBcareyji^ o nparo;^HocTH n*' 
xyxa ji^nsi aepTBhi b-b xpaiit ^ OS^BacHesie CTpaHBaro nocrynEa 



1 KflpsBcaai xam se, CTp. 285 (M 15): Minj?' niiemKi iSo n^oi^na ]»3y 

y ra;i&ci (&i(})&B. 98, 5yKB& ^) npoSBaoie epeclapxa nimeTCfl ^^d^m Buicro 
*SdiSm, noqenj niHCRepi* (II, 84 npiM. 1) hb Hon ero o6iflCBaTB. 

* KapKHcaas, tsmi »e, CTp. 315; ip ^hD^hn iSoi ^n^Stnbn iK^itsy^sn n^i * 

nar ita\ mmSh ni3ni hh^k nasKi n^ap^jKi h^Sk^k D»v\ni inKSwa mirijrSM Sno nn^O' 
*S]? snp^ |H3 i^n'jK IK tihnt Dipthn n^aa «ipi n:K nijj ^an^ ^Soi^k iSo koki *-|*>m -jSij 
,Sn»tj |>rD5i* 'yyc mn\ « nat^s »3j?' n^aSn Hin ^e [na n'rK nafo^ii 
■ Fa^acf, rani sfi (aict^BB. 98, CyKsa jf); (^it. ^'jdiSk) ^Soi*t "i*?© n*yn) 
^rDo f nSit «in n-'nrn *a jyatt'ii vipon n^aa loj? (qai, n°l^ ^s«) pos? ^3« '^ '''Fa 

•■I'nSH naiD3 aipi n*n ♦a "idki nn> ^n (hbt. na4«j"i) ii»:*5n 
E Oesi cBHjiiTeibCTBa KBpsicaai ecrecTBeBflo upej^nataraTb, ^to aa iiiCTo 



HCTOPHqfiCRIE OqEPKH lCA.e4HMCTBA. 



79 



Hajuma uu Baxoj(nui» wh HsetcTur jipyroro isapaHMCKaro 
icaseJUi^ a BMesso, qro Aeaa^ 8aapemajii> yooTpeOieHie B'B DHn^y 
[X]^i» B D'^TyxoBii, cqHTaa hzii He^HCTofi nTai^efl, rasii Kasi* oh'k 
Qep6Bo;iH jTb Hadsafiie OD'^n, ynoMAHyToe Mea:;iy He^acTBiHH nxa- 
qaiiH (HeBHTB XI, 19), cioBoifB nypuna, IIpOTaBi> dxoro MH'&Hia 
BMCTajii> Maj[BEi>, yTBepsjiaBinifl, ^to BasBaHie ntamii o^itfi^ nvb 
KOTopofl npHHocHJiHCB sepTBH B% xpaiTfe (JEeBHT-b I, 14), oana- 
u^Tb £ypi», H Bi> nu^y oaaeMBKB cb CTopoEHHsaHH Asana opH- 
mecTh o5i aioMi. npHcary ^ 

B-b BBiinaynoiiflByTOM'b nojieuBtiecKOMii oTpuBKt roBopHTOi npo 
Kasoro TO MaJiHEa HGEi>'Pexa5iB,(K0Topbifi etpoBTao Toac;iecTB6H^ 
cb HaniHM'b MajiBR0Ui>), qiooHit ycianoBHii'L qTenie XXIX ncaiiHa 

BMtCTO paBBBHCROft MOJHTBBI, HSBtCTHOft 00^(1 HaSBaHieiCL BoCCMh- 

Mochiamu OAaiocAOBemu {nyo'g 7\yys rhtT^) ^. 8x0 no Bce^ B'bpoHT- 

HOCTH OCHOBaHO Ha Ue'^BlB, BblCRa3aHH0Hl> B'B TaJiMy^*]^, ^TO 

SMaaBHaB HoiHTBa cooTBtTCTByexi> noBToptaHlK) 18 pad^ HHeHH 
BoxiH Wb BLinieoBHaqeHHOM'b ncajtift *, a Bi jtpyroM'B ifbcx^ h8% 
B'xaro He ncaJiua BUBOABTCBoGBsaBBocxbdJiaroejioBeBift nu^ mim 
mnonp, BioaamHi'b b-l cocxaBi* 3thi'b 18-h *.— 3to oCcxoHxejiBCTBo 

xpaMa Mcrib csopie ctan M&ibki wi% Pamu, cocixHflro ropoia lepycaiiiia, 
vtab Ti(t)iacH, BOToponi sirAt He cKaaaao, hto obi 6uii bi> OaiecTBHt* 
^ Cm. HiBCKepa (II, 84), rj^i apuBOAaTca aai sapaBUCKaro EOMMeaTapUi 
f^ ncD Ba KB. JleBBTi» citAyiDiaee: 

.p -IDW ^OVB 

Oocitj^ee yTBepsAeoie^ a BveBBu, rro caitapiT^ae e <l»afli>Ni (t, e* Caa- 
j(iB Faofffc) coriacay ci toiKOBafilem. M&SEBa, BeBtpao^ Tan Ran> obb o(}v 
CJOBO onin apa($CKRiii ciobomi paitcfif, via se apaM68c)CBH^ ^^'^v 
8T0 Aliaeii H ABaH^ (Bwme III, § 2). Ciobo ae td^dh caitapaTBHe aepBBO- 
jtm nnipMi, a CaaAla—nnS**. 

' Micro 8T0 Bv pyKonica rjacBTi: lan 110T0 noKpio n^ani p y?KD Sp» ofj! 

RrniTB Mu nxb fsaaeirb bvh OTiia epeciapxa, B6E3BtcTBoe Bami> b3i xpy- 

rBXl aCTGHBEKOBl, 

■ BaBEJOHCKitt TamyA^, ip. Bepaxomh^ 1. 28 6: 'D njis rrry fwrnw *3n 

* Tarn, ae, tp. Pom^ za-utaua^ 1, 32a (cp. Tp> MnuA.ia^ i, 176): 

imiaj c^iciiis^ I'ioi .o*Sit 'a:i 'n*? lan noMaa^ nuit onoii^v pso pan lan 



80 



Khb^re 6ocxd;^a. 



lEnrnifi past no^^TBepsjiaeT'B naifB totb fJ^aKiib, qro Bcfe eBpeflcRia 
ceKTEHTH, HaiTBHafl ci> AOy-Hcbi b AHana, ^epnajiH ei} Tajiiryj^'fe 
iiaTepiajibi ;iJiJi cbohzi> HacTOAmax'B b vbbmbixi> HOBOBBe^ieHifi. B-l 
XaHHOMt cjiyqa^ M^jie^% o^ieBB^o cTapajca npsMBpHTb TpaxH* 

ipoHBo© Bosap'feHie 06'B o6fl3aTejii»HocTB MOAumeu IS-u c-b nepBO* 

HaqaJlLH&IU'B RapaHMCRUlf'B UpHHCtBUOIfB, qXO MOJIBTBbt ^(OJISHBI 

Cmtb BSflTbi HcKJiio^nTejiLHO Bdi* IIcaJiTMpn J]^aBB;ia. 

Hat noajiH'feliiiiex'ii EapaHMCRBX'B aBTopoBi. Qji,viE% tojibko Apom 
(km Iocu^% HaMeKaen* Ha MH*Hie MajiaKa oTHocHTejiBBO Eypt h 
ntTyxoBt, roBopfl: <He OyABMi. onepaTBCfl ea npHcary xoro, boto- 
pHfi yTB6pK;iaJi'b, ^to opbhochjih bi* mepTBy Q4Tyxa> *. ApoH^, 
no Bcett BtpoflTHocTH, aaHMCTBOBaji'B axo HSBtcTie y FajiacH wsm 
yBBim6opQBe;i6HHaro asTopa KOMueHTapiH Ce0ep^ taotuepi^ JlKOBa 
6. PyBHMt, 

CoBctBfB ocofiHflKOMt CTOHTL BSBBtcTie apaScKaro HHcaTeJifl 
MaRpnsn noeji'feAOBaT6jrBX7> Hamero MajiHRa. 3TorB apa5cRit 
nEcaTeaiB, ROTOpEifi, RaRt Chjio aaMMeeo BBime (II, §6), nan* 
dOBajicfl RapaEMCRBHe ECToiiHHRaHH, roeopETii cjrfeAyK)mee: tMa^ 
jtunU (npHflepaceBiibi MajiHKa) stpyiorb, qio Bort BocKpecHT'L 
B% A^HE BocKpeceam MepxBWX'b tojibko xtx-B, KOTopBie xoRasw- 
BajiE cyu^ecTBOBaHte ero B'b nocjiaBiHXi> (3aDECRaxi») e RHBraxi>. 
CaHi» ace MajiHRT, Ofciin> yqeHHROMt. AHaaa* ", CjioBa donctaueoAu 
e%o c^m^ecmm^anie {rrhv ^T^n^i^ jD)MOHHOOTaecTH BHtcrfecB Jl"e CacE 
K*fc AorMaxy dnn eocKpeceniM (nwp'^ti ov), hje aie ri> cyn^ecxBo- 
Baaiio caMoro Bora, qxo BtpoflXHte. 

Ecjin JIaRpE3H Btp^o nepe^ajnj Bossp'^Eie MajiERBXoB'B e ecifl 
TyxT* He cKphiBaexcH RaKoe jie6o He;^opa8yM'bBie, xo Hsi Bxoro 
iioacao 6yjieT'b saRJiioqiixB, qxo 3th ct^RxaBTia HpaaHaBajiH tojubko 
^acxH^Hoe BocKpeceaie, jirr yMCTBeaHoft apEcxoKpaxiE, saHEEaB* 
meftcfl 6oroc;ioBieM^ n caeRyjiHXHBHofl t|)iijioi;o*l>iefi. KaRT> HaBtcxHO^ 



* KomieBTapllI Mti6xapa ^a xb. JleBiTii (j. 36): 'o r»)?i3r hv l^OM lAl 
a^^ n^n Sua-mn vs ^ok» cm* IliHCRepa IL 84, npHM. t. 

* Chrestomalbic arabo par S. do Sacy, ed, 2, vol I, crp, 116—117 apa(^. 
leicra {(}jpaBU. nepeBOirt TaM^ xe^ crp, 297): »S 'Wyn nSS« fK cytn no'^Ko'jm 
^Jitjirjr TD^ntn Kin iSwoi an^Sin ^D'lSKa rrSy jnn»* |qhWwoS« p noHV*"* 0^' *"' 

KOTopyfl Ao^^ufioi-b c^uiecTBOBdile ero asi DpopoRoa'b h CBauit5aBus'k tain. 



HCTOPB^BCRIfl O^mFKB K^?ASMCTBA. 



81 



aH&BaJTb Aoricarb OeBcifepxia ^^fniH xaEse tojilro )t^s. yncTBeE- 

HMTb apeCTOKpaTOB'B, KOTOpHe padBHTieM'B CBOefl lfIilCJIHT6Jll»H0fi 

^enocodHocTH ;iocTHraiOTi) coe;iEHeBia caoero npio6ptTeHHaro pa* 
syu^ (^^* fticntTi}T^c Ti:p^r[ issf) ch anTUBBHirii pasTMOM'B HJia ysB- 
B0peajuBo& Ayinofl (*<^^« r.oL>jT»x*< «73ncn tas^) *. Bo scaEOM'b cjrprat, 
Bee&na BarepecBo bctp^thtb czoj^aoe y^eaie yse bi> IX CTon'feTiH, 
paayir^TCB, eooi ^^oBycTHirb, qto caicB ocBOBaTejiB cesTu MajiH- 

»XBTOBi> npHsnaBaji^ ;(ORTpHHy, BpHOBCiiBaeicyio MaRpasB ooci'fr* 
^QBtLTejiswh PauaiflcKara epeciapxa* 

H8i» coBOKyoflocTB coa6nieHflbiz'i» o MajiBR'^ h ero yqeain bb* 
Bteiifl ABCTByeTB, qro no;to6Ho cBoeiry CBepcTHBKy Ta«}>jiiicB, owh 
m ero nocuii&;(uBaTeJiB, necHOTpH na H'^soTopiiifl cBoeoOpaaaufl Mwb* 
wdM Wh pejTBriosHMX'B ;('6iiaxii, b ^ane bi> ^^omaTax'b, bi> cyn^BocTB 
o;(HaKa npexcTaBJiBmrb tojibro padBOBB;iaacTB RapaHMCTBa. 

§ 7, Eme H'feKaTopfcia MeitKia tj^paKniB bt» EapaaMCTB-fe yno- 

MisaiOTCfl RpaTso y ;LP6BQBX1» aBTOpOBli, B oOcTOBTBJILBIiCE'B CBi- 

^eift BBX'b B6 BifteiTb. TaR-L flaap. wb ynoifBHyTOM'b noJieMBqec- 
KOM^ OTpuBRt (BtpoflT. CaaAiHFaofla)! ph^^om-l cb BHmenasBaBBH- 
iiB riaBaiiB cesTi., npBBo;iHTCfl BMeea en^e BtKoxopbixii ceKTaExoB'B^ 

O EOTOpBIX'B ESM'h EeHBBtCTBO, BM'&JfH JIB OHE E0Cilt;iOBaTeJie^ BJIB 

mtTb* Bo BCBROiCB cJTyqai^, ue GeBBBrepecBo dyj^erii co6abhbtb 
$ji^h ^BLUSua no arovy npe;iveTy* Ilocji'fe BBimenpHBeAaBEaro 
fyrpUBEa o TB<|)jincB bi» pyKOEBCB CRaaaso: <PaSB^ Be yTBepiE^aJTB 
Juu u6m-Hcxam^ nvo ca-fe^yerB npa3;^aosaTB bobbiA MtcflU'B^^Ba 

^BB OpB EOBBJieEiB BOBOAyBBE?* ^ — JIflqBOCTB BTOFO Aau ;ipy- 

raxi cBti-feBift ae HMtexcE ^. SarbMT, nocjit npBBe;i;eBBaro ot- 
puBRa 051. HcMaBa* OsCapB, pyKOflHci> Epo^tOJiKaaTi.: iPaBB-fe^Be 
CRasaJH BAam (bib Aj^am) aAt-Kapnau, qTO Wh Hpant Ba;(o6BO 
o6paii(aTB JiBi;o bo BpeuH MoaETBBZ R'B CTopoE'6 loacBaro B^fexpa, 

> Cm. Guide des Egar6s, trad. fran(^. I, Ue, 151, 328, 434. 11, 20&, 253 
m, 75, 166, 212, 461f H QpBBitnaBifl MysKa bx dTsxL Mtctaxi. 

* Bi TescTfe pysoniCH: SkVhS**! ]^ov inr [Sk ojki in^nKs pnoK p '*?i? ^ip dS> 

* IIpeinoiox8Bie| ito aroTi ^lif^ oTei^'ii B3BicTHaro ixsereTa letfiema^nw- 
^iig% aeAsa no/tKpiniTii. 'I^bpsobbtl fTBepx^iaeni, aa ocaoBaBli coneiTeib- 
Siix> xoKyMBBTOBi, ^iTo oTeut Aji A^i^'b Ie(i)6Ta aasuBaica CaaAieft hih CaH- 
J10R% (CR. roTJo6epa n'lpa, CTp. 208 d. cj. n'laiy; UiHCiepa II, 62, 199), 

^ TaMT. ae: pSym au^Su ano ^S« pH"»r*JK ^canSp^ic tn «i«p^pS** j>tS]r "^Kp kVi 

•nao^n 111 73c o*p *>ipa 
6 



Khhskh Bocxom- 

npHieicB 0Hi» onflpEJicfl na p^^teHm (kh. EsesmJiE XXI, 2): 
tO^paxH sEnei TBoe r'b CTopOH'fe ioraV> 

droT'b HJ^aH^ (ajia AAani), Ha cKOJibRO h 3HaiO| xaKSd He* 
ESBi^CTBH^ H3'B ^(pyroro MtcTa; ynoMHHaeTca tojibko ^eBmft 
rpaMMaTHK'L h nodTB Ij^da 6€m R^am V 

SaTi^Mii Bi 8Toin» se oTpBiBRt roBopHTCH npo HtRoero Aa%- 
Kepmanu^ KOTopMfi yTfiepacj^aJi'B ^to OTHOCHTejUBHO a6u6a (BpexeEH 
coBptBaniH xjit6H&ix% pacT6Hifi) cjit;(yeTi> pysoBOACTBOBaTbca 
MacJEHqHOfi ropofl (wh lepycajiHH^) *, — JIb^boct£> AJth^Kepmanu *• 

OUflTb-TaRQ Baill H6EBBtCTHa fl81> J^pyrHXl* BCTOVHHROB*L, 

BciifeAi> BartMi. at otphbr* roBopHTca, wo H-feRTo Eoxmam^ 
nosBOJifli'fc Ha^aTt cieTt BO-a jtaefl, npeiinecTByiomHXT> npasji- 
HHEy BflTHjiecHTBHmj, np6;ii> HaqaJioHi> nacxa ^ Haa ^axmaica 
H ero Teopia Haa^b hsb'^cthh bbi^ coq. Caa;iia Taoaa tloj^ aa* 
BsaaieMii t^^dh^k z^ro^ 0TRy;ia atcTo aio npaaoAaTca bi. romk eaTapis 
le^eia aa re. JleBart (XXIH, 15) * a HRoaa Oea^-PyBHaa wh 
•rcrpn 1£D rii TOMy se M*cTy B^ IlaTaRaaaciH S HjiBsBama^a se 
npBBOAHTB BoxTaa'b co cjobi> A6yjii»(|)apaAsa ^ypRaaa % ro* 



^ Cm. TlifiCKepa I^ 5, 68, 105—6. II, '>4, 106, 139. Oi o|iofl mapaiMCiol 
pyKOQi€B npiBo^BTCH oTk iiteBi coBpeuesBiKa C&aj^ii FaoBS, HCm-Maiuiaxa 
mTtTa 131 ci»«t. Jryr^ M6H^'AAaHa o6ii onpe^lieBii Bpeveai bobuxi iitca- 
iieii> DpaaABiKOBi, lOTopoe co^naeBie c^MTMocb aBTOpBreTBuirb y pa6daBMT08v 

nS ipo ini uSit one n*© loo itiixj? ^c *n^M p3i«ii*3i* p nni mipbn nc^iyoa piii5i¥> 
innj^it jH dSpk \iih^ p pnrr»3Kp ra unit »oa n^ jnpo ony^DJi cSr'jK) j*-rSm WcSio 

•*3^*i or KDO^ n^H ^S'Mn 

* TesCTb pyBonica : n^ntn in to n*3ifS#( )W5 »3»oi2Sn «Vi, 

' IIpoiBaHla BTO yKaauBaerii, ^to ohi npoacxoj^Aji aai oepciAcjioi (>6>iiiCTt 

^ TeitCTi pyKomcB : nD*9»< Ssp jO j^odo'?*! ttj^ ri[ini t] nn^a Sup nfn. 

^ MtCTo 'bto wi\ Ie(t»eTa BaneHaraBo bi XpBCToiiaTii rBpm^iejbJia (crp. 

Ill): 2Kn33 3p^D*?H naKJlS »D 'jKp KD^ .'3*7»* SKsSh ICnn *D oSDn tpD 'OVfiSlt KOKO 

in 54) nao »m nK»nS»e jkik ^d nsw ^m unait -"Sj? -idkSh n*np fn -jSis^ /^Sh t^anSii 

jrooK oSi nK kSi npiSw ^Si [o dk'kSii ipn |k nuthyi Sap isnnoH [« yirVi* pa* 

.«nn KiaHDt 'b jKnaa nS S»ip^ Sjj-^ kS« ^St Sdp/io* hdrSh |d Knrm 

• Cm. HaBCKepa (11^ 86); ica rvarn nn pSm fDvn ninD Hv 'Cin^Dn lai 1231 
•wpt* 01* V'i^n nya idk» noinn p -inie *3 'nyGB* nSt * . , , i^onSx pn^n neoi non^ 

.|M 33 tern nnit r^K bk 'a D*D»ri ncD^sf nocn oTp 

' Cm, i.tS« nm* (H3jt. EaoaTopia, j. 43a); •^coa ion nyw "i cannr ioii« 

naS n^irpn S»t Jnn nr -j^cdd n^nt innaa inr^ n*n Smisf* oao nnH »*»»» *icrun itm 



tlCTOPB^BCKIfl OUPra RAPAVMOTBA. 



83 



"TOput B^ cBoso oiiepeAB HJiH mEJTb Y canoro Caa;iiE F&oHa, bjix 
xesaBMCTdOBaji^ bb% KOMMdBTapia Ie({»eTa. 3aM*faTHM*B KCTars^ qTO 

T&n SaS% BC^ BdB*ICTHfaIH HaHli MtCTa BoXTaat BHi&IOT% CBO- 

BWb uepBOECTO^BBKowb coq. Caa^tlB FaoHa v^arhH utenD, to Becbua 

BrftpOkiTBO^ ^TO Hamii pySOnHCBUS OTpbiaOKl O G6KTaHTC]CBX'& 

rJuaapAX'B TaRse BSiirb Ed's 9Toro co?HH6HiB, hjih me EB'h ^py* 
roi*o noaeMH^acRaro xpyAa HaaBaaHaro Faona. 

Cji'fe^YEOQ^ee saTtict hma ceaxaHTa ^acT&io aoBpes^BHo bi^ 
pyROQHCH; fl ero qoTaio ao ^^ora^^'b e xouonnsso H6m'Cana^e&iUf 
BBBrfecTHHS ceRTaHTb nojieMEicn), npoTHB'B ROToparo Caa;iia FaoH'B 
BamcaiE'E hjih oTjii^jtbHoe coqEHeeie, bjih ®e o^hhi* hs'b oTjitJioB'B 
BumeyaoMBsyTaro T^nvb^A 2»ro ». SioMy ceRTanxy Bt Hameit^ ot- 
pMBRi^ npBOHCfaiBaeTCii MH^aie, qro nocTBuceiryeH ;(03Bo^aeTCH 
vamh caKaHdoica6um (nepcHACRoe HadBaeie CHpona H3i» BHHHaro 
yRcyca), noxoMy tto 3to cocxaBiiHeTib jieKapcxBO (? — uoqs^^eie 
eioBa wh pyROOEca noBpesAeBU) ^ 

TaRi» RaKT. cBiAlJHiH, HMttomiaca 06^ btoh^ epeciapx'6 BecBMa 
CKy^^EUf E Rpou^ ero MHteia 06^ adufm jap caxii nopi* HHqero 
HeHSB^cTHo HeifB, TO HeaHfflHe (SyAext coo<5mBTfc B^'fect He;^aBHo 
miftAeHHfaifi MHoio oxphiBORir Heu'b yCaa;^iE FaoHa MeKjty pyRO- 
nHcaME noRofiaaro iepycaaaHCRaro apxRMaH;ipBTa AHTOHEHai 
BMBi opEHaAJieHamBirE HtfaepaxopcRod ny^jiEqeoft 6E6jzioxeRt. 
&aea!0B[ieeca HGai>-CaKaBefirH utcTo rjiacHxi bb nep6Bo;('6 ch 
apaScRaro: cJI^McxBBTejbHo, aecBiia y;^aqHo ob% aasBaJiB cBoe 
isoq, Kuma6yj^^*(padauxh (x, e. RHHra aocxH^tHHXi. Bemeft bjol 

CpaHOTlX XaRB RERt 8X0 RHHFa BfO COfiCTBeHHblZ'B aOCXHABHX'B 

B cpaMHBiX'B xhsi> \ RaRB 3X0 o6xacH6BO MaoH) BB ROMifeaxapiH 



' Mataie H6Bii-CaxaBefirB o6i aCuCfh i Boapameaifl CaaAlH npBBojflTCfl bi 

■ottiesrapii l6i))eTa (la Hcxoxy XII, 3, b bi BtoposaKOfiiio XVI, 1). UojeiiBBii 

^ro c806oAoifucjataaro ceKTaara apoTB&i BaSjiiB a Tamy^a b oiBtru CaaAli 

IQOBJTBfty 81 COH. DVin n;iny Moecea H^ffi'Dapu (ex, ^vt^ \. U, CTp- 137) 

' TeucTfc oTpwBBa: 1*1 ]^3J32oSi« sir [nJS 114* b**»vSk )K3 [nnjpgo j5 Wp i<*3t 

♦ Kn'jK ]D . . . . . » H . , It 
' A.pa(ScRia xeKCTT. : naK*? n*HttS« anna tiiitna n^oert ♦d skxh ip ran noySi 
ns 01 M2 710^ Kua [S»ip]»«t3 'Syi .-in ini*< o^^ana ♦e nrnv mo ^Sy n*t3i m nn^Mne 
'a "hhn p'3 nS p^rn *«ojr loow 6 nni3D nS mkd^ i*»d mo jdhk koi .nein yhp ojn 
lorrinen 1*0*331 jaj? uyn reSnaoSK »ionp ^jrS> *nD3nS qdS Mm pvnnn «vin jn* 
tt 5i^ nJK3 cnoSpV iToSn'jKi n3E?oSn jo 'oonSm fiia"**?** ^'77 i*iSS i^-vyn* d*j koir 
13DII onoijK on w o*TB*?it30 -^^o«n "hv h*5 cfi onTOcn ^'yj^ onana ^d iSom i>» oip 

6* 



04 



Kbbhcrh Bocxo^a. 



Fa IIpRTqH CoJioifOHa (XX V| 8) ^^ E uhK% csasEHo TaM% ice 
(XXrH, 3). Jlytimee wh Hero 6h;io 6m MOJiqaHie k ecjieCt owh 
^0CTH^EyJl^, KaKosii OyxeTB ero Eoeeii^, EaR'b CEasaeo bt, km. 
loBa (Xin, 5). BbiTB MoaeTL, ^to npesKHie ceKxaHTbi^ nairp , Auanh 
BeuiaMUHt h hm^ Do;io6HHe,tioToify BMeHHo ne BOBpaacaim paBBHHair^ 
E MyjcpeuaMi) H3i> MEtnHki e TajiMy;iaf <ito obii ssajiH oOnxyio 

06iI3aHH0CTb OOBEEaTE KHUrB aBTOpOBl) 00 EX'S COOCTBeEBOUJ 

TOjrKOBaHiH), a Be no o6i>aceBiH) ex*b epotebheeob^, TaRi> k&ei 
OEE (aBTopbi) caMH Jiyqme npoHERaioTB bi^ cMbicjii> cbobxi cioi 
fl noH^Tifi, H T. ]i. Csa^ajia a npHBe^y ooaBJieBie J^ecflTE rjiae*^ 
9Toro ^ejioB'feKa (t. e. H5B%-CaKaBeftrfl), r^t ohx co6pajr% na- 
peqeHia bbx Meoibu e TajiMyjta, a BarfeMi a 6y;iy paacEaTpfi 
BaxL KaHc;iyio ero rjiaBV b oGiacBH) omH(5oqHOCTi> ero b^ ToiTEy 
B% newh QEI3 AyMajii cCetb paeBEBOBi) cb ex% oosBi^iE. 

Hepnaa pjiaBa TpaRTyeTi o e;(BBo5osciE; BTopaa o5'b o;(hoi 
Bdi> cy65oTBBxi» saKoaoB'Bj a iiHeBoo, 06% ocBi^n^eBiE (sEJiEn^a)j 
3-a jtpyroMi. aaKOBt— ^apax^ (?); 4-a saqajrh irfecaiia 
5-a Ba^aji* nacxE; 6-b q becokocbom-b ra;nt; 7-a ca 
SEBOTBHX'B; 8-B aaopemeBBHX'B pafioTaxi.; 9-a o aasoHaxib 
MeHCTpyaiuB; lO*fl no.^jiiouiE. H sTOTt ^BMh'kK'h yTBeps^aenp 
qro paBBBBH B3M*HHJiB BOBejitBia CoKifl Bi* STHX-B 10-E Bentai-B 
m T- M* Ilpeat^ie Bcero stotb BeBtx^^ yTBepa^^aeit^ ^to paB- 
BEHH EpEBHCbiBaiorb TBopniy tbrn b% oCpas* iie^oBtEa, EM^ion^ee 

JtJTBHy, fflBpBHy H TJiyOHHy, Cl> qJI6HaME B qaCTBMEi Ch BOCTOflB- 

BUHB B cjiy^aflBUEE RaqecTBauE. Tojilro owb He EpRBO;^aTi> 



iA*»\pK |»f03K*?ie Hin »tr6 vo:i "^rh^ am^wSi* J^^tn onnub^ o«ona *i«j^D^t oc'r^tia 
•jKri* art KG 'c nxttta ram naxa i*>:m en Knsvy kSih idik '* i\D*?nSm na^cSn ;o 
oitnoSn 'ni nao^H npnBr lo n^yt? '^Sn 3j<2S*«i .n'ninSjt '^rnSie aHa*?Ke .nisSita p^ui 
HDB I'la kS 'nSm •vivSh nw^nit *n*?Kt .z^nnioSi* jo 'n nan napip 'Ak ^k^Ski 

mn *D nSS»e nctt ho leSits i^a^n-iSn jh Sji^'^k wnn or* .'ip ^^J^i np'-iy ^t ''Sk^ ♦niaSn 
n^^:r nitnpny* pSks^jh itDDi* Viia^iSn ]h D3?t kSih *?nK:i*>» «in mj\ /3*?k k^c^x '*Sh 
ftStp 'Sy nncAD* oSi .n'j'itn nnaKn fwipH Kn*Dv Mtatti Hifj?«i po)?^ f ipi S>t3 KrtS ^oan 

J*"Dm Tayn Hnp*GJ^fi ^Sn yc\ .niKtnSK |o «n^irai n^Sy nnnnr kS ana p H^Tiyai 

,'a*ji* n'^aSif ^0 n»ii.nD*7»i natt'Sn *c khSms*? tn una 

^ ABTopi BBiiji, KoaeqeOf bi Bif;(y nocTUAirua Bspeieeia pa65aHBTOBi; bo 
CaSAia rosopBtr^ qro caul asTopi jioiseai CTfciABtbca sa CBoe coTiHeHie 

* Cm. OeuvTes completes de E. Saadia, ed, Derenbourg, T. Yl, p 144. 



HcTorniiscKifl u'iepka kapahmctba. 



8B 



lo owh mTHpyaTi) B0ceMi» paapfljioB'B Hspe^ieHifi, KOTopsu^ BaaT&i 
^laCTiiio HOT* aiadorm, qacTtio h81» co^nHeHifl, nij^^aHHHocTfc koto* 
puzii He BacBHAtTe^iBCTBOBaHa, ^acTBio Ke hbi JiBT]rprHqecRoft 

nOBBIH. Ho BCt 3TE MikCTE oOXflCHBIOTCa fhWh XCe CHOCO^O&fb, KH- 

KHMii o(3xflCfi£H}TCfl no^ioSHbiH 2ce fiupa&eHJii Bt Cb. nHcaHiBi 
H T. ;^, 

nocjitAHifl CJiOBa HaiioMBaaK>TX HssicTie letydu MCm-EapBUAau 
B% KoacMBHTapiH ST» Ge^epi leuupa o6i» oTBlTaxi^ Caajiifl o;(HOMy 
epeTHKy ', ROTOpuft, 6biTb uo^eTL, Ha RTo Euod EaKi» E6ai»* 
CaKaBeflrH. 

3a Ilfie-B CaKasedrH bt> pyKODHca cjtAyeTi bha ceKTaexa 
UladtaHhj ocHOBaieiiL pacROJta ula^taHumo^^^ o KoxopBfX'b 6hiM9k 
plt^B BMine (If § 6). npo aero pa3CKa3hiBaeTCH, mo oHii yr- 
Bep2K;2iaJrB, ^to apecTyoBBKa CJi^Ayerb sacTaBHTb nocTHTBCE 
eopoK'B ^aefi, noxoMy ttxo ^ToTb epeciapx'b o&hBCuaji'b cJioBa 
BTopoBasoHifl: 40 ydapumh e\o (XXV, 3} — sacxaBHTii nocTHXboa, 
aa ocBOBafiiH 6a5jieAcKBZi> cjiob'B: ydap^ enympu Qtcaeoma (IIpaTqa 
CoioMoaa XXp 30). npaqeiiii ob'b Tpe5uBajLi>, ^xoC'b wh ^acao 
axoro 40-;iaeBHaro nocxa Cuax BKJioqeai> Mtciim» %aeOam%^ xaEi 
KaE'B EMfl axoro ui^cai^a HanoManaerb CJioBa na^na * {me6tmh m 
mt6am%^iayB)^ naKmaniH (UpaxqE Coji. XXV^ 15). 

9X0 BMtcrfe C% tiWh BOBblfi apBM'bp'L, KaE'B ceRxaGTH Wh 
eaoBX^ npoQ8BOJii»H&[X'k a npa^y^JiEEMX'L xojiEOBaHlEX'B (3E6jieft* 
fRaro xeRCxa ^sl oCocsoBanifl bbobb BbJ^^yiiaEauxii hhb aaso* 
iOBi> Aa^eKO npeBSoniJia xoJiKOBaain paBBaaoBi> ;(Jifl EOARptajteaifl 

RCEOHE Cyi£(eCXBOBaBmEX'& SaROBOBX H o6p£;;oBii. 

Heh nocji'fe/i^Hjiro b3i> ceRxaHT0Bi>y ynoHfiByxuxi> bt* HameiCL 
oxpHBR-^, R'B cosan^fiiH), He flCEo B^ pyRODHCE; HoacerL 6uxb 



^ Comiaentar znm Sepher lezira (Berllri 1865) p« 20—21 k. nriK leos i^'to\ 
Vi i3T»rai Hv jMTin inin tokw ^''tv Tn*t po mspo Sp la^nr Vi n^iyo u»sn 'tcdd 
chwu *w^ .^131 D'oSipn M-DaS niiori niai ovinia rn onv n*j^Sm nS*Sn -noSnn 'oan 
•ms^n ¥h\ naefoa i«S u*Hr ^auo o^oann S5 na*t rSj? \tapna hS ?iD!p t)^*^ ^^J^ *ia"ffT 
^ "p Ton viN w'M ^w kS ctt *?i»3?oif^ '1 '131 mn on na lA TiafVBP iti la*? put 

7t31 lov 

' Micro wii} riaciTk bx pysooiici: )it la* « . . , tn^^hm t**^ THi-rncr Smp mVi 

<© eap vi# jon |D3 mn mso uruxS n[oiit'] >«' o^yai** loe* n3i<S nor^ 'o nai^j 

.1DTD B3» ocK ?t:»»* tk »«[nnj?] 



86 



Kbbssb BocxoAi^, 



[^aniuUi AAh'Mamapu \ BO BCflKoiiii c^^at HeasBi^cTHae 40 
CHxit uopt JiHi^o. Ot'b ero BireHE npafio;iaTcH jiea yTBepsg^eHijr,^ 

H8Tb K0HX1> BTOpOe n0Bpe»A6H0 BTi pyKOHHCe, a nepB06 OTJIH- 

qaercH ceoeA opnrHHajibHocTBio, a hm6HBo, ^to ey66oTy ci'b* 
Ayerb npasAHOBaTb no BTopHiiKaifi, no tofi npimBH'b, ^to cjioba 
IlflTHKHHHifl: Um oDpejtlfejieHiii) (?«eiai « %odo8h (BwTie I, 14), T,e 
yfiasaeie 7-0 ;^He& He^tJiH, HaqBHaercH ci> cpeji^hL *, t. e. bto na- 
nHcano npn pascKaB^ qexBepTOHX a^^ TfiopeeiH. PaBBHHCRie 
BEsereTBi npHHHifaFOTx, ^to neOecHBia CBtTEjia cos^^ebm bii nepsbiA 
^enh TBopeHiflf a ea qeTBepTUfi, oocjit co8;iaH]E aeiuB, obh no 
jyqHJiH cBoe MtcTo b HaeHaiieEie \ 

Ho axo oO'BflCHeHie oqeBn;(Ho He yj^OBJieTBopaJio osHaqeHHaro' 
cesTaHTa, ROTopufl npeAiioqHTajri> 5yEBai[bHkifi cuwcivh GBOnefl* 
tKBTh cjioBT>, qro cB'bTHJia co3;^aHH Bi. Gpe;ty, h OTClo;^a bhbo- 
jpAii% BaKJiioqeHie, ito cyfifroxy cjvkjijeT'b npas^HOBaTLBi ce;^BMoftJ 
;ieHL oTi cpe^Biy T. e. bo btophxtkI). 

3aM*TBiii> 8A*CB, wo Hafl;ieHaoe HaMH BSBtcTie oC-BflCHaert 
BaM'B BecBMa cTpaHHMlt paecKaaib, HaxoAfln^ifica bi» i^epEOBHoft 
xpoHHE* YPD'^obpHi H2rQ FpHropifl (A6yjiB(l)apa;isa) Bap-EBpea 
noA'B S25-M'B ro^oMi} no P, X. PascKaB^b 9tot^ uo capificEB 
rJiacHT%: 

KwnK orSi r'^D Knnc^T ju"i k^jjh d^dti p ^^hji"? K^'jaai i^n nom] 

JO Kin; HTDP VBTJDnO {KT ipfi JIDHD Dip*? pHJ^l KE3D 131 ,1^03 K391J 
KB')^ TH KrD0^13 IK ]Tin3 KHV KB^n pn'? JTO^prT pj?31 Ml KT^K Kn^f 

cB'B dxo BpeMfl cJiyiiBJicfl cnopt utmjiY iy^ceauH no iioBo;iy bkcs^ 



^ npoaaaale Mamapn ysaaitBaerb BfpOflTBQ sa opoicxosAOBle vti er 

neTCKofi MictaocTi MamapiA hjb Mamapie\ cm. lacuts Geogiaph. Worterb 
(lY, 594). 

■ ApafiCKlB TeKcn nacan*! jkS *^h$t oi: nK3Di«S*i jk ntaoSK S[nui] Sup lAi 
Ssnni unroSn |k*3»»i n*7K ov |o isin na» 'd^ nj?a«r wr n^w\ o*o'Si -inpn nnajr 
yp^ )N «*J« ,ii[»ji] lA oi*ro*3K >t unjypi hik jkiii n..! p jitri „ ]» Sip* naiiai 

,nnSKn ♦ionj? 

* Cn. BasBJOBCKitf Tajiiyii, ip. Xazuza i. 12a, Mudpatu^ Pa66a, Pan 
(Hcaasi), HaxHaBHii, C. ^ JI7^I|a'^To a na. jtP- k% oBsa^eaHOiiy criif 

RH. BuTlfl. 

* Gregorli Barhebrael Cbronlcon Ecclealastlctmij ed, Abelooset Lamf, T. 
(Loraail 1872), p, 365. 



HcTOPflqSCKIH O^SPKH KAPABKCTBA. 



87 



lapxa. TaEi» saKib TEBepiaAtlbi Hs6pajiii Btsoero JtfiBHA^t BaaHJio- 
asme «6— J^aniHia e8% epeca AHaHBTOB'B, h h8i> Ttx% HireHHO 
^jmropBie BapymaK)!^ cbatocti. 07660114 h co6j!io;(aiorB (Ha en 
irtcTo) cpe^y* Kor;ia Hit THsCa j^oniJia ^0 (xaiH^a) MaiiyEa, 
TO ofl^ HSAaiTK upHKasii, nto Ror;ia co^HpaeTCH j^ecHTB qejioatst 
s BBfiHpaion 666^ raasy, Gyj^B bto iy^eH, J[h5o zpHCTiane, H;ni 
MaPH, TO HHRTo He ^^ojiHGHt HMi M*raaTB>. Tasct Kaatno Haraeify 
ofeaeHeHiH) Bbinie (11, § 11), b^ BaBBJioHin, ta^ eyn^ecTBoBajiH 
vaJDiyxHiiecEiH aaaj^eifiEi, ROTopuMi npHHa^pe^ajio crpaBO Bfat6opa 
dscHjapxoB'b, HeBosMOSHO upej^noiraraTb, ^tQ6% tb,u% b^ btotb 
e^E% Hs^pajiH pacRojiiiHDKa, h Taat aaR'B ryrh B^oGaBOR'B eiQe 
MMfi^n pt^h TBBepiaAuaxi* (oaj[ecTBBaazi>), EOTopbie HHRorw 
Be opBHHMajiH yqacTiH Bt ynoifjfHyTEsixi> Bhi(k)pax'b, to Bant 
Beeuca b'^pobtho, ^to TyrB HMi^eTca bi nn^^y BuCSopt RapaHK* 
esaro ruaBbi {nacu) 1, h tto be^cto cp^^w y Eap-Espea aox- 
aaE% 6uTB tfmo;>ftt«x». Bi» TaR0Mi> cJiyqat, nposBaHie wh nameft 
pyEOBHCH AAh'3Iamapu, ecTB He qTo HHoe RERt upodBanie npe* 
Tea;(eHTa JI,aHiEiia no Bap-Bspeio a oto noaToiiy cjrfeAyeTt AonojiHHTT» 
eotfcTseHHoe hvb epeciapza, on* ROToparo bi pyaooBCH ocTaJiocB 
TonRO nocjrfejTHaa 6yRBa, — [^aHiaJjij, '>[*rji]. Bo bchrom-l olj* 
Hh% Mht bbaqvii BBik pascRasa CHpiicRaro oEcaTeJifl, qTO aor- 
TpHHa HpaaAHOBamH Apyroro ahh bm^cto cy65oTbt namjia TOPAa 
npHBepaE6HueBii uemjiY RapaBMaHE aHaHHTCRaro TOjiRa. 

§ 8. 3;itcB 6yAen> Taaac^ yu'^cTHO npHBecTH CRasame H%f6a 
Ash'KupKucaHu paanuzit ^paaiiiax'B, cyH^ecTBoaaBrnHxii b% 
KapaBMCTB'fe. XoTH KHpRBcaHH HEcaJi'L Bii Haqajii^ X B'bRa, ho 
OBt caMT> roBopETB, <ito yooMflsyThiH BWh EapaBMCRla (J[)paRi^ 
cymecTBOBajiH yxe paKLme ero, b'l IX cTojrbTiH, at cjitAyH)!!^!!*, 
wwb HaBBaHHbncB, MtcTHoCTflX'B: BT> Eaidadth, Tycmepn, (Dly- 
crep*), Bacpn, 0ap€rh, Xopacantb a Jlotce6ajifh. 

BoT'b CROBSL KapRHcaHQ B'B 19-ft FJiaei^ I OTA'bJia BHmeBasBaH- 
aapo coiiBB6Bifl; cO paBJiBqiBxii uem^y RapaEMaua b% Hame 
BpeHH H paHBOie, ROTOpHe (KapaHMH) He npsHaAJiesaTL %% bc- 
VKCJefiHHMt Bhirae ceRTaHTani) ^ ^acTB bxi», pobophtb Khprb- 



< CioACTBO iMeas Ch ladeaHa Asyxi* paBBtiHOKiixi np6T6H;(esT0B'b« ci ko- 
YOpHHi rpeT^% (y\ 197) xoien> orosecTSjaTB 01%, ao aameiiy xaiBlD, «cto 
ciy^aAeoe. 



88 



Kbhhckh Bdcxoju. 



eaHE, sairpemaeT'B coBepmaxB oMOBeHie oTh jibbbtceoS He^^HCToni 
Wk cy6(50Ty; Apyri© He ;t08B0jrflK)TL mhtb jihi^o b^ cy6(5oTy », 
^(pyrie He sanpen^atorb oo^aBaTB boahocb (bjib itajrufi ctojihs^) 
ct KymanipHifH e j^t^aTt nocTejit bi cy<56oTy, a Korj^a ohh xothtb 
QcribcTB^ TO OHH OTupaBjiBioTCfl Tyj^a, Tjifb symaHbfl ctobte (Ha 
HameMy: na KyxHK))^ h TaM-b t^^HTE; onaTB ;npyrie ^oBBOJiiiiOT'b 
no;caBaTB ^o;^Hoc'B h paacTHJiaTt nojtyoiKB, ho sanpemaiorB y(5H- 
paTB TO E ;ipyroe, TaKi KaKt no;iaTia eii, noTpe6HocTB cyCfioTH, 
yOopsa He Hxt He ecTB noTpe^HocTt cy<S6oTiii '\ Ojunn H31 betb 
H8 ;(OBBoafliorB Ha;i*BaTB KyraaE^ Bt cy66oTy * ^acTL 5aM?ad- 
CKuxz RapaHHOBii ;iodBojiHeTi> ^'IjiaTb bti cyOUory fl^HB Hacxyiiaio* 
n^Hxi 6y;iHeft Bce to^ iito ;to3B0JieH0 A*JtaTB ;^ja caMofl cy6(5oTBip 
KaKT> Banp. oxiiamxeHie bo;i^bi h t. o, ^acTB KapaHMOB'B Tyemepa 
sanpen^aeTB ocxasjiiiTB ropH^ia RymaHBfl na cyGOoTy, a TpeOyeTii 
oxjia&AeHifl Hx-b Ao HacTycjreHia cy6(5oTM, yTBeps^aH^ sto Ten- 
jfOTa npoH3BOAHTii Bi. KymaHbHXi. nepeM^HU, yBejinqeHie h yiieHS- 
meHie bx^ ROJinqecTBa, ysce no nacTynjieHui cyGSoThi; Apyrie se 
Be corjracEH c% ^TEWh h ao3bojibk)ti> ^ase npflT&TL BaaHa^eHBUfi 
IJifl cy65oTBi ropn^ifl RymaBBH b'b coj^iony. HtKOXopue KapaBMU 
sanpen^aioTB BapoxB b ne^B bo bc^ npasAHHSE, EpoM'fe naexH, 
BOTopaa cocTaBJiaeT-B, no hit, me^huo^ HCRirK)iieHie bb btomb ot- 
HameHiE; a B'h TycTept (KaKB mb% pascRasuBajiH) boebbjiegb 



•uniDi onpn 
Mu fBiAiH'b oAflaiEo giS6| tto atsoTopua BosapftBla aTHii> ({»paBAfi ift- 
KMCTBOBaHU y caAAT^^^B'^'i ipBcriaHi, lOAraBBTOBii ■ y siKOTopuxi sapaiii* 
c^lx^ rjtaBapefii yQ0MB8iTi>i£i> sume 7 KipKBcaBH. 

* Bt apa6. Tescit, tans ze: *nsoS« pt* iiddSk id SdjSh D*>n* |0 onao ti* 

»nao^K or *D nmy hoy |k n* h^ jo onaoi 
Hise Mu yBBAiMi, ^to bIvto lo^oGBoe yTBepzAf^'^ BftBtcTHut sapaiHCKUl 
ymiieib Jl,aMtuAi aAt-KyMucu (bo BTopoi uoiobbbI IX croitTlfl); cp. aoe 
■b;(. KapBMcaBB, cip, 272^ i^. 

* TeaCTB rjacin. (taMi. ae): vh naoSit cr ^t pao^K o^Tpn n» kS |q aiaoi 
10 onaoi *S3K^ »nn ck^^qSk :?5rto ^S»» in i^f* Ko»«i?n Sax* thii* k^mc rititStt «nc 
B^neSn mei pao^JH onpn ti6 iVr fti ^' kSi rtiajf w^ithu riei paoSi* 0»ipn t 

.naoSS niwn na 0^^ i*?n poi naoSn rt4iin^ 

* Bi> apaficBair& Tescri (Taut ze): .naoSi« qi' ^d nan^K eaS n^ »6 10 on^o 
no Bcei B'&poHTBQcrfl BtoTBBoifi BTaro sanpemeBiB ciysEio to coodpazeaie, 

TTO BymaiTb Be cactaBiBBTi. seoOxoAKVoft ^acrs oAexAU, a aomeBte ic^aaro 
isfflflflro Wb cyOdory aanpemeao. 



HCTOPflqSGKLSr otoprb eapabmctda* 



89 



iHa vapasKBi, B&npemaioa^ie A^feJiaTB fi*b npa8;iBfl£i see to, 
sanpesieBo b% cy56oTy. yTBeps^aa, ^to csaaaHHae upE 

,,T0JU,K0 HTO iQtb KB^mAOUJ^ o;iHO 3T0 M03KH0 ^^ftTB 

Bajn»'' (Hgxoa^b Xn, 16), cooTB'&TCT8yeTii CRadaHHOMy opH cy66orfi: 
tBtnsTe ero cero^^HE, h6o cero^tefl cy<56oTa rocno;(HH» (Ta»n> se, 
lYI, 25) \ Oj^EH sapaflMiii noEanaiOT'B nox^ cjiobomi> a6u6h (eg* 
IO€be; Hcxo^i'B Xm, 4} cel^xyio sejieEb; ;^pyrie He HaqESaioT'B ut- 
CEiia a6u6% noEa BOBbie sjiaRE (?) He hoebetce eo Bcefi IlajieGTHHt; 
rie xe EaqaBaiorB ero yse ci> Toro MOMeBTaj KaRi> oKOHqEim 
xoTfc o^Eoro noM, h odetb jipyrie ofip&maiorB seimaaie 
oj[[BSO Ha eibBepx (IlaJiecTiiHu?) '. Ojihe RapaEMU He ^oBBOnaioTb 
BbiioAETb uo cy(56oTaM'fc Hat sHJiHii^a; ;npyrie He ;^08B0iLflK)'^> 
^UBpeEocETh qTo-jiH6o c% iffeCTa Ha MtcTO, Aa»B Bi> qeprfe cy5(5oTBEro 
SHBaeiE E ;(ase ecJiE nes^ty oC^ohue M^cTaME HtT-B pa8;(tJia 
K Eepei'opo^UiE; Apyrie a^jbbojieiotb 3to ^. H'JkROTopbie bbi* eex'^ 
pt^*niarorB Ha^tBaTB Bt cy66oTy ne^aTt (bx bha* KOJima); 
jQiyrie 8anpeii^aK)Ti bto e bi cyOCoTy, h Bt npas/tHHK'B *, O^eh 

Hdl BEX^ AOBOJIBCTByiOTCE HpH CBE^tTeJIBCTBOBaHiH HOEOJyHlH 

EosaaameM'B o^Horo cBH^'i^TejE; Apy^i^ ^^ TpefiyioTB noEadaHlE 



^ Apa6cKl& TeKCTL nacarii (lani se>: kd n:3DSit 'C Sop' tit n^ )d oruai 
flaw KOI KoSn nnan *?no i*?!! n^zhh nao^ 'o ^d]?^ t»t ni* HOts mo*?!* lya n'royno 

linSn ^i 'wnSn ccn nihn ^i po nn ^ji ^:iy p ors*Bi .pinon*7K yyaS inni t>*3'p3^ 

♦6 Blp •'frona nTT np nan ^sjjSa ipi .nri p n«© ppi itD>M -|Sia 'inrw»S>» \u cjn^i 
TM VK3 "j^S ^3r iBTH -ji* 3KnaSH '^ip |N oyt^) fiao'jH *B Tu* MD i*:i "pySw *• |1t»J» 

I Cioaa TescTa ftaifb xe); lan* itS p on ^oi . s-^d^Sm aati'^Ha Sip' p an^oi 
*nn ^Vt nan* ]o onsoi >»t"^DK ^^s fin pTi ^d inuio (i) «iTn^» pa' ^nn n^ai* rnn 

.one huQXf ^hv huT P on^ot .mni nmp n^nnoN 

* TeKOTb apaflcRitt (rani s€, cTp. 318): 'd nSrao p ^naSn n^ nS p onjoi 
»nr« na&o ^a** nr^ta 'S*i maa' nhn ysrioSi* p JK'^anSi* n' nh p onaDi .naoSw on 

oSi n* p Brraoi .Sxt kSi pi* pjnueSK |^a la* oS |hi 
Qpo Aaaoa aseicTBO, ^ito obi 3aapemal^ buxoaiitb bi cy66oTy b3i u- 
iima (eiL Bume y Haci III, § 3 B^ aaiaii), a nepesociTb ci M'^^Ta ba iticro 
n caMuti^ xBiimt OBI SAQpemaii TojLsa TJixecta, bochkub aa nie^ax^; ao 
ttXlTOt >iTo Apyrie sapaHKU mji Aaibme AH&Ba, aanpemaa aepeaocBTb BsyrpB 
|Q«a I Eeflbmifl TflsetTB. 

* Apu^cKifi TevcTft (lani me)', p on^ot .naoSM 'c onMaStt oaS n' p onjoi 



90 



RHEimKB BocxoM 



XBjz'B cfifl^i^Tejet. ?acT& 6ar;iaj(CKHX'B RapaHvoB'B CepyrE atSiitfB 
no H3B*cTHofi MtcTHocTH (Bt o(5jiacTH) Baria;ia, yTeepacjiafl, ^to 
OHH npoBtpEiJia H HaoiJia, ^o 8Ta m^cthoctk oiiaaaKoBa cb 
nanecTHHoB S O^hb hb'b hhx'b, bcjih ohh hcsbjiet HOBCuiyHifl b^ 
S9-ft jt^BBh Mi^cfli^a H H6 HamiiH ero (ho^bio), a 8aTtMi> ohh HamaE 
ero AHeMi», to ohe eaiiHBajiH hobuH u^cHVL'b g% 3Toro me ;^Hji, 
jtpyrie ate ae ;^0BB0EJ^JIfl jitJiaTs TaKi. ». O^^hh KapaHMU cji*;iy- 
jOTh vHteiio 9Rcnjiai>xa (AeaHa) oTeocBTejiBao BHCoKocnaro jwi 
H B'B nacxy, H B% KyiqH; ;s.pyrie me cjit^iyeTi eMy tojibeo Bt 
nacxy, HO He Bt Kymt! «. HtKoTopHe bs% hoi^ c5'fe;iyion» 
AHany Tasne b^ sanpen^eEiE coBepmaTL o^pa^'b oOptsaHin Bi 
cyttOoTy, CojETBniHHCTBo me coBepmaeT^ stotb odpn^i^ *. H'^soTopueH 

KapaBMH dHTafOrb HeO(5fl8aTeJiBHWM1> ifeCTB JHaUt^y (onptCHOEH)^ 

bo bc^ ceMB nacxaji&Hhixi> ;iBefi, jibhik 6hL He 'fecTb RHCiiaro 
xotibCa; fflpyrie ae cqHTaiOTi* o6ji3aTeiiBEHiu% ynoTpeOjisTB b^ hhji^ 
Mauuy Raac;^Eafi Jieeb nacxa V O^hh itapaEMH cqETaiOTi^ bc 
BpevH Be^epHHX'B cyut^peE'L npHHa^^JieacaiAHifL rij np6;;iii;iyn^eirfi 
JHH), ;ipyrie npaqHCMroT-B ero k*b cji'fe;^yH)meHy jsmsq; rpexBH 
se yTBepaciaroTt Birfeci* ct AeaHOM-B, wo yKaBaHHoe Bpeici~ 



* BiapaOCKOMiTBKCTt (Tairtme): SitWjit mmSj? lasiiSm m Siapt^a^pi 
]0 ytiQ 'Sj? a^anSir izn^ t^'jimjaSii f j^s tit^^ . y*mtf7 itSit qSl rj* nS p 

.cnp'yn PM 'Sj? A15* mtn\ ifn n*y ip nan dj?t* jnai nitnaa" 

* Apft6cill TeicTi (Taiiip me): m^ dSi r^nrv^ nyonS SKSrjS»« s^ia in»t to omoi 

,1^1 n' «'? to onjDi . oi^'jK iSi '0 in^SK oki ishk -^KnaSKi nui en 

HepBoe MBiite^ no fRasaeli} canoro KBpRgcaei bi ;(pyroiii utcrb^ api- 

BajuoBT-b Hcnaiif OsGapi (ex. Bume IV § 3), a BTopoe— ero yqeaiKy Mem- 

Bii (IV, § 4). 

* Apaeciii xeBcrii riacHTi: hmSk ^b ovSh ncs^aa 't niSniW o*tn 3?ann to Dnsi 

.n^oSn ^c npsHn* dSi nooSii ^e ^S^ ^Vj? ny^Hn [o onaDi .k3?*oi naoSm 

Bume« opi Bajozeaifl MHtBli Aeaaa (TaMi» se crp. 313), RipRBcaaB o6v- 

acBaen, ^rro B^CIy^^Li coBoa^^&Bifl 1-ro j^aa qjicxi b icyuiefi c% cj66oTofi, Bpaaji^ 

HBVBUl AeBi 0TKia;iyBa6TCB fla BocRpeGeaie. 

* Ho apaCcKifl: pSowi nzchn or ^u nanns'rn onnn ^Vj; Kir^it jsjr ysxn to omo 

ksBBi yTBepMjtaerb, hto citayerL coeepmarfc o6pajn» bi cyvepKaxi, saKo^j 
BoeBpenBf no ero UBiHln, npHaaAiezHT^ b yioAameny AaiQ| b BacryitanuieMy 

* ApaCcKlfl TeKcn. (laMi ae)): 'tSk jd '» »b i^bc Sar o^ (m nait n» to orum' 

, Di^ *y3 *b nSiK ajv to ortaoi ,«-i'03 b*«^ itS |** Ti?a nS r*io iSi t« Qi«**t 

Pa66aBHTy, Kasi bsbIctbo, ctBTaAn. of'BsaTeiBEyiii yaoipeOiBBie onptc- 

BOxoB-b TOjiiKo Bt aepayi nacxajibBufi ce^epi. 



HCTOPBnBCKm O^rePSH 1CAPA01ICTBA. 91 

irpBBaAJiexHrL oSohice jiBBWh ^ HtKOTopue h» ehx'b npBBH- 
MAWTh osQB?aBie cy66oTBi ci> voMeBTa aazosA^BiH cojiBiia; jipyrie 
MB npadBafOTi, ^txo cy66oTa npojtoifsaeTCfl BDiioTb ^o BcqeBBOBe- 
Hifl CB'fcTa \ ^aLCTh KapaBMOBi. ji^oBBOsserh qaTaTt B^ cy65oTy 
Bct Bflc^MeHa sa BCRjiH)qeBieMi» eBpeflcEBxi»; Apyraa se qacTB 
saDpen^aeTB ^Tesie Bctzi oBCbMeB'L ^ O^bh b81> flBXi> ;io350- 
laiDTB ynoTpeOiiHTii b^ ubuxy bb BsrBSBiB (iiocji'b BsrBaBiH 6b- 
peeB-B B8i> najneeTflBU) mbco AOMaaiBHro CKora, a APTrie ne 
A08BOMH>TE BToro \ H'feKoTopwe KapaBMH jiosBOJifliorB npio(5pt- 
TaTB orL BH0Btpa6Bi> MepxByio pu6y^ a APyrie saBpeu^aioni ^ 
O^BH EB% BBit "feAflTTi H8»apeBByH) i^tJJBROM^ oBi^y; Apyrie sd 
aaopen^aiorB dTo no nps^BBt TorO| ^to mbco bb scapHirocb BM'fecTb 
CB cajioifB. lacTfc KapaBMOBi ji^OBBo^Berb ynoTpeCjiflTB bi» bbb^ 
MBCO aap'feaaaBaro pa<5(5aBBTaMH CKOTa; Apyrafl aKe qacTB Be ^oa- 

B0JIB6TB. H'feEOTOpbie KapaHMbI A08B0JIHI0T1> yiioTp€6ji6Bie &*& BHO^y 

xypB, Apyrie H6 ji08Boa£ioTi», a TpeTte coMBteaioTCB •. Oahb 
MWb BBxii yDOTpe6j!iBior!> flfli^a A<^8B0JteBBbiti> BTBUB, a Apy^i^ H6 
AoaBojLBfO'nb. ^acTL RapaouoB'B mwh Bacpu h KepciB 8aBp6a;aK)Ti» 



* B^ apa6cR0Vfc Teicrl (raxi. se): di'Sk |d nb oonjrn {o in opr p dhidi 
41J? Vitp no "hp H-u pi firSit |o nan opt» p onao^ .ijSh 10 nSa na** dj^t* )o onaoi 

OTHociiTeit>BO hbIbib Aeaaa en. Bume b% btoiii o^epsi (IV, § 4). 

* ApaCctlfl TescTb nacflTi (taifi xe): ipo DorSit n^u2 kin hjk n^ )q onam 

XT^*?** a*:JO lya nSk unny »S jd onaoi tniDSN njna 
Pa56aaiTy c^iTaDTi npe^iioirii HOBaro abb noiiBieaie SBiSAi. 

* Do Bpa6cKli (Tan se): ^tqoSk cr ^ ^attiauStc "s^i es 'yo ntt-ip t'j^ )o oniot 

» ^Sn ra* nS 10 Dnaoi 

BtpoBTBO, »To HTBflle QBCbveai OBii Bct c^iTBiB pa6oTod, I noceity obo 

laapemeao bi cyCCorj, tojvko hxo Qepsue m-h aaxi ae npiAaBaJH aaKaRoro 

uaveeia Beeepelcsiiii QicdiieBaBat. HtKoTopye pa65aBBTy j^osBoiaioTi ^i- 

tan B% cy660Ty tojiko no eapelcKS {Opaxb xauM^ 307, § 16). 

* Apa6cBlfl TOKCTii (Tail ate): n»SNaSii 'c npaSm Dij*?*! onS Ssh rji* jo onaoi 

Ki BeAOSBoiBcmiM^ npiBaA^exiTi Tairso 1 Abbb^, saia sant^eBo avcie 
(HI, § 3). 

* Ho apa6ctli! (raBi «e): •rc*JH30*?N n**i ^d nic* nSw iod'^h S>m t^A* p onioi 
Yn r^r nS p DnaoK Pa(S6aHBTU, ian> HiBtcTBo, j(08B0i£mTi>. 

* no apaflcKi (raiii ««): -(Si n^ n*? p onaoi oicdoSn nAii San 'i^ t© ^^^ 
rr 16 p onaol nrKoa*?K n'Nsi bsN 'v 10 ortaoi ^h^d "latsj* nn»*?K |»t oyr» rwii*^ 

,cnn n* 
Aflaax, Raxi try BBjitja ayme (111, § 3), saapemaji itypi 1 niTyxoBi. 



99 



VI BoczoAA. 



BMtcTik CI ;^pyrHirB cajioui) Tanme cajro mHBOTa (?)» cpexnett 
KHinRa H JierEHX'E, a ;ipyra2 qacxs He saupen^aerik SToro \ 

H-feROTopue nail bexi> ;^oaBOjrBH)ni nojti»80BaTLCfl jitqeEieMi> 7 
aHOBibpqeB'B, Ror^a ohe Jiins^Th {upmroroBABiorb MeAaKaneHiH) 
B*t irpacyTCTBie ero ((SojiBHoro); ;;pyrie se He ao3BOMK)tb aioro *). 
HtKOTopHe H3% HHxi, ;iODycKaioT'B cymecTBOBaeie o^Horo npo- 
Bo;tBHKa Jinn (JleBHTCKofl) He^BCTOTBi, yTBBpacjias, tito Dpe;iMerB, 
ROTopufi npHKOcayjica k% Bemno^Torbt npoeo^iHTii nocji'1^;(Hioio ri» 
TperteMy upeAMeiy; xpyrie ^lonycRaicT'b HHoro epoBo;iQG[ROB'E ', 
H onaxB ;i;pyrie coBctMi. hb npasHaiorB cymecTBOBaeifl ^poBo;^lH- 
BOBii i Oahh hs'b HHxii ciiHTaioT'ii noJiy;^eHHyio MojiHTBy oCflBa- 
TettHoft BO BcflKifl jieHb; jipyrie me yTBep»MK)TTi, nto oHa o6h- 
BaTeJiBHa tojibko bi nocTHufl a^hl^ .HtKOTopue h9t> hdxi» yisep- 
acAaiOTi, qxo Eor^a nacxajiBHbifi Be^epi> dpbxo;;htch aa cyd6oTy, 
TO cJI*;^ye^B otjiohchtb nacxyaa cji4;^yiOBDtift Mtean^** 0;tHH bb^ 
aaxt noBBOJifliorB eoBepniaTB oaoBeHie 01% (jieBHTCKoft) B6?hctotbi 
ropa^iefl Bo;(ofi; ;ipyrie me ae ;(03bojihkit'b. H'bKOTopbte asi* aax'B 
yTBepm^^aiOTB, qTo oaaaiieHaoe oHOBeaie ^oJimao Omtb hceluo^h- 
TeiTBHo np-fecHofl Bo;tofl; ;ipyrie me yTBepm^taioTB, qTo jkhb aioro 
Beo6xo;^aMa RJiioqeBaa Bo;ta ^. npemme Kapaairbi hb'b Eacpu 



i Ho apft6ciii (Tftm «e): hS ]d onsDi n^ts^w p inKiaSK y^a Ssi* ra» )d onaoi 

,^S^ tjvi> k'? id onsoi ona^Ki pitaSn jo Dip*? Kini nn%« 
' Apa6cRiii Teierii (taui 3k6): ['^ uSm;^ min pcSmjjdSm amS)^ pSo' id onao^ 

6ajtfiuxi iKtAi^uH (III* § 3). 

' T&Kh wto BeiaJT, soiopua pphkocbjimc^ k% opoBojiHiiy b61hctotu, cxaao- 

BfltCa B% CBOD O^epeJIb DpOBO^^BliaMB. 

* Ho apa6cBB (Tairb ze): ihtmh oyri mddSm 'd nirTiiiSit nsisMiSita Stp^ to onaot 

• nro ncDxiSna Sip* hS p cnaoi ni^ns':** d^mdiSks Sip* [d onaoi Sarin 

* llo apa6cRii (laMi jae): kS 10 onaoi .oi* *75 *c onnx rtieSar ^r |o oniDi 

*»pB Di^ cv *ft itS>« unn^ 
IIoijAea. MoiETBa oooTBtTCTafert MOJHTBt nmD pa06aaaTaB^, Bfopoe 

MBlBie DpHB&AJdSaiO BipOflTBO ABaHBTaXl (III § 4). 

^ ApaOcKia TeacT* (Taiii a©): jiaoSK nS^S ypi ktk nocSn )k oyt^ la orjioi 

.'3»nSK virS** ^Sw yoT ik sj^ 

' Bo apa6cBH (Taaii> se): hS p onaci »»DiaSM |d ^nn mds SojStt 'v |d oruoi 

1103 #iS»» iSi n> hS )o onaoi anj^ noa kS*» kcwSm p StsiSw n* «S to Bnaoi .^S-r '*ii 



HCTOP0«mCKIfl OnEPRB RArAElf€TBA. 

Yimx&Ho Bi> oocRpeceHBe, ho tojciiEo ^to nwh BeB8BtcTHo Bi> saRoe 
HveEBo Bocfcpec6HB6 ^ Mexjiy hhmb SianHB'lKOTopiaey yTBepac^t&Bniie, 
^ro yBoifjisyTuA npasA^BKi) Heo6fl3aTejieBi> b% nacTOBmee Bpena; 
OBBTB ;^py^ie b8t» hhi'l yTBepacAaJiH^ too bcIi npas^iBBRH Heo6a- 
iaT6iiBBi4 wh HacTOBii^ee BpeMH, a upaa^^HyioTCB ohh toje&ro ^s^b 

HBMSTB \ HtiROTOpiiie BSli naJieCTBHCRBZ'L RapaBMOBl> yTB6p2CAaK)rB, 
VO Wb CBepX^^OlSCBblX'B (apBOaBO^BHXT) BOCTaX'L MOKBO BOBAep- 

saTbCJi TOiBRo 0T^ Hsei^CTHaro npe^^Mexa, (ynoTpe(5iiflfl Bcfe iipyrie)^ 
^aCTE xopocauctcuxi RapanicoBi He npeaHaeTX Kemuo^ a Ktpu, a 
^araeTB toj^ro rbr^ HanacaHo; ;^pyrie h8T> hbxi. yTB6pHc;^aI0Tl. 

TaS*B OTHOCHTeJLhHO BlfeHH EoStlB, ROTOpOO OHDieTCB CyRBaMH iodh 

R te (qeTHpex(5yRBeHBaro HueHH), h roBoparb, ^to kto qHTaen 
8T0 HUB OyRBavH aM^^ H daMfm — HenpaBOBtpaHft *, H'feKOTopBie 
snRapaBiroB^ Xopocana H^jir«f^a4/iyTBeps;iaiOTTb, uto 0(5*6 man bhA 
Meccia yjse hbbjich h Hc^ea'B, tohbo xaRme xpanii (o6'6iiiaBHUfl 
DpoposauB) 9T0 xpaM'B SopoBaBejifl h Apyroro yse ee 6yAeTi>*. 
EcTB iiesjiy hhmh seirpBaHaioiirie BocRpeceHBH MepTBUX'b h 
yTBepjKj^awn^ie, ^td do^^ ynoMBByTHMt bi> £B(3jiiB BocRpeceeieMi> 
pasyicibeTca oxHBjreHie eBpeflcKofl aai^iB (HsCaBjieHieM'B) oTii HBrHa- 
Bia a yHflffieHia ®. ^acrt 6a^;^a;^cKHX% RapanMoB'b yTBepmAaia, 

^ Taioe MBiBie 6iajo BUCKoaaao MeniBteS OsO&pB, cv. Bume (IV, g 4). 

* Apa5cBli TeKcni(Taiiixe)i ^']? |» po3?t* pnvaSK jd T'onpno^K l^mpSn [ol 

^y^ ¥n:n •» ntapttD iK^rKSit y^oj t** dJ?»' Io K^^>i on'c iksi .-^sySH Kin *e Bp«D 

Ilocii;(Bee MBiBie Cuio BUCKaaaao lOAraBBTauB (cm. Byrne I, § 6). 

* Bi apafiCKOMT. reKcit (taM* xa cTp. 319)i nan ovt* oKr'?H pKip yv^ jmji 

He ecTV IB 910 nojtpaaaHie xpHcrlaBCKosiy nociy? 

* Ho apaficKH txaMi ae): np^ wSi "^pbi*^ a'nsSi* yaa* n«3HDK*i3Sn j^^ip )^p3i 
fD {H Dpm *n ira in nSn o»S*t ^t -[St 'jj?©^ p 'fjii»n tdi .cpc smso in mo hSm 

.n« tpD 't'x:! nKV 
OTBOCtxeitBO J\tmu6t i /f^^w itu Bij^t^B Butne (IV, § 3),tito bto MBtale 
EcKaHia 0K6apB. 

* ApaOcKlft reacn riacrrs (TaM^ ae)i t» Bjn* its Snaj^m |kck'^3 i^^«np jdi 
Binne *rir\^^ ps* e^i S^jiit nnsa *tVk in n^a'jK iSiai id3i kj np na ityio^H n*coSii 

V R?nBicaflB (Ta«i ace ctp. 306) cBaaaeo, ito 9Io Matale ipBCTiaaiv 

* Bit «pa6cR0Mi. TOKCTt (TaMT* aej: n«iaK':« k'hk ^ca* p kx^k KSmn p> 



94 



KHaacKH Bo€xa;^A. 



^To XaHOxii (daoxi) h npopoRi Hjibh yiiepJiB, Tasi kes^ h6B08- 
MOSHO AonycTHTB, qTo OHH BOBseciiHCB Ba He5o, 6yAy^B rbiec- 
HHiiH^ HtKOTopbia H3ii HOB']&flniHxi» BapaHMOBi> H3i> Eacpu E Tyc- 
mepa sanpemaiorB o^tBaxB bx cy660Ty 6oTaBRH b 6aniHaKB 6eB% 
oco^eBBofl HyHc;^H, paeeo Tasii b Ba^^^BaTL (Soiii>me oahoS py* 
6ainRB, BepxHee HiiaTbe, 6ainuaKB b Bee to, qTO Be fleo6xo;iBiio 
HaAteaTB^ BanpaMtp^b, KyraaK^ b t. n. >, HtKoxopwe bbti aax^ 
;(08B0JiBH)Ti} noracBTB oroB& Biy cy65oTy TOMy^ soTopHft nosadhij'b 
saracBTb ji^o BacrynjieBiB cy65oTfai, b b6 tojilko ^^osBOJifliorBf bo 
H oOflSbiBaioT'B Ri> SToiry; to^ho TaRse ohb oCJasbiBaioT'L sarhiKaTS 
(sa^epataTb) Bo^y, oporaaiomyio sactaBBoe nojie Tony, soxopBift 
noBa6iiiJi'ii saTbiRETb ae jio cy65oTbi, paBEo TaKse ohb oOnsuBa- 
lOTx saAepacaxb HejiBHBi^y j^jib tofo, ^TQ6'b oaa He HOJOJia b% 
cyMoxy. H cxpasHoe jitJio (8aM*qaex% KepRBcaBa), obb Be 
MJiBRO ^0 AOSBoiiBiOTB, HO B o^BdUBaiox'B pa6oTaxB fl;^BBraxi»CH 
B 8aopeipaioxi» (JeBj^-feftcTBie a noEoft b^ cy6(5oTy ! ^. 

MeiRAy BBMB (RapaoMaBa) cyn^ecTByeTi* aecorjiacie oxbocb* 
xeJiJbBo ;^0BB0JieBiB ho^btlch (?); oTBocHTejiBHo BRJUO^eBiB (aorpy- 
sseEis) [rpe^ifexa JierRofl BeqacTOTbi b'b npe^HeTii thsroA ae^H- 
CTOXbi; 0TH0CBTeJ[BEQ HeqHCTOTBI ;(0Ha, TA'b HaXOJ^BXCH noRoftHHRi»; 
oxBocHxe^BHO Toro, KOTupwft BponycxMJi-B oMOBeaie b% npe^^nBaaa- 

BOe SaROHOM'B Bp6HH, BpaqeBli HtROTOpMB TOBOpHT'L, OTO OBI* 110 ^ 

SBTB 8T0 cAtJiaxB Bik cpoEii, noj(o6HHft oepBOEaqaiiBBOHy \ Obh 



* no apa6eKi (Tamae): nj«i iinnD tp in*S«T irsn|*t oyt* pmnjaSn f37a iHii 

Bume 7 PCipKBcaHi (crp. 303) roBopiTCu, ^to 0sseijc-i» ai Tapryni npo- 
TVBopt^QTi paBBBQaM^i yTBepxjiaDiiiiin', ^to 3box^ npn xb3bi soauecca aa 
a§6ot 

* Ho apaiScKi (raai «©): ort* to j^inonSin j^^-i^aSn ]u oip onio pmnoSi* |di 
^71 .in>n f •op |o inaK oaS iSisi .fuDbi* ♦c c«in nann ^>>S f^aSm Spi^K oaS in 

.ni*ii nwtSK 'jno nonS ^Sn .Tym njnnSw ]3n oS mo S^i Syj*?Ki nnSn 

* Apa6cKll TeacTb (raifi ae) rjacHn: h^h naoSK oi^ "iKaS^ •©a ^v |o onaoi 
'6 jnt^** 'pD» nSn HoSit ^o psjiv -iSi3i .^Si jtiii* Sa naD*>it Sap "jSn Spc* |k *c3 ip |io 
Sno '*?y naoSn uv ^d KnnSn jnot iV^ai .raoSK Sap mD* |*« ^D) ip t>»a ink naoSit 
fDoSn ^B nKainSiti Skd:?«Sk |ia3\^ Sa |ipSts^ oni*t aiyS^fi * naoS»* *b jne^ kS^S iSn 

, paoSHi -pnSK poin'i 

* Apa6ciiflTeRCTL(TaM'fc«e): onirya Knaat' gS» ontya lenajiHe ntar>n '© icSnam 
• fyaSn naji* dSi ontra naaiKc S'pnS« kdoSh »e ri^eaSit modSk pK"»"inDK *p icSn^in 
nn»»c ID 'c rc>?n3«i D.i5f]?a ^3Jt^• oSt cnsrpa ^S^ aitHC n^oSw fo n^aSn rro^n 'P wSnam 



HcTOPHUCKIfl OqjfiPEll RAPAHMOraA. 



9S 



aecoriacHH rasse otbocht6J[beu ofiflsaBBocTB nposeiJiTa cHjii^Tib 

Bon ^0 H B3BJI6E'b, rofiopBTii KapKHCaBB Bl saKJDO^eBie, 
H31> pa3B0rJiaCBLIXl> MHtHlfl KapaBBOBl, B 8T0 A^^o ooJiy^aeTB 

fice OojiBmee pasBBTie ^ 

fldi> 9Toro o6odp'kHiB lerRo ycMOTp'^TB, ^T0 EeBCA7 paajiB^iBUHB 
j^paBmaiiB, Ba eotophh EapaBMCTBO pasA^JiBJEocb nocji'^ ciiepTB 
ABaaa, 6hiMa opeACTasBTeJiB paajiBiiHiiixi» HanpaBJieHifi^ Ba^Bsafl 
^0h eavaro cTposaflmaro nieTB8Ma, saupeiuatomaro ooj^aBaTB Ry- 

ihA a HaA*B&Tb OojiBoie Tfesi-L pyOaniEy bi. cy66oTy, ;io ca- 
Maro mapoKaro JiB66pajiH3Ma, cKOTpHo^aro ch npenedpeseBieirb aa 
oCpaxoBiae saEOHH b o6%HBJiHioii^aro^ ^to nocjx% padpymeaiB xpaMa 
coAuDj^eEie npasABBEOBii ne o5fl3aT6JibHo. nepBoe HanpasjieHie 6bijio 
npaeynie EapaBUCTBy npB caaoirB ero BosBBEBOBeHiBf b dTBici 
HaapaBjieBieii^ 6biJiB BpoBHEsyTBi oasBbie BjieMeBTbi oepBOBa* 
^attaaro pacEOJia, t. e. ocTatEB caMyKeest, ecceeBt b t, a, 
BTopoe SB BaapaBJieHieOiiiiioojiBaeTBQpeBo JiaOepajtBaHKB cocTas- 
BKaa qacTHMB KapaaacEofl ceETU, RaEik aaiip., HcaBBTaiiB, K)Ara« 
HaraMB, IIIa;iraHBTaaB a aPm EOTopue cuoTp'feja aa aaEoaoAa* 
TeshCTBO MoBcea a aa o6tn(aBia npopoEOB'L rjasaaa atKOTopbix'B 
xpacTiaacsBxii raocTBiiecRBX'B a paiiioeajiflCTH^ecKBX'B eesTaBTOBi* 
nepBHxii xpflCTiaacEBxi BtEoBB. Bt 6opL6'b stbx'b AByxt npoTa- 
BOBojiosatax'E cxaxifi, bm^bbibxi^ aHoro aocpeACTByion^Bxi sBeaiA, 
cocpexoTO^aaacB bcb BayTpeHBaa mbsbl nepeoaaqajiiiaaro sapaaif- 
cTBa, aoRa ape^cTaBBTejia RoBcepBaTBfiaaro apaaiiBna ae OA^p- 
majifl, BaRoaei^ii, ptmaTeuaofl noO'feAZ'i b ae oorjoTBJiii oROB^a- 
TeXBEo jia6epaJibHBixi> ceRTaBTOB^. Ki> atoay cJE']^;^yerB opaCaBBTB 
HeaajoBaiRaoe aaiaaie, ROTOpoe bh^jih xpacTiaBCTBo a acJiaa'B 
Ha fljeBB'feftmiH aoROj'feHia pacRoiBaaROBi. IIoiotSBo Toay, EaE-B 
A5y-Hca, ctapaacB HaBepdoaaTB Bt ^ji6hej CBoefl ceKTU HcaoBt;^- 
HBROfi'B Tpexi> MoHOTeBCTBuecxHX'b pejiBPifl, A'fevia^ai* BCJ-I^ACTBie 
OToro paBJiH^BBia ycTynRa xpactiaacTBy a acjiaay (Bume I § 5), 
TO^flO TaEse Aaaai> a ero npBBepateaixBif b^b BH^^axi^ Qpio6pi;Ta- 
o^i mw npy ^» *t Scnjj^ jh tnnv^ TitJiKij rn SdjSk aien^Sn hdt'jk hSk npiSn 'o hoihu 

* llo Bpa6cii (TaEi xe): n^ai^ oSi cm^rs nd;iKC nzohm «e ^aSit oi^jt *e ^cSn^m 

, entya 

* B-v apa^cKOBTi leKcrfe (laas ace)i dbhSj* .T3i!rnH itDo ntsnS ntsra ko mni 



96 



KHHscRa Boczo;iA. 



Hifl coiosHHKOBii B noRpoBBT6iie&, soReTHEqajia CL rocnoACTBfio* 
n^BMH xpucTiaHC&aMn h MycyjiBManciCHMH HapoA&n?* TasHiTB me 
o6pa30Hi» Bnocjrl^j^GTBiE KapaHHCKie nHcaTejra noKasHo BocxBajHJiH 
ocHoBaTejiefl xpHCTiaacEoft h uycyji'LifaECEod pamrifi^ a Bsnojc- 
TBinRa oHHOHcajiB caMue osecToqeHBue noJieMEqecKte Tpa&iaTH 
E ^I'bjiajiH caHHfl rpy5ufl Eana^ncE ne TOJii>Ka sa xpECTiaHCTBo n 
ECJiaMi, BO B Ha jiHqaocTB Bz^ ocHOBaTeaeft. ?to Eacaexca noxe- 
MERH B% BbimeoaHaqeEEairL HanpaBjaesiB, to he o;^o Edit rjraB* 
Hi^finiEX'b RapaBHGRBXTi cotiBHeBifi ;Q)eBHibfiaiaro nepio^a, 6yA& 
9T0 co^EHeHie no aKsereTBK* cb. IlEcaHiE, no BaKoHoBtytaiio, 
jih6o pejiBrioaEO-^BJioco(I»cicaro coAepsaHm, se o6xo;ihtch t^eai 
TaRod najieicERE. OTHocBTejiBHo ace BToparo nyasTa saictTEifB 
3;^*CI», qto JierKo cocxaBHTB uliJiyio K0JiJiaRi;iio ocRop5BTejiLBbnt^ 
EposBani^ a o6aji,mhixiy KJiBqeicBf pasctaaHMx^ no Bcefi RapaEM- 

CROfl EHCBMeHHOCTB K 

TaRoe me B03MyTBTejiiHa-rpy6o€ JiBneM*pHoe oTHonreHie coxpa- 

HEJIOCB B'b RapaBMCTB'^ BBJIOTL ^^0 OeB^epeUOBHaro (tiaJLbCE(j[)BRA* 

Topa Bamax-B ^nefi, ;^o^pec•jIOByTa^o A,<I>HpK0BHqa'B^l^eM'B,pa8y- 
l^b6Tca, HECROJIBRO Ed BBBOBaTbl coBpeueEHBie RapaBMBi B006n^6< 

nocjii^ BToro o^osp'feHifl pasJiE^EBix'B (I)paRi];ift; BOSHQEmarB bib 
KapaEMCTBt nocji* cMepxE Aeaea n yAepacaBmHxca Ha Cojifie ejlb 

MeE'fee EpOAOJISCBTeJIBHBlfi CpOKl), UBI B*B CJl^&^^yiDD^BXl CTatBEXl 

nepedjieif B Ri* pascHOTp'bHiio xo;;a pasBETia caMofi rjaaanofl ^paRnjji, 
cyn^ecTByiQUiefl e noaBta-^ noAi> HadBaEieMi> RapaaEcRofi eeRTBi. 

A. rapKaBu. 



< 06uKB0BeaBua QposBaHla Moiaamexa bi sapaiMcuxi coqaaeeiflx^ rM%* 
cjrrv: Sioe ,yiit?D pioo r^n: pjia ^nmr a t. d,; i^apcTBa Hcjaiia — iTi^yt pp, 
ch flpH*SaBleH^eM^ n%iC2 ^^}pn ^Sioen 'sSo ,ni?iynn n^sVo 8 t. a«; AinopaHa — 
lAp *ifiD ^^iDD "^D It T. n. APFBXT. pajiiriflxi» Mosao sa^TV no|o6aua Bupa* 
sesia bi APBBB'ftfimBx^ KBimHucKiixii KosdMeeTfipiBti ki £IfltBxaBxlJo, bh. Hc&la 
H KB. JI^BHiflja, paBBo Ka&% B% peiBria3Qo-4^HJioco(])CKflxi B D0lellH1ec&HX^ Tpaa- 
Taiax^. 

^ Cv. ero aoxeMBHecilfl TpaBran (bi BOBqi suuMeBTapta Aapoaa k% be* 
Hcati) noAi sanaBieifb n'^sn cmn (EsDaTopla 1835), i, 64—56. IIiiacBepi^ ee 
Eormii BUCTjnBTb oncpuTO BpoTBBi <l*fflpKOBMqii, RU3UBaen> iTo Mar so: «co(k 
co6i yseju'TiTf* aocroBBCTBO RapaHHOBi y npaBBTajbCTBa n waoBipneB^* 
(nini* m ^Svi^ -I'^rrscn 'rv2 onSj?o SnjsnS n^isnn). JluKHyme findMoukimh I, 
20. iiecBaaaasue aaKaKUJKi oTaomeBiaEi kii (X>iipKOBBHy aojzbhu aasuitaTb 
BTOTL cfwcodB BaCToamHMii iMeHeui: nodAUMh douocoMo. BupOHem, o A^a* 
Tei&BOCTfi ^apKOBBia 6yA(^Ti> y Bac^ pt^B BaepaAa 




m> mmi o nMmn cestaxi). 



I 

(I 



A. fl. TAPKABM. 



BLinycirL i-H. 



C-DETEPByprT). 

TBio-Ini>rpa41« A. E. Ju^y. II<oii(. ISoum. I'MTf s, 3. 

1897. 



AoBBOieHO i^essypoi). C-nerept^ypn, 9-roHofl6pa 1897 r. 



ICTOPHIECKIE OIlPKl KIPIEMCTBA. 

(HSl 3TK)A0Bl EBPEfiCKHXl CEKTAXl). 



B03HHKH0B6Hia KapaBMCTBa B cyi^HocTfl ero Bi> oepBa- 
Baqanbeuifx BEjifb HMt jhcl jsfi nocjL'h^Hro BpeiieBH BecBua CKy;(- 
HbiH ncTopHqecEifl zBB^cTiH^ H nocoMy yieBKB, saHEMaBiniecfl 

BTBMB BOOpOCaiCB, Jj^OJBLBhl tbUlB J^OBOaBCTBOBaTBCa Dpe^nOJIO- 

SKeHiflMB H ;(ora;iKaifH, Koxopua HHKorAa» KOHe^HOy He Moryx^ 
ds^MbuBTh co5ofio ;iOKyifeBTaJiBHofl HCTopiii. Tojibko bt, cavoHa- 
ffbftinee speiiH HanuiBCL bi» pyRonMcax'b UMoepaTopcKofi ny6iE^* 
Hofl 5B6j]ioTeRB HtKOTOpBid i^^HHue MaxepiaJiH, opoJEBaionpe 
BOBUfi cB%Th Ha aTH BODpucu. IIojiL3yHCL 8THMH MaTepiajiaiC0 

Bli CBA3H, pasyuteTCH, Ch ;(aBHO HaBtCTHBlMH ^^aHHUMB, MBI 

upe^^cTEBBMii 3;itct oqepEH B03BHKH0BeBiB EapajaifCTBa, ero nepBO- 
Ha^&SBHaro bhm b ^lajiBHi^fiiDaro paaBHTifi, e saTtMii o^epKii 
BCTopaqecELHxi cy;(e6ii h coBpeueHHaro coctohhui K^paBMoB^ b% 
H&ineMi oTeiiecTB'!^. 

I. BosHiRioBenie KapaBMCTia \ 

§ 1. Ho rocno;icTBOBaBmeiry 3% CTapBiy MHtHiio, KapaBic- 
csafl ceiCTa BosHBEJra oocpej^CTBOVL pecTaspai^iB ;ipeBBefi ceRTu 
caA^yKeeBi*, 9to MHtHie Cmjio BwcKaaaHO He TOJibKo eHcaTenflMH- 
paBBHHBCTaiTH, HO OHO npeoGjEaM-^o TaRSce y cauHzii aBTOpB^ 
TeTHHxii RapaBMCRBXii aBTopoBi. JKamewb 3^iCh Ha BEJ^^aiO- 
niBXCfl cBB;itTejie& h3i> oGobxi* Jiarepefi. 

!• CaadtH faom (B-fepoBTHo bx nojieiiHqecKoir'B co^HHeHia 
iTpoTHBi* Anana) roBopBTk: <Bii to BpeMH, AsaHX, BMtcT*fe ct> 



1 Bspani'b xu roBopaiH o6i 3tomi npejiMeTl bi shi^bkiob. cioBapt Bpoiraysii- 
E4>poBa D, CJ, KapauMu^ cp* lawBe 3-e a3;i. Y xoMa HCTopiE Ppema, crp. 
413-^29. 



— 2 — 



Ee;tocToftHHMH 3110 Ahua \ cocTasJiHBnimcH ocmamKu ctKmu Ifa- 
doKii u Eodmoca (om^ai piTC nmnD o^imn), eo^yBCTBOBan, »aBHCTB 
rb paBBHHaM'b h noaRei[ajii> ocHoeaTB pacsojrii» h t. ;(. Sjibch 
roBopETcfl coeiBfleBiH oeTaTROB'L ciapHHHoi C6RTH c% Asa- 

HOMl KSkKh H'l^^TO O5jIl8a8BtCTH0]il» ^. 

2. y leiydu VaAeeu kh ^ETaeMi 3*5 Tasi. easBiBaeMOt 
XasapCKOtl nnuifh (HI orjt. § 65): cHocit locya 6eHi> Ilepa- 
XLfl xHJia leryia OeHii TaOCiaH u CErHOHT> Oee^ EQexaxi* ii htb 
npHB6paceHix£j. Bi* Hiti» BpeMH eoanuKAo nmajio KapauMCnato 
ffHenm (p^mp^K amo *«fK «tfj), BCJrtjtCTBie secorjiacia yqeHHx^ c^ 
i^apeMi. JiHHaa h t. ji„ n t, jt. ^^ ooRa He BepHyjicH Chhoh^ 
^ewh JHeTB^Th CO Bcl^HH cBOHifH yqeHHRauE HB'B AjieKcaH;tpiH E 
He BOBBpaTeJTB TpajiHiuE 6£ nepBoe SHa^eHie. Ho MEtBie Kapan- 
noBir y^e ycatjio nycTHXE KopHH yjiiojiei, oipHicaFonrHTb ycxHoe 
yqenie b HdoGpi^TaiamHxii MBGiHBiii ^(ORaBaTeJi&CTBa, saK'B tm be- 

XHIITByEBX% H HHH']&»*. — HS'B BpO^OISeBiH CJIOBli FaneBB BE^tEO, 

^0 OB'B zopomo BBaeT'B paaJtE^ie H6»Ay ca;^jiyEeB3M0irB h sa* 
paHMGTBOHii Bi> ;!corHaTEiiieeEoarL oTHome&iEi, ho epH BceiTB towh 
om> ciHiaeTi* Biopyio ceKxy BpoHcxo;|jm^efl oti* nepBofi b bo- 
ceiry oromecTBjLserh bxi. 

3- y AepauMa HGrn-dspu^ wh era KOMMeBTapiH Ha IIbth- 
KBHsie, HasBaHie KapaEHOBii rjEacBTi) do^tb Bcerjta caddy neu 
(o*?TTX), HsptjiKa BapiBpyn ero ct> HasBaeieM^ MnHUM^ (q'*:*s epe- 

TBEH, paCKOJIBHHKfl). y^e Wh OpeAHCHOBiH E^L 3T0Ey EOMMeH- 

Tapiio, npB OBEcaHiB aE3ereT«qecEoft cHCTeMH EapaBMoB^, roBO- 



' nojeMHnecKit tobI) c^Dpfll^lx^ bo BpenA ropa^ei Copb^ti c% o6tixi» cro- 
poBi He OTii^aica jMlpeBHOCTBD. Mm aep^Aaevb ocKop6izTeii>HUA BupaseaiA 

Bl CMflneBBQMl BIIJ(i. 

' Cm, Pinsker, Znr (Jeschichte des Karaismus, m'aioip *»\p^, II, 103, '^to 
niTaxa npB Haiti eJKiTb CathAii cp. 'mwh se crp, 98, b arouy ae ipoTiBopt^mib 
TO o^cTOflTMbCTBo, ^To, no CBHA^TeiibCTBy C&t&]foB& H6bi> lepjriaiia (Taw se, 
crp. 19)^ Caaiiifl eaauBaeTi RapaaMOB'^ nix APJ^OM^ Micrl ;^o$o^ cenmou^ Tan 
KajTS TaH% Bjieri pinb o HOBofi f^opnir upBisroit ceKraHTdMe co BpeMeaa no* 
SBjeHia Aa&Ha. 

' 3l%cb r&iBBH paacRaauBaerit no TaivjA? (Kt^dymuHi i. 66a) oGi f^a- 
CTii, KOTopoe i(apb JIbbbb npBHBiiaiii b'^ ^opi^Oi (fiapBceeBii i ca^yseeai. 

* Das diazarenback, ed. Hifschfeld, p. 212, 



— 3 — 



pan owbi tBTo cHCTeifa ca(J£?y»feeff» (crprrxn yn iwi), K&K^Haup* 
ABtai, BeBjaMflETLi h t. ji. 

4. HcTOp&E* AepaaMz H6m-^ayd^ (1161 no P, X.) BHpa- 
m^ercM Bechua, onpej^i^JieHHo: <no€Ji'fe paspymeBiH zpaira cad^ 
^pteu irpBourn bi> yna^oR^ (q^piiien iWnj), nasa He flBBJrcfi Aaanii 
8 yEp'^nHji'B Hxi>» '. — H'bKOTopBifl pyKonncH aifbiOTiy bic&cto 
CI. *caddyKeu^ (D^pn^), BapianrB MunuMd (DTSf pacROJiLHBKH) ; 

so pt^B BO BCflKOlTB Ciyqai^ H^^eT'B CSLjlflJKeSTL'bj TaRl KEE^ 

Tyrfc HirfeioTCH bi Buiy ceEtaHTM, cymecTBOBaBoiie ;io paapy- 
memB lepycaaBMCKaro xpava. 

5. A4>paEaHCEift yaeebifi (oRoio nojioBBHbi XII b«) GauyuJih 
HOm-^MaMu roBopHTi>, ^lo AaaH^ mejfB no CTonair^ I^adoKa 
u Basfnoca ^. Bi ^ipyroMt ttbcri oB'EBMpasaeTCJicjz'J^j^yiomHiffTi 
oOpaaoux: <Ca;(;iyEeE b 6odTycQU a sn nocJi'bAOBaTeJiH, eoto^ 
pue eadUBaiOTi) ceOfl EapaEif&HH» '. 

6. MouceU MauMOHudz (1168 no P. X.) rosopHTb npH 
ooHoafliH upoHCXOSAeHiH ceEn» caA;(yEe6B^ h CfoaTycueB'L: tOsir 
sasBiBaiOTCff bi> s»thi'b spanx^ (ErBOTt) KapauMUMu^ y yqe- 
HbTxik se TajiMy;iHCTOBT> OHH BocHTi Ba3BaHie caddt/neeez u Sodmyc* 
uees^ * o'^pi-nf D^3nn ^ Dn\Dtsn o^Knp d^t» ^i nntiKn iSxa iKipi) 

7. Mouceil HaxManudz (oeojio 1236 ho P, X,), Hcqecjiflfl 
sacjryra MaflMOHH^ia, ynasiiiBaerB raEse hh to o^ScTOHTeJiBCTBOY 
qTo noat^l^j^Hifi napajiH30Baji'E» BjriflHie EapanuoBii nps cyaTaH- 
CKoiTb ;iBop'b (b'b ErEHTfe), soTopoe 6UJI0 BecLifa Bpe^Ho ;iaH 
paMaHBTOB^. 3to oh'B fiMpasaerb wh no3TBqecE0M^ nocJiaHiE ei> 
i^paHKyscEflifb paBBBBaH'B Cii'^;tyiomHUH cjiOBaifH: <Kto oxpa- 
sajTL caddyneee^f TaKi» g0jii»ho flonpaemBx^ Haci*? Kto oepe- 
jltui'h Go^mycuee^ nofitjiHTejiBM'B? — aio-ace c;t'fejiaji'fc paBBaH-B (Maft- 
mohh^I'e), EOTopwfi, npa Eo»ieft noMomH, nporaanx pwnapeft 
(upoTHBaaEOBii) B y;iajiBJi> hxii caHODBHEOBi OTii jiBopa erBHeT* 



* Netibauer, Mediaeval Jewiali Chronicles I, 64. 
» Pinsker II, 155; cp, I, 13. 

* SteinschDeider b% Ofiigers Jddjsche Zeitschrift, I^ 241 « 

*' ICoiudeBTapifi MadiiOBWAa aa Tp, A6om% (n. 1-a, MHQiaa 3-a)- 



_ 4 — 



»t*tin^ .D*0''D *3:n iram id:? 'n riM ^3 ^n 311 h*?^ ? d^^ctS 0'Din*3rr 

§ 2. ECJIH OT-L paBBHHCKOft ^HiepaTypM O^paTHMCH Kt Kft- 

paHMCKHirt nHcaxejiflMi*^ to Hafl^teH-B, tto ;^peBflMmie a aaro- 

pETeTH'fefillrie H81> BESli HUE npHMO B OTKpHTO POBOpBT'b CBflBI] 

BTb ch ca;i;iyKefliffi, B2ib se ;^obojibeo npoBpa^iHo eaueKaiorB 06% 
8Tofl CBB3a. ToJibRo no3;^aMfni6 KapaHMCRie aBTopu, no HesHaaiia 
ECToplB cBoefi ceRTM s j^peBHeft jiETepatypH cBoefi, BoacraiOTi* 
npoTHBi, (ImKTHqecKoft aaBHCHMocTB m% OT^ caA;iyReE3iia. IIpB- 
^eMT* exEHCTBeaaBiM-b En. ^^oboxomtj — pasJiEiie oC-feHii ceKTh b% 
;^o^MaTBK'fe, KaKT> Haop. 0TH0CHTejii»E0 Btpu B'h descMeprie ATniE^ 
Wh BOCRpeceBie MepTBHXii e bi> npninecTBie MeeciE, TaRi> KaKi> 
;iipeBEie ca^Ay^eB oTBeprajiii BtpoBaBia (|)apeceeB^ b% dTBX'B 
nyBRmii* ;^orMaTHEfi, a sapjtHMM Be oTJiaqaroTCH n% aTOMT> 
OTHomeBio orb paBBBHCEEX'B eflpeeB-B. Ho 9tott> ;|OBo;^1. Be EM'feeT^ 
EERaK^ro 3Ba^eHiH, TaR'B rbri ocEOBaTe^ib RapaEMCTsa AeaB^t 
KaKT. yBE;^HMii BHsce, Boo6me nocTynEJiij aK.ieKTBqecRE, m saE^- 
cTBOBaax MHoroe Be toibko otti ca;myReeBT», ho a otb paG6aBH- 
TOB'B, E OTi. eBpeflcRExt CBRTB HeDocpejicTBeHHo ope^iniecTBO' 
BaBmEX'b BOBEBKHOBeBiH) RapaBUCTBa. A BOTi> H'l^KOTopEJfl cbb;^^* 

TeJlBCTBa JipeBBMmBTh KapaEMCRBXl, aSTOpOB^E. 

1. A6tf'IOcy0z SKy6z AAh* Kujmttcanu (oHca-iij bi, 937 r. no 

P. X^.) rOBOpBTl* EpH OEBCaBlE eBpeftCEHXT, CeRTb 0^% OCHOBaieJl* 

caMyKeftcRoft ceRTUr fHajioRB fiHJiii nepBUMT. odiH^BrejeirE pa6- 

CaBHTOBt^ npOTEBOptqHin> BMIi E O^^JJCBBJIt uacTB EpaBJM 1 (pi-^i 

pn*?!! ^ H^u yhw^ on"^ p^nb^bH iheki p^jk^'^k ^wik2 p bMi vi), A jiajte 

dTOTb aBTOp'B rOBOpHT'L OpO AEaoa: <0Hl>6blJI1>n6pBE>IM^f oQliECHEB* 

iDHMi BCH) npaBjiy oTBocExejiBHO BaRoeoBti (prf?SJ pa [0 ^iK im 
PH'isSk *b prbn) '. laREMBoCpaBOM-b, no UE^nm Ajib^KBpREcaBBf 



^ Codpaale nnceMi* Matf]iOBB;^a (Jlalomn 1859, crp. 8), no icDp&BieB- 
lOMy TeKcxy b^ Frankers Monatsschrift f* Gesclt n. Wissenscli» 4 Judeii- 
thorns, 1860, p. 187, 

* Cm, HsfitcTifl Kapama Ajb-liapRucaHi q6i eBpeiCKBXi c6BTax'& (bi 3a- 
MCKax^ BocToqi. otji, HiinepnT* apxeojorE^ecK, oGinecTEa, t. Till) crp. 243, 
244. 



— 6 — 



OTHomeBie u^mju o6tnUE cesravE tasoe se, b&ki» OTHomeme 

2. A6y*HKy6^ K>cy0% Ajth-Eacupi (no espeficKB: locu^h 
rapoCf uaoBJL% Bi 20-xii — 40'X'b rr. XT Bibsa), roBopH 06*^ 
oTHomeHiflii Aeana k^ paBBHHaM^, nBOieTi c;]'6;iyfoiiie6: tHe- 

COMBtBHO, qXO OEl (AHaB^} BBICTyUBJI-li CM'&JIO B OesdoHdHeBBO 

eg CBOBMB BOSpaaceBiHifB, noait Toro KaKi> B033ptHifl yqeauxii 

(paBBBBOBl) B3HJIB B6pXl> B BXl BpOTflBaHKH 6blJIB yBBqiOaCOBM, 

TftEi^ KaBi> BecBorpji aa to» ^to bo speMa BTOporo xpaiia (b'b 
lepycaJiBM't) cyn^ecTBoaaJio paBHorjiajie, pad^aBBT&i, HasbtBaB- 
ndecB Tor;ia (|japaceBiia, o;ioJitJiH, a pyKa KapaiiMoez^ HOcuemux% 
motda Hoadanie caddy neeez, ocjiafijiat rfti"Ws'?K dt) nun p^K-p^H ti) 
Tpm6m '. 9to m^cto CyKBaJiBBo saBMCTBOBajit Jlme^ Bern Py* 
m$M^ Bi> KoiriieaT. sa IlBTEEHBsie. 

S. CaiAh Aoyc-Capu (ok. 950 — 960) ae yaoifaaaaTi acao 
o cajuyKeaxiy ao saTo ob^ padcBasuBaeri) HHorospaTao tou^^ 
mo opeiBB EapaaMOB'b en^e B'B OTAaneHBtfirnia Bpeueaa, npa 
cymecTBOBHHiB iepycaaaMCsaroxpaMa, BcooJiBaJiH KapaaMCEoe saKa- 
Hoyqeaie Bxaflat, doacB npeci'feiOBaaift co CTopoau apoiBBBBKOB-B ' 
^rjs i"UTO "lioo 'n}H ^tijz ..*nnDa rmxD itpjn 'n rm^HT nno Byon;?'?3) 

•(..•BTrsni oitjr n^wii nnBs mxsn D^njr vm dtjb^ itoirS i'?^^ *t^ 
3TOn. pascKaa^ BaKBXi>-To npecjit;tyeMbiXT> ceKxaaTaxi* ;to 
ooHBJieaifl AaaaoBCKaro pacKOJia, RoropBie Braflai^ coQjiiojiaice 
tSBOB oco6e9a£it6 BasoBHy BOBTOpaaTCH TaKse a noBiatdaiBifB 
KapaBBCBBua aBTopaMa, y EOTopuxi btb eeBTaaxbi aasHBaioxca 
BireaeM^ (aaaiicxBOBaaaHMii y npopoEa EseEiBitH IX ^ 4) eoadu- 
xafomux^ u CKopGninux^, o'pjKm o^niKn. Ecjib ae xoxairB 

UpBdBaXb B6CE 8X0T1> f&BCK^B'b EaXHJtBBOtt BUJiyMEO^ Bilfl POpB- 

vtBHiCB apejiowhj a jioaycxEUii wh aeii% xox& vaitSmyio ;iojiki 
RRht, xo Mfai aioJUKabi oxBocBXB efo EB caAiyReficKod cesxt| 
erh Boxopoft A*ftcxBHxejibao espea BejiH oaecToqeaayio OoptOy 
BO Bpeiia Bxoporo xpaKa, 6opB5y, EoaqaBiayiocB aoiBBiiri oopa- 

« fiuma6y.fb'Iicm!f ScapB (*ititon ibo) Aib-Bicipai pjKongcb Han. Ily- 
(Silitfaoi Bi6ii(>Tdii; Ce^ips Faotu^pt, Piosker, 0, 8i. 
* Pinskir, IT, 35. 



apB 

It 



— 6 — 



ffieBlesit ceKTaHTOBii, Taai. nro Biiocji*;tcTBiB ocxaTKH nocjttAHJSi^ 
;i'feficTBHTeaiLHo ee Morjie Becia oTspBiTofl onnosHiuH ct ycxaBO- 
BEBmeficfl eBpeftcKO-HaipoeajiBEofl (})opMofi peJiHrin ji,o anoxH Be* 
JHKaro cQETaHTCKaro ;iBB«ceBiH y BocTo^BBixi eBpeeBi, ^BBHeHia^ 
saBepmHBinarocH cxmuott Afiaea. 

4. ABTopi. coqeHesifl D'j^nm D^Kipi pi'Tn (bs aa^aj'^ XIII B.) m> 
cBoeft oojeMHK'fe npoTBBi»pa66aHHTOB^ roBopHTTi Mem;i7 npoqHMii: 
<Mw ;^peBBte hx^, b ot^ aac^ npoBCxojtaJH iepycaJiHimH, 
maMMaBTLi ' caddymu b Oosmycuu (pnicryi po^Dn' r^DU iJSOT 
(pDin*aii*pnTi •*. A npo icapaBMCKHX'B iipe;^KOBT>, t.-h. aoaduxaio* 
u^uxz u €Kop6HmuTBt oHTi pascKasBiBaeT'B: <IIpa BdraaeiB espe- 

eB% QapflMH QjlpUB, (pBMJIBHaUB) C% BMUm 6U2B TaRHe BOBJIM" 

xaK)a^i6 a cRopGHii^ie (o^p^Ji Q'n^jn) b t. ;(.j b obh CRpuBajiBCs 
BTafifit OTi> oKpymaioiiiBX'L BX'B QpecTynHBEOB^B, cji^^yfl npBir6p7 
CBOflxii npe;iEOB'Bf aoB^^bixaioii^BX^ b CKop6flmBX%> '. 

6. ToMo TaKate leiyda Fadacu (1149 no P, X.), ynoKHaaa 
itBMoxo;ioH^ paaaooaciflxi> Jias^iy t{japBcei!ifB a cslji^jiykbeue ^^ 
craioBHTca caM% aa To^Ky BptaiB oocji'feAHHxi. 

6. Jjiu MGuz-CoAeuMaHZ {b% EOHq;t XI bjih Han. XII b.) 
Bi> tBmu% EOMMeafapiB aa IlBTaEaBmey no pyKonacB IImo. TLjd, 
BH6itiOTeEB, TOJiEya cioBa naxpiapxa AapaaMa (BbiTie XVIII^ 
24): «MoffieT!b Hafl;iyTCfl 50 npaBe^aHKOB-B b% ^opo;^tl, roBO- 
pBTX MejK^ty Epo^HM^: «EiJTfc Moacex-B, qxo a wb lepycaJiBM'fe 
6him TbKoe me qacjia eosduxammi^x^ u cKopSHmuxz, ho xaKi> 
EaE'B oaa cspuBajiacB, xo norBQi} cb. rpaj^^ ch ero odBxaxe* 
jLffMB » Kp^ DHiH K*?K D^pjitji o'^n^ttj m^'TH Hin '?nD o*Surt*3 I**P Tp *5:?V\> 
Ki 'iKTi c*SuiT miin:: isoic? npD nSim i'?2S«<iSn "[^a piKcnq ijir oS 



1 Hasaajim ariix AByi^ mbi!muii> ceKTb ocaoBaau aa fieAopaiyjtiMig, • 
aaiBGTBOBaaij otl paBBHHCSixi cocTdBMTejeil lepycaAuMCKcno TaAMyda a Ha* 
coiy B OT^ j^eaaioBx paBBnaa UlaMMan* 

• Plosker, H, 101; cp. Taiii ae, crp* 104, 

* Taiii me, CTp. 101. 

^ dro iticTO isiaflc» mbos no pyRoaici Hmq. IIy6. Bb^j. bi co«i. Al^ft*" 
diB{;lie Deokmaier aus d«F Kriiii^ CTp. 213, npeii. 2. 



SxpaB^iJi KpaTHEa hhrohmi o6pa80in» He mohbtb j^onycxaxB, 
ro Bt't 3TH ApeBHiH cBH;(tT6Jii>cTBa GCBODaBH Ha HeAOpadyM^- 
BiH fl Ha ]cajQMi> SBasoifCTot cb HpoflcxosjteHieM'L H pasBHTieiiB 
capaHMCTBa. HaBoaicoacHo Tasse npe;(nojiaraTb, nto pa66aHHT 
zsde nHcaTem npoTHB'b hctbhu h Hapo^HTO opaiLieTaJiB ca^uy.^ 
Kewb Ki* KapaHMaiTB b^ BHj^axi noaaMHicB, xhh Ban^maro eocpa- 
MieHlfl nocM-b^BETbi TaKi> RaK-b^ bo nepBtitx^i npMB6;ieHHB2H HaiCE 
CBH^CfeTeJiBCTBa, 3a HCEJOoqeHieM^ EHHFX Caa;iiEt h K5Ei»-Aa7Aa, 
8aKJfoqaKiTCfl fle Bi nuaevB^ecEHi'b co^HeeHiHX'L^ nanpaBJioH* 
Huxii HpoTHBi* KapanicaBii, a bi> aarepaTypHUxi* Tpy;iaxi», Ha- 
aaa^eBHfau-B hceui[oiiht6j&so ^h paSfSaHHTOBii. Bo btopbixi>, b% 
noMeuHHecKETh BH;iax'B Becbiia neBHroj^Ha 6HJia 6h TaKafi Bhi- 
xyMKa, Tacii Kas^ 3thii'b pa65aHnTU cana jiocxaBHJiH 6bi cbo- 
mwb npoTHBBeKaMii cHJibHoe opyacie opoTEBii C66fl, npHjiHBafl 
cejcTaBTaHi» apacxHZ'B ;(peEH0CTH, h eii^e Ta^ofl irHaro3HaqHTeji&* 
Bott ;ipeBH0CTH, TaHi> Easi> no Tajiify;^iq6CK£iH'L fl ApyrHtf'B ecTOfi- 
HHKan^ E3B'^cTa0y RTO BO Bpeiffl BTopoFO lepycaJtHMCKaro xpaKa 
ca^UyK^B ^oiroe BpenE noiLaoBaiHCL paBEoapaBidifb cb il)apa« 
ceHMH, E ojiEO BpeMH B8HJIE j^aste Bepxi> Ea^i-b noCJlij^HHMH. 
UpBTOwh 6mjo Cm oqesB cTpa&Eo, ecJiEGi oO'fi qpotebhkih nap* 
TIE, pa66aHETM E KapaEHbi, corjiacHJiMCB 6h AooycEaxb o^ej h 
xyace BWjiyMKy. 

§ 3. HoMEMo Bcbxi axExi cBH;ttxeaECTBii, y Hact aM*excfl 
eme Ooa^e etcKoe ;ioEa8aTe-ibCTBo saBocHHOCTE KapaEMCxBa oxi. 
CAj^^iyEeeB-b, a uEeHHo, corjiacie 06'bEX'b ceETi. bo MeorHxt aa- 
EOHOEOJiosdHiExi, UBWh Heo;(HOEpaTBo yEasHBaJiii A. Fafi* 
repii, ox^acxE xasaca h Tonhji^reiwh, Ta&oa corjiacie o5tErb 
oecrb^ noBxopHfcnieaca bo meophxi* pejiEriosHux'B saROHax'B a 

06pa^lSLT%y BEEOEHX oCpaBOM'B Ha M0H6TI> OMXB CJEyqafiHblMI) CO- 

fiEa;(aB]eMi)^ a A^EadHBaex^ 6e8C0MH'6HH0, wro nos^^BMmaE ceicxa 
(EapaEMOBii) saEMCTBOBaiva y ;ipaBHtdHi6fl. npe^nojiomaHie u'b- 
K<yiopbaLi> yqoHHX'&y ^ixo AiaEii e ero opHBepsaEi^bi oxuceb^ 
BajH KH^Hie caxj^yEeeB'B OTHocExeJiBHo pasHuxii aasoBOB'B b% 
Ta.iiiy;i'k ^ — He Mosexi> EHEt 6biTh ;ioQyiz^eBo, xaEi> Easi* Haifii 
* Cp. MBifiie jHefiaro C* J. FanocopTtt wh ca^ KeMntfia NldLUndaiasischi 



- 8 

TsnepB SdBtcTHo, 11T0 RapaHMiii corjiacHH c% cajTiiyseflifB e wh 
TiEHXt nyHKTaxi., KorapHe coBCfent Be ynoMAHyTM B'h Tajiiff- 
;^y a EBB^CTnu Haifi> hs'e co^HHeHii Ioca(I)a OjiaBifl h Apy- 

mii ECT0^HffKOB1», HJm £6 EOT0pUX'l» MU llOSeifB TOJLBRO Sa- 

sjno^mTB c^ lOMOE^H) HCTopa^ecEHXii H wvnnecKnTh coo<5pameHifi ^ 
BecBKa ecTecTBeHHo, ^to npe ocBOBaeia HOBofi cesTfj ^Hany 
Sbijio Bijro;iflo onEpaTBce aa ;ipeBHaz% caAXTK^^ai), TaK'B san> 
0H% HaEMcarB aa cBoeiii> BHaMeHH totl se eaMBifl nosyHri), ro- 
Topwfl E y cajmyKeeBi, cnymEmy KpaeyroiBewM'b KaMHeE^ ZTb 
txABUht, a HveHEo, npasBaBie acK;noqaTejiBHo& aBTopaTeTHOCTS 
TojUkRo da ^HcaHHHM^ aaEOHoirk (^re^ts^ Tn\n) a OTaepseHie ycr* 
whHL'h Tpaj^Hipt ', lOTE Ha caMou% ji^Ji'fe HH ca;iAyK6B, an sa- 
paBMH He MofjiH OCT aBaTBCii B'fipa&iitH 3T0ify npHHE^any, Kafii> 

ySff^aM-E HHS6. 

Tasaif^ otipasoiTB npe BeairaTain>HoMi] asyqeEia ecTo^aaROBx 
AttiS ECTopia eBpedcRax'B ceRTi> Eatfii BHacHaeTCH, qTO octatRa 
ApeBEefi caMTKeicRofl cbrtbi, nooit norepa eio BcaRaro oTEpu - 
Taro BHa^eaia b% paaaaria pejiariosHOfi sbshe eapeficRaro aapo;(a, 
iipo;^oji»a:iB enje cymecTBOBaiL, aia, B-fepate, cpoaflOaTL, b^ 
Taflat JO Koeiia Vn b Haiaaa VKt cTOjrfeTia no P. X,, a qto ara 
ocraTRB arpajH saaiBTejiBayio pojiB npa BoBBEKBOBeBin EapaHH- 
CTBa, ROTopoe 6axo;iaTca b% Oojitaiofl saBHCEKocxH ort ca;i;iy»e» 



Poeeie, n, 240 a ion q*i3 V, 20&; eit^T cJtAOBaii noKoifluft II. (J^pAfiiib n 
csoax'b cranaxi. o KBpaiiiftxi.. 

^ ConocTaBieHie Bcix^ nysKTOtit bi> Koropui^ sapaauu coriacHtf ci Ci^- 
Ajxe^iii Mu AAOXX BBxe bi npiJomeBia L 

* Mto TatoBi 6biji> ^teBfln cai^jReeBx— npRsaaercfi K&n TainyAorxii fj^l 
saoiHt acBO oic&BBiil saKOBi> fiaauBaercfl u o^iid O'piisnv nai (to, ^to iipi- 
saaeTca ii CAMfKe^Hi; tp. CaordApiflXf 33, rp, Fopalon., 4), xaBi a Kapai- 
nam, Banp. j Maxpnia (De Sacy Chrestom. arabe II^ 105), KOTopui qepa&n 
wn lapiiMCKaro icroiiBiKa. FpeTRii (G^scli* B. m, 4 Aueg. p, B9), raise ro- 
loprr^ Epo caAATKeoBii: „Sie sttUteo das PriDcip atif: dass nur diejeaigen 
BestimmungAD, welche in dfir pentateucliiecheii Geietzgebuiig deotlich and 
aaadiUcklich aufgefflhrt werdeD, verbladlich •eieu*' u. s. w. Cp. taiiii sa, 
ctp. 690, TA^ npttBo^HTc^ cBBAtTesfcCTBo locBiJja 4>jiaBla o(Ji atom. 



EC 



i 



flHTO *• 

Bee 8T0 BnoiiH^ cooTS^TCTByer^ oduRHOBeHBoiiy acTOpaqe- 
cwovf TiyxY B'b 6opE5'& pejrartodBbixi ceKTb, h Becbira ecT6CTB6H- 
EOy vro Tasoft aHa?HTejibBbr&pacROJn», KaR'BcaAJryR^ficEift, EirpaB* 
is B'L npo;[oi8ceBie b^rob'^ TaRyio BBi;iafoii;7fOcji pojiB epeAE^ 
iBBpeficRaro Hapo^a, ae Bcqe8aen> BaesaDBo a cpasy. Tuch^ii 
telletCTB^r BocBBTaDiDBicif Bi> HsaaBBCTB a BeapavapHMoB 
Bpax^l'fe wb xoRTpHBaMi» paBBBBOB^ E K% peiBrioBHofi npavmA 
Tpa^iUoHBaro iyAeflcTaa, se opeapamaiorB pasoifB BcaRyio onoo- 
bbhUd npoTBBi> BTETB A^tRTpoBi H B6 no;^qHiiHioTCB cpaBy rere- 
tfOBiH cBoflxii npoTHBBBKOB'L. 7 CTyuaB B60GX0;(tlM0eTB nOA^tflBOTbCH 
aocjrt^CBBifb flapyacHOy (k)jrte cTofiaia a (paBaTaqBBia jra^HOCTfl 
crapaiDTCfl nepe^aBaTt cBOBifb noroiiRav^ Boo^iyaieBJiaiomifl flx% 
a^iea a TaflayK) HpasAy ki> cqacTjraBfiiM*^ conepaaKairL Bi oacs- 
AAHia CjiaronpiHTBaro MoireHTa, Ror;ia opaB€pseBi^a¥'B bxi> nap^il 
BOSMoacao Oy^^eTi BBicTyoBTi^ hbbo. B^ TaaoMi nojozeaia, no & bah- 
ifoity, Baxo;iajEacii b ocTaTRa ca;(;(yReficKofi ceRTiif ;co SBOxa BejiuRaro 
cesraHTCRaro ^iBaseaia aa boctor'1^ Boo6iZ(e b y BocToqeux'B 
QOpeeBi b^ ocoOeBBQCTB (Vn— Vni cToji*Tifl), Ror;ia 9th cajuty- 
seflcRie ocTaTsa TaRse BO8o5B0Bajia cboio BBayio oafi^^a^iia 

ffpOTB8% paBBBEBdlia B CaySEaa $epK6BT01l1> A^Uff BHOBb SHpOS* 

xaioniaxca ceKTB. 

4. C% BbimeBBAomeBEbiWb coriacQBi raRse B'feEOTophiE 
BeMDHo Bafl^eBBbia jiaBBua o ca^^yEeax'B. 

A- TaKi aanp. a3B*cTie JlaBBjta AJit-MyKRaiiaca, too caM7* 
Wbu aanpentajia padBOAi> cl seaofl, a qro stoti aaaper^ 6uji% 
aaaiicTBOBaBii y aax'b ocBOBareieifb efipeficRaro pacRoia ucaeu* 
mo6Z A6y-Hcofl (mm'h b^ robh* VU a aan. Vin n, no P. 



' bi Revue dts etudet jtiives (XXX, 12S) m BeAapaiyvifim cKasaaaod 
vij c no3ABo coxpaHiBmaxca 0CTaTKax^ caMTiE^^Bii otHocrrca ri M^rapitt- 
L ,vi (ecceaMi). Bi tqmi ae »ypBajt (cxp. 318) a cooCman*, hto Moe npe|- 
BoioseBid Tosj^ecTBi Marapiliieii c% ecceaMH i IlcK&aj^epaHH c^ ^ajoaom* 
Boj|Tiepi(fioc& aosAatSmmti Baxo;iKaafi. 




— lU — 
X.) ^ TaRik KaKi> Bi TajEiffy^H^ecKHX'B h APyrHxii HaB^bcTHbinT 

BaiTL HCTO^HHRaXli HB EM'^eTCH HHKaKBXl> BBB'feCTJfl 06% aTOlTB 

caiAyK^ficKOM*^ 8aopemeHiH ^, to o^6Bh;iho, qro KepEHcaHJi, hah 
Jiyqine, cjiyxHBinifl any hctoiibekom'L JI^aBB^i'B AjiB-MyRKaMHci>, 
EirtJi'B npe;(i> co6dio HensB'bcTHyfo EOHry caAJiyKeftesHxi aasoHOBii, 
TA^ niJia p'jtqb a o aanpemeHiE pasBo^a. To me canoa cji^^en* 
csadaTL oTHocHrejibHo APfi'^^^o caMyit^AcKaro saKOHa, a BMeHHo 
OTEocaTejxBHo EOCTaBOBieBiflp ^ro Bct M'bcaipii bi» rojiy ^^ojishu 
aaoioqaTB poBEO m TpE^i^aTE ji^eeft K 

B, Tort ae KepKEcaan roBopaTi* aeMBoro ji^BJt^e npo El^a- 
;ioEH cat;iyioiaee: «Osi> cocTaBUjii> co^EHBEia, rj^ ohi> cejibbo 
EopEi^aii'L paOGaHETOB'B E MHoro BWh Boapa3KaJii>; TOJCbKo ^T0 obi» 
fie opE&o;^ET^ ^(OKadaTeii&cTBii bI) no;iRp'1&EJi6Bia cboexi^ HE'bmft, 
a BdJiaraeT'B Bce B'h ^opwh pascEasa (ejih Tpa;iEi;iE), da eciluo- 
qaHleui» loabEo o;^Horo saKOHa ^, a EUaEEa saEOEa o sanpente- 
BiE aesHTb^H Ba naeMEHEHU^ ot'b Gpaxa e ort cecTpH, rji.'h 
ofl-B m^jifiK%) ocEoBfaBaeTca aa aEaaoriE Ch 8anpemeBieMi> 6paEa 

Cb TeTKOfi C1> OTI^OECEOi EJIE MaTapEECKOfi CTOpaBBI» *. 

3aHtTEHi> no BTOMy noeo;ty» ^to bii coJiavERt KEpEEcaHE 
opoTEBt pa06aHBTani» e npoTHBii npescTaBBTeJiafl paBEHXi* iy^ett- 



^ Cm. HaBtcTlff AjvKipKBcaaBi crp. 2^4, 305^ 311; cp. r&jiacB bi, ^is^n S^vit 
(Altjfld. Benkmiler ia der Krim p. 214), 

* Hsii MiraflM (Tp. HdaitiMh IV, 6) BmUQ bubocth aBKaKeii saKiioqeail, 
Tasi> laiTE TaiHj bo nepBhix%, jmu&u&inas o pasBOASoMi. lecrt ffiapiceeB-b, i\ 

B6 8X1> OpOTMBHMKOBI.; BO BTOpUX'&, BBCblta COKBlTOJIvBO TOHJ^BCTBefll U yDO- 

lusyryji raaix apoTBBQMja 4»apHceBBi> 'h^hi oM^p^tm Ch caAAJKeeMi, Rain» vro 
npiBOMaeTi^ FaMfiyprepi (Heal^Encyclopadie, p. 1051) 5erb bchkbxi* Aoxaaa- 
xeibCTBX, tbkii Kan ca^^ATKea eBr;^t He npifpo<iBBaBTCfl coeiUaxkBO Kh Tamm- 
let: cK0pt6 ifieny arofi ceaTki rpyiiiiupoBaj[BC& OKOio iepycaiiHCfearo xpaMa, 
citAOBaTeiLBO sbjib bi Ija^* 

' Il3Btc?TiH KapKBCBBii 0^ espeicKEii ceKTar^ crp. 304: t^^ dtiim in^iii 
Kor m^n «mo*»a "^mt?^**; cp. q6% btomi EBaie. 

^ 3tO Be COBCtHX TO^BO, U60 HM Bixe flH^HIfX, TTO Vh KBBrl I^aj^OKa A^- 

Baau&ajoei* raKxe, ^to mucjo ahb^ bl itte^ut aojisho (SyTb poBBo 30. 

* HaBtCTia KBpKiicaHi o(3ii eBp. ceiiTa2i>, crp. 283: p n^e ifOK KSMn^ ]iii 
'Sj iSt *?iep nDiifi hS*7i n^np moo ^v ^by Dp' e^J nan lu cn^Si? ijroSitT j^iKaiS*! aSn 




— u — 

€KBXi> mKTh MOSHO BaflTH KBOFO npHCTpacTHUxii cys;i6BiA, B'B 
ero £(HTaTaxii B31» pafiBHBeRBxi> coqBBeBid Baxo;(BMi> Tasme 
aevaao BOjiopadyii^Bifl, ocBOBaBBiax^ he oidbOo^bom^ noBHMaBiH 
an fia HCKasesBux^ ^TeHiHX^ b^ paBBBBCKoA JiBiepaTypt *; 
BO ji,o cjAX'h nop'b B6 BaSA^BO y Hero coBepmeeeo Bbi;tyMdHHbixi» 
miTarB B3i> BeeyiaecTByion^x'B Ksan, h, cy;iH oo xapasxepy 
iCHcaTejBCKott ^-feflxeit&BocTB osaa^eBBaro asTopa, e^Ba Jia Boa* 
ifosfio 06BHBHTK ero b% bq;(o6homi> BpecTynaeaiji. nocany cbh- 
jt'fexeJii.cTBu 9Toro nncarejiH cymecTBOBaaia KaatB, opBnaeu- 
BaeMod I(aAOKy, r^t Cujh as^tomesH b^ aojieHEiiecRoii'ii xoB'b 
Bcb nyBKTbi HecorjaciB caMyKeeBi» ci Tpaj^BE^iuHBUifB iy^^aaa- 
Mowh — ;uLa BacB BecbMa Bamao. T'^vi 6ojite, ^to std CBa;^t- 
TMBCTBo ca;i;^yKeflcKofl KBHrfe nojiiBepacM^cB ;;ByMfl ;^py^eMH, 
orii aero BeaaBBcauuHB. 

B« Bii o;iBOMi> py £008080111} KouM6HTapioaa KB. QcxoAi>(apa6- 
cKaH pyaonacb Emb. ny6jr. dB6jiioT6Ra), KorophtJt i]pa6aj!uiesHTi> 
axa BSBtcTBosry sapaaucRoiry noJieiiacTy CaiAio 6em Mat^iax^ 
(flBcaJii oKOJto 960—960 no P. X.), ajia ^e .npyrony Kapaaii- 
CKOMy asTopy X cTOJi-feTia *, bt* Toin> M-fecrfe, r^-fe oaii Boapa^ 
JSMBTh Caa^ia Faoay oTaocaTeaBBO o5B3aBBacTo ocHOBHBaTLca 
am fia6iiio;^eHia aoBujiyBJa npa oope^'^Jieaia BpeHeaa npasxaaROB'By 
qaraeMi) cji'b;iyK»mee: 

cJtpeBHie iy^BB Bcer;ia acsajiH (ctapajiat^b HaOjiojiaxs) bobo- 
jiyaia. Ohi> hb (Caa;iia) yTaepscAa^TX, nto npa^flaoft TO¥y ObiJitf 
H^aAOKii H Boaioci; ao Kumu caddyneeez o6u4eu3efbCmHUy a 8% 
Haxi aaqero B'feT'B TOMiki qto dTOt^ qeion^K^ (Caaxia) roao- 
pan>, TaKit £aE% Bit khukvxi lludona asjiaraiOTca paaHbia ero 
BoapaKeaia npoTBB'b pa66aBBToe'L bo epeaa BToporo xpana, 
acepTBonpaBoiDeBiflxi> a ;ipyriixi» iipe;(M6Tax'b; bo atT^ B^b aaxi» 
aa ujtaoft OyRBU o tomi, ^to 0atiwMu (CaaAia) roaopaxii* *. 



^ Ha BtioTopuji 0Mitf6Ki ooAo0flaro pojit ; KupKacasji hboio ysasaflo wb 
^moei BumefDOHaaTToft craTbt o6i bchi. 

' Cm. moi Stodien tind MUtheilniigen aus der KaiserL Oeffentl. Bibliothok 

• ApaOcKlA TeKCTT* BTOfo irtera rjicani: h^p^a SiiSn*?* laSo' HD'tph^ |*o ipe 



rilk* 



eas 



^ 



— 12 — 



M'facTo 9T0 saHMCTBOBaao aBTopoin> Hamero EOMiieHTapifl 
coBpeMeBHEKa Caa;^ifl, RapaQHa Xacana (hjih Xacyna) Cenw^ 
Mamiaxij cjoBa Eoroparo bi, €BpeflcKOM% n6peBo;i*, bo b^ 
flCKaseoBOMi bh;i%, npHBOAflrcH 7 nHHCRepa ^ E8I1 pyROUHCEoft 
KHuiu 3aKOHoez (r\imn isd) flSBtCTEaro EapaaiccEaro umcdkrenB 
Ie\ydhi Fadacu (hhjtb okojio EoaoBHS&i XII BtEa bt, KoHCtaB* 
TEHonoi*) ', rji'fe MtcTO 3T0 rjiacHTT* TaET.: rrffB f3 V? a^crn pi 

(qBT. D^pnir ''^M) a^pnx i^hd Hhn\ * o"*j!s^d' j en^ ."wrc^ ^je*? jn-r ^inn Kin 
^15^3 o^n^in ^ ^Turw c^vsie 0^121 «^h irn mc p3» k*?! "^kw* tim 
^jM rf?i3 'tt «j»t yhhm niBroa ic*t itSn 1171. 'Ji? n^i (^ht. m:3Tp) nijam 
oin*3i pi-nr ^j0d itdh kSi p^p n:pn h t- ;^a 

Ssa^eBie BToro cBBAtTt*jzi>cTBa ji8i> oojieMeiecEaro coiiEE6HiHr 
eanpaBJieEHaro npoxEBii Caa^iie en^e npn ero hbsbh, xaEse Hd 

MaJOBaSHO, E EHEOElfl} OGpaSOM'B EBILSH ^lODyCTHT^, QTO Eapa- 

BiTL Xacafi% coBapmeBBO BHiiyMajii (Sh to, qto obi^ roBopET'b a 

nnmn (ejib Kumaxz; cm. BB^e) IXadoKa^ TaEi> EaE7> 6i> TaEoiix 

ojiyqat ero npoTHBQEKii, cypascEifl FJiaBa aEa;ieMiB, hof'b 6hi ero 

coBepmeBBo yBaqTosBTB npocTyM-b sautqaBieii^; nmt ifio ^n^^ 

BJtE: cQOEasE-Ea TBOfo ca^jiyKeflcEffO EHEry!» 

SaiffaTHM*!. eme, ^to to o6cT0flTeJiE»eTBO| qio coiEeeiie K^aAosa 

easbiBaeTcji TO dkhd (KHQra), to bo mh. q. ariD (sBBre), e8 Moacen 

eiysHTB ^o&o;ioif'B apoTHBi» ero nojpEEHocTH, xaEi* EaE% aro JierKO 

^ff umasii ir>0ii pnt ana *» wk 7*^11 »*)iib*t tnft hist kco 'r nn^© o'Si rt^piufjii 
*'0r8^*» man noo -rnm tivt nsjtna •! s?dd itou»»nvji paxip'?!* *» ut? n^a ^© pnan'^it 
^To o^aaio B-b cjuiaocTB CaaAin npas^, bi^ho lan^ i3i ipease-TajM74rrecsiX'& 
icfoHHHEOBi, TEKi E isi CBiAtTBibCTBa AGyii»4)&|>aj|Ha 4»fpsaBa, npiBOHEaro 
caNaci BBse. 

^ Zur lj«schicbt6 des Karaismus I, 95. 

' HuacKepi yTBepaiajt (xaM^ Ke* crp. 93—4), qto aaropoirB osBanefiffol 
KH. aaKOBOBi 6ui^ nepeBo;ifHin. To^^m Oa^d^ (shj^ wh XI b^kI), fl 
caafajR CKJoaAJCfl n^ arDiij HElBfro (Altjttdische Benkmiler, p, 162); ao no* 
Kofiaui OepjB&cicil! yiesufi JI. 0. 4>paaEuib ^ofiaaaj^, ^to FajiaGE ecTi» aaciaa- 
iniS ea asTopi (Monatsischrift 1S62 p. 77—85). 

^ y CaaAii npiBOAB'Tca pascKaai. q^\ ABTirroKf i ero j^eRiKaxi (ocHOBa- 
Teiaii c«rn»^ BasBaHBUx^ an EveaauB) Uii^oai a Bo9TOct, i;an arori paa- 
CKaai i3io«eHx bi> Tp, ;ji3 'it i^i::i4 rj. V; cp. MaiwoaiTAa vh soEMeaTapiB 1% 
MnmBi Adoiit I, 3. 

* T. e. Tpi apnsBaRa (jjopuu hobo jy Bin (na?^ th**oni tniii). 





— 13 — 



MA'bJJkB blE WCTK, B31i ROSX^ KaSC^aH HHSUBlUaCb KHUWtl, 00- 

Xo6bo TOMy EaKi> rpaMuaioKa Caa;iiQ FaoHa no TasoA ace opn- 
nB^ HadbiBaeTc^ h Bi 6^* Bu ifB. qacj*^. 

P. 3% pyaooBCBoirx KOMMeBTaple ea II^TBKHBJKid (aa apaC* 

CKOMli fl3l3jR'&, T^K^e li^ II^Q. nfGjBqB. 6b6jI.) II3B'J&CTBarO Ea- 

paDMcsaro SEserexa A6yAh0apadjira 0ypKaHa H6m-Acada (no 
eBpeflcKfl: hmya 6em leiyda; nflcaat Bi oojobbbj XI CToa*TiB) 

TaRBCA HaXOABTCH, KAKl) y BC'&X'b nO^TB KapaBlfCRBX'& aSTOpOB'K 

eo BpeiieBB CaaAia^ ofimBpaan nojieiiaRa nporaBi Qocji'b;(BBro 
BO DOBo;iy o6fldaT6JiBBOCTB BaSaioiteaiH aoBOjiyaia. Bi, axofl no- 
jeMBR^ 8*6 aacTOHBiift ifOHearL fiaci> HHTepecyeTi> cjii&;iyH}B:(de 
aitefOi aa^ajio Roxoparo ei» cosajitHiio bi> pyEoaaca aoBp6»;ieao: 
^KoTRA m,e aoxpeGyexcH ;(ORa3aT6Jii>CTBo bs'l cb. IIacaBiB» to- 
oSH (pa66aBBTij?) 6epyx'b ;^obo;i'l m'h paacausa o 150 ^BBTb ^ 
uBTh Roxoparo Iladom npu6eA% doHasameAhcmeOf Qpoxasoaojias- 
aoe ero ;ioBo;iy» (or oi *jf>H mp2 unnn ^^khd i'bi^ ubm hih^ 
\rT KHS mnK ho pjkSd ^bv P'i'\'i JnnK ^rhn). — TaRawb oUpasoMx uu 
HiffeeiiT) [iBxaxy as-b Huiim Uadona u y EapaaMCRaro aaxopa XI 
B'feEa, npaqeMt ae acEJiM)qaeTCB, Koaeqao, Bo3MoaceocxjE>, qxo oa-s 
BoaaaMexBHBas'b oBeaiesHyio i^BTaTy ae h31» caMolt Kuara epeciapxa 
I^ajioEa, a Bbt^BTaJii. ee y npej^oiecTByiomaro EapaaMCEaro aaxopa. 
Hs^ Bcero BaaoateBaaro BBCTByexi*, iixo eate b-b X (a 
6htb Moacexi* xaRace a b% XI) CTOjrtxiB y RapaBMCRBXi. aaxo- 
poB-B aiiiJiacE B^ pyRax^ cKaara ^a;^0Kal, Tjs:h 6umih BSJioae- 
BtA Bcib pejiariosBbie saEOBBi corjiacHo yqeeiio caA;(yEe6Bi> bt. 
(t^opif^ KOXBEca aaKoaoB'B *, a caepxt xoro t-a^e co;tepacajiBCb 
B'L Bett B03paseaifl npoxaBi xpaABi;ioBBaro iyxeHcTBa a aana;(R0 
Ba paBBBB0Bi>. CaBo co6aio pasyM'&exeH, mo odaa^eHaafl ca;iy- 
EeftcRaB EBBfa iforjia 6htTh a ae noiJiHHaofl. x. e. ixo ae cait^ 



^ Kun BU^Bo lai apoj^oixefliflp rjrh iMtetca bi biay paaCKaai o noroni 
""(eb Buxlfl Vn, 24, YIII, 3 — 4), vjfi otb 17-ro ^icaa 2-r*^ MtcaiUft j^o 17-ro n* 
7-ro cHixaeTca 150 jiHefl, aaa^ran poiHo no 30-h ab^^ na iitcaai, OH aroiii 
fiaio;(]rTca xaKxe Baaefa y KBpiiBcaHja, cxp. 304 B^ Moeiii HaAaaiB 

^ Rajira lopfljiHiiecKixi aaRosoBi (itniu ^nnu i^) caAAffteerL jooMBBasTca 
Bi IV naBt TpaKTata ^ot^^ HdaBaBieM^ nocmnaw Ka.iendapji (n^il^n n*yjjt> 



— 14 — 



< 



niaAOK'L cocTaBHJit ee, h qro oea 6BiJia coqHHeaa ropaa^o noase; 
HO sjieMeHTti, BH-h KOTopwx^ OHa <56iJia cocTaBjeHa, aecoMHtBHO 
opFHa;iJiesaj!H AP^OHeicy BpeifeHH, h noceiiy RapaHiicRle nsca* 
TeiH X — XI CToitTift, a paHbine hit* oceoBaTeJiB ceKTi> A(5y- 
Hca (b% Vn BtK*) R Aeaei. (bt* YIII b.), uotmb noBtpaxB b% 
aBTopcTBo ocHOBaT€JiH cB^juuKeH^Koik ceKTBi, TaK'B KaKTi H npo 
A6y*Eca HUteTCH cB'&j^i^Hie, (ito (ih'& sanpeTHa'B oynpyjKecsiA 
pa3Bo;i'b 0040600 ca;iJiyReHif'L ^ ■ 

§ 5« OcHOBaHie n rjiaBEttmiJi iiepTU KapaHHCTBa, Ha ckojtbko ' 
OHO oTCTyaaJio ot-b KopeHeoro pa6(5aHiiTeKaro saHoeoyqeHifl, 6biiH 
saHMCTBOBEHM, HO BHiHeHajioateHHOMy, y cax;tyKeeBB. Ho h Apyrifl, 
oTHocETeJiiiHO iro8;iH'feiiDij! eBpeftcKifl ceKTw j^ocTaBHiH Anany 
MaTepiajTia ^mk coopyiKdHiH ero khbho HOBaro B;iaHifl. Bii HacToaniee 

BpeMH MM, K'B COSCajtHlEO, MM^BWh BeCEMa CKJ^EhlSi CB'b;ttHifl 

peJiariosEMxii BtpofiaelBxi. h xapaRxept y^eeii pasjiHimbix'b eo* 
peficKHX'B pacKojoH'B, B')3aiiRinHX'b B^B suoxy ceKxaHTCKaro ^bh- 
aKenifl cpe^te BocToqabIX^ eBpeasB bhjiotb ;io Anana. Bojitnie 
BCtx'B BHaKOMH HaH'B CBETH ucaeumoez {ucyuumfwz tos'b), 
fodtanutnoe^ m madianumoez '• IlepByH) h31> bthx'b ceKTt ochw- 
BajT. Hi^sift ASif'Hca Hc^aianCKiil *. EBpeflcKoe ero hmh Ma- 
cEJio: McaaKz Gem Skoq%, h ho apa<$cEOiiy o(Siiiqafo me BJiax'6* 



TO ae c&Moe roBopsTTi leryfta Tttflaci no ^pfroMy noBo^y: "pko m»jn w -loiii 
a*pni noKtp ids; cm. AUjtidisclie Deakoialer &U8 der Krim, p. 212. 

' Mu B6 roBopBMi sjicb ceKtaflTt a imeMeccii Ctpeufh ^ok. 720 cto P 
Xp.) nuTouy itd^ no BciHii flMtmnifMCS Haiti. j^aHHumi^ oa^ anero cyme- 
CTBeaBaro oe npidaB^sjii ki» HoBmecTBaML uca&mnoeh^ j^a in* Toxy^ sapaiitCKle 
■ BDo6m6 apaOcsie icToqEBRH coBepmeEiHo HraopapyioTL 3Toro apdciapxa^ ^0 
^KasuBaen*, ito ohi ocraica Ceai Bjiaaia na KapaaiiCTBo. 

■ HcTo^fHiKami ;ua CBtjiftHlfi o6^ Afiy-Hct i ero npiBepateBHai^ ciymaTii: 
Kt4ph't4caNu^ noMbsonmniBcE asBtCTiflME ^aaijta Aib-MoKAiiifBca ■ HyxaMe^aH- 
CKaro CBoOoAOMMCjamafo McaTejia Ajb-BappaKa, coqBQeaieo ceiraxiKoero TaK»e 
•Milt npejn^ C06010 laBtcTaMM apa6cKift aBTopt AAh-Bupynu;, lIIazpacmaHu* 
^©pnaBinia m\ sapaHKCBHi-fc hctoibhiobi, jio nact aeaome^iDBrB; letyda Fa- 
^acu, KOTopufi noiuoBajrca Taase Kflirofl Aib-MoKaiiificca, h MaKpusu, ^repaaB- 
mlft V3^ comeefiii Aii.-BHpyBa 1 h31i lapajiiccaMxi aBTopoB^. 06cTO£Tejri»aul 

pa36opi 8Tfll1> ICTOlQIKOBIt HBfaTBlb aal^eTb HiBie B^ Oj^HOMIi Bait npBio- 



^ 




— 15 — 



Tex&HMX'& ocoOii, OH^ [ip8HHJii> [rpo3Baeie Oeedz BJtoiuMh ('i^Vf 
tmfru cjryKHTejiL Bora) Hjra pasHOBHaiymee Oeadia (nnsir. Ab- 
jlifl), H xHJi'b iiWh BO BpeMfl 4-ro oHafl;(CEaro xajiHitia AGxyn* 
HaiBBa H(5B%-MepBaHa (685 — 705 no P. A.), oeojio 60—70 
ztrb jio ABaea. By^y^e CHa^a^ia npocTbiii^ BerpaiioTHBnfi DopT- 
HHifii, A5y-nca cTajT'b BUjiaBaT^ ceCfl sa npopoRa, Hiftiomaro 
HenocpeKTBeflHhiE caomeHia cb Bo^olf^, h sa iiecciio, ;tojiK6B- 
CTfiyioniaro ucbo6o;iht£> eBpeficBift Hapo;rB Hdi* oi^ea h B03Bpa* 
TETi» evy no^ffTsqecEyio caMocTOHTejiBHocTE. 06Bapo;(OBaHie aifB, 
HerpaMOTHBiMii, nBCBueBHMX'L op0B8Be;ieBift cjiysHiro wh rjiasaxi 
ero npETBepseEiieBi ^y;ioM^^ iio;(TBepsc;iaiom0M'L ero vHcciiOCBbtine. 
no;to6ao Tor;^amBHirb MycyjiBMaHCKflHt ceKxaii^ A5y-Hca saxo- 
T^jTB samHmaTE CBoe B'^bpoyqenid ci opyHieH'i> Bi* pysarB H 
BbicrynHJTB bo oaB^ 10,000-ro BoflcKa npoTHBt jitcTaara ify- 
cyji&ifaHCKaro BJia;(tT6JiH (Btpoareo b% Hctl^araHt), bo 6u;ii no* 
6'6s;t6B^ a yGart. Maorie aat ero nocj['k;ioBaTejiefl yTBep«jiajiB 
4);tBaK0, ^To owh Be ChUTL yfiBTB, BO cflaccB B-B ropayio nemepy, 
r;it oB^ aBBei-B cKpuTBint, qroOt noBBHTEca bbobe bt» y;to6Bae 
Vh TOMy Bpeifa j^jia acnoiiHeBia ero npopo^ecKoft mbccIb. En> 
VBoroqBCJteaaaB (raaqaia napTifl 6Bi.ia Booei'bscTBiH, no Bcefi Bt- 
poHTBocTH, coBepmeHBO norjomeaa KapaaMcrsoirB, TaK-b KaiCL 
AaaB*B cji'toajtx acaBHraMii pasEUH ycTyaaa h brjooi^hji^ m> 
CBoe B'lbpoy^eBie s'l^ROTopua wrh ^oRTpaau. Bo apeva KapRH* 
taBH {wh 937 rojry no P. X.) xchjie b-l J(aMacRt noe/it^aie 

iieraTKB BCaBETOB'b, B-B IHCJI'fe 20-TH qeJOBtRli, o BCROpt co- 

BcfeiTb HcqeaJUB. Ha^ pejiBrioaaofl cacTeMH A6y-IIcH aaM^ B8- 
b*ctbw tojibko BeMaorie aysKTiii. Oa-B aanpemajn* Cpa^aMfi paa* 
so;p»; 9T0, RaKi MBi BBA'fejEa BMme, 6UJI0 ca^^jiyRe^cEBMi aocra- 
006168161171. Jl^aJi'Jbe, iywh saapeiuiaJE'B ynoTpe^Jieaie Mflca a BBsa 
noRa eBpeftcEan aaipH aaxo;iHTCB Wh adraaaiH^ a3i> ROToparo 
ofliby BOpoqeux, x^nm^Wb 6hji'b ee Hd5aBBTE. A6y-Hca yTBeps- 
XaxB, qro BTo saapenieaie Obijio eHy cooOn^eao caMBHii Eopom^ 
B'B npopoqecRoifB oTRpoBeaia. Ha atoT'B pas'B mbi aaaeifB HCToq* 
BBE'B ero OTRpoBeaiH) TaRi. RaRii hbicjib oO'b axoifB BaopemeBiB 
^ynxecTBoaajia y B'bROTopBtx^ eapeeB'B yace b'b ^peBaee speHB h 



— 16 — 



B03HaKi[a osa nooa^ paspymeHiH Bioporo iepycanaMCEaro xpaaiA 
BB^ qyBCTBa rjiyOosaro naqHTasifl axoro xpava a 6jiarora&*6HJa 
npe;ii> cBBm.euEuu'h Eyju^TOBCL sepTBoopeHonieBiA. «Kor;ia no- 
cjitjlHld iepycajnHMCKifl xpaifB 6hiJii> pa8pyizieH^»» paacE&su* 
BaaTCH Bi) BaBHJOHCEoicB Tajiuyjit S fyMHosHiiocE> B% Hspaa^i^ 
soJHiiecTBo Bos^epjKHHZ'B jno^ei (]^i?nc), nocTdHOBHBinErB se 
tcTit Kiica Q He UETh BHHa. Tor;(a P. Teromya (6eHi> Xasa* 

Hia) 06paTHi[CH Rl> aBMl CB 8aiip0C0ICl> OO BTOMy aoBojij OSJI 

OTBliTMH eMy: KaKT> 3T0 Mbi (5y;teM'B 'fecTL MHco, KOTopoe yno- 
TpeOjifiJiocK KaEX sepTBa Ha CBHE^eHsbifl ajixapb, qjih UEih bhho^ i 
E3i» EOToparo coB^pmaj^HCB HSJiiaHifl sa aioTii me ajixapir^ koto- ■ 
pHfl HHHt paapyineH'b? Ha dTo paBBHHi> BoapadEJH jotb, 
qto Bi TaEOMi cjiyqa*, ajia Toro, iito6i> 6ht& nocjit;ioBaTejB- ■ 
HBiH'h, apQA^TCfl xaEJRe OTsaaaTBCfl orii yeofpeCJieEm xji1^6a, xaR^ ^ 

KS.K'b Wb XpaMl» OpHHOCHJIBCB TEESe aiepTBH H81» My KB, Ho H 
BTOTIi 40B0^1> HX7> H6 yC'bj^IiJIli, TaS% KaB'B, HO HXl MH^hIH}, 

MOSHo orpaHB^HBaTtcH yoofpeCjeHieMi. Bi* immy nmjuoB'h. Ha 
yEasaHie pasBeHa, qxo h h3i> iiJio;;oB'B npHHocejacb bii xpaM't 
jEepTBa oepBeB^oB^ — ohh oiBtTejiH, ^xo iioacao jtoBoiLcxBOBaxBca 
Ti&NH copxa&fH a^ojijOB'bf bbi^ KOZTb axa acepxBa ne npHHocHJiacb '. ■ 
Torjia paBBHH-B hm-b cRasaji^E, qxo h Bojia, yaoxp66jiflBniaaca 
Wfl H3jiaHin Ha aifxapB (bij npasxauE'B Eymefl), AOJi»ea b-b xa- 
soiri cjiyqa'& 6urh saapeii^eHa bii ynoTpeOieHiio. Qx^wh ;iobo> 
XQWh HasoHei^'B coopII^[RH 0HJIE oGeaopyseHK, h pasBBH'B mn> 
CEaaaji'B: JltTH moeI ne naiajiHTiiCfl paapymeHiio xpana Hain> | 
HeiiBBE, xaE'b KaEit Ea Haci> oGpyniEJiocb xaKoe 6'hjijcTBiej ho uy* 
qaxB ce6H ^ipesx M'fepy xaKse h6jib3H, xaKi> KaRi ee c^'^Ay^rB 
EauaraxB na o(3ii^HHy xasBxi* saopexoBB, Roxopue HeBUHocEMBi 
IJIH (3ojiBiiLMHCxBa 6H qjieHOBi»>. Jl^pyroft paBBEHli p. MsMaHai^ 
6eHT> djiQinay upebojihx'b xaEoft se ;^0Baj(i> h oxHocaxejiBHo Bcxyn- 
.leHifl B-B OpaRB, HecMOxpa ea danpeii^eBie oGpitsaHiH j^i&xefi. 
Ec2B xaEEMB oGpasoui) 6Bp6K-paBBEHECTH nociymajiECB paayM- 



* Tp. Ea6a-Eampa, 1. 60 C ^ 

^ jKepTBa nepBeaiio&ii (cp. oms:^ I, 3) Dpiaociiac^ tojmo i3'& cem copron 
pacTeail Uajecrflffu* 



— 17 — 



BU'o coB'^ra CBOHxik aBTopHTeTHtfinnrx'B y^ETeJieft h orpaHH^BJfi 
a&irperit MHca a BHfla, b^b 8HaRi» Tpaypa no paapymeHia xpaifa, 
Tonso fifiBBThm nepBhiMH ahhich Mtcm^a A6^^ hjih ace Tpeiiii 
BeA'feJiflVB (ch 17-ro M'bcflaa Tamysh no 9-e AGi)^ h to He b^ Raie* 
CTB^ BBKosa, a TOJiBEo BaEii 6jtarofiecTflBfaift o6uqafi \ — to cax* 
xyseH, BecBMa cTporo e psbhoctho oTHocHBniiecH ko Bceiiy Kya^Ty 
tepycaJMMCsaro xpaiia b ki» sepTBoupBHooieHisici, b Boo6ii^e 

CBI0HHH8 OnaOHBpOBaTb paBBHHaMl>, B6 BOCJiymaJIBCb, KOHB^BOy 

ffoertABBX'B B BB6Jra y ce6H (XSn^ee sanpemaHie ifBca b BBsa, a 
fKSBOBaTBjrb pacsojia BcaBflTOBi) bpbhhjtb dTori* caju^yReilcKift 
aanpeT'B. 

Kii BBOB^pt^aM'B A5y' Hca dtbocbjich cb pt;(Roio bi> to Bpena 
BtpoTepnanocTBio b cqHTaJi^ ia»e Beo6xo;;BMHE^, qxcGi. rpa- 
CTiaae h iryeyjiBicaBe npa^^epicflBajiBCB cbobxb pejiBrii to^bo TaKB, 
WMXh espefl jis>^:B,whL coOjiioAaTB CBoe Bipoy^ieHie, xaRB RaR'L ob'b 
I lEcyca XpucTa a MoxaEMe;^a HacTOBU^BHB npopoRaifB. To^ibo 
OBii oTBocaacB KB ^(peBHEMB paBBBHaiTB CB 6jiaroroBtBie]ii> 
b c^BTaJTB axB paBBBiMB BpapoRaiCB, fl u5j]3aTaiiBHacTB UQJisrtwh 
JHeMQ m IS'tnu 6Amocjioa€Hul nnw n^iosn yo^ nn^ip 6HJ!ia eny 
DOXTBepsA^Baf no ero cjoBaiiB, caMBicB Bofomb bb ipopoqecKoM'B 
GTRpoBeHia. JIes vjceHOB-B cBoero pacKona A^y-Hca ycTaeoBBJiB oOb- 
saxeuBCTBO ^BxaTB se tojibro eBpedcRia RBara, ao TaRne a 
EaaHreJiie a AjiEopaBT» cb bxb RouMeHTapiHicH. Ho MH^Hiio Kap- 
KBcaHB, BcaBBTCRift epeciapxB ynoxpeOajiB nch 9th cpeACTsa cb 
XHTpBDTB aaiC'^peHieiCB apaaJieiiB aa cboio CTopoey npaBepsea- 
HeBii B8B xpBCTiaBB a MycyjiBifaBB. BoaicoacHo TaRsce ;^onycTHTB, 
inD BB Ty nopy aejiaRaro pejiarioaBaro 5poxeHia na Boctor* b^ 
rojiofi'lt dToro qejioai^Ra coBapaieBaa ECRpeaao sapoxBiiacB MeqTa 



^ UlyAxoHB Apyxh Opaxh XaiuM^ rj. &51 § 9« Tam ■ cami* ku laxo- 
xm oABaKo, ^to rb eBpeffcKoft cpeAseBtioBoJt jiTepaTjpl pasAABTca roioca 
aeaeroBi, Tpe6pomwxi sanpeme&ie Msca do ap- hotibj, Tan Baop. bi KOMiiei- 
tapii aa kh. laalija, ioxao MpHmcuBaeMOH'^ Caa;iii Vmnj (n. X, cr. S. 
fTita 7n7»2 DX '3 pnwn'y mic« nh ^D Saa nibj:! ^itsti ipa ivn nSijm ua iSan vhw »ftS 
tnrnpn ■ t* xa cm. 6iorpac{)lD Caaj^ii Panoiopra crp. 34—35, qpbm. 39). To^aa 
rajcxa bi BOMaHiapiH Aap. H6a'b-3spH aa ki. Jleairb npiBOjiiTCfl Taaoe naf- 
ile (ri. XYII CT. 2 ntSia i)Dt# iran» nan can i t. x.)- 

2 



18 — 



I 



cjiinHiH BtpoBaHifl Ha no^B'b B^aBMHara npHaHBHifl nojiBofl be" 

KOHaoCTIi BCfeXli MOaOTeBCTEieCKHX'B peJtHrifl, TaRl* ?T0 OWb B'%' 

soropMifb o5padoirii iipe;iyiip6^iLi> B6jiaBHiA KOHrpeccB BtpoHcno- 
B^;(aaiil bi QiiRaro Ha 1200 n^Th. M 

HRoce MbJ yBH;^ein., ito ocHOBaTdJiB KapaHUCTHa aaHjiCTBO- 
EaJiT) pasHMH qepTM H3% 9ToK cHCTeMbi cBoefo npeAin6CTBeHHHKa 
A67*HcBi, no BceA b'&pohtbocth e KaEBTaJtbHiat nyHKTi* noja- 

BOBaHifl CaA;iyKe03irOUl> RaRli HCTOqHHK'B JMtH OUOOSHIliE Tpa^B* 

i^ioHBoiEy iy^^eficTBy bi> pasHbiii) pejiHriosHUX'B aaKoeaxi>. 

