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^ [IjS IGOI5.7 





President — Francis Joseph Swayze, of Newark. 

Vice-Presidents — Charles Mandred Lum, of Chatham; George 
Rowland Howe, of East Orange; Charles Bradley, of 

Corresponding Secretary— A. Van Doren Honeyman, of Plainfield. 

Recording Secretary and Librarian — Joseph Fulford Folsom, of 

Treasurer — William Connet Morton, of Newark. 

Trustees — Frank Bergen, of Elizabeth; James J. Bergen, of Somer- 
ville; J. Lawrence Boggs, of Newark; Frederick A. 
Canfield, of Dover; Hiram E. Deats, of Flemington; William 
S. Disbrow, of Newark; Edwin S. Lines, of Newark; William 
J. Magie, of Elizabeth; Charles W. Parker, of Jersey City; 
Joseph M. Riker, of Newark; Austin Scott, of New Bruns- 
wick; Wallace M. Scudder, of Newar)^; Edwin R. Walker, 
of Trenton. 

Woman's Branch— Officers, i9i6-'i7 

President — Miss Altha E. Hatch, of Morris Plains. 

First Vice-President — Mrs. George Batten, of Montclair. 

Second Vice-President — Mrs. Charles W. Parker, of Jersey City. 

Third Vice-President — Mrs. Henry S. White, of Red Bank. 

Recording Secretary — Mrs. Washington Wilson, of Metuchen. 

Treasurer — Mrs. Arthur H. MacKie, of Newark. 

Historian — Miss Gincvra Freeman, of Orange. 

Corresponding Secretary — Mrs. Harrie Pennington Whitehead, of 

Auditor — Mrs. Ruth E. Fairchild, of Parsippany. 

Call Printing and Publishing Co., 
Paterson, N. J. 




From the Volumes of the 


With Additions and 



•v - 

Correspondinsr Secretary New Jersey Historical Society 

NE W AR K, N. J. 

Prefatory Note 

The Collection of "Ne\y Jersey Biographical and Genealogi- 
cal Notes" embraced in this volume consists of the more important 
biographical footnotes appearing in the yarious volumes of the 
"New Jersey Archives," with the corrections and extensive addi- 
tions made by the late Mr. William Nelson, Corresponding Secre- 
tary of the New Jersey Historical Society. The work of extending 
these notes was begun by Mr. Nelson about eighteen years ago, 
and much of it was then put in type. From time to time he added 
to it, and, at his death, August lo, -iQi^ the matter was nearly 
ready for publication, h: is evident, from various marginal notes 
made by Mr. Nelson, that he had not fully completed some addi- ' 

tions to the proofs, but the work is now published by the New I 

Jersey Historical Society just as prepared and left by him. No 
attempt has been made to verify the innuunerable dates and refer- 
ences, as, indeed, that would be an almost insurmountable task. 

It is believed that this volume will prove extremely useful 
to those who are making biographical or genealogical researches. 

The work of seeing the matter through the press has devolved 
upon the present Corresponding Secretary. 


Corresponding Secretary. 
Dated June, 1916. 

Nev Jersey 
biographical and genealogical notes. 

JOHN ADAMS, of Salem. 

John Adams was from. Readingr, in Berkshire, England. He married 
Elizabeth, dau. of John Fenwick, and came out with him in the ship 
CHriffln, Robert Griffith, master, which arrived off the present Salem, on 
the Delaware, probably about the first of October, 1675. He brought 
with him his wife, and three children — Elizabeth, eleven years old; 
Fenwick, a lad of nine, and Mary, aged four years. Adams is described 
in the records first as a "weaver" or "clothier," indicating his occupa- 
tion in England, but after his arrival here he is designated as "planter;" 
by 1686 he is on the border line, "yeoman alias gentleman," and in 1689 
is a full-fledged "gentleman." On March 24, 1674-5, Fenwick gave him 
and his wife a patent for 2,000 acres of land in the proposed "Fenwick' s 
Colony," afterwards "Salem Tenth," and ultimately Salem. He was 
among the signers, 25th of 4th mo. (June), 1676, of the agreement for 
apportioning and settling the town of New Salem, affixing his mark to 
that important instrument. On July 14, 1676, he received from Fen- 
wick a warrant for the survey of 500 acres, which tract was deeded to 
him Sept. 12, 1676. On Oct. 18. 1676, a tract of 1,468 acres was sur- 
veyed for him. He had a decided predilection for affixing his mark 
instead of signing his name to documents of all kinds. He and his 
wife incurred the displeasure of the local court on Sept. 13, 1680, but 
frankly acknowledged their fault and promised better behavior in the 
future. It is doubtful if they kept the promise. John Fenwick, 
in his will, dated Aug. 7, 1683, Indicates his lack of confidence in 
his son-in-law, Adams. The latter does not seem to have exerted 
much influence in the new community. He was a member of the West 
Jersey House of Representatives for several years, it is understood. 
He lived at Penn's Neck, Salem, his tract being known as Sapaney. 
His house, built at Ivy Point, near Market street, Salem, stood until 
about 1825. No record of any will by John Adams or by his wife has 
been found, nor is it certainly known when they died. They are not 
mentioned in the will of their son Fenwick, in 1689, and may have died 
before that. Issue: 

i. Elizabeth, b. in England in 1664. Her grandfather, John 
Fenwick, in his will, dated Aug. 7, 1683 (when she was 
only nineteen), proved April 16, 1684, provides: "I 
doe Except against Elizabeth Adams of haveing any 
the least pte of my Estate & her heirs for ever, Ex- 


ceiit (he Lord open her eyes to See her abominable 
Tranagresalon ogalnBt him. & me her poore father by 
Klvelng her ttue repentance &. rersakeing yt Black 
yt hath been the rulne of her and becoming penitent 
for her slna," etc. Col. H. G. Johnson, In his "His- 
torical Account of the First Settlement of Salem," 
says: "pYom that Ullcil connection hath sprung the 
families of the Goulds, at a little settlement called 
Gouldtown, In Cumbeiland county." 
2. 11. Fenwlck, b. In England In 1666, John Fenwiok. In his 
will, appoints William Penn guardian of this grand- 

IJi. Mary, b. In England in i«71. 

Iv. Walter, b. In Salem. 

vl. Ann, b. in Salem; m. Samuel Hedge. 
-1. Fenwlck' John' Adams prob. ra. Ann Watkin, Aug. 18, 1887.— Saleni 
wm». 2;11, reversed side. The will of Fenwlck Adams, of Fenwlck'a 
Grove. Halcm county, gentleman, dated June 7, 1689, was recorded 
August i6, 1689. He makes his wife Ann sole heiress and executrix 
of his "worldly" estate. His personal estale was appraised at 
£76. 17. 10, Including a tankard o( 66 lbs, of pewter at twelvepence 
per lb. If he was In the habit of draining that huge tankard often 11 
would account [or his presumably untimely death.' Issue: Sarah, m. 
Kobert Plckman, She and her husband, by deed Aug, 23, 1718, ault- 
clslmed to John Champneys, grandson of John Fenwlck, all her rights 
in the estate or her great-grandfather, John Fenwlck. and In the 
estate of her falher, Fenwlck Adams, but not In the estate of her 
grandfather, John Adams.— Soiem D«*i. 1716-1797, p. 64, 

There was another Fenwlck Adams In Salem county about this time. 
In 1676. Sept. 4, he was appointed by John Fenwlck to the office of 
Register of Salem Colony.— iSalen Burceya, 1676, p. 86. He signed lour 
deeds as a witness In that same year. — Salem No. 1, p. 118; Solent Dmdi, 
Liber E., pp. 1, Z, 4. By 1B80 he witnessed several more deeds. He Is 
charged with asslsUng Fenwlck actively In his resistance to the claims 
of the Governor of New York, on the trial of Fenwlck, at New York, 
Jan, 12, 1676-7, No other mention of him has been found In the 
records. The writer was disposed to assume that he was the grandson 
of John Fenwlck. but Mr. Edson Salisbury Jones, of Port Chester, 
New York, has called attention to the foregoing data, which appear to 
preclude that assumption. 

By an error In N, J. Archives. 23: J, the account of the estate of 
Esther Adams immediately follows the will of Fenwlck Adams, 
whereas it should precede it, following Esther's will. 

>Heru Is a [ac-slmlle of part of the Inventory (recorded In Salem 
Wills. Liber A, f 33), Including the pewter tankard In question. 
From the total valuation put on the-e Items it Is evident that the 
tn.nkard weighed but 66 oz,. Instead of as many pounds. 



REV. JOHN ALLEN of Woodhridge. 

The people of Woodbridge, founded In 1665, made repeated efforts to 
secure a settled pastor, but duringr the first fifteen years of the new 
town enjoyed only nine months of religious services, with the brief 
pastorate of the Rev. Szekiel Fogg, in 1674. On July 15, 1679, they 
commissioned Captain Andrew Bound, on a voyage to Bngland. to treat 
for a minister, at £50 per year, with the use of 200 acres of parsonage 
land, and probably a residence, and to bring him over at the expense 
of the town, in case he was unable to pay his own passage. They also 
sent by the Captain two letters, one to Dr. Ovin and one to the famous 
Richard Baxter, setting forth the needs of the Woodbridge congrega- 
tion. The results of this mission are not known, but in September, 
1680, John Allen became the settled preacher in the town. On Novem- 
ber 16, 1680, the inhabitants agreed to a voluntary subscription toward 
his salary, instead of the usual custom of a town rate for the purpose. 
On January 1, 1681, it was resolved in town meeting: 

"We the freeholders and inhabitants of Woodbridge having sent to 
England to have an honest, able, godly minister to Come over to vs to 
preach the word of God sinserly and faithfully — and Mr John Alin by 
the providence of God being for that End Come amongst vs, and we 
having had Sum Experience of his good Abilities: are willing and doe 
hereby make Choise of him to be our Minister and desire to put our- 
selfe under his ministry According to the Rules of the gospel." 

In February it was voted in town meeting that if Mr. Allen would 
consent to remain in the place as its clergyman he should be made a 
freeholder. He consented, and on November 15 ensuing it was voted to 
present him with a house-lot of ten acres. In pursuance of this reso- 
lution and agreement, John Dennis, carpenter, deeded to John Allen, 
clerice, both of Woodbridge, January 26, 1681-2, "a messuage there on 
the road from the Meeting House to the Common Court House and 
Prison, nineteen acres and a half, bounded on tho north by Elisha 
Parker, on the west by Daniel Greasy, now Thomas Leonard, on the 
south by Samuel Moore, with said road between." Also seven and a 
half acres of meadow, bounded on the east by a small creek dividing 
it from Elisha Parker, on the south by Crane Neck Creek, on the west 
by Samuel Moore, and on the north by the first lot. 

On September 26, 1682, the townsmen petitioned the Governor and 
Council to induct Mr. Allen formally as their minister, and the message 
was sent by Capt. Pike. We have no account of the result of this 
application. Of course, this was entirely unnecessary, but the people 
were probably so proud of their new pastor that they wished to have 
him honored by the most public oflEicial recognition. 

Unhappily, they were destined to have his ministrations for only a 
little more than three years. On .January 2, 1683-4, John Dennes, of 
Woodbridge, planter, was appointed administrator of John Allen, late 
of Woodbridge, Clerk; Natha*Aiel Fitzrandolph, of Woodbridge, and 
William Looker, of Elizabeth Town, planter, going on his bond. It Is 
not unlikely that in this proceeding Mr. Dennis was acting for the 
town. It does not appear that he ever filed an inventory or any ac- 

There is nothing to indicate that Mr. Allen had wife or children In 
America. If a widow had survived him here she would most naturally 
have applied for letters of administration on his estate. Had there 
been minor children a guardian would have b.een appointed. It seems, 
however, that the minister left behind him in England a son, John 
Allen. The news of his father's death drifted slowly across the ocean, 
and it was fifteen months later, or on April 15, 1685, that he applied for 



letters of administration, which were grranted to him (in Latin), by the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, by virtue of his prerogative to exercise 
jurisdiction over estates lying in more than one Diocese, or over the 
seas. These letters were "on the estate of John Allen, senior, of the 
Island of New Jersey." The Archbishop's knowledge of his prerogative 
was better than his geography. The administrator did not act himself, 
but immediately (May 1, 1685) executed a power of attorney to Daniel 
Allen, of Boston, New Emgland, for the collection of debts, and for 
managing the land business of his (John's) father. This Daniel Allen 
was perhaps either a brother or a younger son of the deceased clergy- 
man. He does not appear to have acted, and nothing further was done 
in the matter for ten years, when the older son, now designated as 
"John Allin, late of London, England, now of Boston, New England, 
son and sole heir of John Allen of New Jersey, deceased," gave a power 
of attorney, dated September 9, 1695, to Captain Samuel Walker, of 
Boston, as his land agent in New Jersey. Next, we And on record a 
deed, dated February 21, 1695-6, from "John Allln, late of London, now 
of Boston, son of John Allin, Clerk, by Captain Samuel Walker, late of 
Boston, New England, now of Piscataqua, Middlesex county. New Jer- 
sey, his attorney," to William Ellison, of Woodbridge, tanner, for the 
messuage of nineteen and a half acres, and the meadow of seven and 
a half acres adjoining, conveyed to John Allin, Clerk, by John Dennis, 
January 26, ISSl.— Daily's History of Woodbridge and Vicinity, 81-84; N. J. 
Archives, XXL, 56, 78, 223, 226, 237-8; XXIIL, 9. 

In addition to the Rev. John Allen, of Woodbridge, there appear to 
have been two other John Aliens, contemporaries of his. Dally, in his 
excellent History of Woodbridge, has confounded them or one of them 
with the clergyman, assuming that the latter retired from the ministry, 
but continued to reside in Woodbridge, where he married a wife. Deliv- 
erance, and that he was chosen by the townspeople to various local 
offices, which he held for several years. As shown above, the clergy- 
man was retired by death, probably in December, 1683. 

In this connection it will not be out of place to give a few particulars, 
not in Daily's History, regarding the 

Other John Allbns, op Woodbridge. 

In a deed dated May 2, 1685, from William Camptone, of Woodbridge, 
to Richard Powell, of the same place, for a homelot of ten acres there, 
the tract is described as bounded on the south by lands formerly "of 
John Smith, now John Allan."— 2\^. J. Archives, XXL, 120. This John 
Allen doubtless married a daughter of Thomas Alger, of Woodbridge, 
who in his will, dated January 4, 1687-8, names "grandchild John, son 
of John Allen of Woodbridge."— /&., 108. When William Brown, of 
Woodbridge, died, the inventory of his personal estate was made by 
John Allen, January 10, 1698-9.— /&., XXIIL, 66. John Allen, of Middle- 
sex, made his will on January 4, 1702-3, naming son John, and daugh- 
ters (names not given), under age. He left real and personal estate. 
His executors were John Fltzrandolph and Nathaniel Fitzrandolph, 
junior, both of Woodbridge. His personal estate was inventoried and 
appraised at £45, 14, 1. The will was proved the same month, January 
28, 1702-3, indicating that it was made on his death-bed. No wife is 
mentioned, she having doubtless predeceased her husband. — lb., 10. 

John Allen, of Woodbridge, cooper, doubtless son of the last-named, 
made his will January 16, 1715-16. He names wife Deliverance, and 
children Samuel, John, Ursula and a younger daughter, whose name is 
not given. He devises lands bought of Moses Rolf, and other lands 
inherited from his father. John Allen. The executors named were his 
wife, and his brother-in-law (? John Heard). The will was witnessed 



by Daniel Britten, John Thomson and Adam Hude, and was proved 
before James Smith, Secretary of the Province, In due course. .The 
Inventory of the personal estate was appraised at £103. 3s., Including a 
grreat bible valued at £1, 10s., and a small one at 6 shillings. — N. J. 
Archives, XXin., 10. 

From sundry passages in Daily's History it would appear that these 
John Aliens were Quakers. 


The progenitor of the Allinson family in New Jersey was Joseph 
Alliiison (son of Peter, son of Bryan), who came to this country in 
May, 1718, and settled in Burlington county. He was a grandson of 
Bryan Allinson, of York, Bngland, and Elizabeth Walker, his wife; he 
d. 1679; she d. 1663. Their only son was Peter Allinson, who m. Mar- 
garet Wrlghton, dau. of Michael and Elizabeth (Brinks) Wrighton. 
Peter's son Joseph on coming to New Jersey was received into Burling- 
ton Friends' Meeting, 11 mo. 8, 1718, his certificate describing him as 
"from Great Britain, at Raby in Durham." He m. 2d mo. 20, 1721, the 
record describing the parties as "Joseph Allinson late of Yorkshire, 
Great Britain, but now of Burlington couinty, and Elizabeth Scatter - 
good, dau. of Thomas Scattergood, of Mancefleld township, said 
county." His wife's mother was Phebe, dau. of Christopher Wetherell. 
Mr. Allinson was probably a native of Yorkshire, and later resided at 
Raby, in Durham, taking his certificate from the latter place when he 
came to America. He d. at Burlington, 6th mo. 23, 1756. His will, 
dated May 6, 1755, proved July 28, 1756, designates him as of Burlington 
C^ty, and devises to wife Elizabeth a house and lot on High street 
(Burlington), "which I bought of Francis Smith;" to son Feter, £10 
"and my riding mare;" to sons Joseph and Jacob, minors, meadow land 
bought of Francis Smith, to be equally divided between them; to son 
Samuel, house and lot in Pearl street (Burlington>, "that I bought of 
Richard Wheat," etc.; It also leaves bequests to Mary, wife of James 
CJlothler, and to grrandchildren, Elizabeth and Mary, children of son 
Thomas, deceased, when 18; remainder of estate to wife Elizabeth, to 
bring up son Samuel. Executrix — wife Elizabeth. Witnesses — John 
Saunders, John Hoskins, William Hewlings.— Lifter 2^o. 8 of WilU, f. 311. 
His wid., b. 1st mo. 14, 1688-9, d. at Burlington, August 22, 1768. Says 
a newspaper of the day: "She was possessed of many good qualities, 
that endeared her to her family and FViends." Her daughter-in-law, 
wife of Samuel Allinson, died a few hours before her. "As she had 
always lived in great Harmony with, and much esteemed her Daughter, 
the Sorrow her Illness gave her, affords Reason to believe it was a 
Means of hastening the Mother's End. They were carried to their 
Graves together, attended by a great Number of Relations, and Friends 
of all Denominations." The will of Elizabeth Allinson, of the city and 
county of Burlington, bears date 1st mo. 3d, 1765, and was proved Sept. 
12, 1768. It gives to sons Peter, Joseph and Jacob each £50, "but 
Jacob Is absent and it is not known whether he is dead or alive;" 
mentions daughters-in-law Elinor Allinson and Mary Clothier; grrand- 
children Elizabeth Allinson and Mary Allinson, children of son Thomas, 
deceased; "children" of son Peter; £5 to Mary Holmes; to son Samuel 
"all the rest of my estate." Executors — brother Thomas Scattergood, 
son Samuel Allinson. Witnesses — John Hoskins, Mary Holmes. The 
will was made, she says, "as my Husband's Executrix." — Liber No. 13 
of Wills, f. 429. Of the sons of Joseph Allinson, the most distinguished 
was Samuel Allinson, the prominent lawyer named below. 

Joseph Allinson and Elizabeth, his wife, had issue: 



Second OcneratUm. 

2. 1. ThomaB*, b. 11 mo. 29, 1721-2; m. Mary Bhinn (b. 10 m. 

23, 1727, dau. of Thomas Bhinn and Martha Earl, m. 
In 1718); they were passed the second time In Bur- 
lingrton Friends' Meetingr, 4 mo. 3, 1745; he. d. Jan. 12, 
1754. Thomas Alllnson, blacksmith, of Bridgretown 
(now Mt. Holly), Burlington county, made his will 
March 21, 1752, proved March 18. 1765, in which he 
names wife Mary, daug-hter Elizabeth, an expected 
child, and brothers Peter, Jacob, Joseph and Samuel 
Alllnson. Executors — friend Thos. Atkinson, miller, 
wife Mary Alllnson. Witnesses — ^Henry Paxson, BenJ. 
Bispham, Thos. Laurence.^Liftcr No. 8 of Wills, f. 39. 
His wid. m., 2d, James Clothier or Cloather. 

II. Mary", b. 10 m. 30, 1723; d. 11 mo. 12. 1728. 

3. iii. Peter", b. 11 mo. 26, 1725-6; m. Eleanor or Ellen, dau. 

of John and Mary West. Peter Alllnson, Joiner, of 
Mt. Holly, d. intestate, and administration on his 
estate was granted January 10, 1782, to Thomas Allln- 
son (doubtless his son), tanner; bondsman, Greorge 
West, saddler, of Mt. Holly. The inventory, taken 
1st mo. 1st, 1782, was appraised by Solomon Gaskill 
and Aaron Smith at £110. 5s. 6d.-— Lift. H of Wills, f. 

Iv. Marys, b. 1 mo. 9, 1728-9; d. 8 mo. 12, 1730. 

V. Elizabeth", b. 11 mo. 14, 1730-1; d. 7 mo. 20, 1732. 

vi. Joseph", b. 2 mo. 1, 1734; d. 2 mo. 18, 1800. His brother 
Samuel refers to him In his will as "my poor brother 

vli. Jacob", b. ; he is referred to in the will of his 

brother Thomas, in 1752. In his mother's will, dated 
1st mo. 3d. 1765, £50 is left to Jacob, but it is stated 
that "he is absent and it Is not known whether he is 
dead or alive." There Is no further trace of him. 

4. viii. Samuel", b. 6 mo. 26, 1739; m. 4 mo. 25, 1765, Elizabeth 

Smith (b. 11 mo. 26, 1738-9; d. Aug. 21, 1768); 2d, 
Martha C?ooper, Jan. 29, 1773. 

Third Generation. 

2. Thomas" Joseph^ Alllnson and Mary Shinn had issue: 

i. Elizabeths; Elizabeth Alllnson, of Mt. Holly, m. William 
Chew, of Gloucester, mar. lie. dated April 21, 1774. 

II. Mary*; Mary Alllnson, of Burlington, probably the dau. 
of Thomas, m. George Githens, of the county of 
Gloucester, Oct. 30, 1774, as appears by a certificate 
of the Rev. Robert Blackwell, of Old Coles Cliurch. 
Mr. Githens paid the equivalent of $6 for the mar- 
riage fee. 

3. Peter" Joseph^ Alllnson and Ellen West had issue: 

5. I. Thomas", b. 1 mo. 7, 1754; prob. m. Sarah , who 

d. 6 mo. 7, 1806: he d- 1828. 
ii. Mary", b. 2 mo. 26, 1756; m- 11 m. 12, 1783, William At- 
kinson, son of Thomas and Susannah (dau. of Peter 

and Ellen , deceased, of same place) Atkinson, 

of Mt. Holly, at Mt. Holly Meeting house; d. 1787. 

III. Elizabeth", b. 1 mo. 30, 1759; m. Samuel Clark, of Mt. 

Holly. Children: 1. Joseph Alllnson; 2. Thomas Al- 



iv. Samuel, b. 6 mo. 24, 1761. He appears to have removed 
to Virginia, from which State he was appointed ensign 
of the second sub-legion of the U. S. army, June 2, 
1794; transferred to the second infantry Nov. 1, 1796; 
commissioned first lieutenant March 3, 1799. He d. at 
St. Mary's, Camden county, Ga., Nov. 2, 1799. His 
will was made at that place June 17, 1799; it was 
proved by the affidavits of the witnesses — E. Hebbard 
and Will Mowbray — taken at St. Mary's, Nov. 25, 
1799, before a notary public. The testator gives all 
his estate to his only daughter, Frances Barber AUin- 
son, a minor, and in case of her death without issue, 
then to his sister, Sarah Allinson. He mentions sis- 
ters — Mary Atkinson and Elizabeth Clarke — and ap- 
points his brother-in-law, Samuel Clarke, turner and 
chair maker, of Mt. Holly, guardian of his daughter. 
IQxecutors — Samuel Clarke and Capt. A. Y. Nicoll, of 
1st U. S. Regiment of Artillerists and Engineers. 
Samuel Clarke alone qualified, March 27, 1800, when 
the will was admitted to probate. The Inventory of 
the personal estate, taken March 27, 1800, was ap- 
praised by John Dobbins and John Perry at $2,620.28. 
—W. J. Wills, Liber No. 39, f. 59. His dau. Frances d. 
V. Joseph West", b. 9 mo. 2, 1764. 

vi. Sarah*, b. 9 mo. 17, 1766; living and unm. In 1799; sub- 
sequently m. William Widdifield, of Philadelphia. 
4. SamueP Joseph^ Allinson was a member of the Society of Friends. 
He was licensed as an attorney and counsellor-at-law of New Jersey, 
November 9, 1760, and was commissioned one of the Surrogates of New 
Jersey, March 22, 1762. He was clerk of the corporation of Burlington 
In 1764. In the same year he was also clerk of "The Lower Sluice Com- 
pany in the city of Burlington," formed to bank the meadows on both 
sides of the creek surrounding the Island of Burlington. In 1765-6 he 
advertlped for the heirs of a deceased client In Maryland, for whom he 
had collected a claim. He also advertised a large number of deeds 
which had come Into his hands, and which he thought the grantees 
ought to come and get, for the security of their estates. In 1769 numer- 
ous petitions were presented to the Legislature, complaining of many 
lawyers, for exacting extortionate fees. Among those accused was Sam- 
uel Allinson, but he produced certificates, signed by the Justices of the 
Supreme Court, and three of the most distinguished members of the 
New Jersey bar — Messrs. Richard Stockton, James KInsey and John 
Lawrence — to the effect that they had carefully Inspected the bills of 
costs complained of, and found them to be in every particular correct 
The Assembly thereupon dismissed the complaint. On October 25, 1769, 
James KInsey and Samuel Allinson were permitted to appear before the 
Assembly and address that body In behalf of their fellow members of the 
bar, who had been so generally accused, and with so little justice, when 
Allinson turned the tables on one of his prosecutors by showing that 
the people's grievances were mainly due to the excessive charges of 
the Sheriffs, one of whom — Samuel Tucker — was then a member of 
the House, and particularly vigorous in his denunciation of the law- 
yers. In 1773 Allinson was designated by the Legislature to prepare a 
new edition of the laws of New Jersey, for which purpose the Council 
gave him permission to peruse the first three volumes of their minutes. 
His work was so far completed on January 14, 1775, that the Legisla- 
ture appointed a committee to inspect the laws as prepared by him for 



the press. His compilation, known as Allinson's Laws, was printed In 
1776 by Isaac Collins, at Burlington, in a handsome folio of pp. 493, 6, 
and index, pp. 15. Samuel Allinson was one of the overseers of the 
Burlington school In 1774. He was Clerk of the Burlington Friends' 
Preparative Meeting in 1779, and was by that meeting in that year 
appointed one of the first trustees of the Friends' School in Burling- 
ton. Samuel Allinson was of course precluded by his principles as 
a member of the Society of Friends from taking an active part In the 
Revolution, and his name does not appear conspicuously In that con- 
nection. He married, 1st, Elizabeth, dau. of Robert Smith, Junior, and 
Elizabeth Bacon, of Burlington; she d. Aug. 21, 1768, after a short Ill- 
ness. For an interesting sketch of her character, see N. J. Archives, 
XXVI., 262. Mr. Allinson m. 2d (in 1773), I^rtha, daughter of David 
Cooper, of Woodbury, and Sybil (dau. of Timothy and Martha) Mat- 
lack. She d. 3 mo. 9, 1823, aged 76 years. He died 6 mo. 2, 1791. He 
left him surviving his second wife and two children by his first wife, 
and seven by his second wife — four sons and three daughters. Seven 
of his nine children lived to be seventy -five years of age. The will of 
Samuel Allinson, of Waterford, dated 12 mo. 30, 1784, proved at Wood- 
bury, June 21, 1791, mentions his wife Martha and eight children, to 
whom he bequeaths £500 to each of his four sons, and £300 to each 
daughter; also commends "my poor brother Joseph to the kind care 
of my wife and my son William." Executors — "my wife," "my father," 
brother (in-law) David (Cooper), son William, Amos Cooper. Ouardians 
of minor children — "my father" (in-law), "my brother." A codicil, 8 
mo. 30, 1787, provides for son John Cooper, born since date of the will. 
—W. J. Wills, Lib. No. 32, f. 203. Issue: 
By his first wife: 

i. William^, b. 4 mo. 1766; d. 10 mo. 1, 1841, unm. He was 
a trustee of Friends' burying ground In Burlington, 
1810-1837. In 1796 he was appointed by Burlington 
Meeting to receive subscriptions for a boarding school 
under charge of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting — the 
Westtown school fund. The will of William Allinson, 
of the City of Burlington, dated 10 mo. 1, 1841, was 
proved Oct. 14, 1841. He names brothers David, Sam- 
uel and John C. ; sisters Mary Allinson, Elizabeth 
Allinson, Sibyl Allinson, Margaret Parker, Bernlce 
Allinson (i. e., sister-in-law, widow of his deceased 
brother James); sister-in-law Beulah, wife of brother 
David Allinson; nieces — Martha Allinson, dau. of 
brother Samuel, Esther Hughes "and all her chil- 
dren;" nephews — George Boyd Allinson, Samuel Allin- 
son (to whom is devised "my place at Locust Hill 
where he lives"), John C. Allinson, William J. Allin- 
son (to whom is devised "my house where I live cor- 
ner of High and Union streets, Burlington city"), 
Cooper Allinson, Joseph Allinson (to whom is devised 
"my lot in Juliustown"). Executors — nephews Sam- 
uel Allinson, Jr., William I. Allinson, Cooper Allinson 
and John Allinson, sons of brother David. Witnesses — 
Thos. Collins, Wm. W. King, Wm. Bishop. Thos. 
Dugdale to take charge to bring estate to final close, 
ii. Mary3, b. 2 mo. 16 (elsewhere in the record the date is 
2 mo. 3), 1768; d. 9 mo. 10, 1859, in her 92d year. She 
was an elder in Burlington Friends' Meeting, and one 
of the first clerks of the Women's Meetings, the min- 
utes of which date back to 1800. She never married. 


By his second wife: 

6. lii. David^ b. 1 mo. 14, 1774; m. Beulah Zane, dau. of Jon- 

athan and Elizabeth Zane; d. 9 mo. 14, 1858, in his 
85th year. ** David Allinson an adult" was baptized in 
St. Mary's P. E. church, Burlington, June 20. 1819. 
Was this the same person? David* Samuel^ Joseph^ 
Allinson began printing at Burlington in 1803, and 
during a period of twenty yeais or more published 
many volumes highly creditable to his press. In 
1810 he published a weekly paper, the Rural Visitor, 
useful and entertaining in character. The will of 
David Allinson of Pemberton township, is not dated; 
it was proved Sept. 2, 1858. In it he mentions wife 
Beulah, children Joseph, John C. and David Cooper 
Allinson; nephew Wm. I. Allinson; sisters Mary and 
iJernice; brother Samuel Allinson, "nieces and 
nephews." Executors — sons David Cooper Allinson 
and John C. Allinson. Witnesses — Wm. E. Page, 
Joseph Grimth.— Original Will. 
iv. Elizabeth*, b. 7 mo. 26, 1775; d. 8 mo. 11, 1856, in her 
82d year, unm. She was blind from birth. 

7. V. James*, b. 1 mo. 27, 1778; m. June 6, 1806, Bernice, b. 

March 4, 1781, dau. of James and Rebecca Chattin; 
her father was an officer in the American Revolution. 
During her mino.rity, through conviction she became 
a member of Friends' Meeting. On her marriage to 
James Allinson she removed to New York, where he 
was then in business. He subsequently located at 
Yardvllle. a few miles from Trenton. He d. aged 33 
years; she d. 11 mo. 12, 1858, in her 78th year. See 
Memoir of Bernice Allinson in Friends' Review, 3 mo. 
19, 1859, p. 433. The will of Bernice Allinson, of Mer- 
cer county, N. J., dated 1 mo. 9, 1858, was proved Jan. 
1, 1859. It names sons Samuel Allinson, jun., and 
William James Allinson, who are also appointed ex- 
ecutors, and are empowered to sell her property in 
Philadelphia, "late 218 now 480 North 4th street." 
Witnesses — Saml. P. Nicholson, John H. Broadbent 
and George D. L#eaver. — Original Will. 
vi. Sybil*, b. 12 mo. 26, 1779; d. 8 mo. 28, 1855, in her 76th 

year, unm. 
vii. Margaret*, b. Dec. 2, 1781; m. 3 mo. 24, 1831, Benjamin 
Parker, of Shrewsbury, Monmouth county, son of 

Peter Parker and Lydia , deceased. She was 

recommended by the Burlington Monthly Meeting hi 
1808 as a minister among Friends. She d. in 1857. 

8. viii. Samuel*, b. 8 mo. 7, 1784. 

ix. John Cooper*, b. 7 mo. 23, 1786; d. 8 mo. 22, 1812, in his 
27th year, unm. 

Fourth Generation. 

5. Thomas* Peter* Joseph^ Allinson, b. 1 mo. 7, 1754, made his will 5 
mo. 8, 1828, and it was proved Nov. 15, 1828. He mentions son John 
and grandchildren Samuel Allinson and Sarah Allinson, children of 
John; refers to John's wife, without naming her, and leaves £100 to 
be divided among his brothers' and sisters' children. Executors — 
nephews Joseph A. Clark and Thomas A. Clark. Witnesses — Saml. 



Clark, Clayton Monrow, John Neale. In this will he speaks of himself 
as "aged but of sound mind." — Origitial Will. Issue: 
9. i. John*, m. Boyd. 

6. David* Samuel^ Joseph* Allinson and Beulah (Zane) Allinson had 

1. Ann*, b. April — , 1826; d. Aug. — , 1825. 

ii. Joseph*, b. Jan. 24, 1826; d. Oct. 2, 1862. 

iii. David Cooper*, b. April 29, 1827. 

iv. John Cooper*, b. Oct. 30, 1828; m. Lucy Ann Leaver, 
dau. of William and Hannah, at Burlington Meeting 
House, 10 mo. 23, 1856. Witnesses — Beulah D., D. 
Cooper, Mary, Bemice, Samuel, Ann, William J. and 
James Allinson, and others. Children: 1. Helen Mar- 
garet; 2. William; 3. Lucy, d. young; 4. Charles; 
5. Emily. 

7. James* Samuel* Joseph* Allinson and Bemice (Chattin) Allinson 
had issue: 

i. Rebecca, b. Aug. 27, 1807; d. April 1, 1829. 

10. ii. Samuel*, b. 12 mo. 20, 1808, at Yardville; d. there, 12 mo. 
5, 1883. He was a distinguished philanthropist, and 
was influential in the cause of prison reform in New 
Jersey and elsewhere. For a memoir of his life and 
work, see 2 N. J. Hist. Soc. Proceedings, VIII., 72. 
He m. 1st, June 6, 1839, Elizabeth Alsop, who d. June 
11, 1850. He m. 2d, April 11, 1855, Ann Tatum, dau. 
of Josiah and Rachel Tatum. The will of Samuel 
Allinson, of Locust Hill, bears date 7th mo. 13th, 
1880, and was proved at Trenton, Dec. 18, 1883. He 
bequeaths certain shares of stock to wife Ann, 
and mentions children — James Allinson (a lawyer, 
of Trenton, who d. intestate, in 1887), Rachel 
Elizabeth Allinson, Bemice Allinson, Josiah Tatem 
Allinson, Caroline Allinson; gives $30 to "sister- 
cousin" Georgeanna E. Nicholson; to Richard Cad- 
berry, "Treasurer of Friends* Freedman Associa- 
tion, of Philadelphia," $100 for their schools in Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina; to Children's Home in city 
of Trenton, $100; to nieces Anne P. and Elizabeth F. 
Baily, $100 for cause of total abstinence; $30 to nieces 
Martha Allen, Anna Bemice Lewis and Gertrude Allin- 
son, and nephews Edward P. Allinson and FYancis G. 
Allinson, children of brother and sister W. J. and 
Rebecca W. Allinson, to be shared equally between 
them, "to buy some memento of my affection." In a 
paper dated 1 mo. 7th, 1879, he mentions death of 
brother, and of his own daughter Mary. Executors — 
Ann Allinson, sons James and Josiah T. Allinson. 
Witnesses — D. Cooper Allinson, Joseph De Cow. — 
Original Will. Rachel and Josiah resided in 19105 at 
the old home at Yardville. 

11. ill. William J.*, m, Rebecca W. Hinchman, dau. of John 
and Elizabeth Hinchman, Aug. 18, 1839. He estab- 
lished himself in Burlington as a druggist, but sub- 
sequently devoted himself to literary pursuits, com- 
piled one or more school books, and for a number of 
years was editor of the Friends' Review, since changed 
to the American Review, published in Philadelphia. He 



and his brother Samuel were among: the trustees of 
Friends* burial ground, Burlington, named In deed of 
6 mo. 21, 1837. He lived on the corner of High and 
Union streets, Burlington, in a house having the date 
1731 on the gable end. His will, dated 5 mo. 2, 1872, 
was proved June 22, 1874. He mentions his wife, Re- 
becca W. Allinson, and "children," without naming 
them. Executors — wife Rebecca W. Allinson, and 
brother Samuel Allinson. Witnesses — J. Howard 
Pugh, Rowland J. Dutton, Wm. R. Bishop. — Original 
Will. In the Autobiography of the Rev. Dr. Theodore 
L. Cuyler, of Brooklyn, published in 1904, are related 
some pleasing reminiscences of William J. Allinson. 
Concerning the last two brothers, the writer has received the follow- 
ing interesting letter from Henry S. Haines, of Burlington, the Sur- 
veyor-General of West Jersey: 

"Samuel Allinson, the Philanthropist, and William J., his brother, 
characterized by the Rev. T. K Cuyler. D. D., as the Charles Lamb- 
like editor of the Friends' Review, were warm personal friends of my 
father, who was associated with them In works deemed philanthropic 
by them. Their prominence In temperance and anti -slavery movements 
brought them and others In Burlington, notably Samuel Allinson, under 
the ban of the then existing general public sentiment regarding those 
m.eiLSures of reform; and I can distinctly remember, although less than 
three yeara of age, that the front door of our house was violently forced 
open by the. mob, and the violent indignities heaped upon it and its 
Inmates on account of their avowed opinion In these matters. O tem- 
poral O mores I Now, how changed! The aged aunts of Samuel and 
William, whose names appear In your memoir, were venerated and 
beloved friends of my earliest youth, and It was my privilege at that 
period to meet occasionally the poet, John G. Whittler, at that home 
of piety and refinement." 

8. Samuel* Samuel' Joseph* Allinson, b. 8 mo. 7, 1784; m. 1st, April 
14, 1814, Susannah Dillwyn Smith, b. March 5, 1792, dau. of James 
Smith, of Philadelphia (b. Oct. 15, 1750, son of the Hon. John Smith, 
of Franklin Park, Burlington, and Hannah, dau. of James Logan), and 
Esther (dau. of William) Hewlings; she d. 7 mo. 2, 1816. He m. 2d, 
May — , 1821, Bliza Welsh. Samuel Allinson and Susannah Dillwyn 
Smith had issue: 

I. Esther*, b. Dec. — , 1814; m. Henry Pearse Hughes, of 

"The Priory," Walthamstow, Essex, E^ngland. Chil- 
dren: 1. Hetty Elizabeth, m. Albrecht G. EJggers; 
2. Annie Margaret; 3. Mary Strother, m. John S. 
Cousens; 4. Henry Pearse, m. Etnma S. Cousens; 
5. Emma Martha; 6. Georglna Allinson. m. G. E. 
Hignett; 7. Willie F., m. Edith Cousens; 8. Alice 
Emily, m. Henrj' Lay ton; 9. Susan Dillwyn; 10. John 

II. Martha*, b. Dec. — , 1814; mentioned in the will of her 

uncle, William Allinson, In 1841. 

Fifth Generation. 

9. John< Thomas'* Peter^ Joseph* Allinson and Boyd, his wife, 

had issue: 

I. Samuel^ m. Mary Ann Foster, dau. of Joshua and Ann 
(Robblns) Foster. The will of Samuel Allinson, of 
Springrfield township, Burlington county, dated April 



5, 1870, proved Feb. 4, 1871, mentions son, Thomas B. 
Allinson, and sister-in-law Abigail B. Foster. Ex- 
ecutors — son Thomas B. Allinson and friend Thos. H. 
Sutton. Witnesses — Nathl. W. Fenimore, Isaac A. 
Kingr. Inventory, Feb. 3, 1871, $850.50. Children: 1. 
Anne, d. aged 18 yrs.; 2. Albert, d. youngr; 3. Edward, 
d. young; Thomas B., who in 1905 resided about 
three miles from Burlington, 
ii. Sarah^, mentioned in the will of her grandfather, 

Thomas, in 1828. 
iii. (prob.) George Boyd^ George Boyd Allinson, an infant, 
was bap. in St. Mary's Church, Burlington, March 
28, 1824. Joseph Allinson, an infant, was bap. in the 
same church May 7, 1826. Were they children of 
• John Allinson and Boyd? 

10. Samuel* James^ SamueP Joseph^ Allinson haxi issue: 
By his first wife, Elizabeth Alsop: 

i. Mary Eliot, b. March 8, 1840; d. unm. 
il. James, b. Sept. 23, 1841; d. 1887. 
iii. Rebecca, d. in inf. 
iv. Rachel Elizabeth, b. Jan 6, 1847. 
V. Samuel E., d. in inf. 
By his second wife, Ann Tatum: 

vi. Bernice, b. Feb. 12, 1856. 
vii. Josiah Tatum, b. March 19, 1858. 
viii. Caroline, b. Aug. 2, 1859. 
In 1905 Rachel and Josiah resided in the old homestead at Yardville. 

11. William J.-* Janies^ SamueP Joseph^ Allinson and Rebecca W., his 
wife, had issue (b. at Burlington): 

i. Martha, b. 6 mo. 28; 1840; m. Charles Milton Allen, son 
of Francis (dec'd) and Mary Allen, of Beverly, 5 mo. 
11, 1871, at Burlington Meeting House. Witnesses — 
William J., Rebecca W., Anna B., Mary E., Edward 
P., Francis G., Martha, Samuel, Ann and Rachel E. 
ii. Anna Bernice, b. 8 mo. 6, 1846; m. Glfford Vernon Lewis, 
iii. William, b. 9 mo. 25, 1848: d. same day. 
iv. Edward P., b. 11 mo. 21, 1852; he was a lawyer, and 
lived in Philadelphia, where he d. about 1902 or 1903. 
V. Frances Greenleaf, b. 12 mo. 16, 1856. 
vi. Gertrude, b. 9 mo. 16, 1862. 
—Supreme Court Records, passim; N. J. Archives, IX., 359; XVIII., 395, 
482; XXIII., 4; XXIV., 439, 446; XXV., 4-5; XXVI., 262; Friends in 
Bw'Ungton; Field's Provincial Courts, 167-8; 2 N. J. Hist. Soc. Proceedings, 
VIII., 72; Penna. Magazine of Hist, and Biog., X., 33; XVI., 467; The Bur- 
lington Smiths, 115; 2d N. J. Archives, I., 63; Records Burlington Monthly 
Meeting; Records St. Mary's Church, Burlington. 


Richard Allison came from Long Island and settled in Burlington 
county in 1695 or earlier. In a volume entitled "Burlington Records 
1680," in the Burlington County Clerk's office, at Mt. Holly, is an entry, 
p. 13, without date: "Richard Allison his Hoggs Eare Marke a hole in 

Right Eare a Slit in ye Left thus " followed by drawings of each. 

By deed dated Dec. 9, 1695, John Snowden, of Bucks county. Pa., yeo- 
man, and wife Anne, conveyed to Richard Allison, "late of Long Island, 
yeoman," a plantation of 210 acres on the Delaware river, called White 



Hill, above Sepasslngs Island, Including six acres of meadow on Cross- 
wicks creek, and four acres near that meadow. — N. J. Archives^ XXI., 
495. By deed dated Feb. 20, 1698-9, Richard Allison, of Mansfield town- 
ship, Burlington county, yeoman, conveyed to Thomas Black, of the 
same place, yeoman, 112 acres, being half of above plantation, between 
John Snoden and John Hooton, and surveyed for said Snoden, as in 
Liiber A, p. 57. — N. J. Archives, XXI., 514. Richard Allison, senior, was 
baptized in St. Mary's church, Burlington, in March, 1714, perhaps dur- 
ing a dangerous illness. He was one of the appraisers of the estate of 
Henry Tuckneys, of Burlington, Nov. 29, 1714, and a witness to the 
will of Samuel Territt, smith, of Burlington, Nov. 24, IIU.—N. J. 
Archives, XXIII., 456, 473. During the strenuous administration of Gov. 
Robert Hunter, Col. Daniel Coxe wrote to "Capt. Rich. Allison, at Bur- 
lington," urging him to aid him in getting up evidence against the 
Governor, that he might take the same to England, whither he was 
about to sail. The letter, dated July 7, 1716, was written from Phila- 
delphia, where Coxe had prudently taken refuge from the Governor's 
wrath. It subsequently (probably after Allison's death) fell into the 
hands of the Governor.— A^. J. Archives, IV., 266, 274. Allison was one 
of the signers of a representation to the King, severely arraigning 
Governor Hunter, and asking to have their charges investigated. — N. J.- 
Archives, IV., 306; XIV., 71. Administration was granted on the estate 
of Richard Allison, of Burlington, to his widow, Elishep, Dec. 27, 1716. 
— N. J. Archives, XXIII., 12. Issue: 

2. 1. Richard^, b. in England, 3d mo. 20, 1695-6. 

ii. Elizabeth^, m. Thomas Shreve, son of Caleb (? Thomas), 
of Mancefleld township, 5th mo. 26, 1711, at Burling- 
ton Friends' Meeting House. Witnesses — Elizabeth 
Allison (the mother?), Hannah, Richard and Sarah 
Allison, and twenty- four others. 

iii. Mary2. m. Isaac Hutchinson, son of John, late of Hope- 
well township, Burlington county, 7th mo. 12, 1728, at 
Burlington Friends' Meeting House. Witnessses— 
Elisha and Richard Allison. 

iv. Sarah^ m. Rowland Ellis, April 17, 1715, in St. Mary's 
church, Burlington. Child: Richard, bap. Aug. 26, 

V. (?) Elisha^. 
vi. Hannah^. 

2. Richard^ Richard^ Allison, b. in England, 3d mo. 20, 1695-6; m. 
Anne (b. 11 mo. 14, 1696), dau. of Capt. John Harrison, of Perth Amboy, 
July 6, 1721, the Rev. Charles Smith officiating. The will of John Har- 
rison, gentleman, of Perth Amboy, dated March 2, 1723-4, names her 
and her husband. Mr. Allison was one of the appraisers of the estate 
of Francis CoUings, of Burlington, April 28, 1728. The will of Rlchd 
Allison, of Burlington, Sadler, being weak, is dated Feb. 19, 1730-31, 
and was proved Aug. 2, 1731. He gives to wife Ann "my plate," slaves 
and "rest of real and personal estate." To child Richard "my dwelling 
house in Burlington," etc. To daughters Elizabeth and Ann each £20 
when 18 or married. He also mentions "my tracts of lands in the Jer- 
seys and elsewhere in America." Executors — wife Ann and brother 
(1. e., brother-in-law) Rowland Ellis. Witnesses — Joseph Heulings, 
Benja Marriott, Dinah Bard. — West Jersey Wills, Lib. No. 3, f. 295. Rich- 
ard Allison and Anne, his wife, had issue: 
i. Elizabeths, b. 1722. 

3. ii. Richard*, b. 10 mo. 18, 1725. 
iii. Anne«, b. 1729. 



3. Richard" Richard* Richard^ Allison, b. 10 mo. 18, 1725; m. Ruth (b. 
1 mo. 18, 1729), dau. of Burgiss Hall, a mariner, of Bordentown, 1 mo. 
9, 1751; he d. June -— , 1766; she d. 2 mo. 4, 1802. He was a saddler, 
like his father. Richard Allison, probably the same person, was re- 
ceived by letter from Middletown into the Hopewell Baptist church, 
Nov. 25, 1764, as appears by the MS. records of the latter church. Vol. 
L, p. 24. In 1764, beingr then of Hopewell, he advertised for sale "A 
Good two Story Brick House in Bordentown, with four Rooms on a 
Floor below, and two above, with good Cellars, and a Well at the Door, 
and a good Garden. Also a good Shop, suitable for a Tradesman, front- 
ing the Street with a Stable, Chair-house, and a Cow -shed. "—2^. /. 
Archives, XXIV., 456. It is not unlikely that he occupied this property 
before removing to Hopewell. His will, dated June 3, 1766, when he was 
"sick and weak," and evidently on his deathbed, was proved two weeks 
later, or June 17, 1766. In it he devises to wife Ruth, after payment of 
debts, the rest of the estate, to bring up the children, and then one -half 
of two- thirds in fee; to son Burgis Hall, when 21, one- third of the 
estate; to daughter Anna, when 18, one-half of the remaining two- 
thirds. Signed, "Rd Allison." Executors — son Burgris Hall, friends 
Saftey McGee and John Butler, Jr. Witnesses — Saml. Mulladay, Ste- 
phen Burrowes, Josiah Ellis. Safety Meghee qualified as executor, 
June 17, 1766; the others did not qualify; the son, of course, was under 
Sige.—Weat Jersey Wills, Lib. No. 12, f. 389. On August 14, 1766, Safety 
Meghee, Executor, advertised for sale, by public vendue, on September 
1, ensuing, "The plantation of Richard Allison, late of Hopewell, de- 
ceased, containing 54 acres of land, with two dwelling-houses, a barn, 
and stable, with other out-houses, a bearing orchard, a good piece of 
watered meadow before the door, a good new convenient tanyard, all 
in excellent order, with leather in the vatts, which may be sold with 
or without the place, as may best suit the purchaser. The place is 
remarkably pleasant, situate on the great road leading through the 
country to Hacket's, from whence a great quantity of hides may be had 
yearly; it is about seven miles from Trenton, and one from Penning- 
ton. Likewise will be sold, on Thursday following, the fifth day of 
September, by way of public vendue, on the premises, a brick dwelling- 
house, two stories high, with a kitchen back, a good shop, will suit any 
tradesman, a good hay-house and stable, a yard and large garden, a 
well at the door, it being pleasantly situate in Bordentown, about half 
way along the main street. Likewise a lot of land, lying on Bank- 
street, containing one quarter of an acre, with a young bearing orchard 
on the same, being also the property of the said Richard Allison, de- 
ceased."— 2^. J. Archives, XXV., 187. The will of Ruth Allison, of Bor- 
dentown, presumably his widow, dated June 26, 1795, she being weak 
at the time, was proved March 6, 1802. She mentions only one child, 
Ann Allison, to whom she gives all her household goods, etc. Executor 
—friend Wm. Snowden. Witnesses— Wm. D. Nixon, Deborah Snowden, 
James Butler.— West Jersey WilU, Lib. No. 39, f. 510. Issue: 

I. Richard*, b. 1751; d. 1753. 
4. II. Burgess Hall*, b. August 17. 1753, at Bordentown. 

III. Anna*, not 18 at date oi her father's will, 1766. Appa 
rently not married at date of her mother's will, 1795. 
She d. 1837. 

4. Burgess-Hall* Richard* Richard* Richard* Allison, b. Aug. 17, 1753; 
m. Rhoda, dau. of Nathaniel Stout, and wld. of Zephanlah Stout; she 
d. June 3, 1798, and Is buried in Hopewell Baptist churchyard. He was 
"a teacher, preacher, Inventor, and a sterling patriot during the Revo- 
lution." In connection with Samuel Morey he built at Bordentown a 



sidewheel steamboat that ran to Philadelphia and back, at least once. 
This is said to have been "probably before Fulton ran the Clermont," 
or prior to 1807. He finished his education at Pennepeck, under the 
Rev. Dr. Jones, and was ordained by him, June 10, 1781. Soon after the 
organization of the Baptist church at Jacobstown, Oct, 19, 1785, he be- 
came its pastor, preachingr also at Bordentown, where, perhaps, he had 
filled the pulpit previously. He served both churches for many years. 
He started a school at Bordentown in 1778, which drew pupils from all 
over the United States, as also from France, Spain, the West Indies 
and South America. He discontinued this school in 1796, but resumed 
it in 1801. He was one of five clergymen called on in 1780 to supply 
the pulpit of the Hopewell Baptist church. On Aug. 18, 1787, his wife, 
by her father, Deacon Nathaniel Stout, asked the Hopewell Baptist 
church for .a letter of dismissal to the church at Jacobstown, and it 
was granted four days later. Mr. Allison was still preaching at Jacobs - 
town as late as 1813. In 1815 he published "The American Standard of 
Orthography and Pronunciation, and Improved Dictionary of the Eng- 
lish language, abridged for the use of Schools." He d. at Trenton, 
Feb. 20, 1827. His tombstone says: 

While tears bedew thy silent clay, 
And Zion mourns her absent son, 

We hail with hopes that joyful day 
When parting scenes shall all be done. 

Morgan Ektwards says of him, in 1789: "Mr. Allison is a slender built 
man, and neither tall, nor of firm constitution; yet approaches towards 
an universal genius beyond any of my acquaintance." He constructed 
many pieces of apparatus for his academy, was "an adept in music, 
drawing, painting, katop tries, &c.," and was a skilled artisan. He had 

i. Richard*, 
ii. Charity*, 
ill. Nathaniel Stout*. 
. iv. Ann*, m. James L. Edwards, 11 mo. 21, 1821. 


James Alleson, of New Brunswick, m. Anne Wells, of New Brunswick, 
m. lie. Mar. 11, 1739. 

John Allison, of Oxford township, Sussex county. Inventory of the 
personal estate of, £522. 2. 6, incl. bills, bonds, book debts, and 
cash £331. 3. 2., a negro £20, a bible and other books, 5s. Made 
by Edward Hunt and James Stinson, May 30, 1769. Bond of 
widow, Sarah Allison, as administratrix, Sept. 1, 1769; Edward 
Hunt fellow bondsman, both of Oxford.— TFw* Jersey Wills, Lib. 
No. 9, f. 393. 

John Allison, of Burlington county. Bond (not executed) of Joseph 
Allison as administrator, May 2. 1761; John Allison feUow-bonds- 
man. both of said county. The original is in the office of th^ 
Secretary of State, at Trenton. 

John Allison, of Washington township, Burlington county, died in- 
testate. William Braddock and Caleb Shreve, administrators, 
took an inventory of his personal estate, March 31, 1829, ap- 
praised by Israel Small and John Taylor at $239.32, and affirmed 
to by the administrators, April 2, 1S29.— Burlington Wills, 1829. 

Mary Alleson, of Elizabeth town, made her will Oct. 24, 1770; proved 
April 13, 1772. She gives to her sister, Hephzibath Allisson, "one 
half of my Dwelling house lott &c. where I live, bought of Mr. 
John Halstead;" to sister Thankful, wife of Henry Spencer, the 



rents of the other half of said property; also mentions sister. 
Louisa Allison, and nephew. William Spencer. Executors — Rev. 
James Caldwell, Benj. Spinning, Oliver Spencer. Witnesses- 
Jacob Croes, Daniel Sayre, John ChetwQod.— E. J. Wills, Lib. K, 
f. 416. 
Mrs. Mary Ann Allison, widow of Richard Allison, died Aug. 8, 1829, 
aged 50 yrs., and is buried in St. Michael's churchyard, Trenton. 
She was perhaps the wid. of Richard, son of Burgess-Hall 

ANDERSONS of Bergen County. 

The progenitor of this family was John (styled Jan In the Dutch 
church records) Anderson, a native of Scotland, who came to this coun- 
try early in the eighteenth century, and settled at or near Hackensack, 
Bergen county. The family tradition, however, is that he was a native 
of Ireland, but came to America via Scotland. He m. Elizabeth De 
Marest, spinster, living in the precincts of the Hackensack church, 
January 23, 1736. Issue: 

Second Oencration. 

i. Margrietjin*, bap. Nov. 14, 1736; d. in inf. 
ii. Margrietje*, bap. Aug. 9, 1741; m. Samuel Peek, and 

with him joined the Schraalenburgh Dutch church on 

confession, Nov. 17, 1763. Children: 1. Jacobes, b. 

March 2. 1763; 2. Elesebeth, bap. April 28, 1765; 3. 

Sara, bap. March 12, 1771. 

2. ill. Johannes*, bap. Oct. 30, 1743; mu Rebecca Demarest, 

spinster, b. and living on the Flats, Jan. 27, 1766; he 
was b. at Hackensack (i. e., in the bounds of the 
Hackensack church), but lived at Schraalenburgh 
(i. e., in the bounds of the Schraalenburgh church) 
at the time of his marriage. 

3. iv. David^, m. Jane Stuart, m. 1. March 5, 1768. 

V. Sara", b. Jan. 19, 1747; m. David Peek. Children: 1. 

Elisabet, bap. Oct. 9, 1768; 2. Marya, b. Aug. 18, 1773; 

3. Jacobes, b. Sept. 20, 1777; 4. Daniel, b. Aug. 3, 

1782; 5. Sara. b. Jan. 10, 1785. 
vi. Maria*, bap. Dec. 11, 1748; m. Chrlstiaen Van Hoorn, 

widr., March 18, 1768. Children: 1. Cornelius, b. Sept. 

5, 1769; m. Catharina Haring; 2. Johannes, b. Sept. 

24, 1774; m. Jannetje Losier; 3. Altie, b. Feb. 19, 1776; 

m. John Lozier; 4. David, b. Jan. 7, 1779; 5. Maria, 

b. Sept. 4, 1781; 6. Liesabeth, bap. Jan. 9, 1785; 7. 

Marigrieta, b. May 24, 1787; 8. Jacobus, b. Oct. 16, 

vii. Annaatje*, b. March 24. 1751; prob. m. Jan Quackenbos. 

Children: 1. Johannes, b. Oct. 16, 1776; 2. David, b. 

Oct. 6, 1781; 3. Elisabeth, b. Aug. 22, 1784; 4. Davidt, 

b. March 8, 1788; 5. Abraham, b. Sept. 13, 1791. 
viii. Jacobess, b. April 15, 1753. 
ix. Lidea*, b. March 6, 1756. 

Third Oentration. 

2. Johannes* Jan* Anderson and Rebecca Demarest had children: 

I. I. Johannes', bap. Jan. 18, 1767; m. Maria (Polly) Bogert» 
Sept. 20, 1792. The family record says that he and 
his wife were active members in the Schraalenburgh 
church, until the True Reformed ("Seceder") church 






was organized, when they Identlfled themselves with 
that movement. They were buried in the graveyard 
of the North Reformed Dutch church, at Schraalen- 

5. ii. Jacobus', bap. Oct. 22, 1769; m. Merjery Wortendyke. 

6. iii. David', bap. April 25, 1771; m. Geertje Nagel, spinster, 

of Tappan, Oct. 14, 1792. He removed to St. Louis, 

iv. Daniel', bap. Dec. 18, 1774. 
V. Pieter», bap. Mlay 28, 1780. 
vi. Safya», bap. June 23, 1782. 

3. David^ Jan^ Anderson and Antje Demarest (?) had children: 

7. i. Johannes', b. Nov. 30, 1769; m. Catherine, dau. of Chris- 

tian Zabriskie, of Param \s. He built up an extensive 
mercantile and shipping business at Hackensack, 
which he carried on for many years, 
ii. Elizabet', b. July 7, 1774; m. Andrles Zabriskie, July 

21, 1793. 
iii. David', bap. Nov. 28, 1779. 

Fourth Oeneration. 

4. Johannes' Johannes^ Jan^ Anderson and Maria Bogert had. issue: 

i. John*, b. Feb. 14, 1794. 
ii. Sara*, b. April 23, 1797. 

iii. Matthew*, b. Oct. 18, 1800; m. . Children: 1. Ann 

Maria; 2. Garret; 3. John; 4. Elizabeth; 5. James; 
6. Cornelius, 
iv. James*, b. Oct. 8, 1804. 
v. Albert*, b. Aug. 21, 1811. 
vi. Eliza*, b. Aug. 8, 1824. 

6. Jacobus' Johannes' Jan^ Anderson and Merjery Wortendyke had 

i. Johannes*, b. Dec. 11, 1791; d. .in inf. 
ii. Johannes*, b. June 25, 1795. 
ill. Friedrikus*, bap. Aug. 20, 1797. 

C. David' Johannes' Jan* Anderson and Geertje Nagel had issue: 
1. John*, b. Jan. 25, 1794. 
ii. GerHtt*, b. Aug. 16, 1795. 

7. Johannes' David' Jan* Anderson and Catherine Zabriskie had issue: 

8. i. David*, b. Nov. — , 1792; m. Anna Strong, of New York; 

d. 1873. He was called David I. Anderson. He suc- 
ceeded to his father's business, which he greatly en- 
larged and extended. In 1848 he removed from Hack- 
ensack to Ac*quackanonk Landing (now Passaic), 
where he carried on the lumber business many years, 
ii. John Christian Zabriskie*. He was a merchant at Hack- 
ensack in partnership with his brother David. He m. 
Harriet, dau. of Garret Myer; d. in 1836. She was b. 
June, 1803; she m. 2d, Sept. 2, 1841, Capt. Robert Col- 
fax Avery Ward, of Hackensack; she .d. Oct. 23, 1873. 

iii. Maria*, m. Abram Berry. 

iv. Jane*, m. Andrew Parsons, the first Cashier of the Pat- 
erson Bank. 

Fifth Ovneration. 

8. David* Johannes' David' Jan* Anderson and Anne Strong had chil- 



1. Helen*, m. Price. 

il. John*. 

111. Catherine*, m. John B. Aycrlgg, of Passaic. 

Iv. William S.*, b. 1827, at Hackensack; m. 1st, Clarissa, 
dau. of John Adrian Post, of Acquackanonk; she d. 
in 1872; he m. 2d, Sarah, dau. of Richard Terhune, 
of Lodi. Children (by his first wife): 1. John; 2. 
William S.; 3. Kate; (by his second wife): 4. Rich- 
ard; 5. 'Sarah. 


No record has been found of the license of James Anderson as 
an attorney at law. He is mentioned in the records as early as 
April 19, 1763, when Altla Durlandt, widow of John Durlandt, of Mil- 
stone, Somerset county, appoints James Anderson, of the same place, 
her attorney. — East Jcraty Deeds, A 3, page 56. Two years later he ap- 
pears to have been of Sussex county. Oh September 11, 1765, Jam^s 
Anderson, attorney at law, of Sussex county, is appointed adminis- 
trator of Anna Reed, of Mllstone. — East Jersey Wills, Liber H, page 
530. By deed dated October 28. 1765, Samuel Ford, of Morris Town, 
Morris county, and his wife Grace, convey to James Anderson, of New- 
ton township, Sussex county, attorney at law, several tracts of land 
in Pequanack township, Morris county, about a mile and a half above 
John Johnson's iron works. — East Jersey Deeds, D 3, page 42. He seems 
to have returned to Somerset county soon after this, for on September 
24, 1766, administration was granted on the estate of James An<?erson, 
of Somerset county, to John Anderson and Kenneth Anderson, father 
and brother of the deceased. — East Jersey Wills, Liber I., page 5; 2f. J. 
Archives, XXV., 261. He was a son of Cant. John Anderson, of Free- 
hold, and Anna (Reid) Anderson. He was bap. July 6,. 1740; d. Sept. 
15, 1766, in his 27th year, and was burled in the Tennent Presbyterian 


In 1899 the writer published a paper on "Edward An till, a New York 
Merchant of the Seventeenth Century, and his Descendants," in Pro- 
ceeding3 of the New Jersey Historical Society, and also in a separate 
pamphlet. Since then he has received from Robert Henry Antill, Jar- 
visfleld, Picton, New South Wales, Australia, the additional informa- 
tion that Edward Antill, 1st, was born in Richmond, Surrey, England, 
March 20, 1659, and bap. April 4, 1659, son of John Antill, of that place. 
Eklward Antill, 1st, acquired large tracts of land at PIscataqua, near 
New Brunswick, Middlesex county. New Jersey, whereon his son, E3d- 
ward Antill, 2d, settled, whose second -wife was Anne Morris, dau. of 
Gov. Lewis Morris, of New Jersey; he d. Aug. 16, 1770. A full account 
of him is given in the pamphlet referred to. The sketch given by the 
writer of Major John Antill, fourth child of Edward Antill, 2d, and of 
his descendants, is very fully and interestingly supplemented by his 
Australian offshoot. 

John* Edward* Edward* John^ Antill, b. 1744; m. 1st, Margaret Col- 
den, dau. of Alexander Colden, of Coldenham, Dutchess county, N. Y.: 
2d, Jane, dau. of same. He was Major of the Second Battalion, New 
Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists); d. in Canada in 1816. Issue: 

Fifth Generation. 

By his first wife (Margaret): 

i. John Collins*; Major 76th Regiment of Foot; d. in Cey- 
lon, without issuer 



2. ii. Henry Golden*, b. 1779; left America at an. early age, 

and served in the army In India, receiving a medal 
for courage shown at the Battle of Serlngapatun. He 
returned to England, where he spent a few months, 
and then went to New South Wales, as aide-de-camp 
to Governor John Macquarle, of that Colony. He 
eventually settled there, married Eliza Wills, in 1818, 
and d. in 1852 on his estate at Jarvisfield (so called 
by him after Gov. Macquarie's estate in Scotland), 
Picton, N. S. W. Part of this estate is called Golden - 

Hi. Eliza Hope", m. Gadwallader Golden, a cousin. Ghlldren: 

1. Thomas, a physician, d. s. p.; 2. Margaret, m. J 

Trimble, and had a number of children; many of her 
descendants live at Newburgh, N. Y. 
By his second wife (Jane): 

iv. Bdward^ d. s. p., in America. He was an invalid, suf- 
fering from epileptic fits. 
V. Alexander Golden", d. s. p., in America. 

Sixth Oeneration. 

2. Henry Golden" John* Edward* Edward* John^ An till and Eliza Wills 
had issue: 

3. i. John Macquarle", b. Liverpool, N. S. W.; named after 

his father's friend. Governor Macquarle; m. Jessie 
Hassall Gampbell; d. June 4, 1900. 

11. Alice* m. Henry Moggridge. Ghildren: 1. John Antill, 
Major South Lancashire Regiment (82d); 2. M. Mogg- 
ridge, m. Lieut. Keppel Foote, R. N. 

ill. Henry Golden" m. and had issue. 

iv. William Redf ern", m. and had issue. 

V. Thomas Wills", m. and had issue. 

vi. Edward Spencer", m. and had issue, 
vii. James Alexander", m. and had issue, 
viii. Selina E.", m. Capt. R. F. Pockley, and had Issue. 

Seventh Oeneration. 

3. John Macquarle" Henry Golden" John* Edward" Edward* John^ An- 
till and Jessie H. Gampbell had issue: 

I. Margaret GampbelF, m. N. Wade Brown, and has Issue, 
ii. Robert Henry^ b. 1849, unm. Resides on the estate, 
"Jarvisfield," acquired by his father, which he owns. 
So far as known he is the senior male descendant liv- 
ing of Edward Antill, 1st. 

Hi. Celia Farrington"^. 

iv. Selina Johnston"^. 

V. John Macquarle^ b. 1855; m. A. M. Wills Allen, and has 
Issue. He fought In the British army in the war with 
the Boers, greatly distinguishing himself, winning 
seven medals, and on the recommendation of Lord 
Roberts was made a Companion of the Bath, and was 
enrolled in Burke's Peerage, being the only man with 
the low rank of Captain who up to that time had 
obtained such a distinction. He went to South Africa 
as an Australian soldier, and returned at the conclu- 
sion of the war. He is now Major John Macquarle 
Antill, G. B., and upholds the honor of the family of 
Edward Antill, 1st. 



vl. Edward Augustus^, m. L. M. Christian, and has Issue. 
He also served In the Boer War, as Captain of the 
Royal Australian Artillery, which he commanded. 
(Three other AntUls, first cousins, and two others and 
a brother-in-law — Pockley, Macpherson and Colonel 
Lansetter — served In the same war, Indicating that 
the fighting Instinct of the three sons of Edward An- 
tlll, 2d, persists even to the seventh generation.) 

vll. Guy Forrest^. 

vill. Elizabeth Ann^ m. Col. H. B. Lansetter, C. B., and has 

At the auction sale of the genealogical library of the late Dr. Samuel 
S. Purple, at Boston, In February, 1909, the writer purchased a family 
Bible published at Charlestown, Mass., in 1803. On the reverse of the 
last page of the Old Testament Is a neatly -printed card, with the 
printed words: "This Bible is the property of," followed by this in- 
scription in manuscript: "Alice Antlll the Gift of her Grandmother 
Elizabeth Cold en." This entry, and all the other entries except the 
last, hereinafter given, are in the chlrography apparently of Alice, 
daughter of Dr. Lewis Antlll. Most of them were evidently copied 
from another Bible. The family record is at the end of the book of 
Revelation. From it the following entries are gleaned: 

Cadwallader Colden, eldest son of Lieutenant-Governor Colden, b. 
June t), 1724; m. Elizabeth Ellison In May, 1744; he d. Feb. 18, 1797; 
she was b. November 16, 1726; d. July 10, 1815. 

Dr. Lewis* Edward^ Edwajxi^ John^ Antlll, b. Dec. 10, 1746 (this date 
of birth is taken from a note by Dr. Purple) ; m. in 1771, Alice, dau. of 
Cadwallader and Elizabeth Colden; she was b. Feb. 22, 1745; ("he died 
at sea" — marginal note, date not given); she d. Feb. 22, 1776. about 
five weeks after giving birth to a daughter. Writing to a friend in 
Scotland, in 1796, giving a detailed account of the Colden family, Cad- 
wallader Colden 2d says of this match: "Our eldest daughter, Alice, 
married young, not much to our. satisfaction. Both she and her hus- 
band. Dr. Antlll, died soon after the commencement of the American 
war, leaving nothing behind them but two dear little infants, both 
girls, whom we took to our own bosom (one of them was but six 
weeks old), and they knew no other father or mother. One of them is 
married to a clergyman and has made us great grand parents. Her 
sister is a fine handsome girl of about twenty years of Sige."—Eager'8 
Uist. Orange County, Newburgh, 1846-7, p. 247. Issue: 

i. Edward, b. January 1, 1772; died in infancy. 
11. Elizabeth Colden. b. May 9, 1774; m. Rev. Frederick 
Van Home, May 27, 1793; d. June 3, 1835; he d. May 
31, 1835, only three days before her. (This marriage 
is announced in the New York Magazine, June, 1793, 
as having taken place at Coldenham, N. Y.) "Mr. 
Van Home, a candidate for the ministry, was, on 
the recommendation of Bishop Moore, called to the 
ministry' of St. Andrew's church, in the village of 
WallklU. Ulster county, N. Y., which at the time was, 
or was about to be, vacant. He accepted the call, 
and on the receipt of holy orders, entered upon the 
duties of the Rectorship, Dec. 10, 1793." (The List 
of Deacons of the P. E. Church, published in 1875, 
states that Mr. Van Home was ordained a Deacon 
by Bishop Provoost, in 1794.) "He continued Rector 



of the parish until 1805, when he removed to Balls- 
ton."— i^aj^er** Hist. Orange County, Newburgh, 1846-7, 
p. 317. He was inducted into Christ's Church at 
Balltown, and into St. Paul's Church at Charlton, 
Augrust 8-9, 1805, both churches in Saratoga county, 
N. Y. He retired from the active ministry a few 
years later, and took up his residence at Coldenham. 
He d. at Poughkeepsie, May 31, 1835, after a short 
illness, in his 64th year, 
iii. Alice, b. January 17, 1776; m. William Davies, April 18, 
1818. He was b. March 21, 1763, at New Milford. 
Conn., the only son of the Rev. Thomas Davies (rec- 
tor of the liTpiscopal church at New Milford, at the 
time) and Mary Hervey, his wife. At an early age 
William removed to Amenia, Dutchess county. New 
York, where he was engaged in mercantile business 
many years. He there m. 1st, Polly Leach, Jan. 23. 
1787; she d. July 23, 1814. He removed about this 
time or earlier to Poughkeepsie, in the same county, 
where he lived for sixty years. He m. 2d, Mrs. Maria 
Foote, of Poughkeepsie, Dec. 31, 1814; she d. Nov. 18, 
1816. He m. 3d, Alice Antill, as above stated. She 
d. June 25, 1870, without issue. He d. Feb. 7, 1857. 
By his first wife, Polly Leach, he had issue: 1. 
Thomas Leach; 2. William Augustus, b. at Pough- 
keepsie, May 10, 1808; 3. Charlotte Davies. Both 
sons, and perhaps the daughter, survived him. Wil- 
liam Augustus m, 1st, Sarah, dau. of Hubert Van 
Wagoner, June 15, 1842; she d. s. p. He m. 2d, 
Frances, dau. of Joseph Barrett, June 4, 1861, by 
whom he had one son, Augrustus, b. August 15, 1867, 
and living in 1909 at Poughkeepsie, an architect by 

There is another entry, in a different hand: 

"Augustus Davies was born Aug. 15/67--son of William A. & 
BYances Davies." 

The following additional notes are gleaned from the records and files 
of the Supreme Court, at Trenton: 

John Bell, of the city of New York, house carpenter, brought suit in 
the Supreme Court of New Jersey, against William Antill, of the city 
of New Brunswick, merchant, on a bond, dated Perth Amboy, October 
23, 1740, conditioned for the payment of £106.8.8, current money of 
New York. 

A summons was Issued March 20, 1741, at the suit of Mary Bickley, 
on a note made by William Antill at Burlington, September 23, 1740, 
for £14.19.11, Joseph Ross being her attorney. An inquisition was 
taken at the order of Thomas Himloke, High Sheriff of Burlington, at 
the Sign of the Angell, Bridge Town (Mount Holly), October 2, 1742, 
when the Sheriff and a jury of twelve men awarded her £16.11.6 dam- 
ages, and sixpence for costs and charges. She brought suit, also. 
November 2, 1742, against Edward Antill, for £28.3.1, proclamation 
money. The summons was returned "non est inventus," by the Sheriff 
of Middlesex, to whom it had been issued. On November 8, a ca. sa. 
was issued to the Sheriff of Somerset, "it being on the part of said 
Mary sufficiently testified that the said William lyes hid and skulketh 
in the old country." 



James A.lexander wrote to Edward Antill, January 12, 1743-4, re- 
ferring to matters proposed between Mrs. Gordon and the representa- 
tive of Antill's father and mother, and encloses two copies of a docu- 
ment in pursuance thereof, each to be executed by Antill and his 
brother, "and then one sent to Mrs. Callender to be executed by her 
at Boston and returned to you, and the other to be executed by your 
sister Gallop and her husband and her daughter." — Alexander Papers, 
N. J. Hiai. Society. 


Ck)l. Jacob Arnold was a son of Samuel Arnold, who came from Con- 
necticut in 1730, and settled in Washington Valley, three miles north- 
west of Morrlstown, where he bought SOO acres of lands of William and 
Richard Penn. He m. Phebe Ford, Oct. 16. 1748. His son Jacob was 
born Dec. 14, 1749; he m. 1st, Elizabeth Tuthill. of Morris county, Oct. 
1, 1770; she d. May 9, 1803; he m. 2d, Sarah H. Nixon, Dec. 26, 1807; 
she was b. Oct. 1, 1783; d. July 29, 1846. He d. March 1, 1827. He was 
associated in partnership with Thomas Kinney, at one time Sheriff of 
Morris county, a large land owner, and landlord of a tavern on the 
north side of the public Green in Morrlstown. Arnold, Kenney & Co. 
advertised in the New Jersey {gazette, on Feb. 10, 1779, that they had 
opened a store "next door to Col. Remsen's, in Morris-Town," for the 
sale of all sorts of merchandise, from broadcloth to frying-pans, "for 
cash or country produce, and by wholesale and retail." In the A'^eti? 
Jersey Journal (Chatham), June 8, 1779, the partnership is advertised 
as dissolved and creditors and debtors are requested to settle. — N. J. 
Archives, 2d Series, 3: 59, 414. Arnold was captain of a troop of Light 
Horse at the begrinning of the Revolution, and likewise succeeded 
Kinney in the proprietorship of the tavern mentioned, which for many 
years was known in local history as Arnold's tavern. A horse was 
advertised as "strayed or stolen from the house of Capt. Jacob Arnold 
in Morrlstown, August 9, 1778." The confiscated estates of Morris 
county tories were to be sold at his house March 30, 1779. In the same 
month he advertised to be let for one year "that valuable farm where- 
on the subscriber lately lived, lying on the road between Mendom and 
Morris-Town, three miles from the said town," having two dwelling 
houses and barn and two orchards on the premises. — Ihid., 2: 360; 3: 
92, 133. It was in that building that Washington had his headquarters 
during the winter of 1776-7, after the battles of Trenton and Prince- 
ton. In 1886 it was about to be demolished, to make way for a 
modern building, but was bought by Mrs. Julia Keese Colles, who 
thought it a pity to sacrifice such a relic of the Revolution, and she 
had it removed to the Colles estate, on Mt. Kemble avenue, where it 
has been remodeled for All Souls Hospital. The rooms occupied by 
Washington are preserved intact. See "History of the Arnold Tavern, 
I^Iorristown, N. J.," by Philip H. Hoffman, Morrlstown, 1903. 


Thomas Arthur was graduated from Yale in 1743, and preached for 
a time at Stratfield, Conn. He was ordained and installed pastor at 
New Brunswick in 174G. He was one of the original Trustees of 
Princeton College. His sermon at the ordination of Thane, in August, 
1750, was printed, and the trustees of the New York church requested 
for publication a copy of his sermon at the ordination of the Rev. 
Alepcander Gumming as their pastor in October, 1750. — Webster's Hist. 
I'res. Church, 504. 




Very little Is known of Chief Justice William Aynesley. William 
Smith, the historian of New York, who hesitated not to say what he 
Jersey had been mortified by the arrival of one Alnsley, who was 
raised to be chief Justice from the low station of treasurer to a turn- 
pike In the North of Ireland" — which is Improbable. — History of New 
York, 1830, Vol. II., 347. This statement, however, was made in a letter 
written from Perth Amboy, December 16, 1761, and published in the 
Pennsylvania Journal of January 7, 1762. The writer, after referring to 
Robert Hunter Morris the former Chief Justice, says: "What glori- 
ous Successors; the Treasurer of a Turnpike, and a Newgate tSoUcitorl" 
— N. J. Archives, XXIV., 2. He was said to have been recommended to 
the Earl of Halifax by Lord Ravensworth.— 76., 348, note. His appoint- 
ment was ordered by the King in Council, Feb. 16, 17^1.— N. J. Archives, 
rx., 232; XVII., 136; N. J. Hist. 8oc. Coll., V., 338-9. He seems to have 
been very deliberate about coming to America to enter upon his new 
duties, for it was not until the March Term, 1758, that he took his seat 
on the bench of the Supreme Court. He went on Circuit in April.— 
N. J. Archives. IX., 214, 217, 232. By his order, notice was published in 
the New York Mercury of April 3, 1758, that the Circuit Courts would be 
held for Cumberland and Crpe May Counties on Friday, April 21, 1758; 
in Salem, April 25, In Hunterdon on the first Tuesday of May, and for 
Gloucester on the third Tue'sday in May, 1758. — N. J. Archives, XX., 186. 
On May 22, 1758, the Governor signed a warrant "To William Aynsley 
Esqr Chief Justice of the Province of New Jersey for Holding of Four 
Courts of Oyer & Terminer and General Goal Delivery in the following 
Counties Vlzi In the County of Cumberland on the 21st day of April 
Last In the County of Salem on the 25th day of the same Month In 
the County of Hunterdon on the 2d Instant And for the County of 
Gloucester on the 16th day of this Instant £40." — N. J. Archives, 
XVII., 172. His death at New Brunswick, on July 6, 1758, after so 
short a sojourn in New Jersey, was a shock to the community. Gov. 
Bernard wrote that his sudden demise "was occasioned by his drink- 
ing milk and water when he was Very hot on Wednesday last & he 
died the next day." — N. J. Archives, IX., 124. His widow, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Aynsley, was appointed administratrix of his estate, July 11, 
1758.— J5?. J. Wills, F, 531. On August 12, 1758, the Governor signed a 
warrant: "To Mrs. Elizabeth Aynsley Widow of the Honble William 
Aynsley Esqr late Chief Justice of this Province deceased for Services 
done by the late Chief Justice, £70."-— 3^. J. Archives, XVII., 199. A 
correspondent (perhaps the Rev. Robert McKean), writing over the 
pseudonym "Phllaretes," from New Brunswick, under date of July 10, 
1753, to Mr. Bradford, the Philadelphia printer, gives the following 
handsome panegyric on the deceased Chief Justice, which was pub- 
lished in the Pennsylvania Journal of July 20, 1758, and is reproduced In 
N. J. Archives, XX., 230: 

"Thursday last in the Afternoon died here, of a sudden Indisposi- 
tion, supposed to be occasioned by the Intense heat, the Honourable 
William Ayneblky. Esq; late Chief -Justice of this Province. His Lady 
had been arrived only a m.onth from England, when they were thus 
fatally Parted. 

"An Eulogium of him to those that had the happiness of his Ac- 
quaintance, would be impertinent — < His virtues were too conspicu- 
ous to escape the Notice of the slightest Observer But a Char- 
acter so well supported in the important Post he filled, and in every 


BAL.D1VIN: B A R B £2 K 

branch of social Life, certainly claim a public Tribute His ready 

discernments of the Merits of a cause, the wise Regulations he was 
about to introduce in the Courts, over which he presided, his earnest- 
ness in Expediting, and his Justice in determining Suits, all which he 
shewed even in his short Administration, were too sufficient Testi- 
monies of his Knowledge in the Law, and his capacity for Executing 
the high Trust committed in him. — < 

"As a Man, he appeared to be a perfect lover of the human Race; 
Prlendly, Affable, and good Natured; a Temper universally Serene, and 
Unruffled, and a certain Complacency ever dwelling on his Counte- 
nance, shewed a Mind of ease, at the same Time that it secured the 
Alfection of every Beholder. In his Family, he was loved, re- 
spected, and happy: Proofs of his amiable Conduct there. In 

short his good sense and agieeabie Conversation was such as rendered 

him the delight of all his Acquaintance. — • For he was not only 

Loved, but Esteemed. 

"But in another x>oint of View, he shone still with a brighter Lustre. 
Religion ever influenced his Mind; his Morals were unblamable; 

and Christ, his Doctrines, and Institutions, he was never ashamed to 

Confess before Men, such was his Life. His Death no doubt was 

Similar, and Crowned with the just Consequence. ^His worthy and 

much afflicted Relict, his Friends, and New-Jersey, indeed, feel the loss, 
but he the Gain. 

"Weep, mortals weep, the worthy Aynesley's gone! 
If human woes, and cares, affect alone. 
But if thoughts, superior far, take place. 
Let joy and gladness smile in ev'ry face." 


Jonathan Baldwin was a son of Nathaniel Baldwin, who d. at New- 
ark, Aug. 10, 1750, aged 50 years. He was b. at Newark in 1731, and 
graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1755. He m. Sarah Ser- 
geant, and removed to Princeton, where he served the College as Stew- 
ard for a number of years, beginning as early as 1762. In 1764 he had 
tickets for sale at Princeton in the College lottery. He engaged in an 
animated controversy with a butcher who sold mutton to the College, 
in 1768. He d. Nov. 28, 1816, aged 85 years. Issue: 1. Charles, a law- 
yer; 2. William; 3. Susan; 4. Elizabeth Davidson; and four other 
sons, unm. at his decease. 


Francis Barber was born in Princeton in 1751, a son of Patrick Bar- 
ber, an Irishman, who came to America and settled in New York a 
year or two before his son was born, and after a short stay in that 
city took up his residence in Princeton, where he remained fifteen or 
sixteen years, when he removed to Orange county, New York. — Hagc- 
man's Hist, of Princeton, 1: 90. FYancis graduated from the College at 
Princeton in 1767, and then engaged in teaching at Hackensack. After 
a brief experience there, he took charge, Nov. 1, 1771, of an Academy 
at Elizabethtown, New Jersey. The school soon became distinguished. 
Alexander Hamilton was prepared for college under Mr. Barber. At 
the commencement of the Revolution he offered his services to the 
country, and on the 9th of February, 1776, he was appointed, by the 
Legislature, Major of the Third Battalion, New Jersey troops, and on 
November 8th was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant -Colonel of the 
Third Regiment, and on January 1st, 1777, he received his commis- 



sion from Congress. Soon after this he was appointed Assistant In- 
spector-General under Baron Steuben. Colonel Barber was in constant 
.service duringr the whole war. Although a strict and rigid disciplin- 
arian, always scrupulously performing his own duty, and requiring it 
from all under his command, yet so bland were his manners, and his 
whole conduct so temgered with justice and strict propriety, that he 
was the favorite of all the officers and men, and highly valued by 
Washington. He served in the Northern army under Greneral Schuy- 
ler; was at the battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandy wine, German- 
town and Monmouth, and in the latter was severely wounded. In 
1779 he served as Adjutant-General with General Sullivan in his 
memorable expedition against the Indians, where he distinguished 
himself and was again wounded. In 1780 he was conspicuously en- 
gaged with the army in New Jersey, and was at the battle of Spring- 
field. In 1781 he accompanied the Jersey IJne to Virginia, and was at 
the investment and capture of the British at Yorktown. The day on 
which the Commander-in-Chief intended to communicate the intelli- 
gence of peace to the army, a number of the officers, with their fami- 
lies, were invited to dine with him, and among others Colonel Barber 
and his wife. He was acting at the time as officer of the day in place 
of a friend. While on duty, and passing by the edge of a wood where 
some soldiers were cutting down a tree, it fell on him, and both rider 
and horse were instantly crushed to death. Thus was ended, January 
11, 1783. the career of this brilliant and gallant young soldier, who 
was but thirty- two years old when he met with this cruel and un- 
timely death. He was buried at Neelytown, N. Y., beside his father's 
vault. Col. Barber m. 1st, Mary Ogden (b. Sept. 18, 1752, dau. of 
Robert Ogden 2d, and Phebe (Hatfield) Ogden);" she d. Oct. 7, 1773. 
s p.; he m. 2d, March 24, 1778, Anne ("Nancy," he always called her, 
affectionately, in his letters) Ogden — "a Lady of beauty and merit," 
said a newspaper of the day, in announcing the marriage — a cousin of 
his first wife; she was b. April 18, 1758, dau. of Moses Ogden and Mary 
(Cozzfjns) Ogden; d. July 17. 1825. In the summer of 1910 some j)er- 
son in Elizabeth proposed to have the remains of Major Barber re- 
moved to and reinterred In that city on October 19, the anniversary of 
the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, but the authorities of Good- 
\ill Cemetery, at Montgomery, N. Y., where the body lies, refused to 
consent to the removal. Francis Barber had issue: 

i. George Clinton, b. Dec. 27, 1778; m. Mary Chetwood 

Ogden, dau. of Grov. Aaron Ogden; d. Oct. 29, 1828. 
ii. Mary, b. Nov. 1, 1780; m. William C^ietwood; d. April 

18, 1873. 
ill. Frances Barber, b. Sept. 20, 1782; d. July 26, 1799. 
See Alexander's Princeton College in the 18th Century; Hatfield's 
Hist. Elizabeth; l!:agers Hist. Orange County, 302; N. J. Archives, 
passim; The Ogden Family, 141. A ver>- affectionate "Elogy" CEialogy) 
on Col. Barber's death was delivered by his companion in arms. Dr. 
Bbenezer Elmer, and was printed at Chatham. The only copy known 
is in the author's collection. 


Samuel Bard was a son of Peter Bard, 2d, who was the second son 
of Peter Bard, 1st, a Huguenot, who came from Montpellier, France, 
about 1700, and settled in Burlington, where he carried on business as 
a merchant until 1723, and then engaged in buying and selling land, 



building and operating mills, &c., until his death, in 1734.-3^. /. Ar- 
chives, XII., 667, note. Peter Bard, 2d, was a merchant in Philadelphia, 
until 1734; within a few years after that date he removed to Mount 
Holly, where he was living in 1750. He took up several hundred acres 
of land in Burlington county, but sold the same in 1764. He died at 
Mount Holly November 30, 1769. Samuel Bard, his son, was born in 
1740, and was admitted to the New Jersey Bar November 3, 1761. In 
1765 he removed to Bristol, Penn., where he continued practising, until 
his death, December 14, 1769. His will, dated Nov. 27, 1768, was proved 
Dec. 20, 1769, and is recorded in the Secretary of State's office, Trenton, 
Liber No. 14, p. 135. He appoints his father, Peter Bard, and Zach- 
ariah Rossell, executors, and directs them to sell all his land and 
property, consisting of a brick house at Mount Holly, and a tract of 
land adjoining the iron works he bought of his father; also all his 
real es-tate, and after payment of his debts the remainder to go to his 
wife Mary, in fee. He probably had no children, as none are men- 
tioned in his will. He was a cousin of Dr. Samuel Bard, one of the 
most eminent physicians in the eighteenth century, the first President 
of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, in New York. 

THOMAS BARTOW, ist and 2d. 

Thomas Bartow was the eldest son of Rev. John Bartow, the first 
recftor of St. Peter's church, Westchester, New York, his mother being 
a Miss Redd, probatoly 'a sister of John Reid, of Perth Amboy. His 
parents were miarr'led in 1705. His grandfather w£is Gen. Ber'taut, a 
French Protestant, who fled from France to England in 1685. Thomas 
Bartow was a merchant at Perth Amboy, and dealt largely in real 
estate. He held various puiblic offices in the Province, being one of the 
recruiting officers in 1740; Clerk of the Assembly, 1745-1752; Clerk in 
Chancery, in 1746; Register of the E)ast Jersey Proprietors, in 1747; and 
in 1756 was appointed Deputy Surveyor for East Jersey, by William 
Alexander. He was Register so late as 1765. He lived in a house 
standing on the southeast corner of Market street and the Square, 
In Perth Amboy, and was very fond of his hooks, they and a man- 
servant being his only companions. 

His son, Thomas Bartow, jun., born at Perth Amboy, Jan. 27, 1737, 
was employed in a store in Bethlehem, Penn., in 1755; he joined the 
Moravians there, and married Sarah, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth 
(North) Benezet, June 23, 1768. He was a prominent merchant of Phil- 
adelphia many years, but at the beginning of the Revolution went to 
Bethlehem, where he arrived May 7, 1776. with his wife and five chil- 
dren, and remained there more than three years. During the troublous 
times of the Revolution his father took refuge with him, and died about 
1780, at Bethlehem. Thomas Bartow, jun., d. Jan. 26, ll^Z.— Whitehead; a 
Perth Amboy, 138; If. J. Archives, passim; Pa. Mag., 12: 388. 


The Rev. Abraham Beach was b. in Cheshire. Conn., in 1740. and 
graduated at Yale in 1757. He went to England in 1767 for ordination, 
and was appointed missionary at New Brunswick and Piscataqua, N. J., 
arriving there the latter part of September in that year. In July, 1776, 
declining to omit the prayers for the King and the royal family, he 
was obliged to close the churches, but continued during the war to 
"dispense spiritual consolation alike to Whigs and Tories." In 1783 he 
was appointed temporary missionary at Perth Amboy. In 1784 he re- 
moved to New York, having been appointed assistant minister of Trin- 
ity church in that city. In 1813 he resigned, on a pension of $1,500 for 



life, voted him by the church. He retired to a farm on the Rarltan, 
where he d. In 1828. His wife, Ann, was the daughter and sole heiress 
of Evart Van Winkle, one of the early Dutch settlers on the Rarltan; 
she d. In 1808. 


The will of William Beaks, of Nottingham, Burlington county, dated 
March 24, 1710-11. names, sons William, Edmond, Stacey, Nathan, daugh- 
ter Sarah, and wife Ruth, who is called the mother-in-law of son Bd- 
mond.--Tr. /. Wills, Liber No. 1, f. 313. ("Mother-in-law" was formerly 
used in the sense of stepmother.) It was doubtless this William Beaks 
who is stated (in 1711) to have been received as a witness in a capital case 
in the court of oyer and terminer against one Thomas Bates, who was 
condemned on his testimony.— fifm<W» Hiat. N. J., 392; N. J. Archives, 
IV., 42. 

Edmund Beakes (son of William) and Ann, his wife, daughter of 
Thomas Gllberthorpe, of Burlington county, by deed dated Dec. 2, 1719, 
conveyed to Mahlon Stacy a plantation of 300 acres in Nottingham town- 
ship, on CroBweeks creek. On Dec. 4, 1719, Stacy reconveyed the same 
premises to Edmund Beaks and wife Ann.— TT. J. Deeds, BB, ft. 226, 228. 
Edmund Beaks was a shopkeeper In Trenton in 1751; he sold a saw-mill 
to William Morris. He was still of Trenton in 1765.— V. J. Archives, VII., 
637; XIX.. 439. 

Nathan Beakes (son of William) was of Chester township, Burlington 
county, in 1734, but in 1749 seems to have been of Philadelphia.—^. J. 
Archives, XI., 401; XII., 525. He married Lydla, daughter of Williaim (son 
of Griffith) and Hannah Morgan, and bad one child, Morgan Beaks.— 
Clement's First Settlers of Newton, 212, 310, 311. 

Thomas Potts, the ancestor of that family In New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania, married Sarah Beakee, about 1700.— Cooley' s Early Settlers of 
Trenton and Etcinff, 192. 

Stacy Beaks (probably a grandson of William Beaks) and Mary, his 
mother, sold a plot of land on Hanover street, Trenton, for a parsonage 
for the Presbyterian church, May 3, 1762.— iTaW* Hist. Pres. Church in 
Trenton, 176. 

Abraham Beaks was of Crosswlcks In 1764. — N. J. Archives. XXIV., 335. 

Mary Trent, granddaughter of Chief Justice William Trent, of New 
Jersey, was born Dec. 3, 1762; she married Nathan Beakes (probably a 
son of Morgan Beakes), and had children: 1. Morgan, who m. Hannah, 
dau. of George Miller, of Trenton; 2. Lydla, m. Gen. Zachariah Rossell.— 
Cooley, ut supra, 290. Mrs. Mary Trent Beakes died Dec. 20, 1840, in 
Trenton, "the last person that had borne the name of Trent," said a 
local newspaper of the day. 


Charles Bcatty was born in the County Antrim, Ireland, about 1712- 
1715, and was brought to this country by his uncle, Charles Clinton, in 
1729, arriving in October at Cape Cod, Mass., where they remained until 
1731, when they removed to Ulster county, N. Y. Young Beatty en- 
gaged in trade, traveling about the country with a pack. He had stud- 
ied Latin, and the story goes that once, stopping at Log College, he 
offered his wares to the Rev. William Tennent, the master of that 
famous school, in Latin, with the result that Tennent was greatly drawn 
to him and persuaded him to prepare for the ministry. He was licensed 
by the New Brunswick Presbytery, Oct. 13, 1742, and was sent to Not- 
tingham. He was called to the Forks of Neshaminy, May 26, 1743, and 



waa ordained Dec. 14 of that year. He was sent to Virginia and North 
Carolina in 1754, and he served as chaplain in the forces sent out to 
defend the frontiers during the next two or three years. In 1766 he 
was sent by the Synod on a missionary tour ajnong the Indians, as far 
as one hundred and thirty miles beyond Fort Pitt His account of this 
trip, published in 1768, is valuable and interesting. He was a warm 
friend of David Bralnerd, the missionary to the New Jersey Indians. 
In 1760 and 1761 he was very successful In raising funds In Great Brit- 
ain for the Presbyterian Widows* Fund. BelAg greatly Interested in 
the College of New Jersey, he sailed for the West Indies to solicit funds 
in its behalf, but d. Aug. 13, 1772, soon after reaching Bridgetown, in 
Barbadoes. He m., June 24, 174C (mar. lie. Jan. 13, 1746), Ann, dau. of 
John Reading, sometime President of the Council of New Jersey; she 
was bap. July 21, 1723, in Old Amwell township, Hunterdon county; d. 
1768, at Greenock. Scotland, whither he had taken her to secure the 
aid of eminent suTgeons.— TTeb^ter'a Hiat. Pres. Ch., 478. 


