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I 



COLLECTIONS 



HISTORICAL & ARCHAEOLOGICAL 



KELATING TO 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE - 

AND ITS BORDERS. 

ISSUED BY THE POWYS-LAND CLUB FOR THE USE OF ITS- MEMBERS. 




VOL. XXIV. 



LONDON : 

PRINTED FOE THE CLUB BY 

WHITING & CO., 30 & 32, SARDINIA STREET, LINCOLN'S INN FIELDS. 

1890. 




11 A Ruddy Lion Ramping in Gold" 

The Seal of SIB EDWABD DB CHEBLETON, LOBD OP POWYS, appended to a Charter dated 
6th July, 7 Henry V (1418), is adopted as the Seal of the $ofojgs4airt) Oufc. This re- 
markable Seal is not quite perfect, the edge having been splintered away, and the figure in 
the place of the crest having lost its head, which the engraver has supplied. It appears to 
have been a round seal, surrounded by an inscription, probably "Sigillum Edwardi de Cherle- 
ton, Domini Powisie", of which only the " g" in the word Sigillum, and " wi" in the word 
Powisie, now remain. The shield in the centre is charged with the red lion of Powys a lion 
rampant and is probably held up by another lion rampant standing on its hind legs behind 
the shield, which is clasped by his fore paws. The side supporters, or rather ornamental 
figures (for it is said that supporters, in the present heraldic sense of the word, were 
unknown at that period), are wild men sitting astride of lions couchant. Mont. Coll., 
vol. vi, p. 293. 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE COLLECTIONS. 



CONTENTS OP VOL. XXIV. 

For the Original Proposal for the Formation of Club, and the Rules 
and Amended Rules, see vol. xvii, pp. viii to xiv. 

List of Members - - vii 

Report of Twenty-third Annual Meeting and General Report, 

and Report of School of Art Committee xii 

Classified List of Articles presented to the Powys-land Museum 

and Library since November 1889 xx 

Alphabetical List of Donors to the Powys-land Museum and 

Library from November 1889 to November 1890 xxiv 



Obituary of Members of the Powys-land Club - 

List of Literary Societies with which the Powys-land Club 

exchanges publications - - xxvi 



The Seal of the Montgomeryshire County Council. M. C. J. 

and W. V. LI. 1 

Early Montgomeryshire Wills at Somerset House, with Notes. 

W.V.LI. - 11 

Parish of Berriew - 11 

Llanbrynmair - - 15 

Llandinam - - - 16 

Llandisilio - 23 

Llandrinio - - - - 25 

Llandyssil - - - - - 30 

Llanerfyl - 32 

Llanfair Caereinion - 33 

Llanfechan - 35 

LlanfyUin - - 36 

Llangurig - . - 37 

Llangyniew - - 40 

Llanidloes - - 41 

Llanllwchaiarn - 48 

Llanllugan - - 50 

Llanmerewig - - - 53 

Llansantfiraid - - - -54 



IV 



Parish of Llanwnog 
Llanwyddelau 
Machynlleth - 
Mainstone 
Manavon 
Meifod 
Montgomery 
Moughtre 
Newtown 



56 
64 
64 
67 
69 
70 
70 
77 
78 



Ale-sellers in Montgomeryshire in 1554, E, R. M. 88 

Whippiuge-posts - 88 

Edward, First Lord Herbert of Cherbury. By Richard 

Williams, F.R.Hist.S. - 89 

Geology of Powys-land. II. The Breidden Hills and their 
Igneous and Associated Rocks. By W. W. Watts, 
M.A., F.G.S., Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cam- 
bridge 107 

I. Literature - 107 

II. Introduction - 107 

III. Ordovician Rocks - - 108 

IV. Silurian Bocks - - 112 
V. Igneous Rocks - - 118 

VI. Summary - 127 

The Myddletons of Myddleton. W.V.LI. - 129 

Norman Line - -129 

Welsh Line - - - - - 138 

Genealogical Key Chart of some of the Descendants of Ririd 

" Flaidd", or " the Wolf", Lord of Penllyn 136-7 

Vlaidd Rhudd and his Descendants. By the Rev. George 

Sandford, M.A. . 139 

Montgomeryshire Records. E, Rowley Morris - . 151 

Parochial Account of Llanidloes. (Supplemental to Vol. 

VIII, p. 248.) Mayors of Llanidloes. E. R. M. 159 

Powysiana (continued from Vol. XXIII, p. 412) 167 

XXIX. Moral Value of High Descent - - - 167 

XXX. Reason for Hilly Roads - - . 167 
XXXI. Herbertiana, from Hutton Papers, Lauderdale Papers, 

and Caryll Correspondence. El. R. M. - 168 

XXXII. Charles and Rowland Vaughan. W. V. LI. - 171 

XXXIII. Extracts from Calendar of Patents, temp. Henry 

VIII. E. R. M. - - . . 172 

XXXIV. Browne Monumental Inscription, Churchstoke - 175 
XXXV. Hughes of Frongoch, Parish of Llanllugan - 176 

XXXVI. Trinity Well, Tregynon. W. S. 0. ' - - 178 

XXXVII. Berriew, Extracts from Parish Register. H. W. K. ] 78 

XXXVIII. Berriew, Pryce, Viscount Hereford - - 180 

XXXIX. The Endorchawg. G. S. - - - 183 

XL. Arwystley - . . - 184 

XLI. The Intolerance of the English - - 184 

XLII. The Flannel Trade - 



XLIII. The Lords Marcher. Q. S. - 186 

XLIV. Descent of Llwydiarth and Glanllyu. W. W. E. W. 188 

XLV. Marriages of Welsh Princesses. G. S. - -.188 

XLVI. Clive-iana, i to vi . - 189 

XLVII. The River Camlad - - 192 

XLVIII. Montgomeryshire Old Deeds, i to iv. E. R. M. - 192 

XLIX. Murder of a Man named Hannibal in Pool Street, in 

1643. E. R. M. - - - - 195 
L. Manor of Arwystli - - 196 
LI. Evan Glynne of Glynne, Esq. - - 196 
LH. The Pryces of Newtown HalL E. R. M. - - 196 
LIII. The Wyvern - - 197 
LIV. Rainfall at Dolfor in 1889. W. B. P. - 198 
LV. Jones of Carog Marriage Settlement. J. M. E. J. 198 
LVI. Postscript to the Episode in the History of New- 
town. R. W. - - - 199 
LVII. Administrations, Dates supplied - 200 

Montgomeryshire Nonconformity (Extracts from Gaol Files, 

with Notes). By R. Williams, F.R.Hist.S, - 201 

Montgomeryshire Dialect (Newtown). By R, Williams 233 

Saxon Earthworks. By the late H. H. Lines - 237 

Grand Jury, 3rd Elizabeth 242 

Pughe of Cwmllowi. By Rev. G. R Pughe 243 

Appendices Nos. I to XII - 257 

Mytton of Garth - 277 

Royal Alliances of Powysland. By Rev. G. Sandford, M.A. 295 

County Council Seals of the Welsh Counties 303 

Garregllwyd Stone, Aberhavesp. By W. Scott Owen 317 

Welshpool : Materials for the History of the Parish and 

Borough (continued from Vol. XXI, p. 345) 321 

Genealogical (continued from, Vol. XIX, p. 242) : 

Rock of Welshpool - - 321 

Powell of Gungrog-fechan - - 323 

Tudor of Garth - - -327 

Foulkes of Cilcochwyn, Penthryn, Trelydan, and Welshpool 328 

Williames of Dolanog - - 331 

Allen of Welshpool and Maesfron - - 332 

Fisher of Maesfron ..... 339 

Salter of Welshpool - 341 

Davies of Hengwm and the Moors - 347 

Jones of Blue Bell and Westwood - 349 

Owen of Welshpool - - 352 

History of the Parish of Kerry. By E. Rowley Morris 

(continued from Vol. XX XI II, p. 370) 355 

Roger de Mortemer II (continued) - - 355 

Roger de Mortemer III - ... 373 

Edmund de Mortemer II - 388 

Roger de Mortemer IV - - - - - 388 



VI 



The Cistercian Abbey of Cwmhir. By Stephen W. Williams, 

F.R.LB.A. - - 395 

Bronze Matrix found at Loppington, Salop 417 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Five Woodcuts of Arms - on pp. 4, 5, and 6 

Four Geological Illustrations on pp. 115, 120, and 126 

Woodcut of Seal of County Council of Anglesea - 304 

Breconshire 305 
Caermarthenshire - 306 

,, ,, Cardiganshire 308 
,, ,, ,, Caernarvonshire - 308 

,, ,, ,, Denbighshire 309 

Flintshire - 311 

,, Glamorganshire 312 

,, . Merioneth - 313 

,, ,, Montgomeryshire 314 

Pembrokeshire 315 

,, ,, Radnorshire 316 

Woodcut of Garregllwyd Stone, Aberhavesp 317 

,, Stone at Llawdderw 398 

Carved Stones from Abbey Cwmhir opposite to 414 

Bi-onze Matrix found at Loppington 417 



Authors alone are responsible for facts and opinions. 



Vll 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS 

OF THE 

PO W YS-LAND CLUB 

September 30, 1890. 



Those marked * have contributed papers to the "Montgomery shire Collections". 
Those marked t are Donors of Objects to the Powys-land Museum and Library. 
Those marked J have exhibited articles of interest at the Annual Meeting. 

Addie, William Forrester, Esq., Powis Castle Park, Welshpool 
tAdnitt, W. H., Esq., Lystonville, Shrewsbury 

Babington, Charles C., Esq., F.S.A., 5, Brookside, Cambridge 
*tBarrett, Thomas Brettell, Esq., Welshpool 
*Bates, J. Cadwallader, Esq., Heddon, Wylam, Northumberland 
JBeck, Peter Arthur, Esq., Ashorne Hill, Leamington 
tJBennett, Nicholas, Esq., Glanyrafon, Llanidloes 
tBlack, Adam William, Esq., 44, Hyde Park Square, London 

Bolding, George Frederick, Esq., 204, Hagley Road, Edgbaston, 

Birmingham 
*Bridgeman, Hon. and Rev. Canon, M.A., The Hall, Wigan 

Bridgeman, Hon. and Rev. J. R. 0., M.A., Rectory, Weston-under- 
Lyziard, Shifnal 

Brisco, Wastel, Esq., Southcott, Reading 

Broughton, J. Nightingale, Esq., Sidney Avenue, Newcastle, Stafford- 
shire 
^Buckley, Sir Edmund, Bart., Plas Dinas, Dinas Mawddwy. 

Carpenter, J. Edward, Esq., Attorney-at-Law, 710, Walnut Street, 

Philadelphia, U.S.A. 

*tClark, George Thomas, Esq., Talygarn, Llantrissant, South Wales 
fCurling, Mrs., Brookland Hall, Welsbpool 

Davies, Edward, Esq., Plas Dinam, Llandinam 

Davies, Rev. John Evans, M.A., Llangelynin Rectory, Llwyngwril, 
Merioneth 

Davies, John D., Esq., Llanidloes 
tJDavies, John Pryce, Esq., Bronfelin, Caersws 

Davies, Thomas, Esq., 121, High Holborn, London 

Davies, Rev. D. Grimaldi, M.A., Vicarage, Welshpool 
tDugdale, John Marshall, Esq., Llwyn, Llanfyllin 



vm 

tEvans, Major David Williams, Bryntirion, Kingsland, Shrewsbury, 

and Glascoed, Llansantffraid 
JEvans, Rev. Edward, M.A., Rectory, Llanfihangel-yn-Nghwnfa, 

Llanfyllin, Oswestry 

fEvans, Edward, Esq., Bronwylfa, Wrexham 
ftEvans, Edward Bickerton, Esq., Whitbourne Hall, Worcester 
ffEvans, John,LL.D., Pres.S.A., F.R.S., Nash Mills, Kernel Hempsted 
tEvans, Mrs. John Hilditch, Bryn Issa, Pershore, Worcestershire 
Eyre, Rev. W., St. Beuno's College, St. Asaph 

Fairies-Humphreys, Nicholas Watson, Esq., Bank House, Mont- 
gomery 
fJFardo, George, Esq., Postmaster, Cardiff 

Ffoulkes, Rev. Piers John Benedict, M.A., The Grange, Jarrow-on- 
Tyne 

Ffoulkes, Wynne-, His Honour Judge, Old Northgate House, Chester 
*t+Field, Rev. Augustus, M.A., Vicarage, Lydbury North, Shropshire 
*t|Fisher, William, Esq., Maesfron, Welshpool 

Foljambe, Cecil G. S., Esq., M.P., Cockglode, Ollerton, Newark 

Foulkes, John Charles Griffiths, Esq., Oswestry 

tJGillart, Richard, Esq., Llynlloed, Machynlleth 
Goulden, Joseph, Esq., 18, Lancaster Gate, London 

Harlech, The Lord, Brogyntyn, Oswestry (Vice-President) 
t Harrison, George Devereux, Esq., Fronllwyd, Welshpool 
*fHarrison, Lieut. -Col. Robert John, Caerhowel, Montgomery 

Hawksworth, Herbert, Esq., M.R.C.S., Park Lane, Welshpool 

Herbert, Col. George Edward, Upper Helmsley Hall, Yorkshire, 

and Glanhafren, Newtown, Montgomeryshire 
*JHeyward, Col. John Hey ward, Crosswood, Guilsfield 

^tJHill, Rev. J. E., M.A., Vicarage, Montford, Salop 
*JHowell, Abraham, Esq., Rhiewport, Berriew, Montgomeryshire 
*Howell, David, Esq., Craig-y-don, Aberdovey (deceased) 

Hughes, H. R., Esq., Kinmel, St. Asaph 

Inner Temple Library, London (J. Pickering, Esq., Librarian) 

Jehu, Richard, Esq., 21, Cloudesley Street, Islington, London 
f Jones, Charles, Esq., Salop Road, Welshpool 
Jones, John Morgan Edwards, Esq., 5, Gloucester Road, Regent's 

Park, London 

*tJJones, Morris Charles, Esq., F.S.A., F.S.A.Scot., Gungrog, Welsh- 
pool (Honorary Secretary) 

*tiJones, Morris Paterson, Esq., 20, Abercromby Square, Liverpool 
tJones, Richard Edward, Esq., Cefn Bryntalch, Abermule, Mont. 
Jones, Rev. Richard Evan, M.A., Llanllwchaiarn Vicarage, New- 
town, Mont. 



IX 

Jones, Miss S. H., 6, Edwardes Square, London 
fJones, T. Parry, Esq., Park House, Newtown 
*fJones, T. Simpson, Esq., M.A., 6, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, 
and Gungrog, Welshpool 

tKynaston, Rev. W. C. E., M.A., Hardwicke Hall, Ellesmere 

*JLeighton, Stanley, Esq., M.P., Sweeney Hall, Oswestry 
fJLewis, Rev. David Phillips, M.A., Rectory, Llandrinio 
t Lewis, Rev. John, M.A., Vicarage, Ford, Salop 
Lewis, Hugh, Esq., M.A.Cantab., Mount Severn, Llanidloes 
Lewis, Rev. T. Wolseley, M.A., St. Idloes, Pitville Circus, Chelten- 
ham 

Liverpool Free Public Library (Peter Co well, Esq., Chief Librarian) 
Lloyd, Henry, Esq., Pitsford Hall, Northampton, and Dolobran, 

Meifod 
*fLloyd, Howel "William, Esq., 56, Abingdon Villas, Kensington, W. 

Lloyd, Richard, Esq., Mount Severn, Newtown 
fLloyd, Sampson S., Esq., 2, Cornwall Gardens, London, S.W., and 

Dolobran, Meifod 
*ttLloyd, Rev. W. Valentine, M.A., F.R.G.S., Haselbech Rectory, 

Northampton (Honorary Secretary) 
fLovell, Mrs. Pugh-, Llanerchydol, Welshpool 

fMatthews, Rev. Prebendary, M.A., Rectory, Llandisilio, R.S.O. 

McCormick, Rev. Frederick H.J., F.S.A. Scot., F.S.A. (Ireland), etc., 

St. James, Whitehaven, Cumberland 
JMorgan, Charles, Esq., College House, Bromley, Kent 

Morgan, David, Esq., High Street, Welshpool 
; Morgan, Edward, Esq., Machynlleth 

Morgan, George, Esq., Fron, Newtown, Mont. 

Morris, E. Rowley, Esq., Warren House, Carleton Road, Tufnell 
Park, London 

Morris, T. Rowley, Esq., Bronhaul, Welshpool 

Murray-Browne, T. Lloyd, Esq., Local Government Inspector, Rhyl 
JMytton, Captain Devereux Herbert, Garth, Welshpool 

Mytton, Miss, Severn Street, Welshpool 

Northumberland, His Grace the Duke of, Alnwick Castle, North- 
umberland 

Oswestry and Welshpool Naturalist Field Club and Archaeological 
Society (Rev. 0. W. Fielden, Frankton Rectory, Oswestry, 
Secretary) 
tOwen, Arthur Charles Humphreys, Esq., Glansevern, Garthmyl, 

Mont. 

Owen, Edward H., Esq., F.S.A., Tycoch, Caernarvon 
*tOwen, D. C. Lloyd, Esq., F.R.C.S., 51, Newhall Street, and Cler- 
mont, Woodbourne Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham 



tOwen, David Pryce, Esq., Broad Street, Welshpool 
*tOwen, Eev. Elias, M.A., Efenechtyd Rectory, Euthin 
*0wen, Eupert K. W., Esq., Caer Gloew, St. Margaret's Road, Ox- 
ford 
tOwen, Eev. R. Trevor, M.A., F.S.A., Vicarage. Llangedwyn 

Owen, Eev. Thomas, Christ Church Vicarage, Wellington, Salop 
*fOwen, T. Morgan, Esq., M.A., H.M. Inspector of Schools, Bronwylfa, 
Ehyl 

*t+Powis, The Earl of, Powis Castle, Welshpool (President) 
tJParker, Eev. F. W., M.A., Eectory, Montgomery 
JParry, Sir Love Jones, Bart., F.S.A., Madryn Castle, Pwllheli 
tPhillimore, E. G. B., Esq., Tyn y rhos, Cemmaes Road, R.S.O., 
Montgomeryshire 

Pierce, Mrs., Sherbourne House, Leamington 

Powel, Thomas, Esq., University College, Cardiff 

Powell, Evan, Esq., Broomcliffe, Llanidloes 

Powell, Matthew, Esq., Welshpool (Honorary Treasurer) 
t^Powell, Samuel, Esq., Ivy House, Welshpool 

Powys, Vere, Esq., 1, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London 
tPritchard, W. E. Gilbertson, Esq., Ceniarth, Machynlleth 

Price, Mrs., Marrington Hall, Chirbury, Shropshire 

Pryce, David Tanatt, Esq., Bronwylfa, Corwen 
*fPryce, Edward S. Mostyn, Esq., Gunley, Chirbury, and The 

Lions, Branksome Woods, Bournemouth 

tIPryce, Elijah, Esq., Trederwen House, Llansantffraid, Oswestry 
fPryce, Eobert Davies, Esq., Cyffronydd, Welshpool 
tPryce, Thomas, Esq., Pentreheylin, Llanymynech, Oswestry 
*Pryce, Thomas Edward, Esq., Architect, 35, Bedford Row, Loudou 

Pryce- Jones, Sir Pryce, Dolerw, Newtown 

Pugh, Thomas, Esq., The Berkshire, Box 275, Pitteston, Pa., U.S.A. 

Pugh, William, Esq., Bod Dyffryn, Kenley, Surrey 
*Pugh, William Buckley, Esq., Dolfor Hall, Kerry, and Patrington, 
Hull 

Pughe, Rev. G. R. Gould, Mellor Vicarage, Blackburn 

tRendel, Stuart, Esq., M.P., 4, Whitehall Gardens, London, W. 
Roberts, David, Esq., 53, Willow Street, Oswestry 
Eoberts, Rev. Robert Jones, M.A., Pool Quay Vicarage, Welshpool 
Robinson, E. F., Esq., M.B., Thornleigh, Burton, Westmoreland 
Euck, Mrs., Pantlludw, Machynlleth 

Sudeley, The Lord, Toddington, Gloucestershire (Vice-President) 
St. Asaph, The Bishop of, The Palace, St. Asaph (Vice-President) 
Salt, George Moultrie, Esq., Quarry Place, Salop 
Salusbury, Rev. George Augustus, M.A., Westbury Rectory, Salop 
*Sandford, Rev. George, M.A., Eccleshall Vicarage, Sheffield 
Slaughter, Very Rev. Monsignor, The Church of Our Lady, Price 
Street, Birkenhead 



XI 

Sotheran, Henry, Esq., 136, Strand, London 

Southern, Francis R., Esq., Ludlow 
fSquires, Mrs., Bonavie, Lansdowne Road, Bournemouth 

Squires, Horace Lynes, Esq., 7, Exchange Station Building 

Liverpool 

fStorey, Sir Thomas, Westfield, Lancaster 
fJSturkey, Thomas, Esq., Dyffryn, Meifod, Welshpool 

fTemple, Rev. R., M.A., Llwynygroes, Llanymynech, R.S.O. 
*Thomas, Ven. Archdeacon, M.A., F.S.A., Vicarage, Meifod, Welsh- 
pool 
Tracy, The Hon. Frederick Hanbury, M.P., 116, Queen's Gate, 

London 

Trinity College Library (Eev. E. Sinker, M.A., Librarian), Cam- 
bridge 
Twenty man, Llewelyn Howel, Esq., Castlecroft, Wolverhampton 

Vane-Tempest, Lord Henry J., Plas, Machynlleth, ( Vice-President] 
tJVaughan, Mrs., Brookside, Welshpool 
Verney, Lieut.-Col. Q. H., Clochfaen, Llanidloes 

Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, Bart., Wynnstay, Ruabon (Vice- 
President] 

*tt Walker, Col. David, 11, Dale Street, Liverpool 
Williams, Edward, Esq., Broome Hall, Oswestry 
Williams, E. W. Colt, Esq., H.M. Inspector of Schools, Hagley 

Hall, Rugeley, Staffordshire 

JfWilliams, Rev. John, M.A., Rectory, Llanrhaiadr, Denbigh 
* Williams, Rev. Canon Robert, M.A., Rectory, Llanfyllin 
*t+Williams, Richard, Esq., Celynog, Newtown (Hon. Secretary) 
*Williams, Stephen W., Esq., Penralley, Rhayader 
tWilling, Edward S., Esq., 511, South Broad Street, Philadelphia, 

U.S.A. 

fJWinder, Major Corbett, Vaynor Park, Berriew, Montgomeryshire 
Woods, Sir Albert W., Garter King of Arms, College of Arms, 

London, E.G. 

Wooding, David Lewis, Esq., Beulah Garth, R.S.O., Breconshire 
Wright, Philip, Esq., Mellington Hall, Churchstoke, Montgomery 
*t|Wynn, Charles Watkin Williams, Esq., Coed-y-Maen, Welshpool 
Wynne, W. R. M., Esq., Peniarth, Towyn 



After 1st October 1890. 
Howell, J. M., Esq., Craig-y-don, Aberdovey 
Williams, Miss Mary C. L., The Brow, Ruabon 



THE POWYS-LAND CLUB. 



ANNUAL MEETING. 

THE Twenty-third Annual Meeting of the members was held at 
the Powys-land Museum, Welshpool, on Monday, October 27th, 
1890, under the presidency of the Earl of Powis. There were 
also present the Ven. Archdeacon Thomas, Meifod; the Eev. 

D. Phillips Lewis, Llandrinio ; the Eev. J. E. Hill, Montford, 
formerly of Welshpool ; the Eev. T. Hughes, Buttington ; the 
Eev. Llewellyn Jones, Welshpool ; Capt. Mytton ; Lieut-Col. 

E. J. Harrison ; Mrs. and the Misses Jones, Gungrog Hall ; 
Charles E. Howell, Esq., Capt. H. M. Westley ; E. E. Jones, 
Esq., Cefn Bryntalch ; Thomas Davies, Esq., London ; Charles 
Jones, Esq., Solicitor ; and M. C. Jones, F.S. A., Gungrog, and 
E. Williams, Newtown, Honorary Secretaries. 

The CHAIEMAN said : 

LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, I will now call upon the Secretary and 
Treasurer to read their reports. I think that this year there is 
nothing very special to notice, except the excavations which have 
just been made at Pool Quay of the foundations of the old Abbey 
of Strata Marcella. A good many bases of capitals, showing the 
style of the pillars, have been found there ; you will see a great 
many fragments of various stones found in the building, and there 
are some very interesting encaustic tiles which I think would bear 
comparison with the encaustic tiles of the present day. Some of 
them are interesting from the armorial bearings upon them. The 
excavations now show the extent of the church of the monastery, 
which was very extensive, and some posts will be put in marking 
the dimensions of the various parts of the building. 

Mr. E. WILLIAMS read the following reports : 

" Eeport to the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Powys-land Club, 
held on the 27th October 1890. 

" The Club has lost one member by death Mr. David Howell of 
Craig-y-don, Aberdovey, an original member of the Council, and one 
who took much interest in its proceedings. His son, Mr. J. M. 
Howell, succeeds him as a member. Since the 1st October 1889, 



Xlll 

seven new members have joined, amongst whom is the Bishop of 
St. Asaph, and eight members have resigned. 

" The Council proposes that the Bishop of St. Asaph should be 
elected one of the Vice-Presidents of the Club, in the place of the 
late Bishop ; that Mr. Edward Rowley Morris be elected a member 
of the Council in the place of the late Mr. David Howell, and that 
Mr. Frederick Ward be Assistant Curator in the place of Mr. W. T. 
Adams, whose death they have to lament. 

" The finances of the Club are in a satisfactory condition, there 
being, after discharging all the liabilities up to 1st October last, a 
balance in hands of the Treasurer of 157 4s. Sd. 

" During the summer a proposal was made for excavating the site 
of Strata Marcella Abbey, and a fund was raised, by subscription, 
principally from members of the Powys land Club, for defraying the 
expense. The work was carried out during the months of August, 
September, and October, under the supervision of Mr. Stephen W. 
Williams, F.R.I. B. A., with the result of tracing out the foundations of 
the Abbey Church, which proved to be of very large dimensions, and of 
finding some architectural remains, showing it to be of Early English 
style, and of a very ornamental character. Some of the carved 
capitals, etc., and encaustic tiles are deposited in the Powys-land 
Museum. A full report is being prepared, which, with illustrations, 
will be printed in the Transactions of the Club. Lord Powis has 
directed a fence to be erected in order to preserve the most import- 
ant of the architectural remains that the excavations have brought 
to light. 

"The Powys-land Museum has received during the last year 
several interesting donations. 

" The number of visitors continues to increase. 

" The subject of preparing and printing an index to the Mont- 
gomeryshire Collections of the Club has engaged the attention of the 
Council, and, although it will be a costly operation, it is considered 
that the balance of funds in hand can hardly be devoted to a better 
purpose." 

The TREASURER'S report was then read. (See pp. xiv and xv.) 

The PRESIDENT then asked the SECRETARY to read the report 
of the Committee of the School of Art. 

POWYS-LAND SCHOOL OF ART. 
Report of the Committee. 

The Committee have the pleasure of presenting a somewhat more 
favourable report than last year's. 

Before giving statistical details, they can state one prominent 
fact, viz., that the total number of pupils attending the Art Classes 
during the last year reached the satisfactory number of seventy, 



XIV 



TJie Powys-land Club in account with Matthew Powell, Esq., 

and ending 

To Cash paid as follows : 

Messrs. Whiting and Co., for Printing Report of 

Meeting and Supplementary Part - 11 2 

Ditto, for Printing Part XLVI 53 15 3 

Ditto, for Printing Part XLVII 60 13 6 

Paid for Wood and Typographical Illustrations 317 2 

Paid for Postage of Report and Parts XLVI and 
XLVII to Members ; also of back Parts to New 
Members ; Printing and Postage of Circulars, 
and Wrappers, collecting Subscriptions, and ac- 
knowledging same, Reporter, etc. 968 

Museum Paid printing Labels, etc. 266 

Balance carried down- - - -15748 



298 5 9 



XV 



Hon. Treasurer, for the year commencing 1st October 1889, 
September 1890. 



By Balance in hand - -11919 3 

Cash received from Subscriptions as follows : 
6 Subscriptions from Origina'l Members at 10s. 6d. 

each - 330 

117 Subscriptions from ordinary Members at 1 Is. 

each . 122 17 

Special : 
1 The Earl of Powis 550 

Arrears received - 1656 

Subscriptions of next year received in advance from 

Members - 25 14 6 

- 25 Members who last year, or previously, paid this 
year's Subscription in advance 

1 1 Members in arrear, amounting (besides bad debts) 
to 27 6s. Od. 

160 Number on List of Members on 30th Sept. 1890. 

Cash received for books sold - - 5 1 6 



298 5 9 



1890, October. By Balance in hand brought down 157 4 8 



XVI 



fifty being industrial pupils, and the remaining middle-class, or non- 
industrial pupils. All have not attended every class. 

Attendance. 

The attendance of the classes, and the fees received, have been as 
follows ; 

Term ending 14th Jan. 1890 
Term ending 25th March 1890 
Term ending 10th June 1890 
Term ending 19th Aug. 1890 

Totals.. .43 25 50 50 8 15 



DAY CLASS. 


EVENING CLASS. 


Attendance. 


Pees 


Attendance Fees. 


. 10 


... 5 


17 


6 


... 11 .. 


1 


18 





. 11 


... 6 


10 





... 14 .. 


2 


9 





. 11 


... 6 


2 


6 


... 13 .. 


2 


5 


(i 


. 11 


... 6 


15 





... 12 .. 


2 


2 






Schools coming in a body at a reduced fee of 5s. 
instead of 12s. 6d. each pupil have been : 



Attend- 
ance. 

1st quarter... 16 
2nd quarter 12 
3rd quarter 8 



Day Class ... 
Evening Class 
Private Schools, A 

B 

C 



School A. 



Fees. 

,400 
300 
200 

JE9 



Attend- 
ance. 
,. 14 
. 13 
, 13 



School B. 



Fees. 

..3 10 
,.350 
,.350 

.10 



Attend- 
ance. 

.' 3 
3 



School C. 



Fees. 

15 

15 

1 10 



...25 5 
... 8 15 
900 
10 
1 10 
20 10 

<54 10 



The pupils as a rule are very young, and none have produced 
works of the advanced character which is now required by the 
Department. Results of the examination : 

Six pupils passed "second class", and two failed in free-hand 
drawing. 

One pupil passed " second class", and four failed in model draw- 
ing. 

Seven external candidates also went in for examination in free- 
hand drawing, of whom one passed "first class excellent", one "first 
class", four passed " second class", and one failed. 

The Committee are glad to learn that an Art School or Class is 
about to be established in Newtown, to which they wish every 
success. It will not come into competition with this school, but it 
may be anticipated that an honourable and healthy rivalry may 
spring up which may be beneficial to both schools. 

The Committee wish to record their grateful acknowledgments to 
Mr. Charles Cortissos, the Art Master, for the decorative paintings 



XV11 

with which iu his leisure time he has adorned two panels in the ceil- 
ing of the Art School. 

This room has been named " the Gallery of Art" prematurely, it 
is feared, for, although in existence for six years, it does not as yet 
possess a single oil painting or water-colour drawing. 

The CHAIRMAN : I will now move that the reports read be printed 
and circulated. 

ARCHDEACON THOMAS : My Lord, I have great pleasure in second- 
ing the resolution, as bearing upon both reports laid before us. The 
report of the Art Committee, reminds us very much of our own 
experience and our examinations in days gone by, when many tried 
and a good many failed. It is satisfactory, however, to find that 
there are as many as seventy pupils, and we hope that some of them 
will reach eminence in the study that they adopt, and that all of 
them will derive pleasure and instruction. With regard to the other, 
our own more immediate Keport of the Powys-land Club there is 
one great satisfaction ; indeed, there are a good many satisfactions. 
We have before us in the tiles, and in the beautifully wrought 
capitals and ornamental work, and also in these drawings, indications 
of the work that has been going on in our own Abbey of Strata 
Marcella. Unfortunately, there is not very much left, but what does 
remain is of great interest, and there is sufficient indication, I think, 
in the formation of the mounds of the field to show where generally 
the lines of the domestic buildings went ; and some day it is to be 
hoped that a knowledge of the whole structure and buildings of Strata 
Marcella Abbey will be attained through the means of the Powys- 
land Club. I am sure we must all feel exceedingly grateful to our 
President for taking care that what has been brought to light, of so 
much interest, should be fenced round and preserved from injury. 
There is also a great satisfaction in knowing that there is a good 
balance in hand, as this encourages the secretary and treasurer to go 
on happily with their work. Our Transactions The Montgomeryshire 
Collections for the past year have been quite equal to their pre- 
decessors, and all include a certain amount of interesting matter. In 
the course of looking through the parts I have been in the habit of 
dotting down matters having special reference to my own parish, and 
there I see the will of Jenkin Lloyd, a former vicar of Meifod, whom 
I have been trying for a very long time to identify. In one of our 
registers he is reported as having been buried at Trowscoed. I 
wrote to the vicar, asking him if there was any reference, but I got 
no information, inasmuch as the registers of that parish did not go 
back to that date. Then I tried at All Souls' College, Oxford, 
because he had been a Fellow of that College, and though they gave 
me particulars of his matriculation and degrees, they could not tell 
me anything of his surroundings. In this year's volume of The Mont- 
gomeryshire Collections we have his Will, and that has helped me in 
many ways to fill up the gap that previously existed. It proves him 
to have been one of the Vaughans, now represented by the Earl of 

b 



XV111 



Lisburne, but an advowson to which he was presented by the Earl 
of Pembroke, and which is assumed to have been Meifod, could not 
have been so, as Lord Pembroke had nothing to do with that 
advowson. Its rectorial tithe belonged to Christ Church, Oxford, 
and never belonged to Lord Pembroke, so that it must have been 
some other advowson. Then he mentions " David Lloyd, his cousin, 
Doctor of Law". He was of Berthlvvyd, a well-known man, a Fellow 
of All Souls, and after having suffered a good deal during the Com- 
monwealth, he became Chaplain to Lord Derby, and afterwards Dean 
of St. Asaph. He wrote several songs, and the burlesque "Legend 
of Captain Jones". He died in London, and was buried at Ruthin ; 
and Browne-Willis quotes the epitaph, which is said to have been 
written by himself: 

" This is the Epitaph 
Of the Dean of Asaph : 
Who, by keeping a table 
Better than he was able, 
Ran much into debt, 
Which is not paid yet." 

In another part of the volume there is a question of genealogy and 
the devolution of property, relating to the family of Powell of 
Gungrog and Mr. Lawton Parry, which I am able to solve from the 
Meifod Registers. In 1718, Andrew Parry of the Main married 
Margaret Lawton, and they had two sous and two daughters. Jenkin 
Parry, the eldest son, married Martha Powell of Lloran, the elder 
daughter and co-heiress of Robert Powell of Gungrog, and Miss Griffith, 
the heiress of Lloran issa. Lawton Parry, the second son, was an 
attorney at Pool, and father of Lawton Parry, the High Sheriff of 
Montgomery in 1795. Sarah Powell, the younger sister of Martha 
Powell, married Robert Lloyd of Oswestry, and their son, Robert 
Powell Lloyd, d. 1769, cet. 5. Jenkin Parry and Martha Powell had 
three children (1) William Powell Parry, d. 1771, cet. 5 ; (2) Mar- 
garet Parry, d. 1827, cet. 71 ; (3) Martha Parry, d. 1799, cet. 46. 
Margaret Parry, the last surviving sister, is said to have left 
her property to John Hamer, and his son, John Parry Hamer, is the 
present owner of Lloran. 



1718. 

Andrew Parry=j=Margaret Lawton. 
of Main. 



ir-j-j! 



Miss Griffith,=f= Robert Powell 
h. of Lloran issa. I of Gungrog. 



1 

Lawtou Parry. =p 


\ \ 
Margaret. 
Jane. 


1 1 
Jenkin^Martha 
Parry, Powell. 
Sheriff, 
1757. 


1 1 
Robert Sarah=j=Robert 
Powell. Powell. Lloyd. 
o. s. p. 


Lawton Parry, 
Sheriff, 1795. 


\ 

Robert Powell 
Lloyd, 
o. s. p. 


William Powell 
Parry, 
o, s, p. 


1 
Margaret 
Parry, 
1757-1827. 


1 
Martha Parry, 
1750-1799. 



XIX 

Last year, having mentioned ray habit of dotting down matters 
relating to the parish whenever and wherever I came across them, 
the Secretary asked me to write out a specimen some day for the 
guidance of others, and I now offer two of the pages, taken at random, 
to show how little bits of information, collected from different sources, 
when brought together, supply an abundant source of information 
upon places in the parish. And now, with your permission, I will 
read a short paper upon an object which, I think, is not generally 
known in Montgomeryshire, and yet is very unique, A PORTRAIT BRASS 
IN THE CHURCH OP BETTWS, CEDEWAIN. 

[This paper, and also the specimen of the Meifod Notes, will 
be printed in the Transactions of the Club.] 

The Archdeacon concluded by seconding the resolution moved 
by the Chairman, which was unanimously adopted. 

Captain MYTTON : I beg to propose that the Bishop of St. Asaph 
be appointed a Vice-President, Mr. E. Rowley Morris a member of 
the Council, and Mr. Frederick Ward an Assistant-Curator of the 
Museum. 

Mr. R. E. JONES : I beg to second that motion, and I have very 
great pleasure indeed in doing so, as I see among the names the 
name of Mr. Edward Rowley Morris, whom I have known for many 
years, and who, 1 think, has done more than anyone else in this 
country to recover the buried history of Montgomeryshire. 

The motion was carried unanimously. 

The Rev. D. PHILLIPS LEWIS said : I take the liberty of rising to 
invite you to a resolution which will require but very few words 
indeed from me to recommend it. We have had a nobleman in the 
chair, who has come and kindly presided over different meetings, and 
I am sure everyone must be thankful to Lord Powis for coming 
here and presiding, and you will all agi'ee that the thanks of the 
meeting be given to the President for presiding. 

Colonel HARRISON : I have great pleasure in seconding the resolu- 
tion which has been proposed by Mr. Lewis. I am sure it is a great 
pleasure to us all to see his Lordship coming here year after year, 
and manifesting the same unwearied interest in everything that con- 
cerns the welfare of this Club. 

Lord Powis : I am very glad to be able to attend, and on the part 
of the Council I beg to thank the members present for attending this 
general meeting. 

The meeting then terminated. 



CLASSIFIED LIST OF ARTICLES 

PRESENTED, BETWEEN NOVEMBER 1889 AND NOVEMBER 1890, 

TO THE POWYS-LAND MUSEUM AND LIBRARY, WITH THE 

NAMES OF THE DONORS.* 

(Continued from "Montgomeryshire Collections" 
Vol. xxiii, p. xxvi.) 



IRON AND BRASS : 

Presented by (109) T. SIMPSON JONES. 
8. A Brass Warming Pan. 

Presented by (212) T. BARNES (1890). 
A Kushlight Holder and Candle-stick combined. 

Presented by (478) Mrs. WITHERS, New College, Berriew (1890). 
1. A Rushlight Holder, with a large circular spring, 4 inches in 
diameter. 

Presented by (228) JOHN JEHU (1890). 
Three specimens of Antique Snuffers and Trays. 

Presented in exchange for a Rushlight Holder. 
An Ancient Scotch Crusie Lamp. 

Presented by (476) W. W. FARMER (1890). 
1. Silver Plated Snuffers and Tray. 

STONE : 

Presented by (119) MAJOR D. W. EVANS (1890). 
7. A Spindle Whorl found at Fronfraith. 

Presented by (477) EDWARD PARKE, Architect, Newtown (1890). 

1. A Stone object, found July 1890, on banks of Severn, nearly 
opposite " The Gro Tumps". 

Presented by THE EXCAVATION COMMITTEE (1890). 
A large number of Carved and Moulded Stones, and also Tesselated 
and incised Tiles, Painted Glass, Lead, and other objects found during 
the excavation of the site of the Abbey of Strata Marcella. 



* Each donor's name has a large number prefixed, and each of his dona- 
tions is numbered consecutively with a small number. This is done for the 
future identification of the donations. 



XXI 

NATURAL HISTORY : 

Presented by (479) D. A. COLT-WILLIAMS (1890). 

1. A collection of Dried Plants, made by the late Mrs. Williams, 
formerly of Castle Caereinion Rectory. 

Presented by (240) HOWARD HUDSON, Standerton, Transvaal (1890). 

5. Piece of Gold bearing quartz from Johannisberg, Transvaal (from 
Mine of Treun Co.), said to yield 2 oz. to the ton. 

6. Piece of Quartz from Old Kraaf Valley, Transvaal. 

7. Stone from Hartz Mine Diamond Diggings, Griqualand West, 
South Africa. 

8. Piece of Lava from Isle of Ascension. 

9. Whale Tooth from St. Helena. 

MISCELLANEOUS : 

Presented by (63) C. W. WILLIAMS-WYNN, Coedymaen. 

2. A Palm-leaf MS. , which Dr. Host, the Librarian of the Indian 
Office, said was part of a long book reciting the Deeds of Buddha the 
god. They are only part. 

3. Two Japanned Wooded covers, in Pali, used for the recitation 
of the Scriptures, when a Buddhist novice is initiated. 

They were taken at the siege of Bhurtpore, in 1826, by the force 
under Lord Combermere, and by him given to the Right Hon. C. 
W. Williams- Wynu, then President of the India Board. 

Presented by (1) MORRIS C. JONES, F.S.A. (1890). 
269. Envelope issued on the Jubilee of Uniform Penny Post, and 
also a Card, " Penny Post Jubilee, 1890." 

Lent by the MAYOR AND CORPORATION OF MONTGOMERY. 
The Ancient Parish Stocks, formerly standing in Montgomery, 
near the Town Hall. 