§ 6. PaBHOBHJlHOCTHMB C6RTM BCBBHTOBIi CJttjtyeTb C^mTaXb 

pacKOJiK 'mdiauumoe% h luadtanumoe^^ rbb'^ctIh o kotopmz'b, 
Bepo^eM%, eH^6 CKy;^e'fee q'feu'L o ceKrfe A6y-Hcbi. OcHoBaTeiieif'& 
nepBaro pacROJia ^uivh yqeHHE'B A6y-HcH, no hm6hh JOdtam 
{no eBpeftcKH: leiyda) *, Koroptift meji^ no cTODaHi* cBoero yqa- 
TejiH, BM;iaBaH ceGii xasse sa npopoEa a M6ci^1k>, BtpoflTHO sa 
opojiojixaTeiiH MHccia cBoero npejimecTBeHBERa, e npEBepBcesi^u 
Koero TaRHce B'fepejm bo BTopoe ero npHinecTBie a^b. oR0HqaT6JiB* 
Hara BbinojiHeHiH ^aneoft e&ry cB»me mhccIh* Ero Ho^eTHoe npo* 
3BaHie rjiacHJio Ap*Pau ^p«"fe»t (nacTHpb napoM) *■ IIocJi'b;iHie 
ocTaTRH ero coRThi MBJim Bi* Ea^aji'l^ X b'b B[c(I)araH'6 bi> rojh* 

qeCTBt B'^CKOJIBKHSli CeMetCTBl}, TERli RaSI. OBE TdRSe 6UJI8 

noMOE^eaiii RapaeucTBoifB. no^^o^eo HcaBaTaui* e K>;iFaHHTbi Banpe- 
maaiH ynoTpefSjieHie waca e BEna. Hocji'fe^tei© OTJiffqaJiHCB eme ycap- 
^ieicL K% MojmTB^u^ H noeTaifB. Ho aa to ohh yiBepmAaJiR, 

ilTO BaROEbl HeBHTCROlt qECTOrfe H HeqHCTOT* uoTepajiH CBOe 

3Ha«ieHie oocji* paapymeHia iepycaJiHiicKaro xpaiia. 9te nyERTu 
6hiJiB aaHMCTBOBaeu y hex%, RaR'B yBH^^EifL ;(ajite, AHaHOifk h 
napB0HaqHJiBHbiifi» RapaHucTfiou'B* Kpoicb Toro, toAraaHTU npa- 
CBOHiiR c.eO'fe pa^ioHajiHCTH^ecRifi B3rjia;t'& aa cy^Ciory e iipaB;^- 



^ npe^uoioseaie TpeTiift, ^to ohi Toxj;ecTBel^ cb ynoMflHfTuitx j Asp. 
H6ii-33p« hiydoii UtpcudcKUM^ noKairtcT* eme «e noATBepaaeaa. 

* FajACi aasuB&eTb ero^ no SToi opB^isi, -wh BacHimKy tepOjfodonacaM^ 
(-|*Sdj) npn). CioBo Ap^Patt Gujo HcsajKeao bi* Ad J^an ^v^^i^n {UMccioEe^} 
J IIiucKepa (I, 10, 16), Fpe'ni.a i FipinfljeitAa (EBpelcK0*apa6cRafl ipicrova- 
Tlfl, CTp. 121). OlTelHinBefiAepi. me (Ersch u. Qrabtr, Encyclop&die XXVU, 40€ 
npiaBMaen Rimy ra;iaci Bi 6yKBaiiM0Mi c»ucii. 



— 19 — 



BBfiB H Ha sanpenteHLa^ Kacaion^iflCJi tj^bi h hhtba, yTHeps;^afl 
wro ofiH dujiH oOHsaTejibHiii tojikko B-b KaJiecTBHty bo apeiCH 
eymecTBOBaBiH tpana, a b'b HacTOBmee BpeHfl ohh mwbiOTh TOjn>KO 
aea^eme BCTopH^ecKaro BocnuiiHHaHiH, b co^JiioAeBie hx'b h6 nirfe" 
erb o^HaaTejCBHofi cfljihi pejiHriosHaro saKoaa. HecMOTpH aa Rpafi- 
EUk JuCepaJiaair'b Tasoru sarjiaj^a aa ara ^ya^^aMearajiLaue shkohm 
iyj^edcTBa, afiaqaT^JiBBaB <iacTb jipefiH'l^&mBX'B KapaaMOBii, EOTopue 
BooGiqe 6i)UH Bec&Ma 4&JieEB 07% jra5epaJia8Ma B^ peJEHriosHBm 
jiiM^XTit npBAdpacHBHJiacB aToro BsrJiB;^^ ^. 

npo ceKxy ii*adiaHwmo<?3, aoTopyio ipsBaie KapaBMCRie ira- 
caTejH BCie^;^a ynoMaaaiOTi* b% cBoefi nojieicBK^ Biffccxt c^ fo^- 
raaHTaim, asBtcTHo eme if6HE»niey a aMeaaoy ^to easBaaie bxi, 
nacKOJia I^poBcxo;^HTI. orb HMeEB ero ocHosaTejiH, lUadtaHa^ ^to 
qjioHu BToft ceETU 6bij[a corjiacBu CB fo^raaaraHa m> CBoaxi» 
BOSsp'i&HiflX'b aa cy06oTy a npas^aHEB a aa saEoaiii "fe^^t a 
BBTB'fe, a qxo ^acTb EapaaMoaiiX BtRa pasj^^aajia axt BaoBAU '• 
B^ ^eiTB eodcTBeaao coctobjio paajia^ie Me^;iy ma^raBaTaica a 
lojcraHaTatfa — bs'k TyMaaaaro asuuseam sapaQiicEaxi> aBT0pOBi» 

aeJTBdH BMHCHBTb. 

Mu Ao can nop'B roBopajta o(»i> aaTa-pafiBHBCEHXi> BjeMea- 
Taxi*. BXo;iBBiirax'B cocTaBEHioi qacTBiia bi> EapaaiccEyEO cxasiry. 
Ha HBse MH yBa;iaH'B, rto MaTepiaJiH^ aaaiiCTBOBaHEBiQ AHa- 
BOK'b y Tpa;pmioeHaro paBBaacEaro iy^eftcTsa, JiaOo b% bxi> 
nepBoaa^ajiBHOM'L aeaau'feHeaHou'B Bm^%, hjib sse cb JierEJUfB 
BSM^aeHifTira, jiajieso npeBocxo^flTb act BHmeyEasaaaBie ajie- 
neETfii Bi> coBOKyimocTa. IIpe;(BapBT6JiBHQ me aaicb aeoOxo^iBiio 
paacMOTptTB acTopaqecEia ;^aBaHa o an^iBOCTB ocHOBaiejiH Ea- 
paaifCTBa a od'b o(5cTOflTejiBCTBaxi», apa EoropBtxi ob-b BBicTy- 
HHjrb Ha apeny jt'taxejiBBOCTB* 

t' HaiicTiJi KvpKicaaB, CTp« 316; KOHHeBTapil iei^era H5flit-AiE aaBTOpo- 
flie, 0T4. D'2i3. 

^ KpoMi Ie(^eTa bi> yKaaaBHOMi utcrt, maitraaHTaxii ynoKiHasTi enie 
Dex<^^ AIl>*Bac0p^ (locBift'E' Tapoa) h A6|ib4)apaAsi> <l>ypRafl%; j EipKHcaHB xe 
B ijo CBX^ Dopi ai^ero ae aamei's o6i arom paCRoit. 



— 20 — 



IL 



OcBOBaT€Jii KapivNteTBa Antii.. 



§ I. U6o8p'&Baa hctoqehi^h jejeh HcropiE ocHOB&TeJiH Kapasw- 

CROfi C6KTBI, BBBOJShEO nopaJEaeOIKCH CKyjl^OCTEtO EdB'feCTifi O BeiTB 

y caifHX'B nocj[['fe;^OBaTeJiefi era. KasaJiocE 6h, ^to jihihoctb AeaHa, 
npocJiaBJifleHaH KapaHHEME npH bcarom'l yA06BOtfi ciiyqa^b h d 
6aarocj[iOBJifl6Mafl hmb bo bc4xi, cyCOoTHHX'L o npaa^HH^Hbix-E V 
MOiiHTBax'L, ^tojiacHa (5w HHTepecoeaTL Bctxi hxi nHcaxeJiefit 
cyA^^u 6H OT'h pomj^eEiB ]i,o ROHqenbi ^ojiasHBi 6h Gbitb h8B*6- fl 

CTHLIHH Bl. MaJl^feSmBX'B HOJipodHOCTJTI'L. Ho Ha JS.'tJll^ OEaSM* ^ 

BaeTCH, qjo EapaHUH ee coxpaoHJiH o6i> Abeh^ hb HCTopB^e- 
cKHii., HH ;^aa:e jaereeAapHbixt cBtAtmik; rojifii ero poK;^eHifl, , 
HHCTynjieHiH Ha apeny oy^jiB^Hofl A^HTenbHocTEi e cicepTH co* A 
BcJ^M^ HenaB'ICTEH; HaBBEHiH ero npBBepateni^eBii b bpothbhh* ^ 

KOBli, MtCTHOCTB, F^t OH^ pO^^HJICB H TA'i^ HBIIt, yuaJI^BBa* 

lOTCHj oCcTOflTeJTbCTBa ero sq3hb b ero AtflcTBift b'b RaqecTBdb 

OCHOBBTeJIH CeRTBI HOKpHTH MpaROMli. Bli HacTOHB^ee BpeMfl, 

cRy^HiiiH cB'l^^^'bBiH o6'B AnaE'l^ hoscho paa^'^jiMTii Ha Tps 
rpynnw: 

a) GRaaaeifl EapaBMCKBxi> BHcaTaJied, coxpaHBBmiHCB 3% 

KapaEMCROfi BBCIiMeHHOCTB* 

b) CKasaaia KapaBMOBii-He, coxpaHBamiiicfl y MycyjiBnaH- 

CRHX'b aBTOpOBl>. 

C) CS'kjijhBia. 06% AsaHt B% paBBBHCRBXl. ECTOlEERaX^. 

TaK-B EaK-B jpfl npe^CTaBJieHiH GeaapBCTpacTHaro BdoOpa- 
senifl AEaea, oco6eHHo npB cRy^ocTH HCTOqEHKOBt HeMii, ho 
cjit;iyen» opeHeSperaTii HBKaKHMH AaHHHMH, to mh iipe;^CTaBHM% 
DO ^opfl;^Ky EdB'bcTia 03Ha^eHeHX'L Tpexii rpynni,. 

§ 2, JXpeBHtflmee jip cbx^e Bop% BaetcTHoe KapaBMCKoe bcto- 
pHqecKoe cBB^^tTejiBCTBo o6'B AHaet naxoABTCE y A6y-K)cy(J[)a 
flKy(Ja AjTB KBpKHcaeH (oBcajiii b% 937 no P. X,), Ero cRasa- 



— 21 — 

me * rJiacBTB: tHocirt lOflraHa * cjtjiOBaJi'B Auam Pam AAh- 
JlmaAyrm *, a HMesHo bo ahh AGy-J^sacpapa AjifcMaHcypa *» 
Owh 6hiJii> nepBUM-B, OTEpHBaiaMt bcio npaB^y u saeoHax'B Btpw "*• 
Owh 6uji^ BecLifa cBi^Ayni'B wh noEasaHiHX'B paBBHHOBi*, h hskto 
vsh wsTh He Bospasaji'B opOTHBi ero SHaHiB. PacKa3BfBa[0Ti»» <ito 
rjasa aEaAeMiH Thh, Bic^crb cb OTE^oifB cBOHifB, nepeBejiH KSBry 
AeaHa ci apatieficKaro ea eBpedcKlfi H8hki>, e ohh h6 Hanum 
Bi> ero cjioBaiTi HH^iero TaKoro, qeny He HanuiocL 6h ocHOBama 
Bii DORaaaHiBxii caHHx^ paBBHHOBi, H TOJi&EO B'B AByz"^ OyHK* 
Tax'B OHH cHaq&aa He SHajiH HCTO^HHRay ho dat'&H'L HanuiH, ^o 

ABAHI B3HJI'b Hd% JIHTyprB^eCKOfl n09BiH fl^HHaH ^. Pa6($aHHTU 

erapajiHCb yOaTB ero, ho Eort ne ;^onycTHJrB hi-l k-b HeMy». 

^aCTB HSBtCTLH KHpKHCaHH CyKBaJlbHO UOBTOpHIOT'B RapaBM- 

cxie HHeaTejiH leryjia TajtacH ', Mop;iexaft KyKHaoB'B®, CoJia- 
moiWh TpoKH • H ipyrie, bujiotb ;io A. ^HpKOBH^ia •**. OcTaBjmfl 

Hon Bl CTOpOHl^ JI02CH0e HBBtCTle TOWh^ Gy^TO padOaBHTBI 

xiiT&JiH y^HTB AHana, a noaAH'l&ftoiyio BbijiyMRy, qTo ohh na ca- 



* HiBicTifl Eapmna Aji>-KEpKecaHH (3aniCKB Boer. Ota. Hmq. pyccK. 
Apxeoj. OSiu. T. YIJI), CTp, 266, 284: c«*k *« I'jn niSKa^« DKi jwatv ipa ^ica 
f aio^it S'iKpic KoSi*3? tioi .i^ineS 'ft pn'^K nSoj pa p ^ik \m ni:»3o'?» ibj?j 'sk 
3jtn3 iitaSp* n^iMi v"» ]K3 n4»t na^noSK dhi «»<n |3? '3ni *rvshv ^d ^yo^ p Bn*D id* D*n 

*B n'jyn n"? itD'>jn hSk nbip 'C ^b? nona id* dS fii»*i ^aK^oySH ^Sk *5«d^xSk [D ]K3K3f 
•n^n I'si '7'niOK lap 3?-it3h n^K pa pifi'sKi ina*?K *c nS*«p »tfi uSh paKaiSn S\p 
r^5l*aiSit inn^K ipi /tti^ n:»tn *d nin;ji *nn -(St law pia KoSp^ dSb odkSk lay ]?iT3it 

, naa nSSi* onaao* c*?* rhr^ 'o 
^ K);u*aHi cm, uepB. ct. nanry bi ^Bocioii" § 6 (crp. 115—117), 

* T. e. Fjasa HsrHaaifl, apaiieficR. Pem^-FaAyma, axcujiapx^. 

* ^TOTL iaia({ix opaBMi 754—775 no P. X. 

* Bume AJib-KjipKBcaHB roaopKr^, ^ito qacTs Dpaa^M 0TKpllIJ^ Uaj^oirb, 
ocfioaaTeiL caMyi^^t^Kott ccktm. 

* naieCTBBCRifi JtBTyprs^ecEifl noart (BipoaTHo Kosiia YII b, so P. X,), 
ptBTeu ■BBicTBAro no^a Bieaaapa Kaiipa. 

* B^ cos* noan Sa*i«, cm. Moe coq, Al^iidische Denkm., cip, 212; cjiosa ew 
rxacflTL: ana phT\\ v^rw \t .niwa y^a nSun w*n ^Hir* t**»3 \iv QJ Ai^nS iwpat 

•l^im Sinih ^ptn "na crnSx wn: tahy ^Hyt^ vwi» 

* Cm* oiiD -rn (BiBCic. aaA*) i. &6. 

* B^ coH. pnw (isj^* HeftOayapa) cTp* 11. 

^* Cm. ero coh. n»:an nmn i. 54 — 56, IIocJrti^Bie Tpi asTopa, KyKiaoB'fc, 
TpoEM 1 <t)BpK06Hqx, iipi6aBiJB S06 MTO 0Ti> ce6a, uaKi CfABTL AORasaao HHae* 






— 22 — 



noMi x^'b yOHJEH ero, o mwh ptm> y Haci» BHme, HeiESfl h- 
npBgHaTb, qio ^iorpSL^vmecKux'h ^aHHUXii B'b droMi* pacKad'fe 
^peB'b qypi* Majo- A Me»;ty T'bu'b, mh HanpacHO CyieiTB HCKaTt 
Gojo^maro bii ^cpaBHe-RapaeMCKod eacBMeHaocTB. y ]iod;tHi^ttniEX% 
me KapanucRHX'L oecaTeJiefi mm Haro;^^!^} en^e HSB'IbcTie S ^to 
nocjit aey^ta^Hoft nonuTKa A Has a saHHTb MtcTO Petu^-Fajiymbi^ 
oHii y;^aJi£iJica ei» IepycaJiaM'& co bc'&mh cboemb nocJitioBaTejftHME 
B nojiojKHji'E TaMt ocHOBaeie o6nxHHt et}3duxaiou(,u:D7i u CKOpGA- 
muxz {O'pmyi dwkjh) », Eme noaace, CHiia-HcaaKi Jlyiptiit (na- 
cajiij 1757 no P. X.), KuTopHft He jiioObji'l uepeMOHHTEca ci» 
4)aKTaHH B ;iaTaMB 3, cooOmaeTi,, qTO AeaHii coopy^iBJi-b b% cb. 
rpaj5* cBearory, noeHHib saHHMae&ryio KapaHMaMH. IIpoTBB^ ro- 

JIOCJ!EOBHi>IXl> yTBepm^eHifi JJ0BJi,Wh1^UlBVb KapaBUOBli O TOlfB^ Tia 

pa66aHBTiii iipecJi']^;iofiajiB AeaHa H icot^jib y6BTi> ero (bjib ji^slXb 
yOflJiB ero), a hto oh^, BCJi'fe^icTBiB bthxt* npecatjtoBaBifi, bh- 
ceJiBJt&B B^ IlaJiecTaBy — Ubi eaxo^aifB y caMaxi» KapaHMOB'B 
EBB'hcTiH TOifB, ^To cB caMaro aaqajia KapaHMCTBo nojiBdosa- 

jttocB noKpoBBTejitcTBOMi. xaJiHiJoBii H MycyjifeMaHCKBX'B Bjiacre: 
a iTo pa66aeBTiii onacanacB MorymecTsa hoehxii ceKxaHTOB'S? 
TaRi} Banp. ojiqbI) KapaBMCKifi aBiopii XI b. (uq upejkUOJiomQBiio 
IlaHCKepa, A6yM0apadJiCh 0ypKnm^ qio no MoeMy e^tsa mm 

^ Cm. co^. D^^nm D^mpn piSn aane^iaT. j QincKepa II, 104; no MataiJO 
UiHCiepa, »Torb asTop^ «bji b% XIII b„ tto eme coBiHHTeJi.aq. 

> 0(h> 9TIXI „Bu3Auxa£)mixi» H CRopdamHii'' CM. nepB. aajny craTLD b% 
„Bocio;^'l** sa nponijMfi toaT', crp* 128. 

* M8s;ty npoqiM-B, ort» o6osHaqaeTi> rojti> BucrynjeHLa AsaHa:640no P. X*! 
(Cm, opni nniM j. 19a>. Emj cjtjtyerii <I>lpK0B«'^^ (n^san onin, 1835, i, 
5ea}, deadacTla^Bio BUCTyniBmifi yxe Torj^a ci^ I^lIUM^ poMaeoMX, Bnoifii ao- 
CToaHMM'L a3o6piTaTejii,HacTH GyAjnxaro aeiiRaro (j)aitCH(j)BKaTopa Ha;irpo6auxi 
HaflaiceM a npanacoKi bi. ^y(|>yTi,-Kaie: (o^Kiiornn inK) 3*nKr i:»t:i nSip pi 
iim pirrn in«i .fiKsn ni^4 d\^ tj^ ns nnici p*:* mtxoS mm Kipo '33 t maj 
BttP Tsyeh MipD ^32S ni»n lan^i .niaSon ^3^^ |n iwsd »3 p^iii wk ontnn ^naS •in^K^ 
■rp li'ipo ^ii Sjr m«'vi Jini prinn ie^»an [ij? laaii Sh'> mon lana kS o^aa***? nyom 
nn n»* S]?3 nil ^cSi .nxn^S niNO j?2-iin d^^^k 'i wri n*nw 'arn K^»>n \iv ^^^ 
it»^on pip^i K'lpsn 0^31 jrn "ibdo rinJ^ uS r» ^3 in'jipa was npip hk lopn nara n^n 
iDiy PT3 n»nr it'wsfi |a3? lasn Sr iitbd s»'n ihdd \2» tne Tj^a Donav w^Boioo^Tp 
cAn'^^a nDasn n^a maaS n^ran jas? ^aanS msn tna Mim x'Safn^ ni* laSv e^'op |a 
'anas ninsas .o^na hkdd mr ona iKiTDar ncmi "vfify naiDttf naa oai 'snyra Sma -rjaa 
a T. X., fi T. A' E'?»'n'ai p*^3 3"J cy ik vni S*«yattf* prSa tan^a ttf'» nnnar 




— 23 — 



^ao) immBTh: cllocjit ' snoxE iipopofcoBi> BoaBBKJiH BpejiHfaifl 
iriosHMJi ceRTBi H T. A* Ho CO BpenesH BodBbimeaifl MaAata 
poia (»n^n ppy npodBasie HCJiaita h apa6oBi») Eorx A^cTa.BBJi'B 
Depeetc^ RapaHMaifii, TaR'b qTO Hxt npoiBBHEKB ae nocH'^JiJi 
Boapasaxb ;^aHe b^ npacyrcTBiH KapaHMCsaro MaJii»9BRa, ^to 
cocTEBJifleT'b yaee nojsoBafiy HBOaaJieHia (EspaHaH)i. Miii yea^iHM^ 
HHace, qTo e apaCcKHU'L nncaTe.iHM'b RapaHMU cooOo^bjih, ^to 
BCJi'fe;(CTBie nospoBBTejiBCTBa h yBaseHiH^ ORasuBaeiiiiiX'b AHany 
xasH^oiTB, pa66aHHTM He itorjui oOHapysBBaTb BpaasA^i Ki CBueMy 
BpoTiiBHHKy. EcjH 6bi noHaAo6HitocB em% onpoBepraT& noa^stt- 
nrifl sapaHMCEiB 6acHH, to ^ocxaToiiHo 6f>i;io 6u H3u6jiiiqHTB 
jTBeps^ieBie o Haif&peHiH pa66a&BT08i> y(3BT& Aeasa, a t'^m^ 
teJE'ike coBepineHiH bmb btofo Hau^fepeHiff^ r-feifB odu^eedBtcTEbiifii 
paBBHHcsHMii 8aR0H0Mi>, Htno nocAth paapymeniH emop'no iepy- 
coAUMCKaio xpaMQ coecfbMz aanpeu^eua cMepmnaH KiuHh (prr pn 
nn |on mrs: ^nj, no^eMy Dcife saKOHij o cMepTBofl Kasaa co- 
BepmeHEo acmiKxieabi ebix paBBEECKEi'B RojieRcoB'b. HcTopeqecRH 
iSB'IbcTao, ^TO Ror;(a Rapaaifbi EOEBBJiEcb b^ Hcnaaiii (bo 2-oft 
ffomoBEH^ XI cToji^Tia) H aa^iajifl cajiBayio nponaraajiy Mesjiy 
pa66aaflTaifH, to RaR-b padi> bi> tu apeME eBpedcRifl caaoBHERi?, 
no HifeaB locufpz I[6m-^PapycaAh ", noju^dOBajica, 6jiaroAapfl 
ooiHoify ;^0B'fepil0 RaCTHJitcRaro Ropojia AiiB^oaca VI, BceMoryme- 
CTBoir&« Hpa Bcefi cBoefi opEBepHceBHocTH k% b'^P'I^ cbobxii ope^- 
soBTB B npE BceiriifipaaK;i6l$HoMi> aacTpoeHia Rt aoBouy pacROJiy, oei» 
_#jiaaRo cTporo co6juoAaJiii saROHi) o saopeiaeaiB CMepxeoft Kasaa, a 

DJtBRo aadaa^HJi'b RapauMaKi> ucoOue oti> pa66aaHT0Bi> nfbzTO- 

SKBTejiBCTBo *. Bij cji'fe^iyiomeMij § yBa;iEui>, ^to nepecejieaie 

laaa bi^ lepycasau'L TaRse oopoBopraeTca coo6a^eaieMi> caMBxt. 

ipaaMuBi*. £ni6 uu eaxo^^aM'b y ao3;ia'kflmaxi» RapaaMCKHX'b 



* TescTii waro nicia (y UaacKepa II, 73) rjacirt: t^J «Tpt jip nop iCKSi 
B»mpn Sf pp "'yj ^ica "v3i'? iSsr kSi cn^Sj? 'n on^^jm yrs^nn ^Sj^sS nc pnnD 'i 

j\vw^ (omHOoi- aaaeiar. itjh) »in 
^ fi^ tcDaacKHXi RCTOMHiK&Ki OBI ii3fitcTeai» 00^1* HAaBaaieMi» Cid^Um. 
■ Mediaeval Jewish Chronicles, ed. Neabauer, voL I, p. l%\ it^nn ptnnav ijr 
en** |n3ir fop ihk -iYaoo f^n n^S'orp ^T»aD *?30 q»-u? 'lai Sn^nc p« <)Dr '"^ 

♦ ntn icn mrca *3n o^ai |^*ti' D;inn*7 n^*) hSip 



— 24 — 



nflcaTejieA refleajiorHqecKoe ap6Bo, no KOTopoMy onpeA^JHercs 
npoHcxoHAefli^ AHaHa aat ^apCKa^o ^tojia JtaBH^Ba. Ho 3th 
po;^ocJIOBHUH cB'fe,Ti*Hifl cGhb^ebm h upoTHBop'feqaT'L ;^py^'B wyry '• 
TaKi> EaKi> Boo5[i^e ixapcKoe epoBcxomj^eHie ceMeficTBa, ^^ocTas- 

JIHBOiaro KAB}lEJI^B,TOB% UB, CSLET> 9K€IIJiap2af WlSKtWh B% Cpej^RlB 

BibEa H6 ocnapHBajioeky to Mb! uo^siBWh baI^cb ouycxHTb bth po;(o- 

CJIOBHBIH nO^pO^HOCTH* 

§ 3. Ko BTopofl rpynn* cB'fe;(tHift o6i> AeaHib cJ^fe;^yeTl> 

0TH6CTE HeMHOroqnCJieHHblH HBOibCTiH MfeyjIIiMaUCRHX'L aBTopoB^. 

die nocjit;cBi6 deBcoMHtHHo qepcaim Es^h RapaEucEBxii HCToqHH- 
KOBii, no T0& upQ^HHt, QTO sapaMMM yse ci» caMBixi nepBHZ'B 
CBOHXi maroBt cTapaJiHCL pacno^iaraTL HHOB'fepi^eB'b, b% ocoOeH- 
HocTH rocni);iCTByiome6 eapo^oHacejEBHie, bi cboh) noJibBy b trpa* 
Bjieqt Hxt OiarocicjiaHBocTB, xota h ee Bce^;^a nosBojiHTejiBBbiMH 
cpe^CTBaMH *. Bt> eacTOBmeMij cjiyqa*, KapanifCRie hcto^bhile 
MycyjiBMaHCKHxt uHcaTejiefi oOnapysHBaioTca yjKe T±wh^ ^to 
oHH THTynyroTt ABaea Pac^ Jjih-J^MaAym^ (rjiaBa BsrHafiiH), 
KaicB A^JiaiOT'L ero tojilro KapaBMLi. Ha KapaeifCRoe npoacxos- 
xenie oBHaqeeBiiixii noKaaaBit yKaaneaioTii h Meorin ;ipyrifl 
o5cToaTejiiiCTBa, EaRt ^Bm^VLWh eeme. flo cext nop-B bsb^ctbu 
noRaaaBiH cjitjiyioEUHxij apaGcKsxii nHcaTeiieflr Afiy-PHxaea • 
MoxaMMe^ta Ajii>-BHpyHH (;ijth KpaTKOCTH Gy^ieii'fc HasuBaTK ero 
£upyHu)f QBcaBinaro b% 1000 ro;iy no P. X.; AOyjB-OaTxa 
MoxaMHBM AjiB-QIarpacTaBB (y Hact> Kopoqe lUaipacmaHu)^ 



IlAacKepa nmo-rp 'tnyph il^ 53, 186; EapyBii y oaci- bha6 (§ 4); JIanapyca 
B^ lO-ari Toatt Jahrbiicher fiir jiid. Gesch. u, Lil^ratur BpDia (<t>paEK(f). b. Mk 
1890), crp 174—179. 

' Bi fiojBmiBCTBt <:Jy^aeB^^ KapaHMU saBijtouo H68ipE0 BUcraBiajH ap«x^ 
xpHCTiaaaMs h uoxaMMeAiiBaME ea bhai^ tto hii> pacaoji 6yAT0 0JBse n> xpi- 
CTiaacTBy is jib BCjaMy (cMoipa no saAo^DocTB) ^%ith iyAai3Mi>, a ^o aro eb- 
BtpHo, Bei"py;iHo ^tOKaaatt itoKyiieaTajijHo. 

* MacyAH, nicaBniilt bi 956 ro;iy, yaoMBHaeT'u BCKOjbSb toieko coEpeuefi- 
Buxi eMy aHanumoeh'MypnasaAumoeh (intn^m Sij?*?h *Sii sni* pia n*:>«537^4«); 
cif. Biblioth. Geogi. Arab., ed. I>e-Go<^ie, VII J, 113. IIposBaaie Sij?7k iKmrti 
rmnVKi (DpiiBBpseBnu apoBocyjilfl i eiBHcraa Boxia) KapaiiMy aaaMCTfiaB&iB 
y iiycyjitiHaflCBBn. BByTasaiHioBi; cm. Belitzsch^ Anecdota (o^n fj?), crp. 275. 



— 25 — 



nncaeinaro Bt neps. noJioB. XII b, no P, X., h TaKKH*3wH- 
BH Aji^-MaRpBBH (Kopoqe MaKpmu)^ Koioputt nflcaJii> Bt nepBoft 
aojioBBHt XV BtKa no P. X, 

§ 4. Bi CB06MT> coqflBeEiH xpoHojtorHqecRBrb cHCTeifaxi» 

"m rtTOc^HCJieHiflxii BOCToqeux'B Hapo;ioB'i> uoji'h saritaBieMt Aai^' 
Amapi AAb^Eanin (rrp»cbK i*«n«SK) EnpyHH asjiaraeTt ceaqajia 
iy;(etcKO*pa66aHaTCKyK) cECTeiiy JitTocqHCjeeifl, a Bar^Mi* npr^- 
XOiJRaeT%: tBTopyio * qacTL (iyjieeBi*) cocTaBJiawTi AAh-Muj^a* 
diji *, KuTop»e Ha^anaioT'b cbob M^can,i3i ci> MOHeHxa KoniOHsqii] 
B T« ;i* ^acTB BX^ HashiBaeTCH Ajtb-AnamH^ no HKeHB Anaua 
Pac^ AAh-JlMQAymi^ kotophA sbjei* M6s;iy 100 b 110 sfiarh 
TOMy Baaajii*^/, Foci AAh^JlmaAyfrn (rjiaBa BSPHaBifl, ascBJiapxi) 
KoasceB'b 5uTb H8i> noTOMCTBa iiapfl JJ^aBB^a, jiioar j£d APyiOFO 
npOBcioajieBifl ne j^onycKaioTCfl kt> 3T0My cany. Hi-b aapo;^'^ 
pacKasBiBaeTit, qTo axoA ^^ojischocth y^^ocxoBBaeTCfl tojibro toti>, 

jiBJi soBi^bi naii&i^eB'L ;(0CTBraK)Ti> EOJi'feHi> bl cToBqeM'B nojioice* 
If TU9B0 TaKi* KaK'b (MycyjibHaBCKija) Bapo;^i> pacEadbiBaeTi» 
Qo;(o6Boe npo BJiacTBTejiB npaBOBtpBuxii ^f» Hdm-ASuma- 
Au6a * B npo Ttxi» Bai ero noTOMEOBT>, KOTopwe y;iocTOHJmcfc 
iBBTB caB-B ILnaMa a npaBBTejui aapojia (Myc.yjiBMaHCKaro)* 



Cm, apa6. Teicn»^ at^^ Caxay (Leipzig 1878), crp, 58—59; aHrjlfiCKlfl 

eBOAi (London 1879), crp, 68—69; pSoy^ inSx nnnS^Dbi* on maKfiSn rtpuSn 

♦S>» ]iii050 Dm msnap'jw ]iob» npiD cmoi '-jSt* vkdj^^Sk laj? ]d i\nwhH nn20 

nS TKi Sn |Q pa* ;tt mbujiSn dki ]niff in\ .p3D )7!fsi iTkd im iks niSnaSn om 

5*t ny^itTtH t[wmH shin ]0 nhtt oniD iSiS n^^ nS nan DnnD**5? mnnn .mu p 

p Sn^iin pK mn yitay jnai •noKSt* nD>i*Di no>«D«S»*S nnm p nhuth}n^ oxSo^ti 
nifia 10 l^nHa*)*?!! ]D nj^HOj t|Siiac ,niKi p t>io^So p» 'nSn iiwi p m^ ]ait 

tU3 TyrS»« j?^t 'Sk isaa t»a n^nrSu eaai ]"jk2iSk anon pni ,n2DKS»t p nj^pi 

» npOHSBOAHOe UTE ©Bp. CJ. -Il0,ia<)ft (iSlD), 

' ^To aeBipBoe onpeiiieHie BpeMeHs Abaha yKaauBaen*, htd BiipyHH sa- 
pDiCTBOBaix BMtcrfe ci aacToamnMt noKa3aBielf^ b ^^Ty, m* 0. y A6y-Ecu Aib- 
BappaKHi cp. nep. cr, aamy, nBocxoflx** 1896 r,, MaS— Lkjbi, crp. 124 npHM. 3. 

* 3HaqHT!k 1 fill TaRHxi neJioiiaxx KapauMti cTapaj[HCi> DQAAiiLiBaTbCfl 0041 
wycyiiiMaBGKifi SKyci; y pa56aBBT0Bi nirrAt ae ynoHmaeTCB Hs^ero noA^^Earo 
q6% dKCBjapx&zx. 



26 



AeaHi> (SHJi'b CMHOM'L JI,aBiHJia^ cub'l Cayjia, chiWb Aaaaa, cbiwh 
Ji,aBH;(a h t. jt. h t. ;i. S chh^ GojoitoHa, chiB% (i^apa) J^a- 
BH;ta. Ohii npoTHBop'l^qaj'B o6miiHik pa66aBHTOB'L bo mbofexx aa* 
^OHaxi, ycTaHOBajxt Mtcai^w bt> saBuciiuocTH otb Ha6jiio;temfl 

HOBojiyaiH, ui}j[Q6Ho Tony RaK'B 3to ycTaeosjieHo saROHoirb HCJUUia^ 
He satSoTflcfc o tomi, ea KaKofl jighb eej^tJiH 8to npajtexcH, ocra- 

BHJETli pa56aBBTCKOB HC^HCJieHie BpeiieHH, H onpB;('&JIBJIl» BHCORO* 

cHHe rojiu ^ no usi6mo^eEiio ESLji,i> noctBaMH H^HeaB bx cTpa- 
Haiir HpaKa (BaeeJioHiE) b IHaHa (GepiB) ot% nepBaro ^ha ifb* 
ca^a Huvam ^o 14-ro qacjia; eoe tJBt Haxoj^HJi'b nepBeHUM 
roTOBBiUB Ki> pacTHpaeiio ^ h icb ^aTB^I^, ohii oCi'BJiBJifljrb axH roj(H 
npocTBiMB; ecJiH ace He Haxo;^Hii> hxb totobwiih, to oCtflBJifljrB 

r0;ilrf BHCOKOCHHlfB *. 

§ 5. AOyjUi^aTii-inaipacTaHH et cbobmi, co^HHeHiH Kuma^ 
6yA"Mf^aM oam-HuxaAh (KBHra o peJiHrioBHiaxx ceKTaxi, a 
4>HJioco<|icKHX'i> cHCTeiiaxx) roBopBTt cjilixyKnnee eo Hameity 
npe^^Mexy: 

tAjh^AnaHiH ^ (AHaHnTbi) easHBaioTCfl no imeaH qej[iOB*feKa.' 
HiieBOBaBinarocfl Anand u6m Jlaeud^ Pam ajh JJ^j/cajynih, Oaa 
npuTHBoptiaTij BcibM^ ly^^eHMij B^bsaKOHai'BO cy<55oTlb h npaajtaH- 
Kaxi>, orpaHH^HBaiOTefl bi» acTB'fe tojibko nTHiiefi, ;iaEBH> h phi6ofl ,1 



* Mm ouycHaeHi s^'^cb 0CTaibHUii> npeAKoai. no Bumeys^iaaBaail apA^u 
ficero QTb i^apa JI,aBHj(a ;(o Ah&hu SAtcb EacqiTyBaeir^ 46 noKojtaijI. 

'^ Kona BoiocKa Bnojst DocQ'tJiB. to sepsa BucusaioTca b3i Btl^ npi 
pacmpaflia hicx pyKaMi (inoSii), 

^ Erne ynoMBEaeTca y BapyBi, hto uo ciiacjeDtJo AQafiMTOB'h npaCaBo^Qui 
BiGOKocBUi ificai,i> Be Qyjii. Adaph (hk), KaK^ y pa66aHffTDB'b^ ho U'^eai^ij 
lIlt6am^ (oir), 

* Apa6cKie TeKCTL, hs;^. KepTeaa (Johaohi 1S46) I, 167; Hiuei^. nepesox* 
raapCproiEEepa (-leflnnHri. 1850) I, 253— 254:]»<iy vh S*»p^ Sji *Sk mios n*sit3if^K 

nn*<*iKv*ei ms^M^o ^c dw^d^w rvhs ^o^i? i^pTii^i HfipSit ^Sj? |*«i^nS» imsT^i lOoWi msc^^iii 
."nS« Kn^Sit DKiS»» »«j?ii «mip Sa r\T^':b\^ nninSi* Fiba^ oS mi« p^ipn 

* HKtercfl Bi» Bi;ty aanpemeBle Aeasa ynoipeCiaTi^ 6x nmiiy iiaco ^oiiain- 
BBXi miBOTBUi^, EaiiOfiUif Dpftfjocuacb 8^ xepTBu Bi. lepycaiBxcKoiix xpaitt; 
€H. y flacx BH»e. 



— 27 — 

toBisaion anrBOTBHTL c^b aaTUHKa ^, h onpas^iEiiBaio'rK 
fBtmeBBsis H ysasaHifl Heyca, yTseps^^aa, qio oh'e hbeohicl 
ofipasoMX He B08pafiaJi'& npoTHBi* Topbi (IlHTHRBHslfi), a, aa- 
o6opoThy oHi en^e noATBepsj^ajiii ee h npBSUBa.T'b kii Hett jho- 
jteft B T. K. 

§ 6, Ta&H-djtABH'B AjiB*MaKpnsH bi> CBoeifL coqHHeHiB Ku- 
I iiia(^^t»-itf«^awm^ eaM- HmuGaph (kh. ye'l^n^eBamfi h pas- 
MunuieHifl) ynoMBHaerb H'bcsojr&Ko paai> o^'l AflaB'fe b AsaBB- 
Tax^, BpH^ieMii nepBoe Mi^cxo ^ ecTb 5ysBaitLHoe noBTopeBie 
cjaBi EBpyBB (§ 4), c^ npHOaejieBiaM'k to;ibrd HtcROJLKBX'b 
ejOBi», EoTopu^ MaspBSB noBTopflerb bo BTopoMi wtor^^ rjia- 
, egmee cJi'l&xyiouiBM'i. o5pa30Mii: 

^A cllocjr^ Toro • KaK-B irpocuio 350 ji-feTt eo BpeMeBB ctM>py* 

^KeHJB BToporo ipaMa, nocjrt (nepBaro) HsrHaBiB, bobhbkjio 

^keaciy BspaHJibTflHaMB bt> pejiBriogeiiiii. ji'^jiaxt MHoro npoTB- 

Boptqifi, BCjrb^^cTBJe qero qacTb noToucTBa JI,aBBAa BbieejiB^acL 

I mwb lepycaJiBBa b oTnpaBiiJiacb Ba Boctobii, RaRi aro paHboie 

jltjajiH Bxi. npe^KB. 9th nepecejieHqw bshjib cb co6oio RoniEO 

Mumnu *, cuecaHHyio cl co5cTBeHHopyqHofi MHmH» MoBcea b 

HasHaqeHHyio ;pfl aapefl ^ axofl KHBrufl (»He (ootomkh JtaBH- 

^(OBfai) pyROBo;iCTBOBaABCb Ha BocTOR'b CI, rfex-b nop*, RaRi* obb 

BMC^jiHiTBeb Hsi lepycajiHMa, ;ia Toro BpeMeHvi, Ror;ta 6on> no- 

ejiaji^b paimnKi ncjiaMa h ^«a«^ Pacz aAh-^MaAyrm BBHircB 



* 3tq oTBocHTca wh OTBEiajii, Ba ocHa&aHla TOJKOB&sifl ABaHOMi cr. 15 I 

KB. -leBITb. 

■ Chrestomatiiie Arabe par S. de Sacy, 6d. 2, v, I, apa6. TGKcrb CTp. 91 
nepeB. crp. 237 cit^. 

* Tarn xe, apa<5, t. crp. 100—101, ^ip. nepea. crp* 3U— 16: jd nto uta^o 

CTinsie mSpB HOD p-irSn *Sk unKDi cnpoSi* ri^a p a"j? iiHt Sie ]d nt^Ko jiiac K^na 
itiSop neas ^nSi* ^oio Kara id '\\hrhh nana ^nSit k:»!dS« id itioj dh^^d Kn^Ki .nbiH 

♦ niTDnoSK n*>;inS*t '30 |d n*«fi\ i*nbn> no nao 

* HuteTca B^ buaj Muutna Topa (min rwro), t. e, BTopoaaKoHie. 

* Cm. BTopoaaK. XVIJ» 18. 



— 28 — 



cb BocTOKa Bt HpaK^ *, bo BpeMU xajra$a A6y-JI,3KaiJ)apa Ajk* 
MaBcypa &% 136 rojs,Y uoxaMMajiaHCKoft rB^mpbii>. 

Bit TpeXBeMl) M'&CTt MaKpESB rOBOpHT'b Xipo RapaEMOBI) H 

ABasBTOBii RaK'b ji,Byx% pSiBJivmuuxi, ceRTaxi,, qxa Ha csMOWh 

^^Jl* HMtJIO MtCTO BTj tX H X B, no p. X,, KaKli 3T0 GjJljSTh 

oOiiHCHeBo HH^e opa pascifOTp'I^QiB paaBHTln sapaHMCTBa B'b 
Bocjit-aHaHOBCRyio Buoxy, 3;('6e& me npEBej^eifL cJioBa MaRpnaii 
RacaxejiiiBo Aeaea, ROTopwa ruacaT'E; 

tJjth'Anamn ^ (AeaHHTH) nonY^futB HasBaHie orb Anana 
Pam aAh'J!^M(iAy7m, Roxopbift npECHJiii ci> BocxoKa m> Romeft 
Mumnu ', cnHcaHeofi ct co(ScTBeeHopyqHaro oparHBaaa npo* 
poRa MoEEces ^. BE;^a, qxo iy^tea, pa(56aHKTH e RapaeitfU, npo- 
THBop^qarb aaxojtflmeMycfl y Hero (yqeniio), Aaaei. Boapaatai^b 
hmtj B'h pejuiriosebixi, ;^'feJIax'L h otHocHJica r-b cbohmi npOTHB- 
aHKaMii Dp6e€6p6JEBTej[ibE0. OhI) 6brji% DoqETaeiii» emb ^, TaRi» 
RaRi) OHE cqexajE ero oTnpECEOM'L (^apn) JI^aaEAa, paaeo xaKse 
no EpEqEH'1^ ero RpaftHofi eaOoffiHocTH, xaK^ qxo, no BXt mh'R- 
aiiOy ecjiB 6m Anae'L mEJFB eo BpenH xpaMa (iepycajiKHCRaro^, 



^ Bmne Manpirsi euie To^ete oopeAtiflerb^ Ky^ii npMduji. AeaHi»— uMeHHo 
wh FopoA^ Bar^a;!!. Ecjh 6u aro ^aiicTie se noj^iesajo coMBiHlD, to mu 6u qojj- 
«iiie BipQuft urmmus a qu& j(ifl cziSMU AH&flu: TopoA^ Bar^a^^ Haqaxi* no- 
erpoJlKoit b^ 763 r« no P. X.; cit^oBaTexbHo, BucTynxeHie A hah a oe x orjo 5ifrk 
pattLrae KOHua iiO-ii* hjh eaiaia 70-x^ rr. VUI CTOitxifl. 

'-' De Sacy, rain* ae, cxp, lOB: dh*» iKa«x? ^'jk ]i:iPi^ Pn^KC n'iKiKy^K leont 

pi' pn-pp HD^BP i«3i * ona »eiTKT pnri »d an^Sj? [j?bi cncKSaS -i-unc nj?D rro i^Sn^* 
intt iS m*» pT n'na onnSa *ynpo 'Vy idjSk |o hS^kd pne 'Sjm q"j? iwi "tSi p nait 
p itiian «I3 pD 'mil iioS nnairMjo 'Sy Kn^ip* oSc »n'33 jkdS n'lSn nnnaj? dx*h 'B 
n^n^jit ri'na iin»*?K SuDrnoK tin^S*! n^c f^Sna kdd Ihsi .nonnaKi nS nc^SaSi* y^^r\ 
3>tDn -[ini yisonSit p vp^ pi* 'k '* Swa* nSi pi'dhSohSh n'^oSn 'c j?iw md Sno ^bjr 

SpiK '33 in Sup! oyS» itsno n^ai nanirr ♦dkSoS** .tSj? ono p *D^p n*DO*?i* *t Sip^M 

^ SBa^eBiB cjoBa Mmuuht z^\ch cm. Bume npHH. 1. 

* Jm Bipaoi ontflKi aroil 6acaK cjtjiyeTt npanoKHirfe, iro Bi fiHCieft* 
ciOEi TeKcrt HtrL QExaRoi pasHBEiu M6»Ay pa66afiKTa]fH b KapanNaMi. 

^ 9to, BdAoGHo noiarai^, oTiocHTca ki DpRBepxeaQ,a]i'L AHaaa (Aeaai^ 
Taut), yaoMflHyTyiti 6i> sa^aji npBBo^^BMaro MtcTa. 



— 29 — 



TO B6Erp8ir&HHo 6hz% 6u npopOKOiii», Ero aporeBBHRif ee MorJia 
BUCTynHTB npoTHB'B Hero, no npaqas^ 6jih8octh ki. HSMy xa- 
jDEKj^a oKasBiBaeuaro (xajHiI)oif^) evy no«iHTaHia. npoTHBopi^- 
^BJi-B SB OH^B ifA^aii'b, uemAY npo^BUty B^ ycTaeoBJiesia aaaH- 
CBMOCTH flc^HCJieBiji M^CHi^eB'b OTh EEi^Jiiojiems HOBo^ryeia, no- 
fp6mo Touy, ksk'^ 3to yaaROHeHo bi* HCJiant, HHCROJbKu ne sa* 
SoTHCB o TO]n>, Ha Kasofi ;ieHb aeji'bJiH (HOBbiH m'&chi;^) Bhina- 
jffiTTh. Owb ocTaBHJTii BpeMflc^HcjeHie pa66aHHTOBii h hxi> oHpe- 
Ai^eme BacoKocHfiix'B HtcffiieBi>, yTBeps;^afl, mto ohh dTo j^'fi* 
jiaioTii HenpaBHJitHo; cant ace ohi» pyKOBo;tcTBOBa^ea b-b 3ToirB 
OTBomeeiH tojibko o6Hapy)RHBaHieMi^ KoJiocBes'L nqMeEH. Owb npe- 
EpacHo roBopHJi'B npo Heociio Hcyca, cBiHa Mapiaubi, h iio^^TBep* 
mjLSLJTh npopoiiecTBa MoxaMMe;^a» roBopa, qto oh^b tujit npopo- 
soiTB, nocjaHHbiM'B R^ apaBBTHHaMi, ho qjo Topa ne Mo^eT'B 
6UTB 0dMi^HeHa»* 

§ 7 . IIocji'^ dTETb HSB'bcTifi ;iBuHRaro po;(a Q3*B RapaHMCRHX'B 
B^ToqHeKOBii, He6jiaroHa;^esHocTB rohx'b dpocaeTCfl bii rjacasa, 
ofipaTHMCfl K-B paBBHECRHMii CB'b;^*Hiflii*B. IlepBoe, ;5Pine;iinee 
^0 eacB ynoMHHaflie o6i> Anant b-b paBBHecKoft HHCBMeHHocTa, 
npHHax^effiHTB maB'b TajiMyjiaqecRofl aRa;i6Mia n't Gyp'b (b-b 
BaBiuroHiH) HaTpoEaa 6ewh FaiiaH, ROTopufi (|>yHRi^ioHapoBaji'B 
OTB 859 jff) 869 DO P. X. FoBopfl ORapaHMax'B, yaotfHeyTUX'B 
Bi» Bonpoci^, o^pan^oHHoifB k% aeuy ^6% oj^eoifB pejiariosHovB 
o6pa^'fe, cypaHcKifi rauHS BbipamaeTca cii'feji;yiomHM'B o6pa3oir'B: 
cSth * pacROJiBBHKH BBicH^HBaiorB Qpe8Hpai€TB ciioBa My;ipe- 
i^oB^, TaR^ KaR'B ohh yqeeafCH Aaaaa (apapo^^arejifl J]^aEiaJia) ^i 
soTOpBifi cRasaJi^ cbohh'b npaBep^^eei^au'B: OcTaQBre MamEy a 
Tajuryx'B, a a saM'B cocxaBJiio ceoli co<5cTBeHHH<l Tajiify;^^! H 
XO cHi'B mp% oBH yaopcTByiOTip bi* cbo6Ii:b aadjrys^eaiej a 



' CBjutypi AMpaMa Faoaa (n»»a onoy n -mio), Bapmaaa, 1865, j. 38 a: 
h^h fow» *?ri"T Sw van 'an itar 3p*i* pj? n^oSn o^Dsn nan i^nai pj^y^jo |'3'tD iSSrr 
inTjrea tn j*ny^ /Swo iTo'yn odS nerrx 'am noSni mvn *">3t 13?!? inptit o'jnm o^yinn 

, lotyS Siy S»v rri S«f noSn ipm . \ntvh hdik ivj?ji 

^ Btotii XastHJi, coBpeMGHBSiR'K Harpoaai, TOSAecTieaii Moser'b 6un 
e% JlasiBJom KyMHCi, BoropoHi* cm. mob ^UsBtcTifl KiipRHcaafl'^, cTp. 
251—255. 



— 30 — 



oT;tiki0jiHc& OBH Bit oco6iJil pacKOJi'B; oHii »ce (AHaai») cocts^ 
BHJE'b HMi» npeepaTHM^ h Hero^Hufi Tajvyjcbi. 

§ 8. npo ^ipyroro raoHa, Fan 5. J^ae^jQCb, Gbisniaro raasoit 
nyHOa;iHTCRoft aKa;(6idn otl 890 ^o 897 r. ho P. X,, hsb'^ctho 
TOJOiKO, i!To Bi> 6uTB0CTh 6ro^ paHBm6 raoHETa, cy^^beft b'b Bar- 
ji,2iK^, QB-h uojeuEmpoBBJi'h cb KapaHHaMH. Ho oC'B dioft nojie- 

MEWh nOKaM'kCTli HBBtCTHO TDJIBEO DO AHTaTaMI» y RapaEMCBHXli 

aBTOpoB'b. Mbi Bbnne (§ 3) BH^^tjiB, ito KapKHcaHH eiry upH- 
DHCbiBaeTL Qep6Bo^i> coqHHeHiH Aeasa Ha eBpedcKld BBhiK%. 
BnpoiieMi., KHpKBcaHH cau'b He BB;^tJii> osaa^eHHaro nepeBo^t 
a TOJi&Ko cjiHmajii» pa3CKH3i> o HeHi>, ecjE axori cjiyxi} hmI^jis 

OCHOBRHie, TO HO BCefl BibpoaTHOCT0 OyMfia^HTCKifl raOHX 3T0 
CXtjlBJl'b TaSHCB B'B DH^aX'B HOJieUBRn. 

§ 9. 3a HaHBaHHWMH raoaaiiB xpoHojiorHqecKH cj['fe;i;yeT'L 
caMBifl SHaijHTeJibEHiK aai BaBEuiaecEBX'B rjaB% aKa^eMid bi> Ha- 
y^HOMi* oTHomeHiH h caMhii sHaiieHHTM^ hsi. ehxi*; ifu roBo- 
peiTB cypaHCRou'B raoHt Caaj^ia AjiB-OaliEOMK, ROTopBifl sai 
UBJUi ;|oJiHCHocTB FJiaBbi Bi* Cyp* OTT, 928 jii} 942 r. no P. X 
KaR'L HSB'fecTHo, Caa^iJi cocTaBEJi'B cneiiiajikHoe coqEHeHie, aa- 
BpaBJieEHoe npoTHBt Aaaea {p7 ^^J^ ^'»'?k ^**ro); ho 8to coiiHHeHie 
^0 eacb H6 ;(omjio, a eoxpaaHJHcs orit sero tojibro oTpbiBRH, 
npEBoj^OMMe RapaEMCRHHE aBTopauE, cTapaiomEMECfl onpoBBpraTb 
CaaAiio E 3aii^En^aT& Aeana. Ji^st 03^ btexii B.ETaT'Ly es'b roexi» 
OAHa noRopoqe e hb 6yKBaJiiiEa \ a ;ipyraH noo6cTOHT6Jii>a*66 
E, noBB^EMoiiy, 6oji'6e Toqeaa, npaEHyn^ecTBeHHo BaacHbi ji;ia 
Hamero npe;tMeTa. B'B otpmbk* eb^ khuiu saKonoei Bumeyno* 
MflHyTaro leryjtw Fa^iacH * npHBojiHTCE MHi^Hie Caa^ia o tomt,, 
wo onpe^tjieHie whcaujBB'h no acTpoHOMHqecRHMi. BU^EcaeHiflici^ 
(■Jiil^) 5mjio y eBpeeBii ct caMaro Ha?ajia, npH^eMi> raoaii npa- 
6aBJifleT'B: tTaR'B ' 6hjio ceorohI) b'I^robii) noEa ae ho^bejeecl 



He BS^ co^HHeBla npoTiBi Aaaaa, a isi KouHeHTapia Caa^^la ha HaTiitBsxie. 

' 4to aBTopi> dToro orpuBKa raAacR^xopomo A0Ra3aJi> DOKoJSHyl 4-pi 
4ip&BKJb Bi> Monalsschrift TpeTna sa 1882, crp. 77—86, 

* Cm. DBBCRepa nrjiDip *apS 11^ 95: S*erDr* r\^^hn nppr ty i^on p Snr» ^^m 
,i'rt}?S "iiapi DJt^init noil on^o^a {.iSun rn*)) pi? nopi ^riTn rpaS m w»ni 




— 31 — 



MycyjLvaHe (qapcTBO Hauaajia) b ycTaHOBHjnr sasoHi* o HafijiK)- 
;ieHiH BOBOjryHifl, a AHaHi> (rjiaBa HsrHaHui ^), menaa ;iocth- 
myrh BnacTa, cejioeejicb ea cTopoay hxi> (MycyuMaHi) a^kh 
Toro, qTo6i» ohh euj noMorajiH (jtocTHrsyTB i^^iiB)». 

Btopoe u^beto npMBOAHTcfl EapaHifcRuM'b aBTopoif^ Bbiine- 
rnoMaflyTaro no.ieMHiecKaro co^BHeHifl 00;^*^ aarji. o^K'pn p-\bn 
o^:3'vr)y H xoTH BxcrpbiEst ee HadBaao huh CaaAie, no IlQHCKep'B 
BDcuiH* ^paB^, oTHOOi ary i^HTaxy k% uoaiijt^Beuy . Bo BcjncoMt 
cjyqa'bf aroTL paacRasn* BU'beT'b x^^ 6iorpa({)iB Aeaaa h juib 
HCTopia 803HeKH0BeHiH EapaHMCTBa nepBOCTeneHHoe sea^eHie. 
BumeoBBa^eHHU^ sapanircRift aBTopi* cnpamHBaeT^ cea^RJia 
BecBva HaHBBo: f3a^*6ici> ' bu (pa66aEHTbi) B'fepitTe Bameicy 
ej|HeoB*pny, Koropirt pyraerb My;ipei^a HarHaBia AHaHa?> a sa- 
T^wb npoj^ojiKaerb: tOe^ uBineT'K bi> cBoeMi> RoiREowh paacRast, 
QTO Anaa-b B&rt:i'b ujiaAOiaro 6paTa» du niieBB XaBaelB^ npB^eitii 
AeaB^B npeBocxoAHJii» csoero 6paTa seTOJiBBo jitTaica, ho xaEsse 
m noBHaniHifH. npH bvsu% tomi>, coBpeuesHbie yqeHue He no]K6- 



> Twrji-h ABaBS, loaeHao,— Dpa5aEieBie fMaci. 

* IIiHCicepi nramnp 'cjip*? II, 103: o*in3 nSin S*5»d pi^Srjin ivii oam pSi 

in 16^ ,c'3V3i fTuns i^nn n*j:nD *?n;j rm |jj?i rpjin ton 1:00 pp nit iS rt'rr 
lor ^TMn-i^ inoni m ttdS rt^ntr fiiv*iB *iinn oi»o n^Si tpifi iT03?n*y mnn "tnn 
rm imn*D3?rn 1*? nm^r p^dw hhti niaw"ai miir Kin^i oTtro i^nn n^art Sn 
n) jjwnji oin'si pnx rii'ino onniin Sjy^Ssi n v'h Sai mn j^p napm npn inina 
nSji3^ ^on^Sy mS^ mi \sy r^ n^oj^nt inn m3*>D ine owo "inDo npiSnca 
sSoa i^D 'D fpn Sy imSnS '^ di^ ly mSs nos rnrh '^w nirs *k evs nia'^Ds 
^rr 0V3 tnm oj niSn*? ifiipm *nS3 irtn dj D^Stiytar* ^oano uSa n^ai otn ow \S pnui 
;r 'kS w niTO mina r* itS :iS ioh p mry >S fmi ^ Tonta ma Min n> nor Sjr 
*trii mn Sy inm i«n'B nrit rn»tn nm nS ion ?k ,ri v^ tS *^oi« to^3^*^nB 

«f bv *>« inw Ps'jon nnw m Sy >nM^ i^Son »inK noitni nirmcn^ nni^ 
^ Stan *uv^^ \ «mi* mm 'ntt^ Sy *nKi 'in Ssk ;\S "^OHn nnM m Sir iS idi*' ibtusi 
*W3K na nvi ym m pai -|m pa *itPH (D^anncni) '*nam nip\Sno?i iS riunaf ruts 
•join im 'wanS moiS py piam i\ic .pir»^ nhnn o^ain iSon yioufai nS«a uni ^^m 
iHiina amar no hv mayr ^cS nnx nn*o a^^n ^h tomi oiSna in^Sw **? ni«-ia roK on^ 
Tl^oSi nanpo nnn:o S^anS iffii Sy nncDi ^iSicSt tjio D*"iain iSti onS h^jiuti 
•rw m 'a inm nn«i ,iaT*j nw> iSon iS ]mv *ii? ai i\do i*'»in (pnij) rnta tS 
Sy \Jurn nvi Minn Y?aii ,a^a«n ivayi m«n n^in Sy *mi meipn luyi |iQ«fn 

. iS nirinai iSoS iS pnoai a»aitn\ nvn 



32 



JiaHH HMifeTB AnaHa rjiaBoft HarnamH, DCJ!it;i;cTBie ero HaxamcTBa 
H HeAocTaTRa HaOosHocTH, noqeiiy ohh oCpaTHJUicB ri> XaeamH, 

KOTOpHfl OTJIHqaJICa SpOTOCTtM), CMHpemeEt H 6orO^OH8HSH), H 

nocxaBHJiH ero aKcejEapxoifB, Torj^a AHaHi> h He^^ocTottHue era 

npHBepHOHIlH, HSt OCTaTfCOBl) ceiCT'L CaA;iyK6fiCR0ft H 60dTOCTIieB%, 

npo;iOJiHajiH pacnpio b% TaflH'^^ 60HCB iip6ca'fe;;oBaHifi co cToposK 
Torj^amHHX'L xaJiE^CRfix'L BJiacTefi, n oocTaBUJiH oee AeaHa ascH- 
lapzoui}. Ho Bi> o;(Ho B0CKpec6Hi6 3T0 cxajio HdB*]kcTHO uapio 
(xaJiH({)y), KOTopBffl BdJil&Ji'B 8aRJiK)<iHTE Anaea bi> TeHHHi^y, jina 
Toro m!o6% noB-feceTB ero b% IIi^TeH^y rhrt, ocjiyniHHKa i^apCKaro 
EpEEaaa. CjiyqatHo b% tj ^e TeMHHi^y (Sbijt'b 9aRjfE0^eHi> o;ihhi> 
y^eHBift Mycy^BMaHHHi,, KOToparo TaKse BasBaiHJiB k% noBtnie- 
Hiro BTb ^HTe0^y 3a oTCTyneHqecTBO on* daROEa MoxaMMe;^oBa. 
H STOTT. MycyjtiiaeHH'L fiocoBtTOBajii* Aeaey h cRa3aJii> eiiy: 

B'ikTli HM B% Top'^ ;^ByCMMCJieHHblX*B SaROHOBIi, ROTOpbZe MOaCHO 

6HJ10 6u TOJtROBaTB ;tBOER{iif'L oCpasoMt? Kor^a Aeafi'L OTB^Taai^, 
^To HM*^iGTCB TaROBMe, TO MycyjiBifaBHai> coB'bTOBaji'fc eMy H35paTb 
;^E c66e b m^ cboex'b opQBepjEeai^eB^ TDKROBasiJi, KOTopbia npo- 
TEBoptMaT-B T^M-b, Ronx-B npH;tepiKEBaiOTCfl ero 6paTi> co cbohmh 

OpHB6pS6HIiaME| H E0Cpe;iCTB0H'B OO^Ryna a BSHTOKIj BHSEpiO 

^o^wrhca pasp'JkmeHLe roBopeTE (onpaB^bieaTECH) Ep6;i'i> i;apeMi»; 
Ror;ia se, Epo^^onacajz't MycynBHaeHH'B, nojiy^HinL 3to paaptme* 
aiei TO EOBeprHEca iipe^'& i^apeu'B Hen,!) h cRasca eny: rocy;iapi> 
Mofi i^apB! TBI oTjiaiii MoeMy 6paTy BJiacTE ua^ji'h oaheitb acno- 
Bik;taHieMi>, ajia se aa^^ii ;^ByMa? Kor;ta se oe% OTB'feTarky qTO 
TOJiBRo Bajii. ojtHHM'B, TOP^ia 06^^68 eMy, TITO y Teda a TBoero 
6paTa pasJia^HBie saROBU^ a ei^jim tbob apEBepmeai^Bi corJiacATca 
opaBBTB TBoa TOJTROEaaifl a tu o^tacHaniE bto uapio, to tu 
CfyjtemB cnacea'B. flaa noOys^eaia ^uieaoB^ cBoefl napTia cjit^o- 
BaTB 8a aaMi>, AaaaE ynoTpeGaji-B ea^e cJi'fe;tyK)n;yH) xaTpoCTB, 
a EiieBHOy oHii EifB 05'LaBaji'L, ^to npopoEi> Hjibe noKasaJicfl 
eny bo ca-fe o CKaaaa-B, ^To oai» (Aaaa^b) sacjiyacaBaerB ciiepT- 

fiOft KaSEE 8a TO, qTO OB-B (CJltxyA y^eaiH) pa66aBBTOBTi) He 

ECBOjiBflerB RaEi* cji*;tyeTi> BaEOHOBt Topw, a 3to obi (AHaHT>) 
HMii ;^0Ka3bIBaJI'L MHEHMMa ;toBOAaMB, TaKi. RaKT* Aaaay yrpo- 




— 33 — 

saJia CK6PT& E TaRi> RaEi> OHii Btf'fejrB cniiLEoe sejianie Buftra 
Qo6'1b^BT6Jieifi», TO 0Hi> B8;iepsaJii» 6oiBmyio cyvny ;ieH6n> Ha 
aoxKyiTb H ;ia6HJ[CH pasp'femeBia ruBopBTb npe^i* Kap6in> h o<h>- 

JiCBBTBi ^TO SaROH^ BFO GpETa OCHOBEHli Ha aCTpOHOMHiieCRHX'b 

BM^tBCiieHiflrB; ero se tojiki* ocHOEaB'b Ha Ea5jiio;ieHi£r HOBOJty- 
HiH H ROJiocbeBii fl^uieHH. IIo Toft npHqHH'fe, <2T0 daRaBi» caiforo 
iiapH (HCJiatfi.) ocHOBaH'b na HaCTroj^eeiH jiyHH h RojocbeBTiy aapB 

larqaacfl n cr&Ji% GjiaroBOJiHTt RT>AHaHy». 
§ 10. nocJi'6 Caa;(iH bi paBBHHCRoft jiBxepaTypt bsb-I^ctho 

in> ca¥0CT0flT6J[LHae tojibro noKasaHie t|)HJioco(t)a h BCTopBBa 
^A^BpaaMa H6ei,-Ji;ay;ia b-b coTOHema nh^n ibd (Knara o rpajta- 
HiH; cocTaBJieHa b-e 1161 r. no P. X,), H6HX-Say;^i», npaB;^a, 
qacTo nojteMBsapyerB npoTBBi* RapaBHOB'B b% nasBaHHOM'b coqa- 
seHia a roBoparB HHor;ia cTpacTEbiM'B HdMJLOM*B oOaaceEHaro 
ocBopOireHiHMB a xyjio^ paBBBHCRaro iyAaasMa, ROTopus BCTp*]^- 
^aiOTCH Bi> RapaaifCRofl nacBBeHHocTa; ho Rasj^bjfi, noGiase 
dHaROHBifi t% xapaRTepoH'B ero co^aaeHiH a ero canaro \ hb- 
K taiTB o6pa3oi[i» He ciaHerB BanoAoapaBaTB ero ^^oGpocoBtcTHocTt *. 
BoTii ero noRaaaHie: cB-b ^ ero BpeHB * sajia AaaHL a cmvb 
CayjTB, 9tott> AHaH*B Cbijh* hb-b ^oaa flaBBAOBa ^ a nepBO- 



^ Obt nail Mj^eBiKom sa Bipy bi> 1180 toxj b^ ropoxt Toledo bi HcitaHli. 

» Cp, Graetz, Geschichte, B, YI, p. 183. 

* Cii. D'DDnn "no (Mediaeval Chroaicles I, 63--64: taa Sit»i pp nm i»o*ai 
for « iTDm nSnna n%T csn voSni nsi in n*an ni fjjn .api' D^jyarn o» 

-•^ n n'a *c 'jj? moo |pt nrys^ rrt ncoa wnDv 1C3 onrs onr »0d o'M'asn 'bd 

yai c*3iB «S o*pin laSn m^i on*oSn i^oj?m onto lan mm ,D'ofii»n bi* iriDBf 
.optni \2V -iow IV cpnirn iSiS-ji n^an jnn -jnK '3 .jna i w mS 
Ptit ijieTt raoHt leryAaa, CKOHiaBmeiiCfl bi 763 r. no P. X, 
XiA xapaKTepiicTBKB oOmepHaro, ho cosepineBBO Hero;(fiaro co^BBeaia 
ira GescLichte dcs Karaertbums (Leipzig 1862 — 1869) jtocraTo^rHO npi- 
cjrtflrwmii ofipaaqgia. Bi AMCTepAaMCKOMi BSAaaiH coi- H6ai-Ji;ayj(a 
BKpaiacb ooe^aTEa i bk^cto in n^^o (h3^ Aoxa J^aBH^a) BaaeqaTaao ii^ n'^o (Ba% 
;ioMa Tipa)» ^ry Heitnyw oneiaiKy "I^Dpcrt ToJKyerb ua BcapaBiHeri mta 
(rop. B&cpa bjb Bacopa), BOTopyl ropojii siKorAa ae niiQQTCA iiv n*x He ao^ 
mMiQTVYBCh dTBm, 0K>pcn» npo^oisaen. paacyxj^aTb cjiiAyJt>invm oSpaaon: 
Tasi aaKi Ahbhi 6uirb po^oiii. aaii Bacpu, r;(t bi> nepBoi aoji>BBai VIII cto- 

a 



31 



fig^ajibHO oTunqajicH yqeeocTBio, ho (coBpeueHHiiKH) eamjifl b%^ 
Hev^ wtRoiopuE Hej^OGTogHMH RaqecTBa^ H DoceMy obI) h6 no* 
jrywJi'L HHBecTflTypBj sa ^iojishoctl raona (rJiaBBi aRa;ieuiH), a 
CBume oHii H6 6hjiii ;(aDy[i;eei> ki» easy 3RCBJiapaxa. 3aBHCTb 
H Bpa2Ec;(a Asaea (kti cbobmi> npoxeBBBKaM^) aopo^HJiH rpasb h 
0HT> cTa-Tb coBpamaxb aspanjiLCKifl aapo^iii ct Tpa;iHniH, nepe- 
HflToft My;^penaMH oT^ npopoKOBt, ot^ BtpHHX'b CBH^tTeaeft 
(RaEi» MM HSJoxBJiii dTo B^B [ip6AiiieHcaiiieMi> co^BHeeiH) H npe- 
BpaTHJicH B% yqenaro ocjiymeHKa, kotophA BosMymasTCH npa- 
TBBi» ycTaflOBJieBHaro cyjia. Oat cocTaBHJiii KHBrB, hm^ji'b yqe* 

BBKOE'h, H BHUyMBJII} ^lypHIiie Q HerOJIBHe SaKOBMy TaKli RaRi> 

no paapyinefliH (iepycajEEifeRaro) xpaua ca^yneH ^ npamJiH bt* 
yna^^oKt, noKa Be BBBJicfl ABaHi> h yRptQH.ii, rxt,^, 

ConociaB-iflfl noKaaaaie HdHii-/[,ay;ia ct, CaH;^iaHOBCRnM'B ae- 
Tpy^Bo saM'feTHTb, QTO xoTH ;;aHHHH o6'E AflaB* B'B o^tHxii Bep- 
ciBx^ coBepmeHHQ cxoabh, bth )j,b,bbuh^ o^^HaRO^ B8 romj^'b' 
CTBOBBKi, qeMy eme Harjia^BBXUi ;i,0Ea3aTejii.cTB0M'B ^ymwrh 
ynoMBHaHie uepBbiWh AHaBOBa cwHa, Cayjia, o ROTopoM'b y 
Caa^^iB, paBHo KaR'B b-b ;^peBee-RapaHMCKofl nacbMeHBocTH, co* 
BcfeM^ He ynonHHaeTCfl *. Hai* aroro oficTojiTejibCTBa, paBHOKEK^ 
HS-B HtKOTopMx^ ^ipymxi, MoiKHQ aaRjifovHTB, qxo H5H'B•J^ay;^'b 

HOJIBSOBaJICH BeH3B'bCTHMMl» HaUli pa66aHETCKHM'B HCTO^HBROITbr 

(6htb MoaceTi., HCTopQqecKHMt coqHHenieM'b CaMyn.ia HCht*- 
Har^lBJiH), cxfl3Mi6 AeaBa. — 3a to jtpyrifl nosAHtflmifl HSB-fecTiji 
o6ip Aaaat y repMaHCKaro paBBsaa MoBceH Taxay (XIII b.) 
BocflT^ BBBHfl JIe^ee;^apH0•^03eMHqecKift xapaKTep-B. TaR% b% 



itxifl BosBiKia apB6cEafi (|iiiJoco<{)CRaa mKoia, BaatcTsaa iiojn> aaasaBieM:^ 
utKOAa MymaMAttfnoBh^ to saBipHo Aeaa'b npBSVMaJii piacTie Bt ocHOBaBia 
osaaieBBol dikojim!!! TaKmi 6pe;iHea Bi> Gescliiciite des Kar. #H)pcTa HHoroe 
■■osecTBO, H nocBBiy dQKT6Ti» luderHch 4jfl BToro coiiBeaiH y lIlTeiiHinHefl- 
Xepa, fetrepa b ^p.^Buoiai aacjiyxeHi.. 

* Ho APyroMy <iTeBi«}t epemuKu (Q'J»Dn), 

' Tart-BaSHBaearaa MynadduMa (noipa, Bae^eBie) Cajii.MOBa HCB%-Iepy- 
xaxfl, v^ npoBOAHTC^ i^UTara b3i coiiHBeBia Cayia (OiiBcaopii n, 62), pee 
j(aBBO BSO^iMefia sain> noAAtiaa OfipROBaqa. 



— 36 — 



oj(B0in> ittcrt Tdxay toBopwni cMu * cjKinajiH ot'S Hamsi'B 
StteraBHiifcoB^, ^to epeiBRi* AsaH'b a era xoBapBotB eocTaejiaiur 
epetH^ecidH e no^Ehis. nncafiin, saKaauBaju cxi> bi» seifjiiOi 
V sarbMii BkrHSMaaii htim a yTB6piB;iajiii, hto 9to ;(peBHiH co- 
vraeHifl). B-B ;ipfraui u'^crb, Taxay opifBo^iBTii mhbiio6 Hape- 
vesie AflaBa^ oosejaBinaro, otoSm Bct yqeHHe (pa56aHHTM) 
iiijDi aasjiioqeHiit bi* erc» jRBBorh^ b toiT^a owb 6bi OAHHifB y;^- 
pom Meqa noROH^eiii c^ bomb b cb caiiEM-b coOqw; ^ si uon e 
vero e ben trovato! 

§ 11. BoTB BecL 6iorpa<Iin^ecRid uaTepiaJi'b o6i> AsaBtp ko* 

BEMi* npejtcraBJ^eT'L ^ipeBHHfi neciiMeBBOCTb. IIpH kpbtb- 

ZMXJfWb pascMOTpi&Hin BbJinenpiiB6;(6BBux'L cB'1^;i,'bBifi ;(BoiiKaro 

|||| KapaHMCKBXli (b RapaHMCRO-apa^CRBXli) CL O^^BO^ CTOpOBEiry 

paOSaHBTCRHXii Cb ;ipyro(!, — aejibSB Be oT^^aBaTb npenByn^ecTBa 

flOCl^ABBU^, KOTOpblfl CaMB BQCBT^ Ba Ce6t BeqaTb BCTBBU E 

llojITBepac^aioTca upuTOWb ^pymifB DCToqBBsaiiB, Ba;;!* aepBbiiai, 
SQi^pllfl Be oG'LflCBBEOT'B BaHi> BCTopflqecRaro xo;(a coCMxifi s 
eme npoTBBop'bqaTi jipj^h Apyry- TaK^ HacpBii'&p'B RapaBMCRift 
rowbj ^TO pa66aBBTH xot&jih yOBTE Aaasa, onpo- 
DpraeTcfl» bo nepBHX'B (RaRi Oujio aaAfl^qaBO BHme), caMBHii 

[IBBHCRBVb SaROHOJiaTeJIBCTBOlf'B; bo BTOpMXTi, ttWh oOCTOflTeJIL- 

j^tBowb, ^To OTBOCBTejiBao BG'bxi> ;tpyrHX'L eBpeflcKBxi> epeciap- 
Tofi BBoxBy ^ase TaRBXT) RaK'b JOdiam h lUudtanz^ ro- 
tipue miui ropas^o j^ajEbme Aaaea b oTBeprajiB bck) pearBrioa* 
npaRTBRy iyAaBsna — caiin KapanMU se roBopHTi, qTo6'B 
pa66aHHTU npB^BHHJin Bifb RaRoe-JiHGo 3jio; b'b tpbtlhx'b, BTOMy 
paBCEaay RapaBMosik npoTSBopt^aT'L Apyrie bxt* pascRasu o 
xhXSbb b noqTeHie, rotopmh xajiEi^)!. oRaayBaj'B AnaBy, h uto 
pttMaBBTH, BCJiib;icTBie 9Toro, B6 entJiB BospasaTB nocjit^Heny. 
EciM SSB paacRaai o npecji'6;^0BaHiH Aeaaa co cTOpOHBi pa(J- 



» Cm cCopBiR-b -jona ^init i. Ill (Btffa 1860) CTp, 62; o ^awa-to ni?oi^ naai 
'Bhui pH*«^D vn mm vp*ip3 o»30\tti ipBfi mro *^an r*arin vn m^am ran lajr 

* Tan se, crp, 64* n*ni wtsaa Srr«^' *oan Sa nn» jn* ♦o. •vaw n^nr ro'i I^J? 

3* 



— 36 — 



(faHHTOBii He 6ojrke keki TeH^^eHoiosHaH BbijiyiffRa \ to caifo co6om 
paay&f'l^eTCH, ^to n Apyrofi EapaEMCRift pascsas'By MOTifBErpyeifuft 
dTHME MHQMHMK jipecJi'b^iOBaHiHMii , a HMeHHO, pascKas'L nepe* 
ceiieHiQ AeaHa b% lepycaJiHVB h ocEOBaHia uwh TaHii o6ii^qheiI 
eo3duxamu4UWzucHop6HU^uxz, — Toqna TaK»e BbijiyMaHt ct q'i^jiKio 
npHMaaaTBca k^ Cb. SeMJi*. 3T0My MHHMOHy nepeceJieniio, ceeprB 
cero, npoTHBop'feqHT'B KapaHMCKo-apaOcKoe cooOmeeie, ^ito AnaH^ 
ycTaHOBHJi'b, ^To ;^JIH o^pe;'^•feJ^eHifl Havana Hacxa citj^yioTt pyso- 
Bo;tCTBOBaTtcfl Ha6iio;teHiaMH Ha^'B nqMeneiiiMH KOJioctaMH bi. 
npaR*^ (BaBQJFOHiH) H CHpiB; najiecTBHt me coBc^bMi He yno* 
HffHaeTCH, ^TO ObiJio 6w eeofi'BflCHeMO, ecjiH^t AHaei> ;^tScTBH- 
TenBHo mHJiT> Bi> lepycajiQH'fe ^. K'b TOMy, ocHoBaBie oOntHHii 
eosdtrxaiomuxz u CKojiOamux^ APyri© KapaaMcide BCTonuasR 
OTHocHTi. Ki> KOHuy IX H Ha^ajfiy X Bt no p. X. 

ToqHO TaKffie paBCKaat o <5hthocth AHaea Petaz-raAymo^ 
(sKCHJiapxoMi.) H qTO QWh noj!t30BaJiCH BceufimHM^ no^exoiTb, MOrfc 

6UT& H30(3ptTeH'B TOJIBRO JIHaaMe, oqeB0;^HO HeHMtBIUBMH HB* 

RaKoro noHflTifl o HacTonmnx'B nopflARaxt, ^ocIlo;^cTBOBaBmHx*t 
y Tor^iaiDHnxTi BaBHJioHCRHX'B eBpeeBi) oTHocHTejiEHo 9RCHJcapza&%« 

Ha OCHOBaHiB MCTOpEqeCRH ;iOCTOB']kpHUX'b CBt;(tHift HaiCL HBB'k- 
CTHO^ ^TO HSCpaHie dKCHJiapXOB'B rJiaBHUMTi o5pa30M:B 9aBiic*6ia 

0Ti» laoHO&h^ T. 6. OTi* FjiaBi^ ^^Byxi^ TajiMy^^ecKHX'E aRa^eififi^ 
BI* Cypt E nyM(5a;tET'fe, BHtcT'6 c% rjiaBHEiME qieHaMH aRaj^eiiH* 
qecREX'B cy;toB'b, BbidopM rosx'l oQMKHOBeEHo yTBeps;ia.THCb 
cDepBa nepCHACKEUii % a saT'feM'L irycyjiBHaHCREifH MOHapxaira* 
TojiBKO Ror;[(a BosEHRajiE secorjiadfl M6sc;iy otiieHH ynoMflHyTbtMa 
aRa;ieitiHMH oTHocETeJiBHO dRCEJiapxoB'B^ EJiE se Meȣ;^y aRa;(e^ 



^ Bi 3Toi TeBJieuiilff Hevaiyxi poiii BTpaia captatio benevoleutiae xpicriaBi 
M MycyjBMafl^, rasi KarB, saqnaaa otl KHpKHcaeE h Koaiaa C^apKOEi^eiti, EH- 
pamiu Bce noAHepKETBaK^ni cio^ctbo bi aTOMB OTSomeBiu AaaHa cb Hcjcomi. 

* OpaB^a, qio noftL aigBaaieMi. UJuMh (□«») paayMteica HeTOJBKo CHpla^ 
flo H najecTHBa; bo to o6cTOflTeiBCTBo, TTO IIIaMi nocTaaieBB sa'&cb nocxi 
Hpaia, fKasusa^TB BTopocTeneaHoe SBa^eele nocii^iBflro. 

' Cm. ycTaB'B oOi BscBjapxi, o BABflioBcivnxii aKa;(eBfiiIx^ h bxi opepom- 
TBBax'B 7 HataBa BaBfljoacBaro (c^ia^nn *t-tD gg;^, HeA^ayapa bi MediaeTal 
Jewlsli Cliroaides, voK II, Oxford 1895, p. 77—88) 



— 37 — 



MJiiifH CI oAHOfl cTopoEH H yse ({lyBKuioHBpyiomQU'b ascHJiap* 
lowh cii j(pyro&, — tojlro Tar^tiy roBopiiMi>, xajiBtjiaM'B h bhsb- 
lums QpHxo;iHJ[oc& ptmaTS cnopu bi> nojiLBy ojieuit hs'b CT(>puH^» 
laKii Hanpmrbp'B npE caopaxii eBCHJtapxoBi yH6u {3% sa^aj'b X 
B,) H Jlaeuda Cem-SaKKau {at 20-rb ro;^axt Tora ae ctoji,), 
Ch FiiaBaMB aKa^ieuiH. 

A TaK% KaK-b HB^ orpoMHaro qHcaa oTBtioB'B (nii^Dn) rjiaBt 
lUHJioBCSBxi* aRaxeidft, RaRi» ao BpeneHH AHasa, TaKii h s'b 
ero BpevH b nocut aero, mh SHaeiCB, ^ito osHaqeHBHfl aKa;i6MiQ 
ouH^ajiBci* qpesBuqafiBoio CEpyniojiedHOCTbio b^ HcnojiHeHm laji- 

VyXB^BCKBX^ SaKOHOB'B B O^pHAOB'B, U "leifli TaKfiCe nOCTOHEHD 
rODOpBTCfl a B^ ICapaHVCSBX'L HCTOqHBKaXl>, Ta B08UOSHO 6I1IJIO 

6h noB'^pBTb KapaHHCKHMi» E3BtcTii}M& GuTHOCTB AeaHa aKCH- 
lapxoH'B H6 BHa^e, KaKi> ;(onycTHB7>, qTo nocJit^iBifl 3% to BpeMA 
npBTBopso nosopHJicfl pa65aHB3My, o qeMi> He BMteTCH hhfa'^ 
ptniBTea&Ho HBKaBHX'b yKasaaifi. Cjit^^oBaTejiBHo, ^eacoHHi^BHO 
Bi^whe BepciB paOCaH&Tcicara pa3CRaaa, ^to AHaBi* crb cairaro 
Ha^ajia He Cwat AocTaxo^HO pejiarioBeH'B (t. e* Mano co6nioji,BJi'h 
paBBHBCRie BaKoEbi B o6pajibi)j n nro sra o6cTOflTe.ii»CTBo 6hjio 
npE^BEofi BenaOpaBiH ero b'b aECEitapxB. 

§ 12, KaSl B'B TOJlLRO-qTO paacMoxptEEOU'B IiyBRT^, TaRl H BO 

Bcbxi) ocTaiSEBix'bjBbinienpBBejceHsaE pa56aHHTCRafl BepciH paa- 
CKasa oTJiB^aeTCH jioctob'I^phoctbh) h RocBaBHo no;^Bepm;iaeTCB 
c&MBMB RapaHMaHH. Ha^HeMi) ct> Toro^ qxo tojibro pa66aHETCKill 
pascRasii BEOJiBt o^-bECBSiBTb cyE^ocTS pacopn, ROTOpyio eaHOMy 
xajBipy npREijiocB paaGHpaTB, a hm6BHo, coopi B03HaR'& es^b 8& 
irpBTEaaEiA sa caEir aRCEJiapxa, IIpHdTOM'B paCi^aBBTCRifi ECTOq- 
HBR'b coBepmeHSo 6ednpecTpacTHo EpBBsaex'by ^to cBa^aaa na 
CTopoHt ocBOBaTeJifl RapaHMCTBa 6BIJKH BaazEHH npeEHyo^ecTBa 
upej^ ;tpyrBM'b ^peTeH;^eHTOM'B na caHt PemZ'raAymu^ Dp6J|i» 
ero ^paxoMii XaEaEiefi, a EueHHo, oh'b 6hsji% cxapme e y^eH'be 
Bocjrb^Ero ^; eo npEaxoifB yRadasBaa BepciH B'^pHo oxiitqaerb, 



< Mop^exafl KysasoBi yD0HHB&6Xb, 6yATo pa6aBBBTU ofisaBfliH Asaaa b% 
noiyqealH noAapKOBi (cm. *dt>d in uza* B*hh j. 56; u^ai h'j for w^^ine^ roa 
o**na iitri n>a-n-i S^pS Vnnna? K*W3n py), ho eHiAt B^ paBBiflCKofi OHCfcMeHHOCTB 



— 38 — 

^>F0 ^6HU BaBHJIOHCRHX'L ERa^^eMifi H6 OGpamaJIfl BHHMaHiff Ba 

STH npeHMymecTBa, TaKt Kas-B ohb xopomo oufkuEiLE xapaKTep-b 
AsaHE H H6(3jtaroHaxeacHOCT& ero m,^s oxpaHeHia Tucfl^eJitTHHTo 
Tpa;i;0itioHHaro iy^eflcTsa, BaKT* hxi> no;^o8p'feaifl daHCTaTej&so 
onpaB^tajHCB BDocjj'fe^tCTBiH* ll8<5pa0HnKi. aKa;^eMift h Hapo;ia, MJiajt- 
rniflOpaxt XaHaHia, Chjii., no o6wKeoBeaiM), yTBeps^eHT* xBLZEipou'h 
Bi» CBM^ 9ECEJiapxa. IIo]j,o6euA ace oiyiiali ButJi'B ifbcTo bi> eaqajr^ 
30*Th TojifiB-h X B*Ka, Kor;^a cypancKaa aKa;teMiff h naptiji 
CaaAiH FaoHa uEBJiomuiin 3RCBJiapxa JI^aBH;ia 6eH'b-3aKKafl h 
BOEBenH ero Mi[aJ^ma^o fipaxa lomiy (Xacaea) HaeroMtcxo, Ha, 
REEii ^acTO CiMBaerB cl o6iix6hhmu]i 0peT6B;teHTaMH^ AHaH'B 
He xoT'fiji'B ^o,^qIIHHTECfl oSn^eify npnroBopy HSfiapaTejiefl, h j^jib 
0T0Mii^6BiHaRa;ieMiBHi>, ^0M@p^EBaB^IEM^ Bnpo^o^iaceHie MBorHZ'B 
CTOfltTifi e;^HecTBO b'b eBpeficKOMi* Hspoji'b, o(5paTHJicfl b-b npo- 

TBBOIIOJEOHBBI^ JiarepB, K% Ee^tHCqHniHHHpOBaBBblK'B j^o Toro 

BpeMeHs onoosBtpoHHBZu'B BJieifeHTaifB Bi» iyj^eficTBlj, wb ocTar* 
KaMi> ;ipeBHeft ceKTW ca^t^yKeeBi, b HOBtfiuiHX'B pacKOJioB'B Hca- 
BHTOB:b B lOjiraflHTOBii, oKOTopbix-B ^WJia y HaCB pt^B Bl* oepBot 
CTaTBt *, H 9T0 oojioacHTejiBHoe yTBepac;i;6me pa66aBHTeEol 
BepeiH pascKaaa no;tTBepH;;aeTCH HeTOJiBKo MHoraMB CBH^^'feTeJiB- 
CTBaMH, pa56aHiiTCEBMH B RapaBMCEHMBy yRaaaBBhiMB eaMB paHBme, 
HO eii;e flCHo H H6onpo6ep3KBiro ^^ORasuBaeTCE padGopoHii co^ep^ 
jsaBifl cs^uoAkhuiu aaHOHoen {nrxon ncD) AnaHa, eeri* oCcTOBTejrBHo 
;iOKameifi» bto ^^aUBnie, 

HraRii, Kii Ha8BaHHB[M% onBOBBx^ioeeBnfB ajieHeHTaMi* o6pa* 
THJtcE ABasi* c% npe^JioaceBieifi) coe^BHBTBCH BirtcT^ opoTEB^ 
ofin^aro Bpara, npoTHBii xpa^^Bi^ioMBaro iy^^eflciBa,. b a5pa30Ban 
o;iBH^ CoitBmott pacROjrB, RoxopHfi npHSHaji'B 6u ero» Anana, 

CBOHITB FiaBOfl HJIII CBOHMli OCoSbIM'B 3RCBJiapX0M'B, H pyROBO^* 
CTBOBaJICfl 6H SaROHaMH H OdpH^aMB, BdJiTbIMB y BCi^Xl* 3TEX% 



Hitii o(hi dwwb Ew Majlffinaro BaHesa a saAO^Ho nojaraTb, ^to 8to ocao- 
Baeo Ha HeAopaaTMifiii. He xoriii la KyKESOBi CKasaTi^^ ^ito Aaasi dasajts 
nojtapsB (BiiaipD h caBOBBeKaMi>)? 

^ Mu roBopsAri. sj^icb, koho'Iio, o toS qacTB sasoHoy^dHla Asaaa, KOTopas 
oTcrynaerb oth paeBiHCKtiro ly^aflSMa. 



— 39 — 

ceicrB, Ea ckojiIiEo anr, 9Tit saBoau h o^psjiM, oTcrynaiorE on 
paBBBHCRaro saxoHo^iaTejibCTBa. npe^JiaHeBie aro Cujio BecBMa 
MvaH^iHBO ;(jifl yaoMAHyTBixB ceETaBTOBi, Tasi> icaRt caiiH no 
ce^'b BXi saiKie ocTarEH, ;(tftcTByH Bpoai^ a 6e3T> aeepraqBaro 
a asTopHT^TBaro npe;(Bo;i[iTejfl, hbho luroHiiJiBCb ki> ncoBaify 
ynaj(xy h BcqesHOBeHifo, Iloqeiry Bci^ deb oxotho npBHBjm upej^* 
JoseBie Aaaaa^ h BiftcTt ch ero npBBeps6BT;aMB b noiiBTBTO- 
cKBifH ;tpy3WiiiH o6pa30BajiB pacHOAZ AnaHa (AaaBHTW^, ^ npH- 
BBasniift tJiaBeacTBo oocii'l^^^aHro. Ho B3i> 6oiidHH A'^ficxBOBaTb 
OTKpuTO npoTBB'L BJiacTH xaji0({»ay yTB6p;(BBniaro fl36paBBHsa 
^Ea;(eMift aKCBJiapxoM'B, HOBbifi pacRajii> BiffecTl} co cbobic-l rjiaaoft 
j^OJU^u 6hi]iE cRpbiBaxb HacTOflu^ee nojioseHie sen^efi. CaMO 
€^6010 pasyiffeeTca, ^to tbroA Diar% co CTopoau Aaaaa ae uorh 
aa^oiro ocTaHaTLca rafiHBiH'B j^jsh ifycyjibifaECRBxi. BJiacTet, 
eecbva peBBocTBo oxpaBHBnjHxii npeporaTBBbi cyeepeBHofl BiacTii 
xa2H0aTa Ba;i^ Qo^qBaeBBbiMH Hapo;iHocTEHB; npBqeMi> Aaaas, 
eaMOBJiacTBo npacBOBBinifi QB6i caai., bip ROTopoifB B&icoiefl 
fijacT&K) yTBepsjieB'L 6ujii» ;ipyroft, ooxBepraJica cepEesBofi ona- 
BocTa, RaR'B ocjiymBHRi> Bojia xairotpa, a 61121^ saKJiioqeB^ b% 
remmiixY a opBroBopeBt rii CMepiHoft Raaaa. Enje o;^BOoOcToa• 
TejifcCTBO BtpoBTHo nocjiysiB.io ^HH oTHrqeaia yqacra aoBara 
€pec]apxa: TO^;^amBift xs^mfi-hj A6y^J(aca({)api> AiiE-MaHcyp'by b^ 
cBjy coBpetfeaaaro eay Ay^osaaro cocToaaia HycyjiEiMaacsaroHipa, 
jlfxsseaii 6uji% na npaai^aay cxaTE Bparoai* BCHRai'b aoBmecTB'B 
BS peJiario3BHxi ;t'fejiaxi., raRS RaKt epexaqecKia j^BEmeBisL iiy- 
cfsbistLECKETh ceRTE, RaRS Baop, XapHjtacHTeBi a PaBeB;iBTOB%, 
opB^maaJia Buy BeJiaqaflmia xjioaoTbi a SesnoKoficTBa ^, OScroa- 
tencTBo, qTo ABaaii no^Beprajca onacaocTB as^ 3a npoTBBO* 
jC^ficTBia pa66aBaTaM'L, oojiajio noBo;tTi ri» Tea^eaaioaHoiiy odsa- 
aeaiH), <f»op]ry;rapoBaaaoiry noaace RapaaacRaKa aacateJiaiCB, 



' HuBialJi KopauMh* H KapauMcmao^ aa ckoibvo xo chxi nopii R3BicTio, 
%m» Bd oytaecTBOB&ifl b% Daoxy ABasa. 

* Ol^wh pan xaiiict)^ Jiaxe noj^aeprcfi 6oiiimoff onacaocTB i c\ sejHKflVb 
TpT^lQvi. enac& cbojd sishb otl PaaeajiBTOBi, a BHeaso, bi> 756 roAJ bi ropaxl 



L 



— 40 — 



6y;(T0 pa66aHHTH xorfejiH yGHxt (a no flpyrBM^, qxo oh a y6HJiH> 
AEaea. 

KpoM'fe u'6p'ii, TrpBESTUT'h AQaHOMt j^JiE o66dneqe0iii ceC'b 
ycntxa BHyTpn, cpe;tH eBpeftcKaro Hapo;ia, ohi. Tanace He yny- 
CTHJii, H3T> BH;ty cpe;^CTBO K'h EpioCp-feTeBiH) cHMnaiiH h 6jiaro- 

CKJIOHHOCTH H3BH*, y rOCHOACTByiOmHXX XpHCTiaHCKHXT* H MycyjB- 
MaHCRBXli HapOJlDBl. H^O BCb HCTOnQHKE COFiTaCHBI B'L TOifB^ 

^ro ocHOBaTejib KapaeMCKofi ceKTbi nySjiHqHo sanBQji'B, ^ito oe^ 
npH8HaeT*B Hcyca npaBeAHHKOM^H MoxaMMe^a HacTOflmHin. npo* 
poKOM^, HOCJiaHHHMH cBMHie KX xpHCTiaHaif-B H apa(5aM'i> *; Bk^n> 
KacaeTCfl Mycy^bMancTBa, to AHaH'b Mori. eme yKaaaxb Ha cxo^- 
CTBo era aoBaro TOJiKa ci noo'fej^HHM'L b-e paaHMxi* pejiHrios* 

BhlTh noCTaBOBJeHlflX!., BT> OCOCeOHOCTfl ^6 Ha caMuft BaKHblft 

peJtnriosHufi 8aE0Hi», bi^ rotopom'b owh npi^HBHaeT'B CTopony HCjaHa 

UpOTHBTi pa66aHHT0B^, a HKeHHOy BU'feCTO aCTpOHO&THqeCKnXl} BH- 

^BCJueBifi, ynoTpe6jiHeMBixi» paBBBeaue ;i;jifl onpe;^i^jieHm Mtca* 
i;eBx B peiiHriosHHX'B npaB^ieHKOB'B, oh-l cxaBirrb bto onpe;i*b» 
jieHie Bi> aaBHCHMocTB oxii HaOjiK);ieHia HOBojiyaia. BnpoqeMt^ 
yRasaHHoe cpeACXBO He 611IJ10 H3o6ptTeHo caueu'L AaaHOifb; ohi.. 

ero aaHMCTBOBaJTb BM'icXt C'B JXpyrBMH MHtHiHllH H 8aR0H0> 

QOJioseHiflMn y A6y-Mcu, ocHoBaxejia pacROJia EcaBnxoB'L, koto- 
pHfi paHEme Aeana npeaeaBajii npopo^ecxBo Hcyca h MoxaHMe- 
^a« Toqno xanme oxBepseeia pa(S6aHHTCEHXi> acxpoHOMHqecRBX'b 
BBrqncjieEi^ h sani^Ha hxi HadJiiOjieHieMT) HOBOjiyHifl AnaH-b no* 
aaHMCTBOBaji^ y ;^peBHHx^ ca^WK^^B^ h doaxocifliteBi, koto* 
pbraii cji'fe;(OBajiH h ;^pyriH eBpe^cRia ceKXbi, Uo KaKi Ou xo eb 
Obijio, a cji'6;iyeTB HpHBMaTB^ qxo AnaHi. BecLiia HCEycBO boc-^ 
nojiBdOBajicfl btewl ofjmeM'b jijua cBoeft caHoaan^exu ^, h pe- 
8yj[bxaxoMi> xaRoifc xaKXHRE bii coe^tMeeeiE, KOHeqeo, cb ^oraxBiim 
no^^apKaME, no;peceHBiiuiH BHdHpHH'b e BJiiHTaabBBiirb caHOBBE* 



*■ CoOcTBeaao roBopH, ycxyiisa bl aroU'L oTHomeHiii 6iiiz CAiiaaa o^Bovy 
10I&KO iciavy, rasi r&ki Mox&MiteAi Bi Aisopast raKze npiiaaerk opopo^e- 
CTBO Hcyca, 

' JUfl Baci B6 BBcters 5oiinioro BeaijeBifl Bonpoc^ toiii, 6ujb ifl aroTi 
oi[oco(h» c&Hoa&iuiTy B3o6piTeBi callBBf^ AeaBoifi, bib se ou% 6ui'k BsymeB'fc 
nocM^kf^EBtij vycyjUiifaBCBBiii epeiBsoiti^ ksbi yTaepsA^eni pasBEBCKoe csaaasle. 



— 41 — 



EEHS xiaHtj^aTa, Gbino ocBO(k>s;ieHie AsaHa ^2% Teunmiu a npe- 
Bpameme FHtea xajiHtticjcaro Ha MHjocTb. Bifl^cTt ci» rtwh^ 
06'bSBRBa. Ey6jHqHo, qxc pacsoaib ero ecTi> pasjiB^eaH oTix paa* 
BHBCKaro iy;(eficTBa B'^pa, AHaH'B bthm'b cauHirB oxpeKCfl otb 
eaea Peoi'b-rajiyTiiry Ha Eoropufl ohii cHa^iAJia aaflBJiHiii> npHra- 
BaHiS. TaKBMii odpaaoM'B pacnpn Tor;ia Cjarooojiy^ao OKoe^HJiacBy 
M BafiiuoHCKoe iy;iefiCTBo, no BEiz;;'biieHiH h31> ce6H ^jieHOB'L ho- 
Baro pacKoja, norjioTHBmaro Tasxe ocTaTRH cTapbizi> epeceft, 
fCDOEoEiJiocB sa ^(Oitroe BpeMH. HaifB ocTaeTca Tenept BarjflHyTB 
BO BByTpeHHee ycTpodcTBo HOBbIx^ pacRoJiBBQKOB^ Ha ocHoaaHia 
BTh Magna charta, t, e. nhi ^o:imHhi HoGjiHHe no3HaEoifBTi>cji 
ch KHiiwH suKOHoeb Afiasa, iiermefl bi> ocHoBy nepBoHa^iaJiBHara 
KapaHHCTBa. 

in. 

TBopeiie Aiaia. 

§ 1, B-L npeAH;(yn;efl ciaTfct mh bh;i*:ih, KaK-b Bt cnay 
oeeTOflrejiBCTBi, AeaHi. BMHyajteai. Ohji* cTaxt tbopi^om'b pac- 
Roaa^ HocHBinaro nepBOHaqa;ii»Ho hke ero ocHOBaTean* Tor;^ainHe6 
eocTOflBie yMOB'B Ha BoctokI^ a bi> cpe^^ BocTo^naro eBpeficTsa, 

KOr^SL 6blCTpO B03HHiCaJIH H HC^eSaJIH HOBblfl CeKTbl, BHOJIHt fijia- 

roapuiTCTBOBaao BcaKOMy HoBOMy ABHxemzo b-b peJiHriosHBixt 
jrkiax^. Aaaey oco(5eHHO co;^tttcTBOBajiH nojiHTHqecKie npoTHB- 
BBKH ero 6paTa, Hosaro SKCHJiapxa XaHanin^ paBHO Easi> b Hdo* 
airpoBaHHbie ocTaTRB HpesHaxi> onii03Hi^ioEHBixi> ceRTBi He no- 
mejiaBmie BepsyTBCH b% jioeo paBBUBCKaro lyj^aBSMa. TaRHU'B 
oiSpaaoifL^ M^ oapaB;^aBifl ceiSH npej^'B Hycyjii»MaH€KEHia BJacTflMcr 
H ^JiB ycn'femHoft nponaraH;ihi cpej^o opeffiaexib ceKTaHTOB-B, 
AflaHX flfiJUReE'h Gmji'B HaQBcaTB na cBoeifb 3BaHeHH 0TpBii;aHie 
Tpaj(Hi;ioHHaro iy;iaH3Ma bih paBBHSHSMai t. e* oe'b ^^oiHteH^ 
6ui'b npHCBOHTfc ce6* ^^eBeai ApesHBro pacKojia ca;^;^yKeeB•B, 
ocTaTKH EOHX'B Dpo3fl(5ajiH eHte B-B yill cTOJitxiii HO p. X. Ho 
ropaa^o aer^e Obijio npOBoarjiacHTB opbhuhii'b oTsepaceHifl Tpa;^a- 
ipoHHaro eBpetcTBa, qtMi* opHBecia axoTi. npnauHoi» bi hc- 



— 42 — 

noJiHeHie, Tain* KaKt o;^Horo IlHTiiEBBscifl Moncen, jiKmech npH- 
OaBJiemeM'b ocTajrEHMxii Kffurt cb. nncaeiH, nocKoaBKy 3th khhts 
KacaioTca pejierioaewxi. aaKOHOBi* h o<5pfl;;oB'B ', bbkohm^^ o(J- 
pasoMt HeaocTaTo^HO (Shjio ;iJifl HOpMHpoBaHia 6oji*e padBHTot 
pejiHrio3HDfl acBsen eBpeficKHX'B noEojitaift, mmBmisTb 1500 — 
2000 jitT^ nocjit npopoKOB'B Bi. BaBOJioHicr h IlepciH, npff ca- 
BepHieHHO EHofl o6cTaHOBKt, qtMTb Hx^ ;(pe6Hie npe;[EH bit Ila- 
jiecTBH'fej TtMi Conte, TTo BectMa MHorie saKOHbi MoHceesu 
BupaseHH jiOBOJibHO H6onp6;i,'feji6HBo B^E apxaB3MaMHy craBinfrMH 
BnocJi*;icTBiH HenoeflTHHMH b noceiiy TpeGyiorB ^jiBscadmaro 
onpejttjieHiff h TOJiKosaBifl. K'l TOMy, hm^a bi BH^y npoBSBO- 
jm^h nponaraH;i;y ne tojibko irejKj^y opeiEHHikrB ceKiaHTaMH, ho 
n M6s;iy paBBBHCKBMQ 6BP6HMH (oTHMH']^ BasMBaeEEiiuir pa66a* 
HHTaMH), AflaHi*, KaK'E Ha;;o5Ho najiaraiLj cqexajii) OoJite dJia- 
ropasyMBMM'B ne 6biTb nocjit;ioBaT6JibH&iM^ b^ GBoeMi> maBHovB 
npBH^anlj h eb caamKOMi* y;^ajiHT!>cfl ott paBBHHCKaro iy^aHSifai 
B'B ^6H'B OHii onBTB'TaKH cj[t;^0Bajii> npBH'fepy Henocpe^cTBeHHO 
npe;i[necTBOBaBniaro ewy epeciapxa A(Sy-Hcbi* Bee bto jryqnie 
Bcero BHjfCBfleTCfl B3X pascMOTp'feaifl KapaHMCEaro Gnmdbuck*a^ 
Emuu Sanoumi AHaia, 

§ 2. B'B HacTOHn^ee EpOMB H6;!B3H cEaeaTB cb ^^ocxoB'bp 
HOCTBH), A*flcTBOBaJii» JIB Aeaaii npB cocTaBJieeiH CBOefi Knuiu 
SanoHoez raE^e no^i* BjiiHHieM'b onwra h pyEOBo;teTBOBaJica jih 

OHT. CBOBMH Ha^JiroAeaiflMEl Ha^^B 6e»yCIltlIIHOCTLiO HtBOTOpHXl. 

npe;^Hj(yn^BX'B ceETaHTOBii, cTapaBmexcB pe(|)opMEpQBaTB espefi- 
CTBO B% oUjierqBTejtBMOM'B HanpaBJieQLH, hjib me ocHOBaxeJiB na^ 
paBircTBa ;^epitajicfl cTporo ^acReTBqecEBX'B npaBEJiB h Epaflneft 
meneTHJiBBocTB B'B pejTHrioaHBixi. j^tJiax'B no cBoeiiy HH;^lIBa;^y• 
aABHOMy xapaRTepy e ho Bpo]K;^eHHofi HasJiOBHocTB — o^ho tojii»ed 
HaifB HBiei^ CB ;iocTOBi^pEocTBio ESB'fecTHo: Bcb, TaEii nasuBae- 



■ AsaRi, Bain> jbiaiiii huso, Be M,%i^n> SERasoi pasHinu MexAT Hsn- 
KEiMleii^ H KBHraME npopoftOBi. Ji ari(}rpa(|)0Bi; y j^pesiiii me paBBKHOBi aa- 
cToauiBM-b iCTo^fliEOMTi 8aK0H0Bt;italii ciysijo nepBoe^ a ae nocii^^Hie, no la* 
BicTflOMf npafliiy: jreS' mS nSap nsio nun nn (rp. Xamm Ji, 10<J, tp, Ea6a 
HaMa I. 26, Tp. Httdda^ l. 23a) 



— 43 —^ 

WM oipa^daiomfe aaKOHW a orpaHH^rHteJiMbie o6pg;tw, B-fe- 
saMH HaKotTHBiniecii y 6BpeeBi> h Borae;iiine Bi coctaB^ pasBUH- 
CR&ro saKOHO^tareJiBCTBa, KasaJiHCb Abslej jtajieKo He;^ocTaT01fibrMli, 
H oHi. ycep;(Ho cTapaJica opuOaBifflTO Bce HOBwe m EOBHe orpa- 
HH^HTejibHbie saROHKt E B3o6p'&TaT& H0BU6 H soBue saDpeTU^ 
ivunb 1IT0 sadBb no aHaHHTcgoicy ToJiKy cTana BecbMa thsroS h 
exBa-JiB BosMosHoft ea ^(o^roe speMH j^hh ufkmro sapo^^a. Bi 
Bjowh MOHHo y6t;tHTbCfl Qaii cJi'6;(yioiaaro, ;iaji6K(> HenojiHaro 
ofiospi&Hifl 8aKOHo;^aTejibHofl ero jfbHTeJibHocTH b^ btomi> ea- 
npaB^eHm, 

§ 3, B-b cy66oTy AeaHi. He paaptmHJi'b Bbixo;(HTb ns% ;^OMy ji,jir 

KEROft-^bl TO HE Gbl^O HaA06HOCTH Sa HCRJIE0iieHi6M^ MOJIHTBH 

ecTecTBeHHbixi» Bjmji'b ^ 

Cy66oTaie Beqepa AHamiTH h ;^peBHie (^acTbK) raKHCB h 
HbiBtraHie BOCTo^HHe) KapamrH upomjijinB h irpoBOjiiiT^ b% Tf^n- 
Hork, npHqeu^ ^ame aa^RsceaabiH bii aflTHEiJiy fl,ueui> eat^H 
jtQiiSHU CbiTb noraraeHH *. 

Aeaa^ npe;inbicbiBaji'b saroTOBJisTb nanxyB'b nHTflni^yHeTOjibRa 
oa eaBTpaniHift cy66oTHifl ;ieHb, aaKi ;^*^aiOTTi pa66aHHTM, eo 
TRRse H Ha cJit;tyH)myio Ho^ib (cb cyOOoTbi aa BocKpeceHie) ;yia 
Toro, wa6br ae Ha^oOao 6Boa CQikmaTb cb oKOHqaaieit'b ey66aTHaro 
npaBAaHKa s. 

ynoTpe6JieHie Mflca ^oMamearo cKora nocjt* paspymeaifl 



* Cm. eoH, iiy p Apoaa Haitoitaaio, i« 31(5: »^»t ia» ^5 p'a pj? i^^i-i lan 
nsi noiam r-jton n^a ina iS pio Hin "tafM^ rohh ih ■j'nni viwi oipo Kin i»nnn 
;n:ap^S f*i!t Hinr cp. TaKS6 Iit'^m jiiim 6ama^«, 014. EenaToplB, 1. 29b, 

* KHBra aaKOHOBi AaiiHa: n^iij?2K ^3 S^k i»dht mn »im»a ni;r2KST nion »m 
njiiSo Sj nvjrn uh 2n3\ rK njran kS xitsni ana nnanra n*par*o*7 *o*t i^csr K*?ino 
*qpo itW^D rta S^nnKT a;j Sjf i*t nrj?f\ kS na a»nai nanSo nc iKna irn |noi» in^im 
a^ 'yy s|H yij;2n hH ma a^na-j *05 r*»T n-nrs Sjr n« naHSoD Jiavia ^ya »na» KV*m 
Sa j^ai lejiw l^a pacfoS jS tom v'?'^ • * • •*3^i^ 'J'^ "^"^ »*^'^t *opo ^^^^^ it-nr^T 

•S»***wn unnn Saa unaB^a i*i\jr'aT k^u 
' Kfl. aahOHOBi Aaaaa: ^a inS itiSKp iWa iWan "wk n»\ ii>k innn ir*« nn 

He-oS ^5D*7 t^Tna *SiraSi no^t pina hd^oS n^pDH ^ai«nS> kdd*© xmVS jnnSii 'on 

'a urar 'pienSt nnarSi ^ror ^abi nnai^ ^SyoS pnS mnn ^wd iinar ^Sjtdd 'Strati 

.x^amoa xna^S v^^**^ >*h Knav 'piCKa 'Sis'aVi hb'o^ ra^K I'-ja^rH*? i«Sn j*a»n 



— 44 — 



iepycaiiHHGKaro xpaua^ noKa eBpen eblto^ibtcm bii HdrHaHiB, AaaH'^ 
cqjaTaJi'L sanpeiD.eBHBiiM'L, HCKJiioiieBie cocTasjiaJi'L tojilro ojieH^^. 
Kpowb Toro, oHi> sanpen^ajiTj TaKsce ynoTpeOjiflrB bii nnii^y KypT>, 
n*TyxoB'B ^ H BOoCme BCflKyio nTHi^y, npo^'b rojiyCeft h ropjiHiX'B *. 
TaRHM'L o6pB30M%, cHflTie AHaeoMii saepeTa orb coButcTflaro 
yiioTpe6jieBiH HHca h MojioKa (^'^ni lai) osaaaJiocEi coBepmeHHO 
CeanojieaHbiMii ji,o npHmecTBiH Meccln. 

OceoBaTenB KapaHMCTsa oTfiepran'L ycTaeoBJieHHfaie B*k paBBEH* 
CKowb aaKoHoMTejibCTB* pasMlipw h KoiBqecTBa (omy^c^) aanpe- 
niOHHiiixit B6ii^ecTBi>, M6HBine KOBxi^ aaepenb Be QMl>eT% H'facT£i 
(mioiinum); no loaaptHifo AHaHHTOBii, MajsMmie aTOMu eej^OB- 
BOi[6HHaro Bii umuiY Bxo^^HTir Bii cocTaBi aanpeTa HapaBH*]^ c^ 
60111010111, Ko.i]a^ecTBOMi>, TaRi* ^to MajitflmaH Ranjifi sanpen^en* 
Haro BemecTsa, oonaBinaH ei, (JeaKoeeiiBo BejiBRoe ROJinqecTBa 
;to8BOjieHHaro b-b nemy, npeBpamaexs ^ocIt'fc;^Hee Bt Bero;iHoe 
AJtfl ynoTpe6jieHiH. Pbbbbhbi, RaKii BSBtcTHo^ oope;;tJifliOTi» mt- 
nimttm ^aa aanpemoHBbii'fc Bemefl (d^t^DD irm ,r^&iv^f rrrwvf^ ^rn^) *, 
Bt, npoTHBonono:KHocTB BTOiiy AHaHii yTBepffi;^aiI'B, ^to ecjiH f 
T*Jia oa^ajiH (n^33) He XBaTaeTi, xotb o;i;Horo fUfeBa^ to sto rfejia 
yjKe He HM'feeT'B RaqecTBa He^iHCTaro ^. 

Ho AeaHy aaopemeHH j^pyrie onptcHOSH bi. nacxy, KpoMt 
HsroTOBJieHBHX'L MSii aMMeHHoft MyEB, a ynoTpeCjafliomift Muuuy 
Hai nmeHHijEofl MyKH Bce pasHO KaKi* 6w oHt ynoipeOflJi'B khc- 
jiHi xjiMii BJiH KBacHoe (pn), t, e. ohi* ^o;^BepraeTca Hcrpe- 

^ KBpffflcasB nni3i6i* 3«fi3 0T;^. XII, a, 33: h^Shji^h *d DnS*?»« D^"inn2 itinan 
piAen pSj? kd'jb ^Kp .oiaSawn T'^ri aKns'uK Sipa py jnn«i3 .♦.jsr ninj^M ort 
jfi^Ji ^fi ti^ qS ii7w*?»I5 [ t'^^in^ ] n^^n 'nsi Sani DnS^K Cp. Bams^t m'Sii nmit 
1. 65a. 

• HfoBi a. PyCefli -wj^n -sid y HiBCKeps, II, 84: m idk Kr» pj^ 't 

• Kb. laK. Aflaaa: np^\ m ^sji s^nsi '3*3DVi *arD -nS nSona iS tdk ^*\^ Sai 
wmj?a nSij?S p^Sdi fnatrje «Si ...mSij? Sri itnian ejipn bsci niinmn nonsn Vao 
'S'iBtt? hV^k mDij?a Tina kSt n:jnv'i* ia:i-jp n'?!]? B|ij?n p eski a^nan ^avoi ^rscro kS'h 

.niS^j? SyM ninai r^iyn Sso kdh ttpi *:vi 
^ npoTBBii ycT&ioBieHBUxi. pofiiBBaMfl pasiilipoBi 1 RoiflqecTBi noievEU- 
pjDTB Bct ;(peBH)e KapaiMCKle DicaTeji. 

• Cm. HHKoiiefllo b* r^p p i, 996b; Bamaiii ^n*S» nnn j. 70b. 



— 45 — 



<fjeElio (ma p;^; Hciojtb XII, 19) K CeeprL cero, obi saupd- 
majTB neiiB onptcnoKH bii neqK'b^ tek^ KaKi^ no ero MBtsifio, 
Hx% cj[it;[(yeTii nenpeM'^HHo sapaTB ea ofh*]^, no cpaBHeHiEO cb 
nacxajiEiHofl sepTBofi ^. 

Kpoirfe yooiisHyTHTB b% BH6iiH nocTOBX, AnaHi. ycTaHOBHJrt 
leiite cJi'l^jiyioniie: ceMH;^ecHTi[;(HeBBbift nocTi» (!), HaqBHaa e% 
13 ^acjia ictcfli^a Hucam no 23 ^bcjio M'ficHi^a Cueam ^ 

JI,ByxAHeBHuA nocn» &*& opad;(aE£i> UypuMz (xopom'B npasA- 

Ce;(siioe ^hcjeo Rasc;(aro M-feOHixa; o^ocHOBaHie droro nocra 
^(OBOJEBHO sypBesHoe ^. 

BecBMa ;^ajieRo aameJii* AeaH'B B'b CBonrB nocTaB06.ieHiBrB 
OTBocBxejiBHo ofip'fesaHiH ;^tTefi, KaK'B BHABO HBi cjrtAyH>n;ax'& 
npHif'ipoB'B: 

06pib8aHie ^ojisho 6htb coBepmeeo HCRjiK)^BTejiBHo hohhb- 
UdMM ; ynoTpe(5;iflionyfl se m^ aroro oCpfl^a ;^py^oe opy;^ie no;^- 
mpraercH cuepTHofl KasHH (BHaqjiTB AaaHx myTHTB ne Jiio- 



.jrTD3 *?3K ip ruKSD Cp. UiKOMeAlo HJ? 1^ -I. ^6b; Barnaul n-nt* j. 39r. 

* K&pKMcaaH, oTj(. V, n, 5: in nouSw j?d Sm'?»t ^u ^3i' n^jK i»ooSk jk dj« 

,.*!Ur6H 'C -|71 133' |K HA^ hSi 3K33W3 .T3» IKaW »Ss? S^^JJO^ t3^ ^nW nSoSui 

*nic*?i« *h^ 3i»33 p2* t>* ^^ nnD*?« ^Sl3D thiSk Cp, TftKxe Bamaii nmw, j, 39r- 
i^ •« p9r> r.^'^n Cp. ra^acn, *yt^7\ ^2Vit ai4)afiHT]» 246, 6yKBa "i;5amfl<iH n*iiii 

JL iSB. 

* KapKBcaHH TaM^ se :n^;iD^ii «Q\' oit 3Jt>N% nosABtfimiEii BapaHiiCKBit^ ni* 
cateaaMx aro HBHSBtcTBo. 

^ RipsicaBi, TaiTb xe: nnv Ss p yiKoSit oi^ 3J)iki; bi> 17-ofi rj. II ota. 
RipBtcaai roBopiTb: nS^p ^^^ hSt ^d iSijr [n^wni^xi ik3H3?] cnaK (E3eK.XLV, 20) 
1^1 ^ •li^D iSwp n^in HH Dmft3\ n*D nSipi »nBo\ n;tw r^KO rina n^sra nvj^n pi 
ifewp .a^ncDH Di» iri n'jK PiKD^H inrSn ^B niry ov 'c S^p ttD S»30 'Sp iic3 ritsfiS 
ts 1 CI' iit'*t |K3 n»6 Dii»'7>« 3J' cniDS H't S^poSi* pskoSh inrS>« 'c '^ nv |k3 hdS© 
n'c citron 3:t* onicai n^c S^poSn inr^K (t. e. ycoTpeCjeaie cioio Dnn»3i yKasu- 
saen BA uocTK, no aaajorlE oh on^cs qi^ t)« 

* Kh. saa. Aeaua: liMi nnnn S^ n^XT oniv nmn ^3 pnS inun rv\ n^vi 
>nu ^»tn '3 Smoii x*?t 'j^noi jMon on»i Kp n^ar Sk^w* '33 m 'md 3in nciis S^pv 
! lioH/i^D 3«nno t?nti Cp. KupsHcaaH, TaMi»e; ra^aci '^stt^H aa^iaB, 301, CyaDa'y; 



- 46 — 

IIpQ coBepmPHiH oOptsanifl hboOxoahico cnepsa npop^aavb 
opAy {r&\v, praeputiuiu) csepxy bhhs'b na ab'& ^acTH, a sa- 
T^ifb cpibaaTB CHaqajia HaBepxy, a noTOMi BHHsy ^ IIo coBep- 
meHiH o5p%3aHiH HeoOxo;i;Buo ynoTpefijiflTk (aojubho 6ijtb, jifla, 
saj^epsaHiH KpoBOTeqeeiH) jiwb nOwioTHflHua TpflnRn, 6oJibinyK) h 
xajiyH), CB MiiH;iaJiBHiiiM'B MacjioMi. Ecjih se npn oCpi^daHiH He 
6ujio co(}jiio;(eHo o;iho hsti dTHXB ycTanoBJieHift, to ifaJibqHR'B 
c^oiTaeTCji Heo(}pi&3aHHbiMi», noRa Ha;^!! ehmb hb coBepmaTB o(JpHA% 
BTopH^HO cb co6jio,^eHieM'b Bcero 3Toro. To^ho xaKace oGp'^^saHie 
HeroAHO H TpeOyeicfl ero noBTopeHie, Ror^^a oho Oujio coBepmeHO 
TaRHMB JSHniOMTi, npH oGptsaHiH Roero h6 6biJiH co6jiioa6HBi osHa- 
TOHHBifl npaBHJia ^. KorAa oCptaaHie 6uBaerB y coBepmeHHO- 

JlliTHflrO, TO 3T0 AOJiaCHO npOHCXOAHTB HenpeM'bHHO BB OAHHHaA- 

AaTBift ;^eHB Micima '. 

Bb o6jiacTH Banpen^eHHBixB GpaROBB (nvi^;) AnaHB npeBSo- 
meJiB BcibxB eBpeficRnxB ceKTanxoBB. PyROBo;icTByflCB HeyMibpeHHO 
paBBHHCRHMH npaBHJiaMn aHajioriH Orico no fTm mn i^p'T\)j OKh sa- 
npeu^aJiB 6paRn cb poj^cxBeHHiiRaMii BctxB ynoiiAHyTUxi bb 



HHKOMeAio, YW p J. 162(3; r>anifl<iH rrnvt, n, lOOa. Cjobs AeaHa mskh^d ^'^htd 
XpeBHie KapaHMu, ueasAy npo^HMH A6yjiB(i)apa;(si OypRaH-b, noHHMauTL Bisaa- 
«ieHiH: oHh nodecpzaemcH cMepmu (TaKi) KaKi ohh nepeBo;(flTi no-apaCcu: 
^np^M pnno'); ho Mut Kazerc^, ^to nepaoHaqajibnuS chucxb npHBOAeHHiixib 
cioBi: OHh o6ji3aHh fwenioptanb (odptaaaie) h, tto cjtAyerb HHTan n^^na (ui 

* Kh. 3aK. A II ana: ^h ^kib^ <5n rn Son ii^nan ^nnnS 'kS^5?o nSiy^ nf? ipoM 
^DiSrS nAij?n nn^TT n)?:^^ nno ^kS^vd wpccn ^SinriK ^jrm nynj S« niSii?n ryaji 
•Kin ]nm Ka»S mSiyi mSnj? xnp kdk wpn nnatn ^c^.t3« ]nn jnnS 'nnnS n^pMDcS 
Cmugai 3A^b He coBctMi flceni; ho, bo bcakomi cziy^at, npHBeAeHHue aobo^h 
KypiesHU. 

* KapKHcaHH, TaMi ae: nn^i^i nrsa jKna ^^npna nann^SH 'd Soyno' ]»5 idki 
dS p nan^ p -jSn^i . s)SpK m:3? no k'iphSx mn ]o ^r ]r s)SDn job .iuSh \nr\ po 
.nwKna t^' JKnr,' s)SpH hx'h inc i'jt na Sj?d' PIhs6 (0T;^. V, rj. 6) KHpKHcaei 
YAa^Ho BoapasaeTb, qro TaRHMi oGpasom cam AnaEi h Bct ero npiBepseumi, 
xoTopue 6uiH oGptaaHu no paBBHHCKony o6pflAy) ao^shu CHUTaTLca Heo6pfc- 

SaBHUMH. 

KapKHcaHH, OTA. I, rj. 13: in»'?»i <d ytv nnK cr ^d aSKnSn n«ina a^urt 
•"iinv^M DH^M TMD ]in Bi RH. saK. AnaHa a Hamejn hhmoxoahob noATBepsAeBi^ 
ina rvh p»f?no nara Snan nS'cn iwr nn ih |BpT nS^oT 'a^cw or <mnD na kS^« 

H T. A- tivov wa^y-T 



47 



EHKaMH HX^ po^lCTBeHHnKOB'L, KaRl> UO 50ROBHMX JIBHiEifb, TAK'b 

E no Bocxo;(flm0ir% a uncxo^nm.mi'h jibbiemx^ h TasHMi» o6pa30M'B 
^esBMqa&Ho 3aTpy;(Hiiiiii sasjuo^eme 6paK0B^ uemjij ceMeflcTBaHa 
ceKTaHTOBij acBBiujaxi> Hb6o<iB[mmii oGn^aaaHB. 

OcHOBiiiBaflc& ea cBoeoGpaaQoifB TOJiiLOBaHm o;iHoro BBipaxeeiJi 
f npopoKa EseRiHJia (XVIII, 6. 15 :^3K**'7D^nnn bn), AHaHt 3a- 
trp€n](aTB coBTie cb OepeMeHBofl aceaofi ^, a ynoMSByTfad bi Taji- 
ifyA* dp. TOD J, 86a) fiJiaroqecTBBHft oOwqaft He coBepraaxL 
coHTiH ABeM'B AHaHii B03BeJi'b Ha GTeneHL (t)opMajiLHaro saape* 
meniji *, 

Hajierafl ea OyRBajibHiafi cubicji^ 6B6jiefic£aro BbipaneHiHi 
Tpo Bon. i^tJiBTeJifc HapaajiB {Hcxo;^^ XV^ 26: ^Hsn *n ^:ii ^a), 
ocaoBaxejii. sapaBMCtBa aaapeTHJH* nojBdoBaBie Bpa^iaHB b Me- 
^BsaMeHTauB! ^ Oai> TaKxe sanpeTSJii. saHflTie acTpoBOMiefl, 
cpEBHEBafl ee cii acxpojiorlefi. 

npocTOMy aKTy y(5ofl cKOTa, KOTopwft aKii* Bii TaiiMy;tB- 
necKowh 3asoHo;iaT6;iLCTB^ BBipasaetcfl JiaROHB^ecRofl «j)opMy- 
MoA: cKc-feiTB ;^03BO-^fleTCB ptSKa CKOxa* (pE3nic?'?5n)— AeaH-B 
9 HOB'fefiniee RapaBiicTBo npBxaiOT^ TopxecTBenfiocTL CBiimeH- 
Ho;(McTfiiH H sepTBoopBHomeHia bi» xpaif%, n Tpe6yK)T'b oti> p'fe- 
sasa BojmMmee profession de foi, xaR'b qro B3Jio:KeHie ;iorMa* 

TOBS fitpht HBJIBeTCB OdURHOBeHHO Wh £apaBlfCRo£t HBCBMeHHOCTH 

saiTB Bfkmio npBj^aTo^Boe B'b saROHaMii o6i> yGoi^ CROTa, Bnpo- 



^ Cv. oTpufiKEi >3i BH« 3aR0B. Asaaa, npeAcraaieBBue hbox) bi> 3*m^ ii3ai^- 
mm Gesch. der Juden Pperna, x. Yj (1S95), crp. 425—426. 

' Bsi cioBi KBpiBcasBf raui ze, mu yaaaem, itq btoti aanpen aa^H* 
Biarca no opomecTBiB nepBUxi Tpexi> Hici]i^e6i> OepexeBHocTa: ScMn'?t( ^eai o'^m 

• EiipEBcaBB, ifkWh se: "Hni^Ka pmojjSk mm. 

^ KapRBcaBB B^ oTpuBKt Hdi Toro Be co^BBefliH (bo MiCTa otpuBRa B^ co^. 
ma aex^BJi onpeA'fiJiHTt): ^a "ipV ^Si tji n^nw'?** Skophdrj sb'^k o^-mn n*33vSH |fc» 
nTii KcynoKSn om^ 2xoS« tn nSSn i»3 »tiKD \*7Hp *yit\'\ 'n *3«< Cp, Baa. Tain., 
ip. Bipaxomh^ J. 106.^ Tp. flecaxuMQ^ 1* 56a, rA'^ TBKoe Bosap^Bie npHnacti- 
Baerca iiapio EseKla, oABaio Tp. Bepaxomh^ i. 60a, hcbo npflaaaeTca ;io3BQje- 

Bid a01i>30BaTiiCfl BpaMBMB B Me;iBI\iHOll, B BSBiCTBO^^TO paBBBUU Bctxi. BpesieB'b 

jcppABo aaaBMBjBCb Me^Hi^HBCKoii HayKoii. 



— 4b — 



qeM-B, EhKb yBz;^gM'B HHHe, TyTt B'fepoflTBO HrpaJia HeMaioBax- 
Hyio poJit ;^oKTpHHa o nepecejieHiB ;^yni'B nvyjieU He tojibko 
jtpyrBX'B :ifo;;e&, ho Tasse bi> ffiEBOTHbixi>. 

ynpeRH H ciopEqamH, a^^pecyeMue j^peBHe-RapaEHCKHMH ea- 
caTejisifH kij pa66aHHTaMi> 8a to, tito ohh He;tocTaToiHO ocTepe- 
raiOTCH HH0Btpii8Bi> H HX'B EymaHifl ', ysaauBaiorL na to, ^to 
AnaH^ H ero nocJit^^oBaTeJin mjin ropas^^o ^ajrbme jipeBHHz^ 
paBBOHOBi. oTHocHTejiBHo OTqyffi;teHia oti* BH0B*1kpii;eBi» h anonjie* 

MeHHHKOBl>* 

§ 4, 5^ ace HSt dtofo KpaxKaro nepeqea, KOTopBifl ;iaJieEa He 
HCqepnaeTt npe;^MeTaj ;ierK0 ycMoxptTB KaKt omii6o^Ho ma'^JiOB- 
Hoe BOBsp'feHie, rocno;^CTDOBaBnie6 j{q H6;iaeHHro BpeneHH (^acTbK) 
rocnoACTByioiiiee h noebiHt) jiKme b-l y^eeoMi. Hip'!^, Ha Rapaex- 
CTBo KaKt Ha pecJ*opMy, npe;^npaHHTy!o ji^na otSjierqemH 5p€ireHH 
TaJiMyAH^ecKHrB BaKOHOBt, BOSBp'ibHie, ^tocxaBJiHBtnee h ;^oeTaB- 
zawmjQe KapaHMCiBy cHMoaTiio h 6jiaroBOJieBie ci» o;^Hofl cTopoHBi 
Bctx'B HHcaxejieft, coqyBCTByromax'B petiiopMaMi. Bt iyflaasMt 
(RaK^ HaBp. locTa, Feflrepa, h OTqacTH Fpexqa, co BctMH hxt» 
HpHBepffieei^aaie), a cb ;^pyrofi — Bctxt Ce3co3HaTejrBHWXi> HeHa** 
BHCTHBROB'L TajiMyAa Bst HpeAyt>^2RA^HiH B Bpa%;(hi k% eBpeBM^* 
Etc Bsyiiaen> RapaHMCTBO no He;iaBHo-OTKpiiiTMM'i> nepBona^ajiB- 
HBiHi> HCToiHHKaM'b xoponio 3HaerB, ^To ABaH'b BM'lJi'b noj[Hoe 
npaBO o5paTHTfcca hi. pai56aeHTaM'b co cjoBaMB Pexa6aeMa (Po- 
Baaua; I— III eh* I^apcTBi XII, 11. 14): cOti^h ofipeMBHflJiE 
Bact THmKBHt eroifB, a n eiae opB^aBJiEo k^ Bameny zry; OTUfi 



^ Ck., Hanp., cioBEL Cari£ (7 llsBCBepa ni^a^otp >»^pS II| 32): «jm f*m 

jmnao on '3 oneim m\^v^h nnwm tana irn 'n di? *a%i3oi c^pm id r^ ^ ptarm 
n*^3 Q^ram d^Ssih D»r:K onjin ]o orroyi nmirSi Sii^S r\2vn ova Sniffs ^fa ^k nm^ 
nan ivim ^aao onoj? D^a*ij?nD on) nnrcn (BftpoHrao, HaiieRaeTca aa to, itTo npo 
CUB0B1* AapoflOBUii CKaaaao [JleBart, X, 1]: hit b>h ia*ip*i) kSi hk^* »S"ii in© 'Sa 
HTin a ;j. T, a t, h. Jtajtme Taut roDopHxca: 0^511 S«^{p^ *eDW mpo^ iin>« kS ym 
o^WiADi D*i*^yn» D?i iB-K Drrm*7t3i on*p\Sro oon'jD D*un pwa ooipi cnSw oSnjra 
y*iT nitpDi eiptPK i^Ki *Dn»niai tacron cipon ^irnr^ *»*? nifn* ^*3a c^awi Bn*n3n 

DittVM o^BTpan o*pnoo n^o Sd one c^aipi CMjn pw hm n^jjon Hiip nnn d'h-^im 



— 49 — 

BbisajtH Bac% naJisaMfi, a h 67^7 HaRa3EjBaT& Baci» cicopiiio* 
BaMfli* 3alfiTBlf^| ^to no TaJuryAaqecRot pejiHrioseofl CHCTeii<& 
espeH sain THeH<i6JitTifl e sBsyrB en^e; no CHCTeMib se AsaHa 
BeHuciifltfo 6hijo ycTpoHTLCB ifaJio-MaJtBciUEr chocho B6-acReTaMii* 

^'bftCTBBTeJlEiHO, DpflMHITB UOCJl'hji.CTBiBWb yqeaifl n MtpOBOSBp'kSLa 
AHaHHTOBli BBEHmh qpeS'b HtCROJUiEO BOKOJI'bHifl HOJtH'l^ftinifl 

acReTKSM'b H oKOHqaTejiBHoe oTpe^eBie otb iiipa cero TaR^ na- 
BUBaeMMZTi neuajhuuKoez Ciona (p^ '^^^k), ^6H^ p'hm> y 
nact (SyAex-B Bt cjitAy^omaxi* oqepKart, 

§ 5« ?T0 BcacaeTCfl oTHomeHiS Aaaaa r'b paeBHCRoiry saROHO- 

laTeJETBCTBy, na CR0JILR0 3TH OXHOmeBifl BblBCHfllOTCfl Edli AHaBOBOfl 

iu%u 3aK0H06%f TO TyrB secLua saM'bTHo ;^oBRoe npotBBOiiO' 

loe Te^6Ei8. €*& ojsmqA cTopoHM, B63;^i& y ocHOBaTeJiB Rapa* 

iCTBa bh;(ho CTpeifJieHie oTcrynaTb oti* ;ipeBH6-eBpeficKHXii 

^CTaHOBJteBift, OCDflIIieHHbIXl> paBBHHCRHMX* SaROBO^^aTeJI&CTBOM'By 

TaEi EaRi» K'B Toiry obi* Omjui opHHya[;^ea*B oficTOHTeJtBCTBaifH h 
BTh 9Towb B6CB raldoii d^Stre ero exBdMEj; cii ;ipyroft se — bbso 
BMCTynaeT'b nojraoe ero SescHJiie coajtaxs qTo jih6o EOBoe, MaJio- 
xaiiBCKH pauiosaJiBHoe a ycntcoHo satftHBioii^ee paBBEHCRoe sa- 
KOHO^^aTeJibCTBo, 663Cfliue, sacTaB^Bioii^ee eperiapxa Bpaii^aTbCH 
Bce B% aaRoaj^DBaHBOMi) Rpyry paBBEECRBXi> saROHonojioHeHifiy 
paBBEECKEXi» o(5pHAOB'B H Boo6n;e Bi* paBBEHCRofl pejieriosBoft 

aTllOC({)ep^^ EaRlk BBJI^BO ESI* EHSSeCJltjltyfOEIlEX'B npB&ftpOBl^. 

IIpaBj^a, ^^o oTqacxE oh'b terii nocTynaji'Bf EaE'B 5epIJIo saMtqeBo 
BBune, B'B BflAaxi> iiponaraH;^u cpe^^a pa(S6aEET0Bi) ; ho Bce-xaRE 

H6JIB8B OTpHi],aT& TOFO oCCTOflTeJIIiCTBa, QTO Ofiia^alt 0H3 OpETH- 
^HBIMl H CaMOCTOBTeJTBHHM'b yiTOMl,, TO 3T0 H6ap6M'6BaO OTpa- 



nan *?» )'ipTn .d^Ssim oni ni 01? aipno nn na n^a noinifn nws r'?!? inwn inn3» 
VU1D DiTnat "1^^iS1 iid»'? mtsn *ii2 '^nw va^rvv n;o nvp\ .ni^a^ hdk jKjn *)p3 

OTBocrreif>Bo koxi, npio6plTaeMux^ y vBOBtpaeBi, ^to6i> qbcati* aa eaix KflBri 
Ce. Uacftsta, en. KHpiHcaaii, ran^ se, CTp. 2fi9. 

4 



amtocb 6bi Ha ero xBopeHiE^ trk'b khk'b hu BBAHifBi oro 
uysRE Easi> Hanp. CaaAin, MaftuoHeA^, h ;ip., zot^ ohh CTOATb 
Bcei;*feJio Ba OQiiBt paBBHBHSMa^ ycntJiH o^eaKO, o6HapyHETb 
cBoeo(3pa8Hbifi TajaHTi) h b^ o^JiacTn aaRonoB'fe^i'feHiH. Ha^eeifB 
c^ Toro, wo opyjiieMt ;i;iifl iisBJieqeHia peaerioBHuxib saKoaoB^ 

HBl) TeRCTa CB. IlBCaHiH H J^Jia MOTMBHpOBamfl 8aEtfCTB0BaHHMX'B 

oCpa^oBii Anaey ciiyaciiJiH aKsereTHqecKiH h HOMOEaHOBBqecKia iipa- 
BHja» HBB'i^cTHiiiii B'h TajiMy^^E^ecRofl JiHTepaTypt dox'B HaaBaHieir& 
<13-H— npaBBJit P, HsMaojia* (*?kj;cd^ 'nmiDj''^), bokjtohhmx'b. 
Bi> pa66aBHTCKifl MojiHTBeeHER'B \ Uo npn stom'l AHaHi> o6hkhc»- 
BeHHO He co6ji[0;E^ajf'& paByMEOfi yutpenHocTE h ocTopo^HocTE i 
nacTO AOBOABJii> 9TE opaBHJia ;^o RappeEaTypHocTH. TaREM*^ oGpa 
soifip npaBEJio oO'B aeajioriE cjeobii e BMpaseHiJt (pIid nnn)} koto* 
poe paBBBEbi orpaHEqEBajLH esb'I^cth&iiiiie Tpa;iEii;ioHHuifE cjiy q: 
(i:no n^3p p d« k'^k nw niij p oi» )^k), AHaa-L ynoTpefijiaJn. ne T( 
fiesii BCEEaro orpaHnqeeiHy ho en^e pacnpocTpaeEJTL ero ;(o aaa 
Jiorie CyEB%, t. e. eciE b% xeECTt cb. nEcaHm npE Eszoseniii 
Jt.BfX'b SaKOHOB'B MaiO^^ETCH XOTE oj^Ha o;;EuaEOBaE CyEBa^ TO 
csfkj^yeTT>j no ero he'I^hiio^ cqETaTL oBeaqeBEHe saEOEM anajio^ 

rE^HMHE BO B&kTh Q0;[^po6HOCTHX'L, E CEaaaEEOe OG'L 0AH0111> Edl. 
HEXt OJlEHaKOBO OTBOCHTCfl E El. Jl^pyrOMy. 9tEM% nyTeiTb OH^ 

qacTo ;i(oBo;iErE osHa^eeHoe HOHORaHOEEqecEoe npasHJio ji^o aO* 
cypja *. TaEyio Ke 3KCTpaBaraHTH0CTB mm BB^EifB y AEana 



rod^^ 
3 aff&« 



^) HpaBBia ni9 mia^ idvti ^p ,:2if |'32 BCTp^^aiDTCfl bii Kb. 3aK0B0B% ABaHs ga 
iMtjiom nary; npaBiao o bibi ^'ja yeoitifiadTca y KupKicaHH b^ noieuiKt c% 
Abuhoui. (cm. MORSludien u* MiUbeilQngen ^. Mj crp. 44, spBM. 119).IV]oBcal 
Barnaul b% csoetft coq. nvo nee QpeBOAHTii orLimeBH AaaBa oicim ^ ciiAyosaetc 

nrnD miDn ifir H\iBf novj? mn pv b^ n*iiD« nan m cm .rdn na *idki; o npaaaii 
mr mt:! y joro ae Bamaw aaio^iiiiK nMt nan niro *?*! m*?:in ri«i pj? 't noit 
nm o^oSwn ni\n nut Ksn avisi nnaoSi nSis?^ nn^nn nKt a\n^ rytyn j^^a ^S"? 
no nuDtD E|M iSeariii nnj? nA:ia o^«ny un f »* njnyn ^r^ai nmoi nf?i3? .no .atn 
en*i>Dt?a D*3"n ii>t j^kt mSaa iSosna an; npu an paa HaxoflHii y Toro »e necaTeia: 
«tciMn niS 7^)f '^n noia pi init a\n3P aK r^^o jipefiflixii KapamcKax^ aiTopais 
Carjii, Ie(j^eTt a Fajtaci c«. rpetna Geschlchte der Joden, t. Y, 3-© nnjk., crp. 
432 (pycCK. nep. crp. 402—403). 

^ TaKii aanp. yaou^ayTOd Bume f§ 3) sanpdmeaie cfl^tri^ vh oarfli^j Be- 
^epom npa cBirb sajuaeBHiiixi xaevik cat^eii aanpemeale aa^MCTBoaaHBoe Aoa* 




npu yooTpeCjieBiH paBHEBCKaro Ho&roKaHOHH^ecJcaro npasHJia 06% 
aHaaoria no cymeciBy (ij^VD no ,e^n) h ;tpyrifxi HOMaKaeoHH* 
^ecsHxii E aKdereTHqecKHX'B npaBHJix, bsatuxi ocBOBareieifB 
npAHMCTBa y pa56aHBTOBi>. 

J^peBHtflmie paBBHBH ynoTpe6;iHJin Ea6jito;ieBifl HOBOJiyBiH j^sB 
OBpeji^JieBiB ea^aJia MtcaiieD'b h ro;iBqflMxi> npasABBicoBii. Ha 
yxe BO BpeMH BToporo iepycajiHMCKaro zpaHa, Eor;ta espeficRUi 
o<5mHebi 6HJIH paBCfeBBbi no Bceny jiBi;y H3Bl;cTBaro Tor;ta Ma- 
TepHsa *, noTpe6oBajiocL saM'^eoxb nepBoGuTBuft cBoeo6i> ea- 

folDj^eHIB HOBO:!yHlH, npH KOTOpOMT> EeBOSMOHBIiI 6MilB 6hl 0^- 

HaROBoe BpeuHc^BCJieBie h o;iBoBp6M6Bfloe npasj^eoBaBie npaa;;- 
HH&oBii BC'I^Mi efip6dcKititi> sapoj^oMii, 6oE^e pauioBaJibBBiMii cno- 
eo6oMi> acTpoHOUBqecRBrii BuqeeieHifl, KaROBoil pecpopH^ npOTH- 
BBJiHCb caMyKCB H (5o8Tocmw. AHAHt^ cjit^tyfl ca^uyK^flMTbi 

B(^CTaBOBBJIl> AP^BHe-paBBBHCKytO npaKTBRy Ha$JIT0;(6BiH HOBO* 

jrfHifl H BM-fecTt CI TtMii 0Bi» 3anpeTHJl^ SaHBTiH acTpoHoifieft 
BOo6n^e« opHpaBBH&aB acTpoHOMBqecKyio eaysy R'l aanpen^eH* 
Hoiry MoHceeM^ 8fi'&3A0?6TCTBy Hau^ecRBXii HapoAaBi» ;ip6BBflro 
BocTORa! 

Jl^nn ypaBBeBifl BpenHc^BCJieBiR no aynHBiM'B M'^cHf^aMii c^ 

aCTIN>H0tfHq6CRBtfl» CqHCiE8BieHli no COJIHeilHblM'b rO^aM^ paBBBHKI 

ycTaBOBBita b% H3BibcTHbj6 npoMeacyTRH BHcoRocHBie ^o;^u cl 
npB6aBoqHbiv'& uicnnjewb BToporo Adapa^ nocji-fe^BHro iclcfli^a 



B'b tescTi aanpeaxeatfl seHb oroHB bi» €|l56ory (vk np^n itS) BaxoAUTca dysBa 
n {mae^), iiojto5Ho tohj vaBi* jKasasaaH 6;KBa BaxoAHTca bi TeKcrfc 9aape> 
meaifl paCoraxii B^ cy66oTy {rx^vhn So nryr kS), r^t aaiuiJD^aeTca raKxe aanpor* 
npcjtoJUUiTb Bi cy660Tj Batiarufi bii nETHua,y Aseiii pa6oTy. ^to o6piaaBi]o noxie- 
MMTh rojoBsa praeputium'a AaaHii aaaw^aerii h3Ii Toro o6cTQ^TeitCT6a, ^to 
ti TeKCTt CB. IlHcasia aasoBi. oOpisaeia BupasaeTca cjoBaMB h^ai^ Sion (oti> EopBA 
Sc).KQTopufl opeACTaBJHiorkcxoACTBo ci 5B^ieJlcKEii'L Bypa»e&Ieux yhy^ nS^v vmst 
(KB. loBa XXI y, *U: h Ka»n» BepiymKa KOJioca obi cptawBajoTcii; oti itopaa SSd>. 
Oil j^pezAeHaoin> AsaBOirb nocTt 7*ro ^flcia KaacAaro ntcat^a, MOTHBiposae- 
■08% iioxo6hoio se aaajorieS^cu. Bume. 

^ paaMtpaiii TorAamBeS eBpeQcKott Aiz^cnopy cm* coq. Fepi^tfieiMa 
Haiidelaigeacbk'hte der Juden, Brauiischw. 1879, cip, 190 cj., 336 ci.; Fperna 
Gaschicbte der Juden, t. IH^ 4-6 asA^i Leipzig 1688, crp, 369 a ciiA- 

4* 



r-i 1 



jipeBBe-eepeflcKaro ro^^a; AHaHi>, npEHyacABHBbift noj^EEHThc 
8T0Mf paBBHscROMy y^peHj^eBlH), hbt* af^a oaao3Bi^iif Buicta^ 
Adapa ycTaBOBHjii> bhcokochbiA u'toM^h UleGamz^ npex 
meGTByiomia Adapy, KaEi bto 6wjio yEasano Bt iipe;t£j;iym6ft 
cxaTL'b *. 

MojiHTBCfl Ahehii npHRasaji'B cbobit'l npBBepsceBi^airi> b% oco($o 
XJiH aToro HaBQa^eHHoicii noMtn^emH, KSiWb y pa6daHHT0Bi>; ho 
BTO noMtn^eeie oeii b6 nasHBaji'L mnatotoit ehe MOAumeeHUhiM^ 
doMo.m (roj^nn^D^n^ennn^n), ho deopoM^ (n!fn), EoaceT-B Cmte Ha 
ocHOBasiB eBoeo(5pa3flaro TOJiKOBaiia ct. 64-ro VIII rji, I (lit) 
KH, IlapcTB,: imi Tin to -p^n u^p Kinn dvs 

Pa66aHETCEifi o5Mqalt BRJiK)qaTb ncajMBi /l^aBBjta bii eseji- 
HeBHBiH moj[htb£j noOy;cE[jiii Aeaea ycTaHOBBT& HCRJiioqErreJiBBoe. 
ynoTpe6;ieeie ncajiMOBi, ^nn mo.tibtbt», h BwtcTo o^^Horo Gcajuca 
Ha Kas;^bi3 ^^eei* H6j;*6jih, KOTopyft paBBBHCRie eBpea qeTaiOT^ 
npB yTpeBeefl mojihtb* {nr bis tk?), ocHOBarejib KapaEMCTB^ 
ycTaHOBBJii» qniaTb vixh wh 6yjiHE no xi^a b'e ;(eHB> yTpoHi> a 
BeqepoMi), a wh ji%nh Hoearo Mibcjii^a n opas^tHaRoBii oei. Haana- 
qEJi-L ncajnoMt LXXIV, ROTopHfl 3aR.iH3qaeT%, no MH-fesiio AnaHa^ 
CTHXH, HanpasaeHBhie npoTHBii pafSdaeHTOBii! *, Ho ooBOfly ecrjiio* 
qBT6JiLHaro yiiOTpe(^i£6Hifl ncajiHt)B'& ;;jia mojietb'B coxpaHHjiacB y 
EEpEBCdHE iio6aoiiiTHaH nuJieMEKa npoTEOii oj^eoro pa66aHHTCEaro 
aBTopa (B%oaTHo CaaAin AjiB-OaSiouM). nocjit;iHifi, ites^iy 
npoqeicB, qpeboj^etb TaRse apryMeBTi», qxo xpHCTiase xaE^e 
iroJHTCH EB'L ncajiTMpH, E wtwh £6 Oy^^et'B OTJiEqaTiiCH espeft- 
CEafl MOJETBa? Ha axo EapaEHcRi^ oecaTeiiB BoapaiRaerL e py* 
raeTCH BecBMa cep^aTOj roBopn ', qfo TaRoi jtoBoxi* o6HapyKB* 



^ KapairiccKo-iipa^CKOMY Esatcriio, ^to AaaHi. ynoTpe^j^ii 06% BasBaQayxi 
vicjiqa Kairb BHCoROCHue, npoTEBopiiiTi* 4)0pMaji¥BQe jTBepsAeaie KBpsBcaBS 
061 BCRJEtquTeibBoirfc ynaTpe6ieHie Micflt^a llleOamh (Taiti se CTp. 313: epn 

* « KapKicaHfl Wh 20-3 rjt. VI ot^.: nntf^jK dhi i*r "jj^J nan© hi'ji'jSk dht how 
rre Sip^ mnS nitaS nmi btiSm rtoS igh^ S^dwd ni3?ii«^ri an i*a iH*p»tSii -t^nD yo 
ji^ruK envni* idip mt^k Sip*i fiMa hn nj^io So mir Kif^Hi -jnino ii^ipa in*»\Y laitr 
rm Sip' im khS jidk*?!? nopSit r\hyn n:» nnroj>»t ^n*?!! *iii'j?«'?K tS«tK omit -jSi ^syo 

* BoTfc cioaa KipBAcasH: ni*ti*Mi m^ o^^nn *S« Kr:i«"» i»«3 i*'! n'jip Mouft 



— 53 — 

*rii Kpafieee HertaecTBo h c^mnnmy cep&na^ h6o owh npa- 
^KBTh aprpieBTTi orb BeBtpHuxii epeTHsoBiy Kas'B fifAxo niTh 
iBBJieme (Eora) h nxi> mojibtbli mosho cqnTaTL HacTOfliABifH; 
OBK fi'6;i£» OTBepraiorb e;(BHCTBo Eosie! 

no MHtHilO paBBBHOB'b, ZOTfl p'l3Ra BjTH y5ofi CROTa ;^08B0* 

BcfeMii (i^jsmsr Sdh), o;tHaKo aanpemaeicfl nopyqaTt Bto jifkMO 
iVBHEy, cBBSbiBaioiiieiry a* stewl kktou^ RaRyfo-JiHOo EBht* 
Eyio pejiHriosByK) uepeHoaiK). ABaei) ace, RaRi> 6biJio saM'b- 
SBO yaie BBime, meJUi ropa8;(o A&JiBine h noTpe6oBajrb otIi Ram- 
;iro HcnojiHHTejifl axoro npocToro a^HTeficKaro J^tJIa noiaara h 
iio;;po(5Baro HcnoBtjJtMBaflifl Bctiii ;^o^MaTOB^> B'bpu. 

IIocTi» 17-ro Mtcjina TaMym (rionn iw nWB') pa(56aHHTOB'B 
AaaH-L nepenecb ea 9-e qncjio loro ae ntc^i^ay a BMtcTO pM* 
BHHCKaro nocTa 9-ro M*cflua ^(5a (3«3 npc^r), Bt naMBTb paB- 
pymeBia iepycaMMCKaro xpaMa, hm^ ycTaaoBiieaiii ^ea nocTHwrb 
AHii| 7*ro B 10*ro A6a, IIocjitAB66 ocHoBaHO Ha Bape^eaiH 
TajMy;ia *, tto 7-ro qacia BaBBJioHflHe bpohhrjh bt. iepycaiHE- 
eKifl xpaMi» H ryJOiUiB bi> He&tii ot'l 7-ro ;io 9*ro Be?6poM*b| 
irjta OBB ero no;(oacrJiH, b noscapii npo;iojisajicfl sect ;teH£i 10-ro 
icjm, ooqeiiy P* IoxaBaHi> BucRaaai!^, ^to ecJiB6i> 0Q^ npa- 
eyTCTBOBaji'b npe yqpeacAemn SToro nocTa, to ycTaHOBejit Oh 
ero aa 10-e ^hcjso, KorAa crop'fejia OojsBmaH ^acTB xpaifa; coBpe- 
lesBHe xe paBBSEEj np6;iiToi]jiH 9-6 qHCiio RaR^ BpeMH Haqajia 
^ecqacxiii (paapymeHis xpana). 

ynoMBHyTHfl Bt TaJiMy^ttJ ^ o6biqafl yooTpeGneHifl ;^JIfl sa- 



.-j'ntn'?** ^iiK 13? ^uiita am n»jSi onr.>iS» in n^:iDn TeKcrt Haqaja axoft noieMiKi 
plBeA€a^ m&oi) bi Studlea and MlttheiJiiDgea ans der Kais. Oeffetitl. Biblia- 
ek, s. V, crp. lOL 

Cm. Tp. Tanumh, i. 29a: "nrpa lonj naa ^vtif nrara loiS iwdk ^k H'ln^ 

3«n fe'nS o*iD3 15333 ns?sr3 iv^s »*n ny^vs "^oKi naa nnr "iirys lo^S i»ck 'm 
»i»n ^3 tSvii pSn HTn iikh riK u in-^in nD^c^nS iioo ^r»nt *3*D» *:?or is ^^^^^ 

* Cm. Tp. lUaCOamh^ j. 133a (MimHa); rani ae, j. 1316 (rawapa): 
j'w cittiDs n^Vj? "1113 '?2i» '131 po3i nu^BO^« n*Sj? p3ni3t 'lai nVa *s*i5t *73 rri]? 



g^gj 



I I 



— 54 — 

AepsRH RpoBOTeqeHiH nocjit ofiptsaeifl njiacTupn, ROMnpecca hjui 
noponiKa (ts)»icDi pc2 n^^^cD^K) npeBpaii](eH'B AeaHoifB bt» ofiflsaTeJib- 
HBitt saROHi, npBqeM'B bmi^ npHfiaejieHbi padJiBqeufl ^exajiH^ 
ynoMflHyTUfl Bume (§ 3), Bwhcxi co cTporoio MtpoK), qio npn 
HeHcnojiHeHiH o;(HOfl hsi* 9thxi> ;ieTajied oOptsaeie cqHTaeTca 

HeA^fiCTBHTeJIBHBIM'B H BFO Heo6xo;iHMO nOBTOpHTb. 

IIpu p'bdKt CRoxa pa66aHaTU Tpe6yH)Ti>, qxo^'B nepepibsajnH 
;^HxaxeJIbHoe ropjio h ^HI^eBo;^^> (CDaii njpj, a npa ptsR* hthi^'b 
ApeBHie paBBQHU ^^OBOJibcxBoeajHCb nepep'J^soMb o;iHor() HSb yno- 
Maeyxuxb qjieHOBi); P. lery^a fiapb HjiaH xpeCoBajib ein;e\ qxoO'b 
nepeptsaJiH y nxHu.b xaRace KpoBenocHbie cocy;iH (I'tiyi), h ero 
MH^Hie peROMeH^iyexcfl nosAH'feilniiiMii paBBHHaMH ^^ xoxa ohh dxo 
H H6 cqaxaioxb neoGxo^iHMbiM'b ycjioeieMb ^, AeaHb me, npHMbi- 
KiaH xaRse rii MH'&HiK) P. lery^bi, xpeGyexb jijie bc^xt* jrhbox- 
nuTb 6631 HCRjiH)qeHiH iiopeptsKH o6oHXb ynoMHHyxux'b qjienoB'b 
H RpoBeeocHbrxb cocy;i;oB'b, KaKb conditio sine qua non. 

Bb TaJIMy;^'b * ynoMHHaexcH fijaroqeexflBuft oCbiqafi, no ko- 
TopoMy He cji'b;iyexi> cosepmaxb coitus npn A^^BHOMb cb'^tI^; 
npH ycJioBiflXb me OTcyxcxBin cB'l^xa, xoxa n AHeifb, ofibiqaft 
8T0Ti> He HH'&exb Mtcxa ^. AHaHb npeBpaxHJib 9to Bb (|)op]fajiib» 
Hoe sanpen^enie, HeAonycKaH)ni;ee npHxoMb HnRaRHXb hcrjuo- 
qeHifl ^. 

JIjpeBHie paBBHHbi, cxapancb naxo^nxb onopy bii cb. Ilnca* 
hIh Tpa;(Qn;ioHHbiMb oGbiqanMi, onopy, xoth 6u h canyio Jier- 
Kyf0| wb BBflfb naMORa h RaRb 6bi ji;is naMflxn, AonycRajin ji^ia 
8T0fl jjfbjm saMtny o^hoS 6yRBbi ApyroH)^ cxo^hoh) cb nepBOft 
no npoHSHonieHiio, Meac^y npoqnsib 6yRBbi i (n) ci» x C^) ^. 



' Tp. XyAUHh^ I. 27a: r^^wn riK einw^w ny tom mw 'an 

* Tp. Eepaxomhy a. b6: .nnin* "13 ;nnia nntni 
' Cm. XyAHHh, I. 286 h KouaieHTaTopoBi. 

* Tp. Illa66amh, n. 86a: on^niBo pwotro ]'ki |n o^^np b>nBf' K3in an loit 

.Dva 

* Hanp., htH n^a bjib in'Soa S^eKo xani se. 

