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Full text of "Collections historical & archaeological relating to Montgomeryshire and its borders"

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COLLECTIONS 



HISTORICAL & ARCH^OLOGICAL 



RELATING TO 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



ISSUED BY THE POWYS-LAND CLUB FOR THE USE OF ITS MEMBERS. 




VOL. VI. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED FOB THE CLUB BT 

THOMAS EICHARDS, 37, GREAT QUEEN STREET. 
1873. 



MAR 221976 ^ 



740 

Y'6 



"A Ruddy Lion ramping in Gold." 

The Seal of Sir Edward de Cherleton, Lord op Powvs, appended to a charter dated 6th 
July, 7 Henry V (1418), is adopted as the Seal of the ^oijgS«l.antl (Jlub. This remarkable 
Seal is not quite perfect, the edge having splintered away, and 'the figure in the place of the crest 
having lost its head, which the engraver has supplied. It appears to have been a round seal, sur- 
rounded" by an inscription, probably " Si^iHum Edwardi de Cherleton Domini Powisie", of which 
only the " g" in the word Sigillum, and " wi" in the word Powisie now remain. The shield in 
the centre is charged with the red lion of Powys— a lion rampant — and is probably held up by 
another lion rampant standing on his hind legs behind the shield, which is clasped by his fore 
paws. The side supporters, or rather ornamental figures (for it is said that supporters, in the 
present heraldic sense of the word, were unknown at that period), are wild men sitting astride of 
lions eouohant. -Mont. Coll., vol. vi, p. 293. j 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE COLLECTIONS. 



CONTENTS of VOL. VI. 



PAGE 



Original Proposal for formation of Club, Rules, and amended xi 

Rules, and List of Members - 

Report of Sixth Annual Meeting - - - - xx 
Letter from the Rev. Charles Boutell, M.A., to the Secretary, on 

*' The Arms of Wales" - - - . xxxii 

Shield of Arms suggested for Wales - - r xxxvii 
List of further Presentations to the Powys-land Museum, exhibited 

at the Meeting - - - - - xxxix 

Alphabetical List of Donors to the Powys-land Museum - 1 

Obituary of Members of the Powys-land Club - - lii 



History of the Parish of Garthbeibio. By the Rev. Griffth Ed- 
wards, M.A., Rector of Llangadfan — 

Section I. Description of Parish, etc. - - - 1 

„ II. Archaeology - - - - 12 

,, m. Ecclesiastical Establishment - - - 17 

,, IV. Population, etc. - - - - 24 

Shield of Arms in the East Window of Buttington Church. By Mor- 
ris Charles Jones, F.S.A. - - - - 29 

Genealogical Table of Sutton, Baron Dudley - - 34 
Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire. By the Rev. W. V. Lloyd, M.A., 
F.R.G.S.— 

Lewis Gwynn, 1610 - - - - - 35 

Rowland Owen, 1611 - - - - 37 

Confirmation of Arms and Grant of Crest to Edward Owen 39 

Morris Owen, 1612 - - - - - 41 

Sir William Herbert, 1613 - - - - 43 

Edward Price, of Glanmeheli, 1614 - - - 45 

Edward Price, of Newtown, 1615 - - - 49 

Richard Lloyd, of Marrington, 1616 - - - 61 

Appendix . . . - _ 139 

On some Human Bones found at Buttington. By W. Boyd Dawkins, 

F.R.S. - - - - - - 141 

Note on supposed Stone Hatchet found at Llangadfan - - 145 

6 2 



IV 

PAGE 

Portraits connected with Montgomeryshire— 

At Powis Castle, Walcot, Oakley Park, Styche, Blymhill 
Rectory, Miss Griffithes's House, Welshpool, Brogynton, 
and Peniarth - " ' " ' ^'^^ 

A Parochial Account of Llanidloes (continued). By Edw. Hamer— 

Chapter IV. Archaeological - - - - 155 

„ V. Ecclesiastical - - - ' - 160 

Note on Church, by Mr. Martin Underwood - 177 

Herbertiana. By W.W.E.W., G.S., and M.C.J. - - 197 

Herbert of Dolguog ----- 198 

Richard Herbert, Esq. - - - - 202 

Francis Herbert, Esq. . - . . 204 

On Monumental Effigies in Montgomery Church - - 207 

Circular Flint Knife found at Trefeglwys - - - 215 

Mould for casting Tokens found at Mathraval - - - 217 

Welsh Poetry, illustrative of the History of Llangurig. By H. W. 

Lloyd - - - - - - 224 

Archaic Words, Phrases, etc., of Montgomeryshire, No. iv. By Rev. 

Elias Owen, B.A, - - - - - 243 

Miscellanea Historica, or Public Officers of Montgomeryshire. By 
Rev. W. V. Lloyd, M.A., from 4 James I (1606) to 14 Charles 
1(1638) - - - - - - 249 

Cridia Abbey. By M. C. J. - - - - 313 

Uanrhaiadr-yn-Mochnant, its Parochial History and Antiquities. 
By T. W. Hancock (continued) — 

Chapter VII. Folk-lore, Miscellaneous, etc. - - 319 

Appendix - - - _ 331 

Portraits connected with Montgomeryshire (continued) — 

At Brogynton, Glansevern, Garth, Vaynor Park, Llandinam 
Hall, Grange Erin (Douglas, Cork), Cefn (St. Asaph), Fron 
Virniew (Llansantffraid), Penmaen Dovey, Garthmyl, and 
Dolfor - - - - - - 341 

Abbey of Ystrad Marchell. By Morris C. Jones, F.S.A. (cow-* 

eluded) — - - - - - - 347 

Including — Note on Charter of Elisse, etc. By H. W. Lloyd ib. 
Appendix, Ministers' Accounts, from 27 Henry VIII to 4 and 

5 Philip and Mary - - - _ 366 

Note on Abbot David ap Owen, Bishop of St. Asaph (D. R. T.) 382 

„ Monachi de Mochraiadr - - . 334 

„ Remains lately discovered of the Abbey Church - 386 

Historic Spots. No. Ill ; Dolforwyn. G. S. - - - 387 

History of the Parish of Llanwddyn. By Rev. Thomas Henry 

Evans, the Vicar — 

I. Physical Features and Description - - - 391 

II. Population - - - . _ 404 



Processional Cross, found in Guilsfield Churchyard - - 407 

Herbertiana. By M. C. J., and G. S.- - - - 409 

Richard Herbert, Esq. _ - - > n^ 

Magdalene, his wife - - - - - 410 

Edward, First Lord Herbert of Chirbury - - 415 

Roman Mortarium found at Dyer's Farm, Pool Quay - - 431 

Articles found'on the site of Pool Quay New Vicarage - - 433 

Antique Ring found at Bettws _ - _ _ 434 

Montgomery Eflfigies. Notes by Rev. C. Boutell, and others - 435 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Shield of Arms suggested for Wales - - - 

Garthbeibio Church, before and after Restoration 
Armorial Shield in Buttington Church - > , 

Marrington Hall ------ 

Lloyd Arms -__-_. 

Lloyd Seal and Monument - - - - - 

Lloyd Book Plate ------ 

Llanidloes — Pen y clun Camp - - - _ 

„ Token 

,, Church. 1. Interior View - - . 

„ ,, 2. Ground Plan - - - 

„ „ 3. Exterior View- - - - 

„ „ 4. Arcading, East Bay 

„ „ 5. Details of Piers and Arches 

„ ,, 6. Respond and Caps 

7. Roof . . - . 

,, „ 8. Font and Shields 

Circular Flint Knife (Trefeglwys) - - - - 

Mould for Tokens (Mathraval) - . - - 

Ancient Sideboard at Glanhafon . - - - 

Seal of Sir Edward de Cherleton . - _ 

Effigy in St. Asaph Cathedral attributed to Bishop David 

ap Owen, previously Abbot of Ystrad Marchell 
Processional Cross, found at Guilsfield Churchyard 
Monument to Richard Herbert, Esq., in Montgomery 

Church (presented by the Earl of Powis, the President) 
Roman Lithic Mortarium - - - - - 

Hair-curling Instrument - - - - - 

Antique Ring found at Bettws - - . - 

Two Effigies in Montgomery Church. No. 1 and No. 2 - 



to 



XXXVll 


face 


20 




31 




51 




69 




122 




140 




157 




160 



162 



5) 


215 


It 


217 


»> 


324 


1) 


353 


1) 


860 


» 


407 


?? 


409 




431 




ih. 




ih. 




435 



VI 

CONTENTS OF VOLUME I. 

Original Proposal for formation of the Club, the Circulars, and List of Members. 

Report of the First Annual Meeting of the Club. 

The Princes of Upper Powys, Chaps. I to IV. By the Hon. and Eev. G. T. 

O. Bbidgeman, M.A., and Illustrative Documents. 
Ancient Lords of Mechain. By the Hon. and Eev. G. T. O. Bbidgeman, 

M.A., and Illustrative Documents. 
Ancient Arwystli ; its Earthworks and other Ancient Eemains. By Edward 

Hameb. 
The Welsh Lords of Kerry and Arwystli. By the Hon. and Eev. G. T. O. 

Bbidgeman, M.A. 
Arwystli— Inquisitions. By the Eev. D. E. Thomas, M.A. 
The Feudal Barons of Powys. By Moebis Chables Jones, i. Cherleton, 

Lords of Powys — Appendix of Documents; ii. Grey, Lords of Powys; 

III. The Lords Tiptoft and Powys ; iv. The Abeyant Barony of Powys. 
Eelics of Dinas Mawddwy. By the Hon. and Eev. G. T. O. Bbidgeman, M.A, 
Disquisitions on the Etymon of the word " Powys" or " Powis." i. Extract 

from Owen and Blakeway's History of Shrewsbury ; ii. By the Eev. Eobebt 

Williams, M.A,; iii. By the Eev. D. Silvan Evans, B.D. ; iv. By the 

Eev. E. Habbies Jones, M. A.; v. By Craufubd Tait Eamage, Esq., LL.D. 
Powys-land in the time of Prince Cynddylan {to he continued). By the Eev. 

E. Habbies Jones, M.A. 
Miscellanea. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME II. 

Original Proposal for formation of the Club ; Eules, Amended Eules, and 

List of Members. 
Eeport of Second Annual Meeting. 
Powys-land in the time of Prince Cynddylan {concluded from vol. i, p. 472). 

By the Eev. E. Habbies Jones, M.A. 
Ancient Arwystli, Part ii. By Edwabd Hameb. 
Opening of Twr Gwyn Mawr; Caersws ; Excavations at Caersws ; Appendix 

—Bond relating to Premises in Borough of Caersws —Chronicle of Oliver 

TVTn.ff.Vio-nra 



The Territorial Divisions of Montgomeryshire. Compiled by Mobbis Chables 
Jones, i. Ancient Civil Divisions ; ii. Ancient Ecclesiastical Divisions ; 
1. Classification of the Churches, and the Parishes attached thereto, with 
respect to their probable antiquity— ii. Pope Nicholas's Taxation, circa 
1291— m. Valor Ecclesiasticus, tempore Henry VIII; iii. Manorial Divisions. 

Montgomeryshire, when and how constituted Shire-ground. Bv Thomas 
Owen Mobgan. 

The Territorial Divisions {continued)— iy. Modern Civil Divisions, a.d. 1592 ; 
V. ihe present Hundredal, Parochial, and Villenarian Divisions, showing 
^e Basis or Standard for the Assessment to the County Eate. 

^ Jowysian at Agincourt. By the Eev. William V. Lloyd, M.A., F.E.G.S. 
bir (iriflith Vaughan. 

^Newtown "" ^ "^^P^^^P^^^*^^ ""^ Montgomeryshire. By Eichabd Williams, 

^^^^L ""^ ^o^^o^eryshire. Catalogue of the Sheriffs, authenticated by 
reference to, and illustrated by extracts from, the public records. By the 
Kev. William V. Lloyd, M.A., PEGS 

e^enSwf f^^^F'^^'^i^^'?' ^^*^ *^"^^ ^^^^^^^1 bearings, and notices, 

wnose Members have served the office of Sheriff. 1541 Humohrev Llovd 
A Parochial Account of Llangurig. By Edwabd Hameb. i pTyslLl K 



Vll 

turea and Description; ii. Archseological j m. Ecclesiastical j iv. The 
Lords of Llangurig and the Clochfaen Family ; v. The Plas Madog Family. 

Some Account of Llanllugan Nunnery. By Morris Charles Jones. 

A List of the Members of Parliament for the County and Contributory 
Boroughs of Montgomery, up to the end of the Eighteenth Century. 
Compiled by Edward Eowley Morris. 

History of the Parish of Llangadfan. By the Eev. Griffith Edwards, M.A., 
Eector. i. Description of the Parish and its Physical Features ; ii. Popu- 
lation ; III. Archaeological and Antiquarian Eemains ; iv. Ecclesiastical 
Establishment ; v. Biographical Notices — Nonconformity, Education. 

List of Justices of the Peace, etc., for Montgomeryshire, at different periods 
during the seventeenth century. 

Materials for a Topographicon of Montgomeryshire. By Eichard Williams. 

Assessment of Ship-money on Montgomeryshire, a.d. 1637. 

Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire, Notices (continued) : — 1 542, Sir Eobert Acton, 
Knight; 1543. Lewis Jones; 1544. Griffith ap David ap John ; 1545. Lewis 
Jones ; 1546. Eeginald Williams ; Appendix. Genealogical Key-Chart of 
the noble family of Herbert ; showing the Members, and connections by 
marriage, who have served the office of Sheriff; 1547. William Herbert; 
1548. Matthew Price. Genealogical Key-Chart of the families whose 
Members have served the office of Sheriff, descended from Elystan Glod- 
RUDD; 1549. Eobert Acton ; 1550. Sir Eobert Acton ; 1551. James Leech ; 
1552. Edward Leighton (Knighted in 1591) -By S. L. ; 1553. Nicholas 
Purcell. 

Notes on the Geology of Powys-land. By W. Boyd Dawkins, M.A., F.E.S. 

Appendix — The Barony of Powys— Eeview by John Gough Nichols, Esq., 
F.S.A. 

list of plates. 

Samian Ware found at Caersws. — Earthwork on Ehyd-yr-Onen Farm. — 
Llangurig Church (exterior). — Ground Plan of Llangurig Church. — Details 
of Eood Screen, Llangurig Church. — Llangurig Church (interior). — East 
Window, etc., Llangurig Church. — Arms of J. Y, W Lloyd, Esq., of Cloch- 
faen. — Camp at Maes Lymysten; and Ancient Earthworks at Cann Office, 
— Antiquities found at Llangadfan. — Llangadfan Church (exterior). — 
Various Shields. — Eight Shields of Arms of Sheriffs. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME III. 



Original Proposal for formation of Club ; Eules ; Amended Bules ; and List 
of Members. 

Eeport of Third Annual Meeting. 

List of Articles and Documents then exhibited. 

Eesolution of Museum Committee appointing Sub-Committees, etc. 

A History of the Parish of Kerry. By E. E. Morris, i. Name, Physical Fea- 
tures, Description; ii. Population, Industrial Pursuits (to be continued). 

The Devolution of the Manors of Montgomeryshire. By Morris C. Jones. 
I and II. The Manors of Arwystli and Cyfeiliog, jointly — i. The Manor of 
Arwystli, separately ; ii. The Manor of Cyfeiliog ; iii. The Manor of Tal- 
erddig. 

A History of the Parish of Llanfyllin. By the Eev. Eobert Williams, 
Eector of the Parish, and Hon. Canon of St. Asaph, i. Description, Phy- 
sical Features, etc.; ii. Archaeological; iii. Ecclesiastical; iv. Folklore. 

Appendix (A). Inspeximus Charter of Elizabeth to Burgesses of Llanfyllin; 
{B). Llanfyllin Independent Chapel ; (C). Borough of Llanfyllin. 

Miscellanea Historica, or the Public Officers of Montgomeryshire, with brief 
genealogical notes. By the Eev. W. V. Lloyd, M.A., F.E.G.S., from 1st 
May, 1853-4, to 20th Elizabeth (to he continued). 

Further Eemarks on the Elegy of Llywarch Hen. By T. Wright, M.A., 
F.S.A. 

Llywarch Hen. Eeply by Eev. D. Silvan Evans to Strictures of Eev. R. 
Harries Jones. 



Vlll 

The History of the Parish of Darowen. By Thomas Owen MoRaAN. i. 

Its Name, Patron Saint, Parish Church, Village Schools, etc. ; ii. Eivers 

and Physical Character; iii. Noddfa; iv. Cae'rseddfan. 
A Letter endorsed " an unadvised lere from gentlemen of Mountgomery- 

shire" (Peniarth MSS.) 
On the Antiquities of Montgomeryshire. By H. Longueville Jones, M. A. 
Some Account of the Eood-Screens and Timber Work of Powys-land. By 

David Walker, Architect, Liverpool. No. 1. Newtown Eood Screen. 
Materials for a " Topographicon of Montgomeryshire." By Eichard Wil- 
liams, Newtown. 
A Parochial Account of Llangurig. By Edward Hamer (continued), vi. 

Genealogical ; vii. Biographical ; viii. Folk-lore ; ix. Miscellaneous j x. 

Topographical Glossary of Names in the Parish— Additions and Corrections. 
Historic Spots. No. 1. Bwlch-y-Pawl. By Thomas Newill. 
Miscellanea Historica, or Public Officers of Montgomeryshire. By the Eev. 

W. V. Lloyd, M.A., F.E.G.S., from 21 Elizabeth to 31 Elizabeth. 
Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire (continued). Edited by Eev. W. V. Llotd and 

Edward Hamer. 1554-5. Eichard Powell; 1556. Henry Acton; 1557. 

Edward Herbert ; 1558. Lewis Jones; 1559. John Herbert ; 1560. Thomas 

Williams; 1561. Eandolph Hanmer; 1562. John Price of Eglwysegle; 

1563. Andrew Vavasour ; 1564. George Benyon ; 1565. Eees ap Morris ap 
■ Owen— Appendix ; 1566. John Price ; J 567. Eichard Salwey — Appendix— 

" Trumwms," " Musards,*' and " Washborns." 
The Early Antiquities of the County of Montgomery. By the Eev. E. L. 

Barnwell, MA. : — Coins, Penannular Eings, Gold Torque, Sepulchral 

Urns, Ancient Mining Tools, Spearheads, Celts, Powis Castle Implements, 

Unknown Bronze Articles, Bronze Boar. 

LIST OF plates. 

Gold Torque (presented by Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart.) Frontispiece to vol. iii. — 
Tomen-yr- AUt. — Llanfyllin Token. — Llanfyllin Church. — Llanfyllin Church 
(ground plan). — Darowen, New and Old Churches. — Eoodscreen at New- 
town (photo-lithograph). — Y Cloch faen (stone bell), Llangurig.— Fac- 
simile of Inscription on Eliseg's pillar, from E. Llwyd's Arch. Brit. — Bwlch- 
y-Pawl. — Penannular Eings (Llanrhaiadr).— Cinerary Urn (Aberbechan ) . 
— Eoman Mining Tools (Llanymynech).— Bronze Spearhead (Trefeglwys). 
— Bronze Spearhead (Llanymynech).— Bronze Celt (Llanwnog). — Bronze 
Powis Castle Implements, two plates, lent by the Earl of Powis (Guilsfield). 
Bronze unknown article (Llanymynech). — Bronze Boar (Gaer Vawr. 
Guilsfield).— Fifteen Heraldic Shields. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME IV. 

Original Proposal for formation of Club, Eules, and amended Eules, and 
List of Members. 

Eeport of Fourth Annual Meeting. 

Short Papers prepared for or read at the Meeting :— Norman Column and 
Arch discovered in Meifod Church. By Eev. E. Wynne-Edwards, M A 
the Vicar.— Notes during the Eestoration of Welshpool Church. By Eev' 
J. E. Hill, M.A^, the Vicar.— On Tomen-yr Allt and Tomen CefnUawr. 
By J. Graham Williams. 

Listof Articles and Documents presented to the Powys-land Museum, and 
exhibited at the Meeting. ' 

Alphabetical List of Donors to Powys-land Museum. 

pjfnn^f ^f't'' ^ticles and Documents exhibited at the Annual Meeting. 

Keport of Powys-land Museum Committee. ^ 

Su ^^^^ °^ Members of the Powys-land Club. 
J^ONEs F S^A^'*'^^ ^^'"^^^ (^*"^^^ MarceUa). Part I. By Morris C. 

Historic Spots. No.2.Mathraval. By Eev. koROEVNDFORD, k 1 ' 



IX 

Archaic Words, Phrases, etc., of Montgomeryshire. Part I. By Elias Owen. 

Welsh Poetry, Illustrative of the History of Llangurig. Part 1. By H, W. 
Lloyd. 

History of the Parish of Llansantffraid-yn-Mechain. By Thomas Griffiths 
Jones. Physical Features and Description; Population; Archaeological; 
Ecclesiastical Establishment ; Folklore, Traditions, etc. ; Genealogical ; 
Biographical ; Nonconformity ; Education ; the Present State of the Parish. 

An Account of Henry Williams of Ysgafell. By his Descendant, Jane 
Williams, Author of A History of Wales, etc. 

Some Account of the Eood Screens and Timber Work of Powys-land. By 
David Walker, Architect, Liverpool. No. 2. Llanwnog Eood Screen, 

Materials for a Topographicon of Montgomeryshire (continued). By Eichard 
Williams, Newtown. 

Llanrhaiadr-yn-Mochnant : Its Parochial History and Antiquities. By T. W. 
Hancock. Topographical ; Population ; Archaeological (to he continued). 

Miscellanea Historica ; or the Public Oflficers of Montgomeryshire. By Eev. 
W. V. Lloyd, E.E.G.S. (continued), from 32 Eliz. to 4 James I. 

The Abbey of Ystrad Marchell (Strata Marcella). Part II. By Morris C. 
Jones, F.S.A. 

Llyn y Dreiddiad Vrawd (The Pool of the Diving Friar). 

Incidents connected with the EebelHon of Owen Glendower in Powys-land. 
(M.C.J, and W.V.LI). 

The Elvers of Montgomeryshire. By Eev. D. Silvan Evans, B.D. 

Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire (continued). By Eev. W. V. Lloyd, F.E.G.S, 
1568. Edward Herbert; 1569. William Herbert; 1570. Thomas Tanat— 
Appendix (Broniarth Charter, Monumental Inscriptions) ; 1571. Eobert 
Lloyd; 1572. Eobert Puleston; 1573. John Trevor; 1574. David Lloyd 
Jenkin; 1575. John Herbert; 1576. Eichard Herbert ; 1577. David Lloyd 
Blayney ; 1578. Arthur Price ; 1579. Eichard Morris ; 1580. Thomas 
Juckes ; 1581. Griffith Lloyd. 

Foreign Surnames in Montgomeryshire. By Eichard Williams. 

A Parochial Account of Llanidloes. Chap. I. Topographical. By Edward 
Hamer (to be continued). 

Archaic Words, Phrases, etc., of Montgomeryshire. Part II. By Elias 
Owen, B.A. 

Owen Glendower's Parliament House (Note). 

The Calculated Ages of Yew-Trees in Guilsfield Churchyard. By C. T. 
Eamage, LL.D. 

illustrations. 

Font, Buttington Church, reputed to have been brought from Strata MarceUa 
Abbey (Frontispiece). — Photo-lithograph of Charter of Wennunwen to 
Strata MarceUa Abbey. — Llansantffraid — Hendomen and Plasyndinas ; 
The Voel Camp; Exterior of Church; Ground Plan; Double Piscina and 
Font. — Llanwnog Screen, east and west (2 plates); Details. — Newtown 
Screen, Details. — Geological Section of Hirnant VaUey. — Section of Strata 
at Cwmgwynen. — Maesmochnant Stone. — The Green Stone. — Plan and 
Section of Tomen Cefnllawr. — Plan of Cerrig y Beddau. — Glanhafoit 
Torques (2 engravings). — Owen Glendower's Parliament House. — Eleveii 
Shields of Arms. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME V. 



Original Proposal for formation of Club, Eules, and amended Eules, and 

List of Members. 
Eeport of Fifth Annual Meeting. 
List of Further Presentations to the Powys-land Museum, exhibited at the 

Meeting. 
Alphabetical List of Donors to the Powys-land Museum. 
List of other Articles and Documents exhibited at Annual Meeting. 
Eeport of Powys-land Museum Committee. 
Obituary of Members of the Powys-land Club. 



A Paa'ochial Account of Llanidloes (continued), ii. Natural Productions; 

III. Inhabitants and Industrial Pursuits ; iv. Archaeological. 
Welsh Poetry, illustrative of the History of Llangurig. Part II. By 

HowEL W. Lloyd. 
Materials for a Topographicon of Montgomeryshire (concluded). By Richard 

Williams. 
Abbey of Ystrad Marchell (Strata Marcella). Part III. By Morris C. 
Jones, F.S.A. Comprising — Remarks on Charter of Madog Hethgam. 
By HowEL W. Lloyd; Remarks on Wennunwen's Charter of 1199 of 
Roswidaul. By Edward Davies ; Remarks on Wennunwen's Charter of 
1201. By J. Graham Williams ; Identification of Witnesses named in 
Charters. By Rev. W. V. Lloyd, R.N. 
Portraits connected with Montgomeryshire, at Wynnstay, Llangedwyn, and 

Peniarth. 
Herbertiana. By G. S., and M. C. J. Introduction; Lordship and Castle 
of Powis ; The Early Descent of the Family of Herbert ; Notes on the 
Armorial Insignia of the Noble Family of Herbert ; Sir Edward Herbert, 
Knight, of Powis Castle ; Sir William Herbert, First Lord Powis ; Roger, 
Earl of Castlemaine ; Sir Percy Herbert, Second Lord Powis ; William, 
Third Lord Powis, and First Earl, Marquis, and Duke of Powis (to be 
continued). 
Archaic Words, Phrases, etc., of Montgomeryshire. Part III. By the Rev. 

Elias Owen, B.A. 
A slight Historical and Topographical Sketch of the Parish of Llanfechain. 
An Itinerary of King Edward I in Powys land in 1294-5. 
The Early Antiquities of the County of Montgomery. Remarks of Edward 
Clibborn, Esq. On Llanymynech Uncertain Bronze Objects ; Powis Castle 
Antiquities. 
Llanrhaiadr-yn-Mochnant : its Parochial History and Antiquities (continued 
from vol. iv, p. 248). iv. Ecclesiastical; v. Nonconformity; vi. Bio- 
graphical. 
Herbertiana. By G. S., M. C. J., and H. W. LI. William, Third Lord 
Powis, and First Earl, Marquis, and Duke of Powis (continued) ; Lady 
Mary Herbert; Lady Winifred Herbert (afterwards Countess of Niths- 
dale ) ; Lady Lucy Herbert ; WiUiam, Fourth Lord Powis, and Second 
Earl, Marquis, and Duke of Powis ; William, Fifth Lord Powis, and Third 
Earl, Marquis, and Duke of Powis. 
Montgomeryshire Newspapers. 

Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire. By Rev. W. V. Lloyd, M.A., F.R.G.S. 
1582. Morgan Gwynn; 1583. John Owen Vaughan ; 1584. Richard Her^ 
bert; 1585. David Lloyd Blayney ; 1586. John Price; 1587. David Lloyd 
Jenkin; 1588. Jenkin Lloyd; 1589. William Williams; 1590. Morgan 
Meredith; 1591. Richard Price; 1592. Sir Edward Leighton ; 1593. 
Thomas Lewis; 1594. Reginald Williams; 1595. Francis Newton; 1596. 
WiUiam Williams ; 1597. Thomas Purcell ; 1598. Edward Hussey • 1599 
Richard Leighton; 1600. Hugh Lloyd; 1601. Charles Lloyd ;' 1602.' 
Thomas Juckes; 1603. Sir Richard Price, Knight; 1604. William Pen- 
rhyn; 1605. Sir Edward Herbert, K.C.B. ; 1606. Jenkin Lloyd ; 1607. Sir 
Richard Hussey ; 1608. Charles Herbert; 1609. Rowland Pugh. 
illustrations. 
View of Van Mines. Plate I.- Section of same. Plate II.— Plan of Land 
??SPf4®^ -^ ^*^°^ Hethgam's Charter; in Wennunwen's Charter of 
^J^J.(^s/idaul) ; m Wennunwen's Charter of 1201.— Monumental Tablet 
ot bir Edward Herbert, Knight.— Arms of Roger, Earl of Castlemain.— 
Jtfacsimile of the Signature of the Marchioness of Powis (1688).— Llan- 
^chain Church previous to Restoration. -Llanfechain Church, Restored. 
vtuf^''''\ I^lanfechain.-Y Domen Gastell, and Sections.- Brynderwen 
Sb«;rri.'^''ry^T.^^^i-^^^ Bodynfol Hall.-Bodynfol Hall.-Bwlch y 
Plan Ea«rF;;7^r''^.^'^^'^!^-^?''^''^''* ^^''^^^' South View; Ground 
Savi;!^ Wf K^ E^evation-Winifred Countess of Nithsdale (Steel En- 
Van^fn Sn!'^!,^''- ^^^tley^ Llwydiarth in 1684; Shield of Arms of 
V aughan of Glanllyn.— Twenty-seven Shields of Arms of Sheriffs 



Proposal for a Society or Cluh, to he called the " Powys-land 
Club/' for the Collecting and Printing , for the use of its Mem- 
hers, of the Historical, Ecclesiastical, Genealogical, Topographical, 
and Literary Remains of Montgomeryshire. 



It has occurred to more than one gentleman connected with 
Montgomeryshire,, that it would be desirable to begin an his- 
torical and archaeological collection for that county. 

The county is rich in the remains of former ages, comprising, 
as it does, nearly the whole of the ancient principality of Upper 
Powys and other scenes of historic interest, and yet having 
hitherto formed a portion of Wales which has not received its 
due proportion of archa3ological illustration. 

A county history is the great desideratum ; but considering 
the varied qualifications required to meet in one person, to 
enable him to write a good county history, who is equal to such 
a herculean task ? 

It is seldom that in one mind can be found " the profundity 
of knowledge, the patient and laborious research, the skill in 
generalisation, the talent for detail, the aptitude for so many 
and so varied investigations, the taste, energy, and self-sacri- 
ficing zeal which can carry such labour to a successful termina- 
tion." The late Walter Davies was the only man that could 
be named who would have been equal to the undertaking. 

In the absence, however, of a county history, an historical 
and archaeological collection for this county, specifically^ would 
be both valuable and interesting. 

It would be, in fact, to carry out, but in more detail with 
reference to Montgomeryshire, the idea which was broached 
with respect to all the counties of Wales, in the first number 
of the Archceologia Gamhrensis, in the article — " On the Study 
and Preservation of National Antiquities.'^ 

Following the model of other societies, it is proposed that 
the collection should include — 

1. A Monasticon, or a record of all monastic remains, whether 
buildings, tombs, inscriptions, utensils, seals, etc. [This is already 
in progress, but from the few religious houses in the county, will not 
be extensive.] 

2. An Ecclesiasticon, or a similar record of all that relates to 
parochial churches and chapels, whether of the established church or 
of any description, etc., and of all objects, such as tombs, crosses, etc., 
connected with them. 



3. A Castellarmin, a similar record of castellated remains. 

4. A MaTisionarium, a similar collection relating to all ancient 
manor-houses, mansions, and houses of a certain degree of import- 
ance, and to their connected remains. 

5. A Villare and Parochiale, applying to all buildings and remains 
of towns, villages, parishes, etc., including all public civil buildings, 
etc. 

6. A Chartulariunij including as complete an account as practic- 
able of all ancient documents referring to the five preceding classes. 
The manorial history of the county may be illustrated, and the public 
record office and the muniment rooms of the magnates of the county 
would form an almost inexhaustible source of information under this 
division. It would be proposed to print the original documents in 
extenso where thought of sufficient interest. 

7. An Obituarium, containing notices of pedigrees of ancient families, 
notices of celebrated characters, and collections of all that relates to 
the public and private life of all classes who are or have been inhabit- 
ants of the district. 

8. An Ordinary of A rms, containing authentic copies of all existing 
remains of mediaeval heraldry. — Drawings and copies of inscriptions, 
etc., on church windows, monuments, etc. 

9. The collecting and printing of MS. collections connected with 
the district, or throwing any light on any of the families of the 
county. 

10. An Itinerarium. Notices, plans, and surveys, of all British, 
Koman, and other ancient roads or ways, etc. 

11. Traditions, customs, folk-lore, ballads, etc. 

Various topographical and genealogical articles have ap- 
peared in publications that are rare and difficult of access, and 
it would be proposed to reprint such of these articles as may 
be thought of sufficient interest and value, with such additions 
as may be procurable ; for instance : — the topographical ac- 
counts of the parishes of Meifod and Llanwnog, which appeared 
in the Cambrian Quarterly Review , and the accounts of Garth- 
beibio, Llangadfan and Llanerfyl, and of Llanymynech, that ap- 
peared upwards of seventy years ago in the Cambrian Register, 
and such like. They would form models for topographical 
accounts of other parishes. 

And it is wished to reprint several of the articles bearing 
upon Montgomeryshire which have already appeared in the 
Archceologia Cambrensis. 

It is proposed to print the articles in parts, as they are 
available, and not necessarily in any particular classified order ; 
but when a sufficient number to form a volume is collected, to 
make the information easily accessible by means of copious 
Indices. 



xni 



It is also pi*oposed to make sucli arrangements witli tlie 
Cambrian Archasological Association as may be found mutually 
desirable and practicable. It is the wish of the promoters of 
this scheme to form the closest connection with that well-tried 
and excellent institution. The scheme may appear extensive, 
but it will be carried out only so far as materials offer and 
opportunity occurs. 

This preliminary proposal was circulated in the first instance 
in influential quarters, with the view of testing how far the 
scheme met with approval^ and was likely to be supported. 

The collection of two or three facts — in themselves^ and, 
while separate, comparatively unimportant — will often be found 
to throw light on each other, and will not unfrequently lead to 
the clearing up of doubtful points, or the discovery of error. 
In this light all may assist in the work proposed. 

" If a collection could be made,^' said the late Dr. Stanley, 
Bishop of Norwich, '^ of all the isolated and floating facts con- 
nected with the various branches of topographical knowledge, 
it is obvious that thus an invaluable body of information and 
ample store of materials might be amassed, of the utmost im- 
portance to the traveller, the antiquarian, the man of science, 
and the naturalist." The custodian of almost every parochial 
register may find in it much that is novel and valuable. Any 
accurate observer who will transcribe all the monumental in- 
scriptions in any church, chapel, or burial-place, would render 
valuable service. 

If it meet with support, it is intended to organise and carry 
it on with the honorary assistance of such as consent to associate 
themselves for the purpose ; the necessary funds for printing 
and illustrating, transcribing public records, etc., being pro- 
vided by the subscription of the members. But it is by no 
means wished to restrict the Association to pecuniary sub- 
scribers only. Contributors of archaeological information of all 
the descriptions before indicated would be welcomed as mem- 
bers with as much warmth as pecuniary subscribers. 

MORRIS C. JONES, ) 

20, Abercromby Square, Liverpool. r Hon. Sees, 
T. O. MORGAN, C pro tern, 

Aberystwith. ) 
1st March, 1867. 

The Club was constituted on the 1st October, 1867; when 
Part I was issued to the members, and the following Rules 
adopted : — 



E U L E S. 

I The Club shall consist of not more than one hundred Members. 
li The Council shall consist of the following persons, in whom 
the management of the Club shall be vested, that is to say, the 
President, Vice-Presidents, the Secretaries, Treasurer, and twelve 
other Members. 

III. That the following gentlemen shall constitute the first Officers 
and Council of the Club : — 

President — The Earl or Powis. 

Vice-Presidents— Ts^ Lord Sudelet; The Bishop of St. Asaph; 

Sir Watkin Williams Wtnn, Baxt. 

Council — 



Eev. E. L. Barnwell, M.A., 

Melksham, Wilts. 
Edmund Buckley, Esq., M.P., 

Plas Dinas. 
J. Pryce Drew, Esq., M.A., 

Milford, Newtown. 
Eev. John Edwards, M.A., 

Eectory, Newtown. 
Ven. Archdeacon Ffoulkes, M.A. 

Eectory, Llandyssil. 
Abraham Howell, Esq. 

Ehiewport, Welshpool. 



David Howell, Esq., 

Dolguo^, Machynlleth. 
Eev. D. Phillips Lewis, M.A., 

Vicarage, Guilsfield. 
Hon. Chas. H anbury Tracy, M. P,, 

Gregynog, Newtown. 
Pryce Buckley Williames, Esq., 

Pennant, Welshpool. 
Eev. Egbert Williams, M.A., 

Eectory, LlanfyUin. 
C. W. Williams Wynn, Esq. M,P., 

Coed y Maen, Welshpool. 



Hon. Treasurer — Thomas Bowen, Esq. (Messrs. Beck & Co.), Welshpool. 

Hon. Secretaries— Morris G. Jones, Esq., 20, Abercromby Square, Liverpool 

(and Gungrog, Welshpool) ; T. O. Morgan, Esq., Aberystwith 

(and Lincoln's Inn). 

IV. A General Meeting of the Members shall be held annually, on 
the first day of the month of October, or on a day soon after, and at 
such place as the Council shall appoint. And the President, or in his 
absence one of the Vice-Presidents, shall have power to call Extraor- 
dinary General Meetings, on giving, through the Secretaries, a fort- 
night's notice to the Members. 

V. The Council shall be elected at a General Meeting ; to continue 
in office for three years, and be capable of re-election. 

VI. The names of the Members proposed to be elected into the 
Council shall be transmitted by the proposers to the Secretaries one 
fortnight before the General Meetings ; and notice of the persons so 
proposed shall be forwarded by the Secretaries to all the Members. 

VII. At the General Meetings votes for the election of the Council 
may be given either personally, or 6y letter addressed to the Secre- 
taries ; but no Member shall be entitled to vote at a General Meeting 
whose subscription is in arrear. 

VIII. Any vacancy which may occur in the Council, or in the 
offices of Secretaries or Treasurer, shall be provisionally filled up by 
the Council. 

IX. Those gentlemen who have assented or do assent to these rules, 
and have signified their wish to become Members, shall be deemed 
original Members of the Society. 

X. Subsequent Members may be elected by ballot at any one of 



XV 

the General Meetings, according to priority of application, upon being 
proposed in writing by two existing Members. One black ball in five 
shall exclude. 

XI. The subscription of each Member shall be paid in advance to 
the Treasurer, and shall be as follows: — Any Member of the Cam- 
brian Archaeological Association who shall become an original Member 
of the Club shall pay the annual sum of half-a-guinea ; any other 
Member of the Club shall pay the annual sum of one guinea. If any 
Member's subscription shall be in arrear for two years, and he shall 
neglect to pay his subscription after being reminded by the Treasurer, 
he shall be regarded as having ceased to be a Member of the Club. 

XII. The Council may elect as an Honorary Member any gentle- 
man contributing papers or information such as shall, in their judg- 
ment, be in furtherance of the objects of the Club. 

XIII. The objects of the Club shall be carried out with the hono- 
rary assistance of the Members, and the funds of the Club shall be 
disbursed in printing and illustrating such information as shall be 
contributed by the Members, searching for and transcribing public 
records, etc., and the necessary expenses of the Club. 

XIV. The Members are earnestly invited to contribute articles and 
information ; and contributors of papers shall be entitled to twelve 
copies of such articles. 

XV. Every Member not in arrear of his annual subscription will 
be entitled to one copy of every publication of the Club, to be de- 
livered as soon as it shall be completed. 

XVI. The Council shall determine what numbers of each publica- 
tion shall be printed, and the copies over and above those required 
for the Members shall be sold to the public at such time and price as 
may be fixed by the Council, and the proceeds be carried to the 
account of the Club. 

XVII. No alteration shall be made in these Laws, except at an 
Anniversary Meeting ; one month's notice of any proposed alteration 
to be communicated, in writing, to the Secretaries. 



At the second Annual Meeting of the Club, held on the 11th of 
October, 1869, in pursuance of notice given in accordance with Rule 
XVII, the following alterations in the Laws were made : — 

" That the Club shall be extended and shall consist of not more 
than two hundred members ; all additional Members shall pay the 
annual subscription of one guinea." 

" That the Secretary shall be at liberty to admit Members up to 
that enlarged limit ; the applicants for membership who are willing 
to pay the back subscriptions so as to entitle them to the back parts 
of the publications of the Club, to have the preference." 

" That the Secretaries shall also be at liberty to admit new Mem- 
bers to supply vacancies caused by death or resignation or non-pay- 
ment of subscriptions." 

" That the following words be added to Rule XII : ' or may present 
him with a copy of all or any of the publications of the Club.'" 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS 

OF THE 

POWYS-LAND CLUB. 

September 30, 1873. 



Those marTced * have contributed papers to the "Montgomeryshire Collections." 

Those marTced f are Donors of objects to the Powys-land Museum. 

Those marked % have exhibited articles of interest at the Annual Meetings. 

Anderson, J. Corbet, Esq., Croydon, Surrey 
:}:Anwyl, Robert Charles, Esq., Llugwy, Machynlleth 
f Appleton, John Reed, Esq., F.S.A., Western Hill, Durham 

Babington, Charles C, Esq., F.S.A,, etc., 5, Trumpington Road, 
Cambridge 
♦Barnwell, Rev. E. L., M.A., Melksham, Wilts 
Beattie, John, Esq., East Molesey Lodge, Surrey ; and Union Bank, 
95, Chancery Lane, London 
fJBennett, Nicholas, Esq., Glanrafon, Caersws 
JBowen, Thomas, Esq., Old Bank, Welshpool (Treasurer) 

Brewster, Rev. Waldegrave, M.A., Rectory, Middleton, Lancashire 
*Bridgeman, Hon. and Rev. G. T. 0., M.A., The Hall, Wigan 
Bridgeman, Hon. and Rev. J. R. 0., M.A., Rectory, Weston-under 

Lyziard, Shifnal 
Buckley, Sir Edmund, Bart., M.P., Plas Dinas, Dinas Mawddwy 

Cokayne, George E., Esq., M.A.Oxon., F.S.A., Lancaster Herald^ 
College of Arms 
tCorbett, Major William, Vaynor Park, Berriew 

JDavies, Miss, Penmaen Dovey, Machynlleth 

Davies, Henry, Esq., Town Clerk, Oswestry 
fDavies, Rev. John, M.A., 4, Marlborough Hill, St. John's Wood, 

London 
tJDavies, John Pryce, Esq., Fronfelin, Newtown 

Dugdale, John, Esq., Llwyn, Llanfyllin 

*tEdwards, Rev. Griffith, M.A., Rectory, Llangadfan 
*Evans, Rev. D. Silvan, B.D., Rectory, Llan-y-mawddwy 

Evans, David Williams, Esq., Clifton, Nottingham, and Glascoed, 

Llansantifraid 
lEvans, Rev. Edward, M.A., Rectory, Llanfihangel yng Nghwnfa, 
Llanfyllin 

Evans, Edward, Esq., Bronwylfa, near Ruabon 
J Evans, Edward Bickerton, Esq., Whitboume Hall, Worcester 
t Evans, John Hilditch, Esq., Bryn Issa, near Pershore, Worcestershire 
^Evans, Joseph, Esq., Haydock Grange, St. Helens 

tEvans, Rev. T. H., Llanwddyn Vicarage, Llanfyllin, Oswestry 

Eyre, Rev. W., St. Beuno's College, St. Asaph 



XVll 

Fardo, George, Esq., Assist. Comptroller, Post Office, Liverpool 
Ffoulkes, Ven. Archdeacon, M.A., Rectory, Llandyssil, Montgomery 
Ffoulkes, W. Wynne, Esq., Stanley Place, Chester 
*tJFisher, William, Esq., Maesfron, Welshpool 

tJGillart, Richard, Esq., Llynlloedd, Machynlleth 
Griffith, Thomas Taylor, Esq., Surgeon, Wrexham 

*+Hamer, Edward, Esq., Abersychan, Pontypool 

Harrison, John Pryce, Esq., 1, Seagrave Place, Cheltenham 
^Harrison, Robert Devereux, Esq., Fronllwyd, Welshpool 
tHarrison, Robert John, Esq., St. John's College, Cambridge ; and 
Caerhowelj Montgomery 

Hayman, Rev. Samuel, M.A., Grange-Erin, Douglas, Cork 

Herbert, Colonel, Upper Helmsley Hall, Yorkshire 

Herbert, John M., Esq., Rocklands, Ross 

Heyward, Major John Heyward, Crosswood, Guilsfield 
*tJHill, Rev. J. E., M.A., Vicarage, Welshpool 

Hilton, Edwin, Esq., Glynhirieth, Llanfair-caerinion 

Howell, Abraham, Esq., Rhiewport, Welshpool 

Howell, David, Esq., Dolguog, Machynlleth 

Howell, Evan, Esq., 4a, St. Paul's Churchyard, London 

Hughes, H. R., Esq., Kinmel, St^ Asaph 
JHumphreys, Arthur Charles, Esq.j Garthmyl, Berriew 
t Humphreys, Joseph, Esq., The Court, Dogpole, Shrewsbury 

Ikin, Alfred, Esq., LL.D., F.S.A., Cefngwifed, Newtown 

James, Rev. Thomas, F.S.A., Netherthong Vicarage, Huddersfield 

Jehu, Richard, Esq., 21, Cloudesley Street, Islington, London 

Jenkins, Rev. Canon, Llangyniew Rectory, Welshpool 

Jones, Edward Maurice, Esq., Severn Street, Welshpool 

Jones, John, Esq., Bellan House, Oswestry 

Jones, Joseph Owen, Esq., Fron-y-gog, Machynlleth 

*tiJones, Morris Charles, Esq., F.S.A., F.S.A,Scot., Gtingrog, Welsh- 
pool ; and 20, Abercromby Square, Liverpool {Secretary) 
Jones, Morris Paterson, Esq., 20, Abercromby Square, Liverpool 

J Jones, Pryce, Esq., Newtown 
Jones, Richard Edward, Esq., Cefn Bryntalch, Newtown 

* Jones, Rev. R. Harries, M.A., Vicarage, Llanidloes. 
Judge, Rev. John, Vicarage, Leigh ton, Welshpool 

Kynaston, Rev. W. C. E., M.A., Hardwicke Hall, Ellesmere 

t Londonderry, The Marquess of, Plas, Machynlleth ( Vice-President) 
Leighton, Sir Baldwyn, Bart., Loton Park, Salop 

*JLeighton, Stanley, Esq., Sweeney Hall, Oswestry 

tLewis, Rev. David Phillips, M.A., Vicarage, Guilsfield 
Lewis, Lewis, Esq., Newtown Hall, Newtown 
Lewis, Rev. John, M.A., Vicarage, Buttington, Welshpool 

*+Lloyd, The Chevalier, K.S.G., Clochfaen, Llanidloes 



XVlll 



Lloyd, Henry, Esq., 43, Half Moon Street, Piccadilly, London, W. ; 

and Dolobran, Meifod 
Lloyd, Miss Hinde, 4, Edgar Buildings, Bath 
*tLloyd, Howel William, Esq., 37, York Crescent, Clifton, Bristol 

Lloyd, Hugh, Esq., Surgeon, Machynlleth 
fLloyd, Sampson S., Esq., Moore Hall, Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham 
*ttLloyd, Kev. Wm. Valentine, R.N., F.R.G.S., Portsmouth {Hon. 
Secretary) 

Mcintosh, Rev. John, M.A., Rectorj^, Llanerfyl 

Matthews, Rev. E., M.A., Llandisilio Rectory, Oswestry 

Mickleburgh, John, Esq., Montgomery 
JMirehouse, Rev. John, M.A., Colsterworth Rectory, Grantham 

Morgan, Charles, Esq., Great Baddow, Chelmsford, Essex 

Morgan, Edward, Esq., Machynlleth 

Morgan, Rev. Hugh, Vicarage, Rhyl 
*|Morgan, T. 0., Esq., Aberystwith 
*t:j:Morris, Edward Rowley, Esq., Homestay, Newtown 

*Newill, Thomas, Esq., Powis Castle Park, Welshpool 
*Nichols, John Gough, Esq., F.S.A., Holmwood Park, Dorking 

Owen, D. C. Lloyd, Esq., M.D., 18, Newhall Street, Birmingham 
JOwen, Mrs., Glansevern, Welshpool 
*tOwen, Rev. EHas, B.A., Caersws 

Owen, George, Esq., Plas Issa, Oswestry 

Owen, Rev. R. Trevor, M.A., Vicarage, Llangedwin 

Owen, Rev. Thomas, M.A., Hodnet, Market Drayton 

tJPowis, The Earl of, Powis Castle, Welshpool (President) 

tParker, Rev. F. W., Rectory, Montgomery 
Parker, W. T., Esq., Traethlawn, Welshpool 
Parry, Love Jones, Esq., M.P., F.S.A., Madryn Castle, Pwllheli 

JPerrott, Robert Simcocks, Esq., Bronhyddon, LlansantfFraid 
Powell, Evan, Esq., Newtown 

Powys, Bransby William, Esq., 38, Russell Square, London 
Price, Lewis R., Esq., 115, St. George's Square, London, S.W. 

t JPrice, Benjamin, Esq., 26, Salop Road, Welshpool 

JPritchard, Rev. David Pritchard, Ceuiarth, Machynlleth 

IPryce, Mrs., Gunley, Chirbury 

jPryce, Elijah, Esq., Plasgwyn, Prince's Park, Liverpool 
Pryce, Thomas, Esq., Whitehall, Batavia 
Pryce, Robert Davies, Esq., Cyffronydd, Welshpool 
Pugh, Wm. Buckley, Esq., Dolfor Hall, Kerry, and Patrington, Hull 
i:'ughe, David Robert, Esq., County Coroner, Machynlleth 

tRead, Offley Malcolm Crewe, Esq., Llandinam Hall, Llanidloes 
Richards, Thomas, Esq., 37, Great Queen Street, London 
Roberts, Rev. Richard, M.A., Vicarage, Llanwnog, Caersws 
Rutter, Thomas, Esq., Welshpool 

Sudeley, The Lord, Toddington, Gloucestershire (Vice-President) 



XIX 

St. Asaph, The Bishop of, The Palace, St. Asaph (Vice-President) 

Shrewsbury, The R. C. Bishop of, Belmont, Salop 

Salt, George Moultrie, Esq., Salop 

Salisbury, Rev. George Augustus, M.A., Westbury Rectory, Salop 
*Sandford, Rev. George, M.A., Eldon Vicarage, Sheffeeld 

Savin, Thomas, Esq., Oswestry 

Slaughter, Rev. Edward, St. Mary's, Old Bidston Road, Birkenhead 
tSmith, Charles Perin, Esq., Trenton, New Jersey, U.S. America 

Smith, J. Russell, Esq., 36, Soho Square, London 

Sotheran, Henry, Esq., 136, Strand, London 

Sturkey, R. H. Esq., The Pentre Meifod, Welshpool 

Sturkey, Thomas, Esq., Newtown 

Swithinbank, J. E., Esq., LL.D., Percy Park, Tynemouth 

Taylor, Rev. A. L., The Grammar School, Ruabon 
Temple, Rev. R., M.A., Glanbrogan, Oswestry 

*Thoraas, Rev. D. R., M.A., Rectory, Cefn, St. Asaph 
Tompson, Rev. F. H., M.A. Vicarage, Llanllwchaiarn 
Tracy, the Hon. C. D. Hanbury, M.P., Dolforwyn Hall, Newtown 

tTrevor, E. R. S., Esq., Penylan Hall, Welshpool 
Trinity College Library, Cambridge (Rev. R. Sinker, M.A., Librarian) 
Tudor, Owen Davies, Esq., 2, Cottingham Road, South Kensington, 
London 

fTurnbull, James, Esq., M.D., Rodney Street, Liverpool 

tJTurner, Rev. J. J., M.A., Welshpool 

Vemey, G. H., Esq., Claydon House, near Winslow, Bucks 
ifWynn, Sir Watkin Williams, Bart., M.P., Wynnstay, Ruabon (Vice- 

*t Wynne, W. W. E., Esq., F.S.A., Peniarth, Towyn (Vice-President) 
*t:|:Walker, David, Esq., Architect, Liverpool 
JWilding, William, Esq., Town Clerk, Montgomery 

Williams, Edward, Esq., Ebnal Lodge, Oswestry 

Williams, Edward, Esq., Neuadd feben, Talgarth 
J Williams, Rev. John, M.A., Rectory, Newtown 

* Williams, Rev. Canon Robert, M.A., Rectory, Llanfyllin 
*Williams, Rev. Robert, M.A., Rectory, Rhyd y croesau, Oswestry 
*tJWilliams, Richard, Esq., Newtown 

* Williams, Rev. W. Maddock, M.A., Barncote, Reigate Hill, Reigate 
Withy, William, Esq., Golfa, Welshpool 

fWynn, Charles Watkin Williams, Esq., M.P., Coed y Maen, Welsh- 
pool 
Wynne, Mrs. Brownlow, Garthewin, near Abergele 

NEW MEMBERS (sincc October 1st, 1873). 
Beattie, Joseph, Esq., 242, Hagley Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham 
Jones, T. Simpson, Esq., Trinity College, Cambridge 
Marsh, Miss Mary, Tybrith, Carno 
Powell, Samuel, Esq., Severn Street, Welshpool 

c 2 



THE POWYS-LAND CLUB. 



The Sixth Annual Meeting of the Powys-land Club was held in the 
National School Room, Welshpool, on Friday, October 2nd, 1873, at 
three p.m. There were present— The Right Hon. the Earl of Powis, 
the President of the Club; Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart., M.P. ; Thomas 
Bo wen, Esq., Old Bank, Welshpool ; William Fisher, Esq., Maesfron, 
Welshpool ; Abraham Howell, Esq., Rhiewport, Welshpool ; Richard 
Jehu, Esq., London ; Morris Paterson Jones, Esq., 20, Abercromby 
Square, Liverpool; Thomas Simpson Jones, Esq., Trinity College, 
Cambridge ; Stanley Leighton, Esq., Sweeney Hall, Oswestry ; Rev. 
David Phillips Lewis, Vicarage, Guilsfield; Henry Lloyd, Esq., of 
Dolobran and London ; Thomas Owen Morgan, Esq., Aberystwith ; 
Benjamin Price, Esq., Welshpool ; Capt. Offley Malcolm Crewe-Read, 
R.N., Llandinam Hall, Llanidloes ; Thomas Rutter, Esq., Welshpool ; 
Rev. D. R. Thomas, Cefn Rectory, St. Asaph ; David Walker, Esq., 
Liverpool; Richard Williams, Esq., Newtown ; William Withy, Esq., 
Golfa, Welshpool; and Charles W. W. Wynn, Esq., M.P., Coed y 
Maen, Welshpool ; and also Thomas Withy, Esq., Welshpool ; Llew- 
elyn Howell, Exeter College, Oxford; and Rev. Charles Boutell, 
London ; and the Hon. Secretary, Morris Charles Jones, Esq., F.S.A., 
Gungrog, Welshpool. 

The President, in calling for the report of the General Committee, 
said: I congratulate the Secretary (Mr. Morris Jones) on the 
activity and energy with which he has carried out an object which he 
has advocated for many years — that is, providing a Museum for the 
Society, so that the Society will become adscriphis glehee, not in the 
sense of being a serf but a freeholder. 

The following Report was then read : — 

Report of the General Committee to the Sixth Annual Meeting of the 
Powys-land Club, held at Welshpool on the 2nd October, 1873. 
The Powys-land Club enters upon the seventh year of its existence 
under happy auspices. The Members now are 154 in number, being 
the largest number to which the roll of the Members has yet attained, 
and shewing an increase of eleven over the number recorded in the 
last Report. Happily no death has occurred during the last year. 
Intimation has been received of two intended resignations ; and, on 
the other hand, the accession of three new Members has to be an- 
nounced. So slight a fluctuation in the roll of Members, coupled 
with Its increasing numbers, is a matter for congratulation. 



XXI 



The Rules of the Club ordaiu that the Members of the Council 
should be elected at this present meeting. A list, accordingly, has 
been circulated, which impHes a comparatively light change, in the 
appointment of the Rev. W. V. Lloyd, R.N., whose services to the 
Club have been indeed invaluable, as one of the Honorary Secretaries; 
and that of Stanley Leighton, Esq., as a Member of the Council. 

The Report of the Treasurer shews the financial affairs of the Club 
to be in a prosperous condition, the balance in hand having increased 
from £116:3:10 to £157:2, in addition to £8:8, being the 
amount of subscriptions in arrear. This gratifying increase is in 
part to be attributed to the circumstance that six new Members have 
purchased complete sets of the Transactions, thus paying £6:6 each 
to the credit of the Club. The stock of complete sets of the Transac- 
tions of the Club now consists of little more than thirty sets ; to 
these must be added some extra copies of the later numbers of the 
Transactions. This stock represents a value of not less than £200, 
besides a number of valuable wood blocks. 

The acknowledgments of the Club are due to the Earl of Powis 
for the illustration of the Herbert monument in Montgomery Church : 
to Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart., for the loan of ten volumes of 
the valuable MS. pedigrees of the late Joseph Morris ; to the Cheva- 
lier Lloyd, K.S.G., for eight illustrations of Llanidloes Church : and 
to the Rev. W. V. Lloyd, R.N., for four illustrations of the Richard 
Lloyd (of Marrington) sheriff notice. The liberality which thus has 
enriched and beautified the Transactions of the Club, the Committee 
trust may be regarded as an example to be followed as well as a 
claim for grateful acknowledgment. 

It is to be hoped that the interest of the Transactions has been 
fully maintained. Several fresh subjects have been commenced, 
and many others are in progress towards completion ; and, in order 
to secure for the succeeding parts of the Montgomeryshire Collections 
that the articles contained in them should equal their predecessors 
in both interest and extent, it is necessary to make an earnest appeal 
to Members and others for additional literary contributions. 

It is not possible to estimate too highly the importance of infor- 
mation being promptly communicated by Members to the Honorary 
Secretaries concerning the discovery or the existence of early relics or 
objects of curiosity in the district ; nor can such information contain 
too minutely detailed particulars. The 'Mortarium', an object of 
extreme rarity, which was found at the Bank Farm, Pool Quay, 
really was discovered twenty-four years ago, and has been prized 
throughout this long space of time by the tenant's wife simply as " a 
nice thing in which she could keep sand for scouring her pots and 
pans"; and, accordingly, for that ignoble purpose, this relic was used 
almost for a quarter of a century. Through the generosity of the 
President it now happily forms an important item amidst the Roman 
remains that have been discovered in this county. The necessity for 
bestowing careful attention to minute details in describing any archa3- 
ological object is well exemplified in the articles upon the * Effigies in 



XXll 

Montgomery Church.' The character of the collar represented in the 
effigy No. 2, with the white lion attached to it (the latter hidden 
from view in the engraving by the uplifted hands), fixed the date of 
the effigy within ten years, whereas, without the specific information 
thus conveyed, the date ranged over twenty-five years ; the collar 
also determined the fact that the person represented, otherwise un- 
known, was an adherent of the House of York. Again, the bendlet 
charged upon the inescutcheon of the arms of Mortimer, displayed 
upon the jupon of the other effigy, and repeated upon the panache- 
crest, at once declared this to have been the memorial, not of an Earl 
of March, but of a cadet of the noble and historic House of Mortimer. 
Reference is here made to these rainutise with a view to impress upon 
Members that, in the description of any archaeological object, no par- 
ticularity can be superfluous ; since, indeed, it is far better even to 
err on the side of minuteness of details, than to incline in the oppo- 
site direction of vague generality. 

" In concluding their Report, the Committee feel much pleasure in 
being able to announce that the difficulty attending the providing a 
depository for the contents of the Powys-land Museum at length has 
been overcome. A suitable site, which recently was offered for sale 
by auction, has been purchased for £400 by one of the Honorary 
Secretaries, on his own responsibility, in the confident hope that this 
purchase would receive the approval of the Members of the Club ; 
and this expectation has been realised, the whole amount of the pur- 
chase-money having been raised almost spontaneously, so that the 
site will shortly be ready to be conveyed to Trustees on behalf of the 
Powys-land Club, to be dealt with as the Club shall determine. 

*' This purchase, already represented merely as providing a site for 
some future building, really comprises an ornamental cottage, which 
is capable of forming a room 23 feet by 12 feet, together with a gar- 
den, the area of the whole containing 635 s:iuare yards of land, and 
having a frontage of 26 yards to Salop Road, Welshpool, and a side 
frontage to the Red Lane, leading to Guilsfield, of 32 yards. This pro- 
perty is in the immediate neighbourhood of the parish church of 
Welshpool, and it appears in every respect to be well adapted for the 
purpose that is proposed. The capabilities of this site in respect to 
position and extent evidently are such as to admit the erection, at 
some future time, of a building of ample size for any requirements of 
the Powys-land Museum ; whilst, on the other hand, the existing 
cottage by a small outlay at once can be made to provide such a 
depository as at the present time is required, thus leaving a more 
ambitious building for future consideration. Future operations ne- 
cessarily must depend upon the amount of support the project may 
receive, as well in the form of pecuniary contributions, as of archaeo- 
logical and otherwise interesting objects that may be presented and 
added to the collections. At the present moment the duty of the 
Committee does not extend beyond making the foregoing statement, 
coupled with an application to the Club to approve what already has 
been done, and also to authorise a general appeal being made to the 
members and others for support for the Museum project. 



XXUl 



" The Committee hope that the next, the seventh annual meeting 
of the Club may be held in the Powys-land Museum, and that an 
exhibition then may be formed on a far more extensive scale than 
hitherto has been attempted. 

"The success of this Museum project, which in its early stage al- 
ready is assured, can be fully realised only by no inconsiderable degree 
of self-denial on the part of the members who may be disposed to 
place their archaeological and other treasures in the Museum, to be 
associated with the various objects and collections it may contain, and 
where they may be accessible by all for inspection and study. 

" Of the general importance of this project it is not necessary here 
to speak, since it cannot fail to commend itself, not only to the Mem- 
bers of the Club, but also to all who are interested in whatever may 
be associated either directly or indirectly with the historic district of 
Powys-land in times long passed away, or, indeed, may throw light 
upon the arts, the manners, and the usages of our ancestors in those 
early ages which now we rightly regard with great and increasing in- 
terest. While specially designed to bring together and to preserve 
local antiquities, it is intended that the Powys-land Museum should 
also become a home for all kindred relics ; and thus, as it has been 
well observed, while the local collections in our Museum in every most 
important quality may even excel what represents Powys-land in the 
British Museum itself, as all our collections, whether local or general, 
gradually increase in both number and variety, their contents continu- 
ally will derive new value from their association with fresh objects and 
the consequent enlargement of their field for comprehensive compa- 
rison and mutual illustration ; and, accordingly, our Museum will not 
cease to strengthen its claims for cordial support, by proving that with 
the lapse of time it constantly will grow in value and will rise to a 
still higher standard of intrinsic worthiness." 

The President then called upon Mr. Bowen, the Treasurer, to read 
the statement of accounts. 

Mr. Bowen read an abstract of the following statement. (See pp. 
xxiv and xxv.) 



XXIV 



The Powys-land Glut in account with Thomas Bowen, Hon. 

ending 30th 

To Cash paid as follows : — 

„ Mr. Richards for printing Report of Meeting, and supple- 
mentary part - - . - - 

,, Ditto for printing Part XII _ _ - 

„ Ditto for printing Part XIII _ _ - 

„ Paid for Illustrations _ . _ _ 

„ Paid for Sundries : — 

,, „ Expenses of Meeting; Carriage of parcels from Mr. 
Richards of Reports and Parts XII and XIII, and 
postage of same to Members, and also of back 
parts to new Members ; postage of circulars collect- 
ing Subscriptions, and remitting same - - 17 12 10 

,, Balance carried down . _ . _ _ 157 2 



^12 14 


6 


62 5 





53 6 





13 15 






£306 15 4 



XX\' 



Treasurer y for the year commencing \st October, 1872^ and 
September , 1873. 

By Balance in hand ---._. £116 3 10 

„ Cash received for Subscriptions as follows : — 
8 Subscriptions from Original Members at lO*. 6d. each 
108 ,, ,, Ordinary Members at £l Is. each 

,, New Members at £1 Is. each - 
„ ,, ,, at £1 lis. 6d. each 

,, ,, ,, at £2 2s. each - 

„ „ ,, at £6 6s. each - 

Special : — 
1 The Right Hon. the Earl of Powis 

1 The Chevalier Lloyd, K.S.G. - . - - 

Arrears received ------ 

Received for one back part _ - . . 

Subscriptions of next year paid in advance 
10 Members who last year paid this year's subscription in 

advance 
10 Members in arrear (amounting to ^8 8s.) 



4 4 





113 8 





4 4 





6 6 





4 4 





37 16 





5 5 





5 5 





2 12 


6 


10 


6 


6 16 


6 



£306 15 4 



October 1873, By Balance in hand - - - - 157 2 



XXVI 



The President : — I beg to move that the reports now read be passed 
and printed for distribution amongst the members, and that the Mu- 
seum project be carried out under the superintendence of the Museum 
Committee, and be recommended to the members of the Club and 
the pubHc for their support. 

Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart., M.P., seconded the motion, 
and said : — In this district, just on the border of England and Wales, 
with our many border castles, archaeology will be of much advantage 
to us, for it is proper we should try and find out from the remains 
which have been left to us what were the deeds of our ancestors. 

The motion was then carried unanimously. 

C. W. W. Wynn, Esq., M.P., moved that the following be the 
officers of the Club for the next three years, viz.: — 

President. 
THE EARL OF POWIS. 

Vice-Presidents. 

THE MAEQUESS OF LONDONDEEEY. 

THE LOEB SUDELEY. 

THE BISHOP OF ST. ASAPH. 

SIE WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN, Bart., M.P. 

W. W. E. WYNNE, Esq., F.S.A. (of Peniarth.) 



Council. 



Eev. E. L. Babnwell, M.A., 

Melksham, Wilts. 
Sib Edmund Buckley, Bart., M.P., 

Plas Dinas. 
Ofplet Malcolm Cbewe-Eeade,Esq. 

Llandinam Hall, Llanidloes. 
Ven. Abchdeacon Ffoulkes, M.A,, 

Eectory, Llandyssil. 
Abbaham Howell, Esq., 

Ehiewport, Welshpool. 
David Howell, Esq., 

Dolguog, Machynlleth. 



Stanley Leighton, Esq., 

Sweeney Hall, Oswestry. 
Eev. D. Phillips Lewis, M.A., 

Vicarage, Guilsfield. 
The Chevalier Lloyd, K.S.G., 

Clochfaen, Llanidloes. 
Hon. Chas. Hanbuby Tracy, M.P., 

Gregynog, Newtown. 
Eev. Canon Eobt. Williams, M.A., 

Eectory, LlanfyUin. 
C. W. Williams Wynn, Esq., M.P., 

Coed y Maen, Welshpool. 



Hon. Treasurer. 

Thomas Bowen, Esq. (Messrs. Beck and Co. ), Welshpool. 

Hon. Secretaries. 

Morris C. Jones, Esq., P.S.A., 20, Abercromby Square, Liverpool 

■D Tx, -rr -. (^^^ Gungrog, Welshpool). 

Eev. W. V. Lloyd, E.N., M.A., F.E.G.S., Naval and Military Club, 

London. 

Capt. 0. M. Crewe-Read seconded the motion, which was passed. 

Ihe President then called upon the Rev. Charles Boutell, author 
ot Christian Monuments in England and Wales, Heraldry Historical 
and Popular, etc., who was on a visit in the neighbourhood, to make 
ChuTh^^"^^^^^ ^POii tlie two monumental effigies in Montgomery 

Mr. Boutell said— With much pleasure, my lord, I avail myself of 



XXVll 



I Pour lordship's permission and of the opportunity now afforded me 
through the kindness of my friend, the Hon. Secretary of the Club, 
Mr. Morris Jones of Gungrog, to say a few words in support of one 
particular paragraph in the report just read, and unanimously adopted 
by the meeting. I refer to the paragraph in which the attention of mem- 
bers of the Club is specially directed to the importance of very care- 
fully observing and faithfully recording all the most minute details 
when describing any object of archaeological interest or curiosity. In 
illustration of what is so well said on this matter in your report, I 
will now invite your lordship's attention and the attention of the 
meeting to the two fine early monumental effigies which now lie side 
by side in the south transept of Montgomery Church. Some little 
time ago your Secretary was so kind as to send me impressions of the 
engravings of these effigies, together with the article devoted to a de- 
scription of them, and published with the engravings in the April part 
of this year's Transactions of the Powys-land Cluh. At the same time 
Mr. Jones requested me to communicate to him any observations sug- 
gested by the engravings, which might appear to me to be desirable 
to add to the descriptive notice already published. Accordingly, in 
compliance with his request, I sent to Mr. Jones, in the form of a 
" note," the supplementary remarks upon the Montgomery effigies, 
which have been printed in the part of the Club's Transactions just 
issued. That " note" was written before I had seen the effigies, and 
solely from what the engravings of them had to tell on their behalf. 
During the present week, through the kindness of Mr. Jones, I have 
been enabled to make a careful examination of the original sculptures 
in Montgomery Church, when I found various details of no common 
interest still remaining to be noticed, in order to place in the Trans- 
actions of the Club a complete description of these singularly interest- 
ing examples of early monumental art. The armorial blazonry so well 
known of the great house of Mortimer displayed on the jupon which 
covers the mail hawberk and the breastplate in the earlier effigy 
("No. 1," in the memoir and note) had already assigned that memo- 
rial to a Mortimer ; and, indeed, notwithstanding the admitted pre- 
sence of a bendlet upon the inescutcheon, these arms had led to the con- 
clusion that the effigy represented, and was designed to commemorate 
one of the Earls of March. That this effigy represents a Mortimer 
cannot be questioned, and, so far as I am aware, this is the only effigy 
of a member of that illustrious house known to be in existence \ but 
the bendlet charged upon the inescutcheon, in conformity with an 
heraldic usage of especial significance, known as " differencing," is a 
proof, that instead of being one of the Earls of March, the particular 
Mortimer of the effigy was some cadet of their historic family. The 
Earls of March themselves bore their remarkable arms with the ines- 
cutcheon silver and quite plain, the tinctures of the rest of the shield 
being gold and blue. By other Mortimers of Wigmore the same arms 
were borne, differenced either by changing the tincture from blue to 
red, or by placing various differencing charges, as a bendlet or a saltire, 
upon the inescutcheon, or by substituting an ermine inescutcheon for 



XXVIU 



one of silver. (These Mortimer " differences" Mr. Boutell exemplified, 
as he proceeded, with chalk diagrams on a black board.) In a roll 
of arms, its date nearly coinciding with that of the effigy, lately pub- 
lished in the Archceologia, a shield of the " Mortimer Arms," having 
the inescutcheou differenced with " a bendlet gules" is assigned to 
" William de Mortimer." The arms of the Earls of March, as I need 
scarcely add, on several occasions were quartered with the royal in- 
signia of England. This marshalling appears in four of the shields in 
the series which adorn -the monument of Queen Elizabeth in West- 
minster Abbey. Photographs from casts of this entire series of shields, 
thirty-six in number, that have just been taken, with the sanction of 
the Dean, by one of the vergers of the Abbey, Mr. Berrington, a 
highly intelligent man, have been sent to me to-day, and I am glad 
to be able to place them before the meeting. The arms of the Morti- 
mers of Wigmore, Earls of March, without difference, also are mar- 
shalled in the same manner on shields upon the monuments of Henry 
VII and his mother in Westminster Abbey, and upon the monumen- 
tal chantry of Prince Arthur Tudor in Worcester Cathedral. My 
examination of the effigy at Montgomery has shown me the Mortimer 
crest to have the panache differenced also, as in the inescutcheon, with 
a bendlet, this bendlet being continued from the uppermost of the four 
upright heights of the feathers across the two other heights 
which form the conical apex of the panache plume. This is 
an early and an extremely interesting example of a differenced 
crest. Another example, somewhat earlier and also of very great in- 
terest, is the original crest of the Black Prince, still preserved with 
his helm, in Canterbury Cathedral : here the lion crest of England is 
differenced with the Prince's own silver label. Other examples of the 
differenced crests of illustrious personages occur in the garter-plates 
of the fifteenth century in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. 
The Tyndalls differenced their panache or plume crests. The pre- 
sence of the crest, I may observe, shows the Mortimer of the effigy 
to have been a near relative of the Earl (as his differenced inescutcheon 
proves him not to have been one of the Earls of March), crests having 
been assumed and worn towards the close of the fourtenth century 
only by personages of high rank and distinction. The crest-coronet 
which forms the upper part of the plain cylindrical tilting-helm be- 
neath the head of the Mortimer effigy, and is very rich in its leafage, 
is rendered with excellent effect and remains almost uninjured. The 
roses of the wreath that encircles the basinet are linked together with 
entwined chains, and are not in contact. A similar wreath appears in 
the brass to William, Lord Willoughby d'Eresby, a.d. 1409, at Spilsby 
in Lincolnshire ; and I may refer to another example in a remark- 
able sculptured effigy, about a.d. 1375, in Tewkesbury Abbey Church. 
On the forehead of the Montgomery effigy are remains of what appears 
to have been a cap worn under the basinet ; and the attachment of 
the camail to the basinet is clearly shown. The mail of the hawberk 
appears under the arms ; the defences of the limbs, with the guards 
for the elbows and knees, are represented with care and in conformity 



XXIX 



the prevailing usage of the era of the sculpture ; on the right 
of the figure there are remains of the misericorde, with distinct 
3es of the manner of its adjustment ; the original straps and buckles 
the spurs with the gussets of mail over the insteps may still be 
jen, but the toes of the soUerets have been rounded off. The other 
jffigy, " No. 2" of the memoir and notes, in like manner gains greatly 
minute examination. A truly noble work modelled with great 
dll, and in far more perfect preservation than the engraving had led 
le to expect, this effigy represents a man of stalwart frame and com- 
landing figure in the prime of life, and its broad and massive pro- 
)ortions contrast strongly with the slight and spare figure of the evi- 
lently more youthful Mortimer now lying by its side. The head of 
the figure, bare and with long hair, rests on a helm, partly broken 
Lway, with a flowing mantling, the crest-wreath remaining ; but of 
'the crest itself there remain only the two fore-clawed eagle-feet and 
the two hind lion-paws of a griffin, which, however, may lead to the 
identification of the Yorkist knight here represented, for Yorkist most 
certainly he was, as is shown conclusively by the collar of suns and 
roses of York, worn about the neck of the effigy with the character- 
istic pendant lion of the house of March. In this instance, even more 
than in that of the Mortimer effigy, the more minute the examination 
of all the details of the armour may be, the more satisfactory does 
this figure become as a characteristic example of the military equip- 
ment in use at the period, a.d. 1460-1470, to which without hesita- 
tion it is to be assigned. In accordance with the usage then preva- 
lent, the plate armour here represented appears worn without any 
surcoat, and consequently it is without any display of heraldic insig- 
nia. The armour in the original is more highly finished and the de- 
tails are more fully made out than the engraving suggests ; thus the 
shoulder-guards are more exact in form and adjusted with greater 
care ; the joints in the defences of the limbs are clearly shown ; the 
mail gorget rises from within the moulded ridge of the breastplate ; 
the straps and buckles which fasten the breast and back plates are 
represented, and the breastplate itself is reinforced in front with a 
second plate, the adjustment of which is carefully shown ; the escal- 
loped taces also, with their fastenings, and the tuilles both in front 
of the figure and at its sides with their straps and buckles, are sculp- 
tured with the utmost exactness. The slender belt or cord for sus- 
taining the misericorde on the right side of the figure remains, cross- 
ing the person of the knight from left to right under the diagonal 
sword-belt ; but, like the sword, the misericorde itself has been broken 
away. The knee-guards, again, the spurs also, without rouelles, and 
the spur-straps, are all well preserved in the effigy itself. The ani- 
mal upon which the feet rest is a lion. Let me not omit to observe 
that it is scarcely possible to give a completely faithful representation 
with all minute details of armed effigies, without a previous familiarity 
with works of their order, and without considerable experience both 
in examining and comparing various examples as well of the same 
period as of different periods. In early monumental sculpture no 



XXX 



other country can rival our own ; and among works of their own class 
in England and Wales, places of honour may justly be claimed for the 
two effigies in Montgomery Church. 

Mr. Boutell, at this point in his address, briefly directed the atten- 
tion of the meeting to a group of rubbings from remarkably fine monu- 
mental brasses, which he had placed on the walls of the room in order 
to illustrate some of the more decided and important typical forms 
assumed by mediaeval armour in Great Britain. After this Mr. 
Boutell, again addressing the noble President, said : 

As the subject of heraldry has already engaged your lordship's 
attention and the attention of the members of the Club, I venture 
to hope I may be pardoned if I avail myself of the present oppor- 
tunity, here in Powys-land, to offer one or two remarks upon a 
matter, strictly heraldic, which I think I may assume to possess strong 
claims upon the sympathies of the members of the Powys-land Club. 
I refer to the armorial insignia of the principality of Wales in con- 
nection with the heraldic achievement of the Prince of Wales. As 
heir apparent to the Crown, his Royal Highness bears a title, a title 
which none but an heir apparent may bear, derived from the princi- 
pality of Wales. His Royal Highness also bears several other titles ; 
but it is as Prince of Wales that we all know him so well and value 
him so highly. For each of his other dignities and titles the Prince 
bears its own proper heraldic blazonry ; and yet, most strange is the 
fact that so far as authority is concerned, for the first and highest of 
his titles and dignities the shield of the Prince of Wales marshals no 
distinctive insignia. The shield of the Prince of Wales, in other 
words, as it is blazoned by authority, is charged with everything ex- 
cept the arms of the principality of Wales. In my own volume. 
Heraldry Historical and Popular, published ten years ago, I inserted 
an engraving of the armorial shield of the Prince of Wales, marshalled 
not by the College of Arms, but by myself; and in this shield thein- 
escutcheon charged upon the differenced royal shield in its first quarter 
bears a coat which has long been assigned to the principality of Wales. 
It is the coat displayed, as the " arms of Wales," on the monument of 
Queen Elizabeth, to which I have already made reference ; and this 
very shield of the monument is here represented in the photograph I 
placed in your lordship's hands — it is a shield quarterly, in each quarter 
a lio7i passant guardant,the tinctures being or and gules counterchanged ; 
and there appears to be some uncertainty as to the field of the first 
quarter, whether it should be of the metal or of the colour, which 
would necessarily determine the alternation of the tinctures of the 
entire shield. This shield of Wales upon the monument of Queen 
Elizabeth is one in a group of four shields, the three others being for 
Cornwall, Chester, and Ireland. Since the publication of my en- 
graving no public action has been taken by the College of Arms with 
reference to the armorial shield of the Prince of Wales ; but, on the 
other hand, no objection whatever at any time or in any quarter has 
been advanced against my own marshalling of the shield of his 
Royal Highness. For myself I am disposed to maintain that the 



XXXI 



Ijjhield of the Prince of Wales has a right to bear the arms of the 
principality ; that the arms of the principality of Wales have a right to 
take precedence and to appear in the first quarter of the inescutcheon 
of the Prince. The shield of the Prince of Wales is an heraldic history, 
and without the arms of the principality of Wales that history 
fails in one of its most vital points. Whether the shield dis- 
played upon the monument of Queen Elizabeth is, or is not, the true 
armorial shield of the entire principality of Wales, I leave without any 
comment. I am well aware that distinct coats of arms have been 
assigned to North Wales and to South Wales, and then Powys-land 
has its own red lion rampant ; but, without discussing what the arms 
may be which the Prince of Wales should bear for his principality, I 
am content to have spoken on the general subject of the arms of Wales 
in connection with the Prince of Wales at a meeting of the Powys-land 
Club, and I can most happily leave the further consideration of this 
highly interesting subject with the members of the Club. My own 
feeling on this matter I may sum up in these few words — I desire to 
have the arms of Wales marshalled by authority upon the inescutcheon 
of the Prince of Wales, and I claim for those arms the place of honour 
there in the first quarter. 

The Rev. D. P. Lewis, Guilsfield, said : —I move that the thanks of 
this Club be given to the President for presiding at this meeting. I 
am sure that we all feel extremely obliged to Lord Powis for his kind- 
ness in coming down to preside on this occasion. I just wish to make 
a remark in reference to one point that has been mooted to-day at 
this meeting, in reference to the Museum. Mr. Morris Jones reminded 
me the other day of a remark that T made some years ago, and which 
he wished me to repeat. I said at one of the first meetings of the Powys- 
land Club, that I thought it exceedingly useful that by establishing 
this local museum we should gather together articles of local archaeo- 
logical interest which, in private collections, are almost entirely lost 
sight of. There are a great number of such articles hereabouts which 
are of very great interest in the neighbourhood where they have been 
collected, but are of very little when they get into other parts of the 
country and no one knows where they come from. Things of this 
sort, such as traces of battles, weapons of war, etc., which are always 
most interesting, should be brought into the local museum; for if, for 
instance, they get into a clergyman's family, the son may very likely 
take them to another part of the country, and, though they may be 
preserved and regarded with interest, they would be better in a 
museum where people know where they came from. I hope the plan 
of a museum will now be successfully carried out. 

Abraham Howell, Esq., seconded the motion, which was carried. 

The President, in reply, said :— We are all very much obliged to 
Mr. Boutell for his kindness, and he deserves the thanks of all for his 
very interesting description of the effigies. 

This concluded the proceedings. 



THE ARMS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES. 



i 



We have been favoured with the following letter from the Rev. 
Charles Boutell, making a practical suggestion on this subject, which 
is submitted for the consideration of the members of the Powys-land 
Club :— 

To Morris Charles Jones, of Gungrog, Esq., F.S.A., Honorary 
Secretary of the Powys-land Cluh, etc., etc. 

London, October 20th, 1873. 

My dear Sir, — Since the annual meeting of the Powys-land Club, 
on the 3rd instant, when I had the honour to address to the noble 
President and the assembled members of the Club a few remarks upon 
the arms of the principality of Wales in connection with the armorial 
shield borne by H.R.H, The Prince of Wales, I have been enabled 
through your kindness to read the series of communications upon 
this same subject that have been addressed by several correspondents 
to the editor of Bye-gones, and republished under that general title 
from the columns of the Oswestry Advertiser. Of Bye-gones, as a 
whole, I trust I may be permitted to express the opinion that I regard 
it as a publication of no common order, replete with information that 
always is curious and interesting, and often also of great value. Upon 
the subject of the " Heraldic Grievance of Wales," however, Bye-gones 
can scarcely be said to have advanced much beyond the position I 
myself assumed some seven or eight years before this subject was first 
introduced (December 6th, 1871) by yourself under the signature of 
" S" into the "Bye-gones" column of the Oswestry Advertiser. 

In the third edition (published early in 1864) of my Heraldry 
Historical and Popular, section vii of chapter xix (pp. 322-331) is 
devoted to "the arms of their Royal Highnesses the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, and of the other members of the Royal Family ;" 
and here I have invited special attention to the equally singular and 
unbecoming circumstance, that the arms of the Prince of Wales, as 
marshalled by authority, do not display any heraldic insignia for the 
Prince's principality of Wales. I have added a claim on behalf of 
the principality that its proper insignia should be marshalled upon 
the inescutcheon of the Prince, and marshalled there in the first 
quarter, such precedence being the right of the principality, as higher 
in dignity and rank than any dukedom. In illustration of this claim, 
I have inserted in my volume a plate displaying the shield of the 
Prince thus marshalled ; and in my text I have noticed (as fully as 
ray limited space would permit) certain comparatively early examples 
of arms, either actually borne by Heirs Apparent to the English Crown 
as Princes of Wales, or accepted as the armorial bearings of the prin- 



XXXlll 

ipality. The writers in Bye-gones have gone more fully into details 
lan I was able to do, but without adducing any fresh matters of 
jt ; they have rightly rejected any such arms for all Wales as might 
ive been devised for and assigned to Welsh Princes, who flourished 
md died in what I may entitle pre-heraldic times ; and they have 
suggested (a suggestion that I am unable to adopt) that the singularly 
unsatisfactory shield displayed on the seal of Edward V, as Prince of 
Wales, and by Prince Arthur Tudor, may have been the Royal shield 
of England differenced by changed tinctures, and also by a very de- 
cided change in the attitude, and in the character as expressed through 
the attitude, of the three lions. 

I may here remark, that the monumental chantry of Arthur Tudor, 
Prince of Wales, in Worcester Cathedral, rich as it is in heraldic 
adornment, does not display the shield with the three lions coward in 
pale (engraved from the seals, in my Heraldry^ plate xl) ; but the 
shield of the Prince there blazoned is the royal shield of his father, 
France Modern and England quarterly, differenced with the Prince's 
own label of three points ; and the royal shield, so differenced for 
Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, is supported by two harts, and en- 
signed with an open coronet (the circlet heightened with crosses, but 
without fleurs-de-lys), a single ostrich feather being above the coronet 
and a group of three ostrich feathers being below the shield. 

Henry Frederick, eldest son of James I, Prince of Wales, and 
Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, the father of George IIT, were 
buried in Westminster Abbey, but no monument was erected to their 
memory. Both Princes bore the royal arms, differenced with a plain 
silver label of three points ; in like manner, the royal arms so differ- 
enced were borne by the other Princes of Wales who became Kings ; 
and I do not find the three lions coward ever to have been borne by 
any of these Princes of Wales. 

I may add, that upon the monument of Edward Plantagenet, Prince 
of Wales, the Black Prince, in Canterbury Cathedral, the armorial 
insignia — for which careful provision had been made in his will by 
the Prince himself — are the royal shield with the silver label, and a 
black shield with three separate ostrich feathers, his " badge", as the 
Prince expressly entitles the feathers ; and these two shields he styles, 
the former his shield "for war," and the latter ''for peace". 

Upon the shield bearing the three lions coward, assigned, without 
even a shadow of genuine historical authority, to " Rhodri Mawr 
before Wales was divided into three principalities" (and, therefore, 
regarded as the arms of the entire principality), I may observe that, 
since it appears upon the hilt of the well-known sword of the earldom 
of Chester now in the British Museum (as stated in Bye-gones, p. 29, 
with a reference to the ArcJioeologia, xxxi, 369), this shield may have 
been at least as closely connected with the earldom of Chester as with 
the principality of Wales. 

There remain for consideration — 1. The shield bearing. Quarterly 
gules and or (or quarterly or and gides), four lions passant guardant 
(a shield strongly suggestive of having been derived from the royal 

d 



XXXIV 



shield of England), assigned to Gwynedd, or North Wales ; 2, gules, 
three chevrons argent (suggestive of derivation, with change of tine- ■ 
tures, from the shield of the powerful Earls of Gloucester), assigned to 
Dyped, or South Wales j and 3, or, a lion rampant gules, the historic 
arms of Powys-land. 

Of these three shields, the first appears, sculptured in very low 
relief, upon the basement of the monument erected by James I to 
Queen Elizabeth in Westminster Abbey ; but, since the shields on 
this monument may have been coloured, this shield, as it now ap- 
pears, does not determine whether the tincture of the first quarter 
was or or gules. This shield upon the monument is grouped with the 
shields of the dukedom of Cornwall, the earldom of Chester, and 
Ireland (without diiference) ; and, I think, it may be accepted as 
certain that this shield was considered in the time of James I to dis- 
play the arms of Wales — of the entire principality that is (see Bye- 
gones, p. 25, with the references in p. 26 to Harl. MSS., 6,085 and 
6,096, in the British Museum, etc.) ; and the same opinion may 
fairly be assumed to have prevailed somewhat earlier. Still, whatever 
value and authority may be assigned to the monument of Queen 
Elizabeth and to certain contemporary documents in support of this 
shield as bearing the " arms of Wales," it must be borne- in mind 
that this really is isolated evidence, since it fails to find confirmation 
either much earlier or at all later; so that, on the whole, of this 
shield it can scarcely be affirmed, that it has made out and esta- 
blished a positive claim for acceptance and recognition by ourselves, 
as the historical heraldic representative of the principality. 

It does not appear to be necessary to discuss the question as to 
whether the shield bearing the three silver chevrons ought to be re- 
garded as displaying the "arms of Wales." And, again, its time- 
honoured association with the Lords of Powys gives to that " ruddy 
lion ramping in gold^'' a distinctive character which, while identify- 
ing it with Powys-land as a section of Wales, forbids this armorial 
ensign being assigned to the principality of Wales as a whole. It is 
true, "that Owen Glendower, as Prince of Wales, in 1404, had all the 
lions (of the shield quarterly, that is) hlazoned rampant" (see Byegones, 
p. 18, with a reference to the Archceologia, xxv, 619). This, indeed, 
would appear to have been an attempt to combine the Powys lion 
with the shield quarterly, from whatever source and by whatever means 
that said shield may have become acclimatised within the borders of 
Cambria. 

Whatever may have been the views held at early times by Welsh- 
men, I am inchned to conjecture that the arms borne by native Welsh 
Princes may have been considered in England to have been personal 
insignia, and not territorial, and consequently they may not have been 
recognised by English authorities as the arms of the principality. The 
principality of Wales, indeed, would seem to have been regarded as 
so thoroughly incorporated with the realm of England, that the arms 
of England were understood to imply the arms of England and Wales. 



XXXV 



I Accordingly, in bearing the royal arms differenced with his own label, 
it would seem also to have been understood, that the Heir Apparent 
displayed upon his shield the arms of the Heir Apparent of England 
and Wales. And yet, since the distinctive title of the Heir Apparent 
is neither " Prince of England" nor " Prince of England and Wales," 
but " Prince of Wales," I must maintain true heraldry to require the 
Prince of Wales to bear distinctive arms for his distinctive title, as 
such arms certainly ought always to have been borne by all Princes 
of Wales, Heirs Apparent of England and Wales, or of Great Britain. 
Wales, an integral part of Great Britain, as a principality, has pre- 
cisely the same right and title to distinct armorial recognition and re- 
presentation that Scotland, also an integral part of Great Britain, has 
as a kingdom. The Duchy of Lancaster, also, still retains the 
armorial ensigns of the first Duke of Lancaster. Unfortunately, 
while no manner of doubt is associated with the blazonry of 

"Proud Scotland's Royal Shield," 

it is by no means certain what princely arms Wales may claim as her 
own. 

In this case, I venture to suggest that a formal memorial on this 
subject be submitted to the Prince of Wales, praying His Royal 
Highness to command the presentation of an equally formal memorial 
to the Earl Marshal, so that His Grace may require Garter and the 
other officers of arms officially to exemplify and record as The Arms 
OF Wales such blazoning as the Prince himself, with the supreme 
sanction and authority of the Sovereign, may declare to be " The 
ensigns armorial of the principality of Wales" This would imply the 
marshalling these " arms of Wales" upon the shield of the " Prince of 
Wales," now and for all time ; and every question as to the " arms of 
Wales" would finally be set at rest. 

The Society of Antiquaries has recently printed three rolls of arms, 
edited with great care and ability by Mr. W. S. Walford, F.S.A., and 
Dr. C. P. Percival, F.S.A., of which rolls the earliest is assigned by 
those gentlemen to about a.d. 1280, the other two being not quite so 
early, but not later than the reign of Edward I. In the first of these 
rolls, immediately following a series of eighteen imperial and royal 
shields and the banners of the Knights Templars and Hospitallers, 
and taking precedence of the arms of fifty-four counts and seven 
dukes, with those of many other personages of lower degree, is the 
following entry : — 

" Llewellin ap Griffith, — escartelle d'or et gules, 4 leons de Vun 
et Vautre^ 

In the third of these Rolls, the seventh entry is as follows : — 

thlin (probably for Llewellin) ap Griffid, — Quarterly or and 

gules, 4 lions statant guardant counterchanged. The six shields which 
precede this in the Roll are for the Kings of England and Scotland, 
the Earl Waren, and the Earls of Hereford, Lancaster, and Warwick. 
In the same roll, the 26th entry gives this same shield, differenced 

d2 



XXXVl 



by azure taking the place of gules, for David ap Griffid. Also, the 
second and the third of these rolls respectively give, Or, a lion ram- 
pant gules, to Jevan ap Griffid, and Griffid ap Wenunwyn ; and for 
Owen ap Griffid, the second Roll gives. Gules, a cross or between four 
eagles displayed argent. The first of these EoUs— a copy written in 
1606 by Nicholas Charles, Lancaster Herald — is in the Harleian MS., 
No. 6,589. The second Roll is in the possession of the Society of 
Antiquaries; and there also exists a copy in Harl. MS., No. 6,137. 
The third Roll, formerly in the possession of Sir Richard St. George, 
is now known to exist only in two copies, Harl. MSS., 6,137, and 
6 589. You will have observed, that in the earliest of these records 
the attitude of the four lions is not specified ; but it may be assumed 
that they are not rampant, since in other entries in the same Roll the 
word " rampant " is added when the lion is weU known to be a lion 
rampant, as in the Royal Shield of Scotland. The blazon in the third 
Roll, 1 think, will justify the assumption that the four lions of the 
first Roll are also lions " statant guardant^\ Three centuries later, we 
find these lions in closer conformity with the lions of England, passant 
guardant. I prefer the earlier blazon for the Arms of Wales, — each 
of the four lions standing with his four feet firmly planted on the 
field, and looking out, dignified and calm, from the shield. This 
quarterly marshalling with counterchanged tinctures would symbolize 
North Wales and South Wales in true heraldic fashion, the old dis- 
tinction between the two and their present union being equally 
represented. But Powys-land must also have similar honourable re- 
cognition and representation. This would be effected by placing 
the shield quarterly of North and South Wales in the first and fourth 
grand quarters of a shield, and the Powys lion rampant in the second 
and third grand quarters : in which case the blazon would be — Quar- 
terly of Grand Quarters, 1 and 4, Quarterly or and gules, four lio7is 
statant guardant counterchanged, for North Wales and South Wales : 
2 and 3, Or, a lion rampant gules, for Powys-land. I thus have 
sought the blazonry of the " Arms of Wales", exclusively from entries 
in early heraldic Rolls of the arms of Welsh Princes, without any 
reference to the second shield — so decided in its distinct individu- 
ality — of that renowned English Prince of Wales, Edward, the Black 
Prince. Had the eldest son of Edward III, thoughtful herald as 
he was, given the slightest intimation of any association between 
his second shield and his principality, I should not have failed to have 
claimed for the ostrich-feather shield its presence, in alliance with his 
Principality of Wales, upon the shield of the Prince of Wales of 
to-day. It would have formed a truly splendid B\i\Q[A— Quarterly of 
four grand quarters: 1 and 4, Quarterly or and gules, four lions 
statant guardant counterchanged,- — for North Wales and South 
Wales : 2 and 3, Or, a lion rampant gules, for Powys-land : over all, 
an inescutcheon sable, charged with three ostrich-feathers argent, for 
Edward, the " Black Prince", Prince of Wales, and his successors, 
Heirs Apparent, and Princes of Wales. But the Black Prince has 



I given no sign of any connection whatever between his principality and 
his ostrich-feather shield " for peace". And, I must add, that the 



XXXVll 




Shield of arms, as suggested in the text for Wales. 

nection with the principality of Wales, notwithstanding their intimate 
association with the Prince of Wales in his capacity as Heir Appa- 
rent. I am tempted here to add, if I am not able to suggest the 
presence of the " shield for peace" of the Black Prince in pretence 
upon the shield of Wales, that I am disposed to consider the shield 
of Wales might rightly be charged in pretence with a silver ines- 
cntcheon bearing the red dragon^ the characteristic device of more than 
one early native Welsh Prince. 

The shield of the Prince op Wales never ought to be marshalled 
without his arms as " Prince of Wales". When the insignia of the other 
dignities of His Koyal Highness are not displayed, the shield should 
be marshalled with the arms of the principality of Wales charged 
in an inescutcheon upon the shield of the Heir Apparent. In order to 
avoid the repetition of inescutcheons, when the insignia of all the 
dignities of His Royal Highness are displayed, the arms of the prin- 
cipality must be marshalled in the first quarter of the inescutcheon, 
that they may have that precedence which is rightly their own. The 
inescutcheon upon the shield of the Heir Apparent, accordingly, would 
be marshalled thus : — 1. Wales ; 2. Cornwall ; 3. Rothsay ; 4. 
Chester; 5. Carrick; 6. Dublin; 7. Isles; and, over all, Saxony. 
The Prince's Barony of Renfrew ought also to be represented. 

When borne alone, and as the arms of the Principality, the shield 
of Wales ought to be encircled by the garter of the illustrious order, 
since, in the roll of the knights, the name of the Prince of Wales 
always stands first. The shield thus environed would be ensigned 
with the helm and coronet of the Prince, and with the proper crest 
of Wales, a red dragon^ its tail nowed^ as it appears upon the seal of 
Owen Glendower — that red dragon of Wales which was held iu such 



xxxviu 



high honour by Henry VII. As supporters, I suggest a golden lion 
rampant guardant, and a red dragon segreant respectively, for the dexter 
and the sinister sides of the shield. But, when the arms of Wales 
are marshalled in their own first quarter of the inescutcheon of the 
Prince with the insignia of the other dignities of his Royal Highness, 
and the inescutcheon is charged in pretence upon the differenced 
royal shield of the Heir Apparent, the supporters would be the sup- 
porters of the royal shield of England differenced with the silver label 
of the Prince ; and the crest of England with the same difiference 
would have by its side the dragon-crest of Wales. 

I cannot consider it necessai-y to adduce any argument in support 
of the claim of Wales to have its own arms officially recognised by 
the highest authority, and duly borne by the Prince of Wales : but 
I may remark, that the royal armoury of the Heir Apparent to the 
crown of these realms signally fails both to do justice and to render 
becoming honour to itself, so long as the shield of the Prince of Wales 
is permitted to remain without the arms of the fair principality 
which gives His Royal Highness his distinctive title. 

I am, my dear Sir, 

Faithfully yours, 

Charles Boutell. 



P.S. — I have much pleasure in adding, in the form of a postscript, 
the substance of a passage which occurs in the number of the new 
weekly serial, the " King of Arms," published on Saturday last, in an 
article on " The Royal Ostrich Feathers Badge borne by the Prince of 
Wales." 

" It has been shown that the Ostrich Feathers are not the * Crest ' 
of Wales ; nor are they the * Crest,' but they are the ' Badge ' of the 
Prince of Wales, by his Royal Highness borne as Heir Apparent, and 
without any association with his title of * Prince of Wales' derived 
from his Principality of Wales. His Principality, consequently, has 
neither directly nor indirectly given to the Priuce of Wales his 
Ostrich Feather Badge. This, however, does not by any means 
imply that the Prince may not concede to his Principality a right to 
associate his ostrich feathers with the armorial insignia of Wales. 
Should it be the pleasure of his Royal Highness, the armorial shield of 
the Principality of Wales might have its lion and dragon supporters, 
each holding erect a single ostrich feather, without either coronet or 
difference, but with the motto ICH DIEN upon an escroll. Thus, 
while reviving an early usage. Heraldry would draw more closely the 
tie that unites the Prince with the Principality of Wales." 

Nov. 17, 1873. C. B. 



XXXIX 



%e Articles ^presented to the Powts-land Museum, previotis to the 
Annual Meeting, held in October, 1871, are enumerated in the 
" Montgomeryshire Collections," vol. iv, from p. xxix to p. xxxv. 
Those jpresented previous to the Annual Meeting, held in October, 
1872, are enumerated in vol. v, from p. xxvi to p. xxix. Those 
subsequently presented are as follows : — 



Ironze : — 

Presented by (5)* Rev. D. P. Lewis (1873). 
2. Processional cross found in Guilsfield (see Mont. Coll., vol. vi, 
). 407). It has been suggested it may have surmounted a mon- 
brance or a shrine. 

A curious bronze cross was exhibited by Lieutenant-Colonel Francis, 
of Swansea, for comparison. 

Presented by (1) Morris 0. Jones, F.S.A. (1873). 

68. Massive ring in bronze found in a Roman vase (with nu- 
lerous small coins) in the ancient amphitheatre of Aosta, about the 

rear 1857. 

69. Bronze celt found at Rhual near Mold (much corroded). 

70. Card containing Bronze key. 



71. 


» 


Early key of the fourteenth or fifteenth 
century. 


72. 


» 


Roman fibula. 


73. 


ti 


Pilgrim's token. 


74. 


}) 


Anglo-Saxon brooch. 


75. 


>) 


Ancient pin. 


76. 


J) 


Boss of ancient shield. 


77. 


>> 


Ancient lancet. 
„ armlet. 


78 to 80. 


>} 


Three other articles. 


SOther Metai 


, : — 





81. Card containing 17 mediaeval leaden seals or tokens bearing 
difierent devices. 

„ 14 mediaeval leaden seals from Brough. 

The impression of several like the devices in the Mathraval mould, 
see supra, p. 217. 

82. Ancient spur found in Parliament Fields, Liverpool. 

83. Ancient Javelin, from Carnarvon Castle. 
85. Small leaden vase found in Cambridgeshire. 

* Each donor's name has a large number prefixed, and each of his dona- 
[tions is numbered consecutively with a small number. This is done for the 
identification of each of the donations when they shall be properly arranged 
thereafter. 



xl 

86. Two specimens of African money, resembling and intended 
for comparison with, the ancient torques or penannular rings found 
at Llanrhaiadr (see Mont Coll.f vol. iv, p. 247). 

Presented by Thomas Gbiffith Jones. 
A side-arm or dagger 18 inches long, haft 6 inches, and blade 12 
inches, having on the blade the monogram " R.W. and M.B." 
underneath a crown ; and Captain Benjamin Davies, 168-, having a 
handle of neatly carved ivory with brass mountings. Found at 
Trewylan farm in the parish of Llansantffraid. 

Stone Implements, &c. : — 

Presented by (1) Morris C. Jones, F.S.A. (1873). 

87. Stone hammer found in Cambridgeshire. 

88. Three polished stone celts. 

89. Three pounding stones used in ancient mines in Anglesea. 
Spherical stone containing fossil. 

90. Series of flint implements, attached to five cards ; collected 
by Mr. Edward Tindal in the East Riding of Yorkshire, compris- 

ng cores, flakes, arrow points in various shapes, scrapers, knives, 
thumb flints, chisels, spearheads, &c. 

Presented by (57) the Earl .op Powis (1873). 

1. Roman lithic mortarium found at Dyer's Farm, Pool Quay 
(see Mont. Coll., vol. vi, p. 431). 

A similar example is in Shrewsbury Museum, and was found at 
Uriconium. It is not so perfect in shape. 

Presented by (7) Edward Hamer (1873). 

7. A flint knife found in 1873 upon Glanrafon grounds in the 
parish of Trefeglwys. 

8. A spherical stone found in the Castle Field, Caersws, while 
excavating the line of railway from Caersws to Camo. It is thought 
to be artificial. 

9. A round stone with a protuberance on either side. 

10. A flat circular stone, picked up on the mountain near Llyn 
Mawr, Llanwnog, by Mr. Richard Brown, Llanidloes. 

Presented by (58) Major W. Corbett of Vaynor (1873). 
^ 1. Three large recumbent effigies in white marble of the begin- 
ning of the seventeenth century ; one male figure in armour, and 
two female figures, probably members of the family of Pryce of 
Vaynor, whose heiress married an ancestor of Devereux, Viscount 
Hereford. An account of these will be given in a future volume. 

Presented by (59) Rev. T. H. Evans, Vicar of Llanwddyn (1873). 

1. Quern found at Llanwddyn, nether and upper stones. 

Presented by (60) E. S. R. Trevor, of Penylan (1873). 

1. Slate mould for casting leaden tokens (see Mont. Coll.f vol. vi, 
p. ^17). 



xli 

Presented by (9) W. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S. (1873). 

2. Model of a quoit-like disc of green stone found near Cor wen. 

3. Flint chippings from Cisbury Fort (see Archceologia.) 

Presented by (28) H. W. Lloyd (1873). 

3. Four pieces of tessellated pavement picked up at Caerwent 
(Isca Silurium of the Romans), near Chepstow. 

Coins found in Montgomeryshire : — 

Presented by (61) Mrs. Eddowes, Welshpool (1873). 

Two silver coins, one found near the Bowling-green, Welshpool, 
when the Cambrian Railway was being made ; and the other found 
opposite the Cross Foxes Inn, High Street, Welshpool. 

1. Silver penny of Edward III — Ohv. + Edwar. Angl. R. Dns. 
Hyh.—Bev. " Civitas London". Ending^ vol. ii, p. 307 ; also plate 
iii, fig. 16. 

2. Shilling of James I. Ohv. Jacobus D. G. Mag. Brit. ( ) 

— Bev. A harp crowned (legend illegible). Buding^ vol. ii, p. 388 ; 
also, vol. iii, part ii, plate v, fig. 7, note 6. 

3. Roman coin, 1st brass of Nero Claudius Drusus — much worn ; 
found in Maes Quastad, near Powis Castle Park. 

Other Coins : — 

Presented by (1) Morris C. Jones, F.S.A. (1873). 
Coins — Roman, from the Amphitheatre at Aosta. 

91. Gallienus, third brass (27) ; 92. CI. Gothicus, third brass 
(16) ; 93. Uncertain, second and third brass (8); 94. Solonina, wife of 
Gallienus, third brass (4) ; 95. Aurelianus, third brass (4) ; 96. 
Valens, third brass (2) ; 97. Constantino, Junr., third brass (1) ; 
98. Postumus, third brass (1) ; 99. Probus, third brass (2) j 100. 
Pesuvius Tetricus, third brass (1). 

Other Roman Coins : — 

101. Alexander; 102. Alexander, second brass; 103. Julia Mam - 
msea (M. of Alexander) ; 104. Julia Mammaea ; 105. Trajanus 
Decius; (106.) Valerianus, third brass; (107.) Gratianus, a.d. 
367, second brass; (108). Gratianus, third brass; (109). Galienus, 
silver plated; (110). Constantinus Magnus; (111). Constantinus 
Magnus; (112). Constans, London; (113). Roman Colonial, 
Augustus and Lepidus Nismus; (114). Lucella, wife of L 
V ., first brass; (115). Maerinus (M. Spel. Sev.), rare; (116). 

Caracalla; (117). Philip, Sen. ; (118). Philip, Sen. ; (119). Philip, 
Jun. ; (120). Gordianus Pius; (121). Gordianus Pius, second 
brass ; (122). Alexander, five. 

Greek and Egyptian Coins : — 

(123). Macedonia, Alexander the Great and Seleucus ; (124). 
Greco-Egyptian; (12S). Greco- Egyptian, Ptolemy; (126). Greco- 
Roman early ; (127). A medal in imitation of a Greek coin. 



xlii 

English Coins : — 

Henry III. (128). Silver penny, Buding, plate ii, fig. 13 ; 
(129). Ditto, fig. 18; (130). Ditto, fig. 18. 

Edward III. (131). Silver penny, Ohv. + Edwar. Angl. R. 
Dns. Hyb. — Bev. Ci vitas London, Ending ^ plate ii, fig. 13 ; (132). 
Duplicate; (133). Silver penny, 05v. Same. — Bev. Civitas Cantar ; 
(134). Ditto, same; (135). Ditto, same. — Ee?;. " Yill. Nova Castra." 

Edward IV. (136). Silver groat, Buding^ pi. v. — Obv. as fig. 2, 
a rose on each side the neck M. M., a rose ; (137). Ditto, no rose 
on neck; (138). Ditto, roses different, London ; (139). Ditto, same, 
Eboraci, York. 

Elizabeth (140). Shilling, Buding, plate xii, fig. 1, M. M., a 
martlet; (141) Shilling, ditto, plate xiv, fig. 7, M. M., the open 
hand, but no mullet. 

Charles IL (142). Sixpence, 1669 ; (143). Ditto, 1671; (144). 
Groat, 1671 ; (145). Ditto, 1678; (146). Threepence, 1679 ; (147). 
Twopence, 1675 ; (148). Threepence, Buding, plate xxxiii, fig. 
19; (149). Twopence, ibid. fig. 4 or 5. 

James IL (150). Groat, 1687; (151). Ditto, 1687; (152). 
Threepence, 1687 ; (153). Twopence, 1687 ; (154). Silver penny, 
1686. 

William and Mary. (155). Threepence, 1689 ; (156). Ditto, 
1690 ; (157). Ditto, 1692 ; (158). Silver penny, 1690. 

William in. (159). Sixpence, 1697; (160). Ditto, 1696; 
(161), Ditto, 1696. 

George II. (162). Sixpence, 1731 ; (163). Ditto, 1757 ; (164). 
Groat, 1731 ; (165). Silver penny, 1737 ; (166). 2 groschen 
{Brunswick), 1744. 

Presented by (78) Edward Griffiths, Newcastle-on-Tyne 
(1873). 

1. Four ancient Northumbrian coins, portion of a number found 
in Hexham Church, Northumberland, in 1832. 

Presented by (62) Anonymous (1873). 

Series of English copper and bronze coins, viz. : — 

Charles II. (Carolus a Carolo). (1). Halfpenny ; (2). Farthing 
and (3). Scotch Halfpenny. 

James II. (4). Halfpenny. 

William III and Mary. (5). Halfpenny and (6). Farthing. 

William III (surviving Mary). (7). Halfpenny and (8). Far- 
thing. 

George I. (9). Halfpenny; (10). Farthing and (11). Irish 
Halfpenny. 

George II. (12). Halfpenny (early) ; (13). Ditto (late) ; (14). 
Farthing (early); (15). Ditto (late); (16). Irish Halfpenny 
(early) ; (17). Ditto (late) and (18). Farthing. 

George IIL (19). Twopenny piece; (20). Penny, 1787-99; 
(21). Ditto, 1806-7 ; (22). Halfpenny, 1771-5 ; (23). Ditto, 1797-9 ; 



xliii 

'(24). Ditto, 1806-7; (25). Farthing, 1771-5; (26). Farthing, 
1797-9; (27). Farthing, 1806; (28). Irish Penny; (29). Irish 
Halfpenny, 1766-9 ; (30). Ditto, 1775-83 ; (31). Ditto, 1805 ; (32). 
Irish Farthing. 

George IV. (33). Penny; (34). Halfpenny; (35). Farthing, 
1822-5 ; (36). Ditto, 1826-8 ; (37). Irish Penny and (38). Irish 
Halfpenny. 

William IV. (39). Penny ; (40). Halfpenny and (41). Farthing. 

Victoria. (42). Penny ; (43). Halfpenny and (44). Farthing ; 
(45). Bronze Penny ; (46). Halfpenny and (47). Farthing. 

Presented by (67) Joseph Humphreys (1873). 

Sixty local tokens, viz. : — 

1. Ohv. Halfpenny, Camac Kyun and Camac, H.M.C. — Bev. Fig. 
of Britannia, Legend, "Incorporated by Act of Parliament," 1700. 

2. Obv. A Bishop's side face, " Success to the Yorkshire Woollen 
Manufactory." — Bev. " Leeds Halfpenny," 1792 — View of Leeds " 
Cloth Hall. On rim, payable at H. Brownhill's, silversmith. 

3. Obv. Thames and Severn Canal, mdccxcv. — Severn Boat on 
Sail. — Bev. View of one entrance into the Tunnel. On rim, pay- 
able at Brimscombe Port. 

4. Obv. Macclesfield — " R. & Co.," surmounted by a Beehive. — 
Bev. A Female Figure and Mining Tools, Halfpenny, 1780. On 
rim, payable at Macclesfield, Liverpool, and Congleton. 

5. Obv. Macclesfield — " R. & Co.," surmounted by a Demi Lion 
ramp. — Bev. Three Towers, Promissory Halfpenny, payable at 
E. W. N. S. 

6. Obv. Carmarthen Ironworks Halfpenny — A Forge. — Bev. 
Kidwelly, Whitland, Blackpool, and Gwndwyfron Forges — J. 
Morgan. On rim, payable in London, Bristol, and Caermarthen. 

7. Obv. Charles Rowe established the Copper Works, 1758 — A 
Head. — Bev. A Female Figure and Mining Tools, Macclesfield 
Halfpenny, 1791. On rim, payable at Macclesfield, Liverpool, or 
Congleton. 

8. Obv. A Head, Greneral Elliot. — Bev. A Fleur-de-lis, Birming- 
ham Halfpenny, 1792. On rim, payable at Henry Bigo's, Moore 
Street. 

9. Obv. Shakespear's Head, Warwickshire. — Bev. Emblems of 
Commerce and Plenty, Halfpenny, 1791. 

10. Obv. A Man carrying a Bale of Goods, Manchester Half- 
penny, 1793. — Bev. Arms, a Lion ramp. betw. 3 Fleur-de-lis, Motto 
" sic donee," Success to Navigation. 

11. Obv. An Elephant and Castle, Coventry Halfpenny. — Bev. 
Figure of " Lady Godiva," "pro bono publico," 1792. On rim, 
Nuneaton, Bedworth, and Hinkley. 

12. Obv. Figure of Wellington, " Wellington Hispaniamet Lusi- 
taniam restituit." — Bev. Ciudad Rodrigo, January 19, 1812; Badajoz, 
April 2, 1812; Vimiera, August 21, 1808; Talavera, July 28, 1809 ; 
Alneida, May 5, 1811 ; Salamanca, July 22, 1812; Madrid, August 
12, 1812. 



xliv 

13. Ohv. A Woolsack, " Salop Woollen Manufactory."— Ee v. 
Shield, " Three Leopards' Heads," " Shrewsbury" 1793 Halfpenny. 

14. 'ohv. Head, " Sir Isaac Newton." — Bev. A Cornucopia, &c., 
Halfpenny, 1793. 

15. Ohv. East India House.— Eev. E. I. C. Arms, God grant 
Grace, Halfpenny, 1793. 

16. Ohv. Head, " Dr. Samuel Johnson." — Eev. Three Lions 
ramp. Promissory Halfpenny, payable at (on rim) Lichfield, Birm- 
ingham, and Wolverhampton, 

17. Ohv. Figure, Neptune, " Nun quamArescere," MDCCXCi. — Rev. 
A Tree and Fish in a Shield, " Let Glasgow flourish." 

18. Ohv. Head, " J. Lackington, Finsbury Square," 1795. — Rev. 
Figure, Fame blowing a Trumpet, " Halfpenny of Lackington, Allen 
and Co., cheapest Booksellers in the World." 

19. Ohv. Bridge, "Ironbridge and Coalbrook Dale, 1792, erected 
Anno 1789, span 100 feet. — Eev. Engine Inclined Plane at Ketley, 
1789. 

20. Ohv. A Druid's Head, surmounted by a wreath. — Rev. R. N. G, 
« Halfpenny, North Wales, 1793." 

21. Ohv. Head.— Eev. A Welsh Harp, " Halfpenny, North Wales, 
1793." 

22. Ohv. A Druid's Head, surmounted by a wreath, on rim, pay- 
able in Anglesey, London, or Liverpool. — Rev. P. M. Co., 1788, 
*' The Anglesey Mines Halfpenny." 

23. Ohv. Female Head, "Princess of Wales." — Rev. Prince of 
Wales's Feathers, out of a Coronet, " Halfpenny, 1795." 

24. Ohv. Head, "John Wilkinson, Ironmaster." — Rev. Device, 
"1793." 

25. Ohv. A Ship, " Liverpool Halfpenny." — Rev. Arms, " Deus 
nobis heec otia fecit," 1 791. 

26. Ohv. Female Negro's Head, " I serve." — Rev. Pine Apple, 
" Barbadoes Penny," 1788, 

27. Ohv. Head, Earl Howe and the glorious 1st of June. — Rev. 
Britannia, " Rule Britannia." 

28. Ohv. "R. & Co., Macclesfield."— i2ev. Female Figure and 
Mining Tools, "Halfpenny, 1789." 

29. Ohv. Head, " John Wilkinson, Ironmaster." — Rev. Device, 
Vulcan, "Halfpenny, 1791," Bradley, Willey, Snedshill, Bersham. 

30. Ohv. Head, " John Wilkinson, Ironmaster." — Rev. A Ship,* 
"1788" (same on rim). 

* It has been said that the barge of John Wilkinson was the first vessel 
of iron ever constructed. In the Shrewsbury Chronicle of 1st. Nov., 1788, 
appears the following — " The iron barge, built by John Wilkinson, Esq., was 
lately launched at Willey Wharf, to the admiration of some, the surprize of 
many, and conviction of all ; it was perfectly light, moves very easy on the 
water, and draws about eight inches, with every etc. on board. It was im- 
mediately freighted with iron for Stourport, where its arrival gained the 
attention of all that place." This token is scarce if in good condition. A 
few were also struck in fine silver, which are remarkably rare. 



xlv 

31. Obv. Arms, ** Industry has its sure Reward." — Bev. Device, 
I" Birmingham Halfpenny." 

32. Obv. East India Mark (E. V. I. C), payable at Jn. Fielding's, 
Grocer and Teadealer. — Rev. Manchester Arms, " God grant 
grace," "Manchester Promissory Halfpenny, 1793." 

33. Obv. King William on Horseback, " Gulielmus Tertius Rex, 
MDCLXXXix. — Bev. Arms, "Hull Halfpenny, 1791." 

34. Obv. A Female Figure, seated on a rock, supporting a bundle 
of rods bound together on her left knee, " Birmingham Mining and 
Copper Co., 1792." — Bev. An Ibis or Crane standing on a Cornu- 
copia, Halfpenny, payable at (on rim) Birmingham, Redruth, Swan- 
sea; and seven planetary signs. 

35. Obv. Figure, a Bishop in full length and a Lamb, "Artis 
nostra conditor." — Bev. A Fleece in a Shield, " Leeds Halfpenny, 
1791." 

36. Obv. Figure, St. Andrew and his Cross, surrounded by 
Thistles, " li^emo me impune lacessit, 1791." — Bev. Arms, "Edin- 
burgh Halfpenny." 

37. Obv. Device, Emblems of Masonry in a Triangle, " Wisdom, 
Strength, and Beauty," " Sit lux et lux fuit." — Bev. Arms, with 
supporters, "Amor, Honor, et Justitia," "Prince of Wales, elected 
G.M. 24th November, 1790, on rim. Masonic Token, J. Scethley 
fecit, 1794. 

38. Obv. A Loom.— i?ev. Arms, "Rochdale Halfpenny, 1792." 

39. Obv. Head, " John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster." — Rev. 
Arms, " Lancaster Halfpenny, 1790." 

40. Obv. Head, "Frederick, Duke of York," "Halfpenny, 
l7\)5."-~Rev. A Ship, " The Wood Walls of Old England," payable 
at London. 

41. Obv. "Botanic Garden," " He spake of trees from the Cedar 
Tree that is in Lebanon," "Bath Token, 1794."— Bet;. A Device, 
Ruins of a Castle, Trees, &c., " Even unto the hyssop that springeth 
out of the Wall."— 1 Kings, Chap, iv, 33. 

42. Obv. Device, Hands across an Olive Branch, " Arte favente 
nil desperandum." — Rev. Bale of Goods, "Leek Commercial Half- 
penny, 1793." 

43. Obv. " W. P. & Lamb," " Romney Marsh Halfpenny, 1794." 
—Rev. Figure, Justice, " For the honor and use of trade." 

44. Obv. St. Patrick's Head, " Cronbane Halfpenny."— i2et;. 
Arms, " Associated Irish Mine Co., 1798." 

45. Obv. Device, A view of St. Paul's and a Female Figure sup- 
porting the City Arms, " B. Constitution King, Lords, Commons." 
— Rev. "Britannia, *' Sise-lane Halfpenny, 1795." 

46. Obv. Device, "Norwich Halfpenny, 1792."— i^er. Arms, 
" Success to the City of Norwich." 

47. Obv. Head, "Yorkshire Halfpenny, 1793.''— Rev, Arms, "pay- 
able in Sheffield." 

48. Obv. Head, "John Howard, F.R.S."—i?ey. Monogram, 1792, 
" Birmingham Promissory Halfpenny." 



xlvi 

49. 05t>. Device, "Rochdale, 1791."— i2ev. Device, "Halfpenny." 

60. Ohv. Monogram.— i2et^. Arms, "Stafford, 1797." 

61. Ohv. One Penny Token, "For public accommodation, 1813." 
Rev. Device, " Payable at the Cotton Works, Newcastle." 

52. Obv. Head, " John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster." — Rev. Arms, 
"Sic Donee," Success to Navigation (on rim), payable at Thomas 
Ball, Sleaford. 

63. Obv. Device, "Withymoor Scythe Works, One Penny, 1813." 
— Rev. Device, " One pound note for 240 tokens, payable by Jas. 
Griffin & Sons." 

64 Obv. Prince of Wales's Feathers, " Ich Dien," "Birmingham 
and South Wales." — Rev. Crest, " Copper Token, One Penny." 

65. Ohv. Head, " South Wales Farthing."— i^et?. Prince of Wales's 
Feathers, "Pro bono publico, 1793." 

66. Obv. Head, "North Wales Farthing."— i^ev. Prince of 
Wales's Feathers, " Pro bono publico, 1793." 

67. Obv. Head, " George, Prince of Wales." — Rev. Prince of 
Wales's Feathers, "Ich Dien," Halfpenny, 1794 (on rim) Warley 
Camp Halfpenny. 

68. Obv. Device, 1812 Union Copper Co., Birmingham, 1812." 
— Rev. One Penny Token, payable in Cash Notes. 

69. Obv. W. H., "Penny."— i^ev. Arms, "Stafford, 1801," 
(on rim) payable by Hirton & Co." 

60. Obv. Device, "Flint Lead Works, 1813."— i?et;. "One Penny 
Token, One Pound Note for 240 Tokens." 

Ancient China : — 

Presented by (1) Morris C. Jones, F.S.A. (1873). 

167. A china armorial circular dish, fourteen inches in diameter, 
with the arms of the Rebow family emblazoned thereon, and filling the 
centre. Arms, gu., two long bows bent and interlaced in saltire or, 
stringed ar., between three bezants, each charged with a fleur-de-lis 
az. Crest, a demi- eagle, displayed, issuing out of a mural coronet 
or, on the breast a bezant charged with a fleur-de-lis az., in the 
beak an arrow of the second, headed and feathered ar. 

Miscellaneous : — 

Presented by (63) Charles Watkin Williams Wtnn, M.P. 
(1873). 

1. Morocco case containing, under plate glass, impressions of the 
four seals of the Duchy of Lancaster. 

Presented by (1) Morris C. Jones, F.S.A. (1873). 

168. Cinerary urn in crushed state, found in a recumbent posi- 
tion in a tumulus near Tremeichion, July 1870, with its cinerary 
contents, and fragments of other urns previously found. 

Presented by (79) Rev. F. W. Parker, M.A. 
1 and 2. Two oak carvings found in Moughtre Church during its 



xlvii 

restoration ; one being of our Saviour. They were concealed on 
the top of the wall plate. 

Presented by (21) Rev. Augustus Field, M.A. (1873). 

2. A hair-curling instrument, with potter's mark, W. N. 

3. A tobacco-pipe with potter's mark. 

4. A piece of old gun-barrel. H 

5. Fragments of glass bottle with medallion, bearing i s. 

The last four articles were found on the site of Pool Quay Vicarage. 

6. A similar medallion bearing " Llanvorda," found at Elm Cot- 
tage, Welshpool. 

Presented by (74) John Hilditch Evans (1873). 
1 . Two ancient encaustic tiles of a very early date found during 
the restoration of Pershore Church, Worcestershire. 

Presented by (64) Rev. E. B. Cockayne Frith, B.A. (1873). 

1. An ancient Triptych, with painting, subject — " Our Lord 
appearing to Mary after the Resurrection," having arms in corner, 
gu., three chevronels, ar. 

Presented by (65) The Yicar and Churchwardens of the parish of 

Meifod. 

1 to 3. Three hatchments of the Mytton family. 

Presented by (66) the Vicar and Churchwardens of the parish of 

Guilsjfield. 

1. Hatchment of the family of Lloyd of Trowscoed. 

2. Hatchment of the family of Jukes of Trelydan. 

Presented by (67) Joseph Humphreys (1873). 

61. Bottle, containing earth from the Caverns of the early Chris- 
tians, near Rome, Dec. 2, 1846. 

62. Bottle, containing earth from the Tomb of St. Cecilia, Rome. 

63. Bottle, containing earth out of the Amphora in Diomed's 
cellar, Pompeii, Dec. 2, 1846. 

64. Bottle, containing Mosaics from the floor of Caracalla's bath 
at Rome, Nov. 1846. 

Presented by (68) Mrs. Clarke, of Huddersfield (1873). 

1. A mammoth tooth found at the stone quarry in Welshpool. 

2. Human teeth taken from skeletons found at Buttington. 

Presented by (1) Morris C. Jones, F.S.A. (1873). 
169. A large folio photographic album for the Powys-land Club. 
Drawings, Photographs, Engravings, &c. : — 

Presented by (30) David Walker (1873). 

1 . A drawing of the Rood Screen in Llananno Church, Radnor- 
shire. 

2. Ditto of details. 



xlviii 

Presented by (57) the Earl of Powis (1873). 
2. A lithograph on large paper of the Herbert Monument in 
Lymore Chapel, in Montgomery Church. 

Presented by (76) C. T. Ramagb, LL.D. (1873). 
1. Lithographed facsimile of an unpublished MS. poem of Burns. 
Presented by (76) Sampson S. Lloyd (1873). 

1. Emblazoned Shield of Arms of the Lloyds of Dolobran of 15 
quarterings, impaling a coat of the Stanley family of 6 quarterings, 
copied from a panel taken down from Dolobran Hall in 1773, and 
believed to be still in existence. 

Presented by (77) Martin Underwood (1873). 

1. Series of twenty lithographs of Castles, &c., of Denbighshire. 

Presented by (1) Morris C. Jones (1873). 

170. " The Village Churches of Denbigh," by Lloyd Williams and 
Underwood, numerous lithographs. 

171. An engraved portrait of Edward Herbert, 2nd Earl of 
Powis, Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. 

1 72. An engraved portrait of Archdeacon Clive, formerly Yicar 
of Welshpool. 

Presented by (80) Edward Maurice Jones, Severn Street, 
Welshpool (1873). 

1. An engraved portrait of Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart, 
(who died in 1749). 

2. An engraved portrait of the Right Hon. Charles Watkin 
Williams Wynn, M.P. for Montgomeryshire from 1799 to 1850. 

Presented by (53) Arthur Charles Humphreys (1873). 

2. An engraved portrait of Edward Johnes, Esq., M.D. (who 
died 1846), from a painting by Jones, of Chester. 

3. An engraved portrait of Vice-Admiral Sir Edward William 
Campbell Rich. Owen, G.C.B., G.C.H., of the family Owen of 
Glan Severn ; from a portrait by Pickersgill. 

N.B. — It is wished to form in the Powys-land Museum a collection of 
engraved portraits of Montgomeryshire Worthies. Donations of 
such portraits to the Museum are respectfully requested. 

Presented by (81) the Rev. Charles Boutell, M.A. 

Rubbings of the following monumental brasses, as specimens of 
the different periods : — 

1 . Sir Roger de Trumpington, Trumpington Church, Cambridge- 
shire, outline facsimile, traced from a rubbing, shewing the lines in 
black upon a white ground, a.d. 1289. 

2. Sir Robert de Barnes, Acton Church, Suffolk, a.d. 1302. 
(Rubbing). 

3. Sir — de FitzRalph, Pebmarsh Church, Essex, c. ad. 1320. 
(Rubbing). 

..tr^^^lJ^^^''^^ ^® Fellbrigge, Playford Church, Suffolk, a.d. 
1415. (Rubbing). 



xlix 

5 & 6. Swynborne Brass, Little Hokenley Church, Essex, a.d. 
1391-1412. The heads of the 2 effigies. (Rubbing). 

7. Sir Wm. Cheyne, Drayton Beauchamp Church, Bucks, a.d. 
1375. (Rubbing). 

8. And a few details. 

9. Series of photographs from the Shields of Arms upon the 
monument of Queen Elizabeth in Westminister Abbey. The photo- 
graphs have actually been taken from casts of the original shields, 
taken by Mr. L. Berrington one of the Vergers of the Abbey. 
The 4 larger shields are Wales, Cornwall, Chester, and Ireland. 
The smaller shields represent the line of royal descent from Wil- 
liam I to Queen Elizabeth. 

Books : — 
Presented by (48) Charles Perin Smith, the author (1873). 

2. Lineage of the Lloyd and Carpenter Families, compiled from au- 
thentic sources, full bound, and with lettered presentation. 

Presented by (69) Frank Nevett, Salop (1873). 

1. The Garrisons of Shropshire, 1642-48, by Mrs. Acton Scott. 

2. The Castles and Old Mansions of Shropshire, 1142-1660, by 
ditto. 

Presented by (70) John Evans, F.R.S., the author (1873). 
1. Ancient Stone implements of Great Britain. 

Presented by (71) John Reed Appleton, F.S.A. (1873). 

1. Lecture by J. H. Parker, Esq., on the Ashmolean Museum, its 
history, present state, and prospects. 

Presented by (45) the Society in Exchange (1873). 

2. Journal of the British Archaeological Association, vol, xxviii, 
and part 1 & 2 of vol. xxix. 

Presented by (46) the Society (1873). 

2. Transactions of the Surrey Archaeological Society, vol. vi, p. 1. 

Presented by (72) the Yorkshire Arckeological and Topo- 
graphical Association in Exchange (1873). 

The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Journal, vols, 
i &ii. 

Presented by (25) the Society (1873). 

3. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London, vol. v, 
parts 3 to 6, vol. vi, part 1. 

Presented by (73) the Society in Exchange (1873). 

1. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 
vol. ix, p. 1. 

Presented by (64) Rev. E. B. Cockayne Frith (1873). 

2. Nelson's Festivals in Welsh. 

Presented by (29) W. W. E. Wynne (1873). 
Pedigree of the family of Wynne, of Peniarth (privately printed). 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF DONORS OF ARTICLES 
THE POWYS-LAND MUSEUM, 
Up to 1st October, 1873. 



TO 



Antiquaries, Society of, London, 
25. 

Antiquaries, Society of, Scotland, 
73. 

A Lady, 36. 

Anonymous, 62. 

Appleton, John Reed, F.S.A., 71. 

Bennett, Nicholas, 54. 

Boutell, Rev. Charles, 81. 

British Archaeological Associa- 
tion, 45. 

Clarke, Mrs., 68. 

Corrie, Miss, 37. 

Corbett, Major, 58. 

Davies, Rev. John, 38. 

Davies, J. Pryce, 23. 

.Dawkins, W. Boyd, F.R.S., 9. 

Eddowes, Mrs., 61. 

Edwards, Rev. Griffith, 8. 

Evans, Mrs. Moses, 39. 

Evans, The Misses, 13. 

Evans, John, F.R.S., 70. 

Evans, John Hilditch, 74. 

Evans, J. Reginald, 22. 

Evans, Rev. T. H., 59. 

Field, Rev. Augustus, 21. 

Fisher, William, 6. 

Frith, Rev. E. B. C, 64. 

Gillart, Richard, 16. 

Gough, E. Powell, 55. 

Griffiths, Edward, 78. 

Griffithes, Miss, 52. 

Guilsfield, Vicar and Church- 
wardens of, Q6. 

Hamer, Edward, 7. 

Hancock, T. W., 10. 

Hargreaves, William, 24. 

Harrison, R. J., 35. 

Hill, Rev. J. E., 19. 

Humphrey, Arthur Charles, 53. 

Humphreys, Joseph, 67. 

Jones, Charles, 43. 

Jones, Edward Maurice, 80. 

Jones, John, 20. 



Jones, Rev. Joseph, 42. 

Jones, Morris C, 1. 

Jones, T. G., 26. 

Latting, J. J., 49. 

Lewis, Rev. D. P., 5. 

Lloyd, Sampson S., 76. 

Lloyd, Howell W., 28. 

Lloyd, Rev. W. V., 27. 

London and Middlesex Archaeo- 
logical Society, 44. 

Luxmoore, Miss, 4. 

Marshall, Rev. H. J., 56. 

Matthews, Miss, 14. 

Meifod, Vicar and Churchwar- 
dens of, 65. 

Morris, E. Rowley, 2. 

Morris, William, 12. 

Morris, Thomas, 47. 

Nevett, Frank, 69. 

Owen, Rev. Elias, 34. 

Parker, Rev. F. W., 79. 

Parry, Henry, 15 

Price, Benjamin, 31 . 

Powis, The Earl of, 57. 

Ramage, C. T., 75. 

Read, Captain Crewe, 17 

Rees, William, 50. 

Salter, Edward, 51. 

Sayce, Miss, 41. 

Smith, Charles Perin, 48. 

Surrey Archeeological Society, 46. 

Trevor, E. S. R., 60. 

Tumbull, Dr., 40. 

Turner, Rev. J. J., 11. 

Underwood, Martin, 77. 

Walker, David, 30. 

Williams, Rev. John, 32. 

Williams, J. Graham, 3. 

Williams, Richard, 18. 

Wynn, C. W. W., 63. 

Wynne, W. W. E., 29. 

Yorkshire Archaeological and To- 
pographical Society, 72. 



I^B The following Documents ^ and Articles were exhibited at the Sixth 
^^B Annual Meeting : — 

Exhibited by Charles Watkin Williams Wynn, Esq., M.P. 

8 March, 36 George III. — Letters patent under the great seal appointing 
Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart., Steward of the Manor and Manors of 
Bromfield and Yale, in the county of Denbigh. Salary £20 per annum. 

22 Oct., 1796.— Grant from the Crown to C. W. W. Wynn, Esq., of the 
office of Steward of the Lordship of Denbigh at his majesty's pleasure. 
Salary £¥) per annum. 

15 Dec, 1823, 4 George IV. — Letters patent under the sign manual of 
George IV, and the great seal of Great Britain and Ireland, appointing the 
Right Hon. Charles Watkin Williams Wynn, M.P., President of the Board 
of " our Commissioners for the affairs of India (in conjunction with the Rt. 
Hon. George Canning, M.P.), to be Plenipotentiaries for arranging certain 
matters then in discussion between England and the Netherlands concern- 
ing the relations of the two crowns, and the interests of their respective 
subjects in India and the Indian Seas." 