John Beatty, a son of the Rev. Charles Beatty, the noted missionary, 
after studying medicine with Dr. Benjamin Rush, entered the American 
army as a private soldier, reaching, by degrees, the rank of Lieutenant- 
Colonel. In 1776 he was captured at Fort Washington, and suffered a 
long and rigorous imprisonment. In 1779 he succeeded Ellas Boudinot 
as Commissary-General of prisoners. After the war he settled at 
Princeton, where he practiced medicine. He was In 1789 a member of 
the Legislature from Middlesex, and the Speaker of the Assembly. 
He represented Burlington county in the Council, 1810-13. From 1795 
to 1805 he was Secretary of State of New Jersey. In 1783 and 1784 he 
was a member of Congress. From May, 1815, until his death, April 30, 
1826, he was President of the Trenton Banking Company. He was 
also an elder in the Trenton Presbyterian church. 


The Berrlens are believed to have been of French origin. The pro- 
genitor of the American family bore the very Dutch name of Cornells 
Jansen Berrien. He was in Flatbush, L. I., as early as 1669, and there 
m. Jannetie, dau. of Jan Stryker. Among her children was Peter, b. 
1672, m. (1706) Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel Edsall, a member of the Coun- 
cil of East Jersey. Peter had several children, one of whom was John 
Berrien, b. Nov. 19, 1711; removed to Rocky Hill, Somerset county, N. 
J., and there m. Margaret, dau. of Thomas Eaton, of Eaton town. He 
was a merchant, highly esteemed; Trustee of Princeton College, 1763 
until his death; Justice of the Supreme Court, 1764 until his death; 
member of the Assembly, 1768-1772. In 1766 he wrote to the Society 
for Promoting Arts, etc., in New York, enclosing samples of home man- 
ufactured stuffs, which were received with much interest. In the same 
year he was one of the managers of the lottery to raise money for run- 
ning straight roads between New York and Philadelphia. He d. April 
22, 1772, and is buried at Princeton. 

His son, John Berrien, jun., was one of the commissioners appointed 
by act of the Legislature in 1764 to partition the Bergen common lands. 
He removed to Georgrla In 1775, and took an active part In the Revolu- 
tion. At the close of the war he m. Margaret, dau. of Capt. John Mac- 
pherson, of Philadelphia; he d. at Savannah, Ga., in 1815. His son. 
John Macpherson Berrien, b. at Rocky Hill, Aug. 23, 1781, was a Judge 
of the Georgia State Courts ten years; U. S. Senator, 1825-1829; U. S. 



Attorney General, 1829-31, and again U. S. Senator, 1840-1852. Wash- 
ington wrote his farewell address to his army at the Berrien homestead 
at Rocky Hill. 


Robert Blackwell, son of Jacob Francis Blackwell, of Long Island, 
New York, was born May 6, 1748, and entered Princeton College, 
from which he graduated in 1770. After his graduation he studied for 
the ministry, and on June 11, 1772, he was ordained a Deacon in the 
chapel of Fulham Palace, near London, by Bishop Richard Terrick, 
and subsequently to the order of the priesthood. Returning to Amer- 
ica, he was stationed in the southern part of New Jersey as a mission- 
ary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 
officiating at Gloucester and Waterford, and at Greenwich. In the 
war of the Revolution he served as Chaplain to the First Pennsylvania 
Brigade, and Surgeon to one of the regiments in the year 1778. In 1781 
he M'as called to be one of the assistant ministers of Christ church and 
St. Peter's, Philadelphia, where he served until 1811. He died Feb. 12, 


Samuel Blair was a son of the Rev. Samuel Blair, of Faggs' Manor, 
Fenn. He graduated from Princeton College, 1760, and was a tutor in 
the College, 1761-1764. In 1764 he received the degree of Master of Arts 
from Princeton. He was pastor of Old South, Boston. 1766-67. when his 
health gave way. He then retired to Germantown. Penn., where he died 
in 1818. 


The progenitor of this family was Jean or John Blanchard, who is 
first mentioned in our records under date of October 2, 1687, when he 
was a witness to the baptism at Kingston, N. Y., of Anna, child of 
Jan David and Esther Vincent. The other witness was Anne Valleau. 
Appended to the record is the note: "They are French people." The 
next mention of him is on the occasion of the baptism of his own 
child, Anna, at the same place. April 7, 1689, the witnesses being the 
parents, Anna Mahoult being the mother, and Marie Mahoult one of 
the witnesses. "French Reformed" notes the record. Upon the ac- 
cession of William and Mary to the throne of England, the residents 
of Ulster county, N. Y., were called upon, in common with the other 
settlers in the English colonies, to take the oath of allegiance, which 
they did under date of September 1, 1689. John Blanchard's name is 
enrolled among them. He m. 1st, Anna Mahoult, probably in 1688 or 
earlier; 2d, with license, in the N Y. Dutch church, June 30, 1695, 
Jeanne Gaulthier. He is described as the widower of Anna Mahoult, 
and his residence as New Castle (on the Delaware). His wife, Jeanne 
Gaulthier, w&s a spinster, living at New York. They had one child, 
Jeanne, b. January 20. 1606-7, and baptized March 21 following, in the 
French Church at New York. On the ensuing October 27, 1697, .lean 
Blanssard, living at "newcastel en painsiluanie," married Susanne 
Rezean, in the French Church at New York. She was a dau. of Rene 
Rezeau, of Staten Island, and Anne Coursier, his wife. Jean Blanch- 
ard evidently d. before April, 1730. His wife d. before 1720. as she is 
not mentioned in the will of her father, dated Feb 18. 1719-20. proved 
October 3, 1720, that instrument naming only her children. Blanch- 



ard must have settled soon -after his third marriage, at Eliza- 
bethtown, New Jersey, and perhaps before, as he was carrying on 
a country store at that place as early as 1700, which was carried 
on by him, and afterwards by his son, John, for many years. The 
following debit appears against him in the ledger of the Rev. John 
Harriman: "1703, May 17th, a house &c sold you this day at 80 lb 
is £80,00,00." (This house was sold by John Mills.) He took a mort- 
gage, Oct. 27, 1701, on two tracts in Elizabeth town, from William 
Darby and wife; in this instrument Blanchard is described as 
"trader." — N. J. Archives, 21: 151 In 1711 he was one of the justices 
of the peace, and in 1720 a member of the town committee. — Hatfield's 
Hist, of Elizabeth, 251, 265, 306. At a meeting of the inhabitants and 
freeholders of Elizabeth town, August 2, 1720, Blanchard was chosen 
one of a committee of seven to defend the rights of the purchasers 
under the Nicolls ;?rani, against the East Jersey Proprietors. — lb., 310. 
Administration was granted in his estate, April 6, 1730, to John 
Blanchard, doubtless his son, of Elizabethtown. As his wife is not 
mentioned in the will of her father, Feb. 18, 1719-20, she had probably 
d. before that date Jean Blanchard had issue: 
By his first wife. Anna Mahoult: 

i. Anna, bap. April 7, 1689, at Kingston, N. Y. She doubt- 
less m. William Dixon, of Elizabethtown, but was 
left a widi>w when only twenty-six years of age. 
Her husband's will, dated Sept. 16, 1715, was proved 
October 10. 1715, indicating that it was a death bed 
will. He mentions only one child, Anne. 
By his second wife, Jeanne Gaulthier: 

ii. Jeanne, b. January 20, 1696-7; bap. at the French 
Church, N. Y., March 21, 1697. According to her 
family Bible, in her own handwriting, she was b. 
January 7, 1696-7, a difference of thirteen days from 
the church record. She m. Dec. 16, 1725, Dirck oi 
Derrick Dey, bap. at New York March 27, 1687; she 
d. in New York, and was buried there August 14, 
1756; he d. there also, and was buried May 11, 1764. 
His will, dated August 4, 1761, was proved May 29, 
1764. He settled early in life at Lower Preakness, 
near Paterson, N J., and there erected, about 1740. 
the handsome stone mansion, still standing, which was 
occupied by Washington as his headquarters during 
October and November, 1780. Children (according to 
the family Bible): 1. Theunis, b. October 18, 1726. 
m (marriage license dated Dec. 12, 1749), Hester 
Srhuvler; she d. Sept. 30, 1784; he was a Colonel in 
the Revolution: d. June 10, 1787; 2. Jane, b. January 
IS, 1728; m. John Varick, June 15, 1749; both are 
buried in the Hackensack Dutch church yard; S. 
John. b. Nov. 27, 1729; d. about 1753, unm.; 4. Der- 
rick, b. May 4, 1732; d. young; 5. Anha, b. Aug. 12, 
1735; m. William McAdam, Dec. 12, 1764; he d. about 
1779; 6. Sarah, b. April 1, 173- (the record is torn 
here); d. yonng; 7. Mary, b. Aug. 18, 1741; m. David 
Shaw, Nov. 24, 1761; he is buried in the Hackensack 
Dutch church yard. 






By his third wife. Suzanne Rezeau: 

2. iv. Jean, b. Oct. 3. 1699; bap. Nov. 5, 1699, in the French 

Church in New York. 

3. V. Isaac, b. Sept. 14, 1701; bap. October 12, 1701, in the 

French Church in New York. 

4. vi. Peter, prob. bap. in one of the French churches then 

in existence on Staten Island, 
vii, Susannah, prob. bap. in one of the French churches 
then in existence on Staten Island; she was still liv- 
ing Feb. 18, 1719, as she is mentioned in the will of 
her grandfather, Rene Rezeau, of that date. She 
m. John Halstead.of Elizabeth. He left a will, dated 
A:jg. 28, 1785, in and by which he appointed his wife 
Susanna sole executrix, and gave her all his estate, 
real and personal. Witnesses — Daniel Marsh, Abra- 
ham Terrill, Amos Morss, junior. — N. J. Wills, Liber 
No. 28, f. 378. This will was proved July 19, 1786. 
But his wife had died before that date, without 
executing the will, probably dying immediately after 
her husband, and accordingly, on the same date that 
his will was pi'oved John Halstead, of Perth Amboy, 
was appointed administrator, Mathias Halstead, of 
the ^ame place, going on his bond. N. J. Archives, 
23:42; and will of John Blanchard, Jun., Liber E 
of Wills, f. 188. 
viii. Elizabeth, prob. bap. on Staten Island, in one of the 
French churches there. She is mentioned in the will 
of her grandfather, Feb. 18, 1719. 
ix. Marian, Maritie, Marie, Maria, Mary; although she is 
named in the above order in her grandfather's will, 
she was prob. the third child of Jean Blanchard by 
his thira wile, as she was m. and had at least one 
child as early as 1724. She m. John Mead, son of 
John Pieterse Meet and Margrietje Mandeville, bap. 
at New York March 25, 1691; will dated Aug. 12, 
1762; proved June 15. 1769, names wife Mary and the 
following chUdren: 1. Peter, m. Nov. 18, 1753, Jan- 
neke Van Winkle; 2. Johannes, b. January 31, 1724, 
bap. at Hacken.sack; m. January 15, 1753, Maria 
Cadmus: 3. Jacob, b. May 11, 1728; bap. at Ac- 
quackanonk Juno 10, 1728; m. March 14, 1756, at 
Acquackanonk, Maria Derjee; 4. Isaac, b. Sept. 13, 
1730; bap. at Acquackanonk, Oct. 11, 1730; 5. .Tillls. 
There was another child bap. at Acquackanonk, 
January 11, 1730-31, which prob. d. in inf. 

2. Jean* Jean* Blanchard, b. Oct. 3, 1699; m. Mary ; will 

proved 1749. He Is named as one of the executors of the will of Cor- 
nells Bryant, of Elizabethtown, Oct. 2, 1720. — N. J, Archives, 23: 69. He 
was granted administration, as principal creditor, on the estate ot 
Thomas Garring, of Whippany, Feb. 12, 1724-5.— J6., 181. The same 
day and for the same reason, he was appointed administrator of John 
Johnston, of Whippany. — lb., 266. He wittnessed the will. May 5, 
1721, of William Stiles, of Elizabethtown.— 76., 442. His brother Isaac 
named him as executor of his will, April 4, 1727. — lb., 42. He signed 
an agreement, Nov. 18, 1729, in reference to the records and convey- 


B l4 O O M F I £2 L. D 

ances In the old Town Book of Elizabethtown. — Hatfield's Hist, of 
Elizabeth, 312. On June IS, 1739, he was named first on a committee 
of five to collect money from the inhabitants to defray the expense ot 
running out the lines of the Elizabethtown purchase; and the same 
day was appointed on a committee to agree with the Newark people 
upon the division line between the two towns. — lb., 318, 319. He was 
one of the petitioners, about the same time, for the incorporation of 
the Borough of Elizabethtown, and in the charter granted by Gov- 
ernor Lewis Morris, Feb. 8, 173G-40, Mr. Blanch.ard was appointed 
Recorder of the Borough. — lb., 320-321. He was usually called John 
Blanchard, junior. He appears to have carried on his father's mer- 
cantile business most of his life. By deed dated March 27, 1746, John 
Schuyler, Peter Schuyler and Adoniah Schuyler conveyed to William 
Chetwood, John H.ilsted and John Blanchard 'One certain Parcell or 
Tract of Land Situate lying and being within the Bounds of Eliza- 
beth Town by Raway Brook on the East side thereof containing Nine 
hundred Acres be the same more or;" by an indenture dated 
June 19, 1747, the grantees declared and agreed that "no right or 
benefit of Survivorship shall be had or claimed by the survivor of 
them," but that their heirs should take the shares to which their 
respective ancestors would be entitled if living. — Original Unrecorded 
Deed, Nelson MSS. On June 20, 3747, "being sick in body but of a 
perfect memory," he made his will. He directs all his estate to be 
sold and converted into ready money, and his debts paid, and gives 
the rest and residue to his •vife Mary in fee simple. He appoints his 
wife and his brother-in-law .Fohn Halsted, junior, executors. The 
will was proved May 1, 1749. The executors renounced, and Jonathan 
Hampton, of Elizabeth Town, principal creditor, was appointed 
administrator with will annexed. — Liber E of Wills, f. 188. 

3. Isaac^ John^ Blanchard was one of the witnesses to the will of 
John Frazee, of Elizabethtown, Jan. 26, 1723-4.-2^. J. Archives, 23:172. 
The vvill of Isaac Blanchard, of Elizabethtown, yeoman, dated April 

4, 1727, was proved May 16, 1727. He names wife Jane, daughter Jane 
(under IS), and expected child.— 76., 42. Executors — wife Jane and 
brother John Blanchard. 

4. Of Peter2 John' Blanchtird, we have no data. 

One Peter Blanchard, of the city of New York, "sea faring man," 
made his will January 9A, 1757, in which he directs that after the 
payment of his debts all his personal estate shall go to his "loving 
mother Mrs. Mary Giffard," of the city of New York; "all the 
landed and real estate which I have or by right ought to have or 
might claim in the province ot New Jersey or elsewhere," to have and 
to hold the same during her natural life, with remainder to his half- 
sister, Mary Giftard, in fee simple. His mother is appointed execu- 
trix. The will was proved in New Jersey, June 22, 1759, and his 
mother qualified as executrix — J.iber O of Wills, f. 84. It has been 
conjectured rhat this Peter was a son of John^ John^ Blanchard and 

]Viary , his wife; that John's widow married a Giffard after his 

death, and had a child Mary by her second husband. This child, ot 
course, would not be the "half-sister" of Peter. 


In a copy of the English Bible, brought from Amsterdam, in 1715, 
there is a family record of the Bloomfields, copied from an older 
record, by Dr. Moses Blocmfield, father of Gov. Joseph Bloomfield, of 



New Jersey. The history is driven in the language of the original for 
several generations. Additions are here given from other sources. 

1. "Thomas Bloomfleld. — A major in Cromwell's army. Upon ye 
restoration of Charles ye II emigrated from Woodbridge, Suffolk, 
England, with his five chlldron, Ezekiel, John, Thomas, Nathaniel and 
Mary. He first took up lands where ye town of Newbury now stands 
in Massachusetts and on ye 21st May 1666 with his associates pur- 
chased of ye proprietors of East Jersey ye township of Woodbridge — 
so named for their home in England — It includes Perth Amboy and 
Piscataiway — And were among ye first settlers of ye town." (Wood- 
bridge never included the other two towns named.) 

2. "Ezeklel Bloomfleld. — Eldest son of Thomas Bloomfleld. Married 
Hope Fitzrandolph, whose father came in ye same vessel from Eng- 
land. Their children were Joseph, Timothy, Ezekiel, Jeremiah, Ben- 
jamin and Mary. 

3. "Joseph Bloomfleld. — Eldest son of Ezekiel. Was born March S, 
1695. September 5, 1721, he married his cousin Eunice, daughter of 
David Dunham and ye first above named Mary. Eunice died Novem- 
ber 30, 17o0, *n her 59th year. Joseph her husband died May 23, 1782." 

i. Hannah.* b. Nov. 17, 1722; d. Feb. 12, 1724. 
ii. Hannah. 2d, b. June 12, 1724; m. Jonathan Allston. 
iii. Marcha, b. July 26, 1726; d. April 10, 1731. 
•1. iv. Moses, b. Dec. 4, :720; u. Aug. 12, 1791. 

V. Asa, b. Aug. 25, 1733; d. aged 2 yis. 9 mos. 
5. vi. Jonathan, b. Aug. 25. 1735. 
vii. Esther, b. 1737; d in inf. 
viii. Esther, 2d, b. 1740; d. in inf. 
ix. Samuel, b. 174^- d in inf. 
G. i. Joseph,^ b. October 18, 17oS. 

ii. Samuel, b. March 10, 1755; d. aged ten days. 
7. iii. Samuel, 2d. b. Feb. 14, 1756. 

iv. Isaac, b. May 20, 1769; d. in his fourth year. 
V. Nancy, b. Dec. 3, 1761; d. Sept. 5, 1764. 
yi. Hannah: b. January 13. 1763; m. May 23, 1784, James 
Giles; d. Dec. 20, 182?: he was b. March 8, 1760; d. 

. Children: — 1. Mary Mcllvain, b. Aug. 10, 

1785; m. Abraham H. Inskeep, Oct. 1, 1803; (children 
—a. Sarah H., b. July 2.", 1804; b. Phoebe Giles, b. 
Sept. 7, 1808; c. Mary Bloomfield, b. July 4, 1811; d. 
Nancy Hampton, b. Sept. 20, 1818); 2. Phoebe 
Holmes, b. Aug. 10, 1785: twin with Mary Mcllvain; 
d. August 7, 180.S; 3. Frances Giles, b. May, 1788; d. 
Oct. 20, 1793; 4. Nancy Bloomfield, b. April 26, 1795; 
d. Sept. 17, 1800; 5. James Bradford, b. July e, ISOl; 
6. Sarah Ogden, h. March 5, 1804; d. Auguet 10, 1805. 
vii. Nancy, 2d, b. June 16, 1766; m. October 28, 1787, Dr. 
John Garet Wall; he was b. Dec. 15, 1759; d. Janu- 
ary 14, 1798. Issue: Moses Bloomfleld, b. August 3, 
1792; d. Sept. 5, 1823. It would appear from a legacy 
in the will of Jo.seph Bloomfleld that his sister Ann 
(?Nancy) m. 2d, James Paton. 
4. Moses* Joseph^* Ezekiel^ Tlioir^as^ Bloomfleld, b. at Woodbridge, 
Dec. 4, 1729; m. 1st, Nov. 27, 1752, Sarah, b. March 17, 1733-4, dau. of 
Robert and Phebe (Baldwin) Ogden; she d. Oct. 25, 1773; he m. 2d, the 

33 iii 


widow of Dr. Samuel Ward. "His first wife was a grranddaughter of 
Jonatlian Ogden, whose mother's maiden name was Harrison, (a 
daughter of) one of the original proprietors of Elizabethtown, New 
Jersey, her father, John likewise migrated with him and his two 
brothers, from England, after ye restoration in 1666." Moses was 
educated for a physician In the best manner, finishing his studies in 
Edinburgh. Upon his return to this country he soon achieved a repu- 
tation for slcill in his profession. He was one of the original mem- 
bers of the New Jersey Medical Society, organized July 23. 1766, and 
his name as secretary Is appended to notices of meetings of the 
Society, October 4, 1767, and March 2?., 1768. He was prominent and 
influential in promoting the welfare of the Society. He was named 
as a trustee in the charter of the First Presbyterian Church In the 
Township of Wood bridge, granted by Governor Jonathan Belcher, 
September 8, 1756. The 'Meeting House Green" was surveyed, at 
his request, Aug. 8, 1784. In the charter of the Free Schools in the 
Town of Woodbridfie, granted by Governor Franklin, June 24, 176y, 
Moses Bloomfield is named as one of the trustees. In the charter 
granted by Governor Franklin, December 22, 1773, for Incorporating 
"The New Jersey Society for the better support of the widows 
and education of the children of deceased Presbyterian ministers 
in communion with the present Established Church of Scotland," 
Moses Bloomfield was named as one of the incorporators. His name is 
appended to a set of resolutions adopted by the "Freeholders and 
Freemen" of Woodbridge, July 23, 1770, affirming allegiance to King 
George, but declaring their adherence to the Non-Importation Agree- 
ment, until the British ministry should make "ample Confession of 
their Crime" in infringing upon the "natural Privileges of our happy 
Constitution," previously enjoyed by the Colonists. Nevertheless, 
when ther^' appeared in the same paper that published these resolves, 
and immediately following them, an advertisement plainly threatening 
the merchants who \iolated the agreement with tar and feathers, he 
wrote to the paper disclaiming for the. Sons of Liberty of Woodbridge 
all responsibility for said advertisement, and declared that the "re- 
spectable Freeholders and Freemen of Woodbridge (acting as a Body) 
never did. nor ever will do, or cause to be done, any Thing inconsistent 
with T^w or Liberty." He was appointed a Justice of the Peace and 
Judge of Middlesex County, September 19, 1776, and was again 
appointed Justice of the Peace of the County, June 5, 1787. He was 
clerk of the Board of Chosen Freeholders of the County, 1773-1784, and 
frequently served as moderator of the town meetings. His name Is 
signed as secretary, to a letter sent by the Woodbridge committee. 
May 1, 1775, to the several patriotic committees of Massachusetts, 
thanking them for the "noble stand" they had made. Among the 
deputies elected by Middlesex county to the Convention of New Jersey, 
which met at Burlington, June 10, 1776, and which adopted the first 
constitution of the State, July 2, 1776, was Moses Bloomfield, but his 
name seldom appears in the minutes, indicating that for some reason 
he was not regular in attendance — probably because of service in the 
field, for on August 21, 1776, he was appointed one of a committee of 
four members to audit bills approved by the Convention, and oh the 
same day that body ordered paid "to Dr. Moses Bloomfield five Pounds 
eleven Shillings and five PSnce, in full of his account of medicines and 
attendance on Capt. Neal's Artillery Company," which was encamped 
at Perth Amboy during the summer. On May 14, 1777, he was com- 
missioned Hospital Surgeon of the Continental Army, and Hospital 





Physician and Surgeon, October 6. 1780. He was at the hospital In 
Princeton, in October, 1778. He resigned December 13, 1780. The 
New Jersey Journal, published at Chatham, in its issue for August 9, 
1780, states that he was carried off by a party from Staten Island, the 
week previous. His capture is also reported In the IfevD Jersey Gazette, 
Trenton, of August 16, 1780. He was exchanged within a month, for 
Dr. de Bass, a Hessian Surgeon. He was elected a member of the 
Assembly from Middlesex county in 1784. He died at Woodbridge, 
August 14, 1791, and his tombstone stands in the Presbyterian church- 
yard in that town. In an obituary notice of his death, in the New 
Jersey Journal, August 31, 1791, a correspondent writes: "He main- 
tained an eminent character as a scholar, a physician, a gentleman and 
a Christian. In the early part of his life, he became acquainted with 
men as well as books. When his assistance as a physician was called 
for by the public, he cheerfully stepped forward and served with faith- 
fulness and reputation as senior physician ana surgeon until near the 
close of the war, when he retired to private life of his own accord. As 
a physician he was skilful, attentive and successful; easy and familial 
in his manners and address; he was benevolent and liberal to the poor 
without ostentation, religious without bigotry, never ashamed to own 
in any company that he was a Christian; nor would he neglect his duty 
to God or to his fellow-men on any account whatever. His last illness, 
which lasted more than two years, he bore with an uncommon Chris- 
tian patience and fortitude. In his death the State has lost a worthy 
citizen, and the FVesbyterian Church an important member." Dr. 
Wickes says "he was a man of fine appearance and of more than or- 
dinary culture and ability, and was considered one of the best phy- 
sicians of his day." His residence is thought to have been the old 
Bloomfield homestead, which in 1873 was occupied by George C. Hance. 
The will of Moses Bloomfield, "late practitioner of Physic and 
Surgery," dated Dec. 20, 1790, devises to daughter Hannah, now wife 
of James Giles, Esq., and her heirs, "a lot of land beginning at the 
Southeast corner of a certain lot of land, heretofore conveyed by me 
to my son-in-law Dr. John G. Wall"; to grandson Moses Bloomfield, 
son of Dr. Samuel Bloomfield, and his heirs, land between the said 
daughter Hannah and the parsonage belonging to the eldest Presby- 
terian Society in Woodbridge; in case of his death before coming of 
age, then to his father; to sons Joseph and Samuel all the residue of 
real estate equally, as tenants in common, and to be estimated in the 
division at £2,000 specie; to wife Phebe £40 specie, "together with 
the labor and service of my negro Festus until the first of October, 
1798, on which day the said negro shall be manumitted"; has advanced 
£444 to son Samuel, and £170 to daughter Hannah, and £170 to 
daughter Nancy, etc. Executors — sons Joseph and Samuel. Witnesses— 
Jarvls Bloomfield, Samuel Herriott, John Mersereau, of the town of 
Woodbridge, merchant. Proved Aug. 20, 1791. Dr. Samuel Bloomfield 
renounced and Joseph Bloomfield qualified as executor.— 2V^. J. Wills, 
Liber SI, f. 53. In the Newark (N. J.) Eaf/le, sometime in 1840, there 
was published an account of a meeting held at Woodbridge, July 4, 
1783, whereat Dr. Bloomfield ascended the platform with fourteen 
slaves, and after a patriotic speech setting forth his belief in the 
principles of the Declaration <.f Independence, formally declared all 
his slaves free. Moses Bloomfield had issue (all by his first wife). 
5. Jonathan^ Joseph* Ezekieiz Thomas* Bloomfield, b. Aug. 25, 1735; 
m. January 12, 1758, Elizabeth, dau. of John Wood, of Huntington, 
Long Island; she d. Aug. 22, 1776. His farm lying on the direct road 



between New York and the South, he was greatly harassed by the 
movements of the troops back and forth. On one occasion he, and 
Dr. Moses Bloomfiold, and others were captured by the British and 
carried off to New York, where they were lodged In the sugar house, 
but they were exchanged within a few weeks. Issue: 

i. Jarvis,* m. . Child: Anna, b. about 1792; m. 

Bernard, of Constantia, N. Y. He was a lieu- 

tenanc in the Revolution, but on account of strait- 
ened circumstances withdrew from the army in 
1781, and engaged on board a privateer, commanded 
by Captain Truxton. The vessel on her first expe- 
dition was captured, and Jarvis thrown into the 
prison ship at New York. In the summer of 1782 he 
was exchanged, and returned home, much weakened 
by sickness caused by his long confinement. As 
soon as he recovered he formed a company of volun- 
teers and fitted out several large boats with which 
he made trips from the mouth of Woodbridge creek 
around Staten Island, and cut several merchant 
ships. After the war he engaged in the lumber 
trade between New York and Virginia. In returning 
to New York in the sloop which he commanded, in 
1794, he was thrown overboard by a sudden turn of 
the boom as he came on deck. He was ill at the 
time, and closely bound up in his overcoat, and be- 
» fore assistance could reach him he was drowned. 

8. ii. John Wood. 

lii. Eunice, m. Jonathan Bloomfield. 
iv. Betsey, m. Nathan Bloomfield; d. s. p. 
V. Martha, m. Richard Marsh, 
vi. Phebe, m. Timothy .lervis. 
vii. Mary, d. 1773. 
viii. Sarah, d. 1780. 
ix. Mary, 2d, m. Richard Carman. 


6. Joseph' Moses^ Joseph' EzekieF Thomas^ Bloomfield, born at 
Woodbridge, October 18th, 1753; m. 1st, December 17, 1778, Mary, dau. 
of Dr. William Mcllvaine. of Philadelphia; she d. in 1818; he m. 2d, 

Isabella , who survived him. He d. October 3, 1823. There 

is an unsupported tradition that in the second year of his marriagf 
to Miss Mcllvaine, they had a child, who lived only ten days. Joseph 
studied law with Cortlandt Skinner, at Perth Amboy, and was 
licensed as an attorney and counsellor November 12th, 1774; in No- 
vember, 1792, he was called up to be serveant-at-law. On the break- 
ing out of the war he volunteered. e.nd was commissioned a Captain 
in 1775. He served In the unfortunate expedition against Quebec. 
On his return to New Jersey he was obliged to arrest his old precep- 
tor. In 1777 he was a Major. After the war he was appointed 
Register of Admiralty, 1783. and Attorney-General of New Jersey, 
1783-1792; was Brigadier-General in the brief expedition to suppress 
the Whiskey Rebellion, in 1794; Mayor of Burlington (where h© 
had taken up his residence soon after the war), 1795-1800; and mem- 
ber of the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Burlington county. The 
New Jersey Legislature elected him Governor of the State, annually, 



1801-1312, except in 1802, when tliere was a tie vote and the State 
went without a Governoi- for a year. In 1811 he published a com- 
pilation of the Laws from 1799. He was a Brigadier-General in 
the War of 1812. In 1817 he was elected to Congress, and again in 
1819, serving four years. He died October 3d, 1823, and was buried 
two days later in St. Mary's churchyar.l, Burlington. He was a 
man of decidedly literary tastes, accumulating a fine library. In poll- 
tics he was an ardent Republican, and a friend of Thomas Jefferson. 
He was also a warm friend of Aaron Burr, and while Governor urged 
the Prosecutor of the Pleas of Bergen county to enter a nolle prosequi 
in the case of the Indictment of the Vice-President for shooting Alex- 
ander Hamilton, in the duel in July, 1804, at Weehawken, in that 
county. The indictment was accordingly nolled. He was a man of 
excellent qualities, kindly in his Intercourse with his fellows, a little 
whimsical or even eccentric at times, but always highly respected by 
those who knew him. See 2 Proceedings New Jersey Historical Society, 
IX., 12; 2 N. J. Archives, I., 341. His will, dated Dec. 30, 1823, proved 
Nov. 10, 1823, names as executors wife Isabella, sister Hannah, wife 
of James Giles, James Giles and Samuel Wetherill Price, of the city 
of Philadelphia, they to sell and convey real and personal estate, and 
to pay sister Ann Paton $300 semi-annually during life; the Income 
from remainder of estate to wife Isabella, and so much of the prin- 
cipal as she may need for her support, with power to bequeath one- 
half of residue of estate remaining at her decease; the other half to 
sister Hannah Giles, or in case of her prior death, to her children. 
Witnesses— A. Griffith, Mary B. Griffith, Wm. S. Coxe. The inventory 
of the estate was made Dec. 31, 1823. Furniture, $888.52. Notes from 
David E. Paten and Joseph B. Wiggins ("desperate"); bonds of Isaac 
Humphreys, Moses Bloomfleld, Patrick Ford; shares in the Burlington 
Aqueduct Co.; bond of Joseph Ellis Bloomfleld, dated Oct. 26, 1822, 
payable Aug. 9, 1827, doubtful. Total of notes, etc., $6,322.46. Sworn 
to May 31, 1S2B.— Original Wills, etc. It might be added that Joseph 
Bloomfleld was chosen by the Legislature of New Jersey to be Presi- 
dential elector in 3 792; he was vice-president of the Society of the 
Cincinnati of New Jersey, July, 1794, until his election as president of 
the Society, July, 1808 When the village of Bloomfleld assumed that 
name the Governor wrote a graceful letter of acknowledgment, and 
sent a check for a substantial amount to the Presbyterian congrega- 
tion of the place. 

7. Samuel, 2d,» Moses* Joseph* Ezekiel* Thomas^ Bloomfleld, b. Feb. 
14, 1756; m. Abigail Ellis, dau. of Joseph Ellis, of Gloucester, N. J.; d. 
November 25, 1806; she was b. January 7, 1761; she survived her hus- 
band. He studied medicine with his father, and was otherwise well 
educated. He settled and practised for many years at Colestown, 
Gloucester county. He served in the Revolutionary army as surgeon. 
His will, dated April 24, 1801, proved April 20, 1807, gives to wife 
Abigail all his estate for his maintenance and the maintenance and 
support of her children, with remainder equally to sons — Joseph Ellis, 
Moses and Samuel. Executors — wife Abigail, and brother Joseph 
Bloomfleld. Witnesses — Mary Ann Mci lvalue, Rachel Mcll value, Sally 

Reading. — Gloucester Wills, 1807. Issue: 

1. Sarah Ogden,« b. Sept. 23, 1781; d. Aug. 28, 1794. 

9. 11. Joseph Ellis, l). Dec. 16. 1787. 

iii. Moses Ogden, b. Aug. 23, 1790. He was a lieutenant in 
the U. S. army which invaded Canada in the War 
of 1812-15, and served with that portion of the army 
which was at Sackett's Harbor. He was with Gen. 



Zebulon Montgomery Pike, at the storming of York 
(now Toronto). His division carried the heights and 
captured the colors. He Tvas the first to seize the 
flag, and was shot dead in the act. His recovered 
body was wrapped in the flag he had so gallantly 
captured until buried, after which the ensign long 
remained in the family of his oldest brother, Joseph 
Ellis Blcomfleld. 
iv. Samuel-Giles, b. April 14, 1796; d. Sept. 17, 1814. He 
entered the army during the War of 1812-15, and was 
commissioned a lieutenant cf artillery, U. S. A. He 
was killed in a duel with a superior officer at Fort 
Stanwix, Oneida county, N. Y. (Another account 
gives the locality as Greenbush, opposite Albany.) 
His brother, Joseph -Ellis Bloomfield, was wont to 
say that "at the time it was termed an almost de- 
liberate murder. Giles Bloomfield, a mere inex- 
perienced youth of eighteen, was upon more than 
one occasion twitted in some way by an officer more 
than twice his age. It is said he had a sort of 
grudge against Giles, who was a favorite with every- 
body else. When again receiving some taunt, the 
mere boy, with all the proud spirit of the Bloom- 
fields in him, and brave courage, too, challenged the 
officer, who was an experienced duellist, it was 
afterwards learned. At the very first fire he killed 
Giles. It was pronounced at once by all who wit- 
nessed the occurrence, a cruel and almost deliberate 
murder. The officer had to resign, or leave the com- 
pany. His name was never mentioned, but with 
scorn." It is not given in any account of the duel 
that has come to the writer's notice. 
9. Joseph-Ellis« Samuel"* Moses* Joseph" Ezekiel* Thomas^ Bloomfield, 
b. at Woodbridge, Dec. 16, 17S7; m. Mary Frances Barbarous, Sept. 
24, 1819; d. at Oswego. N. J, .Tune 29, 1872. She was b. at Burling- 
ton, May 30, 1801; d. at Oswego, Dec. 3, 1881. (Her father was Jean 
Andre Barbaroux, a native of Au Valour Marseilles, France. He be- 
came a coffee planter in the Isle of Martinique, according to one ac- 
count, but according to another, he settled in the island of San Do- 
mingo, where he owned several large coffee plantations. He m., in 
the West Indies, Jeanne Marie Amarinthe De Vaucelles. During the 
insurrection of 1791 he and his M'Ife were obliged to flee for their 
lives, taking only their personal iiroperty with them. They came to 
Burlington, where they ended their days. He was buried In St. 
Mary's church yard. May 7, 1825; she was buried in the same church 
yard March 31, 1826. They had two children — Mary Frances, m. 
Joseph-Ellis Bloomfield, as mentioned above; and Jane Eliza, m. Dr. 
William S. Coxe, of Burlington.) .Joseph-Ellis Bloomfield entered into 
mercantile life at an early age, and in the course of time represented 
a Philadelphia mercantile house at Cadiz, Spain. At one time he 
served under a U. S. consular appoint?nent in the same city. While 
in Europe he traveled quite extensively. After his return to this 
country he resided in New Jersey and New York, and interested him- 
self in the canal improvements of the day, writing and corresponding 
much on the subject. Subsequently, he removed to Oneida county, 
N. Y., where he had large landed interests. Part of the time he made 



his home in Utica, where he carried on milling. He also resided for 
a time at Tabergr, N. Y. He became deeply interested in the subject 
of railroads, which were just making their way into public notice, and 
wrote a great deal in relation thereto, corresponding extensively with 
the leading railroad builders and managers of the day, urging the Im- 
portance of easy grades and direct routes, that would avoid crooked 
lines and local interests. 
8. John-Wood,» Jonathan* Joseph* Ezekiel* Thomas* Bloomfield. b. 

. 1765; m. in 1789, Ann Ellis, wid. of Joseph Ellis, and dau. of 

Samuel BuUus; d. , 18 i&, at Rome, N. Y., and was buried there. 

From an autobiographical memoir which he prepared in 1844, many 
of the incidents of the lives of his father, brothers and sisters have 
been extracted, as well as the particulars of his own life. (This 
memoir was published in the Rome Daily Sentinel, June 2, 1887.) At 
the close of the Revolutionary war he continued to assist his father 
in carrying on his farm at Woodbridge, until 1786. Then, through the 
influence of Joseph Bloomfield (afterwards Governor), he went to 
Burlington and became interested with him and one John Little, in 
the manufacture of iron. In 1788 this partnership was dissolved, and 
another formed with Joseph Bloomfield and William Coxe. In 1791 
this partnership was dissolved, having lost much money, John's share 
being between $1,500 and $2,000, for which he was in debt to Joseph 
Bloomfield. He continued the manufacture of iron alone, until the 
fall of 1792. Mr. Mcllvaine, of Burlingrton, had bought of Joseph 
Bloomfield a tract of 1,600 acres in the present town of Lee, New 
York. The terms of the grant to Bloomfield stipulated that a certain 
number of settlers should be located on the land within a given time. 
This period had nearly expired. In the spring of 1793 Bloomfield. as 
the agent of Mr. Mcllvaine, went from Burlington on horseback to 
Oneida county, and caused the lands to be surveyed. In company 
with three others he bought from George Scriba 4,000 acres of land 
as a private speculation. He got back to Burlington about July 10. 
He returned to Oneida county the next year, and settled at AnnsvlUe, 
which was named for his wife. In 1804 he took up his residence at 
Rome, N. Y. At one time he had charge of the iron works at Con- 
stantia, and was also interested in the iron works at Taberg, N. Y. 

i. Mary Frances.^ b. in Burlington, Oct. 11, 1820; m. April 
20, 1852, at Mexico, N. Y., George Monizette Chap- 
man, b. April 24. 1827, son of Levi and Permela 
(Colburn) Chapman; d. in Chattanooga, Tenn., 
March 25, 1901; he d. March 4, 1908. Children:— 1. 
Josephine Kirby, b. in Oswego, N. Y., Sept. 4, 1853; 
living (1910> in Chattanooga, Tenn., unm.; 2. Julia 
Bloomfield, b. in Brooklyn, N. Y., March 19, 1855; d. 
Feb. 15. 1900; 3. Levi Colburn, b. in Chicago, 111., 
Dec. S, 1858; d. May 28, 1861. 
ii. Julia Ann, b. in Taberg, Oneida county, N. Y., Sept. 23, 

1822; d. March 18. 1S24. 
iii. Francis Ogden, b. in Taberg, Oneida county, N. Y., 
Aug. 17, 1824: d. in Oswego, N. Y.. Sept. 9, 1837. 

iv. Elizabeth Barbarroux, b. in Burlington, Aug. , 

1826; d. In Oswego, April 29, 1899, unm. 
V. James Andre, b. in New York city, March 4, 1828; d» 

near Watab, Minn., March 17, 1852, unm. 
vi. Julia Keen, b. in New York city, July 27, 1829; living 
at Oswego, in 1910. Although a confirmed invalid 



ft»r many years, conflned to her bed most of the 
time, she was in the possession of a remarkably 
vigorous Intellect, and in 1909 produced a most 
elaboi-ate and admirable History of Oneida County, 
N. Y., grivingr an especially full account of the Indian 
Nation from whom the county is named, 
vii. William Russell, b. in Utlca, N. Y., Oct. 20, 1833; m. 

, of Philadelphia; d. in Kansas, 1906, s. p. He 

served as an officer of a Wisconsin regiment during 
the war of the rebellion. 
10. vlii. Ogden, b. in New York city, January 16, 1843. 
10. Op-den^ Joseph -Ellis« Samuel" Moses* Joseph" Ezekiel=« Thomas* 
Bloomfleld, b in New York city January 16, 1843; m. at Utica, N. Y.» 
October 9, 1857, Elizabeth Spencer, of Ohio; d. in New York, April 4. 
1891; she was b. in Ohio Aug. 6, 1848; d. in Fair Haven, Cayuga 
county. N. Y., Dec. 22, 1879. He was a physician. He served in an 
Oswego regiment in the war of the rebellion, when but nineteen. 

i. Frederick-Ellis 8 b. at Oswego, Sept. 2, 1869; d. at 

Berne, Ohio, Sept. 11, 1870. 
ii. Frances Barbarroux. b at Berne, Ohio, January 8, 

1871; d. at Berne. March 6, 1873. 
iii. Edward Russell, b. at Fair Haven, Cayuga county, N. 
Y., April 2, 1874; d. in Phoenix, Arizona, March 26, 
1904, unni. 
iv. Mary Elizabeth, b. in Fair Haven, N. Y., August 6, 

1877; living (1909) at home, in Oswego, unm. 
V. France Ogden, b. in Fair Haven, N. Y., June 9, 1879; 
d. at that place Sept. 26, 1879. 
From the foregoing, it seems that the name Bloomfield has become 
extinct In the lines above given. 


Richard Borden baptized Feb. 22, 1595-6, married Sept. 28, 1625, Jane 
Fowlo, born Feb. 15, 1604. He was admitted an inhabitant of Aquid- 
neck, R. I., in 1638, and on May 20 was allotted five acres. On March 16, 
1641, he became a freeman. In 1665 he and Benjamin Borden (his son, 
then a minor), James Grover and others, all of Gravesend, L. I., bought 
considerable tracts of land at Neversink, Narumson and Portupick, 
in Monmouth county, N. J., for which he contributed £9, and was 
allotted three shares. Richard was a Deputy to the General Court in 
1667-70, indicating that Jie had returned from Long Island, if, indeed, 
he ever removed from Rhode Island. "He died May 25, 1671, and was 
buried In "the burying place that Robert Dennis gave Friends in 
Portsmouth," R. I. His (nuncupative) will was proved May 31, 1671, by 
the Town Council, on testimony concerning the wishes of the de- 
ceased. By Its provisions land in New Jersey was left to his son 
Francis. His personal estate was inventoried at £1572 8s. 9td. His 
widow, Joan Fowle, d. July 16, l^S&.—Oenealogical Dictionary of Rhode 
Island, by John Osborne Austin, 1887, 23-24; Monmouth County Deeds, 
A AC; Uifit. Burlington and Mercer Counties, 454; Old Times in Old Mon- 
mouth, 207; Borden Genealogy . His children were: 

Second Oeneration. 
i. Thomas*, m. Mary Harris. Jan. 20, 1664; d. Nov. 25, 
1676; she d. March 22. 1718. He lived at Portsmouth. 
N. H. 



2. ii. Francis', b. in England; m. Jane Vicars, 12th of 4th 

mo., 1677: d. 19th 1st mo., 1704-5. His will is dated 
May 24, 1703; codicil, Feb. 18, 1705. 

lil. Matthew", born May 16, 1638; married Sarah Clayton, 
March 4, 1674; died July 5, 1708; she died April 19, 
1735, aged 82. He lived at Portsmouth, R. I. He was 
"the first English child born on Rhode Island," say 
Friends' records. He owned land on Cooper's creek. 
Gloucester county, in 1685. A patent was issued to 
him for 400 acres on Crosswicks creek and John Tom- 
linson's Run, 4th mo. 1695.— AT. J. irchivca, XXL. 377, 

Iv. John*, torn September, 1640; married Mary Earle. Dec. 
25, 1670; d. June 4, 1716; she was born 1655, and d. 
June, 1734. He lived at Portsmouth, R. I. He de- 
vised to his daughters, Hope and Mary Borden, all his 
lands in Shrewsbury, N. J., and certain lands in Penn- 
sylvania. He owned land in Monmouth county as 
early as 1687. See N. J. Archives, XXL, 99. 

v. Joseph", born July 3, 1643; married Hope . He 

lived at Portsmouth, R. I., and at Barbadoes, W. I. 
Joseph Borden, of Chester county. Pa., cordwainer, 
bought a tract of 356 acres of land at Oneanickon, 
alias Carmell, Springfield township, Burlington county, 
Dec. 1, nOl.—N. J. Archives, XXL, 531. 

vi. Sarah", born May, 1644; married Jonathan Holmes, b. 
cir. 1637, son of Obadiah and Catherine Holmes; she 
died about 1705; he died in 1713. She had 9 children, 
vii. Samuel", born July, 1645; married Elizabeth Crosse. 
^ June 1, 1679. On Feb. 10, 1672, he sold Lewis Mattox. 
of Portsmouth, R. I., a share of land in Monmouth, 
N. J. He is said to have removed to Westchester, 
N. Y., prior to his marriage, but was afterwards at 
Philadelphia, where he died. He was a member of 
the West Jersey Assembly in 1682, says Smith's Hist, 
of N. J., 151. There was surveyed for Samuel Borden 
a tract of 200 acres "at Hatt's Plantation on the 
northwest side of the road from Burlington to Shrows- 
burry," Feb. 21. 1681-2.— iV. J. Archives, XXL, 350. 
This tract was conveyed by his administrators about 
1694. — 76., 372. Administration on the estate in West 
Jersey of Samuel Borden was granted Feb. 8, 1692-3, 
to Francis Rawle, of Philadelphia, merchant, princi- 
pal creditor of the deceased; Thomas Budd, of Phila- 
delphia, and John Budd. of Burlington, were bonds- 
men for the administrator. — Burlington Records, p. 19; 
N. J. Archives, XXIV., 46. Francis Rawle, adminis- 
trator of the estate of Samuel Borden, of Pennsyl- 
vania, dec'^d, and Thomas Woodroof, of Salem, late of 
London, conveyed to James Antram, of Mansfield, 
Burlington, yeoman, one twenty-fourth of a share of 
the Province, bought by Woodroof of Borden. — lb., 
454. Was this the same person? 

3. vlii. Benjamin", b'orn May, 1649; died 1718; married Abigail 

Qrover, Sept. 22, 1670. 
ix. Amey", b. Feb., 1654; d. Feb. 5, 1684; married William 
Richardson, of Flushing. L. I. She had three sons. 



X. Mary2, b. April — , 1656; married John Cook, son of 
Thomas, of Providence, R. L, and died before 1691. 
Third Generation. 

2. Francis' Borden was a freeman of Portsmouth in 1655. He removed 
to Shrewsbury, N. J., in 1665, or soon after. The first Friends' meeting 
in New Jersey is said to have been held at his house, in 1672. The 
court was held at his house, Sept. 3, 1678. He married Jane 
Vicars, 12th of 4th mo., 1677. He d. in Shrewsbury, 19th 1st mo., 
1704-5. His will, dated May 24, 1703, describes him as of Shrews- 
bury, yeoman. In it he devises lands patented March 25, 1687, 
and other tracts bought May 4, 1696, and of his brother, John Borden, 
April 7, 1700; also property in the Parish of Goudherst (Goldhurst), 
Kent, England, inherited from Francis Fowle, of Cranbrook, county 
of Kent, by his will of October 8, 1632. This is suggestive of the origin 
of the Borden family, although Fowle was probably a connection or 
an ancestor in the maternal line. Francis Borden appointed his wife 
and his son Francis executors of his will. His personal estate was 
inventoried at £106. 11, 6.— East Jtracy Wills, Lib. 1, p. 151. The "Jean 
Borden" who in 1707 was induced to contribute £3 toward a fund said 
to be for the purpose of bribing Lord Cornbury, then Governor, to do 
justice to the people, was probably the widow of Francis Borden.— 
Austin, as cited; Hist. Burlington and Mercer Countks, 454; N. J. 
Archives, III., 214; Bhretcshury Friends' Records. He made a codicil it> 
his will, dated Feb. 18, 1705, and the will and codicil were proved May 
9, 1706. Many references to Francis Borden are to be found in N. J. 
Archives, XXI. In the early records this name usually appears as 
Burden or Burdein. 

The children of Francis Borden and Jane Vicars were (all b. at 
Shrewsbury) : 

4. i. Richard^, b. 11th of 2d mo., 16—; m. Mary ; d. 

April 6. 1759, at Shrewsbury. 

5. ii. Francis', b. 1st of 9th mo., 1680; m. Mary ; d. at 

Evesham, Burlington county. His will was proved 
April 6, 1759. 
iii. Jo>-ce», b. 4th of 4th mo., 1682; m. John Hance, junior, 
b. 11th 3d mo., 1683; d. Feb. 26, 1728-9; she d. Feb. 4. 
1722-3. She and her husband were buried in the old 
Rumson burying ground, their gravestones being per- 
fectly preserved, although the oldest in the yard. 
Issue: 1. Joseph; 2. John, named in the will of Fran- 
cis Borden; 3. Joyce, who married Zebulon Dickason; 
and perhaps others. 

6. iv. Thomas*, b. 4th of 12th mo., 1684; d. Sept. 28, 1764; m 

Margaret . 

3. Benjamin* Borden married Abigail Grover (dau. of James Grover, 
senior, of Middletown), Sept. 22, 1670; she d. Jan. 8, 1720, aged 6G 
years. He probably removed from Portsmouth, R. I., soon after 
making the purchase of lands in Shrewsbury, in 1665, and settled 
at the latter place, being allotted Lot No. 29 of "the lotts of 
Middleton," Dec. 30, 1667, and the next day Lot No. 23. in "the 
lotts that are in the Poplar feild and the mountany feild."— 
Town Book of Old Middletown, 1. He was allowed, April 9, 1670, to take 
up nine acres elsewhere in lieu of Lot No. 23, "considering the badnes 
of it being throwne up to make good some other lotts."— 76., 10. 
He was admitted, July 8, 1670, as one of the associate patentees. He 
contributed £6 coward the purchase, and was allotted one share. The 
court was held at his house in Shrewsbury, in 1676. He was a Justice 



of the Peace in 1685. In 1692 and 1694 he was elected to the Assembly 
from Middletown, and in 1695 and 1698 as one of the six members from 
Monmouth county. In 1693 he was appointed by act of the Assembly 
to be one of the Road Commissioners for Monmouth County, a posi- 
tion he still held in 1711. He was one of three men "legally Chosen 
(Jan. 1, 1695-6) to meet the men of the other towns of the County to 
Assess .... the tax or Hate that Is to be Raised for the Support 
of the Government," to which office (corresponding with the "chosen 
freeholder" of to-day) he was re-elected in 1697-8.— roirn Book, 32-33. 
The records of conveyances show that he was a large landholder; 
some of his purchases were as follows: Oct. 21, 167S— return of survey 
for tract in the allotment of (vOhanzlck: 1677-8, Feb. 28— patent for 
same, 300 acres; he was then a weaver, of Middletown; June 20, 1677— 
patent for 351 acres at Middletown; Jan. 22, 1687— patent for 150 acres 
in Monmouth county; March 28, 1688— he was the owner of l-20th of 
l-48th of East Jersey; May 1, 1695— patent for 240 acres at Crosswicks, 
and 30 acres at Barnegat; Oct. 5, 1696— deed for 560 acres in Monmouth 
county.— jyr. J. Archives, XXI., 27, 113, 116, 235, 297, 542, 556, 566. In 1716 he 
appears to have been of Evesham, Burlington county, when he con- 
veyed lands to his son Joseph, of Freehold. In 1718, being then of 
Auchweas, Burlington county, he conveyed lands to his son James.— 
Austin, as cited; Old Times in Old Monmouth, 170, 171, 207. 208, 249; N. J. 
Archives, XXI., 158-61. His children were: 

1. Richard', b. Jan. 9, 1672; married Mary Worthley, April 
7, 1695. Probably on account of some of the political 
troubles of the day, the Attorney (Jeneral was directed 
in 1734 to file an information against him. In 1739 
he was of Chester, Burlington county. In 1750 he re- 
sided at Evesham, Burlington county. He had a suit 
in chancery against Richard Stout, but his solicitor, 
John Coxe, threw up the case in a huff, saying that 
he could not get justice from Gov. Belcher, the Chan- 
cellor ex-offlcio. — N. J. Archives. XIV., 505; XI., 580; 
VII., 542-3. 547. 
11. Benjamin*, b. April 6, 1675. He settled at Middletown, 
Monmouth county. He bought, Jan. 8, 1700, of An- 
thony Woodward, a tract of 1,000 acres of the great 
Dockwra patent, south of Arneytown. — Hist. Burling- 
ton and Mercer Counties, 454. When the court of ses- 
sions at Middletown, on March 25, 1701, arraigned 
Moses Butterworth for piracy, and he confessed that 
he had sailed with Capt. William Kidd on his last 
voyage, Benjamin Borden and his brother Richard 
were conspicuous among the thirty or forty men who 
dashed into the court room to rescue the prisoner. 
The two Bordens were arrested by the constables, but 
a hundred men quickly rallied, and they were rescued 
from the officers* grasp, though wounded in the mel6e, 
and the rioters turned the tables by imprisoning the 
Governor (Col. Andrew Hamilton), the Court, the At- 
torney General and the court officers for four days, in 
token of their contempt for the waning authority of 
the Proprietary Government. — Monmouth County Rec- 
ords, Book of Minutes No. 1, quoted in "Old Times in 
Old Monmouth," 263; N. J. Archives, II., 362-3. Ben- 
jamin Borden and James Borden were among the peti- 
tioners in 1701 for a Royal instead of a Proprietary 
Governor. — N. J. Archives, II., 396. He was the agent 



for the receipt of the Monmouth county taxes in 1705 
and 1706.— /6., III., 351-2. Administration on the 
estate of Benjamin Borden, of Bvesham township, 
Bu'rlinsrton county, yeoman, was firranted June 6. 1728, 
to Susannah Borden, his widow. The inventory of 
his personal estate amounted to £222, 10, 10^. — East 
Jersey Wills, Liber 2, p. 532. 

7. Hi. Jame8^ b. Sept. 6, 1677; m. Mary . The will of 

James Borden, of Freehold township, Monmouth 

county, is dated Dec. 23, 1727, and was proved Feb. 

22, 1730-31. His personal estate was inventoried at 

£115, 16, 10. 
iv. Rebecca*, b. June 8, 1680; d. young. 

V. Safety', b. Sept. 6, 1682; m. Martha . 

vi. Amey», b. March 4, 1684. 

8. vii. Joseph^ b. May 12, 1687; m. his cousin, Susannah 

Grover; he is said to have also m. Ann Conover; he 
d. Sept. 22, 1765. 
viil. Jonathan", b. April 14, 1690. He was living at Chester, 
Burlington county, in 1739. 
ix. David*, b. March 8, 1692; d. young. 
X. Samuel*, b. April 8, 1696. 

Fourth Oeneration, 

4. . Richard'* Fiancis* Richard^ Borden, b. 11th of 2nd mo., 16—; m. 
Mary ; d. April 6, 1759, at Shrewsbury. Issue: 

1. Francis*, b. Aug. 5, 1717; m. Mary , Oct. 29, 1740; 

d. Sept. 11, 1782, at Mansfield. 

5. Francis* Francis^ Richard^^ Borden, b. Nov. 1, 1680; m. Mary ; 

his will was signed Feb. 3, 1753; proved April 6. 1759; d. 1759, at 
EiVesham, Burlington County. Issue (b. in Shrewsbury): 

i. Elizabeth*, b. 6th mo. 5th, 1707; m. Thomas White, 

ii. Jane*, b. 6th of 7th mo., 1708; m. Amos White. 

9. iil. Francis*, b. 24th of 12th mo., 1709-10; m. Lydia (b. 11th 

mo. 1714-15, dau. of Thomas and Patience Tucker) 

Wooley, 4th 3d mo., 1732; his will, dated March 12, 

1784, proved October 21, 1784, describes him as of 

Nottingham, Burlington county, 
iv. John*, b. 23d of 11th mo.. 1710-11; m. Elizabeth , 

1736; d. 1772. 
V. Amey*. b. 6th of 12th mo., 1714; m. Samuel Scott, 14th 

2d mo., 1736. 
vi. Mary*, b. 21st of 6th mo., 1717; m. William Bills, 22d 

3d mo., 1735. 

10. vii. Thomas*, b. 27th of 4th mo., 1719; m. Mary, dau. of 

Philip and Catharine (Webley) Edwards, 29th 5th mo., 
1742; his will, dated July 25, 1788, was proved Sept. 
6, 1788. 
vili. Jeoms*, b. 4th of 8th mo., 1722. He advertised a farm 
for sale at Evesham, Burlington county, adjoining his 
own, in March, 1766.— 2Sr. J. Archives, XXV., 55. A 
vendue of his farm stock was advertised by his ex- 
ecutors for October 28, 1771.— 76., 27: 610. 

6. Thomas* lYancis^ Richard^ Borden, b. 4th of 12th mo., 1684; d. 
Sept. 28, 1764; m. Margaret . Issue: 

11. i. Jeremiali*, b. July 1. 1711; d. 8 mo., 5th, 1754; m. Elsther 

Tilton (b. 10th of 3rd mo., 1722), dau. of Thomas and 



Faith (Lawrence) Til ton, 7th of 5 th mo., 1746; she m. 
2d, Amos White, 17th of 12th mo., 1761, and d. Aug. 
11, 1777. 
11. Joseph*, m. Hannah (? Bennett, m. 1. Jan. 25, 1757). 
12. Hi. Richard*, m. Hannah Tilton (b. 24th of 4th mo., 1726). 
June 22, 1758. His will, dated March 25, 1791, was 
proved Oct. 3, 1803. 
iv. Benjamin*, m., Dec. 29, 1757, Rebecca Tilton (b. 4th of 

5th mo., 1720). D. s. p. 
V. Samuel*. 

It will be observed that Jeremiah, Richard and Benja- 
min, three brothers, married three sisters. 

7. James* Benjamin* Richard* Borden, b. Sept. 6, 1677; m. Mary . 

In his will he names children: 

i. Richard*. 
iJ. Innocent*, m. John Bozworth, of Burlington county, 

marriage license dated July 13, 1734. 
iii. Joseph*, 
iv. Phebe*. prob. m. Benjamin Gardiner, of Burlington 

county, marriage license dated May 18, 1737. 
V. RebecRdh*. 
vi. Abigaill*. 
vii. Mary*, 
viii. Hellen*. 
ix. Ann*. 

8. Joseph' Benjamin^ Richard* Porden. born May 12, 1687; m. Sus- 
annah Grover in 1717; she d. March 11, 1744, in her 58th year. He 
d. Sept. 22, 1765. Sailing in a coasting vessel (probably his own) from 
Shrewsbury, he came to Farnsworth's Landing, Burlington county, in 
1719, and determined to locate there. On March 3, 1724, he bought from 
Samuel Fa rnsworth a tract of 105 acres of land on the Delaware, to which 
he added by subsequent purchases until he owned nearly the whole site 
of the future Bordentown. As early as 1722 he had become interested in 
the erection of a bloomary forge on Black's Creek. Burlington county. 
In 1724 his place on the Delaware was known as ''Burden's Landing," 
but by 1739 it was called "Burden's Town." whence the transition to 
"Burdentown" and "Bordentown" was easy. Joseph Borden was 
appointed one of the Quorum Justices for Burlington county in 1739. 
In 1740 he started a "Stage Wagon to carry Passengers or Goods, be- 
tween Perth-Amboy and Bordens-Town," in order to develop the lat- 
ter place and make it an important point on the route from Phila- 
delphia to New York. This stage route was kept up by him and his 
son Joseph for twenty years or more. He gave the site for the 
Friends' meeting house in 1740, and Aug. 5, 1751, conveyed to the Bap- 
tists, for a nominal consideration (£5), the site for a church and 
burying ground. He opened a store, and carried on a general mercan- 
tile trade many years; laid out streets, erected what was then con- 
sidered a splendid mansion, and in other ways manifested a most enter- 
prising spirit, and a conlldence in the future of Bordentown. "As he 
was esteemed for his public, so he also was for his private Worth, he 
being a kind Neighbour, and a sincere Friend; a tender Husband, and 
an afTectionate Parent," says the newspaper which announced his 
death.— Hi«/. Burlington and Mercer Counties, 456, 458-9; History of Iron 
fn All Ages, by J. M. Swank, 2d ed., 1892, 157; N. J. Archives, XI.. 342. 
586, note, 587; XIL, 22, note, 171; XV., 98; XXIV., 651. 

His children were: 

i. Anna*, m. the Rev. Joshua Potts, pastor of the Baptist 
church at South Hampton. Bucks county, Pa. 



13. 11. Joseph*, b. Aug. 1, 1719; m. Elizabeth Rogers; d. April 
8. 1791, in his 72d year. 

HI. Rebecca*, m. Joseph Brown, perhaps a physician near 
Bordentown, at whose inn Benjamin Franklin stopped 
In 1723 when on his journey from Boston to Philadel- 

Iv. Hannah*, m. John Lawrence, of Monmouth, marriage 
license dated April 26, 1731; m. 2d, James Seabrook. 
See affirmation of Silvanus Grover, of Middletown, a 
Quaker, in Liber D., p. 154, of records at Perth 
V. Elizabeth*, m. Thomas Douglass, of Monmouth, mar- 
riage license dated Jan. 9, 1734. 

vii. Amey*, m. Thomas Potts, who bought the iron works on 
Black's Creek. Feb. 1, 1725. 

viii. Abigail*, m. 1st, Clayton; 2d, Mlcajah How, son of 

Micajah and Martha How; he was Sheriff of Hunter- 
don county, and one of the judges of the Court of 
Common Fleas of that county. 

Fifth Qeneration. 

9. Francis* Francis* Francis* Richard* Borden, of Nottingham, Burling- 
ton county, b. 24th of 12th mo., 1709-10; m. Lydla Woolley. Issue: 

i. Joseph'* m. Rebecca Middleton, of Nottingham, in Ches- 
terfield Monthly Meeting, 15th of 2d mo., 1759. 
11. Thomas\ 

ill. Francis^, b. 1743; m. 24th of 2d mo., 1763. Elizabeth 
(b. 14th of 11th mo., 1745), dau. of Joslah and Mar- 
garet (Woolley) Parker; she d. 27th of 2d mo., 1788. 
His will, dated March 5, 1799, was proved March 13, 
1802. He lived at Allentown, Monmouth county. 
Children: 1. Margaret, b. Nov. 9, 1763; m. Samuel 

Allen; 2. Lydla, b. Jan. 7, 1765; m. Pew; 3. 

William, b. July 15, 1767; m. Lucy Harrison; 4. Jo- 
slah, b. Nov. 10, 1769; m. Mary (b. Feb. 13, 1779, dau. 
of Aaron) Robbins; d. March 2, 1826; she d. Sept. 1, 
1861; 5. Daniel, b. Nov. 17, 1771; m. Rhoda Stout; 
6. Asher, b. Aug. 7, 1773; m. Mrs. Ann Mellon; 7. 
Sarah, b. Nov. 5, 1775; m. Thomas Black; 8. Eliza- 
beth, b. Feb. 4, 1778; m. Thomas Tooley; 9. Francis, 
b. March 20, 1779; m. 1st, Mary Erwin, and 2d, Letl- 
tia Erwin; 10. Eldward, b. March 23, 1784; d. unm.; 
11. Samuel, b. April 28, 1785; m. and had children, 
John, James, Asher, Thomas; 12. (by a second wife), 
Morris Johnson Woolley, b. Aug. 20, 1794. 
iv. James^ m. Susan Robbins. He lived in Salem county. 
She was b. June 12, 1754; d. Oct. 5, 1823. Children: 
1. Patience, b. Aug. 14, 1775; m. John (son of Will- 
iams and Ann Levis) Lloyd; d. 1817; 2. Ann, b. June 
14, 1778; m. John Hance (b. Aug. 20, 1762), Dec. 15, 
1800; d. May 28, 1856; he d. Aug. 13, 1827; 3. Lydla. 

b. Jan. 14, 1781; m. Woolley; 4. Ruth, b. Aug. 

19, 1785; m. Tiler; 5. Asher, b. Sept. 19, 1790; 

6. James, b. April 10, 1794; 7. John, b. April 9, 1797. 

V. Rhoda^ m. Robbins. 

vi. Mary», m. James Lawrle, 15th of 11th mo.. 1759. 
vii. Lydla**, m. James Ford, 
viii. Hannah^ m. John Hawkins. 



10. Thomas* Francis* Francis* Richard^ Borden, b. 27th of 4th mo., 
1719; m. Mary Eidwards, 29th of 5th mo.. 1742. Issue: 

1. Amos*, m., 1st mo. 8th, 1768, Rachel WooUey, dau. of 
Rachel White (dau. of Amos White and Jane Borden) 
and Thomas Woolley. She survived her husband and 
m. 2d, James Parker. Children: 1. Mary, m. Aug. 
28, 1802, Hugh Boude; 2. Aaron; 3. Thomas; 4. 

11. Philip". 

ill. Thomas^ prob. m. Hannah Woolley, marriage license 
dated Jan. 12, 1780. He and his wife Hannah signed 
a deed April 18, 1796. 

11. Jeremiah* Thomas* Francis^ Richard^ Borden, b. July 1, 1711; m- 
Esther Tilton (b. 10th of 3rd mo., 1722), 7th of 5th mo., 1746; d. 8 mo., 
5th, 1754; she d. Aug. 11, 1777. Issue: 

ii. Rebecca", b. March 22, 1749; m., 10th mo. 14th, 1767, John 
Woolley, of Shrewsbury. Children: 1. Jeremiah; 2. 
Robert; 3. Rachel, m. Thomas Hance; 4. Esther, m. 
Ebenezer Hance. 

iii. Hestei-*, b. Oct. 9, 1754; m. 3d mo. 4th. 1770, Capt. 
Richard Lippincott (b. 1745, d. 1826). Child: Esther, 
m. George Taylor Dennison. 

iv. Jeremiah", b. Dec. 30, 1750; d. Sept. 7, 1777. 

V. Samuel", b. Nov. 10, 1752; d. Sept. 11, 1777; m. — . 

Children: 1. Elizabeth, m. Feb. 5, 1797, Joslah Par- 
ker; 2. Esther. 

12. Richard* Thomas* Francis^ Richard^ Borden and Hannah Tilton had 


1. Sarah", b. April 11, 1759; m. John De Bow. 

ii. ThDmas", b. Nov. 6, 1760; d. Sept. 17, 1848, s. p. 

iii. Rachel", b. Feb. 16, 1763; m. Thomas Cook, of Point 

Pleasant; d. March 7, 1811. 
iv. Benjamin", b. Dec. 22, 1766; m. Mary, dau. of Williams 

and Ann (Levis) Lloyd; d. March 18, 1849. 

13. Joseph* Joseph" Benjamin^ Richard^ Borden, junior, b. Aug. 1, 
1719; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel and Mary Rogers, of AUentown. 
New Jersey; died at Bordentown, April 8, 1791. She was b. July 10, 1725; 
d. Nov. 2, 1807. He was actively engaged from early manhood in his 
father's extensive business enterprises, especially the stage boat and 
stage wagon from Philadelphia to Perth Amboy, via Bordentown, until 
his advancing years caused him to retire from active life, in 1788. In 
1748 tickets for a lottery for the benefit of St. Mary's Church, Burling- 
ton, were to be had from him. He was appointed a Justice of the 
Peace in 1749, and a Judge in 1757 and again in 1767. In 1761 he was 
elected to the Assembly as one of the two members for Burlington 
county, and served until 1769, evidently occupying a conspicuous posi- 
tion among his colleagues. In 1765 the Assembly elected him as one of 
the three deputies to represent New Jersey in the Stamp Act Congress, 
at New York, and h^ and Hendrick Fisher signed the appeal of that 
Congress to the King and Parliament, urging the repeal of the Act. 
The Assembly heartily approved of their conduct. He was chosen as 
one of the members of the first Provincial Congress, which met at New 
Brunswick, July 2, 1774, to send delegates to the Continental Congress. 
In the ensuing February he was selected by his fellow citizens as one 
of the Committee of Observation for Burlington County, and later as 
a member of the Provincial Congress held at Trenton In May, Jun» 
and August, 1775. This body appointed him one of the Committee of 
Safety, which was vested with executive power during the recess of 



the Provincial Congrress. Early in 1776 he was commissioned Colonel 
of the First Regiment of Burlington County militia, but he resigned, 
Sept. 28, 1776, when he was appointed Quartermaster, for which posi- 
tion his business experience and abilities rendered him peculiarly well 
qualified. He was appointed Judge of the Common Pleas, Sept. 11, 
1776, and again Sept. 28. 1781. He was one of the promoters of the epi- 
sode made famous by Francis Hopkinson in his poem on the "Battle 
of the Kegs," when it was designed to blow up the British vessels in 
the Delaware near Bordentown by a rude sort of torpedoes made of 
kegs filled with powder, which were sent floating down the river short- 
ly before daylight on Jan. 7, 1778, and were expected to explode on 
coming in contact with the war vessels, having certain mechanical 
attachments to ensure such result. Unfortunately for the success of 
the enterprise, the vessels were hauled into their docks the night be- 
fore the kegs were set loose. The British soon after raided Borden- 
town, and Judge Borden's handsome residence was laid waste by fire. 
May 10, 1778. He was liberally educated, had a fine presence, and was 
highly influential in the community. In 1762-3 he ran a line of stage- 
boats between Bordentown and Philadelphia. It may be noted here 
that in some works it is stated that Joseph Borden m. in 1750 Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Marmaduke Watson, a widow. But the will of 
Elizabeth Borden, wid. of .Joseph Borden, dated September 15, 1798, 
proved November 5, 1807, names her dau. Ann Hopkinson and her 
three daus.: Elizabeth, "dau. of my brother Isaac Rogers, lately de- 
ceased," and grandson, Joseph Hopkinson.— Fi«*. Burlington and Mer- 
cer Counlies, 467;; N. J. Archives, XII., 442; XVI., 89; XVIT., 137, 455; 
XXIV., 89, 210, 654-5, 683; XXV., 103; N. T. Public Library Bulletin, I., 104; 
Gordon's Hist. N. J., 140; Penn. Mag. of Hist, and Biog., IX., 435. Issue: 
i. Mary**, b. July 21, 1744; m. Thomas McKean, of New- 
castle, Del., marriage license dated July 21, 1763; d. 
March 12. 1773, in her 29th year. Thomas McKean 
was one of the Delaware Signers of the Declaration 
of Independence. He was elected Governor of Penn- 
sylvania in 1799, 1802 and 1805, serving nine stormy 
years. He d. June 24, 1817, aged 83 yrs., 2 mos. and 
25 days, 
ii. Ann», b. Jan. 24, 1745-6; d. June 9, 1746. 
ill. Ann« ("Nancy"), b. May 9, 1747; married Francis Hop- 
kinson (afterwards one of the Signers of the Declara- 
tion of Independence), Sept. 1, 1768. For the an- 
nouncement of the marriage, in the flowery language 
of the day, see 'S. J. Archives, X., 427, note and 
hereinafter, in the sketch of Francis Hopkinson. 
iv. Amey«, b. Oct. 30, 1749; bap. In Christ church, Shrews- 
bury, April 8, 1750, "at the age of 5 months," says the 
record; d. Aug. 31. 1751. 
V. Letitia", b. July 29, 1751; d. June 30, 1753. 
vi. Joseph", born June 23, 1755. He was an ardent patriot 
during the Revolution, being Cg,ptaln of a troop of 
light-horse, which he raised in Burlington county. He 
was wounded at the battle of Grermantown, In 1777. 
but although his injury inconvenienced him the rest 
of his life, he repeatedly volunteered for active ser- 
vice when he felt he could be of use to the cause. He 
was a United States loan officer, and was appointed 
one of the commissioners to sell lands confiscated to 
ihe State for treason. He married, Nov. 26. 1778. 



Mary, daughter of Lianghorne Biles, of Bucks county, 
Pa. He died Oct. 16, 1788. leaving one child, Elizabeth 
Borden, who married Azariah Hunt, of Hopewell, N. J. 
Mr. Borden was appointed by the Legislature a Con- 
tinental Loan Officer for New Jersey, Feb. Y, 1777; 
and a Judge and Justice of the Peace for Burlington 
county. Sept. 28, 1781. 
Many of the dates given above are from a Borden Family Record, 
entered in a Concordance of the Holy Scriptures, the property (1901) 
of Benjamin Borden, and printed in 1706. For these dates the writer 
is indebted to John P. Hutchinson, Esq., of Bordentown. The Rev. 
William A\Tilte Hance, of PalenviUe, N. T., has also revised and cor- 
rected the proofs of the above sketch of the Borden family, and has 
furnished many data. 


In an advertisement of "Newark races," to be run October 29, 1771. 
It was announced that the horses were "to be shewn and entered the 
day before running, with William Bott," from which It may be In- 
ferred that he then kept a public house at or near Newark. — N. J. Ar- 
hives, 27: 628. William Livingston wrote from Ellzabethtown to the 
Provincial Congress, July 8, 1776: "If you have not appointed an 
Adjutant General 1 should beg leave to recommend to the choice of the 
Congress Mr. William Bott of Springrfl^ld as a Person who would exe- 
cute that office as well as anyone I can think of, he has been in the 
Navy understands the Business and is extremely active & punctual." 
The Congress replied July 12, 1776: "You have enclosed a commission 
for Mr. Bott as Adjutant General." — Originals, lA 'Nelson M88. He 
continued in office until June 4, 1793, when he resigned. — Records, Ad- 
jutant QeneraVs Office. No will of William Bott has been found on 
record In New .Jersey, nor any letters of administration upon his 
estate. It is not unlikely that he removed from the State about the 
time of his resignation, perhaps with the settlers then flocking to the 
"Genessee countri^" In Central New York, or to Ohio. 


Ellas Boudlnot, a prominent merchant at Princeton, born Aug. 3, 
1706, died July 4, 1770. He married, In Antigua, Catherine Williams, 
daughter of a Welsh planter. The house occupied by him in 1756 was 
advertised at the time to be sold by the Rev. Aaron Burr. He was Post- 
master at Princeton In 1757. He removed from Princeton in 1760, or 
later, to Ellzabethtown, where he and his wife are both burled. Of his 
sisters, Mary Boudlnot married John Chetwood, of Ellzabethtown, 
afterwards a Justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey; Jane Boudl- 
not married the Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler; Suzanne married 
Pierre Vergereau, of New York, one of whose daughteis, Suzanne, born 
Dec. 21, 1743, married the Rev. William Tennent, Jr., of Charleston, S. C. 
Elias Boudlnot was the father of Ellas, member of Congress, etc.; of 
Blisha, Justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey, and of other well- 
known children. 


William Bradford, a grandson of William Bradford, the celebrated 
printer of Philadelphia, and son of Colonel William Bradford of the 
Revolutionary Army, was born in Philadelphia, September 14, 1755. He 

49 iv 


tjraduated at Princeton in 1772, and remained a year, studying 
theology with Dr. Witherspoon. On returning to his home, he read 
law in thje office of Kdward Shippen; but the Revolution commencing, 
he joined the army, and rose to the rank of Colonel, which he was 
compelled to resign in April, 1779, on account of ill health. Returning 
to the study of law, he was admitted to the Bar in the same year, 
and settled in Yorktown, Pennsylvania, His marked ability soon at- 
tracted attention, and in 1780, when but twenty- three years of age, he 
was appoirted Attorney -General of the State. He held this position 
for eleven years, when, on the 22d of Augrust, 1791, he was elevated to 
the Supreme Bench of Pennsylvania. This office he filled until 1794, 
when he was appointed by Washington Attorney-General of the 
United States, in which office he remained until his death, which oc- 
curred August 23, 1795. at Rose Hill, near Philadelphia. Judge Brad- 
ford married in 1782 Susanne Vergereau, daughter of Elias Boudinot; 
she was b. Dec. 21, 1764; d. Nov. 30, 1854. Both are buried in SI. 
Mary's churchyard, Burlington. 


Francis Braisier was probably a merchant at the Upper Landing 
on the Raritan, near New Brunswick. He was a vestryman of St. 
Peter's Church, Perth Amboy, in llAi-l.— Whitehead' 8 Perth Amhoy, 239. 
He was authorized to receive subscriptions for Nevill's Laws, Vol. I., 
in 1750, and was one of the distributors of the volume when printed, 
in 1152.— N. J. Archivet, XII., 589; XIX.. 10, 28. In 1759 he was one of the 
managers of a lottery for the benefit of Christ Church, New Bruns- 
wick. He married Elizabeth Beekman (born Aug. 30, 1725), daughter 
of Marten Beekman and Elizabeth Waldron. She survived him, dying 
Nov. 9, 1810, and was buried in Christ Church yard, New Brunswick. 
The will of Francis Brasier, of Somerset county, dated June 15, 1781, 
was proved May 10, 1784, at New Brunswick. He devises to wife 
Elizabeth "my farm where I now live called New Aperfield." He 
names sisters- -Mary Brasier, Sarah Hay and Frances Legrange; 
nephew Mead Brasier; niece Mary Hay; friend Henry Beekman; 
Francis Brasier Beekman son of Henry Beekman. Executors — wife 
Elizabeth, Rev. Abraham Beach, Samuel Beekman. Witnesses— Henry 
Beekman, William Vanduyn, John Bice.—N. J. Wills, Liber No. 26. p. 


Cornells Breyant appears to have been of Bergen before 1680, and 
in 1687, of Hackensack, or within the parish of the Hackensack Dutch 
church. Children: 

i. Pieter, m. Hendriktie Arents. Child: Lysbeth, bap. in 

the Hackensack church, 1686. 
ii. Antie, m. Nicasius Kip; received into the Hackensack 
church upon confession of faith, Sept. 22, 1694, with 
her husband. She m. 2d, Oct. 10, 1715, Isaack Van 
Gijsse, widr. of Hillegond Kuyper, both being resi- 
dents of the parish of Hackensack. Children (all by 
her first husband): 1. Isack, bap. 1697; 2. Cornells, 
bap. Jan. 1, 1700: 3. Jacob, bap. Dec. 14. 1702; 4. 
Annatie, bap. Tan. 3, 1706; 5. Catrina, bap. Sept. 12, 
1708; 6. Elizabeth, bap. March 11, 1711. 
111. Geertruy; received into the Hackensack church on 



confession of faith, Sept. 22, 1694; Geertruyt Brey- 
handt, y. d. ra. Oct. 26, 1695, in the Hackensack 
church, Roelof Bongraert, y. m., he from Vlacke 
Bosch (Flatbush). and she from Bergen. He m. 2d, 
Elisabeth Bertholf, wid. of Jan Terhune, Aug. 23. 
1718, in the Hacl<^^ensa?k church. Children: 1. Hen- 
drickie, bap. Sept. 21). 1700; 2. Marretie, bap. same 
day; 3. Jan. bap. January 21, 1705. 
2. iv. Cornells. 

V. Elisabet Breyandt, y. d., b. Ackinsack, m. April 12, 
1707, at Hackensack, Egbert Ackerman, y. m., b. at 
Bergen in East N. Jersey; both were living in the 
Hackensack church parish at the time of their mar- 
riage. Children: 1. Louwerens, bap. January 18, 
1708; 2. Petrus, bap. Dec. 7, 1709; 3. Geertle, bap. 
Feb. 15. 1712; 4. Geertie, bap. May 2, 1714; 5. 
Louwerens, bap. Aug. 15, 1716; 6. Hendriktie, bap. 
Sept. 29, 1717; 7. Annatie, bap. Aug. 14, 1720; 8. 
Louwerens, bap. March 3. 1723; 9. Cornells, bap. 
April 17, 1726; 10. Cornelia, bap. April 4, 1731. 
2. Cornells Cornells Breyandt was received into the Hackensack 
church upon confession of faith. July 3 0, 1698; Cornelis Breyhandt, y. 
m., m. in the same church, Dec. 7, 1700, Margrita Simese Van 
Winckel, wid. of Marte Winne; both were b. at Bergen. (Maerten 
Winne. m. b. at Albany, m. Margrita Simese Van Winckel, y. d. b. at 
Asemes, Oct. 30, 1697, in the Hackensack church. Peter Winne, com- 
missary or magistrate of Bethlehem, Albany county, N. Y., b. at 
Ghent, Flanders, made a will July 6, 1684, in which he names wife 
Jannetie Adams, b. in the city of Leuwaerden, Friesland, and son 
Marten, one of thirteen children. — Albany County Wills, Liber I., f. 44.) 
Cornelis Breyandt was a witness at the baptism in the Hackensack 
church, Jan. 23, 1715, which is the last mention of him in the Hack- 
ensack records. He appears to have removed about this time to the 
neighborhood of Elizabethtown, where he made his will, in which he 
is described as yeoman, Oct. 2, 1720, proved Dec. 19, 1720. He gives 
to wife Margarett "that part of my new dwelling place in Springfield 
lying on the south side of the road," for life, with remainder to his 
two youngest sons, Simon and Andrls; to son Johannis, his riding 
horse, etc.; to dau. Hannah, negro Harry when he is 21; to son-in- 
law (stepson) Peter Winne, son of my wife Margarett, and son 
Johannis, "my land in Springfield on the north side of the road and 
all buildings theraon." Executors — wife and John Kewman (Coey- 
man), of Newark, and .John Blanchard, junior, of Elizabeth Town. 
Witnesses — John Blanchard, Cornelis Vanderoif, Peter Rutan. — lAher 
A of Wills, f. 196. Margaret, wid. of Cornelis Bryant, of Elizabeth 
Town, county, made her will Nov. 8, 1729, and it was proved a 
few weeks later, or January 13, 1729-30. She gives to son Peter 
Wenem 20 shillings: to her three sons Johannis Simeon and Ansri 
Bryant, "all those two tracts of land bought of John Blanchard, 
junior," to be equally divided between them; to dau. Hannah, wife of 
Cornelius Westerveld, 5 shillings; to granddau. Elizabeth Carl. dau. 
of Jonah Carle and my dear dau. Hendriekie, £20 when 18 or married; 
to dau. Rachel Bryant, £40 when 18 or married. Executors — Johan- 
nis Kewman, of NewarK, and Egbert Ackerman, of Bergen county 
Witnesses — Benjamon Bonnel, Henery Demoney, Rachel Kewman.— 
Liber B of Wills, f. 148. Issue: 




i. Annetle. bap. June 28, 1702; m. Cornelis Westervelt, y. 
m., Sept. 14, 1723, in the Hackensack church: both 
are said in the record to have been b. at Ackinsack, 
where Westervelt was living, while she is described 
as living at New Britain, a reffion lying west ot 
Elizjabethtown. Child:— Cornelis, bap. Sept. 27. 1724. 
and perhaps others. 

ii. Johannis, bap. Aug. 27, 1704. 

iii. Hendriktie, bap. April 24, 1709; m. John Carl (?Earl). 

iv. Simeon, bap. April 22, 1711. 
V. Andries bap. .Tanaary 3, 1714. 

vi. Rachel, (Or was this a granddaughter?) 


John Broughton lived in the town of Raritan, Somerset county, about 
twelve miles from New Brunswick. He was manager of the New 
Brunswick lottery in 1748. He advertised in 1752 and again in 1758 for a 
sdhoolm-aster for his neigOiborhood.— 2V. J. Archives, XII., 472, 518; XIX.. 
344, 524. John Broughton, of Raritan, Somerset county, merchant, 
conveyed to Jonathan Ru;nyan, of Cranberry, Middlesex county, mason, 
by deed dated Nov. 16, 1761, for the consideration of 800 (pounds), a 
tract of forty-one acres on the north side of Raritan river, being the 
west half of one-fifth of one-fourth of a certain lot which formerly 
belonged to James Graham, bounded on the upper side by land late of 
Andries Coleman and on the lower side by lot now or late of Cornelius 
Middah.— 2V^. J. Deedn, I 2, p. 435. 


The Rev. Isaac Brown was a descendant of John Brown, one of the 
first settlers of Newark in 1666. He graduated at Yale College in 1729, 
and in 1733 was appointed rector of the Episcopal Church at Setauket, 
town of Brookhaven, L. I., where he remained for fourteen years, ac- 
quiring the reputation of being "a man of talents and education." In 
1747 he became rector of Trinity Church, Newark. He practiced med- 
icine in Newark, and when he sent his bills to members of his congre- 
gation for medical advice, some of them thought it should have been 
included in his spiritual ministrations, and there was some friction in 
consequence. At the beginning of the Revolution he was an outspoken 
Loyalist, and in consequence of his zeal was confined in the Morris 
County jail early in 1777, only to be released in order that he and his 
family might be sent to the enemy in New York. In 1784 he went to 
Annapolis, Nova Scotia, where he diea in 1787. Mr. Brown had a daugh- 
ter who married Isaac Ogden, a prominent Newark lawyer, a Loyalist 
In the Revolution; she died March 15, 1772. aged 26 years. 


^Nothing has been found throwing light on the ancestry or place of 
origin of Capt. William Bryant. The fact that two of his children were 
named Joshua and Ebenezer suggests the possibility that he was akin 
to the Bryants of Huntington, Suffolk county, Long Island, where Bry- 
ants of those names were to be found. Family tradition says he had 
a brother in London, from which an English nativity might be inferred. 
He was b. in 1688 or 1689, but the earliest mention that has been found 
of him in the records is on April 4, 1729, when he witnessed the will 



of Ann Johnston, of New York, widow. Eleven days later — April 15, 
1729 — ^he was enrolled as a freeman of New York. On Nov. 30, 1739, 
Lieut. Gov. Colden, of New York, wrote that Capt. Bryant was soon 
to sail for Bngrland with old gruns, etc.; he was "commander of a con- 
stant trading: vessel to London," at that time. He seems to have been 
held in high esteem in New York ^nd London, for we find him repeat- 
edly appointed administrator, in London, on the estates of deceased 
sailors, as attorney for their "relicts" residing: In New York, between 
1743 and 1749. "Capt. William Bryant, mariner, of New York," was 
named as one of the executors of the will of Edith Feavor, of New 
York, spinster, April 29, 1747. William Bryant was appointed, June 30, 
1749, administrator upon the estate of his son, John Bryant, deceased, 
but It is not clear that this was the Captain. So, too. It may have been 
another William Bryant, and not the Captain, who was appointed ad- 
ministrator on the estate of his brother, Dennis Bryant, of New York, 
Aug:. 30, 1753. Bishop Spang:enburg:, the famous Moravian missionary, 
came to America from London with Capt. Bryant, in 1751. In Novem- 
ber, 1752, John Penn, grandson of William Penn, came from London to 
New York in the ship Joseph, commanded by Capt. Bryant. A ship- 
ment of arms was dispatched from New York for London, by the same 
vessel, William Bryant, master, in March, 1754. Part of the time he 
was a merchant as well as a mariner. — Early Long Island Wills, 215; 
N. Y. Hist. Soc. Coll., 1885, 215; /&., 1895. 5, 223, 265, 485; Ih., 1896, 229, 431; 
N. Y. Oen. and Biog. Rec., 10:97; 34:289, 290; 35:122; 36:25; N. Y. 
Vol. Docs., 6: 151, 158; N. J. Archives, 19: 201, 202. 206; N. Y. Hist. MB8., 
2: 614; Pa. Mag., 21: 338; 22: 78. Just when Captain Bryant took up 
his residence at Perth Amboy has not been ascertained, but he was 
living: there early in 1761, when George WlUocks Leslie, of Reading 
Town, Somerset county, gentleman, and his wife, Mary, executed a 
deed to William Bryant, of Perth Amboy, Middlesex county, merchant, 
on April 2, 1761, which deed, for the consideration of £300, conveyed 
"all that certain dwelling hotise and lott of land Scituate, in the City 
of Perth Amboy. Beginning at the southwest corner of land lately 
conveyed by said Leslie to John Wattaon, said corner is two chains 
and thirty-seven links from Market Street, and on the east side of 
Water Street, thence along Water Street south twenty -six degrees and 
fifteen minutes west two chains and sixty- three links: thence at right 
Angles with said Water Street to Low Water Mark; thence along Low 
Water Mark to the southeast corner of John Watson's said Lot; thence 
along Wattson's line to the Beginning. Bounded on the east by the 
Sound; on the north by the said Watson's Lott; and on the west by 
Water Street; it being two chains and sixty- three links in front along 
Water Street; and in length (both sides at Right Angles with Water 
Street) to low water Mark, together with all fences," etc. This deed 
was witnessed by P. Kearny, Ravaud Kearny and Alexander Wattson. 
— N. J. Deeds, P. p. 439. 1-Ie and his wife Eleanor conveyed this prop- 
erty by the same description, to Alexander Watson, of Perth Amboy. 
gent., by deed dated May 30, 1768. In this deed Bryant is described 
as "of Westfleld, Essex county, gent." Witnesses — Sophia Water- 
house, Jona. Deare. — E. J. Deeds, Liber E^, f, 218. It was probably 
with a view to removing to Elizabethtown that he advertised in The 
New York Journal of August 20, 1767, the sale at public vendue, ai 
Perth Amboy, on September 3 following, of "A Convenient Brick 
House, with 8 Flre-Flaces, very pleasantly situated on the Bank, 
(with a good Water Lot) a Stable and Barn, and a large Garden, 
which contains a Variety of the best Fruits: Likewise sundry house- 
hold Furniture," etc.— iV^. J. Archives, 25: 435. This advertisement 
gives a very good Idea of the comfortable sort of residence the 



old Captain must have enjoyed In Perth Amboy. He was prob- 
ably residingr with his daughter. Mrs. William Peartree Smith, 
when he made his will, October 21, 1769, in which he is described 
sa "William Bryant, of the Borough of Elizabeth, Essex county, 
mariner," and as being "weak." This will was proved July 9, 1772, 
and letters testamentary were granted thereon July 29, 1772. In 
this instrument he gives to his wife EHeanor, after the payment of his 
debts, all the rest of his estate for her life, the same to be at her dis- 
posal; if she should die intestate, then the same to go to his daughter, 
Bilizabeth Woodruff, to whom he also gives 20s.; to each of his five 
other surviving children he gives 5s. Executrix — wife EUeanor. Wit- 
nesses — Nathaniel Baker, John Scudder, Jr., David Baker. — N. J. Wills, 
LJber K. 406. Although he was living at ESizabeth in 1769, he was 
buried in St. Peter's churchyard, Perth Amboy, where the inscription 
on his tombstone relates about all that we know of his career: "Sacred 
to the Memory of William Brj^ant. who, in 55 Voyages, in the Merchant 
Service, between the Ports of New York and London, approved himself 
a faithful and fortunate Commander. Of Integrity and Benevolence to 
Man he lived a Singular Eljcample. Of Piety and Resignation to God 
he died an Amiable Pattern 14 July, A. C. 1772, aetatis 83." The upper 
part of the headstone was broken off by a cannon ball from a British 
armed vessel, during the Revolution. Below the Inscription is this 
somewhat abbreviated Latin sentence, showing that the stone was 
doubtless erected by Dr. William Bryant, the Captain's son: "Sax. 
inomat. pat. sui. dignum. memorise, sacrum, fll. amor, posuit." His 
widow d. in February, 1776, at Perth Amboy, and probably was buried 
beside her husband. — Whitehead's Perth Amboy, 145; Alden's Epitaphs, 
1044. Issue (bap. in the First Presbyterian church, New York): 

2. 1. Mary, bap. October 14, 1722. 

ii. Martha, b. January 24 and bap. January 31, 1725-6; m. the 
Rev. Lorens Thorstansen Nyberg, a Lutheran clerg^y- 
man. who came from Sweden to take charge of the 
Swedish Lutheran church at Lancaster, Pa., in 1744. 
About a year later he joined the Moravians. His con- 
duct seems to have caused much comment and dis- 
turbance, and a few years later he went to England. 
He is said to have been "historiographer to the King 
of Sweden; she d. a widow, at Fulneck, a Moravian 
establishment near Leeds, England. Their portraits 
are in this country." — N. Y. Oen. and Biog. Record, 10: 
96. Martha Nyberg, of Fulneck, Parish of Calverly, 
Y'orkshire, Great Britain, widow, "before my mar- 
riage called Martha Bryant, one of the four sisters of 
William Bryant, late of the City of New York in 
North America, deceased, and a devisee in his last 
will and testament," executed June 24, 1799, a power 
of attorney to William Peartree Smith, of Newark, 
^' ' ■ '^ ' ' N. J. (her nephe^), empowering him to sell one un- 

divided fourth part of land in Trenton and elsewhere 
In North America, relating to the estate of said 
William Bryant, deceased. — N. J. Deeds, AT, f. 519. 

III. Rebecca, b. Feb. 18 and bap. Feb. 26, 1728-9; m. C^pt. Le 
Chevalier Dean, who, in 1750, lived in Wall street. New 
York, but subsequently settled in Charleston, S. C. — 
N. 7. OeiK and Biog. Record, 10: 96. Children: 1. A. son; 
2. Mary; 3. William 



3. Iv. William, b. Jan. 3 and bap. Jan. 11. 1730-31. 

4. V. Joshua, b. Feb. 7 and baD. Feb. 15. 1732. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 4 and bap. Sept. 10, 1734; m. (as his 
2d wife) the Rev. Benjamin Woodruff, pastor of the Pres- 
byterian church at Westfleld, in the spring of 1763; he 
d. April 3, 1803, aged 70 yrs.; she d. in N. Y., March 17, 
1805. Children: 1. William Bryant, bap. Marfch 21, 1764; 
2. Elizabeth, bap. July 17, 1766; 2. Bryant, bap. Nov. 4, 
1767; 4. Charlotte Bryant, bap. Sept. 3, 1769; 5. Wil- 
liam, bap. Sept. 15, mi.— Hatfield' a Hist. Elizabeth, 583. 
vii. Ebenezer, b. July 15 and bap. July 23, 1736; admitted to 
the N. J. Bar, March 25, 1758; d. 1761. He not un- 
likely studied law with his brother-in-law, William 
Peartree Smith, who was executor of his estate. He 
died before he was twenty-flve. The will of Ebenezer 
Bryant, of Elizabethtown, attorney at law, being 
"sick and weak" at the time, dated July 10, 1760, was 
proved Feb. 5, 1761. He gives to wife Elizabeth the 
money arising from some sales, etc.; to Trustees of 
the Presbyterian church of Elizabethtown, £50 for 
the use of Church; to the College of New Jersey, 
£50 for the purchase of apparatus for exiperimants in 
philosophy — or physics, as we would say today; to 
brother Joshua, "a debt of £30 he owes me is to be 
canceled." E}xecutor— *'my brother in law William 
Peartree Smith." Witnesses— Andrew Whitehead, 
William Bryant, Elizabeth Bryant.— AT. J. Wills, L,lber 
G, f. 450. And see N. J. Archives, 20: 571, for adver- 
tisement by the executor. 