BOOKS : 

Presented by (352) T. MORGAN OWEN (1890). 

4. "The New Code." 

Presented by (480) S. W. WILLIAMS (1890). 

1 . Ancient Arms and Armour : A Lecture. 

2. Catalogue of Loan Museum of Ancient Arms and Armour at 
Hereford, Oct. 1890. 

3. The Cistercian Abbey of Strata Florida : Its History, and 
Account of Recent Excavations (in exchange). 

Presented by (425) T. KEKSLAKE (1890). 

2. Saint Richard, the King cf Englishmen, and his Territory, A.D. 
700-729. 

Presented by (314) WORTHINGTON G. SMITH (1890). 

3. Vol. of Original Drawings of St. David's, and other parts of 
Pembrokeshire. 

4. Ditto, by J. L. Jones, Pembrokeshire. 

5. Ditto, by ...Blight, Pembrokeshire, 1866; also other drawings. 



xxu 

Presented by (482) ALFRED F. C. C. LANGLEY (1890). 
1 . The Parish Registers of Broseley. 2 vols. 

Presented by (353) Mrs. SQUIRES (1890). 
9. Discovery of the Tomb of Ollamh Fodhla. 
10. Etruscan Bologna, by Burton. 

Presented by (434) SCIENCE AND ART DEPARTMENT (1890). 
Directory, revised to July, 1890. 

Prospectus of Sir J. Whitworth's Scholarships and Exhibition for 
Mechanical Science. 

Presented by (133) J. J. HOWARD, LL.D. (1890), in exchange. 
Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, 12 Nos. 

Presented by (461) EDITOR OF RELIQUARY (1890), in exchange. 
Reliquary, Nos. from October 1889 to October 1890. 

Presented by (396) J. P. EARWAKER (1890), in exchange. 
7. Publications of the Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. 
Vols. 19 and 20. 

Presented by (411) FRANCIS PARRY (1890). 
Royal Geographical Society papers, supplementing Vol. II. 

Presented by (481) EDITOR OF THE RELIQUARY (1890). 
Monthly Nos. for January 1890. 

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETIES' TRANSACTIONS received in exchange for the 
Powys-land Club Publications : 

From (25) THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF LONDON (1890). 
Proceedings. List of Fellows. Vol. xii, pt. 4, Vol. xiii, p. i. 

From (73) SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND (1890). 
Proceedings. Vol. x, 1888-9. 

From (222) THE CAMBRIAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (1890). 
Archseologia Cambrensis, 1889. 

From (289) ROYAL INSTITUTE OF CORNWALL (1890). 
Vols. 34 and 35. 

From (224) THE ROYAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN 

AND IRELAND (1890). 
Transactions. Nos. 183, 184, and 186. 

From (255) BERWICKSHIRE NATURALIST CLUB (1890). 
Proceedings, Vol. for 1889. 
From (351) THE BRISTOL AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL 

SOCIETY (1890). 

Transactions. Vol. xiii, pts. 1 and 2. 

From (45) THE BRITISH ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (1890). 
Journal. Vol. xlv, pt. 4 ; xlvi, pts. 1, 2, and 3. 

From (293) THE CAMBRIDGE ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY (1890). 
Proceedings, pt. 29 (being No. 3 of Vol. vi), 28, vol. iv, pt. 2. 
The Diary of Samuel Newton, 8vo publication. No. xxiii. 



XX111 

From (288) THE ESSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (1890). 
Transactions. Vol. iv, pt. 1. 

From (296) THE GLASGOW PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY (1890). 
Proceedings. Vol. xx. 

From (223) ROYAL HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OP 
IRELAND (NOW THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF IRELAND) 

(1890). 
No. 79, vol, ix, Fourth Series. No. 2 (vol. i, Fifth Series). 

From (298) LEICESTER LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY (1890). 
Transactions. New 2nd Series, pt. 11, April 1889. 

From (286) THE LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, LIVERPOOL. 
Transactions. Vols. 41, 42, and 43. 

From THE LIVERPOOL POLYTECHNIC SOCIETY. 
Journal, 1889. 

From (278) THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA (1890). 
The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. Vol. xiii, 
No. 2. 

From (309) THE SHROPSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY 

SOCIETY (1890). 

Vol. ii, 2nd Series, pts. 1 and 2. 
Calendar of Wills relating to Shropshire, pts. 1 and 2. 

From (387) THE SOMERSETSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL 

HISTORY SOCIETY (1890). 
Proceedings during 1889. Vol. xv, New Series. 

From (406) SOCIETY OP ANTIQUARIES, of Newcastle-on-Tyne (1890). 
Archseologia Aeliana. Vol. xvi. 

From (427) LEICESTERSHIRE ARCHITECTURAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL 

SOCIETY (1890). 
Transactions. Vol. vii, 1 and 2. 

From (342) SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION (1890). 
Reports for 1886, pt. 1 for 1887, and for National Museum, 1887. 
From (292) THE SUFFOLK INSTITUTE OF ARCHAEOLOGY AND NATURAL 

HISTORY (1890). 
Proceedings. Vol. vii, pt. 1. 

From (46) THE SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (1890). 
Collections. Vol. x, pt. 1. 

From (295) SUSSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (1890). 
Collections. 11 vols., from x to xx, and also vol. xxiv. 

From (297) THE WILTSHIRE ARCH^OLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY 

SOCIETY (1890). 
The Magazine. No. 72. 

From (72) THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND TOPOGRAPHICAL 

SOCIETY (1890). 
Transactions. Parts 40, 41, and 42. 



XXIV 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF DONORS OF ARTICLES AND BOOKS PRE- 
SENTED TO THE POWYS-LAND MUSEUM AND LIBRARY. 

From October 1889 to October 1890. 



Farmer, W. W., 476 
Langley, Stephen F. C. C., 482 
Parke, Edward, 477 
Reliquary, Editor of, 481 



Withen, W., 478 
Williams, D. A. Colt, 479 
Williams, S. W., 480 



OBITUARY OF MEMBERS OF THE POWYS-LAND CLUB. 



1869. Jan. 29. CHARLES THOMAS WOOSNAM, Esq., Newtown. 
May 23. EDWARD WILLIAMS, Esq., Lloran House, Oswestry. 

1870. May 15. Major-General CHARLES THOMAS EDWARD HINDE. 
Oct. 30. Rev. JOHN EDWARDS, M.A., Rector of Newtown. 
Nov. 16. Rev. HARRY LONGUEVILLE JONES, M.A. 

1871. Feb. 26. Sir BALDWIN LEIGHTON, Bart., Loton Park, Salop. 
Mar. 3. EDWARD EVANS, Esq., Thorneloe House, Worcester. 
Mar. 24. PRICE BUCKLEY WILLIAMES, Esq., Pennant. 

April 24. GEORGE WOOSNAM, Esq., Newtown. 

June 21. WILLIAM PRYCE YEARSLEY, Esq., Welshpool. 

July 23. ARTHUR JAMES JOHNES, Esq., Garthmyl. 

Dec. 5. JOHN PRYCE DREW, Esq., Milford House, Newtown. 

Dec. 12. Rev. JOSEPH JONES, R. C. Church, Welshpool. 

1872. April 28. ROBERT MAURICE BONNOR MAURICE, Esq., Bodynfol. 
Sept. 4. Rev. ROBERT JOHN HARRISON, M.A., Caerhowel. 

1873. Nov. 13. JOHN GOUGH NICHOLS, Esq., F.S.A. 

1874. April 10. EGBERT DEVEREUX HARRISON, Esq., Fronllwyd, Welshpool. 
Nov. 25. R. H. STURKEY, Esq., Meifod. 

1875. Aug. 11. EDWARD WILLIAMS, Esq., of Neuadd faben, Talgarth. 
Nov. 4. THOMAS BOWEN, Esq., Welshpool. 

1876. Jan. 5. Mrs. ANN WARBURTON OWEN, Glansevern. 
Feb. 10. JOSEPH OWEN JONES, Esq., Fron-y-gog. 
May 26. THOMAS TAYLOR GRIFFITH, Esq., Wrexham. 

June 15. JOHN RALPH, first LORD HARLECH, Brogyntyn, Oswestry. 

June 18. Rev. JOHN JUDGE, Leighton Vicarage, Welshpool. 

1877. Rev. Canon JENKINS, Llangyniew Rectory, Welshpool. 
April 28. SUDELEY, Lord SUDELEY ( Vice-President). 

1878. June 8. The Ven. Archdeacon MORGAN, M.A. 

Aug. 5. JOSEPH HUMPHREYS, Esq., The Court, Dogpole, Shrewsbury. 

Dec. 5. THOMAS OWEN MORGAN, Esq., of Aberystwith. 

1879. Mar. 28. Rev. ROBERT JONES, B.A., All Saints', Rotherhithe. 
April 29. Rev. JENKIN JONES, M.A., Rector of Cerrig y Druidion. 
Aug. 3. Rev. THOMAS JAMES, LL.D., F.S.A. 

Dec. 12. Rev. J. J. TURNER, M. A. 

1880. Jan. 28. Rev. F. H. TOMPSON, Vicar of Chirk. 

Mar. 5. Rev. D. PRITCHARD PRITCHARD of Ceniarth. 

April 22. Miss HINDE-LLOYD, of Bath. 

June 9. WATKIN WILLIAMS EDWARD WYNNE, Esq., Peniarth. 



XXV 

1S81. Feb. 22. Mitw JANK DAVIES, of Pemnaen Dovey. 

M;ir. 10. KDWAUD BRKKSK, Esq., F.S A., of IVllheli. 

Ai>ril 22. JOHN SIDKS DAVIES, Eq , M.R.C.S., of Oswestry. 

April 26. Rev. Cauon ROBERT WILLIAMS, M.A., Rhyd y Croesnu. 

Nov. 25 Mrs. PUOH- JOHNSON, Llanerchydol. 

1882. Feb. 24. Rev. Canon DAVID WILLIAMS, Castle Caereiniou. 

Mar. 26. LKWIS R. PRICE, Esq., 117, St. George's Square, London. 

May 6. Rev. JOSKPH MC!NTOSH, M.A., Llanerfyl. 

Nov. 3. JOHN MAURICE HERBERT, Esq., Rocklands, Ross. 

1883. Jan. 28. CHARLES PERRIN SMITH, Esq., Trenton, Pennsylvania. 
Mar. 12. Rev. Prebendary DAVIES, M.A., Moor Court, Kington. 
April 27. THOMAS EDYE, Esq., London, aged 92. 

July 15. JOHN BEATTIE, Esq., Shortwood, Teddington Park. 

Dec. 1. JOHN JONES, Esq., Commander R.N., Welshpool. 

1884. Jan. 2. OFFLEY MALCOLM CREWE READ, Esq. 

Feb. HESRY DAVIES, Esq., Town Clerk, Oswestry. 

Feb. 10. Col. JOHN PRYCE HARRISON, Cheltenham. 

Sept. 5. JOHN HILDITCH EVANS, Esq., of Bryn Issa, Pershore. 

Nov. 5. The MARQUESS OF LONDONDERRY ( Vice- President}. 

Dec. 13. Rev. E. H. MAINWARING SLADEN, M.A. 

1885. May 9. Sir WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN, Bart., M.P. (V ice-President). 
June 3. Rev. Canon WYNNE- EDWARDS, M. A., Llanrhaiadr Rectory, Den- 
bigh. 

Dec. 11. WILLIAM THOMAS PARKER, Esq., Welshpool. 

1S86. Jan. 26. Yen. Archdeacon FFOULKES, M.A., Whittington. 

Mar. 19. JOHN JONES, Esq., of Bellan House, Oswestry. 

Mar. 28. BRANSBY WILLIAM POWYS, Esq., London. 

Sept. 19. Mrs. PRYCE, Gunley. 

Nov. 15. THOMAS RUTTER, Esq., Welshpool. 

Dec. 15. Rev. Canon S. HAYMAN, M.A., The Rectory, Douglas, Cork. 

1887. Aug. 9. Rev. E. L. BARNWELL, M.A., Melksham, Wilts. 

Oct. 14. J. Y. W. LLOYD, Esq., M.A., K.S.G., Clochfaen, Llanidloes. 

Nov. 14. 0. D. TUDOR, Esq., 2, Collingham Road, London. 

Nov. 16. R. S. PERROTT, Esq., Bronhyddon, Oswestry. 

Nov. 21 . RHYS BUCKLEY WILLIAMES, Esq., Pennant. 

1888. Feb. EDWIN HILTON, Esq., Rhiewhiriaeth, Llanfair Caereinion. 
Mar. WILLIAM WITHY, Esq., Welshpool. 

June 2. Rev. E. E. B. SALISBURY, B.D., Wiuceby Rectory, Lincolnshire. 

Aug. Rev. RICHARD ROBERTS, M.A., Amlvvch. 

SAMUEL LEWIS, Esq., Holborn Bars, London. 

1889. Jan. 21. The BISHOP OF ST. ASAPH ( Vice- President). 
Feb. 7. WILLIAM WILDING, Esq., Montgomery. 
April 25. LEWIS LEWIS, Esq., Mount Severn, Llanidloes. 
May 31. JOSEPH EVANS, Esq., Hurst House, Prescott. 

July 15. Sir JAMES ALLANSON PICTON, Sandy knowe, Wavertree. 

Aug. 3. JOSEPH BEATTIE, Esq., Overlsigh, Wellington, Salop. 

1890. July DAVID HOWELL, Craig-y don, Aberdovey (Member of the Council). 



XXVI 



The POWYS-LAND CLUB exchanges publications with the fol- 
lowing Literary Societies, viz. : 

The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Royal Institution, Edinburgh. 

The Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-on-Tyne (Hon. Secretary, 
R. Blair, Esq., South Shields). 

The Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 
Oxford Mansions, Oxford Street. 

The Berwickshire Naturalist Club (James Hardy, Esq., Old Cambus, 
Cocksburnspath,. Hon. Sec.). 

The Bristol and Gloucester Archaeological Society (The Museum, 
Gloucester). 

The British Archaeological Association, 32, Sackville Street, Piccadilly 

The Cambrian Archaeological Association. 

The Cambridge Antiquarian Society (Rev. S. S. Lewis, F.S.A., Corpus 
Christi College, Secretary). 

The Chester Archaeological and Historical Society, Grosvenor Museum, 
Chester. 

The Royal Institution of Cornwall (The Hon. Secretaries, Truro). 

The Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, London (Secretary, E. 
Vincent Evans, Esq., 27, Lonsdale Chambers, Chancery Lane, W.C.) 

The Essex Archaeological Society (H. W. King, Esq., Leigh Hill, Leigh, 
Essex, Secretary). 

Glasgow Archaeological Society (care of James Maclehose and Co., 
Vincent Street, Glasgow). 

The Glasgow Philosophical Society, Glasgow. 

The Kent Archaeological Society (Rev. W. A. Scott Robertson, M.A., 
Throwley Vicarage, Faversham). 

The Leicestershire Architectural and Archaeological Society (care of 
Messrs. Clarke and Hodgson, 5, Gallow Gate, Leicester. 

The Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool (Royal Institu- 
tion, Liverpool). 

The London and Middlesex Archaeological Society (G. H. Birch, Esq., 
Hon. Sec., 9, Buckingham Street, Strand, London). 

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, No. 920, Spruce Street, Phila- 
delphia, U.S.A. 

The Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society (The 
Museum, Salop). 

The Smithsonian Institution, Washington, U.S.A. 

The Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society (The 
Castle, Taunton). 

The Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History (Rev. C. 
Haslewood, F.S.A., St. Matthew's Rectory, Ipswich). 

The Surrey Archaeological Society, 8, Danes Inn, Strand, London. 

The Sussex Archaeological Society. 

The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Society (G. H. Tom- 
linson, Esq., Huddersfield). 

The Wiltshire Archaeological Society (The Museum, Devizes). 

The Worcester Diocesan Architectural and Archaeological Society (J. 
Noake, Esq., London Road, Worcester, Secretary). 



THE SEAL OF THE MONTGOMERYSHIRE 
COUNTY COUNCIL. 



THE important body, the County Council of Mont- 
gomeryshire, is, by the Local Government Act, 1888, 
constituted a body corporate, and one of its first duties 
was to provide itself with a Corporate Seal. At its 
second meeting, on the 22nd Feb. 1889, it appointed 
, a Committee, consisting of the Chairman (A. C. Hum- 
phreys-Owen, Esq.), the Vice-Chairman (J. Jenkins, 
Esq.), Lord Powis, Col. Hey ward, R. E. Jones, Esq., 
and T. Hamer Jones, Esq., to consider and recom- 
mend a proper and suitable design for the Corporate 
Seal. The Committee, through its Chairman, invited 
suggestions from various quarters in which they con- 
sidered it probable they could get assistance, and they 
received the following suggestions, which they took 
into consideration. 

By Mr. RICHARD WILLIAMS. 

" A round seal, containing the arms of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn and 
those of Brochwel Ysgithrog, surmounted by the red dragon of 
Wales ; perhaps a leek or two may be introduced also." 

By Mr. A. N. PALMER. 

" The arms of Prince Gwenwynwyn ap Gruffydd, from whom 
your part of Powys gets its name as Powys Wenwynwyu. Or, a 
lion's jamb dexterwise erased, gules." 

By Mr. MORRIS C. JONES and Rev. W. V. LLOYD, two of the 
Secretaries of the Powys-land Club. 

Suggestions for determining the Selection of a Seal for the 
County Council of Montgomeryshire. 

In the adoption of a county cognizance, the Council may be 
assumed to prefer such as is symbolical of local government. 
The locale of this cognizance ought to be Powys-land, which 

VOL. XXIV. B 



2 THE SEAL OF THE 

is appropriately identical with the modern shire of Mont- 
gomery; and, to be of suitable significance, might appro- 
priately be taken from the arms of the most ancient of our 
governors, either those of the Welsh princes or of our Nor- 
man conquerors. 

The prominence now given to the 'national sentiment, and 
the pardonable pride of race accredited to Welshmen, would 
rather indicate a preference for the arms attributed to our 
Cambrian rulers, the Princes of Powys, who were rather won 
than conquered. Should nationality be the guiding principle of 
the Council's selection, the Arms (an engraving of which accom- 
panies this; see Appendix) of recent adoption by the borough of 
Montgomery are clearly inadmissible, as being those ascribed 
to Roger de Montgomery, the Norman adventurer sent by the 
Conqueror to carve out a patrimony at the expense of Powys- 
land, and whose Arms would be an unpleasant reminder of a 
Norman yoke. 

Tre Valdwyn, or the town of Baldwyn de Boulers, a name 
by which, since the time of Henry I, our Welsh ancestors 
were pleased to style Montgomery, might have suggested, 
in preference, Baldwyn's arms argent, two Cornish choughs 
in pale, proper as those for the borough of Montgomery. 

To partially satisfy national sentiment and the ideal of 
local government, the new cognizance might be that assigned 
to the descendants of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, who, for several 
generations, held the possession, and the titular rank of 
Princes, of Upper Powys, viz., or, a lion rampant, gules " the 
ruddy lion ramping in gold". On the marriage of Sir John 
deCherleton with the heiress of the Cynvynian princes, Hawyse 
Gadarn, he adopted her arms ; and these (see illustration in 
Appendix), on the seal of Sir Edward de Cherleton appended 
to a charter at Garth, conveying privileges to Sir Griffith 
Vaughan for the capture of Lord Cobham the Lollard, are 
illustrated by the seal adopted by the Powys-land Club. 

There is an earlier dynasty who exercised a rule over a 
considerably extended Powys-land for six centuries, and which, 
in point of strict legality, may be considered by antiquaries 
as having the precedency of the Cynvynian princes, who were 
usurpers. This dynasty was of the line of Brochwel Ysgithrog, 
whose descendants adopted and have borne the " three nag's 
heads"; but it was supplanted by the family of Bleddyn ap 
Cynfyn, between seven and eight hundred years ago. Whether 
the earlier claim should be invalidated or rendered obsolete 
by the later possession is perhaps a question for the legal 
antiquary. But it must be remembered that the Brochwel 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. 3 

sovereignty ceased eight hundred years ago ; that, moreover, 
the coat-armour is mythical, certainly it could not have existed 
in the time of Brochwel, which was before the era of heraldry ; 
and that, although possibly adopted by his descendants at an 
early date, there is no authentic proof that it was borne by 
any Brochweliau prince before that dynasty was supplanted 
by the dynasty of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn. 

(1.) In considering the question practically, it is probable that 
the opinion will generally prevail that to adopt the arms of 
our Norman rulers would be the recognition and the per- 
petuation of the remembrance of the Norman yoke of bond- 
age, and as uncongenial to the feelings of the Powysians of 
the present age. 1 The Norman arms are therefore set aside 
as out of the question. The choice seems therefore to remain 
between the cognizances of the two ancient Powysian dynasties, 
which sufficiently adumbrate the functions of local self-govern- 
ment. (2.) The champions of legality and priority of dominion, 
notwithstanding the great lapse of time since the rule of the 
Brochwelian tribe ceased, may contend for the adoption of 
the " three nag's heads", probably with the " nag's head" as 
a crest, as being doubtless the oldest Welsh traditional armo- 
rial bearing. Such are the traditional arms of Nest, Broch- 
welian Princess of Powys in the ninth century, the great- 
granddaughter of Eliseg, the remains of whose memorial 
cross now lie in Valle Crucis, and the grandmother of Rhodri 
Mawr, King of all Wales. Others may think that the shield 
with the "ruddy lion ramping in gold", is practically the 
most appropriate, as the only authentic coat-armour borne 
by an ancient Prince of Powys. It was the accepted cogniz- 
ance of the Cynvynian family, and actually borne in the 
person 2 of Griffith ap Gwenwynwyn prior to 1283, when 
heraldry was in its infancy. The Cynvynian dynasty com- 
menced with Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, who, after a rule of thirteen 
years over Powys, died in 1073. It subsequently continued 
down to the time of Owen de la Pole, who voluntarily sur- 
rendered to Edward I the name and crown of a prince, and 
received back his lands to be held "by barony". This feudal 
barqny continued with the Cherletons and Greys to a com- 
paratively recent period, the reign of Elizabeth, when the 
territory passed by purchase to the Herberts. 

If (2) the nags' heads be adopted, there would be a nag's 

1 Wynne's History of Wales, p. 167. 

2 As appears on St. George's Roll. 

B 2 



THE SEAL OF THE 



head for crest, and the shield would be within a circle in- 
scribed with the legend of the Council. 

If No. 3, the "ruddy lion" be adopted, as before remarked, 
there is a seal of Sir Edward de Cherleton, temp. 1419, still 
existing, appended to Sir Griffith Vaughan's deed at Garth, 
which might form a model. (See Appendix.} 

An engraving of the seal, as it now is, is appended, and 
also another engraving in which a part broken off is restored. 
The latter has been adopted by the Powys-land Club. It is also 
sculptured in stone over the Powys-land Museum. The lion 
behind the shield and the diaper- work filling up the circle 
should be retained. Its restored head forms an appropriate 
crest. The ornamental figures or side supporters may be 
adopted or rejected, as taste may dictate. Whichever arms 
are chosen, the garter or circle encompassing the shield should 
bear the legend " Sigillum Consilii Comitatus Montgomeri- 
ensis"; or, if preferred, in English, " The Seal of the County 
Council of Montgomeryshire." 



APPENDIX. 

1. The ancient charters of the borough of Montgomery and 
the translations are to be found in a MS. volume in the pos- 
session of the Corporation, containing " A Transcript of the 
Charters, Laws, Statutes, and Customs of the Free Borough 
of the Town of Montgomery, made pursuant to an order of 
the Bailiffs and Burgesses at a Common Hall holden the 6th 
day of July 1802." The frontispiece to this MS. volume con- 
tains a coloured emblazonment of the "Arms" and "Seal", 





which are reproduced below, with a slight correction. On the 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. 5 

frontispiece there are the following notes in pencil, in the 
handwriting of the late Town Clerk, Mr. Edmund Edye : 
" These arms are wrongly depicted [red, gules], as the Field 
should have been blue. E. E." "The Cross Keys was ridi- 
culously adopted for a new Common Seal in consequence of 
such being the Pitchmark for Cattle in the Floce [sic] meadow. 
E. E." The meadow is usually termed the " Flos". 




Sable, three nag's beads erased argent. 

i 

2. The above are the Arms ascribed by our earliest heralds 
to Brochwel Ysgithrog, Prince of Powys in the sixth century. 
There was certainly no coat-armour, in the modern accepta- 
tion of the term, in his day, but there were tribal cognizances 
antecedent to the times of the twelve tribes of Israel ; and, 
knowing the history of the Brochwelian dynasty, and its con- 
flict for ages with Saxon aggression, it is not improbable that 
the three torn heads of the Saxon or Hanoverian white horse, 
aptly symbolising Cambrian success, may have been borne as 
a tribal badge or distinction in the field, by himself or some 
of his successors. However, Reynolds, in his Display of 
Heraldry, gives Brochwel's reputed cognizance as "the most 
primitive coat in use within the six counties of North Wales", 
and adds : "it ought to have the precedency of others/' 



The Seal of SIR EDWARD DB CHERLETON, LORD OF POWYS, 

appended to a Charter dated 6th July, 7 Henry V (1418). 

3. This remarkable seal is not quite perfect, the edge having 

been splintered away, and the figure in the place of the crest 

having lost its head. It appears to have been a round seal, 

surrounded by an inscription, probably " Siyillum Edwardi 



6 



THE SEAL OF THE 



de Charleton Domini Powisie", of which only the " g" in the 
word Sigillum and " wi" in the word Powisie now remain. 




The shield in the centre is charged with the red lion of Powis 
a lion rampant and is probably held up by another lion 




rampant standing on his hind legs behind the shield, which is 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. 7 

clasped by his fore paws. The side supporters, or rather 
ornamental figures (for it is said that supporters, in the 
present heraldic sense of the word, were unknown at that 
period), are wild men sitting astride of lions couchant. This 
seal is adopted as the seal of the Powys-land Club, but the 
engraver has supplied the head of the lion at the back of the 
shield, and also surrounded it with the words, " The Seal of 
the Powys-land Club, instituted MDCCCLXVII." 

The foregoing suggestions were considered by the 
Committee, with the result that " the ruddy lion 
ramping in gold" was selected, on historical and other 
grounds, as the most appropriate cognizance for the 
new governing body as successor and representing the 
ancient Princes of Powys. 

But the Chairman and others entertained a strong 
opinion that symbols of the farming and textile indus- 
tries of the county should be introduced on the seal. 

A learned herald, Mr, Gatty, York Herald, was 
consulted by one of the members of the Committee as 
to the heraldic device proposed to be adopted, and, as 
may be expected, the herald took the professional 
view. He said : 

" The idea is very good" and it would have been well if he had 
stopped there ; but he proceeded : " but I find myself officially in 
rather a difficulty, for, under the Act, each county council is a body 
corporate, and ought, like boroughs, to apply here [the College of Arras] 
for a patent of Arms ; but nowadays, when anybody and everybody 
take what just they like, whether they have a right to it or not, this 
College is not prepared to so far champion truth as to demand that 
they shall not appropriate Arms, except with the sanction of the 
heralds. At the same time, as a herald, I feel 1 must not be party 
to what I can only look upon as a (well, not quite robbery) but a 
misappropriation of Cyufyn's Arms, and which I personally, as a 
descendant of the Vaughans of Golden Grove, have a prescriptive 
right in as a quartering ! I must, therefore, leave you to settle the 
matter among you, unless the Council are prepared (as they ought 
to be) to vote 76 10s. to have a patent of Arms recorded to the 
county under sections 106 (1) and 79 (1). I am very sorry, but 
hope you will see and understand my position in this matter." 

This letter was addressed to the Chairman. 

On this the Secretary of the Powys-land Club com- 
mented. 



8 THE SEAL OF THE 

"The heralds look to their fees, but I believe, judging from experi- 
ence, that if the Garter King of Arms had been asked he would not 
have given so mercenary an answer. I think you may make your 
mind quite easy as to Mr. Gatty, York Herald's, allegation, that the 
county would be appropriating uuauthorisedly the Arms belonging 
to Bleddyn ap Cynfyn. The ' ruddy lion ramping in gold' are, in 
fact, the armorial bearings of Griffith ap Wenwynwyn (for I believe 
the Arms go no further back than him, the great great great-grand- 
son of Bleddyn). 

" The County Council have succeeded to the dominion and rule of 
Bleddyn and his descendants, and have, I think it may fairly be 
contended, a moral right to the armorial bearings he or they bore. 
They must be viewed as territorial Arms not personal analogous to 
a barony by tenure as distinguished from a barony by writ. 

" There is, moreover, a very apposite precedent to which we com- 
mend the attention of the herald. Sir John de Cherletou, on his 
marriage with Hawyse, the princess-heiress of Powys, assumed her 
Arms, instead of his own ; and Mr. Gatty may be asked, did he, 
Sir John de Cherleton, obtain the confirmation or assent of the 
College of Arms 1 The Arms are really in this case symbolic of the 
dominion, and certainly such dominion, which the ancient Princes 
of Powys exercised, and which afterwards devolved upon the feodal 
Barons of Powys, has now devolved upon the County Council as 
the rulers of the territory of Powys. We submit that this pre- 
cedent is quite as valuable as the herald's authority, which is founded 
upon the pocket" 

The compromise that was contemplated, of substi- 
tuting for the crest and side supporters of the ancient 
Arms the emblems of Commerce and Agriculture, was 
not approved by the Secretary of the Powys-land Club, 
on the ground that they would rather be medallicthan 
heraldic ; and that such charges were generally objects 
of ridicule amongst heralds, and are certainly incon- 
gruous with heraldic charges. The objection did not 
prevail. 

With reference to the motto, which is, in fact, no 
part of heraldry, a large number were suggested. 

By Mr. ALFRED NEOBARD PALMER. 
" Trech Trefaldwyn na Baldwyn." 
" Stronger is Baldwin's county than Baldwin himself." 

By Mr. GEORGE HAYHURST FRANCE. 
I. " St. David and Montgomery." 
" Dewi Sant a Threfaldwyn." 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. 9 

* 

II. " Montgomery and Honour." 

" Er anrhy dedd Maldwyn 

Anrhydedd Maldwyn." 
in. " Our highest aim : Montgomery's fame." 

"Euwogrwydd Maldwyn, ein nod uchaf." 
iv. "What fear we so Montgomery prosper?" 

"Rhag pwy yr ofnwn os llwydda Maldwyn ?" 
v. "We welcome work, if for Montgomery." 

" Croesaw llafur er mwyn Maldwyn." 
vi. "Sweet to work for Montgomery." 

" Melus gwaith Maldwyn." 
vii. " Montgomery's interest ours." 

" Buddiannau Maldwyn mwyn." 
vin. " Our hearts are in Montgomery." 

." Y mae'n calonnau yn Maldwyn." 
ix. " Forward, Montgomery !" 

" Ym mlaen a Maldwyn." 

Professor RHYS, who "failed to find anything to please him", 

mentioned four. 
I. ' Goreu cynghor pwyll." 

' The best counsel" (or council) " is deliberation." 
ii. ' Goreu trefn ymwellau." 

' The best order is that of making ourselves, etc., better." 
in. ' Deuparth gwaith ei drefnu." 

' Two parts" (out of three, I suppose) " of a work consists in 
planning or arranging it"; or, " Two-thirds of a work is to 
plan it." 
iv. " Nid gwlad heb gynghor." 

"A country" (or state) "is not a country" (or state) "without 
advice" (counsel or deliberation). 

By Principal EDWARDS, Aberystwith. 
" Galon Sais wrth Gyrnro." 
" Union of hearts between English and Welsh." 
"Powys" would be suitable. 

By Mr. W. CADWALADR DAVIES. 
" Gwlad rydd a mynydd i mi." 
" The land of the mountain and of freedom for me." 

Mr. RICHARD WILLIAMS. 
" Goreu canwyll pwyll." 
" The best candle (or light) is counsel." 
" Cadarn barn llawer." 
" Strong is the judgment of many." 

The Welsh motto of the province of Powys " A laddo a leddir" 
(" He that slayeth shall be slaiu.") 
" Powys paradwys Cymry." 
" Powys the paradise of the Welsh." 



10 



THE SEAL OF THE COUNTY COUNCIL. 



The motto ultimately chosen by the Committee 
was 

"Goreu canwyll pwyll." 

" The best candle is counsel." 

But at the meeting of the County Council Mr. 
Edward Davies of Dolcaradog, in a spirited speech, pro- 
posed as a substitute for the motto selected a quotation 
from the Welsh bard, Llywarch Hen, " Powys Para- 
dwys Cymry", " Powys the Paradise of the Welsh", 
which was supported by a large majority, and after- 
wards carried by acclamation. 

The following seal was then adopted. 




The official description of it runs as follows : 



" The Seal of the Montgomeryshire County Council. 

" The seal is circular, 2^ inches in diameter outside measurement. 
The principal feature of the design is a shield -with the Arms of 
Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Prince of Powys from 1068 to 1073, viz. : ' Or, 
a lion rampant gules.' Below the shield is a plough, and on either 
side are shuttles, symbolic of the farming and textile industries of 
the county, and over the shield is the motto, ' Powys Paradwys Cymry', 
a line from one of the poems of the bard, Llywarch Hen. The whole 
is framed in a cusp ing, the points of which are formed by leeks, and 
is surrounded by the inscription, ' Sigillum Commune Comitatus de 
Montgomery 1889.' 

"The seal was designed by J. Forbes-Nixon, Esq., and engraved 
by Mr. Harry Soane." 



11 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS AT 
SOMERSET HOUSE. 

(Continued from Vol. xxiii, p. 58.) 

PAEISH OF BERRIEW. 

The Will of PRYCE, Lord Viscount Hereford ; made 30th 
November 1747 ; proved 22nd August 1747. 

STRAHAM, 244. 

I, PRYCE, LORD VISCOUNT HEREFORD, being of sound and dis- 
posing mind, memory, and understanding, do make this my 
last Will and Testament in manner and form following. Im- 
primis, I give and devise all that my Messuage and Lands in 
Woodford, in the county of Essex, with the rights, members, 
and appurtenances, to Robert Moxon of Gray's Inn, gentle- 
man, and to his heirs for ever. Item, I give all that my Castle 
of Orford, and all my Honours, Lordships, Manors, and other 
my Messuages, Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments in the 
counties of Suffolk, Montgomery, Hereford, Salop, Warwick, 
and Worcester, or any of them, as well ffreehold as Copyhold, 
and whereof I am seized, or any person or persons in Trust for 
me, either in possession or reversion or Remainder, and all 
other my Reall Estate of Inheritance whatsoever or whereso- 
ever, except my Messuage, Lands, Tythes, Tenements, and 
Hereditaments, in the county of Pembroke, which I will shall 
go with the Title, and my Reversion or right of Reversion to 
the Estate, Settled and directed to be settled by the late Lord 
Viscount Hereford on Price Jones, which will descend to my 
heir-at-law, I give and devise to Thomas Thurston of the 
Middle Temple, Esquier, and to the said Robert Moxon and 
their heirs In Trust, that they or the survivor of them, or the 
heirs of such survivor, shall, and do as soon as conveniently 
may be after my decease, make sale of all and singular the 
said premises, except before excepted, as well those in Rever- 
sion as those in possession, for the best price or prices that can 
be got for the same, and I will that the moneys to be raised by 
such sale, together with the Rents and profits thereof untill 



12 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

such sale, shall, after deduction of the necessary charges and 
expenses attending the Trust, be paid and employed by the 
said Thomas Thurston and Robert Mo'xon, or the eurvivor of 
them, or the heirs of such survivor, in discharge of all my just 
debts, and the Legacies immediately following, that is to say, 
I give and bequeath unto my present wife, Eleanora, Vis- 
countess Hereford, the sum of one thousand pounds. Item, I 
give and bequeath unto John Allen, late of Tavistock Street, 
Westminster, Apothecary, the sum of One hundred pounds. 
[tern, I give to Miss Martha Carter, daughter of Mrs. Carter 
of Redburn, in the county of Lincoln, the sum of One thousand 
pounds. I give to Thomas Thompson of Weybridge, Gentle- 
man, the sum of Fifty pounds. Item, I give to Richard Price, my 
nephew, the sum of One thousand pounds. Item, I give to Ed- 
ward Devereux, Brother of George Devereux of Kevengwernor, 
in the county of Montgomery, Esquire, the sum of One thousand 
pounds. Item, I give to Joseph Morton, my Steward, the sum of 
Two thousand pounds. Item, I give to Margaret Winstanley, 
my wive's Servant, the sum of Five hundred pounds. Item, I 
give to William Houlding. of Orford the sum of fifty pounds. 
Item, I give to Mileson Edgar, Esquire, of the Red house in 
Ipswich, the sum of One thousand pounds, and to Thomas 
Edgar, his brother, the sum of Five hundred pounds, which 
said Legacies I will shall be paid to the said Mileson and 
Thomas respectively at the several ages of Twenty-one years, 
and if they, or either of them, should dye before they attain 
that age, I will that the Legacy or Legacies of him or them so 
dying shall fall into the residuum of the produce of my reall 
Estates hereby devised to be sold, and all other the Legacies 
above by me given I will shall be paid within six months next 
after the sale of my said Estates ; provided, nevertheless, and I 
do hereby direct and order that as often as any part of my said 
Estates shall be sold, my debts being first paid and discharged, 
the money arising by such sale, or the overplus thereof, shall 
immediately be divided amongst my said legatees in equal pro- 
portion to their said legacies, and paid to them in part thereof, 
if the whole money arising by any such sale shall not be suffi- 
cient to discharge the whole at one time ; and, further, my 
mind and will is, and I do hereby give and bequeath the over- 
plus of the rents and profits of my said real Estates, and the 
money arising by the sale thereof, to be equally divided, share 
and share alike, between the said Thomas Thurston and Robert 
Moxon. Item, I give and bequeath to my said wife Eleanora, 
Viscountess Hereford, my plate and Jewells, my Medalls, 
Watches, and Rings, my coach, and six of my Coach-horses, to 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 13 

be chosen at her discretion, and the pictures, china, and furni- 
ture of my Mansion House at Sudborue, and the further sum 
of one thousand pounds, to be paid to her for her immediate 
occasions out of my personal Estate,, as soon as conveniently 
may be after my decease. Item, Whereas, Leicester Martin, 
Esquire, deceased, my late father-in-law, did give the sum of 
Twenty pounds for the benefit of the poor of the parish of 
Sudborne aforesaid ; I will that the same, and the Interest 
thereof, shall be made up to the sum of Fifty-five pounds, 
which I give and bequeath to the Churchwardens and Over- 
seers of the said parish, the interest and produce whereof I 
will shall be laid out by them and their successors for ever, in 
buying of bread to be weekly upon every Lord's day, in the 
parish Chui-ch of Sudborne aforesaid, by them distributed at 
their discretion to and amongst such of the poor inhabitants of 
the said parish as shall decently and orderly attend divine service 
therein, and I desire my executors hereinafter named will 
take care that the said money be so settled and secured as will 
best answer the purposes aforesaid. Item, I give and bequeath 
to the Churchwardens and Overseers of the poor of the parish 
of Berriew, in the county of Montgomery, to be by them laid 
out and disposed of for the benefit of the poor of the said 
parish, in such manner as they shall think proper. 1 Item, I 
give to Joseph Norton, John Spooner, John Butcher, and 
Margaret Winstanley, my servants, the sum of Twenty pounds 
apiece for mourning, and to the rest of my men and maid- 
servants that shall have lived with me one year at the time of 
my decease, and be then in my service, I give one year's wages 
each, over and above all such wages as shall be due to them. 
Item, I give to the said John Butcher my wearing apparel 
and shoe buckles, if he shall be in my service at the time of 
my decease ; and I give my wearing linen unto the said Mar- 
garet Winstanley on the same condition. Item, I give and 
bequeath to the said Thomas Thurston all my Library and 
Books at Sudborne and elsewhere. All the rest and residue 
of my personal Estate of what nature or kind soever I give 
and bequeath to the said Thomas Thurston and Robert Moxon, 
their executors and administrators, under the same Trusts and 
for the same purposes to which I have before subjected my 
reall Estate, devised to be sold by them, and the overplus 
thereof, if any, to be divided equally, share and share alike, 
between the said Thomas Thurston and Robert Moxon. But 
if the same shall be deficient for the payment of my funeral, 

1 No sum is mentioned in the original will. 



14 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

and other incident expenses, and of the above legacies thereout 
by me given, I will that the same shall be charged upon and 
paid out of the money arising by. the sale of my reall Estates 
devised by me to be sold, and I do nominate, constitute, and 
appoint the said Thomas Thurston and Kobert Moxon to be 
Executors of this my last will, and I desire that my funeral 
may be decent, but as private and with as little expense as 
may be consistent therewith ; and I do give to the poor of the 
parish where I shall dye the sum of Five pounds, to be dis- 
tributed amongst them immediately after my decease, in such 
manner as my said executors shall think proper. And, Lastly, 
I doe hereby revoke all former and other wills heretofore 
by me made, and declare this to be my last will and testa- 
ment. In witness whereof I have to the first two sheets 
hereof set my hand, and to the third and last sheet my hand 
and seal, the thirtieth day of November, one thousand seven 
hundred and forty-seven. TT 

Signed, sealed, published, and declared by the said Pryce, 
Lord Viscount Hereford, as his last Will and Testament, in 
the presence of us, who, in the presence and at the request of 
the said Testator, have subscribed our names as witnesses 
thereto, James Ligum, Thomas Clarke, and William Harnard. 

I, the within named Price, Lord Viscount Hereford, do give 
and bequeath the sum of one thousand pounds to Kobert Price, 
my nephew, to be paid him within six months next after the 
sale of my reall Estate within mentioned, and my will and desire 
is that this Codicil be deemed and taken to be part and parcell 
of my last will and Testament, which in all other respects I do 
hereby certify and confirm. In witness whereof I have here- 
unto set my hand and seal this seventeenth day of May, one 
thousand seven hundred and forty-eight. 