26 Dec, 1834.— Grant to the Rt. Hon. C. W. W. Wynn of the office of 
Chancellor of the Duchy and County Palatine of Lancaster and Keeper of 
the Seals. 

Same date. — Licence from the Crown to same to supply vacancies in 
Leicester Hospital. 

26 Dec, 1834. — Lease from the Crown to the Rt. Hon. Charles Watkin 
Williams Wynn, Chancellor of His Majesty's Duchy and County Palatine 
of Lancaster, of the issues and profits of the great and small seals of the 
duchy during His Majesty's pleasure, yielding a yearly rent of £7. 

Same date. — Grant from the Crown to same as chancellor of the said 
duchy an additional salary of £1800 per annum. 

18 July, 1837.— Grant from the Crown to Rt. Hon. C. W. W. Wynn 
of same office at same salary. 

Exhibited by Thomas Withy. 
A case of American moths, etc., which he intends to present to the 
Museum. 

Exhibited by William Fisher. 

An extensive collection of coins. , 
A poker drawing. 

Exhibited by David Walker. 

Numerous rough sketches of stones, remains of the abbey church of 
Strata Marcella, which were found in a wall at Bank Farm, Pool Quay. 



Hi 



OBITUARY OF MEMBERS OF THE POWYS-LAND CLUB. 



1869. 
Jan. 29. Chaeles Thomas Woosnam, Esq., Newtown. 

May 23. Edward "Williams, Esq., Lloran House, Oswestry. 

1870. 
May 15. Major-General Charles Thomas Edward Hinde, late of 
Plas Madoc, Denbigh sliire. 

Oct. 30. Rev. John Edwards, M.A., Rector of Newtown ; Member 
of the Council. 

Nov. 16. Rev. Harry Longueville Jones, M.A., Editor of ArclKjeo- 
logia Cambrensis. 

He contributed an article to our third volume, on " The 
Antiquities of Montgomeryshire". 

Feb. 26. Sir Baldwin; Leighton, Bart., Loton Park, Salop. 

Mar. 3. Edward Evans, Esq., Thorneloe House, Worcester. 

Mar. 24. Prtce Buckley Williams, Esq., Pennant ; Member of the 
Council, 

April 24. George Woosnam, Esq., Newtown. 

June 21. William Pryce Yearsley, Esq., Welshpool. 

July 23. Arthur James Johnes, Esq., Garthmyl. 

Dec. 5. John Pryce Drew, Esq., Milford House, Newtown ; Mem- 
ber of the Council. 

Dec. 12. Rev. Joseph Jones, R.C. Church, Welshpool. 

1872. 

April 28. Robert Maurice Bonnor Maurice, Esq., Bodynfol. 
Sept. 4. Rev. Robert John Harrison, M.A., Ca^rhowel. 



HISTOEY OF THE PARISH OF 
GAETHBEIBIO. 

By the Rev. GRIFFITH EDWARDS, M.A., 

Rector of Llangadfan. 



SECTION I. 



DESCRIPTION OF THE PARISH. — PEIBIAW, TYDECHO, TRA- 
DITIONS AND LEGENDS RESPECTING THEM. — PHYSICAL 
FEATURES OF THE PARISH. 

This parish is situated on the confines of Merioneth- 
shire, and is bounded by the parishes of Mallwyd and 
Llanymawddwy in that direction, and Llangadfan and 
Llanwddyn in the other. The turnpike road from 
Cann Office to Machynlleth, runs through its whole 
length from east to west, and it is separated from 
Llangadfan by the rivers Banwy and Twrch, and from 
Mallwyd and Llanymawddwy by the boundaries which 
separate the county of Merioneth from that of Mont- 
gomery. It consists of only one township, that of Garth- 
beibio ; the area of it is 7200 statute acres, and the gross 
estimated rental, according to the valuation lists of 
1865, was £1169 per annum; the number of. persons 
per acre '05 ; the whole population being 332, and the 
gross estimated rental per each person £3 10s. 5d. 
The name of the parish is derived from garth, an ancient 
British word signifying headland, promontory, or ridge, 
and Peihiaw, a British chief, some of whose exploits 
have been handed down by traditions of prehistoric 
times among the ancient Britons. His name is men- 

VOL. VI. B 



2 HISTORY OF THE 

tioned in tlie Triads, and the following account of him 
is found in the lolo Manuscripts. 

'^ There were two kings formerly in the isle of Britain, and 
their names were Nynniaw and Peibiaw. And as these were 
walking in the fields together, on one starry clear night, Nyn- 
niaw said to Peibiaw, ' See what a spacious and fine field 
I possess/ 

'' Peibiaw — ' "Where is it ? ' 

'^ Nynniaw — ' All this sky/ 

'^ Peibiaw — ^ And do you see what cattle and sheep I have 
grazing in your field ? ^ 

'^ Nynniaw — ^ Where are they ? ' 

" Peibiaw — ' All the stars which you see, fiery coloured each 
one of them, and the moon as a shepherdess watching over 
them/ 

^'Nynniaw — ^ They shall not remain in my field ! ' 

'' Peibiaw—' They shall/ 

'' ^ They shall not,' said the other in reply, until it became a 
furious quarrel and tumult between them, and in the end they 
entered upon an obstinate and protracted war, until the 
military power and strength of each were well nigh destroyed 
in the contests. 

"And Rhitta the giant, king of all Wales, heard what amount 
of destruction was caused by those two insane kings, and he 
decided upon advancing against them and attacking them ; 
and having taken the opinion and voice of the country and his 
attendants, they rose and advanced against the two insane 
kings, who were causing such devastation and ruin in their 
mad designs j and having conquered them, Rhitta cut ofi" their 
beards. And when the rest of the eight and twenty kings of 
the isle of Britain heard these things, they gathered together 
all their forces to revenge the insult done to the two kings, 
who had been deprived of their beards, and made an inroad 
and assault upon Rhitta the giant and his men. And there 
was a sharp and fierce contest between them on both sides; 
but Rhitta and his men gained the day. ' This is my spacious 
field,' says Rhitta, as he cut ojff the beards of all the other 
kings. 

" And the kings of all the other countries round about heard 
all this, and armed themselves against Rhitta and his men, in 
order to revenge the insults shown to those kings who had 
been deprived of their beards, and long and obstinate was the 
fighting between them ; but Rhitta and his followers gained 
the day triumphantly. ' This is my spacious and fair field,' 



PARISH OF GARTHBEIBIO. 3 

says Rhitta, as he and his men cut off the beards of all those 
kings. ' These are the animals which grazed in my field/ said 
Rhitta, to those insane kings, * and I drove them all out ; they 
shall no longer graze on my land/ After that, Rhitta took all 
the beards, and made of them a large robe, reaching from his 
head to his feet, and he was a man as large as any two men 
ever seen. And then he and his country settled an order of 
law and justice, which had never been done before, between 
king and king, and country and country, in all the isle of 
Britain, Ireland, Norway, Germany, France, Spain, and Italy. 
And may that order be for ever observed, to prevent such 
kings as those mentioned above to go to war without any real 
or just cause."— loZo M8S., 193, 605. 

An allusion is made to Peibiaw and Nynniaw in the 
Mahinogion, where it is stated that both of them were 
changed into oxen on account of their sins. — Guest's 
Mahinogion, part iv., 349. 

All we can gather from these ancient traditions is 
the fact that Peibiaw was a chieftain of renown at some 
distant period in our history, and resided in the parish 
of Garthbeibio. After him, in the sixth century, came 
a different character, Tydecho, a saint and an anchorite. 
Tydecho was son of Amwn ddu ap Emyr Llydaw, and 
cousin to St. Cadfan, with whom he came over to this 
country. These left Annorica in company with those 
numerous saints who came over into Wales, at the 
early part of the sixth century, when their own country 
was invaded by the Franks. And as Paris was made 
the capital of the kingdom of Clovis in the year 510, 
it may be conjectured that the Armorican saints left 
their own country soon after that time, owing to the 
persecutions and cruelty they suffered at the hands of 
the Franks and other savage invaders. Tydecho, with 
his sister Tegfedd, settled in the district of Mawddwy, 
and founded the churches of Llanymawddwy, Mallwyd, 
and Garthbeibio. The two latter were considered then 
as chapels belonging to Llanymawddwy. He also 
founded the church of Cemmaes, and is its patron saint ; 
and there was a chapel, called Capel Tydecho, at one 
time in the parish of Llandegfan, in Anglesey, and he 

B 2 



4 HISTORY OF THE 

is supposed to have been the founder of that, and 
patron saint of it.^ 

Maelgwyn Gwynedd, who ascended the throne of his 
country in the year 546, was in his youth a dissolute 
and immoral character, and hearing of Tydecho's sanc- 
tity, and his life of religious retirement, offered him 
many insults, and injured him in various ways ; but 
the saint retaliated with so many miracles, that Mael- 
gwyn was glad to make his peace with him in the end, 
by granting him several immunities, and more par- 
ticularly by making his land a place of refuge and 
sanctuary for malefactors. Tegfedd, sister of Tydecho, 
was also forcibly carried away by another chief, called 
Cynon ; but he was compelled in a very short time to 
restore her uninjured, on account of her brother's 
miracles, which so terrified the wicked chief, that he 
sent her home ; and in order to make amends for his 
conduct, he gave the lands of Garthbeibio towards the 
religious establishment which had been set up in the 
place by Tydecho. The chief residence of Tydecho was 
at Mawddwy, and there are several places in that 
neighbourhood which yet bear his name ; such as a 
rock, which is called " Tydecho's bed," and a place 
called " Tydecho's milking fold." 

There are two ancient poems which relate the legend 
and miracles of Tydecho ; one of them written by 
Dafydd'Llwyd ap Llewelyn ap Gruffydd of Mathafarn, 
in the parish of Llanwrin, who flourished about the 
year 1480; and the other by one Mathew Bromfield, 
a bard who flourished about the year 1550. 

Dafydd Llwyd was considered a prophet among his 
countrymen, as well as a poet. And it is said that 
when the Earl of Eichmond, afterwards Henry VII, 
was on his way from Milford, where he had landed, to 
Bosworth Field, where he fought against Richard III, 
he called at Mathafarn to consult the seer about the 
probable result of his expedition. But the bard hesi- 
tated to give him any answer at first, and promised to 
^ Rees's Welsh Saints; Rowland's Mona Antiqua. 



I PARISH OF GARTHBEIBIO. 5 

let him know the following day. His wife noticed that 
he was in such perplexity, until his mental agony 
caused a change in his appearance, and enquired about 
the cause of it; and when she knew it, she said, 
".What, and you being a bard, a prophet, and a seer, 
can you hesitate what answer to give ? Tell him, 
without hesitation, that he shall win the throne ; and 
if that turns out to be true, your reputation will be 
established ; but if not, you need not fear that he will 
return this way again to blame you for being a false 
prophet." The bard took the advice, and his answer 
gave the Earl great satisfaction, when he consulted him 
the following morning.-^ 

We cannot here do better than furnish the reader 
with a translation of these ancient poems, as they con- 
tain all the historical traditions handed down to us 
respecting Tydecho. 

THE LEGEND OF ST. TYDECHO. 

(From the Welsh of Dafydd Llwyd ap Llewelyn af Qruffydd.) 

A holy "man is here at hand. 

Whose praises fill this mountain land ; 

A pious saint, a devotee, 

Of Mawddwy's sacred spot is he ; 

Tydecho, father over all. 

And heavenly guide to great and small. 

This is the place, which once the fame 

Of holy men, who hither came, 

Made famous, when Llandudoch old 

They left, to quit the ancient fold ; 

Where Dogmael, and Saint Tegfan dwelt. 

And all the land their presence felt. 

Tydecho was an abbot mild. 

His stafi" ruled all this mountain wild. 

Kinsman to Arthur, noble king. 

Whose praises all the nations sing. 

Though Emyr Llydaw^s grandson, great. 

He left his country, led by fate ; 

And did not love the stormy sea. 

Hence at a distance wished to be, 

^ Jones's Tltmjf Garthbeibio a'i Hynafiaetliau, Montgomeryshire 
Collections J vol. v, p. 490. 



HISTORY OF THE 

And settled at Mawddwy, far away. 
Beyond the reach of ocean's sway. 
A temple to God lie here raised. 
For the good work he oft was praised. 
Full of good deeds, a devotee. 
Abstemious and austere was he ; 
His bed, beneath the mountain's brow. 
Was the hard rock we see there now. 
Of noble descent, he sojourned there, 
A hermit clad in shirt of hair. 

Maelgwyn, the king, on mischief bent. 
His horses to the saint's land sent ; 
There to be fed on holy ground, 
Where no stray animals were found. 
But loosed upon the mountain's side. 
Their colour, form, and all beside. 
Were changed, and on a sudden came 
From white horses, slow and tame. 
To be wild coursers, and their hair 
Of gold, which dazzled in the air. 
Then Maelgwyn, in his wrath, one day. 
The good man's oxen took away ; 
But soon there was a wondrous sight. 
The deer were ploughing on the height. 
And a grey wolf, in aspect tame, 
Behind them with the harrow came. 
Maelgwyn sat on a rock to see. 
What this strange miracle might be ; 
But fast to his seat, he tried in vain 
To stir, and leave the place again. 
But Maelgwyn, though in anger long. 
Made some amends for all this wrong ; 
Restored the oxen he took away. 
And did the saint some homage pay. 
He gave, for hundred ages long, 
Protection to his land from wrong. 
Thus, Meilir once long journey went. 
Through brushwood and wild forest bent ; 
For there, within the holy ground. 
Both man and beast asylum found. 
The owner, and his cattle there. 
Were free from violence and snare. 
The land was kept from fire and sword. 
And its protection could afford. 



PARISH OP GARTHBEIBIO. 

From every injury and wrong, 
To all who to it did belong. 

Tydecho made the lame to walk, 
The blind to see, the dumb to talk ; 
Throughout the land great was his fame. 
And highly eulogized his name ; 
For wicked demons of the night. 
Far from his presence took their flight. 
His sister Tegfedd, too, one day. 
The wicked Oynon took away ; 
But felt so glad amends to make. 
That he gave Garthbeibio for her sake ; 
And brought back the uninjured maid; 
Of wrath divine he was afraid. 
From paying any heriot^s fee. 
Within his land, all men were free. 
No wrong, and no oppression shown, 
No maiden^s fee was in it known. 
This privilege, the barons brave. 
And the good Roman Pontiff gave. 
Howell the Good confirmed the same. 
The son of Cadell, known to fame. 

When full five hundred robbers came. 
To waste his land with sword and flame, 
Tydecho's miracles were found 
Their terror, on the holy ground. 
The numerous host dwindled away. 
Not slain, but vanished in dismay ; 
As the ancient friars, who came 
To preach, for lucre and for fame ; 
Thus may oppression always fare. 
And dwindle to nothing everywhere. 
And let us all when in distress. 
Seek with Tydecho for redress.^ 

ST. TYDECHO, AND THE TWO PAEISHES OP MAWDDWY. 

(From the Welsh of Mathew Bromfield.) 

Penance and grief have been my share. 
In passing through this world of care ; 
I traversed up and down each place. 
From sea to sea, o'er Britain's face ; 
And like Mandeville, went to try 
Cambrian Register , vol. ii, p. 375, Jones's Bardic Museum. 



HISTORY OF THE 

Each land beneath the spacious sky ; 
To seek a country kind and free, 
"Where wealth and happiness might be. 
And Mawddwy's parishes, so fair, 
I find do all good fortune share. 
There I can stop to end my days. 
And never leave the hallowed place. 
To modern Dinas blessings be. 
May Jesus prosper all I see ; 
To Llanymawddwy, full of store. 
May heaven be generous evermore ; 
And Mallwyd too, what better place. 
Beneath the sky's unbounded space ? 
The country is with plenty blessed. 
And all in glorious beauty dressed ; 
Each man and woman noble and fair. 
And Mary^s blessed virgins rare. 
May all her children thrive and bloom. 
And flourish, till the day of doom. 
A paradise beneath the sun 
This is, like Eden's blessed one. 
Plains and mountains, hill and dale. 
And towering oaks, which hem the vale. 
Meadows for hay, and hunting ground. 
And arable plains, are here found ; 
All representing wealth, so gay. 
As through the Dovey winds her way. 
All blessings here adorn the clime. 
Here lived the saint in ancient time, 
Tydecho, who beneath this height. 
Spread o'er the land celestial Hght. 
Wild deer came from their hills one day. 
To plough his land in bright array ; 
And the fierce wolf was made to draw 
The harrow, as we all yet know. 
And the brook, running from the height. 
He turned to milk, all pure and white. 
This to perform, power was given 
To the saint by the God of heaven. 
He also made all in the place 
Religious men and godly race. 
At Mawddwy, after Christ they go. 
His faithful soldiers, high and low. 
There never was, beneath the sky. 
More pure servants of the Most High. 
Generous and good to all mankind. 



1 

I 



PARISH OF GARTHBEIBIO. y 

They love eacli stranger whom they find. 

Lavish of their store and free. 

Their equal nowhere can we see. 

The country, like a blessed isle, 

Where all heaven's bounties in it smile. 

Makes every man the rest excel, 

And every woman too, as well. 

At Mallwyd, food and drink abound. 

In hut and mansion all around. 

There, through the Dinas,^ to and fro. 

To both the parishes I go ; 

And may' God grant them length of days. 

Like Moses, blessM in all his ways.^ 

Physical features. — The general appearance of the 
parish of Garthbeibio is bleak and barren, the greatest 
part of it consisting of wild mountain districts, covered 
with heather and coarse grass, affording pasture only to 
the small Welsh sheep and mountain ponies, and shelter 
to the grouse and other game. But the valleys about 
the Banwy and the Twrch, contain some fertile and 
good land, which produces luxuriant crops of corn and 
hay ; and the sides of several of the adjoining hills are 
covered with verdure, and afford pasturage to a large 
number of cattle and horses. The scenery is wild and 
picturesque, surrounded, as it is, by lofty hills and 
mountains on every side, and the i:ugged declivities of 
Aran Fawddwy towering above them in the distance. 

Drainage. — The sources of the Banwy and the Twrch, 
which separate this parish from that of Llangadfan, 
are on the Drum ddu, a lofty hill, rising between Garth- 
beibio and Llan y Mawddwy. These rivers have been 
already noticed in the history of Llangadfan.^ They 
are the origin of the Fernwy, or Efyrnwy, which 
receives many other rivers and tributaries in its course, 
before it reaches the vale of Meifod, and afterwards, 
before it falls into the Severn, near Melverley, it ac- 
quires the strength and magnitude of a fine and power- 

^ Dinas y Mawddwy. 

2 Jones's Plwijf Gartlibeibio aH EynafiaethaUj " Golud yr Oes," 
vol. i, p. 393. 

^ Montgomeryshire Collections, vol. ii, p. 317. 



10 HISTOEY OF THE 

fulriver.^ As the parish is on the boundary of the 
county of Merioneth, some of the rivers rising on the 
hills adjoining that county, run in a different direction 
to the above, and fall into the vale of the Dovey, which 
river they join above Mallwyd. High up on the hills, 
near the boundary between the parishes of Mallwyd 
and Garthbeibio, is Llyn Cochhwyad, or " the pool of 
the wild ducks," a mountain tarn, about a mile in circum- 
ference, surrounded by wild moors and extensive tracts 
of barren mountain wastes. It is the property of Sir 
Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart., and contains trout, 
eels, and perch. There is another small pool, called 
Llyn y Bugail, or " the pool of the shepherd," high up 
on the hills on the other side of the turnpike road in 
this parish ; but I believe it contains no trout, and 
breeds nothing but eels. 

The farms in the parish are, Dol y maen, Cae 'r Hoi, 
and Nant y Dugoed, belonging to Sir Watkin Williams 
Wynn, Bart. ; Allt Fraith, Ehiw felen, Wern, Llech- 
wedd newydd, Fron las, Maes Garthbeibio, Hafotty 
Twrch, Cernia, Llechog, Pennant Twrch, Ty'n y Shettin, 
and Ceunant llwyd, belonging to the Earl of Powis ; 
Bryn y Chwilod, to the Incumbent of Trefor, near 
Llangollen; Bryn y Wigfa, to the Incumbent of Carno; 
Pentre Mawr and Foel Iwyd, to the Incumbent of Llan- 
Uugan. 

^ The name of this river, Efyrnwy, Femwy, or Yyrnwy, belongs, 
strictly speaking, to it after it reaches the vale of Meifod, when the 
two principal branches are united, the Banwy and the Llanwddyn 
river. Both these branches are called Efyrnwy, and the Nant yr 
Eira river, one of the tributaries of the Banwy, is also so called in 
the charter of Gwenwynwyn. It was natural enough to call the 
branches by the name of the main river at a time when its sources 
were not probably very well known. In the Brut Tysilio it is called 
Vyrnwy, where it is stated that Penda the Saxon king killed Os- 
wallt, or Oswald, near it ; but in Brut G. Ah. Arthur the name is 
Bwrna. In the History of Liang adf an I hazarded a conjecture that 
Efyrnwy meant the goat water, or river, from Bfijrn, goat, and wy, 
water. I find Wynne, in his History of Wales, calls it Murnwy. 
(Wynne's Hist, of Wales, p. 17 ; Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 323 : Archce- 
ology of Wales, vol. ii, pp. 474, 652.) 



PARISH OF GARTHBEIBIO. 11 

Geology. — The principal rocks of this district are of 
the Silurian formation, chiefly those denominated by 
geologists the Wenlock shale. The higher hills are 
almost entirely composed of these, and the soil which 
covers them is only a thin layer, in many places, of a 
few inches in thickness. Peat soil and turbaries cover 
the greatest part of the dingles and hollows among the 
mountains, and from these the chief part of the fuel 
used by the inhabitants is obtained, as coal is too 
expensive to become generally used as fuel by the 
country people, owing to the distance of land carriage, 
without any railway accommodation, as yet, in the 
district. There is good building stone found at a 
place called Nant y Cathau, in a remote and distant 
part of the parish ; for which reason it is not so ex- 
tensively used as it would othervnse be, for it excels 
any thing of the sort found in this neighbourhood. 
No minerals of any kind have been discovered in the 
parish, and probably there is not any of much value 
to be found, as the rocks are chiefly composed of 
that soft shale formation which seldom contains much 
mineral. The general appearance of the mountains 
and hills in these parts, clearly indicates that they 
were at one time covered by the sea, and most of 
them upheaved during that interval by volcanic action. 
The dingles and hollows, as well as the most important 
valleys surrounding the principal rivers, were formed 
by the action of water, either when the sea covered 
these parts, or by the course of the rivers and streams, 
which were at one time, probably, much larger than at 
present. The peat soil, which covers the dingles and 
hollows among the mountains, has been formed by 
vegetable matter, carried there by water, or decaying 
on the ground ; and it would appear that large forests 
of trees, at one time, covered many of these hills, and 
these, for ages, decaying and falling on the ground 
where they grew, formed peat bogs and turbaries in 
the process of time. 



12 HISTORY OF THE 

SECTION II. 
ARCHEOLOGY. 

Most of the earns and barrows which at one time 
existed in this parish have been demoHshed, and the 
stones used for the purpose of making walls and fences 
by the farmers. There was a earn, not long since, on 
the top of Bwlch y fed wen, near the road which leads 
to Mallwyd over that pass. This was of considerable 
size, and conical in form, its height being about four or 
^ve yards, and its circumference about sixty yards. 
It was demolished in the year 1833, and the stones 
were used to make a wall between the farms of Doly- 
maen and Cae r lloi; and the wall made of the 
materials extends to nearly half a mile. There was 
nothing found inside it. Another earn stood near 
the turnpike road, in a field called Cae r dentyr, 
not far from the Foel bridge. This was demolished, 
and most of the materials were used in making the 
Foel bridge, and the new road leading to it, about the 
year 1790. There were some remains of this to be 
seen until of late years. A stone chest was found in 
this ; but it had been robbed of its contents by the 
curiosity of previous visitors. The lid of it had been 
thrown aside, and the chest was filled with loose stones 
and rubbish.^ Not far from the spot where this stood, 
there is yet an ancient tumulus, or a mound of earth, 
to be seen. This was probably a sepulchral monument, 
and may have been in some way connected with the 
earn near it. We have already noticed these ancient 
sepulchral monuments in the history of the neigh- 
bouring parish of Llangadfan.^ 

High up on the hills, near the boundary of the parish 
of Llan y mawddwy, there are three barrows of con- 
siderable size, called Carneddau V Gwragedd, or the 
women's barrows, and the history connected with 
them is both melancholy and ajffecting. When Garth- 

' Cambrian Register, 1796, p. 380; Jones's Plwyf Gartlibeibio 
aH' Hynafiaethau. 2 Mont. Coll, vol. ii, p. 326. 



PARISH OF GARTHBETBIO. 13 

beibio was a chapel of ease belonging to Llan y maw- 
ddwy, three women started to the mother church one 
Sunday morning in winter to be churched. But when 
they had reached the height of the mountain, a snow 
storm came on and enveloped them in darkness ; and 
when a search was made for them, the three were found 
dead on the spot where these barrows were raised to 
commemorate the melancholy event, and to denote the 
spot where their mortal remains found a last resting 
place. This sad event, it is said, hastened the time for 
Garthbeibio to be made a separate parish. 

This circumstance confirms, in a remarkable manner, 
what Giraldus Cambrensis says of the religious feeling 
of the Welsh in his time, and that they shewed greater 
regard than any other nation for churches and ecclesias- 
tical persons.^ 

Near the church is St. Tydecho's well. This was in 
great repute at one time, and its waters were con- 
sidered very efficacious in the cure of rheumatism and 
other maladies, and resorted to by great numbers of 
invalids. But judging from its present neglected ap- 
pearance, it would be difficult to persuade any one now 
to believe the stories related by some of the old inha- 
bitants of the wonderful cures often effected by its 
waters. At present, it is only a dirty and neglected 
pond, half filled with mud and rubbish, and the greater 
part of the water supply, it is said, has been diverted 
from its original channel, by draining the land about it. 
There was once an image of the saint's head, in stone, 
placed at the northern side of the w^ell ; but some van- 
dals, having no regard for remains of antiquity, nor 
even respect for common decency, threw it away ; and 
the last heard of it was as a plaything on the side of 
the river among some children, who in the end threw 
it in, and no more was heard of it. All parties who 
bathed in the well threw a pin into it on leaving, as a 
thank-offering ; and it was considered an -act of sacri- 
lege to take any of these pins away. Close to this well 

^ Giraldus Carabrensis's Description of Wales, cap. 18 j Jones's 
Plwyf Gartlibeihio aH Hynafiaethau. 



14 HISTORY OF THE 

there was another called Ffynnon Rhigos, where the 
inhabitants of the parish, both young and old, upon 
stated occasions, came together to drink the water 
mixed with sugar. It is not known what was the 
origin of this custom. 

The high ground between Garthbeibio and Mallwyd, 
over which the turnpike road to Machynlleth passes, is 
called Bwlch y fedwen, or the Pass of the birch tree. 
Here the water runs in both directions, on one side of 
the pass to the Banwy, and on the other to the Dovey, 
and the two counties, Merionethshire and Montgomery- 
shire, meet. The abode of some of the Gwilliaid 
Cochion Mawddwy, the red-haired Banditti of Maw- 
ddwy, was in the lower part of this pass, at Dugoed, 
and Nant y Dugoed. These were the terror, not only 
of the wild parts of the country about them, but of 
nearly the whole of North Wales, about three hundred 
and twenty years ago. They were called the Bed 
Banditti of Mawddwy because certain leaders among 
them had red foxy hair. For some time they set the 
laws at defiance, and committed the most frightful 
outrages, filling with terror the minds of all the peace- 
able inhabitants of the country around, who, in order 
to save their lives, in going to Shrewsbury and other 
places, quitted the regular roads, and crossed over the 
mountains in this and the adjoining parishes, to avoid 
meeting these savage and fierce robbers. And to pro- 
tect themselves from being surprised in the night, they 
had fixed scythes in the chimneys of their houses, some 
of which were seen remaining there as late as the end 
of last century. To put an end to these acts of violence 
and robbery, a commission was granted to John Wynne 
ap Meredydd of Gwydir, Esq., and Lewis Owen of 
Llwyn, near Dolgelley, Esq., Vice Chamberlain and 
Baron of the Exchequer for North Wales, who, having 
raised a strong body of men, on Christmas eve, made 
prisoners of about eighty of the robbers, upon whom 
they passed a sentence, punishing them according to 
the extent of their crimes. Among these there were 



I PARISH OF GARTHBEIBIO. 15 

two young men, whose mother urgently entreated the 
judge to spare one of them ; but he decUned to grant 
her request, when she, with all the vindictiveness of 
malignant fury, vowed that revenge should be taken 
upon the Baron by her surviving sons. And these 
watched their opportunity as Baron Owen was passing 
through these parts to the Montgomeryshire assizes, 
in 1555 ; and he was waylaid by a numerous band of 
desperadoes among the thick woods of Dugoed. The 
road was blocked up by several long trees, which were 
cut down and thrown across it ; and the villains, after 
discharging a shower of arrows, rushed upon their 
victim, whom they murdered, and left his body on the 
road, covered with thirty wounds. The place where 
this tragical event took place is yet called Llidiart y 
Barwn, the Baron's gate. But this atrocious act brought 
down upon the banditti the punishment which their 
long course of merciless outrages demanded ; the whole 
nest of them was extirpated, many of them were tried 
and executed, and the rest fled never to return.^ 

On the top of Bwlch y fedwen are to be seen the 
ruins of an old house, where these robbers, according 
to tradition, showed a certain amount of charitable dis- 
position and kindly feeling upon one occasion. A num- 
ber of them went to the door when hungry, and asked 
for relief The old woman, who was the only inmate 
in the house at the time, gave them all she had, no 
doubt more from fear than love. At daylight, one of 
the following mornings, these, or some of their com- 
panions, had brought a ^hq fat pig, killed and dressed, 
and placed it as a present at the old woman's door.^ 

There is a proverb often heard in the neighbourhood 
on a dark night, to the effect that *' it is high time to 
run to the top of Bwlch y Fedwen to look for the day." 
The origin of this proverb, as it is said, took place thus. 
There was an innocent old family once residing at a 

^ Pennant's Tours in Wales ; Williams's Eminent Welshmen : 
Lewis's Topographical Dictionary. 
^ Joneses Ha7ies Plwyf Oarthbeibio. 



1(5 HISTORY OF THE 

place called Cwmllecoediog, in the adjoining parish of 
Mallwyd. Whilst they were all in bed one dark win- 
ter night, a number of mischievous youths walled up 
the windows of the house with sods, so that not a ray 
of light could enter in, when day-light made its appear- 
ance. The family slept comfortably for the night, and 
the whole of the next day ; but on the evening of the 
second day they began to think that it was the longest 
night that ever existed since " darkness was upon the 
face of the deep." They began to become uneasy, and 
they resolved to get up to look for the sun. The old 
man called upon the lads to follow him, saying, '' We 
must go and look for the sun/' And away they went, 
and made diligent search for it without any success, 
until they arrived at the summit of Bwlch y fedwen ; 
here day-light greeted them to their great joy. The 
old worthy of Cwmllecoediog was ever known after- 
wards by the dignified title of the "man of light." 
Such we are told was the origin of the above-mentioned 
proverb. 

On the top of Bwlch y fedwen there is a grave of 
traditional notoriety, known by the name of the " Car- 
rier's grave," where it is said one of the old carriers of 
by-gone days lies buried. Whilst following his pack 
horses over this desolate pass, he was way-laid by a 
band of robbers, murdered, and was buried on the spot 
where he was slain. ^ 

Dol y maen is a farm house not far from Bwlch y 
fedwen, but in the sixteenth century it was a mansion, 
and place of importance, as the residence of the 
Yaughans, a branch of the ancient family of Llwydi- 
arth. The old house was taken down some years ago, 
and the present farm house built on its site. There 
was an inscription in the old house of the sixteenth 
century, over the parlour door, containing the following 
letters, '' j. d. v., 15**." The windows belonging to it 
had been brought from Llwydiarth, but no trace of them 
is now to be discovered. 

^ Jones's Hans Plwyf Garthheibio 'aH Hynafiaethau. 



PARISH OF GARTHBEIBIO. 1 7 

On the common above the Vron, and in some other 
momitainous districts of the parish, are to be seen 
many of those gryniau, or ridges, which we noticed in 
the neighbouring parish^ of Llangadfan, where the 
ancient inhabitants used to sow their corn. These 
prove that portions of land were at one time under 
cultivation in these parts, w^here nothing now but wild 
mountains and heather extend on all sides. It is 
probable that no fences existed at that time, and that 
the land where corn was sown was not protected 
in any way ; but the sheep and cattle were put to 
graze at a distance from it, and not allowed to come to 
those parts. The divisions between the various owners 
were marked by boundary stones. 



SECTION III. 
ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT. 

As we have already stated, the church in this parish 
was founded by Tydecho, in the sixth century. This 
was probably a cell, or a small religious house, under 
Llan y mawddwy. We have no further record of 
religion and the progress of Christianity among the 
inhabitants of these parts at this period, and the tra- 
dition respecting Tydecho, and his connection with the 
parish, is, in many respects, so vague and uncertain, 
that it savours more of a legend of the dark ages, than 
of real history. In Pope Nicholas's Taxation, which 
was made in the year 1291, Garthbeibio appears as a 
chapel under Llan y mawddwy. The following is the 
account given in that ancient record : — 

DEANEEY OF MAWDDWY AND CYFEILIAWQ. 

The church of Llan y mawddwy, with the chapels 
thereof, Mallwyd and Garthbeibio, valued at ; — 

^ Montgomerysldre Collections, vol. ii, p, 330. 
VOL. VI. C 



18 HISTORY OF THE 

Rectory £10 Tenth £10 

Vicarage 2 Not tithed. 

At the time the Valor Ecclesiasticus of Henry VIII 
was made, in the twenty-sixth year of that monarch's 
reign, Garthbeibio was a rectory, and is placed in the 
deanery of Pool and Caereinion. The following is the 
entry in that important document : — 

DEANERY OF POOL AND CAEREINION. 

Rectory of Garthbeibio. 

Value of tithes of corn and hay . . per annum £0 8 
Lambs and wool .... „ 134 

Lactuals and other small tithes . . „ 19 6 

Oblations „ 3 17 4 



£6 8 2 

Thence in reprisals, viz. : 

s. d. 

Lactuals to the Bishop 3 4 

Annual Procurations . . . . . .34 

6 8 

Clear yearly value £6 16 

Thence a tenth . . . . - . . . 12 2 

The tenth went to the king, but in the time of 
Queen Anne, it was given up to augment poor livings, 
and is known since under the name of Queen Anne's 
Bounty. Many small livings were discharged from the 
payment of it, and Garthbeibio was among that 
number. 

The value of the tithes of Garthbeibio, in 1720, was 
only £19, and the parish, at that time, had in it only 
eight farm houses. The tithes are now commuted at 
£119 ; and in the year 1863, the tithes of the town- 
ship of Moelfeliarth, in the parish of Llangadfan, 
amounting to £82 4s. 2d., were transferred to this 
parish, and the same ratified by an Order in Council, 
bearing date 9th of September, 1865. The jurisdiction 



PARISH OF GARTHBEIBIO. 



19 



of the townships of Moelfeharth and Maesll}' mysten, in 
the said parish of Llangadfan, had been already trans- 
ferred to the rector of Garthbeibio, in the year 1863, 
by an Order in Council. When the Eev. E. Jones was 
rector of the parish, who was collated by Bishop Shipley 
in 1779, two small tenements in the parish of Llanerfyl 
were purchased with money granted by the Governors 
of Queen Anne's Bounty to augment the living ; and 
in the time of the present rector these were sold, and 
the money, amounting to £547 15s., invested for the 
benefit of the living, in the three per cent. Consolidated 
Bank Annuities. A grant of £200 more was received 
from the Bounty board in 1865, to meet the transfer 
of tithes made from the parish of Llangadfan. 

The following is a list of the rectors of the parish, as 
given by Browne Willis, in his Survey of St. Asaph, 
edition of 1801, and continued to the present time. 

Year. 

John Goch, collated by Bishop Warton . .1537 

William ab Owen, collated by Bishop Goldwell . 1556 

J. Powell, collated by Bishop Hughes . . .1598 

David Nicholas, collated by Bishop Morgan . . 1602 

David Lloyd Thomas, deprived by Bishop Parry . 1614 

Richard Pearks, collated by Bishop Parry . .1618 

John Vaughan, collated by Bishop Hanmer . .1627 

David Davies, collated by Bishop Hanmer . . 1628 

J. Davis, collated by Bishop Hanmer . . . 1635 

J. Vaughan, collated by Bishop Griffiths . . 1662 

James Williams, collated by Bishop Barrow . .1675 

J. Foulkes, collated by Bishop Barrow . . 1677 

Evan Pritchard, collated by Bishop Lloyd . . 1685 

David Morrice, collated by Bishop Beveridge . . 1 705 

Evan Lloyd, collated by Bishop Hare . . .1 729 

John Jones, collated by Bishop Tanner . . 1 734 

Henry Williams, collated by Bishop Lisle . . 1746 

E. Jones, collated by Bishop Shipley . . 1779 

David Lewis, collated by Bishop Bagot . . 1 794 

W. E. Jones, collated by Bishop Short . .1850 

Walker, in his Sufferings of the Clergy, says that 
John Davies, who was rector of the parish during the 
Commonwealth, suffered much persecution. " I have 

C 2 



20 



HISTORY OF THE 



seen," he says, " the state of his case under his own 
hand, by which it appears that he was not permitted to 
come and make his own defence. He was also im- 
prisoned."^ This probably happened about the time 
Vavasor Powell was sent to sequester the livings of the 
clergy in Montgomeryshire, and the rectory house at 
Llangadfan was burnt down by the rebels. '^ 

Garthbeibio is in the patronage of the Bishop of 
St. Asaph, and is a discharged rectory. The church, 
which was an ancient structure, and in a very dilapi- 
dated condition, was rebuilt in the year 1 862, and is now 
a neat and suitable edifice, well adapted to the require- 
ments of the parish, and having sittings in it for one 
hundred and thirty persons, all free. In the old church 
there were some curious oak carvings, which are now 
in possession of the rector. 

In a Terrier, bearing date July 13th, 1791, there is 
an account of the various charitable donations given at 
different times to the poor of this parish. The follow- 
ing is a list of these donations as they appear in the 
Terrier : — 

Owen Thomas Rees, left 
Evan David Thomas 
Elizabeth Clerk . 
Elizabeth Evan David 
Rees Thomas, of Dyfnant 

whereof one pound was lost. 
Maurice Griffiths 
Howell David Shone 
John Rees 

David Evans, of Cae'r lloi 

Robert Thomas Owen, of Rhiwfelen, gentleman 
Grace Hughes^ of Nant y Saeson 

These several legacies, being in the whole £61, have 
been laid out upon the second district of the Mont- 
gomeryshire turnpike roads, and secured by a bond, 
dated 8th of June, 1791 ; and the annual interest is 
distributed among the poor of the parish. From the 

^ Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, p. 235. 
2 Montgomeryshire Collections, vol. ii, p. 336. 




6 

2 

10 

2 

20 
10 




GARTHBEIBIO OLD CHURCH. 




GARTHBEIBIO NEW CHURCH. 



BIBY LITH.LPOOL -. 



MONT.. COLL. VOL. V). 
TO TACE PACE 20. 



J 



PARISH OF OARTHBEIBIO. 21 

Keport of the Charity Commissioners, published in 
1838, it appears that the interest of £10, given by 
John Bees, was to be given to the poorest person in the 
parish, who, during the preceding year, had received 
the smallest amount of parish relief And it was not 
usual to give it to the same person in two consecutive 
years/ 

The Ecclesiastical parish of Garthbeibio, as at present 
constituted, includes Garthbeibio itself, and the town- 
ships of Moelfeliarth and Maesllymysten, transferred to 
it, as already stated, from the parish of Llangadfan. 
The population of the Ecclesiastical parish, according 
to the census of 1871, amounted to 596. The registers 
belonging to the church go no further back than 1710. 
There are ^ve volumes of them, which are in a good 
state of preservation. There is a silver flagon among 
the communion plate, given by the Rev. Henry Wil- 
liams, with this inscription upon it : 

" Henricus Williames, A.M., olim e Coll. Jes. Oxon, D.D. 
Deo et Ecclesiae de Garthbeibio, a.d. 1739. 

There is another silver cup, with this inscription 
upon it : 

" To the honour and glory of God, and to the use of Garth- 
beibio Church/^ " To the price thereof the Rev, Mr. Evan 
Lloyd hath given one guinea." 

The date found on the bell of the church, when it 
was taken down in 1862, was 1665. The beU was re- 
cast at the time the church was restored, and there is 
no inscriptian upon it at present. It is probable the 
old church had been either rebuilt or restored, about 
the year 1665, and this date referred to that event. 

The festival of Tydecho, the patron saint of the 
parish, used to be kept on Easter Monday, and at 
Mallwyd also the same time. Many games and sports 
used to be indulged in that day by the inhabitants, and 
amongst other things, cock-fighting held a conspicuous 
place, and the remains of the old pit are yet pointed 

^ Charity Commissioners' 1838 Report, p. 283. 



22 HISTORY OF THE 

out, a little distance above the churchyard. These 
festivals were originally kept for religious purposes, and 
devoted to alms-giving, prayer to God, and due com- 
memoration of God's mercies, and the praiseworthy 
deeds of the saint. But in course of time they were 
perverted from their original intention, and became 
corrupted and immoral in their tendency. The original 
intention was to commemorate the happy day when a 
house of God had been erected within an easy distance 
to the inhabitants. But this, in the process of time, 
degenerated into a petty feast or fair, consisting of 
rustic revelry, though it commonly originated in the 
day when the church of the parish had been set apart 
from all common and profane uses to the service of 
God.^ 

In the year 1863, a considerable change took place 
in the Ecclesiastical parish of Gaii:hbeibio, in conse- 
quence of the transfer to it of two townships from the 
parish of Llangadfan, as we have already mentioned, 
Moelfeliarth and Maesllymysten, and the tithes of the 
township of Moelfeliarth. This was done under the 
Act 3 and 4 Victoria, chap. 1 ] 3, and Act 1 7 and 1 8 
Victoria, chap. 84. The scheme, containing the Order in 
Council transferring the jurisdiction of the two town- 
ships, was pubhshed in the London Gazette for May 1863, 
and that transferring the tithes of Moelfeliarth, in the 
London Gazette for September 12th, 1865. The popula- 
tion of the two townships thus transferred, amounted, by 
the census of last year, to 264, thus making the present 
population of the Ecclesiastical parish of Garthbeibio 
by the same census 596. The tithes of Moelfeliarth 
have been commuted at £82 4s. 2d. The following is 
the schedule attached to the scheme transferring the 
above tithes, showing the landowners, the occupiers of 
the various farms, and quantity of land in each, as given 
in the tithe apportionment of the parish of Llangadfan, 
made in the year 1838. 

^ Williams's Ecclesiastical Antiquities of the Ci/mri/ ; Soames's 
Anglo- Saxo7i Church. 



PARISH OF GARTHBEIBIO. 



23 



Quantities 



I^H Landowners. 


Occupiers. 


in Statute Kent 
Measure. Charge. 


I^H 




A. R. p. £ s. 


d. 


W Earl of Powis . 


. Sidney Roberts . 


1040 24 — 7 15 





H 


. . John Williams . 


51 3 29 — 2 11 





■ 


. . Evan Evans . . 


11 1 23 — 5 





■ 


. . Margaret Richards 


2 1 9 — 2 


6 


H 


. . Rowland Morris . 


77 3 9 — 2 12 





■ 


. Margaret Evans anc 






■ 


others 


11 5 — 


1 


■ 


. . Evan Evans . . 


2 36 — 2 


8 


m 


. . John Foulkes. 


1 12 — 1 





^ ■ 


. . Evan Rowlands . 


6 1 9 — 15 





» 


. . David Jones . . 


4 3 32 — 8 


6 


j> 


. Owen Williams . 


13 8 — 


1 


>> • 


. . Richard Jones Millei 


1 0—0 


1 


»j 


. . Morris Evans 


50 3 23 — 1 12 





» 


. . John Jones . . 


38 3 26 — 2 





5> 


. . Richard Jones 


. 10 1 39 — 


1 


i Sir Watkin Williams 






Wynn, Bart. . 


. Elizabeth Jones . . 


72 1 34 — 3 18 





" 


. Anne Williams . 


49 3 16 — 3 14 





>) 


. . Evan Williams . 


58 3 13 — 6 10 





Kepresentatives of the 






late John Smith . Evan Evans . . . 


82 35 — 12 





Jane Richards 


. David Lloyd . . 


73 1 21 — 8 12 


6 


i) 


. Elizabeth Jones . 


22 — 


2 


» 


. Evan Morgan 


3 23 — 


1 


i " 


. Edward Davies . . 


38 10 — 5 9 





j> 


• ?) • 


6 2 2 — 14 





)> 


. Evan Williams . 


25 3 25 — 2 


9 


Rev. Hugh Owen, 


Cu- 






rateofTreforcha 


pel David Hughes 


22 2 11 — 1 5 


3 


Thomas Bowen 


. Thomas Thomas 


75 3 39 - 3 14 


9 


1 Thomas Morris 


. . Himself . . . 


74 3 39 — 3 18 





Thomas Rees . 


. David Evans . . . 


1 1 24 — ■ 4 





David Davies . 


• )» • • 


22 2 21 — 3 5 


9 


1 55 


. Richard Jones . 


13 5 — 2 





' Evan Griffiths 


. John Jones . . 


. 44 1 18 — 2 18 





" 


. . Morris Thomas . 


13 1 37 — 1 1 





i John Davies . 


. William Morris . 


8 21 — 6 


6 


5) • 


. . John Jones . . 


. 10 1 6 ^ 15 





' Evan Price 


. . David Evans . . 


5 4 — 8 





! Evan Evans . 


. Himself 


. 109 14 — 4 10 


6 


! 


. . Elizabeth Jones . 
Carried forward . . . 


4 — 1 





2887 1 £72 5 


3 







24 



HISTORY OF THE 



Landowners. 



Occupiers. 



Rev. L. Darwell 
curate of Criggion 



Brought forward 



Chapel 
Eliza Bennet 
Mar J Owen 

?> 

J) 
Thomas Jones 



Hugh Hughes 
. Evan Evans . 
. David Evans . 
. Robert Owen . 
, Edward Jones 
. Howell Williams 



Zachariah Humphreys Robert Lloyd . 



Quantities 
in Statute 
Measure. 

A. R. P. 

2887 1 



£72 



Rent 
Charge 



75 2 3 — 4 5 
202 8 — 4 16 

14 _ 
27 B 5 — 13 

1 3 25 — 
1 38 — 
3 2 17 — 4 



3198 1 31 £82 4 2 



I 



SECTION IV. 
POPULATION. 

The inhabitants of this parish are almost exckisively 
engaged in agriculture, or as mechanics and workmen 
upon the Earl of Powis's estate. Most of the farms 
are small, and the tenants cultivate them themselves, 
thus forming a class of men partly tenant farmers and 
partly farm labourers. Some of the houses, which have 
lately been rebuilt, are good, and built upon a new and 
improved model of construction ; but the old-fashioned 
farm houses, and cottages on the hills, are yet, many of 
them, wretched in appearance, and the accommodation 
in them of the meanest description. The expense of 
getting good building materials, such as lime, timber, 
and slates, bricks, and tiles, is so great, without good 
roads, nor any railway accomodation near, that the in- 
habitants have been obliged to use what they can afford 
to procure near them, such as clay instead of lime, 
rushes and straw for thatching their buildings instead 
of slates, and mud floors instead of tiles or flags. But the 
family fare of almost all the people in these mountain- 
ous districts has greatly changed for the better of late 
years. For instead of bread made of barley and rye. 



PARISH OF GARTHBEIBIO. 2.5 

and oatmeal cake, wheat bread is generally used ; 
and the dress of the people, both men and women, has 
greatly changed from the primitive and old-fashioned 
style of fifty and sixty years ago, to the more modern 
fashion of their neighbours in the lowlands. 

The number of inhabitants in the parish, accord- 
ing to the census of 1871, was 332 ; and in 1861, the 
number was 372 ; in 1851, it was 383 ; in 1841, 355 ; 
and in 1831, 342. In this comparison we find the same 
thing as we noticed in the case of the parish of Llan- 
gadfan, the gradual falling off of the population of late 
years. And this seems to be generally the case in all 
the agricultural parishes throughout the kingdom ; so 
much so, that we find that this falling off of the rural 
population, and the consequent accumulation of the 
people in the large towns, is a question which has 
attracted the notice of our scientific men, and is by 
them considered as an indication of the degeneracy of 
race in this kingdom. Dr. Beddoe read a paper bear- 
ing upon the subject, before a meeting of the British 
Association in 1871, to which the reader is referred for 
further information on the subject. 

Tlie Nonconformists began to establish themselves 
in the parish during the latter half of last century. 
The great religious excitement, which followed the rise 
and progress of Methodism in Wales, gradually reached 
these parts, and commenced in the efibrts made by 
some of their itinerants to preach in the open air, and 
in some of the farm houses to which they might gain 
access. But as the bidk of the Welsh people at that 
time were much opposed to anything which savoured 
of Puritanism, the preachers often met with great 
opposition, and were frequently roughly handled by 
the mob, and at times with difficulty could escape 
without serious injury; and some, it is said, were in 
danger for their lives. The first sermon, it is stated, 
was preached by the Nonconformists, in the farm-yard 
of a place called Twrch, about the year 1786. The 
preacher met with great opposition. The Calvinistic 



26 HISTORY OF THE 

Methodists afterwards frequently had preaching at Dol 
y Gwaha and Dol Iwyd, and once or twice in the farm- 
yard of Gurlas. And about sixty or seventy years 
ago, a noted minister of the name of Ishmael Jones, 
from the parish of Llandlnam, attempted to preach 
near Maes Garthbeibio, but was obliged to seek refuge 
from his persecutors on the top of a barn, which hap- 
pened to be at hand. " The prayer of Stephen," said 
he, with perhaps more wit than christian charity, *^ was 
in my mind at the time, and I could say from my heart, 
*Lord Jesus, receive my spirit;' but for the life of me 
I could not say, ' Lay not this sin to their charge.'" 
About the year 1795, the Independents, in conjunc- 
tion with the Calvinistic Methodists, commenced to 
hold religious meetings at a place called Llechwedd 
bach ; but as they met with much opposition, the 
tenant, Mr. E. Hughes, had his house registered for 
the purpose. After that every thing went on peace- 
ably. There are two chapels at present in the parish, 
Beersheba, belonging to the Independents, and Salem, 
to the Wesleyans. Five persons, natives of this parish, 
became dissenting ministers, the Revs. H. Hughes, 
Rowland Davies, and John Morris, among the Inde- 
pendents ; Rev. F. Jones, among the Calvinistic Metho- 
dists ; and the Rev. D. Ellis, among the Wesleyans.^ 

Education. — The language in use among the inhabi- 
tants of the parish is Welsh, with the exception of two 
or three English families, who have come of late years 
to settle in the parish. A national school was es- 
tablished here in the year 1854, chiefly through the 
instrumentality of the Earl of Powis and his family. 
The school is very efficiently conducted, and his Lord- 
ship, the Countess of Powis, Lady Lucy Calvert, and 
Lady Harriet Herbert, take great interest in its wel- 
fare, and assist and encourage the work carried on in 
it, by rewarding the most meritorious scholars, and other 
means.^ We find the same difficulty encountered here, as 
we noticed in the case of the parish of Llangadfan, owdng 
1 Jones's Hanes Garthbeibio aH Eynafimthau. 



I 

I 



PAPJSH OF GARTHBEIBIO. 27 

o the only language in use among the inhabitants 
eing Welsh, and the language taught in the school 
eing English, and thus the children have to acquire 
he information, and the medium through which it is 
communicated to them, during the brief period they 
remain in school. But knowledge of English is 
gradually advancing, and gaining ground in these 
remote parts, and making that difficulty less ; though 
it will take many years before English will become the 
medium of communication at the home and the fireside 
of the inhabitants generally in these remote districts, 
and perhaps a longer period still before it will supersede 
the ancient language in places of religious worship. 
The new Educational Act, lately passed in Parliament, 
will no doubt very much facilitate the cause of educa- 
tion in parts hitherto not reached by benevolent efforts 
and individual exertions, and cause the establishment 
of schools in places w^here nothing of the kind was ever 
known before, by compelling the rate-payers to support 
them as a matter of duty. 

Hafottai, or Summer dwellings. — These ancient 
dwellings are numerous in most of the mountainous 
parts of Wales ; and in the higher districts of this 
parish, and the adjoining parish of Llan y mawddwy, 
there are several of them. The farmers, in former 
times, used to migrate from the lowlands into these 
dwelhngs, and reside there during the greatest part 
of the summer, having their cattle w^ith them, and the 
things necessary for the dairies. And it was then they 
generally harvested the hay, w^hich they call gwair 
rhosydd, a short coarse kind of hay, which grows upon 
the peat soil and moors, and is so short, that in some 
parts of the country they were obliged to carry it home 
in baskets and sacks after it was cut. In one of these 
old dwellings, situated high among the hills, called 
Hafotty yn Nhwrch, a daring robber of the name of 
Sion de Benyon made his abode. Eventually Sion was 
followed to his retired dwelling place, in consequence 
of the frequent depredations he committed in the sur- 



28 THE PARISH OF GARTHBEIBTO. | 

rounding country, and was captured by one Lewis 
Thomas, of Coed Ladur, in the parish of Llanuwchlyn. 
The thief almost killed Thomas during the scuffle, with 
some frightful stick he had in his possession. Benyoii 
was sent to prison ; but his wife was allowed to pay 
him a visit at Christmas, and to take with her a present 
of a fat goose to enable her husband to have a merry 
Christmas in his place of confinement. But she had 
been able to conceal instruments to break the iron bars 
of the prison, inside the goose ; and with the assist- 
ance of these the robber escaped. But following the 
same wicked career afterwards, he was at last taken 
and executed ; and one of his last words under the 
gallows was to request his friends to make a present 
of his favourite stick to Lewis Thomas for the courage 
he had formerly shown at Fotty yn Nhwrch.^ 

^ Jones's Hanes Plwijf Garthheihio aH Hynafiaethau. 



29 



SHIELD OF ARMS IN THE EAST WINDOW 
OF BUTTINGTON CHUECH. 



In the east window of the parish church of Buttington, 
in the county of Montgomery, among some fragments 
of ancient stained glass, there is a quartered shield of 
arms in a tolerably perfect state. Enquiry has been 
made at various time whose arms this shield represents 
(see Notes and Queries, 4th series, iv, p. 523, and ibid. 
V, p. 23, also Oswestry Advertiser, Bygones column, 
21st Aug., 1872) ; but no satisfactory answer has 
hitherto been given. We would venture to offer the 
following solution. 

The shield is not large, and being placed in the win- 
dow some height from the ground, the charges in it are 
not distinguishable without getting up close to it. 

The shield is thus blazoned : — 

Quarterly of four grand quarters. 

1st and 4tli quarterly of four; 1st and 4tli, or, two lions 
passant, az. ; 2nd and 3rd, ar., a cross patonce, az. 

2nd and 3rd quarterly; 1st and 4th, or, a lion rampant, 
gules ; 2nd and 3rd, ar., a saltire, gules. 

The 1st and 4th quarters in the 1st grand quarter 
seem to be the arms of " Somerie, Baron Dudley," 
which in Burke's Extinct Peerage are given as "or, 
two lioncels passant, az. ; " but Blakeway, in his 
Sheriffs of Shropshire, under Eoger de Someri, sheriff 
of Shropshire in 1262, gives his arms as "or, two lions 
passant in pale, az." 



30 ARMORIAL SHIELD IN BUTTIXGTON CHURCH. 

The 2n(i and 3rd quarters, "an a cross patonce, az^ 
are the arms of " Sutton, Baron Dudley." 

The 1st and 4th grand quarters therefore seem to be 
the quartered shield of the " Somerie" and "Sutton" 
arms. But as the Sutton family was the one which 
was connected with the chief family of the district 
in which Buttington is situated, we should have expected 
to have found the Sutton arms 1st and 4th, and the 
Somerie 2nd and 3rd. Instances certainly can be quoted 
where the house or family from which the dignity or 
inheritance was derived is given the first quarter, and 
this we venture to think is another example. 

The 2nd and 3rd grand quarters contain 1st and 
4th " or, a lion ramp, gules,'' which is the shield of the 
princes and lords of Powys, Griffith ap Wennunwen, 
and Sir John de Cherleton (see Montgomeryshire 
Collections, appendix to vol. ii, review by J. Gough 
Nichols, p. xxiii). 

The 2nd and 3rd quarters, *'ar., a sal tire gules" 
much resemble the heraldic insignia of John Tiptoft, 
Lord Tiptoft and Powys, who married Joyce, daughter 
and co-heiress of Edward de Cherleton, Lord of Powys 
(see Mont. Coll., vol. i, p. 352). The Tiptoft arms are 
blazoned by Burke, " az. a saltire ingrailed, gu." and 
although this quarter is slightly different, there can, 
we conceive, be no reasonable doubt that it is intended 
for the Tiptoft shield. 

With reference to the 1st and 4th grand quarters, it 
may be mentioned that Margaret, one of the co-heiresses 
of John de Somerie, K.B., who was the last feudal 
baron of that name, of Dudley, in Staffordshire, mar- 
ried Sir John de Sutton, who thus acquired the feudal 
castle of Dudley. Their son, John de Sutton, was 
summoned to parliament as Baron Sutton of Dudley, 
and he and his descendants would, it is conceived, be 
entitled to quarter the Sutton and Somerie arms ; and 
if precedence were yielded to the maternal arms, as 
was^ frequently done, on account of the feudal dignity 
having descended through the mother, this quartered 



SHIELD OF ARMS OF 

AAV Uve^ OadV Av^MukfW /y\ 

BUITINGl^N CHURCH. 




T.S.JONES, PINXIT 



RiBY, uth,i:pool. 



Quarterly or four grand quarters 



1ST AND 4th, Quarterly. 

1st AND 4th, SOMERIE. 

2nd and 3rd, Sutton. 



2nd and 3rd. Quarterly. 

1st AND 4th, CHERLETON. 
2nd and 3RD, TlPTOFT 



ARMORIAL SHIELD IN BUTTINGTON CHURCH. 31 

coat would correctly represent the arms of the new 
feudal lord and his descendants. 

John de Sutton, first Baron Sutton of Dudley, mar- 
ried (according to Burke's Extinct Peerage) Isabel, 
daughter of Sir John de Cherleton, Lord of Powys. 
His great grandson, John de Sutton, fourth Baron 
Dudley, by his wife Elizabeth, widow of Sir Edward 
de Cherleton, Lord of Powys, had a son (Sir) Edmund, 
who married Joice, daughter and eventual co-heiress of 
John Lord Tiptoft and Powys, by his wife Joyce, daughter 
and co-heiress of Sir Edward de Cherleton. Joice, as 
co-heiress of her father, John Lord Tiptoft, and of her 
mother, Joyce, co-heiress of the last Cherleton, feudal 
Baron of Powys, would bring to her husband, Sir 
Edmund Sutton, the quartered shield of the Tiptofts 
and the Cherletons, and to the latter as the nobler 
descent, and as the one passing the feudal dignity, 
would probably be yielded the 1st quarter. 

Sir Edmund Sutton died vitd jpatris, and his son and 
heir, John Sutton, fifth Baron Sutton of Dudley (who 
succeeded his grandfather, John Sutton, fourth baron), 
would be entitled to quarter his paternal and maternal 
arms, in the way they are emblazoned in this shield, 
and to pass them to his descendants. 

We therefore conclude that the shield in the east 
window of Buttington Church is that of John Sutton, 
fifth Baron Dudley, or of one of his immediate descend- 
ants ; the quartered coats of the Someries and the 
Suttons — his paternal arms, being the first and fourth 
grand quarters ; and the quartered coat of the Cherle- 
tons and the Tiptofts — his maternal arms, being the 
second and third grand quarters. The genealogical table 
appended will, perhaps, put the matter in a clearer 
light. 

This ancient quartered shield is remarkable in pre- 
senting two examples of the practice of the descendants 
of men who have married into great houses, giving 
precedence to the maternal arms, and placing them in 
the first quarter, instead of the paternal arms. 



32 ARMORIAL SHIELD IN BUTTINGTON CHURCH. 

Since the foregoing was in type, we have found a 
confirmation of our conclusions, from the account which 
Nash, the historian of Worcestershire, gives of North- 
field, in that county. In Doomsday it is stated that 
Northfield, otherwise Nordfeld, belonged to William 
Fitz Ausculph, afterwards to the "Somerys," and in 
"23 Henry VIII, 1531, it was purchased of Edward 
(Sutton) Lord Dudley," from which we infer the Suttons 
succeeded the Someries in this property. In his account 
of Northfield Church, Nash says : — 

^^ In the east window of the south aisle of the church, 
within an escutcheon : 1 . Two lions pass., az., Somery, quar- 
tering, ar., a cross-croslet, az., Malpas. 2. A lion ramp., gu., 
Charlton of Foives, quartering, ar., a saltire engrailed, gu,, 
Typtote ; the third as the second, and the fourth as the first. 

''In the second pane, or, two lions pass., az., Somery, im- 
paling gu., a cross moline, ar.y Belce, quartering, sa., a cross 
engrailed, or, TJfford, over these two last a crescent, az.; on tJie 
top Dudley with quarterings."^ 

The first named coat seems almost identical with that 
in the east window of Buttin^ton church, and clearly 
belonged to one of the Suttons, Lords of Dudley. 

Again, Symonds in his Diary '^ gives the following 

1 Nash's History of Worcestershire, vol. ii, p. 190. 

2 Camden Socletifs Publications, 1859, p. 168, cited in " Herald 
and Genealogist," vol. ii, p. 495. Erdeswick, writing between 
1593 and 1603, says that " the Sutton coat proper to his name he 
took to be ar., a cross pattee, blue.'' This coat Sir Hugh Sutton 
(or, according to Ormcrod, his son Richard de Sutton) assumed when 
he married Elizabeth, heiress of William Patrick, Lord of the 
moiety of the Barony of Malpas. The arms attributed to the Barons 
of Malpas, are " ar., a cross patonce, a^.," (Ormerod's Cheshire, vol. 
ii, p. 333). Sir Hugh's grandson, Sir John de Sutton, when he 
married Margaret, heiress of John de Somerie, feudal Lord of 
Dudley, assumed the Somerie coat, " or, two lions passant, az.,'' 
and placed it in his first quarter. Subsequently the Suttons assumed 
^^or, a lion rampant double quevee, vert,'' but Erdeswick asserts 
that "before the time of Henry VIII never did any of the Suttons 
of Dudley Castle bear a lion either with one tail or two, but either 
Somery's two lions, or else ar., a cross pattee, blue." The variations 
in the arms of this family are remarkable, and are illustrated in the 
above quotations. 



ARMORIAL SHIELD IN BUTTINGTON CHURCH. 33 

epitaph of two of the children of Edward, Lord Dudley 
and FoweSy from Himley church, which is confirmatory 
of our view : — 

" Hie jacet Willelmus Suttoun et Constantia soror ejusdem 
filia p'nobilissimi Domini Edwardi Suttoun militis, Domini 
Dudley et Powes, qui quidem Wilhelmus obijt 22'^ Dec. 1504, 
Constantia v'' 15 Marcii 1501, quorum A. This coate, quarterly 
i and iv: 1 and 4, two lions passant; 2 and 3, a cross flory : 
ii and iii : 1 and 4^ a lion rampant ; 2 and 3, a saltire en- 
grailed/^ 

The epitaph is interesting, also, as furnishing an in- 
stance where Lord Dudley assumed the title of Fowes, 
in right of his descent, through the Tiptofts, from the 
last Cherleton, Lord of Powys, and of his inheriting a 
portion of the feudal barony of Powys. 

But it appears that the Sutton family did not inva- 
riably bear this quartered coat, for amongst the arms 
in St. Edmund's Church, Dudley,^ Nash says : 

^^In the highest south window, two lions pass., Somery, 
quartering, a lion ramp., Charlton, Lord of Powys, the next, a 
saltire engrailed, Typtoft, the fourth as the first, the colours of 
all faded ; impaling gu., a cross moline, ar., Behe, quartering 
sa,, a cross ingrailed, or, supported by two angels.'^ 

*' And in the middle pane of the east window of the chancel 
of the old church at Dudley, Or, a lion ramp., queue fourchee, 
Dert, Sutton, impaling quarterly, first and fourth or, two lions 
pass., az. Somery ; second and third ar., a cross botone, az., 
baron Malpas." 

And in the hall window at Sawtrey, co. Huntingdon, 
there is the shield of Edward Sutton, Lord Dudley, 
K.G. 1509, died 1521-2, with the Somerie coat only 
" or, two lions passant, az"^ 

How the arms of Sutton, Baron Dudley, came to be 
placed in Buttington Church, is an interesting question 
which we reserve for future investigation. 

M. C. J. 

^ Nash's Worcestershire, vol. i, p. 361. 
2 Herald and Genealogist, vol. ii, p. 499. 
VOL. VI. I> 



34 



ARMOEIAL SHIELD IN BUTTINGTON CHURCH. 








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35 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIEE. 



1610. — Lewis Gwynn. 
Deputy^ Matthew Price. ^ 

Arms, 




Quarterly, 1 and 4, az., a lion passant ar. (Einion ab Cynvelyn, 
Lord of Manafon) ; 2, or, a lion ramp., az. (Cadwgan, Lord of 
Nannau) ; 3, or, a lion ramp., gu. (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Prince 
of Powys). 

Lewis Gwynn, Esq., of Llanidloes, was the son and 
heir of Morgan Gwynn, sheriff in 1582. He served as 
deputy sheriff to his father, during whose year of 
office he received the appointment of escheator of the 
county. He was mayor of Llanidloes each succeeding 
year between the 23rd and 33rd Eliz., and as "Lewis 
Gwynn de Llanydlos, gen.," was fifth on the grand 
jury at the assizes, 29 Eliz. 

7 James I, 1609, " Lodowicus Gwyn, ar.," appears 
on the sheriff's list of magistrates for the first time. 

^ Continued from vol. v, p. 496. 

2 " Mattheus Price, gen." (Peniarth list). He was the son-in- 
law of the sheriff. 

D 2 



36 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

By his wife Mallt, daughter of Lewis ap Howel ap 
leuan, and heiress to her brother John ap Lewis/ he 
had two daughters, co-heiresses : 

I. Catherine, married to Matthew Price of Park, 
second son of John Price of Newtown, sheriif in 1566, 
the deputy sheriff for this year. 

II. Lowry, who married, first, David Blayney ap 
Edward Blayney of Maesmawr, in the parish of Llan- 
dinam, one of the coroners for the county in 9 James I, 
1611 ; and secondly, Lloyd Piers of Maesmawr and 
Trowscoed, in the parish of Guilsfield, who inherited 
the estates of his mother Elizabeth, sole daughter and 
heiress of Griffith Lloyd of Maesmawr, sheriff in 1581. 
Lloyd Piers was sheriff in 1636 and 1650. 

A member of his family, Bichard Gwynn, on account 
of his firm adherence to the Boman Catholic faith, 
suffered a cruel martyrdom at Wrexham, 15th October, 
1584. A very interesting and detailed account of his 
trials and sufferings has been printed from a contem- 
porary manuscript that was found in the mission house 
of the Boman Catholic chapel at Holywell. 

w. y. ll. 

^ Lewjs Dwnn's Visitation^ vol. i, p. 311. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



37 



1611. — Rowland Owen. 

Deputy, Edward Pugh.^ 



Arms. (?) 




At., a cross flory, engrailed sa., inter four Cornish cTioiighs, ppr., 
on a chief, a boar's head couped of the field (leuan Caer Einion).^ 

EowLAND Owen, Esq., was probably of Llunllo, in 
the parish and hundred of Machynlleth. The identity 
of this sheriff is, however, involved in some uncertainty 
from the fact that there were two contemporary Row- 
land Owens of Machynlleth, but of totally distinct 
families. One was the second son of John ap Owen ap 
Howell Goch of the town of Machynlleth, descended 
from Cadwgan ap Elystan Glodrudd ; the other was 
the son of Owen ap John ap David, whose descendants 
were designated of Llunllo, in the hundred of Machyn- 
lleth, and were descended from leuan Caer Einion.^ 

The inquiry is of some interest, inasmuch as Owen, 

^ Edward Pugh was probably the second son of Rowland ap 
Richard Pugh of Dolycorslwyn (L. Dwnn, Visitation, vol. i, p. 271), 
and he who married Mary, daughter of Griffith Kyffin of Cae 
Coch {lUd., p. 296). 

2 The arms also borne by leuan Caer Einion were ar., a lion 
rampant, sa. The dijfference, a canton sa., was granted in 1582 to 
his descendant, Edward Owen, ancestor of the Woodhouse family. 

3 Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 321. 



38 SHERIFFS OF MOISITaOMERY SHIRE. 

the great-grandson of leuan Caer Einion, was the 
ancestor of several local families of influence. This 
Owen had three or more sons — David, ancestor of the 
Owens of Llunllo ; Howell, whose grandson, " Edward 
Owen, of Shrewsbury, gentilman," had a confirmation of 
arms and the grant of a crest from "Roberte Cooke, Esq., 
alias Clarencieulx, principall Hereald and King ol 
Armes," 8th December, 25 Eliz., 1582,^ and was the 
ancestor of the Owens of Woodhouse ; and Richard, 
who was the ancestor of the Owens of Condover. 

Reverting to our difiiculty, our local records style 
the Rowland Owens referred to, " of Machynlleth," no 
mention being made of "" Llonlloyth" or Llunllo as a 
distinct domicile until 1639, when we find " Thomas 
Owen of Llonlloyth, gen.," on a grand jury. There is, 
however, not the same difiiculty in distinguishing the 
fathers of the two Rowlands. The father of the Row- 
land Owen of the town family was John ap Owen. 
The father of Rowland Owen, the father of Thomas 
Owen of Llunllo, was Owen ap John, or " Owen Jones 
M'. of Arts," as he is styled in the Cedwyn MS.^ 

No more can be done beyond the endeavour to arrange 
under each of the houses such particular notices as our 
records afibrd of their respective members. 

In 28 EHz., 1586, the town family was represented 
by "Johes Owen Paroch. de Machynlleth, gen.," on 
the second jury of inquisition at the assizes of that 
year. 

In 35 EHz., 1593, Johes Owen de Machynlleth, 
gener., appears on a jury. In 36 Eliz., 1594, *' Johes 
Owen, gen'os," was mayor of Machynlleth. 

In 39 Eliz., 1597, Johes Owen de Machynlleth, ar., 
appears for the first time on the roll of county magis- 
trates ; and on the 44th Eliz., 1602, for the last time. 

1 See Appendix A. The following are the arms on his tomb, 
quarterly, 1, A, a lion rampant and canton, sa. (Owen) ; 2, A, a 
cross fleury between four martlets, sa., (Edwin, King of Tegingl). 
Owen and Blakeway's HisL of Shrewshurit, vol. ii, p. 232. 

2 Under « Machynlleth." 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 39 

In 1602, George Owen of Henllys, in Pembroke- 
shire, when giving an account of the mansions and 
alliances of the chief gentlemen of Montgomeryshire, 
mentions this John Owen, and '' Machynllaeth" as his 
mansion, but takes no notice of the Llunllo family.^ 
John Owen married Mallt, daughter of Richard ap 
Hugh ap Evan of Ehos y Garreg; their second son was 
Rowland Owen.^ 

The leuan Caer Einion, or Llunllo family, was very 
probably represented by " Owinus Johnes, gen'osus," 
Mayor of Machynlleth, in the 17th Eliz., 1575; by 
" Bowlandus Owen, gen., maior de Machynlleth," in 
the 39th Eliz., 1597; " Kowlandus Owen, ar., maior 
de Machynlleth," in the 4th James I, 1607 ; on the 
roll of magistrates, and Mayor of Machynlleth, in the 
7th James I, 1610 ; sheriff this year, 1611 ; and on the 
roll of magistrates to the 1st Charles I, 1625. By 
" Thomas Owen, gen," Mayor of Machynlleth, 20 James 
I, and certainly by " Thomas Owen of Llonlloth, gen.," 
on the county grand jury, 10th May, 15th Charles I, 
1639. Rowland Owen of the Llunllo family is styled 
Esquire,^ which the Rowland Owen of the town family 
is not. Moreover, the former married Elizabeth, the 
sister of Rowland Pugh of Mathavarn, sheriff in 1609. 
From the above it may be fairly inferred that the 
sheriff of this year was of the Llunllo family. 

W. V. Ll. 



APPENDIX A. 

Gonfirmation of Arms and Grant of Crest to Edward Owen. 

To all and singuler as well nobles as gentiles as others to 
whom theise preasentes shall come, Roberto Cooke Esquier 
alias Clarencieulx principall hereaald and King of Armes of 
the southe east and weast partes of this realme of England 
from the river of Trent southwardes, sendith greetinge in our 

1 See Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 346. 

2 Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. '^96. 
^ lUd., vol. i, pp. 296, 321. 



40 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Lord God everlastinge. Wheras aunciently from the begin- 
ninge the valiant and vertuous actes of worthie parsons have 
ben com ended unto the worlde with sondrye monuments and 
remembrances of their good deseartes, amongst the which the 
chiefest and most usuall hath ben the bearinge of signes in 
shields cauled armes, which are evident demonstrations of 
prowis and valoir diveresly distributed accordinge to the qual- 
lities and deseartes of the parsons, which order as it was most 
prudently devised in the beginninge to stirre and kindle the 
hartes of men to the imitacion of vertue and nobleness even so 
hath the same ben and yet is continuall3^e observed to th'end 
that such as have don comendable service to their prince or 
country either in warre or peace maye both receave due honor 
in their lives and alles deryve [ ? devise] the same successively 
to their posteritye after them, and being required of Edwaed 
Owen of Shrewsbery Grentilman, to make searche in the regis- 
ters and recordes of my office for such armes and creast as are 
unto him descended from his ancestors, whereuppon consider- 
ing his reasonable request I have made searche accordingly 
and do fynde the said Edward Owen to be the sonn of Richard 
Owen, the sonne of Howell Owen, the son of Owen : so that 
fyndinge the trewe and p'fecte discent I could not without 
his greate injury assigne unto him any other armes than these 
which are unto him descendid from auncestors — videlz* he 
beareth for Owen the fyeld silvery a lyon rampant sables, and 
for his difference a canton of the second, the lyon langued and 
inarmed azure. And for that I fynde noe creast unto the 
same as comonly to all auncient armes their belongeth non, 
I the said Clarencieulx Kinge of Armes by power and auc- 
toritie to me comitted by Ires pattente under the greate scale 
of England have assigned given and graunted unto his auncient 
armes, for a difference the canton sable aforesaid, and the creast 
hereafter following, videlz^ uppon the healme on a wreathe silver 
and sable, a spread eaglets head displayed gould, erased gules, 
manteled gules, dobled silver, as more plainly appereth de- 
picted in the margent. To have and houlde the said armes 
and creast to the said Edward Owen gentilman and to his pos- 
terity, and to the posterity of Richard Owen his father with 
their due difference, and he and they the same to use and en- 
joye for ever without impediment lett or interrupcon of any 
parson or parsons. In witness whereof I have sett hereunto 
my hand and seale of office, the eighte of Decamber A5 dom. 
1582, and in the 25th yeare of the reigne of our soueraigne 
lady Queue Elizabeth, etc. 

Signed, Rob'^. Cooke, alias Claren Cieulx, 

(L- S.) Roy D^armes. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



41 



[N. B. — Shield painted silver, which has turned black and 
dirty. Crest, a fat double headed eagle or, erased at shoulders 
gules, eyes red, also the lion ramp, sable, is armed azure.'] 

'^ A grant of a crest to the arms of Edward Owen of Shrews- 
bury, gent., A.D. 1582.-'^ 

Copied from the original parchment preserved at Wood- 
house, 15th May, 1869. 

Geo. Geazebeoob:. 

[This transcript made from the above copy, 1st April, 1870, 
by M. C. Jones.] 



1612. — Morris Owen. 



Deputy, Athelstan Owen.^ 

Arms. 




Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gu., a lion rampant regardant, or; 2nd and 
3rd, ar., three boar's heads couped, sa., langued gu.^ tusked or. 



Morris Owen, Esq., was of Ehiwsaeson, in the 
parish of Llanbrynmair, and the eldest son of our 
sheriff in 1 5 7 9, Eichard Morris of Ehiwsaeson.^ Morris 



1 " Athelystan Owens, gen." (Peniarth list). He was the eldest 
son of the sheriff. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew 
Herbert of Dolgiog. 

2 See Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 890. " Ed'rus (Edwardus) Owen de 
Bhusayson, gen.," second son of Eichard Morris and brother ot 
our sheriff, was eighth on the grand jury, the 4i0th Eliz. 



42 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Owen married Lucy, daughter of David Lloyd Blayney 
of Gregynog, sheriff in 1577, by whom he had 

I. Athelstan Owen, the deputy sheriff. 

II. Richard Owen, M.A. 

III. Rowland Owen. 

IV. Cadwalader Owen, who married .... daughter 
of John Lloyd of Dolvawr ap Evan Lloyd ap David 
Lloyd of Ceiswyn. 

V. Lewis Owen. vi. Hondle Owen. 

I. Ellen, who married William Price ap John Price 
of Peniarth. 

39 Eliz., 31 Oct., 1597. Moricius Owen, gen., was on 
the grand jury of inquisition at the county assizes 
held at Pool. As Moricius Owen, ar., a deposition 
was taken before him as a justice of the peace, " Apud 
Llanhrynmayre," 22nd June, 40th Eliz. ; and " Apud 
Rhywsaysson," 5th December, 42nd Eliz. He was Mayor 
of Machynlleth, 43rd and 44th Eliz., and as Maurice 
Owen de Rhywsaison, ar., foreman of the grand jury, 
18th August, 4th James I, 1606. 

His brother, "Ed'rus Owen de Rhusayson, gen." 
was second on the grand JTiry at the county assizes, 
44th Eliz. The latter married, ^rs^, Elen, daughter of 
Maurice ap Robert Wynne of Glynne ; and, secondly, 
Jane, daughter of John ap Howel ap Bedo ap Jenkyn. 

W. V. Ll. 



« 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



43 



1613.— Sir William Herbert, K.C.B.^ 
Deputy, Lewis Reignolds.^ 



Arms. 




Party per pale, az. and gu.^ three lions ramp., or. 

Sir William Herbert was the eldest son of Sir 
Edward Herbert, Knt., of Powis Castle. Sir William 
was made a Knight of the Bath at the coronation of 
King James I, and by his son. King Charles I, was 
created, on the 2nd April, 1629, Baron Powis. His 
wife Eleanor was the third daughter of Henry Percy, 
eighth Earl of Northumberland. On the 25th March, 
1628, James, Earl of Carlisle, instructed^ Attorney- 
General Heath " to prepare a grant to create Sir Wil- 
liam Herbert, K.B., Lord Herbert of Powis, co. Mont- 
gomery, with this special provision, that the Lady 
Elinor, daughter of Henry, late Earl of Northumber- 
land (now wife of the said Sir William), lose not the 
precedency which she hath as an Earl's daughter." 

The interesting details of the family succession, alli- 
ances, official life, and career of the ennobled branch 
of the Herbert family having already been presented to 

1 "William Herbert, D'nus Powissie, miles" (Peniarth list). 

2 " Ludovic Reignolds, gen." (Peniarth list.) 

^ Domestic Calendar of State Facers, 1628, p. 220. 



44 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

our readers in the able biograpliical treatise, the " Her- 
bertiana,"^ little of interest remains to be recorded be- 
yond the few notices our records afford of Lord Powis's 
official functions as sheriff and a county magistrate. 

In the 36 Eliz., 1594, we have seen^ that his mother, 
" Dame Marie Herberte, wief to Sir Edward Herbert e, 
Knight ;" his brothers, George and John Herbert ; his 
sisters, Anne and Joyce, with several sympathising 
members of local families, were presented before the 
grand jury of the county by William Morgan, Bishop 
of St. Asaph, and the vicar and churchwardens of Pool, 
for recusancy, or a covert profession of the Roman 
Catholic faith. 

In the 7th James I, 1609, on the roll of magistrates, 
are "William Herbert, miles," and his younger bro- 
ther, " Johannis Herbert, ar." The latter, knighted 
about the 19th James I, 1621, was steward of Powys, 
the 3rd James I, 1605, to his mother, " D'ne Marie 
Herbert, vid.," and subsequently to his brother, Wil- 
liam, Lord Powis. A grant^ of the crown lands in the 
county of Montgomery, on lease for twenty-one years, 
was made to " Lady Maria Herbert, widowe," at a 
rent of £197 25. 5d. The ministers' accounts of the 
13-14 James I, 1616, show that these same crown in- 
terests, in Montgomery, Kerry, and Kedewen, for- 
merly the possessions of the Earl of March, were farmed 
by Sir WiUiam Herbert, Knt." 

From the following entry on the sheriff's file of the 
7th James I, it appears that William, Earl of Pem- 
broke, was either the guardian of Sir William Her- 
bert, or had some conjoined interest in the lordship 
of Powys. " Joh'es Herbert, ar., senescallus, Will'mo 
Comit. Pembroke et Willi'mo Herbert, milit., d'mi sui 
de Powys." 

In the 9th James I, 1611, ''Dame Mary Herbert, 
widow," still clinging tenaciously to the faith of her 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. V. 

2 Ibid.f " Miscellanea Historica," vol. iv, p. 264. 

3 Ihid., vol. iv, p. 290. * Ibid., vol. ii, p. 204. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



45 



youth and advanced age, again received the attention 
of, and was presented for recusancy by '* us, William 
Greene, John Brasier, wardens of the said p'she of 
Poole." There is an autograph letter at the Eecord 
office, dated the 28th June, 11 James I, addressed to 
Sir Eichard Lewknor, Knt., and Henry Townshend, 
Knt., Chief Justices of Chester, by *' William Herbert, 
Knight, Shirief." 

Sir Percy Herbert seems, from the following, to 
have succeeded to the lordship of Powis before his 
father, William, Lord Powis's death, which we know 
did not take place until 1655. 

20 James I, 1622, "Joh'es Herbert, miles, capital, 
senescallus, Percei Herbert, miles, et Baronett. D'ni 
sui de Powys." 

At the Assizes held at Montgomery, the 28th Oct., 
9 Charles I, 1633, " Willi'mus D ns Powis" appears on 
the roll of magistrates. 

W. V. Ll. 



1614. — Edward Price.^ 
Deputy, Adam Price.^ 



Arms. 




Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gu., a lion rampant regardant, or ; 2nd and 
3rd, ar., three boar's heads couped sa., langued gu.^ tusked or. 

1 " Ed'rus Price de Kerry, ar." (Peniarfch list.) 

2 " Adamus Price, gen." (Peniarth list.) He was a son of the 
sheriflf. 



46 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Edward Price, Esq., of Glanmelieli, in the parisK of 
Kerry, was a cadet of the house of Price of Newtown,^ 
and fourth in descent from Rhys ap David Lloyd of 
Newtown, who fell, in 1469, on the field of Danesmore 
near Banbury. His family, through an alliance with 
the Mortimers of Wigmore, Earls of March, were stew- 
ards of their lordships of Montgomery, Kerry, and 
Cedewain, for several generations. 

Elinor, the daughter of Sir Boger Mortimer of Wig- 
more, married Higyn ap Ll'n ap Griffith ap Higyn, 
steward of the aforesaid lordships, whose daughter and 
sole heir, Jane, married " Meredith ap Adda Moel, 
Esq'r., steward of Kerry, Kedewen, Arwystli, and 
Cyveiliock." Jane, their daughter and coheir, married 
Howell ap David Bowdler, alias Gethin, of Brompton, 
an adherent of Owen Glyndower.^ Howell Gethin's 
daughter Janet married Meredith of Glanmeheli (ap 
Rhys ap David Lloyd of Newtown), who, according to 
Lewys Dwnn, was " Esqr. of the body to K. Henry 
VII, steward of Kerry, Kedewen, Arwystli, Kyveiliok, 
and high constable of Montgomery Castle." His father, 
Rhys ap David Lloyd, had held the same office of trust 
under Edward IV. In consequence of these and other 
alliances of the family, our great herald assigns to 
Richard ap John ap Meredith, our sheriff's father, the 
following quarterings. " 1, Ethelstan's (Glodrydd) 
coate ; 2, Llewelyn ap Madock Vaughan's coate ; 3, 
Adda ap Meyrick's coate ; 4, Neuadd- wen's coate ; 5, 
Meredith ap Adda Moel's coate ; and 6, Mortimer's 
coate.'' 

Meredith ap Rhys of Glanmeheli, by his wife Janet, 
had 

John ap Meredith of Glanmeheli. He was not impro- 
bably the John ap Meredith who is said to have been 
attainted, and whose lands in the lordship of Kerry 

1 See " Elystan Glodrudd Genealogical Kej Chart," Mont. Colt, 
vol. ii, p. 398. 

3 Lewys Dwnn's Visitation of WaleSj vol. i, pp. 315, 316 ; and 
Mont. Coll.j vol. iv, p. 328, et seq. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 47 

were granted, the 2nd March, 12th Eliz., 1570, to 
Richard Broughton, a member of the Council of the 
Marches of Wales. ^ He married Golen, the daughter 
of John Gough ap David ap Griffith Lloyd of Llanw- 
nog, descended from Aleth, King of Dyved,^ by whom 
he had 

EiCHARD ap John ap Meredith of Glanmeheli, whose 
elder brother was probably Edward ap John ap Mere- 
dith. The latter appears on our county grand juries 
from the 3rd Eliz. to the 27th Eliz., in which latter 
year he was third on the grand jury, and designated 
" de Llanlligan, gen." 

Meredith of Llandinam was also a son of John ap 
Meredith. " Meredith ap John ap Meredith, gen.," 
was seventh on the grand jury at the assizes, the 7th 
April, 34 Henry VIII, 1543, as "M'dd ap John ap 
M'dd, gent.," on the 17th July, 1543, and as "M'edd 
John, gent., mayor of Llanidloes, the l7th Eliz., 1574. 
By his wife Elen, daughter of Rhys ap Thomas ap 
Rhys ap Howel Sais, he had 

I. " David Lloyd ap M'dd, gen., maior de Llanid- 
los," on the sheriff's roll of the grand assize held at 
Pool, the 16th Feb., 21st Eliz. He was also coroner 
with Oliver Lloyd Yaughan, the 39th Eliz. He mar- 
ried Gwenllian, daughter of David Lloyd Blayney of 
Gregynog, sheriff in 1577 and 1585, by whom he had 
a son, Rowland. 

II. John ap Meredith. 

I. Jane, who married David ap Rhys ap Maurice ap 
Llewelyn of Llangurig. 

II. Margaret, who married John Gwynn, M.A., ap 
Owen Gwynn of Llanidloes. William, Earl of Pem- 
broke, gave him the recordership of the crown lord- 
ships in Montgomeryshire, and obtained for him the 
life appointment of county surveyor for several adjoin- 
ing counties. In one of the Earl's grants he is styled 
** John Gwynn of Llanydlos, gentilman."" 



»s 



1 Mont Coll., vol. iii, p. 148. ^ Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 282. 
3 Mont. Coll., vol. V, p. 396-7. 



L 



48 SHEEIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Jolin ap Meredith ap Ehys David Lloyd's daughters 
were 

I. Gwenllian/ who married Bees ap Morris ap Owen 
of Aberbechan, our sheriff in 1565. 

II. Mallt/ who married David Lloyd of Hope, ap 
Eobert Lloyd of Nantcribba, ap David Lloyd Vaughan 
of Marrington. 

III. Jane, who married William Herbert of Park, 
sheriff in 1547, third son, by his first marriage, of Sir 
Richard Herbert of Montgomery. 

KiCHARD AP John ap Meredith of Glanmeheli was 
frequently on our county grand juries from the 16th to 
the 29th Eliz. He married " Elizabeth, ye younger 
daughter of Sir Bich'd Herbert, K't, son to Sir Eich'd 
Herbert, K't, descended, of Colebrook/'^ by whom he 
had 

I. Edward Price, our sheriff. 

II. James Price, iii. John Price, iv. Charles Price. 
V. Thomas Price, vi. Kichard Price. 

I. Margaret, ii. Mary. 

The above descent was " testified by Rich'd Jno. 
Meredith and Edward Price,^ vi. die Junii Anno E-.R. 
Elizabeth xxviii. Anno Domini 1586.^ 

Edward Price of Glanmeheli, our sheriff, is pro- 
bably identical with " Edwardus Price de Kerry, gen.," 
foreman of the second jury of inquisition of the county 
the 34th EHz., 1592^ and with "Edwardus Price de 
Kerry, ar," second on the grand jury, the 38th Eliz., 
1596. His first appearance on the roll of magistrates 
was in the 7th James I., 1610. Edward Price, by 
his first wife Catherine, the daughter of Adam Luter, 
had 

I. Adam Price, of Glanmeheli, his deputy sheriff. 

^ Mont, Coll., vol. iii, pp. 393-6 ; and Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, 
vol. i, p. 283. 

2 Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. 276. 

3 Ibid., pp. 312-15. 

^ Either Edward ap John ap Meredith, alias Price, his brother, 
or Edward Price, his son. 

5 Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 316. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



49 



II. John Price, who died l7th December, 1634,^ and 
a daughter, Elizabeth. 

He married, secondly, Mary, daughter of Eobert 
Hughes ap Hugh Trevor of Wrexham. 

Adam Price of Glanmeheli, his son and heir, 
married Susanna, sister^ and heir of David Powel of 
Weston. After his decease she married Evan Glynn 
of Glynn, sheriff in 1628. Adam Price's son by Susanna 
Powel was 

Richard Price of Glanmeheli, who married the 
daughter of Evan Glynn, who had married Susanna, 
his father's widow. ^ His descendants will be found 
among our sheriffs of a later period. 

W. V. Ll. 



1615. — Edward Price.- 

Deputy, Francis Thomas.^ 



Arms. 




Quarterly, 1st and 4tL, gu., a lion rampant reguardant or ; 2nd and 
3rd, ar., three boar's heads couped sa., langued gu., tusked or. 



^ Cedwijn MS.j under " Glanmeheli in Kerry." 
2 Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 331. 
^ Cedwyn MS., under Glanmeheli. 
* " Ed'rus Price de Nova Villa, ar." (Peniarth list.) 
5 " Fran'cus Thomas, gen." (Peniarth list.) 
VOL. VI. E 



50 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

The recognisances of this year's sheriff are filed at 
the Record Office as those of Edward Price, Esq., of 
Newtown, and clearly distinguish him from his kinsmen 
and contemporaries, Edward Price of Glanmeheli, and 
Edward Price of Vaynor/ He had, in 1586, served as 
deputy sheriff to his father, John Price of Newtown. 
He as Edwardus Price, with Joh'es Hugh ap. Morys, 
gen'osi., served the office of bailiff of Newtown in the 
36th Eliz., 1594. As his father John Price de Nova- 
villa, ar., appears for the last time on the list of county 
magistrates, the 41st Eliz., 1598, it may be presumed 
that it was our sheriff, whose visit to Shrewsbury is 
recorded in the bailiffs accounts of that place in 1601. 
" Bestowed on Mr. Price, of the New Towne, and other 
gentlemen of worshipe having occasions with Mr. 
Bailiffs in the Bothehall, a potell of Muscadell and three 
fine cakes, 2s. 6d." Edwardus Price de Newtowne, ar. 
appears for the first time as a magistrate on the roll 
7th James I. He married Juliana, daughter of John 
Owen Yaughan of Llwydiarth, sheriff in 1583, by whom 
he had 

Sir John Price of Newtown, created a baronet 1 5th 
August, 1628. He married Catherine, the relict of 
James Stedman of Strataflorida, and daughter of Sir 
Richard Price of Gogerddan, by whom he had 

Sir Matthew Price, of Newtown, Bart., sheriff in 
1659. 

w. y. ll. 

^ See Elystan Glodrndd Key Chart to Sheriff's famih'es of his 
tribe, and a notice of the Newtown family under Matthew Price, 
our sheriff's grandfather (Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 398). 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



51 



1616. — EicHARD Lloyd of Harrington. 

Deputy, Thomas Morris.^ 



Arms. 




1. Sa., three nag's heads erased (2 and 1), ar. (Lloyd.) 

2. 6?., a grifiBn segreant, or (Llowden). 

3. /S., a chevron between three owls, ar. (Broughton.) 

4. (t., three snakes no wed in a triangular knot, ar. (Ednywain 
ap Bradwen.) 

5. Ar.., on a bend vert, three wolfs heads erased of the field 
(Ririd Middleton, descended from Ririd Flaidd, Lord of Penllyn). 

6. Vert, a chevron between three wolf's heads erased, ar. (Ririd 
Flaidd i. 6. Wolf.) 

7. G., on a bend or, three lions passant sa. (Sir Alexander Mid- 
dleton, and Middleton of Middleton, parish of Chirbury.) 

8. Ar., two Cornish choughs in pale, proper. (De Boulers or 
Bowdler). 

Meritune, or Marrington, for six generations the 
patrimony of the Lloyds, our sheriff's family, was a 
distinct manor in Witentreu (Chirbury) Hundred, at the 
time of the great survey recorded in Doomsday Book. 
It was one of those which Robert Fitz-Corbet held of 
the Norman Earl of Shrewsbury, Roger de Mont- 

^ " Thomas Morris, gen." (Peniarth list), was of Llandinam, and 
married Audry, daughter of Roger Lloyd of Talgarth, ap Humphrey 
Lloyd of Leighton, our first sheriff (Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 303). 

E 2 



52 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

gomery. Eobert Fitz-Corbet left two daughters co- 
heirs, one of whom, Sibil, by marriage with Herbert, 
the Chamberlain of King Henry I., conveyed her in- 
terest in her fathers barony to her issue, the Fitz- 
Herberts, who thus became seigneural lords of Har- 
rington.^ 

The tenants of this manor, holding it by one third 
of a knight's fee, were members of the Norman family 
of De Buthlers, De Boulers, or Bowdler,*^ descended 
from the ancient feudal lords of the Honor and Chatel- 
lany of Montgomery.^ 

It is not improbable that the common ancestor of this 
family of De Boulers was a companion of the Conqueror, 
a faithful adherent of his son, King Henry I., and a 
kinsman of Earl Eoger de Montgomery, the first 
Norman Earl of Shrewsbury. Ordericus, the historian 
of his time, and the eldest son of Odelerius, chief 
councillor of Earl Boger, was born, as he informs us, 
on the 16th February, 1075, nine years after the con- 
quest of England, and was baptized at Atcham, near 
Shrewsbury. At the age of eleven he entered the 
monastery of St. Ebrulf of Uticum, about ten miles 
from Oximin (now Hiemes, near Falaise), the caput of 
Boger de Montgomery's Yiscomte in Normandy. In 
this peaceful seclusion he wrote the history of national 
events down to the capture of King Stephen in February, 
1141. 

Bobert de Belesme, the son of Earl Boger de Mont- 
gomery, succeeded his brother, Hugh de Montgomery, 
as third Norman Earl of Shrewsbury. Not content 
with an authority and domain of already princely pro- 
portions, his arbitrary rapacity prompted, and his court 
interest facilitated, his easy appropriation of the castles 
and lands of his less powerful neighbours and kinsmen. 

^ Eyton's Antiquities of Shropshire, vol. vii, p. 146, et seq. 

2 This surname had no settled orthography, and when treating 
of the same individual our records give it in a variety of forms, 
i. e., as de Boulers, de Boilers, de Bolleres, de Builliers, de Buthlers, 
de Buthley, de Bowdlers, and in more modern times, Bowdler. 

^ Eyton's Ant. of Shrojpshire, vol. xi, p. 92. 



I 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



53 



Ordericus tells us that, in 1098, he obtained from 
William Eufus " Blida and all the lands of his kinsman 
Boger de Buthley." 

The disputed succession to the throne of England, 
and the consequent family strife that ensued between 
the rival aspirants, Henry I. and his elder brother, 
Robert Curthose, divided the allegiance of the great 
feudatories. De Belesme unfortunately joined the con- 
federation against Henry I. and suffered accordingly. 

After seizing his castle of Arundel, " the king, a.d. 
1102, marched to Blida Castle, which, having formerly 
belonged to the ejected Roger de Buthley, opened its 
gates on the approach of the Royal army."^ With this 
favourable turn to the Royal fortunes, it was quite in 
accordance wdth a sense of gratitude that the well- 
timed services of Roger de Buthley and his family 
should meet with suitable honours and rewards. 

Recorded events of the period make no further men- 
tion of Roger de Buthley. He not improbably died on 
the field of battle, fighting against his supplanter, 
Robert de Belesme ; but they do most distinctly and 
appositely of Baldwyn de Bulers or de Boilers, as the 
recipient of Royal favours, apparently as a reward for 
marked personal attachment to King Henry I. "It is 
certain," says Mr. Eyton, " that on the fall of Robert 
de Belesme, in 1102, King Henry I. having the chatel- 
lany of Montgomery as an escheat, augmented it largely 
with distant estates, and granted it to Baldwyn de 
Boulers in marriage with Sibil de Falaise, his niece. "^ 
Proximate members of the Honor of Montgomery 
were, amongst many others, Hope Bowdler and Ash- 
ford Bowdler, and one of its more distant acquisitions 

1 " Blidam quoque totam que terrain Eogeri de Buthleio cognati 
sui jure repetiit et a Rege grandi pondere argenti comparavit." 
Orderici Vitalis Uticensis Monachi Ecclesiasticce Liber aj, p. 768, 
Normaiiici 8criptores of du Ches7ie, sub anno 1098. 

2 " Unde Rex ad Blidam castrumquod Rogeri de ButWeio quon- 
dam fuerat exercitam promovat." Ordericus^ lib. xi, p. 806, sub 
anno 1102. 

8 Eyton's Antiquities of Shropshire, vol. xi, p. 120. 



54 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

was the rich manor of Badmunsfield, in Suffolk, of 
which it is stated : " Henricus Eex primus dedit maner- 
ium de Badmundlfeld Baldwino de Bulers in libero mari- 
tagio cum Sibilla de Faleisse "^ 

The blood relationship between Roger de Buthley, 
Lord of Blida, and Baldwyn de Bulers, first Norman 
Lord of Montgomery, may be inferred from the identity 
of name f from the fact that the Honor of Montgomery, 
given in dower by King Henry I. with his niece Sibil 
de Falaise, formed part of the escheated territory of 
Bobert de Belesme, the supplanter of Roger de Buthley, 
Lord of Blida; and that the year 1102 witnessed the 
concurrence of the following associated events : the re- 
capture of Roger's castle of Blida, the fall of his enemy 
Robert de Belesme, the royal alliance of Baldwyn de 
Bulers, and the latter's acquisition of De Belesme's 
lordship of Montgomery. 

Following Mr. Eyton in his history of the De Boulers, 
Barons of Montgomery,^ we gather that Baldwyn de 
Boulers held the Honor of Montgomery for life ; that 
he gave the Welsh interpretation of his name, " Tre 

1 46 Willielmus de Cantelupe defunctus. Extinta terrarum, Suf- 
folc' Vide aO 39 Henry III, ^o. 38, et Excerpta e Rot. Fin., IT, 
100, 113, 195, 209, quoted in Roberts's Galend. Genealogiciim, and 
Eyton's Ant. of Shropshire, vol. xi, p. 146. 

2 Although Baldwyn de Bulers witnesses Henry I's charter to 
Shrewsbury Abbey as " Baldwin de Boilers," the identity of the 
family surname with that of Roger de Buthley, Lord of Blida, is 
thus shown. Stephen, son of Baldwyn de Bulers and Sybilla de 
Falaise, and his successor as Lord of Montgomery, is styled, circa 
1160, " Stephen de Buthlers'' (Eyton's Ant. of Shropshire, vol. vii, 
p. 389), " Stephen de Boilers" (ibid., vol. xi, p. 58), and " Stephen 
de Buler" (ibid., p. 160). His son Robert, the founder of Chirbury 
Priory, is styled " Robert de Buthlers, Lord of Montgomery" (ibid., 
vol. xi, p. 58), de Buslers, de Boilliers, de Bodliers, de Bullers, de 
Bouleres, de Budlers (ibid., pp. 122-3). Baldwyn, his brother, and 
the succeeding Lord of Montgomery, is styled Baldwin de Buthlers 
(p. 58), de Boilers, de Bullers, de Bodliers, etc.; and these arbi- 
trary variations in orthography occur throughout the family suc- 
cession. 

3 Eyton's Antiquities of Shropshire, "Barony of de Boilers," 
vol. xi, pp. 117-147. ^ ^ ' J' 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHEEE. 55 

Yaldwyn/'^ to the town lying under the walls of the 
great border stronghold, to which the builder, the great 
Earl Roger, had abeady assigned his family name of 
*' Montgomery." 

In the year 1121 he, as " Baldwin de Boilers," affixed 
his signature and attestation to Henry I's great charter 
to Shrewsbury Abbey.^ After the death of Sibil, 
Baldwyn married a second wife, by whom he had sons 
and daughters. His son and heir by Sibil de Falaise 
was 

Stephen de Boulers, Lord of Montgomery.^ He, 
as "Stephen de Buthlers," greets (circa 1155) Walter 
Durdent, Bishop of Chester, and advises him that he 
has given Stallington for the souls of his father and 
mother, and for the health of himself and wife, in the 
church of Stone, which Stallington was of his fee. 
Witnesses : Maria, Stephen's wife ; Robert, his son ; 
Philip de Buthlers ; Leonius de Buthlers ; Ernulf, 
nephew (nepos) of Baldwin de Buthlers.^ " Stephen 
de Boilers," as a former Lord of Montgomery, had 
granted to the ancestor of John Fitz Bichard, of 
Chirbury, living in 1255, half a virgate there. His 
son 

Sir Robert de Boulers, Knt, Lord of Montgomery, 
was amerced forty marks for forest trespass by Henry 
II, as appears by the Shropshire Pipe rolls. He held 
large possessions in Shropshire, Suffolk, Wiltshire, York- 
shire, Lincolnshire, Staffordshire, and was seigneural 

1 Baldwyn's Town. " I should observe,' 'says Mr. Eyton, " that 
the Welsh called the town of Montgomery Tre-Valdwin. This 
was from Baldwin de Boilers (who lived in the time of Henry I, 
and was Lord of Montgomery) ; not, as Mr. Blakeway suggests 
(Hist, of Shrewsbury, vol. i, p. 41), from any Baldwin of the family 
of Hodnet" {Arit. of Shropshire, vol. vii, p. 7, n. 5). 

2 Ihid., vol. xi, p. 121 ; Salop Chartulary, No. 35. 

3 Stephen de Boilers, as Lord of Montgomery, had enfeoffed the 
ancestor of William de Hockleton (living in 1255) in half a virgate 
of land in the manor of Chirbury, which was^ included in the 
latter's service for Hockleton (Eyton, vol. xi, p. 160). 

* Cottonian MSS.; Yespas, E. xxiv, fo. 9; Eyton's Ant. of 
Shropshire^ vol. vii, p. 389. 



56 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

lord of Hope Bowdler, Asliford Bowdler, Wilderley, 
Chelmick, and other places in, and on the borders of, 
Shropshire in the year 1176. 

" Robert de Bodliers " was assessed in Shropshire for 
two scutages of Normandy in 1195 and 1197. In 1201 
and 1202, "Robert de Bouleres'' paid scutage on three 
Shropshire fees, to the second and third scutages of 
King John. His contemporary assessments in York- 
shire and Lincolnshire were for estates acquired with 
his wife, Hillaria Trusbut. Her munificent charters to 
Lilleshall Abbey are still extant. " Robert de BuUers " 
was also munificent in his ecclesiastical endowments. 
He bequeathed Rowton to Shrewsbury Abbey, and 
Pulton in Wiltshire, a member of his Honor of Mont- 
gomery, to Lilleshall Abbey. '^^ 

Towards the close of the twelfth century he, as 
" Robert de Buthlers," Lord of Montgomery, founded 
the Priory of Chirbury,^ the advowson of which con- 
stituted the richest part of its endowment. It appears 
by an inspeximus of the 11th Henry III, that he gave 
to it the church of Chirbury, with the lands all along 
the road usque Maerbroc.^ " The ancient parish of 
Chirbury was indeed enormous. With the exception 
of Worthin, it probably included the whole of the 
Doomsday Hundred of Witentreu or Chirbury. Thus, 
not only Churchstoke, but the various churches and 
chapels which have at any time been founded at Mont- 
gomery, Snead, Forden, and Hyssington, were origin- 
ally affiliations of the Church of St. Michael at Chir- 
bury. This great advowson was part of the endow- 
ment which Robert de Buthlers bestowed on Chirbury 
Priory."* Before Michaelmas 1203, this potent Lord 
of Montgomery died, and was buried in Lilleshall 
Abbey. He was succeeded in the Chatellany and Ho- 
nor of Montgomery by his brother, 

^ Eyton's Antiquities of Shropshire, vol. xi, pp. 122-3. 

^ He had previously established a priory at Snead (Monasticon, 
vol. vi, p. 580). 

^ Cart. 11 Henry III, p. 2, m. 2 ; Duke's Ant. of Shropshire, p. 
124. 4 Eyton's Ant. of Shropshire, vol. xi, pp. QAi-b. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



57 



Baldwyn de Boulers, who died without issue, and 
with him expired the elder male line of De Boulers.^ 
His barony of Montgomery became consequently es- 
cheated to the crown. '' What the King retained as 
an escheat, and as subject to no hereditary claims, was 
the Chatellany, i.e., the Castle, Manor, and immediate 
dependencies of Montgomery, including the Seigneury 
of Chirbury Hundred, and the services due from many 
manors therein. The Honour, or that part of the es- 
cheated barony of Montgomery which consisted of 
many manors in Shropshire and other counties, was 
suffered by the Crown to go to the collateral heirs of 
De Boilers, according to the weight of their claims."^ 

This Robert de Boulers, his brother Baldwyn, and 
others, witness an ancient deed, without date, relating 
to Marrington under its Welsh synonym, the " Havod- 
wen,"^ or " white summer house.'' The late Mr.. Joseph 
Morris saw this deed at Attingham Hall ; and an 
epitome of its contents is thus given by the herald, 
Lewys Dwnn, in his Visitation of Wales.^ 

" Rob't Ll'n of Mountgomery and Maud his wife gave the 
Havodwen to Eleanor vrch Goodrids of Hockleton, and after 
her decease to Margery her daughter and heires, who married 
W^m of Marrington, and to their issue for ever. Witnesses 
to ye sameRob't Lord Bowdler, Baldwyn his brother, Hadon 
of iladon, Adam of Pontesbury, Roger de Bowdler, Roger de 
Say, and others.^^ 

An approximate date can without difficulty be as- 
signed to this ancient grant, for the witnesses were the 
Lord of Montgomery and his feudal retainers living at 
the close of the twelfth century. 

Sir (Dominus) Robert de Boulers died in 1202-3.' His 
brother, Baldwyn, died Lord of Montgomery before 

1 Eyton, vol. xi, p. 126. ^ Ihid., vol. xi, p. 145. 

3 Probably identical with Allport, or that part of the Marrington 
estate lying over the Montgomeryshire border, in the township of 
Rishton. 

* Edited by Sir Samael Meyrick, vol. i, p. 277. 

5 Eyton's Ant. of 8hroj)shire, vol. xi, p. 123. 



58 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

1207.^ "Hadon of Hadon' was probably Eyton of 
Eyton near Alberbury, which he held of the Honor of 
Montgomery.^ "Adam of Pontesbury" was living in 
1210.'^ "Roger de Bowdler," or de Boulers, between 
1203 and 1209, attests a grant of lands to Lilleshall 
Abbey, made by Hillaria Trusbut, widow of Sir 
Robert de Boulers/ " Roger de Say" had a mesne in- 
terest in Hope Bowdler in 1201-2, where he was a 
tenant of Robert de Boulers, Lord of Montgomery.^ 

Our immediate purpose is to trace the members of 
the " De Boulers" or " Bowdler" family, lineally de- 
scended from the Norman lords of Montgomery, and of 
the blood of Sibil de Falaise, who continued feudal 
tenants of the Crown in the escheated portion of the 
Barony, and were settled as early as the close of the 
twelfth century in Aston, Rishton, Brompton, Wins- 
bury, Marrington, Rorrington, Chirbury, Ackley, and 
other places in the immediate vicinity of the Castle of 
Montgomery. 

" Robert de Boulers, Lord of Montgomery (who died 
in 1203), gave the whole vill of Aston Kelmund (Upper 
and Lower Aston) to his son William."^ 

William de Boulers (i), son of Sir Robert de Boulers, 
Knt., Lord of Montgomery, either sold or mortgaged 
Aston to Giles, Bishop of Hereford, between 1200 and 
1216. Aston was eventually seized by King Henry 
Ill's Bailiffs of Montgomery, as a part of the Honor 
of Montgomery committed to their keeping.^ He held 
Rishton (containing part of the Marrington estate), 
Brompton, and Ackley as the Kings tenant. A writ 
close of 29th August, 1226, tells us that he had en- 
feoffed his brother Engeram in lands there. He was 
deceased in 11 Henry III, 1226-7, when the estate was 
in the King's hand.® 

William de Boulers (ii), of Rishton, Brompton, 

^ Eyton's Ant. of Shrojpshire, vol. xi, p. 126. 
2 Ihid., p. 79. 3 xii^^^ yol. vii, p. 184 

* Ihid., vol xi, p. 169. 5 Jjjici.^ vol. v, p. 115 ; vii, p. 173. 

^ Rot. Hundred, ii, 60, as quoted in Mr. Eyton's Ant. of Shrop- 
sMre, vol. xi, p. 155. 

7 Eyton, vol. xi, p. 155. 8 j^^l^ pp. 153^ 154^ 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMEEYSHIRE. 59 

Ackley, etc. On the Originalia roll of 1226-7 it is noted 
that William, son and heir of the deceased " William 
de Bouleres" (i), owed the King IOO5. for his relief of 
one fee in Acleid. 

On the 14th June, 1233, the King, then at Wor- 
cester, orders John le Strange, then constable of the 
castle of Montgomery, to give " custody of the castles 
of Mongomeri and of Sneth" to William de JBoeles. 
On July 11th, 1233, the King, being at Westminster, 
assigns the revenues of the borough of Montgomery to 
William de Boeles,^ as wherewith to support himself 
in custody of the " castles of Mongomeri and Sneth." 
And on September 23rd, 1233, by writ dated at 
Eversham, the King's mandate is issued to William de 
Boeles, constable of Montgomery, to receive Griffin, son 
of Wenuwen, and his people (gentem) into the town.^ 
He probably died before 1235, as at Michaelmas in 
that year John le Strange again appears in office as 
constable of Montgomery. He was succeeded by 

Baldwyn de Boulers, or Baldwyn Fitz William. 
In 1233 Baldwyn, Provost of Montgomery, and Kobert 
de Broy repaired the castle. A tower beyond the 
Castle well had also been repaired at the King's ex- 
pense, under the view of Bobert de Broy and Baldwin 
de Montgomery. In the pipe roll of 1237 the King is 
charged £37 135. for five wooden turrets made in the 
forest of Snead under the view of Baldwin Fitz William 
and Bobert de Broy. The same visors had repaired the 
walls of Montgomery at a cost of 3^ merks. 

30th May, 1251, twenty-four jurors sat at Mont- 
gomery on various matters. Of their number was 
Baldwin de Budlers, Stephen Fitz William, Walter his 
brother. 

" Baldwin de Montgomery, alias Baldwin Fitz Wil- 
liam," was a tenant both in Chelmick and Hope 
Bowdler. In a grant to Buildwas Abbey it states 
''quod ego Willielmus filius Willielmi de Chelmun- 
dewyk dedi, etc., cum corpore, dimidiam virgatam in 

1 Eyton's Ant. of Shrojpshire^ vol. xi, p. 138. 

2 Mont. Coll., vol. i, p. 22. 



60 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Hope (Bowdler) quam Baldwinus filius Willielmi de 
Mungomery tenuit."^ This deed probably passed about 
1245-1250. The Mnnslow Hundred Eoll of 1255 says 
that " Baldwin de Mungomeri holds Cheilmundewick 
(Chelmick) of Odo de Hodnet."^ 

Inquests of 1249, 1250, and 1251 are attended by 
''Baldwin Fitz William" ''Baldwin de Budlers" and 
"Baldwin de Montgomery." 

On September 18th, 1251, the King orders Guy de 
Eochfort and John le Strange to ascertain whether it 
would injure the Crown to allow "Baldwin de Mont- 
gomery" to turn the course of the Severn, so as to bring 
it to a mill, which he had obtained by grant of certain 
Welshmen. A charter of October the 5th, 1252, grants 
the required privilege to " Baldwin de Mungomery, the 
Kings Burgess" at an annual rent of half a merk. 

Baldwyn de Boulers married Christiana, the eldest 
daughter and co-heir of John de Mariton (Harrington). 
The latter died before 1240. 

In addition to any estate acquired with his wife, he 
possessed independent holdings in Harrington and 
Rorrington. Soon after 1256 commenced a lawsuit 
with reference to those estates, which was protracted 
to the time of Baldwyn de Bouler's death, circa 1272. 
By Christiana he had 

William de Boulers, or William Fitz Baldwin, his 
eldest son and heir, who occurs long before his father's 
death. " Among the Placita coram Rege of Hichaelmas 
Term, 1260, Sir Thomas Corbet, Baron of Caus, is 
found suing William de HocJcleton and William Fitz 
Baldwin for an attack on Boger Fitz Adam and other 
men of the Baron when passing through the land of 
Mungomery, towards Corbet's castle of Wyrehruch, and 
on Corbet's business. The Court had evidence that 
the defendants, who did not appear, lived at Chelmick^ 
and at Chirbury."* 

1 Eyton, voL xi, p. 351. 2 ij^ij,^^ p. 350. 3 jr?,^•7., p. 161. 

* It is probable," says Mr. Eyton, "that William, son of the 
above Baldwin de Montgomery, transferred his estate at Chelmick 
to Hugh de Wotherton, living from 1272 to 1285 (Eyton, vol. xi, 
p. 352). 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 61 

In 1272 he occurs on a Chirbury jury as "William 
Fitz Baldwyn" and as ''William de Bolers of Marrinor- 
ton" in 1286. July 1st, 1277, preparations being made 
by Edward I for the invasion of Wales, Sir Peter 
Corbet acknowledged the service of five fees as due 
from the Barony of Cans, and proposed to perform it by 
two knights (himself and Sir Robert Corbet) and six 
servientes, one of which was '' William de Boules."^ An 
inquest held at Pontesbury, 26th August, 1286, states 
that "William de Bolers,"a tenant of John Fitz Reginald 
at Harrington, owed certain appearances at his Suze- 
rain's Court of Pontesbury. 2 

He died about September, 1299, leaving a son and 
heir, William, aged twenty-six years on 1st August, 
1299, and a widow, Margaret. Besides his estates at 
Harrington and Rorrington, he had lands and tene- 
ments in Wynesbury, Stanlawe, and Brompton. The 
inquest, of 1299, on the death of this "William de 
Bolers", found him holding tenements in " Hariton" 
under John Fitz Reginald (his brother, Peter, was the 
reputed ancestor of the Herberts) by service of pro- 
viding one soldier in war time, at the moat of Poole,^ 
with a bow, two arrows, and a bolt (trivolo) for a night 
and day ; and by service of appearing thrice yearly at 
Pontesbury Hanor Court. He had also held certain 
tenements at Rorrington of the same John Fitz 
Reginald, but without any service rendered. 

In 1299 "William de Bowdlers" received the profits 
that accrued from the Court Baron of Pontesbury,^ and 
is stated to have been seized of an estate at Birrington 
(Beritune).^ 

1 Eyton's Ant. of Shropshire, vol. vii, p. 33. 

2 Inquis. 28 Edward I, JSTo. 33. 

3 "Ad motam de Pola." Mr. Eyton, in his Antiquities of Shrop- 
shire, vol. xi, p. 91, n. 2, makes the following remark. " This ser- 
vice is extraordinary. I know of nothing which, at the period, 
should make the services of Fitz Herbert's tenants returnable at 
Powis Castle. Afterwards, when several of Fitz Herbert's Shrop- 
shire Seigneuries were conveyed to the Barons Cherlton of Powis, 
the arrangement would have been more intelligible." 

* Duke's Ant. of Shropshire, p. 105. 

5 Duke's Ant. of Shropshire, p. 291, Esch. 28 Edward I, n. 29. 



62 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Margaret, the widow of this Wilham de Boulers, of 
Harrington, was doubtless the heiress of '^ the Havod- 
wen" named in the before-mentioned undated deed 
tested by *^ Robert Lord Bowdler" and others, and the 
daughter of *' Eleanor vrch (daughter of) Goodrids 
( ? the Goodrider or Knight) of Hockleton." 

We are told that " Margaret, daughter to Howell 
de Brompton, sonne of Sir Bobert ap Madoc of Overis 
(Overs, near Bishop's Castle), Knight of the Holy 
Sepulchre, married William Bowdler."^ That "Howel 
ap Sir Bobert ap Madoc ap Eynion ap Gwdrys maried 
Alner (Elinor), daughter of Sir — Goodrich, of Lydbury, 
who built Goodrich Tower in Bishop's Castle."^ 

It is needless to tell the student of genealogy that 
the early generations of many of our pedigrees are not 
always reliable ; and that their value chiefly consists 
in the general view or outline they present of family 
descents and alliances, which it is the province of the 
student of family history to verify or support by the 
evidence of authoritative contemporary records. Our 
investigation in this case will evolve several interesting 
particulars of local history ; and serve to establish the 
reputation of our local heralds. 

We will now notice what is reliable in the history of 
Howel de Brompton's family. His grandfather Madoc 
was tenant in capite of Overs, Broughton, and Home 
(near Bishop's Castle), Mucklewick, Middleton, Bromp- 
ton, and a feudatory of the Barony of Caus for Weston 
Madoc. He became a monk in or about the year 1200, 
and probably a crusader, as he is frequently styled 
" the good Knight," and " Knight of Bhodes.'^ He was 
succeeded by his son (Sir) Bobert ap Madoc, who 
proffered a fine of fifteen merks to King John for 
such hereditary rights as his father possessed when he 
put on the habit of religion.^ Of these inheritances 

1 " Visitation of Salop," Sari. MS., 1982, under " Bowdler of 
Hope Bowdler." 

2 Gedwyn MS., nnder Alston (Aston). 

^ See Mr. Eyton's Antiquities of Shropsliire, vol. xi, p. 85. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



63 



were Middleton, Brompton, and Weston Madoc. His 
brother Madoc de la Home succeeded to Broughton and 
Home. Margaret, the daughter and co-heiress of 
Griffith ap Jenkin, of Broughton, his descendant in 
the sixth degree, conveyed by marriage the Broughton 
estates to her husband, Sir Griffith Yaughan, Knt. 
Banneret.^ " At the Salop Assizes, of October, 1203, 
Robert fitz Madoc sat as a juror, and apparently a 
knight, in some principal causes.^' In 1209 he was surety 
for Bobert Corbet, Baron of Caus, for a forest trespass. 
He is said to have married " Joes, daughter of Peter (?) 
Corbet, Lord of Cawrse i"'' but she must have been, if 
any, a daughter or sister of this Robert Corbet, as 
Peter Corbet occurs at a much later period (1260, oh. 
1300) as Lord of Caus. In the early part of the year 
1224 several writs were passed in his favour. On 
October 4th, 1224, King Henry III orders Baldwin de 
Hodnet, Seneschal and Custos of Montgomery, to give 
" Robert fitz Madoc such seizin of Middeton and 
Bromton as he had when he set out to see Llewellyn 
on the King's affairs." On November 28th, 1224, 
Robert fitz Madoc being dead, the King, at the instance 
of Llew^ellyn, orders Godescal de Maghelins to deliver 
to the widow of the said Robert such portion of his 
lands and chattels as was customary in those parts, she 
having been nurse to the King's niece, Llewellyns 
daughter. On February 13th, 1225, the same func- 
tionary is ordered to take lawful men of the Honour of 
Montgomery and go to the late Robert fitz Madoc's 
estate at Weston, and, after assigning his widow her 
dower thereon, to deliver the residue up to Thomas 
Corbet (Lord of Caus from 1222 to 1274), of whose fee 
Weston was. Another precept of February 25th ex- 
tends the above order to any other lands of the de- 
ceased, besides Weston, the King repeating the grounds 
of his personal interest in the widow, viz., that she had 

1 Mr. Joseph Morris's MS. Visitations of Salop, " Lloyd of Mar- 
ton" and " Broughton of Broughton. 

2 Cedwy7h MS., under " Gwdrys," p. 79. 



64 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

nursed his niece."^ Sir Robert ap Madoc's sons were 
Owen ap Robert ap Madoc, of fnll age, 3rd April, 1225, 
and at least two others, Meurich fitz Robert, and the 
before-mentioned Howel fitz Robert, the father of 
Margaret de Boulers of Harrington, and the foster 
brother of Llewellyn's daughter. '' In or about the 
year 1242, Hoel de Brompton died seized of all Bromp- 
ton and all Weston. The former he had held of the 
King, by serjeantry, as of the Honour of Montgomery, 
and the latter he had held under Thomas Corbet."^ 
Certain tenements at Brompton, held of the Honor of 
Montgomery, had been settled by his brother, Owain 
de Brompton, conjointly on his niece Margaret, her 
husband, William de Boulers of Harrington,^ and their 
heirs. 

Contemporary with Howel de Brompton was Walter 
de Hockleton, probably the brother of his wife Alner, 
or Eleanor, and the son and heir of the " Goodrids of 
Hockleton '^ of the deed. This Walter de Hockleton 
had, in 1224, been disseized of his land by Godescall 
de Haghelines, Bailiff of Hontgomery, without any 
Royal precept. The King, by a writ close of March 
28th, orders it to be restored under replevin. " The 
Feodary of 1240 gives Walter de Hocketon as holding 
half a knight's fee in Hoketon, deVallo Hontisgomeri." 
A writ of June 8, 1250, announces the death of Walter 
de Hoketon. William de Hokleton, his son and heir, 
did homage at Westminster on October 22, 1250. The 
Hundred roll of 1255 states as follows: — "Hokeltun 
is half a hide. William de Hokeltun holds it, and a 
certain mill therein, and half a virgate in Chirbury 
Manor for half a knight's fee ; doing three weeks' 
guard at Montgomery Castle in war time, and doing 
suit to Chirbury Hundred throughout the year, and 
going to hunt thrice yearly with the Lords of Mont- 
gomery. As to this half virgate in Chirbury there is a 
distinct entry which Mr. Eyton says leads him to the 

^ Eyton's Ant. of Shropshire, vol. xi, pp. 85, 86. 
2 I6a,p. 150. 3 Ihid.,^.l7l. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



65 



rconclusion tliat William de Hokletun's ancestors had 
been enfeoffed a hundred years before. The entry is 
as follows : — " William de Hokeltun holds half a virgate 
in Chirbury Manor, of the gift of Stephen de Buler, 
and he holds it included in his service for Hokelton." 
Stephen de Boilers, Lord of Montgomery, it is known, 
lived in the reign of Stephen.^ This latter is the 
William de Hokleton who, in 1260, was implicated 
with William Fitz-Baldwin, his cousin Margaret's 
husband, in the attack on Sir Thomas Corbet's men, 
who were passing through the land of " Mungumery '' 
towards Corbet's castle of Wyrebruch.^ 

William de Boulers (ii.) son and heir of William 
Fitz-Baldwin and Margaret, was twenty-three years of 
age on the 1st August, 1299. He was deceased on 
October 1st, 1323, having held, amongst others, a mes- 
suage and forty acres of land, in Manton, under John 
de Cherlton by service of 55. rent. The annual value 
of the tenement was 10s. 6d.^ 

Egbert be Boulers, son and heir of the deceased, was 
twenty-one years of age on Nov. 1, 1323.^ 

'' 10 Edw. Ill, 1337, Robertus Budlers filius et haeres 
W'mi Budlers dat domino regi 2s. 6d. pro relievo suo 
de qui'busd. terris et tenements in Winisbirie et Chir- 
berie tenentis in capite ut de Castro de Montgomery.^" 
An aid roll of 1346 gives John, son of llobert de 
Boulers, as holding one-fortieth of a knight's fee in Wyn- 
nesbury.^ 

In 1346 "William de Boudlers" and certain capar- 
ceners held that eighth part of a knight's fee in 
Brompton which Meuric de Hope had once held.'' This 



^ Ey ton's Ant. of Shropshire, vol. xi, pp. 160-1. 

2 ikd., p. 161. Could this "Wyrebruch," or " Withy brook 
Castle," be identified with either " Simond's Castle," or the " Castle 
of Sneth" or Snead (see Eyton, vol. xi, p. 138), near the banks of 
the Camlad ? 

3 Inquis. 17 Edward II, No. 15. ^ Ibid. 

5 Vitellus C, 2 Cott., Lib. 

6 Eyton, Ant., vol. xi, p. 169. ' Ihid., p. 73. 
VOL. VI. F 



66 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

William seems to have been a brother, not a son, of 
Bobert de Boulers, and the father^ of 

Hugh de Boudlers, who on the death of John de 
Cherlton of Powis, in 1374, was found to be his tenant 
in respect of the whole Manor of Mary ton, which he 
held by service of one third part of a knight's fee. The 
estate was then worth six merks per annum} 

Thus far the authenticated historical details of the 
barony and family of De Boulers have been principally 
derived from Mr. Ey ton's exhaustive work, The Anti- 
quities of Shropshire. He says, in closing his account 
thereof with " Hugh de Boudlers," that the succession 
of the above branch of a numerous family is unusually 
clear. ^ Fortunately, for our purpose, Lewys Dwnn, the 
Deputy Herald for the Principality in 1586, and a 
Montgomeryshire man, gives us further particulars of 
the family of this Hugh de Boudlers, or "Hugh Bowdler," 
as he styles him, and of the devolution of the Manor of 
Marrington or the Havodwen through heirs female to 
the great-grandfather of our sheriff. 

He gives the following tabular descent from 

Hugh Bowdler^ 



William, Robert, Catherine =F Peter Middleton of 

o.s.jp. o.s.p. Bowdler. I Montgomery. 



Jolin Middleton TElen, vrch GriflSth Wyn. 



David Lloyd Vaughan ap David =f Margaret, sole heiress of John Middleton 
Lloyd ap Sir Griffith Vaughan. of Havodwen, 

and says, '' Hugh Bowdler had no more children but 
two sons and one daughter, and severall say that 
Griffith ap Howel ap David cannot derive himself from 

^ The original herald's visitations (for 1628) of Salop, now in 
the Shrewsbury School Library, as well as other pedigrees, concur 
in making Hugh de Boulers the son of William de Boulers, who is 
again the son of a William de Boulers, as above. 

2 Inquis. 48 Edward III, No. 19. Eyton's Ant., vol. xi, p. 92,. 

8 Vol. xi, p. 171. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 



^"7 



this Bowdler. It appeareth per Jno. Middleton's fFefF- 
ment from his Uncle and his Mother s Brother, yt she 
was sole heiress after his decease. The fFeoffers names 
were Thomas Corbet of Lee, Esq., and Phillip ap Jenkin, 
in the 1st year of Ed. the 4th,"' 1461. 

Catherine Bowdler having survived her two brothers, 
who died without issue, left the Harrington or Havod- 
wen estates to her only son, John Middleton.^ The 
latter was slain, 8 Edw. IV, 1468, on the fatal field of 
Danesmore, near Edgecote, in Northamptonshire, and 
three miles from Banbury, in Oxon, where Sir William 
Herl)ert, Earl of Pembroke, and his brother, Sir Richard 
Herbert, Knt., were taken prisoners, and afterwards 
beheaded. Margaret was his only child and heiress, 
and was doubtless very young at the time of his death, 
for twenty-one years after, in the 5th Henry YII, 1489, 
her claim to the Harrington estates was still being 
contested by Griffith ap Howel ap David, alias 
Bowdler, of Balcheldre, the ancestor^ of the Bowdlers, 
alias Gethyn, of Brompton, and collaterally descended 
from the William de Bowdlers (ii) who died 1st Aug., 
1323. 

Lewys Dwnn* gives " the names of the nineteen 
witnesses yt was against Griffith ap Howel ap David 
of the Eustock^ and with Hargaret Hidleton, heiress 



^ Lewys Dwnn's Visitation of Wales, vol. i, pp. 276-7. 

2 See Visitation of Salop, 1623, under "Bowdler of Redge," 
Chirbury parish, Barl. MS., 1983. 

3 Mr. Joseph Morris's MS. Visitation of Salop, under " Gethin of 
Brompton." 

4 Yol. i, p. 276. 

5 Yr Ystog=Churchstoke. The bard, Lewys Glyn Cothi (Dosp., 
iii, 31) addresses a poem to this Griffith ap Howel ap David ap 
Cadwalader of Bacheldre, in the parish of Churchstoke, Montgome- 
ryshire. He alludes to his office as steward of Caus Castle, reminds 
him of being the son of a warlike father, " Howel of the steeled 
lance," and as still possessing a portion of the estate formerly held 
by his great grandfather, Cadwalader. The implication of his 
father Howel in the rebellion of Owen Glendower has been already 
alluded to (see Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 329). His grandfather, David 
ap Cadwalader of Bacheldre, to whom Deio ap leuan Du composed 

F 2 



68 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

to Jolin Midleton ap Pierce Midleton, viz. : Eirid 
Midd]eton\ Hugh Ford'% Jolin Middleton^ John Hockle- 
ton^ WiUiam Young, Griffith Edward, John Foord, 
John Brockdyn^, David ap Howel, WilKam Green, 
Maurice ap Hugh of Gwnle'', Nicholas Corbett, John 
Penry of Stockton^ Rob't Peg, Griffith Bryan, Howell 

an elegy, lost the greater portion of his estate in the same cause 
(Ihicl) 

^ E-irid Middleton, descended from Ririd Flaidd, was the first of 
his line to assume the surname. His property at Middleton was 
derived from his mother Sislie, the daughter of Philip ap Robert ap 
Sir Thomas Middleton, Lord of Middleton. He married Margaret, 
the daughter of David ap Howel of Arwystli, and the niece of Sir 
Griffith Vaughan. He was the ancestor of the Middletons of Chirk 
Castle, Gwenynog, and Garthgynan, in the county of Denbigh 
(Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 322, note 4). 

2 The Ford family were of Montgomery. Their pedigree was 
entered at the Salop Visitations {Harl MS., 1396, fo. 340). 

2 John Middleton was the eldest son of Robert Middleton, by his 
wife Ann, daughter of Nicholas Ford of Montgomery (ap William 
ap Sir William Ford). He married Elizabeth, the daughter of 
Reginald ap Sir Griffith Vaughan, knight banneret (L. Dwnn, vol. 
i, p. 322), and their son, " Edraundus Mydelton, ar.," was a magis- 
trate for Montgomeryshire, 82-33 Henry VIII {Mont. Coll., vol. ii, 
p. 215). 

* John Hockleton, eighth in descent from Walter de Hockleton 
of Hockleton, in the parish of Chirbury, who held it by half a 
knight's fee in 1240. Arms, A., a fess 8., fretty or^ between three 
crescents sa. His son Walter married Margaret, daughter of John 
Wynn of Broughton (^. e. " John Brockdyn," eighth witness above). 

^ John Brockdyn, or John Wynn of Broughton, was the son of 
Reginald of Garth (third son of Sir Griffith Vaughan), by his second 
wife, Mawd, daughter of Jenkyn ap lorwerth of Ynysymaengwyn. 
For his issue, who assumed a surname from their estate at tipper 
Broughton, near Bishop's Castle, see L. Dwnn, vol. i, p. 329. 

^ Maurice ap Hugh of Gwnle was the ancestor of the Prices of 
Gunley. His father, Hugh ap Watkin, married Margaret, the 
heiress of Gunley, and daughter of David Lloyd ap Griffith ap Ririd 
of Llwyn Ririd in the parish of Forden. Her brother, John Lloyd 
ap David, inherited Llwyn Ririd, and was the ancestor of the 
Jones's of Llwyn Ririd (L. Dwnn, vol. i, p. 291). 

'' John Penn of Stockton, in the parish of Chirbury, was the 
eldest son and heir of Richard Penn, by Lowry, a natural daughter 
of David Lloyd of Leighton ap Sir Griffith Vaughan, knight ban- 
neret (Gedwyn MS., Sir Gruffydd Vy chart's Family, continued). 
Madock Penne, the great grandfather of Richard, is, in the visita- 
tion pedigree of this ancient family {Harl.MSS., 1241, fo.l28; 6172, 



I 




.^> 



''Ar.-'/n.J/o^J. 



R1BY 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 69 

ap John, Richard ap Evan, Walter Beg alias Meadow\ 
John Rob't in the 5th Year of King Henry the Vllth 
Reign." 

Griffith ap Howel ap David of Bacheldre, proved 
■unsuccessful in his suit, for Margaret Middleton and 
her husband, David Lloyd Yaughan, ap David Lloyd 
of Leigh ton, ap Sir Griffith Yaughan, Knight Banneret, 
conveyed Harrington, the ancient inheritance of the 
De Boulers, to their descendants the family of our 
sheriff. 

Commemorative of this transfer of the manor of Har- 
rington, Lewys Dwnn gives the following : 

" As verifiethe the Welsh poet : 
Lie Bowdler mor ber ar bauge, 
Yw He Dafydd Lloyd ifange.^^^ 
or, 
'^ Where Bowdler so long had spit and board. 
Is now the place of young Dayid Lloyd.^^^ 

One of the few memorials of the *'De Boulers'' still 
in existence are some ancient arms in cut stone over 
the entrance to the old part of Harrington Hall. They 
are given in illustration No. 1. Either by virtue of 
their royal or Plantagenet descent, or from feelings of 
reverence and gratitude on the part of their heirs, their 
arms, ar., two Cornish choughs, in pale, proper, appear 
in the first quarter ; in the second, sa., three nags' 
heads erased, ar, (Lloyd) ; in the third, sa., three owls, 
ar. (Broughton) ; in the fourth, gu., on a bend, or, three 
lions passant sa. (Hiddleton of Hiddleton). 

fo. 24), styled of "the Bryne ;" and his son Thomas, on his mar- 
riage with Jouet, daughter and heir of Walter Hoord of Stockton, 
was the first who settled at Stockton. 