2. Mary« (William^) Bryant, bap. October 14, 1722; she went to Eng- 
land with her father, when quite young, and enjoyed the friendship 
and counsels of the famous Rev. Isaac Watts. She m. William Pear- 
tree Smith, May 12. 1745. He was then of New York, the "heir to an 
ample fortune, and devoted himself to no particular calling," though 
he stjdJed law with an eminent attorney. He was a trustee of the 
College of New Jersey, 1746-1793. He was associated with William 
Livingston in the patriotic movements of his time. Removing to Eliz- 
abethtown, he was appointed Mayor of that borough. He took an 
active part in the Revolution, serving on the Committee of Safety. 
He d. at Newark, Nov. 20, ISOl. aet. 78; his wid. d. there Aug. 16, 1811. 
in her 92d year, says her tombstone. Issue: 

I. Eliza, b. July 17. 1746; d. Sept. 10, 1747. 
ii. Ebenezer, b. Feb. 20. 1747; d. July 12, 1750. 
lil. William Peartree, b. Feb. 20, 1748; d. Aug. 14. 1748. 
• iv. Catharine, b. Dec. 16, 1749; m. Oct. 14, 1778, Elisha Boudi- 
not, of Newark; d. Aug. 30, 1797. 
V. Mary, b. June 26, 1751; d. Aug. 18, 1751. 
vi. William Peartree, b. July 25, 1752; d. Aug. 12, 1752. 
vii. William Peartree. b. Sept. 23. 1755; d. July 17, 1756. 
viil. Belcher Peartree, b. Oct. 25, 1756; graduated at Princeton 
College, 1773; was taken prisoner at his father's house, 
at Elizabethtown. by the British, Jan. 25. 1780; d. May 
10, 1787. 
Ix. Ann Frances, b. May 10, 1758; d. March 10, 1759. 
X. William Pitt. b. June 7, 1760; professor of Materia Medica 
In Columbia College, in 1792; m. Mary Holliday. June, 
1781; d. Jan. — , 1796; she d. Nov. 26. 1S05.—N. 7. Oen. 



and Biog. Record. 9: 32. In the Centinel of Freedom, New- 
ark, October 11. 1814, Is this announcement: "In the 
late gale on Lake Ontario, Mr. William P. Smith, for- 
merly of this town, master's mate of the Schooner 'Con- 
quest,' was instantly precipitated to a watery grave, in 
the 24th year of his age." Was this a son of the above 
named Prof. William Pitt Smith? 
3. William, b. January 3, 1730-31. After his father's death he min- 
istered to his mo,ther's wants until her death. Studying medicine, he 
settled in New York, where he practised a few years, or until 1769, 
when he purchased a residence in Trenton, whither he doubtless re- 
moved about that time. By deed dated Oct. 28, 1769, Robert Lettis 
Hooper, of Kingsbury, Nottingham township, Burlington county, Esqr., 
conveyed to William Bryant, jiinr., of the city of New York, Doctor 
of Physick, for the consideration of £2,800, a plantation in Kingsbury: 
Beginning at a white oak tree on the south side of Assunpink creek, 
and from thence running south, twenty-flve degrees thirty minutes 
east twenty-nine chains and twenty-eight links to Dr. Cadwallader's 
corner in the line of said Robert Lettis Hooper's land, called the Ferry 
tract or Ruth Beaks's: thence along the same south seventy-flve de- 
grees west forty-eight chains and flfty-flve links to the centre or 
middle of Broad street; thence along the same north thirty-four de- 
grees ond thirty minutes west two chains and sixty-eight links to the 
centre of the street that leads to the ferry: thence along the same 
south forty-nine Jegrees and fifty minutes west nine chains and 
eighty-one links to a stake m the centre of said street; thence north 
twenty-one degrees and fifteen minutes west two chains and fifty- 
eight links to a post; thnce .south seventy-four degrees west thirteen 
chains and sixty-nine links, etc., etc.— iV. J. Deeds, Liber AE, f. 291. 
By deed dated Feb. 5, 1771, Pldlip Kearny, of Perth Amboy, at- 
torney at law, quitclaimed to William Bryant, junior, all his right, 
title, claim, etc., to the lands and premises just described. Wit- 
nesses—Anthony White, Fras. Kearney,— 2V. J. Deeds, Liber AE, f. 
295. (Dr. Bryant subsequently- -Oct. 28, 1778— conveyed said prem- 
ises to John Cox, of Burlington county, Esqr., his wife Mary joining 
in the deed.— iST. J. Deeds, Liber AN, f. 457.) Samuel Tucker, of Hun- 
terdon county, and Elizabeth his wife, conveyed to William Bryant, 
of Kingsbury, esquire. May 4, 1773, for the consideration of £219, Ish. 
3d., a tract of 1754 acres in Nottingham township, "beginning at a 
black oak corner of land surveyed to Thomas Lambert in a line of 
lands of John Watson." adjoining Abraham Lobb's land, etc.— A\ J. 
Deeds, Liber AF, f. 6. In Trenton he speedily acquired a reputation as 
a successful physician. He appears to have been recognized as a man 
of scholarly tastes, being elected a member of the American Philoapph- 
Ical Society, January 21, 1774; and read a paper before that society, 
an "Account of an Electrical Eel or Torpedo from Surinam," which is 
published in the Transactions of the Society, Vol. II. 166 (Old Series). 
In September, 1778, he presented Peter du Simitiere with copies of the 
almanacs compiled by Daniel Leeds, and printed at New York by Will- 
iam Bradford, for the years 1694, 1695, 1696, 1697, 1698 and part of 1700. 
—Memorial Hist, of N. Y., L. 592. What would not a modern collector be 
willing to give for those priceless bits of seventeenth century printing, 
now carefully preserved by the Library Company of Philadelphia! His 
residence was at Kingsbury — a suburb of Trenton, south of the Assun- 
pink creek — and at the time of the battle of Trenton he was tempo- 
rarily occupying a house on the Bloom sbury Farm, on the present 
South Broad street, south of that creek. On Dec. 23, 1776, he Informed 



Col. Rail, commander of the Hessian regiment, that "he had just heard 
from a neprro who had crossed the river (Delaware) that the rebels 
had drawn rations for several days, and were about to attack Trenton," 
but Rail regrarded the Information as "old women's talk."— Sfri/fcr'« 
Battles of Trenton and Princeton, 91, 110. Notwithstanding this apparent 
friendliness with the Hessian commander, Dr. Bryant continued to 
reside in Trenton, undisturbed by his neighbors, and from time to 
time rendered medical service to the American soldiers. Either on 
account of III health, or because he wished to be relieved from the 
excessive burdens of his practice and enjoy a life of more leisure, he 
took Dr. Nicholas Belleville (b. in Metz, France, 1753) into partnership 
before he had himself rounded out half a century. On Oct. 7, 1780. the 
Legislature appropriated £4 Is. .3d. to Drs. Bryant and Belleville, "for 
medical attendance on Enoch Anderson, taken sick in the service, June, 
ll&O.'—Asaemhly Minutes. In a deed dated Oct. 24, 1780, from Dr. Wil- 
liam Bryant, of Trenton, Hunterdon county, to Rachel Stille, of the 
same place, it is recited that William Plaskett, of Trenton, deceased, 
was seized of several houses and lots of land in and about Trenton, 
and by his will, dated May 14, 1748, bequeathed to his son, William 
Plaskett, a certain house and lot in Trenton; said William Plaskett 
and wife Elizabeth conveyed the same, July 9, 1779, to Joseph Clunn, 
who on April 4. 17^0. conveyed the same to William Bryant, and he, 
for £200, conveys it to Rachel Stille; said "house and lot are situated 
on the east side of Kings street in Trenton, beginning at the corner of 
the (St. Michael's) church lot, thence along said street northwest to a 
stone for a corner thirteen feet south from the corner of a brick build- 
ing belonging to John Flasket; thence square off from the street east- 
ward to the line of land late Enoch Anderson's; thence along said 
Anderson's line soiithward to the church lot aforesaid; thence along 
the church lot to the street and place of beginning, being one- eighth 
of an acre more or less. Witnesses — Isaac De Cow, Elizabeth Hooten. 
Instead of .ioining In the deed, Mary Bryant, his wife, executed a 
separate release, Feb. 8, 1781, "of all my Right and Title of Dower of 
and in a certain house and lot near the Church sold by my hus- 
band William Bryant to Rachel Stille." Witnesses — Elizabeth Hooten, 
Mary Hooten, Isaac De Cow.— 2^. J. Deeds, Liber AT, f. 198. This 
separate Instrument, executed more than three months after the deed 
of her husband, hints at a domestic disagreement, if not a separation. 
Three days after the date of the above deed, or on Oct. 27, 1780, Wil- 
liam Bryant, Esqr., of Trenton, practitioner of Physick, bought another 
tract of land in Trenton, from James Cummins, of Trenton, yeoman, 
and Margaret his wife, for the consideration of £336 in gold and 
silver, at the rate of 35 shillings to an English guinea, and 7sh. 6d. the 
Spanish dollar. The deed recites that Ralph Hunt, of Hopewell, and 
Elizabeth his wife, executors of the will of Mary Snow, for £100 sold 
a tract of one-eighth of an acre by deed dated Nov. 8, 1749, to James 
Cummins, of Trenton, peruke maker; said James Cumins by his will 
dated Feb. 27, 1769, bequeathed all his estate to his wife Jane for life, 
with remainder t(5 be equally divided among James, William, Samuel 
and Joseph Cumins, sons of William Cumins, of Nottingham, Chester 
county. Pa.; It further recites that Jane Cumins, wife of testator, is 
deceased; also William, Samuel and Joseph, sons of William Cumins, 
without issue, whereby James Cumins became vested in the tract in 
question, which begins: at the corner of David Pinkerton's lot (lat*-: 
Joseph Paxton's), on the east side of King street, and from thence 
runs along the east side of said street north and by east two rods to 



George Ely's land (formerly the widow Pidgeons) and thence runs 
along said Ely's land east by soulh ten rods, and from thence south 
two rods to said Plnkerton's corner, and thence along said Pinkerton's 
line west and by north ten rods to the place of beginning, containing 
one-eighth of an acre. — N. J. Deeds, Liber AL, f. 336. Being still of 
Trenton he purchased of Lambert Cadwalader, of that place, for £70, 
a tract of five acres in Trenton: beginning at a corner of Abraham 
Hunt's lot. on the north side of a two-rod road and running from 
thence along said Hunt and in a line with his noeadow fence north- 
west thirty- two degrees seven chains and eighty-seven links to 
Maidenhead road; then along same southwest flfty-two degrees seveij 
chains fourteen links to a post on the south side of Maidenhead roaa, 
thence from said road in a line with the fence on the west of the Rev. 
Mr. Spencer's meadow southeast thirty-two degrees seven chains and 
twenty links to the above mentioned two-rod road; and thence to the 
place of beginning, containing five acres one quarter and four perch, 
strict measure. — N. J. Deeds, Liber AL, f. 342. His final purchase of 
land, as far as the records show, was by deed dated Dec. 17, 1783, from 
John Dixon, of Trenton, and Mary his wife, to Dr. William Bryant, of 
txie same place, for the consideration of £1,100, for a certain house 
and lot in Trenton on the east side of Kingr's street: beginning at a 
corner of a lot of land late Benjamin Robeson's now Dr. Bryant's, on 
the east side of King street, and thence runs along said Robeson's 
line east and by south 365 ft. to William Morris's line, now Benjamin 
Smith's; thence along said Morris's line south 60 ft. to the corner of 
land which said Morris bought of Joseph Green to lay out an alley 
from one street to another; thence along the line of said land west and 
north to King street; and from thence along said street north and east 
60 feet to the beginning, containing one quarter of an acre. — N. J. 
Deeds, Liber AN, f. 4. Dr. Bryant's will, without date, was proved 
June 2, 1786. In it he describes himself as of Trenton, "practitioner of 
Physic." He gives to his wife Mary the house where he lives and 
£900 of a bond for £1650 owing by the Hon. John Cox, Esqr., and 
other property, including "all my negro slaves except the boy William 
and the girl Peggy upon the express condition that none of them shall 
be sent off or sold In the West Indies contrary to their own will and 
consent;" to natural son, William Bryant, by Charity Murrow. £600, 
when 21, etc.; to sister, Rebecca Deane, £150, and the interest on 
£600 to be invested for her, during her life; to nephew Belcher P. 
Smith, "my gold watch and cases," etc.; to nephew William Pitt 
Smith, £100; his books to the foregoing two nephews; to William 
B. Duffield, eldest son of Dr. Samuel Duffleld, of Philadelphia, £60; to 
nephew William Deane, second son of sister Rebecca Deane, £100 and 
one-half the value "of my house at my wife's death;" to Mary Deane, 
dau. of sister Rebecca Deane, £50 and half the £600 left to her mother, 
at the latter's death. He also gives to the children of Samuel and Mary 
Duffield, of Philadelphia; of Benjamin and Elizabeth Woodruff, of 
Westfield, N. J.; of Elisha and Catharine Boudinot, "now of Hanover;" 
and of William Pitt Smith, "now of Albany," the property left to his 
natural son, in case of his death. Executors — "my friend and brother- 
in-law," William P. Smith, and nephew Belcher P. Smith. Witnesses 
—John Singer, William Plasket, John Dixon.— A^ J. Wills, Lib. 28, p. 232. 
4. Joshua Bryant, b. February 7, 1732-3. was also a physician. He 
seems to have practiced in the West Indies, possibly having settled 
there on account of his health, and apparently had his residence In 
the Caronago, near the town of St. Georges, in the Island of Grenada. 
Apparently realizing that his end was near, he returned to New Jersey. 



probably taking: up his abode with his sister, Mrs. Rebecca Deane, who 
was now a widow, residing in Elizabeth, and there he made his will, 
February 18, 1774, in which he describes himself as "Dr. Joshua Bryant 
now of EUizabethtown. Essex County, late of the Island of Grenada, 
West Indies, Doctor of Physic," and as being: "weak in body." The 
will was proved just one week later, and on the same day letters of 
administration with will annexed were granted to Mrs. Deane, her 
bondsman being William Peartree Smith. In this instrument he de- 
vises to his sister, Mrs. Rebecca Deane, of Ellzabethtown, widow, all 
his estate, except what is hereafteiv excepted, to bring up her thre** 
children, "the rest of my relations being in good circumstances." He 
refers particularly to his house and lot in the Caronago, near the town 
of St. Georges, Island of Grenada; he leaves £100 to Penelope Parkin- 
son, alias Wilson, his housekeeper in Grenada; he refers to his brother. 
Dr. WilUiam Bryant, of Kingsbury, near Trenton, and to his brother. 
Ebenezer Bryant, deceased, and provides that his brother-in-law, 
William Peartree Smith, the executor of Ebenezer's estate, shall be 
paid for any loss incurred in settling said estate. He states that "Mr. 
John Wharton, my old partner, owes me £100. which is to be collected 
by my executors. Philip Obin owes me £130. He used to sail from 
the Island." He refers to his friend, Dr. Samuel Duffield, of Philadel- 
phia. Executors- "my friends, Mr. James Cox and Mr. George Fitz- 
gerald, Merchant, at St. George, Island of Grenada." Witnesses— 
Eaias Boudinot. William Livingston, Belcher P. Smith.— 2V. J. Tf«I», 
Lib. K, p. 490. 


Aaron Bryan and wife narrowly escaped drowning, in December, 
1765, by the upsetting of a shallop, on the way from Philadelphia to 
Mount Holly.— .V. J. Archives, XXIV., 679. 

Aaron Bryant, of Northampton township, Burlington county, was 
one of the borrowers from the Ne\\ Jersey Loan Commissioners, Dec. 
5, 1786. 

Abraham Bryan, of Burlington county, advertises a runaway ser- 
vant man, June 14, 1739. — .V. J. Archives, XI., 570. 

Alexander Bryant lived about fourteen miles from Reading Town 
(Hunterdon county ?), in 1766.— A\ J. Archives, XXV.. 192. 

Anthony Braiant was witness to an Indian deed, July 20, 1666, for 
lands on the south side of the Delaware river, over against New Castle, 
and on West creek, Salem county. — N. J. Archires, XXI., 4. An Indian 
deed, October 4, 1665, conveys to Fop Jansen Outhout the Hoppemanse 
tract between two creeks, over against Anthony Breyant. — N. J. Ar- 
chives. XXI., 7. Anthony Bryant was witness to an Indian deed. Feb. 
8, 1673-4, at Finns' creek, Salem county.— A'. J. Archives, I., 111. 528-9. 

Cornelius Bryan, living on Raccoon Creek, in Greenwich township, 
Gloucester county, advertises a runaway Irish servant man, June 20. 
1765.— A\ J. Archives, XXIV., 558. 

Isaac Bryant is mentioned as a landowner in Monmouth county, ad- 
Joining Gawen Lawrle's 1,000 acres, June 20, 1699.— A'. J. Archives, XXI.. 

Jacob Brian was a landowner in Mt. Holly, in 1761.— .V. J. Archives. 
XX., 530. He advertised two' plantations at Upper Freehold, and a tract 
of woodland on South River, Middlesex county, in 1763.-/6.. XXIV.. 134. 

Thomas Bryant bought 200 acres, apparently in Burlington county. 
Nov. 10, 1688.— iV. J. Archives, XXI., 471. He had a survey made for 



him for 300 acres alonff Ancokus creek. Salem county, 4th mo. 1689. — 
n., XXI.. 366. He Is mentioned as a landowner In the same county In 
1692.— /6., 389. He acquired 400 acres of land on Rancokus creek, by 
deed May 10, 1694; in the deed he is described as a planter, of North- 
ampton, Burlington county. This deed is from Thomas Raper, of 
Burlington, Smith, and Abigail his wife, and includes 300 acres being 
part of one -thirtieth part of a property given said Abigail by her 
father, William Perkins, by deed dated Oct. 27, 1677. recorded Aug. 
11, 1682, near and adjoining Rancokus or Northampton river.— /6., 470. 
By deed dated 5 mo. (July) 3, 1689, he bought from Samuel Jenlngs, 
of Greenhlll, Burlington county, yeoman, for £10, a tract of 100 acres 
to be taken up in West Jersey, .as part of the property of said Jen- 
ings.— ^. J. Deeds, Liber B, Part 2, f. 499. 

Thomas Brian t.Briant) was a witness before the Governor and 
Council, Feb. 24, 1713, in relation to certain surveys by Daniel Leeds.— 
N. J. Archives, XIII., 526. William Budd, of Northampton township, 
Burlington county, conveyed to Thomas Brian, of the same township, 
April 1, 1698, for £40, a tract of 25 acres of meadow joining Restore 
Llppincott.— N. J. Deeds, Liber B. Part 2, f. 615. 

Thomas Brian, of Northampton township, husbandman, conveyed to 
Thomas Hains 300 acres in the fork of Northampton river; the same 
day he received from Hains a tract of 200 acres in Springfield town- 
ship. By deed Feb. 6, 1697-8, he acquired 1-32 of a share in West Jer- 
sey. — N. J. Archives, XXI., 502. By deed April 1, 1698, Thomas Brian 
and William Budd, both of Northampton, Burlington county, yeomen, 
exchanged two small tracts (30 acres and 25 acres) in Burlington 
county. — Ih., 504. From a deed May 21, 1698, Thomas Bryan appears 
to have owned land (and probably resided) near Mt. Holly. — Ih., 507. 
He conveyed 150 acres by deed dated Feb. 7, 1697-8, being described 
as of Northampton township, husbandman. — lb., 528. Thomas Bryant 
is mentioned in a* deed of Jan. 13, 1699-1700. — Ih., 529. Thomas Brian 
is one of the signers of a petition to I-ord Cornbury, about 1707. — N. J. 
Archives, III.. 164. He was a member of the Assembly for the Western 
Division, in nOb.— Smith's Hist. N. J., 284 n. 

Valentine Bryant, of Hopewell, Hunterdon county, advertises a run 
away servant man. in 1761. — N. J. Archives, XX., 550. 

In 1722 William Brian t, of "Stone bruk," was assessed on three hun- 
dred acres of land. 


Rev. Thomas Budd, rector of the parish of Martock, Somersetshire, 
England, became a minister among Friends about 1657. In 1661 he 
was called upon by the autiiorities to take the "oath of obedience" 
prescribed by the statute Isc James I., passed "for the better dis- 
covering of papist recusants." He declared that he was willing to 
affirm, but to takt3 an oath was contrary to his religious principles. 
He was arrested, convicted, and receiving the sentence of praemu- 
nire, \vas sent to the ilchester jail, where he remained nine years, or 
until his death, June 22, ]670. In his last moments he "rejoiced and 
praised God that his children did walk in the way of the Lord."— 
Besse's Sufferings of th<; Quakers, l: 580, 609. Issue: 

2. i. Thomas-, b. in England about 1640, probably. 

3. ii. William, b. in England. 

ill. John, b. in England. He was of Burlington, Feb. 8, 
1G92-3; d. in Philadelphia, in 1704, s. p. 



4. iv. James, b. in Engrl-^nd. 

V. Ann, m. Bingham. 

vl. Susannah, m. Samuel Woolston. Child: John, bap. May 
11, 1712. (Samuel Woolston and Elizabeth, his wife, 
had child Samuel bap. July 26, 1719.) 
Third Generation. 

2. Thomas* Thomas^ Budd, b. in Engrland, perhaps about 1640; m. in 

England, Susannah • d. in Philadelphia, Feb. 16, 1697-8; she d. 

in Philadelphia, and was Juried in that city Feb. 4, 1707-8.— Penn. Mag. 
10: 490. The reco/ds of Burlington Monthly Meeting of Friends fail 
to state when, if ever, Thomas Budd presented his letters and was 
admitted to the Meeting, but he is mentioned as a witness at several 
marriages. He certainly was on*? of the most prominent and influ- 
ential of the first settlers of Burlington, and for many years exercised 
a large influence in the Province. And yet information concerning his 
personal history and characteristics, his appearance and habits, is 
almost entirely lacking. In a paper read by Franklin W. Earl befor€» 
the Surveyors' Association of West Jersey, August 13, 1867, it is 
stated that "Thomas Budd arrived at Burlington, N. J., in the year 
1668, and after remaining in the country for ^ few years returned to 
London for his family, with which he came again to Burlington in 
1678, and came also with him his brothers, William, John and James,, 
with rheir families."— Procp«?irt(;;* West Jersey 8urvet/or8' Association, 
36-42. The statement that Budd arrived at Burlington in 1668 is evi- 
dently incorrect, careful and accurate as Mr. Earl usually is. There 
was no settlement at Burlington earlier than 1678, if then. Budd is 
first mentioned in the records as the grantee, by deed dated March 
1-2, 1676-7, from William Penn, Oawen Laurie, Nicholas Lucas and 
Edward Billing, of one share or one ninetieth of the ninety equal and 
undivided parts of West .Jersey. — N. J. Archives, 21: 395-6. Having 
thus become one of the Proprietors of the Province, he signed with 
others the Concessions and Agreements for the government of West 
.lersey, dated the same month.— .V. J. Archives, 1: 268; Learning and 
Spicer, 410. The first mention of his coming to New Jersey is in 
a letter from John Crips, to his brother and sister, dated "Burlington, 
in New Jersey, upon the River Delaware, the 19th of the 4th Moneth. 
call'd June 1678." in which the writer says: "Thomas Budd, and his 
Family are arrived. The ship Lieth before this Town that brought 
them. I wish you have not cause to repent that you came not along 
with them. They had a ver^'^ good Passage, and so had the London 
ship. They are both in the River at this time. I understand by 
Thomas Budd that ho did satisfie you as near as he could, of the 
Truth of things here, and you had as much reason to believe him, as 
that other person, and more too; for Thomas had far more Experi- 
ence of this Place, than he (I say) could have in the short time ho 
was among us." — "An Ahftract or Abbreviation of sonw Fete of the Many 
{Later d Former) Testimont/H from the Inhabitants of New-Jersey And 
other Eminent Persons Who have Wrote particularlv concerning that Pluct 
London, Printed by Thomas Milbourn, in the year 1681." This is oint 
of the rarest tracts relating to New Jersey; it is a small quarto, of 
'62 pp.; the extract given appears on page 15. Appended to the letter 
Is this note: "To the Truth of the Contents of these things we sub- 
.scribe our Names — Daniel Wills, Thomas Olive, Thomas Harding, 
Thomas Budd, William Peachy " In the same pamphlet appears a 
letter from Thomas Budd. dated Weymouth, 28th 6th Month (August),. 
1678, to "Gawen Lawry in George- Yard, in Lombard Street, Mer- 



chant, ' In which he says: "i am safely come from New Jersey, 
where I left Friends in Health. ... I suppose I have Travelled 
more in New Jersey than any other Person that came lately, which 
I did at my own proper Charge, that I might be able to satisfle my 
Self, and Acquaintance concerning the Country. I intend to be 
shortly in London." He gives some account of the country, and states 
that "Many houses are being built on Chygoe's Island." From these 
letters it would appear that Budd had been some time in New Jersey 
and had returned to England, before the date of the letter of John 
Crips; that he returned to Burlington, with his family, arriving in 
June, 3 678, and that two months later he was again in England. How 
long he remained absent from West Jersey this time it is impossible 
to tell, but on September 24. 1680, a survey was returned for him ot 
109 acres along the Salem town line and adjoining Edni. Stuart, and 
on October 9-10, 1680, we have a memorandum of a deed from Budd 
to John Long, for half an acre in Burlington. A survey was returned 
March 30, 1681, for 50 acres along the town bounds (Burlington), ad- 
joining John Cripps, in exchange with Thomas Budd, of 450 acres 
along the town bounds, the "old head" line of Rankokus lots and the 
partition line between the two Tenths. He bought of John Kinsey, 
Dec. 22-23, 1681. one- third of a share in West Jersey, which he sold 
a week later. A survey was returned to him Feb. 15, 1681-2, for 500 
acres, in exchange with Samuel Jenings. On Aug. 4, 1682, a return 
was made of a survey for Hance MonsJur, of 500 acres, bought of 
Thomas Budd and Thomas Gardner on public account. John Yeo and 
wife of Maryland sold to Thomas Budd 500 acres, being part of one- 
sixth of a share, and 66 acres in Burlington township, with his wharf 
lot. On Nov. 10, i682, a return was made to Thomas Budd of Bur- 
lington, of 500 acres in Salem Tenth. Under date of 29th 9th mo. 
(November), 1682, Elianor Huffe. widow, by her attorney in fact, sold 
to Thomas Budd, of Burlington, merchant, 500 acres in Salem Tenth. 
There is a memorandum of a deed of trust, dated April 5, 1683, Ed- 
ward Searson, late of the White Leay, Derbyshire, England, now of 
Maryland, to Samuel Jenings, Thomas Budd and Elias Farre, the 
consideration having been paid Vy Thomas Ellis, of Burlington, de- 
ceased, on behalf of iiis daughter, for one sixty-fourth of the First 
Tenth. In a letter from James Nevill to Governor Penn, dated Salem, 
ye 23d 3d mo. (May), 1683, he gives a list of lands sold, etc., by John 
Fenwick since his conveyance made to John Eldridge and Edmond 
Warnor, among them being one to Thomas Budd, 500 acres, on Salem 
creek. Henry Stacy deeded, 15l!i 8th mo. (October) 1683, to John 
Gosling, 100 acres in the Yorkshire Tenth, to be equally divided be- 
tween the grantee and Thomas Budd. Martin Hoult conveyed to 
Thomas Budd, 25th 10th mo. (De.- > 1683, a house and lot in Burling- 
ton. He bought from George lorter, with the appointment of his 
guardians and feo.Tees, 300 acres in the First Tenth, with wharf lot 
and town lot in Burlington. A survey was returned to him for 216 
acres, in March (1st mo.) 1084. On April 8, 1684, George Hutcheson 
sold him 100 acres at Lessa Point, Burlington, and the same day 
George Hutcheson and Thomas Gardner, commissioners for the rais- 
ing of money towards the discharge of the public debt,- sold Budd 600 
acres, to be surveyed in the six Lower Tenths. Nov. 20, 1686, Godfrey 
Hancock, senior, conveyed to Thomas Budd, of Burlington, merchant, 
50 acres or one-eighth of a share in the First Tenth. His next specu- 
lation was of a peculiarly interesting character; under date of May 
25, 1637, Percifal Towle, Francis Collins and twenty-two others. Pro- 


prietors of several undivided shares of West Jersey, conveyed to 
Thomas Budd 15,000 acres of land, he to pay the Indians for their 
rights. This land ''was allotted said Budd by the Country for Satis- 
faction of a Debt of £1250 which' they owed said Budd; it is said to 
be the best Land in the Province."— A' J.' Archives, 2: 99. Budd sold 
this tract to Dr. Daniel Coxe, who sold it in turn to the Proprietors 
of West Jersey, some time prior to December 24, 1692. — 76. It was 
then valued by Dr. Coxe at £10 per hundred acres, but they were 
willing to sacrifice It at £5 per hundred acres. Hitherto, Budd ap- 
pears to have been a resident of Burlington, where he was a "mer- 
chant" or "trades." But in the next conveyance, dated October 20, 
1687, he is designated as of Philadelphia, merchant, he and his wife 
Susanna deeding certain lands to Samu<-1 Harriot, of Burlington. 
Samuel Groome, of London, merchant, conveyed to Thomas Budd, of 
Philadelphia, m.ercliant, Feb. 11, 1689-90, two eights of a share of 
West Jersey, and on February 5. of the same year, he acquired half 
a share in West Jersej' from James Wasse, of London. His activities 
in dealings in real estate now relaxed, his next transaction being in 
1693, when he located a tract "where the present road crosses the 
main north branch of Rancocus creek at Pemberton, running north 
almost as far as Juliustown.. embracing all the land from the main 
street in Pemberton, easterly for a mile and three quarters up said 
creek." — (Proc. W. J. Surveyors Assoc., 38.) In September, 1699, 
Susanna Budd, by her deputy, resurveyed the above tract, on the east 
side of Pemberton. and found it to contain 2,000 acres; on July 11, 
1701, she sold it. John Chamnis having mortgaged a tract of 200 
acres of land in Burlington couiUy to Thomas Budd, and failing to 
observe the obligations he had incurred, Budd foreclosed the mort- 
gage and the property wap sold to him and Susanna his wife, by 
James Hill, sheriff of Burlington county, August 8, 1693. A return 
was made of a survey of 2,000 acres of land at Mount Pisgah, for 
Budd, in April, 1691 Henry Grubb, of Burlington, innholder, conveyed 
to Thomas Budd, of Philadelphia, merchant, 4th d. 7th mo. (Sept.) 
1695, a tract of 50 acres. November 2, 1695, Jonathan Beere made an 
assignment to Budd. John Reading conveyed to Budd Dec. 3, 1695, 
a tract of 200 acres called Mount Eagle, on the coast near Great Egg 
Harbour. Jonathan Beere. Esquire, and Burgess of Salem Town, con- 
veyed to Budd four 12-acre lots in Salem Town marsh, by deed dated 
May 25, J696. and on August 22 following Budd acquired two more 
lots in Salem Town marsh, one of 17 and the other of 8 acres, the 
grantor being V/illiam Hall, of Salem Town. In an Indian deed. May 
8, 1699, from Hug'ion and Lumoseecon, Sachems, to John Harrison, 
the tract is described as lying between Cranberry Brook and Milston 
river, Yorkroad and Thomas Budd, showing that Budd had acquired 
lands much north of his original purchases. The foregoing list of 
conveyances, probably by no means complete, has been taken from 
N. J. Archives, 21. They show the remarkable activity and enter- 
prise of the man. Having bought so extensively in West Jersey, he 
found quite a number of Swedes already settled upon his lands. At 
his request, they produced proofs of their titles, and Budd thereupon 
gave them deeds from himself, confirming them in the ownership of 
their hemes. — Penn. Mag., 17; 85. While he was thus engaged in real 
estate investments or speculations, he was by no means neglectful of 
public affairs. In 1681, he was appointed by the West Jersey Assem- 
bly one of the receivers general to collect £200 for the purpose of de- 
fraying the debts of the Province. In May, 1682, he was chosen one 



of the commissioners for "settling and regulation of lands," a mem- 
ber of the governor's council, and one of the regulators of weights and 
measuies. In September, 3 682, he was appointed a justice of the 
peace for Burlington; he was elected to the Assembly, and rechosen 
land commissioner, and to serve on the governor's council; in May, 

1682, he was appointed one of the commissioners to raise Provincial 
moneys in the Second Tenth, and in the six Lower Tenths, and was 
appointed special Provincial treasurer. He was a member of the 
Assembly, 3d mo. 16S5. and also a member of the governor's council; 
land commissioner for the Second Tenth, Indian land commissioner, 
and Provincial treasurer. Budd and Francis Collins were voted, in 

1683, each 1,000 acres, "parts of lands to be purchased of the Indians 
above the falls," the present site of Trenton, in consideration and 
discharge for building a market and court house at Burlington. At 
Ihe session of the Assembly in May, 1683, Budd was selected to write 
to members of the Society ol Friends in London relative to the state 
of the case of the Proprietors with Edward Byllinge. In 9th mo. 
1683 he was designated to write to Edward Byllinge on the same sub- 
ject In March. 16S4, he was appointed with Samuel Jenings to rep- 
resent the claims of the freeholders to the government, as opposed 
10 Edward Byllingc's pretence to the same, and also to demand that 
Byllincce confirm what he had sold. The Assembly voted the com- 
missioners 1500 acres above the falls as their security for £100 ster- 
ling. Soon after, jn 1684, Budd sailed for England upon his mission. 
While abroad he rendered to the country his most distinguished ser- 
vice, in the publication of a small book on conditions in the Provinces 
controlled by Friends, entitled "Good Order Established in Pennsyl- 
vania and New Jursey," which appears to have been given to the 
printers October 25, 1685. This undoubtedly gave a great stimulus to 
emigration to West Jersey. In 1685 he was chosen to the Assembly, 
and became one of the chiei promoters in the erection of the new 
Meeting House at Burlington. 17th 9th mo. in the same year he 
petitioned the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania for a special court 
to decide a difterence between Philip Th: Lehman and himself. He 
and others petitioned the same bady. 7th of 12th mo. 1688-9, for en- 
couragement in setting up a bank for money. He went to England 
again in 1689, returning to Philadelphia the following year. August 
C, 1690. he bought the Blue Anchor tavern and adjacent property on 
the west side of Front street, Philadelphia, and extending toward 
Walnut street; he gradually demolished the old buildings, and erected 
f. row of timber apd brick houses called in the old times "Budd's 
Long Row"; into the southernmosi house of the row the Blue Anchor 
tavern was moved, so that it stood at the foot of Delaware and Front 
streets and Dock creek; two of thv houses he sold to Anthony Morris, 
4, 8, 1697. — Penn. Mag., 20: 431. In 1691 took place the famuos schism 
among Friends, let by George Keith, who afterwards became con- 
nected with St. Mary's church, Burlington, when he wrote that mag- 
nificent hymn, which has been sung by countless thousands of Chris- 
tions, "How firm a foundation, ye saints of the Lord." Budd was one 
of the signers of the confession of faith, or declaration, of Keith. 
Morgan Edwards savs he afterwards became a Baptist, and was a 
preacher among them. No evidence of this has been found, however, 
and Edwards douijtless erred. Keith was formally disowned by 
Friends, 1692, and probably Budd likewise. In December, 1692, Keith 
and Budd were presented by the grand jury of Philadelphia, as the 
authors of an attack made by Keith upon Samuel Jenings and the 



magistracy; they were tried, convicted and sentenced to pay a fine of 
£5 each, but the penalty was never exacted. — Proud' a Hist. Ptnna., 
1: 373; Penn. Mag., 18. 425. Budd continued loyal to Keith, and ac- 
companied him to England in J 694, to defend him before the Yearly 
Meeting of Friends. His wife adhered to the Society of Friends, 
among whom she was prominent. The will of Thomas Budd, of 
Philadelphia, is signed February 8, 1697-8, and was proved March 25, 
1698. The only real estate speciHed is that which he devised to his 
son Thomas, and in which his son lived, "being the corner house 
nearest the dock." He gives his daughters £100 each. There is no 
residuary clause. His personal estate was inventoried at £457. — 
Philadelphia Wills, Liber A, f. 384. Theie is much reason to believe, 
however, that at the time of his death he still possessed much of the 
vast estates acquired by him during his score of years in America, 
in his will he names four children: 
1. Thomas^. 

ii. Mary^ b. 2d 7 mo. 1677, as recorded in Burlington 
Monthly Meeting Records of Births and Deaths, 
1677-1698, in Friends' Library, Philadelphia. The 
pl.ace of birth is not stated. It was not unusual to 
record in America births which had taken place in 
England She m 1st. Dr. John Gosling, of Burling- 
ton; 2, in 1686, T<rancis Collins; he was a bricklayer, 
in Gloucester, but on his marriage removed to Bur- 
lington; in 1690 he built the Burlington county court 
house, for which he received • £100 and a tract of 
iii. Rose\ b. 13th 1st mo. 1680-81, as recorded in the same 
volume as her sister Mary's birth. 
5. iv. John^, 

3. William" Thomas^ Budd had Issue (bap. in St. Mary's church. Bur- 
lington) : 

3. William^ Thomas^ Budd, b. 1680; m. Elizabeth . He was 

known as William Budd, Junior, to distinguish him from an uncle of 
ihe same name. Edward Armstrong, in his Interesting, accurate and 
learned Introductory Note, to Gowans's reprint of "Good Order Es- 
tablished in Pennsylvania and New Jersey in America," says: "Wil- 
liam, who died In 172c, at his farm in Northampton township, Bur- 
lington county, about four miles west of Mount Holly, and who by 
his will left a benefaction to the Episcopal church of St. Mary's at 
Burlington, of which he appears to have been a steadfast member, 
and where he is buried, and also land in Northampton township, on 
which to build a church. His descendants are very numerous in 
Pennsylvania, and in southern New Jersey, and we believe that with 
the exoeptlon of those of th«3 name who trace their origin to Thomas 
Budd, and who are comparatively few. all the rest in the regions re- 
ferred to are descended from the first William." A return was made 
2d mo. 1693, of a ss^urvey made by Symon Charles and Daniel Leeds, 
for William Budd, for 500 acres jf land with 15 acres highway allow- 
ance for other land, on the Vorth branch of Rancokus river; and also 
for 200 acres next to Budd. William Budd was appointed a justice of 
the peace, June 5, 1705. Issue: 

I. Mary*, bap. Sept. 9, 1704; prob. m. Joseph Shinn. 

il. Susanna*, bap. Sept. 6, 1706. 

Iii. Thomas', bap. Dec. 3, 1708. 

iv. William', bap. Jan. 2, 1710 or 1711; d. 1723. 

65 V 


V. David*, bap. July 14, 1714. 
vl. Abigail*, bap. May 16, 1716. 
vU. Sarah*, bap. March 11, 1718. 
vUl. Rebecca*. 
Ix. Elizabeth Ann^ 

4. James^ Thomas^ Budd was elected to the West Jersey Assembly 
In 1685. and was appointed a justice of the peace the same year. He 
sold 500 acres of land on Northampton river to John Rodman, of 
Flushing, L. I. James was drowned at Burlington. His will, dated 
January 29, 1727-8, name.s four children: 

1. William, under age, Jan. 29, 1727-8. 

ii. James, m. . Ch., Samuel, bap. April 6, 1740. 

ill. Joseph, under age, Jan. 29, 1727-8. 

Iv. Ann. 

Fourth Oeneration. 

5. John* Thomas* Thomas^ Budd m. Rebecca Sandiland, sister of 
James Sandiland, of Upland, who was sheriff of Philadelphia county 
1706-7. In his will, dated Jime 1, 1710, he refers to kinsman Peter 
Baynton, b. 1696, d. 1723. m. his cousin Mary, dau. of John and Re- 
becca (Baynton) Budd. — Penn. Mag , 2: 448. (Prob. John* Thomas* 
Thom^vsS mentioned above as of Burlington, Feb. 8, 1692-3.) John 
settled in Morris county, where his father had located extensive tracts 
of land. He was probably the .rohn Budd who sold to Jacob Corson, 
of Staten Island, lands described by the latter in his will dated Oct. 
8, 1742. as "all my messuages and lands in Hunterdon county. New 
Jersey, at or near the township of Reading." — N. T. Hist. Soc. Coll., 
1869, p. 120. His will, dated Sept. 0, 1749, proved May 16, 1754, names 

1. John. He was a physician, and settled in Salem county, 
where he was Sheriff In 1758. In 1763, and again in 
1764, being then of Salem, he advertised for sale a 
large new house, "Juist finished off in a handsome 
manner," near the court house, Morris town, and four 
other tracts of land in the vicinity. — N. J. Archives, 
XXIV., 188, 315, 373. He was again Sheriff of Salem 
county In 1764 and 1765.— /5., 346, 406, 517. He be- 
came financially embarrassed, placed his property in 
the hands of trustees for the benefit of his creditors, 
and made frequent appeals to his creditors for their 
support. He then removed to Long Island, New York. 
In 1769 he gave notice to his creditors that he feared 
ihey were not likely to get anything "if things remain 
in their present situation," and that he therefore pro- 
posed to apply to the Legislature for "a license to 
return and reside In the said province, five years free 
from arrest, to collect in the money due to me and 
pay my debts."— AT. J. Archives, XXVI., 438. Nothing 
came of this. Some time after 1771 he removed to 
Charleston, S. C, where he d. In 1791. During the 
Revolution he served as Surgeon of a South Carolina 
Regiment of Artillery. 
11. Thomas, a physician. In 1767 he was living In Hanover, 
Morris county, and advertised for sale a plantation at 
that place, of 400 or 500 acres, joining the lands of 
William Kelljf.— 2V. J. Archives, XXV.. 434. 
HI. Bern, a physician. "Dr. Bern Budd, of Hanover, in Mor- 
ris county," advertises a runaway negro man. August 
9, 1764.—^. J. Archives, XXIV.. 399. 



Miscellaneous: Jemima, "wife of Thomas Budd, senior/' was buried 
at Mount Holly, Auif. 29. 1770. William Budd, senior, one of the ves- 
trymen of St. Andrew's church. Mount Holly, was buried at Mount 
Holly, Aug. 29, 1770. Thomas Budd, a native of New Mills, Burling' 
ton county, b. Feb. 19, 1783, became a preacher in the M. E. church. 


John Budd, b. in England, came from London about 1632, and 
was one of the planters of New Haven Colony, in 1639. He was ap- 
pointed a deputy from Southold, Li. I., in 1653 to the General Court, 
but had gone to England in the meantime. His appointment from 
Southoid indicates that he ".vas already settled there. He was lieu- 
tenant at Southold until 1660, when he resigned, he having removed 
or being about to remove to Rye, Westchester county, N. Y., where 
he was settled in 1661. He m. Katherine ; d. 1670. By a dec- 
laration, dated October 15, 1669, he gave to son John his part of the 
mill on Blind brooke, and all lands otherwise undisposed of, and per- 
sonal property, in consideration whereof John was to pay his father 
or his mother "thirty pounds a year in good pay that is to say wheat 
Twenty pounds porck one Barrel! pease the rest. . , . that we 
may oc freed from trouble" This instrument seems to have been 
recorded May 13, 1675, which was probably about the time of John's 
death. Issue: 

2. i. John*. 

3. ii. Joseph. 

iii. Judith, m. 1st, John Ogden; 2d, Francis Brown, 
iv. Jane, m. Joseph Horton. 

2. John* John! Budd m. Mary, 3d dau. of Barnabas Horton, of South- 
old; d. Nov. 5, 1684. After his father's death he returned to Southold, 
having apparently sold to his brother-in-law, Joseph Horton, the mill 
on Blind brook. The will of "John Budd of the Town of Southold, be- 
ing at present weak in body." dated Oct. 27, 1684, proved November 
12, 1684, provides for the comfortable maintenance of his wife, Mary, 
during widowhood, gives the bulk of his estate to eldest son John, 
and to son Joseph "all my right and interest in a neck of land in 
Westchester, which lietb between Blind Brook and Mamaroneck 
River, and an island of meadow belonging thereto (except 100 acres 
of upland and 1 acres of meadow), and all my housing and improve- 
ments on said land." — N. Y. Hist. 8oc. Coll., 1892, pp. 130-132. Issue: 

i. John*. 

ii. Joseph. 

iii. Mary, m. 1st, Niccols; 2d. Christopher Youngs. 

iv. Hannah, m. Jonathan Hart. 

V. Ann, m. Benjamin Horton, 

vi. Sarah, under eighteen at the date of her father's will, 
Oct. 27, 1684; prob. m. Benjamin Conkling. 

3. Joseph* John'^ Budd m. Sarah, dau. of Humphrey Underbill, of 
Rye; d. 1722. He "was known as 'Captain Budd' as early as 1700. He 
was prominent in town and county affairs, being townsman in 1701. 
justice of the peace ir. 17io, farmer of the excise 1714-21, and super- 
visor of the town, 1713-1(5, 1720-22. In 1720 he obtained a patent for 
a tract purchased by his father and known as 'Budd's Neck.' " — 
BairtTs Hist, of Rye, 405. The will of "Joseph Budd of Rye in the 
county of Westchester, Esquire," is dated May 27, 1722, and was 
proved June 28, 1722. He devises many tracts of land and other prop- 
erty-—^. Y. Hist. Soc. Coll., 1S93, pp. 250-251. He names children: 



4. L John*, under SO at the time of his father's will. May 

27, 1722. 

ii. Joseph, m Ann . His will bears date 1763. 

Hi. Elisha, b. 1705, m Anne, dau. of Joseph Lyon; d. Sept 

21. 1765; she d. Dec. 6. 1760. 
iv. Underhill, b. April 29, 170b; m. Sarah, dau. of Capt. 
Henry Fowler, of Southold, Sept. 17, 1730; will 
proved May 31. 1755; she d. Aug. 19, 1798. 
V. Gilbert. 

vi. Hannah, m. Palmer. 

vii. Sarah, 
viii. Annie, 
ix. Tamar. 
X. Mary. 

4. John* Joseph^ John^ Budd m. Mary Prudence, dau. of Daniel and 

Chariot Strang; d. . He inherited the estate on Budd's Neck, 

which he sold in 1745. Peter Jay being the chief purchaser. He re- 
moved about this time to Morris county, and bought a farm near 
Black River, in the present Chester township. In 1753, "John Budd, 
late of Rye, now of Roxboro. Morris county, New Jersey," sold a re- 
maining parcel of land on Budd's Neck. Issue: 

5. i. Daniel*, b. July 27, 1722. 
ii. Elijah, m. Ursula Sine. 

ill. Joseph, m. Fiudd. 

iv. John, is said to hare removed to Kentucky. 

V. Underbill, d. unm. 

vi. Gilbert, "was for thirty years a surgeon in the British 
navy. He returned to this country after the Revo- 
lution, and made his home with his cousin. Colonel 
Gilbert Budd, of Mamaroneck, until his death, Oc- 
tober 14, 1805; he was 85 years old."— BaiVd's Hist. 
Hy^, P- 405. 
vii. Hannah, m. Hachaliah Purdy. 
viii. Mary. m. Caleb Korton. 

ix. Sanih, m. Thomas Sawyer. 

X. Abigail. 

5. Daniel* .John* Joseph- John^ Budd, b. July 27, 1722; m. 

Purdy, d. Dec. 24, 1806. Issue: 

i. John^ 

ii. William, 

iii. Elizabeth, 

iv. Joseph. 

V. Abigail, 

vi. Daniel. 


Aaron Burr was the son of President Burr, and the grandson of 
President Edwards. He was b. Feb. 6, 1756, in the parsonage of the 
old First Presbyterian church, of Newark, of which his father, Rev. 
Aaron Burr, was pastor, being at the same time President of the Col- 
lege of New Jersey, then located in Newark. The parsonage was on 
the west side of Broad street, a short distance north of William street. 
Young Burr graduated from the college, then at Princeton, In the class 
of 1772. In 1775 he joined the army at Cambridge, and accompanied 
Arnold in his expedition against Quebec. In 1779, with the rank 
of Dieutenant-Colonel, he retired from military life. In 1782 he 



commenced the practice of law at Albany, but soon removed to New 
York City. From 1791 to 1797 he was a member of the Senate of the 
United States. He and Jefferson had each seventy -three votes for 
President of the United States in 1800. On the thirty-sixth ballot In 
the House of Representatives JefCerson was elected, and Burr be- 
came Vice President. On the 11th of July, 1804, he mortally wounded 
Alexander Hamilton in a duel. In 1807 Mr. Burr was arrested for 
high treason, and was tried in Richmond and acquitted. Luther 
Martin, of the class of 1766, a personal friend, was one of his counsel. 
The remainder of Mr. Burr's life was passed principally in New York 
in comparative obscurity and negrlect. He died September 14, 1836, and 
was buried at Princeton, near the grave of his father. 


Thomas Langhorne Byles (so he wrote the last name) was doubtless 
a grandson of Thomas Langhorne, who settled in Bucks County, Penn., 
In 1684, his daughter Sarah marrying William Biles.— Penn. Mag. of Hiai. 
and Biog., April, 1883, pp. 67-87. The Committee of Safety of Pennsyl- 
vania, on January 5, 1776, appointed him one of the Captains in the 
four new battalions of that Province.— Penn. Col. Records, X., 447. He 
was taken prisoner at the capture of Fort Washington, November 16, 
1776, and was exchanged March 1, 1778. In the meantime, June 8, 1777, 
he had been promoted to Major. After being exchanged he joined his 
regiment (Colonel Lambert Cadwallader's Third Pennsylvania) at 
Valley Forge, July 3, niS.—SaffeVa Records of the Revolutionary War, 
310-11; 2 Penn. Archives, X., 447. A letter dated April 17, 1780, gives this 
account of his death: "Yesterday morning, a detachment of 200 Con- 
tinental troops, under the command of Major Byles, stationed at Para- 
mus, was suddenly attacked by a party of the enemy, consisting of 
200 horse and 400 foot. The attack commenced a little after sunrise. 
Major Byles. besides his usual patrols, had that morning sent out two 
parties, each with a commissioned officer, but such is the situation of 
that part of the country, Intersected with roads, and Inhabited chiefly 
by disaffected people, that all precautions failed. The sentinels, near 
the quarters, were the first that gave notice of the enemy's approach. 
He immediately made the best disposition the hurry of the movement 
^ould permit, and animated his men by his exhortations and example. 
The house he was in was surrounded. Some of the men began to cry 
for quarter; others, obeying the command of the officers, continued 
to fire from the windows. The enemy upbraided them for the perfidy 
of asking for quarter, and persisting in resistance. Major Byles de- 
nied. In a determined tone, that he called for quarter; but his reso- 
lution did not avail. A surrender took place, and, in the act, the 
Major received a mortal wound, with which he expired. . . . The 
enemy made their boast that, as Major Byles did not present the hilt 
of his sword in front when surrendering, they shot him."— 2 Penn. Ar- 
chives, X., 445-6. 


The Rev. Colin Campbell was the tenth child of Colin Campbell, of 
Carnhill, Scotland, where he was bom, Nov. 15, 1707. As a boy he at- 
tended school at Aberdeen and Inverness. He was appointed by the 
Soci-ety for the Propagation of the Grospel In Foreign Parts to the mis- 
sion at St. Mary's, Burling'ton, where he arrived May 10. 1738, and was 
well received by the congregation. Although at first very bitter against 
the Friends ("What is the effect of Quakerism now in Pennsylvania 
but a nursery of Jesuits," he wrote in 1742), he soon became reconciled 


to them, and In 1763 was able to report that he had lived amongr his peo- 
ple "these twenty five years In the greatest love harmony peace & 
quietness studyingr my own business and continuing in the esteem of 
our Quaker Neighbours." Two years later he declared: "We of this 
Province live peaceably with one another; as I do myself and congre- 
gations with all Dissenters whatsoever." Writing Pecember 26, 1766. 
he say»: "I have little or nothing by way of support from my Congrre- 
gation; and a large Family of 6 Young Children to maintain, cloath 
A educate." He eked out the stipend allowed him by the Venerable 
Society, by teaching. In 1744 he advertised that he "proposed to teach 
young Men the classlck Authors," and offered to board two or three 
boys at his house. His ministrations during his twenty-eight years of 
service were attended by a large increase in the several congregations 
under his care, and he seems to have gained the esteem of the entire 
community. He died Saturday, August 9. 1766, at Burlington, after a 
short Illness, and was buried In St. Mary's Church, which he had 
served so long and faithfully. The Rev. Dr. William Smith, of Phila- 
delphia, who preached the funeral sermon, said of him: "He endeav- 
oured to be (wliat you will all allow he was) a Man of strict and severe 
Honesty; faithful in the Discharge of every Trust, and particularly 
of his most sacred Trust, a Minister of the Gospel of Jesus. He was 
a Lover of Peace, and rather willlngr to bear any Tolerable Wrong than 
ruffle the Serenity of his own Temper." His widow survived so late as 
1796.— Hills' 8 Church at Burlington, passim; N. J. Archives, xn., 229; 
XXV., 188; N. Y. Marriage Licenaea; Acadienaia, HI., 211; Recorda of St. 
Harp' a Church, Burlington. Issue: 

I. Mary Ann, b. July 2, 1743; d. in inf. 

II. Mary, b. Aug. 13, 1745. 

HI. Hugh, bap. January — , 1747. 

Iv. Rebecca, bap. March — . 1750; m. the Rev. William 
Frazer, of Amwell, and afterwards of Perth Amboy. 
July 13, 1768. Children: 1. Colin, b. May 24. 1769; 
2. Elizabeth, d. Aug. 21, 1774, aged three months; and 
perhaps others. 

V. Colin, b. Dec. 15, 1751; m. Abigail Mumford Seabury, 
dau. of the Rev. Sajnuel Seabury, tn New York, Dec. 
26, 1781. He was licensed as an attorney at law of 
New Jersey, May 12, 1773. After the Revolution he 
was obliged to leave the country, and went to the 
Province of New Brunswick, where he settled at St. 
Andrews, being afterwards made Collector of Customs 
at that port. Subsequently he removed to Shelburne, 
and held the same office uiere, for forty years. He 
represented Shelburne county in the Assembly for 
one term of seven years. In his later life he removed 
to New Edinburgh, then in Annapolis, now In Digby 
county, and there died in 183*4, leaving a widow, two 
daughters and a son. It was perhaps his son, Colin 
Campbell, who m. Mary, dau. of Lieut. James Camp- 
bell, of the 54th (British) Regriment, and whose son; 
John Campbell, was living in New Brunswick in 

vi. John, b. Feb. 24, 1754; m. Mary (b. October — , 1739), 
dau. of George Byre, of Burlington, and had children: 
1. Sarah, b. March 14, 1772; and two others. 

vll. Jane, b. Nov. 6, 1755; d. Feb. 19, 1770. 
viii. Archibald, b. Oct. 25, 1758. 

ix. Charles, bap. March 17, 1765. 




John Chambers came from Antrim (famous for Its round tower, 
one of the finest specimens of those ancient and mysterious structures), 
in the North of Ireland, about 1730. and settled in Trenton, where he 
died September 19, 1747, agred 70 years. He had two sons— David and 
Alexander— and Ave daughters. Alexander was born In Ireland in 1716. 
He lived at the corner of State and Willow streets, where his father 
had built a mud house, which he replaced by one of brick, and carried 
on the trade of turning, and making spinning-wheels and chairs. He 
was one of the managers of a lottery in 1753, for the purpose of raising 
funds to build a schoolhouse, to be "30 feet long, 20 feet wide and one 
story high, and built on the South-east comer of the [Presbyterian] 
Meeting-house yard" in Trenton. He was elected a director of this 
school in 1765. It was the forerunner of the Trenton Academy, founded 
in 1781. He was one of the trustees named in the charter of the Pres- 
byterian Church of Trenton, Sept. 8, 1756, and continued in that office 
until his death, September 16, 1798, and the records show that he at- 
tended every meeting during the whole forty-two years. He was 
treasurer of the Board of Trustees, 1766-1796, and President from May 
6, 1783, until his death. In the Trenton city charter of November 13, 
1792, Alexander Chambers was named as one of the first two Alder- 
men of the city. He married Rose Crage. who was born 1720 at 
Ballintober ("town of the wells"), near Monaghan, Ireland; she died 
in Trenton, Nov. 23, 1780. Their children were: 1. John, born March 
3, 1741; married Elizabeth Story, of Cranbury; he died in Trenton, Nov. 
13, 1813. 2. David, a Colonel in the Revolution; married Ruth, daugh- 
ter of Daniel Clark; he d. in 18'42, aged 94; she d. in 1813, aged 58, 
having had nine children. 3. James. 4. Alexander, was one of the 
guides at the battle of Trenton; he was a prominent merchant in 
Trenton many yeaia; he died in 1824. 5. Rose. 6. Margaret. 7. Eliza- 
beth. 8. Mary.— Hall's Hist. Prcs. Church in Trenton, 121, 158; Cooley'8 
Genealogy; N. J. Archives, XIX., 245; Joyce's Irish Gazetteer, First Series, 
4th ed., 451. 


Captain John Clunn, a mariner, lived "below Trenton Landing, in 
T^mberton, now a part oi the city of Trenton, in a house occupied ten 
or fifteen years ago by James Wooley."— 8 tryker's "Trenton One Hun- 
dred Years Ago." The will of John Clunn, senior, of Lamberton, Not- 
tingham township. Burlington county, dated June 21, 1794, proved May 
18, 1799, devises to wife Elizabeth, "the house and lot where I live 
during her life;" and names children — John, Amey, Margret and Eliza- 
beth; also mentions house and lot occupied by David Snowden, and 
house and lot occupied by Hambleton Thompson; it also directs that 
the testator is to be "buried in the grounds of the (St. Michael's) 
Episcopal Church in Trenton." Executors — Wife and son John. Wit- 
nesses — David Snowden, James Mathis, junior, and Joseph Clunn. — 
Liber 38 of Wills, in the Secretary of State's Office at Trenton, p. 328. The 
widow of John Clunn, probably the mother of the Captain, died in 
August, 1781, aged 83 years, and was buried the same evening in St. 
Michael's churchyard. — N. J. Gazette, August, 1781. The minutes of 
St. Michael's church record the election of John Clunn as a vestry- 
man on Saturday, April 2, 1785; again on April 29, 1786, and on Easter 
Monday in 1787, 1788, 1789 and 1790. Several Clunn tombstones are in 
St. Michael's churchyard, Trenton, as follows: John CHimn, Sr., d. 
November 27, 1798, In the 59th year of his age. Elizabeth Clunn, prob- 


ably his wife, d. Dec. 5, 1823, Aged 84 years. Margaret, dau. of John 
and Elizabeth Clunn, d. — 12, 1815. In the First Presbyterian church- 
yard, Trenton, is the tombstone of Amey Clunn, d. Dec. 12, — r aged 
76 years. 


John Cochran, son of James Cochran, a native of the North of Ire- 
land, was born in Chester county. Pa., September 1st, 1730, studied 
medicine with Dr. Thompson, of Lancaster, and served in the war of 
1758 (between England and France) as Surgeon's Mate in the hospital 
department. At the close of the war he settled in Albany, N. Y., 
where he married Gertiude, sister of General Schuyler. He soon after 
removed to New Brunswick, N. J., where he acquired a great reputa- 
tion. He was one of the founders of the New Jersey Medical Society, 
in 1766, and in 1769 was elected President. He was driven from his 
home by the British, who burned his house. He volunteered for hos- 
pital service, and on the strong recommendation of Washington to 
Congress, was, April 10th. 1777, commissioned Physician and Surgeon- 
General in the Middle Department, and in 1781 was commissioned 
Director- General of the Hospitals of the United States, being at- 
tached to headquarters, on Washington's staff. At the close of the war 
Washington gave him his headquarters furniture. He removed to New 
Yorlc, where he resumed his practice, until President Washington, re- 
taining "a cheerful recollection of his oast services," appointed him 
Commissioner of I^oans for the State of New York, an office he re- 
tained until disabled by a stroke of paralysis, when he resigned and 
removed to Schenectady, N. Y., where he died. April 6th, 1807. Wash- 
ington and Lafayette addressed him familiarly as "Dear Doctor Bones. " 
—Wickes, 204-10; Sparks'a Washington, VII., 192; Irving' 8 Waahingtoii, IIL, 
477; American Historical Record, III.. 173, 289 (with portrait); 2 N. J. 
Archives, I., 147-8. . 


The Rev. Nicholas Collin, of Upsal, Sweden. Theologiae Studiosus. 
was appointed by the Swedish Consistory, Curate to the Swedish 
church, May 19, 1769, and was sent to America by the Swedish gov- 
ernment, in 1770. In an account of the Swedish missions, entered by 
himself in the record of the ancient church at Swedesboro (formerly 
liacoon). New Jersey, he relates that he arrived here May 12, 1770, as 
minister extraordinary, and officiated throughout the mission, but es- 
pecially at Racoon and Penn's Neck, until the departure of Mr. Wlc- 
sell, in the autumn of 1773. In 1775 Mr. Collin was Dean of the 
Swedish parishes in America. By letters to the Archbishop and Con- 
.<«istory of Upsal, dated July 8, 1778, he urgently solicited his recall. 
He had then officiated for about eight years in the mission, and was 
consequently entitled to preferment at home. Moreover, the disordered 
state of affairs here owing to the war, made It seem imperative that he 
should leave, and he threatened to return home in the following 
spring, without waiting for a recall. (During the year 1777 he was 
regarded by the Americans as a spy, and was threatened with death. 
-Penn. Mag., 15:482. And for his account of events in 1778, see Fenn. 
Mag., 14:218). Finally, the King of Sweden, on November 22, 1782, 
granted his recall. By this time, however, affairs had improved, with 
the end of the war, and he concluded to remain a short time. He was 
rector of the churches named from 1773 until July, 1788, and for seven 
years provost of the mission. — Annals of the Stvcdes on the Delaware, by 


the Rev. Jehu Curtis Clay, D. D., second edition, I^iladelphia, 1858, 
pp. 122-125. His narrative, as entered in the Swedesboro Church 
records, December 10, 1791, is published In full in the Pennsylvania 
Magazine of History and Biography, 16: 349-358. "The Parish of 
Racoon," says the Rev. Israel Acrelius, writing in 1758, "lies upon tlie 
east side of the river Delaware, in the Province of New Jersey . . . 
Under the name of Racoon is understood the Swedish church and 
parish, which, extending the width of three Swedish miles, may be 
called tlie only one in the Province, with the exception of Pennsneck. 
Racoon is also the name of the navigable stream which empties into 
the Delaware, and upon which the church stands. The name comes 
from the river which the Indians called Memitraco and Naratlcon; but 
the Swedes in former times, Araratcung, Ratcung, and now Anally, 
Racoon; in Swedish orthography, Racuun." — Acrelius, Hist. New Stceden, 
314. The site was bought for a church there, by deed dated Septem- 
ber 1, 1703, and a church erected in 1704. — lb., 318. "The congregation 
of Pennsneck is in the Province of West New Jersey, in the Govern- 
ment of Burlington, Salem county, in the Townships of Upper and 
Lower Pennsneck, Pilesgrove and Mannington, on the eajst side of the 
Delaware, and along Its strand." A site for a church was secured 
from Jean Jaquett, who gave two acres of land for the purpose, by 
deed dated January 8, 1715, in the middle of the Neck, on the high- 
way. "The building of the church was immediately commenced, but 
it was not completed until March 31, 1717, when It was consecrated 
and called St. George's church. It is twenty-four feet square, built of 
logs, and weatherboarded." — Acrelius, op. cit., 322-323. On August 10, 
1785, Mr. Collin was appointed by the King of Sweden rector of 
Wicacoa and the churches in connection therewith. "The parish of 
Wicacoa," writes Acrelius, in 1758, "is In the Province of Fennsyl- 
\ania, and its members live partly in the city of I^iladelphla, and 
partly in various surrounding districts — Wicacoa, Moyamenzing, Pas- 
f.ayungh, a district along the Schuylkill, Kingsesa. Bond's Island, and 
Pennypack, in Philadelphia county: Kalkonhook, Amasland, and Mat- 
zong in Chester county." A site was given for a church in 1697, and 
the church erected, being dedicated July 2, 1700, as "Gloria Dei.*' — Hist. 
New Stceden, 202-207. During the ensuing vacancy at Racoon and 
Penn's Neck, Mi*. Collin says: "I gave the congregations every atten- 
tion consistent with my distant situation and multiplicity of business. 
At Swedesboro I performed divine service every third Sunday during 
the summer and autumn of 1786, and at larger intervals the two fol- 
lowing years. I likewise visited some worthy members in their sick- 
r-ess, and preached some funeral sermons. Besides, I made frequent 
jOTirneys for settling the business of the new church. Penn's Neck 
could not possibly obtain the same share of service, yet I officiated a 
few times at that church, and also preached occasionally at houses on 
afternoons, after finishing the service at Racoon." In the meantime 
he sought to secure a settled minister to fill the vacancy. Ultimately 
Cin 1790) the Rev. John Croes was engaged by the vestry, and con- 
tinued to serve the church for many years. The church now ceased to 
be a mission, dependent on the bounty of the Swedish King, and be- 
came afl[lllated with the Episcopal church in America. Subsequently 
Mr. Croes was elected the first Bishop of New Jersey.— Clay's "Annals," 
129-130. "At the time Dr. Collin received his appointment as rector of 
these churches (at Wicaco, etc.) the Swedes began to feel the neces- 
sity, from the little knowledge of the Swedish language remaining 



among them, of haviriG: clergymen set over them, who had received 
their education in this country," and accordingly the veetry of the 
Wlcaco church directed the wardens to notify the Archbishop of Upsal: 
'As the Rev. Mr. Collin has expressed a desire of retumlng to his 
native country shortly; whenever his majesty of Sweden shall think 
it proper to grant his recall, the mission to these congregations will 
undoubtedly oease." The relation which was then expected to be so 
brief, extended over nearly half a century. Dr. Collin "presided over 
these churches for a period of forty-five years: in which time he mar- 
ried 3375 couple, averaging about eighty-four coui^e a year. Dr. 
Collin, during the whole period of his ministry, was held in high es- 
teem by his congregations. He possessed considerable learning, par- 
ticularly in an acquaintance with languages. . . . He was a mem- 
ber, and for some time one of the vice presidents, of the American 
Philosophical Society, and was also one of the founders of the 'Society 
for the commemoration of the landing of William Penn.' " — Clay's 
"Annals," as cited, pp. 126-127. In 1799 Dr. Collin translated a consid- 
erable portion of Acrelius's "History of the Swedes on the Delaware," 
for the use of the Rev. Dr. Samuel Miller, of Princeton, who was then 
engaged in preparing his "Church History." Dr. Miller appears to 
have turned this translation over to the American Philosophical So- 
ciety, by whom it was transferred to the New York Historical Society 
(organized in 1804), which published the same in its Collections, New 
Series, 1841. Vol. I., pp. 401-448. Dr. Collin's imabated interest in the 
Swedesboro church, nearly twenty years after leaving it, is shown in 
an impassioned letter he wrote, April 30, 1804, to Dr. James Stratton, 
near Swedesboro, protesting against the proposed sale of a tract of 
land which had been devised to the old church. — Penn. Mag., 14:211. 
Dr. Collin died at Wicaco, October 7, 1831, In his 87th year. His por- 
trait, from a drawing evidently made in his extreme old age, by R. G. 
Morton, and engraved on stone by Neusam, is prefixed to Clay's 
"Annals," quoted above, 1st ed., 1835, and is Inserted in the 2d ed. 
opposite p. 118. His wife, Hannah, died of yellow fever. In Phila- 
delphia, Sept. 29, 1797, aged 48 years, two nnonths, and is buried in the 
old Gloria Dei churchyard, in South Second Street. 


The name Ellis Cook appears in the records of Morris county at a 
very early date. Mary, wife of Ellis Cooke (so the name is spelled on 
her tombstone In the Hanover graveyard), died April 19, 1754, aged 
thirty-eight years. Ellis Cook Esq'r "departed this life April 7th, 1797 
In the 66th Year of his Age." Margret Griswould, wife of "Coll. Ellis 
Cooke," died March 15, 1777, aged forty-one years and three months. 
A tombstone was erected In the same graveyard In 1860, by their de- 
scendants, to the menu)ry of "Ellis Cook, a Captain In the Revolution- 
ary Army who died A. D. 1832, and of Isabella Cook, his wife who died 
A. D. 1825." According to local tradition, Ellis Cook was the "original 
blacksmith" of Whlppanong township, whose shop occupied the site of 
the old Academy. In 1772, Ellis Cook kept a tavern In Hanover. The 
foregoing are evidently of three generations. Puring the Revolutionary 
period, Ellis Cook was very prominent In public affairs. He was elected 
a member of the Committee of Observation of Morris county, Januar>- 
9, 1775, and on May 1 he was elected one of the delegates for said 
county, they being vested with power of legislation, and to raise men, 
money and arms for the common defense. He served as a member of 
the Provincial Congress in May, June, August and October, from Mor- 



ris county, and was a member of the Committee of Safety which sat 
at New Brunswick from January 10 to March 2, 1776. At a meeting of 
the Committee of Safety on January 13, 1776, the Committee of Morris 
county applied to have Bllis Cook commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel of 
the Bastem Regriment of Militia in that county, and a commission was 
ordered to be issued to him accordingly. The Provincial Congress, 
which sat at New Brunswick in February and March of the same year, 
ordered that £1. 6s. 8d. be paid to Bills Cook, Esquire, in full of his 
account for removing the records in the Surveyor-General's office at 
Perth Amboy to New Brunswick. He was a member of the Provincial 
Congress of New Jersey which met at Burlington June 10, 1776, and 
which adopted the Constitution of New Jersey, July 2, 1776. On July 18, 
1776, he ^as appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the battalion to be raised 
in Morris county. He was elected a member of the Assembly for Mor- 
ris county in the years 1776, 1777, 1779, 1781-1792, and was appointed 
one of the Judges of the Morris county courts, 1793-1795. 

The will of Ellis Cook, of Hanover, Morris county, yeoman, dated 
March 11, 1756, was proved Aug. 31, 1756. He devises to William and 
Ellis, his two eldest sons, "all my whole estate. Plantation and mov- 
able estate," to be equally shared; to his sons Jonathan, Bpaphras and 
John, €10 each when 21. Executors— sons William and Ellis. Wit- 
nesses — Jonathan Squire. Thomas Bigelow and William Dixon. — N. J. 
Wills, Liber F., f. 404. No inventory is on file or of record at Trenton. 
It will be observed that he makes no mention of wife. Her tombstone 
in the Presbyterian churchyard at Hanover says: "Here lieth ye 
Body of Mary wife of Ellis Cooke Dec'd Aprtl ye 19 1754 Aged 38 
Years." This Ellis Cooft, b. 1703, was a son of Abiel* Abiel* EllisS of 
Southampton, L. I His mother was Martha Cooper. He m. Mary, 
dau. of John Williams. He removed about 1744-5, with his father- 
in-law, from Southampton to Hanover, Morris county. He seems to 
have had brothers Abiel, Samuel, Lemuel, Zebulon, Matthew, Abra- 
ham. He is said to have been killed at Fort Oswego, 1756. Issue: 

i. William, b. 17^54; m. Sarah Cocker, June 5, 1755. He 
wes the father of Captain Ellis Cook, mentioned 
above, who d. in 1832. William Cook (was he the 
same, or of a later generation) m. Margaret Cooper, 
Feb. 12, 1778. 
2. ii. Ellis. 

iii. Jonathan, m. Margaret Tappan, Nov. 30, 1757. 
iv. EJpaphreus, m. Sarah Smith, Oct. 4, 1762. Bpaphras 
Cook and Charlotte his wife were received into the 
Presbyterian church at Morristown, from the Han- 
over church. July 25, 1822, and were dismissed May 
4, 1829, to New York. He was doubtless of a later 
V. John, m. Sarah Parrott. .John Cook, of Pequannock. 
m. Jane Peer, of the same place, Oct. 14, 1772. Was 
this the son of Ellis? 
2. Ellis* EUis^ Cook, b. 1732. m. Margaret Griswould Cocker, (b. Dec. 
15, 1735), July 12, 1753; d April 7, 1797, in the 66th year of his age, 
according to his tombstone at Hanover; she d. March 15, 1777, aged 
41 years and 3 months. Her tombstone sets forth that 
Here lies one bereav'd of Life, 
A Tender Mother and a Loving wife; 
Kind to Relations & a faithful friend 
Happy in her beginning, no doubt so in her end. 
The veiy useful and distinguished career of Ool. Cook has been nar- 
rator above. He m. 2d, Lucy (Ely) PerkinS: who was received into 



membership In the Hanover church, Jan 12, 1791. His will, dated 
April 6, 1797, sets forth that he was at the time "infirm In body," 
which might be inferred from the fact that the instrument was proved 
on the 25th of the same month. In his will he provides that his wife 
Lucy should "furnish my son George Whitfield with clothing, &c., 
from her right of dower." He devises to son Jabez a tract of land 
"opposite my dwelling house, bounded by Mathew Kitchel, Samuel 
Merry, Passalck river and road, except a meadow; also my tract In 
Essex county joining Aaron Beach, Isaac Winans and others." Sons 
Zebulon, James and Ambrose "to share equally all the rest of my real 
estate, in Morris and Essex counties." To daughters Margaret 
Kitchel, Matilda Plumb and Rulatte Gregory, £10 each. "My son 
Ambrose to take my son George Whitfield and bring him up and in- 
struct him in the Practice of Physic, and Ambrose to be paid £25 
annually until George Whitfield is 21." Executors— Aaron Kitchell, 
Prudden Ailing, James Cook. Witnesses — (Dr.) John Darcy, William 
Cook, Epaphrus Cook The "Inventory of Coll. Ellis Cook Esqr,'' 
April D2, 1797, footed up £602, 14. 4, as appraised by Enoch Beach 
and David Bedford.— A'. J Wills, Liber No. 37, p. 228. Issue: 

i. Jabez. 

ii. Zebulon, b. March 22, 1755; m. Mary Jones, Feb. 15, 

1775; d. Dec. 12, 1810; she was b. May 20. 1758; d. 

April 14, 1830. 
iii. James, b. Mar 1^, 1700; m. 1st, Elizabeth P. Condit, 

Nov. 25. 17S1; 2d, Ruth Pierson, Aug. 3, 1786; he d. 

March 20, 1^36: he lived at Succasunna. 
iv. Ambrose. "Doctor Ambrose Cook and Miss Sally P. 

Wheeler" were married June 27, 1794. He d. in Mon- 
mouth county. 
V. Margaret, m. William Kitchell, of Hanover, 
vi. Matilda, m. David Plumb, Feb. 27, 1794. He was ot 

vii. Rulatte (called Lotta), m. William O. Gregory, Sept. — , 

1792; he was of Newburgh, N. Y. 
viii. Elizabeth, d. Sept. 30, 1780, aged 1 yr. 4 mos. 2 days, 
ix. George Whitfield, bap. 1790 or 1791. In accordance 

with the terms of his father's will he was brought 

up a physician, and practiced in Hudson, N. Y. 

Another Ellis Cook, of Bottle Hill (now Madison), m. Sarah Wort- 
man, Sept. 28, 1789. He was of Hanover when he made his will, April 
7, 1801, which was proved Aug. 5, 1807. In this instrument he gives 
to wife Sarah £60 in lieu of dower; to daughter Keziah Morris £70, 
New York money; to daughter Mary Miller, wife of John Miller, £70; 
to daughter Sarah Ward, wife of Israel Ward, £70; to grandson Ellis 
Morris, £J0, when twenty-one years of age; to grandson Ellis Thomp- 
son, £30; to "grandson Benjamin Cook, son of my son Benjamin, in 
fee, all houses, lands and tenements in Morris (bounty. If he shall live 
to twenty-one years, otherwise to be divided among surviving grand- 
children allowing two shares of the whole to the daughters or daughter 
of my son Benjamin Cook, deceased, and the remainder in equal 
shares among the children of my three daughters Keziah Morris, Mary 
Miller and Sarah Ward, share and share alike;" to "daughter-in-law, 
Sarah Cook, widow of my son Benjamin Cook, deceased, all the use 
of the real estate herein devised to her son Benjamin CJook, and to 
bring up the children of my said son Benjamin, deceased, during her 
widowhood; in case of her marriage, his executors to take charge of 



the same;" residue of estate to be divided among surviving children 
as they shall arrive at the age of twenty-one years. E!xecu tors— Sons- 
in-law Luke Miller, John Morris and Israel Ward. Witnesses— John 
Donlngton, Jonathan Richards and John Blanchard. A codicil, dated 
August 5, 1807, gives to wife Sarah £100 additional. Witnesses- 
Archibald Sayre, John Blanchard.— Iforris County WilU, Liber A, p. 
236. According to the late Prof. George H. Cook, State Geologist of 
New Jersey, this Ellis Cook^ of Bottle Hill, was a son of John Cook., 
of Southampton, and was 80 years old at the time of his death. He 
had a brother Obadiah, of Halseytown, Morris county, whose brother- 
in-law, Joel Halsey, was named as his executor in 1765. 

All tliese Cooks were descendants of Ellis Cook, m. Martha, dau. 
of John Cooper, who was one of the "undertakers" or settlers of 
Southampton, L. I.. 1640; d. 1670 at Southampton. Issue: 

John, Ellis, Marcha, Elizabeth, Mary, Abiel. 

Abiel had children: Josiah, Frances, Abiel 2d. 

Abiel 2d d. 1740 at Southampton, having had children: Abiel 3d; 
Samuel, d. at Shrewsbury, N. J., 1745; Ellis, b. 1703, d. 1756, who 
settled in Hanover, Morris county, as above stated; Phebe, Susannah, 

m. Barton, and lived with nephew Abiel in N. J.; Matthew, d. 

in N. J.; Zebulon, settled at Freehold, N. J.; Lemuel, Abigail, Anna. 

Abiel 3d m. Leonard; he located in Monmouth county In 

1720. Children: Abiel 4th; Sarah, m. Aaron Mattison, April, 1745; 

Nathaniel, m. Robins; Frances, m. Samuel Mount, 1755; 

Susannah, m. Imlay; Mary, m. Jonathan Lippincott, 1757; 

Phebe, m. Peter Dewitt, 1757; Abigail, m. Strickland. 

Abiel 4th, b. Nov. 15, 1723; m. Mary, dau of Samuel Thompson,. 
June, 1765; d. Jan. 24, 179V. Children: Sarah, William, Susannah,^ 
Samuel, Elizabeth, Nathaniel, Hannah, b. 1775, m. the Rev. Joseph 
Stephens, pastor of the Baptist church at Freehold, 1789-1793, d. 1817> 


The Kev. Samuel Cooke, a graduate of Caius College, Cambridge,, 
was appointed by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel In 
Foreign Parts to succeed the Rev. Thomas Thompson as mlssionary 
to the Episcopal churches in Monmouth county, and arrived there in 
September, 1751. He attended a Convention of the Episcopal clergy of 
Pennsylvania in 1760, and was recognized as an influential member of 
his denomination in New Jersey. He continued in charge of the Epis- 
copal churches in Shrewsbury, Freehold and Middletown until the Rev- 
olution. He sailed with the Rev. Myles Cooper and the Rev. T. B. 
Chandler, on May 24, 1775, for Bristol, England. On his return he took 
up his residence in New York, where he became a deputy chaplain t<y 
the Guards. In 1785 he settlsd at Frederickton, New Brunswick, a» 
the first Rector of the church at that place. In 1791 he was Commis- 
sary to the Bishop of Nova Scotia. He was drowned in crossing the 
river St. John, in a birch bark canoe, in 1795. His wife was Graham, 
daughter of Michael Kearny, of Perth Amboy; she d. at Shrewsbury, 
Sept. 23, 1771. His son perished with him. Lydla, his fifth daughter, 
died at Frederickton in 1846, aged 76; Isabella, bap. July 19, 1767, and 
the last survivor of the family, died at the same city in 1848. She 
was the widow of Col. Harris William Hales. 




Abraham Cottnam^ wa» licensed a» an attorney and counaellor-at- 
law of New Jersey at the November Term, 1746, of the Supreme Court. 
He married a daughter of Joseph Warrell, Attorney -General of the 
Province, 1733-1764. and In 1751 was deputed by him to prosecute the 
pleas of the Crown in Middlesex county. He married, second, by 
license dated June 11th, 1764, dizabeth Ann Pearce. She was a daugh- 
ter of Edward Pearce and Catharine, his wife, widow of Robert Talbot, 
and daughter of Jeremiah Basse, one of the last Governors of West 
Jersey. His residence was probably the place known as Doud's Dale, 
or "Downdale, near Trenton, on the Hopewell road," on the Penning- 
ton road, near Calhoun street, in the northern part of Trenton. By 
deed dated Nov. 6, 1766, Cottnam bought of Dr. Thomas Cadwalader, 
of Philadelphia, and wife Hannah, a tract of thirty-eight acres at 
Maidenhead, on the south side of Shabbacunk creek. — Liber T of Deeds, 
in office of Secretary of State, fol. 270. In the latter part of his life he 
removed to what Is now the northwest corner of Warren and Bank 
streets, Trenton, this property becoming, after his death, the Inn of 
Rensselaer Williams. His sons continued in the house at "Doud's 
Dale," and purchased it from the executors, by deed dated April 20. 
1779.— Liber AL of Deeds, f. 423. His will, dated December 16, 1775, 
proved February 12, 1776, appoints his wife Eliza Ann, the Honble Dan- 
iel Coxe, Esqre, his son-in-law Robert Hoops, and his son George Cott- 
nam, executors, with Wm Pidgeon as advisor. His eldest son, Warrell 
Cottnam, is bequeathed £30, to be laid out for him by the executors, 
in "fitting him to go to sea or for any other rational purpose," at the 
discretion of the executors; "but I beg and entreat my other children. 
If In their power, that they will not see him want the common neces- 
saries of life, but never to be security for him for any sum of money 
nor trust him with more money at a time, than will be sufficient for 
immediate subsistence." The will also mentions daughter Martha, 
wife of Robert Hoops, and niece Charity Lee. His son George receives 
"his mother's family pedigree roll by his mother's side being of the 
Bradshaw family." The wife is given all the books "that belonged to 
her mother, Mrs. Catherine Peirce," whose heiress -at-law she was. 
The will also devises the homestead, a meadow-lot of five acres, bought 
of Samuel Tucker at Sheriff's sale, and other land held on a long lease 
under a ground-rent of £3 per acre; also bequeaths personal estate: 
negro slaves, law books (at the house and also In the hands of 
Isaac Allen and Dr. John Coxe, claimed under will of Joseph War- 
rell, senior), pictures ("of my brother and of the Warrell family"), 
china, a gold watch, and a silver coffee pot. Witnesses — ^Wm. Pid- 
geon, Benj. Smith and R. L. Hooper. — W. J. Wills, Ldb. 17, fol. 295. 
Abraham Cottnam had two sons, Warrell and George. It is to be 
inferred from his father's will that the older son was irregular In his 
habits. The younger was licensed as an attorney. May, 1780. A com- 
pany of Hessian soldiers was quartered in the house of Warrell Cott- 
nam previous to their capture by Washington on December 26, 1776. 
The two sons occupied the paternal residence until 1779, when they 
sold it to Captain (afterwards Chief Justice) David Brearley. — Vroom's 
Supreme Court Rules; N. J. Archives, VII., 613; Ibid., XX., 248; Ibid., 
XXII., 76; Jbid., Second Series, I., 59, 79, 178, 382; Hall's Hist. Pres. 
Church in Trenton, 26^; Stryher's Trenton One Hundred Years Ago, 6; 
Stryker's Battles of Trenton and Princeton, 119. 




The Cowell family of Trenton came from Dorchester, Mass., where 
was born (1704) David Cowell. He graduated at Harvard in 1732, and 
was Installed, November 3, 1736, as the first pastor of the Presbyterian 
church of Trenton, where he continued until his death, at Trenton, 
December 1, 1760. He was prominent in the community and in the 
councils of his church, and appears to have been successful as a pastor. 
He left no issue. In his will, dated November 29, 1760, proved Jan- 
uary 24, 1761, the Rev. David Cowell makes his brother, Ebenezer Cow- 
ell, of New Bngrland, his residuary legatee. He also mentions nephew, 
David Cowell, student at Nassau Hall; sisters Anna Fisher and Martha 
Blake; Margaret, widow of brother Joseph, and now wife of Richard 
Fisher; Samuel Cowell and Olive Haws, children of said brother. 

Ebenezer Cowell, his resIdCary legatee, probably removed from New 
England to Trenton soon after this. Between 1765 and 1775 he acquired 
extensive tracts of land in West Jersey, Including a share in a Pro- 
priety of that Division, most of which lands he disposed of in the same 
period. In 1765 he appears to have been living at Changewater, Hunt- 
erdon county. He was a Deputy Surveyor of West Jersey In 1774, and 
in 1782-1784 was of the Committee (Council?) of the West Jersey Pro- 
prietors. He is designated in the conveyances as a "yeoman," or "sur- 
veyor." From other circumstances he appears to have been a smith, 
working principally on guns, swords, locks and perhaps surveyors' In- 
struments. In 1776 he advertised for gunsmiths, and offered to 
instruct others In the ar.t of repairing guns for the American army. 
He was engaged in this work during the iunerican occupancy of Tren- 
ton and vicinity, and employed many helpers, whom he paid out of his 
own pocket, often waiting many months before being reimbursed for 
his outlays, but did it gladly, for his love for the American cause. The 
British showed their resentment by ransacking his house when they 
entered Trenton after the famous battle at that place, December 26, 
1776. In 1791 he was living in Philadelphia. He returned to Trenton, 
where he died May 4, 1799. his will, dated February 27, 1799, being 
proved May 11, 1799. In this will he devises house lot in Trenton, ad- 
joining Doan's lot, a house and lot next to the preceding, lot on the 
south side of Market street, Trenton, an orchard lot of four acres in 
Trenton, house and lot In Springet lane, Philadelphia. Witnesses — 
Peter Gordon, A. Chambers, I. E. Spencer. His children were: 

i. David, graduated from Princeton in 1763; studied medi- 
cine in Philadelphia, and settled m Northampton, 
Bucks county, Penna. By deed, October 1, 1767, Eb- 
enezer Cowell, yeoman, of Trenton, conveyed to him 
503 acres in Knowlton township, Sussex county. West 
Jersey; on March 3, 1768, his father conveyed to him 
two houses and a lot in Trenton on the north side of 
Second street; also two other lots in or near Trenton, 
and a tract of 400 acres in Sussex county, on Paulin's 
Kiln. It is probable that soon after the last named 
conveyances Dr. David Cowell removed to Trenton, 
where he practiced until his death, of quinsy, Dec. 18. 
1783. For two years he was senior physician and 
surgeon in military hospitals in the American army. 
In his will, dated Dec. 17, 1783, proved Dec. 30, 1783, 
he mentions children of his brother Joseph, and his 
sister Sally. He gives £100 to Congress, if they will 
settle at Lamberton (a suburb of Trenton), £100 to 



the Collegre of New Jersey, and £100 to the Grammar 
School in Trenton. He was evidently unmarried, 
li. Ebenezer, of whom hereafter. 

lii. John, studied medicine, and served as a Surgeon of 
Militia in 1779. On the death of his brother David he 
advertised in the New Jirsiy Gazette "that he had been 
prevailed upon by the friends of his deceased brother 
to establish himself as a physician in Trenton." He 
died January 30, 1789, in his 30th year, according to 
his tombstone, as cited by Dr. Hall, but his will, not 
dated, was proved January 28. 1789, or two days be- 
fore his death. The date on the tombstone is evi- 
dently incorrect. In the will he names wife Mary, 
and children John and Mary, both under age. These 
children are also mentioned in the will of their grand- 
father, Ebenezer Cowell. In 1799. 
iv. Joseph, married Catherine Case, marriage license dated 
January 19, 1769; died at Trenton, Sept. 30, 1808. 
aged 63 years. 
V. Robert, died at Trenton, Juiy 5, 1808. 

vl. EXmice, died at Broadway, Warren county, N. J., July 
30, 1829, unmarried. In her father's will she was 
named as sole executrix. CH^er her grave, in the 
Mansfield cemetery, near Washington, N. J., is a 
large horizontal marble slab, inscribed with the date 
of her death, and her age, ^0 years, 
vii. Lois, twin sister of Eunice. The tombstone over the 
grave of Eunice states that it is in memory "also of 
Lois, twin sister of Eunice Cowell, who departed this 
life Septr. 9, 1793, whose remains were deposited in 
the grounds of the 2d Presbyterian church in Arch 
street, Philadelphia." 
vlii. Sarah, married Thomas Bowlby, doubtless a relative of 
John Bowlby, of Sussex county, who by deed dated 
July 12, 1765, conveyed to Ebenezer Cowell the right 
to 500 acres of unappropriated land in West Jersey. 
She d. April 16. 1826, In her 83d year. She Is buried 
beside her sister Eunice, in the Mansfield cemetery, 
near Washington, Warren county. Her husband d. 
Jan. 8, 1827, aged 82 yrs. 9 mos. 6 days; he was a 
son of John2 Thomas* Bowlby, and lived In Bethlehem 
towiiship, Hunterdon county. 
Ebenezer Cowell. 2d, having graduated from Princeton College In 
1766, studied law, probably with Abraham Cottnam, of Trenton, and 
was licensed as an attorney November 30, 1769. The notices of him In 
the records are scanty. On July 18, 1776, he presented a petition to the 
Provincial Congress, complaining that John Barnes, Sheriff of Hunter- 
don county, had refused to receive and execute two writs Issued under 
the authority of the people of the State of New Jersey. Barnes admit- 
ted that he was unwilling to recognize the validity of the new gov- 
ernment and was superseded. In joint meeting the Legislature on 
Septemeb 7, 1773, appointed young Cowell clerk of Hunterdon county. 
He died in Trenton, on the night of February 14-15, 1817. The fol- 
lowing notice of his death in the Trenton Federalist, of Feb. 17, 1817, 
suggests a sad ending of a once promising career: 

"Died. In this city on the night of the 14th Inst. Ebenezer Cowell 
Esq. formerly clerk of the pieas of Hunterdon Co. On the morning of 



















DANIEL COX B— First and Second 

the 15th he was found dead in the house, where he resided, and prob- 
ably perished in consequence of the severity of the weather." 

He was probably about seventy years of age. As he died intestate, 
Samuel Bowlby and Abner Parke were appointed administrators of his 
estate. Their inventory and appraisement, taken March 5, 1817, indi- 
cates that Cowell had not prospered greatly In this world's goods. 
The following is the list and valuation of his personal property: 

one Chest with Sundry Books and papers, 

Six Iron pots and Cittles, 

Three Jugs, 

Two Palls and 1 Saddle, 

Three Chairs, 

Two Tables and 2 Boxes, 

one Survayers Chair, 

a Lot of oald Tin and Iron, 

Half Barrel and Kug, 

Two pairs of Saddle Bags and 1 Bed Stid, 

Eight Volumes of the Statu of great Britain, 

77 10 
The inventory actually foots ud $79.20. No record has been found of 
the marriage of Mr. Cowell. On September 11, 1820, commissioners 
were appointed by the Supreme Court to divide the lands of Ebenezer 
Cowell, deceased, to wit: a tract conveyed Feb. 11, 1782, by Ebenezer 
Cowell the elder to Ebenezer Cowell junior: also a tract of land for- 
merly known by the name of Doud's Dale, beginning at a corner by the 
road leading from Trenton to Hopewell, etc., containing ten acres; 
and a lot adjoining the last described, containing three and a quarter 
acres, conveyed by Elizabeth Ann Cottnam, executrix, and Robert 
Hoops Esquire and George Cottnam, executors of Abraham Cottnam, 
Esq., deceased, June 25, 1775. unto Ebenezer Cowell, junior, in fee sim- 
ple. The lands were divided amongst John V. Cowell, Thomas Mitchell 
and Mary his wife, Sarah Bowlby, Eunice Cowell, the children of Dr. 
John Cowell, and the children and heirs of Joseph Cowell. John V. Cow- 
ell and Mary Mitchell were probably the children of Dr. John Cowell. 
Further genealogical details are supplied by a deed dated June 22, 1818, 
recorded in the Hunterdon County Clerk's office, Book 31, p. 100, from 
Thomas Bowlby and Sarah his wife; Eunice Cowell; John Cowell and 
Margaret his wife; Thomas Mitchell and Mariah his wife; Joshua 
Bmlen and Catharine his wife; Robert Goodwin and Mary his wife, 
Samuel Cowell and Margaret his wife, John Cowell and Margare this 
wife, and Sarah Jones, heirs-at-law of Ebenezer Cowell, senior, de- 
ceased — to Joseph Cowell (wife's name Deborah), one of the heirs. 
—West Jersey Wills, Lihcr 10, p. 589; Ibid., No. 27, p. 490; Ibid., No. 32, p. 
8; Ibid., No. 33, p. 455; Conveyances in Secretary of State's Office, Trcntou; 
Hall's Bist. Pres. Church in Trenton, passim; Wickes's Hist, of Medical 
Men of N. J., 219, 220; 2 N. J. Archives, I., 643; Cowell MSS., unpublished, 
in the collection of William Nelson; Minutes Provincial Congress, 513; 
Minutes Supreme Court. 

DANIEL COXE, First, Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth. 

The first Daniel Coxe of whom we have record was of Stoke Newlng- 
ton, England, and died in 1686.— Penn. Bist. Mag., VII., 317. 

He left a son, the second Daniel Coxe, born 1640 or 1641, died January 
19, 1730, in his ninetieth year. The latter was one of the most eminent 
physicians of his day, a prolific writer on chemistry and medicine, and 

81 vi 

DANIS2L. COX B— Second and Third 


was physician to Charles II., and afterwards to Queen Anne. AUhougrh 
he never came to America, he acquired large possessions In New Jer- 
sey, and was at least nominally Governor of the Province, 1687-1691. 
By sundry deeds, 1686-1691, Lrr. Coxe acquired from the heirs of Ed- 
ward Byllingre all their interest in West Jersey, together with the right 
of government, and thus became the largest proprietor in that division, 
owning twenty- two shares of Propriety, estimated at more than 600,000 
acres. He appointed Edward Hunloke to be Deputy Grovemor for him. 
Owing to various complications he conveyed, March 4, 1691, most of 
his West Jersey rights to a large number of citizens of London, who 
associated themselves together as "The West Jersey Society," which 
still exists, although its property has been long ago disposed of.— 
Smith's Hist. N. J., 190; Proceedings West Jersey Surveyors' Association, 
118-127; N. J. Archives, II., 10, 41-72; Proceedings New Jersey Historical 
Society, Third Series, VI., 129-135. Some of his published letters indi- 
cate that he was actuated by the highest motives in his conduct re- 
garding the people of West dersey.— Smith's Hist. N. J., 190, note; N. J-. 
Archives, II., 96. He also acquired title to a tract, imperial in its dimen- 
sions, lying between latitude 31 degrees and latitude 36 degrrees, and 
extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific, which he spent a fortune 
in exploring, his vessels being the first to ascend the Mississippi from 
Its mouth. This was called Carolana. He was a staunch Church of 
England man, interesting himself in establishing that church in West 
Jersey, near Cape May.— /'enn. Mag.. V., 114; VII., 317-26. 