HEREFORD. 

Signed, sealed, published, and declared by the said Pryce, 
Lord Viscount Hereford, as and for a codicil to his last Will 
and Testament in the presence of us, who, in the presence and 
at the request of the said Testator, have subscribed our names 
as witnesses hereunto, Thomas Clarke, Robert Duffin, and 
John Rickard. 

Proved at London, with Codicil annexed, the twenty-second 
day of August, one thousand seven hundred and forty-eight, 
by the oath of Thomas Thurston and Eobert Moxon, the 
Executors in the said will mentioned. 

[The value of the Estate is not declared in the record of 
Probate in the Search Room.] 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 15 



PAEISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

Wills previously printed. 

1624 Edward Owen of Llanbrynmair (Rhiwsaeson) 

Mont. Coll., vol. xxii, p. 41 

1641 Henry Owen of Rhiwsaeson p. 42 

1 702 Morgan Lloyd of Caelan vol. xix, p. 314 

Will of EVAN AP REES of Llanbrynmair ; made 10th May 1621 ; 
proved 19th November 1621. 

Testator covenanted with Evan ap Hughe of Llanwnog to 
give him on his marriage with testator's natural daughter, Jane 
leu'n, the sum of 43 6s. 8d., subject to certain conditions ; if 
she died within 2 years of the marriage without issue, one 
half the sum should be forgiven and not demanded ; if the sum 
had been paid it was to be restored. Testator then directs the 
mode and dates by which the sum should be paid to Evan ap 
Hugh, and in a subsequent clause mentions the sums of money 
to be paid to divers persons for his son-in-law, Edward levan, 
and instructs his executors to demand and sue for the amounts, 
(here follow a list of debts due to and by testator). Among the 
names mentioned as owing sums are Morris Owen, Esq., Evan 
ap Rees ap Thomas, John Tylsley. To daughter Mary, wife of 
Edward levan, testator devised a cow ; to wife Margarett, 
verch Thomas, testator devised lease and his interest in a 
tenement wherein he then lived, during her widowhood. Resi- 
due of effects to be divided into 3 parts, one of which he 
devised to his wife, the other two for his five youngest children. 

Executors. John Evans, eldest son, and James ap Rees, 
natural brother. 

Overseers. David Morgan Howell and John Morgan, ll'nn 
ap Gwillim. 

Witnesses. James ap Rees, David Morgan Howell, John 
Morgan, Ll'nn ap gwillim, Evan ap Hughe, Richard Crother, 
Jenkyn John, Morice ap John. 



Will of ROGER DIGMORE, Llanbrynmair ; made 31st December 
1640 ; proved 7th June 1641. 

To be buried with Christian buriall in Llanbrinmair ; to- 
wards the reparation of the church thereof, 5s. 

To the poor for ever, the interest of 10, the said money to 
be put at interest by the Overseers, namely, David Morgan 
Howell, John Morgan Howell, William Brees of ffreath, and 



16 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

William Brees of Havodwen, and soe successively at the 
decease of these or any of them by the new Overseers, chosen 
by the consent of the parish vicar and wardens thereof. 

To my natural brother, John Digmore, 5 ; to his son David, 
5 ; to each of William Wood's 7 children, 40s. ; to the 4 
youngest children of Morgan D'd ap Owens, 20s. each; to 
Elizabeth Roger, widow, 40s.; to her daughters, Jane and 
Margaret Jones, 10s. each ; to David Jones, 5 ; to Hugh 
Jones, 40s., if he come within 3 years for them, otherwise the 
said sum to be paid to his aforesaid sisters, Jane and Margaret. 
To my god-son, Mathewe Glace, 5s. ; to Morgan Bate, 5 ; 
to Henry Bate, the elder son of the said Morgan, 7 ; to 
Jonett Bate, 5 ; to the younger son of the said Morgan, 20s. ; 
to Richard, son of Thomas Crowther, 20s. William Wood the 
elder, sole executor. 

Witnesses. Rich'd Bate, Moris Bebbe, Hugh Mores Edwards, 
clerJce, John Wms. 

List of sums owing to testator ; among other names men- 
tioned are the following : Morgan ap D'd ap Owen, John 
Tybbotts the younger, Bartholomewe Parocke, David Evan 
Morris, Morris David ap Llandisull, William Bubbe, John 
Robert of Carno. 



PARISH OP LLANDINAM. 

Wills previously printed. 

1608 Hugh Jones of Trewithen, Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 173 
1629 Thomas Morris of Llandinam ,, ,, p. 180 

1637 Edward Morris of Llandinam p. 181 



Will of EuAiN 1 AP THOMAS DAVID BENLLOW of Llandinam; 
made 24th August 1609 ; proved 22nd November 1611. 

To the poor of Llandinam, 3s. 4d ; to his three nieces, 
Katherine, Margaret, and Ellen, daughters of John ap Thomas 
ap David Benllow, testator's brother, lately deceased, 10s. 
each ; to John Owen, son of Owen ap Edward of Llandinam, 
" which John is my god-sone", 10s.; the said legacies to be 
paid out of a sum of 10 due to testator by John ap leu'n of 
Gwesteed and Howell ap leu'n. To his brother, Richard ap 

1 See the will of his great-grandfather, leu'n Goch Benlloid of 
" Llanllochairne", dated 26th April, 38 Henry VIII. " len Goz ben 
Lloid" witnesses a grant of lands at " Vaynor Ugch, in the parish of 
the New Towne", 23 Hen. VIII, 1532, (Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 368.) 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 17 

Thomas David Benllow, 8, out of the same ; also 36s. 8d. 
due to testator by Evan ap David ap Gruffith of Maiese 
Mawer. Residue to his brother, Richard ap Thomas ap David 
Benllow, whom he nominated his sole executor. 

Witnesses. Howell ap leu'n of Gwesteed and Arthur Vaug- 
han of Newton, Scr. 



Will of JOHN THOMAS of Llandinam ; made 20th September 
1605 ; proved 2nd June 1606. 

To be buried " in lie yr eglwis vraith". 

To son Richard ap John, 20, also a tenement in Dithienth 
called y Tyddyn, ynnant yr hoogh ; to daughters Katherine 
and Margaret, 20 between them ; to Mary, wife, and Ellen, 
daughter, 8 kine ; to brother Richard ap Thomas, 2 heifers ; 
to Katherine, dau., 1 heifer; to daughter Margaret, 10 ewes. 

To Richard, son, 4 oxen and 2 two-year-old bullocks ; various 
other bequests of stock and household stuff to same persons. 
Son Richard, John, and wife, ex'ors. 

Overseers. Over my son, Edward and Phillip ap Richard ; 
over my wife and daughter Margaret, Richard lloyde and 
Thomas Blaney ; over Katherine, Howell ap leu'n and Anne 
his wife. 

Witnesses. Phillip ap Richard, Edward ap Richard, Griffith 
Roberts, M'dith Griffiths, Watkin ap Robert. 



Will of JOHN KINSIE of Llandinam; made 31st May 1619 ; 
proved 16th November 1619. 

One half of a tenement which testator held under lease for a 
term of years from Edward Owen, gent., he devised to his son 
Edmond, the other to Anne, testator's wife, and to her son 
Robert; a tenement which he also held from one John Young 
he similarly devised ; if testator's wife married, her share went 
to Robert, her son (he considering her a reasonable portion 
rateablie for it) ; to Edmond, also, a bay horse, and half his 
implements of husbandry, also 2 bullocks. To eldest son, 
Thomas, 1 testator devised 20 ; to son William, a red cow, 8 
wethers, and 7 ewes, also one black bullock four years old; to 
son John, "3 3s. Qd. (which he oweth me) and a yearling 
heifer to his two sons; " to son Moris, all that he oweth me"; 
to daughter Margerie, 21 wethers, in the custody of her 

1 See the will of " Thomas Kinsey of Llandinam", 1623. 
VOL. XXIV. C 



] 8 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

brother Moris, " keeping at bargaine"; to daughter Maude, 2 
heifers. 

To David ap John and David Ingram, each a sheep. Residue 
to wife and four children, share and share alike. 

Executors. Ann, wife, and Robert, son. 

Overseers. Edward Bennett and Thomas Kinsie. 

Witnesses. David Price, Nicholas Bennett, Thomas Kinsie, 
and John Kynsie. 

Will of THOMAS KINSEY of Llandinam ; made 23rd May 1623 ; 
proved 4th September 1623. 

To be buried in the church or churchyard of Llandinam. 

"I give and devise to Lewes Bowen, beenge now authorised 
to read Divine service at the chapell, xviijcf."; to Deddgy, vz. 
Lewes, ' ' one yewe"; to Margarett, vz. Morgan, " one yewe". 
To Thomas Kinsey, nephew, 8s. ; to the three daughters of 
Lewes ap leu'n, 3 sheep ; to nephew, Peter Kinsy, 3 sheep ; 
to Raph Bowckett, reputed grandchild, a yearlinge colte ; to 
godson, Thomas M'dd, a 3-year-old filly ; to Margerie, my 
wife, a horse and black nag, also a " third part of the rest of 
his horses, mares, and wild caples", the other two parts to be 
divided among my six sons, John, Thomas, David, Robert, 
Edward, and Hugh. 

To son Thomas testator devised a messuage and lands 
wherein Roland Wossencraft, deceased, did live, situate in the 
township of Dethyenith, parish of Llandinam, and in the then 
occupation of David Rowlands, and to his heirs and assigns for 
ever, to be held of the lord in fee with the usual rents and 
services, reserving the right to his son Hugh to take yearly for 
his life from the woods on the said messuage "fower oxe-car 
lodes of trowse". To David, third son, a messuage and lands 
lately purchased by testator from one John Fletcher, lying in 
the township of Llandinam, parish of Llandinam, in the occu- 
pation of Christopher Knight, and to his heirs and assigns for 
ever ; also a parcel of land held in mortgage by testator, the 
property of Mores Jones, gent., situate in the same township, 
and called or known by the name of Gwene y close. 

To Robert, fourth son, a messuage and lands then lately 
occupied by William Bowne Schrode, in the township of Deth- 
ienyth, "being now in mortgage for 30; to one John Bennett 
as assignee thereof to one John Wilson"; also to the said 
Robert certain parcels of land known by the names of Llwyn 
bryn hesklyn and Tyr Evangz, on condition that he paid 
testator's son Edward 10. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. ] 9 

To son Edward, two parcells of land, lately purchased by me 
from John Yonge of Worcester, gent. 1 ; also two parcels of 
land called Y dole and Gwarth y pedwarthor, and one house 
standing on that parcell of land culled " Y dole", all in the 
township of Dethienith. 

To said son Edward, and Hugh, youngest son, a messuage 
of lands in the same township, in the possession of Thomas ap 
Rees goz., culled Y ty myse, mortgaged to testator by Edward 
Owen, gent. ; if the premises be redeemed, the mortgage to be 
equally divided. 

To Margery, his wife, the lease of the premises wherein he 
dwelt, which he held from John Yonge, gent., for her life, at 
the reserved rent. If John, 2 eldest son, survived testator's 
wife, he was to have the reversion in the unexpired term. 

To Ann, only daughter, 60 ; to son Robert, 30 ; to John 
Hamont, grandchild, 3 ; to Jane, vz. Rees, grandchild, 3 ; 
to John, eldest son, 20 ; to Margaret, daughter of son John, 
one lamb. 

Executrix. Wife Margerie, to whom he devised the residue, 
Brother-in-law John Wilson, and my "aliesman", 3 Robert 
Wilson, overseers. Among other names mentioned are John 
Hamer, Jane, vz. Rees, and Ann Kinsey, grandchildren. 

Lists of moneys owing by and to testator follow. 

Witnesses. John Wilson, junior, Robert Wilson, John 
Wilson th'elder, William Greenewood, 4 Rees ap William, 
David Waynwright, Edward Whelden, 5 Hugh Pova. Testa- 
tor's marke, X. 

Will of EDWARD AP RICHARD of Llandinam, gentleman ; made 
17th July 1623 j proved 29th January 1623-4. 

Towards reparation of Llandinam Church, 6s. ; to the poor 
there, 5s. To his brother, Moris ap Richard, and his heirs, a 

1 He was the second son of John Yonge of the More, in the 
parish of Lydham, by Mawd, daughter of Oliver Lloyd of Harring- 
ton. 

2 "Johes Kinsie de Dythyenith, Hundred of Llanidloes, gent.", 
appears on the grand jury list of 10th Charles I, 1635, and 23rd 
Charles I, 1647. 

3 A relative by marriage only. 

4 See the will of " William Greenewood of Llandinam", 1624. 

5 Probably the " Edward Wild'ne of Llandinam", whose will (1635) 
appears below. 

6 Hugh Pova of Llangurig, aged 60 in 1631, was bailiff of the 
hundred of Llauidloes in 1629. 

2 



20 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

messuage and lands situate in the township of Maiesmaui'e, in 
the occupation of Richai'd ap Thomas ; all the rest of his lands 
and tenements in Llandinam, first to brother Hugh ap 
Richard for life, then to Edward, son and heir of Hugh, and his 
heirs; in default, to Evan, second son of Hugh ; in default, to 
the right heirs of Edward for ever. To Bridget, sister, 5 ; to 
rny father, Richard Evan, 5. 

Brother Hugh, executor. My well-beloved kinsman, Jenkin 
Mores of Maesmaure, 1 gent., and Richard Arneway 2 of Llan- 
dinam, gent., overseers. 

Witnesses. David Roberts, die., Row. Pughe, Jo. Morrice, 
Rich. Pughe, William Pughe, John Pugh, Lodovick Lewis, with 
others. 



Will of WILLIAM GREENEWOOD of Llandinam ; made 31st 
January 1624-5: proved 1st July 1625. 

To be buried in the parish church of Llandinam, or else some 
other church, in Christian burial. To George Marple, son-in- 
law, the lease of the messuage where testator dwelt in, which 
he held from one Lewis Gwyn, deceased, and now under 
David Blayney, gent., or his assigns, commonly known by the 
name of bryn or hanod, in the township of Dethenyeth. 

To Ann, my wedded wife, and John Perks, my son-in-law, 
all my corn and grain, to be equally divided between them, 
conditionally that John Perks paid testator's wife 20s. towards 
the first year's rent. To Ann testator devised the household 
stuff and implements he had with her "in parte of marriage 
goodes"; to Jane, grandchild, daughter of John Perks, a feather 
bed and clothes ; to Ann, wife, half of the residue of household 
stuff, implements, etc. ; the other half to the children of John 
Perkes, namely, Jane, Anne, William, Edward, and John 
Perkes, share and share alike. To Ann, wife, half of all his live 
stock ; to the children of John Perkes, as before, certain specific 
bequests of cattle, sheep, and horses. To his grandchildren, 
children of David Griffith, a bequest of 2 kyne in the custody 
of Mary, late wife of ffrauncis Greenewood, which two kine 

1 Jenkin ap Maurice ap Owen of Maesmawr, Llandinam. His 
daughter Elen married Lodowick Lewis, one of the witnesses. (Lewys 
Dwun's Vis., p. 89, reprint.) 

2 " John Arneway, sonne of Eichard Arneway of Maesmawr, Llan- 
dinam, in the county of Montgomery, gent., was found dead in the 
riven Severn, near Caersws Bridge, the 7th November last," 17th 
James I, 1619. (Mont. Coll., vol. vi, p. 273 ; see note 4.) 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 21 

testator sett and bargained with ffrauneis in his lifetime, for 3 
years, on condition that ffrauucis should rear all the increase 
during the terra, and in the end deal and divide the said 
increase between testator and him ; these testator also devised 
to his above-said grandchildren, children of David Griffith ; and 
the said David testator directed should at his death " take 
the marke (with which the cattle were branded) and property 
of the said kyne and increase to his children's use and behalf, 
for that the said ffrauneis nor Marye did noe further covenant 
or bargain in the kyue". To William and Thomas Marple, sons 
of George, 20s. each. 

Executrix. Wife Ann. 

Overseers. John Perks and John Wilson the younger. 

Witnesses. Griffith Pearce, Thomas Astley, James Griffith, 
David Griffith, John Wilson the younger. 

[This will exhibits the terms on which cattle were farmed 
out to keep ; it also shows that the mark or brand on horn 
(or burnt in the skin) was recognised as the right of a person, 
and even could be willed.] 



Will of EDWAKD WniLD'NE 1 of Llandinam ; made llth February 
1635-6 ; proved 2nd May 1637. 

To be buried in the Church or Churchyard of Llandinam. 

1 hereby give and bequeathe 5s. towards the providing of a 
Common Booke for the Chapell of Banhadloche. 

To wife Katherme, and daughters Ann and Margaret, testator 
devised his interest in a term of years to come, of and in the 2 
tenements he then occupied, called Theythen Eskervedowe and 
Thy then Llangrowch, in the township of Detheneyth, the parish 
of Llandinam, leased under Wythen Jones, gent. Also to his 
two daughters 25 each, when they attained the age of 14; 
meantime the 50 to be paid to his brother, Robert Wildne, 
nephew William David, nephew John Watson, and brother-in- 
law Nicholas Edwards. 

To daughters Ann and .Margaret testator also bequeathed 
specific articles of household stuff, as well as live stock ; among 
the former, " one iron grate and a saltboxe", to be retained by 
his wife for life and then to go to Anne. 

Testator varied these legacies by a bequest to a supposititious 
posthumous child; in case of no heirs of testator's body surviving, 
he bequeathed his property above to the children of his brotheV 

1 Wildne. This is Whil<h<e in the List. There is little doubt it 
is an abbreviation of Whildine. 



22 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

and sisters, share and share alike. To his brother Robert he 
bequeathed his cloke and boots. Residue to wife in lieu of her 
thirds appointing her executrix. 

Overseers. Brother Robert Wild'ne, nephew William David, 
John Watson, nephew, Edward Nicholas, nephew, and others, 
Thomas Nicholas, Bro.-in-Law, and others. 

Among persons owing testator soms of money the following 
names occur: Wythen Jones, Esq., Jenkin John, John Thomas 
ap Evan Vaughan, Richard Moris, Edward Harbert, John Wat- 
son, Lewis Bowen, Nicholas David, father-in-law. 

Witnesses. John Watson, John Wilson. 



Will of THOMAS AP OWEN, Llandinam ; made 13th October 1636; 
proved 13th February 1636-7. 

Christian burial. 2s. 6d. to the poor. To David Roberts, 1 
Vicar of the parish, 10s. ; to Brother Meredith ap Owen, 40s. 
for life, to be paid out of the rent of the messuage where tes- 
tator lived, in the township of Dethienith. To John Thomas, 
20s. 

The said messuage, lands, etc., testator devised to his brother 
William ap Owen for life, and after to Thomas, son of William, 
and his lawful heirs; in default, to Elizabeth, daughter of Wil- 
liam, and her lawful heirs; in default, to Mary, another daughter; 
in default, to testator's right heirs for ever. To Meredithe ap 
John of Dethienith, SO/?. ; to Katherine, vz. John my servant, 
2 sheep ; to 5 of the children of Richard Hamer, a sheep each ; 
to 3 of the children of Evan ap Owen of Carneth, a sheep 
each ; to Morris, testator's brother, 5 sheep ; to 3 of the child- 
ren of Matthew ap John, a sheep each. To Ann, wife of 
David Thomas of Moughtree, 10s. ; to Hugh ap John, 2s. 6d. 

Executor. Brother, William ap Owen. 

Overseers. Meredith Lewes and Hugh ap Rees of Dethie- 
nith. 

Witnesses. Lodowike Lewis, David John D'd ap holl, X, 
William Price, Moris Lewes. 

1 " S'r David Robert, Vickar of Llandinam", is mentioned by Lewys 
Dwnn (p. 19, reprint} as the son of Robert ap Morice ap Evan ap 
Howel ap Meredith, of the family of Cilvach Y Rew, Llauwnog. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 23 



PARISH OF LLANDISILIO. 

Will of THOMAS LLOYD of Doragay, Esq.; made 28th March 
1739 ; proved 3rd June 1746. 

To his kinsman, Morgan Edwards of Melin-y-grug, Esq., 
testator's property in Burgedin, Trefnanuey, Russnant, and 
Haughton, upon trust, to the uses hereafter mentioned that 
is, to the use of testator's wife, Susannah Lloyd, for life; after, 
to the use of the said Morgan Edwards, to preserve the con- 
tingent remainders ; and after the death of testator's wife, to 
his brother-in-law, Brochwell Griffiths of Shrewsbury, Esq., for 
a term of 500 years, upon the trusts, etc., first to the use of 
testator's elder daughter, Jane Lloyd, and the heirs of her 
body lawfully to be begotten; in default, to younger daughter 
Mary and to her heirs, as before. Testator, exercising a power 
vested in him in his marriage settlement, charged the tene- 
ments, limited to his late mother, Mary Lloyd, deceased, with 
200, for his younger daughter Mary, as part of her portion. 
Testator further charged the premises assigned to his brother- 
in-law, Brochwell Griffith, for a term of 500 years, with the sum 
of 300, as a further portion for his younger daughter Mary. 
. Testator excluding his " Chatel leases" from his personalty, 
devised them to Brochwell Griffiths in trust; testator's wife 
to enjoy them for her life, after the same to always attend and 
wait on the freehold and inheritance of testator's capital de- 
mesne in Domgay ; also to his daughter Mary, a further legacy 
of 500 ; to testator's sister, Elizabeth Jones, 20 ; to sister 
Jane Pocock, widow, of Shrewsbury, and Catherine Jones of 
Llanycil, 5 each; to nephew and godson Thomas Jones, 5s. if 
lie demand it ! To 10 poor people in Llaudisilio parish, 20s. each 
to clothe them ; selection of persons left to his executrix, 
Susannah, his dear wife. 

Witnesses. Edw. Davies, John Bedows, Rich. Williams. 



Quit Claim. (1587.) 

Between Griffin ap Lleu'n of Rhandregynwyn, yeoman, and 
Jevan ap Richard of Domgey, gentleman, both of the county 
of Montgomery. Griffin ap Lleu'n, moved by diverse good 
causes and considerations, releases and quitclaims to Jevan ap 
Richard one croft or parcel of land called Pen-y-Kae Banad!, 
containing by estimation three acres of arable land, situate in 
the township of Rhandregynwyn, and lying between lands of 
David ap John ap Rees, David Vaughan ap Richard and 



24 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Katherine his wife, on the one part, and lands of Richard ap 
Richard alias Griffith on the other, and in length extending 
from the lands of the aforesaid Jevan ap Richard as far as the 
lands of Robert ap Thomas ; also one selion of land, containing 
two hobbets of land lying in the same place, called y-Ddole, 
between lands formerly belonging to Robert Jones, Cleric, on 
the one part, and lands of Lewis ap David on the other part, 
abutting upon a rivulet there called Y Verne ; also two selions 
of land, containing by estimation one acre of land, lying in a 
certain pasture there called " Y tir gwernocke", between the 
lands of the aforesaid Jevan ap Richard on the one part and 
lands formerly of Geoffrey Penryn, deceased, on the other, and 
one selion containing one " Modus seminacionis terre", lying 
and being in a parcel of land called Errwr y skawen, between 
lands formerly belonging to Jevan ap Lleu'n on the further 
part, which premises I, the aforesaid Jevan ap Richard, had of 
the gift and concession of the aforesaid Jevan ap Lleu'n. 

Witnesses. Geffrey Richards, John Geffreys, William Cad'- 
der, Thorn's ap Owen, Thorn's Davies, William ap Jennij. 

A 'Marriage Settlement. (Dated 3rd February 159jj.) 
Lewis Davies [called in other deeds Lewis ap David] of 
Rharidregynwyn, Gent., for diverse good causes and considera- 
tions him specially moving, gives and confirms to Thomas 
Lloyd of Domgay gentleman, and Lewis ap Richard of Domgay, 
yeoman, all his messuages and lands situate in the townships 
of Rhandregynwyn and Russnant, co. Montg. (except one field 
called Kae Karwarthe), to hold the same messuages and lands 
to the uses of the aforesaid Lewis Davies for his natural life, 
and after to the use of William Lewis, son and heir apparent 
of the said Lewis Davies, and the heirs of the body of the said 
William begotten on the body of Margarete, verch Humfrey, 
whom he was about to marry; failing, to the right heirs of the 
said Lewys Davies for ever. 

Seal Broken. Signed p' LOD. DAVIES. 

Witnesses 

Jefferey ap Dauid, Rees ap Jenij, 

Dauid ap Dauid, Richard ap William, 

Teste Griffino Lloyd, Griffith ap David ap (?), 

Teste Gr. Owen, Dauid ap Richard, 

et olios. 

[This and the preceding document are translations from the 
original Latin deeds in the possession of E. Rowley-Morris, 
Esq.] 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 25 



PARISH OF LLANDRINIO. 

Will of GRIFFITH AP THOMAS AP MORRIS of Llandrinio; made 
13th April 1591 ; proved 7th February 1592. 

To be buried within the parish church of Llandrinio. To 
his neare kinsman, one Humfry ap Morgan, testator bequeathed 
the lease of divers lands he held under William Penrhin, 
Esquier ; also a lease held from Robert Lloyd of Trewylan, 
paying the chief rents on them, and for the first six years a 
sum of 20.. yearly to Richard Griffith, a base son of testator's. 
To Wm. ap John ap Mores testator left one parcel of land 
which he held of W. Penryn, Esquier, for the term of six 
years, on condition that the said William ap John ap Morris 
shall erecte and builde upon the said parcell of lande the 
timber whiche lye in the meadow by the Bridge called Pont 
yr Rhaim, and the house which I have erected in the Rhayme 
wood to be removed and erected upon the said closure of 
Land, upon the onely cost and charges of the said William ap 
John ap Morris, in consideration for which testator also left 
him for three years a croft of land called Kae Hopkins. He 
left leases of other lands, held under Jeffrey ap ll'en ap Rynallt 
the elder, to Humfrey ap John ap David ap Griffith, Griffith 
ap John, and Jeffrey ap William, to be divided between them 
for the unexpired term. 'Testator left many other persons 
legacies of cattle, sheep, household stuff, etc. 

Rynold (or Richard) Griffith, son, executor. 

Overseers. David ap Griffith of Halchton, and .... 

Witnesses. Thomas Jeffreys, John ap David ap Griffith, 
Hugh ap David, Griffith ap John ap David ap leu'ns. 

Teste Will' mo Jeffrey, Cl'ico. 

Will of LAURENCE AUSTEN of Llandrinio ; made 1st Dec. 1594 ; 
proved 29th January 1594-5. 

To Mary, his eldest daughter, testator bequeathed all his 
own rights in certain lands, messuages, burgages, or tene- 
ments of which his father then " estated", as appeared by a 
copy of the Court Roll of the Lordship or Manor of Whit- 
church, in the co. of Salop. To his own wife, Jane, testator 
bequeathed 40, " payable to me by Matthew Gogh, my bro.- 
in-law, now present, and by hym confessed from one John 
Baker, gent., about Midsummer next." To Katherine, daugh- 
ter, 1(5; to Marie, eldest daughter, 11 15s.; to Mary, all 



26 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

such brasse and pewter as was her mother's, and one feather 
bed ; to an expected child, 12. To sister Elizabeth's five 
children, each a weanling calf; to Joyce Howie, daughter to 
sister Jane, a yearling heifer ; to father, 10s. Residue to 
wife Jane, whom he appointed sole executrix, and my loving 
brother-in-law, John Howies, Clerke, and Mathewe Goghe, 
overseers of the same. 

Witnesses. Thomas Broughton, Edward Goughe, William 
Howie and Jane his wife, Matthew Goghe, Rafe Marston, 
John Loker. 



Will of WILLIAM CADWALLADER, of the parish of Llandrinio ; 
made the 18th July 1597 ; proved 12th May 1601. 

Body to be buried in the parish church of Llandrinio, at the 
discretion of his executors, kinsmen, and friends. 

Testator bequeathed the messuage wherein he lived, situ- 
ated in the township of Llandrinio, with orchards and land, to 
his wife Barbara, vz. Richard, one pasture, called " Kayye 
personne", containing six acres ; one meadow, called Gweir- 
gloddy Uillian, two acres ; and two acres of arable land in a 
field called " Maes yr hirdir", to hold the same for her life ; 
after her death to his godson, William ap John David, and 
his heirs and assigns for ever ; to his wife, also, two closures, 
containing by estimation four acres, lately enclosed out of the 
commons and waste groundes of the Lordship or Manor of 
Deyddwr, purchased by testator from !S r Henry Bromley, 
Knight, to her for life, then to William ap John David, as 
before ; to his wife, also, " 2 closures of landes", one called y 
Kay yn y dawdd, held by lease from Geofferie ap LPen ap 
Rynold and Gwen his wife, "for certain years yet enduring", 
the other called Kay yr goe al's Gweirglodd maes yr hirdir, 
held under lease from Geffry Richard and Katherine his 
wife; to his wife for the term of lease; to his wife, several 
parcels of land called Maes yr hendre, Maes y Llan, and 
Maes y Birder, held under lease from Thomas app William 
and Gwen his wife, for a term of years ; to his wife for the 
term unexpired. He left all the rest of his lands and tene- 
ments situate in the several townships of Llandrinio, Tre- 
dderwen Vibion Gwnwas, Rysnant, or elsewhere, unto the 
said William ap John, his heirs and assigns for ever, subject 
to the payment of several legacies. Also testator directed that 
Richard Otley, gent., should occupy and enjoy two " selions" 
of lands in a certain closure of lands late the lands of William 
ap Thomas, lying and beinge in the Rhaym, until such time 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 27 

as the said William ap John, his executors or administrators, 
shall pay the said Richard Otley 5, "if the said Richard Otley 
shall deliver, or cause to be delivered unto me, the said William 
Cadwallader, or to my Ex'ors, upon reasonable request on 
bill obligac'on of fortie-three shillinges fower pence, wherein 
I stand bounde to one Henrye Calcott, deceased, or if he shall 
procure sufficient acquittance or discharge to me or my execu- 
tors for the same, the debt beinge longe since paide." 

Testator directed that Jevan ap David should occupy and 
enjoy 3 Selions of lands arrable, containing about two acres 
of land, lying in Kae Hopkin, in the township of Llandrinio, 
until the said W. ap John should pay 5. " Item, as I have 
bought and purchased the 4 acres of land beforemenc'oned of 
Henry Bromley, Knight, and a Cottage and about one hoope 
seednes of Landes thereunto adioynynge, and a littel parcel of 
land adioninge to a weste place, and a certain pasture lying 
in Rhaym aforesaide, with a hempe yarde or backside next 
adioininge to my now dvvellinge house, being all in the Lot of 
Deyddur and Countie of Montgomery. My will is that the 
said Henry Bromley, Knight, shall assure and Convey the 
same to the said William ap John and his heirs, etc., except- 
ing the former bequest of four acres, with the hempyard and 
backside, to my wife." Testator then bequeathes household 
stuff to his nieces, Katherin vz. Humfrey and fflorance vz. 
humfrey, daughters to Humfrey ap Ll'en ap Meredith. To 
John ap Humfrey, nephew, "my best brass pott, which I had 
of iny ffather"; to his 3 servant-maids, 13s. 4d. each; to 
Humfrey Lewis, 13s. 4<i ; to Samuell ap William, 5s. Testator 
also bequeathed to William ap John ap David " my timber 
trees lyinge and beinge in the severall Townshipps of Rysnant, 
Llanerchkeela, Collfrin, and Tredderwen Veybion Gwnwas". 

Residue of goods and cattle, corn and hay, to Barbara, wife ; 
to my nephew, Richard ap Thomas, 6, William, 6, and John 
ap Thomas, 4; to Jaspar ap Thomas, 4; to Hugh ap 
Humfrey ap Llewelyn (nephew), 5; to John ap Humfrey ap 
Ll'en, 5 ; and to William ap John, his sonne, and my god- 
sonne, 5 ; to Katheren and fflorence, nieces, 5 each ; to 
Thomas ap humfrey ap ll'en, 3 ; to Marrett vz. Cadd'r, my 
sister, 3 ; to Marg't, my sister, 40s., to the use of my 
daughters ; to Griffith ap Oliver, nephew, 3 ; Elizabeth vz. 
Oliver, my niece, 3 ; to Evan ap David, nephew, 3. " To 
Thomas ap William, my supposed base sonne, 3"; to Katheriu 
vz. Oliver, 40s. 

Towards the repairs of Llandrinio Church, 5s., and 3s. 4tZ. to 
the poor of the said parish, and 2s. towards repairing the 



28 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Rhaym bridge; to Marretfc vz. Cadd'r, yearly for life, 3 
Bushels of rye, Poole measure. 

Executor. William ap John ap David ; " my deere frendes, 
Richard Griffithes, and John Reignolds, gent., overseers." 

Here follow lists of debts due to and from testator. 

Witnesses. Richard Corbett, William Evans, Robert ap 
David ap Evan, John Davies. 



Will of WILLIAM MBESON of Llandrinio, co. Montgomery; 
dated 1st June 1603 ; proved 9th November 1603. 

To be buried in p'h ch. of Llandi-inio. Left 6s. 8d. to 
repair church; 13s. 4d. to the poor of the parish. To wife 
Barbara (sole exec'x) all his lands, goods, and chattels in co. 
Montgom'y, and all due to him ; chattels in his house at Llan- 
driuio. Among sums due to him was 4 19s. 9tZ., which " one 
Maister Richard Harbert of the Park ovvith to me for mault ; 
9s. which Katherine Harbert oweth me." Among debtors, 
" William Evans of the Poole, 40s." Among creditors are 
"Doctor William Persor of Llandrinio,Tlioinas Loucas, Theire," 
Ffoolke Meeson, my father, brother George, brother John. 

1 give my living and all my goods in Meeson, co. Sallop, 
with all his rights as Ex'r to his father, Ffoulke Meeson, to 
his mother absolutely. Brother George to act as executor of 
goods if wife refuses. 

Witnesses. Hurnfrey ap William, Ric's Vachan, Bennett 
Price, Hugh Morris. 

Will of THOMAS AP JEVAN of Llandrynyo ; made 20th April 
1610 ; proved 5th June 1610. 

Bodie to be buried in the " Chauncell of Llandrynyo". To 
David ap Rosser of Llanbadarn Fawr, Radnor, he left 20 ; to 
John Thomas of the same parish, 3, and other sums ; to Hop- 
kyn Jones, 4 8s. ; to sister Elen, verch Jevan, a cow ; to 
nephew Thomas ap David, 5 ; to John David, my brother's 
eldest son, 20 marks ; to John Thomas, 4 12s. ; to Sara 
Baker, daughter of John Baker of Merdye, 10 ; to sister 
Elen's 4 daughters, 40s. each ; to sister Jane's son and daugh- 
ter, 3s. ; to leu'n ap Rosser, sister Elline's son, 5s. ; to Lucie 
Carver, servant to Alexander Wood, gent., 20s. ; other small 
bequests to relatives. To the poor of Llanbadarn fawr, 20s. ; 
to the poor of Llandrinio, 10s. ; to Mr. George Sandford, 20s. ; 
4 for funeral expenses to William Allen, 13s. 4d. to buy him 
the outside of a doublet. Other bequests to friends ; and " Item, 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 29 

I give to John Baker, rny master, for making this my last 
will and testament, 20s."; residue to his executor. He ap- 
pointed his " olde Mr. John Baker of Merdy' n sole executor. 

Witnesses. William Allen, Richard Collen, Cadd'er ap 
leu'n. 



Will of GRIFFITH AP REYNOLD, Llandrinio ; made 17th February 
1636-7 ; proved 9th May 1637. 

Christian burial. To John Derwas, gent., 20s., to buy him 
a colt ; to Margaret, wife of John Derwas, 3 ; to William 
and Griffith, two sons of John Derwas, 20s. each ; to Hugh ap 
Thomas, 40s. ; to Humphrey, his brother, 20s. ; to Richard, 
another brother, 10s. 

To Owen Penrin, 40s. ; to his 3 children, 20s. each ; to the 
5 children of ffrauncis Weelie, 20s. each ; towards my funeral 
charges, 5. 

Executor. Richard ap Evan of Colefryn. 

Witnesses. John Smallman, drc., Jeffrey Owen, Raphe ap 
Evan X, John Davie X, William Hamond. 



Will of HUGH PENRYN, Llandrinio ; made 2nd June 1646 ; 
proved 14th November 1646. 

Body to buried in " Trinity Chapel". To wife Elizabeth, 
20; to reputed son Robert, 10; to sister Gwenne Penryn, 
4 ; to brother John Penryn 20s. ; 40s. towards building or 
repairing bridge ; 40s. towards building or repairing 

of the bridge commonly called the Nowe (sic) bridge ; 20s. to 
the poor of Llandrinio ; 20s. to the poor of Llandisilio. To 
the maintenance of Trinity Chapel, 5. 

Testator mentioned that he had certain household stuff in 
the possession of his nephew, Edward Penryn of Llandrinio, 
gent., namely, a bedstead of joiner work, which cost 45s. 8cZ., 
" one great red brasse pan, one lesser, one great brasse pot, 
cost 28s., one lesser, cost 15s., I give to my niece, Mary Lloyd ; 
to my loving friend, Thomas Atkinson, clerk, for writing this 
my will, 20.s. To Richard and Martha, son and daughter of 
Randel and Mary Lloyd, 20s. each. Rest to Hugh Derwas and 
Humphrey Lloyd, gent., whom he nominated his executors. 

1 Mr. John Baker of " Maerdy in Deuthwr" was the second son of 
John Baker of Hanwood, Shropshire, whose pedigree is given in Lewys 
Dwnn's Visitations, reprint, p. 38. He married Ami, daughter of 
Francis Charlton. 



30 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



PARISH OF LLANDYSSIL. 

Will of RICHARD MAELOWN/ Parson, of Llan Dissull ; dated 
16th August 1527; proved 16th November 1528. 

Directed that his body should be buried in the parish church 
of Llan Dissall. Willed that there should be four torches and 
xvi tapers " to brenne about my body at the time of my 
buriall". Willed that both " bred and ale after the custome 
of the cuntree", every preeste and clerk to have iiijcL To the 
parish church of Lland Dissull he bequeathed xls. ; to the 
profite of the parishe to the chmx;h of Abegulde (? Bugaildu), 
vjs. viijVl, for reparac'on of same ; to Llan dewy Stradinne, 
iijs. iiijc?.-; to Kerry Church, vjs. viijc?. ; to Aberewe Church, 
vijs. viijd ; to the church of Mongoraery, xls. " I forgeve Oliver 
Ll'yd vjs. viijc?. of the money the which he laide the medowe 
to pledge of Bromhurst for"; also I bequeath to William ap 
John goz'e my house and my land jn Kayhowell, he paying to 
testator's executors 10. He left a charge on some other land, 
2s. a year, so that should be kept " oous in theyere an obite for 
my soule and all cristen soules"; the residue to John Wyn 
Maelgwn, sole executor. 

Witnesses. Sir John Reynolde, my ghostlie father, Dauid 
ap Thomas, Edward ap John goz'e, w't diverse others. 



Will of RICHARD RIDGWAY the elder, Llandyssil, Montgomery; 
made 3rd July 1594 ; proved 16th October 1594. 

To be buried in the parish church. Towards reparation of 
church, 3s. 4rf. ; to son William, the messuage and lands situated 
in Rhandir, in which the said William then lived, to hold until 



1 In the Accounts, 6th Henry VIII, 1514-15, of Sir Richard 
Herbert, Knight, Receiver for Montgomery, mention is made of " the 
salary of Richard Maelgwyn, chaplain of the castle there, in the 
exercise of his office this year, as is allowed in the preceding accounts 
and in the time of the said late king (Henry VII) as above, 40s. 
{Mont. Coll., vol. xxii, p. 13.) 

The family name, Maelgwyn, recurs in the persons of " Matthew ap 
Griffith Maelgwn", a witness to the will of John Pase (1547), Bailiff 
of Montgomery, with John ap Morris in 1514, and of his sou, 
" Howell ap Matthew ap Gruffyth Maelgwyn of Montgomery", men- 
tioned in the will of " William Meredith of Montgomery" (1589). 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 31 

such time as testator's son Richard 1 should pay to William or 
his executors the sum of 18 ; then, after payment, the said 
messuage to go to son Richard, to whom testator bequeathed 
all his other messuages situate, lying, and being within the 
parish of Llandussull, co. Montgomery ; Margaret, testator's 
wife, and her assigns, was to have, hold, occupie, and enjoy the 
third part of all and singular the premises aforesaid, as also the 
third part of all testator's other messuages, etc., as well land 
as mortgages, for the term of her natural life. Testator be- 
queathed to her one-third of all his goods, " cattells and chat- 
tells", movable and immovable ; also to his wife " all that 
one coffer or cheste called and termed to be her owne, togither 
with all treasure, goods, and other thinges w'ch now are within 
the same". To son William, the younger, he bequeathed " two 
kyne which are in the custody of David ap ho'el goz."; to son 
John, bequest of two bullocks or 5 markes and 2 shillings; to 
son William, the elder, two bullocks and a cow ; to Richard 
Redgway, the younger, all the rest, he paying debts, bequests, 
legacies, and funeral expenses. 

Sole executor. Son Richard. 

Overseer. John Barnes of Audlem, co. Chester. 

Testator also bequeathed to his wife, for her life, some mes- 
suages and lands lying in Swambetche, 2 co. of Chester. 

Witnesses. Humffrey ap gruff, Thorn's Bervvicke, Oliuer ap 
Dauid ap Robert, Thomas ap Jenij, William Whittinghame, 
Thomas Doonne. Edward hum. 



Will of RICHARD AP HUGH SMITH of Llandyssil ; made 24th 
February 1622-3 ; proved 7th August 1626. 