1 Walter Redge, or Bowdler, of the Ridge, in the parish of 
Chirbury, married Lucy, daughter of David Lloyd ap Sir Griffith 
Vaughan, knight banneret. Their pedigree was entered at the 
Salop visitation of 1684. 

2 Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 276. 

3 Or, " David Lloyd the younger." 



70 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

After this account of the patrimony, the family 
descent of our sheriff requires some notice, for the most 
ancient and approved Welsh bards and genealogists 
trace the descent of the " Lloyds of Harrington,'' in 
the direct male line from Vortigern, King of the 
Britons, and existing public records, deeds, wills, and 
parish registers support their testimony from the close 
of the twelfth century to the present day\ 

"John Salusbury de Erbistocke," writing in 1677^ 
derives the family from 

'^ Kadelh Deienllug, Prince of Powys, Lord of Ewyas, Ear- 
gain, aPs Vachinfield in Herefordshire, Hneally descended from 
Gwrtheirn, called by the English historians, Yortigern, Lord 
of Ewyas and Ergain aforesaid, and some time King of the 
Brythaines/^ 

John Eeynolds, of Oswestry, says of Brochwel 
Ysgithrog, grandson of *' Cadelh Deirnllwg " — 

*' Perhaps some will question why I give the priority of all 
the succeeding documents to Brochwel Ysgithrog, my censure 
is because BrochwePs coat armour {sa., three nag^s heads 
erased, ar.) is the most primitive coat now in use within the 
six counties of North Wales, it ought to have the precedency 
of others."^ 

The royal line of Cadelh Derjmllwg, through Nest, 
Princess of Powys, and grandmother of Roderic the 
Great, was not deprived of the throne of Powys until 
the eleventh century. The "Brut "thus notices the 

^ Heraldic as distinct from historical authority for this descent is 
derived from Lewys Dwnn's Visitation of Wales, vol. i, pp. 289, 
301, 317; the Cedwyn MS. ; the English Herald's Salop visitations 
of 1584 and 1623, in the following Harl M8S., No. 615, fo. 242 b, 
No. 1241, fo. 3 b, No. 1472, fo. 18, No. 1982, fo. 151; and parti^ 
cularly from the manuscript genealogies of Shropshire and border 
families by the late Mr. Joseph Morris, the result of the life-long 
research of a patient and conscientious student of family history. 

2 "The Genealogie of the Ancient and Worshipful Family of 
Wynne of Garth." " This," he says, " was collected out of the 
books of Owen Salusbury of Rug, Esq. ; Robert Davies of Gwy- 
saney, Esq. ; Peter EIHs of Wrexham, Esq., and of others." It is 
now m the possession of the Earl of Powis. 

3 Printed in 1739. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 7l 

event tinder the year 1062. " The Brothers Bleddyn 
and Rhiwallaun took the sovereignty of Powysland 
from the tribe of Brochwel Ysgythrog, which was 
not right. "^ The usurper Bleddyn ap Cynvyn, in the 
estabhshment of ^ve new Royal Tribes, politically 
ignored and excluded therefrom the families of the 
ancient but fallen dynasty. Well may Mr. Philip 
Yorke in his Royal Tribes^ ask the pertinent question — 
" Why Jestyn ap Gwrgant, a petty lord of Glamorgan, 
and a character in everlasting disgrace, should be thus 
dignified (as the head of one of the Royal tribes), while he 
was the foinider only of ignominy and loss of dominion 
to himself, of slaughter and slavery to his country, is 
difficult to adjust ; and that Brochwel Ysgithrog, a 
Prince of Powys in its highest splendour, having Shrews- 
bury for its capital, and a chief of great power and martial 
character, should have his name omitted even in the 
fifteen tribes is alike inscrutable." 

However, if Jestyn ap Gwrgant lost Glamorgan by 
incautiously soliciting Norman aid, it was the more 
fortunate Meredith ap Bleddyn who, unable to succeed 
to the whole of his father's usurpations is reputed,^ and 
doubtless for the better security of his uncertain suc- 
cession to Powys, to have been the first lord thereot 
who yielded himself to hold the same of the Norman 
King of England. 

The light of history, afforded by the annals of our 
Saxon conquerors and other important witnesses, will 
not unfrequently be found to dispel the gloomy sus- 
picion which some may entertain of the early genera- 
tions of the line of our Powisian Princes. Calendars 
of the British church have enrolled as saints, and from 
remote ages the churches of the land have recorded as 
their founders, the kings or princes of ancient Powys. 

Mr. Rees informs us from authoritative genealogical 
sources that Cadelh Deyrnllug married Gwawrddydd, 

1 Myv. Arch., vol. ii, p. 516. ^ Introduction, p. v. 

3 Some ascribe this politic submission to his son GriflBth ap 
Meredith ap Bleddyn. See Mont Coll., vol. i, p. 262, note 1, " The 
Feudal Barons of Powys." 



72^ SHEEIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIKE. 

the daughter of Brychan, and that amongst his sons 
were Cyiian Glodrudd; Saint Cyngen-^ and Tegid Foel,^ 
lord of Penllyn, in Ederinion. The latter was the 
grandfather of Gwynlla Filwr, the father of St. Cadoc,^ 
first Abbot of Llancarfan and the founder of numerous 
churches, and grandfather of St. Beuno,^ to whom 
several churches are dedicated ; among which Berriew 
and Bettws are in Montgomeryshire. 

Gwinjin Frych, a younger son of Cadelh Deyrnllug, 
was the ancestor of Tudor Trefor, lord of Hereford, 
Gloucester, Erging, Ewyas, Chirk, Whittington, Os- 
westry, and both Maelors/ 

Saint Cyngen, Prince of Powys, and son of Cadelh 
Deyrnllug, in whose territory was situated the cele- 
brated Monastery of Bangor Iscoed, endowed it with 
lands, and was a distinguished saint of the British 
church. There was once a church dedicated to him in 
Shrewsbury.^ Mawn, one of his sons, was also deemed 
a saint. By Tangwstl, the grand-daughter of Brychan, 
lord of Brecknock, he had with other issue his cele- 
brated son, 

BuocHWEL YsGiTHROG, Auglice gay-toothed. Prince 
of Powys. The latter married Arddyn Benasgell, 
"the wing-headed," daughter of Pabo Post Prydain, 
a saint and the presumed founder of Llanbabo in 
Anglesea, where a stone still remains bearing his 
effigy with the following inscription, " Hic Jacet Pabo 
Post Prud Corpors . . . te . . . Prima.''^ The 
brother of Arddyn was Dunawd, abbot of the mona- 
stery of Bangor Iscoed, and the contemporary of St. 
Augustin.^ Consistently with this relationship, and 
the interest that Brochwel Ysgithrog and his father, 
St. Cyngen, naturally took in the chief ecclesiastical 

1 Welsh Saints, pp. 161, 170, 268. 2 j?,,-^,^ pp^ 175^ 177^ 

8 Hid., p. 268. 4 Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 265. 

' Rees' Welsh Saints, p. 207. 
^ ^ Ibid., p. 168. He first distinguislied himself as a brave war- 
rior. Losing his territory in the north, he sought refuge in Wales, 
and was hospitably received by Cyngen ap Cadell, the Prince of 
Powys, who gave him lands. He afterwards lived a holy life, and 
was accounted a saint of the British church. 7 Rges, p. 206. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. "73 

institution of their dominions, we find the venerable 
Saxon, Bede, representing "Brochmail" as the British 
general in command of the defending force, defeated by 
Ethelfrith after his slaughter of the monks of Bangor ;^ 
and at a previous consultation of the hierarchs of the 
British church with St. Augustin, Bede describes the 
former as ''seven bishops of the Britons," and many 
very learned men, principally from their most famous 
monastery, called in the language of the Angles Ban- 
cornahury, over which Dinoot the abbot is said to have 
presided at the time.^ The date of this council is said 
to be 603. St. Augustin died in 605. 

The battle of Caerleon or Chester, or as the Welsh 
have named it, " the battle of the orchard of Bangor" 
took place, according to Bede, after the death of St. 
Augustin.^ Brochwel's escape from this disastrous en- 
gagement, with a small band of about fifty followers, is 
also recorded by Bede,^ who is again followed by the 
. Saxon chronicle. There is reason for stating that he 
was at this time considerably advanced in years, as his 
eldest son Cadelh, and his grandson Selyf, alias Solo- 
mon, ap Cynan Garwyn, both fell in defence of the 
monks of Bangor. This is gathered from the Annals of 
Tighearnach under a.d. 613. " The battle of Cairelegion 
where the holy men were slain, and Solon Mac Coiiian 
king of the Britons fell, and King Catula fell there. 
Ethalfraich was the victor, who afterwards immediately 
died."^ The Annals of Cambria evidently refer to the 
same event under the " CLXXX year. The battle of 
Cair Legion, and there fell Selim the son of Cinan, 
The rest of Jacob, the son of Beli."^ 

An equally early notice of some interesting particu- 
lars of our Powisian Prince is contained in the legend 
of St. Monacella, which says — 

'' Fuit olim in Powisia quidem princeps illustrissimus no- 
mine Brochwael Yscithrog et consul Legecestrise, qui in urbe 

1 Bedae Historia Ecc, lib. ii, cap. 2. ^ Ibid. 

3 ReesV Welsh Saints, p. 293. , * Hist Ecc, ii, 2. 

^ Haigb's Anglo-Saxon Sagas, pp. 125-6. 



74 SHERIFFS OF MONTOOMERYSHiaE. 

tunc temporis Pengwern Powys (quod Latiue souat caput 
paludis Powys) nunc vero Salopia dicta est, habitabat, cujus 
domicillum seu habitaculum ibi steterat ubi collegium divi 
Ceddae episcopi nunc situm est. Ac idem princeps preclarus 
suum domicillum aut manerium supradictum ex sua mera 
liberalitate in usum Dei simul et ipsius obsequio in eleemosy- 
nam dedit, et perpetuo pro se et liaeredibus suis concessit."^ 

By Arddyn, who has left an enduring name in 
Dolarddun, '' Arddun's Meadow," in the parish of Castle 
Caereinion, Prince Brodhwel had " Cadelh/ King of 
Powys," killed at the battle of Bangor, Cynan Garwyn,^ 
of whom presently, Bod, St. Tysilio, Mawn, and perhaps 
others. 

St. Tyssiho is said to have been bishop of St. Asaph, 
and according to the situation which he occupies in his 
pedigree must have been the immediate successor of 
his cousin St. Asaph, who gave his name to the diocese. 
Cynddelw, a bard of the twelfth century, adverts with 
pride to the circumstance that the saint was "nobly 
descended of high ancestry ;" and records the numerous 
churches of his foundation.^ Of those in Montgomery- 
shire, Browne Willis says were Meifod, and Llandyssilio.^ 
" Tyssilio seems to have founded religious edifices 
beyond the limits of his diocese, taking advantage 
probably of his brother's (Cynan Garwyn's) conquests."* 
He was a bard, and is reported to have written an 
ecclesiastical history of Britain, alleged to have been 
preserved in manuscript as late as the year 1600.^ 

^ S. Melangell, or S. Monacella, was the foundress of Pennant 
Melangell. She was the daughter of Tudwal Tudglydd of the line 
of Macsen Wledig. Her history is rudely sculptured on the gallery 
of the church, and several of her relics are still shown to the credu- 
lous. The cell of Diva Monacella is in a rock near the church 
(Rees, p. 269). Her Latin legend, now extant, is quoted by several 
writers as authentic : by Powel, p. 22 ; by Enderbie, in his Cambria 
Triumphans, p. 207 ; by Davies of Llansilin, in his Display of 
Heraldry, Salop, 1716; by Carte, and Owen and Blakeway (vol. i, 
p. xi), the Shrewsbury historians. See also a note on S. Monacella 
in the poetical works of Lewys Glynn Cothi, part ii, p. 362. 

2 Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. 319. 

3 Rees' Welsh Saints^ pp. 277-8. 

4 Ibid., p. 279. ' Ibid. p. 277, note. 



* 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 75 

Cynan Garwyn, after the death of his brother 
Cadelh, and probably during the protracted lifetime of 
his father Brochwel, directed the military, as his bro- 
ther St. Tyssilio had administered the ecclesiastical, 
affairs of Powys. " He shared largely in the feuds of 
the times, and a poem of Taliesin describes his vic- 
torious career along the banks of the Wye, in the Isle 
of Anglesea, on the hills of Dimetia, and in the region 
of Brychan; chieftains trembled and fled at his approach, 
and he slaughtered his enemies with the gory blade."^ 
The genealogists, anticipating by several generations 
the fallen fortunes of the direct male branch of the 
royal house, style him '*lord of Guilsfield and Bro- 
niarth"; possessions, which although incommensurate 
with his power and the extent of his dominion as King 
of Old Powys, were certainly, and are still partly, held 
by his descendants. He was succeeded in the princi- 
pality of Powys by his grandson, 

Mynan, al's Mynogan, whose father Selyf, alias Solo- 
mon, shared the fate of so many of his family and fol- 
lowing at the battle of Bangor. " Dona, one of the sons 
of Selyf ap Cynan Garwyn, was the founder of Lland- 
dono in Anglesea ; his wake is November Ist."^ St. 
Beuno, who built a church at Gwyddelwern in Merio- 
neth, on lands granted to him by Cynan ap Brochwel 
Ysgythrog, Prince of Powys, ^ is said, in the legend of 
St. Winefrede, his disciple, " to have been deprived of 
his mansion by the superfluity of the sons of SelyvT^ 

This '' Mynan al's Mynogan whom some call Mael- 
Mynogan ; others make them two different descents as 
father and sonne ; but generally they are supposed to 
bee one person, and Mael to be only an adjunct given 
him for the armour which he wore.''^ He was suc- 
ceeded by his son, 

1 Rees' Welsh Saints, p. 277. 

2 Ibid., p. 302. 3 iii^^^ p. 268. 

^Quoted in Owen and Blakeway's Hist, of Shrewshunj, vol. ii, 
p. 35. 

^ " Genealogie of Wynne of Garth, by John Salusbury de Erbis- 
tocke." 



76 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMEEYSHIRE. 

Beli, Prince of Powys, and he by his son, 

GwYLAWc, Prince of Powys, "called by George 
Owen, Harry Kynllan, and by others Gwnawc and 
Gwallawc."^ There is however a record in existence 
which confirms this link of the received genealogy of 
the Brochwellian Princes, in the following portion of 
the inscription on the memorial cross of Prince Eliseg 
his son, raised by the latter's great grandson, Cyngen 
ap Cadelh, also Prince of Powys, over his ancestor's last 
resting place in Valle Crucis, 

" Concenn filius Cattell, Cattell filius Brochmail, 
Brochmail filius Eliseg, Eliseg filius Guoillauc.''^ 

This invaluable record of the struggles of the Povrysian 
Princes with their Saxon invaders in the eighth century 
proceeds — 

" Ipse est Eliseg qui recuperavit hereditatem Povosie 
post mortem . . . per vim e potestate Anglorum 
gladio sui." 

It is certain that it was not until the victorious 
reign of the Mercian King Offa, which continued from 
755 to about a.d. 794, that the finest part of Powys 
became a confirmed part of the Mercian territory ; and 
that Shropshire was permanently annexed to England 
by that stupendous dyke which still bears his name. 
PoweP says that King Offa died in 796, " and some- 
time after died Cadelh, King of Powys," the grandson 
of Ehseg. The "Brut"' gives a.d. 804 as the date of 
the death of " Cadell, King of Teyrnllwg, now called 
Powys." Cyngen ap Cadelh, Prince of Powys, his son, 
was murdered at Home a.d. 854 ; so that the close of 
the reign of Eliseg will synchronize with the early part 
ofthatofOfia. 

" Pengwern Powys or Shrewsbury may have been 
the portion of his ' inheritance of Powys ' which he re- 
covered from that powerful Saxon ; but which, finding 
it untenable without a greater force than he could 

^ John Salusburj, ut supra. 

2 From a copy of the inscription in Owen and Blakeway's Hist. 
of Shrewshuryy vol. i, p. 17 ; see also Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 297. 

3 P. 18, Richard Llwyd's ed. ^ Myv. Arch., p. 686. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 77 

maintain, lie relinquished by treaty ; and retiring into 
the more mountainous parts of the Powisian territory, 
found sepulture in the Vale of the Cross, in the parish 
named after his sainted kinsman TyssiHo ; and be- 
queathed his name to the rocks (the ' Glwysig rocks') 
which shade his sepulchral column."^ Of the sons of 
Eliseg, Brochwel succeeded him as Prince of Powys, 
and his second son, 

Cyngen, had for his portion Guilsfield, Broniarth, 
and Deuddwr. John Salusbury, of Erbistock, remarks — ■ 
" He is said to have borne for his coat armour sa.. three 
horse heads erased, ar. This coat I find attributed to 
all his ancestors aforesaid, but some of his posterity 
altered it as follows. Hee married and had issue 
Aeddan ap Kyngen, Lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and 
Deuddwr, and I suppose Bivlch Aeddan retains his 
name to this day, as Llanerchrochwel doth that of his 
ancestor. This Aeddan is said to have altered'^ his 
paternal coat armour and to have taken ^partie per 
pale or and ^ules two lyons rampant endorsed and 
counterchanged of the field,' which some suppose to be 
given him for a reward of his good service in the warrs 
with the Princes of Powis and South Wales ; whose 
arms they are united in one escutcheon, but others 
rather think this bearing an assumption of his own as 
being a pretender to both those principalities in the 
male line, the elder houses of both being terminated in 
daughters." Either he or his son Brochwel ap Aeddan 
had good grounds for this pretension as regards their 
succession to the principality of Powys. Powel says, 
under the year 854 — " Kyngen (ap Cadelh ap Broch- 
wel ap Eliseg) King of Powys having gone to Kome, 
there to end his days peaceably and religiously, expe- 
rienced a death not so natural as he had anticipated, 
being barbarously slain, or as some say choked by his 
own servants." He died, it is presumed, without 
issue, leaving a sister Nest, who had married Gwyriad 

1 Owen and Blakeway's Hist, of Shrewsbury, vol. i, p. 14, n. 1. 

2 See also Lewys Dwnn, vol. ii, p. 235, n. 



78 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

ap Elidur, King of Man ; and she, to tlie exclusion of 
her second cousin, and next male heir, Brochwel ap 
Aeddan ap Cyngen ap Eliseg, conveyed Powys to her 
son Merfyn Frych, who fortified his assumption by 
marrying Esyllt, the only daughter and heiress of 
Conan Tindeathwy, Prince of North Wales. Their 
son, Koderick the Great, again by an equally fortunate 
marriage, secured the sole rule of Wales, by marrying 
Angharad, the heiress of South Wales.^ 

Such a consummation of power would preclude all 
hope of succession on the part of Brochwel ap Aeddan, 
although it did not silence an assertion of right on the 
part of his descendants to the extensive Principality of 
old Powys. Assuming that Salic law prevailed, from 
the fact that at this era lands, by Welsh law, were in no 
case suffered to devolve on a female ; it will be seen, 
in the following formula of descent from JPrince Eliseg, 
that with the male descendants of Brochwel ap Aeddan 
rests the titular dignity of Prince of Powys. 

Eliseg, Prince of Powys. =F 



Brochwel, Prince^ Cyngen, 2nd son. Lord of Guildsfield, =F 
of Powys, Broniarth and Deuddwr. 



Cadelh, " King of Deyrnllilg, now=F Aeddan =F 

called Powys" 



Cyngen, Prince of ^j^est^Gwyriad ap Brochwel ap Aeddan =f= 

Powys, 0. s. 2>.. I Elidur. " de jure" Prince 

Murdered at Rome. of Powys. 



Merfyn Frych ^ Esyllt, Princess of North Wales. 
I 



Roderick the Greats Angharad, Princess of South Wales. 

John Salusbury says that " Brochwel ap Aeddan, 

^ Powel, pp. 20-29. 

^ Lewys Dwnn, under The Descendants of Brochvjel /Scethrog, 
has the following. " Cadell ap Brochwell had but one daughter, 
named Nest, who carried off the Province from the males, as ap- 
peareth, etc." (vol. i, p. 319) 



I 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 79 

Lord of Guildsfield and Broniartli, and some say of 
Deuddwr, married and had issue Gwaeddan Eodri and 
Selyf" These were most likely succeeding generations 
from, and not all sons of Brochwel ap Aeddan. The 
pedigree of " Blayney of Gregynog" has "Eodri ap 
Gwaeddan ap Brochwel ap Aeddan."^ According to 
the probably authentic pedigree of " Price of New- 
town," Cadwgan ap Elystan Glodrudd married Jane/ 
the daughter of Brochwel ap Aeddan. It also there 
states that " William the Conqueror fell upon this 
Cadwgan and took all the English country from him." 
Such a distant conquest is not likely to have been 
consummated until the close of his reign ; therefore it 
may be asumed that this calamity fell upon Cadwgan 
about the year 1085. Sir Griffith Yaughan, as the 
tenth generation from Gwaeddan, the assumed brother 
of Jane, was in the prime of life in the 7th Henry IV., 
A.D. 1405, when he appears as a knight on the Pool 
burgess roll ; and by allowing thirty-two years to each 
generation, we thus obtain a.d. 1085 as the era of 
Cadwgan ap Elystan ; but assuming Gwaeddan, Eodri, 
and Selyf, as stated by Salusbury, to be brothers, we 
have but eight intervening generations, and require 
the excessive average of forty years for each up to the 
year 1085. All authorities, however, met with,^ except- 
ing Lewys Dwnn, who omits him,^ make Selyf the son 
of Brochwel ap Aeddan. 

From Brochwel ap Aeddan the diverse branches of 
the tribe in Montgomeryshire derive their descent. 
That their territorial interests in the county at the 
beginning of the seventeenth century were considerable, 
has been shown in a former page,^ and that their local 
influence must have been in the ascendant may be 

^ Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. 299. 

2 Ihid., vol. i, p. 813 ; called Elen, vol. i, p. 130. 

3 Add. MS., 9864, under Griffiths of " Bwlch Aeddan." The 
Cedwijn MS., under Sir Gruffydd Vychan," " Penrhyn of Rhys- 
nanfc," " Lloyd of Trelystan." 

* Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, pp. 317-330. 
5 Mont. Coll„ vol. iv, p. 385. 



80 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

gathered from the fact that from the first appointment 
of a sheriff, in 1541, to the close of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, on twenty-three occasions, at least, was that office 
filled by members of their families. 

From Brochwel three representative lines of descent 
may be noted. First, the Guilsfield and Broniarth, or 
" Lloyd " branch ; secondly, the Meiler Grtig, or " Blay- 
ney" branch; thirdly, the Deuddwr, or "Penrhyn" 
branch.^ 

Sir Griffith Yaughan, knight banneret, of Garth, chief 
of the Guilsfield and Broniarth line, in 1447 lost his head 
in the court-yard of Powys Castle for rashly advancing 
a similar pretension to that ascribed to his ancestor, 
Brochwel ap Aeddan, " lord of Guildsfield, Broniarth, 
and Deuddwr." In the absence of clearer evidence, 
it is inferred that Sir Griffith represented the senior 
line, as would also our sheriff, as the representative of 
Sir Griffith's eldest son, David Lloyd of Leigh ton. 

Selyf (ap Bodri ap Gwaeddan) ap Brochwel ap 
Aeddan, lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and Deuddwr, 
had issue Beli and Meilir. " Griffud Hirvain'' (ap 
Griffith Lloyd ap Griffith Graslwyd ap Griffith ap 
Meiler ap Selyf ^) appears as eleventh witness to an 
undated charter or grant of land to the monks of 
Strata Marcella, which must have been excuted, by the 
known era of his co-witnesses, circa a.d. 1202.* 

Beli ap Selyf, Lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and 
Deuddwr, is also styled" Beli of the Garth." ^ He 
had issue 

Griffith ap Belt, Lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and 

^ See the " Genealogical Key Chart to Sheriffs' Families of the 
tribe of Brochwel Ysgithrog" {Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 210, where, 
following Lewys Dwnn, the author has omitted the generation of 
" Selyf.") 

2 Mont. Coll., vol. i, p. 338 ; also the Poetical Works of Lewys 
Glynn Cothi, p. 423, note. 

^ Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, pp. 310, 317. 

4 See Mont Coll., vol. iv, p. 303. 

5 In the pedigree of " Gough of Marsh," Harl MS., 1241, fo. 
lo/. 



SHEllIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 81 

Deuddwr, who had issue by Janet, daughter of Piers 
Camber of Stretton ; or, according to others, of Sir 
WiUiam Camber, knight, of Church Stretton,^ Gwenwys, 
Gwyn, "Cadell and others/'^ Gwenwys and Gwyn, 
who were brothers,^ have by some authorities been 
made identical. Gwyn, by " Annes, eldest daughter of 
Einion Vaughan of Ceven-y-Uys,^ or Cedwyn, ancestor 
of the Prices of Newtown, had several sons, of whom 
Pasgen was the ancestor of the "Penrhyns of Deuddwr" 
(apparently the portion of Gwyn ap Griffith), of Meredith 
ap Cadwalader ap Owen of Nantcribba, the *' Wynnes 
of Dol-Arddun," the^ '' Lloyds of Glan Havon," the 
" Jones' of Llwyn Birid,'' &c. ; and Griffith the ancestor, 
amongst others, of the "Yaughans of Tredderwen."^ 

Having, with a becoming reverence for the suscep- 
tibilities of our Welsh genealogists, wandered so far by 
the aid of a few glimmerings of historic light, through 
the darkness of that remote age to which the respect- 
able traditions of the family ascend, it will be some 
relief to emerge therefrom into the safer light afforded 
by existing documentary evidence, and to supplement 
therewith the authority of our genealogists. 

Gwenwys ap Griffith, ap Beli, of the Garth, in the 
parish of Guilsfield and lordship of Strata Marcella, 

^ Mr. Joseph Morris's MS. Visitation of Salop^ " Lloyd of Mar- 
rington." 

2 John Salusbury de Erbistocke, in the " Garth" pedigree. 

^ This is shown by the fact that " Sir Griffith Vaughan (ap 
Griffith ap leuan ap Madoc) ap Gwenwys, Knt.," and "Evan ap 
Ririd ap Meyrick ap Pasgen" ap Gwyup the fourth descendants in 
corresponding generations from Gwenwys and Gwyn respectively, 
appear as contemporaries on the Welshpool burgess roll, 7th Henry 
IV, 7th June, 1406 (Lewys Dwnn's Visitation of Wales, vol. i, p. 
312). And that Meredith ap Cadwalader ap Owen ap Meyrick ap 
Pasgen, who had a grant or confirmation of lands in the vills of 
Wrobton (Nantcribba) and Criggion, on the 9th February, 24th 
Henry VI, 1446, from Humphrey Staffi)rd, Duke of Buckingham, 
was a contemporary of David Lloyd of Leighton ap Sir Griffith 
Vaughan, they being fifth descendants in corresponding genera- 
tions from Gwyn and Gwenwys respectively. 

* Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, pp. 314, 319. 

^ See Lewys Dwnn's Visitation under these families. 

VOL. VI. G 



82 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

may, according to the Welsh, f agon de parler of ancient 
freeholders, and by the Hght of existing charters, be 
styled Lord of Guilsfield and Broniarth. He is men- 
tioned as the great-great-grandfather of Sir Griffith 
Vaughan of Garth, in Sir Edward de Cherleton's 
charter (6 July, 7th Henry V.) of privileges to the 
latter and his brother leuan,-^ for their capture of Lord 
Cobham the Lollard. 

This charter mentions the inherited lands of the 
family in the above lordship as distinct from more 
recent acquisitions, as " de hereditate et perquisicione 
leuan ap Madoc ap Gwennowys antecessoris illorum 
vel de purparte Griffini ap leuan patris eorum." These 
lands are indefinably given as " viginti gavelle (? hold- 
ings) et octavo partis gavelli terrarum liberarum," 
" et parcellas terre fir me quas predict us Gruffuth ap 
leuan pater eorum tenuit de perquisitione dicti leuan 
ap Madoc antecessoris eorum." It then proceeds to 
describe in detail some more recent acquisitions near 
" Garth " and in " Guldesfelde " (GuHsfield). 

Broniarth, as well as Guilsfield, was doubtless held 
by Gwenwys as a freehold inherited from his ancestors. 
This is to be gathered from another charter^ from 
Edwardus de Cherleton, confirming to Sir Griffith and 
his brother leuan '' totam villam de B (Broniarth) 
terr'. native in dominio nostro de Powys," constituting 
it a manor heritable, in default of male, by female 
heirs, for the feudal service, " reddendo inde annuatim 
nobis et heredibus n'ris unam rosam rubram ad festam 
Sti. Johis Baptist." 

Gwenwys married Alson, or Alice, the daughter of 
■ — Corbet^ of Lee.^ Although the Christian name of 
her father is omitted by our authorities, there are the 
following reasons for supposing it to be Robert. 

^ See the charter and translation in Montgomeryshire Collections^ 
vol. i, pp. 319-23. 

2 See Porkington copy of the Broniarth charter, Mont. Coll., vol. 
iv, p. 371. 

^ Lewys Dwnn's Vis. of Wales, vol. i, pp. 301, 328. 

* " Genealogie of Wynne of Garth," by Salusbury de Erbistocke. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. . 83 

Sir Eobert Corbet, Baron of Cans, who died in 1222, 
had three, if not more, sons : ^ i. Thomas Corbet, Baron 
of Cans (born circa 1184, died circa September 1274). 
II. Eobert Corbet, supposed by Mr. Eyton to be the 
ancestor of the Corbets of Lee.^ iii. Hugh Corbet, 
surnamed Grosse-taille,^ or Bulky Hugh. These sons 
occur at various times between 1220 and 1274. In 
the former year they witness a grant of their father. 
Sir Bobert Corbet. As Gwenwys was in the prime 
of life in 1270, it is probable that his wife Alson was 
the daughter of Robert Corbet of Lee, the second son 
of Sir Bobert Corbet, Baron of Cans. This receives 
some confirmation from the following association. In 
1266 Peter Corbet (Sir Thomas Corbet's son), Robert 
Corbet, Hugh Grysetayl (doubtless his uncles), Madoc 
de Beechfield,^ son of Alson Corbet and Gwenwys, and 
fifty or sixty others, were implicated in the murder of 
Bichard Purcell (ii.) of Marton, and were, on 15th 
May, 1272, all pardoned by the King at the instance 
of Thomas Corbet, Baron of Caus.'^ 

Gwenwys also married Joan, or Jonet, daughter and 
heir of John Bewpeo of ye Poole, by Sislie, daughter 
and heir of Piers Camber of Stretton,^ by whom he had 
Kadwgan ap Gwenwys. The latter married Annes,'' 
the daughter of Cynvelyn ap Dolphyn, a witness to 

1 Eyton' s Antiquities of ShrojpsMre, vol. vii, p. 40. 

2 Ibid., p. 42. 

3 Circa 1250 Hugh Griseteyl held half a virgate in Wynesley 
(Winsley), Ibid., p. 63. In 1251 there was a writ of disseizin against 
Eugh Chrystel concerning a tenement in Wynesley (Ibid.) At the 
assizes of 1272, William de Wynylegh and Agnes his wife recovered 
from Robert, son of Hugh Corbet, a messuage and half virgate in 
Wynelegh (Ibid., p. 64). 

4 Beechfield was a member of the manor of Worthin, and is 
situate about two miles from Cans Castle, and about the same from 
Lee Hall. 

s Ey ton's Ant. of Shropshire, vol. xi, pp. 83, 84. 

6 Salusbury, Salop Visitation, 1584, " Gough of Marsh," and 
Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. 330, where she is called " Joned v. 
John Boothby, Esq." 

7 L. Dwnn, vol. i, p. 330. Her sister Alson was the mother of 
Einion ap Celynyn of Llwydiarth, living 14 Edw. HI, a.d. 1340. 

G 2 



84 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Owen Cyfeiliog's foundation charter of Strata Marcella 
Abbey in 1170. It was probably her brother "Griffino 
filio Kynvelyn " who witnesses an undated charter of 
Griffith ap Gwenwynwyn, Prince of Powys, to the bur- 
gesses of Pool.^ 

Madoc ap Gwenwys, Lord of Guilsfield and Bro- 
niarth, the son of Gwenwys by Alson Corbett of Lee, 
is, as we have seen, mentioned in the above charter. 
Besides his hereditary possessions in the lordship of 
Strata Marcella, his other lands in Leighton, Hope, 
Beechfield, and Binweston, held under the Corbet 
Barony of Caus, and by his descendants under the 
Staffords, were doubtless mainly derived from his 
mother. 

In October, 1266, Madoc de Beechfield is described 
as being in garrison at Caus Castle under Thomas 
Corbet, Baron of Caus.^ 

In 1274 " Madoc de Beechfield was a juror of 
Worthyn Liberty and first juror at the Assizes in 
1292.^ Lewys Glyn Cothi thus alludes to him in an 
ode to his grandson, " Griffith ap leuan ap Madog of 
Cawres " (Caus Castle). 

'^ Griffith ap leuan ! to thy stronghold and thy Gawres, 
Griffith, good of nature, uncorrupt of faith, have I named thee 
Madog, generous leader, bring more to the gay court ; 
The fame will grow of the soldier of (the tribe) of Gwenwys J'^ 

Madoc married Arddyn, daughter and heiress of 
Ehys, ap Griffith,* ap Sir Aron, Knight of the Holy 
Sepulchre, ap Bledri, Lord of Kill y Sant. " Arg. 3 
bull's heads couped sable, attired, or ; and by her had 
issue Birid, leuan, Grifiith, Llewelyn and others, who 
each of them had lands by the gavel-kind law."^ 

' " Feudal Barons of Powys," Mont. Coll., vol. i, p. 304. 

^ Eyton's Antiquities of Shropshire, vol. xi, pp. 83, 108. 

3 Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 333. 

■* Styled " Gruffydd y Llwydiaid ar Gwenwys o Bowys" (Lewys 
Dvvnn, vol. i, p. 212). His sister, Gwenllian, married " Jankyn 
Fitz Adam Fitz Herbert," the ancestor of the Herberts (Ibid., p. 
312). 6 Salusbury de Erbistocke. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 85 

"In 1272 Griffin ap Madoc^ was impleaded coram 
Rege with Loretta Hunald and Matilda Purcell, two 
ladies living in Marton, for felling timber in Petronella 
Corbet's bosc of Binweston."^ Madoc ap Gwenwys was 
succeeded by his son, 

Ieuan ap Madoc, Lord of Guilsfield and Broniarth, 
who married "Gwenhwfar, daughter and heir toGryffin, 
ap Alo of Powys, ap Ehiwallon Vychan, ap Rhiwallon 
Lloyd, ap Ithel frewin Gwent, or 3 lyons heads erased 
gules with a border engrailed az''^ By an inquisitio 
post mort. of Griffin, son and heir of Owen de la Pole, 
ap Griffin, ap Gwenwynwyn, taken 10 August, 1309, 
we find that Griffin ap Alo, Gwenhwfar's father, Einion 
ap Alo, and their brethren, held " Trevenant liber " 
under Griffin ap Owen, who held " in capite baroniam " 
of the King.* Ieuan ap Madoc, by Gwenhwfar, had 
issue 

I. Griffith ap Ieuan, of whom presently. 

II. Owen of Manavon, married Auderia^ or Awdry, 
daughter of Bedo Goch of Arwystli ap Griffith ap Mere- 
dith ap Einion. His daughter Margaret married John^ 
Corbet, lord of (half) Willaston in Alberbury, living 2 
Henry VI, 1423. They left two daughters, co-heirs, 
Catherine, who married John Blount; and Johanna, 
who married John Hopton of Rockell or RockuU. Their 
descendant, Edward Hopton, and Elizabeth his wife 

1 " Griffith of Plas Madoc, second sonne to Madoc ;" see Broch- 
wellian Descendants, Earl. MS., 1982-1977. For his line, see 
Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. 322, " Llandissilio Halchdyn." 

^ Eyton's Ant., vol. xi, p. 2. 

^ Salusbury de Erbistocke. 

* Mont. Coll., vol. i, p. 154. When Griffin, son and heir of Wil- 
liam de la Pole made proof of his age in 1319, " Anianus ab 
Allow," one of the witnesses, declared himself to be fifty years of 
age. His younger brother " Willielmus ab Allow," another wit- 
ness, was then forty-six, and declared himself at the birth of 
Griffin to have been " Ballivus WiUielmi de la Pole patris predicti 
Griffini in terra de Mauthou" {Mont. Coll, vol. i, pp. 81, 82, 176). 

^ Harl. MS., 1396, Owen of Manavon.. 

6 Hengwrt MS., 422. Called Thotnas, in Earl. M.S., 1396. 
Pigot and Williams of Willaston. 



86 SHKRIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

had a grant of the site of Chirbury Priory, 37 Henry 
VIII.^ 

III. " David Lloit ap leuan ap Madoc de Southstrad- 
Margell," who received a pardon for acts of rebeUion 
under Ower Glendower, from Sir Edward de Charleton 
on 11th March, 9th Henry lY, 1408.' 

IV. Meredith. An original charter now at Wynn- 
stay, in the possession of Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, 
Bart., dated at Mathraval, 3 June, sisime (6th) Henry 
IV, 1405, sets forth a grant from Edward de Charleton 
Lord of Powys, to his " dear clerc " Piers, son of Piers 
Camhray de la Pole, of lands which were of M'red ap 
leuan ap Madoc ap Gwenwys, forfeited for his partici- 
pation in the rebellion of Owen de Glendoudoy. His 
daughter Jane^ married Hamlett Winsbury, of Pillaton 
Hall, Staffordshire, son of John Winsbury, of Winsbury, 
in the parish of Chirbury, who was sheriff of Shrop- 
shire in 1429.* 27 Feb., 1431, John Wynnesbury 
appears as a joint patron, with Thomas Hopton of 
EockuU, and others, of Sheinton Church.^ It was 
probably his grandfather,* Henry Wynnesbury,^ who 
was sheriff of Shropshire in 1391. Hamlett, the son of 
Hamlett Winsbury and Jane, married Alice, daughter 
of Eichard Corbett, by whom he left two daughters 
co-heirs, and died seized, among others, of lands in 
Acton Scott in 1473.'' His daughter Eleanor married 
Richard, son of William Acton of Acton Scott, and his 

^ Duke's Ant. of Shropshire, p. 125. 

2 See Mont. Coll., vol. iv. pp. 336-7; and Gedwyn MS., under 
"descendants of Madoc Gwenwjs," 

8 " Visitation of Salop," Harl. MS., 1241, fo. 36. 

4 Blakeway's Sheriffs. ^ Eyton's Ant, vol. vi, p. 220, n. 

6 In 1374, Henry de Wynnesbury held half of Dudston, the 
township adjoining Winsbury, in the parish of Chirbury, by service 
of one-eighth of a knight's fee. Eyton's Ant., vol. xi, p. 159. The 
Wynnesburys derived their name from this Winsbury. William 
de Wynnesbury was lord of the vill of Wynnesbury in the Nomina 
Villarum, 1316. He died 1st Oct., 1323, leaving a son and heir, John, 
twenty-four years of age on the 24th June. This John was, perhaps, 
the father of Henry, the sheriff in 1391 {Ibid., vol. xi, p. 1G9). 

7 Duke's Ant. of Shropshire, p. 228. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 87 

daughter, Alice, carried Pillaton to the Lyttletons. 
The latter married Eichard, second son of Sir Thomas 
Lyttleton, Knight/ Judge of the Common Pleas, to 
whom his father dedicated his *' Tenures," commented 
on by Sir Edward Coke. Eichard Lyttleton was the 
ancestor of the Baronets of Pillaton. 

The Cedwyn MS. supplements this notice of his 
issue with an '' Account of the nine daughters of leuan 
ap Madoc Gwenwys," as follows ; — 

I. Angharad, ux. Dafydd ap Meredydd ap Gruffydd 
Ddu Manavon. 

II. Gwen, ux. (* ap) Meredydd ap Gruffydd Ddu. 

III. Arddyn, ux. Grufiydd ap leuan Lloyd of Matha- 
varn. She was the grandmother of the celebrated bard 
David Lloyd, ^ ancestor of the Pughs of Mathavarn. 

IV. " Margaret, ux. Meredydd ap Davydd," of Neu- 
addwen, "ap Gruffydd Yychan ap Gruffydd (Yyrgoch) 
ap Eignion ap Ednyved ap Sullen ap Caradoc, des- 
cended from Meredydd ap Cynan. Some genealogists 
say from Meredydd, the brother of Bleddyn ap Cynvyn 
Prince of Powys."^ " Suglen filio Carodauc" appears 
as second witness to the foundation charter of Strata 
Marcella Abbey in 1170;* As " Sulian, Archdeacon," 
first witness to a charter of Prince Wenwynwyn to 
the monks in 1201 ;^ and thus, in a confirmation 
charter of the same in 1202, *' His testibus, Suliano 
Archidiacono et duobus filiis ejus Eyniaun et Idinevet."^ 
"Griffinum filium Eyneon filii Sulien," was sent to 
King John as the twentieth hostage for Prince Wen- 
wynwyn, A.D. 1208.^ His great grand-daughter Mar- 
garet, as a co-heiress, ahenated the estates of her house 
by marrying — ^first, Howel ap Grifiith, ancestor of the 

A " By Joan, daughter and coheir of William Burley of Brom- 
croft Castle, Salop."— Duke's Ant,, p. 229. 

2 Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, under *' Mathafarn," vol. i, p. 296. 

3 Cedwyn MS., under Neuadd Wen. 

4 Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 16. 

5 Ibid., p. 29p. ^ Ibid., p. 301. 7 Jbid., vol. i, p. 107. 



S8 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRET. 

Vaughans of Llwydiarth ; second, Eees ap David Lloyd, 
ancestor of the Prices of Newtown ; and third, Griffith 
ap Howel ap David, of Brompton.^ A second marriage, 
although not mentioned in the Cedwyn MS. was con- 
tracted by Margaret ; for " Thomas Jones, Esquire, of 
Fountain Gate, the Twm Sion Catti of Eomance, left 
a folio volume of pedigrees, of which the following is 
an extract. (See Cawres, in p. 101). 

" Gruffydd ap Llywelyn ap Maredydd married Margaret, 
daughter of leuan ab Madog ab Gwenwys, Lord of Guilsfield. 

" Gwenevyr, daughter of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, married 
John Einws or Haynes (of Stretton). See line 51. 

" Mary, daughter of John Einws and Gwenevyr, married 
Thomas Thynne of the Inn. Their son was Sir John Thynne, 
knight, who married a daughter of Sir Richard Gresham, 
knight, and had eight sons, the youngest of whom was Egre- 
mont Thynne." 

*' From these Thynnes spring the Viscounts Weymouth and 
the Marquisses of Bath."^ 

V. "Annes, ux. Jenkin ap Llewelyn ap Einion ap 
Kelynin," of Llwydiarth, ancestor of the Vaughans. 

VI. "Eva,^ ux. leuan Gethyn ap y Cyffin," fifth in 
descent from Einion Efell. She was the maternal 
ancestress of the Tanats of Abertanat, Kyffins of 
Bodfach, etc. 

VII. " Jonet, ux. Philip Benfach." 

VIII. "Gwen, ux. Meredydd ap Eignion of Cefnycoed," 
of Gwern y Buarth in Llandyssil.* 

IX. "Alex, ux. Madoc ap leuan ap David Goch." 
leuan ap Madoc was succeeded by his son, 

Gryffith ap Ieuan, who, says Salusbury de Erbis- 
tock, " was Lord of Guilsfield and Broniarth, or the 
greatest part of them, for some went to other brothers 
by the gavel kind law, hee married Mawd, daughter 

^ Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 294. 

2 See Lewys Glyn Gothi's ode to " Gruffydd ab leuan ab Madog 
ap Gwenwys o Gawres," note ii, p. 423. 

^ Lewys Dwnn, under " Bodfach" and " Abertanat," calls her 
*' Arddyn." 

* Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 300. There called " Gwenllian." 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 80 

and heir to GryfFri ap Eys Yongam, descended from 
Llovvdden of Mowdd. Gules a gryffon rampt. or, and 
some of their posterity were so fond of his coat of 
Llowdens that they bore it for some time instead of 
their own. The mother of the said Mawd was" Elenor 
vrch Griffith ap Wm. al's Wilcock, Lord of Mowddwy. 
The said Gryffith ap levan, by Mawd his said wife, had 
issue levan ^ and Sr Gryffith Yaughan, and Gwenhwyvar, 
wife to David Gethin of Mechain Uchcoed." 

A community of interest throws light upon this 
aUiance, since we have seen that Griffith ap Alo, the 
grandfather maternally of Griffith ap leuan, held 
" Trevenant" under Owen ap Griffith ap Wenwynwyn, 
Lord of Powys ; and that his grand-uncle, William ap 
Alo, was bailiff of Mowddwy to William, or Will. Coch, 
ap Griffith ap Wenwynwyn, the grandfather of Mawd 
his wife. 

It was the lot of Griffith ap leuan to live in troubled 
times. The stirring strife of open rebellion to English 
rule had driven him from the peaceful retirement of his 
ancient inheritance in the vale of Cegidva and Lordship 
of Strata Marcella, for purposes of aggression and better 
security to Cans Castle, the frontier fortress of the 
adjoining Barony ; within which, as an extensive free- 
holder under the Earls of StaffiDrd and Barons of Cans, 
he owed feudal service. 

" The incidents of the Bebellion of Owen Glendower 
in Powysland"^ have shown Griffith ap leuan to have 
been an active participant in that eventful but fruit- 
less national struggle. 

As a prominent chief of the tribe of Brochwel, his 
aid was solicited and his local inflence actively secured by 
its members, the leading spirits who had early espoused 
the cause of Owen. Welsh graduates in the law and 
students in the University of Oxford, " had counscilled 

1 Maud, daughter and heiress of David Lloyd ap leuan, Lord of 
half Broniarth, conveyed his portion of that manor to Teuan Lloyd 
ap David Lloyd of Abertanat, the ancestor of the Tanats. See 
Thomas Tanat, sheriff in 1570 {Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 362, et seq.) 

'^ Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 331. 



90 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

GrifF ap leu' sckaier that duelled under Breytliin to go 
till Owein and dwell with him and for to become his 
mon." His brothers, Meredith and David Lloyd ap 
leuan, his sons, his cousins, and immediate connections, 
were available for the contingencies of the struggle. 
They conspired, fought, and suffered for traditional 
rights in an unequal contest ; submitted to adverse 
fate, and were pardoned; but his brother Meredith, 
perhaps scorning submission, lost his lands. 

The ode of Lewys Glynn Cothi, the poet chronicler, 
to " Griffith ap leuan ap Madoc ap Wenwys of Cawres," 
shows that bards as well as scholars of the period were 
equally inspired by the national sentiment. A trans- 
lation of this poem, printed in Montgomeryshire Collec- 
tions, vol. iv. pp. 332-5, gives interesting details of the 
situation. The gallant Earl of Stafford, having joined 
the confederates,^ garrisoned his castle at Caus. Its 
defence, as well as the support and protection of the 
retainers of the Barony, were entrusted to our Broch- 
weliian chief, probably his seneschal.^ Exultingly does 
the poet describe this circumstance. 

^' The warm treasure of Cawres is thine^ Grriffith, 
Of the sharp-pointed spear of ash. 



" Under thee, Griffith, will we unite. 
Through the spearmen leuan struck ; 
Since thy father, to thee we look." 

" Old, and weak, and active — all 
Have gone, good omen, to thy snug houses. 
Old Cawres, a refuge to escape the storm/^ 

The poet, by ingenious prompting, arouses the dormant 
ambition of his house, and excites his family pride and 
military ardour by reference to his descent from the old 
kings of Powys, to his ancestral and personal deeds of 
arms. 

^ Hall's Chron., xx h. See his account of the battle of Shrewsbury. 

2 His great grandson, Humphrey Llwyd of Leighton, was senes- 
chal of the barony of Caus to Edward Stafford, Duke of Bucking- 
ham, and to his son Henry, Lord Stafford. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 91 

" Grriffith ap leuan ! to thy stronghold and thy Cawres ! 
Madog/ generous leader, bring more to the gay court, 
The fame will grow of the soldier of the Gwenwys. 
Into thy two arms win the two Powyses ; 
Griffith ! peacock, worthy and strong, head of the Gwenwys. 
Griffith ! hand of Caron, uncorrupt-of-faith. Lion of Cawres. 
Griffith ! of BrochweVs lineage, pure, strong of arm. 
Griffith ! a great struggle approaches ! give a smart stroke." 

Then, apostrophismg his son, the poet proceeds : 

" Sir Griffith with Nudd^s features^ during thy father's lifetime 

a burden, 
(Weighs) on our two countries j Sir Aron^ doubtless art 

thou, 
Go ! picked men of your family ! beat AHce^s^ children — 
Beat them with good confidence, kinsmen of Ehys Tewdwr." 

Griffith ap leuan was succeeded by his son, 

" SirGryffith Vychan of Burgedin, Treflydan, Garth, 
Maesmawr, Gaervawr, and much other lands in Guils- 
field, was knight Banneret under King Henry the 
Fifth in Agincourt field in France."^ His claim to this 
latter distinction has already been fully discussed in 
the paper entitled *' A Powysian at Agincourt.* Char- 
ters^ granted by Sir Edward de Charleton, Lord of 
Powys, confirming the ancient family inheritances of 
Guilsfield and Broniarth, illustrating an interesting 
episode in his life as joint captor of Sir John Oldcastle, 
Lord Cobham the Lollard, and the letter'' of the brothers 
to King Henry V., have also been referred to. 

There would have been little need of further com- 
ment but for the somewhat mysterious occurrence of 
his death. 
Two elegies, written by his contemporaries LlwysGlyn 

^ Madoc ap Gwenwys, great grandfather of Sir Griffith Yaughan, 
married Arddyn, daughter of Rhys ap Sir Aron, Knight of the 
Holy Sepulchre. ^ The English. 

^ Salusbury de Erbistocke, " Genealogie of the anciente and 
worshipful family of Wynne of Garth, etc," Jan. 16, 1677. 

* Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 139, et seq. 

5 Ihid., vol. i, p. 319 ; vol. iv, pp. 362, et seq. 

6 Ibid., vol. i, p. 293. • 7 iiid.^ p. 295. 



92 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Cotlii and David Lloyd of Mathavarn, commemorating 
the event, have been preserved. The original Welsh 
of the former has been printed.^ For the convenience 
of our English readers we subjoin a literal translation. 
We also subjoin a translation of the elegy by David 
Lloyd. The latter was a Welsh nephew of Sir Griffith 
Vaughan. Arddyn, the grandmother of the bard, was 
the aunt of Sir Griffith. Whatever suspicion may attach 
to the eulogistic strains of the professional bard, none 
can be entertained of the disinterested truthfulness and 
independence of the Lord of Mathavarn, the possessor of 
a considerable estate on both sides of the Dyvi above 
Machynlleth. 

Translation of Lewys Glyn Gothics Elegy on 

SIR GRIFFITH VYCHAN OF POWYS. 

A truly evil thing is loss of hope ! 

God of Heaven ! Is there no rescue for our race ! 

We have been persecuted even to disfigurement ! 

We are but images of men to wreak their vengeance on ! 

A sad mishap hath befallen Powys : 

God hath willed it, and she is made weak. 

^Twas a marvel that, in the presence of all men. 

King Harry ,^ with his councillors, 

Should honour the head that protected us. 

And having honoured it, cut it off ! 

Not a day passes but I ail. 

Bowed down by grief for Sir Gruffydd Yychan. 

My robe^ is like Saint Anthony's, 

For the man that here was so honoured. 

In memory of the valorous knight have I chosen 

A coat of a roebuck's skin. 

I am a very brother, in my desolation. 

To Merlin, deprived of my patron. 

But in the seventh happy hour 

Would I love him, even between the horns of the hart ; 

The seven have been twenty times met with. 

But we are made lower than them all j* 

1 " Marwnad Syr Grufydd Vychan o Bowys," Dosp., vi, p. 418. 
" Gwaith Lewys Glyn Cothi," printed at Oxford in 1837. 

2 King Henry VI. 

^ i. e., as mean a garment as Saint Anthony wore in his humility. 
'^ " There would seem," says Mr. Howell W. Lloyd, " to be an 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 93 

If the Saxons of yore were the undermost, 

We are the undermost in this age of ours. 

For Gwenwys^ here in January, 

Like snow have we come to the ground : 

No church, no market, no court. 

Nor aught beside now hath Powys. 

Gone is her name, her Beloved, 

Her head, her owner, her guide, 

Her men, her maintenance, her goods. 

Her all in this world is gone from her. 

From hence to York it has been a dreary autumn 

And sad spring for the Gwenwys.^ 

To the Saxons — summer and fair weather. 

But to Powys — winter. 

Till now we had a good time of it, 

[Followed by] adversity in Cegidva.^ 

Hitherto we have shared the land; 

Henceforth 'twill be shared [by others] . 

For his enemy's sake hath a man been doomed. 

Of his doom were their arms the seal. 

Where he was guileless. 

They were full of guile. 

For him will there be in Cors Yochno* 

Imputation and much reproaching. 

Ehyddlan predicts that some 

Of [a certain] House ^ will avenge him ; 

'Twere fitting that for him there should be 

A piercing with spears in Cwm Mined. 

The world will be troubled for Sir GrufFydd, 

For him do I sorely grieve. 

May Cadwdader,^ if so it must be. 

Live as becomes his baptismal name ; 

Our life will be passed between birch and hill. 

allusion in the whole of these six lines to the story of Merlin, who 
lost his reason, and wandered in the forest of Celydda after the 
battle of Arddwyd. Perhaps the clue to their interpretation might 
be found in Merlin's Prophecies. ^^ 

1 The patronymic of Sir GrufFydd Vychan. 

2 i. e. the tribe of Gwenwys. 

3 Garth, in the parish of Cegidva, or Guilsfield, was the man- 
sion of Sir Griffith Vychan. 

* There is a famous morass so called, in Cardiganshire, south of 
and adjacent to the river Dovey. 

5 Perhaps of a relative in that neighbourhood. 

6 Second son of Sir GrufFydd Vychan. 



94 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

May Eeinallt^ have his share of this world's goods ; 

May it fall to the lot of David/ 

Tho' all the world be his foe^ to play the man.^ 

TEANSLATION.4 

An Elegy to tJie memory of Sir Gbiffith Yaughan, Knight 
Banneret of Agincourt Field, by David Llwyd ap Llewelyn of 
Matliavarn, 

For the man whom I love most_, 

The golden-torqued, great is my grief; 

I weep 1 did not see thee once 

During more than half the summer 

I have strolled along the sea coast. 

Over land with verdant hills. 

In quest of thee, friendly speaking one, 

As, by the cross, one seeks the Graal, 

Cedewain woods and valleys all. 

The Dhugoed and Cevn Digoll.^ 

But saw thee not, my liberal one. 

More than wrecks beneath the ocean ; 

I was angry for thy hiding. 

And for the barred door, and you yonder. 

I groan like one of the brindled oxen 

Ever without the name of Given. 

I call thee from above the vale of Dyfi ; 
Come, answer, respond to me ! 
It is David who will visit thee. 
Come, awake, and sleep no more ! 
A long sleep, longer than the nightingale, 
The sleep of Maelgwn at the head of the plain. 
If thou art still well, alive. 
Ignite, Griffith Vaughan, the fire. 
Thy death, well-formed one, so sudden. 
May God avenge thy fair brow ; 
No man even with a vengeful hand 
Could kill thee, but the demon of jealousy. 
By holy Peter, rise and look 

1 Third son of Sir Gruffydd Vychan. 

2 David Lloyd of Leighton, his eldest son. 

^ " There is a play upon the word ' byd,' meaning life, world, and 
goods, which cannot be followed in a translation." — H. W. Ll. 

^ Translated by the Rev. E,. Harries Jones, M.A. Yicar of Llan- 
idloes, from a transcription by Nicholas Bennet, Esq., of Glanrafon, 
Caersws. 

^ " The long mountain," which extends along the eastern border 
of the county from Chirbury to Alberbury. 



I 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 05 

To Gwern-y-goOj worthy Baron. 

Lie not in thy grave and stones 

In S. Mary's chanceP, my comely friend !^ 

See the course of fraud and fear 
To the Lord of Llai/ to the brave Lloyd. 
Six stags* are yonder hiding 
That were hunted in the " Black Ridge.^'^ 
Come, there are damsels and mead 
Awaiting thee — cease thy sleeping. 
Pleasant to the deer the verdant germ, 
Pleasant the past, pleasant the wine-feast ; 
Pleasant to sow to-day in Powys, 
Welcome as the Fleur-de-Lys. 
Easy now to bring a hundred complaints. 
Easy could I to-day weep a gallon. 
In Purgatory have I been seeing 
Saint Patric — were that any harm — 
Oftener my Lord, to you so dignified. 
Will I laugh with hearty feelings. 

Wretched man, let us reform ! 
Wretched remnants of Troja. 
That we knew not the treachery 
Of Saxons long ago ! It was madness ! 
The head of the Prince of Wales is in Builth — 
The head of Griiffud with the fine lurid spear of lightning; 
Vaughan, the active lion, — him they killed — 
The worthy knight with the arm of an impetuous thruster. 
A head of priceless value, 
A lovely head, like that of John,^ 
A fair head when presented — 
The Chief Judge of broad Powisland, 
A happy head, — a head that was deceived I 
My loved one, I did not advise 
Reliance on a Saxon^s word. 

Was not the safe-conduct detestable — 
When his head was killed from anger ? — 

^ In S. Mary's Church, Welshpool. ^ Or "my comely stag.'' 

3 " Leighton," the seat of David Lloyd, eldest son of Sir Griffith. 
He held the freehold, but was not strictly speaking Lord of Leigh- 
ton, which was a manor associated with Binweston, and held toge- 
ther as one knight's fee under the barony of Cans. 

* Probably referring to the six children of Sir Griffith. See 
below. 

^ In the parish of Chirbury. The Ridges, alias Bowdlers of the 
Ridge, entered their pedigree at the Herald's Visitation of Salop in 
1623. 6 ? John the Baptist. 



96 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

That safe-conduct whicli a double-tongued Earl broke^ 

Harry Grey — may he be long crucified ! 

There was a day — submissive now art thou — 

When I would not have wept on thy hearth, 

Unless I wept, mark of sorrow, 

For want of cheer and nourishment. 

It will arrive, after sorrow, that we shall have 

Eevenge for treachery we would avenge with the sword ! 

At the close of an eventful, chequered, and protracted 
life. Sir Griffith Yaughan came to a violent end under 
circumstances revolting alike to our modern notions of 
humanity and equity. He was suspected, says one 
account,^ " of holding correspondence with some adhe- 
rents of the house of York. This being insinuated to 
the Queen, Margaret of Anjou, and her Council, a 
Treasury warrant is said to have been sent to Henry 
Grey, Lord Powys, for the apprehension of Sir Griffith ; 
and, accordingly, under some pretence or other, the 
knight was summoned to appear at the castle of Pool. 
He at first demurred, but, on receiving what he con- 
sidered to be a " safe conduct," he resolved to confront 
his accusers ; but as soon as he arrived at the courtyard 
of the castle, he was apprehended, and, in the presence 
of Henry Grey, Lord Powys, beheaded on the spot 
" without judge or jury." 

It is clear, from the above, that the agent of his 
destruction, compassed by fraud and force, was Henry 
Grey, Earl of Tankerville and Lord of Powys. As no 
minutes of Council exist to give a colourable excuse for 
this act, " the demon of jealousy," rather than the exi- 
gencies of the State, must have influenced its author. 
It is elsewhere^ " suggested, as an additional motive for 
tJie summary manner in which Sir Griffin Yychan was 
executed, that his grandmother was an heiress, the 
fourth in descent from Gwenwynw}^, Prince of Powys, 
and that Sir Griffith, in consequence of this circum- 
stance, might have spoken arrogantly to some false 
friends of his right to a portion of the Lordship of 

^ "Feudal Barons of Powjs," bv Morris C. Jones, Esq., F.S.A., 
Mont, Coll., vol. i, pp. 335-6. " 2 Mont. Coll., vol. i, p. 338. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 97 

Powys, and this being repeated to Henry Grey, Lord 
Powys, might have excited him to commit this trea- 
cherous and cruel act." 

It has been before stated that his mother Mawd was 
the granddaughter of Wilham Coch, Lord of Mowddwy, 
ap Griffith, ap Prince Gwenwynwyn. The grand- 
mother of Margaret Broughton, his wife, was, it is 
said,^ Ellen, the daughter of Griffith ap Gwenwynwyn ; 
but such an indirect relationship was scarcely sufficient 
to excite any serious apprehension on the part of the 
" double-tongued Earl Harry Grey." Moreover, the 
lands of his mother and wife, who were both heiresses, 
were the only solid advantage to be derived from their 
relationship with the Convynian Princes of Powys. 
These he already possessed and transmitted to his des- 
cendants/ His claim to Powys rested not upon one of 
affinity to the Cynvynian Princes, but of direct male 
descent in his own person from the ancient Brochwellian 
Princes. The ''de jure" title of his ancestor, Brochwel 
ap Aeddan, Lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and Deuddwr, 
in the tenth century, to the crown of Powys, has been 
already shown. The evidences of Sir Griffith Vaughan's 
ancestry are conclusive up to the middle of the thirteenth 
century. Lewys Glyn Cothi, a poet chronicler, writing at 
the beginning of the fifteenth century, mentions in order, 
with particulars, the four ascending generations of his 
line, which are corroborated by an existing deed. If 
the accidental preservation of such a record serves to 
test the accuracy of the family genealogy as recorded 
by our Welsh bards and genealogists to the middle of 
the thirteenth century, the veracity of Lewys Glyn 
Cothi need not be questioned when he describes Sir 
Griffith Vaughan as of " Brochwel's lineage," either 
referring to Brochwel Ysgithrog,^ or, which is equally 

^ Mr. Joseph Morris's MS. Visitation of Salop, under " Broughton 
of Broughton and Home." 

2 The elegy on " Marwnad Syr GrufFydd Vychan o Bowys," is 
the first of the series under the heading, " Llwyth Brochwel Ysgi- 
throg" {Dosp., vi, p. 418. 

VOL. VI. H 



98 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

pertinent to the question, to Brocliwel ap Aeddan, as 
his ancestor. The same bard, in an ode to Sir Griffith's 
father, styles the latter, " Head of the Gwenwys," ^ or 
of the most influential sept of the tribe of Brochwel, 
deriving its name from Gwenwys, Imeally descended 
from Brochwel ap Aeddan. 

Bash as may have been his personal claim to princely 
rank or privilege, we have it on record that the con- 
current sentiment of his contemporaries favoured such 
a claim. Appositely, therefore, does his relative, David 
Lloyd of Mathavarn, describe his decapitation as that 
of 

" The golden-torqued,^' 

" The chief Judge of broad Powysland/^ 

and Lewys Glyn Cothi fittingly bewails the miseries 
and destitution that followed : 

" No churchj no market, no court, 
Nor aught beside now hath Powys. 
Gone is her name, her beloved. 
Her head, her owner, her guide.'' 

Sir Griffith Vaughan married Margaret,^ daughter 
and co-heir^ of Griffith ap Jenkin, of Broughton, Home, 
and Mochdre, ap John, ap Walter (living in 1 8th Edw. 
II), ap Walter de Broughton (also living in 18th Edw. 
II, 1325). The latter married Avicia,* daughter and 

* ^ r J)os;p., vi, No. 2, p. 424 

2 " The mother of the said Marg't vch Gr. of Broughton was 
Gwenhwyvar of Ouldbury, dau. and heir to David ap levan Goch 
of Ouldbury, lineally descended from Ednowen ap Bradwen, one of 
the fifteen tribes of North "Wales. Gu., three snakes no wed in tri- 
angle, ary (Salusbury de Erbistocke.) 

^ Her sisters and coheirs were Tanglwst, married to Maurice ap 
Madoc ap Einion of Mochdre. Their son, David, was the ancestor 
of the Prices of Newtown (Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol, i, pp. 301, 
314) ; and Als, married to David ap Howel of Arwystli. Margaret, 
their daughter and heir, married Ririd Middleton, the ancestor of 
the Middletons of Chirk Castle, Gwenynog, and Garthgynan, in 
Denbighshire {Ibid., vol. ii, p. 385). 

* Mr. J. Morris's MS, Visitation of Salop, under " Descent of 
Marg't Broughton, first wife of Sir G*^ Yychan." 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 99 

heir of Thomas de Winsbury, and had for his arms 
sa., a chevron between (by some omitted) three owls, 
an The sheriff of Shropshire is said to have notified 
the contents of the king's writ of 3d April, 1316, to 
Griffin (Yychan) de la Pole at his lands and tenements 
of " Dender in Powys by Edmund de Langedon and 
Walter de Burghton, in the presence of Peter Corbet 
and TJiomas de Wynneshury."^ They had issue,'* and 
probably the " six stags " of the elegy : 

I. David, "the Lord of Llai (Leighton), the brave 
Lloyd," of whom presently. 

II. Cadwalader, ancestor of the Lloyds of Maesmawr 
Trawscoed, Castelmoch, Rhandyr, etc.^ 

III. Reginald, ancestor of the Wynnes of Garth (now 
represented by the Myttons), and of Upper Broughton,"* 
and of the Lloyds of Broniarth and Gaervawr.^ 

I. Gwenhwyver, who married Griffith ap Aron ap 
Ednyved. 

II. Anne, who married Jeuan Vychan ap Jeuan ap 
Griffith of Llanuchllyn in Merionethshire, descended 
from Ririd Flaidd. Their son David was the ancestor 
of the Vaughans of Glanyllyn.^ 

III. Margaret, who married, first, Morys Ludlow ; 
and secondly. Sir Walter Inglis, Knight, " third son to 
Sir Rees."^ Sir Griffith married also Margaret, the 
daughter of Madoc of Hob, or Hope, probably near 
Worthin. On his death, in accordance with the dis- 
integrating system of gavelkind adopted by Welsh 
families, the following division of his lands took place : 
Those held under the Barony of Cans went to his eldest 

1 "Dissensio inter Johaii. de Charlton et Griffin de la Pole" 
{Mont OoZL, vol. i, p. 72). 

2 Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 276, n. 2. 
8 Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 399. 

* Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, pp. 328-9 ; Cedwyn MS., " Gaervawr in 
Gnilsfield ;" Salusbury de Erbistocke ; Mont. Coll., vol. iv, pp. 366, 
367. ^ Lewys Dwnn, vol. ii, pp. 229, 232, n. 4. 

6 Harl. MS., 1982, 1977, " Sir Griffith's children." Catherine, 
mentioned in Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 276, n. 2, was not his daughter, 
but his granddaughter. 

H 2 



100 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

son, David Lloyd of Leighton. Of his lands held in 
the lordship of Strata Marcella, under the Barony of 
Powys, Maesmawr and Trawscoed, in Guilsfield, went 
to Cadwalader, his second son. Garth, the family seat, 
with other lands in Guilsfield, in accordance with 
Welsh custom, went to Reginald, his youngest son. 
The latter also seems to have had (as it was enjoyed 
by his descendants) that half of Broniarth which Sir 
Griffith held of that lordship, already divided between 
the latter and his brother Jeuan, whose granddaughter 
and heiress, Mawd Lloyd, conveyed her half of Bro- 
niarth, on her marriage, to the ancestor of the Tanats/ 
David Lloyd of Leighton ap Sir Griffith Yaughan, 
married, first, Luesi^ or Lucy, heiress of Nantcribba, in 
the township of Wrobton and parish of Forden. Her 
father, Meredith ap Cadwalader ap Owen ap Meyrick 
ap Pasgen, was, like her husband, lineally descended 
from Brochwel Ysgithrog. This Meredith ap Cadwa- 
lader was likewise a feoffee of the Barony of Cans. 
Humphrey Stafford,^ Constable of England, sixth Earl 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. iv. p. 362. 

2 Lewys Dwnn's Visitation of Wales, vol. i, pp. 276, 289, 317. 
^ " Carta Meredith ap Cadwalader ap Owen. 

" Humfridus Dux de Bokyngham Oibz ad quos p'sens carta 
n'ra p'venit Salt'm. Sciatis nos p'fat'm Ducem dedisse concessisse 
et hac p'sent carta n'ra confirmasse dilecto tenenti et servient! n'ro 
Meredith ap Cadwaladr ap Owen et Gwenhoyvar uxor sue p' bono 
servico suo nobis impenso et impensar. oia ilia ter. et ten. p't. past, 
bosc. et pasc. c'm oibs suis p'tm qne nup' Howel ap Griffith ap Ri"^. 
tenuit de nobis infra domium n'rm Nethirgorthd'r et qui ad man us 
n'ras devenit ut esthaet tr' p' prefat. Howell obiit sine hered. de 
corp'e suo legitte p'creat ac oia alia tr. et tent, p't past. bosc. et 
pastur. queqondam deveniebant in manu n'rs post mortem David 
Sars ap David ap Eyn' sine heredd de corpe suo legitae p'creat in 
villat. de Wrohheton ac oia alia tr. et tent, que nobis deveniebant 
tarn' Eschaet q'm fforisfact. in dici villat. de Wrohheton una cum oia 
ilia tr. et libertatis cujusdam Meredith ap Madoc ap Howell ap Gr. 
Vyghn' quondam de Ov^garthor in d'mo n'ro p'dict bene et tenend. 
oia p'dict. tr. etc. C'm oibs suis p'tm et libertatibs p'fati Meredith 
et Gwenhoyvar uxor sue et Heredibs suis tam' muscul'n q'm 
feraell'n inter eos legittie p'create de nobis et hered. n'ris p. reddit 
inde debit, et consuet imp'p'etim. Et nos vo p'fat Dux et heredes 
ji'ri oia p'd tr. et len p.'"t past. bosc. et past, c'ra oibs suis p'tm et 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 101 

of Stafford, first Duke of Buckingham, and Baron of 
Caus, sixth in descent from Bobert de Stafford, who 
married AHce, daughter and eventual co-heiress of 
Sir Thomas Corbet, Baron of Caus, granted to his 
dearly beloved tenant and servant Meredith ap Cadwa- 
lader ap Owen and Gwenhoyvar his wife, and their 
heirs, male a.nd female, for ever, for their good services 
performed and to be performed, all the lands, fallen to 
the said Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham, by escheat 
forfeiture or otherwise, of Howell ap Griffith ap Birid, 
in our lordship of Nethirgorthor ; of David Sars ap 
David ap Einion, in the vill of Wrobbeton or Nant- 
eribba; and of Meredith ap Madoc ap Howell ap 
Griffith Vaughan, formerly of Overgorthwr, in our 
aforesaid Lordship. Given at our Castle of Caus, 9th 
February, 24 Henry YI, 1446. This charter was 
confirmed by Henry Lord Stafford, Baron of Caus, and 
enrolled by Bobert Lloyd of Pool and Nantcribba, son 
of David Lloyd Vaughan of Marrington, on 8th June, 
35 Henry YIII, 1543.' 

David Lloyd of Leighton, by his wife Lucy had 
David Lloyd Vaughan, jure uxoris of Marrington or 
Havodwen, of whom presently, and among other issue 
three daughters: 

I. Catherine, who married Edward Hopton de Bockhill, 

libertatibs p'fate Meredith ap Cadwaladr et Gwenhoyver uxor sue 
et heredibs suis etc. Contra omnes gentes * * 

" In cuius rei testiom huic p'sent carte Sigillm n'rm fecimus 
Appon'e hiis testib's Will'mo Boerley t'nc Senescall n'ro ib'm John 
Woddton Clico Receptor n'ro Johne Marshall Constabular. Cast, 
n'ri ib'm David ap Gruffith ap leu'n ap Rirce Howell ap leuan ap 
Eyn c'm multis Aliis. Dat. ap'd Cast'm n'rm de Caurs nono die 
ffebruar Anno regni Regis Henrici sexti post conquest'm vicesimo 
q'rto" {North Wales Enrolments, Montgomeryshire, Spring Gardens, 
London, vol. vi, fo. 73). The above charter was confirmed by 
Henry, Lord Stafford. 

1 In the Index to the North Wales Enrolments, at the Land 
Revenue Rolls, Spring Gardens, Henry, Lord Stafford's confirma- 
tion is erroneously dated 8th June, 35th Eliz., and the enrolment 
of Meredith ap Cadwallader ap Owen's charter, 9th February, 24th 
Eliz.. (See Mont Coll., vol. iv, p. 261.) 



102 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIEE. 

son of Thomas Hopton de Rockhill.-^ Their great grand- 
son, Edward Hopton of Chirbury, had a grant, 37 Henry 
VIII, of the site of Chirbury Priory. 

II. Gwenhwyvar, who married William ap David of 
Willaston, and was mother of Reginald Williams of 
Willaston, sheriff in 1546. 

III. Catherine, who married "Edward Bewpy of 
Poole. "^ They had issue Oliver Bewpy, who died o.s.p. 
Anne Bewpy, married to John Harp, and Maud Bewpy, 
who married, " first, Mr. Bradford, by whom she had 
Edward Bradford, and a daughter married to Mr. 
Andrew Sunnybank, goldsmith. She married, secondly, 
John Hopton, father to Edward Hopton, father to 
William Hopton,^ father to Sir Richard Hopton, Knt., 
and Edward Hopton, Esq. 

" These notes were had at Owlberry, drawn in a 
table by Richard Lloyd of Marrington, Esq."^ 

*' On the dissolution of the Priory of Chirbury the 
king, 37th Henry VIII, 1545, granted to Edward 
Hopton and Elizabeth (fil Humfri Wolrich de Dudmas- 
ton^) his wife, domum et situm nuper monasterii de 
Chirbury for their lives, the remainder to the heirs of 
the said Edward for ever."^ 

David Lloyd ap Sir Griffith Vaughan married, 
secondly, Elen, the daughter of Jenkin Kynaston of 
Stokes, ap Griffith, ap Jenkin Kynaston. Jenkin 
Kynaston, the father of Elen, had a brother. Sir Roger 
Kynaston, Knight, who married Elizabeth, the daughter 
of Henry Grey, Earl of Tankerville, and widow of 
Lord Strange of Knockon.^ By EUen he had 

1 Visitation of Salop, 1584 ; Earl MS., 1396, " Hopton of Rook- 
hill." Thomas Hopton de Rochnl, in 1431, was joint patron of 
Sheinton (Eyton's Ant., vol. vi, p. 220, n. 22). 

2 Cedwyn MS., under Sir Gruffijdd Vychan's Family continued, 

^ "Dorothea Hopton, wife of William Hopton of Chirbury. 
Sepult. 18 December, 1630" (Chirbury Register). 

* Herald's Visitation of Salop, 1584, "Hopton de Rockhill." 
("Porkyll," Cedwyn MS.), in Com. Salop et de Chirbury. 

^ Duke's Antiq. of Salop, p. 125. 

6 Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, pp. 289, n. 2 } 326, n. 10. In 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 103 

I. Humphrey Lloyd of Leighton, seneschal of the 
Barony of Cans to Edward Stafford, Duke of Bucking- 
ham, and to his son Henry, Lord Stafford, seneschal of 
the Court, and receiver of the lands of the Abbey of 
Strata Marcella, and first sheriff of the County of 
Montgomery.-^ 

II. " Roger Lloyd of Trallonge " or Welshpool, who 
married, 1st, "Katherine, daughter of John ap Howell 
of Trallonge," by whom he had Piers Lloyd, 7th on the 
Grand Jury at the Montgomeryshire Assizes, 2-3 Eliz., 
and as " Petrus Lloyd de Pola, gen., " on a jury 14th 
Eliz.,^ and 2ndly, a daughter of John Perrott of Here- 
ford, by whom he had "Bichard Lloyd of Trallonge,'^ 
on the Grand Jury, 2nd Eliz. 

III. Edward Lloyd of Gun grog Vawr.^ He married 
Jane, daughter of Howell Vaughan, ap Howell, ap 
Gruffydd, ap Jenkin of Llwydiarth, by whom he had 
"David Lloyd ap Edward senior, gent.," who appears 
4th on the Grand Jury for the county at the Assizes, 
2-3 Eliz. The latter, by his wife Lowry, daughter of 
Hugh ap leuan ap William of Hope, had *' Oliverus 
Lloyd de Gyngrog gen," 4th on the Grand Jury at the 
county Assizes, 34 Eliz.^ 

I. Anne, who married William Corbett of Worthyn. 

II, " Elen^, verch David Lloyd ap Sr. Gruff Vaughan, 
Kt." married Hugh Porter, ap Pierce ap Pierce Porter. 

the Kynasfcon pedigree, Herald's Visitation of Salop, 1584, Earl. 
MS., 1241, fo. 53, the daughter of Jenkyn Kynaston of Stokes, who 
married " David Lloyd ap Sr. Gruff, of Leighton," is called Jane. 
^ See Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 212. 

2 Ibid., vol. iii, p. 129 ; Harl MS., 1982. 

3 For his descendants, see the Cedivijn MS., " Gungrog Yawr." 
He, as " Edward Lloid de Pole, gen.," was third on the grand jury 
for the county at the assizes, 34 Henry VllI, 1543 (Mont. Coll., 
vol. ii, p. 374). 

4 Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 129. 

5 Ihid., vol. iv, p. 257, and n. 2 ; and Cedwyn MS.;' under " Yr 
H6b." 

6 Her husband was beheaded. Her issue by him were Philip, 
John, and Anne, who first married John ap Evan ap Griffith of 
Whittington, and then Howell ap Evan Lloyd. Hugh Porter's 



104 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

David Lloyd ap Sir Griffith Yaughan had also the 
following illegitimate issue : 

John Lloyd of Leighton, who probably as " Jeu'n ap 
D. D. Lloyd, gent." appears 5th on the Grand Jury at 
the Montgomeryshire Assizes, 37 Hen. YIII, 1545. 
His grandson, " Oliverus ap Roger ap John Lloyd de 
Leighton," appears on a jury 33 Eliz., 1590. His 
brother, " David Lloyd ap Roger ap John Lloyd of 
Leighton, in the countie of Montgomery e, ap David 
Lloyd ap Sir Griffith Vaughan, Knight," entered his 
pedigree at the Herald's visitation of Salop in 1623.^ 

I. Lowry, married to Richard Pen of Stockton, in 
the parish of Chirbury. Their daughter Elizabeth 
married Ririd Middleton, surnamed Goch.^ 

II. Als, or AHce, who married ''John Walcott of 
Walcott ap Sir Phil. Walcott, Knt."^ 

The Cedivyn MS. gives her two other husbands. 
1st. Evan Goch ap Owen ap Llewellyn Moel ; 2nd, 
David ap leuan Teg (of Meivod) ap Deio ap Llewelyn 
ap Einion ap Kelynin. 

David Lloyd ap Sir Gryffith Vaughan died in 1497,* 
leaving an ample estate, whose fragments were soon to 
be contended for in the law courts of Powysland by 
his grand-children, the issue of his sons by his two 
wives. Evidence is supplied of the miserable effects 
of the law of gavel-kind in its estrangement of families, 
by the following extracts from the most ancient plea 

uncle John (ap) Pierce was prior of Chirbury. See Lewys Dwnn's 
Visitation^ vol. i, p. 297. Lewys Dwnn is here again confirmed by 
the discovery of an enrolled grant or lease, in the Land Revenue 
Rolls, Spring Gardens, London, from this prior of Chirbury, of the 
manor called " Court Caldemore." " Hie indentur fact. 18 Feb. 
8 Hen. VIII, inter Johan'm piers prior, priorat. de Churbury et 
ejusdem loci convent, ex una p'te. Et David ap Owen ap DD. ap 
Mered. ex alter p'te." For David ap Owen, see Llandissilio Eulch- 
dijn, Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 322. 

^ Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 253, n. 1. 2 Cedwyn MS, 

^ Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. Ill; Visitation of Saloj), 
A.D. 1684 ; Earl. MS., 1241, fo. 97. 

^ Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. 325, under " Longford of 
AUington and Ruthyn." 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 105 

roll/ or record of suits, relating to Powysland after its 
being constituted the county of Montgomery. A con- 
siderable portion of this roll records the internecine legal 
contention of the " Lloyd " family respecting their in- 
heritances " de tenura et natura de Gavelkyde/' in 
"Pole," " Hope," near Worthyn, *'Argyngrog," "Gyng- 
rog Yaur," in the parish of Pool, " Gyngrog Yech'n," 
in the parish of Guilsfield ; and " Gwerne-y-goo,"^ a 
pleasant resort of Sir Griffith Yaughan, in the parish 
of Kerry, to which David Lloyd of Mathavarn thus 
directs his departed spirit from his tomb in the chancel 
of Welshpool church : 

^^ By holy Peter, rise and look 
To Gwern-y-Goo, worthy Baron ; 
Lie not in thy grave and stones 
In St. Mary^s chancel, my comely friend !" 

Uotul} de Cartis Scri'pt et fleciomhs cong. et Allocat. coram 
Justic. etc. Ad sessionem suVdiam i.e. 

Plica apud Mountgomery coram Roberto TownsJiende milit. 
Justic. D'mi Eegis magni sessionis die Com. Mountgomery ad 
magnam sessionem dci d'm. Regis Com. p'di tentam apud 
Mountgomery pMcam die lune t^cio decimo die Septembris 
anno regni Henrici octavo Dei gra. Anglie Ffranc. et hib'nie 
Eegis fidei defensoris et in t'ra ecc'lie anglicanas et hib^ne 
supim capitis tricesimo octavo. 

Mountgomery. SS. Qd Oliuus Lloid Roh'tus Lloid et Ricus 
Lloid scMm formam statuti Ruthlan pet. v'sus David Lloid ap 
Edward unm mesuagm mediatatem * molendini aquatici grana- 
tici ducent acr. tre octo acr. p^ti quadraginta acr. pasturi 
viginti acr. bosci c'm p'tm in pole et Argyngrog ut jus et 
hereditat. suom Exunde die q'd quidam David Lloid Vaugh'* 
pater pMtor. Oliveri, RoUi et Rid unius cohered ipi sunt 
fuit seit de ten et medietate p'dtis cum p'tm in D^mco suo ut 
de feodo et m're tempore pacis tempore d'm Regis nunc 
capiend inde ex'ples ad valens de Et de ipo David Lloid 
Vaughan eo q'd ten pMcta tunc p'tm sunt de tenura et natura 
de Qavelkyde in com. p'dto. 

1 It is now at the Record Office, Fetter Lane, London, and enrols 
pleas from the 32-38 Henry VIII, a.d. 1540-6. 

2 Jane, daughter of Maurice ap John Lloyd of Gwernygo, mar- 
ried Morgan ap Evan of Mochdre, and had " David Morgan de 
Moughtre, gen.," a juror 39th Eliz. (Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 301 ; 
Alont. Coll, vol. iv. p. 27(5). 



106 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Mountgomery. SS. OUverus Lloid B^oVtus Lloid et Bicus 
Lloid in p'priis p^sonis suis p^ bre D'ni Eegis de quod eis 
defors p^ testand p' sig'm bre illud in forma et natura bres 
Dei Regis de r'to ra ad c'oem legem scMm formam statuti 
Ruthlan pet v^sus Humfrm Lloide Armig'um dimidietatem 
unius burgagii un^m gardn'm octoginti acr. tre quinq acr. p^ti 
viginti acr. pasturi sex acr. bosci cum p'tm in Pole et Hope ut 
jus et hereditatem suom etc Ex unde die qM quidam David 
Lloid Vaughan pater p^dictors OlivH BohHi et Bid unius coheridi 
ipi sunt fuit seit de demidietat et ten p'dtis cum p'tm in D'mco 
suo ut de feodo m^re tempore pacis tempore d^m Regis nunc 
capiend inde exples ad valens et. Et de ipso David Lloid eo q'd 
ten pMta cum p'tm sunt de tenura et natura de Gavelhinde in 
com pMto et qM omia ter et ten ejusdem tenure et nature sunt 
ac a tempore * contra memoria hom. non existit fuerint int' 
bered. mascul partit et parti tit (?) descend mo et jus etc. istis 
Oliv'o Bohto et Bico qui nunc pet ut fil. et bered. etc. * 

Et p'dtus Humfrus p^ Nich'm Derden attorn, suum ven. et 
defend jus pMtors Oliv'i Bohti et Bid et semam. 

Sumfr^us Lloyde Armig' polo so (i.e. ponit loco suo) Nichum 
Derden v^sus Oliv'm Lloid Bohtum Lloid et Bic'm Lloide in 
plito tre. 

" Edwardus Lloid et Humphrus ap John Wynne'^^ bad a 
suit against '^ Edward Lloid Qt Bic'm ap Boger Lloid" concern- 
ing "unm mesuag^m quadraginta acr. tre septem acr. p'ti 
decem acr. pasturi et decem acras bosci et subbosci tum p^tm 
in Giverne y goo Gyngrog Vaur et Gyngrog Vechn," entered in 
the same. 

The family pedigree will explain the relationship of 
the parties to the suits : 

Lucy (1st wife), dau. and lieir=F David Lloyd (ap Sir^Elen (2nd wife), dau. 
of Meredith ap Cadwallader I Griffith. Vaughan) of I of Jenkyn Kynas- 
o f Nantcribba. j Leighton, oh. 1497. | ton of Stokes. 

David Lloyd T Margaret Middle- Humphrey Roger =f Edward Lloyd ^ 

Vaughan. ton, heiress of Lloyd of Lloyd. | of Gungrog I 

I Marrington. Leig hton. | Vawr (senior), i 

John Lloyd Oliver Lloyd, Robert Richard, Edward Richard David 

Prior of succeeded to Lloyd died Lloyd, Lloyd, Lloyd. 

Chirbury Marrington. of Pool o.s.p. junior, grand 

Priory. and juror, 

Nantcribba. 2 Eliz. 

^ Humpbrey ap John Wynn was of Garth, and the great grandson 
of Reginald of Garth, youngest son of Sir Griffith Vaughan, knight 
banneret (see Mont. Coll., vol. iii, pp. 119, 144, and notes). 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 107 

David Lloyd Yychan, lord of the manor of Har- 
rington, ap David Lloyd ap Sir Griffith Yychan Knight 
Banneret, was the second of his Hne who adopted the 
surname of "Lloyd," and the first of our sheriff's family 
who settled in the parish of Chirbury. This, as we 
have already seen, was owing to his marriage with 
Margaret Middleton, the heiress of Harrington. On 
the resubdivision of his father's estates he succeeded to 
the lands in Overgorther, with Nantcribba as a re- 
sidence, and to those in the lordship of Nethergorther, 
derived from his mother Lucy, daughter and heiress of 
Heredith ap Cadwalader ap Owen of Nantcribba, 
also to a half-share of lands in Gungrog, Hope, and 
Pool. Leighton and the other estates in the barony of 
Cans, devolved upon his half-brother Humphrey Lloyd, 
sheriff in 1540-1. He had issue by Hargaret Hiddle- 
ton ^— 

I. John Lloyd, his eldest son, prior of Chirbury 
Priory. 

II. Oliver Lloyd, who succeeded to the manor of 
Harrington, of whom presently. 

III. Robert Lloyd of Welshpool and Nantcribba suc- 
ceeded to the inheritance of his grandmother Lucy, 
viz., four gavels and the fourth part of twenty gavels 
of land in the vill of Wrohton, and other gavels of land 
in the same vill called Duppas-land, or Teir hedo 
Duppa, which constituted the Nantcribba estate ; also 
other gavels of land in the vill of Criggion called Teir 
Howell ap Griffith ap Redith.^ For these lands he paid 

^ The particulars of descents of the Marrington branch are de- 
rived from the following sources, viz. : Mr. Joseph Morris's MS. 
Visitation of Salop, a.d. 1564, 1584, and that by Robert Treswell, 
Somerset Herald, and Augustine Vincent, Rouge Croix Pursuivant, 
Marshalls and Deputies to Wm. Camden, Clarencieux King at 
Arms, A.D. 1623. Also the Earl. M8S., 615, fo. 242 b ; 1241, fo. 
3 h ; 1472, fo. 18 ; 1982, fo. 151, etc., under " Lloyd of Marring- 
ton and Havodwen." 

2 " Montgomery. Sciant p'sentes et futuri q'd Ego Henricus 
D'ns Stafford et D'ns de Cans cm Membris Ac D'na Ursula uxor 
mea dedimus et confirniavimus Roberto Lloid ville de Fola in d'mo 
de Powse in Com. de Montgom. gen'os p' viginti tres libs * quatuor 



108 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. f 

a relief of twenty-three pounds to his seigneural lord, 
Henry Lord Stafford, Baron of Cans, who, by charter 
bearing date at Cans Castle, 8th June, 35 Henry YIII, 
1543, confirmed these lands to him and to his heirs 
male for ever, at which time was enrolled the charter 
before referred to, as granted to his great-grandfather 
Meredith ap Cadwalader by Humphrey Stafford, Duke 
of Buckingham. 

It is here worthy of remark that Bobert Lloyd's 
confirmation grant is tested *' Henrico Stafford pri- 
mogenit. dicti Henr. D'm Stafford et d'ne Ursula con- 
sorte sue." The peerages take no notice of this " first- 
born " Henry Stafford, but give the succession of the 
barony of Stafford to Edward his brother. The for- 
mer nevertheless also appears as " Henricus Staf- 
ford, armiger," on our roll of magistrates, 1st Mary, 
1554; and it is doubtless he who appears as "Henricus 
Stafford miles" on the roll 2 and 3 Eliz. 1560-1, and as 
"Henricus Dominus Stafford" on our roll of magis- 
trates 4 and 5 Eliz. 1562. Edward Leighton is men- 
tioned in this year as chief steward "Henrico d'mo de 
Stafford de D'mio suo de Cawrse." In 8th Eliz. 1565, 
Edward Leighton is described as chief steward " D'no 
Stafford," the Christian name being omitted ; but in 
10th Eliz. 1567, we find Edward Leighton chief steward 
'' Edwardo D'no Stafordio de domio suo de Cause." 
The above not only shows that the elder brother Henry 
was Baron of Cans, but also reconciles the apparent con- 

gavellas et quarta parte ving. gavelle terre * in villa de Wrolton in 
domo de Ov'gorthor in Com. p't q'lDdam in tenura Meredith ap Cad- 
walator et nup' in occupacio'e Johnis Porter c'm alia gavella terre in 
eadem villa vocat Dujpjpas land aut teir hedo DuiJjpa et alium gavella 
ter. jacen. * in villa de Grugion in d'mo n'ro de Neythergarther vocsit 
teir Howell ajp Gruffith ap Bedith Habend * p'fato Boherto Lloid et 
hered suis mascnlis de corpore suo I'tie procreat inp'p'tim Red- 
dend * quinquagint. solid tres denarios et unum obuln * Hiis 
testibus Henrico Stafford primogenit. dicti Henr. d'm Stafford et 
D'ne Ursula consorti sue Humfrido Welles Armig'o de concilio 
dicti d'm et Reginaldo Williams Armig'o deputat. dicti Henric. 
Stafford capitalis Seu'^ dictor'm d'mor'm de Cans c'm membris 
Dat. apud Castr'm de Cans 8 Junii 35 Hen. VIII" (North Wales 
Enrolments^ Spring Gardens, London, vol. vi, fo. 73). 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 109 

tradiction that the Pontesbuiy register gives to the 
peerages, Le Clerc, and Walpole, as regards the date of 
the death of Henry Lord Stafford, the father of Henry 
and Edward, Lords Stafford. The date 1558, given 
by Walpole, is that of the father's death. The follow- 
ing entry in the Pontesbury register, under the 8th 
May, 1563, doubtless records the burial of the son. 
" Honorificabilis dominus Dominus Henricus Baro de 
Stafford sepultus apud Worthin."^ Henry Lord Staf- 
ford probably died without issue, and was therefore 
succeeded in the barony by his next brother Edward. 

" Eob'tus Lloid gent." was fifth on the grand jury 
at the Montgomeryshire assizes, 17 Sept., 35th Henry 
VIII, 1543. As "Eobert Lloid de Pola Esquire," he 
-was foreman " Inquisicio p' Burgag " at the assizes, 
2 and 3 Eliz. 1560. He was twice married.^ By his 
first wife Margaret, daughter and heiress of Beginald 
ap David, descended from Alo of Powys, he had 

I. "Bogerus Lloyd de Wropton ' (Nantcribba),genos," 
on the grand jury at the county assizes, 2 and 3 Eliz. 
1560-1. He was succeeded at Nantcribba by his son 
" Eichard Lloyd de Wropton, gen'os " on the grand 
jury, 13 Eliz. 1571. 

II. "David Lloyd ap Bobert, genos" was baihff of 
Pool with Howel Porter in 8 Eliz., 1566. As "David 
Lloyd ap Bobert de Hope, gen'os" he occurs at the 
assizes, 13th, 14th, and 19th Eliz. He married Mallt, 
daughter of John ap Meredith ap Bees of Glanmeheli, 
by whom he had Oliver Lloyd, Ales, the wife of John 
Jones, Elizabeth, Jane, and Mary. 

^ See Owen and Blake way's Hist, of Shrewsbury^ vol. i, p. 352, 
note 1. 

2 For the following issue by both his wives, see Lewys Dwnn's 
Vis. of Wales, nnder " Welch Pool and Nant Criba," temp. Hen. V, 
vol. i, p. 276. The line of the Wropton, or Nantcribba, family, is 
there continued down to Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Lloyd ap 
Theophilus Lloyd ap Richard Lloyd of Wrobton. The will of 
*' EHzabeth Lloyd of Nantcribba" bears date, 19th April, 1668. 
Mention is therein made of " Mr. John Purcell," whose father, 
Edward Purcell of Wropton, sheriff in 1625, was the first of his 
family so domiciled. 



110 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

III. Maurice Lloyd ap Robert went to Bristol. 

IV. "Rowland Lloid, gent.," appears on the same 
jury of which his father was foreman, 2 and 3 Eliz. 
He also occurs as Roland Lloid de Pola, gent., at the 
assizes 14th Eliz. He married Jane, daughter of 
Wm. ap Reynold, by whom he had Catherine. He mar- 
ried secondly "Elizabeth, daughter of Griffith Nanney 
of Nanney, Esqr.," and their children were — i. Robert 
Lloyd; ii. John Lloyd; iii. Humphrey Lloyd ; Jane and 
Margaret. 

We have already seen an inquisition^ taken at Pool 
20th September, 1608; also a letter^ from King James, 
of the 25th September, 1608, respecting the claim of 
the celebrated " Mr. Harvey, the Q's (Queen's) sur- 
geon," and " his partner, Robert Lloyd," to the " Crig- 
gion Moores," the '^Brithin Forrest," and the *' Gayer 
mill in Thornbury." In the year 1609, we gather from 
the following that '' Thomas Pursell, Esquier,'' the 
grandson of Nicolas Purcell, sheriff in 1553, and him- 
self sheriff in 1597, claimed rights in the manor of 
Overgorther, which seem to have been of the inherit- 
ance of this Robert Lloyd ap Rowland.^ 

'^ Se. EgGER WlLBRAHAM TO THE EaRL OF SALISBURY. 

" To the Right honourable Rob^t. Earle of Salisburie, Lord 
High Treasurer of England, 

*^ The humble petition of Thos' Pursell Esquier, humblie 
sheweth unto yo'^ good Lo'p: that y^r Peticioner according to 
His Ma.t's proclamacon is come latelie up to London to attend 
the Commissioners for defective titles to his great charge, and 
now heareth that one E-ob^t Lloyd esquier hath a grant of a 
lease, called Gayer Milne being p^cell of his inheritance within 
the manor of Overgortheur. 

^^ Humbly desireth yo^r Lp. that he may have the pTerm' 
thereof before the said Lloyd, and that the said Lloyd^s lease 
maie stai from being sealed until y'r supplte have his patent 
first sealed w^h y'r supplte will not delaie but precede w^h all 
spede. And he shall according to his bounden duty daily praie 
for y'r Lo'p^s healthe and all honour long to continue.^^ 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. ii, pp. 218-222. 

^ Domestic Calendar of State Pa/pers, Record OflSce, under a.d. 
1609. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. Ill 

Endorsement, 

'^ Mr Attorney and Mr Solicitor to consider of this, and to 
proceed with this gent, according to the generall direction in 
copv of concealments whether they see cause to the contrary. 
23 May 1609. '^R. Salisbuey.^' 

Eobert Lloyd of Nantcribba, tbird son of David 
Lloyd Yaugban of Marrington, married secondly Jane, 
daugbter of Jobn Conway of Bodtryddan, in tbe county 
of Flint, by Elizabetb, daugbter of Sir Tbomas Hanmer, 
Knigbt,^ and bad issue Oliver Lloyd, Eondle Lloyd, 
Eeynold Lloyd, Ales, and Anne. 

IV. Kicbard Lloyd, fourtb son of David Lloyd 
Vaugban of Marrington, died young witbout issue. 
According to tbe plea roll, 33 and 38 Henry VIII^ 
be, witb bis brotbers Oliver and Robert, claimed, by 
law of gavelkind, sbares of land in " Argyngrog * Pola 
et Hope, * ut jus et bereditate David Lloid Vaugb n 
pater p'dtor. Oliveri Eob'ti et Eic'i," as against tbeir 
uncle Humfrus Lloyde Armig' and tbeir cousin David 
Lloid ap Edward. Tbe daugbters of David Lloyd 
Yaugban of Marrington were, 

I. Lucy, wbo married first Walter Bowdler, alias 
Eidge, of tbe Eidge, parisb of Cbirbury. He was 
ODO of "ye 19 witnesses y* was witb Margaret Midle- 
ton'^ above. And secondly, Morris ap Jobn Lloyd of 
Gwernygo,^ in tbe parisb of Kerry. 

II. Jane, wbo married David Gocb, ap David ap 
Mattbew of Pool. 

III. Ellen, wbo married Hugb ap Lewys Yy cban ap 
Griffitb ap Howell ap David of Cburcbstoke. 

Jobn Lloyd, tbe eldest son of David Lloyd Yaugban, 
baving adopted tbe cowl as Prior of Cbirbury, bis 
estates went to bis next brotber. 

Oliver Lloyd, lord of tbe manor of Marrington, 
mentioned in tbe plea roll 33-38 Henry YIIL He 
married Gwenllian, tbe daugbter of Griffitb ap Howell, 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 129, n. 5. 

2 Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 301. 



112 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

ap Jeuan Blayney of Gregynog. This Griffith ap 
Howell had a grant from Richard, Abbot of the monas- 
tery of the Blessed Mary of Strata Florida, on the 2d 
November, 13 Henry VIII., 1521, of a grange called 
'' Gelynnock," with appurtenances in the parishes of 
'' Gregynog " and " Haberhaves," for ninety-nine years, 
at 6s. Sd. rent.^ 

In the 32 Henry YIII, 1540, Griffith ap Howell, 
ap Jeuan Blayney, farmed the crown lands in 
*' Manavon et al's."^ His uncles were Owen of Aber- 
bechan, and Griffith ap Jeuan Blayney of Gregynog, 
to whom Lewys Glyn Cothi has addressed an ode. 
Griffith ap Howel was the ancestor of the Prices of 
Manavon, and his brother, Owen ap Howel, of the 
Blayney s of Ystymgwen.^ 

" Ric'us (Biceus) Wyn ap Gruff, ap Hoell de Mynavon, 
geno's," the brother of Gwenllian, appears on a jury at 
the Montgomeryshire Assizes, held at Pool, 27th July, 
37 Henry YIII, 1545.* These Blayneys were de- 
scended from Owen ap Rhodri, ap Gwaeddan, ap 
Brochwel, ap Aeddan. 

Oliver Lloyd and GwenlHan Blayney had issue — 

I. Richard Lloyd, lord of the manor of Marrington, 
of whom presently. 

II. Edmond, or Hugh, Lloyd, of "the Swan," Ludlow. 

III. William Lloyd of Sneade. 

IV. Humphrey Lloyd, who died young. 

V. Ludovick Lloyd, sergeant-at-arms to Queen Eliza- 
beth, in which capacity he is described in a grant made 
to him of the Chapel and Tythes of Forden by Queen 
Elizabeth, dated from "our Palace of Greenwich," 31st 
May, 29 Eliz., 1587. *'The said Ludovick Lloyd, his 
executors and assigns, to finde and provyde one sufficient 
and fitt chapleyne to celebrate divine service, and to 
take the cure of soules in the said ChapeU of Ffording 

^ Enrolled at the Land Revenue Rolls, Spring Gardens. Mont. 
Coll., vol. ii, p. 368. 2 j}^fQnt Colly vol. i, p. 368. 

3 Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 284. * Mont. Coll., vol. i, p. 380. 

5 Ibid.j vol. iii, pp. 324-5, n. 4. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIEE, 113 

yerely." " Lodwic Lloyd, sergeant-at-arms in the reign 
of Elizabeth," is mentioned in the introduction^ to Sir 
Samuel Meyrick's Lewys Dwnn^s Visitations as a dis- 
tinguished herald. 

VI. " Richard Lloyd, junior." 

The daughters of Oliver Lloyd and Gwenllian 
Blayney were — 

I. Catherine, who married Jeuan, ap John, ap E-obin, 
ap Jeuan, ap Jorweth. 

II. Gwen, who married Thomas Bray of Marton, in 
the parish of Chirbury, ap Hugh Bray, ap John Bray, 
ap David Bray.^ In 1564, ^'Thomas Bray of Marton" 
and others, " some of them being then four score years 
of age," witnessed the " anciente tythe customes " of 
the parish of Chirbury. His brother-in-law, " Bicha,rd 
Lloyd, ar.," heads the list of witnesses.^ Gwen was the 
maternal ancestress of the celebrated Dr. Thomas Bray, 
promoter of the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts, born at Marton, and baptized 
at Chirbury, 2nd May, 1658. 

III. Maud, who married " John Young, ap David 
Young of Moors, near Leddome" (? the More, near 
Lydham). 

IV. Florence, who married Bichard, ap David, ap 
David of Montgomery. 

V. Catherine, who married Richard Meridan, ap 
Thomas Meridan of Worcester. 

VI. Gwenllian, who married Richard, ap Richard, ap 
Griffith, ap John of Clynbry. (? Clunbury). 

Oliver Lloyd was succeeded by his eldest son, 
Richard Lloyd, lord of the manor of Marrington. 
He married Lucy, daughter of Richard Powell of 
Ednop, sergeant-at-arms to King Henry YIII, and 
Sherifi'of Montgomeryshire in 1554-5/ 



' P. xii. 

2 Called "John Bray Vychan" in Mr. Joseph Morris's MS. 
Visitation, " Lloyd of Marrington." 

^ Lloyd MS. (Chirbury Parish Records). 
* Mont Coll., vol. iii, p. 333. 
VOL. VI. I 



114 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

On the authority of our great herald, Lewys Dwnu, 
it has been stated that Eichard Powel of Ednop was 
master-at-arms to Henry VIII. ^ His accuracy is a^ain 
confirmed by the enrolled^ letters patent, dated at 
Westminster, 10th January, 33 Henry YIII, 1542, 
granting to Richard Powell the chief forestership of 
"Kerry, Llanllohairn et Tregennon in Com. Mont.," to 
be held by deputy optionally, instead of " Edmundus 
Turner, defunctus." They run thus : — 

" Henricus octavus dei gra * Sciate qd de gra nra special 
in consideratione et fidelis servicii p^ dilectim servientem n'rm 
Kichardm ap Hoell unm valecte gardi nri * *.'^ 

In the charter by which Queen Mary, in the first 
year of her reign, grants to John ap Rice "terras 
dominical, de Dolvoren in Llanlloughairon infra dom'm 
de Kedewen ad tunc nup' in occupancio'e Griffith ap 
Hoell ap Jeiin Blane et Johes ap David Vaughan et 
terras dominical, de Manavon, Ealtissa, et hughaldref 
in Tregennon infra dom'm pred. p'cell terr. nup' comite 
Marchie in Marchiis Wallis." The Queen states that 
the above had been formerly granted by Henry VIII. , 
Rico ap Hoivell uni valectorm gardi dci patris mi, for 
twenty-one years, and that the court officers who had 
executed the grant were Johes Daunce, miles, Ricus 
Pollard, armiger, chief remembrancer of the Exchequer 
to King Henry YIII, and Thomas Moyle, armig., con- 
siliar et generalis supervisoris terra m.^ Gwenllian, 
the daughter of the Griffith ap Hoell ap Jeun Blane 
mentioned above, was the mother of Hichard Lloyd. 

Lewis Dwnn gives, among the " Names of the aris- 
tocracy, by whom I was permitted to see old records 
and books from religious houses, that had been written 
and their materials collected by abbots and priors,"^ 

1 Mo7it. Coll., vol. iii, p. 384. 
- 2 At the Land Revenue Rolls, Spring Gardens, London, vol. ii, 
fo. 3, North Wales. 

^ North Wales Enrolments, vol. v, fo. 135, Spring Gardens, 
London. 

■* Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. 8. 



SHEEIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 115 

those of *' Richard Lloyd of Havodwen, Esq., and 
" Richard Powell of Ednop, Esq.'' 

In the 1st Mary, 1554, the year when his father-in- 
law, Richard Powell, was Sheriff of Montgomeryshire, 
he, as "Ric us Lloid de Marinton, gent.,'' appears as fore- 
man of the Grand Jury of Inquisition at the Sessions 
held at Montgomery.^ In the minister's accounts of 
the 1st Mary, he appears as farmer, under the Crown, 
of the chapel and tithes of For den parish, which, we 
have seen, were subsequently granted to his younger 
brother Ludovic. 

In 6th Elizabeth, 1564, " Richard Lloyd, ar.," appears 
as the first witness of the " ancient tythe customs of 
Chirbury parish." 

He appears on the rolls of magistrates for the 
county of Montgomery, from the 1st to the 12th 
Elizabeth.^ His last recorded magisterial act was on 
the 26th June, 12th Elizabeth, 1570, when a deposi- 
tion was received at Pool, " coram Richardo Lloyd et 
Edmundo Lloyd (Maesmawr) armigeris duobs justic. 
pacis Dne. Reg. Com. Montgomery." 

According to his inquisitio post mortem, taken at Salop 
in the 13th Elizabeth, he died on the 25th October, 
12th Elizabeth, 1570, seized of the lordship or manor 
of " Mary ton," in the parish of Chirbury, held of our 
lady the Queen, as of her Earldom of the Marches, 
by knight's service ; of lands in Chirbury formerly be- 
longing to "Edward Herbert, Esquire" also held by 
knight's service f also of lands,^ and two messuages in 

1 Mont Coll., vol. iii, p. 121, n. 1, and p. 122. 

2 Ibid., vol. iii, p. 147, n. 1. 

^ " Salop. Inquisitio indentata capta apad villam Salop Anno 
Regni Elizabeth etc. * decimo tertio coram Thoma Poyner, John 
Hoorde, George Leigh Armigeri et Rico Prince gen'oso feeder. * 
qui dicunt sup. sacrm. su'm p'dera q'd p'dtus Ricus Lloid * fuifc 
seitus in Domico suo ut de feodo die quo obiit de et in man'o vil- 
latt seu Hamelatt de Maryton tunc pertinento p'ochia de CUr- 
lurie in Com. p'dto. Ac de et in quatuor messuagers uno molen- 
dino aquatico etc. * teuebant. de D'ce D'ne nunc regina ut de 
com suo Marchie per serviciura militar." 

* "Ac de et in duob's messuaglis quadragint acrs terr decern 

I 2 



116 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

'' Marton, in the parish of Chirbury/' held as of the 
manor of *' Thomas Scryven, Esquire/'^ but the jurors 
knew not by what service. The jurors then proceed to 
state that at the time of Richard Lloyd's inquis. post 
mortem his son and heir, Richard Lloyd, ^ was aged 
twenty years and eleven months, and that Lucy Lloyd,^ 
his widow, then held the said manor and estates of 
Harrington. 

Richard Lloyd left by his wife, Lucy Powell, the 
numerous issue of nine sons and four daughters, seve- 
rally entered at the Visitation of the county of Salop 
held by Richard Lee, Richmond Herald, Marshal to 
Robert Cook, Clarencieux King-at-Arms, in the year 
1584. They were also entered as such at the Visita- 
tion made by Robert Treswell, Somerset Herald, and 
Augustine Vincent, Rouge Croix Pursuivant, marshals 
and deputies to William Camden, Clarencieux King- 
at-Arms, a.d. 1623. They were — 

I. Richard Lloyd of Harrington, our sheriff, of 
whom presently. 

acrs prati et viginti acrs pastur cum p'tem in Marton in d'ta 
p'ochia de Chyrhurie in Com. p'to * Et q'd p'cta tenta cum 
p'tum in Marton p'dict tenent'r de Thoma Scryven Armig' ut de 
man'eo suo de Marton in com. p'dict sed p' qua servicia Jur. 
p'dict penitus ignorant." 

1 Thomas Scryven was at this time lord of the manors of Frodes- 
ley and Marton, whose ancestor, George Scryven, bailiff of Salop, 
1402-6, married Joanna, daughter of John Honald, and Reginald 
Scryven, living in 1398, married the heiress of Simon Honald. 
The "nomina villarum," in 1316, enrols John de Henaud, Regis de 
Mathehurst, and Simon de Henaud, as joint lords of Marton (See 
Mont Coll., vol. ii, p. 426). 

2 " Et q'd Ric'us Lloid est filius et heres p'pinquior' p'd'ti Rici 
Lloid in d'ta comiss. noiat et est infra etatem viginti unius annor' 
Sclt. etatis viginti annos et undecim mens'm." 

^ "Et q'd Lucia Lloid vidue nup' ux p'diti Rici Lloid pris a 
tempore mortis ejusdem Rici hucusq. occupant p'dict maner. etc." 
{Wards and Liveries, 12-13 Eliz., vol. xiii, fo. 8, Record Office). 
Lucy was the "daughter of Richard Powel de Ednop, Ser. at Arms 
to H. 8, by Anne, daughter of David Yonge and Lucy, dau. to 
Eoulk Eyton, sonn to Sir Nicholas Eyton, Knt., by Margarett, da. 
to Sir John Thorp, Knt." {Visitation of 1584; Earl. MS., 1241, 
" Lloyd of Marrington"). 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 117 

II. John Lloyd, of Stockton, in the parish of Chir- 
bury. He appears, in 1604,^ as a joint pew-holder and 
ratepayer for Marton and the adjoining township of 
Stockton with his brothers George and Edmund. He 

1 At the Vicarage, Chirhury, is a folio MS. of Parish Records, 
bound up in what appears to be some of the illuminated vellum of 
a chantry book of Chirburj Priory. In the introduction it states 
that " This booke was given to the Parishe of Chirbury, county of 
Salop, and Dioces of Hereford, by me, Richard Lloyd, esquier, 
dwelling at Mariton, and one of the church wardens in the seconde 
yeare of the Most Mightie Monarch our Gratious Soveraigne James, 
by the grace of God, of Britaine, FFrance, and Ireland, Kinge, 
defender of the Faythe, the xxiij March, wherein is particularlie 
noted the services donne for repairation and beautiefyinge * * the 
same yeare by ye deutiefull care of the church wardens." This 
folio contains records of parish business from 1604, with occasional 
gaps, to the middle of the eighteenth century. The parish register 
commences in 1629. This MS. folio of 1604-5 I call for purposes 
of reference, " Chirbury Records." It contains amongst other 
matters a ground plan of the parish church of Chirbury in 1604, 
divided into pews, which are numbered and named after the re- 
spective townships of the parish. . Within these respective divisions 
are written the names of the owners or occupiers entitled to sittings 
therein. Thus : 

" Mariton, pew. Richard Lloyd, Esquier ; also the myddle vaulte 
on the right syde." 

" Mariton, pew No. 7. For Mr. Lloyde's maydes servants, under 
the pulpit a shorte forme." 

" Mariton, pew No. 8. Richard Lloyd the elder " (uncle of 
Richard Lloyd, Esquier," visitation 1584). 

^^ Marton, pew No. 3. George Lloyd, William Bray" (his first 
cousin, visitation 1584 and 1623). 

^^ Marton, pew No. 4. John Lloyd, George Redge" (his first 
cousin, visitation 1584). 

" Marton, pew No. 5. William Bray, George Lloyd, and John 
Lloyd." 

" Stockton, pew. Edmund Lloyd and John Lloyd." 

It also contains a rate for the poor in 1604. Thus : 

s. d. 

"liarm^fo^, Richard Lloyd, junior, ar. . . . .34 

„ Richard Lloyd, senior, ar 2 

Marton, George Lloyd * [torn ofi" close to name.] 

John Lloyd 10 

George Lloyd ) , ^^ ^3 

Edmund Lloyd J 

Stochton,'Eldm\i-nd Lloyd 10 

„ John Lloyd . 10 



118 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMEEYSHIRE. 

died without issue, and is marked *' mort" in one copy^ 
of the Visitation of 1623, 

III. Edward Lloyd, died without issue before 1623.^ 

IV. George Lloyd, of Marton, in the parish of Chir- 
bury, was the second surviving son with issue. He 
and his descendants have continued, to the present 
day, in possession of the Marton lands described in the 
Inq. post mort, as part of the estate of his father, 
Eichard Lloyd, in 1570. Moreover, after the sale of 
the manor and estates of Marrington by the descend- 

The following appears in Richard Lloyd's church warden's 
accounts : 

" At Ludlow like wise, the xth, xith, and xiith of January, 1604, 
being the first court that all churche wardens did present the 
defalts of the churche ....... 6s. Od. 

" The presentemente, copie, day given, and contynewance, lOcZ. 

"For Edmund Lloyd, twoe journeyes to. present and other ser- 
vices for the parishe, being the first tyme warned and the seconde 
tyme cited, IDs. Aid. Total . . xxviijs. i\\}d. 

The following appears in the church warden's accounts of William 
Spoake, A.D. 1605 : 

" Item of Edmond Lloyd, gent, of arrearages for lownes due to 
be levied by him the last yeare he beinge church warden, vis. viifZ. 

The identification of the above with our sheriff's brothers is 
proved by the fact that there were no other "Lloyds" (with the 
exception of Griffith Lloyd, of Wotherton) living in the parish of 
Chirbury as pewholders or ratepayers in 1604-5, or as reputed gen- 
tlemen in 1623. In the list of " Disclaimers," apparently members 
of Chirbury families, who, in 1584, were either unwilling, or unable, 
to answer the Herald's summons to enter their pedigree, were 
Edmund Middleton of Middleton, John Ridge (or Rowdier) of Ridge, 
David Lloyd of Wotherton, and Hughe Middleton of Middleton ; 
and at the Visitation of 1623, were John Lloyd of Stockton, George 
Lloyd of Marton, and Edmund Lloyd of Stockton, who, amongst 
others, "most contemptuouslie upon somons given have denyed 
their orderly apparince." The family pedigree of " Lloyd of Mar- 
rington," including them, and signed by their nephew, "Priamus 
Lloyd," was, however, entered in 1623, as it had previously been 
by their eldest brother, Richard Lloyd (dead in 1623) at the Herald's 
Visitation in 1584. The penalty of non-attendance upon the Herald 
could have had but few terrors for John, George, and Edmund Lloyd, 
who in 1623 were from 72 to 75 years of age, and dead before 1629. 
The " Middletons of Middleton," and the " Bowdlers of the Ridge," 
disclaimed in 1584, answered the Herald's summons and entered 
their pedigrees in 1623. 

1 Harl. MS., 1396, under "Lloyd of Marrington. " 

2 Herald's Vis. of Saloj), 1623. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIItE. 119 

ants of his elder brother E-icliard, our sheriff, no trace 
of the latter s family remains. It has therefore been 
thought of interest to give^ the evidences of descent 
from this George Lloyd down to the present represen- 
tative of the family of " Lloyd of Harrington." 

V. Oliver Lloyd. 

VI. Eoger Lloyd. 

VII. Edmund Lloyd, of Stockton, entered as the 
seventh son of Richard Lloyd and Lucy Powel at the 
Visitations of 1584 and 1623. He appears as a joint 
pew-holder with his brother John Lloyd for Stockton, 
with whom he is equally rated for Stockton in 1604. 
He is bracketed, in a joint rate, with his brother 
George Lloyd, for property in Marton in 1604. 
" Edmond Lloyd, gent," and his brother " Richard 
Lloyd, Esquier, dwelling at Maryton," were church- 
wardens^ of Chirbury parish in 1604-5. He was sum- 
moned to the Herald's Visitation of Salop made by 
Robert Treswell, Somerset Herald, in 1632, and died 
before 1629. The will of his " widowe," Elizabeth 
Lloyd of Stockton,^ was proved^ at Llereford by her 
" Sonne " and executor, George Lloyd, on the 2nd May, 
1632. They had issue 

I. George Lloyd, Rector of Bedstone, in the deanery 
of Clun and county of Salop. 

IT. Edmund Lloyd, who had issue Richard and John. 
He is mentioned in his mother's will. 

^ See Appendix. 

2 The following curious entry appears in tlie churchwarden's 
accounts (1604-5) of " Richard Lloyd, esquier, and Edmond Lloyd, 

" Item for a newe communion booke at Ludlowe the xii day of 
November when bookes weare scante and deare by reason of the 
plague that was in Sherewsbery and other places, 10s. 

" For the booke of newe canons at the same time, 25." 

The MS. Chronicle of Shrewsbury, 11th Oct., 1604, incidentally 
refers to the prevalence of the plague there at that time. 

" Proclamation to be made against buying or receiving apparel, 
beddinge, etc., in regarde it is thought that the infection of plague 
is greatly spread in the town by such buying" (Owen and Blake- 
way's History of Shrewsbury, vol. i, p. 403). 

» "Elizabetha Lloyd de Stockton, sepult. 2« April, 1032" (Chir- 
bury parish register). ^ Probate Court, Hereford. 



120 SHEEIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

III. Peter Lloyd, of Salop, who had John and Ed- 
mund. He is mentioned in his mother s will. 

IV. Alexander Lloyd, who had issue. 

V. William Lloyd. His wife, Anne, was buried at 
Chirbury in 1640. 

I. Joyce, who married, first, Thomas ap Hugh of 
Leighton ; and secondly, George Rogers, by whom she 
had Jane and Joyce. 

The Rev. George Lloyd, on the 22nd September, 
1622, was presented to the rectory of Bedstone^ by the 
patron, his second cousin, Thomas Ireland of Yaenor 
and Salop, sheriff of Montgomeryshire in 1635. His 
grand uncle, John Powell of Ednop, married Elizabeth, 
one of the coheiresses of Vaenor.^ He had issue by his 
wife Margaret. 

I. Peter Lloyd of Bedstone, who seems to have died 
intestate, unmarried, or without issue ; as on the 5th 
February, 1668, the administration of the goods of 
Peter Lloyd of Bedstone, county of Salop and diocese 
of Hereford, was granted to his mother, Margaret 
Lloyd f and his second cousin, George Lloyd, the hus- 
band of his eldest sister and coheiress, Mary, succeeded 
to his estate at Stockton and his lands in Marton. 

I. Mary, who married her second cousin, George 
Lloyd of Marton. 

II. — , who married John Bowdler of Marton. *' John 
Bowdler, gent," was churchwarden of Chirbury parish 
in 1669, and rated for Marton in 1707.* 

III. — , who married Richard Dale. 

1 " £4. 3s. M. Bedeston R. Com. Salop Clon. Dec. Thomas Ire- 
land, ar., 22 Sept., 1622, Patron. Geo. Lloyd, Rector" (Register 
of First Fruits Office, Record Office). 

2 " The Vaenor. Richd. (ap Edward ap Howell descended from 
Brochwel, Prince of Powys) had two daughters, the one called Ann, 
married Thomas Pursell (second son of Nicholas Purcell, sheriff in 
1553) of Salop ; the other, called Elizabeth, married to John Powell 
of Ednop. Thomas Pursell had one daughter and heir, called Mary, 
who was married to George Ireland of Salop, and their son was 
Thomas Ireland" (Lewys Dwnn's Visitation^ vol. i, p. 315). 

^ Probate Court, Hereford. 
'^ Chirbury Records. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMEE-YSHIKE. 121 

IV. — , who married Hugh Dale. 

V. Jane, who married John Hay. 

The Rev. George Lloyd in his will, proved 1 8th March, 
] 666,^ directs his " body to be buried in the chancel of 
the church of Bedstone." *' I give and bequeath to 
my son Peter all my lands in Stockton, due unto him 
by his mother's feefment," " and also wood ground in 
Marton described in Mr. Scriven's original deed, and 
purchased by Edmund Lloyd, my father. '"^ " As touch- 
ing the residue of my lands in Marton which my father 
bought of Mr. Scriven, and which I bought of my brother 
Edmund Lloyd," etc. He charges the above purchased 
lands in Marton, which are particularly described in the 
will, with his youngest daughter Jane Hay's marriage 
settlement, as also with legacies to his daughter s chil- 
dren by his " sons-in-law George Lloyd, John Bowdler, 
Eichard Dale, Hugh Dale, and John Hay." '' £120 
of this settlement to purchase lands for the said John 
Hay and his wife Jane, as agreed between George 
Lloyd and John Hay." He bequeaths the furniture of 
the rectory to his wife Margaret, and his '' library of 
books" to his son Peter, whom he leaves his sole 
executor. 

VIII. Matthew Lloyd was the eighth son of Richard 
Lloyd of Marrington and Lucy Powel. 

IX. Ludowick Lloyd. 

The daughters of Richard Lloyd and Lucy Powel 
were, 

I. Agnes ; ii. Lucy. 

III. Mawd, who married Richard Evans of Chirbury. 
In the churchwardens' account for 1606 is the following : 
*' Item, rec'^. for the buryall of Richard Evans ;" and 
in those for 1608-9 : " Item, receivid for the buryall 
of Mystres Mawd Evans." Catherine, the mother of 

1 " Apud Ludlowe decimo octavo die mensis Martii An. Dn. Sfcilo 
Anglie 1666. Cora Ven'li viro Timotheo Baldwvn Legm. Doctoro 
Cancell. Juramento Petri Lloyd filii d'ct defunct" (Probate Court, 
Hereford), 

- Churchwardens of Chirbury in 1604-5. 



122 SHEPJFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Richard Evans, was the daughter of EHzabeth Middle- 
ton, who was the daughter of Richard Pen of Stockton, 
in the parish of Chirbury, by Lowry, a natural daughter 
of David Lloyd of Leighton, ap Sir Griffith Vaughan, 
Knight/ 

IV. Catherine, who married David ap Thomas ap 
John.^ 

Richard Lloyd, Lord of the manor of Harrington, 
our sheriff, and the eldest son of Richard Lloyd and 
Lucy Powell, was about twenty-one years of age at the 
time of his father's death in 1570. 

In the 14th Eliz. 1571, he was one of the jury on 
inquisition in Salop. ^ 

The family monument, and arms, sa. three nag's 
heads erased arg., now in Chirbury church, given in 
illustration No. 2, fig. ii, with the date 1589, and in- 
scription, "Memento Mori Ric'i Lloid," was erected 
by our sheriff. 

It was also he who, by the date 1595, erected the 
sun-dial now in front of Marrington Hall, a sketch of 
which is given in illustration, No. 2, fig. iii. 

Although he was no herald, as appears by the arrange- 
ment of the arms and quarterings, the latter have a 
general reference to those borne by the family.* 

In 1604 he, conjointly with his younger brother 
Edmund Lloyd of Stockton, served as churchwarden of 
his native parish of Chirbury, in which year he was 
actively engaged in the restoration of the church,. which 
his ancestor, Sir Robert de Boulers, Knight, had given 
in the reign of King John towards the foundation of 
the Priory of Chirbury. An interesting record remains 
of the expenditure incurred on the occasion, and many 
details from their accounts would afford an interesting 
comparison with the cost of a similar work in the 
present day. It states that 

1 CedwynMS. 2 Visitatio7i of 1B84^. 

^ Mr. Joseph Morris's MS. Visitation of Salo^p, " Lloyd of Mar- 
rington." 
• * See verbal blazon above. 








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SHERIFFS OF MONTGQMEKYSHIRE. 123 

" For tlie better agreement and avoyding of strife hereafter 
amongst tlie parishioners, wee have taken, as nere as was esy, 
a true view of all pewes, kneelings, and faculties together w'h 
the right of every severall person w'h wee accordingly have 
written in the booke. 

" Furthermore, I. have set downe here the anciente customes 
of this parish, the payeing of privie tenthes and tythes, layde 
downe in writing by the gentlemen, vicare, and parishioners, 
as here followeth/' After particularizing the latter the follow- 
ing entry occurs : '^ Memorandum. That wee whose names 
be subscribed have mett together at the Parish Church of 
Chirbury the seventeenth day of June 1608. And upon the 
true viewe and p^isell of the former anciente customes of the 
parish before set downe by our predecessors prime Aprilis 1 594, 
to be the true and anciente customes^ of the said parish before 
the memory of man. Do ratifie and confirme and allowe all the 
customes afforesaid by and with the confirmation and assent 
of Lawrence Jones being nowe vicare and inducted into the 
right of the said tiethes. And it is further agreed by and 
with the consent of the said Lawrence Jones vicare that any 
parishioner having a hop garden shall pay for the tythe thereof 
i5d. yearly, at the feast of St. Michaell the Arch Angell. And 
also for every orchard 2d. yearely to be paid at the tearme 
aforesaid, and likewise for the tythe of every pigeon house 
within the said parish 2d. yearely at Easter. (Signed) 

Franc. Newton^ 



tie 



^ The above interesting parish record states that " These cus 
tomes weare layd downe by the gentlemen and parishioners xxx^ 
yeares agoe (i.e., in 1564), beinge then the anciente customes before 
the memory of any of them, some of them being then four score 
yeares of age, who subscribed their names thereunto, to witness the 
truth to their posterity." Then follow the names of the witnesses 
in 1564. 

1. Richard Lloyd, ar., 

2. John Redge the elder, \ 

*3. Robert Middleton, >gent'. 

4. John Harries of Stockton, ) 

5. John Bedo, . "Copia verum concordans 

6. Rees ap Hugh, originali. Per me, Thomas 

7. Richard ap John, Tomson, vicarium Ibid." 

8. Humphrey Pen, gent., 

9. Thomas Aldwell, 

10. Thos. Brayof Marton, with many others. 

2 Of Heighltey. "FFrancis Newton, ar." rated for Chirbury in 
1604-5. 



124 SHEEIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Rych. Lloyd^ per me Laurentin Jones, vicare. 
Rych. Lloyd2 

Priam Lloyd ^ John ap Richard, junior^ 

George Harris* Homfrey Harrington" 

Oliver Eedge^ George Benett/' 

In 7th James I, 1610, a deposition was taken at 
Churchstocke before Richard Leighton and Kichard 
Lloyd, " armigeris duobus Justic. dicti Dni Regis ad 
pacem com Montg." ® 

At the Montgomeryshire Assizes, 8th James I, 22nd 
September 1610, " Ricus Lloyd de Harrington ar." was 
foreman of the second jury of inquisition. 

On the 7 Dec. 1610, "Apud Allporte' in com. Mont- 
gomery," the examination of Richard Anthony was 
taken before '* Richard Lloyd esq'r." one of the justices 
of the peace for the county of Montgomery. 

In the XI James I, 23 May 1613, "Ricus Lloyd ar." 
appears on the sheriffs' roll of magistrates at the Mont- 
gomeryshire Assizes held at " Novam Yillam " (New- 
town). And on the 27 Oct. at the autumn Assizes, 
" Ricus Lloyd de Marrington ar." appears as foreman of 
the grand jury. 

At the close of this year he was pricked for the 
appointment of sheriff under circumstances explained 
in a letter^^ from Sir Ralph Winwood, knight, private 
secretary to King James, to the Lord Chancellor, dated 
from Newmarket, 22 November, 1615. "His Maty 
understanding that S r Ihon Hayward what was lately 

1 " Richard Lloyd, junior, ar.," rated for Marrington in 1604-5. 
^ " Richard Lloyd, senior, ar.," rated for Marrington in 1604-5. 
^ Eldest son of Richard Lloyd, junior. 
^ " George Harrys, gent.," rated for Stockton in 1604-5. 

5 " Oliver Redge, gent.,'' rated for Priest weston in 1604-5. 

6 Rated for Myddleton in 1604-5. 

7 Rated for " Walcott" in 1604-5. 

8 "Miscellanea Historica," 7 James I. 

9 Allport was a portion of the Marrington estate which extended 
over the Montgomeryshire border. 

10 Montgomerij shire Collections, vol. ii, p. 205. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 125 

apoynted to bee sheriff of Montgomery shyre is a single 
man, and hath neyther house nor lands in that county 
untill after his mother's death, by which meanes is 
altogether unapt for that imployment, hath beene 
graciously pleased to release him thereof, and in his 
place to prick Mr. Richard Ffloyd, of Marrington, esqr., 
to undertake that charge." 

Sir John Hayward, Knight, was the son of Eowland 
Hayward, alderman of London, who had a grant of the 
lands and site of the Abbey of Strata Marcella, 5th 
August, 2nd Edward VI, 1548. The latter was 
knighted on his first accession to the important civic 
digiiity of Lord Mayor in the 13th Eliz. 1570-1, an 
office which he twice filled. In addition to his acqui- 
sition of Crown lands, he purchased extensively from 
the great feudatories. From the Earl of Arundel he 
purchased, amongst others, the manor of Church Stret- 
ton ; from the Lord Stafford the manor of Caus, with 
several members of the barony extending over the 
Montgomeryshire border. "In the 24th Eliz. 1582, 
the said Sir Rowland Hayward conveyed to Thomas 
Fanshawe, Esq., Remembrancer of the Exchequer, and 
others, the manor of Cardington, with fourteen other 
manors, with tythes and lands in the counties of Salop 
and Flint, and several manors and estates in the coun- 
ties of Montgomery, Bucks, Bedford, Wilts, Essex, and 
London, in trust, for a jointure for Catherine Hayward, 
his second wife, and fortimes for her children and those 
of Joanna his first wife."^ The above Sir John Hay- 
ward, who subsequently, in 1633, served the office of 
Sheriff of Montgomeryshire, and Sir George Hayward, 
were the sons of Sir Rowland Hayward, and probably 
by his second wife Catherine, who, by virtue of the 
above settlement, held this year, 1616, the Mont- 
gomeryshire estates in dower. 

Our sheriffs year of office was marked by a tragic 
event, productive of considerable local interest at the 
1. See Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 141, notes 1, 2, 3. 



126 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

time, and of which there exist the folio wing recorded 
particulars : — 

Apud Polam 23 Januar. 13 Jam. I, 1615. Examination of 
witnesses touching" the feloniouse murtheringe of Thomas 
Jones of Llanerchv^ocelle in the county of Montgomery, gent. 
Coronor's inquest on the body of the latter. '' Coram Thome 
Jucks ar., uno Jus. in Com. pM et coram Carolo Lloyd, ar. et 
Rico Gruffiths, gen.^ balli et justic pacis infra villam et liber- 
tatem de Pola pM et Olivero Lloid Vaughan, gen. Coronator, 
D'ni Regis com. p'd (Montgomery). 

'^ Johes Lloyd, gen., comiss. p' mort Thome Jones p' sus- 
picion, murd.^' (Kalandar omn^m prisonar, in gaelae D'ni 
Regis Com. pred' sub. custod Bid Lloyd Ar. Vic. com. pred. 
remanen. 30 Sep. 14 Jam. I). 

The result of the above inquiry was a somewhat 
vohiminous body of evidence, detailed in the sheriffs' 
files of the 14th and 15th of James I, which gives an 
interesting but painful insight into the dangerous 
family feuds of those times. Several members of well- 
known resident families, who, connected by family ties 
with the principal, or as being cognisant of facts bear- 
ing on the occurrence, were called upon to give evidence. 
From the latter may be gathered the following facts : — 

A bad feeling, of some standing, had been known to 
exist between Mr. Thomas Jones of Llanerchbrochwel, 
the deceased, and Mr. John Lloyd, the accused. At 
the " alehouse of one Margaret Oliver," in Welshpool, 
were assembled the following gentlemen of th^ neigh- 
bourhood, viz. : " Mr. John Lloyd, gent. ;" " Mr. Brough- 
well Lloyd, gent. ; "' " Mr. Wilham Spencer," " Mr. 
Edmund Jones of the town of Pool, gent., cosin of Mr. 
Thomas Jones, gent, the deceased," and others. In 
the midst of their conviviality Mr. Thomas Jones en- 
tered the room. " The company were silent." Thomas 
Jones, finding that John Lloyd was present, apologised 

1 From the Sheriffs' files, 18-14 James I. Record Office. 

2 Son of Charles Lloyd of Leighton, sheriff in 1601. On the sale 
of the Leighton estates to Judge Watties of Ludlow, he entered the 
army, rose to the rank of Major, and was gentleman of the Privy 
Chamber to King^ Charles I. 



SJEERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 127 

for his intrusion, retired, and was followed by John 
Lloyd, the accused. " Mr. Thomas Morris of Llan- 
dynnam,^ gent, staying at the time at the house of Mr. 
Oliver Lloyd Vaughan," one of the coroners for the 
county, and heanng what had occurred, immediately 
sent for " Mr. Broughwell Lloyd," begging of him to 
see that no harm came of the affair. The latter went 
in search of and found John Lloyd, who angrily told 
him that he was going to '' the Vaynor." He reasoned 
with, and calmed him, as he supposed, saw him to his 
bedroom, and then left him for his own home at Leigh- 
ton. As soon as Broughwell Lloyd left, John Lloyd 
called his servant and told him to go and fetch a certain 
" rapier." The servant, returning with the rapier, was 
told by John Lloyd not to wait up, " that he was going 
to the Yaynor," and left for the night. Thomas Jones, 
the deceased, was expected early the next day to pass 
by on his way to a fair. In the gloom of the early 
morning a party of horsemen were heard riding through 
the streets of Welshpool. Among them a witness recog- 
nised " the voice of Mr. Thomas Jones," the deceased. 
Another witness deposed to the latter having been 
found, shortly after, lying dead, '' thrust through the 
body with a rapier." 