* KipBHcaHH, OTA. Ii rJi. 13 (bi Moem b3j|. crp. 313): pdjiSm [{kskp] tnni 

' Cm. iepycaiBMCKitt TaiMjAi, xp. /7^a ri. YI § 7, rp. Maacept-meHu ri. Y, 




O'J 



OcBOBbiBaHCB Ha drou%, AHaei 0Ho6p%TaeTB Honufi sasos^^ % 
If nno HOBopos;ieHHUd Te^ieHoiTB j^o 8 ^sefi ae no^pep* 
saKOHaMip eeqiicTOTt (bi* cjiyqat osojitBaHifl) h seAo- 
SBOjeHi Bt DHmy; 3to ohii A0Ka3biBaeT% itin. (jficTOErejifcCTBOMX, 
wto B'h cjioB* TOnan (ileBHTi XI ^ 39) nepBan (^yKaa % fiy^To co- 
BdkM'B HSAHmHH fl HaQBcaHa TOJiBKo ;^JiH Toro, qTo(hi yicaBaTb 
Ba ynoMaHyTBift 8-;iHeBBiiifl BoapacTi, TeaeHRa K 

§ 6. Bee BfcimeBsaoxeHHoe .^ocTaxo^Ho, Kaacexca, BMacHHeTB 
TeopeTHnecKifi zapafirepi* cxbshiiI AeaHa h ea oTBomeHia x% 
6iiiBmeMy CTpoio TpajtHuioaaaro iyieflcTaa. Epeciapxt BMctynHJiB 
ci» HCRycGTBeHHofi onnodHuiefl, ocHOBaaBofi Ha BecBira maTRRrB 
npHBi;nnax^, npHq6iii> aeaj^t y aero bh;iho cTpeiiaeaie no6aBaT& 
ffpoTHBHHKOfi'& Bx% coOcTBeHHfatf'B opyHieiTB, T« 6. ynoTpeOjiHfl 
ETh coGcTBeHHLia npaBHJia h npieBrbr, ho apa aToii-b oaii o6u- 
SHOBeaao Hepeca;tBBaerB a meaaerB dfaiTb plus rabbaDiste que 
les rabbins.. BfainieapaBe;(eHauH ^ cjioaa raoaa HaTpoaaa, ^to 
Ah&bi> cocTasBJii ceoH co6cmeeHHU%t npeepamnuil u ne^ 

^uU TuAMydz — coBpeiieHHaa EpaTima HosexB tojibrd 
llXTBep;caTB, Tasi> shkb aa caMoM'b jfbjit Ka. SaKoaoB'B Aaaaa 
th He 6oji*e xaKB ojoxaa KappaKarypa TaJiMy^a, KOTOpoiiy 
iacTapaeTcHno;(paHaTf>H bo BH'bmHnx'B (I}opMax'B, aii mu^^^Wh 
cjior'b H Bii cnoco6']& aajEoaceaia ;iio M6jiBqafi[naxi» aoApoCHocTefi '. 

Hbii Kaara SaEoaoas Aaaaa ao canaro nocjitAaflro Bpeiceaif 
SlGRi h3b^cthh tojibso BecBua HCMHoriH RopoTeHBKiH a aesna- 
^UiiejitBaBrH OyRsaiLBaBEH t^ataTH, a HMeHeo, y Ie4>eTa (Xacana) 
H6ffB-AjiH^, A(JyjiB({*apa;iffia Oypaaaa (leniya CeaB leryAa) a Co- 



I 

I 



§ Si Tp. Illa66ams rJ. YU § 1, B aapaaieibBua Micra, ysaaaHBUfl bx Moem 
Ca^- Altjudische Denkmaler aus der Krim, cip. 120, 283. 

* Bern* cjo&a Aaaaa ai iCa, SaKOHoai: is?i i*n n*3 ^ee nanan [TDin=] i*oin 

* Cm. nBocxojii** 3a (feap. 1897, ctp. 96-^97. 

* Ka. 3asoHOBi Aaaaa Baaacaaa TajMyAiHecKeM-b eapeficKo-apaiieltcKBn 
ampt^iiem, ci. npeoCjaAaaieiii apaiieicmaroj CBoeo6paaBO b^ aeil yaoTpefiieBie 
cjaaa Kait ao, ictt {qui CKaaaj'ii)^ no;(o6HO TOity bakx B^ TaiMyiii yaoTpeOjifi* 
jOTca Kc^K ,»toM ,i»o'n 

* Cm. HeftCayepa, Ads der Petersbut^er BlbJiolhek (.lefiiman.. 1866)^ crp, 106. 



Hi 



— 56 — 
jB[OMOHi> HacH ^, leryAU Ta^i^acH ^ h MoHcefl Bama^H >; Bci se 

OCTaJIBHfilfl I^HTaTBI OTb HM6HH AHaoa Bl> KapaHMCKOfi nHCBlfeHHO- 
CTH, KOTOpBIfl AOHUHib GBIJIH H8B'&CTH£iI, Ul^EBOJ^aTCB HB erO COfiCTBeH- 

HBiMH cjioBanH, TaRi> ^TO xapaRTepHCTHRt osHaqeHHaro coqHHeHUi 
H6 iforjio 6biTb H pib^a. Bo BpeMfl ifoero npeCBiBaHifl bi> Ernirrt, 
Bi> 1886 Tojijy MHt yxajiocB OTRpuTb HefiojiBinofi $parMeHT'b 
dToro coqEHeHifl, ROTopuB ;^o caxB nopi, rt» cosaJi'6Hiio, oc- 
TaeTCH Hfiicim ^; cb t'I^xb nopB h CTaJiB co6HpaTB GyRBaJiBHUfl 
niHTaTBi HSB KHHra SaROHooB bb ;i;peBHe-RapaE[MCRaxB pysonH- 
ciTXB Hmq. nyGjinqHofi 6a6JiioTeRa, h bb HacToan^ee BpeMfl jsxh 
yxe co6paHO mhoh) nspflAHoe ROJiaqecTBO, xaRB ^to, nojiBsyflCb 
dTHifB MaxepiajioMB, a mopb yse npe^cxaBHTB HSJiaraeMBifl SAi^cb 

OqepRB, ROTOpblft no M'fep'1^ OTRpUXifl HOBfilXB OTpUBROBB H HE- 

TaTB HoacHO 6y;(eTB nonojiHsiB. 

§ 7. KpoMt rJiaBHaro TBopemfl AeaHa, Kh. SaRoeoBB, b'b 

ROTOpofi BCe OblJIO HSJIOSeHO 06CT0flTeJIBH0, CB npocTpaHHEiMH 

^^ORasaTejiBCTBaMH, nos^^H'i^amie RapasHCRie asTopBi ii;HTHpyR)TB 
en^e RpaTRoe coqEHOHie ero no^B sarJiaBieMB OadaAuna (nb^t — 
htofb), vjifb saROHBi H8JiaraH)TCfl BRpaxal}^ OesB bcarhxb ;(obo- 

AOBB. TaRB RaKB HSBtCTHBIfl Jl,0 CHXB HOpB IHHTaTBI ^ OTHO- 

cflTCfl Bcfe RB saROHaMB sanpeii^eHHBix'B OpaRaxB (ninjr), to 

BeCBMa B08H0SH0, qTO TOJIBRO o6B dTBXB SaROHaXB H 6hlJL0 CO- 

CTaBjreHO nadBaHHoe coqnHeHie. 

OTHOcHTejiBHO AorMaTOBi B'bpbi He HMteTCfl HHRaRHXTi ysa- 
saHifi TOMi, qT06B AHaHi bb qeMB jiado orcTynajiB orb pae- 



* IlHBcKepi, nrjianp 'oipS IT, 65, cp. Steinschneider, Catalog, cod. hebr." 
Blblioth. Lugd. Batav. p. 194. 

^ PaAacH, -ic2n S^vk, a;i({)aB. 256, 6yKBu '3 u 'h, j. 986 (rAt.TeBCTi ciern 

EW^EeB'b paj^H pH({)MU). 

' Bi ero pyKon. coq. noe n^t oaeaqeH. KaTaion IIlTeiHeAdpa crp. 14 

(TOJbKO Ha^ajio 4>PA3U). 

^ BiOTh aiparMeHTk cocTOHT-b Hsi mecTH nepraveHTHuxi jbctkobi, HeHHOio 
noBpexA^HHuxi oti apobhocth; bi Hem TpaKiyeTca o saKoaaxi hhctotu i 
eeqiCTOTu (ninoi hhod). 

' I],HTaTu B3i <l»aAaiBRa npHBOAflTCH y Ie(|)eTa, A6yjib-<I>apaxBa OypuiHa 
(p't ,min< p nywO h CoioMoea HacH. 



— Oi 



BKBCsaro iy;(aH8ica. IIo Bc«fi b^pobtbocth h ocraTEH ca;utyKa6B'B» 
■OTOpue Bii ApeBHocTB OTBeprajia Bi^py bi» OeacHapTie jiymH, 
TOeKpeeesie MepTBux'B h npamecTBie MecciH, soH^BJie riwb^ 
mro npBBHaJH atn j^oniaTBi iy;ieficTBa; KaKi hxi> npESHaira Bno- 
cji'6;icTBiB H caifapHTHHe, npej^sa rohxi> ynopHo OTpBi^a^iH sth 
XoniaTiii. 

Qjf^aTCfif BapoqeMii, asBtCTie, xoth h He BnojcH* npoB*- 
peHHoe, ^0 AHaHi» BtpajTB b^ oepecejreHie }KYmi> (MeTeMDcn- 
xob'e) h ;iam6 cocraBBJiii o6^ ^rowb oco6ae covneeHie. Sto rbwh 
6oMfbe B'bpoflTHo, ^TO nocji'6^oBaTeaflX'B AHaea (AHaHEtaxx) 
KffpKncaBH cBH^^tTeJiBCTByeTi, nro ohb bo bcabomIi cJty^a^ upH* 
AepacHBaiiBCB 3Toro BtpoBaaU S h ^to eo CBH^i'feTejiBCTBy BaJK- 
H*]kfimaro apa6cEara HCTopHKa, A6y-Asa(|)apa Myxaimexa Ai^- 
Tafiapa *, BHCTymiBmie b*b 141 roAy ras^tpM (758 do P. X.) 
xycyjiLiraHCKie ceKxaHXH ^o;^l, HasBaHieM^ Paeendumoez^ co- 
BpeMeHHirKB AHaHa^ 6binm npoBepiKeHixaMQ 8Tofl ^ortpbhu, h 
Brbpiuni Hanp., qro ;tyina A;^aMa nepecejiaJiact Bi OtMaHa, ^ito 
(SoicecTBO, ;(ocTaBJiHioii^ee Hirb nniiiy h neTBe, 9to (xajm(I)i>) 
AjiB-MaHcypi,, h ^to Ajtr-raftxeMt EGQii-MoaBia — (aarejii.) Ta- 
BpiMS. — 9to onflTt TaKH ;^o oqeBHfleocTH ;(0Ka3HBaeTX ^oeicTH- 
^ecRifl xapaKTepi) AeaBa h ero opHBepHeeneBii, xaKii Kas'B x^k- 
TpHBa MeTenrncBzoda, EaR'B mkc bb^'I^jiBj npn hhshb AHaaa xe 
6Biiia sanucTBoBaHa ifycyjibMaHcEBMB ceKTaHxaMH no Bceft b^* 
poETBocxH y BH;QreaB% ^, Caiio co(5oro paayMtexcB, tto Anaaii 



' KipKiicaaA B^ 13 riSBft I oT^tia (B^ iioeMii naA&HiH cTp. 313) roBopHTi»: 
i«oip nrni ip M2tt iu xaKns n»fi |n njni "lOKjnSiia Sip* [k3 hjk [|>«3itp p] naj? 'ant 
•nj^a no^t i*n*Sy -tiSki T-^an^K^ TOinSw^ Sxp jd Sip naiaoi zmiSh mrt jn* naKnsfH |d 
Tjaay coH. KapKBcaHH; ^;^t 0B^ noieMB3iipyeTi» npoTiB^ AHaBaTOBT», npsBep- 
Beaii,eBi MereHacHxosa, naAaBu Teoepi» r-ii'L C. IIoaBaHCKHii'b B^ c6opBBKt, iSAftfl- 
EOiii wh najfHTb ooEoiaarQ A. lioryTa (Semitic studies p, 435 saq.)* 

» Tabari, Annales, IE series^ pars I, 129;-jD>iin3 opt kdt pSip* nn^wiSn 
Ian m a"ppo*i onopo^ nS»i nnai )tci i^na p |»«Qn;? *» on« nn in \mvvy nm^v^hn 

.S^naj n^^ro pH on^nSK im -iiirJoSie ncyj 

• AxB-BapyHH, ebk-b yse laMtTBjn. r. lIosBaacidft (Semitic Studies p. 437), 
c^rraen MeTenncaxoav taKoio «e lapaicrepiCTH^jecioio qepioio j^a ibajcobi, 
KaRi cj66qtj j^^ cBpeeBi, yqeaie o TpoHut AJia xpaciiafli i lape^efli's; 
»BiTi Bora Kpoift Bora h MyxaMMe^'^ «ro npopoai." jua MfcyjtJiaHT** 



— 58 — 



H AHaHHTBI CTapaJTHCB ;iOKa3aTB B'fepHOCTE dTOfl TeopiE E31B Cb. 

IlEcaHiH, H Hxi. ^toKaaaTejr&cTBa Bnojint acjctoAhh HsCpaflHara 
AHaaoMi» MeTo;ta TOJiKosaHia BflOiiie. Ha nepeceJieHie jrym't 
6yx^ yEasHBaeTCH bo MHorHX'B cTexaxx Cb. IlacaHifl, uemxy 
upo^EM'L Bi* cJI'fe;^yiOI^OI'b *: 

1) EHTie IX, 6: *Kto nponHBaeTi* Kpost qejOBtRa, Haxo- 

yRasbiBaeTiiy ^to EpoB& ^lejioB'feKa MOHeT'B Haxo;(BT&cfl tsjlmb b 
fii) He-^enoBi^Rt, a TaRi> KaE'b EpoBB, no hxi> ifBtniio, tojba^- 
CTBeena ct ;iyniot, to TjTh Haxo;^HTCi^ yKasaeie Ha tot-b cjry- 
qafl, Korjia ^ejioB-ibiiecKaH Ayma nepecejaaeTCfl b-b acBBOTHue. 

2) Hcaji, XXni, 3: c(Bor'B) ycnoKaaBaeT-B, bjih ycia 
;taerB, mok) Aymy* (z2W ^mj); AnaH^ h ero npHBepseHUBi * 
EyioT-B 3TH cJioBa: cBor-B nepeceiiHeT'B moio jsjmj hb-b o^tHoro" 
T*Jia BB ;tpyroe>. 

3) loBi* XXXVIIl, 14: <OHa npeBpama©Tca KaKi* rjiHHa ;afl 
nenaTH, e see ctomtt, EaKi* 6bi B-b o;ie»A*» (ox^n^i cmmcns lenon 
e^ia"? ^d)* TaEi> KaKi. b-b npe;^biAymeM'B CTHx-fe piiiB H;teT'B o saif Ji-fe^ 
TO ecTecTBSHH'fee Bcero othochtb m*ctohm. oua k^ seiffjit; AeaH-B 
se a AHaBHTH othocht'b btoti^ cthxii E'B aj^^ & oqbtb saxo- 
flflTT) TyrB yKaaaflie, mto ^^yma hoctohheo npespamaeTca b-b 

BnpoueMii, AeaeHTH (b Aeanx?) daEMCTBOBajTH y MycyjEB- 
MaHCEBXii MyxeKajiEMOBii em,B h ;;orMaTeqecKi& a^bo^^b b^b ooJiBay 
uexeMncExoaay a HveBHo^ qxo tojebeo 3tbmi> nyTeifB BosMoacBO 
06'BflCHBTB c?pa;iaBiji MajieHBEHX'B ^^tTefi h HepasyHEMxii sh- 
BOTHBixi, a EM6HH0, RaR'B HaKasaHle 8a npecTynJieHlHy coBep- 
meHHbiE bx TO BpeMH) Eorj^a jijum exb eaxojiEJiECB b'b T'^Jiax'^ 
BdpocjiHX'B Jiio;^eft, HpoTEB-B BToro apryMeHTa noa^etflmie Ea- 
paBMBi, KBpKHcaHH, IocB(I)B AjiB-BacEpB (Fapoa) b ;^p., bbi- 



* Sti AOKAsarejibCTsa i APfi'l^T bi^i noxo6BUS, apiso^HTca bii co9. Kip- 
Kicaeir (n* 18 111 oxAtaa) h bi peJiino3Bo-ifiRJoco(}»cKoin» cof, Caa;(iB Faoia, 
apa(S. TeKCTTi cip. 207—8, ©Bp* oepes, (aaj^. Cjyuitaro) crp* 103 — i; o^a an 
asTopa ODpoBeprsjon. 8th MBHMua A'laaTejibCTBa. 

^ ria&H&ro AOBO^^a QOSAHtimHii Ea66aJECTOBT>, a HweHBo cr^Th Iob& 
XXXm, 29-. ifBce bto ooBapmaen. Bon» ;^BasAU, TpusAU ci ^eioBiKOMi** ('ss |rt 



59 -^ 



csajBMBiOTb APyfyio TeopiK), TaKse saHUCTBOBaHayH) y apaCcRBX'b 
MyreRaiHifOB^; a HveaHo, o earpajit Ha tomi* cB'&T'b sa CTpa- 
fjBMiE, npnqflHeaaBifl BeBHEHuvL npn bx-b shshh ^ 

§ 8. Bi» HacTOEii^efl cxaTbt mm iforaa, soHe^HOf Dpd;^eTaBHTb 
FtojOiEa RpaTEitt o^epKii AtHTeJibBGCTH Afiafia Ras'B ocHOBaTejiH 
sapaHUCTsa; ho, krk^ MHb KaaceTCH, 3Toro oqepsa j^ocTaTo^HO 
XAfl Toro, qTo6i> ^axB noHflrie o rtxt Matepiajiaxiij kohmh pacno- 
jiaraii'b epeciapxt, h o Tomb MexoA*, KOTopoMy oHifc cjitjioBajnb 
opE cocraBJieHiH CBoero 3aROHo;^aTejiBBaro Eoj^eKca. Maxepiajibi 
eroy saEi) OKaauBaeTCfl, 6hjih cit^jiytouUe: 

1. PaBBHHCKia pajmrioaeHH nocTaHoajieHia, CTaamia cocTaBaoio 
qacTLio TpajxaAioHaaro iy;(aH3Ma, bi> nepBOHa^aiiEHOM^ axx sa^^t- 

BME C% atKOTOpUHH MO;(H(]^BI£aipflHH. 

2. Cii jipyrofi se cTopoHu, pa66aHHTGRi6 panHriodHMe saKOHBi 
H o5i>niaH, j^JiH onpaB;iaHifl yTBepsj^eeui Aaaaa^ ^to ero cxaSMa 
cocTaBjaeT'L aoByio atpy, ' — cjiysajia eiiy noBoj^oM'B ;iM npo» 
TBBono2E02ca&rx'&3aKOHOB'ii^ noqTH Bcb Bi> OTaroTHxejiBaotf^ aanpaB- 
jieHiH (KTSin^), Kaxii ysejiaqaBaioaue coCoio qacno aaapeTOB^B h 

3. Jt^H BwmeoBHaqeHHofl se atjia, t. e, jiJia xoro, ^To6'b 
npeACiaBHTi) caoft pacKOJii> Kan^B HOByio pejiariio, ocHOBatejiB 
KapaHMCTBa aaQ&rcTBOBaJi^ MHoro aflTapaOdaHETCKaro y Apesaefl 
C6KTH ca;i;iyKeeB'B, ocTaTKH Koefl cymecTBosaJiH bb to BpeMfl. 
Bo BCBKoifL cjiy^atf B'h anoxy Aaaaa Gujih b'b xo;^y aojieBiaqe- 



-ns^ or vW cn37D Sm ^);b* hSk), GaaAifi i KipsscaBfl He mTHpyuTb orb meBB 
Aaaaa. 

I Cif. tticra, yEaaaflBua Biuf i bi o'jv^ dj olefin J^ 7 ^rp. 7j Sk 10^ crp. 27 
C. IToaHaficxaro, taut se, cTp. 437^& 

* CatjiyeTii aaatTiTB, tto pyccide EapaMMU, npeACTaBiBinle Bt 1858 r. npa* 
ivreii^CTBy 3aaflCKy o tomi, ^to oha Be HutioiT sHvero o^maro ci eBpesME h 
Boceny cjaraJOTB ex ceCs BaaaaBie eBpeeai (cm H. Keaaeaa, Xpoaoji. yKa^ar. 
vaTepiai, AJa BCTOpii HHopoimefii, CTp. 165 — 1>^ □pbm.I.'—xoth ^to nporiLBopi- 
^BTii BciMii HCTopBHecKBaii AaHBUBi n yBipeslavx caMuxi aBTopiTSTiiUix sa* 
paiMCKUX^ aBTopOBi (KaKi dTO Oyj^erb o6cTOBTei&BO ^djomefio B^ o;^Hofi fl3i 
cji;iyx)iittix% craTefi), oAHaKo b^ B3BtcTHoj} cieneBfl obh flEHjincii KaKi» 6u npo- 
AOJmaTejBMH ^tHTeitaocTa AaaHa bi btomi> oTHomefltHj ao no j^pyromy aoTHBy. 






1 - 



J.i).'.M(».iv.'no ucn.'.ypoh). C!.-lIcTcp''»\prx, 23 >InHap>i 1S96 r. 



'/=■■•'• 



rocnojHiiy ripcjch. larc. IK ) K'omhtc i a ( )n- 
mecTBii pacnpocTpaiiciiiH ripocnIsiuciii>r mokiv 
eBpcHMii B-L Focciii 

jSapoHy J"opauiio PciinoBimy 
rHHUBypry 

H BC'feMT> >KCpTHOBaTe;i5IM'L II Tp\M>n 11.11. MCH BT> 

nojibsy (f)OHaii HJin CflB. cBpcficKai o yMiLiiima 
<cTajiMyjn>-Topa» 

nOCBHUJiAET'B 

HACTO)=imEE H3AAH1E 

Cl c ni c p ». 



mBpoTu H B03BijmenHocTn KsrjiKjioBt, HHCTOTW cepjiua 
n CB^TOCTH jiyiiiii, oOluaro MCJion-liKOjiioOifi m naiiio- 
iiaJiBHaro naTpioTiisMa. CoiiOKyiiMocTb bc-]&x'b ariix'b 
KanecTBi nji'^iineTi* iiaci* Thy^-h Ooji^e b-b kiihHj, 
aBTopi KOTopofl Hc noxoiKT, na xo.iojinux'b, paacHcx- 

2 



/ 



\ '- r* 



.= *!?< 



■-"•^H^-t* 



\»* 



I 

I** 

i 



Tcm pis iij?:2 B-nn a«ijs* 

V V : I V V ' : •• v: 

T '^ : '• TT^-: T T It: 

;ri"iaisi m" «2p3 cra*rj.* 

.(27 i^ay nicopn 'tii) 



IQBpOTU H BOSBWIUeHHOCTH uarJlJIZlOBl., MHCTOTU CCpjlUa 

u CJi^TOCTH jiyuiH, oOmaro MCJioB-TiKOJiioCiji H iiauio- 
iiEJiBHaro naTpioTH3Ma. ConoKyiiHocTh Bcifexi» arux-b 
Ka^ecTBi nji-fenHen* iiaci» t-Lm-b Coji-fee bt, KHurii, 
aBTopii xOTopofl lie noxo;Ki» na xajiojuiuxi, pascHer- 

2 



/ 



PTt QBTOpa. 

C. H. PanonopT'h, IbjaTc/ib raserbi (cFaMc- 
.iHU'b», H3'bHBn.n:» >KLMaiiie n3;iaTi, orak. ii>hi>imh 

6p01UI0paMIi H-feKOTOpblJI Il^t MOIIXb CTaTCli 11 
HTeHifl Ha pyCCKOMl> II CBpciiCU"OMT> H3LIIx'a\7>, 

pa36pocaHHi>ix'b no pa3in>iMT> opiairaM'h iicpio- 
;iii4ecKOii nc»iaTH. /l.iji naMa;ui out ii36pa.n> 
Moe HTciiic o lerjjA'fe PajieBii, ixoropoe obLao 

HHTaHO H 3aT'tM'b HailCMaTailO OKO.IO 15 A'hTh 

TOMy Haaajt (Bb >Kypna.Tb ((13c)cxo.n>»). Co- 
xpaHHH BOo6mc co;icp>Kaiiic 11 Birlimnioio (^opMy 
nepsarc) iisjaniH. h To.ibKO iipiiuaBiL/ib Toqiioc 
yKaaanie iicTOMiinK()Bi> bi, miTaraxT, ii3i> uy- 
>KHXi> KHiin> ji.ni o6./ierHCHiH /KciaiomnM-b na- 
BOilHTb cnpaBKii. 

Cri6. ^HBapi. 1896. el. oK 




mBpoTU H BOSBHiueiinocTH uBrjiJUioBi., MHCTOTU cepjiua 
II CB^TOCTH Jiyiiiii, oOniaro 'lejiOBisKOjiioOiji b iiauio- 
iiaJibHaro naxpioTHaMa. CoBOKyuiiocTb Bciixi» aiux-b 
xa^ecTBi nji'feHHCT'B iiaci> t-Lm-b Ooji'fee bt* KHHrii, 
aBTopii KOTopofl lie iioxoiKT, na xojiojinwx'b, paac^ei- 



» 



I 



/ 



\ 



Ptts aBTopa. 
C. H. Panonoprb, IbjarcMb raacrbi ((FaMc- 

.1HLX'B», H3T>HBIi;i'B yKC'iailie m/UlTI, OTJ'k. IbHUMH 

6poiiiiopaMii H-feKOTopbiH ii:ji> Moiixb cTarcii ii 

HTeHifi Ha pyCCKOMl> II CHpCliCKOMT> H3bIKaXl>, 

pa36pocaHHbixT> no pa3HbiMT> opraiiaM'b iicpio- 
jiiiHecKOii nc^iaTH. JXah naua;ia oin> ii36pajrb 
Moe HTCFiic o lerjjA'fe PajieBH, KOTopoc 6bijio 
HHTaHO H saT^BM-b HancHaTaiK) oko.io 15 .I'bTb 
TOMy Ha3a;n> (Bb >Kypna.Tb cdiocxcvi'b^). Co- 
xpaHHH Booome co;icp>Kanic ii Biihmnioio cJ^opMy 
nepearo iisjaniH. n To.ibKO iipiiuaBii.ib tohiioc 
yKasaHie iictomiuikobij bi> luiTaraxT, ii3i, My- 
>KHX'i> KHiin> xin o6j\i^rHCH\n /Ke.iaroiiuiM'b Ha- 
BOJlUTh cnpaBKH. 




mBpOTU H BOSBUmeHHOCTH U3rjI5IJlOB'b, MHCTOTU CCPAHa 

II CJiHTOCTH flyuiii, oOniaro MejionifeKOJiioOiH u iiauio- 
naJiBHaro naxpioTHaMa, CoBOKyiiiiocTi. Bciixi» 3tiixi» 
Ka^ecTBi nji-feHfleT-B iiaci* x-tMi, Cojii&e bt, KHurii, 
aBTopii KOTopofl lie noxoHct na xojio;iHbix-b, paacHex- 






/ 



lEPVUA rA.lEBII. 



Ha rpoaiajiHOMi. npocxpaiicTnTi, npofueHHOMT. na- 
niRMH npenKaMii bt* jipeeHic h cpcAHie BliKa, co Bpe- 

UCHH nOTepU CBpcfiCKIlMl. HapO;iOMl> CBOCrt IIOJlHTHHe- 

CKOfi caMOCToarejibHOCTH, BecbMa Majjo CBf^TJiuxTiiiyn- 
KTOBi*, na KOTopMX-b iviaaa Ha6;iK)flaTeji5i n biiii- 
uaHie HCTopHKa ocraHaBJiiiBaioTCH cb jiyincBiibiM-b na- 
cjiaxcseHieMit. Bo Bpexin CBoero CKiiTajib^ccKaro luc- 
CTBifl Hpea-b neo6o3pnMO-;iJiniiiihifl p^jii, acMCJib, rocy- 
jiapcTB-b H CTOJi-fcrifl, Hapdv-CTpaiiiiuKy npe^iciaBJifl/iHCb 
BecbMaiieMuoriMrocTenpiiiMiiuH cTaHiiin, mh owh Mori* 
saCbiTb Ha Go-Tfee ujih Mcuhe iipo;u>-T>KiiTejiJ>Hoe upcMH 
npo CBOK) B-feHiio-JKrvMyK) CKopGb in* Ka'iecTB-fe r>c3iipi- 
lOTHaro H3rHaHiiiiKa H:ni ireiipotiicniiaro rocxH. TIo bt* 
rt pi&;iKie momchtu, Koma CBpcMM-b jiaiuuin bo3mo>k- 

HOCTb CinxaTb CBOC M"lCTO>KHTe;ibCTBO OTCHeCTBOMT. II 

ero oCjiaaaTCJieft corpa>K;iaHaMH, oiiii oGukhobchho 
BUKaauBajiH na jxiiJi^ yiaciic bt. o6mcMi> xo^ii rocy- 
AapcTBeHHOfl ;kii3iih h BucTaB.-iH.iii ui&jiyK) (fcajiaiiry 
noJieaHuxis jt-fcaTejiefl no BctMi, oTpac;iHM'h 'lejioBii- 
HeCKBXii 3HaniA ii mho^kcctbo cirlnviux'b jin^iiiocTcfi, 
BoaGyHCAaioiiiHX'b yAiiB/ienie iioiuniliuiiiiiro iioioMCTBa 

CBOHMl* HUeaJIbHblM-bCOBCpiHeHCTBOMl, II HIJCOKO-HpaB- 
CTBeilHOK) 3aK0H*ieHH0CTI>IO. ( )G'b 0;iHOfi TilKOil CBliT.'lofl 



') CaHOMy onepKy o leryAl. TajeRif, ami uCuoi'iciii:! cro ypaay- 
irbBiir, npeAUiecTnyerb Kparicoo iisjoxceiiic nr.Tn]iiu c-njiceu'i. wu Ilr- 

BABiB XO XII CTOJ'bTiH 110 V, X. II IlX'b yMrihuIIHOii aI'^I'I^'-II'^kCTH 

B*fc o3Ha4cnR0& CTpanL. 




oiHpoTU B BoaBbimennocTH narjiMjioB-b, hhctotu cepjma 
n CBBTOCTH jiyuiH, oOuiaro MejiOBf>KOJiK)6iJi H iiauio- 
oaJiBBaro naxpioTiiaMa. ConoKyiiiiocib Bci&xi. ainx-b 
xanecTB-fc nji-feHflCT-b iiacb tIimi, Cojite bt. KHiirii, 
aBTopii KOTopofl lie noxoHCb na xo-iofliiux-b, pasciei- 



i 






/ 



Ibitaa Tajiebh. 



iiHMtiocxa H xoiy dobccth pife^b, a HMeuHo o6i> n3< 
B'j^cTBOM'B aoari^ h Mucjinjeji-fe P. lerynife rajieBii 

^HBIHeMl* Bl* KOBI^i^ XI H UepBOft nOJIOBHHi^ XII 

llpHCiyaaH k-b B3Jio»ceHiK> jiHxepaxypHofi A-j^sTejiK' 
HOCTH Bejiaqafimaro eBpeflcKaro uobtsl bi. IIcoaHiH^ c^in 
xaiOHyjKHtJMi.CpocHTBijpeiXBapBTejifcHOBsrjiiiii'b aa »c 
Topiio iiainHxi* ejiHuoB^pueB-K bi* aiofl cxpaa-fei 

„"Willst den Dichter du vereteben, 
Musfit in Dichter's Lande geheo!'' 

Ha bi. KaKofl esponeftcKofl expand cyAJ>6u espee: 
Be 6uj]H xaKii cuJiexeHti h bjiotho CB^aaHu cb ocro-' 
pnHecKHMH cym»6aMH ponnHu KaKi> Ha IlBpeueficKOMii 
nojiyocxpoBi& ro KOHixa XV CTOJii^Tia, O BpeMCHu no-^ 
cejieHiK especB-b a-b HcnaniH y>Ke secb^a paao Gujih 
pacnpocxpaHcnbi Cojiifee hjih MCH-fee JierenHapHtiiH CKa- 
saHiH. TaK-b ouhq-b HcnaHCKifl yHeHbifl, no HMeHB 8oicn 
(Thomas), paacKaaajii. Kopo;iio A/ib(t)OHCo KacxEUis- 
CKoxiy (bt* XI cxojii&TiH), hto Korjia HaByxoAOHocop^i 
uapb BanuJiOHCicifl^ noraeji-b boShoio Ha IepycajiBMi»«i 
xo K-b HCMy npn[UJin B-b noMomb MHorie npyrie cbjij.^ 
Hbie uapij, BO rjiaeife KOTopjJX'b CTOiijn> uapb rucna' 
nych^ oxT> Koxoparo Hcaaaiji nojiyqMJia CBoe Ha3Bnaie, 

BM^Ctife Cb CBOMMli SflXCMli nuppOHOM-b. Ilo SaBOCBa- 

HiH >Ke cxoJiHuu iyaeficKaro uapcxea, npe pasA'^neHiil 
UJi'feHHLix'b >KiiTejiefl esi Me>Kjiy aaBoeeaTejiaMH, Hano/iK] 
FHcriaayca h neppoea uonajiHCb ^iCBiejie loro iepy- 
cajiHMCKaro KBapxa^ia, vk^ QpoHcuBajiH doxomkh uapK 
AaBtma h 6jiaropojiHLie CBJiiueHHHKis, h bc^ ohii 6bi' 
jiH noca^^eBu Ha KopadJiH h oxBescHbi Bi. AHAaJiy3tic 
H paacejieHu no roponaw-b Tojieno, CcBHJibife h Fpa- 
Han^. ripH BTopHHHOM'b >Ke paapyDjeBiH lepycajiBMa 
ToxoM-b, paMjiaae, KaK-b rjiacnx-b xo JKe CKaaaaie, ot- 
npaBujiti Bi* HciiaHJio 40000 nji'i^HHbtx'b Ha'b KOJi'laa 
lyjiRHa H 10000 H3:b KOJi-feiia BeHiaMKHa a cBflmefi* 

UH^eCKarO COCJIObIsI, npUMCMl* GOJIblUHHCXBO HOC/J^Jl- 

HHXL. ynaJiHJiocb BO OpaeniK), xaKi. hxo no^xH b< 
BcnaHCKie eBpen upoMcxo^sx'b Ba-b napcKaro jkou\ 




BO BCiiKOMii cjiyna.^ m-h KOJii^na lyzinHa. TaKin ^e 
CKaaaeifl 6uJin pacupocrpaHciiu Mc^kviy HCuaHCKiiMH 
apaGauH h eepeHMH, a BnocjiLKCTiiiH, kothh iioa.iix h 
KpacHopi^^ie nojiy^HJiii Me^Kjiy iioc;iT>,iiiiimh rakoe uih- 
poKoe pasBHTie h jiocthfjih raKoii bijcokoA CTCiieHii, 
Bi&KOTopiiie nHcarciii o6i>flCH$iJiii 3to oT.iiinic uciiaiic- 
iCBX%eBpeeB'b6jiaropo:iHUMii nxis iipoiicxo>ic;icHieMi«. ^) 
EcjiH CB TyMaHHuxi> cKasoHHux-b BhimiiH'B ciiyc- 

THBCSI Ha TBepHVK) HCTOpHMCCKyiO IIOMUV, TO II TyTl> 

BsAneu'h jiOBOJibHO noHTCHHyio jipeBHocTi. cBpcflcKaro 
nocejieaifl bi» IIcnaniH. Bi* luicTonmee bpcmh iicTopu- 
HecKa^ KpHTiiKa Bbi^ciniJia, hto y.KC bo II xpHCTiaiic- 
KOMii CTOJi']&TiH JiaJiecTiiiiCKic CBpen u xpiiCTiaiic iipn- 
M'^&HsiJiH K-B HcnaHCKHMi> eBpc5iMi> cjiOHa iipopoKa Ab- 
Jliu. (06aAiH): „H iepycajiiiMCKie HarnaiiHHKH, KOTopuc 
HaxoAHTCsi bi> Ce(fa2)ai)/h^ OBjiim^KiTh ropo;iaMn lora". 
XoTH BT* ocHOBy 3Toro TOJiKOBaiiiH jicFJio napo:iHO-3Tii- 
MOJiomqecKoe cojiHJKeaie Mc>K:iy hmchcmi, Ccffapath 
Ch OAHOfi CTopoHu H rpcHccKHMi> iiaaBanicM-b jiajicK'aro 
sanajia (recnepia, reciiepHaa) ci> jipyrofi, ho bo3mo>k- 

BOCTB XaKOrO TOJlKOBailiH BO II CTO-ltlill VMCe flCHO 

AOKasuBaeTB, hto iiepBoc iiocejienie CBpeeBi> bi> llc- 
naHiH He Morjio Gutb no3>Ke 1 cTOji-tTiH, t. e. BpcMe- 
SB paapyoienia Bxoparo iepycajiHMCKuro xpaMa Thtomi>, 

E no BCefl B-fepOHTHOCTII BOCXO^HTl* ClUC paHbUlC, THKIj 

HTO BecbMa oiuH6aK>TCfl rl& hctophkii, KOTopue bhahtb 
BO BctxT* npejcanijixi* o jipcBiiocTu cBpeflcKaro noce- 
Jieaui BT. licnaiiiH o;iHy tojii>ko nciuiHCKyK) ropziocxi, 
CBOiui'B npoiicxo5K^eHieMi,. OxzifejiLHua po^iocjioBHua 
npeziaHia bb HaBLcTHux-B iicuaiicKo-CBpeflcKiixi* cc- 

lieftCTBaXl> O CBOCMT* npflMOMt IipOHCXOyKKCHiu OTB 110- 

TOMCTBa uapH JlsLmmsi ii:m JipcBHC-iepycaJiHMCKuxT. ca- 



*) Cm. Casiyuja IIGm.-Har.Tn.ia y Kopoiie-iu ]r.5 "iST :i. 134; le- 
rfxy il6nT»-6ajaifa e Moiicoh I16irh-r).ipa in. c^n-12 p,dm;3 cTp. 101 — 
103; A6paBauejin Bi>R0iiu1i KoMMtMriapiii iia nn. 1Up<-tki>: Anpaaiia 
Mwb-J^ajjsk vb nh^pn nca na^u AMCTepnaM. .1. 44: IlOHi.-Repra bis 
min* ti^v ns,^. Amct, j. 10; IIcTOpin eujiecB-b Tiiena, t. V. (ub pycc. 
nepeeoxl^) erp. 470. 



t 



^' 



CX> AUtkUlUM 



\.%J\0^UkAAS.».l l\,0m MM 



mspoTU B B03BwineHnocTH BsrjiwoBT,, HHCTOTU cepjiua 
n CB^TOCTH jiyiiiH, oOuiaro MCJioBiiKOJiioOiJi h iiauio- 
iiEJiBHaro naxpioTHSMa. CoHOKyimocTi. BcifexB axiix-b 
Ka^ecTB'B nji'feHHeT'B iiaci* r-tMi* 6oJi'£e wh KHiiiis, 

ABTOpik KOTOpOfl lie lIOXOyK-b lia XO-lO^miUXB, pasc^CT- 



/ 



lEryju FAjifBn* 



6 



zrnxTB qBmicTBa, a naoOaperb, coA^ficTBo&aJio ctpe- 
ttnm ux-h ciaiB ca%iitit^ raRae 5;iaropojiTiiJii(i it 

paaiitmiiuH Jipyrifl uOt To>m*;*i>CTmi, iipeiiMymc- 
meiiifo Jicc uojiiiTii*iecito<! uo/tuacciiic IkoauiH ui* paa- 
frfciH aooxn, comMcTSoaajia Tosiy, ^to taMOiiiaic cnpcu 
uornn cnoKodao paantjoaTHCH paBito n% jxYsonuowh a 
uaiepiajjbaaM-b oTHoojcBinxi* ii cocTaBUTt, xaK^ cKa- 
liTb, cayyio dJiecTsiiuyio cfpaiftmy ui* ucTopia CBoero 
apoAA 110 U3iiiaiiiH ttjx IhLieerniiy h eaEiBCTBeii^yK) 
rLT;Tyii) KapTimy im Mpaniioyii (])oiii& cpejiHeBi^KOBtixi* 
i'n.cO-y lUp^unn* CoepBa, bi. mioKy pimcKOfl pecny5- 
n psMCKBX'b HMticpaTopoBi., Korjia pejmrioaBaji 
DpntiifoCTii 5ujia ocBoBiiuM-b !ipMnnrinoui> na bccmi* 
ipoi^Mefiiu pitMCfr:aro rocy/tapeiBa^ cBpcii, Kouequo, 
no7iMOuajiiici» DQ/iifoio rpa>Kimiici«0!0 rtpaBOcaoco6Ho- 
CTiiK) iiapaBiii^ Cb jipyrHyy iicirTiVisiMii DHpeHeflcKaro 
BOJiyocTpoBa, 3aTl^Mi> bt» im/iaji^ V^ cTo,iilTifl, Kor;ia 
i"b arot cTpaHoS BHxreii-b npoHCcjiiici. pasima ue^ 
fJifcTypaya njiewcHa: natijuuHd^ cbceju h ajiane, eBpeii^ 

no BCch BfipOltTBOCTH, TepilJiJlll OTli HIiXli UM'feCT'fe CI* 

^CTiuiviiuiuii Jiapojioiiaccjieiiie.'44i*v »iO 3to 6u;ih cku- 
mpoxuJiJiuUjt OfiacTBia. II o yxiiepjicjiCHiii xaMi, roc- 
' iJCCT't--roTom,, ripBiiaji-Tic>k'aBUU!x^K Ki> xpncii- 
ccKT^ apiaiiHCTooii, oTJiHHaiitUBxca BbpOTCpriii* 
itocTLiD, ^.TarococrOMBie eBpeflCKitxi. rpaiicaaii^ ciia- 
iitii TaK>KC lie 6uno iinpyirmcMo, 3a i«ce aro npesjsi 
ropmecKie McrontiiiKii BcctiMa dcyjiuu ua HaBLcria 
Si* ,tJ3riiauiiHKaxt IcpycajiwMa bij Ce^apaji^* h Ba 
ixii 6jiiJL!TaTCJiLHo onpaij^iMBajiocB iiaaiEiCTHoc nap^* 
mic: cnaciJiTiBu napajiu, tie itMiiiomie Hciopiih Tojji.- 
i!3t» nocjiItaoMaitauJxi* :miiiMi*,uo ytKcp-KjiciiiH bt* 
laiil; icaTii/iti'iccTBa, wuoroKpaTituKi* BoHircTMemfUxi* 

>XOaOB1» :tyX0BCHCTBit M CTfiCaBTL';iL1JUX> MlvpoUpi- 

rl6 npQTam^ cepccR-b « iixi» ujiIhhih, mu yauaeMi-, 

raxoBoe ajiijjuie nxi» iia cnoRxi» xpticTiancKHXi* 

3r|^a>icjinfn*, lie ycri!;amnxii eiue npoifiiisnyTbca ^a- 

iTiouo&iii, npimituaiitinfMCM iimu icaio.iiiHccKiiMH na- 



,.. ,, ,,,, ..,....,.; ii:irjiaaoBi.y iBcruTu eep/iiia 

ir ciiaiociH ayiwu, oflmaro ic/ior*t.ico.nioOifl h iiauio- 



Tom pri iiva s?nn s^us 
in-ix^'r\ ny mr; .-133 :si 

: : "" : • :• t : x : 

.(27 Tsy nicopM 'wa) 



mnpoTu H BoaBHiiieniiocTH iiarjiwoBi,, hhctotu cepmia 
n CB5ITOCTH jiyujH, oOmaro 'iejioBf,KOJiio6ifl h iiauio- 
iiaJibHaro naTpioTiisMa. CouoKyiiHocih Bc1ixi» axiix-b 
KanecTBi un^u^cTh iiaci, rtMi* Cojite ii-h Kniirii, 
aBTopi* KOTopofi lie iioxo;ki» iia xo.iojiiiux'b, pascneT- 

2 



/ 



I-' 



lEryjIA FAJIEBM. 



o«ih:pK'i> iiix) "/Kii.uni 



JIHTEPATyPHOH ;i;^£TEJILHOOTH 



(1080—1145 no P. X.). 



^. fi. J^ A P K A B H. 



Bjopoe M3AaHie. 



THno-»lHTorpac}>i>i M. Panonopra, Ca io!:.wi v.i., .i. Ai- i}. 



'' nnipoTU H BosBHUjeHnocTii uarJiHjioBi., mhctotu cepAua 
1 H CUATOCTH Jiyiiiii, oOmaro 'iejioBlsKOJiioGi>i u iiauio- 
[: ' naJiBHaro naxpioTiiaMa. CouoKyunocTh Bciixii aTHxi 

r aBTopi* KOTopofi He noxoyK-L Ha xo.ioAHux-b, paacner- 
l 2 



/ 



rocnojiiHV Ilpejch. uiTc.iio IvoMirrcra On- 
mecTBa paciqx^cTpaiiciiij^i ripocBi.iucniw MOKjy 

CBpeHMII B-L PoCCill 

^apoHy J^opauiio QciinoBiiHy 
FHHUBypry 

H BcfeM-b >KCpTBOBaTC.1HM'b II TpV/lHIIUIMCH B7:, 

no.ib3y (JDOHitii AJiii CDB. oBpciicKaro yniLiiima 
«TajiMyjT>-Topii)) 

nOCBSmAETTb 

HACTO^mEE H3AAHIE 

lI r m c p b. 



mBpoTU H B03BHmeHHocT(i D^rji^jioBii, MHCTOTiJ cepjuia 
II ciiJiTOCTH Jiyuiii, oGiuaro 'RMOBf,KOJiio6iH h iiauio- 
naJiBHaro naxpioTHSMa. ConoKyiinocTi, Bcifex-B aiiiKi. 
KanecTB-b njiimntTh iiacb liiMi^ Cojiifee bx Knnr£, 
aBTopi* KOTopofi lie iioxoMc-L iia xojiozmux-b, pascieT- 

2 



/ 



■jcni pnx in2 2?-in a'i:s 

T '^ : '^ tt'-: t t It: 

: : ~ : ' :• t: t : 

T • : "• ": I •• -: 

.(27 T33? niCOpH '753) 



miipOTEiI H BOSBHUJCHHOCTIl I33rJ15!JlOni>, HHCTOTU CCpflUa 

n CB5IT0CTH Jiymii, o6iuaro 'icJiOBifiKOJiioCifl h iiauio- 
uaJiBHaro narpioTiisMa. CoHOKyiiiiocTh Bci^xii aTuxi* 
KanecTB-b nji^iiiAci'h iiaci> t-Lmi* 6ojii>e n-h KHiiris, 
aBTOpi> KOTopofi lie iioxoMv-b iia xo.iojuiux-b, paacMer- 

2 



/ 



PTt BBTOpa. 

C. H. PanonopTb, lisjaTcih ra3LTbi aTaMc- 
JIHU-BX), ii3T>JiBn.?n> Hxxvianic ii3;iaTi> o'lvikibHWMH 

6pOIIIIOpaMII H'feKOTOpbin II31> MOIIX'h CTaTCli II 

HTemfl Ha pyccKOM'b ii cBpciicKOMT> ji^WKax-b, 
pa36pocaHHbixT> no pasHbiMt opranaMi> ricpio- 
;in4ecKOH iic^iaTii. Am uiviajin oht. ii36pav'n> 
Moe HTCHie o ler^A* Pqjicbh, KOTopoc ubuo 
HHTaHO II aai'tM-b nane^aTaiio oko.k) i,s /rbTT> 
TOMy Ha3aj.T> (Bb >KypHa.Tfe «liocxo.n>))). Co- 
xpaHHH Boo6me C();icp>i<anic ii Birliiunioio cJ^opMy 
nepsaro iisaaHin, h To.ibKO iipiinaBiLib to^imoc 
yKaaame ncTOHiiiiKOB'b B'b miTaraxi. ilti, hv- 
WHX-fc KHnn> ;i.iH ou^ier4eiiiH ^FaMaioiiuiM-b iia- 
BOiLHTb cnpaBKii. 

Cn6. HHBapu 1896. ^1. v^. 




I 



mvpora H BOSBHUjeHHocTH narJiHAon-B, mhctotij cepjiua 
n CB^TOCTH jiyiuH, oOmaro ^icjioB'lsKO-nioGisi u iiauio- 
naJiBHaro naxpioTHSMa, ConoKyiiHocTL Bctx-B aTHxi* 
icanecTB-b nji-feiijien* iiaci. i-feMi, OoJii&e Bt Kinir£, 
aBTopi» KOTopofl ne noxojKi* na xojioziiiux-b, paacnex- 

2 



/ 



t 



imjk rA.iKBii. > 



Ha rpoManHOMT. upocTpaucTHL, iiponaeHiioMi. na- 
maiiH npejiKaMii B-b jipcBiiic h cpejiuie BisKa, co Bpc- 
iieHH norepH cBpeflcKiiMi. iiaponuM-b CBoeil noJiHTHne- 

CKOft CaMOCTOATeJlbllOCTH, BCCbMa MUJIO CBliTJlUX-bliyH- 

KTOBT*, Ha KOTopux-b TJiasa iiaO.'iionaTe.iH ii biih- 
MaHie HCTopHKa ocTaiiaBJiuuaioTCH ch ;iyiiTeniib]Mi> Ha- 
CJia>KAeHieMT>. Bo BpeMH CBocro CKiiTaJibuccKaro uie- 
CTSiH Hpeai* Heo6o3pHMo-AJiiiiini.ifl pjizii* acMc.ib, rocy- 
jiapcTBi* H CTOJi'Liifl, napony-CTpaHiiHKy iipe;iCTaBJTfl:iiicb 
BecbMaHeMHoriiirocTenpiHAiHiJH CTaHiiiii, rziL oii-b Mor-b 
3a6biTb Ha 6oji^c hjih Mente iipoAOJi>ivnTcjii.iioe upeMa 
npo CBOK) Bi&HHO-HcrvMyio CKop6b hij KanecTB-fe 6c3npi- 
lOTHaro HarnaHHiiKa hjih iieiipoiucHHaro tocth. IIo bi* 
rt p'fe;iKie MOMeHTu, Konia CBpeMMi, jianajni bo3mo>k- 

BOCTb CHHiaib CBOC M^feCTOKHTCJIbCTBO OTCHeCTliOM-b H 

ero oCjianaTCJieft corpa^'aanaMH, oini oCukhobchho 
BUKa3LiBajiH Ha jiliJils ynacTie ht* oGmcM-b xoivk rocy- 
jiapcTBeHHofl :kikuiii h BucxaBjiH.iH u-fijiyjo $ajiaHry 
noJieaHuxii fl-i&HTejiefl no bcLmi, oTpac;iH.\n> mciobIs- 

^leCKHX-b SHailiA H MHO^CCTHO CirLTJIUX-b JlHMIIOCTCfi, 

B036y;KAaiouiHX'B y;uuuieiiie iioiumliniiiaro uoioMCTBa 

CBOHM-B HJieajlbHUM-bCOBCpUICHCllJOM-b 11 HIJCOKO-npail- 
CTBeilHOK) aaKOHMCHHOCTblO. OO-b ClHOfi TilKOfl CBliT.lOfl 



*) CaMOMy oucpKy o lervAl". I'ajenn. a.m ofufipunin rro ypaay- 
irfeBifl, npeimecTByerb KpaTHOo iiajowenif jicTopiii tupcein. ui. llc- 
nasiB xo XII croJliTiii no P. X. ii iwb vMCTi't hhoU jiLiricihimcrn 
Vh o3BaHeiiHoff crpaiit. 




miipoTiii H BOBBbimeHHOcTH BsrjiHAOB-b, ^HCTOTu ccpjiua 

n CB^TOCTH jiynjH, oOmaro MCJioafiKOJiioGisi ii iiauio- 

OEJiBBaro naxpioTHSMa. CouoKynHocTh bcLxt. ainx-b 

-KanecTBii nji-feHjicTT* iiac-b t-^mt, OoJii&e m, Kniirt, 

II EBTOPI* KOTOpOfl HC IIOXOMCl* Ha XOilOJlHUXT., paSCnCT- 



/ 



2 



li.*-'- 



-au. 



JIBMHOCTH fl xony noBecTu pi&Hb, a iiMeuHo oGi, h3^ 
Bi&CTH0Mi> D03Ti& H MMCjiHTejiife P, Ieryjii& rajieen,! 

HCHBineHli BT> KOHni^ XI B IiepBOfl nOJlOBHHi^ XII CTO-| 

IIpHCxynaa ki» H3Jio)iceuiio jiHTepaTypHod jii&iiTejm-^ 
aocTH BGnuHofimsLTO cBpeflcKaro noaiaB'b HcnaHiH, c^b- 
TaK)Hyxc^kl^i'b6pocuT£>DpeitBap^TeJILHOB3^JljlIll> Ha tic-^ 

TOpilO HaiUHXl* eHHHOB^pueBl» BT» 3T0fi CTpaut: 
,,Willst den Diohler du verstebeti, 
Musst io Dicbtpr's Landc gehen!** 

Ha Bi* KaKofi CBponeflCKofl cipan-fe cynKGu eBpeesip] 
He 6hiJin TaKx cajiereiiu h djiotho CBSfaaHU £!> hcto'I 

pH^ieCKHMH CyjIB6aMH pOJlHHLl KaKT> Ha HHpeHefiCKOMT.] 

nojiyocTpoB'fe no KOHiia XV cTOJii^Tisi. O BpeMenn no- 
cejieuiH eepeeB^ bi> HcnaHiu y^e Becbua pano 6ujik 
pacnpocTpaHCHbi Cojiifee bjih Menifee JieieunapHtiH cica* 
aauiji. TaKi* ojinai* HcnaHCKiii yneHufl, no hmchb Boms 
(Thomiis), paacKaaajiii Kopo-riio Ajii>(I>obco KacTUJib-j 

CKOWy (Bt XI CTOJl']&TiM), ^TO KOTJIB. HaByXOJXOHOCOpl»J 

iiapb BaBUJioucKifi, uomeji-B boSboio Ha lepyca-TBu-i.- 
TO ktj HCMy npatujTH b^ noMoiub MHorie jipyrie cBjn^-j 
HLie uapu, bo rjiasi^ KOTopuxi, cto>ijii» uapi, riwna\ 
nychi oTT» KOToparo ricnaaiji nojiynajia CBoe HasBaHie 

BM^CTIi C1> CBOIIMI. 35!TeMli JleppOHOWb. Ilo 3:'. 

HiB >Ke cTOJiHuu iyjieflCKaro uapcTBa, npu paaxi 
tiJi"feHHbixi» >KHTeJiefl ea Me}iC^y saBOCBaTe-iflMH, Hajio-ri* 
TacaaHyca b nappoHa iiODajiaci, i^btcjiii xoro iepyJ 
cajiBMCKaro Keapxajia, raife npo^BBajia noxoMicfl aapi( 
AaBBjxa H 6jiaropojiHue CBJimeHBBKH, h bc% ohh ^ia\ 
JIB nocaiiceHbi aa Kopa6;ia b oxBeaeau bt> AHuajiysii 
n pascejieau no roponaM-B Tojieno, CcBBJifcife h Vp$l\ 
aaa^. npa BxopHHaoM'b ^e paapymeaia lepycajiHim 
Tbxomij, pHMJiHHe, KaKi> rjiacaxi* to ^c cKaaaHie, oi| 
upaBHJia B-b Hcnaaiio 40000 nji-feaaux-B Bs-b kojiIi 
lyniiHa a 10000 nsi, KOJi^na BeHiaMHua a CBumeil 
HBMecKaro cocjiobih, npuneMi. Gojillubhcxbo iiocjiifeji| 
HBXXi ynajiHJiocb bo <I'paBniK>, xaK-b hto no^xa 
acnaacKie eBpea npoacxo;i«Ti> Bat napcKaro noua. 




BO BCXKOHi* cjiyna^ ns-h KOJi-^^Ha IvAiuia. TaKia ^e 
CKaaaHui 6ujiii pacupocTpaHcnu Me^viy HcnaHCKUMH 
apaOauH h enpenuH, a Bnocji'LjiCTRiti, Kor;ia iioa.iin h 
KpacHop'^Hie iiojiyiiiJiH Me«,iy irocji']&;uJiiMii laKoe iiih- 
poKoe pasBiiTie h aocthfjih raicoA hucokoA ctciichh, 
Bi&KOTopue nHcaxc.iH oOmchhjih hto oxjiiiMie nciianc- 
KHX% espeeB-b OjiaropojiHMM-b nx-h iipoiicxo/K;icHieMT>. ^) 
EcjiH ch TyM^aHHuxia cKasoHiiuxi* Bummiii ciiyc- 

THVCSI Ha TBCpZiyK) HCTOpH'ICCKyK) IIOMIjy, TO 11 TyXT. 

Hafl:ieM'B xioBOJibHO noHTCHiiyio ;ipeBHocTi> oupc&CKaro 
nocejieHisi bi» IIcnaiiiH. Bi> iiacTOHmce hpcmsi iicTopii- 

HeCKSLSl KpHTIIKa BUHCHIlJia, HTO V^KC BO H XpHCTiailC- 

KOBfi> cTOJii&Tin iiajiecTiincKie cnpcH h xpiiCTianc iipH- 
M'i&HJiJiH K-B HcnaHCKHMi> eBpcsiMi> cjioim npopoKa Ab- 
Aia (06ajciH): „1[ iepycajiHMCKic iisniaHuiiKu, KOTopuc 
Haxoji5iTC$i BTi Ceipapa'iiby OB.iaji-l&iOT'B ropo^aMn lora". 
XoTsi Bi» ocHOBy 3Toro TOJiKOBaiiiH jicr.io napo;iuo-3TH- 
MOJiorH^ecKoe cOjiHiKeHie .MC>K;iy BMencM-B CafapaOi 
CB onHofl CTopoHU II rpcqccKHMi* HasBanieM-b jiajicKaro 
3anaAa (recuepia, reciiepnaa) cb Apyrofl, ho bo3mo>k- 

BOCTb TaKOrO TOJiKOBaiiiH bo I[ CTOJl-Llin y>KC HCHO 

JlOKasiiiBaerb, hto nepsoe noccjienie CBpecBij bi. llc- 
naaiH He mofjio Ohtl no3)Kc 1 ctoji-^tih, t. e. BpcMc- 
BH paapyoieHiH BToparo iepycajiHMCKaro xpaMa Thtomi,, 

B no BCefl Bi&pOHTHOCTII BOCXOAIITT* CIJIC paHblUC, TaKT* 

HTO BecbMa ouiHOaiOTcsi rL hctophku, Koxopuc bbasiti> 
BO Bci&xi> npenaHinxT, o ;ipeBiiocTn cBpeficKaro noce- 
Jieaiji B-b IIcnaiiiH o;iHy tojibko iiciiaHCKvio ropjiocxi* 

CBOHMl* npOHCXOHCZlCHiCM-b. Ox.li&JlbHlJH pOUOCJIOBHblH 

npeziaHifl bt> HaBi^cTHMxii HcnaiicKo-CBpeflcKiixT. ce- 

MeACTBaXli O CB0CM1> np51MO.M7« IipOHCXO>K,^CHilI OTt IIO- 

TOMCTBa uapsi ^aBiina ujiH npcBHe-icpycajinMCKnxi. ca- 



•) Cb. CaMyiua Iiemj-Hanii-ia y KoporiciH \r\i -.st j. 134; le- 
ryjiy I16H'b-Bajaiia h iMoncen 116m.-3.jp;i in, cmna PjDKo crp. 101 — 
103; A6paBaiiejff n-b ROimb Ko^iMCiiinpifl iia ku. Uai)("rin>: AnpaaMa 
H6irb-AayAa s-b nSapn nss U8,u Amctcpahm. .i. 44: I16Hii-Hcpra bis 
niin» eae^ na,*?. Amct. j. lOj licropiji CBpecBb I'pena, t. V. (bi, pycc. 
nepeBojcb) crp. 470. 



mBpOTU H BOaBblUlCHHOCTH B3rJITO0Bl>, MHCTOTW CCpjlUa 

II CB^TOCTH jiyiHH, oOiiun'o 'icJioB'TiKOJiioOiH H iiauio- 
naJibHaro naTpioTHSMa. ConoKyiiiiocTr, nci&xi. sthxi. 
KanecTB-b nji'fenHCTT> iiaci. xliMi* CoJiifee ut Kmirfc, 
aBTopi* KOTopofi ne iioxo^k-l iia xo;ioziHUX-b, paacicT- 



IsryjiA Tajiebh. 



HOBHHKOB-b, KaKl* Hanp. Bl> CCMCflCTBaXl> AGpaBEHejiii, 

A.ib6a;iiH, HacH, IICH-B-Sapu m flp., ne Moryxi, ko- 

IieHHO, GUTb AOCTOBl^pHO AOKasaHLi; HO HX-b HeJIBSfl 

TaKxcc H oupoBcpraTL p']&niHTejibHUM'i* o6pa30Mi>, shea, 

Cb KaKHM'B IiayMHTCJlbllblMl) nOCTOHHCTBOMli pOACTBCH- 

Hue eBpcHMi* apaBHTMiie BopojioJDKeuie MHornxis cto- 
ji-^&Tift coxpanaioTi* b-]&phu5I rcHcajiorHHCCKisi Cfii&A'!^Hifl. 
Ecjiu eBpeu Boo6uxe, no npiriHHf> MHoroKpaTiiuxi* ne- 
pecejiCHifl h CTpaHCTBOBanifl, nc mofjih h hc MoryTi 
cpaBHflTLCH B-b axoMT, OTHoiiieniH c-b apaOaiiH, to bi» 
ora'feJibHux'b cjiynaflxii, ocoOeiino Bb lIcnaHiH, syAa 
HacTb eypeeBi, CbiJianepecejieua np^Mo HSbllaJiecTHHU, 
poAocjiOBHUH ripe;iaHi« Morjiu BecbMa xopomo coxpa- 
HHTbCH wh BHariibixii ccMcficTBaxb. ITpaBixa, hto bi* 
iyiiaM3Mi>, corjiacHO BoasplsHi^M-b paBBHiioBi*, Bccr^a 
oOpaiuajiocb upeiiMymecTueHHo BHiiManie iia JiiiHHoe 
;iocTOHHCTBO HCJiOH-feKa II ua ero coC3cTBeHHMfl sacjiy- 
rn; HO rtM-b He Menlic ii nponcxoHCACHie h3t. xopo- 
iiiaio jioMa H flocToyBa>KaeMaro ccMcAcTBa ix']&hhjioci> 
BbicoKo y>Ke ch jipcBiinx-b BpcMent. Hme npH cyine- 
cTBonaniii BToporo xpa&ia, bo npcMX HapoAHbixi* npaa- 
jiHCCTBi, B-b lepycajiHM'fe, Konia MOJio;ie)Kb oxnpaB- 
jiHjiacb 3a ropojii. ryjiaib no BiiuorpaflHMKaMb, ueyxjiy 
nLcKHMH, pacnLiiacMUMii mojio;iumh :i'%Bnua!dii, OAHa 
r:iacH;ia; „0, tij, jioGpufl MOJioneub, hoauhmu rjiaaa 
TBon n xopoincHLKo nocMOTpn-— KaKVK) HCBifeciy ce6ife 
M36paTL; He npe.ibinaftcH tu KpacoK), a CMorpn Jiyime 
Ha ccMcftHOc nponcxo>iv*^eHie".M 

HnpoHCM-b. KaKona Cw nn oujia ucTHna Ha chct'B 
npHMoro npoHcxo/Kixein'M iicnancKHX-b enpeeBi. oti> no- 

TOMKOB-b UUp>I /'UlBH^a 11 iepycaJUIMCKHXTi CaHOBHH- 

KOHT, iia:io6iio oTjiarb iiM-b cnpaBejiJiiiBOCTb, hto y6i- 
>K:u'nie nxb hi. iicKviwqKTe.'ibHOM'b OjiaropoACiiA cbo- 
II XT. iipejiKOBT. ne B.iiyi;io iia inixi. AypHhiM-b oOpaaoMi^ 
11 He ciiocoOcTBOBa.io pasBiiTiio bi» hhxt* cn-i^cn h ny- 



^ 



'j Cm. Mhiiiiiv, jp. Taammn, bt. KoiiuMnKni "i^rj? Hi M» "^ma 



jE»*yjiA lU/itsBii. 



CTuro «iBminrTBa, a uA06opon», coit^tcTBOimJio efpe- 

ritAO^'folliiUMi] c8oiiii> cjinunuxxnpe/iKOHi** Cuepxi* 
>ro, paa/iiiHiiuH Jip5^ri»i u6cioHie;ii»oini, HpeiiMyiuc- 
rticfiiio ;ice uo;jtitBHecKO€ uojiomcuic llcoauiii bii paa* 
tiMJi aiioxQi coxt^riCT9otui/JB iou}% mo T^iiomuic eBpco 
uomn cnoKodao paBBnoaTBCH paBBO n% ny%onnou% m 
uiLTCpifluiunaJi-b OTBOincialsixi. ii cocTaBiiTi*, xaK-b cKa* 
caiiyio Ojiecisimyio cTpaMiiny ui* iicTopia CBoero 
ipona no u3fiiaHiii iij'b IIa;iectni!M it enmiCTficimyio 
BTiiyn^ KApTiiity iia MpaniioMi* 4^oirL cpejiHeu'ifeKOBHX'b 
y'JlcOii Ilapiiu.iH, CuepBa, b^ aiioxy puMCKofl peciiyG- 
n pQMETtcaK'b n»iicpaTopoei>, Kor^a pejitinosHaM 
i^pnuttocTi* 6una ocbobiiumii opBHUBnoii^ Ha bccmi* 
ipofii^cHiu piiMCKaro rocyAapcTBa, CQpcu, scoiie'iHo, 
110/iii.iouajiiici* no/iiioio rpiiJKjiaiicxoio iipaBocaocoGao- 
CTMO itap;?i»ii1fc ci» JipyriiMii >icwtcJisiMii llBpeHeflcKaro 
no.iyocipoBa, 3artMi* bi* nn^iaji^ V^ €T07ii&Ti*i, Koraa 

^» 3T0ft CTpaiJC*a BIlKpCMl> llpOHCCJlltCL paSUWJf BO- 

rbT^pBUa ElwleMCHai BailAllJlLJ, CBCBH B a,ia«C, C8pCH» 

no BCCfl fi^|K)aTROCTB^ TeplltJItl OTl» HUXli BM^Cffe C% 

iLBUu-L BapoAoi»tice;kMiieMi*^ no axo dunvi ckd- 
ilipoxoAsitiit» 6t.JicTr*i)i. llo yTBepacucHiit islwu roc- 
ma BecTi^-roTOBTj, iipBijan.ie>ivaBniBX'h ki. xpacil- 
cofi ccKrfe apiaBHCTOBii, oT/iH*mBtuaxcH LrUporepim* 
ttocTT.io^ 0.tarocDCTO«iite CKpenciciTXi* rpaJKjiatii* CBa- 
itt TaK>kc ire 6yjio urtpyuiacMo, 3a nee &to npewa 

|CTOpB<1CCKte HCTynOBKll BCCbMIl CKyjLllItl Iia «3HTiCll>l 

,11' r axb Icpyca,Tiiya b^ Cetbapa;i1;'' i\ hu 

L'B Ti I lUHo onpaBA^JBajioci. naatiCTHoe oapL* 

Mie: ciacTJiiiBiJ napojiy, uc iiMt.ioiuie MCtopiu. Tojib- 

031* nucji'tk'io Ba Hiiui x i* «:i 1 1- m i. , n o y tbc p>ic;zc n I n b^ 

rpaBli tcaiciJiinecnia, miioichvputhuxi. HonHCTaeunuxi* 

>xo:ioB*u ;£yxoBeircTBa ii crtciiHUVJ 1.1114x1* M'l&ponpt- 

rift opartini* cBpccBij 11 n^-b B;iiHBiii, mm yjiiaeMt*, 

taKOBOe BjiljiHfe nxi» na cbobxt. xpucTiaBCKnxT* 

>n)a>Kjiani>.i iie yc^nlinmrix^ eruc iipoBHKiiyTijca dm* 

^Tnauo&iii, 0pHfi»maintiaMC$i imu icaioJianccKHBK na- 



.,. ,. „., ,:_...=.... i, ,.f!TOOBl.» IBCTOTy t'ri ,: 

CJ*>n"OCTM nyum, oflmaro itvioirfiKO.'iioCia b itaiiic 

1 AM a. CoElOKyUllOCTl- BCliXT. aTHXl. 

fi IT, iiaci. rta#Tf 6071 tt 111* k'liiirii, 

asTopii^ Kar0|io& uk aoxu^"b iia xojtojiuyxir, pjiac^tei* 



...^.CBIl. 



repaMH, cymecTBoeajio bt> BectMa aHa^BTejibHoft ctc- 
neHii. TaK-b H3i> iioc.ai^noBaBLuux'b ^aapeiixcuiii Kara- 
jiHHccKaro ixyxoBCHCTBa imwb iisB'fecTHo, hto taMom- 
Hie xpHCTiaue nacxo nocfemajia cnHarorn u npyric eo- 
pefiCKie MOJiaTBeHBue noNia jinsi c/iyuiauiji pb^ieft ee* 
peficKBX-b nponoBtuBHKOBi* H, Kaici. cupuBej^jiiiBO ^a- 
noBBJinch priHCKo-KaTOJiH^ecicie coHtueHHOKH, ryjisi ctc- 
Kanncb hxi. nacxBU ropaaao oxoxH^e ni^Mi. bt> ixepK* 
BH. Toiao xaKJKe xpiicriaHCKiS napoai. BcctMa «iaci 
o5patixajicH, bmI^cxo cbouki* cBstiaeHHiiKOB-b^ k-b paBsa 
HaMi> jiJisi HcnojiHenifl iiojiyAyxoBHuxT> xpe(5i*, kb 
Haiip. 6;iaroc;ioBeHiii nojieBuxi. njioziOB-b n HcaiBU, 
H-feKoxopue Ha-fa hhxi> noiujiH xaKi> najicKO, ixo npa3- 
nuoBajiH cy6(5oxy h aacxy BMifecxife ct eBpewMu, UoKa 
KaTojiH^ecxBO He Cbijio rocnoncxByiomeK) (fopMoio pe- 
jiBriH B-b cxpaH'fe, ero AyxoBencxBO He mopjio ycn^m- 
HO 6opoxbCfl ci» iyaeflcrBOMi>, He CMoxpii jiaiKe na noji- 
jiep^fcy H3i» PHMa; ho 3a xo oho jKecxoKo oTOMcraJio 
eBpeHM-b 3a cboh> HCBo.^bHyio cjiep^aHHOcxb ci» T'kxj 
nopij, KaKt Becx:b-roxcKifl KOpOJib PeKKapeni> (bip kok^ 
u^ VI BtKa) nepeM'feHH.ii. apiaHH3MT» na KoxojiaMe- 
cxBo H nocjitflHec cxajio B-b lIcnaHiH o^cJaaiajibHOK 
H rocnoAcxByfomeio ^opMoio Bi&p0HcnoB'feaaui5i. C'tax 
ro BpeMeuH uanaHaexcj! na IlupeiieflcicoMXi no-iyoci 
poBi^ n'^iifaiS p5im> uepKOBHux'b coSopoB-b (Concilia) 
ua KOxopbixTi ojxHoio H3'b Ba)KH'fcflii3Hxii saOoxi* U OJl 

HHKIl* H3-b FJiaBHi^fltllHX-b CXpeMJieHlfi GblJIO yHUHX05K€ 

Hie eBpeftcKaro 5jiarococxoflHia h b/iIshisi nocpei 

CXBOMT. BCeB03MO>KHHXl. npHrfeCHeHlfi n yHHvKeBlfi, T 

HCMi. jiyxoBeHcxBo Bcl^MH ciLiaMM cTapajiocb Boar 
Aaxb Bi> HepHH HenaBHCXb h npeapi^Hie kx. eBpeHi4i» 
jljiij xoro, 'ixoGi* BLJ3Baxb KpoBaBtaa pacnpaBbi ci. uauH» 
HacHJibcxBeHHbiH Hx-b KpemeHiH h X. n. KaxojiHHecicie 
Heo$nxbi-KopojiH, 5ojibmeK) nacxbio, xaK>Ke hc ocra- 
BajiHCb rjiyxH ki» npHausaM-b ayxoBCHcxBa 14 coe^iH* 

HajTH Cl> nepKOBHLlM-b (taHaXHSMOM-b IiepBOGUXHyiO XC' 

BxOHCKyK) rpyCocxb^ xaicx* mxo Huena PeKKapeAa, Ca- 
seOyxa^ PenecBBUxa, SpBHra h SpBKa snacaHbi KpoBa-> 



IsrynA Tajiebh. 



BUMH HepraMH bi> HCTopiiiecKiix'b ji-i^Toniicflxii BciiaH- 
CKaro cBpeficTBa. 

TaKoe neiajiLHoe iiojio>Kenie iipo;io:i;Kanoch :ijisi 
eBpeeBi* no Hauajia \"III cro.ii&Tijf. Bt oanaMennoe 
^e BpeMH Ha niipeiicflcKOM'B iio:iyocTpoBi& iipouaoiii- 
jiOTaKoe MHoro3HaueHaTc;ihHoc coGurie, Koiopoccpaay 
nepeM'^HHJio TaMi» pyc.io iiCTopnnecKaro tcmchih h hji 
BOCCMb CTOJi'i&Tifl coo6uui.'io HaaBaiifion crpair^ cohc^mi. 
apyryio ^iiaioHOMiio ii Aajio eft ;ipyroc iiacejieiiic, ii 
CB rtMi» BMi^CT*]^ iianajiacb hoiuih 9pa ;ijih yrncTcii- 
Hux-B BsrHUHHiiKou-b HB Ccc^apa;Lf>. llc;iaMi>, KOTopufi 
CO Bpe&iCHH CMcpTH MyxaMNiejui paa-iiiiuuiCH uon,o6uo 
MoryHexiy iiotoky iio Aaiii ii ActpuKt, iicpeGpocM.n* 
TaiuKe oany BOJiiiy ^pc3i> rn6pa;iTapcKiri iipo;iiiB-b, 
MorymecTBenno npiixjioiinyui, uecTtroTCKyK) iiaptaiio 
Ha KVjibTypHoe rocy;iapcTBo, ii iip»:^ua;n* kt. hoboh 
:kb3hii saToiiTaHiiux-b bb rpM3b KaTO.nnMccKHMii (t}aHa- 
THKaMH. Kt* CHacThK) ;i:iji CBpecB-b ii;u'iH'eBpoiicfiCKaro 
HejiOB']&<iecTBa Boooiiie, KiiHOBiiiiK'b aruii iiepe.Mhiiu, 
HCJiaMB, HC Cmjit* Ti^MT* .'ie;ieHflninMi> ii mcptbhiixiimii 
HCJiBMOMii, iipc:icTaBnTc;iMMij KOToparo hb.ihiotcm hij- 
Hife TypKH, Taiapi.!, uepciHiic h jipyrie Biicjjnrt asiHT- 
CKie uapo:iLi; ^nawH iio.iyMFiCMiia naxo;ui;ioch Toraa 
Wh pyKaxB CB'Iiacaro, ciiocoGnaro ii no MHonixt ot- 
HOOieHiflxi. BccbMU cifuiiaTiiMiiaro apaOcKaro iiapo/ia, 
pojlCTBeHiiaro eBpe5i.\n> no csoeMy ceMiixcKOMy upoiic- 
xo^JieHiio. Haiiiii xponnKH ci, rJiyOoKoio iipn^HaTejib- 
BOCTifO BcnoMiinaKJTi*, mto ^tuti, pojictbchhij/I napojii. 
HI. ry aiioxy iiCTOjitKo BUBe;!!* nainiixi* iipciKOB-b 
H3i» MaiepiajiLnaro paGcipa h vBiiyKoniH na iiinpoKyio 
jxopory rpjUKjiaHCTBCHHocTif, no tiuc ClUIhllO ciiocofj- 

CTBOBa.lT> IlX'b yMClIJClIHO-IfpaBCTBCIJIlOMy iic'itcxiy, 

TaKB HTO o6a napo:ia bt. TOHciiie jiojiraro HpcMcmi 
BM^Ifecrt CToa-'iii Ha BiJCHicn cxencHii Tor;iaiiiHcn kv.-il- 
xypH H cjiyyKH.iH cB'LxoMaMH iiavKii jiJin Bcero hc.io- 
B'^&^ecTBa. YMacTie CBpccB-b in, Tpy;iaxi. MtvioBtMc- 
CKofi MbicjiH Ha'ia/iocL, KaK'b H3BLcTito, BccL.va pane, H 
lyAcficKaH KOJioHiH Bh erHiicTCKo.Mi* ropo:d> A-'icucaii- 



mnpoTu H BOSBuniciinocTH imfjihaob-l, miictotij cepjma 
u CBflTOCTH Jiyniii, oOiuaro MCJiOBt,KOJiio6ifl u iiauio- 
iiaJiBHaro naTpioxiiSMa. ConoKyiinocxh Bcifex-B axHxt 
xanecTB-b HJi-feHjieTt iiaci- x-feMi* OoJi-fee n-h Kniirt, 
EBTOpi* KOTopofl HC noxo^Kii ita xojiojuiux-b, pa3C«iex- 

2 



f 



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lErVAA r.AJIEBH. 



;ipiH ociioBiiJio erne npu cymecTBOBaHiii BToporo iepy- 
cajiHMCKaro xpaMa oco6yio (|)Hjioco$CKyio lUKOJiy. He 
CMOTpH Ha TO, HTO iiiKo.ia liTa, iiocjit,'iHnMi» n Banc- 

Hi&fllIIHMT> IipeACTaBHTCJlCMT, KOTupofl CUJIT* ^PhJIOHT. 

A/ieKcaiuipiflcKifi[, HMfejia Oojif.iiiic ycn*l&xii, ii hto yne- 
Hie CM ocxaBHJio ncn3r;ia,iMMijec;i'fejiu bi. ncxopiii pe- 
;iiirio3Hoft (^iMjiocoiiihi nooGuic, iienb3H, o^HaKO, CKa- 
.laib npo Hce, hto oiia 6ij.ia ocoOcimo GjiaroTBopua 
:uiH iy;iaii3Ma, ii KaK-b no cboiimi, a.ajieropinecicHMi» 

II CHMBOJlllHeCKIIMb UaMaJiaMTj, XaK-b H no KOHCHIlUM-b 

CBOHMii peayjibTaiaM-B, KVJihMHnnpoBaBiunMCH bi» tho- 

CTIl'ieCKHXT. H;ieHX-b U Wh MHCTlIHH3Mi&, AOKTpiIUlJ ajiCK- 

caHjipifiCKiixi* 3,i;iiiHiiCT0Bi> ;io;i;KiiiJ Oijjih Biiocji'ifeji- 
ctbIh 6uti. iiepcueccHij ki» iipiinep>KeimaM-b jipyrHXi* 
iicnoBlj:iaiiiri jijih roro, mtoC)1> pacnpocTpaiiJiTLCH TaMi» 
ctj yciii&xoMT. II iio;iyqiiTb CBoe ;iajii,Hfeftriice pasBimc. 
Bnpeii aaxLM-b y»iacTBOBa;iii bxj Jif»:it paciipocxpaHeniH 
HayKT. iipn iieo:uioKpaxHOMT> iiepcxo,Tl& iiocJifemiuxT. 
oxT. rpcKOBi, K-b CHpifmaMx*, Kh iiepoaMi* ii apa6aM-i>, 
H ocodcHHO ;iTiaxe;ibnoe yracxic TipiiiiiiManii ohii npii 
3apo;K:ieiiiii y iiocjifemnixb coGcxncunofl Hayniioft Jin- 
xepaxypu. 9roMy npcAMexy iipoj). lUJicflncni., KaK-B 
i!3b£cxiio, iiocBHTii.Th iie;iaBno ocofiyK) MOnorpa$iio, 
Koxopaji, nnpo^ieMi*, xpeOyexi. noiio.iiiCHia ii licapaB- 
jieiiiH. ;tiH jiaiiieii :kc ufejiii jiocxaxouHo Cyjiexi, vKa- 
3aTb 3;vfeci. iia iifiKoiopue, cK);ia oxnocamiecii (JaKxu. 
IfoirtriiiiiH n3c:iTi loiiaiiiH opecjiaB.ibCKaro paBBHii.a Ji-pii 
\oc:i'A no.io;ivMTe;ibHO bmhcuhjim, 'ito Bb ApcBnTiflinyio 
xa;iMy,iiiMccKyio yiroxy, a iimchho bts naMa.Tli II cxo- 
;if,Ti>i, paHFiUHLj Oi.i;iir xoponio .uuikomij co iici&Mii 6tii:- 
iiiiimh Tor;u ht* y^cnoMb Mipfe bt. xojiy (tifjioco^- 
cj<iiMii ii033pisiiiMMij, irpeuMymecTRCHHo yao ct> bjichmh 
II.'iaToua 11 cro eniiicxcKiix'b iioc;iii;u)naxe;iefl ii 
iiCTo;iKOHaro;icn, raKb-na:n.iHacMhixi> iioBO-iuiaxoHHH- 

KOltT*. *) 

*) M. .Ii)(.'l. Iili.-ki« in ilio l{ciiirions!»esj:hi«lito, I Abtlioilung 
(IXi't'-l m IS"^')), tl'-r Tilimi:! nml ili-^ grifchisdio Spracho. j 




I A l*A;HfttlK 

icft llMGCpiiiorcicoii ny6;iii*iHaA On6:vQn:Kh no one- 
tiiQCia ;ioKaBUEaiDri>, hto ciipcflcicie yienijc 11% Hcp- 
iM II Baun.ioniit y>K'e Br* IX ittKiri, D;iiioifpe»eiitio ci» 
ipnGjuiti^ vcer;tno 3an»iwajiiici» iiuytttiieiii. iicfexi* H3- 
iwKTt Torn;* ciiliTCKH?ti* iiayKit, ue^Miiy upQ^nwu 

Itd fcacacTCH cucuia^iiiBO HcnaiiiR, to bi. CBoe BpQMn 

fiM/ia acciiva &a:4CHa$i aacjiyra noKofliiaro ttspanuys* 

tiear-o orlcnTajiHCTa Cojiomoiiu Mynica, Koiopuf! vKa- 

aa/iT* ila (> >cri. fttimuuro jio nero at. xojty lAuh 

aiH, ftyiiTo i<i€ yicuye wycyjitwaue Owjiii ut'p- 

LefiOis y^TT-^HMu eupeesi. Jit uayKax-^. ynoii any tuft 

ip]i:iccKift opieaTa,iiicTT* djiBctaTfJifeno jtoica.ia-i'fc, njo 

licoc Mirbale ctfpaBc,t,TTHBo tcxilico oiHociJTCJihuo Maft- 

iOimiia II np., hq mto npKMlvpii tt^if/jocxjtlm AuHue5* 

[.poMsi, cHiiTHiirtiarucH jtojiroe iipeww iiepjiNMi, no opt^* 

ICHU n uo op»tri}uajiiiE3ocTii iiucjimcnt^MiM na Ilupt** 

aeftcicoMi» no-nyocTpoB^ u oicaaanmiftca uuk%m^ uhuw^ 

iuuci» nairftcTHUifb HarufiMTi ito:>TOMT» lIOBii-rcOHpojicMi», 

m^y Diorii np>!Mi;pT>» ronopHMt*, y61t)icAaerii iinci* ut 

Toii*h, HTt) tfcitaiicKie enprK }u*cj*7i/ra voul^nnio aatntMa' 

|jmci> ttavKAMU ec/m iic pauuite cboux'^ MycyjiLuaii- 

ckhxij cooTCHcciticuHHtcoBi*, TO BO BCMKOMi* c.iym't 

OiUioDprucHUO Ch noc/i^mJHMH, M B*b naCTOHnicc Bpe- 

\ifl uu idOrKt'Mi. itoexajtMTi- eitie nuiiie, raic i* kukt. hu- 

ij-^ imuu ii.ifjlictriy MnoroHHc;jemiUH cBUirliTc;ii.CTua n 

lCTiipiuc;An» CDRpcMiMiiiuKi; il6uiy-Vi^6iipon^ ^ o GbtBtiieMi* 

^nfiaor!; b% rpana/xl* Caii.vnji'fe ll6n%Ala,rjiHn% (pozia.^- 

CM Bi. icoitcri X ntK'a), nro u owh npeuocxoAa-^T* 

- coBpeMeijHitivOHi. no rtcl-xi* ctilircKUxi. 

unykaxi^ 6umi Biiqc/jiincTwiy ;hj loro 3HaMinc;n.uw, 
ro titipoiio.i>Keaie WHorHXi* cToJi-^Tifl ^ly^miie upanit, 






II cui*T0CTii nyiirH, oCmaro iieJioaifeKO/iioCiie u nauio- 

11 ^WH. CoiJOKyUliOCTt. BtrfeXT* BTtlX% 

. E. ii* Haci> ttwi* 6ojite 111b Kiriiriit 

AirropT* KOToiwfl uc iioxoA'i> iia xO/iomiux^. paacici* 



10 



fEryjiA FA/iiiBM. 



Bbix-b ocodax-b, 6wjiH H31. eBpeeBi*; ohh >Ke aaHUBiajii] 
iiay^HLiH Ka({}e;ipbi B'b aKajieMisix'b it yHRBepCHTerax'&y 
npH Hxi. noMoiuH cocTaBJi5ijiHCb acTpoHOMuqecKiJTTaOT 
jiHUu H nepeBojiHJiacii aaynuufl coMuiieuia ria espo* 
oedcKie s33biKu. 



i 



II. 

JXo cBxi> nopT> 51 roBopB.Tb o BayMMuxii BanETlflxi>; 
o6paTHMC5i Tenepb ki> noaaiH. noamHccKiH npoaaBe- 
newia BO BC^i^ speMeHa h y BCfex-b HapoAoai. npeji- 
mecTByioTi. ociajiLiiUMi* juirepaTypHUMii nponsBenc- 
HiHMi»; HO 3T0 CwBaeiTb TOJibKO npii nepBOMt Bucxya- 
jieHiH jxaHHaro napojia na noupHiue yMCTBeHHaro ti. 
qecTBa. y uapoiioBi^ ^e^ npoxonHBtniiX'B yjKe pa3;h i 
BUH cxanin yMCTBcHHofl >KB3HH H nOABcpraBHiBxca upn- 
TOM-b DpenpaTHocTHM-b noJiBTUHecKHX-B cyjze6i», Bce ua- 
npaBJiCHie yMCTBCHHofi Jt^HTeJibHOCXH 3aBHCHX"K y>ice 
oxtb xona HCxopiH a ott. MyBCxsa npHcnoco6jieHi>i 
oGcxo^TCHBCTBaMi* BpeAieiiii H M'feCTa, KaKOBoe *iyBc 
coxpaiJMexcK jiynmwMn jhoa^mii, cocTaB.naioDiBMii KaK-b 
Ou Rymy MHHoii aauiu. TaKHMi* oOpaaoMi* GuBaeri. 
MOMeHTi. Bi. >iCH3HU Hapojia, Korjxa Bce ero XBopuecxBo 
cocpeno^eao na coBnaaiH pejmrioauwx'b (Jfoput a o5- 
pjiAOBi>; ;tpyrofi MoMeHxi,, Koma ero ymi* pa<5oTaexi» 
aaai* npoHBuw-b ycTaHOBJieHieMT^ upaBOBUx-b oxeome- 
Hiii rpavKziaHi*; xpeiifi, Koraa Bci^ ero Hajin^HUH cbjiu 
«iyxKo npBCJiymHBaioxcH kt* (SjjaropoaHuinb omymeHi* 
awh oKpy^Kaiomefi cpeaw h Bupa>Kaioxi. axe omy me- 
nial B-h DpeKpacBb>xx> n B03BtjmeHBuxi> oOpaaax'b n 

$OpMaXl., H X. II, OjlBH-b H3X> XaKHXla BaJKu-ifliu I 
HCXOpn^eCKHXT* MOMCBXCBl* HaCTynilJll. JIJISL eBpCL-i^ 

nocjii^ BxopHHHaro paapymeHin lepycajiBiia, Korna otiit 
npBHyjKiieubi Chinti paaOpocaxbCii no BCifeBii* kohh; ^ 
oCaxaeuaro Mipa. Bi> 3xoxt> poKOBofi momchx'b r: 
BonaxeJiflMi> wauiii iipe^cxosijia Heo6xo;iuMocTb— r x. 
iyjieflcxBa, Koxopoe Gujio npiiuapoBJieiio k-b ctBt';:j 
BocxoHHOAiy yrJiy CpeAHSeMHaro Mopa h npttKOBaso in» 



I 



IlajiecTHHi^, coanari. xaKoe iyjieflciBO, Koxopoe mofjio 
(5u ycTOHTb npoTHBii saTpyAHCHift, iipeiiJiTCTBifl ii hc- 
KymeHifl, upeACT«aB:i»eMiJxi> piisHooopaaiiiifliiiiiMH 06- 
CToaxejibCTBaMiiBpeMeHHHMl&CTa, a TaK/kc coxpaHHTbca 
HanepeKopi> BceBosMo^iiuMi* u hcbobmovkiiumis iipii- 
Ti^CHeiiisiMii H iipec/rL;;onaHiH.M'b, iipii;iyMUTiaeMijMi> 
JIIOACKOK) 3J106010, Bi> iicpHoniJTnoii JiH I'pyGofi 4>opxrt 
HJIII BT. 60Jli^C yTOH4CIIHOM7j BUJlh, IloKa coopy^KaJiocb 

THraHTCKoe aaaiiie TajiMy-ui'ieoKaro paBBUHH3Ma, noKa 
co(t>epu, ranaH, aMopeii, ca6ypeii u laoiihi roJiKOBajiH 
MoacecBU 3aiioB'&:iH, coGiipajiR iipcviaiiisi 11 uaroroB- 
Jisijiif, no xpeGoBaHiio oncTOMTejihCTHi), iiobuc oOpflAu 
H peJiHrioBHMfl cf)opMU — iioKa lu.'ia bch ura KHiiynaH 
atarejibHOCTh, iiohth ne Cujio Mi&cxa iioaaiii. JIpcbumh 
eBpeficKax jiiipa, HsjiaBaBiiiaa xaKie nyaecHue 3ByKn, 
KOTopuMii aohuhI^ orJianiaiOTCH xpaMu Bci^xii uhbb- 
jinaoBaHHUx-b iiapo.ioB'b, aaMOJiKJia, n B03rjiaci> iica;r- 
Mon'^Bna: „KaKi. mu CyjieMi, iii&ib nifeciiH JSoyKiii na 
Hy)iCofi aeyji-l^?*' unjiOAcnsi-h iienaTb MOJinauin na es- 
peflCKis ycra. Xoth 3a nepiojXTi bpcmchii MOK.iy poKO- 

BOIO BOfiHOK) Cb piIMJISIHaMII H B03llUKIIOBCHieMl> HC- 

naHCKoft iDKOJiu Bi> eBpeiicKofl jiiiTeparypIs iio5iHHJiocb 
He iiajio npeKpacHMx-b iio:)THHecKHXi> upoti3He;(ciiift 11 
OTpuBKOBii, ya-fejifeBinHxi BT> Ta-iMyj;i& 11 MHapaiiil;, 

Bl» MOJIHTBaXl* H IliyTl^,— B7> oGuiCMli U ui^.lOM-b Mbl 

AOJi^Hu oiiHaKO npHBHaib aroT-b iiepio^-b hbt* HHCJia 
He6jiaronpi»THux'b ii03THHccKiiMi> iipoiisBeAeiiiHM'b, 
TaKi> KaKii B-b 6oJibuiHiicTB-]& coxpaHiiHiiiuxcH o6pa3- 

IZOBIb JlHTyprHHCCKaS! HJIH JHUaKTIl'lCCKaH H'fejlb COBCp- 

meHHO aacjioiiaefb coOcthchho iioaTHMccKyio. TojibKo 
Ba nHpcHeflCKOM-b iiojiyocxpoBl^ cBpeu iipoao-nncajiH 
xy ni^Db npoH3BczieHifi nacToamaro iiouTHMccKaro rc- 

Hifly COeAHH^IOmHX'b Cl> I13HlIUI0CTbI0 (I^OpMIiI B03BlJIIICn- 

HOCTb coAep3KaHisi H rjiy6Mny 'lyncTBT,, KOTopaa owjia 
npepBaea B-b llspaiiJiii co bpcmchii jipcBiinx'b npopo- 
xoBi>. O^ieBHjiHo, HTO cyiiiecTByeT'b KaKaa-ro oco6eH- 
HEfl CBH3b Me^jiy AyxoBHbiMi> cocToaiiieMi> iiaiuero iia- 
pojia npH GbiTHocTH ero iia pojimii^, B-b llajiecTHHls u 



IBBPOTU H BOSBHIIJCIIHOCTH B3rJlM;;OBl>, MIICTOTU CCpjUia 

II CB^TOCTH Aynio, oGuiaro 'ieJiOB'T>KOJiio6iji u iiauio- 
uaJiBHaro naTpioTH3Ma. ConoKviiiiocTb bcI^xt. ariix-b 
KB.HCCTB'h n^'fenHCT-b iiaci* j-feMT* Oojii&e m> KHurt, 

aBTOP'b KOTOpOfl HC nOXO/KTi Iia X0JI0J11IUXT», paaCMCT- 



/ 



12 



liiry. 



na TTHpeHeflcKOMT* noJiyocxpoB'fe, Jl-feflcTBHTejibHo, npH 
DHtJiiaTejii.HOM'fc im5jiio:aeuia mo^ho Haflru aiy censjb 
H aro cooTHonieHie, hccmotph na Bce paa/iHHie bi» iio- 

JlBTBMeCKOMl* H TiyxoBHOMl> COCTOflUlB HapOHa Bl» 06l 

3TH 3noxH, a BMeHHo* HTO o6a paaa uauia ycn-feniHC 
BbinojiHH/ia B03Jio»ceHHyio ea Hce HCTopieio Mucciio. 
Bi> najiecrHH-]^ uatuii npejifCHHM^jiii, npaBjia, bcI^ npe- 
HwymecTBa Toro cocTOflHia, Dpo Koiopoe npopoKi* le- 
peMifl oOpaaao roBopu/]i»: i,On» ioboctu cbocA 6hijn> 
oHT> B-fe noKO'fe, CHjxi^Jii» Ha jiposK^Kaxi* CBonxia, uc 
OuniM nepejiHBaeiii, Rs-bcocyiia btj cocyjiTb h bi» n.q^HT* 
we xoAWJii»; OT-b Toro ocraBajiCJi bv iieMi* ero BKycb, 
H aanaxi* ero ne BujioxByjiC5i'' ') (lepeii. 48, 11). He 
3Toro Gujio jxocTaxo^iHo jijxsi BunojiHeHisi tojilko nep 
BOHanaJitBofl aajxa^ii M3panji«, njiii^ Jiy^uic, jijih bm-^ 
nojiHeHJH iiepBoa no-ioBiiHU arofi aajiasn, cocTOHBtnefl 
RT» yTBepMcneHia iynaH3Ma iia HesbiG/ieMbixi* ocBOBa- 
Hisixi. B-h cpejili caMRX-b cBpcCB-b, Ci» H3ui&ueHieMi. 
^e nojiHTH'iecKaro cocto^biji CBpeflcKaro HapoAHt 
Kpyri. ero 3ajia«ia pacmBp>i.iCH. IIsi* orpanuieHBofl c4)e- 
pu BBxepecoBi. HauioiiajiLHocTii it HeSojihiuofl reppa- 

TOpiH, XOnOMli BCTOpBHCCKHXli COOWTlfl B CHJIOK) 05- 

cTOflTCJibCTBi. aapojiij ^Ton. Cuji-b BuasBByT'b Ha apc- 
uy BceMipuux-b BHrepecoBi., jiyxoBHUxi. n Marepiant- 
iiuxT., H oGpeHenHufl BrpaTi> bbabuo jo/ibKo crpana- 

TeJlbHyiO po/lb, 011% TtMTi He Meutc BCHKOMy HHU3JH* 

TeJibHOMy Ha6.^io^aTe/Jlo npeacraB-TsieTCii jifeflTejihuwMi* 

f|taKTOpOA^l> Bl» BCTOpJH yMCTBCHHarO paaOBTia MCJlOB'fe- 

^lecKaro pojia. Rjia Toro, qioGT, ycnl^uiHO Buno/msiTi. 
3Ty CBOio aana'iy, npejicraBBTeJiii ij^^aBSMa HM^ion. 
iloofiHyio paOoiy* Ci* ojiHofl ciopoHU bm-k Heo6xoTiiiuo 
saGoxnTLCfl o coxpaneHiH b jiajifcu1;ameMi> pasBBxiH 
CBoero coCcxBeBHaro, uauiouajibBaro, xaKi* Kaici> 5C'ai» 
uero HeMucjiBMo noJiroBi&^iHoe cymecTBOBaHie caiiofl 
uauifl, a cii Apyrofi — OHM no;i>KHij cauii cxpcMoxt-cji 



.^' 



Sk ^*?rQ p-iin hH'. i^T!3r hn «^n episn w.yi'z anna pKP (• 



yioik^'iecicofl Ry/ibTyptj tt ki» uocnrnMouy con^^Qiniio 
iHom% :iiiiriiceuift imcpejii*. To/iUKOirii rapMoiiHHec- 
coAii. co^itmiiiii oO^axi. ^aCrcfl BadaaHHoH aajiaHit iy- 
irAciiK) MlttcTb CBofl Hyn^itiiijfi tals^n d*Hru u cboio 

loch ptmnTi. ee yjioiuieTifopi*Te/ihNjJMi- oGpiiao^iiii td 
iipt'Mii 0T«i;naJioci, KiiKi*6;iccTaiiian auoxa bi» iic- 
TOpiii tfinuero iuipo;ui. l\% cpcaaic o^Ka, KaKT> si y)Ke 
iM%jnn'h^ 'no 6u jio nHtroJiticno Hamiy'imuiiii orjpa- 
jurh Wh ilcoayiii, Ilpii £*tomi. oOpautaei^ Ha ce6ji 
BHBMatile C-it,iyiotnce un/ieHie, Bi* osHaqeHiiofl crpa- 
$v^ eupen najiuaoji^iJiHCb Oijpoj.iojj>KCHtc j^ojiraro Bpc- 
Mcisn caoKoHcTitteMii u M«iTepia.ibHLaui>6jiarococrojapJ' 
' awn upic«a; iiT» Jiepoye rifltb b^kobi* xpiicii* 

, no l>6palXICBiH BCCTlj*rOTOHl. BliKaTOJIli^4CCTI30, 

BO BiopoA pa3>. — OTii VIII ;io Xll cto/ifeiisi, npn 

^iiycyjiiiiiaei:Koui* BJiajiwnecTfif* j^o iipec.ii&nOBanifS a#- 

pnicaHCKitxh ^atiaTtiKDoiM iiajtlscTUUKi* uuiii» iiasBa* 

>iicwi- A.nii-MoranoHi.; npii nt^u^ Btopofl uepiom> ca- 

MUMii Buruiinbi^tii o6pa30Mi3 oLiHTacTCH oTii ncpBaro 

KucBBO BCJi'fe.icTDie Toro, mo wh nocjitanif! pa3b 

swi%tnoBUe nkoiin iiaiiiH CTa/iw ua iiacioMiuyto jiopory 

tt yrrnia^iM to, hto cocrHti;i5ieTT> HCHaaeKfiuft (icpwi* iy- 

u On» BTHxti D^iiiux-b ^a^Jii'iainfl no^BOJtbTC iiiih 

..A B dpDCBiii B3r.i»jii» ua cocTosiHie itaiiiiixi* 

• 'UJHoir&ptieB'b .la noc;i1;;iHi^ B3i> iiaanaHUUxi* ucpio* 

nib. 

^Iccsitoe CTOiiliTie cupaBe^iJiwrto c^HTaeTCH aojio- 
iiiit B T apa6cKofi llcimubh Bt* ua^aji* aTora 

iEa A . xMaHii III, uoToaioKi. oMMaiijacKofl rh- 

jiaciiif* ncTpeO/ieiiHuft ni* A^iit ocHOHaTt?Ji«MH ;tpyroft 
i^CKoQ jiwiiacTiH— A50aciifiaw»t^ ycuii/it cot;;tmniTh 
cuaiiRii* roctio/iCTuoMif pa^po^ueiitiysi jio cuK'h 
BTopit MyxaniicnaHCKifl BAa;iifeHiii aa Bccin> nnpcHeft- 
cauii uojiyocxpouli h, iipuH»nii xnTyjiTi xaJiij^^^i, BM^Jfe- 
cT^ ch Ttu\, :ioKaaajii., mo Tiityjn. aron* ae iiycTolV 



tl CBJiTOCtH ;iyuni, ofiiuaro *iejio«f.ifOJiioC5i^ u imuio- 

. MJI. COBOKyiUIOCTl. BC^El. 9rtlKT» 

I. iiacx t1>mt* 5o/i1;c m* unnrh. 



aayicii neciojiKiGHBaro uTiacTe.TiiHa, ho riiojiiiIv aacjiy- 
;*ceHHoe 3BaHie. IIh ho loro BpeBdeuii^ iiu noc,i*fe, hc- 
iiancKifl npecTOJiT* He (5w;n> 0Kpy>Keui» trkhm-b 5jtec*^ 
KOM'fa BH^ rocyjiapcTBa u TaKiiMT> 6;iaroneHCTBieiiii 
iJoimaHHbixi. BHyipH ero. TTo^ith Bcfe Tor;xamui5i ae- 
jiHKJH ncp>KaBu, BHaauTiflCKifl II repMaHCicifl nwnepa- 

TOpM, KOpOJIb HaBappCKia, C.iaBHHCKie KHH3BH H Jip. 

HCicajiH jipy>K6w HOBaro xajiB(t!>a, h Ilcaaaia Ou/ia Tor- 
jxa caMtiM'b iiBfeTyinnsiT* rocvAapcTBOMi* oTHOCiiTejrtao 
aewjienifejiisi, Many(|)aKTypHofl iipoMuinjieHHocTH h kom- 
MepHecKHxi.cuomeHiflc-biJOCTOKOMi>ii3ananoMi>, Bci&M-b 
dTBM'b nil Becbwa aHaHaxeJiLHoft cxeneHif A6jiyppax- 
MaHi> o65(3aHi. 6faiji"b cBpeftCKOMy canoBHHKy CBoeiiyi 
P. Xacnaii iI6Hi>-lIIanpyTy, aaB-fenuDaBiueMy rocyjiap- < 
cTBeuKLtMB (|)tiBaucaMn, Hpe3i> Kotoparo mjiii raiCTiCe 
Bci^ AHiiJiOMriTiPiecKiH cnoineHiJi ci> UHocxpaHHUMH Jiep- 
>KaBaBiiii. OGjiajiaH o5tnnpHbiftii> yMOMi. b MHorocxopoH- 
BiiM-B oOpaaoBaHieM-b, P, XacaaH jxi&flcxBOBaJi"b omiHa- 
KOBO vcni^inHo Ha rocynapcxBCHHOMx., HayHHOMi* H(jni- 
jianxponfiHecKOM-B noapBmax-b^ n B036y}Kjia5i yjimmjie^i 
Hie Bii cooTe'^ecTBeHHHlcax'b ii HHOCxpaHuaxt, *) oh'e 
3acjiy>Knji'b eme oco6eHHyio npnsHaxejibHocxb co cxo- 
poHw cBOBx-b enHHOBi&paeBT», KoxopuM"B OKa3aJti> He- 
3a6BeHBbifl ycjiyra. Jt-fejio bt> xomt*, hxo KaKi> hii Ojia- 
rocKJioHHo oxHOcii.Tiocb npocBtmeHHoe apa6cKoe npa- 

BHXeJlbCXBO K-h HCnaHCKHM-b eBpCHMX. B005!tie, 9TO dU' 

JIG ct ero cxopoHUy jio noaBjieHia II5H'b-IlIanpyxa, ue 
Ooji'fee K'dKi» no6poBOJibHoe cHBCxoicjteHie, Koxopoe He 
Bccraa jiaBajiocL b He Bcerna orpa^KAajio CBpeflcKoe 
HacejieHic oxii npoH3BOJibuuxi» A'&ficxBiA Hncine& aji- 

MBHHCXpaaiH H 0X1. CJiyHaflHbIXl> npHT^CHCHifl CO cxo- 



MB'bBie xpiieTiaHCRnxia coBpeueRUBRoaif o neui> coxpAmiAn 
HJieubi nocojrbcTBa ro^iMaucnaro unuepATopa Ottoqa I bi* Ilcnairin 
(B'b 956 r. no P. X.): *Et primo qaidem lucleum ([ncindttra eui 
nomoii Hasdeu (XacAan), quo iiommfm iinquam pnnleuliorem 66 
vidisso aiit audisse nostri testati sunt, atl eosinissit(rox arabonitn)»; 
CM. Acta sanctorum, ed. Boiland III, 71H; Periz, Monumeota Ger* 
matiiae (scriptorum) 1\% 371 — 372; Hon CicaaaHifl eap. njicarejcll 
xaaapaxT. (Cq6. IR74), cfp. 79. 



fKry/!** IXiEwii- 



15 



po«M ■lepaii, BCKOfni upuBmruiei bdh^tl B-h em- 
penxii itMitico uoiriittieituyxip, a uc noMejiBBaio- 
miixti.. Bto ttO/i03icc«ie Bemtd cpaay nepeMtnajiocu 

C"fc ThX^ tlDp-b* KKKl* Opaajtlil UpaBTICHlsi 0-^ ItCllaB 

CKOWh xajiii4)ar^ jicpctujiB et* pvKH BceKforymaro P. 
kaCAaii, KOTopud iiocxaiiJiJi.ii* cnoicoHcTBie h cnpa- 

f»ejtiiUMi>e OTIIUUUeilie CU CIOpOHU Djmi*Ml€JlbCTBeHli£JX% 

[S-ipottcnoB^^tauia. Dy;iyHii ciiMi. yneiiun^ h y*iaciByji 

Tpyjiaxi» no yqcuofl apaGcKofl jiHTepatyp'fe, P. Xac- 

MUoro cojii^^CTfiOBanii 3apo>KaeHiiQ caMocTOflxcjii*' 

^Bai eiipeflicicoA nayKH u Jiuiepaxypu bi> Hciiaiiiii » 

in» HifpooU. 1 aitt OTHO€BTeiti>Bo uay^ienift pe;mrioa- 

izi^ ami:ouoii>, ero cooTeHecxBeHHaKn if Ecife CBpo- 

leficElc eBpeit booGuic (3ujiii jio ero BpeMctici s-^ uoji- 

qA aaenoiMOCTii on, BaBiijioHiH h oti. aBtopHxera 

l&ltiJioBCitiX'b aKajieMif^; axoMy 6ujk'h uojioMtE^ ko- 

ieii% GCttonanieu^ b^ Kopiioa^ caMOCxoxTejii^noA xaji- 

iy:u!*iccKofi iiKaneMhi nom> rjiJipeifCTuoM^ npuBesen- 

!XT» aa-b BaBiinoHiH nji-feiiHUKOB'ij 1\ MoMceM n cyHa 

P. Xauoxa- llayKa cBpeilcKaro saiaicoanayift 6ujta 

coi^iiasa ronia a^pHicaucKaMn ayxojmaMU Meaa^aKioMx. 

GeHih CapyKXi a iXoBameM-bf KoxopHe o0& Haxo;iRJiHCi» 

iOjt'h noK poaexe JIBCTBOMT2 HOhx - HI anpyra . Ton ho 

« iiaBa-ciipe§cKaM noaaisi ciaJiit tonia ua Honi, 

faro;iap« ero )Ke saOoTaisii* o ueft, Hctohuiikom^ 

ictxii 3iiiX'b HaHHiiadifJ, paaao KaKi? h MHoropaajiHq- 

iiLAXi* aRomeHiO^ c^i GojibuiHMB yciuilnMit no^i/iep^a- 

iHtiiiiXcsi ti»ii. c% myKOBiiiitidn n cBl^rcKByB upeitcxa- 

TCJi^:itH cBpeftcxBa Bi> pa^iauxx* cipaHaxT> (Me>Kiiy 

ynnwh n c^ xa^apcKiiMi* napewi* iia 5cpcraxi» 

jure; cm. ^HspeficK. Bii6.fiioTeKa'' 1\ VU ii V^Iil), 

fXctura dearpaHunaaH Jiio6oBb Xaciiaa K'b caoeuy 

lJ>o;iy, KOTOpyio OUT* coe;iHiiajn> c^ acTUBHMM'fc 

liMeie;ioBl.*i*:CKifMi. iipoctit>iH*^**iieM'i* R ci» coBepmeH- 

>io iipdaiiiiociiKj cBoewy rocynapcxny ii caoeMy oie* 

jiccTBy. BoaMnKBOBCBiK) 3*cc cBpi*ficicoft no^BtH najio 

^pauft lonncKTi n ero najibHtflaicwy paaBittiio 6jja- 



canTDCTit jiyiijii, ofjiiiaro 'fejioB%sci}.nK)5isi u iiaiiio- 

■oKyiiiiocTi. Hcibxii ^luxii 
ti>Mii 6ojiKt: in» KKiirIi, 
anxoptb KOXo|>oA ue noxo^Ki* ua xojfoitiiiax'b, paac^ex- 

2 



InrriiA pAJiHnn. 



17 



DuimmaTUcji iia ihctomi^ :lI>CBltl!•lrltpf§cKOAal^ s^mk^, 
npitioii'ii OTOopiiUMi] nupn^ceutHitti a i!3imiiEi&ii> 
norowu^ oiin rac'iutita.ia xiopory nociitnyioamMi*, 
3*(lL^ynnti-iitiifo T2i.inirT,Titi&iiitii», uodTAMii. 

ricpjiyit iiacTO^iiitJ3 noaTn^jccKia iipoii.iTiejieiiiji uo- 
"iBBfLXiiiciB J ncaaBCKRx-b enpeeifi^ Jiniiu. cb luriiuin 

ru'llarjiiiaK Kcubpufl upejicTUiiJiMtTi* co6ok> pijiKift 
opouipi* 6l.,i»uiro ynciiaro, ;5ocrHriiiaro caMa.ro bmc- 
tnaro ijocth in* luioB^ptieeKOM^ rocy;iapcTBl>, OnsiTO- 
3»pa cBoewy uBcaTCJtiiCKOBiy xajiaHTy, JIjim xoro, «ito6i» 
iiMtTU noBaiiG o rcHlajii.HMXi« cnoco5nocTflxm H6111.- 
!lar:ymu^ /lOGraToiiio Oy;ieT^ CKiisan. au^cb^ mo, aa- 
jDiifl liiiyrpeHHMMM m nukmuitMu ni^jiaMii FpaHa^- 
'j rocyiiapciiia ui> bcclme 6ypnoc upeua, Koriia 
inso^QJiaCLp neCTSi hectus boAhw opyjKieiii* h no- 
SEBBue ji&ajioMaTaiecKie lypnupw, ?>To-n. Busupb 
mixoitiiirb cme Aocxaiouuo itpeneitit jinn toto, 'ttoOi. 
ncnoJiiiitii* :io,i>icBocTfa peKiopa ni* TajiMynttiecKofl 
^SKluteiitit^ ro/iKOBaxB cDOHMii yHeiiuKiiMTj BhCjiiio, ee- 
ofinittpiiyiu y^eHyio KoppccooancBiiiio co Bcifena 
)epcMctfiiButi ewy yienyMB, cocraBJiHtii pejiHrioi- 
t^ rpaMVETniecKlfl 11 fio3Taieci:iii conHHeiiia h iie 
Tait/uiTii deaii DtnliTa im onnoro wait Muoro<iHCJieu- 
ixi» cTHXOTBopeuil, iiiicaBmtixcji B*b cro hcctl, 
JIccTOoe mrUnic cro EroBpeucfiBitKoBi* 11 nocji*i;iyio- 
'" r h KpUTiiiCQB% O01* ero nonTimecicoMii TaiiaiiTH bti 
I Itjuiee BpeMiii fmiicxaTejiMio oripaujiajioci., fjjuiro- 
ipK lOMy o6cTOHTejibCTBy, ^to iMia'HiTe/iMjaH ^lacrti 
ro cTJixoTBopcHi^ HejiaDHo 6un^ Biifijietia weiKny py- 
iMcsMii aalmHeft llMpepaTopcKo^ oy6jia»moft flti(5jiio- 

*). Hill. HHXTb JtefKD yCMOTpf.TLi KaKOft BCJIHKJd 

uficpeiti* c^ii^naJia eBpeOcKasi iio^sia co BpeiieHB 



') C«* »ii« StiiJi«^u uuel Mittlif^il«iii^«?n am dor KdiserJichen 
lilfrnilidicii BiMiQlliek I TMl (CaC X8?S»). ,T3m hm^Pfie 31 |n3T 



liacTii naci» TiiMi* Go/ilic ni. Kriiiri;» 

'jiHTOpi. £0lll|lOfl lie UOXO;iC-l* na XOJlOJUIMX-b, pJI3<HCT- 



Ii:r>'iiA rAJlfiSN, 



1^> 



fCfuii opuHcifi* aepBoc apeBocxoniiri* uitorD noci-^a- 

IIOID 6% HpaiJu:TBcaiJOMib OTnonteiiitt. To>iuo tax^cc ti 

7BMli» ero npoBiiKiiym fiojii^uioo HacTbJO niy^oKima 

>HiiociX^C]C»Mti iiiie>i»it. ]V3Hjviipy>i bo uuorm%rk cbq* 

IX*^ CTMxoTiiop^^iiiiixnu pejy;n.TiiTM BC^%ib CDBpeii^Q- 

BcpvuHtCKM cipcMaTca apopfiiBaTb aaisiicy, iipenaT- 

Cl^ByiOlUfKI CllCpTBllM1» C03epItaXi> B-b CBOeMl> yMl 

rt^iiiiiTi. irpaO;ieiiii oCyh oitioiiieHistxi* C03- 
^pevm i^Ip cijot^wy iiiopeutKi it a t-yumocTM 6e3icoHe^* 
>, tio^n« ciioiia c>i!;no ctpcMHTC« bi* Biy nynnHy, 
onjiTti orpauH<icBHocTi» ^cjioB-iiiecKHjc^ cnji^ BBep- 
icn* cro Bib yHUBie b nc^ajiii. Bra BHyipefidAii 
Sopi>da, 3aHajiaBiiia5f P. CoJiououa BupoAO^Jicuin'e ucefi 
;*icisjtiiii 11 (mlvioiiitin xinorQ ontiuuu ci. ocjioitiioio 
4iicc0 KiiiiTH Iowa II retcticKaio Oaycxa, naJiCKo 
iiiiiiaKO ne iiCHepouuaeTi. iiaunca cro Myay; rJiy6oici§ 
ii03Ti»-iiMc;titTe;it> BAxonitTij n% ce6i& nocraTO^mo My- 
jsiccTBa^ ^To5i, upejjaBaThc^ u 6qji%c cDOKoflHOMy re- 
leiiiiQ Mucned o o6pa5oTHBaTb oObntHOBeuHyio cBHa- 
jraiiunyio h cB^iCKyio noBaiJo, bi> KoTopoft oa^ 

|«erCE UCpBOKJiaCUUltfl, Xyjl03l£HHKDMl>, XOTS H Bl* 

piofi3i>ejieBlsi3c-u atoro pona pasMLiinjieHiH (|>ttJioco#a 

icra npupttfiBaioTcsi eapyjicy. Bij MaamectB^ $opin> 

liJiacfii^iiocTE CTHxa aaMf^nacics y HfiHT>*reOH 

rpoiia;iuu& nporpecct othocvjic/h^iio npe:iuie' 

^litmicoiii*. Ka.K'h bc^xi> itKea;tbiio nacTpoeuuHxi^ 

iit4coKi>iipaficTBeHHLix'i> Jiioneit, Tax:!* h HGaib^Tcda- 

ijm Bc Morna ynoBjiexBopsn, 6yABBiHaji oOcraHOBiCa 

^BCCiiiicBHOi Austin, H HCCooTB-^TCTBic oKpy>Kaiomefl 

IftCTBETe/i^nocTH Cb ero ujicaJiaMii My0OKO orop- 

10 ero, Rcjrtucxnie lero Jinpa ero o6uicfioBeiiHo 

ncrpociiiH rpyctiiaro 11 Mpa^imiro, «iciiy Muoro co- 

sAcTBOBajiu TaK;K<: ticna;ii«uyH D6cTosTejTi>CTBa Mm3- 

cattoro noaia. CoxpaBii/iKCL onHaKo a o6pa3iiu 

flCEfO-HeCCJIMX'B CTIlXOTBOpeiliA^ iseMjkf npo4iiui> 

^Jiecniaii canipa nskU,% CKyiiuM-b xoaHaBOMi>f ko- 



1] cttnTocTO ;iyinn, ofimaro *iejiOBiiico,nio(!!iiii h iiauio- 
{ti ^>Ma, CouoKyniiocTb Bdixi* aiiixx 

lb liacb rtai* Oon^t bi* KitmiM 
aiiioirb Ktmjpafi Be ROXOJKi, iia xa;io«iniaxT», paac^itT- 



lEry^A rA.nEBH. 21 



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I 



') D^;D**e, cocTasBTCJR .iHTyprnHecKiixi. rimHOB-b. 
*) mwy ,nm^D ,n^^^p ,ifiiH ,nS^T 



OIBPOTU H BOaBHIIICHHOCTII BBFJlMJlOirh, MHCTOTU CCpjlUa 

n CJJ^TOCTH ;;yiuii, oOiuaro 'icjioB'tKOJiioOisi m iiauio- 
iiaJiBHaro naxpioTiiaMa. CojioKviinocTb bcIsxt. arHx-b 
KanecTB'B na-tiiHeTi. iiacb t-Lmt, 6ojiifee hi, KHiirt, 

aBTOpl» KOTOpOfl HC IIOXOyKT, Ha XOJIOJIIIUXT,, paSCMCT- 



2 






CXift eSI OTnfkjTh 6blJl'I> IlOCBHUiaeM-B lUllI HIIJlMBHUyaJIL- 

BUM-b BnenaTJi'feHisiM'b h omyuicHiflu-b iioaroB-b bcji']&zi- 

CTBie IipHKJIIOMeHiii HX1> JIIi41IIJXl> H OJlH3KHX-b YIMl* 

Jiiojiefl, iiJiH ^e OH-b HM'l&.i'b iipcuMcroM-b oGukuoucii- 

Bue MOTHBU apaCcfcofl iioaaiii: jipy^KCy, jkoGohl, iipo- 

cjiaBJieBic ciiJibiiuxb Mipa cero ii t. ii. Vxjiw y^e Gpa- 

jiuci> HHonia TCMU oGuxaro xapaKTepa, ToiieiipeM-&iiHO 

Taxisi, KOTopusi iieiiocpcacTBeiiEio saTponiHajm ii jihh- 

Boe uyBCTBO no3TOBi>, H Ha cKO-'ibKo jiaunufl iipcM- 

ueTh OTpaHcajicsi Ha nocjiliUHHX-b cyG-beKTHimo. Oa- 

BBMb cjioBOMii, ^TO GidJiii no33ismi&.'iiiKoaii'b apaucKaH, 

no nyxy u no iianpaBJieHiio, iiepeca>keHJiaH na eiipefl- 

CKyio noiBy, Hto jkc KacaeTCH jiiiTyprHMecKoft iioaaiii, l| 

TO KpoM-]^ T'fexb ripoM3Be;ieiiift, uf)pa3uia;MH Koropuxi* 

6i>i;iH zianu jipeBHHMii uaumaHUMi, *) ii crajiH crepeo- 

TBOBUMU, KaK-b Haiip. AnOfKf, Cf'.W.ia. L'fjforjft, (hfnUih, 

3yAam% ^) h t. ;j., ucnaHCKic iipejuiiecTBenHHKH P. 
leryjtw o6pa6aTiJna.'iii npeHMymecTueiiHO pe;iiirio3Ho- 
BpaBCTBeHHux H ({)n;ioco$CKiH TCMij, Tco:iimeii n koc- 
MO.iorii>iecKiH jioktphhm, kotcpijh nocsiTb yHiiucpciUii*- 
Bufi xapaKTep-b ii HHuero crieiuict)iiMccKii-HaiuoHa;iL- 

BarO He HM'l^lOT-b. npUTOMb, (|)H.10C0Cl)CKiH H KOCMO- 

jiorenecKiH B033p'&Hisi hc oivmuaiOTCH, KaKij iisBiiCTHo, 

flOCTOSinCTBOMb, a BH:iOH3Ml&HHIOTCil HC TO.lhKO y JIK)- 

aeft pasHbixi. noKOJifiHiii, ho MacTO n y coBpcMeHHu- 

KOBli, II CBfl3MBaTb IlXb Cb Iif>HH010 HCIKUl'l^HMnUOK:) 

noasieio bo BCflKOMb cjiynafi HccooOpaaiio. TaKiH iio- 

BBTIH, HUHi^ Ka^KymiHCH HcIMb IipOCTtJMII H 3JieMeH- 
TapBIJMUf COBCi^Mli 6UJIII HeilSIfl^CTIILI Hb JipeHIIOCTM, 

B Beo6xo;iBMo Gbijio jihhtlcm roHia/iLHOMy iL03Ty-Mbic- 
jiBTejiK), KOTopufl Mori* B03Bucini,CH :\o TaKofi uneii. 
3tbmi> reHiajibHUMb wy/KCM-b Cij.i-b P. lery^a rajienii, 

K'h OHCpKy 3KM3HI1 H JlfcHTCJlbHOCTlI KOTOparO H II IIC- 

pezo)Ky. 



/ 



22 



ii4r>!i^ I AJifLUii, 



Bix KOHU'^ XI If Haaajii^ XII croji'i^Tiji apaCcKC 
MorymecTBo Ha ITiipeHeflcKoaji, nojiyocxpoB^, bcjiI 

CTBie MOKiXOyCOCHR-b MyCyJlbltaHCKHX-b KH93efi,Ha*ll 

KJioHHTtcii KiivnanKy. Bthmii o^cTOflxejitcTBOifb nc 
aoBajiHCK xpHCTiaiicKie iKHiejiH rtBepaofl Hcnas 
DpeHMymecTBeBHo KacTi[;ii>mj, ^loS-b see Coji^e ni 
Jii&e oxrfecHSJTb MaBpoBi> ki> lory, xoth boAhu, Bibl 
TopLix-b OTJiinajicH HcnaHCichi »aiiioHa.ibHud rtg 
Cu&h^ Bejiiicb eme ci. nepeM-feHHUM-BC^acTicMT., Bcj 
CTBie 3Tofl iiocTOHHHofl OopuGhi H apaGCKuro BJlbiG 
Bi> KacTBJiiH Bt TO BpeMH Ba'iajii> paaBiiBarfcCH nKyi 
Ki» no33in, H Toma .o6pa30BajiHci> pa3HUJt nap 
UQBTH^ecKiH CKaaaHia, Bouiejitiiisi bi> cociaB'b l^^ . 
Hofi no3Mbi o CHjii&. OriacTH h3i. nojinTHiecKHx-b Bit* 
;iOBi> H orqacTu raic^e no;i'B Bjii$iBi€Mi> MaspoBrb, bo* I 
npcKH HacxaBjieHiirM'b uai* PoMa nanbi rpHropia V*IIj 
npHroTOBHBmaro Hi&MeuicoMy BMncpaxopy Kanoccy nl 
^KajioBaBiijarocH Ha xo, «ixo „eBpeii BJiajiuqecxByion. j 
BTh KacTBJiiH Hajii> xpHcxiaHaMH*', xaM-B rocnojicTBO* 
BaJia Bi&poTepnHMOCTb, h Kopojib AJib(j)oBCo VI *ia<j 
BBi^pajiii eBpesMi*, oojitaoBaBmHAics! dojihok) 
jiaHCKOio npaBocnoco6HOcxbio, BucoKisi rocyjiapc 
HUH jioJi>KHocTH, DpCBMy luecxBeBHo oo HacxH nail 
MaxiH. Bi. 9Ty-xo nopy okojio 1080 rona, poniui^ 
B-fepoHxuo, Bx, ropoA'fe ToJieaa, bi, iohcbo^ Kacx 
P. leryna raJieBR (no apaGcKn OH:b Ha3UBaJic${ A6yig 
XacaHOMT* Ajib-JIanw). JXji^ HsyqeHia 6orocjiOBCKii 

B CBi^TCKHXX* HayXT,, OH1» BT> MO/lOHOCTM 6ti;il> OTaj 

Jien-h cBOHM-b oxacMii P. dudynjiowh (lura ;Ke 
oxnpaBifjicH) Ha iori>, bt> apaOcKyio Hcuauiio, Tor-'-T 
aee cpeKoxo^iie KyjibxypHaro Mipa. Ho MB-feaiio 
TopLixt, MOJionofi AGyjib-XacaH'b H3yHajn> C^ 
B-b CJiaBHOfl Ta.iMynnsecKofl uiKOJii^ P. ilea: 
j)acif B"b Jlyceai^, Bo bcakomi* cjiy^ai& n3Bi&cxHO, 
OKI. nay^ajii. Me^iHUOHy, HeoGxojXBMyio Tor;iamm 
cnyxHHqy Ka>tcnaro saaHHxejitHaro yieHaro n oxJiif! 



r 



TEryjiA Fajiisbh. 



23 



Bnaxci^'B apaGcKiisi-b ii KacTUjiiiCKHMi> hsukhuh. Csl- 
Mue ^e 6JiucTaTejibHue ycn-l^xH out* o^HapyMCUBaji-b 
Bit jipeBHe-eBpeficKOM7> h3uk1s ii uecbMa paiio c;ii&- 
Jiajic5i jnoSiiMtxeM-b Myau; CTtiKOTnopeiiiH, luicaiiuux 
BWh HyxB He B-h 13-Tn-ji-fiTHeMi> woapacTife, BoaGy^K- 
jiajiH yxiHBjieuie y^ce Bspocjiux-B h oinjTHuxT» iioa- 

TOBl>, MCMCay 1IP04HM1>, P. MOHCCH nGH'L-3.jpiJ, CXaB- 

maro ct. rfexi* uopi» ero apyroM-b. BjianliM aocTaroH- 
HUMH iiaTcpia^ihiiUMH cpencTBaMii, P. Icryjia Mon» 
cnoKofiHO iipejiaBaTbCM moGiiMUM-b aaii^TinM-b jiiirepa- 
TypoK) H HavKaMu. KpoM'l^ Me;uiiuinu, h3ukori> ii iio3- 
BIB, OHT. ycep;ino saHiiMaJicH iiayMCHieM-b rpcMecKo- 
apa6cKofl $Hjioco<|>iu. 

IIo OKOBHauiH CBoero Haymaro BociiiiTaiiiH, aa- 
uacoiHCb CoraxuMii iioaHaniaMii, AGy;ii,-Xacaini, KaKi* 
noJiaraiOT-b, B03BpaTH/icH na pcmiiy, ui, Kacxiuiiio, ii 
^ejluiiHUCKaH npaKTHKa, iia oGinepiiocTh Koropofl oin» 
Aaxce >KaJiOBajic$! ht> iincbMaxi> ki^ iipy3bflMi> M, hc 
Mi^majia cMy Bce Go.Tr,e h Go.tLc caMocoucpiiieHCTBo- 
BaTbCii H flyxoBHo oGoramaTbCH. Ero pejiiirio3Ho-4)H- 
jioco$CKoe iipoii3Bencnie, o KoxopoMi. Gyjiex'b y MeiiH 
P'iHb Bncpejiii, oGnapyMCiinacxi. ero ox.xhmiioc aiiaKOM- 

CTBO CO BC^MH IISBliCXHUMlI XO^a XBOpCHiHMH rpC'ie- 

CKHX-b II apaGcKux-b (|)ujioco({)obi>, McjiukOBb 11 ecxe- 
CTBOB^jlOBi*, He roBopH yHCc o iipcHocxo/inbixt ero 
no3HaHisixi> no BC'tMi> oxpacjiHM-b eBpcficKofi iiayKH. 

CKOJIbKO Jl^Th npO^KHJIT, oWh B1> XaKOMl^ iiojio^Keniii 

BTb Tojiejio— HeH3B-£cxiio. Il3-b oxpuiHOHHux-b cniiat>Hift 
B HaMeKOB-B Bi. cxuxoxBopeiiinxi* biiaho, mxo cbiHoncfl 

OHl» He HM'fejl'b II HXO OXl* e^^IIHCXBCHIiOft JlOMCpH y 

Bero 6ujvh BHyK-b. Bi» aKpocxiixi; oaHofi y;ieriii 
(KBHa) Ha 9-fl aenb MliCHna A6h 3iia'nixcH Lnun, VaAemi 
(AOHb rajiesn) m BecbMa Bifepoaxiio iipe;uiojio>Keiiic, 
^TO 3X0 npoHSBeAenie jio'iepii iiaiiiero AOyjib-Xa- 
casa *). noBHURMOMy, Hccjianie ^Kiixb bt, y»ieHOMi> 

') Cp. ero nicbMO in> J!(aRiiAy IlapOoiiH n-h MOOM-b nsA. 7\'^\7\'^ 'n 
rfm ^. I. (Bapmasa 1893), cTp. 150. 

•j Cm. M^n ry'x^TX^ 'i xaii-b-Hie, cxp. 178. 



I 



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IfTBBUlHX'b MaXL'piMXb i- 1> i4iKiiaiJt> *.uc;uiticiiican> 
OIBPOTU H BOSBWUICHHOCXIl uarJlMAOIJ'b, MHCXOXU CCpAUa 

H CBATOCXH Jiyuiii, oOmaro MCJiOB'LKOJiioGiH h iiauio- 
iiaJibHaro naxpioxusNia. CoBOKyimocxb nci&xT. sxhxt, 
tcanecTB'B naifeHHCx-b iiaci* xIsmt, Gojiiie B-b Kiiiirij, 

aBTOP'b KOTOpOfl HC HOXOyKT* lia XO-IOJIHUXT*, paSCHCX- 



/ 



24 



liiPyjiA Fajiedh. 






CBpcficKOM-b neiiTpi^ 6jin3K0 oti> ;ipy3KecTBCiiHUXi» 
ynciiuxi* II iioDTOBi,, ne ^^anajio CMy ycnoKOiiTbCH, h 
MM no:noMy 3«iCTaeM"i* ero liiiocji-fejiCTniii ;KiibymHMi> 
DT» Kop;ioBl>, B-b apaOcKoft nacTii TiciiaHiii. Bi. 
1140 ro.iy, Kor;ia iiaiiicMy rioaiy Oujio yxce okojio 
(;0 Jilirb OTT* po;iy, oin> lUjCKa^ajii* iiyCjiH'iHO xBcp- 
;iyio ptiiiiiMOCTb iipiijjccTii iii» HCiiojiiieHic AaBiio aa- 
;iyMaHiioe, MO/KCX'b 6ijtl iio ;uiHnoMy oGLtv, bcjiI^ji- 
CTBie iniTcpH uM-h >KciiiJ, nopcccjicuic B-b IcpycaJiHM-b. 
Hh y:^ij H^>Kiioa JiK)6Bn k"l ;i'IiTflM'b, hu cjijibiiaH iipii- 
iJHsannocTh ki> MnorouiicjicnHUM-b ;ipy3bHMi* ii pomiofi 
3CMJiTi, ne Morjiii iioKOJiefiaTb bi* hcmi> aroro pfjiue- 
lUH. llpouianie co choiimb b cu npysbSMH, npo'^fesji'B 
Mepe3'b BCiiaiiCKie ropojia n BCTyiiJieiiie Ba KopaGjib, 
iipBOuiie Bi. luHuex-b, rais uoirr-b hm-I^j]!* TaK>Ke MHoro 
;ipy3eii n rjvh om» iipnHy>K;ieHb Gujit* ociaBaTbCH Yvh- 

KOTOpOC BpCMH, OT'b1i3,^l* OTTViXa BT. ITaJlCCTHBy — BCC 

:iTO noxojifijio na Tpiy.vKJiajibnoe niccTBic ii bi> Buciuefi 
CTcncnii BHiepecoBajU) TorjiauiHic y^ieno-JiHTcparypHue 
u-py>KKH. Ho ci> axoro MOMCBxa Bncsaiiiio npepuBaexcii 
Burb BfiBiuxb cBii;rl&Hifl, h repofl HC'ie3acx'b bi* MpaKi^ 
6c3Bi;cxB0cxB, Hxo iidajio Hapo;uiofl $aBxa3in iiOBOJii* 
iipoH3Becrn iipcKpacnyio jicreB;iy. IIo est c.-iOBaM-b, P. 
Icryjia, iipii ;iocxii>KeBiii Bpaxi. IcpycajiHMa, npHOiejii* 
BT* neoinicanBuft Bocxopn* h bi* iixoM-b BOCxopMceH- 
HOMi> cocroHnin coMHnn.Xb i\ iipojieKjiaMHpoBaJii* 
rpoMKo n ci> 'ivBcxBOM-b ii3Bljcxiiyio CBOK) 3-neriK), na- 
MHiiaiouiyiocH cjioBa.Mn: ,,Hiom wao muwaAU*^ *); ho 
o;uiH'b apaGcKifl Bca^iniiK-b, KoxopoMy ^^ocaano 6ujio 

BBAliXb BTi CBpC'Tj CXO-lbKO JHOGbb II npCflaBBOCXH CBH- 

xoMy rpaay, pacxouxajn, cro KoiiuxaMii ceoefl Jio- 
niaaB. y>Ke jiaBiio KpBxiiku 3aMfcxBJin jiercHflapeufl 
xapaKxepi* aroro CKasaBia, iiGo o.icria iia CioHi>, 
KaK-b necoMirliHBo ^BCXBycx-b n3'b n'feKOXopux'b cth- 
xoBi*, cocxaiuieiia na 3aiia;;i5, AajieKO OTh IcpycajiHiia 

^) ^Sksti nhn jrv, sjeriH. HiiTaeMaH itT> ciinaror* bt. jieHLpaa- 
pyiucHiH IfpycaJiiMa. 



/ 



24 



CBpCfiCKOWT* IlCUTp'fe 6/IU3KO OTT* J|pyiiCeCTIlLM*atJn» 

MU noBTOMy aactaeMii ero Duocji-^feacTiiiii ac» 
BT> Kop;ioB']&, Di> apaScKofl ^acrn UcuaniD* 

IHO roay, Koriia iiaiijeMy no3Ty Cu >iq v mcc qk c 



2G 



lEryjiA Fajtebh. 



^TiBByxii MeTai|)H3BK0B'b, ijo cawh cnyMuji'h iipeBOc| 
xoAHoft HjiJifocTpauiefl h )K0ByMi» BoaJioiueHieMi* upt 
noiiaBaeMuxi> hmii imefl. CoMBHcete aro uanHcaBO 
ii3hiKi& TorjiaiDHefl y^enocTH, x. e. iio-apa6cKH, n nc 
cHTi. puoMOBRHnoe sarJiaBie: ^KumdOh (lAhxyddoicami 
saii-dnMUH ffn Hycpamu ad-dunu ad-dsaMiAu''^ (Kb am 
noKaaareJibCTBa ii AOBOjia ajih aamwTbi yBH>iceBHol 
B'^pu, a efipcficKifi nepeBo^i> 03ar;iaBjieHii L'c4peph. 
japH HJiH Xosapu^ XaaapcKan KHiira)*). Bi. aTofl KHiir 
AGyjib-Xacaai. Hajiaraer-b ocrobu eBpeflcKofl B'j^pt 
OTBi^Tbl Ha B03pa)Keniji co GTopouu BHOBibpueBi> 
ateHCTOBt H Bce CBoe MipoBoaaptHic, bi» ^opMt yne 
Haro cocTH3aHiH, iipoucxoaBBtuaro npK jiBop^ aa; 
xaaapcKaro, MOKjiy iipejiCTaBUTejiJiMH ipexi, rjtaBHi^fl 

rUH5LT> Btp0HCllOBfe:iaHifl Ch OABIlM-b (i>H;ioco(t>OMi>-aTc 

HCTOMi*, JXjih 3Tofl ni&jiB P, leryjia BocaojiL30Bajic^ 
;ii&ficTBBTe;iLiiUMi> ^aKioyi*, Becbua Ba>K{ihiMi> 
ncTopin eBpeeai. b*l HaaieMi* oTdeciBife, /l-fejio m 
tomtj, ^to B-h vri Hjiu VllI crojii&riw xaaapcKifl aap| 

CO BCi&Ml^ UapCKHMl> JIOMOM^i erO BeJlbMO)KIt tt 3E 

MHTcriLHaH HacTB xasapcKBro uapoaa (rocuoACTBOBai 
inaro aa iin^KHeA Bojirt, iia KaBKaaib, b-b Kpuwy 
Bi* KicBCKof) PycB) Oujiij o5pameuij bt> iy^eftcTB 
rio cor/iacHOMy cBimfeTejiLCTBy xaaapCKnxi*, apaC 

CK11X1., CBpefiCKllX-I., a no BCefl B-fepOHTHOCTn II CJtC 

BjiucKHX'b HCTOTHHKOBT>^ 3T0My oGpaiueBiio xasap 
npejitriecTBOBajio yqeHoe cjiOBoupeuie MOKay ottui 
HUMH OorocjionawH Hat eBpeee-b, xpHctiaHi* h nyxa 
McjiaHi,, 5! orpaHH^ycb sa^cb tojilko saMi^HaHieui 
MTO jiiiriJioMaTU H nyTeuiecTBeuuHKE ci* nayHHoio hj 
KOMMep^ecKOK) ui&jibK) npiiHOCBjiu Bi* HcrjaHiio uai^ 
Tiii o naJibHCMia iiB'feTymeMi. rocy/xapcxBife Bt huh . 
neft lOiKHofl Poccib; mto HasBawBufi mhoio BbiLue H, 



*) Ajmbcuoe aarjmnie com. ( iia^* 1 HpuiitieJt^loinj, Leipzig I 

*?'S'iSit |nS« nm '3 ^^Vn*?**^ njnSK 2Hr\z. eB\^iificn\ii »t; u» ?,► 



24 



D^mo p|D«a 



ID 



«*3i nasi .D»Kipn op una ja »h b"i wmo 'hnai ? naa ^j? nwi nts 
nii>rn tirfbv u'wai wjoj «^ d^i»d hn mvtj 

mmmmmmmtmmmtmmamM' 



iKry^A 1\\jii:bii. 




27 



OTT. coBpcMciiiiaro CMV xaaapvTKiiro iiapn, r;i1; toil 
BKpaTU'b pa3CKa3iJHacT"b iicTopin) CHoero napoaa, Me^kviy 
npo*iuMi> II o TOMi>, KaKiiM-b oopa:joMi. ii iipii Kakiixii 
o(5cToaTejibCTnaxi> ero iipe.iKii iipiiiin.'iii t-HpeiicKvio 
B-fepy; »no, no paspyiiieniii xa.'.apcKaro rocyjuipcTua 
pyccKHM-K Kii5i3e.\n> CKHTo^^viaHOMh (Hi. 60-xi^ ronaxi* 
X CTO-Tl&Ti«), MHoric JkriTc.nn Xa;»apiii y:ia;iii;iiici. «b 
IIcnaHiK), a iimcmiho in, poaiiofi rofnai. iianioro iioaia, 
Bi» ToJie;xo, v;iU iiim'li>:n> n\i. iioroMKuin, oBpeficKifi 
iiCTopnKii ABpaaMi> nr)irL-;iay;ri» 2oO jiI.ti* ciiyciH, 
Bi» (>0-xT» ro:iax-L XII irhKa *). He I; :)Tn uOcTOHrcii*- 

CTBa OTJlU'niO OG'bHCHHIOTT» HaMl^, KakHM-b oGpa.ioMi. 

P. lery^a iiMi&jn> c;iy»iafi x«»poiii(> iioaiiaKCMiiTLCM ci. 
ucTopieA oopaiueniH xa^api* ui» iy;u*nciHo, ii iiu'ie.My 
OHi* iiaCpaJiT. :)TOTi> c|iaKib KaiiBoii ;u-im euocro comh- 
HCHia. OrpainiMCiiiiocih Mlcia iic ucKiuojinQii* Mufe, ki* 
co^Kajiiiuiio, Bxo.uiih ht, iir);ipuGnociu co;iep>KaiJiH 
3Toro TBopeniH n m iipiiny>k';u'H'i> jioBo.TLCTBonaiLCx 

H'^KOTOpUMII KpaTKIlMII yKasaniMMIl, KOTOpiJH MOi'yTl^ 

cjiV/KiiTb oCpainHKaMir cro o()pa:^a Mucjicfi no pa;un.iM'i> 
BOiipocaMii. 

PaaiiHuy Me*yK;iy rpciecKoi'i ni!uiijin:^auifii ii oHpcfi- 
CKOio KvjibTypoK) AOy.ib-Xacaiib jni;unT. in, cjifayio- 
mcM-B. nepBaH iis-h imxi, cocToiiTt in^ kvjh.i h Bulirii- 
HHrOy H3Mmnaro u napyyKiiaro iiopMAua, a Hiopan — bt* 
Ky-ii>rfc AoOpa, iipaB/iu ii Biiyipcimnxb .locTuiiiiCTBb. 

3jIJlIlHCKaH IJpaBCTBCHHOCTh II COUia.'ll.HlJM OlIIOIIICIliH 

oCHOBaHU Ha pasc'ieil; ii na jiioGijh ki* iiop^JiKy, ko- 
Topue He BTi cocTOMHiii ycii.iinmTb iianm jioGpuH iia- 

KJIOHHOCTH II XOpOluiH 'lyBCTBa, aCKupTic UpinyiL'lHlOT-b 

nocji"fe:iHi5i, h iioctwiy jiinnciibi ycTofiMUHocTii; cBpeii- 
CKaH ;Ke HpaBCTBcniiocTb ociiOBaHa na jjiiMiioMi* iia- 
HBJi^ Jlo6pa I! cnpaBc;i;niBOCT]i m, MejioBtkl;, oipa- 
2KaiomeMi> bi» ceG-fe iio;ioGic cnoero Tnopua, iicpno- 
uanajibHaro iicxouHnKa ;ioGpa n npaicii.!, n cawa TaK)Kc 



^[ 



«) Cm. n^amnS nSap-icr (ii3,t. Amctcim. .i. do). nSvj^V^t:^ ^2'«v. 
,nwan nyi hy annHrr ^i^v^"!-."'^ c'^in n^^'rn cn*:2 •:2?2 



•>4 



cBpedcKOM-b nempl^ Cjihsko ot-b apy:KecTBeimu!! 
yHCHbrsi. H uoBTon-h, lie naBaJio ewy ycnoKOurbCii* 
MU no9ToHy sacTHeMi* ero onocjiifejiCTBiii ^KnHymnik 
01. KopAOBife, B7» apaGcKofl MacTii T4cirjurtn. 

1140 roav, Korjia naiiieMy iio^Ty 6Li.rio v> f;<' oko^ 



38 



IcryaA rAjiBBii. 



CTaB,ieHUaH CBORMT, C06CTBeHHbJM"U CH^iaM-b, npoH3BO- 

4Hra» TOJibKo npeKpaciiue uBfexbi, uoanacb nyci ~ 
UBJfexy, a Be iLionbi, ii ut» KOHufe kohuob-l Bejxerbici 
OTpnuaBifo H KT> rM5ejiM; iyaaHaMt >Ke, upeACTaBJiuit 
3;ieMeHT'b npouHwd ii ycToflHiiBbifl, cooGinacri* it »;i- 
iiHHH3My n ero iiayKt* npoHHOCXb, FIoceMy rpenecKaH 
Ky/ibtypa cocTaBJiHex-b iijia HCJioBfenecxBa upiaraufl 
nojieaubiit ajicMcnx-b, iyAaHaj^-b >Jve — ueoOxoaiiMyiocTifl 
xiio iia/ice hjih nji-nuBBSxMa. 

yrHexcHiioe cocxoHuie eopejICKara napojia Hiitcoa^g 
oGpaaoMi. uc mo^kcx-l cjiyjKHXb noKaaaxejiBcxBOMii irp 
XBBT. ero npeBocxoncxoa, xaKi, KaKT> ii npyrin B^pc 
HcnoB'fejiaiiisi cxaB«ri> bucoeco CMiipeBuocTb uyrHexcK 
iiocTb, TaKi» xpacxiaae npeBoanocHX'b CMnpeauoc 
ocHoaaxejia axi. pejiiiriii ii roBopHrb xaic^Ke, ^xoyii 
:KeBHwe bt. cewh Mipfe 6ynyxii BOSBbiuietibi ua rCii 
cB-fex-lfe, BCJii&acxBie ^lero ynaxi* nojiCTaBjiaxb ;i;i5! yaaf 
-li&Byio mexy xoMy, kxo yjiapiixia xe6ji no iipaBoft, 
MycyjibMaae ct caa40A0B0JibCTB0Mi> ii 6jiaroroBi^HieM^ 
yKaauaaioxi* Ha cxpanaBia AHCapieBi* (caojXB(i>itei| 
KOBi> MyxaMMeaoBbiX'b). IIpaBxia, nro cxpaAaein ii 
cjiiinonani^, KoropuMi, no.iBepraroxcK espeti bt* i 
JiuHHux-b cxpaBaxi*, He noOpoBOJibHbiH; ho ecjia 
odpaauxb, mo cxohxt> iiM*b cKasaxb xojibKo o:iho cji 
ixoCu noKOH^HXb CO BcfeMH iipccji'fcnoBaaiHMU, SXi- 
nojiyqnib eaie BoaearpasicaeHic oxt» cboiixi* yrBeraTe* 
jiefl If czi^JiaxbCH paBBUMii cb nccji'^nHUMn^ a bc 
TaKH oHii axoro c;ioBa ne roBopHXi* h npe;iiioMiixaioi 
nepcHocHXb bc^ HeBijroiiHU5i nocjiifeACXBiH orb 3Xoro- 
ec/iii coodpaaiixb bcc 3to, to GeanpncxpacxHUC He 
ryn> oxHoctixbcn K-b xaKaw-b CTpanauiwMi- iiwane, KM 
<rb H0JiHbiMT> yBa>KeHLeMi>. 

McuojiHenie cneuia/ibHO-eBpeficKiixi> oGp^noBt xort 
TO-ibKo nM'l&en> anaucHie, Konta upn moM'b cxpor 
^jiiOiiatoxcH rpajicAaHCKie b oGme-uejioB-feHecicie bakl 
upejiniicLiBaeubtc pa3yMOMi>^ KaK'b-To, cnpaBezi;iMBOCtl*_ 
a .lioSoBb Ko bcImt* jnojinii-h a fipa3BarcjibH0CXi» 



2A 



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e^^rn crSy ^j^/^^ji 17352 h^ a^tyo ^'n f'^nrna sn^ ^'i nn 



lKr>'jiA VhnBmn. 



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iieM% 11 tipii6}ti«.'iciui*U'b Ki» ecTeeTBCHUMirij o6miiSti* 
ftKOuaini, lie} UHKaKii itc MoryTi» hk^ aauliiisiTb. Ho 
jioCho Ilotxepouyi ho Heaii&»cuHo oti> Hcro» P* len'iiJi 
o6ptitit£ic'ni BQaM^iiic mm. 10, hjo fie.^i* couia-niaio-pa- 
^yuBbiXit 5'craROBJieHift it aaKOiioaK He Mo;iceni cv* 
lecTJiauaiL An^e iiiaftKa 3JioAt4eiii^, 

liiipencKJii« pe/iHria, juMormcii juuiEc y Hatnero 
iTopai, lie upiuuisicbiuaeri^ ackcxaHccicaro ©oajicp^A'a' 
iiff, a uaupuB.iHcTi. hcjiob^kb, iia cpe;ini0 nyib Me>Kj(y 
H03;]Cp;MaHieMi> n asjiHiiiccTBOM'b h .laGoraica o rowit, 

lexcAUiaff e& jiojin m^ yMtipennofi upoiioputit, H60 
I9 nta oQpacnaeTCH HCKJuoHnte/tbHo b*^ nojibay oiiHoft 
I, oTomtaeTCsi y npyrofl; tek^ Hanp., apeAaioudflca 
gfli%p€fifia CBOiiMii BOKUCJieiiJaii'ir ocjaCJifleri* cuoio 
fl^eiiitTejii^nyio cnocoCitocTb u i^iofjopOTi*, llocTiiTjjca 
lioro Be uosi^en* c'<wTaTi*c^i jHc;jyrofl y lejioalKa ct* 
»rpauii*icuiiLiyti Kc/iaitiMMii, ci* ua^MHH cBJianH HCJia^ 
iro cao;!KeBtfl* JIjir laKoro ^ciiOB'iKa ropaano Jiyime, 
90 ou% nomkOoTnicn o BoacTaaoBJieniii csoiixi. cbjix 
^oeptfACiBou'^ xopoFRCfi Dniiiii. OrcyTCTuiti CTapauiM 
rRCJiiiiHiiaTt* CHofl Kanmajn., ii;in yMUinJieRfioe ero 
vveitf.itieHiet iic ;io;ixita c*iiiiaTi»c« aiicjiyrofl y ncno- 
ihKn^ uon*[Jiaro ynciiB^iifBaTk cbde liaxepiajiLiBiitH 
bpciicTMa 0cai» yiiicp5a njisi npiD0p%TeHiH noaHanifl h 
le oTpbiBagc^ on> Ao^pi^xi* Ji^Jii^t ocoOcHua mc^ ecjiit 
leJioB^iCT^ afOT^ imi^en^ Go^TihinyKi cewbio h w;ijtep- 
aen* raxHce aa 6JiaroTBopnTej»t*[n*i« nt*;iM. 
llonieiiic in. iiamiantuiiue nnn roro jutw iic t-CTL 
loji*ic 6oioyrojiiioc hIjjio e tie cocTaB*iaen» Oo-nbmcfi 
^e/mrjo^uofi saciyra, ^r-^Mii «tiicraft paaocxt h cepac^- 
loe yAO!io;ibCTBie orh 5jmroTBOpBfeii^itocra » ot^ 
icoo^oruiji apyrH3Lii uoaeJii^Bli Bc»icinx^. Hc^if Hce 
rnosajiiiCTBie aacTaiuiHCTi* ne/iou'lii^a n^xi* *5/mraMe- 
crnituii iitciiit 11 o6iiapy;«(ttBaxi^ apyiie iipiiaitaKu bccc- 
litro paciioi^o^KcMivi ;^yxa, iooiii>aiBMi»TaK>Kc City^aTi« 
5017 n npH6nB>KaeTCH kt» ero OeaicoHe^iiofl jjioOBit. 



24 



Ii-ryjJA Tajiebh. 



CBpcfiCKOWT* llCHTpife 6J1H3K0 0T1> Jipj'MCeCTBCIlHUXl* 

y«icnuxi. II iiooTOBi>, iie juinajio CMy ycriOKOiiTBCa, h 
MU iio3TOMy 3«iCTaeMii cro luiocjiifeacTBiii MCiiBymuM-B 
B-b KopjiOBii, Bi> apaOcKofi Macrii IlcnaHiii. Bi» 
■IlitLtSiitfaiifeff f^^^ Haiii cMY ii03Ty Gu no v?kc okojio 



ll.\ 



30 



IiiPyaA FAJiiiBH. 









UtoGiJ OIli^HIlTb no nOCXOHUCTBy BCfe 3TH Mfcl- 

CJIH cji'TinycT-b oOpariiTb BHHMaHie Ha to oCcTonrejib- 
CTBO, MTO A6yjib-Xacain> uiicjiJi-b Bce sto bo BpeMS 
caMaro iipKaro npouBiiTaiiii! MOHauiccTBa h hjich ca- 
MoGHMeBaiiiH Bis xpucTiaiiCTBi> u AepBHiJiiiSMa bi* 
HCJiawt. 

3aMt«iaTejibHO xaK-yKe GeaiipiiCTpacTie, Cb koto- 

pUM-b IiaiU'b MUCJlIlTejIb OTHOCHTCH KIi Hy^KHM-b pejiH- 

riHM-b. 1 jiua JiH nafincTCfl B-b cpejiHie B']&Ka cme ojiuwh 
iipHM'fep-b TaKoro, JiiiiiiCHHaro BcaKOfl Bpa>Kjie6HOCTii b 
HezioGpo^KejiaTCJiLCTBa oiipejti&jjeHiH peJinriH hhob'I&p- 
UCB-b, Kaxifl MiJ iiaxoziKixM-b bti iipoH3Bc;(eiiiH A6yjib- 
Xacana othochtcjilho xpucxiaHCTBa h HCJiaMa. One- 

BHAHO JlJIfl BCHKarO BHHKawmarO B-b 3T0 TBOpCHie, HTO 

ero aBTop'h iiaciojibKo iiponHKuvT-b HaMajiaaiH CBoefi 
coGcTHeiiiioft jrLpiJ h xaK-b rjiyOoKO yCiiacjieii'b bt. ea 

IipOBOCXO;iCTBt,, MTO HC WM-fcCTTi Ha;i06H0CTH HCKaTb 
Jl.lH IICH OlIOpiJ B-b yilH^KCHiH H llCKa>KCHill flpyrHXT* 
BispX, IIOHlMy II MO^eX-b OXHOCHXbCK KT* UUWh Cb 663- 

npucxpacxicM'b h iiojiiiiaM'b jiocxoancxBOM'b. 

He cMOxpH na cbok) cjiaGocxb, uaJiOHUcjieHHOCXb, 
MaxepiajihHyio ii jiyxoBiiyio pa3po3Hcnnocxb, H3paHJib 
ocxaexcH ejiHiiuM-b bi. :i^j\'li xpaHeniM HHCXHX-b iia- 
qaji^b, CMy jioB'tpcHiibix'b, h nepe;iaMH iixtj .ipyrHMi*, 
H Box'h noMCMy oH-b jiBJiMexci! nc3HaHiixejibHUM'b no 
Maxcpin, HO nccbMa 3uaHHxejibHiJM'b no Jiyxy. HBpefl- 
CKiii napoAi. ecxb cep^mc 'lejionifeHecxBa u-b xoM-b ox- 
Hoiiicniu, ^TO on-b 'ivBCXByexb n ncnuxuBaexi* Bcfe 
CoJifisneHHUH ucnuniKM wh opraHnsMf, jipyrHX-b napo- 
flOB-b; no cro xpcuo/icHoe cocxoKnie n BOsGyjKjxeHHOCXb 
npeuoxpanHioxb cro oxx> cujibnofl nopnu m panuKaJib- 
nofi Go.'ilJsnn. KaKi* ci^MM, GpomenHoc bti uoHny, ne- 
pexo/uix-b pasjinHHue $a3HCbi pa3JiOMCcniH ;io nojiHofi 
rniiJiH, HO Ma.no no Majiy iipMBjicKacx-b OKpyxcaiomifl 
iiecMiiHKH n licpcpaGaxiJimexb iiombchuux Hacximu Bii 
xopouiiH H nojiC3inj5i pacxcniii, xaKb h iyjiaHSM'B, 
CpomeHHiJii cpe;;n ^pyrHx-b napoflOBi* n noABeprascb 
pa3JiBMniJ!ij'b, lie BcerAa xopoiuuM-b h iioJie3HbiM'b bh- 



\ 



24 



D'^mj fpi^Q 



no 



Dti>rn m^hp «';im ly^aj «^ o^ira h"t^ n3ir/i3 3/13 ^'t pici ^kh 



!i:ry;iA I\v;ii:bm. 




jxOHSM'l&iieHiiiMTi, He3aM']^TiiiJMi> oCpa30MT» npiiii.icKaeT'b 
oKpyxcaiomce HCJioirljHecTHo K-bCJiy^cHiio hiichm-b cuh- 
TOCTH^ ;io6pa 11 iipaiijuJ, cMy niiepBuc otkpohciihum'b. 
Pe3yjibTaTbi axoro MHoroana'iHTCjihHaro c()aKTa hii- 

CKOJIbKO He U3Mi^HHK)TCH OTh TOrO OOCTOHieJIhCTBa, 

*iTO oanaMCHHUfl ujieii nacTO BiJciyiiaiOTh hc KaKi» 
espefiCKifl, a noAt Hyncoio ct)iipMoio. Ciipam*:iJiiiHocTL 
SToro rjiyOoKOMUcvicimaro saMliMaHij?, no Mfcpfe yciili- 
xoRi> ue-'ion1iHecTBa iia iivth iiporpecca n ucthhiioQ 
Ky-ibxypfci, nee 6ojitc 11 ooji'fee oiipaBawBaexcH, 11 oiiJio- 

aOTBOpCHiC HJICMMH, lIOJIOyKCHHlJMH BT. OCHOHUHie iv- 

naiiasia, 3Tofl iiombu ncero UMinijinaoBaHiiaro Mipa, 
BUCKaauBacTCM Bce Hpne. Ckojibko ctoii;io cBpoiicii- 
CKOMV HCJiOBi&HCCTBy yciiJiifi, Gopi.Oij li >KepTrj'b jiJin 
Toro, HT06-L ;ioiiTH ;io xoii iipocxoii iicxiiiiu, 'ixo 

BCife JllO:iH A0J1>KHL1 GuXh paHIIIJ II HXO paOCXBO 

ecxb iipoxiiBoecxeciBCiiHoe ii iipoxiiHo'iejiOBfeMccKoe 
cocxoHHie, Koxopoe oGpamaexca no npeji-b nccMy 
oOmecxBy, ero yaaKOHHioincMi I Me>K;iy x'feM'b, yxo 
ocHOBHoe iiaMaJio nsb Hct.xb apchhiixtj i^uKonoj^a- 
xejibCXBi> HaiJiJio ceOli nupa/Kcuie xo.ihKO itb o;ihomi> 
espeficKOM-b. H-b xo bpcmh, KaKi* eniiicxcKoe 11 iiiiji'l^ri- 
CKoe yjiOHceniJi ObiJiii ocHuHaiiu na Kacrouoxi-b pan:i'f>- 
jieHiii o6mccxBa, iipii^icMi. miciiiivi icacTU r»ij;ni ii<.>pa- 
5omeiiiii BbiciiiHMH, a rpcKW iiMi;:in Hjioxon-b, iio;n,:uj 
BaBiiiiixcs! MHHHMyMOMb 4c;iont,MCCKiix7j iipaiH*, iv^ia- 
HaMis iipiisHaex'b xojibKo o:iuy npoxHHoiio;io>Kiiocxi. — 
liora u HCjjOB'liKa, 11 bt* oxnonieiiiii ktj iicpjioMv Jtcfc 
jiiOiiH paBHia. 0,1110 xojii.Ko yqenic MoHceeno iipoB03- 
r.iacHJio rpoMKO, mxo bcc MC'ioBiiMecxno Hpnncxo;uixi. 
oxi» o;uioro oGuiaro iipauxiia, co3;uuinaro no oOpaany 
H uoAoOiK) l>o>KiK), H Mxo BC'fe -'iio;in, KaK'b Bijpa^Kaiox- 
c« JipcBnie paBBnnu, xojh.ku paGu J30>Kiii, a ne paGu 
pa6oBi>. riocji-fe xoro, KaKh enponeftcKicnapojiiJ Bnpo- 
HOJiyKeme Mnonixx. cxo;iiixift HCiipoGoBajin Mnoropaa- 

JIHHHUH Ct>OPMM Cy^lOVCXpoflCXBa H HaiipaKXUKoBaJllICb 

HtiXb pasHUMH jiRop^iick'iiMH cy;iaMii, cnpoxcKiiMU cy- 
jiaMH, jtyxoBHUMii cy;iaMM, iiicctenrepuxxe h x. -l 



: I. 