To St. Asaph Cathedral church, 12t7.; to Llandyssil church, 
]2d. ; to the poor there, 10.<?. 

All his tenements and lands in the parish of Llandyssil tes- 
tator devised to Gwenne, his wife, for life ; after to " my cosin" 

1 By Anne, daughter of Humphrey ap Griffith, he had, with other 
issue, David Ridgway of Oneley (Gwnley), Forden, who married Pet- 
ronella, eldest daughter of George Harries of Stockton, in the parish 
of Chirbury, Salop. 1st September, 9 James I, 1611, David Ridg- 
way, with others, endorse an assignment of the tithes of the parish of 
Forden from George Harries of Stockton to Anne, eldest daughter of 
Arthur Harries of Condover, Salop, as a settlement on her intended 
marriage with Richard, the eldest son of George Harries. (Mont. Coll., 
vol. xxii, p. 245?.) 

2 In the parish of Audlera, co. Chester. 



32 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Humfrey ap Wm. Smith and his lawful heirs ; in default, to 
Cousin Ragnold ap Wm. Smith, his heirs and assigns for ever. 
Residue to Gwenne, wife, whom he appointed executrix. 

Witnesses. Richard Griffith, Edward Gluce, John ap Jevan 
ap Mores, John Roberts, Richard Dod, Rowland Smith, Law- 
rence Jones, 1 Clerke. 



PARISH OF LLANERFYL. 

Will previously printed. 

1623 Margaret Vaughan of Llyssyn, widow. 

Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 243. 



Will of THOMAS PRICK of Coedtalog ; made 4th July 1633 ; 
proved 18th November 1633. 

To niece Mary, verch Morris, 10 ; to nephew Richard, son 
of Hugh Jones, 10; to Maude vz. Jenij, Jane vz. Icnij, Gwenn 
vz. Jenij, and Ellen vz. Jenij (nieces, daughters of Jenij Rees), 
10s. each. To nephews and nieces, children of Hugh Jones of 
Trefeglwys, 8, to be equally divided between them. To the 
children of Edward John Morgan, 4, equally ; to Jane Price, 
ray bastard daughter, 12, to be invested for her by testator's 
brother-in-law, Hugh Jones of Koed Talog, during her min- 
ority. Brother Morris Price of Stradvailog, and brother-in- 
law Hugh Jones, executors. 

To nephew, David Williams, 3 ; to bastard son, Evan 
Pryce, 20s.; to the poor of Llanyrvill, 5s.; to the reparation of 
the church, 5s. / 

Overseers. David Lloyd ap Evan and Lewis Evans, gent. 

List of debts : Brother Moris Price, Bro.-in-law Edward Wil- 
liam of Poole, Thomas Lloid of Sylvaen, Mary Lloyd of Sylvaen, 
widow, Gilbert Walker of Trelydan, Ann Jones of PooJe, widow, 
John Powell of Castle, mentioned. 

Witnesses. Wythen Jones, John Jones, Hugh Jones, Gruff. 
Jenkins, and others. 

1 On the 17th June 1608, a " memorandum" of the tithe customs 
of Chirbury parish is witnessed " per me Laurentin Jones Vicare". 
The body of the " memorandum" mentions " Lawrence Jones being 
now vicare and inducted into the rights of the said tiethes". (Lloyd 
MS. Book of Parish Accounts, 1604, et seq.) 






AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 33 

In a codicil testator devised to his mother, Mauld, 40s.; also 
others. Witnesses to this Edw. Tanat, Tho. Tanat, Evan 
Rees, William Bubb. 



Will of JOHN TBEVKS, Cefnllys, Llanervill ; made 20th April 
1595; proved 20th May 1595. 

To be buried in Llanirvill church. " Also I give and be- 
queathe to a poore neighbour of mine, namely, Lewis ap John, 
one redd calfe." 

To Ellen, daughter of Oliver ap Davye Price, a yearling 
heifer; to Edward Alderidge of Crane, a yearling heifer; to 
his son Thomas, a calfe ; to my old servant, Morris ap Mat- 
hewe, "a yearlinge sheepe", and to the four children of Thomas 
ap Oliver of Poole, a ewe and lamb each ; and to his eldest 
daughter, named Margaret, a yearling heifer ; to the poor of 
Llanerfyl, 20s. 

To my son Thomas, 2 yearling bullocks ; to his daughter 
Mary, a yearling heifer and yearling sheep. Residue to Joyce, 
my wife, and to John Poyner, my brother-in-law, to the use 
of his 2 children, John and Dorothie, namely, one-third part to 
him, two-thirds to my wife. Here follows a list of debts owing 
to testator. Testator bequeathed towards the reparation of 
Llanerfyl church, 6s. 8d. 

Mentions brother Richard Treves of the Lake. 

Executors. Wife Joyce, and John Poyner the younger, 
" my Cousin". 

He appointed John ap Rees Lloyd overseer, "to see the 20s. 
divided among the poor and 6s. Sd. towards repairing the 
church." 

Witnesses. John ap Rees Lloyd, Oliver ap Richard, Thomas 
Treves, Teste John Davies, John Poyner, Sen., Mary Aldrithe. 



PARISH OF LLANFAIR (CAEREINION). 

Will of JOHN SITTERDOWN, Llanfair ; made 21st August 1598 j 
proved 4th December 1598. 

To be buried in Llanfair Church. To wife Johane testator 
devised his right, estate, etc., in .a messuage called Tyddyn y 
pantgwyn, in the township of Rosavelo, co. Montgomery, for an 
unexpired term of years, except a moiety of the corn, etc., 
growing thereupon ; to his wife also bequest of cattle, etc. ; also 
a moiety of the corn, grain, etc., on a messuage called Tyddyn 

VOL. XXIV. D 



34 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

golet gymeran, and a moiety or one half of all the whitmeate 
then in the house ; also to wife all his household stuff (except a 
coverlet, best new, and cofer, which he gave to his youngest son 
Harry, and the great pan given to his eldest son Thomas. 1 
To his wife also a further bequest of cattle and implements; to his 
brother Harry, who was bondsman with him to secure payment 
of 100 which testator had to pay his own eldest son, he left 
towards the payment of 40 of it the moiety of the messuage 
where testator lived in, called Tyddyri golet gymeran, and the 
half of the lands belonging, for four years, half the corne, etc., 
growing thereon, the two messuages called Tyddyn y pant 
gwyn and Tyddyn golet gymeran ; also cattle and sheep. The 
other moiety of the whitemeate, the half of a bull, the other 
half to wife, also implements, also 60 money, a mortgage 
testator had on lands of one Hughe ap Robert, 20 due by 
Roger Humfrey of Poole, and 20 William Tibbets of Llan- 
brynmair. Testator directed his brother Harry, his own son 
Thomas, and leu'n ap David ap Howell, to set this last 40 out 
at interest until the day of payment of the said 60 to Thomas 
Sitterdowne, Thomas to receive the interest, and pay the first 
10 to the use of Anne, daughter of testator; the second 10 
to the use of Griffith ap Howell ; son of sister Margarett, 20s. ; 
brother Harrye, 40s. ; daughter Jane, 40s.; and 5 of the last 
increase and interest to wife. 

To son Thomas also the other moiety of the said messuage 
called Golet y gymeran, during the term of years to run ; the 
other moiety to youngest, Henrye ; to son Harrye also a bequest 
of stock ; also a bond of 180, Symon Cooper and others 
securities ; also another bond of 40 ; also 40 due by the said 
Symon. 

Towards discharging testator's heriot he bequeathed two 
oxen, in possession of James Edward Lloyd, gentleman, the 
said David to have the best, the other for the heriot of the 
tenement wherein David ap John ap Rees lived. 

To each of his grandchildren a sheep. 

To daughter, a further bequest of sheep, and to daughter 
Jane, 10s. 

If son Henry died before attaining the age of twenty-one years, 
all left to him to be equally divided between his mother, brother, 
and sisters. 

His wife, son Thomas, and David ap John ap Rees to 
jointly occupy the leason called y tyr dwy ; and that 

1 " Thomas Sitterdowne de Kelligasson, yom.", on a county jury, 
13 Charles I, 1637. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 35 

William, the son of the said David, should have testator's part 
of the meadow adjoining the same leason for the unexpired 
term of testator's lease ; son Henry to pay 40s. towards proving 
this will, and all the others bear their part. 

Executors. Brother Henry, Sir Thomas. 

Overseers. leu'n D'd ap Howell ap John and Wm. Baylie. 

Witnesses. Wm. Deakes, David ap John ap Reece, Owen ap 
Rees, Thomas, leu'n, Robert and James Deakes. 



PARISH OF LLANFECHAN. 

Will of WILLIAM AP REES of Llanvechan ; made 20th February 
1638-9; proved 19th July 1639. 

To be buried in Llanfechan Church. 

Towards the making of a window in the said church against 
the pulpit there, 40s. ; to nephew Rynold ap John, a messuage 
and lands in Trefnant, Guilsfield, lately purchased of ffrauncis 
Gruffith, to the said Rynald and his heirs for ever ; also those 
parcels of land lying in Kefnleyfus, mortgaged to me for 50 
by David ap John ; also a barn and lands lying in Pcnearth, 
mortgaged to me by Thomas ap John of Penearth for 40, 
also 50 of money ; to nephew William ap John, two tenements 
and lands lying in Llysfechen, in mortgage to me by Gabriel 
Price, gent. ; also a parcel of land in Llanvechen, called Erwyr 
allt, lately purchased from David ap Evan and Thomas David ; 
also to nephew William, one bay of a barne and three parcels 
of land in mortgage by the same David ap Evan to me for 
23, also 67 of money ; to Gwen, verch William, my daughter 
begotten on the body of Katherine, verch Evan, 400. 

To Elynor Robert, 40s. ; to Elizabeth, verch John, my niece, 
50 ; to Gruffith ap Griffith, 50 ; to Gwen, verch Rees, and 
Johanne Dax,^the interest of 10 for the longest liver of the 
two ; after their deaths, the 10 to John Keene, son of the 
said Johanne ; to Thomas ap Humfrey, 20 ; to Lewis Owen, 
10; to John Pugh, 10; to Thomas, son of Katherine, vz. 
Robert, 20s. ; to my godchildren, 4, to be equally divided ; 
to the children of Rees ap Evan of Oswestry, 20s. ; to Ellyn 
Owen of Oswestry, 20s. ; to the children of William Griffith, 
40s. ; to Owen John llewelin, 25s. ; to Janett, wife of Griffith 
ap Gruffith, 3 ; to Margaret Gruffith, 20s. ; to Marie, v'ch 
Gruffith, 20s. ; to Katherine, v'ch John, widow, 20s. ; to Jane, 
wife of Hugh Davies, 6s. 8d. ; to Elizabeth, wife of John 
Pugh, 6s. Sd. ; to Katherine, wife of David ap Roger, 6s. 8d. ; 
to David ap Evan llewelen, 20s. ; to Thomas David, 20s. ; 

D 2 



36 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

towards my buriall, 10 ; to William Allen, 5s. All my house- 
hold stuff to my daughter Gwen, v'ch William, and to my 
nephew, William ap John, to be divided between them, except 
one pair of sheets to Elizabeth, v'ch John, my niece. 

Executors. Rynold ap John, nephew, and John Pughe. 

Witnesses. Griffith ap Gruffith, Marg't, v'ch Gruffith, Eliza- 
beth, v'ch John, John Lewis, Owen and Humphrey Bowen. 
The mark X of the said William ap Rees. 

[Following this, a list of names and amounts due to testator. 
Will sealed again, and delivered the 2 1st April 1639, in the 
presence of John Roberts, curate of Llanvechan, John Roberts, 
Clerlte, Gabriel Price, Robert Evans, Morris Rees, Robert ap 
Evan Llewelin.] 



PARISH OF LLANFYLLIN. 

Will of Griffith Lloyde, Clk. 1 ; made 7th December 15G2 ; 
proved 12th December 1562. 

In the name of God, Amen : the vij day of December 1562, 
I, Gryffith Lloyde, clarke p'son of Llanfilling, in the Countie of 
Montegombre, being sick of boddie and whole of mynde, doe 

1 " Gruff. Lloid, Cler's", was a county magistrate in 1560-1. He was 
a younger brother of Edward Pryse of Eglwysegl,in Maelor Cynrmxeg, 
father of John Price, or Pryse, of Eglwysegl, Sheriff in 1562. Deile, 
sister of the Sheriff, married " Edmonde Lloyde, Esquier", above, and 
was the mother of Griffith Lloyd of Maesmawr, Guilsneld, Sheriff in 
1581. See the " will of Edmond Lloide of Gilsfield," Mont. Coll., 
vol. xxi, p. 147. 

The following is from Harl. MS. 1969 : " Gruffydd ab Rhys ab 
David ab Gwilym, being brother of Edward Pryse of Eglwysegl, and 
being Parson of Llanfyllin, begot by his concubine (one Gwen Lingan) 
a daughter called Catherine Gruffydd, which Catherine (after the death 
of her father) her uncle Edward Pryse brought with him to Eglwysegl 
and married her to his grandson, John Pryse, Vicar of Llangollen, 
and agreed with the two FFeeoffors of her lands, viz., Harry ap 
Hugh of Llanfyllin and John Lingan, to pass it to himself. She had 
issue by the said John Pryse as followeth : Catherine, ux. Roger 
Eyton of Eglwysegl ; Jane, ux. ... of Oswestry ; Elizabeth, nx. 
William ab Thomas Vychan of Pant y Llongdu, Co. Flint., Esqr." 

Thomas Pryse, younger son of John Pryse, Sheriff in 1562, was the 
ancestor of " Pryces the Papists," and was of Llanfyllyn. He mar- 
ried Anne, daughter and heiress of Gruffydd ab David ab John of 
Llanfyllin. The latter was probably identical with the above witness 
to the will. " Edmundus Lloid, armiger", was on the roil of county 
magistrates in 1560. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 37 

make this my testament and last will in manner and forme 
followinge : bodye to be buried in Llanviiling church, "whereof 
I am p'son." All debts to be paid after. Testator gave to 
John Price, Esquire, " my nephew, all my goods, lands, tene- 
ments, etc., to the intent to distribute my goods accoi'ding to 
his discretion amongst my poor kinsfolk." He constituted the 
said John Price sole executor. 

Witnesses. Edmonde Lloyde, Esquier, Hugh ap David ap 
John, Griffith ap D'd ap John, Griffith app Edwarde, Robert 
ap John, John Vergh hugh, David ap Ll'n, and others. 



Will of WILLIAM BYNEK, 1 of the town of Llanvyllinge ; made 
4th May 1612; proved 29th January 1612-13. 

To Alice, vz. Griffith, " my beloved wief, for life, the house 
and premises wherein he dwelt ; to Gruffith Byner, a messuage 
in the tenure of John ap Edward ; also to wife, 4 a year ; also 
half his household goods ; if she marry, then the third part only ; 
to wife, cattle, hay, and corn ; residue to son Griffith. 2 Among 
persons mentioned as owing money to testator are John 
Vaughan Caergaie, Esq., Moms Owen, Esq., John Lloyd, 
Rhiwedog, Esq. 

Executor. Son Griffith. In a codicil testator mentions 
Owen and William Bynner as sons of his executor. 

Witnesses. Thomas Burche, Lewis ap Owen, David ap Ellis, 
Hughe Parry, Clr., William Byner, Owen Vaughan. 



PARISH OF LLANGURIG. 

Will of DAVID AP DAVID GETHIN, Llangurig; made 30th July 
1614; proved 4th August 1614. 

All his personal or real estate to be equally divided between 
his two sons, 3 Evan David Gethin the elder and Evan David 
Gethin the younger, whom he appointed executors. 

Witnesses. Jo. Gwynne, Thomas Tannatt, Richard Owen, X. 

1 According to Harl. MS. 1936, British Museum, commencing at 
folio 17, under Glan Meichiad and Llanfihangell, John Byner ap Wm. 
Byuyr ap Gr. Bynyr married Margt., v. John Trevor ye old of Pentre 
Kynick, by whom he had adanghter " f. aud h." Elizabeth, who married 
Edd. Edds., son of Wm. Edds. of Llantihangell yn gwyiifa. 

2 " Griffinus Bynnar de Nant Mechied, gen.", was on a county jury 
14 James I, 1616. (Mont. Coll., vol. vi, p. 265; see note 4.) 

3 This is, as far as my experience goes, a unique instance of two 
sons, of exactly the same name, distinguished as elder, and younger. 



38 



Will of WILLIAM BYWATER of Llangurig; made 4th May 1632 ; 
proved 26th June 1632. 

To be buried in Llangurig Church. 2s. towards repairs of 
said church; to the poor, I2d. To Henry Shuttleworth, god- 
son, son of Wm. Shuttleworth, 20 ; to William, son of Nicholas 
Wosencrofte, 5 ; to Mary, dau. of Christopher Bywater, 40s. ; 
to Mary, daughter of John Bywater, 5. If Mary died before 
21 years of age, the 5 to be divided between Anne, wife of 
Thomas Hatfield, and Margaret, wife of Lawrence Pott, tes- 
tator's two daughters. To Edmund, son of William Shuttle- 
worth, 5 ; residue between sons-in-law, Thomas Hatfield and 
Lawrence Pott. 

[No witnesses' names in Register.] 



Will of JENKIN JOHN AP IEU'N LLOYD, Llangurig ; made 
14th October 1632 ; proved 31st December 1632. 

To be buried in the church of Llanguricke. Towards the 
reparation of the same, 6s. 8d. ; to the poor, 3s. 4cZ. 

To his second son, Edward Lloyd, testator devised a messuage 
and lands, which testator had purchased of his brother, Edward 
Evans, situate in the townships of Kevenyvode and Glyngen- 
voyd, in the parish 'of Llangurig, and then in the occupation 
of Ann Lucas, widow; also 40 to Katherine, wife; 12 due 
by John Dudlike and William Dudlike of Kerry ; also several 
other sums ; also cattle, " and all my sheep whatsoever"; and 
other bequests ; with a condition attached that if she had an 
expected child who survived, all the bequests were to be 
equally divided between that child and his wife. To Evan 
Lloyd, his eldest son, 10, and a sum on mortgage of lands 
belonging to John Howell and Evan John Howell (the amount 
not mentioned). 

Sole Executrix. Catherine, wife. 

Overseers. Jenkyn Morrice, John ap leu'n, David Morrice, 
and Edward Evans. 



I think, if testator had not called them his two sons, any person 
might have considered them father and son ; hence we must not 
always infer, where we find a person described as "the younger", 
that he is necessarily of a generation lower down. I have seen 
cases of two names, but the younger is called Vychan, which he 
generally converts into his surname. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 39 

Witnesses. John ap Jenij Lloyd, Gwenllian, vz. Jenij Lloyd, 
Thos. Harding. 1 

Will of JOHN AP IEU'N LLOYD, Llangurig ; made 2nd Feb. 1632 ; 
proved llth January 1635-6. 

To be buried in Llangurig Church. Towards reparation of 
the same, 10s. ; to the poor, 6s. Sd. ; to grandchild John 
Lloyd, youngest son of Jenkin John ap leu'n Lloyd, 33 j to 
grandchild Edward, son of James ap John ap leu'n Lloyd, 
20 and 20. 

Testator declared that if his brother Richard ap leu'n 
Lloyd conveyed and assured to Edward Lloyd above and to 
his heirs a messuage and lands situate in the townships of 
Glyn hafren iscoed, and Crowlom, in the parish of Llanidloes, 
then in the tenure of the said Richard ; then testator devised 
to the said Edward all testator's right and title to the sum of 
28 9s. 4d., which he had on mortgage of lands belonging to 
Meredith ap leu'n ap Morrice, situate in the township of 
Llany vinny, in the parish of Llangurig ; but if the said Richard 
did not so convey it, then the sum of money mentioned 
testator devised to his grandchildren Evan and Edward Lloyd, 
sons of Jenkin John ap leu'n Lloyd. 

To his grandchildren Jenkin, David, and Machell, children 
of Lewis Cadd'r ap Thomas, 10. 

To John Lloyd above 8 cows and 6 oxen, Catherine Jenkins, 
his (J. Lloyd's) mother, to have the profit of them until the 
said John attained the age of 14, to aid her in bringing up 
her children ; if she so long remained a widow to Morrice, 
reputed son of Jenkin John ap leu'n Lloyd, a cow and 10 
ewes ; to Meredith, reputed son of James ap John ap leu'n 
Lloyd, the same ; to grandchild Evan Lloyd, " a redd nagg"; 
to grandchild Edw'd, son of Jenkin John ap leu'n Lloyd, a 
bay " nagge"; to grandchild John Lloyd, a bay filly : to Jane, 
verch Thomas Gruff, 1 Os. ; to Griffith Humfrey, a yearling 
beast; to Jane, wife of Jenkin Evan, 6s. 8d. ; to Gwenllian, 
wife of Jenkin Evan D'd Jenkin, 6s. 8d. ; to grandchild 
Jenkin Lewis, two 2-yr. old beasts ; to grandson David Lewis, 
the like; to Machallt, granddaughter, two 3-yr. old beasts; to 
grandchild Jane, daughter of Edward Evans, 3 kine ; to 

1 This and the following will show a son predeceasing his father. 
The desire to protect the interests of the widow and fatherless 
children is manifest by the tenor of the father's will. These Lloyds 
were not improbably of the Clochfaeu family in Llangurig. 



40 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

grandchild James ap John ap leu'n Lloyd, my son, 13 sheepe, 
7 beasts, 2 kyne, 2 oxen, and " my olde baye mare". 

To Dythgw, wife of Edward Evans, my daughter, a some- 
what similar bequest ; to Goley, my daughter, wife of Jenkin 
Evan, a like bequest. 

15 to be equally divided between his son James ap John 
ap le'un and his daughters Dythgy and Goley. 

To daughter-in-law Katherine Jenkins all corn, grain, hay, etc. 

To Evan, Edward, and John Lloyd, sons of Jenkin John ap 
leu'n Lloyd, all household goods and implements of hus- 
bandry. 

Residue to said Evan Lloyd, whom he appointed sole exe- 
cutor. 

Overseers. Jenkiii Maurice of Maesmaur and Richard ap 
leu'n Lloyd. 

Witnesses. Jenkin Morris X, Lodowick Lewis, Hugh Pogra, 
Tho. llardinge. 



PARISH OF LLANGYNIEW. 

Will of ELLEN GILBERT, late of Llangyniew; made llth May 
1635 ; proved 2nd June 1636. 

To daughter Mary Jones, 10 ; to an expected child, if a 
man-child, 20 ; if the child miscarry or die, then to Francis 
Wilding of Kirkham, co. Lancaster ; also to the said Francis 
20 ; to her sister Elizabeth Gilbert, a " petticoate of colour 
Bristowe Redd"; to Katherine W r illiams, daughter of William 
Thomas of Ruthin, gaoler, " one wrought silke wastecoate 
and a wroughte silk Quaife". 

Executors. Francis Wilding and daughter Mary Jones, leav- 
ing to them the residue. 

Witnesses. Robert Griffith, Edward Jones, Robert Mule, 
Jonett ap Robert. 

[Beneath this will is an inventory of deceased's effects (the 
first instance met with). Brother-in-law, Charles Price of 
Meifod, Butcher.] 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 41 



PAKISH OF LLANIDLOES. 

Will of DAVID LLOYD JANKIN of Berthe Lloyde, 1 co. Mont- 
gomery; made 20th July 1587; proved llth May 1588. 

Towards the reparation of his parish church of Llanidloes, 
40s. ; to the curate of the said churche, 10s. ; to Oliver Lloyd, 2 
testator's third son, an annuity of 20 marks, to be paid out of 
lands in Trefegloys, until the s'd Oliver attained the age of 
30 years ; afterwards the said Oliver was to take only the sum 
of 10 per year for life ; a further annuity to the said Oliver 
of 10 per year for life, out of lands in Llandinam, the said 
Oliver to follow the direction of Lowrey, testator's wife, and 
Jankin Lloyde, testator's eldest son, in his education and 
bringing up until he attains 25 years of age ; but if the s'd 
Oliver, by means of testator's wife, son Jankin, or second son 
Edward Lloyde, be provided otherwise with a living, then 
the annuities to cease and determine. To Marthalde 3 Lloyd, 
daughter, testator bequeathed 200 marks, to forward her 
preferment in marriage. It em, being minded to preferr the 
children of my severall daughters now married, and my ancient 
householde servants, with severall portions of my goods accord- 
ing to their several chardges, degree, and deserts, my will is 
that the said executors, by their discretion, at the oversight of 
the overseers or supervisors of this my will, bestowe upon 
them several portions of my said goodes, my debts and legacies 
aforesaid and funerall discharged. 

To wife testator left a third of all his goods and chattels. 

Executors. Wife and son Janckin Lloyd, to whom he left 
the residue ; brother Morgan Gwin, 4 John Gwin, Clerke, 5 
Morgan Glyn, 6 and Lewis Gwyn, gent., 7 supervisors. 

1 He was Sheriff in 1574, and again in 1587-8, " qui tempore 
officij sui obijt" (1'enidrth List of /Sheriff's), and was succeeded as 
Sheriff by his son Jenkin. (See Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire.} 

2 He was LL.D., and of the Arches Court. His mother, " Lowrey", 
was the daughter of Owen Gwyn, and sister of " Morgan Gwin" of 
Llanidloes. 

3 Or Mallt ; eventually married Edward Gwynue ap John Gwyuuc 
of Llanidloes. 

4 Brother-in-law, and Sheriff in 1582. 

5 Styled " Mr. of Arts", a younger brother of Morgan Gwynne. 

6 Of Glynn Clywedog. 

7 Probably the eldest son of Morgan Gwyune, and Sheriff hi 1610. 



42 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Witnesses. Morgan Glynn, Lodo. Gwyn, Richard ap lou'n 
ap Owen, Myles Gwyn, 1 David Lewes. 

Testfis. Matthew ap Jen'ij, David Lloyd Jauckyn. 



Will of MORGAN GLYNN 2 of Glyn, Clewetock, Llanidloes, Esquire; 
made 16th June 1620; proved 18th February 1621-2. 

Testator mentions that he had formerly settled all his pro- 
perty by conveyance to certain uses, except that which he 
dealt with in this testament ; also that formerly he had pre- 
ferred Katherine, his eldest daughter, in marriage, and also 
paid her portion and given portions of lands and goods to his 
sons John and Morgan Glynn, 3 whereby they are sufficiently 
provided for, " do now for the settlinge of the rest of my lands 
and hereditaments not formerly conveyed, and disposing of 
the rest of my personal estate specially upon my daughter 
Dorothy Glynne, 4 being my youngest daughter, and upon my 
sons Jenkyn and Richard Glynn, make this my last will/' 

Body to be buried in the chancel of Llanidloes Church, " in 
the buryall place there accustomed for my auncestors." 
Towards the reparation of the said church and chancel, 20s. 
Whereas William Foxe of Ludford, co. Hereford, Esq., and 
Edward Foxe of Stivingtou, co. Salop, Esq., jointly owe me 
240, which testator devised to his daughter Dorothy and 
sons Jeukyn and Richard. First, Dorothy to be paid the 
sum of 200 marks ; remainder equally between Jenkyn and 
Richard, after paying testator's debts. Testator had a sum of 
40 on mortgage of lands, etc., of one Meredith Howell, lying 
in B-iiyhtire, co. Montgomery, which he devised to his son 
and heir, Evan, 5 on condition that Evan acquitted testator's 
executor of debts and demands ; if Evan declined, then the 
mortgage to go to his executor, hereafter named, and to her 



1 Nephew of Morgan Gwynn. Styled " Miles Gwyn de Llan- 
gerick" ; son of his brother John. 

2 He married Jane, daughter of John ap Hugh of Mathavarn, by 
his wife Catherine, daughter of Sir Richard Herbert of Montgomery. 

3 Not noticed in the " Parochial Account of Llanidloes", which 
gives a history of the family. (Mont. Coll., vol. viii, p. 201.) 

4 Not noticed in the above account. 

5 It is there stated that the father of Catherine (first wife of Evan 
Glynn), Edward Fox of Ludford, was Sheriff in 1617. The Sheriff 
for the latter year was Sir Edward Fox, Knight, of Cainham, his 
first cousin. Evan was Sheriff in 1628. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 43 

heirs and executors, towards the payment of testator's debts 
" and advancement of my said executor". 

To his son Evan he bequeathed all his " wylde mares and 
wylde coltes uppon truste that he will defray my funerall 
expenses, as my especiall trust is in him being my sonne and 
heire." To son John, best gelding, which I bought of him, 
and best saddle and furniture ; to Richard Owen, 1 grandchild, 
one bay mare. 

Executrix. Daughter, Dorothy Glynne. 

Overseers. Cousins Jenkyn Lloyd, Esq., and Edward Lloyd, 
son, Evan Glynn and John Glynn. 

Witnesses. Edwarde Lloyd, Richard Glynn, John Evan ap 
Howell, John Evans. 

Testator acknowledged this to be his last will, 28th June 
1620, in the presence of Thomas Roberts, Vicar of Llanidloes. 
"My cousin, 2 Mr. Morgan Glynn, brought this his last will to 
me, Jenkyn Lloyd, the 26th June 1620." 



Will of ROBERT WiLSON 3 of Llanidloes ; made 22nd January 
1625-6; proved 25th February 1625-6. 

Towards the reparation of Llanidloes church, 2s. ; to the 
poor, Is. Qd. 

1 Son of his daughter Catherine, and her husband, Edward Owen, 
of Pen yr Allt doch. 

2 Jenkin Lloyd's father and Morgan G Wynne's mother were 
brother and sister. 

3 A branch of the Wilson family was for several generations settled 
at Bodayoch, a township in the parish of Trefeglwys and hundred of 
Llanidloes. At the Assizes, 14th Charles II, 1662, "Ricus Wilson 
de Bodayoch, gen.", occurs on a jury. He was not improbably the 
father of the Rev. John Wilson, Vicar of Penegoes, who was the father 
of the celebrated landscape painter, Richard Wilson. The Wilsons of 
Trefeglwys occupied a highly respectable position -in that parish, and 
were by marriage connected with some of the leading families in the 
neighbourhood. A branch of the old Brochwellian family of Bowen, 
of Pen yr Allt Goch, settled in Trefeglwys. Two of its members 
seem to have married Wilsons. Morris Bowen (ap Thomas ap Owen) 
married Jane Wilson, and his brother, Evan Bowen, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Robert Wilson of Trefeglwys (Bt/egones, 9th April 1873). 
They were probably identical with Elizabeth, third daughter, and 
Jane, youngest daughter, of testator. 

" Ricus Wilson de Manlleth, gen.", appears on a county jury, 
llth Charles I, 1635. 

There are Wilsons now living in the district, all of the well-to-do 
yeoman class. 



44 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

To Margaret, wife, the messuage wherein testator lived, held 
under lease from Jenkyn Lloyd, Esq., for a term of years, and 
all hay, cattle, etc., so long as she remained a widow, then 
only her thirds. 

To Margery Wilson, eldest daughter, 20, to be put out 
for her use by testator's cousin, godfather of Margery, Hugh 
Wilson ; to Margret, second daughter, 20, to be put out by 
Humfrey Wilson, brother, her uncle ; to Elizabeth, third 
daughter, 20, to be put out for her use by testator's cousin, 
Rinald Wilson ; to Jane, youngest daughter, 20, to be put out 
for her use by cousin Robert Wilson, her uncle ; either dying 
before attaining the age of 18, her portion to be divided 
among the survivors. 

To Owen Barnefield, servant-man, 20s. ; to Dorothy Smith, 
maid, 20s. ; to son Humfrey, whom he appointed sole executor, 
residue. 

Overseers. Richard Wilson, Richard Hamer, John Wilson 
of Prisden ( ? Presteign, Radnorshire), and Rinald Cleaton. 1 

Witnesses. Hugh Wilson, Richard Hamer, John Wilson, 
Richard Wilson, Rinalb Wilson, Humfrey Wilson, Edward 
Woola/ Margery Swindle, mentioned. 



Will of JENKIN VAUGHAN 3 (dated at Trawscoed, Cardiganshire); 
made 10th. February 1628 ; proved 27th June 1632. 

" My cossen, Mr. Edw. Lloyd, 4 is bound for mee in 3 seu'a.11 
places, viz., to T. Powell, Humfree Lloyd, the Proctor, and 
Humfrey Jones of Oxen. My desire is that the Advowson 

1 The Cleatons are also an old family, now nearly, if not quite, 
extinct in the hundred of Llanidloes. One of the sons of the late 
John Cleatou of Llanidloes is a Commissioner in Lunacy. His 
uncle Edmund, recently deceased, was a county magistrate. 

2 The Wollus, now Woolleys, are still locally represented. 

3 The above Jenkin Vaughan was son of Edward Vaughan of 
Trawscoed, Cardiganshire, ancestor of the Earls of Lisburue, by 
Margaret, second daughter of David Lloyd Jenkin of Berthllwyd, 
Llanidloes (Sheriff, Montgomeryshire, 1574). Testator was Rector 
of Cemmes. Montgomeryshire, 1662 (according to Thomas's St. 
Asaph, this must be a printers error), and Vicar of Meifod, 1626-28. 
It was probably to the advowson of Meifod he referred when men- 
tioning Lord Pembroke (No. 5). 

4 Cousin Edward Lloyd was son of Edward Lloyd of Finnant, 
Trefeglwys (will extracted 1627, 39 Skynner), whose sister was testa- 
tor's mother. Cousin Dr. Lloyd was doubtless the David Lloyd, son 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 45 

granted mee by my ho. Lord of Pembroke may be given him, 
nnd I knowe it will fully discharge his engagements for me. 
There is an ould reckoninge of xvli. due from mee, either to 
my Cozen Mr. John Blaney, or my Cozen Mr. D'd Blaney. 
I have paide Mr. Squier xx/i. for Rondle Owen, and there is a 
Writt to be sent forth in Mr. Squier's name to extend his 
landes to my use ; Arthur Weaver 1 is the Agent therein, and 
knoweth the whole businesse. I wish ray foresaid Coozens to 
take benefit thereof towards the foresaide debt due upon me 
unto them, I am to receive the xxvth of May from Mivod 
x\vli., or thereabouts, whereof I have past to Mr. Hugh 
Derwas 2 xlii/t. by Specialtie, for what consideration my noate 
declareth. I wish hee may quickly receiue the same. 1 am 
to receaue from Kernes about the xxvth of May xxZr. I 
usually receaue it by the hands of my Cozen, Mr. John 
Williams-. 1 have promised to pass that some to my Cozen 
Williams for discharge of a Bond of xx/t., wherein Mr. Williams 
and myself stand joyntly bound to one Mr. Evans, neere 
Ocestrie. Mr. Hugh Derwas oweth me iiij/i. for tenths euer 
since May last, and his brother, Mr. William Derwas, from xfo'. 
to x\li. for lambes ; they are honest, good gen[tlemen ?], and 
willinge a just reckoninge. My Coozen John Williams 3 oweth 
mee xls., which I lately lent him. xli. of this money I would 
have payed ou' to Doctor Mancell of Oxen; the other v\li. I 
would have my Coozen Doctor Lloyd to receaue, together 
with vli. due to me from young Mr. Richard Gr. of Poole, and 

of Edward Lloyd of Finnant, of whom his father had, at the time 
he made his will, such an indifferent opinion. 

Cousins John Blayney, David Blaney, presumably, were sons of 
Edward Blayney of Maesmawr, by Elizabeth, elder sister of testator's 
mother. 

David was Coroner of Montgomeryshire. 

1 Arthur Weaver. This will throws light upon this gentleman, 
if I understand the reference to him correctly. I should say he was' 
an attorney, and, judging from dates, the father of Arthur Weaver, 
whose daughter Ann married John Blayney of Gregynog, at Moo- 
ville, near Bridgnorth, on 29th October 1707. It was through a 
connection by marriage with the Weaver family that the Sudeley 
family succeeded Arthur, son of John Blayney above, in the pos- 
session of the ancient patrimony of the Blayuey family in Mont- 
gomeryshire. 

2 Hugh and William Derwas. The Derwas family were of Penrhos, 
co. Montgomery. 

3 Cousin J. Williams, Cousin Jenkin Bowen, Cousin David Buwen. 
These are relatives that I cannot, with the authorities at hand, trace. 



46 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

it is due unto me since the last of May, as app'ethe by 
specialty, and this in discharge of a debt due to Mr. Crosse 
of Oxen, for which Doctor Lloyd standeth bound with me. I 
lent Henry Jones, Eector of Buishopston, in gowre (Gower), 
vli. I have nothing to shewe for it. But Mr. Evan Price, 
sometime fellow of Allsoules Colledge, can proue the dehVie 
of it, soe can Mr. Hughes of Llancarvan ; Mr. Water Thomas 
of Swansea can prooue his confession. Mr. Amon of Oxen 
challengeth from me ~s.~x.lL, with some arreares ; I acknowledge 
only xli. ; yett, because he is a poore man, I desire hee should 
be satisfied as far as xx^'. My Coozen Doctor Lloyd knoweth 
the business for Admon's satisffaction. I wish my books in 
Oxen to be sould, which are in the custody of Dr. Mancell ; I 
think they will yield 10, or thereabouts; further, I would 
have bookes, beddinge, gowne, and Cashockes, w'ch I have in 
Mivod, to bee sould, with a table and bedsteads, and soe 
much Tymber, w'ch I thinke to be worthe 5. This, I hope, 
will discharge Amon his debt. Amongst my bookes in Mivod 
there are two of Mr. Pawmer's (viz.), Doctor White against 
ffisher, and the Jesuits against Dr. White ; lett these be 
restored, togeather with the proceedings in the sessions. I 
have v volumes of Lir's (?) which are Mr. Roberts' ; three 
bookes of Mr. Williams' ; Mr. Hurnfreys hath some of mine, 
and I have some of Mr. Humfreys' bookes ; lett all be restored. 
My gowne and best horse are due to the Lord Buishopp ; if 
he challenges them, hee must have them ; but I am persuaded, 
when hee understandeth that I die indebted, that hee will 
neither demand nor receaue them. I owe my Coozen Jenkin 
Bowen 20 ; I haue no money to paye them of my owne, 
therefore I desire him to forgive them ; but, in case my Lord 
Buishopp will not challenge my mare, he maye haue her. I 
owe xxs. to Nedd Lloyd, Mercer, or thereabouts, and some 
iiijZi., in dribblets, in Oxen, viz., to a Draper at Carsoke, to 
Mr. Greese, a Shoemaker. I wish my Cozen Doctor Lloyd to 
take the blacke horse and sell him, to discharge the said 
debts. 

" All though this hath not the formality of a Will, yett I 
hope it is a sufficient Will ; in substance it conteyneth my 
true and honest meaninge; and I name for Executors of this 
my last will and testament my welbeloved Cosens Dauid 
Lloyd, Doctor of Lawe, David Blaney, Esq., and Doe earnestly 
entreat them, for all the love that euer they bore mee, to 
undergoe the trouble thereof. Dated at Trowscoed, the xth 
day of fiebruary An'o D'm' 1628, by me, 

" Jenk. Vaughan. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 47 

" All the raysure and interlyninge were done before the 
subscription hereof." 

Witnesses. Edward Vaughan, Henry Vaughan. 

[A Commission to administer was issued to David Bowen, a 
relative of deceased, on the 27th day of September 1632, the 
persons named as executors by testator having declined to 
act.] 



Will of EDWARD DAVIES of Llanidloes, Gent. ; made 20th 
April 1633 ; proved 27th September 1633. 

To be buried in Christian burial. Towards the reparation 
of Llanidloes parish church, 3s. 4d. To wife Ellen, 6 cows, 
100 wethers of divers colours, and a moiety of all his house- 
hold stuff, best silver bowl or cup only excepted, which cup I 
hereby give to my loving master, Sir Edward Lloyd, Knight. 1 

Testator devised messuages and lands situated partly in 
the borough of Llanidloes and partly in Trefeglwys parish, in 
the occupation of testator and Edward Lewes, and Thomas 
Byddle, to his eldest son, David Edwards. 

To eldest daughter, Dorothy Davies. 60 sheep, kept by 
testator at a place called Bryn y Bedd ; several other things 
to Dorothy ; and the fourth of his household stuff, etc., 
except the excepted silver cup, to son David; second son, 
Lewis, bequests of live stock ; to second daughter, Gwen, 40 
sheep ; and the other fourth part of his household, except the 
excepted silver bowl, he bequeathed to his third daughter, 
Elizabeth ; also to Elizabeth a devise of stock. To third son, 
Richard Edward, a devise of stock ; same to William Edward, 
fourth son. In case of death of any legatee before attaining 
the age of 14 years, that share to be divided among the sur- 
vivors. Residue to wife, whom he appointed executrix. 

Overseers. Sir Edward Lloyd, Evan Glynne, Esq., loving 
brother, Lewes Jenkins, loving cousin, Lewes Davies, gentle- 
man. 

Witnesses. Edward Davies, Evan Griffith, Richard Griffiths, 
X of Evan ap Rees, Lewis Jenkins, and Ellen Humphreys. 

1 Of Berthllwyd. 



48 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



PARISH OF LLANLLWCHAIRN. 

Will previously printe d. 

1577 David ap Moris ap Owen of Llanllwchairn. 

Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 158. 



Will of IEU'N GOGH BENLLOID ; dated 26th April, 38 Hen. VIII 
(1546) ; proved 30th June 1546. 