Noia Jur. Magna. (Grrand Jury). 

Ricus Sheinton de Llanwonog, gen. (Foreman), Eiceus 
Thomas Lloyd de Llangerick,^ Meredd. David ap leun do 
Dvvynwe (?), Reginaldus Clarke de Clmrclistocke, Riseus ap 
leun de Tregonen, Rogerus Price de Ackley, Jolies Phillipps, 
Georgius Symes de Trevegloes, Georgius Sowley (?), Owinus 
Baxter, Owinus Jervis de Moydocke, Ricus Powell de Brynka- 
mister, Rogerus Wynne de Llettegynvarth, Johis Bresse de 
Llanbrinmaire, generosi. 

Magna Sessio. tent apud Polam, 30 Sep. 14 James I. Sum- 
mons thereto from Sir Thomas Chamberlayne_, Knight, Chief 
Justice of Chester. Endorsed, 

Rictus Lloyd, Ar., Vic. 

1 The deputy sheriff. 

2 On the grand jury at the assizes held at " Llanydloes," 18 
Aug., 4 James I {Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 292). 



128 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

His last magisterial act on record was the reception 
of the deposition of " Maurice ap David of Chirbury, 
yom. Coram Thome Juckes et Rico Lloyd armigeris 
duobs justic ad pacem Dni Regis," on the 31st May, 
17th Jam. L, 1619. In 1620 we still find "Richard 
Lloyd of Marrington," on the roll of magistrates.^ 

His Inquisitio post mortem,^ taken at Worthyn, 
county of Salop, 30th April, 21st James I., 1623, before 
Thomas Corbett, esquire, escheator, states that " Ricus 
Lloyd, nup. de Marrington, in Com. p'dict. Ar. defunct," 
died seized of the manor of Marrington and the other 
lands in the parish of Chirbury as described in his 
father's inquis. post mortem, with the exception of the 
freehold lands in Marton, which had already passed to 
his next brother with issue, George Lloyd, of Marton. 
It further states that Priamus Lloyd, gentleman, was 
his heir, aged thirty years and more at the time of his 
father's death, which is said to have taken place on the 
1st September, 18th James I, 1620. Accordingly, we 
find the family pedigree, at the Herald's Visitation of 
1623, signed by " Priamus Lloyd." 

Our sheriff married Margaret, the daughter of John 
Newton of Heightley, second son of Sir Peter Newton, 
Knight, Chancellor of the Marches of Wales to Henry 
VII and his son Prince Arthur.^ By Margaret Newton, 
he had his only son and heir Priamus, and a daughter, 
Lucy, married to Thomas Davies of Coxall, in the 
county of Hereford, by whom she had — i. Richard 
Davies of Coxall. ii. Priamus Davies, living in 1661, 
and I. Anne, the wife of John Gough. The Davies', 
now of Marrington, are not of this family. 

Priamus Lloyd, of Marrington, married Catherine,* 

' Mont. Coll, vol. ii, p. 347. 

2 Wards and Liveries, bundle 13, fo. 36 (Record Office). Trin. 
Pasch Term, 21 James I. 

3 See " Francis Newton," sheriff in 1595 (Mo7it. Coll, vol. v, p. 
443, et seq.) 

* Her sister Elizabeth, who died in 1666 (Owen and Blakeway's 
Hist, of Shreivshuri/, vol. ii, p. 436, n. 1), was the relict of Christo- 
pher Whichcote, of Stoke, in the county of Salop, and parish of 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 129 

tlie daughter of Edward Fox of Greet, in the county of 
Salop, by EHzabeth, third daughter of Sir Edward 
Leighton, Knight, of Wattlesborough Castle. In the 
time of Priam us Lloyd an important botanical discovery 
was made at Harrington, the particulars of which are 
given in a note.^ 

Priamus Lloyd and Catherine Fox had issue 

I. EicHARD Lloyd of Harrington, aged twenty- 
two at the Herald's Visitation in 1623. He was a 
barrister-at-law, having entered the Inner Temple in 
1631, where he is described as the "son and heir of 
Priamus Lloyd, Esq'r., of Harrington." His first cousin. 
Sir Jeremy Whichcote, Bart., Solicitor-General to the 
Prince Elector Palatine, was a member of the Inner 
Temple. 

II. Charles Lloyd, living in 1623. 

III. George Lloyd, living in 1623. 

IV. Edward Lloyd, living in 1627. 

I. Hary. ii. Anne, who died prior to 1627. 

Greet, by whom she was the mother of a numerous issue of five 
daughters and seven sons, of whom were Colonel Christopher Which- 
cote, Governor of Windsor Castle; Dr. Benjamin Whichcote, Pro- 
vost of King's College, Cambridge ; and Sir Jeremy Whichcote, 
first baronet of Hendon, Middlesex, and of the Inner Temple, 
Solicitor-General to the Elector Palatine (See Betham's Baronetage, 
vol. ii, pp. 41-2). 

^ Mr. Thomas Johnson, better known as the learned editor and 
emendator of Gerarde's Herbal, undertook with companions the 
first professedly botanical tour in Wales in the year 1639. From 
Machynlleth the travellers went through Montgomeryshire, and af 
Montgomery Castle were hospitably received and entertained by 
the illustrious Edward, Lord Herbert of Chirbury. In the neigh- 
bourhood, " inter Dudson (Dudston) et Guarthlow," they gathered 
Sulidagmem etiam Saracenicam, one of our rarest British plants. 
In his edition, p. 446, of Gerarde's Herbal, he gives the following 
account of the discovery, in 1632, in Marrington dingle, of this Soli- 
dago as a British species. " The codded or imjoatient Arsmart was 
first found to grow in this kingdome l^y the industry of my good 
friend, Mr. George Bowles (medicinge candidatus), who found it at 
these places : first in Shropshire, on the banks of the river Kemlet, 
at Marington, in the parish of Cherberry, under a gentleman's house 
called Mr. Lloyd ; but especially at Gnerndee, in the parish of Cher- 
stoch, half a mile from the foresaid river, amongst great alder-trees 
in the highway." 

VOL. VI. K 



130 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Eichard Lloyd joined his father, Priamus Lloyd, in 
the sale of the manor and estates of Harrington to John 
Craven, Esq., of London, afterwards Lord Craven, on 
the 4th November, 1633. 

Subsequent to the sale of Harrington no trace what- 
ever has been discovered of the descendants of either 
Eichard Lloyd or his brothers. On the 31st Hay, 
1733, William Lord Craven sold the manor and estates 
of Harrington to Thomas Powys of Shrewsbury. 

w. y. ll. 



APPENDIX. 

Etchard Lloyd, lord of the manor of Marrington, held also, 
as we have seen by his inquisitio post mortem, freehold lands 
under Edward Herbert of his manor of Chirbury, also under 
Thomas Scriven of his manor of Marton, all situate within the 
parish of Chirbury. On his death the manor and estates of 
Marrington descended to his eldest son Richard, our sheriff, 
and his descendants. The freehold property in Marton went to 
his fourth, but second surviving son with issue, George Lloyd, 
whose descendants alone, of the numerous family of nine sons 
and four daughters of Richard Lloyd and Lucy Powell, can 
now be traced, and they have continued their connection with 
the parish of Chirbury to the present day. 

George Lloyd of Marton, entered as the fourth son of 
Richard Lloyd and Lucy Powell at the herald^s visitations of 
Salop in 1584 and 1623, was born about the year 1553. He 
appears as a joint pewholder of a ^^Marton^^ pew, and as a 
ratepayer for the township of Marton in 1604, with his first 
cousin, William Bray, son of Thomas Bray and Gwen Lloyd, 
his father's second sister. Also with his brother John Lloyd 
and William Bray^ for Marton township, and he appears brack- 
eted with his brother, Edmund Lloyd, as a ratepayer for pro- 
perty in Marton in 1604. He was churchwarden of the parish 
of Chirbury in 1611-12. 

^ His grandson, Dr. Thomas Bray, was the eminent learned and 
pious founder of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts, who was, says his biographer, " born at Marton in 
Shropshire in 1656." He was not, however, baptized, according to 
the following entry in the Chirbury parish register, an til 1658." 
" Thomas fiUus Richardi et Mariee Bray, bapt. 2^ Maii" (1658). 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 131 

In 1623, being then about seventy years of age, he was 
summoned as "George Lloyd of Marton" to attend the herald's 
visitation of the county of Salop. He died probably before 
1629, the date of the first entry in the Chirbury Eegister, as 
his death is not therein recorded; but certainly before 1635, 
as is shown by the following entry in the Eegister: — Elizabetha 
Lloyd de Marton, relicta Georgii Lloyd, sepult. 20^ lObris^ 
J 635.-'' He was succeeded by his son, 

David Lloyd of Marton, who, in 1631, four years before the 
death of his mother, Elizabeth, is so described in the registra- 
tion of his eldest son's baptism at Chirbury. In 1632 he was 
churchwarden of Chirbury.^ 

"28 Aprilis, 1632. The agreement betwixt the parishioners 
of Chirbury, the burgesses of Shrewsbury, and others comittees 
met in Salop to treate about in and of the suite between the 
Bailiffs upon receyvinge the * of the * to whom it was 
referred by his Ma'ties Solicitor, with the consent of Eichard 
Hunt, Thomas Knight, * Jones and Thomas Jones, Esqrs. ; 
Thomas Wynfeld, * Benion and William Eowley gentlemen 
burgesses (?) of the sayd towne ; and for the sayd parishioners 
of Chirbury, * Clearke, Vicare of Chirbury, David Lloyd, 
Eichard Harries,^ gentlemen, and others, parishioners" (Chir- 
bury Eecords). 

Queen Elizabeth, in the thirteenth year of her reign, granted 
the rectory and parsonage of Chirbury to the bailiffs and bur- 
gesses of Shrewsbury for the beuefit of the grammar schools 
founded there by King Edward VI, reserving out of the rec- 
torial tythes a provision for the vicar of Chirbury. The con- 
flicting interests of the schools and parish of Chirbury gave 
rise to the above suit, in which David Lloyd represented the 
parishioners. 

1 "Anno Dom. Mar. 1632. Davidis Lloyd et Johannes Hoskis 
Guardiani" (Chirbury parish Eecords). 

2 Eichard Harries was the member of a family long seated at 
Stockton, in the parish of Chirbury, and fifth in descent from John 
Hill, alias Harris, from the county of Stafford. The latter married 
Janet, daughter of Simon Henalt, joint lord of Marton in 1316 
{Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 426). The father of Eichard Harris, viz., 
George Harris of Stockton, married " Mary, daughter of John 
Herbert of Cemmes." " Maria, wife of Geo. Harris of Stockton, 
bur'd 4th of 9'bris 1631" (Chirbury Eegister). Their arms, entered 
with their pedigree at the herald's visitation of 1623, were " Az., 
a chevron, ar., between three hedgehogs, or." A branch of this 
family emigrated to America about the time of the Commonwealth, 
and is now represented by Mr. Harris of Salem, Massachusetts. 

K 2 



132 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

David Lloyd, signing himself of '^ Mart on Hall, 23 Jan., 
1 645," was governor of the garrison of Lee, or Leigh Hall, in 
the adjoining parish of Worthyn, for King Charles I. It lies 
about a mile south south-east of Worthyn. Some remains of 
the fortified mansion of the Corbets of Lee,^ anciently called 
Lee Castle, are still discernible on a rocky knoll above Lee 
Hall. His correspondence and manifestoes, urging and threat- 
ening those indiflferent to the Eoyal cause, with the object of 
obtaining supplies for the garrison ; and his accounts, as well 
as those of Captain de Villiers, governor at the same time for 
the king, of Caus Castle, in the parish of Worthyn, were found 
in the year 1 834 when pulling down a part of the old house at 
Marton. They were entered on a parchment roll. The latter 
was partly transcribed by the Rev. John Webb of Hardwicke 
Vicarage, near Hay, the editor of Bishop Swinfield^s Roll of 
Accounts, extracts of which he furnished to Mrs. Stackhouse 
Acton, and which appear in her '^ Garrisons of Shropshire during 
the Civil War, 1642-48," under the head of '' Lea Hall." 

A few specimens are given "from the accounts^ of the two 
governors of Lee Hall, to show the manner in which levies were 
collected in the different townships on which the maintenance 
of the garrison was imposed." 

" October 1644. To the Constable of Stockton. You are required 
to send me on Friday morning, at six of the clock, four men with 
hand barrowes, and pitchforks, on payne of 2s. for every man that 
refuseth to come. Dated at Lee this present Wednesday. — John 
Devilliers." 

" These are in his Majesties' name to will and command you to 
bring into my garrison of Lee Hall, on Monday next, for the wieke's 
provision, beginning ye 22nd of November, being Friday, as agreed 
by the gentlemen of ye county, as is mentioned in this warrant : — 
viz., one quarter of beef, one side of mutton, three strikes of oats, 
two of rye, fourteen pounds of cheese, seven pounds of butter, one 
cuple of pultry, and in money 5s., which if you refuse you may 
expect my coming to fech it, for which this shall be my warrant, 
this 19th of November. — J. Devilliers." 

"Received of John Phillips of Stockton, the sum of 27s., in part 
payment of the last month's contribution. — J. D., October 1644." 

" Receipts are given for similar supplies of provisions and money 
in December, and this appears to have been the regular supply 
required for the garrison. Captain Devilliers had before this time 

1 Ancestors of the Corbets of Sundorn. 

2 Garrisons of Shropshire^ pp. 53-4. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 133 

boen removed to Caus Castle, and David Lloyd been left in charge 
of Lee Hall." 

To Captain Devilliers, probably a rough soldier and an un- 
sympathetic stranger to the neigbourhood, the discharge of the 
duty of levying contributions was simple enough ; but to 
David Lloyd this particular service in the Eoyal cause, sur- 
rounded as he was by his kinsmen and friends, must have been 
both difficult and disagreeable under his exacting senior officer 
at Caus Castle. Severely taxed indeed must have been the 
loyalty of the inhabitants of Chirbury parish, to furnish the 
necessary supplies for the Eoyal garrisons, when we find David 
Lloyd compelled thus to address them : — 

" To the Constable of Stockton. This is to certifie you that I 
returned a warrant from the hand of ye right worthy Captain 
Dovilliers, Governor of Lee Hall, whereby I am to certifie you, that 
if you come not in between this and Monday next, to bringe in 
your accounts, and do bringe in your arrears, if not, he threatens 
to burne all ye bookes, and to make you pay all anew, and so I 
remaine 

" Marton Hall, Your loving friend, 

23 of January, 1645.^" David Lloyd." 

" To the Constable of Stockton.^ This is to let you knowe that 
I have received a warrant from the Worshipful Captain John Devil- 
liers, whereby you are required to impress one teame, and five 
workmen out of ye township, and then to send them to Lee Hall, 
this day, being this instant, yesterday being ye 3rd of March, and 
then to labour as directed ; this faile not at your perill, and to 
bringe meate for ye same, and spades, and pickaxes. 

Your loving friend, 

David Lloyd." 

An ancient silver seal of his arms, sa., three nag's heads 
erased, ar., is now in possession of his descendants, through 
females, the Humphreys of Walcot, Chirbury (see illustration 
No. 2, figure 1). 

David Lloyd^s command was, subsequent to the 8rd of 
March, of short duration ; for the Scottish Dove, March 15th to 
17th, 1645, informs us that "Prince Maurice hath quit all 
the garrisons in Shropshire, because he wanted men to keepe 
them ; and therefore hath burnt Lee Hall, and other garrisons, 
and demolished their works.^^ A farmhouse now occupies the 
site of Lee Hall, but attached to it are some fragments of 
walls which have the appearance of having been burnt. Its 

^ Mrs. Stackhouse Acton's Oarrisons of Shropshire during the 
Cvva War, 1642-48, p. 54. 



134 SHEEIFFS OF MONTOOMERYSHIRE. 

garrison, doubtless, took refuge in the neiglibouring and more 
important stronghold of Cans Castle, under the redoubtable 
Captain Devilliers, the governor. The latter in his turn had 
to submit to the force of circumstances, for '' Mercnrius Vere- 
dicus/' under June 26th, 1645, informs us that the Parhament 
forces laid siege to Cans Castle, in which were three hundred 
men,^' including, doubtless, David Lloyd and his garrison from 
Lee Hall. " The governor refusing to deliver it (Cans Castle) 
upon summons, our forces began to storm e it for a while, at 
length the enemy put forth a white flag, and desired a parley ; 
hereupon hostages were delivered on l3oth sides, and articles 
agreed upon. 

" 1. That the castle, with the arms and ammunition, matches, pow- 
der, etc., should be delivered into the hands of the Parliament 
forces, except such as are allowed in the ensuing article. 

" 2. That all oflBcers of the garrison should march away with their 
colours and swords only. 

" 3. That they should have safe convoy to the king's next gar- 
rison.^" 

David Lloyd married Maria or Mary,^ second daughter of 
'^ John Williams de Winnington,-'-' in the parish of Alberbury 
(son of ^* Robert Williams de Winningtou,^' son of Reginald 
Williams of Willaston, sheriff 38th Henry VIII, 1546), by 
Jane, daughter of Oliver Lloyd of Leighton, by whom he had 
issue 

I. ^' Georgius filius Davidis Lloyd de Marton. Baptizatus 
24^ 9 bris, 1631."3 

II. " Thomas filius Davidis Lloyd de Marton. Bapt. 1 7^ die 
9 bris, 1637.^^3 

III. "Johannis filius Davidis et Marise Lloyd. Bapt. 23^ 
Junii 1642.^^3 

I. " Margaretta filia Davidis Lloyd de Marton. Bapt. 16*^ 
Feb. 1633.^^3 

II. " Maria filia Davidis Lloyd de Marton. Bapt. P die 
Martii 1634. Sepultus 10^ Aprilis 1634.^^^ 

David Lloyd was buried at Chirbury on the 19th April, 
1664.^ In an old Latin bible, formerly belonging to his grand- 
son, the Rev. Peter Lloyd, vicar of Forden, and now in the 
possession of the Humphreys of Walcot, his burial is thus 
recorded : " D. Lloyd sep. 19^ April, 1664.'' '' Mary Lloyd 
vid.'^ was rated for property in Marton in 1664-5.* 

^ Garrisons of Shropshire, p. 42. 

2 Visitations, 1584 and 1623. 

^ Chirbury Register. 

* Chirbury Records. "Lloyd" MS. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 135 

Georqe Lloyd^ eldest son and heir of Pavid Lloyd of Mar- 
ton, was rated for property in Stockton in 166 4-5-6/ the 
adjoining township to Marton, and for Stockton and Marton 
in 1680/ where his mother had resided up to the time of her 
death, presumably in 1675. He was churchwarden in 1665. 

On the 14th April, 27 Charles II, 1675, the Rev. Edward 
Lewis, vicar of Chirbury, gave lands in trust for the founda- 
tion of a school at Chirbury to twelve trustees. On the 22nd 
November, 27 Charles II, he extended the advantages of the 
school to children of the adjoining parish of Forden in Mont- 
gomeryshire. Among the original trustees were — 

'^Richard Jones of Lloynrerid, gentleman.'^ He was the 
father of Edward Jones, D.D., Bishop of St. Asaph. 

'' Evan Jones of Little Hem, gentleman." On a grave- 
stone resting (in 1857) against the chancel- wall of Welshpool 
Church, under the chancel- window, is the following : ^' Here 
lieth the body of Evan Jones, gent, late of Hem in Forden, 
who departed this life the 2nd day of March 1711 in the 78th 
year of his age.'^ 

Charles Mason of Montgomery, gentleman. 

George Lloyd of Stockton, gentleman. 

Richard Farmer of Dudston, gentleman. 

John Edwards of Rorrington, gentleman.^ 

Richard Bradley of Stockton, gentleman.^ 

The deed extending identical privileges to the children of 
Forden parish is witnessed by " Richard Jones of Lloynrerid, 
Evan Jones of Little Hem, Charles Mason of Montgomery, 
George Lloyd of Stockton, and Richard Farmer* of Dudston.^'^ 

On the 24th March, 4 James II, 1688, George Lloyd's sig- 
nature, with an impression of his arms, sa. three nag's heads 
erased ar., from the seal given in illustration 2, fig. 1, are 
affixed to the original will of the above-named " Richard Jones 
of Lloynrerid," his co-trustee. 

1 Chirbury Records. <' Lloyd" MS. 

2 He was the son of John Edwards of Rorrington, in the parish 
of Chirbury, and Mary Pryce of Gunley, in the parish of Forden. 
By Thomasina Lloyd, daughter aud heiress of Edward Lloyd of 
Maesmawr, in the parish of Guilsfield, he had Lloyd Edwards of 
Rorrington and Maesmawr. 

3 Richard Bradley married Eleanor, daughter and heiress of 
Richard Harris of Stockton, and Abigail, daughter of Richard Piers 
of Pleley, in the county of Salop. 

* The Farmer family subsequently exchanged Dudston for Bach- 
eldre, in the parish of Churchstoke. The latter was in the pos- 
session of Edward Farmer, Esq., in 1837. 

^ The trust deed (copy) says that the original is deposited " in 
the exchequer of the town of Shrewsbury." 



136 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

George Lloyd married Mary, his second cousin, and the 
eldest daughter and coheir of the Rev. George Lloyd, rector 
of Bedstone, who in his will styles him his '' son in law.'^ By 
Mary Lloyd he had issue 

I. George Lloyd op Marton. " Georgius filius Georgii et 
Marias Lloyd Bap. Jan. 12 a.d. 1656." His baptism^ is thus 
entered in his younger brother^s (Rev. Peter Lloyd) Latin 
Bible at Walcot. 

He died without issue, and his will,^ proved at Ludlow 23rd 
January, 1727, appoints his nephew and heir, " George Lloyd 
of Stockton,^^ his sole executor. 

II. The Rev. Richard^ Lloyd, M.A., of St. John's College, 
Cambridge, rector of Croft cum Yarpole, Herefordshire, o.s.jp. 
He was buried at Yarpole 28th July, 1723, where his tomb 
lies between the church and a campanile, or detached bell- 
tower. His arms, sa. three nag's heads erased ar., and 
part of the inscription thereon are given in illustration No. 2, 
fig. iv. The concluding portion of the inscription, in English, 
but somewhat obliterated (in 1857) stood thus: "His prin- 
ciples were stedfast. His anger short. His patience long. 
He was a friend to his Church, to Piety, Peace * * * He 
was a friend to the poor * and * founder of * school * this 
village * * ^^ His portrait is now at Walcot. 

III. Rev. Peter Lloyd, vicar of Forden, Montgomeryshire, 
a parish adjoining that of Chirbury. " Petrus filius Georgii 
et Mari^ Lloyd Bapt. 12^ 9 bris 1665."* 

He held the vicarage of Forden from about 1688 to the time 
of his death in 1721. We have seen that his family had an 

^ " Georgius filius Georgii et Mariee Lloyd. Bapt. 12*^ Janii 
1656" (Chirbury Register). 

2 It runs thus : " I George Lloyd of Marton in the parish of 
Chirbnrj-, in the county of Salop and dioces of Hereford, gent. * * 
give devise and bequeath the same of fibrty pounds," the interest 
to be paid yearly out of his purchased estate in Stockton in " penny 
bread to the poor of the parish of Chirbury, and in cloth coats to 
the poor of the seven Townes on the lower side of the s'd parish of 
Chirbury." * * "And my will is that Marton and Stockton 
shall be first serv'd." * * " Item, the rest and remaining part 
of my personal estate, goods, chattels, and cattle, I give and be- 
queath the same to be equally divided between my brother Peter's 
(Rev. Peter Lloyd) three younger children, and I do hereby ap- 
point George Lloyd of Stockton my nephew to be sole executor." 

^ "Richardus filius Georgii et Marise Lloyd, baptizatus fuit 
290 Janii 1659" (Chirbury Register). "Richardus Lloyd, Cler., 
sepultus fuit vicessimo octavo Julii 1723" (Yarpole Register). 

^ Chirbury Register, 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 137 

interest of some standing in that ' parisli, whose tithes had 
formerly belonged to the Priory of Chirbury, of which John 
Lloyd_, the elder brother of his ancestor, OUver Lloyd of Har- 
rington, had been prior. His great -great-grandfather, Eichard 
Lloyd of Harrington, had farmed the tithes of Forden under 
the Crown in the 1-2 Phil, and Hary, a.d. 1554, and his great- 
great-grand-uncle '' Ludovick Lloyd, Esquier, then one of her 
Haiesties Seriant-at-armes," had a grant from Queen EHzabeth 
by letters patent of the 13th Hay, 29 Ehz. 1587, of the 
" Chapell of FFording als FForden,'' " and all manner of 
Tyethes of corne etc., on condition that the said Ludovick 
Lloyd his executors and assigns do finde and provyde one 
sufficient and fitt chapleyne to celebrate divine service and 
to take the cure of soules in the said chapell of FFording 
yerely.^^^ 

The Eev. Peter Lloyd married Hargaret,^ third daughter of 
John Heredith of Hunlin and Great Hem, in the parish of 
Forden. Her nephew, John Heredith of Great Hem and Hun- 
lin, married Hary,^ the daughter of Arthur Devereux, junior, 
and Bridget his wife, son of Arthur Devereux of Nantcribba, 
whose will is dated 15 Aug. 1709. 

The Rev. Peter Lloyd and Hargaret had issue, 

I. " Georgius filius Petri Lloyd cler. et HargarettaB uxoris 
ejus baptizat. 26 Nov. 1702.'^* 

II. ^' Petrus filius Petri Lloyd cler. et Hargarettae uxor ejus 
Bapt. 7«Die Junii 1706.'^* 

III. ^' Haria filia Petri Lloyd cler. et Hargarettas uxor ejus 
bapt. 16' Sepr. 1701.^'* 

IV. " Elizabetha filia Petri Lloyd cler. et Hargaretta uxor 
ejus Bapt. 18 Oct. 1701."* 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. iii, pp. 324-5. 

2 " Margaret, daughter of John Meredith, baptized 24th July, 
1(566" (Forden Register). " Petrus Lloyd et Margaretta Mero- 
dite matrimonio conjuncti fuere, 20^ Jan. 1699" {Ibid.) 

^ " Maria fil. Arthur. Devereux gen., et Bridgett. Bap. 2 Nov. 
1705" (Forden Register). "John Meredith and Mary Devereux 
married 3 May 1726" (Ibid.) A monument to the memory of their 
son, needlessly cast aside on the demolition of the old church at 
Forden, had the following inscription. " John Meredith of Great 
Hem and Munlin, gent., son of John Meredith and Mary Devereux 
his wife. He was married to Margaret Meredith of Swinsbach, in 
the Co. of Salop, 6 Mar., 1764, and died 22 Oct., 1776, in the 49th 
year of his age." The following memorial of a member of the 
family is built into the front wall of the house at the " Hem.'* 
" Mm. Marg. Meredith, 1751. R. P." 

* Forden Register. 



138 SHEPwIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Among many monuments lost since the demolition of the 
old parish church was a memorial brass in the chancel wall, to 
the memory of the Rev. Peter Lloyd, with the following in- 
scription : *^ Petrus Lloyd hujus Ecclesiae quondam minister 
obiit tertio die Julii 1721. ^tatis anno 55," a verification of 
which is however supplied by the Forden register.^ His widow 
administered to his effects on the 6th March 1 721-2,^ and sur- 
vived him twenty years.'^^ His Latin Bible, containing family 
memoranda as far back as a.d. 1661, is now at Walcot. He 
was succeeded by his eldest son, 

George Lloyd of Maeton, who removed there from the 
house at Stockton on the death of his uncle, George Lloyd of 
Mar ton. 

In 1738 "The Hon'ble Pryce Devereux, Esquire,* son and 
heir apparent of the Right Hon'ble -Pryce, Lord Viscount 
Hereford ; William Foden of Wotherton, gentleman ; Thomas 
Edwards of Chirbury, clerk ;^ and Leonard Hotchkis of Shrews- 
bury, clerk f by deed of release, being the surviving of twelve 
former trustees of Chirbury school, conveyed their trust to 
' George Lloyd of Marton, gentleman,' and eleven others." 

In the 22nd George III, 1782, by deed of release, bearing 
date 7th September, George Lloyd, '^ late of Marton, in the 
parish of Chirbury, in the county of Salop, and now of Munlin 
in the parish of Forden, in the county of Montgomery, gentle- 
man," being the only survivor of the last appointed twelve 
trustees, conveyed his trust to his son and heir, " John Lloyd 
of the Wood in the parish of Forden, gentleman," and eleven 
others. 

John Lloyd of the Wood married Catherine, daughter of 
John Gethin of Yaynor, by Mary, third daughter of Jenkin Lloyd 
of Clochfaen, sheriff of Montgomeryshire, in 1713. By her he 
had several sons and daughters, of whom the only survivors 
with issue were Margaret Lloyd, who married Arthur Lloyd 

1 " Petrus Lloyd, minister, Ecclesias Fordinensis, obiit Tertio die 
julii et sepultus est quinto die ejusdem mensis, 1721." 

2 " Adm. bonor. Petri Lloyd nup' de FForden in Dioces Heref. 
Cler. Concess fuit Mar^tae Loyd ejus Reli'se. Jurat cora Surro 6 
Martii 1721" (Probate Court, Hereford). 

^ " Margaret, the widow of the Rev. Mr. Peter Lloyd, formerly 
minister of this parish, was buried the 3rd of June, 1742" (Forden 
Register). 

* He succeeded as tenth Viscount. 

5 He was Vicar of Chirbury, and father of the Rev. Sir Thomas 
Edwards, seventh Baronet, the great grandfather of Sir Henry 
Hope Edwards, Bart. 

^ He was head master of Shrewsbury schools. 



SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 139 

Uumplireys, afterwards of " the Wood/' and Mary Lloyd, who 
married his brother, Edward Humphreys of Walcot. They, 
oil the death of their father John Lloyd,^ on the 27th Febru- 
ary, 1831, aged 88, had possession of his estates in the town- 
ships of Marton and Stockton in the parish of Chirbury, and 
in the townships of Lower Munhn and Little Hem (the Wood) 
in the parish of Forden, but the family succession in the male 
line was continued by the representative of 

Peter Lloyd op Stockton,^ second son of the Eev. Peter 
Lloyd, vicar of Forden. He married Jane,^ daughter of Richard 
Pickstock of Stockton. He, conjointly with his father-in- 
law, was churchwarden'^ of Chirbury parish in 1739. They 
had issue 

I. "John, son of Peter and Jane Lloyd, baptized 27 Decem- 
ber, 1734,"^ o.s.p, 

II. "Peter, son of Peter and Jane Lloyd, baptized 19th 
February, 1736. Buried 6 September, 1737.^^5 

III. '^ George, son of Peter and Jane Lloyd, baptized 31 
October, 1739.''^ 

He was succeeded by his third, but eldest son with issue, 
GrEORGE Lloyd OF LuGGY, in the parish of Berriew. " George 
Lloyd died 15 November, 1803, aged sixty-four years.^^^ By 
his wife Frances, daughter of Richard Henley of Welshpool, 
he had 

I. George Humphreys Lloyd, o.s.p. His monument is in 
the chancel of Chirbury church. 

II. " Richard, son of George Lloyd, gent., of Luggy, was 
baptized Jan^y 17th, 1765.'^^ He " died 11 March, 1832, 
aged sixty-six.^^^ He married Sarah, daughter of Christopher 
Comyn Higgins^ and Jane, daughter and co-heir of William 
Billingsley of Salop, by Margaret, sister and co-heir of the 
last John C^le of Oxon Hall, and Cole Hall, Salop. 

Sarah Lloyd died in 1818, aged fifty-two. Her tomb is at 
S. Alkmund's, Salop. 

1 Tomb at Forden. 

2 " Peter Lloyd married to Jane Pickstock, September 20th, 
1782" (Chirbury Register). '* Mr. Richard Pickstock" was rated 
for Stockton in 1717, and " Mr. Lloyd" also for property in Stockton 
in 1728. 

s Chirbury Records, Lloyd MS. * Chirbury Register. 

^ Chirbury Register. 

^ Family Bible. '^ Berriew Register. 

8 Tomb at St. Alkmunds, Salop. 

^ Born at Loynton Hall, parish of Norbury, Staffordshire (where 
the Higgius family were seated for many generations), and bap- 
tized at Norbury, 27th April, 1729. 



140 SHERIFFS OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

William Lloyd ^ was the second, but eldest surviving son 
with issue, of Richard and Sarah Lloyd. He died at Mel- 
bourne, Canada East, on the 28th January, 1855. He married^ 
Jane Fitzgerald, second daughter of Charles Henry Fitzgerald 
de Beaumont,^ by Jane, daughter of Captain Banner, on the 
staff, in 1777, of the Right Hon. General Burgoyne, in com- 
mand of the British army in America. They had issue 

I. William Y. Lloyd, born 14th February, 1825.^ 

II. Henry Crampton Lloyd, born 23 January, 183L 

III. Frederick Lloyd, born 18th October, 1832. 

IV. Charles W. Lloyd. 

I. Jane Fitzgerald, born 11th March, 1827, o.s.p. ii. Louisa. 
Ill, IV. Ada, Emily, twins, v. Arabella. 

Rev. William Valentine Lloyd, M.A., R.N., F.R.G.S., 
entered Shrewsbury schools 29th September, 1838, was incum- 
bent of Marton, parish of Chirbury, in 1857, and is now (1872) 
chaplain of H.M.S. Dulce of Wellington, flag-ship of Sir 
Rodney Mundy, K.C.B., Admiral and Commander-in-Chief at 
Portsmouth. He married Caroline Amelia Sophia,^ only 
daughter of Captain John Athelmer Aylmer, R.N., and sister 
of Udolphus, seventh Baron Aylmer,^ and tenth Baronet, who 
succeeded to the latter dignities on the deaths, without issue, 
of his cousins. Lieutenant-general Lord Aylmer, G.C.B., Go- 
vernor-General of, and Commander-in-Chief in, Canada (fifth 
Baron), and the brother of the latter. Admiral Frederick William, 
sixth Baron Aylmer. Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd have issue 

I. Sophia Louisa. 

II. Emily. W. Y. LI. 

^ Baptized at St. Alkmunds, Salop, in 1800. 

2 4th March, 1824, at St. Philip's, Birmingham. 

^ Son of the Marquis de Beaumont and Lady — Fitzgerald, 
daughter of Robert, nineteenth Earl of Kildare. 

^ Publicly baptized, with his brothers, at All Souls' Church, 
Langham Place, London, 81st December, 1832. 

^ The Hon. Mrs. Lloyd, and her brother, the Hon. Henry Aylmer, 
were, by royal warrant, dated from St. James's, 17th May, 18(57, 
granted the precedence of Baron's children. 

" Recorded in the College of Arms, London, pursuant to a war- 
rant of the Deputy Earl Marshall of England." 

Signed, " Albert W. Woods, 

Lancaster and Register." 

6 See " Charles Herbert of Aston," sheriff in 1608 {Mont. Coll., 
vol. V, pp. 485, n. 4 ; 486, n. 2. 

{To he continued.) 



KICHARD lLOYDT,S(iUIRE,SHKRITF, imj^TRATlOt^ NO. I 




IXOYPARMS AT MAliRiN&TON HALL CHIRB'JRY. 




AD*1584 



' VV^ Ni: ARM^' / N ST AINKL GLASS /..Tc.ARl^H 



^^^*-^^//^,.^/v^^vJ^.^ ^K MliI eman & B ass, 23 6,Holbom,]^n don. 



141 



ON SOME HUMAN BONES FOUND AT 
BUTTINGTON, MONTGOMEEYSHIKE. 

By W. BOYD DAWKINS, F.R.S. 



Among some papers which have lately demanded my 
attention, there is one relating to the discovery of 
human bones in Buttington Churchyard, a hamlet near 
Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, which is worthy of being 
placed on record, and being brought into relation with 
history.^ In the year 1838 the late Be v. Bichard 

^ At the time, a local newspaper (the Shrewslmry Chronicle) recorded 
the discovery in the following terms : — " From a correspondent. A 
•workman having been employed in the churchyard of Buttington, 
Montgomeryshire, to dig the foundation for a school-room, was inter- 
rupted in his labour by a very extraordinary discovery of immense 
quantities of human skulls, and several cart loads of human bones. 
In one circular hole, three feet and a half in diameter and three feet 
and a half deep, were found one hundred skulls, all arranged in 
mechanical order, facing the east, and covered with a single range of 
thigh and leg bones, belonging respectively to each other. In the 
other two holes, about the same depth, but very irregularly formed, 
were deposited in each about one hundred skulls, intermixed with a 
great number of bones, and all the cavities, containing a space of four- 
teen feet by five feet, were completely overlaid with bones. The teeth 
in very many of the jaw-bones were as perfect and fresh as though 
they had recently been interred. Nearly three hundred skulls, all 
appearing in the same stage of decomposition, are arranged in the 
church for the inspection of visitors, great numbers of whom have 
seen the above remains of mortality. This circumstance has natu- 
rally excited a variety of conjectures, and much historical interest. 
It is universally known that the village of Buttington in former 
times had frequently been the scene of much bloodshed, and that 
many sanguinary battles were there fought between the Saxons and 
their rapacious invaders the Danes, there being some remains of 
encampments on the rising grounds, which are generally supposed 
to be of Danish construction. In the year a.d. 894, the Danes, 



142 ON HUMAN BONES 

Dawkins, the incumbent of the parish, made a most 
remarkable discovery of human remains while digging 
the foundations for a new schoolroom at the south- 
west corner of the churchyard, and in making a path 
leading from it to the church door. He discovered 
three pits, one containing two hundred skulls, and two 
others containing exactly one hundred each ; the sides 
of the pits being lined with the long bones of the arms 
and the legs. Two other pits contained the smaller 
bones, such as the vertebrae and those of the extremities. 
All the teeth were wonderfully perfect, and the condi- 
tion of the skulls showed that the men to whom they 
belonged had perished in the full vigour of manhood. 
Some of the skulls had been fractured, and the men to 
whom they belonged had evidently come to a violent 
death. A jaw bone of a horse and some teeth were 
found in one of the pits, and among the circumstances 
noted at the time was the fact that the root of an ash 
tree, growing in the churchyard, had found its way 
through the nutrient foramen of a thigh-bone, into the 
cavity which contained the marrow, and had grown 
until it penetrated the further end of the bone, and 
finally burst the shaft : the bone and root were com- 

under Hesten, after traversing a great part of England, stationed 
themselves at Buttington, when the Generals of Alfred surrounded 
and besieged them so closely that the invaders were compelled to 
eat their own horses for subsistence. At length, however, actuated 
by despair and famine, they attempted to force their way through 
the Saxon army, but were defeated with such dreadful slaughter 
that very few, if any, escaped to their own country. The most pro- 
bable conjecture, therefore, is that the brave warriors who fell in 
this battle were interred in the field of action, and their bones after- 
wards removed to Buttington churchyard, as the place of their final 
reception." It is probable that this paragraph was from the pen of 
the Rev. John Parker of Sweeney. 

The discovery was noticed by the Rev. C. H. Hartshorne in his 
Salopia Antiqua, p. 190, note 1, in connection with the site of Ofia's 
Dyke. He states that the " Saxon Chronicle, anno 894, mentions 
a conflict at this spot between the Danes and Saxons, the latter 
being assisted by the Welsh." He adds : — " Still more recently, 
nearly the last of the sanguinary struggles of the Welsh for national 
independence was made on this spot." — (Sec. P. L. C.) 



FOUND AT BUTTINGTOK 143 

pacted together into one solid mass. These remains 
were unfortunately collected together and reinterred on 
the north side of the churchyard without being ex- 
amined by any one interested in cranio] ogy, the few 
fragments/ with some few exceptions, which escaped 
reinterment, being merely the teeth, which were sold 
at sixpence and a shilling apiece by the workmen, as a 
remedy against toothache ; for the possession of a dead 
man's tooth was supposed, by the people in the neigh- 
bourhood at that time, to prevent that malady. 

The interest in this discovery died away, and, so far as I 
know, there was no attempt made to bring it into relation 
with history, although it affords a striking proof of the 
accuracy of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. In the year 
894 we read that the Danes, probably under the com- 
mand of Hsesten, left Beamfleet, or Benfleet, in Essex, 
and, after plundering Mercia, or central England, col- 
lected their forces at Shoebury in Essex, and gathered 
together an army both from the East Anglians and the 
Northumbrians. " They then went up along the 
Thames till they reached the Severn ; then up along the 
Severn. Then Ethered the ealdorman, and ^thelnoth 
the ealdorman, and the King's thanes who were then at 
home in the fortified places, gathered forces from every 
town east of the Parret, and as well west as east of 
Selwood, and also north of the Thames and west of the 
Severn, and also some part of the North Welsh people. 
When they had all drawn together then they came up 
with the army at Buttingtune on the bank of the Severn, 
and there beset them about, on either side, in a fastness. 
When they had now sat there many weeks on both 
sides of the river, and the King was in the west in 
Devon, against the fleet, then were the enemy distressed 
for want of food, and having eaten a great part of their 

^ One of the skulls was given to Mr. Blackmore, and, probably, 
is now deposited in his Museum at Salisbury. Any member of the 
Powys-land Club, who happens to have a specimen of the skulls, 
and would lend it for examination, would render an essential ser- 
vice.— (Sec. P. L. C.) 



144 ON HUMAN BONES 

horses, the others being starved with hunger, then 
went they out against the men who were encamped on 
the east bank of the river and fought against them, 
and the Christians had the victory. And Ordheh, a 
King's thane, was there slain ; and of the Danish men 
there was great slaughter made, and that part which 
got away thence was saved by flight. When they had 
come into Essex to their fortress and the ships, then 
the survivors again gathered a great army from among 
the East Angles and the North Humbrians before 
winter, and committed their wives and their wealth and 
their ships to the East Angles, and went at one stretch, 
day and night, until they arrived at a western city in 
Wirral, which is called Legaceaster (Chester)." 

It is evident from this passage that a most desperate 
battle was fought at Buttington, between the Danes 
and the combined English and Welsh forces. And 
when we consider the position of the churchyard, which 
is slightly above the level of the fields on the east side, 
and which stands out boldly above the stretch of allu- 
vium on the north side, there can be but little doubt 
that the battle was fought on the very spot where the 
bones were discovered. In the Chronicle we read that 
the Danes were compelled to eat their horses. The 
jaw of a horse was discovered in the excavations, toge- 
ther with many horse's teeth. It is therefore almost cer- 
tain that these human remains belong to the men who fell 
in this battle. We cannot tell who arranged the bones in 
the way in which they were found ; nor do we know 
whether they belonged to Danes, English, or Welsh, 
but it is hardly probable that the victors would know- 
ingly give Christian burial to their heathen adversaries. 
The commanding position offered by the camp probably 
caused it to be chosen by the monks of the neighbouring 
abbey of Strata Marcella for the site of the present 
church, and it is very probable that they discovered the 
rehcs of the battle, and arranged them in the pits in 
the churchyard, after the same fashion as is seen in 
many crypts and catacombs. 



FOUND AT BUTTINGTON. 145 

There is another point of interest in this passage of 
the Chronicle. Buttington is said to be on the east 
bank of the Severn. Since that time the river course 
has passed to the westward to a distance of about a 
quarter of a mile. Its ancient course, however, is still 
marked by a small brook running close under the 
churchyard, and which finds its way into the Severn 
by the " main ditch." In connection with this I may 
remark that Colonel Lane Fox and myself, when exam- 
ining OfFa's dyke in the year 1869, lost all trace of it 
in passing from Forden northwards, when we arrived 
at this stream. The Severn, flowing at that time close 
to Buttington church, would form a natural barrier 
between the Mercians and the Welsh, and render the 
erection of a dyke unnecessary. There is no material 
fact added to this account in the Chronicle of Ethel- 
werd,^ or in that of Florence of Worcester, or Henry of 
Huntingdon. 

It is quite possible to trace at the present time the 
boundaries of the Danish camp. It was defended on 
the north-west by the river Severn ; on the east by a 
rampart running parallel, or nearly so, with the road to 
Forden ; on the north-east by the churchyard wall ; 
and On the south by the depression which runs down 
from the present line of the Forden road behind the 
Vicarage garden down to what was then the old course 
of the Severn. It may also have included the site of 
the out-buildings opposite to the Green Dragon Inn. 

^ In Ethelwerd's time the battle lived in the memory of the old 
inhabitants of the district — " Gesta haec quippe in Buttingtune, pre- 
dicantur a priscis." — Chronicon Ethelwerdi, Lib. iv, c. 518, RoUg 
Publ. 



VOL. VI. 



14G 



SUPPOSED STONE HATCHET 

FOUND AT 

LLANGADFAK 



This stone is described in Mont. Coll., vol. ii. p. 330, 
and is there figured. The plate gives a correct repre- 
sentation of the stone, but the dimensions are acci- 
dentally reversed. It was supposed to be an ancient 
hatchet or hoe, and was found among some rubbish 
near the rectory garden. 

Mr. John Evans, the author of '' Stone Implements 
in Great Britain," upon seeing the plate, was puzzled, 
and wished to see the stone itself, which was accord- 
ingly sent to him. 

Mr. Evans, upon examining it, reports that " he is 
unable to see any signs of its shape being due to art. 
On the contrary, he is inclined to regard it as of a 
purely natural form." 



147 



POETEAITS 
CONNECTED WITH MONTGOMERYSHIRE .^ 

AT 

POWTS CASTLE, WALCOT, OAKLY PARK, STYCHE, BLYMHILL 

RECTORY, MISS GRIFFITHES' HOUSE AT WELSHPOOL, 

BROGYNTYN AND PENIARTH. 



AT POWIS CASTLE. 

Sir William Herbert, first Lord Powys of Powys 
Castle, oh. 1655. Size, 42 inches by 33 inches. In 
striped dress. 

His wife. Lady Eleanor Percy, daughter of Henry, 
eighth Earl of Northumberland. 42 by 33. She wears 
a hoop and a curious dress of brocade, with a pointed 
stomacher, a ruffle, and a red skirt, and holds a fan. 

Roger Palmer, Earl of Castlemaine, their grand- 
son (being the son of their eldest daughter Katherine, 
by her second husband, Sir James Palmer), oh. 1 705. 
Full length, in red cloak. He is represented as dictat- 
ing to his secretary.^ 

1 Continued from voL v, p. 215. 

2 He was ambassador to the Holy See under King James II. 
An account of this embassy was published by his secretary, John 
Michael Wright, in English, and also in Italian. The Italian volume, 
in folio, was published at Rome, pp. 89, with prints. The following 
are the titles of both works, which are very rare. " An Account of 
His Excellence, Roger, Earl of Castlemaine's Embassy, from His 
Sacred Majesty, James the Ilnd, King of England, Scotland, 
France, and Ireland, &c., to His Holiness, Innocent XL Published 
formerly in the Italian Tongue, by Mr. Michael Wright, Chief 
Steward of His Excellencie's House at Rome, and now made En- 
glish, with several Amendments and Additons (sic). Licensed, 
Roger L'Estrange. London. Printed by Tho. Snowden, for the 
Author. 1688. Folio, pp. 116." "Ragguaglio della solenne com- 

l2 



148 PORTRAITS 

Percy, second Lord Powis, oh. 1662. Three-quarter 
length, 47 by 35. In black dress, white frill, gloves 
in right hand. Painted on wood by Cornelius Jansen. 

His wife, Elizabeth Craven, daughter of Sir William 
Craven, and sister to William, first Earl Craven; 47 
by 35. Black dress, white frill, holding a jewel and 
chain. Painted on wood by Cornelius Jansen. 

William, third Lord Powis, created Earl and Mar- 
quis of Powis, and, at St. Germain's, Duke of Powis. 
Three-quarter length, 49 by 40. This picture has an 
earl's coronet standing on a table. 

His wife, Lady Elizabeth Somerset, daughter of 
Edward, Marquis of Worcester. 49 by 46. Blue bro- 
cade skirt with white mantle. 

Edward, Marquis of Worcester Originally a half- 
length, which has been made into a full length. 

Lady Lucy Herbert (daughter of the first Duke 
and Marquis of Powis). 51 by 38 ; in a white or silver- 
grey dress. She was Superior of the convent of the 
English Augustine Nuns at Bruges, oh. 1744. 

Lady Mary Herbert (her sister), wife, first, of 
Caryll, third Viscount Molyneux ; and, second, of 
Francis Browne, Viscount Montague. Size, 51 by 38 ; 
in her peeress's robes, holding a coronet, and with an 
attendant. 

William, second Marquis and Duke of Powis, oh. 
1745. Three-quarter length, 49 by 40. In his peer's 
robes, holding a ducal coronet. 

His wife, Mary Preston (daughter of Sir Thomas 
Preston), oh. 1723-4. 

parsa fatta in Roma gli otto di Gennajo mdclxxxvii dall' Illustris- 
simo et Excellentissimo Signor Conte di Castelmaine, Ambasciadore 
Straordinario della Sagra Real Maesta di Giacomo Secondo, Re 
d'ighilterra, Scozia, Francia, et Ibernia, diffensore della Fede alia 
Santa Sede Apostolica, in andare pablicamente all' udienza della 
Santit^ di Nostro Signore Papa Innocenzo Undecirao. Dedicate 
air Altezza Serenissima della Duchessa di Modena, da Giovanni 
Michele Writ, Maggiordomo del medesinio Signor Ambasciadore. 
In Roma nella Stamperia di Doraenico Antonio Ercole. Con 
licenza de' Superiori." 



CONNECTED WITH MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 149 

' Three portraits : 

1. Three-quarter portrait, in her peeress's robes to 

correspond with her husband's, 49 by 39. 

2. A full-length portrait, 96 by 58, light-blue dress. 

3. An oval portrait, 28 by 24. 

William, third Duke and Marquis of Powis, as a 
child ; an oval portrait. 

Lord Edward Herbert (second son of the second 
Duke and Marquis of Powis), oh. 1734. A miniature. 

Lady Mary, Lady Ann, Lady Charlotte, and Lady 
Theresa, the four daughters of the second Duke and 
Marquis, represented in an allegorical painting on the 
ceiling of the library at Powis Castle. 

Lady Charlotte Herbert daughter of William, 
second Duke and Marquis of Powis, and wife, first, of 
Edward Morris, Esq. ; and, second, of Edward Williams, 
Esq., of Ystymcolwyn. Three-quarter length, 49 by 
39; with a lap-dog. 

Edward, first Lord Herbert of Chirbury, K.B., 
oh. 1648. 

Four portraits : 

1. A full length portrait in the robes of the order 

of the Bath, the artist not known; but the 
picture is mentioned in his autobiography. 
It is engraved in Lodge's Portraits ; also, from 
a drawing by Lady Lucy Clive, as the frontis- 
piece to Saunders and Otley's edition of Wal- 
pole's Life of Lord Herbert, 1826. 

2. A small picture by Isaac Oliver, in which Lord 

Herbert is represented as reposing on the 
ground previously to fighting a duel ; engraved 
as a folding-plate to the Strawberry Hill edi- 
tion of the life of Lord Herbert, and as a 
frontispiece to Ballantyne and John Murray's 
Edinburgh edition, 1809. 

3. An oval picture, 28 by 24. 

4. A head, surrounded by clouds, 29 by 24. 
Richard, second Lord Herbert of Chirbury, oh, 

1655. 29 by 24. Black lace collar 



150 PORTRAITS 

Edward, third Lord Herbert of Chirbury, oK 
1678. Gust. Rot. of Montgomeryshire. 

Henry, fourth Lord Herbert of Chirbury, oh. 1691. 
Gust. Eot. of Montgomeryshire. 29 by 24. Eed hair, 
and in armour. 

Lady Catherine Newport, daughter of Francis 
Newport, Earl of Bradford, and wife of Henry, fourth 
Lord Herbert of Ghirbury. Three-quarter length, 43 
by 34. 

Sir Henry Herbert, Knight, sixth brother of 
Edward, first Lord Herbert of Ghirbury, and father of 
Henry, first Lord Herbert of Ghirbury of the second 
creation ; Master of the Eevels ; o6. 1661. Painted by 
Dobson, 1639. 

Francis Herbert, Esq. of Dolgeiog and Oakly 
Park, oh. 1718-19, father of Henry Arthur, Earl of 
Powis. 29 by 24. Head ; slashed sleeves. 

Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis, oh. 1772. Lord 
Lieutenant and Gust. E-ot. of Montgomeryshire. Head, 
29 by 24^. Red dress. 

His wife Barbara, Gountess of Powis, daughter of 
Lord Edward Herbert. 29 by 24. Head ; in grey 
dress. 

Richard Herbert, Esq., brother of Henry Arthur, 
Earl of Powis. 23 by 17. Gray on; light red dress 
and white powdered wig. 

George Edward Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis, 
Lord Lieut, and Gust. Rot. of Montgomeryshire, oh, 
1801. 

Four portraits : 

1. A square picture, 29 by 24 (with internal oval). 

by Hoppner ; chocolate dress. 

2. A three-quarter length, 53 by 38, in a green 

suit. 

3. An unfinished three-quarter length, 48 by 38, 

in his peer s robes. 

4. A crayon head; as a young man. 

. His sister, Lady Henrietta Antonia Herbert, wife 



I 



CONNECTED WITH MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 151 

of Edward, Lord Clive, created Earl of Powls 1804. 
A crayon head as a girl holding a wreath. 

EoBERT, FIRST LoRD Clive, K.B. A Small miniature, 
in a brooch. 

Lady Lucy Graham, wife of Edward Herbert, Earl 
ofPowis, KG. 

Two portraits : 

1. Three-quarter length, 50 by 39, by Sir Francis 

Grant, P.R.A. Lilac dress. 

2. A three-quarter length, 49 by 37, by Say. 

White dress, holding a crayon pencil. 
Edward James, Earl of Powis, half-length, 29^ by 
241 by Sir Francis Grant, P.P. A. Painted 1843. 

Thomas Pair, usually called Old Parr, born in 1483 
at a short distance from the boundary of Montgomery- 
shire and Shropshire, and at the foot of the Breidden 
Hills. He died in 1635 when nearly 153 years of age 
(see Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 276). Portrait, size 41 by 
32 ; in brown dress, with staff in hand. 

AT WALCOT. 

Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis, Lord Lieutenant 
and Cus. Pot. of Montgomeryshire, oh. 1772. Three- 
quarter length, 54 by 43, in peer's robes, with drab 
dress suit. 

EoBERT, FIRST LoRD Clive, K.B., oh. 1774. 

Three portraits : 

1. Full length, by Dance, 94 by 58. Red uniform, 

with top boots. 

2. Three-quarter length, 49 by 39, by Dance. Bed 

uniform. This has been engraved. 

3. Full length, 93 by 57, by Charles Clive. In 

peers robes. 

His wife, Margaret Maskeleyne. Three-quarter 
length, 49 by 39 ; in a yellow dress. 

Edward, second Lord Clive, created Earl of Powis 
1804, oh. 1839. Full length, 49 by 39, when five 
years old, by Gainsborough ; blue dress. 



152 PORTRAITS 

His wife, Lady Henrietta Antonia Herbert, oh. 
1830, daughter of Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis, and 
sister and heir of George Edward Henry Arthur, Earl 
of Powis. Three-quarter length, 55 by 44 ; in light 
yellow dress, with hat. By Sir Joshua Reynolds, 
P.E.A. This has been engraved without the hat. 

Edward Herbert, Earl of Powis, K.G., Lord Lieu- 
tenant and Gust. Rot. of Montgomeryshire. Three- 
quarter length, 49 by 39, by Sir Francis Grant, P.E.A., 
with the following inscription : — 

" To the Right Hon'^^® Lucy, Countess of Powis, this Portrait of 
her most Esteemed Lord is presented by His Lordship's Friends 
and Supporters at Ludlow, in grateful commemoration of his faith- 
ful services during thirty years as their Representative in the Com- 
mons House of Parhament." 

Major-Gen. the Right Hon. Sir Percy Herbert, 
K.C.B., presented by friends and neighbours after the 
Crimean war, 55 by 43, by Sir Francis Grant, P.E-. A., 
with the following inscription : — 

" Colonel Hon^'« Percy Egerton Herbert, MP. 
Presented to Lucy, Countess of Powis, by the Walcot and Bishops 
Castle tenants and neighbours as a token of their approval of Col- 
onel Herbert's services with the Army in the Crimea, mdocclvii." 

AT OAKLY PARK. 

Egbert, first Lord Clive, K.B. Three-quarter 
length, by Dance (same as that at Walcot). 

AT STYCHE. 

Egbert, first Lord Clive, K.B. Three-quarter 
length, copied by Gainsborough from the portrait by 
Dance. 

AT BLYMHILL RECTORY, SHIFFNAL. 

The Venerable William Clive, M.A., Archdeacon of 
Montgomery and Yicar of Welshpool, son of William 
Clive of Styche brother of Eobert, Lord Clive. Three- 
quarter length, 51 by 40, by S. Laurence. Presented 
to him on the 24th of February, 1853, by the clergy 
and others. 



CONNECTED WITH MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 153 

AT MISS GRIFFITHES' HOUSE, SEVERN STREET, WELSHPOOL. 

Portrait of Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, fifth baronet, 
in the nniform of the Royal Denbigh Rifles. A copy 
byPickersgill of Jackson's picture (afterwards engraved), 
which was burnt in the fire at Wynnstay, 1858. 

Right Hon. Charles Watkin Williams Wynn, M.R, 
in the uniform of the Montgomeryshire Yeomanry Cav- 
alry, which regiment he raised and commanded from 
1803 to 1844. By Sir M. A. Shee, Bart., P.R.A. 

Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, M.P., present (sixth) 
baronet. Painted by Pickersgill, R.A., in 1842. In 
uniform of the First Life Guards. 

Corrections — Wynn Portraits. Mojitgomerij shire Collections, vol. 
V, p. 149, line 21, for " Copley," read " Hoppner" ; line 23, same 
correction. 

AT BROGYNTYN. 

Lewis Anwyl of Park and Cemmes, half length, in 
library, oh. circa 1640. 

Sir Robert Owen of Porkington, etc., etc., M.P. for 
Merioneth, afterwards for Carnarvon, oh, 1696. A 
large picture by Kneller, in library. 

John Owen, Esq., of Penrhos, county of Montgomery, 
in gallery. 

Sydney, Earl of Godolphin, Lord High Treasurer of 
England. 

Francis Owen, M.P. for Helston, died young ; had 
he lived, was to have been heir to his uncle, Francis, 
last Lord Godolphin, of Helston. He was second son of 
William Owen of Porkington, Esq., who died 1766, by 
Mary Godolphin, his wife. In the gallery. 

Mary Jane, wife of William Ormsby Gore, Esq., M.P., 
heiress of Porkington, Penrhos, etc., etc. A large pic- 
ture in breakfast-room. 

Another picture of ditto in chalk, by Sir Thomas 
Lawrence. 

William Ormsby Gore, Esq., M.P. A large picture, 
by Phillips, in dining-room. 

Robert Godolphin Owen, of Porkington, Esq. 



154 PORTRAITS, ETC. 

. Margaret, wife of Owen Ormsby, Esq., heiress of 
Porkington, etc. In chalk, by Sir Thos. Lawrence. 

Owen Ormsby of Porkington, Esq., and of Willow- 
brook, county of Sligo. In gallery. 

Sir John Owen of Clenenney, county of Carnarvon, 
Knight, the Eoyalist leader. In Mr. Gore's study. He 
was connected with Montgomeryshire only as a Colonel 
in the Eoyalist army in Wales. 

AT PENIARTH. 

A beautifully executed contemporary miniature wax 
bust, coloured, of Lewis Anwyl of Park and Cemmes, 
Esq., eldest brother of Katherine, wife of William 
Wynne of Glyn, county of Merioneth, Esq. It is in a 
morocco case, glazed. He died in 1640. 

(To he continued.) 



155 



A PAEOCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLANIDLOES.^ 

By EDWARD HAMER. 



Chapter IV. — Aech^ological {continued). 

Continuation of Earthworks. — Pen-y-Castell, No. 2. 

The view from it embraces the beautiful vale of Tref- 
eglwys and the works on Penclun and Pen-y-castell 
(No. 1). 

Although not of the usually accepted orthodox rect- 
angular form, several reasons lead the writer to con- 
jecture that this is a Roman work. The site, on a 
moderate eminence, sufficiently elevated to protect it 
against being surprised, together with its proximity 
to the brook, is just the kind likely to be selected by a 
Homan engineer, while its inconsiderable height as 
compared with the Van (which is 1,576 feet high) in 
its immediate vicinity, would lead the Britons to reject 
it. From its construction its occupants evidently ex- 
pected to be attacked from the direction of the moun- 
tain and high grounds, whither the Britons were likely 
to retreat, and who could hardly be expected to have 
a post of these dimensions in the immediate neighbour- 
hood of their camp on Penclun. The regularity of the 
design and structure, the similarity of its form to other 
well-ascertained Roman pentagonal camps, the identity 
of its name with what appears to be an undoubted 
Roman post near Llyn Ebyr ; and lastly, it seeming to be 
the last westward link in the chain of strongholds con- 
nected with Cefn Carnedd, are all reasons which tend to 
prove its Roman origin. Further proof is afforded in 
the following extract from Godwin's English Archceo- 

^ Continued from vol. v, p. 48. 



156 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

legist's Handbook, p. 23 : — " The two former {the Castra 
exploratoria and cestiva) were constructed with more or 
less care, according to the strength of the enemy or the 
remoteness of the new camp from the general base of 
operations ; and they assumed great irregularities of 
form as induced by the necessity of circumstances or 
the nature of the ground. They were generally built 
on heights, and ' have left their traces, and frequently 
their generic name Castra (Anglice ' Castle,') [and it 
may be added Welsh Castell\ on many of our principal 
hills. "^ The camp commands an excellent view of the 
Van mine and railway. 

THE ANCIENT SPUR FOUND AT THE VAN MINE. 

This relic was exhibited by the Marchioness of Lon- 
donderry (then Countess Vane) at our annual meeting 
on the 3rd October, 1871 (see Mont, Coll., vol. iv, p. 
xxxviii), and it was considered desirable that it should 
be submitted to the Society of Antiquaries of London. 
Accordingly, on 25th January, 1872, it was, with the 
consent of the owner, exhibited at the meeting of that 
society. The proceedings, which have only recently 
(January, 1873) been issued, give the following short 
notice of it : — The Secretary of the Powys-land Club 
" exhibited a small spur of brass, or a similar mixed 
metal, found recently in the great Van mine in Mont- 
gomeryshire. The arms of the spur were short, each 
about two inches long, and appear never to have been 
furnished with buckles. A slit for* a small rowel, 
which, however, had been lost, terminated the nearly 
straight neck, about one inch long. The spur probably 
belonged to the early part of the sixteenth century, 
■while back plates for the leg still remained in use, to 
which the spur was rivetted. There are several ex- 
amples of this spur in the Meyrick Collection of 
Armour." {Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, 
vol. V, p. 235.) 

^ A tenement called Pen-y-castell existed near the earthwork in 
the year 1627, but it has disappeared since that date, or its name 
has become changed. 



o § 

o K 










OF LLANIDLOES. 157 

While digging for the purpose of forming a water- 
course on the floor of the mine some six or seven years 
ago, the excavators, at a depth of about nine or ten 
feet, came upon a deposit of ashes and bones, the latter 
supposed to be human. 

Pen-y-clun Camp. — The British post alluded to in 
the account of the preceding earthwork is situated 
rather more than a mile to the westward, accommodat- 
ing its form to the crest of a high isolated hill above 
Pen-dun farm. It is situated nearly three miles to 
the north-west of Llanidloes, on the right-hand side of 
the old mountain road leading to Machynlleth. The 
precipitous nature of the ground thoroughly protects 
the camp upon its northern and eastern sides, and that 
portion of the hill which faces the vale of Ceryst con- 
sists of a number of natural platforms, ranging one 
above the other, and admirably adapted for the pur- 
poses of defence ; yet, to make this part of the hill 
secure, a circular line of works, consisting of an agger 
one hundred and forty yards in length, stretching from 
one slope of the crest to the other, has been constructed. 
Eighty yards to the north-west of this line another 
stronger rampart and fosse, almost in the form of a 
horse-shoe, forms the inner enclosure of the camp. The 
space thus enclosed is nearly level, sloping slightly to 
the west. On the latter side the hill slopes very gra- 
dually in the direction of the old mountain trackway, 
and therefore required extra works to guard against 
approach ; accordingly, at a distance of forty yards from 
the last-mentioned line, is a similar strong agger and 
deep fosse, extending from the vicinity of the old road 
in a semicircular sweep across the hill to a point where 
the nature of the ground needs no artificial assistance 
to render the approach inaccessible. The entrance to 
the camp is on the western side, and is strongly pro- 
tected. A good view of the work may be obtained from 
the old road at a short distance in its rear. The site 
commands a clear view of the upper vale of the Ceryst 
and the Trefeglwys valley as far as Caersws ; to the 



158 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

right the town of Llanidloes may be seen nestling in a 
hollow, the view being bounded by the Rhydd Hywel 
and the Kerry hills ; looking to the rear may be seen the 
work above Crywlwm and Plinlimmon in the distance. 
Pen-y-castell, numbers 2 and 1, may be seen in front, 
and the entrenched hill of the Yoel in the parish of 
Llandinam to the right, so that its situation admirably 
adapts it for a camp of observation, while its size would 
lead us to think it was not intended for a lengthy occu- 
pation. When an inroad occurred, the Hocks, herds, 
and non-combatants doubtless found a refuge in the 
large camp on the Dinas, situated about two miles to 
the north-east, just within the limits of the parish of 
Trefeglwys. 

Pen-y-gaer. — On the summit of a high hill, called 
Pen-y-gaer, situated behind the farmstead of Crywlwm, 
rather more than a mile to the south-west of Penclun, 
is an elliptical rampart of loose stones, connected by 
local tradition with the Druids. This wall or rampart 
is in some places several yards broad, and from two to 
three feet high. This height, and originally it could 
not have been many inches higher, could not be of 
much service for military purposes, unless perhaps it 
formed one of the outlying look-out stations connected 
with the Dinas. The enclosed space measures seventy- 
five yards in its longer diameter, and fifty-five in its 
shorter. An inner circle is said to have formerly 
existed, but no traces of it are now to be seen. The 
pick and spade, if judiciously employed, would per- 
haps throw a stream of light upon the age and pur- 
pose of the work. Immense quantities of the stones 
have been and are still occasionally removed for the 
construction of "dry walls," which form the fences of 
these exposed hill tops. Stones are plentiful in the 
neighbourhood, so that there is no necessity for this 
wanton destruction of these hoary memorials of the 
past. The land upon which it is situated belongs to 
Miss Mytton. 

In a plantation on the adjoining farm of Bryntail 



OF LLANIDLOES. 159 

are large masses of detached rocks, which lie in such 
fantastic forms that it is not surprising to find a tra- 
dition current among the country people of the vicinity 
ascribing their connection with Druid ical rites. 

Querns. — When the malthouse situated at the bot- 
tom of Long Bridge Street was converted into a factory, 
a quern or haiidmill was found on the premises. The 
writer, however, has failed to discover what became of 
it. The whole of the block of buildings of which the 
malthouse formed a part belonged to the Berthlloyd 
estate. The stones of two separate querns were to be 
seen a short time ago in the garden belonging to the 
Green ; but very little attention was paid to them.^ 

Coins. — No Roman coins are known to have been 
discovered within the limits of the parish. Several 
silver pennies of Edward I have been found, and groats 
and half-groats of some of his immediate successors. 

On the site of the old foundry in Short Bridge 
Street gold coins have, for several years, at different 
periods, been discovered here when the soil was turned 
over. They were rose nobles of the reign of Edward 
III. When a lad, the writer remembers seeing six of 
them in a small box in the possession of a person who 
purchased them for their value as old gold. Some 
years later, when he wanted to purchase one of them, he 
was informed that they had been sold to a Birmingham 
firm. The rose noble was of the value of 6s. 8d., and 
perhaps the most beautiful coin issued from the Eng- 
lish Mint. It has thus been described : — " The obverse 
has the king, armed and crowned, standing in a ship, 
with St. George's cross at the mast-head, having a 
sword in his right hand and his left bearing a 
shield with the English lions passant, and the French 
lilies quarterly. Legend, ' Edward Dei grat. Eex 
Angl. et Franc. D. Hyb.' Eeverse — eight arches in 
the trefoils with a cross fleure in the centre, with 

^ They are doubtless in the garden at present, being the property 
of the trustees of the Green estate, who would, perhaps, consent to 
their removal to the Club Museum. 



160 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

crowns and lions and lilies alternately. Legend, *Ihs 
autem tran^iens p. medium illarum iba.* In the centre 
a four-leaved rose enclosing the letter E. The ship is 
supposed to be commemorative of a great victory gained 
over the French off Sluys in 1340." 

Several coins have at various times been found by 
the sexton while digging graves in the old churchyard, 
some of them dating from the reign of Edward I. A 
small silver coin of the time of Elizabeth and a half- 
crown of the time of James II, have also been picked up. 

The late Mr. Owen Da vies (see " Biographical Sec- 
tion of Parochial Account of Llangurig'y possessed a 
large number of gold and silver coins which had been 
sold to him by people ignorant of their true value. 
Among them were several rose nobles, silver coins of 
the later Plan ta genets, and some rectangular coins 
said to be the production of the Mint established by 
Charles I at Aberystwith. This collection is supposed 
to have found its way to the melting-pot, or into the 
hands of one of the jewellers of the large towns. 

The following is an engraving of an old trade-token, 
struck by one of the tradesmen, Jenkin Thomas, in the 




early part of the reign of Charles II. Another trade 
token, of the value of one penny, was struck by Mr. 
Cole of Glanclywedog in the early part of the present 
century. 



Chapter Y. — Ecclesiastical. 

1. Patron Saint — It appears from the genealogies of 
the British Saints, printed in the MyvyrianArchaiology, 

^ Mont Coll., vol. iii, p. 248. 



N° I 




N° 2 




\x^n\j\m^. (y\{:\ 



r' , 




/7/r 



tctt^U 



N? 3 



_ y 



S ) 



') 



- C<j:^ 







-r.. 







iiiirilTIOni. C[- 



^ CflLE . Of u_4..^^ \ \ \. 



A.Mai^gO];(late Ma.-liii-f i C?) 



N9 4 




I 



I 







fj/i m.ihfjM j^fuu ^ 



i.W3c^^(ic(latt"llii.-iiir» & C?) 



NO 5 



IjIflJA.^CIJjiU}. 




H° 6 



1 \ 1 >^ET^ 



>^EjcvrB;$' OF. f^tbP 



OlMD, ^ 




l/ly^ 



3t]fi(-IL Jf MF^t npO^ 'f/f IMCH -[1)1 







lUL!)IN®S.1m]» 1 HO]. 



A Mar<ij«^M ] au Huliirp t C? 1 



N«? 7 



^ll\lf\^lQ^\. 6^. ^u\. ^\m\m 




NO 8 



aflrtji)iLH^',(^ 




■\4ri\lt SrillJ)«$:.^i|lWiM@ mffEi\lNCMK.^H^M 











i.lfjiiiffiat;:.rt Vb.-3-jre i C'l 



OF LLANIDLOES. 161 

(Gee's reprint, p. 42G), tiiat three different manu- 
scripts agree in describing the patron saint of Llanid- 
loes as the son of G wyddnabi ab Llawfrodedd. One of 
the MSS. distinguishes Llawfrodedd by the appellation 
" Farfog coch '' (red-bearded), while another styles him 
" farchog coch," the red knight or horseman. Nothing 
appears to be known of our saint's father beyond his 
name ; but the Triads, whatever their historical value 
may be, have preserved some facts connected with the 
life of the grandparent, which we will briefly notice. He 
was a distinguished chieftain who lived in the early part 
of the sixth century, having for his contemporaries the 
Arthurian heroes and poets. In the 85th triad of the 
third series {My v. Arch., p. 408) he is ranked among 
the three " Buelydd Gosgordd ynys Prydain," or tribe 
herdsmen of the Isle of Britain,, being responsible for 
the cattle of Nudd Hael, the son of Senyllt, in whose 
herds there were 21,000 milch cows; and from the 
11th triad of the series, entitled Trioedd y Meirch 
(Myv. Arch., p. 394), we learn that he was owner of 
one of the three principal cows of the Isle of Britain, 
which was named Cornillo or Carnillo. The chieftain's 
knife was one of the thirteen royal curiosities of the 
Isle of Britain, and was possessed of marvellous pro- 
perties, for it would serve four-and-twenty men at once. 
{Eminent Welshmen, Art. " Llawfrodedd "). Such are 
some of the glimpses w^hich the Triads afford us of the 
position and calling of this old worthy. Dr. 0. Pughe, 
in his Cambrian Biography, erroneously identified him 
with Llawgad Trwm Bargod, the assassin of the pro- 
mising young chieftain Avaon, the son of Taliesin ; 
but Mr. Williams, in his Eminent Welshmen, correctly 
treats them as two different persons. Another Llaw- 
frodedd appears in the pedigree of Hedd Molwynog, 
founder of one of the fifteen tribes of North Wales ; 
he was fourth in descent from Rodri Mawr, whose death 
occurred about the year 877. 

Little or nothing is known regarding the life of 
Idloes himself, more than that he was famed for his 

VOL. VI. M 



162 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

piety, and tliat he founded the church which still pre- 
serves his name. It is highly probable that, in his 
youth, he received an education and training suitable 
to his position, and that, later in life, in accordance 
with the custom of the age in which he lived, he betook 
himself to one of the religious houses of North Wales 
— the Universities of those days — to qualify himself 
for the labours with which his riper age was identified. 
Llanbadarn and Bangor were at this time famed seats 
of learning. After the defeat of Brochwel Ysgythrog 
in the first decade of the seventh century, the estab- 
lishment at Bangor Iscoed was broken up, and the 
clergy became dispersed over the country. It was 
about this time that districts or parishes were set 
apart for the maintenance of a priest ; for early in the 
seventh century, according to Rowlands (Mona An- 
tiqua, p. 152, 1st ed.), no less than 300 were formed 
in North Wales. To this period the missionary portion 
of our saint's life belongs,^ and he was doubtless one of 
the clergy dispersed over the Principality, more espe- 
cially the northern part, about the years 607-610 a.d. 
That he obtained a widespread reputation for piety 
and meekness of character we know from the testi- 
mony of one of the anonymous authors of those old 
triplet stanzas styled Englynion Clywed, which had 
become " household words " among the ancient and 
mediaeval Welsh. 

'^ A glyweisti a gant Idloes 
Gwr guar hygar j einyoes 
Goreu Kynnyd Kadu moes."^ 
[Hast thou heard how Idloes sang, 
A man of meekness, amiable in his life. 
The best quality is a good deportment.]^ 

A slightly different version is given in the lolo MSS., 
in the collection of stanzas entitled Chwedlaur Doe- 

* Professor Rees {Welsh Saints, p. 298) states that he flourished 
between the years 600 and 634 a.d. 
2 Myv. Arch. (Gee's reprint, p. 197). 
2 Owen's Gambrian Biography, p. 194. 



OF LLANIDLOES. 163 

thion (the Sayings of the Wise), at p. 251, taken from 
the book of Tre Bryn ; it runs as follows :— 
'' A gly waist ti cliwedl hen idloes 
Gwr gwar hygar ei Einioes 
Gorea cynneddf yw cadw moes/' 

[Hast thou heard the saying of old Idloes^ 
A mild man of respected life. 
The best quality is that of maintaining morals.] 

IoloM8S.,^.e>h\. 
Lewis Glyn Cothi (Works, p. 332), in describing 
the good qualities of his patron, Dafydd Amhredydd, 
speaks of him as 

" Oediawg o varchawg da ei voes ydoedd 
Mai Sadwrn neu Idloes." 

2. The Church is situated in the north part of the 
town, upon a site which overlooks the junction of 
the rivers Severn and Clywedog. Apart from its name, 
there exists at present, as far as we are aware, neither 
record nor relic to connect it with its founder, though 
there is much to indicate the changes it has undergone 
since the time that the humble wooden building, with 
its straw thatch, sheltered the primitive congregation 
assembled to hear the venerable Idloes. The tower, 
some of the windows, and the rafters and beams of the 
north aisle, are generally believed to have formed part 
of the chm-ch as it existed prior to the Eeformation. 
It appears to have undergone considerable repairs in 
the reign of Queen Anne, and again a century later, 
when the south and east walls were taken down and 
rebuilt. In the year 1816 the church was re-seated at 
a cost of £1,600. About this time several old valuable 
relics disappeared. The factotum who carried out the Rev. 
J. Davies' notions of church restoration was an ignorant 
old mason, who blindly followed the direction of his 
employer, who was wont to excuse his Vandalism on 
the plea of making the church more comfortable. To 
this period we owe the brown wash smearing which so 
disfigures the piers of the arches, and which obliterated 
the wall-paintings in the north aisle. The rev. gentle- 

M 2 



164 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

man more than once expressed his intention to have 
the beautiful roof ceiled " to make the church 
warmer." The alterations carried out during the in- 
cumbency of Mr. Pugh, which will be alluded to in a 
subsequent paragraph, were happily more enlightened. 

Situated in an obscure part of the town, with a rude, 
ill-proportioned, and unattractive exterior, constructed* 
of the stone of the neighbourhood, the church is not 
likely to claim the attention of an ordinary observer, 
nor to lead him for a moment to think that such a 
rough shell contains such a fine roof, and such excel- 
lent specimens of early English piers and arches. At 
present it consists of a south porch, a nave, and a north 
aisle, together with a massive tower at the west end. 

It has two entrances, both situated on the south 
side;^ the principal one is that through the porch, the 
other by means of a small door near the east end of the 
building. The porch is of considerable size, measuring 
internally about 10 feet 4 inches by 10 feet 4 inches. 
It contains in its east wall, at a convenient distance 
from the ground, the remains of a stoup which was 
used before the Eeformation as a receptacle for the 
holy water to be used before the threshold of the church 
was crossed. 

The nave measures internally about seventy-eight feet 
by twenty-seven feet, and is separated from the north 
aisle by five pointed arches of sandstone supported 
by piers, having columnar facings of small shafts, and 
capitals ornamented with palm leaves and other designs. 
The piers incline to the form of a lozenge in their section, 
being 4 feet 6 inches from corner to corner diagonally, 
while the length of the sides is 3 feet 10 inches. Each 
pier has a facing of a cluster of three three-quarter 
shafts at each corner, and a similar cluster of like shafts 
on each of the four sides, forming altogether a pier of 
great elegance and beauty, being faced by eight clus- 
ters of shafts, or ornamented by twenty-four shafts in 

1 The writer has made considerable use of the paper on Abbey 
Cwm-hir written by the late Mr. Rees of Cascob, in portions of this 
chapter. 



OF LLANIDLOES. 165 

all. Each of the three-quarter shafts is 4f inches in 
diameter, and the space between each cluster on the 
pier is six inches. The height of the piers to the top 
of the capitals on the cluster of shafts is 10 feet, and 
from the ground to the top of the arches 18| feet. The 
arches are but slightly pointed, and are each of them 
ornamented on the south side with six round rib 
mouldings, filleted alternately, the ends of which are 
on the capitals of the clustered shafts of the piers, two 
on each cluster. The distance or open space between 
the piers is 12 feet 9 inches, except between the two 
most western, where it is only 8 feet 9 inches; this dif- 
ference will be accounted for in a subsequent paragraph. 
A filthy brown lime- wash, coarsely laid on, conceals the 
beautiful workmanship of the capitals. In these days 
of church restoration it is greatly to be regretted that 
the churchwardens are not in a position to have them 
scraped and cleaned, and to have the roof thoroughly 
repaired. 

Whether the present ground-plan of the church is 
identical with the original one cannot now, perhaps, 
be positively determined ; the writer, however, is of 
opinion that the present north aisle (which measures 
internally 75 feet by 18 feet) was enlarged about the 
time of the introduction of the arches, etc., into the 
church, and that the old timber work of the nave 
was used in constructing the roof of the aisle. There 
exist ample traces of this timber having been used pre- 
vious to its being placed in its present position. 

Perhaps the greatest attraction of the church is its 
magnificent roof erected over the nave. It is an open 
wooden roof, highly pitched, the principal rafters being 
footed upon hammer beams resting upon the walls, 
which have two sets of wall-plates, one upon the in- 
ternal the other upon the external face of the wall. The 
hammer beams are further supported by spandrel pieces 
resting upon corbels fixed in the walls about four feet 
below the hammer beams. The principal rafters have 
wind beams and richly moulded circular ribs passing 
under them, which impart to the roof a vaulted appear- 



166 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

ance. The purlins which support the common rafters 
are framed into the principals, and the common rafters 
are tenoned into the purlins, which are richly moulded, 
as are also the muUions, which are of equal size with 
them, dividing the roof into a number of compart- 
ments, which are pannelled with oak. 

The ends of the hammer beams are ornamented with 
exquisitely-carved figures in wood, which evince genius 
of no common order on the part of the artist. Several 
of these figures are still furnished with wings in a more 
or less mutilated condition ; others near the eastern 
end of the roof are charged with religious subjects, in- 
scriptions, and dates. Originally they were thirty- 
four^ in number, but only thirty remain at present, the 
two western figures upon each side of the roof having 
been removed. Commencing at the east end, on the 
north side of the nave, the first figure is that of a 
female, evidently intended for the Virgin ; she has a 
scroll in her hand, which extends to her feet, where it 
terminates in a roll bearing the date 1 700.^ Upon the 
scroll is inscribed the sentence, " Glory to God on high." 
This figure is of far inferior workmanship to the rest. 
The second figure is charged with the sacred mono- 
gram I.H.S. ; the third with what appears to be a ham- 
mer and spear crossing each other, with a crown of 
thorns encircling them at the point of intersection. 
Underneath this figure, just above the corbel support- 
ing the spandrel, is a carving representing a bird of 

1 When we take into consideration the fact that, in the early part 
of the present century, the children who attended the church school 
were in the habit of bird-nesting, and playing hide and seek along 
the wall on which the hammer beams rest, we are only surprised to 
find that the destruction was not much greater. That little quaint old 
being, Mr. Lowe, who was for many years parish sexton, would 
sometimes relate, in his emphatic manner, to the lads assembled 
round the church stove, that one of the displaced images was that of 
no less a personage than his Satanic Majesty, whose presence the 
young school Vandals would not tolerate. 

2 From this date and that of the royal arms (1702), placed at 
present in the organ loft, it may, perhaps, be inferred, that the 
church underwent some repairs in the reign of Queen Anne. 



OF LLANIDLOES. 167 

prey picking out the eyes of a victim. On the fourth 
figure is a representation of a broken or imperfect 
column, probably intended to signify death. The fifth 
bears the letters ano. Dm, 1542. The first figure on 
the south side, commencing at the east, is modern, but 
the second is uniform with the rest, and has displayed 
upon it a representation of the hands, heart, and feet 
of our Saviour, symbols of the five wounds ; the third 
bears the cross with two ladders supporting it ; and 
the fourth three nails. Originally the charges on these 
figures were doubtless intended to keep the leading in- 
cidents of our Lord's Passion constantly in mind of the 
spectator. The fifth image corresponds with that on 
the opposite side of the nave, and bears the legend 
ARH 8.33, MF. 2\' the inscriptions on both were inter- 
preted by the late Eev. Evan Pughe to signify the " 2nd 
day of the month of February, in the 33rd year of the 
reign of Henry YIII, and in the year of our Lord 1542.'' 

Considerable genius and ingenuity have also been 
displayed in the execution of a secondary set of figures 
which, in some instances, are carved out of the base of 
the spandrel, and in other cases attached to it. They 
are in the most grotesque and sensational style, each 
figure being a separate study. Whether the artist 
desires to convey to the observer the ideas of stupidity, 
simplicity, delight, agony, etc., etc., he rarely fails to 
make himself understood. 

Formerly a beautiful, elaborately-traced oak pannel- 
ling occupied the space between the wall-plate and the 
roof of the nave, but it was in part destroyed by the 
schoolboys already alluded to, who had free access to 
it from the upper of the two old galleries which 
formerly existed at the west end, and which were 
pulled down previous to the erection of the present 
organ-loft. The pannelhng had totally disappeared 
about the year 1816, when the church underwent re- 
pairs. Mr. Pughe, shortly after his appointment to 
the vicarage, caused the space to be filled up with 
lath and plaster, and coloured so as to correspond with 
the timber work. 



168 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

An exquisitely-carved screen formerly separated the 
nave from what might then be denominated the chancel. 
Several persons now living remember it well. It was 
taken down in 1816, when the church was re-pewed, 
and was never replaced. The old railing round the 
communion table, the old oak pulpit, and the old 
carved seats shared a similar fate. 

The fine east-end window (a sketch of which appears 
in the view of the interior) is generally believed to 
have been brought from Abbey Cwmhir, as it is too 
large to have been inserted in the old east-end wall 
before it was raised. Early in the present century^ the 
south and east walls were taken down and rebuilt, 
because they were deemed to be in a dangerous state ; 
the windows sufiered by the process ; none of them to 
such an extent as that at the east end, which does not 
at present occupy the centre of the nave. The present 
east window of the north aisle, supposed to have been 
originally inserted in the east wall of the nave, is the 
only other window which deserves notice. 

The font is placed in a recess between the nave and 
the north aisle, near the west end of the church. It is 
of modern construction, the material used being wood. 
The old stone font in use in the early part of the century 
was for some reason or other discarded about the time 
of reseating the church, and was discovered some years 
ago among the rubbish of the belfry. It is of octa- 
gonal shape, and is figured on one of the plates. The 
hollow basin is large enough for the total im-mersion of 
an infant. 

The pulpit is of hexagonal form, surmounted by a 
canopy, and attached to the centre of the south wall of 
the aisle. 

Attached to the wall separating the nave from the 
chancel, near the communion table, is an old helmet, 
once doubtless belonging to a member of the old Berth- 

^ A stone placed above the window in the exterior face of the 
wall bears the date 1811 — probably the year when the work was 
finished. 



OF LLANIDLOES. 169 

loyd family, whose burial place lies in this part of the 
church. 

The beautiful decalogue-table placed upon the east 
wall, beneath the window, was designed by Mr. Blount 
of Shrewsbury, and set up during the incumbency of 
Mr. Pughe. The present gallery was built in the year 
1846 for the reception of the organ, which was pre- 
sented to the church by the late Thomas Evans, Esq., 
of Maenol, and set up by Jackson of Bolton. 

Distempered paintings, representing scriptural sub- 
jects and texts, formerly ornamented the wall of the 
north aisle, but successive coats of limewash have obli- 
terated them ; traces of them can, however, be seen 
after the prevalence of wet weather for a few days, but 
the subjects cannot be made out. 

The tower is situated at the west end of the nave, is 
of square form, massive, plain in construction, with 
strong sloping buttresses, and surmounted by a wooden 
belfry. The latter is reached by a spiral stone staircase of 
fifty-two steps. The height of the tower itself is about 
65 feet. Previous to the year 1824 the belfry contained 
only three bells, and one of these, the tenor, had been 
wantonly injured by the clerk's son striking it with an 
axe. A subscription was set on foot, and £300 was 
raised to purchase and set up a new peal of six bells. -^ 
They were cast by Meares of London, and are much 
admired for their sweetness of sound. They bear the 
following names : — Eev. John Davies, vicar; Richard 

1 The smallest of the three old bells forms part of the present 
Trefeglwys peal, the other two were used by the founder in casting 
the new peal. The old tenor had a fine tone, and had many ad- 
mirers, among whom was an old carpenter named Richard Owen, who 
resided near the church. When the new bells were placed in the tower 
Owen had become a feeble old man, and was very anxious to hear 
his favourite's successor, frequently telling his neighbours *' that his 
only wish was to hear one toll from the big bell before he died." 
His wish was gratified ; but, on hearing it, he exclaimed at once, 
" Ah ! it is not equal to the old one, there's a fizzing about it which 
spoils the tone." The " fizzing" which offended the old man gra- 
dually wore away as the metal became hardened by the continual 
stroke of the tongue. 



170 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

Jervis, senior ; Ricliard Ashton, and John Francis, 
churchwardens. The names of the gentlemen who 
formed the committee for raising the fund ; viz. George 
Hears, Esq. ; W. H. Marsh, Esq. ; T. E. Marsh, Esq. ; 
Thomas Price, Esq. ; Eichard Jervis, surgeon ; David 
Evans, and David Davis Currier, are inscribed on the 
third, fourth, and fifth bells. In the ''steeple" may 
be seen the remains of the old clock which formerly had 
its dial upon the south wall of the tower. A great 
boon would be conferred upon the town by repairing 
and reinstating it, or by obtaining a new one, for at 
present there is no public clock in the town. 

The following inscriptions are upon tablets erected 
in the church : — 

Upon one of the pillars facing the nave is a tablet, 

Sacred to the memory of David Lloyd, Gent., of Glandulas, 
in this parish, who departed this life, April 23rd, 1811^ aged 68. 

Also Jane Lloyd, his daughter, who died February 3rd, 
1813, aged 38. 

Upon the wall of the north aisle — ■ 

Sacred to the memory of George Mears^ of Dol-llys, who 
died April 11th, 1849, after many years of most patient suffer- 
ings j beloved and lamented. 

In memory of John Marsh,^ solicitor, of Llanidloes and 
Carno, who was born Nov. 27th, 1816, died April 16th, 1862, 
and whose mortal remains are deposited in this church. 

Also in memory of Thomas Edmund Marsh, son of the above 
John Marsh, who died in infancy. 



Sacred to the memory of Robert Ingram, died January 6th, 
1795, aged 39. 

Also of Mary, his wife, who died February 10th, 1820, aged 
67 years. 

On the chancel wall to the north of the east window: 
Sacred to the memory of Charles Cole, who died on the 14th 

1 Son to the high sheriff for 1812. 

2 Was town clerk of Llanidloes from 1846 to 1852, and from 
1858 to 1861. 



OF LLANIDLOES. l7l 

of May, 1821, aged 61 years. During twenty-four years' resi- 
dence in the parish, he uniformly preserved the esteem of his 
neighbours; by his active exertions he encouraged and extended 
the manufactures of the place ; and by his liberality he pro- 
vided employment for the industrious poor, to whom he was a 
kind and constant benefactor.^ 

Also in memory of Alice, relict of the above Charles Cole, 
who died the 13th day of May, 1835, aged 71. 

Also in memory of Bowen Woosnam,^ solicitor, who died the 
3rd of September, 1841, aged 70. 

Also in memory of Elizabeth Alicia, daughter of the above 
Bowen Woosnam, and wife of the Eev. George Fisher of the 
Royal Hospital, Greenwich, who died the 4th of April, 1846, 
aged 38. She was buried at Little Bowden, Northampton- 
shire, where she died. 

The old families of the neighbourhood — the Lloyds 
of Berthlloyd, the Glynns of Glyn-Clywedog, the In- 
grams of Glyn-Hafren, the Owens of the Garth — v^ere 
interred in the church near the east end. 

A tourist named Edward Pughe, in a work published 
at Ruthin in 1813, in his description of the interior of 
the church, mentions a "picture of the Lord's Supper, 
which might easily be passed over in silence were it 
not stated that it was painted by the poet Dyer while 
on a visit to a friend at Newtown. He painted several 
pictures, of which this is one. A sign painter of this 
town, who died a few years since, suggested to the pa- 
rishioners the necessity of retouching it. He was im- 
mediately employed, and has not left a trace of Dyer's 
painting, with the exception of the ungraceful outline, 
which, if at all Dyer's, must have been one of his juven- 
ile performances." In reply to an application for in- 
formation regarding the fate of this picture, the late 
Rev. E. Pughe wrote to say, " I came across the paint- 
ing of the Last Supper. I must say that I never saw 
anything more droll, disproportionate as to figures, or 
more full of burlesque, in my life. I had it washed, 

^ See chapter iii (Manafactures) . 

2 First mayor of the borough of Llanidloes under the New Muni- 
cipal Act in 1886. 



172 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

when the colours came a little more to view, and it 
looked like one of the resuscitations of Nineveh." 

Great diflPerence of opinion has existed, and still exists, 
regarding the place whence the arches and roof came ; 
indeed, there are those who maintain that they were 
originally designed for the church. Few men have 
studied the ecclesiastical architecture of the Principality 
more attentively and intelligently than the late Revs. 
J. Parker and H. L. Jones, or the Venerable Arch- 
deacon Basil Jones, and Dr. Freeman, and they may 
perhaps be regarded as our leading authorities who 
have written upon the subject. At Llanidloes there 
exists no doubt whatever that the chief ornaments of 
the church were brought from the ruinated Abbey of 
Cwm-hir in the time of the eighth Henry ; yet we 
learn, from a speech delivered by the Rev. H. L. Jones 
before the Cambrian Archaeological Association at* 
Welshpool, August 18th, 1856, that Mr. Freeman and 
the Rev. W. Basil Jones denied the theory of the 
arches being brought from Radnorshire, while the Rev. 
John Parker, whose opinion was not of less authority, 
believed that they had been removed thence.^ The 
writer has never seen any statement of the reasons 
which induced such excellent authorities to discredit 
the removal of the arches from the abbey. Perhaps if 
these gentlemen and those who hold their opinion 
were to examine the matter more closely, they would 
find strong reasons for modifying their views. Some 
of these reasons, which apply more particularly to the 
removal of the arches, may be thus briefly stated : — 

Perhaps the greatest difiiculty in accepting the 
general opinion was the practicability of the removal 
of the materials from the site of the abbey, for a dis- 
tance of thirteen miles across a wild mountainous 
country, at a period when no roads existed, and when 
the means of transit were extremely rude ; yet the 
stone of which the arches are built is not to be found 
in the neighbourhood of Llanidloes, the nearest place 
^ Arch. Camhrensis, 1856, p. 348. 



OF LLANIDLOES. 173 

wliere the same kind of stone exists being more distant 
than the abbey, so that even if the pillars were origin- 
ally intended for the church, the materials must have 
been carried for a greater distance, and probably in an 
undressed state, and consequently under more difficult 
conditions of transport than if conveyed from the 
ruins. 

Leland, who received a commission from Henry VIII 
" to make search after England's antiquities," visited 
Llanidloes between the years 1533 and 1536, and has 
left a record of the visit. If the pillars and the roof 
had been in their present position at the time he visited 
the town they would not have escaped his notice. 

That the present roof is not in its original position 
may plainly be seen from an examination of the wall 
which separates the nave from the tower, distinct 
traces of the position of the old roof being yet visible. 
Indeed, it was only during the incumbency of Mr. 
Pughe that Mr. Eichard Brown, builder, was- employed 
to chip off the remains of the drip-stone which origin- 
ally protected the old roof A portion of the stone 
ledge which runs round the tower is still visible inside the 
church, a few feet above the apex of the old roof The 
present roof, with its slope much more acute than the 
old one, was raised some ten or twelve feet in order 
that the arches might be accommodated. Any casual 
observer cannot fail to notice the utter want of propor- 
tion between the height of the present roof and that 
of the belfry, a disproportion which did not exist in 
the old roof, which was more in character with the 
original design of the building and the surrounding 
churches of the district. The roof has been raised as 
high as it could be raised without increasing the height 
of the tower to correspond with it. 

When the site of the ruinated church of Abbey Cwm- 
hir was cleared in 1827, it was discovered that the 
building had consisted of a nave, with side aisles and a 
transept, and that the nave had been separated from 
the side aisles by thirteen piers, which, with the abut- 



174 A PAKOCHIAL ACCOUNT 

ments at the ends, had sustained two sets of fourteen 
arches. The bases of the greater number of the piers, 
and portions of two or three of the piers themselves to 
the height of three or four feet, remained sufficiently 
well preserved to show their formation when perfect. 
The section in form and dimensions, "the columnar 
facings of the piers,'' according to Mr. Kees, " and also 
the abutments at the end of the arches, were likewise 
similar at each place [Llanidloes and the Abbey] ; also 
the capitals on the clusters of three shafts on some of 
the piers in the church of Llanidloes, consist of carved 
palm leaves similar to those observed on the ornamental 
jambs of the principal doorway entrance iuto the abbey 
church as aforesaid." Mr. Rees, on comparing the 
dimensions with those of similar piers and arches in the 
cathedrals of Llandaflf and Wells, infers that the arches 
were at least four feet higher in their original position 
at Cwm-hir. We have already shown that the roof of 
the church at Llanidloes was raised for the better re- 
ception of the pillars ; yet, if his inference is correct, 
they had to be shortened by four feet to accommodate 
them to their new situation, a fact which accounts for 
the lowness of the arch. Again, the open space be- 
tween the piers on the site of the abbey church was 
12 feet 9 inches, the same being between five of the 
piers at Llanidloes, an uniform space which it was 
found impossible to preserve so as to insert the five 
arches in Llanidloes church ; accordingly, the space 
between the two western piers had to be made four 
feet less to suit the length of the church. If the 
pillars and their incumbent arches were originally de- 
signed for the church, would not the architect have 
contrived that these spaces should have been uniform, 
and the true proportion of the pointed arch of that 
period better preserved ? 

The same want of uniformity of design and evident 
adaptation of materials at hand is also visible in the 
construction of portions of the roof It will be found 
that the corbels which support the spandrels are not 



OF LLANIDLOES. 175 

uniform, nor that the diversity is regular or according 
to any plan ; four-fifths are composed of the large 
facing stones of the piers, others consist of portions of 
the ornamental capitals, and one is the upper part of a 
carved ram s head, which appears to have previously 
done duty in another situation. Another instance of 
the use to which the spare materials from the piers 
and arches were put, may be found in the short pillars 
and low semicircular arch at the entrance from the 
porch into the church. 

The Abbey of Cwm-hir was dissolved in the year 
1536, when there were only three monks resident, 
and the revenues and possessions passed to the king, 
who in 1538 granted them for a term of years to a 
gentleman of the name of John Turner, who had pre- 
viously been the king's minister m attending to them. 
It w^as probably during his tenure of the property that 
the removal of the materials to Llanidloes took place. 
It has already been noticed that two of the images in 
Llanidloes church bear an inscription and date ap- 
parently recording an event which took place on the 
2nd day of February, in the 33rd year of the reign of 
Henry VIII, and in the year of our Lord 1542, a date 
which is generally interpreted in the locality to refer 
either to the commencement, completion, or some other 
prominent event connected with the removal or setting 
up of the pillars and arches. The parish w^as intimately 
connected with the abbey for a period of about three 
centuries ; for Gwenwynwyn, in the early part of the 
thirteenth century, made a grant of the farms of 
Cwmbiga and Eskermaen, together with the pasturage 
of large tracts of lands in Arwystli, to the monks. 

In addition to the foregoing reasons may be men- 
tioned the tradition prevalent in the neighbourhood, 
that the pillars and arches were removed from the 
ruinated abbey ; that the timbers of the present roof of 
the north aisle have been previously used in another 
roof, probably over the nave ; that the kind of stone in 
the piers corresponds to the remains of those at the 



176 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

abbey ; that practical masons assert that the chisel 
work is also of the same kind ; and lastly, that the 
present state of the piers and arches is convincing that 
they were not originally set np in Llanidloes church.^ 

Registers. — There are at the vi<}arage 6 volumes of 
registers in the custody of the vicar. 

The first volume measures 1 6 inches by 7 inches, con- 
sisting of leaves of parchment stitched together, but is 
imperfect at the beginning and end. It is written 
wholly in Latin, and for the most part in a plain, readable 
hand, the entries commencing in the year 1614, and 
closing in the year 1710. There is a significant omis- 
sion of entries in this volume for the years correspond- 
ing with the period of Puritan domination in the coun- 
try ; no christening is entered between the years 1649 
and 1660, no marriage between the years 1649 and 
1662, and no burial between the years 1648 and 1660. 
In all probability the services of the church were im- 
perfectly administered or wholly discontinued during 
these years. 

The second volume contains entries from the year 
1711 to the year 1739 inclusive. It measures 15 
inches by 8 inches ; is in bad condition, large portions 
being carelessly kept, and written in an undecipherable 
hand. The earlier entries are in Latin. 

The third volume begins with the year 1 740, and closes 
with the year 1 762. It is in fair condition, the greater 
part of the entries being plain and readable, and are 
written wholly in English. It measures 15 inches by 
6 J inches. 

The fourth volume contains entries from 1763 to 
1806. No entries appear to have been made from 1806 
to 1813. At the latter date the modern registers 
commence. 

The Living is a discharged vicarage in the deanery 

of Arwystli, archdeaconry of Merioneth, and diocese of 

Bangor ; patron, the Bishop of Bangor. The deanery 

of Arwystli was, until it was lately added to the 

1 Arch. Camb., 1847, p. 20. 



OF LLANIDLOES. 177 

archdeaconry of Merioneth, exempt from archidiaconal 
power.^ 

Llanidloes is not mentioned in the Taxation of Pope 

1 We are favoured by Mr. Martin Underwood (who has illus- 
trated the Denbighshire Churches, in conjunction with his late partner 
Mr. Lloyd Williams) with the following remarks :— " The two great 
features of the church are the grand Early English arcade and the 
beautiful roof, both, in my opinion, evidently brought hither from 
some old building, and for the following reasons. The arches are 
placed irregularly over the columns ; some of the inner mouldings 
projecting beyond the face of the shafts, and some within. The 
westernmost space between the columns is only 8 feet 4 inches, 
whereas the other spaces are 12 feet 8 inches.' The arch was at 
one time intended for the larger space, and its readjustment has 
been clumsily performed, as shewn by the drawings. The whole of 
the walling of the church is very poor, and very late, corresponding 
in no particular with the early character of the arcading or roof. 
The omission of the mouldings of the arches on the north side, 
indicates a want of old materials sufficient to complete the work, 
for the shafts and caps are there to receive them. Odd bits of 
these piers have been built in the inner doorway of the porch. 
The angels on the hammer beams of the roof are later than the roof 
itself, as proved conclusively by the fantastic shape of the shields — 
they are not scrolls ; this accounts for the late dates which appear on 
them. The font is Perpendicular work, only the top remains at pre- 
sent, as shewn in one of the plates. A curious stone, circular on plan, 
with rough carving round it (also shewn), seems at one time to 
have done duty as a temporary font, as the bowl is hollowed, and 
a hole sunk through ; this could not have been a portion of the 
font, the flowers which surround it being in relief instead of sunk, 
proving it later work. The piers are not perfect squares, as will be 
seen by the figures ; they measure, including the clustered shafts, 
4 feet 7 inches from north to south, and 4 feet 4 inches from east 
to west; the responds to east and west correspond with these 
dimensions. The responds vary in design from the piers ; instead 
of having three clusters of three shafts, they have but one cluster 
corresponding with those in piers placed east and west; the re- 
mainder of the shafts are single, each single shaft being h\ inches 
in diameter instead of 4J. The spaces between the shafts vary, one 
space being 4J inches, the other Uf inches. The piers and arches 
are glorious examples of early work ; but it is unfortunate that 
they are importations. Nevertheless, the shape and arrangement of 
the piers, the bold and efiective series of mouldings in the arches, 
are gems of incalculable value, although decorating that for which 
they were never intended. The roof, too, is out of place, and was 
never made to adorn a church of the class of Llanidloes. 

VOL. VL N 



178 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

Nicholas, 1291, the tithes being probably appropriated 
to the parishes of Llandinam and Llangurig ; but we 
find in the ^Valor of Henry YIII the following par- 
ticulars : — 

Vicar de Llan Ydlos, 

Yalet clare coibz annis in decimis gran' et feni 

xviijs. iiijc2.,llan et agn'xxs. vnj(i.,oblacionibz 

et alijs decimi xls. ac ter' glebat, p annu' 

iijs. . . . . . . . . iiij7. iijs. — sic. 

X'ma inde viij iiij 

In 1809 the value of the living was £84, in 1833 
£150, at present £247 with house. On reference to 
the first chapter of this account it will be seen that of 
the sum of £843 125., the value of the tithes of the 
parish, the vicar only receives £130. 

List of Vicars. — A full and accurate list of the vicars 
can now only be compiled after a most laborious search 
from documents preserved at Bangor. In the absence 
of such a list the following particulars may not be un- 
acceptable : — 

The Harl. MS., 2291, mentions a " Sir John, vicar 
of Llanidloes." He was the son of David ab Rhys, 
being thirteenth in descent from Howel ab Jeuaf, the 
last lord of Arwystli. If we calculate thirty years as 
the duration of a generation, he must have lived about 
the middle of the sixteenth century, probably before 
William Roberts. 

From the return made by Bishop Meyrick in 1561 
to the Archbishop of Canterbury, we learn that "Wil- 
liam Roberts, Prist," was "Vicar of Llan-ydlos, resident 
and kepeth house," in that year.^ 

From the Wynnstay MSS. (Joseph Morris') we learn 
that John Gwynn, M.A., the son of Owen Gwynn, Esq., 
and the brother of Morgan Gwynn, Esq., high sheriff, 
was " Parson of Llangurig and Llanidloes." He mar- 



' Vol. iv, p. 425. 

2 Browne Willis's Bangor, p. 267. 



OF LLANIDLOES. 179 

ried Margaret, the daughter of Meredydd, the son of 
John Pryse of Glanmeheh, in the parish of Kerry. 

Several years later the office of vicar was filled by 
one John Roberts, a man whose immoral character ap- 
pears to have totally unfitted him for the situation. 
His malpractices were carried on to such an extent that 
Mr. Owen Gwyn, son to the High Sheriff in the year 
1582, and brother to the gentleman who served the 
office in 1610, embodied the grievances of the pa- 
rishioners in a petition to Archbishop Laud, the sub- 
stance of which w^e extract from the Calendar of State 
Papers '} — 



1637, Nov. 10.— 68. Petition of Owen Gwyn to Archbishop 
Laud. John Koberts, Vicar of Llanidloes, county of Mont- 
gomery, stands guilty of divers misdemeanours of ecclesiastical 
cognizance, and amongst others for repelling his parishioners 
from the Holy Communion, not using the forms of prayer for 
the burial of the dead, profaning the altar by receiving money 
thereon, casting the surplice and common book on the church 
floor, railing, quarrelling and striking in the church or porch, 
breaking down ancient pews and tombstones^, christening 
children by other names than their godfathers gave, denying 
his own father and turning him forth to seek his lodging, cut- 
ting the surplice into pieces and using them for towels, per- 
mitting persons with muskets to shoot at pigeons in the 
church, and speaking against the declaration for lawful recrea- 
tions on Sundays.^ Pray that upon articles and bond a warrant 
may be granted for Roberts to appear. 

Underneath is written — 

Q8 I. Directions to Sir John Lambe to take order for letters 
missive on an attachment. 

68 II. Note by Sir John Lambe that the articles had often 
been demanded, and that they were kept by Mr. Munday till 
Mr. Roberts was gone, to the end to fetch him up. 

1 Domestic Series, 1837, p. 531, vol. ccclxxi. 

2 There is not a tombstone now in the churchyard bearing a date 
so early as 1637. 

3 An allusion to the republication of James the First's Booh of 
Sports, which defined certain amusements as lawful on Sunday. 
Ministers might be deprived for reading this book in their churches. 
By a proclamation of 1618, dancing, archery, leaping, and May 
games might be performed on Sundays after divine service. 

N 2 



180 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

When we have made due allowance for the fact that 
this portrait is painted by no friendly hand, we cannot 
come to any other conclusion but that Mr. Roberts was 
not suited to discharge the duties of a vicar. The 
writer has not been able to discover whether the peti- 
tioner succeeded in his design or not. 

Isaac Lloyd probably succeeded him in the vicarage. 
Attached to the east wall of the church is a small me- 
morial tablet with a Latin inscription, of which the fol- 
lowing is a copy : — 

M. S. 

ISAACI LOYD 

natu Wrexhamiensis 

honesta familia oriundi 

viri 

pietate et modestia insignis 

quia vicessimo primo setatis anno 

totam in hac parochia vitam 

deinde sacros ordines susceptus 

in animarum cura 

evigilavit. 

Iniquissimus temporibus hugus eccl. reliquias multa fovit 

cura, liturgiam Anglican^, publica, perlectione strenue 

afferuit, nee ejus ritus & officia etsi ab inimicis 

plurimu' vexatus fidelis confessor desuevit. 

obijt 20 die Decem^^^ A^ D'" 1708, getat suae 98^°. 

foelici vero concionum pioq^ exemplo 

mortuus adhuc loquitur. 

Sacred to the memory of Isaac Lloyd, a native of Wrexham, 
born of an honest family, eminent for his piety and modesty; 
who, from the twenty-first year of his age, spent his whole life 
in this parish, at first in teaching the young, and afterwards, 
having received Holy Orders, watched for the care of souls. 
In the most wicked periods of the age he cherished holy 
things with much care ; he defended the English liturgy pub- 
licly and strenuously, nor did he, as faithful confessor, discon- 
tinue her rites and offices, although they were attacked by 
many enemies. He died the 20th of December, a.d. 1708, in 
the 98th year of his age. He, although dead, yet speaketh, 
as a true and pious example of congregations. 

From this epitome we learn that Mr. Lloyd was born 
in the year 1610 at Wrexham, in Denbighshire, that 



OF LLANIDLOES. 181 

he removed to Llanidloes in 1631, and for a short time 
acted as teacher, and then became vicar of the parish, 
probably on the death or removal of John Boberts 
about the year 1640. His name does not appear in 
Walker s " Sufferings of the Clergy " among the ex- 
pelled ministers ; but, from the known influence which 
Vavasour Powell obtained in the county, and from the 
omission of entries in the parish registers already no- 
ticed, it may be inferred that he did not discharge his 
duties during the domination of the Puritan party. 
Upon the restoration of Charles II the entries in the 
registers are resumed in the same handwriting as those 
made at the close of the reign of Charles I. He ap- 
pears to have fallen in with the views of those in au- 
thority, and to have assisted in the persecution of the 
poor Quakers, who were struggling to establish them- 
selves at Llanidloes. From Besse^ we learn that, in 
"Anno 1677, on the 18th day of the month called 
July, two priests, viz., Hugh Wilson, priest of Trefeg- 
Iwys, and Isaac Lloyd, priest of Llanidloes, gave in- 
formation of a meeting at the house of John Jarman, 
at Llanidloes, in Montgomeryshire, upon which the 
mayor with constables came thither and committed 
seven of the assembly to prison, and fined others, who 
had their cattle seized for their fines, viz. : — 

John Potts, one cow 'and six young beasts worth 
Griffith Jarman, five young beasts . . ,, 
John Koberts, a cow . . . . „ 

John Jarman, a cow ....,, 

David Owen^ a horse^ . . . . „ 

As Glyn-Clywedog, the residence of " Justice Glyn," 
is in the parish of Llanidloes, Mr. Lloyd must have 
been the " peevish, proud, informing priest " mentioned 
by Richard Davies, who instigated that magistrate to 

^ History of the Quakers, vol. i, p. 757. 

^ For similar instances of the cattle of the Quakers being seized, 
see JAfe of Richard Davies, pp. 87-95, the Lloyds of Dolobran being 
the principal sufferers. 



£ 


8. d. 


12 


10 


7 


10 


3 





2 


10 


2 






182 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

seize a number of Quakers at Llanidloes about the 
year 1680, and committed them to take their trial at 
the Quarter Sessions held at Welshpool.^ He lived to 
see the Quakers established and tolerated at Llanidloes, 
where they were visited by Richard Davies in the year 
1706.^ During the latter part of his ministry (1688- 
1699) a lending library, consisting of about 20 volumes, 
was founded in connection with the church. 

On the death of Mr. Lloyd in 1708, *' David Jones, 
curate," appears to have had charge of the parish until 
1710, when the signature of "Robert Patrick, vicar," 
appears first in the registers. It appears for the last 
time in 1716. In the next year I find that a Eobert 
Patrick was appointed rector of Cemmaes, made canon 
of St. Asaph in 1718, and schoolmaster of Oswestry. 
Robert Jones succeeded Robert Patrick, and his signa- 
ture as vicar appears during the years 1717 to 1730 
inclusive. From 1730 to 1735 no signatures are given, 
but in 1736 that of " David Prichard, curate," appears. 
He was married in 1737, and died in the year 1742. 

In the year 1747 the signature of " Owen Owen" as 
vicar appears ; but during the years 1 748-1 755, a period 
which probably marks the duration of Owen's term of 
office, no signatures appear. 

The signature of Henry Jones, vicar, appears for the 
first time in 1756. He was buried at Llanidloes April 
18th, 1767. 

From 1767 to 1783 " David Jones, curate," appears 
to have been in charge of the parish. 

No signatures appear during the years 1784 and 
1785. In the year 1786 the signature of John Davies 
as curate appears for the first time. Mr. Davies was 
the eldest son of David and Margaret Davies of 
Llanborth,^ in the parish of Penbryn, Cardiganshire, 
where he was born 27th November, 1761; he was 

^ Life of Bichard Davies, pp. 95-7. ^ Ibid., p. 122. 

^ " Llanborth was formerly an ancient mansion belonging to the 
family of Rhys ap Rhydderch, Lord of Tywyn." — Lewis, To£, Diet., 
art. Penbryu. 



OF LLANIDLOES. 183 

educated at Carmarthen, and appointed curate of 
Llanidloes when he was about twenty-five years old. 
He spent fifty years of his life in the parish. In the 
year 1802 his name appears as vicar, and about the 
year 1830 he was appointed vicar of the adjoining 
parish of Llandinam. The following is a portion of his 
evidence before the Commissioners on Municipal Cor- 
porations in December, 1833 : — 

" I am vicar of Llanidloes. I am 72 years old. I have 
been vicar 32 years. I am not a graduate, nor a member of 
any university, indeed. I have served the office of mayor_, and 
I am one of the aldermen. . . I likewise hold Llandinam. It 
is a vicarage, and the adjoining parish. I have had it three 
years. . . I reside at Llanidloes. I perform the service twice 
on Sunday. There is a morning service, and a sermon every 
other Sunday in Welsh.-" 

Mr. Hogg, the Commissioner, states that 

'' The vicar was unwilling to disclose, or to discourse of the 
value of his livings, ^ being afraid, it was hinted, ' lest as a 
pluralist his wings should be dipt.-' The vicarage of Llanid- 
loes is considered to be worth £150 a-year, beside the house 
and garden, arising from tithes and surplice fees ; that of 
Llandinam, £200. He must desire to spoil the church in every 
sense who can be displeased that one of its ministers, at the 
age of seventy years, should add a living of £200 a-year to one 
of £150, which he had served diligently for thirty years.'^^ 

Becoming infirm, and anxious to spend the remainder 
of his life in his native parish, he resigned his two 
livings in the year 1836. Upon the occasion of his 
retirement, his parishioners presented him with pieces 
of silver plate of the value of about £180, one of which 
pieces bore the following inscription : '' Presented to 
the Rev. John Davis, vicar of Llanidloes, Montgomery- 
shire, by his parishioners, in token of the high estima- 
tion in which they held the character he has acquired 
and sustained by his amiable disposition and exemplary 
conduct throughout a period of fifty years, during 
which he has been ofiiciating minister of the parish of 

^ Commissioners* Report— Montgomeryshire, pp. 49, 50. 



184 , A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

Llanidloes. October 15tli, 1836." When he left the 
town he gave part of the plate to the church for the 
communion service.^ He did not long enjoy his retire- 
ment, dying at Escaireithin, the residence of his brother, 
on the 13th day of June, 1839, in the seventy-ninth 
year of his age. 

The Rev. Evan Pughe, B.A., Mus. Bac, succeeded 
Mr. Davis in 1837. He was born in 1806, educated at 
Jesus College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. in 
1828. In 1829 he was ordained deacon by the Bishop 
of Hereford, and priest in 1830 ; was appointed curate of 
Chirbury in the former year, and of Beaumaris in the 
year 1832. When made vicar of Llanidloes he was also 
appointed rural dean of Arwystli. During his thirteen 
years' residence at Llanidloes, he proved himself to be a 
most eloquent and effective preacher, an active, energetic, 
and untiring pastor, who was unceasing in his labours 
for the intellectual, moral, and spiritual welfare of his 
parishioners. In his time the church was substantially 
repaired, the gallery, organ, and decalogue-table added, 
the churchyard extended, and an inestimable boon con- 
ferred upon the town of Llanidloes by the establishment 
of an excellent National school, which, under his super- 
vision, ranked among the first in the Principality. On 
the death of the Rev. Hugh Price in 1850, Mr. Pughe 
was appointed senior vicar of Bangor, and vicar choral 
or minor canon of the cathedral. While at Bangor he 
displayed the same qualities of energy and industry 
which distinguished him at Llanidloes. In 1863, on 
the death of the Venerable Archdeacon Jones, he was 
collated to the rectory of Llantrisant cum Llechgyn- 
farwy and Llanllibio, in Anglesey, and appointed rural 
dean of Llifon. He died the 11th of August, 1869, 
and was buried in the churchyard of Llechgynfarwy, on 
the 1 7th of the same month. As a writer he distin- 
guished himself chiefly as the author of a great number 

^ The Clip bears the following inscription : " Presented to the 
Rev. J. Davies by his parishioners, and given by him to the parish 
church of Llanidloes for the communion service, 1st January, 1838." 



OF LLANIDLOES. ^ 185 

of sermons, whicli he published. He was joint editor 
of Bugeil-lyfr Eglwysig and of the Bangor Hymn 
Book, and the writer of several articles in Welsh period- 
icals and English reviews. He also had a great love 
for music, and was the composer of an anthem, " Teach 
me, Lord," together with chants and hymn tunes. 

The Bev. John Parry Morgan succeeded Mr. Pughe 
in 1851. He was educated at St. David's College, 
Lampeter, ordained deacon 1832, and priest 1833, and 
was successively curate of Caernarvon and of St. 
David's, Blaenau Festiniog. He held the vicarage un- 
til his death in 1867. He was a good reader and 
preacher. His eldest son, the Bev. J. P. Morgan, B.A., 
is the present vicar of Llanasa. 

His successor was the Bev. Bobert Harries Jones, the 
present vicar. This gentleman was educated at the 
University of Gottingen, where he took the degrees of 
M. A. and Ph. D., and was ordained deacon by the Bishop 
of Chester in 1847 and priest in 1848 by the Bishop of 
Man. He held the curacies of Hollinwood 1847-9, 
Oldham 1850, Bolton 1852-57, Walmsley 1858-59, 
Bury 1860, Pennmon and Llanfaes 1861, and Llanfair- 
fechan 1861-67. He is an eloquent reader and preacher, 
and has distinguished himself as the author of several 
philological and poetical productions. Among the latter 
may be mentioned translations from the Bussian poets. 
He was editor of Y Cymro from. 1851 to 1853, and con- 
tributed a paper on Lly warch Hen to the pages of the 
Montgomeryshire Collections. During his incumbency 
the present vicarage was built. The writer is greatly 
indebted to this gentleman for his kindness in granting 
him free access to all books, documents, etc., which would 
be of service in the present compilation, and for his valua- 
ble suggestions and advice whenever he was appealed to. 

Parish Clerks. — An entry in one of the registers 
states that Evan Griffith, clerk and sergeant of Llanid- 
loes, was buried August 4th, 1707. Another Evan 
Griffith is mentioned as clerk in the year 1710. He died 
May the 5th, 1 739, aged fifty-four years. A third Evan 



186 . A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

Griffitli is mentioned as parish clerk in 1756. He re- 
tained the office up to his death, May 15th, 1791. In 
his old age he became very weak and infirm, and 
managed with great difficulty to walk to the church. 
Often his exertions would raise a laugh among some of 
the thoughtless lads who watched his progress ; an- 
noyed by their conduct, the old man would turn round 
savagely, and in strong terms inform them in Welsh 
that he would live long enough to trample them under 
his feet, alluding to his performing his part of the 
burial service over them and then walking over their 
graves. Mr. Davies, the vicar, used to relate that, 
shortly after his arrival in the parish, he remarked to 
the old clerk in Welsh that his parishioners were very 
ungodly, when the latter replied, " Never mind them, 
Mr. Davies, let them go to the devil so long as you 
and I are godly." 

Robert Davies was made parish clerk July 19th, 
1791, in the sixty-seventh year of his age. He had 
previously been appointed clerk to the justices in 1750, 
to the militia for the hundred of Llanidloes in 1760, 
and was also clerk of the works during the construction 
of the present road from Llanidloes to Machynlleth. 
He died in the year 1800. Richard Lewis^ was ap- 
pointed his successor February 5th, 1800 ; Edward 
Benbow appointed in 1846 ; succeeded by Josiah Elias, 
appointed in 1850 ; succeeded by Eichard Ashton, ap- 
pointed in 1856 ; succeeded by WiUiam Davies (pre- 
sent clerk), appointed in 1861. 

A List of Churchwardens for the parish of Llanid- 
loes, extracted from the parish registers and other 
sources. 

1702. Pryce Clun (armiger), Eichard Owen (gent.), Evan 

Davies. 

1703. The same. 

1704. Thomas Clun (gent.), Robert Ingram (gent.), John 

Evans (yeoman). 

^ He died 28th May, 1840, aged eighty years, having held office 
upwards of forty years. 



OF LLANIDLOES. , 187 

1705. The same. 

1706. Daniel Owen, Philip Swancott, Eobert Evans. 

1707. Eichard Jerman (Bryntail), Evan Jenkins (Treflyn), 

Morgan Evans (Llanidloes). 

1708. Morgan Eichard (Ystradynod), Evan Jenkins (Treflyn), 

John Evans (Llanidloes). 
1709 and 1710. No signatures.^ 

1711. Morgan Lloyd, Meredith Thomas, Edward Morgan. 

1712. No signatures. 

1713. John Eogers, Edward Woolly, John Evans. 

1714. John Mason (of the town), Daniel Jerman (Brithdir), 

Evan Morgan (Cefn Penarth). 

1715. David Ingram, Thomas Cleaton, Matthew Nicholas. 

1716. Francis Herbert, Charles Benbow, Thomas Evans. 

1717. Thomas Clun, Eobert Ingram, Thomas Pugh. 

] 718. Pryce Clun, Esq., Eichard Owen, Esq., Eichard Jenkins. 

1719. No signatures. 

] 720. Eoger Thomas, Thomas Davies, Eichard Owen. 

1721. Ludovick Jones, Francis Woosnam, Evan Evans. 

1722-26. No signatures. 

1727. Daniel Jerman, Humphrey Eichards. 

] 728-9. No signatures. 

1730. Thomas Clun, Wythen Jones, Jacob Evans. 

1731-5. No signatures. 

] 736. John Clun, Eichard Owen, Moses Howell. 

1737-1746. No signatures. 

1747. David G. Jerman, Hugh Arthur, Lewis X Morris.^ 

1748-1755. No signatures. 

1756. Eeynold Cleaton. 

1757-8. No signatures. 

1759. Thomas X Powell, Eobert Davies, Morgan Williams. 

1760. Thomas X Jerman, Eichard Jervis, Eobert Davies. 

1761. Thomas Davies, Thomas Thomas, Thomas Pugh. 

1762. Thomas Evans, David X Evans, David Davies. 

1763. Eobert Hughes, Thomas Mills, Edward X Cleaton. 

1764. No signatures. 

1 765. Edward Savage. Edward Chapman, William X Lewis. 
1 766. Hugh Evans, Thomas Davies, Owen Brown. 
1767-8. No signatures. 
1769. Evan Kinsey, John Jones, David Jones. 

^ That is, the churchwardens did not attest the entries in the 
register. Frequently the signature of the vicar or curate occurs 
unaccompanied by that of the churchwardens. 

2 The sign X between the Christian name and surname of the 
wardens denotes their inabihty to sign their own names. 



188 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

1770. Kichard Matthews, Evan X Jones, Evan Samuel. 

1771. John Lewis, William X Ingram, Edward X Davies. 

1772. Kichard Richards, John Morris, William X Richards. 

1773. John Lewis, Daniel Jerman, Edward Morgan. 

1774. No signatures. 

1775. John Marpole, Philip Swancott. 

1776. Richard Evans, Reynold Cleaton, William Evans. 

1777. Evan Marpole, Edward Beedle. 

] 778. John Marpole, John Lewis, John Hughes. 

1779. Edward X Cleaton, Richard Rickards, Richard Thomas. 

1 780. Evan Lewis. 

1 781. Owen Lloyd, Garner Jones, David Jones. 

1782. David Lloyd, Evan Rees. 

1783. Wythen Jones, Matthew Stephen, Richard Evans. 
1784-5. No signatures. 

1786. David Evans, John Lewis, Edward Carter. 

1787. No signatures. 

1 788. Richard Jervis, David Jerman, Thomas Jerman. 

1789. Stephen Stephens, Daniel Jerman, Thomas Jerman. 

1790-7. No signatures. 

1798. David Davies, John Smith. 

1799-1800. No signatures. 

1801. David Meddins, David Jerman. 

1802. David Meddins, David Jerman, Richard Thomas 

1803. Richard Jervis, Edward Bennett, Richard Thomas. 

1804. Richard Jervis. 

1805. Charles Cole, Richard Woosnam, Thomas Jerman. 

1806. No signatures. 

1807. Charles Cole. 

1808-12. Thomas Price's signature as warden appears alone 
during these years. 

I have failed to ascertain the names of those who 
acted as wardens from 1812 to 1824, and the 
list from the latter year np to 1843, though in the 
main correct, cannot be vouched for as perfectly accu- 
rate ; but from the year 1843 to the present, the Hst is 
correct. 

1824. Richard Jervis, Richard Ashton, John Francis.^ 
1825-6-7. David Jones, Richard Wosnam, Thomas Price. 
1828-9-30. Richard Jervis, Owen Lloyd, David Jerman. 
1831-32. Richard Lewis, Evan Kindsey, Edward George. 

^ The names of these three wardens are on the tenor bell. 



OF LLANIDLOES. 189 

1833-4. John Pryce, Edward Evans, David Jerman. 
1835-6. John Edwards, David Jerman, Evan Lewis. 
1837-8.' Thomas E. Lewis, John Ingram, Evan Lewis, David 

Jerman. 
1839. Edward Hughes, Evan Mills, Evan Lewis, Thomas 

Jones. 
1840-2. Edward Hughes, Evan Lewis, David Jervis, Edward 

Lewis. 
1843. J. M. Jones, Jeremiah Owen, Thomas Kinsej, William 

Parry. 
1844-5. Eichard Lewis, David Evans, Thomas Kinsey, William 

Pugh. 

1846. Richard Lewis, Thomas Lewis, Greorge Mears, Edward 

Hughes. 

1847. Richard Marpole, Thomas Lewis, Edward Lloyd, John 

Smith. 
1848-9. Owen Lloyd, Edward Lloyd, David Kinsey, Wilham 
Lefeaux. 

1850. William Cleaton, Thomas Hayward, William Lefeaux, 

Owen Lloyd. 

1851. Robert Smith, Thomas Jerman, William Cleaton, 

Thomas Hayward. 

1852. William Cleaton, Thomas Hayward, Thomas Jerman, 

Richard Thomas. 

1853. William Cleaton, Thomas Hayward, Thomas Jerman, 

Evan Thomas. 
1854-6. Thomas Hayward, Evan Thomas, David Davies, John 
Lewis. 

1857. Lawton Marshall, Thomas Hayward, T. E. Marsh, 

David Davies. 

1858. T. E. Marsh, Wilham Owen, John H. Holmes, Richard 

Mills. 

1859. Wilham Owen, T. I. Jerman, J. H. Holms, Richard 

Jones. 

1860. William Owen, T. I. Jerman, Richard Jones, Thomas 

Hamer. 

1861. Lieutenant- Colonel Hunter, William Pugh, Richard 

Mills, Thomas Hamer. 
1862-3. Wilham Pugh, David Kinsey, Thomas Hamer, Richard 
Jones. 

1864. Thomas Hamer, Richard Jones, Thomas I. Jerman, 

W. H. Benson. 

1865. Thomas Hamer, Richard Jones, Edward Rees, David 

Kinsey. 
1866-8. Thomas Hamer, Richard Jones, W. H. Benson, 
William Pearce. 



190 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

1869. Thomas Hamer, Eichard Jones, John Jenkins, David 

Marshall. 

1870. Samuel Ikin, John Kitto, Richard Jones, Richard 

Woosnam. 

1871. Samuel Ikin, John Kitto, Richard Woosnam, Edw. Rees. 

1872. Reappointed. 

A Terrier or particular of all the buildings, lands, tithes, 
dues, duties, books, and plate belonging to the vicarage of the 
parish of Llanidloes, in the deanery of Arwystli, and diocese of 
Bangor, in the county of Montgomery, 13th of July, a.d. 1722. 

Imprimis, the parish church, whose dimensions are in length 
41 i yards, and in breadth 1 7 yards. 

Item, the churchyard, being near triangular, in circum- 
ference 127 yards, hath three gates, and is fenced with a stone 
wall on the south-east side and a part of the west side, and on 
all other sides with posts and rails. 

Item, the manor or vicarage house, being two bays and one 
cut end of buildings, floored with boards, except the kitchen, 
which is a flagged house,^ and is in length 12 yards, and in 
breadth 6 yards, and an ile on the south-west side of it in 
length 5 yards, and in breadth 2 yards. 

Item, a garden adjoining the end of the said house, being 
somewhat narrow at both ends on the south-west side, and 
another close, formerly an orchard, which is decayed, adjoining 
to the backside of the said house on the upper side, and 
bounded with the river Severn on the north-west side and 
lower end, being about 40 poles or perches in the whole. 

Item, the several townships of Morfodion Cefn-croes-llwybyr, 
Manledd, and Glyn-Hafren Iscoed, the several hamlets of 
Cefnpenarth, Ystradynod, and Crywlwm, being part of the 
tithes, are thus divided ; viz. one-fourth part of all manner of 
tithes are payable to the vicar of Llanidloes, all the other three 
parts to the dean and chapter of Bangor and the vicars of 
Arwystli, excepting the demesne lands and house of Penyrallt- 
goch, which only pay a modus of 2s. in lieu of goose, hemp, 
flax, ceirch march tithe, hay, and all other small tithes and 
Easter duties for all the family that live in that house. 

Item, in the several townships of Cilfachallt, Treflyn, Brith- 
dir, and Hengynwydd-vach, all the tithes are thus divided ; viz. 

' There were two Terriers in existence at the old vicarage in Mr. 
Morgan's time, one bearing the date 1722, quoted above, and the 
other 1762. The latter differs from the former only in a few de- 
tails, which win be noted. Instead of " flagged house," the Terrier 
of 1762 has "kitchen which is paved with stones." 



OF LLANIDLOES. 191 

one-four til part thereof are yearly paid to the vicar of Llangurig, 
and the other three parts to Thomas PowelP of Nanteos, Esq., 
the present priator. 

Item, all the Easter duties throughout the whole parish are 
yearly payable to the vicar of Llanidloes, and every husband 
and wife to pay 8c?., every child of age living with the parents, 
or either of them. Id., every widower and widow 3d.y every 
servant 2d., every trade master and journeyman 4<d. Besides 
his Easter duties, every wedding pays 3s. to the vicar, and 6d, 
to the parish clerk ; every christening pays to the vicar 1 s. and 
6d. to the parish clerk; every burial pays to the vicar Is.^ 

Then follow a particular of the several charities, and a 
list of the books in the library, which will be treated more fully 
in the following sections. 

Charities. — The following account is taken from tlie 
'^ Report of the Commissioners for Inquiring concerning 
Charities," vol. 32, part iii, p. 274, dated 30th June, 
1837:— 

David Lloyd's Charity. — This charity is thus re- 
corded on the benefaction table : " David Lloyd, D.D., 
by his last will and testament left the sum of £2 125. 
per annum to be distributed in twelve pennyworth of 
bread every Lord's day throughout the year to the 
most indigent and poor in this town, at the oversight 
of the successors of Edward Lloyd, of Berth-Llwyd, 
Esq.,^ which is always paid and distributed upon a 
certain tenement, called Pen-y-rhiw, now in possession 
(1722) of Richard Humphries of Llanidloes, shoemaker." 

The earliest document produced relating to this rent- 
charge was a deed of conveyance of the above farm, in 
the possession of Mr. Marsh, bearing the date of the 
5th November, 1746, in which was contained the fol- 
lowing proviso : " Subject nevertheless to, and always 
chargeable with, the payment of thirteen white loaves, 

^ In 1762 they were payable to the Honourable Watkin Williams 
Wynn of Llangedwin, in the county of Denbigh, Bart., ancestor of 
the present impropriator. 

2 The 1762 Terrier gives sixpence to the clerk as his burial fee, 
and mentions — " one silver plate for the use of the church and com- 
munion, that will hold about three half pints, with a silver cover 
to it." 



192 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

each of tlie value of one penny, of good and sufficient 
bread, on every Sunday or Lord's day for ever, wliich said 
bread shall be provided and placed in a convenient part 
of the said parish church of Llanidloes aforesaid, there 
to remain during divine service and sermon, and after- 
wards to be distributed to and amongst the poor, in the 
manner the same hath heretofore been and is now used 
to be paid and distributed." 

The conveyance to Mr. Marsh bears the date the 2nd 
of April, 1814, and also contains the same proviso for 
payment of the rent-charge. 

This property having been alienated from the family 
of the Lloyds, the heirs of Edward Lloyd no longer in- 
terfere with the charity. Mr. Marsh regularly causes 
a supply of thirteen penny loaves to be sent to the 
church every Sunday morning, for distribution amongst 
the aged poor, selected at his discretion, subject to the 
approbation of the vicar, and the donation is continued 
to the same persons, except in cases of bad behaviour. 
The parish clerk receives one of the loaves. It is 
generally expected that persons receiving the benefit 
of this charity should attend divine service. 

In the Parliamentary Returns for 1786 it is stated 
that the same David Lloyd, D.D., by will, date un- 
known, gEive a rent-charge of £12 125. per annum for 
the poor, which was vested in the churchwardens and 
overseers. No trace is to be found of any such rent. 
It was probably inserted by mistake in the first return 
of 1786 instead of Catherine Lloyd's gift, which is 
stated in red letters from the second amended return, 
and in the insertion of which the former ought to have 
been erased. 