24 



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if 



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CBpcflcKOM-b iienTpife 6jjn3K0 0Ti> jipyacecTBCHHUXTi 
y»ieHiJxi> II iiooTOBt, iie ;uinaJio cwy ycnoKOiiTi>c«, h 
MU iic)3TOMy aacTacM-b ero jniocjii&ACTnin :KiiBymHMi» 
ui* Kop:iOBi>, Bi. apaOcKofi Maciii riciianiii. Bi» 



32 



InryjiA rAJiEBii. 



OHU npuiujiH, HaKOHeui*, ki> saKjiiOHeHiio, hto cyjiiB 

JlOJl>KeH-L GUTb OaHHTj, paBHUft flJIH BC'i&X'b, flpy- 
FHMH CJIOBaMH, OHII IipH3HaJlH, HTO IiaUll* CTapHICb Mo- 

nceft ceG-fe na yM-fe, Korzia GeaiipccxaHHo iioBTopxeTT* 

Bit IlHTHICHH'/k'ili: «,OilIlHl« 3aKOHT» If OaHO BpaBO BaMls, 
KaKl* KOpCHHOMy yKHXeJIR), TaK1» H IlHOCXpaHIXy", H HTO 

npeai* cyjiOMTj iie jioji/Kho Guxb iiHKaKoro pasjiiinisi 
ueyKiiY JiK);iLMii. Jlynujie vmu bt* EBpoii'fe iiasHuaiOT'b 
Majio no Majiy iipoHHKaxhCH y6i>)K;iCHieMT> bi> BejiBKOMi* 
SHaHeniH ^^pcBHc-cBpeficKHx-b B033pifeiiifl Ha coiiiajibHOc 
ycxpoflcxBO oOiJiecxBa, iia paaniiJieiiie nMymecxBa h Ha- 
KOiiJiciiie CoraxcxBu, na cyiipyHcecKoe cocxo»Hie, Ha 
Me^nynaponHiJi! bohhu h na MHorie npyrie npaBCx- 
Beiinue BOiipocu, ii Boo6mc woKj^y 6e3iipucxpacxHiJMH 
yqeiiiJMM iipeoOjiajiaex-b connaHie, nxo ecjiii HejiOB'fe- 
HCCKOO oOlueCXBO HIJHii HC C03pi&JI0 cinc ;iJifl iipH- 
BCAeiliH B'b tlCIIOJIHCIlie MllOniX'b IipiIHllHlIOBTi HBCXO* 

iyAcficKaro iiponcxoMCACuifl, xo oho iienpcMifenHO coa- 
pi&ext ;iJiH axoro B'b oojifie hjih Mi&H"fee 6jih3K01ii> 
byAvmeMh. 

BiipoMeMt, iipejiMexi> axox-b cxojib Ba>KCHi> h mho- 
ro oO-beMjnoinT*, mxo iiiiKOMM'b oOpasoMx. ne M03Ken> 
6uxi> pascMaxpiiBacMii bckojilsl ii mbmoxo;i,om'i>. Bep- 
HCMCH Kt p. leryiiife TajicBH. 

B'b iipcihiziymeMt h BKpaxirt HaMt,xHjni Hi^KOXopuii 
Hepxu H3'b pe;iiirio3no-cJinjiocoicKaro xBopenin AOyjib- 
Xacawa; iiepefi;iy xeiiepb kt* ;ipyroft oxpacjiH cro njio- 

HOXHOpilOfl Jl-fcilXeJIbllOCXH, KT> TI033ilI, BTj KOXOpOft OHl», 

no cnpaBC'iJiiiBOCXH^aaHHMaex-b nepBoe m^cxo bo Bceft 
no-6iiO.-ieficKOfl onox-fe. KaK"i> 6mjio y>Kc 3aAd'l>HCHo mhoio, 
CBpcficKaH no33iH naxojiHJiacb y>Ke, npH noHBJieHin 
AOyjib-Xacana Ha uciiancKOM-b ITapHacife, na ;iOBOJibHO 

BIJCOKOfi CXClICHn H BTi nCXCXHMCCKOM-b, H B'b XCXHH- 

HecKOMi* oxHomeiiiH. T'feM'b Hc Men-fie Hani-b noaxii tot- 
'lacb o6paxnjn> iia ce6ji BceoCmee BHtiManie, h ci. yflH- 
BJicuicM-bcnpaiMMBajiH ce6H ero cooxcqccxBCHHUKH: He 
BocKpecx* jiH ojinui, II3X* ;ipeBHHXT> nf^BUOB-b CioHa? 
Eiuc oxpoKOM-b nojiyiiiji-b owh nocB5imeHie uyau, h 



24 



D^mj fpH^ 



no 



m^rrt t^rbif u*;n3i lyaoj «^ o^iya ^-n n^wro 3/13 ^"t nio *Kn 



iKryjiA rAJiF:BM. 



rj.'i 



ero nepBUH npoii3Be;ioiiiH iiopaHCJuni ciapiiiaro iioara 
P. Moiicen I16ni>-93pa, KOTopwft cnpanjuBacr"b B-h 06- 
pameHiii kt> mojiojiomv coiicpiiiiKy: „KaKij :)ro tij, o 
ji]o6e3Hi<]fi ioiioma, ycnt»;n. y;Ke saiiacTiicb ropaMii 3Ha- 
Hifl, Mucjiefl II iiOHHTifiV KaKHMh o6pa:*.OM'i>, ciiie Ta- 

KOft MOJIOaOft, TIJ y>KC lIOAHaJlCHHaTaKiHBIJCOTLiV Il31i 

KacTHJiiu B03ciH-'n> cirfcx-b :i.in osapcHiji Mipa" h t. :i.*) 
CHanajia P. Iery;ia njiaiH-i-b ;iaHh CBoeMV BpeMcun 
If rociioncTByioiueMy Brx-ycy, pacTOMaJii> AapoimnHufi 
eiiy CBunic TunRUTh Ha cocTaBJionie CTHxoTBopuLdxi* 
nocjianifl bi> necib MHoro'iucjicuHux-b Apyaeii u uomii- 
Tarejiefl, Kpyn» Koxopux'b bcc pacriiwpHjKH, 11 nocii-fe- 
Bajii* Top)KecTBeHntie cjiynaii b-b yKnaHii iiocji-fejimixTj, 
KaKii iianp. CBajibGu, po/K;ieiiie aliicfl 11 t. 11. IIpcBo- 
cxo;icTBO ero bt. 3tomi* >KaHpf> ziocTofliio yjuiB-ieHiji; 
TaK-B Haiip. npiiroTOBJieHHOc cxiixoTBopeHic uh hcctl 
iipyra, naziiiJieHHaro bc^mii aeMiiuMii fi.iaraMU, naiiii* 
MOJiOAoii iio:)rb, Kor;ia iipiiiiijia CTpaiimaJi Bfecxi. oGt 
y6iflCTB"fe ororo ;ipyra bx, iiyxcuiccxBin, C'byM'Ii;n> 
upeBpaxiiXb B-b caMyR) xporaxc/ihiiyio :»;ieriKj-). BccbMa 
yjxa4HO oaiiHi> yicHuft coiiocxaHH.ih, no :)roMy iioBojiy, 
AOyjib-XacaHa ct. PyOenooMX,, iipo Koxoparo pancKa- 

SblBaiOX'b, HXO OJlHlIM'b HIXpUXOMb OIIX, MDI'l, lipCHpa- 

THTb KapxHHy CMLioiuarocH pcOcHKa Hb iiJia»iymaro. 
He OTCxaBajiT* ouij cuanajia oxi* cBOHXb cohpcmchuh- 
KOBi* II BT. cocxaBJicniH ii'feccn'h BT> Mccxb luina, ;iiu6bii 
H Ha ;ipyria tcmu CB-fixcuofl iio;)3iii, 11 hi. imxi* mpko 
o(5Hapy>KaBaeTCH, iia CKo;ibKo oiiii cioMJib Bi.iiiie co- 
BpcMeHHUKOBXi, <)H-b nHKOivui HO Biia;iacxb n-b xf> My- 
UOBHuuibiH uepeyHejiH'reiiiji 11 cxpaHiiuH cpaHiiciii>i, ko- 
TopuMii xaK-b 6oraxiii apaucKUH u ntj;ipa:KaxcjJMiaH cb- 
pefiCKaH iio33iH xoro bpcmchh. IJ.M'tcx'fe cb xiivi-b, bt* 
CTBXOXBopeiiinxx. :)xoro po;ia naui-b iio:»xt* iiiiKorAa no 
uepecxynaexTi rpaiiHny 0;iaroiipHcxofliiaro, iie ocKop- 
6jijieTi> CKpoMuaro Myncxoa, a Bcerjia yMtcrx* rapMO- 

') Cm. mS.i mm' 'n TaMi>-;i:»\^ cip. WU- X\*III. 
*) TaMX-xe, CTp. 07. 



24 



Ir.ryjJA Tajikrh. 



cupcficKOM-b iiemp^ Ojiiisko oTh jipy^KecTBCiiHUxi. 
y»icHF.ix'b II iiOciTOBx, lie ;iaiiaJio CMy yciiOKOiiTbC«, u 
Mu iioHTOMy aacracMT. cro luiocjii&jiCTijin ;KiiBymiiM'b 
BT, Kop;ioBT>, in. apaOcKofi Maciii llciianiii. Bt 



34 



lEryziA Tajikbh. 






HUHCCKH coHCTaxb OTJiiiMHufl BKycb, npHJiHHic H jiy- 
mcBHyio xeujioxy. CoxpanHjiocb jijiji nacb TaKJKe oaho 
iipcKpacHoe CTHxoTBopcHie, iiM'ljiomee oTHoiiieHie ki* 
HayK*]^, KOTopoK) oiii> saiiuMajicfl no iipo(|)ecciH. Korjia 
owh past aaOoji'tji-b ii cawt npHroTOBHjit ajih ceCii 

JICKapCTBO, TO Bl, CTHXOTBOpeHlH, COCTaBJieilHOM-B Ha 

3TOTT> cjjyMafi, Haiii-b mcjuikii oGpaiuaeiCH ki» i3ory h 

rOBOpHT-b, HTO Ewy OflHOMV HSB-feCTHO XOpOlBO JIH 3TO 
JlCKapCTBO HJIH H-feXT,, 6yAeXT> OHO Ai&flCXBOBaXb CHJlbUO 

HJiH cjiaCo, uo'icMy oh-b hhckojilko ne iiojiaracTca 
iia co6cxBeHHoe aHanie, a bck) cboio najxeHcuy Bosjia- 
raexi> na iioMomi* CBuine ^). 3xo, bopohcmt*, iipoHCxe- 
Kacx-b oxi> CMiipcHHoii Ha(3o>KHocxH, HO He oxis Majiaro 
yBaHcenifl kt* nayKi;, xaKt KaK-b bc« m<:h3hi> P. lerynu 
CBHAiiTe;iLCXByen> iipoxiiBHoe, a bi» cbocm-b pejinriosHO- 
(tn/iococtcivOMt xBopcHiH OHt HpocxpanHo jioKaauBaeri* 
H3i> Taji&iyAa xopouiia HoanaHiH ;ipeBHHXi> paBBHUOBi* 
Bi. aHaxoMiu, OiojioriH ii acxpoHowin. Ho eme apne 
Bijcryiiaext rJiyGoKoe ero yBa^Kcnie Kt uayK*^ bt. oh- 
HOM-b npcBocxojiHOMi* cxMxoxBopeniii, rn'fe, no hchhc- 
jieniii Bctxi hmIsioiuhxch y Hero hobojiobi. ki. rpycx- 
HOMy uacxpoLMiiio, nosx-b Bjipyn ycxpanaexij hxt* cjit- 
;iyioniHMH cjiobbmh: „Mto mhTs 6o«xch jiionefl, hm'^h 
cxojib MViKecxBeinnjfi xapaKxepx, » ^xo wH-fc onacaxbca 
6ife;inocxH npn cymecxBoimHiH nayMnuxi* noanaHifi, bt> 
ropaxi, Koxopijxi. >i Mory oxKanwBaxh hccm'^^xhuii 6o- 
raxcTiiaV llporojiojiaiocb jin a — npejio mhoio BKycni&fl- 
iiiia «BCXBa HavKw; iiouyBCXBvio jin >Ka>K;iy — boxt. xe- 
Kyx-b pliKii CH MynpocxH; nocxHrHex'b jiii MenH nc^ajib — 
CK niiCHH MCHH xoTiacb pasBecejiHn,; upuesi Myjipuxi* 
pfeMaxx, He om}uiaexcM noxpeOnocxi. n-b paaBJieHeaiii 
jipyaiMi; Bb oh KHHraxi. moh ca;ua ii BBnorpajiHHKH h 
na eH ycxaxx* moh aptja n moh JiHpa '*')". 



') Cm. *\h7\ n'^\n^ *n n. 11, i-ip. 87—88. 
^) Cm. nK£Dp« »T:3 rrp. tJO. 



j..r 



r 




cnpeficKOM-b ueiiTpi& 6:ih3ko oti» npy^ccxBcnHUXii 
yqcHuxi. II II03T0B1., lie ;iaijajio cMy ycnoKonxbca, u 
Mu iioaxoMy aaciaeMii cro luiocjitjiCTinii ;KiiuymuMi> 
wh Kop;iOBL, n-b apaGcKoft Haciii llciiaiiiii. Bi» 



3« 



liirvAA Vajikuu. 



I 






yKaaa.n* ua Cjiaroiipiniiioe iiojiiiTHqecKoe cocTOiiHie 
CBpccBi* Bi. PlciianiH; HO lie cjitjiycTi* yiiycKaib hsib 
BHJiy, 'iro 3TO TOJii.Ko oTHOCHTCJihuo H ^To jiaHcc ca- 
Moe jiyMuiee iiojioKciiie CBpecB-b bt» cpc;iHie B'l^Ka 
iipcACiaBjiH.'io eiiie ;iocTaT04HO Tpani'iecKHx-b ajieMCH- 
TOB'b. HcjiH Mij bhjiiimtj, ^to jui^KC Bi> HacTOfliuec 

BpCMH, KOIVia MCJlOBl.MCCKiH IipaBa CBpeCB-b IipH3HaiOTC$l 

de jure 3aK'oiio;iarejibCTBOMTi iio^th bc'&xi> caponeA- 
CKiixi> rocy;iapcTBT>, CBpcficKaH Hauia nacio, ojiHaKO, 
ocTaeiCH rojio;iHOK) sa BceMipiioil xpaiieaofl iiapojioBi, 
H ua Ka;K;iaro Mjicna Haiiiefi ceMbii npiixo;iHTCH HCMa- 
-uiH jioji>i CTpa;iaHin aa cc(5jt, 3a cboiixij Gjihskhxt. h 
pojlHuxia H 3a Bce iy;ieficKoe iiJieMH— to JierKO ceCli 
iipe;icTaBHTh, KaKOBo Cwjio iiojio>KeHic axoro njiCMenii 
Ht TO Bpc'M«, Kor^ia BMi&CTO .'jaKoiia rociiojicxBOBajiH 
iipou3BOjn. H CjiaroycMOxpt.nie iipaBHxejihcxBenHMXi> 
jiHU'b Bct>xb iiiicTaHuifl, 6jiaropo;iH«xi> puiiapeii 11 
coBC'tM'b iier);iar(»po:inoii MepiiH. Hcjiii hmh'T>, npM 
rpoMKOMi^ npoBoar.'iaiiieniii ncaaBHCiiMocTH rocyjiap- 
CTBa oTb iicpKjui H iKiioBiijiaHia, iipH oOmeM-b VBa- 
yKcniii Mo;iOHli'iecKHxi. iipaBi> h iipcon.naaaiiiH npaa- 
v:TBeniii.iXT» iipuHmmoBi^ Bb oomecTBeHnoii :Kii3HH, kt. 
naMTj iicKviioMHTe.'iLno npiijiaraeTvH jipyrofl MaciiixaOiB 
rpa^KjiaiiCKHX-b innoiiieiiifl, 11 cep;me name nacxo Ha- 
iiojiHHcioi ropcMi.K) B-b Biijiy xoro, KaK'b caMbie Cea- 
iipaBCTiicHHue ;iio;ni cnnaiox'b ccOh RiipaB"fe CMiiJio 
iipoiioBfijiOBaxh Ha.M-b Mopa;ih, KaK'b OoJiTie yiii']^peH- 
nijc cuuTaKm> naci. neoOxoxinMUM'b 3.iOM'b, Ji-ia KO- 
Tuparo iiOmie 3aKi.)HiJ no iiiicaFiu, 11 KaK'b OTKpoBeH- 
Hue \\:\i» namiixi, corpa>Kjian'b mbho B3;iuxaK)Ti> no 

HIlKBIIMlHliOHHIJM'b KOCXpaMT. li lIlJTK'fe ClieiUaJlbHO JIJIJI 

iiacb — n.» He Tpy;iHO hohhti. KaKOHO jKn-iocb HaLiiuiii* 
Hpf.iKa.Mb HI, T I; HptNiena, Korjia pejiiiriH cocxaBJiHJia 
Ba>KHl,rniiiH (baK'iop'b bi. rocyjiapcTBcHHofi MCHaiiH, H 
clmnaTHMcckoi- jiyxoBOHCTiJo iipoHOBiiuiJBa.io Ha Bci^xi* 
yr.iaxi. nenaBncTi. kt. nnonlipHaMTi, Konia o SBaMeniH 
rpa>K.iaHCTBeHHocTn ;uih onHierocy^^apcTBeHnofl ^KHanu 
H 'ic.'ioBfe'iecKoMT* ;iocTf)HHCTB-fe ;ui>Ke oopaaoBaH- 



24 D'^m:) p]Dj«a 13 

im T331 .tPHipn DP wnj p nb h"i iriio '^nii ! n:: kv nKi ns 
m^rn whv ^yr\•a^ iwbj «^ o^wa ^'n nairiu a^a ^-r piu •Ha 
'm f I It 



IiT.\;i.\ Tajii lUi. :J7 

ii'l&fiiiiic J110AH iiM'T^;iii caMiJH cMymiuM iioiiMTi». [1 oc.in 
CFiy'iafiHO bt. ii.^Ht»CTHoft cipan-J; vMacTi. eHpecBT> Oij;ia 
o6jierHeHa, xaKi. mto oiin moi.th iM.-ii.3onaibca ciio- 

KOfiCTBiCM-b, TO V .'HOaCli Cl. MVBCTnOMh :)T() CIIOKOfi- 

CTBie nocToJiHHo orpaB-iMJiocb iiiaiKOCThK) iio-'KniceiiiH 
11 Heyui&peHHocTLio B-b aanrpaiiiueMh jinli, a emc Oo- 
Ji'tc — xcajiKHM'h cocTO«nicM'i. 11 XL OpaiLon-L, iipoMCii- 
uaioumxi* bi* jipyrnxT* crpanaxh. i)ro coctohiuc 
BKpaTiii; II BCCi.Ma MlnKo oxapaKTepii:u)HaHo cjil>;iyK)- 
miiMii c.iOHaMii (MHoro imdiCTiiaro vMCHaro: „Hc;iii 
cymecTBvex'b CKajia CTpaaanifl, to Il3pan;n. ;iocTiin» 
Buciiicft eH CTeiieini; ecvjii npo.To;r/KiiTe;ii.nocTi, OKopOn 
Ji Tepii'feHij!, vri. KOTopiJMH OHM iicpeiiOv'viivH, oGjiaro- 
pa/KHiiaiOT'b, TO cBpcii Moryri* CMli/io CDiicpmriaTi, ctj 
6JiaroponH']^j)iiiHMii bcI;\t. npaiii;; cc.tii .TiiTcpaxypa 
c^niTacTCH OoiaTuK), Kuivia ona uMriCTi. irr.CKo;n,KO 
KJiacciiHecKiiX'b ipaicviifi, id KaKue 'a<v M'TiCTO c\Tli 
.mycT-b OTBCCTH Tparcjiin, iipo;injr/U'ai()meftcH tuchmii 
Ji'fex'b, KOTopaH rocTaicR'iia H iipc;iciaB:i>ic'U'H caMiiMu 
repoMMR ear" *). 

CaMO C0601U parn-MiiCTCvi, 'no :na Tcvia, 'lacToxpaK- 
xycMaH II iipcyKHiiMii iioinaMif. iie Moivia iic ^aTponyTi. 
3a ;i<HBOC TaKoru oT.uJHMnuaro iiov)Ta, KaK'h P. loryna, 
II cro iieHa.-ihUMf .uakh iipoiiiiKaioT i. i;o ncHKyio ;iyiiiy 
H criocoOniJ panporaTi. i^wKor ccp;ui»'; BMiicrl; ch 

B03BIJIIICIlinJMl. C.TOrOMb 11 KpaCOToK) lUK^TIIMCOKIIXh 

(t)opM'b iiiiciiH rnii iiMi.ioTi. ciuc n> i^aykiiot* .[.octohh- 
CXBO, MTO Bi* nnxi* OTcyicinyKji'h iicHKiii iiiap/K-b ii 
iiC5iKaH iieccTCCTiuMmocTi., '! l.MT> MacTD 1 p LiiiaTb iipc;!- 
iucctbcuhhkh AOyjii.-Xaraiia. TaKi* in, u.iiioM-h MLciii 
no;>XT>, oOpaiuaHCh ki» I>oi\, no<.i::imiavri>: 

„TijI wacb npocii.n. in» u.^niaiiie, KOTopot* >K>icex"b 
„Hac'b, KaK-b ;Kajio cxii.'iiiu, ii Hlixi. y iiacb yrFimii- 
„xejia; hiikto ii3t* nacb no iio'iiiTaciCM, ii iiotomctbu 
„>lKOBa cpaBHCHo cb iopiiicMi> na iiyiii. Ki. KONiy mu 

*) Zimz, DiV >vnapM..Ml,. I'm-!.- .l.s .Miti.bili. i\< « H-rlin 
1855J. p. 9. 



1 



r 



IicryjiA Tajiebh. 



CBpefiCKOMl. UeilTpife 6JI1I3K0 OT-b jxp5^;kcctbciihuxi» 



vHcniJxi, 11 iioaxoBii, lie juibjujo cMy ycnoKOiiTbca, h 
MH iio^TOMy aacTciCMx cro miocJiifejicTBiii :KiiBymuMi> 
B-b Kop;iOBt>, Bi> apaOcKofl hucth llciianin. Bi 



3s Ii-pyjiA Fajikbh. 



^MOK'CMT. oGpaiuaTLc» 3a iioMOuibK) J5i» HcajiKOMi> yr- 
„HCTeHiii HauiCM-b? Kto aa naci> aacryiiHTCH? Cmotph, 
^BOTh CbiiiT> paGiJHii (iiposBauie apaOoHb, iioroMKOB'b 

II „Arapii, cjiy>KaHKH AHpaaAia n Capw) yKCCiOKO BpaHC- 

j „,iycTi> npoTHBb mcum; oCpauiaeMCM k-b IFcaay (PHMy) — 

c „oii'b iiacb I'HCTCTi* II jiaBHTT>; BaiJBacM-b KT> Bory — 

15 „oin> Hacb He c.nunnirb" ^). 

I Bt> Jipyrofl paa-b iioaib, noJibsvHCb CTcpeoxiinHUMi. 

1 y>ke Hb jipcBHOCTii cpaBHCHicMb Bora h H3paii:ibcicofl 

* oOmiinw C'b -iionamcii 'leroii, roBopHT-b iiepBOMy oti. 

.f [ iiMCHH iiOLVifc.iiiefl: 

j| ': „0, Jipyrb Mon, pa.Mtli tu coijc'T>mt> 3a6ujn> BpCMH, 

„iipouc,^ciiiioe T060K) 6jni3b Mena, 11 Ha BifeKQ iiepe- 
„ua;ib MCHii Hb pyKH ynieTaTCJieft? BcnoMHH mok) 6e3- 
„rp:iH«MHyio lIpL^'^a^HOCTb no BpcMsi c;ife;io»aHiH npeai* 
„ropia H HvcriJUH, scMy cbii.iIjtc/ih Ccupb, IlapaHb 11 
„CiiHa(i. Tona tkovi jiiojobb h tboh 6;iarocrb Bceiil^jio 
„npiinaiJic>Ka;ni Mnt.: huh% yKe nee jioctohhic Moe u 
„BC>i MOH Mccn. 0T;uiHia jipyriiMb. ^aGpoiueiia h Bb 
„CeHpb (PjiMb), 3aTepHHa bf> Ke;iapi& (ApaBin), o5iun- 
„naeMa m, MBaHt (l^peuiH) n ynieracMa Bb Mhjuh. 
„Cymec:rBycn> jim CHacuxcib, iio/ioGHbifl tcGTs, h ua- 
„xo;anTCii jiH y Koro raKoe TBcp;ioc- ynoBanie, KaKi. y 

nMCHM? llpc;XOCTaBI, ACC MhIj TBOK) UOMOIIUm KaKT. Te6i& 

\ ,,npiina;iJic>Kim> bcvi movi .iioGom." -). 

If \\:u\ 'A<Q Bb TaKOMi* po.'iii: 

•• „TiJ iipnnpHTajn. on* mch>i tijok) necHHuy, h boti» 

„HcnpiHre;iL Ha.'ii>;k'H;ri. na mchvi cbuio TH-zivC-iyio pyxy; 
„pa3irT; tij mchh C0Bct..\j b uoTaBiui'b, pasB'li He XBa- 

|. „Tacn> y reGn cii/n>V Tu irli ib iicroHHiiKb MorymecxBa 

T; „n KpiinocTii, n ecjiii iio^KCiaciiib oOjiaroirfexejibCXBO- 

„Baxb, ID Hbxb 'ic6f; iioMlixii. Sauf^Mb mhok) aanjia- 
,,.Tli.in 'lyHv'ic n.iaciiixe.iii, mhi r.ls.ib mou y;xf>;ib? Cjiy- 
„>Kainiil vBt>eMy 'J'p.opny, Kaicb Mn>Kexb oht. CTyacaxb 

*) M. Sai'hs. hi*' ii.-Iii;i.»5o l*n<»>i" jli'r.Iuilon in Spanion, (Berlin 
1815), p. :u)l. 

*) Cm. "'*.'?.-! n'wn '-. »i. I. cip. 55. 



24 D'^mj p]D«a no 

Di?>rn OiT^p irniai ly^a^ «S o^iyo yn nairna 3jid ^"t pici.:iti 
immmmmmmmmmtkammmmmmmmtm 



Il.r.vjlA rA.'IKRM. W 

^TBapaM-L? Bt> ropli n pa:n»CTn >i int'ciHyK) uoat* tbo- 
„i]iii> .'maMcncMh, aaMbM-b >Ke iioni moii cKOBauu, luarii 
„cnyTaKiJ ii h iioctohhho ciioiuKaicchV (), R'lajiUKo 
«Mipa, TLi CO MHoio ;?aKJiic»mjTh voicai* JucHiui, y mchh 
„flO ciixT. iiop-b iifiTi. .ipyraro ;Ke-'!aiii«, KaKi. toju.ko 
^nepxcaihCH Te6M Kpf.iiKO ii niJMno" '). 

BiipoMexiT,, CMinaw) Hy*/KHiJMi> di'orophtloi, mto nv \ 

TOJiUxO MOII Cv^aouH np()?aiiMcckiH iiepe-'io>Keni>i, KaKi< | 

3Ti!Xii, TaKt 11 nirA'cc.'ifi;iyK»!iuiX7. iipnii^iHVU'niii iia- j 

inero iioaia, ho ii OciIl' iicKycwiaft iio:>Tii«iecKifi lu- 1 

peBo;n> HnKoiiMi* oOpaaoMi. lu- m* cocTuwuiii ni»pc;iaTh 
ry iiJi'feHHTejiMiyK) Kpacoiy, ly 3a;iynieHnocii. ii lor)* i 

CBfllUCHHIjfl >Kap'L, KOIopiJMlI JU-JHUlTb HC'I. CIO Clllia- j 

rorajikiujsi iii^cmi, ii:K)npavKaion* ;ni ohIj itiaciiiiH ": 

cxpcMJieHia jiyinii kt. iiomiaiiiio l]ora ii ko bcom}' Ojia- 
ropo;inoMy, iipeacTaiciHion^ /iii rophkiM (uiiyincniM 
rp%ninaro cep;iua, muyiiiaro ii«)Ka;iHiji, ii;ih ^kc pii- 
cyiOTb utMUMie Tuopua hi. ero luoponinxh. IIootomhud ' 

OUT. Haxo;iHn> cawce y;ia'iH( c ivioiio, caMoe M'liTKoc 
Bijpa>K'eHie ii cavKii ii(>;ixc';i>!miri kj.iomt. m> mojicuT- 
secKOMy cep;my. C'aMuii >ko (VieciHiiiiii (>r;rl..'n» co- 

CTaBJJ>lCTT> CCpiH CTHXcH HOpollifl, KOTOp\ lO MOJv'IIO lia- ! 

3BaTL nfJAecmvHvKoin, Ha CKJionf; ;ii.n>, hi* iiaiiieMi. j 

iiootIs, coxpainniiiioMi. hch.) i'n;i\ ii CHl,;ia\ n. vnDcrc -j 

jiapoKaHiii, ijpoiinoiiijia ni.uoiDpaH iiepcM l.iia. Cephc.".- '' 

HUM pa3MiJiii.'ieiiiM o H():{i:i.iii!eHi]O.Mij :uiaMtiiiii cnpcfl- ,•; 

CKaro H'I'.poyMeiiiH ii iioipy^Kcnie h'l c<.):icriiaine hc- | 

JliiKHXT* iipHHUiiiioin, iy;iaii3Ma, a MtoKCTh nijii. eiiic \ 

KaKce HH6y:u, Bnliiiiifci' oncTMHTc.-ii.CTHo, :<naMiiTOJibno Ij 
yCHJiiiua-'iM 11 (5ca'h Tino Kpt.iiKyKi hi. iicmi. iH'.niirio:^- 

nyio CTHxiio. Ma.'io no Ma:iy oii-b ;i(Miie;ri. ;io yCli^K- •; 

jieHiM, MTO Chf,TCKaH iioikm'w 11 r)y;tiiirini.K* iiiiTcpeciJ s- 

jlHfl neconMifecTiiMi4 CI* ;iyxi>M i> iicTHiiiiaro 6:iaro'iccTiH , 

H HCJlOCTOflBIJ TOrO CHMIIlUllHarO fl3IJKa, KOTOpUil cjiy- 
^HJ11> OpraHOMT. JIJIH OTKpOIieHlH r>0>KiH H IKl KOTO- 

poMi> paaroBapiiBi'i.'iii ii:<pan;iLCKic iiajpiapxii, iipopoKii 
») TaM-b-a^o, cTp. 61. 



2\ 



li rvjJA 



CBpefiCKOMl* ncUTpl* 0JIH3KO DTI. Jlj 

yneHux-L II iJo3TonT>, lie jiaaajio eiiy > 

!uu noaiOMy aacracM-b ero BnocjitACTBiu ^cuHvittHMI 

ni> KopnoBt, b-u apaOcKOfl ^aciti Tlcnaiiiiu "' 

ilMHWriMMiiaiilMilii^^ 



40 



IsryjiA Tajikbh. 



B BC& CBJiTue uy^ii eapeficKofi crapHuu, h noaroMj 
KaKb rjiaciin. upeAaHie, oa-b ^ajii. ce6i& aapoici. ue 
3auHyaTbC5i doji'^e CBi^TCKoio noasieio n hc npoj)ani 
poBaib ;ipeBae-eBpeflcKaro asLiKa. TaKowy ^e Teneui^ 
Mucjiefi A6yjii.'XacaBi> c.ii&jxoBaji'b a oTaocHiejibi 
naJiecTUHU. Hi&Mi> r-iy6>Ke oai. norpyncajica bt* pad 
jiyMbe o BeJiHRiu Tofl CTpauu» rjiife aapaajiLCKifl tiq 
pojii. npoBOUHJiT. CBoe 6jiecTfliuee npoiriJioe u i^ttj 
P'iane 3TO cjiasHoe apourjioe oTJiOHaJiocb bt> coauatiill 
noaTii oTii coBpcMeHHaro euy cocioiiBia ero eziHBQ 
B-fepueBi*, j^wh Jiyieaapiiifee HBJinjiSLCh euy Beuj 
iipeAKOBi* H T^&f-b cBJibir&e BJieicjio ero lyna. Bi> uh 
meynoMfluyxoM'b niaJiorn^ecKOM'b coMHHeaiH P. leryji 
BjiaracTT. bi. ycra yjeaaro iipe;tcTaBHTe;iH iyiiaaa 
Qpa xasapcKOMii HBOpi^ BOCTop)iceHiiufl p-hnu bi* q^ 
xaaJiy cbhtoA aeujiii, mto aactaBJiJieT^b xaaapcKar 
uapi! uptjuiOACKTh ewy Doupoct — BOHcwy Mce oat 
CTapaexcsi ornpasHTbCH xyua, «iro6M Mixih lawii? 
DTo napcKift co5ec^jiHHKi. oTB^'taexi*: »»TiJ, uapb, cii 
BC^MTi npacTUAJLTb MeHH; aio bi> caMOM-b x^ji-t ojimi 
aai. cjiaduxT* iiyHKTOBi. bi> pejiarioaiioft )*ch3Hu, rjJ 
upaKTHKa ae cooTB'feTCTByeTi* Teopiii*^. Kt* KOiiuy 
yqeHaro npeaia, Kor^a uapb CbiJi-b yjKe odpameni. 
iyjieflcTBo, iipe^CTaBJiaeicji, mo y ero eBpeScfcar 
yqeiiaro ,T,^flCTBHTejibHo HBHJiocb pi&tncHie oTiipaeHTbC^ 
fli* riajiecTHuy, ii ydifeiiHTeJibH^fliijia iipocbGu uapa 
KOTopoMy ^ajib 5hiJ[o paaciaTbcsi co cboumi* y«i 
jicMT*, ue Moryx'b aacxasfixb nocji^kunsiro oTKaaatbt: 
0X1* CBoero aaia-l^peHisi. Bo BceMi> aroMi* aBxopb upc 
cxaBHJr-b CBoe coCcxBeHaoe oiaoiueaie Kb iiacxojii; 
Bonpocy H xi& Mbiciii h nyacrBa, Koropua aasjiai 
ero cep^aeMTa ii jtymoio. 

B-b Bucuiefl cxeaeufi HHXCpecMu iipocjiB iHTb bc 
miKJi-b cTMxoTBopeHifl Haiuero TajieBu, oriiocsiuiiAc 
K*b ero nepeccjieaito B*b riajiecxitiiy. 3tott» unKJt 
aanuuaexcM r^uu upoiisBeaeHiflMHi BiiKoxopux-b tio^i 
uaxoiucb erne aa ucnaHCicoA poAaa'^^ cxpacxao uopji 
Baexcji Bi» oCi^xoBaHRyK) acMJiio. Bi> ojiaoMx. ii3i» uvtxi 



24 



n'^nii «?]Dj«a 



no 



Iran 1331 .o'Kipn nv wn: p «^ f'n ir-.ia *^n:i ? nas ^s? .iki ns 
Di^rn m^bif «*;n3i wsa «^ oSipa yn n3ir/i3 3/13 ^"r pto •«.! 



Ii:ry;iA rA.nicmi. 



41 



oHi» nupa'/KacTCH o lepycajinsili c/iTiayionuiMn cjio- 
naMfi: 

„Kpaca CTpaiiij, pa;iocTh Mipa, cioJiHua i)e;niK]ixi> 
^uapcfi, o, KaKi* TMHCT-b MciiM K"b TuO f; ch Kpafliiaro 
„3ana;ia! KaKi* Ho.inKa moh CKop6h iipH HOciiOMiiHaHiH 

„0 npe5KHCMl» TBOCMl* IJCJIIlKO-llillill tl O HaCTOfllUeMl> 

yPaapyiucHiii tbolio xpaxial V:ih anh n3aTi, opjiHHufl 
„iiojicTi. ;m5i Toro, utooi> h Mor-b iiacumaTr. moiimh 
^CJicsaMii aeM.iK) thoioV NKiih H;ie»ieTi> ki» tiOI;, xot» 
„uapcTno TBOc ucHes.'H), xoth Mlicio TiJDtMi) uh.inTej'ih- 
^uaro 6a/ib3aMa 3aiiiiMaK)r7« iimhI; 3&» I.ii ;ia CKupiiioiiu. 
„Tboh MiiJiiJC KaMim MHh-6Fj xorf5;iocr> pa3H.1>JiOBaTi,, 
„a TBofl iiecoKT. 5iJ.Tb-0u Mill; cjiaine Mcay" *). 

Bi> jipyroMT* CTHxoiiiopeniii OHt nucK/JimaeT-b: 

„CcpJlUO MOC JlhUrj-h Kl> BOCTOKy (t. c. kt* PlaJic- 
^CTiiH-fe), a H iipiiKoi'.auii KT* Koijuy 3aiia;ia, icaK-b >Ke 
„MoryTT» JiCTBa mhI; Cijtl iipi«THi.i? KaKUMi* oGpa30M'b 
^Mory « HCiio;iHHTL Moii ooTiTb (h.'ih cep:icMiJoe ^c- 
„jiaHie), iioK'a Cioin. v,o H.iacTH c)uoMa (I'liMa), a h 
mBT* apaGcKHX-b ui&iiHX'b? Bcli 6.iara llciianin uoie- 
«,pjiJiH BTb MOiix-b iviasax-b 3iiaMcnic, a ;iopi)ro Mnf. 
^jiBiiib y3p'LTb M'licTo pa3pyiircHHaro xpa.Nia" '). 

Ht* cjKiBHufl :-*Ji('riH 110:1:1* na:MjanicM l Cinn'o BOCTop- 
HceHHOCTb iio:)ra. yiiucnie cnocio cup-H^Mrioio iicMa.ino 
H CTpacTiioc ero mcMciiit* ki. cBwroNiy rpa:iy, nucKa- 
suBaioTCx BO Bccii CBocfi cn.'il;. llaMa.'iLinuH crpocbu 
DToft :>;icriH rjiaorr-b: 

„0 Cioiii*, TJJ litzib \iv :jaofj;rh iiioiix-b ii.rLimi.ix'b 
„M3rHaBHiiKoin*, ociaTKa thoch iiacTHU, iipiiMH >icc oT-b 
^UHXi*, pa3cifeHiiHi.ix'b iia vxf* McTupe i:Ttipoinj, ropn- 
„qifl uoKJioH-b! IIpiinTiTii n-nli raK>Ke ott. y^iinKa 
„CTpacTii (t. c. oT-b caMoi'* iio:»ra), KOTopuii Kpt,iiKo 
,,»c;iajii> 6u iipoJiiinaTi, lia TBOiixb ropaxb cnon ro- 
nPiOHisi c-ieaij, cjioiuio pocy XepMoiia! M iipeBpamaiocb 
„Bi» uiaKa/ia juih tofo, ^nooh iijiaKaxi, o inocMb Ofeji- 



*) Cm. 'iSn m'.n' -i m. I, np. 7. 
") TaMii-me, cxp. 7 — s. 



rN 



\ 



Mfai nocHOMy aacTSiCMij ero Biiocji^jicmiu ;*nuiyiuiai 



42 



Icry;iA Tajikbh. 



,,CTBiH, HO Koraa MHife pacyexcfl Cynymee inoe BejiD- 
^<iie, H CTauoBjiiocfc ap(t»ofl, B3AaK)mefi cjiaziKie anyKii. 
„MeHH luiaH^ii. CBOHMH HapaMB Eeiejit h npyrifl Mfecra 
^eamero npenKa laKOBa, rji^ Bcrp^Hami ero ^ucTue 
pTBOu aHreJiL.!. O Cioui>, KaKi> Ojib^kh 6HJia Te6% 
,,Bo>Kifl GjiaronaTB, tboh Bpaxa Cujih otkputu Tsop- 
^ueMi) npoTiiB-b HeCecHtix-b Bpait! He Hy^najicH lu 
„Bii CBi&T'fe cojiima, Jjyiiu h aB-feajii*, h6o Koicifl Ojiccici. 
„Te6fl nocTosHHO oaapHJii.. O, KaKi> mejiajii>-6i3i ji 
„HcnycTHit ^0CJ^'feJ^Hee jiuxaHie jRWh^ tr^ Dap»jn> 
„Ayxi. HeCecBufi Hani> tbobmh n3(5paBHHKai^Q! Tb1| 
^qapcTBCBBbiA rpajn>, HeOecHuft tpoh"b, aa^ii^Mii pa6u 
„BCTyDajiH Ha npeciojiu iBoax'b BJiajiuKi.? Ecjih-Cu si 

^,MOri> CXpaBCTBOBaTt UO Mi&CTaMl>, TSX^ TBOH npoposcM 

„yAocTOHBajiMCb jiHueapi^Hia Bo^ia! Tai^^GLi MH-fe Bajifb 
TtKpmibH, htoGt> nojiertTb ii CM^iuaib oCjiomice uocro 
,iCepiina CI, TBOHMH pa3BajiHHaidB? npHJiftByjit-Su h 
.^jimiewh Ki> noHBi^ TBoeA b bdhjich 6u bi> tboh KaMim 
»,H BCMJiK), Ct TpeneiBLiM'b 6jiaroroBi^HieMi> ocxaHaB- 
^jiHBajiC5i-<5u H Ba rpoCHwaaxi. CBflxuxi* naxpiapxoHni 
^Bx XeapoBife, Ha ropaxt AeapuM-b ii ropi^-ra-Fa 
^rji'fe Do*iiioTi» flBa BejiiiKnxi* cB-fexiijia (Moaceft^^ 
^Aapout). Tfioft B03jiyxT> — o^KHBJiHexii nymy, uecoitu 
^jXBoeft 3eMJiH Jiyiiue RCiiKaro apoMaxa, a bi. pi&Kaxi» 
hTbobxi> xe*!eTi> weTioBaa naxoxa. C-h BCJiBKBu-h im- 
„cjia}KjieBieikdi> xojihjii>-6u s^ xoxi> u^tuut, b Cociain, 
i,no pasBajiiiHaM-b xBoero xpaMa, no Mi&cxaMi*, ni* 
iiCTOHJiH cB^meiiBLift KOB^erB II xepyBHM-b. 51 ct 
f^BC% MOB yKpaiueHifl u dpokjibbbk) BpeMsr, b'b 
„poe xBoii CBHXUBH CujiB ocKBepacBbi Ha He^acxafl 
««a6»;i'i^, KaKi> Moryxi> Diiiiia h aHTbe ;iocxaBjTsxL uu% 
^yaoBo-ribCTBie, noKa h BB>Ky, mo ucu xacKaioxi. tbo- 
^»x-b .ntiBOBii? KaiCb MO>Kexi> neCecHufl csi&Ti^ 6uti» 

.JipiHTHUM'B MOBMlk rjia3aM1i, KOrjia M 6B>iCy, ^TO TBOtt 

YiOpjifal cxajiH zio5uqefi aopoHi*?*^ h t. Ji, Vk 



aM3 nr^n^) na nem. paspyuieiiU lepycdJiiMa. 



D^mj c]DNa 



ID 



s^Vrn cn^^r ^3•^^^3l tpa^j hS a^^ra ^'t^ nsirrc 31^3 V ? p*c yi 



ItryjlA rAJlBBB, 



43 



Majio 00 M&ity P. IcrvAa yifCHMercii co»epttfefifio 
c% wLic/iuici o leFifOuiiiM^, 'jin uucnh jjpcc;i%ayeTi» 
ueoTCTf iiiii>> iioo6pa>Kcaie ^ebo piicyerii cmj Rap- 

BDHBTit arf KapTHHy na siiiy 11 no ch% Bit OAiiofl 
Qn% paicicaauiiAerb npa citoA conit: 
J^ocooAitt icaKi# ^lyiiifo npiSTiio Tooe Ki/mmci h 
nirii (ljia3«cciiittj 6/ti]^icie icit ie5^ bi> cBoit£i» bhii%^ 

lislJlli! Coillb ncp€R!!Cl> ll€BH B^ Bo^Kli Xpa^l», H M 

CTOHJiCM yap^Tb nejiEKOjrtale ciym^u iii» ueii'bi 
leepToy Bceco>K)i£eHisi« >ifepfny npiiiioiueiiU k ooajila* 
ua sjiTapt, a KpyroMi» cTOJiabi c05imeiTiiarD jiume. 
lurpydif/ic^ ji Bi* tvARoc H^aie /teBHToe'b« icaKi* oiiti 
ipoH3uoc«rm 6o>i:eCTBci]UMe rnjiHU..- npocHy;iCft a, 
ce eme ^lyBCiEyH ofiatRie tBocik 6^iiaacrB, aa ^rrom 
^^onAHntito HUH TBue** *>, 

Uaicaiicuik, iio^ri> y^e ue ei^ coctonuiii uoOopori* 
ifufiaiio upec^i^itytotiieif tro mucjifi, 11 pfimciiie uo- 
iHyTi» see M oTHpasHTbcsi Bi* naJicctimy biiojih^ co- 
»JiQ, Ha^iiEiaeTCJi y Hero u'fe.Titjfl pn/ii* cM^maHHuxi* 
lynicBiA* Cii ojivofl CTOpoHu da/KeHctiio CKoparo 
E^yiuectiixiepf)! era tiaea/iuiiMx-v DDMUitj/ieiiift, a cv 
^roft— i*ope«ii» t!^«ftio(t paa/iyKB co BC^ua jioportiMti 
ccpjiuf cymccreaMH, Tyiii cHaciie otb ^ioctmkc- 
in CTojii« n/iaMeeuo ^KemxciioO n^nn^ a Taui> 6o/i%3- 
tniiUM oitiyiaeiil}! iipw ociAnnemu HaiicerAa ponHBu 
iri^^vfiuxi* jipyaeflt CTapataitiiixcH oTic.noiiHtf> ero pi^- 
BSiti a aaiiiyit, ouepeiiiit ^usuii bi» pjimioHectrfi a 
«iy»c(inui^« Bc^ ^tm oiuymcHi>r uapHcoBEim A5ym*- 
LacaaoiTb faicoo uacrcpcKOfO pyicoio if ratcsMti mf^- 
nuun EpacKauB, nro obi» 3acTaBiiii6Ti> ^iiTaTCJiH ca* 
nepcMVBCTiioiiaTK ucTi xpeBorH amopa no j*cjii»- 
^iiiHtiuxik nojipo6iiot:Tcfi. OAuciMy apyry, iiaii«cai»uie«y 
^CKrUWHccKoe ifocitaBte, 01. KOTopoM-b OUT* pa^iiyMii 
^Boaaiin erapa^^ca yAcpiKnHaxb P. leryAy un. ucuajt- 
SHiji npttHiJTaro aan* pTuneHiii, noc/!l;Anift oxa^uacxij; 



*> Cy.nV;? ht-t' ' 'i^ I, ct|». 8- 



24 



enpeflcKOKJi, neiirpi^ 6wrni3Ko ott. ;ipy>icccTaenHUXV 
y'leiiux-b H Doaxoin., tie naDajio cwy ycnoKOHiucs, n 
uu noaiOMy aacTHewb cro unocji^jicTpiii ;icnuymMMii 
111, Kop^ioBt, B-b apaGcKoft Hacm HciiAuiii. U-h 



44 



leryjiA rA/mau, 



,,PtMH TBOK CJiajlKH, HClCyCHU BUIHe XBdJIbl, HO i 

,,uBxi> KaK"K OyRTo aaci^jiH Boopy>KeHHLie ui* aaca 
„B!b Ka^KaoMii cjioB% cKpisiBacTca n^ejia, roToaasi yi 
„;ioTi»» H Bi> TBoewb Meiiy capsiTaHbi KOJiio^ie lepa 
^lepycajiHMit, na)Ke HaxoiiHci> bo B/iacxH uHOBitpuei 
„He lepjieT'b CBoero oOaHHia KaKi* Mi&CTHOCTb, 
„CTOiTJiii xpaM-b BoKifi, Hjih corpibinafOTi, Bcife tS. 
„KOTopue oOpamaioTCJi ryna bi. cbohxt> iiojiaTBaxii? 
„He cnpaBcjiJiHBo-JiH nocTynajia natun upeflKn, cr| 
„TaBtniec« TaM'B KaK-b HyyKie npHHuieuu h DOKym 
„inie lawb rpoGenuu jijih cbobxi* uokohhrkobi.^ xmi' 
^sCM/iM npMHaii;ieM<ajia H3biHH8KaMi>? Hanpaciio-Jiu aa- 
^CoTHjiHCt OHH o OajiLsaMMpoBaiiiH yconomxi* a or- 
„npaBJieHi« hxi> xy^a? iIapoMi»-JiH BoaflBnrajin can 
„TaMi>, erne jio coopyiKeHisi cBsixoro xpana, a.^ixapti it 

,)«pMHOCHJlll >KepTBbl? ECJIH BCnOMBBaCW-B TIOK^ 

qKobi>, HOC^maeMi. KJianOBma, to B03Mo>KHo-;ii 
,,(5uxB Mi&cxo KOB^era sani^Ta n CKpH^aJieft 3afcoi 

„HCXO^HHKa B^MHOfl >KH3HB? OcXaJIOCb-JIH IiaMl. R^ 

,jBcero Hauiero jipeBHsro AocxoaHiM mo-jinOo Kpo< 
flCBflxuHb? lIid^e&iXi-jiB Ha BoCTOK-fe BJiH iia aanaa-fe 
„K0fl HHOyjib Bane)KHbifi yrojioKii, ^xoGt npeHe6pertt| 
,,CBameHBiJMH M^ciaMM? H^tij, eAHHCTBeHHMfl Han 
,»onJiorb rsLM^y m^ otkplitu Bpaxa ki> ne5y, rni roj 
fjCHBafi, Kapwejib n EcxDJib, rji^ Gujih :^'HJiBiua iif 
^pOKOBT*, oOaxejiii cBflmeBHHKOBi. H npecTOJiu Ha' 
^uapefl, noMaaaiiHHKOBi. Bokibxi*. Scmjia aia h; 
,,^eHa BiiM-b H HanicMv notoMcxBy, xoth bub^ 04 

nnyCTblBaa 11 C/iy>KBXT> JlOrOBBlUCMl. ABKHXIi 3B^J! 
W T. A. *). 

Saxl^ifb, nocjvh xporaxejibHUxi, iipoinajibHbiXT* 
•lefl, oGpaiueHHbix-b ki. ejiHHCTBeHiiofi jio^cpM, icb BuyK 
nocHBaiCMy TaK^>Ke nun lerynbi, 11 kt* npyab^iMT., ci 
nyeiTj utjiasi cepia irpeviecTHUxi* cinxoxBopeuift, 
DHcainibix-b BO BpeM« njiaBaHiH Ba uop% C-B 
paaHMOfo rpycTbio nodx-b orjiflauBaexc« na oCTRBJieli 



»j Tmi-unre, crp. 1(;-I9. 



cn^rr cn^^y n^n^-* tjsj h^ c*^ip3 ^7i nrr/o 3112 ^7 pio ^Kn 



Iiry^A rAn&sit. 



45 



mi ciioiixit TDiiaptiuicJl 11 y 'feuHKoB^^ k'oTO{iyxi« om* 

titoe BuKor/ia fie yMn;inTTi, HpKHMu icimcKaiiii 

Duia CBoe neiajiiiHoe cocTosmle, itairUi ifjiiLa* 

^ti Bii yTJiCfO AOCMaToH noctportKl;, KOTopoft csiteiiit- 

rao rpoisiTi. oiiiiCHocni on. Oypii, oti* uirparoBii u 

iiopc»:>ix-i» lynOBiiiUT*, ou^ BMtcrfe cii tfewi* co- 

"«) o^ttaoiCb cpcAH rpyCuxTi iiaTpocQuii u He- 

icBHofi ^cpnii. Ho Bci& 3TU tJCHajiitUWii pa^Mwiu- 

tuiM paaoiii. HCMe3iiion», KorAa npem* uwmt* iipo- 

twh ain* 6yiierk uh rlixib u'tcTMxiii ici> Koropiitiii^ 
lyinrrByeri* u^a^^onnMOQ Bjie^coic, Tra iipuG/in- 
tierca 10 npcii», Konia oni. ticnuiaeTT* caMoe kijc- 
^e jiyxoiiRoc i!;iCJm>K;ieine. Hi. omiOMi* itai* ^mxi* 
ixoTiiopeuiCl ouTm uocioiiiuaeTi^: 

^DoiKC, Jiytuft MOH Jicerjia m hi* noKofe, 11 b*i. xpc- 
lortiv ^jiarocjiaB/iweT'b tcOh hi. noicopHocrH; TcOli m 

lyioci, n BO npcM5i Ka^aBiH^ Korna cyaiio lUiwe 
ym . Tii, ciioiJHo CTpayci*» cboh Kpujii*«; lonoio 

lu^ .L^iocb Kurjia (io;io whom wopcK^tH iiynHim 

lyMiiti* u ie/ioKO»jcT*i., tionpaMviur 6ypi;, npoticxojtK- 

ICB Bli WOcfl BliyTpCHHOCTU, a Alio MopcKoe >fpoCTllO 

cnutiTi^; Koraa mtj iiOABCpraciicji oimciiocTu oti> ajio- 
ki!Bi*» nonCTeperaioiuuxi* Eiacb Bi* actpHKaHCKHX':b 
lOKiiX'L; ifor.Tii wopCKie jhI^ph h **yTuiBiHHa roiiHTCH 
ifawii^ TUKJ* HTQ ucch iinpojti. ira KopiiO-'iIi oCtntx 
icBKtpfi.iTiMEiiMi* yJKacuMi.. llc Ko;ic5;ieTi* mchh na- 
caKaii laUoia o OoraTCTn-fe 11 iiMymccTuli ir iic pac- 

>axii iiosixi». OcTiiiuieiia mhoiq rohl, jiparo«*^HHuO 
^apyr-i* Jiyiuii n owa y Menu ejimJCTeeDiiaM, riiJKsiuyjii> 
^j« Tav^sifc i*if cyfia^ nocnnMHiiaiiie o KOTOpoui» upitnw- 
^HitcTi^ iiri"fc 3icccT0Kyig piiny; o, noporoc mira woe. 
,T iccrnufl itjMocna, KaKii MoMccri* Icryiia (jiliiii.) 

ith leryny (RtiyKajV Ho bcc aio jictko ncpc- 
.Mocifrcj* uftoio, Karjia « ci> jiioOoBbio o Onarocjioac* 
npitOiiinicaiocu Ki* tboumi* upamtf-u, itoGii no- 



24 



Ij-ryjiA rA7ii:nH. 



cBpciicKoMh iieiiTpij 0;in3ko oTh ;ipy>KCCTBei!HUXi. 
y»ieiii.ix'h II iiooTOuii, iic ;i.aiJa.'io CMy yciiOKOiiTtCH, h 
Mia iioinoMy aacracMi^ cro uiioc;rli;iCTiuii ^-iinymuM'b 
in. Knp.ioB'l;, lib apaOcKoii Maciii llciianiii. Bi. 




Ii:ry;iA I'ajikbh. 



„ccjiHThCH xaMi. Ha Bccr la. Bcf. omymciiiH cepxm<a 
,,Moero iipiiHOirry h na tboiI a.iTapb, KaKi) ^KcpTBu 
„BCcco*/K)KeniH. CHiinTiTo/n.CTBOMi. TOMV jia iiocjiy>Kiinb 
,,MOH MoniJia BT> acMjrh TBoefl!^ '). 

Hi. jipyroii pam. A6y;iL-Xacani. KaKi>-6u ciipa- 
miiBacTi. cc6h: 

„IIpiiincjn.-jni iioroii-b h :«aTOiiii-'n. bck) cyiiry? Bfci- 
„Mep.iH-;ni Bcfc jiiojui, MvIibotiiuh ii iiTimuV >I yciio- 
„K()i<)Ci, iipii ni!;if. ropi. ii ;io.inirb, :i,vacc iiycrwHH 6y- 
„:ieT'h Mnli iipiHTiia; no yBuI h orji>MWBaK)Cb iia Bci6 
„CToponiJ, u KpyroMi. lojibko nc6o, Bo.ia na flcpcBJiH- 
^iioe cy/iiio. To KHTi. (ii;iii Tyneii-b) BaOanaMyjiiT'B 
„Mopc H OHO iioKpuBaeicH irfiHoio, TO BOJiHW CKpanu- 
^naioTi. iiaiiiT. KopaG.ib h om. KaKi. nu HCHe3aeTi>; 
„B'ipyrb Mope CTpaiinio :jar)yniycTT> — ho jiyina moh 
^G.Ma.kciiCTijyer'b, iioo Ki. xpa.Mv Bora oHa iipH6jiii- 

„>KaiTCil" -J. 

r.b cnocMi. HeTepirliiiin iiocKopJjc yBH.Tl&Tb ropjT'io 
.'HoniiMUH MhcTHucTH, iiyTeiiiccTBeHHiiKb odpainaexcji 
Ki» Kopao.iK) H roBopiiT'b cwiy: 

„Ciit.niii cKopiiii co mhoio upesb HnincTij, hcch 
^MOHH «ipe:iT. Mep.MHoe Mope, iiociiUniy kt. ropfi Xo- 
^^pHHT., KT. IIln.io (C'n.ioMy), a oTTy;ia ki> paaBaJiH- 
„HaMb pajpyiiieiniofl cijmtuhhI *A iiOM^iycb no iiyTH, 
^iipon.U'HiioMy KOBMcroMi, :janl;Ta, 'iioo-b iiOKpuTb ro- 
„p>iMn.\n. ;io(3bi3aHieM-b iott. iipaxi^, cjiame Mcny, ra'fe 
„oin. coKpiJTi.. >I CKopo yBHA-y ouHTC/ib 6Jiaropo;inoft 
„o()iniim,i, coBciiM-b iioijaniJBriu'ii o cHOcvn. riii^aji^, 
„oTKy;i;i n[.i;iii iipornaiiij ro.iynii n r:iij noccjiujiucb 
^nopniihl" •'). 

IIpnnFJTie W Icryau m* Ii)rmioT-b, riif» cviaBiiOMy 
nu:ny r>i.i;i'b iipiiroTon;icHi. onocTMniiii iipicMT., ocxa- 
iioHK.i TV 11. n M.niaKOM.'iciiic CT. raMoniHiiMii KopH- 
vlioiMii, ii«»niJT::n iioc.i [i;uinx'b y;K'p>KaTb cro Bi. CBOCft 

■} Tjimi.-wc. rrp. .'U— J13. 
') TaMi.-;K.». np. 23-24. 
^ ) Tumi. :«e; ct\k 4r». 



51/. 



>-«4*! 



24 



nmii p}D«D 



ID 



oi^rrr cn^Sr ^J'f^^i ip^sj *t^ o^^ra ^T^ n2Trn2 21^3 ^r piu ♦*n 



Isn^HA t'AnEBIt* 



47 



all, SI* crpaHti, taK^cc cB^aaiiHod co cTOjti>KuiiB 
>cpoii[iEiauiiiiiti o DoitHHicaoBi^auj eBpeScKaro 0apO£ta« 

axtl* iwri* EinuTa R iipMOiJiie B-b iryciuuio /ipenHei 

itiieio jicc»Tit-na;iDM!iiiKa >ki!bo, bIvpho n itT» u 

•nest] Hp|]&.iL*KaT€j}i,Qo; ptm^^uic ^aTaiejiit ero ait^ 
ma npiiKOBUimcTCH bcc iSojibme e So/itme iru ^roiiy 
CtopinecKoyy uaJio«nM'iecTBy h ch JKHBtflnmin^ iiH- 
riH^coMii cnfiiiiiTii 0111. aa Ka^RAUMX tiiaroMi*, 3a Kum- 
mi* iiiii;KciiieMi. 6oroit;uvxiiojn:iMmrt> no:*Ta, Ho tvt^ 
eajmii^iinuc noyKti ^aMo/iKRKtTii, B^uiitt rojioci* n.iJiou- 
IHKa Bjipyri* KaK-t-Gu aaMupaeTi* Ha ero ycxaxi* 11 
|iie:iaDuo orjpwBaKiT€Ji laK^e hhth HaiuHxi* cn^iiifeHifl 
o iR-Mi^. IIonitiiHMOwy oui* cKOiiiaJiCH TOT^acii no 
BCTyii/R'niw iia UiuiccTiujcKyio uo^my, n necLwit hfepo- 
mTBQ, HI a ero opraiiiiaMi> bc uor^ uisn^py^wth ctij>i»* 
laro imiiopa iioctopsKeHuyxi. omytncuifl, pa^OMii Ha- 
iMBVffLPBXii Ha Bera opii oKoiaHaicJifaHOM^ aoctb- 

H:n* iipcjicTiii5i^ieMnaro i«hoio KpaiKaro o'lepira 

coauEi ti nLwie^iiiHoctH P* kiyjiui jitrKo ycMorpiiTi*, 

cia xapiiKTcpacTtrrecKisi ^icpTw Bi> ero pe;iiirioai*o- 

^cuct^cKtixij 40 Ktpi! Elavil a B^ nf>on3iieac:t)i9ixii cro 

IN, H noieiiy bum TajieBs nojii*3ycTc« taKoio anojiii^ 

iCJiyMceiiHuto c/iaiioicj « cnMiiaiieio- lictiiHaQMipocB^' 

keiiHoe fj/iaronecTk, c(T;ii*Uii-pajtBitioe eiipeflcKo-aanio- 

SJUbuae uyiiciao 11 iio;rtM'uH:Ka» reiiiaJJMfocti* xaxT* 

ininrifi»uo rmpMOUuicCKii coHera/iitCu in* ih*mx, rak-i* 

pyjKKO yKBBJiioTCH 8*b ero upoyuBcucwj^xi*, mo rpy 

m onpeAkiBTb, *iTo wit BHX^fc iiji fce»ciij uaci» Cojiuuc 

KaKouy KaHCCxsy cjilwyt^xii oxi^aBaiB npcBMymccxBo* 

51 y>KC 3aMiiXH;i*t. pMKMiie, nro coepctMeiiiiaxu tia> 

lero iiDiixii II iiuxoMcxBO oiiftiiifjiu ero aacjiyni no 






Inr 



iKnn. 



\ \, II noaTODT>, ne naBajio cMy 

MU iToBTOMy sacTaesji. ero unocJiikjicTBiii ^iCQBymHJi 

DT> KopAOBife, m» apa(>CKOfl ^acx&i llcaaulu* 



48 



lEryjIA rAJJEIlM. 



nocTOHHCTBy; no3B0vi>iio cc6% npHBecTH 3A'i^ci> h1 
Topbie H3i» Buziaiomnxcsi oT3biBOBT> o i!eMi». ?• Mo 
cefl HGu-b-Bspa, Macro cpaBiiifBaeTi. ero Ch npenn^ 

OpOpOKdMH II nCaJlMODi&BUaMB. Ajlb-Xapif3li Bl> cbou 

xMaKaMaxi> (TaxKeMOHM) roBopnx^ cjiofowb apaOcKiii 
no3TOBi>: ,,11033151 p. leryjtu ^^ianewa Ha rojios'fe (i" 
„paH;ifl) Topu h >KeMMy3KHoe o^Kepejite Ma (ero) 
^mei^, ra.qcBii ecik ctoji6i> noaiH^ecKaro saai 
^KpaeyrojiLHufl ero KaMeBb h n pencil flaiejiL bo Bcrfel 
„3ac^JtaHiHxi> noaioBt. 3to 6oraThipL, KOTopbifi, m 
„HRMa» cBoft Meqii npoTHBi^ ruraHioB-b noaaiii, oci 
^/ijieT'i* Hxi» 6c3;tuxatiBUM[i Tpyua^H (t. e, out, Birb 
„BC^xi» noGi;;Kjiaeri> h npeBocxojiHri*), xaKi* hto B<rfe 
^npeni* humt* TpycjiTi>. EMy ycxynaiOT-b Aca(&T>^ le- 
^AyxyHTj M KopaxHTLi (aBxopfai paBHfcJXi. iica,niMOBi.) b 
^*iyxb uc norepHJin ohm CBoe aua^eeie, Ou-b Bcxy- 
^nnjiT. Bi, coKpoBHUiHimy noaain, BSjin-b ea jiparo- 
,,a'feHH0cxii B-b jioCuny ii Bbimea'b oxxyAa, aanepii aa \ 
^co6oK) Bopoxa; boxt> noicMy Bci& xi&, Koxopue nomjiit 
„uo ero cxonaMit, iKeJiasi Buyrnxbca ero HCKycctjiyj^ 
„He aocxiirajLH ero n5ixi>, Bci& cxwxoxBopnhi saf 
^CTBytoxi* ero crupaiKeHifl u ui&jiyioni iipaxi* ero hoc 
„a6o B% niymjb (JiHxypriu) j^dhiKi. ero cBi^xeJii> m ocref 
,,cBOBMu MOJiBXBaMii noKopflexi* ou'^ ncl^ cepAU£i; 
„jiio6oBiibix'b q]^chsixi> p%mi ero CMi^iuaHU b31> rg 
„n ii.iaMeuH; cbohmii ajieriuMii naroHflexi. oiii* o6jii 
^cjieai?, Koxopbis! micnanaiox'L B*b mMift o6iuiKiiftro 
^jl0)Kzi»; BT> ero oocjiaBiax'b CQcpe;ioxo*ieHU bc^ Kpa- 

„COXIJ H B03BUmeHH0CXII, KaK-b GyHXO 3X0 nocjiG 

^HedeciibixTk aB']^3A'i> hjih oub ABKxoHaeu cbati 
^nyxoM-b.,. HfiicaKaii rpynb tie BwifecxHT-b bi> 
^Bcero ero BejinKOJi'feiiiH n iiHKaKofl h3ijki> iie Bt 
.^exoHHin BUMOJiBHXb BCK3 ero XBajiy" M* 

Apyrofl noaxt, P. ABpaau'b BeaeptOH (na-b ropo 
Beziers Bit iq>kud{1 <^paH^lB) HaauBaen* PajiCBBi 



'♦ in. •j^esnn MfiKoMii, 3 u 1^. 



2i D^m3 ^DHS "t3 

c^Vrrr bt^v irni3i T3a5 if^ o^ij^ ^11 nsie^M 3M ^*j pic '«n 



laryu^A Vauubu, 



4V 



iln M* TaKHiit. me o6pa30ui> h npyrie cp«aueiib- 
Il4e iioarii w acTemnccKie KpjirHKii, y^cuue 11 iicto- 
{}ihjioco4tu II MopajiiicTiJ, nnaiuTh naHb yntiB- 
lig saiviyraui* KiiciiiJibita A6y;ih-Xacatm. Ho iiojt- 
DU^HJca ero ^a^iritm ctaiia tio^ato^Kita Jitiiiil. no 
ittKHoncafii Hos^Hiucfl KpfiftiHecicoll mKonu p*u en* 
|ckOft^HTepaTypi&, uiitojtLi PanonopTA, Ur<^u^i C, A* 
^iliuiTTu ti up. npejiayuiccTBewBo JlyimanOf uuilfi- 
iit^, iro cKjiiiny ciioero vMa n tio ciKicMy nip©- 
siiiio, DiiKoropMn HCpiu cxo;icrria c% rajicm, 
ioro coA^icTBOSfliiii blihcuchiid xnpnKTcpa na;*ruHe- 
npofiSfie/ieHift 11 ityxoBno^HpatiCTaciiiiary oOjiitRa 
ifCHTjsl'nitiro oOHapoAonauicMv MnornEB cthxo- 
fi I iisii „;iifiiaua** Ch oficiaMrtMihHijMH a6i»«CHc- 

3ar1iMi* o tiatut'yi* jmrcpaTypiiOMi, jif.iiTCJi^ 
B^CTattajtu ^©/i%c ujim ncufee oCuiiipifye tpyiiu M, 
ixc%. A, Pefircpi.^ Hyim%, K^Mn^i., i^cnn*, 3yJTwn- 
%x% iTK rcpMaaiii, Jl, Kay(t3MaHi>, hwhIi bii BcHrpiii, 
tiejicnt! iti» lltaiiia. flpwReny TaK!*:e oT3udij 0^* 
pLtxi* Kojtiitfiituxi* ynenuxi. u l\ leryAl.. „Bc^ 
craxoTBopcuiH (roBopiirb JXy hui.) coejiwMiiiorb 
icoTy, ^ymeiiayto teiijioTy 11 iicKpciiiiec nyacTiio,.. 
>6pa}ica$i BCJiuKyio nyxoBHyK) >Kii3fib iia na/ioyu 
rpaHCTift cjioiri., ornLjiLHusi hecth utq crtixo- 
&iii>i kaKT^ OyitTu iimiraiOTcn, cjumuio •lichjiI opra- 
mecKaro cymcCTwa, ji ulvioe KaKi^ rjyiitci paaaij* 
5TCH Barii cauoro c<!6k, OcaTa coa1i^CTBl>i iio:»ra. H 

ropii0 ue 3aH5tT Keltic hh'iImi, nconp5iTnuMi.| koto- 
li ccjrpifci«ieTCM cnnunMrnuM-b orncwb, a-^flcxiiyio* 
lui. H Hepcai> cTOJtiiTisi, II pyKOROACTBvctcir r/if' 
liCf^aruLL'ieiitibtMis pa^vMOMi^, iiuKouiu iteC^jiyacjiaio- 
ilit> «o leiiHHMi* iiytHMi** KaKii pojlv npffcyuia 






24 



Iiiry^nA rAni:«H. 






cijpcficKoxn* uenTpiJ Gjiiisko oti» jipy;KecTBe«HUXi» 
yiemjx'i. ii iioDTouii, lie ;uii3aJio CMy ycnoKOHTtCH, h 
MU iro:)TOMy aaciacMi. cro miocjrl&jiCTuiii yKiiuymuM'b 
]n» Kop;ioB'I>, wh apaOcKoft Macxii IlcuaniH. Bi> 
■■U(tfli.Mftiiiii.MMTii^ iwiiwy^..a^ fmm vwp nrnrni.^ 



50 



iKPyjlA rAJIKBH. 



1 



■I.i 



l! 



Kpacoxa H 6jiaroyxaHie, — KaMecxoa, He iipHuiejiiuis! 
K"B Hefl H3BHi&, TO'iHo TaKi» y Iery;uJ cjiobo h 6H6jiefi- 
CKoe Bupa)icciiie, pasM-fep-B h paoMa cocraBJiHiOT-b oaho 
ci» jiyiuoK) CTHxoTBopeiiiH H, KaK-b iipii coaepiiaHiH 

HCTnHHO-Xy;iO)KeCTBeHHIJXT> TBOpCHifi M TBOpCHift iipB- 

poHhi, HaMi> miKonia ho Mliiiiaen> H"fe4T0 BufeiUHee, 
iipoHsno/ihiioe ii My»:jioe" 'j. 

Jlpyrofi anaxoKi, cpe;uieBi&KOBoii noDsin 6BpeeBi>, 
M. 3aKci, H3T> BepjiiiHa, Bijpa)Kaexc5i iipo TaJicBH 
cjiifeAvioiuuM-b o6pa30Mi.: „H1>x'b coMHifeniH, nxo ohi» 
oxjuiMii'fe^liiiiif, jiiooHMliiiiuifl ii 3ua»iiixe;ibHlifliiiift eBpeft- 
cKiii iioax-b Bi» IIoiiaHJH ii y>Ke B-b cxapany oxh Kaie- 
cxBa ero cxa;iii n3irbcxHij ii 3a hhxt* cro necxnoBajiH... 
OciiOBHOK) xapaKxepiicxiiHccKoio HepxoK) P. leryflfci, bt^ 
oxjiH'iic oxT. jipyi'iixTj, Mo^uo CMiixaxb ero MenxaxcjibHO- 
iijiaMCHHOc HaiiioHa/n.Hoe 'lyncxno, ero lOHomecKyio 
npcjiaiiiiocxb n xeiijioxy bt* oxnoiFieiiiw kt* iyneiicxBy 
II K-b cy^'ibGaM-b ero HCiiouivUiHKOB'b. Btsl nepxa co- 
cxaB.'iaex-b HooayiutnjiHiomce irLMnie ero pejiiirioaHofi 
iioaaiH II Bcero cro pr.iiiiioanaro B033pf>iiiH. yiacxie 
K-b iicxopnqecKOMy iipoiiLioMy CBoero napona Bbicxy- 
iiaexb y \\ lcry;iu lak-b p-femiixejibHO ii iioBCCMifecxHO, 
KaKit ini y KaKoro jipyraro iio.')xa ii MMCJiiixejiH; oht. 
caMuH HaiuoHa^ibiiuii, caMufi iiarpioxiiMecKin usi* hiixi>, 
Ii KTO lie B'b cocxoMHiii xcopexii'ieckH paaptiiHixb cc6i6 
Boiipocb: KaKiiMb oopajoM-b pa3v:'UMiiinjfi Hapo^-b iio- 
Mcex-b cocxaBiiTb iiauioiiajiMiocrb it KaKii CKHxa.ibiibi 
Moryn. iiMliXb otcmcctijo? xoxb iiaw/iexT. bxj npoHsae- 
AeiiiMxii iiamero irf'.nua ^aKximecKoe pt>iirenic, koto- 
poe ropa3;ii> iicKpciinf>e, iipaicunvhe, (3;iaropo;iHlje h 
aoeToinilie Ml;.\n> p-feineiiie, iipe.i.iaraeMoc irhKOxopbiMH 
iioBl>ii!iiiiMir, roioBhiMii pa;ui mhiimuxi* BurojiT* oxp'fe- 
niuTLrji oi"b ruero cuoero iicxopiiMccKaro iipomjiaro** ^). 

He iaiJ!io-:ke o.-um-b Mo;io;iofi, BecbMa xajiaHx;iHBufi 
y'lcnufl, ,1, l\'iiyil)Mairb in* !IemrTi, HiJCKa3a.Tb bti sa- 

') /un/, Synou«»u'J«l»' l'«M'sic», p. 231. 

') yi. SuiliN. Uf'liifi'jjc P'H'jjii' d«'r Jinlcii in Spauieii, p. 287— 88. 



9 



D'^rni ^DKa 



13 



n^^rrt CT^ ^Ti2^ ?i»3r3 ^b o!»tj?e !*t^ i-^^tr/^s ^13 irt jtic *ii*T 



li^ryiA rAJiBBii« 



51 



«rto ^tta ynuBHTCjJLHan €iitcf> pc/iiiriii 11 im- 
lOQajibnocTii, KOTOpaH iipiijiaeti* iyAiiH^uy eio cfioe- 
^piUHOcrit, cociaitjiKCT-b xaK^Ke 11 Tiifliiy xapaKTC^ 
ryjiw ra.iejjit. ilioOoHh k* riajiccTiiii^, ki» no- 
luojity 11 jjcc-taKtj eiiKoraa bc tcpaciioiiy ore- 
^ecTBy^ iipMi^ftCT^ ero pcJiiirioaHocm peajiBCTnnecityio 
Hcpxy, OTiinMAen* y ncfl BCBKyio trycTyio iieiTatcjiU' 
QocTb, BcuKifi daat'HLKi(t opeji^, tf imoGopoTit^ Tliep- 

V ♦vaei"i» M oaaprtCT-K ^ro tms- 
.ro ir CKpoMtiuhJi* iiiica<)iii3aiOMi»^ 
apciioxpiinBKJoiHifu riaatQMaJiixByro ropii<iHocTii ori* 
ipMBOfrL HeoGyBiiaTiHoA ;Ka:^iiy iJiueBisr. Bit ero 
'^roufiorinTatiuMxi* iitCTioitYtubtxii oiti* itOKii3ajii» to 
fHQ^ *in* CiiMoc ijl;;k'iior, ToiTKut% :M.*upnur, cyueplfu 
fUnyiiCTurs?, ncricyio naxy^iccib omymciiiji^ ito^KUOt 
9^0(^00 5naropoaHGMy B«ay, B,TiHBaTb B*b cacynu; 
^i» aoJcaa/Lri'ii ieaEi» aacipoeniji it ni^Aiiisi iioryn> 
iTb 3caBoiiiicyeMu, k^k% ^uyica&iH uorytt* Gutu nc- 
iu mni>kxHrA cepjuia, *AjuKh Cioiia oiKpu- 

tuy Cll€ll Ta^HUH Cli/tblf CBOn COKpOlieilllNH UpC- 

fecrn** *). 5f §bi Morii upiiBccTn enic ^uoric 110J106* 
ic oT^yay^ cim^l^Tcjii^cTByiomie ofit eAiiUQrjiaciioMT* 
iBBHuin ecjiEncux-b aac/fyrn AOyjii.-XacaHa co cto- 
>KiJ cucuiujiiiCTOiih. IJp*f HI2M1* saMliHaTejiKiio emc 
MTO !iiicaTt?JiJi XII cTo/iiiTisi ue To;u.Ko ^UDUHHero 
iioK^piUn. n^T* caoero afia^ciitH nupDiio/iVKt^iite no- 
80t>-.^itTBHro iiepio^ia, ho, aaupQiUBTi, auaneiiie 
|o Bi. riiaaax^ ^flaTOKoin* cmc uhopd auHrpajio, M 
f^Th iiiiKaKoro coMiibJiiw in* iom-l, hto no M^p^ yec- 
^li*ietii>i caMDJio3iiaHi?i Ml* Jiatuew-b iiupoji'fe, no whp^ 
^iniaro oaiiaKOMjiciim ct> upoiiiJiiJMu ero cyA^6aiia 
6o-tBc mapoKaro n niyOoKaxo aayHcnisi ero jmre- 
parypnuxi. najitarniiKOiri«^ awaiealc aamcro dcacnepr* 



*) D. h'fiuffmiLin} JtlHtfli Unlewi, VemicU eiiier Cliftrtkttu'btlk 



iF.ryjiA Tajjebh. 



f 



CBpefiCKOM-b IieHTpiJ 6jIH3KO 0T1» Jipy^CCTBCIIHUSl* 

vHcnux-b II nooTout, ne aauajio cMy 3'CiioKonTi>c«, h 
Mia iio3TOMy SciCTiicMi* cro niiocjiifeacTiiin >:iiBymiiM'b 
Bi, KopjioBL, m, apaOcKofl Maciii Ilcrjaniii. Bi. 



52 



iKrVilA TaJIIvBH. 



^i 



Haro KacTiMi.ua Bce Oojilie ii Cojii&c 6yjieTi> yeejiH- 

HHBaTbCH II pOCTH. 

B'b aakJiiOMCiiie aaMtqy eiuc, mto oziHu-b reHiajib- 
Huruioari* HOirhnmaro BpeMCiiH, Koiopuft, iiobhuhmomy, 
;ioji:Kein* Oujit* cjiyHCinb OTpaxcenic.Mi* P. leryjia Fa- 
jieBH no MacTii nauioriajiLHofi iio33iu, iio KOToparo 
cutiiJicHie paaiiijxi* oocTOHTCJihCTBi* BupBajio na BpeMM 
1131* jiona eBpefiCTBa, Mf>TKO oxapaKxepiisoBajn. 3iiaHe- 
Hic II jilsMTCJibnocTh iio:)ra, HasHauenHaro cjiyacHXb euy 
nepBooGpasoM-b. >L ronopio o reiiiipnxTi Teftne, ko- 

TOpuft, KaK'b HlJHl; II3B'LCTHO, IIOJH* (])piIBO.II>HOft MaC- 

KOil coxpaniijib bt* rjiyOwnii jiyiiiw CBoefl BUCOKoe 
yBa>Keuic ki» iipocnf»iueiiHOMy iy;iaii3My, ii ;ioJiroe 
BpcMH nocHjiCH c'b iio'jMofl uojx'h luirjiaBioMt: „I>axa- 
paxcKiii paHBim-b*' iia mothbij iiauioHajibHO-eBpeflCKoii 
iioi)3iii, II iiocji1>;iniM iipejicMepTHUH cjior.a KOToparo 
CbiJiii: „je suis rcvcMUi a jchova^'. B'b iipCKpaciiOM'B 
CTHXOTBopcniii, KOTopoe oin. hocbhthjitj iiesaGBeiiiioft 
iiaMflTii iiaiHcro rajieiJii, Me>K;iy iipo'iiiMb, CKasano: 

„Ja, or war cm grosser Dichtcr, 
Storn iind IsuMctd >ciner Zeit, 
SciiU!s VdIUcs [-.iclU und T.ciichte, 
Miiu' wundcrbarc, "^rDSsc 






l'\'ucrsiir<le dcs Ciosanj^cs, 
Die dcr Schmcrzcnskaravane 
Israels voran^i'zogcn 
In dcr Wlistc des Mxils. 



l\L'in und warhaft, sender Makel 
War sein Lied wie seine Seele — 
A Is der Sch-ipfer sie ersehaffen, 
Diese Seel«-, sclbslziifricden 



24 u^ni^ «^Di«a "13 

W31 1331 .o*«ipn DP wna f3 »b ^"r wmo ^^n^i ? .ids ^r n«i na 
Di^rn CT^r irnw waa k^ d^is?o ^"n nsir/o 3n3 S't pw ^kh 



h:ry;i..\ rA.nivBH. 53 

Kus>tc er di(* >ohiino Sccle, 
I'lul Jcs Ku>se.s h«ildcr Niu:hklan^ 
Lebt in ji?dcm IJrd Jcs hiviitiM's, 
Uas ^cvveiht diirch dicsc (in.ide" •'). 

Mto bi> pyccKOMb- iiepeno;i1i cro couiiiieiiift (II. H. 
BefliiCepra) iiepejiauo c.rhnyiomHMi* oOpariuMi*: 

„JI.{i, uHT. G\d:n> iioarb uciHKifl 
11 3B']&3;ia cBoeft :nioxii; 
Bw;n> OHi> mpkoc cbIsthjio 
/UiH Hapo;ia cnoero. 

H K'dK-h onieiinbiu, rpcx^iajiiiuii, 
Uyjuiun CTo/io-b— irpoji'i* KupaBanoM-b 
TpycTHhix-b opaiift, ci* iiliciibio iiicix 
Ifo iiycTwni& MpaMiioft ccu;ikii. 

Ilficiii* iTO OhiJia npanjuiBa, 
II Miicia, » r);iaropo;uia, 
l\aKi> ;iynja cro... Kor;ia 
iiuri* co3;ia/n. Iciy;ua ;iyiiiy, 

To, ;iOBOJii>iiuH caMi. coGuio, 
Oht* ee noirl&-'ioBa;ib, - 
II upc-'iecTHun oxrojiocoK-b 
Cbuiiic ;iaHiiar(i :iouMini*'A 

'AcHo ciuiiicnh li-b Ka>K;iou iitcuT, 
y BCJiHKaro iioaia, 
HocBHiuciniaro iia uapciBO 
v)rofl Go>Kbeft o.iaro;uiTbiu" "). 

*) Heinrlch Ileiiii'. Ikinanzrro, «.I»'liii(l;i Ikmi II;d(!Ni>. 
**) CTBXOTBOpenia reihipiiMi relliie, t. XI, ^"T\^. 213- 9. 



24 



]i rvrjA rAnHoii. 



CBpefiCKOM-b UCiiTpi^ GJU13KO OTT> III 

wbi noaioMy aacTueM-b ero nnocjiifeBCTBiii ^k'anymuMit 
BT> apaOcKofl nacTti llcuauln. Bit 



54 



InryjiA Tajikrw. 



TaKiiMi* oCpaaoMT. reBift CeacMcpTHaro k h 

cjiy^'HTT> oTJiinuuMi* DpeACTaBiiTejieMi* ci \i 

eapojiHaro rcHin. IIohoGho ce.\iy uocji-fejiHewy, muc 
B no33i>i A6yjib-XacaHa ociaiOTcsi Bi&HHo KtBi 
B'i&HHo 6[>K)uiBMB ^iCBBUMi* KJiio4eM:b^ H noHepaEyT| 
Bi. caMHXT» rjiy6oKMXT» TailHHKaxii eBpeficKaro cepjB 
H cBpeHcicaro HapoA»aro jiyxa, oh^ bt> cboio OHcpe 
nojiro c/iy>KM,iu n BCerna 6yixyTh cnyjKvirh ki> oiiji^ 
AOTBopeHiK), oiKHSJienho li o6HOBJiefliiu eBpeflcma^, 
rflifc TOJibKo dyHCTi. tcb/imtlch BciHUHO-eBpeflc^ 
qyscTBo H 6aTi»CH ropHiee eepeflcKoe cepanc, rl 
cepbesHHe yMu 6yjiYTi> ^Bcn^ROBHTh B-fenuwa hctii| 
iyziaiisMa h HacToamee hxi* SHa^eHie bt* ucTopiii pa^-=^ 
BHxisi HeJiOBt^ecTBa, xaMi. nocTOHUUO Cyaetx paa^ 
BaTbCH Boarjiaci*: „HecTb ii cjiasa Te6^, P. leryj^al 
jieBH) BUOJiH'fe jiocTofiHOMy cLrny cBpeflcTBa**! 



' '**'^-^C^"'- 



24 D*^m3 «^Di«3 ID 

wai 1331 .o»«ipn DP W3 }3 »b b"^ u^iisd •^n:! ? .133 hv n«i ns 
Dii»rn CiT^r w*iT3i ws: «^ d^is?s S'n n3irn3 3n3 ^-? p«o ^kh 



c;c);ij:p,Ix'.\iiii:. 



lIociiHiueHici in 

9iiHTai|}i'/i \" 

IIpe,uic:iom\* \*II 

IViana 1. Hur.U'nic 1 - 10 

„ II. Ilo:»3i>r y iK-iiancKii\'i> L'npfci.'i> . . 10 -21 

„ III. >I\*h,;hi, 11 Mip«.»Hu.M;>r.niL- Ilm\v;u.i 

TiUK im'i 2*J 31 

- iV. Ilo:»3i>i loryai.! l\i;:cini :*.r)--r)4 



D'^mj ^m^ 



ns 



?n crSs? i:'r!i3i lyjca »^ o^iya ^'ti r»2irrD 3/13 Vr pKj 'hh 

l^n^ 3BTS^ nm*r? irc« ^3 r3r3 D*«ip ??r d.t:3 tk ^is^d 

i:^r jn523 p^^cnsi D*o3n n*o^n o-t-m^ jT^rnsi ' 3i OrT^j? 

u^-yy^ W2tt* ir3*rro fr'r D'3onn ij^n^i .^"3j? D)*>3 n^?a p3T?;-i 

r»*QtD pK3) pQ« k:3 nc D-i3irn o^inpn rr^K *d ^^n 3n3 pK:n ^tt> 

7iii ^rr ^j?03 c^acR 3ipr!n^ lusn 'p^re op^ni* on D*^i*n 'I3i 

w:r' on c:r far ^3 DiVrm nt^ai 11131 TOpn ni!53 onej? 

psn "33n H* nmn i3it»s cncr rti?bi ns mrpr cna n^on mD'3n3 

WiM *'c»« D£i??r3 bmvh n3^Vi oi33i» i:^ p3* n«r3i '131 tio^aii 

}r3^ei DT^2K Dn:h chtid ii3p^ nsrs '*CKt onus r« ^id^ 

3^ yK nRi'» n/ipi aD*2!3in jin:H3 nr ^3 p'lD ^"3i? Hip^ 

n^nnr ^mni }^m2 n^nyo urn on •]« »p:j? ^33 onoj; o^r 

in *s3n bv nyi/\ 131^0 iiorn mo^ow uoy unr on oir irm .^n 

^n3^ 3'3 7)bc^n jiK 12? y» ns'i^Hpro nonn -is^n nr Trsi .*i3i 

t/t-\3K3 *^K 3n3 n:m ?3pyn pn:r* oni3k« pi?a rnK ^y mo •Dii'i 

^itjftr^ ^/i3nK rtfin 'i3i }orn nxn re [*3 'ni»i3 03 '/i*m iri- 

I ^^iMis n33«r 1031 i3pn {DT3 'ni3na n» x^nro K^f'-r no »ar pV 

» i\nim nnon /inon np3 "3E3" 3iBn 'm n3'iei noo *& *]1d3 »/nf?it}nn 

*n*Ki fctf? -JKi ,3*y "cmr 3nrt nn^oi m ^n33 nny ^n3 tab ^3 'n* 

?it i/i3tp S3poi 1^ KtPi; ^/i^M nT ^33 .ni3noi moos o^iisnn nb» 

\ *Mi yip *3 nnH 11^31 ,'onn' 3nyi nnoi- ioa<j?3 snsr no *c3 

Q^oyn *^xnb &p yini Ktt*i k^i pj?i£ k^i pir^ ^np *jc^ pi 

: r^no ninon ;\« n^ttn 0^0*3 n-sn '3 ii:» nM no •]« — ,t:'m3*3D 

^atj-^isr *:m^ roe'n nc»K inj3 p^rs n3i3 3nn r\» ^n^ni lORn 

v^H j-nn^ *:)r<^ k^i cj?cn ijoo *}p^m* i^r n? •[« — ? nn**ijS 

31 no^i no bv n^t3; n3itrxi nr ^: b^ i:od potrK nn« pii ,*33S3 

n*m .non^ oii»r ^313 vbt^ n^:tb ^3i« /iKin dpb3 ^r33 jdik 

rnm^ p3J uk ipn^ns pcnn ^n rpcoo nsirn {n*i my oi^r 

nrH3 irorn n3i h^ *3 i« nt^y p imo*r«n irns k^ ^3 31 

"^'' :*H m 3ii:o3 *iinpm 'i3n S3 Sy pj? o^mb 3': n«ri ^vi?y 

•v*?r 3*rnSo rn*3 jep i3n oj wy 
<»ito p"p3 n:in biibkbi jns 3*S nnin- noSr 

lit^n nH*^ cniDc* qsionS a'asian cnann in*J 

«]DKOn H*3 

*Min i.T^K nniiK 

ir^btirgf Uioailow»ky, Holie .H^ ilaut* 11. 



28 a^'m^ ^am 

DW }*ni im^ap «^ ^33s '3 E51C31 ?m ^» no^ njtti y«) vor loq 
i^Sir HVT 311 *DK 311 *eK 311 K^n 31 pi f 3 ott? Hjjm irK «iit; 
i«b *^iCK snp HM jsSi /3i ii33n cr onS fn^ji cr i3dd3i *'kS ^33^ 
jDpn ^pn St):r;> n:op n»orn '"r pi ir3;ityj no o^Dcnn n hzv 
oyc *^i«T .nsiri pnean ;»ti pK ''y pi nn /i i«r:i m jiikq ^^Hor.i ^ 
«Dn3-K3 ^Kir^ niSip ^r m3a£!23 311^ nT3 nipi *r)ii): t ^"p 
•pist 3^'«i ,nD Dciin ip-b ni3na^ *rioipn3 ni«cjn ^i^^Ki.i irK 
^tt? m n:3 Dn!?'inp^ ir« D^«ip c^3 n^Ki /^D^ k'.i d^3 ^i£» nnp 
«ipD3 iK!ioi K^ icnji nyitt^^ r\mt^n ni ,nh^V2 rrKiAi^ oSw nyo 
f)'tri i'3K Dsn.i DJo« M^ o'«ipri ^it« imKa jars pi ^'io'ov) TaVr 
«n) 3*or K"! ;ii:r3 ns^ict di:i:d pMp ni3p3 c^v^ V'n dj? ^*oij 
wrni* ""3? n»ri3^ c^s^kai ikscd: 133 &'3£c^ K^n n'i:r it'"n u*] 
"nrniit ^"y i:?'a3 1x1:113 'npr n^i ,3'p "dim D*;m: un:Kr ns ^« 
,nRD^3rn3 *p dp .m3"n3 k^i nvniK3 pi n^wn ^eic ii^wi ^^ 

IDirS n%l Kill {3 OKI 'DIM «Dn3^H3 U^atK 1C3 .121131 CJlDt^S 

imii3 OH |3« »«Mi «*i p3 Fjii»n*n ri3trn ^C3 1^« rusi'iss D;r 
riiKi:: r^ri d'^c^k W3ik oru 3"Dr k'i iconn n'^v '3 i3*m ni3rj 
Ki* OK *iKO i3in ^Ssifct pciflo ny ^3 e«i3K R^i nn« .D^:tt'i OTSiii 

*ibn:n33 D'crr i^cii cn^ .10 1^1 
oiHiifi */\j?iD: i» .iin*3 r^« 3iri3^ ^/nti hto ii\n nr ^3 /i« 
-'»oyOii ^r iKDppm ^pp^HiD 3in bv n*ny nisno *:t 1:3^ h3 'ir 
: ij*n 3713 <.iirn3 10 1^) on n .ur fpc uy* rins k*i^dj?i33 
112 r*ei«c lyi d*d jt iyKi«p nn d«i dp ist*« miD mjj 
*ip& «t*oipKi'D fK§ lyi pii •ipju"»ipe [pir ipi 3:ip*Tnpo3tj 

jr DPiroy3 Wjcleczky po Liirwio 0' CDntT JpmK'lpO fpOr^DSpefil 

(pir }pr'*ts^)K33Ki nn in ,:romKpi*a oipKiKp Dpi pcKTcni* p*i 
•DKnp3 DPI I'K rr li1« ,ttB*Mip3'K jp33inKrr jpcsdji^ jpi di 
{PiDDTr:» r]MK o«i ,eT'« e:3«pp3 •d3it fp^i»pt:ri:£i»i ptD^b {PBcro" 

lU"KS.XpU 131K ^HEXCOH^lpD 0*18 Jpll'' IPtrtD*JK33Kl KH iPKlKp lU 

iiDKj nmn npin nntr»33 '3 nn' p3.i^ ^3:ni ;'jpinKii jptpmpjo'i 
i«o ':k non roK3i ,^Hiir* nnip ^p ni^pm n^hv? /itok lop pnna 



*n^noia ni***i3T niiia n)iya ]na i^fcs wi* *^)'f^ 



22 n>ni:i «^dj<o no 

{D man D'ljn cr ncr c"3p n^nne iriyna oniSD^i ? caci^a omra 
min^ ^yTv m^:S rus^ )h'nn o^xnc rncai ,^7 ij^n'.ai •i'icdi c-sbidh 
wr HKO iw cSi's HMir Krpr "i K:rn nam ? cn'23:2 ^r p:!:n n« 

a"K^e^ nvjTK3 *EC!:,T rii*:^b niy ^n* 7«i .<t-Mc Tsr lYn nan did 'j?> 
cw wxai kSt V iT«!: r^tr it^a 'r r.\s^ n''»2 r-'!^ isr 'n ni« 2"!tt»n^i 
no^ c:po -^52 c: cnn c'T2 r.r<n\sn pirn ^r nr i^io lyrt? ran 
CK T«a psncn^ r* nvr'^n r.iv^ sj; c:i .hi^ds-^t nai/irn nnnn 
? nsr ^^^1 {nr^ rs c;* .cvn *:^tr rm ii^p^m r.^iri^a ^M m iranrn 

i>l? mr CiT*nr .-•n.i" 1:2^2 cp^rrnn n^nna d*:.id cn^ vn «^ 1331 
Bsra 'M «S itrx crn /i^ispr D-:nD ^b r^rvh cnr -j-^xm cnaT^ 
^D Brt2 ^^pin nH'!2^ "r.r::^ i:tr:-:'s *c: {r« ?(«'^ 3'* 'K c"3^2) 'i^ 
n^« r^3'j:2 w irri:^ ^33 r.^^: H' "un^^:^- linger ,nbt<n moarsDn 
rn cn^r c^-sp ^^53^ •nt:3 i3r*<n:i 'i«3 ^332 ntr« cn*n« Sr ^33 *:33 
r.i^j^ 3'trn nc n^r nh'::^ p3trrn •cii tC'-.^i c^:n3 a «i3^ c^i'iD* 
133 irT «-,■:,■: {!:r3i .':r r.'3 J3in -n^ r:"^! 133 kmi vd «"t S33 
r* p-nn ♦iec23 C3^3rn -jii cj u^r nrni« nn*x D**^33n omiTn 
CM ^r^^^ .n3-:n inr jsn -:rs«^ n^-y r* {:« .nr Sj; w n«o pcnon^ 
o-JfiriJ *3 D':trn •t2-.c3 crn c':im: i:Ktr 123 p^k ncca le^ots'n ^3 iomj 
nnrai .c^-siy ^:5t ?]^« nr-s3 si:pn yr *3 d*3didi niKsn pi 3n^ 
c:nn n^rsr" n^brh zh'» ^nr^b vc km is3 ^33 m^j^ 3Tn p]^k nM' 
iiss cvanp cn^ n«*i3^ Drj2i r.^s^n cj? im:«3 m33«3 my p,ri f3« 
M"np^ic,K^D«'n n^iry ,mK*i3^ 'j m-i ;i3r3 *i^ pn*ij3 nyir' n i3**m 
'n r«"i'p «'n n''^^ n ,s:'p k'T b»':i "1 {3 ^3Tia i^'p »'! sjor ,k'is 
TKO D*p-nn c^cTa en c:^ ,3"s? fn K^n isn: '13 pjor j"i »'! cnis 
nKn3S pi 3rn:n y:^r{ 13^2 '3 ,ir:c!? en ir« nr3 ik/i3 o^3pSa 

^K1»» '23n2 npmin Cnp *«3 nT3 DMp J2r3 121D1C 1«2 «^C* ItTK 

n3^r* ^r«i^ cnvn •:2t ir>i xnnnK r«3n D*«n2«m ^«i2tn 31 *o*3 
rv'-i rii:K2 'nii3 ir«3 ,/i^ictrn icd2^ pi ^3:3 tk isrii oniTosi 
•ny ^mn k^ iitm n«n3^ pism .(T* "d cirjiej« p^2 py pir) 
*^3 *i3 c*tr:« p3 cnp *K3 133 :in3 nM^ <m3'rM mpo ^333 oDiann^ 
^p pcD ''^3 ni^.2 Kin D^cys ran no K3n '1 "1331 nn nr 13^2 ?niin 
pi aina nM nr ^1:3 yiMi ^23 *3 ,^yi£ib oriin pra M3in im«a jar 
nh ^3331 .K^rja ^aoan ^3 ctr p Kipa nM im^a jar3 pii 13^ ^"«3 
,^333 31 ^31 ^"83 ^31 ^3 IBKan 3'J piwi .^^3 nT ^1i3 3in3 nM »b 

♦0 TK^nn Dipien (ar3 '3i bt^ nr ^m^ onp i« in3 ny3 W3 7^1 



21 D'^mi rjDHO Kn^ 

.fjyoa tt^'P> Vn r*i *";i o^aripr ir ps*Ki n*3 i^o pra trM nD.l" 
Hinn pn irK pDHn^ "ii^v^ nrp i^v '3 *5?iki *»n 'i»i3 — .c^Jt? v 

1» in3 |*tH3 DmTJHD.l ^Kltt'* *J3t3 in« 135 ^13* HM fDCTl K'l ^8 

ini3 ns»im nn3r jir^3 3i/i3^ ^"ks d:i ^33 nia^r^D TRta priM D^ijS 
^rprirni" ""^p pn ir\i3T« iqd ''«3 0:1 ^33 ^D3n 113? 1^3^ «S ir« mi 
inmo jmo mn ^cd ^« ^itco n3*r3n ^3? ripr^vn or rnim ♦'0*12] 
•imiD'' h» p3* DK ? 'S3 ni» »ip3 7»i ? nnar •» nr ns dji .rai 
Vi:!* pcDHi ♦D^nrtTRi D'/ici^n ^i:« ista nm»t3 pra pi Kin ^3 h^d4 
r|ri j3K D3nm .^J0^3si ^»3 n3i «im .ppin n^o "i nnm c^'dd ni 
onp 13^0 ^rt^Mv i Vn ini:«3 oupts oe^ 3ni3i n3.it;3 nr -nc^o ^3pfl 
'nj\i r'Ci en "3T0 D'oyiDm nmp:nr o^Knpn ^esn i?i£K «m /id»,ii8 
^^n 'nitc ppin nrn tr iicd rye Dni3K n *i3it3 n^nstt* 133 •jaii 
j3f«n3B*D3n i«n uoa *^ n»i: rin«i nnipin r.K i3^d pr«in nua.] 
f?'KM *np5n ^:pr!3 Dr3 iH'^p: {3^i i«ir no "c^ i:pn cnir h^k 
nbT\r\2 f]tn f3K D3nn n:rr id3 iiaR3^ .rp "njirm cman on v.i K^r 
'1 nr hv ^yuih r\2v? p *")3i D*«ipn *23n ^itK nenntt' i3id nMr ripa 
^r nnotsn ^C3 o^npjn d^ioidd ins {or3 u^ijk ihikd »im ppii n«fH 
p pnr '11 KiTi? jpntzT n:pn ie3 *nD*D ^*i '*:pntDv *k*i31S 'Mq 
Hip3n Dipt:3 Kp^p pMp3 msMDH ^p ntD't'i *npv 2ri3 vnm M'*$ 
jn3e» manp inrm ,*i::o pnr i3p nip^ ds^tz^ 0' eotrin^ pop oie»i 
nra n33£Di i}ni^:i^ D*:r 3'rri n3 D^n •]*i«rn ;n3 pnx^ ;i33ra H'^i 
b'ri mcDH dhiski n^jan miT '13Tdt .Tijn^j^ rarn yiKnnt 'i^ 
CK it33£P3 n«i* nnpi ,T^ "pnair nib^ km lini^jS yi^nr i:t3§ 
^1313 n^pD^ *;i«np ^c3 .n rra^tri^ n^sn r* nc o^i n^pe^ iriro *d 
KM .1D1 nrs:'^ rcr/i kh km pair ji^^:i^ n:r s^c^ni :)^k anSK '1 
icnj nrK n:f E*pnn m'rrt nurn 3": iicrui ♦picir /iib?' 3 tt^/i 
3'o 'ir n^3 ^D-3 Kim .ni*r^ Torn k": pi iKr^i ram km p«ii^ 
Q*a3rn jiirpa ^Kir^ *:3 ipr m 133 *3 laKin 0J3in ^jo^ o'lu 
ni3a^ ipT K^ cm n^itrKin Dm^: prh D*ir 'tsic m3xs ^p oinfj 



nK |nnSi pnvnS nsa nm n^r;e*n i**«3n^ t »rnnS n5»«p rsy»j*ni nyn H* "^^n 1 a 

.p. 57—70 c» n*?3irwn *nT5 
mSi .i^-cni ^MiKp^»B niKr^no on d i n » n i^ V jsi o e et n • j3 jr ocn \h 
n? 'ni'ta irxj .cnp »Kn »3fne c«D»n n^iS onoica nn\p»3 *i5f ^a onS 



20 n-ni^ ^DJ«?3 D 

nm .1131*13 yn rs n^nj m^no nc r* n3.T .r'r "p^ oi^rai D'*na 
nam fsn im«3 nr^^a pi^ts^ nrn "ssan ^d aitrn^ naxra npcoa nriM 
nam cri« onprn c'^rr.i ^rrtrn 2-C2 na^ss vt t6 ■'.r« nc ct^i^no 
pf?H D5c« •: nn ..i:ap nnjir] ^"v era c:pn^ f^e* t^h^b ,u^\^^ ^2^3 D:n 
K'J /i3ra .i3r.nKn n^^: «m n n^s ono myatra '53 .i:ni^:i^ rc-^.n 
/inn.1 '310 ^3 ^tr parn.i 'b3 3"ciii sj^^ P|11*^3 3 '» n!?i?ni n''3nn 
.liar I'Drn nSir nT3 ^i3.-:.ii .vsrn ^-i »b ..its^S "pn «"n nsr^ 
,pioir ni^3 ^y i:ri^:^ ^^23 pv3 '3 /iia^rca 1^ '*c rjtri f3« D3nni 
piair ni^: nnM niin "3^2 311 ^sS ^11:1 ^13.1.11 ^3^3.1 pny ■]« 
pi3y n*55 .T'-p/in «'i nH*" 3'Ein r|^« t]ii*3:3i n"^i ^5'': n:r3 
K'3 n^M c'2'ipo iniM '231 '..T^si f3 npc ^r n3ir«in r^^b:h 
^13.1.1 TT p'ljn .CTiin K'l r^r n-cir ;]^« piit2:3i T"sp 
D**ir3.i {-iM 0.1.1 D*r3«n *3 .it S3 Sj? i!2«: c«i .n:r 3''3p ni'r.i p:!33 
n3rr D^3t».i p:23 jn ijSi:^ «m itrxs in« p3rn d.iS .im cip *«3 ik 
*ri2«.i jsrnc nsisa iir ri3 kS .13.1 .m^rn p333 pi piaitr niS: ip 
Hin V'or/i K"i nils «inr na *Si«i .1111 r\» nr c.ii3« 'i en 13 irK 
irn« D*3iar p^a.i *cS- r aa cSi« •.131.1 cipia i« .131.1 i/ir uS2:« 
nao pin liS^cK S^^in ni*r.i p^aS pr3r .i»i3 "«3ii3a i*r3 cninM 
? .IT cniK laS 'a '3 ,nr::'b in« ;i3r.i onS .iMr ^^3 laiS R'^r 
p^ai ..131.1 ini«a jaT iy iij? :ina .im «S C'a3i.i ^}b^» c:tr nn« 
vn c*3r .133 .c*3ir3.i *ai3tt»n *"cr pi i3n3« d3 i^npS .ii'3C*S laSe^ 
*»3.i .r*3.i ^a* ^31 ptTKi r*3 p33 1^1 Q*i3ca iix^'j* iri Sna.i ir di«o 
.vH* pii:S p»i rfDi.iS p^ 31 ID ^"zv ir« .D^y iid3 p3rn.i ^C3 
p:a3 »h^ nr^i^n p:a3 c*t.im vn« or Dni3« I'.i D*3Da 3*« 7«i 
?.iT3:'S p^e.i npiS {.ia pi ir« i^ki otrai pia-.tr ni^j iy ri3i3rn.i 
.i3'n3 Ai» m« pi e]Ti.iSi .1^3.1^ •nni3i.i p Sy ir« ! «ip« .lan .lan 
ni«a rSn ;]S« S'^c '131 ni«a rn t]S« oipa3r irMi ,.it iaNB3 nnK 
/iSa3 "3 iaK3 .irrai .rStri S"^r tr n n3*n3 'S ni« pi i^ccm .13.11 
3'3 i:a iS ir« ptrxi r*3 pinS p:an «i.ii .^33 niS: S« pr3 i3mS:S 
'^13 i?iTB pi c*03t!M r.irra .im kS 3ni3.i .in x^aiaip.i i3*ri3ia nxp 
,^33 rii?:S pi Tan .im D3i3irni pc^cSi naS S33a i«3 i3*ni3«i .S33 
.Dni3K '1 .IT Diiai rn« .iii3»!? c.ia .it*« im CKip naer i«3 '3 ihki 
i?lS« p,ii*3C3i nrTh rcbt^ «"3 Ji3r it r\)by .ijim uSs^k 3rn3.i *d3 .im 
ram «''i i3i3rn p3i ht p3 S13.1.1 iip pjm^i o-m «"i .iSr a'-cr 
o'iain p3 C3 iiy t^^ onxa jiiSj |bt3 ^3 naa ^b r\r\b bp:^ ,nw rs pi 



nri?: hd ir*m .r^y pji u^m irK i,rpn ii^ T3n^ nsr '"*-i35d pna^l 
ni'Kn rfrmKn n«i lab Kin »^i ? ni;o nbri nn« nnir>2n re nvn^na 
v?"! 'n p^n) Tsn diss urrb "npnvn w»3 nij? in» Dsn o: d« ^2 
pnii^" 1C003 r'3pn (K^) D*:rn icca dt^v D^sm on ^r* :3n3si 
fin pK D3nn m nmo run nr3?i .re n^» cr6 itn*D p w« •na^oj 
nrr no A*zpn W'l r\wh Dipio «in or 113 pn n;io pnr 'i m ♦si 

Kin 'i^mi ,nKo palp nn *iijo pnr '-1 nr •'D *]ri f3K nw ^t p«o 

fl^O 0^Dtt»5 DK IKO H^D' 031 ^ W3 ■]^o!? lot^On Ht hVi IHIKO pTD I 

niH3iDn m3^»n iKr ^3 133 for na^rn ^^3 n nss^D pi Tnn :'d 
pnii' '1 /lor naircD 3"q ns'nn nriM 'b^H ik .^in j3K D3nn ;^i:«3 
Tjn t*^ r«r 03i ~ /rrn ^^k^ km *3 nrn^ hs^ ^p3i j'c nsrs nrj 
-jy pii D^DDnn *3r rpn'n^ it rti« d5\ ,n33o ^tr tki dik nntii uV ] 
n330 na'rc3 cm nnpi r':)pn nirn bic Dn'3r ^^k K3 vki /i^h 
f|ic *or iDH D133 *3r3n cVD "^inK Tims nt i3n ^j? ^jn^ns *3K? n"rs 
•(*^ n n3itD ;io*rT ^j? n«o nij? un^K d*3133 ist 
i*yo nnott' |3 omsK *d snst? na^nn jo p'njyo mn 3*nK 
I'yn nn!3t» '0 J3 oniaK ^Kir^^iicK "C^hv '33K*' ^^n(?)pi3 K*n ffmco j 
n^n^-i n)HQ trri p]^h n:r3 cnrs pTin ^i3 i3*nK ^3^03 (T> niDO 
'dS ni'r^ D^ysiKi nm n'^m ysn K"n r:r km 13/11^3^ d*3iow| 
rnn rr3 Mi^r K33 (**<?) KSitto rrs omnM i3mk 0*3102^ pan I 
'rtn^r ni^pn** mn 1313 ntsn K'C3n nn i3*3nKb svy i';?o ^r© 
jtti'ir^) Dtr *Ki33i '131 nnin mdo m3p^ noi cis pK^ 1330 nin*7MJ 
neo air3 101031 ^nj bnp3 cponp n'Oi ^"shk '^ iKin cpoKn «*iil 

DB»a pSnaa -tlS'K ♦'oa i<^B3i -<>\ 35nft o"n nnttiK ^liai) ^nia ji^op H, 14i 
wn ^anon ♦a ncK* (lir, 228 ♦o»-tef .omyy) piiri (4, 79 Taion) nn 'O inoi ] 
m :ctr lOToaO i«^*^to ^k *a na^tK nh p cki iK^So^Ka cifiCDS tm nueoi 
.^Kir* pK^ lanan yea c»ni »«^^a^Ka Jmola le^TO^it p ra/^EPJ (K^ManSj 
run "iiPK 7\^\n7\ h^ nn^en %x?a •♦« ana ^»l* epi^ p pn»» n p'nyon Kvn k^i •^w 
yiap^ ^ain K^ viiai "irit Dtinan ml •♦6 nea k:^^^ iA o ^yi .3*nB'a naraa K-'t^mn j 

.laia nnoool 
p. 1 72— 1JB2 ma?3n nnaatrMn 'nianoa onann ^mia nnjsoi niiD ma^a nmic (b 

»n^K nnxQO n'Ci^^e^V npnjjn C4 K^ipn k^o» 
mnpa "^PKa cmooia wn -nco apon oia»aiTn njn^ '? x?db^ spn fan (c 
tp o n 3? p i»yn *a K^ion nr:! nintrn o\ti »aimn c*n ntp Sy n:i3pn naiScn oip »d»3 1 
era dim rmpan k'h »<aiooi ;mo»WT noa ^hi m »fi *?yi ticd wipan n'n ] 

*pn m )itoito| 



18 D^'mj ^Di<^ n^^ 

crn UK rc^i 'i3i pvDs h^^St <'i*n) '^rtr irc« '^c .n^^Sn ^sna *.ti 
r» pnn^i raiKT rrr/^^ n^«2 rsisi d*c^« rym» nr^b 12 p:i3 

^nm D*:r r^r p-.m c-ic Ti:.nn -icin t p-'.m riys cm c^trStr 
*je^ 31 pr nK'i2^ n':^^ '^n |r ry'i^ZT nra n«i: ♦^"ry nt:«n r^r 

{2T2 rjcr p pnr "i nr 'n .rn ?tr-. ps c:nn n'tt^rcn iS trrc irtt 
n^'Si'isn ^r rsin ntrn r.rTh Ts:r k't n:c'a irr*: en ir« sinn 
.TK2 «^c* nr.*j:T. ,"nv::'h 12 pr^ cm •;:s rs^v r'sri rus 1:2: hv 
nrpe nrs^ T2i *2 "n .rrr km.-i pjT2 pnr 'i nr k-*'2 rri n«T r,^ (K 

,K*p22 2TI2 p-.nn t'r rh^hn '3:r2 .tt-h ^c» tst ^S xsr^'r Ty ^Kic'^n 
nn« c*:r -r-'p *r2^ : n h::z i\s: \h':\-:* 21 !?tr usr^ i»2 2Tip K^m 
nr«^ .-r pnij* "^ ^:^ -^ct k^ rr^i .c^^syrtr'n s*2: •'sna jTS-.m 
im«2 pra n«-!: ptrSi 1^-'a ^2 (2 ? i^r Ta-)2 pv2 i:aT2 nryn nnn 
m*s D*2r'!2 vn s^n cTp^an jan *2 2itrn^ »•'« era2i 2rnna n2in 
/^'i' {2: .n^C23n '•pr22' /i^a ia2 .r:r2 ■]-.i2i in*2 ma^n "12^ pr^a 
crwn ? n? ']':':2 t» 2ti2^ ^12* n*n ^ai 2/12 *a S2r ck K'ja^i rcn' 
naj? pr^ ^t>2 piw .TH »^ nrii« r«tr2i ji*2nj? i« n*ai« c2Jii2 rn 
n^r^n na2i ."pv22- ik "V1' "a^rn^c- 2in2'r nr nn nnn ■]'^'7a 
'aiTa 2^r2^ nc-^s: •a2n 1^2* "^rs? 15? tj? «'i2^ cn''.2'a rn c:arn 
.nijs^wi *»r S22 T5? «^i izh en p-n .n^«2 c-nrpi m2'-n nz'wb 
iny^ *ranpn2) ri«T T.'^in ■^r»2 c'«*2-.j;n n* rnn itrx jniK nimai 
K^i ,^«-:e?'a cT2rr cc* bv c^yTa 'r.^2 n^aipa2 ^2 p]«i .((imcn ^er 
nriaa inrar p,tr"? j2« a2nm s'^^^a *« o^pan r« arn 'n^2 i^rar 
ijjnraa "^ nsn: nrn lasan ^2 121 Pj-b — ♦nra cpa ar "^ j?m: «^i p* 
wi piccn rr2 cri: -.rKa ••^a ini«a jara *n n*n mi 'cb nrn tncai 
*rpa p2Tp2 r'«inn^ ns:n n-n ^a3:j?2 «rn bk ynr ^ai ,n^^^n 'sna 
2': rmb bz'r\) .p,rr2 n^sn an2Tn D*:2n -^ca nr« ^s ,B'«2n nnn 
♦•ina) 12 p:iB i:« Ern rtb^'' (prS2 21 Ei:a: n-n* e« p,«) in:iia 
B:n nr^i'b arn :^r p:a *22 ia^^2 ,"121 "nr^^^b (Errp jara Tntr n^*^n 
pT Bwr *r.yn^ pea p«i 121 12 pinSi 121 p nrr^ t« n\-i pin^ 
«XB^ rnarn na*trin ^2 as? icia ly in^nna na^nn nra ^n p« B2nn 

.(••n«a imKB jara Kin •i2nBn 'a 

nhio mpan m 8in (nD2 nrtrm nt«DKa N. Gl) ni nn '«fi *3 aitrnM (a 



r33!3 Tn«i n3 iki33D p*3 pKi ^iftH 21 n*2o »*rjn ^32111 jn^r^rad 
iTB:p3i nnw DpaiQ nSn nyiipin ^3i ,3"^ cis 0^33.1 I'yi 'Dn3 Hj 
'K3tr ^p "r:3!3 Tn«V' ^"03 j?o:j tt'^ 113113 .^^l^^ i^^k d3 ^3 '*r'>i6j 
'1 ,Tn i*« ^3 ,0^3?^ i3!^T3' «^i nsn nK D'^3pD irM R^ tt'Do rvi»ii 
Finn Dj?c »)« e]TiD »^i nto c^^irra noDi ••«n ir3i r» 311*? k*30-i fill 
p»j innm y^i rw^ bv o:\^ ? nan3i jprn ir3K ik *:p '3» irr !?i:K 

3?03 r'l K3 I'Kt ? R-'^n^WS nrK "CIID D3n op S333 "srK K*T1331DC 

iV HM «^ iniinn ncio ^3d nHUi *d3 irw 13^ t nts pn'^n nm'h 
1031 .roQ cjs^ r!J3 ts^"i |n3 «^ noK3 d^ik .^^3 jnt 's*n 13*31 

D"3J7r h"l *33 D'33n I'P *V33D'^ T^O t?''iE)^ FltTl }3« D3nn 133 ni3VT 
W3H D"n-i31I3 J3 'iPiro 1*3 0« *3 *«n 13*31^ tt*Da p p3 "I .TH H^ 

rrn^n 103 r33D in« ..iie^^d rp pi Kiir no*? inr ii>30 ni3n: 
D'i3in /ii3*D0 '03 inr3 p3n im n^^^om .H' ji»:j,i ^ir 13113 i3^n« 
mi 'nr 1^33 '«.i /m !?«ir^3 c«i 3« cpr iy- S'n 3n3r oir Di>ps 
bi^ nsD inKi 'H r'« J3 yTi.T j3 iT33i ni03 'W inn*03 i^*di 
1B*« 'fi r^K p f3'3?i n"* m3i3P ^"n noKr no ^p iji3ii3t ,3-u ''^ons 
.s"? *n ^iip inii'Q3 if^TKr ^n tr-^^ 53 «Sk ? 113^3 ^na *33 nnbv tn^3j 
1031 ,i;ir\*o in« ^n.i nrs ir^H ^33q ^"1 'r33a in«V' 3r:M i3in* m ^* 
r^« p rDa£x?3 »ip3 031 ,SKir*3 3K oiipo i«ip ir« ^ui 31 hm 
ino'^3^ im^PK nrK3 nt3 lap 3*Bnij 3irn«i 13 pco p« m ^3i •(«*^rt 

.^ci3i *ia3 11D* hv D'CDiro d'Hjd nua!i 
i)3P3 niM) np 1^ nn«i nirn .13m ,i3n3!D 6)13 *3^3j? ^r >n3Ki 
.•^3t*« n«a i«a c^pcioD o*i3iri *3 Rb^b ,13 niK^o^n /iviioip niDiri 
mm nsnn jd pen 'isi p'jipKV' !?'n 3rrr n^n/>3 «3 *:« pinjtn i»); 
n^cr rn "•o **im t*3 bv jt^u jr^ '"33 *";> irK 0^331.1 mana poip 
pDtj '^03 S'n D'rn^no k^-^io 'k*? irK D^3n3n |o r|Ov p pnr '1 

n»t npS qtsn pm '3 lona n»n '^mt .nanoa rht^n ^y oye na^ru mn *3 .i*^ 
Dcoi P'T3 KSD3 Pirn nnsrsn cr (a ,hp on )Sk3 T»nnS cnSn i]?poa»ft vijrri 
*cS >3 tairiKp Yin r»3in mS (I I i>oy) c^c*n iny^ kuos) n^'^tn^ fi nnSini t no3 leijJ 
rmnrKpi3^ p* k^ T^ennt'" ^2^ nnn ^onsyn nnocoa ^*i .uj? V'^ f y*i3 nyl 
»»i»n 31 mtt Sy i»33n n3»p3 pi <t^ .iSai ti S*^ ,hn^9^ nn»DT q«:?3 wn 
H^ t/^"n3?ri m^» kSi .pi*nnnS i3^n ci»3 p 6 |*io i^n cw. :(K 48 c^aiirtnS jiiarjl 
•n»onKi n«3iy pK ^33 A cnS» n».tc*3i p-w S33 2*cr' pS nsi »^i ,M'3Dri«3 mtiif 
•niin n»i) ^'•n^pin^ )^T\n 03 T^^n ick ncxi 133 *nnin^ netai ms^n *Vj? Stj ie 
.pnonS nsnir isf? p-Ss "ipD3>& SifK a niynn m *b^i (•! .(1T2 c&) nSwn cnim^ 
311 nicta n3n i3no3 nnnn -no D"y3 sna :i'*en nan ijjj eri t^-y |3K 



!6 D'^mj p|D«?s ra 

oy wnwn on n^«i .nmi n«*ip b ^b i^^rin nr« d*3ijc5i c^^id: c**ur 
^*3ro Tyo- o^Tra — .(^ ir«nDi3 /iH^ir^ v3b^ ]r\H nr« *n«D njn 
^•x 'laraa wt 12:3 rupS ; (^® yn p n c a ^*3ro iro ^ar /'yn ijT'a 
•rj^n '33KV p naipnn ^r }rn»n p^na •(♦13:33 np ri 15:2 /lup^ 
jnoDn .T'^p fT/in: ni?a2>i ^'jS ."/iri^mp^na rrn^')^ nwrv nciD ir 
•(•• "nMib npsrs n y 2 tri n r 2 e» n * ii p n 3 5: n n n " a n n : a 
01D ^b r»r.-r *3i *3»i ^'i ^m^sr^a Die ^b n'«rn ^2« *3«v 
^ipi ^"s ."w* */ir3!: nm *3m3 »iip ^ipv ♦O^ /iiS3irK3 m S ^ u* i 
na t]j;'^ jni: mrrav •»•» ^^jy^ ^nrsa mn ^ii^rn^ ':r«3 «iip 
( '• c?) n K 3; * * c 3 e c tr D • jn a -i s? na p,r^ jnu mTj;3i ^sr "•muy ^bn 
I'sya nair^n on^ inca p/i^/ici pin^c ^nop^i 
nea Tiiynjn^rn bv "jnyni ,/iuntry nscipn-insa 
pp"piinij:3n'nn'an^ajnn3o*5*oopo misery n 031 
D'icSi '3cSt c*3c^ {'a*i3:rpnip^*n jn^oa ('*p5':*p 
c*«^ioe nip* }a« ^itd cn^ianoa Di*iD«ipai3i3 
i*/i33D D*TT3:n nm^tra,jorn'7r^Dj;Dipia^n*T3 
nan c? ^ar > ir c*c^KTr^iatr«r^j?*n^^rpon«f|S« 
y^') '3 T2« 1*3^ ^ai2H ynr ^3i«f|^«nitrKip:Dn3 
lain '/nny p^n .^an H* o"n '"o raer ^o^rir .id td« 

•(•I* '131 *n^ipc 
n^rer- nrSnn^ arp — or ncnpn^ rnnrno nt*« ^y rvv< nnn 
,n * D n r *c^ ^ a: mynai .".r^i? itrc3 r« • ♦ • *cS n3n»3 S«3n3 }3 
ir3T ^r) n32 in^i" pin«n «tt^ 3np ♦(••f/i^r *c^ V'^^r n«i3 *^i 
D3nn p^nyeni .y^vn bv2 \r\} "^b ir:iiai ."nonSo iny ^ona Si: (^kh 
ctr «j:o3 «^ i» nr ^j? i*r -a ri«^ 3 loocn r« nc on tin }3« 
^pi ; ^'n 3n3 icid3 en rbn i3n33 r|i: !?j; nT3 ^sd f3« ,myn dw 
i3:*H i3nsn (n: aintr ^^ yiu rj?o: er-i ^c^ it noipn n^ bv b"^) ht 

ns3 iprS ^i3» iTn n? i^naaa t'«»t nn^n sjin pic i»3D^ 71:? i^i .(p. i:»:5 :»7) 
nonpn ) c^njcp icnnsi .nvn»n »^ipa i»v» "^b^w iDiena cc '.to ntPK c'risci mK»:ir 

.p'»^a iVpw'D nan ioH*3 (>^I'I n^trn nTi:?n 
Dcr '1 ni^m 'P'^a dj ncairon xnwn (• .in«a nam loroa p-^a dj ("** 

.157 p-^3 cj nonn mitrn (•♦ .na^trnSi ppn^ nanx 
|0«o '0 ,in3»aa tj? rarrai nSon icnn p'^a 0> .caitroi ion p^'^a d:» (a 

.mn mpon ^a ion* p'Sa dj (d» ,p3jiD0 

i»'oa mon nton (c .n^Knoian »npa mtya) nnn mryi nwanw mnrjnn n^»m 
pT» o p w i»Ki ; "»aa nona ♦a ^amS ^fco i\n |aN cVrn "WKa ddt: 1 fit p'^ai 



^TT ariD irH on2in ,Tnyn mn) ,kcki"« ^3trr ^yn iinn r*R3n^ 

'nHnrm '/ipr nin) *Van ji^JDn on^^n lOKsna i:i;3 ntai B';r nr 

n^n x^"! — nr:i pesta ^yn p^yi jdih cico "d ?|« — /i*rp *^k r^^iri 
m nwo WH naon n^n nrn pjyn isn ^id *nt iniK Riato^ 't ^h^ 
npnvn i^h wbvb ';as t*,n piT ,-[n2^ "jS Dinsfi^a S-jn r^r D5nn j-rrr 
3irnn k^t nnn ddh tr *k '3 'iij^i' .no rj^iti "[^ n^iir ^^« -rn lanDoa 
.^«ie»^3 HKiinn nos ♦"M) kco ijy arr tr^n «in ir?K3 .py!? r»Ki i^ 
n'T KiD^K n«r nrj? p^ ? idj? f:; njcc? smD r"H oy it n^r^^ 7K1 
^-arcn ain^ na^c^n anao kj mna .''Dm pcc' ^:q (innfin ^rcj Sxnt 

*a o^ODi^n o^^s?n ^^y ai ^npa nin d:i .nn j^nn ne^yon nn iie^p nh 
111331 3ien -[or !^'3in nu^ qa n:j? ipr -jtsra "jk^d-i ana ir« ^3 ph 
ipr "/icr mi .nr» *p3 *3 ^3 *rvb .iKin '3 .13*^3^ niy <TiT »^ 
nrw I nn^ -jb •jna:r /it«T >pnv pnat ^p iai^ nij? .tiDDin hSi .n:o^Hn 
'"|fi3W/ia m ^7331 naia hm •yj'^pa 3ifii3 moni aion ^^sc^a nr:^yn 
IQi^t* irin "[sm^ti itt tkqs ^3an — *TKt3 7131 "-^ loyj '3 *Sk 
nj? .It pT: 3r3 t^h djd« *]tri pKi /p^nirr ^K^cr d'om ^3 -[Wiai 

03 inyiea odtj ariaom ,t<'nn /is?3 I'-iea n*n imrr^ wk jiiasij^a Vnr 

[: nca Kato:n p*min m pnyn *d3 I'^irin 3n3:3 *^3t n^xi ♦p^Soa 
w 'Kipn Bfiirrr npinn D3n.T0 ■]3n3aa ^i^^iin anaan nnm 
yoa nairn iin^a i^ 3"*tt>n^ r\br^r\^ *nj?'i3 .Tn n:.i p^impro oiial 
•I^^H n^i ^ri:« c^ioa to rorn ir« oytDo '^non: -jh .1^ ni«;i in 
jn n^wn ^crs i^ nji^ y^y ^*oq •aiw w« men ^y -^ nrn 
•0 ^y /iiDDin i^niano^ ye«3 fa» ^kidb^ '1 naipn '•ic^ p^nyn irn 
irK3 nyTD ©yo 'joo i3tt» 0:11 ,p'r\vm ^c? /ii^att^iD nnyn oy ']^'^vn 
Hncui nK fia ]pn^ h^v itrtt ni)i3:i riiaiic: mnai nvH ne r:D^ 3*iE« 
,Kop to'i nnano riK *jiynn nriK eya pr oaao n*^ ntta T]::} o ,i^«^ 
p n nnyn ^r fnn«n p^na npiiyn .yho i^y^ '^jnoipna [yoK: ^'^l 
pbnn;3 ini»3a iKa pp nr phn nini .neio iy "'3k n^aa i^yit-i ^a^Kv 
nr*« ntn oyoa laa t?'* nr ^331 .mzo hM2n am mn iitk pirKin 
moi>tt» nme? ^n jin^n hT nunon noStt».i dj .'^f^itK 0'ai3J o^'isr 
ly '^iny Pjiifv p D':irKin D^i*rn pi iDipnn nbnni: *rK r' iiy) 
«^ ir»3 \n ,ij\pnvn *?3 lya nnn 1^ nmr» 'ism .inv ^bi *yi}f np\ 
i*?3CK d: t?" ii3nn»n na oa *3 naao '/i» iiji*n irR3 jm rm nni 



i3f*ii^ niDis^ m ^n/trn ic»k .^^r *^3 ncTKa ini«iJ3:n mrinD 

9H > tiMirn^ i«i3Dn Qptsn fa is^j? f]*r'T }2s«^ i^n^ »h cjdk •»»« 
Wfino T^pnv^* mhvh ma fnn«n nn -Kom^a {"inirr i^mor 'n ott^ ^ 

lUjCdiiMrUi^ iK.ukmMlrr AUd d«>r Krim CSt, Piitwrtiburg. 1876. *r»l3nM 

hchm ,^b^D »b) 3JiDan nup Dc« Dsi3 narr c*:rD p^sai .|>. 2i4> 
n^ c'K^ir f\ynb en q*»i3 n'^c^i i^n^n Bi«n eya ik^' nrn D^-i3in 
I niwi .nD5n ""Oi a^ rrtn sn^as mso: ^3 q;i nai .caVitD or\3iB/i3 
tpwn TO ifra 5]'ri pK^ n^r ir» y^min r'n mj8 oj iie i*sj« 
J858 /ir 16 jsn ^3 or ^'3' snu^n n3i nbtai iT'Ci 3Ma 
nn nn nt .n'r»ini na3n 3m» .|v*?ai icid .asm p3i t?*« m33 b^ 
rwnrt rtv?v m 1 310 311 n^bt? ^*3 r'n^pi'D omsK n'la p^w ^^^ran 
3a *ri'Ki or^ •mna mm* ,ria rrran mn* ^^33 '/\*m ^snipa mp 
HT na^r .na Vsran D3nn 3irr 1133 ^h riDiyn ib^k ^t ri3'n3 
n in i^jr ''A* .nr onsiM n^*a ^3 'niKi3 ^T^ »'•: oikskbkt 
np* o*3W o*i3n3 r\n)3 ir« (^nissti? ^''aai j/iipsstK *0i?a 
ai^san 'iinp^ rn* ^k^ iniMS v^ysa 3id pisk ^3 •iriaKi v^j; Sanm 
TTT Q^m 3in 1133 ^K ^^H ^n3ij? ir« 3r3an *]ir3 Pjisti wk */in^ri 
t3irai r3iB ^3ri ]n K^a 3n3a «in niipM insmw 'I133 Kini i^'in 
ipt^ pr^ I nn' nnn b^ih .^b nn« rf3/i3 la^H 3n3an bv oj n3ii2?;^ 
3in n«a inna trin na o^H^vn cairns i yisips vn am *3*t!?^a 
bv nser 131 «^'a *3 3in3 ki:d: h^di;i33 H^jkid 'n3r ,Tia D3nrr 
Hipinn^iK^D prb Kicrn nbvn^ -jars cnnji 3n3a i»k o':3in irnR 
ff];ri f3»i K'baipn*o *:«^icna nrn iisnn nmiK} Wyoieczky po Litwio 
b^ '/^aaipn rim •Kip3 ,cp, 216-217 n^oun m:Dv»n 'ini3na3 n«i 
*3 '/im^ c: 'r\VT irK3 .^rr iKia^ 'rtjann Hb^ bn^^ ^n'-M ^hkidi 
•5»Kai3 iiODini r3w irn ^3 ^1? ntsinm 133 '3 niri? ^sii m kS 
^3^1 '^ rui c^ays nr /n:n H^a .1031 //i*:3n ajn^n^' ars x^mp trit 
b'}n icKani .in:? ymsirna tK y/ii3tt?na3 v^b '3 B*:3in irn»a 73.11*1 
inn 'c«oa3 n«iD«oi ^r: nn» ns^rn i33i *i^3«« «ii anw ;iKDn 
1313 »iw niry ^b nb^bm Ayi:2 m 13^3 wcv ir« naoran ^3 nn 
*r« iBKam *e^iT n* 13 )bn ck "5 n»T pK ^dioh km jnnn p^ t nn 
, vtnr>n isfR ^irb ^;3a in*t w^n n* 'rra ^«iii3 km ^:h!?o ei^^nn K*3n 



13 Q^mj ^D«0 

io3n nsiB W3 '3 ^y *n'»^ p^msrn r3*i»» opjnn^ trrstir* 03 
^i^j3 rann itry:i ejiiy iS i^c nnv'^ o^^niKS iKnnn o^pmr o*>s ^b imn 
(nn n» pn2£' n irH nc* rtra iS ym ^Kicr 31 o^i« .ni^n *^^3t 
B^a' irK rK:irD op: nnph y^tn' nb o it3»M .M^.p n^K pD«ri ^y 
•C'nyi^ )2 ywb iSar «^ ontt^n onH3p3i trc: a«r3 o»t^p 
♦npiT nvb^r\D ^SitK oni Dj^pi ^^rrn on o^c^na 
•npiyDH n^jM mm nin^ ip^pn unon 

1^ np:Ki RDD nD not r^^f? tf ^n ntov ^3V nai 
np^^tm nnn *»' 'inn '3 .aici it^n i^ro 1^* nnyo ^3 nprn iniprti 

*np^n nmi nrx in« ^nn n^iw n^:inn3 nn5 ^di 
.nptPi ni'ar inn no pjdvi did p3 no ttrn 

0'n3in *t3iD r\H n^bt>b ^2b yrnrn nb d'-dm n3i n3n3r .i:ni 
Ttn nn* ^y wk naon hm nm ,^*«iDct 31 ^y m n^^v nl^^n nrn 
n^yi np^K03 d^dm 1^ i3ih «^ o yi; n^r o^ih ; ima-trKn host n^oo 
no3 H33 irK3i 1^ nm 133S irs«3 ry m^) nnr 1/1^3 n^n:^ n'» 

JD3ty ^y o*Dyc 
^n^'n .^3n .rm Jii:n3 ncr,. ^.s'cr 21 hm i 2Kin ^-31 ^C3 B. a 
*]^D (D3K0I cnna jn Di3n ']bnn -icid ^ny^n }3 i)Lnb n3rjD im^n 
n^iHKS oncD 3ni3i ini« no^'^Da ibid.i rnciE? ^^^^^ ♦n»R3i;3 c^nrSo 
,tnD3no nofn vice ni*n hmi .^nr^« p ioCKp^K* nHpbn mh nwon 
W3^ 3ir^ Di3n i3^DD *)ny??« (3 nr nje?D ^:d^£3 ^kb?: 0*0* ypbi 
t^bvk o^«3n D""icon osS 3n3 hm ^0 nn^3 tjk r\H b^T'i *np*^Koi> 
icion m^ TD •iiS 3ni3 Kin n3t&ip bnp^ pitn^ iiod irrK m,T }b noH 
^« mjns n3r^ *it«i nji« p« n^ idki /rbn ^«id«:» -31 r^tt latnrrt 
bo^ ."i^crr {*yr n*n Kim Ji£y)'i ncio nryr ! ^kl^b^i po^ *:o:3 iid/i 
iW iiiW3 onn i^un n^^itm .orn 1373 v^h b^v' ii£»k3 nn^n iray 
^San 033:i ♦rio^ no^i t)ny^K p iciDn n^n 13 inKi .n^yo^ i>mm 
ti*? 3'rni !"3D3Dtt' mDn^D3 *ja£y*" ^di hwk no 1^ ncKi *iip3S cmn 
qS ^nn v^y "jry D*r *mTn nr 3^e k^k o^iya '3^d yn'nv^ kS *3k 
nciDn JiiQ inK^i I'i'iTya nw 'ni nryn p ixy^^ir no i»3i .fn3^i 3k^ 
ry3iK n:r3i .f yvi iod n^i i^3m^ 'i*?n ^Kiar '1 m oi3n i^on npV 

(»»o» iron) 



»2 D^'ma p]D«a a^ 

rn {WKin oipaa "3 ^y .np^«a3 ir»3 3i» inr hm Dn'3oi o^smit 

:("Dn*nn wtj^o .13303 ^3^1* 

•n:3Dn ncn kSi D^nanan pT ^idx 39. 

.n:nan Pjks sSi npa-pnn nnx npi 

^y *3 .mpnn p^r r« 13^3 n*cnS ^^^sr 3i ^intrn in« ^^331 
:('*'Hn^ irrm -nsm 5]idi lai-a 3*on^ ^h nh:ir\ ct ns^nm xn3:o«m n* 

rp3^ nrsn' «^i isi'j? 11333 bp' t<b -!r« r*«n n« n3r^ rT3vn 
D'ir:« £31713 i»'ja^ ^p:3 ir« D*in« c^tt?:«o niinci u'lon m^*05 
:('**1ipn *^ctt^i^3 r.ca r^Tib 3S C3n er^«^ rixpi jrr3 n3i ,0^3:110 D3*Kr 
D>nKa r^x ^333 irs:^ trpnS r:an np> ntrx 12. 
•D^\sn inS:r^ d:\x nrx D^r:x SKt?> ntrxa nat^a 
hDV Hh^ n'r3 ip* m33 ir« r^«n rj^p nx «r^ d^ob^^ pii 

:(''n3i HDin ^130^1 Mtfb 
.nSn:a inm ^pn ^rx ^^Tpa d>:d nisa 'jf?>Dnn 52. 
.nhp: ^h ytQ:^ d^:d H^v: n^m inoin ^lao ins hx 
- n^ii -jif^n -jt^D: i^ni nrpm -jdix -ja na3> dni 
inx^aa i> nxpi ^^^ ^nn -n n> n^ nrx h^o ^xr 
D^ttr\x^ ^xtrn ^«i i^:i:a ^k nx a:i ^» 331 ^w npa 81. 

pi pi3 C1020) crni nr iy np^s!?3 ^«ior 3i ^^n •»" *t3ioo 
.inSi* nr.i {sm ire3 '3i .irjso 3*an^ imprs irci «w^ xrj vh *3 
"itt^K .cn^roen ^2:« .i»i:.i 'C3i) nirrsi nnpc nrx J'tt^n^ /io«3 11*3 
iin^3i) vni V3ni«^ c: inr .imi 11333 n^es Dsicno .im "3 i3^a nh 
pT iro ^y .i!?n:^ nT H* nb* cj c« ^3 .(pc^3 p pns:^ 'i niron^ 
.mpcn p 1D1.1 nimi n3r3i ;D-iaim cyi ctjk i3 i«3pni "3 ip no 
in«.i *^i« itt'X) vrivss D':r 1113 i:i.ia *3 in« pox i^ nip d5i ,hm.i 
mron i3.ii«i •iks r«3pai v3*''« inor .1? ^3 bv^ .(inin« p hm dto 
.i*?r nr '3 impw c^sin^n i^r ^«iar 3i ^x nbv pc^3 p pny 'i 

.('•'.13:1 HV}^ D1T1 n^n:*? 
npp? or nyji n*ipnm ^na^ axpnn natrx p^ 
.npirn ^3 -jnnnx 'nvi2 S^:ixi .ixix ?|a^r nwa 



D'^mj p]D«3 



K** 



njE'an on ,(Zohoir) imt ctt^D tttp^n o^iiK^on '22:5 inn rj*i i^n^ 

flj?3 ^trO (Sovillal n'^2t^» 1*^31 Jlbn-Abbfts* C « 3 J? J2R .TH if^tT 
.abii-Abbud) T»3Pp« ^«pOtr'JDTOnODDKp^« 15K K'HH 

D3m /iKrn Ti?n ^p nsc nc^« onaiai nri ^^n '^c^jk hv it mnj *d 
OBirn era nui hmh mr3 n^n:^ n^jn ,(io24> ixb^di nara iin« 

OM Tlir -(ModficlmhidI *in«JO 'Mi^bun n^tt*DD^ P'XI (Baleor-Inaelnl 

i^n^it? n^K»T o':»pn o^^na.i rrjirKia )r:in pr ntt^o^ *3 s]hi 

JIKT ^32 .KpnCHa T^tsn *:30 1W nCD3 .l^DH ^;3D .D*D'^^2n fl^ncrCO 

.03J ^p iDiy p3£p on^ p« w« 0'3^DDi iiifiya ^d p«2 p/iSroo i:nj 
i>y r'« npi itt^nno'iD ^3 ^m ;n3i^»n mh ]» '3 nS33 tpnin o^np^i 
nnyn i^ss oncri ony nsi* .CrT:*3 n*^3 im^i rnna c?*» ion!?: .nyt 
ni£*7'3 n2t:ip rrn n^B3 nnn "nco oni 35cd hm ht^ — •t*'i^r "[ixu 
c*^i:n p3i ;nn2 irto /innK onys r\2t^b ip^nim nbiJ3 i3*?n .T3ipn 

VHTD 3313^ .rnoi b)!} ni«^ Hlt^ H^^H 0*D^3 Mh^^ nr» D^D103Dm 

oi«nc y;nB3 nh oiSHi ,^^33 kdit«3i eii:3 n-tcD3 ^«ntt?* ^:3 nn^pn 
♦G'»3n D^piE3 ys:rj irK3 t:«^ t£j<5? ch '3 -nrn K^B:n i3in rvn^ 
rTn3b ny3 nsDipa i*:»3rr ir« d^c^^kh iDor3 lincx itrK3 t 7. 
i^y!? n3^^ p*nnn irtt ,n^n ^K^ar 3i w ,Tn cioia* on3i3n *:3n i^yn 
p3; b^ y^: «t» .n^«.i omiti*:n ^jCiZV nbz*^o mn nxiM itt>K np^Ka 
^^mi .iJ3tr!3 mpoi? np^«o I'^y^ Trna^ ^«iDr 3i nn r^r^n ik^k nrorr 
mpi ^Tai "ji^n i^n on3i3ii n^roo '3 i^urr r«« n«nn D3rr3 nui 
»pnDK '33 '3 i:o3 ubv} »b ui .o.tjSd 'C33 b^ r\nr\ nnr}02 f\2t^b 
n^HD Ki^a^ ^3T i»pi3i insf'^QT ncrna Dny3:i nt^strno o^Dny rn n^K 
n:m'»i3 nby» *n^in ny^wb yin c'j^r c^yio H*3 r^K oSiti* irw 
no* ^3 pKi) D^^Diin m:no iy:!i3 np^no Ty3 dj ^Kior 3i orom 
Dpi *(""ni;mn mipo nR laate^ Sy m ^Riise* 31 kitj '3 ims<n ^i^ib 
iDipn m3« «f? nn3i rvn u invn3 nr:yn im« nmnb i«?k pn^n ^d 
o'3nn D'^rart rmh ny3 udd nsnn] nt^i^n ^d3t ;rjD -yiK i>'Dn R^t 
iro3 H' ^»i3«* 31 pD«nn '3 n«i: ono if « ^b^a {3 nDD3 d^k^d^h 
nin^ nipDronsi astcita /irn^ n^npn tk ^n^vb «ipi .fSin^i ray *o*a 
•'"inK^tTM na«' p tfii:na»p2^i o^inH D'r:» niry^ nuc^ yiDr h^i 
n:nn n^n pt? nimi pi^ ?[5p dj? ^idh m. 



10 D^ma t]D«!3 ^ 

cnwn /i:tr w rnsi c^iryn r:r^ ir:in ir^ ,nrttip n*j?3 mja 
iKr3 vn *c* nr.ip ^:S 12.1 -.r^ c^-^n v.-rs •s .v^n *o^^ c*ntt»i 
jn^ K^ p^i pnno:i in^n: "r:^? c-r^r-s ins sirs pi nis^c^ ia^ 
1^ rn CH", ,nph *2 nr nr.*^ r.pb tis ^rs^ ^sr ,cnsi nsjn no3 
'131 n^'^rsT *3m:^ •n^nr*' .n-?v"!"! rjD:iT r:^ •:ra "72^ r\*>}2) c':a 
iTwn nc'pA": 's^a ^s'rrr nS r:n itr» r.« pi i:irnn d'om 

•(Granada) MS:^<i•':': (Malapi) .ip^«r2 ^r>ZV "2*2 ,V'n ^S'S n'TT'^trni 

•:c ^y r'prnt' hm* ir"!!:^ «^ n^« r.'sr'pns 121^ «^23 dioi 
1-cD n:-?s2 pSi2 i:rr ir« crrn cciL^n c'::rn larsi ^^nan ssran 
n^?^^^ r.rr irn!2 n:i2» *:2 nbv^:: nnn hm ir« 
ns:^^ r.m iT!5 *in« ,(1012-3) :'rtrr.n ny^ni r\^.:iri §. 6. 

CAlmanzor) n X : 2 ^ « *i:r3 5?"l '^H ISP "2« p» TOnS CDIIS'jn 
/131?S Ty2 nriM ,(Sancli.)l) Sr^«C1 (Modhaffar) 1 D » i 3 V:3 ^5tt»1 

c*r.j?n *e2r •: .cn-n rru* n^rtrv^ man n^n:i npr^:^ n-.s: ticds o^nyn 
cm cm.-iMi z^zvi*:] b^i^ err!:.! (Keri)ern) c'i:ii2m cniK^cm 

,iise3 n2Cip i^rn rs \S'2n"! crn p f«a^^D CK3a ir n* nn/i 
i*j?n riK 'trari cr ni3: (loia ^;n2X Tinb a's cv3) :i'pm Ji:r3i 
inisi nrc-p r»ri2 nH^-r ♦rvtr^s •:-!£ nsr., 3i :in ,13 irj?i ni*3n 
r*i •Dvn ''r ctr nn? i^r^ (Snra.i?ossu) nccp-c^ ni3r *3 tr^ ..T3rr 
KMn m pi A'' "DIM ir c^^r -.:: cnri (Toledo) n^c^^^a^ m3e^ *e 
rommttjadoii)iT2« *:3 c-2*^!:n ii'?tr2!5 r.n/i *r .11BC3 c^3irn T /iSt« 
cniK^D.n c^'!3i3n "crra iicc Dm3 rm3 ir« m:c:pn mSraan i«r:m 
i^tra n^»n ni3*^an rr^r .f!:i:i? rii?ri3 rins^yn mr^^a n^j?a^ i^pi 
(1010) r"rm n:f3i .(Sinhadsdi) :sn3D err 3ip3n *i3i3n 03ir »:3 
D^r^o in3 .cn^rsa 3;:»'a cpa (EU-ira) m^3^« ryn n3in: nnn 

/13r31 ♦('*nT31 rr^ ((Jranada> H S: K 3 1 J 3 COn 111 (Sawi) M«T 

n^* ,D*i3''3n ns'jTna iipa sp•1c^5^ ncoa vsr rws ,(1020) D'm 
.ncK:-i:3 nr^a.i «C3 H' (Chubbus) dsns f3 ci3n rn« p vrnn 
3 n « 3 v^y: 'T)DC3i .Vozir 1 ^ n c'3-rn ^-js Kip:n> in:tro i« i3:j?n 
^np^t^ }3« cDsp^« 13S ^«^^.^ nr3 hm (('hudschib 3 : « m Katib 

r\^h»^ «l':nn Ti;3 nf:'n: rirn« 1^ HM *rs ,(Abul-Ka8im Ibn-Alarifl 

n^p 3 { 3 « pra c^'C d: r\rn np^wa ryni ♦na.^r:^ nncc-n (Malaga) 

D*^f ^an {'Pr (Ibn-Abi-3Iusa) * D 1 a ^ 3 « f 3 K p CJ KIpJl (Ibii-Bakana) 

njiM cmvjsa'. npn£«3 nr" c^tna cpa ir^ (Chammuditon) nan »:3 
n3Bp nsi^a smh Jiy3 p c:i mci: nt:«^-i: nr3r3i mcD cm3 none 



Nr. 2. 

i^ra p *nnK id^j? ^r i^pn iitkd .n^M^b p nnn n^p jri^r bv ir« 
pon Mftt ai? onsin rn wrnia wkt ir^K rjrr «^ ir» 

• ("'121 ID 3 

^KiDtt^ 31 3rio rj?3 *3 PT3 n^KH m^Tni /n^yon ^3 op §- 5. 
nh o:i onS o^esn^ »b oin 3ijn3n nn it5i£P3 o^^p nstaip im^io tm 
WK3 310 3^1 nar hm ii«t hD2 *3 «]« .(*'(«" ♦» nbnp) iry o*ii3i^ 
TDn nj^M irrrn A*** n^Hn g^do isn ith n3n«n n'c?i p'n n-rn n»n: 
ni^nj^ Kin i]£ii ^3 ^b «3i i3^ o: .i'/»j;n nm» m3iEi mip;i nt*^o 
Tti bv D*Tr ne3 i3n innV' ^d*3 'd vd mr r^n •(** d^dm n*ini«3 
jrj?in C3 D??i« ♦("na^D*? ii^ rKtrj ono :]vtii} jsatmechy ^inm pinai 
'tp* p m /iiSin 1D3 vm ^0^3 r\'\:)^ xnyiTHts^ jii^nm d^iidto iznb 
13DQ 15^ ir^n irR Dn^rn j'3 '3 ,n3is*^p3 i33 ^mstr 3i ^sm n^n 
(ThiinfiBcb) nj ^»^« DM n^ nj3Da ^iv) irK f?i? mm i^r «itts3 
mir«in niinnb 131 rHi3i X*'nrDD3 dm niranM jij?3 i/in^* *o*3 
,mix\ Dr3 D^ji3on o^vrn ^3 ^3 nyif? i}n3in d^ji^ki^ piDia 
^Hisr 31^ ' i? n n I 3 icDD nan o^mp^ nan3i n'nr3 rn^nn .niM 

I 3 ' ' n M I? n n " io3 xrT2 Dn3T:n ^mor 31 *3niK p3 
,i*^pnit" 'Tpm A''*HnDn p c]Dr -ii ^Kisr p ^idv *i pm .t*''n*ni 
•)r» D^'T^K peo *^3 i«i£t33 X"{Kcn i3« <("'pc^3 p pnr '1 wt 
*o*D Tj:n jiK iT3m ijn'i n3E3ip ryn p d; ni^M cn3^n3 '^ip, 
p« HiV '1 nK 03 D^io ^« 0*30 HM.1 riy3 T3n mi?rnn *b:i .i^'^mt] 
p 103 .HK^n^ 1K13* nrRD ,npi^no3 [3 nnw 103? 0:3) ifR niiaj 
rrjn^j irnero irn n^^«3 p "jiis "1 zv nmarr 'C3 ^wmr 31 vV'^'^t 
n3D0 irK Tj?n *33^ in3nKi .mn ;incro 103 n^oip^ ni^Hi:^ rvi 
Kin ,1113 *i ^ir 133*? 03 p 'iHR ^NiotT 31 lor riii3R nsa^no npE 
i'3mn nil]? "03 irK ,ii33?n /ii3noi }*^:nn HDip ice ^y3 pnr 'i 
1,11X01 ni3roi onoo ^b i3ro iThi ly; 13113? Kim i;iik 3niK hm tut 
,('*ix^ "n nKi3n*53rn ^Kior 31 ^r rm3« oj — /iinp^i H/irnij 
i*33ni n^srv nn3 /i3?3 *3 .nstDip rvi pr n5?3 mo .iiyrnn *d3 

.T33rr m3K0 noiKO 1313 R^ t^ior 

*nj«f^ ejDKon »^^ nni* nww maoo (• 
'J 



8 D^ma «iD«o n 

1113 '/iKo »n2^^ ^ B 5 r era «np3n cnn nwa dp cTrn i*r hv 
•^a onaT /nars ,'^ape in t* ;rhr ^r-^^ii .{nKT^^op 
3^3^ .poBPtDM^o •/nc» **?3ye m n^s "lai Kunren Kmj«i 
jHocmp mn* T»!: riKD 'W mara^ mi .d^u* n^or ;D'-in 
•na^m mco *c ^r .p^v •hcd ;c"'in jnao'iBc ts'D ,o«ci»Ta ai 
;r''^n/i p^-ia ,jir^j-!2 pns:^ 'nsa /^ai s^nsn .•s^yirm ^^aan 
•r^nji«3Ti^T.|»*r-nrT p,cr n«3J'ariS jn^a^r: -^nae jitti npwn 

Caval. Piotro Porreau, ConicMito M>|ira i Salmi dol H. Jnimnnuol^fASc. 
I — 12, Parma ls7J»— SO; Jiitorno al romcnto ilrl K. .Immanucl sopra la 
Caintica, Uuma Ibls; Josc|ili ci Hart wig Dor c» n bo u r g. 
Opuscules ct Traitt's d Almul-AiValib Merman Jhn Djaiiali, Paris lh80. 

nnc *si ti'i nj: ;"iai c*:ir«-i*? jnar icon *arjn" (2 
ircr {va i:ic!2m :•« n'c pa':ia s^aan pr^ mitr nt**^^ .^p: irK 
'a {3 «^^ ck inr^a '*:r pai pir«n pai m7 i:i .n/ncr *o p« 
a{par2)pi»sr3Xi rm ^xsn -'p-^n^S '? p ^« ptr«i^ 

CiT^r Tj^cin^ T^s:!:! ,Kaai «:*•! -.sirn H* y'^ai *^« i^jcsj 124 
rm laa •a K:m .*^aa.i TsSrn ^i? *-i3«2 "^ana rj?a 'jsa cH'i irnv na 
1? hITh "^K^nn cr ■'ar: -ir» n^?2ipa naa bv "'": p^is: S"cn uin i»d 
••3 ^^"la •'-•.112 n? 'rT^i .Innasa n mtrin d: rvn T'pi] is<i Die^i 
Hni^:i y*iT «aa i^p Taxn r« i^a ja 'a ^:pmn [n^ran Kiao ^pa ainl 
•*«in pa3i ('« n"D «ina «3a) ^rn *norT 

♦fo-icca ai) ^^nn oini 
.maT^n '-ipra e^ctr^ :n:2n n»*on -ca .rn c'5i«:n ^s'a djI 
3'^ t\i n^^Tyi'i "7) '» p^n -iicpa n^aisn ^K^nc: ai naimo naioa 
•ncpa cr •a i^y^ aj«i ;«na^n2i xaaa ppcr^ n'ran •ii^c crp 
iD3:pa rrn «^n 'a «a3i «:*"•? i a mpoa «npi ncj: an (rp cp p|1) 

•iKaan «^'*n 
f3«a "p [a n'lr 1. x. 5. rel rrpa -itr« pap* e»^»n Tp- (4 
n cnp n^r cTan laa •n ^^rw hk-^* van ^c^ irx r^ ^''n rco 
}3 pap" T-p pTi «S nrpi prK-^n niaia -^rn n'cp a"na ^aK .n*ipD 
TO ^"xi n^a near: n:rn«n niTa 21:1 or : aa - • .nai«a nr na^r 

♦I«B0'1p m /na^r 'i } a 

♦nam ih^Sk onnns tjo^an ^pa 

Petersburg. IsmujlowKky liota 3, llauH 11. 



nj nWtt^ Tin ryn 135 nam .r/n^Vm nio^nn *rT ^k \r\iv 01511 
^ni^pwt niiona tnSH^o nt»p mn -j^nai *2 12 t\"w i. n. is i'Dij 

•n'Ki^ nDnit nrK nrn lasn ipinn nil 

7) Lfifi porteB dftne I enceinte du Temple d' HMulc par iRidoi 
Loeb. FariB 1879. 