I, leu'n Goz Benlloid, of the parishe of llochaiarne, sicke of 
boddye and hole in mernorye, do make my testament and last 
will in this manner following 1 . I bequeathe my soule to 
Allmigyghte God, my boddye to be buryed in the Christen 
buryall of Llochaiarne. Item,, I bequeathe to the high aulter, 
for my forgotten tythes, two shillinges. IPm, to Sir Owen ap 
John, vicar of llanlochaiarne, for to saye there v masses of the 
v woundes of the Lorde for my soule Christen, twoo shillinges 
penye. Item, I bequeath to brenne afore the blessed sacre- 
ment twentie-four tapers and twelve torches, of those twelve 
tapers to llanlochaiai'ne, and sixe torches. Item, twoo torches 
and four tapers to the Newtowne, twoo torches and four 
tapers to tregonon. It' in, one torche w't ij tapers to the 
churche of Bettus. Item, one torche and twoo tapers to Llan- 
rowicke. Item, I doo make my sonne Groff to be myne 
executour, and to him I do bequeathe all my goodes, movable 
and unmovable, to dispose for the welthe of my soule and all 
Christen soules, as he thinketh moste. Item, I do bequethe 
to my sonne Groffe my house and all heritage to the said 
house belonginge, w'th all my morgage landes, as in a dede of 
gifte dothe more playnlie appere. Item, I bequethe to the 
makiuge of the Stepull of llanlochaiarne fortie shillinges. 
Witnes at the making of this testament and last wille, S'r 
John Reynoldes, Owen Dauid Gittyn, pewyn, Hugh ap Owen 
ap Dackyn, vach John Dauid Moz, John ap Edwarde, w'th 
diuers other, John Dauys, yornan of the Kinge's garde, Thomas 
ap leu'n lloide, gentilman. Item, I do geue and bequethe to 
David 1 ap leu'n goz, my sonne, twentie nobles. Item, I do 
geue and bequeathe to Howell ap goz twentie nobles. I do 
geue and bequeathe to Rees ap David goz twentie nobles. 

1 See his grandson's (" Evan ap Thomas David Benlloid of Llan- 
dinam") will, 1609. " leuan Goz ap Bedo Penlloid, Rengild of 
Llanlloghayron," 24th Jan. 1532. (Mont. Coll., vol. xxii, 12.) 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 49 

Will of LEWIS AP ROBERT of Llanllwchaiarne ; made 20th 
July 1626; proved 9th Oct. 1626. 

To the use of the church of Llanllwchaiarn, 5s., and 5s. to 
the poor there ; to the church of Llandyssil, 5s., and to the 
poor there, 5s. ; to the church of Kerry, 5s,, and to the poor 
there, 5s. ; to the church of Moughtrey, 5s., to the poor 
there, 5s. 

To Elizabeth, vz. John, my wedded wife, the lease of the 
lands I hold from John Thomas of Gwestyd, gent., together 
with the crop on and the stock there ; to Catherine, vz. John, 
my naturall sister, a lease of lands which testator held from 
Hugh Jones of Llanidloes, in the occupation then of Morgan 
David, husband of Catherine; also the crop and stock thereon. 
To Richard Roberts, my naturall brother, and David Morris, 
my nephew, 10, due by Evan Mathew of Gwestyd ; also to 
nephew, 2 oxen, "one colored redd, the other, his fallowe, 
colored pied"; to Johan Morris, sister-in-law, and fflorence, 
her daughter, 4 young beasts ; to niece Catherine Jenkins, a 
heifer, in the custody of the said Joan, her grandmother ; to 
Lowry Lewis, a brown heifer ; to sister Katherine, vz. Robert, 
wife of Morgan Davies, sundry household utensils ; the rest 
between testator's wife and his executor. Residue to David 
Morris, nephew and sole executor. 

Overseers. John ap Owen ap Madocke and Evan Thomas, 
Clarke, Vicar of Llanllwchaiarn, to whom he bequeathed a 
piece of gold, value 20s., to be by them " lovinglie devided". 

Witnesses. John ap Richard, Raph Prior. 



Will of HENRY BOUND, Llanllwchaiarn ; made 5th March 
1628-9; proved 14th June 1629. 

To be buried in the church or churchyard of Llanllwchaiarn. 
To wife Elizabeth testator devised a moiety of lease of a 
messuage which he held for a term of years under David 
Blayney, gent.', called the Garthvaure, in the parish of Llan- 
dinam ; also 24 beasts, 20 of them in the custody of Thomas 
Poole, and 2 calves, for my part of the 4 which was un- 
divided between me and him, and a cow in the custody of 
Thomas Brown of Clonton ; also to his wife, horses and 
sheep ; to his two children, Harry Bound and Elizabeth, a 
devise of stock; to brother-in-law, John Browne, a yearling 
fillie and 5s. Wife executrix. Residue to pay debts and 
funeral expenses, etc. . 

VOL. XXIV. E 



50 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Overseers. John Wilson the younger, John Browne, and 
Thomas Woosencroft. 

Schedule of names of persons owing money to testator, and 
of persons to whom he stood indebted. 

Witnesses. Richard Rowland, Morris Crowther, Thomas 
Woosencroft, John Browne, John Willson the younger. Tes- 
tator's X. 



PARISH OF LLANLLUGAN. 

Will previously printed. 
1610 David Price of Llanllugan, Mont. Coll., vol. xxt, p. 172. 



Will of WILLIAM COWPER ; made 1st January, 3rd Edw. VI; 
proved 14th June 1550. 

Testator, who does not specify where he was living in the 
will, bequeaths to his son, Richard 1 Cowper, " my manor of 
Llanllugan, in the co. of Montgomery, in Wales, with all the 
tythes 2 and other appurtenances whatsoever they be, to the 
said Richard and the heirs of his body ; failing them, to testa- 
tor's son William ; to Richard testator also bequeathed " all 
my mares, filies, folys, and coltes remayning in the mountaynes 
in Wales and in the said manor of Llanligan." " I will and 
bequeath my ferme or lease of the p'sonage of Llangaure, 3 in 
the said co., to my said son, Richard Cowper, for the years 
yet remaining to run." 

Will of RICHARD WOODING of Llanllugan; made 8th April 1625; 
proved 19th May 1626. 

To be buried in the church or churchyard of Llanllugan ; 
towards the reparation of the said church, 10,". ; towards the 

1 A Rychard Cowper of Hurdley, or Symonds' Castle, had a grant 
of the latter from Richard Powell of Edenhope in 1606. (See 
Mont. Coll., vol. xiii, p. 169.) 

2 This seems to answer the question propounded in the Parochial 
History of Llanvair Caereinion, " Who were the Crown farmers 
of .the tithes belonging to the nunnery of Llanllugan and Llaufair 
prior to 1564?" William Cowper's will seems to assign an earlier 
date to the dissolution of the nunnery than 1553, as he seems to have 
been the holder of " the tythes", as well as the manor of Llanllugan 
in 1550. (See Mont. Coll., vol. xviii, p. 171.) 

3 Llanfawre or Llanfair. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 51 

reparation of any bridge or bridges belonging to Llanllugan 
parish, 10s. To the poor people there and the townships of 
Dwyrhiew and Pencoed, the sum of 5 for ever, to be invested 
in land, and the 10s. interest to be shared at Easter annually 
in manner following : 6d. apiece to 20 poor people of Llan- 
llugan parish and the townships of Dwyrhiew and Pencoed. 

This charity was to be distributed at Llanllugan Church by 
his executors or overseers for the time being. 

To Richard, son of brother William Woodinge, deceased, 
20s., "which he oweth me". To John, Thomas, and William, 
three more of the sons of brother William, 10s. each ; to Eliza- 
beth, daughter of brother William, 10s. ; to goddaughter Marie, 
daughter of John -Stephen, 10s.; "to my neece" Margerie 
ffeenny, 10s. ; to Richard Collie, nephew, 10s.; to Moyses 
Hibart, nephew, 10s. ; to John Collie, my late servant, 6s. 8d. ; 
to my sister Joane, 20s.; to sister Em'e, 20s. ; to sister Ales^ 
20s. ; to Margaret, the late wife of Hugh ap Edward, " 2 
pounds of wooll of the Poole weight" ; to Elizabeth, daughter 
of John ap David, 10s. ; to Mrs. Kenrick, 6s. 8d. ; to each 
godchild not before named, 3s. 4tZ. ; to Thomas, eldest son, 
40s. and my best suite of apparel, in full satisfaction for any 
claim he may have against my lands or chattells, he to give 
executors a full acquittance or only to have I2d. ; to William, 
eldest son of said Thomas, 10; to Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas, 10, and a feather bed and bedding clothes (" all of 
the seconde sorte") ; to Ellen, another daughter, 10 ; to 
Richard, another son, " one wheelcore, one yoake with iron 
inhit, one iron chaine, one plough and plough irons, also a bed, 
etc. ; to Edward, eldest son of Owen Baxter, 10 ; to George 
Baxter, my grandchild, 10 ; to Gwen Baxter, grandchild, 10 ; 
to Josua Baxter, another grandchild, 10 ; to Anne Baxter, 
grandchild, 10, and his second best pan; to Elizabeth, daughter, 
10 ; to George Woodinge, son of my grandchild Humfrey 
Woodinge, 5; to Georg-e, son of. William my son, 10; to 
Nicholas, another son, 10 ; to Oliver, another son, 10 ; to 
Richard, another, 10 ; to Rebeka, daughter of Edward Baxter, 
ray grandchild, 40s. ; to Isack Thomas, als. Cowper, 40s. ; to 
George Stephen, one cow ; to George, my youngest son, all the 
rest of rny household stuff and implements. To William and 
George, his two youngest sons, testator devised the residue of 
all his effects, after funeral expenses and legacies were paid, to 
be equally divided. 

To William, grandson, son of George, testator devised two 
parcells of land called Errowe yr gyla, in the township of 
Pencoyd, parish of Llanwyddelan, containing three acres, 

E a 



52 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

purchased of Richard Williams ; also to the said William all 
those messuages, tenements, and lands, etc., called Tythyn yn 
pencoed, in the township and parish aforesaid, purchased of 
Edward Henrye, and a parcel of land called Errowe y Siowlen, 
in the same township, purchased of William Henrie, all now in 
my possession (except a parcel called Rhos y tuppa, and two 
parcels called Pille kechion and Errow wostad, in the same 
township, purchased of Edward David ap Owen and Katherine 
his wife), and all that other messuage and lands in Dwyriw, 
parish of Manafon, purchased of William David ap Rees, 
deceased, in the possession now of James Hugh, and all that 
other messuage with diverse parcels of lands in the township Pen- 
coed, Llauwyddelan, called Ty yn yllwyn, purchased of Arthur 
Morris, als. Powell ; also a parcel called Errowe pant y Groes, 
township of Treganol, Llanwyddelan, in the possession of 
Richard ap Evan, to the said William, grandson, and the heirs of 
his body ; failing, to his heirs and assigns for ever. 

By a deed dated 6th April, 1 Charles I, testator conveyed 
and assured to the ffeofifees therein named all those messuages, 
lands, etc., that is to say, one commonly called Dole Howell, 
situate in the townships of Pencoed and Treganol, Llanwyddelan, 
purchased of David ap David and Gwen his wife, now in the 
tenure of David ap Evan ap Res (except the parcel called 
Errowe pant y Groes ucha), and all that messuage, etc., in 
the township of Pencoed, purchased of Richard Owen, OlerJce, 
in the tenure of Robert Rees, and one parcel of meadow 
in the township of Dwyriw, now in the possession of my under-' 
tenant, commonly called Kay bach, and a parcel in the town- 
ship of Pencoed, in the occupation of David ap Evan ap Rees, 
and all that messuage, etc., in Pencoed aforesaid, purchased of 
Evan ap Rees Daylor, to hold for my use for my life, and after 
for Richard Woodinge, my grandchild, his heirs, or, failing, to 
his right heirs for ever. 

Testator, in the same deed (6th April, I.Charles I), conveyed 
one messuage in the township of Dwyriw, Manafon, called 
Bron y ffynnon, now in the tenure of Humfrey Woodinge, my 
grandchild, purchased by me from Meredith David ap Evan, 
.deceased, "and all that fullinge Millne" in the same township, 
to hold the said messuage to the said Humfrey Woodinge, his 
heirs and assigns, for ever. By another deed, of equal date, 
testator conveyed, as before, a messuage, etc., in the township 
of Manafon, called Ty yn y Kelly yn ogo, purchased of John 
Lewis Williams and his wife Katherine, in the tenure of John 
Ellis ; and all that messuage, with divers parcells of lands in 
Dwyriw, called Llwyn yr Hythod, purchased of Meredith David 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 53 

ap Evan, deceased; and all that messuage, etc., in the parish 
of Llanllugan, called Place Helig, occupied by Edward Morris; 
and a messuage in same township, called Pen y llan, purchased 
of David ap Rees ap John ap David, deceased; and a mes- 
suage, etc., in the township of Syrnant, parish of Llanwnog, 
called Gorror Llewelyn, purchased of Richard ap Evan and 
Charles ap Evan, now in my possession ; and another messuage 
in Pencoed township, Llanwyddelan, called Gwayn gist, pur- 
chased of Edward David ap Owen, in my possession, to hold to 
my use for my life ; and after, one moiety to William, my son, 
his heirs and assigns, for ever ; the other to George, testator's 
son. Two youngest sous, William and George, joint executors. 

Overseers. Thomas, eldest son, John Ellis, son-in-law, John 
Blackmer, and David Stephens. 

Witnesses. Henry Stephens, John Hugh of Llanwyddelan, 
Tailor, John Stephens, Nicholas Stephens, Richard Woodinge, 
William Woodinge. 



PARISH OF LLANMEREWIG. 

Will of THOMAS GLACE of Llanmerewig ; made 12th January 
1587-8; proved 18th May 1588. 

To be buried in Llamerwick Church; towards reparation of 
same, 6s. 8d. ; to the poor there, 2.<?. To wife Elizabeth, a 
messuage in the township of Kevin y vastre, towards the 
maintenance and education of his 4 daughters, Elizabeth, 
Anne, Marie, and Bridgett, until the sum of 60 be paid to 
wife and son-in-law, John Aldvvell, by John Griffith ap Ll'en 
Madock or John Glace, eldest son of testator; then John, 
son, to have the messuage until John Griffith ap Ll'en Madock 
paid the said sum. Another messuage testator devised to 
son John and his heirs for ever. If either of his 3 lust 
recited daughters died before her marriage, then her portion 
should go to the survivors. To Margaret Price, 20 nobles, 
and a bay-coloured mare. The charge of Bridgett, youngest 
daughter, left upon his wife. Residue to wife. 

Executrix. Wife and Bridget, youngest daughter. 

Overseer. " Mr. John Price, Esquier." 

Witnesses. Richard Smith, Edward Glace the elder, Edward 
Glace the younger, Morris Bebb, Richard Riuoldes, and Gregorie 
Jones, Clerke, with divers others. 

[Long list of debts due to testator.] 



54 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Will of EDWARD GLACE, Llanmerewig ; made 21st Sept. 1607; 
proved April 2nd, 1608. 

Testator left '3s. 4d. to repaii-ing Llanmerewig Church ; to 
his landlord, Mr. Edward Price, 50s. ; 2s. to the parson of 
Llanmerewig; to Matthew ap gr., beinge a poore man of the 
same parish, 12(7. ; to son John, 6 13s. 4cZ. ; to son Anniball, 
6 13.s. 4.d. ; to son Thomas, 6 13s. 4d. ; daughter Ann, 10, 
and half the household, if her mother dies before daughter 
marries ; to Miles Norcot, uncle, 5s. ; to ffardinando, godson, 
being one of the children of my brother-in-law, Thos. James, 
one Ewe and a Lamb ; to Katherin, v'ch David, 2s. Several 
other small bequests ; residue to wife, OlyflFe Glace. 

Executor. Wife. 

Witnesses. Gregorie Jones, Clerk, and others. 



PARISH OF LLANSANTFFRAID. 

Will of JOHN DAVIE of Llansanfrayde, co. Montgomery; 
made llth March 1608. 

To Catherine, his wife, he devised his tenements and lands, 
situate in the co. of Montgomery, for ten years, rent-free ; 
the reversion to his son and heir, Edward, and his heirs for 
ever, on condition that he paid the youngest children of 
testator 15. 

Executrix. Wife. 

Witnesses. Griffith Tanat, Oliver Morris, the mark of 
Maurice Lloyd, John Griffith, Robert ap Roger, the mark of 
David ap Edward, the mark of Verch Jeu'in. 



Will of RANDALL ATKINSON/ Tanner, Llansaintffraid, Mont- 
gomeryshire ; made 4th Sept. 1618; proved 2nd 
February 1618-19. 

To wife Joyce, all testator's right and interests in two 
messuages, one in Clun, the other in Bishopcastle. To son-in- 
law, Thomas Berwick, and daughter-in-Lawe, Anne Berwick, 

1 From the Oswestry Corporation records, printed in Byegones, 
January 1879 : 

"M'd. That John Atkinson and all his children, of Deuthor, in 
the countie of Montgomery, Tanner, was sworne and made Burgesse 
the {fifteenth daye of October in the yeere of the Raigne of o'r 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE, 55 

20, equally to be divided. To his wife, a third of the 
residue ; the other two-thirds to his six children, in equal 
shares. If his wife remained unmarried, then she was to have 
the profits arising from messuage wherein he dwelt, and all 
lands thereunto belonging situate in Trewillan for 10 years, 
to maintain his children ; after, she remaining unmarried, a 
moiety of the same. 

[No witnesses mentioned in Register.] 



Will of EVAN BAUGH, Trederwen, Llansaintffraid in Mechen ; 
made 7th Oct. 1629 ; proved 28th Feb. 1636. 

Christian burial. Reparation of the Church, 3s. Ad. ; to the 
poor, 3s. 4-d. 

To wife Joane, a third part of his lands, during widow- 
hood ; if she marry, 40s. a year for life, also 20 ; part of 40 
due testator on mortgage by Lewis ap Robert ; the other 20 
to nephew Robert ap Richard ; to his wife, 4 kyne and all his 
household stuff " she brought unto me". Residue to said 
nephew. Also to nephew and his lawful heirs all testator's 
lands, implements, and stock ; also to Mary Baugh, 6s. Sd. 
To Thomas, son of Thomas Evans, a ewe and lamb ; to 
Richard, son of Rees Hopkin, a ewe and lamb ; to the children 
of Raph Burrowes, 4 lambs; to servant, John ap Edward, best 
suit; to Gwenne, vz. Hugh, maid, 2s. Residue to wife and 
nephew. 

Testator reserved for his wife certain rooms in his house, 
and space in the barns to stow her corne ; nephew to plough 
and manure for her " with his oxen". 

Executors. Kinsman Thomas Baugh, and Jeffrey Atkinson 
of Llanerch keela. 

Testator owed small sums to Jeffrey Atkinson, David Tannat, 
Margaret Atkinson. 

Witnesses. Rees ap Hopkin, John app Edward, Thomas 
Williams, Thomas Atkinson, Glerke. 



Sov'raigne Lady Elizabeth, the seven and twentieth (1585), by 
Rondell Lloyd and Griffith Kyffin, gent., Bailiffs, then present, by 
the consent of the whole Burgesses. 

"Randulph Lloyd. 
Gryff. Kyffin." 



56 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

PARISH OF LLANWNOG. 

Wills already published. 

1603 Richard Herbert of Parke, Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 234 
1624 David Vaughan of Llanwnog p. 190 

1624 Katherine Williams of Park Pen- 

pryce, Llanwnog, widow p. 203 



Will of DAVID AP HENRY 1 of Llanwnog ; made 20th December 
1590 ; proved 3rd February 1590-1. 

To be buried in the church of Llanwnog. To Thomas ap 
David, 2 eldest son, messuage where testator lived, called Tyd, 
in Oerfrod ; also 2 other messuages, one called Y tye ar y 
brinde, the other Y ty yn y Pentre, another called Bach y 
Koyd, another tenement and mill called y ty yr y ddell wen, 
all situated in the township of Treraochllow yr Koyd, in 
Llanwnog parish ; and to the said Thomas and his heirs another 
tenement called y ty Bach yn y bont, in the same township ; 
also a messuage called Dol y Scriber, bought from Davie lloid 
Blayen, 3 Esquire, deceased, lying in the township of Syrnat, in 
the said parish ; also to the said Thomas another tenement 
called y brin Gwyon, in Syrnat aforesaid. To Jevan ap David, 
my other son, a tenement and lands bought of Thomas Price, 
Esquire, and Owen ap John ap Madoc, called ty yn y greg 
vring, in the township of Tremollawir koed ; also a lease of a 
tenement called y ty yn wgi issa, in the township of Truskeod, 
parish of Carno ; also 15 of money. To son Thomas, 6, also 
10 ; to Thomas he also left cattle, etc., and to son leu'n 10 
and 2 10s., and several other sums due on mortgage of lands, 
which are described. To his daughter Elen, 40 ; also 40, 
also 20, due on mortgages and lands. He left cattle and 
sheep to his son leu'n, his wife, and daughter. Jane, wife, 
executrix. John Price, 4 Esquire, and Jankin ap Morris, over-' 

1 Lewys Dwnn gives the pedigree of David ap Henry, gent., of 
Oerffrwd, a place situate midway between the churches of Carno and 
Llanwnog, and in the latter parish (Reprint, p. 95). The following 
will is that of his widow, Jane, daughter of David ap Owen. 

2 Thomas ap David ap Henry, styled "Thomas Penrhy" by Dwnn, 
married " Mary, verch ordderch John Pryce of Hewtown, Esq.", by 
whom he had a son, James Penrhy. 

3 David Lloyd Blayney of Gregynog was Sheriff in 1577. 

4 Of JSTewtowu. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 



seers. His son Thomas and wife to keep testator's mother 
during her life, or pay her 40s., eyther of them. "Following this 
a list due and owing to testator. 

Witnesses. leu'n ap Morris ap leu'n, Rees ap Morris, leu'n 
ap Ho'll, ffrancis Lloide, Gler. 



Will of JANE/ daughter of David ap Owen, Llanwnog, widow; 
dated 20th June 1601 ; proved 28th August 1602. 

First she bequeathed the sum of 30s. towards the buying and 
providing of a new bell for the parish church of Llanwonocke, 
on condition that the parishioners would, within a year and a 
half after her death, provide and buy the said bell ; if not, the 
30s. was to be employed in repairing and amending the church, 
at the direction and oversight of Richard Herberte of the 
Parke, Esquire. 

To ffrauncis Lloyd, vicar of the said parish, 20s. ; 6s. 8d. 
towards repairing a " noyouse" highway leading from Naiit 
Gwgie towards Carno Church. 

As sole executrix of the will of her late husband, David ap 
Henrie, she bequeathed to her second son, leu'n ap David 
ap Henrie and his heirs, in lieu of a legacy left him by his 
father, certain lands in Sernant and Weeg townships, which 
she held from the grant of David Vaughau, Master of Arts ; 
and also a messuage in Carno, then in the occupation of 
one Peter Botley ; to leu'n she further bequeathed horses, 
cattle, furniture, bedding, and brass culinary utensils ; " and 
further I bequeathe to my saide son leu'n, threescore bushells 
of good, souude, sufficient, and marketable oates, and the 
same oates to be such or the like oates as shall happen to be 
had and gathered in the parish of Llanwonocke for oates 
called Kirch March, and the same oates to be cleane and suffi- 
ciently winnowed, and to be of the measure of Newtowne, after 
the rate of 20 Bushels per year for 3 years." She appointed 
Richard Herbert of Park, " Tutor, guardian, and guidor" of her 
son leu'n, and directed that all her legacies to him should 
remain in his tutor's hands for four years, he allowing leu'u 
7 yearly for maintenance. 

To David ap leu'n, son-in-law, 21 current English money, 
also cattle ; to Ellen, her daughter, 20 sheep, to have to her 

1 Testatrix was the eldest daughter of David ap Owen ap Meredith 
of Llanwnog, descended from Meredith ap Cynan (Lewis Dwuu, 
t) p. 122), aud the widow of David up Henry of OcrJl'rwd. 



58 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

own proper use; to Jenkyn Morris, 1 son-in-law, 22 12s., also 
cattle ; to David ap Jenkin, grandson, " 3 Kyen and 2 oxen," 
also 3 6s. ;. to Ellen, grand-daughter, 40s. ; and to the said 
" Ellen, and to Katherine, the daughter of Thomas ap David ap 
Henrie, my sonne, joyntlie betwene them, seaventeen shepe 
and twentie larnbes" ; to Margaret, sister, 6 ; to Edward ap 
Thomas, grandchild, 22 ; to Katherine aforesaid, daughter of 
son Thomas, 46s. Sd. ; to Chai'les Thomas, son of Thomas, my 
son, 40s. ; to Anne, vz. .Thomas, base daughter of my son 
Thomas, 20s., and. a yearling heifer ; to fiiorence, my sister, 
20s. ; to either of the two children of Florence, one sheep ; to 
Dauid ap leu'n, son-in-law (in further goodwill to him), one- 
third part of all manner of tithe-corn which shall happen to be 
growing within the township of Uchllawr Toid, in the said 
county of Montgomery, for 3 years next ensuing the date 
hereof (the tithe-corne of Thomas D'd ap Henrie, living in the 
same township, my son excepted) ; to each of the naturall 
children of Lewes ap Jo'n, my brother-in-lawe, 6s. 8d. ; to 
Margaret, my daughter, wief of the saide Jenkin Morris, 20 
lambs ; to Jenkin ap Morris, a moiety of the tithe-corn in the 
township of Maesmawr, Llandinam, for 3 years as before ; to 
Margaret his wife, 5 Ibs. of wool, " Newtowne Waighte" ; to 
Ellen, daughter, same; to Joice, vz. Owen, one pound of wool ; 
to Gwen, servant-maide of Jenkin Morris, I'2d. ; to Rees ap 
David ll'en goz of Carno, 2s. ; to Morris ap leu'n ap John of 
Llanwonocke, 2s/; to Morris ap Lewes of Llanwonocke, 2s. ; to 
Margaret, verch Lewes, 2s. ; to Marie, " wife of one Teu'n ap 
Hoell Goz, late of Caersowes, deceased, 2s. 6d." ; to Hoell goz 
of Caersowes, 2s. Qd. After the funeral expenses, debts, etc., 
paid, all the rest of her property, except the tithe-corn of 
David ap leu'n, son-in-law, she left to Thomas ap David ap 
Henrie, her eldest son, and she appointed him executor. She 
constituted Kichard Herbert of Parke, Esquire, leu'n David 
Lloyd of Moughtry, gentleman, David ap leu'n, gentleman, and 
Jenkin Morris, gentleman, overseers. Here follows a schedule 
of debts owing to testator. 

1 Her daughter Margaret married Jenkin ap Maurice ap Owen ap 
John Goch of Maesmawr, and their son, David Maurice, married Martha, 
daughter of Jenkin Lloyd of Berthllwyd (Lewis Dwnn, reprint, 
p. 35). Ellen, sister of David Maurice, married Lodowick Lewis of 
Pen Rhuddlan (?'&., p. 89). Margaret, youngest sister of testator, 
married Evan ap John Lewis of Meivod (ib., p. 122). 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 59 



Will of WILLIAM HOULTE of Llanwnog ; made 24th August 
1613 ; proved 31st December 1613. 

Body to be buried in the church of Llanwnog ; towards the 
reparation of Bangor Cathedral, 2s.', towards the foundinge and 
making of a Bell for Llanwnog Church, 20s. ; " to the poorer 
sort of people of the towne of Caersowes, xs." ; to his son 
Edward, 100 ; to Joane, wife, 100; or if his son Edward 
paid her 10 a year for life, then he was to inherit the second 
100; to Patience (grandchild), 100; if she died before 21 
years of age, then the 100 to go to testator's daughter, Marie, 
and if she died without further issue, then to son Edward. 
These several sums of money were in the hands (in different 
amounts) of Thomas ap Richard, gent., Phillipe ap Richard, 
brother toThomas, Thomas Morris, gent., William Leighton, David 
Blaine, gent., Matthew Price, gent., Lewis ap Jevan Lloyd, Evan 
David, Mores Mathew, gent., and Charles, son-in-law of testator. 
To his wife and daughter, bequests of stock, and to his wife the 
lease of the house in Caersws where he dwelt ; also the tithe- 
come and grayne of the WeeJce 1 for 4 crops, held by lease from 
Thomas Morris. To wife and daughter Marie, his household 
stuff, except his best brazen pot and his pair of flaxen sheets, 
which he devised to son Edward ; to wife and daughter, 11 
each of money in the hands of John Morris, gent. ; to his god- 
daughter, the daughter of his good landlord, Morris Mathewe, 
5 ; to the eldest daughter of Matthew Price, gent., 5 ; and 
to the eldest daughter of David Bleyney, gent., 5 ; to god- 
daughter Ellin, daughter of John Morris, gent., 20s., to be 
paid to her mother, Bridget Morris. To Thomas Gittos, god- 
son, 6s. 8d.; to Edward H. Halport, 20s.; to John Alport, 
5s. ; to Thomas Arnewaie, " my godson", 2s. ; to the wife of 
Thomas Haberlie, " my god-daughter", 2s. ; to Jane, daughter 
of Thomas Widdowes, " my god-daughter", 5s. The rest of 
his god-daughters he left to the discretion of his wife, " willinge 
her to give them 12s. apiece." To John Brown the younger, 
5s.; to Thomas Browne, George Browne, and John Browne, 5s. 
each ; to his daughter Joane (i.e., John Browne's), 5s. ; to 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Smith, 10s. Residue to son, 
Edward Houlte, whom he appointed sole executor. 

Overseers. Rees Jones, gent., Morris ap Mathewe, gent., and 
Charles Jones, son-in-law. 

Witnesses. John Waple, Launcelot Howells, John Goughe, 
cl'icum. 

1 This should be Weeg. 



60 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

List of money owing to testator. Among the names not 
already mentioned are Nicholas Herbert, 1 gent., M'ris Herbert 
of the Parke. 



Will of THOMAS SHERER, Caersws, Tanner ; made 29th June 
1618; proved 14th November 1618. 

To be buried in Llanwnog Church. 

To wife Anne, the house upon or near " the Green" 2 in 
Caersws, for life, excepting the little back Tanhouse, which I give 
to my son William, with all the leather therein ; also to Anne, 
wife, 6 kyne and 9 young beasts, 30 sheep ; also all household 
goods, excepting one feather-bed for son William. 

To Roger Phillips, nephew, one-half of the bull bought 
between me and my brother, Robert Phelips ; also to his own 
wife, 8. 

List of persons owing money follows, which money testator 
devised to his son William, whom he made executor. 

Witnesses. Robert Phillipps, leu'n ap Ellis, Thomas Evans. 



Will of OWEN AP DAVID of Llanwnog, Walker 3 ; made 22nd 
January 1622-3 ; proved 5th June 1623. 

To his wife a bequest of 5 ; rest of goods, etc., to wife Eliza- 
beth and John ap Owen, his sou, to be equally divided. 

Witnesses. Reignald ap Hugh, William ap D'd ap Ll'en, 
John Walter, Elen, vz. Cadd'r, Anne, vz. William, Lowrie, vz. 
John, Margaret Williams, Mores ap leu'n ap John. 



1 Probably the sixth son of William Herbert of Park, and younger 
brother of Richard Herbert of Park, Sheriff in 1576. "Mistress 
Herbert" was probably Elizabeth, widow of Richard Herbert of Park. 
See his will, Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 235. 

2 Asimple will; but it shows that the people of Caersws have lost some 
of their former common rights or privileges. There is no " Green", 
no village-green, at Caersws in these days. Perhaps no living person 
there ever heard of the " Green", and probably are not aware that 
Caersws once had a Tannery among its institutions. There were 
several tanneries mentioned in one of the Herbert wills, relating to 
property of that testator in Caersws. 

3 " Walker" is a peculiar word, and this is the first instance which 
I have met. Mr. Challoner Smith told me Mr. Waters, the American 
gentleman, met with two or three cases. 

" Walker" is equivalent to " Fuller" or a person who works at a 
walktnill, where they scour flannels and other woollen fabrics. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 61 

Will 1 of ANNE, vz. John Wynne, Caersws, widow, made 23rd 
May 1623 ; proved 7th July 1623. 

To grandchild Anne, vz. Richard, daughter of Eichard Phil- 
lippe, late of Caersowes, gent., deceased, 10, due to mo by 
my son-in-law, Owen Lewis of Kerry. To grandchild Thomas 
Phillipps, 46s. 8d., due to me by Richard ap Hugh of Caer- 
sowes ; also 4 due to me by my son-in-law, Thomas ap leuan 
ap Moris for 3 bullocks sold to him ; also the residue of her 
goods and chattels to the said Thomas, grandchild. 

Sole executor, the said Thomas Phillips. . 

Overseer. Brother-in-law, John Owen. 

Witnesses. Thomas Smith the elder, Richard Smiths, George 
Simes. 2 



Will of JONETT, verch David, Caersws, widow ; made 14th 
October 1629; proved 2nd February 1630-1. 

To be buried in Llanwnog Church. 

To the five children of her eldest son, 12, to be equally 
divided; to grandson Richard Powell, 5, part of 15 due by 
her son Richard Lewys; remainder to her son Robert Lewys. 
Testatrix left to her son Richard, 13, " in consideration that 
she was in his house". 

To son Robert, 3, and the half of a heyfer which was sold to 
Owen Arnway. To the 4 children of Thomas Lewis and his 
wife, 20s. each, and to grandchild Edward Lloyd, 20s. ; to the 
two daughters of Thomas Evans, grandchildren, 20s. each. The 
above 7 was in the hands of her son, Watkyn Lewys. To 
grandson Thomas, son of Richard Lewis, 20s. 

To son Robert, 20, also 14 due by Matthew Buishopp, 
also 9 to Thomas Evans and Ann his wife, half the pewter 
then in their custody, and other household stuff. To grandson 
Richard Powell, 20s. ; to daughter Alsen Lewis, 20s. Residue 
to son Robert, whom she appointed executor. 

Overseers. D'd Lloyd ap Evan and Watkin ap Robert. 

Witnesses. John Phillips, Signum, Humfrey Rees, Richard 
Powell, Thomas Evans. 

1 This will is entered in the Calendar under " Verch, etc." 

2 " Georgius Symmes de Trevegloes, gen.", on the second jury, 
16 James I, 1618. He was a witness to the will of "Edward Her- 
bert of Trefegloes" in 1604. 



62 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



Will of RICHARD POWELL of Llanwnog; proved 9th November, 
P.A. There is no date on the will. 

To be buried in Christian burial within the parish of 
Llanwnog. Towards the reparation of Bangor Cathedral, I2d. ; 
towards Llanwnog Church, 3s. 4tZ. 

To John David, son-in-law, in preferment of daughter Marie, 
his wife, 40, on condition that David ap Morris will make "a 
sufficient state upon all his lands and tenement unto the said 
John and Marie and their heirs for ever/' 

The sum of 30j due on bond by Thomas Penry, testator 
devised as follows : 10 to Ellen, his wife; 20 to son Mauris 
ap Richard, " in part towards the discharginge of his cozens 
David Lloyd Mei^edydd his children at the oversight of leu'n 
ap David, his brother-in-lawe." 

Residue to Ellen, wife, to be distributed among their six 
youngest children in such proportion as she may think fit. 
Son and heir, Morris ap Richard, to pay all testator's debt's 
" for my blessinge". 

Executrix. Ellen. 

List of debts due to testator. . Among the names, Thomas 
Blayney, Margaret Lloyd, widow of David Meredd, Mrs. Lucie 
Owens. 

Overseers. Morris Owen, Esquire, Richard Morgan, leu'n 
Morris, David Lloyd ap leu'n, leu'n ap David, Morris Powell. 



Will of MATHEW GLACE* of Llanwnog ; made 20th April 1641 ; 
proved 27th May 1641. 

To be buried in Llanwnog Church. 

To the use of the poor of Llanwnog, 3, to be put out with 
the other 17 held in trust for the poor of Llanwnog. To 
wife Anne, 12 a year for life; also her share of household 
stuff, choice of a cow, and keep for the same during life, upon 
the tenement where testator then resided, also a chamber to 
sleep in this in lieu of dower. To David, son and heir 
apparent of Matthew Thomas of Llamyrewige, his heirs and 
assigns, a tenement called Lloyne Ewin, situate in the town- 
ship of Treescob Llanwnog. 

Also a lease of a pasture called Kay yr llannerch, held 

1 Matheus Glace de Llanwnoge, gen., was on a jury of the hundred 
of Llanidloes, 10 Charles I, 1634. See will of "Thomas Glace of 
Llanmerewig" (1587). 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 63 

under Thomas ffoxe of Kerry, gent., and then in the occupa- 
tion of David Rees. 

To Isabel Thomas, daughter of Thomas Edward of Llam- 
yrewig, and Jane Mathewe, daughter of Mathewe Thomas of 
Llamyrewig aforesaid, testator devised the benefit of a lease 
worth 12 a year for 9 years. If Isabel did not marry with 
the approval of Mathewe Thomas, her brother, then her share 
of the said Lease was to go to Mathewe, the youngest son of 
the said Mathewe Thomas. The' moiety devised to Jane, 
daughter of the said Mathewe, to be paid over to Isabell 
Cooke, grandmother of the said Jane, from time to time for 
the term. 

To Mathew Thomas, testator devised the Lease of the 
place he lived in, held under Arthur Pryce of Yaynor, Esq., with 
all his stock, household, etc., except what he had bequeathed 
to wife Ann ; and to Robert ap Oliver, son of Olever Humfreys 
of Llanwnog, a 3-year-old grey mare. Also 2 other sons and 
two daughters of the said Oliver, 4 yearling beasts. 

To Katherine, daughter of Matliewe Buishop, 2 yearling 
beasts, and one yearling to Mathewe Buishop's youngest 
daughter. 

To Thomas Glace, son of Hugh Glace, to Hugh, second son, 
a horse each. 

To John D'd ap Lewes of Wege, a 2-year-old colt; to 
Mathewe, son of John D'd, a yearling colt. 

To the youngest son of Hugh Glace, 20s. ; to Hugh Glace's 
daughter, 20s. 

To John Price of Park, Esquire, " one greate roane mare, 
which hath a yearelinge colt sucking on her, which said coult 
I give and bequeath unto Evan Lloyd of Llanunoge, for 
writing this my last will and testament". To son and heir 
apparent of the said John Price, Esq., " a 2-year old ambling 
Philly"; to Mathewe, son of Thomas Phillipps, a 4-yr. old 
sheep. 

To Thomas ap Edward of Llamyrewig, the benefit of a lease 
held under Meredith Morgan, Esq., deceased, of a messuage 
situate in Uchlanyrcoed, in Llanwnog. To John Davies, 
Clerke, Curate of Llanwnog, " 8s. , towards his paines in preach- 
ing my fun'all sermon". 

Testator further devised : To Mathew, son of Richard Hum- 
fry, a ewe and Lamb ; to his own wife sufficient maintenance 
till she secured the first instalment of her annuity. 

Matthew, son of Mathew Thomas of Llanmerewig, executor, 
to whom also he devised the residue. 

" To Jane, wife of Thomas ffox of Kery, gent., three of my 



64 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

greatest cheeses"; a sheep each to his servant-man and three 
maids. 

Witnesses. John Price, Evan Lloyd, Morris Powell, Thomas 
Phillips, John Owen. 

[Long list of debts due to testator. Among the names 
mentioned are : Morris Price of Stradvaylog, William Baxter, 
Arthur Price, Vayuor, 80, Richard Lewis, Maesmaure, and 
many others.] 



PAEISH OF LLANWYDDELAN. 

Will of GRIFFITH LL'EN al's GRIFFITH LEWIS, late of Little 
Chelsley, in the co. of Worcester, now of Llanwythelan, 
co. Montgomery ; made 6th September 1623 ; proved 
10th June 1624. 

Towards the reparation of Llanwyddelan Church, 6s. Sd. ; 
all the rest of his goods, etc., in Worcestershire, Hereford- 
shire, testator bequeathed the same to his natural brother, 
Thos. ap Ll'en al's Lewes ; to nephew John D'd ap Mathewe 
and Godchild David, son of the said John, 10, which John 
owed testator; and in consideration for this they were to give 
testator's brother 10s. a year for the life of his brother Thomas. 
Also to Thomas testator devised all he had at Llanwyddelan ; 
" but my will is that the said Thomas shall use his friends 
well." 

He appointed Thomas sole executor. 

[Here follows a list of names of persons who owed testator 
money, and the amounts.] 

Witnesses. John Rees and his wife. 



PARISH OF MACHYNLLETH. 

Will previously printed. 

1628 David Lloyd ap Hugh of Machynlleth. 

Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 226. 



Will of GEFFREY HUGHES ; made 13th Aug. 1532 ; proved 
2nd July 1533. 

Testator is described as citizen and merchant taylour of 
London, and one of the Kinge's Gouerners of his Tower of 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 65 

London. Testator, whose will does not exhibit any special 
connection with Montgomeryshire, left the sura of 6 13s. 4d. 
"towardes the making of a bridge at the towne of Mathanleth, 
in Wales." 

Will of MEREDITH LEWES of Machynlleth, Mercer; made 
9th May 1622 ; proved 2nd Nov. 1622. 

To be buried in Machynlleth Church. 

Testator mentions that he held land in mortgage from 
Rowland Pugh, Esq., and from David Thomas, from Edward 
Owen, gent., deceased, from Moris ap Rhydderch all which 
he devised to his wife Catherine, her heirs and assigns for 
ever; in consideration whereof, he, first appointing his wife 
executrix, bound her to pay his debts and the following 
legacies. To his son John Meredith, 20 ; son Evan, 20 ; 
son David, 20 ; son Rowland, 20 ; son Richard, 20 ; daugh- 
ter Jane, 20 ; towards reparation of the church, 2s. Residue 
to wife. 

Overseers. Thomas ap John David ap Gwilim and his 
brother, Edward Lewis. 

[A. list of debts and persons owing same follows, also debts 
due by testator.] 

Witnesses. Richard Roberts, Clerke, Ro. Lewes, Robert 
Edwards, Thomas ap John, Evan Lewis, Willi' Griffith. 



Will of ROWLAND OwEN 1 of Machynlleth, Esq. ; made 26th 
October 1635 ; proved 31st January 1635-6. 