Catherine Lloyd's^ Charity. — On the same benefac- 
tion table it is stated that Catherine Lloyd bequeathed 

^ On the death of Mr. Marsh in the year 1861 the property passed 
into the hands of Mr. Horsfall, who has since sold it to the present 
owner, Mr. Thomas Jones. 

2 Catherine was the daughter of Sir John Witherong, Bart., and 
the second wife of Mr. Edward Lloyd of Berthlloyd, grandson of 
Sir Edward Lloyd, Knt. 



» 



OF LLANIDLOES. 193 



by will, date not given, the sum of £1 00 to the use of the 
poor of this parish, and the interest thereof to be yearly 
and every year distributed by the vicar and church- 
wardens among the poor of this parish for ever, which 
said sum of £100 became a desperate debt, and the in- 
terest thereof for several years remained unpaid ; but 
being afterwards recovered, the said principal and in- 
terest has been laid out in the purchase of several lands 
and tenements called Ty-yn-y-fron and Crywlwm-fach 
in this parish, and the rents thereof are paid yearly to 
the overseers in aid of the poor-rates of this parish." 

No information could be obtained of the amount of 
principal and interest recovered and subsequently laid 
out in the purchase of the above property. The Ty- 
yn-y-fron property consists of a farmhouse and 29 acres 
1 rood 9 poles of arable and meadow land, besides 
an allotment of 21 acres 20 poles which is let with 
the farm. The Crywlwm-fach property consists of 10 
acres 2 roods 1 6 poles, and an allotment of 1 1 acres 3 
roods 1 pole. The allotments are used as sheep walks. 
Ty-yn-y-fron, with its allotment and Crywlwm-fach, are 
let together at £30 a year to Edward Jones, a yearly 
tenant, who is allowed a deduction of £5 on producing 
lime bills to that amount for manuring the land. The 
Crywlwm-fach allotment is let to Owen Davies, a yearly 
tenant, at £3 1 55. per annum. The whole of the rents of 
this charity have hitherto been applied to the poor- 
rates. 

The house standing on Ty-yn-y-fron, about twelve 
years ago, was in such a dilapidated state that the 
parish made an arrangement with the tenant, David 
Jerman, that he should continue the estate for five 
years free of rent upon condition that he should rebuild 
the house, at a cost of £65, on the same site, according 
to a plan and valuation there given, and that he should 
hold the estate from the end of the five years at £13 a 
year. The house is in a good and tenantable state, and 
the parish hitherto has paid the repairs. 

It is supposed that this property, if sold, would 

VOL. \i. o 



194 A PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT 

realise about £400. The carrying of these rents to the 
account of the poor-rates is evidently a misapplication, 
which ought immediately to be corrected. 

EvanGlynnes Charity. — From the benefaction table it 
appears that Evan Glynne of Glyn, Esq., left by will the 
sum of £2 12s. per annum to the poor of this parish, to be 
paid out of a tenement called Crywlwm, which belongs 
to the estate of Glyn, and is to be yearly distributed. 
The rent-charge is regularly paid by the tenant of the 
property to the vicar and churchwardens, generally on 
New Year's Day, and is by them distributed in small 
sums, varying from Qd. to 25. Qd., to aged and infirm 
poor persons. 

Jenkin Boivens Charity. — The tablet also records 
that Jenkin Bowen of Welford, in the county of Glou- 
cester, D.D., left by his will a yearly rent of £14 to 
the poor of this parish, paid out of the tenement of 
Cefngwilgu, and to be distributed by the vicar and 
churchwardens successively for ever, at the oversight 
and approbation of Edward Owen, of Pen-yr-allt-goch, 
his heirs and their survivors. 

This property, which is a farm in the parish, lets for 
£60 a year to Stephen Higgs, and lately beloDged to 
Wythen Jones, Esq., formerly of Rhiewport, near Welsh- 
pool, a lineal descendant of the Bowen family. The 
tenant regularly pays out of his rent the sum of £14 
to the vicar and churchwardens of the parish, by the 
direction of the proprietor of the estate, who is gene- 
rally present on that occasion. Three pounds are appro- 
priated to the education of four poor children, and the 
remainder is distributed among 131 poor and aged 
people, and persons of large families, in small sums vary- 
ino^ from Is. to 55. without reference to their receivinor 
parochial relief A question was raised during the in- 
vestigation whether the whole of this property did not 
belong to the charity, and Wythen Jones, Esq., was not 
merely a trustee. It appears that the estate was let 
until the year 1821 at £14 per annum, the whole of 
which was paid by Wythen Jones, Esq., to the charity, 



OF LLANIDLOES. 195 

but since that time it has been let at increased rents, 
and is now let at £60 per annum in consequence of a 
large outlay by him in erecting a new farmhouse and 
buildings. The surplus has been retained by Mr. Wy- 
then Jones to his own use. 

According to the Parliamentary Gazetteer, the total 
amount received from the above charities in 1837 was 
£53. In 1862 it amounted to £34 li)s. 

A Catalogue of the Boohs belonging to the Lending 
Library of Llanidloes Church. 

'' On the 8th day of November, 1688, Arthur Weaver 
of Morfield, in the county of Salop, Esq., bestowed the 
works of the learned and pious author of ' The Whole 
Duty of Man ' upon the churchwardens of the parish 
of Llanidloes and their successors, to be by them 
lent." The above gift appears to have formed the 
nucleus of what, for the time and place, seems to have 
been a little library of some importance. 

Books bestowed in 1699 : — ^ 

1. An Exposition of the Creed^ by John (Pearson) Lord 
Bishop of Chester. 

2. Thirty-six Sermons, by Eobert Sanderson, late Lord 
Bishop of Lincoln. 

3. A Course of Lectures upon the Church Catechism, vol. 1, 
by Thomas Bray, D.D. 

4. A Discourse of the Pastoral Care, by Gilbert Burnet, 
Lord Bishop of Sarum. 

5. A Collection of Articles, Canons, Injunctions, etc. 

6. A Discourse on several Texts of Scriptures, by Henry 
Moor, D.D. 

7. An Exposition of the Lord's Prayer, by Bishop Hopkins. 

8. Dr. Burnet's Exposition upon the Thirty-nine Articles of 
the Church of England. 

9. A Defence of the Book entitled " A Snake in the Grass." 

10. An Account of the Societies for the Eeformation of 
Manners in London, etc. 

11. A Practical Essay of the Contempt of the Word of God, 
by William Nicholls, D.D. 

12. An Answer to the Dissenter's Plea for Separation, or 
an Abridgement of the London Cases. 

^ The donor or donors of these works are not mentioned in the 
Register. 

2 



196 PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLANIDLOES. 

13. The True Nature of the Divine Law, etc., by Samuel 
Du Gard. 

14. A Help or Exhortation to Worthy Communicating, by 
John Kettle well. 

15. A Short Discourse upon the Doctrine of our Baptismal 
Covenant, being an Exposition upon the Preliminary Questions 
and Answers of our Church Catechism, by Thomas Bray, D.D. 
2 vols. 

Dr. Moore's Discourses, lent to the Rev. Mr. Lewis Pryce. 

The London Cases abridged, lent to Thomas Clun, armiger. 

A Collection of Articles, etc., lent to — Griffith, rector of 
Pen strewed, February, 1709. 

Bishop Pearson on the Creed, and Bishop Burnet on the 
Articles, lent to Mr. Bennet, vicar of Trefeglwys, July 9, 1720. 

These entries of books lent were beneatli the cata- 
logue, and no further entries were made at a later 
period in any of the registers. 

All the above works were set down in the Terriers 
of 1722 and 1762 ; but on searching the old church 
chest or coffer, which was formerly kept in the gallery 
of the church, but has been lately removed to the 
belfiy, the writer found only three works remaining ; 
viz : 

1. The Whole Duty of Man, folio, 381 pp. ; The Gentleman's 
Calling, written by the author of the preceding. These works 
were bound in one thick cumbrous volume, and were printed 
at the sign of the Bible in Chancery Lane, 1687. The Whole 
Duty of Man was, according to the Terriers of 1722 and 1762, 
*^ chained upon a desk near the altar in the chancel of the said 
church." 

2. A thick folio of 1,352 pp., containing five books, or 
twenty controversies on theological questions. Title-page 
and 250 pp. wanting. 

3. The work numbered 10 in the catalogue. This volume, 
following the old custom, has a " title-page as long as an ordi- 
nary preface;" it was printed at the " Three Pigeons, Cornhill," 
1699. 



{To be continued.) 



197 



HERBEETTANA.^ 



The junior branches of the Herbert family in the fol- 
lowing pedigree are not to be found in any of the pub- 
lished genealogies of that house. 

This pedigree has been compiled from family deeds 
and papers at Peniarth ; a note of the Inquisitio post 
mortem upon the death of Samuel Herbert ; a funeral 
certificate upon the death of Matthew Herbert, printed 
below ; a monument to the memory of Edward Her- 
bert, in St. John's Church, Chester ; a pedigree in the 
autograph of Robert Vaughan, the antiquary, of Heng- 
wrt, in Peniarth MS., No. 6, etc. 

W. W. E. W. 

1 Continued from vol. v, p. 392. 



198 



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HERBEKTIANA. 199 

Francis Herbert of Dolgeog, Esq., in a deed at 
Peniarth, dated 29th May, 11 Charles I, nomi- 
nates his trusty and well-beloved brother, Samnel 
Herbert of Peniarth, gent., to take possession for him 
of a tenement which he had purchased in the parish of 
Llanegwyn. 

From a Pedigree at Peniarth , confirmed by the Family Deeds j 

etc., etc.' 

"Mathevv Herbert (y® deceased) was ye sonne of Samuel 
Herbert, who was y® second sotine of Mathew Herbert of Dol- 
geog, who was y'' 2d sonne of Edward Herbert of Mountgom.^ 
esq^ 

" The mother of Mathew Herbert y« p'"sent deceased was y^ 
daughter and heir of Lewis Owen of Peniarth, who was the 
eldest sonne of Griffith Owen, who was y^ 4th sonne of Lewis 
ap Owen (called y^ Baron) of plas yn dre in Dolgelly. 

" The mother of Samuel Herbert was the daughter of S"" 
Charles Fox of Bromfield, near Ludlow. * * * 

'^ The crest of Mathew Herbert was y® sheafe of arrows. 

'^If I remember I have seen an escocheon made at y® fune- 
rail of Samuel Herbert with the 1 coate party p' pale 3 lions, 
y^ 2d a chevron betweene 8 speares heades, y« 3d a lion ram- 
pant, y^ 4th 3 cockes, the colours I do not remember. 

" Samuel Herbert did not then give the coate of S"^ Charles 
fox.^' 

The above is an extract of what appears to have 
been the funeral certificate of Matthew Herbert, in 
Plarl MS., 1973, p. 109. There is more of it, but 
relating to the Owen of Peniarth family. 

Seal of Francis Herbert of Dolgeog, in the county of 
Montgomery, gent., last day of February, 1619. 

Quarterly — 

1. Per pale az. and gu., three lious ramp., ar. 

2. On a cross., five mullets. 

3. A chevron between three... spearheads. 

4. A lion rampant. 

With a mullet for a difference. 

Sheriffs patents — William Herbert, Esq., Mont., 18 
Nov., il Eliz..; Edward Herbert, Knt., 5 Nov., 2 
James I. 



200 HERBERTIAXA. 

At the present moment there is a stone in the house 

H 
of Dolguog with the initials F A engraved thereon. 

1632. 
There is a bundle of letters extant (fifty-four in number) 
from Francis Herbert to his wife Abigail, nee Garton.^ 
He generally dates his letters from " Oakeley Park" to his 
wife at " Dolgeeogg ' — they range from 1632 to 1641. 
He addresses her in a very quaint manner, sometimes 
beginning " Cheeckin," sometimes " My deare Hart," 
once " Mrs. Playne Dealinge," and several times " Mrs. 
Herbert." 

In one letter he alludes to some accident to his knee 
which he regrets prevented him seeing a friend staying 
at " Dolgeeogg," and requests his wife to entertain him 
well, and promises to repay her anything she may dis- 
burse for the entertainment ; this looks as if they had 
distinct purses. He says he would borrow a coach. 
" And truly could a coach come to my house I woulde 
have borrowed one rather than have fayled him." 
From this it is evident Dolguog was inaccessible to 
any vehicle. 

The following letter is a specimen : — 

" Mes. Herbeet, — This boye I sende unto you only to 
knowe in whatt forwardness you are to undertake your jorneye 
agayst Whittsentyde, whoe you must dispatch so as hee maye 
bee heere back agayne on Fry day e beetymes, to the ende I 
maye prepare men and horses for you to sett forth from hence 
on Mondaye, whoe maye bee with you on Tuesday, and you 
sett forward on Wensedaye ; to Ehusayson on Wensedaye 

^ " J Pedig7'ee of the Gartons. — John Garton of the manour of 
Garton in Yorkshire, was seized of certain lands, and Septirao 
of Edward the First was questioned for not receiving the order 
of knighthood as they now in Charles his reyne. The Lordshipe 
was found by inquisition to be then but ten pound the yeare, yet 
he was found to ba seised of other lands in right of his wife Ange- 
lina to the value of thirtie pound, but because he had noe children 
by her he was acquitted of the fine. Abigaile the daughter of 
WilHam Garton, second sonne of Sr. Giles Garton of Willanington 
in the countie of Sussex, Knight, is lineally descended of the said 
John Garton."— (Pow?/s Castle MSS.) 



HERBERTTANA. 201 



I^H daye or Satturdaye, God willinge. 

^r '^ I doubt not but you have ordered your affayres nowe, that 
H those things can bee no lett unto you, and that you have such 
servants as you maye intrust for awhile, in your absence, to- 
wards Harvest, God enablinge you, you maye make a visiting 
jorney off them. Iff you have not allreadey turned oute the 

Iyonge mare, its nowe highe tyme for you, the sooner the 
better, but that your jorneye is for neere hande, for that you 
will have non will carrye you safyly, but then, in anye case, 
lett her hooffes bee anoynted with some hogge grease or the 
other liquor that hath not salte in it, and lett her and the black 
nagg bee sent on Satturdaye next to Aber Angell to George 
the smith to bee shodd ; and lett som one use to ride her with 
a woman's furniture, two or three dayes, beefore you sett oute. 
Send me woorde what furniture you wante, and what elp you 
shall neede to bee sent you hence. 
*' I pray you sende mee woorde by this boye wheather Mr. 
Piighe bee gone for London, and wheather hee weare att the 
Assizes in Mountgomeryshire. 

^^ Your newe chambere, the boyes and I lye in, to season 
agaynst your cominge, which I doubt not but will bee as 
warme and pleasing to you as wheare you are ; thus in hast, 
with my love comended to you, and the boyes blessing come (?) 
of you I rest, 

'^ Your lovinge husbande, 

'' F. Herbeet. 
'' Bromfield, this Mundaye night, 

the last off Maye, 1641. 
'' As to gathering off llanegren wooll and lambe, wee have 
writt to Harry Owen, whoe must sell both as hee maye, for 
keepe the wooll we will not ; then for setting off the corne its 
tyme innough. This inclosed perticuler is neere as I remem- 
ber the . . . I sende you for gathering off my rents att . . . 
tyde, but for that you maye sende for Rowland ap Richarde to 
you, and cause him to copy off it, and tell him that I must 
have him take the paynes for mee, for that his grandfather is 
nowe oulde, and hee shall find that I will one waye or other 
consider him for it.'' 

[Outside addressJl 
" To my beloved wiffe Mrs. Abigaile Herbert, comende 
these. Att Dolgiogg." 

[8ealy a bundle of arrows in saltire.'] 

The above correspondence does not extend to the 
period of the Civil War. 



202 HERBERTIANA. 

In the catalogue of gentlemen who compounded for 
their estates, is the name of '' Herbert, Francis, of Dol- 
giog, Mountg., £0318 OO5. OOd"^ 

Francis left two sons ; (1) Sir Matthew Herbert, 
Bart., and (2) Francis Herbert, the father of Richard 
Herbert, who married his kinswoman, Florence, heir 
of the line of the Lords Herbert of Chirbury, of the first 
creation. 

Richard Herbert, Esq. 

The following passage from Blakeway's Sheriffs of 
Shropshir e,releiting to Sir Matthew Herbert, Bart., gives 
an interesting account of his nephew, Richard Herbert : 

'^655. Matthew Herbert of Bromfield and Oakley Park, 
Knt.,^ was eldest son of Francis Herbert of Dolgiog, in Montgo- 
meryshire, son of Matthew Herbert (uncle to the celebrated 
Lord Herbert of Chirbury), by Margaret, sister of Francis Foxe 
of Bromfield. The new edition of Collins makes the present 
sheriff to have been created a baronet in 1663, but it was on the 
18th Dec, 1660, that this honour was conferred on him. He 
died without issue. His brother, Francis Herbert of Oakly Park, 
was father of Richaed Herbert, who, if the sermon preached 
at his funeral by the Rev. John Slade, M.A., of Merton College, 
Oxford, and Vicar of Bromfield, may be credited (and there is 
no reason to dispute it), was a pattern of every moral excellence. 
* His life was according to the design of the Gospel and the 
character of a true Christian, for it was sober, righteous, and 
godly. He was a man exceeding humble, notwithstanding 
the great temptations he had to be proud, both upon the 
account of birth and fortune. He was, it is well known, of an 
ancient and honourable family, and he had. Providence so 
ordering it, a large and plentiful estate. But notwithstanding 
he was so great in the eye of the world, he was little in his 
own, he was so humble and lowly. He was likewise very dis- 
creet and reserved, not apt to be familiar with every one, and 

1 Mont. Coll, vol. i, p. 474. 

2 " The crest of Matthew Herbert was the sheafe of arms. If I 
remember I have seen an escutcheon made at the funeral of Samuel 
Herbert, with the coat — Party per pale three lions ; y® 2nd, a chev- 
ron between three spear bendes ; y^ 3rd, a lion rampant ; y® 4th, 
three cockes, the colours I doe not remember." — From Harl. MS., 
1973, apparently part of an old letter. — (Peniarth MS., No. 5, 
page 182). 



HERBERTIANA. ' 203 

with whom he was so, it was not suddenly, but after he under- 
stood them and their humour. He was a man of few words, 
but they were wise and to the purpose. His calmness and 
moderation of affection were very remarkable, and though he 
knew how to be angry, yet he seldom practised it, for he so 
ruled his passion, that it was a hard matter to discover any in 
him. His righteousness appeared in his dealing and carriage 
towards men, giving every one his due. He was a loyal, 
faithful, obedient subject to the king, whom he served in the 
office of a magistrate, and a soldier, as a justice of the peace, 
and a deputy lieutenant. He thought of nothing too much 
either to do or to give for his sovereign, being always ready 
to serve him in person and goods.^ The preacher then extols 
Mr. Herbert's impartiality and diligence as a magistrate. 
' How many were beholding to him for justice ? how many for 
counsel ? how many for peace ? For partly by counsel and 
partly by authority he reconciled many differences and pre- 
vented more. His deportment in his office was grave, and 
something severe to awe unruly people, but his carriage at 
other times was sweet and affiible. He despised no man, but 
would speak to the meanest, and hear the meanest speak to 
him again. He was a good commonwealth's man, improving 
his estate, and maintaining other men's, by keeping them at 
constant work all the year. He was to his lady a most loving 
husband, to his children a tender father, and to his servants a 
mild master. But that which was most commendable in hi,m 
was his piety towards God. He was never heard to take God's 
name in vain. He loved the house of God, and for a testimony 
hereof, he bestowed the adorning of his chancel, and an aug- 
mentation to the vicarage. The beautifying of this part of the 
house of God was a work commendable in itself, more for the 
time, in that he did it before he repaired his own house ; and 
for an augmentation to this vicarage he has given and settled 
by will the tithes of two townships in this parish, viz., Lady- 
Holton and Aill Holton. He was a constant guest at the 
Lord's Table. As for his private worship, it was daily and 
devout. Besides the common prayer in his family, he used 
private in his closet. He read three chapters of the Holy 
Scripture every day, and the whole Bible every year. This 
course he began at eighteen years of age, and continued till 
his death, when he was about forty-seven. In his last sickness 
he sent for me, confessed his faith before me, desired God's 
pardon and the Church's absolution, both which I trust he had. 
After this his sickness increased, nature decayed, and he died 
of a fever, a fiery disease, which, we hope, proved to him hke 
EHas's fiery chariot, that conveyed him up to heaven.' " 



204 HERBERTIANA. 

It is unsafe to rely implicitly on the praise contained 
in funeral sermons, a mode of posthumous flattery hap- 
pily become obsolete ; yet the topics of commendation 
in this discourse are so judiciously chosen, and of such 
individual application, as to warrant the belief that 
they were more than the effusions of the pulpit, and 
that Mr. Herbert was indeed possessed of qualities, 
which, rare in every age, are still more so in the pre- 
sent, though on their continuance and increase the 
stability of our institutions, and the moral superiority 
of the people, so mainly depend. 

The subject of this funeral eulogy married Florentia, 
granddaughter of the celebrated Lord Herbert, and had 
issue (l) Francis (father of Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis), 
and (2) George Herbert, who, in 1693,married Martha, 
daughter of John Newton of Heightley, and relict of 
Richard Owens, a younger brother of the family of 
Owens of Rhiewsaison, and had issue Francis Herbert, 
Member of the Parliament for Montgomery, to whom 
the third barony of Herbert of Chirbury was limited, 
in default of heirs male of his uncle Francis ;^ and who 
by Mary, daughter of Rowland Baugh, and Mary, 
daughter and coheiress of Thomas, Lord Folliott, had 
issue George, Henry, and Folliott Herbert, and Mary, 
wife of Captain Frederick Cornewall of Diddlebury, 
CO. Salop, and mother of the Right Rev. Folliott Her- 
bert Walker Cornewall, Lord Bishop of Worcester. 

G. S. 

1696. Francis Herbert, Esq.^ 

Francis Herbert of Oakly Park, in the parish of 
Bromfield, sheriff of Shropshire in 1696, and of Mont- 
gomeryshire in 1710, was son of Richard Herbert of 
Dolgiog, in Montgomeryshire, by Florence Herbert, 
sister and heir of Edward and Henry, successively 

^ Florentia Herbert, baptized at Bromfield, 1673, was a daughter 
of this Richard Herbert, also, I presume, Frances, wife of Francis 
Plowdeuy whose daughter Florentia was baptized in 1684. This 
seems to be the same Mr. Plowden who afterwards married the 
sister of the Earl of Staiford. 

2 Blakewaj's Sheriffs of Shropshire. 



HERBERTIANA. 205 

Barons of Chirburj, grandsons of the celebrated Lord 
Herbert. Francis Herbert, by Dorothy, daughter of 
John Oldbury of London, merchant, was father of 
Henry Arthur Herbert, created Earl of Powis in conse- 
quence of his marriage with Barbara Herbert, niece 
and heir of William, third Marquis of Powis. 

John Herbert of Cemmes. 

Sir Richard Herbert^ =F Margaret, dau. of Sir Thomas ap GriiSth. 
Sir Richard Herbert T Ann, daughter of David ap Einion. 



Edw. Herbert Wm. Herbert Oliver Herbert John Herbert of Kemmes, 
of Mont- of Aber- of Mach- m. dau. and heir to Ro- 

gomery. ystwith. ynlleth. bert Gwillym Derwas 

Note— Was this John 
legitimate ? According to Lewys Dwnn, i, p. 312, he was not. It is 
thought that it is stated otherwise in a MS. in the British Museum. 



Margaret Herbert, m. Rev. Anne Herbert, m. Elizabeth Herbert, m. 

Llwyd Blayney ; 2ndly, Humphrey John Richard John 

Hugh John Bevan Goch. Wyn ap Reynallt. Meredith. 

dau. of Llewelyn =F Griff ap Gwilym^^ dau. of Howel ap Rees 

ap David Lloyd. ap Gr. Derwas. ap Howel Vychan. 



Robert ap Griffith ap Gwylim^Mabli, dau. of Morris ap Owen. 



Elizabeth T John Herbert. 



Herbert of Kemmes. 

2. Jane, dau. of Sir Lewis ^ John Herbert of Kemmes, ^1. Elizabeth, dau. 



Orwell, relict of Ed- 2nd son of Sir Richard 

ward, last lord Grey of Herbert, by Anne, dau. 

Powis, She was not of David ap levan ap 

wife of Lord Grey, he Llewelyn Vychan. 
died 5 Edw. VI. 



of Griffith ap 
Gwilym Derwas. 



1 I 

Edward Herbert T Etc. 

I 



Elizabeth :f Lewis Anwyl (Wm. Lewis Anwyl), Etc. 

Sheriff of Montgomery 1625, 

1 PeniartJi MS., No. 5, p. 152. ^ Hengwrt iMS., 96, p. 404. 

^ From Mr. George Morris's pedigrees, a brother of Joseph Mor- 
ris, ill the possession of T. C. Eytou, Esq. 



206 HERBEKTIANA. 

Co]jy of a leiter at Porldngton,from Edward Herhert of Kemmes , 

to his granddaiigliter, Mrs. {Katheriyie) Wynne of 

Glyn in Merionethshire} 

" LoviNGE Granddaughter. — My truest love and prayers 
for yo*" health &c. I was importuned by my nephew and 
your unckle^ John Williams, whose letter you shall find herein 
closed, to moue you in the behaulfe of Doctor Cheadle his 
request. I could not denie though I doubted of anie good 
successe therein, and therefore will not further intreat your 
fauours for him, than may stand with your owne good pleasure. 
Itt maie be he hath formerlie falsified with you, and thereby 
deserved your disfavour. I make noe question but the pro- 
ceedings of bothe parties are truelie discouered vnto you, and 
therefore I whoUie referre my request to your consideration ; 
with my blessinge. I remaine, 

" Your lovinge grandfather, 

" Maes Machreth, the " Edward Herbert." 

xiiij^b Junii, 1637." 

* See extract from a MS. at Porkington in the autograph of 
Lewis Anwyl, Esq., who was the son of Lewis Anwyl, Esq., and the 
ancestor of J. R. Ormsby Gore, Esq., M.P. {Uont. Coll., iii, 375). 



(To he continued.) 



ON THE TWO EECUMBENT FIGUEES IN 
MONTGOMERY CHUECH. 



The south transept of the parish church of St. Nicholas 
at Montgomery, known as the Lymore Chapel, was 
evidently a private chapel. It is lighted from the south 
by one central lancet w^indow, and from each side by a 
smaller one of the same character ; and that it once 
contained an altar under the larger window is evident 
from the fact that, on the north side there is a small 
hagioscope light about eighteen inches by twelve inches, 
from which the altar might have been seen, and that there 
is a piscina projecting from the south wall. Although 
it still bears the name of the Lymore Chapel or Chan- 
cel, it ceased to be used for sacramental or other pur- 
poses since the Ee formation. It now contains three 
fine monuments, viz., (1) a large alabaster canopied 
tomb of Eichard Herbert, father of Lord Herbert of 
Chirbury, and of his well-known brother George, the 
poet and divine ; and (2 and 3) two recumbent armoured 
figures lying side by side on the east side of the larger 
monument, but without inscription or legend of any 
kind to denote whom they represent. 

The large tomb, although erected by the widow of 
Eichard Herbert, contains full length figures of both, 
and under the outer figure, and nearly on a level with the 
floor of the chapel, is a third, a singular representation 
(in alabaster, and also life size) of a corpse in its shroud. 

The following is a copy of the legend on the canopy 
above the figures : — 

'' Here lyeth the body of Richard Herbert, Esquire, whose 
monument was made at the cost of Magdalen, his wife, daughter 



208 EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHURCH. 

of Sir Eichard Newport, of High Ercall, in the county of 
Salop, Knight, deceased, of Dame Margaret, his wife, daughter 
and sole heir to Sir Thomas Bromley, Knight, late Lord Chief 
Justice of England, one of the executors of the late Kinge, of 
most famous memory, Kinge Henry the VIII. — Auo. Dom. 
1600.'^ 

It is, however, to the two other effigies that we 
more particularly desire to direct attention, as there 
has been, and still is (as to one of them at least), a 
doubt as to whom they represent. We will shortly 
describe each. 

The body of the older one appears encased in chain 
armour extending to and covering the neck, while the 
head, all but the face, is covered by a headpiece or 
helmet, encircled by a finely carved ornamental device 
representing a chain. The head rests upon a crown or 
headpiece surmounted by a plume of feathers, together 
about eighteen inches in length. The armour of the 
breast and body is covered with a representation of a 
shield of arms, which is afterwards alluded to. The 
thighs, knees and legs are also encased in armour ; the 
hands are bare and placed in an attitude of prayer, and 
the feet rest upon an animal, apparently a dog. 

The more modern of these two effigies differs from 
the other in many respects. The head is uncovered, but 
with long hair flowing down to the shoulders, and rests 
upon a helmet which, although broken, bears in fine 
relief the feet and claws of the falcon, or some other 
wild bird. The expression of the face is remarkable ; 
a firm mouth with a contracted brow strongly indi- 
cative of pain. The face of this figure is shorn, while 
that of the other has hair on the upper lip.. The body, 
legs and fecjt are encased in armour. The hands are also 
in the attitude of prayer, and upon each hand are ^ve 
rings, two on the middle finger and one on each of the 
other three; the feet also rest upon an animal similar to 
that previously mentioned. Bound the neck and rest- 
ing on the breast, is a chain resembling the insignia of 
an order of knighthood, but what it is we cannot de- 
termine. 



EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHURCH. 209 

For mediaeval figures we have rarely seen any bear- 
ing, more essentially, evidence of a master hand, whe- 
ther as regards proportion, minutiae of detail in sculp- 
ture, or, as regards the later figure, the marked ex- 
pression of the face. 

As we have before said, there has hitherto been a 
doubt as to whom the figures represent. 

Mr. Henry Godwin of Newbury, the author of the 

I English Archwologisfs Hand-book, writes thus of each : 
^' They seem effigies of the early part of the reign of Henry 
Vl, before the condiero or elbow pieces became so absurd ; but 
Ihis absurdity itself was only a military foppery in those days. 
There is hardly a piece which does not tally with my description 
of the armour of the fifteenth century (1464)." 

" The later one," Mr. Planche thinks, "is of the date 
of Henry YII, and the other a century earlier, either 
Richard II or Henry lY." He also thinks " that the 
long hair of the later figure shows it to be of Henry 
VII's reign, the hair being then worn long, whereas in 
Henry YIII's time it was polled." 

In 1872, J. J. Howard, Esq., LL.D., F.S.A., inspected 
the monuments, and, for the first time, suggested that, 
in his opinion, the elder one of the efiigies was de- 
cidedly that of an Earl of March. 

He states that " the beautiful seaP of Edmund Mor- 
timer, Earl of March, appended to a deed belonging to 
Sir Thomas Hare, Bart., dated 45 Edward III, repre- 
sents the shield of 

Barry of six or and azure, an inescutcheon argent, on a 
chief of the first, three palets between two gyronnies of the 
second, ♦ 

suspended on a tree and supported by two hons, having 
their heads enclosed in helmets surmounted by lofty 
piumes of feathers issuing from coronets. Legend, 

^ A woodcut of this seal is given in Dashwood's Sigilla Antiqua, 
2nd series, 1862. 

VOL. VI. P 



210 EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHURCH. 

S. EDMVNDI DE MORTVO MARI COM' MARCH' d'nI DE 
CLARE. 

" Now the effigy lias on its breast the Mortimer arms, 
and, in addition, has the head supported by a helmet 
ensigned with a crown and plume of feathers." 

Since Dr. Howard inspected it, it has been observed 
that the small centre escutcheon has a bend upon it, 
which may be a difference. Dr. Howard adds that 
he could not find, any other clue to the other or later 

effigy. 

With reference to the later effigy, Mr. William Wild- 
ing of Montgomery has formed an opinion that it is 
that of Sir Richard Herbert, Knight, the first of that 
family who settled in Montgomeryshire, a younger son 
of Sir Richard Herbert of Colebrooke, in Monmouth- 
shire, and great grandfather of Lord Herbert of Chir- 
bury. 

He founds this opinion upon passages in Lord Her- 
bert's autobiography,^ in which Lord Herbert expressly 

^ The following extracts from the autobiography of Lord Herbert 
of Chirbury are what Mr. Wilding relies upon — 

" My father was Richard Herbert, Esq., son to Edward Herbert, 
Esq., and grandchild to Sir Richard Herbert, Knt., who was a 
younger son of Sir Richard Herbert of Colebrook in Monmouth- 
shire, of all whom I shall say a little. And first of my father, whom 
I remember to have been black haired and bearded, as all my ances- 
tors of his side are said to have been, of a manly or somewhat stern 
look, but withall very handsome and well compact in his limbs, and 
of a great courage. 

* # * # m 

" My grandfather was of a various life, beginning first at court, 
where after he had spent most part of his means he became a 
soldier, and made his fortune with his sword at the siege at St. 
Quintens in France, and other wars. He died at the age of four- 
score or thereabouts, and was buried in Montgomery Church, with- 
out having any monument made for him, which yet for my father 
is there set up in a fair manner. 

" My great grandfather, Sir Richard Herbert, was steward in the 
time of King Henry the Eighth of the Lordships and Marches of 
North Wales, East Wales, and Cardiganshire, and had power in a 
marshal law to execute offenders ; in the using thereof he was so 
just that he acquired to himself a singular reputation, as may 
appear upon the records of that time kept in the paper chamber at 



EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHUECH. 211 

mentions (1) the canopied monument of his father and 
mother who, as he says, were both buried in Mont- 
gomery church ; and (2) the fact that his grandfather, 
Edward Herbert, Esq., although buried in the same 
church, had no memorial erected to him ; and (3) that 
his great grandfather. Sir Richard Herbert, "lieth 
buried likewise in Montgomery, the upper monument of 
the two placed in the chancel being erected to him." 

What " upper" may mean, and whether " chancel" 
means the south transept or "Lymore Chapel," may be 
doubtful ; but looking at the fact that there are but 
three monuments (except mural tablets) in the church, 
all of which existed in Lord Herbert's time, and are 
expressly mentioned by him, and that there is no record 
or trace whatever of any other monument ; and, further, 
that the style of armour of the later of the two figures, 
according to Mr. Planche, is that of Henry YII, in 
whose reign Lord Herbert's great grandfather lived, all 
tend, Mr. Wilding thinks, to prove that this monument 
is that of Sir Richard Herbert, the first of the family 
who migrated from Monmouthshire. 

Alluding to the theory that each figure represents a 
member of the Mortimer family, Mr. Wilding remarks, 
" that if this be so, all trace of the monument of Sir 
Richard Herbert, of which Lord Herbert so distinctly 
speaks, has wholly disappeared." 

The Rev. W. Y. Lloyd is of opinion that the effigies 
in Montgomery Church are those of members of the 
Mortimer family. Earls of March. He says " that 
Blakeway, in his Sheriff's of Shropshire, assigns to 
Ralph de Mortimer, sherifi* in 1273, the same arms as 
those described by Dr. Howard as being on the earlier 
of the Montgomery effigies. The age assigned by 
Messrs. Planche and Godwin to the armour worn by 
the above effigies is, at the latest, that of the reign of 
Henry YII, and the earlier effigy that of the reign of 

Whitehall, some touch whereof I have made in my History of Henry 
the Eiglith. He lyeth buried likewise in Montgomery, the upper 
monument of the two placed in the chaiicel being erected for him^ 

p2 



212 EFFIGIES m MONTGOMERY CHURCH. 

Ricliard II or Henry IV. Mr. Planche tells us that 
the later effigy, with long hair, must have been that of 
a person who died, at the latest, in the reign of Henry 
VII. Dying at a later period he would have been re- 
presented with his hair 'polled.' Now the first Her- 
bert that w^as ever likely to have been buried at Mont- 
gomery was Sir Richard Herbert, the great grandfather 
of Lord Herbert of Chirbury. Between the 9th of No- 
vember and Christmas of 1535, 27 Henry VIII, Bishop 
and Lord President Rowland Lee, in giving an account 
to Cromw^ell of the condition of the military stores of 
Ludlow Castle, says ' ther be also, in sir Richard Her- 
bert's custodye, two hundreth harnesse lyeing roting, 
and he heing now sicke, I sent to him to knowe the 
truthe' (Wright's History of Ludlow, p. 881). Although 
'sicke' in 1535, Sir Richard lived probably until 1540, 
therefore the latter effigy with lon^ hair, worn at the 
latest in the reign of Henry VII, was not his. 

"We know that the Mortimers, Earls of March, were 
also Lords of Montgomery, Kerry, and Kedewen,^ and 



^ The following charter, which by the kindness of W. W. E. 
Wynne, Esq., we are enabled to print, testifies to the connection 
which the Mortimers had with the district : — 

" Edmundus de Mortuamari Comes Marchias &' Ultonie Dominus 
Wigmor & Clare omnibus ad quos pr'sentes litere p'uenerint salutem. 
Sciatis q'd tam pro bono & laudabili seruitio quod dilectus serviens 
noster Meredith ap Adda Moell nobis impendit quam pro bono & 
fideli gestu ipsius Meredith & Antecessorum suorura legeancia 
penes dominum Rogere & progenitores suos ac nos & antecessores 
nostros super partes Marchiarum walliee concessimus eidem Mere- 
dith oi'a terras t'entaprata & boscos in Aberhauesb infra dominium 
n'rum de Kedewyn & o'ia terr' tenementa prata & boscos in villis 
nostris de Gwenrewe & Coytref infra dominium nostrum de Kery 
in manibus nostris tanq'm escaet' & forisfactur' existencia Haben- 
dum & tenendum omnia predicta terr' tenementa prata & boscos in 
villis nostris de Gwenrewe & Coytref infra dominium nostrum de 
Kery pr'd. & omnia predicta terras tenementa prata & boscos in 
Aberhauesp infra dominium nostrum de Kedewen vt predictum est 
in manibus nostris escaet' & forisfactur' existencia cum omnibus 
suis libertatibus franchesiis et consuetudinibus predicto Meiedith 
& assignatis suis imperpetuura de nobis et heredibus nostris per 
redditus & servitia inde debita & de iure consueta. In cuius rei 



EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHURCH. 213 

always popular with their Welsh tenantry. It was 
generally to Wales the members of the family fled when 
proscribed, or in need of reinforcements. Edmund de 
Mortimer, uncle of the fifth and last Earl of March of 
his family, married Owen Glendower s daughter, and 
joined him at the head of his Welsh tenantry. 

" Edmund Mortimer, the fifth and last Earl of March, 
was left an orphan at six years of age, and was com- 
mitted to the wardship of Henry Y as Prince of Wales. 
After having distinguished himself in the French wars, 
he died childless in the reign of Henry VI, 1424, aged 
about thirty-two years. This last Earl's nephew, 
Richard, Duke of York, succeeded to the Mortimer 
baronies, and amongst them to the lordships of Mont- 
gomery, Kerry, and Kedewen. I have already given 
an account of the two charters of privileges and immu- 
nities granted 2nd of July, 22 Henry YI, 1444, to his 
tenants of Kerry and Kedewen. He lived in trou- 
bled times, and may have considered Montgomery 
Church, lying under his castle walls, a fit and safe 
resting-place for the remains of his uncle and prede- 
cessor, Edmund, fifth and last Mortimer, Earl of March, 
and of his grand uncle, Edmund, the son-in-law of 
Owen Glendower. 

*'As Dr. Howard describes one of the effigies as 
having on the ' breast the Mortimer arms, and in addi- 
tion having the head supported by a helmet ensigned 
with a crown and a plume of feathers ;' and, as the era 
assigned to the armour by Messrs. Planche and Godwin 
synchronizes with the period when the Mortimers were 
associated with the locality," Mr. Lloyd concludes " that 
the effigies under consideration were those of members 
of that family, the Lords of Montgomery, Kerry, and 
Kedewen." 

testimonium has literas nostras fieri fecimus patentes. Dat, London 
primo die Junij anno regni Regis Henrici 5 post conqnestum tercio. 
[a.d. 1415.]" 

[From a transcript, in the autograph of Mr. Robert Vaughan, 
the antiquary of Hengwrt, in Hengwrt MS., 96, page 1347.] 



214 EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHURCH. 

From the foregoing it is clear that tlie earlier of the 
two effigies is that of an Earl of March, but as to the 
other it is not so clear ; but on the whole we incline to 
the opinion that it was that of another member of the 
Mortimer family, and probably that of the last Earl of 
March. 



215 



CIRCULAR FLINT KNIFE FOUND IN 
TREFEGLWYS. 




This beautiful flint implement, which is well repre- 
sented in its full size by the above woodcut and sec- 
tion, was found in the spring of 1871 on the farm of 
Glan y rafon, situate in the parish of Trefeglwys, and 
belonging to Nicholas Bennett, Esq., one of our mem- 
bers. A labourer was grubbing up a rundel or decayed 
oak tree, in a coppice which is on the north side of a 



21 G CIRCULAR FLINT KNIFE. 

field called Dolty coch, and found the flint amongst the 
roots of the tree, several feet below the level of the 
ground. A short time ago a quern was found a few 
hundred yards from the spot, but there are no appear- 
ances of ancient remains in the neighbourhood. 

The flint is about two inches in diameter, and is pro- 
nounced to be a remarkably fine specimen of a circular 
flint knife, — a form of somewhat rare type. Mr. John 
Evans, in his work on " Ancient Stone Implements of 
Great Britain,^' p. 306, mentions several, and also 
figures two (figs. 257 and 258), which resemble this, 
but are not so perfectly circular. Another is engraved 
in the last number of the ArchcBological Journal, which 
we have not seen. 

This circular flint knife was exhibited at the meeting 
of the Society of Antiquaries on 1 3th February, 1 8 73. 
It was remarked that it had been formed by chipping 
over the whole of both faces. The whole of the peri- 
phery had been ground, so as to form a sharp edge, 
except in two places, where for a short distance the 
edge was left as it was chipped. Only a few of the 
roughnesses on the surface have been ground. 

Mr. Bennett, of Glan y rafon, has presented this in- 
teresting flint implement to the Powys-land Museum, 
and it is hoped it will form the nucleus of a collection of 
flint and other stone implements found in Montgomery- 
shire. Hitherto this county, and Wales generally, have 
been more barren of discoveries of antiquities of this 
description than other parts of Great Britain. 



217 



MOULD FOR CASTING TOKENS FOUND AT 
MATHRAVAL. 



P 



The lithograph annexed represents a piece of slate 
four inches and a half long, an inch and a half broad, 
and a quarter of an inch thick, on which are four 
circular holes, sunk about a tenth of an inch, and 
engraved with certain rude devices : one of them is a 
very rough representation of a horse ; two others have 
patterns formed with lines ; and the fourth, if it has 
been engraved at all, is now eflfaced. At each corner a 
stud of soft lead is let into the slate. Three still 
remain, and there is the mark where the fourth was 
fixed, but that corner of the piece of slate has been 
broken off through the hole drilled for the fourth stud. 
The studs project, on the side of the slate on which the 
devices are engraved, about one-sixth of an inch, and 
have evidently been intended to fit into another stone, 
which would go on the top of it. 

It was found in 1871, on the bank of the river 
Yirniew, adjoining the site of the ancient castle of 
Mathraval, in the parish of Llangyniew, Montgomery- 
shire, by Mr. Eobert Eoberts of Meifod, Glazier, who 
states that it then had the appearance of having been 
in the ground for a long time. It is evidently one 
half of a mould intended for casting tokens or some 
rude medals. It does not appear to have any relation to 
the historic spot at which it was found. A rubbing of 
it was submitted (through the Secretary of the Powys- 
land Club) to Mr. John Evans, F.R.S., who states that 
"it is probably of about the sixteenth century, and in- 



218 MATHRAVAL MOULD. 

tended for casting leaden tokens. Some such tokens 
are engraved in Akerman's Tradesmen's Tokens current 
in London (1849), plate viii." The token, fig. 9 on 
that plate, has on the reverse the same plain chequered 
pattern as specimen 2 of this mould. Mr. Evans adds 
— " Moulds of a similar character were in use at the 
commencement of this century among school-boys for 
casting * dumps', with which to play instead of with 
money." From the present appearance of the mould, 
some may think it not so old as the sixteenth century, 
but the appearance it bore when it was found, of having 
been long in the ground, would place it before this 
century ; and the skill shown in fixing the studs of 
lead in the stone clearly shows it was not the work of 
a school-boy. 

Mr. H. Ecroyd Smith has favoured us with the fol- 
lowing remarks on leaden tokens in reference to this 
mould : — 

'^ Leaden tokens similar in character and probably of various 
dates ranging from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, 
have often turned up in this and other countries to the plague, 
and often mortification, of the numismatist or antiquary, inas- 
much as many have been too hastily assumed to be antique. 
In " An Account of the Discovery of a Roman Building in Gur- 
nard Bay, Isle of Wight, and its relation to the Ancient Tin 
trade of the Island," by the Rev. Edmund Kell,^ notices ap- 
pear with a plate, illustrating eighteen examples which are 
erroneously supposed to be Roman ; five follow found at the 
Roman station Medina (Newport), one of which (fig. 20, plate 
22) bears a device almost identical with that of specimen 3 
of the Mathraval mould ; and one from Crayford in Kent 
which is likewise of this age. Not one of the Gurnard Bay 
pieces are ancient, unless one, which, apparently representing 
the wolf and twins, may be so considered : it is of difierent 
shape to the others, being of rectangular form instead of cir- 
cular. They mostly bear T C, more or less rudely traced, on 
one side, and a geometrical design, often wheel-shaped, on 
the reverse. Another series is from Brough, in Westmorland, 
and found associated with Roman remains washed together 

^ Vide British ArchcBological Journal, vol. 22, p. 354. 



MATHRAVAL MOULD. 219 

into a stream, but carefully eliminated by the owner from the 
Roman seals which also occur here^ (and possibly, though 
in very limited number, at an adjacent station), and are quite 
unique in character and elsewhere unknown. The medi- 
aeval ones are found to bear the following devices ; a plainly 
chequered pattern/ like specimen 2 in the Mathraval slate- 
mould ; a cross patee with a pellet in each angle; a plain St. 
Andrew's cross, with stars and pellets in opposite angles; 
similar shaped cross, but of numerous lines carried out through 
the diminishing angles to the very rim,^ like specimen 3 on 
the Mathraval mould; shape of a rudely spoked wheel; wheel- 
shaped, the spokes alternately straight and curvilinear ; star 
and crescent; fleur-de-lis; animal, possibly a lion; rude mono- 
gram. These have a device only on one side. From the bed of 
the river Bug in Lithuania, a considerable number of leaden 
pieces have been at times dredged up : they are of similar 
general character, but, like the Roman ones at Brough, show 
the orifices of the ligature by which some kind of objects have 
been bound, and upon which these leaden seals, for such they 
must have been, were stamped. Indeed, several examples 
are depicted with the strings still protruding from the lead on 
each side. These seals are rude and unshapely, mere discs, 
presenting letters, human faces, or birds, but the prevailing 
devices are crosses and geometrical designs in great variety. 
One of the devices, a cross patee with a pellet in each angle, 
is a counterpart to the one from Brough, described above. 
Certainly, these leaden seals must date earlier than the medi- 
eval English examples named. 

We may add that Mr. H. Ecroyd Smith considers 
the mould to be not later than the sixteenth century. 
The leaden articles from Gurnard Bay were subse- 
quently (13th Februaiy, 1867, see British Archceological 
Journal, vol. 23, p. 97) pronounced by Mr. H. Syer 
Cuming and other antiquaries to be children's 
" dumps," productions of the seventeenth and first half 
of the eighteenth centuries, but others were of a different 
opinion. Mr. Cuming on that occasion exhibited one 
half of a mould for casting " dumps,'' which is described 
as " a block of free stone about three inches square and 
an inch and a quarter thick ; the smooth surface incised 

^ These two medals have been acquired for the Powysland 
Museum. 



220 MATHRAVAL MOULD. 

with a die an inch and a half in diameter, bearing a 
heart transfixed laterally by an arrow," and stated that 
*Hhis curious object was the work of the seventeenth 
century, and was recovered from the Thames, near the 
site of old London Bridge.^' 

The Mathraval mould was presented to the Powys- 
land Museum by E. S. R. Trevor, Esq. (one of our 
members) on the 6th March, 1873. 



221 



WELSH POETEY, ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE 
HISTORY OF LLANGURIG.^ 

By HOWEL. W. LLOYD. 



In the last poem we have seen that, while the virtues 
of two of the four brothers of Llangurig are commemo- 
rated, those of Jenkyn are the most fully and promi- 
nently dwelt upon. It appears from the genealogies 
that William, the fourth brother, died unmarried, and 
that the second brother Owen, though married, is not 
known to have left any surviving issue. Thomas, the 
eldest son of leuan of Clochfaen, having been provided 
with an inheritance at Crugnant, Owen would natu- 
rally have been succeeded at Clochfaen by Jenkyn, the 
third brother. Which of the three, together with 
Jenkyn, survived the other two, does not appear, as his 
name is not found in any extant portion of the poem. 
If an inference may be drawn from the fact that the 
one was unmarried, and the other left no heirs, that 
they died early in life, leuan must have been the other 
survivor. It has been already remarked, how deeply to 
be regretted is the fact, that a poem so interesting from 
its political and social allusions should have come down 
to' us in so very dilapidated and fragmentary a state. 

This is to be lamented the more, because, more than 
any other of the poems, it furnishes contemporaneous 
evidence not only of the high estimation in which the 
Clochfaen family and its kindred branches were held at 
that time in their own immediate neighbourhood, and 
far and wide beyond it ; but also of the causes which 
occasioned their being regarded by the classes below 
them, as in a peculiar and special manner their patrons 
^ Continued from vol. v, p. 49. 



222 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTKATIVE OF 

and defenders. The devotion and aflfection rendered 
them did not spring from mere feelings of clanship, nor 
were these wholly the fruit of the ordinary service paid 
in those days by inferiors to their superiors in education 
and worldly position. This is shown especially in stanzas 
8 to 16, wherein not only are the virtues ascribed to 
Jenkyn particularised in a way that differs pointedly 
from the common-place generalities of Welsh enco- 
miastic poetry ; but facts and events are referred to 
as having become special occasions for their exercise. 
Paraphrased in plain prose, these stanzas are very sig- 
nificant, and may, without much risk of error, be 
referred to the year 1549, when the celebration of the 
Mass was abolished throughout the kingdom by Act of 
Parliament. By a slight amplification of the text he 
seems to say, " In thy mansion — the bright mansion of 
the Clochfaen — O Jenkyn, son of Morys, by thy favour, 
and under the protection of thy men-at-arms, are we 
driven to solemnise in the privacy of thy mansion the 
holy rites of our ancient faith, deprived as we are of 
our parish church. To thee do we look to put down 
the evil that has come upon us. Thus will the recti- 
tude of thy life be eventually rewarded by God, and 
the wickedness of the evil-doers be brought to nought. 
In thy talent, energy, constancy and goodness lies, 
under God, our strength. Thou hast not oppressed 
us, like others, in the pride and arrogance of their 
hearts, nor abandoned thy faith in the hour of trial and 
danger at the beck of the proud nobles of Edward's 
court. The poor, who suffer elsewhere from the 
plunder of the religious houses, and the enclosure of 
the abbey lands, on which every poor family had been 
privileged to graze its cow, are fed daily from thy 
table. To a bitter condition, in sooth, has the country 
been reduced for the mere gain of Henry YIII and his 
profligate and unprincipled courtiers. Still we have no 
hope that this wretched state of things will be reversed 
till their madness has run its course. And thou, too, 
Cyricus, holy martyr, and patron of our district, who 



THE HISTORY OF LLANGURIG. 223 

dgnest with Christ in heaven, bestow on us thy bless- 
ig, and aid us with thy powerful prayers ! So shall 
'-e be strengthened to endure with fortitude the assaults 
upon our holy religion with which it has pleased God 
to try our faith, in patience waiting for the time when 
this tyranny shall be overpast, and the consolation we 
shall obtain by the restoration of our rites and altars." 
The Clochfaen and Llangurig families were content 
to dwell in comparative obscurity among their own 
people, at the head of whom they held themselves in 
readiness to place themselves at the call of duty. Driven 
from their parish church, their mansion became, as it 
were, a church in the catacombs among the mountains 
of Plinlimmon, for all those who loved the ancient ways 
and walked in the old paths. ^ 

In the poem now to follow Jenkyn alone is com- 
memorated, whether because he was at the time the 
sole survivor does not appear from any of the lines now 
extant. The poem is unhappily fragmentary, and the 
text frequently doubtful ; still sufficient remains from 
which to obtain, in this nineteenth century of ours, a 
curious and interesting glimpse of the social customs of 
our forefathers in the fifteenth and commencement of the 
sixteenth, w^hich might otherwise have escaped notice. 
The occasion for its composition would seem to have been 
the annual ''wake," or feast of St. Curig, the patron saint 
of the village, which w^as kept on the 1 6th of June, and 
continued, perhaps for some days, during the whole or 
part of the octave. It would seem that Jenkyn, as 

^ Strype significantly relates that the Protector's friend, Sir 
William Paget, advised him, among other things, " To appoint the 
Lord Ferrers and Sir William Herbert to bring as many horsemen 
out of Wales as they dared trusts — Ecdes. Mem., Edward VI, 1549, 
edit. Oxford, 1822, vol. ii, book 1, part 1, p. 265. But we learn 
from Holinshed that the 1000 Welshmen, who had been landed at 
Bristol, " came too late to the fraie, yet soon enough to the plaie.'* 
For the city of Exeter, having been already taken by siege, " the 
whole countrie was then pat to the spoile, and euerie soldier fought 
for his best profit; a just plague," as our chronicler naively adds, 
" upon rebels and disloiall persons." — Chron., vol. iii, p. 1025, edit. 
1587. 



224 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTRATIVE OF 

head of the chief family of the place, unless it were in 
a magisterial or other official capacity, presided at the 
fair, and considered it his prerogative at least, if not 
his duty, to arbitrate at the games, to prevent or extin- 
guish brawls, and punish disorderly conduct of the kind 
which subsequently, for want of such a check, brought 
into discredit the pastimes which were otherwise calcu- 
lated to provide the peasantry with harmless recrea- 
tion, and led to their discontinuance. His also was the 
place at the head of the festive board, to which, as well 
as to the drinking-bout after the banquet, all contri- 
buted their quota, called the "gild." On the occasion 
in question a dispute would seem to have arisen with 
regard to a second contribution, and the discretion of 
Jenkyn in promoting its peaceable settlement, appa- 
rently by assuming the responsibility of the whole of 
the payment, is made a special subject of encomium. 
Obscure as is the passage, a ray of light is thrown 
upon it by a usage which is said still to subsist at 
Llangurig. On every rent-day it is customary for the 
landlord to allow as much liquor as he may deem 
proper for the consumption of the guests at the tenants' 
dinner. If more than this allowance be required, the 
additional expense is defrayed by the subscription of 
all the guests. 

We learn from the genealogies that Jenkyn was 
married to Catherine, daughter of Morgan ab Tlhys ab 
Howel of Llangurig, ab Davydd ab Howel Vychan of 
Gilvachwen, co. Cardigan, Esq., descended from Cadi- 
vor ab Dyfnwal, Lord of Castel Howel, Gilfachwen, 
and Pant Streimon. It is this lady, with " mind on 
hospitable thoughts intent," who is commemorated in 
the poem. In the manuscript the latter is entitled 
vaguely, like most of the others, A Poem to the Family 
of Clochfaen in Llangurig. From the fact that there 
are no titles prefixed to the poems in Huw Arwystli's 
autograph in the quarto volume at Peniarth,^ it may 
be inferred that those in the Llyfr Ceniarth were not 

1 Fentarth Catalogue^ Ko. 250. 



THE HISTORY OF LLANGURIG. 225 

copied by the transcriber from the originals before him, 
but supplied from his own resources, an hypothesis 
which accounts sufficiently for their general looseness 
and inaccuracy. 

Cywydd I Genedl y Clochfaen yn Llangurig. 

Gwr a maint a grym yntaw, 
Y^th menter^ wrth y maint draw, 
tan y fron 
llwyd winau 'n^ lie dynion, 
ystryw^ yw dy wraidd, 
Siancyn wyr Siancyn* iraidd ; 
Breuddewr wyd, o bai ryw ddig, 
Breugyw eryr Bro Gurig ; 
Mur ranwydd mawr yr Een weilch, 
Mawr yw ^r half am warrau beilch ; 
Llin edn^ Howel, llawn odiaeth, 
Llwyd, trwy waed leirll, draw y daeth ; 
O daw rhywiau^ da i 'r heol, 
Edn i edn Tanwr wyt — aent ar ol. 
Duw a ^i rhodd, Ffwg'' dewriad jffon, 
Doraeth^ hynod wrth Einion. 

Grerri dau^ gwraidd wyd, 
Craig yn ol carw gwineulwyd.^^ 
Dewr o ddyrnod oedd arnynt 

D^ aros, Hid gweilch Rhys Llwyd gynt. 
o' th wobrwyaeth^^ briawd, 

1 ddai Rent,^^ les iddyn', tylawd. 
Cathrin Ian cydranai wledd 

I^ th fywj Eryr, a^ th fawredd. 
Porthiant ^d i 'th parth hwnt oedd, 
A mawr, sad, o 'r Mars ydoedd. 
bob peth i 'r wyneb wych 



^ " Menter" is not found in the dictionaries. An ancient Welsh 
melody, still in use, bears the title of Mentre Gwen. It would seem 
to be a corruption of the English word " venture," itself perhaps 
corrupted from the Welsh " antur ;" jpace Dr. Johnson, who deduces 
it from the French " avanture." But whence comes this last, unless 
from the Celtic ? 2 'j.^ l. C. ^ ygtriw, L. C. 

* i. e., Jenkyn Goch. ^ eow, L. C. ^ rhiwiau, L. C. 

7 fwg, L. C. 8 doreth, L. C. ; ynod, L. C. 9 dai, L. C. 

1^ gwinelwyd, L. C. ^^ obrwayth, L. C. 

12 For " y deuai Rhent." 

VOL. VI. Q 



226 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTRATIVE OF 



Ni roed, eurner wyd arnyn^. 
Win, fedd, er anfodd un. 
Triniwr^ beilch dy ran o 'r bri, 
I was gwaedwyllt nis gadewi ; 
Ni fagech law fwg awch[lym] 
Yn y ffair, on 'd pherid[grym] -^ 
Gwr [h]ynod a gyrr wenwyn, 
Cadwed yr ael gyda i drwyn. 
Ni thynwyd arf o' th wain di, 
Heb roi bar obry i 'w beri. 

rhoed hwynt far, rbaid hwyn^ fu, 
Ercbi 'r enaid, a cbrynu. 
Ni tbrwsiwyd, o' th nawfed acb 
Un a chalon uchelach. 
V th dai odiaeth diodydd, 
A bwyd i bawb, o daw bydd. 
Braidd^ a' u nych, a 'r breuddyn chwyn* 
Etto i yfed i ^r terfyn. 
Troi gwirod traw ag agos, 
Yn rhawiau [wjnaen 'r hyd y nos ; 
Ai da hyn, wedi hynny, 
Roi i gytild^ gwraig y ty ? 
Talwyd un gild,^ dyled yw 'n gwaith, 

1 gael talu gild^ eilwaith ?. 
Da genyd ei digoni, 
Dalu dy hun ei dyled hi, 
Ni chawdd*" gair, iechyd gwerin 
I ^w addoli ar dy ddeulin"^ 
Gwr ni ddwg graen weddw wych 

odiaeth 
ar warr dy waith 
OS dymunwn 

aur ar dwn. 

Huw Arwystli ai cant, Mehefin Ibed., 1600.^ 

1 Triniwr, L. C. 

2 The last two syllables are supplied from conjecture, 
s Beirdd, L. C. ; ai, L. C. 

* chwyrn, L. C. The sense of this couplet is obscure. 

^ tild, L. C, and " gilt" in next line, 

6 hi chawd, L. C. 7 dai lin, L. C. 

^ This date is clearly apocryphal. David Lloyd of Clochfaen, 
Jenkyn's son, was Mayor of Llanidloes, Escheater, and Justice of 
the Peace in 1574. See supra, vol. ii, p. 194r 



THE HISTORY OF LLANGURIG. 227 



Ode to Jenkyn ab Morys of Clochfaen in Llangurtg. 



^Bian of stature, and of strength, 
^H^hy daring is proportionate to thy size, 
^^B Three impe7-fect lines. 

^■"enkyn, thou grandson of Jenkyn the Sturdy, 
^Thou art ready and resolute, if there be any provocation. 
Thou spirited fledgling of the Eagle of Curig^s Land. 
Thou huge rampart of the domain of the ancient Falcons. 
Mighty is thy talon^s clutch of the necks of proud ones. 
Wondrously perfect is the line of Howel 
Lloyd, that hath come down from afar, through the blood of 

Earls.i 
If families of high birth enter the street 
Thou art a pullet of the Fire-bearer's^ pullet — let them give 

place. 
Thy stafi" hath the stoutness of Fulk's^ — it is God's gift. 
Distinguished on Einion's side is thy race. 
From Kerry thou possessest two roots. 
Who art a rock in the path of a tawny stag. 
Stout, if a blow from thy fist fell upon them. 
Would be those who await thee, whose wrath is that of Ehys 
Lloyd's falcons of old 

by thy special donation 
Has rent come to the poor for their benefit. 
The fair Catharine^ hath distributed the banquet. 
For thy support, O Eagle, and for thy greatness. 
There was provision of corn for thy party yonder. 
And great and powerful was it over the March, 
everything fair to the view. 

An hiatus of two lines. 
There hath not been given — so bountiful a lord art thou over 

them — 
Wine or mead to the discontent of any one. 
A marshaller of proud ones, thou wilt not leave 

1 Tudor Trefor, Lluddoccaf, and Caradog, who were successively 
Earls of Hereford and Gloucester. 

2 Madog Danwr. 
2 Sir Fulke Fitz Warren, a Lord Marcher, son and heir of Sir 

Warren de Weaux, a nobleman of Lorraine. He attacked, defeated, 
and slew Sir Meurig Llwyd, Knt., Lord of Whittington, and took 
possession of .his castle and lordship, which were confirmed to him 
by Henry III, 

^ For the pedigree of Catharine, wife of Jenkyn Goch, see vol. 
ii, p. 271. 

Q2 



228 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTRATIVE OF 

Thy meed of honour to a hot-tempered servant. 
Thou wouldst not support a hand as sharp as smoke 
In the fair, wert thou not compelled to it : 
A man of mark will dispel mischief ; 
Let such a one use his nose to guard his eyebrow. 
Never hath weapon been drawn by thee from its sheath. 
Save when necessitated by offence given from below. 
If they have given thee offence, of necessity they must 
Tremble, and beg for their lives. 
Never was equipped, since thy ninth ancestor. 
One of higher mettle than thou art. 
At thy mansion is the very best of drink. 
And of meat, for all who enter it. 

Scarcely will it pain them, when the gallant gentleman urges it, 
Again to drink on to the end. 
They would toss off the liquor, far and near. 
In shovelsfull, all the night long. 
Is it a decent thing that, after this. 
All should pay their quota to the goodwife ? 
One contribution^ has been paid ; is it a duty on our part 
To have to pay a contribution a second time ? 
Thou wert pleased to satisfy her. 
By paying her due thyself. 

There is no offence in a word — the weal of the populace 
Is to be worshipped on both thy knees. 
A man who will not bear a smart widow's temper 

The poem concludes with one hlanJc, aiid three imperfectj and 
(in their ^present state) unintelligible lines. 

The next poem appears in the Llyfr Ceniarth in the 
shape of two disjointed fragments, the latter of which 
is found tacked on to that printed above, ^ commencing 

" Da fu Duw, a difai dyn,'' 

and relating to leuan of Clochfaen, the eldest of the 
" four brothers." Its concluding lines prove it to be 
part of an elegy on Owain, the second brother. The 
other fragment, which terminates abruptly in an hiatus, 
is as plainly the commencement of an elegy on the 
same Owain. Taken together, the two fragments be- 

1 " Gildio, compotationum expensas persolvere. — Davies's Diet.'' 

2 P. 76. 



ft 



THE HISTORY OF LLANGURIG, 229 

>me intelligible, and form a tolerably harmonious 
^hole. Gwenllian, the wife of leuan, appears as 
•wain's sister, and swoons away with grief for her 
irother-in-law. The fragments which may have origi- 
nally formed but one elegy, or may be separate portions 
>f two by different authors, are here thrown together 
under the title of one of them, viz. : — 

Cywydd Marwnad Owain [ab MorysJ^ab Siancyn Goch o 

Llangurig. 

Gwae ninnau, Duw gwyn ! o'n dig, 

Gae ^r bryn cwyr ger bron Curig. 

Du oedd wyneb dydd lonawr 

I gwyno mab Gwinai mawr. 

Doe fu torri daear a phren, 

Rhoi daear ar iad Owen : 

Yn ol y corpli wylo y caid, 

Dydd angladd deuddeng wlad ; 

Oerodd y wlad ar ddwy lys, 

Heddyw i farw hydd Forys ; 

E fai tres ar^ for trosoch, 

Wers gan gwymp wyr Siancyn Goch : 

Oeriai ^stiF gref Arwystl gron 

O frig Ceri i fro Caron.* 

Gwae ^r Creyddyn ! garw ceryddwyd ! 

Gwae drasau llin gwaed Rhys Llwyd ! 

Pan edrychwyd paun drechach ? 

Pa un oedd well pan yn iach ? 

Mentrai wyneb y trinoedd, 

Mwy na deg mewn adwy oedd. 

Ni ddoe Arthur oddiwrthaw. 

Ban fai drin heb anaf draw, 

Nid ae gawr ond a gurwyd, 

Dan hawl law edn Howel Llwyd. 

Cyn o' i farw cae neu fur oedd, 

Adwy fry wedi ei farw ydoedd. 

chladdiad wych luddwr 
well ag arf yn lie gwr. 

^ The bracketed words are omitted in L. C. 
2 Tressai, L. C. ^ Anglice, " steel." 

* ^. c, from Kerry in Montgomeryshire to Tregaron in Cardigan- 
shire. 



230 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTRATIVE OF 

Bydd waeth-waety oes byth weithian, 
Gladdu glaiP neu gleddau glan, 

Iwyddiant y flwyddyn, 

leinw hap ymlaen hyn. 
fod gwlaw E brill tawel, 
aid a' i fFrwd cyd y ddel 
E ddaw rad oedd sor hoywdeg, 
O flaen twrf oleuni teg ; 
Anian 'r heulwen, yn rhylew, 
Aiaf garw hwnt a fag rew ; 
Cynnydd ai, cyn ei ddiwedd, 
Ar Owain wyrch yr un wedd : 
Y dyn oedd a dawn iddaw, 
A^ i olud tros y wlad draw, 
Ar hoel ddoe ^r haul oedd wen, 
A niwl yno^ 'n ol Owen. 
Galw ar ei fedd gwelir fi, 
Ynte Owen yn tewi. 
Gwae ^r tir isod, gwae ^r trasoedd, 
Gwae wlad gwalch goludog oedd, 
Gwae dri brawd a geidw ^r brodir, 
Gwae 'r tir o hyd agor tir ; 
Gwae ninnau ^n llwyr gynne ^n lias 
Gwae erioed gweled gwr dulas ; 
Mawr weled [y] mor-filwr 
Mwy bo ■'n gael meibion y gwr, 

Mor oer [i ^n] ucho, Mair wen ! 

Here a leaf is torn out of the MS, 
Oer oedd unllef roe ddoe [wan] 
Yn ei llewig Wenllian. 
Car gwiw hael, carw Gwehelyth, 
Tra* chwaer oedd fyw, ni chwardd fyth. 
Merched hyd nef yn llefain : 
Mae ^r ia neu^ rew ymronnau rhain. 
Och ! heb wleddoedd chweblwydd[yn] 
Och ! brydded, och ! briddo dyn ; 
Och ! oferedd, och ! farwn ; 
Roi ar Dduw^ Saint air dros hwn ; 
Och ! dryined ucho dramwy; 
Och ! mwy nag ym min'^ Gwy. 

^ Wyth, L. C. 2 'r glais, L. C. ^ Yw 'n ol, L. C. 

* Na, L. C- 5 jsTe, L. C. ^ Deany, L. C. 

7 Ymin, L. C. 



THE HISTORY OF LLANGURIG. 231 

Och ! yngan ; och ! a gwynwn, 

A mwy fyth am y fath. hwn ! 

Och Dduw 'n glain wych dual glew nertli ! 

Och, drom am na chaid ei werth ! 

O 'r llif pa well, er lies pen, 

Na chrio oni cheir Owen ? 

Aed — bu ewyllys Duw bellach — 

Owen i nef wen yn iach. 

Suw Arwystli a' i cautj Tonawr 8ed.j 1500. 

The following is an attempt at a metrical paraphrase, 
rather than a translation of the foregoing poem. Care, 
however, has been taken to adhere to the substance of 
the original by avoiding, as far as possible, the intro- 
duction of new ideas. It may serve, by comparison with 
the prose translations, to convey a notion to the English 
re^ader of the extent to which the genius of our bards 
has been cramped by the strictness of their metrical 
rules. 

Elegy on Owain ab Morys ab Jenkyn Goch op Llangueig. 

Woe to us, blessed Grod ! because of thine anger towards us. 
Bearing is all the hill-side sad tapers of wax before Curig. 
Lo ! the January day hath dight its visage in blackness — 
Mourns the day itself for the son of Gwinai the mighty ! ^ 
Yesterday hath there been cutting of earth and of wood for 

the laying 
Over the temples of Owen the earth, as he lay in his coffin. 
Full twelve lands made wailing that day, as they followed his 

body. 
In cold sorrow is steeped the country for two of its mansions,^ 
— Sorrow that death hath snatchM the noble scion of Morys. 
Now should the ocean chant a funeral dirge for Owen, 
" Fall'n is the grandson of Jenkyn the Bed" should be its 

burden. 
Cold is the heart of steel that beat high for the round Arwystli, 
From the heights of Ceri as far as the region of Caron.^ 
Woe is Creiddyn now ! chastised hath she been severely ! 

^ This may be the name of an ancestor ; or it may mean " the 
excellent auburn-haired youth," if the word be read as " gwinau." 

2 C'ochfaen, namely, and possibly, Llys Gelyddon. 

3 Literally, "hart." 



232 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTRATIVE OF 

Woe is the line of Rhys Lloyd's blood, and all of his kindred ! 
When hath there ever been seen upon earth a more powerful 

gallant ? 
What man better than he, when whilom in health and in 

vigour. 
Boldly the hero would face the foe when arrayed for battle ? 
Not ten men in a pass, if they met, could overmatch him ; 
If King Arthur himself had fought him in single combat. 
Not King Arthur himself had ridden scatheless after. 
Surely a giant were worsted, if giant had dared to attack him_, 
Under the process^ made by the hand of Howel Lloyd's pullet. 
Like to a fortress or rampart was Owen before his departure ; 
Now is the rampart a breach, for Owen lives no longer ! 

Two imperfect lines. 
Worse shall the world wax now, for the bright blade of Owen 

is buried ! 

Four imjperfect lines. 
Then shall that which was gloom be changed into lively en- 
joyment, 
Just as the light serene oft-times is foreshadowed by tempest ; 
^Tis the bright sun^s nature, by anticipation, to nurture 
With its pervading force, the frost of the rugged winter ; 
So, overcasting the time, in similar manner, hath increase 
Haply befallen Owen for a season before his departure, 
Owen gifted with talents, of wealth far and wide the possessor. 
Yesternoon on the street the sun with its rays fell brightly ; 
Owen is gone, and to-day it is buried in gloom for Owen ! 
Lo, I am here, on his grave, and calling — but Owen is silent. 
Woe to the earth beneath, woe, woe to his kindred above it ! 
Woe to the country around, that rejoiced in the wealth of the 

rich man ! 
Woe to the Brothers Three, the defenders now of the district ! 
Woe to the earth itself, for the earth it is constantly opened ! 
Woe to us all beside, for we all have been slain with sorrow ! 
Woe that we e^er should have gazed on the livid corpse of the 

hero ! 
Grreat have we seen the soldier by sea, may his sons be yet 

greater ! 

Hiatus of one, or three lines. 
Mary, blest Virgin Mother ! how grievous it is to bewail him ! 

Here follows an hiatus of several lines, and a leaf 

^ The word " hawl" seems to be here a figurative expression de- 
rived from a process of law. 



I 



THE HISTORY OF LLANGURIG. 233 

las been torn from the MS. The last line has cer- 
binly the appearance of being a closing one, and if so, 

bhe above lines must have formed a separate elegy, and 
ve following fragment have been part of another. In 

^hat case, probably, each was' composed by a different 

luthor. 

Faintly Gwenllian hath uttered a cry, ere she swooned in her 
sorrow, 

Cold on our hearts hath it struck, — that cry of sorrow for Owen ! 

Owen, the pride of his race, her noble and generous brother ; 

Ne^er will his sister smile^ while she bides in the land of the 
living. 

Up to the Heaven above hath ascended the wailing of 
maidens, — 

Frozen with grief are^ their bosoms ! six years are we left 
without banquets. 

Woe for the burial ! Woe the world's vanity ! Woe is the 
Baron ! 

May the Saints offer their prayers for the peace and repose of 
his spirit ! 

Woe for the greatest on Wye that we heavily make lamenta- 
tion ! 

Woe for the tidings abroad ! and the grief that it daily grows 
greater ! 

Woe to us, God ! that the lustre which shone in our jewel is 
darkened. 

Woe to us ! heavy the grief that its worth is departed for 
ever. 

What, for the loss of our Owen, save rivers of tears can con- 
sole us ? 

And — to the Will divine sith nought now is left save submis- 
sion, 

Speed him to Heaven with prayers that God may receive him 
to glory. 

The statement appended to this poem that it was 
composed by Huw Arwyslli on the 8th January, a.d. 
1500, would seem to be possibly entitled to greater 
respect than others of a similar character. It is scarcely 
conceivable that so circumstantial a date should have 

^ This, perhaps, may refer to the eldest of Owen's sons, who 
may at this time have wanted six years of his majority, and not 
have lived to attain it. 



234 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTRATIVE OF 

been the deliberate invention of the transcriber : hence 
it is reasonable to infer that he found it in the original 
manuscript from which he copied. But it is by no 
means equally probable that the author's name likewise 
was subscribed there ; it does not therefore follow that 
Huw Arwystli wrote it, and it is almost inconceivable 
that he should have done so at a date so exceedingly 
early. It is reasonable, then, to conclude from this 
date that Owen died at an early age ; a fact which is 
supported by the internal evidence of the poem, since 
it is stated broadly that his three brothers survived 
him. It is clear, however, from the context that he 
had attained to the vigour of manhood, and had even 
achieved some exploits by land, and also by sea, if as 
much may be inferred from the strange epithet " sea- 
soldier" (mor-filwr) which is applied to him. This he 
would probably have done in the service of Henry YII, 
before and during the expedition which led to the vic- 
tory on Bos worth Field, and the expression would 
seem to point to his having been engaged confidentially 
in the service of that monarch when an exile on the 
Continent, and aided him perhaps secretly to visit from 
time to time, as he is known to have done, his adhe- 
rents in the Principality. The wish expressed with 
regard to Owen's sons seems at variance with the gene- 
alogies, which represent him as dying without issue. 
They may, however, have lived for some years, yet 
have failed to attain their majority, as seems to be im- 
phed in the words : " Six years are we left without 
banquets !" Again, Owen must have survived his wife, 
of whose name all mention is omitted, while that of his 
sister-in-law Gwenllian is introduced. The vast wealth 
of Owen and his brothers, so frequently referred to in 
the poems, may be partly accounted for by the fact t,hat 
they all held the Clochfaen property in common, instead 
of sharing it between them agreeably to the old Welsh 
cus'tom of gavelkind. It would be interesting to know 
whether this arrangement was the effect of their father's 
will, or of the spontaneous abandonment by each of 
their distinctive rights. 



THE HISTORY OF LLANGURIG. 235 

Of the remaining poems in the Ceniarth manuscript 
relating to Llangurig, three only, two of which are 
mere fragments, contain any direct reference to the 
families of the resident gentry. The others were written 
in honour of Saint Cyricus, its patron saint, and, con- 
taining as they do some curious information calculated 
to throw considerable light on the vexed question of the 
origin of the ancient devotion to that martyr and his 
mother Julitta in the principality, which extended to 
a far greater portion of it than the mere confines of 
Plinlimmon, they may appropriately form the subject 
of a separate article. Of the three former poems, the 
only complete one, subscribed by Huw Arwystli, con- 
tains eighty-six lines, and bears the title of " A poem 
{Cywydd) addressed to the families... in Curig's Parish." 
But, as in the midst of these occur more than one 
hiatus, and the latter part, commencing from the forty- 
first line, is encomiastic of a parson of Darowen, Sir 
Lewis by name, with the view to obtain of him the 
gift of a horse, it is probable that they are no more 
than the " disjecta membra' of two separate composi- 
tions. The poem commences thus : — 

" A-pW y w lie cerdd plwy' [Curig.] '' 
" The parish of Curig is the seat of most skilful song.^^ 

The only important lines which it contains germane 
to our subject are the following : — 

" Ni adawodd Duw un dydd dig 

Wahanu 'r ceirw yn nhir Curig. 

Glana' gwaed lie 'r glan gwawdyr, 

Ceirw ^n gad yn crynhoi gwyr. 

Liu 'n glwyd gref yn llanw gwlad gron, 

Llewod unoed Llwyd^ union ; 

Gwyr oil yn bwrw gair well-well, 

Gwyr, mi wn, da, ni goreuwell.^^ 
" God hath not suffered a single day of wrangling 
To disunite the stags of Curig's land. 
Purest is the blood where the panegyrists are pure ; 

1 Or " grisly lions." 



236 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTATIVE OF 

Stags [are they] who array their men in battle. 
A host like a strong round shield, filling the land, 
Lions in even line are the Lloyds, equal in age. 
Men all growing ever in public esteem. 
Men so good, that none I know are better." 

Of the two more fragmentary poems one breaks off 
in the middle, consequently the author s name is mis- 
sing. It bears the title of "An Ode to the Families 
of Clochfaen." As much of its contents differ little in 
substance from those already given, an extract or two 
from it will suffice. In the first will be found an allu- 
sion, which it could be wished were less obscure as to 
its time and object, to an aid in men given to " the 
Saxon" by the family of Morys, ^. e. probably the Four 
Brothers. It begins, in its present shape, thus : — 

" Un agwedd, wrth fynegi, 

k. Mursen feinwen wyf fi ; 

Chwer[th]in, a throp] mtn i 'r medd 

Wylo blin y 'r ail blynedd. 

E wyr Duw y roed leuan 

Ymwrw ^n oed dydd ym mron tan ; 

lawer swydd hen ffordd yw lys, 

Gair mawr a gai dir Morys, 

Am ei roi i Sais mawr les wyr 
leuan werth tri o wyr." 
" I bear a likeness, if the truth be told. 
To a fair coquettish dame. 
Who laughs, and puts her lips to the mead. 
Yet weeps wearily in the second year.^ 
leuan, God knows, was given 

To place himself, as the day waned, before the fire ; 
To many an office^ is his mansion the ancient road. 
The land of Morys hath gained a high repute 
For its gift to the Saxon of a large aid in men. 
leuan the worth of three men." 

The next extract appears to relate to the choir of 
the Church of Llangurig, for which it was perhaps in- 

^ As this seems to have reference to a preceding passage, these 
lines can scarcely be the true commencement of the poem. 
^ Or, " from many a shire." 



THE HISTORY OF LLANGURIG. 237 



L„.,...,...„........ 

^^K vicarage. From the allusion to its wealth and libe- 

'^^lity it may be inferred that the date of the poem is 

prior to the commencement of the Reformation troubles : 

*' Cor gloew Nef cwrr glan afon, 
Gardd i holl gerddwyr yw ton. 
Ami yw ^n gwin am Ian ganiad. 
Ami un gael aur ymlaen gwlad. 
le trym i dylawd dramwy, 
teg yw i mi deutu Gwy/^ 
'^ A resplendent choir of Heaven is in a nook of the river's 
bankj 
A garden for all minstrels is this. 
Abundant is our wine for the sacred song, 
Many a one obtains gold in sight of all the land, 
a spot delightful for a poor man to traverse, 
fair to me are both sides of the Wye." 

The following extract is from a poem which is inter- 
esting for more reasons than one, It furnishes the 
solitary instance of a poem by Huw Arwystli, addressed 
to a member of the Clochfaen family, which has been 
found elsewhere than in the Ceniarth MS., being taken 
from No. 250 of the Collection of W. W. E. Wynne, 
Esq., of Peniarth, to whom the writer is indebted for 
the kindness of copying it. And it furnishes a con- 
temporaneous proof of the correctness of the pedigree 
(published in the Archceologia Cambrensis, voL for 1867, 
3rd series, p. 27,) of the person to whom it is addressed, 
viz. Ehys ab Morys ab Llywelyn of Llangurig, who was 
the younger brother of Jenkyn Goch of Clochfaen, and 
therefore great uncle of the Four Brothers " of that 
ilk." Morys, the son of Llywelyn, and father of Khys, 
seems to have been the first of the family to settle in 
Mowddwy, having married Mahallt, daughter and 
possibly heiress of Howel Mowddwy, Esq. The object 
of the poem is to solicit the gift of a horse, which it 
would seem, though the passage is somewhat obscure, 
was to be ridden by the poet to Arwystli, where he 
proposed to apply it in some way, which is not made 
apparent, to the payment of his debts. Of the animal 



238 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTRATIVE OF 

no more need be said than that, to judge from the 
qualities of shape, speed, mettle, and trotting and leap- 
ing powers ascribed to him by the bard, he might have 
shamed all competitors in the hunting-field, if he could 
now be brought out for a day with the Cheshire, or 
with Sir Watkin. Surely the bards must have deemed 
themselves seised of some poetical copyhold, entitling 
them to claim as a heriot for their verse the very pride 
of the stable. 

Cywydd I Rys ap Morys ap Llewelyn o 'n Clochfaen ym 
Meo Cueig, I ofyn maech. 

Y Hew tr braf oil o 'r brig, 
Brau a gerir bro Girig. 
Braich a chledd, amgeledd gwlad, 
Rhys, aer Forys, ir fyriad. 
Wyr Llywelyn, dir yn rhodd, 
Penaeth gw^r, pwy ni 'th garodd ? 
Gwr yn ara', od aeth grym, ydwyd, 
Glan fettel Hew How el Llwyd. 
'r ach Benwyn wych benaeth, 
Natur ir ynot yr aeth ; 
Llwythau ^r gwydd pob lleithigaur, 
Gwaed Trefawr yn goed ben aur ; 
Gwaed Pbilip iwrsib aeth 
Fychan, tarian anturiaeth. 
O Gydewen gwiw dywys 
Llwyth Blaenau trasau it', Rhys ; 
Tref a gwlad marchnad am Wy, 
Aig meddiant Howel Mawddwy. 
Dy briod eigyr obrwyawl, 
Ammhech/ a gyd ffydd a mawl ; 
Lloer Siancyn, tryff i 'n at ras, 
Nid o wr a hardder ei hurddas ; 
Wyr Rhys Llwyd hardd i fardd fydd, 
0' i law win a Uawenyd. 

Teanslation. 

Thou lion, brave and vigorous, for thy activity 
Art thou beloved by all on the upland. 

1 This word is doubtful. As copied from the original it is 
" awmech." 



THE PARISH OF LLANGURIG. 239 

Thine arm and thy sword are thy country's protection, 

Khys^ heir of Mor^^s, thou hast a powerful arm. 

^ ^ ^ -K- -Sf 

Grandson of Llewelyn, unwearied in bounty, 

Chieftain of men, by whom art thou not beloved ? 

^ -Jf ^ ^ ^ 

A man of deliberation, when force hath assailed thee, 

A lion of Howel Lloyd's pure metal. 

A noble chieftain from the race of Benwyn. 

An energetic nature hath entered into thee ; 

A tribe whose every scion hath a golden seat, 

Of the blood of Trevor, a forest of ancient gold. 

Of the blood of Philip .... 

Fychan, a very shield in daring. 

Thy descent, Rhys, is nobly deduced 

From the tribe of Blaenau of Cydewen, 

From the town and land of merchandise on the Wye, 

Is the fount of the possession of Howel of Mowddwy. 

Thy bride was a maiden who requited thee, 

Faultless in virtue and fidelity. 

As from the moon is her favour turned towards us. 

Her dignity is not enhanced by that of Jenkyn her father.^ 

The grandson of Rhys Lloyd will be liberal to the bard. 

From his hand come wine and gladness. 

The next and last extract is from the last part of 
a long poem, in which is related the Legend of S. 
Curig, to which it does not seem properly to belong. 
The state in fact of the whole of these poems is sug- 
gestive of fire, mice, moth, everything in short that 
could have rendered the work of the copyist one of 
extreme labour and difiiculty. The lines are so genuine 
an outburst of love and affection for the spot that, in- 
dependently of the other evidence already adduced for 
the fact that the birthplace of our bard was in its im- 
mediate neighbourhood, the language is so far removed 
from the dry conventionalism ordinarily characteristic 
of Welsh encomiastic verse, as to have left no room for 
doubt, if any had previously existed : — 

^ " Rhys was married to Margaret, daughter of Jenkyn ap Rhys 
Lloyd of Llangurig," — Arch. Gamh.y 18G7, p. 27. 



240 WELSH POETRY, ILLUSTRATIVE OF 

" P^le well un plwy' ni ellir, 
Plwy' Cirig nid tebyg tir ; 

Hiatus of a line and a half. 
Fj nhir eisoes, fy nhrysor, 
A 'm maes ^d gynt, a^m 'stor, 
Fy lluniaeth, a ^m llawenydd, 
Fy lies erioed, fy llys rydd, 
Fy ami win, fy melyiiaur, 
Fry yn mhwrs fy arian a 'm aur ; 
Fy llun, fy mhob peth, fy lies, 
Fy hoU iechyd, fy Uoclies. 
^ -x- -x- -x- . 

Llaw Dduw, a 'i barch llwyddo y bydd 
Liu ein genedl yn llawn gwinwydd ; 
Ni aned neb ond uuwr 

o waed Himp y Tanwr. 
Canwaith, fel y cae weiniaid, 
Yr aeth fry i belp wrth fy rhaid. 
Fy lielpu ^n rhydd, rhag dydd dig, 

Y ceir carwyr cor Curig : 
Na ddont i lawr, ydynt Ian, 

Y gair da a gai rodd leuan." 

" Nowhere can tliere be a better parish. 
There is no land like the parish of Curig. 
Long since my own land — my treasure. 
My cornfield, and my storehouse in time past. 
My maintenance and my joy. 
My gain since time began, my free mansion, 
My abundance of wine, my yellow gold. 
My silver and gold laid up in my purse. 
My picture, my profit, my all. 
My whole safety, and my retreat. 
•5f -Jf ^ -x- 

The hand of God, because we revere Him, will prosper 
The host of our race, as prolific as the vine ; 
Yet not a man, save one, hath been born 
A true graft on the blood of the Fire-bearer ! 
A hundred times, when he knew us to be poor. 
Has he come to help me in my need. 
My generous helpers, against the day of wrath. 
Are the lovers of the choir of Curig. 
Let them not be brought low, for they are pure, 
'Tis leuan's gifts that bring him good repute.^' 

A few remarks may be added in conclusion on the 



THE HISTORY OF LLANGURIG. 241 

frequent occurrence in these, and most others of the 
Welsh poems of the same period, of the blemish in 
poetical composition known as confusion of metaphor. 
From a comparison of the heroes of the poetry with 
oaks or vines, we are stunned by the suddenness and 
rapidity with which they appear again as stags, falcons, 
eagles, swans, or lions, and this occasionally in the 
midst of actions grotesquely incongruous with the re- 
presentative qualities of the birds, trees, or quadrupeds 
with whose nomenclature they happen to be associated. 
In such cases a covert allusion might be suspected to 
the science of heraldry, and to the armorial bearings of 
the respective families, but this when it happens to 
occur is by way of rare exception rather than the rule. 
Yet from the high repute attained by the authors of 
these apparent monstrosities it would seem that the 
literary palate of the contemporary Welsh " public'' 
was rather tickled than offended by them. The ex- 
planation would seem to He in the fact that the sensi- 
tiveness of both reciter and recipient became deadened 
by constant repetition. The discordant epithets thus 
in process of time came to be regarded as synonyms, a 
certain number of which appeared necessary to the per- 
fection of every panegyric ; and the ideas which would 
be naturally appropriate to each figure of speech, 
though lost in the outward framework of the words, 
were found to be sufficiently suggested to the mind by 
a species of mental reservation. As a necessary but 
lamentable consequence it was forgotten, in process of 
time, that metre and alliteration are but secondary 
adornments of poetry, admissible only in strict subor- 
dination to originality of conception clothed in appro- 
priate imagery. Hence, by a not unnatural transition, 
the former in too many instances have been found 
gradually to usurp the place of the latter, and at length 
to supersede them altogether, while skill in alliterative 
consonancy came to be pursued as the end rather than 
as a means for the conveyance of poetical force and 
beauty. Thus the original play of fancy and imagina- 
VOL. \i, . E 



242 WELSH POETRY, ETC., OF LLANGUKIG. 

tion, for which the Cymric mind had abundantly shown 
its capacity in the works of the earlier hards, became 
cramped and e^^hausted, until the very existence of the 
art became imperilled by its ultimate reduction to the 
mere study of alliterative surprises and a paltry play- 
ing upon words. 



243 



AECHAIC WOEDS, PHEASES, ETC., OF 
MONTGOMERYSHIEE. 

By the Rev. ELIAS OWEIST, B.A. 

No. IV. 



After the appearance of my last instalment of words, 
I received a letter from my friend the Rev. B. Harries 
Jones, M.A., vicar of Llanidloes, calling my attention 
to the fact that the words I had given as provincialisms 
of Montgomeryshire were likewise common in Lanca- 
shire. I have no doubt — though I have not the means 
of verifying what I now advance — that all, or nearly 
all, the words current in Montgomeryshire are likewise 
to be heard, though slightly changed, perhaps, in 
Cheshire, Lancashire, Westmorland, Cumberland, Dum- 
fries, Kirkcudbright, and Wigton, or that they are co- 
extensive with the limits of the ancient kingdom of 
Strathclyde. I am aware that several of the words 
which I have given in my lists are likewise to be found 
in various parts of England, and they may be consi- 
dered as the lingering remains of a language spoken by 
a people having a common origin. I believe it was a 
fancy of lolo Morganwg's that all the words ever spoken 
in England and Wales by the inhabitants thereof might 
still be discovered amongst the people. 

But to return to Mr. Jones's letter. It is certainly 
singular that the dialects of Lancashire and Montgo- 
meryshire should at the present day resemble each 
other so strongly. We have only to take Tim Bobbin, 
and open any page, and we shall find that these dia- 
lects are substantially one. The following sentence 

:r2 



244 ARCHAIC WORDS, PHRASES, ETC., 

will serve as an illustration : " Well, on if I dunnaw 
try thee, titter or latter, ittle be o marvel." Dunnaw, 
in Montgomeryshire becomes dunna ; ittle (it will) is the 
same in both counties. The above quotation will like- 
wise serve to show certain points of dissimilarities be- 
tween the speech of both counties. I may, however, say, 
that a Montgomeryshire man would immediately un- 
derstand the extract just given when spoken by a 
Lancashire man. The points of difference are, that on 
for a7id, and o for a, become respectively in Montgo- 
meryshire an and a; and titter and latter, above used, 
are not to be met with in Montgomeryshire. It seems, 
though, that an for and is not uncommon even in Tim 
Bobbin. I find therein such expressions as the follow- 
ing, '' An I con tell thee." In agreement with the 
contraction ittle we have thattle (that will) in both 
counties. The points of resemblance, though, are really 
so many that a paper might be written thereon, and 
perhaps in some future number of the Montgomeryshire 
Collections such a paper from the pen of one who has 
resided in both counties, and who is highly qualified for 
such an undertaking, will appear. 

Affront, to offend. " I affronted him unknowns" (I 
offended him unwittingly). 

^' Good my liege, 
Your preparation can affront no less 
Than what you hear oV 

Cymhelinej act iv, scene 3. 

Commonly, affront signified confront, face. In this 
latter sense it is used in Hamlet. 

" That he, as ^twere by accident, may here affront Ophelia.-*^ 

Hamlet, act iii, scene 1. 

And in the same sense it is used by Milton. 

'' And with their darkness durst affront his light. ^^ 

Faradise Lost, book i, 391. 

It appears, from Shakspere's unsteady use of the 



OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 245 

word, that it was in his time employed in the double 
sense of to offend and to confront. Piers Plowman 
uses the word in the sense of to offend. In Montgo- 
meryshire it always carries the meaning which I have 
given above. 

Aukurt, awkward. " He has an uncommon auhurt 
gait." Perhaps oc-kerd represents the sound of this 
word better than aukurt. 

Affeerd, afraid. 

Afore, before. Occasionally this word is shortened 
into Tore. *' I can do it 'fore thee." 

Bytak, a small farm, generally held with a larger 
one by the same tenant. The bytak usually consists of 
a few acres of ground with a hovel thereon. The word is 
common in Welsh-speaking counties, as well as in the 
English-speaking parts of Montgomeryshire. 

Backstone, an iron pan upon which oatmeal and 
other cakes are baked. A backstone cake is one which 
has been baked upon this kind of pan. 

Blovjs, blossoms. The flowers of all plants are called 
blows. "The wind has blown the apple blows all about." 

Cruds, curds. The transposition of letters is not 
uncommon. 

Cheer, chair. The long sound of e is often used in- 
stead of the long sound of a ; as breek for brake. 
" Take care that yo dunna breek it." Great, becomes 
greet ; and there, theer, etc. 

Chop, to remove a thing from one place to another 
quickly. " Chop the beesom by the pump and drive 
the pig out of the garden in a minute." " Chop yo r 
top coat on and run after him." 

Crack, a bad tempered person. " He's a reg'lar 
crack, hee'd jest as lief strike yo as no." 

Childern, children. Another instance of transposi- 
tion of letters ; or, perhaps, the word should be childer, 
the plural of Anglo-Saxon cild. 

Clicket, the latch of a door. The word clicket 
seems to be derived from the Welsh word elided, a 
door-latch. Clicket is common in Shropshire. 



246 ARCHAIC WORDS, PHRASES, ETC., 

Canna and conna are both to be met with as con- 
tractions of can not. Canna is current in those parts 
of the county where Welsh is not extinct ; and conna 
in Enghsh-speaking parishes, particularly along the 
borders of Shropshire and Montgomeryshire. 

Chohed, to be excessively thirsty. " Tm jest choked, 
do give me a drop of water to drink.'' 

Camp, a trial of strength, a feat. When a person 
does an act which he supposes another cannot do, he 
challenges him to attempt the same in the following 
words : " There's a camp for you." The word camp is 
Welsh, in which language it means a contest, a game, 
a trick, a feat, a qualification. The twenty-four games 
of the Welsh were called campau ; as, gwrawl gampau 
(manly feats or qualifications), mabawl gampau (boyish 
feats), gogampau (inferior feats). Camp, in the sense 
of a friendly contest of rivalry, is still used by the 
English speaking people of Montgomeryshire. Even 
when no trial of strength takes place, it is employed as 
a term of admiration of a person's achievements. It 
appears from several writers in Notes and Queries, 
that campe, kempe, or hemp is common in the county 
of Londonderry, Norfolk, Northumberland, etc. I can- 
not say whether any of these writers are aware of the 
existence of the word in Welsh. The derivation of 
hemp has been discussed in Notes and Queries (4th 
series, viii, 264, 357, 444, and in ix, 119). The Eev. 
W. W. Skeat, M.A., Cambridge, traces the word 
through several European languages, and suggests that 
it is of Scandanavian origin. The following is Mr. 
Skeat's note : — '' Kemp. This word presents no diffi- 
culty, being simply the A. S. camp, Du. hamp, Ger. 
hampf, a fight, a contest. The spelling (with an e) sug- 
gests that it is, however, of Scandinavian origin ; cf 
Sw. hampe, Dan. hcempe, A. S. cempa, a fighter; 
whence, through the French, the English word, cham- 
pion. The Icelandic has happ, strife ; happi, a cham- 
pion. The Cleveland word hemp, to contend, is duly 
entered in Atkinson's Glossary of the Cleveland Dialect, 



OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 247 

One writer in Notes and Queries says that hemp is a 
common Scotch word. It has a singularly extensive 
currency, being found in England, Wales, Scotland, 
Ireland, and the northern parts of Eiu-ope. 

Chuck, to throw. 

Dither, to shake. Applied to the chattering of the 
teeth, or shaking of the body from excessive cold. 

Daunt, to dishearten. 

Duff, dough. The word dough is pronounced so as 
to rhyme with gruff, and not as if it rhymed with glow. 

Del, deal. " A greet del more nor that." 

Enow, enough. 

Ess, coal, peat, or wood ashes. 

Fiss, ipLJisses, fist, fists. 

Gylan, cylan, the bank of a river. ^ He fell over the 
gylan into the river." 

Hadlan, headland, that part of ploughed fields 
nearest the hedges. The breadth of the hadlan is a little 
greater than the length of a horse, measuring from the 
hedge. It is the space required for the turning of the 
horses at the end of the furrows. 

Hush, pronounced hoosh, to push. 

Hafe, half 

Hod, hog, a hole in the gi'ound into which potatoes 
are stowed during the winter. Hodding potatoes is 
covering them over with earth for winter keep. 

Mace, acorn. 

Mase, p. tense of the verb to make. " It mase no 
matter" (it makes no difference). 

Pihgrate, the grate on the top of the ash-hole of a 
kitchen fireplace. 

Piclates, pikelets, a kind of tea-cake, baked on a pan 
and considered as a dainty. 

Proffer, to offer. 

Pluckin, a twitching ; as in St. Vitus's dance. 

Prodigal, proud. 

Ratlin, the smallest or last pig in a litter. 

Souse, to wet, to dip often in the water. 

" Oft soust in swelling Tetley^s saltish teare.^^ 

Faerie Queene, canto iii, 31. 



248 ARCHAIC WORDS, ETC. 

Souse, to strike. In the Lincoln Rebellion (1536), to 
prevent the suppression of monasteries, a Welsh monk 
"' wished he had the king (Henry VIII) on Snowdon, 
that he might souse his head against the stones.'* 
This word, in the sense of a smart blow, is current in 
Shropshire. 

. Solar, an upstairs room, the room in a house above 
the first floor. 

Stall, to be exhausted, to come to a stand from over 
exertion. " That horse is stalled on the steep." 

Steep, a rising piece of ground, an incline. 

Skip, a glance. " I saw it all at a ship." 

Steel, stall, the haft of a knife, the handle of a whip. 

Trouse. The stems of the potato plant are so called 
in the neighbourhood of Llanidloes ; but about Caersws, 
eight miles from Llanidloes, potato stems are called 
rice, whilst the brushings cut off hedges are called in 
and about Caersws, trouse. 

Tot, a very small lug. " Mother sent me for a totful 
of milk." 

Willow, to search carefully. I willoived everywhere 
for it, but cudna fine it." Perhaps this word is a cor- 
ruption of the Welsh word chwilio, to search. I have 
noticed that the Welsh-speaking inhabitants of the 
southern parts of the county omit the letter ch when 
an initial ; thus, chivech (six) becomes wech, and, in ac- 
cordance with this rule, chwilio would become wilio, 
and the conversion of wilio into willo, willow, would 
thence easily follow. 

Whisket, a basket. A word which is common in 
Lancashire ; as *'He whoast (heaved) his whisket oer't." 
— Tim Bobbin. 

Witherwathering, undecided, changeable ; sometimes 
inclining to one opinion and then recoiling therefrom, 
veering from one extreme to another, in an unsettled 
agitated state of mind. 

(To be continued.) 



249 



MISCELLANEA HISTORIC A ;' 

on 

THE PUBLIC OFFICEKS OF MONTGOMERYSHIEE, 

WITH BRIEF GENEALOGICAL NOTES. 

By Rev. W. V. LLOYD, M.A., F.R.G.S. 



Miscellanea Historica, 4 James I, l^^^ {continued). 

8'cde Jut. 

Lodowicus Gwynne de Llanidloes^^ gen. 
M^edd ap Owen de Myvod/ gen. 
Jenkinus Williams de Llanidloes/ gen. 
Joh^es Blayney de Tregynan/ gen. 
Thomas Lloyd de Sylvaen, gen. 
Evanus David de Clochvaen,^ gen. 

^ Continued from vol. iv, p. 292. 

2 Lewis Gwynn of Llanidloes was the son of Morgan Gwynn, 
sheriff in 1582. He married Mallt, daughter of Lewis ap Howell 
ap Evan Goch, and heiress to her brother John, by whom he had 
daughters, co-heiresses, viz., Catherine, married to Matthew Price 
of Park, aud Lowry, married to David Blayney of Maesmawr, in 
Llandinam, one of the coroners for the county. Lowry subsequently 
married Lloyd Piers of Maesmawr, in the parish of Guilsfield 
(Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 311). Lewis Gwynn was sheriff in 1610, 
and a magistrate for the county. 

^ Meredith ap Owen married Ales, daughter of Robert Tanat ap 
John Tanat ap Evan Lloyd of Abertanat (Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 
277-8). 

* See Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 243. 

^ John Blayney of Gregynog, in the parish of Tregynon, was the 
son and heir of Lewis Blayney, son of David Lloyd Blayney, sheriff 
in 1577. He married Elizabeth, daughter of tfenkin Lloyd of Berth- 
llwyd. He was sheriff in 1630 and 1643. 

^ Evan ap David of Clochfaen was tenth in descent from Madog 



250 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Kic^us Evans de Llandynanij gen. 

Rictus Slieynfcon de Llanwonog, gen. 

Evanus David de Tregastell^ gen. 

Jenkinus Mores de Maesmawr, gen. 

Owinus David ap Thomas de Keveny Kroesluber^ gen. 

Maurice Matthew de Oarneth, gen. 

Gruffinus ap Jenkin de Stradyrod (?) gen. 

Joh'es ap Edward ap Rees Lloyd de Llanvayre, gen. 

Rob^tus David de Hope/ gen. 

Names on Grand and other Jury Lists. 

Matheus Morris de Kerry, gen. 

Jenkinus Mores ap R's de Llanywored/ gen. 

Moriceus ap M'edd ap Lewis de Penygelly, gen. 

Joh^es Roberts de KyflPronydd, gen. 

Riceus ap leun de Gwenawge, gen. 

Hoellus ap Stephen de Llangerick, gen. 

M^edd ap Howell ap Rees de Manleth, gen. 

M^edd Evan de eadem, yom. 

Joh'es Powell de Churchstocke, gen. 

Jenkinus Mores ap leun Lloid de Glynhaveren, gen. 

David ap Rees ap Jenkyn de GlynbrochaUj gen. 

Edmundus Lloyd de Mountgom^, gen. 

EdVus Tannat de Trewillern/ gen. 
Joh^es Wynne de Dolarthyn,* gen. 



Danwr, a chieftain of the tribe of Tudor Trevor, who is said to have 
obtained a grant of the parish of Llangurig from Gwynwynwyn, 
Prince of Powys (HarL MS., 1977, p. 64). Evan ap David mar- 
ried a daughter of David Lloyd Blayney of Gregynog, and a sister 
of Edward, first Baron Blayney of Castle Blayney, in the county of 
Monaghan, by whom he had Rhys Lloyd, the great grandfather of 
Jenkin Lloyd of Clochfaen, sheriff in 1713 (See Mont. Coll., vol. ii, 
" Parochial Account of Llangurig," and the Golden Grove MSS. in 
the Record Office, London, " Clochfaen Pedigree"). 

1 Robert ap David of Hope, near Worthen, married Catherine, 
daughter of David Lloyd ap John Wynne of Garth, ap Griffith ap 
Reginald ap Sir Griffith Vaughan, knight banneret (see Cedwyn 
MS. under "Yr Hob"). 

2 See Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 242. He married Elen, daughter of 
David Lloyd Jenkin of Clochfaen. 

^ Edward Tanat of Trewylan was the eldest son of Geoffirey 
Tanat ap leuan Lloy a Vaughan of Abertanat (see Mont. Coll., vol. 
iv, p. 151). 

^ See " Miscellanea Historica," Moiit. Coll., vol. iv, p. 274, n. 8. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 251 

Ed'rus ap David de Trewerne, gen. 
Owinus Purcell de FForden^ gen. (Munlin). 
Lodovicus ap Cadd'r de Penyarth, gen. 
Gruffinus ap leun Goz de Darrowen, gen. 
Bic'us Lloyd de Gylflfyld, gen. 
Moriceus dd ap leun de Bulcharthyn/ gen. 

William Lloyd ap John ap leun de Penyarth^ gen. 
Carolus Mores de Llandyssel, gen. 
Jollies Lloyd de Mydletowne, gen. 

The following^, '' Marian, uxor Arthuri Crowther, geii'os,'^ 
occurs in Eoll 861, Ministers' Accounts, 43-4 Eliz. 

Miscellanea Historica, 7 James I. 

Magna Sessio, tent apud Novam Villamy 9 Oct,, 7 James I, 
" Rowland FugJie, Ar., Vic.'' 

Nomina Officiorum et Justic Facisj D'ni Regis Com, p^d. 

Thomas Dom's Elsmere, Cancellar Anglie. 

Eobertus Comes Salisbury, Thesaurarius Anglie. 

Henricus Northampton, Dom^s privat. Sigilli Anglie. 

Rad'us Dom's Euro, D'ns Presidens consilii sui Principal, et 

Marchie Wallie. 
Richardus (Parry), Ep^us Assaphen. 
Richardus Lewkenor, miles, Justic Cestr. etc. 
Henricus Towneshend, miles, alter Justic Cestr. etc. 
Willi'mus Herbert, miles (Powys Castle). 
Edwardus Herbert, miles (Montgomery Castle). 
Richardus Price, miles (Aberbechan). 
Thomas Hanmer, miles. 
Richardus Hussey,^ miles (Crigion). 



^ Maurice ap David ap leuan ap David ap Howell of Bwlch Aed- 
dan, ap Meredith ap David ap Llewellyn ap Trahairn ap Pas^en ap 
Gwyn ap GriflB.th ap Beli, Lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and Deud- 
dwr, to Brochwel ap Aeddan. Bwlch Aeddan, or the pass of Aed- 
dan, in the township of Llanerch Brochwel and parish of Guilsfield, 
was doubtless a freehold held by the family of Maurice ap David in 
direct descent from the chieftains who gave their names to the pass 
and township {Add. MS., 9864, British Museum). 

2 See " Miscellanea Historica," Mo7it. Coll., vol. iv, p. 265, n. 4. 
*' Maria, relicta Arthuri Crowther, sepult. 19 March, 1622 (Guils- 
field Register). 

^ The first appearance of Sir Richard Hussey, knight, of Crigion, 



252 MISCELLANEA HTSTORICA. 

Johannes Herbert/ ar. (Steward of Powys). 

Owinus Vaughan, ar. (Llwydiarth) . 

Edwardus Price de Newtowne^ ar. 

Edwardus Price de Yaynor, ar. 

Richardus Leighton, ar. (Gwernygo). 

Eowlandus Puglie, ar. (Mathavarn). 

Matheus Herbert, ar. (Dolguog). 

Mauricius Owen, ar. (Ehiwsaeson). 

Jenkinus Lloyd, ar. (Bertbllwyd) . 

Thomas Juckes, ar. (Buttington). 

WilH'mus Penrhyn, ar. (Rhysnant). 

Caddwallader Owen,^ sacra Theologie baccular, ar. (Llan- 

vechain). 
Carolus Herbert, ar. (Aston). 
Lodowicus Gwyn,^ ar. (Llanidloes). 
Gilbertus Jones, ar. (Pool). 
Rowland Owen, ar. (Machynlleth). 
Morganus Glynne, ar. (Glynn e). 
Edwardus Price de Kerry,* ar. (Glanmeheli). 



on the roll of magistrates. He was the son of Edward Hussey, son 
of Richard Hussey of Albright Hussey, in the county of Salop, by 
his first wife, Frances, daughter of Edward Chamberlaine of Astley. 
He was lord of the manor of Nethergorther, and sherifi" in 1607 
(Earl. MS8., Visitation of Salop, No. 1241). 

1 The first appearance of John Herbert on the roll of magistrates. 
He was probably the third son of Sir Edward Herbert, knight, of 
Powys Castle, and brother of Sir William Herbert, knight, created 
Baron Powys in 1629 ; to whom he was chief steward for the 
barony of Powys (see " Miscellanea Historica," 36 Eliz.) 

^ Lewys Dwnn accurately describes him as the fifth son of Owen 
ap Evan Vaughan ap Meredith * * to Gollwyn, and as " Kadwala- 
der Owen M'r of Arts and Parson of Llan Vechan and Llanbryn- 
mair, Justus o Corwm, and Batchelour of Divinity." He was of 
Oriel College, and was collated to the rectory of Llanvechan by 
Lord Keeper Egerton in the 43 Eliz., 1601 (Mont. Coll., vol. v, p. 
240) to the vicarage of Llanbrynmair in 1608. He died in 1617. 
He married Blanche, daughter and co-heir of John Roberts, second 
son of Robert ap John ap Morris ap Meredith of Y Park in Llan- 
frothen. Lewys Dwnn, Visitations, vol. i, p. 279, gives their issue. 

^ The first appearance of Lewis Gwynne on the roll of magis- 
trates. See " Miscellanea Historica," 4 James I, and note. 

* The first appearance of Edward Price of Glanmeheli, in the 
parish of Kerry, on the roll of magistrates. He was the son of 
Richard ap John ap Meredith ap Rhys ap David Lloyd of Newtown 
(see " Elystan Glodrudd Key Chart," Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 398). 
He was sheriff" in 1614. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 253 

Deposition taken ^^ Apud Churclistocke in com p'd 2 7 die 
FFeb. anno Regni D'ni nri Jacobi Dei gra. Anglie, etc., sep- 
timo, coram Richardo Leighton et Rico Lloyd, armigeris, 
duobus Justic dicti D'ni Regis ad pacem. Signed, '^ Richard 
Leighton, ar./^ '^ Richard Lloyd, ar/^^ 

Deposition taken before '^ffran. Newton, ar/^^ 7 James I. 

Chief Stewards of Lordships. 

Herbertus Crofte, miles, Capital. Senescall. D'ni Regis d^nii 

sui de Kery, Kedewen, Mountgom'y, et Halcetor. 
Reginaldus Williams, ar.. Sen. ; Richardo Hussey, Milit., d'nii 

sui de Nethergorther. 
Joh'es Herbert, ar., Senescall. ; Willi^mo Comit Pembroke, et 

Willi^mo Herbert, Milit., d^mii sui de Powys. 
Edwardus Lloyd, gen., Senescall. ; Rogero Owen, militi, d'nii 

sui de Arustlie. 
Edwardus Price, gen., Senescall. ; Rogero Owen, militi, d'nii 

sui de Keveliog. 
Gilbertus Jones, ar. Senescall. ; Thome Purcell, ar., d'nii sui 

de Overgorther. 
Willi'mus Penrhyn, ar., Senescall. ; Edwardo Kynaston, gen., 

d'nii sui de Dynas. 
Edwardus Watyes,^ ar., Senescall. ; ffrancisco Newport, militi, 

d'nii sui de Deythur. 
Joh'es Regnold, gen., Senescall. ; Roberti Leighton, ar., d'ni 

sui de Balseley. 
Edwardus Powell,* gen.. Sen. ; Edwardi Price, ar., d'nii sui 

de Tiertreff. 
Matheus Price, gen., Maior de Llanydloes. 
David Vaughan, art'm magister, Maior de Caersous. 
Rowlandus Owen, armiger, Maior de Machynlleth. 
Thomas Aldwell et Johannes James, gen'osi, Balli de Mount- 

gom'y. 
Hugo Price (?) et Rogerus Estop, gen'osi, balli de Pola. 
Johannes ap Owen et Robertus Brown, gen'osi, Balli de New- 

towne. 
David Lloyd et Robertus Meredith, gen'osi, balli de Llanvillinge. 

1 Of Harrington, in the parish of Chirbury. He was sheriff in 
-1616 (Mont. Coll, voLvi, p. 51). 

2 Of Heightley, in the parish of Chirbury, and sheriff in 1595. 
^ Of Burway ; afterwards of Leighton, which he purchased. 

* He was probably a son of John Powell of Ednop and Vaynor, 
by Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of Richard ap Edward of Yay- 
nor of the tribe of Brochwel (Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, pp. 285-315). 



254 



MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 



Noi'a Inquisidonis Magnce ad Inquirend. pro D'lio Rege pro 
corpore com. p'd. (Grand Jury.) 
Kowlandus Owen^ ar. ( ? of Willi^mus Herbert, gen. 

Gruffinus Lewis, gen. 
Ed'rus Lloyd, gen. 
Joh'es ap Richard de Wrop- 

ton, gen. 
Mauricius Rowland de Bettus, 

gen. 
Humffridus ap Owen de Mach- 
anlleth, gen. 



ar. 

Llunllo). 
Thomas Piers, gen. 
Thomas ap Humffrey, gen. 
Meredith ap Rees, gen. 
Thomas Jones, gen. 
Ed^rus Wynne, gen. 
Rogerus Lloyd, gen. 
Owinus Purcell, gen. (Munlin, 

Forden.) 



Rowlandus Pughe, ar. vie. 
Noi'a Inquisidonis Secundce. 
David Powell, gen. (Weston.) Ric'us Powell, gen. 



Joh'es Price, gen. 
Ric'us JAojd, gen. 
Thomas ap Mores ap John do, 

gen. 
Gruffinus ap Edneved/ gen. 

(Cemmes.) 
Jenkinus Mores, gen. 
Thomas David, gen. 
Joh'es ap Robert, gen. 
•Riceus ap John David ap 



Thomas Tannatt, gen. (Coed 

Talog.) 
Mauricius David ap leun, gen. 

(Bwlch Aeddan.) 
Evanus David ap Howell ap 

John, gen. 
Lodovicus ap leun David ap 

Owen, gen. 
Jenkinus David, gen. 

Rowlandus Pugh, Ar. Yic. 
Mores, gen. 

^' 7 James I. Apud Leighton, coram Carolo Lloyd de Leigh- 
ton, ar., uno justic ad pacem Com. (Montgomery) pM venit 
Ed'rus Lloyd de fforden, gen.'^ 

'' 7 James I, 28 Oct. Apud Aberbechan in Com. Montgom. 
coram Richardo Pryse, Milit uno Justic, etc.'' A deposition 
taken. 

7-8 James I. Roll, No. 862, Minister's Accounts, the fol- 
lowing occur : — 

Rector, de Llanvair. Compus Edwar. Herbert, Mi'ts ffirmar. 
ibm. 

" Thomas Lloyd ap Edward de Yarchoell^ (Gaervawr), in 
poch de Guilfield, gen'os." 

^ His will dated in 1616. See " Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire," 
Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 374. The Harl. MS., 1936, fo. 17, et seq., 
styles him of " Glyntwywyn in Kemmaes," and marries him to 
" Margt V. Griff Kyffin of Coed Coch ap Rich. Kyffin of Bodfach." 

2 See "Miscellanea Historica," Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 321, n. 4. 
His wife Ann was buried on the 30th of May, 1597 (Guilsfield 
Register). 



I PUBLIC OFFICERS. 255 

Eector. Llanloiighayron. Compus Edri Price, gen'os, FFir- 
ar. ibm. 

Eector. Berriew et Bettws. Compus The. Purcellj ar. FFir- 
mar ibm. 

Churchstocke et Hussington. Compus Joh^es MiddletoUj 
•gen^os, FFirmar. 

Miscellanea Historica, 8 James 1. 
Noi'a Jut. Magna, 

Rowland Pugh de Matlia- Joh'es David ap Rees, gen, 

varne, ar. David ap Owen ap Howell Goz/ 

Rowland Pugh de Doleycors- gen. (Llanwyddelan.) 

ley, gen. Joh'es Lloyd, gen. 

Ed'rus ap Thomas, gen. Thomas ap Edmund, gen. 

JoVes Vaughan, gen. GruflBnus DD ap John, gen. 

Ed'rus Wynne, gen. Thomas ap Mores ap John, 

Owinus Purcell, gen. gen. 

Humffrus Lloyd, gen. Rictus David de Machenlleth, 

Morgan ap John ap Ric'dd, gen. 

gen. Rowlandus Owen, Ar. Yic. 

Noi^a Jut, S'cde. 

Ri'cus Lloyde de Marrington,^ WilPms Herbert, gen. 

ar. Joh'es ap RoVt, gen. 

M'edd ap Owen de Mayne,^ Ed'rus Lloyd de Garewaur* 

gen. gen. 

^ See Lewys Dwnn's Visitation of Wales, under " Llanwyddlan," 
vol. i, p. 308, for his ancestry. He was on the grand jury 41 Eliz., 
and as " David ap Owen ap Hoell Goz de Llanwithelan, gen." 36 
Eliz. 

2 Richard Lloyd, of Harrington, in the parish of Chirbury, was 
sheriff in 1616. Allport (see below), is that part of the Harrington 
estate which extends over the border line into Hontgomeryshire. 

^ Heredith ap Owen ap Meredith ap Llewelyn ap Tudor ap 
Meredith ap Griffith Lloyd ap Llewelyn Voelgrwn, descended 
from Bleddyn ap Cynvyn, Prince of Powys. Llewelyn Yoelgrwn, 
like his descendant Heredith, was seated at Hain, in the parish of 
Meivod, and his arms were argent, a lion passant sahle, within a 
bordure indented, gules. Heredith ap Owen married Ales, daughter 
of Robert Tanat of Blodwel, ap John Tanat ap Evan Lloyd of 
.Abertanat (Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, pp. 277-8, and note.) 

* Edward Lloyd was the eldest son of Thomas Lloyd ap Edward, 
of Gaervawr, in the parish of Guilsfield. The Guilsfield Register 
gives the baptisms of his brothers and sisters, viz.: Thomas ap 



256 MISCELLANEA HLSTORICA. 

Thomas Peers de Kerry^ gen. Rictus apleuan deHudan, gen. 

Ric'us Morgan, gen. Ed'rus ap leun de Pentirohe, 

Rogerus Lloyd, gen. gen. 

Thomas ap Rees ap Hughe, Thomas David de Yarchoell, 

gen. gen. 

WiUi'ms Rob'te de Domgay, Johes ap Hughe ap John, gen. 

gen. Rowlandus Owen, Ar. Yic. 
Moricius Jones, gen. 

* ^^ 7 December, 8 James I, 1610. Apud Allporte in Com. 
Mountgom^y, coram Richardo Lloyd, ar. The examination of 
Richard Anthony, taken before Richard Lloyd, esq^r., one of 
the justices of the peace for the county of Mountgomery.^^ 

Miscellanea Histoeica, 9 James I, 1611. 

Magna Sessio tent aj)ud Polam, 21 October j 9 James I. 

Summons thereunto endorsed, '' Rowlandus * Ar. Vic." 

Noi^a Justic jpacis. (roll torn off to) 

Rictus Hussey, mil. (Criggion). 

Owinus Vaughan, ar. (Llwydiarth). 

Ed'rus Price de Newtowne, ar. 

RobHus Leighton, ar. (Wattlesborough and Bausley). 

Ed'rus Price de Vaynor,^ ar. 

Ric'us Leighton, ar. (Gwernygo). 

Rowlandus Pugh, ar. (Mathavarn), 

Matheus Herbert, ar. (Dolguog). 

Moricius Owen, ar. (Rhiwsaeson). 

Jenkinus Lloyd, ar. (Berthllwyd). 

Thomas Juckes, ar. (Buttington). 

Willi'mus Penryn, ar. (Rhysnant). 

Cadd'er Owen, sacr. Theolog. Baccul. (Llanvechain). 

Charolus Herbert, ar. (Aston). 

Thomas ap Edward Lloyd, 20th January, 1580 ; Prancis, 20th 
January, 1582; Jeffrey, 4th April, 1585; Robert, 13th January, 
1596 ; Bridget, 10th August, 1533. Joan, daughter of Thomas 
Lloyd ap Edward, was buried at Guilsfield, 25th March, 1577. 
(See " Miscellanea Historica," 7 James I.) He was sixth in 
descent from Sir Grriffith Yaughan, knight banneret of Garth, in 
Guilsfield. 

^ He was the son of Arthur Price, of Yaynor, sheriff in 1578, by 
the Lady Bridget Bourchier, daughter of John Bourchier, fourth 
Earl of Bath. He appears this year as steward of the manor of 
Tiertrief, to his relative, the Hon. Lady Susan Bourchier. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 257 



Lodowicus Gwynne, ar. (Llanidloes). 
Gilbertus Jones, ar. (Pool). 
Rolandus Owen, ar. (Llunllo). 
Ric'us Lloyd, ar. (Harrington). 
Morganus Glynne, ar. (Glynn). 
Ed'rus Price, ar. (Glanmeheli) . 



David Blayney et Joh'es Lloyd, gen^osi, Coronat. 
David Powell, ar., Escaetor (Weston). 

CJiief Stewards of Lordships^ same as 7 James J, exce2}t 
Thomas Juckes, ar.. Cap. Sen; Willi'mo Comit Pembroke 

et Willi^mo Herbert, milit., d'nii sui de Powys. 

Ed'rus Price, ar., Sen'lus ko. d ne Susane Bourchier, d'ni 

sui de Tyertref. 

A warrant, dated 11 May, '9 James I, and addressed by 
Richardus Lewkenor, miles, to the Vic. Com. Mountgom'y, 
and endorsed " Rowlandus Owen, Ar. Yic.'^ 

A letter dated 15 Sept., 16ll, from Sir Eichard Leukenor, 
knight, addressed to Rowland Owen as high sheriff of Mont- 
gomeryshire. 

Noi'a Inquis Magn-a, 
Jenkin Lloyd, ar. 
M'edd ap Owen de Mayne, gen. 
Hic'us Price de Newtowne,^ gen. 
Rictus Derwas de Penrhyn,^ gen. 

^ Richard Price was the third son of John Price, of Newtown, 
sheriff in 1586, and the younger brother of Edward Price, of New- 
town, on the roll of couuty magistrates for this year, and sheriff 
in 1615. 

2 Richard Derwas, of Penrhyn Vechan, in the hundred of 
Deythur, was sixth in descent from Sir Grif&th Vaughan, knight 
banneret. Lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and Deythur. He was the 
son of Hugh Derwas, of Penrhyn (ap John ap Owen ap Griffith ap 
Reginald of Garth ap Sir Griffith Vaughan). He is probably 
identical with " Ricus Derwas de Penrhos, gen.," foreman of a 
jury in the 39th Eliz. His uncle, " Ricus Derwas, ar." (ap John ap 
Owen), was second on the grand jury, and escheator for the county 
in the 80th Eliz. The latter married Margaret, daughter of 
Geoffrey Penrhyn, chief steward of Bausley, to Edward Leighton 
of Wattlesborough, in the 13th Eliz,, by whom he had John 
Derwas. Hugh (ap "William ap John) Derwas, of Penrhos, left 
two daughters, Elizabeth and Mary, living in 1700, who as co- 
heiresses alienated the estate. Griffith ap John Derwas, of New 

VOL. VI. ' S 



258 MISCELLANEA HISTORIC A. 

Rob'tus FFrancis de Trewerne, gen. 
Ricus Morgan de Llandyssyll, gen. 
Matheus Mores, gen. 
Rogerus Lloyd de Rliandyr, gen. 
Humffrus Lloyd de Llanvayre,^ gen. 
Thomas Mores ap John Dwe, gen. 
Joh'es Cadd'r ap Gruff, gen. 
Willim's RoVts de Domgay, gen. 
Joh'es ap Edward ap Rees Lloyd, gen. 
Rictus Wynne de Llanwothyn, gen. 
Moriceus Jones de Llandynam, gen. 
Rowlandus Owen, Ar. Vic. 

Jut. magna Tnquis. S^cde. 

Edwardus Lloyd de ffynnant, gen. 
Edwardus Herbert de Kemes,^ gen. 
M^edd ap Owen de Mayne, gen. 
Thomas, ap HumfFrey de Aberfrwdlan,^ gen. 
Jenkinus David de Llangerick,* gen. 
David Jones de Llanwthin, gen. 
Owinus Purcell de Monlyn, gen. 
Jenkinus Mores de Maesmawr,^ gen. 

Chapel, married Catherine, daughter of David Tanat, of Tredder- 
wen, by whom he had the Rev. Richard Derwas, Vicar of Meivod, 
and John Derwas, living in 1700. (Add. MSS.f 9864-5, under 
" Derwas of Llandrinio.") 

^ Humphrey Lloyd, of Llanvair, in Caereinion, was the second 
son of David ap Meredith ap David Lloyd ap David ap Meredith. 
The latter was sixth in descent from Sulien ap Caradoc, Arch- 
deacon of Powys in 1202, and the common ancestor of the Neuadd- 
wen family, the Williams' of Dolanog, and others. Meredith 
Lloyd, elder brother of Humphrey Lloyd, married Mary, daughter 
of David Pryse (ap Rhys ap John ap David), lord of the manor of 
Llanllygan, but left no issue. {Cedwyn MS., under " Llanfair.") 

2 "Edward Herbert, of Kemmes, gent.," appears as a party to 
a deed bearing date 16th April, 9 James I. {Ex. inf., W. W. E. 
Wynne, Esq., of Peniarth.) 

^ Thomas ap Humphrey, of Aberfrwdlan and Abergwidol, ap 
Hugh apEvan, of Mathavam,is said (Harl. MS., 1936, commencing 
at fo. 17), to have married " Katherine v. Jo'n Herbert, of Mach- 
ynlleth (? Cemmes), fil. old (? Sir) Richard Herbert, of Mon'- 
gom'y." 

4 See Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 237. 

^ Jenkin ap Maurice ap Owen, of Maesmawr, in the parish of 
Llandinam, was fifteenth in descent from Aleth, Prince of Dyved. 
His father is probably identical with '* Moriceus Owen de Arrw- 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 259 

Lodowicus M'edd de Kelliber issa, gen. 

Joh'es Lyngen de Bettus^ gen. 

Owinus Blayney de Beriewe^ gen. 

Edwardus Lloyd de Gaervawr, gen. 

Moriceus David ap leun de Bulcharthon, gen. 

Joh^es Cadd'r de Myvod, gen. 

Joh'es ap Edward ap Bes Lloyd de Llanvair, gen. 

Names on the listj hut not of the Grand Jury. 

Joh'es Mydleton de Churchstock, gen. 
Eic'us ap leuan de Hudan/ gen. 
M'edd Lloyd de Brynellen_, gen. 
Eob'tus Thomas de Llangynowe, gen. 
Joh'es DD ap Owen de Llanwythellen, gen. 
Morris Williams de LlanVrochwell, gen. 

Recusants presented at the Assizes, 24 Oct., 9 James I, 
luithin the jpHshe of Poole. 

Imprimis. Dame Mary Herb't, widowe. 

Jonett vch Hughe^ widowe. 

Thomas Harb't, gent., and Dorothy his wif. 

Winifred Herb't. 

Marie Drap', widowe. 

Richard ap William and Jocosa his wife. 

Grace, the wiefe of Anthonie Bayly. 

The widow Woodward. 

Presented by us, William Greene, John Brasier, wardens of 
the said p'ishe. 

9-10 James I, in Roll 865, Ministers' Accounts, the follow- 
ing occur — 

*' Capella de FForden. Compus Georgii Harris, ar., FFir- 
mar. ibm. 



strad, gen.," on the grand jury 35 Eliz. The latter married Ellen, 
daughter of David, of Glasgrug, in Cefn-yr-Hafodau, ap Evan 
Gwynn ap Jenkin, and Evan Gwynn married Catherine, daughter 
of Jenkin Goch, of Clochfaen. Jenkin Maurice, by Margaret, 
daughter of David ap Harry, of OerfTrood (see his pedigree in 
Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 305), had " David Morris, ar.," on the roll 
of county magistrates, 3 Charles I., who, by Martha, daughter of 
Jenkin Lloyd, of Berthllwyd, sheriff in 1606, had " Thomas Morice, 
ar.," on the roll of magistrates in 16 Charles I (see Mont. Goll.y 
vol. iii, p. 234, and Lewys Dwun, vol. i, pp. 282-3). 

^ Richard ap Jeuan ap Richard, of Hydan, married Jane, 
daughter of David (ap Rhys ap John ap David), lord of the manor 
of Llanllygan, on the grand jury 39 Eliz. 

s2 



260 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

" Capella de Churchstocke. Compus Doretlice Penne, vid., 
FFirmar. ibm." 

Miscellanea Historica, 10 James I, 1612. 

A writ addressed to the Sheriff of Montgomeryshire, dated 
17th Oct., 10 James 1, and endorsed " William Herbert, 
miles, vie." The latter addressed a letter, dated 28th June, 
11 James I, to Sir Eichard Lewknor, Knight, and Henry 
Townshend, Knight, Chief Justices of Chester. Signed '' Wil- 
liam Herbert^ Knight, Sherief." 

Noia Inq. Magn. [Orand Jury.) 

Eic'us Loyd de Marrington, ar. 
Ed'rus Pughe de Curabyghan, gen. 
Ed'rus Tannatt de Trewellan,^ gen. 
Eob'tus Lloyd de Haughton/ gen. 
Thomas Morres de Llandynam,^ gen. 

* Edward Tanat, of Trewylan, was the son of Galfridus or 
Geoffrey Tanat, a younger brother of Thomas Tanat, of Abertanat, 
sheriff in 1570 (see Mont. Coll. vol. iv, p. 151). 

2 Eobert Lloyd, of Haughton, in the parish of Llandisilio, was 
the son of Griffith ap David (ap Owen ap David ap Meredith), of 
Haughton, and of Trewylan, in the parish of Llansaint-ffraid, eighth 
in descent from David Llwd. Eobert Lloyd married Catherine, 
daughter of David Lloyd ap Meredith. His father was twice mar- 
ried ; first, to Gwen, daughter of Grifl&th Yaughan ap David ap 
Griffith ap Eichard ap Einion, of Whittington, by whom he had 
Janet, who married Hugh ap Eichard ap Griffith ap Meredith ap 
David Lloyd (lord of half Broniarth), ap Jeuan ap Griffith ap 
Madoc ap Gwenwys ; Mawd, who married Jeffrey Tanat, jure 
uxoris of Trewylan (Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 151j ; Margaret, who 
married Eobert Penel, and afterwards Griffith ap Griffith Dai 
Lloyd ; secondly, to Margaret, daughter of Thomas ap Llewelyn, 
seventh in descent from Eirid ap Cadwgan, by whom he had 
Eobert Lloyd above, Geoffrey Lloyd, and Gwgan Lloyd. " Eobtus 
Lloyd de Dewthor, gen.," was on the grand jury, 19, 21 and 29 
EHz., and " Galfrus Lloyd, gen.," in 22 and 26 Eliz. David ap 
Owen ap DD. ap Mered. had a grant of a lease of " Court Calde- 
more " from John ap Pierce Porter, Prior of Chirbury Priory, 
18th Feb., 8 Hen. YlII {Mont. Coll., vol. vi, p. 106). 

^ Thomas Morris (ap Maurice ap David ap leuan, or Evan), 
married Audrey, daughter of Eoger Lloyd, of Talgarth, and was 
deputy sheriff to Eichard Lloyd, of Marrington, sheriff in 1616. 
His father, " Mauriceus David ap Jeun de Llandynam, gen.," was 
on the grand jury 28 Eliz. and previous years. (Lewys Dwnn, 
vol. i, p. 303). 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 261 

Hoell ap Richard de Hurdley, gen. 

Thomas Gruff de Penycastell, gen. 

Thomas Lloyd de Sylvayne, gen. 

Joh'es ap Edward ap Ks Lloyd de Llanvayre, gen. 

Anthonis Scarlette de Trewerne, gen. 

David ap leun DD ap DD de FFenyarth^ gen. 

Eob^tus ap Robert de Trewerne, gen. 

Thomas ap David de Varchoell, gen. 

Thomas ap John DD ap GwilHm de Llanbrynmayer, gen. 

Philippus ap Richard de Llandynam, gen. 

Rob^tus Tudd. de Garthbibeo, gen. 

Noia S'cde Inquis. 

Ed'rus Price de Vaynor, ar. 
Rogerus Lloyd de Rhandir, g^^- 
Joh'es Price de Penniarthe,^ gen. 
Rictus Lloyd de Trevenante, gen. 
Joh^es Lingen de Bettus, gen. 
Joh'es Gruff, ap Owen de Cume, gen. 
Joh^es Robots de Kevronyth, gen. 
Humff. Gruff, de Bronnyarth/ gen. 
Gruff. DD ap John de Llanvehangell, gen. 
Willim's ap Owen de eadem, gen. 
Riceus Wynne de Llanwoothyn/ gen. 
Thomas ap Morris ap John Dwye, gen. 
Watkinus David de Llanvihangell, gen. 
Rogerus Edwards de fforden, gen. 
leun DD ap Thomas de Gwenohewe, gen. 
Joh'es ap Hugh bedowe de Bronyarth, gen. 

^ William, son of John Price ap Owen, of Peiiiarth, married 
Elen, daughter of Maurice Owen, of Rhiewsaeson, sheriff in 1612. 
(Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 298. Earl. MS. 1936, under "Y 
Fachwen.") 

2 Humphrey Griffiths, of Broniarth, was the son of Griffith ap 
Morris ap Llewellyn ap Evan ap David Lloyd (living 7 June 
7 Henry IV, 1406), ap David Aber. His mother, Catherine, was 
the daughter and co-heir of Hugh Lloyd, of Broniarth, ap David 
ap Matthew ap Cadwallador ap Owen ap Meyrick ap Pasgen, ap 
Gwyn ap Griffith, lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and Deythur. By 
his wife Maud, daughter of Owen ap Evan ap Morris Gethin of 
Broniarth, he had " Brochwell filius Humfredi Griffith, baptz, fuit 
secundo die Aprilis, an'o 1594." (Guilsfield Register.) " Barbara 
filia Brochwell Griffiths, gen., bap. 24 Oct., 1680." (lb.) His 
descendant, Brochwell Griffiths, of Broniarth, was sheriff in 1719. 
(Earl. MS. 9864-5.) 