The third Daniel Coxe was the Doctor's eldest son,^ and was baptized 
in London, August 31, 1673.— i 6., VII., 326. Although he joined with 
other proprietors in recommending Andrew Hamilton for Governor 
(N. J. Archives, II., 376, 410), he seems to have been a favorite of Lord 
Cornbury, whom he probably accompanied to America in 1702, and by 
whom he was appointed Commander of the forces in West Jersey.— 
N. J. Archives, III., 35, 42, 44. He was thereafter known as "Colonel" 
Coxe. He doubtless returned to England after a very short stay here, 
for in 1704 he was in London, waging a vigorous defense against the 
attacks of some of the New Jersey Proprietaries.— 76., 35. His answer 
is far more dignified and admirable in tone than their criticisms 
He regrets that ne had been proposed (entirely without his knowl- 
edge, he says) for the Council, and is entirely willing that some- 
one else shall be appointed. He declares that his father asserts 
that he had not conveyed all his lands to the West Jersey Soci- 
ety, but had reserved large tracts.— /&., 39. He had been recom- 
mended in 1702 by the Earl of Nottingham and by the Earl of 
Clarendon for a seat in the new Governor's Council of New Jersey. 
— N. J. Archives, II., 486, 502. Inl705 he was again recommended by Lord 
Cornbury, and notwithstanding the hostility of the Quakers he was 
appointed in 1706, and soon after sailed for America, when Lord Corn- 
bury appointed him one of the associate Judges of the Supreme Court 
of the Province.— 2^. J. Archives, III., 35, 78, 84, 125, 132; Vroom's Supreme 
Court Rules, 47. In the year following (1707), notwithstanding his hos- 
tility to Quakers in general, he made an exception in favor of Sarah, 
the presumably pretty daughter of John Eckley, a Quaker, of Philadel- 
phia, with whom he eloped, being married to her by Lord Cornbury's 
chaplain, who most opportunely happened to be on hand, "between two 
and three o'clock in the morning, on the Jersey side, under a tree by 
fire light." The gallant bridegroom was then a "fine fiaunting gentle^ 
maJi."^Wat80n'8 AnnaU, I., 50. Two days later (May 10, 1707) the young 
bride (she was but 17) was christened by the Rev. John Sharpe, the 
chaplain aforesaid.— Pemia. Magazine, XXIII., 105. On the arrival of 


DANIB^L COX E— Third and Fourth 

Liord Lovelace, in 1708, as Governor of New Jersey, Colonel Coxe was 
a«:ain named as one of the Council. — N. J. Archives, III., 316. He did 
not get alongr so well with Governor Hunter, at whose request he was 
removed from the Council In 1713. — lb., IV., 149, 182. He was elected to 
the Assembly in 1714, by the "Swedish vote" (N. Y. Col. Docs., V., 399, 
404), and again in February, 1716, from the county of Gloucester and 
from the town of Salem, both, although Sheriff William Harrison, of 
Gloucester, was accused of having resorted to sharp practice to secure 
his defeat, by removing the polls several miles from the usual place. 
Colonel Coxe declared to serve for Gloucester, instead of Salem, and 
being chosen Speaker, April 4, complained of Sheriff Harrison on the 
26th, and had the satisfaction of publicly reprimanding him, by order of 
the House. His triumph was short-lived, for Governor Hunter immedi- 
ately prorogued the Assembly until May 7. The Governor's opponents 
In the House appear to have purposely staid away, in the hope of pre- 
venting a quorum, but by May 21 the Governor's friends got thirteen 
members together, and having a quorum they elected John Kinsey 
Speaker, in the absence of Colonel Coxe, and then coolly proceeded to 
expel the Colonel and the other anti-administration members for non- 
attendance, declaring them, moreover, ineligible to re-election, and 
when some of them were notwithstanding again returned, they were 
again expelled. — MS. Minutes of Assembly in State Library, Trenton. Colonel 
Coxe sailed the ensuing July for England, where he agitated vigorously 
during 1717 and 1718 for the removal of Governor Hunter, and appears 
to have had some idea of securing the succession for himself. — N. Y. Col. 
Docs., v., 482; N. J. Archives, IV., 267, 299. While thus retired from offi- 
cial life, the Colonel directed his attention to literature, publishing in 
1722 a description of "Carolana," which was republished in 1727 and 
1741. — Stevens's Historical Nuggets, I., 199, 200. In this work he proposes 
a remarkably comprehensive plan for a Union of the British Colonies in 
America, much similar to that adopted 145 years later for the Dominion 
of Canada. Franklin commended it to the Albany convention of 1754. 
In 1725 he ran for the Assembly in Burlington, where the Sheriff adopted 
in his behalf the device of Sheriff H^-rrlson some years before in Glou- 
cester.— y. 7. Col. Docs., v., 767. In 1730 he received a commission as 
Provincial Grand Master for New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 
he being the first. on the Continent to be thus honored.— Hough' s Histor- 
ical Sketch of Free Masonry in Netv Jersey, prefixed to Grand Lodge Pro- 
ceedings, 1787-1857, VII. In 1734 he was again appointed, by Governor 
Cosby, to be third Judge of the Supreme Court, which office he held 
thereafter until his death.— Froom'« Sup. Ct. Rules, 47; Lewis Morris 
Papers, 48. He was a man of great business energy and enterprise. 
For several years prior to 1725 he was interested in the iron works on 
Black's creek. Burlington County.— fif«ran*'« Iron in All Ages, 2d ed., 1892, 
157. The lands conveyed to him by his father occasioned him no little 
trouble, and wt^en he asserted his ownership to the 30,000 acres and the 
15,000 acres in Hopewell and Maidenhead, he was threatened with 
assassination.—^. J. Archives, XI., 400, 431. Most of his life in Amer- 
ica had been spent at Burlington, but during his later years he 
lived at Trenton, where he died April 25, 1739, and was buried at St. 
Mary's Church, Burlington.— Hills'* Hist, of the Church in Burlington, 255; 
Dr. Hall'» Hist. Pres. Church in Trenton, 236. His wife died June 25, 1725, 
aged 36 years. 

The fourth Daniel Coxe was the Colonel's eldest son. He appears to 
have led an uneventful life, but few notices of him appearing among 
contemporary records. In 1746 he was named as one of the Burgesses 
In the first charter of the borough and town of Trenton.— Boofc AAA of 


DANIEL. C O X B— Fourth and Fifth 

Commiisiona, in Secretary of State's Office, Trenton, fol. 266. During: the 
rioting In 1747 he was naturally Identified with the Proprietary party.— 
N. T. Col. Does., VI.. 345. His will, dated January 25, 1750, names his 
wife, Abigail, daughter, Grace Coxe, and son, Daniel Coxe, the latter 
being evidently a minor at this time. The will was proven January 
21, 1758.— Lifter No. 8 of Wills, in Secretary of State's Office, Trenton, fol. 536. 
His "acting Executors," Abigail Coxe, Grace Coxe and William Pid- 
gean, advertised in the Pennsylvania Gazette, of Feb. 2, 1760, for sale, his 
plantation, Bellemont, where he had lived, comprising 1,320 acres, an 
the Delaware River, about twelve miles from Trenton, with a fine 
mansion, with four rooms on a floor, and fire places. Also "two 
Negroes, a Man and Woman." He controlled a ferry and a fishery at 
the same place. — N. J. Archives, XX., 175. He had a great deal of 
trouble with the settlers of Hopewell, about their title, which they 
claimed under a deed from his grandfather, but which he disputed. 
There was much litigation, and he said his life was threatened by the 
tenants whom he ejected. 

His son, the fifth Daniel Coxe, was probably born April 1, 1741. He 
studied law, and was licensed as an Attorney and Counsellor March 
20, 1761, and as a Sergeant Nov. 15, I112.—Yroom's Sup. Ct. Rules, 59, 54. 
In the fall of 1767 he sailed with his wife and his brother-in-law, John 
Tabor Kempe, Attorney-General of New York (who had married Grace 
Coxe), for England, where they managed to get their Carolana claims 
adjusted by accepting instead extensive grants of land In Western 
New York.— DMer'« Life of Lord Stirling, 89; Cal. N. Y. Land Papers, 467 et 
seqq. In a letter dated Burlington, January 14, 1771, to the Earl of 
Hillsborough, Gov. William Franklin recommends for two vacant 
seats in the Council "two Gentlemen, who are in every respect the 
best qualified to serve His Majesty in that Capacity of any I am at 
Liberty to mention. One is Daniel Coxe Esqr. of Trenton. . . . He 
was lately In England, and had I hear the Honour of being personally 
known to your Lordship. . . . He is a member of the Church of 
England." He was appointed by order of the King In Cauncll, May 1. 
ITJl.—N. J. Archives, X., 225, 273, 275. He took his seat In the Council at 
Burlington, Nov. 21, 1771.-/6., XVIII., 259-260. The minutes of the 
Council Shaw that after his appointment In 1771 he was regular and 
faithful In his attendance until the close of that body's existence in 
1775. — lb., XVIII., passim. He was a zealous Tory, and in a letter dated 
July 4, 1775, viewed with prophetic foresight the cruel plight to which 
such as he would be reduced. "What then have men of Property not 
to fear and apprehend, and particularly those who happen and are 
known to differ In sentiment from the generality? They become a 
mark at once for papular Fury, and those who are esteemed Friends 
to Government devated for Destruction.— They are not even allowed to 
preserve a neutrality, and passlveness becomes a Crime."— /&., X., 654. 
Even the burning of his handsome residence at Trenton by the British, 
during their pursuit af Washington In December, 1776 (5 American Ar- 
chives, II., 1376), did not Impair his attachment to the Rayal cause, for 
in 1778 he went to New York, where he remained till the close of the 
war, serving as Chairman of an Association of Refugees. Christopher 
Sower maliciously says he "was appointed to the chair to deprive him 
of the opportunity of speaking, as he has the gift of saying little with 
many words."— Sabine's Loyalists, I., 339. In June, 1779, he wrate to Jos- 
eph Galloway that he was confident the end of the Rebellion would 
come that Summer.— Fiat. Mag., June, 1862, 181. He married, June 5, 
1771, Sarah, daughter of Dr. John Redman, of Philadelphia.— Record* 
Christ Church, 2 Penn. Archives, II., 68. Dr. Redman was a surgeon In 



the American Army during the Revolution, and appears to have kept 
his dauerhter and her children with him much if not most of the time 
during the war. She was evidently in Philadelphia when Coze wrote 
to Galloway in 1779. In 1780 she was again with her father.— Petrn. Col. 
Record9, XII., 390. In December of that year- Coxe was Secretary to 
the British Commissioners appointed to receive and pardon repentant 
rebels, an office which proved a sinecure.— If oore'« Diary of the RevolutUm, 
n., 378. In his petition to the British government, dated March 13, 
3784, ior reimbursement for his losses sustained in the war, he says 
that * 'owing to his loyalty," on the advance of the British army into 
the Jerseys, in December. 1776, "he was obliged hastily to withdraw 
himself and family into Pennsylvania to avoid an intended appre- 
hension and imprisonment of his person. He left his dwelling 
house and estates in Trenton, completely furnished, as was his wont 
when he removed his; family to Philadelphia in the winter season. 
His houses, offices and estate were seized upon as quarters for the 
Hessian troops, who broke open his rooms, closets, stores and cellars, 
and every species of furniture, china, glass, liquors, etc., plundered 
and destroyed, or taken away, and the most wanton desolation com- 
mitted on Ills property and estate in and about the town, a great 
part of which was totally burned and destroyed." He remained in 
Philadelphia until the British took possession of the city, when he 
offered his services to Sir William Howe, under whose commission he 
soon afterwards acted as a magistrate of police, for which service he 
was allowed at the rate of £300 per annum, sterling. He also zealous- 
ly aided in raising a corps of officers and men called "The West 
Jersey Volunteers," from the refugees. He remained in Philadelphia 
until the evacuation by the British in 1778, and accompanied the army 
to New York, where he remained thereafter until the close of the war. 
"His wife and four children remained in Philadelphia, supported by 
the bounty of their friends and what little he could spare from his 
own allowance," until the summer of 1780, when they were banished 
thence, and joined him in New York, "at grreat hazard and peril." 
He acted on the Board of Associated Loyalists, "and at his own ex- 
pense procured and furnished to the commanders-in-chief a variety of 
useful intelligence." In June, 1781, he was appointed Assistant Secre- 
tary to the British commissioners for restoring peace to the Colonies, 
and in December following became a member, and as such remained 
on duty until the evacuation of New York, receiving a salary of 20s. 
sterling a day. "In April, 1783, at the desire of Sir Guy Carleton, he 
also acted as a member of the Board constituted by him for settling 
and adjusting matters of debt, &c., and in several other confidential 
trusts connected with the same Board, which existed to nearly the 
time he left New York." Scheduled in his losses were the mansion 
house, offices and lands in Trenton, about two acres, on Second (now 
State) street, £000 sterling: brick tenement, office and gardens in 
Lower or Water street, £300; another tenement, office and garden in 
Second street, £300; about four acres adjoining the town lots, £150; 
Busy Cottage, adjoining the above, 56 acres, £900; 26% acres on 
College road, about two miles from Trenton, £210; 20 acres wood and 
timber lot, on Maidenhead road, two miles from Trenton, £180; Bel- 
mont Farm, 507 acres, on the Delaware river, ten miles from Trenton, 
above the Tails, including ferry patent, £1800; 230 acres adjoining 
same, on Smith's Ford, £300; 495 acres, being his Trenton ferry estate 
and patent, Douglas farm and Lamberton, just below Trenton Falls, 
£4,800; also extensive tracts in Sussex end Burlington counties, and 



great tracts In Try on county. New York, etc., etc. His annual rents 
he placed at £3320. 6. OIH; bonds, furniture ard other personal 
effects, and property destroyed by the Hessians at Trenton, including 
what was afterwards sold by the New Jersey commissioners of 
forfeited estates, £1802. 9. 9%; loss of professional income as a law- 
yer, "calculated at £400 per annum on an average, from the usurpa- 
tion of the King's Government there in 1776, to 1784," £1920. Total, 
£40.267. 11. 6. On arriving in England he was allowed £200 per year, 
from Jan. 5, 1784, to be increased to £300 on the arrival of his wife 
and family. At the close of the war he went to England, whither his 
wife and children followed him, probably in 1784, as in 1783 she and her 
father and her children were given passports from Philadelphia to 
New York.— Pen». Col. Records, XIII., 551. She returned in 1806, to com- 
fort her aged father and dying mother. — Sabine's Loyalisia, I., 340. The 
Gentleman's Magazine announces the death of Mr. Coxe thus: "March 
10, 1826. In Upper Seymour-st., aged 87, Daniel Ooxe, esq." In 1828 
his widow brought suits In New Jersey for her dower rights in his 
property which had been confiscated, and recovered judgment there- 
for.— 2V^. J. Law Reports — 4 Halsted, 378; 5 Halsted, 328; 6 Halsted, 395. 
She died at Brighton, England, In 1843, aged ninety-one. — Sabine, I., 

Some Coxe Genealogical Details 

DanieP Daniel* DanieU Coxe and Sarah Bckley had issue: 

1. John*, named as one of the executors of his father's 
will, In 1739. He was admitted to the New Jersey 
bar as an attorney and counsellor at the March term, 
1735, and the Supreme Court records Indicate that he 
was a lawyer of much prominence, but evidently of 
a testy disposition. Illustrated by the fact that he 
threw up a case In chancery once, because, as he 
asserted, Governor Belcher, the Chancellor, was not 
disposed to give him justice. He was an extensive 
land owner, largely from his father. Among the 
properties held by him were the following: 257 
acres adjoining and surrounding Oxford Furnace, 
timber and wood, valued In 1784 at £308. 8s.; four 
lots adjoining the mansion house, at Trenton, one 
acre; a plot of two rods thirty-two perches adjoin- 
ing, bought by him Sept. 9, 1743, of Temperance 
Harrow, Anthony and William Morris; a quarter of 
an acre adjoining, bought by him of John Patterson, 
March 3, 1745. The will of John Coxe of Trenton, 
dated April 8, 1753, proved Aug. 8, 1753, names 
brothers Daniel Coxe and tVilliam Coxe; nephew 
Daniel Coxe, and niece Grace Coxe, children of 
brother Daniel; mentions that his father was de- 
ceased; leaves a legacy to Charles, "commonly called 
Charles Coxe," and names as executor brother Wil- 
liam Coxe and Robert Lettis Hooper. Witnesses — 
David Cowell, Joseph Reed and Moore Furman. — 
West Jersey Wills, Liber No. 7, p. 343. As he makes 
no allusion to wife or children, he doubtless died 
without lawful Issue, and probably unmarried. He 
was one of the counsel retained to defend the Rev. 



William Tennent, on his indictment for perjury, in 
1743. The Philadelphia Repository, of Feb. 14, isai, 
announces the marriage of Richard Coxe, son of 
Charles Coxe, Esq., of Sidney, N. J., and Miss Hen- 
rietta Sayre, of Philadelphia. Was this the Charles 
Coxe said in John Coxe's will to be "commonly so 

2. 11. William, b. 1723. 

Hi. Rebecca; prob. unm., as in the will of William Coxe, 
1801. he speaks of "my sister Rebecca Coxe." Id 
1784 she was "upwards of sixty years of age." 

3. iv. Daniel, m. Abigail . His will, dated Jan. 25. 1750, 

proved Jan. 21, 1758, names wife Abigail, and chil- 
dren Grace and Daniel, the latter evidently a minor. — 
Wills, Lib. No. 8, p. 536. His widow removed to Eng- 
land at the close of the Revolution, and in 1784 was 
residing at Brixton Causey, Surrey, EJngland. 
2. William* Daniel* Daniel^ Daniel^ Coxe, b 1723; m. Mary, dau. 
of Tench and Elizabeth (Turbutt) Francis; d. at Burlington, Oct. 11, 
1801, aged 78 yrs.; she d. Aug. 27, 1800, aged 70 yrs. He was engaged 
In mercantile business in Philadelphia for some years, and resided 
there when he was appointed Stamp Distributor for New Jersey, for 
the stamps to be issued under the obnoxious Stamp Act of 1765, but 
promptly and prudently resigned when his resignation was demanded 
by popular clamor. He was a vestryman of Christ Church, Phila- 
delphia, 1766-1768. The will of William Coxe, senior, of the City of 
Burlington, dated Dec. 27, 1800, proved Oct. 12, 1801, (the day after 
his death) speaks of "wife deceased," and children John D. (to whom 
"lands in Carolana, New York State," are devised), Daniel W., Wil- 
liam, Tench (who had removed to Lancaster, Pa.), Mary; John -Tabor 
Kempe and Grace his wife; Thomas Force and Susannah his wife; 
grand-daughter Rebecca C. Mcllvaine, and sister Rebecca Coxe. Ex- 
ecutors — sons John D., William and Daniel. Witnesses — ^Wm. Louden, 
George Aaronson and Charles Kinsey. In a codicil, Jan. 19, 1801, he 
states that his daughter (Mary) was Infirm, and he appoints his ex- 
ecutors to look after her affairs until she was well. In another .codicil, 
April 10, 1801, he mentions nephew, Wm. Tilghman; Edward Burd, of 
Philadelphia, had adv«anced money to Daniel W. Coxe, of Philadelphia, 
merchant, son of testator, and he makes provision to secure said Burd 
against loss.— 2Sr. J. Wills, Lib. No. 39, f. 385. Issue: 

I. John D.s, b. Sept. 29, 1752; m. 1st, Aug. 27, 1789, Grace 
Riche; 2nd, May 2, 1792, Mary Footman. (Elizabeth 
Coxe, dau. of John and Mary Coxe, d. Aug. 10, 1796, 
aged 1 yr. 6 mos. Was she a child of John D. Coxe?j 

4. ii. Tench, b. May 22, 1755. 
ill. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 9, 1756. 
iv. Ann. b. Jan. 9, 1758. 

V. Rebecca, b. Feb. 3, 1760; m. Samuel Witham Stockton; 
bap. May 20, 1818, prob. when supposed to be mor- 
tally 111. 
vl. Mary, d. Dec. 17. 1804, aged 43 yrs., unm. 

5. vii. William, b. May 3, 176?. 

viii. (?) Sarah, m. William Mannington, at Burlington, Feb. 
14, 1772. She is not mentioned, however, in the will 
of William Coxe, sen.; if she was his daughter she 
may have d. without issue before him. 



ix.-xii. Unknown. 

6. xiii. Daniel. '*13th Child of William & Mary Coxe, was bom 

at Philadelphia Septr 20th 1769, and baptized at 
Sunbun* in Bucks County, Januy 9th 1771" — accord- 
ing to the records of St. Mary's church, Burlingrton. 
3. Daniel» Daniel* Daniel* Daniel^ Coxe and Abigail his wife had 
issue : 

i. Grace*, m. John Tabor Kempe, of New York, Feb. 20, 
1766, by marriage license of Gov. Franklin; the mar- 
riage is recorded in Christ church, Shrewsbury; the 
bride is described as of Trenton. He was a native of 
England, and was the son of William Kempe. 
Attorney-General of New York, 1753-1759, and upon 
the death of the latter in July, 1759, was appointed 
to succeed him as Attorney-General, July 30, 1759, 
although he had been admitted to the bar of New 
York so recently as October 4. 1758. He was re- 
appointed Oct. oO, 1763, and May 27, 1768, retaining 
the office until the Revolution. Immediately on his 
appointment he went to England, with a view to 
obtaining a better establishment and support for his 
office. He became one of the proprietors of 100,000 
acres of land granted to Daniel, William and Rebecca 
Coxe, John Tabor Kempe and Grace his wife, in ex- 
change for the Province of Carolana, owned by Col. 
Daniel* Coxe. In November, 1775, he was on the 
British ship, the "Duchess of Gordon," in the harbor 
of New York. In February, 1776, he was on the ship 
of war, "Asia," in Raritan bay, and while there he 
wrote a poem of six stanzas, to greet Cortlandt 
Skinner. Attorney-General of New Jersey, who like 
himself had openly adhered to the British cause. He 
was attainted of treason in New York and New Jer- 
sey, and his property confiscated. His furniture was 
sold by him at auction, in New York, in June, 1783, 
doubtless preparatorj' to his removal to England. He 
had previously sent his family, consisting of eleven 
persons, besides servants, to that country. He was 
killed by being thrown from his carriage, sometime 
after 1791. His widow d. April 12, 1831, at Clifton, 
county Gloucestershire, England. He Is said to have 
letft several children, all of whom d. without issue. 
The Gentleman's Magazine, Vol. 61, p. 679, London, 
1791, contains this announcement: "July 12, 1791. 
At Stanstead. Hert.s, Capt. Stephen George Church, 
of the royal navy, to Miss Marie Kempe, eldest 
daughter of Jn. Tabor K. esq. of St. Margaret's 
place, in same co." His dau. Anne d. at Clifton, in 

7. ii. Daniel^ a miiK^r at the date of his father's will. In 

17B0. He came of age, April 1, 1762. 
4. Tench* William* Daniel* Daniel* Daniel* Coxe, b. May 22, 1755; m. 
1st, Catharine McCall, who d. s. p., July 22, 1778; he m. 2d, Rebecca 
Coxe, dau. of Charles Coxe. of New Jersey; she d. in Philadelphia In 
1806; he d. in that city, July 17, 1824. He studied for a time in the 
College of Philadelphia, and then entered the mercantile house of his 



father, where he remained until his majority, when he became a part- 
ner. When the British army invaded Pennsylvania, he joined them, 
and entered Philadelphia with them. For this he was charged with 
treason, but surrendered himself, and was discharged. He was elected 
by the Pennsylvania Legislature to the Convention which met at An- 
napolis, September 14, 1786, and in 1788 was elected to the Continental 
Congress. In May, 1789, he was appointed by Washington to be 
Assistant Treasurer of the United States; and in May, 1792, Commis- 
sioner of the Revenue, a position he held until the close of Washing- 
ton's administration. He seems to have been regarded with disfavor 
by Hamilton in 1795. In 1803 he was appointed by President Jefferson, 
Purveyor of the Public Supplies of the United States, which office he 
retained until it was abolished, in 1812. He was a close student of 
economics, and was active and efficient in promoting the study and 
patronage of domestic industries. At 20 years of age he became a 
member of the United Company of Philadelphia for Promoting Ameri- 
can Manufactures. He was also one of the founders of the Pennsyl- 
vania Society for the Encouragement of Arts and Domestic Manufac- 
tures, in 1787, of which he was President. He published at least 
thirteen essays on subjects allied with manufactures, political 
economy, etc., and his "View of the United States of America" (pp. 
513), the most valuable summary up to that time of the resources, the 
manufactures, and the possibilities of the country's development, pub- 
lished in Philadelphia in 1794, was republished in London and Dublin 
in 1795. He was a manager of the Pennsylvania Hospital, 1780-81; a 
warden of Christ church, Philadelphia, 1786-1787; a delegate to the 
General Conventions of the Protestant Episcopal church in the United 
States, in 1789. He was the father of Charles Sidney Coxe, b. July, 
1791; admitted to the bar in 1812; appointed a judge of the District 
Court for the city and county of Philadelphia, 1826, and reappointed 
in 1832. He m. Ann M. Brinton, in 1832, who died at a ripe age, hav- 
ing borne several children, the eldest being Brinton Coxe, b. in Phila- 
delphia, Aug. 3, 1833; d. at Drifton, Luzerne county, Sept. 15, 1892, 
and buried in St. Mary's churchyard, Burlington, where repose the re- 
mains of so many of his ancestors and kinsfolk. Mr. Brinton Coxe 
was a distinguished scholar, and was for several years President of 
the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

5. Williams William* Daniel^ Daniel^ Daniel^ Coxe, b. May 3, 1762; m. 
Rachael, dau. of Richard Smith, of Burlington; d. Feb. 25, 1831; she 
was b. Feb. 22, 1773; d. July 7, 1832. He was "a worthy vestryman" 
of St. Mary's church, Burlington. He is distinguished as the author 
of the first work on American fruits, published in this country, 
copiously illustrated. Its character and scope are fully set out in the 
title, which follows, with the collation: 

A view of the cultivation of fruit trees, and the Management of 
Orchards and Cider; with accurate descriptions of the most estimable 
varieties of native and foreign apples, pears, peaches, plums, and 
cherries, cultivated in the middle states of America: illustrated by 
Cuts of two hundred kinds of Fruits of the natural size; intended to 
explain Some of the errors which exist relative to the origrin, popular 
names, and character of many of our fruits; to identify them by ac- 
curate descriptions of their properties, and correct delineations of the 
full size and natural formation of each variety; and to exhibit a 
system of practice adapted to our climate, in the successive stages of 
a nursery, orchard, and cider establishment. By William Coxe, Esq., 
Of Burlington, New Jersey. Philadelphia: published by M. Carey and 



Son. Nov. 1, 1817. D. AlHnson, Printer. Pp. i-iv., 5-253; 15 pp. of 
plates. 8°. Sheep. 

The win of William Coxe, of Sunbury, Burlin£:ton township and 
county, dated January 15, 1822, was proved March 9, 1831. In it he 
mentions wife Rachel Coxe, and children "William S. Coxe and Richard 
S. Coxe, and appoints his wife and said two children executors. Wit- 
nesses—Daniel Ellis, Chas. Stockton, Franklin Stockton. He says he 
had joined with William Griffith Esqr of the city of Burlington (a very 
prominent lawyer) in paying debts due from Edward Shippen and 
AVilliam McMurtrie, and the trustees of his wife's estate having ad- 
vanced money, he (testator) to secure her from any loss, leaves her 
his entire estate.— Original Wills, Burlington Box, 1831. The will of 
Rachel Ooxe, of Burlington, "at present wife of Wm. Coxe of the 
same place and only surviving child and heir at law of Richard Smith, 
deceased," bears date March 2, 1827, and was proved July 25, 1832. 
She seems to have had a better recollection of her children than her 
husband had, for besides the two sons mentioned by him in his will 
she names "my four unmarried daughters" — Maria, Margaret, Ann and 
Harriet, "not all of age,"— Emily Mcllvaine (to whom she bequeaths 
$1,000), Elizabeth McMurtrie. and sons William S. and Richard S. 
Executors — husband William Coxe and sons William S. Coxe and 
Richard S. Coxe. Witnesses— Joseph Watson, Robert Thomas and 
William Bishop. By a codicil. March 31. 1831 (after her husband's 
death), she makes her two sons executors. Witnesses— Eldward 
Rogers, William Bishop, Thomas Dutton. Issue: 

i. Elizabeth®, m. William McMurtrie, June 1, 1811, in St. 
Mary's church. Burlington. Children (recorded in 
that church): William, buried Oct. 19, 1814; 2. 
Mariu. bap. Feb. 22, 1818; 3. Rachel Coxe, bap. 
March 28. 1820; 4 William Henry, bap. Sept. 8, 1822; 
buried Aug. 2, 1824; 5. Emily, bap. April 24, l«i25: 
Emily McMurtrie is named in her mother's will, 1827. 

8. ii. Richard Smith 

9. iii. William Smith. 

iv. Maria, b. Jan. 25, 1796; bap. Jan. 3, 1802; d. Aug. 1. 
1831; unm. "She 'walked with God; and was not for 
God took' her." says her tombstone in St. Mary's 
v. Emily, bap. Jan. 3, 1802, with Maria, both being in- 
fants. Emily was confirmed in St. Mary's church, 
June 23, 1819; she m. the Rev. Charles Pettit Mc- 
llvaine, Oct. 8, 1822: he was afterwards Bishop of 
Ohio, and d. March 12, 1873. She was bequeathed 
$1,000 in her mother's will, in 1827. Ch: Rebecca 
C(oxe), mentioned in the will of her grandfather. 
William Coxe, sen. 

vi. Margaret, bap. Aug 29, 1801; d. Aug. 30, 1801, aged 2 

years, 11 mos., 20 days, 
vii. Margaret, bap. Feb. 10, 1805; confirmed June 23, 1819; 

mentioned as unmarried, in her mother's will, 1827. 
viii. Anne, bap Jan. 1. 1807; d. Jan. 7, 1807, aged 15 mos. 

ix Ann. mentioned as unmarried, in her mother's will, 
1827. Anne Coxe m. the Rev. Chauncy Colton, Oct. 
15, 1832. 

X. Harriett e, bap. Mar 20 (?30), 1812; confirmed May 27, 



xi Daniel James, bap. April 16, 1815; d. Sept. 15, 1815, aged 
1 yr. 14 days. (So according to the church record, 
his tombstone says he d. Sept. 17.) 

7. Daniel* Daniel* DanieP Daniel* Daniel^ Coxe, b. April 1, 1741; m. 
Sarah, dau. of Dr. John Redman, of Philadelphia, June 5, 1771. His 
career to the close of the Revolution has been quite fully set forth 
above. He seems to have spent the last forty-three years of his life 
in England, in obscurity: d. March 10, 1826; his wid. d. at Brighton, 
England, in 1841. Dr. Redman, in his will, dated Nov. 9, 1807, proved 
March 24, 1808, mentions fPenn. Mag. 12: 375) the following children 
of his daughter Sarah, wife of Daniel Coxe: 

i. John Redman*, b. at Trenton, 1773; m. 1st, Mar. 6, 
1798, Sarah, dau. of Col. John Coxe, of Philadel- 
phia; 2d, Potts, dau. of Robert Potts, son of 

Thomas Potts, some time Governor of British Hon- 
duras; d. at Philadelphia, 1864; his wid. long sur- 
vived him, until 1890. 
il. Leonard Steel, 
iii. George, 
iv. Edward Plaisted. 
v. Ann Philadelphia. 
There may have been others. 

8. Richard Smith", William* William* Daniel* Daniel^ Daniel* Coxe, 

b. ; m. June 23, 1816, Susan Bradford, dau. of Judge William 

Griffith, of Burlington; d. at Washington, D. C, July 28, 1865. He 
graduated from Princeton. College in 1808; he read law, probably 
engaged in literary work after graduating, but finally settled down to 
the study of the law, daubtless with Judge William Griffith, and was 
admitted to the New Jersey bar as an attorney and counsellor at the 
May term, 1817. He had probably engaged in literary work after leav- 
ing college. His reading and studies took a wide range, especially In 
English literature. He was said to be the author of "A Dictionary of 
the English Language, by an American Gentleman." He may have 
assisted Burgess Allison in the preparation of his dictionary pub- 
lished at Burlington in 1811, and which was esteemed an authority of 
very high character for many years. He compiled the "United States 
Digest," in 1829. In 1830 he published the first of the series of New 
Jersey Equity Reports, which is known by his name, "Coxe's Re- 
ports,'' his material being largely obtained, it is stated in the preface, 
from his law-preceptor. He subsequently removed to Washington, 
D. C, and in the course of time was employed in more cases in the 
Supreme Court than any other lawyer in the United States. Many of 
his arguments and opinions were printed, as well as various occa- 
sional addresses, the latter especially being characterized by graceful 
and elegant diction. He delivered "An address the evening before the 
annual commencement of the College of New Jersey," Sept. 24, 1833, 
and an "Address before the Peithessophian and Philoclean Societies 
of Rutgers College," July 23, 1844. Kenyon College conferred upon 
him the degree of LL. D. in 1857. Issue: 

Susan Bradford, bap. (at St. Mary's church), April 11, 1819. 
There may have been other children. 

9. William-Smith« William* William* Daniel^ Daniel* Daniel* Coxe, 
b. at Burlington, April 16. 1790; m. November 3, 1825, Jane Eliza Bar- 
baroux, dau. of Jean Andre and Jeanne Marie Amareuth (Devau- 
celles) Barbaroux. of Burlington; d. at Philadelphia, July 20, 1837; she 
^' • He was graduated from Princeton College in 1807, studied 



medicine in Philadelphia, under Dr. Philip Syng Physick, and was 
firraduated from the Medical School of the University of Philadelphia 
in 1811, after which he spent several years in the practise of his pro- 
fession in Philadelphia. He returned to Burlington and practised 
there. He became a member of the Burlington County Medical So- 
ciety (organized in 1829) in February, 1830, and was elected a dele- 
gate the same year to the New Jersey Medical Society. On the day 
of his election to membership In the former society he offered a reso- 
lution, which was adopted, arging compliance with the law regulating 
the practise of medicine and surgery in this State, and which pro- 
vided for the prosttcution of persons practising without a license. In 
1830 he was elected by the State Society Censor of the Western Dis- 
trict, and reported in that behalf at the meeting in May. 1831. In the 
latter year he submitted to the County society a series of resolutions 
declaring that the society deemed it its duty "to discountenance, by 
precept and example, the consumption of ardent spirits by men In 
health, and to abstain from their exhibition as medicine when less 
dangerous stimulants can be conveniently substituted, and may be 
expected to prove equally eflflcacious." In 1832 he served as Vice 
President from Burlington county. He acted on a committee of the 
county society in 1832 to revise its constitution. He returned to 
Philadelphia, in 1832, where lie continued his practise, residing at No. 
16 N. Tenth street. He connected himself with St. James church, 
Philadelphia. His will, dated Feb. 6, 1836, was proved July 26, 1837. 
He gives to wife, Jane Eliza Coxe, all his estate in stock, with all in- 
crease at time of his decease; also all books, plate, and household 
furniture; in general, all real estate, personal and mix«d. He names 
his "dear wife Jane Eliza executrix, entreating her to implore divine 
direction and to seek the advice of judicious and pious friends that 
thus she may be assisted to manage her temporal concerns with pru- 
dence and to train up the dear children which have been entrusted 
to us In the nurture and admonition of the Lord." Witnesses — T. B. 
Wickersham, Uriah C. Van horn, David E. WIckersham. — Philadelphia 
Wills, Book 12, f. 552. The account of the executrix, filed Aug. 13, 
1838, mentions, among other expenditures; July 23, 1837, paid Mr. Col- 
ton, for tuition of sons, $50; Sept. 28. St. James church, pew rent, 
$15.65. Dr. Joseph Parrlsh, in his History of the Burlington County 
Medical Society, speaks of him as "the courteous and cultured Wm. 
S. Coxe." Issue: 

1. Edward De A''auce]le, bap. at Burlington, May 9, 1830. 

ii. Mary Amarlntha, bap. at Burlington, Oct. 30, 1831. 

ill. Richard Smith, b. July 23, 1833; bap. at St. James's 
church, Philadelphia, Nov. 16, 1834. 


William Coxe, appointed Stamp Distributor for New Jersey, under 
the obnoxious Stamp Act of 1765, was doubtless of Burlington, and 
hence probably owed the appointment to Gov. William Franklin* who 
resided there. Both belonged to St. Mary's Churcli, of that place. 
William Coxe was a son of Col. Daniel Coxe, 3d, who died at Trenton 
in 1739, and was buried at St. Mary's church, Burlington. The fact 
that the Stamp Distributor promptly resigned as soon as he perceived 
the temper of the people shows him to have been a man of excellent 
judgment, and apparently in sympathy with the American sentiment 
on the subject. He was probably the father of William Coxe» Jun., of 
Burlington, the author of a work on fruits, the first of the kind in 




Benjamin Crane. 3d, was born Nov. 29, .1761, son of Benjamin Crane» 
2d, ajid Phebe Halsey, his wife, dau. of Joseph Halsey, who lived be- 
tween Elizabethtown and Rahway. Benjamin Crane, 2d. and his wife 
lived In Westfield, now in Union county. Benjamin Crane, 3d, m. 
Sarah, dau. of Hezekiah Thompson, and lived in Westfield. Issue: 
1. John, m. Marj' Clark, of Westfield; 2. Abigail, m. David Keyt; 3. 
Esther, d. at 18 or 20 yrs., unm. ; 4. Hezekiah Thompson, m. Amanda 
Osborn; 5. Phoebe, m. 1st, Francis Randolph, son of Dr. Robert Ran- 
dolph; 2d, George R. King, of Warren county; 6. Charlotte King, m. 
Hedges Baker; 7. Nonis, removed to Cincinnati, O. ; 8. Jacob Thomp- 
son, d. at Cincinnati, Ohio, aged 35 yrs., unm.; 9. Benjamin, 4th, m. 
Ist, Electa Baker, b. Sept. 28, 1804, dau. of Daniel Baker; she m. 1st. 
Aaron, son of Noah Woodruff; Mr. Crane m. 2d, Mary, dau. of William 
Baker, jun., of Madison; Mr. Crane was a marble cutter, of Paterson, 
where he was regarded as a most estimable citizen during a residence 
of sixty years or more; d. Dec. 3, 1889; 10. David Johnson, m. Ann 
Eliza, dau. of Isaac Roll; 11. Moses Thompson, m. Eliza Scudder. See 
Littell's Passaic Valley Genealogies. 


The Crolius family is descended from Johan Willem Crollius, who, 
being a bachelor, from Nieuw Wit (probably Neuwied, near Coblenz, 
on the Rhine),. married Veronica Cortselius, spinster, also from Nieuw 
Wit, Jan. 30, 1724, in the Dutch Church, New York; both were from 
Germany, but were living within the jurisdiction of that church. He 
dropped his first name, and after his marriage appears in the records 
as Willem Crolius, though with many variations, according to the 
whims or the imperfect hearing of the clerks. William Crolyas, potter, 
was admitted as a freeman of New York City, March 18, 1728-9. He 
again had the freedom of the city granted him, Oct. 4, 1737. On the 
same day the burgher right was also granted to Peter Crolius, potter^ 
probably his brother, of whom, however, we have no further account. 

i. Johannes, bap. Dec. 23, 1733; m. Maria Clarkson. Chil- 
dren: 1. Willem, bap. Dec. 12, 1753; 2. Johannes,, 
bap. Dec. 28, 1755; m. Jane Morgan; he carried on 
the potter's business left to him by his uncle; lie was. 
an Assistant Alderman, in New York, in 1799; 3. 
Maria, bap. May 7, 1758; m. Garret Van De Water; 4. 
Elizabet, bap. Oct. 10, 1762; 5. Feronica, bap. Oct. 1, 
1764, m. William Sanford; 6. Ann, bap. Mar. 29, 1767; 
7. George Clarkson, bap. Oct. 28, 1770; 8. Clarkzon, 
bap. Oct. 17, 1773; m. Elizabeth Meyers, Oct. 8, 1793; 
he was a potter; he was an Assistant Alderman, New 
York, 1802-3-4. 

ii. Willem, bap. Sept. 26, 1731. He was a potter. In New 
York. He and his brother John were witnesses ta 
the will of John Remmi, of New York, "Pot Baker," 
Jan. 26, 1762. He was admitted to the burgher right 
o t'the city Sept. 1, 1770. He subsequently removed 
to Middle Brook, New Jersey, perhaps because his 
sympathies were with the Americans, rather than 
with the British, who were then in possession of New 
York city. He d. at Middle Brook, in 1779. William 



Crollus, formerly of the City of New York, but now 
of Middle Brook, Somerset County, New Jersey, be- 
ing "infirm." made his will January 26, 1778, which 
•.vas proved January 22, 1779. He mentions no wife 
nor children. He devises to his nephew John, son of 
his brother John, the rest of the term of the lease of 
those four lots situate in the out- ward of the City of 
New York, leased of George Janeway, with dwelling 
houses, shops, etc., and all his tools, etc., of the 
potter's business; to his brothers, John, Peter and 
George, the proceeds of sale of his other house and 
ground in New York City, near the Moravian Meet- 
ing House, in Fare street, and his lot and house in 
Middle Brook, New Jersey, and the rest of his estate. 
With a proper recognition of the pending struggle of 
ihe American people to secure their own freedom, he 
,->rovided that his slaves Tom and wife Venus and 
their children should be freed. He appoints as execu- 
tors his friend George Janeway, and his brothers 
John and Peter. Witnesses — Robert Manely, Benja- 
min Harris, jun., and William Wilcocks.— I/iber No. 
21 of N, J, Wills, f. 53. 

iii. Maria. 

iv. Petrus, bap Feb. 11, 1736; m. by license, Feb. 11, 1736, 
Mary Chambers. In the record of the baptisms of 
their children, however, her name is given as Lack, 
i\.och, or Lock. She was, perhaps, a widow when he 
vaarried her. Peter Crolius, cordwainer, was granted 
the burgher right, Oct. 1, 1765. Children: 1. Willem, 
oap. Nov. 27, 1763 (the child's paternal grandparents 
both witnessed the baptism); 2. Elizabeth, bap. April 
28, 1765; 3. Veronica, bap. June 22, 1766; 4. Mary,, bap. 
Nov. 13, 1768; 5. Elizabet, bap. Oct. 7, 1770; 6. Peter, 
bap. Nov. 8, 1772; d. in inf.; 7. Pieter, bap. Oct. 30, 
1774. Peter Crolius, son of Willem, and father of 
these children, Joined the Reformed Dutch Church of 
New Brunswick, by certificate, in 1778. 

V. Jurrie, bap. March 5, 1738; m. Catharina Coelbach, in 
1763 or earlier. This is doubtless the brother 
'George" mentioned in the will of William Crolius. 
As a matter of fact, "Jurrie" (pronounced Yury) is 
a contraction of Juriaan, the Dutch for Uriah. The 
Dutch equivalent of George is Joris, pronounced 


Alexander Cumming was born at Freehold, N. J., in 1726, son of Rob- 
ert Gumming, an immigrant from Montrose, Scotland, who was an 
Elder and Trustee in the old Presbyterian church in that vicinity, later 
known as the Old Tennent Church. He was educated under his mater- 
nal uncle, Samuel Blair, and studied theology with his pastor, William 
Tennent. He was licensed in 1746 or 1747, and spent some time in Au- 
gusta county, Va. He married Eunice, daughter of Col. Thomas Polk, 
of North Carolina. He was collegiate pastor with the Rev. Ebenezer 
Pemberton, of the Presbyterian church in New York, 1750-1753, after 
which he remained without a charge, partly on account of ill health, 
until 1761, when he was called to Old South, Boston, where he remained 
until his death, August 23. VJSZ.— Webster' a Hist. Prea. Church, 614. 




John Noble Cummin^ was born about 1752, son of Robert Gumming 
and Mary Noble. Robert Cummin^ was born in 1701 or 1702, in Mont- 
rose, Scotland, and came to this country at the age of eighteen years. 
He was the son of John Gumming, a lawyer of reputation. Robert 
lived in Newark about two years, and then removed to Freehold, Mon- 
mouth county, where in later years he held the office of High Sheriff. 
He married, first, Mary, daughter of Lawrence Van Hook, of Freehold; 
second, in 1746, Mary, daughter of John Noble (a merchant of Bristol, 
Bngland. nephew of Sir John Stokes, of Stokes' Gastle. Bristol), who 
came to New York about 1717, and married Gatharlne, daughter of 
Captain John Van Brugh. (Mrs. Catharine Van Brugh Noble married, 
second, the Reverend William Tennent, of Freehold, and died at Pitts- 
grove, N. J., in her eighty-second year.) Robert Gumming had chil- 
dren: By his first wife: (1) Alexander, pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church, in New York, and afterwards of the Old South Church, in 
Boston, where he died m 1763. (2) Lawrence, who lived and died in 
Freehold; (3) Mary, who, in October, 1758, married the Reverend Alex- 
ander Macwhorter, who had studied for the ministry at Freehold, and 
was aft^*wards pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Newark, 1759- 
1807. By his second wife: (4) Gatharlne, married the Reverend Philip 
Stockton, a native of Princeton, who settled in Sussex county; (5) 
Ann, married the Reverend William Schenck, of Huntington, L. I.; 
(6) John Noble; (7) Margaret, who died, aged 40 years, unmarried. 
Robert Gumming died at Freehold, April 15th, 1769, in his sixty -eighth 
year. — Alden's Epitaphs, 1039; N. Y. Oen. and Biog. Record. John Noble 
Gumming was grraduated from Princeton in 1774. — Princeton Oeneral 
Catalogue. He was commissioned First Lieutenant in Captain Howell's 
Company, Second Battalion, First Establishment, November 29 th, 1776; 
First Lieutenant, Captain Lawrie's Company, Second Battalion, Sec- 
ond Establishment, November 29th, 1776; Captain, Second Battalion, 
Second Establishment, to date November 30th, 1776; Captain, Second 
Regiment, Major, First Regiment, to date April 16th, 1780; Lieutenant- 
Colonel, Second Regiment, December 29th, 1781; Lieutenant-Colonel 
Commandant, Third Regiment, February 11th. 1783. and was discharged 
at the close of the war. — Btryker's Revolutionary Roster, p. 66. Soon after 
the war he appears to have settled in Newark, where, in 1787, he be- 
longed to Newark Lodge, No. 2, of Free Masons. He had previously 
been a member of Lodge No. 19, Pennsylvania registry, probably at 
Freehold. In 1786 he was elected Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge, 
which usually met at Trenton. He declined a re-election in 1791, owing 
to the inconvenience of getting there from Newark. — Hough's Free- 
masonry in New Jersey. In Newark he married Sarah, daughter of Jus • 
tlce Joseph Hedden, Jr., a prominent citizen, who was carried off by 
the British on the night of January 25th, 1780, and suffered such hard- 
ship in the New York sugar-house that he died from his ill-treatment 
September 27th, 1780. C*umming was a man of great business activity, 
and found plenty of enterprises to engage his attention. In 1793-4 he 
successfully executed a contract for the construction of the first race- 
ways in Patereon, for conducting the water-power from above the Pas- 
saic Falls to the mills below. For many years his principal business 
. was the management of extensive stage -lines and the carrying of the 
United States mails, between New York and Philadelphia, In connec- 
tion with which he owned several wayside taverns along the route. He 
was elected one of the Trustees of the First Presbyterian Church. In 



Newark, in 1798, the pastor being his brother-in-law, but as he lived in 
the upper part of the town — corner of Broad and Lombardy streets- — he 
took an active part in the organization of the Second Presbyterian 
Church, in 1809, being not only one of the first Trustees, but a generous 
contributor toward the erection of its house of worship. His son, the 
liev. Hooper Gumming, was the first pastor of the church, 1811-15. 
Among the notices of Colonel Gumming in the official records of New- 
ark, we find him elected Surveyor of the Highways, in 1787; Overseer 
of the Highways, in 1788; Appeal Commissioner, in 1790 and 1791; Vlce- 
ir^esident of the Newark Fire Association at its organization, in 1797. 
He was deeply interested in the Newark Academy, and in 1793 was one 
of the managers of the lottery raised for the completion of the build- 
ing. In 1796 he was elected a member of the first Board of Trustees, 
and served in that capacity for fifteen or twenty years, if not longer. 
He was one of the incorporators of the Newark Aqueduct Company, 
chartered in 1800, and was Vice-President and afterwards President of 
the company for a long time. In the act incorporating the Newark 
Banking and Insurance Company — Newark's first financial institution, 
and the first bank incorporated in New Jersey — in 1804 he was named 
as one of the commissioners to receive subscriptions to the stock, and 
he was one of the directors of the bank for many years — probably until 
his death. In 1811 he was a director of the Society for Establishing 
Useful Manufactures (at Paterson), of the Passaic and Hackensack 
Bridge Company, of the Steam Boat Ferry Company of New Jersey and 
New York, director of the Newark Turnpike Company (maintaining 
the road from Newark to Paulus Hook), and was connected with vari- 
ous other corporations of like character. In later years he was a Gen- 
eral of Militia. He was Vice-President of the New Jersey Society of 
the Cincinnati from 1S03 until his death. While at work about his 
farm on an intensely hot day. he was overcome by the heat, and died 
July 6th, 1821.— 2 N. J. Archives, I., 346. 


John Davenport was a son of the Rev. James Davenport, of South- 
old, Long Island. He was graduated from Princeton College in the 
class of 1769. He was ordained by the Presbytery of Suffolk, June 4, 
1775, and served the Congregation in Southold, Long Island, for two 
years. On the 12th of August, 1795, he was settled at Deerfield, New 
Jersey, but resigned in 1805, on account of failing health. He died 
July 13, 1821. 

Richard Devens was born at Charlestown, October 23, 1749. At his 
grraduation at Princeton, in 1767. he stood at the head of his class. 
For three years he was engaged in teaching in various schools in New 
York and New Jersey. In 1770 he was appointed tutor in the College, 
where he remained until 1774, when, in consequence of too close and 
intense application to his studies he became insane, and, so far as 
known, he never recovered his reason. 


Peter Dewitt studied theology under the Rev. Dr. John H. Living- 
ston, and was licensed as a preacher by the General Meeting of 
Ministers and Elders of the Reformed Dutch Church, in 1778. From 
1787 to 1798 he was pastor of the Reformed Dutch churches of Rhine- 
' beck, Rhinebeck Flats and Upper Red Hook, New York, and from 


DBWITT: B A K I N : £ A S T B U R N F A M I L T 

1799 to 1809 he was pastor of the churches of Ponds and WyckofC, 
Bergen county, New Jersey. He died in 1809. 


Samuel Eakin was grraduated from the College of New Jersey In 
1763, and received the degree of A. M. in 1766. He studied for the 
ministry and was ordained by the Second Presbytery of Philadelphia, 
in 1770. From 1773 until his death, in 1784, he was settled at Penn's 
Neck Presbyterian church in West Jersey, but rendered himself so 
obnoxious to the Tories by his zeal In the cause of American liberty 
that he was sometimes obliged to withdraw. He was the Idol of the 
soldiers. Wherever there was a military training, or an order Issued 
for the soldiers to march, he was, if in his power, always there to 
address them, and by his eloquence would excite their emotions of 
patriotism to the highest pitch. It Is related of him that he was so 
warm a Whig that he never entered the pulpit without imploring the 
Lord "to teach our people to fight and give them courage and perse- 
verance to overcome their enemies." Mr. Eakln was an extraordinary 
man, and, next to Mr. Whltefield, esteemed the most eloquent preacher 
who had ever been In the country. See Johnson's History of Salem, 


The grandparents of Robert Elastburn, who were Friends, came from 
England to America In 1714, and probably had several children, as 
numerous Eastburns appear In the records of Friends' Meetings In and 
about Philadelphia in the early part of the eighteenth century. 
Among the children was Robert Eastbum, who was b. In England In 
1710. He was m. in 1733 to Agnes Jones, of (Jermantown, in Friends' 
Meeting, to which he and his wife belonged. He continued with 
Friends until on one occasion he heard the celebrated George White- 
field preach, when he became one of his followers. Mr. Whltefield 
used to call him his "first fruit In America." A congrregatlon was 
formed— the Second Presbyterian, of Philadelphia — which called the 
Rev. Gilbert Tennent, of New Brunswick, to be their pastor, and Mr. 
Eastburn was chosen one of the first deacons. With about thirty 
tradesmen he marched north in the spring of 1756, toward Oswego, but 
when the party arrived at Captain Williams' Fort, near Oswego, on 
March 26, 1756, they were surprised by a party of Indians, and the 
next day Eastburn was captured by them, and carried a prisoner to 
Canada, suffering incredible hardships on the way. He was detained 
a prisoner by the Indians and by the French until July 23, 1757, when 
he was permitted to sail from Quebec to EIngland, and securing pas- 
sage thence to the Colonies arrived October 26, 1757, at Philadelphia. 
(In his account of his capture he gives the date of his arrival at New 
York as Nov. 21, and at Philadelphia as November 26. But his 
arrival at New York was chronicled In the New York and Philadelphia 
newspapers of October 24-28, 1757. See 2V. J. Archives, 20:144.) "The 
faithful Narrative of the many dangers and sufferings, as well as 
wonderful deliverance, of Robert Eastburn during his captivity among 
the Indians," printed at Philadelphia, by William Dimlap, 1758, is one 
of the rarest accounts of Indian captivities, and owing to Its interest- 
ing character, has been reprinted several times. He d. Jan. 22, 1778; 
his wife d. Sept. 27, 1784. Issue: 

1. Sarah, b. 1735; d. 1818. 
il. Hannah, d. 1773. 

97 vii 


iii. Thomas, prob. in. Rachel liupton, Dec. 1, 1783. 

2. Iv. Robert. 

V. John, d. 1806. Children: Sarah Eastburn and Maria 

3. vi. Joseph, b. Aug. 11, 1748, in Philadelphia. 

2. Robert" (Robert^) Eastburn located at New Brunswick before the 
Revolution, and seems to have been a prominent merchant there. His 
will made August 10, 1815, when he was "sick and weak," was proved 
August 29, 1815. The nunnerous bequests indicate that he owned a 
considei*able estate. He refers to his wife as deceased, and grives 
legacies to his children as follows: Robert Eastburn, $250; Thomas 
Eastburn, $775; Joseph EJastburn, $500; Marj' Ann, a certain interest 
yearly during life, the principal to be divided among her children at 
her death; Abigail Boyer, $104 per year, "if she does not live with her 
husband, Jaipcs Boyer"; grandson Robert Boyer, $100. Other legacies 
were left to Mary Taylor, $50, "for her care during the sickness of 
Robert Boyer, my grandson"; to Elizabeth Smith, $450, "the faithful 
nurse of my wife and myself"; William Jobs (son of William Jobs, of 
South Amboy), $25; to brother John's widow, $100; brother Joseph 
Eastburn to have the care of about $100 "to hand out as needed"; 
Susannah Hunt, daughter of Samuel Noe, of New York, $100, "she 
being a goodly woman, indisposed and poor in estate"; to Elizabeth 
Evans, $50. He directs that his house on Dennis street shall be rented 
or sold; to John Vial, $75, to be paid in small sums; to the Humane 
Society of New Brunswick, the interest of $300; towards building a 
Friends' Meeting House in New Brunswick, $200; to the City of Phila- 
delphia and to the City of New York, each $200, to be used in provid- 
ing a school for the education of white and colored children alike; to 
the New Jersey Bible Society, $50, to be paid John Neilson, Esquire, 
for the use of the Society; to Joseph Clark of Philadelphia, and Dr. 
Conover C. Blatchley of New York, each $50, to purchase religious 
tracts and circulate them; to charities in New Brunswick, $50. E!x- 
ecutors — my friends, William P. Deare and Dr. Augustus R. Taylor. 
Witnesses — ^Jona. C. Ackerman, Robert Dennis, J. W. Scott. In a 
codicil dated August 17, 1815, he gives $75 to the corporation for the 
relief of poor children in the City of New Brunswick; and $25 In 
addition to his previous legacy to William Jobs, son of William Jobs 
of South Amboy. The estate was appraised August 25, 1815, by Dower 
D. Williamson and Asa Runyon. The Inventory mentions cash de- 
livered to Executors by T. Eastburn, on sale of oil, $26.31. Among the 
debtors are William Jobs, on bond; David Allison, due bill for books; 
note due from John Metcalt, insolvent; note due from John K. Joline; 
due bill from Lewis Dunn; debt due from Jeremiah Parsell, 5th mo. 3, 
1815; Michael Pool, Feb. 11. 1806; Gideon Voorhees (Insolvent), 1807; 
Garret Nefie, 1808; Jacob Probasco. 1810; Moses Jones; John Dill, 6th 
mo. 27, 1814. It also mentions household goods, wine, contents of 
shop, etc., etc. Issue: 

i. Robert, m. ; eh.. Joseph. 

ii. Thomas. 

iii. Mary Ann, m. William Jones, Dec. 30, 1800. 

iv. Abigail, m. James Boyer; ch., Robert. 

3. Joseph, b. August 11, 1748; he followed his father to northern 
New York in 1756, and was taken prisoner at the capture of Fort 
Oswego, by the French and Indians. He had the good fortune to re- 
join his father while a prisoner in Canada, and they remained together 



thereafter during their captivity. On returning to Philadelphia he re- 
sumed his trade as a cabinet-maker; he m. Agnes Owen of that city, 
June 12, 1771, in the Second Presbyterian Church of that city; she d. 
June 21, 1811, aged 66 years. He performed two or three tours of duty 
in the Revolutionary War, and was at the Battle of Princeton, Janu- 
ary 3, 1777. At an early age his attention was turned towards religious 
subjects, and he was very anxious to go into the ministry, but owing 
to his lack of education was refused a license by the Presbytery. 
However, he was encouraged to take charge of prayer meetings in the 
Second Presbyterian Church, and proved so acceptable a speaker, that 
in 1805 he was granted a qualified license. He preached at New 
Brunswick frequently, between 1812 and 1815, on which occasions he 
was a guest of his brother at that place. Toward the close of 1819, he 
began to preach regularly to the mariners of Philadelphia, and a 
church was erected for such meetings, in which he officiated until his 
death, January 30, 1828. He had one son, Thomas, b. about 1772 or 
1773. Contrary to the wishes of his parents, he entered upon a sea- 
faring life and became commander of a merchant vessel. Losing his 
little property by the failure of a mercantile house, by which he was 
employed, he sailed from the West Indies as a passenger, for Phila- 
delphia, and on the voyage was instantly killed, his head being taken 
off by a cannon ball, flred from a French man-of-war; he was com- 
paratively young at the time of his tragic death. Having no children, 
Joseph, in his will, distributed his property among his nephews and 
nieces and various charitable objects, especially the Mariners' Church, 
over which he had presided for nine years before his death. 


Thomas Eaton was doubtless a grandson of Thomas Eaton, 1st, 
who came to America from Goodhurst, Kent, England, and landed in 
Rhode Island, where he married a widow, Jerusha Wing. About 1670 
he located in Monmouth County, N. J., where he built a grist mill on 
one of the headwaters of South Shrewsbury, in the present village 
of Eatontown, four miles west of Long Branch. He died November 26. 
1688, leaving his mill property to his widow in trust for their unborn 
child. John Eaton, his son, was born March 26, 1689. He married Jo- 
anna, daughter of Joseph Wardell, who lived at the present Monmouth 
Beach. He was elected to the Assembly in 1727, and was re-elected 
in 1730, 1788, 1740, 1743. 174i, 1745. 1746, 1749, serving continuously 
for twenty years. He sold the mill property April 26, 1716, to Gabriel 
Stelle. He died April 1, 1750. In his will, dated Dec. 2, 1745, proved 
May 11, 1750, he gives to his son Thomas £600 in money, also his "big 
Bible big Dlcksonary Nelsons Justice and my Sord and Pistils." To 
his son Joseph his "small gun, small Dlcksonary Church history and 
Conductter generall [Conductor Greneralis] and ten shillings in money." 
—E. J. Wills, E, 485. His widow made her will May 25, 1769; It was 
proved January 15, 1770. — Ih., K, 163. She d. January 1, 1770. Joseph 
Wardell, of Shrewsbury, in his will, dated May 5, 1733. proved May 30. 
1735, speaks of his daughter, Joanna Elaton. John Eaton's children 

were : 

1. Thomas, who lived on the paternal acres. In 1749 he was a mer- 
chant in New York. He was baptized in the Old Tennent Church, 
Monmouth County, in Old Shrewsbury, on profession of faith, August 
20, 1749. In 1754 he advertised for sale a lot of thirteen and a quarter 
acres, about a quarter of a mile from the centre of the township of 
Shrewsbury. A Thomas Eaton, perhaps his son, was living at Ellza- 
bethtown, where his first wife died, and several of his children, 



2. Joseph, a physician, -wlio died April 5, 1761, In his 44th year. The 
will of Joseph E^aton, of Shrewsbury, "Surgion," dated March 30, 1756, 
proved May 6, 1751, names his wife Lucy, and sons John and Thomas. 
Teetaitor "would have them educated by the direction of my brother 
Thomas Eaton and taught merchants accounts and would have 
them brought up to College if their part of the personal estate or 
income or lands should be sufficient but not to encumber said lands 
with any debts."— £?. J. WilU, G, 445. 

3. Valeria, married Dr. Joseph Le Conte, of Middletown Point. She 
and her husband joined the Old Tennent Church, May 4, 1744. He 
subscribed £10, March 16, 1749-50, towards the erection of the present 
meeting-house. He died January 29, 1768, in his 66th year, and is buried 
in the Presbyterian cemetery, near Matawan. His widow died in 1788, 
and is buried at Orange, where she had made her home for several 
years with her daughter Margaretta, the second wife of the Rev. 
Jedidiah Chapman, pastor of the Presbyterian Church at that place. 

4. Sarah, married Richard Tole, In Christ church, Shrewsbury, June 
25, 1761. 

5. Lydia, m. John Wanton, of Rhode Island, Aug. 12, 1750. 

6. Joanna, married, October 15, 1750, the Rev. Elihu Spencer, a Pres- 
byterian clergyman, who was temporarily supplying Shrewsbury and 
Middletown. She died at Trenton, November 1, 1791, aged 63 years. 
He died at Trenton also, December 27, 1784, in his 64th year. 

7. Elizabeth. She and her sister Joanna, both being * 'Young women 
grown," were "baptized on profession of their own Faith," August 5, 
1750, in the Old Tennent church. She m. Thomas Richardson. April 4, 

8. Margaret, married John Berrien, marriage license August 16, 1759. 
Child — Mary, who. m. Dr. Thomas West Montgomery.— Hia*. Monmouth 
County, 876; If. J. Historical Society Proc, V., 36; N. J. Archives, XIX., 
437; Hall's Pres. Church in Trenton, 288; Wickes's Hist. Medical Men of N. 
J., 242, 310; Wickes's History of the Oranges, 198; hist, of Old Tennent 
Church, Freehold, 1897, 122; Inscriptions in First Pres. Church Yard, 
Elizabeth, 106. 


The Rev. Isaac Eaton was a son of the Rev. Joseph Eaton, minister 
of the Baptist society at Montgomery, Pa. (about 20 miles northwest 
of Philadelphia). 1722-1744, and then of the New Britain church, which 
split from the former in 1744, until his death. Joseph was b. Aug. 25. 
1679, in Radnor, Wales, and came to America about 1686. His second 
wife, Uria Humphreys, was the mother of Isaac Eaton. Joseph at- 
tended monthly at Hopewell, during fifteen years of his ministry at 
Montgomery and New Britain. He d. April 1, 1749, and was buried at 
New Britain. 

Isaac Eaton, son of the Rev. Joseph Eaton and Uria Humphreys, was 
b. 1726, and studied divinity at Southampton, Bucks county. Pa., with 
the Rev. Oliver Hart, who was destined to be one of his successors at 
Hopewell. Mr. Eaton came to this church in April, 1748, and was or- 
dained its pastor on Nov. 29 ct that year. He remained in that charge 
for twenty-four years. The Rev. Dr. Samuel Jones, of Pennepek, Pa., 
who preached the funeral sermon, said: "The natural endowments of 
his mind; the Improvement of these by the accomplishments of litera- 
ture; his early and genuine piety; his abilities as a divine and as a 
preacher; his extensive knowledge of men and books; his Catholicism, 
&c., would afford ample scope to flourish in a funeral oration." Mr. 
Eaton opened a school at Hopewell in 1756, for the education of youths 




for the ministry, he bein? the first amon? the American Baptists to 

establish such a school. Many of his students became eminent in the 

ministry, and many more in other walks in life. The school wa;s closed 

in 1767. Mr. Eaton m. Rebecca Stout, by whom he had many children, 

some of whom d. youngr or unm. Joseph, David and Pamela grew up 

and married. Mr. Eaton also practiced physic, and was very helpful 

to the poor. He d. at Hopewell, July 4, 1772, and was buried in the 

meeting: house. At the head of his grave, near the base of the pulpit, 

the congregration set up a marble slab, suitably inscribed, with the 

verse appended: 

In him, with Grace and Eminence, did shine 
The Man, the Christian, Scholar and Divine. 

Yale College conferred upon him the honorary degree of A. M., and 

Princeton in 1766 did the same. — Edwards's Hist, of Baptists in Penna., 17, 

33, 60-52; in New Jersey, 47-50; Benedict's Hist, of the Baptists, I.. 572. 


Rowland Ellis was a schoolmaster at Burlington, by appointment 
of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 
from September 29, 1711, to March 17, 1738. He drew his passage 
money, £20, Nov. 13, 1711, and doubtless sailed soon after for 
America, By the favor of the government for the time being he was 
able to add to his revenue as school teacher, the fees of Naval Officer 
for West Jersey, to which post he was appointed Nov. SO, 1731. On 
Feb. 5, 1733-4, he was commissioned Clerk of the Court of Chancery. 
His tombstone in St. Mary's Churchyard, Burlington, states the term 
of his service as schoolmaster as above, and adds this scriptural quo- 
tation: "They that be teachers shall shine as the brightness of the 
firmament." It fails to state the date cf his death. He married Sarah 
Allison, April 17, 1715, in St. Mary's Church. She was buried in that 
Churchyard July 18, 1760. Issue: 

i. Margaret", b. Sept. 17, 1716; bap. Nov. 1, 1716; m. Fret- 
well Wright, of Burlington, mar. lie. Aug. 2, 1738. 
Children: 1. Peter, bap. Jan. — , 1742; also the fol- 
lowing, all bap. Sept. 11, 1754, with their father, in 
St. Mary's Church, Burlington: 2. Jonathan; 3. Ellis; 
4. William: 3. Isaack. 
li. Richard, b. July 18, 1718; bap. Aug. 26, 1718. 
ili. John, b. June 1, 1720; bap. June 19, 1720. , 
iv. William, b. Sept. 25, 1722; bap. October, 1722. 
V. Joseph, b. Sept. 23, 1724; bap. Dec. 21, 1724; he d. intes- 
tate, and letters of administration were granted on 
his estate to John How, Oct. 29, nSb.—N. J. Wills, 
Lib. 27, D. 14. 
2. vi. Daniel, b. Feb. 5, 1727-8; bap. March, 1727-8. 

vil. Rowland, b. Aug. 16, 1734; bap. May, 1735; he became 
insolvent in 176B; letters of administration were 
granted on his estate, Nov. 3, 1797, to Hannah and 
James Ellis.— 2^. J. Wills, Lib. 37, p. 68. 
vili. John, b. Sept. 18, 1736; bap. Dec. 26, 1736. 
ix. Thomas, b. January 13. 1738-9; bap. Feb. 1738-9; d. in- 
testate, and letters of administration were granted 
on his estate, Aug. 12, 1793, to Martha EHlis; Amos 
Sharp, bondsman, all of Burlington county. — N. J. 
Wills, Lib. 33, p. 50. 
2. Daniel- (Rowland^) Ellis, born February 5, 1727-8; m. Bathsheba 
; d. September 1, 1794; she d. June 8, 1795, in the 65th year of 



her a«re. He was appointed Deputy Surveyor of the Western Division 
In 1763, and qualified as follows: 

"Daniel Ellis— Being duly sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty 
God, Decided that ho would well and truly Execute the Office of 
Deputy Surveyor of the Western Division of New Jersey & would 
observe and keep such Reasonable Instructions as should be by the 
Suyveyor Generall under his hand Given him to the best of his knowl- 


"Sworn before me this Twenty-sixth day of February, 1753. 


This oath of office is recorded in Book S, of Surveys, page 97, in the 
Surveyor General's Office at Burlington. In 1762 he was elected a 
member of the Council of Proprietors of West Jersey, according to the 
following entry in Book A of Minutes of the Council of Proprietors, 
page 264, in the Surveyor General's Office, at Burlington: 

"May ye 5th, 1762. 

"The Council of Proprietors met according to their usual custom & 
It appearing by the return from the County of Burlington that George 
Reading Esqr, Abraham Heulings, Jos. Hollinshead, Daniel Ellis and 
William Heulings was chosen for said County & that John Ladd, John 
Hinchman, Daniel Cox Esqr & Samuel Clements Junr. for the County 
of Gloucester. 

"And the Persons appearing was 
John Ladd Esqr. 
Abraham Heulings 
John Hinchman 
Daniel Coxe Esqr. 
George Reading E^sqr. 
Daniel Ellis 

Saml. Clements Junr. & 
William Heulings 

"Who proceeded to the Choise of their Officers and chose 

John Ladd President 

Abraham Heulings Vice Prest 


William Heulings Clk." 

He began to buy land at a very early date. John Childs and the 
rest of the West Jersey Society, by Lewis Johnson, their attorney, 
conveyed to Charles Read, Esquire, of the City of Burlington, for £48, 
eight hundred acres of unappropriated land to be taken up and sur- 
veyed in West Jersey, said conveyance being dated January 25, 1755. 
On February 3, 1755, Read, for the consideration of £40, assigned this 
deed to Joseph Holinshead and Daniel Ellis, both of the City of Bur- 
lington. — West Jersey Deeds, Liber M., pp. 440-442. By deed dated 
August 9, 1755, Thomas Gardiner, chairmaker, of the City of Burling- 
ton, conveyed to Daniel Ellis, of the same place, for £30, 1128 acres of 
land in Gloucester County, "beginning at a twin cedar standing by a 
creek called Attsionk, being the bounds between Burlington and 
Gloucester counties, and marked T. G.; thence south 41 degrees, W. 
85 chains to a cedar marked T. G. E. standing by a branch of the 
Mullekeys river called Mechescatuckzing thence down sd branch to 


a Creek called Sleepy Creek," etc. — West Jersey Deeds, Liber M, p. 430. 
On September 10 following, Thomas Gardiner and Daniel Ellis re- 
conveyed said premises to Charles Read, for the nominal consideration 
of 5s., and a yearly rent of £4. 10s. — West Jersey Deeds, Liber Y., p. 
113. By deed dated September 6, 1755, Daniel Ellis bought from Fllo 



Leeds, of Burlington county, for the consideration of £2. 16s., 56 acres 
to be surveyed In any part of West Jersey, below the falls of the Dela- 
ware. — 26., Liber P., page 336. On June 9, 1760, William Coxe, of the 
City of Philadelphia, Gent., conveyed to Daniel Ellis, John Munroe and 
Joseph HoUinshead, all of Burlington County, 1700 acres of unappro- 
priated land to be taken up and surveyed in West Jersey; considera- 
tion £95. — Ih., Liber Q., page 318. Thomas Shaw appointed Daniel 
Ellis, of the City of Burlington, New Jersey, his attorney, the instru- 
ment being dated May 16, 1757. — Ih.. Liber N., page 397. By deed 
dated May 18, 1767, Joseph HoUinshead and Susannah, his wife; 
Abraham Heulings and Rachel, his wife; John Lawrence and Martha, 
his wife, and Thomas Rodman, all of the city of Burlington, conveyed 
to Daniel Ellis and others. Esquires, Justices of the Peace of Burling 
ton county, and Timonty Abbott and others, chosen freeholders of said 
county, for the consideration of £106 12s., "all that lot of land in the 
City of Burlington situate on Broad Street beginning at a corner to a 
street 25 ft wide, then runs along Broad Street N. 83 deg. B. 186 ft to 
land late of John Craige's, then S. 15 deg. E. 77 ft to the lot of land 
where the Secretary's Ofilce stands," etc., for a goal. — Ih., Liber Z, p. 
178. John Hoskins and Daniel Ellis were on July 13, 1767, appointed 
trustees for the insolvent estate of l/cvi Murrell, saddler, of the City 
of Burlington. — lb.. Liber X, p. 395. To complete this transaction, 
Sarah Murrell, wife of Levi Murrell, resigned her claim for 5s., on the 
same day. — lb., Liber X, p. 397. Joseph Perkins, of Willingborough, 
Burlington County, assigned all his real and personal estate, by deed 
dated July 14, 1767, to Daniel Ellis, William Smith and Joseph Fenni- 
mkore, as Trustees for his creditors. — lb.. Liber X, p. 328. John Shaw, 
an insolvent debtor, made an assigrnment of his estate on June 8, 1767, 
to Abraham Hewlings and Daniel Ellis, both of the City of Burling- 
ton, for the benefit of his creditors, his wife Elizabeth Shaw, releas- 
ing her claim to her husband's estate the same day. — lb.. Liber X, pp. 
284-386. Joseph HoUinshead, of the City of Burlington, being about to 
"reside out of the Province for sometime," appointed Thomas Rodman 
and Daniel Ellis, his attorneys to sell lands, etc., said instrument be- 
ing dated September 24, 1767.— /ft.. Liber W, p. 496. On August 10, 
1772, Daniel Ellis and his wife, Bathsheba, of the City of Burlington, 
for the consideration of £110, conveyed 100 acres of land in Chester 
township, Burlington county, to .Joseph Worrington, of Chester 
township, Burlingtcn county, and Daniel Walton and Thomas Wal- 
ton, of Philadelphia county. Pa., said tract bounding on lands of 
Darling Conaroe, Hudson Middleton, William Fennimore and William 
Ivins. --/&., Liber Y, p. 535. He was one of the managers of St. 
Mary's Church lottery, in 1762.— :»r. J. Archives, XXIV., 42. Complaint 
was made against him, Sept. 22, 1762, by Anthony Woodward, to the 
Governor and Council, probably for some act as Justice or as sheriff, 
but that body, after hearing all the evidence produced, two days later 
unanimously decided that the charge, whatever it was, was not sup- 
ported. — lb., XVII., 319-320. In 1764 he was sheriff of Burlington 
county. — lb., 379, 412. He was appointed in 1765 to be one of the 
managers and commissioners for a proposed road leading from Perth 
Amboy to Burlington.— /6., 590. In 1767 (August 21) Gov. Franklin 
appointed him one of the Justices of the quorum of Burlington county. 
-lb., XVII., 455. At the beginning of the Revolution, Mr. Ellis' sym- 
pathies with the American cause were a matter of question by his 
neighbors, and accordingly, at a meeting of the Council of Safety, on 
Tuesday, April 8, 1777, he "was summoned to appear before the Board 



& to take the oaths to Government, did accordingly appear, and refus- 
ing to take the Oaths, was indulged at his request until Friday next, 
in order to provide Sureties for his appearance at the next Court of 
General Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the County of BurJlngton." 
On Friday, April 11, he "entered into recognizance with Abraham 
Hewllngs his surety, in £300 each &c., as above." — Minutes, pp. 16, 20. 
He held the oflice of township clerk from 1763 to 1779, and from 1782 
to 1791. — Hist, of Burlington and Mercer Counties, p. 126. His tombstone 
in St. Mary's churchyard, Burlington, has this elaborate tribute to his 

Sacred | to the memory of ] Daniel Ellis, Esq. | who departed this 
life i In full Assurance of Faith | in the great Atonement of | Jesus 
Christ I the 1st Day of September 1794 | In the 67 Tear of his Age i 
Universally esteemed and as | Universally lamented. 

Faithful to his God without ostentation 
Upright and Just in all his dealings 
Benevolent and Compassionate his 
Diberality and Charity was Extended 
to all 

We therefore piously hope he is now 
Enjoying the Happiness resserved for 
The pure in Heart with his Saviour 
In the Realms of unfading Bliss. 

His wife's tombstone is more simply inscribed: 

Widow of Dan'l Ellis, dec'd. 
in the 64th year of her age. 

To the memory of | Bathsheba Ellis 
who departed this life | June 8th, 1795 

Beneath this Stone the dust is plac'd 
of her who living was possess' d 
of cheerful sympathizing mind 
of love to God and all mankind. 

The will of Daniel Ellis, dated January 8, 1793, proved September 10, 
1794, gives to his wife Bathsheba, £1000 at her own disposal, and the 
use of the house where he then lived, with its furniture, and a meadow 
by London Bridge (Burlington), during her natural life. To his chil- 
dren, Samuel, Micajah, Charles and Rowland, each £1200, which they 
had respectively already received; to his son Daniel, the Interest of 
£1200 for his lifetime, and then to the testator's surviving children; 
to his son Richard, £1200, on arriving at the age of twenty-one. He 
provides that his negro woman called Pender, shall be set free and 
receive £15 and articles in her room; also that his negro woman 
called Tenah shall be set free when twenty- three; he gives £15 to St. 
Mary's Church as a fund to pay an Orthodox minister. He provides 
that Maria Howe, wife of John Howe, shall have a deed made to her 
for household goods, lands, etc., to fulfil a trust. His executors were 
also directed to make deeds for lands surveyed by him In Gloucester 
county; they were also authorized to sell and convey all his lands, 
proprieties an J unlocated lands to any persons. He gave to the 
Council of ProprlGtors for their own use, his book that had the ac- 
count of the General Proprietors stated. Executors — Sons Micajah 
EJlis and Charles Ellis. Witnesses — ^Edward Collins, Israel Tomkln 
and George Sweetman. — N. J. Wills, Liber 33, p. 450. His widow did 
not long survive him. Her will, dated May 26, 1795, was proved June 
15, 1795, at Burlington. She gives to her sons Rowland and Kills 
"£1,000 I am entitled to under the will of my late husband, Daniel 
Ellis, and all money due me from my late mother also deceased, which 
in £60. In hands of my son, Charles Ellis;" to three daughters in law, 
Nancy Bloomfield, Sarah Ellis and Mary Ellis, all her wearing apparel, 
to be equally shared; to Agnes Treat, wife of Dr. Samuel Treat, her 



gold watch. Executors — sons Rowland and Richard Ellis. Witnesses 
—William Orr, Thomas Adams.— A^ J. Wills, Liber No. 35. p. 209. 
Daniel Ellis and Bathsheba his wife had issue: 

1. Joseph^, bap. May, 1755; d. Oct. 7, 1785, "after a short 
Illness;" he was buried Oct. 9, 1785. 

il. Micajah, m. Sarah ; d. March 20, 1813, in his 43th 

yr.; she d. Dec. 2. 1836, aged 72 yrs. Children— 1. 
Micajah S., d. Sept. 2, 1819, In his 24th yr.; 2. 
Bertha S., m. Dr. Davidson, and survived him, dying 
April 5, 1878, aged S4 yrs. 

iii. Charles, b. Feb. 12, 1767; m. Mary ; d. June 17, 

1842; she d. May 27, 1830, aged Hi yrs. Child: 
Daniel C, d. January 8, 1862, in his 70th year, 
iv. Martha, b. May 27, 1769; bap. July 2, 1769; burled Nov. 

13, 1772. 
v. Rowland, ••5th child," buried Aug. 15, 1770. 
vi. Rowland, b. July 8, 1771, bap. at Burlington, Aug. 21, 

vil Richard, b. Aug. 13, 1773; bap. Aug. 22, 1773; twin with 

viii. Sarah, b. Aug. 13, 1773; bap. Aug. 22, 1773; buried Aug. 
25, 1773. 
ix. Rowland, b. Nov. 5, 1774, at Burlington; m. Hannah 

; d. Feb. 6, 1845. 

X. Daniel, d. Dec. 22, 1859, in his 80th yr. 
xi. Samuel. 
There was another Rowland Ellis among Friends in Philadelphia or 
vicinity. He was from Bryn Mawr, near Dolgelly, North Wales. — 
i*a. Mag., 4: 324-5. Ellis Ellis, of Haverford, Pa., in his will, dated 
1705, names Rowland Ellis as executor. — Philadelphia Wills, Book C, p. 

There was still another Rowland Ellis, of Boston, in New England, 
1776-1807, a descendant of John Ellis, Jr., who came to Plymouth in 
the Mayflower. 


Jacob Eoff, senior, was one of the German Palatine emigrants who 
arrived lat New York in 1710, when he was aged 32 years. In 1742 he 
boug'ht from Dr. Lewis and Mary Johnstton a tract of 432 acres, at 
Pluckamin, and built a subs'tantial house, where he kept tavern. He 
gave the sMe for the erection of St. Paul's Lutheran church at Pluck- 
amin, in 1756, and £20 in money. He was a member of the vestry of 
Zion Lutheran church of New Germantown in 1767. The Provincial 
Council of Safety ordered, July 22, 1777, that he and other citizens of 
Somerset County should be apprehended and brought before that body 
to take the oath of allegiance to the State. His will, dated Aug. 12, 
1772, was proved Sept. 10, 1780, wh.ieh would seem to indicate that he 
was more than 100 years old at the time of his death. His children werel 
1. John; 2. Peter, Innholder; 3. Garret; 4. Jacob, bap. Jan. 19, 1728; 
5. Abraham, bap. Oct. 25, 1730; 6. Robert, bap. May 24, 1741; d. 1814; 
7. Cornells, bap. Dec. 18, 1743; 8. Christian, tavern keeper; 9. Mary 
Magdalen; 10. Mary; 11. Catharine.— Tfte Early Germans of New Jersey, 
by Theodore Frelinghuysen Chambers, Dover, N. J., 1895, 351; Story of 
an Old Farm; Hist. Hunterdon and Somerset Counties; Minutes Council of 

Robert Ersklne, son of the Rev. Ralph Erskine, of Dunfermline, 
Scotland (who is buried in Dryburgh Abbey), was born September 7th, 



1735. In 1771 or 1772 he came to America, to act as manager for the 
London Company's extensive iron mines at Ringwood, Charlottes- 
burgh, &c., in the upper part of the present Passaic county, in which 
position he proved to be a man of excellent capacity, and thoroughly 
devoted to the interests of his employers. But as early as 1774 he was 
in active sympathy with the colonists in their opposition to the op- 
pressive measures of the British ministry. In the summer of 1775 he 
organized a military company, composed of men employed at the iron 
works. This was done, primarily, to keep the men together, and at 
work, but he tendered their services to the province, whereupon the 
Provincial Congress commissioned him Captain, and enacted that his 
men should be exempt from compulsory service in any other company. 
Subsequently, when Washington passed through the Ringwood valley, 
on his way from the Hudson river, he made the acquaintance of Ers- 
kine, and finding him an accomplished civil engineer, and, moreover, 
thoroughly acquainted with the country west of the Hudson, he caused 
him to be commissioned, July 27th, 1777, Geographer and Surveyor- 
General to the American Army, in which position he made a series of 
maps, still preserved, showing the topography of the country, and 
every stream, road and house from the Hudson river, westerly, to 
Ringwood, and from Jersey City to Cornwall. Erskine died October 
2d, 1780, and is buried at Ringwood, his grave being marked by a slab 
of gray marble, suitably inscribed. In communicating the fact of his 
death to Congress, Washington spoke of him as "that useful and val- 
uable officer."— Sparks, VII., 107. The Marquis de Chastellux, in pass- 
ing through the Ringwood valley, stopped at Mrs. Erskine's, December 
19th, 1780, and found "a very handsome house, where everybody was 

In mourning. Mrs. Erskine, his widow, is about forty and does not 

appear the less fresh or tranquil for her misfortune." — Travels in North 
America, I., 347. Erskine's grave and monument were restored a few 
years ago by Abram S. Hewitt, they being near his country house at 
Ringwood. Erskine's letter-books and accounts with the London Com- 
pany are in the library of the N. J. Historical Society. — Proceedings 
N. J. Historical Society, for May, 1869; Historical Sketch of Passaic 
County, 1877; 2 N. J. Archives. I., 114. 


The best sketch of the Rev. Nathaniel Evans is that by the Rev. 
William Smith, afterwards Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, 
and which is prefixed to the talented young missionary's poems: 

"The author of the following poems was bom in the city of Phila- 
-ielphia, June 8th, 1742 ; and was sent to the Academy .there, soon after 
it was first opened, and before the Collegiate part of the Institution 
Was begun. Having spent about six years in Grammar Learning, his 
parents, who were reputable citizens, designing him for Merchandize* 
put him Apprentice; but not finding either his genius or inclination 
leading him much to that profession, he devoted more of his time to 
the service of the Muses, than to the business of the Counting-House. 
Soon after the expiration of his apprenticeship, he accordingly re- 
turned to the College, and applied himself, with great diligence, to the 
Btudy of Philosophy and the Sciences, till the Commencement, May 
80th, 1765; when, on accounc of his great merit and promising genius, 
he was, by special Mandate of the Trustees, upon the recommendation 
of the Provost and Faculty of Professors, complimented with a 
Diploma for the degree of Master of Arts; although he had not taken 
the previous degree of Bachelor of Arts, on account of the Interrup- 
tion in his course of studies, during the term of his apprenticeship. 



Immediately after the Commencement he embarked for England, 
carrying with him recommendations to the Society for propagating 
the Gospel In foreign parts, as a fit person to supply the new Mission, 
then proposed to be opened for Gloucester county. In New-Jersey. 
Upon the Society's nomination, he was admitted into holy orders by 
the present Lord Bishop of London, Dr. Terrick, who expressed great 
satisfaction in his examination, and particularly in the perusal of an 
elegant English piece which he composed in a few minutes, upon a 
Theological question, which he was desired to give his sentiments 
upon. He returned from England, and landed at Philadelphia, De- 
cember 26th, 1765; having had for his fellow-passenger (among others) 
the worthy and ingenious Lady, to whom many of his pieces are 
addressed. Upon his arrival, he entered immediately upon the busi- 
ness of his Mission; and alas! but just lived long enough to shew, by 
the goodness of his temper, the purity of his morals, the cheerfulness 
and afCability of his conversation, the sublimity and soundness of his 
doctrines, and the warmth of his Pulpit Compositions, how well he 
was qualified for the sacred office, to which he had now wholly de- 
voted himself. He died October 29th, 1767, lamented by all that knew 
him; and by none more earnestly and affectionately, than by his own 
Congrregations, whom he had not yet served two years." 

Mr. Evans is said to have attended a Moravian boarding school at 
Germantown, which was opened in 1746. While in London he seems 
to have formed a lasting friendship with William Strahan, the book- 
seller, who, writing April 7, 1766, to David Hall, the Philadelphia 
printer, sends his "best compliments to Mr. N. Evans." "Tell him I 
received his letter from Dr. F. for which I thank him, and shall take 
his advice."— Pewn. Mag. of Hist, and Biog., X., 99; XIX., 110. The 
present writer has found no record of Mr. Evans's baptism or 
parentage. His poems were published with this title and imprint: 
Poems 1 on | several occasions, with | some other tjompositions. I By 
Nathaniel Evans, A. M. | Late Missionary (appointed by the Society 
for Pro- I paguting the Gospel) for Gloucester County, | in New- 
Jersey; and Chaplain to the Lord Vis- | count Kilmorey, of the King- 
dom of Ireland. | Philadelphia: | Printed by John Dunlap, in Market- 
street. I M.DCC.LXLII. I 8vo. Pp. xxviii, 160, 24. Size of type-page, 
3%x6 inches. Title, 1 leaf. Prefatory sketch, [iii]-x. List of Sub- 
scribers, [xi]-xxviii. Poems, 1-160. The Love of the World incom- 
patible with the Love of God: a Discourse on 1 John II., 15, 16, 17. 
Title, 1 leaf; To the Members of the Congregration of Gloucester, 
dated Haddonfleld, April 18, 1766, pp. 5-6; Discourse, 7-24. It was 
probably printed separately, with a half title (pp. 1-2). The list of 
subscribers foots up 970 copies subscribed for, of which 461 were taken 
by booksellers, 150 going to two dealers in Charleston, S. C, indi- 
cating some special influence thereabouts, to secure so large a sale 
in advance of publication. The list of individual subscribers includes 
a very large number of prominent people in New York. New Jersey 
and Pennsylvania, as well as many in the remoter Colonies, so far 
north as Quebec and Nova Scotia, and south to Barbadoes, and a 
goodly number abroad, among the latter being Oliver Goldsmith, Esq; 

It may be added that his father was Edward Evans, who d. near 
Gloucester, Oct. 21, 1771; "a Gentleman of exemplary Piety and 
Virtue," says the Pennsylvania Chronicle, Oct. 14, 1771. His remains 
were taken to Philadelphia "and decently interred in Friends' Burying 
Ground," indicating his religious affiliations during his life. 




The Ewing family of New Jersey is descended from Finlay Ewing, 
a Scotch Presbyterian, who left Scotland, with his wife Jane, during 
the religious oppressions, and settled in Londonderry, Ireland. For 
his bravery at the battle of Boyne Water, in 1G90, he was presented 
with a sword by King William III. His son, Thomas Ewing, born in 
Londonderry, came to America, in 1718, on account of the troubles in 
Ireland, and settled at Greenwich, now in Cumberland County, N. J. 
He there married, in 1720, a granddaughter of Thomas Maskell, of 
England, who had married Bythia Parsons, in Connecticut, in 1658. 
(Thomas Maskell, 2d, their son, was one of the grantees, in April, 1717, 
of the site for the Presbyterian Church at Greenwich.) Thomas Ew- 
ing's oldest child was Maskell Ewing, born in 1721; he married Mary 
Paget, of English descent, in 1743. She proved herself a thorough 
housekeeper, and a helpmeet in every sense of the word. Maskell at- 
tained to much prominence in his neighborhood, being appointed to 
various local offices, and in 1757 was appointed Sheriff of Cumberland 
County, from which he retired in 1760. He was commissioned, March 
12, 1762, one of the Surrogates for West Jersey, holding that office until 
1776. He is said to have been County Clerk also, and Judge of the Com- 
mon Pleas. He died in 1796. He had ten children, among them 

1. Maskell, 2d, born January 30, 1758. He was elected Clerk of the 
Assembly before he was twenty-one, and removed to Trenton for the 
greater convenience of attending to the duties of the office, which he 
retained for twenty years. He was Recorder of Trenton for some 
time. In 1803 he removed to Philadelphia, and in 1805 to Delaware 
County, Penn., representing the latter county in the State Senate of 
Pennsylvania for six years. He died August 26, 1825. 

2. James, the youngest son, married Martha Boyd, whose father 
came from the North of Ireland in 1772 and settled in Bridge ton, where 
he died the year after. James Ewing was a member of the famous 
"Tea Party" which, on the night of Thursday, December 22, 1774, de- 
stroyed a quantity of tea which had been landed at Greenwich, con- 
trary to the Articles of Association of the Continental Congress. He 
was elected to the Assembly from Cumberland County in 1778, and 
liked the atmosphere of Trenton so well that he took up his residence 
there the next year, 1779. He engaged in mercantile business, and for 
a short time was a partner of Isaac Collins, the printer of the New 
Jersey Gazette. For several years he was one of the Commissioners of 
the State Loan Office. He was the author of an ingenious "Colum- 
bian Alphabet," an attempt at a reformed system of spelling, which 
he explained in a pamphlet published at Trenton in 1798. He was Mayor 
of Trenton, 1797-1803. He died October 23, 1823. His ouly son, Charles 
Ewing, born in 1780, was Chief Justice of New Jersey, 1824-1832, dying 
in office. — Hall's Hist. Pres. Church in Trenton, 363; Genealogy of Early 
iSettlcrs of Trenton and Ewing, by Rev. Eli F. Cooley, Trenton, 1883, 64; 
tJlmer's Cumberland County; Elmer's lit miniscinccs, 326; N. J. Archives, IX., 
359; X., 532. 


Peter Fauconier was a great favorite with young Lord Cornbury. 
and when the latter was commissioned Governor of New York and 
New Jersey, in 1702, he at once arranged with Fauconier to supply 
the troops with clothing. He came to America in the household of 
the newly appointed Governor, in 1702, and on that account was Im- 
mediately made a freeman of the city of New York, by the corpora- 
tion, June 27, 1702. He is therein designated "Gentleman." The cloth- 



Ing contract had been transferred to one J. Champante, but Pauconler 
was appointed one of the commissioners to examine the clothing sup- 
plied by Champante. It is not surprising to find that his opinion wag 
unfavorable. This led Champante to write to the Lords of Trade, 
Mardi 22, 1702-3, in self-defence, and In criticism of Lord Cornbury and 
Fauconier, the latter being characterized as "a Frenchman and a 
bankrupt here tho' now thought by his Lordship to be the properest 
manager of Her Majesty's revenue there." Lord Cornbury did indeed 
regard him as "an excellent accountant," and accordingly selected 
him, in 1704, to audit Lord Bellomont's accounts as Governor. In 1705 
he recommended him for Collector and Receiver General of New York. 
"He is one of the best accomptants that ever I knew, he Is a Man of 
very great application to and diligent in business, And I "have by ex- 
perience found him a very honest Man, he has been Naval Officer ever 
since I came into this Province, which he has executed with the ut- 
most diligence, and has taken pains to acquaint himself very well with 
the Laws of Trade." Fauconier once rejected a bribe of £50 offered to 
influence his action as Naval Officer. He was regarded as the "Chief 
Manager of affairs" in New York, in 1707, by his and the Grovernor's 
enemies. There was some trouble between him and the Assembly 
over £500 which had been paid him for the erection of a fort on the 
Indian frontiers, but he boldly challenged an inquiry into his accounts, 
and produced vouchers showing that he had disbursed £2,000 on this 
account. Being Receiver General of New Jersey also, the Assembly 
denianded his accounts, in 1709, which he promptly presented, from 
December, 1704, to December, 1708; but he firmly declined to produce 
his vouchers, on the plea that they were under the control of the 
Governor. Gov. Robert Hunter did not have the same confidence in 
his accounts that Cornbury had expressed.— He was largely interested 
in real estate speculations, and it was charged that he was a patentee 
in "all the grants for lands that are good and valuable." He was 
concerned in extensive tracts in Ulster, Albany and Kings Counties. 
His familiarity with land patents, and his experience as a collector of 
revenue, led him to recommend in 1709 the survey of the line between 
New York and New Jersey. In that year he bought of William Davis 
a tract of 2,424 acres of land on the east of Hackensack River. Peter 
Sonmans having secured the Indian deed for the Ramapo tract, Nov. 
18, 1709, took out a patent therefor, which on Dec. 10, 1709, he conveyed 
to Peter Fauconier, Lucas Kierstead, Andrew Fresneau, Ellas Boudinot 
and others. On April 25, 1710, they caused the tract to be surveyed, foi 
42,500 acres, beginning at 'the "Big Rock," four or five miles northwest 
of Paterson, and embracing most of the northwestern portion of the 
present Bergen County. It is probable that Fauconier settled on the 
"Ramapo Patent," as it was called, within a few years after the date 
of this deed, and in the neighborhood of Paramus. To encourage the 
establishment of a church there he made a written offer, Dec. 26, 1730, 
to give a site for- a Reformed Dutch Church. When the people decided 
to build they voted that "Peter Fauconier ^all have seats for himself 
and wife for a continual possession for themselves and their heirs." 
His earliest religious affiliations were naturally with the French 
Church, in New York. Madelalne Fauconier, his wife, was a witness 
at a baptism there, Nov. 21, 1703. He had three children (perhaps 
more), probably all bom before his coming to America: 

i. Madelalne, m. Pierre (or Peter) Valleau, and lived at 
or near Paramus, Bergen county. (For some account 
of her children, see Valleau.) 
li. Theodorus. 

iii. Jeanne £}llzabeth. b. 1699; m. 1st, August 12, 1725, in 



Christ church, Philadelphia, Robert Assheton. of a 
Lancashire (E^^land) family; he was a Supreme 
Court Judge and Provincial Councillor of Pennsyl- 
vania; "he d. suddenly, in 1727. She m. 2d, April 8, 
1729, the Rev. Archibald Cummings, Rector of Christ 
church. Philadelphia, who d. in April, 1741. She m. 
3d, his successor in that Rectorship, the Rev. Robert 
Jenny, who d. January 6, 17^2, aged 75; she d. six 
days later, in her 64th year, and is buried with her 
third husband in Christ church. 


John Fell was the senior member of the firm of John Fell & Co., mer- 
chants in New York, at least as early as 1759, when they had several 
armed merchant vessels plying the seas. He continued in New York 
for some years thereafter. Subsequently — Just when is not known — 
he purchased a tract of 220 acres, being 32x69 chains in area, at or 
near Paramus, in Bergen county. He called the place Petersfield. 
probably in imitation of Colonel Philip Schuyler's Petersboro, opposite 
to Belleville. The name Petersfield was doubtless, however, suggested 
In honor of some relative of John Fell, perhaps his father. From the 
beginning of the Revolution he took a most positive stand in favor of 
his country, serving with great energy as Chairman of the Bergen 
County Committee, in which capacity he gained the reputation of 
being "a great Tory hunter." He was a member of the Provincial 
Congress which met at Trenton in May, June and Augrust, 1775, and 
of the Council in the first State Legislature, in 1776. On the night of 
April 22d, 1777, he was taken prisoner at his house by twenty- five 
armed men, who hurried him to Bergen Point, where Colonel Abraham 
Van Buskirk was in command of the British forces. The two men had 
been well acquainted before the war, and when Fell was brought be- 
fore Van Buskirk the latter remarked: "Times have changed since 
we last met." "So I perceive," replied the prisoner. Van Buskirk, 
however, assured him that on account of their previous acquaintance 
he would give him a letter to General Robertson, in New York, with 
whom he was well acquainted, and this letter would doubtless insure 
him proper treatment. Fell was sent to New York and confined in the 
provost lail, where he was treated with such severity that the New 
Jersey Committee of Safety offered to release James Parker and Walter 
Rutherford in exchange for John Fell and Wynant Van Zandt, on Oc- 
tober 16th, 1777. This proposition not being acceded to, the committee, 
on November 17th. 1777, ordered that Parker and Rutherford be com- 
mitted to the Morris county jail until Fell and Van Zandt should be 
released. General Robertson does not appear to have seen Fell until 
December 8th following, when he called upon him at the jail. Fell 
gave him the letter of Colonel Van Buskirk, which he read and then 
handed back, with a curious smile, to the prisoner, who found that 
the purport of the letter was that "John Fell was a great rebel and a 
notorious rascal." But it happened that General Robertson and Fell 
had made each other's acquaintance years before, after the capture of 
Quebec, during the French War. "You must be changed, indeed, John 
Fell," said the General, "if you are as great a rascal as this Colonel 
Van Buskirk." He assured the prisoner that he would secure him 
good treatment, but he afterwards declared that owing to various cir- 
cumstances he was unable to show him the favor he desired. How- 
ever, on January 7th. 1778, he secured his release on parole, and in 
the following May Fell was allowed to go home. The New Jersey Leg- 
islature elected him, November 6th, 1778, one of the State's delegates 



to Congress, in which capacity he served two years. He was evidently 
a man of considerable means and accustomed to live in good style, and 
was frequently the guest of John Adams and other distinguished mem- 
bers of that notable body. A diary kept by him while in Congress 
was formerly owned by Gen. Wm. S. Stryker. Fell was elected a mem- 
ber of the Legislative Council from Bergen county in 1782 and 1783. 
The Legislature appointed him, September 6th, 1776, one of the Com- 
mon Fleas Judges of Bergen county, and at the expiration of his term 
he was reappointed, September 28th, 1781. He sold his Petersfleld 
estate, November ]st, 1793 to John H. Thompson, a merchant of New 
York City, for £2,000. In the deed he is described as "John Fell of 
Petersfleld, Bergen County, Esq." He then removed to New York, 
Dutchess county, taking up his residence with his son, Peter, and died 

at Ooldenham. He m. Susanna Marschalk, wid. of Mcintosh. 