To be buried in Machynlleth Church, " in my owne Chauncell 
there"; towards the reparation of the said church, 13s. 4-d. ; 
towards reparation of St. Asaph Cathedral, 3s. 4:d. ; to the poor 
of Machynlleth, 10s. 

Testator devised a messuage called Cwm Kadian, in the 
parish of Pennal, to his sons and daughters, John, Richard, 
Gwen, Margaret, and Bridgett, to hold the same till they 
collect to their own use from the rents 220, namely, 60 of 
rents to son John, 60 to daughter Margaret, then son Richard 
40, then daughter Bridgett 60. Then to nephew and niece, 

1 Testator was of Llunllo, and Sheriff in 161 1. " His son and heir- 
apparent, Thomas Owen," was Mayor of Machynlleth, 20 James I, and 
as "Thomas Owen of Llonlloth, gen.", on the grand jury, 10th May, 
15 Charles I. 

VOL. XXIV. F 



66 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Hugh Jones and Elizabeth Jones, children of John ap Hugh 
David, deceased, 12 to Hugh, 10 to Elizabeth. 

Then testator devised the said messuage and all his other 
messuages to his son and heir-apparent, Thomas Owen, for life ; 
then to Rowland Owen the younger, son and heir-apparent to 
the said Thomas, for his life ; then to the heirs male of the 
body of the said Rowland, lawfully to be begotten, and then 
to their heirs. In default, then to the heirs male of the body 
of the said Thomas ; in default, then to testator's son, Rowland 
Owen, Master of Arts, wfth similar limitations in default; 
then to the heirs male of testator's son John and his heirs, 
as befoi^e ; in default, to son Richard, with like limitations ; 
in default, then to the right heirs of son Thomas Owen for 
ever. 

In case son Thomas and grandson Rowland died without 
lawful issue then living, and without any competent portion 
provided for the preferment of his daughters, then testator 
directed that such of his sons as should be in possession should, 
within four years after the decease of the preceding life-tenant, 
pay to the daughters of the said Thomas, namely, Elizabeth, 
Susanna, Marie, Hester, and Jane, the sum of 400 100 to 
Elizabeth, the other 300 to be equally divided between the 
other four daughters of the said Thomas. 

To son Thomas, testator's black gelding ; to son Rowland, 
biggest red mare and her red ambling filly, and his biggest 
gold signet ; to son Thomas, his silver salt " saler" ; all his 
kyne and sheep he left to his (testator's) wife Elizabeth, 1 
and daughters Margaret and Bridget, to be equally divided ; 
all the rest of his goods to his wife, whom he nominated sole 
executrix. 

"Whereas I owed to Samuel Lloyd, late mercer of Ludlow, 
about 20 by single specialties, and orders of the Councell of 
the Marches of Wales, which debt was paid long ago by me 
and my tenants, David ap Richard and Owen David, to the 
hands of Oliver Swayne of Machinlleth, to the use of the said 
Samuel Lloyd, the said Oliver having a Letter of Attorney to 
receive the same, and whereof he was to pay part himself, 
which I allowed him in Rent, that he was to pay me for Lands 
which he did hould by my demise of the yearly value of about 
fower poundes. and yet notwithstanding I paid all the said 
debt, I could not to this day have upp the said specyaltyes, 

1 She was the elder daughter of Eichard Pugh of Mathavarn (ap 
Rowland ap John ap Hugh). (Lewys Dwnn's Visitations, reprint, 
p. 73 ; Cedwyn MS., Mont. Coll., vol. x, p. 25.) 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 67 

nor dischardge from the said debt. I owed to Thomas Lloyd, 
a poor man of this parish of Machenlleth, the some of 3, by a 
specyalty whereof I paid unto him 10s., and, by an agreement 
made betweene him and me, the other 50s. are to be paid in 
sort following, (viz.) 20s. 15th next November, 10s. May next, 
10s. 15th November 1636, the other 10s. May 1637 ; which 
debt I wishe to be paid unto him in sort aforesaid ; he doth alsoe 
affirme that I doe owe unto him 3 more, which I remember 
not, and yet I appoint my executrix to pay the same, if he will 
depose before an officer that I doe owe the same unto him, and 
that he is thereof unpaid. Whereas I appointed all the lands 
which my son Thomas Owen doth now possesse and enioy, 
except the close now in the hands of Mary, vz. Howell Bedow, 
which I bought of Rowland Thomas ap Owen, to be the join- 
ture of Joyce, his now wife, I doe by this my will and testa- 
ment confirme and appoint the said lands, except the said close, 
to be the jointure for his said wife if she survive him, and the 
2 fat Kine which I lately bought and are not yet killed, which 
I bequeath to my executrix, she paying for them at May next 
the price they cost, 4 2s." 

Testator then mentions he had bought and provided for the 
chamber of his daughter ' Elizabeth, giving an inventory of 
them, and directing his executrix, in whose custody they were, 
to deliver them to his daughter and her husband, Griffith 
leu'ns. 

Witnesses. Lewis Jenijs, Griffith Evans, Morris Jones, 
Lewis Lewis, Tho. Lewis. 



PARISH 1 OF MAINSTONE. 

Wills previously printed. 

1555 leu'n ap Gruffyth of Maenston, Mont. Coll,, vol. xix, p. 39 

1558 Maurice ap Cadwaladr of Main- 

stone p. 41 

1559 Kichard ap Howell (Powell) of 

Ednop vol. xxi, p. 182 
1674 Katryne Howell v. Moryce, vid., 

Maynstone vol. xix, p. 47 

1600 Griffith ap Evan, Mainstoue p. 62 

1612 John David Goch, Mainstone ,, p. 66 
1633 Richard Powell of Edenop, alias 

Ednop vol. xxi, p. 186 

1 Partly in Montgomeryshire and Shropshire. 

F 2 



68 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



Will of RICHARD EDWARDS/ Castlewright ; made 10th June 
1637 ; proved 5th June 1638. 

Christian burial. To the poor of Mainstone, 5s. ; to the poor of 
Churchstoke, 5s. To Samuel Edwards testator bequeathed the 
lease of a tenement in the parish of Churchstoke, called Dole, 
held by testator under William Blunden, Esq., with this con- 
dition, that if testator's brother, Hugh Edwards, paid the said 
Samuel Edwards 100, then the said Hugh should have the 
lease for the residue of the term of years. To sister Jane, for 
life, the tenement wherein she liveth, lying in Castlewright, 
also 20 to divide among her children ; to Sara Edwards, my. 
god-daughter, 50 ; to the three sons of Samuel Edwards, 
namely, Adam, Edward, and Samuel, 5 each. To sister, for 

life, a tenement called Plas ucha and Plas , in Llandinam, 

held by me in mortgage from William Harbert, deceased ; after 
her decease to nephew Lodwick Lewis and his heirs and 
assigns ; to nephew William Price, 5 ; to my reputed son 
John Edwards, 5 ; to my nephew Lodwick Lewis, 50 ; to 
my godson Moris Lewis, 5 ; to Mary Price, one heifer and 
one bullock. Testator directed that all his apparel should be 
divided between Adam Edwards, William Price, and John 
Edwards, his reputed son. 

Executors. Nephews Samuel Edwards, Lodwick Lewis, to 
whom he devised the residue. 

Overseers. Griffith Middleton and Charles Price. 

Witnesses. Richard Powell, Henry ap John, John Wilson. 

Codicil. To nephew William Price, 5 more, which my 
nephew Charles Price must pay at Michaelmas. 



1 Testator's pedigree is given by Lewys Dwnn, Reprint, pp. 140-1, 
under " Edwards of Castle Try nn". Edward ap Howell, descended 
from Lord d'Elboeuf, sister's son to William the Conqueror, had three 
sons an'd four daughters by his wife Elen, daughter of Peter Middle - 
ton of Middleton, Chirbmy. John, his eldest son, father of Samuel 
Edwards mentioned, was the ancestor of the Edwards of Peutre. 
Testator was his second son. Anne, the eldest daughter of Edward 
ap Howell, married, probably as his second wife, Maurice ap Lewis of 
Pen Rhuddlan, the father of Ludovick Lewis. (Lewys Dwnn, 
Reprint, pp. 88, 141.) 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 69 

Will of ELIZABETH LEWIS of the Township, Castlewright, 
widow; made 4th Jan. 1637-8; proved 26th June 1638. 

Christian burial. 

To Ursula, daughter, wife of Evan ap John, 20 ; to Mar- 
garet, daughter, wife of William Morgan, 20 ; to ffrancis, 
daughter, wife of Hugh David, 10 ; to fflorence, daughter, 
wife of Edward Jones, 9 9s. 

To son John James, some brass utensils, wainscotting, and 
other household goods, including " one great weeting vessell". 

The rest to son John, and daughters Ursula, Margaret, and 
fflorence, in equal shares. 

Son John to pay the above legacies, in consideration for 
which testatrix devised to him a messuage, lands, etc., in Mel- 
lington, which she had purchased from Alexander ap Edmond. 
To Margaret, Bridgett, and Elizabeth, three of the daughters 
of Hugh James (testatrix's son), deceased, one of her bestkyne 
to each ; to grandchildren James and Margaret, children of 
Evan ap John, a cow each ; to Priscilla, daughter of Edward 
Jones, a cow ; to Elizabeth, daughter of son John, a cow ; to 
grandchildren (four of them) of Hugh David, 2 sheep each; 
to. her grandchildren, the three sons of Edward Jones, two 
sheep each ; to the three sons of William Morgan, two sheep 
each ; to Margaret, daughter of Evan ap John, two sheep ; to 
grandchild John, son of John James, two sheep ; to Elizabeth, 
grandchild, daughter of Hugh James, two sheep ; to Elizabeth 
Gething, 20s. ; to servant Elnor, 5s. ; to Edward Morris, ser- 
vant, 10.<?. ; to John, Margaret, and Ursula, all corn, butter, aud 
cheese ; to son John, 20. 

Executors. Son John, sons-in-law William Morgan and 
Evan ap John. 

Witnesses. Edward Morris, Elizabeth Gething, Elinor Hugh, 
Richard Bowen, Scr. 



PARISH OF MANAVON. 

Will of JOHN DAVIES of Dwyrhiew, Manafon ; made 28th 
April 1638; proved 9th Nov. 1638. 

To be buried in Llanvair Church ; to the poor of Llanvair, 
16s. yearly, being the interest of 10, which I bequeath for 
ever towards the said poor, the. said 10 to remain in the 
hands of David ap John Ed'd and Morgan Griffith, their heirs 
and assigns for ever. 



70 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

To Morgan Griffith, bro.-in-law, and Elizabeth his wife, 5 ; 
to Elize ap Robert and Ellen his wife, 5 ; to Margaret Evan, 
the wife of David ap Robert, 3 ; to Elizabeth, verch Evan, 
my niece, 40s. ; to Ellen ap Harry, niece, 3 ; to Elizabeth, 
verch Evan the younger, 20s. ; to Lowry, verch Griffith, 20s. 

Towards the reparation of Llanweddelan Church, 20s., which 
is in the hands of Jane, wife of Mr. Griffith, Rector of the 
said parish ; to the poor of the said parish, 26s. 8d. Towards 
my burial, 40s. 

Residue to executors, David ap John D'd and Morgan 
Griffith. 

Overseers. Thomas D'd and Elize ap Robert. 

Witnesses. Meredith Dauid, Dauid ap Ed'd, Edward D'd, 
David Morris, Cler., and others. 



PARISH OF MEIFOD. 

Will (Nuncupative) of JOHN BROOKES, late of Meifod ; made 
; proved 12th Aug. 1639. 

He gave his messuage and lands where he lived, called 
Glasscoed, and his household stuff and corn, to his father and 
mother, Thomas and Elizabeth Brookes, for life. To Elizabeth 
Brookes, his wife, he gave a tenement called Tythyir Chidly, 
in lieu of jointure, and also 50 which was in the hands of 
her mother, Barbara Harbert. He gave 100 to Thomas 
Baylee, his nephew and sister's son ; he gave 100 to John 
Brookes, his base son, to be left in the hands of Thomas 
Brookes, brother of deceased, to be improved for the said 
John. He gave to his sister Margaret 4 a year. 

Residue to brother Thomas. 

Letters of administration issued to Thomas Brookes, brother. 



PARISH OF MONTGOMERY. 

Abstracts from wills already printed. 

1545 David ap leu'u of Montgomery, Mont. Coll., vol. xix, p. 36 

1547 John Pase p. 37 

1559 Nycolas Cooke p- 42 

15GO Elen Lloyd p. 43 

1561 Moris ap Gruff. p. 43 

1566 John ap Griffith alias 

Goch p. 45 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 71 

1569 John George of Montgomery, Mont. Coll., vol. xix, p. 46 

1571 George ap levan p. 47 

,, Howell ap David ,, ,, p. 47 
1574 Matthew ap Griffith of Court Calde- 

more p. 47 
1589 Francis Griffith of Montgomery p. 55 
William Meredith p. 55 
David ap David, the Crigion, Mont- 
gomery p. 56 
Margaret Broughton, Vid., of Morgan 

Broughton of Montgomery p. 57 

1591 Richard Lloyd of Montgomery p. 58 

1592 Edward Herbert of Montgomery vol. xxi, p. 239 

1597 William Whittingham of the towne 

of Montgomery ,, p. 244 

1598 Richard Mores of Montgomery ,, vol. xix, p. 61 
1602 Lewes Evans of the Towne of Mount- 

gomery vol. xxi, p. 157 
1609 Reginald Griffith of Montgomery vol. xix, p. 64 
1613 Harry ap Thomas Llewelyn of Mont- 
gomery p. 66 
1620 Thomas Aid well of Montgomery p. 70 
1633 Richard Broughton ,, ,, p. 76 
Robert Broughton vol. xxi, p. 189 



Will of ROBERT WALTER of Montgomery ; made 16th June 
1563; proved 6th March 1563-4. 

Testator devised all his goods to his loving sons William 
and John Walter; also all his leases of lands, except one 
granted to testator and his assigns of the house wherein he 
lived, which lease he devised to his son John.- 

To Alice his wife, if she survived him, 10; daughter 
Margerie, 10. If wife married, sons to remove Margerie 
from her, and they to maintain her; if she died, her portion 
to be divided among the other children. To daughter Mabell 
and her 3 children, 40s., to be equally divided ; daughter 
Alice and her 2 children, 40s., divided as before ; daughter 
Margaret, 20s., " and one hayford of the age of two yeres"; to 
Joh'ne, daughter of Sir William, a 2-yr.-old heifer. 

Executors. William and John (sons). 

Witnesses. Hugh Tusdan, Richard Hicks, George Mynton, 
Nicholas Cowre, and John Davies, Clerke. 



72 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Will of WILLIAM SYMONDES of Stallo, Montgomery, yeoman, 
made 27th June 1577 ; proved 18th Oct. 1578. 

Towards the reparation of the church where he happened to 
be buried, 3s. 4e. ; to the relief of the poor, 40s. ; 5 for his 
funeral expenses. 

Testator appears to have had no lawful children. He be- 
queathed 4d to each of his godchildren. 

Testator mentioned that he owed Edward Harbert, Esquier, 
20, payable at the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, Anno 
1578 (this probably was for rent). The residue he left to his 
wife Anne, whom he appointed sole executrix. 

Witnesses. John Jones of Salop, butcher, Edward hockle- 
ton, John Lynne, Hugh ap humfrey, with others. 



Will of (dated 8th December 1584) Moms CADWALADER/ 
parish of Montgomery ; proved 21st May 1585. 

To be buried in parish Churche at discretion of my son 
Hugh Moris, 2 Clerk. To Hugh Moris and heires all landes, 
tenements, Burga'ges, gardens, orchards, etc., in the parishes 
and liberties and franchises of Mont', co. Mont'y (" excepting 
whatsoever I have given heretofore to my Sonne Edward 
Moris bydeede within the saydeLib'tie and parishe of Mont'y"). 
To said Hugh Moris and heirs, 4 acres, with a cottage called 
Tir Robyn, in Township of Weston Madock, co. Montgom'y 
all these in default of issue to H. M. to go to son Morgan M. 
and heirs after for his life, in default of heirs, to William 
Moris, and in default to d. Jane, " nowe wief unto Lewys 
jEvanse," 2 and her heirs, and in default to his " right heeires"; 
to poor of parish, 10s.; repairing highways in Mont' parish, 
10s. To son Morgan M., " nowe in his full and peaceable 
possession beinge", all right and title which I have or here- 
after may have unto a parcel of meadow grounde of one 
Richard ap Thomas of the p'she of Churchstoke, and 6 on 
mortgage on the same. To d. Mary, " one cowe, now in 
custody of Moris ap John ap Ho'll of Llanwchhylan (Llan- 
wyddelan), and a 3-yr.-old fyllye and a bushell of rye." 

1 See the will of his father, " Cadwallader ap leu'n ap Madock of 
the parish of Churchstoke", dated 1559, Mont. Coll., vol. xxii, p. 292, 
where his brothers and sisters are mentioned. 

2 He was Vicar of Montgomery. 

3 Of Montgomery. See his will, Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 157, n. 4. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 73 

To d. Elizabeth, a covve and a mare now in the possession 
of her husband, William Broughton, which heretofore I didd 
but lend unto him. 

To d. Jane, one bearinge (breeding) wylde mare of six 
yeares old, now in the custody of William ap Ho'll ap Rees 
Wyn. 

To son William, one cowe, in custody of v'rch leu'n ap 
Moris Dee, late deceased, a yearling calfe, and a bushell of 
rye. 

To Ellen, my mayde servaunt, 10s., and a yearlinge heyfer. 

All rest chattels unbequeathed to son H. M., " to see my 
debtes payde and my funerall discharged". Appoints H. M. 
sole ex'r. Revokes all former wills, etc., and " appoints this 
to be my last will and testament, and only to be and stande in 
full force and effect, and none other. Theise beinge wittnes : 
Morgan Moris, Jane Moris, etc." 



Will of THOMAS AP HoLL 1 of Montgomery ; made 22nd Sept. 
1587 ; proved 20th Oct. 1587. 

Persons mentioned in will : Son Evan, son Humfrey, 
son Edward, Ellen, wife, Cadd'r ap Hugh of Berrye, Richard 
ap Rees Bache, Richard ap Ivan ap John of Bronlloye, Holl 
ap David ap Holl of Courte, Walter ap John George, Reynold 
ap David, William Dacks 2 of Pentre-y-ernante in the parish 
of fibrdyn, John 3 ap Hugh ap Griffith, son to Hugh ap Gruff 
late of Dudstone ; Hugh Morris, elk., parson of Montgomery; 
Evan ap Richarde ; Agnes, wife of Evan ap Ll'en of the Gayre, 
John ap Matthew of Forden, nephew Edward George's son, 
Reynold Gruff, Robert Peers. 

Wife and Edward (son), joint executors. John Powell, my 
loving and natural brother, overseer. 

Witnesses Rees ap Edward Holl, David ap Holl, Cadd'r ap 



1 Or Thomas Powell. As he mentions " my loving and natural 
brother (i.e., by the same father and mother) John Powell", testator 
was probably identical with Thomas, the fifth son of Richard ap 
Howell or Powell of Ednop, by his wife Anne, daughter of David 
Yonge, lord of the manor of More, Lydham. 

2 See the will of "William Dackus of Pentrenant" (Forden), 
dated 2nd February 1613-14. (Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 232.) 

3 Will of "Hugh ap Gryffythe" of Dudstcm, Chirbury, dated in 
1577 (Mont. Coll., vol. xix, p. 48). That of his son, " John ap Hugh 
of Dudstou, Chirbury," is dated 1589 (fb., p. 56). 



74 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

John ap Rees, Edward George, Richard Edwardes, and Hugh 
Morys, clerk and parson of the parishe. 



Will of RICHARD AP EDWARD of the parish of Montgomery ; 
dated 9th June 1598 ; proved 26th October 1598. 

Directs .that his body should be buried within the high 
chauncell of the parish churche of Montgomery. 

To Richard, his eldest son, he left all his lands, etc., situated 
in the parish of Berriew, also other tenements in Montgomery 
parish : to Marie, his eldest daughter, testator bequeathed 
7 14s., several other sums of money, his best yoke of oxen, and 
28 lambs, 2 heifers, one 3 the. other 2 years old, and now beinge 
in ffarme with William ap Thomas of the parish of Llanbrynmair. 
To his daughter Margaret he left a sum of money then secured 
as a mortgage on 'lands in the parish of Llandyssil, also other 
bequests ; to Lowrie, his daughter, a sum of 22s., which David 
ap John Lollo of the parish of Beriwe owed testator. 

He bequeathed to his several children portions of his house- 
hold goods and cattle, etc. ; to Elyn, his wife, he left the 
messuage he lived in and all lands belonging to him in Mont- 
gomery parish for the uuexpired term of his lease, towards 
bringing up and finding his children with meat ; and other 
bequests. 

Executors. Son Richard, John ap Meredith ap leu'n Lloyd, 
and Elis ap Robert Win. 

Overseers. Hugh Morris, clerk, Edward Morris, gent. 

Witnesses. Edward Georg, John ap M'dedd, Richard ap 
David, Morrice ap Richard, Richard Reynolds. 

Will of JOCOSA CRUMPE of Montgomery; made 20th June 1621; 
proved 8th February 1621-2. 

To be buried in the chu'rch or churchyard of Montgomery. 

To daughter Jane, wife of Russell , 40s.; to daughter 

Catherine, 2s., and her daughter Sara, 5s. ; to my well-beloved 
daughter Elizabeth, all testator's goods whatsoever. 

Witnesses. Mathew ap John, Richard ap Powell, Winifred 
Powell, Edmond Lloyd. 

Will of RICHARD DAVIES of Kairehowell, Montgomery ; made 
29th April 1627 ; proved 12th February 1627-8. 

To be buried in Montgomery Church, " within the Chauncell 
of St. Lawrence." 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 75 

To William Davies, son and heir, all mortgage lands in the 
parishes of Montgomery, Kerry, and elsewhere, and to his 
heirs and assigns for ever. Also to son William, all his 
movable goods, corn, hay ; he, the said son, to pay all testator's 
debts for which Richard Davies, " my brother", John Bennett, 
and Joseph Bennett, are sureties. To Reece ap Richard and 
Ann his wife, a moiety of all testator's household stuff in his 
possession at Kay Howell ; the other moiety in equal parts to 
" Lucy my wife and Elizabeth my daughter", wife of John 
Bennett. William, son, to keep Lucy, testator's wife, during 
her life, " fitt for a woman of her degree" ; if she disliked the 
same, then William to pay her 4 a year. 

To John Bennett, son-in-law, testator devised a house and 
messuage in the tenure of Richard ap Jevan, lying within the 
borough of Montgomery, in a street there called Arthur Street, 
between the lands of Katherine Whittingham, widow, at the 
one end, and the house of Lewis Morgan at the other, and the 
street called Charbury Street on the one side and the said 
Arthur Street on the other. 

Residue to son William, whom he appointed sole executor. 

Overseers Richard Davies and Reece ap Richard. 

Witnesses. Richard Davis, Richard ap John, Jevan ap 
Richard, Hugh Bennett, Griffith ap John, John Davies. 



Will of JENKIN AP REES of Montgomery; made 18th June 
1628 ; proved 26th September 1628. 

To be buried in Montgomery Church. 

To wife Elizabeth, my mansion-house wherein I now doe 
dwell, with gardens, backside, etc., together with the tann- 
house thereto belonging, in the tenure of Reignold Lloyd, to 
her and her assigns for life ; after, to Jane Price, my sole 
daughter, for the use and behoof of the right heirs of Jane 
for ever. 

To wife Elizabeth, 40 ; also cattle, household stuff, etc., 
equally between wife and daughter. Residue to Jane, daughter. 
If Jane married without the consent of her mother, George 
Savage 1 of Dudston, gent., and Morris Owen of Castlewright, 

1 Catherine (No. 2), daughter of Sir Richard Herbert of Mont- 
gomery, Knight, by his wife Anne, married, first, John Benion, and 
secondly, " Geo. Savage" (Lewys Dwnn's Visitations, reprint, p. 112). 
In the Chirbury Churchwardens' accounts of Richard Lloyd of Mar- 
rington, and his brother Edmond Lloyd of Stockton, in 1604, 
" Catherine Savage, wydowe", occupied, in the church plan, a "Dud- 



76 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

gent., then the devise to Jane became void, and he left her in 
lieu, I2d. 

Executors. George Savage, Morris Owen. 

Witnesses. John Davies, Edward ap Richard Baker, Thomas 
Lloyd, John Davies. 



Will (Nuncupative) of RICHARD AP OWEN, Montgomery, 
Yeoman ; made 13th February 1 628-9 ; proved 9th April 
1629. 

To Thorn as ap Richard, son, two oxen, one cow ; to Katherine, 
verch Richard, daughter, one cow and 8 ; to Mary, daughter, 
5 ; to John up Richaixl, son, 6 and one heifer ; to Edward ap 
Richard, son, two bullocks, one heifer, and 3. Residue to 
Katherine, wife. 

Witnesses. Richard ap leu'n ap Moris, Richard ap David, 
Sara, the wife of David ap David ap Mathew, and Alice Morgan, 
which was published by word of mouth the 13th of February 
1628-9 ; Richard ap David, his X ; Alice Morgan, X ; Sara, wife 
of Edward David ap Mathew, her X. 



Will of JOHN ' BERWICK, Montgomery ; made 20th May 1639 ; 
proved 18th October 1639. 

To be buried in Montgomery Church. To Richard, his son 
and heir, 5s. ; likewise to each of his three children, Edward, 
Thomas, and Elinor, 5s. each ; to son-in-law Richard David, and 
Gwenyfryd my daughter, 12s. Wife Anne, sole executrix, to 
whom he devised the residue. 

Among a list of names owing testator money the following 
are mentioned : Humfry John Meredith of Kerry ; Catherine 
Aldwell, widow, town of Montgomery ; Hugh Bennett, Mont- 
gomery town. 

Witnesses. Hugh Bennett, Robert ap David, Edward Price. 

ston" pew. George Savage above was probably her son. " Thomas 
Savage, gent.", paid the chief poor-rate for Dudston in the above 
year, 1604. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 77 

PARISH OF MOUGHTRE. 

Will previously printed. 
1(510. David Lloyd Morgan of Mochdre, Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 192. 



Will of WILLIAM AP HOWELL AP REES WYNNE of Mochdre ; 
made 15th September 1610 ; proved 14th October 1611. 

Towards reparation of Mochdre Church, 5s.; to the poor of 
Mochdre, 5s. 

Testator devised to Winefred, his wife, his messuage called 
y ty y w y wern, and so much of a parcel of land called Errow 
oly ynynant and Llechwrth y Kyne as can summer 4 Kynye, 
and a parcel of land called lletyeynywerne and Kay newith, 
situate in Mochdre, in the township of Eskergillocke, so long 
as she shall remain a widow, and that she, with my nephew, 
Evan ap Oliver, do inhabit my mansion house. To his son-in- 
law, Edward ap Rees of Glandewlas, and nephew Evan ap 
Oliver, he left the said tenement called y ty ynwerne, in mort- 
gage to him, with lands called Errow ty ynarth, llechwith y 
Kyvie, llety yn ywerne, Kay newith, Kay Cadogan, Gwyrglyth 
pystell y betting ; that is, one-half to Edward ap Rees and 
his heirs begotten on the body of his now wife Elen, and the 
other half to his said nephew ; in default of issue, to the right 
heirs of each of them for ever. If the said property was 
redeemed of the mortgage upon it, then 60 to Edward ap 
Rees and 40 to his nephew. To his wife, testator devised 
stock, household stuff, and implements ; to Edward ap Rees, 
stock, amongst them 23 goats, to the wife of the said Edward, 
and sheep to Margaret, daughter of the said Edward. To 
Thomas and Edward, sons of the said Edward, a bay mare ; 
to William, another son, a mare; to Elen, wife of Edward, 20 
cheeses ; to Evan ap Olever, nephew, two best black oxen, 
two kyrie, 20 sheep, and 23 goats, a bay and a grey mare, and 
other horses. All his corn, hay, etc., to his wife and nephew ; 
to his niece Margaret, verch Oliver, " seven kine in caulfe", 
also oxen and sheepe, also 7, a bed coverlet, pair of sheets, 
and half his pewter ; to Elen, wife of the said Edward ap 
Rees, the other moiety. To his nieces Elen and Elizabeth, 
daughters of Oliver ap Thomas of Mochdre, 44 sheep ; to 
nephew John ap Oliver, sheep and horses ; to Richard ap 
Griffith, a boy-servant, a ewe and lamb ; to Thomas ap John, 
" an infant now in my house", a ewe and lamb ; to son-in-law 
Edward ap Rees, 7 and 4 17s. Qd. owing to testator by 



78 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Robert Rowland of Newtown and Richard Phillip of Llan- 
dinam, and 5 3s. 3d. due to testator by Robert Brownsword 
of Newtown, as surety for John Owen of Newtown, and 3 
due to him by Elice Evans, Clerk. To Edward ap Rees and 
Evan ap Oliver testator devised 15 " wilde beasts", to be 
equally between them parted by Oliver ap Thomas and Thomas 
ap Evan ; to servant Lewis ap David, :c a weaned calfe of this 
yere^; to Evan ap Oliver, all the residue. 

Executor. Edward ap Rees of Glandulas. 

Overseers. Oliver ap Thomas and Richard Rowff. 

Witnesses. William ap Howell, Richard Rowff, John Oliver, 
Thomas ap Evan, Lewis ap David, and of me, Arthur Vaughan. 



Will of DAVID JAMES of Mochdre ; made loth January 1633-4 ; 
proved 3rd July 1634. 

To be buried in Mochdre Chjirch. Towards the reparation 
of the said church, 3s. 4d.; towards building a bridge at Reiver 
Girt, 3s. 4d.; to the poor of the parish, 3s. 4f?.; to Ann, verch 
John, wife of testator, several cattle and ewes, also horses. 

To Margaret, his daughter, 13 10s., in the hands of Richard 
Lloid of Moughtrey, 1 2 oxen, 1 cow, 2 heifers, 30 sheep, and 
2 mares and their fillies ; to Gwen, daughter, a cow, heifer, 
and 3 bullocks, " and I further give her fifteen and threescore 
sheepe, beinge att bargaine with Hovvell ap Evan and Rees 
ap Evan of the parish of Llanwnogg", two mares, one filly, and 
40s. All household stuff equally between the two daughters ; 
to his wife Anne, 40s., 20s., and 6s., 4, and other small sums 
owing testator from persons who are named in the will. 

Wife, sole executrix. If either daughter died before at- 
taining the age of 14, the other to take her share. 

Witnesses. John George, Richard ap John, William Rowffe. 



PARISH OF NEWTOWN. 
Wills previously printed. 

1602 John Price of Newtown Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 194. 
1605 James Thomas alias Pryce 

of Newtown p. 207. 

1627 Edward Price of Newtown p. 197. 

1 See the will of his father, " David Lloyd Morgan of Mochdre", 
(1610), Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 192, n. 1. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 79 

Will of GRIFPITHE AP DAUID AP IEU'N GWYN of Newtown ; 
made 19th December 1587; proved 18th May 1588. 

To be buried in the parish church of Newtown. All his 
goods to be divided in 3 parts at the oversight of " Thomas 
Wyn, my brother", and Robert Pridden, clerk, 2 parts to go 
to testator's daughter, Margarett, v'ch Griffithe Wyn, and the 
3rd to his wife Katherin; the mortgage money due to testator 
by R's David ap leu'n Gwyn upon lands in Mochdre and 
Newtown to be paid to his daughter aforesaid, to go towards 
the redemption of testator's land mortgaged to Meredith ap 
Owen. All his lands in Mochdre testator bequeathed to his 
daughter Margarett and her heirs ; in default, to testator's 
brother, Thomas Wynn, and his heirs. His tenement, called 
tithe yn Koyd y graig (? Tyddyn Coed y Graig), being the 
lands of Edward David ap Bedo, testator bequeathed to his 
wife for life, then to Margarett, dau'r, and her heirs; also to 
Margarett, a house, with a barn, stable, and garden, being a 
house or burgage of one John David ap Ll'en. To leu'n ap 
Griffithe, one " feally". To Thomas Wyn, brother, all my 
best sute of apparell, and all my weapons whatsoeuer, and 
saddell with bridle ; unto Ro. Wynn, brother, " second sute"; 
Katherine, wife, to have the keeping and governing of Mar- 
garett, and the using of her goods and landes during her 
widowhood upon further securitie, as Mr. John Price of the 
Newtowne, Esquier, shall think well of, unto whom an accompt 
shall be made at his calling or pleasure. 

Executrix. Margaret, daughter. 

Overseers. John Price, 1 esquier, Thomas Jux, esquier, 2 David 
Lloyd, Morgan Gwyn, Clerke. 



Will of MATHEW AP DAVID AP MADOC of Newtown ; made 
13th April 1604 ; proved 3rd May 1604. 

P>equeathed towards the Cathedral Church of St. Asaph, 
12(7. ; to the parish church of Newtone, 4s. ; to John ap 
Mathew, a messuage or tenement wherein the said John 
lived, called by the name of Selly ir had newid, in the town- 
ship of Vaynor ucha and Graige, in the parishes of Newtown 
and Kerry ; to his son Richard ap Mathew, 20 acres of 
arable land lying in the township and fieldes of Vaynor ucha, 

1 Of Newtown, and Sheriff in 1586. 

2 Of Buttington, and Sheriff in 1580 as Thomas Juckes. 



80 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

6 acres whereof lieth in a place called Dole llewelyn, 2 in a 
place called y Kae gwin, 4 in a place called Erow fferiog, 3 
other in a place called Y Kylyn Coed kye, and 1^ in a place- 
called Y Deyldre, all which land I had of the gift and grant 
of John Price, 1 late of Newtown, in the co. of Montgomery, 
Esquier ; also to his said son Richard, 6 acres of land, com- 
monly called Erow ir utra (?) or Bron Robert, in the township 
of Vaynor ucha, parish of Newtown ; also to the said son, 7 
acres of land lying in several places : 2^ in a place called 
Erow y Domen ; 1 J in a place called y Kae Rhwnge y ddan 
du, 2 acres called ar hirdir, and one other or man's math of 
meadow lying in a place called Pen glan y vayno'r. Also to 
the said son Richard, 20, which testator had on mortgage on 
a tenement called yr Erow luyd, in the township of Moughtrey 
Ian, parish of Moughtrey. To his son Meredith ap Matthew 
he left his " Deyrye or sommer howse in Moghtrey lane", 
together with 2 acres of arable land called Roos goz ; to 
Meredith, 10 ewes and lambs, also a bald mare, culloured dun, 
and her coulte ; to his son Thomas ap Matthew, 10 ; to 
daughter Jane, wife of Raufe Howell ap Morris, 2 kyne ; to 
daughter Elizabeth, 2 wife of John Gwill'm, 2 kine ; to Agnes, 
verch Pease, niece, 40s., also a yearling heifer ; to niece 
Margaret, verch Jo. Gwill'm, 40s. ; to niece Jane, vz. Robert, 
10s. ; 15s. to be equally divided among the rest of the children 
of son-in-law, John Gwyll'm ; 15s. between rest of children of 
Rees ap Ho'll ap Morris, my son-in-law. Residue to son 
Richard, whom he appointed sole executor. Son John, one 
bay nagg; son Wat kin shall have one bay mare and her 
coult; Agries, verch Rees, 8 theaves. 

Witnesses. Meredith Owen, David ap Madock, Richard 
David ap leu'n Gwyn, David ap Griffith ap Llewellen, John 
ap Mathew, and of me, Humfrey Morgan. 

1 Sheriff in 1566 and 1586, and elder brother of Arthur Price of 
Vaynor, Sheriff in 1578. 

2 Maria, daughter and co-heiress of John Gwillim and Eliza'beth, 
daughter of testator, married Arthur Powell (? of Hurdley), sixth 
son of Hugh Powell of Edenhope by his second wife Margaret, sister 
of the above John Price of Newtown. Arthur Powell and Maria 
had issue William and Joseph. (Vincent's Collections, College of 
Arms, p. 764, " Powell of Edenhope".) 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 81 



Will of RICHARD AP MORICB of Newtown; made llth March 
1616-17; proved 8th April 1617. 

Towards the reparation of St. Asaph Cathedral, Is. ; towards 
reparation of Newtown Church, Is. To Jonet, wife of Arthur 
ap Richard, 20s.; to Thomas ap William (grandchild), the 
son of William ap Thomas of Llanllwchaiarn parish, 10s. ; to 
Richard Habberley (son-in-law), and to my daughter Syna, 
50s., for the use of their children ; to Thomas ap Richard, my 
son, 5 ; to Arthur, my son and heir, all my messuages and 
tenements and lands lying and being in Newtown parish, in 
the co. of Montg', and to his heirs and assigns for ever ; to 
my son Arthur, likewise, all my goods, chattells, and cattle, 
etc., " except my great pott" and frieing-pane, which I give to 
Gwen Habberley, daughter of Richard Habberley, my son-in- 
law ; also to Arthur, 13, due to testator by David ap Morice 
of Newtown by bond, sealed by the said David, and Richard 
Powell, and Howell ap Howell, all of the Newtown ; also to 
Arthur, 6, due to testator by one Thomas Jones, Richard 
Powell of Dyffrynlanvay, and Lewis ap Morgan of Garthelyne. 
William ap Owen of Graige, gent., oweth me 20, secured by 
a bond of his and John Owen of Garthelyne, and Richard 
James of Graig. My will is that my son Arthur shall have 6 ; 
the other 14 I give to my son Hercules ap Richard, he pay- 
ing the first-mentioned legacies. Residue to Hercules. 

Executor. Hercules. 

Overseers. Thomas Vaughan and Howell ap Howell of New- 
town. 

Witnesses. John Lewis, Arthur ap Richard, Thomas Cadd'r, 
John Morice, John Haberley, Thomas Vaughan. 



Will of ROBERT BROWNSWORD/ Newtown, Mercer; made 
10th June lt>25; proved 14th Feb. 1627-8. 

To be buried in Newtown Church. I2d. to the Cathedral 
Church of St. Asaph ; to the poor of Newtown, 10s. 

To John Mason, 2 the house and shop wherein he dwelleth, 
with the implements of the shop, backside, and garden for 



1 As a holder of property in Montgomery, testator may be iden- 
tical with the " Rob'tus Brownsworde, gen.", joint Bailift' of Mont- 
gomery with Morgan Mores in 1601. 

2 The Masons were an influential Montgomery family. 
VOL. XXIV. G 



82 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

ever, he paying 1 to Lord Herbert 1 and his heirs I2d. a year. 
Also to John Mason, a messuage and low ridges of land in 
the town and liberties of Montgomery, now occupied by 
Griffiths Phillips, held by me on a lease under John Beethel, 2 
Margaret his wife, and Edward Whittingham, 3 for the life of 
Thomas Brownsword and Mary Edwards, paying yearly I2d. 
to Edward Whittingham, his heirs and assigns. Also another 
messuage in Montgomery, in the occupation of Robert Walter 
aVs Broughton, if Edward Williams, son to William ap Richard 
al's Morris die without heirs male. Also to John Mason, 
testator's best gowne ; also the shop in Newtown for 6 years, 
paying to Thomas Brownsword and his heirs 6s. 8d. a year. 
" To my niece, John Mason's wife, a gould ring." 
To my godson Robert, son of John Mason, 40s. ; to my 
nephew, Robert Brownsword, and the heirs male of his body 
lawfully begotten, the house where James Griffiths dwelleth ; 
in default, to Thomas Brownsword and his heirs for ever; 
also to the said Robert, 5 ; to my nephew, Thomas Brown- 
sword, the house and shops in Newtown which I purchased 
from Edward Thomas, Thomas Morris, and John Price al's 
Thomas, gent., to hold to him and his heirs for ever, paying 
"His Majestie 22d. a year"; also to Thomas, a house with its 
appurtenances, occupied by William ap Owen, bought by me 
from David Watkin and his wife and Richai'd Whittingham 
and his wife, situate in Newtown ; also all that new house, 
barn, and 2 acres of land purchased from Morris ap David, 
situate in Diffrin Llanvair, parish of Newtown ; also a barn 
containing 3 bayes, with the garden adjoining, purchased of 
Humfrey Morgans, Master of Arts, situate in Newtown, and 
now in my own tenure ; also a parcel of land, commonly 
called Croes Morgan, containing 8 acres of land, situate in 
Diffrin Llanvair aforesaid. 

To nephew Robert, certain specified articles of bedding, 
etc.; to nephew Thomas, all the rest; also J3 silver spoons, 
one small silver salt, one guilt salt, one guilt cupp, and one 
silver beaker ; to Susan Brownsword, niece, 5 ; to Sara, 
daughter of James ap W'rn, wife of Rees, y goe, 5s. ; to 
Edward Whittingham, 5. To nephew Thomas Brownsword, . 

1 Edward, first Lord Herbert of Chirbury. 

2 "Joh'es Bythell, gen.", was joint Bailiff of Montgomery with 
" Edwardus Mores" in 1616. 

3 Probably the eldest son of " William Whittingham of the towne 
of Montgomery" (will dated 1596, Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, p. 244). 
He was seated at Court Caldemore. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 83 

a barn and " kill", with garden, etc., purchased of Mathew 
Howell and Reynold Daniell, lying in Newtown, "neere Severn 
side", paying to my nephew, Thomas Tasker, 5, and my 
niece, Joan Tasker, 40s. ; to nephew Thomas Browusword, ail 
debts, leases, mortgages, money, goods, etc. 

Executor. Nephew Thomas Brownsword. 

Overseers. Edward Whittingham and John Mason. 

Witnesses. Henry Preene, liuph Gregory, and Hy. Bradley. 



Will of CHARLES PowELL 1 of Newtown ; made 7th November 

1638. 