^ He married Ann, daughter of Robert Wynn, of Glynn. (Lcwys 
Dwnn, vol. i, p. o21.) 



262 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

On the list, hut not of the Grand Jury. 

Kowlandus Pughe de Matha- Jasperus ap Hughe de Ehe- 

varne, ar. teskyn/ gen. 

Johe'sYaughaiideLlyssynjar. Rogems Gruff, de Tyermy- 

Ric'us Rocke/ ar. nech, gen. 

Morgan Glynne, ar. Ed^rus ap David de Trewerne, 

Gruffinus Pughe de Doleyvo- gen. 

neye^ ar. Joh^es Edwards de Castell- 

Thomas ap Humffrey de Llan- wright/ gen. 

wooryn, gen. Rictus ap Hughe ap Harry de 

Ed'rusHerbertde Kernes, gen. Llanvilhnge, gen. 

Willim's Rob'ts de Domgey, Willim^s Price de Llanllygan/ 

gen. gen. 

Joh'es Corbette de Trevenan- Rictus Morgan de Broniwoyd, 

ney, gen. gen. 

Joh^es Pughe de Kemes, gen. Joh^es ap Matthewe de Llan- 

Ed^rus ap Thomas de Hendre- gynowe, gen. 

heane, gen.^ Rogerus Lloyd de Gayer- 

vawre, gen. 

^ He was of Trefnanney and Shrewsbury, and Sheriff in 1620. 

2 He was the son of " Thomas ap John ap Mores de Hendre Heane 
(Guilsfield), gen.," on the grand jury 38th Ehz., tenth in descent 
from Griffith ap Beh, lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and Deythur, by 
Catherine, daughter of Walter Hockleton, of Hockleton, in the 
parish of Chirbury, by his wife Margaret, daughter of John Wynn 
of Broughton, ap Reginald of Garth. Edward ap Thomas married 
Mary, daughter of Humphrey ap John Wynn of Garth. {Cedwyn 
MS. under " Hendre Hen.") 

^ Jasper ap Hugh, sixth in descent from Griffith Deuddwr, mar- 
ried Ales, daughter of Humphrey ap John Wynn of Garth, by 
Joyce, daughter of Humphrey Lloyd, of Leighton, sheriff in 1541, 
by whom he had 1, Thomas Pugh, who married a daughter of John 
WiUiams, of Winnington, and Jane, daughter of Oliver Lloyd, of 
Leighton; 2, Edward; 3, Griffith; 4, Edmund. {Cedwyyi M8., under 
"More descendants of Gruffydd Deuddwr.) He appears as " Jasp' 
ap Hugh ap Gruff., gen.," on the grand jury 23 Ehz. ; and as 
" Jasperus ap Hugh de Redeskyn, gen.," in the 29th Eliz. 

* John Edwards was the son of Edward ap Howell, descended 
from Sir Robert ap Madoc, knight, by Elen, daughter of Pierce 
ap Edmund Middleton, of Middleton, in the parish of Chirbury. 
He married Margaret, daughter of Robert ap Thomas Ireland, by 
whom he had Samuel Edwards, Richard Edwards, and Hugh 
Edwards. (Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 323, under " Edwards of Castell 
Trynn.") 

^ William Price was lord of the manor of Llanllygan. He was 
the son of David ap Rhys ap John ap David of Llanllygan, on the 
grand jury 39 Eliz., by Catherine, daughter of John ap Thomas ap 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 263 

22 Jan. 10 Jas. I. A.pud Mathavarn. A deposition taken 
before Eowland Pugh, esq'r._, one of his Matties Justices of the 
peace of the said county. 

24 Dec. 10 Jas. I. Apud Llanvechan. A deposition taken 
coram Cadd'ero Owen in Sacra Theolog. Baculo uno Justic. 
etc. 

4 Feb. 10 Jas. I. Apud Allportt. A deposition taken 
cora Ric'o Lloid, ar.^ uno Justic. pacis com. Mount'y. Signed, 
Eich. Lloydj ar. 

The sheriffs^ file of 10 James I contains many good auto- 
graphs of public officers. 

Miscellanea Histoeica, 11 James I, 1613. 

Magna Session tent apud Novam Villam, 23 May, 11 James T. 
'^ Edwa.rd Frice, Ar. Vic,'^ 

Nomin/Jb Ministro'm Dn'i Regis Com. p'd (Montgomery). 

Nomina Justic. Pacis Dn'i Regis Com. pd. 

Thomas D^ns Ellsmer^ Cancell. Anglicj etc. 

Henricus Comes North^ton^ Gustos privat' Sigilli. 

Radius D^ns Eure p'sedens Consilii D'ni Regis infra prin- 

cipalitat' sui M^chie Wallie. 
Ric'us Ep'us Assaph. 
Rictus Lewknor, miles, et Henricus Towneshend, miles, 

Justic. Cestr., etc. 
Willimus Herbert, miles (Lord Powis). 
Edwardus Herbert, miles (Lord Herbert of Chirbury). 
Ric'us Price, miles (Gogerddan). 
Thomas Hanmer, miles. 
Rictus Hussey, miles (Griggion). 
Ric'us Baker, ar. 

Owinus Yaughan, ar. (Llwydiarth). 
EdVus Price de Nova Villa, ar. 
Rob'tus Leighton, ar. ( Wattlesborough) . 
EdVus Price de Vaynor, ar. 
Rictus Leighton, ar. (Gwernygo). 
Roland Pughe, ar. (Mathavarn). 



Rhys ap David, lord of Llanllygan. William Price by Jane, daughter 
of William Whittingham, had a son, David Price, who was lord of 
the manor of Llanllygan in the 3rd Charles I, and married Bridget, 
daughter of Edward Price of Gunley. (Add. M8S. 9865, British 
Museum.) 



264 MISCELLANEA HISTORIC A. 

Mauricius Owen, ar. (Rhiwsaesou). 

Jenkinus Lloyd, ar. (Berthllwyd). 

Thomas Jucks, ar. (Buttington) . 

Willimus Penryn, ar. (Rhysnant). 

Cadd'r Owen Sac. Theolog. Bacc. (Llanvechan). 

Joh'es Vauglian,^ ar. (Llyssyn). 

Carolus Herbert, ar. (Aston). 

Lodowicus Gwyn, ar. (Llanidloes). 

Gilbertus Jones, ar. (Pool). 

Rolandus Owen, ar. (?LlQnllo). 

Rictus Lloyd, ar. (Harrington). 

Morganus Glynn, ar. (Glynn). 

Rictus Rocke, ar. (Salop). 

David Blayney et Randulphus Parry, gen'osi, Coronat. D^ni 
Regis com. p'd. " 

Ed'rus Lloyd, ar., escaetor, D^ni Regis com. p'd. 

Deposition ^' coram Edwardo Price, ar., uno Justic. pacis, 
etc., venit Artliurus Jones de Garthmyll in com. pred. gen'os. 
6 March, 11 James I.'' 

^aO Nov. 1613. Edw. Kynaston of Hordley, Esq., grants 
a lease of a meadow in Pool, called Dole-y-Chirgan, to John 
Brown.'' (Schedule of Kynaston papers). 

Miscellanea Histokica, 14 James I, 1616. 

Magna Sessio, tent a/pud Polam, 30 Sejot., 14 James I. Sum- 
mons thereto from Sir Thomas Ghamherlayne, Knight, 
Chief Justice of Chester. Endorsed y 

Rich. Lloyd, Ar. Vic. 

Inquis. Magna. 

Rowlandus Pughe de ]\^athavarne, ar. 
Ed'rus Herbert de Kernes, gen. 
Ric'us Price de Nova Villa, gen. 
Thomas ap HumfFrey de Llanwrin, gen. 
Joh'es Owen de Dolarthin,^ gen. 

^ John Yaughan was probably the eldest son of Owen ap John ap 
Owen Vaughan of Llwydiarth. He married Margaret, sister of 
Edward, first Lord Herbert of Chirbury, and was entered of the 
Middle Temple in 1606. He probably died without issue. He was 
on the grand jury list of the previous year. 

^ John Wynnap Owen of Dolarddyn was twelfth in descent from 
Griffith ap Beli, lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and Deuddwr. He 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 265 

Tboraas Peers de Kerry, gen. 

Griffinus Lloyd Lewis de Llanvillinge,^ gen. 

Rogerus Griffith de Tirymynich,^ gen. 

Ric'us ap Hugli ap Harry de Llanvillinge, gen. 

Howel Jones de Penstrowed, gen. 

M/dd Pavid ap leun de Dwyriwe/ gen. 

Riceus Wynne de Llanwothin, gen. 

Ric'us Powell de Brinkamiserj gen. 

EdVus ap Hugh de Trewerne, gen. 

Carolus Griffith de Kilcoran, gen. 

Names on the list, hut not of the Grand Jury. 

David Powell de Weston, gen. 

Roger Lloyd de Rhandir, gen. 

Ed'rns ap Thomas de Hendrehen, gen. 

Humffridus Lloyd de Llanvair, gen. 

Ric'us Lloyd de Trefnant, gen. 

Ed'rus Mores de Coome Erie, gen. 

Griffinus Bynnar de Nant Michied,^ gen. 



married Mawd, daughter of Howell Vaughan of Coed Talog, ap 
Owen ap John Yaughan of Llwydiarth, and Lucy, daughter of John 
Wynn ap Reynold ap Sir Griffith Vaughan. By Lucy he had Ga- 
briel Wynn, who married Anne, daughter of Edward Piers of Cres- 
sage and Maesmawr, barrister-at-law, and Elizabeth, daughter and 
heiress of Griffith Lloyd of Maesmawr, sheriff in 1581. (Lewys 
Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. 293, and Cedwyn MS. under " Dolard- 
dun"). See also Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 317, n. 4. 

^ Griffith Lloyd of Bodvach, in the parish of Llanfyllin, ap Lewis 
ap David, was seventh in descent from Madoc Kyffin. His grand- 
father David ap William married Lowry, daughter and heiress of 
John ap Jenkin of Bodvach, descended from Celynin of Llwydiarth. 
By Margaret, daughter of William Penrhyn of Rhysnant a[) Llew- 
ellyn ap Humphrey Penrhyn, Griffith Lloyd had William, who as- 
sumed the surname of Kyffin, and was the father of John Kyffin of 
Bodvach. (Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 307, Harl. MSS. 9864-5.) 

2 See Lewys Dwnn's Visitation, under " Tir y Mynych, Cegidva," 
vol. i, p. 306. 

^ Meredith (ap David ap Evan) of Dwyryw, in the parish of Ma- 
navon, was twelfth in descent from Cynvelyn ap Dolphyn, who 
appears as fourth lay witness to Owen Cyfeiliog's charter, founding 
the Abbey of Strata Marcella in 1170. His mother was Margaret, 
daughter of William Herbert of Park, sheriff in 1569. His son 
John Meredith married Eleanor, daughter of Griffith Kyffyn of Cae 
Coch, by whom he had David, and Catherine married to Rowland 
Meredith of Groft. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 285. 

^ His descendants are thus given in Harl. MS. 1936, " Glan 



266 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Joh'es Penrhyn de Llandrinio/ gen. 
Ed^rus Walters de Bawsley, gen. 
Ed^rus ap David de Trewerne, gen. 
Eic^us M'fin de Hetty gunvach^ gen. 
Kic'us Beamond de Bacheldre, gen. 
Joh^es Herbert de Keven Penarth, gen. 
Joh'es Humffrey de Brinlalch, gen. 
David Jones de llanwthin,, gen. 



Edwardus Mores et JoVes Bythell, gen'osi, balli de Mount- 
gom'y. 

" Tho's Thompson, Kector, ecclia de Mountgomerie/' signed 
to a petition. 

Deposition ^^ taken at Criggion, 17 July, 1616, before Sir 
Richard Hussey, Knight, Justice of the peace for the said 
county" (Montgomery). 

14 James I. In Roll 869 of Ministers' Accounts the follow- 
ing occur — 

" Ed'm Crowther nu'p de Gilfielde, gen'os." 

" Humfrid. Lloyd de Greate Heme, gen'os.'^ 

" Randulphus Lloyd de eadem." 

" Matthew Herbert, ar. de Talyglandy scituat. in poc'h de 
Kemes." 



Meichiad. Llanfihangell. John Bynyr ap W'm Bynyr ap Gr. 
Bynyr, married Margt. v. John Trevor ye old of Pentre Kyn'ick." 
His daughter " EHzabeth f h." married " Edd. Edd's son of W'm 
Edd's of Llanfihangell yn Gwynfa. Rogerus Moston ar. et Sydneus 
Bynner, gen. Balli de Llanvillinge in 14 Charles II, 1662. The 
oldest monument in the church of Llanrhaidr-yn-Mochnant thus 
records his death : " Sidneus Bynner gen., oh. 1694, aet. 70." 

We find the following records of the family. 

*' lohes Bynner et Thomas Griffiths, gen'osi. Ball, de Llanvil- 
linge 24 Charles I, 1648." 

" John Bynner of Nanthmeiched, gen.," appears on a grand jury 
list in 1654. 

Owinus Bynner de * appears on the grand jury list for the 
hundred of Llanfyllin, 15 Charles II, 1663. 

" Gaynor Byner," baptized in 1654 (Llanfyllin Register). 

^ John Penrhyn of Llandrinio was the son of Edward Penrhyn 
ap Jefirey Penrhyn (steward of Bausley, 13 Eliz.) ap Owen ap 
Griffith ap Llewellyn Penrhyn. By Catherine, daughter of William 
Owen, John Penrhyn had a son, Roger Penrhyn of Llandrinio, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of " Edrus ap Thomas de Hendrehen, 
gen." above. (ifarZ. i¥6'^., 9864-5). 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 267 

Miscellanea Historica, 15 James I, 1617. 

A file of warrants issued to the Sheriff of Montgomeryshire. 
Endorsed, Rich. Lloyd, Ar. Vic., 5 Oct., 14 James I. Passed 
on to the next sheriff^ for execution, and endorsed ^^Edw. FFoxe, 
Miles, Vic.'' 

Magna Sessio, tent apud Mountgom'y, 2 June, 15 James I. 

Noi'a Inq. Magna. 

Joh'es Blayney de Tregynon/ ar. 

Rictus Price de Newtowne, gen. 

Gruffinus Lloyd Lewis de Llanvillinge, gen. 

Rictus Bedmond de Bacheldre, gen. 

David Powell de Weston, gen. 

Joh'is Price de Penniarth, gen. 

Ed'rus Ockley de Bacheldre, gen. 

Rowlandus Lloyd de Bronyoodj gen. 

Thomas ap Humffrey ap Hughe de Llanwoyryn, gen. 

David Lloyd ap leun de Llanwooryn, gen. 

Thomas Cadd^r de Llanbrynmayre, gen. 

Thomas Williams de Manavon, gen. 

Humffrus Grouffith de Bronyarth, geii* 

Lewis Hoells, gen. 

Hoell Jones de Penrhoneth, (?) gen. 

'^Inquis. post mortem apud Llanlygan, 31st May, 15 James 
I, coram David Blayney, gen^oso, uno coronator'm sup' visu 
corporis Ovvini Yaughan,^ armigeri, apud Llwydiarth in com. 
pred.^^ (Montgomery). 

^ John Blayney of Gregynog was the eldest son of Lewis Blayney, 
and the grandson of David Lloyd Blayney, sheriff in 1577 and 1585. 
John Blayney, himself sheriff in 1642, married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Jenkin Lloyd of Berthllwyd, sheriff in 1588 and 1606. Lewys 
Dwnn's Visitation, vol. i, p. 299. 

2 He was the son of John ap Owen Vaughan of Llwydiarth, 
sheriff in 1583, by Catherine, daughter and heiress of Maurice ap 
Robert of Llangedwin. He had issue : — 

I. " John Vaughan of Llwydiarth," entered of the Middle Temple 
in 1606, who married Margaret, daughter of Richard Herbert, and 
sister of Edward Lord Herbert of Chirbury. He probably died with- 
out issue. 

II. Sir Robert Vaughan, Knight, who married Catherine, daughter 
of William Lord Powis. 

III. Charles Vaughan, tried at the County Assizes 1 Charles I, 
1625, for murder in taking forcible possession of the house of Llwy- 
diarth on the death of his elder brother. Sir Robert Vaughan. (See 
" Miscellanea Historica," Charles I, and note.) [iv. 



268 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Miscellanea Histoetca, 16 James I, 1618. 

Magna 8ess, tent apud Polam, 28 June, 16 James I, "Rohertus 
Owen, Ar Vic" 

Jur. Magna, 

Joh'es Blayney de Tregynon, ar. 

FFrancis Herbert de Dolgioge,^ ar. 

Ed'rus Wynne, de Gartli,^ gen. 

Lloyd Piers de Maesmawr/ gen. 

Eic'us Lloyd de Trevnant, gen. 

Ed'rus Herbert de Kemes, gen. 

Evanus Matthew de Kerry, gen. 

Evanus Glyn de Glyn,* gen. 

Arthurus Powell de Hurdley, gen. 

Ed'rus Whittingham de Coedtalinog/ gen. 

Ric'us Griffith de Sutton/ gen. 

IV. " Roger Vaughan of Llwydiarth," entered of the Middle 
Temple in 1614. 

V. "Edward Vaughan of Llwydiarth," entered of the Middle 
Temple in 1618. 

I. Dorothy, married to William Salusbury of Rug. 

II. Mary, married to Arthur Price of Yaynor (Lew3''S Dwnn, vol. 
I, pp. 292-4). 

Although some of Owen Yaughan's sous must have had issue, 
Eliauor, the daughter of his second sou, Sir Robert Vaughan, alien- 
ated the estates of Llwydiarth and Llangedwin from the family. 

^ He was the eldest son of Matthew Herbert of Dolguog. (See 
Mont. Coll., vol. iii, pp. 366-7.) 

2 Edward Wynne was the son of Thomas Wynne of Garth, on 
the grand jury 36 Eliz. (See Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 263, n. 1) and 
a magistrate from the 43 Eliz. to the 3 James I. Edward Wynne 
married Margaret, daughter of William Lloyd ap Elissen of Rhi- 
waedog. " 1627. Edwardus Wynne. Ar. Sep. 28 Jan." (Guilsfield 
Register.) " 1600, Gaynor filia Edwardi Wynne de Garthe Bap. 
18 Dec." (Ih.) She married John Trevor of Pentre Kynrick and 
Mostyn, by whom she had two daughters. Genealogie of Wynne of 
Garth, by John Salusbury de Erbistocke, at Powis Castle. 

^ He was the son of Edward Peers and Elizabeth, daughter and 
heiress of Griffith Lloyd of Maesmawr and Trowscoed, sheriff in 
1581. (See Mont. Coll. vol. iv, p. 408.) 

^ He was of Glynn Clywedog, in the parish of Llanidloes, and 
sheriff in 1628. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 311. 

5 See Mont. Coll., vol. v, p. 479, n. 

^ "Richus Griffith de Sydden (Sutton near Montgomery) gen." 
is mentioned in Exchequer Roll 853 of Minister's Accts. of the 33 
Eliz. His pedigree is given is Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 308. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 269 

Ed'rus Owen de Penyrallt Goch,^ gen, 
liic^us Jones de Garthmyll, gen. 
Thomas Rogers de Yarclioell/ gen. 
Joh'es Tylston de Matliravall_, gen. 
Joh'es Gwynn de Dolybaclioge/ gen. 
Joh'es Price de Penniarth, gen. 
Gruffinus Jones de Kevencoze^ gen. 
David Lloyd de Bryngwyn/ gen. 

Rob'tus Owen, Ar. A^ic. 

8'cde Jur. 
Andreas Ellis de Mayne, gen. 
Owen Edwards de Collffryn, gen.^ 
Joh'es David ap Rees de Kyvronith/ gen. 

^ Edward Owen ap William ap Rees apOwen {Harl. MSS. 1936) 
under " Pen-yr-alt Goch" was of the tribe of Brochwel Ysgythrog, 
Prince of Powys, and the ancestor of the Bowens of Alt Goch. 
Edward Owen or Bowen married Catherine, daughter of Morgan 
Glynne, sheriff in 1852, and sister of Evan Glynne above. Lewys 
Dwnn, vol. i, p. 311. He had a son, Jenkin Bowen. " Ricus 
Bowen de Penir allt, gen.," appears on the grand jury, 9 Charles I. 

2 Thomas Rogers was the son of Thomas ap Roger of Burgedin, 
twelfth in descent from Ithell Goch of Burgedin, ap David ap Mere- 
dith ap Bleddyn, Prince of Powys, by Jane, daughter of Jeffrey 
Tanat of Trewylan. Harl. MS8. 9864 5. His father, " Thomas ap 
Roger de Gilffyld, gen.," was on the grand jury, 32 Eliz. 

" Thomas ap Roger de Burgedurge sepult., 20 Dec, 1601" 
(Guilsfield Register). 

^ John Gwynn of Dolebachog and Glyn Havren was the son of 
Edward ap Maurice ap John by Catherine, daughter of John Pugh 
(ap Hugh ap Evan) of Mathavam. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 302. He 
was on the grand jury, 4 James I. 

^ David Lloyd of Bryngwyn, in the parish of Llanfechain, ap John 
(on juries from 1590-9) ap Robert Lloyd of Bryngwyn, appears on 
juries up to the 11th Charles I, 1635. By his wife Mary, daughter 
of William Williams of Winnington, he was the father of Oliver 
Lloyd of Bryngwyn, who, born about the time that his grandfather 
John ap Robert Lloyd was serving on juries, in 1590-9, is erro- 
neously supposed to have represented the county of Montgomery in 
the Parliament of 1586. (See Mont. Coll., vol. v, p. 252, also note, 
p. 256.) " Joh'es ap Robert Lloyd de Llanvechan, gen.," was on 
the grand jury 26 Oct., 32 Ehz., 1590. lb. vol. iv, p. 250, n. 3. In 
the latter note "this" ought to be their grandson. 

^ Owinus Edwards de Colfryn, gen.," was on the grand jury of 
tlie 43 Eliz. See Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 283, note 3. 

^ He was the ancestor of the Prices of Cyfronydd. See Mont. 
Coll., vol. i, p. 275, note 1. 



270 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Joh'es Vauglian de Myvod/ gen. 
Ricaeus Lloyd de Cowney/ gen. 
Thomas Pugli de Penrhin, gen. 
Ric'us Sheinton de Llanwnog,^ gen. 
Joh'is Lingen de Bettus, gen. 
Thomas ap Edmond de Llann'chbrochwell, gen. 
Evanus David de Rhiwiriarth, gen. 
Ed'rus Evans de Pentirch, gen. 
Georgius Symmes de Trevegloes, gen. 
Moriceus David ap leun de Bulchaythan/ gen. 
Rob'tus Owen, Ar. Vic. 

On the list J hut not of the Grand Jury. 

Ed'rus Kynaston de Hordley/ ar. 
Humffrus Robinson de helygy, gen. 
Ric'us Price de Parke, gen. 
Ric'us Owen de Machinlleth,^ gen. 

^ John Vaughan ap Roger Yaughan of Meivod, descended from 
Bleddyn ap Cynvyn, married Bridget, sister of Richard Herbert of 
Meivod, by whom he had Roger Vaughan, who married Mary, 
daughter of Richard Davies ap Humphrey of Cynhinfa. Margaret, 
who married Thomas Bowdler of Mifod. Bridget, who married 
" Robert Ffoulkes p'son of Llanvechain." Anne, who married 
" John Price ap M'edd of Meifod." Martha, who married " Robert 
Edds ap Thos. Edd's of Pant Glas in Meifod." Harl. MS. 1936. 

2 Rees Lloyd of Cownwy was a brother-in-law of John Price of 
Cyfronydd above. He married Elen, daughter of Owen ap John ap 
David Vaughan ap Bedo ap Jenkin ap Jeun Caereinion. Lewys 
Dwnn, vol. i, pp. 321-2. 

^ Richard Sheinton was the son of " Hugh Sheinton de Llanwo- 
nocke, gen.," on a jury in the 30 Eliz., by Margaret, daughter of 
Oliver Lloyd of Leightou, and relict of Francis Hordley of Hordley. 
Richard Sheinton had two sons, Hugh Sheinton (mistaken in 
" Miscellanea Historica," note 1, 30th Eliz., for his grandfather Hugh 
Sheinton), and Oliver Sheinton, churchwarden of Chirbury parish 
in 1635, also a daughter Bridget. Richard Sheinton married se- 
condly Anne, daughter of David Lloyd Blayney, sheriff in 1585, by 
whom he had a daughter, Elinor. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 305, and 
note 1. 

* See " Miscellanea Historica," 4th James I. 

^ Edward Kynaston was the son of Roger Kynaston of Hordley 
by Margaret, daughter of John Owen Vaughan of Llwydiarth, sheriff 
in 1583. He married Mary, sister of Sir Roger Owen of Condover, 
Knight. He was sheriff in 1 623. 

^ He was the eldest son of John Owen of Machynlleth by Ma- 
hallt, daughter of Richard Pugh of Dol-y-corslwyn. From him 
descended Miss Jane Owen, the heiress of the family, who married, 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 271 

Joh'es ap Matliew ap Richard de Mouglitre, gen. 

Williin'us Vavasoure de Newtowne^ gen.^ 

Rob'tus Parry de Myvod/ gen. 

Rogerus Griffith de Tyrymynich/ gen. 

Edwardus Tannett de Trewylan, gen. 

Willim'us Dawes de Llandineo, gen. 

Moriceus ap Mathewe de Llandinam, gen. 

Rictus Lloyd de Bachaethllon/ gen. 

Willim'us ap John Wynne de Myvod, gen. 

Ric'us Griffith de Garthe, gen. 

Jenkinus Mores de Llandinam, gen. 

Edward ap Hugh de Trewerne, gen. 

Roger Penrhyn, gen. 

*^ Montgomery. 16 July, 16 James I. A grant of the office 
of particular surveyor of, to Gabriel Marsh during pleasure.^' 
(Fo. 28, vol. viii, North Wales Enrolment). 

Miscellanea Histoeica, 17 James I. 

Magna Session^ tent' ajpud Polam, 10th July, 17 James L 
Summons thereto addresssd hy Thomas Chamherlayne, Miles, 
Justic. Endorsed " lUcus Rocke, Ar. Vic." 

Noi'a Inquis. Magn. 
Joh*es Wynn de Dolarddyn, gen. 
Evanus Mathewe de Kerry, gen. 
Reginaldus Gierke de Bacheldre, gen. 

first, Richard Viscount Balkeley, and, secondly, Edward Williams, 
Esq. She died in 1765. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 272, notes 4 and 7. 

1 Conflicting authorities, see Mont, Coll., vol. iii, pp. 837, 386, have 
already been given, one stating that Penelope, daughter of William 
Vavasour of Newtown, was the wife, the other that she was the 
mother, of Vavasour Powell, the great Nonconformist preacher. 
There can be little doubt that she was his mother, and she was pro- 
bably desirous of thus transmitting to posterity the name of her 
ancient family. 

2 Robert Parry ap Jenkin ap John ap Harry of Meivod, accord- 
ing to Harl. MS. 1936. commencing at fol. 17, married "Margaret 
f. h. Humphrey Grifi" ap Hugh of Meiford,". by whom he had " An- 
drew Parry, who married Margaret v. Tho. Tanat of Abertanat ap 
Res Tanat." 

3 See Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 277, note 3. 

* Richard Lloyd was of Machaethlon, in the parish of Kerry. See 
Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 288, for his descent and connections. 

5 For the roll of magistrates for this year see Mo7it. Coll., vol. ii, 
p. 847. The sheriff's, or gaol, files, partly destroyed, for the years 
12th-19th James I, 1614-21, contain no rolls of magistrates. 



272 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Joh'es DD ap Rees de Kyfronyth, gen. 

Joh'es Pughe de Derowen, gen. 

Morgan Vaughan de LlansanfFraid, gen. 

Thomas David de Varchoell^ gen. 

Charolus Price^ gen. 

Joh^es Lingen de Bettus, gen. 

Evanus DD ap Owen, gen. 

Derwas GrufFyth de Kernes/ gen. 

Moricius DD ap leun de Balcharthan/ gen. 

Watkin David^ gen. 

Joh'es ap Ed. ap Rees Lloyd de Llanvair, gen. 

Ed'rus ap leun de Pentirch^ gen. 

Joh'es Breese, yom. Ric'us Roeke^ Ar. Vic. 

Names on the list, hut not of the Grand Jury. 

Edwarde Purcell de Wropton/ ar. 
Lloyd Peers de Maesmawr, gen. 
David Lloyd de Bryngwyn, gen. 
Weithan Jones de Treweithan/ gen. 

^ Derwas Griffith ap Ednyved ap Griffith, according to Harl. 
MS. 1936, was of " Glyntwywyn in Kemais," and married Mary, 
daughter of Griffith Kyffin of Cae Coch. His fa'her, " Ednyved 
Gruffithe de Kernes, gener.," appears on a jury in tha 35th Eliz. 

2 Of Bwlch Aeddan. 

^ Edward Purcell was the first of his family who became domi- 
ciled at Nantcribba, in the township of Wropton, and parish of 
Forden. He was sheriff in 1625. 

* Wythen Jones ap Evan ap Hugh Jones was descended from the 
Cynvynian Princes of Powys. His grandfather, Hugh Jones, mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Sir Richard Herbert, of Montgomery, 
Knight, and appears on grand jury lists from the 6th to the 27th 
Eliz., 1564-85. Wythen Jones married Judith, daughter of Hum- 
phrey Lloyd ap Edward Lloyd of Llanynys, Denbighshire. Lewys 
Dwnn, vol. i, p. 304. This marriage gave rise to an angry corre- 
spondence, now preserved in the series of " Domestic State Papers" 
at the Record Office, between Thomas Wilson and Edward Lloyd, 
the brother of Judith. It is thus epitomized in the index. 

" 5 September, 1G14. Tho's Wilson to Edward Lloyd. Intends 
to prosecute his claim to the custody of Wythen, son of the late 
Einion (? Evan) Jones, as the king's ward, and also to obtain a fine, 
because Lloyd's father married the ward to his own daughter" (Ed- 
ward Lloyd's sister Judith). The mother of Edward and Judith 
Lloyd, was Gwen, daughter of Meredith ap Hugh ap Evan of Math- 
avarn. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 272. 

On 11th September, Edward Lloyd wrote a rejoinder to Thomas 
Wilson. Edward Lloyd married Gwen Lewis of Bron-y-Voel in the 
vale of Clwyd. 



I 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 273 

David Lloyd de Haulchton, gen. 

David Lloyd ap leun de Llanwonoge, gen. 

Ed'rus Lloyd de Tirymynich, gen. 

Robert ap Robert de Trewerne, gen. 

Joh^es Rob^tus de Kyvronydd, gen. 

Rogerus Price de Ackley, gen.^ 

Thomas Puglie de Cletterwood, gen. 

Joh'es Corbett de Trevenanney, gen. 

Rictus Griffitlie de Grarth, gen. 

Riceus ap John DD Lloyd de Gayer,^ gen. 

Carolus Lloyd Yauglian^ et Carolus Jones, armigeri, Balli 
at Justic. pacis Yil. et libtat de Pola. 

Deposition, 31 May, 17 James I, coram Thomas Juckes et 
Rico Lloyd, armigeris, duobs Justic. ad pacem D'ni Regis in 
com. pred. venit Maurice ap David de Chirbury, yom. 

Apud Mountgomery, 26 April, 17 James I. A deposition 
coram Edwardo Price de Kerry, armigero, et Edwardo Home, 
CPico, duobs Justic. etc. 

John Arneway,* sonne of Richard Arneway of Maesmawr 
(Llandinam), in the county of Montgomery, gen., was found 
dead in the river of Severn, near Caersws Bridge, the 7th 
November last. 



^ Of Gnnley. See Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 271, n. 1. He is pro- 
bably identical with " Roger Price de Gunley, gen." on a jury, 88th 
Eliz., and with "Roger ap Rees de Gwnley, gen.," who occurs on 
15th July, 39 Eliz. Mont Coll., vol. iv, p. 274 

2 "Ricus DD Lloid de Gayre generosus," probably his uncle, oc- 
curs in 29 Eliz. See "Miscellanea Historica," 29 Eliz., and 
" David ap Jenn ap DD Lloid de Gaer, gen'os," his brother, in 32 
Eliz. 

^ Charles Lloyd Vaughan was probably the sixth son of Charles 
Lloyd of Leighton, sheriff in 1 601, by Anne, daughter of Edward Her- 
bert of Montgomery, sheriff in 1568. 

^ It was probably his uncle John Arneway of Tregynon who was 
manager of the Blayney estates while the heads of the family, or at 
all events Sir Edward Blayney, first Baron Blayney, were holding 
military commands in the armies of Queen Elizabeth in Ireland. 
Joyce, daughter of John Arneway of Tregynon married Austyn ap 
Rees of Carno, on a jury 27th Eliz,, a member of the Blayney family, 
and Margaret, the sister of John Arneway of Tregynon married 
Owen ap Maurice ap Howel, who was living at Caersws in 1586. 
Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, pp. 277, 282. 

VOL. VI. T 



274 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Miscellanea Histoeica, 20 James I, 1622. 

Magna Sessioj tent apud Volam, 21 April , 20 James I, 
Endorsed " EdWus Kynaston, Ar. Vic." 

Noi'a MinistrOj et Justic. Pads, Dn'i Regis Com.' p'd. 

JoVes Ep'us Lincoln, Custos Magn. sigilli Anglie. 

Lionell Com. Midd._, Tbesaurarius, D'ni Kegis Anglie. 

Henricus Yicecomes Mandeville, D'ns P'sedens Consilii 
D'ni Regis. 

Ed^rus Comes Wigorn^ Custos Privat. sigilli. 

Lodovicus Dux Lenox, Senescallus Hospicii D'ni Regis. 

WilFmus Comes North'ton, P'sedens Consilii D'ni Regis in 
Principalitatem et Marcliie Wallie. 

Rictus Ep^us Assaph. 

Jacobus Whitelocke, miles, unus Justic. Cestrie Capital. 
Justic. D'ni Regis Mag. Sessio, Com. pM (Montgomery). 

Marmadukus Lloyd, miles, alter Justic. Cestrie, etc. 

Willimus Herbert, miles (Lord Powis). 

Ed'rus Herbert, miles (Lord Herbert of Chirbury) . 

Ed'rus FFoxe, miles (of Gwernygo). 

Rictus Hussey, miles (Criggion). 

Job'es Herbert, miles (Steward of Powis). 

Rob'tus Yaughan, miles (Llwydiarth). 

Daniel jp nee ( 

PFulco Price, i ^^°'''» Theolog. Doctor. 

Ed'rus Price de Newtowne, ar. 

Robtus Leigbton, ar. (Wattlesborough and Bausley). 

Ric'us Leighton, ar. (Gwernygo) . 

1 Dr. Daniel Price was a son of Thomas Price, vicar of St. Chad's, 
Shrewsbury, and the brother of Sampson Price, D.D., the Mawl of 
Heretics. Daniel Price was rector of Worthen, Salop, and of Llant- 
eglos in Cornwall, Dean of Hereford, chaplain to James I, and his 
sons prince Henry and Charles I ; and what was not so usual with 
the clergy of that day, a justice of the peace for the counties of Salop, 
Montgomery, and Cornwall, as is recorded in his epitaph at Worthen 
with the following inscription : — 

" Doctus Apud Nostras lovis Exemplaria Leges 
Per Reges Justis Connumerandus Erat 
Doctor Divinus Dignusq. Decore Decani 
Justicia Daniel vir precibusq. Dei." 
Arms. Or, a lion passant, sable ; impaling a St. George's cross, 
argent ; on a St. Andrew's cross, or : 

Crest. A lion rampant reguardant, sahle, holding a fleur de lys, 
or, date 1633. Mr. Blakeway says that he died on the 23rd Sep. 1631. 
History of Shrewsbury, vol. ii, p. 213, n. 4. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 275 



Jeukinus Lloyd, ar. (BertMlwyd). 
Thomas Juckes, ar. (Buttington). 
Charolus Herbert, ar. (Aston). 
Athelystanus Owen, ar. (Rhiwsaeson). 
Jollies Blayney, ar. (Grregynog). 
Matheus Price, ar. (Park). 
Rowland Owen, ar. (Llunllo). 
Thomas Kerry, ar. (Binweston). 
Arthurus Price, ar. (Vaynor). 
Ed'rus Price de Kerry, ar. (Glanmeheli). 
FFranciscus Herbert, ar. (Dolguog). 
Ed^rus Homes, ar. 



David Blayney et Randulphus Parry, gen^osi, Coronator's 
D^ni Regis com. pM. 

Jacobus Philippes, ar., escaetor, D'ni Regis. 

Matheus Price, ar., Maior de Llanidloes. 

Thomas Owen,^ gen., Maior de Machynlleth. 

Rictus Pryce, gen., Maior de Caersows. 

Joh^es Robertes et Ed^rus Moris, armigeri, balli et Justic. 
pacis vil. et lib^tat de Pola. 

Ric'us Morgan et Rictus Whittingham, gen'osi, balli de 
Monntgom^y. 

Gruffinus Kyffyn et Joh'es Percy, gen'osi, balli de Llanvil- 
linge. 

Noi'a Senescallor^s Dn'i Regis Com. jy'd, 

Joh'es Herbert, miles. Capital Senescallus, Percei Herbert, 
miles, et Baronett, D'ni sui de Powys. 

Herbertus Croft, miles. Cap. Sen., D'no Rege, D'ni sui de 
Kerry, Kedewen, Halcetor, et Mountgom'y. 

Thomas Williams,^ ar., Cap. Sen., Rico Hussey, miles, D'ni 
sui de Nethergorther. 

FFranciscus Barckley, ar.. Cap. Sen., Edro Purcell, ar., 
D'ni sui de Overgorther. 

Ed'rus Waties, ar., Cap. Sen., Rico Newport, milit., D'ni 
sui de Dewthor. 

Joh'es Reynolds, gen.. Cap. Sen., Rob'to Leighton, ar., 
D'ni sui de Baulseley. 

Joh'es Reynolds, gen.. Cap. Sen., Thome Kerry, ar., D'ni 
sui de Leighton. 

Ed'rus Lloyd, gen.. Cap. Sen., Willi'mo Owen, milit., D'ni 
sui de Arustley. 

1 Of Lunllo. ^ Of Willaston. 

T 2 



276 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Ed'rus Price, gen.. Cap. Sen., Willi'mo Owen, milit., D'ni 
sui de Keveyliog. 

Arthurus Powell, gen., Cap. Sen., Arthuro Price, ar., D'ni 
Bui de Teirtreff Escore (? Issa). 

* Griffiths, gen.. Cap. Sen., Ed'ro Kynaston, ar., D'ni 
sui de Dynas. 

Willi'raus Owen, gen. (?), Cap. Sen., Johanno Hay ward, 
milit., Dn^i sui de Stratm^cell. 

The following occur on the Grand Jury lists. 
Mattlieus Price,^ ar. 
Joh^es Wyn, gen. 
Gruffinus Jones de Llanvaire, gen. 
Eiceus ap Mathewe ap Richard, gen. 
Thomas Overall de Trefnanney, gen. 
David Lloyd ap leuan de Llanwoonog, gen. 
David ap leun Bedo, gen. 
Evanus David de Llangirrick,^ gen. 
Ed'rus Lloyd de Tyryminych, gen. 
Evanus Bowen de Collfryn,^ gen. 
Humffi'us Gruff, de Bronniarth, gen. 
Joh'es Lloyd de Dolobran, gen. 

'^Apud Dolgiog,^^ 7 Dec, 20 James T, 1622, a deposition 
was taken " coram ffrancisco Herbert, armigero." 

" Apud Tregynon,^^ 1 Dec, 20 James I, the same " coram 
John Blayney, ar., uno Justic ad pacem, etc'^ 

'* Apud Polam,^' 3 Feb., 20 James I, the same '^ coram Joh'i 
Herbert, milit., uno Justic. ad pacem, etc.'^ 

Miscellanea Histoeica, 21 James I, 1623. 

Summons " ad Magnam Sess., tenend. apud Polam, 14 Oct., 20 
James I, and addressed to the new sheriff. Endorsed Ric'us 
Price, Mil. Vic." 

Noi'a Magn. Inquis. • 

Jenkin Lloyd,* ar. 
Arthurus Price, ar. (Yaynor). 

1 He was of Park and the younger brother of Edward Price of 
Newfown, sheriff in 1615. 

2 He was of Clochfaen, in the parish of Llangurig (see " Miscel- 
lanea Historica," 4th James 1, n. 3), and the ancestor of the Chevalier 
Lloyd, K.S.G., of Clochfaen. 

^ Evan ap Owen, or Bowen, was probably the son of Owen Ed- 
wards of Collfryn, on the grand jury 43 Eliz. and 16 James I. See 
notes under those years in " Miscellanea Historica." 

* Of Berthllwyd, and sheriff in 1588 and 1606. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. '1^1 

Ed'rus Lloyd de Trevegloyes^ ar.^ 

Jacobus Phillips de Kevencough^ ar. 

Willim's Kyffin/ ar. 

Thomas Peers de Dolevorgan, ar. 

Eob^tus Wynne de Varchoell, gen. 

Eogerus Griffith de Tyerymynychj gen. 

Ed'rus Evans de Manavon, gen. 

Kic'us Shynton de Llanwoonoge, gen. 

Gruffinus Jones de Llettye gwilim, gen. 

Joh^es ap. Edw. ap Rees Lloyd de Llanvaire, gen. 

Ric'us Davies de Mountgomery, gen. 

Thomas ap Edmund de Llann'chvrochwell, gen. 

Thomas ap DD ap leun ap Hoell de Manavon, gen. 

Names on the list, hut not of the Grand Jury. 

Thomas Kerry ,^ ar. 

Joh'es Owen de Dolearthyn/ gen. 

Riceus Wynne de Llanwoothyn^ gen. 

^ He was probably Edward Lloyd of Talgarth, in the parish of 
Trefeglwys, who, as "Edwardus Lloyd de Talgarth, gen.," was on 
the grand jury 30th Eliz., 1588, son of " Roger Lloyd de Talgarth," 
on the grand jury 2nd Eliz., son of Humphrey Lloyd of Leighton, 
sheriff in 154-1. Edward Lloyd was the son of Roger Lloyd of Tal- 
garth by Margaret, daughter and heiress of Sir Morgan Herbert, 
Knt., eldest son of Richard Herbert of Montgomery, Knt., by his 
first wife, Jane. 

Edward Lloyd by Elizabeth, daughter of John ap Morgan Gwynn, 
sheriff in 1582, had Roger Lloyd of Talgarth, mentioned below. 
Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, pp. 301-12. 

Jenkyn Lloyd of Berthllwyd had a brother, who in 1588 entered 
the Middle Temple as ^^ Edward Lloyd o^ Berthllwyd" and who be- 
came a bencher in 1598. In 1590 he was on the grand jury as 
"Edwardus Lloyd de Berthlloyd, gen.',; and in 1595, 1597 as 
"Edwardus Lloyd de Llanidloes, gen." 

2 WiUiam Kyffin of Bodvach was the son of Grifiith Lloyd ap Lewis, 
alias Kyffin, of Bodvach (see " Miscellanea Historica," 14 James I, 
note 3). By Gwen, daughter of Gawen Vaughan ap Howell 
Vaughan ap David Lloyd of Glan-y-Llyn, he had, 1, John Kyffin of 
Bodvach ; 2, Griffith ; 3, Gawen ; 4, Harry ; 1, Margaret ; 2, Ales ; 
3, Jane ; 4, Elizabeth. Harl. MSB., 9864-5. 

3 Thomas Kerry of Binweston was the son of George Kerry, by 
Anne, daughter of Adam Ottley of Pichford. He married Mary, 
daughter of William Hopton of Ohirbury, whose grandfather, Ed- 
ward Hopton, had a grant of the site of Chirbury Priory. Thomas 
Kerry was sheriff in 161 8. 

* John Wynne ap Owen of Dolarddyn, see " Miscellanea Histo- 
rica," 17 James I. 



278 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Ed'rus Price de Gunley/ gen. 

Edward ap leun Jenkyn de Llanginog, gen. 

Owinus Derwas de Penryn Vechan/ gen. 

^ Edward Price of Gunley entered his pedigree at Lewys Dwnn's 
visitation of Montgomeryshire in 1609 (vol. i, p. 291). The original 
vellum pedigree, signed by Lewys Dwnn, is now at Gunley. It states 
that he was the son of Richard Price, the son of Richard Price ap 
Rees ap Morris ap Hugh ap Watkin, fifth in descent from Einion ap 
Seisyllt, who held in fee the lands between the rivers "Dyvi" and 
" Dewlas" at the close of the twelfth century. Confirmatory of this 
descent we find that Richard Price, junior, was living in the 13th 
Eliz., Richard Price, senior, in the 36th Henry VIII, and " Morris 
ap Hugh of Gwnle" in the 5th Henry VII. Edward Price had an 
uncle " Ed'us ap Richard ap Res de Ackley, gen.", present at the 
county assizes 13 Eliz., but this is his first appearance on the 
sheriff's files. The Chirbury register notices his burial thus : " 1643, 
Edwardus Price de Gunley sep. 4'to Aprilis." By Sina, daughter 
and co-heir of Evan ap Rhys ap Hugh of Rhiwiriarth he had Richard 
Price of Gunley, a captain in the army of the commonwealth, who 
died without issue ; and Edward Price of Pont-y-Porkyll, who even- 
tually succeeded to the Gunley estate. Both of the brothers were 
grand jurors and county magistrates under the commonwealth, 6 
Charles II, A.D. 1654. Edward Price of Pont-y-Porkyll married 
Bridget, daughter of John ap Richard of Hockleton, in the parish of 
Chirbury, " one of Cromwell's captains." " John ap Richard, se- 
nior, " and " John ap Richard, junior," were both rated, in 1604, for 
property in Middleton, and " John Pntchard, gent." for property in 
Hockleton in 1664 (Chirbury Becords). 

The account of the family in Burke's Landed Gentry is full of 
errors. Besides the omission of generations, Edward Price of Pont- 
y-Porkyll and his father are made to marry their mothers, and the 
same unnatural alliances are permitted to disfigure the family history 
for several ascending generations. Captain Richard Price is also 
said to have been sherifi" of the county in 1639, the year in which 
Richard Price of Gogerddan and Aberbechan, created a baronet in 
16 il, served that office. Edward of Pont-y-Porkyll was the immedi- 
ate ancestor of the present representative of this ancient fanaily, one 
of the few in the county having an accredited male descent from the 
close of the twelfth century, and the possession of the same family 
estate (Gunley) since the time of Henry VI. 

2 Owen ap John Derwas (ap Owen ap Griffith ap Reginald of 
Garth ap Sir Griffith Vaughan, Kn't Ban't) of Penrhyn Vechan, in 
the parish of Llandrinio, married Joyce, daughter of David Lloyd 
ap Jeffrey, on a jury 23 October, 13 Eliz., fifth in descent from 
Griffith Vaughan of Deuddwr, of the tribe of Brochwel Ysgithrog, 
living from 1406 to 1446. Owen Derwas and Joyce had a son, 
David Derwas of Penrhyn Vechan, who married Blanche, daughter 
of Edward ap Thomas of Hendrehen. See Richard Derwas, "Mis- 
cellanea Historica," 9 James I, and Note. Sari MSS., 9864-5. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 279 

Humflfridd. Lloyd de eadem, gen. 

Moriceus DD ap leun de Bulcharthon^ gen. 

Joh^es Eob'te de Kyvronyeth, gen. 

Owinus Arneway de Maysemawre, gen. (Llandinam) . 

'^^Apud Parke, penpryse, 24 Nov., 21 James I, coram 
Matheo Pryce, ar., uno Justic. pacis, etc., venit Edwardua 
Herbert of Llandynam, aged 40 yeares or thereabouts, sworne 
and examined, etc.^^ Ma. Pryce.^^ 

'^Apud Park penpryse in com. pred., 10 March, 21 James 
I, coram Matheo Pryce,^ ar., uno Justic. etc.,^-' deposition of 
Koger Lloid^ of Talgarth, in the said county, gent., aged 27 
yeares or thereabouts, sworne and examined touchinge the 
fellonious stealinge of one hive of bees from the garden of 
deponent, about the third day of this instant month, 1623.''^ 

Deposition taken, ^^Apud Pennant ultim die Martii, 22 
James I, coram Athelstane Owen^^ ar., uno Justiciar, ad 
pacem.^' 

Miscellanea Historica, 1 Charles I, 1625. 

Noi'a Ministro''m D'ni Regis Com. pd. Noi'a Justic. Pads, 
DnH Regis Com, pd., sexto die Maij, An, Reg, D*ns n^rs 
Carolij dei gra' * * frimo, 

* Lincoln Gustos Magn. sigilli Anglie unus Justic. pacis 
Com pM. 

Jacobus Dux Ley, Tresaurarius Anglie, alter Justic, etc. 

Henricus Yicecomes Mandevill, D'ns P'sedens Consilii D'ni 
Regis. 

Ed'rus Comes Wigom, Custos privati sigilli D'ni Regis. 

Williams Comes Northampton, P'sedens Consilii D^ni Regis 
infra principalitat. et M'chias sue Wallie. 



1 He was a younger brother of Edward Price of Newtown, sheriff 
in 1615. 

3 Roger Lloyd of Talgarth, in the parish of Trefeglwys, was fifth 
in descent from Sir Griffith Vaughan of Garth. His father Edward 
Lloyd of Talgarth, who appears on grand juries from the 30th to 
the 39th Elizabeth, married Elizabeth, daughter of John Gwynn, 
third son of Morgan Gwynn of Llanidloes, sheriff in 1582. Roger 
Lloyd was one of the seven gentlemen of Montgomeryshire selected 
at the Restoration for the knighthood of the Royal Oak. 

^ He was the eldest son of Morris Owen of Rhiwsaeson, sheriff in 
1612, and deputy sheriff to his father. 



280 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Ludovlcus Ep'us, Bangor. 

Thomas Chamberleine^ miles, unus Jiistic. D^ni Regis de 
Banco et Justic. Cestr. 

Marmaducus Lloyd, miles, alter Justic. Cestr. 

Perceus Herbert, miles, et Baronett. 

Williams Herbert, miles. 

Ed^rus Herbert, miles. 

Ed'rus FFox, miles. 

Ric'us Hussey, miles. 

Joh^es Herbert, miles. 

Daniell Price, Sacr. Theolog. Doctor. 

FFulke Price, Sacr. Theolog. Doctor. 

Joh'es Davies,^ Sacr. Theolog. Doctor. 

Sampson Eure, ar. 

Rob'tus Brooke, ar. 

Ed'rus Price, ar. 

Rob'tus Leighton,^ ar. (Wattlesborough Castle). 

Rictus Leighton, ar. (Gwernygo). 

Rowlandus Pugh, ar. (Mathavarn). 

Jenkinus Lloyd, ar. (Berthllwyd) . 

Thomas Juckes, ar. (Buttington). 

Ed'rus Vaughan,^ ar. (of Llwydiarth). 

Carolus Herbert, ar. (Aston). 

Athelystanus Owen, ar. (Rhiwsaeson). 

Mattheus Price, ar. (Park). 

Rowlandus Owen, ar. (Llunllo). 

Thomas Kerry, ar. (Binweston). 

Arthurus Price de Yaynor, ar. 

FFranciscus Herbert, ar. (Dolguog) 

Meredith Morgan,* ar. (Aberhavesp). 

Ed'rus Homes, CPicus. 

Noi'a Coronator, D'ni Regis Com. p*d. 
David Blayney. Humfifridus Davies. 

1 His first appearance on the roll of magistrates. 

2 Robert Leighton of Wattlesborough Castle, first appeared on 
our roll of county magistrates in 11th James I. He married Anne, 
daughter of Sir Edward Devereux, Knight of Bromwich Castle, 
buried at Alberbury in 1621, by whom he had Edward Leighton, 
grandfather of the first Baronet. See Mont. Coll., vol. v, p. 433. 
Robert Leighton died this year, 1625. 

^ He was the son of Owen Yaughan and the younger brother of 
Sir Robert Yaughan, of Llwydiarth, Knt. This is his first and last 
appearance on our rolls of county magistrates. He entered the 
Middle Temple in 1618. 

* He was sherifi* in 1635. 






PUBLIC OFFICERS. 281 

Owinus Edwards, ar., Escaetor' D'ni Eegis. 
Noi'a Maior Dni Regis. 

Eic'us Owen, gen., Maior vill et lib't de * (? Machynlleth). 
Jenkin Morus, gen., Maior vill et lib't de Llanidloes. 
Rictus Shenton, gen., Maior vill et lib^t de Cairsous. 

Magna Sessio, tent apud Polam, 11 May, 1 Charles I. 
'' Ed'rus Purcell, Ar. Vic,'' 

NoVa Jut, ad inquirend, pro. Dn'o Rege p' Com. p^d. 

Carolus Herbert de Aston,^ ar. 
Rogerus Griffiths de Tirymynych, gen. 
Riceus Lloyd de Cowney,^ gen. 
Derwas Griffith de Darowen, gen. 
Rowlandus Lloyd de Bronyood, gen. 
Riceus Jones de Moughtre, gen. 
Ed'rus Owen de Pen-yr-alt, gen. 
Carolus Price de Drevor, gen. 
Humffii-us Lloyd de Penrhyn Yechan, gen. 
Owinus Blayney de Ystymgwerne,* gen. 
Hoellus Jones de Penstrowd, gen. 
Thomas ap John de Llanbrynmaire, gen. 
Evanus David de Rhiwhiriarth, gen. 
Riceus Williams de Aberbechan, gen. 
Humffi-idus ap Thomas de Tyrymynych, gen. 
Humffi:*idus Richards de Trelydan,^ gen. 
Ric'us Davies de Kayhowell, gen. 
Ed'rus Purcell, Ar. Yic. 



1 Of Collfryn. (See " Miscellanea Historica," 16 James L) 

2 He was sheriff in 1608. 

^ See " Miscellanea Historica," 16 James I and note 
* Owen Blayney was probably a son of Richard Blayney of 
Ystymgwen, by Elizabeth, daughter of Richard ap Hugh of Math- 
avarn. Richard Blayney was fifth in descent from Evan Blayney of 
Gregynog, living in 1406, the chief of the Meiler Grug branch of 
the Tribe of Brochwel Ysgithrog. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 284. 

5 " Humphrey ap Richard ap Howell ap Humphrey ap Thomas 
Vychan of Meivod, coat of Sir Griff. Vychan, married Jane, daughter 
of Tho's Mytton of Pont ys Cowryd and had John Humphrey, Robert 
Humphrey, Rees, Gaenor, and Lowry." Harl M8., 1936, commen- 
cing at p. 17. His father "Ricus Howells de trelydan, gen." was 
on the grand jury in the 43 Eliz. " Ricus ap ho'U ap Lewis de 
Trelydan, gen.," was on the grand jury, 39 Eliz. 



282 MISCELLANEA HISTOKICA. 

S'cde Jm\ 
Jollies Price de Pennarth^ gen. 
Riceus Jones de Tregynon, ^en. 
Riceus Gryfith Cadd'r de Llanwonoge^ gen. 
Thomas Morris de Aberhavesp^ gen. 
Joh'es ap Edward ap Rees Lloyd de Llanvair, gen, 
Mauriceus David de Llanwonog, gen. 
Hugo Lewis de Aston, gen. 
Mauricius Jones de Dythienith, gen. 
Oliverus Owen de Gungrogvawr, gen. 
Jenkinus Cadd^r de Llanwonog, gen. 
Joh'es Powell Corbit de Mellington/ gen. 
Joh'es David de Kenchmod, yom. 



The following were presented as Recusants by John, Bishop 
of St. Asaphj before the Justices of assize at Pool, 14th May, 
1625. 

Gildsfielde parish. 

Martha,^ the weife of Roger Griffith of Tirymynich, gent. 

Catharine,^ the wife of David Lloyd, gent. 

EFnor,^ the late wife of Edw'd Porter, gent. 

John ffeild and Catharine his wife. 

Catherine, the wife of Adam Reignolds. 

Elizabeth Phillipes, als Davies. 

Joyce, the mayde of El'nor Porter. 

Presented by the churchwardens as having absented them- 
selves from the " parishe church for the last six monthes.-" 

The Grand Jury are likewise to enquire of the following 
persons convicted of '^ Recusancie.'' 

Richard ap William of Gungrogvawr and Joane his wife. 

1 He was probably the John Powell Corbett who rescued Richard 
Herbert of Montgomery, father of Edward, Lord Herbert of 
Chirbury, and prevented his assassination in the churchyard of 
Llanerfyl. See Mo7it. Coll., vol. iii, p. 365, n. 1. 

2 She was the daughter of Humphrey Lloyd of Great Hem in the 
parish of Forden, ap Francis Lloyd, third son of Humphrey Lloyd 
of Leighton, sheriff in 1541. Martha's mother was Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Owen, Alderman of Salop, descended from 
Meilyr Grug. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 307. 

3 " 1631. Catherine ux. David Lloyd vid. sep. 28 Feb." Ibid. 
* "1625. Elinora Porter relict. Edri Porter de Tyrymymych. 

Buried 30 July." (Guilsfield register.) Howell Porter of Tyrymy- 
nych was steward of Overgorther and Tiertref 35 Eliz. Mo7it. Coll.^ 
vol. iv, p. 259. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 283 

Thomas Herbert of Trallwng Gollwyn, gent. 

Anthony Bayley of the same, yom. 

Jane Smallman of the same. 

Margaret Sanford, the wife of leun ap Owen of Collvryn^ 

gen. 
Edward ap DD ap Thomas of Burgedin. 
David ap Thomas Vaughan of Trallog Collen. 
Grace, the wife of Anthony Bayhe. 

On the list J hut not of the Grand Jury. 
Bowlandus Pughe de Mathavarne,, ar. 
Matheus Price de Park, ar. 
Rowlandus Owen de Machenlleth, ar. 
Ric'us Pugh de Dolecorslwyn/ gen, 
Evanus Glyn de Glyn,^ gen. 
Lloyd Piers de Trowskoed/ gen. 
Thomas ap Humphrey ap Hugh de Llanwrin, gen. 
David Powell de Weston, gen. 
Owinus Edwards de Collfryn, gen. 
Rogerus Lloyd de Talgarth, gen. 
Wythian Jones de Trewythian, gen. 
David Lloyd de Bryngwyn, gen. 
Thomas Pughe de Rhiteskin,* gen. 
Samuell Edwards de Castellwright,^ gen. 
Rowlandus Oackley de Bachelldre,^ gen. 
Reginaldus Clarke de eadem, gen. 

1 In the parish of Cemmes. See Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 271. 

2 Son of Morgan Glynne, and sheriff in 1628. 

3 Sheriff in 1636-7. Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 408. 

^ His father Jasper ap Hugh of Rheteskyn was on a grand jury 
list 10 James I, see note. 

5 His father John Edwards of Castellwright was on a grand jury 
list 10 James 1, see note. The latter was ninth in descent from Sir 
Robert ap Madoc, Knight, Lord of Overs, Middleton, Brompton, 
Weston Madoc, Mucklewick, Broughton and Home in a.d. 1200. 
(Eyton's Ant. of Shropshire^ vol. xi, p. 85, etc., and Mont. Coll.f vol. 
vi, pp 62-4.) 

^ As the Oakleys of Oakley neglected to enter their pedigree at 
the Herald's visitation of Salop in 1623, it is not easy to connect the 
above Rowland with the family. He was not improbably a son of 
Rowland Oakley of Oakley, in the parish of Bishop's Castle, who 
died in October, 1622. The latter was the grandfather of William 
Oakley of Oakley, sheriff of Shropshire in 1666. Blake way's Sheriffs, 
p. 132. We find " Edrus Oakley de Bacheldre, gen.," on the grand 
jury 15 James I, and " Ricus Bemmoad de Bacheldre, gen." on 
the grand jury 43 Eliz. 



284 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Ric'us Lloyd de Mouglitre/ gen. 
David Owen de Llanwonog/ gen. 
Riceus Jones de Tregynon, gen. 
David Morgan de Penegoes, gen. 
Jenkinus Mores de Maesmawr, gen. 
Rictus Lloyd de Bachaythlon, gen. 
Lodowicus Evans de Machenlleth/ gen. 
Meredith ap David de Llanwrin, gen. 
Jenkinus Owen de Dole-y-llys/ gen. 
Gruffinus ap Richard de Kernes, gen. 
Mauri cius Powell de Llanwonog/ gen. 
Evanus David ap Owen de Carno/ gen. 
Evanus David de Llangerig/ gen. 
Ed'rus Lloyd de Tyrymynych, gen. 
Evanus ap Hughe de Collfrin, gen. 
Rob'tus Edward de Beriw, gen. 
Willi^mus Mathewes de Mellington, gen. 
Thomas Everall de Trevnanney, gen. 

1 See Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 324, note 3. His father David 
(Lloyd) Morgan de Moughtre, gen., was on the grand jury 39 Eliz. 
see note. 

2 See Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 283. 

2 Lewis Evans was the son of Evan ap Howell, twelfth in descent 
from Einion ap Seysyllt, lord of Mathavarn, by Jane, daughter and 
co-heir of Meredith, ap Hugh, ap Evan of Mathavarn. By Sina, 
daughter of John Morgan, Lewis Evans had Morgan Evans, Evan 
Evans, Edward Evans, and Einion Evans. Lewys Dwnn vol. i, p. 306. 

* Jenkin Owen of D61-y-llys, in the parish of Llanidloes, errone- 
ously styled of Cefn-yr-Hafodau, in the parish of Llangurig (see 
Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 233,) was the son of " Owen, living in 1599, 
ap David, ap Thomas, of Llys, gent." by Margaret, daughter and co- 
heir of Griffith Gwyn. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 309. " Edd. Owens 
of Dole-y-llys, gent." probably his son, was on a jury list of the Cth 
Charles n, 1654. 

^ " Maurice ap Howell ap Maurice of Caersws gent." was the son 
of Howell ap Maurice by Joned, daughter of Griffith, ap Howell, ap 
leuan Blayney of Gregynog. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 282. 

^ Evan was the eldest son of David ap Owen ap Evan ap Llewelyn 
ap Meredith ap Evan Lloyd ap Einion ap leva Goch ap Griffith Carno 
ap Howell (ap leva) Lord of Arwystli, who took Walwyn's Castle, 
in Cyfeiliog, in 1162, who died in 1185, and was buried at Ystrad- 
fflur. Evan married EHzabeth, daughter of Richard ap Howell ap 
David ap Howell David Llwyd of Llanwnog. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, 
p. 272,-3 and notes. 

7 Evan ap David Llwyd of Clochfaen, in the parish of Llangurig, 
was on the grand jury 4 James I. See note. He was the ancestor 
of the Chevalier Lloyd, K.S.G., of Clochfaen. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 285 



Joli'es Ponryn de Llandrinio, gen. 
Rictus Morgan de Bronyod, gen. 
Richard ap Roger fiPoulke de Burgedin, gen. 
Richard ap Roger of Gungrog Yawr, gen. 
Thomas Meredd. of Glascoed, gen. 
Meredith David of Disserth/ gen. 
Thomas ap Humphrey of Garth, gen. 



A deposition taken ^^ coram Johane Lloyd de Dolobran, Ar'o 
uno Justic. ad pacem Com. pred.^^ (Montg.) 

Miscellanea Historica, 2 Charles I^ 1626. 

Magna Sess, JDn'i Regis tent, apud Polam, vicesimo tertio die 
Octohris, an. reg. Garoli secundo, 1626. 
Noi'a Ministrorn et Justic. pads D'ni Regis. 
Thomas Coventrie^ mileSj D'ns Custod. Magn. Sigil. Anglie, 
nnus Justic pacis. 

^ Meredith ap David of Dysserth, in the parish of Pool, appears 
on our county grand juries on several occasions between this year 
and the 14th Charles II, a.d. 1662, when we again find " Meredith 
David de Dysserth, gen." on the grand jury. On the 16th IN'ovem- 
ber, 1688, " Meredith Davies of Dysserth in the county of Montgom- 
ery gent'n," his son Hugh Davies, and Thomas Bray of Marton, in 
the parish of Chirbury, were parties to a settlement on the marriage 
of the above Hugh Davies with Hester, daughter of Thomas Bray. 
The issue of this marriage was John Davies, born at Dysserth in 
1691. The latter died in 1762, leaving three daughters, co-heiresses, 
one of whom was the mother of John Davies Corrie of Dysserth, 
Esq. The younger married the Rev. William Thornes, vicar of 
Alberbury, the member of an ancient Shropshire family {ex. inf., 
M. 0. Jones, F.SA). Mr. Corrie's maternal ancestor Hester Bray, 
baptized at Chirbury on the 15th January, 1 658, and the celebrated 
Dr. Thomas Bray, founder of the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts, baptized at Chirbury on the 2nd May, 1658, 
were brother's children. Maria, sister of Hester Bray, married the 
Rev. Jonathan Edwards, rector of Westbury, fifth son of Sir Thomas 
Edwards, Knight and Baronet. Their son Thomas Edwards, Rector 
of Greet and vicar of Chirbury, was the father of the Rev. Sir 
Thomas Edwards, 7th Baronet, great-grandfather of Sir Henry 
Hope Edwards, Bart. 

The Bray family were of ancient standing in the parish of Chirbury. 
" Thomas Bray of Marton," third in descent from David Bray, living 
in 1450, married Gwen, second daughter of Oliver Lloyd, lord of 
the manor of Marrington, in the parish of Chirbury. In 1 564 he, 
with his brother-in-law Richard Lloyd and others, witnessed the 
" anciente tythe customes " of the parish of Chirbury. Mont. Coll.y 
vol. vi, pp. 113, 123, note 1. 



286 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Jacobus Comit Marleburgh, Thes. D'ni Reg. 

Henricus Comit Manchester, D'ns P'sidens Consilii D'ni 
Regis. 

Ed'rus Comes Wigorn, etc. 

Williams Comes Northampton, etc. 

Ludovicus Ep'us, Bangor. 

Ed^rus D'mus Herbert. 

Jobannis Bridgman, miles, Just. Cestr. et Magni Sess. D'ni 
Regis Com. p'd (Montgomery). 

Marmaducus Lloyd, miles, alter Justic. Cestr. 

Perceus Herbert, miles et Baronett. 

William Herbert, miles. 

Here the roll is partly destroyed. 
Mayors. 

Thomas Owen, gen. * de Machenlleth. 

Matheus Price, ar., gen. * de Llanidlos. 

Thomas Yaughan, gener. * de Caersowse. 

Noi'a Ballivor. 
JoVes Parry et Humfridus Jones,^ ar., Balli et Justic. pacis 
infra villa et lib'tat de Pola. 

The rest illegible. 
Signed Rowland Pugh, Ar. Vic. 

Magna Inquis. 
Thomas Juckes de Buttington, ar. 
Ed'rus Wynne de Garth, ar. 
Thomas Piers de Dolvorgan, ar. 
Derwas Griffiths de Kernes, gen. 
Rowland Lloyd de Llandyssil, gen. 
Richard Morgan de Bronirod, gen. 
WilHam Herbert de Dithienith, gen. 
Thomas ap John de Llanbrynmaire, gen. 
Evanus David ap Owen de Penstrod, gen. 
Joh'es Garbette de Cletterwood,^ gen. 

^ Humphrey Jones, of Welsh Pool, ap John ap Llewelyn ap John 
ap Guttun ap Jenkin ap Evan ap Madock ap Howell ap David ap 
Griffith ap Trahairn ap Pasgen. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 330. 

2 John Garbett of Cletterwood in the parish of Buttington, 
married Margaret, daughter of John Bishop of Kerry, by whom he 
had : i. Richard Garbett of Talybont, or Buttington, who married 
Margaret, daughter of Charles Lloyd of Great Hem, Forden, son of 
Humphrey Lloyd, ap Francis Lloyd ap Humphrey Lloyd, sheriif in 
1541. II. Edward Garbett. iii. Thomas Garbett. iv. Philip Garbett. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 287 

Rictus Shenton de Llanwonog, gen. 

Joh^es ap Edward ap Rees Lloyd de Llanvair^ gen. 

Jollies Phillips de Ederton, gen. 

Morgan Griffitlis de Penegos, gen. 

Owinus Jervice de Hydan, gen. 

Humffridus Parry de Llan^chydoll,,^ gen. 

Hugh ap Richard de Gaer, gen. 

Rowland Pughe^ Ar. Yic. 

On the list, hut not of the Grand Jury, 

fFrances Herbert de Dolgiog, ar. 
Athelustan Owen de Rhiwsayson, ar. 
Meredith Morgan de Aberhavesve, ar. 
Joh'es Lloyd de Dolobran/ ar. 
James Phillips de Kelynog, ar. 
Richard Lloyd de Bskirgeiliog, gen. 
Joh^es Wynne de Dolarthyn^ gen. 
Willi^mus Kyflfyn de Bodvach^ gen. 
Ed^rus Wynne de Llanwothin^ g^^' 
Jenkin Owen de Llanidloes/ gen. 
Jenkin Mores de Maesmawr^ gen. 

Harl. If 8., 1936, fo. 17, et seq. The house in which he resided is 
still called " Garbett's Hall," but is occupied as a farm-house. 

1 He was the son of Harry ap Hugh by Catherine daughter of 
" Roger Lloyd of Leighton, Esq." ap John Lloyd, natural son of 
David Lloyd of Leighton, ap Sir Griffith Vaughan, Knt. Ban't. 
(Gedwyn M.S.) His great-grandson Humphrey Parry of Llanerch- 
hudol was living in 1689, and married Martha, daughter of " Kyffin 
Lloyd of Pool, Esq." Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 332. 

2 He was succeeded at Dolobran by his son Charles Lloyd. His 
daughters were Margaret, married to " Robert Griffiths of Lasgwint "; 
and Elizabeth, married to " lo'n DD ap Hugh of Llanvair in Kaer 
Einion." Charles Lloyd of Dolobran married Mary, daughter of 
Edward Stanley of Knockin, by whom he had John Lloyd, 
Thomas Lloyd, Arthur Lloyd, Mary, Ellen, and Dorothy. 
Harl MS.f 1936. " Charles Lloyd of Dolobran gent." was presented 
in 1662, and at subsequent assizes, for nonconformity. He became 
a member of the Society of Friends, and on his refusal to take the 
oaths of supremacy and allegiance his estates were subject to a pre- 
munire. He is said to have endured with patience and magnanimity 
a ten years' imprisonment in Welsh Pool gaol. His great grandson 
Sampson Lloyd was the father of Charles Lloyd, Esq., banker, of 
Birmingham, who died 16th January 1828, aged 80. (Richard 
Llwyd's Topographical Notices of Montgomery shire, p. 292.) 

^ Of Dol-y-Llys in the parish of Llanidloes. See " Miscellanea 
Historica," 1 Ch. I, note. 



288 MISCELLANEA HtSTORICA. 

Evan Bowen de Collfryn, gen. 
JoVes Tilston de Mathravall, gen. 
Reinald George de Uppington, gen. 
Thomas Evans de Balseley, gen. 
Rees Lloyd de Cownwey, gen. 

On Juries. 
Humffrey Jones of Coome, gen. 
Joh'es Vaughan de Mivod, gen. 
Morgan Evans de Llangerig/ gen. 
David Lloyd Jeffrey de Castellmoch, gen. 
Lod'wicus Evans de Castellmoch, gen. 
ffranciscus Griffiths de ffordyn, gen. 
JoVes Dekin de Mathraval, gen. 
Ric'us Rogers de Gynynog, gen. 
Thomas ap Owen de Broniarth, gen. 
Silvanus Scarlet de Trewerne, gen. 
Hugo Lloyd de Domgay/ gen. 
Joh'es ap Richard de Garthmill, gen. 
Evanns Griffith de Tredderwen, gen. 
Lodowicus Lloyd de Gwestyd, gen. 
David ap Oliver de Garth, gen. 
Owinus Evan de Pentirch/ gen. 
Rictus David de Caehowell, gen. 
Thomas Jones de Varchoell, gen. 
David ap Evan ap Owen de Gwerynog ucha^ gen. 

Miscellanea Historica, 3 Chaeles I, 1627. 

Magna 8ess. tent apud Polam, vicesimo tertio die Ajorilis anno 
tertio Garoli Regis, etc. 

Noi'a Ministro'm Bom. Regis Oom. 'p'd. 
Noi'a Justic. jpacis, etc. 
Tjx officio magistrates same as 2 Charles I. 
Percens Herbert, miles et Baronett. 
William Herbert, miles. 

1 See Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 239. 

2 His contemporary in the Domgay pedigree, Harl. MSS. 9864-5, 
was " John Lloyd, ap Griffith ap Thomas ap Domgay, who married 
Jane, daughter of Rich'd Williams of Ruthyn, Esqre." 

^ Evan, ap Lewis ap David ap Bedo ap Evan Vaughan, of Pentyrch 
in Llanvair, married Jane, daughter of John ap Evan ap Dalkin Ddu. 
Their children were Owerij Maurice, Florence, and Margarets Lewys 
Dwnn, vol. i, p. 286. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 289 

Ed'rus FFoxe, miles. Carolus Herbert^ ar. 

Johannes Herbert, miles. Matheus Price, ar. 

Daniel Price, Sacr. Theo.Doct. Arthurus Price de Vaynor, ar. 

et Decan. Heref. ffranciscus Herbert, ar. 

Ffoulkonis Price, Sacr. Theo. Evanus Glynne, ar. 

Doct. Meredith Morgan, ar. 

Sampson Eure, ar. David Morris,^ ar. (Maesmawr 

Timotheus Turner, ar. in Llandinam). 

Joh'es Price de Newtowne, ar. Lloyd Piers, ar. (Maesmawr in 

Eowland Pugh, ar. Guilsfield). 

Jenkinus Lloyd, ar. Ed^^us Homes, ar. 
Thomas Juckes, ar. 

Same Coroners as 2 Charles I. 
Thomas Pieers, ar., Escaetor, D'ni Regis. 

Noi*a Maior^m. 

Rictus Meredith, gen., maior vill. et lib. de Machynlleth. 
Owen Gwyn, gen. * de Llanidloes. 
Thomas Paxton^ gen. * de Caersowes. 

Noi'a Ball, lihtat Com. jp^d. 

Thomas Langford et David Lloyd, ar.. Ball, et Justic. ad 
pacem infra vil. et libt. de Pola. 

Joh'es Shrawley et Ric'us Davies, gen'osi. Ball, de Mount- 
gomery. 

Carolus Yaughan (?) et Galfridus (?) Lewis, gen'osi^ Ball, de 
Llanvillinge. 

Rictus Powell et Rictus Price, gen'osi. Ball, de Nova Villa. 

Noi'a Senescall. D'ni Regis Com. p'd. 

Joh'es Herbert, miles, Cap. Sen. ; Percei Herbert, milit. et 
Baronett, Domij sui de Powys. 

Herbertus Croft, miles. Cap. Sen. ; Percei Herbert, etc., 
Domii sui de Kerry, Kedewen et Montgomery. 

Rowlandus Pugh, ar.. Cap. Sen. ; Hen. Purcell, ar., Domii 
sui de Talerthuge. 

* Price, ar.. Cap. Sen. ; ffranciscus Herbert, ar., firmar. ; 
WilFmo Owen, milit., D'mi sui de Keveylioge. 

Evanus Glyn, ar.. Cap. Sen.; Bd^-o Lloyd, ar., firmar.; 
WilPmo Owen, milit. de Yssekoed Arustley. 

David Blayney, gen.. Cap. Sen. pM. ; Ed'ro Lloyd, {rest 
illegible) y * Dyther. 

^ See " Miscellanea Historica", 9 James I and note. 
VOL. VI. U 



290 MISCELLANEA HISTORIC A. 

Eic'us Griffith, gen. Cap. Sen.; Andrea Corbett, milit. 
firmar. ; Ric'o Hussey, milit., D'mij sui de Nethergorther. 

FFranciscus Barkley, ar.. Cap. Sen.; Ed'ro Purcell, ar., 
D'mij sui de Overgorther. 

Ryc'us Olivers, gen.. Cap. Sen. ; Ed'ro Leigliton, ar., D'mij 
sui de Bausley. 

* Jones, ar.. Cap. Sen. ; Ed'ro Waties,i ar., D'mii sui 
de Leigliton. 

* Morgan, gen.. Cap. Sen. ; * Owen Price, D'mii 
sui de Carno. 

* * gen.. Cap. Sen. ; Arthuro Price, ar., D'mij sui 
de Tyretref. 

Willi'ms Gruffiths, gen.. Cap. Sen. ; Ed'ro Kynaston, ar., 
D'mij sui de Dynas. 

Tkomas Rogers,^ gen., Cap. Sen. ; Joh'i Heyward, milit., 
Dmij sui de Stretm'cell. 

* * Cap. Sen. ; David Price,^ gen., D'my sui de 
Llanllygan. 

Noi'a Ball. Hundred. 
Willi'ms Pughj gen.. Ball, de Machynlleth. 

* David, gen., * de Llanidloes. 

* Owen, gen., de Nova Villa. 
Georgius Price, gen., de Montgomery. 
Ric'us Peerce, gen., Cawres. 
Davidis Peerce, gen., de Pola. 
Humffridus Morgan, gen., de Deythur. 
Joh'es Humffrayes, gen., de Llanvyllinge. 
Jacobus Davies, gen., de Mathravall. 

Noi'a Jur. Mag. 
Evanus Glynne de Glynne, ar. 
Thomas Peers de Kery, ar. 

^ Judge "Waties had recently purchased the Leighton estates from 
the Lloyd family. The manorial rights, associated with those of 
Binweston, and originally held together as one Knight's fee under 
the Barony of Caus, were probably vested in Thomas Kerry of 
Binweston, sheriff in 1618. 

2 " Thomas Rogers de Varchoel gen." on the grand jury 16 James 
I (see note 8 under that year in Miscellanea Historica) was the son 
of Thomas ap Roger of Burgedin. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Morris Wynn of Moeliarch. {Add MSS., 9864,5). 

3 He was the son of William Price of Llanllygan, by Jane, 
daughter of William Whittingham. See " Miscellanea Historica," 
10 James I, and note. He married Bridget, daughter of Edward 
Price of Gunley. {Add MS. 9865 under " Llanllugan.)" 



PUBLIC OFFICETIS. 291 

Withan Jones de Trewythan, gen. 
Rowlandus Lloyd de Llandusill, gen. 
Johannis Pughe de Coome AdcoU^ (?) gen. 
Derwas Griffith, gen. 
Thomas Lloyd de Sylvaine, gen. 
Humflfridus Griffith de Broniarth, gen. 
Thomas ap John de Llanbrenmaire, gen. 
Griffinus Morgan de Kaihilon, gen. 
Riceus Jones de Tregynon, gen. 
Morganus Edwards de Pentirch, gen. 
Ed'rus ap Richard. 

Riceus ap Howell ap Rydds de Carno, gen. 
Hugh ap Evan de Llanbrinmaire, gen. 
Evan ap Mathewe de Kery,^ gen. 
Ric'us Ingram de Llanydlos, gen. 

Signed, Ric'us Pugh, Ar. Vic. 

Magna Sess. tenf apud Folam, primo die Odohris an. Caroli 

tevtio, 1627. 

Noia Magn. Jur. 

Lloyd Pieres de Maesmaure, ar. 
Rowlandus Lloyd de Llandyssell,^ gen. 
Derwas Gruffith de Abergweidol, gen. 
David Lloyd de Bryngwyn, gen. 
William Roberts de Domgaye, gen. 
Meredith ap David de Glyncayrige, gen. 
Lodowicus Evans de Hengwin, gen. 
Rob'tus Edwards de Beriow^e, gen. 
Willi^mus Thomas de Gwerneybulch, gen. 
Gruffinus Morgan de Penegoes, gen. 
Morganus Edwards de Pentyrch,^ gen. 
Rob^tus Jones de Llanvaire, gen. 
Hugo Jones de Llanginiowe, gen. 
Ed^rus Polhon de Varchoell, gen. 
Ed'rus ap RichM de Llanvaire, gen. 



^ He was probably the son of Mathew ap Watkin of Kerry, by 
Mary, daughter of Charles Pryce. Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 319. 

2 Rowland Lloyd of Gwern y Buarth or Bronywood, in the parish 
of Llandyssil, was of the Meilir Gryg branch of the tribe of Brochwel 
Ysgithrog, Prince of Powys. (Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 300.) By 
" Jane, v Tho's Jones p'son of Llangynyw, " he had Richard Lloyd, 
Mary, and Grace. Harl. MSS., 1936/o. 17 et seq. 

^ See Lewys Dwnn under " Melin y Gryg", vol. i, p. 286. 

u 2 



292 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Hugo ap leu^n ap Owen de Tavolwernej gen. 
David ap Richard de Castell, gen. 
Rictus Pugh, Ar. Vic. 

Noi^a Ball. vill. et liht, 

Oliverus Lloyd et Humffridus Gruffitlis^ armigeri, Balli et 
Justic. pacis de Pola. 

Thomas Price et Rictus Whittingham, gen'osi^ Ball, de 
Mountgomery. 

Carolus Vaughan et Gruffinus Lewis^ gen'osi, Balli de Llan- 
vyllinge. 

Rictus Powell et Rictus Price, gen^osi. Ball, de Nova Villa. 

Miscellanea Histoeica, 4 Charles I, 1628. 

10 Feb., 4 Charles I. A writ of covenant between FFrancis 
Herbert, armiger, et Abigail, uxori ejus, and William Lewis 
Anwill, armiger, concerning lands in Tavologe. 

Examination of the aforesaid Abigail, taken at Dolgeeoge, 
on the 13th Feb., before Edward Herbert and Richard Evans. 

Witnessed and signed by Samuell Herbert, Edward Lloyd, 
F. (?) Herbert, Abigail Herbert. (Record Office). 

Miscellanea Historica, 5 Charles I, 1629. 

8 April, 5 Charles I. A writ of covenant between Roger 
Price, gen., and Thomas Mathewes, gen., concerning lands, 
etc., in Ackley, Gunley. (Record Office). 

Miscellanea Historica, 8 Charles I, 1632. 

Magna Sessio tent, ajpud Polam (29 October, 8 Charles I). 
Roll signed, Jacobus PhilUjoes, Ar. Vic. 
Same magistrates as 9 Charles I, 
* Glynne et Humfridus Davies, gen'osi, Coronato^res 
D^ni Regis Com. (Montgomery) p'd. 
Joh'es Vaughan, gen., Escaetor. 

Noia Maiorm et Ball. vill. et libt, 
Ed'rus Lloyd, gen., maior de Llanidloes. 
Thomas Lewis, gen., maior de Caersous. 
Carolus Jones et Ric'us Griffiths, armigeri, Balli et Justic. 
pacis de Pola. 

Thomas Price et Ric'us Whittingham,^ gen'osi, Balli de 
Mountgomery. 

The Whittiughams were of Court Caldemore near Montgomery. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 293 

Joh^es Lloyd, ar., et Ed'rus Brees, gen.^ Balli de Llanvil- 
linge. 

Noi^a Senescall. D'ni Regis. 

Lloyd Piers, ar.. Cap. Sen.; Percei Herbert, milit. et 
Baron., D^ni sui de Powys. 

Joh'es Blayney, ar.. Cap. Sen. ; Perceo Herbert, milit. et 
Baron., D^ni sui de Kery, Kedewen, Halcetor, et Montgomery. 

Evanis Glynn, ar., Cap. Sen. ; Ed'ro Lloyd, milit., firmar. 

WilPo Owen, milit., D'mii sui de Keveliock, Arustley. 

Jacobus Lloyd, gen., Cap. Sen. ; Ed^ro Lloyd, milit., firmar. 

Will'mo Owen, milit., D'ni sui de Arustley Iscoed. 

The Grand Jury the 2 daye of November, 1632, doe present 
the p^sons under named for Kecusants of the p^ish of Guild- 
ffeild in the county of Montgomery. 

Matthew Porter of Tirymynech,^ gen. 

Frances wife of Edd. foxe,^ Esq'r. 

Martha the wife of Roger Grutfyth of Tirymynech, gent. 

Mary the wife of Charles Gruffyth, gen. 

Catherine the wife of David Lloyd of Tirymynich, gent. 

John ffield, smyth, and Cath. his wife. 

Clement field. Christian the mother of John field. 

Anne the wife of Francis Thomas. 

Presented ye 26 day of October, Ano. Regni Caroli nunc 
Anglie octavo. Per me 

Jo. Davies, Cler. Curat, ibm. 

Noi'a Mag. Jar, 
Joh^es Blayney de Tregynan, ar. 
David Powell de Weston, gen. 
Riceus Williams de Llanwithen, gen. 
Riceus Jones de Moughtre, gen. 
Thomas ap Owen de Broniarth, gen. 
Thomas ap Edmond de Pola, gen. 
RobHus Edds de Beriowe, gen. 
Willi'ms Lewis de Llansanfraide, gen. 
Joh^es ap Edward ap Ris Lloyd de Llanvaire, gen. 

He was probably a son of Edward Whittingham, deputy sheriff in 
1605 and M.P. for the Borough of Montgomery from 1603-1611. 
See Mon. Coll., vol. iv. j?. 270, note. 

^ He was probably the son of Edward and Elenor Porter, proscribed 
in 1 Charles I, see Miscellanea Historica and note. 

2 He was of Rhydheskyn, and was the second son of Sir Edward 
Fox, Knight, of Gwernygo, sheriff in 1617, by his second wife, Eliza- 
beth Somerset. ** 



294 MISCELLANEA HISTOKICA. 

Hugh Cadd'r de Churclistocke, gen. 
Jollies Powell de Weston, gen. 
Owinus Jervice de Hudan ucha, gen. 
Owinus leuan de Llanginiow, gen. 
Evanus Meredith de Mathravall, gen. 
David ap Jeffrey de Domgay, gen. 
Carolus Powell de Hurdley, gen. 
Joh^es Cadd'r de Castellwright, gen. 

Jacobus Phillipps, Ar. Vic. 

On the lid, hut not of the Grand Jiiri/. 
Thomas Wynne de Garth/ gen. 
Lumley Williams de Ystymcolwyne/ gen. 
Ed^rus Powell de eadem, gen. 
Walterus Grijffiths de Llanvechain,^ gen. 



^ Thomas Wynne of Garth, in the parish of Guilsfield, was the son 
of Edward Wynne, on the grand jury 16 James I. See " Miscellanea 
Historica" and note. Thomas Wynne married Martha, daughter of 
Arthur Harries of Cundover, in the County of Salop, and brother of Sir 
Paul HsiTries, first Baronet of Boreatton, by whom he had, i, Edward 
Wynn, baptized at Guilsfield 7 February, 1620. He married Mary, 
daughter of "David Edwards of Redkiffa in London, gent." ii, Dudley 
Wynn, baptized at Guilsfield 9 February 1624. We was of Llan- 
fyllin and an attorney to the Council of the Marches of Wales. He 
married " Mary, daughter of Oliver Price Kyfronydd gent., or, a 
lion ramp, gules, with a bordure engrailed of the 2nd," by whom he 
had Charles and William, twins, living in 1676, Margaret, Eliza- 
beth and Martha, all living in 1676. iii, Richard Wynne, who settled 
at Barbadoes. iv, Arthur Wynne, o.s.p. v, Thomas, son of Thomas 
Wynne, gent, baptized at Guilsfield 16 September, 1630, o.s.p. i, 
Hannah, o.s.p. ii, Margaret Wynne " wife to John Jones of Park 
Eyton inErbistock, gent., both living 16 June, 1677," by whom she 
had Martha Jones, who married " Edd. Morris of Cae Mawre in Glyn 
Ceiriog, gent. January 2nd, — 82, descended from Tudor Trefor. 
Armor. Party per bend sinister ermine and ermines, a lion ramp, or, 
armed gules.^^ The Genealogie of the Ancient and ivorsMpH family of 
Wynyie of Garth * hy John Salashury de ErhistocJce, Jan. 16, 1677. 

2 Lumley Williams was the son of Henry Williams of Cochwillan, 
(who sold the latter estate to the Earl of Pembroke, by whom it was 
afterwards sold to John Williams, Lord Keeper of the great seal, for 
£10,000) by Jane, daughter and heiress of Thomas Salusbury of 
Denbigh, third son of Sir John Salusbury of Lleweny, Denbighshire, 
Knt. Lumley Williams married Dorothy, daughter and heiress of 
Thomas ap Rhys, ap David, ap Ithell, of Ystymcolwyn, on the grand 
jury on the 36th and 43rd of Elizabeth. See "Miscellanea Historica" 
under those years, and notes, by whom he had " John Williams of 
Ystymcolwyn, gent." on a jury list, in 1653. 

'^ Walter Griffiths was of Brongain in the parish of Llanfcchain 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 



295 



Joh'es Mathews de Trevenanney, gen. 
Humfrus Lloyd de Penrin Yeclian^ gen. 

" Montgomery. Llandinam, Hilary Term, 8 Charles I. 
Pleas and decree for the restitution of lands there to John 
David ap Eees^ an outlaw '^ (fo. 23^ vol. x, N. W. Rolls). 

Miscellanea Historical 9 Charles I^ 1033. 

Mountgomery, 28 October , 9 Charles J. Kalendar. prison suh 

salvo custod. Johannis Hayiuardj milit., Vic. Com. pred. 

Noi^a Offic. et Jiistic. pads Com., pred. 

Thomas D'ns Coventrey, D^ns Arthurus Price, ar. (Yaynor 
Custos Magni Sigilli, etc. " — - — 

Ric'us D'ns Weston, D'ns 
Thesaurus Anglie. 

Henricus Comes Manchester, 
Custos Privat. Sigill. 

Joh'es Comes Bridgwater, 
P^sidens Consilii March. 
Walhe. 

Willi^mus D'ns Powis. 

Ed'rus D'ns Herbert. 

Joh'es Bridgman, miles. Jus- 
tic. 

Marmaducus Lloyd, miles, 
Justic. 

Perceus Herbert, nail, et Ba- 
ronet. 

Ed'rus Lloyd, miles (Berth - 
llwyd). 

Ric'us Herbert,^ ar. (? Mont- 
gomery). 

Sampsonus Eure, ar. 

Timotheus Turner, ar. 

and the son of George Griffiths, by Alice daughter of John or Hugh 
Vaughan, rector of Llansaintffraid. He married Catherine, daughter 
of Roger Kynaston of Hordley. See his letter to his nephew Roger 
Kynaston, "Miscellanea Historica," 12 Charles I, and jlfont. Coll., 
vol. V, p. 260. 

^ He had a contemporary of the same name, viz., Richard Herbert 
ofMeivod, son of Richard Herbert of Parke, sheriff in 1576, 1584. 
The eldest son of Edward Lord Herbert of Chirbury and second 
Lord Herbert of Chirbury, was more probably the county n^agistrate 
above. 



EFranciscus Herbert, ar. (Do- 

leguog). 
Rowlandus Pughe, ar. (Math- 

avarn). 
Athelastanus Owen, ar. (Rhiw- 

saeson). 
Carolus Herbert, ar. (Aston). 
Joh'es Blayney, ar. (Gregy- 

nog). 
Matheus Price, ar. (Parke). 
Evan Glynn e, ar. (Glynn). 
Meredd. Morgan, ar. (Aber- 

havesp). 
Joh'es Lloyd, ar. (Dolobran). 
David Morris, ar. (Maesmawr 

in Llandinam). 
Ric'us Pughe, ar. (Dolycors- 

lyn). 

Lloyd Peires, ar. (Maesmawr 

in Guilsfield). 
Ed'rus Lloyd, ar. (Trevenant). 



296 MISCELLANEA HISTOl^IOA. 

Eic'us Glynne et Humffrus Davies, gen'osi, Coronatores 
D'ni Eegis Com. pred. 

Thomas Peires, ar., Escaetor, D'ni Eegis Cora. p'd. 

Chief Stewards of Lordships y etc. 

Joli'es Blayney, ar._, Cap. Sen. Perceo Herbert, milit. et 
Baronet^ D'mi sui de Kerry, Kedewen, lialcetor, et Mountg^. 

Evanus Glynne, ar.. Cap. Sen. Ed^ro Lloyd, milit., ffirmar. 
Will'mo Owen, mil., D^ni sui de Uchcoed Arustley. 

Jacobus Lloyd, gen.. Cap. Sen. Ed'ro Lloyd, mil., flSrmar 
Will. Owen, milit., D'ni sui de Arwstley Yscoed. 

Owen Humffreys, gen'os, Maior de Llanydloes. 

Humffrid. Jones et Howell ap Anthony, armigeri, Balli et 
Justic. pacis infra vil. et lib'tat de Pola. 

Eondle Lloyd et Thomas Langford, gen'osi, Balli de Llan- 
villinge. 

Howell Jones et Eic'us Davis, gen'osi, Balli de Mount- 
gomery. 

Noi^a Capital. Constah. pads D^ci B^ni Regis. 

Joh'is Jones et Eeignald ap Eobert, gen'osi. Cap. Constab. 
Hundred de Pola. 

Eic'us Jones et Galfrid. Jeffreys, gen'osi, Cap. Con. Hun. de 
Cause. 

Joh'es Owen et Owenus ap Howell, gen'osi, „ Hun. de 
Mathravall. 

Mauricius Yaughan et Joh'es Humffrey, gen'osi, „ Hun. 
de Llanvillinge. 

Joh'es Lloyd et Eob'tus Tannatt,^ gen'osi, „ Hun. de 
Dythur. 

Ed'rus Mores et Eic'us Baxter, gen'osi, „ Hun. de Nova 
Villa. 

Howelles ap lo's Cadd'r et Michaell Middleton, gen'osi, 

,, Hun. de Mountgom'y. 

Morganus Jo's Watkin et Joh'es Jenkin, gen'osi, „ 
Hun. de Machynlleth. 

Evanus Lloyd et Nicholaus Bennett, gen'osi, „ Hun. de 
Llanydloes. 

Noi^a BalUvor. cujuslihet Hundred Com. p'd. 
Lodovicus Lloyd, gen.. Ball., Hund. de Mathravall; Theo- 



' Eobert Tanat of Trewylan, in the parish of Llansaintffraid, and 
hundred of Deythur, was the son of Edward Tanat ap Geoffrey 
Tanat of Trewylan. His grand- daughter Catherine, married 
Edmund Price son of Edward Price of Gunley. {Mont. Coll., vol. iv. 
p. 151.) 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 297 

philus Lloyd, gen., „ Dythur ; Humffridd. Charles, gen.. 
Nova Villa ; David Morgan, gen., „ Machynlleth ; 
EobHus Griffith, gen., „ Pola; Joh^es Oliver, gen., „ 
Montgomery ; Eob'tus Vaughan, gen., „ Cause ; Hugh 
Price, (?) gen., „ Llanydloes; HumjBPrid's Gruffith, gen., 

„ Llanvillinge. 

Joh^es Hayward, Miles. Yic. 
Noi^a Mag. Jur. 

Rowlandus Pughe, ar. (Mathavarn). 

Joh'es ap Edward ap Rees Lloyd, gen. (Llanvair). 

Thomas ap Owen, gen. (Broniarth). 

Humffridus ap Harry de Llann'chudol, gen. 

Thomas Williams, gen. (Dolware). 

Evanus Bowen, gen. (Collfryn). 

Galfridus Penrhyn, gen. 

Humffrid. ap Richard, gen. (Burgedinge). 

Ric'us Griffiths, gen. (de Gaire). 

Thomas Griffiths, gen. (Garth). 

Gruffinus Rees, gen. (Trefnant). 

Matheus Gyttins, gen. (Uppington). 

David ap leu'n, gen. (Brynellen). 

Thomas Lloyd, gen. (Sylvayne). 

Ed'rus Owen, gen. (Llanwthyn). 

JoVes Lloyd, gen. (de Cowney). 

Evanus Gruffith (de Tretherwen). 

Johannis Hayward, Miles, Vic. 
On the list, hut not of the Grand Jury. 

Lloyd Piers de Maisemawre, ar. 

David Lloyd de Bryngwyn, gen. 

Wythen Jones de Llyssiu, gen. 

Joh'es DD ap Rees de Kyffi-onidd, gen. 

DD Lloyd ap leu^n de Llanwnoge, gen. 

Derwas Gruffith de Darowen, gen. 

Jenkinus Mores de Maisemawre, gen. 

Owinus Blayney de Ystimgwerne, gen. 

Thomas ap Hughe de Leighton, gen. 

Henri cus Parry de Bodyddon, gen. 

Reignald Robart de Llansanfraide, gen. 

Henricus Tudor de Bodynvol, gen. 

Gruffinus Mores de Bulchaythen,^ gen. 

^ Griffith Morris of Bwlch Aeddan was the son of Maurice ap 
David ap leuan of Bwlch Aeddan, or the pass of Aeddan in the 
parish of Guilsfield. This pass is supposed to have been named after 
Aeddan ap Cyiigen, Lord of Guilsfield, Broniarth, and Deuddwr, 



298 MISCELLANEA HISTORIC A. 

Erasmus Evans de Kevenymynych/ gen. 

Eic'as Lloyd de Mouglitre,^ gen. 

Ed'rus Price de Kevelwage, gen. 

Galfridus Cadd'r de Brithdire, gen. 

Morgan Edwards de Pentirch, gen. 

Owinus ap Howyll de Moylereliarth, gon. 

Evanus Jones de Gelliegasson^ gen. 

Riceus Jones de Moughtre, gen. 

Rictus Lloyd de Bachaythlon, gen. 

Lodowicus Lloyd de Gwested, gen. 

Rictus Powell de Dyffryn Llanvaire, gen. 

Lodowicus Lewis de Deithienedd,^ gen. 

Rictus Bowen de Penir allt/ gen. 

Thomas ap Humphrey ap Hugh de Llanwryn, gen. 

Thomas Cadd^r de Llanbrenmaire, gen. 

Ric'us Mores de Darowen, gen. 

Joh'es Hayward^ Miles^ Yic. 



" 7 Sept., 1633. Declaration of the uses of a fine by Roger 
Kynaston, Esq^r, of the manor of Hordley, made between him 
of the first part ; John Newton and Edward Yaughan of the 
second part ; and Mary Kynaston of Hordley, widow, late wife 

second son of Eliseg, Prince of Powys, from whom Griffith Morris 
was a direct descendant. " Moriceus DD ap Jeun de Bwlcharthan, 
gen." appears frequently as a grand juror. See " Miscellanea 
Historica," 4th James I and note. 

^ Erasmus Evans of " Cumby DDolfa Llanfihangel yny Keri " 
was the son of " Evan, ap Matthew, ap Evan, ap Ivor, descended 
from Ivor Hael, by Margaret, daughter of Evan Lloyd of Gardd- 
fagwin, in Radnorshire." Erasmus Evans married " Sara, daughter 
of Wm. Kynaston of Ruabon idm q'd Oatley," by whom he had 
Richard Evans, married to " Elizabeth, daughter of John Kynaston 
of Ruabon being his cousin german," Sara, and Mary. Harl. MSS., 
vol. 1936, fo. 17 et seq. 

^ Richard Lloyd ap David Lloyd ap Morgan of Mochdre descended 
from Elystan Glodrydd married Anne, daughter of Edward Purcell 
of Nantcribba, sherifi'in 1625. 

^ Lodovick Lewis ap Maurice ap Lewis of Dethenydd in the parish 
of Llandinam was of the tribe of Brochwel Ysgithrog, Prince of 
Powys. He married Ellen, daughter of Jenkin ap Maurice, and 
sister of David Maurice of Maesmawr, on the roll of magistrates 3 
Charles I, by whom he had Maurice Lewis. The latter married 
Ehzabeth, sole heir of Richard Wilson ap John Wilson, probably of 
Bodayoch, in the parish of Trefeglwys. They had issue Lodovick 
Lewis. See Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 302-3 under " Pen Rhuddlan." 

^ See " Miscellanea Historica", 16th James I, and note. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 299 

of Edward Kynaston, late of Hordley, Esq^r, deceased, and 
natural mother of the said Roger Kynaston, of the third 
part/' {Schedule of Kynaston Papers.) 

10 Sept., 1633. Roger Kynaston, Esq'r, of Hordley to Sir 
Percy Herbert of Pool Castle, Knt. and Bart., grant of a piece 
of land known by the name of Carehere, situate in Trallwyn- 
gollen, in fee or exchange, not executed. Same to Sir Henry 
Herbert. (Ibid.) 

Denbigh and Montgomery, Mich'as Term, 9 Charles I. Pleas 
and decree touching land there for Tho's Morice. 

Idem, A quietus, 29 Nov., 9 Charles I, for a debt due to 
the Crown, for Theodore Morrice. (Fo. 38, vol. 10, N. W.) 

Montgomery, Hil. Term, 9 Charles I. Pleas and decree 
touching the outlawry of Eleazer Jones. (Fo. 42, lb.) 

" 9 July, 9 Charles I. Montgomery, Arustley and Kevilli- 
ocke lordships. Exemplification of the patent of Sir Tho's 
Middleton for ever." (Fo. 127, vol. 10, N. W. Bolls.) 

Miscellanea Histoeica, 10 Charles I, 1634. 

Calendar prisonar in cust. Philippi Eyton, Mil. Vic. Com. Com. 
Montg. coram JohHs Bridgman, Mil. serviens ad legem Jusf.ic. 
Die. Com.. p)'d et Marmaducus Lloyd, Mil. alter Justic. diet. 
Com. ad Magn. Session, tent ajpud Polam quinto die May, An. 
Begni diet. Bom. n'ri reg. Caroli nunc Angl. et decimo. 

Noi'a Jur, in prima Inquis. 

Hundred de Llanvillinge — 

Joh'es Lloyd de Dolobran, ar. 

Rob'tus Williams de Nantmiched, gen. 

Cadd'r ap Hugh de Myvod,^ gen. 

Humffrid. DD Cadd^r de Bachie, gen. 

Rogerus Calcott de Brynelltyn, gen. 
Hun. de Mountgomery — 

Som'sett ffoxe de Gwernygo,^ ar. 

^ Those jurors whose names are in italics were on the grand 

2 Somerset Fox was the eldest son of Sir Edward Fox, Knight, 
sheriff in 1617, by his second wife Elizabeth, reUct of Ratcliff 
Gerard of Halsall in the county of Lancaster, and only daughter of 
Sir Charles Somerset, Knight, fifth son of Henry Earl of Worcester, 
and standard-bearer to the band of Gentlemen Pensioners. His son 
Somerset Fox was a colonel in the army of Charles I and died at 
Ludlow in 1689. Edward, second son of Sir Charles Fox, by Eliza- 



300 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Samuell Edd^s de Castellwriglit, gen. 

Ric'us Lloyd de BachaytMon, gen. 

Carolus Powell de Hurdley, gen. 

Ed^rus Bishope de Clothie, gen. 

Thomas Bowen de Castellwright, gen. 
Hun. de Pola. 

Gruffiniis Mores de BulchaytJien, gen. 

David Lloyd de Brongwyn, gen. 

Humffrid. Gruffith de Bronyarth, gen. 

Daniel Edd's de Llansanfraide/ gen. 

DD Derwas de Bronyarth,^ gen. 

Thomas Gruffithes de Garth, gen. 
Hun. de Deythur — 

Roh'tus Tamiatt de Trewylan, gen. 

Joh'es Evans de Tretherwen vore, gen. 
Hun. de Cause — 

David Powell de Weston, gen. 

Bicus Griffithes de Gaire, gen. 

DD ap Anthony de Hopton, gen. 

Thomas Lloyd de Sylvaine, gen. 

Ei'cus ap Edd. de Brithdire, gen. 
Hundred de Mathravall — 

Wythen Jones de Lyssen, gen.^ 

Joh'es Lloyd de Cowney/ gen. 

Morgan Edd's de Pentirch/ gen. 

beth Somerset, was settled at Rhydheskyn in the parish of Guilsfield. 
His wife Frances was presented for recusancy before the grand jury 
at the Assizes 8th Charles I. The following is in the Guilsfield 
Register. "1631 Edwardus, filius Edwardi ftoxe ar. Sep. 20 Dec." 

1 See Lewys Dwnn's Vis. of Wales^ vol. i, p. 280 under " Llan St. 
FFraid in Deuthwr." 

2 David Derwas of Broniarth and Penrhyn Yechan was sixth in 
descent from Sir Griffith Yaughan, Knight Banne't, of Garth in 
Guilsfield. His father Owen Derwas was on a grand jury list of 21 
James I. See "Miscellanea Historica," and note. David Derwas, 
by Blanche, daughter of Edward ap Thomas of Hendrehene had 
" Johannis filius David Derwas, gen., bap. 29 Aug. 1624 " (Guilsfield 
Register). John Derwas married " Cath. s.h. of John Kynaston of 
Llyn-y Mapsil, by whom he had David Derwas of Llyn-y-mapsil (?) 
living in 1700, and married to " Dorothy, dr. of John Edwards, Esq're, 
of Nest leyhaing (?) Esq're." Ad. MSS., 9864-5, under " Derwas 
of Llandrinio." 

^ "Miscellanea Historica", 17 James I. 

4 His father, Rees Lloyd of Conway, was on the grand jury, 1 6 
James I. 

* On the grand jury, 3 Charles I. 



PUBLIC OFFICEES. 



301 



Owen ap Howell de Moylevelliarth, gen. 

Evanus Meredd. de Mathravall, gen. 

DD ap leu'n DD ap Owen de Gwenynoge, gen. 

Hugo ap leu'n de Goome, gen. 
Hundred de Nova Yilla — 

Owen Blayney de Ystymgwen^ gen. 

Edwardus Blayney de Vachllm (?) gen. 

Thomas Kees de Llanllygan, gen. 

Edmundus Price de Bettus, gen. 

Ricus 'Baxter, gen, 

Riceus Williams de Aberhechan, gen. 

Ricus Poivell de Dyffryn Llanvairj gen. 
Hundred de Llanidloes — 

Evan Glynn de Glynn, ar. 

Jenkinus Mores de Maesmawr, gen. 

Rictus Bowen de Pen-ir-alt, gen. 

Morganus Evans de Glinbrochan, gen. 

Joh^es Kynsy de Dethienithj gen. 
Hun. de Maclianlletli — 

ffranciscus Herbert de dolgioge, ar. 

Derwas Griffith de DaroweUj gen. (foreman.) 

Ric'us Pughe de Penrhose, gen. 

Henricus Vauglian de Machynlleth, gen. 

Noia 8'cde Inquis. 

Hundred de Pola — 

Thomas ajp Owen de Broniarthj gen. 

Humffrid. ap Richard de Trelydan,^ gen, 

HumfF. Jones de Coome, gen. 
Hundred de Cause — 

Rogerus ffrances de Trewerne. 

Gruffinus Rees de Trefnant, gen. 

Humffrid. Cartwright de Ederton, gen. 

Joh^es Howell de eadem, gen. 

DD ap leu'n ap Owen de Hope, gen. 

ffranciscus Griffith de FForden, gen. 

Jeffrey Richards de Gruggion. 
Hundred de Llanvillinge — 

Thomas Williams de Dolware, gen. 

Humffrid ap John Williams de Penyarth, gen, 

VD ap Richard Lewis de eadem, gen. 



^ See " Miscellanea Historica' 
^ See " Miscellanea Historica' 



1 Charles I, and note. 
1 Charles I. 



302 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Galfrid's Cadd'r de Brithdire, gen. 

Thomas ap Owen de Nantmiched, gen. 
Hundred de Dythur — 

Hugo Lloyd de Domgay,^ gen. 

Galfrid's Penrhyn de Collfryn, gen. 

Evanus Griffitli ap DD de Tretherwen, gen. 

Thomas Austin de Llandrinio, gen. 

Evan Gruffith ap Jolm Mors Tretherwen. 
Hundred de Mathravall — 

Hugo Jones de Coetalloge, gen. 

Riceus ap Mathew de Llanginiowe, gen. 

DD ap leu^n de Brynellen, gen. 

Oliverus Humffrey de Kenhinva, gen. 

Evanus ap John de Dolger, gen. 

DD ap Joh'es ap leu'n de Craino, gen. 

Ed'rus Bees de Kyffin, gen. 

Ric'us Jones de Trevenant. 

FFranciscus Humffries de Trevenant. 
Hund. de Mountgomery — 

Rictus Lloyd de Moughtre^ gen. 

Joh'es Powell de Castelwright^ gen. 

Evanus ap John ap Robt's de Dolver, gen. 

Hugo Mynton de Penygelly, gen. 
Hund. de Nova Yilla — 

Humfrid's Jones de Bhandire, gen, 

Ric'us Mathewe de eadem, gen. 

Eliseus Morris de Tregynon, gen. 

Mauricius Thomas de Bettus, gen. 

Jacobus Baxter de Bryncamhisire, gen. 

Thomas Rees de Manavon, gen. 
Hundred de Llanydloes — 

Gruffinus ap Jenk'n de Stredynod^ gen. 

Joh'es Tilsley de Dolegooden, gen. 

Evanus ap Jenkin ap Rees de Llanywared, gen. 

Matheus Glace de Llanwnoge^ gen. 

Bohert Bees de Brangarth. - 
Hund. de Machynlleth- 
Thomas ap Humffrey ap Hughe de Llanwryn, gen. 

Joh^es Pugh de Darowen^ gen. 

Thomas Cadd^r de Llanbrinmaire^ gen. 

Willim's Pughe de Kemes, gen. 

Lodovicus Evans p^ochie de Machynlleth, gen. 

Morganus WatMn de Penegoes, gen. 



\ 



1 " 



Miscellanea Historica", 2 Charles I. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 



303 



Apiid Trevenant/^ 1 December, 10 Charles I, a deposition 
^' coram Edwardo Lloyd, armig., uno Justic. ad pacem Com. 
p'd (Montgomery/^) 

'^ Apud Berthllwyd/' 11 March, 10 Charles I, a deposition 
coram Ed'ro Lloyd, milit., uno Justic. ad pacem, etc. 

Magna Inquis. 

Kic^us Pugh de doleycorslwyne, ar. 

Derwas Griffiths de Kemes, gen. 

Rowland Lloyd de Bronywood, gen. 

Rictus Pughe de Penrhose, gen. 

DD Lloyd Mer'dd de Llanwryn, gen. 

Gruffinus David Cadd'r, gen. 

Owinus Blayney de Ystymgwerne, gen. 

Humflfrid. ap Harry de Llan'chydoll, gen. 

Ric'us Griffiths de Gaire, gen. 

Gruffinus ap Jeffrey, gen. 

Hugo Penrhyn de Llandryneo, gen. 

Owinus Lewes de Graige, gen. 

DD ap leu'n ap DD de Pentirch, gen. 

Tho. ap Edd. de Drevor, gen. 

Joh'es Powell de Weston, gen. 

Lodowicus G Wynne de Mayne, gen. 

Signed Ph'us Eyton, Mil. Yic. 

S'cda Inquis, (on the list.). 

Hund. de Cause — 

Ed^rus Lloyd de Trefnant, ar. 

JoVes Bowdler de Middletowne, gen. 

Nicholas Wynn de Llettygyn worth, gen. 

ffi:*ancis Griffith de ffi^rdon, gen. 

Humffi:id. Cartwright de Ederton, gen. 

Ed'rus Price de Kilkewedd, gen. 

Oliverus Jones de Gyngroge, gen. 
Hund. de Llanvillinge — 

John Bowdler de Tiretref, gen.- 

Hugo ap Rees Cadd'r de Garnorion, gen. 
Mountgomery Hun. — 

Rictus Lloyd de Moughtre, gen. 

Ric'us Griffith de Churchstoke, gen. 



Coroner's inquest, p' sacrm. Arthuri Lloyd de Hope, gen. 
Apud Castrum de Pola, 22 Sep. 10 Charles I, a deposition 
aken cora Perceo Herbert, milite et Baronet, uno Justicia- 
riorum dci D'ni Regis in Com. Mountgomery. 



304 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

" Apud Dom. mansional Charoli Price de Meyvod^ in Com. 
p'd/' 11 Aug. 10 Charles I. 

Miscellanea Histoeica^ 11 Charles I, 1635. 

Calendar. Prison in salva custod. Thome Ireland, Ar. Vicecom. 
Com. pred (Montgomery) j coram Joli'e Bridgm,an, uno servien 
ad legem Justic. die. Com. Ad Magna 8essio, tent, ajrnid 
Polam, 20 Aprilis, an. Caroli * undecimo, 

Noi^a Jur. Magna, 
Evanus Lloyd de Llanwnog/ gen. 
Eic'us Pughe de Penrliose, gen. 
Thomas ap Owen de Bronyarth, gen. 
Humfry Griffith de Bronyarth,^ gen. 
Thomas Williams de Doleware, gen. 
Willi'ms Moody de Bodynval/ gen. 
Howellus ap John Cadd'r de Mellington, gen. 
Ric'us Griffiths de Gaire^ gen. 
CaddV William de Teirtree (? Teirtref), gen. 
Rob'tus Gruffith de Varchoell, gen. 
Willi'ms George de Llanidloes, gen. 
David ap Edward de Domgay, gen. 
Moriceus Price de Beriowe, gen. 
Rio' us ap Richard de Gwernawge. 

Signed, Thomas Ireland, Ar. Vic. 

On the list J hut not of the Grand Jury. 
Thomas Piers de Dolevorgan, ar., Hund. de Nova Villa. 
Ed'rus Lloyd de Trevenant, ar., Hund. de Mountgomery. 



^ David Lloyd ap Meredith, seventh in descent from Einion ap 
Seisyllt, Lord of Mathavarn, had two sons; Evan, the ancestor of the 
Morgans of Aberhafesp (Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 299), and Howell, 
the ancestor of the Lloyds of Llanwnog, the Powells of Llanbrynmair, 
{Ibid., p. 306), and other local families. Evan Lloyd, seventh in 
descent from the above David Lloyd ap Meredith, was the eldest son 
of David ap Evan by Ellen, daughter of David ap Henry of Oerffrwd, 
situate midway between the churches of Carno and Llanwnog (Ibid, 
p. 305). He took a prominent part on the Cromwellian side during 
the Civil War; and in 1646, as " Captain Evan Lloyd", was in charge 
of Montgomery Castle. 

^ See note, 10th James I. 

^ "William Moody de Bodynvol, gen.", appears again on the 
grand jury in 16th Charles I, also in 1640. It was probably a mem- 
ber of his family who was settled at Ffinnant Uchaf. Mont. Coll., 
vol. V, pp. 263-7. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 



305 



Jollies David ap Eees de Kyffronidd/ gen. 

Edmund Redge of Trelustan, gen. 

Jollies Bowdler de Tiertree (? Tiertref). 

Joli'es Bowdler de Dolobran, gen. 

Humfrid. David Lloyd de Mayne. 

Ric'us ap Roger FFoulke de Burgedinge. 

Thomas Pughe de Abergwydol^ gen. 

Hugo Lloyd de Domgay/ gen. 

David Lloyd de Bryngwyn_, gen. 

Thomas Griffiths de Garth^ gen. 

Rowland Lloyd de LlandyssiX^ gen. 

Lodovicus Lloyd de Gwested^ g^^-t Hun. de Nova Villa. 

Reginald Hussey of Criggion,* gen. 

Meredd. DD ap David ap Rees of LlanwrchydolL 

Summon, ad Magn. Sess. tent, apud Polam, 2 May, 11 Charles I. 
Endorsed " Meredith Morgan, Ar. Vic." 

Inquis. Magna. 
David Lloyd de Llanwonog, gen. 

Rowlandus Lloyd de Bronyworde,^ g'^n., Hun. de Newtowne. 
Humffridus Griffith de Bronyarth, gen. 
Ric'us Pughe de Penrhoss, gen. 
Ric'us Lloyd de Moughtre^ gener. 
Moricius Thomas de Bettws. 
Morganus EddwMs de Pentirch/ gen. 
Ric'us Wilson de Manlleth/ gen. 
Cadwalader ap Hugh de Diffryn, gen. 
Humffrey Lloyd de Penrhyn Yechan^ g^^* 
Evanus Griffith de Tretherwen, gen., Mybion Gwnwas. 
Richard Griffiths de Gaer, gen. 
Oliverus Jones de Gyngrog, gen. 



^ See 16 James L 

2 See " Miscellanea Historica", 2 Charles I. 

3 See 3 Charles I. 
* He was probably a son of Sir Richard Hussey of Criggion, Knt., 

: sheriff in 1607, by Eliza, daughter of Reginald Williams, of Will- 
aston, sheriff in 1594. 

^ See " Miscellanea Historica", 3 Charles I. 

6 See 3 Charles I. 

7 In the 14th Charles II, 1662, we find " Ricus Wilson de Boday- 
[och, gen." on a grand jury list for the hundred of Llanidloes. He 

was probably a relative, if not identical with the above, and the father 
of Rev. John Wilson, Vicar of Penegoes, who was buried at Trefeg- 
Iwys, 4 September, 1728. Richard Wilson, the landscape painter, is 
said to have been the son of the latter. 

VOL. \I. X 



306 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Meredith ap David de Dysserth.^ 

Rictus ap leu^n Bedowe, gen., Hun. de Moimtgomeiy. 
Signed, Meredith Morgan, Ar. Vic. 
Llanydloes Hundred — 

Matheus Price de Parke penprice/ gen. 

Ric'us Bowen de Pen-yr-alt Goch,^ gen. 

Ed^rus Evans de Clochvaine issa/ gen. 

William Thomas de Llanbrynmaire/ gen. 

Oliverus David Lloyd de Mayne, gen. 
Llanvilling Hundred — 

David ap John de Trevnanney. 

Evanus Meredith de Mathravall, gen. 

Thomas ap Owen de Bronyarth, gen. 
Mountgomery Hundred — 

Rictus Lloyd de Moughtre, gen. 

Hugh Mynton de Kerry, gen. 

Samuel Edw'ds de Castlewright.^ 

Miscellanea Historica, 13 Charles I, 1637. 

Carohis Dei Gra. Anglie, etc., et Rexfidei defens., etc. Vic. Com. 
Mountgomery , SaWm jp'* Jo'n Bridgman, Milit., serviens ad 
legem Justic. Apud Polam, quarto die Novemhrij Anno 
Begni Regis tercio decimo. Endorsed JoVes Newton,^ Ar. Vic. 
''Apud Aberhavesp,^^ a deposition made 11th December, 

" coram me, Meredith Morgan, ar.^^ 

^ See " Miscellanea Historica", 1 Charles I. 

2 See 20th and 21st James L 

^ See 16 James I, and 9 Charles I. 

^ Edward ap Evan ap Jenkyn ap Maurice of Clochfaen Issaf had 
a. sister Catherine, who married Owen Gwynn, second son of 
Morgan Gwynn of Llanidloes, sheriff in 1582. Evan ap David Lloyd 
ap Jenkin, first cousin of Edward ap Evan of Clochfaen Issaf, and 
ancestor of the Lloyds of Clochfaen, appears on grand juries of the 
county in 4th and 20th James I, and 1 Charles I. See " Miscellanea 
Historica", 4th James I, and Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 273. 

^ William ap Thomas, of Pentre Cynddelw in the parish of Llan- 
brynmair, ap William, ap Thomas, ap John, ap David of Pentre 
Cynddela, ap Gwilym, ap Bedo, ap Gutto, ap Dio, ap Madog Hir, 
a younger son of GrifSth of Rhiwsaeson, ap leuan, ap Meilir, ap 
Henwyn of Rhiwsaeson. He had a son Humphrey Williams. Add. 
MS., 9865, British Museum. 

6 See " Miscellanea Historica", 10th James I, 1 Charles I. 

7 John Newton of Heightley in the parish of Chirbury, was the 
son of Francis Newton of Heightley, sheriff in 1595, by Mary, 
daughter of Reginald Corbet of Stoke and Adderley, Judge of the 
Queen's Bench in 1559. John Newton was sheriff of Shropshire in 
1635. See Mont. Coll., vol. v, pp. 443, et seq. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 



307 



Apud Trevenant, 2 March, 14 Chas. I, a.d. 1638, cora' me 
Edd^o Lloyd, armiger, uno Justiciar, dci D'ni Kegis ad pacem 
in Com.^' (Montgomery). 

" Apud Dole y Corstlowin, 12 Nov., a.d. 1638,^^ a deposition 
taken ^^ coram me Rich'o Pughe, ar., uno Justic, etc." 

"1 June, 1637, Eoger Kynaston of Hordley, Esq'r, to 
Oliver Pierce, lease of a meadow at three penny tacke of hay 
:in Gungrog vechan, in a meadow called Dol-y-Kyvion, for 21 
years" {Schedule of Kynaston Pajpers) . 

"1 Aug., 1637, Montgomery. An order for discharging a 
[recognizance for Richard Griffith" (fo. 101, vol. x, N. W. Rolls), 



The following were presented as recusants before the judge 
of assize, 17th Oct., 1636. By Johan. Assaphen. Guild- 
ffield. 

Edwardus fibxe de Rhydesgyn, armiger, at ffrancisca ejus 



uxor. 



The Jury, 



Thomas Edwards de Keelkewydd, gen. 
Robertus Edwardes de Burgedinge, gen. 
Evanus Bowen de Pencastell. 
Rictus Ingram de Glynhavren,^ gen. 
Joh^es Jervis de Hydan, gen. 
Hugo Dickenson de Gwenynog, gen. 
Galfridus Atkinson de Collfryn, gen. 
JoVes Griffith de FForden, gen. 
Reignaldus Robert de Trallwnog gollen, gen. 
ffii-anciscus Dakin de Tyddyn Preed, gen. 
Ed'rus ap John Lewis de Trefedryd, gen. 
Reignaldus ap Richard de Woodlaston, gen. 
Thomas Sitterdowne de Killigasson, yom. 
Cadd^r ap Hughe de Myvod, gen. 
Henricus ap leu^n de Pentirch. 
Gruffinus William de Garth, gen. 



'MO Sep. 1636. Messrs. Whittingham to Richard Price, 
Rowland Pugh, and Meredith Morgan. Marriage settlement 
of John Whittingham and Mary Purcell upon an estate at 
^Sylvayne, Gayre, Disserth, Cletterwood, and Maydocke, in 
bhe Castell Pool, Llanlymore, Berriew, Buttington, and Llan- 



^ See " Miscellanea Historica", 8 Charles I, 10th Charles I. 
^ " Ricus Ingram de Glynhafren, Ar.", probably his sou, was 
sheriff in 1680. 



X 2 



308 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

vaire, m the county of Montgomery" {ScJiedule of the Kynaston 
Papers) . 

"19 April, 12 Charles I. Montgomery and other counties. 
Grant of the office of particular surveyor of, to Thos. Wynne, 
during pleasure. Fee £20 0" (fo. 87, vol. x, N. W. Rolls). 

"12 Charles I, 31st October. Eoger Kynaston^ of Hord- 
ley, Esq., John Kynaston,^ gentleman, of Llyn y Mapsis, and 
Mary Kynaston, widow, mother of the said Roger Kynaston. 
Bargain and sale for 3 months of lands situate as follows : — 
Rednall Kenwick's Wood, plas y Dinas, Pool, Hope, Tredwen 
Myvion Gunwas, and Trewerne, Guilsfield, Gungrog, Llan^ch- 
broghwell, Cletterwood, Deythur, Domgay, and Trederwen 
Myvion Hartenue (?), Trevenant Vaughan, Welsh Town, and 
all other their estates in the counties of Salop and Mont- 
gomery, in which Edward Kynaston, Esq., deceased, was seized 
at his death" {Schedule of Kynaston Papers). 

"12 Charles 1, 2 Nov., 1636. Marriage settlement on the 
marriage of R. Kynaston, Esq., to Miss Rebecca Wild" [Ihid).^ 

" 12 Charles 1, 20 Sept. to Jan'y, 1636. Examination of 
witnesses concerning the Mears in the said manor (Plas y 
Dinas), and a view of the same, with a letter from Walter 
Griffith,* dated ' Brongayne, 21 January, 1636,' stating Hhat 

^ Roger Kynaston of Hordley was sherilBTof Montgomeryshire and 
Shropshire in 1640. He suffered for his loyalty to Charles I, and 
compounded for his estate with the Commonwealth for <£921. He 
was the eldest son of Edward Kynaston of Hordley, our sheriff in 
1 623, by Mary, daughter of Thomas Owen of Condover, and sister 
of Sir Roger Owen of Condover, Knight. 

2 " Catherine s.h. of John Kynaston of Llyn-y-Mapsis, married 
John Derwas ap David ap Owen Derwas of Penrhyn Vechan, by 
whom she had David Derwas of Llyn-y-Mapsis, living in 1700." 
Pedigrees compiled hy John Davies of Bhiwlas, under Derwas of Llan- 
drinio, Ad. MS 8., 9864-5. See " Miscellanea Historica", 9 James I, 
21 James I, 10 Charles I, and notes. 

2 Daughter of John Wild or Weld, afterwards Knighted, sheriff 
of Shropshire in 1642, who purchased Willey from Sir Thomas 
Lacon of Kinlet between 1612 and 1623 ; and sister of Sir John Weld 
junior. 

4 Ex w/., M. C. Jones, F.S.A. Walter Griffith of Brongain in the 
pari sh of Llan vechan, married Catherine, daughter of Roger Kynaston 
of Hordley, sheriff of Shropshire in 1603, the grandfather of Roger 
Kynaston above. See Mo7it. Coll., vol. v, p. 260, and " Miscellanea 
Historica", 8 Charles I. By Catherine Kynaston he had, besides the 
children mentioned in the letter, "Georgius Griffiths de Llanvechan 
gener." foreman of the grand jury at the county assizes 23 Charles I. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 



309 



le would with God's permission at the next leet endeavour to 
have the bye-laws effected and confirmed by the homagers, 
accord'g to his instructions, with a penal law for waste, and 
thenceforth he purposed to swear affevors (?) of the fines and 
araerc'ts, it being more firm and effectual in law, and from 
which he believed more benefit would accrue, having liberty 
to make choice of a friend for the lord, and refuse a foe 
against him, altho' other form and course of proceedings 
were justifiable by prescription. * * Since he had been at 
Willey his family had been ill, his daughter Margaret, wife, 
and son Roger. I desire to be remembered to the two worthy 
squires, your father and brother-in-law, and theirs, with my 
good cousin and the younger gentlewoman ; with thanks for 
my kind entertainment, with the like unto my good sister and 
yourself. 

" I remain, 
'' Your truly loving uncle, 

'' Walter Griffiths.'^ 
The superscription. ^' To the worshipfull his esteemed 
nephew, Roger Kynaston, Esq'r, at Hordley, in haste, pre- 
sente these." {Ihid.) 

Miscellanea Historica, 14 Charles I. 

Magna Sess. tent' a^pud Polarri', coram Thoma, Milwardo, 
Milit.y servien ad legem Justic. etc., 1th May, 14 Charles 1. 
Joh'es Newton, Ar. Vic. 

Nomina Justic. pads, D'ni Regis Com. (Montgomery) pt'd. 
Thomas D'us Coventrey, Gustos Magni Sigilli Anghe. 
Henricus Comes Manchester. 
Joh'es Comes Bridgwater, Presidens Consilii d^ci D'ni Regis 

infra Principalitat. et Marchias Wallige. 
Willi'mus D'ns Powys. 
Ed'rus D'ns Herbert. 

Thomas Milwarde, miles. Capital. Justic. Cestr. 
Ric'us Prutherch, ar., alter Justic. Cestr. 
Rictus Herbert. ' Athelystanus Owen, ar. 

Ed'rus Lloyd, miles. Joh'es Blayney, ar. 

Sampson, Euro, ar. Matheus Price, ar. 

Tymotheus Tumour, ar. Evanus Glynn, ar. 

Arthur Price, ar. Lloyd Piers, ar. 

ffran. Herbert, ar. Ric'us Pughe, ar. 

Rowland Pughe, ar. Ed'rus Lloyd, ar. 

Ric'us Glynn et Humffri'us Davies, generosi, Coronatores. 
Ed'rus Barrett, ar., Escaetor. 



310 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

NoVa Maior vill. et lih'tat. 
David Lewes ap Evan Lloyd_, gen., Maior de Llanydloes. 
Thomas Price et Ric'us Thompson, gen^osi. Ball, de Mount- 

gomery. 
Joh'es Parry et Ric'us Griffiths, gen^osi, Balli de Pola. 
Meredith Price et Henricus Parry, gen'osi, Balli de Llan- 

villinge. 

Noi'a Gajpital. Constah. pads, 

Joh'es Jones et Thomas Lewis, gen osi. Hundred de Llan- 
ydloes. 

Jenkinus ap Robert ap Griffith et Owen ap John David, 
gen'osi, Hun. de Machinlleth. 

Gwelyra Gwynn et Thomas Rees, gen'osi, Hun. de Math- 
ravall. 

Roger Vaughan et Robert ap Oliver, gen'osi, Hun. de Llan- 
villinge. 

Priamus Price et Thorn. Everall, gen'osi, Hun. de Nova 
Villa. 

Hugo Cadd'r et Ed'rus Jones, gen'osi, Hun. de Mount- 
go mery. 

Thomas Jones et David ap William, gen^osi, Hun. de Pola. 

Galfridus Jeffreys et Riceus ap Richard, gen'osi, Hun. de 
Cawrse. 

Joh'es Williams et Galfridus Atkinson, gen'osi, Hun. de 
Deithour. 

Signed, Joh'es Newton, Ar. Yic. 



I 



On an inquisition pro burgag. de Llanvillinge, '^ Robertus 
Corbett de Gyngroge" appears. 

The examination of Owen David of Rhywlas, in the said 
county (Montgomery), yoman, before Lloyd Peers, Esquier, 
29th April, 1638, touching the supposed breaking in the barne 
of 8'r James Palmer, Knight, at Llwydiartli, upon the 26th 
day of April, 1638. 

Inquisitio Magna, 
Llanydloes Hundred — - 

Ed'rus Evans de Clochvaine issa, gen. 
Machenlleth Hundred — 

David Lloyd Meredith de Llanwnog, gen. 

Ric'us ap John Meredith ap Kernes, gen. 
Mathravell Hund. — 

Evanus Meredith de Mathravall, gen. 

Robertus Jones de Llanllothian, gen. 



PUBLIC OFFICERS. 



311 



Jollies Owen de Llanllothian,^ gen. 
Newtown Hund. — 

Lodowicus Lloyd de Gwested, gen, 

Riceus Jones de Tregynon, gen. 

Jollies Price de BeriowOj gen. 
Llanvillinge Hund. — 

Andreas Laton de Ystymcolwyn, gen., Burg us de Llanvillinge. 

Ed^rus Wynne de Llanwothyn^ gener. 

Humffr^us ap John ap William de Penyartli, gen. 

Joh'es Griffith ajp Griffith de Glohwell et Bacliie^ gen^ 

Humffr'us David Lloyd de Brinhwa, gen^ 
Mountgomery Hun. — 

JoJies Vaughan de Penygelly, gener. 

Lodowicus Middleton de Churchstocke, gen. 
Poole Hund. — 

Walterus Gruffiths de Llanvechan, gen. 

Hiimffr'us Griffiths de Bronyarth, gen. 

Humffr^us ap Eicliard de Trelydan, gen. 

Thomas ap Owen de Bronyarth, gen. 

Henricus Tuder de Bodynvol, gen. 

Reignaldus ap Robert de Llansanfraid, gen. 
Deithur Hundred — 

Joh^es Lloyd de Llandrinio, gen. 

Robert Tanatt de Trewylan, gen. 

Ric'us Asterley de Bawlsley^ gen. 

Evanus Bowen de Gollfryn, gen. 

Hitmffrus Lloyd de Penrhyn Vechan, gen. 

Signed, Joh'es Newton, Ar. Vic. 

Inquis. Secunda* 
Llanydloes Hun. — 

Joh^es Tylsley de Dolegooden, gen. 

Ed'rus Evans de Trefegloes, gen. 
Macbynlletb Hun. — 

Thomas Pughe de Darrowen, gen. 
Mountgomery Hun. — 

Joh'is Evans of Trewllan, gen. 
Cawrse Hun. — 

Ric'us Griffiths de Gaer, gen. 

Nicholas Wynne de Llettygynvarch, gen. 

Oliverus Jones de Gyngroge vawre, gen. 
Poole Hundred. — 

Ed'rus ap Richard ap Owen de Bronyarth, gen. 



^ Names in italics are of those who served on the grand jury at 
the assizes for this year. 



312 MISCELLANEA HISTORICA. 

Daniel Edwards de Llansanfraed, gen. 
Rictus David ap Hoell de Ystynigynan, gen. 
Thomas Jones de Bronyarth, gen. 
Robertus Edwardes de Burgedinge, gen. 
Joh'es Lewis ap Robert de Guilffield, gen. 
Humffr^is Morgan de Llansanfraide, gen. 
Robertus HumfFrey de Varclioell, gen. 
Nicholas Brees de Trefnanney, gen. 

Signed^ Joh'es Newton, Ar. Vic. 



^' Memorand. qM 1 2^ Aprilis, 14 Charles I, Carolus Lloyde 
de Dolobran, in Com. Montgomery, became party to a bail 
bond for Howell Griffiths and Elizabeth Roberts, charged with 
breaking into the house of S'r James Palmer, Knight, and 
taking thence two silver cupps and other goods, etc.'' 

(To he continued.) 



313 



CRIDIA ABBEY. 



In the map of Wales, engraved for Mr. Warrington's 
History of Wales, (2nd edition, 1788), and stated to be 
" according to the ancient divisions of Gwynedd, Powys 
and Dinefawr, with the respective cantrefs subdivided 
into comots by William Owen," Cridia Abbey is 
marked at some distance from " Castle Trefaldwin," and 
not far from " Castell Dol-y-forwyn." So far as we can 
judge from the map, which is on a small scale, the site 
of Cridia Abbey seems to lie within the present parish 
of Llandyssil. 