2. Feter Jlenaudet^ (John^) Fell raised a regiment of militia, and 
was elected by the New York Legislature to be Lieutenant Colonel of 
the First Regiment of Bergen Coimty Militia, March 27, 1778. He de- 
voted himself so zealously to the service, and exposed himself so reck- 
lessly that he became hopelessly cr?ppled with rheumatism, and re- 
joined his command Oct. 5, 1779. He subsequently, however, acted as 
aid to Gov. Clinton, of New York, during the last two years of the 
war. Being sent on some duty from West Point, where Gov. Clinton 
was," he had the good fortune to be present at the taking of Stony 
Point, where he acted as a volunteer in the assault. After the war 
he settled in New York, following his father's mercantile pursuits, but 
on account of failing health withdrew from that occupation, and re- 
tired to Coldenham. There he spent his time overseeing his estate, 
causing himself to be carried about in a chair. He m. in 1781 Mar- 
garet, dau. of Cadwallader Colden, 2d, of Coldenham, and grand- 
daughter of Lieutenant-Governor Cadwallader Colden. He d. at Col- 
denham, Oct. 6, 1789, aged 37, and was buried in the Colden family 

vault at that place. His wife survived him, and m. 2d, Gallatin, 

by whom she had one son, D. P. Gallatin, who removed to Michigan. 
Col. Peter R. Fell and Margaret his wife had issue: 

I. Elizabeth, b. in New York; m. her cousin, William 

Colden, and for many years lived on the old place, 
built by her father. She became the mother of six 

II. John, b. in New York; m. , and left several chil- 

dren. He resided for the last years of his life at the 
cottage at Coldenham. 
ill. Susan, b. at Paramus; m. at the age of 22 Charles 
Rhind, of New York, she became the mother of ten 
children, one of whom was the late Admiral Alex- 
ander Colden Rhind, U. S. N. 


Hendrick Fisher was b. in 1697, in the Palatinate, and came to this 
country when young, taking up his residence near Bound Brook. He 
was received into the Reformed Dutch church of that place in 1721, and 
held various offices in the church thereafter, being also a lay preacher. 
By an act of the Legislature, passed , 1739, he was natural- 
ized. The next year he was elected to the Assembly from Somerset, 
but was declared Ineligible, on the ground that not enough time had 
elapsed since his naturalization, which had taken place only the pre- 
ceding session. He stated that he had been informed he had a right 


FI8HSR: FITHIAN: FOR D— First and Second 

to sit as a member of the Assembly, by virtue of an act of Parliament 
passed In Queen Anne's reign, which naturalized other Germans, the 
provisions of the same act being: thought to include him. Thomas Leon- 
ard, however, was chosen in his place, and took his seat May 28, 1740. 
Mr. Fisher was again elected in 1745, and qualified without objection. 
He was re-elected in 1746, 1749, 1751, 1754, 1761, 1769 and 1772, repre- 
senting his county continuotisly for thirty years. He was manager of 
the Bound Brook bridge lottery in 1762, and in 1764 of the lottery for 
the benefit of the New Jersey College. In 1765 he was designated by 
act of the Legislature to pay the New Jersey Regiment which had 
served in 1764. When the Colonies agreed to send delegates to meet 
in a Continental Congress, in New York, in September, 1765, Hendrick 
Fisher was one of the three delegates chosen by the Legislature to rep- 
resent New Jersey, and he signed the resolutions adopted, and the ad- 
dress to the King and Parliament, urging the repeal of the Stamp Act; 
he also made the report to the Legislature in behalf of his colleagues. 
In 1775 he was elected a member of the first Provincial Congrress of 
New Jersey, of which body he was chosen President at the sitting in 
May of that year. At the session in October, 1775, when Samuel Tucker 
was chosen President, Fisher was elected Vice-President. He was also 
a member of the Committee of Safety, appointed by the Provincial Con- 
gress, Oct. 28, 1775. He proved himself an ardent, able and courageous 
friend of his country. He died Aug. 16, 1779, and was buried on his 
farm. — Messier' 8 Hist. Somerset County, 56; Assembly Minutes, passim; 
Haritan Church Records; Session Laws, etc.; N. J. Archives, XIX., 390-391 
The fullest sketch of Mr. Fisher that has appeared is by the Rev. 
Theodore Davis, read before the N. J. Historical Society at the annual 
meeting in Januaiy, 1S99, and published in the Proceedings of the 
Society, Third Series, IV, p. 129. 


Philip Vicars Fithian was born in Cumberland County, New Jersey. 
In connection with his classmate, Andrew Hunter, and about forty 
other young patriots, he assisted in the destruction of a cargo of tea 
at Greenwich, New Jersey, on the evening of November 22, 1774. Mr. 
Fithian was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Philadelphia in 
1775. For some time he labored as a missionary under the direction of 
the Presbytery, and then entered the army as Chaplain. At the 
battle of White Plains he fought in the ranks. He died in 1776 from 
disease contracted in camp. Mr. Fithian was never ordained. A 
volume of his "Journal and Letters, 1767-1774," was published by the 
Princeton Historical Association in 1900. 

JACOB FORD, First and Second. 

Col. Jacob Ford, senior, was a son of John Ford (son of William and 
Sarah Dingley Ford, b. at Duxbury or Marshfield, Mass., 1659; settled 
at Woodbridge, N. J., in 1700 or earlier; deacon of the Presbyterian 
church there in 1708, and elder in 1710; removed to Morris county; d. 
before May, 1724. John Ford m. at Woodbridge, Dec. 13, 1701, Eliza- 
beth Freeman, who was b. in March, 1681, "in the city of Axford, Old 
Elngland, came to Philadelphia when there was but one house in it — 
and into this province when she was but one year and a half old: de- 
ceased April 21, 1772, aged 91 years and one month." Jacob Ford, 
senior, the son of John Ford, was born at Woodbridge, April 13, 1704. 
He was one of the pioneers in the iron business of New Jersey, and for 
nearly half a century was interested in mines and forges In Morris 



FOR D— First and Second : F O 8 T S R 

county and vicinity. In 1738 he applied for a license to keep an inn at 
"New Hanover" (now Morristown). When Morris county was created, 
in 1739, the first courts were held at Jacob Ford's house, and in 1740 
he was appointed collector of Morris township. In 1748 he located the 
land on both sides of the river at Rockaway, and the tract was said 
to include Job Allen's iron works, which are believed to have been built 
in 1730. He was Judge of the Morris county courts in 1740, and most 
of the time for the next forty years; was a ruling elder in the First 
Presbyterian church of Morristown from 1747. In 1755 he had com- 
mand of a detachment of 300 men to protect the frontiers against 
threatened invasion of French and Indians. He m., in 1742, Hannah 
Baldwin (dau. of Jonathan Baldwin and Susanna Kitchell, b. Nov., 1701; 
d. July 31, 1777); he d. Jan. 19, 1777. It is believed that he built (in 
1774) the house afterwards occupied by his son. Col. Jacob Ford, junior 
(b. Feb. 10, 1738; m. Jan. 27, 1762, Theodosia Johnes, and d. Jan. 11, 
1777), and which was occupied by Washington in 1779-80, and is now 
owned by the Washington Association. — Hist, of Morris County, New 
Jersey, New York, 1882, passim; Centennial Collections of Morris County, 
passim; The Records of the First Presbyterian Church of Morristown, N. J., 
I., 19; n., 76; Woodbridge and Vicinity, by J. W. Dally, New Brunswick, 
1873, 167. 169; N. J. Archives, XII.. 665-666. 

Jacob Ford, junior, was the Colonel of the Eastern Battalion of the 
Morris County. New Jersey, MilKia. He was also in commission as 
Colonel of a battalion of New Jersey State Troops, organized in the 
counties of Bergen, Essex and Morris. He died of pneumonia, at Mor- 
ristown, N. J., Jan. 10, 1777, brought on by exposure in repelling the 
incursions of the British the month previous, and was buried with mil- 
itary honors by order of General Washington. His residence in Mor- 
ristown is now the historic building known as "Washington Headquar- 
ters." He built a powder mill for the use of the American Army. — N. J. 
Archives, 2d Series, I.. 121. 


Ebenezer Foster was a prominent citizen of Woodbridge some years 
before the Revolution. He was already one of the trustees of the Free 
Schools of the Township when Grovernor Franklin grranted a charter 
of incorporation to the trustees, June 24, 1769, naming Mr. Foster as 
one of them. He was a vestryman of the Church of England of Wood- 
bridge, and was named as such in the charter incorporating the 
church. December 6. 1769. He was appointed a justice of the peace of 
Middlesex County. June 9, 1770. He was commissioned a Judge of the 
Court of Oyer and Terminer of the same county, July 10, 1773, and on 
December 14, 1773, was appointed a Judge of the Court, pf Common 
Pleas of that county. His sympathies were evidently with the British, 
and perhaps it was because this fact was well understood, that at a 
mieeting of the freeholders of the county, on January 3, 1775, held pur- 
suant to the recommendations of the Continental Congress, he was 
appointed on a committee of observation for Woodbridge, apparently 
with the purpose of getting him committed to the American cause. A 
few days later, at a meeting of the inhabitants of the town, he was 
appointed on the committee of observation, and with two others was 
authorized, in case the Assembly failed to appoint delegates to the 
Continental Congress in the May following, to meet with the commit- 
tees from the other counties of the province in Provincial Congress, 
and appoint such delegates. On January 16, 1775, at a general meeting 
of the committee of observation and inspection, Mr. Foster was 
appointed on the committee of correspondence for the County of 
Middlesex. Subsequently, just when we have no record, Mr. Foster 

118 viii 


was arrested as a sympathizer with the British. At a meeting of the 
Convention of the State of New Jersey, July 19, 1776, he "asked and 
was given leave on his parole, and security in the sum of £1000, to 
remove to the public house of Mr. White, in Barnardstown, in the 
county of Somerset, and not to go more than six miles from thence, 
unless with the leave of the Convention, or the future Legislature of 
this state." His confinement naturally was irksome, and on August 
2, he prayed that he might be permitted to return to his farm at 
Woodbridge, but the petition was ordered to lie on the table. When 
the British overran New Jersey, in December, 1776, he was released, 
and returned home. He remained there but a short time, where he 
was employed, according to his own statement made some years later. 
"in taking (by virtue of a special commission for that purpose) the 
Submission of such of the Inhabitants of his Neighbourhood as wished 
for British Protect ion," until the surprise and capture of the Hessians 
at Trenton, when, on January 2, 1777, he "crossed over to Staten 
Island, where he was frequently hunted by small Parties of Jeisey 
Militia," inquisition was found against him and many other persons 
of Middlesex county, "who had either joined the army of the King of 
Great Britain, or had otherwise ofCended against the form of their 
allegiance to the State," and he was advertised August 15, 1778. Judg- 
ment final was entered against him in due course, and his property 
was advertised to be sold on March 22, 1779. While on Staten Island 
he witnessed the will of Oswald Ford, September 22, 1777, another 
relfugee from Woodbridge. His family were sent to him, and after 
three years he removed to New York, where he remained until April 
27, 1783, when he sailed for Nova Scotia. While in the British lines 
he "attempted every service required of him" by the British com- 
manders. In a communication to the printer of the Royal Gazette, of 
New York, of August 5, 1780, he says he did not join the army, but 
accompanied it into New Jersey on the occasion of the raid upon Con- 
recticut Farms, and saw the body of Parson Caldwill's wife immedi- 
ately after she had been shot by a British soldier. In just what 
capacity he was with the army he does not state, but presumably as 
a guide. His account of the shooting of Mrs. Caldwell entirely lacks 
any expression of horror or even regret which the shocking tragedy 
would naturally excite in any humane breast. He claimed compensa- 
tion from the British Government for his losses, in a statement dated 
at St. John, New Brunswick, March 14, 1786, in which he listed a 
farm of 149 acres, with buildings, &c., in Woodbridge, valued at £1788; 
and a farm of 52 acres in Bergen county, valued at £156; and personal 
estate valued at £1500, in New York currency, or £843. 15, or £1937. 5 
in all. Of his Woodbridge lands 72 acres came to him by descent from 
his mother, Margaret Heddon, who died about 1767; 22 acres by deed 
from Charles Wright, in 1753; 22 acres by deed from David Wright, in 
1754; 10 acres from Joseph Shotwell, in 1755; 19 acres from Silas 
Walker. His Bergen county lands were bought from George Sly, in 
1771. Stephen Foster and Lawrence Foster, his sons, made oath in 
support of their father's claim, as did Joseph Thome and William 
Bears, two of his neighbors. He was allowed £906. He resided at 
Kingston, King county. New Brunswick, Canada. 


George Fraser, junior, was commissioned an Ensign in the 60th 
(Royal American) Regiment, June 23, 1760; and lieutenant in the 78th 
Regiment, April 24, 1761. The 60th (known as the 62d, prior to 1758) 
served in America from 1756 to 1773; and the 78th from 1758 to 1763. 




The Rev. William Frazer took charge, in 1768, of St. Thomas' 
church, at Kingrwood, and St. Andrew's church, of Amwell, and a 
third at Mosconetcong, twenty-eight miles north of Kingwood. He 
labored in these several charges until the breaking out of the Revo- 
lution. "Being supported by a British Missionary Society, he would 
not omit the prayers for the royal family. This rendered him ob- 
noxious to the patriots. One Sunday, when he entered his church, a 
rope was hanging over the pulpit. Public sentiment grew so violent 
that he was compelled to suspend worship in his church. But so 
prudent was his conduct and so lovely his character, that soon after 
peace was declared he reopened his church and resumed his ministry, 
with general acceptance." He died in 1795, aged 52 years. He m., 
July 13, 1768, Rebecca (bap. March, 1750), dau. of- the Kev. Colin 
Campbell, missionary in St. Mary's church, Burlington, and Mary 
Martha Bard, his wife. Issue: 1. Colin, b. May 24. 1769; 2. Elizabeth, 
d. Aug. 21, 1774, aged three months; and perhaps others. 


Frederick Frelinghuysen was a son of the Rev. John Frelinghuy- 
sen, of New Jersey. He was sent as a delegate to the Continental Con- 
gress from New Jersey in 1775, when but twenty-one years of age. 
He resigned in 1777. He entered the Revolutionary Army as Captain 
of a corps of artillery, and was at the battles of Trenton and Mon- 
mouth. He was afterwards engaged actively as a Colonel of the militia 
of his native State. He also served in the Western Expedition aa 
Major-General of the New Jersey and Pennsylvania troops. In 1793 he 
was elected to the Senate of the United States, and continued in that 
station until domestic bereavements, and 'the claims of his family, 
constrained him to resign in 1796. General Frelinghuysen stood also 
among the first at the Bar of New Jersey. He was the father of the 
Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen. He died April 13, 1804. — If. J. Archive; 
XXVII., 266-267. 


The Pennsylvania Evening Post, of January 31, 1778, announces the 
death, on the 19th of that month, of this singular character, "Francis 
Furgler, the hermit," in his 66 th year, who had existed alone twenty - 
Ave years in a thick wood, about four, miles from Burlington, "in a 
cell made by the side of an old log in the form of a small oven, not 
high or long enough to stand upright in or lie extended." It was 
thought he meant by living his secluded life "to do penance for crimes 
committed in his own country, for he was a man subject to violent pas- 
sions." From whence he came or who he was nobody could And out, 
but he appeared to be by his dialect a German, yet he spoke that lan- 
guage imperfectly, either through design or from a defect in his intel- 
lects. . . . He was found dead in his cell, with a crucifix and a brass 
fish by his side; and on the 20th he was decently interred in Friends 
burying place at Mountholly." In 1811 there was published a small 
volume, 12mo in form, the type-page only 2*4x3% inches size, and 
bound in boards, with this title-page: THE HERMIT, \ or an account 
• of Francis Adam Joseph Phyle, | a native of Switzerland, | Who lived 
without the use of fire for upwards | of twenty -two years, in a small 
cave. In the | midst of a wood, near Mount-Holly, in | Burlington 
county, New Jersey; and was found | dead therein, in the year 1780. | 
(n a series of letters, | from | Batlus Hiltzhimer to Melchoir Miller. | 



Interspersed with some | Observations of the Author, and Senti- \ mmts of 
celebrated men, \ NEW JERSEY: | Published by John Atkinson j Print- 
ed by John Bloren, No. 88, Chestnut- | Street, Philadelphia. | 1811. | 
Pp. 102. A second edition appeared in the same year, with precisely 
the same title-page, except that the name *'Batlus** was corrected to 
"Baltus," and the imprint was divided thus: "Printed by John Bioren, 
No. 88, Chestnut- Street, | Philadelphia," and the line "Second Edition." 
was inserted above "New Jersey" in the imprint. The two editions are 
identical down to page 60; beginning with that page the second edition 
has twenty-one lines to the page, instead of twenty, as in the first edi- 
tion, but the lines are identical, the same type having been used. The 
first edition ends with Letter Vm, November, 1780, on p. 102. In the 
second edition this letter ends on p. 99, and there is added a Letter IX, 
December 25th, 1780, pp. 100-108. The writer states that in the spring 
of 1756 Francis appeared in the neighborhood of Mt. Holly, wearing 
the uniform of a^ French soldier, and totally ignorant of the English 
language. He had dug out a hole under a large white oak, prostrated 
by the storm, in a wood belonging to Joseph Burr, on the road to Bur- 
lington, about four miles from the latter place, and two miles from Mt. 
Holly. This hole or cave was barely large enough for him to stretch 
himself in it. Six or eight weeks after he settled here he told Col. 
Charles Read, through an interpreter, that his name was Francis Adam 
Joseph Phyle; that he was a native of the Canton of Lucem in Switz- 
erland, which he had left on account of some disagreeable circum- 
stances, and went to France; that he came with the French troops to 
Canada, and soon after, becoming disgusted with the life of a soldier, 
left them and came to New Jersey. He seemed to be under great dis- 
tress of mind, occasioned, he said, by a sense of his sins, which ap- 
peared to overwhelm him, and there was some hint of his having killed 
an adversary in a duel. He never used fire, and lived entirely on the 
charity of the neighbors, until his death, in 1778, and nothing more was 
ever learned of his history than above related. 


Moore Furman was, in 1757. Postmaster at Trenton, where he was 
a highly esteemed merchant, carrying on business in the firm of Read 
and Furman, with stores kept at Princeton, by Joseph Yard, junior, and 
at Hopewell, by Josiah Furman, junior. This partnership was dissolved 
in 1762. In October, of that year, he advertised that the "Shop lately 
kept by Moore Furman in Trenton, at his House at the Corner, below 
the Market," was kept by Furman and Hunt, and that he was intending 
to remove to Philadelphia. Soon after this he removed to Philadelphia, 
where he was in mercantile business with Andrew Reed, the firm name 
being Reed & Furman. In 1765 he lived "next Door to the Mayor's, in 
Water-street." He seems to have retired from his late partnership at 
this time, as the firm name was Reed & Pettit, in 1765. He appestrs to 
have removed thence to Pittstown, N. J., where he was in 1778, but in 
the spring of 1780 he was at Trenton. He was Deputy Quartermaster 
Greneral of New Jersey during the war, and General Stryker says "he 
was a faithful patriot, and grreatly entrusted by the covemment and bj- 
Washington during the Revolution." He married Sarah White, eldest 
daughter of Townsend White, of Philadelphia, March 17, 1767. Mr. 
Furman was a Trustee of the Presbyterian Church of Trenton, 1760-62. 
and 1783-1808. and occupied what is now (1897) the hotel known as the 
State Street House, on State street, having his office in a one-story 
brick building adjoining. He was the first Mayor of Trenton, under the 
charter of 1792. He died in that city, March 16, 1808, in his eightieth 




Francis Gerneaux was a Huguenot on the Isle of Guernsey, in ttie 
British Cliannel, according to family tradition, and was marked out for 
assassination, gettiag word of which the night before the day set for 
his death, he secured a vessel and got out of the harbor with his family 
before morning. (As Guernsey had long been a stronghold of Protest- 
antism, it is probable that Gerneaux tied to that island, from the 
French mainland.) He came thence to America, and settled at New 
Rochelle, New York, where he survived to the great age of 103 years. 
The family name was transformed in time to its present form. He 
brought to this country his son Stephen, then a child, who. m. Ann 
Walton, it is belie ;red, and had nine children who grew up and mar- 
ried. The first was Daniel, who m. Sarah, dau. of Nathaniel Britton, 
of Staten Island. They had two children b. there, and then removed 
to Hopewell, N. J., where six more children were born to them, 
among them John Gano, b. July 22, 1727. He was ordained to the 
ministry May 29, 1754, at Hopewell, entering immediately upon the 
charge of the infaat Baptist church at Morristown, which he served 
for two years, with considerable intervals of missionary tours in the 
South. In 1756 he accepted an urgent call to Yadkin, N. C, where 
he remained two years and a half, when he returne dto New Jersey, 
taking up his residence at Elizabethtown. He preached alternately at 
Philadelphia and New York, but in 1761 accepted a call to the latter 
place, where he continued until 1776. He now acted as chalpain of a 
Connecticut regiment, through the battles in and about New York, 
the retreat across New Jersey, and the battles of Trenton and Prince- 
ton. He was subsequently chaplain of Gen. Clinton's brigade, com- 
posed of New York, New England and New Jersey regiments. He 
accompanied Gen. Sullivan's expedition against the Indians, in 1779, 
and continued in the service until the close of the war. He then gath- 
ered his scattered congregation together again, and the church flour- 
ished grreatly. In 1787 he accepted a call to Kentucky, where he ar- 
rived with his family in June. He remained a year at Lexington, and 
then removed to Frankfort. He preached continually, frequently go- 
ing on extensive missionary tours, until afflicted with a paralytic 
stroke, in the latter part of 1798. He d. Aug. 10, 1804, at Frankfort. 
Mr. Gano m. 1st, Sarah, dau. of John Stites, Mayor of the Borough 
of Elizabethtown, in 1756; she d. at Frankfort, Ky., about 1788; he m. 
2d., about a year later, in North Carolina, a dau. of Jonathan Hunt, 
and wid. of Capt. Thomas Bryant. Issue: 1. John Stites, b. cir. 1757; 
d. 1765; 2. Daniel, b. Nov. 11, 1758, at Yadkin, N. C; 3. Peggy, b. Dec. 
23, 1760, at Philadelphia; 4. Stephen, b. Dec. 25, 1762, in New York, 
afterwards a distinguished Baptist clergyman in Rhode Island; 5. 
Sarah, b. Feb. 24, 1764, In New York; 6. John Stites, b. July 14, 1766, 
in New York; 7. A dau., b. Aug. 15, 1768; d. in her 3d yr.; 8. Isaac 
Eaton, b. 1770; 9. Richard Montgomery, b. 1776, in New York; 10. 
Susannah, b. Nov. 8, 1777, at New Fairfield, Conn.; 11. William, b. 
1781 or 1782; d. cir. 1799. — Biographical Memoirs of the late Rev. John 
Oano, N. Y., 1806; Edwards's Hist, of the Baptists of N. J., 74. 

There was also a Gano family in Dutchess county, N. Y., about or 
prior to the time of the Revolution. 




Edmund Gibbon was a merchant in New York, 1673-1682.— Calendor o/ 
N. Y. Hist. MBB., II., 34, 100. In 1677, Inorder to secure a debt due to him 
by Edward Duke and Thomas Duke, he took from them a deed for 6,000 
acres of land in West Jersey, which had been conveyed to them by 
John Fenwick, in England. Gibbon, by virtue of this deed, had a tract 
of 6,500 acres surveyed for him by Richard Hancock, in 1682. It was 
resurveyed in 1703 by Benjamin Acton, and lay in Cohansey Precinct, 
now in Greenwich and Hopewell Townships, Cumberland County, in- 
cluding Roadstown, extending southward to Pine Mount Branch, and 
westward to the Delaware. He devised this tract to his grandson, 
Edmund, who devised it to Francis Gibbon, of Bennensdere, England. 
In 1700 Francis devised it to his two kinsmen, Leonard and Nicholas 
Gibbon, of Gravesend, in Kent, England, describing it as "all that 
tract of lands called Mount Gibbon, upon the branches of unknown 
creek, near Cohansey in West Jersey," provided they settled upon it. 
Nicholas Gibbon, born in 1702, was a son of Arthur and Jane Gibbon, 
of Gravesend, Kent, England. Nicholas and his younger brother, 
Leonard, came to New Jersey and erected one of the first grist-mills 
near Cohansey. They later built a fulling mill on Mount Gibbon (now 
Pine Mount) Run. They soon became influential in that neighborhood. 
In 1T30 they divided their tract, Nicholas taking the southern part, in- 
cluding the mill and 2,000 acres of land. Leonard erected a stone house 
about two miles north of Greenwich. Nicholas built a substantial 
brick house in Greenwich, which he occupied until about 1740. when 
he removed to Salem. Both houses were still standing in 1868. The 
two brothers gave six acres of land in Greenwich for a Presbyterian 
Church, to be erected by 1729. They were Episcopalians themselves, 
and erected at their own expense St. Stephen's Church in Greenwich, 
in 1729, ajid provided for regular services there. Nicholas was in mer- 
cantile business, in partnership with Samuel Fenwick Hedge and Capt. 
James Gould, the last-named being located in New York, while Gib- 
bon kept store at Greenwich and afterwards at Salem. He was Sher- 
iff of Salem County, 1741-1748, and in the latter year was appointed 
County Clerk. He was also one of the Commissioners of the Loan 
Office for Salem County. Hedge dying in 1731, Gibbon married the 
widow, Anna Grant Hedge. He died 2d of 2d mo. 1758, aged 55 years, 
8 months. His widow died 24th of 3d mo. 1760, aged 57 years. They had 
five children: 

i. Nicholas, born 5th of 11th mo. 1732; died 7th of 1st mo. 1748. 

ii. Grant, bom 28th of 11th mo. 1734. He was a merchant at Salem, 
and appears to have been a man of superior education and culture. 
He was one of the Surrogates of West Jersey, was appointed a Jus- 
tice of the Peace in 1759, a Judge in 1752 and again in 1767, and was Clerk 
of the County of Salem after his father's death. He was an ardent 
sympathizer with the American cause, which he evinced in a sub- 
stantial manner, when, at the solicitation of his fellow citizens, he 
was appointed, 13th of 10th mo. 1774, to solicit funds for the relief of 
the people of Boston, when that port was closed to commerce by the 
British. He collected £157 3s. 2d. for the purpose. He was elected to 
the Assembly In 1772. He died 27th of 6th mo. 1776. 

3. Jane, born 15th of 5th mo. 1736, married Robert Johnson, jun., 3d of 
11th mo. 1767, and was the mother of Col. Robert Gibbon Johnson, the 
historian of Salem: she died 16th of 8th mo. 1815; her husband died 
28th of 12th mo. 1796, aged 69 years. 

iv. Ann, born 29th of 4th mo. 1741; married Judge Edward Weath- 

v. Francis, born 14th of 5th mo. 1744; died 11 th of 1st mo. 1798.— Histoiy 



of the Early Settlements of Cumberland County, by Lucius Q. C. Elmer, 
Bridgeton, 1869, 18; Historical Account of the First Settlement of Salem, by 
Robert G. Johnson, Philadelphia, 1839, 79, U8, 122; Hist, and Genealogy of 
Fenwick Colony, by Thomas Shourds, Bridgeton, 1876, 105-108; N. J. Ar- 
chives, XII., 324; XVII., 205, 342, 455, 517; XVIII., 438; N. J, Hist. Proc, 
IV., 433-44. 


Much interest and importance attached to an act entitled "An 
Act for the relief of Francis Goelet," passed by the New Jersey 
Legislature, and which received the Governor's assent April 10, 1761, 
The act recites: "Whereas Francis Qoelet, of the City of Perth Amboy, 
bath, by his Petition, set forth, that he is under unhappy circumstances, 
and by misfortunes, rendered incapable of discharging his Creditors juat 
Demands; that he is possessed of sundry Bonds, and other EfCects, to a 
considerable Value, which he is ready and very desirous of assigning 
and delivering up into the Hands of Trustees justly and fairly, for the 
Use of his Creditors, or such of them as ^hall apply for that Purpose, 
praying the Aid of the Legislature therein." The act then provides that 
he is to advertise in the New York Gazette that he wants to compound 
with his creditors, vesting his estate for that purpose in certain trusitees, 
namely, John Ogden, Andrew Smith, Samuel Kemble, William Bryant 
and James Neilson. For the benefit of his creditors beyond the sea, said 
trustees shall "use their utmost Endeavours to nottify the foreign Cred- 
itors" of having Goelet's estate in their charge, and wait until May 1, 
1762, before giving notice in the New York and Pennsylvania Gazette and 
Mercury when and w*here Goelet's property will be sold for the benefit 
of such creditors as have handed in their claims; after which time no 
creditor who has not done so shall be entitled to receive anything. The 
effects of Goelet are noit to be taken out of this Province before sale, 
nor Goelet to be freed from arrest till surety be given. "Provided always, 
That in case It shall thereafter appear, that he the said Francis Goelet, 
on the Oath to be administered to him by the Trustees aforesaid, respect- 
ing his Estate delivered them, hath secreted any Part thereof, he shall 
not be intituled to any Relief by Virtue of this Act, and every Clause, 
Article and Thing therein contained, shall be void and of none Effect." 

The Lords of Trade advised the King to disapprove this Act, on these 
grounds: 1. "As this Act is in the nature of a Bankruptcy Act, with re- 
spect to the Single Case of one particular person, it appears to Us to be 
of an Unusual and extraordinary nature, and therefore sliould have 
contained a clause suspending its operation until His Majesty's pleasure 
should be known. 2, The provision for giving notice to foreign creditors 
is "altogether nugatory and ineffectual." 3. The punishment for his 
concealing any part of his estate and effects is "much too light and 
trivial."— 3^. J. Archives, IX., 333-4. The Act was repealed January 14, 
1762. Letters of administration were granted, iSept. 4, 1767, to Elizabeth 
Goelet, widow of Francis Goelet, late of the city of Perth Amboy, de- 
ceased. The inventory, signed by the widow, with Jona: Deare and John 
Griggs as appraisers, amounts to £137, 12s., 7d., all personal property, and 
mentions: 2 volumes of the "Universal Traveller," 15s.; 2 vodumes of 
Coettogon's Arts and Sciences, 15s.; Sir Phil. Sidney's Arcadia, 5s.; Doc- 
trine of Morality, 7s.; Netleton on Virtue and Comforts, poems, 2s.; 
Collincby's Memoirs, 4 vols., 4s.; 3 volumes of Shakespeare, 4s.; 2 vol- 
umes Telemachus, 1 volume Seneca's Morals and sermons, Geometrical 
History, 1b.—E. J. Wills, Liber I, f. 152. 




Andrew Gordon, of Cranberry mow written Cranbury), in the south- 
ern part of Middlesex County, was Ilvingr there in 1748, when applica- 
tion could be made to him, it was advertised, in reference to the sale 
of lands in that vicinity. --^'. J, Archives, XII., 468. He was perhaps the 
son of Capt. Andrew Gordon (son of Thomas Gordon, one of the most 
distingruished men In the early annals of New Jersey), who was a 
Captain in Col. John Parker's regiment on the frontier, in 1721; and 
who was probably the Andrew Gordon, of Perth Amboy, who had a 
map of lands for sale in 1733, and who in 1752 was charged with having 
instigated some contemptuous remarks about Lewis Morris Ashfield. — 
-V. J. Archives, XL, 315, 328; VIIL, Part I.. 42; Whitehead's Perth Amboy, 67. 
The latter, however, in his will, dated Feb. 21, 1777, proved March 26, 
1777, in which he describes himself as "Andrew Gordon, of the south 
ward of Perth Amboy, yeoman," mentions no son, but only his father, 
Thomas Gordon, his own "grandson, John Von Kirk, jun., son of my 
daughter, Anne, deceased;" Mary Moore, "now In possession of my 
tract of land in Windsor, county aforesaid, to have the claim to same." 
"When the heirs lawfully begotten of the said John Von Kirk jun. 
shall be extinct, the property bequeathed to him shall become the 
property of Mary Moore the daughter of Henrj'^ Moore deceased and 
and her heii«." 'To Mary Moore, daughter to my late wife Ann Gor- 
don, deceased, a mortgage given by Henry Moore, deceased, to 
Anthony Hunter, deceased, of New York, which I since paid to the 
executors of Anthony Hunter." Executors — John Von Kirk, jun., 
Rescarriah Moore and Mary Moore, daughter of my late wife, Anne 
Gordon, deceased. — E. J. Wills, Liber 18, p. 152. 


Lewis Grordon was admitted to the New Jersey Bar, May 20, 1755. 
He advertised, in April, 1756, that he had removed from Baston to Bor- 
den town, "where he may be spoke with by Those who shall be pleased 
to favour him with their Business."— 2^. J. Archives, XX., 14. 


Peter Gordon, of Trenton, merchant, was appointed by Governor 
Richard Howell to be guardian of one William Voorheis, an infant of 
fourteen years and upwards, son of Daniel Voorheis, late of Middlesex 
county, deceased. Elijah H. Gordon, also a merchant of Trenton, 
went on his bond, which was filed at Burlington, February 9, 1795, and 
is recorded in Liber 36 of Wills, Secretary of State's Office, page 170. 

Peter Gordon married Elizabeth Rhea. The will of this Peter Gor- 
don, who was of Crosswicks, is dated August 20, 1723, and was proved 
November 1, 1725. He leaves his entire estate to his wife Elizabeth 
as long as she remains his widow, with remainder to his five children, 
whose names are not mentioned. As he named no executor, his 
widow petitioned, Nov. — , 1725, to be made administratrix, and her 
petition was granted. She speaks of him as of Freehold. His estate 
was inventoried and appraised at £105. 9. 3. — N. J. Archives, XXL, 190, 
192. Who were his parents? WTio were his children? 

Peter Gordon was one of the witnesses to the will of Stephen Cor- 
nelious, of Penn's Neck, Salem county, dated April 4, 1726. — Ih., XXL, 

Peter Gordon was one of the witnesses to the will of Samuel Reid- 
ford, of Freehold, dated Feb. 18, 1709-10.— 76., XXL, 380. 

Peter Gordon was a Captain in the First Regiment, Hunterdon; 



Captain, Colonel Forman's Battalion. Heard's Brigade, June 14, 1776; 
Brigrade-Major of same, July 25, 1776. 

In the First Presbyterian Churchyard, at Trenton, is the tombstone 
of Mrs. Susanna Gordon, consort of Major Peter Gordon, died July 18, 
1823. No age is given. Adjacent is the tombstone of John Gordon, 
with no date recorded. 

The Emporium and True American, published at Trenton, March 7, 
1835, contains this obituary notice: "At Geneva, New York, on the 
8th ult., in the 88th year of his age. Deacon Peter Gordon, father of 
Mr. Elijah Gordon." 

Peter Gordon, of Middlesex county, set up a lottery, in 1758, for the 
sale of a tract of 497 acres of land in that county. — N. J. Archives, XX., 
309 et seqq. The Legislature, in September, 1762, passed an act to 
render void such lottery, and to relieve the managers from responsi- 
bility. — Ih., XVII., 247 et scqq. The act was deemed of sufficient im- 
portance to be brought before the Lcrds of Trade, who advised the 
King to disallow the act, as being a private matter, in which the 
legislature had no concern. The act was accordingly disallowed. — 
N. J. Archives, IX., 443, 446, 458, 487. 


Captain James Gray located at the Little Falls on the Passaic river 
(about four miles above the present city of Paterson), where, at least 
as early as 1763, he carried on iron works, the ore being carted thither 
on horseback from Ringwood and Charlottenburg. He offered the prop- 
erty for sale, by an advertisement dated December 19, 1770, describing 
it as "A Plantation of two Hundred and Sixty Acres of Land, great 
part of which is Meadow with a Forge of three Fires and a Hammer, 
a grrist Mill and saw Mill." He was then living on the premises. He 
had previously resided on a farm "lying on the banks of the river Pas- 
saick, about one mile from the church (Trinity) at Newark. There are 
on the farm two good dwelling houses, barn, stable and coach-house. 
It contains 20 acres of excellent land, which if well manag'd and im- 
prov'd, will afford bread corn (i. e., wheat) for a small family, besides 
grass and hay for three horses, and four or five cows, a good orchard 
and large garden. It commands a most extensive view of the river, 
and overlooks Capt. Kennedy's farm, garden, and deer park, at Peter3- 
borough, to which it is opposite." This property was advertised for sale 
in 1769. It would seem to have been near the foot of the present 
Fourth avenue, Newark. For the better utilizing of the water power at 
Little Falls he raised the dam, extensively flooding the farms up the 
river. In consequence, the Legislature passed an act in 1772 providing 
for lowering the dam. Captain Gray (it is not known how or where he 
acquired the title) joined the British at the beginning of the Revolu- 
tion, and his property above Newark was confiscated and sold by the 
State. It is probable that he had previously disposed of the iron works 
at Little Falls. 


Enoch Green was born in 1735 and graduated from Princeton Col- 
lege in 1760, being chosen to deliver the valedictory oration. He was 
probably the first undergraduate to be thus honored, the distinction 
being awarded with special regard to the qualifications of the student 
as a valedictorian, as well as on the ground of scholarship. He 
entered upon the study of theology, and lost no time in putting his 
knowledge to practical use, for in 1761 he was on a missionary tour on 



horseback along the New Jersey sea coast for six weeks. He was 
ordained by New Brunswick Presbytery in 1762, and probably con- 
tinued in missionary service in West Jersey until 1766, when he was 
called to tho Presbyterian church at Deerfield, being formally in- 
stalled June 9, 1767, and remaining there until his death. He was 
much esteemed as a preachei and scholar. For several years he taught 
a classical school. At the beginning of the Revolution he served as 
chaplain in the American Army, contracting camp fever, from which 
he died Dec. 2, 1776. He was buried under the brick-paved aisle of the 
Deerfield church.— Pres. Mag., 1852, p. 471; Hist. Prea. Ch. in West Jersey, 
by Rev. Allen H. Brown, 29, 69; Elmer's Cumberland County, 105; John- 
son's Salem, 92. He was the author of a sermon entitled: Slothfulness 
reproved, an example of the Saints proposed for imitation: A Sermon, 
occasioned by the Death of the Reverend Mr. William Ramsey, M. A., 
who departed this Life November 5, 1771, in the 39th year of his age. 
Delivered at Fairfield in Cohansie, December 9, 1771 . . . — Phila- 
delphia: Printed by D. Hall, and W. Sellers, in Market-Street. 
MDCCLXXn, pp. 32. 8vo. 


Family tradition says that the Guests of New Brunswick came from 
Birmingham, England. The earliest mention of the name in the New 
Jersey records is in a deed from Dirck Schuyler to John Guest, in 
October, 1741, for a plot of land in the city of New Brunswick. This 
was probably John Guest, 2d, and the same John Guest who made his 
will March 26, 1743, proved at Perth Amboy May 24, 1743. His resi- 
dence is not given. He devises to son John "my house and lot; but 
my sloop shall be sold and money put out so that the interest may 
maintain my wife and child." The inference is that he was a young 
man, with but one child, and that the will was hastily made, during 
what proved to be a fatal illness. His wife's name is not mentioned. 
He appointed his father executor, and John Guest, "father of the 
testator," says the record, qualified as executor. Witnesses — Peter 
Collas, Lewis Guest, Henry Dally, John Salnave. It is probable that 
the progenitor of the New Jersey family was John Guest, and that he 
had children: 

i. John2, m. — ; d. May, 1743, leaving one child, John, 

ii. Lewis2, m. 1st. June 27, 1743, Neeltje Van Cleve, both 
of New Brunswick; 2d, May 5, 1747, Jane Lawrence, 
both of Monmouth county, 
iii. Henrya, m. Ruth Bong, Dec. 19, 1748, both being of 
Middlesex county. In a communication dated 
"Brunswick, East-New-Jersey, Sep. 28, 1767," he 
strongly urged the advantages of leather for roofing 
purposes. — N. J. Archives, 25: 467-8. In 1780 he adver- 
tised for "Two experienced Harponiers in the 
Whaling business." 
iv. Sarah2, m. William Nixon, of Middlesex, Jan. 27, 1746, 
she being of New Brunswick. 
It is also probable that Henry Guest^ was the father of Henry', whose 
wife Anne died at New Brunswick January 4, 1772. She is understood 
to have been a member of the Forman family of Monmouth county. 

There was a numerous Guest family of Gloucester county, where the 
name was known as early as 1735. William Guest, of Woodwich, in 
that county, schoolmaster, left a will, dated Sept. 4, 1777, proved at 





Woodbury, Oct. 28, 1783, in which he mentions wife Christian, and 

i. Henry, to whom he devises two lots, one of them with 

a meadow lying in John Avises field binding on Old- 

mAns creek, two acres; the other binding on the 

Great road to Swedesborough. 

ii. Joseph, to whom he devises "the plantation where 1 

dwell, 120 acres." 
iii. Catharine Vanneman, to whom he leaves £10. 
iv. Mary Avise, to whom he leaves £10. 
He also leaves £15 to granddaughter Hannah Guest, probably dau. 
of Henry. Executors — ^wife and sons Henry Guest and Joseph Guest. 
Witnesses — James Lord, John Ware, Joshua Lord. 

Joseph Guest, of Woolwich, Gloucester county, yeoman, made his 
will June 24, 1792, and it was proved August 29, 1793. His wife was 
probably dead, as she is not mentioned. He names children as fol- 
lows: Mary, William, Christenah, John, Elizabeth, Garrit, Rebecca, 
all unmarried, apparently, and probably under age, as he leaves his 
property to his sons "when twenty-one," and to his daughters "at 
theii marriage." Executors] brother, Henry Guest, and "Cuzen" 
Matthew Gill, Jun. Witnesses — Jacob Stille, George Katts, John 

It is possible that William Guest was a son of John^ Guest, of New 

John Guest and Maria Boa his wife had a child Hindrick (Henry) 
baptized in the Hackensack Dutch church, June 25, 1727. This may 
have been the Henry^ John-, who m. Ruth Bong, Dec. 19, 1748, as 
above stated. 


Robert Halsted was descended from Timothy Halsted, the first of 
the name in America, who came from England as early as 1660, and 
settled at Hempstead, L. I. His son, Timothy Halsted, Jr., removed 
to Elizabethtown early in the eighteenth century, where he d. Feb. 27, 
1734-5, in his 77th year. The latter's eldest son, Caleb, of Hemstead 
and later of Elizabethtown, d. at the latter place in 1721. He left a 
son, Caleb, b. July 8, 1721; m. Sept. 16, 1744, Rebecca, daughter of 
Robert Ogden, 1st, and Phebe (Baldwin) Roberts; he d. at his resi- 
dence, Halsted's Point, Elizabeth, June 4, 1784; she d. March 31, 1806. 
They had twelve children, the eldest being Robert, b. Sept. 13, 1746. 
After graduating from Princeton College at the age of nineteen he 
studied medicine, and practiced his profession in Elizabeth and vicinity 
for nearly sixty years. He was held in high esteem as a physician. 
It is said that he was demonstrative, bold, energetic and sometimes 
brusque in speech and manner. He was strict in his observance of the 
Sabbath, a regular church-goer, and always in his seat at the hour of 
worship. • Being decided and outspoken in his patriotic sentiments at 
the begrinning of the Revolution, he became obnoxious to the loyalists, 
and it is said that he was arrested and taken to New York and con- 
fined in the old Sugar House. He m., 1st, April 15, 1773, Mary Wiley; 
2d, Oct. 1, 1787, Mary Mills, dau. of the Rev. William Mills, a grad. of 
Princeton, 1756; he d. Nov. 25, 1825; she d. May 20, 1841, aged 78. Dr. 
Halstead is probably buried in the First Presbyterian Churchyard, 
Elizabeth, but there is no tombstone to his memory in that burying 
ground. He had ten children: five by his first wife, and five by his 
second. Among his brothers were William, Sheriff of Essex County, 



1790; Caleb, licensed as a physician, 1774, and who practiced until his 
death in 1827; Matthias, a Brigade Major in the Continental Army. 
See Descendants of Rehecm Ogden, 1729-1806, and Caleb HaUted, 1721- 
1784, and Wick€8*8 MedUal Men <yf New Jersey. 


Samuel Marker was brousrht up to manual labor, and grrew to be 
a man of remarkable size, vigor and strength. He is said to have grad- 
uated from the College of New Jersey, but this is probably an error. 
He may have matriculated there, however. On Dec. 6, 1749, he was 
taken under the charge of New Brunswick Presbytery, to pursue his 
studies for the ministry. He was licensed Nov. 6, 1751, and on Oct. 31, 
1752, was ordained and installed pastor of the Presbyterian Church at 
Roxbury, on Black River, Morris County. He was aggressive in his 
beliefs. On one occasion he challenged the Rev. Abel Morgan, a Bap- 
tist preacher, to a public debate on the subject of infant baptism, and 
they enjoyed two days of discussion at Kingwood, Hunterdon County. 
A neighbor near Roxbury having offered |20 reward to any one who 
could produce a scripture text sustaining the doctrine of Infant bap- 
tism, Mr. Harker rode over, produced a text to his own satisfaction, 
and when the other was not satisfied sued him for the |20. He finally 
got into trouble with his own denomination about some abstruse ques- 
tions of doctrine, and as he persisted in his views with greater perti- 
nacity, even publishing a statement of them without the assent of the 
Synod, after a controversy extending from 1757 the Synod of New York 
and Philadelphia, on May 27, 1763, voted, though apparently with great 
reluctance and by no means with unanimity, to declare him "disquali- 
fied for preaching or exercising his ministry in any congregation or 
vacancy" under their care. In 1758 ho went as Captain of a company 
on the expedition against Canada. He is said to have been lost at sea, 
by the foundering of a vessel in which he was sailing to England with 
his son, who was on his way thither to receive Episcopal ordination. 
This would seem, improbable, however, in view of the fact that his 
will, dated March 22, 1764, was proved only six weeks later, or on May 
2, 1764. If he had been lost at sea on the way to England, the fact 
would not have been determined within so short a period. It is more 
probable that he died at his home in Roxbury. It is quite character- 
istic of his pugnacity that, notwithstanding the action of Synod, he 
describes himself in his will as "Minister of the Gospel." He speaks 
of his wife Deborah, his son Ahimaz, his daughters Rachel, Jemima 
and Massa, and his grandson Daniel, for whom he makes special pro- 
vision, "for that he is foolish" (feeble-minded). Traditions of the par- 
son's vigorous personality are still preserved in the Black River region. 
—Hist, of the Presbyterian Church in America, by Richard Webster, Phila- 
delphia, 1857, 622; Hist. Morris County, 213; Recards of the Presbyterian 
Church Philadelphia, 1841, 329; Materials for a Hisi. of the Baptists in New 
Jersey, Philadelphia, 1792, 17; N. J. Archives, IX., 184; E. J. Wills, H., 435. 
He published "An Appeal from the Synod of New York and Philadel- 
phia, to the Christian World by the Reverend Samuel Harker. Written 
by himself." Philadelphia: Printed by William Dunlap. M,DCC,LXIII. 
8vo. Pp 40. Also: "Predestination Consistent with General Liberty; 
Or the Scheme of the Covenant of Grace. By Samuel Harker, Minister 
of the Gospel at Black River, in New-Jersey." Philadelphia: William 
Uunlap. 1763. A reply was printed with the title: "The Synod of New 
York and Philadelphia vindicated. In a Reply to Mr. "Samuel Harker's 
Appeal to the Christian World. By a Member of the Synod." [Rev. 
John Blair.] Philadelphia: William Dunlap. 1764. 12mo. Pp. 50. His 



son, Ahimaaz, named in his father's will, In 1764, published in 1768 "A 
Companlcn for the Young People of North America." — N. J. Archives, 
XXV., 506; XXVI., 127. He subscribed himself "a Candidate for the 
Ministry." He died in England, in 1768, of small-pox. In announcing 
the fact the Pennsj/lvania Chronicle, of October 24-26, 1768, said: "He 
was a Native of New -Jersey, and a young Man of a good natural 
Genius, and great Urbanity." 


The Hartshorne family of Monmouth County trace their ancestry 
to Richard Hartshorne, the son of William Hartshorne, of Leicester- 
shire, England. Richard was a brother of Hugh Hartshorne, who was 
a citizen of London, and was admitted to the freedom of the Skinners* 
Company, Aug. 1, 1654. He was an "upholsterer" of Houndsditch, and 
is referred to sometimes as a "skinner," an "upholsterer," and as a 
"merchant." He was one of the Twenty-four Proprietors of East 
Jersey, named in the confirmatory grant of March 14, 1682-3, from the 
Duke of York. He died April 25. 1684, aged 55 years. There is no rea- 
son to suppose that he ever visited America.—^. J. Archives, I., 366, 374, 
383, 412, 528; Whitehead's East Jersey, 2d ed., 118, 178; 'S. Y. Gen, and Biog. 
Kecord, XIV., 95; Old Times in Old Monmouth, 12. 

Richard Hartshorne was born Oct. 24. 1641, at Hathearne, Leicester- 
shire, England; he married Margaret Carr, Nov. 27, 1670. Coming from 
London to America, in September, 1669, he located in East Jersey, and 
took up an extensive tract of land at Middletown and the Highlands 
of' the Navesink (acquiring Sandy Hook in 1677), where he lavished a 
generous hospitality, as attested by George Fox and others, he being 
a Friend, and naturally partial to the traveling ministers of that jper- 
susLSlon. -Smith's Hist. N. J., 63, note; N. J. Archives, II., 329, note; Old 
Times in Old Monmouth, 12. He was Town Clerk of Middletown in 1675.— 
Hist. Monmouth County, 519. In 1683 he was appointed Sheriff of Mon- 
mouth County, an honor he sought to decline.— y. J. Archives, XIII., 77. 
The precedent has not been followed to any extent. In 1683 he also 
became a member of Gov. Gawen Laurie's Council. In the same year 
he was elected to the Assembly, and in 1686 was Speaker of that body, 
holding that position until October, 1693, and again, from February, 
1696, to March, 1698, when he became a member of Gov. Jeremiah 
Basse's Council. He continued in the Assembly also, and held both 
offices until the surrender of the Province to the Crown, in 1702. — 
N. J. Archives, I., 220, note. He was again elected to the Assembly from 
the Eastern Division in 1703 and 1704. He died in 1722.— OW Times in 
Old Monmouth, 291; Hist. Monmouth County, 534. 

His children were: 1. Robert, born 5th 12th mo. 1671; probably died 
young; 2. Hugh, born 15th 5th mo. 1673; died in infancy; 3. Thomas, 

born 14th 9th mo. 1674; 4. Mary, born 14th 8th mo. 1676; married 

Clayton; 5. William, born 22d 1st mo. 1678-9; lived at Portland, on the 
Highlands; died 1748: had issue: Richard, William, Margaret (wife of 
Gershom) Mott, Thomas, Mary (wife of John) Lawrence, Hugh. Rob 
ert (died In 1801), John Esek (died in 1796 or 1797), Rachel Robinson; 
6. Richard, born 17th 2d mo. 1681; died in Infancy; 7. Katharine, born 
2d 3d mo. 1682; married Nathaniel Fltz Randolph, of Woodbrldge; 8. 
Hugh, bom 21st 6th mo. 1685; m. Catharine Tllton ^b. 14th 7th mo. 
1684), and had ch. Margaret, who m. Robert White, saddler; she d. 

10th of 5th mo. 1747; 9. Sarah, born 3d 7th mo. 1687; married 

Taylor; 10. Richard, born 15th 12th mo. 1689; 11. Mercy, born 12th 5th 
mo. 1693; married William Lawrence. — N. Y. Oen. and Biog. Record, 



XIV., 95. Robert and Esek appear to have carried on business together, 
In Monmouth county, In 1767.— JV. J. Archives, XXV., 292. 

Hugh, son of Richard, born 1686. as above, was foreman of the Mon- 
mouth CJounty Grand Jury in 1711, and lived at Middletown.— OW Timet 
in Old Monmouth, 269, 291-2. His plantation of 600 acres at Middletown 
was advertised for sale in 1744 by his executors — Catharine Hartshorne 
(presumably his widow), Robert Hartshorne, Joseph Field and William 
Hartshorne, Jun. — 2i. J. Archives, XII., 242. His children were: Mar- 
garet White, Rebecca Wright, Catherine Bowne, Richard, Sarah Van 
Brakle, Robert, Mary Garrison, Eliza, Mercy. — N. Y. Gen. and Biog. 
Record. It was probably the Robert Hartshorne just mentoined who 
was admitted to the bar in 1739, and who in 1744 was at Burlington, 
where he died early in 1761. 

Hugh Hartshorne, Clerk of the Assembly in 1757, was doubtless the 
son of William (b. 1678-9, son of Richard); the latter died in 1746. and 
in 1748 his executors advertised for sale "The High Lands of Nave- 
sinks and Sandy-Hook lying in Middletown, East Jersey, consisting of 
2800 Acres," including "a good Dwelling-House, 40 Feet Long and 30 
Feet broad, with Sash Windows, two good Stone Cellars under it, with 
three Kitchens adjoining, pleasantly situated upon Navesinks River." 
—y. J. Archives, XII., 325, 467, 523. Hugh Hartshorne married Hannab 
Pattison in Burlington Monthly Meeting in 174L— Friend* in Burlington 
by Amelia Mott Gummere, Philadelphia, 1884, 93. He was living in Bur- 
lington early in 1743, and was still there in 1755.—^. J. Archives, XII., 171, 
467; XIX., 481. He was one of the signers of the N. J. currency in 
1764-56.— 76., VIII., Part II., 39, 230, 232. On April 18, 1758. he was allowed 
£26, 15. 2, for "39 Days Attendance as Clerk of the House of Repre- 
sentatives &t this and another Sitting of th^ Assembly and for Copying 
the Laws and Votes for the Printer During the Said Sessions."— /6., 
XVII., 170. This appears to have been the extent of his service as 
Clerk of the Assembly. In 1766 he was at Bristol, Pa.— 2^. J. Archives, 
XXV., 21. 


Nathaniel Heard was a member of a family long prominent in 
the annals of Woodbridge, N. J. He was greatly interested in good 
horses, and entries in races in the vicinity of Woodbridge were 
usually made with him. as in 1763, 1767, and later. His bay horse 
was a winner at the Elizabethtown races in 1767. — "N. J. Archives, 
XXIV., 128; XXV., 338, 461. On January 7th. 1775, he was chosen one 
of a "committee of observation" from Woodbridge. — Minutes of the Pro- 
vincial Congress and Council of Safety of yew Jersey, Trenton, 1879, pp. 
42, 45. He was one of the delegates elected by Middlesex county to 
the Provincial Congress which met at Trenton in May, June and Au- 
gust, 1775. — lb., 169. He was appointed Colonel of the First Regiment, 
Middlesex; Colonel, Battalion "Minute Men," February 12th, 1776; 
Colonel, Battalion "Heard's Brigade," June 25th, 1776; Brigadier- 
General Commanding, ditto; Brigadier-General Militia, February 1st, 
1777. — Official Register of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolution- 
ary War, by William S. Stryker. Trenton, 1872, p. 349. On January 3d, 
1776, the Continental Congress ordered Col. Heard, with 600 or 600 
Minute Men and three companies from Lord Stirling, to disarm all the 
Tories in Queens county. Long Island, which he did with great prompt- 
ness. An officer under him wrote: "He is indefatigable, treats the in- 
habitants with civility and the utmost humanity." He carried off 
nearly 1,000 muskets, four colors of Long Island militia, and nine- 
teen of the principal disaffected persons, and made 349 others swear 
that they had concealed no arms from him. He received the thanks 



of the local committee for his prudence in the execution of his duty, 
and the compliment of a bitter attack in dogrgerel verse by the Tories. 
of which this is a specimen: 

"Col. Heard has come to town, 

In all his pride and glory; 
And when he dies he'll go to Hell, 

For robbing of the Tory." 

— Document8 and Letters Intended to Illustrate the Revolutionary Incidents of 
Queens Vountv, by Henry Onderdonk, Jr., New York, 1846, pp. 41-8; 
Calendar of A'. Y. Revolutionary Manuscripts, L. 218, 235, 334; Bancroft, 
Vni., 276; Memoirs L. I. Hist. Soc, II., 34-40; III., Docs., 170. On Feb- 
ruti-y 12th, 1776, the Provincial Congress ordered him to take 700 troops 
to Staten Island, to hold it against the enemy. — Minutes, 363. When the 
Provincial Congress decided, June 16th, 1776, to arrest Gov. William 
Franklin, that delicate task was entrusted to Col. Heard, the Congress 
"reposing great confidence in (his) zeal and prudence," and he promptly 
placed the Governor under arrest the next (Sunday) morning. — lb., 
467-8-61; N. J. Archives, X., 719-20. The Continental Congress having 
ordered Franklin to be sent to Connecticut, Heard set out thither with 
his prisoner, but halted with him at Hackensack, for which he was 
sharply reproved by Washington. — Minutes Provincial Congress, 475; 
Sparks's Washington, III., 446-8. Two or three weeks later Heard was 
busy, under orders from Washington, picking up suspicious characters 
at Amboy and on Staten Island. — Sparks's Washington, III., 451-2. His 
brigade was engaged in the disastrous battle of Long Island, in the 
subsequent retreat to Fort Lee, and thence southerly through New 
Jersey. — Force's Archives, 5th Series, II., passim; Memoirs N. J. Hist. 
Hoc, 111., passim; Sparks's Washington, IV., 432; N. T. Hist. Soc. Collec- 
tions, 1878, p. 404. Letters written by him from headquarters, Raritan, 
March 16th and April 1st, 1777, show his vigilance in detecting and 
arresting a British spy, and in taking care of British deserters. — N. J. 
Revolutionary Correspondence, 45; Penna. Archives, V., 262. On June 17th, 
1777, he reports from Pompton the arrest of several persons "charged 
with taking away in an unlawful manner some tea stored at Paramus, 

supposed to be near four hundred weight." — N. J. Rev. Cor., 69. On 

October 2d, 1778, his command marched from Woodbridge for Hacken- 
sack. — Sparks' s Washington, VI., 75; Gaines's N. Y. Mercury, passim. 
Heard's rigorous punishment of the enemies of American liberty made 
the British very bitter against him, and during 1776-7 they burned 
down two dwelling-houses, a bolting-house, a hatter's shop, a weaver's 
shop, wagon-house and a stable, besides carrying oflC his cattle, horses 
and crops, to his damage £2,189, 17, 6, as appears by his affidavit, re- 
corded in a MS. volume in the State Library. His dwelling-houses 
were two and a half stories high, with four rooms on a floor, well fur- 
nished, fifty feet in length. It is needless to say he was never reim- 
bursed for his great sacrifices for his country- Capt. Montresor, jof the 
British army, says sneeringly that he was a tavern-keeper, and un- 
wittingly pays a high compliment to his usefulness to the American 
cause by saying that it was one of the great blunders of the British 
that they did not buy him over to their side. — N. Y. Hist. Soc. Coll., 1881, 
p. 136. Gen. Heard lived in Woodbridge on the southeast corner of the 
old post-road and the road from Amboy. He had three sons — John, 
James and William — and four daughters. — Whitehead's Perth Amboy, 193, 
note. John and James also served in the army with distinction. It 
may be added tnat Gen. Heard was appointed one of the trustees of 
the free school of Woodbridge, in the charter given in 1769. In 1776 
he was elected town collector, and the people also voted to continue 
him as school trustee. He *died at Woodbridge, October 28th, 1792, 



aged 62 years.— Da Hy'* Woodbridge, passim; 2 N. J. Archives. L, 9-11. 
His will, dated July 6, 1776, describes him as "planter." He mentions 
wife Mary; devises all lands to sons John, James and William, to be 
divided among them equally, ("requesting them not to have any dis- 
pute In the division thereof in case of my decease before William will 
be of age and he to be maintained out of the estate"); daughters 
Phebe, Elizabeth, Mary and Sarah to have £400 each (to be paid out 
of the estate by the three sons), as they come of age. Executors — 
sons John, James and William Heard. Witnesses — George Herriot, 
Samuel Heard, Samuel F. Parker. The will was not changed during 
the sixteen years the testator lived thereafter. It was proved Decem- 
ber 6, 1792.-2^. J. Wills, Liber 31, f. 247. 


The Rev. Samuel Heaton was b. at Wrentham, Conn., in 1712, and 
was brought up a Presbyterian. He removed to New Jersey, with 
three brothers, about the year 1734, and settled near Black River, in 
the county of Morris, and there set up iron works. Becoming a Bap- 
tist, he began to preach in the vicinity of Schooly's Mountain, the 
result being a Baptist church there. In 1751 Mr. Heaton was ordained 
as a preacher, and the next year went to Mill Creek, in Virginia, and 
from thence to Konolovvay, where he founded another church. Being 
driven from thence by the Indians, he settled, next year, at Cape May. 
Thence he removed to Dividing Creek to settle a third church, in the 
care of which he died, in the 66th year of his age, Sept. 26, 1777. His 
wife was Abby Tuttle, by whom he had children: Samue^ (m. Rhoda 
Terry, May 12, 1783), Abia, Abigail, Eliona, and Sarah. This family he 
brought up in a decent way notwithstanding his poverty. His children 
married into families of the Colesons, Reeves, Lores, Garrisons, 
Clarks, Cooks, Johnsons, Terrys, and Kelsays. — Hist, of the Baptists in 
N. J., by Morgan Edwards. 


Thomas Henderson was born at Freehold, Monmouth county, in 
1743, where his father was a ruling elder in the Presbyterian cHurch, 
an office he himself afterwards held for forty years. Having gradu- 
ated at Princeton, he studied medicine with Dr. Nathaniel Scudder, 
and began practicing in 1765. He took an active part in the Revolu- 
tion, attaining to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in Heard's Brigade. 
In 1779 he was in the Continental Congress, and in 1795-1797 in the 
Federal Congress. Various local offices were also held by him. In 
1793 he was a member of the State Council from Monmouth county, 
and was Vice President of that body. We owe to him many of th3 
data in the very remarkable Life of the Rev. W.lliam Tennent, his 
manuscript being in the library of the New Jersey Historical Society. 
He died December 15, 1824. 


Samuel Henry was evidently a native of Ireland. He was the owner 
of large tracts of land in Trenton and elsewhere, including "the old 
iron works" at that place, at least as early as 1763, when he advertised 
a runaway servant. In 1765 he was one of the assignees of Jacob 
Roeters Hooper, of Trenton, who had made an assignment for the ben- 
efit of his creditors.— iyr. /. Archives, XXIV., 235. 631. He was one of 



the subscribers toward the salary' of the Rev. Efllhu Spencer, of the 
Presbyterian church in Trenton and vicinity, but was probably an 
E2piscopalian, as in his will he left a contingent legacy to the English 
Church of Trenton, and was burled In the yard of that church. He 
died May 10. 1784, aged 67 yeeLra.— HalVa Hist Prea. Church in Trenton, 
257. Henry's iron foundry and steel works were on the Assunpink 
creek, where it is crossed by State street.— Trenton One Hundred Tears 
Ago, by William S. Stryker, 4. Samuel Henry bought from the trus- 
tees for the creditors of Robert Smith, of New Hanover, Burlington 
county, April 22, 1738, a tract of land in Trenton. He and his wife 
Mary conveyed to Neal Leviston, of Trenton, May 29, 1759, a part of 
this tract: beginning at a stone corner of Neal Leviston and Daniel 
Belerjeau's, thence by the land of Samuel Henry 89 degs. east 90 ft. 
to Queen's street; along the same one deg. south. Witnesses— James 
Cummins, Joseph De Cou. — N. J. Deeds, Liber AH, f. 336. In the 
deed he is described as of Trenton, merchant. From the recitals in 
ihis deed we learn that he began buying land in Trenton as early as 
1738. The deed was acknowledged by Samuel Henry, March 23, 1774. 
Samuel Henry, who died in 1784, aged 67 years, was evidently his son, 
or Samuel Henry, 2d. Other purchases by Samuel Henry, 1st or 2d, 
were as follows: From John Allen, Sheriff, for £21, 10., May 9, 
1753, Lot 24, five acres, of the estate of David Martin, in the township 
of Trenton, in the hands of Theophilus Severns and Joseph Clayton. — 
N. J Deeds, Liber AF, f. 174. Enoch Andrus, of Trenton, late deceased, 
by his last will did give unto his son Joshua 200 acres in the township 
of Nottingham, situate on Assunpink Creek, being part of a tract 
bought of Thomas Cadwalader and Hannah his wife; said Joshua con- 
veyed the same to John Ely, June 11, 1741; Ely, for £600, conveyed to 
Samuel Henry, May 10, 1760.— ^T. J. Deeds, Liber AT, f. 160. Henry 
recovered a Judgment, in November, 1760, against Nathan Wright, for 
a debt of £300, in pursuance of which John Ba,rnes, sheriff of Hunter- 
don county, levied on a house and lot in Trenton, containing one quar- 
ter of an acre, bounded north by lands of Joseph Philips, west by 
Queen street, east by the Presbyterian church, south by Second street, 
and sold the same for £82 to Samuel Henry. — N. J. Deeds, Liber AW, 
f. 13. He advertised for sale, in 1768, a tract of land, on which he then 
lived: "There is on the said premises a good new farm house, also 
new barn, corn cribs and other useful houses to accommodate the 
plantation. There is. also a good grist mill, well built of good stone 
and lime, etc. The whole premises being about 1% miles from Tren- 
ton, 30 from Philadelphia and 30 from New Brunswick, and thence by 
water to New York." — N. J. Archives, 26: 14. In his will, dated May 8, 
1784, two days before his death, he is described as of Trenton, "Gentle- 
man." He sets forth with some particularity his extensive holdings of 
land. He disposes of his estate as follows: To Arthur, eldest son of 
my brother Alexander Henry of the Kingdom of Ireland, five shillings. 
To my son Samuel Henry, son of Mary Oglebee, all the land on the 
North side of my plantation: Beginning at James Chapman's to the 
line of Sarah Penyea and Barnt De Cline to land lately purchased from 
Isaiah Yard, and also a lot of woodland in Nottingham adjoining the 
plantation of Eliakim Anderson. To my son George Henry, son of the 
said Mary Oglebee, all of the residue of the plantation whereon I now 
live, which I purchased from Thomas Cadwalader, Samuel Burge and 
Peter Hankinson; also 50 acres of land in Nottingham, being land pur- 
chased from John Ely; also land on the North side of Maidenhead Road 
at Shabacunk, purchased from John Barns, late High Sheriff; also 26 
acres purchased from George Davis, together with the new house now 

128 ijr 


building: on my plantation, with the white house on Maidenhead Road; 
also to my son George Henry £260 in money and £250 in Quarter^ 
roasters liquidated certificates, to be paid him at 21. To each of my 
daughters, Frances and Mary Henry, daughters of the said Mary Ogie- 
hee, £500 in gold and silver money and £600 in liquidated certificates 
when they arrive at 18 years of age. To my son Samuel Henry, son 
of the said Mary Oglebee, the stone house and lot of land in Trenton 
at th^ corner near to the market house in which Jacob Bergen now 
keeps tavern: also that land known by the name of the old Iron 
Works, 27 V6 acres of land adjoining on the creek in the Township of 
Nottingham, purchased from Robt. L. Hooper and Margaret his wife; 
also land on the Northwest side of the road leading from Trenton to 
ray plantation, containing 8*^ acres, known by the name of Steel's lot; 
also 11% acres purchased from George Cottnam, being part of the 
estate of Abraham Cottnam, deceased, but if any dispute sheuld arise 
whereby a title for the same should not obtain, then give to him all 
the debts due to me from the estate of the said Abraham Cottnam in 
lieu thereof. Also to the said Samuel Henry, all of those several 
tracts of land and plantations in the township of Alexandrea, which I 
purchased from Isaac De Cou, late High-Sheriff; also all my share of 
lands lying on the Leigh High in the State of Pennsylvania, which I 
hold in partnership with William and George Henry and Col. John 
BIyard; also tract of land at the mouth of Mough Chunk Cr^ek in 
Pennsylvania; together with the residue of my real and personal estate 
whatsoever and wheresoever the same may be, to have and to hold. 
If my son George should die under age, or [not] have issue lawfully 
begotten, I give and devise all the estate herein given him to my said 
son Samuel, his heirs forever, subject to the payment of £250 apiece 
to my daughters Mary and Frances when they are 18. Whereas. 1 
have already an article of agreement and sold to Jacob Philips, Esq., 
land with a dwelling house and grist mill thereon, I empower my 
Executors to make conveyance of the same. Executors — Son Samuel. 
Abraham Hunt and Charles Axford. Witnesses — Obadiah Howell. 
Jacob Phillips, James Ledden. By a codicil dated the same day he 
gives unto Mary, daughter of William Yard, that stone house and land 
in Trenton, wherein Barnard Hanlon lately lived, to hold during the 
natural life of Nathan Wright; also the use and benefit of that lot of 
land herein first devised to my son Samtiel Henry, beginning at the 
corner of James Chapman's lot, taking in the bounds as in the said 
will, to hold until my son Samuel will be 21; also household furniture 
as my executors see fit, until my son Samuel will be 21, upon the con- 
dition that she shall move into the aforesaid Ijouse and care for all 
my said children, to wit: Samuel, George, Frances and Mary, and 
provide meat, drink, washing, lodging, m<ending and clothing until 
Samuel and George be sent to Princeton CoUedge for education and 
to receive them In at all vacancies [vacations], and other times when 
they may see fit ♦o come. In consideration of which my Executors to 
pay her £15 a year for each. Mentions a lot of land at the comer 
of the road near to John Ricky. Witness— Joseph Inslee, jun. By 
another codicil he provides: If my son Samuel Henry should die 
under 21 or [not] have Issue lawfully begotten, then I give out of his 
part of the estate before given him, to Alexander, son of my brother 
George Henry, £300; also/ to Frederick, son of my brother George, 
£300. If my son Samuel should die under 21, I give unto the Trustees 
of the English Church, Trenton, £300, % in gold and silver mone" % 
In liquidated certificates, to be put to Interest for the support of an 



Orthodox minister, and in case he should die as aforesaid, I then give 
to George Johnson of Trenton, £200, % in gold and silver money, % 
in liquidated certificates, and in case of his death as aforesaid, the 
residue of all the estate given him shall be equally divided between 
my son George and my daughters Frances and Mary. Witnesses — 
Obadiah Howell, JacobPhillps, James Ledden. The will and codicils 
were proved May 17, 1784.-37^. J. Wills, Liber 26, f. 208. The peculiar 
phraseology of the will suggests a query as to his relationship with 
Mary Oglebee. Was she his wife? Was she the Mary who joined with 
him as his wife in the deed of 1759? Was she living at the time of 
his death? He leaves her nothing in his will, and provides for the 
care of his children by Mar>-, dau. of William Yard. Issue: 

i. Samuel Henry, 3d, d. January 9, 1795, aged 24 yrs. 6 
mos., according to his tombstone in St. Michael's 
churchyard, Trenton; he was apparently unmarried 
and at the time of his father's death he was an in- 
fant, 14 years, and accordingly chose Abraham Hunt 
and Charles Axford as his guardians. Witnesses — 
Maskell Ewing, junior, William Houston. A. Hunt, 
Charles Axford, junior, and Isaac D. Cou signed the 
bond. He was of Trenton when he made his will, 
Sept. 6, 1794, proved Feb. 21, 1795. He gives to his 
brother George in fee simple all his estate, subject to 
the payment of legacies as follows: to sisters 
Frances and Mary Henry £800 In gold and silver 
money on arriving at the age of 18 years; to Mary, 
dau. of Dr. Nicholas Belville, "my household goods 
and furniture"; negro Peter to be set free. Execu- 
tors — brother George Henry and Charles Axford. 
Witnesses — Benjamin Smith, Peter Howell and John 
Bellerjeau.— 2\r. J. WilU, Liber 36, p. 144. 
11. George, m. Mary, dau. of Col. Thomas Lowry, of 
Hunterdon county; d. Oct. 23, 1846, aged 76 yrs.; she 
d. Jan. 23, 1804, aged 29 yrs. Says a newspaper of 
the day: "She was sitting by the fire, no other per- 
son in the room but an old helpless domestic, the 
former was seized with a violent fit and in her con- 
vulsion fell into the fire, from which she was not 
rescued until her clothes were almost entirely con- 
sumed and herself so shockingly burned that her life 
is despaired of." She died the same evening, 
iii. Frances, 
iv. Mary. 


Archibald Home was distinguished in his immediate circle as a man 
of much literary ability, but modest and retiring, and probably deli- 
cate in frame. He was in America as early as 1733. and mingled in 
the best society In New York. The first ofilcial mention o? him is his 
presentation of a bill to the Council of New Jersey, in September, 1736, 
for "two pounds ten Shillings due to him for his Charges in bringing 
Down the Commission Seal &c from New York to Amboy after Col: 
Cosbys Death."— iV^. J. Archives, XIV., 534. The office of Secretary of 
the Province of New Jersey was held about this time by one Burnet, 
in Engrland, who farmed it out to a Deputy in New Jersey. Home 
succeeded Lawrence Smyth, of Perth Amboy, as Deputy Secretary, 



sometime between June 23, 1738, and March 23, 1739.— Papers of L^is 
MorrU, 132; 2^. J. Archives, XIV., 555; XV., 92. In this capacity he also 
acted as Secretary of the Council. Under date of October 18. 1740. 
Governor Morris recommended Home for a seat in the Council, to 
succeed Robert Lettice Hooper, deceased, although, he says, Home 
was "not expecting or desiring" such elevation. — Papers of Lewis Morris, 
122; N. J. Archives, VI., 109. The recommendation was approved by 
the King in Council, April 23. 1741, his commission was dated May 29, 
1741, and he took his seat as a member of the New Jersey Council. 
October 31, 1741.~P«per» of Lewis Morris, 127, 122, note; N. J. Archives, 
XV.. 220-221. The Journal of the Council shows that he was very 
faithful in his attendance on the sessions of that body. He was one 
of the earliest members of the American Philosophical Society, at 
Philadelphia, in 17iZ'i.— Sparks' s Franklin, VI., 14, 29. He appears to 
have resided at Trenton, and died in the latter part of March, 1744, 
his funeral sermon being preached on Sunday, April 1, 1744. He was 
buried in a vault under the broad aisle of the First Presbyterian 
church in that city; this vault was revealed when the church was 
taken down in 1805. His will was dated February 24. 1743. proved 
October 5, 1744; the executors were Robert Hunter Morris. Thomas 
Cadwallader and his brother, James Home, of Charleston, South Caro- 
lina, to whom he bequeathed all his property. The testator's device 
on his seal was an adder holding a rose, the crest of a prominent 
Home family in Scotland. — Hall's First Pres, Church in Trenton, 150-152. 
A curious and interesting memento of his literary ability turned up in 
London in June, 3890, when a London bookseller offered for sale a 
manuscript volume entitled: 



Several Occasions 


Archibald Home, Esqr. 

late Secretary, and One of His 

MAJE^STIES Council for the province of 

New Jersey, North America. 

This volume was purchased by the writer of this note, but was lost 
in the great fire at Paterson in 1902. It was a small quarto volume, 
neatly bound In old calf, containing 15 pages of preliminary matter, 
130 pages of Poems by Home, and 16 pages of Appendix, poems by 
Home and some of his friends, the whole beautifully engrossed, evi- 
dently after the death of Mr. Home, by a professional penman. Vari- 
ous bards emulated each other in singing the praise of their departed 
friend, but none in more tuneful numbers than a lady, A. Coxe: 

Great Judge of Numbers! when He struck the Lyre, 
'Twas Attic Harmony, and Roman Fire; 
Anaacreon's Ease; Gay Horace's sprightly Art: 
And Ovid's melting Language of the Heart; 
But (like Roscommon) Chaste; He scorn'd to use 
The pert, low Turn, and prostitute the Muse; 
His happy Thought with Elegance express' d. 

Yet not for Gifts like these, esteem' d alone, 
In social Life the bright Companion shone; 
The candid Friend, Ingenious, Firm and Kind \ 
Who polish' d Sense to Faultless manners joined >• 
And ev'ry manly Virtue of the Mind. ) 

Mr. Home's poems consisted of translations from Ovid, Horace, and 
the French; epigrams from the classics; Latin verses; ''Elegy: On the 
much to be lamented Death of George Fraser of Elizabeth Town," a 



humorous bit in Scotch dialect; "Prologue: intended for the second 
opening of the Theatre at New-York, Anno 1739;" verses addressed 
to various ladies; "On a Dispute, between two Scotchmen [Dr. Archi- 
bald Ramsay and Qulnton Malcolm], at a S. Andrews Feast in New- 
York Anno 1733;" "On killing a Book-Worm"; and occasional verses, 
of various degrees of merit. In an Imitation of the "First Satyr" of 
Horace he thus philosophizes: 

Life's Golden Mean who steadily pursues 
Will Fortune's Gift by no Extreme abuse: 
Ten, or Ten Thousand Acres let her give 
In due Proportion still that Man will live; 
And whether Roots or Ragouts are his Diet, 
Alike will dine, alike will sleep in Quiet. 
In Time be wise, & give your Labour o'er 
Enough acquir'd, why should you toil for more? 
Has Heaven been pleased your industry to bless | 
To Heav'n by use your Gratitude express, V 

The more you have, the Risk of Want's the less. ) 

His Elegj- on George Fraser begins: 

Jersey! lament in briny tears. 

Your Dawty's gane to his Forbears: 

Wae worth him! Death has clos'd the Sheers, 

And clip'd his Thread: 
Just in the Prime of a' his Years 

George Fraser' s dead. 
Sure Heav'n beheld our Courses thrawn, 
And him in Anger has withdrawn; 
This Tide o' Grief, poor Parson Vaughan 

Can never stem it: 
Nae mair the Blythesome day shall dawn, 

On thee, George Emmott! 

The Elegy concludes: 

Weel, since from weeping us he's riv'n 
Just at the Age of Forty Seven, 
May to his Hands the Staff be given 

Which he on Earth 
Refus'd, and Constable in Heav'n 

Be George's Berth! 

The Prologue above referred to, on the second opening of the 
Theatre in New- York, Anno 1739, was printed from this copy, in the 
Collections of the Dunlap Society, Second Series, New York, 1899. 


Christopher Hooglandt (son of Christoflfel Hooglandt, the progen- 
itor of the family in America) was baptised in Kew York, Nov. 24, 
1669; he married 1st, Sarah Tellet or Teller, Feb. 15, 1695; 2d, Helena, 
daughter of John and Adrianna Middagh, prior to Aug. 6, 1696. He 
lived at Flatlands, L. I., but in 1711 he bought from Cornelius Powell 
a tract of land in Piscataway, Middlesex county, on the east side of 
the Raritan river, and in 1727 bought 250 acres on the Millstone river. 
He died in 1748, and was interred in the family burying ground, where 
his remains still repose.— 7'Ae Hoagland Family in America^ by Daniel 
Hoogland Carpenter, 1897, pp. 63-64. A notice for settling the estate 
of Christopher Hooglandt is advertised in N. J. Archives, 24: 233. 


Francis Hopkinson. afterwards one of the signers of the Declaration 
of Independence, was a son of Thomas Hopkinson, an Englishman of 
brilliant accomplishments, who married, in 1736, Mary Johnson, a niece 
of the Bishop of Worcester. Thomas was Deputy Clerk of the Orphans' 
Court of Philadelphia for several years under Charles Read, and on 
the death of the latter, in 1736, was appointed to fill the vacancy. It 



was a singular coincidence that thirty -six years later his son, Francis, 
should have been named to succeed in an important station his own 
former patron's son, Charles Read, the younger. Ftancis was bap-- 
tized in Christ church, Philadelphia, November 12, 1737, being at the 
time seven weelcs old. — Hist. Burlington and Mercer Counties, 468; Records 
Christ Church. He was liberally educated, and so far departed from the 
ordinary curriculum of the time as to familiarize himself with the 
Dutch language, utilizing his knowledge in making a translation of the 
Psalms, etc., for the Dutch church at New York, in 1765, for which he 
received £145. With the money thus earned he sailed for Bngland in 
1766, remaining abroad more than a year, being the guest of his rela- 
tive, the Bishop of Worcester. On September 1, 1768, he became iden- 
tified with New Jersey thus, in the eloquent language of a Bordentown 
correspordent of the Pennsylvania Chronicle of the day: 

"On Thursday last Francis Hopkinson, Esq., of Philadelphia, was 
joined in the Velvet Bands of HYMEN, to Miss Nancy Borden, of this 
place, a lady amiable both for her internal as well as external Accom- 
plishments, and in the words of a celebrated poet: 

" 'Without all shining, and within all white. 
Pure to the sense, and pleasing to the sight.' " 
Ann Borden was a daughter of Judge Joseph Borden, the son of the 
founder of Bordentown. Probably about the time of his marriage, Mr. 
Hopkinson took up his residence at Bordentown, where he remained 
for several years. — Hist. Burlington and Mercer Counties, 468-9. He still 
retained his connection with Pennsylvania, however, being a vestry- 
man and acting as organist at times for Christ church, Philadelphia. — 
Dorr's Hist. Christ Church, 298. On May 1. 1772, he was appointed Col- 
lector of Customs at New Castle, on the Delaware. — Penn. Archives, IV., 
461. He was licensed as an attorney and counsellor of New Jersey, 
May 8, 1775. — Vroom's Sup. Ct. Rules, 60, 94. On June 22, 1776, he was 
appelated by the Provincial Congress as one of the delegates from New 
Jersey to the Continental Congress. — Minutes Provincial Congress, etc., 
473. The journals of the latter body show that Mr. Hopkinson pre- 
sented the instructions under which he and his colleagues were to act. 
He signed the Declaration of Independence. The Legislature in joint 
meeting on September 4, 1776, appointed him one of the Associate 
Justices of the Supreme Court, but he declined the office. — Vroom's Sup. 
Ct. Rules, 47. The Continental Congress appointed him, November 6, 
1776, one of three persons to constitute the Continental Navy Board. — 
Journals of Congress; Penn. Col. Records, XI., 260. Some account of a 
quarrel he had at Bordentown in this capacity, in 1778, will be found 
in the Hist. Mag., TIL, 202-3. The Pennsylvania Legislature appointed 
him, July 16, 1779, Judge of Admiralty, which office he held by suc- 
cessive appointments until the court was superseded in 1789 by the 
Federal Courts.— Pen^. Col. Records, XII., 49, 307, 567-73-84; XV., 191; 
XVI., 99. Mr. Hopkinson' s connection with New Jersey, slight as it 
had been, appears to have ceased from 1779, and he became identified 
exclusively with his native State. Shortly after the accession of Wash- 
ington to the Presidency, he appointed Mr. Hopkinson Judge of the 
United States District Court for Pennsylvania; he continued in that 
office until his death. May 9, 1791. Mr. Hopkinson was more famous 
as a clever, ingenious and .witty political writer, essayist and poet, 
than as a statesman or judge. He was something of an artist and 
musician as well. One of the fullest sketches of his life and varied 
accomplishments is to be found in the History of Burlington and Mer- 
cer Counties, 468-9. Duyckinck's Cyclopedia of American Literature 
(I., 209) dwells more upon the literary side of his character. — 2f. J. 
Archives, X., 426-8. 




Azariah Horton was the son of Rev. Azariah Horton, of South Han- 
over (Madison), New Jersey. In his will his father gave to him his 
"whole library of books and pamphlets, except Flavel's works, Henry's 
and Dickinson's, and several hereinafter named. My two walking 
canes, and a silver spoon marked I. T. M;" "and my further wish is 
that my negro wench Phillis, and her two sons Pompey and Pizarro, be 
sold, the money arising from the sale to be equally divided between 
my wife and son Foster, and daughter Hannah." Azariah received no 
share of the sale of the negroes. The son graduated at Princeton Col- 
lege in 1770. In 1779 he entered the American army, and was com- 
missioned Lieutenant Colonel Deputy Commissary-General of Musters, 
April 6, 1779. He d. in 1793. 


The Rev. Michael Houdin was born in France in 1705. He was edu- 
cated for the priesthood, and became Superior of a Franciscan Convent 
at Montreal. Leaving the Church of Rome, he entered the Church of 
England in New York in 1747. In June, 1750, he says, "having my 
residence in New York, I heard of repeated complaints made by gentle- 
men and principal inhabitants of this place [Trenton], Allen's Town 
and Borden's Town, it being for many years destitute of a Church of 

England minister; and without any sort of application of mine 

some of them were pleased to press me by letter to come amongst 
them." This led to the organization of St. Michael's Church, of Tren- 
ton, in 1755 — the name being probably an unintentional compliment to 
the first Rector. In 1759 he was ordered by Lord Loudon to accom- 
pany General Wolfe to Quebec, as his guide, on account of his famil- 
iarity with the country, and he was retained in the army some time. 
FYom Canada he was sent as missionary to New Rochelle, Westchester 
county, N. Y., where he died, in October, 1766. 


William Churchill Houston was born about 1746 in Sumter county. 
South Carolina, son of a prominent and wealthy planter, who was a 
member of the Society of Friends. His father, in deference to the views 
of the Society, refused to give his son a liberal education, but at last 
consented to furnish him a horse, equipments, clothes and fifty pounds 
in money, to do with as he pleased. The young man gladly accepted 
the compromise and made his way to Princeton, where he entered the 
College of New Jersy in the freshman year. In order to defray his 
expenses he also took charge of the grammar school connected with 
the college, and taught It while keeping up with his classes in college. 
He graduated in 1768 with distinguished -honor, receiving from the 
authorities a silver medal. On graduating, he was continued as tutor^ 
until 1771, when he was appointed the first professor of mathematics 
and natural philosophy, the duties of which chair he discharged for 
twelve years with fidelity and signal ability. From his orders on the 
treasurer of the College, in 1770, and a receipt to that oflficer in 1773, 
both in the Dreer Collection, in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 

^Writing from Nassau Hall, September 30, 1769, James Madison men- 
tions that the trustees "have chosen for tutors for the ensuing year, 
for the junior class, Mr. Houston from North Carolina, in the room of 
Mr. Jfeream." .... — Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, 
New York, 1884, L, 3. 



It would appear that his yearly salary was something like £40 Jersey 
money, or about |100. Tounsr as he was, the Continental Conerress 
selected him to serve as Deputy Secretary of that body, and he offici- 
ated as such durinsT a part of 1776 and 1776. Two documents in his 
handwriting, and signed by him as Deputy Secretary, one of 22 Decem- 
ber, 1776, and another of 1 May (1776 ?), are in the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania. He was treasurer of the College, 1779-1783, and acted 
as librarian also for a time. When the institution was suspended, in 
1776. he was appointed by the Provincial Congress, Feb. 28, 1776, Cap- 
tain in the 2d Regiment of foot militia in the county of Somerset, serv- 
ing in that capacity until Aug. 17, 1777, when he wrote the Provincial 
Coigress "that, from his connexion with the college in the absence of 
Dr. Witherspoon. & other circumstances, he cannot pay the due atten- 
tion to his company, & begging leave to resign his commission." His 
resignation was accordingly accepted. He was elected to the second 
Assembly, from Somerset county, taking his seat Oct. 28, 1777, and 
was re-elected a year later, but vacated his office June 11, 1779, on his 
election (May 26) as a delegate to the Continental Congress. As Just 
stated, the New Jersey Legislature in joint meeting on May 26. 1779, 
elected Mr. Houston to be one of the delegates of New Jersey to the 
Continental Congress. He was re-elected to that body Nov. 17, 1779, 
Nov. 23, 1780, Nov. 2, 1781, and after an interval of three years was 
again elected to Congress on Oct. 29. 1784. In the deliberations an'^ 
measures of that body he took an active and prominent part. Several 
of his letters, while in Congress, to Crovernor Livingston, show that he 
possessed a clear and intelligent perception of the critical situation of 
the country, and of the measures best calculated to improve its con- 
dition. In the meantime he studied law with Richard Stockton, of 
Princeton, and was admitted to the New Jersey Bar at the April term. 
1781. Determined to address himself exclusively to the practice of his 
chosen profession, he resigned his professorship, and also his office 
as treasurer of the College, in 1783, and removed to Trenton, where he 
soon acquired a considerable practice, notwithstanding his rigid deter- 
mination that he would never undertake a cause which he did not 
believe to be Just. He received the appointment of Clerk of the 
Supreme Court, Sept. 28, 1781. He resigned this office March 17, 1786. 
but was re-elected the same day, and continued in that position until 
his death. He was Receiver of Continental Taxes, 1782-1786. It has 
been stated that he held the office of Surrogate of Hunterdon county, 
but no evidence has been found in support of that assertion. He was 
one of the five commissioners appointed by Congress to adjust the dis- 
pute between Pennsylvania and Connecticut, in relation to the Wyoming 
lands. They met at Trenton, November 12 -December 30, 1782, and their 
award, though acceptable to neither side, did avoid a very threatening 
situation. The New Jersey Legislature appointed Mr. Houston, on 
March 21, 1786, to represent New Jersey at the Annapolis Convention, 
giving the delegates larger powers than those vested in the representa- 
tives from other states, thus paving the way for the Federal Conven- 
tion a year and a half later. On Nov. 23, 1786, the Legislature ap- 
pointed Mr. Houston, together with David Brearly, William Paterson 
and John Neilson, to represent New Jersey in the Federal Convention, 
which met at Philadelphia in 1787. and framed the National Constitu- 
tion. William Livingston and Abraham Clark were added to the dele- 
tion. May 18, 1787, and Jonathan Dayton on June 6, 1787. Mr. Houston 
had been detained at home by illness, but was present to help form 
the quorum which was obtained on May 26, 1787. On June 6 he was 
absent. (Madison to Jefferson, June 6, 1787.) On July 17, 1787. when 



the Convention had under consideration the clause relatingr to the 
Presidency, Mr. Houston moved to strike out the paragraph maklngr 
the President of the United States Inellerlble for a second term, and 
his motion was carried. (Mn Bancroft, however, says this motion was 
made by Mr. William Houston, of Georerla. The published reports of 
the Convention merely mention "Mr. Houston" as taking part in the 
proceedings that day; but in the Indices to Qllpln's ed. of Madison's 
Papers, II., 1124; Ellllot's Debates, V.. 325, and to the Documentary 
History of the Constitution, published by Congress in 1900. the motion 
In question is attributed to William Churchill Houston.) His name 
does not appear among those who signed the Constitution, probably 
because of his absence on account of declining health, which had ren- 
dered him unable to remain in the Convention after July 23. He signed 
the report made to the Legislature by the New Jersey delegates to the 
Convention. In order, if possible, to regain his former strength, he 
resolved to go South, but was stricken down suddenly at Frankford, 
near Philadelphia, and died there on August 12, 1788.i The Pennsyl- 
vania Packet, and Dally Advertiser, No. 2973, August 13, 1788, contains 
this brief announcement of his death and of the funeral services: 
"Yesterday morning died on his way to this city, the Hon. William 
Churchill Houston. Esq. late of Trenton, formerly one of the Repre- 
sentatives in Congress from the State of New-Jersey. — The citizens 
are respectfully requested to attend his funeral from the house of Mr. 
Sergeant, in Arch-street, This Morning, at Eight o'clock." The Penn- 
sylvania Gazette and the Pennsylvania Journal make no mention of 
Mr. Cburchill's decease. He was buried in the yard of the Second 
Presbyterian church. Which then stood at the northwest corner of Arch 
and Third streets, Philadelphia. Mr. Churchill married Jane, daughter 
of the Rev. Caleb Smith, pastor of the First Presbyterian church of 
Orange, New Jersey. His wife's mother was I^rtha (m. Sept. 7, 1748, 
d. Aug. 10, 1757), youngest daughter of the Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, 
the first President of Princeton College. Mrs. Houston died in 1796, 
aged forty-one, and is buried In Lawrenceville cemetery. 

1. William Churchill, a successful merchant in Philadelphia, who 

married Susan Somers. of Philadelphia. 

2. Louisa Ann, married Dr. John Vancleve, of Princeton. 

3. Elizabeth, married Horace G. Phillips, who removed to Day- 

ton. Ohio, about 1804. 

4. George S., married Mary Forman. 

The foregoing account of William Churchill Houston has been com- 
piled from a biographical notice by William C. Alexander, published 
In the New Yoik Observer, of March 18, 1858, and reproduced in great 
part in Hall's Hist. Presbyterian Church in Trenton, p. 308; Cooley's 
Genealogy of Early Settlers in Trenton and Ewing, N. J., pp. 124-128; 
Correspondence of the Executive of N. J. during the Revolution; Min- 
utes Provincial Congress of N. J., 395, 541; Minutes of the Legislature, 
and of the Joint Meeting, passim; Princeton University General Cat- 
alogue. Other sources are noticed in the text. Since the foregoing wa^ 
written there has appeared tKe fullest sketch of Mr. Houston yet pub- 
lished — ^by Thomas Allen Glenn, Norristown, Pa., 1903, 8vo, pp. 96. 

^David Evans, cabinet maker, of Philadelphia, enters in his day- 
book, August 12, 1788: "Made a coffin for William Churchill Houston 
Elsq. of Trenton, who died at Geiss's tavern, on Frankford road." — 
Fcnn. Mag. of Hist, and Biop., XXVII., 50. 




David Howell, a native of New Jersey, graduated from Princeton 
College In 1766. He subsequently removed to Providence, Rhode 
Island, and was for three years a tutor in the College of Rhode 
Island (Brown University) ; for nine years he was Professor of Natural 
Philosophy; for thirty years Professor of Law; for fifty- two years a 
member of the Board of Fellows, and for many years Secretary of the 
Corporation. He represented Rhode Island in the Continental Con- 
gress from 1782 to 17S5. In 1812 he was appointed United States Judge 
tor the District of Rhode Island, and this office he held until his death. 
July 9, 1824. 


Joseph Hugg, 1st, a descendant of John Hugg, the founder of the 
family in Old Gloucester, settled at Gloucester Point in 1722, where he 
kept the ferry and inn for several years. He d. in 1757, leaving two 
children — Samuel and Joseph, 2d. The latter was probably the Joseph 
"Hogg," joiner, in Philadelphia, who advertised land for sale on Little 
Timber creek, Gloucester, in 1752 and 1753.-2^. J. Archives, XIX., 183, 
268. He was Sheriff of Gloucester county in 1769. The will of Joseph 
Hugg, Esqr., of Gloucester Town and County, dated March 10, 1795, was 
proved December 12, 1796, at Woodbury. The testator gives his wife 
Elizabeth his furniture, carriage, two horses, and £60 half yearly dur- 
ing life; divides "my plantation where I live" between his two sons — 
Joseph and George Washington; devises to son Isaac "my plantation 
at Great Egg Harbour, in Galloway township, late Richard Westcoat's;" 
gives his daughter, Elizabeth Kennard, wife of Samuel Kennard, £400, 
some silver, etc.; to grandson, John Hampton (apparently son of a 
deceased daughter), £300, "and I commit him to the care of his uncle 
Joseph;" also mentions his brother, Samuel Hugg. Executors — sons 
Joseph and Isaac, and son-in-law, Saml. Kennard, junior. Witnesses — 
Charles West, Jas. B. Cooper, Saml. Flaningam. In a codicil, dated the 
same day, he says he has "heard of my son Isaac S. Hugg's death," 
and divides that son's share between his dau. Elizabeth and his grand- 
son, John Hampton. Witnesses — Edward Lucas, Henry Shevileer, 
Amos Pearce. In a second codicil, dated Nov. 19, 1796, he says: "Hav- 
ing lately sold my land in Gloucester township near Long Coming to 
several persons in the Neighborhood, I hereby empower and direct my 
Executors to make good Conveyances;" and he appoints his son, George 
Washington Hugg, one of his executors. The inventory of his estate, 
taken Dec. 6, 1796. by James Hurley and Jno. Brick, footed up £2973. 
3, 10%.— Lift. No. 36 of Wills, f. 206. 