To be buried in Kerry Church. Towards the reparation of 
Newtown Church, 10s.; to the poor there, 10.?.; towards re- 
paration of Kerry Church, 10s. ; to the poor there, 10s. To 
second daughter, Katherine Powell, 20 ; to daughters Bridgett 
and Jane Powell, the following sums due on bonds : 23 4s., 
6, 10, in equal shares. 

To his eldest son Richard testator devised a messuage and 
lands in Weston, co. Montg'e, in the then occupation of Moses 
Cadd'r, also a parcel of land called Maes- Weston. To his 
second son, James Powell, certain lands in Graig (Kerry) called 
y Kaebach, in the occupation of Lewis ap John of Dolfor : this 
was a mortgage ; if the borrower paid off the encumbrance, 
then the money (20) went to James. To his third son, David, 
20 ; to wife Elinor, 60, if she do not marry ; 30 if she do. 
The other 30 of the 60 last mentioned to be divided equally 
among all her above-mentioned children. 

If testator's son-in-law, Mores Lewes, sufficiently assured 
and conveyed a messuage in Graig, Kerry, where his grand- 
father and father lately dwelt, and all those houses, lands, 
etc., in Weeg, Dolfor, and Leteiry vastrey, upon Elizabeth, 
his now wife, and the issue between them begotten, presently 
after his accomplishment of the age of 21 years, and if tes- 
tator's wife held certain lands, etc., until the year 1643, then 
testator devised to his son-in-law, " Mr. Lewis/' 40. 

Testator bequeathed his interest in a lease of the premises 
he occupied to his wife. 

To his sister Margaret Thomas, wife of Thomas James, 20s.; 
to Katherine (god-daughter), daughter of Thomas James, and 

1 David Powell of Weston, in his will (Mont. Col., vol. xix, p. 77) 
makes a bequest to "my nephew, Charles Powell". Also "to Mary 
Powell, aVs Mary Hatton, wife of Christopher Hattou, 20". Tes- 
tator styles this Mary Hattou his sister. 

G 2 



84 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

to two other children, a ewe and 3 lambs ; to sister Mary 
Hatton, wife of Christofer Hatton, 20s. Several other small 
bequests, and residue to wife. She and son Richard, executors. 

Overseers. Landlord, Edward Owen, gent., and friend 
Richard Eddg, gent. 

Witnesses. Cornelius Bray, Gressam Bray, William Nashe, 
Richard Jones, Scr. 



Will of RICHARD MATHEWE 1 of Diffryn Llanvair, Newtown, 
gent., made 13th Nov. 1638 ; proved 26th May 1639. 

To be buried in Newtown Church. Towards the reparation 
of the church steeple, which is now defective, 40s. 

''And as concerninge all that capital messuage and tenement 
with the appurtenances, wherein I now dwell, all that messuage 
with the appurtenances which I purchased of Arthur ap Lewis, 
deceased, in the occupation of Evan David, the messuage and 
appurtenances where Edward ap Mathewe lately dwelt at Pen 
ghan, all that messuage and tenement, etc., where Thomas 
Roberts dwells, all those messuages in the occupation now or 
lately of William Arthur and Rees David, all situated in the 
townships of Dyffrin Llanfar and Hendidle} 7 , in the parishes of 
Newtown and Llanllwchaiarn, co. Montgomery My will is : 
I devise them to Anne, my wife, for life, if she continue sole 
and unmarried; after, to my nephew Mathewe Davies, clerk, 
for nine years ; and after to William Mathewe, 3rd son of the 
said Mathewe Davies, for life; and after to his lawful heirs; 
failing, to Richard, eldest son of Mathewe Davies ; failing, to 
John, second son of Mathewe Davies; failing, to Lewes, 
fourth son of the said Mathewe Davies ; failing, to testator's 
nephew, Launcelott Meredith, for life ; then to his sons in tail ; 
and failing, to the right heirs of the said Launcelott for ever." 
As regards a messuage where Thomas Griffith dwelt, and a 
water cornmill .where Cornelius and Gresham Bray occupy, 
all that fulling mill with its appurtenances lately occupied by 
David Launcelott, all that messuage in the possession of Edward 
Jones, situate in the several townships of (blank in Register) 
Graig, Mougtrey, Lan, and Newtown, in the parishes of Kerry, 
Moughtrey, and Newtown, testator bequeathed them to his 
nephew, Mathewe Davies, clrc., for 9 years ; and after, to the 
said William Mathewe, his heirs and assigns for ever, paying 
to testator's brother, Meredith Mathewe, 4 a year for life. 

1 "Ric'us Matthewe de Rhandire, gen., Hun. de Nova Villa", occurs 
on a jury. 10 Charles I, 1634. 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 85 

As regards the messuage wherein Richard Tudder dwelt, 
called Yr Erow Lwye, 2 parcels of meadow and a parcel called 
Llety yn y Bryn, purchased by me from the heirs of liichard 
Lloyd of Moughtrey, 1 gent., the said premises situate in 
Moughtrey Ian, parish of Moughtrey, testator devised the 
same to his nephew, Kichard Mathewe, eldest son of the said 
Mathewe Davies, clrc., to him and his heirs for ever ; also to 
the said Richard, a lease granted to testator by Sir Percy 
Herbert, Knt., of a messuage, tenement, and lands then in the 
occupation of Thomas Jones. 

A messuage called Tadye, and certain lauds lying in 
Moughtree, in mortgage to testator, he bequeathed to his 
nephew, Launcelott Meredith ; if redeemed, then the money. 

A messuage aud tenement purchased by testator from 
Arthur ap Richard and Thomas Brownesword, lying in Dyffryn 
Llanfar, testator devised to Lewis Mathewe, youngest son of 
Mathew Davies. 

A messuage and land in the occupation of William Everall, 2 
lying in Newtown, to James Mathew, his reputed son, and 
son of Susan Davies ; also the lease of a messuage in Newtown, 
then in the occupation of Wm. Mores. 

Testator inserted a condition in his will, that if any of the 
persons who took under this will " should marry or take to wife 
anie woman or maide that shall not be of sufficiency corre- 
spondent and answerable in goods or lands to the meanes and 
estate which I by this my last will and testament have given 
and devised unto him, according to the course and customs used 
in the countrey", then he forfeited his bequest, and the one next 
in expectancy or remainder was to succeed to it. To the 
poorest sort of poor in the parishes of Newtown, Moughtrey, 
and Llanllvvchaiarn, the interest of 20, 5 to be paid by his 
executors to each parish within the space of two years after his 
death. Testator also devised 10 to be given to the poor at 
his burial ; also 40s. towards repairing the bridge at Newtown ; 
also to Mochdre bridge, repairs of, 20s. To nephew Mathewe 
ap John, 13 ; to Katherine, daughter of brother David 
Mathewe, 7 ; to brother Meredith, 3 ; to Katherine M'dd, 

1 Ric'us Lloyd de Moughtre, gen., occurs on juries on, this (1 Ch. I) 
and subsequent occasions. His father, David (Lloyd) Morgan, appears 
on the grand jury, 30 Eliz. See his will (1610), Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, 
p. 192. 

2 Thomas Everall, gen., was Chief Constable of the hundred of 
Newtown, 14 Charles I. He was perhaps identical with "Thomas 
Everall de Trevanney, gen.", on a jury list, 1 Charles I. 



86 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

5 ; to D'd Price, 3 ; Thotnas Price, 3 ; Owen, vz. John, 8 ; 
Katherine Price, 3 ; to Mary Price, 7 ; Bridgett Price, 3 ; 
Margaret Powell, 5 ; Keece Powell, 5 ; Thomas Powell, 5 ; 
David Powell (or to his children), 4; to Hugh Gr'll'm, 4 ; 
Anne G'll'in, 7 ; Jane G'll'm, 10 ; Katherine G'll'm, 5 ; 
to the eldest son of Arthur Mathewes, 20s.; to the second son 
of Richard ..., 20s.; to the second son of Richard Arnyes, 20s.; 
to David Launcelott, 20s.; to Edward Mathewe, 4 ; to Richard 
Jones of Troillan, Kerry, 40s. 

Residue to Mathewe Davies, clrc., and William, his third son, 
to be equally divided, excepting the rights of his wife. 

Nephew Mathew Davies, sole executor. 

Witnesses. William Pughe, William Jones, Richard Jones, 
Scr. 



Will of JOHN OWEN of Newtown, gentleman ; made 22nd 
February 1639-40; proved 9th May 1640. 

To be buried in Kerry Church. 

Twenty marks at the disposition of grandson Edward Owens, 
my kinsman Richard Edwards, Richard Lloyd of Bachwithlon, 1 
and Erasmus Evans 2 of Brynllowarch, gent., to be invested on 
good security, and the interest given to the poor of Kerry 
within fifteen days of Christmas, assisted by the vicar and 
churchwardens. 

Also 6 13s. 4:d., interest, to be distributed to the poor of 
Newtown by grandson Edward Owens and by testator's son 
Mafchewe Owen, gent., assisted by the parson and church- 
wardens for the time being. 

To son Matthewe Owens, 60. 

To Elinor Owen, Ann Owen the elder, and Ann Owen the 
younger, and Gwenllyan Owen, daughters of William Bowen, 
deceased, my grandchildren, 20, namely, 4 to each. 

To daughter Bridgett, wife of Stephen Jones, 5, to remain 
in the hands of John Willson of Kerry, and to be employed by 
him to her use ; to Edward Price, gent., son and heir of Sir 
John Price, Bart., 10 ; to Gwenllian and Catherine, daughters 
and heirs of Edmond Hurdman, gent., deceased, my grand- 
children, 5 each. To Richard Bridgett, and Katherine ap 
Jno. Stephen, 8. To John Owen (son of Richard Owen, gent., 

1 See the will of " Richard Lloyd of Bachayethnan", Kerry (1652), 
Mont. Coll., vol. xxiii, p. 50. 

2 Probably identical with Erasmus Evans of Keven-y-inynach, 
Kerry. (See Mont. Coll., vol. xxiii, notes, pp. 43, 49, 56.) 



AT SOMERSET HOUSE. 87 

deceased), my grandson, to Morris and Susan, his brother and 
sister, each 5 ; to Samuel Owen, my reputed son, 5 ; to 
Stephen Roger, 5; to Katherine Roger, 4 (my grandchildren); 
to Robert, John, Catherine Thomas, and Margaret Thomas, 
children of Thomas Cadwallder, 2 each ; to John Wilson, 40s. ; 
to John Owen, son of my grandson Roger Owen, 5 ; to 
Bridget Owen, my supposed daughter, 5 ; to Lowry Owen, 
daughter of Katherine Kirig, my supposed daughter, 5 ; to 
Elizabeth Owens, daughter of my grandchild John Owen, 
deceased, 5 ; to Jane Coale, spinster, 20s. ; to Robert Harris, 
Mores Nicholas, and Ann Jones, servants of iny son Mathewe 
Owens, 3s. 4<d. each ; to grandchildren Mary and Katherine, 
daughters of my son Mathewe Owen, 5 each ; to grandchild 
Hell[en] Jones the elder, 5 ; to Ellinor, David, and John 
Lloyd, grandchildren, 2 ; to daughter Jane, wife of Evan 
Stephens, 6s. Sd. ; to daughter Ann, wife of Howell Hay, 6s. 8d. ; 
to grandchild Edward Owen, three wainscot bedsteads and all 
other wainscot stooles, tables, etc., in my house at Kelyday in 
the parish of Kerry. 

Overseers. Sir John Pryce, Bart., and Richard Pryce, my 
well-beloved friend. 

Executors. Grandchild Edward Owen, son Mathewe, and 
my well-beloved kinsman Richard Edwards. 

Witnesses. Richard Henenge, Richard Jones, Thomas Row- 
land, John Howell, the x of Henry Preene. 



Will of ARTHUR PRYCE/ late of Newtown, Craven Street, Strand ; 
made 5th June 1740 ; proved 14th March 1741. 

My nephew, J. P. Pryce, all lands in Mochdre ; Diana, niece, 
500 ; Aunt, Mrs. Jane Powell of Newtown, 10 a year, which, 
with 5 devised by sister Mary, half-yearly. Friends Roger 
Mostyn of Aberhireaeth, and Arthur B. Gregynog, executors, 
50 for their trouble. Residue to J. P. Pryce. 

1 Arthur, above, was second son of Sir Vaughan Pryce ; he ignores 
his brother Sir John in his will. Mrs. Jane Powell (aunt), I fancy, 
must have been a maiden sister of his mother's, a daughter of Sir 
John Powell of Broadway, Carmarthenshire. 



88 



ALE-SELLERS IN MONTGOMERYSHIRE IN 1654 

TAKING into consideration the difference between the popula- 
tion of the county now and in the Interregnum period, there 
must have been then a much larger proportion of ale-sellers 
compared to the total population than are licensed now. On 
Gaol File No. 3 (Bundle 8, 1650, to 22nd Charles II) there 
is a list of the names of all the ale-sellers who were then 
licensed to sell, and also the names of those persons whose 
houses had been suppressed. 

The total of actual licensed houses reached close upon five 
hundred. In the town of Llanidloes there were fifty-six ale- 
sellers, and twenty of these were glovers, so that trade must 
have flourished in the town of Llanidloes in those days. 

It is rather curious, but many of the best families in the 
county were licensed ale-sellers. At Llanidloes, among others, 
were Richard Evans of Garth, gentleman ; Richard Lewis of 
Llanidloes, gentleman ; Richard Matthews of Glandulas, gentle- 
man ; and Henry Jones, gentleman. A complete list would be 
not only interesting, but useful in many respects. 

E. R. M. 



WHIPPINGE-POSTS. 

IN a Presentment by the Grand Jury, made 20th April 1635 
(Gaol File No. 6, 1-24 Charles I), they stated as to bridges 
that that of Velindre was repairable between the parishes of 
Llanidloes and Llangurig ; the Short Bridge by the town and 
parish of Llanidloes ; the Long Bridge, standing at the other 
end of the borough, by the town of Llanidloes, Llanidloes 
parish, and the parish of Trefeglwys. Brithdir, Manlldh, 
Trevelin, Morfodion, Stredonot, and G-lynhafren townships were 
severally presented for defects in the " Whippinge-Posts", and 
ordei'ed, on pain of a penalty of 5 each township, to repair 
them by the following Midsummer. I have not seen in any 
record what these " Whippinge-Posts" were used for. 

E. R. M. 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF 
CHERBURY. 

BY RICHARD WILLIAMS, F.R.H.S. 1 



FEW, if any, of our old Welsh families have produced so 
great a number of illustrious characters as the Herbert 
family. For five centuries and more its members 
have acted a conspicuous and an important part in the 
history not only of Wales, but also of the British 
Empire, as warriors, diplomatists, poets, scholars, and 
divines. From age to age, and from generation to 
generation, they have given fresh evidence of the 
highest qualities and conferred fresh lustre upon their 
time-honoured name. In the words of the poet, this 
illustrious family has furnished a host of 

" Proud names who once the reins of empire held, 
In arms who triumphed, or in arts excelled ; 
Chiefs, graced with arms and prodigal of blood ; 
Stern patriots, who for sacred freedom stood; 
Just men, by whom imperial laws were given; 
And saints, who taught and led the way to heaven." 

(Tickell.) 

Not the least distinguished among this illustrious 
band was the subject of our notice this evening 
Edward, the first Lord Herbert of Cherbury. Living, 
as he did, in one of the most brilliant and stirring 
periods of English history, the contemporary of Shake- 
speare, Bacon, and Milton, of Raleigh. Hampden, and 
Cromwell, the friend and correspondent of Donne and 
Ben Jonson, of Casaubon, Grotius, and Gassendi, he 
distinguished himself even in that age of giants as a 

1 A lecture delivered before the Welsh National Society at the 
Royal Institution, Liverpool, Nov. 26, 1889. 



90 EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 

philosopher and as a politician, as an historian, a poet, 
and a soldier, as a man of the world and a man of 
letters. In his youtJi he was patted on the cheek by 
Queen Elizabeth ; in his manhood he was entrusted 
with important embassies by King James ; and when 
he died the great Civil War was practically over, and, 
before six months had passed, King Charles was brought 
to the block. 

Descended in a straight line on his father's side from 
Charlemagne, 1 as well as from that redoubtable Welsh 
knight, Sir Dafydd Gam, 1 from whom he was sixth in 
descent, and on his mother's side from Owain Cyfeiliog, 1 
the prince-poet of Powys, Lord Herbert, was in many 
respects a true specimen of the Celt. To the brilliancy, 
the versatility, the mercurial disposition, the vanity 
and the love of display of the Frenchman, were united 
in him the warmth, the emotion, and some of the 
poetic faculty of the Welshman. This may possibly 
help to account for some of his actions and some 
aspects of his character which have seemed inconsistent 
and inexplicable. Indeed, he was a man that can 
hardly be judged by an ordinary standard; whose ways 
were never the ways, nor his thoughts the thoughts, 
of ordinary men ; of whom, to use his own words re- 
specting Henry VIII, " no one thing might constantly 
be affirmed." Hence "it is impossible to draw his 
picture well who hath several countenances". 

In his case, however, we have the great advantage of 
a racy and highly interesting autobiography, covering 
the first forty-three years of his eventful life. Although 
a man cannot " see himself as others see him", yet, if 
he undertakes to write about himself, however imper- 
fect and one-sided the picture may be, it is pretty sure 
to afford us, though unconsciously and unintentionally 
on the artist's part, glimpses of his true features and 
character which might otherwise be missed. This life 
of himself was written when the author was past sixty, 

1 Genealogical Tables appended to The Expedition to the Isle of 
Me. 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. ' 9t 

and is perhaps the best known of his works, as it cer- 
tainly is one of the most interesting. It is also said 
to be the earliest example of an autobiography in the 
English language. Judging from the exceeding candour 
of its contents, it probably was never intended for 
publication, and, in fact, it was not until 115 years after 
the author's death that it saw the light. Lord Herbert 
tells us himself that it was written for the instruction 
of his descendants, and to enable him to recollect his 
former actions and examine what had been done well 
or ill, to the intent that he might both reform that 
which was amiss and so make his peace with God, as 
also comfort himself in those things which had been 
done according to the rules of conscience, virtue, and 
honour. But, in addition to its value as a record of 
events in the personal history of its author, and of his 
ideas and opinions on a great variety of subjects, it 
possesses permanent interest as a vivid picture of 
manners and the state of society during the first half of 
the seventeenth century. The MS. was carefully pre- 
served for some years at Lymore, the family seat near 
Montgomery. It was afterwards lost for a long time; 
but, nearly eighty years after the author's death, it 
turned up again in a very dilapidated condition among 
a mass of old papers. In 1 737, a copy was also found 
in a house sold by a member of the Herbert family with 
some old writings which had been considered not worth 
removing. With the aid of this copy several missing 
portions of the original were supplied, and the work 
was privately printed by Horace Walpole in 1764. 
Since that time it has gone through so many editions, 
and is now so well known, that it is unnecessary and 
would be tedious to quote very much from it. 

Edward, the first Lord Herbert of Cherbury, was 
the eldest of ten children of Richard Herbert, Esq., of 
Montgomery, by his wife Magdalen, daughter of Sir 
Richard Newport. Montgomery Castle, where his 
parents resided, was not only a strong fortress, but it 
also commanded a lovely prospect. Anthony Wood 



92 EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 

quaintly describes ifc as " the sometimes most pleasant 
and romancy place in Wales". 1 But Lord Herbert was 
not born there. That event took place in 1581, at 
Eyton, near Wroxeter, his maternal grandfather's seat, 
where also he spent the first nine years of his child- 
hood. His great-grandfather, Sir Richard Herbert, 
was the first of the family to settle in Montgomery- 
shire, coming from Monmouthshire about the year 
1520, on receiving a grant from the Crown of Mont- 
gomery Castle and its dependencies. This Sir 
Bichard's father of the same name is spoken of as " an 
Anakirn in stature" and a warrior who performed many 
prodigies of valour. Among others, it is recorded that 
at the battle of Danesmore, near Banbury, where he 
was eventually defeated, taken prisoner, and beheaded, 
he, with pole-axe in hand, passed and re-passed twice 
through the army of the enemy, killing with his own 
hand, it is said, 140 men without receiving any mortal 
wound. This martial spirit was worthily maintained 
by his descendants, of whom, and all his paternal an- 
cestors, Lord Herbert says that they were " black 
haired and bearded .... of a manly or somewhat 
stern look, but withal very handsome, and well corn- 
pact in their limbs, and of a great courage." Lord 
Herbert's mother, the friend and patron of Donne, was 
a woman of great gifts and rare piety, in whose veins 
ran the blood not only, as we have seen, of the ancient 
Princes of Powys, but also of the Talbots, Devereux, 
Grays, Corbets, and many other noble English families. 
Of her children she used to say that " she had Job's 
number and Job's distribution", 2 and out of that num- 
ber, her fifth son, George Herbert, the saintly " poet 
of the Temple", has obtained a high place among the 
immortals. 

When Edward had attained the age of nine years he 
Avas placed under the care of Mr. Thelwall of Plas Ward, 
Denbighshire (who, by the way, was the celebrated 

1 Athence Oxonienses, vol. ii, p. 117. 

2 Walton's Life of George Herbert. 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 93 

Catherine of Ber&m's fourth husband 1 ), to learn Welsh, 
"as believing it necessary to enable me to treat with 
those of my friends and tenants who understood no 
other language." He speaks in the highest terms of 
Mr. Thelwall, who had taught himself several languages, 
and " was of that rare temper in governing his choler 
that I never saw him angry during the time of my stay 
there. . . . When occasion of offence was given him I 
have seen him redden in the face, and after remain for 
a while silent ; but when he spake, his words were so. 
calm and gentle that I found he had digested his 
choler, though yet, I confess, I could never attain that 
perfection, as being subject ever to choler and passion 
more than I ought, and generally to speak my mind 
freely, and indeed rather to imitate those who, having 
fire within doors, choose rather to give it vent than 
surfer it to burn the house. T commend yet much more 
the manner of Mr. Thelwall, and certainly he that can 
forbear speaking for some while will remit much of his 
passion ; but as I could not learn much of him in this 
kind, so I did as little profit in learning the Welsh, or 
any other of those languages that worthy gentleman 
understood, as having a tertian ague for the most part 
of nine months, which was all the time I stayed in his 
house." At twelve years old he lost his father. At 
fourteen 2 he entered the University of Oxford. Be- 
fore seventeen, 28th February 1598, he married a 
young lady four years older than himself also a 
Herbert of another branch Mary, daughter and 
heiress of Sir William Herbert of St. Julian's. The 
marriage, it seems, was not so much one of sentiment 
as of family arrangement, the match having been made 
by mutual friends of the young couple, in order to 
keep the lady's property in the family. Yet, if we are 
to credit him, the bridegroom was a model husband. 
He remained at the University for three years after 

1 Yorke's Royal Tribes of Wales, 2nd ed., p. 82, note. 

2 He himself states his age to have been twelve ; but this is incon- 
sistent with the Register of Matriculations, and is probably wrong. 



94 EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 

his marriage, his wife living with him, and, part of the 
time, his mother also (then a widow), so that she might 
direct and encourage him in his studies. 

Before he was twenty-one he had, we are told, 
" diverse children"; but his household cares were not 
allowed to interfere with his studies. In addition to 
Greek and Latin, he mastered French, Italian, and 
Spanish, and acquired a fair knowledge of music, 
medicine, and the nature and properties of herbs. He 
also became proficient in fencing, " riding the great 
horse", and " the manner of fighting a duel on horse- 
back", and other manly exercises. He went to meet 
King James on his way to London to be crowned, and 
shortly afterwards was made Knight of the Bath. One 
of his portraits at Powis Castle represents him in his 
robes as such. " I could tell", he adds, with evident 
satisfaction, " how much my person was commended by 
the lords and ladies that came to see the solemnity then 
used, but I shall flatter myself too much if I believed 
it." Soon after this (1605) he served the office of 
Sheriff of Montgomeryshire, and then, being still but 
twenty-seven years old, determined to gratify a desire 
he had long felt of seeing foreign parts. His wife was 
not very willing for him to go, but go he would, and go 
he did. His handsome figure, his wealth, and his ac- 
complishments at once secured for him admission into 
the highest society in France, and he gives an entertain- 
ing account of his various adventures, and of the people 
he met there. Some of his enterprises were of a very 
Quixotic nature, but which he thought himself obliged 
to undertake by the oath administered to him when 
he was made Knight of the Bath. For instance, 
a French cavalier having snatched a favour from the 
bonnet of a young lady, she applied to Sir Edward for 
redress. He instantly took up her cause and com- 
pelled the Frenchman to restore the riband, and the 
next day challenged him to mortal combat, if he should 
dare to deny that he had made him give it up. He 
gives us an account of five or six other offers of combat 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 95 

made on the occasion of offences, real or imaginary, 
sustained by him or his friends, but adds, " I can truly 
say that though I have lived in the armies and courts 
of the greatest princes in Christendom, yet I never had 
a quarrel with man for mine own sake, so that, although 
in mine own nature I was ever choleric and hasty, yet 
I never, without occasion given, quarrelled with any- 
body, and as little did anybody attempt to give me 
'offence, as having as clear a reputation for my courage 
as whosoever of my time. For my friends often I have 
hazarded myself, but never yet drew my sword for 
my own sake singly." Another of Lord Herbert's 
portraits at Powis Castle represents him as reposing on 
the ground in a wood previously to fighting a duel. 
This has been engraved as a folding plate for some edi- 
tions of his Life. 

After an absence of nearly two years our knight- 
errant returned to England and rejoined his wife and 
family. But the quiet life of a country gentleman at 
Montgomery hardly suited his restless spirit and love 
of adventure, so once more he crossed the Channel and 
joined the English army then serving in the Low 
Countries, where he soon distinguished himself by his 
reckless daring and intrepidity. At the siege of 
Juliers a French officer in the same service having 
challenged him to an exploit of courage, the two sprang 
together out of the trenches and rushed forward, sword 
in hand, through a storm of bullets to the opposite 
bulwark. The Frenchman, exclaiming " It is very hot 
here", ran back with all speed, crouching, towards the 
trenches, whilst our knight followed after him leisurely 
and upright. At the close of the campaign he returned 
to England, and found that his fame had preceded him. 
Many of the greatest, he relates, desired his company, 
with whom he previously had no acquaintance. The 
Earl of Dorset, to whom he was a stranger, one day 
invited him to Dorset House, where, bringing him into 
his gallery and showing him many pictures, he at last 
brought him to a frame covered with green taffeta, and 



96 EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 

asked him who he thought was there, and then, draw- 
ing' the ' curtain, showed him his own picture. On 
asking his lordship how he came to have it, he replied 
that he had heard so many brave things of him that he 
got a copy of a picture which one Lai-kin had painted 
for him. The fine ladies of the Court, and even the 
queen herself, he tells us, also surreptitiously obtained 
copies of this portrait. This, indeed, brought him into 
trouble, and very nearly cost him his life. A desperate 
attempt to assassinate him was made by a jealous 
knight in Scotland Yard, which his skill, strength, and 
agility alone thwarted. 

He remained three years in England, after which he 
offered his services to the Prince of Orange in the Low 
Countries. The Prince gladly accepted the offer, and 
upon his arrival gave Sir Edward Herbert a warm 
\velcome, " not suffering me/' he says, " almost to eat 
anywhere but at his table, and carrying me abroad the 
afternoon in his coach to partake of those entertain- 
ments he delighted in when there was no pressing 
occasion." This was in the year 1614. From the Low 
Countries he extended his travels into Switzerland and 
Italy, and, after an absence of about two years, again 
returned to England. For the next three years he 
suffered much from ague, devoting himself during the 
intervals of ease from pain to his studies. It was at 
this time that he began his great philosophical work, 
De Veritate. 

In 1619 he was appointed Ambassador and Com- 
missioner to France, to sign the treaty of alliance be- 
tween James I and Louis XIII. He had also received 
private instructions to intercede for the persecuted 
Protestants, and, with that object in view, had an 
audience of the King's favourite, the Due de Luines, 
Constable of France. Luines had hidden behind a 
curtain in his audience chamber a gentleman of the 
reformed religion, to report to his friends how little 
help they might expect from England. But he had 
mistaken the character of the Ambassador, who fulfilled 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 97 

his mission with an undaunted spirit, so that the Con- 
stable remarked, that if he were not the Ambassador 
he would use him after another fashion. Sir Edward 
at once replied, that as he was an ambassador so he 
was also a gentleman, and laying his hand upon the 
hilt of his sword, he told him there was that which 
should make him an answer. This interview being 
misrepresented in England, occasioned his recall, but 
he cleared himself so satisfactorily to the King that he 
was very soon sent back again to the French Court, 
where he remained for two years longer, being finally 
recalled in' 1624. 1 At this point, unfortunately, his 
autobiography ends. These embassies, although they 
brought him honour, were very costly to him. He had 
to sell estates worth 60,000 to pay the expenses, and 
10, 000 of his salary remained unpaid. 2 On his return 
to England he was created Lord Herbert of Castle 
Island, in the peerage of Ireland, and, a few years after- 
wards, Lord Herbert of Cherbury, in the peerage of 
England. 

After this he took little part in public affairs, but, so 
far as the state of his health (which was by no means 
good) permitted him, employed his leisure in study and 
literary pursuits. When the differences between King 
Charles and his Parliament culminated in war, Lord 
Herbert took no active part in it. It is true he at first 
favoured the royal cause, but very soon he assumed 
and maintained a sort of neutrality which pleased 
neither party, though it for a time secured him and his 
castle at Montgomery from attack by either side. It 
is quite possible, and indeed probable, that by degrees 
his own sympathies gradually veered round to the side 
of the Parliament, but all his family continued staunch 
Royalists. His lukewarmness had, at any rate, created 
doubts as to his loyalty. Prince Rupert therefore sum- 
moned him and others who were wavering, faltering, 
or doubtful, to meet him at Shrewsbury. But instead 

1 Mont. Coll., xx, p. 203. 2 Ibid., vi, p. 428. 

VOL. XXIV. H 



98 EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 

of complying, the old diplomatist, in a letter dated 
from Montgomery Castle, 23rd August 1644, excused 
himself by saying, " I shall humbly crave to tell your 
Highness that though I have the ambition to kiss your 
most valorous and princely hands, yet because I am 
newly entered into a course of physic, I do humbly 
desire to be excused for the present, beseeching your 
Highness nevertheless to hold me in your former good 
opinion and favour." 1 In less than a fortnight, how- 
ever namely, on the 5th of September he, without 
striking a blow, surrendered the castle, described by 
Sir John Meldrum, a Parliamentary General, as "one 
of the goodliest and strongest places that he ever 
looked upon", 2 to Sir Thomas Middleton. 

The loss of so important a place filled the lioyalists 
with rage, and they immediately concentrated all their 
available forces and made a desperate effort to re-take 
it ; but all in vain. Walpole and most of Lord 
Herbert's biographers have strongly censured his con- 
duct on this occasion, and attributed it to either 
cowardice or treachery. But some original documents 
at Powis Castle, lately published by the Powys-land 
Club, 3 tend to exonerate him from this charge of play- 
ing fast and loose, and to place his conduct in a more 
favourable light. It seems that for two years before 
this his strong constitution had been rapidly giving 
way. In June 1643 he had written to his brother, 
Sir Henry Herbert, 4 "I am thinkinge of a journey to 
the Spaw, but I doubt how I shall be able to go, my 
body being more infirme then to endure any labour. 
And let me assure you I finde myselfe grown older in 
this one year than in fifty-nine yeares before." It 
seems that he had also lost one of his eyes and that 
the other was affected. Under these circumstances it 
would appear that the Parliamentary leaders felt that 
this important stronghold, the key to the upper valley 

1 Mont. Coll., vi, p. 422. 

2 Phillips's Civil War in Wales and the Marches, vol. i, p. 247. 

3 Mont. Coll., xxii, p. 179. * Ibid., vi, p. 421. 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 99 

of the Severn, was no longer safe in Lord Herbert's 
hands; the more so as Prince Rupert had been recently 
hovering about the neighbourhood. As a countermove, 
therefore, to his late visit to Shrewsbury, it was decided 
to make a vigorous attempt to capture the Castle and 
so prevent its falling into the hands of the Royalists. 
With that object in view Sir Thomas Middleton, with 
800 soldiers, on the 4th September, suddenly marched 
on the town. On their unexpected approach the small 
town garrison of 150 men "were so disheartened that 
they came not up in sufficient number to defend the 
outworks" of the Castle, which, therefore, were speedily 
captured by the enemy. 1 These outworks commanded 
the entrance to the Castle, and without them it could 
not be held. In the middle of the night the aged 
nobleman (now sixty-three years old), sick, infirm, and 
half-blind, who had gone to rest under a promise, as he 
alleged, that nothing more should be done until after 
a parley arranged for next day, was roused from his bed 
by a peremptory summons to surrender at once, and a 
threat by the officer in command that if not instantly 
obeyed he would blow open the gate with a petard. 
Upon this his servants became panic-stricken and 
deserted him, some of them even leaping over the 
walls to escape. What could he have done under such 
circumstances? Apparently he had indeed no alter- 
native but to capitulate on the best terms he could 
obtain. The Parliamentary officers were so elated with 
their easy victory that they were not disposed to im- 
pose very hard terms on him. So he was allowed to 
remain in possession with a garrison of not above 
twenty persons of the Parliament forces ; and in a few 
days an order was made by Parliament restoring to 
him his estate and position, and that his goods and 
books be delivered to him. His daughter appears to 
have been the only member of his family present with 
the aged lord on this trying occasion. How long he 

1 Mont. Coll., xxii, pp. 180 et seq. 

H 2 



100 EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 

continued to reside at Montgomery Castle after this 
does not appear, but he eventually removed to London, 
chiefly, it would seem, in order to obtain medical advice 
and attendance. He died at his house in Queen Street, 
Lincoln's Inn Fields, four years after the surrender, 
namely, on the 20th August 1648, aged 67, and was 
buried at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields. The following year 
Montgomery Castle was demolished by order of the 
Parliament. 

But it is time we should now come to Lord Herbert's 
literary labours and works. Of his autobiography we 
have already spoken. The earliest of all his works was 
his philosophical treatise, De Veritate. 1 He com- 
menced this, as already stated, before his embassy to 
France in 1619, and devoted all his spare hours to per- 
fect it, after which he submitted it to the learned 
Grotius, who urged him to print it. Still feeling a 
misgiving as to the advisability of doing so, he took 
the MS. in his hand one fair summer day, his casement 
being opened towards the south, the sun shining clear, 
and no wind stirring, and, kneeling, devoutly prayed to 
God to give him a sign from heaven whether he should 
publish or suppress it. No sooner, says he, had he 
spoken the words than a loud, but gentle, voice came 
from heaven, which so comforted and cheered him that 
he took his petition as granted, and that the sign was 
given to him, whereupon he resolved to print his book. 
He accordingly did so at Paris, during his residence 
there. It is a work displaying much learning and 
ability, originality and depth, but the religious 
opinions it sets forth are peculiar, and not such as 
would be generally considered orthodox. Its object is 
not so much to impugn the doctrine or morality of the 
Scriptures as to attempt to supersede their necessity, 

1 De Veritate, prout distinguitur a Revelatione, a verisimili, a pos- 
sibili, et a falso. Cui Operi additi sunt duo alii tractatus : primus, 
de Causis Errorum ; alter, de Religione Laid- Una cum Appendice ad 
Sacerdotes de Religione Laid; et quibusdam poematibus. Paris, 1624 
and 1633; London, 1645. French translation, Paris, 1639. 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 101 

by endeavouring to show that the great principles of 
the unity of God, a moral government, and a future 
world, are taught with sufficient clearness by the light 
of nature. It maintains the theory of innate ideas, and 
that a certain instinct of the reason is the primary 
source of all human knowledge. The mind is com- 
pared to a closed volume which opens itself at the 
solicitation of outward nature acting upon the senses. 
No man, it is argued, can appeal to revelation as an 
immediate evidence of the reasonableness of his faith, 
except those to whom that revelation has been directly 
given ; for all others the fact of revelation is a matter 
of mere tradition or testimony. Even the recipient of 
a revelation may himself be easily deceived, since he 
possesses no means of convincing himself of its reality 
or authenticity. One of Lord Herbert's chief argu- 
ments against revealed religion is the improbability 
that Heaven would reveal its will to only a portion of 
mankind, yet, in strange contradiction to this doctrine, 
he relied on a supposed revelation to himself as a 
sanction to the publication of his book. The work 
created some stir at the time, and was translated into 
several languages. It was replied to by Leland, 
Baxter, Locke, Gassendi, and others. 

Another philosophical work of Lord Herbert's is a 
treatise, De Religione Gentilium* in which he examines 
the mistakes and failures of the heathen priests and 
wise men of old in their notions of the Deity and 
matters of divine worship. He speaks of the attributes 
applied to God, and the multiplication of these by the 
crafty priests for their own pecuniary profit from the 
rites, ceremonies, and mysteries performed and revealed 
in connection with them. He says they argued thus : 
that God could scarcely find everlasting pleasure in 
self-contemplation, and that He therefore made him- 
self companions co-eternal and self-existent like Him- 

1 De Religione Gentilium, Errorumque apud eos causis. London, 
1645, 1663, and 1700. English translation, 1705. 



102 EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 

self, who are entitled to our earthly consideration as 
gods. Secondary worship of them could not be dis- 
pleasing to the supreme God, as finally all worship 
centred in Him. These minor gods, having control of 
various departments on earth for the good of mankind, 
it was our policy and duty to pay them the devotion 
due to them, in return for the benefits we derived from 
them. By these, and similar ideas, he avers that the 
ancient heathen formulated their gods until polytheism 
reached extravagant proportions. The first part of 
this work was printed in 1645, but the whole did not 
appear until 1663, fifteen years after the author's 
death. 

Lord Herbert was perhaps the first to reduce Deism 
into a system, but there is reason to believe that his 
religious opinions underwent some change towards the 
end of his life. Perhaps, indeed, they were rather philo- 
sophical speculations than deeply rooted convictions. 
He had prayers constantly twice a day in his house, and 
on Sunday would have his chaplain read him a sermon. 

In 1627 the Duke of Buckingham took the command 
of an expedition to the Isle of Bhe, for the relief of the 
Protestants of Rochelle. This expedition ended in 
disgrace and disaster. Some French authors having ex- 
aggerated their nation's victories, Lord Herbert under- 
took, as a political and literary friend of the Duke, to 
give to the world a true version of the facts. He him- 
self was not engaged in the expedition, but had, as he 
says, advised against it, declined to join it, and, 
indeed, more than once foretold that which happened 
"although", he adds, "I will not deny but the under- 
taking fell out worse than I could imagine." His 
residence in France and acquaintance with French 
affairs well qualified him for the task, and the account 
he has written is the best we have of this ill-fated ex- 
pedition. It furnishes a quaint and graphic picture of 
warfare in those days, while, at the same time, it is a 
very able and ingenious apology or defence of the 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHEKBURY. 103 

blundering and incapacity of the Duke of Buckingham. 
A Latin translation was published in 1656, 1 but the 
original work remained in MS. until 1860, when forty 
copies only were privately printed, at the expense of 
the present Earl of Powis, for the members of the 
Philo-Biblon Society. 2 Hence this admirable work is 
comparatively little known. 3 

But Lord Herbert's most important work is his 
Life and Reign of King Henry VIII* the original 
MS. of which he deposited in the Bodleian Library, 
Oxford, in 1643, and which was printed and published 
shortly after his death. This is by far his best and 
ablest work, and is a masterpiece of historic biography. 
It is, indeed, generally considered to be one of the best 
histories of its kind in the English language, and has 
passed through many editions. 

Lord Herbert was also a poet. In 1665 a volume 
of his Occasional Verses 5 appeared, a new edition of 
which was published in 188 1. 6 These poems consist 
chiefly of metaphysical love-verses, ingenious but ex- 
cessively obscure, often unintelligible, and generally 
marked with that eccentricity which characterised the 
author's whole life. Herbert belonged to the school of 
poets designated by Johnson the Metaphysical or 
Phantastic School. In style he was a disciple of 
Donne. Perhaps his greatest merit is that he was the 
first to discover the harmony and to perfect the metre 
we are so familiar with from its having been so happily 
used by Tennyson in his In Memoriam, although it 

1 Expeditio Buckinghami Duds in Ream, Insulum. London, 
1656. 

* The Expedition to the Isle of Rhe. London, 1860. 
3 A copy is in the Welshpool Free Public Library. 

* Life and Reign of Henry the Eighth. London, 1649, 1672, 
1682. 

5 Occasional Verses of Edward Lord Herbert, Baron of Cherbury 
and Castle- Island. London, 1665. 

The Poems of Lord Herbert of Cherbury. London, 1881. 



104 EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 

had been previously invented by Donne. How truly 
Tennysonian are the following verses 

" The well accorded birds did sing 

Their hymns unto the pleasant time, 
And in a sweet, consorted chime 
Did welcome in the cheerful Spring. 

" To which soft whistles of the wind, 
And warbling murmurs of a brook, 
And varied notes of leaves that shook, 
An harmony of parts did bind." 

And these 

" Let, then, no doubt, Celinda, touch, 
Much less your fairest mind invade : 
Were not our souls immortal made, 
Our equal loves can make them such. 

" So when from hence we shall be gone, 
And be no more, nor you nor I, 
As one another's mystery, 
Each shall be both, yet both but one. 

" This said, in her uplifted face 

Her eyes which did that beauty crown, 
Were like two stars, that fallen down, 
Look up again to find their place." 

These stanzas are, to my mind, exquisitely beautiful, 
and prove that in addition to his many other accomplish- 
ments Herbert was a true poet. Yet, taken altogether, 
his poems are perhaps the least satisfactory of all his 
writings. 