*( 1 879 T'lC ,3 P K !? 11 1 M ' K 't r»D n^DH 1-1 *1J7r) 

ni?t^ nioe* tk iKaS ii^in lansn ^irr^ nnrn njopn manoa 
iHi *iBi DUic'p ,ni^in o'D R'o mro n^ras onDui r^an i.-^ 
mm lyyy nn no«^ ir » rnyrnn h^ nK ra*^ irK nn«i .f ^ i 
;iDiK2 nmcn n»tiiDa» ^n poir; vn o*onnn o'lyrn *'i? '3 .injj 
n'OJi nicinn m^inn or ^p .ni^inn npr iKipa n? 'jcoi ^miran i*i 
'3 ^r ,<^o> Kophinoft ^iiM H^on or H* «ipi DuiD*p lyr^ :Ppipa 
lyrm nanon m3v ir«3 noip ik ^d mion^ ri^'i"^ mn 'Sipon iiwrt 
nnatp ntrSr H*3 hm ^d ^y .ne 2y»^ i^in niyrn ^o^ mp: ^rrO^crtJ 
n«i:i (J''"t3 3*c niTD) n 3J ^j? n noio vn nJ33 {no ir» c'32*t»ii 
m' K1/13 833) i«*^i*fi n- bv h)t:b mcsi^i ipnn i^k3 p"«nn j*3?^ 
mcD Dsno n^un i4*3 '03 *3 i33>n isnon nK rpK mai .« 
n^KH mam mm** nnnn mprn ik^co) m' ist .rf?in K3£:i03 ODiiil 
,3y«S I'ln nnincno /iiaits yrn o^^cn ^air djsk ir«i 
•0"^in n3n«c ,^-m^ m3i£oi o*Tr ."^w p^n »o^3?3 iii 3 i> 
'i Tin or naitsS mai D^t2yc i3t3 133 ^«ir' *J3^ D'nj?n '^-:d3 i 
^y cim «^ ir» ,y*3 ynnn pn^i osn inm !?r 133 ^tn^^b mw* 
mi ;n3n3 nnK ran n^:n irn 0'3in omsn-i pk d^dih^ nj?'3M ^oyi 
nrR o/\i» d;i o*3in p'ntta onncon u'ritn b^ nn Y2p^ r]Cit i''33 it^l 
n*3mKi rnzrn ncr^ nann rrnio nnao^ *n3ijn -n3n3 C3*ipm ^aa! 
o^ir^on inK maun no rtKnpa :3y ipar' c^raon o*KTpn -mnaDe)} 
.imini bHiJt" nsHK trK3 lyia i3^ iitk ,ounnKn 0*0^3 cnKioo irmj 
*03m iinom nimpS d'31 0^1311 m^on "^n :\^'lbM^ n« 0.13 iht s^I 
13311 i:^b /iiiM^ liH G'»3^*n \zh *ni'Kon «*i^pBDH33 r3m« ^mrM 
rjno }*0K' Ml ,r3K v:: n^3!D rtmn nsic.i n:jiQ,i ji« i^b K'l^in irKj 
'1 i*r] I n3i3 riRR Vitt^i i*«tr.i iipk d*31i Dni3nn in'* ntt d^dti^ 
rn ;|irKin DipD3 3iii33 n^ppn nwo Kim ^r^p rr3 nn^jra ruri 
4«jnDio ^ni «M n^3m .fo tb^3 n^ri o*^ 



nai nio m^kh nii3noni onoon riK 1131 miw "nb^p n 



r'K^s^.Tiani ni'^nn K'n yno /i:iD/n .msm n:i^ca .nnDi cp Sa nna 
r'a^n^ cxcna o'^ain hd 3n:i* nt pnc : ^mrn ??««•• ]^D}h ,r*Hi 
nin rw V niacin *:c ^p on^r^i nrn 3in«ni rinn m^oa nn^iai 
c*jirinn Dnnpsne m «in T2r pr nr ir« .}"2«2 Tin Cretan *3ninn 
WK*i MCin *Sj?3 DTSTn ran^ana nsi^D ^»itr*S ra «'3Cin^ 
'3313 «^« *i^/i t2"Tn pK nnyai ;C'32n^ "rnrs i?'"o tc*^ rx^r 13:13 
•jis/i^ iSintr* c.i"n:3 «m 2Vi2i c.i^^cS i3T.i 12*3 c« .rat* i3n:"iQ 
K^ "3 «in Jii« - nh c«i .{.i3« 131 {'"n^ 13 30 «in ir» .^"lan n*3 
^p |"3«a i"i.i r'3^1 ir« rinn ri2^!M Sr lynnr n3i3 ■]i3^ lacom 
ii'ir i«a:a: ^rb ir-2n itrx nnain.i *jnr3 ♦c.i^r p3n «^ttr«n 
.nH^DTDs .313^ .pccs:"n .«i2^3 ,3ip«rBi«T r^' r:3ina n^tt^nm 
nn I'm S-icn ri« "[laii^ nn'3i .'131 *Si\xc» ,p*D«i .j?mi^»p .pa:«OKB 
ra3na d3i .ni^nn irr3 r^bnnb pTi^n pccrc'iia I'la •nic^ ^^3ytt 
.DTcm rn3'n3 .i«in itr«r ,it n*^* «S ^«ir* mnp 

4) iM.'itnii'it /111' iK.'lii'iiiM'liiMi <iramnuitik iiii Taliiuid uikI Midruschiiii, 
von Dr. A. Her! i ii o r, lloirm isTO. 

•< 11*79 ir^i3 cni3«.i%iaicc«3 .miai na^/ia p.iS p'\ipih D*j:ipS) 

5> Rabbi Ji'saja Hrrrni, i-iiuj biographiHrlio Skizzo, \on Dr. A. 
Berliner, Horlin 1 b7J». 

•(^ana p^i3 .ryir* 'i 3in nn^iri) 
#^Kiir^ ra:n3 ^n:in in3 n« i^'Si3 i"in n«in n:itr«in ni3na3 
omo^m •jr3 pm!? pnpiS j?:i:n ^3 n« p3pi c|d« n«^c^ nTpr3 ^d 
fopi Sn: 13T n*:n «^ .pipi pip S3 Sy S:ern3 ipm mi .D^riiai 
iT.T 3ie i^i ;.nrmm ^3^.1 ":r«a3 iSpr kS ir« nrn p:rS y*rn 
rnrS iry r» iaacp3 ■733:n isnan S^a:«^ *Si« i«) nn« er^s myr* d» 
iriM pnpnn ^icca nn» Sk incaSi /i'i3j;S nrn ia»an n« p^nynS 

♦nann vbn icd laa .i:n:^na3 D'aDnca 
ipinn ^cs (pa:»:a y'Ma3 c: nacn^ w») n*:ern niana3i 
Sn:n 3in ^^n /inipS ymn S3 r« S3r oien o'^acnn n^3 nrn T33n 
^ry i*«n ir« S'r (3"nn ,p * c i«) p S 1 3 n ^ j; r * '1 pwn ip3ani 
D'3iinn 031 .D*3in nnn iKr3i D'rS niianan rmn:n3 S«itt^' S3 
irSi3 ^m /iSirc -jiy r« i^pinS ijn^ r*o3rK i«ip^ «S itrK ujirnas 
.|Kni«: nn 'ia n : r a n * : a 3 nacn^ ir« nn3j;n npwnn n^ hv 

6) Die Jonathan Kcho Pctantouch-Ucbcrsctzung, von Dr. S. Qro no- 
ma nn, Kabb. in Danzi^% Leipzig, 1879. 

•cacr^S ♦^55313 31 {«a^3ii3 1'ina naSnn h» laims mirn bv \r\:v Di:iii) 
iTi3T I'm Sr D*pn3ian D^raSm nn« Kin nrn ■T333n i3rTon 



5 n^mj ^DNQ 

r^mijsjn r»iHOTji nMinm hb^^ ,p'ioio ^pyipi ice n 
i>uir AiKHou 0*^^13 0*1010 ^131 n'ii^ip} r)\ron dj? »'iji T^GSnaj 
nnrj? *j^ m i « j ^ 3 H i 3? J j n : ^ » c t /iho *^D^ catrmn 0'0>D7c 
.ia'i>w-'r3i/i nw ]V2yn ^rppn noa p!?m ipia o*pir ^-noS d^jj^itI 
nana 't ^rc /iki nin h^dj^i nann m bbnb «in i/iio^ ^k 
pK3 *3 OKt ,nsDnm niiAi npr ^33 on^r pouio Kit* i3D '3 i33in 
ir*i mt;i noih h^ \nhw bpn no* k^ ht msni o^qm c^k' h^ pto\ 
MDmnnm mhh ir» *o ^3^ «n fi33i *wi c^m ;ir*ioo\Ti ni^oSc 
Ijro^ .n3nDi i)3nn /loc^in j^3US^ n p 3 ^inrn^ 133^3 nv2} ^K*ia 
: mp« n%D) *-ni:Snn rnif? mKcn ^^^3 hm irn in3H^o i?3C3^ ^3f J 
103 en»ran u'phnn vn^z'^ piti 'n* ? I3ia« nos ,|'M^Kr3Ki f ^nnrsKi] 
iitH -JKicon pm r3«^a ri» m^3? ']irr3 ^^' oiponi ^nhnn oybn 
ybv iiiDsm Snir" rwn o^mrn S3 113131 *y*n 'o* nK ii» /irip;i 
n» <i3nori jrri3) D^cnni' 03^ in« D"rn t^dio i/i^tr^ jn" 'oi \hx 
r\hv)r\h npnM *i»ir3 p)*?! p]*t ^3 Sp nr nsno niKnourr 'oi^n 

.o'WT^n 

Dr, R«bb. M. LuiiL^, Torino 1879. 

.(1879 |nitt*r'D«S nro 'i 3in3 ^iioSm n^bnn iv^kS ouipiM nTOftjj 

*3i '00 D'OipSn "y 3ief? ooicn: 133 mn 1331.1 3in or 
' *? » r c p jincro mi^ir cy cu'snn n3iiK0) ii«S H'ltin irit 1 ft » ^1 

Ip'll OnSfp DSK irw N^^10'H3 *'3nKS PM!23 D'D3irTD1 0*31 onoHD *'in1 

rnicoMi vnnyn ,r/nii:n ^3 ii« ?iiD«S 3ie i3i 13S rm njun .i*^! 
•iQHa3 jD^cinh 'iS 3pr 'id :*itD''*S3 iikS «2fiM moSnn p^on ico^J 
o^r*.' itt'KSi ,1V iiiK 13? i3nsn rr nrn pSn3i ;pnc tp3 H^oip> 
rnnpn nK uS 0^11^ n'jr it ;i« ir*o»f» tii ff]*Dr Vno i^iKn 
Hin "3 lOK^i mr nSp nTpo3 f|H nrn ii3n3 typt*n iitn S31 .riiifioid 
ih'n i Kip^ 13^ 3ipoi /i^ ^"10 Siiin ii:i«n nn fpnSi D*Srn^ *m3 

1 r*o«S Rfin^K^ 

ni3imi niS«r .111/1 ^313 n^mpb ,n 1 1 r» ^ * 1 :i * j^ 3 1 p cs 

'« /113in *{KD3'Sp3 ITP'^KirO 0*0101 *"J? »'131 /llsSl ^11 

.o"in-r!?ir» Ko^nit /afj 
1*33 »h .11 niiij?/i3 pn^Kiio p^vb b'wpry yn.T 'i ain ^'y 
/iitrpS 103 r3in nir3 123 oiOK ir«) o*J3ii? inro ro 1313 n^Rrflj 
^33 *!?'»orn!?i pDM^ nrn 1313 r* dj ch njm , cm 311 p't:3 xim^ 
o*»*Sr.i 1IQ1 Oil o*nr.i *3/i3o n^K irD*3 irn *inK *3 avv^ piv3 n«|j 



4 D^mj e]D«0 1 

ijjrana /nmea neat* nra i3*»3 iii;! ; i'" •»icd2 r:m pnc p onaai .^aaa 
nnnn n*n ^hioib^ an *d .tip htS sjix^ 'i«i d3 .pnpia I'^n man^ 
«npn '3;iD^ mosa o: vrv^ cr ifK cnn c^ca iicc 'Si:ia inron 
•nco^nminrsayirncco^apinncnrrinsK ji^khdu sijsbS ^inrm 
;iK ^Hiar ai lo^ c^npn ptB^^ nrTi mira pcyn la^a S. t. 
.DnnD*D*aD'aiynnai^s b::» c*rSia cn^ vn ir« cjnam mcrnn ^a 
•a I'amn tv^ "^rsa ,"7«2 nSn: nn^n nnr^ai r^aiy nsra inm* 
Sa*na tisj?^ cna nr itr«2i witr^ai c*^«s?sr^^ ^isca *pa rjjn .rn 
;i^n J"*"Drr^3 namn ^nrr r.« i«*Sr cairn onc^on wi .('''''"[^on 
.rn p DK1 .i^'nins nuvj^s tran iir T::n rr r^anyi nnap ncr 
rirrna pTiM ja laa .rs'a nsca cLin-ui.^tj nuir^a -pa nnrn v^»n 
:'.*'cn^ sipi pa piDj?^ nn *:a n« n*aim paisn 

vi^icp N13 np ^^x j^nn xSi msi pi: i^xn^ rnn Ssi 

maan n«tri ncinn nrann naana iS-j •ja ^5? nhv *a mn'a larji 
^h mar maan :]« ;(*'«'ciDi^ca cj: .p'jnai ^Matiiomatiki nrma^n 
na^:i itrpu ^kic" •aana D*ai c: itrx c^aaian •nn ^^ana pa«n ^^a^ 
D*aaian *a h^p iK^i'in itr« vwitra ^nm ,n«?n nanan nriM rria 

:("na«a it«^ inari cnicp D*a* i^ laajp 

^?mpp n^Sin i\si S^nn yxi a^op mS nvh iS^mni 
rrTa i*::.! n^ai3:rn na n« iS^n* oma H*a v«3w cairn *ibid 
^am niaiSnn r« maSS o^jixn oncoa nam n:ni .(*'" main naan 
D3 nKiaai '(*''D*S«rairM nn "ja ir"»« i«*Ss* itr«a .oSirn •rari 
iB«i nn nw dj nM nra o^pa nxj nM ie»«ai ,D'ain rStrai ri'-ra 

(" : ins ^raa 

onptrn infe^y ira^ itrj^ xi^ani nn nsoa nnin nan- 
....... I - .. 

• onann hv y2v Si^nn a^^i: pn •j:ir:rS •jnxn 

ansa niirn 
ixapii 1CCS3 iis^ n«-jS fic«an ^nn wk n^rn ^raa ^a ^rl 
i-arn^ crcn m-si ^na^isa cna lan^ n^m isrpn nam onsD ^^sk 
.Inii'pa ana lai^i nai»^ annana matt^ n« 



5 D^mj ^DHQ 

mH^D^n ;ii«DT5i nmnou bb'o ,o^ieio ^ptTpi -ice u 

nuir ninnou c^^i'is e*ic^D ^21 nmipj m-yn oj? /idi tio? 

•r^-i/i— mn nw fpsra .(f^p^u iido p^m wa o-^pir mc^i p^p^n 
nana 't hp)Q r\m ntn tti^tjn innn ;ir ^5?,n^ Kin imoi> *]« 
{•«3 ^3 OKI .n»Dnni niiAi nj?r ^33 en^r po*5ia Kr inD 'r la^iri 
itt^K n*nn noi^ ^3 jn^ir ^ya no* k^ ht mom d'sm 131K* k^ pec 
no^mnnim n^nK irK "d ^3^ Kin pD;i ^iki dSik ;tmootTi xm^o^c 
}»D^ .nanoi ninnn i\D^in nsiis^ n y d hinwnh 133^3 nj?ji ^Kn« 
; KipK n^n'i •niD*?ivi rKi^ mKcn h'ho km irK in3K^o j?i£3^ hyt 
103 c'iKrin o^pSnn rn*r pin m^ ? 13i3K na3 ,piKr3Ki f iw^sK-j 
nrK tKican f J3n r:K^a tk /ii^3? "iirr3 \t ciponi .n^Kn o'^pWijj 
T'^p inaam Sk^^^ /inro o'pDijrn S3 r3i3i .j^n *o* m iS nrnpn" 
;iK n3nan }m3i D*Bnn!? d3S m D"rn 'D'onn in*m {;i^ ^01 iKui 
n^j?i;iS nj?nM *Sir3 ?|ni c|n ^^3 Sp nt nuna niKnoiin ^ib 

2 1 8«gg^ia giuottt e €or region t ttl Le&sico TulmuiJic, 
Dr. RaMi. M. Latt*?g, Torino 1879. 

.(1^79 pmo.r^BK^nra "> 3ina ma^rn o^^an t5«i»^ o*rpm r»npnJ 

'31 'Da o'oipSn *y 3icS oDnona ^33 nrn n33in 3*in or 
' ^ K t? c p r^nora nnSm oj? (Ci"3in n3nKD» iikS K'^in irK tn* ^1 
ir^i Df»scp DSK irK r':^E3*K3 ''3nKS rna3 o*a3inai 0*31 rn&Ka •"u 
rnicDini rnnyn .rrmiin S3 tk p]idkS 3iis -131 13S rni nr^\ n*h 
neKa3 jo^nnS '6 3pr '■>» rvc"S3 iikS Kvrn maSm pSon isd*3 
oSrr irK3i nv xiiK IP i3nBn r^* nrn pSn3i ;piio Tp3 K'onpKJJ 
vryMpn jnK uS r^iinS n'^ae^ it r^K it'ESkS Tin c]TV Vna nattKn 
Kin*3 laK'i mr :]hp nrpoi t]K nrn 11303 ^'prn irK S31 .r/nccin 
•]S*n 2 Knp^ mS 3ipai -*iS *"ia Snjn issiKn r\K ipnSi n'hitnh -m: 

! tt^^DK^ KfiniK^ 

xii3irin /ii^Kr ;iT/> '1313 o^oipS nii 1 n S * *t 3 * j^ 3 1 p (^^ 
•K /n3in ,fKo;'yp3 nri^'SK nro o^cnan ""v '*i3i ;ii3Vn *rw 

•o^iri-rSnn kd'tik /: 
T33 kS nt nini?m pnSKiia pnyS S^rrn yr%T 'i 3in *'y 
m rrS 10) K''3i/i mrs 133 D3aK irK) D'J3iS inro ra 1313 nSur j 
^33 *S*«arnSi pa^S nn 1313 v' d3 ok n:m ,cn:t3fi re3 r\m^ 
O'tt'Srn nan on u'rwn '3r3a n^K ira'3 itrK nnn ^3 ,ii^yn pn5£3 r\¥ 



4 D^mj e]D«0 1 

iniin HM ^Hior 31 "3 .Tip nr^ 5|ix^ ^iki c3 .pnpT3 T*:in m3n^ 
ripn ^3/13^ mD!D3 d: r:'yo or irn onn c*d^3 "ncD "^n:i3 inron 
.nBo^ntninrKryimcDO^ipin'-isDinrran ni^nou wstd^ ^inrm 
TK ^Kiar 31 10^ tt^npn pr^ nrTi nTin3 pcyn 13^d jj. i. 
.DnnD*s*3c^3irnnsi^c b::» n^zhm nnh vn -ir« cpism mcDnn ^3 
*3 T'3«in Tv^ irsr ."782 nSi:i nriM nnrt^ei n^iiv ii2r3 iwr 
^3M3 nsr^ cn3 nr ir«2i D:ity^3i D*^«rrrM ^icc3 *p3- tjjh hm 
nSn J"*''Drr^3 n3nin liirT r« i«'^s* c'3irn oncion oii .('''""[^on 
.rn j3 c«T .(*'ni-!n« m:rj»S tran iip rjn j?T in*3ij?i nn3p rcr 
risrnr p*exn yr i!dd .r!3*3 ncc3 iLiii-uist) m:irS3 'p3 inrn tt^'«n 
:v**cnS «ipi {.13 picvb ^-^M '53 n« iTDim y3i2.i 

vi^:«p S13 np ^^K j^nn kSi niei pi: i^irnD rnn Sj^i 
'I vnD«3 i\7*.xi iiDN m iiDpi npp Son ^Ss "i^o 

nissn n^tt^i ncunn nacnn nisrnr iS-: 'jz bv nhv -3 nn*3 i3tjt 
^h mcr inesn p,« ;<"«'cidi^c3 cji ,p*:n3i ^Math.'-iiuitik) nvna^n 
n3^ii itrpu ^«ir* "ssna d'3i c: iitk 2*3313.1 mn '^3.13 poai *^3^ 
0*3313.1 *3 ^ip i«"3:i.i iir« rs:iir3 t»nii ,n«M .lanai .ipnM /in3 

:(**n!:«3 iT«^ man onicp 0*0* li* i33rp 

inrT3 t::.i fiiaii'yn n3 n« i^S.i* cni3 ^rs v»^w u^2ivn *ibid 
^3^.1 ni31^.in r« llsSS C^rxn D*1CD3 .131.1 .i:.ii .<'" m3i.i ns53n 

Dj nKi33i '(*"D*S«5?2trM 1111 *:3 iri« i«*^2* ir«3 .dSij?.i *r3pi 
ie«i nil .i«: dj .im .ir3 c**po .i«3 .im ie»«3i .d*3i.i v^troi in*tB^o 

(" :in« ^rc3 
anptrn inw ito: irj5 Ni^-tsm pin noan nam ™n' 
/anann ^r y^v Si:inn a^Sn: pn •j:it^^ -pxn 

ansa nnrn 
iaj3p3i icD«3 ii«^ n«3:S c^jCSci ^in wk nitrn itros *3 bv] 

1*3M^ OrCI *n*K1 '.131183 CIO 131^ .iriM 13«p/n -131.1 onsD *^3rK 
.lniSP3 D.1B 131^1 n31»^ DiTl3nD fl1S2tt^ n« 



3 Q^ma c^D»a 

Ki?^«i • (nee^ nK*33 irR> TJjni' iMtr/ia bmin 31 i3it> ^s «)Hi 

eSw ;pnX0 r^K t|Dl* '1 .TH ^3 n«-l3 i^^H 1^33 r*l* fil 'Kir J K^2: 

ir« Ti^n n*ro - •nai«a tio^^ f*« o*3r)3a3 Ta^n **i:dd o Rin pit 

.<*^lAliu Ibrahim! 0^11 3 » 13K ^313?rT rU331 *pn:i'' '1 IttC^t inn 

nm ,(*^vrn3« Si:« n33n th hih '3 ^«iDtr nio d^jm ^n: hm ir» 
13 WD TO31 MTin«r n^cs i» ciu4o— ni rnni r!3ir3 tjj.i "na 
"l^oon Kp'icK pjin nya )« o'iw^3»i '^kd nntia n«iin 'CDn ninK i^ys 
/lU'pi D*£:^ 0*1 'r3 rH' pip rjini /"inSnp3 r»n^ n\Ti cnco^ 
3'nn rj:r3 rjoin' si 1^3^ t;jp1 3n3 ir« nKistn n^ro .mt r\yn nm^| 
(^"o^^ni JID1.T 31 in np TH KMi np3 ^3 pn^3in^ ^313 C1041— j 
inrKo i« T3jno in« hk^ ik .nr pn^* 'i^ nai3n pk mi pcoa djoh 
CK pcDS p DJ unK H'jn inn tvd n'3ipn .iD^nn - .V nr^^n 
p)"rm n:r3 1113 an: n:3 ir« n'jjjnS /nn«) fjor 'i^ /13 n^Ti 
c*om3ii I'r TJXi 13i1ik!? nSr pcSs p pn:^' n nirom .< 101 9— seal, 
D«{> Pior '1 nr« 131 ^p .im«!3 pi3 k^ p 103 - .(*^nrr\ po«n " 

.n**n ^0* *3t^i pinnom "i3t tis 
31 m^n •tn« nir n«o ♦dSp nKn3!? (irj2) 3":rm njr3 S. 3. 
'1 Jir bp TV^ ir»*3 ,n3Dip3 'i^n ^nicr 3i lh^: ,Dn!:»3 p«:t *Tnpo 
xi» rriHTrb \mi p«nnpD n imnonnsi d*«13 Dr«i;i''Kirp p nrs 

•('^^j^irni rwh T^jn mi?ie pr 
no3ni rmxi3 '3 ,ticd3 inn *Si:» vn ^mer 31 ^r rnni^ imo 
irK .(^^MStt^.i iiTD 31 }3 "jijn 31 n* i»p roibp ^^3 d*o pr no^m 
,«£ir«S «nn3mDi kiid ms'r^ ^jikj m^3p) *bi^n iio^n iid n» W3n 
^3£« ^«iQr 31 idS ok in*33 pn: «^i .udd nrio3 oin3 on*m rm 
n''cr;nni:p rpif^^t* ,uoia)i''prm n:r «m i3i /iio nw ip i^n 3i 
3*ptEffn nw2 Dn3i3n '330 i^pn ni3^3 np3 nssDipa p'ni.i dk m »<iu25> 
A^" irr nr^ ntsu mptrnn ojdk irn ,cioij 
1J0T3 i^rtMi nn3 ^njn ^Hior 31 bt^ di hm nnnn nD3n3 id3i 
rrD3n3 nn3 Sian ino hm rrpnpn rnspi ncrn ;ipn*3 03 p -hbd3 
1 3 * • n " H * 1 3 1 1 3 K : Hipi n^3ip3i> 11 n } 3 n 11 n ^ '1 Kin At 
n3»ip^ Kp*iot«3 DRBD i33e^D p'r\vr\ irK j r n *i33.i 012^3 pn:n di r n 



'f 



ns3n3 pinRH m ^dd np^ pari f no p onjoi R^rjn •mon 31 ^'3 
.(^' onjo n'o^/^ ni3irn3 i^^m m:rns "[^'xnb i3i po^^ lopi »pnpin 
n* ^pfin3pncr pnpn jimhd prRin lo'rh zrn^n jrn niirr '1 Ktn 
iJiv/MK tp^ip *H'3 en tnipn ]wh ^ritt? '3 in»3rt3 r:«d irn nrston 
D':iKJri ^'HH 31 unn) ^jcn p ^«ior 31 .nnpc 31D o^pj hm irn i3T 



[•Si •art 13 K'r: n:\zn7^ inn ^ttnoj an ;i^RrrT .rraiin r\i« pKi 
snt ;i'**arri fo i6r rca iis^ni /^« ron^sp *c3i ncc *53^ aw 

iicci D^iJK pH *;3^ rni p«j 3pr 3n ;("t«^ocDK3 ^Kir* 3n:o 

ItrciDl K31*C3 pnS^ CAndaluftien 1100.1 OmTOI Andarus ;)'31M riKipi 

J *^ *K:ne: 3ir «e^c 31 nn^Kr racoK joi pji^h i?i?^h *n ;i'*H34i 
3M pHj nnvD 311 ;!:'33^ i:fiKa *|^n nnn riKt nry '^ik d:ok irn 
•n3«^3i W "^iR) njH:3i nj»D*^Ki (Eivirn* mo^K^ n3Dip m^np^ 

<CiilKtt l» njKDt^pl iFecbina /^mc031 Bacbchatia ri^3ir3 Mip^H l^p.l KM 

/**<Mt*ruia> nilKC^ rStnillR* .T^*3r«1 

oiip h'm ^313 o*n*p3 iicp '53 iM tub i"3«in mij?^ *3 ri«i 
wnfi ??K 0^3 pi «in m n:.i .(*Vmr mno^ "jsrn nro 31 hi3 {of 
rn H^ cW .n3^iin r»i^3p ;nf?tt»^/irni n3*rM *:i«j3 sna c^pn S33 
*331^ i3n3 '3 -UKsnr c':m2n n3i» n»i:3 .f?3i ^30 nnne CDny 
T33n ^Kicr 311 ;mi«nm 0*^13 C3 «'t:€0» 'anjs:^ wrm h'scdk 
Mio prKi ptfi .TH nun ^131 oipo iieo3r^ :in« oipo3 idk* 
rK€!2 niacin 11c hv iskj it '3 n«i: '3 cKi ,t'*Vir3r ly o^Snv 

D'Onp D^:!3t3 d: "3 »M rs» J1«T ^33 .(Pfttriotisnms) V3n' ^P Dlptt fH 

1I11K3" '3 pr 1S8' i3:ir3 r3Kim ; 0/1^3^ ^cs nnm no^3 it»intt»n 

I' p rmrr 'it ;'{*nn p^ix?i o^riCDi riis pny rn pyir tMte^ tspo 

rpn'3 iisD ^reip iHnrn '3 i^r .p«J nnro 31 !?r nn j3 .mp 

i^'^iico ^cDn p3 m:!3ri^ 1133^ 3im^ S3i3*? p tt^iin ;t**oiJini 

iTi T 1 « q i*j?n nn'3 noouni nrjioipn niDD ny p3 §. 2. 

*ann oro r3r\rj nr.i arm .Ueruu riKipa nnico3i '<n"*3i3?3 nor 

f3 rnct^m rjjn ^K^Or 31 m3K prs CIpD ,<*WAugusta Emorita> 

a^^rii' ni^j jot ^h non'm n3 ir« ^Kir' ji^npi .i" n'^K3^K ^iis 
:n3Bip^ nnnoo Tjjn /ii3K ipd3 d*om ni3i3 f« .("oio'^d n^ bv 
yr\i^n nn3P3 irK nt3aj?3 n3Dn nrm nr^ n3Dn nnM n«ijn ^bsi 
itTK crrnn ii3?ri man^nn r\vz *3 pn'^K3^K rnca^o ^J3 d; D33ro 
ni^sn 1^1? 'n3oip rvn dj .('* n*3rr i^:n xikm i^yn nainj iidd3 
♦om ^W3 ,rKi nfi-pD^ jikm W3 n«r)/in .ticp3 D*3ipn wi^o^ 
Ott^ nrtM D^nn^Vi ; ^ ' ^ 3 n^yn^ r^bv "^rK *tr'^rn pni^x n3p 'j^sn 
iHiiM }3i -oner {3 ^Kicn n «^rin n* '^y 11331 n^n33 }3 ^nnni 
p Bn33 M2 -[W '11 nrn 'i ^t Sj? .I'n nif^^ei tnipn ]wb w**!* 
nasro ok nh^nb p» fsf^i ; o^mKi 2vn .mn^ 'i .di3^ p ipm .pno 
a*' 11DD3 nrion ^ij?d 0*31 pmn* n^^K nmn i^pn 
^ nsiKO ns ir i:^ rT3 k^ ^Kistr 31 tjh •3K p)ov 'i miiK 



.u'ni: P|DKO 



.vpHon ^w HKD i:n 

n^ n^an nrn finie&i nil jV'Tia obi: nmib o*«ScnDn o'unpn^ 
mtpjn ^ni nero i^*BnS min i3V jn nrti cfrHTrm 3ii30"ido3 o*n)r 

•73^31 ,^MDfr iTK ^23 113^1 «f^5^ r^tt ^3^ Hiini fsinn *3 1 ; 
|3 133 — DTb ']hnr mpon 'tt^jnh rmn nos DipoS vrn3in K^ni 
niVsna ocpn^i nncon o^iys o'miKn ij^a nSin riK ii:oS nw it| 
•338 13 *n«?Tn nriDi rp fncD i»j? oi»ai cjs n« dj^yh nP3 m^Kt^ ^i 
Smr* *03n t^333i I'y ^r k'3D3k DiSra ':» rini .c^dkoh isk* crt^r" 
ors?r Dm3« nr hv o'nnn nojan mea ^3K moai ; naipa o^iawn 
^x? w» ♦^apnni Kn^o -icrr la^at ,nM ennn niift^a nnst mh nh 
ftn ^31 3?t£>* ^3 c:i Htn nn ,,"703^11 nnirn notK 131 j? ^3 ^^cp' />k? 
/33in in^^« oniatt ^o^an ^'M 

(M:3 nu:n P|Din^ an ra^n n^n ^«iar an psr 

,(*mr n:nD^ diq^oi iv^naiai n** ^p iSj.t iri* D*St^n^i hi^t tii 
n*^K -^ri* m B D p«n ct» rn oi'-^nb t^jj-nn no^An ^aan *D*a 12 
o'3m;n ^tt*3i»C*«*ocDK otr3 ca pioc nn3ir> o*^rn* m^a *i3 tn 
buf jnai KC^m D*naTi \n W7\n jnRn '3air ^«iir' ';a^ rn ^3 rvoj 
RI10 na*c*' p«; m^r is^ an Sro^ p ;^33a ma^r'n ^rKi dj? na^ri 
5|ii ^'R^'n 13 'K^no; aii ;i^TiDoa innr loa in« pi poc trona rii 
♦153101 ino^ria 1031 K'ocok pim oipaa jtojn^ H^afi ^ 
p"c*nr rni» roecK km iicd *:aS ana jirt ^aa ,(NFrankreie)»» 
an n* hv <Luccim) njKO'^K Snp^ 3*rm ASi^cni jin3ia3 1133:11 intii 
cr (Cordova) natsip rr nmn rvrt ximK anai 1^ ms'is rt»a it 
*t*nnrn riRnp rp k'&bdk n pai^ iiri *t*^Kiir oipaa jarn** r* 
^aas on^^R Ra m 'R3iib3 31 *3 iitc nirr ^icr n*n;n n^3p n/iM oj 
'*R?T ai r^rn laa oacK irR A'^'D'Ta^n^ nnn p-^amS ^ii,i n^opa 

Mcfisfiof KiildaoJiim tl, L 




i 




/ 



19 7K*iti*^n nifon nnip^ 

. tKipn) •» y K T *? K D^T-nwDD ^tK rznffi (nym) ^ y « n S k n:D o^i .p y *r 
o^'npinn i*?3^ '^i ^ *? d a n y n„ jvn v""^ ^■^ **"»V^ biD^Hi ^onn *-aio 12:1 
nil iKc ia^ iijT *?Kitc^^ nnfiD niiip::! . '•y n*?K nciii nnoR Sy ddv^^ 
T\D iy HMt^ {'opo^^KiKTiD p 111 |iDipn nDioH niK uSc i^Hon 
I n^D^ So ph \^w nnys£?n n^in rSy aa^S uini onpinn ^ry:i noino nvnz 
WW T]^^ -J p 1 n n y"no3 -i^pn no«o niy n«i^) n^jyoS n? *?y midi irKr 
, niiKHJ {^0^3 . ]:y n%"i3n no^o nnn p id^i . (n^irwi n^Dnc 
,1^ i « 1 D y T *7 K 'DID w) ^D^*?£3n*?H i»ioyM3«;*i33y hnynp^ 
D^3*?TnnnnK oii — '^ootp Sunn ^13 Dy nMtE?D,^Son*?K t*?o 
o^8D"£3 no3i no3 ^iKDp'^pn noHOD iidS*? *?3ii onyoBroS onoi onMi^pya 
DOM p:y3 d: mrin no'ja nn^ai . *?Knr^3 mnsn mnpS 0^133:1 o^Tp^ 
. Tyiyoi pSin i'^Sy pKtr digps) 1313 u*iionp *?y« n^na? D^Kij-jm D''pnvn j^3r 

• i"-vi n^i^ ^3 . ^oy nvp3 pn nrn Dipo3 yi^j*? ^n*73^ n*7Kn onsin ba 
iDifii aiQ '?33 ii3in 3^nnfiS npKi . "»n3K'?D ni*73V ^3 f^KD Vh3 for 
tyni: kS iiyr ^^3 o^jionp onscD \mn3r» nn K^snSi nn« Dip03 'n nrro 
r»nK n3ni3 S3 -aiH bk^t . vmeot Shi8^^ nmp3 o^ts^mi o^npm *>np3 
n*y ij:S vr\^ Dn£3cm Dn3nQn nnm , viso nvioi ^:i<Dpipn 3py^ iinDrr 



i^iinn TD^: «pnn3 aiisoneB 



^3DTt in'**?^ cnn^K 



^ymh B«n wki hk p*?di avian loKtr hd *3 inyii * (aiD on nD*:3 oi^ 
nrn n^nna D'SKirDtt»*n nnv "^'r^- Hint* noK^ oi • ne^nr^ 
BO nanr mnan ^rKic c^sop'pn nanS p-^nnn mn m S*<'*ji 
nvnam nrn *d lanon noK^ ntn pisn =ii03i - oyn j^a ncDrsn: onyV?i 

nyio ere pn rc^a nttcrj o^m^vhd . ^-^asr^nSKr^tfif^ *?r inro 

^ Tnjro ^330 ^a rn2 nSyo^i . p c* o i a sr^x onrya pi lanon ^o^a 

. •^OKcn niD £""» piQ Kim pinKn pioa nionna 

np^ no nKij ?p3a o^Kiipn ^jsS %ijxn ic'k nrn idkoh V"^- P"*^^ 
teu onn^ ^y yH\ Swnr^a nvnan nmpS ^3KDpipn nm naaji 

♦ nurton hdd kSoSi S«nr^ nnSina onpinn orra iSs^tr nw^JK* niaa jpn^ 
nnK rnr nny ny lac^nuf (miyDn ^k^j«) nMK:D*?K nsipan nn^n 
im nny i:*? 3?m:i£^ ^ea — (onvijn iejddS nTt^^nn n^oa) nainrr} j*D*ja 
nt D^cpKn ns K^n K^n nanp inrn mycfnn '►esi . n^an p"in ^aSe^ pro 
•rr Kin nn -K*?DrD in« i^'^d una 'ne? nnrn nan ^:a no^r • D^^o^Qinn 
•ira:n *?ipn„ mis m:oa*7s<n pVe nn^r*? km nanp . umjdi cSiyn nK 
ffo^ nt p'rsS nK-un ^sai . pc^Kin ^K^on iSvk Kipj Kin d:is^ (d^jiVj 
^jao iHK nana mjn • ^jRiuaDK nsion miK inana uSk' nanon 
WW nSKn onsoni • y n ^ n d d nan (r iDt^ y i n '^ b^) d * > n k ji o n 
onm po^ja '^ry nj:S pSD ^^a vn Dnicijn isdd*? nn'^j^yn nKoa my d^kydj 
^K ranrj nKTn nnan or on . Hiajn iK^Dn pya rnan nK np^ 
, t^:KnDTie^) naiHpD*?KS -jsnnj n^iKioSKot onniKDn cnsion 
rnfiDr ^onn '•nanS . tnnpD) n a n 3 d *:< k , (^onn) n^^u^K nMjoSK 
vh rpn 4 nm ny oaS hk nnpinn inr «S ^nnyon '•a?3H„ oe^n nnnin nn 
n^ynp*?K nKip:n nnan nnK iY^pDn p np*?i!?) '•^KDpnpn ^nan ja 10a 

• o'^n^oaGr ox^Kn ^:aD nnH ti^y*? ninsn nn^^n ^sai . (pyiVim pKirpn ^Sya) 
,V>D maw K*7 D^aiyn onsncn ^yki . CDinni o^Dino rn n^nnn ^mn ^nam 
^aKnsDKn ^o^yoaK mnx . f dki: bvK dj ns^ipo ipD^ ni niayai 
rnnK> ^iKHDnns') • mob n^y^aern nwon j*pa n'^n y:^nw ^jKOpipn nano moVi 
vh Kin naa: cjdk nn , n^er o^rnn iny*? niyea i:dt hk wn^ p«ii 
b: ^a yni3 nnyi . ""cd id*? ^di iS onip n^n py iK py*? kvt anp dk nynV 
onai Sap p y ^a nana pso j^ki • p y S onp hm j k a 1 1 ^ ^o^y^iaK tdSi 
jviao *a nsa^ y^hw nanam . inK oipoa n^axn'? HirK ne'Ka on^aro nam 



17 



bKit^^a mnan nnip? 



inro 'Ji^ . mv? nsiK r*«:i ni!:n r6n n^nc^ n^iro Kna^yi pff (izn!3rr 

nn f-^K) S K 3 : nriD ^arvD nrND nr loh hm^d ^3 k-odjt '^atrro -tn» 
D^-van !nn*?i K^vonS ca-n nt S lO J '»jk ^a n2?£i« -^a-t inn • [n^:it2"pn 
Vine^m ntn njnn nK oDist* prKnn n\i n m 8^ d d^js *?d Syi • onyno 
Di^D nviib T"V' nv;i3trn ;in ^a lom n^n win . ,inrD«S mnsir K^an^ 

'^w y;t2h TOi . ^sr^cnn Dva tdh Jin'? n^iro nix ncsn yn hk • ta'**"^P^ 
ova ncKin *'iiniK' nar„ orn dh r"£5* p ^a , nat^n ova on^ssan oi^ 
.Titro n^n o-E^in ^tt'Ki n*y'2p f jya • n ^ i sa n a r km inxninr o^iisan 
na^pn ^a n^Tn injn • D^:ain ^:nJDa na nitryS tny^o *33*7 pr'i ps^oo 
nSiy ainan hk ina nt nayai , rnpon n^aa nnojt nn^ nats'a ni:anpi\ 
joT 7'i^cf onip ]a^pn nn lanp^ip loi*? n^i , i n a k^ ^ loa i n a «» a na 
p|^Dv) n; 's*? KVD31 , a"»VD nKsS nSfinn nya mjsS mv n m » o • nac 
0'*mT'7 onmn« m nnm i-i:iDai ontoa o^iatrn ^a (^JHOpipn 

"•aa^ya .nms^D*? Kip* *?ci^'Ka '•onn 
oiin^ , S K a : nriLiH os^ hki - p a S y a Tpn 
nac^a "D^aintn ivy^, hk ^nn n'^rro *a '•Din K^a^ nyt • ^Sb o» hm i^K3 
nK ico ■•SiK 7t£^r\n nya anyo*? rjD hk nnnn^ n^wn n\i£v nm • a^o on 
na-vpn nnKi . (rr'a f)i Kina Kaa) a-^yoa nj^aE^nis? no^m ^^31 *?y io^ 
pvh ii^T\ laaj "an nn pyn nin o^p n^ ripon n^a«p jota nara moaipn 

. nuanpn oipoa \n\ff r\^h^:nn 

• ^ODipbK Kipm ^jKiOKn'?K ^K'»3i miK ian::n -^ar n^ pnB2 
nSnjn mnjsnn Sy rSy piKiim ('« pisa) n^yoS '^jKop'^pn lai laa vn 
no . mn *rjya ^ac^a vnnti^nh yn^ff idh *?K-2n ^a , ick^ ns d:i . py] 
ly^n '?Kic'* *3a Sa n»a i:*DK^e? -j-n *?y o^aKSon niK^voa i^okh k^ m 
o»n linyi*?! • o^K'^ajn loa 'no o^Srjn man '•*?yai d^-'h o^kyo: 
103 . vni^iyD n« di* bv hys^^ 'ntr onain bv m? d ^ a h *? o i •] « *? i 
10K naiKnoi . wr^n oi riK n'?''aKa idk wn » nonai nm , |3yn , m 
]D jnnKn p*7na] nS^^a r'nrn^ -ipk o3 • omora onar^n o^ro nyaiK 
jDD DJ na-nj oT'^i^^n hkoio ^a ^dki . n*?Dnn tot innn* Sa*? [i nh^h 
. niYoa ca-^^n nSyoi n:r omt^y po pn *a idk Kintr uoo i^dd^i . nu 
p>b-in*?j nse^a o^jain Duni:itt^ loa un npSina onyion mS^^a jvu^ nr 
1^ 13 d2 i^i 



^iawD n^ Kin *a noKM . 
"onnn ^ajcv,, niyt:^ 'oin 



pi TDT^ *7i:Djpit3 ^Dini • minn ^crn^ea n^i^i nr^« i:r 03i nam 
• nciKO i^^r wS rar 'zn i^t *?3?i n-nna SnyDK*^ nwnou 

»iiiiBfftSn ^DiD ntnan nco nr^H nytp^ lantin i3T jd pica 
*nizjr*?H *:^Kyoir^i ^i^Kinj ]^c*;3 ^o'* ^1102 n^n ono juthti .^Soi*?** iVp^ 
► ^o^'teh*?** I « n y ' 1 d k ^^^:22 niii fy'nQ*7 n^y^rnn nnon n^mt^ y^v^] 
mna nn 10^ ciri H'^^ro^M^ n^y H^1tp o^Scna ]^2tb i^m iki:m iS^j K^n 

p^ D';:i o^-rna ^3 j?it: pi , im no^r nnn invD isd ana h*? h%i 
w iDKi * ynr*? prm ora n'lyiarn ^n m jin"? a^^n Sro^ p . D^:ain 
*a 'laay^H Snyci"^ njnS o^acn Kin • rT'*7Hn nS^axi inin« nai vhk na 
. rin tTKi':' Kinn dim 12 nn arn «*n oSijt . i^ion jo mrr rinn rm 
^iran nVa« nriMa n:Dp nianoi [^aSa*?»] '^^S nion^Dn ni*?«rS mairn anD 
[•2Dn D'^iai nsraa^ pi nu *?Kir*pita nSoi tj?d .t.hc^ i^O ^^'i'*^ 
raerji c^ipon n^a Dipoa iDy *a neo* vDnn . '•d^SshSk iHioi;*ia*t op 
po (^jj*cp^pn lOK^) o:cK inti • o^Si^m lanpn ntn n^aa nMtr naton *?y 
pa wipji lanon na^a n *? d 1 i^pa ny ikyd: iny^o ^lan • jnKn-oyi 1^ 

-n^aSD^K m h^Sdi*?*! 
nri« pB^ ^a yi: ^;Ki£yT*7K (^d''*?s»i*?k laS) pDyoa« *:r viwao 
naiaon Dipoa ik , Disa j k 1 q n i^yn htn i « 1 £3 y i Kipan oipoa 
n^ycip ^opS) lypDPEJ rran noK kSS d^hSi * imja Tyn na^pa n^^Kiayr 
n« (201 i^oy D'Kipn nr^h^^h nipa lan'^DDW npS i3DDi , ra itoy 
infitfct oSiyo ana: nSr ]«nscK Tyn nu *?y la Hipj ^a idki ^infitHSK 
'n^nr niD'o pr '^y "n ^ : « 1 s y t *? k,, nKip:n n^Wo^s*' nna p o) hkvoji 
rnatPK npnynai es— ei ney '« pSn ^^Knomjr ) mars^ mDipon ^:ro inno 
«DaB^ ^jKDpipn ''laio wdS a^jti • (»3— 02 iioy 'k p*?n iyppnai*«Kn*? 
idm: Dtri DiTKp'^ipa D^'rsn Tya *:kic^^d n*?ni my nn^ i'^no^ n^^rnn 
rn m^KK^ 1;: lan:^^ i:S o^yiunD prnin mn ntn 'o^Ssnm , nrin nna 
:*?D *«ipm \\H^ ^j£n p Snior an ]iK:i nnyo ai ii:i: lana vnm , ^3*?an 
]«Jii^tt? ^i£D , iran nS^aK in^ n^n aina*? ^D^Sfsnn ^l^ln^ , onin ]a 

• (a"' pisa 7)hv^h nni) n*?iaa its^an n'j^an 
I'pniK n^v a^HjSae^Ka^Din'^yK o^-^ai aia^y Kvoi ^Som i V 9 nnw 
f^ij^inn r\nr\^ ^ripon n'^aa yac^: jKioyoawr ryn ni tVos^ idk** 'a 
- 184 'y p"S lypcrs iiy nnii * iMitn niiK nnM nyiatrn ^a or idk' 
[p n*?ij3inni ^niiinn n» arn ]jy --a hhsd yait^nS nt i*7d imi d*7ik) 
iTi^ HT T *j tt? 't^'^pD ^aiyn ission ana myMi , nS'^aatS omoKn n^ciyn 
W3a OH Kin ivM p&oa pS , p y nnt< n:» nnoa ^ noKai , p y ToSn 
[iDip* OMon n^nn nya *a iroKn n ^ a S S k nnan ^;ac' M^ipo *ian on 
srn . ripn onao OMon n^nnS nrKi w^anc^ o^mHn onw pi n^nnf? 

1 ma 11 lai r^K 



h^h pw HDi nsni a:3n K*fc* n^^nnDn cj< 3inDn icKon '3 inyn • ^dhS 
n*« nnn »h 5j:nfi^ jsi^i na^^ins ik onp pro Dpjn hm d« ei« n^n^» 3pJ 
e?^«t ^r i3yS w 3inDn ]nD* v^iik *rK liy tjdh k*? mbcs ^2 "^dki • 3pin 

'♦^ wii • n^M n^«-i ^fi 7j? ntrni p^3 cnn ^crKni [D>:3nn *?r] jutrnn "£)*> 
— oSijrn r« rnxi CMvnin ■:3 nK 'n k*.3 it H*tr H-i3:n "S7Gn nnK 



i:yT ■ 



;rj* ^".nKi-o pn£33) n^iKJD ^J3 nn nnM riKir n^'ci? irK-i ^03 

K^ n«?n nnsn '^H^ra a^'.fso nrw d^k^'d: vn *:>«Dp*ipn ^0*3 W ^^ 

n-'.yrrt nwi • anyi:: pnnni nSxn c^enn hk s^p n:iNn:n ]'C'33 ok 



(oiii*?l «^3^n 'r^'rn n^^s^ m:D3^Kn ii'r^s nrtt'3 o^^S^nn*? n^i8::2*"K3 n:ii3n 
*f»*:3i ]i^^3 r.;n ;^32^ Dn^n -lin H* f^*?"^^ ^'^"^^ *^-'' * n*7ynS Myvn n33 
n£D n^ H* — n^iHnin Sk jiS^s nD*r ny^:n ]eiK zvh hv o: ri: nnp 
. o^'^sh KH *rp3 kS ri3-i nK p^:3 ono nn£c*S Di2^n nns<i • q''ni<:sn 
nSy3 noc3 nmK ds^S 3''^n n*7y3 ^nH\t iT^rnnK?^ nnsir'7 inin: ^3 *»oki cki 
riKcjc n^:yJ3 nnsrS njTon ^*7?h\ ? -id^d*? «3^",vi «ni3"i ^hd — d^:3 kSs 
UK n«t£^*? iicj<n iiKi , n'^r3 nrK 103 nmK 03^? T^n vnwr hm nm n3"\V 
. (m3in3 'DD) iioSn3 0^:31,1 hw nph nsn np;*© 

n*>SK3 ovynD^K ^^*?3n ^a^3 ^n nr Si*yDtt'^ . ('"i33J?^*< k'?^ vi:3 xvi p) 
]iy;rS r.Gi3 (n3non idkm *7i<yDt!'^ ^nsi 3n . (:"nnb 842 n^c? ny 88I ruro) 
n4<? ^331 , v*?y pnv im« ycrr o^:i3:nQ ^0 ^31 mm 
nsi ny3 «^^k3 irynSi ineD3 1 3 y hk nitsS *r.ntrm 



'7y3 HM 



fiy3 ^3 n£o» vSjr 

^ K n c^ ^ 3 3 \ i ii3p by 3in3S iny^o ^33*7 mv inib or 3rp ^3 r-^mc? 
^S3 KnpS ni3nnD o loH} 3M3i npn nn hn2 nt *?8yctt*^ . "i^trnei 
m^03 viyi*:> '•3 mm • n\h i^:r\nn im i3t i3DD nsD^ nt nmySi . 3%'n3n 
-vDH^i SrD^ ]3 . (on£3io ^3ipn) nn« ]EiK3 D^3in3 TH nVnn32? Dn3i ni%i3 
, "m irn H *i i D 1 p,, : Ty 3in3 n^n n3iir«n3 ^3 ^dk , vnn *?3n 7k f p 
ni*?ipn ^3 — "mSpn nn c^yoic^ 3in3 rrrr ^nyi'? , niSipn dk d'^kii nyn *?3i 
incK^ D^ircrn o:Ef t^jxcpip idh^) 7\hyt2h i:ijn 1331 * lycc*^. dh ^3 i»i! kV 
n»t iS3« bi<"ie'^ ^-331 3in33 *3 ny nnm * DmD '7KyDtt»^ hh? yD&' ^71x1 , p 
•;iy K^nn nys *3 , 1 *? 3 »t ^ nvnh yi"^ i b 3 k -ben nnn . n:u D"'y3*K pn ^ 
vni33i r33 rs3 *r3 3ir3n nnn ^3 3iE'n p id3> . n:tr D^y3iK i*?3» »V 
inyiSi . "0^:6!^; o'^c"*?^,, 3^n3 n^n no«3i , ision mya Kin ^^es?'?^ o^r'rr^ 
,p-ipn n3ipn> nnrKi n*?!:n Vnnn n» ptD^iSion nyo Vnn^ rim tcm 
0*"O3n ir3nK? no n3ef3 h\2t^h T-n Hin.rr:2*n *<i3 p6 3rp Kin dk ^^y' 
nar3 ]*?'Kno isapic^ nn^sm rK3 on^ifn i k : 3 1 « 3 n ns 103 n3tt'n ora 
-£103 ^3 nr Sy i^yji . nS-^ icsnn n-'^rns t*yr: cn^n iiyi , n6 ncnsi 




14 

*^*t lOTTD n'j'ya nino^ nrsK k*? -jz^^n , n^o^j ^^nai k*3k ^%m .td^j 

n^ • Kin «c:2 w*7 D^*7ini dt p^cen inn nnm kot *?3 is? \i in» irsr nru 
131 THDi jrnt nD2» n«DD ]i.Ti-in lee^o nh^n • S'^ kSi n*?r2: nh in^ ^ero 

n?D -mj 'n mvisi/c'^n,, p h^.tj: "D^Sins,, n^snir eisre nsn*? sitTiT 

jranwn en Dntt» -'.ci'? ntrex ^« ^:«cp".pno n*; n2?3C^ V2si ^sn ::i (i 
an\ T\:^^2r^ nx".:,-! ^sri , pr^ en*? cnp '•jscp^pn ^d , ii3 ^sn aii «T-ir 31 
njTBf) "imrx:*? DTp m^-i D^:tr m;32 j-^n n\-i{r nn in -^e p ii«3 '•kh 
Dnaii p cr 1*? ,Tn n-yrnn ^sti • (y'o -ler 's pbr. nx^3 p ^"^d nns» 
rinn-cnp rnx ins -".sxa i:i::c Hl^^ -231 • nv^n ••>2 c^iv^'n D''«"ipn Djr 
'M r.Dx D«i .(148—151 -ncy* ivprrs^ nr:iaTp ^t2ip*?) n^K""pn n:3 ^nJm 
anrn^ ip\-i;*n '•bix j 3 >• h^ nivcn -£D3 ^kh 3-1 pcynnir D*s-pn nyiee^ 
Dipon K^nnr -^.NV2rCN*?« 2Hr\22 n^r^n ^^y^ • m:in 1^3 v^m *?M^i r^y 

B'*? '£3) r.rcc '•r^ cip:::^ T.yi . (r/'p mcy 'n p^n) c^i^'k^^ I'^-rtn ^■^1pn 
nriK 1DK ]:y d^i«„ : n?2 ^:»xcp-pn -.sx'^ (? n^rr,'^ '•ini nniisn :"^ neKca 
icKtP ^o "an ^y ^Kr "tivsD np'rtr nc «ini • m^nn r:r.3 ^:f2a irsor no n? 

. ''bx-^.tr^ bxK im':"i D*-o:n *?v« m3j;ni 
^» yinb Yiva* : insT,ntr n^nnn ir-^e': Miirn nb*an nns ".aNon (n 
nnM py nyi ^^ ^n-ytri , (nSyc*? nnp: oy eirn,]t<n2) nb^M D^snn 
nrtn , igwsd iT:jp Sx-itt''^ ^:3 n« ^o a^e*^ en 'n yr^T) iin^n n« ^nsS 
tTKipn oai , ny^nsn 2vn 'i:ct2 no^ (y'^p ^in nrir n:D::) D^:2-in -ir%^ 
. o irpna (nS^o r.n'o "in^'rK-nmK^,, ^i:^m h^^ki "py;^-" isncip'^a pn« 
I K n 3 ni")en3 i:-ir;2? n^niyn nScn r.K kvd: k? '•3 ^:Tjrn jm ]nK3n D7ik 
1 3 y mra ^3 nai*? nirnno ni ni3>3i • (n3p: «n3) n : k n 3 Ten d« ^3 
crown nS^cn en ny3 -'.lYy*? oitsiecb 0:1 (peri j^*o) ji03i n'':*reD^KS nn\n 
inynS mpn py nn« D''-'.3in -'.n^i • ('3 n:rD d"^ pis). n3tt^ n:re3 

• t^ nivon i£CD Miiinc3 
ini3n K13 viyi '•s*: ^3 ioh^i ^liwn:':^ p^^so i3non 131'^ t pTS2 
nwyi D"K^33n n« nSa* Kim oSiyn nw iv^ Kin nin iKSoni inK ik'to 
xmi D*?iyn r.K xii^n Kin Kin c:i . o^tasrei o-pn pai oMsiem rnniKn 
Tvm 3in3n n3i '•3 it:Ki • nn£{r3 :ini: Di3^n ^3 K^n ^nyn , |WKin Kii3n 

TDn DK O 1133 i:rK Dlip 1*713 DK SJK n3inKn ]3 ^3 nK'':^^ 11331 pn 

Dm les Kin pi dk . nnmxn p rnK i*?i: dk ^jk nuiirn p? »"- T^.^33n' 



u 



nircn *T^iip^ 



mnDDDHD mHipon >c?m3 incra ni^ * i^nhnn nn n\prh ruTn itojo *?: 
i^vKi-iiD^nn ^*?p3 D^«-)n no'e?^ nt2?H S^nn nvpa im o^rii ni^Sn nai^ 
51 nan noK^ nnain^ py ^a? nivon leoo moipo nrn Ko;nb 

^3 mo[^ n^rpi jryjn nona*? n*? ot5<i!' ^hi rcnon p mo^ ^^i ii 

jTW n^ j^tnnrn ntro hv h^'H o^ap r.?^D xn^m ncnn *?j; ik*?i [nyni] tfy 
. ^^5Hn ntrj< nonan nw [h^]h npi nnp'^i* nap: |ie?*?3 nonDn , D^»p nn^'C ^ 

^d: nV3«Si K^ct:D kS ^di'* n^:on n- H".m in , « n n^a ^m , n o n 3 
• Hy^iD nhi nt:ir^ kS^x h^'^nb f) nsr k^i , Knts^ k*j 

'n ra nrnS n^n^r nonsn St:^ 'n hikd nnsinm ,-idt mn 

, ^:kcd — ] 'JDD ^3n^ ]n*7 ^iD Hpi HSTf '•viSm H^on nvSni kd«i (2 

, Krt*? . pnS (noTOi niK^ar , ^^di Hpi -] ^Dip «pi ]^7[b KsSr kS ^5iij\ 
S3K pnS pnSr «^ HTim piKm ^=1 'Js:i pnS f n'rri nmnS n^SnS Km 
m*?K Stt': ^3 3'n3i B]'Se^ ^d: ^snj iS^ssh ^Sj;: *?^ [-\:2Kn :3] acm nyn 
y^ c|^Snro *?y3 n^*?i3 *?3?:i ^ ^ih ks^de^o irsi n':i3 rsii *r*^ no , wui 
^jcoi "i^n^ pr^3 iSr ^ya i*?y3 nv*?nt kdk ^3 , nSi3 «3-ni ]'^3i 
-I?5?:i oai 3%n3i in ji!^S3 ^S:n hvn ^bv^ »3n s'-nsi , pn*? KsSri Kn inmn*^ 
ptt^s iTiDKi o^Kp K3T1 *?;•! DHm ^Spj HO , iH pts^Ss i*7:i *7yt3 nn73 Kb 
^3113 ^\hrn kSi in pcSa nnoKi o^Kp ^:dc innnn Sy *?p3 [^Kn] *^n ^iK , in 
«]iS8^D*? K3n pr*73 ^*?Jl Syo -|Sp: sns Se^ nn3 *?3k . prnsi K3^n ^3 

. n^:Do nn3 iTsniJ, 
ittfK p^bmi , n:hn7i rnS vmn3in3 p p Sa? i3n nKia ns qjj 
pr*? i"^3 p) niKponsn nv^bn pip^ (*?r:) 'jt^ p3i (- S n p3 p*?n* 
• |omv3 -iro iniD'^r hk uS hki^ — ni pjpa 0^311 Tn* 
wS D^*?in3 Dm , nSp3 h*?i km k*? n^3 kddo kS iT'?Tn3 oi 7\b)r\^y (t 

.3ir KOK ^K1 HDl 3tt 3lt' KOK Kp , HQI 31T 3ir ^3 nrKI 3*n3n KH KD&" 

n«rK3 ^i:r30 Kpi Di (^Km) ^^n ipniM*? 3it 3n3 ^fiD k^k , n^S ^io nn noi 
K0!9 w"? (Kin) na^D 3*m inn t&i 01 kd^k . Kin nyn 3^m inm 
*K^n n^K jD 3TD*? mm oi wb •'Mi , Kn Kca mb U'b^n2 01 ■|3*?m.kvi 
.iKn KM , Knn] Hnn K^jn n^*7ri3 qi p^o£5i3 njie^Ki nK^3 in3 i^k] ik *?3k 
np Kpi ' p^3p onn [^D^^i KJDO pvD D^*7\n3 on . mj nV ui oi [ir:i 
-onn o^D7n ''its's rrn^K o'*?vi3 dii *\b o^n Kp ''o*?n^ pirbs "o^^^ms,, r 



4 







:«it?*a ninan nnip^ 

p 's^r^ 'jai \:y rrssa onsty Er*>ann on ^hH^ — * *Kr (crc) 

, ^^n kSr wtra pK., : m *?xf idki Sp i3i natra nnrS rnn Kin • onS 

^ vi;ra ^3 larn m^ts^nn nr« n^ni * Co 't xios) '*wBf^ ^inaa 3*n3i 

i*iai o©ro (^ijtcp^pn idh^) dS)k . vrn^ Sj; i*e?^ K*?e^ n^sn ^t^a KWisn 

hMP *e ^3 "^cKi • ■» ^ n H^pin inro Dp::n *?*?£jnn^ p y mvi . nT2 n«n: kS 

rcn *?3« i^K3 Kin nn [omytpo kSi] o^tDno nvo ncen ^ty np:3K»3 

w:3 -Vcn nya ronrn^ nw , tik ^Sd3 k*?i D^neDon n^^-D mw o'-^pS 

lji:*trt3^K ^£ Sorno^ jk^,, : n*anpa ? o^Dnn ^3C^ inn*? : w] inirs nrteo 

nr7 K'rr *o ^s inyi ^£j^ . onuK pr op in^a n:E3pT n^in; ["inra pnpns 

rinS iry ihk era '?io*? n^^m , ho nh ^h^H2 mn m pSkh oninn p inK 

ri'iDr^ msiS narnr , nnirr m navy *?p nSspen nrnm • ihk dv3 K*ri 

Irin^ Dnrj?i nyniK ora aoten nn rpa^ a^'^m , r-^n*? ''j^db^ ova nit: 

p*ai cE'soi * •iiayn n:r2 iniK pajnstr tnnn mn taar rin mpibt i nztr 

Tna* iny^o ^ja c*7ix . a^n p nSr irnn ^Kiri Tnn Kin *a nn-ii 

It v2Hh i^K DK vaK nrK na *kwi n^nni , [dkt bap*? iiKt:-] n*?n3 nnna 

j^n'^ , n"* Hy\) nrr^HK Sk nts^^i a'unan nKn'in ^a Kin tnyii . nKT intfKO 

T^) '^inoa an pn^ ^di ainan mynro o icki • "nninK nai hc^k,, km 

1 nivi • nKtsts: «*? ''nnrica ntrna,, atn piT ck ]aSi , Kpm km ('n , v'o 

tivib a^M\ . jvD c*inS Dnc*;n nc^St* nj; p^: nnS *^y nsr*?tr ]d dv O'paty 

iif'oe^n "^DKi * (amsn) n'7:Dn ^o' *3t£f riKi , ttnm rnn hx ^y^arn orn nK 

OKI , njni';* o^rin ne?*75r nnK mn n^K *7j? kuS iok^ , ova naon 

^ipy r\r^ Qv Kintr ptrK^n ovS ^y\*27\ hk nm nara ]D^;a nsry n^^i^n oi^ 

, re: SaS:a ;^cKn km ^a i300 nson • 'lai 'iai ma>Dn 3na nry p) 

• *7iiS:a irDK^c vnupya o'aSnno o^tr^K irKi naai • n»a ibd lan 

ison n?o H'\T^ iHK Qipoa on^Sy nairnm , SuSia ©"^'OKsn nnK naTJ 

mtK ns 7nKnb hD)H nh nn ivpn ncKaa Man'ro ^JiS 
.nt p:ya nn^p m-iyn nrK TyK pi .D'^Kipn na nno^nni j j y 
IwDip^ D^S^apD "mn pya n^a odkh hk hSj Kinvt^^Kop^pn ^'sai (k 
-noKn^D pSn n7i kmo^ D^p-nin na iD^o p'^iv nnK nSynS idhst no 
iy yn:r ^^cav) poip nnvn ^Kipn ns'on ""a niK^S i:S km naaj didk mit 
riSap iroa raKMK? no n^v n\ hv icKai on^ra naa^i "»p' "^nrn o: km 
l|w aoM yr mn mna tat *?y nanon (^JKDpnpn nK pn ] : y Svk Tar^ 
L '1 pTisS niyna n^^yo'? nm naa %"nai iCKa o^K-'.pm o^-^nvn p Kvo^n ohm 
ffinwD p I inoK^ta niaa n^y^ noKa o^Jann nana MiK^a *?y (a 
KumoJ annMi^onyi*? ona n::n-:r omKopi D'^jam nyn inK ona no^ti* 
[e^'iin D'y^nn SaS ncKir^ : n^K onana py nK nKna n-iyiE'n Sk ySp 
«3t ii^^^rDnD^rnoa^nG^yK nKi mo^ni njro ^nan ia?y ^nnK 



. K'3? n'S ijT 'm pSn pw3 cTflj? 2^ '(■'D (1 



II 



^KTi^^a mnon nnw^ 



* pit 1 ^ « vy^^h mp^n I K a n 1 ^ nnsr: id'^od •oriDn ^;an^ a*^ pn£2 
Kin0 vo^v ^V ]2 03 noKi ^o^y-^^K T:!2^n n^n Kin . (idj? jky n« n57nn> 

nS^D« o^:K:tvn noH jd D^:iD'rrr i03 . Dn^'?» :aw^ nip ^d onpo vm nD 

• 13^3 ^3tS pi KM CJQK1 nin |D)a n*?:33 onyiot 
*:»nDnnr laiDH • n^Kn onsin hk jKinr nnn kyoj D^^riirn nnsosi 
Kin mn *o ici*? j'ck-^ji iyppr£3 iD^*?n^ ni ^s *?yi , m^n^' n^ iDtc ^d nsK^ 
niyirn pn km nny ny'^i , ''V^rn nro '•Kipnci y'^^Kinc iztjn ••dish mw 
^^K rnnis'i (nynn) ^ y k i Vk jkjiv b^ Mj^n , nnsim n-'Kn nio^ n*? pK» 
'Ml 'in niK is*7nn^ *7pJ3 n^^sny nn-nas dji • Kiipn) ^ y k i S k ntn isnon 
*iKDpipnD idSi , *?n:i pi:i lyporfi n33 ntn rcttM bv oii . (.T-i:jyD i03 
p 1*? iKip** 1137 my HK nyn hm ^^ *?y nt '♦i:^^ Kip: ^d riT£53 icK^af 
Kint* B^ifi*? *7n: pmii ^ik5ki 'n n^Sj^K*? nso D^inon d:^: D^nSv) ^:>Ta*?K 

, (HDIKD VlJSl JKilVa yT kS Kll D^CKl , •• J ^ 1 C? IK '^ y ^ 1 ^ *?y 2010 

»y^ n^DV n; oai , "] ^ *? o a n y 1 1 *?inn y\^ "b Kip^r *?id2?k2 * o n n i 
iKvo: niira ^3 arn ;Kairsr ^^Knbnne^ iSD^ ny / y k n S k kSi ^ y k i S x 
bb^ *?VK niEsrsnon niE^inni ni^iiDn ]n ni:is!*D nvjiVMi nro^^a ni:io 
, DiKH ^::i ni3^Dn Sk m m:i:jn minrn |'»:ya omnM p 1153 d} . Qni,Tn 
bv t&*3^yi n:t5^S Kin ^iki ni niDysri ts*?nis niMn "ryn*? DiKn hk ats-m 
*:5i K^jr^D HM iDtrtr )K3ir *:t:' itdSid p d; i£d^ "jKnonne^ . rni*?iyfi 
n^icKi m3 rniyi . (o^iKDricnj n '« 3 k 2 tri d *? k idc? *?y D^Kip3 rn vuf^o 
1^3 hdhSd^ hkv^ irjn^ ^:n Sk niv km nbi^ , jk3T'' lan niyi*? nion vn 
*VTr^bro nry nytt^n oy in^a km jin; d'^s^ d 1 p Tyn ni^'3D2i , onnj3nD 
^33 Sk m*:?? K^23 nM km '^^i idhd .ikid^s mn D^^K^rs^ion nraD nrK 
^D^y'i3K ^3 n'ryoS i3*ki 1531 , *?Kir^ ^320 12^ dmhk w^nvb) SKycssn 
nnM K\n ^3 yni: •D3T • nKtn nyin hk K^ven km ]K3nr Sb» 121 n^ner 

. rnupys D'^sHini j 3 y ^ d3 ioid td^*? 

KM1 *7Kir^a nDDiiso nniM nrDn iwo j 3 y d iDnon lan^ j^ pifia 
fl^^sn joD ni*73 rKi 1 3 y k3 |K3iv nnK : oniiK man n*?Ki . o'xnpn 
KM • mn '^y^v^ nSs nDKn nK n'ra kvti , (i n 1 ^ 3 d S k 1 d y 3 • 11 i 
^3 nsDi . inc3n by jyitsn r^K dhd n\n k*?! , 0^33-n Mj:KDa ikd ^pa rr 
iKYQ vh) nM2y^ HTiKQ 1 3 y W iiBD nK iD3in V3K1 ^ ^ K n na^^M m 
nSnn3 lyT kS on^i ^sro pii . D^33in '•lOKoa ^^^pt> yii3 K*?r -i3i 
ihn I iKi yitsr yiM p p*7ne^ nosi iissn niiK idkc* nD3 : di^d 
31] Dn^3r lyn^ Hb^ . o^iin p3 ynT3e? yntn 1^31 Skib^^3 [13dd idk ni3yn3i| 
Di3in3 T'Oib upon hk ikitd p nnK dSik , nK» ] 3 y np*? i^kd [r3Ki ^1 



• r^vah 775 raw ly 764 nsro ^*o ^1 



"Knfc**a nran nnip? ^ 

%2 in^srir o^k^s:*? d^dkh io'd Tono nm nvun yitr^ hh 3tt'n ^o^po^k 
DP 'jH-^pSKi ov'^v^jKiu^,, n£D3 «np*? inn3 *:3*? nw invo aph ono idk 
I HK iicc?" OKSo«n '•^j?^^ Dnr:n dk mn sia •]« ^:) idk dj . DtTe^n^s 
ar) nKT o)i , niiAi niYo nK ^^Drb omn^*? Kin msne^ io3 on^nnin 
nHDi3 miD n^n »*? dk ^2 , '^dvj^ Mitt*? *d^37'13k nrjr (n^non 

. pvi n:p 
M3H hfff list niyjsn noK^ ^jKronn^tf ifi^on ""^ I'^ynS ^iki naitrn-ui 

lay c)^S3n ^d^3 nt pt onp njr o^rtsru n^n nDK^nniYJO^H dk^p 
sr 2itp^B^ T''v*i3K nnK p^n nuKi d^^d-^h n:ii p d; o^ei: ntbi • t S o S « 
hr uDT ->nK^ {'ttK-ij \bn '^nnuTi^ myD2i , 'tktos^'' hidSd n'?nn:j i:o? 
'•:5 , vinK IK p r omp n^n dk i:ot nj?n*? Kin 13^5 d:ck^ . ni nrOiT 
►c^jroiK iD'-rDn D^^Ksror'^m D^nyi:n m no^D bvonap^n miKr \in3K 
^sna rrn noKaic' pij npo) ,pyD nt nph ^n^v-ywn? iDrn nnj? t;i . pri 

. 17 Diipn ^D^y-'OK 1-na nn ^Sn ]jye^ 
-^fiitjn . m 'D^yosK nnK mrT nrK nip kvdj g^^aiyn onfjion *nfK 
o '^ n S K • 1 ^ s '. p Dtrm 3pr p pnic^ n^n ^oYpn lor o noK'^ ^^Kno^ntt^ 
^'^KHD'^n^ iDK^ ny • "^csk nii , nia^ ^i:a pn n%n (n^naij? ^ oMSK^inip) 
^Kiia nt D3DK • (y^r kSi) ora o^oys rrvv hhsunnh niv ^d'^posk *a 
*:Kcp'pn nan*? ^3 d; nm , n^K-;*? K^'^nip (^^nSbn ova patr ) ainan p nKi^a 
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renbt rrn^D nns ^a no^K DrrSp n*7£j ncr Dpuna oSik • vn^no a^DDO 
p nnKi • 2n op dhd n^m ona nsm dh^hk kit tiii tki . iihk lac^i 
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. ^1 n^pa n*:B^0Dn niKSY op onS:jr3 vipjki Kin p nnK :Tpr 

sfon K^ai Kine^ loyp *?p idk ^^p-iaK ^a -»£d^ ■':it3*?k ^anpn ision 
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. t'oi 'a nw ft a^K or) n^rD*? lovp hk arn Km *ai 



7Kn&**3 mron nnip"^ 

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oni nmov n'^nnn o^'iviinr mn yiT ^3 * dhd inpS onvui ^o hokJ 
. Kni:o2bx ^i20 mam p*?^£3 nD^s? ^bS d ni ^ n 1313 nam ypovnn \ 

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. ^ipon t6^ 3%i3 nn pien d*:b So Syi . onn«i ('id nivon 'oa) innoo j 
. o^33in op ^m3i3 '11 ': pi£2 nSpoS Kin psin loipoi fl 
n^iD'^p'^K IK n m D " V ^ >* nKipM :^r\2n io'^og ^JKcpipn leo'* fc«^ pi£3 " 

,(rnoS 705 n:r 11? esr> n:TO) jKiiopiSoSK-ias? f|*S3n ^0^3 ^^^fl 
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, (io*S ^3KDpip ^'ov) n? 113^31 . mSnpni pcnn ^m^ 3S hk vinw -^woh 
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4{limn *ipy3 nTssno non mr py on^a^i Kin 03Sd tKi3tt^ onyion piya 



rrViQ Gi% «i*om. ontui ^rii^e hk cJirf hdki f spsn '2 nr^ nit^n 
TimyAi s*ipn-^2rDa ones -^mb^S cn^fun rnm*3 pspsn DUirs -r ^ ^^hi 

nil iJ'sn ni<in mn 'i3 *2 ^7 vyih^^ ;*Hirp> jnp n^mjm h'^dh p npS 
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snnn f|*or • riKij n:2i *r3t*n nr 0:? in''^ yi3s;^3 'kh era inse?^ Dnn« 

: n'n D^¥03 HH^n nnsn ^33 pro cipo • onvijn ni*? a^cu rn ^3 — idiS 

"lOw nin pisn ^^1531 'Dkeos i^s^n p naiD Dntt'w aiS^jn iw nsr Vj? 

: •!»« ip ^iv^:ri p? ^iHK HiTn nT\pbi^ nnsn *3 **i3rn njirKiDn : *jKDpipn 
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[nnrpn nie M«3n p^ n^inp*?!* n3^ noip finvi^n m ''s rTji2^«i3 Mae^fw 

» Vn pis3j onp 

jnj (fHirpn ^^p3) n^yipSx nnsn atr n:ni . "-j^Dpipn ^i3i n^n iir 

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»i3e? Ss3 '3 iDi^ hyi^ w * nsmn m^n "^hv^ ay niynn nin nn3n '33r 

'b;i ^3 nswim oxpa^ niisn nri!^ fioioi ifapon btn •>» "^^nopipn nana 



t^x'ia'^a nircn nmp*? 

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. iDipcD ro«n^ *7t2^ nstih \'\\'\yn2 MK:sr0 ic3 rcportBl 
r\i2 'bHVD0' "6u fopone^ f*£:K".ji ippors n";*E»n nSc^^r: p las n " 

HM D^:ty nt^K -^^122 pii ns^nps vn^"? hdm *2 3713 nnyi , T^:n:i dkSd^wi 
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HKDn iTtt^KiD imKD HM H*? D^3£3 h2 hv^ ^ ^opcn hm ^:D^ hk o) it Sy ^ 
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ni pi , nmn^ m': nc^i f DpDn T^jnj *»d rn'^s^ ick^ k*? isnon H 

n;:3 "Ohd n^n psc ^*73 -jk • "d^ivi::! ij^ d^idd ^jis^ nam,, : maio p3 ™ 
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or ipm K3K^St3 ^"0:1 d:dki . nw ^lO'^pn onson iyik2 Ki:y p ne^o 
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^y3 oy nsmn -.^r ini^o tdko o rrn ^d . onxi^n nwao dic^d duth 



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rm: tw 7112 hm hS nn^ ly oSiit • m -oih t^n^ uKantc in^ia ^jKopp 
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onrcn iHl p i iTf i d o .th roin ^d^3 iiy ^3 i:*? n*?;n: irK3 W3 ^w 
Sy D'pnyn p'^in me»innn mirsK \^27ih V313 SpJ3 D^nipn n^a «vo; (r*?K 
r^nrt , rejn nnKrnj o^jdm p np^» onpy nt^» na «i^D^ni |pnr p jr n^ 
^33 nrip3 K^n 13331 -^p^ mn r-rnn j*:pn • (nonai n^con nK'^a , D'non 
'o y^Hryb oipai ns |'k ']h , iin^3 D**<-ipn m nn*:in3i SS33 Sk^^ 

• n-ivpa 13 Mm 

*fr3'TV3 in«^irtt» nin crn • n '^ n h 3 n3 nnn i3nDn i3T 1 pTB3 
* nryo3 iKy^3 on^fijco -yispa cnS ps (^iKopip iDK*)mipDn ^riH 
('ni3C3*7«n) ^:HrTj:DH*?*^ idb?» nt^n nsn '•330 im i3no *?Sn^ MKopip 
itnnn nn«i . d^'^^k^oh nscQ do-^i&di 3it3 -mrn Kin iSb? *n3nn ^3 lOK'i 
o^ Kim *'rn^ -^so,, K-vpin pp -ii3n -m*? Kr (nin i3non nnw : m) nn 
^3 , Jim aiQ 13T KVD3 hS D^^iK3Dn ht^ onnnn oneon S33 ♦ns* inn p 
rii*?3n pm D'-nnn '6^61 hk inrn^nKin n3n^33-Tm Vano 0^131 73 wos 
O'pim GrriTij D^Kifo: t:*?v»<i » pintrn nn r\w Dno nrtc . ncfinn n33^ 
r\m Hii3n nvD^rj pk D^n«:Dn ip^n^ D^'pnvn naS nn3:nn3 * ripn-^3n3*? 
•s*?L^ K133 "ikSo'? on o'Dn^D i%iiSijrsi 'n n3i3n nnw rnpn-nn33 nmn 
p o ^ 3 3 DJ 7\^} r\H\ nvih ^3 1DK' nDD*7i , D^iyn n*i Kna Kin onyi 

. M31KnjSK 

ncyii n^iK3oSK p Dtt?n r3n!r} ''3Knointc^ Svk ^3 n^w n3ittrKi3i 
^DinV *?cc»K3i * tni-np:3 pii n^3iy n3M33 *?p pjiSn Kint?) n3"iKpD*?K 
<fn niK n*if 3"k) t:^ oyoi n ^^ "^ 1 3 S k ('d hik r'^ 3''h) nnn oyo rann 
nK'^pn ^3 yi3 (neo*? hk-) orn nKuno d3i ^:KDpip ^13101 • n ^ n k 3 *? h 
rmn ^3 p|K naiKpoSw n3ion3 nna }tki3i • n^iK30*7K ti-Ti n3i33n 
nai IK ^V iyn3 kSi) n^'Dsm npnyn*? ^ni"iyn3i • n*7on rKin vt kS o 
TnKiin?r *'3xncin8r *?vk in3>Dn3 o^n hk nnaS ^nSnnK^n (nr ]^3y3 ^Kopip 
»^n n:i3:n nnnpnc poo i^k ^3 yi3 nKT3 ny*?i • 'n '7KD^3nipon 
n a 1 K ; o nnan ds' nnn M^po Svk 01 ^3 nniS r|^oi3i • n ^ n k 3 o ^ it 
(Ma^rebieu8 on jiiifa d'Afrique) , 3iyan{^iKn%T nK-nn3 tr-ic^ ^oKO-yi 'nnaf) 
^K '3 , ip "^im KVD3 orn hkivii oyoa • (* n^iKJio p oj ^t 



^wrjift *3ip;> 10^0^ *5 , fspnc36i 3->pnD ^70'i twio nnfa *5 inrt b*) o)T)ft (1 
^tiiiift VJ?*i3f) 0C5 ft*3* (278 7IUP P'ipfto iftsfu Pprp?5) 'P^pf^sif^-ifrn^. iicc> 

. 1* 5 Oi n i ft DP3 fFTI?^ DPP 13? b 



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«(8 ^3K0p-ip btt^ ]n\^*^ *72i '^Dn mqn nurca p ^53 ;yc:r n m p k d • ] 3 ^^'ipii 
'jKcpnpni n^*.pKD'pS n'^jiT d^om mai3 ^Si«i . %-i^id i:S yii: rS nn^ njri 
m^yt: n:n rrn^tt^ yn iTH'* d*?i« *»«in ^^^e £?"« in^iyt^^^p p Q:i n:uD ,Tnir) 

O^'aiyn nsioi ddvt D^:i"it:c?n nsio ^fi:^ orrtx ^ir*i' K*?r onnK o^rin 

niein wn id^d pnv ^2 "^ckm o^pnvn nnK ^^Kop^p ^zt 1 pi^^ 
rnn Kin '•d hddS i^ron lOK^ ] 3 r Syi) mn *rr/3 noKno p*?n rin 
13 irK n£D pnv 120 ^jNDpipn ^nsi ^2*7 . o'^nai cy iniDO in*?3 noKn n» 
w^3n K*? rnir;iD2 d^is « mm ni3j?£D o.TSy jroi D^:]3in Sy 0^131 rainn p'th 
pni . f\33*?K nn'3 ^Sx?) 11^32? n*?3pn ^£5 *?y |yo d« ^3 in3i*7 nin3ini nvKi 
rp^rm ^"n ^y n^m «^3n ninKm hkh r-3 ay jivn nDK3 K^m . nnx n3Si3 
p3»n3i • i^riT^n n« iiok D^pnvn ^3 i3nQn nQ«^ iiy ♦ nxm 3Kn mnK oy 
inKU^' pns3i • nn S3S qt" D^c'Stt* nBnc3 oh-^H D^^^ vn D'c?-inn S3 D^zom 
Ofi3ifi2*£>3 tnp*7i K"n3n nrDrjs ironn o-'pnvn ^3 fapon Dir3 ^:xDpnp iso' n? 

• nDn3i 'n t 'n ':do onanDn D^3in3n nK 
riMC* (i^*?H onro nMts? ih) pi*iv •^anr nijDn hmh ^jwopipn nny n^m 
*3J<op-»pn naSoi - neoS nto -oi^ t-?«3 km m33J ^3n , vq^3 ny kvoj 

in3T HKI .^-|DbKM3« *7nD ^Sk) pKSnp IPIK ''Kip 1300 nKt3 T?^ iiy 

inK33 ttPinn is^np miK :"oin oy im3i2e» (n''3i iioy M ni3nD o^rrKiS 
HK mni'? o^Sinro vn D^'jioipn n:m„ : nttrs if3«^ moc* 'dS n^3iy riDr3 
D*?iK * o%T3T pny rn nr*? n3Dn ^3 ^ 1 ^ s S k idk^ n; Syi . n^inn n33^fi 
kSi cn^pnvSK 3n3 dk^*7K ^3 t^iiyDi) iri'3 d'kydji d^pit opnvn *3n3 
0*31 Dn3i iKvi^i pnx ''3*133 *3 • r^Ki mik idts^ nno 131 003 kyoj 
KV03 kSi , ori*7in ni:3ipn dmh ^jutt 0^30 p;3 DU3in hn liJnn orr3» 
Kni3:K K^rK pr\^ 303 ^d hjk i*?iv) ^^vshn i3?» odd noK niK p|k iisdi 
iriKi fjin n3Hn3 ^£3 yoD kqi khtji i^3Kip*7K ^£3 'TJ no 'fi PK3iSk 'h]f 
^3 ii3iSt n^KH c^Kipn "^2^ nny rM3nS ikd nrpi ^ (''^Drs'?H ni3i kdo 
iS3i^t£^ D*:3im roi i:mm3i3 *J»n n3i nm3i - 03^13 p n v iso pv n3 
i3.iyi*r 3iip> irsK ,11 pn . m n 3 1 1 s d ^ n ^ 3 ijsa t?m*7i r^s *?y i3V3nS 
1300 iniKo pT3 130*13 pi ^mv pnyo nt:K3 kioo ii3on om hS o 

. r^K 00*031 



. 21—20 'S*n3 p *"jS nv:f* rn'c (i 
. i'o) 1*3 p*b njypsa^o^ 11 , 137 jv» nK^ (2 



100 rma jik3 nnyo an D^mn pa n? 3Vd hy \mnTW i03) miDK*? |T?id 
— no^^ -»2nan e|'Di^ — -^pnoni ne^nn ^anw dj dSik . (mjnni m^ioHn 
i^.ar fprin SaDy^oDipn^Km *?e'cS p . tokS oysn ays3 wen^ 
•c^rjn ^K niiicDn inn3:nno mmai noKn ^no ^n*: nyn^ vniyn^ sni 
r K -I ^r\^H n:2a n^ni n^veS p y hk Sk^^ 15? n5ijr«-»3 n^m • p j; 
-o^S^DDn 8r«-ii^ ^''ip n^ni n:3aT H:^\th ^h isrij p nnxi d ^ S ^ d » n 
mKHD D«i n«:pa c« nt*? nt D^«npn '•tr«-i mn::nn hy -^ani::.! pi«n* ^^ddi 
Sin»n wn ^d •:ndp"p nD«'» nn p-^sn e]^^ . onn^n Sy m«ir:nnni rm^n 
onfioa ansitsf no p nivem n-iinn n^T by D^crnn '?d myn nt nDoa ppS 

jna n^2inS *7nnr'''i n-ivpn mrisn Sd dk Dirn nanen K-ip'^ '2 p'Tfl^ 
Kn (!) c'arin p2 cm Sx-'.jr^a nc^nn nnD no^tr pirK-in ^d cpyi -it Sia*?s 
K^T D-K-pn n^iD S2 imK pinv "^niysn nin ^i*?jn DTsm — . 123: p cy^T 

• h^^^THZ ^Din . vmcnSaa onn^ p poSo : D^jnnxn d-d^h ny ijod isjin 
-mK3 ^pvib pnr nnar . iv-issa ^pnta neSa^ . r^aSa tri:i*?a "pvif? ^dtp 
fU"D« rsrn i2-'*i2''^ v^n Dn^2H "i hk^v':^'! ^:n-iD nn«^ . onnK Tiyi , D'^pny 
*fi3 ""-CK,, ; c*K-pn -'y -as^ ^3 Dmc3 onS nne^ (j"^ o'^^p? cyo) D^ezn 

— .'D-3SD -^533 «VJ3P.C» 1D3 133: p Dy3T ^D^3 pD-:31 mm'' t33t2^D nifiHit 

TCKCO a'wr: c'p-^trii nivn "1113 rin3n p VKcpip 131^ ni pi£33 ^3 Syt 
nn3i n7i3 ^3 h-; v-:3t n« n3n*?i innb isn-iuD*? \n^ 3itD "inr nsi^ inx^ m 

. nnK Dipoi 
on::ran D^-oscn ns p3p''i D-aain oy ^jsop-ip n3in'' m 3 pns3 
^E*? D'-^r-cn D-:nn pi o^m-n onsoi D^»inD3 n^oSin nn:«3 aitrsn SsiB^^ 

• n::iK3 r.^3'.p!3 ri*Tn «S s^y^ts^ nim ^3 hto n^3Vi D''3^n3n "aspsS inyn 
o^n^irii;.-! D'K^pn r.s n:p3 D-33")n •'D3n imcr 103 ^3 ir.3 n«-i: n*?« vnwDoi 
K*? -3 . c^:3*.M i:: 2n\ii3irm D,Tni:ya niS''3n3 D^«ipn itry p i.'33 ooy 
nwpn '•3'C"2 nc'cS m3?n3 naiN3 D^^3ipan Dn3nn p risn oitp is-y' 
on-n^ D'Dzno iios:a^ Kmj«i ^S'di xdtu ^"on ]^3i k-^d:i n:&'C3 o'i33n 
n23r6 D-cnvcn wy.Tn D-isoa o^NVon onin D''-^3nn d:i nysrn t^.ivS 
mSj^n, «3^py ^311 niMix , naip niyr 103 ciieipn '^wn^* 
D^K-^pn 133-^^ n^i<n oncKtsni Dni3nn S3 r\H , Dn^oni Ssyer^ ^311 
D^fiDntr «in yiT '•3 b]k . D'':3in '^er ns Sy3r mm db^3 iS wipi nn^a 
n3irn3 -i3nr 1^3 D^:i3:n D^33-in p3 d3 le^n ip on'^Sy i3a?i3 Dn3Tn d-^ivto.. 
. (62 --Azv '^ icm 1V1S3) ipn niro ^31 Sv«i {D^:cya ^yi333) p^soin 
0''S''3e'Dn D*J3in i3trn vl^s 133 •'3 nKi: 'i pis :]id3 levy ^jNopip n3T0i 
KIT riKT '?33i . ni3in nSi3nn3 o'^ran n^ *?y o^svtos nS«n onson nie 
^31 . nn3iD iTK"ii DyD ^^3 nn D-:3in n« p^t^Kn*? inyi *7y noiyi trpyno 
vnuT f?y iDK» in« ]^d ni:ye Sy -lana' -iaD3„ ji«:i nnyo 3i ^"oi nwi^n 



'.Ssnt^^n mnsn nrnpS 



nito 



♦"•nrjnn 1iT'?« arrci^ 



rn\n^ '^K-^pn^ "i fi 3 n *? 1 3 8^ k^ idd3i , S«j;d»^ ^:3^ n^anpn nnsDo i3*Ti 
•UH„ Kin ni p:yi ponp inrn ^a*^j?n ^sidh . i^-oi o^racn o^3iin«m ^oti 
pianj nu'toi - (1 (^ J H n D "I n »^ \nK*»p3 -nypii) '''*iKnD%ntt^**?K tdho nne^ 
np'? iSi ''«"pn DjDkt • o^ry^ )*? vn ^«ip t^hd ^-qt '^d *7^*?y3 n*ti3 v-oia 
f opD^H iHno p -jwi ; n^3iy5 lori) f* d p o n m 'i *7k^ niano na-vi 
"►fiD in "> *?e? mano anr ^cnn mn^ dji . (neo*7 mDiea lan^ rnnim 
nto naai . f*. ni» n'^Y a^Ki 'k mi* T'v 2'*h) "latii nfioa d^dj?s %'nK^ i3W 
nnp^ D';iirKin onpon inn Kin fepon b0 man '^a osro fnn^ ^au 
-^*:>^K aipy^ e)DV-iaK,, ''nyn Sr nEoo ini^a iijr -inan^ nt djoki • nina»n 
987) f vnn K"! n:M ana m ^Kipn . c^Kopipn iivpa inKip^r) ^iKop 
h» »>Tfi Kin |irK-n p^nn . o-'p^n ^jm n^a-^ya Vn:n man tk (^rm ^ 
tnp^ *?iac*Ka ^Dini , d^di-^bi d^^j 'o) p^Kin'^Ki fH^^hn aKna„ Mip:i mwt M 
-kSk aKfia^ era n-^pn o^K-^p*? nivon 'd Kin ^jrn p*:nm • (o^^m 'd ^ ™ 
in 1 "1 1 K D n 'D nypa viKip^c^ D^£)ivn niSnjoi nniKon 'd) "apKiD^TKi iku 
niD"ifia nan^ -nDn *?a*7 Kiaon Kinr jibpkti ncKsai . d^-dkd t'*^ phrm 
vnan pm hk ns K^a^ linaKSo *7JiSi . o^^otn md ^u*? ^Knr^a ninan nrin 
pv^ ynif^} nan nK ipn*7i vrh^nb D^trnn D^-ai td^j ono itpn oniK mrrai 

* mn naajji- 
Vinr* ^:£^r ^"aa non^ iirKnr ^jKDpip *?itf neoo 'k neKoc k pnfi:i 
•nro^i nnpani n^^nan niaa njiDKn mjn hk K^an? mann pk n^amS lanorr 
-lanS nTpni K^fiiDib^ea poyn hk tarn^r oisar o^Kipno d^itjk noa njrr 



ftnar^ifi ifcODS s'^n nKoa *in3 nai h'vt nwaT *j ds i*yu (i 



J^o3D0JL^o HEnaypoK). 

KieBi, 29 AeiadpH 1894 



Tinerpa(i>iA VL 0. AjianBoa, Hu«bu JI 41 



I 



— 70 — 

— ^ rt?t?n ii^rit 0*jip*na ^inorn tki mycnr ^lo piro r^ TSxm 

*Tr&K3 mn ow r t^m 'rot? 'tc kd^km ^an ni-nK oytn ity i*>'3to 
0*131 nrKi oi^Dni n^im noTpnni nym tr^ w I'js ip^nyn*? 
, uco i^S*? r* iKo navt) ^nyi*^ d^iitti neon ytona 
Mto *nf i^r OKI r nu naw nft»n /«n yn *3 ywM (rp 
uiTK irao nin y^M7\ "ttw ^ u^^d id Dytn , oyw oyca pMpi 
*3np3 lar J ^a*?i . cr^it ji^kd wcm «|*?io unno npw ^d i vjim n 
D^y^ UDO ortDttT 'n /tariH ^'^lai hn aiproi -pm lann ^ ^yt* 'lo 
cr'')5ito b lOi , yair*? t^dkh Sk , GTrwt:h iio&n onu d3 ik t nyi 
•01 Vd p r noroi p3i f Y^ ^mfin i03 * hovrrh u^wp w ^ «r^i? 
nD3D nt^a*?! , e^o m Mi yrro pi i» irrn hm . ripo w *?Br^Dn 
nwvn 01a im ni Ssd nc rcttrj mS o^ai • cajua iva Sy 101 
nann ^amK rt»iiro T'l^oSm i^yn o^pntn oy o*t» ncoa aron . Ty 
piiSn Di^^ri p0K> TDiW rm r ain laiya Tiaae t vt:^ aSa my 
f ryn 'jd 01^1 ^^ ^kdhS oniaH 'a lai pa:i "j^arD im ^ ip^n 
anian , ir'^o nnpa m dki pjy> py :>a Sy Tpwoi nnaww nttn 

. K^nn SSk a'a 1 m* aia*? rw onmi 



BlU5Kfi^ pSn n^ HD^ 



l€@«Xr4^6SMH — 



^ J w 



^ «• — 

c^jpi In 8 tOi 5*3^> rr^n hico 'ssor* "sjni iwt» j'r* wcc r6^>t ^ i»)»3 
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r*3p o SDtih ovj nicft -jcfs ^p^i''' ^^ i^pn f^7ri r ^16 vtic" izb vttn 
t P)B P7C1? pen p 6p i'JCM ^n^ 7n ^>3 — 7»ft» ^i pw:* *3i?pi 6i?c5 7cw 
7)5iV .o*353r:» 7r65 7iD!pi ?56D ft'ypjjs 7^ i'n ii B'i , C!3:nii ^^'Jini »i iri7r 'd 
rfip 7^ p6 DPWi / p 65iw 7»r) f)im , oi5r> JiDici 37 ji*n ripijsp rriio 

? rp1)Ci iteO Of C»i POTi *D>6 T0»1 . >7C^ *7P03 13>» 

ic ciDc:> *i>PD 'b p'p3 U7P1P nny ip 7p nf)7i:i ?r3» oi tip Y^ {y 
nJn? , 7nc? mip^ , d^jpj ip5 n*D7h3 f*7p 7ip *'nbin W noftj 7cft) t*3:» 

P76 f)i r*3®7p D*337ft3 J^ft HtJOSl Pl5n3 niD73 OfsJ t^fj 1p*D7.'» l*r71 ,?i^b 

nnjp ?iif iu e*s?pp 937? c^nr rri *'fr7i (n7356c :»D3 nhr f*7P f 3v> Dis 
^i56f■'^p o^ipp d6 r ]i73niD3 1PP7 0PP5 7tp piJJcJ 76o pi6nf>5 <|n3.,:»rp 

riSIOl C77P:> *7371 0'f)?CftJ» ^Jisp '"PP i'>05J 71P 3lCn/5 7Cft 73) Pifi3 '072109 
7» f T4>75D 7r:)cl ('3 O'P n3\n3) f)7Pi? |ici £17^3 — 'DtXiC ri67pi» 
n37 71P 1773153 hh 1P'*nD3 fib 5'0'C yt O , ^i*ip 6il ttf) 715fj 7»1 670 7b6 
';31 ili'ftl *3? 'ft l» ir5P3 71CSW ^737 fn? pcSo f57» *P3 T6 ^ C510 7P 637 
'tm) fAh *P3 CTftPD 61b 7» P"6 ^I'ni3 Jp 637 '737 P>3?3 D^ipipD ?3*P*^ 

'13 rc76n:Bn 6i6 , d"Pd 076 r6 opm >'p (rep) d^^po 076 j'6 oprn (p7136 
. 776^ )^6\ , p 61? 637 n37 cn^p Tp^p ^"7 
7irnoo o^pipi? npnl p'Prol z^Joftno ip 7p^o -jT^pipii li nnir ^pl6 (7^ 
w *3 Qn*5' op'6n b 7c6 fn3ci o^6ipx» o^rt^ '>c pppp? Jp 7tnoi ^ncn 

7'ff:» rt p3? prj '» Inp 03f» ^7*7^ '367?^ * 0*7p*9 77BO *33 *t> p3 P7f 
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ic ft'C'i 3*6 ih (C7pir) oipp3 C7pn* (7 pc67:> 7'C3 3icn:> 7*»iw ?^3Ci 

*li 02 73b n'3 S3 Ch73 p7 ^33C 05P 0\pnb or 7'B i33 5?)1?0 7^3 lp'n3 OP'O 

V'lp' , 6*0 653 'il 07VO* oirni 610 i377p p6 07TC b C673 6iod 7*C0 *I103 

737 >P1 , niPlpB 0033 pi OBPlPrC 176 i^nPBO S'V qDlui WDD OCHp 770 

o*oB 0673 i 't3i o67 ft 3^3 pp'or 'd3 *r6iB (n^'p '^) npn 7ifnp3 db b^o 

O'O PB67O 7PC31 , ^73P0 pP^OI' op 0*C77D1 PIOpDP 706 J3ip3 PP75 TODJ 
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pD^OrO 0B3 1303C (piDP 0*7 '6 'b) l*iin 'Din rP . pP^DVO OB ip B77P3 
'0 ^3C3 pi , 6pp»DP0 0B3 01 1303 PIP3*7 6*D031 PIPP P3B B' P'ppbfi 
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. {25 07P0 7^ip P17ilP3 'i56 63101 

, rtr DDnn \nn* oj? i\y nnjn rj^Vm ok ! ^^m , n^i^ (ip 



Of ^*'3 1100 3*'o6 DP?)o , ^p^33 opc6 1050ft ip I i^oooo 7T 610 (6 

, 1 3 'P 0^0701 0^5^531 i 'P '3 P7300 "Jf) ^}3ft3 ^'1 HfRO iP 
'Ool *C70 303^3 B^OS (f'PTO OPjb) 7*3 ^7 0^310fDO '03 DD73 O: 

(o'^OfB) • 86 710P '5 03B |P73 

0710' '7 i6r7 'd3 i^f 1*^57 p'nfe iD^Pioi ^ P3B ov 7p' ; iwoo (7 

('0 '0 'r 'C) , 1^1 0*^ 17 P*P ''0 ^ 'lb 



— M — 



*5 TBfc 5T01C 07ft 'SSB rDB5 6'?3> ,TP^pDl pPC3 "J^^): 711IP' 

p 7J3te :ni:»^ '7 i??? C^ f** pciTp) ppss cniT 3*5 7536 h)^) . c''3 
1)3-3 ih-s jf^hi ith inj? 6*7 mwi ('31 * p"? ^^wr '3 n''3 o^rcD) dtco 
-('ft3">m3B) ^pii mnic 'd tip -jisft :^70* '71 (z^^po 3*776) :»7DD3 inro ?M^c 
*737o 1C1TD) n"-?!? nprc 7373 fcift 3"n irft f)7J5i5 ipii , f^i? f>37 7nftn c^'Pi 

Si6D7 f'p) *J?icn'3\ {'b t"^ '7?3D) D'7D ip pnp? li*pf>73?67 C*75 f»h 0*7D^D 

P3 r*?i (c"37 3'pd) ?ri Dn^nn:* nn^D 3D*? p*p ciri?m . 6"3: D^r '7 (f:5 
oy\ . c*p ('f> 1*0 mr>y) iwy ni?73i3 c''35?c'3J5 p'71 f ]ip7p '7 7'»in o^c>c 
njfi pi ('6 rf^ mn:c *h 'to ?^3) • ^3773 lii.'^ p'pp iA ii73:> 6^'7 7*»in oi^:>' '1 
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0131*57 7\J3 DM '131 ipf3 p6 ^P7C3:> 1P7*DD3 '0305 i3 ('3 'p) p''37 P36D3 
, Pn*ci jDf PPD3 03 13751P 7nr /7l3p3 17156) 7C6 7D1M t 0^3'3PP 7l3pP P37? 
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prjCOP piDP3 <|rp 6D317P1 r OWipP n37 1C7*D 0*7Dl6j)? 0D5P3 0'63PP1 
('6 P*d) P3D31 'l3 P15D 7P 171)6 ppi 3"6 '13 PliP 7;? 0*J>3D 171568 00 bl 
0*©3n n37C 6i6 ^076 i31 (*31J57p 7P6p 6lp) P1P17P m^7Cl Plil]?7 Plttr Pr37P 
Vlip 7^6 O'PPD 037P P1PP01P31 . (07ipO p6 763DP 70160 7p6o 6lP) 0I1P3 
17063 O'piPDPP / 3P33P P71P3 ii33P D"P3C P71P pJP "333 650) PPl f C706 ^36l 
^37 PTPi 13731P l*7r)6 <|3»P1 p'P70 '0*3 71P1 t PPCOl pP 737 i3 Jp P75p3 
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0*7163 137510 06730 'D3 061 . 163 y^O^ ixb 6ll r 7l63 0^0 *l3 303)0 ip p 

or6 03 ipJn nD6 |ofP ico3 r*'33 t onipob 6ii 7dio *7o6oi owdoI p7 

r'7Pl OP16 03 763> 0*7103 0*07310 T'P OPP 0»71DDP r33pi 0*on*POP 0')*3P 
P71P 7P03 t67p 67fP ^0*/ 733 7lP1 , 0*7630 03 0*)1C67P 0*01370 IS VO 
0*737 0373 10301 Oll}D 031C3 **P Ofl , 67p03 »*3M b3C Olpl P71D0 0*py6 
iJ6 103 13*)Di 7D6 *0icn* *D137P 7*0 rO 3''o6 0^01370P 13 0331 .01)1131 
0*71503 317^ 1*0101 7630 0*0 037PD 13 • ^olpn* 710lP3 733 6303P 133 O61 lOlft 
010 1770 PCPPO '*P 710*31 • 037P Or3 P*3PP 6j 0*P3PP PpPPO 031 0*70101 
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ip 7*ppi 0*il73P 0*0303 llOP *3 7P ^ 0*X101 O*71D03 03l 1B03 '*P* 031 
0*OPph r<J*Dlpil C177b 0710 13 7*3 jO*) *3 pl63 0*0137P0 100>*C 0*blP30 Of*b 
0^P700y V 1)P3C 0*l3P 01)106 03 IPPPOO f''*Pl *D17 Ic P173P 03 0*CW VO 
OOJ '*01 00 61 OOl 1303D 113D3 103 , O'PO '3*3P3 00*i3P 06 Ol67p03 llb3i 



niiTDj irtDir iw hS ok pv ^oy ,p>Sy w^pn ^^.^ ^^ , . 

nya ^jrn hk inner*? ^^'j *?k ^nottf nKni "pa hdk k^ .^^^ Ji .^i" 

.^miT Dips iK ••a-^^ nuttrij t msrntriDi n^iip n>yn "v.^ i ' L^^ 

jy* I TOH*? nimpn niytt^n nn ^js^*?!^ ntrn ha 7\ynr\^ i^nnn y 

u^y3 mn^ opii^n tok ^tsec^D pi ts^pin rtsH niin uni\n o ^nj* 

, '^ttrtn nnw •?:: p^niK K"? wk3 ef^*o o^Jo kb?k «S . w^ V»o Sj 

ttf^H*? nnK DJ TKip -ic^KD in^ipK DDn nn^n tt^pD"? inojo riKi* pn ok 

VTnus kS "i^n^ obp3 ik) . nr ocr iS ^nn '^y nyD ^S i:f^ ictk K^nn 

D^^"? 3>n3 leoa joj \"^S2^ nt ^ud nitrnK ^3 nK^jcrn nation i^k3 

nnKi / DiK ^J2a ^n^Ki rrjin npn n inasi ^ n*? d^wd nannm / a^T\ 

n^iSn nnnnncr 1312 o^an S^k ni'?'?:^ oikh niyn ^d nni^ nnt ^jrKn 

^3 ^nna Syi • nmw jn^Sya mcc^ t^K niinnno ^nb p qki . ns 

iKO -TKa i^nyn Sy "^SfinKi ,ny "^as *n hk rDian rioKJ ^'^ niKcra 

K^ Sk . i^ninK nnD o^n*? V?'Kin ! o^pnttf nnipu ^in^ . '»i^ty'? mot'? 

m pn B'?iK(lS8 IV y'cpn y'TTDS /'mcfK mpn >y*r d^d^*? ly^on 

IK , "JD 'J^y*? lor nnDinK nKtsrjn -jyi ,^'?k ^yn mma vt3K iwk 

nn^o'jn'? '^VP^ '0 TiD'?3 nieryS ^^ rwH^ pi , oyu ^^ki -p njyM 

^juys Qi^myT inys oi^^n^ji i^^DJyTKi ^lyn^fi S3 p^mn "^k / o^v^ 

'3 mtt^HK fss , >nyi'> oj ipiif^ nh ainnno nsnna ok rjKi i nKin;n 

nttTK D*3^D onai nD3 iiy ona Kvon niS^nton ninio loo pwn dk 

n'?K yp^QV^ "TKD niin tok3 ^3 Skic^^ ^csnc onc^^n myi'? o; id'^kd* 

onuittrSi onmpo f anS vSk o^iiipn o^oyi piBf^ niuiDips o^ian 

ij:i 01 jj tsrpyn.i'? "jsu k*? nn^ai , n3 ly niKipos o^a^pi oui d^ioko 

'0 nts^ico *?^nnDn '^ycf^ iodd ^^cfn p^ri 1313 ono o^ip o^osn 

nyi u2Msh iStoi Dnji3n b ic^k jipkih ptrta nvcno ht^k djt .'p^m 

i\i3 n^JM amy un* ibtk '**? minvo nvKi 0:1 o^pnaio o^jo^d nam 

Kvt ounmi u^3no ipk hts ooip 1331 . rf^r^n ^^\y ptS nsnrj ^a 

ity ^*? ttr^i . (3£3M a'ly^ 'o ntt^iD rv?nn) Vr ysKin -^n:.! cfieon 

mKipD^ m^riB nnM kdu ^y ^ T'ja nioipo nosS y:i\jn K'^ej ]^jy 

OK iS niSsr*? ^3iK }i33 iSfK ^ 31P0D nSeoo niiaion pts^Ki-i phra 

m'j^srt '►fis '?Tij iixpa i3n3'7 msis n^nn ^a , 113^ i^ ^n ninn 

, irfJiT o*»jK mtp*? oyo ion 'm^ i>t?*? anni niyyn jnom ^"^ihi / ni^K 

resn DJi i mnYii nie^in i^j o^eyc? ^ w? "^a oy ]v^h ira^a '^y ik 

D^iBp o^Bfn^c oyo pi oie?iK nysi • ruyvoh ^"7 ^nn ipM ^l^DSn af? 

eyo ity un^ ^Sik / '^ycr^S ^cnTDo o^tapi'JD niKipo nt*K Sy oniDJi 

Sy m3nK nxpa d^idkd nt^K ny tk3^ on^jfi"? ^K . o^nsfiKon ■|n^'?n'? 

pfinooi 113J iiy 7n^Ki ^a / niivn '?33 n? py 11a [yoS oS^pyi o^pjiK 

rwH^ rmtn la ^3 nnK r vSy 3*71 py onsrm ni3iD nnKi . ia 

^ nry" ^^3 ^rcn p7 lOD tppaK onn d^idkd'? o;i pK . ^nK^an 



T 54 — 






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1 ansD 



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I'lriD ^Sn*? niic'o i«iMn {"•Sen np^'n DDa*t ^sinrn "^rr i> "\hv 



nrh >nKD HDn •n-on «S o; ^ ''"J t^KBH? dh^^k '3ip\i in^cSn 



, Dip£:D nJtff^n ^n^^K **"? 



Kin 

rwjis? iDK nn ki:c^*? ^^kd Sk hktd nn^nci njop nso inra ^aS 
^nnisa na ntn ovn ny myo ^jk . yi« k*? wh onnc ^a*? "^y reoym 

, 11K *np "53 -iuyc ^'s -piDi nj?3 iiun t>» "wr^ ^"J >nK*n *n -jixi 

f ^*?j? T^yo nnn ni?j< nyioB^n n3ii2 k*? ^3 ! nn'* ^k ? ^oyi ^hk'^ ne 
^po7 Mc?n h)^2D 11M nnyDi i^Svonp nnnw ^3 oj^ya n«^fi: nnvm 

ni2-^ c^cyc -iB^K nnK ; njj inata inrn'? nn^oin ?m (rrtD yi ly^o 
D) n^m ? np> n^j kb^k to^ n:K ? "^d ^jfio aits^n kS ^d tdd ^nyoiy 
ii:rKD D^nDin riKn*? -|*?Dap m mo"? o "vdkh nj^TiKn mt ^n■UKi 
>:h DJi n0y Mlo^^ niaT . pDnn ■'j^y n«nD ^toi *?jiTin ^03 k*? non 
^niaBPno'? a"? Ditt^'? ^Bfc; nK ^n'?n*i 1D2 dck , ^n-ioK ib^io p ^n^Bfy 

rim, MJ28fK 'jn; Dsn lony . nan >nu::?nD3 k':^ i^k \'i^i! niDrno 



— 53 - 

•7*' ''isD') "J3;i p "jnci CD Jj3i *n-i?M pi ,7n'3 ir® vn -^cn craw 
'rm 5"» nxii '>';lii 'i -sipsn c6 (T'jp) i"3 ns"; xv j'sfc ?f)ri . (s"? 
. \pni:o D'tr»r3 j'lu' , pwic? cnfti 3"» irft 6:6 '•) , j» b» afo 
o'^irJ^M ';c mp;) sipys pi ,'i'l© 6bi ftw ^pft "^w 67n nrft ^m Yi) 
p Jo iFjrrD p) rtn la: 65 i«6'50 '5);6noi , ■)ni6o cc 'b 7D'3 
'nm crftc y-ji is: p>n to 'jkh , w^bs ?ij» ctoc Jjw '» ,po 

pin tj'DWI , 0D'J3 'J3 to DJ 6bl 7n6 b3 to 0'535 70 p"! O'jblO OSb 

•jw vn^ 06 16 , 1^06 'J5 to 6>i toJd v33 to p") vwn 3"iAc ,rBn\c 

. TDI' 6bl WJ3 n6 D3 ?t> ?f 0'3?l6 71» , 0?'56 PCIVJ) nwiD3 
3np , PJ5'J3 "lb 31DJ . IVSCO ^JS^imi , l6n ';'155 )1351 SIT) ?f isi 

nh p to p to w ?i!W cwc s^rnoc 16 jP5 't to p6 pb 3"j pvjc 
0'3ip '36 . [vir^\ Yi 'bi6] 'nem 'n'eni fwb cvd iw r6':n jrpii 
Ti'si '6 :"' ?b'ij5 '15 9"u 13^37 DDw 6i?] wi) mu b3 to p^i 
y*)] oyt P'5 O'jjicb ruin esp nnnb [. 6"d i"'i i63b wrj:? ')i63 
6to 7» , "JW lulp 6to '"r»6 ?n'j"53 P«icb pip» ny 7n'b 'W'cd 
pP'i ('6 '' pen) ?)))"p6 '7'b ?63S oiJn 'M!6i p» p63c cto nn3) 
SiJn ;pp J5"rn , ?rrD 16 irD6b DJ7» 7i» ?r'D 6b 9"r>rp7 p;c3D 
oini b'ic [sp p6] nins 3311 [D"n en ?ipn ?c»i pnnb rcisp 
j'stonc n-p p D'r^-iji , 6':nci o» jnpb pi o^nc o» ti-jD? 'B3 
^ffBino [ {'5 7"; psn'i:) Dnr»55 ?pi6 ppci d-)ip 7inbb ?r7»b ?j^7n» 
^i^'na . [niD6 Q)i n-'j?? '"du b"52C pCD p6i pi-j'P jipbn] nvn 
'E15 ?77D3 Yi] mw3 bi7y? t6 J3 bs [wirr3 b"-) bib'?3 Yi] 
?t'?D r6!:' p bu ?'5iC3 bi7j 76p 3DinD i?P'i , OV3C3 on fi'5ro 
■Cipn 6bnn 6i5i cc 3icn 3"j i» p6 3"7 rft*; 'bi6i,6£i50 b}6 3icn 

•3inn ''D 61? 03 •)DEi6D ?T)C3 bl7i ''D JPS '7 'D6 b6'57 '7D i6 , V36 
t) l''7b b6':7 '7 b6CD 'Dip'7D •J7i:3 TSIDC ?n 737b 75f pjpl . 7in3 

7615? 7'i b"7l o'w 'pym T'fp [o?'n5n c» 37cpoc ?67) ,)p'Wii 

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' 'DIP '» P7Pin pbi»7pn 6'?C3 pw 3' '5 n-ieo b"5] »7Pn OP'O 
b"7 0763in Yi] mnaio [67P» or> mno oib " ' '»'biDi oc c"ft7i 

. [0'7i6'3 cp5b ^^pj^ 6to 
'wn i:nnnn 7J16 cipn 6n76j; 7'r3 7i?5n V7'ntob p '3 'pnnc 
. DC of in» 0';w7p C'7i3n ?370n '"3 o»'6 p^psob ib3V 01 , 07p 
ito7 6EI170 'P5C '7n 'jinjn? 'd 610 'pn 'sb o:id67 r65b '16701 
'P»7'C '» 07'5' 'D to C17'D 6101 (6"X5D i"j r3iTc) '"C7n 63in , b*Jf 
Pni70n 'PC Dizionarlo stor. art. dagols. 'dd67 bJ6 6J»51 , 7T75 

o"D7p 6"7 p:c3 P'ni77? 6'to'63 v O'D oto c2no . 41 7 , 399 7ni3 

P'ni7 P'JV PWCb31 06lD70 Rn3D3 bl7a 7nibn O'Ol Jifej ''7»D 37 'J3'3 

oei7y63 b67C^ '7cd )i':>^ Iin7p 7pvd 6id i7i3r)i , pnwi p'37i3 
ininb Dj , 6'br63 Dr3 jimp 7a7n '377 pi67b «|id3P p3n bs h>:i 



— 51 — 

f> ifi'p «j7) CC1 . ?Pift cnv cpirft J3 S755 p6 (j'b'wn Ait ?"7 i'ii 
rft j'[nv 36d 'r62 'd p'pft j5 075j pf) s-i'i (3fto 'n6 'jcni ?"7 
pr i?'ift 7ni ]icr:D 't iftc (^"i'jn "d ^si »"cd) 'snwi , oto 
nn 5"W'i , nn jiurci ib "jdA )o )pji ppKc oid'O iu pc^a 'O") p6 
(Vp ''D) o»nro 'D31 . n?; rftiiJ p»si oiw 65 o^n^b ,cc ''o fsb 
, wnA p nsj pni' '^n :pr' '3") (3"33-) '^d) oci . n?; ''"ji p"*) pioj 

'7n' '73J (0"P ''D ^f)1 bb3) C"ft"K> '1CP31 (p»'J7 |"BD) '3T5»3 pi 
cSpJlft 7» 5f bl .ift'R' '•5?3 •5Cft T7n nDj3 0PV51 pXi DD» ^"b 
'(WO 3P3 7351 • n3 73bl njb n5)bl 'rsbl 'b 7TpCP 06 Oa7PC 
,T) li6 nbn 'JD C7Eib »7^ fibs OC 171^33 7P65T 07p PUTCbs bnj? 
n51pb3 jVCT DID OOb »7' fsbc VD7P3 DVSV'i 3P3 pi . jV»a '&b 

C'fjscfs? pb3p ^pm Tbi . TOD (U' DJ50 '»b ppbn p ocb ncin p7 

07173 7PV , Pmipn 01533 'P773D 1»3 '"6)5 CpbX51 D"pb»'6)5 P153W 
Dbp5l6 7nfe 13D)5J 07ipb WDITSS D"3C71 '"P7P r^A) ,73S OP p67l03 

Jbi (q^nrsb 0370 0''7j5ib \ih ujinp dO'D3 obno pirp b» id'jpo 6bi 

C75J . jTPbs CPaN? 71p)5 Oil Plb)Sl ':pb ;VJ57 7PV Web b31) 07' 
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I'lJO 05)56 . OPS C1i7P 6'OP 1173 p7 73 pb)5 65)53 6b f;DTO1 I)J371P)33 
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, jlOb 7)56 73 ,Pi:3 1P6710P TObpn'31 '71D 'b31 0TO1i7P3 0370 65)130 
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6b , pn '35 bi3 lb op 6bi p6 'in 736 toj (. c"' — t"' : d"') 3v63 

76CO 'b3)5 75t01 OPO 1736 . V7ia)33 7'7P J'6l 1)523 733 6bl lb p3 
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ob»3b 0P306)5 opwi , n6 p6 c6i , Of bi3 pi'673 ■i'76ob p6i ,07p 

P'P673) 071P jrn 07p 7)5P 1)53 V36 16 03 0P3D , TOP C'pOb 0PJ7 

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rP7503 obipo pbi (I"' 7"' ''—'0 "7 :y '3 pi7) p73' nb pjsb P)50 

7J)51 V7r6 0'630 0'330 75)5 0'3l7p0 bs PTO3 p7 0"1pp 6b 076 OP 



— 51 — ^--- 

rsc i'ic 'ni;c?5 ^DDft"?! d^db? rn'os ftJroc ?» ?5C w "^'c d3w 
. t)iv '&i63 o-^'iro mbcb njuft "5i3»3 ^npii ^3 ?'3id3? fo 01^31 , 'iba 'i 



•JCft "6^ ift 'w, nvmft? 73brc nnb ui p Jinnn . 'jp? rvh 



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r'3 »> iw C' , opnnf) •;» or^cnn cn-jn? '5« » iirc p'B 
^:cr) ir^? , rflTif; ocJc ic tto jvj57 nnffi if) rinh 'jcn 'i)3? 
r"'») WW WM> aoTCfti O'sics wd cc'»> 7nft wh b";? rrnfi 

Ol'DI ?fO ]Vm 13 ^DDC 7nft r'3 ■3bn , jnp 715 pi (D-JSt! 'IP 1\-51 

pnfto D'ov) . miD w'ft jft3 '^DR 'bift , 0Tp5 , ownpb w rnnic 
tn'ft jpnb »7J f'sw . I'D? b33 *53nw rtwn ?p'? rfttn fcb Pft"?} 

75 pvn )'X>3 : D'B'^W b6 6351 , O'Dp? PTOIpr TV J'3?bl ccisc 

, o^ir -WD '!7Db ['6 i:"5 nwn fts") 7r)ft»b pvsi , bxn:) b"5] f55P7 
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b» (pD Pift pn) f© -pjj piu' , 7wbn3 p i65r)j 6bp nbra «;6 

b"i ''? 5"6C ftl? ?'Jn P13P , P'bf)3?P I"'P3 CD 3in?p '"ppft ;fcpj P71S 
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PRlft '73 t]ft TO5 riPifts ij"»5jp] IPPlft [pi D'3V;i o'sn'P 0?b 
]'a?i5 v?p '3b 'b 7r;f5' '53 p7 ?bft? cmn? j'3?b bsifc tti .7'bp 'pi'bs 

MW DC7 p)5b 7piD5 'b piPC pU'P ?t'ftb 7nf)b , p P7bl? PV3 tfc 
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O'OSBft? P'pP^C 'r^7? 733 pt ? ^17»? b»3 735 ?»173 ?ft7P 1'»P»3 
n'57) P"3P7 I"1»' . 73? , ftl?? p? »7fb ift Rin6 p ifi Tub ]^} l67p 



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— 50 — 

TW 'a "o^i rt'fti ?Dp' pnuD f)I»6 , d"»3 onnib v?c j'nfi oto 
"■^ ^b p'Pi^'f) so'O ?» £r»5i , TO'ijj rrno 'ihy ost >5ft 5C*b ontw 

c»pD qu oW) . {-ji-jro £)dto) ftnspr) nyp' ouw (2 .wnano 
nj:6 -JDiJC ("lis Vj , P'lir? bin 0'7'r>iK) pD'd6 cnpn p ft^pj 5)>b 
(pbjOT :'&■)) 3C1'?) CTmb v? t'fti wun o^iwb v? /■> rro' 7o 

WDI'^ ,T5 (733 -pi)) pi:0 PD"5'» pD bft'bw ") Of pfe Vjl 

ft"') pnojDsi , O'Tnbro bu o^^ftb ^on »iwi • ?j5'T ftpi or© j"*) 

frJ3W b5ft(ni3^3T T'S) 'pbp-5' P'»^ (3 -'ftmp 'D'pPB 3Cnj (S"!?") 

ir5ni 3CV i'-j ''?i p nn:'^ ybn b» -nw /•) ib ^nftc '')»> p '""37 
, I'br bi; iiran: ipMtn ?i»5D ''D ibift O'oc rf)*?: ?»» , imp '"-n 

?W 15D»C 'b3331 OD nnftC 0J5 15b> , D'TPbTO 0» 0> p »i: ''5\ 

on'pbro nsnn jin , j"-) on^» ftbc ?r» 3C'b ibn?0 b'x jsp' O'boso 
'3"rft or ?ft^3 ojnft . E'p I'ro'jb ftsbn con wis :"■) wnc oniM 

P ftbl , 0'3CV VD STO ^31 bP "JSS M'SO^ 0'bl7» CTObPO p 
03»P37Pb37P 1501' '"51 3155 jftlJ 00 . IW HOT ODD 00J5 0'T050 

rnmr j'jo p35 r*'wi . (f) Vj pbw) 07'55»3 7to iwb '""5 ''OC r»3 
pft vane n"ib ibi^o ''■) -jjiftc ws ,'r>bDn'3 pwipn Of'ft3 ms'C'i 
/3-5b D'ls ft"-) pi (oy:m i'tn) nis'p onft ircw; ftbc on nnmw e"*? 
cnnipc? ni»} 'n^y tv wrb b'-ji (p3C7 '"dd) 'ftoi' p d't b» 
orun . v»b IS? o'»vp3 m 'n'3 orft nrb icftj? no '»b 7w 
on'nbro pT isj nnib odd "jisw p ft^pj ''o 03'C'0 oipjJD ofr?) 
'» ,cr)ii530)D 'in b? j^pb 133 tPi' 001 ftrorn on ift jiftjo bift o'bnjo 

ftlpj pbl , nniC3 D'7'DbpO 13D' T^ OCl , YOOVi 'b330 5"-) IIDD 
ftlOl /ftP30n D"5 ift 03'D'0 Dft*) , 01W301 , ftpSpn tf> 03'D' Of OlpB 

pi Of b3D 71B b"ji . 0'7'r)^ 7Ti; D'7r)WD 017)5 'P3 ifcn ibnsob 

pi , 7TOPb ib'RDO lftl E>"»3D 011P 7TObb OH'nbPO O'VnPrC O'C'35 

7» onn J3J5 pnb'O 'n'S p ftb , 03'p3 i733P3 obni oburb iP'X«3 

C1P31 031 '»b J)5f Orft 71P 7TO»b ibs' 6b P3 »'1D1 PIplJ'POD IDO 
T33 03'DWb O'imO 101310 pbl , 07*3 O'IDDO p'twb 0'f>131)5 VOC 
Wn 'b RbsC O'Blp'bs) 'IBM 1110)53 ft31)50 017)50 l'3> T'PPI , ICP 

. ('131 '") b"7C '» oonc> 



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60 11»» D*' MC 7'3)5i ?Ctf5 S'nft 0D7J Ot TW (5 

55 r\r)tt '3 nsB" ft'c incs DP7>r i''f 37? 5ro»B osnft (I 



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j"-) 6i? 



- /f« - 

\p^ ^jy^iim , i^nn:nD nyp , n^e^^n ^yir^ ^ni^uHS htd ^ji>^ »o 

[IS WD HK BT^K c^>» np-»S u^niJKD nmn r\^^Jn vh now »*? nn^v 

f o^t^i on^n nS ^nnro hdi ? niannSi •ipnn'? o^iKin W'y^v *?y inan 

) ^D ^DVT ncfK , nonsi an^s D^onK d^dutd moipi oS^pTi o'^p^iK "^ir 

K*? ^nrKni ^nniD** niy^n nriK nwi ^ dhd ^dp it nn\n k*? nSnna 

"TpttTD Kin 3*1 d:dk ^2 f inyi yiDB^S nsnw '^s i^h33 not? i*? ^-^^n^ 

• o^*?D isyD3 oj OKI vSy inyi ^"^ ijn ^Sa*? pjy o>b^ 3*?in ^a 

^3 f i^y D"J ^j^w WK Ytt^i oDni lyn*? '^r)^^n -d^ Dnin in nn)« 

on^Tn IT ; inDS o^yns^io) Du^e^*?on vkwd p"* i^»< ^'jyk pco fit 

r''*?Dn ni^K'?! ^ d^*?! dh^ no kS ok\ , wthd dsdS hk MunS pimoS 

Ds*? i^K 0*10 131 itsfK DDK ^ n^3 DDjin unn I© i«i^ OKI I HKT wy 

|.B3nn oy nnjK cj^'^nn'^ mi nyo inT3n*>^'?w n» ntt^K ^ ^jki ?ioy 

for r'?y ^nyocr h"? , n^3 pn mijiKn Tiin njiCTKin ^-^x h2\ , n^'Bf^ 

jienpn ^o m nty yiK k^ oars i dir ^jdS ik op'?*«'? nm ncrKO nsn 

|ir?yj IK , fn nn\Dnno mK"?y isy k"? wk pi '^nyT *3 ^ D'oty? yi 

I »3BfrD uj^K B^'^Kn nt ^3 / r3py3 en dikis' nivon *?3 dj noty^ ok ^joo 

f pK f nonsi n3V3 S'^cnnS iSdi^ ny ?33 k^ ii?k , pK ^inioo pi 7nK 

i Sy ^j^y3 0J1 I'cf^ D3nn ^:iy3 n^jnnK niSyo nD3 'jdj niipo rm m 

[innipj !Ki r uSip3 y:2tt^^ nny innosn ^mi . i^ocf pixn ijj unjo i3i 

Fif?©: lyiTB ^*? e^^ n^n niina 1315 K^t!^ "^y *?'» oioKon — , oipoa 

lo^oi^u on ('K ^1^ ^1y3 ^loo K3ion) '3 yo niya noKb anpi ny 

. ons 1H3K K^ ittfK , i^ni3i0n3 "?*! D'3oin ^131 u} ^h 

[fic?'!? w^ ?» (1 . o": ''D nsi ^irnnj? rpnj»c piiro "jms 
Ifiip) P'D fftc , 1CP 71? tsjon n^er? o^)i:)p? 7ir)i te ?>ii3?d inift 

PP33 f)>^ ??•>(•» ^"^DD^ Dn)5ti VO DW p')D >»)) ^ICD? D^3 071J5^i n^3 



:rifo 0^1573 fc5w ^»ip o^Dipb TO s"? '^D npn '3imj>3 (1 

to 0?13f) IPnS 1J1> 'JJ ^ vriTDi ipn3 ♦•jJDi n356l 7DD *o D\t)1b S^ |>'C"577^ 

rip7i>3?i o^iin 7p^3B 'r vJ6 fti^i ^ 7Dn :>didi ?n^j?5i*i ?7ip n^cfiii , riw 

'*C*0 V7> J31 1^>fi 7J* , 7Pe3n W)1 3P C^'^p? li 7)3ft|; 7P 7TJ5»i 0313ft Cp31 
^'7 1PD:» P*33 3C^i r7^PP 7)3 ITtJ ?J5.l*1 ift V'ft , 7JJir Onfti 301* 

o^3Cv wpi3p:> rc^ b\ I icd6^ : Yit^ i^pd r'pi "o^i^Jp 7i5ip ^jfti o ^ ; p ' :* i 
n5Cj5 "JPK^ r03 o*3Cr r? wpuD? b ^3 i*^? ? o*?p ':n '7 p") idop pw 
?^p *!) ^ rscfti 7PP p 3'd6i IPO? ip fiipn? rftnp onpiJi icp 7P tsrsn 
^*? fti iDOi ^ Drj0P3 7o1p ?>? of) DPn if) 6)»i isft lip t>^? oDnnc^i c»m 
(D^nic) — "r^P Jp f>D7^i b)b o'TPO op t^? 6i '3 ipd? r*3 f57p> 

7* 



— 48 — 

p-r>Kn umpo n^3 ^^•wnon win (m nKjp) m nx\ CpM "iruj m^ ^id 
IMf trm nD3i » aiH'?i oik'? ^^n nn niBrw hddi ; u^r^ npio i^njn^ 
rr?y ik , ^sS rn^ni) uwi lajnji ponn lyt* nnci: ns?n na"in D^iDD„ 
r?^D«> noinn nncpy K'^tf nc Dn'»::tyr nm mrioi D''nv D'^vtm d^s^ 
nr^n WK) tt'Dpn nj03 D^ncn^n n^Dnei . dSij?d mnsrinnri, 
Dpn *3iv 3n pi ^D o^nyn npin to*? ynu ptt^«in rrnpo C^aiS Kin, 
V)j?^ K"? oniioni , nn^ Sd on*? laoi f^^^ ^i^n w ni«nt ov^fi^i 
/ Dn^jn«a onaj? nx n^iri nn'^^) i on^^ p*i yio*? umK o^ay^g 
WYK nnt^ nD:a-i ttov n^ty n'jrn «*? ny^ wnh^ itsn n«D3 dji^ 
miti« iCDB? ^D , tJ:t7« pKD (3np py^u) D^norn nonSo nyniJ. 
mr\H ro nnn n?3 ciin nnHi . o^jicp docd nonsi i Dnwn im\ 
#-oin^K'? itt^K HK D'3 nnarvDHi ; I'^str ru ^dii*? n>3ii3 m»n trtw, 
MDnn^n.DfWD ,nTBn ^d : mow t^^\'>^ Kip3 nt •^rtnt'^D luyn, 
nfewDKnD^smiBPKVi rco nn*n njimKnc^ ; tdk^ ifin*? wt nrxn. 
npon^: h*? c'^yts' nn^o ^^ niKi pm yi "i*< , mnoio *?d pro'* ^Sfcn^ 
oon oittr '^^ «•?! o'^an o^y nn^xiS hm nvn*? nioirirnn ojt no^nnj, 
non^K -CK"? ni3tiK ciit:i:?^i 21 «3^i *?'n c^idk^ ii7k o'Jiya o^nno ih^ 
n^iom m*? r\H:ip7\ pK ; ^mdd 'ornn nh ^3 inya pn o^jittki ODntt. 
lan^nj ny D^^KyoBT'* m*?>n '^:^D7^ -ov^m .nsmD ^"731 f dd^ i^on nn^n, 
laiM u^DKH py^) niKDiD mKD nes ^yo: , yjnvon ^anyn mi3^ 
, ona iiD^n iy cny loim nt?K lyi d^kd in^ii pyif p^nSyio vnn\ 
^:y Dn^on ny p nnK cuc^ pT ^2 Nsn^'^K ^oy iiyy ts^oo hd^i,, 
oipca ny ub^^ o^oeiB^ nosi . nD>*?m^ n'y^ Bn«n niono '7321 nyT2„ 
■»iayD Doyo oai ^ «iBniyS on'j^t "ijd d^ij*?k wn y^^in nocf bbb^dh, 
D^D'jBnD Dun^jn hk wn ret^i -»]2K 3*?2i / om ^r:ya *?p piS>n^ 
pn n^rcn n^m nyn ^Jt:? n^a ^0^3 ^Kit2f^3 dj h^di , ts^tta onyiDi^ 
•jnan "^nann htoj hdi ! nj^'s rnt nrn r njioKn ^^uya d'»i:b^ iiaya, 
^TCKa pi HJiffKin , o^wjK in^*?w nitt?D*? jiT^DDni Hjiann ^Tn pa^ 
ly n^im smai rs ynta oj nnnK3^ noiDC^oi na^Kn n^^tym ^ nyi^ 
*nD ni ^ry n^ D>i^m apy^ b)p h)pn 1 "12T? -ors Kipcn nt ^y mn^ttf, 

wvtf? TiPBJ TK D^nn nD«2 ok t npiKi ^^•5K iiy awKi 
»*nnK imi T5>av "jk ^thS ^:a'? p*?n^ 7k ^oy iid p'^nm^ , ^anw 
^ !«*? ^^n^K nhu )03 triH oiis^ kw*? ^^nnsn^K . "hn irw aipn 

0^1^11 nnaicD ^iis ODvy iiffjc^i uiS nu^yo iyio^ ii^yc ^ba pi 
T^K 0; ^)jn , '►jiK i*7nnD nm nss ok , mmtKi o^K^n k^3 d^jdk^ 
om ^ TH02 nnoB^i jwc?*? ^'7 n^n^ -|ni;K ny ovi ^ ^ikdi vtfti *?33 
^mi'?Dnn ?iu^y3 ^jk yn oycs oyBs^JKinu^y mioS nt nah ,pK 
Tf?D^ OK 100 trpSK nm 03 F|K — ? H^yn ' mniDi t? nn*? mpn ooKa 
7ni3«pnD r\H ^^ymno "^inn hn r >33S oy iis^kd 13i u:i^tt^nS p'? i^'^y 
rma ny oji ,njnn«n ^nuna o^tpiun "^Kity^ n^iioipi o^j^jyn "js '^y 
onai '►ni;K3 hkvo ^3 nsro wk ni^en oyo >^ ip^co^ K7i ^jikShS 

^»W1 l^^yS D^aitt K"? 0^131 DJ ,13 IK^OJ '2 HTlK pPI , D^31B 

13T0 iiyJD^ Tf^'i'1'^0 o*<^ ' *vi3n k*? wki t^ ir3> nPK nyi*? neosj 
D^poy jiom mntt^eKH nnia ^3 noKa i»k .mnsini nvKi3 oya ^n3i 



— 47 — 



Mini^K) cAiy*! p*?n *J»3 irK D^Dj?n 3n ivoKn^ nj?ni ? nr wna 
o^Di mJiDHn ro^x n^n onn^ mro rntn nSr^en *ip3S (i^pnycm 

13*1^*? UnJK IKtt^J mWD pKi p:p 'JD Sy 151*? l!?*H b*? jWl tjn^i 

«•? "n^R 0^131 laio *7D ijinon'^D inpJi nre*? oiDno D^tsr^ «!« ^ J^WTi 
i)vyo i^K 1BPK p»n nn «Tn nsa e^oiiy tij iji3 pinnj urn*? ? o''M'95 
'o3V"»Ka i\nH Kvnn nm aw'^nw ?'?ia3i pin*7 o'dd pKi inYiic^ 
ddSuj nnD3 unjj tt^nno iky^ mniDKi mrp nnt^o ncKD nn^ij tb^w 
JiunnKn mKD mjB^n ipron "jd n» nor omrin k*> "npn ; nnio 
vi^V "inpti i&H us ^ , nu ijnjK p «•? ? dik^ Di*<n ^oc^o *?y 
in^Mi , nyiK ^3m n^yj no uixo t^dh d^mi nev^r.mK nmn*? 
HDHK nm^n nyo ibtk , ijniin wi ini^ n^jnS ^yy ^jf an inB*? nw* 
oy\ oy ^r© Sap: aiDn hk dk p"i *d uioSn nrnam . njira o^^ni 
D'?D f?y nSyj m pi a n^ryj 1:^3*20 ii£?k d''U3 ouptncn d^dotdsi 
QnKttrji , ?Dc?*? o^aiipm n^^n^cwn i3min n^o^n Dn^t'v iKcrvr? biai 
Dy pi D^ija iicH^ T«T I mji^in ^*73ni ^en Sdd o^^pa 013*? orn iy 
niiDMn pitn^i 1^311 pn ; s^^Trai nni02n3 nin 7njn ^un paai o^n 
diddS , njify c"n non iipk n^pi o^tsiipn o^Dy '7tt? iin ^3iid an 
nays ihk on'n'?! , kub?*? >:iy ki^o*? ' injie** Sy i^pnS 1 nt w n? 
nBD"? SiKB? 'poys D^jrcn dk imn? inai n*?K pi . ini^DC^nS nr 
m ^%'2 "^y loiDCfS o^jiDDH ^©D pi uaois ini«^ sins ^kii?^ ^jiino 
? K^seoK ^\sm nhn ^3 oyi pK '^^o iicn*? b'fjn o"?ik ; k'qddk pK3 
HDipnDD H*? 31^3 ifiD "Js r\«iD oy:D^i D'Hnpn p D^Yynf? teu Dniosn 
^33 onfiD D^nnDi morns on^33 o^oy p ou^ie^n iimn ^on^rn^ 
? nD3i irnK 11J pi I-* n'?irti un'^s^ Dyo ? nifi^yoi j^jy b ^y mnoS or 
, ij^rc^'? pio iiy ):iD^iy> iwk neini pp nsi nt^Hsi ^ 33^ nKjcrs pi 
ens D'^ipim uneps 133 e^j^son o^oyn '►omo nsm ija nisfyj ncT 
D^'?^3B^o onyj ono iidbtp i'«i ? njB^iJ nym *?jiin ^30 wmm n^mto 
, rtrpm poiy inn nip'^Mo nuwn ^*'y pi ? onipBo ^nes istrt ^^JS"? 
D^K 15J D^D^n ^D nc^yj nssi ^ oik mub oovm30 ^ms 0^31 d^iohsi ^ 

— . ncf n«i^i nosns D>io«jn onnsi le^^i , tok3 o^pnw nn 

ninin nwjp dk rtSss Di«n po*? ini^ yin ^0 iiy n«i3i nsic^a 
»yo nc T? pWHi , 1^313 '&\i noos o^ncon m ns^KS ne^m 
WK r3B?oi D3n f ^2T\H2 nn^D inK*? nt juys ^nsre 'tc^ko onsi 
rSy oj>3 ^3ip3 '2b 13^3 13 ^131 ^10) , on^ai r\H m> iitsfo*? '?an 
1W1 /n'^sy^niTn^ usi Kin o-^oi rms m nujoa rc) , oy»n o\3 nay 



- 46 — 



man ^ yanin y^Dtyn nuK yna nasi ? nonai '?Kptn^ naaiot 

, myi *rTp nina m^mjie^f d^Sjdi on^p D^:j^nDn npyt pn . nonai 
nnin • Sk"«s^^ n^^*? npiDS •Jitsfx'? dk ^a nmi *?'pinS k^i •tijyS t6 
miTiDD nsriKD n*?ija nroira oijj nana n j^anin "5^D»n ono 
o^o»D WD'?! Kin cu oil iM wiH o^t^a ,niim ^3? inuo e^r^q r'una 
nDsnn ijdo o^Snjn nSic on7J*6 ^wtj "iiasn inj j^iui ^^js^a hm^j 
r> ynpn hS 3ie or h innn Knn m djok t rnina oj ono inKm 
wo ijj c|ypi pna ^nnn nni*? t^jb t*ym u*? niaoD tnnB3,ai!3 m 
innnc ann loin djdk p ^ nps-* y-it "sd vinss nss tk nr« ^r^Hn 
D^ oDrn jmjn hko i*? asr^n pior nt ^231 , no inin^on dti mni 
3^ hy >ijD*? HYDtsri HK^tt^ nan inw^ 0!< ntn oj hki , S*r ipp^K 
«IK ^r*<a ^^n ttf^*t lya pn*? k*?i ? lovya njinon a*? bv oj tK ,Kiipn 

nnn SHOcr Knn o*My^ y? onoKO noon iniKVi'? ir ? np^i rt u^oani 
r 13S npnn*? H2n ^2 pjsn ro»3 eiim ^b*? ono no'?Ji ro-^o pn 
aiiai , piin isDt2?D3 mai 'ja'y^^ mtt?^ ^3 udhd mpn lann «'? ny test 
*aipa ^Bj^niy {T^ ^70) anni 5 D^'?3in "jpea inisn'^D oyu *7poa innrt 

^^hh'O'i udo niK^ nnj? d^ryi^h 0^313.1 •♦iBra ^3 ^n*?mni r iDn vrcmi 
byy • 1KD t"2V p»j?D^ IK ^fin ^121 nv jikto^ kS -nypn ^Kits^^ nnp 
^03nD nsnn ^^^ys nin tar^Kn pp k^ ojdr ^3 , •jkibt^ ii!6 hiir nt 
unM3 o^pioyn mpnoi niK'?D3m nisnn rmy^T ito uopD mt o*un 

. nan o^j^^yi mjw?3 on>ifiei 
mrh y^r\ h*> p»mn renews nioR *\wh inan ^k jej 
^•nii , i^nnoK '?33 i^vik k*?dk to . ibid iy '13 kwi Bnin 
IK , ono Duvijn D'^cnpn pn uniin pitrf? nao vn k^ '^ktw^ 
mwn ^*?3o ^moj ni33i nosi o>iJ3 1131*31 onn^ hif inoim imm noa 
oy in3D WK n^KH omsKn ? mn pino non n'JKn , \rov\ m on*? 
n^Kcr nK ikd iD^yoni nm nSnp iT^ois^ni / iSon k^ ^kic^^d nn 
^y niDBT ^3ni3D ny i^rya b^3id ^oy ^1131 d^u3 pp nunn Hnisn 
nwB3 nrn ny ? piBr^ hdik*? o^JinnRn n^R wv noi ? niioRn 

^331 '7R1B^^ m3 iniDC^D ^ IDW IRB^J pain IR / DflUtt^ flp^HS 

nni?3 onMtoi cp3 CJ113 ifiiY; DniaSa o^ner^n on^s?Dni^n^nipni n^teero 
iroT ^nnR ^ /Dnipcoi om^Rtt^o oyo r^ nyiD^ noxn n? 1333 .y^pTi 
^yi o^i3in U3^n^i rrwy' t iucr "jy 'oi oanfi^n"? o^pny o'Dsn 
mm I my-n nuioR nuna t^'^yo 73 rm^ ntpR3 iir nij on^3ii 
fjD OD^ "jnin 3:> Rf?n o^i^on n^R nt ntei r npiin mpm nna^n 
o^n3T3 u-Qi "jyoa r*?i nnoa r*? oanay ^ytPcS irbt^ itdr^ ori / ttt 
iR2?n unaittrn '^^jitr us^Sini wn xh:!is ^3 ^ njjrai r\H^m^ pi n^Rn 
^VD ^Knv^ mix nyiD ini^ nan T^ya nan onyn nt ^1 ; hjn 



— 45 — 



W03 r\rt\ • ^j?^Brin tefit^D*? inn oipn pc?*? te / urij htdk ivut 
nw TiDTT^T !ipoiPi K"? mcnn •mS liow o^t^JK idj ini 'm "jaa j 

iTOKH^ ofpwn 3n^i DDin^TB^K ,Qj;3 o^KJponD KTK nnv .3crp 

■jKwa niyifi ynfi3 p*j nooiy? ntvn ^d uhtSid pint anm ^3 p^¥ 
r mran nipr^riD n:itarHii i^''Dn d^^^jh nu3i nos . 3*? ^yr\ nu'?fiDi 
, Txyyann Ty m nas :3^iKn iy npa dj nv rora? k*? «^nn ronon t^Ki 
«*? nonSoS d^^iti m'^onn ^d ik ^s / inw e^tffi inn y> t« iJ^^n V>i 

? vipia tt?^K) WKS ty^K Ton'^Ji Skic?^^ t>K"»ts^^ 130310^ ont 1^ nnn 
, Tna «*? pr ^y r mpnn np2;i 0ki ^k nn*? Kjpo ty^K '•nK rf?v 
■jiBUtef^ ^}*]n niDB o^m hkij ik ; {^ik2 n*?^!© pw^ i^ n:nnn uu^yi 
■iB^K D^tt^^Vcr T^ "^raro nhn ^d , nneityn onnnK j?pn^ ponnt cnm 
in^3ni nnKi / trh nitnum nwinn ymi2 yc2 t^^K on^^^ya p «S 
;Dnn omen n^ttJittr? dj onoyi ,T»TnnOKit?^ nnp -nnD*? p naryn 
npi*?n my p^3T n2i / urh on»i D2^n2r'7is^*? p ic^y^ u^^tn^a on^onni 
nD^^Do^ya on>oai u*?it« n:Mip?nn'» WK2,nDSDaipaDj iiiyin 
niffK njno minD rncm n«-© ^7 kh .ain^o^ni D'»jaTi pi , outrun 
HTi nttfK in^ niy k^ *?KBr , omt) k*?i riiD'?:r n^nipm t\'^\d^^ ^aa 
*i\ WD *! onB^^n D^Dsnn itk onm luwo nxp i'?^3B?nn ^ tJ^JcS 
rt7)nh iiy nsjn ? onnnK QT'ja:» no la^en oki ? D'^mit^\ onb ^^niu , 

nyiDE7n nK3 ny mnnH:i mo n^n «*? dki ? Vt D'^nonn u^ry iiko 
onirtS on^pyS jimn uoy nfiio ni?m .on"? ncin u^Bfyji DMii msf 19 
p^Tvi pa "JBPK nnjKa iD^n nna ni hydh tb^ic .n^p^H m *?3nio^ 
DJ i3ffn )ov o^nc^xni p-innn ni '♦d yj riKin todi ? ik3B'?h ^"iy 
m^fc3o 'JRntff^ nnKBT •^xn jyo*? ,"ikd n^^ymi jm-D^S Dfunni oniup 
D2nnD'? riDi ? pjyn nn toj"? no ? lan m prb no tdkh jdi . >iq\ 
pno*?! 3^K2n^ K^i \moH *7Dd Sin ncfR hcsk:! Tpinn ODnn na ryjoi 

OJDK p ; I^^BTK HT *7y ? tHMBl'?! yTfiH DIpD Hyi*? DK ^3 inOJC 

^ nanon 0>k wno y» tf 3dti ^211 inij p j^ikh Syo o^D«f niua 
niDin S^fiH) no\n ly D^oye? myn npioyn m^pai ^2 r\yv nhn o^k 
ni^-iDJ hiSaio n23 0^ -whd nixi inr cm'? nrosi ^ ms nnTira 
TP p pytn niSpi nipSn r\^Htn 102 i«pk car "lyt oar nyt niifiwn 
crpSinnD nann yj n^i ib^k lain «mi . ]}^m rueiyn ap2 nnno 
niTDHan rniBrnnD ikd nnu ^2 , i^inK D^2BrDini Vt o'^ODnn bg 
^ nmnS msTo S'^sbto h^ , *nip •^a aS nmim rwyw\ ni^ryms 
HK aiy ^Di ; r:iA lyoBf J K7 nB^K nn^HDi ma mann y^3fn djok 
y»)n^ Brorn moyni inajn '^QVQ ^v idk ib^k nnc tdk^ my U7 




— 44 — 

inKJtsf nH ni*<nrr? n^^nn nnn .mmao ^n'ja niir^'?o ^eiya iJW? 
pT ^iDo cw 13^ m rmenh nio^nn pi Snt?^ nnip nano t:j rwSfijn 

invDi , roHi ^oi'^ttf nniDi c?pM tt^^^a luaf? '"^^SkS inn iiys nojn 

n^K inai ^)K IIS^K ^tS'^K ^TDK H3 PDty 0*71K • O^IO'Un IJ^HK Dl^Bf 

, *?»n yn ^in nam wa pe jy^ * or i^r hd yii^ ^di itJnSni noino 
ran la^i , u^^y nip n^iiw n^3 nei^cr onni now n^ncfon ik'>d> 
om^ 'n f unKo no nh l^y^ , mKoS utvd) nuan:>i d^jjShS uifTKa 
nw n T n o p n i^ ^mjn — , rrJD is^yn "jki ^iko cjin "h tok^i u^w 
•?»! >^ni2»nD *?y ^oy ^J3o inK"? ^anpi nnw iid^d ^"p i-r^^^^n ; oycn 
ttnnK If?! , ^n-Tots^Do nri ^jyui^ pun pn d^ki , mn uuya inai 
jn . (niBfy ot? pHifD'' dk hdk^ miCK wk) iids d^b'^k ^"ui^ w 
l^K ^3 ; -[fUTDKi p'Tia^'* Dy^ inxiK pi ^o i^nnaKD nmo nioK qidm 
miDKH nniDi mv6 pKnon otKa i*?*?s3 dikh i^dS eim pKi 5n« 
tsr^HH nK inKjttf n*?njn , ly^a d^^pi inyi m v^k myf?5 nc^K 
'3 rrTxi nrn ty^Kn ren*? inyn kS p^ron non te ^di . . • isnon 
t*»y oD^^pnrfM , omira opmnn^ ran n^Ti nn S^a rn Skw> nnix 
pinj 0^113 nJiDKn 7y mtssr D^ini^i o^nipoKm o'rDrt^y'MnoiK^ 
nao rn uS n^^lp '^ ^^i*?i ,oi^ *>^2 rmc} njM onsHOi toikh imp 
Kfi^K n^K uv-WD wni*?! nnK ^3 / Tiy "jKitt^^ or idv «Si un^nan^ 
ron mn ? oy^ '%ij na ib^k nKtn niim ny^ao f?KT0'»'3 r\wn 
rmn i^tok k*> d^diy nem o^uj^ri j^y hktd*? omon tea) . inai 
nSnrn , piin hdkS ^j^ya nitui ^m on^t^y a^c^n*? ^n« n©K dh 'iir? 
^a") '^ iD«^ ^aa *a |UmiK nanna ^^y iwonn uh ,t? noiK nia ^lan 
^cu 46 ^a naifiK k^i , nrn di\i iy niyo ^jdo "mv bt^k na ^^'prn nh 
on rr?;nKDi ^rcj "^aa ofoiK nn ^nariK^ -ntn lana loo dj ^ajK 
nocrf?! nuT7 r ^muo ^d> ^ntpipn * nuai ^n^n nS , ^noiarji ^nn 
IV n^epn ynsa) 'nnaieS ^a"? K'jn ^ ^nn^o hhi t&\ am 1 nnanna 
•^y n*7H0 poyn *^a^ ^a*? nK naan H>nn nK*?Dxi nanK pi jsk • (219 
Bcron ma ^niKBrm .nan wa^no*? >d>x^ dk riaitt^^H "^a maarno 
ivp rm^ yfr >m . lafiis^'' >nyi hv o^yinni / aa?"? nK>in o^^k^ 
T?nDa 0*73 nnKn^ isfK >nK '?3 n^ian"? ry« k"? , maiao yacn nn 
Sm 13 laS inn n» qiS iokSi ^ na*?*? wi "^n^ y&H hn aTmarno 
^'^H f njia^ *?KiD^ Di:fa ib^k w^« bt^k*? lotK pi » i*?^KDrn Ski u^ohti 
by ua"? pvnio ity niSip'? f^nno ok iiy invai f na^ ^oy i^ai kh 
, Dro*9 {*om onm iniai onywna non ^ftsfSoi p^ rono onwrS 
'j^^ya in3i Sy i«i« kS . niin^ nnKr"? ^lai stki a'l *»n nt loai 
riD mn pp . V'n ipna^ n^ian nixioi nyno o^ai m^nr^ \t mn 
13^^ K"? i^K iiy o^c^H ti^DK^ if? 0J1 . naJT J notn i;a pi pan , ikd 



— 43 — 

n anDD 

/*^ 1 tt K X 1 *? T 1 1 *? H 1 D » YiriD *\p^n D^m i)2ob nsi^i lV» 

*?3i3 ^HK^j DJOK^D ,1^'?K o^'?D inyS n^ n« Dyisn i^j? ^nifiua 

^nKJrD pi Ka nr\i ^2W ^ ^ ^n*?itSi '»'> nut?i niOKi priK mpo 
er>«'?nDTDn rhuDnrnvh) inn niK^'-Brw w/jon KUtr ^m^ i?^k*? 
nK ny2 man^ nBfyoi dwd '^ds vdti hivn D*?Mn ,1103 np^ ^nj 

majr '^Yna r^y nns nn^i mnn Bf^nn hv iSip mpnn nj?D *d itDtn 

n^HK ^noKa i^iHK npai >crwi ^ pd^s loo ^nn yi »^ iiy , dvti 

r\in ^D^ b iiyi nnp oj pi r ^^a^ ^poyco d'^kitivi oyw oyc^ npDim 

nnK f tKD3 D^ann^ inn D-jyiino p« * ^aip HD^ifis *nK T? oipo 

*w 3K3^ 13*? n? inyai ; nnoK i>3dd> yjB "jyo ^ni« ncfij p ,^jnyjD 

[Kinn cr^RH lyD"? «S f mx^ p^n'v ^jytf? ^jjdS . '•e^w ^t'y nwni *aS 

|*nn« nuiDi nnn — •"Tih pH sa^n oji i*? yin'? yt^) y\^2 hj wk 

'»3 K'TD ncs p iriK niDKi I inD3 km unpnTii iniyji ^jn'^nrn mo 

IDBT nK i>2tK mpo ^23 is?K '*Jninim / mod noe^n^ ^wii |dp hkm 

mcry^ ^nS hk iiy ^miy kS ^bpdid dj dk cjk r nn* inmS ioshk kS 

. nyo ^JOD mifij pmon 31 ns ! nnK • ^nn^nee oipo dib'I nms 

^OMitffKin 1*131 i^^y ijj ri3 o^a , nny lyi nJiB^KTi oyBi '•*?k ii3i 

np'jn *?3 ^iDH*? u*j^3 niyin nK n>0 ^0 / u^Jtsr pa in>3iM D^JiinKni 

nDnpn iniiHs ity^sm p mpfin oiDK p .a'JD onn^ nanKJ nmo 

o niDKi (^nyi*? noKn icn) aniK k"? 3\nK ki.i *d m^ iKn ic^iM 

iKtfiTK MR IK i»Da KUBT >J0D 3nK iiy "js (oinK) nn^ n^nnw k*'k 

o^tpm in^Din iJW"? rum . 1^121 non rhu i^cn (iin^ dj D*m) istHK 

^oip ^tn in> iKn noot?n TOifys Kiai anoon c^kis '2 ^ inSo *?k> 

^wnK nKBf^ oj nKT o^D^ m Ksn jiinKn isna^i ,n3 ly ijrtjo iju 

ittfK (^2viK nnK D^'K) Tin' nai t^h„ ibid3 nonn ik i^ncty *?y 

,inK Bf^Ko iHK yjia •?kuoi ainw cf^miy wki k>i ''larDJ n^yji 

trpm inem Ki^n ni no"? , n'^r loyo Kipn"? nran k*? nnK dki 

V1310 "JD 3nK,i^nKMn,nDi3Dn inB3 i^Sjii tiDlJj na ly ?^iDyD p 

niiDio b pnj7 inin* kS t'D3 3i» nSi / siarn* rnoc^nDs k? lerK 

nDK3 i3in Hit jH ny nnu nnyi ? n^B^ini ipno^ o^yi p n^^^^ 

iBTK MK ? i©3 mi V **^^ ''^i**'"' i« ? ''^^ l«^sr" o naDK3 snjrnnn 

ii3y3 p iniK KJCTK jUTODiiTOD 3wn^ kS i?>Kn nK 03 K:ePK nh 

rh-y ,Ti3i itki 711 nne lo^jebo uniK p k^ ?iniD3 aicmn k*? 