William Hugg was a great-grandson of John Hugg, who came from 
the parish of Castle Ellis, in the County of Wexford, Ireland. He was 
a Friend, and refusing to pay a tax to repair the church at Rosanellis, 
Queen's County, in 1669, was imprisoned. In 1683 he bought 500 acres 
of land of Robert Zane, on Little Timber creek, near the Delaware. 
His house is supposed to have been on the site of Fort Nassau, con- 
structed by the Dutch in l&2Z.—Cl€mait's First Settlers of Newton Town- 
ship, 284. William was living at Gloucester in 1766.— 2\r. J. Archives, 
XXV., 265, 274. He kept tavern there in 1767.-/6., 374. 


HUNTS R— First and Second 


John Hughes was a grrandson of John Hughes and Jane Evans, of 
Merionethshire, Wales. In 1680 their son, Hugh, then nine years old. 
ran away and came to America, whither his parents followed him 
settling in Upper Merlon, now in Montgomery County. Pa. Hugh, 
their only child, married Martha, only daughter of Hugh and Martha 
Tones, of Upper Merlon. He was a tanner, in Philadelphia. Hugh 
Hughes had four children, among them John, who m. Sarah Jones in 
1738, and died in Charleston, S. C, Feb. 1, 1772, aged 60 years; he was 
the Stamp Distributor for Philadelphia. His younger brother, Hugh 
Hughes, was in business in New York at the beginning of the Revolu- 
tion, was an active "Son of Liiberty," was Deputy Quartermaster 
General of the Continental Army, and Quartermaster General 
of the State of New York during the Revolution. He died at 
Tappan, N. Y., March 29, 1802, In his 75th year. Both John and Hugh 
left descendants in New Jersey. The latter. Col. Hugh Hughes, had a 
granddaughter, Sydney Maria Stolesbury, who m. Philemon Dicker- 
son, Governor of New Jersey. 1836; member of Congress, 1840-41, and 
U. S. District Court Judge, 1841-63; she d. in Paterson, N. J., in 1900. 


Abraham Hunt, b. 1740; d. Oct. 27, 1821. He was appointed Post- 
master of Trenton, Jan. 10, 1764, for three years, and again, Oct. 13, 
1775, for a like term. It was at his house that the Hessian Colonel 
Rail spent Christmas night. 1776, in such hilarious fastivities as to 
make him neglectful of Washington's approach. 

REV. SAMUEL HUNTER, ist and 2d. 

Andrew Hunter, 1st, was a native of Ireland. He was licensed to 
preach by the Presbytery of New Brunswick, May 28, 1745, and was 
pastor of the churches at Greenwich and Fairfield, Cumberland county, 
1746-60, and of Fairfield alone from 1760 until his death, July 28. 1775. 
Princeton college conferred on him the honorary degree of A. M. in 
1760. He m. Ann, a cousin of Richard Stockton, the signer of the 
Declaration of Independence; she was buried in the Presbyterian 
churchyard, in Trenton, in October. 1800. — WehsUr'a Hist. Presbyterian 
Church, 505; Elmer's Cumberland County, 103; Hall's Hist. Pres. Church in 
Trenton, 341. His son (?) Andrew S. Hunter, received from Princeton 
coUege the honorary degree of A. M. in 1802; at the September term 
of the New Jersey Supreme Court, in the same year, he was licensed 
as an attorney, and three years later as a counsellor-at-law. He prac- 
tised in Trenton. — Princeton General Catalogues', N. J. Supreme Court 
Rules. He probably had practised law in some other State before 
settling In New Jersey. 

Andrew Hunter. 2d, was a son of David Hunter, a British oflScer, 
and was a nephew^ of the Rev. Andrew Hunter, of Fairfield. He was 
born in Virginia, in 1752. He was graduated from Princeton college 
in 1772, and entered upon the study of divinity wlh his uncle, being 
licensed by the Presbytery of Philadelphia about the middle of June, 
1774. He seems to have been master of an academy at Wilmington 
about this time. Immediately after being licensed he went on a mis- 
sionary tour in Pennsylvania and Virginia. He was a member of the 
Greenwich "tea party," Nov. 22, 1774. On the breaking out of active 
hostilities, at the beginning of the Revolution, he entered the army. 


HUNTS R--8eoond 

beinsT commissioned chaplain of Col. Stephen Van Cortlandt's bat- 
talion, Heard's brigade, of the New Jersey militia, June 28, 1776; chap- 
lain Third battalion, second establishment, Continental army, Jersey 
Line, June 1, 1777; chaplain to General Maxwell's brigade, June 15, 
1777; chaplain Third regiment and brigade, Sept. 26, 1780; discharged 
at the close of the war. He received the personal thanks of Gen. 
Washington for his conduct at the Battle of Monmouth. He was taken 
prisoner in the raid by the British to Elizabethtown, but escaped. It 
is probable that he was somewhat feeble in health, and that his 
strength was still further impaired by his military experiences. We 
have no further account of his labors until 1789, when he was 
pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Woodbury, and represented 
his Presbytery in the General Assembly of his denomination at 
Philadelphia. He was again a member of that body in 1794, when 
he served on an important committee having charge of the re- 
vision and printing of a report relating to the Confession of Faith and 
Form of Government of the Presbyterian Church in the United States. 
He appears to have occupied the pulpit of the Woodbury church for 
several years prior to 1800, being succeeded by the Rev. Thomas 
Picton. In 1791 he and others received from Joseph Bloomfleld, after- 
wards Governor of New Jersey, a deed for a plot of land, for the erec- 
tion of an academy thereon. He became principal of this academy 
and conducted a classical school there for some years, until he was 
obliged to give it up on account of ill health; for the same reason we 
find him, in 1803, cultivating a farm near Trenton. He was a trustee 
of Princeton college, 1788-1804, when he resigned to accept the pro- 
fessorship of mathematics and astronomy. This position he retained 
until 1808, when he relinquished it for the purpose of assuming charge 
of an academy at Bordentown. Here he remained until 1810, when he 
was appointed a chaplain in the United States navy, being stationed 
at the Washington navy yard. On giving up his professorship at 
Princeton, in 1808, he was again elected a trustee of the college, until 
1811. He owned considerable property in and near Princeton, his resi- 
dence being afterwards occupied by Prof. Arnold Guyot. His wife d. 
there, after 1807. He maintained close relations with the Rev. James 
F. Armstrong, pastor of the Presbyterian church in Trenton, fre- 
quently preaching for him. Mr. Hunter died in Burlington, Feb. 24, 
1823. He m. 1st, Ann Riddell; 2d, Mary Stockton, a dau. of Richard 
Stockton, signer of the Declaration. Issue: 

i. David, b. in Washington, D. C, July 21, 1802; gradu- 
ated at West Point in 1822, and served with great 
distinction in the Civil War as a Major General; d. 
at Washington, Feb. 2, 1886. 
ii. Lewis Boudlnot, b. in Princeton, Oct. 9, 1804; graduated 
there in 1824, and at the medical department of the 
University of Pennsylvania in 1828; Surgeon U. S. 
army In the Mexican War, and during the Civil War 
as fleet surgeon under Admiral David Porter, 
iii. Mary Manners, m., 1st, Lieut. .Samuel Witham Stock- 
ton, U. S. A.; 2d, July 8, 1852, the Rev. Charles 
Hodge, D. D., of Princeton Theological Seminary; 
she d. Feb. 28, 1880. 
— See Alexander's Princeton College in the Eighteenth Century, 153; Gilletfs 
Hist. Pres. Ch. in the U. 8. A., 1: 287, 311; 2: 16; Hall's Hist. Pres. 
Ch. in Trenton, 341; Strpkcr's Officers and Men of N. J. in the Revolution, 
76, 379; Journal of Philip Vickcrs Fithian, 7, 157, 162, 164, 216, &c.; 

140 / 


J B li F— First and Second : J O N B S 

Hageman'8 Hist, of Princeton and its Institutions, 1: 88; 2: 105, 271, 408; 
Carter's Woodbury and Vicinity, cited in Hist, of Gloucester, Salem and 
Cape May Counties, 176; Life of Charles Hodge, D. D., LL. D., 391, 392; 
2^. J. Archives, 2d Series, 3; 108. 


Michael Hunter, by will dated June 12, 1768, proved July 8, 1768, in 
New York, grives "all my hole Estate Wages Sum and sums of money 
Lands Tenements Goods Chattels and Estate whatsoever . . . unto 
my loving Eare Phillip Burgin," whom he also appoints sole executor. 
The will is recorded in Liber 21 of Wills in the Surrogate's office of N. 
Y. county, p. 56. Hunter was probably a mariner. 


The Rev. Wilhelmus Jackson studied in Holland four years, and on 
returning to America was licensed in 1757 to preach, and was pastor 
of the Reformed Dutch churches of Bergen and Staten Island, 1757- 
1789, He died in 1813. He was noted as a powerful preacher, with a 
far-reaching voice, rivaling Whitefleld as an open-air speaker. 

JOSEPH JELF, 1st and 2d. 

Joseph Jelf was a resident of Elizabethtown at least as early as 
1738, for on July 5, of that year, his wife Sarah died, aged 37 years, 
and was buried in the First Presbyterian churchyard. 

Joseph Jelf, 2d, made an affidavit in 1757, that he was of full age, 
and that he had lived for upwards of three years with Samuel Wood«- 
niff, as his clerk and bookkeeper. A few years later he was in part- 
nership with his former employer. — U. J. Archives, XX., 124; XXIV., 
303. He married Susanna Hampton, who d. April 27, 1792, in her 57th 
year, and is buried in St. John's churchyard, Elizabethtown. Their 
daughter Sally, b. March 29, 1766, survived to the extraordinary age 
of 104 years, dying April 23, 1870. — Tombstone Inscription. Mr. Jelf d. 
Sept. 30. 1772. 


The circumstances attending the appointment of Nathaniel Jones to 
the office of Chief Justice of New Jersey, and his futile efforts 
to assume the position, make one of the most interesting episodes in 
the history of our Supreme Court. 

Soon after Grov. Lewis Morris entered upon the duties of his office of 
Governor of New Jersey, he issued a commission, dated March 12, 1738, 
appointing his son, Robert Hunter Morris, to the office of Chief Justice 
of the Province, "for during good behaviour in the same," although 
his predecessor, Robert Lettice Hooper, had been commissioned by 
royal warrant dated February 29, 1727-8, only "during the royal pleas^ 
ure."— iV. J, Archives, IX., 206-7, 230, 235. In a letter dated Amboy, 
Aurust 10, 1760, to Gcv. Thomas Boone, Morris grives these interesting 

"In 1738 I was appointed Chief Justice of this Province, during good 
behaviour; and Continued in the Exercise of that Office till 1749, when 
at the request of His Majesty's Council, I went to England, to lay be^ 
fore the Ministry the state of the Colony, then disturbed by frequent 
Riots, and thrown into the utmost disorder and Confusion. 

"In March 1754, Just before I was named to the Government of Pen- 



Bllvanla, I wrote to the Board of Trade, desiring their Lordships 
'would give me Leave to Resign the Office of Chief Justice.' I had no 
answer to that Letter; And therefore as I passed through New Jersey 
to Pensilvania, I made the same request of the Governor and Council; 
But they declined Accepting my Resignation, Saying the Offices were 
not incompatible, and the Provinces only separated by a River. 

"I went on then in the Discharge of the Duties of the Place, as well 
as the Perplexed Affairs of Pensilvania would permit, till 1756, when 
having Resigned that Government, I Returned to New Jersey and 
Remaind in the full Exercise of the Office till October 1767. 

"I beg leave to observe that in All this time; a space of near four 
years, I had not the least Intimation, that the Board of Trade con- 
sidered my Request of March 1754 as a Resignation. 

"In October 1757, I obtained Leave from the President of the Council 
to go to England; During my stay there, I Received Information from 
America, that Mr. Ainsley was. Pursuant to his Majesty's Mandamus, 
Appointed Chief Justice of this Province: I Expressed my surprise 
thereon to your Predecessor, then in London; And Endeavoured to see 
the Earl of Halifax, but was so unfortunate as not to have an oppor- 
tunity of speaking to his Lordship upon the subject." — N. J. Archives, 
IX., 235-6. See also ibid., 2C6-7. 

He had used substantially the same arguments in an Interview with 
Governor Bernard, who in a letter to the Lords of Trade, Feb. 25, 1760, 
makes these shrewd comments on his position: 

"The whole amount of it is that, as he proposed a resignation on ac- 
count of his taking the government of Pennsylvania & he quitted that 
government & returned to New Jersey before your Lordships had ac- 
cepted his resignation, the reasons of it ceasing, the resignation itself 
was revoked. But I observed to him that in his letter to your Lord- 
ships, He did not attribute his desire to resign the office to his taking 
the Government of Pennsylvania, but to his private affairs not per- 
mitting him to attend the duties of it: And therefore your Lordships 
could not take notice of his quitting that government as a ceasing of 
his reasons for his resignation; if it were so he should have signified 
it to your Lordships & prayer leave to withdraw his resignation. As 
he did not, all this misunderstanding has arose from his own 
omission."— /Md., IX., 210-211. 

As for Morris's assertion that he "went on in the Discharge of the 
Duties of the Place, as well as the Perplexed Affairs of Pensilvania 
would permit, till 1756," this is contradicted by Governor Bernard, who 
says that after Morris "took upon him the government of Pennsyl- 
vania," "he never sat as Chief Justice, till after he had relinquisht 
that government. After that He sat once in Novr Term 1756, and 
divers times in each of the Terms in March May & August 1757. Soon 
after the last he went to England."— /bid., 212. 

The records of the Court fail to show that Chief Justice Morris sat 
in the Court during 1754, 1755 or 1756. Whatever duty he performed 
in respect to the office must have been attended to off the bench,, pos- 
sibly in consultations with his associates, or in advising the Governor 
and Council, or in signing papers. 

The Lords of Trade, in an address to the King, June 17, 1760, state 
that Morris, after residing in England a considerable time, "by his 
Letters to us dated the 31st of March, 1754, desired Leave to resign his 
said Office, as his private Affairs would not permit him to attend to 
the Duties of it."— /bid., 230. Quietly ignoring the evident fact that 
Morris's resignation was not accepted, they excuse that omission on 



the plea that "It wag not till the beginning: of the year 1757, that we 
were enabled to recommend to Your Majesty a proper person to supply 
the Vacancy Occasioned by this Resignation." Referring to the 
appointment of William AjTisley as Chief Justice, on February 17, 
1757, and his subsequent performance of the duties of that office dur- 
ing the March and May terms, 1758, and until his death, they make the 
very good point: "it is remarkable, that, during this Course of time 
Mr. Morris neither contested the Appointment of Mr. Aynsley here, nor 
set up any Claim of prior Right in the province." — Ibid., 231. 

Chief Justice Aynsley having died in May, 1758, the Lords of Trade 
proposed to the King the appointment of Nathaniel Jones for the suc- 
cession. May 22, 1759, saying he had been "recommended to us as a 
Person well qualified to serve Your Majesty in that Station." — Ibid., 
173. He was appointed May 24, and the appointment was approved in 
Council, May 31, 1759. — Ibid. This selection tor so Important an office 
Immediately aroused the strongest opposition In the Province, and was 
viewed with manifest apprehension and alarm, If we may judge from 
the few guarded criticisms of the King's action that have come down 
to us, and which suggest much more than Is expressed. In a letter 
dated Perth Amboy, December 16, 1761, published In the Pennsylvania 
Journal of January 7, 1762, Jones Is contemptuously described as hav- 
ing been a "Newgate Solicitor" at the time of his appointment. This 
letter was probably written by Morris. The statement Is accepted as 
true by William Smith, the New York historian.— ffi«f. of N. Y., 1830, 
II., 347. According to his own account, Jones was of the Middle 
Temple, a barrister at law. — N. J. Archives, IX., 342. We have no other 
particulars regarding his standing at the bar. 

Mr. Morris's attitude was described In a letter from Gov. Bernard, 
dated Perth Amboy, August 28, 1759, to the Lords of Trade: "Some 
few days ago Mr. [Robert Hunter] Morris arrived In this province 
[from England] & soon after signified to me that he proposed to re- 
sume his office of chief justice by virtue of his former patent, which, 
he said was not surrendered or otherwise determined. ... I re- 
peated to him the confusion that would be the consequence of his 
resuming this office against my protestation, and he expressed his 
earnest desire to do nothing which should embarrass the government 
upon which we came to the following agreement: that he should sus- 
pend his purpose until I could write to your Lordships and receive 
your commands; and that I would not in the meantime appoint any 
other Person, unless I received the King's command therefor. . . . 
I have not seen Mr. Morris since advices arrived of the appointment 
of Mr. Jones; I imagine that he will contest Mr. Jones' appointment." 
— y. J. Archives, IX., 176-7. In reply, the Lords of Trade wrote to Gov- 
ernor Bernard, December 14, 1759: "Mr. Morris's conduct appears to 
us to highly reflect upon His Majesty's Honor and Justice, In the sub- 
sequent appointments which have been made, founded upon Mr. 
Morris's reslgrnatlon." — A. J. Archives, IX., 192. 

Mr. Jones subsequently stated that upon receiving his appointment 
he "Relinquished his business in the Law In England, to attend the 
Duty of his Office, and at a vast Expence, repaired to America, in 
which he was unhappily obliged to break In on the future Dependance 
of a most Valuable Wife, and her Children, In Order to Discharge the 
Trust reposed In him, with Dignity and Fidelity."— /Md., 342. He 
arrived In New Jersey In November, 1759, and proceeded to Perth 
Amboy, where he received a commission under the great seal of the 
Province, dated November 16, 1759, at the hands of Gov. Francis Ber- 
nard.— 2V. J. Archives, IX., 214; XX., 391. 



It was customary to tender so important a representative of the 
Kins a series of ovations and addresses on his coming into the Prov- 
ince. The only demonstration of the kind offered to Mr. Jones was by 
the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Commonalty of the Boroujgph of 
Elizabeth; he had intimated a purpose to make that town his place of 
residence, and having gone thither on a visit the Corporation invited 
him to "a genteel Entertainment/' on December 3, and presented him 
with an address which is singularly guarded and non-committal, and 
free from the usual adulatory compliments on such occasions. "Tour 
late designation to the first Seat on the Bench," they cautiously, say, 
"affords a strong presumption of Abilities adapted to the conspicuous 
Theatre on which you are destined to Act," and they conclude with a 
perfunctory declaration of their "Respect due to a Person, whom [the 
King] hath thought worthy to elevate to the second Post of Power and 
Influence in the Grovemment of his flourishing Province of New- 
Jersey." — Ante, 396-7. In all this there is a remarkable reserve which 
is highly significant under all the circumstances. The authorities of 
Elizabeth were willing to pay the respect due to the King's appointee, 
but they would not commit themselves to any endorsement of the 
individual. The dissatisfaction over his appointment, occasioned by 
his low reputation, was greatly enhanced by his conduct after his 
arrival in the Province. EJven Grov. Bernard, who naturally disliked to 
reflect upon the new Chief Justice, in a letter to the Lords of Trade 
declared: "Mr. Tones has been so unfortunate, that there is an uni- 
versal dissatisfaction at his appointment: so it seems to me it will be 
difficult for him to hold the olflce, even if he will serve it for nothing." 
—Ihid., IX., 210-211. More emphatic were Chief Justice Morris's com- 
ments, in a letter to Governor Thomas Boone, August 10, 1760: "The 
Character of Mr. Jones which came here before him, and the 
Absurdity, to say no worse, of his behaviour, after his Arrival, greatly 
alarmed the People of all Ranks; And Occasioned the strongest Solici- 
tations from the most considerate men in the Province, That I would 
insist on the Tenure of my Commission, and Resume the Bench." — 
Ibid., IX, 236. As already stated, Mr. Morris had called on Gov. Ber- 
nard immediately upon his return from England, in August, 1769, and 
"signified that he proposed to resume his oflftce of chief justice by 
virtue of his former patent," As he put the matter himself, in his 
letter of August 10, 1760, quoted above: "When I returned to New 
Jersey, Mr. Ainsley was Dead, and tho' I had no doubt of my Right to 
Resume the Bench, Yet, as Mr. Bernard apprehended it might Em- 
barrass his Administration, I declined it till he should hear from 
England."— -/Wd., 236. That is to say, as stated by the Lords of Trade 
in a letter to the King, June 17, 1760: "It was at length agreed be- 
tween them, that Mr. Morris should suspend his purpose and that the 
Governor should not appoint any other Person to the Office, until 
further Directions should be received from hence."— /Wtf., 232. Mr. 
Morris says that Gov. Bernard, "being soon after informed of Mr. 
Jones's Nomination, told me, I was quite at Liberty to take any 
measures I thought Proper, And that he wish'd nothing more than to 
see me established upon the Bench."— /Md., 236. Mr. Jones's manifest 
unfitness increased the pressure upon Mr, Morris to prevent the induc- 
tion of the new-comer into office, even by the setting up of his own 
extraordinary claim that he was still entitled to the position by virtue 
of his ancient commission. As he had been perfectly open with the 
Governor in this matter, he wrote him a letter, February 22, 1760, 
notifying him of his intentions, and setting forth again his reasons for 



the proposed step.— /M<f., 206-7. When the next term of the Supreme 
Court was about to open, ai Perth Amboy, on Tuesday, March 18, 1760, 
he called on Gov. Bernard, in the morning, before the opening of the 
Court, and once more announced his intention of interposing his claim, 
in order to keep Mr. Jones off the bench. The Governor, in a letter 
dated March 22, 1760, to the Lords of Trade, thus describes the inter- 
view: "Mr. Morris came to me and said that the people in general 
were so uneasy at Mr. Jones's taking his seat as Chief Justice, that he 
could not resist their solicitations for him to take the seat and thereby 
prevent Mr. Jones. I reminded him of his promise to me that he 
would not Interrupt Fr. Jones in taking his seat. He said that he 
entered into that engagement upon account of his desire not to under- 
take any business that was like to give me much trouble: but that, as 
I was removing from the Province & not like to be affected by this 
contest. He thought he should be remitted of his liberty of prosecuting 
his right in such manner as he should see occasion. I said that, to be 
sure, I should release him from this engagement so far as I was con- 
cerned: but I thought it was extended much beyond me. It seemed to 
me that Your Lordships had an intrest in it, as I had acquainted you 
with it more as a public than a private transaction, and that Mr. Jones 
was intrested in it, as most probably he had staid in the Country in 
dependence that Mr. Morris would not obstruct him in taking the 
office. He replied that his engagement was made only to me and on 
my account & that, as my intrest in it ceased & I had released him 
from ft, he considered himself as quite free from it." — Ibid., 212. Mr. 
Morris says of this interview: "Mr. Barnard ... in Presence of 
Mr. Ogden and Mr. Read, Acquitted me Again, of any Engagements to 
hini on the Occasion; and at the same time was Pleased to thank me 
for the tenderness and Regard I had shown to his Administration." — 
Ibid., 237. David Ogden and Charles Read, here referred to, were two 
of the ablest and most experienced members of the Governor's Coun- 
cil; Mr. Ogden was one of the leading lawyers in the Province. 

When the Supreme Court met the bench was occupied by Chief Jus- 
tice Morris and Second Justice Samuel Nevill; the Third Justice, Mr. 
Sal tar, was in too infirm health to attend. Mr. Jones presented his 
commission, and requested to have it read. Then the record of Chief 
Justice Morris's commission was read, showing that he had been 
appointed during good behavior. The commission of Nathaniel Jones 
was next read, from which it appeared that he was appointed "in the 
room of William Aynsley Esqr. deceased," to hold office "for and dur- 
ing our pleasure and your residence within our said province." Mr. 
Jones thereupon prayed to have the oath of office administered to him 
and to be admitted. At his request the commission of Chief Justice 
Aynsley was also read, and the records of the Court, showing that he 
sat as Chief Justice at the March term, 1758, and at the term follow- 
ing. Chief Justice Morris, although sitting, with a proper delicacy de- 
clined giving any judgment on the application of Mr. Joiies, and the 
opinion of "the Court" was delivered by Second Justice Nevill.— /&tU, 
214. But the whole proceeding is so extraordinary that it is worth 
while to reproduce the exact language of the minutes of the Court, now 
in the Clerk's office at Trenton: 

March 1760 

At a Supreme Court of Judicature held at Perth Amboy in & for 
the Province of New Jersey, of the Term of March in the thirty third 
Year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George the Second &c. 

3d Tuesday March 18 1760 
The Court opened 

145 X 


The Honble Samuel Nevill Esq. 2d Justice 

Adjourned to two o.c. p. m. 
The Court irett according to Adjournment 


The Honble Robert H. Morris, Esqr. Chief Justice 

Samuel Nevill Esqr. 2d Justice 

Nathaniel Jones Esqr Offered to the Court a Commission under the 
Great Seal of the Province of New Jersey, bearing date of the Six- 
teenth of November 1759, appointing him Chief Justice of the said 
Province & prayed that the Same might be Read. 

Whereupon the Record of a Commission Dated March 17th 1738 ap- 
pointing Robert Hunter Morris Esq. Chief Justice of the Province of 

N. J. (during his good Beha-viour in the same) was read: 

Then the Commission appointing Nathaniel Jones Esqr. was read: . . 
Whereupon the said Nathaniel Jones Esq. pray'd to have the Oath of 
Office administered to him and to be Admitted. Then an Entry in the 
Minutes of this Court of March Term 1758 at the request of Nathaniel 
Jones was read (in these words) A Commission appointing William 
Aynsley Esq. Chief Justice of the Province of N. J. was openly read, 
also other Entrys shewing that Wm Aynsley Esqre Deceas'd sett as 
Chief Justice for the said Term of March 1758 and the Term next fol- 
lowing and that Mr. Nevill Sett as 2d Justice of the said Court. 

As the Motion of Mr. Jones might Effect M. Morris he declined giv- 
ing any Judgment thereon, and Mr. Nevill, Second Justice, delivered 
the Opinion of the Court as follows, that since the Commission to Mr. 
Morris grants him a ffreehold in the Office of Chief Justice of this 
Province of N. J. and Nothing was shown legally to Divest him there- 
of, this Court therefore Cannot administer the Oath of Office to Mr. 
Jones nor admitt him to Enter into the Execution of said Offlc.e of 
Chief Justice, but Leave his right to said Office if any he has to be 
determined by a Due Course of Law. 

Mr. Morris requested David Ogden and Charles Read Esqrs to Enter 
his appearance to and Defend any Action or suit that shall or may be 
brought against him respecting this matter. 

At the request of Nathaniel Jones Its ordered that he have a Copy of 
the foregoing Entrys. 

The Court adjourned. 

Gov. Bernard was very well satisfied with the action of the Court, 
there Is little doubt. But to relieve himself from culpability he wrote 
In this strain to the Lords o\ Trade, March 22, 1760, after detailing the 
above proceedings: "It may seem to your Lordships that I ought to 
have interposed the Copy of Mr. Morris's Resignation. But, besides 
that there was no time given me to order the Attorney general to in- 
tervene for the King, I could not have introduced that copy, because 
being a copy and no way authenticated, it would not have been per- 
mitted to be read in a Court, tho' its * authority would be undoubted 
everywhere else. 

"Altho' this business will soon cease to be my concern [referring to 
his transfer to Massachusetts] yet I must think it my duty to enter a 
public protest on the behalf of the King against this order of the Su- 
preme Court. The proper method for doing this appears to be, to 
order the Attorney General to sue out a writ of error & bring this 
order before the Governor & Council, from whence. If there should be 
occasion. It may be carried to the privy Council in England either by 
the Attorney general or by Mr. Morris."— 2Sr. J. Archives, IX., 214. 

Chief Justice Morris put the boldest front on the whole matter. In 
his letter to Gov. Bernard, of Feb. 22, 1760, he says: "The income of 



the office is now & ever has been, too inconsiderable to make me in 
the least anxious about it. I took the office & have held it, rather to 
Prevent it falling into contempt than expecting any Support from it, 
and am therefore, as I have more than once assured your Excellency 
(as to myself) Extremely Indifferent about it, but cannot help wishing, 
for the sake of the province, that an Office of such Consequence and 
in which the people are so nearly intrested, May always be in the 
hands of a Man of independent fortune, & Known Integrity." — Ibid., 

Again, in his letter to Gov. Thomas Boone (successor to Gov. Ber- 
nard), August 10, 1760, after referring to the public uneasiness over 
the reputation and unbecoming conduct of Mr. Jones, he says: 

"Your Excellency will be no Less Surprised at the Earnestness and 
Apprehensions Expressed on this Occasion, as you are sensible the 
first seat in the Highest Court of Conunon Law, in the Province, is of 
great Importance to the Privileges and Properties of the People, and 
may Essentially Aftect the Rights and Prerogatives of the Crown. 

"It may not be improper here to inform your Excellency, that the 
profits of the Office fall short of one hundred pounds Sterling A Year 
a sum, by no means adequate to the trouble and Expence attending 
the Employment. — I was therefore very indifferent as to the benefits 
arrlsing from the Office, But could not be so, when the Publick safety 
was at stake, and the Royal Authority ready to fall into hands that 
must have brought it into the utmost Contempt. , . . . 

"My own and the Conduct of my family, who have been Constantly 
ingaged in Support of the Royal Authority, in these Colonies, when it 
stood in need of every aid, Render it unnecessary to vindicate myself, 
even from the surmise of Opposition to Government; For this I may 
Appeal to the Minutes And papers of the Board of Trade, and to the 
Records of this and the Neighbouring Provinces of New York and 
Pensilvania. — Besides, a People unused to the Necessary Subordina- 
tions of Government, are in danger of falling into Levilling and 
Democratical Principles, And I am too Sensible of the Mischievious 
Tendency of such a Spirit, to be led into Measures that might en- 
courage it; And which, by weakening the Administration must destroy 
the Peace and Happiness ot the Provinces." He concludes with this 
manly assurance: ."Upon the whole Sir as I know you have nothing 
so much at Heart as to maintain the Dignity of the Crown and pro- 
mote the Prosperity of the Province, I beg Leave to Assure your 
Excellency, That whatever the Issue of this Affair may be, you will 
find me ever ready to Concur in every measure Conducive to those 
Salutary Ends."— /6W., 235-238. 

There is little doubt that Mr. Morris was perfectly sincere in his pro- 
fessions of disinterestedness in this proceeding, and that he* was actu- 
ated by purely patriotic motives. 

The Lords of Trade, upon receipt of Gov. Bernard's letter of March 
22, 1760, laid the whole matter before the King, in a letter dated June 
17, 1760, embodying the Governor's suggestion as to the proper steps 
to be taken: "We have only further to offer our humble Opinion, that 
your Majesty should be graciously pleased to referr the whole matter 
to your Attorney Genl, with Directions to consider and report what 
Measures are most proper to be taken in Order to support your Maj- 
esty's Right of Nomination against the extraordinary and unprece- 
dented Claim of Mr. Morris."— Ibid., 230-235. 

All the facts in *he case appear to have made it impolitic, if not im- 
possible, for the Ministry to sustain so Inferior and so objectionable a 



person as Mr. Jones In his very natural attempt to vindicate the ap- 
pointment of the King, and the unfortunate affair was quietly dropped, 
to the great satisfaction of the authorities of New Jersey. The atti- 
tude of Mr. Jones bears out the presumption of his unfitness for the 
high station to which he had been assigned. Indeed, he seems to have 
realized the fact himself, for after his claim to the office had been de- 
nied by Second Justice Nevill, and notwithstanding the formal back- 
ing of Gov. Bernard, he did not have the courage or address to attempt 
to possess himself of the office. The minutes of the Supreme Court 
make no further mention of Mr. Jones or his claims, but do show that 
Chief Justice Morris was on the bench during every sitting of the 
Court in 1760, except May 16 (when Justice Saltar sat), August 12 
(when Justice Nevill sat alone), and November 8 and 10, when Justice 
Nevill presided. By a letter from Nathaniel Jones, dated January 2, 
1761, and addressed to the Earl of Hillsborough, we learn that Jones 
was then in England. In this letter he sets out his appointment as 
Chief Justice of New Jersey, the "vast Expence" he had incurred in 
giving up his law practice m England and in repairing to America, and 
"Mr. Morris's proceedings, as illegal, and Unwarrantable, as he abso- 
lutely prevented your Memorialist in Execution of his Office. 

"That through the heavy Expences your Memorialist hath Sustained, 
his whole Substance is Exhausted, and he was constrained to return 
to England, in Vain to Attempt the Recovery of his lost business in 
the Law, through his long absence abroad, which before afforded him 
a Competent Maintenance, nor has your Memorialist received any Sat- 
isfaction, or Compensation whatsoever, for the above Charges, or the 
injury he has suffered by this disappointment, which has reduced him 
to Calamitous Circumstances." But instead of praying that the royal 
authority be vindicated, and that the power of the Cix)wn be exercised 
in installing him in the office to which he had been appointed, he con- 
cludes with this singular prayer: 

"That your Memorialist being informed of a Vacancy of the office of 
Chief Justice of South Carolina, Most humbly supplicates your Lord- 
ship, to consider the premises and your Memorialists perseverance and 
Fidelity, in his Majesty's Service, And that your Lordship will be 
pleased to Recommend him to his Majesty as an Object Meriting his 
Royal favour. And that he may be appointed to succeed in the above 
office now Vacant or have such other relief as in your Lordships be- 
nignity, and wisdom shall seem most meet." — Ibid., 342. 

The Lords of Trade in a perfunctory address to Lord Halifax like- 
wise tacitly confess the unfitness of Jones for the New Jersey office: 

"We should not be so importunate with your Lordship, but the 
bearer, Mr* Jones, is as great an object of your Compassion, as ever 
was, he tells us which we believe to be true; that by his Voyage to 
and from America, and the great Expence he was at in providing 
necessarys for himself and Servants, suitable to his Station abroad^ 
that he has spent all his substance, and by his absence so long abroad^ 
he says he has lost all his Business, which he had here, which though 
not great afforded him a Competent Maintenance, so that he is now 
left destitute of any provision: 

"We desire therefore that your Lordship will be so good to recom- 
mend him to some of the Offices now Vacant, or that some provision 
may be made for him, as we think we could not ask it, for one wha 
deserves it so well: 

"We hope your Lordship will not consider this as a Letter of Course; 
for we are really concerned for this Poor Gentleman; and whatever 



favour you bestow on him, we shall Esteem it an Obligation lain on 
us.''— Ibid,, 342-344. 

No further mention has been found of Nathaniel Jones. He seems 
to have sunk again into the obscurity whence he was lifted up to be 
Chief Justice of New Jersey 

When Governor Josiah Hardy arrived in the Province, in 1761, he 
found the situation and his necessary action in consequence thereof to 
be as set forth in this letter to the Lords of Trade: 

'I found there was a total Stop to the Administration of Justice in 
the Supreem Courts, by the Judges Commissions not having been re- 
newed since the death of his late Majesty, and a Rumour began to be 
spread that the Judges were not qualify'd to act. I therefore (for fear 
of any bad consequence, and to quiet the minds of the people who ap- 
peard much dissatisfy'd) thought it best for his Majesty's Service as 
well as the good of the Province to order the Commissions to be re- 
new'd in the same manner as they have hitherto been granted, which 
is during good behaviour; I must observe to your Lordships likewise 
that I found the General Assembly had come to a resolution not to 
make any provision for the Judges in the bill for Support of Govern- 
ment if they accepted Commissions during pleasure: I therefore hope 
I shall have his Majesty's & Your Lordships approbation for what I 
have done. I likewise found it absolutely necessary to renew Mr. 
Morris's Commission of Chief Justice and I cannot help observing that 
he is certainly a very proper Person for this Post which ought to be 
held by a Man of Abilities & character."— 37^. J. Archives, IX., 346-347. 


The Kaighn family of Old Gloucester is descended from John Kaighn, 
who came from the Isle of Man, and in 1694 was a resident of Byberry, 
Bucks county. Pa. He was a carpenter by trade. In 1693 he married 
Ann Albertson, widow of Walter Forrest; she d. July 6, 1694, and in 
1696 he m. Sarah Dole, wid. of Andrew Griscom. In the latter year 
Kaighn bought a tract of 455 acres in Newton township. Old Glouces- 
ter, and resided thereon thenceforth; he m., 3d, Elizabeth Hill, of 
Burlington, in 1710. He d. in 1724, leaving two sons, by his second wife: 

i. John, b. Dec. 30, 1700; m. Abigail Hinchman, dau. of John Hinch- 
man, in 1732. He was a blacksmith at Haddonfield. He d. in 1749, 
leaving issue: 1. Sarah, b. 1733; 2. Elizabeth, b. 1736; 3. Samuel, b. 
1737; 4. John, b. 1740; 5. Ann, b. 1744. 

ii. Joseph, b. Dec. 4, 1702; m. Mary Estaugh, of Philadelphia, dau. 
of James and niece of John Estaugh, of Haddonfield. He d. 1749, leav- 
ing issue: 1. Joseph, m. Prudence Butcher, a widow; 2. John, a physi- 
cian, who d. in 1770, unmarried, aged about 40 years; 3. Isaac, d. under 
age; 4. James, m. Hanna Mason; 5. Elizabeth, m. Arthur Donaldson. 
^Clement's First Settlers of Netcton. 149-157; N. J. Archives, XXVII., 178. 


The Rev. John William Kals came from London in 1756, and labored 
in Philadelphia for about a year, when he became pastor of the *'Cal- 
vanistical High Dutch Congregation," of Amwell, organized about 1744 
or earlier. The church was visited by the Rev. Michael Schlatter in 
1747, and a house of worship was erected in 1749. Mr. Kals preached 
there, 1757-9, and then removed to New York. 




Michael Kearny was a son of Michael Kearny, an eminent citizen 
of New Jersey. Michael. 2d, entered the British navy. In 1769 he 
was recommended by Gov. Franklin for a seat in the Council, as a 
"Gentleman who has a Commission in His Majesty's Navy, but resides 
at present on his Paternal Estate in Monmouth County, and is related 
to some of the principal Families in the Colony." His residence was 
on the Morris estate. He died unmarried. — Whitehead's Perth Amhoy, 
92; N. J. Archives, X., 132. Mr. Whitehead says he was a son of Sarah, 
dau. of Lewis Morris (and Isabella, his wife); but Mrs. Lewis Morris, 
in her will, dated Aug. 9, 1746, proved April 20, 1752, does not mention 
him, although particular to name all her children, and children of her 
deceased daughters, Kearny and Isabella. It is not unlikely that 
Michael, 2d, was a son of Michael, 1st, by his second wife, Elizabeth 
Britz or Britain (who was not known to Mr. Whitehead), who was 
also the mother of Philip, the eldest son (born at sea) of Michael, 1st. 


Mounce (i. e., Moses) Keen, son of Maons and Magdalen (Hoftman) 
Keen, was b. in West Jersey. Aug. 18, 1715; m. Sarah, dau. of Benja- 
min and Christina Seeley. He lived in Pilesgrove township, Salem 
county, and afterwards in Woolwich township, Gloucester county. He 
was for many years a vestryman of the Swedish church at Swedes - 
boro. He was buried in Trinity churchyard, Swedesboro, Oct. 14, 
1794; his wife, Feb. 24, 1790. — Descendants of Joran Kyn, by Gregory B. 
Keen, in Penn. Mag., III., 447. 


Peter Komble's grandfather was Richard Kemble, deputy alderman 
of Bishopsgate ward, London, a merchant who resided in Bishopsgate 
many years. He had a son, Richard, who "was bound an apprentice 
to one Barnardiston, a Turkey merchant with a considerable sum of 
money, who was by indenture bound to send him the last two years 
of his service to Smyrna, where he went, and afterwards settled." 
There he married a Greek lady, named Mavrocordato, a native of the 
isle of Scio, whose sister married Mr. Edwards, the British consul at 
Smyrna. Peter Kemble, one of the children, was bom at Smyrna, in 
Asia Minor, December 12, 1704, and remained there until 1712, when 
he was sent to England to be educated. His father was appointed 
English consul at Salonica in 1718, and died there in June, 1720. In 
1718 Peter Kemble was sent to a wine merchant at Rotterdam to learn 
mercantile life. In 1720-21 he made a trading voyage to Guinea, and 
on his return engaged in business in London, where he continued for 
some years. About 1730 he came to America, and soon after settled at 
Piscataway Landing, near New Brunswick, where he carried on a suc- 
cessful business.— TVT. y. Hist. 8oc. Collections, 1884, xiii-xiv. He was 
living there in 1740.— JV. J. Archives, XII., 20. Writing to the Lords of 
Trade, Jan. 28, 1744-5, Governor Lewis Morris recommended his ap- 
pointment as a member of the Council, and said he was "a consider- 
able merchant."— Paper* of Lewis Morris, 220, 283. His intimacy with 
the Morris family is indicated by the fact that he was one of the pall- 
bearers at the Governor's funeral in 1746.— /6., 314. having been ap- 
pointed to the Council, Sept. 23, 1745, he was sworn in as a member, 
Aug. 10, 1747, and remained therein until the Revolution, being Speaker 
in 1765, and several years thereafter.— ir. J. Archives, IX., 274; X., 661; 



XV., 512-513; XVII., 412. In 1748 he was manager of a lottery for com- 
pleting the Episcopal church at New Brunswick, and building a par- 
sonage house.— 75., XII., 471, 518, 520. Charles Read, one of the ablest 
public men In New Jersey, considered him suitable for Supreme Court 
Judge, in 1753.— 76., VIII., Part 1, 188. Some time prior to 1758 he 
acquired an extensive tract of land near Morristown, where he took 
up his residence before 1765, his place being known as "Mount 
Kemble," a name perpetuated In one of the most beautiful avenues in 
that town to-day. — Smith's Hist. N. J., 499. He was commissioned one 
of the Justices of the Peace of Morris county, April 30, 1768. — Hist. 
Morris County, 75. During the Revolution he sided with the British, 
but was not disturbed by the Americans, except as they cantoned on 
his estate while the army was in winter quarters at Morristown. He 
died there, Feb. 23, 1789, having passed his eighty-fourth year. Very 
scion after coming to this country he married Gertrude Bayard, second 
daughter of Samuel Ba3^rd and Margaret van Cortlandt, and thus be- 
came connected with a number of the most influential Colonial families 
of New York and New Jersey.— 2^. Y. Hist. Colls., 1884, xlv. He mar- 
ried, 2d, Elizabeth Tuite, of Trenton, Oct. 10, 1749. She was of an old 
Irish family, settled in Maryland. By his first wife he had five sons 
and two daughters: 

I. Samuel, who entered the British army, but left it in 1773 to accept 
the post of Collector of the Port of New York. In 1783 he went to 
London, and thence to the East Indies, where he died in the island of 
Sumatra about 1796. 

II. Richard, born in August, 1733, and died at Mount Kemble, which 
he inherited, Sept. 13, 1833, unmarried. 

III. Peter, born In 1739. He was educated in the "college in Phila- 
delphia," now the University of Pennsylvania, then engaged in busi- 
ness, and later, with his two brothers-iii-law — Nicholas and Isaac 
Gouverneur — established the commercial house of Gouvemeur & Kem- 
ble, in New York. He died July 6, 1823. He married Gertrude Gouver- 
neur (daughter of Samuel Gouverneur and Experience Johnson), June 
5, 1784. Issue: 1. Gouverneur, b. Jan. 25, 1786; d. Dec. 16, 1875, at Cold 
Spring, N. Y., unmarried. He was the owner of "Cockloft Hall," near 
the Erie railroad station, in Newark, made famous by Washington 
Irving and James K. Paulding, in "Salmagundi." 2. Peter, drowned, 
Nov. 24, 1813, in his 26th year. 3. William. 4. Richard, born in 1800, 
inherited Mount Kemble fiom his uncle Richard, but sold it and re- 
moved to Cold Spring, where he died in 1888. 5. Gertrude, married 
James Kirke Paulding; she died in 1841, leaving four sons. 6. Mary, 
married Robert Parker Parrott, a graduate of West Point Military 
Academy, in 1824, and later the inventor and manufacturer of the 
"Parrott gun." 

IV. Stephen, born at or near New Brunswick, in 1740. He entered 
the British army in 1757, and in 1772 became Deputy Adjutant General 
of the Forces in North America, which position he resigned in 1779. 
He was commissioned Colonel in 1782, and served in the army in 
America, the West Indies, the Spanish Main, Nicarag^ua and England, 
until 1805, when he sold out, returned to America, and settled at New 
Brunswick, in the house in which he was born, and there died, Dec. 
20, 1822, unmarried. 

V. William, died in England, a Captain in the British army. 

VI. Margaret, married, Dec. 8, 1758, at Mount Kemble, General 
Thomas Gage, Commander-in-Chief of the British army in America, 
and Governor of Massachusetts at the beginning of the Revolution. 



K B N N B D T— First and Second 

He was the second son of Thomas, eighth Baronet and first Viscount 
Gage. General Gage died in 1788; she died Feb. 9, 1824. Issue: 1. 
Henry, born March 4, 1761, and by the death of his uncle without 
male issue became Viscount Gage; he married, Jan. 11, 1789, his 
cousin, Susannah Maria, only daughter and heir of Lieut. Col. William 
Skinner, of Perth Amboy, by his wife Susan, daughter of Admiral Sir 
Peter Warren. He was succeeded by his son, Henry Hall, fourth 
Viscount, and he by his grandson, Henry Charles, the fifth Viscount 
Gage. The other children of General Thomas Gage and his wife Mar- 
garet Kemble were: 2. John; 3. Admiral Sir William Hall Gage; 4. 
Marion, wife of Sir James Crawford; 5. Louisa, wife of Sir James H. 
Blake; 6. Harriet, died single; 7. Charlotte Margaret, wife of Admiral 
Sir Charles Ogle; 8. Emily, wife of Montagu Bertie, fifth Earl of Ab- 

VII. Judith, married Archibald McCall, a Philadelphia merchant, by 
whom she had eighteen children. She died there, aged 89 years. 

By his second wife Peter Kemble had 

VIII. Robert, b. April 5, 1755. He served in the British army during 
the Revolution. He lived at Mount Kemble, where he died, January 1, 

IX. Elizabeth, born Dec. 18, 1753; d. June 16, 1836. X. Ann, b. June 
9, 1757; d. Sept. 2, 1820 — both at Mount Kemble, where they lived, un- 

These genealogical details of the Kemble family have been compiled 
from the very full and interesting account given by Edward F. de 
Lancey in connection with the Journals of Col. Stephen Kemble, pub- 
lished by the N. Y. Historical Society in 1883-1884. See also White- 
head's Perth Amboy, 114-115; N. J. Marriage lAcensea, and N. J. Archives, 
passim; N. Y. Chamber of Commerce Records, Biographical Sketch s, 139; 
Family Records and Events {Rutherford Papers), 301. 


Archibald Kennedy, 1st, was a Scotch gentleman, a lawyer by pro- 
fession, who was complimented with the freedom of New York, by the 
corporation of that city, July 25, 1710.— A'. Y. Hist. Hoc. Coll., 1885, 484. 
In 1727, on the recommendation of Governor William Burnet, he was 
appointed a member of the Council of the Province of New York, in 
which body he served until 1761, when he resigned, on account of his 
age, and other employments. He was Speaker of that body in 1757. — 
Journals of the Legislative Council of New York, passim. He was Receiver- 
General of the same Province, 1722-54; Collector of Customs for the 
port of New York in 1758.— AT. Y. Hist. M88.. II., 475, 539, 616, 678, etc. 
In 1724 he acquired a tract of 383 acres at Bergen, being part of what 
was formerly called the West India farm. — Winfleld's Land Titles of Hud- 
son County, 303. Mr. Kennedy died June 14, 1763, after a few days* 
illness, aged about 78 years. "He was a Gentleman who always sus- 
tain'd a fair and amiable Character, and his Death is universally la- 
mented by all his Acquaintance," said the New York Gazette of June 20, 
naZ.—N. J. Archives, XXIV., 200. He left two children— Archibald and 
Catherine — to whom he devised his farm at Bergen, two-thirds to the 
son and one- third to the daughter. In 1765 Catherine conveyed her 
interest to her brother. The property was in litigation until 1804, when 
a compromise was effected. — Winfleld, ut supra. 

Archibald Kennedy, 2d, married Catharine, only daughter of Col. 
Peter Schuyler, of Petersborough, Second River, opposite Belleville, on 


K £ N N B D Y— Second : KENNEDY 

the banks of the Passaic, and lived there for some years. By her he 
acquired large estates in New Jersey and New York. She died at Sec- 
ond River, December 26, 1766, of quinsy, in her 29th year. — N. J. Ar- 
chives, XXV., 263. In April, 1769, he married Anne, daughter of John 
Watts, of New York, who was very wealthy. The New York Oazette and 
Weekly Mercury, of May 1, 1769, announced the event thus: "Last Thurs- 
day Cap^ Archibald Kennedy, Esq; was married to Miss Nancy Watts, 
Daughter of the Hon. John Watts, Esq; of this City, a young Lady of 
great Merit, with a handsome Fortune." — N. J. Archives, XXVI., 429. He 
became a Captain in the Royal Navy in 1757, commanding the Coventry 
for some time, and won much distinction in the service by his gal- 
lantry. In 1766 he refused to take on board his frigate, then at New 
York, a quantity of stamped paper, as the mob threatened to destroy 
his many houses in the city. For this he was superseded. — N. T. Col. 
Docs., VII., 792, 821. Being suspected of sympathy with the British 
cause, he was arrested on the order of the Council of Safety of New 
Jersey, in 1778, and ordered to remove to Sussex, but was subsequently 
permitted to resume his residence at Petersborough. In 1792 he suc- 
ceeded his great-grandfather as eleventh Earl of Casslllls, Scotland, 
and his oldest son became twelfth Earl and Marquis of Ailsa. He died 
December 29, 1794. His New York residence, No. 1 Broadway, was one 
of the most noted in tKsCt city for its historic associations. — Winfleld's 
Hudson County, 312-13; Mrs. Lamb's Hist. N. Y., 655, 071; Old New York, 
by Dr. J. W. Francis, 1858, 15; N. Y. Col. Docs., VII., 822. The Bergen 
common lands were divided by commissioners appointed by the Legis- 
lature in 1765. Their field-book forms the basis of Mr. Winfleld's ad- 
mirable "Land Titles of Hudson County."— AT. J. Arrjiives, IX., 460. 


The Rev. Samuel Kennedy was born in Scotland in 1720, and came to 
this country in early life, settling in New Jersey. By advice of the 
Presbytery of New Brunswick, he began studying for the ministry, and 
on December 26, 1749, was received under their care. He was licensed 
to preach the gospel. May 18, 1750, and on June 25, 1751, was ordained, 
and installed as pastor of the Presbyterian chuhch at Baskinridge, 
where he remained for thirty-six years. He conducted a classical school 
for some years at the same place, which was noted for the character 
of the men it produced. He advertised in 1764 that he designed "to 
have the learned Languages, and liberal Arts and Sciences, taught un- 
der his Inspection, in a School-House now built on his own Plantation; 
where Persons may be fitted to enter any Class in College. . . 

There are Scholars now learning the Latin and Greek Languages in 
said School." He also practiced medicine, at least in his own congre- 
gation, his skill and judgment in this profession being regarded as 
uncommonly sound and correct. He was a remarkably evangelical 
preacher, and under his ministrations his congregation experienced 
several notable revivals. Although his ministerial brethren from Scot- 
land and the North of Ireland were sticklers for a high grade of educa- 
tion among the candidates for the ministry, he favored a more liberal 
policy, and allied himself to what was known as the New Side wing of 
the Church, as distinguished from the more conservative, or Old Side, 
wing. He received the honorary degree of A. M. from Princeton Col- 
lege in 1760. In 1767 Mr. Kennedy advertised his plantation, on which 
he then lived, to be sold at public vendue. He described it as contain- 
ing 300 acres of land, a dwelling house with three rooms and two fire- 
places on the lower fioor, a good barn, and a stable at each end of it. 
an apple orchard, 72 acres of plow land cleared, 27 acres of meadow 
cleared; also his horses, cattle, sheep and utensils of husbandry. He 


li A D D^First 

was admitted to the New Jersey Medical Society In 1768. and was an 
attentive member. He died at Baskinridfire, Aui^st 31, 1787. In an- 
nouncing his death. The Brunswick Gazette and Weekly Monitor, of Tues- 
day, September 4, 1787, remarked: "This was a faithful servant of 
Jesus Christ, and has for a great number of years preached the gospel 
with success; he also followed the practice of physic, and was one of 

the Trustees of Princeton College. It is but too common to ascribe 

merit to persons after their decease which they do not deserve: we 
shall only say that Mr. Kennedy was a truly pious, honest, upright, 
and zealous man; and in him the people have lost an excellent teacher, 
his wife an affectionate husband, his children an indulgent father, and 
his servants a kind and benevolent master." The statement that he 
was a Trustee of Princeton College is not borne out by the General 
Catalogue, 1746-1896, of that institution.— if cmoir* of the Rev. Robert 
Finley, by the Rev. Isaac V. Brown, New Brunswick, 1819, 183-188; 
Webster's Hist. Pres. Church, 604; Sprague's Annals; Wickes's Medical Men 
of N. t/., 306; Transactions N. J. Medical Society, reprinted in 1866; N. J. 
Archives, XIX., 418, 421, 577-8; XX., 489; XXIV., 407; XXV., 350. He d. 
intestate, and letters of aciministration were issued, Dec. 3, 1787, to 
Samuel Kennedy (his son?) and Henry Southard. — N. J. Wills, Lib. 29, 
f. 439. 


Nathan Ker was from Freehold. After graduating from Princeton 
he was licensed in*1762 as a preacher, and in 1766 became pastor of the 
Presbyterian church at Groshen, N. Y., where he remained until his 
death, Dec. 14, 1804. He served as a volunteer Chaplain in the Revo- 
lution. He was vigorous and persistent in the prosecution of the Rev. 
David Barclay for h«resy in 1794. 


The Rev. Abraham Keteltas, born in New York, Dec. 26, 1732, was 
ordained pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Elizabethtown, Sept. 14, 
1757, and continued there until July, 1760, soon after which he took up 
his residence at Jamaica, L. I., where he died Sept. 30, 1798. During the 
Revolution he made himself very obnoxious to the British by his ar- 
dent and outspoken patriotism. 


Constant King was among the early settlers of Morris county, fronr. 
Southold, L. I. HiB wife was Phebe Horton. Their children were: 
1. Joseph, b. Dec. 13, 1735; m. 1st, Prudence Howell, of Southaimpton; 
2d, Rlioda Carter, of Chatham. 1768; d. May 19, 1794; 2. Frederick, b. 
Oct. 6, 1738, at Southold; m. Mary Ayres, of Morris Plains, Nov. 23, 1762; 
d. April 4, 1796; he was the first postmaster at Morrlstown; 3. Catharine, 
b. Feb. 15, 1740; m. William Walton, who was killed in the British attack 
on Charleston, S. C; she d. Oct. 4, 1805; 4. John, b. March 10, 1742; 5. 
George, b. Sept. 15, 1745; m. Esther Dickerson, Oct. 2, 1774; d. July 3, 
\l%ii.— Registers First Church, Morristown, 127. He was a Judge of the 
Morris county common pleas, Feb. 15, 1771, and a Justice of the Peace in 

JOHN LADD, First and Second. 

"Of John Ladd. the father, and John Ladd, the son, much appears in 
the various records and traditions of their times, which proves them to 


li A D D— First and Second : LANB: LAHRIB 

have been conspicuous persons. They were prominent In the political 
and relierious matters that surrounded them, and the subjects of much 
hard talk, for which some of their defamers appear in no very enviable 
position." — First Settlers of Newton Township, Old Gloucester County, by 
John Clement, Camden, 1877, 142. The father was a practical surveyor, 
and assisted in laying out the city of Philadelphia for William Penn, 
but in compensation preferred £30 cash to a square of land in the em- 
bryo city, which moved Penn to say, "Friend John, thou art a Ladd by 
name, and a Ladd in comprehension. Dost thou not know this will be- 
come a great city?"— 76., 143-6. 

John Ladd, second, was a surveyor and man of prominence for many 
years in Salem and Gloucester counties. — Clement's First Settlers of New- 
ton Township, 142-3-5. In 1740 he interested himself in getting evidence 
against Robert Jenkins, of Salem, arrested for having counterfeit money 
in his possession. — Penn. Archives, I., 623. He was elected a member of 
the Assembly from Gloucester in 1764. — N. J. Hist. Proc, May, 1860, 31. 
While still a member of that body, he was recommended by Governor 
Belcher in 1758 for a seat in the Council.—^. J. Archives, IX., 127. In 
1762 he was appointed one of the Surrogates for West Jersey. — lb., 359. 
In 1763 Governor Franklin recommended him for appointment as Coun- 
cillor, saying: "Mr. Ladd is a Gentn. of Fortune and unblemished 
Character, was formerly in the Assembly where he was always on the 
Side of the Administration, and is now one of the principal Magistrates 
of Gloucester County, which Office he has long executed with Ability, 
and Credit to himself." — lb., 387. Mr. Ladd was appointed August 31, 
1763. — Ih., 394-5. He continued in that office until his death, at Wood- 
bury, February — , 1771.— 2^. J. Archives, IX., 395; X., 224; XXVII., 380. 


The will of Henry Lane, of Paramus, Bergen county, merchant, 
dated December 27, 1762, was proved January 29, 1763, so that it was 
probably a death-bed will. The testator devises to his wife, Eliza- 
beth, one-third of his real estate (not described) in "Bargin" county 
and in New York,* and all his silver-plate; one- third of said real es- 
tate to his son, William Henry Lane, and one-third to his daughter, 
Geesie Lena. He leaves a legacy to his wife's mother, Geesie Lena 
Rousby. Executors — his wife and William Rousby, of New York, mer- 
chant. The West Jersey Society gave a power of attorney, dated May 
7, 1752, to Henry Lane and Lewis Johnston, which was revoked August 
5, 1761. In the meantime Henry Lane had executed two conveyances 
as agent and attorney of the Society. One of them recites that 
Thomas Lane, one of the Committee of the West Jersey Society, was 
eldest son of John Lane, who was eldest son of Sir Thomas Lane, 
Knight, and Alderman of London. The executrix advertised, February 
28, 1763, "four valuable plantations (pleasantly situated) in Salem 
county, and a dwelling house and lot in New York." She also adver- 
tised for sale certain tracts upon Ancocus brook, in Bergen county, 
which elicited a warning from the East Jersey Proprietors, who 
claimed the title to be still in them. 


Thomas Laurie was a storekeeper at AUentown. His grandfather, 
Thomas Laurie, brother of Gawen Laurie, came to America in 1683, 
with two children, James, who probably married Sarah, dau. of 
William Redford, of Freehold, and Anna, who married John Hebron. 
His will, dated March 6, 1712-13, was proved August 2, 1714. His son 
James bought land near AUentown in 1705, and there spent the re- 



mainder of his days. He had two sons, William and Thomas.— So Kcr'« 
Hist. Monmouth and Ocean Counties, Appendix, xxxvi; N. J. Archives, 
XXIII., 286, 377. 


Elisha Lawrence was one of the earliest and most prominent settlers 
of Monmouth county. He m. Lucy Stout, and d. at Chestnut Grove, 
Upper Freehold, May L7, 1724. Issue: 

Second Generation. 

2. i. Elisha*, m. Elizabeth, dau. of Dr. John Brown. He 

probably removed to Burlington. In 1764 there was 
a letter In the Trenton post-ofHce for "Elisha Law- 
rence, jun., West Jersey." 

3. ii. John*, b. 1709; m. Mary, dau. of William Hartshome; 

d. 1794. He was a surveyor, and ran the "Lawrence 
line" between East Jersey and West Jersey. He ad- 
vertised a plantation at Upper Freehold for sale, in 

Third Generation. 

2. Elisha* Elisha^ Lawrence and Elizabeth Brown had issue: 

4. i. John', b. about 1726; m. Martha ; prob. d. in Bur- 

lington in 1796. She was bap. at Burlington, April 
20, 1764, with two infant daughters. He was ad- 
mitted to the New Jersey Bar either in May, 1747, or 
at the November term, 1749. — Vroom's Sup. Ct. Rules, 
58. He was called up to be a sergeant-at-law in 
1771. — lb., 54. He was a prominent lawyer of Bur- 
lington county for many years. To distinguish him 
from his uncle, John Lawrence, the surveyor, and 
from his cousin, Dr. John Lawrence, as well as from 
others belonging to the Quaker Lawrences, of Bor- 
dentown, he was often spoken of as John Brown 
Lawrence, after his maternal grandfather. (It was 
perhaps John Lawrence, who traded at Bordentown, 
1751-7, who was admitted to the Bar in 1747 or 1749. 
— Hist. Burlington and Mercer Counties, 1882, p. 456.) 
John Lawrence (but whether of Burlington or Bor- 
dentown is not stated) was appointed one of the 
commissioners to erect a suitable house at Burling- 
ton for the preservation of the public records, by act 
of the Legislature passed Dec. 5, 1760. By act passed 
April 7, 1761, he was appointed one of the commis- 
sioners to grant relief to townships for the support 
of soldiers disabled in the French war. He was a 
manager of the Burlington church lottery in 1762. 
In 1763 he was interested in a visionary scheme to 
found a Colony, to be called New Wales, upon "the 
finest part of the Ohio," which was speedily aban- 
doned by the chief "promoter," Lieutenant T. Webb, 
of the British army. He was named on a committee 
in 1765 to receive subscriptions for the erection of a 
causeway and bridge over Newtown creek, Gloucester 
county. John Lawrence was elected to represent 
Burlington county in the Assembly of 1767. It is not 



likely that it was the Assemblyman who was one of 
the Committee of Lawyers to present charges 
against ex- Sheriff and Assemblyman Samuel Tucker. 
—Field's Provincial Courts, 170. That waa probably 
the Bordentown John Lawrence. Mr. Lawrence was 
Mayor of Burlington in 1769.— Hin'« Hist, of the Church 
in Burlington, 296. Upon the representation of the 
Board of Trade, June 27, 1771, Mr. Lawrence was 
appointed by the King in Council, July 19, 1771, to 
be of the Council of New Jersey. He sat with that 
body until its dissolution, in November, 1775. — N. J. 
Hist. 8oc. Coll., v., 422-3; N. J. Archives, X., 302-3; 
XVIII., passim. When Col. Donop approached Bur- 
lington with his Hessians, December 11, 1776, Mr. 
Lawrence, with the Rev. Jonathan Odell, Rector of 
St. Mary's church, and two or three other of the 
principal citizens, went out to meet the troops, and 
to intercede with Col. Donop to protect the town 
from pillage by his soldiers. To this the Colonel 
graciously agreed, and he and some of his officers 
dined with Mr. Lawrence. The American gunboats 
lying in the river fired upon the town to drive the 
Hessians out, compelling their retreat to Borden- 
town, whither Mr. Lawrence, Dr. Odell and others 
were obliged to accompany them, in order to avoid 
arrest by the Americans for harboring the enemy. — 
Hill's, ut supra. 315; The Burlington Smiths, 170. Mr. 
Lawrence subsequently returned to Burlington. On 
March 31, 1777, he was "desired" by the Governor 
and Council of Safety to "attend" them at Borden- 
town. He did so on April 3, when he was examined, 
but it is not stated that anything came of this. — 
Minutes Council of Safety, 1777, 11, 12. He was for 
many years a leading member and officer of St. 
Mary's church in Burlington, his name appearing 
repeatedly in the church records from 1765 to 1795. — 
Hill's, 286, 305, 324, 341. He was also one of the first 
Trustees of Burlington Academy, founded in 1792. — 
/&., 328-9, 332-3-4-5. 
ii. Anne, m. Raynold Keen, of Philadelphia (his third 

wife), and d. August 1, 1823, in her 72d year, 
iii. Elizabeth, m Dr. James Newell, of Upper Freehold; d. 
Feb. 22, 1791, aged 60 y;ears.— Penn. Hist. Mag., V., 97- 
98; Wickes's Hist. Medicine in N. J., 431. 

3. John* Elisha^ Lawrence and Mary Hartshorne had issue: 
i. Johns, b. 1747. 
Having graduated at Princeton in 1764, young Lawrence studied 
medicine and graduated from the Medical College of Philadelphia in 
1768, being one of the first ten who received literary honors from that 
institution. His was the first medical degree conferred in America. 
He began his practice in Monmouth county. Early in the Revolution 
he was suspected of disloyalty to the American cause, and by order 
of Gen. Washington he was arrested at Perth Amboy, with a number 
of other prominent citizens of that place, by Major Duyckinck, July 
6, 1777, and removed to Trenton. A committee of the Provincial Con- 
gress reported, July 9, 1777, that they had waited on Dr. Lawrence and 



others, "apprehended and removed to this place, pursuant to an order 
of Gen. Washington," and had taken "their parole, not to depart the 
town of Trenton, unless with leave of Congrress." On Saturday, July 
13, 1777, it was "ordered, that Dr. John Lawrence have leave to re- 
move, on his parole, to Morrlstown, and not to depart from thence, 
more than six miles, without leave of Conarress." A remarkable 
tribute to his ability and popularity appears in the proceedings of the 
Provincial Congress of Wednesday, July 17, 1777, when 

"A petition from sundry ladies at Perth Amboy, setting forth, that 
they apprehend fatal and melancholy consequences to themselves and 
families, and to the inhabitants in general, if they should be deprived 
of the assistance it Dr. Lawrence's skill in his profession, as his 
attendance is hourly necessary to several patients now much indis- 
posed, who will be left helpless if he be removed, as no other prac- 
titioner resides in that place, praying that he may be i>ermitted to 
remain in Amboy; was read, and ordered a second reading. 

"The petition from sundry ladies at Perth Amboy was read a second 
time, and ordered that a copy of the following letter, addressed to 
Mrs. Franklin, one of the subscribers, be signed by the President and 


"I am ordered by Congress to acquaint you, arfd through you the 
other ladies of Amboy, that their petition in favour of Dr. John Law- 
rence has been received and considered. 

"Cquld any application have procured a greater indulgence to Dr. 
Lawrence, you may be assured yours could not have failed of success. 
But, unhappily, madam, we are placed in such a situation, that 
motives of consideration to individuals must give place to the safety 
of the publick. 


"As Dr. John Lawrence therefore has fallen under the suspicion of 
our generals, we are under the necessity of abiding by the steps which 
are taken; And are. &c." 

He was subsequently i)ermitted to leave the State, and located in 
New York city, where he practiced medicine until 1783, and was also 
in command of a local Company of volunteers for the defence of the 
city. At the close of the War he returned to New Jersey, residing at 
Upper Freehold, but did not resume practice, having abundant means. 
His patients were among the most prominent families of New Jersey 
and New York, Long Island and Westchester county. He was never 
married. He died April 29, 1830, at Trenton, while away from home. 
His remains were brought back and interred in the grave yard of the 
Old Yellow Church (Baptist) at Upper Freehold.— A^. J. Archives, X., 
302, note; Wickes's Hist. Medicine in New Jersey, 307-310; Old Times in Old 
Monmouth, 48, 150; Lawrence (genealogy, 1858; BaMne's Loyalists, U., 2; 
Whitehead's History of Perth Amhoy, 330; Minutes of Provincial Congress, 
passim. His will, dated Feb. 1, 1816, proved May 21, 1830, describes 
him as "of Monmouth county." He gives to his sisters Elizabeth Le 
Conte and Sarah Lawrence all his estate, equally, and mentions 
nephew Henry Waddell. Executors — the two sisters named above. 
Witnesses — Samuel Newell, William Thompson, Elizabeth Hartshorne. 
Letters testamentary were granted to Elizabeth Le Conte, surviving 
executrix. The "inventory of the personal estate of Dr. John Law- 
rence, late of the city of Trenton, was filed May 21, 1830. It mentions 
"Articles at Trenton" — purse, apparel, carriage and harness, carriage 
horses, covered wagon, etc. "Articles at the Farm" — horses, oxen, 



etc. The total was appraised at |2,127.20. Appraisers — Samuel C 
Newell, David Fischer. — Originals, Hunterdon Wills, 1828-30. 

Fourth Generation. 

4. John* Elisha' Elisha^ Lawrence and Martha had issue: 

i. John*, 5th child, b. Sept. 27, 1768; licensed as an attor- 
ney in 1789, and settled at Woodbury, N. J., where 
he enjoyed a large practice, and where he died; he 
was buried Nov. 7, 1806. 

ii. James*, b. at Burlington, October 1, 1781; bap. in St. 
Mary's church there, November 14, 1781; studied law, 
1796-8, with his brother John at Woodbury, in defer- 
ence to his father's wishes, but on the latter's de- 
cease entered the American Navy, September 4, 1798, 
winning in his chosen sphere an imperishable renown 
as one of the most gallant of heroes, even though cut 
off at the early age of 32 in his daring but disastrous 
fight with the Chesapeake against the British frigate 
Shannon. — Mickle's Old Gloucester, 71; Hist. Collections of 
Netc Jersey, 96; Alden*s Epitaphs, No. 583; Hill's, 319; 
Mag. Am. Hist., XXV., 283. 

iii. Elizabeth^, m., June 30, 1774, Michael* Kearny, son of 
Philips Michael^ Kearny, by his wife Isabella, dau. of 
Chief Justice Robert Lettis Hooper, of Trenton.— 
Whitehead's Pirth Amhoy, 91. 

iv. Martha, b. Feb. 24, 1773; buried Sept. 14, 1773. 

V. Sarah, bap. April 20, 1764. 

vi. Catherine, bap. April 20, 1764. 
vii. Elisha Talman, b. Feb. 13, 1775. 
viii. Lucy, bap. Nov. 24, 1771. 


Bryan Lefferty, Esq., is mentioned in 1755 in the record of a road 
near Lamington, Somerset county. He subscribed, in 1756, £1, 15s. to- 
ward the erection of St. Paul's Lutheran Church at Pluckamin. In the 
same year he built his house, at Pluckamin, south of the village, north 
of Chambers's or Lefferty' s brook, and east of the road running from 
Pluckamin to SomervlUe. He was appointed one of the Common Pleas 
Judges of Somerset County, March 19, 1759, and again in 1768. He 
loaned money, June 3, 1767, to Peter Eoff, innholder, of Pluckamin, on 
a mortgage on the latter's house. On July 20, 1769, administration 
was granted to "Mary Leferty, widow of Bryan Leferty Esq late of 
Somerset county deceased.'' His tombstone in the Lamington church- 
yard says he was 64 years old. His children probably were: 1. Bryan; 
2. Priscilla, married William Steward, of Somerset County, April 11, 
1748; 3. Catharine, married Asher Herriott, Jan. 6, 1755; 4. John, who 
removed to Sussex county; administration on his estate was granted 
to Moses Van Campen, July 14, 1781; 5. Ruth, said to have been one 
of the most beautiful and moat wayward girls in the county; her son's 
half-brother, William McDonald, made a runaway match with a sister 
of Jennie McCrea, who was murdered by Indians near Fort Edward, 
during the Revolution. Bryan Lefferty, second, is said to have been 
a noted Tory in the Revolution. His prominence in the community is 
indicated by the fact that the War Office of the Continental Congress 
wrote, July 20, 1776, to the Provincial Congress of New Jersey, sug- 
gesting "the propriety of Bryan Lefferty, Esquire, his residing in New 



Jersey, and to take his parole and security," whereupon the Provincial 
Congress "Ordered, That Mr. Lefferty do sign his parole as settled by 
Congrress. and give security in the sum of one thousand Pounds, to 
depart hence to the house or the widow Lefferty, in the Township of 
Bedminster, Somerset County, and there to remain, or within a circle 
of four miles thereof, until he have leave to the contrary." After the 
war it would seem that he was still a Justice of the Peace as late as 
1786, about which time he probably died, as in 1787 his property, 174 
acres, is assessed to Mrs. Lefferty, the tax being |4, 15s., 8d. About 
1800 the property passed into the hands of John Davenport, who came 
from Connecticut, and built a tannery on the place. The Lefferty 
house was torn down in 1879. The name is written Lafferty, Lefferty 
and Leferty in the records. — Hist. Hunterdon and Somerset Counties, 703, 
711, 713; "Our Home, ' Somerville, 1873, 481-6, Minutes of Provincial Con- 
gress, 1775-1776, 518; Records of Wills and of Marriages, in Secretary of 
State's Ofllce, at Trenton. 


Thomas Leonard was a prominent citizen of Freehold, residing on 
Lahaway creek, near its junction with Crosswicks creek, on the place 
where his father, Capt. John Leonard, was murdered by Wequalia, an 
Indian, in 1727. Thomas was a Loyalist during the Revolution, and so 
early as April 3, 1775, the Committee of Inspection for the Township 
of Freehold decided that he had "in a number of instances been guilty 
of a breach of the Continental Association, and that, pursuant to the 
tenour of said Association, evBry friend of true freedom ought imme- 
diately to break off all connexion and dealings with him, the said 
Leonard, and treat him as a foe to the rights of British America." He 
narrowly escaped arrest once by disguising himself as a negro, and so 
passed out from his home forever. He was a Major in the First Bat- 
talion of New Jersey Loyalists in 1778. He went to New York, and 
after the war removed with his family to St. John, New Brunswick, 
where he was granted Lot No. 1 in Parr Town (afterwards incor- 
porated in St. John), in 1783. His property in Monmouth County was 
confiscated, and in 1779 was sold to Gen. David Forman, of Revolu- 
tionary fame. 


William Smith Livingston, a son of Robert James Livingston, was 
commissioned Major of Lasher's Regiment, New York Militia, July, 
1776; Aide-de-camp to Gen. Greene, 12th August, 1776,* to 14th Janu- 
ary, 1777; Lieutenant Colonel of Webb's Additional Continental Regi- 
ment, 1st January, 1777; retired 10th October, 1778. — Heitman's Register. 
He then studied law and was admitted an attorney of the Supreme 
Court of New Jersey at the April Term, 1780. Afterwards he practised 
law in the City of New York. 


Isaac Longworth was a son of Thomas Longworth, of Newark, who 
died September 4th, 1748, aged 56 years. Isaac was probably born about 
1730. He advertised for sale the property of Col. Josiah Ogden, de- 
ceased, in Newark, in 1763 and 1764. He was elected one of the chosen 
freeholders for Newark in 1765, 1766, 1769 (election contested, but de- 
cided in his favor by the Court of Quarter Sessions) and 1774; town 



clerk in 1772 (and surveyor of the highways), 1773, 1774, 1775 ("and 
to be exempt from working on the highway for his service") and 
1776. He was county collector, 1772-1776. He married, first, Sarah 
-, who died January 19th, 1754, aged 23 years; second, Cather- 
ine, daughter of Col. Josiah Ogden, and widow of David Ogden, Es- 
quire (who died January 28th, 1750, aged 40 years), marriage license 
dated February 19th, 1761. Isaac Longworth was appointed a mem- 
ber of the Committee of Correspondence of Newark, May 4th, 1775. 
He soon after went over to the enemy, and in June, 1777, his wife 
was sent from Newark to join him. Steps were taken for the con- 
fiscation of his property In due course. He was advertised, Decem- 
ber 8th, 1778, as "a fugitive now with the enemy;" an inquisition 
was returned against him, January 19th, 1779, and he was again ad- 
vertised as "a fugitive now with the enemy," April 29th, 1779, and 
April 26th, 1784. The board of justices and freeholders of the county 
Informed the Legislature, December 20th, 1780, that Longworth, who 
was one of the commissioners of the loan office for Essex county, had 
taken with him the books and papers and some of the money entrusted 
to his care, by which means he had forfeited his bond. He was one of 
the fifty-flve civilian Loyalists who, in July, 1783, petitioned for lands 
in Nova Scotia, as consideration of their services to the King. He 
appears to have returned to Newark after the war, where he made his 
will, in 1790, in which he names his wife Catherine and grrandson David 
Johnson. His brother, Thomas Longworth, a leading member of Trin- 
ity Church, Newark, was also advertised as "a fugitive now with the 
enemy," at the same time as Isaac, and his wife, Mary Bruen, and was 
deported from Newark in June, 1777. He returned to Newark after 
the war, and died July 23d, 1790, aged 72 years. He was the father of 
David Longworth, who published the first New York directory, in 1786. 
and was the grandfather of Nicholas Longworth, one of Cincinnati's 
prominent citizens for many years. — Collections N. J. Hist. 8oc., Vl., and 
Supplement, passim; 1 N. J. Archives, XXII; Minutes Provincial Congress; 
Revolutionary Correspondence N. J. Executive Sabine's Loyalists, II., 546. — 
2V. J. Archives, 2d Series, page 419. 


James Lyon was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of New 
Brunswick in 1762, and was ordained by the sam-e body, December 5, 
1764, to go to N'ova Scotia, where he labored in the ministry for sev- 
eral years. In 1771 he removed to Machias, Me., preaching there under 
great dlflicultles, especially during t'he Revolution. He supplied tihc 
pulpit of Newtown, L. I., for two or three years until the spring of 1785. 
He died October 12, 1794. He Is said to have been of Irish birth. In the 
New American Magazine (published at Woodbrldge, N. J.), for Septem- 
ber, 1769, appears an orlglnial ode, "Louisburg Taken," Introduced by a 

note, signed "Al s" (i. e., Alumnus), in which the writer asks hin 

readers to "Impute any impropriety in the Performance, or Incorrect 
nees in Measure, to the Unskiifulness of a Lyre, touch'd by unexperi 
enced To<uth." The ode is two pages in length, and is signed "Nasso- 
vian," witto the date, "E. Jersey, Aug. 1, 1759." It is probably from the 
pen of Mr Lyon. 


Joseph Lyon was a descendant of Henry Lyon, one of the first set- 
tlers of Newark, In 1667, but who was of Elizabethtown in 1673. Capt. 
Joseph Lyon was an Elder in the Presbyterian Church at Elizabeth- 
town as early as 1769. He died at Lyons Farms, August 26, 1772, in his 

161 xi 


61st year. His son, Joseph Lyon, bom 1741« and who graduated at 
Princeton in 1763, was an Elder in the same church for thirty-five 
years before his death, which occurred May 14. 1821. 


Johannes Moelich (Melick, Mellick) was born Feb. 26, 1702, at Bendorf 
on the Rhine, Germany, son of Johan Wilhelm Moelich and Anna Cath- 
arine, his wife. He married Maria Cathrina (born Jan. 8, 1698, daugh- 
ter of Burgomasrter Gottfried) Kirbergrer, at Bendorf, Nov. 1, 1723. He 
emigrated with his wife, his four children bom at Bendorf, and his 
young-eat brother, Johan Grottfried, and arrived at Philadelphia May 
29, 1735, in the ship "Mercury." In December, 1747, he bought a tract 
of 409 acres in Greenwich township, now in Warren county. In 1750 
he was living on a farm of 400 acres in Readington township, Hunter- 
don county, where he established a tannery. He bought from George 
Leslie, 4n November, 1751, a tract of 367 acres in Bedminster township, 
on the road now running from Pluckamin to Peapack. Here he built 
a substantial stone house, which he occupied thereafter, and also es- 
tablished an extensive tannery and bark mill, which continued in suc- 
cessful operation for more than a century. He was an officer and active 
in the aftairs of Zion Lutheran church at New Germantown for sev- 
eral years before his death, but when St. Paul's church was projected 
at Pluckamin, in 1756, he gave £1, los. towards its erection, and on his 
death, Nov. 16, 1763, he was buried in the new churchyard at that place. 
He had children: 1. Georg Wilhelm, b. Aug. 12, 1724; d. Aug. 20, 1724; 
2. Aaron (bap. Ehrenreich), b. Oct. 17, 1725; d. at Bedminster, April 7, 
1809; 3. Veronica Gerdrutta, bap. Nov. 21, 1727; m. Johan Jacob Klein; 
d. Oct. 9, 1801; 4. Andrew, bap. Dec. 17, 1729; d. June 29, 1820, near Phil- 
llpsburg, N. J.; 5. Georg Anthon, bap. April 6, 1732; d. June 25, 1732; 
6. Marie Cathrlne, b. Dec. 5, 1733; m. Simon Ludewig HImroth, who 
came to America in 1752, settling at Bedminster, but in 1772 removed to 
Milton, Penn. ; 7. Philip, b. Oct. 9, 1736; settled near Pluckamin; 8. 
Peter, b. Dec. 5, 1739. From Aaron (3) are descended the Mellicks of 
Plainfield.— TTie Story of an Old Farm, by Andrew D. Mellick, jun., 1889. 
631; Hist. Hunterdon and Someract Counties, 716. 


William Maxwell was a native of Greenwich township, Sussex county. 
At a meeting of the people of that county, July 16th, 1774, he was ap- 
pointed on a committee to co-operate with the other counties, and sub- 
sequently was elected a Deputy to the Provincial Congress which met 
at Trenton in May, June and August, nib.^Minutes of Provincial Con- 
gress, 19, 169, 184. On October 28th, 1775, the Provincial Congress rec- 
ommended him for appointment as Colonel of the Western Battalion 
of New Jersey, and on November 7th the Continental Congress ap- 
pointed him, accordingly. Colonel of the Second Battalion, First Es- 
tablishment. — lb., 245; Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolution- 
ary Army, by William S. Stryker, 12, 16. The Continental Congress 
appointed him, October 23d, 1776, Brigadier-General, and placed under 
him the four battalions raised on the Second Establishment, called , 
"Maxwell's"— Stryker, ut supra, 41-2. On May 11th. 1779, 
Maxwell's Brigade was ordered to the Susquehanna, on Sullivan's ex- 
pedition. He resigned July 25th, 1780. "He commanded the Jersey 
line, during his entire term of service, as a general officer, and took 
an active part in every battle in which his brigade distinguished itself." 
—Stryker, ut supra, 64. "He served in the French War of 1755 as an 
officer of Provincial troops; was with Braddock when that officer was 



defeated, and fousht under Wolfe at the takinitr of Quebec. He was 
afterwards attached to the Commissary Department, and was posted 
at Mackinaw, holding the rank of Colonel. As soon as he heard that 
the Colonies which bordered on the Atlantic had resolved to resist the 
Crown to the death rather than be enslaved, he resiimed his commis- 
sion in the British army, marched on foot to Trenton, and tendered 
his services to the Provincial Con«rress, then in session. They were 
accepted and a Colonel's commission bestowed upon him, with others, 
to raise a battalion to march for Quebec. He succeeded in enlistins a 
fine body of men, and was engaged in recruiting when the meeting of 
the Sussex County Committee of Safety was held, August 10th and 11th, 
1775, of which he was chosen Chairman. He took up his line of march, 
according to orders, but the defeat of Montgomery occurred before he 
could possibly reach Quebec, and nothing remained but to return to 
headquarters. He was soon after raised to the rank of Brigadier- 
General, and served with distinction in the battles of Grermantown, 
Monmouth, Brandy wine, Springfield, Wyoming and elsewhere. His 
personal frankness and the absence of all haughtiness in his manners 
made him a great favorite with the soldiers; but his merits, as Is too 
often the case, excited envy; some of the officers who boasted a more 
aristocratic lineage than he could claim showed much jealousy of his 
advancement, and (in l'«80), when one of this class succeeded in ob- 
taining promotion over his head, he resigned his commission. He en- 
joyed to the last the special regard of Gen. Washington, who visited 
him. Gen. Maxwell's house took fire just after the close of the Revo- 
lution and all his valuable papers and correspondence were destroyed." 
— The First Sussex Centenary, Newark, 1853, p. 60. An eloquent inscrip- 
tion, written by his friend and compatriot, Gov. Richard Howell, is 
placed over his remains, in the graveyard of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Greenwich township, setting forth that he was the oldest 
son of John and Anne Maxwell, and that he died November 4th, 1796, 
in the 63d year of his age (he never married): 
In The Revolutionary War Which EiStablished The Independence 

of the 


He took an early, an active part; 


He arose, through different grades of the American Army, 

to the rank of Brigadier- General; 


He was a warm and decided friend 

To the Constitution and Government of his Country; 

In private life he was equally devoted to its service, and to the 

good of the community of which he was a member. 

An honorable and charitable man. 

A warm and affectionate friend, 

A zealous advocate of the institutions and 

An active promoter of the 

interests of the Christian Religion. 

— 76., 60, note. 
After the foregoing was put in type, the following additional par- 
ticulars were furnished the writer by George Maxwell Robeson, ex- 
Attomey General of New Jersey and ex- Secretary of the Navy, since 


General William Maxwell was born near Newtown Stewart, in 
county Tyrone, Ireland. He was of Scotch-Irish descent and was the 
son of John and Anne Maxwell. He came to this country with his 



father when nearly a man grown. His father settled at Greenwich, 
in the then county of Sussex, now Warren county. 

William entered the Provincial army as an officer. He was at the 
takingr of Quebec by Wolfe, and was one of Washlngrton's Provincials 
in the Braddock Expedition against Fort Duquesne, and he was at the 
defeat of that unfortunate General. For his military services at that 
period he received from the British crown a grant of land near where 
Tarrytown is now located. The papers with regard to this grrant were, 
however, lost in the burning of his house just before the close of the 
Revolutionary War. 

At the time of the breaking out of the Revolution he was in the 
Provincial army, holding the rank of Colonel, and was stationed at 
Mackinaw. Upon receiving news of the first hostilities, he resigrned 
his commission and started for home on horseback. His horse dropped 
dead in New York State somewhere near the New Jersey line, but he 
pushed on on foot until he reached Sussex county, where he immedi- 
ately began to raise troops for the patriot cause. 

No portrait of General Maxwell is known to exist, but according 
to family tradition he was a tall, stalwart man. with large bones. He 
had a florid complexion, large grey eyes, and his hair was dark brown, 
almost black — iron grey during the Revolutionary War. His manner 
was bluff but hearty, and, from his Scotch descent and accent, his 
soldiers called him "Scotch Willie." 

His father lived in Greenwich with his wife, a young son, Robert, 
and two daughters. On one occasion the house was raided by a party 
of Tories. They ransacked the house, beat the old gentleman, and 
gave Robert a violent blow on the head, which injured him severely. 
The wife and daughters were forced to flee to the woods for safety. 
General Maxwell, as soon as he was able, got leave of absence from 
the army and, with a party of soldiers, pursued the Tories. He cap- 
tured them and hanged them promptly, it is said, without judge or 

His brother John, who was next to him in age, was a Lieutenant in 
the First Jersey Establishment and afterwards a Captain in the ser- 
vice. He served at one time on General Maxwell's staff with the rank 
of Major. It is related that he one day rode into camp at Morristown 
with a full company of one hundred stalwart soldiers from Sussex, to 
the surprise and delight of Washington. 

Captain John Maxwell's eldest son was George Clifford Maxwell. 
Jefferson's United States District Attorney, and member of Congress 
from New Jersey in 1811-13, elected as a Democrat. He married Miss 
Rachel Bryant and they had two children: 

i. A son, John Paterson Bryant Maxwell, who was a member of 
Congress from New Jersey from 1836 to 1840, and died at Belvidere. 
November 14th, 1845. 

ii. A daughter, Anna Maria, who married William P. Robeson, of 
Oxford Furnace, and their eldest son is the George Maxwell Robeson 
from whom the above information was derived, who was also a mem- 
ber of Congress from New Jersey from 1878 to 1892. 

Captain John Maxwell had also a younger son, William, and two 


Susan McCain (probably widow of William McKean), of New Lon- 
don, Chester County, Penn., in her will, dated December 28, 1730, de- 
vised her lands to two sons— William McCain and Thomas McCain. 
William, her oldest son. was bom in Ireland in 1707. He kept a tavern 



in what is now known as Chatham, New London, until 1741, when he 
removed to Londongrove, an adjoining township, where he kept tav- 
ern, and in 1745 removed to Londonderry, where he followed the same 
business. He married, 1st, Letitia Finney, who died in 1742; 2d, Anne 
Logan, widow of James Logan, who had preceded him as tavern keeper 
at Londonderry; she died in 1751. He died November 18, 1769. He left 
issue (among others) by his first wife: 

i. Robert, born July 13, 1732. He studied medicine, and was mission- 
ary at New Brunswick for several years, and at Perth Amboy, from 
February, 1763, until his death, October 17, 1767. 

ii. Thomas, born March 19, 1734, in New London, Penn. After receiv- 
ing a preparatory education under the Rev. Francis Allison, D. D., he 
entered the office of a relative, David Finney, at Newcastle, Del., as 
a law student, and was admitted to the bar In 1754 (before he was 
twenty-one), so superior was his reputation as a student. In 1756 he 
was api>ointed prosecutor of the pleas in Sussex County, Del. He was 
admitted to the bar of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, April 17, 1758. 
He then went to ETngland, and entered the Middle Temple, May 9, 1758, 
to pursue his law studies. June 20, 1765, he was licensed to practice in 
the New Jersey Courts. He was a member of the Legislature from 
Newcastle, 1762-1779; was a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress of 1765, 
and was elected to the Continental Congress in 1774, and served in that 
body several years, being one of the Signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, and President in 1781. He was C?hief Justice of Pennsylva- 
nia, 1777-1799. In 1799 he was elected Governor of Pennsylvania, by the 
Republicans, and immediately began a w<holesale system of removals 
of his politcal opponents from oftice. He was re-elected in 1802 and 1805, 
serving nine years of most turbulent experience as Oovernor. He mar- 
ried, 1st, July 21, 1763, Mary Borden, oldest child of Col. Joseph Borden, 
of Bordentown* N. J.; she died March 12, 1773, in her 29th year. He 
married, 2d, September 3, 1774, Sarah Armitage, of Newcastle. He died 
June 24, 1817. His widow died May 6, 1820.— MciTean Genealogy, by Rob- 
erdeau Buchanan, Lancaster, Pa., 1890; Lives of the Governors of Penn- 
sylvania, by William C. Armor, Philadelphia, 1873, 289, 307. 


Daniel McEowen came to this country from Argyleshire, Scotland, 
with his brothers Duncan and Alexander, and his sister Mary, in the 
spring of 1736, in the same ship with Alexander Kirkpatrick and his 
family. The Kirkpatricks located at Mine Brook, Somerset county, 
and the McBowens not far away, in Bedmdnster township, in the same 
county. The latter were accompanied by their mother, and perhaps 
by their father, and were all young, Mary being only eight years of 
age. Daniel married Ann Graham, of Somerset county, Dec. 4, 1744. 
He subscribed £1, 16s. in 1756 towards the erection of St. Paul's Lutheran 
Church at Pluckemin. No record has been found of his appointment 
as Judge or Justice of the Peace. His will, dated May 8, 1762, was 
proved June 15, 1762. In it he refers to his "honored mother Ann 
McEoen," and to his six children— Hugh, George, Daniel, Alexander, 
William and Mary. It was witnessed by Peter Penier, George Remer 
and John Castner, jun. His brother Duncan married Jennet, daughter 
of Alexander Kirkpatrick. His sister Mary, born in Argyles'hire, Sco* - 
land, Aug. 1, 1728, married David, son of Alexander Kirkpatrick, March 
31, 1748; she di'ed at Mine Brook, Nov. 2, 1795; her husband died March 
19, 1814. One of their children was Andrew Kirkpatrick, bom Feb. 17, 
1756, who was Chief Justice of New Jersey, 1803-1824. William McEowen, 
son of Daniel, was a merchant at Pluckemin during the Revolution, 
and bought fiour for the American army. He died at Pluckemin, 
March 10, 1817, aged sixty-one years. 




The Rev. Robert McKean was b. July 13, 1732, the son of William 
McCain and Letitia Finney, his wife. William McCain was b. tn Ire- 
land in 1707, and coming to America in ecu-ly life with his mother, 
Susan McCain, settled with her at Chatham. New London. Chester 
county, Penn., w|iere he kept tavern until 1741. thereafter for four 
years at Londongrove. and later at Londonderry, in the same resion. 
He d. Nov. 18. 1769. 

Robert McKean (as he wrote his name) studied for the ministry, 
probably under the Rev. Francis Allison. D. D., and havingr been or- 
dained in England, in 1757 was appointed by the Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts to be a missionery of the 
Church of England, at New Brunswick, his labors, however, often 
extending so far afield as Piscataway. Spotswood. Woodbridge, and 
more distant settlements in Central New Jersey. On taking charge 
of his mission he wrote home to the Society. January 8. 1758, that he 
"arrived at New Brunswick on the 16th of Dec, and was kindly re- 
ceived by his congregation, and had officiated regularly to them frons 
that time." Writing again from New Brunswick, Feb. 5, 1758, to the 
Rev. Dr. Peter Bearcroft, Secretary of the Society, he says: "Since 
my arrival here I have wrote to you by two different Conveyances, 
one by the Pacquet, and another by means of a friend via Ireland. In 
them I have troubled you with a particular account of my Voyage and 
other proper occurrences, as also the kind reception I have met with 
and the happy prospect I have as yet in my mission." Young as he 
was, his indefatigable zeal and marked ability were speedily recog- 
nized. The College in Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsyl- 
vania) conferred upon him the honorary degree of A. M., in 1760. 
When Gov. Thomas Boone arrived in New Jersey, in July, 1760, the 
clergy of the Church of England waited upon him with an address, 
presented by a committee of three, of whom Mr. McKean was one. 
He served on a similar committee to address Gov. Josiah Hardy in 
November, 1761. He was regular and faithful in his attendance upon 
the convention of clergy which met in Philadelphia, April 30-May 5, 
1760, to discuss the affairs of the church in Pennsylvania and the 
Lower Counties; he and Mr. Samuel Cook, "two of the Society's 
worthy Missionaries of New Jersey, [attending] with the kind inten- 
tion of giving their best advice and assistance in promoting the de- 
signs of the Convention." When the pulpit of St. Peter's church at 
Perth Amboy became vacant, in 1761, the people of that congregation 
"had so much their hearts set on Mr. McKean" that they were "ut- 
terly averse" to the Society's selection, and were correspondingly 
glad when the appointee declined to leave Litchfield, Conn., and in 
the course of a year Mr. McKean was transferred to Perth Amboy, 
where he arrived in February, 1763, with a notification of his appoint- 
ment as Missionary, his services being restricted to that parish ex- 
clusively, at the request of the vestry. In 1764 Woodbridge was placed 
in his care, he visiting it once every three weeks. In these charges 
he labored with indefatigable zeal and assiduity, and manifestly had 
the confidence of the older clergy. His own experience of the hard 
ship laid upon young Americans who were obliged to go to England 
for ordination made him an ardent and perhaps intemperate advocate 
of the plan of appointing American Bishops — a, cause so ably urged 
by Dr. Chandler. Mr. McKean studied medicine, and was a successful 
practitioner in that profession, and so much esteemed among his fel- 
low medical men that he was one of the seventeen who organized the 
New Jersey Medical Society, in July, 1766, and was elected its first 



President. His parishioners did not object to his practicingr, but they 
—at least some of them — did find fault when he sent in his bills. He 
also seems to have taugrht school at Perth Amboy. 