There seems to be scarcely anything known relating 
to this Abbey, which was destroyed in the thirteenth 
century. 

The following passage respecting the circumstances 
of its destruction occurs in Warrington's History of 
Wales (page 352). 

A.D. 1228. Henry III, attended by Hubert de Burgh, on 
whom the castle of Montgomery had been lately conferred, came 
to its relief with all possible despatch. On the approach of the 
English King the Welsh raised the siege. Having received a 
reinforcement, Henry ventured to penetrate the recesses of the 
forest.^ With infinite difficulty he opened a passage for his 
army, by setting fire to the woods, and at length arrived at a 
solitary place called Cridia, of the Carmelite order, an abbey 
belonging to the white friars. Having been informed that this 
religious house had been used by the Welsh as a place of retreat, 
he laid it in ashes, and its situation being judged^ impregnable, 
Hubert de Burgh with the King's consent laid the foundation 
of a castle. (Math. Paris, p. 295). 

^ Supposed by some to be what is now called " Cefn y Coed." 
2 If so, from its high position it has been suggested that "Cefn 
Bryntalch" would be the site. 



314 CRIDIA ABBEY. 

This gives very slight information ; indeed nothing 
further than that Cridia Abbey was not far distant from 
Montgomery, and that it was of the Carmelite order. 
The able historians of Shrewsbury,^ in giving an ac- 
count of the interruption of the good understanding 
which had existed between the courts of England and 
Wales up to the year 1228, in the following passage 
incidentally afford more information respecting this re- 
ligious house and its probable situation, than is to be 
found elsewhere, so far as our researches have extended. 

" The King had granted the honour and castle of 
Montgomery to his Justiciary, the great Hubert de Burgh, 
and the garrison there having received orders to cut 
down a large wood,^ not less than five miles in length,^ 

^ Owen and Blakeway's Hist, of Shreivshury, vol. i, p. 106. (1825.) 
2 [This and the next two notes are Owen and Blakeway's.] Mr. 
Carte says that it was in the direction of Kery ; and he is perhaps 
correct in this notion, though M. Paris says nothing to that effect ; 
for more than twenty years later, the Close Rolls of 35 Henry III, 
note 13, contain a command to John le Estrange to go with William 
de Odingsels to Kery and Kedewy, " ad videndum si passus inter 
boscos Oweni f. Meredic and Oweni f. Hoel ibidem sint boni et 
satis ampli ad securitatem transeuntium," and if they shall find that 
the "passus" are sufficiently large, then they shall not permit that 
the men of Montgomery commit waste of those woods, or of those of 
any other freeholders, under pretence of the said passages. ( Vugdale 
MSS. vol. B i, in Ashm. Libr.) Even in England, and more than 
half a century later, the evil arising from extensive woods called for 
the attention of the legislature. The statute of Winton (a.d. 1285), 
chap. 5, directs that the highways shall be cleared of wood to the 
breadth of 200 feet on each side " ou hom pent taper pur mal fere ": 
where a man may hide himself to do mischief. These notices of the 
face of our island in those days, are not unworthy of remark, and 
afford a picture not very dissimilar from the present state of an 
American wilderness. Not fifty years ago, a great part of the dis- 
trict spoken of in the former part of this note was still a tract of 
extensive wood-land. 

^ Mr. Carte says five leagues. The word employed by the histo- 
rian is leuca, which is assuredly of the same origin with the French 
lieue, a measure of three miles, but in our English writers it always ap- 
pears to denote only one. Spelman (Gloss.') and Dugdale (Warw. 31) 
are clear that the Domesday leuca was a mile ; and Mr. Nichols 
(Dissert, prefixed to his Hist, of Leicest.) quotes Ingulphus (in a 
reference which we cannot verify) to the same effect. Mr. Blomefield 
{Norf. ix, 381) would have the leuca to denote two miles ; but the 



CRIDIA ABBEY. 315 

says Matthew Paris, which offered too convenient a 
shelter to the depredations of robbers, were unexpectedly 
assailed by the Welsh, and driven into their castle, 
where they were closely besieged, and whence they sent 
pressing messengers to their lord supplicating his aid. 
The young King, enraged at this affront to his favourite, 
and eager to try his maiden sword, hastened with a 
small band to Montgomery, raised the siege,^ and being 
strongly reinforced, destroyed the wood, after which ad- 
vancing into the heart of the country, he burned a house 
of White MonkSy on the site of which the justiciary 
erected a castle." 

The historians in a note quote the following as their 
authority : 

^' Habitaculum alhi ordinis^ Cridia vocatum/' and 
then they proceed to say, that they were unable to 
state the situation of this monastery ; that Mr. Carte 
called it a religious house at Kerry ; but that Tanner 
mentioned nothing of the kind there ; that Mr. Jones 
{History of Brecon, yoI. i, p. 129), conjectured Cridia to 
be a corruption of Creigian, the rocks : but he threw 
no light upon its situation ; that a writer in the Cam- 
brian Register (vol. i, p. 326), considered it a generic 
terip, Crefydd-dy, a religious house; while Mr. Bingley, 
in his Welsh Tour (vol. ii, p. 35), and Mr. Kaley (Cam- 
brian Register , vol. ii, p. 283), placed it at Kemmer, 
near Dolgelley ; and the former quoted M. Paris and 
D. Powell as confirming this assertion, which, however, 
is not the case. They express the opinion themselves 

Charter of Edward III, to Bristol, 1373, reciting that it was distant 
from Gloucester and Ilch ester j9er triginta leucas, (about thirty leucae) 
is decisive against him, for the actual distance of Bristol from the 
former of those places is 34 and from the latter 38 statute miles : so 
that we may safely take the leuca to be an English mile by com- 
putation. Froissart makes Fleshy thirty lieues from London ; it is 
aLout that number of miles. 

^ The Welsh Chronicles make the King of England aggressor in 
this business, and assert, that having determined to subdue the 
principality, he advanced into the marches, and encamped at Ceri, 
i.e., Kerry. 



316 CRIDIA ABBEY. 

that it is highly improbable that Henry ventured so 
far into the interior of Wales on this occasion. These 
various speculations shew how uncertain the site of 
this abbey appeared to be to a variety of authors. 

Our authors proceed to say that Hubert de Burgh 
was so highly pleased with the site of the monastery 
that, according to a custom, which is not quite obsolete, 
he called the castle he erected there, Hubert's Folly :^ 

The construction of this fortress was not tamely viewed by the 
Welsh. Many skirmishes took place between the two armies; 
in one of these William de Breos was taken prisoner, and car- 
ried away captive by Llewelyn : and the King of England 
became so weary of the contest, that, in the end, he was 
glad to retreat ; being compelled thereto, as the monk of St. 
Alban's suggests, by the treachery of certain of his nobles, who 
held a secret correspondence with his enemies ; in consequence 
of which Hubert was obliged, on receiving three thousand 
marks from the Prince of Wales, to dismantle the castle^ so 
recently constructed. This was, perhaps, the compensation 
which had been the subject of so much negociation; and by this 
slight payment, which in the next year Llewelyn extorted from 
Breos for his ransom, and by an external show of respectful 
submission to his brother-in-law, at their meeting, the Welsh 

^ Matthew of Westminster, the abridger of his namesake of St. 
Alban's, makes this name of the castle to be given to it by the 
Welsh, and this would seem at first most likely ; but Matthew- 
Paris, whom he copies, is express to the contrary — " Justitiarius 
dans illi nomen, vocavit illud Stultitiam Huberti ; " and he founds 
thereon a witticism which would lose its point on the other suppo- 
sition. A similar instance occurs in the life of the second and very 
eccentric Duke of Buckingham (of the Villiers family), who, when 
his friends would dissuade him from a very expensive piece of 
architecture, called it his Folly. The name is certainly old ; for 
William Baxter, the antiquary, speaking of his maternal ancestor, 
Bichard Forster of Sutton Madoc, secretary to Bishop Bonner, 
says, " egregias aedes posuit in urbecula dicta Brugge sive Ad Pon- 
tem, vel hodie dictas, Forestarii Dementiam.'^ Vita authoris prsefixa 
Glossario Rom. Mr. Coxe, therefore, errs, in his History of Mon- 
mouthshire, p. 121, when he supposes the name to have been first 
given to a whimsical edifice erected by a gentleman of that county 
in the latter end of the seventeenth century. 

2 Hereupon, said the laughers of that day, the justiciary proved 
himself a prophet — yea, more than a prophet, in the name he im- 
posed upon this ephemeral fortress. M. Paris, S2(h. ami. 



CRIDIA ABBEY. 



317 



'prince soon pacified the easy king, and we find a safe conduct 
(October 13, 1229), for the Princess of Wales to visit Shrews- 
bury. 

In another account of the transaction, mentioned in 
our first quotation from Warrington's History of Wales, 
it is stated that the place where the destroyed monas- 
tery stood was called Cridia, and it is added, in a paren- 
thesis, that " the Welsh annalists say it was Kerry. "^ 
But no particular spot in Kerry is mentioned as the 
presumed site of the monastery. We refrain from 
going further into the subject, feeling assured that the 
member of the club who is engaged upon the history 
of Kerry will go fully into it, and vindicate any claim 
Kerry may have for the site of this abbey. 

Another modern author, Mr. Hulbert,^ fixes the site 
with more precision. In tracing the course of the river 
Severn from Newtown downwards, he says, "Two miles 
further is Court Calmore, the seat of A. D. Johnes, Esq. 
Further on the right bank of the river Severn, is Castell 
Goran Ddu, supposed to be the remains of a monastery 
destroyed by Henry III, and lower down Caer Howel, 
the seat of Major Harrison." 

There is some little confusion in Hulbert's account, 
in respect to the relative positions of the different 
residences he mentions, and it is not improbable his 
information was second-hand. Nevertheless, his main 
statement that Cridia Abbey, the monastery that was 
destroyed by Henry II, was situated on the Goranddu, 
which is in the parish of Llandyssil, is the only precise 
identification of the site which we have found. Goran- 
ddu is marked on the ordnance map as lying between 
Bryutalch and the river Severn. 

Some have looked upon the mounds at Brynderwen, 
which is four miles from Montgomery, and one mile from 
Dolforwyn Castle, as the remains of some large building, 
and considered them more likely to be the site of an 

^ Woodward's History of Wales, p. 371. 

2 Hulbert's History of the Town and County of Salop ^ including the 
course of the Biver Severn^ vol, i, p. 62. 



318 CRIDIA ABBEY. 

abbey than any other that can be pointed out in the 
parish of Llandyssil, being situate near the river Severn, 
and in a more suitable locahty for an abbey than the 
top of a hill such as the Goranddu ; but Brynderwen 
does not fulfil the descriptions of the site as given by the 
historians above quoted, nor does there appear to be any 
tradition about an abbey having been in that neighbour- 
hood. 

At present, therefore, the Goranddu is the only place 
that has been named as the site of Cridia Abbey. These 
few fragmentary notes have been made to draw attention 
to the subject, and in the hope that they may lead to< 
further inquiries and investigations which may result in 
the more certain identification and description of the 
site of this long-lost monastery. 



I 



319 



LLANEHAIADE-YN-MOCHNANT.i 

ITS PAROCHIAL HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES. 
By THOMAS W. HANCOCK. 



CHAP VII. 
FOLK-LORE, MISCELLANEOUS, ETC. 

Careg-y-Big ; (the stone of contention, or the Bick- 
ering"^ stone). — This stone is surrounded by curious 
traditions. The following remarks respecting it, from 
a MS. note by the Be v. Edward Edwards, Bector of 
Llanymynech, have been kindly furnished us by the 
Bev. Bobert Williams, of Llangadwaladr. 

" 1 790. About 1 50 years ago, Llanrhaiadr-yn-Moclinaiit was 
remarkable for its ' Oareg-y-Big,' a pyramidal stone pillar in the 
village. To ascend this pillar, and to say ' Captain Careg-y-Big,' 
was a general challenge which was sure to end in mischief and 
bloodshed. These riots often happened on a Sunday evening, 
and the common enquiry on Monday was, as to how many were 
killed at Llanrhaiadr the evening before. Mr. Maurice of Peny- 
bont [Llanerchemrys], removed the stone and buried it in a deep 
pool near his own house. There is a tradition that he was 
drowned in that pool, and the country people believed that the 
misfortune was a punishment for removing Careg-y-Big.' ' 

The stone was removed doubtless at the instance of 
the Bev. David Parry, the vicar of Llanrhaiadr, from 
1675 to 1682. The poet Huw Morris, in the following 

^ Continued from vol. v, p. 352. 

2 There is a village in Northumberland called " Bickerston," 
which has its derivation from the " bickering" and fighting for- 
merly in great renown there, similar in character to those of the 
" Mochnauwys" at Llanrhaiadr. 



320 LLANEHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 

stanzas addressed to the Kev. David Parry, alludes to 
this stone. 

" Cas wyd, coeg wyd, cegiden — cweryl, 
Careg big y gydben_, 

Cwynaw tolciaw — can talcen ; 
Codiad bai yw cadw dy ben. 

Lie byddai'r ffraeau rhy ffrom — gwaith rliydost, 
A gweithredoedd Sodom, 
Duw o^i ras a wnae drosom, 
Bwyntio sant i Bant y Siom/' 

[Vile art thou, deceitful art thou, the elf — of quarrels. 
The bickering-stone of struggles. 
There are groans — the bruising of a hundred heads ; 
To preserve thee is to uphold sin. 

Where there existed frays, very severe — shocking work. 

And the deeds of Sodom, 

God in his grace hath for us, 

Appointed a devoted man, to this vale of discontent.] 

T. W. H. 

Tradition says that Mr. Maurice removed the stone 
with a team of oxen, to his residence at Penybont, and 
that upon its arrival there quite a grotesque scene took 
place among the horned and unhorned beasts of all kinds 
in the place. The evil genii accompanying the stone set 
the whole group in a ferment, and a furor possessed 
them ; and they indulged in all sorts of wild and ec- 
centric antics, each strove to possess the ' captaincy ' of 
the stone, in imitation of the Llanrhaiadr frays. Gory 
fights among them were the result, so that the good 
gentleman was glad with all speed to remove the stone 
and cast it into the depths of the nearest pool in the 
river Tanat. Mr. Edwards describes the stone as 
* pyramidal ' ; 'Big,' verily has the meaning of 'pointed' 
or ' pyramidal,' but it also means ' spite,' ' bickering' &c. 
Stones called ' Careg-y-big,' are still found, and not un- 
frequently, in Wales. It is not certain what was the 
exact shape, or size of the stone. Some old people state 
that it was used as a horseblock^ ; if so, it probably had 
an ancient history. 

^ Horseblocks are particularly noticed in some of the ancient 



LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 321 

State of Society.— In the Eev. E. Edwards's notes 
before alluded to, it is remarked, 

"About this time, [i.e. the removal of Careg-j-big] 'this 
neighbourhood was infested by a gang of thieves and house- 
breakers. Their rendezvous was at a house on the Montgomery- 
shire side of Llanrhaiadr village, and the house retains the name 
of^itffern' (hell), to this day [1790]. This gang was dispersed 
by the activity and vigorous prosecution of Mr. Jones of Squen- 
nant, whose house they attempted to break into.^^ 

Traditions are still current relating to these despera- 
does, and that they were in the habit of supplying 
human bodies to distant surgeons for anatomical dis- 
section. Some subjects it is said they obtained from 
graveyards, but they did not scruple to commit murder 

Welsh laws. They were often landmarks as well as memorials 
(" Trioedd Dyfnwal Moelmud," Myv. ArcJiceology, Gee's reprint, pp. 
920-942). " It is ordered and established for the purpose of prevent- 
ing the uncertainty of a claim, that the bards shall keep an orderly 
record of pedigrees, nobility, and inheritance. For the same pur- 
pose, also, is the memorial of the back fire-stone, the boundary stone, 
and the horse-blocJc, and he that removes them ofiers an insult to 
the court and the judge." Again, " Three things preserve the me- 
morial of land and its site, and stand as testimonies in regard 
thereto ; the back fire-stone, the kiln-stone, and the horse-block ; 
because they bear the mark of the nation, and whoever shall remove 
them without the permission of the lord of the property, shall be 
guilty of theft by the judgment of court and law, inasmuch as they 
are strong witnesses, and whoever destroys a strong testimony is 
worthy of death." 

In the romance of The Lady of the Fountain is found the following 
note: — "Ellis, in his notes to Way's Fabliaux, has the following 
remarks upon horse-blocks, which are mentioned in a vast number 
of old romances : — ' They were frequently placed on the roads, and 
in the forests, and were almost numberless in the towns. Many of 
them still remain in Paris, where they were used by the magistrates 
in order to mount their mules, on which they rode to the courts of 
justice. On these blocks, or on the tree which was generally planted 
near them, were usually suspended the shields of those knights who 
wished to challenge all comers to feats of arms. They were also 
sometimes used as a place of judgment, and a rostrum, on which the 
barons took their seats when they determined the difference between 
their vassals, and from whence the public criers made proclamation 
to the people.' '' The Llanrhaiadr stone, with its " feats of arms," had 
a faint parallelism with the Gallic " tournaments". 

VOL. VI. Y 



322 LLANKHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 

to enable them to carry on their horrible trade. A ruse 
ultimately broke up the gang. One night they went to 
Squennant with burglarious intent, but were defeated 
by the vigilance of the housekeeper. The owner, Mr. 
Jones upon his return home, adopted the plan of send- 
ing a messenger in the disguise of a surgeon's assistant 
in search of a subject for anatomical study, to the wife 
of one of the gang, and she being alone at home and off 
her guard, incautiously replied " that the men had had 
ill-luck the previous nights, but she was expecting them 
home that night early." This remark was the cause of 
their being apprehended and brought to justice ; the 
sequel, the " gaol files " of the county can best tell. 

Gwyl Mabsant. (The Wakes.) — This festival com- 
menced on the Sunday next before the 24th July, 
which day was the prelude to a fortnight's revelry and 
pastime. First, early on the Sunday morning, the men 
and children of the village went around all the farm- 
houses in the parish, and those adjoining, in search of 
milk for the purpose of making the " dainty dishes " for 
the tables. By eleven o'clock they had returned with 
their cans full ; and soon afterwards, all the cookery 
preparations being ready for the bakers' ovens, these 
were well filled. Soon after the parish clock had struck 
the hour of noon, the rustic hordes began to pour into 
the village from all parts of the neighbourhood. At 
about three o'clock the village became densely crowded. 
At four o'clock the feasting began in earnest, in all the 
houses in the village. Dancing and merry-making com- 
menced about eight o'clock in the principal public-houses, 
lasting throughout the night. Ball playing, cock fight- 
ing, trials of strength, throwing the crow-bar, &c., were 
the order of the day for Monday. The church-yard was 
the playground for the ball-players. There would be 
three groups at play, one against the north side of the 
steeple, the other against the west wall of it, and the 
juveniles against the north wall of the church. This 
was the favourite pastime for Monday, and crowds of 
people became spectators, occupying every available 



LLANRHAIADH-YN-MOCHNANT. 



323 



! to witness the contests ; other groups were busily 

[engaged in their several games in other parts of the 

village and parish. The cock-fighters assembled at the 

pits at Maesybwch, &c., for this purpose ; regular pits 

were constructed, the arena of some of them still to be 

seen, measures about 12 feet diameter. The parties 

engaged in trials of strength, throwing the crow-bar, 

and such like games, assembled at either of the ' Greens.V 

The evening of the day was spent in drinking and rioting, 

additional facilities for drinking were afforded, on these 

occasions, by private houses claiming a right by ancient 

prescription to sell ale without license. These houses 

[were distinguished by a '* holly bush" being placed above 

ie door. This was a custom also at all fairs. On 

'uesday there was a repetition of the Monday's sports, 

ith this variation, that a mayor was elected for the 

ensuing year, who was to act as master of the parochial 

^akes and assemblies. After his election, which took 

)lace at a public-house, he was dressed in "robes of 

office'^, white cotton vestments, decked with ribbons, 

pnd brought out with boisterous honours to be mounted 

iither on horseback, or placed in a cart and dragged 

through the streets by the throng, passing from house 

house to beg money. To the shoutings of the crowd 

'-as added the discordant din of a drum, flutes, and 

iddles, with any other instrument that could be had for 

[the occasion. The greatest fair of the year was held 

[during this week, called "the Fair of St. Dogfan's wake " 

If'Ffair Vahsant''). This fair still exists, and is the only 

remnant of the wake. The week having run its course 

cin high jollity and revel, preparations were again made 

on the second Sunday for another week of similar and 

teven greater riot, called " the little wakes". This 

[Sunday was also held as a fair-day, for the sale of all 

[sorts of *' toothsome" things, as well as for pedlar's ware, 

J&c. Puppet and other showmen were attracted hither, 

•to this time, and great was their " draw " on that day. 

iThe finale of these wakes, to the masses, was empty 

ipockets, bruised heads, and general ruin. Such is a 

Y 2 



324 LLANRHAIADll-YN-MOCHNANT. 

brief summary of the manner in which these feasts were 
kept up so late as the year 1814, from which time they 
began to decline. An old man came to the village at 
the ''wake time^', in the year 1832 (having been absent 
forty years), to join in the sports which he had engaged 
in in his youth, but to his mortification perfect quietness 
prevailed, and the old sinner went away in disgust, it 
is said, at the change. Easter week was also another 
great season for revelling and fighting. 

The " Y-shilr" (see illustration). — At Glanhavon fawr 
in the big kitchen may be seen a unique fixture, part of 
an ancient piece of furniture, which is called the "y-sbt\r". 
The word is pronounced nearly like "sbeere"; and is a 
pure Welsh word, denoting a short post or pillar to set 
things upon. It consists of a massive Gothic carved oak 
pillar, surmounted by three ornaments, and having at- 
tached thereto a piece of oak pannelling within a broad 
and deep moulded frame. The lowest ornament on the 
pillar represents a wooden butter-box with its lid, similar 
to what is used by country people when going on a 
journey ; the next figures, similar to each other, difiering 
only in size, are wedge-shaped pieces cut from a sphere, 
representing perhaps the quarterings of a round (Dutch- 
like) cheese, attached to each other. Its present position 
is near the fire-place ; originally it was near the door in 
the kitchen of the old house. Tradition states that its 
uses were to support a sideboard, whereon was placed 
provisions of bread-and-cheese, &c., for any poor and 
wayfaring man who might choose to call. It therefore 
stands as a memorial of the charity of an owner of the 
house of Glanhavon (the Lloyds).^ 

^ The same family we are told adopted other modes of relieving 
the poor. At Peutrehobin, near Mold, a mansion belonging to the 
same family, dating about the year 1540, another provision was 
made of the following kind, viz., six cells, or llettySj were bailt, and 
a bed placed in each ; and any poor or wayfaring man passing 
that way and asking for the charity, had there a night's lodging, a 
supper, and a breakfast given him. The accommodations under 
notice, it is said, were made about the time of the dissolution of 
the monasteries, to meet the deprivation to which the poor and way- 
faring were then subjected. 




T,W.H>iNCOCK,PlNX»T. 



ScaJe 3/* Inch, to 2 Foot 



The "sphere" ( at Glanhavon-fawr) 

An Anc/ent S/deboard. 



Risv Lpool 



Motlt: Co//: V/p32'f. 



LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 



325 



Civm Blowty. — The derivation of the name is uncer- 
Itain. One tradition we have before given ascribes its 
[meaning to Balaam and Owtyn, as being a compound of 
Bala Owty farther contracted into Bloioty ; another 
[ascribes its name to its having a mill (a '^ Blaivdty") in it, 
[changed into Bloivty and Blotty. The remains of an 
!old corn mill still exist near Maesybwch. Blotta is an 
old word for " begging flour", and the poor of the parish 
[■were in the habit formerly of taking circuits, in companies, 
[of begging anything. The custom still exists here of 
[wool-begging, after sheep- shearing time. lolo Goch 
1 describes the old begging women of his time in the 
I following lines : — 

" Rliif annigrif enengrest, 
Blotta, gwlana, gwera, gwest, 
Cawsa/cica, minco'etli, 
Casa pwngc, ceisiaw pobpeth : 
Llawer cydaid hen wenith 
Llawer baich ar eu braich brith.^' 

[Translation.'] 

Grotesque knots of old shrivelled mouths, 
Go begging flour, wool^ fat, to houses. 
Begging cheese, meat, with smooth words, 
Hateful work, they seek everything ; 
Many a bagful of old wheat, — 
Many things in the burden on their grey arms. 

T. W. H. 

Baich-y-Catvr a'r Gawres, a Ffedogaid-y-Forv:yn. 
(The Giants' Burdens, and the Servant-maid's Apronful.) 

-These are huge rocks standing near the middle of the 
vale, at the head of Cwmblowty. The legend is that a 
giant who resided in the neighbouring mountain of the 
Berwyn, with his consort and their servant-maid, went 
one night to build a bridge over the hollow called Pant- 
y-cawr, and intended to complete the same before day- 
break, in order to surprise their neighbour who lived on 
the opposite heights ; but when engaged in carrying the 
stones for their work, a neighbour's cock crew, and 
warned them that day-break was at hand. Their design 
of completing their work during the hours of darkness 



326 LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 

being thus defeated, they hastily threw down their 
burdens, where they still remain, and hastened home. 

Balaam and Owtyn. — These persons, by tradition, 
were the first settlers and possessors of land in Cwm- 
blowty. The site of their possessions lies near Pistyll 
Bhaiadr, " Meusydd Balaam" lying on the south side of 
the river, and "Ty Owtyn" on the north side. The ruin 
(murddin) of his house is close to the road, near Tany- 
pistell. 

Cader Ferwyn and Llyn-llyn-caws, — These names 
refer back to remote antiquity. Berwyn it is said was 
one of three brothers who were giants ; Myvyr, 
Rhuddwyn, and Berwyn. Myvyr and Bhuddwyn were 
located in the neighbouring parish of Llansilin, whose 
names are perpetuated in the following places, ' Bedd 
Bhuddwyn Gawr, Caer Bhuddwyn, and Llyn Bhudd- 
wyn ; Caer Myvyr,' &c. Berwyn's grave is said to be at 
Llangar in Merionethshire. 

In reference to ^'Llyn-llyn-caws" there are several 
simple legends. The word (stripped of the first " llyn\ 
which seems tautological) signifies the " Lake of Caws" ; 
but what " Caws" means we have yet to learn. It enters 
into the names of other places in this parish, as " Erw- 
bol-caws" ; the word is also found in the neighbouring 
parish as " Craig-y-Caws", a part of Mynydd-y-Bryn. 
In other places in Montgomeryshire the same word is 
found, as "Nant-y-Caws'', near Welshpool. The writer 
thinks the original form may have been " Cawr" (a giant) ; 
and if this explanation be received, the name would 
signify "the lake of the giant". 

The Vicarage Mill. — This mill was built (according 
to tradition) for the benefit of the poor of the parish, 
but at what time and by whom it is not known. It was 
formerly let to the miller upon condition that the toll 
upon the corn ground there should be divided into three 
equal portions, between the miller, the poor, and the 
vicar. The portions for the poor and the vicar were 
deposited in different chests. The distribution to the 
poor took place weekly at the vicarage. An old man 
now in his 86th year told the writer that it was so 



LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 327 

within his recollection. The ancient custom was aban- 
doned, and the poor deprived of their privilege, in the 
time of the Rev. Robert Jones, vicar, when the present 
practice of letting it on rent was adopted. The old man 
farther said that when he was a boy it was currently 
reported that the "new mills" in the village were origin- 
ally built by an owner of '' Clynog " for the benefit of the 
poor of the parish. 

Charms. — Swyndr 'Ryri (Charming the herpes zoster, 
zona, ov '' shingles"). — This custom_was more prevalent ^^^T^-u^ 
in this parish than in any other in Montgomeryshire, ^^i^%, 
A certain amount of penance was to be done by the n^-^vi 
sufferer, who was to go to the charmer in the morning'^"'"^/ 
fasting, who was also to be fasting. The mode of cure 
was simple ; the charmer breathed gently upon the 
inflamed part, and then followed a series of little spittings 
upon and around it. A few visits to the charmer, and 
sometimes even a single one was sufficient to effect a 
cure.^ The power of charming for the " 'Ryri" is now 
lost, or in any event has not been practised in this parish 
for several years past. The possession of this remarkable 
healing power by the charmer was said to have been 
derived from the circumstance of either the- charmer 
himself, or one of his ancestors within the ninth degree, 
having eaten of the flesh of the eagle, the virtue being, 
it was alleged, transmitted from the person who had so 
partaken, to his descendants for nine generations. The 
tradition is that the disorder was introduced into the 
country by a malevolent eagle. 

Some charmers before the operation of spitting, mut- 
tered to themselves the following incantation : — 

" Yr Eryr Eryres 
Mi a'th ddanfonais 
Bros naw mor a thros naw mynydd 
A thros naw erw o dir anghelfydd 
Lie na chyfartho ci, ac na frefo fuwch 
Ac na ddelo yr eryr byth yn uwch.'^ 

^ The writer remembers being himself, when a child of eight 
years old, submitted to the operation of the charm, and a cure ensued 
without the use of any other means ! 



328 LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 

[Translation.'] 

Male eagle, female eagle, 

I send you, [By the operation of blowing we presume ] 

Over nine seas and over nine mountains, 

And over nine acres of unserviceable land, 

Where no dog shall bark, and no cow shall low. 

And where no eagle shall ever rise. 

T. W. H. 

Then the operator sealed the doom of the vicious 
thing by the spitting, " on its head", ("ar ei phen") that 
is, on the eruption. 

Cyfrify llyfrithen ("Counting the stye," on the eye- 
lid). — There were two remedies used for curing a stye. 
The one was to pluck out a hair from the eye-lid in the 
centre of the stye. But the other, less painful, was to 
charm it away by " counting the age of the stye." The 
charmer took an ordinary steel knitting needle and made 
"passes" at the stye, in a mesmeric manner, with a point 
of the needle, without touching it, and at the same time 
muttering its " age " with the following incantation, — 
'' one stye, two stye, three stye," up to nine ; and then 
reversing it from the nine, as " nine stye, eight stye, 
seven stye," down to *' one stye," and ^^ no stye" \ this 
was to be said all in one breath ; if the charmer drew a 
breath whilst in the act of counting, the spell was broken, 
but three attempts were allowed. The stye it was alleged 
would "die" from that time, and within twenty-four hours 
disappear. 

Chvyf-yr-edef-wlan (The woollen thread sickness). — 
This sickness was also called in Welsh " Ymaendwnen." 
The symptoms resembled the jaundice. Also where per- 
sons had been for some time suffering from great debility 
and prostration of the nervous system, and unable to ac- 
count for their illness, resort was had to the 'edefwlan.' 
The charmer's first step was to ascertain the nature of the 
complaint, which was done by taking a thread of clean 
white woollen yarn having a fair twist in it, of three 
lengths measuring from the elbow of the sick- person's 
arm to the tip of his middle finger. This thread was 



LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 329 

measured three times in the same way ; if the thread 
lengthened, the complaint was declared not to be that 
of " the woollen thread", and could not be cured by it : 
but if the thread became shorter, it was pronounced that 
the sickness could be so cured. The extent of the 
complaint was indicated by the shortenings of the thread, 
which sometimes would shorten two or three inches. 
After the existence and nature of the complaint was thus 
determined, the thread was made into a skein and put 
around the neck of the patient. Then a drink was pre- 
pared of the following ingredients, viz., a quart of the 
oldest beer (hir) that could be procured, into which a 
piece of st^eel heated to a white heat was dipped, and 
half an ounce of meadow saffron tied up in a piece of 
clean muslin. This infusion was divided into seven equal 
portions, and one portion administered, in two doses, 
daily. Thrice daily also was the thread measured, to 
mark the progress of the cure, or the reverse. If the 
thread lengthened the sick person was recovering. 

Swyndr ddafaden-wyllt (Charming the wild- wart ).^ — 
The charmer took a branch of elder tree, stripped off the 
outer bark, and split off a small skewer sized piece, which 
he held near the wart for a few minutes and then rubbed 
it three or nine times on the wart, muttering at the 
same time an incantation of his own composing ; he then 
pierced the wart with either a needle or thorn. Afterwards 
the piece of elder was transfixed with the needle or thorn, 
and both were buried in a dunghill of hot manure. It 
was alleged that the decay of the wart would be concur- 
rent with the rotting of the piece of elder and the needle 
or thorn. 

These charms have become extinct in this parish many 
years ago, more especially the last three. 

Codi Cythrenliaid (Kaising the devils). — About forty- 
five years ago there lived in this parish a regular pro- 
fessional medical man, who loved to "wave a wand", 
call up spirits from the "vasty deep", and put them 
down again, and act the oracle in divinations. The 
country people around, called him the " devil's bum- 



330 LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 

bailiff" (hwm-bailir cythraul). He was much rosorted 
to by the friends of parties mentally deranged, many of 
whom he cured. Whenever he assumed to practise the 
" black art", he put on a most grotesque dress ; a cap 
of sheepskin with a high crown, bearing a plume of 
pigeons' feathers, and a coat of unusual pattern, with 
broad hems and covered with talismanic characters. In 
his hand he had a whip the thong of which was made of 
the skin of an eel, and the handle of bone ; with this 
he drew a circle around him, outside of which at a proper 
distance he kept those persons who came to him, whilst 
he went through his mystic sentences and performances. 

Miscellaneous. A destructive storm. — The following 
is an extract from the Harleian MSS.^ " An° 1556, 
26 July was such tempest of raine and healestones in the 
parish of Llanrhaiadr that the like was never seen before, 
biger than tennis balls, and beate down the corne and 
brake the straw all to peeces, that they had no good of 
the corne ; in hope that God would give them corne 
next year after, for that yeare they had none, and the 
same day came the Lord Lumley and my lady his wife, 
daughter to Henry Earl of Arundell to Whittington, 
and the morrow after to the town of Oswestree, and there 
did make merry all that day, beinge 2 and 3 of King 
PhiUip and Mary." 

Dr. Morgans Summer-house. — In the field called 
Caepenwalk, near the north east corner stood a summer- 
house called "the summer-house of Doctor Morgan". A 
portion of its walls were standing in the memory of per- 
sons now living, together with a Gothic window-frame in- 
serted at the gable end. On one side of the arch of the 
frame were the words " ora * pro * * '* rudely carved. 
In reference to the window-frame, it is contended by 
those who remember it that it was not of the date of Dr. 
Morgan's time, but rather of Dr. Worthington's. But 
it was probably restored by the latter as a memorial of 
the worthy translator. 

Charles II's visit. — This Eoyal personage, with a 

1 Earl. MS., 1970. Plat., Iviii, i, 34. 



LL ANRH AI ADR- YN-MOCHN ANT. 331 

wing of his army, passed through this parish on the 22nd 
September, 1644, and it is said that he slept a night at 
Clynog. His followers were quartered among the vari- 
ous loyal houses in the parish. At Plasmaengwynedd 
a piece of brass ornament is preserved, said to have 
belonged to the royal army, which probably was an orna- 
ment belonging to some of the horse-trappings. Tra- 
dition states that Charles himself went through Cymdu, 
over Gefnhirfynydd to Chirk Castle ; while one of the 
divisions of the army went to Llansilin, intending to 
flank the Parliamentary army in that neighbourhood. 
But the results given in accounts of his progress show 
that the royal army was utterly routed on the 24th 
September. 

Dr. Johnson's visit. — This great savant visited 
Llanrhaiadr in the year 1774, which he has recorded in 
his Diary of a Journey into North Wales, Tradition 
states that he honoured the shop of a Mr. PoweU. in the 
village with a call, and bought a pair of buckled garters. 



APPENDIX TO CHAPTER YII. 

ADDITIONS. 

Extracts from Parish Registers. — In one of the registers 
(beginning with 1713) of baptisms and burials, the following 
Elegiac is written, possibly by the Rev. R. Langford, vicar 1 720- 
1733. A similar one which appears in the Rev. D. R. Thomases 
History of St. Asaph, page 408, is attributed to the Rev. John 
Langford/ Rector of Derwen, 1672-1718, Merionethshire, who 
was we believe the father of the vicar of Llanrhaiadr. 

^' Baptizatorum tibi nomina singula signo 
Atque ita defuncfcos ordine quosque loco. 
Sed paucos memora sociali foedera junctos 
Transilijt metas luxuriosa proles." 

The purport of the last two lines is not very creditable to 
the morals of the parishioners. 

1 He was buried in this church of Llanrhaiadr. See tablet to 
the Langfords, Mont. Coll., vol. v, p. 313. 



5 





5 











6 


6 


2 


4 



3 3 2 LL ANRHAI ADR- YN-MOCHNANT. 

Extracts from Vestry Books. 
Flagging the Church. 
1714. C.W.'s Ac.^ Paid Henry Humphries for carriage and stone 

from Llangynog to flag the church - - - 05 1 06 

Paid Edward Roberts for flagging the church - - 01 16 03 

[The work of flagging inside forms a frequent item in the Accounts ] 

New Windows. 

1714. Paid John Richards for making the new window in ye gutter 00 07 00 

[Query, which? Possibly a skylight in one of the aisle roofs.] 

1716. Paid Edward Roberts for making the new window and other 

work - - - - - - - - 00 10 00 

Paid Morris Powell for iron to the new window, &c. - 00 10 11 

The Steeple. 

1717. Paid John Roberts for taking down the timber of the 
steeple [probably the old wooden belfry], and carrying them 
to Mr. Langfords - - - - - - 

Paid Thomas Jones the same work - - - - 

ri6 3 

1717-18. Paid Hugh ab William Mason - - ^17 8 

(47 19 0—83 

Paid the plumber for lead for the steeple - - - 2 

1755. Paid for scaffolding for pointing the steeple - - 

[A similar entry for the other side of the parish is made by the other 

overseers. These items are for the new steeple.] 

The Bells. 

1718. V. M.2 " Henry Lloyd of Llanhafon left a legacy of ^20 towards a 

new bell to the church of Llanrhaiadr, to be paid by his sister, 

Elizabeth Lloyd, as Exx." 
1742, May 17. " The legacy of Henry Lloyd was paid in by his sister, 

now Elizabeth Maurice of Bryngwalia, widow." — Peter Powell, 

Vicar. 
1 728. C.W.'s Ac. Paid for timber to make a frame for the bell 7 9 

Paid for making the frame - - - - 8 3 16 

1735. V. M. 7th November. *' Ordered that ^636 be raised by rate, .£6 be 

applied to the repairing the church, and d£30 be applied towards 

procuring and purchasing a sett of bells to be sett up in the 

steeple." — Signed, Peter Powell, Minister, and others. 

1737. V. M. Nov. 18th. " Ordered (if occasion require) That the sum of 

dB30 now lying in the hands of David Jenkins be raised and levyd 
for and towards the purchasing of bells." — David Lloyd, Curate. 

1738. V. M. Ffebruary 9th. " That ^27 be raised to repair the church (the 

same being in a ruinous condition), and if any of the said sum 
shall happen to remain and undisposed after the repairing of the 
church. It is hereby likewise further ordered that the overplus 
and residue thereof be apply! for and towards the purchasing of 
bells." — Peter Powell, Vicar, and ors. 

1739. V.M. Septr. 8th. [A similar minute to the last.] 

1740. V. M. 14th September. "Ordered that the money now remaining in 

the hands of the late wardens be as soon as possible apply'd for 
and towards purchasing of three tunable bells." — David Lloyd, 
Curate. 
V. M. 6th November. *' We whose names are hereunto subscribed do 
hereby desire the Honed Edward Madocks, Esquire, to send as soon 
as possible to Mr. Abel Rudhall, bellfounder, for three bells, such 
as he mentions in his proposal." As witness our hands. — Nathaniel 
Maurice, William Maurice, Henry Lloyd, Rowland Charles, &c., &c. 

^ C.W.'s Ac. Churchwardens' Accounts. ^ V. M. Vestry Minute. 



LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 333 

1741. C.W.'s Ac. Balance due to the bellfounder - 60 12 6 

Paid for the bells's room at Salop - - - 2 

„ Charles Edwards for carting the said bells to 

Llanrhaiadr - - - - 1 15 

„ for several journeys to Salop to meet the bell- 
founder - - - - - 1 

„ Henry Davies earnest for timber - - 1 

„ him (H. D.) for two tuns and 3 quarters of 

timber to set up the bells - - - 4 1 6 

„ more to him for 16 ft. of timber for the same 

use - - - - - - 14 

Spent in agreeing with the workmen for setting 

up ye bells - - - - - 1 9 

„ in measuring and paying for the timber which 

set up ye bells - - - - 1 

„ the 5th of November, viz., the time the bells 

were set up, on carpenters and ringers - 2 6 

Paid the persons that set up the bells - - 7 6 11 

„ for bell ropes - - - - - 11 11 

Gave Richd Jones and Eobt Jones in drink when 

they took down the old bell - - 5 

Paid Eichd Jones and Eobt Jones being their full 

remainder due for setting up the bells - 1 6 3 
Spent in paying thereof - - - - 1 

Paid Mr. Ffelton for gudgeons to set up the bells 1 3 0-79 15 3 

The Flagon. 
1724. C.Ws Ac. Paid Thomas ye the smith for sod'ring the flagon 4^ 
1739. Paid Eichard Jones for carrying ye flagon [the new one] 

from Salop - - - - - - 3 

„ for changing the same - - - - - 5 

Wainscotting around the Communion Table — Erection of two seats there, etc. 
1 748. V. M. May 30. " Ordered and allowed that a sum not exceeding 
£10 be raised towards wainscotting about the communion table 
and warden's seat now railing in the communion table j fflagging 
the floor and likewise fflagging six yards of the floor of the chan- 
cel, according to the plan annext. And the churchwardens are 
hereby empowered forthwith to provide materials and employ work- 
men to execute the same. And it is hereby further agreed between 
the vicar and the rest of the parishioners, that instead of the two 
seats which the churchwardens at present occupy, there shall be 
one seat erected for the use of the two churchwardens and their 
successors for the time being, six feet in length and four feet in 
breadth, on the south side of the communion table, and that the 
vicar be allowed to erect a seat of the same dimensions on the north 
side of the communion table at his own expense for the use of him 
and his family and his successors for the time being." — W. Wor- 
thington. Vicar, Henry Lloyd, Eobert Wynn, &c., &c. 
v. M. "26th day of December. " Agreed by the vicar, churchwardens, 
and parishioners then present, that the churchwardens' seat shall 
be on the north side, and the vicar's seat on the south side of the 
communion table." — W. Worthington, Vic, Eice Foulkes, David 
Abrahams, C.W.'s., Eowland Charles, &c. 

The Gallery and the new Window on the North side. 
1753. V. M. April ye 27th. "At a publick vestry in the parish church of 
Llanrhaiadr, it has been then ordered that a common gallery be 
made upon the parish cost, and that the beam be taken down in the 
north isle of the said church to be made use of in the said work, 
and the window being in ye thatch [skylight in the roof probably] 



334 LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 

of the said north ile be likewise taken down and a new window to 
be made in the said north wall."^ — W. Worthington, Vicar, &e., &c. 
C.W.'s Ac. "Account of Edward Maurice, churchwarden, for part of 
parish in the county of Denbigh ; and of Robert Wynne, church- 
warden, for that part in Montgomeryshire." 

Paid John Morris for making the gallery - - 6 1 

„ Rees Ffoulkes for measuring seats in the north ile 5 

Parochial Arrangements for the Poor. — Spinning Work provided. — Establish' 
ment of a Market for sale of proceeds. — Erection of a Workhouse. — Prevention 
of Vagrancy by a Badge to Beggars. 

1755. V. M. 8th July. " At a vestry held this day, pursuant to public no- 
tice, given thereof for two Sundays preceding, it is ordered by the 
vicar, churchwardens, and overseers of the poor and the majority of 
the parishioners of both sides the parish, met and assembled to 
consult about the better maintenance and employment of the poor, 
do order that the poor of the said parish be maintained and em- 
ployed in the manner proposed in a schedule hereto annexed. As 
witness our hands the day of the date of hereof above written." — 
W. Worthington, Vicar, &c. 

" It is proposed (1) That two funds be provided out of the 
charity money and the poor's rate in aid of it if there be occasion, 
one for the Denbighshire part, and the other for the Montgomery- 
shire part of this parish, and that out of the said funds suflScient 
quantities of coarse wool be bought at the best hand from time to 
time for the employment of spinning warp for webs. That on 

( ) morning every week a quantity of wool be delivered to 

each poor person or family sufficient for a week's employment in 
carding and spinning it, and that at the week's end it be brought 
back by them in yarn. And that a market on that day be set up 
at Llanrhaiadr for the sale of it, and yt the poor who spin it be 
allowed the whole profit arising from it, deducting only the price of 
the wool and other necessary expences, and that at the same time 
more wool be delivered them to be wrought in the same manner, 
and so from week to week. That whatsoever yarn remains unsold 
y t they be allowed for it according to the market price { provided it 
be marketable), and the yarn be made into webbs and sold for the 
benefit of the parish funds. That if the yarn be not marketable or 
under weight, the person who spins it shall make it good out of his 
or her allowance, and in cases of repeated offences of this kind shall 
have no more work given them, and be struck off the poor's list. 
That all poor able to work who refuse to take in wool to spin for the 
parish shall be struck off the poor's list, likewise have their allow- 
ance withdrawn. 

" That all poor willing to work be encouraged according to their 
deserts and circumstances by a monthly or weekly allowance out of 
the poor's rate over and above what they earn by their labour. 
And that those who are unprovided with cards and wheels be fur- 
nished with them at the expense of the parish, the property remain- 
ing in the parish. That an agent or agents be appointed by the 
parish to buy in wool, distribute it to the poor, sell the yarn, and 
transact all other matters relating to the manufacture. That a 
salary of ( ) in the pound be allowed for agency out of every 

pound laid out by the parish for wool and manufactured. That a 
book be provided to keep all the accounts relating to the manu- 
facture, and that fair entry be made by the agent therein of the 
receipts and disbursements ; wool bought and delivered out, and to 

1 By this minute we infer that the roof of the church was open wood- work 
{see 1778, p. 337). _ 



LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 335 

whom ; work taken in ; yarn sold, &c. That the minister, church- 
wardens, and overseers of the poor, with any of the parishioners who 
think fit to attend, do meet on the last Saturday in every month, to 
audit the agent's accounts, examine into the manufacture, the fund, 
and stock in hand, and to make orders and regulations with regard 
to it; likewise to hear complaints both by the poor and against them, 
remove their grievances, provide for their relief, and punish delin- 
quents. That a warehouse be provided at the parish expense to keep 
the wool and yarn in. That no begging poor be encouraged, especially 
such as be not parishioners. That all poor living in the parish, but 
not belonging to it, who want work, have work given them to spin 
according to the above regulations at the rate of fifteen pence a 
pound for the spinning it, and if they refuse work and are found 
begging that they be instantly removed to their proper settlements. 
That at the year's end premiums shall be distributed to those that 
shall appear to have done most work and in the best manner, viz., 
twenty shillings to the first best, ten to the second, and Jive to the 
third." 

[This scheme probably was drawn up by Dr. Worthington. There 
is no further entry kept bearing thereon.] 

1765. V. M. April 19th. "It has been unanimously agreed by us and 

accepted, that a workhouse be established and kept from the first 
day of May, 1766, for three years next ensuing, for the provision of the 
poor and for their maintenance, and that the said poor to be therein 
maintained and kept in a proper manner in the customable manner 
of our parish, that is to say, with bread and cheese and other sup- 
ping as requisite, &c. And in lieu thereof that the said poor in the 
workhouse be so kept and maintained to work according to their 
ability and willingly, in hemp, flax, or wool, or any other material 
that shall be put to their hands." — Witness our hands, John Thomas, 
Overseer, and others. 

1766. V. M. Jan, 7. "At a vestry held this day duly called, it has been 

agreed therein that a workhouse should be established and kept for 
the maintenance of the poor of the said parish, both sides of the 
parish. But excepting to that it has been objected by the inha- 
bitants of the township of Treveiliw, that they do not approve of a 
workhouse to be made on their account. They now in this vestry 
say, and will provide and allow for their paupers in their township.'* 
— Witness my hand in neighbours' absence, the X mark of P. h. 
[It would appear by the following note appended immediately to 
this that the neighbours came in before the meeting was closed ] 

" Be it known that it has been agreed and designed as above. 
It is therefore our order that a vestry called to be assembled next 
Sunday after evening prayer, on. account of the workhouse designed 
to be established for the maintenance of the poor." — Witness our 
hands, Edward Roberts, Rowland Charles, William Price, Isaac 
Charles. 
„ V. M. Ffeb. 16th. " At a vestry held this day duly called and kept, 
and in pursuance of an order of another vestry held and kept the 
26th day of last January. It has been agreed by us the inhabitants 
of this parish now present, that a house be provided for the recep- 
tion of the poor thereof, therein to inhabit and dwell and to work 
each and every of them according to their ability in lieu of their 
maintenance to be allowed them by the parish or parishioners of 
the same. And it is further agreed between us and Richard Grif- 
fiths for the house wherein Edward Simon now dwelleth and his 
other tenants. That the said Richard Griffiths be paid for his 
house taken for the said purpose four pounds and five shillings 
for three years, thence yearly and every year during the term, to 
commence from the first day of May next, together with the light 



336 LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 

tax. And the said Eichard Griffiths doth hereby promise to put 
the said house in tenantable repair before the commencing this 
agreement j and especially to tile the thatch of the inside. In wit- 
ness whereof the said parties have hereunto set their hands. The 
words three years, yearly, and every year during the said term 
being first interlined." — Signed Thomas Meredith, Eowland Charles, 
Edward Eoberts, John Williams, Eichard Griffiths, &c. 
„ V. M. June 26th. " It has been concluded and agreed by a great 
number of the parishioners of both sides the parish then present, 
that a workhouse be established and kept upon the equal expense 
of each side of the parish according to the pound rate ; and also it 
is expected that the overseers of each side of the parish shall have 
paid to their respective poor by the first day of ( ) and conse- 
quently have their parish books clear of all arrears." — Signed. 

1770. C.W.'s Ac. Spent in vestry touching a workhouse 16 

Paid earnest for the same - - - -00 4 1 10 

1783. V. M. December 3rd. " For the better preventing vagrants, and for 
the more effectually relieving the poor of the parish, it is now 
ordered in publick vestry (legally called) that no poor persons 
(excepting in sickness or some other extraordinary causes ) belonging 
to the Denbighshire part of this parish, shall or may have any 
relief from the officers thereof, or suffer to beg in the said parish 
unless they wear the badge in red colour according to the statute ; 
and at the said vestry it is likewise ordered that the present over- 
seers of the poor, viz., Mr. Hugh Charles and Johif Daniel, do 
observe and provide the said badges accordingly; witness our 
hands the day and year aforesaid." — Hugh Charles, the mark X of 
John Daniel, Overseers of the Poor, Eichard Eoberts, &c. 

A Hearse and Hearse House. 

1758. V. M. October ye 14. " We, the vicar, churchwardens, and majority of 
the parishioners then present, have agreed and ordered that a hand- 
some hearse with harness for two horses and other proper appur- 
tenances be provided for the use of the parish. And a building be 
erected on the north side of the church and adjoining to it in the 
angle on the said side for keeping of the said hearse, and the 
churchwardens are hereby empowered and ordered to provide the 
said hearse and to erect the said building with all convenient speed. 
Witness our hands the day and year above written." — W. Worth- 
ington. Vicar, John Lloyd, Eowland Charles (Churchwardens), 
Thomas Jones, Eobert Wynne, William Davies [Plas Maengwy- 
nedd], &c. 
„ C. W.'s Ac. Paid for the hearse as per agreement 
Paid for the harness . - . _ 

„ „ „ carriage of it - 
„ „ mason work to the new ile 
„ „ lime for the same - 
„ „ carpenter's work for ditto 
„ „ slater's work for the same 
„ „ laths 3s. 9d., and ibr slates 7s. - 
„ „ smith's work for the hearse ile - 
„ „ carrying timber 4 days at 5s. 
„ „ carrying slates - . . . 

Spent in making bargains with ye several trades- 
men ---._. 
Paid for glazier's work - - - - 4 1 — 10 8 4 

1 76n. V. M. February 23. *' The above account now examined and allowed." 
— W. Worthington, Vicar, Evan Kyffin, Sampson Davies, Ellis 
Humphreys, &c. 



3 10 





1 10 








9 


1 1 





12 





1 


6 


14 


1 


10 


9 


7 


2 


10 





6 





2 





4 


1- 



LL A NRHAI ADR- YN-MOCHN ANT. 



337 



1782. C.W.'s Ac. Received of Mr. Evans, Llanfyllin, for the use 

of the hearse to To wyni - - - . - 13 

Miscellaneous. 
1741. C.W.'s Ac. Spent in agreeing with Thomas Grif- 
fiths and John Roberts for stopping the pid- 
geons from coming to church - - - 1 

Paid John Roberts for stopping them coming to 

church - - - . - - 2 

Paid Thomas Griffiths for carrying lime, stone, 

and gravel to compleat the said work - - 2 — 5 

[The pigeons, it would appear, were very troublesome, for there are other 

entries in various years in reference to their troubiesoineness.] 
1 773. Paid Edward Cherry for carpenter's work - - - 3 1 7 

[Possibly for the work connected with the new north window.] 
]776. V. M, June 9. "We do order, allow, consent and agree, that what 
further repairs as is necessary on the south aisle be immediately 
carried on this summer by the direction of the Rev. Dr. Worthing- 
ton and the present churchwardens."— Signed. 
„ C.W.'s Ac. Paid Thomas Morris and Robert Hughes for 

carpenter's work on the south ile of the church - - 5 

1778. Paid Mr. Hawbrook for ceiling, plaistering, and whitewash- 
ing within the church - - - - - 10 10 10 
1782. Paid Thomas Morris, joiner, for framing the ten 

commandments - - - - - 11 

Paid for painting the same - - - 1 6 3 — 117 3 

[This probably was the time Twm o'r Nant saw them down and 
made his unworthy verses on the occasion.] 
1801. A new frame was again had for them and cost 2s. dd. 

1803. Rate levied for the relief of the poor at 2s. in the pound. 

1804. Paid for a whip for the use of the church - - - 10 
1812. An iron chest put in the church. 

Raising Men for the Navy, Army, and Militia, to avoid Balloting. 

1795. V. M. April 27. " Agreed and ordered that we the several parish 

officers of Llanrhaiadr, Llanarmon Mynydd Mawr, and Llansant- 
ffraid Glyn Ceiriog, do hereby consent and order that the several 
parishes aforesaid shall join in a lawful! proportion according to the 
number of houses rateable to the window duty in each parish 
respectively, to pay the proportionable sum when lawfully required 
• towards raising two men to His Majesty's navy pursuant to a late 

Act of Parliament passed." — Signed. 

1796. V. M. December 21. Contains a similar agreement between the parish 

officers of Llanrhaiadr, Llangedwin, and Llanarmon M. M., towards 
raising four men for the army. 
1798. V. M. May 7. " Agreed and ordered that, to prevent balloting, the 
several overseers of the parish shall jointly pay a sum of money not 
exceeding dglO in the whole, out of the parish poor rates, so that the 
same shall not amount to more than ^£5 on Denbighshire part, and 
the like sum of £5 on Montgomeryshire part, for providing one 
man to the militia instead of John Rhees, whose substitute never 
joined the regiment. And with respect to the other vacancy, John 
Hughes, who was substitute for David Jones in said militia, and 
deemed a deserter, that his father John Hughes is to lodge .£10 in 
the overseer's hands in a week's time, in case he can't find his said 
son John for that purpose, towards getting a man in his stead. In 



1 This was to fetch the body of his brother, the Rev. W. Evans, who was 
drowned there. 

VOL. VL Z 



338 LL ANRH AI A DR-YN-MOCHN ANT. 

case said John Hughes will obtain his discharge, John Hughes to 
have his .£10 returned to him."— Signed. 
Place of holding Vestries. 
1802. June 19. " Ordered at a legal vestry this day held, that the vestries 
of the parish shall be in future held jointly and separately in rota- 
tion regularly in every public house in the village of Llanrhaiadr 
without any favour or affection to be allowed to any officer or either 
of the parishioners whomsoever. As witness our hands." — Signed 
by the churchwardens and seven other parishioners. 

Removal of the Church Porch.^ 
1808. V. M. March 25. " The parishioners of both sides of the parish, at a 
lawfuU vestry called on Sunday last in church after divine service, 
in order to settle about moving the porch at the west end of the 
churchyard. And we, the parishioners present at the said vestry, 
are unanimous of opinion that the same be removed about one yard 
or more farther into the churchyard, so that it may not incommode 
the passage into the adjoining premises in the holding of Mrs. 
Bibby, and that the same be new silled and repaired. 

PiSTYLL Ehaiadr. — SincG the remarks in vol. iv, p. 213, were 
written, the writer has ascertained, by a series of levels taken 
specially for the purpose, the several heights of this cataract. 
The highest fall. — This was measured from the margin of the 
water near an ordnance survey mark in a bit of masonry work 
. at the top near the outside of th^e plantation on the north side 
of the stream, to the brink of the middle, or great fall, and the 
descent showed a fall of 74 feet. The grand fall. — This, mea- 
sured from the last spot at the margin of the precipitous rock 
to the water^s edge issuing out of the natural arch, which is its 
base, marked a descent of 183 feet. The lowest fall. — Measuring 
at the natural arch, to the level of the pool below the wooden 
bridge, marked a descent of 52 feet. Thus making a total of 
309 feet. 

Geological. Tyllau'e Pedyll. — These are great chasms or 
fissures at the south-western extremity of the Garn ridge, just 
above Owm Glanhafon. They have been overlooked by geolo- 
gists in their visits to this neighbourhood. They are comprised 
within an area of about 120 square chains. The fissures vary 
in width at the top from three feet to eighteen inches. The 
north wall is perpendicular, the south one slanting inwards. 
The existing depths vary, the deepest parts now exposed are 
about thirty feet deep. They have been known to be very much 
deeper, but owing to the falling of earth and stone after frosts, 
and the accumulation of vegetation they are filling up. There 
are visible traces of a convulsion of nature in various lines of 
'* faults " frequent around and forming part of the same. 

' Refer to the account of the burial of the Rev. Thomas Lloyd, 
p. 315. 



LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 339 

The *' Green" Stone. — This stone, described in vol. iv, page 
236, has on the side farthest from the road, a square space cut 
in, with the following inscription : h. p. vie. p. mcdclxx. The 
date corresponds to the time the improvements in the roads 
were being made from the village to Salop. The initials are 
not sufficient to make out a guess as to who was the indi- 
vidual who designed them to perpetuate his memory. His name 
has fallen short of the " laurel." 

The Lead Mines. Nantymwn. — The very old workings at 
this mine, originally Roman, are being proceeded with, with 
fresh energy, under the new name of '^ East Llangynog Mines.'' 
The production of ore in the level called No. 1 is quite a success. 
There are seven levels in the works, comprising a total length 
of about 2600 yards, and the vertical drivings or '^winzes" make 
a total of 132 yards. The level designated as No. 4 is the 
longest, comprising with its '^ cross-cuts '^ a length of about 
1 350 yards. No. 1 level is about 550 yards in length, and the 
North Adit level upwards of 350 yards. 

Nantyhlaidd. — This is a comparative old mine, but is now in 
a promising state for ore. These two mines .are in the Mont- 
gomeryshire division of the parish. Companies also are being 
formed for taking up fresh mining ^^setts" within the vale of 
Cwmblowty. 

Etymological. — We offer the following interpretation of a 
few of the proper names in the parish. 

Gwm Maengwynedd. — This vale in its upper part is profusely 
studded with spar rock, and boulders, of peculiar whiteness, 
from which circumstance most probably it derives its name. 
That is cwm, a vale ; maen, a stone, and stones as a collective 
noun of multitude; gwyn, white; edd, a termination sometimes 
signifying a " state of peacefulness." Therefore it may mean 
" the peaceful white-stone vale", or '' the peaceful vale of the 
white-stones." 

Gartheryr. — A township and a residence. From garthj a 
hill-slope, or garthan, a battle. The Roman road over Bwlchy- 
ddar leads through the premises of the residence. Possibly it 
had its name from the Roman standard, or eagle, being erected 
near the spot for battle. Near it is a place called Penyddalfa, 
i.e., the place of the encounter. 

Banhadla fBanhadleJ, — This consists of a hamlet, two 
townships, and a residence. The name has been supposed to 
be derived from hanadl, broom. We think another derivation 
is more suitable to the locality, and therefore suggest as 
follows: ban (bann), high conspicuous, famous, excellent ; hedd, 
peace ; lie, place, circuit, ground. Banhadla (or 'Banheddle') 

z 2 



340 LLANRHAIADR-YN-MOCHNANT. 

thereby would mean ^' the place of the high conspicuous [or 
famous] peace.^' 

Trefeiliw. — A township, and a residence. It is situated in 
the lower part of the parish, and lying contiguous to Banhadla, 
and Gartheryr. From tre {tref), a town, country village; house, 
home : in the W. Laws, tre is used for a certain portion of land, 
a township, e.g., pedair gafael yn mhob tref; i.e., four holdings 
or farms in a township : Mael, and maelio, profit, gain, advan- 
tage; to gain, &c. (or Maelyiv, a person's name). Taking the 
connection of the word with the locality, and the local traditions, 
we thereby think it may mean the town or place of marketing 
or business. 

Henfachau. — A township, and a residence, in the upper and 
most hilly part of the parish. From hen, old, ancient ; mach 
(pi. machau), a security, places of security, secure retreat; 
therefore Henfachau may mean, " the old places of security," or 
'' the ancient residences.^^ 

Abermarchnant. — A township adjoining Llanwddyn parish. 
This word, according to modern usage, has a reduplication of 
terms; e.g., aher, a brook, stream; nant, a stream. It may 
have meant originally the '^stream of the horses,'' or the 
horse-brook. 

Nantyfyllon. — A township adjoining Llanfyllin parish. From 
nant, and myllon, or myllin, the *' stream of the violets.'' 

(To be continued.) 



341 



POETEAITS 

CONNECTED WITH MONTGOMERYSHIRE.^ 



AT BROGYNTYN (continued). 

William Owen, Esq., of Porkington, Governor of Har- 
lech ; in study. 

William Owen, Esq., son of Sir John, ditto. 

Katherine Owen, daughter of Lewis Anwyl, Esq., of 
Park and Cemmes, ditto. 

Mary Jane Ormsby, when a child, in gallery. 

Elizabeth Lyster, heiress of Penrhos, wife of Rev. 
Lewis Owen ; in dining-room. 

Sidney Godolphin, Governor of Scilly Islands ; in 
ditto. 

Sir Eobert Owen, when a child, with a view of Pork- 
ington in the background ; in gallery. 

Arthur, son of Sir Robert Owen ; in ditto. 

AT GLANSEVERN. JAN. 1873. 

1. Sir Arthur Davies Owen, Knt. ; seated ; to right. 

2. David Owen, Esq. ; seated ; to left. 

3. William Owen, Esq., K.C. ; seated ; to left. 

4. Mrs. Anne Warburton Owen (wife No. 3); seated; 
inclined to right. By Sant, R.A. 

5. Sir Edward William Campbell Richard Owen, 
G.C.B., &c. ; three-quarter length ; standing ; full fron£ 
By Pickersgill, R.A. 

6. Rev. Edward Owen, sometime Rector of War- 
rington, Cheshire ; kit-cat. 

* Continued from p. 154. 



342 PORTE AITS 

7. William Owen, Captain, KN. ; small full length; 
standing ; in landscape. Naval uniform. 

For particulars of the above, see Montgomeryshire Collections, vol. 
iii, pp. 252, and following. 

8. Diana (Warburton) Lady Grosvenor ; three-quar- 
ter length ; standing ; to right ; holding white terrier. 

9. Sir George Warburton, Bart. ; standing ; to left 
three-quarter length ; right hand on head of pointer 
gun across left arm. 

10. Anne (Warburton), wife of Thomas Sloughter, 
Esq. ; kit-cat, oval. 

11. The same; three-quarter length; standing; to 
left. 

12. Infant daughter of the above ; full front ; stand- 
ing ; full length. 

13. Sir George Warburton, Bart., and brother, 
Thomas Warburton, Esq. ; both on horse-back, wdth 
huntsmen and dogs. 

14. Hon. Catherine Alington ; full face; seated; 
holding black cat. 

15. Hon. Diana (Alington), wife of Sir George War- 
burton ; seated ; holding King Charles spaniel. 

16. Harriet (Warburton), wife of — Leigh ; kit-cat ; 
oval ; hair powdered. 

17. Thomas Sloughter, Esq. ; three-quarter length ; 
«mall. 

1 8. Same ; kit-cat. 

19. Anne Warburton, his wife. 

20. Infant ; three-quarter oval. 

AT GARTH. 

Richard Mytton, Esq., of Pontyscowrydd ; and after- 
wards of Garth, in right of his wife Dorothy, daughter 
and heiress of Brochwel Wynn, Esq., of Garth ; sheriff 
of Montgomeryshire 1730; ohiit 1772; 48 inches by 
40 inches. 

His daughter, Catherine, the wife of Edward Deve- 
reux, eleventh Viscount Hereford; ohiit 1748; 29 
inches by 24 inches. 



CONNECTED WITH MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 343 

His lineal descendant in the 4tli degree, Richard Her- 
bert Mytton, Esq., of Garth, sheriff of Montgomeryshire 
1856 j Chairman of the Montgomeryshire Quarter Ses- 
sions, for some years previous to 1869 ; ohiit 1869 ; 49 
inches by 38 inches. By Gordigiani. 

AT VAYNOR PARK. 

Arthur Pryce, Esq., of Vaynor; dated 1636; 30 
inches by 25 inches. 

His only daughter and heiress, Bridget, afterwards, 
the wife of George Devereux, Esq., and grandmother of 
Pryce, 9th Viscount Hereford ; dated "1636, aged 16"; 
30 inches by 25 inches. 

A gentleman of middle age, of the same period, most 
probably her husband, George Devereux, Esq., sheriff 
of Montgomeryshire 1658 and 1673 ; 24 inches by 20 
inches. 

The costume of the above three portraits is of the period, and 
the manner of Cornelius Jansen. 

Pryce, 9th Viscount Hereford, grandson of Bridget 
Pryce; ohiit at Vaynor, 1740; buried at Berriew ; 
crayon portrait ; in peers robes ; 26 inches by 18 inches. 

Joseph Lyon, Esq., of Vaynor ; sheriff of Montgom- 
eryshire, 1801 ; ohiit 1809 ; size, 36 inches by 30 
inches. 

John Winder, Esq., of Vaynor; in uniform; sheriff 
of Montgomeryshire, 1803; ohiit 1820. Miniature, by 
Jean, (one of the best portrait painters of his time). 

Cecilia Millicent, the wife of Major WilHam Corbett, 
of Vaynor, and daughter of Rev. Robert Hornby ; size, 
5 feet 7 inches by 4 feet 2 inches. By Baccani, 1873. 

AT LLANDINAM HALL. 

Sir Randolph Crewe, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of 
the Court of Queen's Bench, ohiit 1645-6 ; 48 inches by 
48 inches. 

His lineal descendant in the fifth degree. Rev. Ran- 
dulph Crewe, LL.D. ; Rector of Barthomley and War- 
mingham, ohiit 1777 ; 30 inches by 24 inches. 



34-4 PORTRAITS 

His wife, Ann Read, daughter of John Read, of 
Llandinam Hall, Esq. ; 30 inches by 24 inches. 

Their first son, Rev. Offley Crewe, M.A., Rector of 
Barthomley,and Warmingham,Mucclestone,and Woore ; 
obiit 1836 ; 30 inches by 24 inches. 

Their daughter, Mary (wife of Dr. Chorley of Don- 
caster) ; 36 inches by 30 inches. 

Charlotte Prestwood Crewe-Read, the mother of 
Captain Offley Malcolm Crewe-Read, R.N., of Llan- 
dinam Hall, (being the daughter of Admiral Sir Wil- 
loughby Thomas Lake, K.C.B., and the wife of John 
Crewe, Esq., the eldest son of Rev. Offley Crewe, who 
by Royal License in 1836 assumed the arms and ad- 
ditional surname of Read, the surname of his grand- 
mother, Ann Read, on acceding to the estates of the 
Reads, in Montgomeryshire) ; ohiit 1865 ; 24 inches by 
18 inches. By Russell. 

Miss Macbride, as a little girl, afterwards Lady Lake, 
the mother of Mrs. C. P. Crewe-Read, and the grand- 
mother of Captain O. M. Crewe-Read, R.N. She was 
daughter of Admiral Macbride, M.P. ; ohiit 1840 ; 48 
inches by 39 inches. By Northcote. 

AT GRANGE-ERIN, DOUGLAS, CORK. 

1. Half-length, life-size, oil. In oval frame, curiously 
carved. The Reverend Matthew Jones, a younger bro- 
ther of Dr. Edward Jones, Bishop of St. Asaph 1692- 
1703. He was born at Llwyn Ririd in 1654, baptized 
at Forden, 4 July of that year, and died 7 December, 
1717. He is represented as wearing a preacher's gown 
and bands. Painted circa 1712. 

2. Half-length, life-size, oil. In oblong frame. Ed- 
ward Jones, son and heir of the Rev. Matthew Jones. 
He was an officer in the army ; and wears a red coat, 
with cuirass beneath it. Born in 1688 ; died in 1741. 
Painted circa 1712. 

3. Half-length, life-size, oil. In oblong frame. Mat- 
thew Jones, son and heir of the aforesaid Edward Jones. 



CONNECTED WITH MONTGOMERYSHLRE. 345 

He wears a blue silk, or satin, coat. Born in 1719 ; 
died in 1768. Painted circa 1750. 

4. Miniature, exquisitely painted on ivory, in 1782, 
represented Melian, daughter and heiress of the afore- 
said Matthew Jones, married 10 November, 1782, to 
Samuel Hayman, Esq., of Prospect Hill, Youghal, co. 
Cork.i 

AT CEFN, NEAR ST. ASAPH. 

Kight E,ev. Kobert Morgan, D.D., Bishop of Bangor 
\GCjQi-7'S, who was a native of Fron Fraith, in Llandyssil, 
but for some time Vicar of Llanwnog, and Comportioner 
of Llandinam. — See fuither, Williams's Eminent Welsh- 
men. 

AT FRON VIRNIEW, LLANSAINTFFRAID. 

John Bill Pryse, Esq., on horseback, also his hunts- 
man, John Morgan, and six couple of his favourite har- 
riers, "The Tan at Side"; 24 inches by 24 inches. 
Painted in 1835, by Giles, of London. 

AT PENMAEN DOVEY. 

Rev. Walter Davies, M.A. (Gwallter Mcchain), the 
celebrated antiquary ; obiit 1849 ; 22 inches by 17^ 
inches. By Hughes. 

AT GARTHMYL. 

Edward Johnes, Garthmyl, M.D., born 1773, died 
184G ; kitcat by Jones of Chester. 

Edward Johnes, son of the above, Commander 

1 Their son, Matthew Hayman, Esq., of South Abbey, Youghal, 
justice of the peace for the county Cork, married, in 1816, Helen, 
daughter of Arundel Hill, Esq., of Doneraile, and (with others) had 
a son and heir, the Rev. Samuel Hayman, rector of Douglas, co. 
Cork, who thus writes : — " Besides the foregoing pictures, there are 
in the collection four oil paintings, half-lengths, life-size, represent- 
ing members of the Llwyn Ririd family of Jones. About ninety 
years ago, my grandfather cleaned, classified, and endorsed with 
names the family portraits. He failed in appropriating these four 
likenesses, and they must now, 1 fear, remain without identification.'* 



346 PORTRAITS, ETC. 

KN., died 1829; kitcat by an amateur, exhibited at 
the Royal Academy as '' Taffy". 

John Maurice Herbert, Judge of County Courts of 
Circuit 24 ; small three-quarter length water colour by 
Benjamin Green. 

Samuel Humphreys, son of C. C. Humphreys of Bank 
House, Montgomery, born 1760, died 1840; small 
half-length water colour by Benjamin Green. 

Charles Wyndham Humphreys, son of the above, 
Lieut. H.E.I.C., born 1806, died 1825 ; bust by Mas- 
carier. 

Sir Charles Forbes of Newe, N.B., first Baronet ; 
small kitcat by Raeburn. 

AT DOLFOR. 

Miniature of William Pugh, Esq., of Caerhowel, 
Sheriff of Montgomeryshire 1813, oUit 1823. 

Frances, the wife of William Pugh, Esq., and dau. 
of E/ichard Lewis, Esq., of the parish of Welshpool, 
oUit 1828. 

Their son, William Pugh, Esq., of Brynllywarch, 
obiit 1842 ; 36 inches by 26 inches, by Malhube, of 
Caen, France. 

Miniature of Beatrice Matilda, the wife of William 
Pugh, Esq., and daughter of Bichard Denison, Esq., 
M.D., of London, and Jane, his wife, nee Buckley, ohiit 
1829. 

Miniature of Jane Buckley,^ daughter and heiress of 
the Rev. Mellington Buckley of Dolfor, and Maryle- 
bone, London, and wife of Richard Denison, Esq. M.D., 
ohiit 1811. 

1 Great niece of Dr. John and Mr. James, Mellington, who had 
large estates in Montgomeryshire, and who founded two exhibitions, 
four scholarships, and one fellowship, at Magdalen College, Cam- 
bridge, for their kindred who should be brought up at the Shrewsbury- 
Grammar School {vide History of Shrewsbury). They also founded 
a hospital in Shrewsbury, which is called by their name, and where 
there is a fine portrait of the younger brother. 

{To he continued.) 



34' 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL (STRATA 

MARCELLA) OR POLA/ 

By morris C. JONES, F.S.A. 



Before proceeding, we give the following notes with 
which we have been favoured : — 



Observations on the Charter of Elisse in Montgomery shii^e Col- 
lections J vol. ivy jp. 23. By Howel William Lloyd. 

Llecheudin, in modern Welsh Llech Eithin, is com- 
pounded of two words, llech, a flat stone, and eithin, 
gorse. Taken together they would denote a shelving 
rock, covered or studded with gorse. The Ordnance 
Map gives no such name, either in the neighbourhood of 
Gwyddelwern, as suggested in vol. iv, p. 24, or of Cwm 
Maen (spelt Main in O. M.), meaning stone glen, which 
it does give, not near Gwyddelwern, but in the moun- 
tains near the road from Bala to Cerrig y Drudion, at 
the foot of a hill called Moel Cwm Maen (the bare hill 
of the stone glen). This Cwm Maen is situated on a 
little stream, called in the map, not Aber Cwm Maen, 
as the Abercwmmaen of the grant would lead us to 
expect, but Aber ar wlaw (the rain-formed stream), 
which falls into the Geirw at a few miles distance, and 
at a point north-east from the limit in that direction 
of the grant of Madoc Hedd Gam to the monks of 
Ystrad Marchell. This stream is conterminous with 
the boundary, of which, for the length of its short 
course, it forms a part, between the parishes of Llanvor 
and Llangwm, the ancient cantrevs or hundreds of 

^ Continued from vol. v, p. 148. 



348 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

Penllin and Dinmael, the kingdoms of Gwynedd and 
Powys, and the modern counties of Merioneth and 
Denbigh. 

That the streamlet called Aber ar Wlaw is identical 
with *^ Abercummein", appears from the fact that, 
when followed up to its source, sufficiently indicated by 
Main cumhein (Blaen Cwm Maen, not marked in O. M.), 
and thence by a place called " Cast ell" (a name signify- 
ing /or^re^s, and representing Caerynwch,^ the Kairrun- 
hok of the grant) to the brook which, rising in the 
hills, flows through the vale and past the village of 
Llangwm into the Geyro near its confluence with the 
Alwen at Maesmawr, a ford named Rhyd Dolwen is 
reached, which is the "vadum Dolwen" and "|Bidolwen" 
of the grant. We are directed to follow the Dolwen 
upstream to the " Nantucheldre'' (Nant Ucheldre, 
brooklet of the high homestead), and to follow its 
downward course to the "Manachduuver", which, again, 
is to be traced upwards to the rivulet called " Alarch" 
(Swan), to be followed in its turn downwards to the 
Geyro (Geirw), which terminates the grant. There is 
no " Nant Ucheldre", so called, in the O. M., but pre- 
cisely in the direction indicated, we do find a brook, 
which flows into another and a larger brook, watering 
the vale known as Cwm Tre Myneich (Monk's Town 
Vale), which ought to have been, but is not marked 
in the O. M., and which falls into the Trywerin below 
the Bala and Ffestiniog road at a little distance from 
the new church at Vron Goch. The O. M. does not 
tell us the name of this brook, but from the name, 
'' Pont y Mynachdwr," which it gives to a bridge over 
it at a point measuring about half of its course, we are 
left to infer that it was, perhaps is still, called " My- 
nachdwr,^ meaning Monks water. This is the equivalent 

^ This name seems identical with that of the seat of Meredith 
Richards, Esq., near Dolgelly, to which Davies, in the Mythology of 
the British Druids, ascribes a Druidical origin. 

2 The name of this brook, derived from the monks, shows that 
they had settled in Cwm Try Myneich before cither grant was made. 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 349 

of Manachduner, for which the latter should mani- 
festly have been printed " Manachduner", the last two 
syllables being, in fact, the exponent of the old Welsh 
word **dyfr" or " dwfr", in modem Welsh commonly 
contracted into '' dwr," Anglice, water. So, in the 
grant of Madoc Hedd Gam, we find a brook named 
Caleduuer, the modern form of which is Caled-dwr, 
contracted into ^'Clettwr", a somewhat common name 
for brooks in Wales, and significative of the hardness 
of the water. By following up the Mynachdwr, as 
directed, its source is arrived at on the south side of 
Cader Benllin ; and, on its opposite side, a petty 
streamlet, called in the O. M. **Y Nant Bach" (the 
little brook), but which should have been given as the 
"Alarch", since it runs into the Geirw, precisely as 
laid down in the grant. We find, thus, the whole 
extent of the latter comprised, with the exception of a 
few broken intervals of land, within streams, the last 
being the Geirw, from the junction with it of the 
" Nant Bach" to that of the '' Aber ar Wlaw". Within 
it, strange to say, lies the estate of Gydros, supposed 
to have fallen to the Bhiwlas family by the marriage of 
Sir Robert ab Rhys, the priest, with Lowry, daughter 
of Rhys Lloyd, its heiress. Be this as it may, the 
limits of the grant are unquestionable, and it awaits 
only fuller information as to the manner in which it 
subsequently fell to Rhiwlas to enable us to learn 
whether the monks had parted with the property pre- 
vious to the dissolution, or whether the Lloyds of 
Gydros had acquired it by a grant from the crown. 

Montgomeryshire Collections, vol. iv,^p, 30-1. 

" Notum sit universis S. Matris Ecclesie filiis &c. 
quod ego Elisse Madoci filius vendidi et confirm avi 
Monachis de Stradmarchell pro octo libris partem terrse 
que dicitur Gwothelwern consensu et donatione here- 
dum ville illius in his terminis, videlicet, ab helegluin 
seithue usque ad fossam et sic ducente eadem fossa 
usque at gweun et inde in longitudine usque at Moil 



350 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

cassec et a Moil cassec usque ad Ilivulum proximum 
sibi et a rivulo illo usque ad alium rivulum illo ma- 
jorem." 

Ohsorvations, 

None of the names of these places are to be found on 
the Ordnance Map in the parish of Gwyddelwern. 
But the meaning of the names is striking as descriptive 
of the nature of the land immediately adjoining the 
village in the valley in the direction of the vale of 
Clwyd as it was thirty or forty years ago, but now 
much altered for the better by improved cultivation 
and drainage. " Helegluin seithuc," for instance, pro- 
bably stands for Helyg Iwyn Ueithiawg, meaning "Wet- 
willow grove"; "gweun" for "wain", "rough waste- 
land"; "Moel cassec," for Moel y Gasseg, "the Mare's 
bare hill"; and the large flat meadow, now divided 
into rich grass fields, which stretched across the space 
that lies between the heights that bound the valley 
on either side, was then intersected by several small 
streams. This grant would lie in the immediate 
neighbourhood of Esgyn Cainog. It clearly contains 
only one proper name of a place, " Moel y Gaseg," and 
should be read thus : " Namely, from the wet- willow 
grove to the ditch, and as the same ditch leads as far 
as the rough waste-ground, and thence along (? the 
ditch) to Moel y Gaseg, and from Moel y Gaseg to the 
stream nearest to it, and from that stream to another 
stream greater than it." 

Montgomeryshire GolhctionSj vol. ivj jq. 309. 

De tota terr4 Dolwen. There are farms called Dol- 
wen Ucha and Dolwen Isa near Aberhirnant in the 
hills above E-hiwaedog. 

P. 312, 1. 5. " Gydermaun" seems to be meant for 
Edeyrnion. Nant-faith (Long Dingle). 

Paragraph 5, Lledwenin. There are two heights, 
marked in 0. M., Lledwyn Fawr and Lledwyn Bach, 
on the right of the road from Llan y Mawddwy to 
Bala in a north-east direction from the Aran. Lied- 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 351 

wenin may be intended for Lledwynion, the plural of 
Lledwyn, comprising the two heights in one. 

Paragraph 6. Blaenhiveit (BJaen Hyfaidd, or Blaen 
Hyfed), query, where ? Maes Hyfed, meaning " field 
easily reaped," is Welsh for Radnorshire.^ H. W. Ll. 

Wennunwen's Charter, 1201 (Montgomeryshire Collections^ 
vol. iv,p. 297). 

In the charter granted by Wennunwen, son of Owain 
Kyfeiliog, to the monks of Strat Marchell in 1201, it is 
there stated with reference to its bounds, " And by the 
Rydiol as far as Gwrhetkei and thence the Bydiol 
again as far as Abercamddwr Keveiliac, and from Aber- 
camddwr Keveiliac as far as its rising and thence in a 
direct course as far as Blain Einiawn, and thence by 
Einiawn as far as its Aber, and thence by the Dovi as 
far as Aberdulas." 

He also gives to the monks of Cwmhyr by petition 
of the monks of Strat Marchell, '' all the pastures be- 
tween Conf (or Gorsfochno) and Einiawn." 

This manor must have been severely cut up by Ed- 
ward I, for, in 1284, he made a grant of the new manor 
of Geneurglyn to Roger Mortimer, which has descended 
by marriages through the Clements to the present 
owner, Sir Pryse Pryse, Bart., the boundaries of which 
are as follows : " From Abercamddwr Keveiliog to He- 
ligan y Wendeth (to where the white willow grows), 
from Heligan y Wendeth to the Thlwenant (Llyffnant), 
from the Thlwenant to the Dovi, from the Dovi to 
Redhir (Rhydhir), and from Redhir to the Elevy (Lerry), 
and from the Elevy to Abercamddwr." This embraces 
the whole country between Abercamddwr Keveiliog 

^ Redenock in tlie grant to Llanllugan, Montgomeryshire Collec- 
tions, vol. ii, p, 309, may have been named so from the Abbot 
Enoch : Rhyd, the ford Enoe of Enoch = Enoch's ford, probably on 
the Banw. " Hudon" may be Llanllugan, but to me it sounds more 
like Elidan, from whom we have Llan Elidan in Deubigh shire. 
Huw Arwystli has a mysterious allusion to him in one of his poems, 
as though ho were connected in some way with nuns in Montgo- 
meryshire. 



352 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

to the river Lechweddmor, up that river to the river 
LlyfFnant, then round by the Dovey to Borth, including 
Gorsfochno and the present manor of Tirymynach, now 
detached and claimed by Lord Lisburn. This joins the 
Lerry and on to Abercamddwr. 

J. G. W. 



We find we must not rest our theory of the Abbey 
of Ystrad Marchell being of Savigniac origin on the 
letter which we have quoted in Montgomeryshire Col- 
lections, vol. V, p. 144. We have there mistaken Bel- 
lalanda for Blankalanda, the former being Byland in 
the county of York, whilst the last is Blanchland or 
Alba Domus. Our theory, if tenable at all, must rest 
on the slender ground of the Abbey of Buildwas, itself 
of Savigniac origin, having been appointed the new 
visitor of this house. 

Previous to 1374, John de Cherleton, Lord of Powys, 
the third of the name, granted a charter to this abbey, 
the only record of which is the mention of it in the 
charter of his son, Edward de Cherleton, of the 1st of 
August, 8 Henry V,^ in the following terms : — 

" We the said Edward de Charleton Lord of Powis have 
also inspected the charter of the most venerable Lord John of 
Charlton our father making mention that Whereas the late 
abbot and convent of Stradmarcell and their predecessors from 
the time of the foundation of the said house have had their 
court of all their tenants and servants holden by their steward 
from three weeks to three weeks or for greater time at their 
will within their said lands and cognizance of the pleas under- 
written (that is to say) of contracts agreements in their lands 
and amongst the tenants and their own men and of debts and 
detinue of chattels and also of male trespasses and striking of 
hands and the like where there is no effusion of blood or break- 
ing of bones and attachments as well of foreigners as tenants 
and their residents committing trespasses in their several corn 
meadows pastures and woods and to tax and receive amercia- 
ments in that behalf so that all such amerciaments be taxed by 
good and legal men of the said abbot and convent elected and 

1 Mont, Coll., vol. i, p. 324. 



The Seal of Sir Edward de Cherleton, Lord of 
PowYS, appended to a charter dated 6th Jidy, 
7 Henry V fl418^, and adopted as the Seal of 
the potogs^^ILanU Club. 




This remarkable Seal is not quite perfect, the edge having been splintered 
away, and the figure in the place of the crest having lost its head. It 
appears to have been a round seal, surrounded by an inscription, probably 
'''• Sigillum Edwardi de Charleton Domini Powisie'\ of which only the "g" 
in the word Sigillum, and " wi" in the word Powisie now remain. The 
shield in the centre is charged with the red lion of Powis — a lion rampant, 
and is probably held up by another lion rampant standing on his hind legs 
behind the shield, which is clasped by his fore paws. The side supporters, 
or rather ornamental figures (for it is said that supporters, in the present 
heraldic sense of the word, were unknown at that period) are wild men 
sitting astride of lions couchant, 
Mont. Coll. Vol. yi, p. 353. 



ABBEY OF YSTPwAD MARCHELL. 353 

sworn for that purpose according to the consideration and na- 
ture of the offences so that they should not exceed the sum of 
forty shillings Saving to us and our heirs pleas of error false 
judgment and of attainder if any such pleas should arise in our 
court. 

This is remarkable, as distinctly recognisin^s^ the exist- 
ence of the manorial courts of the abbot from the foun- 
dation of the house. The fact of the manor of Tiry- 
mynech owing its origin to the charters of Prince Owen 
Cyfeiliog and his son Wennunwen, we have previously- 
adverted to.^ 

Sir Edward de Cherleton, Lord of Powys, by his 
above mentioned charter of 1420, confirms all grants 
made by his ancestors, the Lords of Powys, and spe- 
cially enumerates them in the following terms : — 

"All that land which is called Stretmarcell with all its bound- 
aries and appurtenances from a place called Gwenburth to 
Aberbelen and from Hafren to Belen namely within those 
bounds and lands which are called Groec prennan and Upper 
Rhedheskin and Lower Rhedheskin with their appurtenances. 

"The lands also which they hold in Argengroec the grange 
also of Stradolvedan with Guachtuant and Rhandur Gwian with 
the lands which they hold in Trehelig and in Tythin pryd with 
all their other lands and appurtenances. 

"The grange also of Moydau and Runonan and with the lands 
which they possess in Gaer and all other their lands and appur- 
tenances. 

" The grange also of Trefnant with all its appurtenances. 

" The grange also of Dolwen with Sechtyn and all other its 
appurtenances and the grange of Talerthig with all its appur- 
tenances. 

"The grange moreover of Pennant batho with Cwmbuga and 
all its appurtenances the lands also which are called Scorvawr 
and Blaen Karno with all their appurtenances. 

*' The lands also which are called Pennantwyn Aberbrewen 
Rhiwkaenesscit Deupin Dyffrin Morthir Pennant henllen Rhos- 
wydawl Rhosygarreg Pennantykin with all their appurtenances. 

"The lands which are called Kethygl Koedllyn Braycherhooche 
Klegyrnant Perfethgefen Keffencoche Kenemair with all their 
appurtenances. 

" Moreover all pastures and woods which they hold in Kyfeiliog 

1 Uotit. Coll., vol. iv, pp. 19, 300. 
VOL. VI. A A 



354 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

and Arustley and in Kaerinion and in Meghen and in Mocli- 
nant. 

"Also all their tenements as well in lands as in pastures and 
woods with all their appurtenances and liberties as the charters 
of our said ancestors in the lordship of Powys more fully make 
mention and as the charter of confirmation of the most excel- 
lent and illustrious King Edward specifies and confirms. 

Although the names of the places are much mangled, 
either by the monks or by the subsequent transcribers 
of the charter, there is not much difficulty in identify- 
ing most of the places with the lands granted by the 
various charters which have before been set out. 

Sir Edward de Cherleton then recites the charter of 
his father, Sir John de Cherleton, and alleges as a rea- 
son for his extending the privileges of this house, the 
fact of monasteries having suffered severely during 
Owen Glendower's rebellion. From this allusion, it 
may be inferred, that this abbey suffered during the 
rebellion. No account of the attack has come down, 
but it probably took place about 1402, when in passing 
with a portion of his army to Plymlumon which he 
made the base of his future operations, and proceeded 
to lay waste the surrounding country, Owen Glen- 
dower " sacked Montgomery, burned the suburbs of 
Welshpool, destroyed the Abbey of Cwmhir, and took 
the Castle of Radnor".^ 

The importance of this portion of the charter induces 
us to quote it at length. 

"We the said Edward Lord of Powys considering and knowing 
the havock and ruin committed by the rebels of Wales by de- 
molishing and setting on fire as well of churches as monasteries 
and spoiling of lands and tenements Do for the Welfare of my 
soul and the souls of my parents allow ratify and confirm to the 
said monks of Stredmarcell for the service of God and the Blessed 
Mary there for ever in free quiet and perpetual alms All their 
lands and tenements fully and entirely well and peaceably 
without any demand or secular custom to be possessed in land 
and in pastures and in all their boundaries appurtenances and 
commodities possessions and liberties granted by the charters 
their donors or vendors and all our predecessors and as the 

^ Williams's Eminent Welshmen, s. n, " Owen Glendower." 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 355 

charter of confirmation of tlie most illustrious King Edward to 
them granted more fully and better testifies And moreover 
We the said Edward of Charleton Lord of Powys in further 
sustenance of the said house abbot and convent by enlarging 
their liberties Do for us and our heirs by this our present 
charter confirm unto them and their successors the liberties 
underwritten that is to say That none of the officers of us or our 
heirs of Powys shall hereafter take or cause to be attached any 
of the tenants or resiants of the said abbot and convent to 
answer at our suit or of our heirs of Powys or any of them in 
our court unless taken for felony or a debt to the lord so that 
none of the said tenants of the abbot and convent ought to be 
presented at the great court of Powys upon the inquisition of 
the grand jury and if they should be presented for trespasses 
they ought not to be amerced there by the officers of us or of 
our heirs Also if it shall happen that the tenants of the abbot 
should give security in 20^. or less in any court of the abbot and 
convent against twelve persons giving erroneous judgment that 
then the said abbot and convent shall have the cognizance de- 
termination and punishment thereof in their courts and if two 
parts of the tenants or resiants of the said abbot and convent 
shall claim a property in anything then that they shall have the 
cognizance determination and taxation thereof according to the 
legal consideration of their officers to the amount of 60^. inclu- 
sive and that no officer of us or our heirs shall attach or cause 
to be attached any person within the inclosure of the monastery 
of the said abbot and convent unless it be for a debt due to us 
or our heirs or for felony if he shall not have taken defence 
We do also grant for us and our heirs that the said abbot and 
convent ought not to pay toll for the buying of beasts or 
victuals for their own proper use wheresoever they may buy 
nor any of them who shall buy within our lordship of Powys 
Requiring and commanding as far as in us lies that none of our 
heirs shall for the future oppose or presume to attempt or hinder 
the abbot and convent of the said house nor their successors in 
or concerning the liberties aforesaid or any of them against the 
tenor of this our charter In testimony whereof we have affixed 
our seal to this our present charter [these being] Witnesses John 
Fitzpier Supervisor of all our Lordship of Powis David Hol- 
bach and Hugh Say our stewards there Matthew ap Evan our 
receiver there Thomas Burton constable of our Castle of Pool 
Griflith ap Evan ap Madock ap Griffith Richard Wyslaston our 
clerk and many others Given at our manor of Mathrafal the 
1st day of August in the 8th year of the reign of King Henry 
5th/' ^ 

A A 2 



356 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

The occupiers of land situate within the bounds of 
the manor of Tirymynech, were formerly free from the 
payment of tolls of Welshpool Market, which immunity, 
doubtless, they enjoyed by virtue of the clause in Sir 
Edward de Cherleton's charter. As we have elsewhere 
observed, this charter had a remarkable and very im- 
portant effect upon the legal position of the abbot and 
convent in respect to many of their landed possessions. 
It, in fact, constituted several of such possessions into 
manors in frankalmoign — at least two such manors can 
be named, namely, the manor of Tirymynech and the 
manor of Talerddig. The principal portion of the manor 
of Tirymynech was carved out of the comot of Ystrad 
Marchell (now called the manor of Ystrad March ell or 
Street Marshall), and is still a separate and distinct 
manor belonging to the Earl of Powis. The boundaries 
of this principal portion of Tirymynech manor were 
defined by the original foundation charter granted to 
the Abbey by Prince Owen Cyfeiliog, and also by the 
confirmation charter of his son, Prince Wennunwen ; 
but, strange to say, the manor of Tirymynech also 
comprises several detached portions — one the township 
of Moydog, in the parish of Castle Caereinon, and 
another a small tenement situate in the township of 
Trehelig, in the same parish of Castle Caereinon. But 
a still more remarkable case is furnished by the manor 
of Talerddig. It consists of a number of detached 
tracts of land, acquired by the Abbey at different times, 
by gift and purchase from various persons, but which 
are situate in ten different parishes. And it is probable 
it also comprised a large portion of the parish of Llanfi- 
hangel yng Nghwnfa, which was the subject of the suit 
of " The case of the Abbot of Strata Mercella " to which 
we shall subsequently allude. 

Thus the monks, by custom and by express charters, 
held courts of all their own tenants who were exempted 
from the jurisdiction of the secular manoriah courts, and 
the lands held by this religious house by the tenure in 
frankalmoign in libera eleemosyna were, though scat- 
tered and detached, constituted into separate manors. 



ABBEY OF YSTEAB MARCHELL. 357 

In 1503 David ap Evan or Owen succeeded David ap 
lorwerth as Bishop of St. Asaph. The latter had been 
abbot of Valle Crucis, and the former most probably had 
been an abbot of this Abbey of Ystrad Marchell, although 
he has also been attributed to the Valle Crucis. Ab 
Ithel, in his account of Yalle Crucis/ surrenders Valle 
Crucis's claims to him, but unfortunately on an unsatis- 
factory ground, viz., that Strata Marcella or Ystrad 
Marchell was occasionally termed Valle Crucis. We 
cannot accept his connection with this abbey on this 
ground, as we have already, conclusively as we conceive, 
shown that there was no reason for this abbey being 
called Valle Crucis.^ Isaacson says he was Abbot of 
Strata Marcella, his predecessor was undoubtedly named 
David and Abbot of Y'alle Crucis, and it would have 
been an extraordinary coincidence if two abbots of the 
name of David of the same abbey had successively 
in three years become Bishops of St. Asaph. Further 
evidence that David was abbot of this abbey is afforded 
by an unpublished poem by Gutto 'r Glyn, who is said 
to have written between the years 1430 and 1460. It 
said : — 

" Cowydd i Ddafydd Abad Llun Egwestl, 
Ac i Ddafydd ab Owain Abad Ystrad Marchell." 

This poem being so addressed shows that there were 
contemporary abbots of the two abbeys of the name of 
David, and further the whole scope and allusions of the 
poem lead to the same inference. We print a translation 
of it' bearing upon this point and giving some contem- 
porary particulars of abbot David ap Evan or Owen : — 
Translation of a Poem addressed to David, Abbot of Valle 
Crucis, and David ab Owen, Abbot of Ystrad Mar- 
cJiell. By Gutto 'r Glyn. 

Two saints have I to choose between, 

I have leaves of gold from their two hands, 



1 Arch. Camh., vol. i, p. 28. '^ Mont. Coll, vol. iv, p. 7. 

3 By Howel W. Lloyd, Esq. 



358 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

One a father [for whom] no delay has been made, 

And his wise son is my abbot. 
5 Two men [are they] , the praise of whose goodness 

Minstrels do not celebrate in vain. 

Good lords [are they] of golden, banqueting-houscs. 

And here frequently do we obtain wine. 

I have need but to run 
]0 And make my journey between two fair landmarks. 

To EgwestFs foundation of pre-eminent skill. 

And to Powj^s — from the one mansion to the other. 

In the world never has been better land 

For provision of food than where grows the corn of the 
virgin Marcella, 
15 Wheat-land, haj^-land, and coppice. 

Then I call upon the lord David, 

In the neat abbot's house of the vale, 

The privilege and the mainstay of the convent. 

The author of the high looks of Mechain ; 
20 As teacher to all hath he borne the bell. 

His tongue, with finished eloquence. 

Will make answer to [those from] nine lands. 

His wise lips, and his pleasant smile 

Will turn his phrases in accordance with grammar. 
25 Since the Abbot Rhys hath not been seen one 

Such a countenance in our island. 

A scholar skilled in all the learning of the age, 

Superior even to Cadoc. 

The equal of Solomon in authority, 
30 Or the Sibyl, over his house. 

Greatly frequented is Marchell, 

Whose abbot [gives light] like the moon through a grove. 

His white habit to Powys 

Above Severn is language and law. 
35 Not Peacock or Bacon have done aught — 

No suit-at-law is pressed — but he knows it. 

No answer or indictment is framed 

To the King, but [it comes] from his lips. 

Of the Crown he is a councillor, 
40 With Earl John is he also a courtier. 

He is the eagle of churchmen and their banquets, 

A chick sprung from the source of talents and nobility. 

Dewi the bishop, choice and precious. 

Is baptismal father to the wise David, 
45 Who changed a bath, for three ages of the woi-ld. 

With his two arms, into water of health. 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCH ELL. 



359 



Tlie second water^ from the hand of David, 
Is a font of water to profound faith. 
This is the David to subdue us ; 

50 An abbot whose foot is where have been three- 
Ben edict_, and the guileless Bernard, 
And Beuno. Be the fourth abbot 
Another— the chief of abbots — 
He who is now in office. 

55 May he come to bless us with his hand, 
With his bell, and with his tall staff, 
A bishop formally invested. 
And the golden mitre on his brow. 



NOTES. 

L. 2. " Leaves of gold." Perhaps a book with gilt- edge leaves, or 
^old-leaf in its primitive substance. 

L. 3. "Delay." The meanirg is obscure. 

L. 4. " Son." By a spiritual or ecclesiastical relationship. 

L. 7. " Banqueting-houses." The banquets were confined to the 
[guests, while the monks observed, as now, their rule of vegetarian 
' diet. 

L. 19. The abbot would appear from hence to have been a spe- 
cial benefactor to Mechain. 

L. 22. " Nine lands." An expression for an indefinite number. 

L. 25. " Rhys." Is there nowhere a list of these abbots ? 

L. 28. "Cadoc" (W. Cattwn, as in the poem of William Egwad to 
^his abbot). S. Cadoc the Wise, for whose life, see Ga7?ihro- British 
SS., and Montalembert's Monks of the West. 

L. 29. " Solomon" — Welsh " Salmon." The commoner form is 
" Selyf " 

L. 30. "Sibyl." Known to the ecclesiastics of the Middle Ages 
through her prophecy of Christ. 

L. 35. " Peacock." Reginald Peacock, Bishop of S. Asaph and of 
Chichester, of which See he was deprived for his heretical opinions. 
Collier's Eccl. Hist.^ vol., i, pp. 674-5. See also Diet, of Eminent 
Welshmen^ s. v. "Bacon," Friar Bacon. 

L. 40. "Earl John." Can he be the Earl of Worcester of that 
name in a.d. 1455 ? (Mo7it. Coll., vol. i, p. 342.) 

L. 43. "David the Bishop" (in Welsh Dewi), the patron saint of 
Wales, and also of these abbots respectively, who took their names 
from him. The change of water probably refers to some medicinal 
spring recorded by popular tradition to have been blessed by the 
saint. The second water is perhaps to be understood of that of the 
baptismal font (the word in the original is the Latin " fons") con- 
secrated by the abbot. 

L. 57. The poem concludes with a prayer that the abbot may be- 
come a bishop. 



360 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

We think it may be safely assumed that David ap 
Evan or Owen was abbot of this house, and was pro- 
moted to the see of St. Asaph in 1503. ^ We learn 
some particulars of him from Browne WiUis's Survey of 
St. Asaph;^ where he says : — 

" There is but one old monument in the cathedral, viz., 
that of a bishop lying in his robes betwixt the throne and the 
altar, who (as we read in the first volume of Athen. Ox., p. 
555) is said by tradition to be David ap Owen who built the 
bridge called Pont David, and who died about 1512.^' 

Browne Willis subsequently adds, — 

"Memorandum. David ap Owen, aforesaid, is called David ap 
Evan in a fair parchment roll of Henry the VIIPs time, whereon 
all the peers are painted in their robes they wore in parlia- 
ment. This roll was drawn in the said David's time, and is 
now in the closet of Sir John Crew of Utkinton in Cheshire. 
* * This is a part of a letter from Sir John Crew of 
Utkinton in Cheshire, who has in his closet a fair roll of vel- 
lum on which the members of the House of Lords are painted 
in the order they went to parliament, and in their proper robes, 
having their titles and coats of arms placed by each of them. 
I find there depicted David ap Evan, Bishop of St. Asaph. ^^^ 

In 28 Henry YI (1449-50) the king confirmed the 
Inspeximus Charter of 15 Edward II (March 12th, 
1322), which has been previously printed.^ 

1 Edward's edition, vol. ii, p. 9. 

2 Acopyofthe"Testamentum David (Owen) Episcopi Assavensis 
nuncupativum ut mihi videtur" is given by Browne Willis, from which 
the following is an extract :■ — " In Dei Nomine, Amen, xi die mensis 
Februarii A.D. mdxii. E-everendus in Christo pater Dominus David, 
Assavensis Episeopus, dum vixit fecit et condidit testamentum suum 
in se continens ultimam voluntatem nt sequitur. Imprimis animam 
suam omnipotenti Deoet Beafcse Mariae Yirgini, atque omnibus Sanctis 
commendavit, corpusque suum in Ecclesia sua Cathedrali Assa- 
vens. ex parte australi ejusdem Ecclesise juxta summum altare sepe- 
liri voluit. Yoluit etiam quod unus Capellanus discretus per execu- 
tores suos infra scriptos eligeretur, ad orandum pro salute animiB 
SU89 in predicta Ecclesia Cathedrali per tres annos, aut plures vel 
minores, ad arbitrium, voluntatem sive discretioncm executorum 
suorum hujusmodi celebraret, quern sufficienter per eos quanidiu 
celebraverit exhiberi voluit." 

s Mont. Coll., vol. i, p. 328. 







l^m. CmJUL.V/. hf4ce.Jt,a^iS6/> 






ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 361 

In his History of Meifod} the Eev. Walter Davies, 
when adducing evidence of the southern feeder of the 
E-iver Vyrnwy being called by that name, quotes a 
lease of a tenement called Tyddyn y Voel, in the parish 
of Llanbrynmair, by John, abbot of Ystrad Marchell, 
to John ab Howel Vychan, of Llwydiarth, Esq., dated 
[August 30th, 1530, nine years before the dissolution of 
the monastery. The specification of the boundaries runs 
thus ; " A rivulet called Nant y Gwythil on the east ; 
: another called Nant-hurdd on the west ; a rivulet called 
i Yyrnwy on the north ; and another called Yaen on the 
south part," and this lease is one of the few evidences 
of there having been an abbot of the name of John. 

In *' The case of the abbot of Strata Mercella" 
(5 Coke's Reports 40, Michaelmas, 33 and 34 Elizabeth, 
1591) John, the last abbot of the house and probably 
the same as the grantor of the lease of 1530, is men- 
tioned as having been seised of certain franchises or 
manorial rights up to the dissolution of the abbey on 
the 4th day of February, 27 Henry VIII, in right 
of the manor of Talerthig. The particulars of this 
case have been given in Montgomeryshire Collections, 
vol. ii, p. 115. 

An important point of law was decided by it. It 
was laid down that when the King grants any franchises 
which are in his own hands, as parcel of the flowers of 
the Crown, within certain possessions, then if they 
come again to the King, they become merged in the 
Crown, and the King has them again juo^e coronce, and 
if they were before appendant the appendancy is extinct 
(Cruise's Digest, iii, p. 307). 

The following extracts relating to the abbey of 
Ystrad Marchell are taken from the Book of Corrodies,^ 
or " Queen Mary's Book," containing an account of all 

^ Cnmhrian Quarterly, vol. i, p. 328. 

^ The following are also given in the same book : — 

Lanligan, nuj^er^ Mon\ 
Annuit' David ap U'n ap John ----- i^. vlijtZ. 



362 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

the pensions, fees, and annuities which were liable, at 
the date of that Queen's accession, to be paid by the 
Crown to persons who had been inmates of religions 
houses at the time of their dissolution by Henry YIII. 

Gomitaf Mongomery in Northiuall. 8 tr at am' cell. 

Nuper Priorat' 

p -J { Arthelandi Corwen per ann' - xxvjs. vlijcZ. 

°^^ * ( Joh^s Edwardes „ „ - xiijs. myl. 

Penc'd. Job's Price - . - - vj7i. xiijs. iiijcZ. 

From the foregoing it can be concluded that in 1553 
John Price was the last abbot of this monastery, and 
had a pension of £6 13s. 4d., which with corrodies 
was the sum this house remained charged with. 

By the Statute, 27 Henry VIII, all monasteries 
under the yearly value of £200 were given to the King 
in as large and ample a manner as the abbots had or 
ought to have had them. The landed possessions of 
this abbey, although of great extent, were not of corre- 
sponding value, probably from the practice adopted by 
this abbey of letting their land on lease at low rents. 



Cantar^ le Penc\ 

Thome Slienton nup' cclebran' ia s'uicio de la rode & 

Saint Son day in Newton ----- liijs. iujd. 

David Johnes nup' incumben' fraternitatis in villa de 

Welsh pole per annum Is. 

Will' mi Elkes nup' incumben' fraternitatis sive s'uic' 

b'te Marie in VilF Mountgomerye - - - iujli. 

Hugonis Wood alterius nup' incumben' ib'm p' ann' - iujU. 

Rici Smytbe alterius nup' celebran' ib'm per ann' - Ixvjs. viijVZ. 

Roberti ap Rith nup' celebran' in s'uic' sc'e Crucis in 

Llandisshill per ann' ------ xxs. 

John ap Thomas nup' stipend' de Churchstoke per ann' x\s. 

Hugonis ap David nup' stipend' in Mayllorde - - xv5. 

Rici ap Morice nup' stipendar' in Machenllettes (Ma- 
chynlleth) voc' our ladies prest in com' p'd'co 
per an'm -------- xh. 

Joh'es aphinald nup' stipend' in Charnoo (Carno) per 

an'm - xxs. 

Sm'a Om' Solucionum predictorum d'co comitalu 

Mongomery per an'm ----- xxxiiij7/ ixs. 



^pheir possessions were under £200 per annum, and the 

Hnonastery was dissolved by the above statute and all 

^Khe property became vested in the Crown, and remained 

^Bo for some years, and until it was from time to time 

li granted to various persons. In the appendix to this 

paper we shall print the Minister's Accounts from the 

I 27th Henry YIII, to 5 and 6 Phil, and Mary, which 

give a variety of particulars respecting the tenants' 

i names, dates of leases, acreage, and rents of the land. 

We shall proceed to give the particulars of the 

various grants as they were made by the Crown. 

1545-6. The first grant was made by letters patent 
37 Henry YIIT, to Sir Arthur D'Arcy, Knight, of the 
Manor of Talerthig, and of land in the parish of 
Worthyn, in the county of Montgomery (with other 
hereditaments not belonging to this abbey), by the 
following description : — 

" Ac eciam totum illud Man^iu^ n^r'm de Tallertheg cum suis 
juriV membris ^t p't'in univ'cis in parochiis de Llandryn- 
raayre Carno llannydelos Llanwynoge Treveglos Llanehangell 
Gwynva Llangadvan Llanorvyll Garthpibio Kemes Barowen 
Penegos 't Mahantleth in com' n'ro Montgomery nup' mo- 
nast'io de Strata Micella in d'co Com' n'ro Mongom'y aucto- 
ritate parliament! supp'ss 't dissolut' dudum spectan 't p'tinen' 
ac parcella possessionu' revencionu' seu p'ficuor' inde dudura 
existen' ac modo vel nup' in tenura dimissione sive occupac'oe 
Joh'is ap Howell Yaughan vel assign' suor' Acetiam totum 
illud mesuag' 't ten'tum n'r'um cum suis p'tin' scituat' jacen' 
't existen' in parocliia de [ ] in d'co com' n'co Mongom'3'e 

raodo vel nup' in tenura dimissione sive occupac'oe d'ci Joh'is 
ap' Howell Yaughan vel assign' suor 't d'co nup' monast'io de 
Strata M'cella p'tinen' sive spectan' ac parcella possessionu' 
revencionu' sive p'ficuor inde dudum existen' Aceciam om'es 
illas parcellas t're n'ras jacen' 't existen' infra parochiam de 
Worthym in d'co com' n'ro Montgom'ye modo vel nup' in 
tenura dimissione sive occupac'oe Reginaldi ap' Will'am 't 
d'co nup' monast'io de Stratam'cella dudum p'tinen' sive spec- 
tan' ac parcella possessionu' revencionu' seu p'ficuor' inde 
dudum existen' " 

The next grant was by letters patent 7 Elizabeth 
(15G4-5) of " lands in Teremenyth, and also the profits of 



364 ABBEY OF YSTBvAD MARCHELL. 

woods of Coyd Menytli and GoUegoUe," tlie particulars 
of which are set out in Minister s Accounts infra. 
At the foot of the particular we have : — 

" M'd The premisses be no parte of any mannor or lordshipp 
neither do adioyne to any the Quenes Ma'ties houses fforestes 
chaces or parke The woodes to be sVaied and certified by the 
Quenes Ma'tie generall sVeyor of woodes The said landes 
and tenementes ben all the landes and teneraentes that re- 
niaynes in the Quenes Ma'ties handes unpurchased within the 
towne and feildes of Tereminith aforesaid parcel of the said 
possessions It'm what number of acres the premisses conteineth 
I knowe not neythur what rayne or mynes of cole playster slat 
or mettall ben in or uppon the same xxj° die Octob'r 1564 
Ex' p' me Rob'tum Multon audit." 

The yearly value being £25 4s. 4d., the purchase 
money was rated at £766 10s. Od. 

In 8 Elizabeth (1565-6) another grant was made 
by letters^ patent of " the lands and tenements in 
Trahelig Stradelvedon and Madok Trevaunt and of the 
Grange of Penllyn", the particulars of which are given 
in the Minister's Account, infra. 

At the foot of the particular we have : — 

" M'd The p'misses ben all the revenewes of the saide mo- 
nastery now remayning in the Quenes Ma'ties possession (ex- 
cept twoo p'sonages of the yerely valew of xiij Zi.) And be no 
p't of any manner or lordshipp nor do aioyne to any the 
Quenes Ma'ties fforests chasies or p'kes And Mr. Alderman 
Heyward this sewter purchased the residue of the temp'alties 
amounting to the yerely rent of xxvZ^. iiijs. iiijtZ. in Novembre 
last The woods to be s'rveid by the Quenes gen'rall surveyor 
of her woods It'm I knowe not the goodnes of the soile nei- 
ther the nombre of acres nor any other thing meete to be con- 
sidered in the sale thereof x*^ July 1565 Ex' p' Rob'tum 
Multon deput' audit." 

The grant also included the scite, " le church crofte", 
water mill, park and ''greate mede" as in the Minister's 
Accounts, mentioned and made to Howland Heyward, 
Alderman of London, and Thomas Dyxson, Cloth worker 
of the same, of the premises. It recites that Edward 

1 Patent Roll, 8 Eliz., p. 0, m. 14. 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 365 

I by patent, Jan. 23, 6 Edward YI, had leased to 
Robert Trentham the scite of the monastery of Strata 
larcella [formerly demised to Edward Grey Lord 
*owes], also the grange of Penllyn and certain lands and 
[tenements in Trahelig, Stradelvedon, and Madok Tre- 
^aunt, for twenty-one years from the expiration of Lord 
"*owes lease, and then grants the reversion and rever- 
sions of the said scite, etc., grange of Penllyn, and lands 
md tenements in Trahelig, etc. etc., to Eowland Hey- 
ward. Alderman of London, and Thomas Dyxson cloth- 
worker of the same, together with many other posses- 
sions. 

We have been unable to discover any impression 
or particulars of the seal of this Abbey. 

Dr. Rawlinson had in his possession a round seal on 
the verge of which was inscribed " S[igillum] conv. de 
Poole", and in the centre a lion coward. It is engraved 
in his English Topographer, London, 1720, 8vo, p. 43. 
This seal was attributed by Tanner in his Notitia Mo- 
nastica, p. 716, to the Priory of St. George at Pool. 
But Mr. Gough in his British Topographer, vol. i, p. 
322, unaccountably states that " Mr. Hutchins refers 
it to Pool, Montgomeryshire", whereas upon referring 
to Hutchins' Dorsetshire, vol. i, p. 7, we find he does 
not mention ** Pool Montgomeryshire", but states that, 
there being no religious house in Pool in Dorsetshire, 
the seal seemed rather to have " belonged to S. Pool, 
Co. Devon, where there was a small priory." We come 
to the conclusion that to whatever house it belonged, 
there seems no ground for attributing the seal to this 
Abbey. 

We regret having to close our imperfect account of 
this Abbey without having had the opportunity afforded 
us of printing several other charters relating to it which 
are extant, and which would probably have thrown more 
light upon its history. 



366 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MAECHELL. 



List of Abbots and Priors so far 
Abbots. Pbiors. Date. 

Ithel 1176 



Enoch 
Griffith 



Griffith 



IE 



i>hilip 



Philip 

^ Sig[erius] "^ 
} [Aaron Cellarius] V 

C Julian Archdeacon ) 

r Master Heilyn & S 
\ Julian the Arch- V 
(_ deacon } 



1183 

1185 

1190 
1198 

1199 

1201 
1204 



G[ 



G[ ] 

James 

H[ 
David ap Owen 

John "^ 

or Evan ) 
John Price 

John 



1286 



1503 



1530 



] 1206 

] No date 

121U-15 



1227 
1276-7 



as can oe made oat. 
Authority. 

' Charter of Mareduth ap 
Howel, Mont Coll., iv, 21 
Giraldus Cambrensis, cited 
i in ib. iv, 22 
Charter of Elisse ap Madoc, 

ib. iv, 24 
Charter of Wennunwen, ib. 

iv, 27 
Ditto, ih. iv, 28 
Charter of Elisse ap Madoc, 
ib. iv, 31 

Charter of Wennunwen, ib. 
iv, 34 



Ditto, ib. iv, 299 

Meuric Sais and his brother, 

ib. iv, 304 
Madoc ap Griffith, ib. iv, 305 
Llewelyn, ib. iv, 307 
Eeyner, Bp. of St. Asaph to 

Oswestry Hospital, ib. iv, 

315 
Award, ib. iv, 220 
Grant from Griffin ap Wen- 
nunwen, ib. V, 125 
Deed of ditto, ib. 
Coke's Eeports, cited in M. C, 

ii, 115 
Willis's St. Asaph, M. C, vi, 

357 
Lit. Pat. 38 Henry VIII, M. 

C, V, 125 ; vi, 362 
Lease to John ap Howell Vy- 

chan, ib. vi, 73 



APPENDIX. 

ministers' accounts op the abbey of strata marcella. 

27 Henky VIII TO 5 & 6 Philip and Mary. 



27-32 Henry VIII, No. 209. 

Nap' monast' de Straf Marcella infra Ep'at' Assapheii* Sf infra 
Domin'm de Fowy stand. 

Comp's D^ni Powys milit^ omi' et sing'lor' d'nior' manerior 
terr' & ten^t' ac al' possession' quar^cumq' tam temporal 
q'am spir'a'l p'd nup' monater' p'tin' sive spectan' q' ad man 
dn'i regis nunc devener' & in man s' exist^ & annex' coron 
s' hered' sive successor' suis regum Anglie in augmen' revenc 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 367 

ejusdm' coron' Anglie virtute cuiusdara act' in p'liament' s' 
tent' ap'd Westm' sup' p'rogat' iiij'to die Februar' anno regni 
^Henr' viij Dei gra' Anglie & Franc' Regis fidei defensor' 

I'ni Hib'nie & in t'r' sup'mi capit' Eccli'e Anglican' xxvij'o. 

[nde edit' & pVis' p'ut in eod'm act' int' alia cont'. Viz. A 
Festo Sc'i Mich'is Archi' anno regni ipiu' Dn'i Regis xxvij'mo 

isq' idm' festum sc'i Mich'is Archi' extunc p'x' sequen' anno 

•egni p'd' Dni' Regis xxxij'do. Scil't p' quinq' annos in- 
tegros. 
Arri' 
Nuir q' prim' compu's ipiu' nu'c computant' ad usum D'ni 

legis. S'ma null'. 

Scitus nu'p Monaster' jp^d^ cu* Vr'* B'nic. 

S' r' compm' de xxxj'li v's de redd' t'r' d'ni ib'm in man' 
)d' d'ni Powys existen' ad vj'li' v s p' annu' & sic aretro ex- 
ist' p' p'd quinq' annis finit' ad fest' p'd' q' attingun' in toto 
^nt sup'a. S'ma xxxj'li v's. 

Redd' viir de Tralielig Stradelvveda & Moydocke Trevn'ant 
infra dm'n' de Powys lande & infra ep'ats pd'. 

R' de xlv'li xvij's vj'd de redd' div's t'r' & ten' dimiss' diu's 
tenent' ibm' p' indentur' ad ix'li iij's vj'd p' annu' aretro ex- 
isten p' tempus p'd' & sic in toto ut sup'a. 

S'ma xlv'li xvij's vj'd. 

Redd' viir de Tyrymynnyth. infra d'm' & ep'at' p'd'. 

R' de cliiij'li' xx'd de redd' diu's' t'r' & tenent' ibm' existen' 
fc'm p' indentur' q'am ad volunt' d'ni ad xxx'li xvj's iiij'd p' 
annu' q' attingunt in toto ut appar' sup'a. 

S'ma cliiij'li xx'd. 

Grang^ de Talei^thig. 

R' de xx'li p'ven' de diu's' t'r' p'tin' diet' Grang' m'o in 
man' Jo'his ap Powell Vaugh'an existen' & r' p' annu' iiij'li & 
sic aretro p' temp' p'd ut apparet sup'a. S'ma xx'li. 

Grang' de PelXyn. 

R' de xvj'li xiij's iiij'd crescen' de diu's' t'r' diet Grang' 
spectant' sive p'tin' modo in man' Kydwelly ap Ro'bt existen' 
& r' p' annu' Ixvj's viij'd & sic in toto ut sup'a. 

S'ma xvj'li xiij's iiij'd. 

Firm' Hector de Bario. 

R' de xlv'li de redd' decimar' ib'm pVen' de rector' p'd 
dimiss' Nicho Purser p' indentur' & r' p' annu' ix'li & sic 
aretro p' tempus p'd' ut appar' sup'a. S'ma xlv'li. 



368 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCIIELL. 

Firm' Hector* de Bettus. 

W de xx'li de redd' decimar' ib'm p'venien* de Rector' p'd* 
modo in man' Thorn' ap lu'an Lloyd existen' & r' p' aniiu' 
iiij'li & sic si'iimodo aretro existen' p' diet' tem'p ut siip'a. 

S'ma xxli. 
Exit' silve voc' Koid y Menyth. 

W de xxxiij's iiij'd p'ven' sive crescen' tarn de pannag' por- 
cor' ib'm q'am de melle modo in man' D'd ap Ju'an existen' 
ad volant' D'ni & r' p' annu' vj's viij'd & sic aretro p' diet' 
tempus ut sup'a. S'ma xxxiij's iiij'd. 

Ex'W silve voc' Gollegole. 

W de I's p'ven' sive crescen' de pannag' porcor' ib'm modo 
in man' p'd' D'd ap Jeuan & r' p' annu' x's & sic in toto ut 
sup'a. S'ma I's. 

Argent* adaurat'. 

R' de x's de p'cio j cruc' Wgne co'optur' cum argent' adaurat' 
& p' comission' D'ni Regis sic app'ciat' & vend'. S'ma x's. 

Fquis* Gar'*, 

R' de xvj'li xiij's iiij'd p'ven' sive crescen' de p'lit & p'quis' 
cur' ib'm p' sen'lm tent' infra d'c'm temp' ad Ixvj's viij'd p' 
an'. S'ma xvj'li xiij's iiij'd. 

S'ma on'is cccliiij'li iiij's ij'd. 
De quibus. 

Feod' et vad\ 

Idem comput' in food' Job'is ap Jeuan ap Hoell Vyciran 
collect' redd' in villa de Trahelig p'cipient' x s p' an' causa 
officii sui ex'cend' videl't in Allon'e hmoi' feed' p' iiij'or annis 
finit' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i anno regni Regis Henri' 
viij'^^ xxxj"^o xl's. Et in feed' D'd ap Gri' ba'lli de Tere 
Menyth p'cipient' xx's p' an' sic sibi concess' p' ex'cio officii 
s' p'd' videl't in Allone h'moi' feed' p' p'd' iiij'or annis finit' ad 
fest' p'dc'm Sc'i Mich'is iiij'li. Et in feed' D'ni Powys p'cipi- 
ent' xiij'li vj's viij'd p' an' sic p'd' D'no Powys concess' p' 
sigillu' convent' d'ci nup' Mon' vide'lt in Allon'e hmoi' feed' 
p'ut alloc' est p' magrm' cancellar' et consilliu' cur' augmen' 
reyenc' coron' dn'i Regis tam p' hoc anno xxxij'do q'am p' 
iiij'or annis p'ceden' quol't anno xiij'li vj's viij'd que attingu't 
in toto ad Ixvj'li xiij's iiij'd. S'ma Ixxij'H xiij's iiij'd. 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 369 

I'ma alloc* p'd' Ixxij'Ii xiij's iiij'd'. Et deb't' cciiij''^^j'li x's 

x'd. unde. 

jSup;. 

f Diu^os tenent' in villa de Trahelig p' t'nts den'iis p' ip'os 

p^no Eegi debit^ ad fest' S^ci Micb^is archi hoc an'o xxxijMo p' 

redd' et firm' in villa de Trahelig p'd' & adhuc insolut' videPt 

fde Arr' eor' aretro existen'. ix'li iijs vj'd'. 

Diu'sos tenent' in villa de Tyre Menyth p' tn't' den' p' ip'os 
d'no Regi debit' ad eund'm fest' S'ci Mich'is archi' in an'o 
sup'd p' redd' et firm' in Tere Menythe p'd' & adhuc insolut' 
videl't de Arr' eor' aretro existen' p' d'co an'o, 

xxx'li xvj's iiij'd. 

Johem' ap Howell Vychan firm' grang' de Talertheg su'pius 
on' ad iiij'li p' an' videl't de Arr' suis aretro existen' p' hoc 
an'o xxxij'do. iiij'li. 

Kidwellidar ap E-ob't firm' Grang' de Penllyn sup'ius on' 
ad Ixvj's viij'd p' an' vz de Arr' suis aretro existen' p' d'co an'o 
xxxij'do. Ixvj's viij'd. 

Nichm' Pursell firm' rector' de Berio sup'ius on' ad ix'li p' 
an' videl't de Arr' suis aretro existen' tam p' hoc an'o xxxij'do 
q'am p' iiij'or an' p'ceden'. xlv'li. 

Thoma' ap Jeuan Lloid firm' reef de Bettus sup'ius on' ad 
iiij'li p' an' videl't de Arr' suis aretro existen' p' hoc an'o 
xxxij'do. iiij^li. 

D'd ap Jeuan firm' ij silvaru' voc' Gollygolle et Gode Men- 
yth sup'ius on' ad xvj's viij'd p' an' videFt de arr' s' aretro 
existen' tam p' hoc an'o xxxij'do q'am p' iiij'or annis p'x' 
p'ceden'. iiij'li iij's iiij'd. 

Ip'm comput'ant de p' priis Arr' suis aretro existen' cu' vj'li 
v's p' red'i t'r' domi' cal' hoc anno xxxij'do. ciiij'^^ j'li xij'd. 



Minister's Account, 82-33 Henry YIII, No. 164.^ 

JVwj)' mon' de Strata Micella infa E'pat Assaj)'* ^ in BomHo de 

Powys. 

Comp'us Nich'i Pursell collector' o'im' et singl'or' dn'ior' 
man'ior' terr' & ten'toru' ac aliaru' possession' quaru'cu'q^ 



^ Redditu terrarum. 

2 Tiiis has been collated with the following Minister's Accounts, 
viz., 33-34 Hen. YHT, No. 133, referred to as B ; (34-5, 35-6, 36-7, 
37-8, Hen. VIH, not found,) 38 Hen. VHI to 1 Edw. VI, referred 
to as c ; 2 Edw. VI, No. 83; referred to as d ; 3 and 4 Edw. VI, 
No. 152, referred to as E; 4 and 5 Edw. VI, No. 164, referred to 

VOL. VI. B B 



370 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

tarn temporal q'am spir'a? p'dc'o nup' Mon' p'tin' sive spec- 
tan' que ad man' D'ni Regis nu'c devener' & in man' suis exist' 
& annex' coron' s' hered' sive successor' s^ regu^ Angl' in 
augmen' revenc' ejusd'm coron' Angl' virtut' cuiusdam act' in 
p'liament' suo tent' ap'd Westm' sup' progaco^em' iiij'to die 
Febr' anno Regni Henr' viij dei gra' Anglie & Fraunc^ r' fidei 
defensor' D'ni Hib'nie & in t'r' sup'mi capit' Anglican' Eccl'ie' 
xxvij'o inde edit & p'vis' p'ut in eod'm actu int' alia continet'. 
Videl't a festo S'ci Mich'is arch'i. Anno Regni ip'ius D'ni 
Regis xxxij'do usq' ad id'm festu' S'ci Mich'is archi' ext'nc 
p'x' sequen'. Anno Regni p'dci D'ni Regis xxxiij'o Scil't p' 
unu' annu^ integru'.^ 

Arr'ag. 

Id'm r' de cciiij'^'^j'li x's x'd de arrag'iis ultimi compi'. 
Anni p'x' p'ceden' p'ut patet in pede ibm'. 

S'ma cciiij'-^'^j'li x's x'd. 
Scit' nu]p' Mori' p'c?' cu* fr^ clo'icaW 

R' de vs' de re' scit' nup' mon' p'd' & edefic' ejusd'm cu' j 
gardino & uno pom'io in ma'ibus p'd' d'ni Powys ad volunfc' 
sol' ad fest' Ann'nc' b'e Marie Virgi's & S'ci Mich'is archi' p' 
equal' porco'es. 

R' de x's de re' uni's clans' iuxta dc'm' scit' voc' le Churcho 
Crofte cont' p' estimac' xij acr' in ma'ibus d'ci d'ni Powys ad 
volunt' d'ni sol' ad t' p'd'. R' de xxs' de reddu' un'i mol'i 
aquatic' in man' p'd' comput^ant' ad volunt' d'ni sol' ad t' 
p' d'. R' de xxx's de re' uni's p'ci cont' p' estimac' xxvj acr 
in ma'ibus p'd' d'ni Powys ad volunt' d'ni sol' ad t' p'd\ R' 
del x's de r'e j prat' voc' the greate mede cont' p' estimac' 
xxxiiij'or acr' in man' p'd' computant' ad volunt' d'ni sol' ad 
t' p'd'cos.2 S'ma vj'li v's. 



as F ; 5 and 6 Edw. VI, No. 177, referred to as G ; 6 Edw. VI, No. 
62, referred to as H ; 1 Mary, No. 200, referred to as i ; 1 and 2 
Philip and Mary, No. 213, referred to as K ; 2 and 3 Philip and 
Mary, No. 225, referred to as l ; 3 and 4 Philip and Mary, not 
found ; 4 and 6 Philip and Mary, No. 249, referred to as n ; 5 and 
6 Philip and Mary, No. 262, referred to as 0. 

^ Adam Yonge, bailiff, c, n, e ; Thomas Anneslowe, bailiff, f, g ; 
Thomas Anneslowe, deputy of Adam Yonge, h ; David ap Jen'an 
Gyttyn, bailiif, i ; Robert Trentham, bailiff, K, L ; Andrew Corbet 
and Robert Trentham, collectors, m ; Robert Trentham, farmer, N. 

2 Scite leased to Edward Gray, Lord Powys, by indenture 17th 
Sept. 37 Henry VIII, for twenty-one years, rent £6 55. ; c, D, e, f, 
G, H, T, K, L, M, N. Granted to Hey ward, 8th Eliz. See extract, supra. 



ABBEY OP YSTRAD MARCHELL. 37l 

Viir de Trahelig Stradeheclon 8j^ MadoJc Trev'ant infa domin* 
de Fowys Sf m ep'af ]j'*d'} 

R' de viij's iiij'd' de re' uni' mo'li cu' uno prato voc' 
Gwerlloid y Velyn ac j p'cell' t'r' voc' Pull' Coche in man' 
Griffith ap D'd Lloid p' indentur' sigillo convent' sigillat' dat' 
X die mensis April' anno Regni Regis Henr' viij xx'*^ h'end' 
& tenend' d'c'm' molin' cu* cursu aque & omnibus aliis eisa- 
ment' & nec'acijs una cu' prat' & p'celF sup'd p' fat' Griffino & 
assign' s' a die confeccioii' pr'd'cin' usq' ad finem t'mini iiij'''^ 
xix an' t'nc p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde 
an' sup'a sol' ad fest' Sci' Mich'is archi' tm' cu' sect cur'. 
R' de xiij's iiij'd de re' j ten'ti' cu' p'tin' nup' in ten' Rob'ti 
ap Ris n'nc in man' Joh'is ap Jenn' ap Hoell'^ Vaughan p' 
indent' sub sigillo convent' d'ci' nup' Mon' dat' xx'o die 
Febr' Anno D'ni' mdxxvij'o hend' sibi & assign' s' a die con- 
feccion' pn'cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini' iiij'^^ xix An' t'nc p'x' 
sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' ut sup* 
sol' ad t' ibm' usual' & ij's noi'e h'iect'^ cu' accider' R' de 
viij's iiij'd de re' j tent'i nup' in ten' Jeuan Bage* ap Jeuan 
Madok' modo in man' Jeuan ap Hoell Yyclian & Margaret 
v'3 Hoell Vychan p' indent' sigillo convent' sigillat' dat' 
xii'o die Septembr' Anno D'ni mdxxij'do hend' sibi & 
assign' s' ac Margaret' v'3 Hoell Yychan A die confeccion' 
pn'cin' usq^; ad finem t'mini & p' t'mino vite d'cor' Jeuan ap 
Hoell and Margaret' v^z Hoell ac eor' hered' mascul' de corp'e 
suo legittie' p'creat' Reddend' inde an' ut sup' sol' ad fest' 
annu'c' b't Marie Yirgi's & S'cti Mich'is Archi' p' equal' por- 
co'es. Et p' d' Jeuan & Margaret' rep'abunt p'd' tentu' cu' 
p'tin' sumptibus suis p^prijs & expenc' durant' vita eor'. R' 
de xxij's de re' j ten'ti voc^ Tere Marche cu' cert' p'cell' t'r' 
voc' Plas y Cowrte Gwerloid Wanre Porb' Cowrte & dimi- 
diet' j part' voc^ y Gwirloid Vache sic di' Regnal d' ap Dd' ap 
Jeuan Gwyn p' indent' sigillo convent' sigillat' dat' xx'o die 
April' anno regni regis Henr' viij xx'mo. Hend' sibi & 
assign' suis a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini 
iiij'^^ xix An' tnc' p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Red- 
dend' inde ut sup' sol' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm' cu' 
sect' cur' bis in anno. R' de x's de re' j p'cell' t'r' voc' 
Hyrdrid cu' om'ibus p'cell' t'r' jac' in vill' de TraheHge & 



^ This entry abridged in c to a few words, no names or particulars 
being given. Also in d, e,f, G, h, i, k, l, m, n, granted to Hayward, 
8th Eliz. See extract. ^ Ap Powell, particulars for grant. 

2 Heriecti. * Vag, particulars for grant. 

BB 2 



372 ABBEY OF YSTPwAD MARCHELL, 

Tyven' pride que nup^ fiiernt' in ten' Davyd Goge ap Mathewe 

n'nc in man' DM ap Jon' Peres p' indent' sub sigillo convent' 

d'ci nup' Mon' dat' x'o die Julii anno D'ni mdxxvij'o Hend' 

sibi & assign' suis a festo Sc'i MicM's Arch'i ultimo p'terit' 

usq' ad finem t'mini iiij'^^ xix An' tu'c p'x' sequen' & 

plenar' complend' Eeddend' inde an' ut sup' sol' ad fest' 

annuc' be' Marie Yirgi's & Sc'i Miclli^s Arch'i equalr'. R' de 

viij's viij'd de re' ni' ten'ti voc' Tyr yr Oden nup' in ten' 

D'd ap Jenken Anivi nu'c in ten' Joh'is ap Mathewe Widd' p' 

indent' sigillo convent' sigillat' dat' xxvj die April' anno regni 

R' Henr' viij' xx'o. Hend' sibi' & assign' s' a die confeccion' 

pn'cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini iiij''''' xix An' t'nc p'x' sequen' 

& plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad 

fest' Sc'i Micli'is Arch'i tm' in una soluc' & sect' cur'. R' de 

■vj's viij'd de re' p'cell' t'r' voc' y Meissidd^ Gwenyon^ & 

Gwyr y Tailor in ten' Jeuan ap Bedo Blayne p' indent' sigillo 

convent' sigillat' dat' xij'o die April' an'o regni R' Henr' viij 

xx'o. Hend' sibi & assign' s' a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq' ad 

t'min' iiij''^'^ xix An' t'nc p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' 

Reddend' inde an' ut sup' sol' ad fest ann'nc be' Marie 

Virgi's & Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i equalr' cu' sect' cur'. R' de vj's 

viij'd de re' j tenti cu' quad'um domo voc' Lluest in man' 

D'd ap Gethyn ap D'd^ p' indent' sigillo convent' sigillat' dat' 

xxviijo' die April' anno regni Regis Henr' viij xx'o hend' sibi 

& assign' s' a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq' ad t'min' Ixij'^^ xix. 