's^y njn ly loni qi'joo lisrr? rn^ jk nKi . pmy a"?) sipo onw 



_ 41 — 

iYiKt3 r\Q'^t:fin j^cfn*? ^Ht2 ^wt^ nx)y nr i^ . oa^ nirhtfm mn 
up ipn >Bf;H Dnn> kj , ^^ys Kin nsn ib^k ^dokt n St? Dneon 
^:c?a wtsnHnp Sp o:'^K nnnp i^» KDnwea ocun Kinn 'on '•jvdS 
)iptn i&H n^^ n»3 iJnn i&h hz nnin e^'>n2 ds"? ch^H ^jki ^ o^sns 

jn"? no tt^Ypm nroK nuyn or omai isf ©33 *i2fK ijn ynn ^jk 

p A jn^p*? i^mnn nrm nijvynm mr^on dj?u^ njirnia ^nrei:? 
13^iK3 pin' OKI, rnn 'jy innjn^ ^y^ona oiKnu ynea n^yio ^moy 
"ddk^ oy Y^tfif pas^ ntz MPrsr ; "ii^oa inK^an *?« ia "ip: , hth^ 
• imam pioa ny '•JK^an kSi , Tn*?nja nerono ^Jnt^-u kb^k 3*k 
^nanK nnKScj p^cnai noKa ^a / nta ainK yn ^» laK ^a iy ^nx 
nariK nn^n k*?) ^ yhn n ion lyro eyo "\ddd ^noi ^ ns ny ^Sk 
^aiK «•? njm ^ >iDy p «*? nriKi nB?yK hdi . nn:"i icrKa i^KvnS 
^R *a / r6H inai nnnD p^ren ip nanK '•anaa lop yis^ymyn 
o^Ycnn nc ^aniKo ht^k i^n^ n^na ihk ina Kinn Tinai n^n^u 
^3 D'aDn"? ?3iK K*?a^ no a^iKn by aoio 'di la nyi >3 noH^i ina^pa 
inanKa ntppjn '?^3C?''i ^n^ in p33 D*7p ^jai . inM kvi tdkoh kss^u 
^K (1^ i^Ki nnn^a) ia ipj ; f ny t?TD nJie^Ki oyea ^Sk iia-i tkd 
aiB ^3) p D"3y nK^n^B nnK oji jn^ ^d , ti^^^ (a^iKn hk) inK^an 
nncn^ wkij ncK'? ':nm3m ^^nyian yian nh dki (oan ni y j yiotr^S 
ona Sa*? iipk '"a ncoo n^Dip^*?! npnynS ^nvcif^i i^ea nmnn t?^K 
n7itt^ ^}3n f i^^K UDD innKH Kin nt anao ^ik ^a iiapai < ■•nn >^n 
, '>^Kn an"? )Dtn> '^y nip^co ttpoi t h^r^ xid"? nn:in nr^K my i*? 
, avinn >y k^pi |tnjtn ^y ci^rprcs 'jjh y nat pan Sy a^yja 'Siki 
n^avti ^nn , ^ercj jiaKi"? nanpn naon Ktn nm T^n ^a mayai 
. nm i-i'7V'? n3 ip aernjn kvi f iTin hk ijdd '^I'^tsrS ^jbh 
1 » ttf y ' tt?*K mi . 1 1 D a y V ^SiK f ompj rn^K ainK ^ c * a 
1 ^tp p i^'K o;t nun ^''j mo >aK ^^n^^a 71 noani imye ^ n^iyn \t\ c 
,lfennn*? o^anv D^iinn«-i ^ui pnyttfnn /nnna T7d nm niE^im /ui ^ n e 
.py 3 yy ,pya n^on ipn kj n\off • Dt? le^oxi b pn> ny pn ^^ 
w nvin , dSw loa many '*:d ^Sik en^T j^a o^^^k^ nay mn 
'":»y ntsrp njni • {fD 'n a"o) o^iaa np hmnz Vn f *?Kina ip^jynS 
. '>a nKisn nco j-'ai paifi^n nvi ')a noan nyn ^^Kn an noK**::^ poKn^ 
. o»aiB Dnin%n b k*? *?''m (ropm ^ca) mn^ 73 *?k -p pKn Sk pi 
pyo Kin viinm n? n^cr "73 yry hkik V?aai *'»^Kn an -pno nt pK a'^oyKi 
, , »Kn aiD nt man in3t m ouionpni , nn^p^u p ik ^eoa p pn 



~ 4t — 



TO ^r»J -JCfj 5")nDD 0)Dr)D 53P5} fiio ^iJ6 pDD pft (ns 
D\pfl5 \n?57p:J3 o^^nrs p ii53 s'^d ic nvfi^^i , ^^hiy^o j^s*) D\n^ 

D;cr)0 f)3wpi ^-j? ^;n p-D p np i6 3id:> n)5ft^ 6i o:d»3 6dt5 w^ft 

f)j5vi p*s3D3i • pD pn^D t p^'b , p^w )ft j^^f^^ ^ o*pciDj:> 
'*v)xn ipiDp p 'npr h 3-57 '*J5p 3"5 ■)3 fi^^nb 63*^ "JS pn y^ D^i ^5D» 

, 3103 •X>D3 ib i:^^P 6il • '\3 nr)^35 '^i fij3'5T ^ ipi3p 'n^3 3*^ '^i 
^^Md> *r>'3 7)33 '^D 3"ft , iD13p ftil 7P13p 3*5 *') *in3D7 OP 'C1T31 

^ 7»i3p if) bpi3p 3": d6io oft p&oo cniDbw *>D mOD O^ft'^lJ^fiO 
p'^PPft Oblft . O^iD pp ^'»0 be DDID D\in3 pftjr)^ 53^^ 8m731 

or^ft ^\i yiio w C'fi Dt ODb nojc on^pino 7^3 vo o^^no n\iiP 
j^*p piD pcbs 011PD 1P31 (cb:a5 nbp 'r) irorb noioi nin^-w 

^D^tl ftnft O^PPD Oft \Tim ('ft 7*P ]^p»:) WCftl p7 pD3 ^ pb3J:3 
'3P 1P3 niplDl PlJ'jftP p7 5f3 ftjp) DP3 ^JTOf ^D3 . 'nO DD^^DP 
^^^63 W3 pDPO ^i3 3''3 o^iSp D'bpps v^ ftlc nipippp V'^i /fcrw 
D'nftt , ]n3fb cnn •537 ip7^d &p oic^b oc vdd n'nD i375io i33i 

D^DPftt , 03 CPnCOi i33 *P3Di D3 D31D30 1f3 ftn^n3 >PW '^0 

• or^^ii oipob D'3n5 ro ^3 , onpo mi^iP otipj ro iift3 o^3WP 

pn^ (/D'5 P31DP3) 1f^;3Dft7 O^CP ^70 7'D DVOb D^i\3^ rO 001P3\ 
PJlftji '^0\ D3TD3 ip^D'50D |PF b On^PbPO Mft O'f?^ VOC b'^SC 
,pPD tjl^i Pi15 or b 1^1 ,Dlf5;i5 D13TO PV^CP Oft VDD Obp3 
9i'n nPD iP piD 003 jtT ,D'P3 DD^CP 0')13 VD C^PPHO b &"3PD 
p^ 0^31PC1 C^p031P VO ftb C^3PD0C 07C' ftDDI) COP PP7b 000 

7ip»io PiTP ooi bpo> , oo^pi3'^ 01C70 ftbc OP cob 1D70S on^pip 
^ m wp D"P3 b3pp:D OP 07^ ip ivt) p7 CP03 C03 ^T't^ , ws> 

OftnO OP ^Cft 3'5b bio 3*3 ft^30C3 p)^ . 3PtfO OP ^b3 otJp: VO) 

^fcTPOi 03 3^D3 '10 t 'Cft 37 13^P0 ^ft}377 'n3 7P7 Pr;W 31P3 

(ft*P7 h'D P1P3') lO^^bp OTP ^P ft?377 '^3 7P7 lO^^bp n3PD P\0 ^P 

W7P ftiO ft3776 pi bb3 ^)^P3 071CD 0:t /P7 bc ft^OO 031CP1 

. i»7:3 u'm) i»:jpi 

n73?e7 ^JDO o^-o?jn b itsfwi imin diWi Toi*?ti?3 c^in uam 
,in*?KtBf *7>n •jrDn*?7n 'losm ttt dj onoyi ^diw b^^8 t7^« i3i\n* 
jr^ Did nJiBTKin ,o>DyB onoenj run / «*ti neo ronyi nniK 
nfi* T^ji nvmK3 i"Bpn nja? jinowna 3'a nc^in n>itfifni JiUDKnn 
DBfD "b m'zn >iffip3i , n^on npnyn oy 3V td ; pj^ia n^j^oc^ Sp 
cnp* irifiD w Kpn 7omn i^ixn '»3 lyii . c^dd K 3«/j n^no im* 
D» WK -i)K*?3jy3 iiiMpH 1*3?^ lb 1303 / oSiy^ orojtn pH WK 
no^vi 11J? ;^Dn*? ^'nrmn ijtin dki — o^nay onDOO ^n; itm i33d 
.6 



— 40 — 

5') '^im'^))b , onir>fj5 fp "jwc iip npjsD . pwi "^incii P*PD5i 
o^^^ftiDn o^ftcni D^DX 03 bibn orD) Dfii^^i D*:in3 o^jisin o^bn: 

TEOi ':3ir>n? (3'D '^D) 7151 D^33 p^rb ilDJDni ,DM33 ODD W* -jcft 

P"^i?DO 3'i Mw opi ^o^iiiis oc i-jcob/D fiioc 15^3 D^rani 7Dt 
orn:* o my . :>wztio nin^i niDP Oi Di^3 dd^jd -jsnw ^d^^^ 
onjD is ipniD i^PD 1D137 niJ5\pn ort^ oft'JD d^'jdco "sSift^ tjl^ii 

03inp ]DP71 , Fiirth frbl r53p63 D1D70 Olpn 67-3^!? 6*D OitJs 

o^-wj) ^rDDpy) >)3 o ^ •)nv ■)n^3 Dr3 hiw 06 ^?nr»Dni ^r»3 inr 
pr!3 p of3i . Of DD 330^0 piDi! f)iD) 0)1 jnn6 -inb d?^)3i oo*)3i 

^ftjjp "^t fW '^5^)ni '7 fo7 pD P71D ]l6 OD)r» '-5^ '^Dioi 13^) 'p 

. C17)0 b op 

nDDJ) DWlpn 9rf)3 Dlft^:iCO ^Cpim 73if) p 1D7n5 P\7l6 (T 

OS*© 3i ^»n i65d^ pDO 'bi , nn 6i) -303 , >h f)ii o?6 076 a)D 

ftn30 p7 T3D3 7Dft3 lb6 b ^3 137 ^6 . '')5335 Dlf)^)P \ft niniP) 

^>iho [3) ^rrfo ^mi:pnf)%p onpD pP3 to d^'^^d \h '^6-3 or^fci 
, opfn nmc^ os^ip ^r^)3 "spft on373 fti o^)pp o^^7 oft 7ip os 
nnfc 0^30 mnDbi , ?ft^)pj5 o^3^PDb 'Dpi??) 6i ^ii6 003 o) oft t|ft 

r"*P ^333 ^P3'301 ODD 0')^)P3 3P^D ^n*3pm ^PP77 ^3 DHOi imjr 

rp3D7in ^>ift 7c6 oi^ppi oip)ift pP3 or \ro^ o^)"pr)0 i3i nipip 
. 73i y'yyi d^p 7u> iMt pb bift fsi otdd nin cn^D 73731 . n37b 

nWl . i3i3 pP p^U3^ 0)0)33 llftJp^ nV37P nib 7ft)3 5370 r> 
mPD3 yn ICWDO 03701 (pi?P5 D67) OblPSP PPDD oc f5lO 7r)lP0 

O7pj30OD3 fib •if),op^nD opn3 oboft ipppibipw onD)0 ib63 
ftb on (bv-»65 hn) 07^DO c7Db o^n73ip i)ft 1633 ^3 , f7P 

'>331 DITDO Cp)3 p7 np75 017PD p)P3 03D Pll . OPP 01D3 ftSJ)) 
rn3P3 ^3 IW 7ft3 ftlOl , ''7 1030 JJ3n) 'P il730 0300 F^P ^)TPO 
7333 ftlO n^P'3ft31 , Onn^C 1P3 OITP^D ni53 l)r)Pl bp3 ftlO ISO 
ftb 73P0 ftlO p7^D3 17371 1737 737 p 11)3 HPPS niJ3 DPJDl 7^nn 
OlJ ftb p7^D3 017P^D 7Pft 'o6 '0)0 n^D76 fft 1737C 713P31 niiO 
113)1 n3D3P OP bp 7^P0 ftb -p . 7173 Otl , '^OD OP 7Pft p7 bbD 
I113P 1)^6 >*'D7 D17^D D''3P pft ,3D133 ftbl 7Pl63 p7 ]^)P0 OC '3 
JlCbs 1737 b333C 7p^P0 pi r^73P ift On37P VO fib ^"630 bbs 

733 np)Di)n D^7iD pcb o ^"63 p ftbi pnp70 bp in^ipoi on5 

W P W '3 'DV '77 f)OP f nV 13-50 ^'foC ^bp 710^ pi . n371PDl 

, *17PDD '^7 'b^P)3 blD^ 



39 



o?n? pcio D'v 'b bim) . 'bin i: '*■) te w»f "jna t'-fi ?'ft ^)s^^ ' 

p»3 WP3 3'j 0D1 (3'p ''D 0'»7 0^»p) i'5t Oicn '"553 -JSft '•) 



iB 



fi1» 



1 " I 



»"' ')C3 15"n5C DSISS 5'"5 , •JVDTO 3D13 «P5CD C»n 
TTftS »715? pCft^r DOM fill? pb '*■)! . DlSlf) "jftC >?> OC W'D' 

iws 1W1 , fscfti DDnJ T5D> niifts iifici rf> lino fi'ons^ , 09»3 

C'^TO P'lC) Oill3'il03 D"nW >jft 7inii 0'7'J5iD OCC WO) Tntftc 

5))*ft nu'i iitDns 'r nift to'd*) 06 'jp&icn — . ('3 ''d fi's 1>>3 

3")i JVJ55 "JEO — .0^37 Tft «»» OD PpiiJSC OJ5nP5 'O ic 5"^» 

fti? ipin i» "jfj DD — ■ f)')iw '7»» ?t'ft3 onj 'P6 c '6j», 
pfmnfti o'fop "57D — ,(c'iD' '3 i'p P3C) "xxi ?7W' '"5 650)1 nwJi 

. O'Wni 7»1 00 TP'S ftlSD 7''0 ciniD DD3 DD7)D ?f ftlDC 31Tp 
P03 0>i\7)& 05 'P D) n'3 I'ft '3 1Plf>7i 7ftn 'DP) O^O 0'5'D x'' 

fsiD pR) >3 pjjfis ftw ftiD oft poi linnp) , opOn c pro ^h oai 
pf) 'Pf)D) pftfV , p'no?i ip)i ipiros fii5 pp ?)9i . P6f poii 

PTJiWi wiolP 7Dn D57 JO' , Ip'ROSi 5>5d '5 7»i): Cp3i 
5»'J33 "aJlDi Oicfcl , Ti'^b 3np3 1C571' Xf) /CT P7jft J» 'P' 

— .3pv '3)6 0D3' pft3 '3 ,D'norn Tipci ')5CPP ifi p) . in pftWPSI 
fe> oft po7i Y"55 (ft ♦? 'o 3po'7 'omft pTP i)')D jicir b3P Jft| 

SlTp (3 , "iOfO pft'iRi D'7Rlftr5n ftp 'CTft DVB JC ftW? C7i 
Wipm ,p 13 31P? ''?D '35iD17' OWR Ot'ft Of 3 C7Sn5 nci ''?D 'i: 
(ft pn3)P5; VT \'?D )3ft? Pft 3pO' iyi Jjft ift 'P")OCO '03 ''9 

0'Ci7J33 OD nnftp vnft '"^ftiJ io iiS'i ijft ift , D'7ro» ')D3 >K»i 

1?p3n'l J'JOi 0) DOD 7Pft3 3\P3 'ilfti , C'D3 3pO' iD nftiS ?D»>I 

poD 710 7rv OD fisin 'iift J"d1i imnpi , d'7ib» ')D3 vont id»>c 

■5'53P)'3 0il0i 710 TOP fti •JOIfDI , ftpn ifti »')D Pb D"301 . OfO 
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- 27 - 
, ot'i,tc:m , c;rf5 ^ crr-^ cm:? C'C;6 ^5S ir^eJ ift5»: W)P» 

h n?Dftl DIP^M Dirmfe p"? ^D^inS ('3 1") ]^P^;i) ^i3331 Di^^nift 

rvfc'^o DJ» ori , D»D3 o»ic or^no*) o:i (oiD^D7 ''nn6 "d^ Dip^ift 

o^ft5D *:r)f3 iin^si vim i:3 33i>3JDi 03*» ^mftM xif3 bit^^ 
■)i6r> iP3i 03 Dwr) 6idi , ^6j5::i iio i^rjin Dip:ifc ''^D , o^ft-s^jDftt 
rnin '♦DC (Db» en) ^i33 iwipo n^i •^j^ i\dd' nsi ot^ , 0^5^ 

c6 picD p7 b 3D^^D' Dfi , n^n^i n^n^ft }^3 o^irpb ?p6 ifefec 
pnp73 :^'53Dn) oi Dmtm n^ov 7"!) ?Da?:t» n^r^^fti Dpni^CJC "w^fe 
DiJD^:nfl 0C3 (ttinpft nte) 0C7nD ^7^Diip^j:r) 'ip3 ^3t , tdv 
im:i7Dr> fton3 ft7i7Dr> Mf^itj ri^pft dc» ('i iftprn^i icitd3) 
'*Di Dr)*r)ni wrft: inro ft':n7rr) o»7i:^^o i5ft nftip) dd^sd , ^;vd 
5'r)f) 0DID1 , dvd:5 'n33 w^Tpc C7nD or cu^n oiift 76d 3iDn 
6^05 Dp7pi7W f)7n?r)D pc ■;r)f): 6i? • 3*1? jft^rpDv -^o^pD Dri 
riDvm 7^D p6ic^ pDo ^b d»i , ^rsifto c\:7D •:3in os'dt in 
Of'fti o?3 pDb o^pip^b ^:ejJ ]*fti ^rjTfii ';vd 0!;7n p3 w^d 
pi ^ iJp o^ciiom 1031 lon-'Duins d»)'d 7ifcn 5>i:3 ft^30 o^htojj 
I^cnp7 ft^D '217^) oi^pi? OS ip 65)5:0 r5D7n: oddc oi;7n ^ns:7i 
ob o>7PD pE^D 'i3 i^ii ocin3 r)"7 ^:Di oiinc (od vf'm b^m 
, nr)70 bi ^)v '^o obpr ou7n d"33:c , ocin? nnsrs o":)ino d^^v 

'3 Oir)3) 733C ^"71 73i3 ft7^Dft7 v\s ^T^± 01^70 OP 7D6D!D W1 

fttot ^ip33 n7n6rr> t Dtnh Yi brnty DD76r ciTD ocTftD b 
,0f ir> yip oi^pi57 07i; p7p3 j^^ci , frc76pj37 oc 'dit oirn 7^) 

Cli7P COT ftl01D7nra p7 D7PTO MT) iS Cn^!? pD ir5\i7P ^il 
Of Oi:7pi ft71pD OC IP) '7 PnSp3 ^pf)70 71D . cip?\f) ic ^)576 
71)P Of *153 O^OC Of57: {b^'W l'r> DWiy) P1DD1P3 ^nf570 p\ , ^>» 
^ftjD Pi^pP '*DD ^3E?r) B1C£5 PVOi ip' OPPDI D^)\rJ7pD ^D» oiJft 

. Dwm bvfib 7P5D oi:s7P ^b3 3";^ d»;ic67o 'D3 ftTpx^ dip^id 
o^oc ^:vo ''DP i333 Of oi)7p 73np;c '^DD p3: 7PV ftpc on ift 
. "j^fti i>7pj5 77:D3i6 mn^jD D^*P7D P3ter) ^po OC i:ici o: P7\: 

, 0'P1i7n TftC i33 1P3 P^71D Ob 013 13 ftJp} 6ic f'p O^hOl 
P7317TO On5 P^nft pel 'D3 p: OIJIP OO O^PDDO OOi 173PD 317pi 

ooi 17031 , '"71 6^7D iiioni p7i;d oi'pp oi:i7p ^"dp oiJft 

Oftl .DrD:3 ^P33 10lfi)7pl '"b '710' iJP 03 3inn ''OD ft7P3 f57nor)3 
, 7ir)iP0 7170 ':Di 0370 ]rf 71P 1>333 Or '?:7f) C137P PIPPED 7pft3 
p7 6lO O'TDft 0'P1J7P l6'301 i;PP IC'TDOP OPC 7Pli lijft )'3nJ 



— 26 - 

iri^SD or Tx Jr ?:iudd •5J56?5 ^Mp 6i& , d':v ^ito d^t^^ 

Ii5> ^cn^D ^ip o;j56 , Dpij) rn^ftn >DiD)i , D^»n ij5p o^roi 
(winr) Of ^K' fti 1:5117 pp t]U3 oii • ppi i?r)c6 7d ')^p3 idi' 
ouipi ib 1J57 bii nu-)73 o^3')iPi5 ob v:? o'^j^ift o^)!)i:iin ifccc 
n5iD n5pn oi^pp n3ip :if3i , |^:w n:3c»i miw ip p-) h)OC '^v 
MOW 00J5 ppjD -p , )^5P0 iDp OP ?ir)0 0U7rs insi p7^d on5i:D 
oppi CO D^^}i:> ^3 oD^ip o'^t)D vb yby , imi53 aw o^ins 
p7 3": h^:' Of 0)01 • Do^b? o^\")i o'\^)mo o'wi^ uo6c p71) 
, pro *b f)\o cpi: cn7 p7 13 ftin^o bp , oip^ifi ic ^)^iA oiiin 
0S15 nw^r) r5p3i ot''3) bp in:v omf)3 013 65»:)5 b 3)cn6 pt 
, o\i^npno ^svnrn fsii '^0 In: 076 jr»r '3 ^ dsow 6idc oc 
o;^f5 r»i3iT6 Dn:ft ^ft ^ icj^ p7 i3nw nft o^rjpci didj^ pi f»^\ 
ip 03 D^^Dift c^Kwn iftcb or3 on^^or) oo^^ci , pt oic3 li 
^rftiw 1D3 3*: o^jimp ooi , ont^3i D^cn73 o^3^-rf))D0 , Diipa 
cip:ift ire 3'3i . (44 Dipo |n; '■) nniin) i;3 nfii im6 od7m 

('Pbn' Oi:-)D3 p ftil) ^rp tjin fjrP [T DDD f P Oi7DD 7P mi)» 

ftTOi (7''pp) nopT rb:iy33 , o^pino DP7i li ddhdi Of 3cn« ^"ppft 
o'cn^DO ip iro pft: pTPr3 pft , o^isppo Yn nq5p3 rp63 lio 
■)6CD ^:e3P ori , in37 0: iDion^ p iddo Cju ^137 icien^c \P3i 
opicp pcb oiino ipi^ jpr)!) o^utT5oi p7 vo O'^mh o^piiin 

pfc llp^i O^llPDl PICn 3': IDDi: 0i^3C31 , 03 On37PD 0^51)501 

o^ni: V05 m67pP3 0^37 tj*D\oi n7300P 0^0 on , mn3C3 03i 
p fci , opn3i pp nnp pp3 ib3 i'jrD nbpi on3)nr)3 nipinoJ 
pioib o'5no D^i^3cr)i ao^3pi pi ft^oc onii O'p) pD^3 Oiiopo 
cii nci7 ooi mini ^6i , idpo «]i:p 0:13: fcp^n ont: oprpo3 
Of b30 VP3> . o'ww pi 3"n6 Ptppi ibr ic6 onn^ 0^1163 

M37:D ^D3) CP^*7"nniO^ ^IHDI ^CD\n ^3 13^15^3 uft ot\l CPP 

u^nft 'P3 DMfti ID (03DD PiSifi n5p3 0:1 6^;iiP nio^ J3 ^B3 

I ^ ^''j vri ibirc pn5^ 'ii i^r 7"pi c^mdo rpnpo i^i , o^7ipdo 

Q^mm o'T)i D»2iinftoi , ont3i msi73 d^^disi o^^;ipo O'^icftio 

0^137 0^31PO 0i63 0^»)\rO Q^PWIPD O^filil . pPlJI PPDID ^b 

^ ift5^ 1*7 ^P7in o^3icnp 6i d:i ^fi *:'P3 o: 3"3 o^3icD vo 6J 
V3 ^pp o:ipP7 jbp , op /I nniiD3 ^pf)30c ip6po 1PJP3 6© 

— • ir7^3 ifJC: r331 ^ Plfop 7^3P fti '13 i6ic» 



— 55 — 



oiD ftii , '>D no ^J5' bp D^r)"36i t^np? nniD i^n od "^cft ^''nsl 

, ODD 0^T3O OnJW '*:D1P)5 7nf) O^C ^D5 6i 031 , ^b3>3 lie ouw 

inft iwn , D^::jn or b b pn o^icnai . nra ^ irJK ojipjj 1 
Di:'5p (oho Dn)'b53 , 63ft 13 6^'n '1 njs^nti c^^n-s' '-d -^d 73i 
left obpoi , wyy '"51 TO^in '-3 Tn n^ft 7» pip^ift j^ip ic 
h ixi i>i p'DD* , iPDn 6tD i)7oc ^rsx oirn ofc Dtj5 d^6 i;i 
ftD»pt\ 'mr h ftiD ^i333 ^n*o CD pw? c6 j5ft . o^cnnOT 
^j37^ '7 ci^pp ic ^)ra oirn ic (d*5 " oc) ^rjieno 03i , fc^sD") 
ODC owno ^rni03 nnnn^ onj^AwDi onmbo ^:ci ^ 6"3d-) dct . 
o'JsriDTO ^;ci ('Dm ^^ci p3 ^1^^ pnni ft^sD pni) ^'-ji 6'-j 
f ^j: mft 'fciTpi , ?"53D3 cnr 015 cVprt oi)p>b odd o^i , on: 
7>5pD omi oi^pi^ft \»5 oVpis ''Dt , (y':6^ no7i? t'^p t»p 
, pP DI6 en O'iD p2?3 ^n713D 0)5 TD i^Tftob btf) fth) . Dlip)6 
OrO 71P O^^O'JP? 1J55 '6 d\6j3 oin3oii OftlD3i 1P7^ 6i C»^h30 »3 

. 'tt\ p3^^D psifti ftiipo nDHD ^*ft3 p ftii ^ n^3ir> j'^r D730>| 
FD oteo nhion o*^b3D ii37m j:''r)3 Mtf)K Dtveno be 03 of»i 
O'3nn6oi , poi ip7^ ni 073D3 p7D cjpoo o oip^bo pD rif? 03 ] 

* 7 ' P pil OO^D137r) OirJ^D Wd od ^D3 03^033 03 OIP^DDO 
TiD\7* OfD ifclDC) 3"? DP3liE) D''^ ftlDl , I H ^ 6 ^i333 , ^)?l>Dn'3 
, ^13iDn*3 7rfc ip pi , 'i333 ft7'f '7 , 'OiDnO ft7^Pf '7 ^ ^^33 OH 

6i 7Dft ^»7P o5d 0D3 13 6i ; t)Dir>o pftr PT nil , ^i333 7ni6i 

lUV , ^'63 p blp)Q 0*i33i 7jrf): 0151J5D0 ^PD p7 IpftllO IPtJ 

ft7p3 o^OD p^ ptf? n^DPO 6i 3''n6 03^p33 0}\ , p ir3 tntTpS 
oi^pp W3\ ori i37itD 6i ♦'ft3i ^ Diip;6 71633 p7. , oiift £|^ip m^ 

7PO p51 'i5ft 7173 0730 *!?>in pV^2 Of i3l , Dlip;6 W3 !P730c| 

D*fti i:ip oo^'^D ^3 DHioi 33i 7D^ h n73r fiio (3^poi pftc nvD7 1 

p p)Vi 'i333 DD ymD:^ ^"DPftD , '•^V 7n6 01J7pi 03 ^ilftl 7n6 

ir^o '13 nrrf) 730 Diip^t 07ip ie ou7Pi , ono tepr 031 ^ iftnip 

1:6 pftD ftift , ID«31 Dlpm 037DJ5i 317pO 'DiDt7^0 ip 0r3 O'PniOj 
on ift , O^D137PO ^3D 73n 61DO 7Dft D^D ITit: Cf) Ofi p3^7(J 
lDpX)7 d'DO n7DD C^;iDftO C"i330 733 1157' D'PPD JIP) 7PV ftlOD , 
'3V0 mr^Dt '3 Dip3l6 OD il3 "'Din 0137P35 , 'P 07V) in D137DtJ 
* \03D Oip^lto l?70w ^D7f} 0137D OfD p33 ip 13pi3p 03 63D) ^ W»| 



— 24 — 

K»j ppiTD nnr p^p3T mitrm nuptrn ^bd pn "p ^y. *^ 

rrom , ^2:j"i :ji*d ^nprw ^25i ss'ta ^n^*?7 *:k 10:3 ^ jid: ^^ron 
^2 n^in HDTOi o'^nii in ^3ii 3i; ry *ui ^p y^ mio '^n 
iBfKD D^3T3 itmb un^j >6 nr k*?2 ^d V?k d^j^jj; n^aj . s^riDi 

rnWPQ*? HD^ r^^ ^'^ ^^ ^^' ^^ '"^J^' ♦^^ ^"^^ .^nifiH 

m33nD3 n'^K'Tj dk c|k irrya rripyn km Vr-^ rh^p m ^s 
vntsr cr^irc^2 p nwn njTD irpop f k dji , KipD ^ ityittrcS 
hv D3 *3 nDKnn .^jnnin qtSj; pi -hs^k nn:iK D^nnoS 

uco irr: kS dk c]K rhp:)H td «^^ ^s on ? ro ^^d nSpn 

tct: ic*k nnn ? D^trnm mid*?nn ^:ty3 thm piDc oi^m d; 

ravu myi I T'^i^ wxoj ntrK3 D^^nnn troiiVi iKtcr ocr 

? mn *nnn 133 ran^n ? nr nD ^pi nr rrob , niDipo 

'^c) P"5r)6 '^Db , Di'pri Dip:ift nmft "s^^i ?£? \)5'in p^w 
'*d) ?ipn D}t , inft DTi onro iu , t.p c^5DPi -ji fi^ft o (ft 
*rw» 7113 nrjDD ft> c6 t^ , vt^w i^jptjj) od o:c6p (Y^ 

, Dnpi n*?^' pcir) c? cj o*p")irD Di*pp oirr ^p^Js onift 
»*5^D0 p^ni:!) ^i>f5\ , cnni cjdidd 72ft f"*i: o fti eft viv m ^ch 

^hfti , ft^n) DJr> ]31 , oibo pn rii Dii^ dw3 ft^?o piw 
cnw DftJi (rDPPD) 5": irftiDt pn^p^ iw cpio^ iniP3 ft^na 

— ittPi D)13'1 n iP3 ftlDC i"7 , 33DD , OT^^XJ Cil 7miD3 

en p^^n*)) , v?nft '^iro ^1 05 C3Ti p ftb , pDD7 »o nm 
TO^pi icftc I V537 rft n^rin t p^^ft")? oc d^^d irsJppi (ft-shi 

75P p ft3^ nCP 7CD ('1 5'^) '^PP iP D'-5 Oi:7D3 ^D^ft-J '5 , H 
1W ^33 ipC' DVPD tVb i*3C3D 031 .pDD7 ^5 t>W fttSl *fiK3 
. O^Jpt O^P3£3 rpPPD3 03 Of 1377 DhlO 7CftP ? ir5^P3 03XJ>0 

npn3 o^onvp o^p^p^io Dift 1^37 'Di &» , ^nft of)7 03 0671 
»pi:>' '71 ft"7 *>p> 037n)) ioi;ftir) rft; i33i , n^ft7 ooonom oS^ppi 
(tf^ oiim p'p 'ci7') . 070 ^33P r^&^p* vip npfti loioipc 

•0D^rP3 0^313) 0^C17^E>i 0^C77P1 ^niC17^30370 Ot3TO O^^PVO t^P137ni 



~ 13 — 

qy Di3nn3 iko ny\yn 7:nm 103 fioD ^\rh *ni'iytyno nnM 
DH (crHTD3i Dim3 D'i rDTTppt inipcTj nnn) ^2p irpB? Vsj 
I» mm / nnwr J ipm^i n^K nnnnN nnos mprfi Sd Vj? kS 
njiM , D * K 1 a 1 nKnp3 ninnm . rr^y nan ^n^o '?2 nii mjfz 
y^ '^T JiTDn ♦ n^ TTH K^T iHn i6 rrioD ti'^KO nnt» T3*P5 
jt63C i :i'in3 n^^'pn ^ jipn p:y2 d: nmn p ? mnat* "ttm 
^nxK '^KT / DTT^on rhon noK3 ip inK |Tpn ki^t:^ nSis* m 

^noi HKr '►D p2n\ irn no nKtn moon* mo«n , K^nn misran 
mSnni fHoiNo jpn^ Tn*?n m onV itrf, |C n*n^ aim ^?nanDj 
TT3 pine*? 7au itfi^K crpinnn rrnyh D^Kjn njnm ^ mnK ^vffh 
b pK nnmi ncDD ^no crjip^n pKro^ K'pM ^d moKi rnr 

^np3 D} iJiiK mn mtns dj abpm hu nn'^^ ^rtr Tin imn 
, *^K TDiK nnK nnyi • i3*J^3 mo^in i^nn '^n hd • mra 161 
roTOD i7r\ yjD nn\ . ^zb obpm ^ur mr^ipa niiyttn ^p pi yj 
. -i%'TOS nnt J01 n^sioS nsioo di^hb yneS naenji 1 'idi 'nm 
D3Bf3 ?nTn ]uya ^*?k n^K in:JT inir c3H nrcja k: pnii 
DKi ^n^*?: le^K n'^Ns fft^n^D rrh}b '?3U «^ ^d *mn trKTc 
pi 11D '^rpnom d^hjk inna pi i6n , mts^ nrnKO ^jiyoB*n 
ornK mr6 dj ^d 3itrnnn m - ^t^BJ nnsti n^nai mo itk tcb? 
*\T nu mn ? ^W'd pp Kin p^K^ piKo dj okd^^ ik n^ inM 

D^tsfin '•^ya ^msro i3idd dik ^ja ?nt«^ n: pan rwtn niooi 
crnDitm Sa nasi , itt^3 ^^in on its?K3 trrpion Vibj^ o^^i^ 
inn«n b^v oSiy'?i . nnp ipi pnn nno; nyo crrraii D^ifiicm 
noana 1:00 %t pp dk di i*? DipiDD hdikd o^pin nK invri^ 
mSn nn ^a , nmn^ yyb ir^y o^yji idkj k^ ck , ram 
po^ miai '^ja^ ciTinK E?K3n o^'iowm mcon ^itjh te ^y 'vr 
iB^K troann irenBDn ^a 'tin nm . niyc^n Din Ntea ^htdti 
/tr^p^Kn [TKjm P3 oiai ^ ruiy lyi Tin ^ibo no^nn nyo im 
DPtt'iTB f TJ^TiK CTKan b Tip iwo^ pi Hny iw P'wrio ^m 
"W^n bxt OH . nm nnr . D^jwmn mijf^ vh t r\\¥r^ crttrm 
M"nBf^ jiyn ^ipurS a^ mt?py pa ny tibtt^ wti rtjary kS 



— 22 — 

• r6 niw ptt6a psjS nten onn^ pn rn^ u^hz tjk tr^iaii 

'"l3 (Dt? '\'TO 31 iVI *?J? 3V*^ IIODH PHHS ^KTp^ HBTO rTOl) 

^|6 no*?! ^nrvi^a dj nor6o K^m n^iipn nBou n*mn iip 

^)h ?yD ET-ui^ ni5in^ ^ronytn orn ?ttdd na^ osn^ 
'n-0TD3 T^'173 nr\H\ ,nnsiyi 4in Dpn tik pjj? ni^ ^y nM 
ptcm u\y\r\2 hddi . t»*?j? Eropi b t^j dSij; nmtyo^ nwr6 
pm pts^n jira *ns'?3 pt£6 vns:: OKt? ^*? nKni* niDJW ('n '^d) 

^M Dinnon raiia cfns'? ik ^p^t?' qK pjyo ps: nnrn Km 

tnc^ ('T '^0) npmt' pmn nr ynhn ^i pi . runn py^ 3iipn 

*'P) ny nxKi ^ n^'Dn ^kti^ x^dko mffx:;m mi2 i pvy ^-an 

^5yatty nua^n win ^ya *13to x^ '^^ ^P *"^'^P **^' ('^ 

•nam i:oo c^noTp vn vlw h^ rai^ 'n nnn vn nncon 

^2 ^y /noiipn im^Kn nnn^ nio«tt^ T"^*^ tpnf? n^ nison 

^iDKn TH1 'pipiDH njv ^iD D^:ioip 1M *>6tt7 nT2 rmn« / mn 

HyoS crjiinKn ynsn tnBKi ?137 *7jr nn^y *6 td nicK by 

KiK D^p*? pi ra — TK narotyncnny -p*? Synr^yn*? rpivn 

^HTD! nr:) it?K na^rom niytmn niTnoa iDC*?ip to^b it:^K 

inDK03 r6K3 D^pirn crtriTD niDK dk i^k^^k . y\n h:h rxy 

^^ 'on p^yoi . *Hr\ i*»:yo i*7K bi — ? t*?™ ^1^3 ico to 

iiwaie?D mKnoiJ3 inai by ^hk^bj mKiii ('; ''•d) rorcm no 

^rmiD WK nn*7inn ^^^yo nnK ^o yi r tf7p3W ^:b^ imt, 

bM% .nte^ rb^ 'D TiKT biD^B mttTTQ pTim*? nnM ,^i5, 

oSpiw '^ritt^ tthni d'^kiio^i piy ^riK^i ncKn m ^ronKti rwr^ 

'13 "ttTDDina pK nnSit bi I'^noDiBi km nnK ^crKiMTKnp, 

rmr^Tx rm ? nma yotm ! d^dc^ iDitr . rhnz nte ibid iy 

nnK . D^yie^ytr ni^^ K^n ina / nan nnnta no^n niir tb«3 

, iKn myi ? nn no ^m*rtn itrK ni:2ni , ni*?r*? mn '^3kS km 

■^pTni*?5ytD D^KBi Ski niiDKn nioim niD^ns tb\^t nDtmo 

nn'*?w 1*? ! VK^KV *?y pi dmi r»K i)n , jn^y r^hti mKii^i 



- ?1 — 

roHn by r\rr\rh , w^ dih h:: h^^ ^h ^sn b^ ^t itff« jm 
noHrrn^sn 'd now »r»i • ran ijf irmarno 135 1:^ njnu nnn 
r6^^n ^ -ncff b'j -nop pirvTD nnn nr tesi 12b iM n^nm 

133 Kr it^R S2V inoHK (^ ^D loiK rw !« / hSkd crcTO ^ 
ni33 msno T*?3ty nx i?^m nnp^ 3ra -^tan y^yn 3tDirn t» 
n^«3 mi^pns ^31: *6 3ni Sy ^2 > *im* '*^k ^t^^h ik na«n 
mts^ nrn3 T^or rvh\ , [IIk^i 3*?S oi^p inrn inTn hk mKv6 pn 
njisp nrrs Dj *3 r Tcj? p k*? nnxi , rvp^j bx !ri:;tn npni 

K^xio TJ^^KT nn (> nro nni' • d?ij;^ my ninryn k*?! nrryon 
'3 Q^'Dn [r*?*3irQ S3 ncK3 itrr 'i33i f Smn i:a crDj?cS d^j 
ntsm nriH jdk . 03^ qr6 Tr nrwo psKAiS fer kSi S3S3 

7M IKD I3in T*?8 3!'p ^3 JT V HO JJ?* • 113^ T^ pi 

,rmm nimKD ?*?icrp nya^ p inTnrm i3 iry ynn , ioxi?3 
. 11D3 1^30 f J? D3 u^nytb w^ipnon Sdik ^::j; n^K jn . Srs^i 
D^i2i»Bn ^'131 TV* j^m n:p3 HTm 7*o-t nw no^^p k*? nt S3 9&h 
Slip w* nnDHt£f nt no ^3 (1K1 '^Di mnn t6 Dianns D^3r 
pB63 Di D^DUin3 nT3 KTO'^H j?TK kS nn^is S3 Sj; iioSn3 IOHI 
i^n n^n Snri iidSai o nynv nb ck nyi^ kSh "ktoj >6 
pi nw33 tKxoj i6^ pranK mSo nsnnS p'-wo y^ io3fp3 
cpo iS cmpi 130T3 n3inr o^mo ncD n3Tnt3 oyts'* nD3T ?13 
f onmm pSd w^? mn^ ^tnn dSim ? 31 pt p *inH imi 
?Dio jnr rK n3 troiD o} vnu *nnn |it&*S3 i3irw moSnn^ 
r3p B^i3inDn D^nwp lepiS '♦3ip pwS Sty d^Sq ^tmo e» rtm 
n»^K n"OKJ m nyh^ iw3 TioSi kS noSi TtoSm ns^nn tik 
f 13S nnnii fa? Sjr mm*o n:ii33 KStsn jwSn raTi03 onsjrB 
nam (* nn3i3n Sp nSn Ss nKnn n^3nS 3it3 nnrn rnn nt nSn 1 
nviH S3 S'»3nQ on D^ai:p ' ^'3 , mm pK crDiiiri3 kitoj ^ nafl 
px * nKTOJ kS n^Sn papn 0x^3^ kS itk nniKi r nranK mSo" 
jnpo nn , ^nnox itrx3 m:S -i3ino Dn3 xrorr Stap tJ^iit? S3 
Qavi mSc' D3ir\Dni f nsnj ^3 n^n t?iw 13 tr^ts^ f jn3 m33 m 
wnn Sy 3^n mnrtS 3*i ijS puD* nn tt^nw S33 163 |K3 I 
my-w 1D3 pi n^i3y3 ran ^3 iriw rmiH2 SiDp tariw I 



— 20 ^ 

Tenj itm potso ni by cpui , Ton vSk ^trt: r\wn lerK insr 
nm 'nnottr n^i no . 'i^Dts^n loio •ibo «in n^-p3 ^n*«D ntrn 

^ paip iDD ^rj-s npn ]id^ }»nK3 atrn* tr^K*? CTiTtiQ^ onStrti 

-^niTpn 131 H' 131 nyi fiiiin manDa *3^ m^i idj;o i6 
mt:ry^i ^jyoS Dfioi6 jipr nrn ^'3 nsoo cri6firi D^taip^m !y\yn 
TPJ5P D^K^iM t^K ^Sn3 ^iT ^niKia ik . 'nznn ity«D d^d;«so ^^ 
DiK^T ^5^ m^i3i s^rsT ma'? i^r^ Maia ^ man^ mpDo o^yaiai 
iiy*< fWatt^H n<3 'Wj K^ r Dt7 i*:»i^ nn ns air n? idk^ im 
TK *a r p«n ^tt^3K an yr\2 n:hb , noc^ ^ninta? rh^y niiH ok 
D^awaoi irya ^o^ vm , ^S*{ nnp inann ana *mK in«Jtt^ nnai 
yac^ K^ , inH:t!^ w inanK moa htj; 'a ^ npii loa m TnyT n 
nnanS nono mn aina idk , i:its?^i td ^k nan ^a ^)y ai 
mD*?H nvniKa nb ^a ^ajK nwn niii .mo nan ^a m yyo 
TbH nmn DTja ^b ]n^ *o ^aipa ttrni ''a^i / ir^^a n? p:p iwv 
HK ini^ uiam irj':r D3 03JiaAn tk ^b)H n^ nrv) y^ niaiK 
npr ns*, nK*i:po Yd^ an oj? nr pjya -jh Kiipi . iraS noso 
nriTK nnKo ^nbm nnn np iK "no^r nw'^y ^ao d'ks nnK 
nnw rnnJKa noira nj? laio ^in T^aoi "b inanno , u?paK 
OTH^^i nifiTi yioc^*? n^aKan ""JW ! n^r jonn , itrsj ki:^ it'-k 
T^un Sa ^p d: iK imoa c^k ^p laS k^ /O^a^a bin 16 ^t^*D:i 
naiK ^a ^n:oK»n • u^pyn rf?xa Kia:i noipn a^^: otk niKsna 
(ray) aiD m oik b2 nsna ^nioH ^:hi , nnam iko ^njj; ^^ 
D^^an D^Jioip ^rjj? mts^ni^ nnj? inco ^n^Mi -- nnn a^ao 
D^^n 7v:^'\ irK n m ^mn by man ^^k Sao 'b a^mni) lanaoa 
mi:?ma T^n^o lan Sp oBtro ihk naiS ^b np 'a kSi*? ^ nmp 
m^ irroK miK »6i , ^rpa aio kS lai ona "ntcro ir ^ pn 
n^mii moa pnnnS laS nos^ k^ ^a nri . o^o-n b2 ^b '•nKom ^aS 



W30 nib 5f5?c :>w oai w ?3?o ^? reft:* b ?7^:> i'x^ n^i^i n6f s-jip? 
D0fe5i 0-5 75 6"o 7DD ^Ji^j DP73 66 '^D ftpi :>f 3r:o ^? 89 75 i"5? r36 

DP73 n'W 'D i'jn ^VV 'i 3PP 7>P • rP7i *I5*f)l?C ^CS n*5> pi Ofl DOT) 6j 



flfaidb 



— i^ — 

npr ^^ . npnyrm t^y^ pti^ nw mn nnro k^ wk ^D^nn 
trnenp onio j3*?i tm *6 pro '^tntrn nntr^nj ntrH ^rw noi^n 
•TO ^3D pte *^2 "jnro^ notr m '^d r^"D t?"yy\ tko n^ iaj«f* 
craynDO y pw itt^K ,m:3^K3 ik moM ^3 iH pp pwp 

. DtrpaK rrm 

innici v^th ii^hkc Dyo n^K ^in ettkh nnBtm^ mnns innero 

ni^TK pi3fo 113) nnfiCxS 031 r Vt iok^i^ o^^n nt'o 'o vhn i^mr 

looinrn niK^fi: HKnn r'?)^! vTmiax3i ,rraj?n raw i3^k '*n 

* i!DKxiS y) tor Kipi f troyn nr *?2 ne jrt^j? 

mno ly nte* ik in^wt^ kSo i^di , 15 2n'\H t^ ^ ^mpih 
*D n*iKBn^ '?*?inDn DDnn yvr\ in-tsy afyvh Tpic mm • pre ^2 
^o^^yji D^onKjD^" ,Q3^*?H ^re:-— "": yinKta-K*?-yn insn b^n 
^y^ro 3u*? HD omnn /Oijns'^:) j^enn ^^ osnnnKa ru^yno 



C T SnDD 



n'a 



rm iDtr m "in ^rnotsr, mnat c?*n ^n-ni , mnay Sso n^iro 



^103—195 i^n f:*w 0P7;:> I'r I^td 3D:»i wwp 60 &f 5p?» (* 



p' Dfi'TpD b oitn;? mfci c6 *i55 0X5) , DftnpD oft ]MDn odd 
m35ft fc^Tp ori^ 'D31 , o:»ic "o^;iJD7p o^yiom 135 "dJjjji ftto piD 
Df'nft' ii? ci'ni \iftc •3351 , o^Tift o'wi^ '"S:? c')5ft nvnift cici 
,>6 pp) fti o»3n3 Oil . 30^0 1315 -rfson \r')37i\ , 3D ftii 06 pci 
7nn 36 n33A3 ]3ft , pi ono^j? ^jci Dmo ^ncs f n ofti; '^o tbu 

• 13 D3>P3D1 p Oft^-Sp^ ^^i f'^ ^5^ Pp^SJ^ WOl 06 pi p'DCi. 

Dl3p h ]i3fti5 . n'^iDTsi ft-5pn 1^3 0'jjp3 piin? wi " loiv f^h 
wisni . piini pixni ]D3to pi3p ip ^aot p'330i nnntfto nft'ip 
nn» o*J5^?DJ3i ibn ip dd' o^iiD ob o^bim ^a m»ipro cw) 
wnir ft^oD y^ niiDi^i en p 1^0 b"-: ('3 n"') pcnp 'p . t5n37i 
MT?D ic niioro ^^bi ,17:03 ic '30 y)b Yv dj5p Dft'3r)D oft^ipo 7)) 

P 73D P'71 , rmb ipDD ip 07^i3 p3P!D 17^33 ftl'^pS 0^il3^ r>ft 
Jbft^TpD n33 b'O '^3 7r 31D3 '^5 lifoi p7^no ' n7353 67p7)b oft 
'"C'53 n5p Df pp31 , ip'?^ P"^^ P ^^^ 513i nOD 753 p 1703 *0'1 
1307 jftr) ('31 'ft '7 '70)0) ,Wlp ,TOP1P , D1P0 iift pr.OC 

non 03n3i i:i ■ddjsjd ii3P3 7^n^ 'i oift b cn7 niio^Di oft p 
ftTpni oft p 1307 iftm , 0*310 p^o oimo di30 h oiwdd I'fti 

pi . O'iinO ft^O Oic oft 0J5P Oft^3J3 Oft'lpDD ^:DJ3 0'31 'b 0D117 

^f)i i'l o*P3S ftipft" |Pii p ^''li on^rino liftcD o^P3c bJft 

pnO pTDO *' *D130 ip OllJD pPD 'lOftC I'^V 03^D30 "^' 

i)7PiD oft^ipo nbp yi ftippi oft D* 03^0 ftioi , '^psic ppo 

p^ftl niPfto Oft^3)5 OftnpOl 0**P133 3\D3 ''D lbft31 0*P3D ftllpi 

omi . OD ' on753 0T5 iift ip3 cm on , 7ip 3n3oi "^^ m3*i5 

oft ]ixn ife ]iin' OD iiD* ftbi oft*ip3 p» pc o\ib b3c oftm 

"i7tn p"3i io:pi 73i ofonpo nbp i^i iftc) rft , p70 oir icft 

ni1DJ5D ftip ^)D7 ftj'O ^:^ip ^3 ('70X33 OC) Olpfe Of! • ftipi^i 06 P7 

nift ft5r); fti oo'^csc i'^ii . ftipni oft d^ lor; n70 07 3iDi 3in i3ft 
DJ^ft 3in PODS ^"i5o o , M3 jfts pii\oi bip ftM , opn "01D3' 7> 

ftiC ''" ili3J33 p^llO 133 l^POC ir)3 yi;D W3 ft^Ol pp7pi71D 
, p75 lij) 1J33 bliOO '1)1D3 ob pi i^UDl *'lJ 'iP3 DIPS ib lftJP5 

10)'} HTO '37 oftT oftT noi ocp^i , ftio IPft bl)01 mi 3'ftl 

n5 0) pl'D OllP 7'VP , 03'n3D DlOPi 01c Oft'ipO Pi3pB i'l 
^Ppft 0'C3 0310 PV}1D3 7DP i'PlP ftlOl l63i D'JlC OP lOn . ^55 
rOl) DVrr':3 O) , 031 0313P3 -jft '•C13 0^137 |PC ift5p) p5p3C 
011131 On'31P IPVO '^1 3"^ If '101 - ii3 1113 'i3 fi OPlftP OfP 

. 7irbo ^p*3 iro D^pip vo ftb opipci pnp)0 '^ 

^itn 3iS b«rn imo tsod ni3i ruicfKin iniiK^ nj? (3* 
rmn tS *nn^ 'JKi , i^oo npju^i 'h mb^ rr^i imS sum wk 



^ 



— 17 ^ 



ftirc on:i: nno Dipn^ c^^^D ,?>•)? D'ho 



pto: ii3 ^1^} xvD ^ft tppp ^la; h\o t:^'v ^d-^id pcbc p6 t 

P1W3 ^53:0)5 Tpftl^D M:J1 , t|C15 f)0 f)) jft5 o« *iJ6 3np ^ D5» ■ 

.p)D3 v^vr)*) T3:? y-5 D'l ejppn to d'i w no '^on .)»> " 
51-^ rr 0^1 , r)r>3 73id 'D:)tD 'b ^to , ^Pt") "^h^ici o^te p:?3i 
, Dn35 'ir) fit:) frc>p 03 ^3 , pcprj I'ls d*-) to ^i? '^5^1 , vpft-nri 
^»i6d cnPDO p) , vc:p3 icii-^ps 1";d p-ur) 'in ^ftnft s*: ^^-jd pf 

Wli^n PD^DP ^37)3 ^ p30i OCpi "^r "537 ^37^3 T b Df pDi3 

. 0T3 ni CJt ou'^p Dn^P3 ir)37ip)?3 6ii . ftpo-son iij5» 

':i31?3 Cfl fi-jpj^i oft C^ ^"^573 ^DITD ir> 7ft)5 p?r)p (r 

ftiD -^p^ Pr5ft3 ^3 *Cn*D TD ^i p*Pl^o5 ^PD^J^C pil , n37 P5BDB 

ir ^Pi:7i C3i^?? i^"D3 p:pi ftsDP i"f':73 ftipjs oc . (* ^ri:3 76?) 
fnio VD pnp3 ODi v? fti 7t3?3 ^3 Ofi • '*?p -'i^fi rftnp:) pbp ' 
oMn pcr^MW fn\D * ^b'^'^^'o Pitft r:? pi • pipr3 mcr^DJ^ 7'VDi,' 
p^jDbc Pift P"DD b P1-5W v:^t ' , n5i p-^^n 7'rD) p-)ici in) p3pi 

• ypcip iC I'^P p1 n5 P73:^3 ir3^DlD) ic '3 r)''7D ft'>pyc *73 

p^55i5 PvmftD Pifiip; ftii iftimc in pvpto tift pncn pu*P3 p6 
■131 13 fti-pi 7r)irD 7Dir) ?ftnpD pbpi i:3-:iio rft ^ jp-jso pft-^i:)? 
0^73) D7J}DJ3 1^3? wi^rJi . \;i3rD prpiPDi , rp 5:5)3) i:5 pftc ^»fi 
, 0^3770 ^:n ift3 pp?7 , onij3 o'r>c pft outdid ft^py? ('> rt 
onjj3i o^):d pi^to ^pd3i ,5b Dftnp? "PiDft iftJjs; 65 jtd p5raD 

Vt\ , 0^7jJD C^J:0 ftl7pi Mn7 '^O p^5 ip *'3 Pir)ftO 1S5C1 rft^Tpo 

pnn3 ^'' *"o^3Pi3sw3 o^675^r) D*tei3 3tP3 ''0 )5n3 ot'JV* 
7)D* D^ 5^7 , 67Pd5 c6 c^ p:53 7nD oipn3 pftf i;^3i , o^n7)5i5D 
/PP75 71P inft orpi d:ip3 or jipi pp?) . Dfe^7p5 irft^ 7p)5i 7Dt» 
ptf)7p5C nrpiftrr) pdd 5^ c6 era &ft^3J3 6^?i dp33 D' oft^Tpo o 
Oil , i3r3: lifo piw pft - pc7n w i3P3: ft5p '"Dpfti ^ n>55ft j 
65\5 , o^>nj?ip:) O'Circ W3 Dft^Tpo pun5 ofto pft o^3ni3 1:^^ ' fl 
D^ 1*:d on , ODO ^53 p oijDo 3ip35 i)^pi3ftn i:5 7CJ>;g P7iDno ™ 
r'-:? pcin i^fti p 3ip35 p^icjsi pftj iipn c^ 5'7 P7iDr)5 06 J 



(3) 



. 



p 



^ 1« — 

,y pwici '^o\ Tfm w nnhs h^o :*r» ^^ yih *n»6 tow p 
n*j»i WD Dnn ^5 , dtd -JJii nlon ^ piSsi t5r>5f)3 ins , -jiro 

• 0^ 7P W37 OTp 

yjc WD nc7* c6 ppD if) nnw ftiD oft ftiw Dnift (' 

hD> *iDf) . 0nD7 7U> ^Dfi D^ ''TC?) f531D DniA . i> D7lft J)Dp3 

\vi>7i li^vo b y^p ^nbi mr> ocpn D^65 T)'J33 o*oft ift I 'D'))© 
TOT^ » C55i3»:» ■537:> 73in 'it6T - ]*5P b n*bni -pw ift 
^ W-5D ft) ')5n • -^rjftcji o'tno o^mh o^ftcu 7ip of ftci5 v-joft 
miDi:i nvTH^s i» 6*d j'm nift ^p o6"3ft oinnn . rsrjct y^ ^^^ 
()*i r*D) i6pfn^3 (n . o'iPD3t p^nc3 p^d7C ft'D 06 0^ ,0D ^53 toc3 
to 0615 DC "pDftD tei T^i nfenn) nfti nij -w m>v bi 

I^DJ D^")631 D"53 Dn3r)3 JDi (3 • ft';T7; >'f)731 • 6*03 j'W qiif) 

. 'Wi *iv) p3yD ^w D*"33r33 f u p'>on3i , i:p3 Dft epc ^i '*i c^ni 

,P56 (0 . •513P) rir?D DPD p pC 0> 31Cn6 (7 • ^> DfiTO , pp (3 

75 psin o*nciD ^)7D ^iin (t • nm rn r)D0W3i , d6 ^ j^u *b 
on'iD oroc oft^D , ncn: ;)')d dp tjii) ftiOD 737i 73f\ ^o\> j'ot^ 

0»n^ iPC 7W3 0')7ftl 0'i7ft 0331 , oicrfTO ^^mft 131D* OO'ip 7C6 

. ppi 'p pfti D\f) \n . |j3pi 'p , 1131 DP (r . OPD 'ft3ir)i ^Mirs 

*3 ^nftTD 0:i (14 D7PD p: 15^37 nnip '^P 0»53D1 30)C (p 

hi) , ni?5C3 p n^P7ft3 03s i'^i . 037d nrcip niiP3 ddd\5 ft) P73D 
635)>ift ft:73i7 ir3 D^pcpn3 0) -p , ft)io ft3nn7 in3 73i o*76n3 
tenft \P3 D3'PD pij)ft3 o; I'w iipn 'D7id 'bi , oD'Pni n}p7\D 

7«? in) pPDD 0:0 . ft^llD OCi OftU) , (rt 7S 73 3Dlft) ftDD^I 

fti o ^ ^iD JpDP PCM DC inicpi qop ftiD ft^5 liift 0) fti ah 
05icft7D ftnoi^D iP)7\Dn3i , Di;3i n^57 7cft3 ponft bpp 71P ^nftJr 
-,cpp ftw ft") r331 7''rD Db)D i*' '')D ftnP1)"'«Db C)ftl 7*r3 ft>nD 
Cp3> DDP . p3P 3i 1P3 ftlD\ ft)^*nj5 IW ftJv lP18 ftrpP ft3il 
n^37P3 *1D pi n^JD'» DP71 Il571 Diftp Pn3P3 DID , P1317pD PPICb 
D7r DID 0)C ni7 OP CI77) 'ID P'»7ft3 0) '*D' »'7P1 • DV:iV^ ptP* 
^ 3> nP7J5 pn3P3 ^\0 io DOD Dft71D31 ^ CP)1 iDD 01 (lITP) jlh 
nrP7i t)) 7'P, 0''J57ft iSft Dr3 pftTlD C^73PD 13DDD ^iJ6 317p 
• 0*C7DD Dift b DVm 'p ^ ODpl 71D Cj5P PliP3 ICPP 1P3 OW 
I^SP 373 np3^ DftJPI f D3 ft*D CpioS 0^3np jCl DID 0) 'PP7M 
,73P Jici PD^773 p3) 737 PiftTDi DP ')ft^3^ pPDI . 1P1D3 fP^ 
, inJvi DP71 PC7 OP PimiDT) D713)1 7D1P Plft7» 317 O ft^Dl 
pft 317i P^:3PD ftiD q^ppl 7' DP 7prD '*D ODD Pl57ft31 0'»'3 *3 Dfl 

yuy pfti i73p u^v^i pft ]m dtpi .733 o^iftT bi Dpfn3 iniir 

pP pi . |lft OP CJ77» iPPI DD7 ftiDD bPP * pftl pft • VP1P3 
PP7P ftiDD D1D1 7C1P ftiDD DID pi . jftTP ^)r " 'b D5p Df ppD) 




— 15 — 

Bin p) rm\ o'pbh \i fti3 iidp si , urt *33 trai ■>Jrt SSk*» 

1)71) ^Dft t)3n rft 3-) C'ft n^lft'SS TODfti i*3ft n\'>C5 >)5t , IT^W 

ODio WDft pci i*ft ^P , ir)i ife-sco 6ii) , D-stenh iwi om» wt " 
D\r>^ iDft IP i>5'>63 o cjfti or)D oocvD ono^) Di n^^iw om| 

Din DT\ . (or)i6r) pj»D "^^ O) d^»to oi VJS^n )pr ftb ^♦'jbos 
\5i ")iPDJ)i) opnjDi ^ ifjj) 71: in)ij5i ip^ n^n Tifti ft^5>D 3npo 
nDo oDic 1)7^ 3r)3 7b6 MD76^in ^:»ift»p ^-^^ia 7J0 p'^i? OTf» 
ipi 3Q bi , o^u& 'rm wn Dt3?i oS^r^ re^J pcis ood d)pd 
Oi 7» 15^3 -sft ODD 07 ni^ip Oi , i;^ii? D^nw *7J3 h} va 

\7CD 1^371 . D»C3 nirJDnO D:bM ftiD C7^n , D3 ">37i)5 )>*5tB 

wf)ir» 137 ip ft^>i^ n3i)3jD3 D^nftsD d37D xf3j^3 iron) 70 d>pM en 

O^TH 0^373 \0^D pfs Wp:> ^ iy)D pi3^ PD6* 0X0 Oft , DftfO »TP 

o*ia3 ipii i^^Dn ccco ^^^rS lOo Dft7Di , i>d3 nin c^tTW 
;o\ro^ wsBnw 6i o 7i3P3 pi Dt ft^cft 761 — m57ft3 oolph 
w6 oftifii '^iPW 00^361 wn oppcfti ^3i n7n bft 3id6 'mfi 
p^DTfc pr)n35 *D'3 'D37p icft nft ; 3}r)i 35oj3 ^:vpi3 tjionnt 05C 
h?D , 'P\3Dno ^377 iw ^inn^ opt P7r^ *»i . ^Doi 033i , 5C» 
^nitf) ^501) , ot'o b 'j)Ji?3 ''0^ fti oiici 7^j)n 'sip jrj^O' p 

3tD)i 1^ C76 03 , DTp' D^D pfili ^b ft'O DOft inr3 13ft t 0*»» 

j\j3 06 . i673^ n3o6 6^01 , fft ofti oiici oft , 'r>vt ci> W 

7KP lD^3ft ftil . ft3^ nn^ 1DDJ531 ftP 'i6 , 07p3 71P 7013 MTO 

1D07 ip o*a?V)Oi ft\o o^pifti pscw or3 *3 , vp\ypn) wxen 1ft 
onjft p M^ift , *nft 067 oi oftit , (20 otw ripo p) . \13DP 

ro 3Wi nijftDl 1J5D 7'PfO P17pO i;^37 t"331 , VIW 0» i;j5J> PTi: 

Dn^n33i • f omo or ip i^po 733 icftp o^pnJo o^nsno ncte 

TOT3 07in 7Wii VTTrf) n^uin 7tn '7 ^ioC 7ftl31D (t \'0) 03^7 

OTB^ 07J3 oc rt 7t©J)5 iiin ftii , roc3 d\d ip hlO 3D7 P»3 
OTDP 5^ 733C i^imfci 7vn i^fti !D''7i ft^pnoi o57 fti fft 03D vm 
rift )f 7 f53oft 0} i^ip3 oft73 oc ppii * 71P io306c oft75 , roc 
. 17^3 oip 6ii 3Piri i7*rDoi v^ns 0370 op:c ^"wft , \Dtn nnft oa 

3I ip 05ra) 0D3 i3 W1D3 p7 1333 nfe TOPi 31Dn^ 7Dft n) 0>* 

• ODoi 7\p wp rainn fti i'n npftp or*ftr) irp 3*; li oorp\ , iniw 

0J)n31 0^37pP31 0^P1C3 , 07^ ifti 0^0 ti 7Dfc t3S7ft3 Jfp 'i OWD 
ift OTWi '3773 OntJpPD 710' ilO T37i ftilJP p7 7Cft i? 170^ 03WC 

t>tc n^n i3 P7W 7r>ftn 03\;:i ip ii;7i , i3n ^5pn3i oxdp3 05 

OOnOtP npftP 0370 »i ft5pftl "|ift *JD>Di *»1 . 't3 Cn)3 7P131 Dpi) 
,OliCl TCm '*33D7 ft'p OilP3 0Dp5 071D0 T30CP fft ^ 0^1)50 i^ 

wi nno)) i3 ?B ^i ^P'ii o>o\ — D3C 'iop s'bi o"3P70 ^tsij 



- u — 

mn Sd jno n3> ftw ^3 ')T3ft* ^ cxn Dofrt cjhd lorxm ^ DtipD 

jDi . p p6 0^)7131 ri3n ? oift b nnnft oni . pcft'^:) nft vbip 
■jnifeDJ) n5p »n\r» *5c65i . ^^do ^p'^t ^rp3 w *3 ^te 3iDnn 

^3 • ym >D p6f3 fe>n fsit oipn 6i dWo^ c^i^in , p*cft of ip 
3^pj573 niit pini5 o , D6f:> cd5D nft 'i cjcp xf) '^ 'n , Twn 
TCfe o'CiipD ^in ni£)5 nnn ^:?rf) ^w , vnocnyjn 'nocnn ipm p 
bi , mif»i niirn? DD*ni"»rfti oo^DmpD i53 pwj5 , djdo it63 

OJDTO P33-5r>3 o^3pn 12: on7)3 f5nj5ii iD tjipi ^isD 3ra am^ 
hxij •?» p-3 c6 piDpi i6 , ow ir3^c6i rD)5 r6 j5pft , im)ro\ 
fms' 'h7» 'PTPi TO1 yrft-jo ^cft5 'd wi |do o^cft , mmn 
rVjp to3 ^nftjpi *5cr5 73b Df3i . cynw Yr o^snio^ p'sftio 
6i ^ p 6i 7CD 0^37 onc*i opn53 n37 ^cft3 , pcftn DDte 
wcnTO ip cnipjs pfti , omprJi 03id 07^5 6i ^p omprei on*')D3 
rp^-^n ipcfiincp )b Dpn fi ^o^icn^ wd3 Yt fni whd 7373 
. yD\tii onwr^o h ip ojsnip "fyin oon 7063 opft 03 o ^ o?'D3 
TOcn ft> PT:rp7 ^b pdotd pr6 ftii '3 rnni >3CP "537 ftJwm 
PTC'ip 05 c^ft3D o^r^i Dipp c^ ^3 ^P7!:p 7c63i • '^si ip \ip nit 
;pra , i>in ppp 00 7cf) oiftp p^5^ip ip fji , ynb o)j)r)D r5^P7 
pi:icft^ pmr>p li o^D' 7cf) niTft ip p7 < 7*pfoi» do • P3cn icfo 

0^0\Pi PTf.DP fro 7Cft 07F1 ODTP ^77 li l\y O , T^PIP OP^O 

7P' nt b> pj:63 d^^70 pinip 6^0 pf:n , C7fto ]t ii pTftDPi 
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fci ')c6 "^Ji b)3 rnc) ^3 c^^v c^jju-jd p7 :)7i;i {;fw) o'5»p 
i:^5S cnsi /* b o"3rft)D3i onnft c^mj: o^n-jipo ^:'P3 pn^ 

"^^^ , DlitiDI DPS' 

'*o fcb ^rj-sft oi^in '3 ODTpw n^3W> r^S'^s dm p fti (a 

febC pi 111' yDVDT bl • Of -JST 173P} Wl , n'30 ^r)^ b 3P33 
3in3 0*03 3Cn^ ftbc 3r>30 ]V>D D'mb 0*3">31 3''0*33 pip li:> 
,('» 7i) n630D 7D^f)71pO 'D ^r)iCl7'3 pDi^ 73 C^'l ^3731 ^ p'ob 



— 7 — 

If y:a li; y^ °^ '^^ '"^"^ ^^"^ '^'"'^ ^P mfiroi 

ntt?^ , nc^l 310 Sd*? DD^^i^ HK 3\T^^ HIH DJDK p . nS^H 

oipon nriK w irom na^i ref* *vik ^idm ttfmi npn 

TTD1 , pTKin ITBOn DDK^ ODHH n31 by IKO Wino T* 

incD3 nhm rrhiy nir® hhth ^tcrn itj; i"? tow 
DDins 2171* Kin i&H qym I'nnn nn ^nna pK ,Dnnt 
, lop^ 310 trim noK ^nnitt^ a'y*™ Him nan *5 irean 'fl 
mpn «r^i r:iDi *3in as nya ^n'?D*n ,'Sk vnatrai ^neit 
lerDi ^iKi pi fTH^ iqyr in^ifi mc^ Di D^K2n o^a^* 
! pnc^* ^ Y D3nK ^nyatrn • tok^ i3*nH anw *?d*? nwp^ r 
te p ,ni3*?Di mf6nQ miyn dki iTpn ok ,yiHn m 
moDn om^OTiD ^3'?ni33 D^iitr d5 dk / lanaiK naioi pix '^ 
^ rDi *ryir6 dhd^j ^ii nper pK pi o« ^d^d*? K»n 
miiKJ *mn raai nTJy^^T^cT'i ntyytr i03) trhn^ i 
^ fO«^3 i3npi psKna^ hkiji r^y non iwt vtok * 
ni"6inS ^naipn qios nai Sy ^niin . iio pp in Sy 1 

• mM2 ^3 fiiKi / lanc oiur 11352 *ny& k^ ^3 wkii jnj t 
awn kS mopno^3*? c]k nxia /'jr^ tronffn ^3 ^nocn 
^13^ n*Dn nopcr 133 ^3 hvh miK ojok .02^ ^n3n3 n 
^ pttr pKi ny yis fK ^ imt^^ty p3 hm* noKi diVc^ T\r 

* ^311 D3»3m *m3B?nD D3*m3tfn03 ^3 f D3W ^TIK ^Mi ? 

inSnn ^nyoty pi 13 3m h pn tiso ^ry^ H3 k^ iiy 
MDKn'^K VW1K *inKi •:kibd er^fi^* s^S '1 art *t 

*vhy nostra i*? 

TttTK |-n03 33*? 3TD1 mi yo ^p2h HTi into^ TK 

3^^ Skiob^ 'o i6fiiDi oSttfion ^stfon ^310 *tt^ 
VOTi ^vw itt^K ^"3 *i«a3 nr^K iS pnynS **j aiyan^ 
0*31 crt5n3t» ""TD ruTD cr^iij iKt^i yi nn^in nco t^ *j« 
r 1KD 131 *3 ^Jinio nHiii iQiy ny3i — . dibi3 ^bt2 • 
nyii no3n spini M yrhT . htoh '*nrs nT33n *n3 niit:?pi 

.i«o 113301 H*'?Dn^ iy i3niH 



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^:jmr6 Kvn r ^)^j;3 tko ^njn mn nnn -nj; -joq Skc^hi 
non no r i^y n-rpw ntyn D^^ann iio**? n^s n:iDn 3tt^n *\Ka 
mo Sd npsi 133 OKI , DC^ WK •no'^rn nnoS n^y^n n^v^Tn 
TOT itt^K tt**K *?3 Dtr n:p* its'K D^nto^*?n non no m r no^nn 
^D fTy nT'K3 m3on^ 3"nK Spj dhi ^n^np nt^*<3 3*» nrn^ 
Vw ^ WTnoi D*?iyn 'j^ij? »tt?w n*? nyac^ nr» rl^ ''^^ rowi 
K3*Sh KnnyoB? ^pioK'^i ,di3m byro noy^ ra *5 ir "ny 
noon^T niv^a nu-i*? biK nt^K jotSi oipo^ n^Di^ Tim , Hrohm 
oyo K^ 1U31 rhy\n ^rnpn ^B3 i^&^k nso o^t^n^i * jr'^o r*^^ 
nptm 3TO3 D'pnr TT'oyn ^s ! T»ttfK !;nK inurn . *'3nio tair 
*DJK p *6 • iHK DTpDO OH^no inp^ TrT ym\ tjtiai * u iww 
p ttottro ':rtT r p^n ^:c f)ipDi S^'? nntott?K3 nriK wk hk 
.nrxoip nn*?in ^^pi n*3 cjto maoo 

.O'fip %» '3 '« fi^' 313*? ^ ^^'^ r^'-"^ 



.x'p Wk 'n w DV n'3 

I nyio r*?j; n3» 133 itr» r f 33 pto rrwn ^3 ^rpnyn 
Iraitrn itw nm mm n^ 16 o !Tp m jnn lyo^ *(mno 
^j^TTEmr f rhnm nr ^y p*?nD -pf^yottr n33i • *?yo nnKWJ im^K 
jrnj r»nn83 on c]K\ , ir) ^t»k '^cnn ^:k ^-m yhmh yTy^ 
nrp «*? TK / T^^^no n^trm ^y r33 ^ "«^ nn ^ '^pt iV 
-rt^K ^niK ^3 c)Ki 'o mien *?3 w p ^n h'tn hm y^n lOKon 
ens iTK ,n -m* nsnn nr't^ nan» noK3 ^wb ^an^m 
.F333 'in3Bn n3^in .i? nwiB^KsnVnn^ ottr^ Titif m 'nrorn 




>li6 'DOy' DC*?) CD ^fe , 23-20 75 tfn Ittf) 0753 ")« DP7>,T QVpZi »3l>3»i 
U*>D*C TO1 -^.D'Cp ill6 '3 "ft or I'"?? ^:> MWC 0^03 p'^cpp 



— 5 — 



i 

•VTOK K*? OK 



ai?fin iiy iwaK n^ • *^tw ijisio ^ots^n toio ^"n^ttf "iejio nrn "j 
iJOD 'iittfp^ ^3 * Yc^ d2nn nmn Sp T^fi*? w:^ TBtt6 ops 
pmn -TtTK *isHn nti'D 'n n^ ^S (Tnpn^ nt^^tf Kim jep nr?^ 

)^ ^nmm jn nKWna nnS vnroan n:3^nDn ^v) , w ^eriK 
•r6KDD*r:yo imy»^ mmta ^s •teN^i jkw .ir63p» mK oipo 
or TW ^J5n ? w S20 D^yn mnts imier *<^ wj<o ^ |3HJ 

i?y TO^ TTT rhw^ *i5&a ^ra kS otn r ^S nrotra or jin k*7o'» 
«rHi DiTi b DTBJ by pi D^ona ptsnn nn^ ipiy* *6n n6 r:r J 
jmn -s imK Tpr6 ^nioK nra '"nn noi .irwpo iyx3^fl| 
D'lj jrns:3 or ib^o "^is^k ^r rrran e*^KTO ,*?3in dk ttt^^. 
nioin '»n3^n3 TKaa KXD^e^ iod ,Tm Ton ,rtM mqna« 
. 1^0 IV lan cpr 'jK pH^ , '^coMm r]*?i<n S^ck mn^^i enso" 

(i5n nrr noK np ^3S tA '3 i^'Tik firarh t^^ Tiy n^K o^dtsti 
.0*03 Iran ^NJ:n irs'iniiVin Kim am Di*?srn -ny *uwj %i^ 
TjnBf3 lottnj Ditra rpn n]is6 ynas iDsn: k^ oipo ncnno "wk^ 

. nripi niTrm ntTpn ona tri 1 mancn , 
^3^ p IK , npy3 c]K nr mo ptna man it^K K^Dien 
rrTica Knep ^2 1 nr tb?^ nnyna % rojanr n^tmn ^nwaj 
fM mniD nmp^ci iIbd to pmnD p^ip* ^CTDmna Kxea 
n^TK pa pcrSi nSno qiia m ikto: o^'nan naTii tij^ mm 
B^ Vrantsr ^tj?k,, TKaa ^nsoin K^n kjvt p^ySi . jiija # n^ine^ 

y\^ xw m Spfi*? pKi f en na ^in ^ye m ctro an^ iry 
nn CTjTonpn crpipiD *«K n^"^}i nns^nt:^ pi3 ntsDcm * vik 
•no^ matm p*? n^tncf nrKt:^a o^j?b*? n*?Bi3 mMxw^ majfs 
nnteai ^ts? jni*? Kt:^:i pTS^: Str pi3 ''•n mrntr loa nn:n Si^i^^ 
ra pDD pK p*?i t (8 mpn i^p K*i rmVrn x'^ys^ • nr p:y3^ 
. Dt? ^n^^t? Kan ^^aKi nnn titm 



- i — 



I 



6toi n>p r?ic 6p '}\b n»ft3c , 'fj'jft pri h\o !J55p3 *3ift 13B cttto wn? 

DVO'jft OlJo ^-SJT ft*DB 1I^5»3 'f)7l ftift , p6 15»» ipDW fjW DJ'JO 

16 c^7»? ^37 j^jpJ rr b "^JiK js^ nn3»i rr^^BW ?")ww^ •npy na^ 
^1* 737 *nDf) :^r3 , or 131 C7*n rsi? af^tti 7»ii fc3 W3 ncii Tft . Jsc^ 
CT min TDT? rtnpD sjipc ^"cpft f )n3 ^d^ oto oc b P7t)c 6101 , i^n 
dJo 7*»n Tftni 71P Dir fti o5p pcJ ?cp)d ii*3 , :»)io ot*6 f*7i? p3 
IP rfiihz ipfe7i:iB DpC37 OP ^nP7i W3i , :J»n^ iftw Iftpjsc* ip3 nfth 
ors) 7*331 • nnft r»3*P 7*pn p 7ftp> i37fi pcb p 67p>p ii'? D'pp5:> 

J17nh?D 713P3 .-If) 3*P ift 13J5P '3 7n0 73i 7ft i6nj)P b ('f '^PB') ?71DP3 

p*npDP r5)7C3 ^pnp?3 p W ifr — . TMi^ 371J5C* Tcfcp jn o5p op irh 
Ptin ^ppi ppinl y73 f6B , cJpr' oc Ip r»iBfc7 r)ii3 r7(5ft jicb pifrpi 
fcTp^i (63^1 q\D) ?7in3 7fJT3B ?ri * a}icft7i o3P3 cc:> pn3P) r)P fti^-si pttip:* 
p*:» wci3) *P76 ''? pic ^ppf) r»::) , 7pi) li 67p 3pp*i fjm7:^ 7>» pi ii 
nn3P3 .-'^nsci p\3rc.-> fJift-pi iir ''? fei ^73:?:i 3^3 p*p pnft rtp op:j 
Dip CfiD 7'6CD '73P? wpbi , Piln 'PCi P^7h3 OD? nfr ipin3 p7 fWJh 
IplCD pPtP C7Pi f)3C , 0^7?i3 CRC3 B77P:» *737 )rh^ CPP^Sl ' **73 Pn6 

|«jb '7P3 73 (nn^*pDP fi) jp^os Pii» ^pp) 'si6 p use fc7ppi ftTpo ic 
np7 ippl n'73pJ oc:» nfj cp'np? :j7id:»i ?pi7i* ppb inftTp b^^ Yi , *»7h 

P1J5C b3 1J*P3 0C:» itzn , p*v>b (DDfi ?iD) rP^53 ^i ft'Sp lUftl ^ )Pft7K> 

, ppib pcln opppip *pb 
?C7D3 ^ foiri 'i pn , ppft3 ftic) ftv:^ (:>'3 **) '*pc* 67po3 Tcn^p ^^ 

p7 ifnr JP 73i fA\ ('? CP) ti^JpO Ic Wm 1P6 P3P 7ic6i ftTip DD3P9 »f 

76m on5p 03 inpp c^Scn* 536 3^7mD pJppst (s^n 'r op) d'w b Ip Oi 
Tpm ppp 71P o 7p6 pS) - ?p y76pi bi6 6h ni6'33 'p679B ip3 Pii76 
to) Pi633 '0 771P* *3 , op^ (:»b) i3i) b (;»5 7P '^? 7b6) 'pft^ , OPf ?>bi 
prpi6 pppp?3 p563 tiwvn opp o^ppc* 'wn 1670 733i • S« pip (7IBft 
n7p6i o*P3K> pppp:i3 633» (aIi j*3 '♦jn*) 6pp c»d pft or^ifc P7pAi ipo mbi 
f P3ap prpi6 p5*p?i , C3Pfc 'DPPsi tpj^:^ r^'pi ?p^ ?iw 6bt» op6 o?'i6 
o*bp} np^ppp ^BP5 *b *pi6 , V3D pipip^ >j7\ft 7ip pi . If Dps 'Pi ?C7n 
rpp i3! .PDiPPP 'ppj 'ip .^pi6i •JP pipipi n7i6 71P , o*67ip ('r 3*p 
P1301P rJp 7c6 3ptpp 6i:> *pi6i tp 'iii 'Bp> ^npippn on fnptXi *3 63o' 
'■p *a6 03 *p67:> Pi63 ?37Pi . a»ppp '3 r^Di p?di , a'w 3'p Pvtnco w 

Pt50©3 Pf b oVrft * m'C7PP lb»3 0> CplOP? 71BP3 3P'D in>:^1 7ip30 

i:m6 I36 , am pip73 7ipnii ci77i P'Ppb:* wpn oc»i *3 , omf^ »p3n 
P7iDpo\ bip 06 '37i:» , pp '>p b o>63 o'pn^p nb3 pbp) pp !>67C^ ^3 

p t>7i?5 5r7> ppn3 psp 



— n _ 



Tt^n piDi an vt vio^ o) njn isnh vits k^i • . . Sb^ Soy ^an^s 
nit k: airyj ?'*; ly-iS ^Dnsca n? im m ^nxvj nis nrK: 
^bo D^"oij;n Dpp cjir^ Dt:?i i'ikh *?p pi ^vn irSn pim 
7H inin ^Di5 Sy nevi i^^vo nutif * i*c^ te rhyub n2S\ 

instsmK ic^K , 1 3 3 m K '\'5\n ineo m mn-iS t«<o ^?rw nnb 
iVH V»n>Ki / mp mjii:'*? np^n d^k^^qh ^BnTc:! nSyinn Sn^fe 

iifiDT Krt nt^K iriK •onco ^S yiin . "no nmn ^ npnyn o^nKo un 
. D^^DD 5'p pi ucD njp w*?i , inBD "pj?!^ n*n?oa navi srmni 
. TOm Tnu^yo lyiri tsyo i)y ^5 ny pcnDn Skt ! nn* kj nair 

nrDi . rrnn mnfe ^y inran nnse^ '*?:: DBi;n luo *>» ^r 
B^a*?3Dn nam jna tr^ ,i500 pK nvye iSc3 njopi ^nisriDa 
nD*0i nc qwiS ^nnnR pb) . u^yot nui3Bma nrrai , Kiipn nn 
TOD tS'paKi f isprh ^nv mvin^m mSni mm m^ptano rocp 

WT 'B3 nam - onncD nK on o: upn-* ic^k i^nS^? nh rm 
rniKHDiJoi ^3D ni'^nn Dunno laien hid nana i^ mir 
D*rpJiH mn to^y lanon nmn Sp s'j noiKo I'^ain*? rnonai 
■|S nSffK iB?K X1K y\nr\ dk hmt • vrjpi iDipoi tjdt Sy nsi 

OTPO •SDfjR b^y rr pel 7rj5i pirrn mft'ssi im373 w^Tps PBt ms^ft jicS 
:ij53 c'-jitoi ftJc'c .p^rb rj)'« )i ft'^prsfn (nJcn *c) 'fjti :»cpiOT p^ijm 
pf b» oc f^fi*):? POD 1351 , p"?b obc o*o?cp ^6c pwjcd r»'>3 06 ha? 
ij)5i?3 Dip" '""J 31? oj or^^'sftf)! oiicp n!D^r>3 ^"o's 3T» innft\ o*pnn3 wpw 
p^nft ;5nt3 ftSp^ )ninr>» •)r*JDP b ciips oc i^pjkj oiift . od^737 p^w 
13 ^J5P f)ipm ?W) '3 ?cp> rfti3 Ki*i i*n , d fti5»i o*r)CJ5? pJfc b Ui ^» 
i*ip3 c*"3) • 3"p npp pcb 1^0*33 ii 6^p r36i , '1576 i^Bb nflS "33 ^y\h 
pwci pns cc 1^3 tt r3f> ii f»ipp oci i»f> iJ Pfc^pfi cc jn* ^73?! p^ feae 
wiprffc :>lni PiS PP3 c*ft p^b' ofip>ox> oipu^to ^w w?i .d*p3b ihn 

PPPSI Wni^ *P'P "537 W 7Cf) rP136 Upb 0^37* , TW5>ft hii Jp pnw59 
igp31 . P»P13f>iR 1S>(> f^'^P ^"^^f^ P^^ ^yf> 73?i -JBft rci? ftil P'P3P3 )>» 



oi*no lonKo iVirr hn noKi 01^ ns-? , li^ 31 ^r^ i^tj^ tadi 

'tS HKin np rr:sS d^P5 hdi did no icrw "f? rn^vi — irmn 
n:)Kte npino noi ? pno a^i tetr ^u^jk ^jt?3 fn ikvo^ m:rpn 
my?nn D^D2n miv i*k pin-o rry niDxn r\y , ly^D dki 31 ok iDiyn 

•QiQ pa«mi Q'?ynQ3 ^m ^k in*\3K3 wh ♦': i'^^ osnn Ty*i ttto 
nnn^ nnntsr '♦n-uno ^^t6 tk nn^^naDt:? cjKnoNO by noiKo 
irsi nnSim , ^njn ^bd rifryin *?d nTip: ^n^3 nnonpn dj iu^k 
d^D a*iiy DrK i*?**::! , hniu' ny ^J^v^ nn^pn ixri pK3 ^nyo 
f *^'Dttr "otr ptffj? ran 'Ssa nm , why nnK r6D p3K pr:3 
• intra ne^i laro b ww nn Kt^ la*? no natr ^k ik *s 
ni^ kSi , irnia^ao irn o^in h^D h^^^tn '^^2 pn nuin^ mpa k^ 
IDT*? ny wi ^omM ^mj ^jnK ^3ni ^k 7133 nimm ots^ 
115 mm ^bo nsDJ ?dii ^^jtq d^bd b^ tb^h i iro^si loopa 
nnK3 pi p''pnnDnD niismDV jtj* * dtkh nnuii o^p^K mm 

0*^2 TBTK Orn '»J1Q2 , HTD 11)1 HTD TIJ TV S3?B?02 HD^I , HiTO 

/HODt^ fj? lannn ^nn nom c)K % mSyn Dn% nton 
ncnm ro "^m r^an Mxh irsSinn »my ror no yir ^oi 
nyn naa ontsna laro iB^ie , on^on oc^i ooxy o^ron \yDH2 
^)m jyo^ ^nana ki»^ lupa^ w iK:fD^ iyiy no Jj^tkh nino 
^Ji"? K^ OK ^ nsinc ^irs: nx -onoi ks^k tey 'jk ^d^i ? dh^Sk 
j^nK3 03^*?K D^'STyr^ iddo tayoi , i:^nK3 iko q**^ dstdd D*\:rjK 
c}K o^oyDD nnK o: ly^atyK rf^Kai ?wf isn o«r lyt {^tki 
uyo nom ^en pai cryii aiD pj pnri*? yir 1102 nvn ^^ao 
o^Dtro ^rwa ny iKxo: joh * iDBtro two n^Ti ftap ^ntftm 
by ^:io2 iN'jBn^ dS^i ,DnyT 1^ TJ'ya iip'' itrx r\y^ ^y^^^i 
m pi , niKjn tuto ^k leKin iiya-* qi^jbi , mpioyn Tnwm 
»nroD:i n?o vrurnn nts^wa ^'': CDm •^^ b^ ma*n nirSo ^1* 
^2^ fTTiH K^ *D p«6 }by} u^necf b^ kd^k nn^in —vbn 
no ? iS) 1*? no . n^yn k^ uionoi vbn jan ^k iSipa t^j? \n^ 
oyoa TK pii^Ton ^ Vin^iK ^-ai^ enn^ ^ot vparn hk -©A 
ts^w *?3 D'y^stmn u^m wn nipo i^^^a ^2 yn^ h^i ^T^^'^yno 

i onr tro*? KOXii k^t ^ n^tt^in*? 



Knipn 



' QlpDO' : 



nppw 



'w^ 



"mt^DT X73J p*?:: Snn ornn nrisb . 



pti Dip ©p3^ rai ro 'n^ju >'id ! ^pdj 10™ 'hk 'inoip 
runo3 pimo ""^ nw-a r«D jy ,nnn' 'tqk iS nMf 'vo 
jnpynfff^ Tin^K '•mi nom no fTnanK cfriy rcnx yto 
rmvii Tniinoi ! np' tt wn ki»3^ nino , rin' canKa 

^ rnyiji — . ncoD tdxp rranKi rrrae < mpM Tni»t K3 oi' 
rran p mnei nno ^33 vsi vr^ m«o cpn*' ibtk tf'K3 
nnpi . mpum irp3rr 7113 int?jB' qiktid yns^ Kini , cnrm 
. tre'n Vs 'niK nsrw^ dk '3 ! icm yn -pjm "yKiff 'JR no 
p , uV V.T ninBED pn ♦pmo ^31 aisn mnru myp3i trm 

f>i ohi i:3 (I 20-3) 7nn a-jsj 0C75 735 rr? spm? '3 fp (• 

.TiK'J K'Xion .nrft 

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m 



III ilil^DifllllM 






V'TDn nttyi ^ '?Di3n nosin ninKfu ne^KD nn;n ^ nirn^o 

*nnym ; D^^nson ^ i«3 ii^o wh r^^ nTlt!!? ^'^^ nnyn 

D^t:?on*? nf?y^ ansM nt^K D'^anDon Sd nosin cms 
. Disin niK^:ttf ''iipn qj iki3^ oa^i ^ w:;m 



L '^•'!^ 




AoBBOJieHo iM^tfHypoRn 3 liHBapji iSFl r. BujiLHa. 



If 



mwto mane 

. ^23in IT*?.^ Dn"^3K ■ 



V*€>S^^E=5t?:;«>«»— 






SHXPOflt JIAAXPOHHMt. 
JlHTeparypBHA nHCBiia paRnnua C. /I. PannonopTa. 
Ssxanai A. £. TAPKABZ 
(Otthcei 181 ^raMpneJifl*' ro^a 4-ro). 
fiiibua. Tanorpafifl JIE. 2. XtAa, KBACHuft iiep., aoxi )ft "*»/«. 188 



211 D^i-iyn nneo 

' nioy - - 

152—155 ]aiKl p 2pT D3nn ^W 

155 — 156 prKin pnK Dsnn ^vk 

156 — 163 jrnKn pnn osnn Svk 

163—166 ^V^^M 1Tf?K Dsnn SvK 

166 — 167 ^v^^rs nro C2nn Svk 

168 ^Sks om^K C3nn *?vk 

170—172 no^UN-l 



. n my K -*. n c D 1 n 

175—184 "liiKn:.-! pe^^a*? mvon lece 

• n "> i ^ n c D 1 n 
187—192 -DDipn SK-nS niven ifice 

193—208 D^:ipni nnyn 

209—211 • . , . D^rvn nnee 






c'^'^yr] nnfiD 210 

37— 38 nnin? c^2^-^vir nyniK ^n 

38-- 40 nrtnsn nnnp ^ri 

41 — ."^2 .-nntsi nKDia ^n 



(55—120 Tcj;) liitt^Sn D^K2"it2n ]:yb nivDn icDt: onDKcn •'•i^ pnc 

:)5— 68 (nisir n^^3«i d^vik^i) mnai nxcits ^:n 

69-74 onyiDi n^ts^ ^n 

75— 89 nS^D ^n 

90—106 ninyi D^r: ^n 

106—119 1 . X L 

120 n^^^v^ ni^m ^in 

121—124 py*? rnvDH 'CD ni*?Dni o^Keaen ne^ts^i 



(127— 16S iicy) n^y Diiins ppS mvcn 'cd o^KDien onDKcn /:i p"'.c 

127 niiKn:n pe^is pin ^vk 

128 ]iKi nnyD ni hw 

128—131 ^JKopnpn 2pT D3nn hw 

131 iDisS p rin ^VK 

132 ^Sy p DB'' Mnn *?vk 

132—135 ne^ p ^1^ D3nn ^w 

135 jik:; ^ifin p '?KiDr 21 f?VK 

136 HKm e)DV DSnn SVK 

136—138 mvT' p nyir^ Dsnn .^vk 

139 uyh2 p mw 'n SvK 

139 mry 'i nro 'n ^vk 

140—143 K-iry 'I DH-iaK 'n SVK 

143—152 ..•••. ^mn mw wm iw 



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♦D "^ 3 "^ 3 y n n n £ D 



VII-XII 121 tt^K? 

(3—172 Tcy) K"Tr;:n py^ mson iddd 

(3—51 TCy) nii'tDH -^ED P)UD . pWNl p^r 

3~ 4 nniDW ni'jsKD "»in 

4 ni^:i3 Y'*n^ le^r] -j^dk ^n 

4-5 Q^Hh2 ^n 

5— 6 T^Dyr ^in 

6—7 D^yirii on^iD n^ts^nfi •»in 

7—10 n^v^v ^n 

10 — 12 no^'cr ^n 

12—14 nivDm mvin tu3 ^ri 

14—15 D^DiDi nwD ^r^n ^n 

15— 16 cSd IK c]D3 iciiri mn nrK iw: ^n 

16—17 nrn ]Dr3 nwD ^r^m d^mw "»a^n 

17—20 iirem mvin m^isi .-ninn nwnp ^^n 

20— 21 mvDm minn mais ^^n 

21—22 noi^n n^ai nyio ^hk nw^a un 

22— 25 mvi TiD^n ^m 

26— 35 •••••. «iun nv» 'n 

35— 87 • . . no»i rra mra *3n . 



n^D^j^m D^npn rjnyn 208 



.pD^:2i W .1 niw 163 TiDy 

-iiDKn oya ]'\2:2 j^nn Kin ^3 hki: nriyn 'd *?y2 naiD . I'o ]d^d 155 -nor 
. 135 Ticj^S myna n^yo^ hk-it . nin hk^k oy dditS 

.HD ny yTii n^n nh \:y nyn '•£33 pSnn^ ns^r:n p , 170 iiDy 

ncKC2 pc^:D nyiS Dim dmh nai nw n£5 jpn^ p^:*? sirnK ,175 rey 
ii^is '2 .(14 iicy nnsysi 26^ iicy n^on^) '•^wpipn nniK 

nSy33 CK1 :Dsn:n pt:^:^ dkb^m 2inD pi .nSy^c iiy n*?ys: 
c^K^n c^c^nn ictt^a iK-^n pi .o'^iy*: norS micK '^2^ nhyih 

. innK 

.^•5D:K:r^fi1 W •! niyn 192 nicy 



207 n^D^jrm D^:ipn miyn 

* 

nttm • [p i K 1 Kvir naii ^nyni . (D^p*?n nwo nnK) n i n r 'nDK"» 
• nfi"* nan ^b *?y imyn e)Tin in:^:5D^ D^:jn 'd p^nyen •'3 nvn*? S^n 



D^:jiD'Tpn D^Kipn neon luy^ nhr^n ^3 -i^ynf? -jnv . hddSd 5 niw 132 iioy 
n«? 'jtt^ nwivin ^its^ nS r^ ru^ n^sipn n*?Dn own K^nr 
nei .iniD ,-iidk n^K(n .its^eK ,nrnf? S3r(K : niiin«n 

..(-iDiy dSd*? 216 nicy) D^«ipn miSinS mpM lynKSoaKi 



Tyn^ WKT D^m *?3n^ Kf? piD£3n tt^n^£3 p:yD py nyn iik^ in^S . 135 l^nv 

(fi'fiD nKi:n ^£33 Kinr M 3233 'a n£3''DK3 '"2) Cn31 '^£3D p*?n2 '•D 

Dyn ^'jan'?!* mD*?« nyKD:i ^*?y Knn id£3 p kd«i :3"u-id ^dkvc 
niD^ KDS nDfi^ «^ 'ran- kS -^Dfi n:K "j*?"!^ tv^ Sp in -iiene n^K 
n^^K ^DiK «c ^Sy D^m hjiSSk ^£3 d^Si p^yn kSi dhi^k ^£3 neD:^K 

nrKH Sy n«^nne nr tri^BB^ ^ei] Knif?K ]KmnDK "^y ^^kikSk nnoe 
K^a 1KD Kin -D nn .npim Tna "|Sn niDK ".nrr -riyT. mnn 
nh DiCK .Dn-in iina n^M^ y-in nK K^vr kS San^ nh nnDin 
p-i vf?y tDitr nil hy D^m nSw riern (nnay) pr^a kvcj 
piD3 CK -3 kvd: kS d *• n "1 dSin .Dn")ifi3£,c^ncm cm 
D^nin nn^ph hv D^:iDipn inwTs p^ (nrncS c^m) n^niK^x 
py iSn d:i .cm p d ^ n i nScn iri^s py ^2 hkij ntci , [pDtron 
1DK \2h^ . nStsnS yi? n«v^n iid«2 d^^d^kh ix d^^dkh y\i2 
"•B^i . m3'>ycn nS^ys icki niyr t^d^ nnx cyec inv n^-ynn 
tVg^ ^yitc jD" itTK 2^r\2n nx py trT£ ^3«cp")pn nny 
\iyiSi .2*?n n:2irne n^ Sy n^t22S ly-it k'-yvb^ ('2 'd x-ip^i) 



. icipc nx 7 mym myn i£''*?nn Disin my 1:2 . 139 Tioy 

.(128 iicy) :yv .!() niv^ , U2 Tcy 

•••2) onn hy iS^Kn k^ pic£3 ^y irn^s^ ns;' nmc d:i .3 n^jn 146 -ncy 
vim nS«i • p e^-i^fi py ^d hki: (K'y n'p e)T , N- 564 *« ns^cKD 
-ir« ixniijD D^BfiK ists^n 1331 :(nn3y*? DD:nnK its^K ^b3) nr 
pSia-i hy 1DW nin picfin '•^ ni*?:i3 iick ipnni ]Kvn iBf3 ^3 iidk^ 
. nur fn3in3 ki3^ in3i «iui • nsron ^:5B3 K*?r lonr^r 



nioSrm D^iipn nnyn 206 



K^^ n^h:ih invS [^^Km ^r'v] "k nr ^r^^K^ ni*?:j'?i Unr W] 
-:*-ivS nrn inv^ 3n3 kS m*?:^ sn3 ^ki [ii i v S iDn] 2n2 ^sd^ 
^«i "iS -ic:iD Kp [n^S y^l nS ^:d vn fimeS p hSkh mSen "ne^] . 
mnn nmnx nnS nh yen ine^K^ nS [k n ^ : iw n n ^ : V vj nm: 
'!« CI . T-ivS n^^K [K^ S^v] kS^ Km n^DicS [n^S W] nh ne^ 
Tx nmn dk ri:i ik) Kin ij^2 '^pD nh phnn ]ks hSk^^k pSe 
S'v] liitt^K nSir n:iD *?3k (nr inK \:y ickk^ id3 ^h mmc km 
r:: ::r::2S fn^S S^vJ nS nir (idk^kS n^S tt^^iic ^k S^k 
. -icYj; nm -iniDi nj^its Kin ^d idk^i pr ^y :i^r^ dk^ ns^i . nmnK 

.c'K^n D'piB3 nK-i 

n:jkc n:2irKn r^nsi n^ hy Dei: j^riTii Dir Tie p^n .nK^jm 106 tc;* 
'n p*rn) y:n I'ts^-i: -nnnc n:DtrKn cri^^i jKceim irHn "inS p 

.(nKSni 426 ncy ': nKvin 

.KYD:n Di W .2 nij^n 114 Tit:;' 

.(n^iij^ d:) W .;i niyn cr 

\svc^ v-inKi .(170 iicy) ns'rirnD ncc*? nKi r: jd^dd c^icn .119 rt:;' 
.(170- -J 72 Tcy) t:":*: n": c^jc^c ^:ir iiy or 

n-j? :>7D\i'' tr^ iT^cni c^KMcn dd^k^-i^ .121—124 tc:' 

22—8 (n^DIK ^KlU) IC^— P1^« 

Sin nKi— c^Sma .^hd 

69 7\22 -(nrn) nn 

105 (ra n's) mett^2 

I r. v:£3 e^^vnn- 'i ipsnK /"'pc 

114 ... .c^aSn .dSd -(o^Sinn) a^Sn ,^in 



onsen ivK^ 'K nsTKc J^ 562) morf? ns^ e^iTfin .5 nnyn 127 Ttiy 
7\h^p^ : ('•"22 "• •■)!) nr2 2^2 0'^ 'h) hpvn ma onry 21/12^ (nei 
n^Ki DTD *?'pi CD2 *?^pi pjKT S^pi CKTp pry S^p mi onry 
entry cnnK itrie^ mi nnwy avian idkdi] piKi n:K n^^K 'j^dk 
onnK Tiyi .rem ncK^ onnKi .piKn ner onnKi .dkt»p 



205 niD^rni onipn nnyn 



. (myaa Deiiin yy; nnn) jrr nh h'i • 84 nicy 
KVDi ni'jnyn nyn: *?« m^on riK py riTeS non .ro p^D 85 iigp 
rt2^ia nma (r^ iD''D 181 n^Dy)nt2DS hkii •nSiyn ny^Ji K^ntr 



n:^2T\ hnpm'^ ^\H^2:2 ^3 nhn py nnn i:i3 .(n'^i r^ jts^D) 85—7 iicy 
.^•^D nior isD*? wn^en i3i^ jik:) nnyc ai 3^mn nS^c ^n^ 

.n^:r Dining vi^i ^11:1 k^2K' 



. (D m n 3 Dsin nnn) c u 1 n 3 S^v , niyn 



DipDD nvn*? n^nv k\t'. nopD^ «Sr myen ncsi: 4 n^v^ .89 T-cy 
• ppn Donv nnnwn nnynn Sd3 i£3DDn ^^C'n nr ^s ^yi , 1 n-^yri 



nyn^n^ ^nts^ts^^ «^ts^in py nnHiS ^•^:1D k^3D3 .e^iDn '« myn 90 i^.sy 



(191—5 nicy) pn eicxe^ d: dst: ")r\i "isdd oipcn .1 myn n:r 
Dipen np*?3 d: c^mn c^tt'i^rn i^pn^ nh ctr -jk . ]KpiKD 'n n^ Sy 

.(425 --() iiDy ,n^K^^Sr nKvin 

^"rn Din3 p "D .(-isrn niyc) W (c^snn niyta) nnn .k*^ niyn ,96 Ti^y 

. ('2 i^cy r: eii K2 564 '« ns-DK) 



K^3n ('K Ticy r: e)-T) ^icdd i^r^n ne^ ^"dd ^3 e)^D^nS yiv . 105—6 i^cy 
:cn n'?Ki •D^Bfi^ri D^i:r3 'S |D^d:j ^'?vk Denino oncKD ':; Ty 
pn^DiD*? nhi nninK n:!"! nnnK hv D^Kp nnviKi (py -idki) Swpi (k 

ainaS «*?! m^a^ in^S kdki .nnny ni^i^ invS (tikm ]:y idki) 



nitD^rn^ ompn nnyn 204 



• h r nh^n d^bth myoD naets^i onivpi ^K-its^^ niScn pa . 40 mey 

'iS ,(130 TiDr) "iKDpipn nans nao^ n«i o'^.vn '•d^ D^j^ae^ nn^« •cr 
jnnKi-i ]i7]Hh pr pai (149 Tioy) ^Din ht.t ,(133 mey) n^n 

.(157 TOy) 



nvya ^rpn pi jnK nei .n^^rn maina n:)Kan n«Sni 41 nieyt: nnynn] 



nr:iDnp ^^^ph n«i , d : axa) >dk£3Sk mS pi^Kn leDa . l myn 43 nicy 
. D i p^Da D n nSca n^aiya d: rtsne^" (myna rep mcy ipDre*? 



. C S ^ £3 K nnn) i S ^ s k ^'v n^nnKn niira ^aiyn eii:a . 45 nioy 

• D ^ K a 1 D n y V .53 TiDy 

iSn py ^a Tyn^ inv n-^r]:} niTKn ^y KaS mcKn laia . 5 niyn 60 moy 
pis "jtt^ -iSD) D''ii"i\i nien^D dvii«^S nni .D^^D«n -[-na nra dj 

nr "iiaya rneai . n^taa^ yir k^yids r^tse^nn ao^n: nr nSrai .Tail 
nhvDh n«-i) niye^ raa nn« oyfsD "inv tt^^ots^nn p d:i ]::; idk 
jnn «S "lyirDi hv py tt^n^B nr.yna nt:t:^ niy hkii (130 noy 

. c n « n yv .1 myn 65 Tioy 

py ronr^ «]*?« ^Di«n Syfia ^a «!«. ^yoin^ 71V .c^iDa 2 myn 72 may 

. iDvy ^y «*? !« (22- 3 iiey) n^yoS 

, 'r ]D^D DTip 'ciKn eii:ia niyoa Dciin ipn dk pinoS inv . 79 Tiey 

nnarn -lawa K\n n^on o nar ^nyi ni^on jd nnavin .'r jd^d cr 
map:) Siy r^ •ai lar S-iyi :(n'a mnfi) nai «np^a d: nKVoa 
.nap: IK Km nar dm pjnvi imn pKn» oipoo k*?k 



203 niD^rrm D^:ipn n^.^yn 



hv nir n-^n td^^ nK-iin ^m .yiT nMr i^dd Kvn "•a iDK^r .cr 

• pn niDy n«vn «vn niSon 

ns ^3 HKii ]D^ .miyn pni*? yivir (32 Tioy) nhy^h n^Din iS3 

nsT ^^iK ^3 or mj^nni "jwopipn n^m (129 nor) ntsD*? hki .35 -noy 
-ID1*? opD lin: lyic Shk ivn S« nD:Dn n^a dk nv,^7\^ nhn ]}v 

.IVn Dtt^D DDiDH n^3^ Kip Kin ^3 

i-nTinS D'^D^ivir nymKi rni'^Dn pincS yiv nicj^n tt^Kia .36 tic;* 
K^n nSsnn "d d^j^ih -ickd o^pc^ "inr , n^wn niiDpD nSsnn . z^r 

.(160 ,176 ,226 TIDJ^ J Xs 10 D^mi c^pKC 



nn^n kS py nyiS nmnS oonvir nyniKn Sr nniyn niDin .37 Tit:y 
. D^:3iS Scnn nD-is aipon K-n nKrn n^ia-n . .12 ly nyii: 

. (n^ya^ Dsi^n ^ h nnn) 1 S iiry^r yv . l niyn cr 

*?jr n 1 tt^ n -1 r i D py tidS^ nmnS Donvn Svk n^Ktsnn Sy '•mn . 38 "iicy 

. 11 1 n .-n m 1 n n^^on 

c^^^^non D^33-in nyi 1:: n^r^v «^'^ yi^tt^n '•d^ h22 minn nKnpn . cr 

. ji2ipn DV31 "ir^cm "itt^ dv3 pi KnpS 

nyn ^e*r onyiDi e^iin trK-n n^tt^ "sdid Sri nnnr Sir niSsnn c^u . 39 nicy 
, lii^S y^^^n K^r niven iccd ipk oipon a^nin^ vm . ns kdih kS py 
niDTDD nvnS ni^nv mSenn ]:y nynS ^d yii ^:KDpipn nsiD pni 
— . D^KDH n^pifiDi (r'p nicy) 'n msno d^:wkiS jnai hk-i . o^Snn 
nvnf? inv niSenn icdd ^bS py nynS ^3 i:S y-n: nrn opon pi 
iSSa^ on DiDK WK D"»:sTn in:JDS non inn • mmD niK^ipn ibdd 
.in^a onyiDi nan n^i nar «]DiDn nSfina 



Ci^ 



niD^rni c^iipn miyn 202 



iD^ pi . nrc nr c^piSm Dn-is: on nK? '?3D pf?n3 c^dh cnm 






.Tn^ pr^D D^-i::n W .7 myn CBf 
ricrn ni« ^iitr n«fiD Kin D3S::«n'i -jniB^D h\ff nHwnr] ,32 nicy 

2wh ]nNT.n n>D2i n^ri niScn o in^i^ .n^tt^i 13 noKi ,cr 
^■^tr ^iDsn nitryS inv ^3 n^DV nrci . n^:r oys nrn ^iddh nwy^i 
^nn . n''.:p- iSDy dk a; mosS ^nv ^^ iicS^ n k n*?Dn pi . D^cye 



.npn nnn n^pn (12 nivr) n^yn ci:nn3 Vv .or 



.'ijD.-;i riDrn nvmx ^".ir nxeo «\t n^tt^i nn mem *:r nnDinn .cr 
(D^-c^xn) c^-'cxn c^r ^isc n^nn noDS nmn py pipn nn-^^in ^mi 
^:ir -icD) dviikSs c'^'cvh c^^T^ mcnSt: n«i . nra n2*in ipnpi 
M»x-.: Tyi {2-2 TiDyS myn^) n^ycS irK-i 1331 .('ts jd^d 'n pi£5 



Sdv jyc*? eiD^n f HT KD3n iTSD vw^v^ nya o mav i^i nny p , uvf 
n2in^ HiTn coiv n^^»y inKBiiiin nv^mi .nanan nuiriK nanS 



201 niD^Jtt^ni D^iipn ni-jyn 

n^yoS 21^2 n^nnn n^is py nyn*? D^aiao nv^mn Syi . lO myn 24 -noy 
d:5Dk nts^K D^iDiS D^T^ hS^d: *?y mid nnn kw ,(20 moy) 



HKivn ^y pn ^3 n«ii "\2) nan K^n hkivh ^3 ;nfi inmo ,25 noy 
• nr noK: jnrn *?y d: o hdid .-idd*? dS^k .n? m^d 

• HKV nK ID noSi pnKn rm*? inD^ts^*? py n^n ne d:i .26 nay 

mn on nK ifiyn niD3^ d^^^m py nyih ^d yT: «*? nny ny .27 moy 



nSo nnK pvn p^oenS tid> ^3 pK ^3 ^•^^«■n ^n^ttf .2 ,-nyn 28 nioy 
}D mp^n -isys ^iddh p^yn im (27 iioyn) nSyoS ^d . n -n n 3 



. nan nny ny yii: ^h n'^Ji^y n:ctt^c nnx pSna nnzn n^3 npmn nniK • or 
('D p''D 'n pifi '2 1SD) DmnM niDnSon dvii«*?s n^Si'>cv nny ^eSi 
mo^nn ^0^31 . DJDrDO p^ni oipo «CDn n^^h (c^^D^«n) c^cxn nna 
. mn \n3 jd pmn nyp^^i mirn p d: «DDn n''^ DipD n^ 



nK^nn nK py idx o yi3 ^:xDpipn nnyo ,ih'h2 km nx^am .29 Tiny 
.3inDn ID innDM yi: nn D^p^o^ .(I3t) iioy) nooS n«-i .ovn 



|D n 1 tt^ n -I r i ^B ^y «M e^npon km n : n d n ti n ^3 nnDMn . or 

.03 ins ^n^Dri e^npo ^S ittfyi sinsn 



Sttf nittf n-ir:i ^s ^y km }tMp D^pn2^ 'pns np nKnn niinttfn • 80 Tiny 

. n •• n ^ •'31 n sn 1 niSon 



moo D^«fBfD inK py nyi ^d*? KM«f «fnp npoo npn-inn mo •di^ 

•irm DipDD liS ntn'i^ nh—mipn D>pon 

• IJiN nf^ai oiAia nnDVJ o^o^dDnS Nnpi ni^Dn vin .dv 



niD*?«fni D^iipn nnyn 200 



uiir msian nnn jnr py Sr d^dti hy^ pron *?y nonan nou .cr 

p^n n"»^nr inynSr ^ifio p\-i *?? «^i d^dh hy n^'^y^ n« pi nfi 
• (4 Tioy) nSyoS notw id3 niSis n-noK 



d:j ^3 (Dn*?i D^iD aiDM odd: ^3 Sy) i^^idd oyoo "noS^ nc oa . 19 Toy 
n3-iMi .prDn Syr na-iaa i03 jvv hk -I'^arS D^^nv d^dh naiM 
nsiD.-i fT«n niSon *?» mr m?:iD ]vv man "noS^ pron 
2"ien inn c:i n^w nrra ^3 Skib?^ pK ^vki prtn naiaa narar 

.p«Sm (jrv in Sy inynS riDnn) 

• TicDmiDys noiDS rir nnnn mim rt nSnii p^v mam .or 

.(K^m nnn) Kin Wr \-nyrn :yv ,9 myn:j cr 

nny ^ifio dv S» tvS pw o nnyn:j \-ne« .nn^r nnoiK .20 Toy 
aiyni ipM DV S^S D^Snn niDiD ^:r jpn pyr ^iKopipn 
D^i^in -iDKD TIT Sy inn .(D'^KDn o^p-iM nK-i) i^ttf Dor Hlp^ 
D^iSn rnr -i^irn (k'S «it n:rn rnn /i n:»D 'r pie tdh n:j«^D) 



nts^ n p 1 ts^ K n2i2 nnn K'^nr py Sr niivon n^ia nnoi: • or 
• nny ny nyn: kS— D^:D-in Sr i^ivi i^nivoa 

1311 i"*^ nnir dh ci:dS iidk nyiD hnn -ivna d:i ^3 idk r\hnn2 .21 may 
inirtrD noiDn n'-nf? dij^S iidk nrn jdd ^^ c]^Din nr in«i .laron 
.lyiD hnn ivn jnS nan Kin no^^n n^a pn inynS ^a ^Jiro inn 
Kin inyiS no^Dn n^D pn onan neaa -jk ,(35 iioy) noof? nK-i 
. (2L*— 3 iicy) nicDD nc2DS iKr iiTKa iDvy nyiD SnK pna 



nnn) nrii^si niinn nK iicSS D^r^n o^iSni o^^nan h^ rVv .22 iiiDy 
nicr) iB^n^£3 ns^ nan -3 i^ynS ^nvi — . (Denn n r i fi f? i 
py nyi t:i: nKi^n 'sd o^any- n^atff mains dk^sk ivk— (d'^ 'h 
, (D'-^D^Kn) D^'-cKn i"n3 «ii:in nine ^na i?n py d:dki . nv^mn ^:n:j 



nme c:i nsa Kin (on: n^DiKa) d-iu ^3 n^amS r^ .3 nnyn 23 nioy 
nKii .kdi:i:j niyrr .&tm nov :(o'^ k**? onanS) yamn 



199 nioSefni D^:5ipn' nnyn 



^3 (re «in or) yinh fin nniK o'^iiym nyn irin ]3i . d^did ^^n 

pnon «fw '3 py ^^ HDD*?! • h222 oniK j^3^ ^k onKS oih "pr: 

• pr^in nK D^^fi^r ny i:jdd o^Sn^ir Kin nrn pr^ 



D^'j^Sea n^DH jo mn n^H is:;: p d^:-t pK o mo^^ py .15 moy 
S«f m» n-JOD) rnpon n^n h\t o^fiwi D^:n3 inyn ^cS nnK-ivir 
e\D3 iSv« o:j:i:e^ iDwn pn p:5T pK ^31 .(i<'?b^ ^si w^h'h^ 
^3 K^n pr npi^ viKiinr DM*?Kn iy ^2 iDwr >:sd d^Sdi 
D^Dfiits^n *?K D'-^S'in -ima peo r^ dki • Dipon ^:j^n ^k d^^Svi n^nna 
. n^KH D^nn 1S0D pS its^BK ^K nr nrn jcrar ^^sdi . rnpon n^3 *?» 

. rK-i nyi S i -I , piDsar ^ : B D S-'v . 2 myna ov 

nD^^riTn -idkd t::) «^"^ nn^D ^r^ne nnwn Snp: kS ^3 py nyn .ov 
nn .nawn ^f?y3 "icn nciy im iS pK :('« n^Sn 'k p-ie nKB) 
^^333 pi • i*?3pD n'apn naitt^n ne^y f\^oy\ vd^ 'j^ y^i dih n^nr 
pK ninnKD nnits^n ne^yi re^ S^ iioi yri i^^bki :('d ^it pe^np) 
: (o'v p'nn:)Di I'S ^ii ni3in) iid« nyi • lye^i 2W ^h pioro 
^Si«i • nioyS c'h^2^ pK oniDi D^pnv onoiy nairn ^Syne^ cipM 
nyiSi . n? pi^: mK '•^n piS o^cts^ pn pn py nynS pi^n r^ 
D^D» pn n:iii S^3 Dn« n^s nwe: ^n^^n ]n pK nrn jcrn o^^^in 

• naits^nn f?'yin 



,rDD -ipBn:tt^) ipBnKi «\-i ^Di«n cii^n K\n n^iD^n nxnpn d« .16 Tioy 
fiK niSeni D^KtaDon nc'^tt^in ci'^dm^ -jnv vKC^a lij i^is e^^vnnttf 

.ipB rirn 

'jy -iDK d:i n^^3« pttfSn n^:icn nxnp p^y *?Kp?n^ K^vino^ ^jbd . 17 1107 
nsin p d:5 13KVD nrn KMom pinoS tt^si^ n«rn nS^^Kn 
n3i3 p:y^ nS^^xS nimn nxnp nK py noT pf? ,niivDni niinn 
ny wi n^3Ki ainan pr^o td^^ nBU nS^DK ni^isi . ^iioai n^nnn 
(n^^3Kn n^nna) n *? 3 « 1 hn n^ts^D: n 3 1 n 1 n*?on inyn^ o . nanni 
niin) no^ o^aanni • (yno^ dikb^d n^^DKn «)id3) n y 3 r 1 ^«i 
D^iiyor idSd : D^^iSn c^np jd (n*^ ^1 nonsi o^e^np 'bS D^:n3 

• on^nnKSi on^^sS na-ia 



nynp miyo pa piSnn imw (a'oi ro «|i niaia) »S3M d:i • 18 nmy 

.p?Dn n3"D p^y^ nyiap wnwh 






mo^rni cmpn nnyn 198 



• ■jdS Kin p nn^iiD K\n nnrn r\h}^n\if uts^n on ^3 n«n: c^Kipn 
nir pi^ nr jewm •ni'^o ^r«^s (-|d*? in ik) o^DyeS mnna pi 

/I niKD DKrn n'?Dn dk inn^ yno inv 



n« T^rn niivon Sy min n k n*?Dn ^3 n dk nay Sy py nrm . cr 
«M ,n i^np ,r3 D^noB) kth nM*?K 'n dk Sy Krpy 'i nm 
(nnDn: ik) ]iyDt8^ im ynn m py "3 d^ki-i i:5k hhM^ .(k^d Kop 
pnK nrSts^D thk nr tneo »k-i3) SKyor^ "1 .KS^y 'n /:iDDyn 

.{mina Bfin SKyotsf^ '-! n^n» 



3^^n Kin i>iiVDni minn niaaa *?pnS cnsT mtson ^2 py nyn .13 iioy 
n:rD K'^ p-ifi imnjD) n^ron nm "1:1:3 n^iiy K>n nS^pDD nn^D 
p DK • KDn oSiy^ p^n iS yn o^Dttfn p mm pK -iDiKnts^ ('k 

• mK n^D kSi D^Dts^ n^D w:y 

. npDBD mip:) lonn d 3 ^ n S k n^on nnK . 5 miir nayn ciiina or 

.(nn^i3^) iTSK^ :yv ,16 mits^ or 

;mn3D) kk^k^d n nan^ id^^d^ ts^ 1 -i ^ b inKiin a p : ^3 py nai • cr 
'•1:33 i^^BK D'lDy ^DK or upiD p^yDT Kin mwi i: :(n «it 
.Kin ^31131 K:r^^ api: ^Km ^kdd :(Dr) Kion nai 1:1: .a^^n 

. D^BTi: nior on ^ S p 1 a p : ^d h'^ 



d: niT ^2 nKii nsi .c^^iiDno '1 niK rm^ py ^3 i:^k-i n'^yo^ .or 

. a p : 1 Sr iiDnn '1 

i^t33i ntn pra ni^B: ^^n u^n pK >d D^:)Din nyrS d^3D^ py . 14 nicy 
^r^n onyi^ d^ik .(?•*? pnnio ;h niaina) jn n^a nwo yanK 
IK iin p Sbi: IK n'^pc r^nnitr ^c tor) o^er*? niDD on nnnD 
arm ^3 DiK n^a c: r:iy on^Sy 0" ]:y nynSi .('131 inonn n^n 

.Sai '^Dc liDD Snan*? D-anvi noa 



py ^3 c^:3in nyn Sap kS Kin '»a nKi: o^Dien pa py nana .or 
nKi:n ^sai • roD py dk ^a (re ^1 Kop Kaa) jidd r:5iy h\i ]^ya 
ivin^ D^KiiDKn ^a ^ik .or Kn^aa iry^^K 'n nyn d:i nnvi p 
vb: hn ■]dd:j ]^ya pyr ^^bd *a paioD no^ .nnK pina man 
nny o":-! pK ja loa nA:ia nvro *ri o^n pnr nsa pS .rc^a 



197 n^oSttfni D^:ipn nnyn 



niDK Kin TvhHn :jSn \:y npnS ^d m"D:j ynu nvi kS nnp ty .dw 
p iioSn . r-ncD in:n:j n? hkij npDi . (nr^ lycfS ijSd^ o «]K) 

Kin Y^'in umn d: p^ neo nvon nnnr ^jbdi . nvon h^ nK noM 
. nsB K\n j^^vS nSroar n^v^vn oi n? m:jy:ji . nee 



^Syu nynD K\n .no^or jnaorK nocf navi npon noD ^d pp nyn .cr 
. nocvD na^K mann nep.n : ('k navo '^ pns n^r:j») naroix mo^nn 
• d.tS? nSn nB^Dvn m^DU oepr dk pm .t2D»D irK Tsr nar 



kS *3 Kt.n v'^KD piDT . n^S Trn" kS loy vaa iT^jinitr n;in ]D 
K^ D3 .(': naro Dtr) iprn ^Sn pnr Siunnsn napn dk py '^ap 
p ^3 (rS c\i |io^:ii n'S e^n i^vnp /u fin pp npio) ^an nv\ h2p 
n^no pm n^m: ypip na^Dtrr jDra pn nJim: d^5D2 na^Dr nn"»nn 
niy^K 'n nyih d^ddh pn . jnK*? jnna d'»sd3 no^ora 0^:1^: o'^nsiD 
nvinD p fnK2 ]^2 nJimj d'ȣD3 noorn ^d (db^ r^^np) ]iyor 'na 
T'v ejn D'l'^B^ fff'H riKVin) nBD3 n^oan KDn:in >sS Kin pi .{^nK*? 



nae^n rKni ':i jd^d '2 nrns nna D^^na nnin) mo'^nn '•Sya npn d: . db» 
nD^ pyi .Savn n^tr Str oniBsn dvu pjrpin o (n'Si '*? ra ejn 

.nnK nsnS in:n nrS y:y ^^H dk :-]nn Sj; Kini .y^prh 



T\^}i^nr\ ^121 ly^ d^dtij; parw d:i n:nij no^Drn ^a pj; nan .12 nicjr 
raS vnnt2e^ noiem jiaren Sj; ni'^Dn :(;2 n^tro "• pns n'T^^) 
e^n nij;i2r , n'o ejn Kj;^ve K22) K>r:n nniT 'n nj;ni , poerD p^K 
.ne^er pn u xm: hkiShh *?3 n:i32 irK patron dk >3 (n'D 



.nnren mvnKD '•"33 anS kvdj ■i3*?\n nnn laSin .^enKn e)i:2 d» 
(3 niDyS nhyr^h \nn^j;n ntrKD) 'n n nvniKU Dtr :iinan fii*?nn nu'^Di 
(3—4 niDy) I , J^ 7 D-3r^ d: D^irnna '•a . nrS dvb niy tr^ ^^w 
\nirD nnvpna nKrn nhnn "2 pw ^^kh 2ih nKn^K aKnao ^nrt^n 
D^KMoni DneiDn ]d ni^Ki . (nr ^.292 , \2 ^aeo) t a ^ "^ k i n niSo 
ncDO WDK •Ij^n DnnKi ,Sin— !?^Kin r\hi27\ dk nvp^ nna 



niD^wm onipn nnyn 196 

:p^yn -ron nhm^ j^ikh niSon pi .n:innKn mwD n^yn ovnna or 

cj;i S«i»^ ^JM' D'unpn DPI D^UT oy ti^ iuS iiOKCf py npi •? "nop 
n-nnn n:^pD Ski»^ ^a^ri Snittf^ m ^bS o^riano D^^KCf incfK 
. innK D^K^T D^Kipn nsioo nKDin «S— inn oipoD «)DKnnS o^anv 



yvi •T«i3 mptsi Dcn: ^DiKr f\ui) o^ta^n ^^tan^ ia« o^anv .Dttf 
n n 3 3 «in nfiu n S n n a ^ nSon nmin , nSnnaS n^v^y^ 1 k i :i 
2vnm •ni^Dni D^Ktauon nD^w"i:j D^anvon'moipo:} todS idd 

niQ^nn *Sp2 npiS d^^do xvti . ipio Sn« pcfOD d: nKvoan i cf p i 

nHm , "iDi ^irpn jD K^^ n»pn (r*^ 'B nan ididixi ro c^i niruo) 

D'^vpn JD n^v^vS n«»p ('ta ejn naio) 3i idk rnin^ ii io«d nip 

.]rpi novS .T^B kdSk nSiDB prvn joi omon p 



. (Dtr nin:o) di n^i*? d^ddd nr — o^^ip*? «'?i n'Vi o^cfip on*? . 8 nop 
DH*? ^trpt S«")»^ ^33 hn 121 iCK^r nSiDB «^nttf ^i:i:x n^v^vS p:io 
nieS' ppi . itrpi D^iiin p«i wpi ^tencf^ p moS^ or pi . "i3i n^v^v 
. mra ^i:i3 n^v^vr d n S p TiD^^ttf ocf mw 2i n:jn n;: o n ^ p 
■jnv -larnv hdb na^nvix lOKan onS p nw mo pp noS^ mpi 
n£D2) jipDV '1 n];i2 inpn n«-):n ^bdi .n»K «Si n^rvn nwpS 
iTivjs D^B^iner (rt2p p^p 'K Tiop rS 5)1 ,Di^» »^« minno 



]3P Str DTDtr ^mp» D» '•D niSoni d'^wmh no^itn:} hki .9 mpn ocf 

.TioS e)iSn:j pD 'Oi«n ^wn icin 

,«nKir«i nnn «n«i»K dibih nipta (11 mw) ^oikti e)i:iD ^9 niop 

/r«") nv^v nSoS n^v^v n^D riKwn nKvoa vtidi iio^ni •ote^ 
n« HDT ppi /oi «vrn tn kSk n^rv pK ,D^3nnn p f ^vd 

• nu f ^ V Ski j^ ^ v pr^i hn nSon 



• n&'ori n\t:^t »jn W .Tibpn wnh lo mop 






195 mo'Jttfni c^jipn mipn 



hdV ,pDiDD p^»m :d^dpb tod TiD^n:ji .no tyd p^on 



mnKTi noSttfn:} iSiBnaBwi (154 nop nSpoS) ivipn 'd Sy:j 

.(166 noy nSyD^) "r^vuS 



StaSoDi tevin o .i^Sy n'jy^ nh niSon jo py loS* oipoS 
• nr3 py nyi yn^a hm «^ nny nyi . vhy rhv -jinn ini« no lan 
ijS^vb^ teS Sa^ :(Dr moa^) did«3 niD^nn ^Sy^ i^a nany «^ni 
1DK nnSyn k^dh mn nSy^ «^ «at:m ana ^«t "i3i vinw*? nep^ 
nttf^:jSn «^Dn trixSn «S K:Dm 2n2 niD3 ^idid iS^bhi «3em 

'n nw neipDU ^na^i 't nw npnD:i D^atryi uinD .th S'v /« myn or 

• rnwn ^yo 

^Syu p «2n iin nunyn ^jbd «ine^ raoyrni d^kS^h iid« oye ,6 -ney 
HK") .D^:iDipS VM'^ n\-i 12D D^nDvni o^ynin p «an i3i Dy D^^n 
oytan n«"):n ^eai (I6l ncy jyr«") nKvin) minn Sy D'ur-jn ern-D 
n^nu d:i n? «vd: ^jnar ^:yD^ «*? dki . ]iDnp riiD nr^«D mp*? n^n 
nru nr ainyS «Se^ one nina i:^:BSr o^rmn^') . macD^Hn yh'^si 
D'^rnni ]:iy oyo yyn -jk . «inn ppnr y2t2n pn ^b Sy o^Sia^n n« 

'B) "jya^a tr^-in nwvin m:i« er-ne .(k's 'b) iry^^« "\i pns .('d 
n:n d:i nHii . (8 mey) pnnBr«D nmnn ^r-no . (r'D iioy w'^^'^p 
notv -1^3 ^n pu Y'\H2 D^«i3:n cninn Satr ^^bd : D^trnp 'bS ^^nan 
D^3")y DnB^D nny lyn^vn*?^:! «^3n t23 nh nn . "lai SrDi na iS tr^ 
1DV nanyna le^enrn D^Bracn -d d'udih nai n« o^D^^pon 
■nny 1900 .BDya .cSk .t .d^ii .i .b .-le^D^^v) o^^nn ^^y:n o^yiin 
Dn^:» ^3 «\te) iDvn oy at2ye^ «in -nyn d:i "2 rnn pyv-. (86— 7 
nmu innaix lar: iiy ^h2 o paicD -jbd inn .o^ne^Bm (o^^n ^^yao 
('« ni^D '0 piQ d^kSs) naron nai i::i iny inn • o^nrBi idv oy 
^3 (':i /u ni»D) urn .o^nrnt^ nova «S« xni: wnb^ iid« i^«ir 
")i«:n . D^K^D DWD onD ]^« on^n ninfiODi ninoani onan o^n^cfn 
yni: Tvn nh rw'm o^y-ir DnKivittf Diyni ^ncfn nSoS py 

• nn ny 
■■. 15* ■ •> ■-•'.■ , 

'i "^V ■ ■ • - 



onQjfttf D^ipnsn njri nn^n rn^33 pm nrsn iiokS ptpKin mpDntt^ 
Dj or HKHi . (rj? r =11 H^r\2 H22} '^22 TD*?n:i yrw n n^inn 

nano lan^ m];:: ^b *?y djdh ^nn'iK imD^ Sinrm ]3if nin 
{pjr m 'Sj?3 DHi c'':yjn 'ion ific nnsr nyi) DnmKon n^nipn 
Sh^h kpits^ 05 Htm nT2i *iTi^n i'^mt iran nn idk roi ^3 
Kfn^sn ^^num noin*? vi laSa nrn i3im . ^oqd irm roiS ownn 
nit3iB3 nm i-i3i 1331 .iniKO nnjfo 'i*? mntt^ w roi db? Sjr 

trii^Bn AH riHi nh *3 iid' Sd qhS pK nn Din:n: nnm , (96-^7 
n W Vi: q*:d h2 h^f — , n^^ii;^ ''22 Kine? roiD SkuiS ^lOKn 
iin^n ID idS iHvni tpan iidk ^d mvcn 'dd pp nai pi^d ni3 
•iiDKf , T ^ 1 j^ r 3 nSsm "13^ ijk^di pp3Q nnnii : (k"3 3"^ Dn2i} 
^rB: niKn nr« *?33 :(r3 t"* d^i31) 3in3n jd id*? i3rm y'^n 
isrni p^n nn nr3 3tn3n mrn mifi *bSi . -13^31 p^3^ ii*v3i ip33 
T 3 D c J r D^'co inn . 1 ^ -I J? ir D pin onit* d: l^cn^ ]Hrn^ ip3n Sk 
.11DD3 naoS HKii ,3in33 n6 nt n^nn on3nn 



inv ii!P*?n |i3:d ^£*7 . n y ^ 3 1 p oj nmpj rus^ n n . iiDyn t|iD3 cttf 
p ^nK3nr no hki— .nr^in p d: nmpi njf^3i :"i£n3 nrn^ 
HD^e^is njm .m38tn T^psi «fnn3 hv (140 iioy nSyoS) rsKin 
hSm tt»Dnt2^n py ^3 \nnoK (123 iiDjr nSyaS) p^SDm D^*<t33Dn 
yn '2 ^n^Kii \-i3i!? rrny dSik , o^tt^ii ^y D^i£^:«n nn^sS n y V3 1 
nr« Sy jwcip n3iD n^m K^3nr *d Sy ^h ^2 *p S3 "in3 i3in 
Kip ^3 n^Kmn iy Sy idhj n3in die? ojdk » "TiSays onrin kSiS 
p^rnn n? mys ^3 nvnS S3V pS • n *? ji y nr2 n\i«?Ssn ntPHnS 
, n y ^ 3 1 002 nKH nSayn nK^3S Kipi ntn Sron ^313 py m 
Y0':2 orn nrn mpD*? «<''3n itip-iS ns'^ e?n'e3 '^s ^'c^nb "jnvi 
.niwiin ^nr iS^d: iicn3i iitt?3 tpnnn kS piD£3 ^2 iCKtr n^wnj 
Kvrn -j-n Sy (n:eK3) n^oni: n]i3 K^n n^js^m n^iSji ntairs nnnn 
prS ■*£ Sy iro irwe^i po n^2'\n iidn hmi .(S^ikhSk) otrun p 
iV 3^r^t pG^^s cy roin^ oe? nc^i ,m*?w^ DnB?in nhih 3iJi3n 
pyb n^Ycn 'cg nrn phnn nn hki kS ne^ ^3 nw-ii n»D'! .visn 
»*'3« ne^ n3i ?ii3 nK .pyo nun nnsinn nK npS pD^23 '3^ 



nnen f3 — .1013 yirn kS nnit (rnnn kS) un3 n» nny3^ .5 noy 
noiS .^310 hw mon o; nn^n py nyih |n3 ntcn) mmnr 



.niD'7trni D"^iipn nnyn 



.(12 iiDpS) ntaoS mynn Ty hki t^Sih nniKi 



nniK py i:ji ntein >bd— i ijS kvi imD dkh on: Sr onSi .nuy Di:nn3 or 
Sd \nynS ^d nte-u noD^ 110031 . iibdd nnte oipo:} o^un onS iidk 
nriD n?n pir^ai • Skiv^S "jidk K\n o^ta^n n^ 'jy imiv n:nr3» i:jt 
rjinDHD n^Kin oy (rta tS fT'DCfS) mmn Sy wm'^m ne^ ]3 c: 
•)fi)on e)i:io kS ^Siki) pyS nivon 'dd man np^r pM p«i . hn^^-i^ 
'^vk np^ DK >3 .neoS hk-j: i»«3 iniDSe^u inw-i «S hk-ji-i ^mv 
• n^:irn niuinD «^:jk d:wS3 ns^ n^i n«i • (inai «^3Dn i:jnD 



Kiny ^3 (123 nioy) niSoni o^KDMn riD^riD nSyoS n«i ,4 nivn d» 
.nniDD jon Dtr Kintr wiiyiy p nivpn Kin 



d^P")b:x hki) onnK c^Kipi ^jKopipn 'wyn m^;i:x ntran "jidk nniK .4 -iicy 
■•liiKn^n pD^:3 laSn innKi nrn jie^Kin .th py ^a (d^k^h 
iDvyD ^:iKDp")pn ryn inK oipM dSik • onnKi ^ooipn Sk^jti 
'^KHfiDKH n^i:^v Kin» ^o^y iuk ^d (311 nioy ^riKvina) 
n:ji pn*? Sdi:i ;i^^ni iir:jn riK idk py oiip n:ttf o^yucfD nvi«f 
,:jinDn p n?n iidkh w mamr prKin iTh pycf inna 'a 
•»Dim ;nKiD: Til 3 run iiOKn 1^ n^^iw ^a idk ^dt^ i:jk d^dk 



>^>,: 



^DDipn SKm*? nivon ifiDO 192 

(note . ^ D D 1 p n S k ^ 3 t nun 
^3 jyoS , oniD nn« dsS on d^kcb ona uidd «S mtno nenuT 

«^ p .nv^mi u-jvn ny Dn«DB h^2: ^d jvdS .dsS on d^hdi: piri 
ir« ly nn«D^B Si:x:i ^d jyo*? •dd*? on d'^kdi: mint: nena^ aina 
. hdhSd SdS nr j;'» nsit: uSm nh^: 2h^^ uina p Sy . T\2Hhi:h n^yn 
iniD^ D^3 nh >D niD^ ^di nu ainui .pvn^ ncn n« d:ii 2^r\2 p Spi 

ncntm «^n nSu: uSm nD«^ c;n .win p «^i •(^TS^2 nt2nr:n 
DK or .n*?23 Kip: nunn otr «ipDn h22 p« "3 .«\i p «*?•) ..T*?nu 

i;i::*? -nDKi Sd«S hidk d« v^nu n3i:ni .nSa: ctru «^i na? ce^u «-)p 
"inic CK1 .nen pi iru T-isn^ hdui .nn«D nen ('Bsroix win «Sn 
ni« «-ip neSi .pii:in ohc 'nn Dfitre^ «in «^n n::^ nniDi Sid«S 
-iiDKi] Si3kS iniD c«^ .ciui Dhi? ^nn ]^3"i iru nnsn neui .nS:!: 
^Dixn Kin ncKD DK1 , j;u:S iidk hdS nnSa:^ v:i:n uiriD jDri [yi::S 
. nncn ncnun Sj; d: DiiKi n^itr y^:^ kS p d: noSi • d:ikS ik n:i:ie^3 
y^i^n ^3 ynn nxra . (* inS^Kii ^J3 nK *?e^:x:i uinan jc n? «*?£;: k*?*! 
nenu:: y:i:ni , Kor:- kS hdkSdS ne^y: i^k nnK nnen mint: nonua 
n^2J2 IK 2in3 12 hy .kdj:'* nDK^eS enr: dk kdi: •ptri nKca n^ni 
,n-^int2 nana n^n i^stn kSi .kdc p» nSa:^ ik nKot: n^n 



o»£^^ \"2:K:t?ci . (Or. >fe 2494; y.iz^hz Di«nie r'cna ^'s «viS c'c tyn^Bo T' 
■■' 2r\D nrn ono^cn '•cri .683-4 Tia;* 'n pSn J. 0. R. ^h^^nn ;r*r:Da ntn itsMtsn 
n:n -sTiHsn"! . iS -|"r K-inr naK2 ]r nnn kvo: pi . c'c nian hms? iS 'man 'pd3«:tic 
"invan pr'rn ]*.i;Da D^sa'on is a^HXcr . ^'22 ni«X33n niH';rn 'rr 'Pd:h:tib nipn oy 

nonsi j?nn dhts .«in ]3 hS ,Hin ]3 ; Sh^jiS 
.23^ \-:D:«:nD ijrr pi . 'o7-- s ni^v) n'ri^cS hhi .nixon ncDs pj? nvih inaia (^ 

. >nn Dcras : neaS isr . i: c tr o 3 n^jinS 71X 'Sih (^ 
. 3"ir.D2 Nva:s' 1^:3 cih I'^a iSsm' c^b^jkc* n'\^;ih ^iv ck '3 : nt rnc 'pD:HiT":B (* 

. nnan nenan lira ^whS iSsi^b^ ]2V Sic 



-^,+:^ 



191 ^DDipn SK^:nS mvDn ijdod 

hn nrKi rjinan n^^ . «^n no? nan miw 3vid3 • nnr Sp:j Sy nnr 
K^ ^3 inv ipoS nriTDte , «^n noK na kSi n'^M nn (^ K^r nnviK 
yD«^^ teS i«^Ki ^n^DD ^v (^^:ynin ittfwi .inv^ zjin^D nn mnm 

. 1:1 liV 



(: n?S onip idki 

invK nviK «M «S nan nain^n ninxn n«? •nmnw S« n»«i 
^nlrK mn« (* n«ip3 «\n ^d . invH (* d« jd «Si ine^H ^:x«d m^un 
n:j nny (^inna i»«3 •in« r^«D inrw C^^dh n»«D mSi: o jyoS 

nnSun d« ^d (^nrS^n «\i nmn« «S nnin« hn nr«i pi .7^ 
7^y niiDH "|n»« nin« ""d ynn nwni .no« Sya p i« n^3« ne^Ko 
.(^*^n"iD3i D^^na nerw by d^hh ^^tr DmD« -jvio o .nrnMi n^^n^ 
n»« teSn r^« niD^ d«i .niDUi D^^nu dSij;^ n"niD« nrn« ^n«^ ]d 
ninK Sy -jidk nSyu K^n n»« nion d« p . vm by n-)\D« non 
]n nniDK nnr^ nwr iKir jnc^ d^^: ^ntr -3 ynn n«Di . nnm nirKn 
. jniD3T p^^nD in« r^w*? jn^nr nvn^ . n«r Syu ne^« n«r nrn^ oSiyS 
nm o i^D^ nnui nr« pyu aina nrn lanm ,(^^«m nayini no? ^d 
nriTiK iKtr «*?n nin«n p .«\n nor n:n m«r ainDS .nKr niw 
• nan m«» idh '•a niD:j'i o^^na ("nrn« '»n» niiiD^ p Sy .C*>^n 
(•^nSmneriT^ nn^i nr« (^S-irip jd n«?*? n«r ni^np nn«»C*pi 
dSi«"i .pyetr BurD n«n piKi t23trD n«T nn^i n»« ^a •nn£3«^Di 
. D« nnfirDD i« D« nnsj^DD nSi: nn« nnsjroi nnK ears nnin«i nttf« 



. rr p"Sai or nr Da f 

. &Ma hSi ^nrH sho : p"Sa ( * • 

.HHTpa : nn« ^"31 p*Sa (* 

. 5 « : p'^a (• 

. s in 3 3 : p'^a (' 

. Tii)rS nSty 'ui : »)^to p'Sa (* 

. '3jrn D M »|3 ny ]WHin D h o p riDra iDn p'Sa (» 

. iflDHH HHnS DU'n -CH Sh^ST Da '3 HKia PITD (»« 

. K'n not nan mna^ '3 : ifoio •'33 (" 

. '3«rn K ' n 137 ]wmn k » n p tdh p'Sa (*• 

• ninn ^3a (•* 

. n 1 p'^a C" 

.nanp p^a {« 

nSna nm^S rpj«^ aut inin .nSnai 'h *»3a jai p^a (»• 



p H^t:^'* mfi nnj nsra mn ib^k dhi ,(Mn*? 3»Dn Sp ski .13*? 
noi .man nnn irK s^rcn nKDca noS*? "7^1: *<*?n pin-ic kodit 

Tien nrh Sttkib j^jij pine dki .(^71313 on^na nnn^ c'?^ 'o 

^oS^ , u j?p itt^K «D£:d Sd:3 S y k in kit didk !?jun ts^iaSo S3 '2 
p 'D ,SvKiD j?J>J ^3 ': "i-wn DK1 ,KOtJO ^33 C2y nh ^m ho 
,yri *n^3 its^n n:yi£^Dn nYp hk ("»^ ikSd) ikSdh nVe?^ 3in3 y:mc 
, HJyrDn nvp *?r nSs: nj?^:i: ^3 ^Sh idk^ itrK tr^nS n^c^nS S3iii noi 
jnn noi • rtP^^^K niQicys yr^ ^S^1 loxn dki . 13? ptpS3 no?'. ntR'' 
f 1313 Kin m iK'?nn ^7^ 3in3n nr dhi . ^2tti jr:j iDvjr3 k'? ^3 
31^33 .eiij K^i mi mn ^H*?Di . DiK nj?^3jS 1H*?D iij?^jj nciii no*? 
'^^ *?3? 3in3 pi , 3ij?D3 jfiui nirD3 Kin nni . (^ nini-i v3KSt; ntcfiy 
'^^ Sp 3in3 WK 3;r 1131 {*niyn^ b:^^2 nb d:dki .i^trr^^ Dnn3 pr 
.(^"131^ nj;i3tt^ rm ^KSD nr^j nmn nD*?! .diki np':ij 11313 



^Kp nS nSK nivD lec ^b p'j ^Dcip^K n»o p Sk^ji "i^ipC^p Kim) 
(: 1DK . iS irK mYD isc3 r ^ ^ d d i p n n e» d ]3 *? k '^ ^ i n3i «iu nn 

(^ ^3m^ *?p3 n3 1^e , ^Jnin nr« fc mb^in moK "jntrK'? .thd cki 
yhv K^n niiDK .inrK 3k p kS^ -|nrK dk p k*? niSij k*?i .km 
,n^Ti3 .tS? 3U133 ,inttfK niD nnK Cybn nimDi ,>irK ^m3 
(**' "3 ipeS OK ^3 , niv i^dS kS nit:3^ d^m3 (" nrnK Mr nnicKi 
d'?ij?'? \n nwDK {^^nNr*? nm iwr pm c^r; mk? *?3i *n«? ikk? nm 



.n 



, n*m K0C3 vSj* arr- ne^n ♦Ssn ^i*\ : ( V'd i*a H^p^i,;' ais^ piDcn *|TOi (• 

. 1 * 1 S T 3 MM (« 

yajsn Jiin^ on D^rfM^on hn^z^ nrV? (:^10 ^^ov *n«v^n2) 'i«opipn nny »cS (* 

• ni t p n *7 S^'y Mt . (iToSna n n iir \o) inM*?! -onS ininin m x n S (* 

, B^anon mno ni* |u*aj n^i^w nyiar ]^i?3 
nci »''33 H^os milt * (n ' 1 ir n^5*jya) i^j^ar p nis* PinnS n^aiya ni»on itca C' 
ipoj*cS nmoip naipSa ciacsp D^tatps ceia mn lOHfsm (>fe>fe 305,1401) nn» nc*o»2 
^^ .(ISa— 9 iioy r^ mFH) 

^^^v 0^3 mrr S'x ^3 «in 1^3 Dh^H .^povc S^n pi ^'33 p (' 

^HB * 1 ^ ^ S? &v P^^ (* 



189 ^DDipn Ste^aiS nivon ibdd 

^10^1 n^y, Ypm n t« YP^ *1V (^^^ ^^ \9^^ •P'^^ '^"'^o ^^^"^ "'y 

^DiKD (' K&o :ini ej^y K^n j^p«fm . -jnayni innn \*:i i3?a j^pvri . ibc 
.('m:iiB 13 e^^ i»« i:n Sao lyn*? vSp d^hSk kt Sdi .Sd:i Ttn 

(:Dn mvD -ibd^ r^ ^DDipn ^te^:in n^r. 

«VD^ «^ 3inDD .('^D^DDipn jntrn dk uwn*?! trm'? liS -jidk 
"vin ttfm^ ^h imo p«"i .':n D^Dop Dop r«:x mui i:^ i^uyo i^ 
D^Dttfn nainS ^v ]^D?n niyi .d^dv ^-pini o^DDipn p^vnu inyiDi ^v 
oninn :jin33 .e^K dbivS d^jdh ni«i2n nirnvi D^trnn o^yntDi 
. DfiBiv r« rpa vn n:n "j^S? i«i:x^ ie^«D D'»e^inS o^vnio d^udidd 

DK1 [cajnu D« D^i:i n^3 (n:x»:x) nitt^vn*? inD«SD i^Sy mioKi 

nSS« nam (" ^DDipS« bnp) .n 
(:S«n innm^ ^DDipn noK 

\*H i»« mnB ^'ra ^ai n D^na .dik ne n«De p nrp ]^« n«Dt3 
S^fiB n^Dv v^y D«i . ^^Dn «DB^ mnB d« o yninS • vhy S^nB i^nv 
nKDD jD whp ontr ni«Dt2n in^ ^d 5i«"i .^Sdh jd n^Dtan nn y:iiD 
n^n ^SiSi • njt^p mj riKDo no n«DD nn«i . mei Sn: onS Hin • no 



Dnano^ SarHs ^in SsfH TaataS hsoi n i p fi d i p b d fiKiina n u i b i n a i b (' 

. (3 mjrn 151 niDjy) nSj^oS nnn , onnit D'inp 
. (? vjyit p fiB^ , J* 910; 'a ne^DKi fi'snj^a nwon 'dd pSno '"aa (* 
nnt >a (nan nnj? <nj?T kSi) avia »nH»oi . mayn niaiatwii naiann <Sj?a9 iwia (* 

Kin »S^Ki (16 1491 naBP ^ana KVii) 'a nB^ona n'anjra fiwon 'do pSno ^''as (• 

• nmnna 
: D«r n^aTyai . dvi tav Sa nya kSi naMSon Sa lya awpn hb inmvi main (J 

. • • fi^ n2^«pD^ rruiAM ^^ 
tanoutn lii nwi Kin noKoni • (J* 2001) 'a su^Ka n^ava b^bS nivin >» (• 

• m© Tu ny (iS^bmi) ijhi (*• • i a i n o irani^a S » m i o (• . Mon mash "nvnn « 



itSK sinDH K^n p ^3 jrin nnm , o^nn: (^nw) ^ar kSi ihk nnj 

yi j D1E2 iTEsij? but*'? *.jS j^k ^d yi nnyi , ^v min3 ht pm n v j k p 
n*7K pins yr ntt^w nn Dvn Kin ti .^e^n ik2 msiyn mer hSr 
iS r^ ir« 131 ^^ai , ]!) «•? loiK nn p idik nr new . nissiyn nior 
ncn iS pK irxi ,irji 3ny icd mm nneS ^3^: (^KipD2 nt2n 
nail . onnKm ccnnni n^aiym dish ig3 imK iin£^ *?2i2 nh Kipes 
nDK p Sy . Dn nr m nwyn nS« yi: kSi ijae nnir iripn |wS 
omni , njr •'aa^ o^nn dk ^3 ivits ^iiyc kdd ^iiy (* yu kS ^3 ^^3k*? 
.p ^3 yin riKDi »Cn)K3n -jm «Si ,DHnn n:r C*p:£3e^ Kin 
Dmni tKi3^ niyic yiu k*?i n^33 i^on n^sn e]iy njK^i xSn ^3 
nm3 , n3Ki3 r\]^ nn iicic^ iwi dti nm 3^33 . njB?3 d«i3 ny yn^ 
njD^K nrK ^v niv yn ""j iDKn om .f dkd'' ,i^JBtP l^n ^3 yin 
omn npc ^y niv p Sy ^3 yi .('3npn^i nitrn p f]iy tv* nx*? 
Kin ^i3!r iDKn DK1 . nKT Kvo: K*:*n n? K^es kS o« .nar ^53 iK 
T^i n^3n [ff|iy ^31 wt p ^y s-'Koen iins icr i3r: kS ri^ 
pDi I'c *?3D ^3 ice:^ i3n KDD c^iy S3 kS ^3 yi . h;:iji^h iJiio »ini 
^rc nD3 yT ^di .irts*? sny *?3 hk 3in33 .inro*? run 3k (^'^Kinr 
^3 ^3 yin rtKD ♦ m^^oS pjn nm ^inrn nm • na^oS n^Kn nm , 3iiy 
ii3n nhm nn^reS o^rc nD3 onS b»^^ •msiyn ni3K on onsrjn n^K 
HI" S3 ^3 yi nnv .Kin (^'piiyn dk^ k^ ^i3r "3 yiv ^di .cnior 
C'^ptpij nw "jn (^*mr ^331 onin ok ^3 ^iiy St3kS 1^ pK cmSk 



H^n pet *5 nvnS Sav S'Ti n^aij^a hjm m* '^'r nranri nSon *3 lyBfH f- 

.p6t nSea nuita lojin^ iticDt Diainai .inxiitp 
* i*ipo3 ^iy *i3rjBf no : iniia ni*i3n ^m (■ 

* many^ morn oain^ *?nnni , p oain |?y w *a {67 -nop) nSvo*? ia»i*'> (» 
.145 -rioi?) nSpoS nin nSiiiini Simn nin nn »a noi«r 'Soin-jSo im yiiy m (• 

* nhvnh ainar laa anon jnv : S'lt *3 nye'K (' 
pip K»an>^ niSvn *?y (*n^ *\ 3"» h^^D ^insn *d i*»n Sn^n nn nM-un 'ca (* 

. n*?y3 S;? »iyn h2 kS ]3^i nao*?H it^my 
* SiAJin mn '1DW *a . yn»3 o^aann iri'fi p 1 ' 
• MDon r|i]?n S"i ('* .xinaf *d ;*oi ;*o Sod oh ^a noa (** 
. -inn oj?Ba (67 — 8 iiojr) nSyoS pj? nyi ui ii»n nitta (" 



^DDpn ^K^n^ niSDH nsDD 



nS^« HDm ^3S« D«") C *?«^^T ^»<P) .K 
(:S«n inonT (*n^3 »«i ^«>i-i now 

• (• (Dn^mK3) Dn^nim«3 yni: n:ji«m D^rm nDnan nine ^d yn 
n3"iKi .n»|Wpi n^Dion D^:m •. 11:11 hdis yiDB^a (nonn) ncnai 
nvni«:x «S Dmev^ yii: c^ij^n ninei .(d^S^iS) vS:iiS ^j;dd o^n^u 
(vhy) ^h lerx ^iv Sa (nt2D*? pi "»^) ^v mv nh '•d .(*(nini«3 kS) 
i«f:n n« ^inD^ .Oora) loe^u pi pc ^a d« ^a .i^3«n pi p niK 
niv ie^«3 nvm«2 niBiy nint: d: '•v niv «S hdSi (id« ,*?«p) ji 
nw D7W1 .niiinB3 «*? ni«Dt: niDnu ni« ^a i^dS .0^:11^1 niDnnS 
(«Si) «S niDe^u niv p Sy . one nam kdd ejiy ni«3 -.ino ejiy 
Kin ]D IK p niK iS irK ^ly Sd 12'icn h2 '•d ynn nKiu .nmiK:! 
nKip iS i»K e)iy h2 1DIK r^i . i3^D niiu Kim n^ hy niD i:n i^nt: 
^D b^utrin Dm .iiDK^ nyi3 kSi Kin p k^i •Sa^?^^ iniD (*nvi:i 
n V :i K p KM nyi:i nKiD ^a o^atrin on ^2 . DMna ^nr (on) nvi:i nKip 
tap^^ irK *?DiKn Kin (nKia) nKion o yni .Kin p k^i .(''n^^vini 



"31 (>fe 2989; b"bS minn ''to p'rns , '2 neWo ^'a ^ara ^nHjfo ntn lOKon (^ 

TDn p nr^Sa^iH jkd^Sd p <SyS ni)rDn 'do pSn mn &m 'S «in p^^ '2 

pS ♦ n S 3 B^ K 1 nnDj^s d^iison n»:ann loanS ]n3' n^anya S a S h d in nKfin (" 
nitay 'H n:«f) npvina ^noBinty mvin ''bd pSnn '3 yniK a^Ki .ntn iRnn nn p ^norvi 
nn^a p^itnSi nvaij? niSo K^anS Sh'it t^t ]a »3 . ]^D'iao kSi Sn^ino nniin 'B3 Min (169 
^fi 5?*i nrta p ^H^ii Sup : 'a '"aai , ^pDaKiTie b^^t n;?n oa H^n 'nj?nai . najrn puin 07 
. 'a '"ata p n^fipion niSon (» . TiW ni3fo ncoa y": na^ta ]a Sh':i ioh) nS nSn niixo ifio 
VBipSa nm)]»t3'iairi54 nioj? nSj^taS n«n)py n^a aa o^aanno laS o^any ^nan (* 

. i-iDoS K^anr (t'o 'h mp^i) ainan 'b Sj? (» . ('4 p^ 
y'Dnn nco Sa) :niaa*n nnyn nm Mi»nD npSi vthk rnnr a'^in d:i wnn p (• 
«a (Dozy, Supplement II, 411) nn nN*i dSim .hd ^Mp D^nn Mini .(144 viafi 'm p^ 
• S^iTi nai Min n«aiya '»ni 'on »)iSni • n » i k p h^ roiain. 