Mr. McKean m. Isabel Graham AntlU, Feb. 19, 1766, at Christ 
church, Shrewsbury. She was a dau. of Edward Antill, 2d, of New 
Brunswick, and Anne Morris, his wife, dau. of Gov. Lewis Morris. 
She is said to have been "a young lady of very gay and independent 
spirit, not calculated to enhance the domestic happiness of the mis- 
sionary." In his will, dated Sept. 13, 1767, he describes himself as 
"Clerk, Missionary from the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 
in Foreign Parts, at Perth Amboy." He mentions his wife, but no 
children. He died at Raritan Landing, near New Brunswick, at the 
residence of his father-in-law, Edward Antill, 2d, October 17, 1767, 
after a long and wasting illness. Writing to the Society, October 12, 
1767, the Rev. Dr. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, of Elizabeth town, says: 
"Wasted away with a tedious disorder, the worthy, the eminently 
useful and amiable Mr. McKean is judged by his physicians to be at 
present at the point of death." He adds: "A better man was never 
in the Society's service." The lamented young clergyman was buried 
in St. Peter's churchyard, Perth Amboy, where a monument erected 
by his brother, Thomas McKean — a Signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, Chief Justice and afterwards Governor of Pennsylvania — 
bears this inscription: "In Memory of The Rev. Robert McKean, 
M. A., Practitioner in Physic, &c., and Missionary from the Society 
for the Propagation of the Gdspel in Foreign Parts, to the City of 
Perth Amboy: — who was born July 13th, 1732, N. S., and died Oct. 
17th, 1767, An unshaken Friend, an agreeable Companion, a rational 
Divine, a skillful Physician, and In every relation In life a truly ben- 
evolent and honest man. Fraternal love hath erected this monument." 
— Genealogy of the McKean Family, by Roberdeau Buchanan, Lancaster, 
Pa., 1890, 8-9, 13; A Record of Christ Church, New Brunswick, by the 
Rev. Alfred Stubbs, New York, 1850, 9: Historical Collections relating 
to the American Colonial Church, edited by William Stevens Perry, D. D., 
Volume II., Pennsylvania, 1871, 270-273, 295-305, 380, 381, 410; History 
of 8t. John's Church, Elizabeth Town, by Samuel A. Clark. Philadelphia, 
1867, 85, 96, 110, 118-119; Contributions to the Early History of Perth 
Amboy, by William A. Whitehead, New York, 1856, 225, 228-9, 291, 391, 
392, 409; N. J. Archives, Ist Series, IX.. 338, 340; XX., 262, 434, 468, 
636; XXrV., 457; XXV., 472-3; N, 7. Colonial Documents, VI., 610; VIL. 
497; Woodbridge and Vicinity, by Rev. Joseph W. Dally, New Bruns- 
wick, 1873, 130-132; A ColUclion of American Epitaphs, by Rev. Timothy 
Alden. A. M., New York, 1814, No. 1045; Historical Collections of the 
State of New Jersey, by John W. Barber and Henry Howe, Newark 
[1844], 309; Edward Antill and His Descendants, by William Nelson, 1899. 
24-25; History of Medicine in New Jersey, and of Its Medical Men, by 
Stephen Wickes, A. M., M. D., Newark, 1879, 329-330; Transactions of 
the New Jersey Medical Society, 1766-1800, Newark, 1866. passim. 


Peter Mersellis — so the name appears on his tombstone — died at 
Trenton, June 25, 1764, aged 43 years. He was a carpenter at that time. 
His brother, Henry Marselis, was a brewer in Trenton until his death. 
In 1753. Peter and Henry had a brother John and a sister Catharine. 


For a sketch of Ebenezer Miller, see N. J. Archives, XIX., 392, note. 
Some account of his descendants is given In Shourds's "History and 
Genealogy of Fenwick's Colony," 153-160. He is frequently mentioned 



in Elmer's "Cumberland County." An interesting memorial of his old- 
est son, Ebenezer Miller, jun., born in 1728, died 11th of 7th mo. 1800, , 
will be found in "Memorials of Deceased Friends," Philadelphia, 1821, 
106-109. He had been a minister among Friends about thirty-flve years 
before his decease. 


A'aul Miller was one of the petitioners for the charter of New Bruns- 
wick, granted Dec. 7, 1730. He is mentioned in various records as being 
of New Brunswick, in 1743 to 1749. In the latter year he lived in French 
street, opposite Burnet street. He was appointed one of the Common 
Pleas Judges of Somerset County, March 19. 1759. 


Robert Hunter Morris, born at Morrisania, N. Y., about 1700, was the 
second son of Governor Lewis Morris, who appointed him Chief Justice 
of New Jersey on the unanimous recommendation of the Council, to 
succeed Col. Robert Lettice Hooper, deceased. His commission, dated 
March 17, 1738 (1739 N. S.), was during good behaviour. It is published 
in N. J. Archives, IX., 207-9. (For a note on the significance of this 
provision in the commission of Judges, see N. J. Archives, IX., 323-6.) 
Chief Justice Morris was also named as a member of his father's Coun- 
cil, in the commission (1738) appointing the Governor, and sturdily de- 
fended the doughty Chief Magistrate on all occasions. In 1748 he was 
one of the three commissioners to run the northern boundary line of 
New Jersey. He had accompanied his father to England in 1735, and 
revisited that country in 1749, when he lodged with a Mrs. Stuart, a 
widow, in St. James's Place, the result being a child. When he re- 
turned to assume the government of Pennsylvania he left the child 
with Will Shirley, who paid out £70 or £80 subsequently for its sup- 
port. Writing in 1763, Morris asked his friend, John Penn, to make 
some inquiries about the child, of whom he had lost all trace, and whom 
he was anxious to have in America. He spent several years in England 
on his second visit, and was treated with respect and consideration. 
He sought an appointment as Lieutenant Governor of New York. In- 
stead, John and Thomas Penn made him Governor of Pennsylvania, and 
he returned in 1754 to assume that office. For two years he enjoyed a 
continual disagreement with the Assembly of that Province, and then 
resigned. He had tendered his resignation of Chief Justice of New 
Jersey in 1754, but as it was not accepted he resumed the duties of the 
office in 1756. In 1757 he revisited England once more, and during his 
absence William Aynsley was appointed to succeed him, taking his 
seat on the bench at the March Term, 1758, but died July 6 of the same 
year. Nathaniel Jones was commissioned to fill the assumed vacancy, 
and presented himself at the March Term, 1760. But Chief Justice 
Morris was on the bench. His commission was during good hehaviour. 
True, he had resigned, but his resignation had not been accepted, and 
he had concluded to resume the position. His right to do this was 
sustained by his associate. Justice Samuel Nevill, in an opinion from 
the bench. Morris died suddenly on the night of January 27, 1764, at 
a party at Shrewsbury. He led out the parson's wife in a dance, opened 
the ball, danced down six couples, and then fell dead on the floor, in 
an apoplectic fit. He was buried at Morrisania, Westchester county, 
N. Y. Chief Justice Morris was a very remarkable man, and filled a 
large place in the public affairs of New Jersey, New York and Pennsyl- 
vania. Samuel Smith, the historian, speaks very highly of his abilities 
as a judge and as a speaker. He never married. — 'S. J. Archives, XI., 
562-3; XXIV., 305. (See, also, under 'Nathaniel Jones," supra). 




The Hev. Andrew Morton was an itinerant missionary in New 
Jersey as early as 1760, having been sent out by the Society for the 
l:*ropagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. He was commended for 
his shrewdness in persuading "the people to obligate themselves to 
do such and such things for him so that he has a legal demand on 
them for ye same when he discharges his duty." In 1764 he had some 
difficulty with a Mr. Garrison, who claimed that Mr. Morton had 
wronged his daughter; but having been confronted by Mr. Morton 
and a Mr. Steuart at Trenton, Mr. Garrison withdrew his charge. 
However, the affair apparently impaired Mr. Morton's usefulness. 
His field of service seems to have been in the western part of New 


William Mott was a descendant of Adam Mott, of Essex, England, 
who married, at New Amsterdam, July 28, 1647, Jane Hulet, of Buck- 
ingham, England. He was iik New Amsterdam as early as 1644, and 
received a grant of twenty-five acres of land on Mespath Kill (New- 
tov/n Creek, Long Island), April S, 1646, from the Dutch Government 
of New Netherland. Or March 17, 1657, he was chosen one of the 
townsmen of Hempstead, I.. I. His wife, Jane Hulet, died, after bear- 
ing eight sons, the youngest of whom was Gershom. Adam married, 
2d, Elizabeth Richbell, daughter of John Richbell, of Mamaroneck. 
She bore him five children, one of whom was baptized Adam, although 
his father's eldest son, Adam, was still living. In his will, proved in 
1689, Adam Mott speaks of his eldest son Adam, and his youngest son 

Gershom Mott, the youngest son of Adam Mott and Jane Hulet, was 
born about 1663. In early manhood he removed to Monmouth County, 
N. J., where he is mentioned in the records in 1685. He was Sheriff of 
the county, 1697-8, and a member of the Assembly, 1708-16. He married, 
in 1695, Catherine Bowne, daughter of Captain John Bowne. His will, 
dated Feb. 15, 1730, was proved March 30, 1733. In it he describes himself 
as "Gershom Mott, Gentleman, of Middletown, Monmouth County." 
His second child was William, born November 9, 1699. He was elected 
to the Assembly in 1743, and when the Governor repeatedly dissolved 
that body, in hopes of securing one more favorable to himself, William 
Mott was re-elected each time— in 1744, 1745, 1746, 1749 and 1751— sitting 
in that body until its dissolution in June, 1754. He is mentioned in thr 
newspapers of the day as one of those who would receive subscriptions 
for Nevill's Laws, Vol. I., and for Learning and Spicer's compilation 
of the Grants and Concessions, etc. He married Margaret Harts- 
home, daughter of William Hartshorne (born January 22, 1679). His 
will is dated Middletown, May 14, 1742. His oldest son was John, born 
January 18, 1734; married Eleanor Johnston, June 17, 1784. He served in 
the French and Indian War, and in the Revolution, attaining the 
rank of Captain. He was the grandfather of General Gershom Mott, 
of New Jersey, who commanded a Brigade of Jerseymen in the War 
of the Rebellion. — For the genealogical data above, the writer is in- 
debted to a well written article by Miss Kate A. Mott, in the N. Y. 
Oenealoyical and Biographical Record, XXV., 49-56. See also A". J. Hist. 
Soc. Proc, v., 25-26; N. J. Archives, II., 363; III., 212; IV., 125; 
VI., 202; VIII., Part IL, 151; XII.. 690; XVI., passim; XXV.. 18. 




William Mountere or Mountier was living in Princeton in the summer 
of 1748, in a house which he rented from Judge Thomas Leonard, at £20 
per annum, and was building a house in Middlesex county, on a lot of 
his own, on the other side of the Street, which he was occupying in Feb- 
ruary, 1730-51. He advertised the place for sale in September, 1753, de- 
scribing the lot as "containing three acres, subject to Five Pounds a 
year, ground rent, the house is new and well finished, and very con- 
venient for a tavern (one being kept in it now), or any other public busi- 
ness, being well situated, and near where the college is to be built." He 
was then living in Trenton. He was probably a tavern keeper. He seems 
to have been again occupying the premises in 1761, and as late as 1767. 
—N. J, Archives, XIIL, 465; XIX., 218, 219, 290; XXV.. 432. 


James Neiison and his brother, John Neilson, M. D., came from Bel- 
fast, Ireland, in 1730 or earlier, and settled at New Brunswick, wher^ the 
former became a shipping merchant and ship owner, his vessels trading 
with Belfast, Lisbon, Madeira and the West India Islands. He was ap- 
pointed one of the Judges of the Middlesex county courts, in 1749, and 
again in 1768. In 1749 he was talked of as a candidate for the Assembly, 
but was never elected to that body. He was prominent in the early 
days of the Revolution. His partner in the shipping business was Rich- 
ard Gibbs. James Neilson was manifestly one of the leading men of his 
day in Middlesex county, occupying numerous positions of trust, and 
his store was the centre of a large trade and was a public resort for a 
wide region. He was the uncle of Col. John Neilson, who was dis- 
tinguished in the Revolution, and who had the honor to be counted a 
friend and acquaintance of Washington. 


James Newell, son of Robert Newell, of Upper Freehold, was bom 
in 1725, and was sent to Edinburgh to receive his medical education, 
receiving his diploma at London in 1746. Returning to America, he 
practiced his profession through a wide region in and about Monmouth 
county. In 17(>4 he was living at Allen Town, Monmouth county. He 
was elected President of the New Jersey Medical Society in 1772. Dur- 
ing the Revolution he acted as Surgeon of the Second Regiment of the 
Monmouth County Militia. He married, Dec. 14, 1749, Flizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Elizha Lawrence. He died Feb. 20 and his wife died Feb. 21, 
1791, of malignant fever. Both were buried on the same day. 


John Cosins Ogden, a native of New Jersey, resided in New Haven 
for fifteen years after graduating at Princeton College in 1770. Having 
been ordained by Bishop Seabury, in 1786, he became Rector of an 
Episcopal church in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where he remained 
until 1793. He died in Chestertown, Maryland, in 1800.— ^^. J. Archives. 
XXVII., 267. 


Jonathan Ogden was from Elizabethtown, probably a cousin of 
Robert Ogden, 3d. He returned to that place after graduating. He 
never entered a profession. 




Robert Osrden, 3d, son of Robert and Phebe (Hatfield) Offden« w«b 
bom at £lixabeth Town, March 23, 1746, In the house afterwards occu- 
pied by Greneral Matthias Ogden, and subsequently by Joel Davis. 
After graduatins: from Princeton College, in 1765, he studied law with 
Richard Stockton. He was admitted to the New Jersey bar, June 21. 
1770, and began the practice of law at Elizabethtown. To him, in con* 
nection with William Paterson, Luther Martin, Oliver Ellsworth and 
Tapping Reeve, is ascribed the founding of the American Cliosophic 
Society, which dates its origin back to 1765. He was a fine scholar, 
and kept up his classical reading after entering upon his profession. 
Being a warm and earnest patriot, he was obliged to move with his 
family to Morristown in 1776 for safety from British raids. In this 
year he was commissioned surrogate by Gov. Livingston. In 1777 he 
removed again to Turkey, n)w New Providence, in what is now Union 
County. In 1780 (May term) he- was called up as one of the twelve 
sergeants-at-law of New Jersey. After the war he was compelled to 
leave the seaboard on account of the asthma, and in the spring of 
1786 he removed to Sussex county, where he resided during the re- 
mainder of his life, his homestead being about two miles north of the 
village of Sparta. The house was built by Cornelius Hoagland near 
the close of the Revolutionary War, and was conveyed with ten acres 
of land to Robert Ogden, Jun. (3d), by his father, Robert Ogden (2d), 
in 1786. Here his children were brought up and his youngest were 
born. This house witnessed great hospitality and many distinguished 
visitors were entertained there. It now forms a part of the Fowler 
estate. In 1787 he was one of the members of the convention called to 
approve the Constitution of the United States. He was married by 
Rev. John Close, May 19, 1772, to Sarah Piatt, daughter of Dr. Zopher 
Piatt and Rebecca Wood; she was born at Huntington, L. I., Sept. 
27, 1750; she d. Jan. 21, 1782; she had five children. He was married, 
(2), by Rev. Nathan Woodhull to Hannah Piatt, sister of his first wife. 
Mar. 12, 1786. She was b. De3. 17, 1756, and d. on Thursday, May 7, 1812, 
of a cancer in the breast. She had three children. "She endured much 
pain with great fortitude and Christian resignation." He d. Feb. 14, 
1826, in his 80th year, at the residence of his grandson, the Hon. Daniel 
Haines, at Hamburgh, Sussex county, and was buried at Sparta, be- 
side his 2d wife, Hannah Piatt. His first wife (Sarah Piatt) is buried 
at Elizabeth. — See sketch of Robert Ogden, written for the History of 
the Cliosophic Society, by Gov. Daniel Haines; the Rev. A. A. 
Haines's Hardyston Memorial; "Descendants of Robert Ogden, 2d, 1716- 
1787," by Edmund Drake Halsey, 1896. 


Uzal Ogden was a son of Capt. David Ogden, who died July 1, 1734, 
aged 56 years; the latter was the eldest son of David Ogden, who re- 
moved from Elizabethtown to Newark about 1676, he having been one 
of the first settlers of the former town, in 1664. Uzal Ogden was a 
leading merchant in Newark many years. In 1748 he was one of the 
managers of the lottery to raise money to complete Trinity Church, 
Newark. He was appointed one of the Common Pleas Judges for 
Essex County in 1749, and agalu In 1768; one of the Surrogates of the 
Prerogative Court In the Eastern Division of New Jersey, in March, 
1759 (Lewis Ogden being appointed to the like office at the same time), 
and again, March 22, 1762, and was High Sheriff of Essex County, 1763-5. 
He and his brother John invested heavily in mining properties in Mor- 
ris County and the upper part of the present Passaic County — at Bloom - 



Ingrdale, Rinsrwood, Long Pond. Charlottenburg, and that region, they 
being kno^n as the 'American Company." There they had mines, 
forges, etc. At Newark they conducted the "Vesuvius Furnace," for 
the manufacture of hollow iron ware, etc. Their general mercantile 
business in Newark was also extensive, they carrying on a general 
country store. All this required a large outlay of capital, with slow 
and uncertain returns. They were obliged to mortgage their mining 
property to Messrs. Thomas and Ferdinand Penning-ton, of Bristol, 
England. Other debts accumulated, and in 1769 they became Insolvent, 
with imprisonment for debt facing them. With a bitter heart Uzal 
Ogden gives notice to his creditors, Feb. 24, 1770, of his Intention to 
apply to the Legislature at its next sitting, in the ensuing March, for 
an act to save him from imprisonment for debt. There is a deep touch 
of pathos in his declaration, "having spent near sixty years of life, in 
the most unwearied industrj-, (the latter part of which has been sin- 
gularly unfortunate) and beinj? willing aryil desirous, so far as in my 
power to do Justice to all men, and to deliver up all my effects to the 
use and benefit of my creditors." The firm made an assignment of 
all their property to Joseph Riggs, jun., and Thomas Longworth, who 
advertised the mining properties to be sold on March 2, 1771. at the 
dwelling-house of Mr. James Banks, Innholder in Newark. The prop- 
erty passed into the hands of London capitalists, known as the "Lon- 
don .Company," who operated the mines until the beginning of the 
Revolution. Uzal Ogden died July 25, 1780. He is spoken of as "a 
gentleman of undissembled goodness and universal esteem." He was 
the father of the Rev. Uzal Ogden, a prominent clergyman of New 
Jersey, who was born in Newark about 1744, and died in that town, 
Nov. 4, 1822. 


William Ouke was a prominent merchant at New Brunswick, where 
he had been engaged In trade prior to 1740. He was active in the Re- 
formed Dutch Church of that place. He was baptized Aug. 4, 1708, be- 
ing the son of Aucke Janse, who removed from Flatlands, L. I., to the 
Raritan. The latter was the son of Jan Auclie'^z, sometimes called 
Jan Auckers Van Nuyse. Ouke was a Justice ot the Peace in 1740, and 
in 1744 was elected to the Assembly from Middlesex, serving one year. 
He was one of the managers of a lottery in 1748 to raise money to pay 
the debts of Peter Cochran, of New Brunswick.— A^. J. Archives, XII., 
485. He had tickets for sale in the Connecticut lottery for the College 
of New Jersey (Princeton), in 17&4.— 76., XiX., 376. In 1762 he was 
one of the manag«^rs of the Bound-Brook bridge lottery. — lb., XXIV.. 
36. He waf5 a Judja'e of the Mayor's court of common pleas of the city 
of New Brunswick, in 1763-176G.— /(*.. 609; XXV., 38. At the beginning 
of the Revolution he was one of the prominent patriots of Middlesex 
County.— iV'. J. Archives, X., 471, 588. In his will, dated Nov. 6, 1778, proved 
Jan. 23, 1779, he names a son, Abraham Oake, "grandson Abraham 
Oake, son of my brother Abraham Oake, deceased;" Mary Vorhize, 
"daughter of my beloved brother, Jacob Oake." His signature to the 
will is undecipherable, but with a fine and tender regard for his educa- 
tional reputation the note is made in the margin: "The reason that Mr. 
Oaks name is not signed fully is that his hand is crampd with the 
palsy."— TF. J. Wills, Liber No. 21, f. 81. He seems to have written his 
name Oake. The confidence with whidh Mr. Ouke was regarded by his 
neighbors is attested by his selection as executor for numerous estates. 
There are many references to him in Vols. XII and XIX., N. J. Ar- 




James Parker, son of Ellsha Parker, was born in 1725. He married 
Gertrude, daughter of the Rev. William Skinner. He was a member 
of Governor Franklin's Council, 1764-1755, and was one of the most 
Influential men in the Province. He was a large landholder, was in 
mercantile business in New York and New Jersey, and was prominent 
in the control of the East Jersey Board of Proprietors for many years. 
His official associations and his pecuniary interests naturally inclined 
him to the Royal cause, at the beginning of the Revolution, but there 
were also strong ties binding him to those who were among the first 
to take up arms against the King. Under the circumstances, having 
repeatedly been called upon to swear allegiance to the King, and being 
unwilling to take an active part In the new struggle, he was neutral, 
and sought to avoid any part In the war by retiring to a country place 
In Hunterdon county. But the Council of Safety, on July 21st, 1777, 
ordered him and Walter Rutherfurd to appear before that body and 
take the oath of allegiance to the new independent State of New Jer- 
sey. They appeared two days later, but refused to take the oaths, and 
were thereupon held to bail to appear at the next Court of General 
Quarter Sessions of the Peace for Hunterdon county. When the Court 
met they again refused to take the oaths before the Court, and the 
Council of Safety ordered (August 15th, 177) them to be brought be- 
fore the Governor and Council as persons disaffected to the State. 
They came before the Council August 20th, pursuant to citation, and 
after being examined it was resolved that they be "confined as disaf- 
fected to the State, until an Equal number of our subjects captivated 
by the Enemy be released or other order taken therein." The next 
day they appeared before the Council and gave bond in £2,000, con- 
ditioned to "remain at the Court House in Morris county, or within a 
mile and a half, until further order be taken therein." The Council 
agreed, on October 16th, 1777, to release Parker and Rutherfurd from 
their confinement In exchange for John Fell, Esq., and Wynant Van 
Zandt, captured by the Tories in Bergen county, and confined in New 
York, and shortly after admitted the two gentlemen to their parole at 
Morris town, in order to induce the Britisn to make the proposed ex- 
change; but this proving Ineffective, it was ordered, November 17th, 
1777, that Parker and Rutherfurd be "forthwith committed to the 
Common Gaol in Morristown until the Honorable John Fell, Esq. and 
Wynant Van Zandt are exchanged for them or released from their 
confinement in New York." Four days later the Council directed the 
Sheriff of Morris county to confine the two prisoners in "a private 
room nearest the Court House, for a space of three weeks from the 
date hereof; and then to execute the precept lately delivered to him 
for their imprisonment, unless he shall receive orders to the contrary." 
On December 13th, 1777, the Council agreed, that "In consideration of 
Mr. Rutherfurd's & Mr. Parker's indisposition, they be Enlarged from 
their present Confinement until the 1st day of February next, upon the 
terms of their obligation of having the District of one Mile from the 
Court House in Morristown, & that they be then committed to Jail 
unless the Council of Safety shall order to the contrary." This order 
was still further modified December 31st. 1777, when it was agreed 
that they be discharged from their confinement in Morristown and 
suffered to return to their respective places of abode, "there to con- 
tinue & within one mile of the same respectively until the first day of 
February next. & then to be confined in prison until the Hon. John 
Fell Esq. shall be released from his confinement in New York, on. 




condition of libemtinfir the said Walter Rutherfurd." The two men 
were Anally released in the following February, upon the release of 
Mr. Fell. James Parker after this resided in peace on his country 
place until the close of the war, when he returned to Perth Amboy. 
He was honored in the community, and throughout the State, as a man 
of ability and distinguished probity, and died, full of years and honors, 
October 4th, 1797. His wife died February 10th, 1811, aged 71 years. 
A very full sketch of James Parker may be found in the New York 
Genealogical and Biographical Record, XXX., 31-36. 


William Paterson was famous for his influence in the Federal Con- 
vention of 1787. He was chosen United States Senator in 1789, but re- 
signed in 1790. to accept the office of Governor of New Jersey, which 
in turn he relinquished, March 4, 1793, on his appointment by Washing- 
ton to a seat on the Bench of the Supreme Court of the United States. 
He held this high office until the end of his life. Judge Paterson re- 
ceived the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from Dartmouth, in 
1805, and from Harvard, in 1806. He died at Albany, September 9, 1806. 
The fullest account of his life appeared in the Somerset Co. Hist. Quar- 
terly, Vol. I, pp. 161, 241. 


JUbenezer Femberton was probably born in Boston. He pronounced 
the Valedictory at Princeton College on Commencement day, 1765, on 
"Patriotism." He was appointed a tutor in the college in 1769. On 
one of the public occasions, while he was a tutor, he was addressed 
by Madison, then a student, in a Latin address, valedictory and com- 
plimentary, on the part of the class, to the teacher. His life was 
devoted to teaching, and at one time in Phillips' Academy. In 1766 he 
became associated with Tappin Reeve in the management of the gram- 
mar school at Elizabethtown. He was admitted to an ad eundem 
Master's degree at Harvard in 1787, at Yale in 1781, and at Dartmouth 
in 1782. In 1817 he received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws 
from Allegheny College. He died June 25, 1835. 


For a sketch of Charles Pettit, see N. J. Archives, X., 133. To that 
it may be added that Mr. Pettit was one of the owners of Batsto fur- 
nace in 1781. He resigned from the Continental Array June 20, 1781. 
He d. Sept. 4, 1806. His eldest dau. m. Jared Ingersoli, in 1781; he was 
a famous lawyer, b. in New Haven, 1750, d. Oct. 31, 1822. 


In a petition to the Legislature, dated April 20, 1771, Ephraim Phillips 
states that he has been Goal-keeper for thirteen years past, and asks 
for an increase in his dally allowance of sixpence per day for provisions 
furnished crimlnalj, Scc—N. J. Hist. 8oc. Proceedings, 2d Series, XIII., 74. 


William Pidgeon was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 1750. He 
resided in Trenton, on King (now Warren) street, near the pres- 
ent State street, and was a man of some substance. He advertised 
land for sale at Trenton in 1758 and 1760. as acting executor of Daniel 



Coxe, and also advertised land from 1751 to 1761. Gov. Franklin ap- 
pointed him, March 31, 1774, a justice of the peace In the counties of 
Burlington and Monmouth. In 1756 he was one of the managrers of 
the Trenton lottery for finishing and completing the church in that 
place. He died at Stafford, Monmouth county, January 5, 1780, from 
burns in getting out of his house when it was on fire. He left £50 to 
the Methodist Society of Trenton, for the repair of their meeting house, 
and £3,000 to his executors, to be used for charitable purposes. 


The earliest mention that has been found of Robert Friend Price in 
the public records of New Jersey is in a deed dated July 14, 1755, where - 
by Hannah Roe and Abraham Roe. executors of the estate of Henry 
Roe, late of the township and county of Gloucester, convey to Edward 
HoUingshead, of Greenwich township, and Robert Friend Price, of New- 
ton township, Gloucester county, yeomen, for £500, a tract of 300 acres 
in New Whippany, Morris county.— /46cr O of Deeds, Secretary of State's 
office, f. 441. This deed appears to have been in trust, to enable the 
grantees as trustees to pay the debts of Henry Roe, deceased, and Abra- 
ham Roe.— 2^. J. Archives, XX., 193. In 1758, Robert Friend Price, Esq.. 
at Haddonfield, was to receive subscriptions for the laws of New Jersey, 
which appeared in 1761, as the second volume of Nevill's Laws.— 76., 
295. By an act of the Legislature, passed March 25, 1760, Price was 
appointed one of the commissioners to see that the soldiers disabled 
in the vsar with Canada were properly provided tov.—yevilVs Laws, II., 
264. He was appointed a justice of the peace for Gloucester county In 
1761.— iV. J. Archives, XVII., 274. He was Sheriff of that county in 1757. 
and 1764-65, and advertised many sales of land in that capacity.— 76., 
XX., 145; XXrV., 383. 471, 515, 530. 531; Lib. B of Deeds, in Secretary of 
State's office, f. 307. The Governor commissioned him a judge of the 
Gloucester court of oyer and terminer, April 31 (sic), 1768. and again 
April 20. 1769; September 21, 1770; April 2, 1771; April 6, 1772, and 
May 16, 1774; also justice of the peace. December 7. llQd,— Books of 
Commissions, Secretary of State's office, Trenton, sub nom. In 1761 he was 
elected one of the two Assemblymen from Gloucester, and was re- 
elected in 1769, serving as a member of the Legislature for fourteen 
consecutive years, and until the end of the Royal government. On 
Feb. 8, 1774, he was appointed by the Assembly on a Standing Commit- 
tee of Correspondence and Inquiry, to keep New Jersey in touch with 
the other Colonies in the great movement which culminated in the 
Revolution. In 1774 he was appointed by Gloucester county a member 
of the Committee— representing the several counties— which on July 
23, 1774, nominated the Deputies to represent New Jersey in the Con- 
tinental Congress, chosen to meet on September 5. 1774, at Philadelphia. 
—Minutes Promncial Congress, 31. He does not appear to have sat in the 
Assembly in 1775. and on November 17 of that year the sergeant-at- 
arms was ordered to give notice forthwith to him and five other mem- 
bers that their absence retarded the business of that body.— 76.. 282. 
He still failed to appear, however. That he retained the public confi- 
dence nevertheless, is shown by his reappointment, by the Legislature, 
on May 18, 1775, and again on May 21. 1778. to the office of judge of the 
Gloucester county court of oyer and terminer, and as judge of the court 
of common pleas, and justice of the peace. May 28. 1779. In January. 
1776 he was living at Gloucester town, where, he advertised, he would 
settle the accounts of Blanch Roberdes. late of Philadelphia, shop- 
keeper, deceased.— 2 N. J. Archives I.. 28. Mr. Price married, 1st, Mary 
Thome, of Gloucester county, marriage license dated March 7. 1761; 



he m. 2d, Lizzie, dau. of John Collins, of Haddonfleld (who d. 1761), and 
wid. of Samuel Hugrg (whom she had m. In 1752), marriage license dated 
August 6, 1766; she survived him, and m. 3d, Daniel Smith. Mr. 
Price's acquaintance with his second wife was of some years' standing, 
as In 1757 he had gone on the marriage bond of Dr. James Mulock. who 
was about to marry • Priscilla Collins, sister of Elizabeth, or Lizzie.— 
Clement's First Settlers of Newton Township, 81, 187, 397; N. J. Archives, 
XXII., 305. The will of Robert Friend Price, of Deptford township 
Gloucester county, bears date July 31, 1782, he being then "sick and 
weak," and was proved Oct. 29. 1782. In it he mentions wife Liza, and 
children Margery, son-in-law Samuel Mickle. Blanche, Hannah, Polly 
and Robert Friend Price; also brother, Thomas Price. Executors — 
friends John Est. Hopkins and James Wilkins. Witnesses — William 
Harrison, Danl. Wills, Jeremiah Paul.— Zyi&fr 23 of Wills, in Secretary 
of State's office, f. S06. Hannah Price (prob. his dau.) m. John Baker, 
of Burlington county, by marriage license dated Feb. 10, 1779. His son. 
Robert Friend Price, 2d, m. Mary Brian, mar. lie. dated Jan. 14. 1784. 
Thomas Price, prob. his brother, of Hanover, Burlington county, m 
Edith Hart, of the same county, mar. He. dated March 4, 1747. 


The progenitor of this family in America was David Provocst, who 
came from Holland to New Amsterdam before April 28. 1639. In that 
year he was granted a lot of land in Pearl street, near Fulton, where lie 
resided for some time. In April, 1642, he was placed in charge of Fort 
Good Hope, at Hartford, Conn., to resist the aggressions of the English, 
where he remained until June, 1647, when he returned to New Amster- 
dam, and taught school for a time. He died in January, 1656. His wife 
was Grietje Gillis, daughter of Gillis Jansen Verbrugge and Barbara 
Schut. She was still living July 29, 1701. They had nine children, the 
second, David, born in Connecticut, and baptized Sept. 31 (sic), 1645. 
In partnership with Johannis Van Inburgh, of Hackensack, surgeon, 
David Provoost, of New York City, bought of Peter Johnson, of Hack- 
ensack, by deed dated April 7, 1698, half of a tract of 500 acres of land 
on Hochas brook, where it joins Saddle River— being at or near Para- 
mus or Hohokus, Bergen county. This property appears to have re- 
mained in the family many years. David Provoost married July 29, 
1668, Tryntje Laurens, from Amsterdam. They had eleven children, 
among them: 

William Provoost, baptized Oct. 8, 1679; married Nov. 20, 1700, Aefje 
Van Exveen, baptized Dec. 19, 1683, daughter of Gerrit Corneliszen Van 
Echtsveen and Wyntje Stoutenburg. William Provoost was As- 
sistant Alderman from the North Ward of New York City, 1708-9, 
1709-10. He was already identified with New Jersey, probably occu- 
pying the paternal acres near Paramus or Hohokus. He was a wit- 
ness at the baptism of children of Paramus families in the Hacken- 
sack Reformed Dutch Church in 1705, 1710 and 1714. In 1722 he was 
elected a member of the Assembly from Bergen County. He appears 
to have been prominent in that body until 1725, serving frequently on 
Committees to wait on the Council. In 1725 he is referred to as "Col." 
Provoost. In the mean time he was recommended by Gov. Burnet, 
June 17, 1722, as "an eminent merchant" of New York city, for a seat 
in the Provincial Council of New York, and was appointed by the 
King, in July, 1723, serving until August, 1732. By deed dated Dec. 3, 
1725, Jurya Westervelt, of Bergen county, and wife Cornelia, conveyed 
to William Provoost, of New York City, merchant, a tract of four and 
a quarter acres on the west side of the Hackensack river, in the pre- 



cinct of New Barbadoes, between John Wright, Qerrit Van Dien and 
the highway, for £68, New Jersey money. Here he took up his abode, 
and in 1726 his family were living there. He joined the Hackensack 
Dutch Church on confess-ion of faith, July 13, 1727, bemg styled "Col. 
W. ProvooSt." His wife was probably dead before this. In 1728 he was 
appointed one of the N. Y. Commissioners to try pirates. It would 
seem that he took up his residence permanently at Hackensack about 
that time or shortly after. On May 6, 1734, he was sworn in as a mem- 
ber of the Provincial Council of New Jersey, In which he continued 
until 1740. On Dec, 1, 1739, he was appointed one of the Common Pleas 
Judges of Bergen County, and Colonel of the Bergen County militia, 
Dec. 4, 1739. For some reason PrOvoost attended no meetings of the 
Council after the last mentioned date. That body met on Dec. 29, 1739, 
and began a new session on March 26, 1740, at Perth Amboy. They 
sent a letter to Provoost, *'in a pressing manner requiring his Attend- 
ance and afterwards they sent for him by the Serjeant at Arms at- 
tending the Council, which Serjeant at Arms reported that Mr. Pro- 
voost had promised him to Set out from his House in order to attend 
ye Council on Monday the Nineteenth day of May last [1740], since 
which they have not heard anything from the said William Provoost." 
Thus they reported to the Governor on June 9, 1740, and gave It as their 
advice that the delinquent Councillor should be suspended, which was 
done July 7, 1740. Gov. Lewis Morris wrote to the Lords of Trade that 
it was not from any prejudice to him that Provoost did not attend, 
nor was it to gratify any resentment of his that the Councillor was 
suspended, he being indeed a good friend of the Governor. The will of 
William Provoost, of New Barbadoes, Bergen county, dated April 22, 
1745, was proved August 26, 1746. He left issue: 

i. Wyntje, baptized April 27, 1701; d. s. p. 
2, ii. David, baptized Nov. S, 1702. 

iii. Catharine, baptized Oct. 8, 1704; married Gerard Beekman, 
"merchant of the City of New York." 

iv. Maria, baptized July 21, 1706; married May 22, 1726, Rev. 
Reinhart Erichzon, minister of the Reformed Dutch 
Churches of Hackensack, Schraalenburgh and Paramus. 
1725-1728; Schenectady, N. Y., 1728-1736, and later of Free- 
hold and Middletown, N. J. Issue: 1. Anna, baptized 
at Schenectady, July 13, 1729; 2. William, baptized 1737; 
3. David, b. 1740. 

V. Cornelia, baptized Oct. 20, 1711; she joined the Hackensack 
Church June 17, 1729, upon confession of faith. She mar- 
ried Perregrin Van Imburgh (who joined the church 
the same day she did), probably after Nov. 18, 1733, when 
she was a witness at the baptism of Maria Pettet. Issue: 
1. Befjin, baptized January 39, 1737; 2. Catrina, bap- 
tized Nov. 5, 1738. She is not mentioned in her father's 
will, and probably died before it was made. 

vl. Wyntje, baptized May 13, 1722; died young. 
vli. Anneke, baptized March 11, 1724; joined the Hackensack 
church Feb. 7, 1743, upon confession of faith. She was 
living at Hackensack in 1746, with her brother David. 

2. David Provoost, frequently called David W. or David William I*ro 
voost, baptized Nov. 8, 1702. He joined the Hackensack church, Dec 
8, 1726, on confession of faith. He married 1st, Feb. 8, 1729, Anneke, 
daughter of Evert and Catharine (Provoost) Vandewater. They 
joined the Hackensack church Feb. 19, 1733, on certificate from the 
New York church. He married 2d, Oct 14. 1741, Geertruyt Reinder, 

177 xii 


(Rynders), widow of Nicholas Gouverneur and daughter of Barent 
Reinders and Hester, daughter of Jacob and Elsje (Tymens) Lester. 
She joined the Hackensack church, Nov. 26, 1741, by letter from the 
New York church. He advertises land for sale at Hackensack and in 
New York, in 1746 and 1750, being himself then of Hackensack.— 3r. J. 
Archivca, XII., 287, 620. He was probably a merchant, near the Hack- 
ensack church, living on the tract bought by his father in 1725. He 
was appointed one of the Justices of the Quorum of Bergen county, 
Dec. 1, 1739. By proclamation of April 18, 1740, Gov. Lewis Morris 
urged the enlistment of patriotic Jerseymen to join in an expedition 
in behalf of His British Majesty against the Spanish West Indies, and 
appointed David Provoost, of Bergen county, as one of the persons to 
enlist volunteers for this service. He died at Hackensack early in 
1765. leaving a will dated Feb. 21, 1760, proved March 15, 1765. He de- 
scribes himself as of New Barbadoes, Bergen county. He names wife 
Geertruyd, and children— William, David Rynders, Catharine and 
Affle, all under* age, who with his wife are his heirs and executors 
of "all my estate whatsoever." Witnesses— Abraham Westervelt, 
Nicasie Kip and Sarah Gutridge. Issue: 

By his first wife: 
i. Wilhelmus, bap. March 4. 1730; d. in inf. 

ii. Willem, bap. Nov. 10. 1731; m. May 31, 1758, Elisabet- Van 
Wyck. He and his wife were living in the bounds of the 
Hackensack church in 1777. 
ill. David, bap. Nov. 18, 1733; d. in inf. 
iv. Catharina, bap. July 20, 1735. In the Jurat to her father's 

will, March 15, 1765, she is named Catharine Leydack. • 
V. Samuel, bap. July 9, 1738; m. Henne Eerl (Earle). He was 
perhaps the Samuel Provoost who in August, 1765, took 
the benefit of the insolvency act. Children: 1. David, 
bap. Dec. 7, 1760; 2. Wellem, bap. Sept. 31, 1764; 3. Wil- 
lem, bap. Oct. 19, 1766. 
vi. Effie. She was received into the Schraalenburgh church or 
confession of her faith, April 5, 1759; she was still living 
and unm. in 1765. Efye Provoost (prob. the same) and 
Abraham I-iefferts had a child, Jenneke, b. Aug. 15, 1771, 
bap. in this church. 

By his second wife: 
vii. David Rynders. bap. between July 7 and Aug. 11, 1745. 


Nathaniel Ramsay, a brother of David Ramsay, the Historian, after 
graduating, studied law and became eminent in his profession. When 
the war of the Revolution began, he joined the Maryland Line as a 
Major, and soon rose to the rank of Colonel. At the battle of Mon- 
mouth he particularly distinguished himself. From 1785 to 1787 Col- 
onel Ramsay represented Maryland in the Continental Congress. He 
resumed and continued his practice of law in Baltimore until his 
death, which occurred October 24, 1817. 


Garret Rapalye. son of George Rapalye and Dinah (dau. of Gerrit) 
Middagh, was born in Brooklyn, May 31, 1730. He seems to have 
entered mercantile life in New York at an early age, for he was 
admitted as a freeman of that city, July 17, 1753, being recorded as a 



merchant l)y occupation. He engaged in the importation of iron- 
mongery and drygoods, his store being opposite the Fly Market, at 
the foot of Maiden Lane. In 1757 he offered for sale a new house on 
the Jamaica road, on Long Island, about a mile from Brooklyn ferry, 
with forty acres of land. His family owned the Wallabout. When 
James De Peyster, ti'easurer of the Province of New York, became 
financially involved, in 1768, Rapalye presented an account of moneys 
advanced him, and petitioned the Assembly for an amendment, for his 
benefit, to the bill pending in that body for vesting the late treasurer's 
estate in trustees for the payment of the public debt. In partnership 
with William Faulkner he opened a brew-house in 1768 at the Brooklyn 
ferry. Garret Rapalye and others received from the Province of New 
York, Aug. 16, 1774, a grant of 24,000 acres of land on the east side of 
Lake Champlain, subsequently located in Vermont. When the Cham- 
ber of Commerce of New York in 1772 resolved that its members would 
not receive New Jersey currency in payment of m.erchandi8e. Garret 
Rapalye was one of a large number of merchants of the town who 
advertised Uiat they would continue to receive the currency of their 
neighbor Province as formerly. On June 3, 1775, John Rapalye and 
Garret Rapalye petitioned for a grant of 30,000 acres of land formerly 
granted to them and their associates, between the Susquehanna and 
Delaware rivers.— .KiJter'tf Annals of Netctotcn, 270; N. Y. Hist. 8oc. Coll., 
1885, p. 178; Colonial Records N, T. Chamber of Commerce, Part II., 158; 
A. r. Uisi. M88., 11.. 771, 778, 789; Stiles's Hist. Brooklyn, II-, S18; Cal- 

encUir Land Papers, N. T., 625, 984; N. J. Archives, 28: . His business 

as an importer of iron ware naturally turned his attention toward the 
iron industrj' in America. On June*5, 1764, Benjamin and Thomas Coe 
deeded to Garret Rapalye "all one half of a certain forge with one 
fire, and one equal undivided half part of five acres of land which was 
surveyed for the use of s'd forge, with half of the stream of water 
(only excepting what the saw mill now standing upon the same prem- 
ises draws), standing, lying and being upon the Musconetcong river in 
the Province of New Jersey aforesaid, near the uppermost falls below 
the" mouth of the Great Pond" (Lake Hopatcong). January 1, 1768, 
Rapalye leased to Joseph and John Tuttle, who were brothers, and 
then living In Hanover, his iron works for five years at £300 a year, 
reserving the right to build a furnace on one end of the dam. The 
Tut ties were to deliver all the iron they made to Rapalye in New York 
for £28 per ton for refined Iron, and £24 per ton for Whippany or 
bloomed iron, but the prices to vary with changes in the market. 
This lease was so onerous that it caused the failure of the Tuttles. 
In The New Jersey Gazette, 1778, is noticed the sale of a large tract of 
land "at the head of the Musconetcong River, about 35 miles from 
Elizabethtown and 4 from Succasunny Plains, containing about 3,000 
acres, having on it a large forge with four fires and two hammers 
. which Jft now under lease for eight and a half tons of bar iron 
per annum. Rapalye mortgaged this forgo to a London merchant, 
and on foreclosure of this mortgage it was sold in 1809 by the Sheriff 
to Thomas Cadwallader, a lawyer of Philadelphia. September 25, 1811, 
Cadwallader sold it to James and John R. Hinchman, for $1,000."— 
Hist. Morris County, 46-47. The forge established by Rapalye at the 
outlet of Lake Hopatcong had four fires for the making of bar-iron, 
and was called— after his native place— the "Brooklyn (or Brookland) 
Forge," and gave its name to the Great Pond, which was long known 
as "Brooklyn Pond." Here he took up his residence about the begin - 



nlng of the Revolution, or perhaps before. In June, 1776, he advertises 
for sale five plantations at Squire's Point (doubtless at Brooklyn, as 
above), in Sussex County, containins: 1,800 acres of land, with a very 
pood grist-mill. He was then living: on the premises. He also offered 
9,000 acres of land about 60 miles back of Esopus, In the Delaware 
valley. "Also, a Shop to be Let, opposite the Fly-Market," probably 
the place where he nad formerly carried on his importlngr businesb. 
Not having sold his mill he advertised In August, 1776, for a good 
miller and a good fuller. On May 20, 1777, he advertised another 
"Valuable Plantation & Iron Works situate in Morris & Sussex 
County," describing it as "containing 2000 acres of good land» on 
which is erected a good grist mill, saw -mill, and a large forge with 
four flres, two hammers, one large stone coal-house, one large 
dwelling-house, and five small blacksmith's 3hops, all in good order, 
where 300 tons of bar iron can be made a year, as it never wants 
water. "~JV. J. ArQhives, 2d Series, 1: 133. 161, 380. By an unfortunate 
coincidence, the very day this advertisement appeared, in The Penn- 
sylvania Packet, he and his son George were haled before the New Jer- 
sey Council of Safety, and "had the oaths of Abjuration and Allegiance 
tendered to them, which they declined taking and desired until the 
following morning to consider them, which was granted." The next 
day Garret Rapalye appeared and entered into recognizance with 
Jacob Drake as his surety in the sum of £300 for his appearance 
at the next session of the Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace for 
Sussex County. George Rapalje's case was taken up the sanie day, 
and the Council finding by his owi; confession that he had some time 
in January previously, 'voluntarily gone over to the Enemy at New 
Brunswick, where he had taken an Oath of Allegiance to the King of 
Great Britain, whence he went to Staten Island, New York and Long 
Island, and has continued with the Enemy ever since, till within a 
few days & is now come back into this State, without Flag or Pass- 
port, of any kind whatever; The Board after mature Deliberation, 
Ordered, That a Warrant of Commitment directed to the Sheriff of the 
County of Gloucester, do issue against the s'd George Rapalje for ad- 
visedly & wittingly by Speech, Writing, Open Deed and Act. maintain- 
ing and defending the Authority, Jurisdiction & Power of the King of 
Great Britain as heretofore claimed within this State." — Minutes Council 
of Safety, sub ann. George must have been a truculent youngster to 
disturb the Council of Safety to this extent, considering that he was 
under 18 years of age at this time! Garret continued to reside, un- 
molested, at Squire's Point, for at least another year. Under date of 
March 4. 1778, he again advertises for sale the premises last above 
described (now expanded, however, to 3000 acres, instead of 2000). 
"which is now under lease for eight and a half tons of bar iron per 
annum." Also the other tract on Musconetcong river, known as 
Squire's Point, containing about 1800 acres, "having on it an old forge 
and a very good grist mill, a dwelling house and barn, all in good 
order." Also the tract of 9000 acres, fifty miles from Esopus; also 
another tract of 4000 acres, on Otter creek. He also advertises cattle, 
sheep, hogs and farming utensils. A glimpse of the style in which he 
lived is afforded us by the mention of "a phaeton and a pair of neat 
horses, chair and sulky, a fine English stallion and several breeding 
mares." The occasion of this proposed sale is frankly advertised: "I 
. intend to remove to West Florida, chief of my family being now 
there." He accordingly requests his debtors to settle up at once, and 



agrees to accept Continental money or credit, "with bonds and good 
security." — iV. J. Archives, 2d Series, 2: 91, 263. Riker says (AnnaU of 
Xetctoum, L. I.) Rapalye removed to New Orleans. Gairet Rapalye m. 
Helen Denys, of New Utrecht, by whom he had issue, all baptized in 
the Reformed Dutch Church, New York, on the dates mentioned: 1. 
Joris, bap. March 12, 1755; d. in inf.; 2. Gerrit, Feb. 22, 1757; 3. Joris, 
Aug. 19, 1759; 4. Anna, May 26, 1762; m. 1st, Jacob Wilkins; 2d, 
Charles Smith; 5. Johannes, May 20. 1764; 6. Denys, June 15, 1766; 7. 
Dina. Dec. 27, 1767; 8. Isaac, July 16, 1769; 9. Cornelia, Jan. 13, 1771. 
Dina is said to have been quite a favorite in Presidential circles in 
New York, in her early days, but later developed many eccentricities; 
in 1824 she m. John Fisher; after his death she m. 2d, in June, 1827, 
Lemuel Sawyer, member of Congress from North Carolina; she d. Jan. 
30, 1849, in her 82d year. She lived on the old Rapalye homestead, on 
Fulton street, opposite Hicks street, Brooklyn. 


George Reading, b. in Amwell, N. J., Feb. 26. 1725, was a son of 
John Reading (sometime President of the Council and acting Governor 
qt New Jersey) and Mary Ryerson, his wife, dau. of Joris (I. e., George) 
Ryereon, of Pacquanac, in the present Passaic county. He inherited 
from his father extensive tracts of land. He was a member of the 
Assembly, 1761-5, and was appointed Surrogate In 1774. Early in the 
Revolution he removed to Westmoreland county. Pa., where he was 
commissioned Sub-Lieutenant, with rank as Lieutenant- Colonel, and 
was recommissioned June 2, 1780. In this year he removed to what 
was afterwards Bourbon county, Ky., where he died, Aug. 12, 1792. 


Captain Thomas Reading was b. In Amwell township, Hunterdon 
county, Sept. 27, 1734, being a son of John Reading, some time Presi- 
dent of the Governor's Council, and acting Governor on two occasions. 
The Provincial Congress appointed him, Feb. 9, 1776, Captain of the 
sixth company, third New Jersey regiment, First Establishment, and 
he was In service with his command in northern New York and Canada 
until hia regiment was discharged, March 23, 1777. By act of the Legis- 
lature, June 22, 1778, he was appointed one of the agents of the State 
for procuring provisions for the use of the army, and other supplies for 
carrying on the war. He was commissioned a justice of the peace for 
Hunterdon county, Dec. 18, 1782; Sept. 14, 1788; Oct. 25, 1793; and 
Nov. 1, 1798; and was appointed judge of the common pleas for said 
county Nov. 26, 1794, and Oct. 30, 1799. Each of said appointments was 
for the term of five years. He was one of the founders of the Presby- 
terian church in Flemington, was a member of the board of trustees, 
and on July 6, 1797, was ordained an elder of the church, with power 
to "conduct divine worship and read a sermon when the pastor was 
absent." He occupied the homestead farm of four hundred acres, near 
Flemington Junction, devised by his father to his executors in trust 
for the use of Thomas and his wife for life, with remainder to his two 
sons, Joseph and Thomas, in fee simple. He probably engaged in the 
iron industry with his cousins, the Ryersons, and the vicissitudes of 
the Revolutionary war brought about his ruin. He m. Rebecca Ellis, 
dau. of Jonathan Ellis, of Waterford. Gloucester county; he d. Dec. 
14 1814, in Amwell township.— T»e Reading Family, by J. Granville 
Leach Philadelphia, 1898. pp. 52, 125; Btryker's Officers and Men of New 
Jersey' in the Revolution; First Century of Hunterdon County, by the Rev. 



George S. Mott. D. D.; HUt. Presbyterian Church of Flemington, by the 
Rev. George S. Mott. D. D.; Records of ComtniMiont, Hecretary of States 


Andrew Reed was a well-known merchant in Trenton during the 
Colonial period. He was the father of the distinguished General Joseph 
Reed, at on© time Adjutant-General of the Continental Army. He had 
lived many years In Philadelphia and was a Trustee of the Third 
Presbyterian church on Arch street in that city. In 1734 he was ap- 
pointed the. first Postmaster of Trenton, and in 1746 he was made one 
of the Burgesses and Treasurer of the Borough of Trenton under its 
new charter. From 1756 to 1759 he was Trustee of the Presbyterian 
church of Trenton. After residing In Trenton many years, he removed 
about 1759 to Amwell, Hunterdon county. New Jersey, where he owned 
extensive tracts of land, and died there December 16. 1769. 


George Keemer was living, In 1744. in the lower part of Bedminster 
township, Somerset county, south of Kline's Mills. He subscribed 
£20 in 1756 toward the erection of St. Paul's Lutheran church at 
Pluckamin, and it wae but natural that he should have been one of 
the managers of the lottery for the benefit of that church In 1758. 


A petition was presented to the Provincial Congress of New Jersey, 
June 21, 1776, ••from John Reynolds and George Riche, paper makers 
in Germantown, Pennsylvania, setting forth, that they design to carry 
on their trade in this Colony, and praying that this Congress would 
encourage the same." The petition was read, and ordered to have a 
second reading, which it received on July 4, when action was deferred 
for further consideration." — Minutes, 469, 490. The subject is not men- 
tioned again in the minutes. However, Reynolds, at ^east, located in 
l*renton, for the records of conveyances show that John Reynolds, 
paper maker, of Trenton, bought from Israel Morris, of the same 
place, gentleman, son and heir of William Morris, late of Trenton, 
Esq., deceased, by deed dated June 1, 1778, for £350, a lot situate on 
the east side of King street, Trenton, touching the late Thomas 
Smith's land, and land of Israel Morris, being part of a larger tract 
granted to William Morris by William Trent, April 16, 1745. On Sep- 
tember !^3, 1778, he bought from Israel Morris, for £1400, three lots In 
Trenton, as follows: 1st lot. Beginning at the southwest corner of 
Friends* Burying (iround, running thence north to William Tucker's 
land, thence along Tucker's land west to lot of the Presbyterian con- 
gregation, along that south to the street leading to the Quaker Meet- 
ing liouse, ihence along said street east to the beginning, containing 
one acre. 2d lot. Beginning at a corner of the street opposite to said 
Meeting house and running along the street leading thereto west to 
the Abraham estate, thence along nis line south to the Pres- 
byterian Burying Ground, thence along the same to Samuel Tuclier's 
garden lot east and then south to the road leading to Samuel Heniy's 
Mill, then along said road east to the back street and along said street 
north to the beginning, containing two acres. 3d lot. Beginning at 
the southwest corner of Joseph Higbee's land on Meeting-house lane 



or back street, thence along his line east to other land of Samuel 
Tucker, then along Tucker's line to a corner of another lot of said 
Tucker, then west by the same and Blihu Spencer and Samuel Henry 
to said Meeting house lane, then along the same north to the be- 
ginning, containing seventeen acres. He sold these three lots, his wiie 
Catharine joining in the deed. May 28, 1779, to Joseph Milnor, of 
Trenton, merchant, for £2325. No will of John Reynolds has been 
found on record in New Jersey. It is not unlikely that after he sold 
these lands in Trenton, he removed from the State. 

The records of the Adjutant General's office show that one John 
Reynolds was a private of the Hunterdon county militia, during the 
Revolutionary war, and ihat he received, in 1784, a certificate for the 
depreciation of his Continental pay, which amounted to £8:5. It la 
not at all likely that this was the paper-maker of Trenton. 


John Richman is said to have been a German (in which case the 
nume was doubtless Reic'hmann), who located in Pilesgrove township, 
and followed the milling business during his lifetime, acquiring a large 
property, which he left to his two sons, Isaac and Abraham, who 
added to the wealth derived from their father. Richman's mills, 
erected in 1833, were for many years a centre of industry in Pilesgrove. 
The family is still numerous and influential in the northern part of 
Salem county. 


Jonathan Richmond, of Nottingham Township, Burlington County, 
bought from Ilisha Lawrence, of Upper Freehold, Monmouth County, 
by deed dated October 1st, 1774, for the consideration of £250, a 
messuage and lot of land situate in Kingsbury (now in the southern 
part of Trenton, immediately south of tho Assunpink), Burlington 
County, "called Lott 3 in plan of the town: Beginning at a post at the 
east side of the Broad Street that leads from the Mills towards Cross- 
wicks and corner to Lott 2; thence along that Lott north fifty-six de- 
grees east one hundred and eighty-one and one-half feet to another 
post for a corner, being also a corner of Lott No. 2; thence south 
thirty-four degrees east sixty feet to a post, corner of Lott 4; then 
along said Lott south fifty-six degrees west one hundred and eighty- 
one and .ono-half feet to a post at the east side of the Broad Street 
and is also another corner to Lott 4; thence along the east side of 
said Street north thirty -four degrees west sixty feet to the beginning; 
J»eing one-quarter of an acre." Witnesses — Benjamin Yard, Thos. 
Yard. — A'. J. Deeds, Liber AM., p. 21. "Across the Queen Street bridge 
on the east side was the site of Mahlon Stacy's flour mill, built in 1680, 
of hewn logs. In i714 \Ym. Trent purchased the property and built a 
two story stone building, a mill. Geo. Bright had a bakery next to it 
and lived opposite. Next to this bakery was Jonathan Richmond's 
True American Inn, built in 1760, the headquarters of Gen. Wash- 
ington for the first two days of 1777, but which he was obliged to 
abandon on the afternoon of January 2d. This building was destroyed 
by fire in 1Si-i."— St rj/ker' 8 "Trenton 100 Yrar/i Ago," p. 20. Jonathan 
Richmond was a barrack master at Trenton during the Revolutionary 
War. in 1779; it is not known how long he held that office. On October 
27, 17S8, being "weak." Jonathan Richmond, of Nottingham Township, 
Burlington County, made his will, which was proved at Burlington, 
April 8, 178t>. He gave to his wife Emmy one-third of his estate, and 



to his niece Sally James, daughter of his sister Mary Watley, 20s; to 
his nephew, Samuel Wooley, son of his sister Catherine Wooley, the 
rest of his estate. Executor — nephew. Samuel Wooley. Witnesses — 
C. Higrbie, Abraham Woglaam and Rensellr Williams. 


DIrck Romeyn is said to have been descended from Claes or Klaese 
(Nicholas) Jansen Romeyn, who, according to family tradition, mi- 
grated from Amsterdam to Brazil, between 1650 and 1660, and came 
thence to New Netherland about 1653. It is more probable that It was 
his father, Jan Romeyn, who was the emigrant, and that Claes was 
but an infant, if he was here as early as 1653, for it was not until May 
2, 1680, that he m. Styntje Albertse Terhune. He bought a plantation. 
March 3, 1679, at Gravesend, L. I., where he resided several years. In 
1696 he bought a tract of 300 acres of land between the Hackensack and 
Saddle rivers, to which he added 600 acres in 1697. He was a cooper by 
trade. He lived near Hackensack about len years, removing thence 
to Shappekenike, or Greenwich, now in New York city, where he died. 
Kristyna Ter Heune, wid. of Klaes Jansen Romeyn. Minades Island 
(i. e., from Manhattan Island), was received into the Hackensack 
church by letter, May 18, 1732.— H^i«^ory of Paterson, by William Nelson, 
I., 210. In the work just quoted details are given of the children and 
grandchildren of Claes Jansen Romeyn, which indicate this line of 
descent for Dirck: Jan, son Claes Jansen, m. Lammetie Bongaert, 
May 20, 1699, and was the father of Klaes, bap. Feb. 25, 1700, m. 1st, 
Elizabeth Cutwater, May 20, 1726; she d. Sept. — , 1732, leaving one son, 
Thomas, b. March 9, 1729; he graduated at Princeton College in 1762, 
and became a noted preacher in the Reformed Dutch Church. Nich- 
olas Romeyn in April, 1733, "trod again in the honorable state of mat- 
rimony with Rachel Vreelandt," according to his Dutch family bible. 
(The Hackensack Dutch church records. In chronicling the baptisms 
of their children, in at least one instance, 1744, gives her name as 
Marretje.) They had Dirk, bap. at Hackensack Aug. 1, 1736, who 
d. in inf. On Jan. 12, 1744, was b. another son, who was bap. at Hack- 
ensack Jan. 29, 1744, Dirk. This was used by the Dutch in Northern 
New Jersey generally as the equivalent of Richard, but sometimes 
for Theodorick. The latter interpretation was assumed by the boy 
born in 1714. Upon graduating at Princeton in 1765 he received, besides 
his small parchment diploma, a certificate of his religious conduct and 
standing, .signed by President Finley, at Princeton, Sept. 28, 1765. After 
leaving College he studied theology, part of the time under the Rev. 
J. M. Goetschius, of Hackensack and Schraalenburgh, who preached 
his ordination sermon, in May, 1766, when he was called to the pastor- 
ate of the Dutch churches of Marbletown, Rochester and Wawarsing, 
Ulster county, N. Y. He became pastor of the churches of Hacken- 
sack and Schraalenburgh in May, 1776, just at the beginning of the 
Revolution. When the British pursued Washington through Hacken- 
sack in November, 1776, thej' plundered Dominie Romeyn's house and 
destroyed all his furniture, books and papers. He then removed his 
family to New Paltz, .and thence to his mother-in-law's at Marble- 
town, where they remained nearly two years. He made frequent but 
brief visits to his congregation, often at great personnl risk, he being 
obnoxious to the British and their tory sympathizers. He received 
many calls to other and better charges, but it was not until 1784 that 
he concluded to change, and accepted a call to Schenectady. Here he 
was largely instrumental in establishing an academy, which subse- 
quently developed into Union College. He received the degree of D. D. 



In 1789, from Queen's CoUeg^e, and In 1797 was appointed a Professor of 
Theology by the General Synod. He d. April 16, 1804. He m. June 11. 
1767, Elizabeth, dau. of Wessels and Catherine (Dubois) Brodhead; she 
d. July 27, 1815. One of their children was the Rev. John Brodhead 


John Kosbrough, born in 1714, came from Ireland in 1735, learned a 
trade, and married, but losmg his wife his thougrhts were turned to- 
wards the ministry, and as a preparation therefor he entered Princeton, 
and having: grraduated in 1761 he was licensed by the Presbytery of New 
Brunswick, August 18, 1762. He was ordained, and installed as pastor 
of Greenwich, Oxford and Mansfield churches, in Sussex and Warren 
counties, December 11, 1764. In 1769 he removed to the Forks of the 
Delaware, where he was pastor, until his death, of the Presbyterian 
church of Allen's Township, Penn. As Chaplain of the Northampton 
county militia he was at the battle of Trenton, and was cruelly mur- 
dered at Trenton by the Hessians, January 2, 1777. 


Robert Rutherford was of a family living in the North of Ireland. 
Having quarreled with an elder brother, the father took the latter's 
part, and chastised Robert, who thereupon ran away from home, and 
shortly after enlisted in Ligonler's troop of Black Horse, a famous 
regiment In the British regu\ar army. Subsequently he went to Eng- 
land, but he soon left that country and came to America, settling a» 
Trenton, where he opened a tavern, at the northwest comer of Broad 
and Front streets, which he called "The Ligonier or Black Horse," 
after his old regiment. He is first mentioned as of Trenton in March, 
1756. Having married, he became the father of four daughters — 
Margaret, Sarah, Nancy and Frances Mary — who were all grown up 
in 1770, or thereabout. In or about that year there one day drove 
up to the tavern, in a coach and four, Colonel Fortcscue, an English 
officer. He dined at the tavern, and after dinner had a conversa- 
tion in private with the youngest of the girls, Frances Mary. Less 
than two hours later she, notwithstanding her sisters' entreaties, quit 
the house In company with Colonel Fortescue. They went to Paris to- 
gether, where they lived several years, when he died, leaving her. it 
was supposed, a considerable sum of money. On his death she left 
Paris and went to England, where she married a well-to-do gentleman, 
named Shard. In 1799 she conceived a great desire to ascertain what 
had become o^ her father's family, and through her confidential solic- 
itor inquiries were made of the Rev. James F. Armstrong, a Presby- 
terian clergyman at Trenton. He advertised in the 'Sew Jersey State 
Gazette, of Trenton, July 9, 1799, asking for information as to what had 
become of Robert Rutherford and his three eldest daughters, named 
above, "who were, previous to the American Revolution, living at or 
in the neighborhood of Trenton, whether they are yet living . . . 
This Information is most earnestly entreated by a gentleman of re- 
spectability and fortune in England." The inquiries were fruitless. 
The family had removed from Trenton soon after the disgrace brought 
upon them by the youngest daughter, and were supposed to have died. 
It is understood, however, that some of them returned to Trenton early 
in the present century, and asserted certain rights in the old tavern 
property. Mr. Shard died in 1806, and in lSi9 his widow died, childless 
and intestate. Her property went to the Crown. In 1846 it was claimed 
by a distant relative of Mrs. Shard, and in 1856 the matter was still 
pending in the English Court of Chancery. 




Walter Rutherfurd. bom December 29th, 1728, was the sixth son 
of Sir John Rutherfurd. of Ed^erston, Roxburgshlre, Scotland, and 
Elizabeth Calrncross. his wife. Sir John was knlgrhted by Queen Anne 
In 1706. He had twenty-two children, and at one time elgrhteen of his 
sons and ^andsons were In the army, navy and ESast India service. 
Walter entered the army when but fifteen years old, and served on 
shlps-of-war ofC the coasts of America. Spain and Portugal until the 
spring of 1746. During the next eight years he served in the army as 
Ijleutenant of the Royal Scots. At the outbreak of the French and 
Indian War of 1756 he was ordered to America, holding the positions of 
Battalion Paymaster and Judge -Advocate of the army, with the rank 
of Captain (commissioned December 30th, 1755), and subsequently as 
Major of the Sixty-second or Roy^l American Regiment. After twenty 
years of active service, he resigned at the close of the successful cam- 
paign of 1760. In the meantime — December 21st. 1758 — he had married 
Mrs. Catherine Alexander Parker, widow of Ellsha Parker, of Perth 
Amboy, and daughter of Janres Alexander, one of the most eminent 
lawyers of the day. Her brother was William Alexander, known as 
Lord Stirling, who served under Washington during the Revolution as 
Major-General Stirling. After retiring from the army. Major Ruther- 
furd lived on Broadway, New York, and later built a handsome resi- 
dence on the corner of Broadway and Vesey street, opposite St. Paul's 
Church, where the AstorHouse now stands. He had ample means of 
his own. and his wife had a large estate in her own right. He and 
James Parker served on the commission which, in 1769, established the 
northern boundary of New Jersey. In 1775 he received for his military 
services a patent for five thousand acres of land in Try on (now Mont- 
gomery) county, N. Y. After twenty years of honorable service in the 
army of his King, which had just been so generously recogrnized, it 
was not easy for Major Rutherfurd to take an active part in the rev- 
olution against his sovereign. On the other hand, many of his nearest 
connections were outspoken in the American cause. Accordingly, he 
retired to his extensive summer estate In Hunterdon county, which 
he called Edgerston, after his father's place in Scotland. John Stevens, 
his brother-in-law, and James Parker also retired to the same neigh- 
borhood, where they hoped they might keep out of the turmoil of the 
struggle then waging in New Jersey. The capture of Judge John Fell 
and Wynant Van Zandt by Tories, and their subsequent imprisonment 
with barbarous severity, as reported, aroused the Indignation of Gov- 
ernor Livingston and the Council of Safety of New Jefsey, and they 
ordered the arrest of Walter Rutherfurd and James Parker, and their 
Imprisonment, as hostages for the proper treatment and safe dellverj' 
of Messrs. Fell and Van Zandt. The families of Livingston, Ruther 
furd and P^arker were on closest terms of friendship, and Mrs. Ruther- 
furd personally appealed to the Governor for leniency toward her hus- 
band. The Governor submitted her letter to the Council of Safety, 
September 22d, 1777, and it was thereupon agreed that Mr. Rutherfurd 
"be permitted to go home and remain there for ten days, at the ex- 
piration of which he must return to his present place of confinement 
in Morris town." The biogri'apher of the Rutherfurds erroneously says 
that the Governor was inflexible in resisting Mrs. Rutherfurd* s appeals 
for kind treatment for her husband. Whatever alienation was occa- 
sioned between the Livingston and Rutherfurd families at the time 
was healed in later years, when Peter Augustus Jay, grandson of the 
Governor, married Mary Rutherfurd Clarkson. granddaughter of Mr. 
Rutherfurd. Walter Rutherfurd lived after the war in his Broadway 



house. New York, where he died January 10th, 1804. His son, John 
Rutherfurd, born September 20th, 1760, resided near the present Ruth- 
erford, on the Erie railroad In Bergen county. New Jersey. He was 
United States Senator from New Jersey from 1792 to 1798, when he re- 
slsmed. He died In 1840. The latter's grrandson, John Rutherfurd. 
born In 1810, was one of the benefactors of the New Jersey Historical 
Society In Its early years; he was one of Its Vice-Presidents, 1865-1871. 
and President from January, 1871, until his death, November 21st, 1871. 
He was President of the East Jersey Board of Proprietors for many 


Marten Ryerson was baptized Oct. 9, 1698, son of Jorls (George) 
Ryerson and Anneken Schouten. They removed from the Walle 
Bocht (Wallabout), N. Y., about 1719, to Pacquanac, near the pres- 
ent Mountain View, Passaic County. Marten settled at Readlngton, 
Hunterdon county, where he was a surveyor— doubtless through the 
Influence of John Reading, one of the Deputy Surveyors of New Jer- 
sey, who visited Pacquanac in 1715, and five years later married a sis- 
ter of Marten Ryerson. The later died in 1790. 


This family of Sacketts descended from Simon Sackett, who, about 
1628-29, came from the Isle of Ely, Cambridgeshire, England, and settled 
at Cambridge, Mass., where *he died in 1635. His grandson, Joseph Sack- 
ett, born at Springfield, Mass., Feb. 23, 1656, was brought by his maternal 
grandfather, William Bloomifleld, to Newtown, L. I., in 1662, where he 
died in 1719. His grandson, Joseph Sackett, was a merchant in New 
York for Bome years, subsequently removing to Orange county, where 
he held a large tract of land. His son Joseph was born Feb. 16, 1733-4, 
became a physrtclan, and practiced In Newtown, L. I., before the Revolu- 
tion. According to N. J. Archives, XX., 578, it would seem that he was 
practicing in Somerset county in 1761. During the Revolution, it is 
said that he lived at Paramus, N. J. He died in New York, July 27, 
1799.— i2ifcer'8 Newtown, 344-7. 


The Sayre family, in the person of two brothers, Thomas and An- 
anias, sons of Jornas Sayre, settled about 1716 in Cumberland countj, 
at the place now or lately known as Maskell's Mill, where Thomas 
bouglit a large tract of land. Ananias was one of the contributors 
towards the erectlooi of the Presbyterian church at Greenwich, about 
1730. He marri^ Mary, daughte^r of Richard GWbbon. His children 
were: 1. Hannaih, m. Job Remington, of Greenwich; 2. Rachel, m. 
Job Tyler, of Greenwich; 3. Mary, m. David Mulford; 4. Sarah,' m. 
Richard Cole; 5. lieonard G., removed to Cincmnati, Ohio. Ananias 
Sayre wajs Sheriff of Cumberland county, 1748-1751, and 1754-1757. He 
was appointed a Jus-tice of fhe Peace for the same county in February, 
nSL—Shourds' 8 Fenwick's Colony, 227-232; Elmer's Cumberland County, 34; 
N. J. Archives, XII., 516i XVI., 267; XIX., 380. 


Joseph Scattergood was admitted to the New Jersey Bar at the May 
Term, 1748. In March, 1756, Rebecca Scattergood, executrix, and Hugh 



Hartshome, executor, livini? In the city of Burlington, advertised re- 
questing accounts to be presented and settled, "the executrix Intending 
shortly to leave the province." They offered for sale "sundry valuable 
law books," and some small tracts of land. — N. J. Archives, XX., 13. 


William Schenck was a native of AUentown, New Jersey. He was 
licensed by the Presbytery of New Brunswick in 1771 and ordained In 
1772. After preaching at various places In New York and New Jersey, 
he was finally settled, in 1780, at Pittsgrove and Cape May, where he 
remained until 1787, when he removed to Ballston, New York. Toward 
the close of 1793 he removed to Huntingdon, Long Island, and was in- 
stalled pastor of the Presbyterian Church, December 27th ot that year. 
In 1817 he left Huntingdon and removed to Franklin, Ohio, where he 
was pastor for several years, and died September 1, 1822. Mr. Schenck 
was the grandfather of the Hon. Robert C. Schenck, Minister to Great 


Isaac Sharp was a son of Isaac, son of Anthony Sharp, born about 
1630, of a family holding a large estate in Tlllbury, near Bristol, Eng- 
land. In the time of Cromwell he removed to Ireland, where he pur- 
chased a large country seat called Roundwood, in Queens county, and 
carried on an extensive mercantile business in Dublin. On the 22d of 
4th mo., 1681, he bought one- tenth of a one-hundredth share of West 
Jersey, and by several later purchases he acquired further Interests in 
West Jersey and East Jersey. Isaac Sharp, his grandson, came to 
America about 1730, and settled at Blesslngton, now Sharpstown, Salem 
county. He brought the frame of his house with him. He was ap- 
pointed a Judge of Salem county in 1739, and again in 1741 and 1767. 
He w^as a member of the Society of Friends. He established the 
"Sharpsborough Iron Works" about a mile south of Hamburgh, Sussex 
county, perhaps about 1765, which proved a losing venture. He was 
elected to the Assembly in 1769, dying in office about 1770. — Shourds'a 
History and Oenealogy of Fenwick's Colony, 244-6; N. J. Archives, XV., 97; 
IMd., XVII.. 455; XXVII., 72; First Sussex Centenary, 21; N. J. Hist. 
Soc. Proceedings, 1st Series, V., 32. 


John Shinn was among the early English settlers of Burlington, com- 
ing over abou't )678, or within a few years thereafter.— fifmitTi's N. J., 109. 
His name is appended to a Testimony of tTie Burlington Monthly Meet- 
ing, 7th of 12th mo. 1680 (March 7, 1681).— Friend* in Burlington, by Amelia 
Mott Gummere, 21. He appears to have been a man ' of considerable 
substance, and wias probably one of the colonists and proprietors of -the 
Yorkshire Tenth, in Burlington. John Shinn was among the signers to 
a petition to Lord Cornibury praying for the removal of his prohibition of 
Nov. 14, 1706, agains-t the granting of any warrants for laying out lands. 
—N. J. Archives, III., 165. He was a wheelwright by trade. The follow- 
ing conveyances indica'te his prominence and the extent of his pobses- 
sions In West Jersey: 

1687, May 25: John Shinn, senior, and 23 others, proprietors of several 
undivided shares of land in West Jersey, to Thomas Budd, for 15,000 
acres, to be bought from the Indians; grantee to pay the debts of the 
Province of West Jersey, according to Act of Greneral Assembly of 1687.— 



Liher B, tt. 150, 231. 1687, Dec. 14: John Shinn, sendor, of Springfield 
Lodge, Burlington Co;, wheelwright, to John Crosby of the same place, 
millwright, and wife Mary, daughter of said Shinn, for 150 acres, near 
Bearch Creek.— Lffter B, f. 168. 1686, Oct. 8: John Skene of Peach- 
field, West Jersey, gentleman, to John Shinn, senior, of near As- 
siscunk Creek, for 100 acres in the First or Yorkshire Tenth, lo 
John Skene of Peachfield, West Jersey, gentleman, to John Shinn, senior, 
of near Assicunk Creek, for 100 acres in the First or Yorkshire Tenth, to 
be surveyed.— Lifter B, f. 196. 1686, Oct. 10: Same to same, for a wharf, 
and a town lot in Burlington.— Lifter B, f. 197. 1688-9, Feb. 12: John Shinn 
and other Proprietors consent to the agreement, made by Dr. Daniel 
Coxe with East Jersey concerning the partition line.- I/ifter JB, f. 233. 
1686, Sept. 6: Eleazer Fen ton to John Shinn, senior, both of Birch Creek, 
yeomen, for his share (1-16) in the First Tenth.— Lifter B, f. 247. 1690-1, 
Feb. 2: John Shinn of Springfield, Burlington Co., wheelwright, to Will- 
iam Bustill, of said county, carpenter, for 50 acres at Oneanickon, for- 
merly laid out to Peter Harvey.— Lift^ B, f. 267. 1690-1, Jan. 11: John 
Shinn, senior, of Burlington County, carpenter, to Edward Bolton of 
said county, husbandman, for 100 acres near Mount Pisgah.— Liftr r B, f. 
— . 1695, June 11: John Shinn, of Springfield Lodge, wheelwright, to 
JoQin Crosby and wife Mary, daughter of grantor, for 150 acres on Birch 
Creek [apparently the same as above, p. 16S].— Lifter B, t. 443. 1693, April 
10: Same to his son-in-la^i, Thomas Atkinson, and wife Sarah, for 195 
acres in Burlington County.— Lifter B, f. 582. 1697, July 17: John Shinn, of 
Springfield, Burlington County, wheelwright, to his son, James Shinn, 
for 120 acres on Birch Creek.— Lifter B, f. 619. 1711, July 15: John Shinn, 
of Springfield Township, wheelwright, to John Shinn, junior, of the same 
place, for 1-15 of one of the 100 shares of West Jersey bought of William 
Einley of Nottingham, West Jersey, Sept. 18, 1680.— Lifter AAA, f. 368. 
The will of John Shinn, senior, of Springfield, names son (sic) Thomas 
Atkeson and wife Sarah, son-in-law Richard Fenimore and wife Mary, 
grandchild Mary Crosby, an idiot, sons John, James, son-in-law Joshua 
Owein and wife Martha, grandson ThomaB Shinn; wife mentioned, but 
not by name. Dated Jan. 11, 1711-12. Proved Feb. 20, 1711-12.— W. J. Wills, 
Liher 1, f. 337. 

Second Oeneration. 

John Shinn, senior, had issue, doubtless all born in England: 
2. i. JjDhn, m. Ellen Stacy, 1686. The following conveyances to and from 
him are recorded: 1685, May 13: Jolm Renshawe of Burlington, butcher, 
to John Shinn, Junior, of Birch Creek, West Jersey, husbandman, for 
200 acres, to be surveyed in the First Tenth as part of 1-16 of a share, 
bought by Renshawe of Jtfhn Haslehurst, Dec. 19-20, 1683.— Lifter BB, f. 87. 
1706-7, Jan. 6: John and Mary Crosby to John Shinn, junior, all of Spring- 
field Township, for the land, given them by John Shinn, senior.— Lifter 
BBB f. 215. 1716, May 17: Joseph Ambler, of Philadelphia, to John Shinn, 
of Springfield, for 100 acres adjoining Peter Harvey, et al.— /ft., f. 298. 
1718, Aug. 27: John Shinn, of Springfield, to John Ogborne, junior, of the 
same place, for 30 acres there.— /ft., f. 348. 1713-14, Jan. 11: Same to Abra- 
ham Bickely, of Philadelphia, for 100 acres in (Springfield Township.— /ft., 
f. 421. 1722, June 30: John SWnn, of Springfield, yeoman, to Thomas 
Budd, of Northhampton, for a meadow in Springfield.— Lifter BB, f. 379. 
1726, June 1: John Shinn, of Springfield, to Widow Sarah Dimsdale, of 
Hattonfield, Gloucester County, for 618 aci^es on a branch of Raritan 
River, in Hunterdon County.— Lifter D, f. 189. 1736, Oct. 21: John Shinn, 
of Springfield, to David Lues of Lebanon, Hunterdon County, for 210 
acres in Lebanon.— Lifter E, f. 203. 1736, Oct. 21: Same to his son, William 
Shinn, for 426 acres in Lebanon.— Lifter E, f. 205. John Shinn, junior, died 



between the date of the deed Just cited, and Dec. 12, 1739. 
3. ii. Thomas, m. Ist, Sarah Shawthome, in Burlingrton Monthly Meet- 
ing, 1688; 2d, in 1693, Mary Stockton, daughter of Richard Stockton, 
whose son, Richard, was the founder of that family in Ne>w Jersey. 
Thomas Shinn and the Stocktons lived in Springfield township, Burling- 
ton county. He died in December, 1694. The will of Thomas Shinn, of 
Springfield, Burlington county (not recorded), dated Nov. 4, 1694, leaves 
to son Thomas SO acres; to an unborn child another share of the planta- 
tion; "unto my now wife Mary Shinn" the other half of the plantation, 
to go to the two children, if she should nuirry again. Witnesses— John 
Shinn, senior, Isaac Horner, Matthew Champion. Executors— Francis 
Davenport and John Wilston. Proved Dec. 15, 1694. Widow Mary made 
administratrix same day. Inventory, taken same day, amounts to £273, 
9s., 6d. By deed dated Dec. 14, 1687, Benjamin Wheate, of Burlington 
county, shoemaker, conveys to T|iomas Shinn, of same county, 200 acres 
of the 500 bought of Benjamin Antrobus, July 23, 1683.— Liber B, f. 186. 
Dec. 28, 1697, Mary, widow of Thomas Shinn, of Burlington county, yeo- 
man, conveys to Richard Stockton, junior, her brother, and John Stiinn, 
Junior, her brother-in-law, feofCees in trust to and for her children, 
Thomas and Samuel Shinn, she intending to become tlie wife of Silas 
Crispin, of Pennsylvania, for the plantation in Burlington, bequeathed 
to her by the last will of her late husband, dated Nov. 4, 1694.— Liber B, 
f. 612. Crispin was of Dublin township, northeast of Pennepach creek, 
Penn.; he d. May 31, 1711.— Friend* in Burlington, 83, 84; Penn. Mag., XX., 

ill. Mary, m. John Crosby, 3686: 2d, Richard Fenimore. in IVll. 

iv. Grecrge. m. Mary Thomson, 1691. The will of George Shinn (not 
recorded), dated Jan. 27, 1694-5, makes his wife Mary sole heiress and 
executrix, mentioning children, but not by name. Proved March 2, 1694-5. 
As none of the children are mentioned in the will of their grandfather, 
John Shinn, Jan. 11, 1711-12, it is probable that they were then deceased, 
v. Martha, m. Joshua Owen, 1597. 

vi. James, m. Abigail Lippincott, 1697. 

vii. Sarah, m. Thomas Atkinson. 

Third Generation. 

2. John Shinn, Junior, had issue: 

1. William, who received by deed from his father, m 1736, a tiact of 
426 acres in Lebanon, as above mentioned. 

ii. Clement; he seems to have died without issue. William Shinn, 
his "brother and heir-at-law," conveyed to their father, John Shinn, all 
of Springfield, by deed dated Oct. 20, 1736, a tract of 300 acres in Hunter- 
don county.— Liber E, f. 202. This tract was probably given to Clement by 
his father. 

iii. Caleb. By deed dated Dec. 12, 1739, Caleb Shinn, of Springfield, 
son of John, conveyed to his brother Jacob 100 acres, inherited from their 
father.— Lifter EF, f. 147. 

3. Thomas Shinn, 1st, had children: 

i. Thomas, 2d; he m. Martha Earl, 1718. By deed dated Sept. 7, 1720. 
he bought from Jennet, the widow, and John, the son, of Alexander 
Steward (all the parties being of Springfield township, Burlington 
county), a plantation of 350 acres in that township, on the south side of 
Barker's creek, between John Ogborn and Jdhn Shinn (his brother).— 
W. J. Deeds, Liber DD, f. 79. In 1739 he was living on "the back street" 
in Bridge-Town (Mt. Holly).— A^. J. Archives, XI., 582. He was appointed 
one of the Justices of the Quorum and Assistant Judge of the Burlington 
convmon pleas, Aug. 19, 1732; Dec. 1, 1739, and again April 3, 1741; also 
Judge of that court, July 10, 1746, and on March 28, 1749.— /6., XV., 98, 197; 



XVI., 89; Liber AAA of Commissions, 211, 212, 262. He was ejected to the 
Assembly from Burlington county, in 1743, and again in 1744, being classed 
as "a professed Quaker" In that body, a reputation which he main- 
talned by voting against a militia act.— /d., VI., 202. At a meeting of the 
Justices and Freeholders of Burlington county. August 1, 1749, a resolu- 
tion was adopted ordering the payment of a bill of £10 16s.; there were 
present fourteen Freeholders and five Justices, Shinn being among the 
latter. Five Freeholders and all the Justices voted for the bill; Ave 
Freeholders voted in the negative, and two did not vote. Complaint was 
made to the Assembly in the following February, that the bill had been 
illegally ordered paid, on the ground that a majority vote of all the 
Freeholders was requisite. The Justices were summoned to appear and 
answer for their illegal conduct. Two of them promised not to do so 
again; two refused to make any promises. Shinn was too ill to appear. 
—lb., XVI., 222-239. His will, dated 10th of 8th mo., 1751, devises to his 
children property on Elbo Alley, Burlington, and "plantations, parcels 
of land, lots and houses not before mentioned." Kxecutors-HSon-in-law, 
Henry Paxson, and John Woolman. Witnesses—Benjamin Bispham, 
Jos ^ Humphries, John Clark. This will was proved March 10, 1753.— /6., 
XIX., 267; W. J. Wills, Liber 7. f. 318. 

ii. Samuel; probably died young, as he is not mentioned in the will 
of his grandfather, John Shinn, in 1712. 

Fourth Oeneration. 
Thomas Shinn, 2d, and Martha Earl had children: 
i. Susannah Atkinson, b. 3 mo. 10, 1721. 
ii. Martha, b. 1 mo. 22, 1722-3; nti. Henry Paxson. 
iii. Thomas 3d, b. 6 mo. 7, 1725; he was Sheriff of Burlington county 
in 1761. He was appointed guardian of the person and estate of John 
Hollinshead, Feb. 17, 1776.— W. /. Wills, Liber 16. f. 496. Tetters of ad- 
ministration were granted on his estate, on March 8. 1777, to Buddell 
IBiddle ?j Shinn.— /6., Liber 18, f. 141. 

iv. Mary, b. 10 mo. 22 or 23, 1727; m. 4 mo. 3, 1745, Thomas Allin 
son; he d. 1754, and she m. 2d. James Clothier. 
V. Elizabeth, b. 7 mo. 20, 1733; m. Earll. 
vi. Earl, b. 10 mo. 27, 1736: m. Rebecca Monrow. 
vii. Gamaliel, b. 5 mo. 10. 173S. 
viii. Aquila, b. 1 mo. 8, 1739-40. 
ix. Postremg, b. 1 mo. 6, 1744; m. John Ridgway, of Mount Holly; 
she d. 9 mo. 23, 1813 (the record says 1S31). Children: 1. Thomas, b. 

8 mo. 17, 1761; d. 9 mo. 14, 1761; 2. John, b. 12 mo. 20. 1762; d. 3 mo. 
4, 1809; 3. William, b. 11 mo. 6, 1765; 4. Aquilla. b. 10 mo. 16. 1707; d. 

9 mo. 1799; 5. Anna. b. 9 mo. 24, 1769: 6. De la plaiiie, b. 10 mo. 9, 
1772; 7. Mary, b. 11 mo. 24, 1774; 8. Martha, b, 8 mo. 5, 1777; 9. 
Thomas Shinn, b. 11 mo. 4. 1779; m. Mary, dau. of Captain Daniel Joy; 
d. 4 mo. 1, 1857; 10. Elizabeth, b. 7 mo. 21, 1782; 11. Edmund, b. 2 mo. 
13, 1785; d. 9 mo. 15, 1805 (the Meeting records give the name an Ed- 


Peter Simmons was b. May 29, 1728, and is understood to have been 
a native of England. About the middle of the eighteenth century he 
settled at Flushing, Long Island, opposite to Kip's Bay, and there he 
married Rachel Kip (b. Jan. 12, 1737-8), July 30, 1756; she died Sept. 
17, 18)4, aged 67 years, 8 months and five days; one of her sisters. 
S&lly. married Abraham Cadmus, and lived at Belleville; another, 
Leah, married Richard Leaycraft. Peter Simmons was a seafaring 
man, captain of the ship Henri IV. Being away most of the time 




he established his wife with her uncle, Stephen Bassett, who had a 
tannery on a small run of spring water flowing into the Passaic river, 
a short distance above the site of the present Dundee dam. Bassett 
was of French Huguenot descent; he formerly had a tannery and a 
tap-room in New York. On his farm, at Wesel, were born the chil- 
dren of Peter Simmons. In a storm in the English channel, Peter 
was "TV ashed overboard and drowned, July 5, 1787. He left fourteen 
children, one of whom, Peter, .Ir., married Margaret Westervelt: he 
was the father of Henry P. Simmons, born July 8, 1815, who was a 
very prominent character of Passaic for many years, and d. 1896. — 
Hisotry of Paterson, by William Nelson, p. 177. 


John Simpson, a native of New Jersey, was licensed by the Presby- 
>tery of New Brunswick, in 1770, and for the two following years he 
preached at Easton, Pa. In 1772 he was appointed by the Synod of 
New York and Philadelphia to visit Virginia and North Carolina. He 
spent seven months in this missionary work, and in 1774 was ordained 
and settled as pastor of Fishing Creek Church, South Carolina. He 
was a bold and ardent advocate of Independence, and was in many 
conflicts and skirmishes, in some of which he was regarded as the 
leader and adviser. He had many narrow escapes, and in the course 
of the war his house, his library, his sermons, and indeed all that he 
possessed, were destroyed by the enemy. After the war he gathered 
his scattered flock, and for ten years prached to them. In 1790 Mr. 
Simpson became pastor of Roberts and Good Hope Congregations, in 
Pendleton County, South Carolina, where he continued his labors until 
his death, February 15, 1808. 


M. at Elizabethtown, March — , 1769, Col. Templer, of the 26th Regt., 
to Lady Sinclair, Relict of Sir John Sinclair, Bart.— 2V^. J. Archives, 
XXVI., 401. 


Isaac Skillman was a native of New Jersey, and* was probably a 
near relative of Thomas Skillman, senior, of Somerset county, whose 
son Thomas died in 1796. Isaac was born in 1740, and studied in the 
Rev. Isaac Eaton's school at Hopewell, the first Baptist school in 
America for the education of young men for the ministry. Having 
graduated at Princeton in 1766 he pursued his theological studies for 
some time, and in 1773 was chosen pastor of the Second Baptist Church 
in Boston, succeeding the Rev. John Davis. Here he remained until 
1787, when he returned to New Jersey. In that year the Salem Bap- 
tists erected a new church edifice, and it is probable that Mr. Skillman 
preached for that congregation from that time, but he was not for- 
mally installed as pastor until Set)tember 18, 1790, succeeding the Rev. 
Peter P. Vanhorn. He continued in that charge until his death, June 7, 
1799. Rhode Island College conferred upon him the degree of A. M. in 
1774, and of D. D. in 1798. He died intestate, and administration on 
his estate was granted, September 18, 1799, to Abraham and Cornelias 
Skillman.— /S'prc^Me'« AnnaU of the American Pulpit {Baptist), 453; Bene- 
dict's Hist, of the Baptists in America, ed. 1848, p. 587; Johnson's Hist* of 
Salrm, p. 88; West Jersey Wills, Liber No. 35, p. 526; IMd., Liber No. 38. 
p. 412; Edward's Hist. N. J. Baptists, 82. 




John Skinner, fourth son of the Rev. "William Skinner, of Perth 
Amboy, was a Lieutenant in the Company of his older brother. Captain 
William Skinner, in Col. Peter Schuyler's New Jersey Re^ment, in the 
French and Indian war of 1755 and 1756, and was taken prisoner at 
Oswego in the latter year. He served in Lord Loudon's Regiment in 
a secret expedition in the Mediterranean, and in the latter part of 1757 
received a commission as Bnsign in that Regiment. In 1759 he was a 
Lieutenant in the Regiment of Colonel Grey, and on June 10, 1768, was 
commissioned Captain. He was afterwards Major of the 70th Regi- 
ment, which during the Revolution was stationed in England. Later 
he sold his commission and returned to America, and engaged in mer- 
cantile business at Perth Amboy, where he died In December, 1797. — 
Whitehead's Perth Amboy, 119. 


John Smith was the second son of Richard Smith, of Green Hill, Bur- 
lington, and was a brother of Samuel Smith, the historian, and of Will- 
iam Lovett Smith and Richard Smith. He was born "Ist mo. 20th, 
1722"— March 20, 1722. In 1741 he sailed in one of his father's ships to 
the West Indies, returning the next year, and in 1743 engaged in the 
West India trade, in Philadelphia, where he resided for the next twelvo 
or fifteen years, carrying on a flourishing business, and enjoying the 
company of a delightful society. He occupied a handsome house on 
Second street, and in 1746 bought a fine country estate at Point-no- 
Point, on the Delaware, above the town. At these houses he entertained 
handsomely a wide circle of friends and acquaintances, including the 
leading men and women of his day. He and some of his young Quaker 
friends organized a sort of club, devoted to social converse and mutual 
improvement; and the cares of business, and even the occasional loss 
of a ship, captured by Spanish cruisers, did not interrupt his quiet 
pleasures, nor divert his attention from the best authors of the day 
Fielding's "Joseph Andrews" and Thomas Story's "Journal" being read 
with apparently equal interest as they came from over the water. In 
1747 he wrote for gratuitous distribution a pamphlet, "The doctrines of 
Christianity, as held by the people called Quakers, vindicated, in answer 
to G. Tennent's Sermon on the Lawfulness of War." Withal, he found 
time to promote the organization of the Philadelphia Contrlbutionship, 
one of the first fire insurance companies in the country, and helped 
found the Pennsylvania Hospital (1751). He was also prominent in 
Friends' councils, being chosen a representative to the Quarterly and 
Yearly Meeting, and held some minor offices not inconsistent with his 
piofessions. In 1750, and again in 1751, he was elected a member of 
the Pennsylvania Assembly. Meantime (1746-7) he had become smit- 
ten with the charms of a fair young PYiend, Hannah, daughter of ex- 
Chief Justice James Logan and Sarah Read (daughter of the Hon. 
Charles Kerd, of Pennsylvania). She was thus described. In 1744, by 
an impressionable young gentleman from Virginia: "She was tall and 
slender, but Exactly well Shap'd; her Eyes Express'd a very great 
Softness, denoting a Compos'd Temper and Serenity of Mind, Her Man- 
ner was Grave and Reserv'd, and, to be Short, She had a son of Maj- 
esty in her person, and Agreeableness in her Behaviour, which at once 
Suprized and Charmed the Beholder." After this glowing description 
of the fair Hannah's charms, Mr. Smith's predilection is not to be 
wondered at. She was a delicate creature, and having accepted his 
invitation to accompany him and his sister to Evesham Meeting, he 

193 xiii 


with a lover's solicitude for her comfort borrowed Governor Belcher's 
tour-wheeled chaise, said to be the only vehicle of the kind in New 
Jersey, to carry the party. He returned the compliment in October. 
1748, when he brougrht over by one of his own ships the Governor's in- 
tended bride, and on her arrival at Philadelphia procured a four-oared 
bari^e and transported her up the river to Burlingrton. James Logan 
favored his daugrhter's suitor, and told him the girl owned 500 acres of 
land, that he would give her husband £750, that she should have £2.000 
on her father's death, and £1,000 more on the death of her mother. 
Having duly "passed meeting," they were married "10th mo. 7th, 1748" 
— December 7, 1748 — and after spending a day or two at her father's 
place, Stenton. he took lier to his own home in his chaise. She bore 
him several children, but six weeks after the birth of her last she died 
— December 18, 1761. He appears to have taken up a residence in Bur- 
lington some years before this, occupying the house built by his father 
in 1720. — The Burlington Smiths, passim. In 1757 he was a subscriber to 
"The New Jersey Association for Helping the Indians." — N. J. Hist. 8oc. 
Proc, January, 1875. He was appointed, December 12, 1758, a member 
of the Council, on recommendation of Governor Belcher. — N. J. Archives, 
IX., 127, 151, 153. In June, 1761, he was named as one of the commis- 
sioners to try pirates. — lb., 284. On the death of his wife he retired 
altogether from business, and spent the rest of his days at Burlington, 
occupying himself in quiet works of benevolence, and in the faithful 
discharge of his public and private duties. It is related that Governor 
Franklin having put up for sale his country place at Burlington, with 
its herd of an hundred deer, the bellman going about the streets of 
Burlington very early in the morning disturbed Mr. Smith, whose health 
had been impaired so that sleep was a rare pleasure to him. Putting 
his head out of the window, he asked what was for sale. "The Gover- 
nor's Park," was the reply. "Put up your bell and go home, and I will 
buy the property at the owner's price," exclaimed the Councillor, as 
he closed his window and tried to resume his disturbed slumbers. Such 
is the stcry of his purchase of this fine estate. — 7*he Burlington Smiths. 
Mr. Smith died March 26, 1771, in his forty-ninth year. Proud says of 
him: "He was engaging, open, friendly and undesigning, in his address 
and behavious; of a cheerful and benevolent disposition of mind; well 
skilled in the laws of his country; and very ready, generous and ser- 
viceable, in giving his advice and assistance. In his religrious character, 
he exhibited an excellent example of true practical Christianity, free 
from all affectation and narrowness of mind. He was, in several rela- 
tions, one of the best of neighbours and of men." — Hist. Penn., II., 233. 
Samuel Smith sums up a characterization of him thus eloquently and 
feelingly: "He was, In every conjugal relation, affectionately tender; 
a fond father, an indulgent master; he was more. But I must stop — 
he was — my brother, my most intimate friend and companion! I lost 
all that could be lost in those relations." — The Burlington Smiths, 165; 
N. J. Archives, X.. 231-232. 