An' t'nc p'x' sequend' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde 

an' ut sup' sol' ad fest' Sc'i Michi's Arch'i t'm in una 

solucoe'. R' de viij's iiij'd de re' j tent' nup' in ten' D'd 

Gitten Gough modo in man' Meredith' ap D'd ap Jeuan 

Goze p' indent' sigillo convent' dat' xxviij die April' anno 

regni Regis Henr' viij xx'o Hend' sibi & assign' s' a die 

confeccion' p'n'cin' usq' ad finem t'mini iiij'^'^ xix An' t'nc 

p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' ut 

sup' sol' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm'. R' de vj's viij'd 

re' uni' tent'i voc' y Davanre Dywerche quod nup' fait in ten' 

D'd Jeuan Daxkyn* modo in man' Jeuan ap Daxkyn Ben- 

greth^ p' indent' sub sigillo convent' d'ci nup' mon' cui dat' 

est ij'do die Novembr' anno D'ni mdxxj'o hend' sibi & 

hered' s' mascul' de corp'e suo p'creat' a die confeccion' p'n' 

^ Imeisfelde, particulars for grant. 

2 Y Meissed Gwenyon, b. 

^ David Gwynne ap David, particulars for grant. 

* Nup' in tenur' Jen'un Daxen, b. 

^ Veugrith, particulars for grant. 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 373 

c'n^ usq' ad fine' iiij'^'' xix an' tu'c p'x' sequen' and plenar' com- 
plend' Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' ann'nc be' 
Marie Virgi's & Sc'i Micli'is Arch'i equalr'. R' de v's de re' 
di' tenti' cu' dimidietat' t'r' voc Tyden^ ynant nup' in ten' 
Jeuan ap D'd Dewe n'nc in man' Rob'ti ap Jeuan ap Bedo p' 
indent' sub sigillo convent' d'ci nup' mon' dat' xxvij'o die 
Septembr' anno D'ni mdxxxiij'o Lend' sibi & assign' suis a 
die confeccion' p'n' cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini iiij'^^ xix An' 
t'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde ut sup'a 
sol' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm. R' de v's de re' di' 
tenti nup' in ten' Hoell ap Jeuan ap D'd Thewe n'nc in 
ma'ibus Hoell ap Jeuan ap l)'d Thewe p' indent' sigillo con- 
vent' sigillat' dat' vij die Octobr' anno regni Regis Henr' viij 
xx'o hend' sibi & assign' suis a die confeccion' p'n' cin' usq' 
ad fine' t'mini iiij'^^ xix An' t'nc p'x' sequen' & plenar' 
complend' Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i 
Mich'is Arch'i t'm. R' de v's iiij'd de re' j tenti' voc' 
Tydden y Purse jac' in villa de Gare in man' Gitten' Goze ap 
D'd p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' xx'o die Septembr' 
anno regni Regis Henr' viij xxj'o hend' sibi & assign' s' a die 
confeccion' p'n' cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini iiij'^* xix An' t'nc' 
p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' ut 
sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm' in una sol'ne'. R' de 
vj's viij'd de re' diu's' p'cell' t're que nup' fuerunt in ten' D'd 
Lloid' Widd' nu'c in man' Jeuan Lloid' ap Jeuan p' indent' 
sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' xxviij'o die Januar' anno regni 
Regis Henr' viij xix'mo hend' sibi & assign' suis a fest' Sc'i 
Mich'is Arch'i ultimo p'terit' usq' ad fine' t'mini iiij'^* xix 
An' t'nc p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde 
an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm'. R' de v's 
iiij'd de re' uni' ten'ti cu' p'tin' in man' Hoell ap Jeuan 
Lloid^ p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' xxiiij'to die 
Januar' an'o D'ni mdxxvij'o hend' sibi & assign' s' a die 
confeccion' p'n' c'n' usq' ad fine' t'mini iiij'^"" xix An' t'nc 
p'x' sequen' et plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' ut 
sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm' in una sol'ne. R' 
de v's de re' j tenti' cu' p'tin' in man' Leodevici ap Griffith 
Morice p' indent' sigillo convent' sigillat' q'm quidem non 
ostend' sol' ad fest' annuo' be' Marie Yirgi's & Sc'i Mich'is 
Arch'i p' equal' porcoe's. R' de vj's viij'd de re' j tenti cu' 
p'tin' nup' in ten' Joh'is Prote ap Hugh n'uc in ten' D'd ap 
Jeuan ap D'd p' indent' sub sigill' convent' d'ci' nup' mon' 

^ Tyden y Naunte, particulars for grant. 

2 Howell Lloid ap Jeuan, particulars for grant. 



374 ABBEY OF YSTEAD MAECHELL. 

dat' xiiij^to die Febr' anno D'n' mdxxxv'to hend' sibi & 
assign' s' a die confeccion p'n' cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini iiij''''^ 
xix An' tu'nc p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' 
inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i MicTi'is Arch'i t'm'. R' 
de v's de re' uni' ten'ti voc' Tiden Courte in man' p'd D'd ap 
Jenn' ap^ D'd p' indent' sigillo convent' sigillat' dat' xiiij die 
Decembr' anno regni Regis Henr' viij xxiij'o hend' sibi & 
assign' s' a die confeccion' p'n' cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini iiij'*'^ 
xix An' t'nc p'x' sequen & plenar' complend' Reddend' 
inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm. R' de 
yj's viij'd de re' j. ten'ti nup' in ten' Rici' ap Jeuan Madok 
cu' quad' am p'cell' t're' quond'm in ten' Ll'n' ap Jon' Geffrey'^ 
quod quidm' ten'tu cu' p'cell' t're p'd' exist' nu'c in man' 
Griffith ap D'd Lloid p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' 
xiiij die Marcii anno regni R' Henr' viij'o xx'mo hend' sibi & 
assign' suis a die confeccion p'n' cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini 
iiij^'' xix An t'nc p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Red- 
dend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad duos anni t' ios ib'm usual'. 
R' de xxxiij's iiij'd de re' j ten'ti cu' p'tin voc' y Kefige^ 
Vryn sic di' Hugoni Tuder ap M'rdd p' indent' sigillo convent' 
sigillat' dat' xxvj'to die Septembr' anno D'ni md hend sibi 
& assign' suis A die confeccion' p'n' cin' usq' ad t'min' 
iiij'^"" xix An' tu'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Red- 
dend' inde ut sup'a sol' ad fest' anu'uc be' Marie Virgi's & 
Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i equalr'. R' de vj'd de re' j ten'ti in te'n 
D'd ap D'd ad volunt' d'ni' sol' ad t' p'dco's. 

S'ma ix'Ii iij's vj'd. 

Villa de Tyre Menyth infa domin'' de Poiuys & in Ejjaf 

W de xlvj's viij'd de re' j ten'ti cu' ij p'cell' t're voc' Koitge 
y Yicar & Gwyrloidd' y Cunstable in man' D'd ap D'd p' in- 

^ Ap, omitted in b. 

^ GefFerey B, Jeffre, particulars for grant. 

^ Kayfig, particulars for grant. 
^ * The accountant in c renders an account of £30 : 13: 4 here men- 
tioned, but does not render account of 2s. of rent of one plot of land 
in the tenure of Reginald ap William, because King Henry YIII, 
by patent, 26th September, 36 Henry YIII, granted it to John 
Pope and Anthony Foster, and the heirs and assigns of said John 
to have and to hold to the use of one William Blount, his heirs and 
assigns, in free burgage by fealty only, and not in capite for any 
rents or services. Same in d, e, f, g, h, i, k, l, m, n. This rent of 
2s. was granted, also, to Sir Arthur Darcey, 37 Henry YIII. See 
extract. This second grant, however, may have been made on ac- 
count of some legal difficulty and for better security. 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 375 

dent' sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' xxijMo die Marcii anno regm 
Regis Henr' viij xx'o hend' sibi & assign' s' a die confeccion' 
p'n' cin' usq^ ad fine' t'mini iiij'^^ xix An' tu'c p'x' sequen' 
& plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a so? ad 
fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm' in una solu'e cu' om'ibus consuet' 
quas tenent' d'ce vill'e reddere debent. W de xx's de re' i. 
ten'ti cu' cert' p'cell t're voc' Gardd' y Llitte^ y p'ke Newyd 
Gwyrloidd' Vadok' & Yscokeyonne nup' in ten' Hoell Yaughan 
n'nc in ten' Rob'ti ap Ris p' indent' sigill' convent' sigill' dat' 
viij'o die Octobr' anno regni R' Henr' viij' hend' sibi & assign' 
s' a die confeccion' p'n' cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini iiij'^^ xix An' 
t'nc p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' 
ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm' in una soluc'. 
R' de xiij's iiij'd de re' j. mo'li aquat' voc' the mille of Kagig- 
way^ sic di' Thome Lloid^ p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' 
dat' xx'o die Maii anno regni Regis Henr' viij xx'o hend' sibi 
& assign' s' a die confeccion' p'n' cin' usq' ad fine' t'mi iiij'^'^ 
xix An' tu'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' 
inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i t'm' cu' 
sect' cur' ibm'. R' de xxvj's viij'd de reddu' j ten'ti nup' in 
ten' Owini* ap Morga' cu' quadam p'cell' t'r' quondam in 
ten' Dyo ap Gitten' Ycoide^ que qiiidm' dimittu't nu'c Joh'is 
Baker p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' x'o die Marcii 
anno regni Regis Henr' viij xxij'do hend' sibi & assign' suis a 
die confeccion' p'n'cin' usq' ad tine' t'mi' iiij'^^ xix An' 
tu'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' 
ut' sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc' Mich'is Arch'i t'm' cu' om'ibus 
consuetud' in dc'a vill' usitat'. R' de xx's de re' j ten'ti 
voc' Gwyrhawo de Tydder al' Gwyrloid y Hawod cu' quadam 
p'cell' t'r' voc' Kevey yr Hawode sic di' Joh'i Bedd'o p' in- 
dent' sigi'll convent' sigillat' dat' xxij'do die Maii Anno Dni' 
M'l D xxvj'to hend' sibi & assign' suis a die confeccion' pn' 
cin' usq' ad fine' t' mini iiij''''' xix An tuc' 'p x' sequen' 
plenar complend' Reddend' inde ut sup' sol' ad fest' Sc'i 
Mich'is Arch'i tm' cu' om'ibus consuetud' p' tenent' dee' 
vill' usitat'. R' de x's iiij'd de Reddu' j tenti' voc' Tidden' 
Nn'unt y Palys® cu' iij croft' voc the berecroft the rownde 
croft & the buschemedoe in man' D'd Lloid' ap D'd p' indent 
sigill' convent' sigillat' dat x'o die Julii anno regni R' Henr' 
viij XV hend' sibi & assign' suis a die confeccion' pn' cin' 



^ Llytte, B. 

2 Late in tenure of David Vaughan, in the grant. Kagigwey, B. 

^ Lloyd, B. '^ Owyu, B. ^ Ycoyde, b. 

6 Palis, B. 



376 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

tisq' ad fine' t'mini iii'*^ xix An' tu'c p' x' sequen' & plenar' 
complend' Reddend' inde ut sup'a soV ad fest' Sci' Michi'a 
Arch'i tm'. R' de xviij's iiij'd de re' ij ten'tor voc' yr 
Ystum Vcha^ & Yr istem Issa in man' Lin' ap Meredith p' 
indent' sigill' convent sigillat' dat' prime die Febr' anno' regni 
Regis Henr' viij xx'o Lend' sibi & assign' suis a die confeccion' 
pn' cin' usq' ad fine' t' mi' iiij''^ xix an' tu'c 'p'x sequen & 
plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fstm' 
S'ci Michi's Arch'i tm'. Et p'd' Lin' & assign' s' p'd' duo 
ten'ta' cu' om'ibus domibus & 'p tin' b'n & sufficient' re'pabunt 
& sustinebunt durant' t'mio' p'd'co. R' de xx's de re' j 
ten'ti' cu om'ibus s' p'tin' in man' Hugonis Jo'ne ap Ris p' 
indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' qu'm quidm' non ostend' sol ad 
fstm' p'd.2 R' de xxvj's viij'd de re' diu'sar 'pcell' t' r' in 
man' Hugonis ap Jeuan Jo'hn Gwyn p' indent sigill' convent' 
sigillat' dat' xx'o die Febr' anno dni mdxix'no bend' sibi 
& assign suis a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq' ad fine' t' 
mi' iiij"'* xix An' tu'c p'x' sequen and plenar' complend' 
Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i Micbi's Archi' 
tm' et p'd' Hugo & assign' sui re'pabunt & ex novo edifi- 
cabunt unu' tentu' sup' 'pcU' t'r p'dce suis p'prijs expenc' 
R' de xvj's viij'd de re'n iij ten't voc' Dacken ap Githen ap 
Dyo yr y gilvanche oer nup' in ten' Datkyn ap Gitto modo in 
man' Jeuan ap Gitto Goze p' indent' sigi'll convent' sigillat' 
dat' xxj' die Maii an'o Regni Regis Henr' viij' xx'o hen'd sibi 
& assign' s' a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq' ad fine' t'mini iiij'xx 
xix' an' t'nc p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' 
inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' S'ci Mich'is Archi' tm' in una 
soluc' R' de iiij's de re' ij' p'cell' t'r' voc' Klote y Conent 
& y Sale Newid que nup' fuerunt in ten' Burgensis Vill' de 
Pole n'nc in ten' Will'mi ap Kidwelled'^ p' indent' ' sigill' 
convent' sigillat' dat' viij'o die Novembr' anno regni Regis 
Henr' viij' xxvij'o hend' sibi & assign' suis a die confeccion' 
pn'cin' usq' ad fine' t'mi' iiij'^^ xix' An' t'uc p'x' sequen' 
& plenar' complend' reddend' inde an' ut sup'a so'l ad fsm' 
S'ci Mich'is Archi' tm.' R' de xviij's iiij'd de re' j ten'ti voc' 
p'ny Garrok cum quadm'u p'cell' t'r' voc' y Tailo'r Erion' in 
mai'bus D'd Vychn'u ap D'd Madok' p' indent' sigill' convent' 
sigillat' dat' in vigilia S'ci Mich'is Archi' an'o Dni' m'l d viij'o 
hen'd sibi & assign' suis a die confeccion' pn'cui' usqz ad fine' 
t'mi' iiij'xx xix' an' tuc' p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend'. 



^ Yr Ystum Ycha, omitted in grant, and particulars for grant. 
2 Not in the particulars for grant to Chapman, nor in the grant 
itself. 3 Kydwellyder, b. 



ABBEY OF YSTEAD MARCHELL, 377 

teddend^ inde an^ ut sup'a soV ad fest^ S^ci Mich'is Archi' 
i' W de iiij's de re^ diu\s p^cell^ t^r' voc' Maise y Wellyn 
mai^bus Jo^his ap John p^ indent' sigilF convent' sigillat' 
tt' XX die Januar' anno D'ni mdxxx hend' p'fat' Jo'hi & 
5sign' s' a die confection' pn'cin' usq' ad fine' t'mi iiij'^'^ 
iix' an' tu'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde 
it sup'a sol' ad fest' annu'c be' Marie Virgi's & S'ci Mich'is 
Archi' p' equal' porco'es. R' de xx's de re' uni's pastur' voc' 
y Kyve ygwerloid cu' una p'cell' t'r' in silva ib'm in man' 
Rogeri ap Jon'^ Gwyn p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' 
ij'do die Septembr' anno regni R' Henr' viij xxvij'o hend' 
sibi & assign' s' a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq' ad fine' t'mi' 
iiij^'''' xix' an' tu'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' 
inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' S'ci Mich'is Archi' tm' R' de 
xl's de re' uni's p'ce'll t'r' voc' Dolle ychan Issa in man' 
Jeuan ap Gitto Dyo p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' 
vj'to die Marcii anno regni Regis Henr' viij xxv'to hend' 
Bibi & assign' s' a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq' ad fine' 
t'mini iiij'^^ xix' an' tu'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' 
Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fi'm' Sci' Michi's Arc'hi 
tm'. R' de xxix's viij'd de redd' ij ten't in man' Jeuan ap 
Gitto p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' xx'o die April' 
anno dni' miiijciiij''"'v hend' sibi & assign' suis a die con- 
feccion' pn' cin' usqz ad fine' t'mi' iiij'^'' xix an' tu'c p'x' 
sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' 
ad t'i'os ib'm' usual'. R' de x's iiij'd de re' diu'sar' p'cell' 
t'r' voc' Plas Dogen que nup' fuerunt in ten' Meredith ap 
Jeuan Dyo modo in man' Jeuan ap Gitto ap Dyen p' indent' 
sigill' convent' sigillat' dat' xvij'o die April' anno dni' m'^ d 
xxij'o hend' sibi & assign' suis a die confeccion' pn' cin' usq' 
ad fine' t'mi' iiij'''^ xix An' tuc' p' x' sequen' & plenar' com- 
plend' Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sci' Michi's 
Arch'i tm' in una soluc'oe. R' de xviij's iiij'd de re' j tenti' 
voc' Penlam & Kitsen cu' vij acr' t'r' jac' sup' Bryn' Blewe 
sic dimiss' Dd' ap Gitten' Blache p' indent' sigill' convent' 
sigillat' dat' ij'do die Decembr' anno dni' m'^ iiijc'iiij'^^ix 
Lend' sibi & assign' s' a die confeccion' p'n'cin' usq' ad fine' 
t' mi' iiij'*^ xix An' tu'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' 
Reddend' inde an' ut' sup'a sol' ad fest' Sci' Michi's Archi' 
tm'. R' de vj's viij'd de re' ij p'cell' t'r' quar' una voc' 
Llewyen' Ywell' ^ & alt'a p'cell' voc' Kadicus cu' alia p'cell' 
t'r' scituat' int' d'cas duas p'cell' t'r' sic di' Jeuan Dd' ap 
Jeuan p' indent' sub sigill' convent' dci' nup' mon' cui' dat' 

^ John, B. 2 Lloy Wien ywell, grant. 



378 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCH ELL. 

est xxWyo die Septembr' anno regni regis Henr^ xviij xxvij'o 
hend^ sibi & assign' suis a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq' ad 
fine' t'mi' iiij'^'' xix An tu'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' com- 
plend Eeddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sci^ Michi's 
Arcli'i tm' in una soluc' cu' omib'us alijs consuetud' quas 
tenent' istius vilF solvere consueveriint. R' de v's iiijM de 
Redd'n uni' prati voc^ Giwirloid cu' om'ibus suis p'tin' in 
maib'us Hugonis ap Jeuan Goze p' indent' sigill' convent' 
sigillat' dat' xij'o die Febr' anno regni Regis Henr' viij xj'o 
bend' sibi & assign suis a die confeccion pn'cin' usq' ad 
fine' t'mi' iiij''''^ xix An' tu'c 'p'x' sequen' & plenar' com- 
plend' Reddend' inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sc'i 
Michi's Arch'i t'm' in una soluc' cu' om'ibus consuetud' 
quos tenent' p'd' vill' sol' tenent'. R' de vj's viij'd de re' 
j ten'ti' voc' Tene Coid' cu' una Acr' p'pe d'cam' domu' 
sic di' Owens ap Grr' ap Tudder p' indentur' sigill' convent' 
sigillat' dat' ix'no die Januar' anno Dni' m'dxxxj hend' sibi & 
assign' sais a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq' ad fine' t'mi' iiij''^'^ 
xix An' tu'c p'x' sequen' & plenar' complend' Reddend' 
inde an' ut sup'a sol' ad fest' Sci' Mici's Arch'i tm' in una 
soluc' cu' omni'bus alijs cousuetud' p' tenent' d'ce vill' debit'. 
^R' de cvj's viij'd de re' diu'sar' p'cell' t'r cu' p'tin in man' 
Nich'i Purcer^ p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' q'm quid'm 
non ostend' sol' ad duas Anni t'mios videl't ad fest' Annuc' 
be' Marie Virgi's & Sci' Michi's Archi' p' equal' porco'es 
R' de vj'd de re' j ten'ti in maib'us Ris Lloid' p' indent' 
sigill' convent' sigillat' q'm quid'm non ostend' sol' ad' t' 
p'd'. R' de xvij's de re' j tenti' in maibus Hugonis ap 
Madok p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' ut dicit'r sol' ut 
sup'a. R' de xiij's iiij'd de redd' j tenti cu' p'tin' in mai'bus 
p'd' Hugonis p' indentur' sigill' convent sigillat' q'mquid'm 
non ostend' sol' ad t' p'd'. R' de xxvj's viij'd de re' j ten'ti' 
cu p'tin' in man' Rici' ap Owen p' indent' sigill' convent' 
sigillat' q'm quid'm non ostend' sol' ad t' p'd'. R' de vj's 
viij'd de re'u j tenti' cu' p'tin' in maib'us p'd' Rici p' indent' 
sigill' convent' sigillat' q'um quid'm non ostend' sol' ad t' p'd'. 
R' de ij's^ de re' j plac' t'r' in ten' Regnald' ap Willm' p' 
indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' q'm quid'm non ostend' sol' ad 
t' p'd'. R' de xx'd de reddu o'im ter' iac' in Campis de 
Whitefelde in man' Grifiith ap David ap Ph'ip^ p' indent' sigill' 

^ Not in the particulars for grant to Chapman nor in the grant. 

2 Pursett, B. 

3 Granted to Pope and Foster, 36 Hcnrv VIII. See sujn-a. 
* PhilUp, B. 



II ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 379 

invent' sigillat' q'm quid'm non ostend' sof ad t' p'dco's. 
' de xx's de Reddu unius tenti' cu' p'tin' voc' Tyden Yevron 
' i in man' Griffith ap Dd' Lloid p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' 
\ q'm quid'm non ostend' sol' ut sup'a. R' de v's de re' 
diraidietat' Campi voc' Borna Yaure in man' Rob'ti ap Ris ad 
volunt' dn'i sol' ad t' p'd'. R' de v's de re' alt'ius di' Campi' 
de Borna Vaure in man' Oweni ap Gri' ap Tuder ad volunt' 
dni' sol' ad t' p'dcos. R' de xij'd de re' uni's p'cell' t'r' voc' 
Brown Blewe in man' D'd Vaughan D'd ad volunt' dni' sol' 
ad t' p'd'. R' de vj'd de redd'u uni' p'cell' t'r' in man' Moricii 
ap Jon'e ap Jenken' ad volunt' sol' ut sup'a. R' de xx'd de 
re' alt'ius p'cell' t'r' in man' Meredith ap Lin' ap Tuder ad 
volunt' sol' ad t' p'd'. R' de xxvj's viij'd de re' Customorior' 
porcor' ovor' et gallinar^ que tenent^ dee' vill' an' reddere 
teuent'a sol' ad ter pM'cos. S'ma xxx'li xvj's iiijM. 

Gh^angia de Talertheg} 

R' de iiij'li de red'du Grang' p'd' cu' p'tin' sic di' Jo'hi ap 
Howell' Vaughan p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' sol' ad 
fest' Annuo' be' Marie Virg'is & S'ci Mich'is Archi' p' equa'l 
porco'es. S'ma iiij'li. 

Grangia de Fenllyn? 

R' de Ixvj's viij'd de firm' Grang' p'd' cu' p'tin' sic di' 
Kydwellider ap Robt' p* indent sigill' convent' sigillat' sol' ad 
fest' sci' Michis Archi' t'm. S'ma Ixvj's viij'd 

Hector de Bario.^ 
R' de ix'li de re' decimar Rector p'd' cu' p'tin' in man' 

^ This entry is omitted in c, D, and all subsequent rolls. Rents 
in Cowno and Worthyn (Montgomery), late of the abbey of Llan- 
liggan and monastery of Strathmargel, and the farm of the manor 
of Talertheg, with a rent in Montgomery, late of the monastery of 
Strathmarghel, were granted to Sir Arthur Darcy in 87 Henry 
VIII. Particulars for grants — Sir Arthur Darcey, 2nd July, 37 
Henry VIII, sec. 3 ; patent roll, 37 Henry VIII, p. 12, August 23. 
See extract. 

2 Same in c, D, E, p, g, h, i, k, l, m, n. Granted to Hayward and 
Dixon, 8 Eliz. See extract. 

^ Same in c, D, e, f, g, h, i, k, l ; omitted in m and N ; but in N 
another hand has entered as if noting an omission : — Rectoria de 
Bario ; rectoria de Bettus. We do not find any grant of these two 
rectories in 3, 4, 5, and 6 Philip and Mary. Query, only accidental 
omission? The Minister's Accounts of Elizabeth at the Land 
Revenue Office show this. They were not granted out. See me- 
morandum at end of particulars for grant to Hayivard. 



380 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

Nichi' Purceir p* indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' sol' ad fest' 
Annuo' be' Marie Yirgis & Sci' Miclii's Archi' equalr' 

Sm'a ix'li 
Rector de Bettus} 

R' de iiij'li de Reddu' Rector' p'd' cu' p'tin in man' Thome 
an Jeuan Lloid' p' indent' sigill' convent' sigillat' sol' ad fest' 
Annnc' be' Marie Virgi's & Sci' Michi's Archi' equalr' 

Sm'a iiij'li 
Exitus Silve voe* Koid y Menythe.^ 

R' de vj's viij'd p'venient' tm' de pannag' porcor' iVm qu'm 
de melle mo do in man' Dd' ap Jeuan ad volunt' dni' sol' ad 
fest' Annuo' be' Marie Virgis & Sci' Michi's Archi' equalr. 

Sm'a vj's viij'd 
Exitus silvc voc Gollegolle.^ 

R* de x's 'pvenient de pannag' porcor' in dca' silva in man' 
p' d'ci D'd ap Jeuan ad volunt' dni' sol' ad fest' Annu'c be 
Marie Yirgi's & Sc'i Mich'is Arch'i equalr'. Sm'a x's 

Perquis' Gur\ 

De aliquo p'ficuo p'venient' de p'quis Cur' ib'm hoc anno 
mie' hie r' eo q'd null' hmoi' accideb' infra tempus huj^ Compi' 
p' sacrm' dc'i computunt'. Sm' null'. 

Sm'a tol'is On'is cu' Arra'giis, 

cccxlviij'li xix's 

De quibus. 
Feod^ et vad\ 

Idm' comput' in feed' d'ci computunt' collect' redd' & firm' 
supM' p'cipient' liij s iiij'd p' an' sic sibi concess' p' considerac' 
p' d' videl't in allone' h'moi' feed' p' totu' tempus hui' compi' 
liij's iiij'd. R' in feed' Humfridi^ Lloid sen'li cur' om'i t'r' & 
tent' sup'ad' p'cipient' xxvj's viij'd p' an' sic concess' p' sigillu' 
convent' dci' nup' Mon' cui' dat' est scd'o die Octobr anno 
Dni' m^dxxiij'o hend' & tenend' p'dcm' officiu' unacu' food' 
p'dc'o p'fat' Humfrid' & assign' suis durant' vita sua videl't 
in allon'e hmo'i feed xxvi's viij'd. R' in feed' Rob'ti ap Ris^ 

^ Similar in C, D, E, F, G, H, T, K, L ; omitted in M, N. 

2 Same, but abbreviated in c, D, e, f, g, h, i, k, l, m. Koyde 
Menythe, c. Koyd Menithe, D. Sold to Chapman, particulars for 
grants. See extract. 

^ Same in c, D, E, F, G, H, i,"k, l, m, n. Sold to Chapman, par- 
ticulars for grant. See extract. 

* Same in c, d, e, f, g, h, i, K, l, m, n. 

^ Same in c, d, e, f, g, h, i, k, l, m, n. 



I .^.^...^ ... 

I^ftstod' boscor' p'tin' dc'o nup' Mon' p'cipient' viij's p* An' sic 

I^Bbi concess' p' sigilla' convent' dci' nup' Mon' gerent' dat' 

I viij'o die Octobr' Anno Dni' m^dxxviij'o Lend' p'd' feod' p'fat' 

' Rob'to p' se vel deputat' s' a die confeccion' pn'cin' usq^ ad 

t'minu' vite ipi'us Rob'ti sol' ad festu' Sci' Mich'is Arch'i tm' 

in una soluc' vide'lt in all'one b'mo'i feod' p' totu' tern pus huj'r 

compi' viij's. R'in stipend' clico'r audit' scribent' hunc compm' 

ad ij's p' An' p'ut cli'cis Audit' Dni' Regis Ducat' s' Lancastr* 

( alloc' consuet's in sin'glis compi's ministr ibm' vide'lt in allo'ne 

\ hm'oi stipend' scdm' forma' & eflPect' Act' P'liament' sup'ius in 

capita recitat' ij's. Sm'a iiij'li x's. 

Defect' cu' Alloc Redd\ 

Et^ in defect' Redd' j mo'li aquatic' sup'ius on' cu' t'r* domi' 
cal' ad xx's p' An' eo qd' jacuit vacuu' et inoccupat' p' totu' 
tempus huj' compi' p' sacr'um p'd' computn'ut et null' p'dcm' 
Molend' infra idm' tempus conducere voluit'. Et sic in defect' 
Redd' xx's. Et^ in All'oc Redd' uni' p'ci sup'ius on' cu' t'r' 
domi'cal' ad xxx's p' An' eo qd' reman' in man' dni' Regis p' 
feris ib'm' depascend' p' tempus p' dcm'. Et sic in Alloc' Redd' 
xxx's. Sm'a I's. 

Lihac^ den^ oru\ 

Et in den'ijs liba't' Will'mo Stumpe p'ticuler'Rec' Dni' Regis 
ib'm' p' man' p'd' computunt' de exit' officii sui huj Anni ad 
duas vices ut patet p' duas bill' man' dci' Recept' Assign' ac 
int' memor' huj's officii Reman'. Sm'a Ix'li viij's ij'd. 

Sm'a Allocaf et libaf ;p'd' Ixvij'li viij's ijd. 

Et deb't cciiij'^'' j'li x's x'd. De quibus alloc'a ei Ixvj's viij'd 
p' tn't' den' ijs nimis grave on 'at' sup'ius int' Arr' p' pl'itis et 
p'quis' cur' ten tar' in anno xxxij'do Regis Henr' viij'vi. Tamen 
dn's Powys p'stitit Sacr'um. Cora' Cancell' et Consilio cur 
augmen' revene' coron' dni' Regis qd' nullu' tale p'ficiuu' acci- 
debat in p'dc'o An'o. Ideo hie exon'at'a p' mandat' cancellar' 
et consilij cur' p'd' ut sup'a. Et deb't cclxxviij'li iiij's ij'd. 

Sup'a. 

Diu'sos tenent' in villa de Trahelig p' tn't' den'ijs p' ipo's 
Dn'o Regi debit' ad fest' Sci' Mich'is Arch' Anno Regni 
Regis Henr' viij xxxij'do p' redd' et firm' in villa de Trahelig' 

Et— : 



382 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

p'd' & adliuc insolut' vid'elt de arr' suis aretro exisfcen' p' p'dc'o 
anno ix'li iij's vj'd. 

Diu'sos tenent' in villa de Tere Menytli p' tn't' den' p' ip'os 
Dn'o Regi debit' ad p'd' fest' Sci' Mich'is Arch'i in dco' An'o 
xxxij'do p' redd' et firm' in villa de Tere Menytli p'd' & adliuc 
insolut' vid'elt de arr' eor' aretro exist en' p' p'dco Anno. 

xxx'li xvj's iiij'd. 

Joli'em ap Howell Vychan firm' Grang' de Talertheg sup'ius 
on' ad iiijli p' An' vz de Arreragijs s' aretro existen' p' p'dc'o 
Anno xxxij'o. iii'li. 

Kidwellidar ap Eob't firm' Grang' de Penllyn' sup'ius on^ ad 
Ixvj's viij'd p' An' videl't de Arr' suis aretro existen' p' 
p'dc'o An^o xxxij'do. Ixvj's viijM. 

Nich'm Pursell firm' rector de Berio sup'ius on' ad ix'li p\ 
An' vz de Arr' suis aretro existen' t'm' p' an'o xxxij'do q'm p' 
an'o xxviij'o xxix'vo xxx'mo et xxxj'mo. xlv'li. 

Thoma' ap Jeuan Lloid firm' rector' de Bettus supius on' ad 
iiij'li p' an' videl't de Arr'agijs suis aretro existen' p' p'd'co. 
Anno xxxij'do. iiij'li- 

D'd ap Jeuan firm' duaru' Silvaru' voc' Gollegoll et Gode 
Menythe. sup'ius on' ad xvj's viij'd p' An' vz de arr' s' aretro 
existen' t'um p' an'o xxxij'do q'm p* iiij'or An' p'ceden'. 

iiij'li iij's iiij'd. 

Dn'm Powys p' t'nt* den'ijs p' ipm' recept' de redd' et firm' 
sup'a diet' t'm in anno xxxj'mo Regis Henr' viij'vi q'm in 
annis xxviij'o xxix'no et xxx'mo et adhuc insolut' videl't de 
Arr' suis aretro existen' p' p'd annis. 

clxxvij'li xiiij's iiij'd. 

Ip'm comput'unt de p'prijs Arr' suis hoc anno. N'l. 

Ex'd per nos 

Tho. Pope. 
F. Bacon. 



Since the foregoing has been in type we have been 
favoured with the following notes, which we gladly 
take the opportunity of printing. 

David ap Owen, Abbot of Ystrad Marchellj afterwards 
Bishop of St. Asaph. 

The recumbent eflfigy of a bishop in his vestments, 
which stands against the pillar in the north-west corner 
of the south transept, has generally been assigned to 
Bishop David ap Owen, 1503 to 1513, the rebuilder of 



ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 383 



)ie palace, and previous to his elevation to the see, 
bbot of Ystrad Marchell. The " Ichnography of the 
uctthedral church of St. Asaph", prefixed to the original 
edition of Browne Willis's survey of the cathedral church 
of St. Asaph (London, 1720) shows it as standing on 
the south of the communion table, and it is therein 
marked "Bishop David Owen's monument." Browne 

1 1 Willis (in p. 12) says, " On the south side of the high 

' ' altar lies a bishop in his episcopal habit, being the oldest 
tomb in the church . . . whose this monument is we 
have no certain authority, but it is presumed it was 
erected in memory of Bishop David Owen." 

In his will Bishop David ap Owen directs his body 

.| to be buried on the north side of the altar. 

'I On this evidence it was determined to have the illus- 
tration of this monumental e^gj lithographed, as pro- 
bably the only memorial extant of one who was an 
abbot of the Abbey of Ystrad Marchell. We should, 

I however, state that by some the e&igj is considered of 
an earlier date. It has been assigned by the anony- 
mous writer of Murray's Hand Book of North Wales to 
the time of Edward I, 1272 to 1307, and by a higher 
authority, Mr. M. H. Bloxam, F.S.A., to the middle of 
the fourteenth century, to Bishop John Trefor, ]347, 
or Bishop Llewelyn ap Madoc, 1357. I incline to the 
opinion that if it be not the &^gj of Anian II, the re- 
builder of the cathedral after its destruction by the 
soldiers of Edward I, it is that of his successor Llewelyn 
ap Ynyr (Leoline de Bromfield), who re-arranged the 
services, and did so much for its general improvement 
1293-1314. Its position in 1645, as appears from the 
Diary of Richard Symond^, was near the north east 
angle of the choir; "upon the flore, near the north wall, 
at the east end of the quire, lyes the statue of a bishop 
cut in stone ; an arch over his head, a foot above the 

' ground, with mitre and crozier". 

During some alterations in 1780, it is mentioned by 
Browne Willis as "rediscovered and removed from the 
south side of the high altar to one of the pillars in the 



384 ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 

broad aisle", by which we are probably to understand 
its present position. The following full description of 
it by such an authority in these matters as Mr. Bloxam, 
cannot fail to be interesting. 

" The Bishop is represented as attired in the toga talaris^ 
the ancient cassock^ and vested as follows : — On his head is 
worn the Mitre, the face is close shaven, round the neck is 
the Amice, over the cassock is worn the Alb, over which is the 
Stole, the pendant extremities of which are visible ; over the 
stole is worn the Tunic or Dalmatic, which of the two is not 
very plainly apparent ; over this is the Ghesihle, the most im- 
portant of all the vestments^ and without which the most 
sacred office of the Church could not be performed. The feet 
of the Q^gj rest against a dog, the hands and portions of the 
arms are gone, as is also the head of the Pastoral Staff. The 
shaft of the Pastoral Staff is covered with the veil^ and it 
appears to have been held in the left hand. The Maniple 
depends from the left arm. The right hand appears to have 
been upheld in act of benediction ; above the head is an ogee- 
shaped canopy, trefoiled within and crocketted externally, and 
on either side is an angel holding a censor or thurible. The 
effigy is sculptured in high relief" 

However, upon the high authority of Browne Willis, 
it has been deemed allowable to adorn the pages of 
the Montgomeryshire Collections with this e^gj, and to 
treat it, as he did, as the monument of David ap Owen, 
Abbot of Ystrad Marchell, who, after being subse- 
quently Abbot of Conway, was promoted to the see of 
St. Asaph. D. E. T. 

Monaclii de Mochraiadr, 

In the Montgomeryshire Collections iov 1872, p. 109 et 
seq., Mr. H. W. Lloyd has very satisfactorily identified 
the boundaries of the lands sold by Modoc Hethgam 
to the monks of Ystrad Marchell. Almost adjoining 
these lands, and others purchased from Elise ap Madoc, 
or granted by him, in 1183 to the same religious esta- 
blishment, is a place now called Bochraiadr, which 
appears to answer in all particulars to the Mochraiadr 
at which in early times there was a subject cell of that 
same house. 



Ii ABBEY OF YSTRAD MARCHELL. 385 

In an Extent of Merionethshire, transcribed by Mr. 
[orris C. Jones, the Secretary of the Powys-land Club, 
I the Archceologia Camhrensis, 1867, p. 189, we read 
nder the Commote of Penllyn : 
"Decasus quia Eex remisit per cartas suas. De monachls 
xjlQ Mochrader pro procuratione quam facere solebant principi 
per j Tioctem vj li. De eisdem duo puUani de meliori equitio 
f suo pretii xl.s pretium pullani xxs. 

and in a foot-note it is further stated that the '* Monks 
of Ystrad Marchell had a grant of laad from Prince 
|| Gwenwynwyn in Mochraidre".^ Add to this that Boch- 
raiadr stands in the course of the road from Bala to 
Festiniog and Yspytty respectively, and we see a special 
II reason for the condition that "a night's lodging should 
' be provided for the Prince" on his journeys across these 
wild and barren mountains, as well as some ground for 
ll an old tradition which stated there had once been on 
' the heights of the Arenig a sort of Mont St. Bernard 
for the accommodation of travellers across those wild 
regions. Again, in the condition that "two colts of 
their superior breed" should form a portion of their 
annual payments, we trace the connection of this cell 
with the mother establishment and that famous breed 
of horses which Robert de Belesme is said to have 
introduced into Montgomeryshire about the year 1100. 
At the dissolution, all these lands were held under a 
lease by Eobert ap Rhys of Yspytty, chaplain to Cardinal 
Wolsey, in the hands of whose descendant, Mr. Price of 
Rhiwlas, they for the most part remain. Putting these 
different points together, it may, I think, not unreason- 
ably be concluded from them that the"Monachi de 
Mochrader" formed a subject cell of Ystrad Marchell, 
situated at the place now called Bochraiadr in one of 
the many wild passes of Penllyn in Merionethshire. 

D. R. T. 

1 "Mochraidre" is mentioned in the charter of Wennunwen, 
which is set out in the inspeximus charter of Henry VI (see Mont. 
Coll., vol. iv, p. 309) —M. C. J. . 

VOL. VI. C C 



386 ABBEY OF YSTEAD MARCHELL. 

Remains lately discovered of the Ahhey Church. 

In the month of August, 1873, whilst the bam of the 
Bank Farm, Pool Quay, was being taken down, a con- 
siderable number of carved and dressed stones were 
found built in one of the walls with the common stone 
of the district. The Bank Farm belongs to the Earl of 
Powis and is occupied by Mr. Edward Jones, and is 
situated on the turnpike road leading from Welshpool 
to Oswestry, about a mile from the site of Ystrad Mar- 
chell (Strata Marcella) Abbey. There is every reason 
to believe that these stones were removed from the 
Abbey and formed part of the Abbey Church, which, 
as they clearly testify, must have been a Gothic build- 
ing of the early English style. All the carved and 
moulded stones have been laid on one side by Mr. 
Hand, by his lordship's directions, to be sketched and 
reported upon by a gentleman well competent to the 
task, and it is hoped at some future time the result will 
be communicated in the pages of the Montgomeryshire 
Collections. The stones, some seventy or eighty in 
number, and of various forms, are well worthy of inspec- 
tion by members of the club and others interested in 
archieology. 



\ 



387 



HISTORIC SPOTS. 
No. III. 

DOLFORWYN. 



Among the historic spots of Montgomeryshire, the 

Castle of Dolforwyn, or Dorforwyn, occupies a dis- 
tinguished place. It is celebrated in the annals of remote 

mtiquity as a bulwark of Cambrian independence, anci 
[is stni associated with the traditions of legendary lore, 

IS "the Castle of the Virgin's Meadow". The songs of 
(bards have often resounded in its halls, and national 
[poets have illustrated the locality in immortal verse. 
The site of the castle is imposing, and its ruins, 

lI though scanty, impress the beholder with a sense of 
tits former importance. 

" The days of old, though time has reft 

The dazzling splendour which they cast. 
Yet many a remnant still is lefji 

To shadow forth the past. 
The warlike deed, the classic page, 

The lyric torrent, strong and free. 
Are lingering o'er the gloom of age. 

Like moonlight on the sea." 

About half a mile on the Newtown side of Abermule, 
and on the north side of the river Severn, upon the 
summit of a lofty cone-shaped hill of abrupt ascent, the 
ruins of the castle are still visible. From the fragments 
of a tower, and other scanty remains, it appears to have 
been constructed out of the thinly laminated slate of 
the country, like Castell Dinas Bran. On the accessible 
sides of the hill deep trenches are cut through the rock 
for defensive purposes. Different dates are assigned 

C C 2 



388 HISTORIC ^POTS. 

for the building of the castle. Evans in his Dissertatio 
de Bardis says, that it was erected by Bleddyn ap 
Cynfyn, Prince of Powys by inheritance, who acquired 
the kingdoms of North and South Wales, and became 
founder of the third royal tribe of Wales. He is supposed 
to have been assisted by the Saxon King Edward the 
Confessor, in acquiring the. sovereignty of Gwynedd, 
and after a predatory expedition in Herefordshire, 
A.D. 1067, he, and his brave brother Rhiwallon were 
attacked by Maredudd and Ithel, the sons of Prince 
Gruffyd ap Llewelyn, who appeared at the head of a 
formidable army to regain, if possible, the realm of their 
father.^ The rival forces met at Mechain in Powys, and 
after an arduous conflict, in which leaders on both sides, 
Khiwallon and Ithel, were slain, the troops of Mare- 
dudd were defeated and dispersed, and the youthful 
chieftain fled to a mountain recess, of which the passes 
were so closely watched by the pursuers, that the 
vanquished Prince miserably perished of cold and 
hunger. Bleddyn ap Cynfyn became the sole and un- 
disputed sovereign of Wales, He was a man of 
peaceful inclinations, and amiable manners, and deeply 
concerned for the welfare and prosperity of his subjects. 
He is entitled to the lasting gratitude of his country 
for certain beneficial modifications, which he eflfected in 
the laws of Howel Dha, by altering the quantities of 
land assigned to coheirs in the division of a kinsman's 
estate. It is highly probable, that, anticipating ere 
long a collision between his subjects and the recent in- 
vaders of Britain, he erected about a.d. 1069 the strong 
castle of Dolforwyn, in the hope of stemming the surg- 
ing waves of Norman aggression. 

Dugdale, however, places the erection of the castle of 
Dolforwyn at a much later date, stating it was built by 
Davydd ap Llewelyn about the year 1242. The fortress 
was quadrangular, about 50 yards long and 25 wide, 
and strengthened with bastions at the angles. Some 
portions of the walls are yet standing, and are nearly 
^ History of Wales. By Jane Williams, p. 182. 



.HISTOmO SPOTS. 389 

four feet in thickness, and if the debris, which has 
accumulated in the moat, which partly surrounds it, 
were cleared away, probably some interesting discoveries 
might be made. In the valley below, and quite within 
range, is the Meadow of the Virgin, supposed to allude 
to the legendary story of Sabrina. The story is told in 
all sorts of ways. Ours is, that Sabrina was the daughter 
of Locrine, King of Britain. That worthy became 
enamoured of Estrildis, one of three matchless maidens 
he had made captive, after defeating the King of the 
Huns, to whom they belonged. Even in that rough 
and ready age Locrine was obliged to resort to the 
plan so successfully adopted centuries later by Henry 
"the Eighth, before he could obtain possession of the 
maiden's charms ; so without much compunction he 
put away Gwendolen, his lawful spouse, and took to 
his bosom Estrildis. Sabrina was the result. But the 
course of love, whether true or not, does not run smooth; 
Locrine died, and Gwendolen reigned in his stead. 
Then came the opportunity for revenge. Estrildis, and 
her daughter, took refuge at Dolforwyn, whither the 
Queen followed, and had them both drowned in the river 
Hafren flowing before the house, which from that day 
was called Sabrina, until the name was corrupted into 
Severn. As though to increase the illusion of the tale, 
a jutting rock in the bed of the Severn appears to sug- 
gest the memorable spot, from which the ill-fated virgin 
was consigned to the deep waters of the eddying stream. 
Sabrina became a Water Baby, and for many years 
seems to have really been a very useful maiden in the 
.district, for it is said, and was believed, that she roamed on 
the fertile meadows along the river banks every evening, 
healing the mischiefs caused to the earth by those 
troublesome spirits that dealt in elfish magic. She also 
protected damsels in distress, and delivered from 
positions of peril her fellow virgins, among whom, ac- 
cording to Milton, was Lady Alice Egerton, daughter 
of the Earl of Bridgwater, the enthralled Lady of 
Comus, whom Sabrina liberated, having thus accosted : 



390 HISTORIC SPOTS, 

" Brightest lady, look on me. 
Thus I sprinkle on thy breast 
Drops, that from my fountain pure 
I have kept of precious cure ; 
Thrice upon thy finger's tip. 
Thrice upon thy rubied lip." 

Drayton, in the sixth song of his Poly-Olbion, narrates the 
pitiful tale of the drowning of Sabrina and her mother ; 
and Dyer points out the Maiden's Meadow, as emphati- 
cally the spot, where the truculent deed was perpetrated. 
" From Wrekin's brow to rocky Dolforwyn, 
Sabrina's early baunt, ere yet she fled 
The search of Gwendolen, her stepdame proved. 
With envious hate enraged." 

Fletcher, too, in a mournful dirge deplores the hard 
fate of the Virgin Sabrina, which has become an attrac- 
tive theme for mythical tales of the poets. 

The circumstances and date of the downfall of Dol- 
forwyn are recorded. Llewelyn ap Griffith had renewed 
his forays along the marches, and Edward I summoned 
the whole force of England to Worcester, June 1277, 
and divided it into three parts. A corps under the Earl 
of Lincoln and Roger Mortimer besieged, reduced, and 
destroyed Dolforwyn Castle. (Pearson's History of 
England y vol. i, 321.) 

The fortresses of Montgomeryshire have fallen before 
the casualties of events, and the ravages of time ; and 
the haze of uncertainty broods over the date and the 
exploits of the Castell Dolforwyn. But the antiquated 
ruins continue memorials of a dynasty long passed 
away ; the charm of Nature lingers unimpaired by the 
lapse of ages, and the Severn flows onward in its wind- 
ing course as calmly in the peaceful reign of Queen 
Victoria, as when the stalwart sons of Powys-land, con- 
fident in their valour, and proud of their national 
liberties, rallied round their native chieftains within the 
massive walls of "the Castle of the Virgin's Meadow." 

The present proprietor of the dismantled fort is the 
Reverend John Lloyd, who purchased the romantic 
locality from the Earl of Powis, and has built a mansion 
in the neighbourhood. G. S. 



391 



HISTORY OF 
THE PARISH OF LLANWDDYN. 

By the Rev. THOMAS HENRY EVANS, the Vicae. 



I. — PHYSICAL FEATURES AND DESCRIPTION. 

1. Name of the Parish vnth its derivation. — The 
name is composed of the generic word Llan prefixed to 
that of Wddyn. This is an instance of a very common 
occurrence in the names of villages in Wales, and on 
the borders of England. We are told that there are 
no less than five hundred names within the British 
Isles compounded with this word. Its meaning is a 
clean, jpretty, and lovely spot, appropriated to some 
particular use, either surrounded with walls, or hedged 
in by trees ; for instance, Per-llan (Orchard), Gwin-llan 
(Vineyard), and taken in Wales typically for the 
Church, hence the Churchyard is called Mynwent-y- 
Llan; but we find it rather a generic than a specific 
term. This word is probably of the same meaning as 
the Irish word Kil^ in Kilkenny in Ireland, Cilcennin 
and Ciliauaeron in Wales, for in all the words that 
have the term Kil prefixed, the Welsh word Llan is 
omitted. This appellation is not altogether inappro- 
priate and cannot be offensive to any one, for we know 
that the churches in modern Wales have invariably 
been built in the loveliest spots to be found. The 
church built, the term Llan would be prefixed, it may 
be to the name of one of the saints, or the one that 
Ijuilt the edifice, or occasionally to the name of a well- 

1 Vide Arch. Camh.y 1850, p. 17. 



392 HISTORY OF 

known river, or any other thing famous or prominent in 
the neighbourhood ; for instance, Llan-Dewi (St. David's 
Church), Llan -Daniel-fab, Llan-Daf, Llan-aber, and 
Llan-uwchllyn, — hence our explanation of Llanwddyn, 
meaning the Church of Wddyn. Wddyn, according to 
tradition, was an anchorite or holy recluse, living in 
seclusion and retirement from the world for his soul's 
health in a cell among the rocks near this place, some- 
time during the sixth century ; for Llwybr-wddyn 
(Wddyn's path) whence he went to visit St. Monacella, 
whose cell was at Pennant Melangell (St. Monacella) 
on the other side of the mountain, five miles distant, is 
still known- and pointed out by the old inhabitants. 
St. Monacella lived in the sixth century (Rees's Welsh 
Saints, p. 269). There is another version of the tradi- 
tion, describing him as a giant, great in stature and of 
fabulous strength. But this latter version might have 
originated from a secondary meaning given to the word 
"Cawr" (giant) in Wales, for it has been applied to an 
individual that excelled and distinguished himself in 
any pursuit, whether intellectually or physically. 

2. Position and houndaries of the parish with its 
divisions. — In the ancient division of Wales this parish 
formed a portion of the "barony of Powys, or the lord- 
ship of Uwchrhaiadr in Powys Wenwynwyn, Cwmmwd 
Mechain yn Mochnant,^ and in modern times it is in the 
upper division of the hundred of Llanfyllin in the 
county of Montgomery, being twelve miles (W. by N.) 
from the town of Llanfyllin, and about the same 

^ In the ancient division of Wales, made in the time of Prince 
Llewelyn (Llewelyn ap Gruff.), Powys Wenwynwyn contained the 
following hundreds and commotes : — 

HUNDREDS. COMMOTES. 

1. Vyrnwy, comprising Mochnant uwch Rhaiadyr, Mechain Iscoed, 

and Llanerch Hudol. 

2. Ystrad „ Deuddwr, Gorddwr Isaf, and Ystrad Mar- 

chell. 

3. Llyswynav „ Caer Einion, and Mechain Uwch Coed. 

4. Cede wain ,, Cynau, Cyveiliog, and Mawddwy. 

Myf. Arch., p. 736. 



PARISH OF LLANWDDYN. 393 

[istance (S.E.) from Bala, Merionethshire. The parish 
partly within its own manor, called the "Manor of 
It. John,"^ and ecclesiastically it is within the diocese 
)f St. Asaph, the Archdeaconry of Montgomery, and the 
~.ural Deanery of Llanfyllin. 

The boundaries, at the present day, are the following 
)arishes: — North, Llanfor; north-west, Llaniiwchllyn -^ 
id west, Llan-y-mawddwy, all in the county of Me- 
rioneth ; south-west, the ecclesiastical parish of Garth- 
>eibio ; south, Llangadfan ; south-east, Llanrhaiadr, 
md Llanfihangel ; east, Hirnant ; and north and north- 
east. Pennant Melangell. The latter has one of its 
iownships called Dyffrwyd or Dwyffrwd, running quite 
ito the heart of our parish, separating Marchnad 
md Tre'r llan, two of its townships ; its bound- 
try, as also the north-eastern side of the parish of 
[pennant is set forth in the Parish Register of Pennant 
[as follows, — 

May 23rd, 1723. Memorandum that upon the day and 
[year above written, the mears and boundaries between the 
[parish of Llanwothyn and Pennant were walked and inspected 
[by the persons hereunder named, and by the direction of 
"""homas David Humphrey of Pennant, David Ellis and Robert 
John Cadwalader of Llanwothyn, found as foUoweth : Imprimis 
begun at Nant-y-noddfa, and from thence to Croes-y-Garreg, 
from thence to Ochr Nant-y-Baedd, from thence to Blaen-y- 
rhydhecochion_, from thence to Brynyfedw, from thence to 
Ffynon oddiar, Llidiart leutun, from thence to a Mear Stone 
in Rhos Wen, from thence to Nantysbytty, from thence to the 
river Ferny w in straight line. The persons present in com- 
pany; John Jones, Vicar of Pennant, Morris Evans, Clerk 

y The Earl of Powis is Lord of the " Manor of St. John." Sir 
Watkin W. Wynn, Bart, M.P., and Sir Edmund Buckley, Bart., 
M.P., claim manorial rights over an ancient traditional manor 
carved out of the others, and called " Ffridd wyth Afon." 

^ It appears from old maps, showing the manorial rights of the 
Earl of Powis, that the parish of Llangower formerly abutted on 
Llanwddyn in or near Moel Cerrig Geifr, but it does not so abut in 
the present day, nor for the last sixty years, when there was a law- 
suit to settle the boundaries of these and other parishes in Merion- 
ethshire, and the verdict was given against Llanwddyn. 



394 



HISTORY OF THE 



of Llanwddyn, Robert Evans, John Rhydderch, George Bur- 
redge, Evan Roberts, Cadwaladr Roberts, John Evans, Thomas 
David, Griffith David, Robert Rowland, Thomas Robert, David 
Edward, David Robert, 

3. The area of the parish is 19,500 statute acres, 
divided into five townships, Tre'llan, Ysbytty, Rhiwar- 
gor, Marchnad, and Garthbwlch, — and the acreage as 
given in the Tithe Award is divided thus : 

1,000 Acres of cultivated land subject to Tithe. 
4,500 „ Meadow and pasture. 
400 „ Woodland. 
13,600 „ Common land subject to Tithe. 



19,500 



The whole quantity of land rated to the poor at the 
present time, and in the year 1831, together with the 
gross rental and rateable value of each township in the 
years 1873 and 1331, is shown in the following table : — 





Estimated 
extent. 


1873. 
Gross 
rental. 


1873. 

Rateable 

value. 


1831. 
Gross 
rental. 


1831. 
Rateable 
value. 


Township of 
Rhiwargor 
Marchnad 
Tre 'r Han ... 
Ysbytty 
Garthbwlch ... 


a. r. p. 

2405 2 6 
793 1 24 
432 26 

1736 21 
684 2 32 


£ s. d 

696 
382 5 
519 5 
4<>7 
263 15 


& «. d. 
627 15 
294 5 
440 17 
367 7 
236 2 


£ 8. d 
698 
297 5 
320 U 
424 15 
217 


j6 ». d. 
232 13 4 

99 1 8 
106 13 4 
141 11 8 

72 6 8 


Total 


6057 3 29 


2268 5 


1966 6 (1 


1957 


652 6 8 



The following list of farms is extracted from the 
Valuation and ilate books 1873, with their estimated 
extent, gross rental, and rateable value ; their owners' 
names and the present occupiers. Columns 6 and 7 
show the rateable value of such farms in the years 1824 
and 1831. 



PARISH OF LLANWDDYN. 



395 



1 o 


Thomas Jones 
Mary Erasmus 
W. Williams and 


Ed. Davies. 
Richard Pugh 
Ellis Edwards 
Edward Hughes 
Evan Richards 
Mary Erasmus 
Edward Davies 
John Roberts 
David Daviea 


John Lloyd 
John Gittins 
Evan Hughes 
Thomas Jones 
Thos. Williams 
C. and H. Lloyd 
Elizabeth Owens 
M. Roberts 
Griffith Evans 
W. Williams 
Evan Jones 
R. Hughes 
R. Hughes 
Edward Thomas 
John Evans 
R. V. Jones 


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396 



HISTORY OF THE 



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Evan Evans 
Evan Edwards 
Thomas Jones 
Ellis Davies 
T. Humphreys 
T. Jervis 


Edward Gittina 
Thomas Gittins 
Elizabeth Jones 
Ellis Edwards 
Ellis Edwards 
John Davies 



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PARISH OF LLANWDDYN. 397 

In the old assessments of 1824 and 1831 there are 
no less than thirty small tenements rated to the poor^ 
and varying from £1 to £11^ which do not appear in 
the l-ate-book of late years, but have been merged or 
included in the several occupations now in the rate- 
book by changing occupiers or owners. The total 
rateable value of the parish in the year 1824 was only 
£580, in the year 1881, £652 6s. 8d. ; last year and 
this it has been increased to £1966 6s. Od. which is 
more by £9 6s. Od. than the gross rental of the whole 
parish in the year 1831. 

In an old vestry book kept by the clerk in the 
parish church about the commencement of the present - 
century, three very curious tables appear, for the com- 
puting of the rates payable on the several townships 
within the parishes. Table No. 1, showing from one 
farthing to one shilling in the pound how much the 
rate comes to throughout the year. No. 2, for the 
Ehiwargor, Marchnad, and Garthbwlch. No. 3, for 
Tre'rllan and Ysbytty otherwise called Ysbytty and 
Cowny. The latter name, that of Cowny, is often 
quoted in the old registers as behig a separate town- 
ship from Ysbytty, and we can only account for it thus, 
that possibly as the farms and tenements in the im- 
mediate neighbourhood of St. John's Hill, upon which 
the old Hospitium once stood, which, doubtless, is the 
origin of the name of that township, are on this side of 
the hill and in the vale of Llanwddyn, while the other 
farms that are called Cowny township are on the other 
side of the hill, and in the little valley of the Cowny 
river. 

4. Scenery. — We cannot describe the scenery in 
better language than it has been done by the pen of an 
able writer who lately visited this parish.^ "At Aber- 
marchnant the vale has the character of a pass, and is 
very contracted, in some places not more than a couple 
of chains length across, the hills on either side are 
pretty and well wooded. Near Cynonisaf it expands 
1 Mr. T. W. Hancock, Llanrhaiadr. 



398 HISTORY OF THE 

where a broad flat opens to view, which is bounded by 
the mountains of Eunant and Rhiwargor. The average 
width of the vale may be about three-quarters of a mile, 
and its extent about six miles. The flatness from the 
village to Eunant, to an eye untrained in observing 
natural beauties, would be uninteresting, on account of 
the morass like nature of the ground, which is also broken 
up by many channels. But the tourist will be more than 
compensated when he enters the inlet of Rhiwargor, 
for here the scenery is at once changed as if by a magi- 
cian's wand, and he is in the midst of scenery grand in 
point of colour, boldness, and breadth, and picturesque 
by its roughness and contrast of foliage and rock, 
cascade, etc. The scenery is unquestionably good, 
partaking fully of the character of the famed scenery 
of Bettwsycoed in Carnarvonshire, and the district 
can (without being challenged) properly be called 
the Bettwsycoed of Montgomeryshire. The cascade 
o{ Rliydy-meinciau on the river Iddew-fawr and Iddew- 
fach, seen in the opening as approaching Bhiwargor 
mansion, is notable, as are also * Nant-Uwynyn,' and 
* Ceunant Moel Nant,' two cascades observable flowing 
down like a chain of pearls. The beautiful veins of 
quartz, like string-courses, are remarkable in Allty- 
gribin." The scenery is not entirely confined to the 
upper end of the parish, for in standing on the north- 
east of St. John's Hill and looking north, we find the 
beautiful little valley of Cedig, with all its variety of 
objects, spread before us, the hills on each side covered 
over with heather, and divided into kind of semicircles 
by the green dingles and all the bright rivulets that 
pass along them, and nowhere can the eye be tired with 
sameness. 

5. Geology. — The soil within the vale or the flat for 
the most part is argillous, while on the side there is a 
good depth of free working soil resting on a gravelly 
substratum. The general depth of the upper soil in the 
vale is about two feet, while the floor is wholly alluvial. 
About one-third of the vale is kept under water for the 



PARISH OF LLANWDDYN. 399 



Imnter montlis for want of proper drainage, and is 
thereby rendered useless for all agricultural purposes, 
growing nothing but rushes and masses of alder groves. 
One cannot but hope that this large tract of level land, 
which, if properly drained, might be made the most 
fertile and picturesque in this part of the country, 
will, ere long, receive the attention of the owners, 
the Earl of Powis, and Sir Edmund Buckley, Bart., 
M.P. The strata underlying the soil of the parish 
embrace both the upper and lower Silurian develop- 
ments. *' That part of the basin whereon lie Ysbytty and 
Bhiwargor townships, rests on the upper Silurian in its 
character of Denbighshire grit, having a marginal bed 
between it and the lower Silurian, of Wenlock shale and 
''Faranon or pale shale, which occupy the south side of 
the valley along the slope as far as Heoly-ffridd, when 
it may be again seen on the north side of the lands of 
Ffinnant, Tymawr, and Llechwedd, and occupying the 
whole slope along the western side of the Cedig river. 
On the lands of Bryngwyn and Lletty r Eos a fault 
may be seen, having the direction or bearing of east by 
north. The townships Garthbwlch and Tre'rllan rest 
in the lower Silurian strata, across which on the lands 
of Bryn Melyn to the east of the farm house it is crossed 
by a narrow bed of Bala limestone, running in a northerly 
direction across the valley. On Cynonisa hill are beds 
of felspathic ash, broken by a fault of about half a 
mile in extent above Cynon farm in a south east direc- 
tion. In the lower part of the township of Marchnad, 
west of the township road and nearly parallel there- 
with, is a narrow bed of Bala limestone situate on the 
lands of Aber-Marchnant and Gwreiddie. A fault some- 
what more than a mile in extent, runs across Bryngwyn- 
bach and the Cedig stream up to the public road a little 
above PwUybrwyn." 

From time to time several attempts have been made 
to discover lead ore on Cynonisa mountain, above 
Llettyr 'Eos and Llwynyrhiw, but with no degree of 
success. At the former works an enormous quantity of 



400 HISTORY OF t5:e 

sulphur is found all over the lode, running in veins of 
two or three inches thick up to the surface. Probably 
if a scientific miner examined these works and made a 
general survey of the neighbouring rocks, the contents 
of the lode might be partly ascertained at proper 
depths of the workings, but hitherto it has been left in 
the hands of non-capitalists, and therefore has never been 
brought to an intelligible form. Above Heolylfridd 
farm-stead are remains of Boman workings and a 
quantity of scoriae is to be found. 

A German named Hennings, who superintended the 
Earl of Powis's works at Llangynog, was induced, 
through superstitious tradition, to spend about £100 
at a spot called '^Gwelywddyn," in a bootless search 
for immense hidden treasures said to lie concealed in 
Wddyn s bed. 

Several slate quarries have been opened in the upper 
end of the parish in years gone by, but for want of 
funds have been abandoned. The one at Lluestwen 
was opened in 1830, and discontinued without return- 
ing much profit to the investors. Khiwargor, Gallt- 
forgan, and Eunant have also been discontinued. The 
last, between Eunant and Cwm Eunant, is now worked 
at the sole cost of the present proprietor, Sir Edmund 
Buckley, Bart.. The slate is the " dark clay," but 
cleaved with a shaley vein, giving way when exposed 
to the weather for some years. This fault, it is now 
hoped, will disappear at proper depths, and we are 
glad to say that the quality of the slate already 
appears wonderfully improved. 

There is some fine stone for building purposes to be 
found above Bhiwargor, which bears dressing. 

6. Rivers and Brooks. — It is not often we can meet 
with a parish in England or Wales having so great a 
number of streams originating and terminating within 
its own boundaries as Llan wddyn. But it has one main 
river into which all the others flow, the correct name of 
which is difiicult to make "out, unless we take for our 
authority the parishioners living in the district through 



I 



PARISH OF LLANWDDYN. 401 

which it flows. The commonest name known in the 
vernacular in the district is " Afon " and " Afon Llan- 
wddyn" ; and if the inhabitants be questioned as to its 
real name they will have it to be the " Vyrnwy proper," 
for that is the name given to it in old maps and documents 
having reference to this neighbourhood many centuries 
ago. In an old document dated a.d. 1204, being a grant 
made by Gwenwynwyn Prince of Powys, of a portion 
of the lordships of Mochnant-uwchrhaiadr to the monks 
of the Cistercian Abbey at Strata Marcella, the river is 
called by both names, that of Vyrnwy and Llanwddyn. 
" In breadth from Keneuron to the river which is called 
Evernoe and Llanwothin." {Cambrian Qaarterly, vol. 
i, p. 328.) 

' The Keneuron or Cynorion is a brook in the parish 
of Llanrhaiadr-yn-Mochnant to the north-east of Llan- 
wddyn, and this indicates that the grant of pasturage 
to the monks would include the townships of Marchnad- 
isa in the parish of Llanrhaiadr, and Marchnaducha 
in the parish of Llanwddyn. 

The river has also been called the Mechain} and 
Traval^ but always in this parish and the neighbour- 
hood, " Afon" or "Afon Llanwddyn " (Llanwddyn river) 
in the vernacular, and when Englished it is called the 
Vyrnwy,^ and henceforth we shall only make use of the 
name that is popularly known in the district. This 
distinct name is given to it first between Heolyffridd and 
Tymawr after it has received the last of its principal 

^ The author of the " History of Llansantffraid," in M.onL GoU.^ 
Vol. iv, p. 82, quotes a poet who calls this river Mechain. 

" T' ucha 'r Rhiwargor mewn ochr Mae Mechen, 
A'i fFrwd yn ddaoeraidd yii fFrydio 'r ddaiaren." 
[Above Rhiwargor's steep, Mechen's cooling stream bursts forth.] 

2 " Y drefwen rhwng Tren a Traval." — Llywarch Hen. 

3 The eminent historian, the Rev. Walter Davies, in vol. iii, pp. 
106, 107 of his works, handles this well, and has apparently settled 
the question, that we prefer not introducing any further proofs of 
this river being called Vyrnwy or the Northern Vyrnwy, but shall 
be satisfied with the common name of " Afon Llanwddyn" (Llan- 
wddyn River). 

VOL. VI. D D 



402 HISTORY OF THE 

sources. These streams are eight m number, called 
Hirddydd facli and Hirddydd faior, Eunant fach and 
Eunant fawr, Iddew fawr and Iddew fach, Nadroedd 
fawr and Nadroedd fach. The foregoing eight streams 
encompass a large tract of land called and known by the 
name of " Ffridd wyth afon/' the boundary of which was 
the course of the Hirddydd fach on the south-east, and 
Nadroedd fach on the north-west, and from north-west 
to south-east the tracings of the old boundary fence is 
yet to be seen ; the manor below which, and between 
the two rivers, is traditionally believed to belong to the 
manorial rights of Llanrhaiadr, and is at present the 
property of Sir Edmund Buckley, Bart., the proprietor 
of Bhiwargor and Eunant estates. I 

The sources of the Llanwddyn river on the right sioo 
of the valley are the Hirddydd fach and Hirddydd fawr, 
Eunant fach and Eunant fawr. This last rises above .' 
the famous pass of Bwlch y groes, and on the terminus 
of Llanymawddwy, Llanuwchllyn, and Llanwddyn 
parishes. The water also divides at the same spot into 
three streamlets into the three diflPerent districts, Iddew 
fawr and Iddew fach^ from Bwlch y Pawl and Craig 
yr Ogof, Nadroedd fawr and Nadroedd fach. The* ; 
" Nadroedd fawr " flows from between the Foelgarnedd 
and Pant y pren, the " Nadroedd fach" from Foelgeifr. 
These two, after their junction above Fedw-ddu, receive 
Nant llwynto from Bryn fawnog and Boncyntrafaeliau, 
and Afon Trafaeliau from Buthin. These two last, after 
their union, are called Nant cwm lloi, they join the two | 
Nadroedd near Fed w-ddu-Nant y galen, and Ceunant du ' 
from yr Eithin and Waenfawr to the Nadroedd by 
Afon Andros, and also Nant sebon. The tributaries 
to the Llanwddyn river in its further progress are on 
the left hand Ceunant Moel Nant, Nant y garneddwen. 
The Cedig (which flows from the Berwyn hills); this 

1 Called thus from the fact of there being a quantity of ground 
ivy growing on its banks. The epithets, "fach and mawr," (small 
and great) are now reversed, for the very reason that these and the 
two succeeding ones are the principal streams, and bear their names 
till after the junction of the others. 



PARISH OF LLANWDDYN. 403 

has a very numerous family of affluents, each one bear- 
ing a distinct name ; they are Nant cerrig geifr, Nant 
pant llidiart, Nant rhydyrhydd, Nant Maesgwyn, Nant 
y Murddyn Ilwyd, Nant y griolen, Ceunant croes, Nant 
y lidil, Nant y ifosgoch, Nant cyrnau nod, Nant y 
frithgraigwen, Nant y fuwchfoel, Nant cerrig y moch, 
Nant y criafol alias Nant y diafol, Nantblaenycaeau, 
Nant y noddfa, Nant yr iar, and Nant y ffridd. Cynon 
river, Nant lachar, Abermarchnant, receiving the 
Glascwm and Nant Einion. 

The tributaries on the right bank are Ceunant du, 
Ceunant pistyll, Ceunant croes, Afon Cowney, receiving 
Nant y ddwy worn called also Nant y ceunant du, from 
St. John's hill, Nant Brynadda, Nant Maescarneddau, 
and Cry gn ant, all rising in St. John's hill. Besides the 
above, the number of streamlets issuing from inde- 
pendent springs, and having deep channels, are exceed- 
ingly numerous, and each one bearing a distinct local 
name. They are all rapid streams, having, on their 
short and steep courses, always a good supply of water 
in their beds. 

Wells. — ''Ffynonpwllyrhwch" otherwise " Ffynonpwll 
y wrach," and Ffynon y myneich " on St. John's hill, 
the last near the old Hospitium, " Ffynon Dwgan". 

7. Natural loroductions of the Parish and-its fame. — ■ 
The agricultural produce of the parish must be but 
scanty, for upwards of £1,000 is paid annually by the 
inhabitants through the various provision dealers for 
flour only, imported from the market town of Llanfyllin 
and its neighbourhood. Barley and oats are the grains 
chiefly grown, together with a small quantity of wheat 
on the larger. farms, as well as potatoes, swedes, and 
turnips for their own consumption. A good deal more 
of the land was under' cultivation some centuries ago; 
and within the memory of the present generation, it is 
said to have been a notvery uncommon occurrence to meet 
a farmer from the parish in the market, offering, it 
might be, fifty bags of oats, or thirty of barley, which 

D D 2 



404 HISTORY OF THE 

could not possibly be done at the present time. The 
farmers give twofold reasons for this change. 

a. That the season for ripening and harvesting white 
crops must always be late, short, and uncertain, while 
grazing is found to be far less expensive. 

h. That they save all the cartage of lime, and dispense 
with a vast deal of manual labour, which, in the present 
day, is absolutely impossible to obtain. But possibly 
the nature of the soil, combined with the climate, makes 
it quite as favourable for grazing, if not more so than 
for cultivation. 

Birds. — Those that we have noticed, are the follow- 
ing : — The kite, sparrow hawk, barn owl, the little 
brown owl, raven, crow, rook, jackdaw, magpie, ring 
dove or wood pigeon, water owzel, peewit, snipe, wild 
duck, ph(^asant, the red grouse, the partridge, common 
thrush, blackbird, sparrow, robin, wren, skylark, wood- 
lark, and the finches, etc., etc. 

Fish. — Trout and chubs are the most frequent, and 
occasionally a salmon has been observed and taken here. 
It is not often pikes and salmon can ascend so high up 
on account of the numerous weirs on the river. 

Fame. — This parish has been for many years famous 
for its fine breed of the hardy Welsh sheep, of a larger 
size than is usually found in the uplands of Montgomery- 
shire. The sheep-walks of the larger farms are very 
extensive ; those of Ehiwargor, Eunant, Galltforgan, 
and Cedig, having, upon an average, more than 2,000 
sheep each. Some of the old Montgomeryshire pure 
breed of the black (smoky faced) horned cattle may be 
found here also. 



II. — POPULATION. 



The village is the small centre of the population ; it 
is situated on the northern side of the vale, about the 
centre of the parish, in the township of Tre r llan, and 
contains thirty-six inhabited houses. The population, 
according to the census returns, stood as follows : 



1 



4 



PARISH OF LLANWDDYN. 



405 



Years. 


1801 


1811 


1821 


1831 


1841 


1851 


1861 

273 

256 
529 


1871 


Males .... 
Females . 

Total . . 


127 
116 
243 


241 

227 
468 


272 
258 
530 


399 
269 
668 


303 
290 
593 


279 
241 
520 


230 
213 
443 



The following table shows the number of houses in- 
habited and uninhabited at the time of the census re- 
turns : 



1831 


1831 


1831 


1841 


1841 


1841 


1851 


1851 


1851 


1661 


1861 


1861 


1871 


1871 


1871 


Inha- 
bited 


Unin- 
habited 


Build- 
ing. 


Inha- 
bited 


Unin- 
habited 

4 


Build- 
ii'g. 


Inha 
biied. 


Unin- 
habited 


Build- 
ing. 


[.lh8- 

bited 


Unin- 
habited 


Build 
ing. 


Inha- 
bited 


Unin- 
habited 


Build- 
ing. 


109 


5 


1 


127 


•• 


110 


4 


•• 


111 


7 




99 


7 


1 



The principal ancient houses are Eunant, Rhiwargor, 
Gallt-forgan, and Cynonisa ; these were occupied for 
generations by gentlemen having long pedigrees and 
high standing. The inhabitants are wholly of the 
agricultural and pastoral class, with the exception of 
the essentially necessary tradesmen connected with a 
country district. 

Age of Old Folk — "We find in this parish remarkable 
instances of longevity. About two years ago there were 
no less than 21 persons over 75 years of age within sound 
of the church bell, varying in their ages from 75 to 
102, and last year 13 were buried, making an average 
of 82 years, or the total of 1,066. In the churchyard 
is to be seen an old tombstone of Lewis Evans of 
Llechwedd-du, who died March 17th, 1784, 113 years 
of age ; the same stone notes the death of his wife at 
the age of 96 years. The parish register records the 
death of Mary Rowland, widow, August 18th, 1787, at 
the age of 101, and 18 entries of 90 and upwards; 
121 of 80 years of age and upwards, 'i he oldest inha- 
bitant in the parish was buried last year at Dolgelley; 
his reputed age was 104, and we are satisfied, from the 
account given by his friends, that he must have been over 
1 00 years at the least. His name was Shon Owain (John 
Owen), a native of Llanfachreth in Merionethshire, and 



406 THE PARISH OF LLANWDDYN. 

he had Hved for some years in this parish as a lodger 
with the farmer at Cwm Eunant. We often had the 
pleasure of conversing with the old man during the last 
year of his life, and his memory appeared to be very 
bright. He more than once stated that he never in his 
life earned more than 2s. 6d. in one day, and his wealth 
at the time of his death was something like £2,000, all 
laid out to good advantage. The oldest inhabitant now 
living is Mrs. Hughes of Hoel y ffridd, who is 93 years 
old, in good health, and having all her mental faculties 
about her, but has lost her eyesight about two years ago. 
There are several now living between 80 and 90 years 
following their occupation. The old butcher and carrier 
to Llanfyllin, Ellis Morris, although above 80 years of 
age, regularly follows the horse and cart through all 
weathers; he seldom if ever has had a day's illness, and 
boasts that the only medicine he ever took was a pint or 
two of home-brewed ale, spiced and warmed. The prin- 
cipal diet of all the old people consists of mutton broth, 
porridge, gruel and milk, and they will not have the 
simple diet of their fathers spoiled for the dainties of 
life now common among us. 

The agriculture of the parish is as forward as any of 
the neighbouring parishes. The modern kind of imple- 
ments are adopted by the large farmers. Their general 
custom and routine of cropping is as follows — grass 
land ploughed down, 1, oats ; 2, oats ; 3, potatoes and 
turnips ; 4, wheat ; 5, barley and rye grass. 

The first person known to have introduced a system- 
atic method of draining here was Lewis Jones, Esq., of 
Cynonisa, in the years 1794 and 1795. 

In its excellent sheep walks we might say that the 
wealth of this parish consists, and they always receive 
the best attention of the tenant. 

The fuel of the district is turf, which is obtained 
for harvesting it and the carriage down from the large 
turbaries on the mountain about a mile and a half from 
the village. Most of the farmers and cottagers use 
little else. 

{To be continued.) 



t 




PROCESSIONAL CROSS, 

Probably of tlie x\th Century ^ 
FOUND IN aUILSFIELD CHXTRCH7ABD. 

1873. 

( MOhfT COLL-VOLVI.P.A-Ol.) 



407 



PEOCESSIONAL CEOSS 

FOUND IN GUILSFIELD CHURCHYARD. 



In April, 1873, whilst a grave was being dug in the 
west side of the churchyard of the parish of Guilsfield, 
a very interesting relic was brought to light. At the 
depth of about a foot below the surface a cross was 
found. It is composed of brass, and bears signs of 
having been gilt. It is of the elegant shape of a C7'oss 
fleury, the top and each arm of the cross ending in a 
fleur-de-lis, and the surface being chased with some rude 
but not inelegant designs. On one side is a represent- 
ation of the crucifixion : the feet are placed one over 
the other, so that one nail would pierce both feet ; 
from this circumstance, it is thought that the cross is 
of the period of the fourteenth century, when it was 
usual so to represent the feet of our Saviour when 
hanging on the cross. The ends of the fleur-de-lis and 
the reverse side of the cross are chased with a simple 
floral design. 

The cross is four inches and three-quarters in height, 
exclusive of the screw (one and one-eighth inches long) 
with which it was evidently affixed to the top of the 
staff* or pole ; the breadth from the extremity of one 
arm of the cross to the other is three inches and three- 
eighths. It is one-sixteenth of an inch thick. The 
engraving represents it in its full size, and the reverse 
of the centre and one arm is separately figured, and 



408 PROCESSIONAL CROSS. 

gives a correct idea of the ornamentation of that side 
of the cross. 

It is generally thought to be a cross which has been 
used in ecclesiastical processions in pre-reformation 
times. 



I 



409 



HfiRBERTTANA.^ 



Before proceeding to the Lords Herbert of Chirbury, 
we think a notice of the parents of the first Lord of that 
line will be appropriate. 

RiCHAED Herbert, Esq. 

Richard Herbert, Esq., of Montgomery Castle, son of 
Edward, Sheriff of the County in a.d. 1557,*^ was a 
worthy scion of the distinguished race from which he 
sprang. He was the first of his family to connect the 
house of Herbert with the princely line of Powys, by 
marrying Magdalene Newport, daughter of Sir Richard 
Newport of High Ercall, co. Salop, a descendant of 
Wenwynwyn, prince of Upper Powys, and representa- 
tive of his younger grandson, William ap Griffith, Lord 
of Mawddy and Caer-Einion, who, on the death of his 
uncle, Madoc Goch ap Wenwynwyn, without male 
issue, became heir to his titles and domains.^ He was 
conspicuous for his physical advantages and mental 
endowments. He was black-haired and bearded, of a 
manly or somewhat stern look, but withal very hand- 
some and compact in his limbs. His reputation for 
courage, judgment, hospitality, and benevolence is trans- 
mitted in the laudatory pages of his eldest son's auto- 
biography, and of Isaac Walton, and his memory remains 
ever green in the church, which he used to attend, from 
the elaborate monument of himself and his family, in 
the Lymore chancel of Montgomery church, of which 

^ Continued from supra^ p. 206. 

2 Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 365. 

3 Burke's Landed Gentry, vol. i, p 605, "Hughes of Gwerclas." 



410 HERBERTIANA. 

we are enabled to give an engraving, and wliicli has 
been thus described : — 

" In the south transept, or Lymore chancel^ which is sepa- 
rated from the church by two finely-pointed arches, is a 
splendid monument to the memory of Richard Herbert, Esq., 
and Magdalene his wife, in which are the recumbent effigies 
of the former in complete armour, and of the latter by his side 
on an altar tomb, in the front of which are representations of 
their seven sons and three daughters in a kneeling posture, 
and under the tomb is the figure of Richard, wrapt in his 
winding sheet/^ 

The following inscription is placed upon his monu- 
ment. 

" Here lyeth the Body of Richard Herbert, Esquire, whoso 
Monument was made at the Cost of Magdalen his wife, daughter 
of Sir Richard Newport, of High Ercall, in the County of 
Salop, Knight, deceased, and Dame Margaret his wife, daughter 
and Sole heir to Sir Thomas Bromley, Knight, late Lord Chief 
Justice of England, one of the Executors of the late Kinge of 
most famous memory, Kinge Henry the VIII. — Ano. Dom. 
1600." 

He was Gustos Rotulorum, Deputy Lieutenant, and 
Justice of the Peace for the County, and possessed of a 
highly important post in the governorship of the strong 
fortress of Montgomery, where he kept up considerable 
state. He enjoyed the family estates four years, 
from 1592 to 1597, and died comparatively early in 
life, leaving behind him a large family of a very 
tender age, and anticipating a speedy increase. His 
youngest son, Thomas, was a posthumous child. He 
left no will, or such an imperfect one, that it was not 
proved. 

Magdalene, wife of Hichard Herbert, Esq., of Mont- 
gomery Castle. 

The development of the great qualities of the children 
is often traceable to the judicious training of their 
mother, and this rule holds good in respect of Magdalene 
Newport, wife of Eichard Herbert, Esq., of Montgomery 



HERBERTIANA. 411 

Castle, and the mother of three distinguished sons. 
She was the youngest daughter of Sir Richard Newport, 
Esq., of High Ercall, the largest landed proprietor of 
his time in the county of Salop, and descended, through 
the eldest daughter of Sir John Burgh, from the reign- 
ing princes of Powys-land. Her mother was Margaret 
Bromley, daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Bromley, a 
member of the privy council, and an executor of the 
will of King Henry the Eighth. She was the happy 
mother of seven sons and three daughters, and used to 
say, that "she had Job's number,^ and Job's distribution 
of them". Admirable in all the relations of life, after 
the untimely death of her husband in 1597, she strove 
to supply his place to her youthful charge, and accom- 
panied her eldest son, afterwards Lord Herbert of 
Chirbury, to Oxford, on purpose to watch over his 
education, and continued with him four years, managing 
her influence with such control, and compliance with 
the recreation and pleasures of youth, as inclined him 
to spend much of his time in her company. Moreover, 
her lively, but innocent wit, and obliging behaviour, 
gained her many acquaintances and friendships with 
persons of eminent worth or learning in that Univer- 
sity. When she had seen all her children settled in the 
world, she accepted as her second husband Sir John 
Danvers, brother and presumptive heir to Henry, Earl 
of Danby, w^ho highly valued her person, manners, and 
the most excellent endowments of her mind, and enter- 
tained a fathers tenderness and forethought for her 
children. To her, as a new year's gift from Cambridge, 
was addressed the beautiful sonnet of her son George, 
setting forth the chief objects of poetry. 

" My God, where is that ancient heat towards thee. 
Wherewith whole shoals of martyrs once did burn. 
Besides their other flames?" 

Her influence w^as exerted for his selection of the 
clerical profession, and she displayed a timely prudence 

1 Walton's Life of George IlerherL 



412 HERBERTIANA. 

in cautioning him against the great outlay, which his 
liberality and piety suggested in the architectural im- 
provements of his church of Leighton Ecclesia Hunts. 
Sending for him from London to Chelsea, where she 
then dwelt, she said, '* George, I sent for you to per- 
suade you to commit simony, by giving your patron as 
good a gift as he has given to you, namely, that you 
give him back his prebend, for, George, it is not for your 
weak body, and empty purse, to undertake to build 
churches." On his return, after a day's consideration, 
he first desired her blessing, and his next request was, 
that she would, at the age of thirty-three years, allow 
him to become an undutiful son ; for he had made a 
vow to God that, if he were able, he would rebuild that 
church. He then showed her such reasons for his re- 
solution, that she readily subscribed to the project, and 
obtained a contribution of £50 from the Earl of Pem- 
broke. Her virtues are celebrated in other lays, besides 
those of her gifted son George ; for the pious and 
learned Dr. Donne, Dean of St. Paul's, London, de- 
dicated to her his hymns, accompanied by the following 
sonnet : — 

To the Lady Magdalen Herhert, of St. Mary Magdalen. 

'' Her of your name, whose fair inheritance 

Bethina was, and jointure Magdalo, 
An active faith so highly did advance. 

That she once knew more than the church did know. 
The resurrection ; so much good there is 

Delivered of her, that some fathers be 
Loth to believe one woman could do this; 

But think, these Magdalenes were two or three : 
Increase their number, Lady, and their fame : 

To their devotion add your innocence ; 
Take so much of th' example, as of the name. 

The latter half, and in some recompense^ 
That they did harbour Christ himself a guest. 

Harbour these hymns to his dear name address'd/' 

She had supplied the Dean, when a poor struggling 
man, with a wife and family dependent upon him, with 



HERBERTIANA. 413 

>ecuniary aid, and honoured him with her friendship, 
^and, in the fuhiess of a grateful heart, he eulogises the 
'charm of the expression of her features, and the affability 
and tact of her manners. 

'' No spring, nor summer beauty has such grace. 
As I have seen in an autumnal face. 
In all her words, to every hearer fit. 
You may at revels or at council sit.'' 

Her merits are eulogised in the elegy which bears 
[the name of The Autumnal Beauty. 

For twelve years she remained the happy wife of 
ISir John Da.nvers, at the end of which term she expe- 
[rienced severe sufferings, which her husband and 
children strove to alleviate by their kindness and 
sympathy. Her affectionate son George bore his tes- 
timony to the purity of her character and her maternal 
excellence. *' For myself, dear mother", he wrote, I 
always feared sickness more than death, because sick- 
In ess has made me unable to perform those offices, for 
[which I came into the world, and must yet be kept in 
Bt ; but you are freed from that fear, who have already 
fabimdantly discharged that part, having both ordered 
[your family, and so brought up your children, that they 
pave attained to the years of discretion and competent 
maintenance, so that now, if they do not well, the fault 
cannot be charged on you, whose example and care of 
them will justify you both to the world and your own 
conscience ; insomuch that, whether you turn your 
thoughts on the life past, or on the joys that are to 
come, you have strong preservations against all disquiet." 
Sincerely beloved and respected by a large circle of 
relatives and friends, she died July 11th, 1627, and was 
buried in the parish church of Chelsea, and Dr. Donne, 
whilst preaching her funeral sermon, could not refrain 
from tears, at the recollection of all her kindnesses and 
virtues. The sermon was published along with the 
" Parentalia", or Greek and Latin verses by George 
Herbert, in which he expatiates on the estimable 



414 HERBERTIANA. 

qualities of his mother, and declares that, if in his 
sorrows he should be melted into ink, the dark stream 
would be insufficient to record the extraordinary praises 
due to the memory of his parent. 

The following letter of Dr. Donne records his sense 
of obligation to Mrs. Herbert. 

To the worthiest Lady, Mrs. Magdalen Herbert. 

Madam, — As we must die, before we can have full glory and 
happiness, so before I can have this degree of it, as to see you 
by a letter, I must also die, that is, come to London, to plaguy 
London : a place full of danger, and vanity, and vice, though 
the court be gone. And such it will be, till your return redeem 
it. Not that the greatest virtue in the world, which is you, 
can be such a marshal as to defeat or disperse all the vice of 
this place ; but as higher bodies remove, or contract them- 
selves, when better come, so at your return, we shall have one 
door open to innocence. Yet, Madam, you are not such an 
Ireland, as produceth neither ill nor good ; no spiders nor 
nightingales ; which is a rare degree of pei:fection. But you 
have found and practised that experiment, that even nature, 
out of her detesting of happiness, if we will make that our 
work, to remove bad, will fill us with good things. To abstain 
from it, was, therefore, but the childhood and minority of your 
soul, which had been long exercised since in your manlier 
active part of doiug good. Of which, since I have been a 
witness and subject, not to tell you sometimes, that by your 
influence and example, I have attained to such a step of good- 
ness, were both to accuse your power and judgment, of impo- 
tency and infirmity. 

Your Ladyship's in all services, 

August 2, 1607. John Donne. 

The children of Richard and Magdalene Herbert 
were, Edward, afterwards Lord Herbert of Chirbury ; 
Kichard, a brave soldier in the Low Countries, buried at 
Bergen-op-Zoom ; William, engaged in the military 
profession in Denmark ; Charles, Fellow of New Col- 
lege, Oxford, a scholar of great promise, but died young; 
George, the poet and divine ; Sir Henry, the courtier 
and devoted royalist ; Thomas, a posthumous child, a 
distinguished officer by sea and land, buried in London, 
in St. Martin's, near Charing-cross ; Elizabeth, the wife of 



HERBEKTIANA. 415 

Sir Henry Jones, of Abbemarles, Co. Montgomery, 
and mother of a son and two daughters; she suf- 
fered from- a long illness of fourteen years, and was 
buried in a church near Cheapside ; Margaret, the wife of 

ohn Vaughan, son and heir to Owen Yaughan, of 
[Llwydiarth, and mother of three daughters ; and Frances, 
.the wife of Sir John Brown, a Lincolnshire knight. To 
oblige his mother, as well as such near relatives, the 
eldest son consented to give his brothers £30 apiece 
[yearly, during their lives, and to each of his sisters 

1,000 apiece. 

Edwaed, first Lord Herbert of Chirbury. 

The autobiography of this illustrious man is so well 
known that it will be needless to quote it here. It will 
suffice, and perhaps be more appropriate, to quote a 
-short account of him, from the pen of his descendant and 
representative, the President of the Powj^s-land Club. 

In 1860, Edward James, the present Earl of Powis, 
privately printed a work by Edward, Lord Herbert of 
Chirbury, entitled The Expedition to the Isle of Rhe 
(of which only a Latin edition had been pubHshed), and 
dedicated and presented the volume to the members of 
the Philobiblon Society. The following extracts are 
taken from the introduction written by his Lordship 
to this volume.^ 

" Edward liord Herbert of Chirbury was eldest son of 
Richard Herbert, of Montgomery Castle, and Magdalen, 
daughter of Sir Richard Newport, of High Ercall, in the county 
of Salop. He was born 1581. He says, in his life, that he 
was entered at University College, Oxford, when twelve years 
old. In the Register of Matriculations of the University his 
name appears during the time that Dr. Lilley was Yice-Chan- 
cellor, July 1595-96, and his age is stated to be fourteen. 
He was made a Knight of the Bath at the coronation of King 
James I, 1603; appointed ambassador to France, 1619 ; cre- 

^ It also contains ten genealogical tables of the different branches 
of the Herbert family, prepared in a skilful and lucid manner, so as 
to show clearly the ramifications of the family. 



416 HERBERTIANA. 

ated Lord Herbert of Castle Island, in the peerage of Ireland, 
December 31st, 1624; and Lord Herbert of Chirbury, in the 
peerage of England, May 17tli, 1629. He married, February 
28th, 1598, Mary, daughter and heir of Sir William Herbert, 
knight, of St. Julian's, in the County of Monmouth, and had 
issue Richard, second lord ; Edward, who died unmarried ; and 
Beatrix, who died unmarried. He was descended from Sir 
Richard Herbert, brother of Sir William Herbert, first Earl of 
Pembroke of the first creation, 1468, from whose third son^ Sir 
George Herbert of St. Julian's, his wife was descended. He 
died August 20th, 1648, aged sixty-seven, and was buried in 
the church of St. G-iles's-in-the-Fields. Notices of his family 
will be found in Collinses Peerage and Burke's Extinct and 
Dormant Peerages, 1809 ; and of his works in Walpole's Royal 
and Nohle Authors. There are eleven volumes of his manu- 
scripts in the library of Jesus College, Oxford, an account of 
which is given in Coxe's ^ Catalogue of All the Manuscripts 
in the Colleges and Halls at Oxford\... Printed at the Univer- 
sity Press, 1852, two volumes, 4to. There is a biographical 
notice of Lord Herbert in the library of Corpus Christi Col- 
lege, by William Fulman, cccvii, 49. 

" Lord Herbert's autobiography was privately printed by 
Horace Walpole^ Earl of Orford, at Strawberry Hill, 1764, 
Three subsequent editions were printed. The second edition 
was published 1770, and was followed by a third and fourth 
edition. An edition was printed at Edinburgh by Bannatyne 
in 1809, and in London by Saunders and Otley in 1826.'' 

Lord Herbert's account of his own marriage, perhaps, 
should not be omitted, as it bears upon the policy of 
the Herberts of preserving the estates in the family by 
intermarriages. 

*' Shortly after I was sent again to my studies in Oxford, 
where I had not been long, but that an overture for a match 
with the daughter and heir of Sir William Herbert of St. 
Gillians was made, the occasion whereof was this : Sir Wil- 
liam Herbert being heir male to the old Earl of Pembroke, 
above mentioned, by a younger son of his (for the eldest son 
had a daughter who carried away those great possessions the 
Earl of Worcester now holds in Monmouthshire), having only 
one daughter surviving, made a will whereby he entailed all 
possessions in Monmouthshire and Ireland upon his said 
daughter, upon conditions she married one of the surname of 
Herbert, otherwise the said lands to descend to the heirs male 



HERBERTIANA. 417 

the said Sir William and his daughter to have only a small 
>ortion out of the lands he had in Anglesea and Carnarvon- 
shire. His lands being thus settled, Sir William died shortly 
ifterwards * * 

" His daughter and heir called Mary, after her father died, 
jontinued unmarried till she was one and twenty, none of the 
.erberts appearing in all that time who, either in age or for- 
June, was fit to match her. About this time I had attained 
the age of fifteen, and a match at last being proposed, yet, 
lotwithstanding the disparity of years betwixt us, upon the 
jight and twentieth of February, 1598, in the house of Eyton, 
'here the same vicar who married my father and mother 
christened and married me, I espoused her/-* 

Sir Edward Herbert was made one of the Council 
"of King James I for military affairs, in which office he 
^ave such proofs of his abilities, that he was sent as 
ambassador and commissioner in a.d. 1619 to sign the 
treaty of alliance between King James and Lewis 
XIII. 

The following were the instructions given him by 
James the First, the original of which are preserved at 
Powis Castle : 

James R, 

Instruc* cons for our trustie and icell-heloved servant Sir Edward 
Herbert, Knight, onr Ambassador with the French King. 

Having occasion at this present to employ some person of 
specialle quality, judgment, discretion and trust to reside as 
our ambassador with our good brother the French king, we 
have, out of our princely favour, been pleased to make choice 
of you as of one whom we hold in all respects sufficient and 
capable of such an employment, and of whose fidelity and 
zealous affecc'on to our service we have ever entertayned a 
gratious opinion. 

There be not many particulars that we have to give you in 
charge by way of instrucc'n, nor shall it be greatly needfull if 
you observe but this one generall end, and thereunto apply 
you endevors, which is, to give that king the best assurance 
you may from time to time of our brotherly friendship and 
affecc^on towards him, letting him know that to this purpose 
principally we have sent you as our ambassador to reside near 
his person ; and you may tell him further that howsoever by 
the means of all instruments and ministers there hath been of 

VOL. VI. E E 



418 HERBERTIANA. 

late some misunderstanding between us, yet nevertheless there 
could never enter into our heart the least sparke of ill affecc'on 
towards him, as on the other side this last honor and courtisy 
that he hath done us by sending hether a gentleman so quali- 
fied and everyway accomplished as is the Marquis of Tresnel, 
and that so timely to declare his condolence with us for the 
death of our late dearest wife the queen, hath imprinted in us 
that certaine persuasion and assurance of his reciprocall friendship 
towards us, we thereupon being very unwilling to be prevented 
in courtisy or in doing that honor which we desired, have made 
all the hast that possibly we might to dispatch you away unto 
him before any ordinary embassador should come from thence 
unto us. 

And because the meaning is not to be wanting in any good 
oflSce which may testify the reality of our professions unto him, 
you shall let him know that we, understanding of the troubles 
in governing his kingdom is at this present embroyled have 
given the order, as well out of our singular love unto him as 
also in regard of the promise wee made to the king his father 
of happy memory to offer him in our name the best assistance 
that we can afford him, either by our faithful advice or other- 
wise, whensoever he shall have at any time occation or use of 
our help, and shall think fit to signify so much unto us. 

Next you shall take notice of the great obligation we have 
unto him, and give him thanks accordingly for the true sense 
he hath of our present griefe and aflfliiction by reason of the 
queen's death, our dearest wife, as his embassador (the Marquis 
of Tresnel) hath expressed the same unto us, assuring him 
that, for our part, we cannot be less sensible of any thing that 
may befall him, but must be equally affected, either with joy 
or sorrow, as the subject shall give cause, neither may you 
omitt to perform the like ceremony unto the queen. 

And hereupon you may take a fitt occasion to congratulate 
with him in our name for the marriage of his sister, Madame 
Chrestienne, with the Prince of Piemont, to which alliance we 
wish all honour and happiness, as well for the interest which 
the king hath therein of himself, as also in respect of the sin- 
gular affecc'on we bear unto the House of Savoy, and the 
strict amity which is betwixt us and that duke at this present. 

Lastly, whereas it was agreed and concluded by a treaty 
dated the 19th of August, in the year 1610, betwixt certain 
commissioners appointed on our part, and Le Sieur de la Bo- 
derie, then ambassador for the French king, residing here with 
us on behalf of the king his master, that forasmuch as the 
sayd king was at that time in his minority, he should therefore 



HERBERTIANA. 419 

afterwards, when he came to be major, take a solemn oath for 
the observation of all things conteyned in the said treaty, being 
thereunto duly required by a ambassador sufficyently autho- 
rised for such a purpose. We have to that end enabled you, 
by a commission under our greate scale of England in his 
name, to require and to take the sayd oath, hereby willing and 
commanding you to see the same effected according to your 
commission in such due manner and form as is usuall in like 
cases. 

1th May, 1619. Geo. Calvert. 

After a continuance of two years at the French court 
he received private instructions from England to medi- 
ate, if possible, a peace for those of the reformed reli- 
gion, who at that time were besieged in several placee. 
With that object in view he had an audience of the 
Duke de Luines, Constable of France, and high in the 
favour of his monarch. 

Luines had hidden behind the curtain two gentlemen 
of the reformed religion, who, as ear-witnesses of the 
interview, were to report to their friends the faint hopes 
which were to be obtained from the intercession of the 
King of England. But Luines had mistaken the cha- 
racter of the ambassador, who fulfilled his trust with 
candour and an undaunted spirit, so that the Constable 
remarked that if he were not the ambassador, he should 
know how to use him, but received the immediate reply 
from Sir Edward, that while he was the ambassador of 
the King of Great Britain he was also a gentleman, and 
that his sword would do him justice if he had any 
offence. 

In consequence of this fracas Sir Edward Herbert was 
recalled in 1621, but on his return he gave such an 
honourable account of his employment, that he was sud- 
denly sent back on the same embassy. 

In 1623 he again received "letters of recall,'' of which 
the following is a copy : — 

James R. 

Trustie and well beloved we grete you well, we having, upon 
further deliberation, found good to call you from that service 

E E 2 



420 HERBERTIANA. 

you are now in, we have signified so much by our letters to 
that king, which we send you herewith to bee delivered unto 
him, for as we having employed thither with other commission 
our right trustie and well beloved cousin and counsellor, the 
Earle of Carlisle, and our right trustie and well beloved the 
Lord Kensington, we doe require you to present them to that 
king at their first audience, and so to take your leave and 
return unto us with what convenient speed you ma}''. Given 
at our court at Theobalds the 14th day of April, in the one 
and twentieth yeare of our reigne of England, France and 
Ireland, and of Scotland the seven and fiftieth. 
To our trustie and wel beloved Sir Edward 

Herbert, Knight, an Embassador resident 

with our good Brother the French King, 

Upon his return the king for his managing his em- 
bassy "with such fidehty and prudence" created him a 
baron of Ireland, by the title of Lord Herbert of Castle 
Island, by letters patent, dated 31st December, 1625 ; 
and he received a grant of supporters to the ancient 
shield of his family, viz., a lion arg. powdered with 
roses of England and a lion az. powdered with fleurs- 
de-lis of France.^ Afterwards he continued in France, 
returning from his embassy in the reign of Charles I, 
and " approving himself to that king a most faithful 
servant as well in council as in arms" (as the patent re- 
cites) was created an English peer by the title of Lord 
Herbert of Chirbury on 7th May, 1629. 

Lord Herbert commenced his autobiography when he 
was past sixty, and it seems only to report the chron- 
icles of his life to his forty-third year. A short supple- 
ment, therefore, of his latter years will be appropriate, 
and herein his correspondence will assist us. 

In 1636 Lord Herbert passed through Shrewsbury, 
and was complimented by the Corporation in the dis- 
play of hospitality frequently dispensed to visitors of 
distinction. The chronicle of Salop thus records the 
visit : — 

" 1636, November 22, spent on my Lord Castell Is- 

1 Mont. Coll, vol. V, p. 165. • 



HERBERT IAN A. 421 

lande, four pottles claret 55. id. Two ditto sack 45. 
Two dozen fine cakes." Lord Herbert was designated 
by bis Irish title, after be was raised to tbe Englisb 
peerage. 

In a letter written to bis brotber in 1643 be speaks 
of bis great debility. 

" Sir Henry, — The business I intended by you I have dis- 
patched another way. I am thinkinge of a journey to the 
Spaw, but I doubt how I shall be able to go, my body being 
more infirme then to endure any labour. And let me assure 
you, I find myselfe grown older in this one year than in fifty- 
nine yeares before; which as it is true, I should bee glad were 
known among the best of those, to whom you go. I shall 
pray for a good and speedy end to all those troubles, and in 
particular that God would guide those who are now met. And 
here I must remember that of all of us, there remains now but 
I and you to brother it. I pray you remember my kind love 
to your lady, and all yours. So I rest 

" Your faithfull loving brother 

'' Mossley C. lUh June, 1643. ''Herbert. 

''To the right worthy Sir Henry Herbert, Knight, at his 
house near Bewdley, Ribsford, S. S.'^ 

Tbis was followed in ten days by anotber letter : — 

" Sir Henry, — For the good offices you ever done mee, I thank 
you. But why thereupon you should fall upon your old whet- 
tinge, I marvaille. I had rather for my parte forget all un- 
kinde passages then remember them, so as to send you a for- 
giveness for them. If Richard Whittingham sent you word 
(as he told mee) of the condition of the two parkes, you would 
take nothing unkindly, especially when I wished him to tell 
you, that if you sent a gelding thither, he should be welcome. 
But here also you may remember the old answer. If you will 
not take it unkindly that I denied you a courtesy, I will not 
take it unkindly that you asked it. 

" Good brother, use no more close repetitions ; and now I 
grow old and infirme, do not add affliction and discomforts to 

" Your faithful loving brother 

''June 24, 1648. "E. Herbert. 

" To the right worthy Sir H. Herbert, at Oxford." 

In tbe following letter, written apparently from Mont- 
gomery Castle, Lord Herbert details tbe exigencies of 
tbe times proceeding from tbe civil war, tbe scarcity 



422 HERBERTIANA. 

and deamess of provisions at Shrewsbury, the ordinary 
niai-ket for supply, and discloses his fear of worse pri- 
vations. 

" Sir Henry, — Thougli the messenger brought no letter from 
you to myselfe, yet because hee tould me you were well, the 
welcome news thereof in these troublesome times invites me 
to congratulate it with you. If it had pleased R. Witingham 
to have tould you, that I had stone horses in my lower parke, 
and no grass in my upper parke (as he tould me he would), 
there had been no occasion for you to demand that I could not 
conveniently do ; but if you send a gelding or two untill 
Michaelmas, they shall bee received. Wee are here almost in 
as great straits as if the warre were amongst us. Shrewsbur}^, 
which is our ordinary magazine, being exhausted of wine, 
vinegar, hops, paper, and pepper at four shillings the pound ; 
and shortly a want of all commodities, that are not natives 
with us, will follow, the intercourse between us and London 
being interdicted. 

" My dear and only brother, I wish you all health and hap- 
piness, and so rest, though much broken in my health. 
" Your faithfuU lovinge brother, 

'' 2otli August, 16 A3. " E. Herbert. 

" My kind remembrance to your lady, and children." 

His conduct during the arduous conflict of Charles 
I with his Parliament is justly open to animadversion. 

In the year 1644 the strong Castle of Montgomery 
was said to be in jeopardy through the lukewarmness 
or wavering affections of the owner, ^ Lord Herbert of 
Chirbury. Prince Rupert requested that eccentric no- 
bleman's attendance at Shrewsbury, but he excused 
himself in the following brief note : — 

"May it please your most excellent Highness, — I shall 
humbly crave to tell your Highness, that though I have the 
ambition to kiss your most valorous and princely hands, yet 
because I am newly entered into a course of physic, I do 
humbly desire to be excused for the present : beseeching your 
Highness nevertheless to hold me in your former good opinion 
and favour, since I am your Highness' most humble and obe- 
dient servant, 

"E. Herbert. 

'* Montgomery Castle, August 23, 1644." 

^ Prince Rupert and the Cavaliers. By Eliot Warburton. 



HERBERTIANA. 



423 



But a few days afterwards he surrendered the castle 
to the Koundheads under the command of Sir Thomas 
Myddelton, and was entrusted in turn with the com- 
mand of the Parliamentary garrison. 

An army of four thousand royalists, under the com- 
mand of Lord Byron, soon after Lord Herbert's defec- 
tion, approaching Montgomery, compelled the forces 
under Sir Thomas Myddelton to make a precipitate re- 
treat to Oswestry, leaving Lord Herbert with a weak 
garrison, but ill supplied with ammunition and provi- 
sions. The royalists immediately laid siege to the 
castle, but Sir Thomas Myddelton, being strengthened 
with a reinforcement under the conduct of William 
Brereton, Sir John Meldrum, and Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
immediately marched to its relief. A general engage- 
ment now became inevitable, in which the Parliamen- 
tarians obtained after an arduous conflict a decisive 
victory. 

Lord Herbert's double offence of disloyalty and breach 
of trust in the surrender of Montgomery Castle cannot 
be defended, and admits of but little extenuation. The 
inconsistent peer had changed sides, or despaired of 
the royal cause, or bodily infirmities had transformed 
" the native hue of resolution," and he was no longer 
the fearless soldier, whose valour had excited general 
admiration in the campaigns of the Netherlands. His 
flame of chivalry, like a spent volcano, had died out. 

On the subject of his defection Lord Orford thus 
writes : " One cannot help regretting, that a man who 
found it necessary to take up arms against Charles I 
should have palliated the enormities of Henry VIII, 
in comparison of whom King Charles was an excellent 
prince." 

Edward the first Lord Herbert of Chirbury was pos- 
sessed of considerable learning, as appears in his philo- 
sophical treatise in Latin, De Veritate, printed in a.d. 
1638, and since translated into several languages. This 
appears to have been the most highly prized by his re- 
latives of all his works, for we find the entry in Evehjiis 



424 HERBERTIANA. 

Diary, "March 6tli, 1652, Sir Henry Herbert presented 
me with his brother my Lord Cherbmie's book De 
VeritateJ' and again in the 153rd letter of Sir William 
Dugdale, the great antiquarian, we meet with the fol- 
lowing paragraph relative to Edward the third Lord : — 
" Upon my return from the great funeral of Lord Wind- 
sor, I found my Lord Herbert of Chirbury's second mes- 
senger here, by whom he sent me his grandfather's 
book De Veritate, which is so highly valued, as he says 
that it is translated into all languages. It much pas- 
seth my understanding, being wholly philosophical." 

A letter of his grandson, also Edward, subsequently 
third Lord Herbert of Chirbury, exists, written to his 
great uncle Sir Henry, and applying for some odd sheets 
in his possession, in the hope of completing the work 
for the press, and realising some pecuniary advantage 
from it. 

On the subject of the publication of this treatise, 
which is opposed to revealed religion, the noble author 
narrates the following strange story ; " Being doubtful 
in my chamber one fair day in the summer, my case- 
ment being opened towards the south, the sun shining 
clear and no wind stirring, I took my book De Veritate 
in my hand, and kneeling on my knees devoutly said 
these words : — 

" O thou eternal God, author of the light, which now 
shines upon me, and giver of all inward illuminations, 
I do beseech thee of thy infinite goodness to pardon a 
greater request than a sinner ought to make ; I am not 
satisfied enough, whether I shall publish this work De 
Veritate ; if it be for thy glory, I beseech thee give me 
some sign from heaven ; if not, I shall suppress it. 

" I had no sooner spoken these words, than a loud 
though yet gentle noise came from the heavens, (for it 
was like nothing on earth,) which did so comfort and 
cheer me, that I took my petition as granted, and that 
I had the sign I demanded, whereupon also I resolved 
to print my book." He was unreasonable enough to 
cavil at revelation, as being partial and confined to a 



HERBERTIANA. . 425 

portion of the earth, and yet to believe individual reve^ 
lation. Probably, however, his religious opinions to- 
wards the close of his life were more orthodox, for on 
his deathbed he sent for the Lord Primate Usher of 
Ireland, and was willing to receive the sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper, and he had for some time previously had 
prayers twice a day in his house, and on Sunday would 
have his chaplain read one of Smyth's sermons. 

Another work written by Lord Herbert was De Re- 
ligione Gentilium, but his best and ablest treatise in- 
comparably was the Life and Reign of Henry the 
Eighth, edit. Lond. 1649, written at the request of 
James the First, and entitled to the universal esteem 
which it has long acquired among the students of his- 
tory. The original copy, written with his own hand, 
is preserved in the University of Oxford, to which he 
presented it, and what followshasbeen justly remarked 
of it. " It is large and copious, as the multiplied affairs 
of a busy reign required ; and as all Europe was con- 
cerned in the intrigues of those times, the politics were 
intricate to trace, nor can we imagine that any one be- 
side himself could so happily have conquered the diffi- 
culty he complains of, viz., to write that prince's history, 
of whom no one thing might constantly be affirmed, 
and to draw his picture well, who had several coun- 
tenances." We possess the testimony of the great 
critic Lord Jeffi^ey to the excellence of this history, and 
his own autobiography. " The memoir of Lord Her- 
bert is characteristic and good, as is also his so nearly 
contemporaneous History of England under Henry the 
Eighth."^ The comment, however, on the Life and Reign 
of Henry by Hallam in his Constitutional History of 
England, is not equally favourable, for he imputes to 
Lord Herbert fictitious speeches in his history. " Lord 
Herbert," he writes, " puts an acute speech into the 
mouth of More, arguing more acquaintance with sound 
principles of political economy than was usual in the 

1 Jeffreys Essays, vol. ii, p. 644. 



426 HERBERTIANA. 

supposed speaker's age, or even in that of the writer. 
But it is more probable that this is of his own inven- 
tion. He has taken a similar liberty on another occa- 
sion, throwing his own broad notions of religion into an 
imaginary speech of some unnamed member of the Com- 
mons, though manifestly unsuited to the character of 
the times. In both instances he has deceived Hume, 
who takes these harangues for genuine." 

Lord Herbert is also censured by J. A. Froude in 
his portraiture of Henry YIII, for "ascribing his acquire- 
ments in theology to his father's intention of educating 
him for the Archbishopric of Canterbury, as if the sci- 
entific mastery of such a subject could have been acquired 
by a boy of twelve years of age, for he was no more 
when he became Prince of Wales. He must have 
studied theology with the full maturity of his under- 
standing." 

Lord Herbert's historical collections are preserved in 
the library of Jesus College, Oxford, to which they 
were bequeathed by the noble author. The following 
letter contains the official application for them to his 
brother Sir Henry Herbert, to whose care they had 
been entrusted ; — 

" Noble Sir, — This gentleman, Mr. Williams, comes from 
Dr. Chaunsell, head of Jesus College in Oxford, about the 
legacy of books made to them by my Lord Herbert, of Cher- 
bury. I presume he will take just care of the safe delivery of 
them, if he shall receive them from your hand, which I desire 
he may, together with the catalogue^ to take a copy of it, and 
return it again. Sir, I ever am 

" Your most affectionate and humble servant, 

^' November ], 164^8. White Friars. " J. Selden. 

" The Hon. Sir Henry Herbert, Knight.'^ 

Lord Herbert's occasional verses were edited in 16G5, 
8vo, by Edward Herbert, his younger son, who dedi- 
cated them to " his nephew Edward, third Lord Her- 
bert of Chirbury, belonging to him of double right, as 
heir and executor of his grandfather." . 

Edward, Lord Herbert of Chirbury, as a soldier, 



HERBERTIANA. 427 

won the esteem of those great captains, the Prince of 
Orange and the Constable de Montmorency, and is 
eulogised by Lord Orford, "as one of the greatest orna- 
ments of the learned peerage, a man of a martial spirit 
and a profound understanding. Men of the proudest 
blood shall not blush to distinguish themselves in let- 
ters as well as arms when they learn what excellence 
Lord Herbert attained in both;" and his name is em- 
balmed with greater commendation in the lays of Ben 
Jonson, which, after making some deduction for the 
language of friendship or even gratitude, point to him 
as no ordinary personage.^ 

'' If man get name for some one virtue, then 
What man art thou, that art so many men. 
All-virtuous Herbert ! On whose every part 
Truth might spend all her voice, fame all her art : 
Whether thy learning they would take, or wit. 
Or valour, or thy judgment seasoning it. 
Thy standing upright to thyself; thy ends 
Like straight ; thy piety to God and friends : 
Their later praise would still the greatest be. 
And yet they altogether less than thee/' 

In The Beaufort Progress through Wales Thomas 
Dyneley mentions a portrait of this nobleman as being 
in 1684 in Powis Castle : — " Opposite to ye great roome 
in the same gallery Sir Edward Herbert, Knight of 
the Bath, who was embassador in France, sitting in his 
nightgown and dictating to his secretary." 

The picture here referred to is still in the drawing- 
room of Powis Castle, but it is now attributed, not to 
this Lord Herbert, but to the Earl of Castlemain, who was 
a son of Katherine, daughter of William first Lord Powis, 
by her second husband, Sir James Palmer. There are, 
however, in the drawing room three pictures of this lord : 
a head surrounded with clouds ; a small picture by Isaac 
Oliver, in which he is represented as reposing on the 
ground previously (it is said) to his fighting a duel ; 
and a full length portrait of him in the robes of the 

1 Collins^ Peerage. 



428 HERBERTIANA. 

Bath, the painter of which is not known. Lord Herbert 
mentions the picture in his autobiography, when de- 
scribing the ancient customs relating to the making of 
a Knight of the Bath. " The second day to wear robes 
of crimson taffety (in which habit I am painted in my 
study) and so to ride from St. James's to Whitehall 
with an esquire before us." Unfortunately he does not 
mention the artist. 

By his marriage with the daughter and heiress of 
Sir William Herbert of St. Julian's he acquired the Mon- 
mouthshire and Caermarthenshire estates. Whilst he 
was ambassador to France he was obliged to sell estates 
worth £60,000 to pay the expenses of his embassy, 
£10,000 of his salary being also unpaid. 

In the year 1648 his lordship very serenely inquired 
what was the clock, and then said, " An hour hence I 
shall depart'^ ; he then turned his head to the other 
side, and died at his house in Queen Street, London, 
and was buried at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields, with this 
monumental inscription from the pen of Lord Stan- 
hope : — 

" Hie inhumatur corpus Edwardi Herbert Equitis Balnei, 
baronis de Cherbury et Castle-Island, auctoris libri cui titulus 
est, ' De Yeritate.' Keddor ut herbse ; vicesimo die Augusti 
anno Domini 1648." 

It is said^ he had designed a fine monument of his 
own invention to be set up for him in the Church of 
Montgomery, according to the model following : — "Upon 
the ground a hath-pace of fourteen feet square, on the 
middest of which is placed a Doric column, with its 
right of pedestal basis, and capitols of fifteen feet in 
height ; on the capitol of the column is mounted an urn 
with a heart flamboul, supported by two angels. The 
foot of this column is attended with four angels placed 
at pedestals at each corner of the said hath-pace, two 
having torches reverst, extinguishing the motto of mor- 
tality ; the other holding up palms, the emblems of 
victory." 

1 Lloyd's State Worthies, p. 1018. 

2 Aubreifs Lives, p. 2, 387. 



HEEBERTTANA. 429 

In his lordship's occasional verses occurs the following 
characteristic epitaph of himself : — 

Eeader. 

The monument which thou beholdest here 

Presents Edward, Lord Herbert, to thy sight; 
A man who was so free from either hope or fear 

To have or lose this ordinary light. 
That when to elements his body turned were. 

He knew that, as those elements would fight. 
So his immortal soul should find above 

With his Creator, peace, joy, truth, and love ! 

The character of Edward, first Lord Herbert of Chir- 
bury, was brilliant, but not without its defects. 

We cannot regard him as an example in religion or 
in loyalty, for he was unfaithful to a dynasty which had 
loaded him with benefits, and had reposed great confi- 
dence in him. Nor can we look upon him as amiable in 
the relations of domestic life. His hasty temper, which 
he readily admitted, was accompanied with a certain 
wilfulness of mind, and contrariety of purpose, and his 
overweening vanity is indelibly stamped on the chroni- 
cles of his life. But the beauty of his manly features 
still attracts us in his portraits at Powis Castle, Pens- 
hurst, and Charlcot. His abilities and industrv were 
unquestionable. From the pursuits of pleasure or the 
throng of fashion he could promptly disengage his mind, 
and nerve himself for untiring action. His courage 
seemed insensible to decay, till it began to blanch in 
the turmoil of civil warfare. Magnanimously he strove 
to uphold the imperilled rights of conscience of the pro- 
testant population in France and Germany. He was 
keenly susceptible of noble emotions, and was dazzled 
by the alluring lustre of glory. 

'^ Fame is the spur, that the clear spirit doth raise 
(That last infirmity of noble minds) 
To scorn delights, and live laborious days.^' — Milton, 

Like a consummate actor, he easily won much applause 
in any character that he chose to assume. His capabi- 



430 



HERBERTIANA. 



lities were of the highest order, and his reputation, 
great as it is, would have been still higher, if the power 
of revealed religion had purified his motives, and influ- 
enced his actions. 

Before passing to his successor in the peerage, we 
propose to notice his saintly brother, perhaps the one 
of the Herberts who has reached the highest pinnacle 
of true fame. 

{To he continued) 




( Scale one fifth actual sizt) 



Roman Lithic iMoRTARiuM 

Found at Bank Farm, pool Quay, 



Fig 2 




( FULL SIZE. 



Hair Curling Instrument 

Found on site of New Vicarage 
Pool Quay. — (seep 433) 



Fig 3. 




Impression of 

Monogram Ring 

FOUND AT BETTWS.- 
PAGE 434- 



Mont- Coll. Voi VI P^JL 



RlBY LPOOL 



431 



STONE VESSEL SUPPOSED TO BE A PvOMAN 
MOKTAEIUM. 



The stone vessel here figured, was found on Dyer s 
farm, near Pool Quay, situate about tliree miles from 
Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, and belonging to the 
Earl of Powis, and has been brought under our notice 
by Mr. Hand of Whitehouse, Welshpool. About 
twenty-four years ago, whilst draining the " barn-field,'^ 
which adjoins the farm buildings, Mr. Bichard Jones, 
the tenant, found it at the depth of three feet from the 
surface, at a spot about twenty or thirty yards from the 
barn. Unfortunately Thomas Ellis, the master drainer, 
is dead, so that after the lapse of time it is not now 
practicable to ascertain whether any other similar 
articles were there. 

The vessel is eleven and a-half inches in diameter, 
the bowl is seven inches broad, and two and a-half 
inches deep, the small channel on the rim surrounding 
the bowl is a quarter of an inch deep, and seems to 
have been made to catch any liquid which might over- 
flow from the bowl ; there is an outlet from the bowl 
about half an inch deep, and the channel which sur- 
rounds the bowl has also outlets, so that any liquid that 
overflowed would find its way to the same spot as 
the liquid poured out of the bowl. 

This vessel, which is of a hard red sandstone, strongly 
resembles in form Roman mortaria, which, however, 
were usually made of earthenware or terra cotta. 

An excellent authority on this and kindred subjects, 
(Mr. H. Syer Cuming, F.S.A. Scot.), says that there is 
good evidence to show that the Pil(je and Mortaria of 



432 STONE VESSEL, ETC. 

the Romans were wrought of stone as well as other 
substances. In the British Archceological Journal, (vol. 
vi, p. 442), is a curious discovery of Roman remains, 
in Mincing Lane, London, one of the objects exhumed 
being the half of a heavy mortarium, made of Purbeck 
stone, and measuring one foot three and a-half inches 
diameter, narrowing from top to base, and having a 
couple of blocks or buttresses projecting from the sides 
in the way seen on many mortars of much later date. 

Mr. Cuming states that he has never met with a 
lithic mortarium of the form of the one figured, but 
adds that " its contour is so like the terra cotta mortaria 
with which we are familiar, that we seem to be almost 
compelled to admit its Roman origin. It is just pos- 
sible, however, that it may be an example of the old 
bear stone or knocking trough, in which our ancestors 
used to cree or bruise, with a wooden mill, the wheat 
and barley for making frumenty ;^^ but he says, "he is 
by no means sure this kind of mortar was provided with 
an opening in the rim." 

It would be desirable that the spot where this vessel 
was found, should be well searched, as probably some- 
thing might turn up which might decide the age of this 
interesting relic, the aspect of which certainly points to 
the Roman era. 






433 



ARTICLES FOUND ON THE SITE OF POOL QUAY 
NEW VICARAGE. 



In excavating the foundation of the vicarage, which is 
now being built for the new parish of Pool Quay, several 
curious articles have been found. The vicarage is mid- 
way between the church and the school-house, and 
near the site of an old cottage. The excavators came 
upon an old well which had been covered up, and in it 
was found a collection of heterogeneous articles : — 

1. Three fragments of a thick glass bottle : two of 
them fitting together showed the bottle had been of a 
flattened globular shape, and the third fragment con- 
sisted of the neck and rim. On the side of one of the 
two fragments was a medallion bearing the following 
letters, thus : — j "s. 

These initials gave rise to the idea that the bottle 
had been used for some ecclesiastical purpose ; but 
an explanation has been suggested by an experi- 
enced antiquary which is so simple and natural as to 
commend itself for acceptance. He thinks that it was 
a wine bottle of the seventeenth century, which had 
contained wine called Lachryma Christi, and hence the 
initials. In that period it was not uncommon for wine 
bottles to bear medallions, some with the crest of the 
owner upon it. A bottle was found in Liverpool bear- 
ing the well known crest of the Stanley family. 

2. A curious article, made of the same material as 
clay pipes, about two inches long, cylindrical but thicker 
at the ends than the middle, somewhat resembling the 
shape of dumb-bells. It is not unlike a knife rest. It 
is figured full size in the plate opposite p. 431 (fig. 2). 

VOL. VI. F F 



434 ANTIQUE RING. 

At first sight, it was taken to be a tobacco-stopper. It 
proves, however, to be an instrument formerly used for 
curling ladies' hair. Many scores of these curious pins 
(if they may be so called) have been found in the ledges 
within chimneys of old houses in Lancashire and else- 
where, and some of them bear the potter's initials at the 
end. This example has at each end the potter's mark 
" W. A." It is made of fine pipe clay and bears marks of 
having been exposed to heat. These instruments were 
used by barbers of the seventeenth and the succeeding 
century for curling the hair, probably in consequence of 
paper being then a scarce article. 

3. Part of a gun barrel of some age, but without 
anything remarkable about it. 

4. A large tooth of some animal. This disappeared 
before it was examined. 



ANTIQUE EING FOUND AT BETTWS. 

This ring, found in Bettws churchyard, was presented 
by the vicar. Rev. H. J. Marshall (through Eev. E. B. 
Cockayne Frith), to the Powys-land Museum. The de- 
vice it bears is figured in the plate opposite page 431 
(fig. 3), and represents the initial " R.^' crowned. A 
similar ring with initials "U. V." and crowned is figured 
in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, vol. 
iii, p. 408. Dr. Kendrick of Warrington has fifteen 
examples of the initial " R." among his mediaeval seals. 
These crowned initials appear to have been in very 
general use in the fourteenth century. 

^ Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire^ 
vol. xii, p. 214. On p. 209, one of these " hair- curling instruments" is 
figured, and bears the potter's mark, " W. B." 



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McM: Cell: Vol VI. 



435 



NOTES ON THE 
EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMEEY CHUECH. 



Since these remarkable effigies have been engraved for 
the illustration of the paper printed supra, page 207, 
we have been favoured with some interesting remarks 
respecting them. 

First, from the Eev. Charles Boutell, M.A. (Author 
of Heraldry, Historical and Popular , The Monumental 
Brasses of England, &c. &c.) : — 

Note upon the Lithographs of two Military Effigies in 
Montgomery Ghurch. 

Effigy, '' No. 1." — In this effigy the knightly figure 
is well proportioned, and has been modelled with both 
skill and care. The armour represented is such as was 
worn at the close of the fourteenth century, and for 
four or five years after the commencement of the suc- 
ceeding century — the probable date of this effigy being 
about A.D. 1390, or 1395. The head, defended by a 
tall basinet with ample camail covering the shoulders, 
rests on a large tilting helm surmounted by a panache, 
or upright crest of feathers, rising from a crest-coronet — 
a cognisance of the Mortimers, as appears from the 
seal of Edmund de Mortimer, Earl of March, a.d. 
1400. The laces of the camail are covered ; and the 
basinet itself is encircled by a wreath, probably of the 
white roses of York. Somewhat more of the face is 
hewn than is customary in effigies with the camail ; 
there is the drooping moustache of the period. The 
body is armed in a hauberk of mail worn over a breast- 
plate, the hauberk being covered with a jupon of the 
arms of Mortimer. The defences of the limbs are 



436 EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHURCH. 

of plate, the whole being rendered with the utmost sim- 
plicity ; it is probable, however, that some of the details 
may have been worn away. The hands, conjoined, are 
uplifted, the gauntlets being large and now much worn. 
The feet, which have the toes of the soUerets rounded 
off, rest upon a lion ; there appear no traces of spurs. 
The sword, which was suspended at the left side from a 
rich hip-belt, adjusted low down on the figure and 
fastened in front with a buckle and pendant, is broken 
away ; there are no traces of any misericorde. 

The armorial insignia displayed on the jupon of this 
efiigy are unquestionably those of the Mortimers, Earls 
of March ; but the inescutcheon, instead of being 
argent, is differenced with a hendlet, thus shewing that 
the knight here represented was not the head of his 
house. In a Roll of Arms (Harl. MSS. 6137 and 
6589, cited as " E" and ** E") published in the Archceo- 
logia, a coat of Mortimer is blazoned thus : — " Wil- 
liam de Mortimer. — " ^Mortimer's Arms/ the inescut- 
cheon argent charged with a hendlet gules'' In this, 
as in several other instances, the expression " Morti- 
mer's Arms" always implies that the blazon of the field 
is azure, three bars or ; and not harry of six or and 
azure, as in the arms of the Earls. In the seal of Earl 
Edmund de Mortimer, a.d. 1400 (figured in my English 
Heraldry, p. 250), the shield quarters Mortimer with 
De Burgh of Ulster. Other differenced coats of " Mor- 
timer s Arms" substitute gides for azure, have the 
inescutcheon ermine, or charge it with a saltire gules. 

The presence of the panache-crest of the Morti- 
mers with this effigy proves the Mortimer of the 
monument to have been a near kinsman of the Earl, 
crests having been borne, c. a.d. 1 400, only by personages 
of rank and dignity. I may add that the basinet of 
William, Lord Willoughby d'Eresby, represented in his 
Monumental Brass at Spilsby, in Lincolnshire, a.d. 
1409 (figured in my Monumental Brasses of England, 
and at p. '2,70 of the third edition of my Heraldry, His- 
torical and Popular), is encircled with a crest- wreath 



I 



EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHURCH. 437 

closely resembling that in this effigy. Also, a some- 
what similar crest-wreath appears in the sculptured 
effigy, A.D. 1400, of Sii- A. Bassett, at Atherington, 
Devon, figured by Stothard. In the Journal of 
the Archwological Association, Vol. xxiv, p. 21, is a 
paper by Mr. Planche on the " Mortimers," and like 
all Mr. Planche s papers, it is no less interesting than 
replete with valuable information. 

Effigy, "No. 2."— This emgj, which may be as- 
signed to about A.D. 1460-1470, and cannot well be 
later than 1470, when in its original condition, must 
have been a work of unusual boldness of both design 
and execution. The armour is plate throughout, with 
mail skirt and gorget, without a vestige t)f the extrava- 
gances that began to show themselves at the middle of 
the fifteenth century ; there is no secondary or " re-in- 
forcing" plate, and the defences are precisely the same 
on both sides of the figure, an exceptional occurrence 
even as early as a.d. 1460. The head, bare and with 
long flowing hair parted down the middle, rests on what 
appears to have been a tilting-helm of ample size and 
crested ; the countenance is remarkable, and suggests 
at least an earnest eflbrt at personal portraiture. About 
the neck is the Yorkist collar of suns and roses sus- 
taining the white lion of the house of March. In 
front of each shoulder is a rectangular placcate, with a 
large boss of the same form. The bare hands, the fin- 
gers having numerous rings, are uplifted and clasped. 
The taces — their number not clearly defined — are es- 
calloped. The tuilles, now much broken away, and the 
manner of their adjustment no longer to be distin- 
guished, disclose the lower part of a mail skirt. A di- 
agonal belt, somewhat broader than usual, and fastened 
with a buckle and pendent end, crosses the taces, and 
carried the sword, which now is altogether broken away. 
No spurs are visible, and the soUerets, which now are 
by no means acutely pointed, rest on a dog. The fashion 
of wearing the hair long, and the custom of represent- 
ing armed effigies as bare-headed, began about a.d. 



438 EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHUKCH. 

1440 ; such effigies occur both in sculpture and in en- 
graven brasses. The sculptured effigy of Sir John 
Crosby, a.d. 1466 (the date of his wife's death, when 
both effigies appear to have been executed), in the 
Church of Great St. Helen's in the City of London, in 
many respects resembles this effigy; the hands are bare, 
and have finger-rings ; but there are more points of re- 
semblance in the fine alabaster effigy of a knight of the 
Erdington family (figured by Hollis) at Aston, near 
Birmingham, c. A.D. 1450. In addition to the Yorkist 
collar the only trace of any heraldic accessory in this 
Montgomery e^gy is a foot with claws, the remains of 
the crest, which may suggest the Wyvern crest of the 
Herberts. 

Since the foregoing "Note" (written, it will be re- 
membered, from an examination of the two lithographs 
and from tracings of the collar and its pendent in " No. 
2," but without my having seen the original sculptures) 
was in type, I have again examined the e^gj of St. 
Giles Daubeney, K.G., a.d. 1507, in Westminster Ab- 
bey ; and I observed certain points of resemblance be- 
tween the defensive equipment of that good knight and 
the armour of the effigy, " No. 2," at Montgomery, the 
adjustment of the hair in the two figures being nearly 
the same. Still I retain the opinion stated in the 
" Note,^' as to the period to which the Montgomery 
effigy must be assigned. 

Charles Boutell. 



Next, Mr. J. E. Blanche, Lancaster Herald, having 
been furnished with a sketch of the collar and the 
appendant badge, which in the engraving is hid from 
sight by the hands, says, " that the interesting tracing 
of the collar" shews " it is the family one of Edward 
ly, with the white lion of March appendant, and conse- 
quently gives the date to the effigy, 1461-1483." 

And lastly, Mr. Martin Underwood, the artist who 



EFFIGIES IN MONTGOMERY CHURCH. 439 

executed the illustrations, remarks as to the size and 
proportions of the effigies : — 

It is curious to note the difference in the proportion of 
these two figures. The earlier one has exceedingly nar- 
row shoulders, only one foot three inches across, but his 
armour fitting tight to his hips makes him look propor- 
tionate — the later figure has exceedingly narrow hips, 
whilst his shoulders are one foot eleven inches across, so 
his armour at the hips is bulged, and hence he also cuts 
a " pretty figure." If we are to be believe these effigies 
true to the originals, gallant warriors in the middle 
ages — even when donning their mail for deadly fray — 
gave no slight thought to their personal appearance. 
Indeed when physical strength was deemed of more 
importance than mental culture — it behoved all men to 
look strong, for the looking strong sometimes demoral- 
izes an enemy. 



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