•1 

* \ 
■ ■ •: > 

•/.'it 



. --4 









i'.- 



i>*NL, V 




n "J : ^ n D D 1 n 



"■DDipn Vnmt Dsnn'? nison ibcd 



-t^^- 



^niiKn:n pD^aaS nivon -jbdd 184 



Di^u ]2ip H'^nnb niv uhD hy^ .om^fiD ^d^^ roirn nnia ^ro^^n 

in«^ mSvi .inKDn 2'^y^ te^ipD mcfS n^D^^en ivnn hn }ff'^pn hn 
. n^:r mnD nS nSpn nupiSr nwi [D^rcfi] ")3?Sr nri^iri d^»S» d^d^ 

D^:iDr D^ii D^D^ ")DW Kp ]3 • H^iir mnt3 nS nSjfn "|3 in«i (^ diS» 
nSyn mSv niriD pS^n .(''^':ii n»p n^jKn d^dti riKSoin dv riKoi 
nnra nupa m^eoS nyucfi d^w dv3t nar m^BD^ nv2iH\ o^trSv dv:j 

,nisDS ^^nDD on^fini •vorn 



...(*D^ri mnyS d^w« nviy p wtu trnfin 









183 ^n:iKn:n t^o^::jS nivon -jfiOD 

nn-mtD nrhv pip:} iTh KSttfotpo:} wvoi •pip^nnvnar toSo /ji 
o^ttfSttf irwS nan nnSp kS» idSd . nnhy >6 n^m noKw • ]y\p i6i 
kS pip w nrhy nh^ ]vyi . '^^ ripoS mno '•d^ d'»d^ ncfSn uv 
nh^ nnviD nS nn^ycf ito^S . i:-inB idd '^^ vfipth pn te^3r6 nStD^ 

(^T nrtt^n Sd niivon Sd pS .d^d^ npw nivo ini onyioi nur 

^Dn iDnS Sd [-1DWV . jD^^p^] ]^y^n p« nni« "lyi^ nh w irk oipDu 

• nyD iJDD^ nitDH '^^ iD«S on^Sp i.Tprn SScnn ^d innsD «S:j noen 

r'^r mivD Sdw tidS*? .oyn n« Ken^i in^pin^ S« '^^ pDv^i id«i 

'Cnhyy p:} j^nr Sai . ^nwyS D^:j^^n mrpnS n^iD^i n^ nrrn jnix 

. pu D>3^^n ]^« 7^ n:i^»ni 



fD^^a iD« nyivn p mntan nnw in:ji:ji 

kS^« n^:r mne iS nnSp «*?» idSd . i^ np^ '':'^i^}ffn nv2^ [-id«] 
"inK D^:jip3 D^ympn d^bdidi ni::xipn Sar .trovn nnra ^:i^Drn dv:j 
S^i .TDfin n^iy idSd •ip^n nSiy iuSd id« dS^uv ,TDnn nSip 
-Hi^S n^Dnn nS^v^ D^jriapn ]^3 D^Dip: o^piap d:^«» d^bdid ntainp 
D^ynpn D^BDiD r)i::np Sa Sv icwe^ .(^D^v^'^n ^^bS TDnn nSiy 

mn:ei ni^ipi maiii oma Ss in«S D^inp: oanpiD *?3 ^bdic:^ ■iid*?^ 
13^03 ."n^Dwa in«nDn Sar •D^v'J^p D:^«e^ D^D*?rn ['•Jnari dh^ddji 
.TDnn rh^yh ie^« ipun nSiy inSo nawr ..Ttrjra onpin n^Si 
niSv Dnnn«i .ni:n:i om: niiaip nnn^i .n^Dn n*?iv n^nn is^bS 
. yiup u^Kr D^D*?Br nar lai Sd in«i . D^vup Dr«e^ d'»dd:i nn:Di 
Dvu n*?yn onSr n^:r mni: itb: kdb Sn; pai ynivDi nari d? -[d^bS 



. . (62 nw W Vb pM>) nW? ]V nana nto pikt (* 



» .->5 A 



••liiKn^n i^D^:^*? mvon ibdc 182 



ny^Ji *?iCD ntseS np^DBS D^Svine Spoo . (* SidS py^n nnDroi 

nc^p^ D^r:iet8^ n\n^ ID hdd^ nSpts^D ^:iiS (®p^:ini .v^ai*? yam 
o^DD nt2cSr . fiK*? y^an min^ ns nvM inisps Din lowtt^ • Sinn 

.(^S:ii onrK nDD^i p« 

(^^Kp p^ja .T 
(: ]^c^ja iCK 

J 2 S20 p^DD n:pDi n^3 i^S"" DD^nnnS iDr ^d ddS 'jie^ d^c^ n^iott^ 
Kin p .Sid*? c^r^n d'^d'' n^ietr ptr idSS .H)n in^D »S itr» id: 
1CK1 Sic -icK kSi ddS Sid> ick • inSiy -itt^s Sit:^ ^j^ott^n orsi idw 

C^ I^C^JD S«pi) .ID 
OpD^^D IDKI 



. (79—80 iioy 'T p*D) n^j^oS ]ij? nai nni (' . cir nt d4 (* 

. ujff nt D;i f* . (84—5 iioy i^tai i'^ p^; nSyoS ]aj? nm nin (' 

812 nman »fi3 mn S;iin noipi . (87—8 itoy »"< p^) nSj^oS ]5j? nsT nin (» 

. 3Xii Dp Dniin n»S;^Bf Siin 
riHTina h «y m nSoa py ironw ^oa n j? » i i ninirD y ' i nSoa awiir^ ]n3U3 (" 

.(11 110]? nSj^oS rwn) nv^aa 
. nooS naian nio^pon 'iira 'a y^hiih jrifii pnS inan nAoo nw mta noS^i (^ 

. or nt d:i (* 
. w nr Di (»« . nnara mvi nSnsn »d a'^ p'D Sh na«r nwTn nnainn (• 
'3n DiH:fo3 ]aipi mi 'd w pta pi o nmi K»aor o^aman nan »fiS <a V"i (" 
• nSKH D«:nn Dmsoa ni*7Xi n]^a tu o Dnrtii D^ainao rrat^ nooS dS>n .ninoi rwouo 
•(129 iiaj?) nSjroS inrm o^itani »si»pnpn ^»n nna»n pjr njn i« -pny w rw«n »fcai 



181 niiKnin ]^o^33*? niron leoD 

eye hy mow nrr dw .«in ^D kS .njw«n oye hy idw kS 
ar^i noKi ..T^y DnS""*. n^sn lop Sdi yriiT ir^ noK^r •niWKn 
iw noKn DK1 .3in3 n^n nDf?D n«i nivn nK nD*?**! K\nn nyz ynn^ 
DK .(^D^w^3 oy P»w nryr mow invi nrrKi nonSo Sy ni^r- 
(^iSd» niDW n:ir«n n^"'D Sp n'?'»o Svk mow na^r it oa Kin p 
kS ^d m D'»^iy ^D iow» .I'jD kS fiK*? iwr nyi onvoa S«nr^ 

. DnvD n«^v^S n^Jttf ^^S^'^ . j)i2 onw iSo 

^n^^r nS^D DV1 .>w nivoD pnp iKin ppStt^ (•\nS^D dv] o 

n^3 n^S^ ^B pD'»j3 (^*?Kpi) / 
(:n^a n^S^ nnw pcjis idki 

• nnK*? inK orBJ d^Sid Sk^v^i .nnK^ nn« d^b: d^*?id en (^^i:ii 

iS f?1Dn "1DK1 D3*? SlD^ 10K . DD'TlTmS ID? *?3 D3*? ^ID'' IDWr 

noa .n:3 n^iy nK nn^ni niv miBV npni nowr .o^tt^: iS^bki 
• (^^iJ3 nS-iy nK niism iCK^tt? .o':np nSny nK nn^nr Dn^n 

izyhH >fl ^Kp (12 pe>:ai) .K^ 
(:(i'i3j^n nniK idk ]>d^:5i 
Sion lowtt? . wb: '^id*? r^n i^^k kihi iniK d^Sio o^r^Ki 

. nnD y'n So K*?-) Siy Kinttf wb^ rins^ jv^i . -isr Sd ddS 



. ii3rni n^an Dnip Sunc^ f nua nnnn niints d;^ S"n ( * 
. 1 n t3 r : nij^oa nnn ^"aa ('' 

. (77 11DJ? 'a |D^) nSyoS nm . winS h'^^ Kin Sn;in nSnar pj? nj^T n;i: ^iiy ht ('* 

. Dw nr d:i (' 
nn D'SiD Smr' ^:3 o S*-n . nirw nn c»Sio : niStan c^Swn^ ^^nv mj^a^nn <fiS (•* 

.ninvo H^n n'^rn on nSon T' 

• (78 l^DV 'n p^d; nSyoS nm .nat b^^k hih Snionr py nj^T n^a wt (*• 

Sh^«^' ^n*? Di3in naj mn m:ii .(arm i:i) Sunr^ pa ]awn naj win i:i nniin 'fiS (* 

.(79 iiDj? '1 JD»D) nSpoS pj? nana rwi (»^ 
n:a nSon |D)n»ia rm pn SidS Sam nrnn «a ina^aa mam man ^rp^a <Sih (" 

.ar m ai (" .(miM S»it 
. M>n p'fomn Tftrn niyoi • lajrS hSi ppS y^v; nin mn nonon ^Sih (" 



'ijiKnjni'O^j::^ mvon-.DDD 



180 



. i3n3» 0V2 nnw T3k H^:n cki , nnotn (* nm: ^d o^^pS 

*cS'K i^ctt* 01^5 Tsw ^Esr H*r DK (' pn*?iD |'Kr idSd . hh^k n^3K 
31V injt St; no D«i * D^^pS H^H in*?iD [f]iCKi m^*? pK pi . D^-'p^ dk 
IS'' "iBH DKT iD*<:r .nr moD yiSJi ntPKi:! ^iSn rr^ir Drn iniK 
n^VcS iin£3n -npn nr idd n'^vn pi ,njiy nw Kr:i i^ow d^d cnn 
oi'-pii ijftir nv3 nmi T£n2 ^KK^-n inn^ "HDr ::«n ^d^^s"? .3«:3 
ly mn n^iYD ^i^r nSr ^3i Sd^t Sp^S nn«rn2i nnT2i22 p^ »nmj 
*«tri nSv3 nSv:i n^^iS nn^ntr p^Di , nSv3 t\i^ih n'2H nfrns Kvnr 

» n^'?^ Dip^ nwu Sv niDK i8?« b 7^m^1y^ nioStt lui hD]K3r 

hn SKitP^ ^33 HK Son omt msin prin* iS e^yn ,n^3c? Snir^ ^32 
niivvn Mr ^S nry iDKir . (^ «n riptr -|S ne?? ich . mSiyn nyn^ 

iCKitr (*' Bi ninm d^iiv nmn . hS^dS kSk inr:s^ kS omv msin 

131 S23 o^Sio cnn mnin kvd: «StP 1751 .i"^* e?^DSnD pe^i 
. [njD nSij? nK] misni m* nii£y npni ittK:r , «vD:tt? 

kS nnvcD *7Ki0^ iNrr iDr .«in onvo nn-^Tb *C*n^jr idki 
D^'K^iM Dpn b2 vn D''SiD ^5 iD*<:r ♦ C \y^^ I'^^b iK^r ip ina iSd 
3W1 iDKn DW1 , iSd kS nnvDD onKYS in3 i3id3 omS^n oyn S^i 



• (83 niD? M*' p»o) pjr^ nVo »in3 n^yoS niti (* 

. n^ar Sk^sp^ 03 nn *?io ^iit'i p , or nt dj (^ ♦ f5*> id»c 83 nttsy 
,(8l -iiDS? 'o to^^i !i*?J?oS py nana t\h^ T* 



hnp n^^K nteni pD^j:: n^Di kd C 's ^^s) 
(;iDK .S« liiDni'' p^J3 nisrr no^ pi£3 

•nil^n \n^ Sdc iS^hd nt iDKitr . p2 inrr o^n^ 'ne^ii , \n^hp ^b^r 
-iGK . pKH Si? jn5 ihjS vSr*7 *?jfDO D^yi^ iS •nte^K i?3ik hy i^inn 
ntrj? •»:» noKi ,pKn Sj? ?ifiiv' eiiji iD«ir iDiy c^js *7P0 eiipn |n«? 

^nr ^^Ktr iD^D |n3 iniS igki , vSii *?|fDD vyis ^ne^ iS-'Kr idSd 
1*? '\vfH iGKi .jmK -111JD Kin nr*?n(^io p Ssk |n3 i^hd hS vyia 

iCK^ . (;* D'^nv D^Sji 3;:iiK di^ c'v^z^ "itoS*? . rSii'? Sj^cs W'V^o 

, SidkS *i1dk d^jo^d ts^iSe^ p (-^ iBmn ^\yn pig? Sd p^sS 

*?Kp nhbn ncm (/'pD'":^) 

«-jp rig K^r DiTjn^n nnrj rS kSr n:sin ntiinc onn ir^ttf 
jD 'IK Dnmn p ^npm idkjb» .Csmnisn on nm n^vi ♦an^je^D:i 
. ajnn i:tn d^j^di idk jc? njiun S'jp nr\m n^v} , ^n1p nn nivn ^^2 
mni:3 i^r kS -[d^bS . inHt:nS nn ik rrjr pi iDK^r k\-i n^i^ ]0 nni 



3iDn k'?! /ii nm^ n3 'i'Di hdhd (ine^K n«) tt?-iv tt^^nn ^d 
nh "inii^H m vw Kin r^Kn ^Si^ iok /ai ihk nco Sk ntscc nSm 
iK^'a n?D i^f JC31 . iHK c23rD Kinr ^dS n*7nj nriv nn^nr ^d jiit idk 

.(^nts3tp p "inKD pin ni^T^ nr^Kr 



.n 



iriyn 'o H*3 nana nS;^aS nmi , auo'D ^3Sf3 Te-Dan [it* jij?t liis ^ny inr (* 

.T»^nM c'K^m (154 -noirj 
, } a 1 1 Wi n«i3i * ^'33 p (• 
. neoS e)D»n n^snr ninan ja npS yini* *itoan f* 

• DBf nr Qj (« 
pn nS^anS n»nn kS la^v sinsn man'? pi . (67 majr) py nan nSj?aS niti {^ 

, ar ni da (• 
. nttSBf p KTntp *]it nriH mn Sio ifi»M mrm*? Ditp hy^n ^3 S'l (* 

J2* 



'TJi«nin j'D'Js': mvon tsod 



178 



I 



nttftsn Di^ nKDi o^trsn ikvdj »aiiK nn *7j; rinS di"' irpj? ns^^e^zi 
HT CI? c^^n]c (^Dnj?ici nivo ^rim .('or w'Jthtt? rin ^:: D^rin 

[■mKi onrpD ^y^ws n^cn rrm'? D*nr n^e?!! ^sc^rs t!?in^ njraim 

anyii: '^rin i:'?r cit^in *tr«i ]urnr j:^hh .r\:^n ^trinS cd^ Kin 

1155^ rnjpn ns^SiD'^ htSio m^m^ nn:t£» ^rin p::irn nS'^am nS^sn Sdt 

Kin Di" ^J«r 5£^"fn rKi^ d^'cv irk irin efKi n%T8^ jv^tr ,nT oy 
:njc Kin nn , d'^d^ njitrm onit^y ^^ts? tCPTm dv d*2?Sb^ inK tann {-^ dv 
cSii^n hj Y);h iniKin n'^nm .cSiyn h:: r\^H102^ wr^ rnKie:] ni* 
nins 3iy nyi 3i'>; imH pi .Dbijrn b p>'^ hkt^ mp (''jon Kin 
iiE2^^ S'JDn onyin ^38? dw inm p D*rin •'S'' d^jisi . srin e*Kn Kin 
ttfnnS nyrn:} cD^mtc^sj hk ojTar "iskjb? . isr ^ns? nyi cvn ::n]; p 
DI- ntry n>?::iK3 ptt*K-i2 icki . C3n2^ innt!*r) nnj; nj? nnj^G zinw 
Dnm nt22i .:i-5:i?3 ^mh cn^jri nnKn cv ny nivG iS^Kn ^nya 
n»m p'^J :inyn nr srnn mKnn^ rnn ,rKn j^np*? pa^nr piiDft. 
nnK tt^nn tt^Kir p'^D n:2? ^tt^nn nntr ^^k ,n:nn£ icr^ cnyiD ('^tcni 
1M nn^ D? C^D^itmj ori inunns iQ2 mn^cD ^:r e:»in tPKi'! nnyno 



^^ 



nt^ HV psTKnn rnnn '2 



lyi :n^K iKnn ck ni^n iiK ('' irp:n » . . 

,(i"nnK cnn 



en s^ririn »3 ;^ht n^ma c^pm^n itr^in (304 -nojf ^DKiins) nwcp^p meo ^fiS 1' 

B1fi12T . ^'DH 'CS ^•a»32'? E»:n l£5n QJ n^2-^ £3*arC M»33 1 i 1 n C 10 3 KOaDH [^ 

♦ 1 3 1 n c r 1 D 3 : ii^t uhh i^n ^3tr 

• 1 s t 2 lit lot'? h"^ ^Sm (*" 
, m^B nvH ]ncn IK e^inty nc ha ^2 riK-ys (* 
• Xi^^i^h y^T nr c;5 »3 hkij c-^ipn iokico ( '^* 



177 



njiKn^n j^D^^aS niyon ibcd 



hynit i^c 112H sr^i |n3iT op^i "s^pn aria Sk oysj^ oyss i^tpic Sp 
SiKtt^ noH^i Tit DipD ipsn nK?n tt^inn nincD m'i . n^n ope ips^i 

niipD (/ Q^jpnctt^ -|idS^ Si^k*:^ onSn Sk -[Son sr^i 'idhi ♦jnaj^no 
3r^i ]n:^n' opn .('-cn'^n S« n'^en atr"*! idk ,D^E^in ^e^Kin onon 
.13^ n^in mm inn "^d*^ oipn ni-^DnntE? "[loSS ,i^i mpD ips^i 133K 
iPHi vn o''D^ 'Ji^ ''3e?n rinn nnnDD *idki .n? irv3 nn n? iva nr 
D^D^ ^m ^w I'^^BKr iidS^ ,on*?n hn arn o: '?iDn d: ^dk .rin 
p^jD *<'?« ,.nii5n nnisTD Du^pnc d^dm ^:r ddik d;i nn tt^«n 
kSjp ♦ '^iiffn mim mr\\:i ors kSm o^r-D k^ n^rnn a^Kn p^x (^ nSy^ 
D'^^tt? n\i' ^:b^ c?nn dvdt ptrn^ trin arc o^rin t^ D^iior wsk 
«*? ID-'E^ , Kin (*ipin ti?in tc^Ki k^ rinn n^jr nM^tc? p^3r .vmz 
BTKiSc* nSsm p'lp Djn ♦ ^:i£^n tj^inn nins di^c nhn rin ^D^ D^iic 
T'nrn rin^T iDKjr ,^^rn rinn rnno era k*7k vrr^ k^ rinrr 
npnn dv wyn «S mini? nDK^D Sd dd"? »Tn* spip Kipo tt?inS inKD 
.(^'Ji TDnn nSij^ is'^D idki .nmi nnS nSij? on^ryi D2S nw 
D^^tDi ,8?in^ inw kSk u mVeni rin ^k-i pip a^^npo kS p^e*? 
B^jttf me? Sd (/ p^j min rnn » (*^dv o^trStr dv ctr^r nsipn ^rin ^d^ 

□^jd: D^D^on PHK? a^D^ ns^Dn njrn ^irnn nDipn tt?nn itrj^ d^j» Sjy 
n^tt»^*?t£'n Si?i yi^K^^ nirDHD n^ic^^Str injf hjc^ l^ytb ,uv wrh^ 
nifar Dm » n^jrn nSnnD n^Je?*? ni:3j^ ii:3i?3 ir j?ntP3 nysiwi 

ny^B^s ^jBfn tt^nna '\nHW , dv D^e^Sr or w^hvf niDpn ^rma? p^Jtsi 
1DK1 .innsj D^Dic^n niaiKi nai Dinn mryo *?d lypa: »inS its^y 
^y^attfn K^ina nann n^m . dv hko'i o^wdh n^pD pinn hv D^cn nnj^i 



,noo*? 1D« pi »(cin s^H-i nSiy) nSiyn pipS o^o^n pao : iniiD nKijn ^63 (' 

♦ rnn r-rpinS n«n nan^r ni* noiDn rnyiaa nSon nSusi n^ oti ^^ 

o'S^nno Q»i3<n pioS ^3 main ^isi , i n k n dm ^3 p » i* i 3 ^om nh nc *3 S*^ (* 

;'I4 *3 »itiDn m;?oa nfi^^nsj iom rin rnnn niSnn nrSr ^S'ji* (^ 



n^iKH^n i^c^ii*? mvon ibdd 176 



inn 1CK K*?i .3K Sy pi vnK Sy nK ci^Sme^ r""i .(*^nim^"i psnS 
d^^iy: cm n^in n>c wv^ pSi . ic^cS To^nn ]3i . n^i ns^nn ncS 



^£ cnjric "iiD ^e D^3nD im ms"? n*?*?K noni p^Jin*? ('-i^d> dkSd) .k 

S«p ddS nrn e^inn 
trinn nniK "n3-?:i D^nyit: incs nsre^ Sk ineni^ po^j^D nvp nan 

icy "ijcc snpnS iS^ve^ ns jd^: »in3 cmyts^ "T'vp h^2 dki 
srin^ cmj^tr] Tvp *?r3 kS dki . hiit'dd nwr^ nDsn ^c^ npstr ^^n3 
i:3cc pmpctr D^TiJ^tt^] Tvp Se^s^e^ hd p^:S (\,.e^in jnaye [p^j 
lD''tr-?n ^Jtr D'^rinnc'i . nisiyjc n:^n S^i nDsn [^c ny:itr] iin:! hoy] 
anyiD ''trin onr .fm^ e^iTn oy ne^n trin tt^xii p^: trin e^«n 
"•^ nyic ^2 .anyicS ni^ nts^y icwtr .kid: onyiD n:pn^ m^ 



n?2K?3n '3 in!D^ '2irn bjijo oa . iiaarj? nc^ nm en iwrm . i^o'iao Hin (SipSn DHoni) 
nr »3 mvrnn nsinp ifion cb' nn lar hS o 'tj^i . (nSip nonio ^t) nian s)1D3 uxoi ntn 

.niaron 'o Mini? DDi^con man sjwa rwi 
l^^jiiS^nao^Js jTB^nncDSTiiDHnya'S Miarun niana Dypn D'cin nrn lOHon (- 

.(ni5?na 26-7 Ticj? ,1844 onHjoaiaiy) 
, ncD n 3 » n n a : (nSip nonna »b) »2iyn f)Wo wpnS Saiis^ ^iSj irnair (' 
niS^irra ;n ti . 'injrn bjuq mnnDiin Saa whxoj p»« hSkh niSon . »man mS (* 

.nnnvoi man 
.nan nj? lac^n iB^na p!>ja nan hSi .io»y nc^ nan en nS»ni ]«ao (^ 
. 1 » n H S sr n K niSon «]»Din ]ai ♦ nam Diinono ncoin w^n m n a S i nSon ('^ 
an^K nS Sip^ hSi nuan sjSna' inniSn )m «nn rmaSHa DWiSn noni :aina ^anyn bjM^ 

♦ 'infiSna nS 
. {>fe 1989) nuBf nc»DH nci ^"ao (' 
• notA nwi • <a» »nn win fiv : ma n»WnS ^nar ^S^h (** 
, l^j^ia BBfa innw D'nani »inopipn fi:i nvn nma (» 






(nSr niVD TBD3 ]'»D^33 "IDKD 

.rorn id ipa niK idd (^idk .ror mp ipa iwdi idiki .inStt^ 
niKi npM onwrni nDwi . Kin ttfor nnnr k^ -ipa iiKn» no^o 
,Tm newr .rem ni?^» nyi oSiyn iijor p («^^f?^^ .id*?! ddS 
«in n^r ip3 rr^^Dn nr • ■T»pn ^y nerBi o^Drn »orn nirs ipaa 

.ror nnnr nya nps n^S^n idw 

n^rKia •T'DBfi "t hnp ipi) 

■iDwr . nnrn niSy xin ]Wki nps . ne^ ki:i dv^ u (* u'np'i^ nrSts^ 
KDni ":nrn ni'?p3 mnSr^i ipai np n^^Sn Sa n^ iS'jyn^i nnw lyn^i 
ntsKi ipan ly n^^Sn ^3 idk •"ipDS n^jn« op^i 'ii ips n^^sh nrnHn 
• ^:rn fTOB^ «vii •ints^n mSy «in jwki -ip^r nD^je .nnrn mSp3 
ip3 KVi ""^tt^ npDts^ niD^S .ipaD n>:nK op^i 1DK1 .iwn "ly ncK^ 
. rctt^n nnnr ny Kin "^^^b^ ips . inSe^ D^tt^jwii iik np^n -id«i . niK 
. n^yn Sy nee^si rorn m?D ipsa n\Ti icKje^ 



irinn B^np nn^n n'aann n« mau n^anj^ nwa iibo anair 'mp nana nin^ (' 
niano ouwin*? piata »nofinn j'^iS ^San iudd n^anr idkoi • (^& 317) n»3w hcdk ♦^a 
DiOHi . (myna 169 nioW niwm rur npinn j^noa tsa nwni . (n'arpi n'arp -na)7) 'n 
mS p nnn ^njjwin wna hvi (169—173 n^y) D^Aa ear ^niianir niinn trn^fio pSnn 
• miir nuDinS »mj?na nwA nin .'ODipSM Sh'jtS dm ^a po'ia^ 

nMSDi a^mo imnv hmus ha t^nnan nut Saa Mson 'bo nni mn ntsMon ^a f)M (« 

• n^iron 'bo lONon iw 






n m& K 1 n c D 1 n 






4* 



K^r:n pyS niton ifiDO 



172 



mnyi nw^ ^^yn 



'layn tsuinn 
nittfy in n^M i3niK D^anc^w . (p 
(^ni»p np^i rys Sv« lowr . Oo^^pt 
(y'»vn) 1-TD rysi .^pn ^^pro o^riK 
3inDi .('i^ttfiBr 10D p n^3D nil 
DV^ mienn Syi (*n^w:in hv ^hw 
nKn vnyiS ]n:i ^hy^ r^« ^Sr nan '^a 
7D D^p^ ncK (njn) .Smr^a rniynn 
nhn r^l^ynn n«n idk nh ^hw\ idt 
nKn anai ^i^Din dSw .iS n n\n 
^72 7wv\tf no Sar ^ynvlS mvnn 
^s '^y) minn p inw nry n? nana 
mm «M miyn ^d •(minn p 
^D ^3 pS .(^miyn*?! niinS lOKjr 
nan Dy fi'^Sner w nan*? nan naior 
Kin nan uy »^k ntt^iyr j^^p Sdi 
. onp ^jsa nanS i*? C I'^^'J ^^^^ n'?'>«^ 
"iirnb iSav kSi nrD nr D"»jp on nm 
*?yi n*?i«in ^y idk ^3 .mpna »••« 
iSy: ttf^K ei'?^ ia-i f?3 D^p*? mionn 
.SK-it8^"'a miynn nm inyi*? ]nii 
"•3 IpninS ia-i Sa u^ph loio pnpn 
. Syjn DQ'^h^ HTi nan '^D Dvp 






rya ^a:> 'nan K3n n-'aa {ranio D^:pr 
ryai n^yn "•jpto D^r^K mry np-n 
o\n [^3] n'^n'jD mon [Kin] Kin n^aa 
f?yi nSiKJin 'jy n^33 ynDi (k pBfnfii 
iSy3 te^^K ejSr 131 'jD D^pS mionn 
KtDK . 'jynv^a nmynn nKn mjn^ p^i 
miynn nKn kidk nh ^ki nan Ss o^pf? 
nKn ^m '•fio k'j^k n^S '^3d mn 
Kna rya n^ayn Sai ^y^1K'? nnynn 
KnniK miym lyf KnniK p KnSo 
'jD IdSti . miynf?i mm^ 'n^i kvi 
^Tia ej^Snoi IK n^nnnf? ^td \*:mi 
nna »rK T»ayn Kr^y Ss ik nnan 
nnan*? n^S (:» 3^n^^ n^JDo cj^r nnnn 
ivD k'^i mn p *wp ^Dnni ony ^op 
n'?iKxn hy kok Kpi nnana in jmn 
r^K Bi*?r lan Sd D«pS mionn *?yi 
f?Knr^3 miynn nmi nyi'? jnoi iSyj 

DVpT nyniK^ 131 f?3 DV^ H0K1 
.Kin ^30D eiWon 131 






.'a 'T nn (- .(113 nwp 






i. 



;. ^* 



-^^*^ 



•^i 



■'>/' 






171 



K^ipjn 



]^y^ 



mvDn iDDD 



mnyi cwz *:n 



. (^:tcf,i) nSy^D nK'^^inS mc^n i':' w^r 
nh niDK (^.:rn) nH'3 nni« ic^iic dki 

HDi^rr bm m\ n n n p iM , nnnpS 

nniK t£^"i^t2 (nO nS]?3 ehi . (ni) n^^m 

*?3i • n*?r orn bn :iwb nb iid« 

n^by r^ pn .(^'•dt jkd *iDib Ssm 
HM^r yi' K*? D» nniK KirJB^ KI^^Kn 

OKI .Di^a (E?Jiyi pp) v^p pK «^n 

(: bnn 't ib» n? in«0 .sj 

iDK^r , CD^ nynr rjs^ pSnr pi n^n 
or iD«Ji {* vjsD npiM n£ 
K^n fnv3D3 pi^ pi^ n^a»i 
pT pi^ miK no , D^D^ nj^sttf D^^n 
nynm hd^^d nDn^ nt^ idkjw n''j*3n 
n3nTf iBsr tjm npT nr pik d^d^ 
•I r r ^ HD 1DK1 , D^fi^ nj^ntt? hd^'id 
p*?3n'7 Hin "|n^ *:3 ^pmn*? b ^ 3 p t n 
n'3 Sr) D^jpin djii«d (d^33 nrn^) 



aina' pj?i , hSj^dS »nn»yn i^io ms^D w'mi 
, 'na D)?ei 'ita cpc hrh n*70 



.'r n"3 DP (« , '*i T3 fir (^ 



^ o 1 K n «i v:j n 

Km ID nr*« nnSc^i insS (i««nn 
n^*? n^Ki KD^K «^ ^D Ki'^nw n^izb 

r\b rnjits ^K^ ni3JD npis«S Kiiir- 
nHDp niD:^ iinD*? nS i^dk nisJ 
nn*?r irK prKin nbv2 ^dv k'^ M3i 
^K HDri Knn '^^n =]k .nnnpb 2W^ 

Kia^lS K3TrK1 K*?fK1 n02^ KpDtC* 

npisK^ Hmtri i^ n^K nb K:ir 
Ki^CH niij nb e^n^n ^ki ni35D" 
I i «r':jn ''^ pae^ Sdt , nos"* ^djS iihdS 
|Ho id^dS 7\b ii'» kS KHi KvSn nh 
K^^Mi nSy n'^H «rn pj^ S^k '^sd^ 
^K nsDii «iDJ k'?^« [mVD i]3i nS 
n^Sj^ n^K H^ K^n noTi yT mn kS 
IV n^Vy n^» nso^i pi^ nin ^»*i n^n 
HB^jy^ igfK Sdo nnK by 'nsi K:n 
,n2 ncrKS 



(i (n^*?K 'm ^Hp on) ,bj 

mnni vnnD kSi n^rDJD kjiis^tj rn: 
D^riDi ^nr ni?3SP in-'Dp pSni Kjn n^5 
pT n^DKi D/in 3^iDT V3D3 npm «3n 
HD D^n^ nj^3«? D^Dn }<bn n^jsn pi^ 
KDn^ DJini n'^iBs pi^ pi^ kmh 
V3S3 npi^ Kin «i» ^DV ni?3ttf (n kd^Sd 
K0K1 •^Di^ nvaef n^'b^ KDny kdhi 
p*?n 101 ijn>KS D^jpfn ^ryS kdh 
nitt^yi .^oi'^Dn^K ^nY^ k^i o^ipr 



. 67—68 iiDj' D» h 
, naoS i»33 n D » S 3 nu* c'ri (n 



♦N'^trn pj;^ ni^JDH nsDD 



nv-^.yi D^ttTD ^n 



Sd Stt^ D^pns on HDS^n ^r D'^pnnr 
D*?i« . "iD«:e^ Kin [D'»Kw^J3 nrK 
nn« DK S3« .(nr) now k*? ]^m'»^a 

Sd 1D3 ninns nec^ nniK rn:iD Km 

D^K''ViD 1JK pK e^^K^ DKr^i (nM\n) 

ne^K Cn\nn kS hb sins *d .n'jr 
n^«n (*mnn ^nr nK nSn .nnK 



.iDHon nn oainS nnj? 'S nwnj wd^ .(119 

nio^na niai nnDj^fi h»03 nnn narn (* 
n'oai . (niyi 'n ^i parnp , i*' i|n may) 
.(ivi 'B *)•! |wip t I'D "jT niavia) n 1 n n 

• pvpo mnS infill iHTin 






(n^S« 'nn f?Kp on) .m 
Kf?rK n*? D^a^DT (^^opo ^lo 

nh KDH 'nan noa^ ^3i Tin^of? nS 
HD'jni Dnn ""nDi non nr« nvin 
pmn ]^*?n*? vi^^^n nrw r^KS hdmi 
K^m f DVi "an om (^ kh nrKD nvin 



l«iii . n S S * y a 1 : jpn' tftrm (a 
^ nar nS^j^ai <a nmaio it nn^n 
. ima won o^b onar^^ "iwp^ pj^ • ■» n a S 
• 64—65 map nr U 
♦ up S'n nuns (i 



i'.t; .-f. wr; ■■. 



" > 0.4^2:^ 



n D :^ t^' n 



D^cin DS'i n''o pSn Rt»v. d. et. Juives 'nfiixn ^nyn anao ^'S V'^n nnr n? i* 

. <S:^H i«:^o: hS'iSxh non ntn opSn ckid'j epSo fpDm c'a'.p': ^ar* -jk . near ^'a '^'cy 
. Difiin nv;?Q en »Sih» 'ioo D'iap D^aipn ht^ho laS cs* c^s^in 'rr D^:ipnn c>* ne niuiK^ 



i 



K''r3n \:yh nivcn nsDc les 



c* ^ n IK; O K 2 :: p v* p k e i "i n c n -^. 2 s crnn ^iss .19 

^-»y:3n kS "iDKce^ Chth ni^:;nn ^dki myn «^rj (*]^J^ iJ'^i wnm .k 
np^Sim .trKH trinnn nyr^ nvnn np^*?in .nip^^i 'mn S^i3 ^k 
cn^'» Din^ntr . rn -ny^n nS "ic«d nnn ni«:3 jS^i . (^ mnin nr^ nmn 
nyr p:3 -ickdh nr '^'tdi .tr« nj^sn nS nox^ (*n:i: ickm ni«3n 

,('131 S'T njritr^ '^2-1 ^•^*7«^ n-nn pi) .(''r« nj^iin «S ickd nnn 
nh) p^D£:n nro «in npbinn -iid^'k^ %n^K-^ «^e^:n | : y irsn (^ csnn ""s ,2 
,('-inK Dipcc niD^Kin n^Ki winn c^nnKn D"»D3nn d«i) .(r« njrsn 

.(its^r nn nr 



. nair li Tnon in'^rK mn icd Sva ^x^a^a n;j:2 nainj? H»n nnrn mjKni . 'h pic '2 
r. -; y n cj? T*,nnn nnta mr^n nnnpn M'n ^Sim .mm ; iiStu '"22 (^ 

. 2'Hipn SxK m 1 m m 1 n mSoa c'lern ;mn . m i ;• n r: i 

. mnin npiS ^nx (' 
. (09 ni!25?) p;* nana nS^'oS n«-i (^ .^m:ij : iiSm ^"aa (* 

♦ 'a pifi ':i vir or (♦* 



♦5^;+.>S- 



c^ap^n p d: ik".:}^ atri .n*:r mrjin^ x'.r nSnn c^cip^n -|rcn 



,n^3"^y neri i^rDi^r cnscs 






■vr:. 



167 K^ttfin pyS nivon "iddo 

Pi ^3^ n-nnn n«T ^r mS^n »ki py ni idici /lai Om» mr:iD .n 
min nw ion n^Mi .'di nmof? n^wS iTiinn n«r .'idi ny'iirn 

• Snxn niD^ ^D DiK C«Dn n^n^i .nrn min nxr ion n^nsi .d^dSiwi 
i'?Danii niSin nny p^w ii« p« (^ npiv ^ya^i d^dSvi nnioi nSiy no 
yro Di . (* Dnin5»:i D^:i^^n ^:H p«i nif?in iSo^i nri nn n«Di» s)« 
npnS Sin»^ nnpf? nnw idw» man ion npinni mvin npin n«r 
.^n«:i mo^ ^d dik n-nnn n«r iowb^ no n«DiD «^n n-nnm .d^v 
m»Dn pDm man iw {^n^H^m:l nhn no dkdid r^n «f? ninDm 
Dr:ji ^r^^tt^n Dr:i Ktanrr^ «f? dki n^nDiD .(^on n^i'jn ininD "d 
1DD1 .mtt^D jnD k'?'! ms (^ifiK ^2h tt^^ «^ m^a:ii .inta^ nh T:ittfn 
ni^:in no nwDio p d:i C n'jtanni ^^ o^ott^ (* n^n o^iSni i'jk i^^onniv 

.(^"m: ^D n*?!? me^ nhv^ 
D« »^ pnoKi :i« p3i viiip ^^^^ idwi . '^D) nn« ninDO (^^ i« pi^o j 
.if?M mf?v ntt^Ki ntt^Ki t'jid «in ^r^'jB^n '^yie nwntt^ ^3sd KipoS 

• onini Dn« KDD^ inK ]n jryi^ 2^^D^ mb^d ^2Ji ion 3« p^n «in id 
yne intt^ tt^^Kntt^ idd • (dik) nm*? ^wy Kvits^ iS nonts^ Saa pi ini«i 
Kin» i^in m'ji^ ntt^wni n»«n niino nan mwi mf?inn ^^3i i^^ien 
kddSi dik Koe*? na u tt^^ ats^ioni :33tt^Dn -|d . tt^^«n mSin nx 
Vr p y Di nyn nisi: pi . pin nr in^ ^dii Sd ]:^bS^ in^^roi . Dn:i3 

. (*^ pi«n n?*? 
n*??©^ n«i . liitt^^n I : y -idkd nrn D3nn K^an nos na? -ifica) .n 



.Dsr p;?"iA SxK m"'? ^"rai .a"y «"< pjt '"sa db^ (' 
nra . 3Tn min nm a^iaSrn nnin nnr nan mnai nniah nSiv*? nmnn nxi ainai njnim 

♦ 12 nSn imna '3 men ic« : ncn '"22 ' ** • n k ' x 3 ijn"*? '"^a (* 

.nicn TCK c pn m'jjin ptai : ^yn^S '"32 ('^ 

. *: o 2 n : nei <*22 (" . m < S ri23^2 nfiT '•22 T'* 

. |:y CB^2 nm2 «'2n «in c; ^2 1 130 iicr; 'iKDpipn n2-i2 n^;*aS n«i (»" 

, inn nipaa ^ih j,m3 hS n? (*2 , ^"22 ar cr (*» 

.(72--4 r.ay) 't ;e'D n2r ':n2 nSi'a'? (•' 



«*»3n ]:y'7 nivon isdd 



liifi 



n^s: p*?i .(^irr^K*? pnm wStc^ n^njrr naj?^ mn .in^ thk cipoa 

c*^n3?rt ro« .iTJsr d^b hni^'^ *?ic^r pn^n ^i«-i2 ('*^ijri hri dh^ 

Dps pttf^^ DniH Sd p^i ,mr3 nVnn nn^n kS D^vrn vn c^^cnr 

nhzn ^ph^ n^:3pn ^^p3tr □niKns D^:w*tin ny c^e^nn ('p nypi 
p ,m*?D urD nsDiiD nSonr an d3 ntSK . Q^p':7n nr'^srS (r^^yr) 
♦ rT3« nic"i£ n^yr Sp |c n e: jr r p:pT . d ^ ^ ? u jot n a r tt? 

i22n nrn ncxr 13? ♦d^'M D^^i;n cnDvnD «inr dmk^si D"n ^^ynn 
Kinr neiv nnr idid^ o^n ^*?ya5 icys %i:i-nDr 1210 d^k^3 Kinr 
:32-nD Kintr c^wSs 1:3 Sr cn:;i^ -^ich hh^n'^ ♦ 'w tn«£^sn n:»iifi3 



.m 



*t:^ 



, c '^ n ^ K n c tD "^tDn ''li^'^'W'^ 1 n 'f ks* j2 n tz; D crnn ^^fK .is 

, nr'iij minn d^3£i« ne^n -f) ^hm nny rmn hd C c^dk^ oipi) 
-tciK '?KjrDtr' '1 .p i^Ki c''i£3iK mtry ^hz*^ hgk nnSnn ^Sp3 
py m ncH pi .('i3i -iDini SpD ntt^n: nninn mm me^y whw2 
•1J13 ns IK ^3^ n3. mny ^^jidh nowtt^ ncD (^^hdk piKn nie* Vr 
n2n (pr ^3) c^*3 n*?p K^ni miCK nin na d«i -idni , n^n m idki 

. C nmD miDn ^nr K^nc? nexy 



, Di3'n ^rn M-im anp a^paz a^sjrv en qh pi ''s (2'S jo»d dst nS^^aS > 
» (155 110I? , r'tn p^ iiriyn 'o '^y^ nsis hS^^dS hmi (' 

* 'ji ii»7 t'^ tp /** pic fi S 1 fi n 5 B H 3^3 eann nD*?rnc,> ansa ^kSs pia dp (* 
«'^ p^) invn 'DO c^\p^s nSytsS nni^ . (5—6 l^oy) nSi^o'? py 'lai on 1'* 

»(154 11 oy 
f mitpi'ci) ♦ 'a nay '' «|n (J^ 746) nca niiri«n nc^DKS ^'3 o ^ n 'j x n ca a icen (' 
inoipna^ , 432 imv 'n pSn fonJi *'^>« tn^*? ^"soi * (niirtn n p n y n : iS Hip tno^sri 2 
rii spin ^3 , pn* nsi'S 'n *?« , p y 21 icoti ; i2ncn itt«^ (s'^j? 'a ^i »*3a; m icdS 
'd2 riaiE nuis pi • pvS m:fan ied isw ^^a^2 im *3 hru nmi , na?^ e)iir ™ni . ntra 
, ^ n K n nfii '''33 (/" . 1 72 iio;v^ nSro^ ^mtsnc toc nar 
(99—100 nay ^"s ]a^D nSyaS nm) i:*icSB^ ]ij? '^r nmjrn 'oa ctpSns f' 

. ntn Dipan hsoi 



lii 



»o 



K'tpjn 



n'^ven isjcn 



jHvi np2 nts^ne* ncs< ne^K D^x^K-ine en nmn minn . mSii:i n^Tin 
fSim inst^n oipc^ c^trip d^Ssik rn n^an jarar ncKi .ni*?:^ 

r^K 2»^K 1DX :jin3n ^r .n:i3 tr^K n*n*r prKin *(-t:mt2tn 'Hznz 
♦ (^'iji tantr^ irw cDins in njn ]dt '^k^ik?^ ^j^q 

^Hy nh ntn 'pbn umn ,nDn fjun V^3 Sj? innn hh22 n*72:K» 
•.3 DiifDntr DnS:33:2 yr^T nm^ eye sin^:: dkyd^ hd ii;\nD:T ,n':':j3 
^£S n:m . c)un ]d p'^n 13 Dytsne? DnSaje KK^^r^m d^di , F]ijn SS3 
,Cn*?:]i «npn k^ nDn^riD ^^^e mx niD^ dk cnyi 
no nKDia j-'Kr iinn chd .ni^jn nan nwDisn pSnj ('c^nnnn d3Dk 
on n*?**! ,ni i^n^ k^ mSiai nisn isk ^on K^n imncK;^ ^jsn ♦ni^33 
1E1K3 iinnD n'»S Kv^ irK nbn hddS '^'dij kSs* nD«i » (7 a "^ ^ : j y n 
iTOJ irwr nrn imna*? ;£ik nn'^ ^2U kS nc mnt^ kse:^ Dm . ns 
hx} nh ni ^e?^ * d^ksi: i^Kst? ik»: o^Koe -iKt£*5 itrn^ s'D3 no ^eciD 
i^Dnn ^^^n smrnr liKvn irtDi .is^ipn nsc^ ny:j'?^ wnp^i ^Ssnn^ 
. C DviK pi -|^^K iSSsnni 3iriDi . anS^enni oriDSi^ 2in3D n'ihn 
. nnp3 rpnn iD^psr c^Kipn ^ddh on (nviyn i^^jrn) n'wn (^ nnnm 
.mcipD nDD2 nviyn yjy^ 



rpnn 



rnyn ijymn ain^nr i-jdki 



nnn , , iDim *7p s^pna nr uyrn nnn iid« t^dh kS n^rn^nr 'kh 
73K "HM nny ifi« 2%i:jnt£^ *2 *nDvy nnn pe? ho nnn ns ickc? 
iDH p d: ]3 iRKi ,DHn ^uH iiDK i:vT mr ni?3 rpnoi .nS^n k^ 

,(**'nriya r^pn*?spo n^^m dkh ninK 
iiDK mn nrKtsf nnD2?D2 mip oynm ,nnSE?GnK n!P« MMi^^norni 
^2 • n\n:3n ycra yir i^b'^ d^ddt . nn^ d^hk nr^ ''d 3inr5 . nny 

o^aiipn :7\2Vi ^bj nn£5i£^D '^nn pnr n^nnn by pdid i!ir^ nyDtt^ *pDJ 
ma^r^i inipD ^sri onr h^ o ,inK DipD3 in^ Dmi o^srv nvn^ 



.r 



,1^ 



•m. 



,(4 iio;?} n^ifD^ nn^pa py nai pjiai » pj? nyi *<^n n«?r ynu »i«Dpipn *i3"ro (' 

*{57 iiiay) n*:j?oS pf nan n«i (' . '« nay >'d eji ,y* pic di^ (* 

.'^ nop ';^ *ii /k pie e^Ki mnai hhdid ar (^ 

,(59—60 i^D5?i py nai nSyaS rwi (» 

, 'M 110 J? 1*1? e^l , Ci*' pID cr (• 

»(1S0 nay) n'^yo^ nm .losfj? py nyi nn^n nm ^5 yii ^juDpipn mi:?D (' 

.(a'3 p^D} py p 'Da o^aipSa nSyn^ n«i (• 
♦ 'n nay n*t *]t /i pic n^ni*n no ar (• 
. nottf 'niym (1*3 lo^) laao o^aipSa nhjtnh nni . py p 'Da isnon npS nt (*'* 
'fia lySai (pv p 'DO p oj mpVn) awn *Vy3 nyi 11*133 'n pics nooS isnon htn qai 

,pj? njna D^aic no3 nniin 
t M iiay A"* «}i , 'n pic D»r3 na dv (** 



8* ^ tt? : n 



niYDn nsDD 



Ifil 



-1221 .isn^n in':^^: i-^nic n^Ki) .(*''*?v ^mD^nNine nj n:n3 »S 

,(in2i S^ s''DDnn in2?n 
n2i Drs: Sy iSip^ iD^^p i6r»2i mcK n^;c2 mnssr nsn (^d3Dk 
r^ ]D DV o^3?3tE^ nnh i^^^nr dhd . p^nj D^D^nn Dnpi;n nioivn 

2in22 n^^ij ni^*2 *?Hitr^ rn tki * a^cn n^K n^r '2110 2n2T n'\^un 
Di^fi an^n^^ Sn:j ^2H tjc imi "[Sen nni i2*k njnci nnc Sd'! 
.(DTznn n^2iD njnn nKt ^rp i^^t^n 1231) ,(*i£cci ^221 
DHDi .'121 Dnsn ms2 nin ^'y ne ^^srKin dvs 02*? (-'cnnpS 2in2 
nnK ^2 . n2Dn iT^ry 112^2 ick: (D2S DnnpSi) iong.t nw *»-idk 
]2'? . 2in22 niYi2 K2n K^r irsw 'K n2Dn n^^ry 2in2n piDDD yn^r 
iDKJtEi* HDD Dnn2nS yrc •JK^2n') .HiT^tt^y 2rn -n23;2 idkch nj n'^n'^ 
rrscn n^tt^jm* ynin *«irytp hkt n? ^uSi . 211122 iii2D n'l^v^ n^rv^ 
nr r^K unb inp^i DyD2 dd^ onnp^i iDKor nDKi , niin2 2in2 

.Ciii2K n'2h 
2in22 o%nr pr nnn snni /i2f D^e2nn ipSn3 rniSsnn iEce2 
^jec p2in Kim) ,('2iy'? ]2i 'n"? ^'jn^i nmnS ip22 ip22 iicr^i 

»(TDnn %ny onr 
npi K^n nnKn nyin ,mn rSr*? np'"SDn pj;2 ipSnj ny Ci^'^n^n 
Si2rr i^Kr ^jsc .np'^bi:: kSk S*?2 ^11^2 riD^nr yn^ io«r py y'*2n 
« pjiyn np''SD2 e^ipDn jd ;nn n^y^n? ns ]^2i . trtpn'? nry^r no p 
HK tsnn UKYDjr ^JSD ':ji22 nn) , (*^ rsip Sidd irKi hk p'?Qi 2in2i 
o'Kip^ vna? |iy n^oSne^ idk nyir^ 1^21 D2nni .'121 iis^n 
» {D1JJ2 onDiy 2in2n ^Die^ett^ Dn^Hi2 nyin nH?D i2ttt d ^ ^ : j y 
|G inpSi »vniii3K V2KD1 ^Kw nm2 ntP2 ciipntp) (^* hek dhci 
nnS nrsHn jd mn o»tP ^"3 n S irsi idki) . {^^ n^m ^321 omnn 

, (DT2tD 2iii2n mn D'':!:'^D 
^nr^ 71^2 ipSm □^Q2mtp yi ,«^ dk DipD ^22 i2inr^(**inn ts^* dk 



.n 



•D 



*H' 






. ^n'nnn 



, 'M niay T'o f]i , 'K pie iTK'i ni2en an cr (* 

, innK D^H2m*>j«DpipnD b***3iq h^m pp nan (• 

, 'n i\D5? n'3 1^1 , '3 pnc n^cn i^ai? or (» 

,(144 itoj? '-] iD^D) ^nm (137 i^op *h p^c) nritr^ ^313 nH'tsS nn*) 0"" 
.py nVT M^n nm^ (154 110^*1 hSj^d': n«i (^^ , *3 iioy j*d tji /t pu d» (^^ 

• 'M iioy n*D*]n ^jj"* pnfi or (" 



163 K^tt^in \:yb mvon id.dd 



. C ninyi mD«3 n«n ntt^«tt^ nn« nnfitt^D '•n^ on if?« • (* D^n« n»^ '•3 •n^ 



1 H ^ ^ icr n c n : D is nivi^ p i n ^ ^ k CDnn ^kk .17 
nw ^KviD*? ^^DD (nstt^a n^'^on) nitt^yn^ id« (*]iy '^m «^tt^im ,« 

hy n*iv vnnn d:d« .am: Dipo ^y oyani .laye ^^y nv D.Tir» 

n^K DiD« nD« D^sS« ny «^ntt^ novya men n«? ^^y niv loipci 
nts^i «*? >-inn ^1^ '^ni Drnn d3D«) .(''d^i: n2in:3 ts^^ ^d vnts^n nnn 

.('131 onDT^n D'^DDnn noxc vrya 
DHi nmn minn .ni^n: nnin ^ntt^S p'^m D^«"ipn ^Mn Cim f\^n j 
• nyitr'' ir:3i in ly v-jn« DOtro^ni ]:y ir^i D3nn2 •D^3itr«-in 
ny ^3tt^ i-iDKi .nyan «*: -iD«De (n:3tr:3) npHnn -iiD«tr DnD^« vn 
nnw nsDitt^ iin nr Syi .i«^:3 on^iy li^ i'^xd n:3tr3 np'?'n tt^«ntt^ 

.0^1 p 
. ("121 '^itann -i^ne r^^)) . (^-"^ mvD i^Dxn T\y2 



. (i"3 10*0) pr ]A 'Dia D^BipSa n^vo*? n«i ('■* 

(K"a H a ^ D nnpin) iSienacH ^n^S« p aSa n^nn n' Si* icon nhm^ <* 

. 'a nior I'a «1T / 'n pnc nar i^aj? (n'^pn ii'ttu) in'S« mn« 'd (* 

. ;:76— 7 no^ nSjroS) 'ai 'a p'D nS'ta 'ana ]3V nm hk-i (* 

.08' ^nijm nmi .'iSn n^S nixon 'do vian ihb' >3 nmi hto (' 

, Itronn a; mv i»h3^ , 'iSn 'iSS nixon 'do npS nt da f* 

.(69 n^oy) nSroS p:? nan nnn (^"^ .'a Toy «"S sjt ,t"^ pifi fir e* 

^riH^ina nKi; . 'andpipn apr oann ^n^oSni pr Sy ji'B^n laa nrit^' D'l^P (" 

. 'n may o'S «]n , "1 p^ic ni^on an or (»* . (319 inoj? 
'; ions) nSn n'rS m»on 'doi (129 n^oy) >3HDp*ipno D'oipSa nSyoS nni (" 

. S"3n t)Ti p^ifii or (»* .(133 iioy 
nK py Bfipn ^3 jni ^anopipn nnyo pn . nS« py nan ana^ hid^h ymi hS (" 

.(nooS ^^DD^ pn;a nun) noeS n»on 



K^»in pyS nivon iddo 162 



Dnf?^o nnvi» nny^ ^d n^i» Skib^^ >i:i nK f?io :ii»i y»in^ n^ *?? 

n«i3 li^Ki) . (• p*? in«^:iS niiDvS f?iD^» o^DDn nvpD iidk C I'^inoSi ,2^ 

X^^ 13101 ^nD^« niDi h^b^ki id«» luya d^b^ibd »^ . C h^^n xf? jf? 
nrn -lOKonv wtbi .n:i f?tt^an «f? idkd^ oyo nnf? iSnnvn noivn 
:hr\^ -I1D3 n^tt^Ki im»y^ nen h^:h nhttf Djrom .noivn pn p ni 

• ('iDi pDi ir« nn) •(•('^ ,o 
j;": py ir^i njn^ onc^np:! n»yn (^^p^f?D^» d« (D^DDnn) le'^nnii n^ 

. ("iqi eivn no^ntt^. liKVD nm) . (^^ np^^on «^k ejiy Sd Sdk^ k^b^ 
.(I'^vmifiK SoKDi nm^iD^DH ejKiv inen eiwn» ]:y ir:iiOiiD«Di 1-6 

. Cot nit:tt^:3 o^pfiiDD wiK ohm^ • nf?:ipn ^Sw n:in:i kvvd n? d:i) 
.(i-Vn^is^ in^:iiDt8^ D^itt^ tm^ n idwi) .(^*i5n n'ju^in •O^neoni .if? 
-iB^N ^Sdd .ntt^y:i i^h id« «^i Dn:i nD«f?D na^r (^^iitki iiokdi .t^ 
nxDDn n^n «^ ^3 .oSii invn^ k^i .hkdid 'jip^ ^^d ott^n ]pn:» 



DvS aa^nnis D^anyn pa ^3 ".nn nyo avia d»i . (77 tid;^) nSyo^ p;? nan nm (* 

. nan Di^i -orn 
, iS iS nrifc (T'ann ^iStu) n m n in a mpan lanon Sr mmn im^ca (• 

.'a niQV r'D ffi 
HHi . rinS 'yoB^a nvnS nan^ nan nS^o» py nyno nH?n njnn mS^ ^^h (• 

. ('n |o« 80 iioy) nSyoS vnan 

.(151 n^oy) nSyoS nm C* •'« may o'y r|n , D'oftWD nm© or (' 

. 'ai '« ntoy 'n *)n ^ Kipn nvnc or (" 

. (nanon W py p ntD ^aipbo t^o p«) nSyoS nin (»* 

• '« nioy n"a *p , ^ansa^ nsne db^ (" 

. 'a may n"a sjn , d» db' <»* • (py ii 'd *BipSo a"' p*D) nSyoS nun T" 

. 1 154—5 nvsy ,y''i 'n p«) mviS nr^n 'bo e^o^pSa nSyoS nm (** 

Knoan nai rnc^ ]a »a a'd ]»SinS irnus my nmn .loipDa ^m »n^B p (" 

. nifia mine^ 

• 'H llOy !*a »)T , DW DW (** 

p 'D 'oipSo H''3 ]on3a) n-jyo^ ^a hSbSi , (ftl,58 iioy) nSyoS |>y 'lan nm (" 

• Bv vvm xinDii ia im nn'un ^eai , m Sy nanon pSn Crv 



.V 



J ■ - 

■ , . -I. 



161 N*tr:n \:vh mvcn ifiDc 



.iDim hp trpn*? Tj;n^ DipD i:h m:n airiDn n^m .(^inn iDim ^^p 
1DK1 .^D« ninN nr\v "icni "i^:3« ninN nny -id« inN Dipc:3 p d:i 

• C'-iitr mo^ Tyn^ 

. C msin-iD oys {^in:3 ops n:ir:3 -icnm . jiDin ^-n^ je ;>in 

• nm D^nN •)2tr"» ^2 -iDi^r p^D .("nnstrD n« ^intr c^e^nn pDC 
. p«n nSn: xintr nSn:^ aitr^ Nintr in^n: hy nen otr c^pnS -id^^i) 

• C-ir tr^«*? Djrc no 

HTi mvon "'sra miDi .-nina ]"'Cnd nn'^e nrnS ^nv (\i^^en ntrijr .t:: 

nt:«tr ly .Sk-ib^'' idik '?ie'? 7"iv ^:3K hS'^d Sxitr^ i:^Kn n'?''D ]^« 
ddS^c nriM nh u^y^n imb^ ^:£D k^n .i^d -132 -i^ncn -in '♦tt^:« ^2 

• C^ye^i.T cniN *7t: p ^yi .me^D 
2in ^3 -iDN y^ pj; '-I DDnn ,n'?^en la ne^yn "itr« (^*^^^d3 iiann ,t:2 
"ibni) .O^Q^^-i ptr*? cniv ni2-in iDN^tt^ Ti^ya onsccD nh'^i^n ne^pntr 
D^2i jw*? "iDN K^K .pniv ni^i n-'H (^* nvjr hy mior n^e nn'-n 

.(□yn DN S'D*? D"'3") D^S2 Vn "D '?12D"''I 

"iCNitr "i^Tcn "in "113^2 ivnS^tr ly .('121 d^ni: cnn2-f pN (^'pD«D 



. ^v^^ra*? D'n'JK naa icdo nooS p:? nm nni (* 
^Sj?a nana cr no^S ^a T;»nS nmi .ms^ hita kSi vpn ik la^xa na n^n^ ht i-^ 

. ]ivS n^Dn^n-an n^cic noa pec ^Sa iHva' lanan Sxk aiann 

. 99 nia;*; nSro*? ]3V nan Dn (* . 'i nioy n^Sp •ii .'t pic cr (•* 

. 'a Tioj; c'op r,-i , i'"» piD a^s^3 -no or '. '^ 

,i'10()--8 niayi nSyoS pr nan nnn ("• 

tt":p s;n . 'S pnc nanf:n nan mjr n«ni , 'V'h n'S p^; ca? py nan n«n <"' 

. 'a mar «"Dp rn /a pnc nS^a p:j? ntr (^ . '51 'a nior 
.nanon nan ('n ma;*,- ar naaSi .(78 mo;*) nSroS ]:>* nan nnn r 
. >iKDpnpS nHn:n »ca inr.3i . 'a n-.a;* ^^Dp t)n atr P' 
l^ia: nSr H^n inyn nanan nn pvS »a s|K (83—4 ni:!>*) nSvaS p>* nan nKn ('^ 

. (81 niBV; 'a |B*D Btr nSyaS nnn , on^aa 
. 'a n'iav a'Dp f\i , 'n ^^t wff ('- 
.('a"' ]a»D 83 may) nS:?oS pr nan nun (*^ 
. 'n n'ttj* a'Dp «)n /n pnc or (" . (oni^) un ncooa nSan nn^n i'tk S'n (" 

.('n nio;^ o^s t)n) in^Sii mnKa nnn (*• 
• (83—4 may) i'^^ a*^ |o* nSyoS pjr nana nnni • ^aiiDpnpn S»h p>' ntra naio m (" 
11 



«>tPini:p*?iT!Vcr:iscD 160 

•iB^x b^2:i^ t.n:3 uni hsnSd nts^r it8^« "io«e n«3tr ('d^b^isd tt^^i .«d 

cn^-isn ^:; N*? D^^D Dnr Tipa r^eie sinsn unh n«-):tr iwn .cn^ 

.(-D^*r2 itrrc? DT.p 
p pn (^nvnn i:w .dinh tre: '^d^ na2 yr.:n ('ciKn ^5^ icin .2d 
".2 nrrjr] h2 idd imeitr ^:e52 ('t: |j5^ m ^Sya ncN itrio ::itrn 
.nr.irn ;r: \'^n Cniiv:3 '^^Dic «intr nav nr«Se 
|%xr cncix CHD .nen nt<c:22 c^p^rn ntrStrS npi^n ("c^CDnn myi ,:d 

"•y^is'n Dvr 'tr^^trn ova xcnn^ nS dni -iCNtr icr . men -)e«3 n^i*?n 

nNr nn^ni -idnjit men N'^n npnni .."ninn npn dn? r.DW ainrn 
^2 c-t« n-nnn nxr -)e«:r non nKDC nm minn': .c*?".:; npn^ ddS 

Nin -;!:«^. nD:3 jr;i:n -icn ]2 nnKi "121 "ii*?i ^N-itr^ ':2h nn\T -iD«:tr 
n^iS"! n-iinnr hhzc .nT.nn p nn«i npinn in2 n*?nn2r ,«Dnn^ 
onciN "iij;'! . nnK n''N-i dn? . minn iiDntr iin npnn tricn ^di npn^ 
"T Sj; nyitpn ^'::i nn'^nv:^ nnxi .d^c^ nynts^ nen nNcets^ yn^n 
nir^n -i2-f Kir^i ,^12: nNCt:*? j^n men -)fi« ]^Ktr pr2 mer: -)S« 

.NC't: r^« je i*?£^tr d^^i^i crNi mDn:3 n-'Sjin cnitt^p^ i:nj« D^2^*ntp 
nrf-.Tuir -:ec ,n:ee rnn^ ^:h pxtr s^iTn*" ^1^:1:3 nn^^n .Tnn d«i 
. nxDc:n ':ec (" ano -iKtr: . nien -ib«2 n*?iD^ 1:^ ]^ni men -i£K3 n^i'^n 
-itrsN "N nxDcn ^:£e cnc -)«rJtr") ,e?"»pn nec^ nKnpni n*?£nn ]i:d 
Dn'^SerT cnzSm \-i'i« onNipi "ickb^ ids . niS:2 n^renn 2^-n smDntr 

Dxr .r''.S;n nc nNDc n^nn «Sb^ jni: pni .nNcas irjr^tr itrfi« 
c*:e ^3 hy ^:njNi .nxcDS r,''.r;'n*? N*?tr n:iDn m*?:^ n'^tryn'? o^S'-^n 
. itrex "N nr\ St:2 i:nn ^n^ n:cc ^^v^n*? *?2i: k*?! n«et2:3 ns^: d« 

• m*?;2 nsn nt^c:2 ]^Nr poKn*? '•wi jd h:; 
rpnn -c-'^p -irx o-Nipn ^DDn on (^xitr^ ^C2nc) "':trn (^*'p*?nn djd« .id 
ncK2 .nsvjr nsn -ic« n*? Din^nB^ '•:se .DinDn ivc •nty:*! nv-i:^^ 
n-:ic« n2n ns cni. .ncYi; nsn tdm nH -|nn n? i« y2 na nii:; 



. 'J tiaj; n^ap s|i , 't pnc nan niioits ;':;* uv (^ 

, '31 'H mojr T'Sp ejT , I'l pic DB* (' 

.»Dnm ^i^rn n*?i 'iHcpnpn nans nSytaS nun C 
. 'H -iwy ^'p •ji /a pnfi nin;? ;ur D8^ (*" .nno 3?iOi ^'"^ (• 



159 N''tr:n py^ iT.Ycn nsct: 

• n'jDxS HM^ DD*? ^n H^n -itt^K tTDi *?2 n: n^ Sy iD«ii .I'ri^n i»k 
"im«n:i ^y mio inrn Si3d^ • tr^sie ^ntr ^n no^a ain^n pvi» ©"jki 

.(-n^inn.TiD« n\T p d«i .n^n nvn o p:iD inprn f?pi 

nnKn nynn , ts^ipea ^D«^tr ^lya myi tr^tr*? (■■ D^xipn ^c^n ipSn^ .ro 
pi tt^npoa ntryntr no pn ^nan pK "d C*-idik jr": ]:jr 'i nj;n HT^ 

• '1D1 nisvn nN lantPi "idin airiDn K^^m) . (' np'hD2 «in tripcn p •fin 
btt^ jr": py '-I n^a*?n :3inr2 -ipj; ir iiyn*? h"^. n?S n^n n't ^t8^«^^ 

.(na^ntrn hti 

ntt^«^ ^i«i pK ne^si .("i^i o^o^nn nvp ne?Nn r\H d: cn'-ts^DDr 
. (" tr^« ctr p« DK 3-1 i-iiv -^.nN p-i nNrn nDK*?Dn *?« nnip*? 
py ir:3") DDnn nyi .n'?2: 3^2 c^DDnn myi p^h^ it<2h (^''liS jm ,n* 

»Tfii ..-1^:3: Kipn N^n D^^nn ikv'^'i D^^nn p:22 Nintr no o .nS^: 
p phn cr\h2:^ N'r'):n Sy ir-i^si .cStr ^ii: ttip nnS^:^ yai:n hy 
Kip^ «*? IT nir CK ^^:n "2 icxr no y: 5:3; '"i -jn) .'"OM^^ncn^n 
•♦^yn in p ;"« X!2U^ «'? ^2 yr.:.-n ]':2n r.n^:::' ipy2 n*?2: ^iiin 

.("iri ptr*?n 

\(DT2?n'? -TV "^ pN'tr no )(/•"• rm-i^N '?''2KDi 

• (^'^ naic^n nx -)'t:s y": p y "ir2T . rr'.N'stinSo ppr\ dn (^^ r,c:£ d"'J2i.t .a 

. (c^'?S2: cS2 n!2«n ^£ ^ryi) 



^r^nn n«i2:: nv-i ^::;*:: ^3 pes ]\yi . n"*ip2 .Tjs nr2>*; ;:>* n2i n'?]?^':' nm :'- 

. r.vi:2n 'd3 ith d -paa ih cnmn 
. '2 T12;* i^c .IT , 'n pic zr •'•■' 

. n :: 1 H n '?''vt nxi: ■''■• . 'n T!*:;* 'i» p"? , 2"' p")S ar ('• 

. 'K -*::>' 2"v :]T ,:":: p-ic ar ■'" , i:i() :i7 lis;*; nSy^sS hhi •' 

. 'J 7 Tsay nSvsS ]:v nii n«i ■'•• 

.'■? — '2 T.2;» •j'''i c]i /2 pic nin'j". nxavj: ]<jv cr ('=' 

. ar ^-nvm r» p^a r.^va*? nm ('•* . 'h i-.a;* K''p 5]t , 'n pis aa^ ('- 

. '5 -n^V a'p :)n , '? pnc nir i '* 
air.D '.'>7,5;> ,:>0,44 ii2>*. an .'42—57 ,50— ttOr.e;*! n^^'sS ]:;* nsi nm (** 
fi;ri n: '2 nsK' /a'a ]a'D> naa'n .s^woa: ai^H aaxy dk a';nv a:\><r a^icpn pi »a 



ntj?*? rM . 'i:)i c^' nr^r i^rn ni3C2 d:;c inn , (- n2C one nit£?ynS 

*D .Kin (K1IW1 nnna o^^inan pD) cn-ra i:«vnsp (^pi^nn djcki ,d. 
pr i'j? ^'^j?! n^r '>Ss;i .Kirjr^ un^u orK nuns cn^r^r *?n: ^3ijr 

nn f)? ne ^d iidki D^Mm ipni: p hv .cnur hh nnrn^ jiy 
* C inKD iini nni , mn m^ '^n^i wver uqd » leisf fyi ri^rn ^Si:: 
, m "vjfs cn-'^rr vj p y Tj^ni nax ptr ^y 'hyy m ^Sy piSn dSini 

, (cnsn DTS21 noiS mki n^n ]3 
ie?K c^Dinn ^2 iDKr ."^m '::iy kitib* '^'WiH tiinn Cy2y2 dSki ^* 

Tcyn itTK hSki 3in:3 itrKs ni^^sn i£D izim n^^icis^Dn C;pn ini ♦m 
i'?K n'7 nn iD^r nnKi /131 nDtr m^ hd? p hy ,Tr n^ Sjr in 
'^Ssnn*? 71'! rT'ne;^ ^d h^ o^^'^i^nci nmitrc rn cm niKimm ni*:nnn 
^3 ^j-n^ ^£3 mpn jpnK^ no S2 ^2 ^nnnn rc«i hi n^i^ n:::« le^KD 
^p p ♦|ip nt^^no^ n^pn pyh p .nmini nzr ^rjj;^ pn .c^pna 

nnKi n:n^c* ciip nin^r no S25 'n'' ctrS ni^h (*''d^k S2 ^^^-rnn *3^ 
n3tn "ins"' Kin ^3 ncKn ui^p ^12*^ 71^^ v'^y ^:«^d ]2 '3 .n:n'tt* 
riK ro-^.3i nv2^y n^Ki idik hS^dkh nnK^ .c^Kinpn ^^-^dh^ p nnKi 

♦ (^^IM^it "•' 
*D^Dn ^iKir nrn2 iDnirrEs ni£ij?^] d^hk d^:d^d i:n:r (/-chd c^^i .^ 
pern kS DSi«r) .(^^D^^rm oninn p jrci inp^i rm^^K *?^3Kci 

,(inisn pon npnS u'^c'o a^'ni:n n2iS 



. p>* 3n *jKrpi-n M*2n kit;* nsi^ nn2*nn da ^ 

*;3r crs ^iXDp-ipn K'sn nt i^ *rn 'i« iiai* n*D -nii ar * 

.^^iUDpi^n *?ifM ;jy nata r.t 5J '^ , ''2 11*33? n*o ^1,1 q*^ *» 

t '« TOP H*;* sji , *H pic nVcn ;»si* sr " 

^ne'i cSnrs isca pn m»n? rtsn:* n^trn ^5 pr n*j^ nr^n MHcpipn m;* »cS (** 

D*3in D»a^i n-ins^y^i * "i T «V5n 2*%-vi:3 T'^i:: Knp^ :ii>« 2'm :iir:ii "ipsa av2 a»Qpi> 

(20 td;*) n^r^^ ntti * snnva Dmara y^p 

. '1 ivijr 2's n-t /5 pis nis^ns* ;^:;* rsr i^» 
|»3 lanon Sn^s' 'ep neo^i ,p7 n:?i h'h ity 1 1.54. 1<MS n^3?> nH*?^'^ trni nra ('^ 

. p>' r»?i "TJJ Kin nn . a»S'j:inn tk d.*; an^nan nifi15?n 



157 K^r^n py*? mYon icdd 



iw ^3 TM^y ''^^^"^ "'^^ "^"^ niyon iDipoi rnruw Ctno^icn jdk .3 
1DD if? piD Kvi i^Hh n^f?*? •)*? i^nm . ini»i ope kvi rnnn btk 
l^-iKm 1D3 SSi3 rnnn ''d .v^p^h ^nv «int8^ noi no^ii }ffimT\ n^n 
nnn «intt^ no hn ddSS niis^i i*? ts^^r men ]nai .f?pa ynnn i»« 

('iD«D -[H) /^2^Cvhy mtt^ii^w no *?« mon nKr:i nD^^f? iS d-ck 
n^i f?« iD'^afi HD^Snn -inn niie i3tt^ n^c nivi^ . i6s3 jr^ ] 3 jr i:^ni 
KV^ f?« nD«n n^in je nN^v^n njr^JDi . nitr-^ iS t^» tn^» hny a^-non 
Sy nn« n^-VB^ . c^N^nn ^hn:: mm «*? :3in3n» • n? pnr^ nvi* wSttfD 
,(n-nD« nmn nao (^jri W) ^m nnnio nmn n^e 
n«''v\n»n«i n^^hn^hy^ n^nott^ ^r npw^ irni DDnn(*nmD w«i .a 
r^ ]iy irni n:3-fDi .(:i'npn n^ hy d« *d oinna rnniD n\nn kS 
D^riv Dr«tt^ cnnn-ffi ^:k wni pi) .(®p a-mno r:in «S» hki: 

. (Tyni ivn:] ht^hnh nD pi anjr 
^KviD^ "|iDD (nitt^n n^-'fin cv ^ntt^D) Sien^ idk k^^ (*pjr ir^ni n 

• CSin:! nnifiin n^nn» ns n^tr 
D^snv (n^ntt^i nS^D«^ c^^^'^e^n) Dn:3nn i^« dm ^nwan DipD d^cki .n 
Dv:i nmi icKM iDCctr Dno c^Dsnn ^3 yn^i • nh dm -b^v dvd n^Dn 
. C on^i i«rS rhy wpn^ p2 iD«:n ^tt^»n 
3in3n n^^n «*? ••^ip onS lOKtr no "d -ie« m*^^ py (*" 13^3-1 D^nni .i 
oyD -D niM** K*? ]Di) .D^"':jrn S3«d itsyDtr (^^omjriPD dk ''d inwjrS 

. (in« yD»D 1*? tt^^ ^:ijr onS 
nifiivn nm oyir '^yi atrs: ^y lo^-'p itr«3i n^ici 3inD» (*^ no pK .? 
ny ]D^: trnn*? mry tr^r je dv D^ynr d^dvb^ mnivn nS«i .onpyn 
pn 3n3tt^ ni:itr«in nnon jo . •'ir^Stt^n trinn p n»^ri ontry dv 
vn D^CM Dni« ^Dtr "»:£c ,(^^-|sn3 Dnecn -dtid nnD» nnnn ly 



. f'2 mey H*^ s)n) i'^ pic aar (' 
. vapaS riHx'Ti noaan^ r-non n^aS naSS imo noH d»c':h moa o S*i (=* 

. ('i T.ey H*S «)nj ntr (' 
. i'H TiDjr a*S r|n) or (* 
. cn^S;,' p'rn w D'32in ryiS nis i:y B^acn dk ^ij?T h*? 'pSi main ixp lanon (* 
. miDK n*rin nanS nn^x^n inyn >c^ ca . Dncio nanta Hinr aiir T"'*" •^'^ myrnn ^o;7i 

. '"'n Toy :i"S sp) i»d pnc aar ("^ 

. '7()--7 TW; '31 '2 p'D nSna 'ina pj? nana nnn f' 

. (a'y n*S f\i) n*^ pic d» (•* 

. i. 70 Tie;?; 'a p^D nar ^ina py nyn H^n pT (" 

. ( 'ji T.Dj? i^a e|n) ':i pie nistan :in pijr oar (»** 

. innn D'Hani ^iKDpnpn pp twfa n^an m (»' 

. 'a moy T^ «)n , 'n p6 oniBan av ]^iy aar (*^ 

. innK a^Ham '^Hopnpn lotra rm? W'am (40 moj?) rhviah py nana mna nr (»' 



K^iPin ]:yb nivcn lecc 156 

TI2D 3in:S D^rn c^:3n ^d i*:^r«^ «S p 112^2 ) .(^iS^n^ nh p Sr .^ 

inpi ni:;2 ^sr.) •(^njTTCf 1D2 t^h-j .D^r: nr^m .(-(n'"' S^prn") '^Di* 

.(nmne n'^in ra^ nvi 
nj;-2tr bv TIDC3 k^i . "idi o^JDpn en n:v ^^n . C'Si^n en o'"i -nn ]D ^ 

.C^y^ n\n 'runnn ^s -iD«r ^d 
d:'. H^n ^Sa onsn ^imip iinon ^iiy ^d nD« S« inem^ (•pjr i3:3-)i .n 

.(pirn nr oii) .(■'vnns« h^zHi^ 
. C "^^n n*?i:iiin «in (oneiK tr^) ^"^ . C nc^Dnn .n 
«-)rr2 aiDDi • n^x nwyS onarin cnann mp^tt^ ntrisn (^" cpa n:m .1 
1*7 n^n^ IK ,'iDi ('^3inDD n^x r^v^;h "idi nn ^^y iK^ni inn i«v 
re^vi) iTn mD vi^ piDD . Cn n^em) nv ^'jp K-^rya larin «in -nn 

, (»-(«•" TeT)nKn ne nr pn nn .(r*' 



1 1 -^- n K n ^« my n ] n n k p c: t^'^p:*! n ^ ^ n p p^ nw crnn ^ijw .16 
• n n ") n i n d mpn nnm^ ib^itb3i ] n y p «"ipjn mven nfica 

nnnn n7^:i p .nip^Si ^ntt^ *?^id 'ny:3n «S -)D«Dtt^(^^DnDW onoi .k 
K^ •nt5«3 ^li: iDKon i^wn cn^ :3in2ntt^ .mmn nptt^n ]^:i tPKn 
pa mnvi nptra pa nttfmnn ny^i pa iD«cn nr ^Sai .^h njran 
riyn HKP . i-!jran kS idkd nnn D^Ka o'ja • i*r nDn^nii in« n«-vDn«f 

.{^^y: ]:y irai oann 



U-ii: kSc* ]:3? n2T nsS nh laSpj ar inaoS anfion ^ryai ,(145,148 i^ojr) a'Si 'o p«D 

.SsB^Ks *nn nsT d:j dm »3 m 

itr«2 .]3r B'lTe »C3 mn ^Hpm'3 piDcn nHT»n nnaan Sya nj?nS »3 nmi nto ("- 

]ot;< nS;?3S 'nxanr 'rayna 'Din nai ar inaiDS rncon u^ro ^o^ri nc da (» 

,'3 nicy 'a «)n , unpn nriD Dr (* .(14tt nio;: .n'a 
na-i^ iiiinna 'Sairt Y?d ^d Trvn 'o^ nDini »3Hopipn nana nSpoS ts^ki laa f* 

. 'K i^v ^« I'o *)n , ^s^Djr ntriD Dr r« , ^i^inn Hin ivjn »a pari ]:y 
. 2*3? T':: 5|i or r« . ('r pio) nSjrsS ^niianr injm 'De nr nph mpmn 'D3 i ' 
. nSi:i:inn nK ]3p tdk nr maya 'a lirn^ <''n jd'o nSyo^j iriyn 'd Spa nana C 

• 'H nio>' i'a «in pttsn nenc or f" 

• lora ^anDpnpn n^an irna py njri n^n it ('* 

• ^aHDpiph S»H pro nn n^nn ninainn dji (^^ 

.('rv '^"3 tp) 1 piD ,nar ppa (I'ann iiSm) p)^ t:i miaon ni»on nwa (»» 

.(69 imr; 'a p* nar ^an py 'nan «|ia nSytaS nnn ('* 



iFFTn|iy?fmDn leon 



pi ^in nhn ^:;«; h^ *:d oncix u" mSjin San ♦(''minD nev Sd 4* 

irr K^ \n'icK) *n£^ni (^picrn Swyrr'' prS^ n^jmS ^«ip^ 
jir*?2 c^in^c D^nai *.:*? r^ -^ unmn ^73; n^Kn nnr^ prV ^hv2€ np:r 
^Di) tt^'z^ »TTn ID iniK m?3: kSi nT?n "^m^n ".02 piCK lyni' *:k^t,d 

'('121 mn p «*7i ,nSn2 1^3 h^Hn nh Q'*:2-imiD«) .(^nj Srzn k"^ ,t 

., '^s-^ C n%ii^:5rK iS^rsn '-tjK:r ^Sirs nneS mTen :»Sni nSismin n^n 
(onc^K r^i) K""*! ,'131 'jinnnn-' ^:rSj^n D^33»n on .("o^m '^isn^ h^ ,ib 
151) H"! jp K^V) ,('"n*?r:2^ n^n -j^^ ^a mn ntc^K 03? SDrn kS»» 



* niinn H' ^ n z d n 
:nrit2 hn'ii&h piv i^Ki .('y o^Sn) bhM^^ prSts nnns ojfiDS .{»'^Sd^ j/t 

.('131 crrr e^^nn* nn^^nsn cipc «)*7nnn3^ 



. 8:> T'^y p"h HKii . »*32 *2 Ttaj? ys *i*i Br t* 

. nav Mil omna pn cnesn Sa cn'toK nn man pia 
no': inp in?T , { i:"' ;*^ nTe** , rt i: r * p a j? pj nncf ^n ^Kpor"* ps*^2 ^'^ (* 

, *"3i '« ni^y W9 e|i nr r . "^^in is k^ o nSjroS ii**ti nz2 {* 
*t hvz^ .IT*? p^oi *Dinat (140 itay) 't p*D v"i»**inQ D^mpSa n'yi'o*? nui r* 

,n*i;nDn fiics miynni (14:i 1112;*) 'S p^D i?*aK"mi (Ki^nojr) 2"' p^ »iSn nSo a^mpSa 

. pi'D nvn*? 'yav ar r\h)?nh y'*r*<in iM^snr ff'i'rcn n? qj C 
106 iiDr nS;?DSi py nyi K*n nr '>3ri* ^^3 ('» » *"33 s*^ 105 «]i ,cr or (/- 

111133 n?3 131* iripn 'd hy2 »3 c'bi n*nnn pa »S\i*) Dniw *.*7t33 D'S'nRKn B'Hipn pnn^ 
. 'n tii33? 'a ^|T , lS 1*? fine Pjio mmS inson (» ,03fiim prt» J 
nSycS 'Din nsi'. 1 79—80 nop /t p^,) n*7*3 ^:n3 py *^3i ^ua nSjrnV nm (** 



«l*nt: Kin dk: ^ick" kS d':d*d 'nn p ':n ^sck^ cj<i *cto Kin ht *k 
. (D^iJsin r)i?T in en:: -sn^e nw k^ innn ^iC^CD d^^st '2 12 ktcc^i 
♦ C^^'^nncK S^2K''i ctt ^Hr' "irK d:s*d '5 iisk n^^^n trK-: p? 'n 
s|Sp: izpip K^i pe? x^i nin" ;r2YK i^ j^Ktr emsc ir: ("-nt: 'cki 
r^r jnnvD n^v *j2i i^nn ne 'dki •iidk in k^^d ^7^ S31K1 Dim 
KY^^sr S2 f Sz^Ki pcin ]^ki ^hpi ppnpi pBT pS ts^^i n^i" s^syk pS 

»imc 13 
^3 T3];:i i3n:K^ /i2i n:rn nna is^nn: '^d i?i .("^nirn n3 nKi) 
TBiyr tiu' DCnnn .cmctr yi2 k^ nt^K Dni3?n c^rDnn 'k nS:i:inn 
cn^iKn ^'?rK^ nK?K n'^Si:] nniKn 2111 . niycn n:tr '^vm m?c2 n:c? ^yn 
I J y '11 . (r 1 *? 1 : : 1 n n dsitdd ct^sjt^n n j< ' p ^ a i '. k o p k ^ " s £ d p 
ncns2i Kne^rn n^ciKn iirS:: icr kyg '2 p^h n^iijnnn (^ ncK k't 
^D iT!:iK n'n 'b^^.n ']b^ ^2 'nv^^' ,p irKi) nr^n Kin ^r f**? 
K'^n cmn -2 [nts^Dn nr ^j? jf2t:*: ^'^^-n nSi::-inn nnrtrn ^-^^"^^2 n^n 
,('^'»nv2 D31 cnciK ]D c^jnoirni .nSi:nnn 
cn^j^tr nnv3 cnr r-y nns on^pDi . r-yS anypc ^nni: (*^ an^K^^) 
MDH\ ^Q'havn ^\^nl2 ry ,dik ^Ja n-rm:: eit^y^ irK o^S^DSn id:: 
^3 hok: , nnrnr n^rK*? itr^^n 'dk dk . Dmnini nisroDn pDYpc 
V? Kip!i ^^j;3i .(nninc^ nrK*? in'^nn *3 c*:3in njj;^ o^rrNin ^^ky?: 
.(^"n'Ki3 K^K n^rnr n'? ir3^ k^ ^3{''nr tick* 
Kin n*3 m'riD k'^i . ('121 inK tt^'^Ks -dki: m*?i:n K^n . ( * ^ j'ln m^iD) 
.(Kin p kSi) .(^-nuD nSi:n ^nn ni*?iDi »mnK ntrKc ihi:n 
pthnbv^'2 iHK *-ni£ nDKi .('121 c^ntt*£i ncv iK'-nr Kin .('-*nDytr) 
pSm . T : D J? t^ iDK irKD n^K-i K^sni . fa^^n '^hv^) n^ni c^noY on o 
Kim) .(^^ccnt: D'-nsYn d'Si:i ntytr h\p jd .D^^rnji ntii^t? 'sS nScn 

, (nji ^n:: j^ik? '^S imp'^n S':3in nKi "3 



. n E ^ 3 n 1 n^T2n H' n^»2^ aysn n: S3? «)ei: i^yi , (b? n»3?> nSyaS 

cni;i nSan T?2n 2;ir,' mi^S 'zi;'n isijina ^2 n3D«5 «*? J*c^in *?;* innv {' 
♦ psucr*:** n^^iy; i^c i2« nnoirn aain* ^dt ,nJt*:nSM k*?t |*3i«cipSk 

, (n^ in QijiioirS n^iit3i) 
.(57 na;*) n^'s^ n«i ('' » ^''^i '^ ir^;* 52 t]! , n^i^ nnn nnc cs^ (^ 

. ^"as 'H nor 54 «]i ar (" , n^n nuiis 
.(99 nap) nSp«*? am ,pr niT an (*- 
,{5 11::;') nSyaS n»*i . pr *-m crs 1'* . *"33 5"3r 5ti =11 ,a»£"tip nrifi ae* ("* 



153 ^"'rin ]:yh mvon ifiDc 

jD «in ^2 levy^ n^r cv2 ncsn i:nr^ ••d -^ex ^n:Ti«n ]^t:^i2i) 

W3 ^rtri (-^ y v£5 tt^«i f?r nnn^n nx-ipi , onieipD sii'^n ]ye^ nwon 

n^n ie*?Dm ,i-iJ3 p'^n^ ns« r^« «tr^ -)tr«D .CDm:n32 DiNr^i) ,n 
Kir K^rr Die^ai Dnn:32 nt:'''?B^n k^i Dieitri dsiji^ nois: tPKn ^2 id« 
1K21 mD« 'M "IDC ^D -^aK N''tr:ni .(□•mtren o^^nsn jrr^i "»sn 

iDWtr >D one . D^^CTn '^y cDDnn isSnn: ^2 yii . (" hd-is nDiee *rr .n 
.DnDi«^D D'^Drnn ar.v y? ne^ leSeni 0"«^B^:n un^ /^ on >2 
.(ni*?yD ': en ••2 -icx k't cni3K p -^dv 'i jprni) 
mD^ D«i .iS^Di cDiiS Dtr n'r^:.-! ••r .ry py '^2-1 Sy (I^-ick ie^«i .i 
^Sdd n«DiiDn D^r^no VTD*?ni j^y S2« .(^-cB^n i:ca *?er invpo 
iDtt^ 'n^ '^'^ {•fin iDKtr nr SSdi .itrsn je ns^-ini iiyn 102 nis^inn 

.^Sdh tsstrc nh:i:in nvpe taier^e^ y:c^ «S 
Dnmon nifiiy^ b^^ ^2 c^osnn 2"n i-idni .fjiyn p ivptrn(^'^n^« nKi) .r 
,D^3D^D'n iS tr^ ^3 D^n 'CNi ifi^nnr. .nninD on o ona yiv c^:i:^c 
y2v«i si'jpi J^pipi psr ^h r- Nim nvi: ^h^ Sdwi Din i:^«tp en nhni 
onKtr^n ':ie 'k ny kvc^ d« "^diki ^iTt: n^n*^ nh^ ne sin 'c^i . mn^ 



n»r3n mniK mynn nSyo'^ hkt .'"23 '3^ 'h iiov 40 •■]i , mpn nncS or f-^ 

. iriyn 'D Sj^2 nm nn 'Sik ^S>H^ ]K30 c* 
, yxcm misnn dk n:i n n ' i r crn nnn S^Si' nin (* 

. «3n p^3 *.n3n3 nMn:^ 133 «^r:no p da Hin rnoK '33 

S31: 3in3n ores D« '3 c':n3 n*2"2* nnh ]'^ht vacS ^Sinm ntn i3«an pino (" 
nsn nn cnpntr na da mv ht H'i . tJ?3 P i •"» dk '3 p y larK nc3 k ' tr 3 n >3 noinS 
i^nr ':ce nc'S K^r:n nw cnpn ^irsDn p'osi . K's^:n nsi*? (^'?v 13k nc') nSn leSan 

♦ ::;'?3 Dip nv »3 •■]« nnii pT3 03?d3 

.^"33 'H ntay 44 s)-i or (^ 

. t;*13 p TnS DM ^3 ]:yh myn n3i3n ^ninS nc da (^^^ 

.'3HDpipn nsn n« H»3n nte n^jro^i .'3 iioir p,nn imns db' (•» 

.;:>' nsn s|"ia3 (59 Tioy) nSyoS hhii . p;? D8'3 nHT3 'SHDpipn K'3n noHS (^* 

• (84 n^ey) p'S .»'33 'k iior 4o sjt Dr ('"» 



K^r:n pp*? nixon leoD 152 



by D^nri nnK nera Kirn afnn nne D^nriei inw Diye^ ywhn rh^y 

niDn fiT^' niDpD ^n»5 iD?r leiea pb .nn-oM onnDDi nno 

• nniTM nnnoK n: n^Di •nniK^M 'tji ^n^K n n^5 ic^an ^nD^K 

iDD "pvvns Kim ;n: pr ^e-Di ^inw nyn} .1:11 »er niKt^n 

• (in:i pp 
nhH2 irp (DK ^D) K'D i"inn nwca uni d^did ^an 'ni^:^ (- d^jt pjfi ,n^ 
d^dSvii D\nDD D^rn:*! ij^a^nD i^naK d^^i^j pn^rw Sp pirn D^wn 
DHD Snpj K*? i3KDn idkS 13^^ DK1 • . ("h Snp^ p^S*?33 Dr«i cnS 
^nnSD raS didd:i (nn -jbi^ wk) rrK o^h lt^y nh piirti w ' ''/j 

'^ap: kS air^ K^ OHi nr DK DID ^M^Dn .p»iin »^Kn aS pi'r • 'idi ',^ 

Dpn ^3 jy* ']h^^\^ noD inwn: k'd ijop 7\h^n2 'n Snpa SSan^ wod- . V; 

(nnirn Dv nK) n-^K inr idkb^ niai -idk r: .pD^:a ^3 (Hpwi ,b^ 

• OK^r "irK DK) ^"KK Irani ^re^n ova mni niai *?k aw:» .irnpS 
^its^Mi n''^BK3 ^»»n cro piD .th^b^ am nwa Sdk^ ib^k ^a pmm 

• C^nm *?M njDnn a^m^ ra.pp pi .dhidti 



i^v^i cnn ir^ dv nipao ien»^ ••»» ov r^ Sua dk (**DnoiK r^) ^k 
. 'kh ^""^^ nDsn iirp' K-i" K " ir 3 n p p idk k'i , (narn ^^^a iSdk^i 



. (140 nioy) 'T |o* jranin nana 

. 'K i^a;? n''Dp ip , 'ti 'i nm s';?r a'K dp (* 

• (14 roy) nhtth pjr ^-Tm nin (■ 

• Bv pjr naia mvoj n? a:) (* 

Hnrn nvpoaici , (95 iioy) p^Sa lypoi^ea bfcian ^nn^ niaron ibod p^na (• 

. hpiHit fi usnn D^aon lojn . nan-a Kin ^in *a (93 nioj? ar) mamS 
^ac'Ka i?:n* 'cini nnnn nan pi .py nan i)U (70—1 tidj?) n^S nin (• 

.(?•» jo«) nS;m^ 
natra aroa , nawm nc^Ko J* 589) nrt ♦•a 'lb Sr D'fc'wa »aii n^iin a^oipSn (' 
• (nnitrr. ^rma lor /w ari n'ta;?^ wm nVn irrtii p nro ifcion n* ^jr l654=T<nn 
(83—86 Ttor amtta) npoa<B^.ni»aioTp noipSa m »»ao anrw anaipV o'fiin pimpiiibi 

. '•aa 'a m 24 i)t , iia naneS {" . taina o^iari anitpa 



■ '7, 

... n 
■ 'J 






. m^i:£n^ 'hz nr\i'\i by 'h ns hy:: p d':i , yiSi^ n-i!Ds< iin hy n« 
nnmn nn by nn mnn Sya p ,nncn minK ]2 by m nrx nrKsi 
1DK 'HH Sjf nin«^ p nrx "itrxz p 11:2':: . pyi nc^n:: * ni'^e*? ^^k 
mivcz ittfK ^2 ^2 , n^rnnh xS nc« jThk Si? ntnn r\2 by 2 p . mrn 

.-JJII^ p2 Cn^3 ^*?^2t£?D Kipo "^^^^ '^r Dni]2 ]2 nKT21 

ntn y: 'b*2z*^ i*?Kr^ ,n^:n k'? jm ntrx nr,? 2in2n (-idki n^'^ 
pt2 ninici pi2 nncK x*n *h p^ir^ htd^ rkh h^k ,inG*<T nSxr 
YT nSj?Dr ]Df ':'2 ni^c« K^^n **2 yyn -ji^2 ^^2 incj* *nSi?^trD inn 

.-UPKH ^2 .I'^KGtr'? ire^ }^2 s?t kS nr inx^ ^c *?2 '2 en'? 2'r: 
Sd Sp nnoK rn S2K ,12^2 nVw '^hh by miD» rn K*:> nSiy2n 
|nn ^b liTDj? nrK ^kt .i^id^d nnn2 *neK ]D pinii 3np tr^x 
^kS i*fD«n nivn by n:n ^^acnS nSyinn ns ^h^ ,'ui pirS •jn22tr 
'2 KMT i^nnS *]n2T ^y n^xn nH::n ntr«i /i2i ine2n2 12^:1 r^byi 
?2 »DMK n^D Sy cnc nnn .(^njisi npsD 12 I3i nn- qmk isr'^ 
nrK .onH |^«J2 MX 2in22 ,pMn*« ^^ip ^^h *?2 ^r Sisn nbnn nni 

/121 (;*iSc^Sk^ irn«S 
p2 /n Dy ^rr:'? ik D^tseisr"^ iiKn SSp' xSb? ^jyS ny ("y^Gi pc'e 
1TD ion *nnxe2 ''.^£J2 pno" ^2 jy^ , d''Jij^2 cnr 1*2 c^nv antr 
^JTK2 inTiKi in'^Sp ycrn "2 ^y ,7i:sv^S SSp 1112x^2 "2 /n trp2^ 



.WL, 



, n^KH kS 
ncK 2^02 ir2 niCK , iSK 2Sn2 n: SiP2n kS i^jy2 (' i^y i2irM 
nCK (py Dm: ^*^''2trDV) y':Gi .ick 2Sn nSir kmjs^ ^2 iS^sk iS2kS 
(BK '^2) K''2 . iCK T2tc ^^K*. 2Sn2 ^^} br2n kS id^.k 2in2n fK cnS 
pttf ,fyn nsji an^;^ *?'e?22 in:y':: .7:^^ nt pyn ^2 •'ik .idk 2%12 

m222 T2ni . 'UT IM^K M n*2 K*2i1 ^nDlK m22 n^tTKI 1D1K KM 

DSir2 iM^D2 D2 iKsnnS 2py n^i2nn2T nt^iyi. □*7tt^2'? kSe? ;*yn 
rjDnK2 in"" ntry p tDny^ .^n*^** ^T^^ *"i'^^ .7^2 *jsS DK'2n2 
j^Ktr TKD ny ^inn sSn tjcd ik^yvi . njKnn JG n*^ j'y 0M2rD 'tkib*' 



^h 



M 



pi .n nSaa ii-iS rsrr* ^Bin o ti^Din*? sr^i .24 mv.n 173 may 'd pSn j'o-y nco 

.{107— S iioy) py n::n3 nSyaS nn-i <* 

, a^E:c^s* riHiinz btiSk e*ic* o (iS—Q na?) u^kt pv ^"'sn e]\^3 n*?yaS C^ 

.'T niDj? z"Sp C1T /S-'n n*.»< o's* ;*« =5r i' 



•t^r^n ]2vh mxen isdc 



IBO 



. n^^G mYt:2 mri ncii nrte nnr diyg ^d yn^iD hbr^ (* nrK*i crrp .*? 
1DK nr:j? -ivy ,-|d:? hn^r' K'^r: ,n'?'):n irwi jjj; y*j uS^^irp pi 

T^n .^^'hc hv {hnn nszr *?yn) »Trn i:V5S£?o (*n^i3n rKi ]rjf .«*? 

nnnDz .ir^jr^ ('inj ^nn in nrnS ni^ nmev npm omv n<nnn 
Enn' n^^zin tigk2 . ncK y: rrcSi D'-^^^rcn *7*?5 ry"c) * (* -jnS^e 
s^ins DrM?i D^'^'.^coz ^.nm in pm 121 ^2 Kin »niv nii^v npiT^ 

,('"521 nSzKD^i 
• m'^iyn nsf^; hn ncKi d'?32 opo nt *Kn nn^22 hk^di ('*ij?nin o'jj .^h 
nnrn c?Kn5 .n?!2J Kine* ids nncj^^n nos Km nnj^n nSny ^i; inj^o 
nrn ix^'2 . -[niinD in*?!? irn S-ic ^rDsrn orai :nnD2 , m'^ij^n dhik 
rn^n yz; K^n neinn "rD kh ^d .nSn3?n itrz nut* r{h''t:i7\ Dips 
^3 •♦^ . ntp^ ^nyi 2S ^ij? 3^133 * nr^ Kip:n Kim , nH^n K^n nncjr3 

,ynhH mm in'?i]? ne?2 ^id^ ncKE? Kin 

icnz ,K^n n^iy irs ni'Kr .in^ny iirs ^y ('D^^K^tn c^^iiSio'n ,}h 
.-ID ^iD^» uS fKD EnDiKtc iniKs: . DnKiinDi aTiD*?E j^*: "S^dk^s 
5^ Hy . nhiy 2*?3 iDK^r ::k¥d kih"? » -jmny n^'^j? Kini? open 
nm2 pi ,DJTK nSiy *w .n^?y jrK^ i-jkvd pi *'iai "irz Viyi 
n.3inD ^2 en*?' tv: vt ,-|MiDiptt n^Kt: 'jieji .OMsr *?^y ^:ki 'jk? 
nt3K2i . C* 'ijt IDT mVi yn^i '^ ntrK ion ^2 'kh , onn^D pK d^js: 
I8fr^ . '121 inCDns n^p^n p 12?*? nn^ r-ir n^K^ ':?idj ^2 li^i^n 121 
W SiD'' kS i^k i2f ^^T lciSt£?n rSy ir2K) n"j?K Dni2KS irK2 it 

.{*"i2r mVi -IT2K p 
msinp '?2 T'Sy nrncK ]2 inrK Sy x^np htdkz '^2 (^^pnn nK?2 
rnK ]2 *?y in nsTK nc?K2 , niKn*? inr^c it nj^D pnns p'l . inrK 
p nrK it£^K2'» *nTnnS i^b fK n^nK ni ^j? nmn Sps p ,miDK 



.iS 



. '3 iwj? 2'^p B|T , 'iri 'p riK i«*«r s*« csr (' 

,(7«S— 7 1T2V*) n^jraS hdih n^y^ n*?'o p:?^ pj? nan t\u (* 

, C83 iiay ,1 nSyoS n«i ;jy nsn (* » 'di 'j? niK cc cr <'* 

.(irsn d:.»i3'3) Jt^aisyn in^:n dicisi . n'a '^ n^ai^a ^^icc itin (• 

. (84 5 mart n^i'-D*? niSi3?n n)?aA Sj? pv "»i«*2 nin (^ 

♦ 'Ji ncy a*'p Eji /*— 'n niK 3*r 3"« cr (•* 

, inSiy ")SP2 Sio^ 's^os^n nv^i ,* ^iDon p^DcS inaw (• 

,(79-80 i^sy) '! p'D nS^is 'n i^y nsi f]ija nSyoS nKt n« 

, '3 *noj? ^*^p PIT /K 'n niK t"^s» a'H or ''• 



14 J) H^tE^^npp'^mvttnifiDD 



veil nv«i2 n^Dnn .(oaDirt: hy) o'p imn (oai^o hy) ny '?pn 

• oneana 'n min 

rits^c y:iiii ^cc «im .nr^ «ipi p '^r *C>^ mavynei o'^ts^^n 12 

. (* iTH Tin nr iTn 

• D^nyn SD^^DniDNi .i^dd d^k trts^i ^irei iDvn op p^^pi -[id iS-^fiNi 

.nw D^^n ^Sp3 p nhny w^H^pin jd n^« ^d .("nvnn niKvini 
Dv p on^nn dv 'y ^^mei inc« ]^:r nieiv div*? ("'D^iiDipn in'i .d 

mrpn "iN3:i i:in^3 -iitk^ o'^nn^^n cj^« ""d onnniD px d'^ini) "131 
inDN niDiv DV 'p pi . (Div'' iDir SapS ]pt2S (* Div^ n'i^in n^d , dvn 

nr pnui ^iS:i its^x^ . ia ddieshi DBi^na ^dhid nnD DnnnK^i . Dnin\-i 
D^rniSi D^ri2i D^DV Dn C vnts^D ""D . nr -n«^3i trn^e nD ^yyn . T'^'^pn 
i^p Smi nnei n:nD ^d5i 3inD3 .(^MtD iim« d:i div: p nexi ptr 
nfiDDi '•351 Divi Dnvi^S Sn:i Sd« p'^:id imi i^dh im its^H Dipo "i^?i 

.7DPD D^ii^ pvv isKi pr 
'5 pifia nSpD*? d^«vd: i:it5^Si ^cnn ^••nnir ntrn'' '•nn pp ^-^.nn) .ns 

• (120 nicp 
^iB^ H'ri '^\^D' «S ^rcts^ dv np inr*?^ dvc pinp ova NM(**n^^Dn p .m 
iiDP Dtr*? n\'T' D« n^ir'S • inntr Dvn nitrpn*? iv^y pS • d^dSip nsjDC 
•'isS n3n:t8^ nivc Ss p noK 7pn p:inni .tre: ni3D ik ^*?in i« 
. nntra ntt^pn «^ nntrn -in«*7 nin: irx Sdi . . nats^n n« nnn nnts^n 
^Di . Dn^ rts^: Dnn^TD . in-iin n^''«i k^3 ii^t nri . rsi: dv kih ^2 
^D^ nts^tTD kSh , mvon *?3D ni2'np nr« nnr nivD ^3 ^:h p:iDn 
nninei nniPDi mr^i n^pinci nJDWi n:trvD nt5^tt^i«D nts^nipc n^t8^«n3 
cv nK D^n-^N "in^^i na idk': , -[D^ip*? nn*?it nvnn • nivDi nnin S^S 

.f'-'ui ini« trip^i ^p^arn 



. |3j? fiyi nr»n tht '2 yi: a^Hipn n^ne (* . ('n '< ivk) m i 3 » y ]o (•"» 

♦ 'K -nor 3"^ B]T / ': niK K'ai 2*k ca^ ('* 

.Taej?- nS?2n Sy nwa »c Sy py nan en nSn 'd (5 Tiayi nSyoS is^m 122 (® 

. £ 1 V *? S'ST nK-i5 (** • '3 Tioy ^''x 8)1 . 'n— "1 niK -.'a-i 3"k ctr (" 

n2Ti .(40-iiayi n^yoS py nana nnxpa -lat: cv D^ysr cix i.'" . vns* 103 S'l (^ 

- . . anriKi »i^n ^iS ':KBpnpn maifia laoo 

.CB* naaS nta niy .^nun ^Dirli ,(74 nioy) n'ryoS ;:j? nsna nt S2 ('2 



«^t8^:n pr*? nivon ibdd 148 

"2 -ic«:tr (^nn«i£i^ hdisi nnc hz". "^in Sd cnc Ten cnry^ts^ 

mN:3v 'n ^kSc ^3 . in^ec ".tt^p^" mini nyi incr^ pD (" ^nstr d: p'K ,«d 
r^c'2 . ■]\-i^« min i-:ctr vnt^ n«^K jnrn «"iry3 . «in '•c «*?ni . «in 
2^r\2 iwvci 2inD3 . cninn ^3r«3 "ni3Di *iS:i min Sr Dincn nr ix^i 
. "invna tr*Ni 1^:1 Sy r^K . cinn niDcn ^«-itr'' '•:3 latr^ -iir« mm^ 
^Syi nn "Sy i«^:2m ninn i«v . -id«S un'^^y h22 h^p iy^i::r^ "itr«i d':i 
."iniin n:3i -iic:i'? iin^r niDD niry*? ni^y ;*r '*:'yi u^^^n ^hy^ cm 
.pn£ Dj^ iTT -Sr inr -inn iy ne n-iin^ n2«r Dincn *?y -iN^ai i^'t 
ns ;'y *?2 pi .nin nvD ^nn nin^i .ixn ns ns^ pyn n^r 5inD3 
]iiB?ni Scisn -nn n*? jn: p2hr\ 1122 2inDD .vs^r'J vniS2 cj; -nn 
iri pne cy cncn ni£2i cncn nisD I'^n yy ne nin^n «ini .'1:1 
hy t<ht< ^yH '^2 nn-pSn iix-^ hy ynrc n'r «iry '•iiv nyiDn '•^ . '121 

.ronDr^n dtd^ m^D n^'^e^y 
ini-ij; \2^ . n^rncz ni^j^ca in^w -iin£:tr -is^^'^i -|Sn (** niw^nn nr D'i .M 
. ini^::} ir^n -id«^ nrci . ni:i2C c^Sin ninnrc vn ^2 n^xn K\-ti . tree 
.•i\-)cn \yycn ^-1212 n2?D «*?2 D'^^in nutS niri cnS n^^ dk ^2 i:^ 

.C'nin2rD Cnyt!>2 D^2"lt2VD iM kS 

nvnS .minnn-:2?nc iw n:r2 0^121 i3n:i y: ^^^2rc(^"Dnr22 ix'i .:i2 

.("n-ini:2 nS^2«S niSi2 
^S'2trci .'121 ^n:n loScn ny itr^ DniN2 12 i2-in(^--iir2n nn''2r ji-12'r .12 
^':'^2^c nra p ''N'':n('=' int:nT *?Kn *?«-!tr^ «^r: nSi:n trxi jjy 



21^': 2»2-i;'n ;'2 pr 23>n pj? '3 cnnnn c^nam *iSn nS ^^HOpipn nana j?n* (* 

. lex;* pjr n2T (77 niay ,'3 ]o^) nS'o <:n3 n'ryoS hkii •innn^i i':B*?r 

. 'T ni3>* 1"© SjT /T — '« ni« "t'31 ^'K CB^ ('* 

. H1TV3 2%irn n2T 'c 'r;* ;:v ryn nn^n dkt o j?i: cnnni ^SKcpipn nana (' 

. mara ^y 
T\^yr2h r.s-i^ . r.iS;2 ■is'an r.S'2« iok pr <3 vinn B'wm nnopipn nnya yiT ('•* 
n-.ivji nr-in cr in^n ^cn-i , -jni^ra pn 1:^ cnma ;kvi npa 'D ):;• nai ^^^2 (4 tjoj?) 

.HT p;?3 cmiDii 
. ':i Tiay D'c PIT /I niH i'St a'K D8> (^" 
cninn pi sncxn ^ro ^2 nTirn ;a pr m3"!n 'D (67 niaj?) nH*o':' i^^m 133 (" 

. nS'3K2 cnnia nsv *J3"t 
. 'a niay 'x «]n /a— 't nin I'Si a'K dB» (^^ 
. 3*3 P'D3 nt p3y2 pjr nnw rwn (»' 



147 K^«t^:n pyS mvcn lect: 

• Koan nmi m^ ^d^3 "noK idd • iriiBD irpno H^^\^ (* n"':''ee^ mts •^•B'n .t 
niv .KM n«DD .Tnn nni^ ^d^^ icki •nm^D D^r^tt^ T\H^n^ ncKi 
ny na?n n«"ip: nv nr (' ^«3 ix^n «Si • nm: '•do C •"'^'»^ 'i^' ^^'priS 
py^i •{*nKDD nntn 13 n«eD m: ntr« -iir«3 o •«^^ hndd lOKit^ 
nrK Ditt^ 13PT n\-in nm: ^eo n^rn "iidk3 S^k .nNoo iok k*? ma 

,«^n niCD n^^3 ""yjiDn nnra hkod k^h mi 
■DT wp^ o tt^pnn ntrrci .n^ty^7» me irpno noS^ Cmy Dvs'n .id 
nKDBi io«i .«Den nnn m: '•do mSvn nina^ .n^ts^nS iDn laia 
.n^r«T mvD3 w'-n hkdd n^nn nm: ^do idkit pi .nm^^ D^yott^ 

. (^ yrr*? HT^^n n«DD jd nr^:n N\ni 
IU3 .nK p^M i:*? r^ ^^02^D DnD*?Di DHDiS (" iTts^iT HID inpTv .ro 
ODDir .nx p:3 Kim (trs: h^h) yh h^"^ ir« ik d^vdh :n3 iDXtt^ 
nyi^m ^iir -iDim n'-w-i 1:2 p« c« C^c^iyiDn h^h h^nn n^an i^n^ 

.28 pa 
,n2«t^n Dip *r2«D Sd jonSi ppnnS na^^n nmnn o -im Ciiy xVi .r 
i^rnn "it5^« n«i is« i£:«n -iitk hk -inD.'nS e^ip nats^ pnae^ '^tt^ 

fi'yi no«n (ts^nn dk) n'x iiDir amsD . c-iiyir p Kin (" r2«n jd^'d ji» 

mv»n) KM o 2in2D .Dmjrc^ (dn o) k'd nvd: tth t«i .onvDD 
nr irnn Kip: o in^r'D .(^-"idi -i\'i^k miriD -f? ""i^:! n? /i:n (aoK 
e^mi ax Kin , 30K n^D iiko'S . "idi inTvp an Sy inryD '•bd mK 
.»K2 '•i^p 20K iDK 1DD .iOKni nTvpn '•:Dn ^trinS trnn prKii 
Sk pnv D^:2*? 2K .12? ^:2 *?d '•aK ,2:11^1 11:2 c^s'^n Sd '•^k idd 
.j:th D^iS: DTDni n^KD .(^-^r^Kn nv^^D p ."iddk 
TIT itrK3 . nam jd (^'* idik nimS nDK r'^ ^^oitd (^* KipD ••^y'2 .a^ 
.^iB^ 2ip2 1:0^2 Kin ny nm:tr s^yKi .nam cvd on^n^n nij^ip 
lepvi .iTDrn K12 "jfiS nts^y" "tr^* dio t*" Sib'' ck o iiiko nc^ 



, (41,45 TJc;*) ]:;• nsi^ nSjraS hki r- , 'n niH cir ,* 

, 'laSriva nv^in nnoian niTK as pcD3 nsnn 'Svk dSih . ix n; » k a Kin jiDan 

,':i nirs;' ';* s\i /n niK T'yp 2"^ as* (^ ^g^, ^j; ,-,2n3 hhi T* 

. (5 1 iiajT) ]:;* n3i3 nSy oS nm (* 

. '21 'K niaj? «•;? b)t /v niK n"vp 2**< o* (' 

. '; iiay a";* sji /i nn n";*? 2"k cr (» . (70 na;*; nb'sS pr nm nm 

.(70 nioj;);3j? nana nSya^ nm (*" 

.I'y I'j? s|i 'Si 'a /D niH D"cp s^K ay ('* 

.;:y nyT nr.M p '3 yni3 n^annnni a»3ir«nn a»mpn nana (»* 

. nimpon nwaa i^j? na^rS noDOO a« p s'sk n'ra TKa (»* 

.n2V2 SnrD reen rc'nw ;Bt h'l (*^ .'Ji T»ay 'u ^i /5i 'a niK s't 2"^ ctr ('* 



. (- vSnS 5rim iDK 12^ n?^ i«5 ^^i » "^jf jn ^*^jn p:: n^.isv n^cr n^Kn 

onon nis^' nn ;'r '^^' ]'^^i<^*r] d^^2 cdS onnp^i (^ncKK? inttn:3i .«^ 

^:s^ nnDtri 12^ igk «'?« .mDDn n^'t^72 n:\2:^ nnMC* ij^;y iKn 
mi:2 cntr -nn |t *75e^ nn«£nr trrs h*? ^:! n? cmci /" 'e? 'k 'n 
n2^r\2 Dn::^:i metric? n't^cn n^-'C*]; im*S on ni2i5?m D'£::?m cnon 
urn m2C2 noxa 'sic i*TrNi^ igSs -iirKr . jn Sr d'c^ nj^^r 

YV ^h];^ nn ^^^^ ^*7ir w^'am tnn iky iidhi im^ niK'^z 3^mm 'n pa 

TDK! ,2^"122 iTCC niETy^ iT2y J'^ ^^V" Dnon ^^J?1 CIH ^SjM ]12W 

^2h hy c*rp ickt n^y D2n:i hd^ ( " iD:;'e , 71^2^21 ^iTS mnro Sy 
niDsn n';^5r cnyn nyir h^z Q'lvvn enyrn ^jpi en , icwn n'^^^CK 

1H21 :?": T];t2 ]"J:? X21 . 1T2H2 DDC '111 MH" D^tlH ^2r' ^2 {^' IDKtP pt .P 

, 1'7D^'7kS irnK^ ^^K 2iii2D .'n m^n pc(''=nnse>o ^hk D'^Dnp on ^3 
uv^ ncn cir n^r kSi 2^n2^ .Kin ir"?!*!::: ti^-^Kn I]*? ^np 2%idt 
r'« fl^^ir 2in2i .nnK S«i; ^2 >nt:^e '^y jt:2 ni^isi iirtDi .rnK 
p ihv 2in2i . 'i:n i^:i Si^D iS:?: nv'rni icKr Kin , mj^iS jdji iSj;3 



3Cit: nrsicn *?;* ^2 : n^iS; niisn a*?iK . rtzr he hv*:; »71i*i c;*3 p";m prSn (^ 

. nti -is-n 2^r::n ciw ^2:2 22n:n -jSan ntsSsr ^''t ('"* .'en '« fi'.i<a ctr s*ir C 
^»i^k: ;n r^2 Si* ^3 nin iirisn ;a n^3inr (III 113>*) j:jr nsns nSyt:^ hht (** 



145 K^tr:n ]:vh rr^-^rin -^.sdc 

■]M^« «in Tnrn -3 (3y:jtr:i vyi^n n''M loy par "^m "•a np^ 
• C ^^■^^« nsrca sip: n^n ""d "ie«i nm i ^ m (* k ^ 3 m ^roo 

DWC1 -jtrnp crs y^s^n2 "inncxi iniTcnn (c:iSc ^y hiin naDts^ ^yn) 
^Kit8^^ K^r: nh):in trx-i ] 3 r ^ . "inxsiS na ntrjrn hkist hdk^d km '•d 

mnwS one nr ••« im «Si ."1:11 cnyioSi nim«^ vni (^^iDHtr pi .n 
nT3 .D'^nric^ m^ nrj; idki niTcr c^r^ wi .cnyiD^ one n? ""ni 

,(^i"i:ii Jew pnra nj^i D^iy p2^ 

^«it5^'' "in n« ^D^i new n«2i r'J imrc j^rin"' k:2i . ^ic: n^K nvn 
it2« pS . 12 nD^2r:i nh^yn -)tr« nntsrn nr^:ic «ini . niHrn nr^^ ^« 

• (^' D^v« n^er 5-)«^ nia: nj;2:i insi ^trx-in ny^Jior «Mr n"*; Str majrn 



Hin nt 13 (';KTf3 5;» jtov ia« ''"^r ]ioy 12k rinni .'5? n« n^v ^'k as* T* 
.(315 niaj? »mnno3;' ^SKopipna 'onn npS nrn a-.pon ^31 .nra ^oc^r b^^kS ^nvn <i:3n 
n S 3 1 rra pi^'n ih -jS'.in v^h :''• S a i n r.n^y^": , n^::i>*2) < S o n S k 't'v (- 

, ^ S a 1 S « 1 "r a «*d ;'3r: p o ;* i a « «S cs» »:HDi:-ipn nnjr '£*? ^2 <onr, nva '.' 
ni3nv2 niwiTi i^t .(1 mjrn 84 -A^y ipD:^c ipn -irnr; n a k :n S'x ( ^ 

■iri;*n 'd S;*3 h^sh -irnr . s-^rr^ r. c » 3 n n rp^^n Dtt*3 a^^Sr: an "sninS <3 , nS»3M2 
cncxn S3 riK -laiNn py ava »3 '■<-)7--8 tio;*) i3<«n nS;*aSi . (nuaS .-ihy. ;:;• crs 
m ''2 ^SsiSk V2r: i^*: , nitaa a»2ip ci^«r -nays K^n n:v 'isi amno nsS nS^sxa 

.n2Ta2 2np n»n Siiiir.n 
, i'l nie>» n": :]i; 'a niK fap n'n 'jarH ('• 
n'lri' nS;*a jr^ «in ^2 (72 n-a;* 't ^a^a a^-tyia*. rsr ':n) pj* nans nSj'aS n«i (' 

. nixan rux: lar pin r.onpS 
nc .(7() 7 "iiaj? 'ii '2 ;a^B n'^^a ^2n i:v^*S2 nSya*? ^'tsk :ioin p;* nai C 
ni:fan 'aa inK a-pas airo n^n nt nniz' 'C2i . nS^an rmc-i aire a>'::n T!;* sjvbio 

.iK"' p^a, I'.aas naaS n«i i"-' . '!:tS ;*':jn K'rr prS 
m^nr.r ni-aa n^>**2tt*n man m'ca ('w iiaj* n'a B]n) '3 r.^K ^''ap n*« cr ■'"' 

ni>' nHT. . pv n2n2 Kin eT-pa <2 ^miS aiipi . a^Kipn Sa iH'an nS«n r.vmn (" 
. I n«Sm '3 iia;* I't* vp) K'sp 3*ki . nH'rm ('3 iia;* n*v e]n) '3 mn i''cp a^K S3BfH2 nooS 

• t'3 noj* n"D :]n. '* niH atr ('^ 
.(86—7 nio;? ,1*01 n"' p'o nS'ta <:n; pt' nana nS;'a^ hki (*' 
10 



«^tr3n pr^ niven ibdo 144 



jD inrnS m'n i2H2 im .nSio Knp^Dj; mvo:} Sic^ir "n^m^ 'n 
n-i^ff^^ y.n2^ iiv nniev npni 3inD3 (^ nm -nv a-ins inD':i • (* innp: 
^-S: /n or^ n'':tr ^iG aitri cmv noin -jS ntrr in^:i .'n nny nre 

. 73K pen ^« r'^t "iJ^ i"i« C2inir^ n^DKDn n« np^i "insD 
-i;':n nHr nS^D Sen jpn^tr ly "i:n pnh 2pr'S nT'eri {^itp ivsn .2 
r«i "^-in • C fnTi inSnm D'^Hnn . cawn inetrri nneyn mna '•iS:i5 

T.v^ -ir« DDinn "i:n i^n jei ^Kits^^ '»:aD »^n r^xi C ^^'^^ ""^^'V 'ivd j 
n"i«2 cvvj; ."131 neyn incri ion dk ^fitr1 S2«^ itr« B]iy i« n^n n^v 
nvih nyn ••33 vn'^ts^ "[« npr . C nts^Ni nji Sn:n jiep S^S^n*? ts^^x tr''«'i 
,ntrtri«nnS icj;*? mvi -i^nn -lai nr-K Sri «'n no nivcn ]S1ki hivd 
.7nS« mvD ntt^xn o^'^pn tr''« p«ir oipen p by 
HT'D .inarc ip Sy ''cn nve^i n:2?en Tt2pni it8^«i nx CpSci d«i: .n 

.IDT nvD^ 7N tsnts^^ 
m^n nn;; jD«i ny^ onyic rnpi ntrm .DiStri {^'^cri^ '3"n h^dti .n 
nN^VD3 cnMi:tr rnpi • ciStrns D^rnpicn nic- o'^trnpc o^trnnn niD^n 
. D^Strn^" 'n n« piniD iid't . "1D1 DiS^yS cneiri o^trpsD n^2Kn nny 
n^cSn r: it'tj (^^Sxitr^ K^tr: nSun itk-i x^'tr: py hSk d^S^dis^dd 

."lai; my eyerie irrni itrtriNnm nxr n^r 



'3 n»Di?2n (79 n:^;* 't ]?:<d nS^o »2n2 nSvaS) p;* nsnS nc pia* \-nj^rn 'CD (' 

. (cnN'.ro cnmn cb^ »r nv jo^ nuoS nmi) miDtn nana K^n nS»on 
. (82 Tio>* a'"* ]ia»D n^'ta »3n) py nmn nS>'iaS nm (* 
>r nciS I'S;* p-.Sn* cssh .(ar nS»a »in) cncoaa H<n nS^ona? p;* n>nS toi^ (^ 
pj? r;nS i;i:n^ nSn iiS ca '3 (134 iis^v) n^>»oS i:*!**! insi , cnnK D'Ssa d:i 'jio^ iSdv 

. D'Hipn 'laan h^ irj? pi . nrn 
. ('T iio>' :»"» f\i) 'n niH h"» d'h Ssb^k i* 
r.iK r.T 2"k2 ^3 nc p^xH 33K inni .(86nio;» t"d ^s'D dst; p>» nai n^rjro^ nm (■' 
S«nr» niS; rm nm:?3 n"nr» npnv,, ; nS^an niria r.n^K ^onn nsK^ ('k nio;? i*» :]n) 'x 

. I'/i ni3v Y'' ^n) 'jri 'd mn :i"» 3"« Sdck (/• 

':ni) i:*Kn nS^oSi . nrrz pi hti noT.cnr p;? fijn n:i: nKian »C3 ^inj? int C 

^2 121^ nn^in r* d:on . irrz km necn pnp nems^ in;n 'cS '2 (78 tioj^ 'n p^ n^^o 

. (/:» jc^D ')7 nioy) nhynh nni . 1212 nvnS ni2n3r nismirn S2 w in;?nS 

J.'H nior I'e 6)1) '01 p3 mH i"' 2"h ar ('»* 

'n::f3^ nni; n-nnn Sj? ijrij^n ncD2 a^Ki^on pv n2T an nSn r» 

. ''H -noj? n"' p,n) '? nw 5*2 2"k ar 0" 

'.rp2i n-iM r.'«T 'c Sr anj^ion wnpr vi2m n^ran p5?2 m^nS iSnntrn S't r'» 

. 2'2Kn nn 
i « m 2 ■ H^r:n > k 3 n d i 2 ]i2 22^0 mn T 1 1 2 » k a :i arn '2 rn'2in 122 (»• 

. «'2an nnar -.'t3*?n nna p ^1121 (] :i mniin n'onca 



143 Hytrin \:yb nivon ibdd 



.('Di DH^Sn 

• 1V1N1 in^n *?« ts^np DV2 1*?^ "D (*D^t8^^nDDn nox .(*"ipM n^aei .hd 

. ("121 minn ^p^-iyc hy w ^3 mvca i^nyn by tidcj nS limici) 
nS^'?^ nevy ^:fi3 nive Kintr (** D^ts^'^nDcn "nc« •Cn'? nts^yn D^Sn:i .ir 

• (nn»ie^ ntrye c^*?n:i nr^^n iC3 wh'^^ rn^ei) .dv^ iTv^vn idd 

• {'131 i:^3ionp n^nn d'':^dkd i^n^Ki) • C n'^ni n"iT:iD ni«^vin o^v'^nDDni 

• (yn naiS n? «in pi?n d:i .orn n:fi o dpqd .C^^iP ni:B^) .c 

. ('1D1 DI^D 11D« K^l) . 'ish 1D3 niJsS ^D C """^C^ D^r^n^DHI 

• (iniv p«i) .ntrn mip «intr (^^D^ir^n^en nD« .(^^iirn^ .m 
Dy n^^QTi n«r npnn: ^3 D'^tr^nDcn ncx •(^*aDni c^m ^lam «S h 
n]^) . aDtE^en p r^o"'tr "iic« ^d ^die^dS toi 'd • Q^ inr« n« netri 
«inir ne«m • vnts^n^s i^di) . intrK inxS jntsn n^«i ix^sni • (pni Sn 

• ('131 lyeiTM 
(^''nvrnsn iDcn ^j; ooeicni Gnitrej n^no i:j "d) . (^"^nin «in e^e: *d .«*? 

.'121 n^re n:r« 



"*i D r n ^ riy « •".con "» c -i n n ^ ^ w p n 1 1 n ^ crnn ^hs .13 
, i^u^ niHDn -iCDD p^nni 



. ]yj; n;?T nn»n dhts »d (129 iiia;?) 'inopipn nana nSyoS la^m laa (- 

.nia'rs'a a'ann nH-wn 
. 3"' ;"3 cnmS '^ .ripn ncD niSaS pj? mwa pajiaS a^aoa nr (^ 

.'T n"2 nn2iS('=^ . cmia ai»H viai aaaH .a»Kipni p>*S mj?ynn <cS;» inaia (** 
. r.2vn aiip C5 inwiin natrn ava rn nj?an hS c:i »3 h'h-iS c^mpn i«»a' nr ( *' 

. H"' p'Dj 'iSn »^^*? n^xon 'oa D'oipSa nS;?aS nni ('* . 'i I'a anai (^* 
.is*' p'D,j iSn nSa a^o^pSa nS;*a*? nm -''^ .cr anai i*® 

, 1 3 T 1 S"» iH t hv B'3 m 183 . ('" niH^T nT«?n3 HKii lyns vnan^ rai' cSi« . rri'M 



JD 



.m 



.n' 



t:' 



, Knpj? lECD »TRi worn . m^ic iryn n^Hc ^d (* ncK D^pn^m . O31 
, ('131 *7^3 I'v 'IS K*?^ '^n: '3iy Kiry 'leon ]^k '•s iki^ K^^n zh my hSki) 
nrn3 i« |c^:2 aHjrn nn^i ck npi^na ir*^ .{'nj?nn •isir ni33?nt) 

n:3SS pK *D yi .n:3Sn iusr *?jr mntr (*sm2i« opiiYm .(^id^ 

.('131 *?S3 njr 

•ncK mKi3n iscc n3j;3 ni T2n^ cym /idi (^'d3m*?« m ^:k '•d) 

. ('131 n^Ki ^? pKi) p^^n n:tt£^n n*7nn ^3 n^«-i iJnKUii ^3 ('^ D^nTn 

• 13CD DIKH IDnff'ir -131 S3 ♦e^DD 13t£' (** IIDK 

kS ^3 {'**nD« D''trm3Dni ^(narcn n3Jn'? ^y^35r Kin Dvn ^3 onD^K 
nSr pn^ kS ^3 S^yv «S nn) .r3i£^*? p»Ki dv n3unn nSnn rr^n 

*(2i^ itry c^jtp p3 n3r n\T 
idk: DT^yi nn3in m^v by (^^p^tP^nrDn iidk .("n*?Kn Dn3in vn^ .3 

, (mven ^3 iicKni) , -|iT3 ni?i?n *?jr Dn3n3i 
Kinr (^MiDK D^K?^n3t2m .(«ipD3 ri nwrn nSo*? pK .(^^msDiDS) ,H3 

. ('131 ^r:i fitsn tt'ie? '►3 pn*" nh nn) . Dili Sk p]Dni niiJe 
nni33D^:rDn ^3 (l'^iin« D^rnsDrr^ /131 (^•^Tiyr3 *?i3k'? Ssin kS) .33 
* ('131 Dn^S3n by 3^e^n^ "[ir/ pKi) , ny 1133 ^:tt?ni oni ids 1133 inun 
niYc '3 (^* iiDK D*^ef^n3t)m « ('131 ^r'**?^ itryc n? . (^^ o'-Je' t£»*7e;^ nxpo) 
'^^hn uy 1T3 -"icsn nnti oyci .prKin irycn win itryn iiry 
Kintt? nr pi ^:e? iryn ck? p«i . 131* p3n oy -|ip3 niii33i pi • i3i^ 



J3 



hn ]3r "»a»* ^''^i'v nn>* ^cai » euiaipn D^pi*isn nyi in« nta i^n pj* o ;?n' (* 
,(J03 nia;? D^ncDi p'b) ni^n n^it*i '^y >mi riiBipn majn pas*n Sj? ^h m ; I'^sn 

.T"^ n*2 Mip'iS (* 
♦ nrnn mn nivrt rMie* t-iOK^ c^aain Sjr pSn p:? o i?it (■ 

* 'J '1 na-TD:aS (' 

. (i3BT»n 121 . »nDi na) p riu^ pj? ^3 ii»i*i (21 Tiar) nS^o*? (^ 

»'^- '1 annS ('* .c^npni prS wns nuiin »fi3 (*" . n"D 'r isiosS (• 

id:; nt*Soi Ssro ^ii iDMi nt ^d noK* c*3iin«m D^jirn'jn cmipn Ssi nc* ^3 Sy (*• 

. pr Hirt nrn iSMbn Sj?^ o %Ti« pS , ('j 'ti 'j ';» ^Sfiftj) laS m*? S;? csns 

nma bSih ; Dnn«i inzan Sya , )hq'Sd p *S;* , ^hcS« nn , nfi> Syi* «sq3 m ( ^* 

,T"^ 3"* Dnai*? (^^ tf^Dn ;^5i*2 su3in Sr p*7n win bj *3 nt ts^iTEs anS fiip p;; *3 
(128 i^oy nS'o*?! n'p iidv 'n n^sno Q»:ir*tn*? pi3T riKi) ^j>tDpnpn naia ^:;^^' 0^ 
^iHi * (pit -jiaa M^TVt 3kS ii^a^ nt:D ii32 i*inr chS iia::) c»*ti3a ^jr iHTfoa pi* r»jnS ^i 

.ax Ti 3 3 S m^7^ n >* m d a 2 r"iHi?i nji3 
. D^mpni pj?S vt:13 '3 ij^rit ('** , n''3 i"i d**\3iS (^' 



141 K^ir^n pjrS n^.veniSDtt 



••D '•^ D^v ^rsD nhH^) Cnh^:l:'\nn N^^t5^ D^nvn iidk •(*nB^3Tn .r 

3inD ^^•^ iS^k .Sk-iit^S o^enirn en ^3 .Cna ^ki pnK Sk im) .n 
pn e^ipen n^as d:i n'^^hn mvon iri •n^no^ pno lents^S iniD nanDij 
.TH DK ^D nh^p nniD ijy'T» rjnpm .o^SriT*? nnp xintt^ oipo ^m 
"11CK itt^ai ^D (* ncK D^3"n . (^"iDD p o ntE^i ^3«"'i n^?^ pim oipcn 
• ('131 n:i33 nan »*?•) .:i "its^n ^e Sk «3 nS pi "its^n iirifi'"i .mSis 
^:y,r■ ^:n:H) , dki ^kh ninx Kints^ anew ts^"' . C T^^ *^^^ ^^ '^''"^P) -^ 

Dn^^«-n • len hy itrisj'' pi . n^ep na nS nrr^m ntrx ^kh np^tr oyeni 

nD« DV'i"i7tDnr -inm) .in m^iD nn^n «S pn •■]dd '•v^o' »*? '3 

• Odi d5^d c^Kiirjn ^y rtrnS -|nv pK mmo sk ntrx ns o 

. Ci2"i iiDN ncK Hhi) . incv 

iB^^nr "lorei .dd:iv"iS 'n ^^e^ ic^yn dk pi'':ini m^ya .pviS ddS 

pi ,n:tr 1^ p« Tiy in:ir p ••d .in^tr p3 iir« nitr p ^s (^^^ncK 

. ('131 narcn riDiini i«np «S n^ni) . nii'^iin n:r 1^ ir'^r n^et 

nSnpn ^*?iS . Dnnci divd Sj; iSd«^ ncsn ^d nj^m rinc . (^'^ ''Spi onSi) j^ 

eye -.3 (I'^i-iDw c-r^nDcni .(S^vn ni:trD d^d%-i dtsd ^3 n«n: hm 

.nnnncD Sn^tr nrtrN-in nrjtrn isccrj nSyn «^tt^ niD^Dn 

DV «ini myiatr :in uv2 c^D^rn ne^ntrr -in«i .'idi (^"nei^n anS ,t 

.('^^D''pnvn nil ^en onj^icn Sd3 iDinrS -iniD n^n .c^nip «ipD 



.'2 'T Hip'iS 'pi-ixn o* iniDi HKi (3 .D»H^pni pj^S in:i3 f- .I'l: '; KipnS <'* 

. 'r '3 Hip'iS (/^ .'3 la^D nS;»aS nm ('* .'a a"' H^p^iS (" 

DH'o ('H nia>* '3 c)i HipnS; nn3t33 »3 3"nK »n^Kn •]« .pj? n3T on <3 »nvB^ ("* 
<3 nvnS Srv n:eK^ .r"3mn n3T nn triconi isnon iK'sn nh na^i .«»y:n nnS m 

. pro np*? in 
,n"'i T"* ;i"3 Kip'iS (*^ .rni3pr3 D'aSinni pr n;?T nm it (*^ .i"' y'3 mp'iS (" 
. nn33n kSi niSpn niSKSon pi aio oi^a ninniD pr nynS '3 (?I nioj?) n^;?oS nm (^ 



K^r:n ]iyh nivon isdd 140 

(c^-l■^nKp^DK^2K n'^niyni) -'. ^ n o p c n -i 2 n '7 h:^^ .12 

w ^3 psD 15 pKi (S^ 'u^jionp ip\-)yn i^hd vm' y{^nmr] t^2) .k 
ntr^n wns^i i^Kn Kvir D^ts^-iscn ('m^^ni Cny^n nonS 

^31 HD^i .Ski»^ kvi n:)p nay ^d ineN iriienpi /121 (*n3pn ^d) .n 
HDDi . ^iy33 Kin nap jr nK ny '•21 pn . nD«^ ma n« tr"'« iisd'' 
1DD31 ""^ Mt2H niT]^ •iittn m^ nap dki hd^i .nap ts^'^K ny ^di 
,*?Kit8^^ li^K nay lay ^a (^nw d.t'?^ D^pSinni •(^K-itr"' Kin ina::ia 
"]"n p "inK onatn onayn Sai nan naai • on-iaK nnetroc «in pi 
. aNS n^i^^n nnsron ^a noK o • nn^^i ntrKn lai dd^^kii • ^aS nnK 
*?«itt^^ n^n^tt^ ne^p DrrSp TV^n'i • vo** ^a onow on "•a d^vS napi niyi 
. ("lai ^hHi^"^ xi'^H nap nap c« . Dpots^ca n^on e^en: nnpi) • pvii 
iDa Kin • iSpiB or tnpa nh^ p^ane «int5^ opv n^n . (^ dv dk ■]«) .:i 
nop: .Dpr Dpi tt^n^s o TncK o^rcm .(^^rsi p:aD t<^nw opr 
ccv CK1 .nnins nopn n^nn nnK dv mep'' d«i .iniK no^S n*?n: 
nD«i . nop: nSo jn n^a nvT'oa ii«VD K*?r Dn^^«-n . *?^a opv k^ 
ainan nDN» nnn nipi .n:nn K^nr nniD: n'^Hi r\:'H nopi: ann -"a 
niapa ]nKn nTr Dn^^^p ne^p n'^n n? Sai .cev neiS -j-nv nc dv 

.("lai Dn^^p a'^rK n^m) .napn no 
Cnpnn ncn noK •'lai oniaa nmo anpn w^ vir .^niaa n'^ir«n) ,n 
ne DP jDK:n npm • rnr n :i o d*o •'a pn^ «*?i) . n :i nnrio " n : ••a 
jw .*?tran nh opo no mpi •»npn pirSa kvd^ k^ naa o .cn^o 
-101*? Dpo no •t8^o» n«ian 1:1001 ainai .niion Stra^ Dn«n Ta na 
{•pn «ip3 n:Ki .iok opo no mpi .nin ptrSa i3«vo n:Ki ,aSna 
n'«aa n"'ir«i op nivon nm i:«vot8^ iiapa latrn n? Sai .(n:ion c« 
• ('iai ne^an op nn« oipea «in d: nam) • (^^ ^noiK 
lor nno^ .pp no« ♦(DiKn ^-n ip^p cntr (^^Tvpai rnna cpci) .n 
.('laine^ia vioan K^ni) •(^^nt8^«n aatro ^p nr ^a .(^''ppa 



. K'3 I'h nitstrS (" 
Sh nairnS h^kd nnan now ann S;ri . rjnnm ni'rSpn naiS pKinn i3« ]<« r*^ 
nSn nc' . Dnn^ ]2 paSo • rv*htQ p SnD D^osnn) D^a^tpn c^nnpn Sr ni^jSpni D»finnn 
• VSaa n»3tBTp twa mDm '3in vn pi • n^aann <o3n hy rnnnn: 
Kipa n^KH aasfta <3 avon ]o pj? main nona <3 (4 tio;?) nS;?o*7 la^m nasi (" 



139 H^irjn pyS mven ibdd 



131.1 ttSe^ «S :iD« /w {^HB Syne^ nnn) n'^ipa onsui o'^r't:*? n^wn 
D*?iK) . '131 niTD iDTD Dpn Sv« nh^p2 n'^n (nnra '^leSisn iidn) pwn ntr 
«v^ ^K vnnn ir^« inr n^pn'^ '.1 nnin '^^dj iidnh nw idinh r'^nn kS 
iDNiir nra .iBDin p« {* nK-^v^n iS ninin K^r '»di • ^r^rn dv3 icipoD b^^k 

• (* ^D1pt2D 151 iovin H^ : iS 



]2« 0D1O |n.i i2Kn''2iy2i) 2py> p ni^D '1 ^!J« .11. 

cu;2n n : 1 1 y in-i3no3i m^jKno^K nsHDnnnDsniy 

♦ (n p ^ 1 n ^ « n ^ « p o : n'»Diyni) 

.(®niDNic*?Ki niv«nD*?« nwna man^ •«. 
n^ii nrei • (D«''pS«) ts^pMn p:ya D^tt^i«n lye cnp po ^3 yn 
isrn on '•D • iny^Di pD.i j : y nta i^^dji niinn niifDa D^yiii nip''BD 
niinn d:i ^d iidki • C ^P'Tin n^ hy ir^ 1? mvin nivD nioiS ^di:» 
D''5i3 ]i«:i nnyD 31 nn^hy rts^n iddi) .trpM:} idd ntrDnrn novy 

. (131 iniinD 

• Coran niiiy niana •n 

1D3 It nx IT niiniDi nwi^n niyi p noi mi^ya Co^^i^Wi d30«i) 

py D110 nnii irn«tr ••^bd (mvDn 3113 DiTniyin D^p^inD onr 

• (^®^nyi ^y i:)ytrn ^«i KnniNi irBn :iD«r 



.(19—20 nitsy) I JS& 7 D^atr^ n:i D»rnn2 nay nuifiai n^ava viHsn (n^a 

. nnaSni pyS inaia '3 nn'u nooS iionn p (* 
H 3f » S K '3 n^aain njn Sap kS '3 nac^a in^ao n«'»vi tdk py *a mn yn< (* 

Sy pi Hin H^D r\Hvh i^D«n (nSvoS ^nnana^ 'anopipn rrny ^m) py njn*?i (* 

. 33 Tioy ,1 >e 7 c*a8>< Da nnrrn nni . D<«npnS vjaia (« 

. (30—31 nitay) I JSe 7 c^ar' Da D»rnna ^nDMn nnaya ntn dipon DUin (' 

. (33 iioy Dr) nur< oa D'srina Dfiia mn Dipon Diain (' 

. B^p\nn mtaa an*? ronr* »5 la'Ki n*?yoS iDfiiar pyS ni»on ifitto D^pSna (» 

nnatS <iSn nfi' nann trn^ca *io«on nt nm y*aoin o ^myrn mnan Dr (*" 

• (132 nioy) nSyoS <n«an irio 



pai D^:2nn j^a tiiS^n (* hti Hh^ , isip Sidd i(rK"i nn p'?Di -ji:k 

Kin irK , iTi2pm le^Ki n« pSo^ nSiy^ smsn is? -^^k qh ^d on^ra 
p*7DT ff)ijr nKtsns iniK -lar -ir«i .np^Sen nm2 ^nin pnr ^a nnn 

*(*^'12' «*^T i£il? *?inD WHl n« 
p3 jrn^ pKT D1K rn'iv n ttf^ d« hs^in ^d p ins (^K^trirr (*irjnNij 

iis?atr KSD' 'jriKn Sk N3n ^Di ♦D^c^ 'r u :^:i:^ hcdq mip:^ nnDJ 
"^SiNT »m2p} p^'i mi3T p:i j?t: nh ^3 c^d^ '£ nHD::j nr»m ♦c^c^ 
I^Ki '£3 -|in3 D^D^ 'D r^ ^3 , niiDn niYO nryj psc '^p'l napj r^'n 
urn , 's napjn Syi 'd nD?n Sj; ni:3pr. mi3t ;^d yn^ dki , 'c *iiiin 's 
mnyncn nscxn ^2 nvKi nr Sr «''2ni . di icd kxi dik n^^iv la pK 
k'^h HDKjr DiK Hip} kS DiK nmv vhv n^m^ir i'7''3 n^nnc? ny 
/nsYi;:n ^JB^^aSi itt^ai -njf p nnK .■'^K^spn m^aj^i ^:3\nn (*:i'?n:j 

. (ncr: k*?! rrnv ^b pKi nra^tD «spm n?£^« W d^dih iinn'' ym 
ly C]m^ -ip3 ir:: hS^dkd nnnb Ski»^ Sj; am idk f *dvd pS 
riK nnts^'i DiTiGro Sy o^^t^ni cmiay Sy D^jnan laic^^ pia^n ny 
n«iaja ("laa'nD nyi .]n3Kn t^k laya 'nae* idd n^'^'i^in p pKn 
153' nwrn ph 'inoD onmK C^^^k nnts^ piKn hn Dma nyae? n^^yc?^ 
h2 m in^Dni noe iKia^ iD«i »inKen i^dh ns ^a nn app^ py 

\:^n i«m '^add i«vi ipa SidkS iSai^ rK p ome^y nm*^ *S«yDr^ 
nSui mn Syr ynin^ /dtjji jn Sy '^^ 2112 '^'k nnji jvy cnoa 

,{ntn lain lan jky^ ipa n'^^a^D iy:D:ip 
jD^Kan D'^pisa ima** n^aiya £"s nscc mc^pD nr«i] 



,2 



J 



, (74 iiDjr 
pfiD2 StaiD 13-in ;k2C3i .i74iiqv er p^Sipy Q^rn tk piiKp^u s]^in nc cj (^ 

|iV 10K0 H^n p'rna htS nan *D Kin ni3«i , 1 3? 3 | 3 k ^ ts^ 3 n m 1 3 m k i : (80 
tOn^H* *]^im iipt ^sk *3k nn npS tj^z p in ^3 ni^n'? Vsi^ cSik .(62— :i no;,*' nSyo*? 

*sSn2 mj?a3 *'*33t »'» '^ 31^K (* 

S»H pm»*pTfi D'Din n? i^koo iivpi . ^'^s 'k ncj? 2,V2 eji mc nn« nr-i£ ar (* 

Wm ]^Q'33 nT3 innH i^Sm , m'?53i [hmS f-^n ir3 nS^3K idk ]:y '3 yii: 133 (" 
nS'31* i'Di XK nt5i«3 SN Kin Hu pCDS n» naySi , c*K3n c»pi£3 nw-i: *irK3 ^ooip 
myn 74 iny ds' lypm^^ nyns kSs^ mif ma Ktoa ^*Sk om^an ^K*an '*fi3 '3 f\H ipan 
nr m3i*3i . ; a y S'x > n*nrn 'jyo .-|D^: '1 mm * a ^ c '"33 1 ' d 1 * c nnn '3 nnij pS . (2 

e|i03 /inrroi is^i;;n 'd *7j;3t 'Din n3i3 noisS I'^y nHii , rrm icKan r\H nc ♦rn«3n 



, HT uD^e^ 13^3 n'TDT ':'>3po I'l^nys; 



r\nn p^nysn myta 1 :i 3 ''?ii* > ' . Manon 
* ^ K mpe3 n k '?*^ C* 



137 K'ts^in pyS mvon ibdd 

np'hon nK?a inp^nii riKrn nh^vr^ nnna 'wi .on^T '^ Sjr Cmin 
nt3'»nts^n idd Kin e^iyn 7\6 np'^hi^n nKr o 'm •(•nr ^:«)S^niDK ttkd 
Sy nv • nnn^n nn nK'»v^ nD'»nts^n idd nn ninn kvii • nnxi^ rhuffh 
nSnn nor loin nt^T ne i^D?n .ib^k pip Sd ^d 'itn • onai '^ nr 
ii8^K3i .iDia nts^r no T»3P p nnK .idt n^ »«•» -wk nn rw^v^ 

• Din nK D'»in3n pnK '•ia ^yyn'\ '^"^ ^^fiS Tpnn p m onri idk 
D'^^nan pnK •»:a ipin '^^ ^isS n^isv nnion -p^ Sjr viik onri idki 
riKom •mis^D pD nKtsnm d^dSb^ *?i8^ D^pSn 'rj oa tdk pi .\dt nK 
-iDKtt^ nr '•a dh^diti onmn hSk mm .pwi Djn .K^ri nietani .mp 
WK1 nK pSei "iDK "iB^Ki •IDT KVDJi nnDTDH inDpni .WKn nK p^DI 
nnn nK'»v'» on . naion i^p Sj; nKcnn did r{m^ hny kSi ifi'iy Sidd 
. nDnan ni30 ne^nis^n 103 om . msij^n '•ir n^K dt Kt^ nn imn 
nn nK^v'' lar aiy t6 .onaipn i^fi^D ik^^ wk py h^ ^d 'ini 
iK^n ^3 .DnDis^: nK^r .-na?^ nisij^n 'd hSk ^d mr nn rnTainSo 
nK'»v^ cr pi irKi nK p^Di DHD i^arn ib^k ^nSi nii'»Ki onaipn -nfi^o 
nna'^i piSo'^is^ wki np\n: n\nntt^ .Sdkj kSv n^ip Kvir c^iyn norj 
B^K-in ]^a nSfiij np^Son n^nnis^ C ^''S«^' nri • nnron hy inDp^i iKivn p 
im KVD^ kSi (* np'^'jDn n^nnis^ D''fitr^ nn . naron ^p Top^i iKivn r^i 

• DiT'^'^a its^K mi£5nD n^DKDH p3Dn (^ nv^h mm nn . ikim i^dd 
d:i n\nn pi .innnri }n:n iip Sk rtr^ i^k ip niiDnt^ i^dd S^nnn 
poSi • narDH ^p iDpv kS ^:5 . pn:^ nh wki ^k • e)ip nKon np'»SD 
jpdSi . nniDH ^p "lepv nh ^d nn ik>2i . nSaw k\t nKann nK? ^d 
nKr ID Sisn ib^k Dipen ^d nn -ik-'Di ("nSaw K\n nKonn nK? o 

"IDK . 1S"1P SiDD ^B^K-l nK p^DI IDK IB^KD . c^T.pn 'piD KIH np^^DH 

DK ^D e^iipn nis^pn nh np'^hnn "d nmn^ isipD idk kSi isip Sidd 
insnn ^iidk ii^kd Kim . imn nSir Kin -imn Sid n\T its^Ki . iSidS 
ip^^DnS s^iipn ni kvd** i^kd pDn ^d K^m , ^^-iipn pm rKin p ib^k 
ntrp^ -itTKDi .:iip fimp n^p Kin irK iKivn nvp Sid wki n\m 
i^H Kim . fiiipn Sid irK ("^ misnn k\-i cmr^ irK misn^ np>SDn 



iDKon nx K'2nS ^nraoi nh riKT S^ni . cro k ' » a n iniK n^Hiip tiyirn 'd Sj?21 'Din 
no«3 n«i . n ' 3 2 m insii iciDa nj . ;:;* era imD'Uin npoa^ui j^niKpTc iitk n»n 
ntrnca SroS p) k ' r : n 13 i3?:c* cnr.K riaipa ly? «)WnS i^oxi pr «in K'raner 

.(179 J 78 6)1 »"M »3n3tr 
Tn S;' mm o n-.s-.^ 'tdv C3t2«i .orp^Sa Duna pi mm Wt nxna ^ 
c'sjrcS B'entrn nn laKcn 'ran bSik .nmr. i mm nSoa c*Kipn nana wonrw 

.mm ,7^'^^'» ,min mSoa 

. laxr nj?w nana nKiaa jn ni:iinKn j?:iTKn niSan f- 

. nanan n;")^' nan nman »C3 Hin -['t'hi ]k3b (' 

.(n»3nS) cirS S'jfn n«i3 -;* .c^ma nSon ne iDnn 'Sir (* 

m 1 c n 2 S'jfT nKij (' , nccn nij?0D nSnn cnann iScDm ''jih ('* 



«^r:n pyS mvon nfiOD 136 

2 1 p y ^ 1 2 « iDu^ n^2ij;2v n k ^ -^. n c n n 2 « ]2 p] d t^ c^nn ^ijn .8 

J : r 'si'?K niD ^3 pi . n J 3 n n /: Otr'^Sis^ pi£5 b^ki , nnr ^jna) 

cniKn 'p^ (* lH^^hH ana Spa ^^NDpipn (' ^cv me nNa ir« n^ana ncK S'r 

. (•'^ "131 1310 n^n* kS iB^N ^^-|^ D'^om kvd^ Nim mm ts^inn i^S iK'^ni • [pSn 
.(D^Nnn Dpisn iNia** n^mpn nKnn nsce pp niiiN Dnn« D^tsipSi) 



it<P"^c 3-iE^K in«ioir; nn-ipnij n n n ^ p n p 1 ^^ ^ cann ^iJK .9 
. ^'^ (.€"€ ?i5fpn n'^21 , n D K I n K 



nxnnS nic '3m .nnrn mnia ,iDiyn ,2^aKn ,nvn n«Hi :S^io J^6 iiStu ^'a (* 
nipS isDKan >2 mytsn i': oni^o) nfh n'rcn py .nmvo ntro niawn ,apr 12h oiW 
nT3 pcnoD «in nKT Sia nms B»^ann >d sik n5?|:D:'ci . nSo2 nSo nSn 'iS 133S mven 'do 
nv 1C1D31 .lanon cr ^Sa nvnSna iohs ,('88—89 nioy D^nfioa iSvh nnn ,tid' Sd ^Sa 

. '3?S'5 TOi» DannS nnpy 
. yno * n i 1 K n 3 n nnn nvaio n«np f- 
. 1 K u H S K a K n 2 V'5t (* . c'ojTfi naa vina^.n 18^*0 t] d 1 » i a « h"^ (^ 
it3vv lOD lanon *a ik , ^'an p'nyo myea i« pj? nan nc looc^i 'a nna nHii C^ 
nH^a'? ^rxan naan ]*iva le^rj? py '"^ani . nc pxr nan hh^ H'an «Si 'aiiopp nan Sy 

. f 70 may) ^ar pnca 
vrii'cai .1 r * n t cd era p<n;7an n^aiaa na^'n lauina nipan ninjrn Sj? incoa (•* 

,>:r pica nSyaS »n«an minS -jriHr 
irK ^aivn la ixpnac^ nav nwnna Kipn niac^ rn^ca a^nipS hShh D^oipSn (' 
■i:fi«a ^"2 (nvavi nviv ni'ra anS ia iK^ras »a) naijrn n^aiaa p d;i nKi^n ^ca pnyir 
n y 1 r ^ ^7 nnrin^ n^Ki Sa ''ra loma p^iiKpi^ci , naie^Hi nc*D«a >fe 588 ncn nia*?an ncD 
mpaa ^r.'':;n -ti;* hkt .(71 Tiay) nmcDia -ipDS^cS ni^aianp vjipS ,»Sy p ('sne^' ik) 
nr.>* -ivi . "nnx nipaa 'nnainr iaa„ : nan' oe^i) , 185 ma;? i^'aKSoKJia n^Hipn nnSinS 
T,r2V) cr i"D3'ci , ( nra lan n^ainS «in na^fiKa SSaa dki nt mam hic»« h'h ym: nh 
r.v^'jai K-ia: hSi n^n nh 'hv p nyw 'a ]»aaS mmai ni^ma n^ainS Snnrn (78—80 
n jn r ^ yniin cann «in >naKn onanac' onnH nnian D^Hipn nanaa n':nnHn iS ion* 
Si* a>:e 'ra H*i . 'ri>m |>*n"S '"a na^^na r'ran nyn 05 «»n pi . Cc w m i n ^a 
'a'p'ra art . niS m^na n>Ki K»anS n>n Sra hSi Hiaai n'n 'Sj? p >'is»' 'a cnainn 
ipr.;*: nSun a^a'ip'rn -jh . nr '"aa cnn« o^oipS |>>ii«pTfi H^an (71 76 may) nviianp 
, 1-16 Bjna >»aa Kvai mn laiiam .^^yaipai jui-tdSi pma nSr 
«va3 ii'HS' ]:;• cr spia (^Ji Tiar D«^j nvaianp 'oipSa piHpn^c npnrna (*" 



135 K^B^jn ]2vh n'JYDn ibdd 



ntt^« r^« np^ ^3 noN hn 2w H^n h^m «S id« o "•oann mpo 
n^n DK nmn n? inK aa-n c^m n^o narS jfi'iK pK ^d j^ii .nts^in 
a'»^nnj p n^ n\n^ •»di . vdb^d h■y^ '•iSin Sy ddii c^m n^oa j^cnn 
^D «ini . vhv '>^222 imK «^vin ^d «^^1 • Sjdid 'yo S« in^nv n^nnr 
«^ K'»n DJ pi ."inis^N p prn n? nnK ws: yiicS iniK y^o ••d •ncK: 
ia pBnm .ntTNn hy^ tr'«n Sy *?un^ k^ Dts^mi .iniK yiJD^ ^Din 
'K y:D' «Si8^ «in nS'»ann 'yei .(^i8^^«n H^n aaim ne^Kn km dmih 
riDn** .Sain Kin ts^s: ""d idki .iniKn Sk y^an ^nSaS iTan dk cno 
D^a:y nSaKi . nv b^sj^ ^Jjnn Sk p ona ts^'n** '^"^ cr iitk niKnn 'tk 
Saa Dn'»Sy am Kin nn . ona nnaiio kmb^ niKnn kmi . ^y^is^ "iis^fija 
avK 'CK irK nr Sy nny iK^ani /:i ny Sdd im^ nm ';^ D^nyn 
jrnfi nr pKi) . onnK jiy-12^ n^'Syi innK 'dk '•a 'ro ^-ib^k -inK*? pen 

.('131 ^ey 2np 
13 1DK Kin o 'yo Dtr o^B^JKn nvpei .('i3i Snin Kin (^tre: ^d 'dki) .3^ 
Kin ^3 Sam Kin b^sj ^3 yn db^i .(*ninn inrK Sk ciKn m^* nh^ 
. ('131 pmi nr cii) . o^di3 c^Ssno ]D npv Sam nSo nn . pn nmr^ 



. (* nnnyn nimn irn'^DD ncnin SwitDit^^i ]iN:n Sjjn .7 

•^CK . nis^injni Sri3ni «iD3n pi 3nrn p itt^yen- riKvin C]2V 3^mi 
yii: K^r "^31 i-ieK3 cis^JKn Sy T33nS e^^Dini) . piKn p ckvv cnr ^:£:q 

.(UDD lenrnS iS n-ni .nrS inn3n no 



non HX03 Oman Srn «^T)»C3 a; ^3 kSdSi . {'h p^) yaunn nana ntso'? hhi (* 

nana a^Kan D'pncai iH"h ;o'D) r'axin nana nooSi (60,130 n'orj nSpoS nxn (^ • 

, 7\^iV nc^Ha nen '"aa (♦ . n«35 '] nav 'n 
mav n*3ir«nS pnaia '; nnantsa ^nacnn nnayS itsunn cv n»anra nonon cju (•'^ 

•'n ;r:'D) ^3«DpnpS nmnn c^iTca a^aipSa nS:;oS nnm ,(119m5?n ,44 



3-inn '03 "^DSrir: hS ^3 *t£»D . (^ ntrya onop n^^yh DfT^ kS d'Sd 

^3 'CK "5fpDi) *Dn:: wYrDi un^H nnsr^ «S itrx D^^:;jn om *n«Dia 

,CiDi riHciis ^Sap' on 

.Tn nr 3^nnj ^S^« ^d hdk irKi /151 '131 cnK^3 inn k^k n^'^nnn 
rn^ n^ni ]wn^n dih ptn dSij^h n'spn Kinr npe inrnS 3inn ]d 
niicrnn , (S^r ntrc n^^rn p pn isS icr *?j? vhn o^rnvD miinrr 

DiK ^23 ^3 ^jf nm-i mm h2 on ^3 yjD^ kS ii^i) .n^ pj? m 
D^^nsn hv itPJ* nmnn id3 . ^hnnnh n^ni vSj? ks"* ik^n nhn C D^mDn 

. (nr3 KVV31 onSni 
kce:h kS ^3 (n:j?a3) 'j?D3 cnKD^t: hk^k xS ^jk ^3 (^onnK incnn) ,1: 
nKDi[S3 iJDD kcd; «^ '3 'tr^ m ]t: ihk Kr nw ^3 jS' nn , '131 i^!:d 
py nj^i Sjf on ^wh 'r^ jd imdo^ nhr un^h]^ y^nn"^ pi .(-ipy S3 
,i3in nr3 kyv3'i (*'nD nKC'^D3 cncn en ^3 ^jsd .h't 
nK3 nnnn it ^3 Nim ,nn'!j?3 "|ien nr niPi? (*^D''D3nn nvpD ^3 pii •^ 
,1313 r^n^H -|isn^ n3p:S ni«3 nintn it ^k pi *n3pi3 imn npS 13?S 
Sr iniM 3"nn'' y^H mnp' nS:in «S ■)3rS idk n''3pn 'gk^ ^3 mm 
ppt: utr n^n dk} n^3K hy nnn nic idk^i , n^3« ny 33tsM wStr ^3 
mrr tj:« dj; 338^'? nh^ I3n Tnn it£^*< *:sg '2 ioki ♦ ijcd icKn inn 
*nmj;3 n3nn n?3 «y'i''3i ♦{^^icKSys ay 33rS nt£»«n Sy mcK imt:3 
ntt^K3 D^m r*H ^130^ «S it:« kS ^3 yi ,33-n o'^ni (^^Si3n* kS itJKi .«^ 
ncK p ':^jfi .nwD3 iniD3 ]?13 kSi .r3K nrn nK b^'-k np-* «S -idk 



.niHajns cn:sin smin nrn -i:innm , (51,58 iid]?) n'rjTtt'? P3? n^T i]i;i hmi (^ 

.prtn^D nnsinn nnytta an *i82 iitsj?) nSj^o^ i»->2i f|U nun , j:y*y in:T2 (^ 

.(83 noj?) nSjrtaS hki , py ^in dh (* 

. nEi '*rD nr dj C^ .(Q^Kxaan) D^ mi it on W ''?ii* {' • nci »'3 *d Sj? {" 

♦ nci ^*Do m D3 1 '^^ .(130 iioyi »:KDp-»pn nma nSyts*? n«n (* 

arm «3tQ3 Dn-t2 nonin Ss 'iny-i ^c*? '3 )3;*S ni^n;? ^jna nH^o^ ii^Kn isa (»» 

» nfi-j ^"a >fi H' nt aa (^ 



133 H'^mn ppS nivon -ifiDD 



r^nro Kim nm y^D onvpDi) . (* pK^i ivyo^ on^in onprni D^iiiiKn 

i^Sn omyis^n ]D «in ^2 'D« D'»D3nn nvpo dSini . (ntsnn p irK 
Dn^ CiDy B^nn SaNci .is^n p iniK "iinr "iiym .(*>:iy cnS ':r 

• (pim nn) .omyr 

D'^Kipn ]^D onei . p«ipm p:ain j^a one . s]i'?n (* nioivn n'?K2 e^'^i) .t 

D'^N-ipn p DHDI .^N DDnT p? 111 h^ l^H DHI •D'»^iiyn pi 

.("131 ("^ Dnvpe^ Dnvpe 

prNin rinn p r- ov on^nn .Cdv D'»y5r div^ iki'' c^JiDipn 
mv^nh 15 onfiDH ana cnSnna itrK ^is^^Strn ts^inn p :'3 or onnnKi 
.iDifina DHD CoTiD 2n2 Dnnn«i /lii onin'^n ^3 nn iMhi :i-inS 
nriDi nriD S^ai 'jr '?n: ^dki ibki p^^ lan^i idiv^ Sk-iit^ vn onni 
Ski ""^y leivi onnnKn 'dni ."i:ii i^en im ib^n oipD -i^yi Ty Smi 
^D^ Div^ O^iNin .Dn^yo Sy .dvi nS''S ce^ nis^Sis^ intrn *?ni iSaNn 
Dn^^y D^^p itt^N3 D^JDra nhnn cnien ""d^ nx c^pS 'w (^^o'^iisn 
nntTD ^c DniN idb^ nSnw d^dm ^:r ^DC^'-^oneyi /i^i m,Tn "ame 
.("131 (i*D'»asiN p pni^ nn) .(^®npyn meiv oniK lori nn nnois^i 

1DN N^i . »ptri ^Sd 'd« «*?i dhd hdn^d nis^y^ ib^n C^ 'h^ 'd« n yn) .n 
C'esnn isSnn:i .(niSc ^nis^ lar hzn .on^ nax'^D ntry^ 'is^N^'a 
r^ '•D .cn^ n^N^D nis^y- nis^K ^*?2 Sa 'nan 'd« 'b^k n nK-r* onvpe 



(71-- 2 me;') n'rro^ union Sk n^on mm '3 mkco pyS >iSn 'iS nais ^d lyc^K (- 

. p5? nm s|UO 

nSpoS p^ , in X? T ' c '^ : nrn aiptsn nnnninc' m i ;» n^siyn n^on ci;nn , loy 1 * 

. > n y T S nHiinn * r iioon 
.nn'ipn anvp m'rTU ^"23 (^ .nSn;*! ncn '"io m aj (^^ 
nn'n nrSi .(40 nioy; n^vo^ hkt ;:5? nv^^ mn av a^yae^ ai:? >2 i:;n> laa (« 

. p r -pn Sy nrK : nSyaS noKS *i^ nai^ 
: nan o nn a ii*?:-!:; ^'aa (" 
a^v ^« nSyoS m3s»e: a n : y u *? y niSen ik , 1 « *i * aniyc H* : ^"^ ^*?i« C*^ 

. ai^ a^yar 
, 'iKcp^.pn nana { 130 ma;*) n'^yoS hkt . p y nyn *cS p a:i «in amen ^a^n aisn (»» 
ir«2 anyn 'cSi ;H»n nc nriKiins^ amayi n^^nyn nhan auin Hin (*-' 

• nSyo^ ^mTyn 
. c ^ 5 15 1 H ':i ^Tn ('* . a n p y T 1 : iiStu '"ra ('^ 
naSa ncn ^'i 'C Sy (»* 



K^rjn pj^ nivDH isdd 132 



.j:vh )wr\^t2 ^)bn (]on ^^y laK nnnyai; ^i?y p hd^ CDnn i?SK .5 

Kn^niN^ (* w^en idk i^k (py p5 inor^) y'DJ ] i y '^ nryr id3 

.(•['njT ^y wrn Ski] tb^ 



.(M^ty mson nBD3 

''3 ]yDi HDiKH pnp Sy 7DDn (* omp .n^r^ nS^o^ ii^in •« 
13 D'ts^yon -nrK nyn hw n^n Cn'y (]^y) h Kir^ nvS:i riei 
•Tinyn n? (** ne^y^ n^ni . rorn nK'*^ inK n^r ^kvid3 Kini • C oniDK 
S« «Mn ny3 viw SiD^r ]'3 pifi ]^k Cidw .Sinn nKiBin rwviS 
1^3 n3rn DV3 oniDK o^ryon ^3 ••asD »rnn nyn D"np inw Sid^ ivk 
Sy -luin nn . m«^B: pBD iw •»:sd niofiTi 3^^nnn nS^on 3'»^nnn ^3i 
*3 ii3y^i .13 ivfin .Tn no yw kSi) .itt py leini niS^n vki 
.nins inSyD wk rT:iD-iD3 n\T rorn ki3 irw ^3 C^nm^ "^^ ^^ 
Hh nmnn mryS n»3^i ("d^dvi '3D 3rnJ lonn nyn ^3 ^^bd ik 
B^DB^n nK''3 inK iniK nry wk yrxT noB id3 nr nn'»i •nnman 



mn lOKonn .(1 nij^n 26 nioj? , 1844 oiKaoMDr .mar mano Dj^pm -Akiwd yamo 

. pyS m»on n» nonpno nnyrnn 'fi Sy nipS 
Tip^nn^K nSitpoa inry p nm 'i S»k pi) nw ^sn ^th ntm «nyn »i\ia (' 

. 1 r 6 n noiin (n»D^ ron.Drannanyw 
HKi .HiTj? p a"*! Sr mam ncns ^siyn ^w <fiS kw yiaT>K»n ^ara «pwn C 

. (139 Tioy) noo^i 33 nioy 7 now I o»mh d;i uwnn ^mano 
. 90—92 nioj? 0^1)03 ij^poa^fc^ nvaionp ^o^Sa »ns nSun o^nip^n |d n»p (* 
"iMini , >6 7 HnnDMV' k^ iiStwai ('« nft^Dno >l 613) nfia n'K«Mn ^'ao ■wrn ^niiam 
, nnaSn w naijrn n^ana p^njmn t Sy nM-un «fta may wiinon nuipa •vanna nin 
. *? H 1 n m » : iiStia '•aa (• • d n » p o i : now iiStna ^aa (* 
. (nn^DK D3*H) n 3 » K nSon nt nonn »a Kin nm dSw • iiSiw nn ^'aa oa p (' 

. (77 iioy) «3r piM nSyoS omaion py naioi fayn nijmrtMD m mamS Sawi 
*fi^j nc')?^ n^n mn tj^mpn D«p<nyon navia pa* oSui .nriy nSrw ^aa (• 

, nStw^ nM '•ao iit^aK^ • or Hjff^Pt Sf n ion niiSnSi ]Hao (» • (^ y 6 < | k a 'a'lyn 

• niii» n»n nin »a non n^iu **aa 0* 
ini5?B^na riifio lona nr »a pyS nunwi 'DifonnnmiAnVnnS^a mi-w nio (" 

. (77 *nDy) nr pwa r/mh run • vb* ^wS am) nirem par paoa 



.Lrf.'.r.^ 



.J 



■■:.? 