Samuel Stanhope Smith, a son of the Rev. Robert Smith, a distin- 
guished clergyman of the Presbyterian church, was born in Lancaster 
county. Pa., March 16, 1750. After graduating from Princeton College, 
in 1769, he returned to his father's house, assisting him in a school, and 
giving special attention to belles-lettres and moral and intellectual 
philosophy. In 1770 he was appointed tutor at Princeton, where he re- 
mained three years. In 1773 he was licensed by the Presbytery of New 
Castle, Del., and went as a missionary to Virginia, where he soon be- 



came a universal favorite. In order to keep him in Virgrlnia, funds 
were collected, and Hampden Sidney College was founded, of which he 
became President. In 1779 he was invited to the chair of moral phil- 
osophy at Princeton, which he accepted. On arriving at Princeton, he 
found the affairs of the College in a deplorable condition, occasioned 
by the war, and the occupation of Dr. Witherspoon in the higher affairs 
of the nation. Mainly by the energy, wisdom and self-devotion of Dr. 
Smith, the College was speedily reorganized, and its usual exercises re- 
sumed. In 1794 Dr. Witherspoon died, and Dr. Smith succeeded him in 
the Presidential chair. His reputation as a pulpit orator at this time 
was very great. Visitors from Philadelphia and New York were ac- 
customed to go to Princeton to hear his baccalaureate discourses, which 
were always of the highest order. In 1802, when the institution was at 
the full-tide of its prosperity, the College edifice was destroyed by fire, 
with the libraries, furniture, etc. Dr. Smith assumed the labor of col- 
lecting money to rebuild; and he was successful in i*aising, during the 
year, about $100,000 from the Southern States, and much more from 
other parts of the Union. In 1812, through repeated strokes of palsy, 
he became too much enfeebled to discharge the duties of his office, and 
at the Commencement he sent in to the Trustees his resignation. He 
died August 21, 1819, in the seventieth year of his age. He was a vol^ 
uminous and able writer. 


Sarah Logan Smith, dau. of the Hon. John Smith, of Franklin Park, 
Burlington, and Hannah Logan (dau. of James Logan, of Stenton. 
Chief Justice of Pennsylvania), was b. Aug. 29, 1749; m. William 
Dillwyn, of Philadelphia, May 19, 1768; d. April 23. 1769. He removed 
to Higham Lodge, Middlesex, England. Issue: Susannah Dillwyn, b. 
March 3, 1769; m. Samuel Emlen, of West Hill, April 16, 1795; d. s. p. 
Nov. 24, 1819. William Dillwyn was a brother of the famous Quaker 
preacher and philosopher, George Dillwyn, who was b. in Philadelphia, 
26th of 2d mo., 1738, entered the ministry in his 28th year, traveled 
extensively in his work, spending the years 1784 to 1791 in Europe, and 
again, 1793 to 1802, in Great Britain, and residing in Burlington. N. J., 
from 1802 until his death, 23d of 6th mo., 1820. 


Thomas Spicer was a son of Samuel Spicer and Esther, daughter of 
John and Mary Tilton, of Gravesend, L. I. Samuel Spicer removed 
from Gravesend In 1686 to Gloucester, near Cooper's creek, opposite the 
present city of Camden, N. J. Thomas Spicer, his son, was born prior 
to 1686. He lived on his father's homestead, on Cooper's creek, to which 
he added large tracts, occupying his time in business affairs. He mar- 
ried Abigail, daughter of Francis and Sarah Davenport, who In 1691 
came from Willlngton, Derbyshire, England, and settled in Burlington 
county. The will of Thomas Spicer is dated January 4. 1759, and waa 
probated November 7, 1759. He left children: 

i. Thomas, married October 1. 1744, Rebecca, daughter of Humphrey 
and Jane Day; his will is dated May 4, 1760, and was probated October, 

ii. Jacob, married Mary Lippincott; died October 81, 1779, without 

iii. Samuel, born October 29. 1720; married 1st, Nov. 16, 1743, Abigail 
Willard; she died April 24, 1752, he married 2d. Sarah Potter, of Shrews- 
bury; he died In 1777. 




Benjamin Stelle was a son of the Rev. Isaac Stelle, pastor of the 
Baptist church at Piscataway, New Jersey. Through the influence of 
President Manningr, of Brown University, he went to Providence, Rhode 
Island, after leaving: college, and established a Latin school. Here he 
met with encouragring success, giving great satisfaction to his patrons, 
and being highly esteemed throughout the community. In 1774 Mr. 
Stelle was admitted to a Master's degree at Rhode Island College. 


Pontius Stelle was a son of Gabriel Stelle, a prominent citizen of 
Perth Amboy, and was the grandson of Poncet Stelle, who is styled 
in the records of the French Huguenot church of New York, "sieur 
des Loriers," and is sometimes referred to as "dit desloriers," 
whence it is inferred that he was from the little village of Lorieres, 
near Limoge, in the southwest of France. Elizabeth, the flrst wife 
of Gabriel Stelle, died July 29, 1723, aged 38 years, 2 mos., 1 day. She 
and her infant son Benjamin (died November 14, 1719, in his third year) 
are buried in Christ church burying ground, Shrewsbury. She was 
the mother of Pontius Stelle. The latter was a member of the Assem- 
bly from Perth Amboy, 1745-49. He is mentioned as of Amboy In 1740. 
In 1747 he was appointed one of the commissioners to disburse the 
funds for the expedition against Canada. Administration on the es- 
tate of Pontius Stelle was granted. November 12, 1770, to Benjamin 


John Stockton was the fourth son of Richard Stockton, the flrst 
sectler of that family at Princeton, and received by his father's will 
Ave hundred acres of land, "part of his dwelling plantation," known 
as "Morven." He was appointed a Judge of the Somerset County 
Common Pleas, March 28, 1749, and was probably reappointed in 1754. 
He was a warm friend of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton 
University), and is understood to have been largely instrumental in 
securing the removal of the College from Newark to Princeton. While 
it was still at Newark, he was appointed one of the committee to re- 
ceive subscriptions in its behalf, in January, 1748-9. In 1754 he had for 
sale tickets In the Connecticut lottery for the beneflt of the College. 
When the corner stone of Nassau Hall was laid, at Princeton, in Sep- 
tember, 1754, he was one of the gentlemen who officiated at that im- 
portant function. He was a Trustee of the College, 1748-58. He died at 
Princeton, on Saturday, May 20, 1758. His will, dated May 9, 1758, was 
probated June 9, 1758. He does not mention his wife, she having pro- 
bably predeceased him, but names children: 1. John; 2. Richard (the 
Signer of the Declaration of Independence), 8. Phillip (a well-known 
clergyman); 4. Hannah; 5. Susanna; 6. Rebecca; 7. Abagail. In Hage- 
man's "Princeton and its Institutions" it Is stated that he also had 
Samuel Witham, who was entrusted with many imi>ortant positions. 

The New York Mercury of June 5, 1758, publishes the following obituary 
notice of John Stockton: 

"Prince-Town, (in "Stw-Jeraey) May 23. Saturday last, after a painful 
Illness, departed this Life, John Stockton, Esq; of this Place, in the 
57th year of his Age. As his Life has been so generally useful, his 
Death apparently diffuses an universal Sorrow. For about twenty-flve 
years pasft, he has, with great Acceptance, executed the Office of a 
Magistrate, and about half the Time, that of a Judge of the Court of 



Common Pleas: His Judiciousness, Moderation, and Integrity, in his 
various Decisions as a Magistrate, rendered him peculiarly dear to 
the Place and Country in which he lived; where his Merit acquired him 
a great Influence. As his Situation in Life made it unnecessary for 
him to regard lucrative Motives, in the Discharge of his public Offices, 
so his unaffected and steady Piety to God, and universal benevolence 
to Mankind made him indefatigable in his Endeavours to compose 
Differences, promote Peace and Harmony, suppress Immorality, and 
encourage Virtue and true Religion. In the social Duties of Life, he 
distinguished himself as a tender Husband, an affectionate Father, a 
kind Master, and a faithful Friend: His last Sickness he supported 
with great Patience and Composure, and received the Evidences of 
his approaching Dissolution, with that Magnanimity which true Re- 
ligion inspires. It pleased God to give him strong Confidence in the 
Truth of the Gospel, and the Merits of his Lord and Saviour; and 
when he found his 'Flesh and his Heart to fail,' he doubted not, and has 
left his Acquaintances not the least Room to doubt, but that 'God was 
the Strength of his Heart and his Portion for ever.' " 


Richard Stockton was descended from an English family of Stockton, 
in Durham, on the river Tees, England. The first of the family to im- 
migrate to America, Richard Stockton, settled at Flushing, L. I., whence 
he removed to Burlington county, N. J., where he bought 2,000 acres, 
March 10, 1692. He died in 1707, leaving children Richard, John, Job, 
Abigail (Ridgeway), Sarah (Jones), Mary, Hannah and Elizabeth. His 
son Richard removed from Flushing to PIscataway, and thence (in 1696) 
to Princeton, buying 400 acres, and in 1701 bought of William Penn 
4,460 acres more, in and about the present Princeton. He died in 1709, 
leaving six sons — Richard, Samuel, Joseph, Robert, John, Thomas. His 
estate being divided soon after, the homestead, now known as "Mor- 
ven," fell to John, who became an infiuential man in the community. 
He was a Judge of the Somerset Common Pleas, and was a warm 
friend of Princeton College. — Princeton and ifa Inatiiutiona, by John F. 
Hageman, I., 33-9. Richard Stockton, son of John, was born at Prince- 
ton, October 1, 1730, was one of the first class graduates from the Col- 
lege of New Jersey, in 1748, studied law under David Ogden, was 
licensed in 1754 as an attorney, In 1758 as a counsellor, and In 1764 as 
sergeant, his practice meantime becoming co-extensive with the Prov- 
ince, and even reaching beyond its limits. — Ih., 78; Provincial Courts of 
NeiD Jersey, by Richard S. Field, 192; Life of Com. Robert F. Stockton, 
9-30; Sketch of Life of Richard Stockton, by William A. Whitehead, N. J. 
Hist Boc. Proc, January, 1877; Rules of Supreme Court, N. J., 1885, Ap- 
pendix, by G. D. W. Vroom, 54, 59. In 1764, writing to his former law 
student, Joseph Read, he suggested as the readiest solution of the 
troubles between England and her Colonies the election of some bright 
Americans to Parliament (Reed's Reed, I., 30); but a year later, during 
the controversy over the Stamp Act, he took the positive ground that 
Parliament had no authority over the American Colonists; so rapidly 
did public sentiment develop In those times. — N. J. Hist. Proc, 149. In 
1766 he went to England, where he spent a year, mingling in the high- 
est circles, and had much to do with persuading Dr. Witherspoon to 
accept the Presidency of Princeton College. — Hist, of College of N. J., by 
John MacLean, I., 297, 385; Provincial Courts, 192-6. Appointed to the 
Council in 1768 (see ante, page 59), on the recommendation of Governor 
Franklin, he stood so well with the Governor that six years later he 
was commissioned one of the Justices of the Supreme Court, as above, 
to succeed Judge Reed, removed to the West Indies. The affairs of his 



country were evidently on his heart and mind duringr these trouble- 
some times, and under date of December 12, 1774, he drafted and sent 
to Lord Dartmouth "An Expedient for the Settlement of the American 
Disputes, humbly submitted to the consideration of his Majesty's Min- 
isters," in which he sug^sted substantially a plan of self-grovernment 
for America, independent of Parliament, without renouncingr allegriance 
to the Crown.—Hiatorical Magazine, November, 1868, 228. He retained 
his position in the Council until the end of royal grovernment in New 
Jersey, and attended the meetings of that body as late as November 
24, 1775.— Minute$ Provincial Congre»$, etc., 323. He was elected to the 
Continental Congress, June 22, 1776. — lb., 473. Six days later the New 
Jersey delegates took their seats in Congress, in time to hear the clos- 
ing debate on the Declaration of Independenc, and Mr. Stockton is said 
to have made a "short but energetic speech" in favor of the measure. — 
Works of John Adams, in., 63-8; Field's Provincial Courts, 197. While he 
was still attending to his duties in Congress, a large number of his 
friends and admirers at home favored him for Governor, and on the 
first ballot in the Legislature (August 30, 1776) the votes were equally 
divided between him and William Livingston, who was chosen the next 
day. — Minutes Joint Meeting, passim; Sedgwick's lAvingsion, 205-6. Gordon 
alleges this whimsical reason for the preference: "Mr. Stockton having 
Just at the moment (of the ballot) refused to furnish his team of 
horses for the service of the public, and the Legislature coming to the 
knowledge of it, the choice of Mr. Livingston took place immediately." 
— History of Revolution, ed. 1789, II., 108. The true reason doubtless was 
that it was thought best to have a man of some military instincts in 
the Governor's chair, and Livingston was then in camp. Be that as it 
may, the Legislature the same day (August 31) elected Mr. Stockton 
to be the first Chief Justice of the new State, but ho declined, prefer- 
ring Just then the more active career of a Congressman. — Minutes Joint 
Meeting, passim; Sedgwick's Livingston, 206. On September 25, 1776, 
Congress appointed him on a committee of two, to visit the Northern 
army, and he set out inmiediately. He was greatly affected at the un- 
fortunate condition of the patriot soldiers. Writing from Saratoga, 
October 28, to Abraham Clark, he says the New Jersey soldiers were 
"marching with cheerfulness, but great part of the men barefooted and 
barelegged. My heart melts with compassion for my brave country- 
men who are thus venturing their lives in the public service, and yet 
are so distressed. There is not a single shoe nor stocking to be had in 
this part of the world, or I would ride a hundred miles through the 
woods and purchase them with my own money." — American Archives, 
5th Series, II., 561, 1256, 1274. He left Albany on his homeward Journey 
November 21. Two days later he was appointed by Congrress on a com- 
mittee "with full power to devise and execute measures for effectually 
re-enforcing Gen. Washington, and obstructing the progress of Gen- 
Howe's army." — lb., III., 784, 828. During the ensuing week he was ap- 
pointed on other committees, but it is doubtful if he ever resumed his 
seat in Congress after setting out from Albany, for by the time he could 
reach Princeton the British were marching triumphantly through New 
Jersey, and he was compelled to seek shelter for his family with a 
friend, John Covenhoven, in Monmouth county. There he was surprised 
and captured by a party of Tories, who shamefully treated him, and 
dragged him by night to Perth Amboy, where he was temporarily con- 
fined in the Jail in bitterly cold weather, until he could be removed safely 
to New York, where he was locked up in a foul prison, and treated with 
such indignity that Congress was impelled (January 3, 1777) to for- 
mally remonstrate against his treatment, and took measures to secure 



his exchcnge. When released his health was hopelessly shattered, and 
he was an invalid until relieved by death, February 2S, 1781, at Prince- 
ton. The date of his arrest is generally given as November 30, 1776, 
being the very day on which the New Jersey Legislature re-elected him 
to Congress for another year. He resigned February 10, 1777. — Hageman, 
ut supra, I., 86; Provincial Courts, 198-9; LosHng's Field Book of the Rev- 
olution, ed. 1789, II., 175; Raum'a Hist. N. J., I., 423; Whitehead, ut supra; 
Whitehead's Perth Amboy, 254; Gordon's N. J., 324. Mr. Stockton married 
Annis Boudinot, daughter of Ellas Boudinot, of Elizabethtown, and 
sister of Elias Boudinot, LL. D., President of Congress, 1782-3, and first 
President of the American Bible Society. Dr. Boudinot married (1762) 
Mr. Stockton's sister. — Hatfield's Elizabethtown, 588-9; Helen Boudinot 
Stryker, in Penn. Hist. Mag., III., 191. Mrs. Stockton frequently wrote 
verses for the periodicals of the day, and one of her compositions, ad- 
dressed to Washington, on the surrender of Cornwallis, elicited from 
him a most gallant and courtly acknowledgment. — Mag. American Hist., 
v.. 118; VII., 66. Mr. Stockton left children: Richard (the "Duke"). 
Lucius Horatio. Julia (married Dr. Benjamin Rush), Susan (married 
Alexander Cuthbert), Mary (married the Rev. Dr. Andrew Hunter), 
Abby (married Robert Field). — Provincial Courts, 199. The fullest and 
most accurate sketch of the family, and especially of the Signer, is 
given by John F. Hageman, Esq., in his admirable and deeply interest- 
ing history of "Princeton and Its Institutions," I., 86-88. — N. J. Archives, 
X., 427-430. 


Richard V. Stockton, known as "Stockton the Land Pilot," was 
Major of the Sixth Battalion, New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists). He 
was surprised, with sixty -three privates of his battalion, and taken 
prisoner, February 18th, 1777, by Colonel John Neilson, of New Bruns- 
wick, and was sent in irons to Philadelphia, by order of General Put- 
nam. To this course. General Washington objected, he considering that 
Major Stockton should be treated as a prisoner of war and not as a 
felon. He was tried by court-martial at Philadelphia, August 15th. 
1780, for the murder of Derrick Amberman, of Long Island, found 
guilty and sentenced to death. The sentence was not dfeirried out. He 
accompanied the Tory refugees to teh province of New Brunswick. 
Four sons and a daughter accompanied him in exile. — Sabine's Loyalists, 
II., pp. 334, 335; New Jersey Yolunteers (Loyalists), by W. S. Stryker, 34. 
Richard V. Stockton was probably the son of Samuel Stockton (son of 
Richard Stockton, 2d, the first of the family to settle at Princeton, 
1696, who died in 1709), born 1694-1695, died 1739. Major Stockton 
married a daughter of Joseph Hatfield, of Elizabeth, N. J.— Ancestry of 
the Children of Jas. William White, M. D., by William Francis Cregar, 
1888, p. 108; Hatfield's Elizabeth, p. 462; Hageman' s History of Princeton, 
I., pp. 38, 39. Richard Stockton, of Somerset county, was advertised 
August 24th, 1779, as "a fugitive now with the enemy."— probably the 
same person. 


Samuel Witham Stockton was a brother of the elder Richard Stock- 
ton. In 1774 he went to Europe as Secretary of the American Commis- 
sion to the Courts of Austria and Prussia. While abroad he negotiated 
a treaty with Holland. He returned to New Jersey in 1779. where he 
held various public offices. In 1794 he was Secretary of State of New 
Jersey. Mr. Stockton lost his life by being thrown from a carriage in 
the streets of Trenton, June 27th, 1795. 




Christian Streydt and Ursula, his wife, came to America from Ger- 
many before 1720. Christian Streigrht. who graduated from the Phila- 
delphia Collegre in 1768, was pastor of the Lutheran churches at Fasten. 
Pa., 1769-1779, and Greenwich, N. J., 1773-1777. 


Christian Struyt and Maria Etsels (or Orseltie) doubtless lived in 
the Saddle River Valley, in the northwestern part at Bergen county, 
probably in the vicinity of Masonicus, where there was a Lutheran 
church established In the middle of the eighteenth century. They had 
children, baptized in the Hackensack Reformed Dutch church: 1. 
Margrita, Nov. 14, 1714; 2. Anne Caitherine, b. at Ramapough, July 13. 
1717; 3. Elisabeth, b. at Ramapough, Feb., 1718; 4. Johan Leonhard, b. 
July 28, 1720. The last-named was doubtless the Leonard Streit who 
signed a call to the Rev. John Albert Weygand to become rector of 
Zion Lutheran church at New Germantown, and who, in 1758, was 
one of the managers of the lottery for the benefit of the newly erected 
St. Paul's Lutheran church at Pluckamin. In 1756 he lived on the 
property owned in 1880 by Jacob V. D. Powelson. He sold. May 29, 1766, 
a tract of 260 acres to Jacob Van Derveer. In the petition, 1767, of the 
rector, wiardens and vestrymen of Zion and St. Paul churches for a 
charter, his name appears. He was still living in Bedminster town- 
ship, Somerset County, in 1774. 


Matthew Taylor, said to have been a distant connection of Sit 
George Carteret, came to New Jersey to speculate in lands, and dying 
in New York in 1687 without issue devised his lands to his brother Ed 
ward, then living in London. The latter came to America in 1692, and 
bought an additional tract of about 1,000 acres at Garret's Hill, Middle- 
town, and settted on it. He died in 1710, leaving four sons and one 
daughter. George, one of his sons, resided at Garret's Hill, and died 
there, leaving three sons— George, Edward and John.— Hist. Monmouth 
Co., by Franklin Ellis, Philadelphia, 1885, 524. The John Taylor just men- 
tioned, son of George, son of Richard, was born in 1716, and was known 
as 'Squire John. He lived at Upper Freehold. There was a John Tay- 
lor High Sheriff of Monmouth County in 1753, doubtless the same man, 
although the writer just quoted says the Sheriff was the son of Ed- 
ward, and nephew of 'Squire John, which is obviously improbable. In 
ITA he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Assembly.— y. J. Archives, 
XIX., 382. Being a man of large wealth, and presumably of influence 
in the community, he was selected by Lord Howe, when he came to 
America to offer terms to those in arms, to be "His Majesty's Lord 
High Commissioner of New Jersey." This arrayed his patriotic neigh- 
bors against him, and he was compelled to join his British friends in 
New York, while his property was applied to the uses of the Continen- 
tal forces. His lands in Monmouth County were advertised to be sold 
in 1779. After the war he returned to New Jersey. He died at Perth 
Amboy, aged 82 years. His daughter Mary married Dr. Absalom Bain- 
bridge, and two of her sons distinguished themselves in the War of 
1812, in the United States Navy— Commodore William Bainbridge, and 
Post-Captain Joseph Bainbridge. The early education of the future 
Commodore was superintended by his maternal grandfather, John 
Taylor.— OW Times in Old Monmouth, 48; Life of Commodore Dainbridye, 3. 




William Tennent was born at Antrim, In the North of Ireland. 
June 3. 1705. the son of the Rev. William Tennent. who married, May 
15, 1702, a daughter ot the Rev. Gilbert Kennedy. The Rev. William 
Tennent came to America in September. 1716, with his wife, four sons 
and a daughter. He was the founder of the famous "Log College," 
that celebrated training school for Pres'byterian ministers, among 
whom his own four sons were justly distinguished. He died May 6, 

William Tennent. 2d, is most widely known from the story that has 
been told of his falling into a trance for three days, during wTiich time 
"he felt himself wafted along under the guidance of a superior being, 
till at a distance he beheld an unutterable glory; he saw an innumer- 
able host of happy beings, and heard their songs of praise with rap- 
ture. He thought, 'Well, blessed be God, I am safe at last, notwith- 
standing all my fears.' He was about to join the happy company, 
wlien someone came to him and said, 'You must go back.' It was like 
a sword through his heart; with the shock he awoke." Having stud- 
ied divinity with his brother Gilbert, he was ordained October 25, 1733. 
He married the widow of John Noble, of New York. He took a deep 
interest In the mission of David and John Brainerd among the Indians 
of New Jersey. A notorious horse thief, Tom Bell, having Imperson- 
ated the Rev. John Rowland, and in that guise ridden off with a fine 
animal, Mr. Rowland was Indicted for the theft. In 1741. Mr. Tennent 
and two of his elders testified on the trial that at the time of the 
theft they were in company with Mr. Rowland In Maryland, one hun- 
dred miles or more from the scene of Tom Bell's exploit. Rowland 
was thereupon acquitted, but by a curious perversion of Justice Ten- 
nent was Indicted for perjury. The story handed down by traditioriis 
that on the day appointed for trial a man and a woman arrived from 
Maryland, having been miraculously warned In a dream that they 
must come to Trenton to avert impending danger to Mr. Tennent; 
they knew that his account was true. Thereupon the prosecution was 
abandoned. These extraordinary occurrences were narrated in a 
manuscript addressed to Ellas Boudlnot, DL. D., by Dr. Thomas Hen- 
derson, a physician of Freehold, who was not born until more than 
ten years after the time laid for the trance, and a year or two afier 
the horse-stealing episode. He received the stories from his father, 
an elder in Mr. Tennent's church, who died in 1771. Dr. Henderson's 
MS. Is In the library of the N. J. Historical Society. It was communi- 
cated by Dr. Boudlnot to the Evangelical Intelligencer, and published In 
1806, under the title "Memoirs of the Rev. William Tennent, late pas- 
tor of the Pre^yterlan Church at Freehold, New- Jersey," and thence 
transferred to book form, running througfh numerous editions. Many 
publishers subjoined the attractive addendum to the title: "In which 
is contained, among other interesting particulars, An Account of his 
being Three Days In a TRANCE, and apparently lifeless." An edition 
printed at Salem, Mass., In 1814, is a very small 12mo, 3x5 inches, pp. 
129. A Wilmington edition, 1819, contains 72 pp., in much smaller type, 
and is 3V^x5% inches. In a paper read before the N. J. Historical Socl- 



ety, Septem'ber U, 1851, the late Judge Richard S. Field gave some 
interesting details regarding the defence of Mr. Tennent on the indict- 
ment for perjury, in 1742, and expressed the belief that the two mirac- 
ulous witnesses had been hunted up and brought forward through the 
well-directed intelligence and energy of his counsel, three of the ablest 
lawyers In the country.—:^. J. Hist. 8oc. Proc., VI., 30. Mr. Tennent's 
manner "was remarkaibly impressive, and his sermons, though seldom 
polished, were generally delivered with indescribable power; what he 
said seldom failed to instruct and please. He was remarkable for a 
pointed attention to the particular circumstances of the afflicted in 
body and mind. Eminent as a peacemaker, all were charmed with 
his converse. His hospitality and domestic enjoyments were pro- 
verbial. More than six feet high, of a spare, thin visage, erect car- 
riage, with bright, piercing eyes, his countenance was grave and sol- 
emn, yet at all times cheerful. He lived above the worW, with such 
clear views of heavenly things as seemed to give him a foretaste of 
them."— Memoir. He died March 8. 1777. 


William Mackay Tennant was a son of Rev. Charles Tennent, of 
Delaware, and a nephew of William and Gilbert Tennent. He was 
ordained, June 17, 1772, as pastor of the Congregational Church in 
Greenfield, Conn. In December, 1781, he resigned his charge and ac- 
cepted a call to the Presbyterian Church at Ablngton, Pennsylvania, 
where he continued till his death, December, 1810. Dr. Tennent mar- 
ried a daughter of the Rev. Dr. Rodgers, of New York. In 1797 he was 
Moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church. 


ifiphraim Terrill was born in 1714; he was appointed Justice of the 
Peace in 1768; Deputy Mayor of EUzabethtown In 1774; took a pro- 
nounced stand in favor of the Colonies at tihe beginning of tdie Revolu- 
tion; diied Aug. 13, 1786, in his 73d year. He was a son of Ephralm Ter- 
rill, who died June 18, 1761, in his 72d ye-ar. Thomas> Terrill, a black- 
smdth, who In. 1675 had a consid'erable estate in Soiuthold, L». I., bought 
of William Cramer, Aug. 19, lo96, a plot of land in BMzabethtown, and 
soon after removed thither. He died in 1725. He was the ancestor of 
the Terrill family of that town.— HutfH Id' a Elizabelh, 272, 285, 410; Tomb- 
8tone Inscriptions, Elizab-'th. 31S-319; N. J. Archives, XVII., 503. 


James Thompson was a tutor in Princeton College, 1762-1770, and in 
1767 occasionally supplied the pulpit of the Presbyterian church in 


William Thomson was admitted as an attorney and counsellor of 
New Jersey, May 11, 1758. His will is dated September 14, 1765. In it he 
speaks of his wife Margaret, and children, whom he does not name. He 
devises real and personal estate, and names as executors his father, 
Benjamin Thomson, and his brother-in-law, Edmund Leslie, and Peter 
Schank. The will is witnessed by James Leslie, William Millan and 
Hugh Thomson. It was proved October 2, 1765.— U. J. Wills, Liber H, 
page 551. 


TOOKSR: T U T H I L. L. : T U T T L. B 


^Charles Tooker d. Jan. 15, 1810, in his 66th year, and is buried in 
the old Presbyterian churchyard in Elizabeth. His widow, Mary. d. 
Oct. 14, 1814, aged 63 yrs. Their dau. Ann, wife of Benjamin Marsh, 
is also buried in the same ground, having d. April 8, 1789, in her 19th 


Samuel Tuthill, son of John Tuthill, was born Sept. 22, 1724. He was 
graduated at Yale College, and appears to have studied medicine, as 
there are references to him as "Doctor" Tuthill. He is mentioned so 
often in the local annals of Morristown that he evidently was a lead- 
ing man in the community. Gov. Bernard appointed him a judge for 
Morris county, March 19, 1759, and he was again appointed April 21, 
1768. In 1773 Lord Stirling complained that Samuel Tuthill and Colonel 
Samuel Ogden had acted in an unfair and partial manner in "taking 
the examinations and depositions of several witnesses of and concern- 
ing several criminal matters" inquired into by them as judges of the 
Morris county court of oyer and terminer; he also charged that they 
had "suppressed the testimony of som« material witnesses for bring- 
ing certain criminals to justice." These charges being made to the 
Council of the Province, Col. Ogden in behalf of himself and Judge 
Tuthill demanded an inquiry. But Lord Stirling withdrew the charges, 
and the matter was dropped. When Princeton College appealed to the 
Morristown church (among others) for aid, in 1769, he subscribed £3. 
He was one of the trustees of the Morristown "Green" in 1771. He 
was among the first to take a decided stand on the American side in 
the Revolution, being appointed a member of the Morris County Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, June 27, 1774, and again on January 9, 1775. 
The Provincial Congress, on Oct. 27, 1775, appointed him Lieutenant 
Colonel of the Regriment of Light Horse in the eastern division of the 
Colony, which he resigned February 3, 1776. He was chairman of a 
meeting held Sept. 25, 1792, at which was organized the Morris County 
Society for the Promotion of Agricultural and Domestic Manufactures, 
which was merged in 1812 in the Morris Library Association, and he 
was the first President of that society. He was chosen first moderator 
of the Fire Association of Morristown, organized July 26, 1797. He 
married, November 3, 1751, Sarah Kenny, daughter of Jacob Ford, 
senior, and widow of John Kenny. He renewed his covenant with the 
Presbyterian church of Morristown, April 1, 1754. He died May 31, 
1814, in his ninetieth year. His wife joined the church on confession, 
August 29, 1771. She died November 12, 1811, aged 80 years. 


lames Tuttle was born May 7, 1742, the son of Col. Joseph Tuttle 
and his second wife, Abigail Nutman, sister of the Rev. John Nutman. 
Col. Tuttle was an Elder in the Hanover (Morris County) Presbyter- 
ian church for many years. Toung Tuttle was fitted for College in 
the school of his pastor, the Rev. Jacob Green, and having graduated 
at Nassau Hall in 1764 studied theology with Mr. Green. In 1767 he 
was licensed to preach, by the Presbytery of New York. On Feb. 2, 
1767, he married Anna, daughter of the Rev. Jacob Green. In April he 
became pastor of the RocKaway Presbyterian church. Before the end 
of 1769 he became too ill to preach, and so continued until his death, 
at Hanover, Dec. 25, 1770. He had but one child, Benajah, who died a 
few weeks before him. Mr. Tuttle was also pastor of the Parsippany 



church. He lived at Rockaway, in a parsonagre built expressly for 
him. His tombstone' (at Hanover) says: "This man of God had a 
short race but swift, he ran far in littel time. Few exceeded him in 
sweetness of Temper, Tenderness of conscience and fidelity In his 
ministerial work and the End of this man was Peace."— ilnnal« o/ 
Morris County, by the Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, 1876, p. 80. 


F. Valleau was a witness at the marriage, in the French Church in 
New York, September 29, 1689, of Susanne Valleau to Aman Bonin. He 
married Madelaine Fauconier, daughter of Peter Fauconier. They 
had children: 1. P^er Theodorus, born April 28, 1716, baptized in the 
Reformed Dutch Church at Hackensack; 2. Magdelaine, born August 
21, 1718, baptized In the French Church in New York; 3. Susanne, born 
October 14, 1720, baptized in the French Church, "daughter of Pierre 
Valleau and of Mdlle Magdelaine his wife." She m. Dr. John Bard, 
of Philadelphia, in 1741. Magdelaine Valleau gave a deed, April 13, 
1750, to the Paramus Church, for forty-five acres for a burying- 
ground, part of the consideration being "three places or seats in 
the Paramus church that is to say one womans p]ace and two mens 
places." This burylng-ground is known as the "Valleau Cemetery," 
and is still admirably kept, after a lapse of a century and a half. 
Theodorus Valleau doubtless lived at Paramus. He married Eliza- 
beth Anthony, and had children (baptized at Schraalenburgh or 
Hackensack): 1. Jan, bap. July 2, 1738; 2. Andries, bap. April 20, 1740; 
3. Steven Cummins, b. September 22, 1742; 4. Samuel, bap. December 
15, 1745; 5. Jacobus, bap. January 3, 1748; 6. Marytie, bap. August 20, 
1749; 7. Magdalene, b. August 12, 1750; 8. Theodorus, bap. January 19, 


Jacob Vanartsdalen, a native of Somerset County, New Jersey, was 
b. Feb. 8, 1745, the sixth son of Philip Van Artsdalen, who was b. Feb. 
12, 1701, and d. June 17, 1797, at Somerset. He was ordained by the Pres- 
bytery of New Brunswick, June 19, 1771; in which connection he re- 
mained until the latter part of 1774, when he was received by the Pres- 
bytery of New York and put in charge of the Church of Springfield, 
New Jersey. He continued in the orderly and faithful performance of 
the duties of the office, as far as his health permitted, for more than 
a quarter of a century. In the spring of 1797, and again three years 
later, he was, by reason of long continued illness, disqualified for 
preaching." He was at length compelled to relinquish the pastoral 
office, and was dismissed from the charge. May 6, 1801. From 1793 to 
1802 Mr. Vanartsdalen was a Trustee of Princeton College. He died 
at Springfield, N. J., October 24, 1803. His wife was Mary Sutphen, 
of Somerset, who survived him. They had three daughters and one 
son, Ellas Van Arsdale, a prominent lawyer, of Newark.— ff of /ieW« 
EHxaheth, 570. 


Lourens Andrlessen Van Boskerck came from Holstein, Denmark, 
in the summer of 1655, and with others bought, January 6th, 1676, a 
large tract of land at "New Hackensack," on which he resided as early 
as 16S8. The family have been numerous in the English Neighborhood, 
Bergen county, ever since. John Jacobus Van Buskirk was probably 
the John (son of Jacobus, son of Peter, son of Lourens Andrlessen) 




who was born Nt)vember 28th, 1739. He was charged with holding com- 
munication with the enemy on Staten Island, July 8th, 1776, but on 
being tried was acquitted. Abraham, son of Laurence, was a Captain 
in the Rangers (Loyalists); at the close of the war he sailed for Nova 
Scotia, in 1783, but died on the voyage, at the age of thirty- three years. 
Dr. Abraham Van Buskirk was appointed Surgeon of the Bergen Regi- 
ment, February 17th, 1776, but did not serve long. 


Ellas Van Bunschooten was bom Oct. 26, 1738, at New Hackensack. 
Dutchess county, N. Y., son of Teunls Van Bunschoten. After gradu- 
ating from Princeton College in 1768 he studied for the ministry with 
the Rev. Dr. Myer, was licensed in 1773, and in the same year was 
settled over the Reformed Dutch church at Schaghticoke, on the Hud- 
son, where he labored until 1785, when he resignd. On the 29th of 
August of the same year he was installed over three churches — Mini- 
sink, Magaghamack (near the persent Port Jervis), and Walpack, cov- 
ering fifty miles of territory — in Orange county. New York. In 1792 he 
gathered an axiditional church at the Clove, now Port Jervis, where 
he resided until 1812, when, on account of the infirmities of age. he 
withdrew from active duties. He died Jan. 10, 1815. He was in person 
about six feet in height, erect and stately in his carriage, and was a 
man of great sternness of character. His manner in the pulpit was 
earnest and impressive, and his sermons highly evangelical. He 
preached both in Dutch and English. In his intercourse with his neigh- 
bors he seems to have displayed a parsimony that was harsh and 
miserly, dealing justice rather than mercy. That his object in accu- 
mulating money was not selfish was shown when he attended the 
General Synod in 1814, and emptied pocket after pocket on the Mod- 
erator's desk, until he had turned over $800 in cash, and $13,840 in 
securities, which he gave to Rutgers College, in trust, the income to 
be used to aid young men to prepare for the ministry. By his will he 
increased the fund to $17,000. It was allowed to accumulate to $20,000, 
at which it still stands. The interest has assisted nearly two hundred 
young men in their studies. 


Benjamin Van Cleve resided at Maidenhead (now Lawrenceville), 
near T^rincoton. He was a son of John Van Cleve, who took up 
his residence at Maidenhead, where he died in 1772, aged 72 years, and 
is buried there, in the old cemetery. Benjamin Van Cleve was elected 
chosen freeholder from Maidenhead in 1775, and a member of the 
township committee, 1774-76, and 1802. He was commissioned First 
Lieutenant, First Regiment, Hunterdon county militia, at the begin- 
ning of the Revolution; Captain of the same; Captain, Colonel John- 
son's battalion, Heard's brigade, June 14, 1776; Second Major, First 
Regiment, Hunterdon, March 15, 1777; resigned Nov. 13. 1777, on his 
election to the Assembly. He was again elected to that body in 
1779, taking his seat Sept. 16, as the Euccessor of John Hart, deceased. 
He was elected in the fall of 1779 for the full term of one year, and 
again in 17S0. 17S1, 1783. 1784, 1785, 1786 1787. 1788, 1791, 1792. 1793, 
1795, 1796, 1797, 1798, ISOO, 1801, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805. He was elected 
Speaker of the Assembly, Nov. 19. 1784. to fill a vacancy, and was 
again chosen in 1785, 1786, and 1788. He was appointed a justice of 



the peace for Hunterdon county, Sept. 7, 1776, Sept. 29, 1781, Nov. 7, 
1786. Nov. 9. 1791, Nov. 4. 1796. Jan. 28. 1797. On Dec. 18, 1782, he was 
appointed one of the judges of the Hunterdon county court of common 
pleas, which probably accounts for his non-election to the Assembly 
in that year. When "the Presbyterian Church in the township of 
Maidenhead" was incorporated, in 1787, Benjamin Van Cleve was one 
of the trustees named in the certificate of incorporation. The board of 
justices and freeholders of the county chose him to be clerk of that 
body In 1791. Benjamin Van Cleve m. 1st, Mary, dau. of Joseph 
Wright; she d. 1784, aged 38 yrs.; he m. 2d, Sept. 20, 1786, Anna, dau. 
of the Rev. Caleb Smith, of Orange, and wid. of Greorge Greeij, of 
Maidenhead; she d. 17&9. aged 40 yrs. Issue (by his first wife): 

i. John Wright, graduated at Princeton College, 1786; 
licensed as an attorney, September term, 1791; as a 
counsellor, November term, 1796; m. Elizabeth, dau. 
of Isaac Coates, of Philadelohia; d. 1802. Children: 
1. Mary. m. Dr. Garbett, of Georgia; 2. Elizabeth; 3. 
Cornelia, m. Daniel Barnes, of New York, 
ii. Phebe, m. John Stevens; d. s. p. 
Hi. Cornelia, m. Thomas Stevens. 

iv. Elizabeth, m. Dr. Israel Clarke, of Clarkesville. Chil- 
dren: 1. Mary, m. Dr. Alexander Hart, of Phila- 
delphia: 2. Elizabeth. 
V. Joseph W., b. 1777; m. Charity Pitney, of Morristown 
(prob. b. Mar. 31, 1782, dau. of James Pitney and 
Elizabeth Carmichael); d. 1864, aged 87 yrs. Chil- 
dren: 1. Mary, m. Stacy Paxon, of Trenton; she d. 
May 26, 1847. aged 49 yrs.; 2. Phebe; 3. Benjamin 
Franklin, m. Phebe, dau. of Joshua Anderson and 
Jemima Broadhurst, both of Trenton; 4. Elizabeth, d. 
Issue by his second wife, Anna (Smith) Green: 
vi. A son, d. in inf. 


Lawrence Van Derveer was from Somerset county. He was an 
original member of the New Jersey Medical Society, in 1766. Later he 
removed to Shepardstown, Va., but soon returned to Somerset county, 
and practiced at Roycefield. He exploited the value of the Scutellaria 
Lateriflora in the prevention and cure of hydrophobia, and claimed to 
have used it successfully in four hundred cases. His method was kept 
secret. He was highly regarded by his neighbors, as a generous friend 
of the poor. He died in 1815. 


The Rev. Peter Peterson Vanhorn (son of Dr. Peter Vanhorn) was 
born August 24th. 1719, at Middletown. Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
and was bred a Lutheran, but joined the Baptists, September 6th. 
1741, and was ordained to the ministry June 18th, 1747, and installed 
pastor of the church at Pennepek, near Philadelphia. He resigned this 
charge in 1762, and removed to Newmllls, in Northampton township. 
Burlington county, N. J., where a Baptist church was organized on 
June 23d, 1764, of which he was one of the constituent members, and 
became pastor. He resigned April 2d, 1768. and returned to Pennepek. 
Two years later (April 7th, 1770) he was called to the pastorate of the 
Baptist church at Cape May, which he resigned In 1775. He was also 






pastor of the Baptist churches at Dividing Creek and Salem at various 
times. One of his sons, William Vanhorn, was pastor of the Scotch 
Plains Baptist church, 1785-1807. See Morgan Edwards's History of 
the Baptists, passim; Johnson's History of Salem; Hatfield's Elizabeth, 
etc. Peter Vanhorne and Sarah Mode, both of Bucks county. Pa., 
were married Sept. 4, 1771, by The Rector of St. Mary's Church. Bur- 
lington. Was this the Rev. Peter Peterson Vanhorn, mentioned above? 
It seems improbable. 


Jacobus (or James) Van Home, baptized in New York, June 29, 1712, 
was a son oif Johannes Cornelissen Van Hoorn, of New York, and Calh- 
arina Meyer, his wife, daughter of Andrles Jansen Meyer and Vrouwtje 
Iden van der Vorst; Johannes Van Hoorn and Catharin-a. Meyer were 
married March 20, 1693. Jacobus, or James, was their tenth child. He 
married, Dec. 16, 1742, Margareta, daughter of Samuel Bayard, of New 
York. His father was a New York merchant, who began buying land In 
New Jersey in 1706, adding steadily to his purchases during the next six- 
teen years, acquiring extensive tracts in Somerset and Middlesex coun- 
ties especially, as well as in Monmouth county. In his will, dated June 
23, 1733, he devises to his sons James and Abraham the Rocky Hill tracts. 
James repeatedly offered for sale his place at Rocky Hill; in 1755 he was 
living on a farm of 1,668 acres at Dover, near Cheesequakes creek, Mid- 
dlesex county, and advertised that for sale, also. His will, dated Oct. 
29, 1760, was proved April 20, 1761. He gives all his estate to his sons 
John and Jam«es, "James to be given the best education the Province 
of Pennsylvania affords, either at the Acadenay or Mr. Dove's Bngllsh 
school, then to study physic or law and complete his studies in Scotland." 
He men'tions his late wife Margaret. His brother, Cornelius Van Home, 
was for several years a member of the Council of New Jersey. 


The Van Meters were among the early settlers of Ulster county, 
N. Y. About 1714 a number of the Reformed Dutch people of £]sopus 
and vicinity removed to Pilesg-rove, now Upper Plttsgrove, Salem 
county. Among the newcomers were John and Isaac Van Meter, who, 
in company with the Dubois family, bought from Daniel Coxe, of Bur- 
lington, a tract of 3,000 acres. The Van Meters subsequently added to 
their purchase, until they owned about 6,000 acres in Upper Pittsgrove. 
The new colony does not appear to have organized a church for many 
years, the people worshiping in the schoolhouse or in private resi- 
dences; but on April 30, 1741, they s^igned a covenant organizing the 
Presbyterian church of Pittsgrove, and built a log house of worship. 
Among those Who signed the covenant were Isaac Van Meter and 
Henry Van Meter, the latter being the son of John, then deceased. 
Isaac had a son Grarret, who married a daughter of Judge John Holme, 
in 1774. Henry Van Meter was married four times. In his will he 
names children Joseph, Ephraim. John, David, Elizabeth, Rebecca, 
Jacob (removed to the Genessee country, N. Y.), and Benjamin, who 
died 15th of 10th mo., 1826, aged 82 years.— fiffto«rd«'« Fenwick Colony, 


George Andrew Vierselius emigrated from Germany about 1749, or 
earlier, and settled on the Old York Rdtad, half a mile from Three 



Bridges, in Amwell township, Hunterdon county. He was natural- 
ized by act of the Legislature, Nov. 28, 1760. He was an energetic and 
successful physician, traversing a wide region of country. He died 
in 1767. His descendants generally write the najne Vescelius. 


Stephen Voorhees was b. In 1740, being a son of Isaac Voorhees (b. 
March 16, 1716), whose father, Jan Lucasse Van Voorhis, was b. at 
Flatlands, L. I., but removed to Six Mile Run, Somerset county, with 
three of his brothers— all sons of Lucas Stevense Van Voorhees — and 
all four of them were among the founders of the Six Mile-Run Dutch 
church In 1717. After graduating at Princeton College in 1765, Stephen 
studied theology and taught a classical school at Hackensack. from 
1766 until the fall of 1769, part of the time in association with brands 
Barber. In November, 1769, he started a grammar school in New York 
city. He was licensed by the General Meeting of Ministers and Klders 
of the Reformed Dutch Church, in 1772, and was ordained and settled at 
Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1773, where he remained until 1776. From 
1776 to 1784 he was pastor of the Reformed Dutch Church at Rhinebeck 
Flats, N. Y.; and from 1785 to 1788 at Philipsburg (Tarrytown) and 
Cortlandtown, New York. In 1792 he joined the Presbytery of New 
Brunswick, and preached as a supply at Kingston and Assunpink. New 
Jersey, until his death. November 23, 1796. He m. Blizabeth Clausen, 
b. 1749, d. Feb. 23, 1805. See The Van Voorhees Family, 358; Corwin'8 
Manuel of the Reformed Dutch Church; Our Home (Magazine), etc. 



Peter Ward was the son of Thomas Ward, an Irishman who settled 
near Long Pond (now Greenwood Lake) in the early part of the eigh- 
teenth century, where he was probably connected with the Iron Works, 
perhaps as manager of the store of the American Company. Peter, born 
in 1756, having married Nancy Mead, of Pompton. removed thither. — 
Ui8t. Bergen and Paaaaic Counties, 1882, 190. During the Revolution he 
served as Captain of light horse, Bergen County. — Stryker's Records of 
Officers and Men in the Revolutionary War, 1876, 416. Under an act of the 
Legislature, June 25, 1781, he was appointed recruiting officer for Bergen 
County. — lb., 47. Under a call for troops, Dec. 29, 1781, he was appointed 
Captain for Bergen County. — lb., 328. After the Revolution he bought, by 
deed dated July 2, 1784, from the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates, in 
Bergen County, a tract of one hundred acres of land, conflscate<J from 
Christian Pulllsfelt, who had been adjudged guilty of treason. —Berfyen 
County Deeds, F., 198. By deed dated July 16, 1784, he bought In the same 
manner the forfeited estate of Robert Drummond, of Acquackanonk, 
sixty- three acres in extent.— Bergen County Deeds, H., 43. These two 
farms lay at Campgaw, Franklin Township, Bergen County, and he 
occupied them thenceforth until his death.— Hi«<ory of Bergen and Pas- 
saic Counties, 190. He held many offices after the war: Chosen Free- 
holder from Franklin Township, 1788, 1792, 1793, 1796, 1797.— /&., 83. Judge 
of the Common Pleas, 1808.— J6., 83. He was a member of the Assem- 
bly from Bergen in 1792-3-4-6-7-8-9, 1800, 1801-2-4-5-9-10-11. and represented 
the county in the Council in ISO!.— Legislative Journals, passim. He died 
in 1812, aged flf tj -six years. He left children: Peter (who was a 
Brigade-Major in the War of 1812), John, Jane, Catharine, Thomas. 
James. William ai.d Mary.— fl^i«^ Bergen and Passaic Counties, 190.. 





John "Warden, of Shrewsbury, was a Coroner of Monmouth County 
In 1762, and in the same year was appointed one of the Common Plea& 
Judges of that county. At the beginning of the Revolution he arrayed 
himself on the British side, and was sent to New York. His lands 
were confiscated, and were advertised to be sold on March 29, 1779. 


Joseph Warrell was recommended, December 18, 1732, by Governor 
William Cosby, for a seat in the Council of New Jersey. "He was so 
well recommended to me by L»ord Malpas, before I left England, that 
there is little more for me to say in his behalf that since my acquaint- 
ance with him his behaviour has in every particular confirmed the 
character given by his Lord^ip, and one that I can answer for."— 
N. J. Archives, V., 324; y. Y. Col. Docs., V., 939-40. This appointment waj 
not made, but he received the office of Attorney General of New Jer- 
sey, which was probably more to his liking, August 28. 1733.— Boofc 
AAA of Commissions. The Lords of Trade again, Aug. 28 and Sept. 5, 1735, 
recommended Warrell' s appointment to the Council in place of James 
Alexander, he having been reported as "every way qualified to serve' 
His Majesty in that station."— :y. J. Archives, V., 410; iV. Y. Col. Docs., 
VI., 35-36. He was actually appointed, it seems, but apparently did not 
care enough for the unremunerative honor to go to the expense of 
taking out the warrant, which elicited an expression of annoyance 
from the authorities a year later.— JV. J, Archives, XI., 441; V., 454. On 
December 17, 1733, the Council of New York wrote to the Duke of New- 
castle that Lewis Morris had sent to represent him, "Joseph Warrell, 
Esq., a gentleman of the law and of very fair character."— :y. Y. Col. 
Docs., v., 981. He and William Cosby, of Amboy, and a number of oth- 
ers, petitioned the New York authorities, July 13, 1734, for 20,000 acres of 
land In the Mohawk country, and on October 4, 1734, a tract of 22,000 
acres was surveyed to them, known as "Cosby's Manor," In Herkimer 
and Oneida Counties.— Cal. N. Y. Land Papers, 210, 212, 1003. No record has 
been found of his origin, nor of his admission to the New Jersey bar, 
but in 1737 he was residing at Trenton.— A\ J. Archives, XI., 518. He was 
appointed, August 13, 1746, one of the quorum Justices of the Peace for 
Middlesex County.— /&., XIV., 464. In 1751 he was living at Bellvllle. 
near Trenton, and stated that he had lived there many years, and 
consequently could give a good character of Samuel Tucker, his neigh- 
bor, having known him since Tucker was a boy.— /6., VII., 613. He 
asked leave to resign, July 5, 1754, in order "to make his declining part 
of life comfortable." "The long Fatigue of upwards of twenty Years 
Service without any just Imputation of Failure in my Duty under the 
Disadvantage of too small a Support from the Assembly (& no likely 
hood of its increase) will plead for the Reasonableness of my Request 
to Your Excellency for a Quietus at my age."— /6., VIII., Part I., 293. 
A.S an officer of the Crown the Assembly was naturally averse to in- 
creasing his compensation, which stood at the not extravagant figure 
of £30 a year, payable quarterly. Besides, he prosecuted the pleas in 
the various counties, as far as practicable, for which he wtis paid the 
usual fees. His resignation was promptly accepted by Governor Bel- 
cher, and Courtlandt Skinner, whom he had recommendeii as his suc- 
cessor, was appointed ten days later. Joseph Warrell died in the sum- 
mer of 1758. Nevertheless, when George III. ascended the throne, a 
warrant was ordered, by the King in Council, for continuing In office 
the appointees of the late King. Including Joseph Warrell as Attorney 
General. This warrant was dated, appropriately enough, March 17 
(St. Patrick's day), 1761. The fact had been overlooked that Skinner 

309 xiv 



was still in the office, wlilch he retained until the Revolution. Mr. 
Warrell's wife was of the Bradshaw family, In England. He left two 

i. Joseph, who was manager of a lottery for the Trenton English 
and Grammar School, in 1753; was licensed as an attorney. May 13, 
1758; was Clerk of the Circuits, 1765-8, and died at Trenton, March 6, 
1775. His tombstone, in the E^rst Presbyterian churchyard, is thus 

"In the Memory of Joseph Warrell, Esq., who departed this life 
March 6th, 1775; aged 36 years. This stone is erected, not from pomp, 
or p-ageantry, but from true affection. 

"For other thoughts employ the widowed wife; 
The best of husbands, loved in private life. 
Bids her with tears to raise this humble stone. 
That holds his ashes, and expects her own." 

11. A daughter, who married Abraham Cottnam, a leading lawyer of 
Trenton. She had children: 1. Warrell Cottnam; 2. George Cottnam, 
licensed as an attorney. May, 1780; 3. Martha, m. Robert Hoops, who 
was a Malor in the American Army in the Revolution. 


John Watson, the first painter known to have settled in America, 
came from Scotland about 1716, and took up his residence at Perth 
Amboy. He returned to Europe, and brought thence to America a 
considerable collection of pictures, some of his own composition. So 
that "the first painter, and the first collection of paintings [in Amer- 
ica] of which we have any knowledge, were planted at Perth Amboy." 
Mr. Watson was so penurious that he was styled "the Miser of Perth 
Amboy," and besides was extremely irascible. He was unmarried, his 
family consisting of himself, a nephew, and a niece, for whom he had 
sent to Scotland soon after his establishment here. He died August 
22, 1768, aged 83 years, and is buried in the rear of St. Peter's church. 
What became of his paintings is not known. — Whitehead's Perth Amboy, 


James Watt was in 1770 ordained and installed pastor of the Presby- 
terian Church at Cape May, N. J., by the First Presbytery of Phila- 
delphia. He died November 19, 1798. Upon his tombstone we read, 
"If disinterested kindness, integrity, justice and truth deserve the 
tributary tear, here it is claimed." 


Benjamin Williams was a descendant of Matthew Williams, who 
was of Weathersfleld, Conn., In 1636, and whose son, Matthew, was born 
in 1652 or 1653. The latter was among the Branford colonists who agreed 
to settle in Newark, but he went to Long Island, and thence to Barba- 
doee, whence he was granted a ticket of migration to the Colonies, Jan. 
14, 1678. He was admitted to Newark as a planter in 1680. In 1686 he 
took up land near the mountain— now Orange— and there he died, Nov. 
12, 1732, in his eighty-first year. His oldest son, Amos Williams, lived 
on his father's place, and died there in 1754, aged 63 years. The oldest 
son of Amos was Benjamin, who is said to have been fourteen years old 
at his father's death. This must be an error, if he was the Benjamin 






Williams who in 1758 advertised a runaway negro servant. Benjamin, 
son of Amos, had a saw-mill, a cider mill and distillery, a tannery, cur- 
rying" shop and shoe sliop. He took a protection from the British when 
they marched throug-h Newark in December, 1776, and on Feb. 27, 1777, 
took the oath of allegiance to the King and joined the Royal militia in 
New York. He soon became dissatisfied, or was persuaded by his 
patriot cousin, Captain Thomas Williams, to forsake his new allies, 
for on August 4, 1777, he renounced allegiance to the King, and took 
the oath of fidelity to the State of New Jersey. Thereafter he was 
quiescent during the war, his sympathies with the British, while pru- 
dence bade him be loyal to the country. So many of his relatives were 
of his min<l that their neighborhood is to this day known as '*Tory 
Corner." He died in 1826.— TFicfces'a History of the Oranges, 50, 274, 308. 


Matthias Williamson was born about 1716, being the son of 
William Williamson, of Elizabethtown, who died Jan. 10, 1735. 
His mother was Margaret, daughter of Capt. Matthias DeHart; 
she married, second, William Chetwood, who kept a famous inn, 
known by "The Sign of the Nag's Head," in that ancient town, 
which she continued some years after his death, and as late as 1759. 
In that year Matthias lived near the tavern. He was Lieutenant of a 
company of cadets at Elizabethtown in 1740, and was High Sheriff of 
Essex County in 1757. In 1759 he was designated an alternate Pay- 
master of the New Jersey expedition against Canada. On Dec. 6, 
1774, he was selected by his fellow citizens to serve on the Committee 
of Correspondence for Elizabethtown. He was commissioned Colonel 
of a regiment of light horse, Oct. 27, 1775; Brigadier General of the 
New Jersey Militia, Sept. 6, 1776: Brigadier General commanding a 
brigade. State troops, Nov. 27, 1776, which last named commission he 
resigned, Feb. 6, 1777. He also served as Assistant Deputy Quarter- 
master General, as Assistant Quartermaster General, and as Quarter- 
master General. In all these various positions he rendered good ser- 
vice to the patriot cause during the Revolution. He was a vestryman 
of St. John's Episcopal Church in 1749, and was an active and liberal 
supporter of that church for many years. He married Susanna Hal- 
sted. His residence was some years ago occupied as the Union Hotel. 
He died at Elizabeth, Nov. 8, 1807, aged 91 years. He was the father 
of Isaac H. Williamson, who was Governor and Chancellor of New 
Jersey, 1817-1829, and who died July 10, 1844; the latter was the father 
of the late ex-Chancellor Benjamin Williamson. 

Mathias Williamson was a native of Elizabethtown, New Jersey. 
After graduating at Princeton College in 1770, he studied law, and was 
admitted to the Bar in November, 1774; but the war commencing, he 
became an officer in the Commissary department. He died in Eliza- 
bethtown in 1836, aged 84.— 2V^. J. Archives, XXVII., 268. 


James Witherspoon, a son of President WItherspoon, was a young 
man of great promise, who graduated at Princeton College in 1770. He 
joined the American army as aide to General Nash, and was killed at 
the battle of German town, October 4, 1111.— y. J. Archives, XXVII., 268. 




John Woodhull was born in Suffolk County, Liong Island. He studied 
theology with the Rev. John Blair, and was licensed by the Presbytery 
of New Castle in 1768. He settled at Leacock, Lancaster County, Penn> 
sylvania, where he was installed, August 1, 1770. Mr. Woodhull was a 
strenuous Whig, and while in this charge advocated the cause so elo- 
quently from the pulpit that he succeeded in enlisting as soldiers every 
male member of his congregation capable of bearing arms, he going 
with them as chaplain. In 1778 he succeeded the Rev. William Ten- 
nent at Freehold, New Jersey. During many years of his ministry he 
conducted a grammar school, and superintended the studies of young 
men preparing for the ministry. He was a Trustee of Princeton Col- 
lege for forty- four years. Mr. Woodhull received the degree of Doc- 
tor of Divinity from Yale in 1798. He died Nov. 22, 1824.— JJi«<. of Old 
Tcnnent Church, by Rev. P. R. Symmes, 1897; Funeral Sermon. 


Younglove is an unusual najne in Morris county. Israel (perhaps an 
error for Isaiah) Younglove is mentioned among the common pleas judges 
in 1760. Ezeklel Younglove, of Reddis Town, married Mary Lyon, .May 
16, 1746, and on presenting his child, Dorcas, for baptism, in the Morris- 
town church, Sept. 27, 1747, renewed his covenant as a member of the 

appear ir 
ified biog 

Abbott, 3 
Acton, 1] 
Adung ( 
Adams, { 
Alger, 4 
Allen ( 
Allen, 3 




















Ay Ilea 






Index to Names 

[The following index is to surnames only, except where Christian names 
appear in the titles to biogrraphies. The bold face type indicates the class- 
ified biographies, of which there are 224]. 

Aaronson, 87 

Abbott, 103 

Ackerman, 51, 98 

Acrelius, 73 

Acton, 118 

AdMns (John, of Salem) family, 1, 2 

Adams, 51, 105, 111 

Ainsley, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146 

Albertson, 149 

Alexander, 22, 137, 186, 209 

Alexander (Lord Stirling), 26 

A.lsrer 4 

Alien' (Rev. John of Woodbridge) 

family, 34 
Allen, 10, 12, 19, 46, 78, 113, 129 
Ailing, 76 

Allinson family, 5-12 
Allinson, 90, 191 
Allison family, 12-16 
Allison, 91, 98, 101, 165, 166 
Allston, 33 
Alsop, 10, 12 
Amberman, 199 
Ambler, 189 
Anderson, James, 18 
Anderson, 57, 129, 206 

Andersons (of Bergren Co.), family, 

Andrus, 129 

Anthony, 204 

Antili famUy, 18-22 

Antill, 167 

Antram, 41 

Antrobus, 190 

Arents, 50 

Armitage, 165 

Armstrong, 65, 140, 185 

Arnold (Col. Jacob), 22 

Arnold, 22, 68 

Arthur (Rev. Thomas), 22 

Ashfield, 120 

Assheton, 110 

Atkinson, 6, 7, 116, 189, 190 

Auckersz. 172 

Avise, 123 

Axford, 130, 131 

Avcritrfir 18 

Aynesley (William, Chief Justice), 
23, 24 

Aynsley, 168 

Ayres, 154 

Bacon, 8 
Bailey, 10 
Baily, 10 
Bainbridge, 201 

Baker, 54, 93, 176 

BfUdwin (Jonathan) and family, 24 

Baldwin, 33. 113, 123 

Bancroft, 137 

Banks, 172 

Barbarous, 38 

Barbaroux, 38, 91 

Barber (CoL Francis) and family, 24, 

Barber, 208 
Barclay, 154 
Bard, Samuel, 25 
Bard, 13, 115, 204 
Barnes, 80, 129, 130, 206 
Barrett, 21 
Barton, 77 

Bartow (Thomas, 1st and 2d), 26 
Basse, 78, 125 
Bus sett, 192 
Bates, 27 
Baxter, 3 
Bayard, 151, 207 
Baynton, 66 

Beach (Rev. Abraham), 26 
Beach, 50, 76 
Beakes family, 27 
Beaks, 56 
Bearcroft, 166 
Bears 114 

Beatty (Rev. Charles), 27, 28 
Beatty, John, 28 
Bedford, 76 
Beekman, 50, 177 
Beere, 63 
Belcher, 34, 43, 86 
Belerjeau, 129 
Bell, 21, 201 
Bellerjeau, 131 
Belleville, 57 
Bellomont, 109 
Belville, 131 
Benezet, 26 
Bennett, 45 
Bergen, 130 
Bernard, 23, 36, 142, 143, 144, 145, 147, 

Berrien family, 28, 29 
Berrien, 100 
Berry, 17 
Bertant, 26 
Bertholf, 51 
Bertie, 152 
Bice, 50 
Bickley, 21, 189 
Bigelow, 75 
Biles, 49, 69 
Billing, 61 
Bills, 44 
Bingham, 61 
Bioren, 116 



Bishop, 8, U, 90 

Bispham, 6, 191 

Black, 13. 46 

BlMkwdl, Bobort, 29 

Blackwell, 6 

BbOr, Bmv. Samael, 29 

Blair, 94, 124, 212 

Blake, 79, 152 

BUmcluird family, 29-32 

Blauchard, 51, 77 

Blatchley, 98 

Btoomlleld famUjr, 32-36 

Bloomlleld, Joseph, 36-40 

Bloomfleld, 104, 140, 187 

Boa, 123 

Bogert, 16, 17 

Boltoo, 189 

Bong, 122, 123 

Boogaert, 51, 184 

Bonin, 204 

Bonnel, 51 

Boone, 141, 144, 147, 166 

Borden family, 40-49 

Borden, 134, 165 

Bott, WilHam, 49 

Boodinot, Elias, 49 

Boadinot, 28, 55, 58, 59, 109, 199, 201 

Bound, 3 

Bowlby, 80, 81 

Bowne, 169 

Boyd, 10, 11, 12, 108 

Boyer, 98 

Bozworth, 45 

Braddock, 15 

Bradford, William, 49 

Bradford, 23, 56 

Bradsbaw, 78, 210 

Brainerd, 28, 201 

Braisier, Francis, 50 

Brearley, 78 

Brearly, 136 

Breyant, Cornells, 50, 51 

Brian, 59, 60, 176 

Brian t, 59 

Brick, 138 

Bright, 183 

Brinks, 5 

Brinton, 89 

Britain, 150 

Britten, 5 

Britton, 117 

Britz, 150 

Broad bent, 9 

Broad hurst, 206 

Brodhead, 185 

Brourfaton, John, 52 

Brown, Rev. Isaac, 52 

Brown, 4, 19, 67, 156 

Bruen, 161 

Bryan, 50 

Bryant famUy, 52-60 

Bryant. 117, 119, 164 

Budd (Rev. Thomas) and family, 60- 

Budd (John) and family, 67, 68 
Budd, 41, 188, 189 
Bullus, 39 
Burd, 87 
Burge, 129 
Burgin, 141 
Burnet, 152 
Burr, Aaron, 68, 69 
Burr, 37, 49, 116 
Burrowes, 14 

Bustill, 189 

Batcher, 140 

Butler, 14 

Butterworth, 48 

Byard, 130 

^les. Major Thomas lAnshone, 69 

Byilinge, 64, 82 

Cadberry, 10 

Cadmus, 31, 191 

Cadwalader, 66, 58. 78, 129 

Cadwallader, 69, 132, 179 

Cairncross, 186 

CaldweU, 16. U4 

Callender, 22 

Campbell <BeT. Colin) and family, 

69, 70 
Campbell, 19, 115 
Camptone, 4 
Carey, 88 
Carl, 51, 52 
Carleton, 86 
Carman, 36 
Carmichael, 206 
Carr, 125 
Carter, 154 
Carteret, 200 
Case, 80 
Castner, 166 
Chambers (Alexander) and family* 

Chambers, 79, 94 
ChamniSj 63 
Champante, 109 
CThampion, 190 
Champneys, 2 
Chandler, 49, 77, 166, 167 
Chapman, 39, 100, 129, 130 
Charles, 65 
Chattln, 9, 10 

Chetwood, 16, 25, 32, 49, 211 
Chew, 6 
Childs, 102 
Christian, 20 
CThurch, 88 

Clark, 6, 9. 10, 71. 93, 98, 136, 191, 198 
Clarke, 206 
Clarkson, 93, 186 
Clausen, 208 
Clay 73 

Clayton, 41, 46, 125. 129 
Clements. 102 
Clinton, 27 
Close, 171 
Clothier, 5, 6, 191 
Clnnn, Capt. John, 71, 72 
Clunn, 57 
Coates, 206 

Cochran, Dr. John, 72 
Cochran, 172 
Cocker, 75 
Coe, 179 
Coelbach, 94 
Coeyman, 51 
Coleman, 52 
Colburn, 39 

Colden, 18, 19, 20, 53, 111 
Cole, 187 
Collas, 122 
Colles, 22 

Collin, Rev. NichoUs, 72-74 
Collings, 13 

("ollins, 8, 62, 64, 65, 104, 108, 176 
Colton, 90, 92 



Conaroe, 103 

Condit, 76 

Conkllng, 67 

Conover, 44 

Cook family, 74-77 

Cook, 42, 47, 166 

Cooke, BeT. Samuel, 77 

Cooper, 6, 8, 10, 75, 77, 128, 138 

Cornbury, 42, 109 

Comelious, 120 

Corson, 66 

Cortselius, 93 

Cosby, 83, 209 

Cottnam, Abraham, 78 

Cottnam, 80, 81, 130, 182, 2ia 

Coursier, 29 

Cousens, 11 

Coven hoveu, 198 

Cowell family, 79-81 

Cox, 56, 58, 59, 102 

Coxe, Daniel, 1st, 8d, 8d, 4tli and ffth, 

Coxe, WlUlam, 92 
Coxe, 13, 37, 38, 39, 43, 63, 78, 108, 

132, 175, 189, 207 
Cozzens, 25 
Crage, 71 
Craige, 108 
Cramer, 202 

Crane (Benjamin) and family, 93 
Crawford, 152 
Crips, 61, 62 
Crispin, 190 
Croes, 16, 73 
Crolius famUy, 93, 94 
Crosby, 189 
Crosse, 41 

Cmnminfr* Bev. Alexander, 94 
Cnmmingr, John Noble, 95^ 96 
Camming, 22 
Cummings, 110 
Cummins, 57, 129, 204 
Cuthbert, 199 
Cuyler, 11 


Dally, 122 

Darby, 30 

Darcy, 76 

DavMiport, Rev. John, 96 

Davenport, 160, 190, 195 

Davidson, 105 

Davies, 21 

Davis, 109, 112, 130, 171, 192 

Day, 195 

Dayton, 136 

Dean, 54 

Deane, 58, 59 

Deare, 53. 98, 119 

de Bass, 35 

DeBow, 47 

Decline, 129 

DeCou, 129, 130, 131 

DeCow, 10, 57 

DeHart, 211 

Demarest, 16, 17 

Demoney, 51 

Dennis, 3, 4, 40, 98 

Dennison, 47 

Denys, 181 

DePeyster, 179 

Derjee, 31 

DeVaucelles, 38, 91 

Devens, Richard, 96 

DeWltt, Rev. Peter, 96 

DeWitt, 77 
Dey, 30 
Dickason, 42 
Dickerson, 139, 164 
Dickinson, 137 
Dill, 98 
Dillwyn, 195 
Dimsdale, 189 
Dixon, 30, 58, 75 
Dobbins, 7 
Dole, 149 
Donaldson, 149 
Donington. 77 
Donop, 157 
Douglass. 46 
Dove, 207 
Drake, 180 
Drummond, 208 
Dubois, 185 
Duflield, 58, 59 
Dugdale. 8 
Duke, 118 
Dunham, 33 
Dunlap, 107, 124 
Dunn, 98 
Durlandt, 18 
du Simltlere, 56 
Dutton, 11, 90 
Duyckinck, 157 


Eakln, Rev. Samuel, 97 

Earl, 6, 52, 61, 190 

Earle, 41, 178 

Earn, 191 

Eastbum family, 97-99 

Raton family, 99, 100 

Eaton, Rev. Isaac, 100 

Eaton, 28, 192 

Eckley, 82, 86 

Edsall, 28 

Edwards, 15, 44, 47, 64, 68, 150 

Eerl, 178 

Eggers, 11 

Einley, 189 

Eldridge, 62 

EUis famUy, 101-105 

Ellis, 13, 14, 37, 39, 62, 90, 181 

Ellison, 4, 20 

Elmer, 25 

Ellsworth, 171 

Ely, 58, 75, 129 

Emlen, 81, 195 

Eoff, Jacob, 105 

Eoff, 150 

Erichzon, 177 

Ersklne, Capt. Robert, 105 

Erwin, 46 

Estaugh, 149 

Etsels, 200 

Evans, Rev. Nathaniel, 106, 107 

Evans, 98, 137, 139 

Ewinir family, 108 

Bwing, 131 

Eyre, 70 


Farre, 62 

Fauconler (Peter) and family, 108- 

Fauconler, 204 
Faulkner, 179 



Feavor, 53 

1 ell (John) and famUy, 110, 111 

Fell. 173, 174, 186 

Fenimore, 12, 189, 190 

Feunimore, 103 

Fenton, 189 

Fenwick, 1, 2, 62, 118 

Field, 126, 199, 202 

Finley, 184 

Finney, 165, 166 

Fisclier, 169 

Fisher, Hendrick, 111, 112 

Fisher, 47, 79, 181 

Fithian, Philip Vicars, 112 

Fitzgerald, 69 

Fitz Randolph, 3, 4, 33, 125 

Flaningam, 138 

Fogg, 3 

Foote, 19^ 21 

Footman, 87 

Force, 87 

Ford, Jacob, 1st and 2d, 112, 113 

Ford, 18, 22, 37, 46, 114, 203 

Forman, 122, 137, 160 

Forrest, 149 

Fortescue, 185 

Foster, Ebeneser, 113, 114 

Foster, 11, 12 

I^'owle, 40, 42 

Fowler. 68 

Fox, 125 

Francis, 87 

Franklin, 34, 46, 84, 92, 103, 113, 127, 

150, 158, 175 
Fraser, Geor^re, Jr., 114 
Fraser, 132 
Frazee, 32 

Frazer, Rev. William, 116 
Frazer, 70 
Freeman, 112 

FrellDgrhuysen, Gen. Fredericlc, 116 
Fresneau, 109 
Furgrler, Francis, 116, 116 
Fnnnan, Moore, 116 
Furman, 86 


Gage. 151, 152 

Gallatin, 111 

Galloway, 84 

Gano, 117 

Garbett, 206 

Gardiner, 45, 102 

Gardner, 62 

Garring, 31 

Garrison, 169 

Ga skill, 6 

Ganthier, 29, 30 

Gemeaux (Francis) and family, 117 

Gibbon family, 118 

Gibbon, 187 

Gibbs, 170 

Giffard. 32 

Gilberthorpe, 27 

Giles, 33, 35, 37 

Gill. 123 

Ginis, 176 

Githens. 6 

Glenn, 137 

Goelet, Francis, 119 

Goetschius. 184 

Goodwin, 81 

Gordon, Andrew, 120 

Gordon, liCwis, 120 

Gordon, Peter, 120, 121 

Gordon, 22, 79 

Gosling, 62, 66 

Gould, 2, 118 

Gouvernenr, 151, 178 

Graham, 62, 166 

Gray, Capt. James, 121 

Greasy, 3 

Green, Rev. Enoch, 121, 122 

Green, 58, 208, 206 

Gregory, 76 

Griffith, 1, 9, 37, 90, 91 

Griggs, 119 

Griscom, 149 

Griswould, 74 

Groome, 63 

Grover, 40, 41, 42, 44, 46, 46 

Grubb, 63 

Guest famUy, 122, 123 

Gum mere, 126 

Gutridge, 178 

Guyot, 140 


. Hacket, 14 
Haines, 11, 171 
Hains, 60 
Hales, 77 

Hall, 14, 63. 80, 107, 122 
Halsey, 77, 93 
Halstead, 15, 31, 32 
Halsted, Dr. Robert, 123, 124 
Halsted, 211 

Hamilton, 24, 37, 43, 69, 82 
Hampton, 32, 138, 141 
Hance, 35, 42, 46, 47, 49 
Hancock, 62, 118 
Hankinson. 129 
Hanlon, 130 
Harding, 61 
Hardy, 149, 166 
Haring, 16 

Marker, Rev. Samuel, 124, 125 
Harriman, 30 
Harriot, 63 
Harris, 40, 94 

Harrison, 13, 34, 46, 63, 83, 176 
Harrow, 86 
Hart, 67, 100, 176, 206 
Hartshorne family, 125, 126 
Hartshorne, 156, 157, 158, 169, 18S 
Harvey, 1^ 
Haslehurst, 189 
Hatfield, 25. 171, 199 
Hawkins, 46 
Haws, 79 
Hay, 60 

Heard, Gen. Nathaniel, 126-128 
Heard, 4 

Heaton, Rev. Sfunuel, 128 
Hebbard, 7 
Hebron, 155 
Hedden, 95, 114 
Hedge, 2, 118 

Henderson, Dr. Thomas, 128 
Henderson, 201 
Henry, Samuel. 128-131 
Henry, 182, 183 
Herriot, 128 
Herriott, 35, 159 
Hervey, 21 
TTeulings. 13, 102, 103 
Hewitt, 106 
Hewlings, 5, 11, 103, 104 



Higbee, 182 

Hlgbie, 184 

Hignett, 11 

Hill, 63, 149 

Hiltzhlmer, 115 

Himroth, 162 

Hinchman, 10, 102, 149, 179 

Hoagland, 171 

Hoagland, (see Hooglandt) 

Hodge, 140 

Hoffman, 22, 150 

Holllday, 55 

Hollingshead, 175 

Hollinshead, 102, 103, 191 

Holme, 207 

Holmes, 5, 41 

Home, Archibald, 131-133 

Hoogrlandt, Christopher, 133 

Hooper, 56, 78, 86, 130, 132. 141, 159, 

Hoops, 78, 81, 210 
Hooten, 57 
Hcoton, 13 
Hopkins, 176 

Hopkinson, Francis, 133, 134 
Hopkinson. 48 
Horner, 190 
Horton, Azarlah, 135 
Horton, 67, 154 
Hoskins, 5, 103 
Houdin, Rev. Michael, 135 
Hoult, 62 
Honston (William Churchill) and 

family, 135-137 
Houston, 131 
How, 101 
Howe, 46, 85, 104 
Howell, David. 138 
Howell. 120, 130, 131, 154, 163 
Hude, 5 
Huffe, 62 

Hugrs, Joseph, Ist, 13S 
Husff, William, 138 
Hugg, 176 
Huffhes, John, 139 
Hughes, 8, 11 
Hulet, 169 
Humphreys, 37, 100 
Humphries, 191 
Hunloke. 21, 82 
Hunt, Abrahfun, 139 
Hunt, 15, 49, 57, 58, 116, 117, 130, 131 
Hunter, Michael, 141 
Hunter, Rev. Samuel, 1st and 2d, 139- 

Hunter, 13. 83, 109, 112, 120, 199 
Hurley, 138 
Hutcheson, 62 
Hutchinson, 13, 49 

Tmlay, 77 
Ingersoll, 174 
Tnskeep, 33 
Tnslee, 130 
Ivins, 103 

Jackson, Rev. Wllhelmus, 141 

James, 184 
Janeway, 94 
Janse, 172 
Jaquett, 73 ' 

Jay, 68, 186 

Jefferson, 37, 69 

Jelf. Joseph, Ist and 2d, 141 

Jenings, 60, 62, 64 

Jenkins, 155 

Jenny, 110 

Jervis, 36 

Jobs, 98 

Johnes, 113 

Johnson, 2, 18, 93, 102, 118, 131, 133. 

151, 161, 176 
Johnston, 31, 68, 105, 165, 160 
Joiine, 98 
Jones, Chief Justice Nathaniel, 140- 

Jones, 2, 15, 76, 81, 97, 98, 100, 130, 

168, 197 
Joy, 191 

Kaiffhn family, 149 

Kais, ReT. John WilUam, 149 

Katts, 123 

Kearny, Michael, 150 

Kearny, 53, 56, 77, 159 

Keen, Mounce (Moses), 150 

Keen, 157 • 

Keith, 64, 65 

Kelly, 66 

Kemble family, 150-152 

Kemble, 119 

Kempe. 84, 87, 88 

Kennard, 138 

Kennedy, Archibald, 1st and 2d, 17)2 

Kennedy, Rev. Samuel, 153, 154 
Kennedy. 121, 201 
Kenney, 22 
Kenny, 203 

Ker, Rev. Nathan, 154 
Keteltas, Rev. Abraham, 154 
Kewman, 51 
Keyt, 93 
Kidd, 43 
Kierstead, 109 
King, Constant, 154 
King, 8, 12, 93 
Kinney, 22 
Kinsey, 7. 62, 83, 87 
Kip, 50, 178. 191 
Kirberger, 162 
Kirkpatrick, 165 
Kltchel, 76 
Kitchen, 113 
Klein, 162 
Kuyper, 50 

Lack 94 

liadd, John, Ist and 2d, 154, 155 

Ladd, 102 

Lambert, 56 

liane, Henry, 155 

Langhorne, 69 

La n setter, 20 

Laurens. 176 

liaurie, Thomas, 155 

Laurie, 61 

liawrence family, 156-159 

Lawrence, 6, 7, 45, 46, 103, 122, 125 

170, 183 
Lawrie, 46, 59 
Layton, 11 



Leacb, 21 

Leaver, 9, 10 

Letiycraft, 191 

LeConte, 100, 158 

Ledden, 130, 131 

Lee T8 

r.«ecl8, 56, 60, 66 

Lefferty (Bryan) and family, 150, 160 

Legrange, 50 

Lefiman, 64 

Leonard, Thomas, 160 

Leonard, 3, 77, 112, 170 

Leslie, 53, 162, 202 

Lester, 178 

Levis, 46, 47 

Levlston, 129 

Lewis, 10, 12 

Lipplucott, 47, 60, 77, 190, 195 

Little, 39 

Livingston, CoL WlUiam Smitli, 160 

Livingston, 49, 55, 50, 96, 136, 198 

Lloyd, 46, 47 

Lobb, 56 

Locb, 94 

Lock, 94 

Logan, 11, 165, 193, 194, 195 

Long, 62 

Longwortli, Isaac, 160, 161 

Longworth, Tliomas^ 160, 161 

Longwortb, 172 

Looser, 3 

Lord, 123 

Losler, 16 

Louden, 87 

Loudon, 135, 193 

Lovelace, 83 

Lowry, 131 

Lucas, 61, 138 

Lues, 189 

Lupton, 98 

Lyon, Rev. James, 161 

Lyon, Capt. Josepli, 161, 162 

Lyon, 68, 212 


Macpberson, 20, 28 

Macquarie, 19 

Macwborter, 95 

Madison, 135 

Maboult, 29, 30 

Malcolm, 133 

Mandevllle, 31 

Manely, 94 

Manley, 94 

Mannlngton, 87 

Marriott. 13 

Marscbalk, 111 

Marselis, 167 

Marsh, 31, 36, 203 

Martin, 69, 129, 171 

Maskell, 108 

Mason, 149 

Mathls. 71 

Matlack, 8 

Mattlson. 77 

Mattox, 41 

Maxwell, Gen. WilUam, 162-164 

McAdam. 30 

McCain famUy, 164, 165 

McOall, 88, 152 

McCrea, 159 

McDonald, 159 

McEowen (Daniel) and family, 165 

McGee, 14 

Mcllvaine, 36, 37, 89, 87, 90 

Mclntosb, 111 

McKean family, 164, 165 

McKean, Ber. Bol>ert, 166, 167 

McKean, 23, 48 

McMurtrie, 90 

Mead, 31, 208 

Meet, 31 

Megbee, 14 

Melick (see Moelicb) 

Mellon, 46 

Merry, 76 

Mersellis, Peter, 167 

Mersereau, 35 

Metcalt, 98 

Meyer, 207 

Meyers, 93 

Mickle, 176 

Middagb, 133, 178 

Mlddah, 52 

Mlddleton, 46, 108 

Milbonrn, 61 

Millau, 202 

MiUer, Bbeaeser, 167, 168 

Miller, Paul, 168 

Miller, 27, 74, 76, 77, 116 

Mills, 30. 123 

MUnor, 183 

Mitcbell, 81 

Mode, 207 

MoeUch, John, 162 

Mrggridge. 19 

Monroe, 10 

Monrow, 191 

Monslur, 62 

Montgomery, 100 

Montressor, 127 

Moore, 3, 20, 120 

Morey, 14 

Morgan, Abel, 124 

Morgan, 27, 98 

Morris, Robert Hunter, Chief Justice, 

Morris, 18, 23, 27, 32, 68. 64. 76, 77, 86. 

132, 141, 142, 143. 146, 147, 148, 160, 

167, 177, 182, 200 
Morss, 31 

Morton, Rev. Andrew, 169 
Morton, 74 
Mott, WUllam, 169 
Mount, 77 

Monntere (Montler) William, 170 
Mowbray, 7 . 
Mulford, 187 
Mnlladay, 14 
Mulock, 176 
Munroe, 103 
Murrell, 103 
Murrow, 68 
Myer, 17, 205 


Nagel, 17 

Nasb, 211 

Neal, 34 

Nenle, 10 

Nefle, 98 

Nellson, James, 170 

Nellson, 98, 119. 136, 199 

Nevill, 62, 145, 146, 148, 168 

Newell, Dr. James, 170 

Newell, 157, 158, 1(59 

Nlccols, 67 

Nicbolson, 9, 10 



Nicoll, 7 

Nixon, 14, 22, 122 
Noble, 95, 201 
Noe, 98 
North, 26 
Nutman, 203 
Nyberg, 54 

Oake, 172 

Obin, 59 

Odell, 157 

Ogborne, 189, 190 

Offden, Rev. John Cosins, 170 

Ogrden* Jonathan, 170 

Offden, Robert, 8d. 171 

Osrden, Uzal, 171, 172 

Ogden. 25, 33, 34, 52, 67, 119, 123, 145, 

146, 160, 161, 197, 203 
Ogle, 152 

Oglebee, 129, 130, 131 
Olive. 61 
Orr, 105 
Orseltie, 200 
Osborn, 93 
Ouke, WiUiam, 172 
Outhout, 59 
Outwater, 184 
Ovin, 3 
Oweln, 189 
Owen, 99, 190 

Page, 9 

Paget, 108 

Palmer, 68 

Parke, 81 

Parker, James, 173, 174 

Parker, 3, 9, 46, 47, 110, 120, 128, 186 

Parkinson, 59 

Parrish, 92 

Parrott, 75, 151 

Parsell, 98 

Parsons, 17, 108 

Paten, 37 

Paterson, William, 174 

Paterson, 136, 171 

Paton, 33, 37 

Patterson, 86 

Pattison, 126 

Paul, 176 

Paulding. 151 

Paxon, 206 

Paxson, 6, 191 

Paxton, 57 

Peachy, 61 

Pearce, 78, 138 

Peek, 16 

Peer, 75 

Peirce, 78 

Pemberton, Ebeneser, 174 

Pemberton, 94 

Penier, 165 

Penn, 2, 22, 53, 61, 62, 155, 168, 197 

Pennington, 172 

Pen yea, 129 

Peream, 135 

Perkins. 60, 75, 103 

Perry, 7 

Pettet, 177 

Pettit, Charles, 174 

Pettit, 116 

Pew, 46 

Philips, 129, 130, 131. 137 

PhilUps, Bphralm. 174 

Phyle, Francis, 115, 116 

Physick, 92 

Pickmau, 2 

Plcton, 140 

PIdgreon, WUUam, 174, 175 

Pidgeon, 58, 78, 84 

Pierson, 76 

Pike, 3, 38 

Pinkerton, 57, 58 

Pitney, 206 

Plasket, 58 

Plaskett, 57 

Piatt, 171 

Plumb, 76 

Pockley, 19, 20 

Polk, 94 

Pool, 98 

Porter. 62 

Post, 18 

Potter, 195 

Potts, 27, 45, 46, 91 

Powell, 4, 133 

Powelson, 200 

Price, Robert Friend, 175, 176 

Price, 37 

Probasco, 98 

Provoost family, 176-178 

Provoost, 20 

Pugh, 11 

Pullisfelt, 208 

Purdy, 68 

Purple, 20 

Putnam, 199 

Quackenbos, 16 


Rail, 57 

Ramsay, Col. Nathaniel, 178 

Ramsay, 133 

Ramsey, 122 

Randolph, 93 

Rapalye, Garret, 178-181 

Raper, 60 

Ravensworth, 23 

Rawle, 41 

Read, 102, 116, 133, 134, 145, 146, 151 

193, 197 
Readlnir» Georire, 181 
Reading^ Thomas, 181 
Reading, 28, 37, 63, 102, 187 
Redford, 155 
Redman^ 84, 91 
Reed, Andrew, 182 
Reed, 18, 86, 116, 197 
Reemer, George, 182 
Reeve, 171, 174 
Reid, 18, 26 
Reidford, 120 
Reinder, 177 
Remer, 165 
Remington, 187 
Remmi, 93 
Remsen, 22 
Renshawe, 189 
Reynolds, John, 182, 183 
Rezeau, 29, 31 
Rhea, 120 
Rhind, 111 
Richards, 77 



KicbardsoD, 41, 100 
Richbell, 169 
Klche, 87, 182 
R&chman, John, 183 
Richmond, Jonathan, 183 
Ricky, 130 
Ridden, 140 
Ridgeway, 197 

Rid g way, 191 
Riggs, 172 

RobbiDS, 11, 46 

Roberdes, l75 

Roberts, 123 

Robertson, 110 

Robeson, 68, 163, 164 

Robins, 77 

Rodgers, 202 

Rodman, 66, 103 

Roe, 175 

Rogers, 46, 47, 48, 90 

Rolf, 4 

Roll, 93 

Romeyn, ReT. Dirck, 184 

RoHbrouck (Rosbrouffh), R«v. John, 

Ross, 21 
Rossell, 26^ 27 
Rousby, lo5 
Rowland, 201 
Runyon, 52, 98 
Rush, 28, 199 
Rutau, 51 

Rutherford, Robert, 185 
Rutherford, 110 
Rutherfurd, Major Walter, 186 
Rutherfurd, 173, 174 
Ryerson, Marten, 187 
Ryerson, 181 
Rynders, 177, 178 


Sackett family, 187 

Salnave, 122 

Saltar, 145, 148 

Sandiland, 66 

Sanford, 93 

Saunders, 5 

Sawyer, 68, 181 

Sayre family, 187 

Sayre, 16, 77, 87 

Scattergood, Joseph, 187, 188 

Scattergood, 5 

Schank, 202 

Schenck, Rev. William, 188 

Schenck, 95 

SchlatteB, 149 

Schouten, 187 

Schut, 17(5 

Schuyler, 25, 30, 32, 72, 110, 122, 152, 

Scott, 44, 98 
Scriba, 39 
Scudder, 54, 93, 128 
Seabrook, 46 
Seabury, 70, 170 
Searson, 62 
Seeley, 150 
Sellers, 122 
Sergeant, 24, 137 
Severns, 129 
Shard, 185 
Sharp, Isaac, 188 
Sharp, 101, 123 
Sharpe, 82 

Shaw, 30, 103 

Shawthoroe, 190 

Shevileer, 138 

Shinn, John, 188-191 

Sbinn, 6, 65 

Shippen, 50, 90 

Shirley, 168 

Shotwell. 114 

Shreve, 13, 16 

Simmons, Peter, 191, 192 

Simpson, Rev. John, 192 

Sinclair, Col. Sir John, 192 

Sine, 68 

Skene, 189 

Sklllman, Rev. Isaac, 192 

Skinner, Major John, 193 

Skinner, 36, 88, 152, 173, 209 

Sly, 114 

Small, 15 

Smith, John, 193, 194 

Smith, Rev. Samuel Stanhope, 194, 

Smith, Sarah Ijogmn, 195 
Smith, 4, 5. 6, 8, 11, 13, 23, 54, 65, 56, 

58, 59. 60, 70, 75, 78, 89, 90, 98, 103, 

106, 119, 129, 131, 137, 143, 168. 176, 

181, 182, 206 

Smyth, 131 

Snow, 57 

Snowden, 12, 13, 14, 71 

Somers, 137 

Son mans, 109 

Southard, 154 

Sower, 84 

Spangenburg, 53 

Spencer, 15, 16, 40, 58, 79, 100, 129, 

Spioer, Thomas, 195 
Spinning, 16 
Squire, 75 

Stacy, 27, 62, 183, 189 
Stelle, Benjamin. 196 
Stelle, Pontius, 196 
Stelle, 99 
Stephens, 77 
Steuart, 169 
Steuben, 25 
Stevens, 186. 206 
Steward, 159, 190 
Stiles, 31 
Stille. 57, 123 
Stinson, 15 

Stirling (Lord), 186, 203 
Stites, 117 

Stockton, John, 196, 197 
Stockton, Richard, 197-199 
Stockton, Richard V., 199 
Stockton, Samuel Witham, 199 
Stockton, 7, 87, 90, 95, 136, 139, 140. 

171, 190 
Stokes, 95 
Story, 71 
Stotesbury, 139 
Stout, 14, 15, 43, 46, 101, 156 
Stouten burg, 176 
Strahan, 107 
Strang, 68 
Stratton, 74 
Streit, 200 
Streydt, 200 
Strickland, 77 
Strong, 17 

Struyt, Christian, 200 
Stryker, 28, 111 
Stuart, 16, 62, 168 




SulUvan, 25 
Sutphen, 204 
Sutton, 12 
Sweetman, 104 

Talbot, 78 

Tappan, 75 

Taturn, 10, 12 

Taylor, Matthew, 200 

Taylor, 15, 98, 125, 200 

Teller, 133 

Tellet, 133 

Templer, 192 

Tennent, Rev. WiUiam, 201, 202 

Tennent, Bev. William Ifackay, 202 

Teunent, 27, 49, 87, 94, 95, 97, 212 

Terhune, 18, 51, 184 

Terrick, 29, 107 

Terrill, Bphraim, 202 

Terrill, 31 

Terrltt, 13 

Terry, 128 

Thomas, 90, 102 

Thompson, James, 202 

Thompson, 71, 72, 76, 77, 93, 111, 158 

Thomson, William, 202 

Thomson, 5, 190 

Thorne, 114, 175 

Tiler, 46 

Tilghman, 87 

Tilton, 44, 45, 47, 126, 196 

Tole, 100 

Tomkin, 104 

Tooker, Charles, 203 

Tooley, 46 

Towle, 62 

Treat, 104 

Trent, 27, 182, 183 

Trimble, 19 . 

Truxton, 36 

Tucker, 7, 44, 56, 78, 112, 157, 182, 183, 

Tuckneys, 13 
Tuite, 151 
Turbutt, 87 
TuthiU, Samuel, 203 
Tuthill, 22 

Tuttle, ReT. James, 203, 204 
Tuttle, 128, 179 
Tyler, 187 
Tymens, 178 


Underbill, 67 

Valieau, Peter, 204 

Valleau, 29, 109 

Van Artsdalen, Bev. Jacob, 204 

Van Boskerck, Lourens Andriessen, 

204, 205 
Van Brugh, 95 

Van Bunschooten, Rev. EUas, 205 
Van Buskirk, 110, 204 
Van Campen, 159 
Van Cleve, Benjamin, 205, 206 
Van Cleve, 122, 137 
Van Cortlandt, 140, 151 
Vanderoif, 51 

Van Derveer, Dr. Lawrence, 206 
Van Derveer, 200 

Van der Vorst, 207 

Vandewater, 93, 177 

Van Dlen, 177 

Van Duyu, 50 

Van Echtsveen, 176 

Van Exveen, 176 

Van Gijsse, 50 

Van Hook, 95 

Van Hoorn, 16 

Vanhorn, Bev. Peter Peterson, 206, 

Vanhorn, 92, 192 

Van Home, Jacobus (James), 207 
Van Home, 20 
Van Imburgh, 177 
Van Inburgn, 176 
Van Meter family, 207 
Van Nuyse, 172 
Van Wagoner, 21 
Van Winckei, 51 
Van Winkle, 27, 31 
Van Wyck, 178 
Van Zandt, 110, 174, 186 
Varick, 30 
Verbrugge, 176 
Vergereau, 49, 50 
Vescelius (see Vierselius) 
Vial, 98 
Vicars, 41, 42 

Vierselius, Dr. Georire Andrew, 207 
Vincent, 29 
Von Kirk, 120 

Voorhees, Bev. Stephen, 208 
Voorhees, 98 
Voorheis, 120 
Vorhize, 172 
Vreelandt, 184 


Waddell, 158 
Waldron, 60 
Walker, 4, 5, 114 
Wall, 33, 35 
Walton, 103. 117, 154 
Wanton, 10() 
Ward, Peter, 208 
Ward, 17, 34, 76, 77 
WardeU, John, 209 
Warden. 99 
Ware, 123 
Warner, 62 

Warrell, Joseph, 209, 210 
Warrell, 78 
Warren, 152 

Washington, 22, 25, 30, 127, 140, 158 
Wasse. 63 
Waternouse, 53 
Watkin, 2 
Watley, 184 
Watson, John. 210 
Watson, 48, 56, 90 
Watt, Bev. James, 210 
Watts, 55, 153 
Wattson, 53 
Weatherby, 118 
Webb, 166 
Webley, 44 
Wells, 16, 98 
Welsh, 11 
Wenem, 51 
West, 6, 138 
Westcoat, 138 
Westerveld, 51 
Westervelt, 52, 176, 178, 102 



Wetberell, 5 

Weygand, 200 

Wharton, 60 

Wheat, 5 

Wheate, 100 

Wheeler 76 

White, ii, 45, 47, 56, 114, 116, 125 

Whitefleld. 07 

Whitehead. 55, 150 

Whlttier, 11 

Wickersham, 02 

Wickes, 35 

Wicsell, 72 

Wlddlfleld. 7 

Wiegins, 87 

Wilcocks, 04 

Wiley, 123 

Wilkins, 176, 181 

Willard, 105 

WIlliMns, BmjMain, 210, 211 

WilUams, 40, 75, 78, 184 

WiiUMnMn, Gen. MmtthUut, 211 

Williamson, 08 

Wills, 10, 61, 176 

Wilson, 50 

Wilston, 100 

Winans, 76 

Wing, 00 

Winne, 51 

WitherspooB, James, 211 

Witherspoon, 50, 136, 105, 107 

Woglaam, 184 

Wolfe, 135 

Wood, 35, 171 

Woodhull, BeT. John, 212 

Woodhull, 171 

Wood roof, 41 

Woodruif, 54, 55, 58, 03, 141 

Woodward, 43, 103 

Wooley, 44, 71, 184 

Woolley, 46, 47 

Woolman, 101 

Woolston, 61 

Worrington, 103 

Wortendyke, 17 

Worthley, 4^ 

Wortman, 76 

Wright, 101, 114, 120, 130, 177, 206 

Wrlghton, 5 

Yard, 116, 120, 130, 131, 183 
Yeo, 62 
Touugs, 67 
Toniiglove, 212 

Zabriskie. 17 
Zane, 0, lO, 138 

3 2044 021 647 474