131 N^B^inpySnivDnifiDD 



.(*nnK nivDD inpno n^its^ ^nr^ dn nintsS Tnn nh^ 

inn ph^^ .r\:^ onis^y ]2 hy nhn *?n ii>N nmm ^no p^n o idki 

. (' D^:r ron p hy "^n 
li'K D'»D^ niDB^ iS n\n^r mip mintsn nonn ih^ no dk inyiSi . 

.(SNir'» ^VN) I^^VK imS-1 

.{yh ra Nip"*!) j^ikh ne^j^e 
no hx i^yt^n nKvin a^^n** pKn ib^pd ^di ^inan ^d C^^^^^ ^^ 

.("131 no 



.(»ppD p cn:D H' rnniir;ra to-^.n^ p tt^in ^'^•n .4 

\*:yn^ (eiipn nt2'»ni8^ -|K . Kin nts^nis^ pp wni n« phn^ mnsi) . p ^ d 1 
D^oann Syi pni n^oSn Sy p^^non ]:y o^ron k^ni ]^jy Kin nrn yin 
noKi . C® D^nan m'?va ts^ipen mnp w-i nis^N D^:impn Dnnism D^:ir«in 



. 'siyn t]U2 p T ^ H ( : y T 1 S H) y "t 1 S H : mSon riK-nn pan k^ (* 

,(58 mor) DP nt n; (* .(61 mayj n^yoS n«i (' 

. (n"p maj?) 'n o^Jic^in'? ]n2T . ta'S pnc (.?;; a"' noKo or (* 

moy) ':> mana D'iwmS ]ii3Ta ^nonn nr lanao nayn Dunnm ^avn 8)un (« 

vSh p ohi ,p5? njn H^n it 'd n«yn» ^jcn p jp"-! nana noaS n«ni ,(119 mj?n i4 

. on apr» laan nnan o» nnii . 75 may ,i855 pnaiS , aiaS p e^an niawn (** 
• Bfjn npS uaa mpmn <mi nma laii a'di 'a min< p njrw naia naaS hkt (*® 

9* 



H'^^n ]2yb niYDn icdd 130 

, ntrxn nK K-^vinS Kin C "i'>nca 3?n pn" ^n Dinsn nN-nn ^d idni 

.(']VD trnnS 
.(•■^(omsi) nb'>:ii2n ^d^ '»its^3 divS D^^m 

.(**DVa intDD tTDB^^ IDNI 

.C(mj;i8^ r^D) Dvi n^^^D nn^ cpse "inv noon ts^^etrn icki 

. C n:^'^7^h D^trin nts^Sr nn« nin nts^« ^p nu^ id«i 

•itTNin DvS :nn nx nm nnis^D (nos) jd^:5 irp nts^cn dv Sn d«i 

.(®niDDn :n nn nm pi .jd'^^d i^y ntris^ dv Ninis^ 
.(*^D^Dn h:; nhn nrx nNDion ^3 id«i 

,(«i(^«.jtS^ ^^3) ^^3 p «Dtti 1J'»K ^*?D ••D N>n "inpil 

.(**(niSi3) nm prn ncn p n«DiDn nK ^^51 
• C*w.p n'^n n^N n^DiDn inn^i 

.(/*D\nD DKDIDD DnND1D]^N IDHtrJ DK D^VItT niDtm nNB^ D? -|3Dj;n >D 1DK1 

ini 2Dtt^D (riNDiD) 1^ tr^ n^Kn (D^vntr) n^Dis^n p non '•d inpii 

•C-'^nii 3Di8^D yiz 

♦ (*® i>iDnD3 p:i:r ^d Sy k*?« n«mDn 3^!n k^i 

.(*'pKn Sy pfip^ -iB^K ly «DD'' K^ (non) i33yn ^3 idni 

.C''*nnD ir« 0*^'?33 'j^HT N*? «DDn DK inpiSi 

.(^^njncn "Tinn nvn^ mj nis^NS Tnm 



. ('45 Tiov; nSyjaS nni inn^ini pj? nan 5)U (- • 'n re Kip^i 
. Dnn«i 'Dim 'i^rn >^S nana nr pica nooSi <.'40 noj?; nSj^oS n«i (' 

• D^«an O'pica nooS hhi nr nniK (* 

.DnnKi nSn >i^ h:tH nooS nan* mo a;j (* 

cn^-itirra ]^rcro ;^m an o»B^np S«ir^ : ; h";; I'e t\i} natr ^Saa Tio'rn n«T (• 

. nnj^na nooS laiT nro (^ . nva 
a\-5ica nm n: dit-h nKi:» '] niv "i nan . r60 mtsyj nSj^oS pj? nai t]i:i hkt ''** 

,B'«an B\"3icai nr pica nooS hki (^' ,nnynai B»«an 
•in '3 na« B's^nen n^^no a^pnvn >a ('t niB^o '1 pic anv naroa iaT3 laa (** 
icD nxaio a^Sape b3>« a^on 'a n«oo inti , «^n nnna nnapn n»ao n«an D^on ne« 

, nny 17 "unw h^ htS innsini 105?b (^' , ic;;n 
:cia«o H^a^i (289 nay 'nmnoa; *i«Dp'>p aeipn^ aia:i ,auain nj^ia inti n- 
'crne a^ai iK'an nxaian Siaaa pj? nan . nine ]^hi nxoits |»k »ipon n^a ains^ avo 

.nooS n«i .a^Hipn 

.*S m:aio ]yK 'ai5?n tjiJia (moSm ^H) »id':ii ]q mSon ('-^ 

,^cnn n«ia aro 'a (6(5 nay) pj? nai tjua n'rj'oS n«i bSih (** 

. (42, 57, 60 no)?;) nSj^oS hki (*« . (46,49 noy,) bb? nr ba ('* 

inaa i« a^oa j^ni^ bk S'i (»** .(55—6 noj?) nSj^oS n: a:i (^^ 

.p^j? ^n»1 (41 noj?) nSpoS n«i ('*• 

. anintan aj? in^a nnyi laioa i^na^a '?kib'< nanoa ^"i ("-<* 



129 N^B^jn ]:yh mven ifiDO 



. ntD HNi: N^ V121 tsts^sD dSin . rsnD hy h^"* xSr n'^^n Tina wrun 
. C -I V n N-ip:n invD oipM SSennS pp mvi 

. (* in« •»^D2 «^i D^iBDDD nS^D nivD D^^pS a\^n^ 
DP in''D ni^pi n^n: ptrB nvStsts 'nis^s nS^en nj;a ts^enrnS mvi 

. Siy ('^iDin) Kin m n^Nn cn^in ]D im n^v nh^ ^d Sa inpi ^b*?'» 
iS^n) Kin nn nhnn onmn p inx nirj;: nh Smen nS^on dn ]3i 

.("n^jtr i^iD^ T»ivi Sip (Sip^n 

. C "inN DVD nSi v^mh i^v inx dvd (^ Sn:in dk SidS r'^m 

DV5 riN? mtt^yS inpiS na^^n (mr:in) '?«itr^ mS nDJDin hb^ki 

• ('^eatr trinS Dntrpi npnnK dvd a-'DNn nn ^p^h 3^-ni 

. (" i^^yn n:trD imx onnpctr trnnn «in eais^ is^-rn inpiSi 

Od« ninKi VD« mnN) mm nNis^S ync Kin o hn-ij vim db^bdi 

. C* noND nr v2kS pN DK V3N niTN nn nNB^S Tnni 
nni nr« K^n C*nmnN S« hk^ki Din^n n«-iii ""d «^n inyii 

.0^^n1^K 



nwra -ncK pSi nnra in'no nK'v^n idm jsj? '3 la*? 'th nr kS ^aKop-tpn ";h T' 

, cvS2 ]2 nsna nssS nmi . n^22 r^H^^iry 'rj; nisnn Kin niKra 
1 » n S nan Kin nD33n n^a *d ]iv nans f 35 niov > *2ir pica n^^'sS nm (^ 

. pinpna «^r now mm Hin p cm . 'SKDpip naiS mpan int ^'tiki , nj?io "rnM 
, n":j? 'riKs «in dm;*B^ anSi ^ i i >• an': nn^pi n^fana' nxca inr ^i naa*? n«i (^ 
. innsim pi* nsi inain -83,79 mar; »is^ pics nSjraS (/ 
|»a isrn: (3*'7p t]T nac; nas^aai . cnn nx -nv;"? nn'iC'y an ]ac»n'i nvSaan - ^ 

. (85 mayi nSyaS n«-) lai^v p> nmi , ;an ]«•, r.^:':cD^Ki pas n'r^an ^nx 
,h^D2h K\n (■83 niav nSj^aS) pj? ^vk K:«n»a n'ra r.Kiin ^r n>«i nta ^* 

, ajy 'm;*n hht .n^ar aye mrrS 
. iniaops I'ria^ ircKS n^n nSr ^a*? '7 
^3 laKi (HO maj?) an . nT2 ]iy nn cji:* (82 niaj?.) >3tr pnes n'rj'aS nKi (^ 
ricn r' ]:;* nynS o nr:!'" nnansi . n c^ ;* i n k 2 kSi an^n nx a^'na nnS « i ^ a r n 

. cniHis a^'riaan a>r2«n nxr ]>2i ijin pa 
.•su may nhyi^h, nn': ':^ar2 «^n in^r^ar n:;S miu py r>pn ^Six (^ 
. M » n p a •! » : 1 n ^ 2 S « B'2n;?n ancicn nma pi i:*: im: n^n nr nni* nj? i'^** 
» : in * 2 S K c^nvn anc'cn Tin py ara n3»: nn . a'annS ^3tr mx nn nnn f*' 

, B*«2n B'piM n«n . nnptai 
, imn »Kir: naiK Mine' nT2 ]BiKn vnan pnr.'? iSnnB^> a*'::rn S'n (^^^ 

.:91,10U msri ]:;• nan n^ro'r n«n (" 

.ri05mBr)'iB» pnfi2 nSvaS ]iV nan e|u n«n (»* 
9 



N^B^Jn \::;b niYDn isdd 128 

-Tscj Di (trsjn) Kinis^ 3i8^ntr ^d ^is^rni (i8^e:n dvj;i nine nniK) .« 
D^^jjyn nniN rci nm K^Dntr mi.T p nj;w^ nmn hdd^ hni) .d 



z^py* p]DP inx n^D^ysi) '• : w d p -^ p n n p >"• CDnn ^jjk .8 
zpsntD^xi ini:n^s nxriD '•niyn ncD^ oixopip^x 

pr "ISC iDi-in vDNi Kin ^3 ('*nrts^\n ts^Ni ""^Kn p nsDi .iriMn 
(mpe) iritr riN ij^t n*?i8^ -ist id ikvd k*?*) •nnap^ n^eiK pr^e 
Sn^nr nm . C iiddh \'^:y2 iw^ ne . C'lai ^j» n'^ir . o'^^nin nsin 

nurnn p nnx iniNve -itr« ly .nr npS n:K (raNi '•'•Kn) ij;t kSi 

.^Nr Oovea) 

K*?N NrD \'K : nr nniN Sr "leiNi '^p i2t nnis^D nnr*? -rrin Kin 
^K in:i3 -2 utrn ^n^D^-ic hpn n:ni .(***iNtr^ s^naa rnai pinan 

^2^.2 «in nT3 pr i^>•^^• hkis nra o ]:y nans ((>7 T105?) n'jj^oS hhi dSw (* 

nv:^snp ^s^in man '2nD2 'aiyn e)i:ia iihS ^nxvin nrn ncoo yiitnin lOHon mk (* 
Kr^iHTi; ^Knr»2 nin^n nmpS >fnanoa Dcn: naj? Dunna wota mxpi . K^Dina 

cipan *r,«2m , (;284 TJajr in«»ina) «•' p^o 'a pic 'm ioko ihwh^h 2«nD (* 
^«i2»^2 mriDn nnipS na«oai . Tn^p may) 'n mana O'jwkiS iiiara naj? owin oj? 
.c^H'tpn ay n3inm nin;iM p»r m p "kh ni Kin (' ,(11—12 n^ar) 
"lao K3fai . cKn ]a i'2i nxn ;a ]^a Kin nwanc' nn^n pj? nj?n >3 ^mre^ nr (7 

. D^nani nee <3ik S^nnan »k3< bvm nrS 
m^Sini nmu2 nnajrrw Dnnr viaia 'd nw-w ('a p'o) ^3M0pnpn nma naaS (" 

, nnin» ma 
. nr pica ii^tpn Ksraa or 13—12 niaya S'an ^maneai . ;i''< pic 'k ibkb or (" 
. (69 nay) <3r pica nSyo^ ks^ pro ntn lOKcm ,'b '» laioa (>'* 



• ' tt^'^S tr pis 



(.Kin :nnjn dik trs: -iS3i 
ht:) .(* ::Knts^tr nipD D^sS« nrcn id3 ^3 ('Wr pjr nm ^3« 

. C (^ « 1 ^ p 



iDMi annm ik n^mj^a Ttannasf nncon p anoKon n^ nr pncn 'nnnni T* 

pSna Kxaa nsin nniK -toKoni . ncDina naoS ik13^ po^aaS ni^an neD» n^aipSn {* 
D^eon nxiKS '"iai 'j maj? '2 b]t TT'^pn i^Sti; ) p a ' : a n k ar o 0^2 DDn:n Cinn icoa 

.'H mar 'n «]i (jSa 611) 'h hd'Dk ^t^n 
. iDion nHUB^a H^^ > d nSan 'S'.ki . aya D:»ai;a ^is^Sn »'* 
rrnSir.a maics nra nmH ns'Ki , ^myc^n »C3 nixan 'oa i^a^aa npS ]3r n^n 1 * 

(277 Tiay k2»ihii 'n; mS'n;i nii'rnn n:i matan n»aiyi n^nc ynaa at? ;i:inspr (* 

. (37—38 mar 't a^awKiS pnar ) n^iw:»n niairnai 
. a H 1 ^ p (tsnc» pr nSiT nnn b^'hj in S 1 r : launm n>mr- in niepian mSan (* 
nana bh '3 ]»a^32 naia n^air^ ^«tn 7\7\:inn ]^h nnnin 'C3i , n'anya rsaa or nr d:^ 



y 



.^^^♦jn py"? m::Dn ^sdd 



.nap ouinD D^«npni c^^-in ^ddh Svn o^Nnien vidnc 



o^^l^^^oo- 



113 f\h^ nvn—nbw 

73 nm nDiD 

5 (non:j— ioj7ty)* 

67,68 («1W) 

n 

74,90,93 • . KaKn^D TIH^^ 

8 nntnr 



nivon ifiDc 



124 



iwjr 



4, • .(D'»rii ong^iK Sy) 

71 onS— NHDn 

12 . . • . mnni niT3— N^HTin 

S^pr:(rDTiDy'i)ym 
(f KipD W) ?npD 

79,81 (rpD7 



— ^*^ 



123 «'»ts^3n ]^vh mvon ifiOD 



23 pec— pE^D* 

24 5-in— «")'DE)D 



42,57 i^iariM 



J% ' 105 • C?'^*3 F) DiKnn X5i«— "hwd 

|; 31 , D^^rj^D— «n'':niD .xn'^isro 

25. . nprynn per -PV^y ,| ^3 (e-e ^no nn^n «h) 

P Smith. n«n .nmca : ^^^ _ ^,^j^ ,^3_ ,.^3 ^.^^^ 

Thes.Syr.2975,p£cni :i 3^ _ .(nny_niH' .^Jyor 

■^ i* ^''*"'^- ' 70,71. . . .(nyiD,n3») 

j 21 ... . n?r .i3i?o-''no 

e ;l 28,29 . .n-jo ,Tip-«nntt'o .mms 

15 j?YB— KnjTiE j: 

r,47 . . . cnn— W'.nc ,«-;«nE i J 

28 nypa— «npE ' 

' '^ ,i 48. .laron np»a p— Ni'M 

' ,nn« — nm=nm:o ,m: 

2k \ 72,74 aai* 

, , i D^oa D-Hin D'jnr— '?rj=u)* 

81. .1TV bj; 22c- -C^yfi) Y 5 (j,,^„j 

07. . .>in,rp2-P^S',p^si 32^ ^ . . qiSa^ ,^nj-«i'i='3 



P 



72 cp^— '»t2*pr 



. N C N HNI- tOS Sp . ■ 

20 ?neipn.Dnp -t<n''^rp,^2p* 

26 -isp ru— ''^X^p I 73 i^hv ^OID 

37/^in,n^in .nSn-N-^.^iJp niJp I 30,31 in>— khd^d 

18 HNnp— w^K-^.p I *?tr D''Sn -nn) rnS— c^d 

85 cnp— ^<o"ip i| 117 .(n:5 SrnwpenBi -ii;; 



K'trjn ]2yb niven tbcd 



122 



T05? 



n 






73 nciS 

10 nfiD^.n— «:t<^crj 

25 *?3B— tt^oi: 



10,12 .... nH^hn ,2^n- t^HDT^ 
12 T3D .np;-|i3ip^ 



7,8. . 
8,9. 


. cam -'"nJ ,nNi: 
0'*?^^- Kn«^n: ,Kn^"n: 


44. 

117. 
79. 


, .D'vp ,;•?— N1N13 ,Kr; 
. . . niKpe?ie— "'^"'J 
.he ,rh-\Ttn n« ma— "lU 


114. 


. omv ,1V— ■'io^: ,NiD'3 


11 . 


. . B>;ijn n»'J3— K^''3* 



I: 



47 2?nD— N*2i^M* 

H . , . . . (n^n ,in« 
116 ... nhnp .mr-^^^V- 
,D':£: ^3 ^r ,isi« S23— ^t'D 

108,110 [113 

47 . . . ^3«D po— ■lDD=t<20r 



*? 



,nr3 yi ]^«— n:''^ ^pc: ^b* 
35,103,109 . .«in iniD 

51 . . . .mSv— n-o^ ,K-T>> 



45,59 . , H^: -n-i .fc<-^- ^^-^s-i 

n 

48,83—4 (DB? newn) iniK— T.?^'""' 
77, . . le^n— «i2n ,K-^.K2n 

I 27 nnnn— nn^'-n 

'n 's «in=in 

=1^ ^Nin ,-|r^ sin ,-|Di?in 
'n 's . nr riKfiD .pS— -jD^^n 
"1 'fi «"»^=^'^ 

. 4,i4,8t> nrn pr^ 

; 58. . . i^K ,n^«— ■i3n="|/n 
I 43,79 . . p d: ,d:i~ '^^sn en ,cn 
; 2f>,32; . . . .n:nrn -j^nu^n- 

T 

«n^33rD n«-i— p) 
9 . . . o? n^y—(hn) "^'^ 
,nr« by H^—t^p'p'i 'pp^ 
27,29 n«^3 



. (♦ i:y^ n^2ion iddo o'h'^T) m^Kw 



88 n:^ s^y, 

107,114,118 

72 .... .(n"»3ir) 

TDD. . . nD«--Nt5« t<p .KD«* 

10 nvD -KniD« 

8,9.'?3n— ^ons .«DrN i«D^n« 



26,83 . . nvSoe ,m«^:}— Nn«^b 
44. . . ?p3n ?n«ri— Wp3* 



s 



niDP 



30,31 . fviD .pn3— '^wnn .''WinK 
.^h nvme— nnn«D 
48 . . » . iinviivnD 
114 ... .r"»n /iTfin— K^:iK 

mni D^epB DK— "»K=1K 

119 .nDKi— (?niDK ?-lD^=)ntD1K 
80 (D"'D3DD— PW) 

9,82.mvp— '•Dnc ,^Dnc« ,'»Dn'^CW 

84 ?D^pSn 
"1 '£3 . . pn— K^*<=«^^« ilN^'^W 

80 ^ne— no^K 

9. ^e?— (^DP .«!?) si"'r=n'^* 



1H iioSni Di:nna niMXOjn niSon tjji nfi »nori n^oiKi d^^pa »nSan nrpaSi (* 

^B3 ]n h*,:^v *«^na nifipioni ,2313 p^a ^nj^x pj^S nnmwi niSom .natn nnur ji^ie 



K^ts^:n pr^ mven tsdd 120 



Dj^-ir ^21 nil p tr-'e^ nyi 

S31 ntriT3 (*Dn^ D'^Dip .Cyjs^ 

.(*-lB"ID ny IDT 

. HT a'HO 1 ^ n niK Stvt ta n S i 
ncnn 'Sihi . h 2 t t ie3 n a i ' t (' 
niH riK npi aKi . (nnhv) p n *? ^ n nSon nc 
lien' '3 noiS intaxi nw Cn3i\i nnp: 'lisS 'n 
. m'ja no3 nc 
. TTinn '3C3 Kin i c 1 d nSon a; (* 



. ^onnS ^eD^ Sssir mn- 
nSo3 <3 »3BD 'Sn 3n3i , n n id3 (^ 



119 



«^B^3n 



]^yh 



mvDn ifiDD 



on^i n^ «VDB^ v:i73 nnics «S d« •d 
ninnD ncD nh ^riDi noKi .Cu 

Kin mniya nr« dki . i^nr ly n^ 
p nn«i. w^in ne^^r n:cD b^tis 

nan D:n "[n^D non nn^r ^e«S mw^ 
n^h^2 ^3 i:^ j^nim .('0^^1:6 nnn 

(:^«n 'T nDN nr -in«i) .r: 

nnw n^roi m^i nh jni: Kinr (r'lin^) 
^•£3j;« ^3 (nmn'?) 1 n ^ 3 d nD«i . in^no 
n« n^ ]niie^ oiip n:DD r-ns Kinr 
n«VD3 K\n (DKr Sds) ninn^n nsD 
(* ^:i^s ^:n« : n^ nnis «in pi . in'^^n 
^iiSfi M n^ii^s n« ^nnp^ ^iiSs p 
^^3 on^i rm n'^n^yii n^nh 'h 
'•nn^i mnnD -i£D n^ '>n2n2^ n:^ii 
^iiSis n"'ni^r nri . 'n"»aD n^nn^e?") m^i 

IDD '•3 . ''^:i'?£5 • ]2 "»:i'?£51 ^:i^£3 ]3 

on nD::^n h^ w^pn (;ihyt:h) -ieN:e^ 

. C D'HW^:2 nr« ^3 h^ D^pHD 



.n»T: 



p : 1 H a^inr^ '"ap rjj^ 



»3 sinan ;o pv ^a^ Th >*ni3 hS (* 

. ^B'^;S n^na Hin 13 n»cn na^H H»n dm n: 

131 DW na^HHi S;*3n ]»3 Hxoi h'tw iv 

;?n: h^ p;; n>n »cS n»H a; now (* 

.inn aipoa laS 



'onHH s)i:jn 
Hrf'^o 'h^D(^r\2 m^Hi n^ryn Kiets^ 
j^3 nS B^n^D (^nu^ n^^ xn^a k^i 
n^3 K"»av K*? ]'^2^ Kin ni ^av k*?-! 
ninnD ibd n^ ^riDi kdk Kpi .K\n 
(^n-i^n p p^Dfii KnfiD n^ i^n^n 
K^n (T ninnD -ibd n"»^ np Kpi , nbnh 
. ni:3 Kynr rr'K K^n yTi nr nS n\n2 
>Ki Ki^n ij; nS 2'nD nh K-iij^a '•ki 
>ni"» KnSn ("nra e^ns k-i^j^d «S 
(lyiiT'D ^m"» KD^nnn n"»^ rriD -nm 

d:i ^nS^ lan nn^r idkS min^S ijn 
KnSrii ]h j^iiD Kpi 0^3131^ mn n^n 

(n^^K nom ^Kp dd) .r: 
in'^iD nn^B^i nT3 ]n:i kdk Kpi 
.liT^D n^ n^trai ^»KTi nh :3\tt 
< a nro e^nsi 2:1 hy (n eiKi in^M kcki 
. K>in in"»3i (; ninnD nsD n^ n^'nn ^J^ 
^yh^ p "»ii^B ^^K n^ yr\2 (n'pi 
ntt^K^ "»^ ^:i^£5 r\2 n"»3i'?£3 nK ^nnp^ 
^nnriDi nrni ^rn onm vni n\i^3;3i 
n^nnSe^i {^' m^i ^nn:i ninnD nsD n^ 
^ii^fii ^3i^£5 p ^:i^B n^m^r nyi ^rr'na 
^3 noan D"»pn idik '•di .^r^e p 
.]^Kw^:3 i>jirK ne^K ^sn o^pn 



, n ' 3 niyo3 <''3p3 ('h 

nn:i3 nS c^urs ^'pa (3 

. n S ^ n r'i3r3 ^"sp (:» 

. r. 1 n » n 3 ion »'3p (t 

. n ' 3 a nu*a3 <*3p (n 

.VT^rio 183 fi 

, m < 3 n ' S ''sp (t 

. 8] H 1 ^''3p (n 

.HM'O '''3P (O 

. iDn ni n M 3 ^'3p (* 

.^ai 8^138^3 ^''3p (M^ 



K-'rin 



pp*? 



m VDH 1BDD 



118 



ninyi c>ttr:j >in 



nrr HDD i-nDKi nnvi J'lfiKT 

"»D .m hip2 p niDwr (pnvi^) 
i^j^i -iDKJB^ Di Sp pr*? Kin r\n:v 

^v« n n 3 y ^d i:^ idSd (nn) . (* di 
.Kin Di '?ip m^DK 

(t'^Kn 'n^ -iDK nr inKi) .n: 

ictt^ Kipi p '•D (nnin^) ^y^n p^n 
«npj ^3 .*?>nr^ p Kinn non ^r 
opn*? nDwr nen ^p now iDr 
nn«) p nnKi . '?K'nr^3 db^ wk^ 
-D hzh Hmnh mniD K'^n (nv'^^nn 
ncn nr« n-'nn k^ idk^v nvnnr 
.f n-^^y Kr nDi^ nr r^K^ ninnn 
«-n n^jiD"* n^'?^ non^ Kr «*? dk ^^k 
mn: noi^i . n-rpi nr^'n ^^S Kwn^ 
iniTK DK rn:iDB? ^d hM (nr^na) n?i 
ninnD nsD n*? 3niD» ny mn: nr*^ 
. W2D nniK n*?t8^Di nTi n*? ]niii 
n-'ni n'^y^i ne^K e^^K np^ ^d nowe^ 
nn «ve ^D vj^yi jn Kven k^ dk 
]nii ninnD ibd n^ ^inDi nil nny 
np"* -D :-iDK .Cin^M nn^e^i nT^i 
K^ DK ^2 nKij nm . n^yni nrK r-'K 
1^ ni ninnD -ibd yiv irK nhy2 
.Dnyi nmK 'tim'? 

(:^Kn 'T nDK nr inKi) ^: 
]n Kvcn K^ DK n\ni ncKi 
(yT^n^) (*i3i nny na kvd ••n vry^i 



• 'H T^a or (• 
. 'H Ta dnan (* 



(n'?'?K nenn ^Kp dd) .n: 
nry^ nDD niDKi nnvi kdk Kp-s 
K'nDKT WK n'^n riK nj:^'' kS 'nrK r'^K^ 
K^pn H^jt^h nnvT "^n kdi K^p^i 
^K nDKi D^Sn ivi yrinn Kin kdi 

]^ 1D:iD Kp D1 ^1p SkiV'' r-^K h2 

^HTi bn '?ip («nTDK nnn nwy"r 



(nS^K nom SKp on) .nj 
SK'nr^:! iDr Knpji kdk Kpi 
K-inm (^nv^iff npoi hv:n p^n n-'a 
^y lor K'npn ^nn ^kw^ -^r:! KnnD 
D» vhkS Dpn*? :3^n3i D^Kp Kn^o 
^^iiorK*? Knnre p nn:3i .^K-tr^a 
nrK n\nn k^ ynoi n^ Kn^^n '?3*? 
n'''?y Ky nay it r^K*? nvinn non 
KMj f^K^jn** n'^hy ni^T ny nh Kn 
Knnro ••nn:! non^ .n*? Km^i ^jn*? 
KnnrD K*? inrK »n:iDn ]kd S^k 
n^, n^n^i ninnn ifio n^ anm ny 
np^ '»n n-^nm in^no n^ n'?ri2i KT'n 
KVDn K^ DK nTii n^yni ne^K ^trn 
nnni im nr^y nn kvd ^n vryn }n 
. in^no nn^n m^n ]nii ninnn leo nS 
KD*?K nSym nrK r^K np^ '•n kbk Kp 
(T ninnn leo TiifK*? nhy:i k*? -k 
• moen:^ n^^^^D Dnyni 



(n^^K nem ^Kp on) .li 
]n Kvon K^ DK nw kdk Kpi 
K*? ^Kn nm nny nn kvd '•n v^'^y:! 



♦ 1 o r ^ap (a 

• p * a Bnara '^ap (a 

. ni n ' 1 a tdh t'ap (n 



119 



K^r^n 



pp^ 



mvon -iBDD 



mnyi c^iy^ 

»T2yn Dmnn ' j 

on^n nn KVDts^ n-'j^^ nn^a «*? d« •d i 

ninnD -i£3D n^ insi nD«i .(Mn 

"»:sD (^ n 1 n ^ n 3 n fi D in«-iipi . nr^^ 
nanpn yn^ yT}^ ly n^ nniD irKc^ 

Kin miij^D nr« dki • iSne^ iy n*? 
p nn«i. D^e^in ne^'^r n:DD e^-nfi 

n:n c:n "[n^D non nn^r ?tD«^ nmn^^ 

n« n'? ]ni:B^ Dip h^dd ittie) winr 
n«vD: K'^n (nwr Sd3) mnnDn nsc 
(* ^ii^s ^:«^ : n^ nniD «vi pi . W22 
^ii*?fi M n^^i'^fi n« "»nnp^ ^:iSs p 

IDD ^3 ."^^I^B- p "»3lSfi1 ^:i^s p 

on HD^^n ^e^ D"'pn (rhytih) -iD«:r 



h^^ Sao ]^His^'in la^p maie^ S'l (^ 

;mi hS ]i>* n;?T 'c'? nm m; now (* 

.inn aipoa naS 



^3n 

n^3 K^iv K^ ]"»i'i Kin nn ^nv k^i 

DinnD nfiD n^ ^ddi «d« xpi .N"»n 

«^n (T ninnD iejd n^^ np Kpi . n^nS 
. nu3 «j;nT n^K nhi yn ly nh 2'>n2 
^«i «nSn ij; n^ 3"»nD nh «-i3j;d •'«i 

D"»rin tt^i*?e^DD \i^i rnsi ntt^«a ih^ 
d:i ^n^^ idd nn:? -5D«S min^*? i:^i 
«n^r3i ]^ j^TiD Kpi D^:i3r^ nin n:n 

(n^^« nnm ^«p en) .r: 
in''3D nn^ri m"»3 ]n:i «d« Kpi 

(o nro rnsi 3:1 hy (n sikt in"»::D ndki 
. «^in in^M (' ninnD -isd n*? rnn ^J^ 
-ii'^fi p ^^iSe) ^i« n^ rnD f>'pi 
HB^K^ ^'? ^:i^fi M n"»ii^B n« ^nnp^ 
^n^nDi n:"'3i "»r3 onm vni n\iSy3i 
n^nn^B^i (^' m^n "»nn:i ninns iejd n^ 
^3i^£i ^ii^£ p ^3i^s T\'n)h^ nyi %n^3D 
^D HMn D"»pn iDi« '•31 .'':i^s ]a 
.^WB^^ii i>IirN ne^K ^Di D''pn 



, n ' n niyoa ' 


^apa 


!'H 


nn:in nS a^uiya 


^''pa 


('a 


, n S ' T B^inirn 


^"ap 


('j 


, n in » 1 a idh 


^''ap 


(1 


.nno m;;aa 


^"ap 


(n 


.VT'i^C 


5 10a 


('1 


, m^a n'S 


'•ap 


(t 


.flHI 


I'^ap 


(n 


. n ^ 3 » 


i^'ap 


(a 


. iDH n 1 n ^ 1 a 


^'ap 


fi 


.^0 1 B'utra 


••ap (h' 



K'>»jn \3ph m vcn tbdo 



118 



n^T r^22 mD«^ nn:yi nD«i 



(n'?^^ ncm ^«p an) .i: 



'•2 . Di hipi p niDiKB? (ynin^) j N^pi Kitt^^^ nnij^T *2n kdi K'^ps 
^:yi ncK^r on *?ip ptr*? Kin nn^j; :, ha ncKi o'^i'^n ivi rnDi «in kdi 
^ip ^«-itt^^ r^K ^D Sk iidki ciSn 1 ]h nD:D «p ai h^p '?«nr"' »"'« Sd 
*?VK nn:jr ""s i:^ iD^^e (nr) ,Odi ;: ..«in di '^ip f^nnTDK nn:: nnwi 
.Kin an ^ip ni''DK i; 



chnn '1'' -iDK m nnKi) .n: 
n'-i ^Kntr''2 letr xnpr :nDNi 
ittr Kip: i^ "2 (nnin^) Sr:n {*i*?n ; 
K-ip: ••3 .^Kir^ p Kinn nan ^b^ ;j 
D^pn*? -icKjtr ncn ^r idk: loe^ ;! 
nnK) p nnKi . ^KnB^"'2 Dtr vrkS 
"c ^^S Ktr:n^ nnniD K-'n (nv"»Snn 
ncn niTK n\nn k^ iDwr nvnnr 
.Cn'hy Kr nor n? r-'K^ nv^nn J 
K'-n n'?")^"' n-'Sy nc^'* k^"" kS ck Sdk 
n-in: nM^i . n^ry^ ir^n hzh nmnh 
intTK DK tn^De^ "u ^2k (nv^^n^) nri 
D'^rns ifiD n*? inisr ny mn: n:^K 
. in^:iD nniK n^trci nT3 n^ ]ni:i 
n^ni n^rni n^H e^-K np^ ^d idk^ip 
n2 KYC "3 rryi jn KVDn kS dk 
in:"? ninnD iejd n^ ::nDi nnn nny 
np"^ -3 :-)CK .(^WM nn^ri nT2 
K^ CK ^2 nKi: niD . n'^yii ne^K e^^K 
^h ni ninnD isd inv irK n^yi 
.any:: nniK -nDsS 



C^Kn 'T -ir:K nr nnK^) .i: 
]n Kven k^ ck n\n"i :idki 
(yn^nS) (* nil nny nn kvd o rry:3 



I 






(n^^K nenn ^Kp an) .n: 
Skhb^^^ iDir Knpr kdk Kpi 
Kinm (':in"»De^ npDn ^y:n jn^n n-n 
^y ice^ Knp:n "»2n ^Kne^"* ^i-is kd'^d 
ce^ vnK*? D^pn^ ^'tidi a-^Kp Kn-D 
^isid^kS Knnrc p nn^i .^Kne^^n 
ntTK n^nn k^ ^^ddi n^ Kn^n ^D*r 
n-'^y Ki^ nD3^ nr b^^kS nvinn non 
k3d: (^Hh2' n^hy no^"* k3^ k^ Kn 
KnnB^D ^Dnn nD3"»i .n*? Kn^n h:ih 
Knnts^D K^ ine^K e^n:Dn ]kd S::k 
n^ i^nn nw\2 neo n^ ^nsn ny 
np"» "2 rnDn in^io n^ nSvei Ki^n 
Kvcn K^ DK n"»ni nhy2^ ne^K »••« 
isDDi 121 nny nn kvc '•d rry:: jn 
. in"'M nn^ri n^^ ]n:^ ninnD n£5D nS 
kdSk nSy^i ne^K e^''K np^ ''d kdk Kp 
CTDinnD nsD ^nv kS 7\hy2 nh "k 



(n*?^K nam ^Kp Dn) .i: 
^n Kven k^ dk n^m kck Kpi 
nh ••Ki nil nny ni kvd *d vryi 






117 



w^r^n inyh nivDH -ifiOD 



nviyi cw: ^:n 



hy mS Kin ri^Snr idd ^d . ^ i d d n 

p d:i («iDDn) ^3DDn «]« ^un '^o 

. S:nn ^d hy v^^2h 

n^KH n D e n n« hdid kih '•d k i v 

(pi) mSin K-'H ('••mn trin^ «in 
^ 3 in n n« nvSin nrwi noon n« 

]^n ^SdI . ]^"»T ^^JD*? Dni« HDID «in '•D 
DH D'^vSin ]^«1 13^i DDIK pi D"»V^in 

^r iD«r Dipe:: h^H . vnnne^ on^^n 

^r no .('le^s: m^« ^e^^ ^d iD«ir 
^« e^fi^n *?D niDH (niv) a^s^n ^tr 
Sy:n h^ nv^^n On«iM) Sy: ^e^ ^ «^ 
p^i .i*?r "»nn:i pi i^B? noD p 
i"»n^ ]w^3 i*?:ii hyD ^hy: nv^^m ; id« 
K^i li^i noon pi nv^in w-'n ^d 
«"'n noon DK Sa« .^nmn n« 
iiDD -D . (D^bm ••nrD) Dn^:r nvSin 
Tm jiB^^n iS:ii hyu i^y^ne 
(* ^^:I1 ^yD nn^:} «S i^y^i db? ninDi 

D^ ninDH I*?!;:! 1DD .iw \\}th2 

«!« T'n^ ]irSn linsi D^ii Sr iD«3n 
iiD«i .noon ^3e^ Sj; Kin nr ^y: 

h ^ ^v« '^^K . liiTTSB^ iM "» i 1 1 :i n 
Iir^3 yh:^^ hyt i^Sy: :inD 
^niu p^nS 7ive^ (nmn*?) d^di 



I «i« r^n^D «si:i («n"'^'iD Sp «rinSi 
. (:i »^3*? KyiD n^iD ^y ^d: "»:dd 



(n'?^K noni S«p on) j: 
wv ^vi^m «"»Dn nv^ni «d«i 
Krr "D ^^DD ^^n^ ])nh ^did «pi 
«in ^^Dtt ^^ '•aii:i D^D ^«i nonSoi 
«pi iin^ K£3^r K*? ^nii:i pnS Ks'^e^i 
nnin^ n"»^n^ «rn HTih \\nh ^did 
pn^tt^ «S (T iTTnni ^^kdi n^S i^nSa^i 

m^N ^B?" >2 3^031 pi^^r ^Di ^211:1 
HQhn^D B^s: nSiD a^sn ^b^ hd ws: 
1^3 ^i^^^DB^D ^y: n^^iD ^y:i ^r ^^x 

inning ^:ddi i^n^ ]wh2 1^:1 ^pe i^y: 
n"»iDD h2H ""^lu^ i«^i pnS «£*?B^i H)n 
^hy: «Dn rriDi ]^^S (^ kej^b^i in^iin 
l^yii ann ^^n^i in pr'?3 1^:1 ^yn 
HD in i^Si 1^:11 ^yo nn'?^ nh 
nnD«i D^«p «in '^yi onni -j-^ya 
in"»iin by by: (r^ ^^«n pi« in \wb^ 
eii^rn «^i in ]wb2 nncKi D"»Kp ^^do 
Sb^ nni ^3« i^rnsi ^dm ^3 011: 
«mi pB^'?^ 7^:1 SyD yby: nns 



. » ' n '"ap (n 














mHpotic ,n:j2 Sr a^Sii 'na n^onio (' 




1 
1 






.imjj '"ap f; 




. ( qyjiKH , ;?6conur; 




, 


n^n^ 


m MOT '*ap (n 




T'^r^*: *?s^ Hipi DK1) .I'Q 'n :?trin» (*'* 










.Han: »*ap (n 




. ('n 'a 


niotr 


nr 


iwmn 


MCS 


trn p iDH '"ap (t 




. 'T ra^a tanm (* . 'n r'a avH (^ 




1 
1 




.K2M B^ins^a »'3p (t 


. ^irn 



»r:n pp*? mvnn ^^sdc 



116 



kSi -[ ^ 1 :; 5? 2n:3 h^t n i j^ tr n 2r\2 
(* n c *. p s 1 >♦ BT ^K ^. * 3? n 1 j; tr ^nD 
Dr «venK;» Dips '?a2 OJ *3 "S tone 
p iT2 D^e^c ^:njN ^Kir^Q n*?np 
]'Ktr cn^in ^2 ,c^^p on^n di£^*? 

(Brrr) D'^jpn dm2 ^Sj;3t .ni^SnS Snir^ 

D^:pT2 ^t (mK) u ^^nn o-^prn ^k 

not •D^rnn ^:£*? ]:j nnoiK K^nsr 

]KC n? '2 -|S yn'^D KM ^er n2H 

1*^ iKnpi :iD«i rc2^ n2« k^ «in 
n^Kmptr (yninV) , vSk nnii n'^y ^apr 
nn:«o hdS. : 'r^ Dnc>«^ ]*""! n^2^ iiTK 
^Dyi : "iDKi '< ''^Kir^2 Dtr jnn^ D*pnS 
Kintr (nninV) nnnpS 'nven k^ idmi 

nvSm D^jprn ^j^y*? r^« lic2^ n«r::i 
{inhh} T:t2 npi^i -r^jn S];d ^hy} 

H*^ ^2 .''JS3 nppnf i^:io i'^j^j ^^ 
C3\^DStr ^^2 Hh lOK^r (/ « : c D K^n 
, ('"^ T»^^i S;;s r(r\h2 nh l^hy:^ or'ryD 

Dm noVtt'^ non win Sy^n '2 jjnuh 

, m^i73 101^ yiitu S*T (* 
, '1 £s''3 Q^-iai ':^ 



I 2n2 Hh\ yiyt' 2n2 Hh^ myrn 2n2 
I ^^ Dm «p HD^pD lyr :k i^:^n lytr 

I «n*?^*?p ^S^D jTD*:^ Kjn n^3 jrp3p 
! '2^n ^D »Si2p pnn d'h h^i ^*?*o S^ 

-|S Dm Kp D'^pr:: m r\'2 ^£t: o^^pn 

n£DK 2\n2i '2 Kc« Kp n-Dn D^:pn 



(nbhH noni ^Kp en) .23 

D^rtS ^M^ |KD mD«1 HDH KpT 
K1DK1 ^03' n2K kS SkhK^''^ D^ VOkS 

T3' n^K kS kdk Hp^^ , ^^n >n ^Dp 
^S yiio Hp ^D2^ n^K kSt kgk kSi 

or I^K^ Q^pn*? ^03^ JKD (T"Kni 
KCK Kpl .Kin ^D2^ n^K kS Sk11£?'^3 

n^^ npi r^K 112-11 iry ^:p? ^^ iKipi 
nniKD nn^ n^S ncKi K^n n^iS 

KOK Kpi .'7K1Ct^2 Ctl* -J^kS D^pn'^ 

D^Kpn nnnpS ^nvcn k*? idki id^i 
nE*j:i KCK Kpi . ^2n kdki ^n ^cp 
iSj73 nv^m o^jpn ^:^p*? v*?k inD2^ 
inD2^ Kiipi v:£32 npin '6:i S^'C 
n^ynDO n^jDS n^S ne^ts^i ^rn *Dp n^2^S 
2^n2n Kin kjdd hyn .n>£K2 KpTi 
kS -j*73;ji DD^SyD D2^noSr 1^2 kS 
^ro nnSr2 KDK 7^11 Sj?D nn^D 
K^en '^y:! f^-j^niK*? ^j;t: *:»jy:2 kdki 
(1 p^ ^21 ^:dd tn^^: w Kin nDSrn 



♦ H 3 ^ n fni?c3 ^"3p (K 

, n \ 3 1 C 3 ^138*3 '*3p (S 

. < 3 m »"3i3 (1 



115 



x^e^^n pjr*? niVDH nsoe 



'I 



nm« C3"»^ i:dd {'in nnp wvc: «^i i (^nDi^'*'? n^ro n^S ::np kd^« n'?^ 

nppim iSj^i iS nv^in «''m (p ^"i'^^) !; «''")ntrD nnm h-ej^d n"»S «pTi n'':DC n''S 

{^&n^ «S DK1 "icwtr . nvnnr ^d ^d^ nn^yi inon'' n« nnp^ r'^Kn y^n^ nh 
inor nnSyi incr riK nnpS e^"'Nn ' ]kd hidni o'^prn ^« niye^n inen^ 
"•or ]«D n-iDKi D^:pTn Sk myrn I n2« kS ^Kir'^^ctr I'^nxS D^pnS ^w 

inDD"* ntriii nnnpS ••nven x^ idki 
nrr" HDD niDKi nn:j;i v:fi3 npi'-i 

niy^n inon^ nnSyi incr nx nnph 
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hy^ Tttit: nn^yi ick '•2 .open 
nn^pi n£ ^idd ^3 idx: p n^n 
.(^ Dipcn ^x n ^ ^ r 1 ncpi or ninDi 
p p n"::^ xin rr-^yi iniKtt^ icd 
or ^nx .p rr-n^ Kin nr nnSyi 
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idk: d^^ ^:£5D . D"»:pn Sk nins nsi 
n£i tripDn rr'i n xvDitt^ ]DTn Sy 

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^253 1^ ]nn Dnairi D't:sir -icK:r 

i 
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)hy^ nv^ni D'-jprn ^ryS v^k inD^"' 
niexi nnjyi r:Q2 npi>i iS:ii ^j;d 
n^3 n« n:r k^ iitk it^k^ ntry'' hidd 
t'l^n n^i SKitr''3 idb? Kip:i vnK 

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D^xp xn rT'n '^yi DV1 xp nn^ri 
nepi DDH D-nsi nn'^yi Ksn n^n^i 
n''::S n^^^yi ^kh hd oipcn ^k n^^r'' 
Kn rr*^^ nn^yi I'n ""^Kn fjK xin wn 
D"»:nDn *?« nxni rnD onn S::x . Kin 
D^:pTn Sk i-'DD Ksni £2£5itrn ht<^ o^iSn 
D-'xp tt^ipDH n^:: t<2'Hi prn onni 
• B^ipD.i n'2 H2'H nhi pri 11 ^h ndhi 
]rt:piDi Nin ^xir'' pKD D^t25itri 
S33 1^ |nn Dnoiri cMir ^ti^i 
-|^t:2r^ -|^ ]n: ynht< "•'' itrx -[nyr 
x^n ^:iK . piv i2se^c nyn nn it:£5tri 



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H m ^3 iymn*7 air 2n2i ^i^c^n dVih 


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H njDD 3rn Din Kin n^nz KJ2:2sn cin 


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n^D^J ^^Kn3 Dl (n^^Kl^ l^^l^Kl KDK ^^H 


H ni^gnn hv (inKn) nr 1V3 kvc: Din 1 


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]VDi K^jKi *:d^3 pin 111 (ta^TinDi ^H 


H '^Di ipip: iB^K nnKi .ni^enn nv 


1 in^innn^Ki kdi Sdi mh^ irrsnKi ^H 


H Sd j^mS Kn iS6£»: ens K'/s:n cm 


in3 Knni kdi ^2 12^ m inx iDsr ^H 


H (* D^Sms Di peer inK nKii KMir Din 


kS km KCD ^MkS D^Hi3 Dl p'CSl ^H 


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Hh'H hy2 kSi nSjfs: nh mi ^did^d ^H 


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inci yir n33t!? nxDD pTim ictt^n ^^H 


H GMMS DI e^Dtrn zny^tr^i c^Yniii i;it 


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(nhbH nDni '^Kp on) .: ^H 


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.T^« «D^1 nD«"l .(*(nr«^) I*? .-liTH 

ne^K Ktt^i^r >D ^3 pi .Dn"»iB? ivntr 
inv p«i i:ivna nm« xts^'^r 71V 
ir«e^ nrx ix-'B^nS V3«S 1^ (p^i /ixi) 
HDnv nr« jd d:i ne^xi .nn fen 
1^ inv pxi n:)iv-iD dx ^d xr^n^ 



(n*?^K non-i hnp on) .re 
I N^n ij^nixS myi n*? np xp 
rj^n np^i XDX xpi .S^D iSi n*? tS** 
KDX xpi ,n3D:i .Trrvii mi nx 
.n"'S x"'im nr^^Mi ne^x^ iS ^■^D1 
i3t3vxn nn^H n^Sx xi>i xdx xpi 
jxtt Sd pi .pnSn nx-'D x-'in in^nn 

vix*? n"»^ '•yino xSi (hdd^d*? n'^'? 
nrxi , HD "»3V x^i xnnx n^nic^x*? 
x'^^x (ai^iiDrx^ nS '•ynriD x^ "c: 
HDiDix^ ,T3x^ ,-!'•*? •'jrnnD xSi nrn^v^ 
.n^3 x^3V nhi jxdS 



(:*?xn 'T 1DX nr nnxi) .no 
ppD (ne^x xe^i^n) ^'^h h^ Dii 
: DnS -1DIX1 DipDH (* '►nn 'hy^n me^y 
n"»ii*?s nx '•n^:p '2 ovn onx onr- 
nx IX .nrx^ '•'? ^ii^fi n2 n^iwn 
any . ne^x*? ^'^ •':i'?£3 n^ ne^xn m^i'^E) 
oncix n'^xn D^■^n^ ^Sy^i . "crn onx 
/i:rntrxn nx""" jm .onr* :no 1^ 
ne^xn ]d : ^h anoix iS"* n^ i^i: dxi 
,nnix xe^ii xin p nnxi ,(*nxn 
nwH h2 h^^ HDrn h^ D"'pnn ^d 



(n^^x nom ^xp on) .ne 

DDX any ]inS idxi xinxi H^^n2 jd 
nn n'^innn n"»:i^£ nx M^:p ^d dim 
n2 HB^xn n^^i'^E) nx ix nmnh '^h ^:iS£5 
piDxi , Dvn onx ony na^xS >S ''3i*?£ 
nx '^^ in^ onj; "»Dn x•»^-)n i:n n^S 
pDX i^\ nh HTh' ^H^ /:ii r]^i<n 
nS d-'d: -nni nxrn ne^xn p n^^ 
'^D ]''xiB?^:3 ntt^x ^311 nc2n cpm 
.i:trnsi r^^ ^3 xin mn 



(:^xn 'T 1DX nr inxi) .t:D |, {nhhn nam Sxp on) .12D 

(n^in::n ••^"inn digi) n^'rina ci n^m^i || n^n xotso x^ n^*?in:2 di nSin^i 
^3 n^yn xSi XM x*? nn nxDt:: xS jj ix^ o^Sinn an nSj;a xSi H^n nh 



n«i K ' n 2 nSon riHiin nniH C' 

, ('XLIII iid;? Ki2a2 
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.nmn 

8 



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» o^tfi'iK mts^j? ic*<:tr ^jss 



^D DIM DHK on:;, : cnS iciKi 



d:^ '•:i?£ p ^-3^ 



f^t.^ 



nrK 



r\H 



nmnh ^h w:p ^:i^£! n^H n":i^£5 hk 
mD^ kSt ^rhn: b]; nnn cr D^'pn*? 
pny iDipa iytt?ai vnn djto nnn or 
{' nS«n cnyn ^*7 Dno^xi , 'orn dhk 
I^T^ *?« HK^n niPKn n« ''^ ]n\ : hd 

■itif« p£3 rT'DD in'^n M^i 1172 or 

^3 avn DDK pns? o:?n h^y w^p^h 

n^K^ ^^ *n''ap pSnn nc?K n^^Kicn mi 
DtD^ ttSi ^rhn: by ncn or opn^ 

Uny ICipD IffSPD^ VnK DPD DDH Ctt* 

n«2n nis^KH n« '" jn^ d^ii? DUprm 
DrTnr ^33 itt^K hkSdi ^ni3 in'*:! Sk 

m2D ^n^3 M^i cnS n^:2i or mpi 
yirn jd mm-'S nan m^'" *i0k fis 
np^i nKin niyin jd i^ ''^^ jm ib^k 
.(* h^Sk Ki>i nr«S iS Mm mi nK jjra 



[itaitan aina^ nnicnn n'?on Dip«a it^n 



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nitt?y 3M3T Ditc?a nirj? ^3 's^i'^iDn 

{nS*::»» ncni Swp en) .id 
^D DIM anK onj; jmS «eHi 

n^K*:' ^^ \T:p ^^iSs nrn n^jiSe nK 
ni3^ kSi in*?nj *?p ncn ots^ o'^pnb 
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p^jf2 Dc^ N-ipi innsrss Sm nr:?T 
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JD i^ '*^ in^ irK pin jo niM^*? 
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"^n^m 'ry nan or opnS h^kS ^S 
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DJM ^D llDKn DIM OnK D^V '•Dlpfi 

nK '^^ im ciy D^jprm lyra irK 
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niM^^ iDn mS^ iis^k ps m33 "im:j 
niyan p -|S '^^ im its^K pin p 
nrK*? ^h Mm mi nK ty2 npn nKin 

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kS ^tfi^: pmrt p'^Den mc ^hi ^H 


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fiBfK KOK KpT pn^n «in k*?i km*d 1 


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^^H . C)T2 mn^^^n ir« D^t£»j \ir n'':n dk 


/Dim irnD kS p^:3«^ 'ts^i^J 


^^H (:SKn 'T iDK nr inKi) .no 


(nbbH nnm ^«p on) ,10 ^H 


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^D'J3'»^ n'*^ nm 5iip Knn ^ki ^| 


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^npS I'^Kjn ^n wmit^i n^*:^ '>«^^^^H 


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hnvin iDKM rnDi (aorm nnnm 1 


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^npD «i2Ki iSjr: =iVk»^") *]h mp rj^n^ 1 


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mm uw 3tt^^i iptrrr n*?!? t^^i ^^n^^J 


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niiD iDn !j?3 -131 irK laj? '?K:r^H 


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np^i nr^i nc^i ^itt^N ^J^£ n£ n^ti^^H 


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^^H irir'i 


. i2trn HB^H 


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(nb^H nom Snp on) .ns ^H 


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^^H ''isfi CD^ri« Dni« Kipi ,D'rnn 


«DKi , mn Sii3n pi m^ ik*?i o^tr^K 


^^H iDKi *^njn p*T n^2 hm nh mr 


' HDK ^Ki i^n 3*13 ^Dtsi i^n ^aprD 


^^H iSki i^jfn 3nDi pi'Dini Tj^n ^jpto 


1 p)a:tHS kS^k n^b ^xu nn E*:pro 


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i Kn3n ^33 ''jn piJJDO 1 Kn':'^'7p ^^^d^i 


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nnh' KpK nnS^ ikv^i zmdi dit ^H 


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(' Kl'?^ napj -1^23 *K1 KlS^ 131 1133 ^H 


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,Kn**Ej Kinni Kce? Sy o^Kp ^H 


H (:SKn '1^ iCK ni inHi) .«d 


(n^^K nnnn bnp an) ♦kc ^H 


H *?K-ir^D icir nnD^ h^i -ichi 


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t»Knn3 n^S d^k ("131 kc^k irsK ^H 


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, Di3^3 inK'K Kmo kS («' Km3 TJ n^S ^| 


H oin^n 


H 


H (:^Kn 'n^ i^H nr -inwi) .3n 


(n*?SK nem ^Kp nn) .^aD ^| 


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, Kpi non nrK KDK Kpi DU^3 K3mt2 ^H 


H nn n}v "it^K im b]^ rfcinw ^1/12 *?y« 


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H hv ^H inrK nS Knp .(Mnp nrn 


s]Ki inrK nS np Kp inj;i nrK nK ^H 


H n^'^T nD DH pb .nnr: k^8^ ^e 


K3^nt: n^D ^k pS^ , nsoj k^i 3: Sy ^^H 


H . ^mH2 o^:jnp3 miDm D^2^2 (nonKn) 


• L12?K3 n^3np3 K1TK1 D13^3 ^H 


^B . n 5 ^5p (M' ol S^ ^*3p fi 


. n 1 *? » , K 1^ ^ ^ ^sp (n ^^M 


^B , ri K '"i^p (3^ 


.M3'na m'?'?'?! r>38?3 ^^^p iz ^^^ 


^H • nsoS pi . n H Q 1 ^'jp (r 


* r ^ 3 ^ e^^nr3 ^*:}p (^ ^^^| 


^H t N ri *t M v'lap (n* 


'''Dpa ^^^1 


^^^V 


, nszsS pi » 1 rr ^'2p (n ^^^| 


^M . Sj?sn »^ni no i'7*n ^3 fjm Vt (» 


^m 1 ^*3 H^^ HTor (* 


, (Q « M p nSoS) nnnNS "^^^f 


^H • pcTHi 1^13 c« i^saS irm i:^« ^'-s ^ 


(t ^^H 


^H » 'T T*5 12133 1* 


. -1 3 -I ^^p (n ^^H 


^^^^ 


»iDn It n 1 a ''Dp (fi ^^1 



109 



K'^r^n ]:yh mvDn tbdd 



nriyi cii;: '':n 



nnyn DU"»nn 



n«r^ iS iniDts^ ^D ^y low nr *d 

(nw) 13 fii'»Din nvinn (nr r^«^) 

inv Kvir ••D ^3 lynviS nvinnn 'n 

DKts^*? onnion oniwo nSpn*? nnp 

.nni« D3''D Kin nniK 

•»Kir3 hw 1D«1 n>^P 1DK1 

•»D TDi^ C n ^ S y inr« Sr nninK n2 
mp inon'' nin« nn iS nDi«nj d« 
nK on-'D Kin oin-'S nDn\n iS nSsjtt^ 
nninK nn nK (-jd -inK) Kts^ir norn 
D'»''pD Kin ^3 (iiD'»K) nro kvv ]'»K1 
Sy no^Djn K-^n inDn'»i inan^n nivD 
• (*ints^K ninK nn 

O^Kn 'T iDK nr inKi) .aS 
'»D (pmnS) \h nnp^i idki 
.nn nvn dk pi non^^ 71V ^rH 
pnD on norn •»pn ^d nts^K^ idki 
•(• nS^pn hy p^i ]^k wj3 p^ nts^K Sd 
nSr jivin •'D (no^*?) nann idki 



»oiHn sjun 



.(*nDrS Kin ^nY 

O^Kn '1^ 1DK nr inKi) ,d 
Dip^ nSn iiTK -113^"! n''m idki 
n2 iiDsn nK n*?n ♦ non vnK or Sp 



, D ' p n 2 ^'ap {y 



, 13 inH nH3 Di2»n 
• ii^ lynii hS ]ay nyn '6*7 nS^yan »pn (' 
] 1 X 1 a '"isi • '3ipn 'B3 ^noann (* 
. nt iD'oa nSj^oS ana im nr d^w • 1 S r 
• (t"d ]o'd) naoS nij? hhii 



*??! ly-nK*? n^*?? Kn^ non^*? n'**? nt^n 
nnero '»jn |d ^« nno^D^ n>^ nic^n jkd 
nvinn nro (^onpKi ,D^Kp ni^:i 
hyi lyniK^ (:>nvinnn ••n n^n ••sd 
nts^n ]KDD rr\2}h •»£a n^S nipon |kd 



(nS^K nom SKp on) .nS 
nn no^D ^n) kdki n^^Sp kdki 
KDnK >KT DVI Kp n^*?^ mts^KT KnnK 
n^fijt •»DpD (" n'^nonn KnnK nn (■» n-'S 
(^ nor*? n^ oro c^ no^n^S Knon^ n^^S 
nS Kpfij kSi KnnK nnS nS n^DJi 

nn Sp nh'y npi K>n inan'^i inon'^n 
• n-'nnKT {' KnnK 

(nS*?K nam ^Kp on) .o^ 
lyn'^D («' K^n 1^ nnp^i kdk Kpi 
KDK Kpi , nn ^nvi (:i' kS'^k non^S n'-S 
niTK ^31 (^' DpnD nenn D'^pm ntt^KS 
Kpi ("1' nS>pn hy pni ]^Kir'»j3 pn jii'^K 
n^S ^p^ (•»» n^Sn n^:^rv3i nan'^i kdk 

. noin-'S 

(nS^K nt2m ^Kp on) .e 
n^n irK niD^n n>ni kdk Kpi 
iiDnS n^^Sn ncn vnK db^ by Dip'* 

. n a D 5 » o S ^3p (h 

. D 1 n p H 1 ^"^pa (a 

. n X 1 n a ^"^p (a 

. n » S TDn <*3p (n 

. 1 n a o ' n c*i38^3 '*3p (n 

.nois'S nnoa^ '*3p (i 

. ' ^ n n '"ap (n 
• D ' p o <"3p (a 
. n n n H ^"ap (» 



it^wn \:yb niYon ."^.eoD 



108 



nriyi u^w: ^^n 



n^'iip DDvy DM«n h2H nanc nnr 
,K^n nnK nth ni d'?'^^ 

1*? p« pi DHD in« nm -idhi 
nnsirn ^35D nn« no onr (laSS) 

nrKn n^mf ninK hspkc nh cup 

ih'' Dia^S nSs^r (ny t^f) n^h nnn 
nrK inK ?r^KD ^H ijc!2 ik {* S*?D3 

^D ll^mnS na -nssn n« nSn • i S n 
nip« ^D uidS^ Kin n*?r 1^22 Sd 

nvinn nt:n iitc^K n^nn nh idhi 

^33D larKKf ^'Hh K*nn nnn Se? 
iDKi (3inDn) pipi "^zs .nnsrDH 

,(nK?) nnu^oS it Kine^ ^e hy idk: 
nrS nr D^^np wnp: nnsts^D ^i2 ^3 

vSk nrpn nHse^*? inSnj dk onnai 
(:*?Kn 'T -inK nr inKi) jS 





. It 


3 n » & 


^*3p (1*^ 


n 


^ n n H 


^ -ten ' 


"spa (2' 






.H^-l 


i-^p (i^ 




.m 


ffi^U«^3 


^•Dp (T 




, neob ' 


21 . 1 » 


^'5p (ID 









't3-\Kn nun 
nn*? in snpoi Kin nnsrn ^J2T D^Kp 

,(2 Kin in mnS («pnS3i 
(n*?SK nr^n-^ hnp en) ,n*? 

|^« pi DHD inK DDl KCK Kpl 

K*?i nns^^tt ^:3 jt: in (^ /T'D ^hi iS 
nn ^Ki ^*Tjn^Qi N:Tjf3 ki3 rvh n*K 
(f^KiinnK KfinK jc ^^n ^Dps ^:3 n^*? 
mn h^H .^DirnS KnnK mn K^nv 
Dia^S K*?E3n '; ** p"*:?^ KnnK KinS nS 
KiiniK Kiaj jn 1H (» n^ro ik SS3 iVi 
n^n irK naan nMi smdi KorD »^ 

1133 (n *731 -|j;i1«^ niJ3 1133*? TX^'htTi 

Ki*?n OKnnKi ]S iDiiD Hp fttnSn 

. D13^ {«^ K3^n^D «*? S^3 l*!'! 

(nS^K iGni Skp en) .iS 
non ne^K (^* n^r k^ kdk Kpi 
KiinK "inn k*>i ih^kS it tr^K'? nvinn 
nn£tt»D 13 ^3' ikSi Ki3:i':? Kn^D Kinni 
ir V'vh n^inn kdki p-'Ki Kpi Kin 
nnsK^DD Kin n^ in ]ko "^yi "ipii*<*? 
mnS iip^G D'^siip nn£5tt?D ^:2i D^Kp 
v3k'? d^hk ]''k dki 3M31 onT ikSi 
v*?N 3iipn iiKtt?'? liiSn: m onnji 
.nnK t£?Ti innwDD 



(n^SK ncni ^Kp pn) .»^ 

(ita |KD n^'Sy K3'^ nD3^ KDK Kpi 



.p n S 1 3 ni mj?{a3 ^'ap (m 
♦ n I* a **3p (:i * 1 n *"3p la 

, I n ' o ' S niyoa ♦'Dp (1 

, n : 1 o '"Dp (T 

,niSo ^nra bs ^n »*5p fn 

. a ' H p »i*Dioi n ' *? * n »^3p ip 

. H a ^ n 1 riattfa *"3p (' 



107 



K^r^n ]^yh niVDn ibdd 



■V 

t. ■ 



ir«D ♦Ttn^ D'»n« inr'» ^d id« 

vnK ^v«D pim DpD^ DHD inw i^n 
p iS pwi ne DK or inrKi «tn iji 



(n^^« noni S«p on) .aS 
••D nm D'^nw lar^ '•d «dk np 

(2 «in« ^i) p «pniDi «nDnS pn^D nn 
(T n^D ^K prr n^nn^^xi (^ Kin n^Kii 
inrK wn'^HD «S «i3 n***? n^K k^i 



(: hnn 't» id« nr *)nKi) .iS 

nts^K DK THKn riKtrS on^ nniDtt^ D^n« 

• nnfi^D ^:a oni ,nn'»D in«^ 11:^11 
n«r^ onD nnw^ -^.idk ddyj; D^n«n ^d 
pai WK nn^D inw*? pn vn« nr« 

• (* n r 1 y n ijri^fir idd pts^iT: inKS 

(;S«n '•)•» 1DK nr in«i) .nS 

•nn^ nfi si^Din nr iinym 
1DKJ nr DDvy D'^nK Sp kS >d i^ninS 
••D .nr 1DKJ nnfi^D ^j:j ^p dk ""d 
iDwr D^nK wipj p d:i nnfits^D >jn 
S'»n in) r^K ntt^^nS yniD •»dpjSi 
iDKi .(^ryn iDri ■|^D'»S« nnstttDD 
•C* iSd^SkS ij^n«S its^K mrn np^n ry^ 
iDKi tSd^^k nnfi^DD or id« 
n irT-nS iSd^^kS n^n«S ns 
iD«jts^ D^n« iKipj p DJ nnets^D ^^n 
r^ D)i nj« S«i3 >D djdk ^d nnyi 
nnp ^Ku »•» *)D« . (* >:t2D anp Ski3 
nnsts^D ^n ^y 1DW nr n lymnS ^jdd 

nrSm Dis' 'in vn n 1 » d n i fi d a »d 
. nviy Dj? nno hSi nnvo pSna 
. 'H 'a nn (' 
. ':» 'n Dr (» 
♦ a"' 'a dr (* 



(nSS« ncni S«p on) jS 
nrn ^n« nn^ o'^nx «dk «pi 
-inK^ nn^m «nn« in 3d:dS (n pnS 
in^fii) '•RKT nnsre '•jn (^ ij^m (^ nn'^o 
vnKT KnnK (n^DJtsS nn^ n'^S td« 

. mnj;:j pts^nei pD\n ••d 

(n*?SK nam hnp on) n*? 
lyiiK^ nn'' KDn nriD ^m ••DnSi 
^y «S^K D^«p (o in^BiJ D^n« ^y ikSt 
('••DJ nnsrD >::jt D^«p nnsro "^22 
nr^K*? pniD ^DPJ^I n^DDi d^rk llp'^K 

-its^K mrn npSn rjn kdk Kpi , ry:j 
nnsrDD Dnn kdk «p iSd^^k^ lynnh 
I^d^Sk*? irn«S («' KDn «t2K Kpi ■|Sd'»Sk 
D^n« np>K •'d: nnerD '•m lyt'iK^ 

SkU r^ KD« «p . '•JDD nnp ^Kl) tt^^ 

nnstTD •»):) Syn ii^tikS ^jdd nnp 



p a ' fi ' nij?ea ^"ap ','k 

. n ^ n K ^"rp (a 

. ^ n '"ap (a 

. n H o '"apa (n 

. ] n S '"ap (n 

. M n » D ^''ap (1 

. 1 i 1 n 1 ^ap (T 

. n H S mrtsa '"ap (n 

. D n ' fi 1 ; »"ap (b 



M^rjn ppb niyen isota 



106 



Kin— ? 1*7 n n^n (K^n) mvS kSi 
«iE»^tp n^n inrK dk ^2 {n\i) iidSd 
nnnpS iS inio noy imnK n3 dk 
n ' S 7 1SK1 , m Y S nT2 pn ^s 
Ona^« Djf) nep pn ^3 (miinV) n ' ' n 3 
DK hzH rrmK hkipS iS m miDK 
nKtt^^ 1^ imD inrK dk injc Kin 



n^^n^ n^*?jr nriKi .nninK n3 riK 
n3 ih niioK mtt^K dj? pi ^d (idS^) 
(iiiK) n3 ^i^'Din n r K 1 2^131 , nmnK 
^zs nviri (' *7Din kS "d (nnin^) "1 
^a -lj;nn^ ^13 nvipn p np^Dssn 
inK^ ^3 mnj^n -nc^«3 ij^k niiD^'K 

(oa) nmjr (S3K) .iS nnmo nmnK 
pnjip ihkS IK C p'Ss^i nn^D inK^ 
Dp \nvn2 ^02 piD^K3 (nnKBfjJ 

* in^Sp3 

(: ^Kn inn* pp K^ts^an idk) »kS 

1^ l^Ki ner ^c ^3 jomn uiy 
^:30 iHK ^3 (n6) inrK n3nY |3 • 
iSne? pn miki nmK 03^^ iSic^ nnsi2^D 
mum ,Kinn ncn ^r iDr by oip^ 
pi ona iHK nDi iin' a*nK i3r^ ^3 
m'^nh nmn non iitt?K n^nn nh 1^ pK 
n»Kb 1^ nnp^i n'^hv K3^ hdi^ if 
b^ Qip^ i^n irK n33n n\Ti nosn 
,{*SKitr^ciDt£» noD'' K*?i nen vhk db? 



D*pSni) . w'ran noW DDnn^ n v i j? S h 
nc2 n*JiPDDn*? tanedn i^ina D»H^a3 litaa 



a nin* i-Ad nil nuarai »oii*n ijua (^ 



.|nn^D 



. '1 'n n'3 nnai (^ 



3n3 (** ^Ki invS 3n3 ^£Di . kit mSiS 
Kp n^^ ^^D nn in^^ 3n3 k*?t ni'?}^ 
3^DJi idk^kS nh HW2 "Kn -i*? 10:10 
(3 n3DJD'? n^*? nr mn3 KnnK n3^ n^*? 

n% KDK Kpi .m^S K3^K kS Km 

nsc^D^ n^ KTDKH Kin nin3 n^^n3 
n^^ ntt? inrK^ n^"? tt^njo (^^k Ssk 
n^^n3 n^Sy kdk Kpi . nnnw n3 s^jdS 
n3 i'^n'^h HrcHi km in^n nn3n 
^D Ki n^3 ^sts ntPKi 3^n3i ,nnnK 
nvip p npDgKi nv-,j?3 ^£;ta (hk*?! 

>3 IKS (^ nn3 Kl^DKl -[V^inh K13 

nn>o nnKS nm Kin nvnyn kiio**k 
n^^ Knr T\h rnaoi nnaS ik inrK 
nn^o iHK^ inniDK mnpi nnnK n3 
inniD^K '^2 i^tpnn ihk'? ^h ;in>*?j?3 
.jin'Vy3 nn3 p3n'Ki3 



n'^SK ^Y1 i3p D^n^K ^Kp) ,kS 

(n^p 
K^i (n n^on jKon KjDnn pinpe 
in noi3^^ intPK K3nY Kn3 n^*? n^K 

Kn*?n K-)3 Kinm n^^n nnsro ^J3 ]0 
o 3M31 Kn^D Kinm n-^er '^p D^'p^o 
yn pi cnc ihk hdi iin^ c'^hk i3r^ 
»^kS nYinn non ne^K ^^lr] kS 1^ 
nrK*? iS nnpSi n^H' w nD3'' nr 
^p cip^ nSn irK ii33n n^ni nc3^i 
, hm^^n lotr nnn^ k*?i nDn vhk or 



.mi ^*2p f w 
♦ nooS pi ♦ n 2 D J ^ D S *"3p (3 

M •> 1 D ^ K 1 'r'v 1W I n » n n 3 S*af (1 

. (? M T n 
a K n 3 D rnn niiDn nj? nin p'on p (i 



105 



«'»rjn ]}yh mvDH leoD 



mnyi cit?: >:n 



pS on Dninw D^r ^Kn ddid^S nonn 
man ^dS pS 11DK1 ♦ p^nw: nmc« 

I^ni onDTD j^n ]mD« ••'jyn p (mn) 

jmoK D'^r an idukS nonn '•d • ninpjo 

.p"''?pn onicK ]2h p 

(: Skh inDm> pp «^r an id«i) .S 
npn nh nnin« S« nr«i niriDi 
, C n^'^nn n^*?? nnny n^h:h mvS 
npn «S nnin« ^« ni^Ki id« 
npn kS nnin«i ntt^«i new «S'' 
nninin n^K ^p idw t6 r\w •»:bd 
nr 1DKJ nnin« nni n^K *?p dk ^d 
nviK ^D .nn^n pi« n«ts^S K^tt^ nw 
iD«jtt^ nrS Dip nviDH idk inrK 
1D3 •'D n^:n «*? ^hk nrw nnp 
iiD« p n«n nr« i^^kS iS miDxtt^ 
/jts^-i^sr iM nninK *?pnS Ktr^nS nr«S 
n n n 1 n tt^ « nnw inw nnD nr inp:ji 
ninK n2 by idw nr -d irtinS 
« S 1DK Hh^ npn « S (* idki . inrK 
(*DiKnn^ iS -nD«tt^ OtD^*?) n^pn 
•inv*? 1DK1 .ints^« mn« nn op 
«Sts^ ^3 mDi> nr nnnp niS:i^ 
K^nD DK ^3 ♦ init: m S j ^ 1 1 1 y S 
DP nvn^ ints^K mn« nn n« ts^^« 
*) n X ^ nD«i . iS imo (in^M) inr« 
IpmnS ni^:)*?! nnD kSi niS:S 
fil^Dim .win niSiS nr nnvS ^d 

. ' ^ n T T y n H S ^"ap (» 



i| 



I, 



I! 



, ■» n M D S; DMtn nSon DUVi (' 



♦ p^nwj jn^D« ']:h'*ny \\y^H oni^K 
I'^ni onDrt pn ni:a '^dS ]inf? tdki 
DmD« ^^pn Sd pS ^niD^KS n^^p2l 
Dm3«T «^Dm mnp^i pni cnDrn pn 

PT'DK -JD^^ni pj^K DniDK D>»33 

(nSS« 'm ]ap D'^nSx SKpi) 3 
npn nh nnnK S« ntt^Ki Tn^^ 
Hp .n^^nn n^^p nnnp niS^^ -riiv^ 
«Si npn kS nnin« hn nrH^ kck 
Sp iK^T npn K^ (« nninKi ntt^Kt kck 
Knn« Sp kS-'W D'»Kp nmnxi KnnK 
nnn (a pj^ncD*? nhi w^np nmnK nni 
1CK ints^KT KnnKT t'^pBD Kp '^'^in 
nttfH nnp n^nsn ^Dn '^i^pi^ (^K^np 
n-'S Ki>D«T ^D"^ •»DT nS:n «S ^nK 
nrw*? nh T'DW (^ ^inKT «nn« b^^kS 
(n;^D>n ^D nn«nKi «in:iS ^nicrK^ 
nnni nts^« inn n^2 ''Dn'?i • prnsn 
D^«p inr« ninK r\2 hyi iptikS 
:jipn nh kd« «Si npn kS (ixcki 
mnK nn nnn (nnxcS n^S tdkt 
nnnp niS^S tiiyS kd« Kpi .ine^K 
^«i nr D'bih invS ikS Km kdSk 
(tamnD^ inrxn KnnK nnS rrK ^'n «n'»D 
niS:S invS kdki . n'^S ntt^ inrK nn:j 
nnv*? <:* ^Km -jptikS niS^Si :jnD kSi 



, n n 1 n H ^ H myos <"3pa (h 

. r 1 i ' 3 D » o S '"Sp i'2 

. n K 1 p ^3p (A 

. M n H n »*3p fn 

. p 3 ^ n I'ip (n 

• H D H 1 S*^T nnna n 

, n S » n » o 1 H n ^ap Tn 
. n 1 n D S ^3p (d 



K'lpjn ]iyH m vtsn tsco 



104 



n2p:n ikb? «],« *d (ttsSS) nnpj ]wh2 

ni2p:i Str pi onDT ^tfi> pi p'^r 
p rnrnK *:»:3 '^i: «^d^ .iS jiTncK 
•►^ "h nniQK DMH ID pr* 5^e^r p 
n«r nn aiiiDcr iwr jiKip: mnKn 

ni:? *7r nnn kit nr ^2 ^S tjd h ^ n 

,(*nr?pKn hrSci (^pKnn^rn k*?i 
Tie «^n D^Kiip ijniHi Kin iinsi 
aj; ns ns^n nrwn nm hgd ^3 «in 
Kts^i: DK '2 .nSj?n i^^ns^ idd nhy^ 
oy iDKis^ D^tc^^n nS«D nm k^^kh 

(m*?Dn) nbn .-hw di^hd id? m^'n 

Kin X1K nny ^d 8?^Kn Sy miKanc 
WK 1SK2? nr Kin .^^nh (virion) 
nB?K ]Di . {/' ncr S^ iK^ne n d 1 "^j^ 
pS IK i::3 pS IK ij^S KtrjnS miDK 
p on'^nKD (nnK) h^h^ nSj?3 Stt^ ini 

(2inD^) *?^£J2ni .DKH p pai SKH p 

nrnKH hd^k c]^Dn'7 i^nvK nn nK 



jnS niDK pS ♦nSya p Sr o^nKm 

mnp:^ p31 D^12TD p3 JlllS *?3S 

nSij?n ^£)D C* jn^DK [^*7jf 3] *?sS Kirn':' 
-ncKi , mapiD p3i nnaiD ps n'?pD'? 
mnpjD pni D^-'^TC p3 c^:3 Ss^ on^ 

onDID pa Df1l3K ^rj ^D p JIKICS 

'2 .nbv^^ nSijrn ^sa mDpiC rni 



* D IK PI c| n r 

n-iKrS npsK nn mKt£» kok Kp , n^S 
Kp (H ^d: n:]pjn nKtj» fiKi nnp^ prSa 
pi p3 pnSn iHiff h2 i^S^n .idk 
HDntcK n'b p^cK mip: pi pni dhdi 
3K pi p:s M^niinK Srs n^'S p^DKi 
nMai nnpi KnnKS iKtsfi dk pi pai 

KDK Npi , -]DK iKtS^ JM IK^ n3 

KM Kn^jr Hiibn kh -j*? kdk km nen 
k"?! nm3?n^ ^na hk SSnn Sk s^nsi 
n^nsi .HDr pKn nK':»Di pKn n2\n 
net Hni KCK Kp KM (^pnpi km 
pDM ^3 n^j?3 nni ne^K nn K!3MCj 
p Kin K13J '^s 3^D3 ^Ki nSyi smdi 
K*?! inrK nna n>^ icki o^r: p^n 
nnn3 K^no ("^ n^niiri p inrK Kp£33 
Sj?i ^KDip Kin i:n n^Sn Ki^n ^d 
niiyi r^K Sy ptJ»i£D priDK niip 

no? '^^l KM (!i"Kn IDK Kpi r^KV 

KTDK nu^K pi . nor ^1^ trists nncK 
inn pS IK 1:3 p^ IK 1J3S ^sid^kS 

p31 2K IDl ]'*3 ]MMK ^2 pSi nS^^l 

iiD^K ^"^isdS iniPK nnS num • dk pi 
TDK (1 p*?M nbv2 pi nMKI n^miRK 

mzpr p2 DMin pa ni33 ^dS pnS 
p^*?ci KC3 '■ " oniDK bo p (* SDrcS 



. n ^ D 1 n I'sp (o 



• a**! 3"* n*» Mipn (* 

♦ E3*D 0** UV (* 

lop fj^^'n WBfn a> p*? h"\ (* 



pnS T0K1 ,ni3pji pai Dn^n y^ 
3D]dS map^i p3i DMDn p2 q'12 ^ob 
ni3p:i psi pnati p3 omaK ^tr: Sd p 

M3;3 DniGKl (tSK^DIll P^'tCI KB3 



,nnii nSt33 i^D3^«n **3p <3 

» * a '*3p (n , n m 8fi '"^p (i 

. 1 D ^ 1 n »'3p fi 

i a i D S ''2p (? 

. T n 1 H tD3 (n 



103 



H^wrn \2yb m^Dn ibdd 



nmyi D^u/i ^in 



Krjn^ mic** n«^K pi .mini* Sm 



py H^mn iDHr non pie) *E3D 

na riK nnai ntp» nny ainDi 
nnnjf n^hh npn «*? nna nn nm nia 

n!i n« r\hin nh nnai n»K 
nj3 n3 n3 hk -igk «Si n:3 

by idk: ni dk ^d nna ^y idkj kS 
na ^3 . 1*? nn^JOKr nna nm nja na 

niiDHr 1D3 nttK ^ya iick nrK*:^ •►a 
.{•ijri'sr 1D3 V3K nB?« j?^»S iS 
ei-^nn) nc'? niSj*? npn k^ nnKi 

DK IK nan n2 nn (P'-k k^^d dk ^d 

Dp ui''M nvn*7 ina^K bv? nn^ na 
, (iiD^K nis ;''K) ntD iS kv^ nh intPK 
^:fiD jmiy igk nb^ nnny idki 
niTM D^ai pr*?a TitDK 1131 nSnntt^ 
n n a n 3 n k i n j 3 n 3 n k n n 3 i 
-iDKn K*?r • I'-n^ |ik?S3 n m i y idk 
ii^K in^3 n'?K S3 nn kipj «^r ly ^3 
n^KD nnK Ktt^i nefK3 dk ^3 3^n 
1DK . 3^'n Kin iniPK W manpn 









n^S Ki^DK ^3S^n Kin (»* n^Sn nny 
Kp K^n U iry^, Kin o 3'n3i . ^nrtt 
i^nK ne^K n^S ki^dki |^3^n "31 onn 
pi .imnK by2 nrK n^S ktok 'dh 
nnnnK '^yaS ^aiorK*? ktdk nrw 
n^K SyaSi nnnnK *?y3 nrw ^ra*?i 

,rrn*t 

py D^n^K Skp KD ^2 *?VS) .D3 

(njy n*?SK ^m 
ns nK (1 nn3i ntPK nny 3^131 
nniiy m*?:!^ npn kS nn3 n3 nKi naa 
miy KGK Kp .KM ncr njn niwr 
nby nj3 n3 riK n*?^n nb nnai n»i* 
(n^rKm ^y^w*? nj3 n3 n3 hk kok 
^'Hp nn3 Sy ik^ nnii nrK kdk npn 
p^DKi D^i*p nn3 n3i n:3 ii3 *?y hS^k 
^3n ^DpD Ki*DK KM mtPK nsi n^ 

^3M *3 nDKI K133 nS TDK nrKT 

pM ^a r3Ki KnnK r^KS n^b ki^dht 
nib:S npn k*? kck Kpi . prnsi 
nS WD ^Ki nts' ni'^j'? ikS d KnKoS 
inrKi nn3 ^3^ ik n33 na*? tffJ^K 
Kpsi K*7 ijie*K nn3 n^rr^as nino^ 
Kp kSi nnny kdk Kpi , (» n'^ro rr^S 
nnDK n^n*?D nbnni Dwn |nny Kt3K 
n22 m nK nnai nrK K3n pr'ja 
nw prSa nn'ny kdk nns ns nKi 
mSi3 x^bnh ^nS 3^031 nyn KD\n kH 
a^DJ 13 k'^^k 3^^n^D nb mn nna 



.n^*i »*3p (It 

.3ln3T **3p (3 

• pnpi ^"^p (:i 

'31 IK nhi^r^ H S ffj^sm^ ins (t 

, < 1 n 1 ^'sps (n 

* H n (n Q S ii») It ^ y» (> 



^^^^^^^^^•f'vi^Ty^nitB^^BDO 102 ^^B 


^m ninyi d'u;: 'n ^| 


^B ^Tayn DUinn 


*anitn E|un ^^H 


H IDS * in2 n^i 1J3 ns kmh ids mm 


1713 n3i 1J3 n3 (« K^nn ^3 □« ninK ^H 


H in2 nni 1J5 r\2 hv i^id (^inDn) d«^ 


jDi in3 n3i 1^3 n3 hi; onn '-^rrD ^H 


H iDKj (ni) ns p iM nSiDSD (nn'?un) 


'TDK ninK by (^ K3n ff|K o^Kp n*?iDB ^H 


H p*? .nSiDBD (m^iir) 1DK ninK S^r 


n^h KTDK (''i3S'n o'^Kp n*?iC2 idt ^H 


H , ^h n-ncH n*?iDSD (mSiitp) io« mnK 


. n^iD£3 (n jDi 1DK mn« ^H 


■ -IIKS^ IQK ^KH inCHT p^l) J3 


TDsn ^B 131 hSSk 'ni ]^y^) J3 ^H 


H (:nn piDsn: i 


(plDB^K Kin ^H 


H nhin Hb y2H '*m nny ick 


76m Hb yw 'm mij^ kd« «p ^H 


H 2*13 . (* K^n ^mi 2ipn kS mrH hn 


3ii3 .K^n imi 3ipn kS inrK Sk ^H 


H !?Kiin3KSi :i-ipn kS inrK Sk 


S**T 3n3 kSi C 3ipn hS intt^K *?k ^H 


H HT '^D ipmn*? 31 pn k^ inr*e 


HDK1 ^Kni (' -jyiiKb 3ipn kS id^k ^H 


H inrw "i?!^ i*3K ^n« nn? iokb» 


KTD«1 iP WHp me^K Sj^ Y3K >nK mi? ^1 


H. .r3« ^HK n^K C-i^ miDKr isk: 


V3« ^nK3 n^^'rm . v3K "m* fitt^H (0 n*S ^H 


H S3 "3 iinSS (^^ r3K ^nK3 nm« n^ii 


n3:3 in^Din m3iip ^31 -jiimK*? ^H 


■ DH^mrj D^r:K3 p^ontp nnnpn 


KT111 V3K ^nH *3 pnSn D>r: jn^DK ^H 


H mnK^' non Kinc? V3« tk id3 nnicK 


.inrK*? niDKi K-^n v3k mn«i ^H 


■ .intPK HK (3irj3n) IDKI V3K 


1 


H i:3nK ncKr nc3 pis) »n3 


D^nb« mrc rhnp hu 'b btQ).n2 ^^ 


H (:*?Hn innnT \:v K^«p3n 


{nbbH ncsni py ^H 


■ n^5n «^ 7nK nt^K nny 3in3i 


nbyn nb ym ma nny 3^n3i ^| 


H ntt^K mny -iGK ,(*K^n xnK miy 


nrK niij^ hdk Kp .w^n 7n» mip ^H 


■ r\t^m (rin^) nSin k"? i^nK 


mnKi KjinK n^*? kitki n*?^n ub ym ^H 


H j^3i (^imK ncir 1^3 iS nncK rnK 


KDH Kpi , nh tt^niD pi ninK jid p3 ^H 


H K ^ n 1 ^ n K n n I? nD«i * nn^K riJir 


1 n^S TD«i Dm Hp K'^n ym mip ^H 


H ntTK Sy3 nir« nwS ib i^dk ^3 im^ 


jDi VHK nnKi Ki3;i (m^ Knn« 3djd*? ^H 


H nit^K m) nniH ntrrr ^iso ^3 vnn 


^OJ n*?y3 vnK niiy nS na^c «pi ^H 


H nnp p q: nSy3 vnK niir (^"rrK 


H 


^H . ^ 1 & M n Q M H 1 ^**2p (^ 


, ' n M n 'trni 'Da (ti ^H 


^H •nvH {n*r n*|} *|ij 'r*n 'Da (k* 


^'apa (a ^H 




. *ion 'r*n 'eai * a n »'ap f j ^^| 
* 1 a ^7 M 1 n 'itP'^n 'Da (i ^^H 


^H * i*» n'» >npn (' 


^V ♦ n h 'vw^n 'ca (* 


. I D 1 ^H 'vm 'Da (n ^^| 


^1 *n» n»n n*^;? ana hS ;aSi S*i f* 


ion (H^jr ii*i3 B^t '*aai isr^n 'oa (i ^^| 


^B 


mra) nan t;? prwin anpn hS p ^^M 


^H , To n"i Hip^i (* ' 


(nii:fpn ^^| 


^H riK nn'non fiuain ryio h^^ihS (* 


,13?'TinS 'af«n 'Da (1 ^^| 


^H ,D^ia 11S2 rnn nnvs cia*n 


. n h 'r^n 'Da (d .0 r p 'em tia (n ^H 




.- J 



101 



K^B?3n pr^ niYDH TBDD 



ninyi n^m ^:n 



(V2K ntPKD) iHKn tt»^*<n ni udd 
*?3K r^KD n^^ niS^rD Kin ('n^r 



nS Knr n^:D ih\ inrHS n*? *in K^ 
iDK Kp ^31 KjinK K133 jm Kma 

i*?i mh'* kS S3K nS -idk npi kvi 

pi£3 (*njr'3tt^^ nai 3 in Sr mnpn isd3 ^nKVO n^Kn Dn3i3i) 

,t^n pjr 1J31 sin ^r i\-nyi K^3nt2;^ mD^pes ^ronn 

ninKnnr piDs iik33 no^e) .n3 >; niij? pics i^Dsn ^s nSip) .n3 

(: (^ K^n 73K iKt£^ n*?:n «*: T3k ' (k'^h 73K iKtr nh:^r\ nh y:^H n^inK 



V3K mnK 1^ nncKr id3 o tdt* 
1DK mnK iS .-nicK }3 r3KD (nK3n) 
Hmn^ niiDK nmn ]3i . n^3KD (nnsn) 

nCK ^RkSi V3KD (K3n) n'3K ^^KS 

ren^ T^3k iKr icki .n^3KD(K3n) 

HD) IDK ^3 ID^C 1^3KD V2H mnK ^3 
p)lt:jH p K^n •1^3K IKK^ (1DK» 

, inK v^m en ^ski k^h ^3 (in^i3 

(ncK ^3 ^nv) ,13 
nV^n K*? ^DK mnK mij? idk 
n3 tenr inK .(*K'n -ick ikb^ ^3 
1D3 3K mnK (Sk) (^K'-n (n*:'D3) 

nmir inK U3 n3i in3 n3S ("* n3n3r 
OKH mnK nK C mrj?*? 11 c^ 3 -1 « r 3 






% nip3n nfiDO nsyn cuina (* 

, n^air^ "ificn *]iJO nSiin onmn 
, 3'< R** nr i* . 3*' n** H'yp^^ (* 
: naisn ^nn le^^n 'd nnoia ^c*? !** 
*it<n nSon nnn anor Kin n*?ts3 tow inn 

103 nmj in^i nh^n t nioi*? : in C 



Kp K%n (Apnpi K\n 1^3^131 
mnK m^ ''nKTDKn ^3^n ^31 ("^dvi 
ninK n^^ ki^dk f^ ''3n v3k pn r3K 

KTDK n^K pi , m3K JCl (» H'^DK 

'«nK^1 r3K pi m3K mK*? (n^3icrH*? 

y2H IKC^ KDK Kpi .n^3K pi nCK 

IDK Kp V2H pi r3K mnKl Dm Kp 

KDK Kp ^3n K^n y^H iKr KDK Hpl 

♦ ]i:^K Kj?iT in p ni3Ki K^-^ 

(^Kp niK -jKn) .13 
K^ IBK mnK mij? kok Kp 
(fi»in3 .K^n pK iK8^ ^^3 nhsifr 
^3^n '^s 3K mnK K^n («' n3 r ncni 
in3 133 n3i in3 nsh i^' n 3*131 
(T*RinS nnrS 11^3 iKr3 o*nD?ii 



. n ^ M •?•!! (it 
(M*!? o'j? 1)1) S^in i{r*n 'D3 (3 

.3 1 n 3 I 

, 1 a n p 1 ^*3p (i 
. nisa^ pi , t: M K T *'3p h 

. 1 ^ t> « 1 'rm ^03 (n 

, * 3 ' n 'r*n 'D3 . it 3 n ^*3p (i 

♦ n^QHi Hmnn 'r^n '&3 

. ' 3 1 3 M S I'sp (n 

* nooS ]3i ^ n H 3 ^'3p (n 

^*3) itp^n 'D3 K3in mn Dpon (' 

. K r D -^ 1 3in3 BSfi (i'y n'y «)t 

♦ K 1 n 3 'r*n 'D3 (H* 

^sr mt3i ,1113 1 'ff ^n 'b3 (3' 



M^ran p:?*? nivon -ibdo 



100 






m*? Dip lOKr ^:sD "iHD ns 
,iS nmoK HD^tD IK nsjTD ik nurD 



p IK liy p IK nw ]0i in:: r^ ik 
pj^^rn Kn K^n '**n^.rD p ^kt hdk 



"|:2 n2 K^n ^riD K:rn (^^^kh kS^k 
n''DpD n^S KDKi nwn ina n^ ik 

"1*7 D^T-l Kp pU nih^D IK n^3 m*?iD 

IK Km-3r pi '^d: ini n3^ i:z n^i 

Kpi ,n^S ]TCK HDK p IK 13ir p 

ji^DKi -f? KOK Kp njn -jnny ^D kdk 



jnSMDT *iK vnijD nn2 ik y:^ ni:a 



(mKnn)iniK io3 ^h p nmpK nctti 

nT32 HHWb ttf kS iS -nDK JdS , 7M^2D 

nu?D DTiSm ^K vn')i3 mi:) ik r:3 
(VnDD*? iivn ^S3 xiDKQ m i:ij7c ik 
nnSian rnua mas nK«fS iS noKr idd 
^52*? Kip:n*? miDK nvKn Dr. . me^sD 
layn ik nutn on'?ui njia "^n^y 112^ \ 

TIDKr IDa HDD^ TTI'-n ^SD TOKD IK | 

n^n inn J? o -lOK^ts^ nitt^ao 1 
,m«>Dn iiD^K*? pwK nirn j, 

IDK iBfK S'r K^tt?3n pj? i33n ni^i km 



{*! kd:s hdk p IK inj^ p ik m^r p 
♦ mtPD p p*?%nDn vn^ja nijm ras 

nJ2 ^J^S '•niDrKS KTDK H^K e]K^ 

p IK nijr p pS^noT d nni3 ^J3^i 
pM ^D n^mi Ka:3 hdk p ik ini; 
nnn ^asSi nn ^an^ ^niorKS ktdki 
n:n imii? ^d m:)T mtps p pb^noi 
. (» mtr2i K-no^KS inmo'^KS n^ntcfK 



73K nrK nn nnp idk ,i3 
nrK n2 ^2 (rTinS) CyiK niSiD 
1^ niioK inK r^KD (m^uE^) i>3k 
'•3SD ,V3K0 n'?^ riKnttfK*7 nS r^e^D 
n3n Sy dkt t^3k m^iD icKtr 
{15D) K*?n (nt iDK) V3KD rn nni^b^e^ 
(nr) IK ,"]^iK n3 ininK niij? Dn3 
. IRK r^KD K%-T nnTS'^ic' n^n b^ idkj 









(njitt'S ni piDDH nr ]iinB3 
73K . ntPK nn miy kdk Kp 
KnnK n2 n^h ktdki i^sk m'^ic 
nS nn ID K:inK Kina idi r^Ki 

KDK KpT V5K p iS rSKT KnnK^ 

p nnT^n Knia *?j; w y2H niSic 
iniRK nni? n^S nnD Kn km v3k 
p nnThn Hm2 Sy^'!3KS ^K-j^nK n2 



.^^n «*5p Ca 

. 1 3 n *'3p (> 

♦ iDn *"3pi n o a ^'spa h 

, p 1 ^ n ♦•sp {n 

. rt n T 3 IK n n a 102 

• n-i^B^^T ,H-iB^3i ^*ap (t 



in^TfTprTTl 1 V D n IfiDD 



n23?n ouinn 



,r3« nD kS ick na ]^3i idk nn kSi 

jM n m ^ 1 D IK n " 2 m ^ i d idhi 
]^ST mirDa m'?i:n pa (nta SiSaV) 

n'»i?a m^iam ('n^a mSiis nnm 
(*iCKJtt? fin m^^o nmK »ip 
nJE Sd Syki m2ini3 cvt pna Dps 



* o ■» K n 5] "s J n 

n*DK n3 iK*7i raK na ]^ai ♦tcki v: 

(K htSdhi ]^a pn mho ik n^a niSio 
pa m^ra KrSnKi pai nnraa 
jD K-i^SnKi ]''ai lar jc <:iKTSn»i 
mSTD nb np nnir^aa m^^nKi . hdk 
m^ic n*? np m^ra ktShkii (^n^a 
niainia Dps pina Dpe (^a^naT fvi 
nhm uh «&« Kpi , a*iKn n:£ *?a Syki 



1DK1 . ntra )b nn^CN i^iais^ (yninS) ^ kSi dik^d D^ai pr'^a innp huh Kpi 
ncK K^r ^iBD cai pt^Sa i;my 'i lap na «dh kSi icki -[^an na ndk 
K*?i lap na ^dk nh: ipn^ yM na ! o^a-i fnnp '^ kck ne(« na kdk k*71 
(pK^S) |ninp Cmn nc^t na "idk ' -tdk (• prn -jnKinKi *?ai i*:^ kqk «p 
Sa ^a (ma i^ pnin) iS ick ,D'»ai || , i^ --atpn k^i pavi^ < » ^a^pm (" p^ -]*? 



pa iS jn nnicK ]n I'^nvnKr (iniH) 
."iS mairn jrwr pat iS niairnn 

(Kin n^HK^) -IK n^nK^ hiidk nrK jai 

pp K^m iicKr nsa pis) .:)a 

(; HT nyim r^p *?Kn pyi 

nna na ik ^aa na nnp a'^nai 
iDK , (^ n^n "innp ^a |nnp nSjn k*? 
Hb TnanaiK i^sna nny 
1*? 11CK ^a (idS*^) |ntip nS:in 



. » 2 > tp m 103 , 'arm (d 



; tj^oits min^ ij*e*2i ntr^n 'D3 (* 

nits' niiAO *iiD^i , ('J n^sp o^^nn) ^ n » i 

; ei^cio mm* *ir«r2i ir»n 'D2 (* 

. n in 2 

, iiun nav2 moitJ y ^ " ^'^^►^ 



iH n^}t pi ^K KnnK^ ktdk hitk pi 

HDK JDT IK 133? ]m 



pp td'^k n*?Kp KD ^£) Sys) ,ja 

"jna na ik ^ja ni nnp a%iai 
Kp ,n:n ^m^y ^a ]nny n*?:jn k^ 
K*? *ina r\2 ik ^n na nnp kdk 
iia na ac:fiS n^^ tdki jnny n^;jn 



. noD^ p^ . -I ^ ^ r? K T 

pi .IJl'i »fl3T^a n^l^fi ]B33 

pi , n a 1 T 3 ; B|^*so >in t>3 (1 

'n^ *]fW2^ • ^ T K 1 n 'Bf*n 'di (n 

ir^n 'ea itrin ;w3 iv) . ^ t « i n * a 

. K OH H ^ * K S"*! nni3 (1 



K^ran pjr^ nt^cn isdd 



98 



nayn omnn 






'D1 KH 5]Un 



DH rm3np3 r^'K n^cKi ^2^n 'dt 



nncK HK^KH oi ]D mDnps 11CK *|r!s^i£5i ^D-frr ^3 n^^'^ip^ ntrK hi^d*« 



1DK1 nnh D^m 3H*:^ nm iir:s iwr^ 

^JtP rD eiK) pS niDHI nS^ flUK HS 

me? |n3 T^n'^ on inn i'sd^k nniD^Kn 

'?2 pi , nw (pii) iKt!frrD pm 
nh TV sniDKH msi-ipxT Sdi D^^npn 
. \n2 on Dnc^ tp^KH 3vni ntCKn nm 

py K^tr^n njfi miiK p*is).«3 

niij? n*?jiji kS yM ntrn nni? 
-j^DK n^K nnj; iok . (* K^n ynn 
miDH r^K ntTKK' (isSS) n *? :i n k S 
* rsK no UH ^m V2H ntt^i:) qk ^k i*? 
nKvnj K^nr (p?n *?!? idk3 n?) dk ^d 
p Di n^tt^:«n 'tpj '^d nhn v2H hw 
"iSKJtt^ (p nnicK) Tcn3 ^iki nmcK 

ntry ir« nnN ^3 i^sk ntt?« *?y3 

pp K^r:rr nOKtc^ hds pis) ,3D 

iH ^iK na ininK nn? 3inDi 
kS fin mSiD IK n'^3 mSiD y^H r\2 
1 m n K n n y -idk , (* ]nii3? nSjji 
ininH iS nUDK ^3 (nnin*?) ^ ^ a K n a 



, TDn n ^ n n M ^''sp (o 






dkS d^^2i 3k^ m33 TIM iKira ickii 
in^nni p*? nioHi nnS ni3» H^n idki 
Kjn pj^^'-nS Kin kiid^k in niD^K 
pS D«S^ nnn ^3 paojo (« ^h naSi 2Hb 
hD^ D^^np *?3 pi , mn **d pac^n ^k 

.(imn ^3 K^na ^^Hi ^2vm 



pP TD'?H HH"! HD is SvS) ,K3 

nnp n*7an kS t^k nipK nny 
y2H nv?H nny kdk Kp .mm i^or 

^Ki r5« no i^^sKi raK nu^iA ^'i'^SKi 
^rj b NH Kin I'-aK ^DJJ (^ nn^Kia 

TCnS iS^BKI pTDN t^«n ^D3 nSJI 

nnjr xdx Kpi , ntc^K ncnn *<^ rn^i 

3CJdS n^'? TDK! Dm «p Kin -|^3K 

Kpi ;0i r3Ki Knnm ki^jt Kiin« 
nhy^ V2H nny r^K ntrxS n^h ^i2?d 
n''^ KTDK ia'?M {" Kin n'^Sn any ^dj 

.(an'finK 

py itSk n^Kp KD ^s Svb) ,33 

(1^1 ^B nhhH ncm 
IK -i^3K na -|ninK niny 3^131 
K*? f m m*?iD w n^3 rn'^is idk nz 
n3 ^niHK niiy kdk Kp . inny n'^an 
n3 1^3 n\iinK n^*? ktdki i^3K 



♦ nianp »"3p3 (3 

, H m n ^ ^'sp (J 

. • 1 1 n » 3 ^^ (1 

.nriiH T5 inn »'3p (1 
, n 1 n '"ap (n . k n 1 d 1 '"sp (t 



97 



K^ttfjn i^yh nniron ifiDO 



*?j^aS Kr^n^ nspj*? nh iidki 
*?3h ncK mnK *?y::h .t^k ninK 



id'?! ncH mn>e hv:ih^ n':iH mnK 



py iGKr ne nwK pie) .3 
K*? -[DK nnpi y^H nw :i*inDi 

^in^'? livin) yno i '^ n k n t i y nctt 
— ? )b nirT^G inH nsi (nny) dkh i (nr 

win (^^its:^:: nnr ncKtt? nc d:ck 

.n'^nK^ KW^nS nS nic«e» nan bv 
Kin n^Jtn hS -[dk niiyi lewi 
3ir)2i ♦ 1CK nnmb nbr pn nK i^n?D 
'':i:n 'i (niK) la ^"cin yin niiyi 
DKn iiD'Ki in3*? 2Hn nic^« m^ne? 
p?nr ieD *d ^r^'n^ nr^ nt n:3S 
Twnnp nK nKtt?^ e^^Kn iid^h (Sid) 
, n':snpS KB^^n*? ntPKn iid^k pin p 
nniny n^jn nb K\n idk ^cki 
kS 3in!ji D^cyfij ^nr ick dijid 
^3 (nD) ^i*? TDT c^Dye %nr nS;n 
('n'jynS nV-yn ^sd ^cn '?r H^nr nc b 
D^Hiip ijn^Ki K 1 n 2in2i , iS nniDK 
^S3 2H br K^nr HD Sa o TDi^ » ^ n 
ntTK pi ,"]*? DmcK nSycS nSiyn 
b^ ni3«Si nStE^ fTa«S «rjnS nnc» 



* * -I 1 n , ^ "; » 1 n * a f^p (n 

, ntaoS pi 1^ "^ n ^"ap (k» 
» {? n»m2t— 'man) n i n i »"3p (a' 



• Bn'ftiaK moHi 



(-|Si ^s nSSit 
«S ID** nriyi y:iH ny^y yn2^ 
«p .nrnny n^jn nb K^n -|Dk n^in 
^D KjnnK 13? ^KDK ■]'»3K niiy kck 
Kn nr3 iKw Kinn nb'^n rvh nr 
nr.y (i^^Mnir ^S r^i^D Kpi Kcm 

(n ^31DJ^«^ n^ ITKI D^Kp n3 Sy ^^3K 

nSin »6 -pH nnyi kok Kpi . n'^nn^ 
,n^D«j ^Dic*? kVt pS n^*? mro Kp 
n^itfi^KT i»i n^3 ^BB (1 ^D« niiyi Trl2^ 

pb DKl KllD^HI n3*? SKI KlICK^ 
^l^m ^371 *31 -jyilK*? (n^Tin ^3 

'^sn rni3iip (o3c:dS r^Ki kiid'^k 
. n^Si^pi (: ^3iDrK*? ntPKi kud'^k ti^pn 
nnny nSan k*? «^n -pH kck Kpi 
n*7;ir! k^ 3^n3i '^^t (^' jnn pK 3^n3 
K^n *pm ^31 -J*? D'n Kp ^^Dn pnn 

pnpl Km 3*fD1 , 1^ p''DK p^Vci KD3 
p'bui KD3 ^3 3K1 (3' '731 D^ll Kp KM 
^3^D3^kS KI^DK n»K pi , ^S p^DH 

p^^Di Kt33 ncKi ni3KSi n*?n ni3K^ 



jii^iyn *i»a K5VT Twfm'i m ptjo (: 

,t303nS /aiDiieS *"ap (n 
, M ^ n Bpi3 wpoa ^ap (^ 



w»3n ppS n*. ^Dn nsDC 



96 



nmnK hy2 ntrK ^i^^S ncnn ^3 * n^nn : nmn« ^n ne*K ^yni ktht h^hk 
pSi n^HK niTK '7j?3 nr« K^n D^r:2 



nn nn^h 126 yb moKi .ic 



<»*K^n rT'nK nrK *?w nrn o^rn 



p (Mk nn3 na ik ni^na i« inrH || jd <2ik nnz ns ik nis na ih inirK 



nrK") msTK '^tr nn p nrKi •:nt£»K p 
}D (pr) p3 jnMvnN ^DG IK nn^ ]:: 
inrK na'? ncnn ^::' . s^n p p^i 3Kn 
inrK p an ow:h:i nns mi n:^ n^i 

.mTc« DiTj-nrj pVi nna pi n:2 pi 

inn n3 byib^ nhi;:^ Sr ij3 ni ^j^a^i 

1:2 ]2^ nh^z pS ncnn ^3 ,0Kn p 
i;2 n2i n*7j;3 nz jn c^s£*33 ^12 ]3i 
Vi32ni2? nci . |n^^j72 cmcw ph ^^^2 nni 
niDK nn ff]^Din^ (Kin) intt^K ns 3nDi 
,nhHn D^2r,pm mnnpn 

n Y D -I £3 D 3 pr iDK n?3i) ,n^ 

(nS irK 
*?I^!i'? KrJnS nncK hstk p^ 



, dk pi 1^31 3K pi p3 u pnwnK *?3 

^K n^j;3 pS ^3iDrKS nzp^h n^ i^cki 
pn^nK ^3 \uh M< in3 p"^ ik u3 pS 

,DK pn p31 3K pi p3 

ntt?K 3D3dS -i3T*^ n^^ TCK^ »r 

; ntrKi init^Ki nj3 p nc»Ki inrK p 

, pi p3 pHM^nK hi (T^D w nns p 

"' n3'' inrK nsi K^mn ek pi ]*3i 3k 

nj3 pi intE?« ]3 n3i3 r\n2 nni 1:3 

,(i pnwr; ^ycH -|3^imtJ^prK nn3 pi 

n3 hyzh ^3iDrKS ^ n3pj^ nS i-'cki 

n3 S:;3St n^?3i i:3 r\2 *^y3Si n*^73 

! p31 3K ]C1 p3 (^ Jl.l^riK h2 pSi in3 

pi 1:3 ]2^ nS73 pi K^eni dk pi 

; 1713 713* 1:3 n3i n^y3 n3 n^mz in3 

KJiin , ;in'^i;3 pi'CK (n-]3Sin p3^K 

\^b7] l^DK n3 '^''IgD^ inrK 713 3713 

.<op3npi n*3Tip 

1£5D "B p3^ l^ "^Kp K13m) •H^ 
^^^3^ '31CrK*^<»** KTDK l^K pi 



(i^ur) p3 3Kn p i^nK*?! .t3k ninw i nief3Q p3 V3K pi vrkVi n^3K mnw 



, n7iD&a p3i nie?3D 



. 1 3 'r n p ; « ^"ap (n 
HKi) Hip^'t icc4 ^Sj? p nc' rn^co (; 

. n T D K i*5pl 



. ; o 1 '"s n^pa (* 



• n'?lDSD p31 



. I 1 ''2p (2 

^'2 nvp . pn^nvtH mp3 ^*22 (a 

* t a ^ ^'3p3 (1 

. p 3 > H nnn k ' n r*.j?e2 ^''sp {n 

.on»mr3 .inmra ^•2p (i 

.Dn*ni« '*2p (? 



95 



K^ran 11 yS micDn ibdc 



nmyi c>ttf: ^:n 



JO m^h r\^2Hh orh moKi .::^ 

en o^tr:K3 Dni:3 ^*?y3 ^tt^:*? nsnn 

^rj ^Sp3*? »*ir:nS mcKS ]nh hdki 
*Sj;3*7 ncnn ^d . iivtr iC2 jnu^ 'Spa 

zn^i Vs^ntr nci * p'hvz dhidk p^ 

^i'^ ]D nwtt?'? (" m::pi Sr p^^ Dnsr 
(* mnp^n ]D p3i DnDrn |D p5 oniJ^ 

pi Dn2? *?r ]^n niDK SdS pS tsdht 

]o pn p'^ja SdS HW2nh ni3p3 Sr 

hy:i nt?Ki t^hk n^K Sjrs nmn) vm 
'i^ynS Krin*? nnpiS nS -noHi •inin» 

nrwS ncnn ^3 , liiinK Sj;^ nrn Sya 
jirK Syn Kin D^riKD vnn ntrn Sj;^ 
nspji ♦mic*< intTK ph .imnK Sys 



11 'taixn ffj^jn 

1 ]c 3d:dS mn«S ]inS n''CK'» .::^ 

K^cm nTOi HDD □rT^:3 ^tt?: "Sy^ (»< ^ 
M ai'j3 ^B^j ^Sy2 n:::i:i onun ^"^ys ^m 
I' niDHi ♦pnmiri (^pTDK p*?M {\3^n 
■►Sya ^r J 'Sy2 p*? >3^Dr«S prrS tdk 
I wz ^*?y:n *<rcni i-r-nn kdd jn^is 
; pSim prN imj3 ^*7y:: ^r j c^r:3 p'»:3 
• i un'22 ^r: ::n3 K:mi . ]in^Sy:i pi^n 
, .(Tpninpi nnnp pSrr (mcK ^nso*? 



I jiS^nDi =!« niipj jDi p3i Dnsp jdt pi 

r TDK! ,ncK ja 'sx i2y p ik nij? jd 

mapn pDi Dn27i pa nr« Sa*? ]^nh 

pai DnaF jDi pn pn^:a SaS ^aici'^K^ 

tc IK j113t p pSmdi f^K mapj jm 

.p:Kjn ^aKH^i noK p ik lay 



Sya nit?Ki T«nK ntPK *?ya nie^Ki vnK 

SysS ^aiDrK^ nnpaS nS i^dki , ininK 

'^ynSi nmnK Sya ntPK '?y3f^i nmnn 

, n^'nK ntPK 

I nrK 20it2h 12^^ n^^ tcxt .is: 
nt£fKi H'^Dm imnK *?ya nrx ^y:3 
hy2 nrK Syn nsjiD rnK nrK ^^3 
nspai .in^K ktdk *]2Sn (' Kin imn« 
nrK *?y3 nrK SyaS ^aiornS ki*dk 



y* H^n mn ;»'Dn nnn>*n npnyns (i 

. rm T'a 1"* on inn« d^ksh c':a^!i nip*7!?t 



, Dun *aMl nKH ^3K ^""1 (* 

♦ nsn n3> pn na (^ 



. 0*21*1 pT •'Sp (1 

npnjrns lem ear; nin ;o*Dn (n 



113 yn cmnn 
*?D*?i ncK ninK Sy^Si h^sk nin« 



]in^nK *7D jeSi hdk ninK Sj;::Si n^3K 



niiTDD 1^2 (nnSi:n)|n^3K pt? p'^nT'nK 
ninn '^y3 on o^tPJHS ic» '^hk nrwi 

nntrsD p3 (DnSi:n) dh^dk ]rtt^ cn^n^D 
mnK *?y2*7 nDiin ^2 .nSic£c ;^::i 
nrn p D^rjn hdk ninN hv2^ n^:iK 

cn^^jrij s'EfJi ph mcnm d^^jn*? 
vaK ^nK ne^KB? id*?^i n^rjS cnicw 

«r:nS mDK^ pS iidki ,{M-iv6e^ 

.m Q 5 M S 1 **5|: (0 






i!:h mnK *7y3 nrHi v^k mn» Sya 
(2 niB?2a pa pn^^K pi pnninK (h'^dt 
vuK ^nx n^Ki (J «>Dm n*:^iDSD pm 
r2K mnK hv:^ n2;n idk ^hk nri<i 
]TCH p'^in prK 1DK mnK Sy^i 
^3iDr«S nspjS nS tdki ,pnmrj 
•HK nrK '^y^*?! n^3K ^n» n2?H SyaS 
pa pm^K ]Di pn^HH Sd p^i riGK 
mnK ^ra-T K^eni n'^iDSD pii mtr^DD 
^nK nc?K D^rjs HDK mnK by^^ m^K 
laSxi hprK ni2H ^nK ne^Ki n^sK 
^nK nrK ana K:mi .pT'^^a pTOK 
manp p't^n -iiDK {^ma ^^ist:^ vsk 
n^^ii; *?ai n^jD id;d*:^^ ]*3npi 
< » na:^ pnmr: ]nTK nn;,!]. (^ tm^Dm 
pmS^a pTDK Q*r:a ("^n^'^'Dm 
^►3 r^K '•nK niPKi (QniD:iK*?i D^rjS 

p 3D3C^ m^KS pn^ n^DKI .K^ 

KDD Dnt33 ^^73 ^8^3 pT om^D ^r: 
'*2id3'^kS mcK*? ]}nh tdki ,(\n^nji 
p"':^ ^tr: •'Sj;3 pSi («* [m^a '»*?y3 p^ 

» ^ !j I a S 1 f'^p (It 
, p n ^ :3 ^ T T ''sp (n 



93 K^trinpjrSmvonifiDD 



I 






Kine^ n^aK "ok*? Kir^nS napi*? nS ' 



nSiDfiD pai (Hmts^DD pa vaK jon v2h 
y2^ mts^ao pa n^ax ]m idk mnm 

pai mrao pa n^ax pn n^aK ^nwS 
nie^ao pa .TaK pi tok ^nK^i h^iddd 



pai mtrao (iSiJir) pa vaKo (vnK) 1^ .nSiDSD pai 

noK ^okS (Kir:nS mrKi) .n'^iDSJD l 

nitc^ao (i^iiir)pa n^aKo (iT^nK) Kintr ;' 

. nSiDBD pai I 

i ne^K aoicS -larS n^S tdki .n 

ne^K nKtt^*? •narS i^ -iidki .n , pai mtrac pa vaK jdt va« '^nw 

(iSi3t8^) pa vaKD (vnK) Kine^ vaK ^nK I pa n^awpi idk ^ok ne^Ki .hSidsd 

(nKtr*? -I1DK1) .nSiD£5D pai mtrac i (amnKT K^cm h^idsd pai nitrao 

pa-TaKD (.TnK) Kinir idk ^hk ne^K ' ""nKi vaK ^nx na^a idk mnxi vax 

ncm ^a . nSiDfiD pai nitrao (i*?i:») i: .(Tpnniiri p^DK -jaSini (^prw ick 

^nKDH D^tr^Ka iDKnin«i vaKmnK*? |l ninK hy^h ^aiD:^K^ napj^ nh i^dki 

• Dnwri nniD« p*? idk ^n«i va« |i nSiDSD pai nitrac pa vaK pi (" n^aK 

ninK 'jjraS kb^jhS nap^SCnS -iidki i; pa n^ax pi OnoK ninK *?pa^i 

(mSi3tr) pa vaKo (ininK) K^ne^ n^aK \ n^aK ^nxi K^cm n^iDSD j^ai mtrao 

(Ktrjn^ niiDKi) . C hSidsd pai nitrac || noK ninKi n^ax ninK D^ir:a ncK "nKi 

n^aKD(nninK) kmb^ noK ninK SjraS '; (n^anSi .pn^Sya p^DK -ja'jini OprK 

•^a .nSiDfiD pai nie^ao (m^^i^e^) pa ; pi ^iKi^ncn^K^ idk ninK*? (^K^^n 

}n w^m^ nDK ^nKi n^aK^nKS nciin !l .n*?iDB 

p^Sya p*? HDK ninKi n^aK ninK || 

ICK ninK*? f S^san nr iiayai .omcK ;; 

.n*?iDfiD (ni*?i3n) c^k iick*? \ 

I 

ne^K nKtt^*? larS i*? ncKi .ta nrK aoicS larS n^S tcki ,t: 



.mnn 'nan Kin '"ap ('j . naa? pi . m ^ s' 3 a ^"rp (« 



canns nain ntn D'.pon ]e phn (' 
n^fiHD 'H nc»OH) mm*? iriTca 'H' laH nc» 



H » n p : ' H '"ap (J 
! . I n n 1 2^ 3 '"Dp (t 



nria»'3 mnntsn ni^i ,J^6 564 »TOvn oncDn ,n'7iDcaipi»aK]?3n 

pj; 1SH1] naSneSn »c ^Hpi : nta (106 rar ': ij? .tdh ]di p icn ar (1 
nxpn: ds^i .'lai napi*? nS tdmi [naSnc^na !, pnmH Sa p'ri : Bi^oia nr r.nm .nSiDBia 
m5?n nm .inH noHo ^jDia dj ih onann ' .nSieco ]'ai mcao ;»a pnian pn 

Sa p*?! : tj'Dw DB' nc a^irca ('■* . naiiaDn |i .H'np:'H ^'ap (? 

.n'riDfio ]'ai mvaa pa pmaK pi pn^K i' ,K3n»a h^i .HaHn*?") '"ap (n 

. a in a r. : «)»dio ^'apa (' I .Kin^anSn 



K^rjn ]^vb mvon ^sdd 



92 



nrnyi cw: ^in 



nr« Sir .Tnx nrs i« (nrh^) n:2 

♦ VDKc nS^ ran nr« mS'-a^^ v^k 
niS^rD in*?:? p nrn (nHr*? mcHV) 
nrK (HKtr*? mcKi) ,ij2S iS^ *inS2 
mS^»«3 ic« S];a Sr vnn nr« ik ii:s 

mS''r3 (linn •?» ihSd) inn Sj^3 Sr 
nn^'nKi nnnS ntiMn ^2 . ugd iS^ in3 
n'»n«i nj3 on D*tr:K:i v:;h nr« *7r 
. in^D p Kin c^riKs ""nS^ nsS nnnm 
EH '!!:k Si?a Sir imnKi in^S nonni 
inn Si?:3 n3^ nnnni ,vnKi un p 
inn Syn p Kin D^tt^iKn (unn nn) 
nicKi . miiDK cTnir: ph (unn pj 
SpnS IK nnn Sj/nS Kr:n^ nap:S nh 
niPK • mS^irn n^nK nirK hr nninn 
SjfnS (KmS micKM . n^aKc iS%n^nK 

• n33D iS^ nnSn mS>rD nnS^ nn 
SvnS IK inn Sj?nS (Kcr^nS niicKi) 
iS*- noK mS^irn ncK Sj^n Sir ininK 
niTK Sr n^HKi njnS ntann 'n , iJtsc 
"mnK S:?ni inn S^n en D^r^n n^nK 
SjrnS (Hmnh micm) . (/ hdk Sjrn Str 
jn (* i:dd iS^ nnn mS^irn nnn Sj^n n2 
D^irjn nnSn pS nDiini » nninKi nnn 
Sr rnKi i;inS nonm , nnSn nn K^n 
nomi » ininKi inn p c^tr^n hdk Syn 
pS nnn Sj^n nn K^n nnn Syn pS 

.jn^Syn oniDK 

ninK nKrS 126 iS hdki ,t 









r.Kiis iDn 



in-i S' 



?5?3"» 



nc 






' a T M n «) u n 

mS* ID vnK niTKi n^nK nirK ik nn 
inSn ]2 nrni (**vnK p iSi vnK nrK 
i:n nrKi i:n jd 1S1 inSn nnS* m 
n^oK mS^ in ick S:;m vnn ntrK ik 
ID inn Sym i:n niPKi n^ro iSi 
nnm (^K^nm n^JD iSi inn mS' 
nKnKi n:n nn:n nmnKi vnK ntrw-r 
inSD p nn:in mS^ nm K'lDni ]irK 
jn 1DK Sj^m imnKi mm k^dhi Kin 
inn Sj^n nni K^Dni U ]wh rnKi i^a 
pTN pS'ini (T Kin inn Sj^n p nn:n 
^morKS nnp:S nS "T'dki .pnniirj 
n^nK nrKT nmnK SvnS ik nnn SjrnS 
(nn^DK p iSi n^nK ntrK mS^ m 
iSi nnSn niS^ m nnSn nn SynSi 
ininK Sj;nS ik inn SynSi n:n p 
n^jiD tSi nDK niS^ id nnf< Sym 
D'-irin n*nK nrxi n*nKi runn k^diii 
ncK Si?nn imnK Srm inn (iSj;n 
mS'^ 12 nnn Syn nn SpnSi \m^h 
N^cni pj^K nniHKi nnn Cn^iD iSi 
K^Diii K^n nnSD nn u^mn nn^D pi 
ininKi inn D'r^n noK Sym vnm um 
nnn Spn nn nnn Syn pi K^cni j^j^k 
, p^Syn piiDK p^mi rn 



ninK nc^oS nniS n^'S i^cki j 



t2l 



'Din ^•t'on'? v'sp (3 



, i«rn 



♦ noD^ pi , H * n *"ap (1 
I n ' c K riVjD2^ ''op (n 



n 3»H 



!)1 



e^in pjrS nivDH isod 



mnyi n^u;^ ^:'n 



pD (* n^nxS Hmr\h n^p^h nS iidki ' 

Kin D^ir:KD ininK*? nonn ^d vok | 
r\h 11DK1 • (* iniTK nniDK p'ji wk ; 
nonn ^2 nninx SjrnS Kwn*? nap^^ 1 
11DK p^ nninK K\n D^ir^a h^hkS 

nna nKir^ ^^rS iS ^idki .n 
nnK) m^^e^D v^k ne^« Sts? nninKi 

11DK1) .V2HU iS^ VDK niTK (HtSiH 

Stt? ininKi ma (nKir^ -iidki) .udd 

IIDKI) • 13DD 1^^ 1DK m*?^e^D 1DK Sy^ 

m^^iTD (i3nn) inn hy^ na (nKe^S 
Kt8^:nS nnp^S nS ^idki . i:dd iS^ ma 
mS^tJ^a .Ta« ntJ^K *?e^ n^mh ik n:n^ 
nS niDKi) .n^DKD iS^ n^^K nrK 
1^^ 7\nh2 mS^tt?3 nnSa pS (««^jn^ 
vmh IK unS (Ktr^n*? miDKi) . njao 
. i:dd iS^ idk mS^tJ^D hdk Syn ^ir 
(n:nn) nnn Syn pS (Kir^n^ miDKi) 
.i:dd iS^ inn m'^^trD 



'01 nn B|nn 

I'^n n^DK nn Hh^ rnK na pi r^K 
niira Ki^mm i^ai niitc^DD (^ Kn^^noi 

^niD^K*? nnp^^ nb n^DKi ♦ (s rroK 
pni niie^DD i^Sm«T pa c^HKnic^ 
pni lay ]D i^'^mKi pa ni3ra T'?mKn 

..TDK p T^mKT 

Kin vnK n^Jia ininKT K^Dm vnK 
nDp:S nS ^^dki . (f^ mts^K ki^dk -jaSini 
n^nKi K^cm nnin« SynS (1 ^did^^k^ 
.n^yn TDK "iD'jin «^n nninK w^m^ 

nrK mS^ 12 V2H n^Hi nninK i« 
mS^ 13 inSa nni v^k p iSi vnw 
iDK Sym ininKi inni i3D p iSi inSa 
inn ^yn nni (n n'^^c iSi idk m*?^ 12 
nnp:S n^ i^dki . n^:D iSi inn mS^ nn 
n^nK ne^KT n^nKS ik n:nS -niD:'»KS 
p^i n^nK p iSi n'^nK nirK (amS^ in 
i3nSi n:2 p iSi nnSn mS^ m nnSn 
iSi ncK m^^ 12 ncK Sym vhkS ik 
iSi nnn mS^ m nnn hy2 pSi n'^io 



niTK nKir^ -inrS iS -iidki ,1 h ntJ^K nc^D^ -in6 n***? tdki ,1 



.nninKi ^''ap (? 

. nooS pi . n » i ' '"ap (n 

pi . nn« nSa^ m S m a »"3p (o 



.iHrn 



nnnjrn npn;;n5 nm^ai) ^3 nxpa (* 
nSon IV m 1 D K nten p non* (ir^n iwo 



, H 1 *: » n a T ^'ap (k 

, n » o K '"rp (D 

. M ni< n M S ^3p (a 

. nc3oS pi , 2 D i ' a S *"3p (i 

|o -lom Dtri) nSya nijreD '"ap (n 

na •TDMTaSinnvMTDHiaSinn 

|o»o '1D1 ninK h^h y\nh mdmi : nc tjoia *"Dp3 

• (noo'rn :i'^ 
• noaS pi . ' n 1 D m S '"ap (i 



H^mm pyS mvon •ibdo 



90 



mnyi c^w: ^3n 



nrKD mnjf*? irn^s in« (* idh .^kh 
H*? nnai ntTK iiny nn^e D'^'?e^n 

ilB^K n«1 V3K ntTK *?y2 nr» ilKT r:3*< 

nrK *7y2^i tok ^s?a n^K Sy^'?! hdk 

nrK^ .iDnn '»2 , f id« *?:;a n^H hyz 
nmR h:f2 Kin D^mni vm nrn Sj?3 

n*? 11DK1 , intTK nirx p^i id« Sj^ s 
HE^K Sr:: ne*^ Sjf:i^ «tt*:jn^ nnp^S 
HDK ^^2 nrx ^3^2*? ncnn ^2 T n^3*< 
p*?i n^3H ni£^« Sjf2 n^H H^n o^rja 
nrnS (mn3^) S^Es^nr nn . nSy3 iidk 
manpn n*?H iidk hdj? ?]^Din^ K'tn v3k 

(^mnK HK nnrS idiS ib iidki .: 
m K^i 1DK na p3 idki r^K m p2 



, ion 'jrn S y 5 n tt» k ^*'3p (n 

^la*?'.!! ^I^S Mini ^''sp (T 

. ntDO^ pi . 1 D ^7 n 1 
* ^ K m , ^ i »« m ^'3p (n 
* n < ni 1 n n '"ap (a 



no»ri) ni3 onann ipnp iz*^n ice Kip in 
,65 ipoa^fiS nrnoip <aipS ,194 |vi"^ ^'3 
S« '1^ pv nsi iitiB3 piB« : ( 105 iv»ii"i 

, (niMnourt 
. 'irn S y a n r k xn v-ap (at 
, *3»n f( tp « S y a icn *'3p (' 
. v» n V n K ^'3p (^ 



m p? *?ipn^KDn^D (»*S-b ,k 

' • 10K Syj3 ntJPHi rat* ne^K *?y2 nrn^ 
. n^3« ntr^e ':?p2^i ncK ^:;3 ntt^K ^yn^i 

^172 niTKi K^em ick (n hv2 nir« Sj^a 
(^«in icK hy:i ntr« H'2 n232 V2« nrw 
n2p3^ nS TDK! . iiir« ki^ck o-]2'?im 
T2K TC*K ^:;2 n^H Sy2^ ^21DrKS 

ntj^K D^r^2 ncK ^^2 nr« Sj/an «^Dnn 
, n^y2 TDK -|2Sim km n'2K nis^K ^y2 
nin2 ^^i2dS r2K ntrH'S K^:m ^""Km 
. n^n^ jm^i c^2npi m2iip f Sn ncK 



^OTflinK 2DJD^ 12?'? n^S l^DKI J 

na K^T ^nH n2 p2T idkt r2K n2 p2 



HipinnmynSy ^"nana e'e nana (m 
2tFn»ti , T tt^ * n 1 B D btP3 nnsy npnyns 

pua HYDS (nt3D^ 106 liny ly^n^n Svh) 
B»3a*D DA «r^ n*ii5n ^cai . 'n {0^2 necS nt 
"ICO 1''3 SnanS *?ai: onn^ Syc* D*3Titn 
atna n'Hff) n a S -i c V h pa^ pv^ n vi a n 
pB^*«ia ^3 . ("inwn mnyn pie in» n^^cn 'oa 
piDci piOD Sa ^H rial i^oDnt ninaina -[nnn 
, n c K 1 D * K pe»'7a ronffni mny r.tt'iCD 
H*?i onvp fi^^Sa "111 '7y ii^rpa lai 'iirai 
.nap:! 1 a t '"^a ^onsfni ainan nai K^an 

, Kiaaa nni'i 
* iDn S M p ^"apa (a 
. nets'' ]2i • a 3 * o S ^ap (a 
. nt:»S pi . ^ a 1 D 3 H *? '"ap (1 



89 



K^ir^n \:yh nivon leoD 



n^^o ^:n 



ini3 DDDDi D^D3 i^nn Kin—? wnpn^ 

njrr i^vpi WK1 eiBim dddic^ Dn^nn 

1DDD1 nnDi nm ontc^ipi oyn S« i^ 

Kin (nrn jsikd) p ^d liS idSd (nri) 
inDi ovn ontc^TpT ('idki .irnpn 
• l^\th^ nrn Dvn {^im^ (^nvtr ynin^) 
viiD D3DDt8^ (nnviS) Dni^Dtr id^dt 

iDvy i^DH^ (inve^ ynin*?) ^t8^^*?irn 
...(*vi-ifivi nyir j^vp KintJ^ 



' a T M n s) u n 

' ^\nD-T ]KDi .nvi^ K^ ^r^^tt^n d^^^ 

! nnD*?i HKDip KDVD rPi«D iintsi icns 
, n^irn«i^Krn -iim >:kd -jK^n e^^^Si ^nwD 

^ir^Sts^ DvSi .T-ifiioai .TnoD u ^pictri 
' oniript Dyn ^^k ^'? rriDi (•'^\nKD 

o^iiD3 vm oniScir idddi inoi orn 
. '•DKH irnpi j^ -n^iD Kp ^tr^^tc^n dt»*? 

nnct Dvn Dntt?ipi ("kck Kp .kvi 
' Dni^Dtt^ 10331 ino^i (1 KiKTH xno^oS 
; vni K^«nD^ K^Kno ]'»3 n^iKD iino-r 

...Onnsitsni .t^kd^ S-'ptt^n 



. ('H |D»o) nSj?aS B^npn 
. ion ^3j3a (* 

pM PHI ♦WKi tjcmi D53r onaan ra^'ri 



. naoS ]3i , ' n D ^"ap (a 

. S 1 p ri '"3p (a 

. S ' n D ^ap (T 

. K a M K p ion '^ap (n 

. TiaSna m 3 t h n laa (i 

: mjTJpnn »bS ama n^n ^rana (t 



K^rjn ]iyh mvDn isdd 



8S 



n^^o '♦in 



, 'isy n Buinn 

1D1K Kin DK1 .rSji *?y 2m3 .th 
3mD n'Ti (*vSji lino (in:i2 dk) 
h2H • V *? ; 1 ^ 3 3 IK r S J 1 ^7 K 
Sye rS:i3 OnK-tme^) r^^^nS 3m 

niKS (pi h2H ,(^vh}'\ ^2 IDKJr 
c-ioi*? i:mK fK nic^p "^sfit n'lz 

D^eiS *i:smH \'m ^nv nrK nrp^ 



(:iDK ,nSi:tn i*?^3 n)^v^ c^^nvr 
mcir ^D i:^ (yni Dips nrKD) |^kci 

^iYi pipi pnp*? (mrnr) rpinr ^jsd 
np^tp iDK:r d^d^ n^nr pi 2ip3 ^rK 
K-ipc 'rn^n 01^3 '^^S ne?K i^npn D^t:^ 
,(* Mt, ;^e>j^ onsipni d^S r^'Ti'' tnp 
Kin ^2 niDK irK h^k^^d iTtt^yn S2K 
»rpin nh ttnp KipcSi pip*? icpin 
^p'^n ^3 C* iniK (?) nriy ^y^Kfnn oi^ni 
^:t£^t: inr im^nb tick pipi pipS 

na? ir3C ^3K^ ^Kn DK1 1DK30 D^D^ 



i*nD:>*5 K21 noc'jSit Ss khz mnno *S -jniQ 
nnana kS p p ^ h) iiuSh *i]?D 'fi ^ovnDfs 

1 ^ : "J p ^ H rh^T\^ vinai , (n vn » mnins 
rnva nmph w^nar tsfniiai neSn DU^ina 

0*^Dn nO^Tl HKlIk |K32 nh fsl^^^B^ Ss |<K 

no yii3 r'? ipn ^tPDnn o Sy (' 



^y ^Ki r*?iiS yjni rn^i nKin "^nh 
2^n2 H'in KDK Kpi »« mn *T:.nDi kiji 
»p (»*mn n^7i3T '«njD w i^'^in hy 
r'7:j-i?]35 IK v^jn *?« 3^n3 mn kdk 
Kn:^ ^ye n^yi23 vSji^ 3n3 k^^k 
(aj^p^K pnnKnm kdb? '^y n^yui 
nrpi n^ns mK*? ^3k , r*?:»i ^i^ ^^nsi 
(^n^^Di n^D n'^'^cS <TrD jrs^ k*? 
^nvn niKSi K\n '^tiv k*? nrpi km niy 
.pnGJt K^ ^nX IK^T niKSc 



3r ts'Kir ^£ py oS^n ipi) .3 

. (^Kp T^D^Kn hv^n fK 
n^S ]n3j? '^isv K'':sDm jS k:i3i 
3np nh •'IV1 p-ipi pnpS r^pn^Ki k^o 
o'D* njr^r s^nsn ^dv rjon kS^k 
jsfip Kipc ^rct£?n 0^3 "'•»*? ntpK i^^ipn 
"p^K /"*? nrK cnnipm U2^ hm^ 
I Kin p^p^^i TDK kS r{2H^i2 n'V?y2 
I .e^'^piTK K^ B^np KnpoSi ^r^p^TKi 



n'pntrt:^ i^CK ^DV inn jd ^ets pnpi 
roSe? nnr ntr^o ^sk* Sdkh dki dtidi 



.Kin '?''ii nnna (k 
?np^M W (a 



» n ijija 
.Sjiniiaa noo*? : inaia nm^n ♦ca {■ 

.p©oa ITT* )ait 

? |ni^*5B ,pin er Sj? : ih (' 
*oiMn e)Ua *:ipn ^cS ^noj-in (* 
Cfi ne^pn: 1331 ,()'p<K nn/i Mp»n> 
HO ] V ' •* • '^^"'^'^ ^^**^ • ^'•^^ ^^'^^ imaa 



87 



K ^ tr i n 



py ^ 



nivon 1SDD 



n^'»o '»:n 



(iiy) 1DW1 n*?Dn n^on lewe^ jDrn 

DnD nh^ HDi . ]Dt8^ n^nvi n^D nyi')i 

pirn ^D nrn ron^ i^ nenni n^on 
^ir Kin n^^ioS (o^npiS) o^trijr iJn^«tr 
(niK^) jiDtrn n?'? roi ^in^n ^3 . n:iK 
D^Dnv ^3 (yninS) Si en anair 'n 
ncnn pec Kinr ptr {nnph) i:n3K 
Kin nn .ia d^Sid i3n:Ktr ^'jsn Sk 
o^lfiDcn 1D2 (* o^Kvn ^:trD Kinr ruKn 
.(*D^Kvn ^:trD wy^ (p o:i) ontr 

ni^in iTK-i nyi nniK) .ta^ 
^S:n *?? nS^cn did phn r\':nh invtr 
(nDK .SiD:n 

C nitroS ^nv iniK d^^idit ^di 
mi^ni iDKitj^ v^:i-i Sy nS'^Dn did 
Din nn . C 1'*?^*^*? yjii^'> n^D n^iy nK 
hy iniK iin:K D^ntriDr nS^Dn Sr 
nS^DD jDmn iDKr n i k S Kin n? hi')n 
nn\ni DDn^iy "iirn hk dhSd^i idkjcs^ 
ns nnD • C 03^^21 ^rn nn:3 hikS 
nw Dr DHDi n^^n niK*? n\ni 
Sir DT .CD^nnn Sy hikS dd*? Din 
hv iniK i:mK (dw:d) D^ny nS^Dn 

^3 (n"' P*d) nSraS irm i^ai (* 

n'oiK3 1 a t8^ jffiV2 »3 . nino*^ w (* 

.nna;;a mo ritrn n;inin» 

. 'S nnii D ' n |nn ^3 lOKm 



nmD no nmoS nS^oS n^itrK nSen 
Knir^D:3 na^yi KnS'»D3 Kn^o^D^ (« ^itk^ 
nSiSn nmD d^idi nSon n^D^ D^nsi 
K^yni KnS^D K^yn ^D3 nS^D s^k ptr^ 
^a:i }Dtr*? n''3 (^^ n^riKD nhi ^^Km . fctr 
KnS^D^ (inK^nDt ^'Z'n Oo nnae nS^D 
\i'^i2y^ Kntr^Di ^'•Knn dkp^d noni 
nKip (nnKDm Kin kti^dki nS'^o*? 
jryni SiDn 3^n2T md Kntr^D '•^khS 
jr^nDi wkdS (1 ^DKin KrDD Kntr^o 
n^3 '^fiDK ]nn D^Kpi kti^dk ir\m n'*^ 
.^fiDK pn T^yKi neiD S^pKtc^ (t'»3 



niSKi'^K DKi n^^K 2m kd ^b) .d^ 
^'?:n ^Sy njKnD^K dt j^y^ Sy:i p 
(f?Kp iih^dSk 

iDtr^D^ ^yK2 n^S ]^SnDT |kdi 
niiDni a^nsT n^yna Sy nS^D dtd n'»S 
DT ^''Kni . rS:nS y:ini n^n nHy nn 
niK^ li^n '?:n *?y n^h j^nDtri nS^Dt 

HK Dil^Dil D\n3T nS^D3 KJDm KDK1 

^j'^n nna niK^ nnMi dddHj; -itrn 
nnn niK^ nMi < n KSKn odd • ds^:":!! 
Sy hikS mh Din n\ni (» DnKn :an3i 
n^yiD Sy n^S pnny nS^Di di • D^nnn 



.naoS 



pi .3'nD >''Dp (2 

. n a n 3 1 ^"^p (i 

. n D T n ^'sp ( n 

. » o m '"ap ( 1 

,*2 nDn '"ap (? 

, K 3 n '"Dp (n 

.Dnn '"ap (a 



• '* 'T DW (^ , i"' 'a Mip'i (» 



K^r;n iJp*? nitcn iscG 



86 



n^^a >in 



n^^DH Sj? -iGKj (nr h::) djdk • (* inert 

D« '3 .an inio'? hSk ^3 S2 ^:tr: 
n'^^:;^ D^^H . (^ 1*? n n^n h 3 sms n*n 

1S3 nn icKjn DK u prntp nn nnK 

kS in^K mS^n cr^ 7nn^*t:i 

iSd kS S«-itt^^ ^D (nti) rni . pa^ ms 

nhnz {nh^nr^ nn) nniK c'lt^ij? r:m« ^3 

nin^T nn'?i::n k"? nSom ns -iO«:tr 
nSc3 "jnniD pip S^^ nniDn Syk 






^2 HCRI *?iy ^O: ^3 KCK . pHK riHi 

iw h2 h^ ^:n in^^im S«i?r^ '^Ji ^ai 
sns kS 13 ^3«^ nS 3n3 ^«n pJ^« 
^M ^D«n^ K^^« n^^ (w^jiKD nin ':'3 
D^Siy S«iB^^ ^^sf ^ynwS *?3 ^3 in3 



3Dn Kjn«n .1131 kc n3 ^ip ks 13k 

(nSip 

Dn'/D3 S*<it^'n DnNi Kp iits? nn3 



fpy ^Kp) .n^ 
nnSen nh nhcn^ ukqh «pi 
3^n3i Kntc^ci KnS^c3 nS pn3n 
h«nS^Di nVDn3 ^n n^3 ^ets nSsn 

nn^Dn k*? n^Dm < ^ n^nn 2'n2i Knr^D 
nSD3 ^nmD pip S31 nmc ^3:1 3'»n3i 



.'ID ^ap (n 
.nn **ap (a 

, H n *? ' m S*^-r nt**»i (n 
.Han ^'ap (n 



.'3 't o'vsrn Tr (* 
pip nnan hv iiovsr nj? V^ (• 

♦ ('t3 p^) nSyo': nt iwa 'irna , nocn 
. (hiv V a 1} n*'a a*' niDC (* 



85 



K^trin pyS mvon ifiDC 



|-v 



n^'»o 



najrn Dunnn 

WH12 KVDi nh'^n ^ir nr S i d ^ d:i p 
f?iD^ nS^DD }Dmn -idki .nnDtn 

nh'^yn its^n ^3 nK "|vin^ invi . nenn 
le^D -iDKiir ^hv Dnpn hki in'-.K 

12 ei^Dim 'n (niK) in ^i^Dvii 1^ n 
riK TinnS (^nvB^ id^S) 'n . '1 (mx) 
(n'n^^^)'^ . nf?iyn dj; innpSi i^ir onpn 

^^nnn*? 7-ivr (noS^) ny2} hn 
• nnarn nya:i ^vkd n^yo^c iinnn 
D^^e^n^ (7-ivir) nnm^ m^-ij^n 
nnarn (*^£id ^:t8^ ^vk necS iDinnn 1 
Kin ni^nyi ni^ijr nin^n idk o i 

i 

(:py ncK) .re j 

n«) iniK D^SiD i^mK its^KDi | 

D'^DD n^^en oi hk linjK cvnn (i^^n " 

i:mK Dntripi d^ijik hr jcri nSe I 
(* D^nirs '?t8^(nvSt2D)niK*?a ^ntra nniK i 

n^DHi •»ytt*D'? nvnn nh d^D2i -j-ir m^ ' 
D«i •Cn'^nn k*? Snnm nnSen nh 
^ntK mSin orn ^nn^ic {:l^n27^) nr ? 
m S n D 1 Dma n^n mhnn S? new ■ 
ViTn^iD diddS inv ,Tn xh "]niK 
■jntr ma n^ (ainan) nr dki .dv3 

nnain n«iin 'C3i . niop n^^afni n'jn:! nvnh 
nhnn mS 'jnnni ainan pe^^o n^n p>' 



wem KDK1 nn^K rrnan Kt8^n:3 ^oi 

.Knts^niD Ktt^iD'' '»D nnDTD nHjrS 
n^SnS n^pDBD ^yKn n^^y lira n>^i2^i 
ana ^Kv inHy le^n n^nai .Tcip^i 
••fifii in n'^n ^cts n^*? ^:id nin nHy 
n^Spe^^D n^DipS n^pDeoS <'« in i«i n'»3 
n^iye nvr^ Kf?i iki n*?-iy nnn 
^Knn^ ^K^^yD nHyS n*? i^posi . n^o 
nyn:i ^k ^Knts?^ •'in nK ^d''i 3%13i 
KpDfia ''^innK ^Kym nya^ ^k m^iyn 
ni'^iyn nnan ny^i nn^o '•x^^ye 
pin nn^ ^xnnS n^pKoe^ '•ei^tc^S 
niHy nnip kdk xpi niian "sibk 
. KM jnm K:tr^S niHyi 



(]3y ^Kp) .re 
xj?!*? n^^r Inline n^^ jr^nc i3i 
Kn^^D nh'^nh nh pnayi k^dd h^^dt 
pninn n^ pncKi xrucKi Kne^^oi 
Dva 7nnSiDi rnsT «:Kn^3T nnn^h^ 
nh D^Dni iitt? nna nh -[niK mSin 
Snnni nn^on nh nSeni •^yreS nvm 
DV2 7nn'?iD ^^Kn "ki .nSnn k^ 
(3 rnto nin o^Kp m^ hy inw mhn 
Dna^D u^yw nin kSi iniK mSn^i 
■jitt? ni2 nh ^^KH ^«i DVD ^nn'^iD 



.in icn ^''Dp (M 

. naoS pi . 2 » n 3 ^"ap (a 

. » 3? D ^"ap ■. 5 

. 'i 'n r«^in' (- . n"' t"* n'»Kia f' 
. niiatn n^f 'is^ Sxh :ih (' 



K^ttr^n pyS m^DH iisdo 



84 



n^iD i^n 



On?*? -Jim 1DH1) J* 

«Si *?Knt£»'» '►jn riK Sid 3m:j n^n 

3ni^ n^n Kin p dk , Qn^s^K^ nh'^^ 

^D IJfn^nS Sid airt idkt 3inDn 

a^n wri:^ jsinn nra Sd «Si Sar ^d 

.SidSi ^le^S 

V121D inK Dipen nom) .t- 

(:ni pijrs 
— ?(n'JB? DS;s3) SniDT 2^ kth jki 
nSipn ninns mpoo myn tS o^^mn 
np:i:j Sykd hS^dSd ntt^K-13 Smno 

♦ nnDin ^s Stck ijf SKOtc^S ^mm 
V11K -|nin KVT nnain ^d Syk^ nym 

(:C*nSi?n nniK py idk) .id 
K^ni , nn^TH rKiD hkyo: K^m 

(novy) nonsi nonn p npSjn nann 

I or idk:i ^ 1 d ^ nS^os lOKjr jr:; kS 
m^H^ iM .(^iSd'' nSne> rKiDi 
nSiitc mni {by) idk3 f iSo^ 
niDncs mo nitii , '^ 'n j?nn' (- 



(-[H^ K^^Kn SKpi) ,r 

rrS TpsQ Kpi Kin Skic?^ Shd^d^ ^ki 
mn hSi Sn^its^^ ^;3 dk ^id rnK^ nin 
.(3*TJC» 3\-iKD mn kSi 3itt' mK3 
nS^oS n^jc? h'^jk^ "khi nnox -ki 
*T:tt^ Kin ^DKn ^k kdk Kp cnvri 
kS^k , 2^nKD mn «S aie^ a^nKs mn 
piiKS ^id 3W1 rnKD^. nK-'.p pn 
k:i3 "^^Kn ^2 S\nKO k^ fjS^nKon ikci 
. Snc^D ^"t iKinoS r^nnD tj^nnsn 



nOKSa p "I3K rvlD ^£J SKpi) ,T 

K2i2^D n^S f pcfl S^nn iiKn ^3\m 
iWKns S^nno nSiy ninns oipDo 
po^S p^Dsi nn^rn nj?3:i nnSo ^kS^vd 
IV Skok^S pT£T nn^r ^s nnS i^; 
mnsr ^s nn^n Kse^Di mi2? ^s nn^ 
K^Din n'^S nvm ^KnnS ^kS^^d n^S p^ci: 
, mSnyn nj^^i Ski 



((nnSnjrSK '£ pp Skp) .id 
K^Dm nrr^K nnan Krn^i 

KpD£D1 KnD^n Ktt?3SDl Kri^SS 
KHD^m kic^i^Sd mi3TD KSpnr^Di 
rJJ k':^ KnD'n3i Kno^n p ^^pntr^Df 
rK-13: DHKn rn^i Sid'^ nS^on 3\n3n 
B^Ki (T iSd^ "i^^Kn HD ^Sd^ rhyiT 



2'nK3 



,|it3 ly TOh I'ap (K 

mn «S 1 icn »*3p (3 



, n ' : r 



,n*7iy^i* le ion ^"aps (n 
. S 1 D ' '*3p (T 



83 



ran py*? nixon tbdd 



: 



lOD C "inK ^113 niryi oe^ "id«31 n e^ jf 
-!»« Sd dh itry^i iKiD** 033 3^ D3n 

D33 -IDNI 3in3n pipi .(^'^^ HIV 

iniK iry^ nS ripn ^^3 ^3 lynnS 

(niv)nr nirr p im .^K-ie^^ dk ^3 

iniN ntj^jf^ kS 13 D^^niDtt^ ^S3n o 

.*7Kntr^ DN "3 

(:(py nD«) .N^ 

i^mN i^Ki 13 D^^mer 'h^n nn i3n:« 
.n^^DD 13^ n-in« mi3y i3 D^rijr 
n\i^ mp oe^ newi i*? nc ncKie^ 
miep *?e^ 1^ Kinn ne .(*'^'^ 1^ 
irnpn^ invtr (nni