There are eleven vols. of his MSS. in the library of 
Jesus College, Oxford ; others may be found in the 
libraries of Queen's and Balliol Colleges, including 
several works that have never been published. Among 
his unpublished MSS. is a Lute Book, 1 compiled by 
himself, of 89 folio leaves, very neatly ruled and 
written, " containing divers selected Lessons of excel- 

1 Arch. Camb., 1847, p. 311. 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 105 

lent Authors in several countreys, wherein also are 
some few of my own composition." Some of these 
bear the dates of 1627 and 1628. 

But we must draw to a close our remarks on this 
extraordinary man, who, while he indulged in all the 
gaieties and frivolities of a courtier's life, at the same 
time stood in the first rank among the diplomatists, 
soldiers, historians, and philosophers of his age of 
whom his friend, Ben Jonson, wrote 

" If men get name for some one virtue, then 
What man art thou, that art so many men, 
All virtuous Herbert ! On whose every part 
Truth might spend all her voice, fame all her art. 
Whether thy learning they would take, or wit, 
Or valour, or thy judgment seasoning it." 

One of his biographers 1 truly remarks, " It is hard 
to say whether his person, his understanding, or his 
courage was the most extraordinary ; as the fair, 
the learned, and the brave held him in equal ad- 
miration. But the same man was wise and capri- 
cious ; redressed wrongs and quarrelled for punctilios ; 
hated bigotry in religion, and was himself a bigot to 
philosophy. He exposed himself to such dangers as 
other men would have carefully declined, and called in 
question the fundamentals of a religion which none had 
the hardiness to dispute besides himself." He was 
indeed a bundle of contradictions. In his autobio- 
graphy, described by Walpole as perhaps the most 
extraordinary account that ever was given seriously by 
a wise man of himself, he scorned to conceal his frailties, 
and they were not a few. He, on the contrary, takes 
the reader into his implicit confidence, and exhibits to 
him, without reserve, his foibles, passions, vanity, and 
wrongheadedness ; yet, after all, we feel that, by 
" making a clean breast of it", he has, upon the whole, 
rather gained than lost in our estimation. He pos- 

1 Granger's Biog. Hist, of Eng., vol. ii, p. 145. 



106 EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY. 

sessed a rare insight into character and understood 
men as well as books, and, like a consummate actor, 
he easily won applause in any character he chose to 
assume. His varied gifts and talents were of the 
highest order, and his reputation, great as it is, even 
after the lapse of two centuries and a half, would have 
been still greater if his motives and his actions had 
been purified and hallowed by true religion. 



107 



GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 



II. 

THE BREIDDEN CHILLS 

AND 

THEIE IGNEOUS AND ASSOCIATED ROCKS. 

BY W. W. WATTS, ESQ., M.A., F.G.S., Fellow of Sidney Sussex 
College, Cambridge. 



I. LITERATURE. 

MAW, G. "On the Trappean Conglomerates of Middletown Hill, 
Montgomeryshire." Rep. Brit. Assoc. for 1869. Sections, p. 96. 

MURCHISON, Sir R. I. Silurian System, p. 290, et seq. 1839. 

, Siluria, p. 89. 1859. 

MORTON, G. H. " On the Geology and MineraljVeins of the country 
around Shelve, Shropshire, with a notice of the JBreidden Hills." 
Proc. Liverpool Geol Soc., pp.>0, 41. 1868-69. 

SYMONDS. Rev. W. S. Records of the Rocks, p. 89. 1872. 

RAMSAY, Sir A. Geological Survey of N~. Wales, p. 328. 1881. 

RANDALL, J. Severn Valley, pp. J 20-1 22. 1882. 

LA TOUCHE, Rev. J. D. Geology of Shropshire, p. 12. 1884. 

VINE, G. R. Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc., xli, p. 109. 1885. 

Geological Survey. Map. Sheet 60 N.E. 1850 and 1855. 

Ditto. Horizontal Section. Sheet 35. 1853. 



It. INTRODUCTION. 

The rocks described in this paper occur in a district 
on the borders of Shropshire and Montgomeryshire, on 
the east side of the Severn, about 12 miles W. of 
Shrewsbury and 6 miles N.E. of Welshpool. They are 
mapped by the Geological Survey, but no detailed 
description, except a few notices in Murchison's works, 
has yet been published. 

There are three chief parallel ridges running N.E. 



108 GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 

and S.W. The two westerly ones, called the Breidden 
or Rodney's Pillar Hill (1143') extending northwards 
as far as Brimford Wood and the Criggan, are com- 
posed of intrusive basic rock, and of this there are 
also one or two other little hills the Garreg, near 
Trewern and Foel Coppice to the south, Belan Bank 
rising out of the alluvial plain of the Severn, and 
two small hills to the north. The easterly ridge, whose 
chief summits are Moel-y-Golfa (1199'), Middletown 
Hill, Bui they Hill, and Bausley Hill, consists of ashes, 
conglomerates, and intrusions of an intermediate type. 
Associated with these igneous rocks are shales, sand- 
stones, and mudstones, which appear to be an inlier of 
the Bala rocks of Shelve reappearing under the Silurian 
synclinal of the Long Mountain to the S.E., and which 
also seem to occur as a tiny inlier at Buttington, and 
are apparently continued further to the S.W. in a strip 
of similar rocks to the E. and S.E. of Welshpool. 

In this paper I propose to describe the igneous 
rocks of the region, and to give a short account of the 
sedimentary rocks connected with them. And here I 
have great pleasure in expressing my most sincere 
thanks to Dr. Davidson and Prof. Lapworth for their 
kindness in determining my fragmentary fossils, and 
to Prof. Bonney and Mr. Allport for their ready help 
in the difficulties which beset me in trying to make 
anything out of the petrology of rocks which have 
undergone so much decomposition as these. 

III. ORDOV1CIAN ROCKS. 

These are best exposed in a little brook which rises 
between Bulthey and Bausley Hills, and joining 
Belleisle Brook, cuts through the shales where they are 
not much traversed by eruptive rocks ; but they are 
also seen in many isolated spots amongst the hills, par- 
ticularly near Trewern. They consist of a series of 
slightly varying micaceous shales, dark grey and some- 
times black in colour, easily fissile, slightly concre- 



BREIDDEN HILLS. 109 

tionary, and much broken by ironstained joints. 
Though appearing very likely to be fossiliferous, no 
fossils of any kind have been found in these Criggion 
shales, and their remarkable homogeneity renders it 
useless to attempt to establish divisions amongst them. 
The base of the shales is not seen, for the Severn 
alluvium covers it up. A remarkable band of sharply 
jointed, structureless, black quartzose grit occurs about 
800 feet above the lowest beds seen ; it is 20 feet 
thick, and is evidently much altered by a small dyke 
of diabase which penetrates the shales in its neigh- 
bourhood, and by its proximity to the intrusive mass 
of Brim ford Wood, of which this dyke is an offshoot. 
There are two other dykes, one 60 feet and the other 
30 feet wide, shown in the tributary. Along Belleisle 
Brook, which follows the junction of the shales with 
coarse-grained diabase, the shales are much hardened, 
jointed, and altered. The dip of the rocks along the 
brooks varies from 80 S. to 60 S.E., and 60 S.S.E.; 
and, from the map I should calculate that below the 
ashes, shortly to be described, there are about 2,700 feet 
of rock where least disturbed, though the changes of 
dip and amount of intrusion render this estimate un- 
certain. Shales of precisely this character are observed 
to the S.W., often more or less altered and much 
disturbed in dip (particularly in the neighbourhood of 
the Criggan, Garreg, and other intrusive masses), and 
always unfossiliferous. I have not been able to identify 
the black grit to the south of this section. 

The shales are followed by volcanic ashes and con- 
glomerates, which rise in the hills of the S.E. ridge. 
They are typically developed in the road-cutting be- 
tween Bulthey and Bausley Hills and on the northern 
crag of Bausley Hill where the rock is almost vertical. 
In a quarry near the road-cutting, spotted ashy beds 
and conglomerates are exposed, and these are followed 
by a massive conglomerate (of the road-cutting) which 
dips S.W. and is exclusively composed of volcanic rocks, 
and almost entirely of andesitic fragments (or possibly 



110 



GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 



bombs), some of them reaching a diameter of 18 inches, 
set in a grey or spotted ashy matrix. The thickness 
of conglomerate shown in the road-cutting is 110 feet. 
In Bausley Hill 1 shales and ashy grits are intercalated 
amongst the conglomerates, and consequently the 
series is thicker ; a few fossils are found in the grits. 
In a small farmyard at the north end of Bausley Hill, 
above the conglomerates, occur greenish grey, barren, 
homogeneous or micaceous shales breaking into cuboidal 
fragments, alternating with more sandy beds and 
indurated grey grits with graptolites, which pass 
into thicker bedded and more obviously ashy grits, 
weathering brown and containing shells, trilobites, and 
rare graptolites. These beds are actually overthrust, 
and dip to the N.W. at 38; but I think this is simply 
inversion, for precisely similar beds exist above the 
conglomerates, particularly at the south part of Bausley 
Hill, near a farm-house, where some of the same 
fossils have been found. These localities are the only 
ones from which I have obtained identifiable fossils, 
but they seem to indicate the age of the series pretty 
clearly. Prof. Lapworth has determined the grap- 
tolites, and Dr. Davidson the brachiopoda. 



Climacograptus antiquus (?) Lap. 

- bicornis (?), Hall. 

- Scharenbergi, Lapw. 



Cryptograptus tricornis, Carr. 
Dicranograptus, sp. (1). 
Diplograptus foliaceus, Murch. 
- rugosus, Emm. 



Leptograptus flaccidus (?), Hall. 

Crinoids. 

Beyrichia complicata, Salt. 

Trinucleus concentricus, Eaton. 

fimbriatus, Murch. 

Lingula, sp. 

Orthis testudinaria, Dalm. 

Bellerophon biiobatus, Sow. 



Orthis testudinaria, another Orthis, and crinoid 
stems have been obtained from the second locality just 
named in the south part of Bausley Hill 2 ; while Mr. 
Morgan 3 has found Thamniscus antiquus and other 

1 Silurian System, 292. 

2 Since this was written, Prof. Lapworth has found Diplograptus 
foliaceus in this locality, and Trinucleus in the matrix of the con- 
glomerate. 3 Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc., xli, 111. 



BREIDDEN HILLS. Ill 

forms in ashy beds to the N.E. of Middletown Hill. 
These fossils, of which some range from Lower to 
Middle Bala, some from Middle to Upper Bala, and 
some have a wider range, seem to indicate that these 
beds belong to the Bala group, and are the equivalents 
of the top of the Glenkiln or bottom of the Hartfell 
series of South Scotland. Above them come similar 
unfossiliferous shales with more frequent grit bands. 
It is almost certain that the exact equivalent of these 
beds exists in the rocks of Hagley, in the Corndon 
district. The Hagley ashes of Prof. Lapworth contain 
most of the fossils 'of the above list, and they are 
underlain by a great thickness of similar, almost barren 
shales and mudstones, the Aldress beds of the same 
author ; these rocks are of lower Caradoc age, and have 
been correlated with the Harnage shales of the Caradoc 
area. 

When traced to the S.W., ashy beds come in below 
the conglomerates, and a syncline and anticlinal fault 
in the rocks make them occupy a wide extent on the 
map. The ash is made up of fragments of decomposed 
felspar, often replaced by kaolin, and stained light 
green, like some of the felspar crystals in weathered 
pieces of Shap Fell granite ; there are also flesh- 
coloured and black fragments, and fragments of banded 
rhyolite. A large amount of this rock has been 
quarried for china-stone, but the depth of colour in all 
but a few beds spoiled it for this purpose. Under the 
microscope the ash shows all the characters of a tra- 
chytic tuff altered to kaolin and quartz. This ash is 
again seen to the S. of Moel-y-Golfa, and in one or 
two isolated spots to the N.E. It passes up into 
andesitic conglomerate, and that, in a quarry at the 
foot of the hill, into 10 feet of volcanic grit without 
pebbles, followed by sandstone and shale with hard 
grit bands containing Pentamerus ; a fault obscures 
the exact relations of the two groups. 

The lowest rocks seen in Moel-y-Golfa are andesites, 
well exposed in the great crags at the S.W.-end of the 



112 GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 

hill. Similar rocks are seen on the S.E. side, one of 
them heing amjgdaloidal, to a total thickness perhaps of 
400 feet, until, at about 650 feet from the summit, they 
are followed by ashy beds and these by conglomerates, 
both of which wrap round the S.W. end of the hill. 
The ash, when not of the china-stone type, is obviously 
formed of the same materials as the andesite of the 
hill, and the conglomerates, in which I have measured 
fragments 2 feet long, are composed of lumps of the 
same rock. Near to the conglomerate, and imitating 
it in a singular fashion, is what I now believe to be a 



nodular intrusive andesite, very similar to a rock found 
in Todleth Hill, in the Shelve area ; this is the rock of 
the quarry in the Welshpool Road. 

The hill is very abrupt at its S.W. extremity, and 
the ashes and conglomerates do not thin out as they do 
northwards, but are replaced on the plain by the shales 
of Trewern, like those found elsewhere beneath the 
conglomerate, suggesting that the beds are cut off by 
a fault ; but there is no additional evidence of this 
unless we consider the absence of the black grit of 
Belleisle Brook to be such. 

At Cefn, near Buttington, there is an inlier, possibly 
of the same rocks, associated with an intrusion of 
diabase. The quarries show shivery grey shales inter- 
bedded with grits often baked to quartzite, and very 
much contorted by the intrusion. 1 

From this description it will be seen that the centre 
of volcanic activity was at Moel-y-Golfa, where the 
ash beds are thickest, while further north the area was 
for the most part submerged, becoming occasionally 
shallow for the formation of conglomerates and even 
at times upheaved to receive the ashes. 

IV. SILURIAN ROCKS. 

These occupy an area S.E. of the ridges, and closely 
overlap the Ordovician rocks, particularly on the flank 

u Silurian System, 292 ; also v. page 114. 



BRE1DDEN HILLS. 113 

of Middletown Hill, where the lowest beds are exposed. 
It is extremely unfortunate that, though these rocks 
are in close proximity to exposures of the volcanic 
conglomerate, the actual base and the character of the 
junction cannot be determined. The lower rocks, 
exposed in a lane leading from Middletown to the 
Barytes mine, consist of greenish-brown, rather tough, 
thin-bedded muds tones, and soft sandstone much 
stained with ochre, and containing a few quartz pebbles 
and some hardened, impure, siliceous concretions and 
beds ; they are barren for the most part, but have 
yielded a few shell- casts. The strata dip at 35 S. 
30 E., and about 250 feet are exposed. I have found 
the following fossils, most of which Dr. Davidson has 
kindly examined for me : 



Pentamerus globosus (?), Sow. 



oblongus, Sow. 

undatus, Soiv. 

Athyris (?) , sp. 



Orthis rustica (?), Sow. 

, sp. 

Lepteena transversalis, Wahl. 
Strephomena rhomboidalis, Wahl. 



together with a gasteropod and a small brachiopod 
of an unknown genus, but resembling Triplesia. 
These fix the age of these beds as May-Hill, and so 
there must be a marked break between the Ordovician 
and Pentamerus beds, and an unconformability of 
which the slight change in dip gives little evidence. 

Faults which bear barytes traverse Middletown Hill 
to the N.E. of this exposure, coursing N. 35 W. and 
S. 35 E., and introduce a slip of similar rocks between 
the Ordovician rocks. In this strip I have found : 

Petraia subduplicata(?), M'Coy. 
Pentamerus oblongus, Sow. 

There are no exposures to show what immediately 
follows these beds, but the next rock seen is a purple 
shale, shown in the small brooks near Middletown School- 
house and the New Inn, and in the brook which rises near 
the Four Crosses Inn. It is a purple shale, soft and mi- 
caceous, containing green bands and concretions. No 
fossils have hitherto been found in it. It dips S. 10 

VOL. XXIV. I 



114 GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 

E. at from 35 to 50, and appears to be about 200 feet 
thick, while the total thickness from the lowest May- 
Hill beds exposed to the top of this shale cannot be 
much less than 660 feet. The upper part becomes 
greyer and more concretionary until it passes into the 
ordinary grey Wenlock shale. The purple beds have 
also been recognised along the brooks and roads around 
the Buttington inlier, but I have not yet recognised 
Pentamerus-beds there. 1 The position, appearance, 
and character of these shales link them with the purple 
shales above the Pentamerus-beds in Shropshire, and 
they are the probable equivalent of the Tarannon shales 
of North Wales. 

The Wenlock shales follow, and they are of im- 
portance from their position as showing a transition 
from the calcareous development in Salop to the 
arenaceous type of Denbigh. They are admirably 
displayed in road- and railway-cuttings, small quarries, 
and a number of transverse streams which flow down 
from the Long Mountain. I have not yet been able 
to work out these rocks in great detail, still less to 
follow the zones to the S.E. side of the synclinal, 
but I hope at some future time to return to this, the 
abundance of graptolites giving promise of useful 
results. 

I have run four sections across these beds from N.W. 
to S.E., between the north of the area and Buttington, 
and they show a pretty regular succession and palseon- 
tological development, such as enables us to compare 
them with other areas. 

Beginning at the N. (fig. 1) a number of sections are 
laid open along the brook running from Hargrave 
Wood to Middletown. At the junction of this with 
a tributary flowing past the schoolhouse, the lowest 
beds of concretionary, grey, calcareous shale (a) contain 
a few undeterminable shells, and dip S. 15 E. at 32. A 

1 It is possible that the rocks of the quarry near Buttington 
Station are the May- Hill grits, and that they are intruded by the 
diabase there. 



BUEIDDEN HILLS. 



115 



Brook. _. 



Boad.. 




little further up, where the brook crosses the railway, 

are similar shales (b) with concretions (2 feet across) 

dipping 10 S. 10E., and containing 

the following graptolites, which, to- ? 

gether with others shortly to be 

mentioned, have been kindly de- HaiiMm 

termined by Prof. Lapworth : 



Cyrtograptus, sp. 
Monograptus priodon, var. 
Flemingii, Salt. 

These are Lower Wenlock forms. 
Further up, where a branch from 
Winnington Green enters, in a small 
quarry, are finer bedded shales (c) 
which dip S. 60 E. at 56, and con- 
tain 

Mouograptus basilicas (dubius, Suss). 

priodon, JBronn. 

vomerinus (?), Nich. 

Calymene, sp. 
Cucullella, sp. 
Orthoceras angulatum, Rising. 



Brook. 
Quarry. 



Road. 



Eailway. _ 



all fossils belonging to the Upper 

Wenlock. Above this the beds get Brook 

gradually more sandy and flaggy, as Tributary. 

though the sea were slowly shallow- 
ing. Near the Rose and Crown Inn 
is a capital exposure in these upper 
beds (d), concretionary brown mud- 
stones dipping 40 S. 20 E., and 
yielding 



Lane. - K'/ 



Monograptus colonus, Lapw. 

leintwardinensis, Hopk. 

Entomis tuberculosa, Jones. 
Orthoceras, sp. 



Fia. 1. SECTION FROM 
MiDDr.KTOWN HILL TO 

PABTON WOOD. 
(Scale 3 in. to a mile.) 



These fossils belong to the Lower Ludlow rocks, and 
must be classed with them. At the Hall Mill above 

I 2 



116 GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 

this spot are brown and dark-grey sandy mudstones, 
finely laminated, with some calcareous bands (e) dipping 
40 S. 25 E. Here I have found no fossils. 

A second section runs from Coppice House, near 
Middletown Station through Glyn to Trefnant, and 
shows a very similar succession. At Coppice House 
the grey shales dip 63 S. 20 E., and have yielded 

Monograptus vomerinus, Nidi. 
Orthoceras subundulatum (?), Portl. 

On the larger brook, where it receives tributaries 
from Glyn Common, massive concretionary shales are 
exposed in a quarry and have a slight dip to N.W. 
In these I have found 

Monograptus colonus (?), Lapw. 

Nilssoni, Barr. 

priodon, var. Flemingii, Salt. 

Orthoceras subundulatum (?), Portl. 

a very curious mixture of forms, of which the first 
ranges from Upper Wenlock to Lower Ludlow, the 
second belongs to the Upper Ludlow, and the third to 
Lower and Upper Wenlock. So these beds may come 
between Lower and Upper Wenlock. Half-a-mile 
further S.E., on the brook from Trefnant, are exposures 
of shales, with dips varying from S, 65 E. to S. 20 
W. at low angles. Near to Trefnant these beds con- 
tain the following Lower Ludlow fossils : 

Monograptus Nilssoni, Barr. 
Salweyi, Hopk. 

A third section runs from Llwyn-Melyn farm past 
Dingle Mill to the County Bridge on the highroad 
from Woolaston to Welshpool. In the lane from 
Trewern to Dingle Mill, and in the railway-cutting 
near Llwyn-Melyn, are the usual hard, grey, calcareous 
shales, very concretionary and dipping S. 20 W., at 
38, They contain 

Monograptus (like colonus, Lapw.). 
Cardiola interrupta, Brod. 
Orthoceras subundulatum, Portl. 



BUE1DDEN HILLS. 117 

Concretionary shales dip up Dingle Brook at 28 S. 
5E., and in a quarry near the old mill, marked by an 
arrow on the Survey Map, I have obtained 

Monograptus colon us, Lapw. 
Orthoceras, sp. 

Above this are sandy laminated shales, exposed at the 
County Bridge, dipping 49 S. 10 E. 

A fourth section goes S.E. from Sale, near Butting- 
ton, to Ucheldre, and shows purple shales at the base, 
wrapping round the little anticlinal of Ordovician rock ; 
these pass up by alternations into grey Wenlock shales, 
but all these rocks are much contorted near the inlier. 
Fossils are found in the Lower Wenlock of Sale 

Monograptus vomerinus, Nich. 
Orthoceras subunduJatum (?;, Port. 

Near Ucheldre a quarry with shale dipping 40 S. 

20 E. yields 

Monograptus Rcemeri, Barr. 

and the neighbouring brook running to Lower Heldre, 
where it crosses the road, shows dark grey shales with 

Atrypa reticularis, Linn. 
Rhynchonella nucula, Sow. 
borealis, Schloth. 

So we must class these beds with the Upper Wenlock. 
Summing up the Silurian, there seem to be five 

zones 

( 5. Lower Ludlow \ 

Salopian < 4. Upper Wenlock > about 2,500'. 

( 3. Lower Wenlock J 

TT , ,. (2. Purple Shales ) /,/, A / 

Valentian Six, u j f 660. 

( 1. Pentamerus Beds ) 

To zone 3 belong the beds with Cyrtograptus (?), where 
Hargrave Brook crosses the railway, the beds of 
Coppice House and Sale. We must place between 3 
and 4 the rocks of Glyn and Llwyn-Melyn. To 4 
belong those of Winnington (c), Mill on Dingle Brook, 
and Ucheldre ; and the beds of Trefnant and the Bose 
and Crown must be grouped in 5. 



118 GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 

Although the Silurian usually dips at a lower angle 
than the Ordovician, particularly near the junction, the 
variation in dip is so great that we cannot use this 
as any proof of unconformability ; but quite sufficient 
exists in the presence of bands containing Middle Bala 
and May-Hill fossils respectively, so near to one another 
as in the different exposures in Middletown Hill and 
to the south. 



V. IGNEOUS ROCKS. 

1. Older Series. 

These occur in Moel-y-Golfa, and are for the most 
part well exposed on its crags. They appear to consist 
of a set of rocks belonging to an andesitic type, some- 
what of the character of the andesites described by 
Mr. Teall in his paper on the Cheviot rocks. 1 

Macroscopically these rocks are dark grey or dull 
greenish in colour, weathering light brown or white, 
sharply jointed, sometimes columnar (as in the N.W. 
flank of the hill, where the columns are from 2 feet to 
18 inches across), and often traversed by platy joints at 
right angles to the columns. They reveal a dead 
ground-mass with small porphyritic crystals of felspar 
pink, white, or green, rarely more than 0.1 inch in 
length and black crystals of pyroxene, generally 
smaller ; these are well shown on polished surfaces. 
Often the felspars look broken and rounded, and tempt 
one to think that there may be ash-beds amongst the 
lavas ; but though I have most carefully searched for 
such beds in the field and with the microscope, I have 
been unable to obtain conclusive evidence on this point, 
even the most fragmental-looking to the eye giving 
evidence under the microscope that they are merely 
intrusive rocks in which the crystals have been a little 
knocked about ; and Prof. Bonney, who has most 
kindly examined several of my most typical specimens, 

1 Geol. Mag., dec. u, vol. x, p, 100 et seq. 



BREIDDEN HILLS. J 19 

entirely concurs in this conclusion. Macroscopically, 
these rocks present only varietal differences, so that 
general descriptions will suffice. 

1. Felspar. The smaller crystals have frequently 
perfect angles arid edges ; the larger are often broken 
or incomplete, at least at one end. There are generally 
two kinds present : first, large crystals, showing poly- 
synthetic twinning ; these are generally in the mi- 
nority ; but when this is the case the felspars have 
undergone much alteration, and this may have masked 
the twinning ; secondly, single twinned or untwinned 
crystals, sometimes quite like sanidine in their glassy 
clearness, cracks, and inclusions ; but Prof. Bonney 
thinks these are generally plagioclase ; probably both 
kinds are only labradorite. They are both much 
altered, chiefly to kaolin : and often this alteration 
following the almost rectangular cleavage cracks, has 
isolated small spherules of unaltered mineral. In- 
clusions are very common, and usually the matter of 
the inclusions closely resembles the base of the rock : 
and even when it differs, it is seen to be only in a 
slightly different state of alteration, for transitions 
may be traced. In the specimen, which looks, when 
weathered, most like an ash (from the S.E. crags, 300 
feet 1 from the summit), the inlets of the base are most 
obviously connected with growth ; for from their shape 
they could not be accidental fractures, as a glance at 
fig. 3 will show. In a specimen taken at the northern 
end, 400 feet from the summit (fig. 2), Prof. Bonney 
noticed a little epidote and serpentinous aggregates 
enclosed in the felspar, and the latter are pretty com- 
mon in other specimens. 

2. Pyroxene. There are two forms of this mineral 
present : (a) Rhombic pyroxene, in octagonal or elong- 
ated sections, indicating a good development of 
pinacoidal faces truncated by those of the prism. 
There is a good cleavage parallel to the best developed 

1 These, and the other distances given, express vertical height. 



120 



GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 



pinacoid, but no trace of any other cleavage. The 
crystals are terminated by oblique faces, probably 




Fig. 2. FELSPAR-CRYSTAL in Andesite at N. end of Moel-y-Golfa, 400 ft. from summit, 
showing Fractures of Crystal (a) and Inclusion of Serpentine (6). 

domes, which are generally only developed at one end 
of the crystal. The structure is slightly fibrous, and 
there are curious lamellee of darker green mineral 




Fig. 3. EDGE OF FELSPAR CRYSTAL, shewing Inclusions of Base. 

generally parallel to the principal pinacoid. It is 
slightly dichroic, passing from greenish-yellow, when 
the cleavage is parallel to the short axis of the nicol, 
to light-straw yellow w T hen placed at right angles. 
The maximum extinction takes place when the cleavage 
is parallel to one of the vibration-planes of the crossed 
nicols, and the polarization colours are not of a very 
high order. It occurs in crystals of all sizes, retaining 
its shape down to the smallest prisms. It is best 
observed in its unaltered state in the great crags 
running round the E. and S.E. side of the hill, at a 
vertical distance of from 300 to 400 feet from the 
summit, but in an altered state it occurs in almost 



BRKIDDEN HILLS. 121 

all the andesites, being replaced by a green or brown 
serpentinous pseudomorph, in the manner so admirably 
figured by Mr. W. Cross. 1 The serpentine needles 
frequently have a radial arrangement, and there is 
more alteration in the large than in the smaller 
crystals. In some of the specimens minute short 
needles of green mineral occur, arranged parallel to 
the pinacoid ; in others they are longer and look more 
like distinct twins ; exactly similar needles are fre- 
quently sown broadcast through the ground of the 
rock. They are somewhat opaque, and it is difficult 
to determine anything definite about them ; they 
appear to be dichroic, and to have a high extinction 
angle, so they may possibly be an abnormal form of 
augite. 

The hypersthene described by Mr. Whitman Cross 2 
shows prismatic cleavage ; that noticed by Mr. Teall 
from the Cheviots 3 appears to have no pinacoidal 
cleavage ; the hypersthene in a Montserrat lava de- 
scribed by Mr. Waller, 4 too, shows prismatic as well as 
a brachy pinacoidal cleavage ; and all these are different 
in colour and in polarization-tints from the mineral 
here described. On the other hand, the enstatite of 
Eycott Hill, described by Prof. Bonney, 5 is like this in 
shape, colour, cleavage, fibrous structure, and alter- 
ation, so that the mineral is some form of enstatite 
or bronzite. Prof. Rosenbusch, too, speaks of a similar 
mineral with pinacoidal cleavage. 

(b) Monoclinic Pyroxene. In the best preserved 
specimens there is often sufficiently preserved to be 
recognisable a considerable quantity of augite, though 
the enstatite predominates over it. It is often altered 
to greenish chloritic products, and even further to 
calcite. 

1 Bulletin, United Slates Geol. Surv., i, 1885, pi. n, fig. 8. 

2 W. Cross, loc. cit., p. 21. 

3 Teall, Geol. Mag., dec. n, vol. x, p. 103. 

4 Waller, Geol. Mag., p. 291. 

5 Bonney, Geol. Mag., dec. in, vol. i, p. 77. 



122 GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 

3. Amphibole. In one or two of the slides there is 
pretty characteristic brown dichroic hornblende, and 
in many of them are elongated and basal sections, 
which, though very highly altered, must, from their 
outline, be referred to this mineral. 

4. Magnetite, Ilmenite, and Haematite, are all of 
them present, the second probably in greatest quantity, 
in distinct crystals generally of a fair size, though 
often in quite minute grains. Haematite is common in 
the felspars and pyroxenes where the rock is in an 
exposed situation, and tints the crystals and cracks 
with its characteristic colour. 

5. Black mica has been suspected by Prof. Bonney 
in at least one of the slides, but it is evidently a rare 
accessory. 

6. Apatite occurs, too, in several of the specimens, 
in clear elongated needles, and is evidently a product 
of early consolidation. 

7. There are many alteration products, mostly of a 
serpentinous nature, but some are clear and bright and 
colourless. 

The ground-mass of the rock is a close felt of colour- 
less microliths apparently of felspar ; it breaks up 
into a pale mosaic between crossed nicols ; amongst 
these are innumerable opaque, whitish and greenish 
bodies, whose presence renders it extremely difficult to 
say whether the base has any glass left in it. I have 
been unable, after the most minute search, to detect 
any unindividualized glass in the matrix, though in a 
few base inclusions in the felspar I think there is a 
little still left. That it has once been a glass, I think, 
admits of little doubt. In some of the specimens 
were indications of flow structure ; out of this magma 
the pyroxenes appear to have crystallised first, and 
then the felspars. The average specific gravity of the 
rocks is 2.66. 

This description makes it pretty evident that we have 
here a group of andesites of that type becoming so widely 
known now as bearing rhombic pyroxene. This par- 



BRE1DDEN HILLS. 123 

ticnlar group appears to deserve the name of enstatite- 
andesites, or some might prefer to call them enstatite- 
porphyrites. Prof. Bonney says, "I could imagine 
some of the lavas I have from the Andes getting to 
look like this rock "; and the resemblance between 
their structure and that of the Rosenau andesites is 
most marked. 

These rocks are most likely intrusions which have 
supplied the material for the ash and conglomerates, the 
fragments of which obviously consist of this rock ; 
and the microscope completely confirms the identi- 
fication. The ashy matter in which the pebbles are 
imbedded consists of broken crystals like those in the 
andesite ; and the Middletown ash might have been 
formed from such felspar crystals as occur in it. There 
are one or two small veins of it intruded into the ash 
of Middletown quarry. 

The age of the andesitic intrusive rocks is probably 
post-Ordovician and pre-Siiurian ; at least this is the 
conclusion I have arrived at with regard to similar 
rocks in the Shelve area, where there is rather more 
evidence to be gathered. 

2. Newer Series. 

Belan Bank, two hills N. and S. of the chapel at 
Bausley the latter connected with Brim ford Wood 
by dykes Rodney's Pillar Hill, the Criggan, Foel 
Coppice, the little Garreg near Trewern, a small rock 
near Cefn, at Buttington, and a small intrusion on 
Bulthey Hill, are all composed of varieties of intrusive 
igneous rock. 

Macroscopically, it varies from dark grey rock, in 
which there are obvious crystals of pyroxene and fel- 
spar, to a green type, in which the crystals are less 
obvious and more decomposed. One rock in Brimford 
Wood contains a much elongated variety of augite and 
large felspars, so that it looks at first rather like a 
gabbro. Amygdaloids occur commonly, particularly at 
Rodney's Pillar Hill, and there are similar rocks right 




124 GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 

down to the base of the hill, which I examined in the 
company of Mr. Silvester and some others of my 
students ; occasionally the vesicular structure is de- 
ceptive and due to the surface-weathering of some of 
the minerals ; hut in all the massifs some true amyg- 
daloids can be found. The rock usually weathers 
brown, and is divided into large irregular columns on 
the summit of Rodney's Pillar Hill. The varieties 
group themselves under three main heads, so descrip- 
tions of specimens from a few typical localities will 
give the best idea of the structure of the rocks. 

(a) Rodney's Pillar Hill, Criggan, Belan Bank, and 
Trewern. This type is green, and shows lath-like 
felspars and pyroxene ; it is granular in aspect, and 
there is not the obvious ground-mass of the andesites. 
It is often amygdaloidal, the kernels consisting of 
calcite. The rock is often ophitic in structure, but fre- 
quently there are spaces between the minerals occupied 
by opacite, apparently an alteration product. There 
are often two generations of felspar, larger lath-shaped 
porphyritic crystals arid small microlitos ; both appear 
to be labradorite, though they are a good deal decom- 
posed into greyish granular products ; occasionally 
there are inclusions of serpentine in the felspar. 

The pyroxene is of two kinds. Colourless augite 
with marked cleavage-and-growth lines, often twinned, 
occurs in large and small irregular grains, polarizing 
with bright colours, and giving the usual high-ex- 
tinction angle of augite ; it fits in between the other 
constituents. Grains of rhombic pyroxene are also 
present in great quantity, though generally much de- 
composed ; it is green, fibrous, and dichroic, changing 
from full green to light-straw yellow, and with one 
marked cleavage, so that it is the mineral that charac- 
terises the andesites, namely enstatite. It is altered 
generally into brownish fibrous matter, and still further 
into a mass of serpentine. The enstatite is present in 
much greater quantity than the augite. 

Many scattered grains and crystals of magnetite 



BRE1DDEN HILLS. 125 

and ilmenite are present, having evidently consolidated 
first, followed by the felspar, and that by pyroxenes, 
of which the enstatite probably solidified earlier than 
the augite. A highly altered form of this type pre- 
sents the same characters, while the augite remains 
unaltered ; the serpentinous products in shape and 
structure suggest the form of enstatite rather than 
that of olivine ; opacite occupies the spaces between 
the crystals. A good deal of calcite is present in 
some of them, invading the serpentine first, and then 
the felspar. 

The average specific gravity of the rock is 2.7. It 
must be called an enstatite-diabase or dolerite. 

(b) Hills N. and S. of the chapel in Bausley village. 
This is the dark-grey variety, showing large distinctly 
twinned felspars and obvious pyroxene. It looks much 
like the Whin-Sill diabase, but the resemblance dis- 
appears under the microscope, which also reveals that 
a greater change has taken place in the rock than 
would be suspected. The structure of the rock is 
generally ophitic, but occasionally there are felspar 
microliths or opacite between the crystals. There 
is an unusually large proportion of plagioclase in 
large crystals, but the pyroxene is almost unre- 
cognisable ; I think, however, I make out a little augite, 
and there are the usual serpentinous replacements 
which suggest the presence of enstatite, though often 
the grains are edged with calcite. The serpentine 
fibres are arranged in little radiating groups, and 
opaque whitish stuff often occurs between the crystals, 
probably an alteration-product. The specific gravity 
of this rock is 2.697. 

(c) A variety appears in Brimford Wood apparently 
in segregation- veins, which is rather different from the 
other types. The structure is most typically ophitic. 
The felspar is much decomposed, but is evidently 
plagioclase, the augite in large clear colourless plates 
in which the felspar is imbedded, and there is a ser- 
pentinous mineral in great quantity which might be a 



126 



GEOLOGY OF POWYS-LAND. 



replacement of olivine or enstatite, but Prof. Bonney, 
who has seen the slide, thinks probably the former, and 
mentions rocks from North Wales rather like this one. 
Where thrust in thin dykes into the shales, large fel- 
spars are still visible, but they are set in a micro- 
crystalline matrix composed of small felspar crystals 
.arid calcite, which latter has taken the place of all but 
the felspar, and has even attacked that. This rock is 
either an enstatite or olivine diabase. 

These rocks are all intrusive into the Criggion shales 
surrounding them, and evidence of this is abundant 
throughout the district. On a small branch of Belleisle 
Brook the subjoined section (fig. 4) shows the intrusion 




Fig. 4. SECTION IN SMALL TEIBUTAET OF BELLISLE BROOK. (Length, 15 feet.) 
D. Diabase intrusive in Shale S'. S". Fragment of Shale caught in Diabase. 

of diabase, and at least two other distinct veins of it 
have been found in other parts of this brook and its 
tributaries, connecting the Brimford Wood with the 
massifs. Then, again, the actual contact is seen to the 
west of the Criggan, where the diabase alters the 
shales very considerably at contact. A thin section of 
shale taken from this spot shows a development of 
small scales of white mica and of greenish brown 
dichroic mica parallel to the lamination ; but the most 
interesting feature is the incipient brecciation of the 
rock by a number of minute faults evidently caused by 
the violence of intrusion. The faults vary in throw 
from 0.2 to .03 inch, and some of the very smallest 
may be as little as .006 inch in throw ; most of them 
are normal, but the largest and a few others are re- 



BUE1DDEN HILLS. 127 

versed I count 14 of thorn in a specimen 2 inches 
long. On the S.E. side similar hardening takes place, 
the shales often being burnt red ; but I cannot recog- 
nise any secondary crystallisation. At Trewern and 
round Rodney's Pillar Hill the shales are also much 
contorted and hardened near the junction ; in the 
quarry near Buttington Station sand-beds are con- 
verted into quartzite. 

As to the age of the diabases, we cannot do much 
more than conjecture. In no place do they actually 
traverse Silurian rocks except possibly near Buttington, 
where the later rocks are as remarkably disturbed as 
the Ordovician, and I trace this disturbance to the 
intrusion of igneous rock. If they are really post- 
Silurian, it is very difficult to assign their exact age ; 
for in this part of the country most of the post-Silurian 
igneous rocks are later than early Carboniferous, and 
are dolerites much less altered than these, and with a 
different mineral composition and structure. It is of 
course possible that they may belong to the Old Red 
Sandstone period ; but such rocks are absent from 
central England. There is one area which may afford 
some clue to this question, and that is the N.W. corner 
of the Corndon district, where similar diabases break 
through Ordovician rocks. I have already begun to 
work there with the object of determining this point 
amongst others, and have come to the conclusion 
that the diabase of that area are of post- Silurian 
age. 

VI. SUMMARY. 

This little patch of country displays a series of 
rocks which contain a very interesting history. For a 
long period it must have been under a moderately 
deep sea, so that the Ordovician shales were formed. 
Gradually the area became uplifted, and volcanic erup- 
tions similar to those of Santorin, in the Greek Archi- 
pelago, took place. Although some of the volcanic 



128 BREIDDEN HILLS. 

ashes and all the conglomerates were doubtless formed 
under water, it is possible that at times an island may 
have been formed by the piling up of ash and tuff. 
No lava appears to have been poured out, but the 
molten rock, then, or at some subsequent date which 
cannot be accurately ascertained, was thrust amongst 
the ashes in sheets and masses which now stand out 
as the andesite crags of Moel-y-Golfa. Then the sea 
began to deepen again, and the waves broke from the 
old cone the sand which forms the Pentamerus beds ; 
the deposit of the purple shales followed, and it was 
in turn succeeded by the great thickness of Wenlock 
shales, and doubtless also by rocks of the same age 
as the Wenlock Edge limestone. No limestone, how- 
ever, was formed in this area, apparently because the 
supply of mud worn from the volcanic banks of the 
Breiddens, Shelve, and Wales did not allow of the free 
growth of the coral reefs and shell-banks of Shrop- 
shire. After this, possibly at the time when great 
earth-crust movements were forming so many moun- 
tain ranges in North and South Scotland, Wales, and 
Western England, volcanic energy again burst forth, 
and melted dolerite was forced from the volcanic reser- 
voir into the clefts and fissures of the stretched and 
straining rocks. 



129 



THE MYDDLETONS OF MYDDLETON. 



NORMAN LINE. 

THERE is a tradition, pronounced "apocryphal", in the 
Cedwyn MS., 1 relating to a certain " L'd Eblet", or 
Lord of Elboeuf in Normandy, who stands at the head 
of Lewis Dwnn's pedigree of the Edwardes of Castle 
Trynn and Pentre, and who is said to have been 
"sister's son of William the Conqueror". 

This Norman proprietor of Elboeuf is probably iden- 
tical with an individual described by the name of 
"GrentaV'Graunte", "Gurant", "Gueront"; the latter 
Latinised into"Gorhannus", and Cymricised into "Gwr- 
ganus". 2 It has been shown, in a paper 3 on^the Norman 
ancestry of the Myddletons of Myddleton, Chirbury, 
that this " Grenta" was probably the common ancestor 
of the Mores of Linley, the Myddletons of Myddleton, 
the Edwardes of Pentre, the Broughtons 4 of Brough- 
ton, near Bishop's Castle, and others. 

He occurs from 1066 to 1110 as a landowner in 
Norfolk and Shropshire, and in the Domesday Survey 
of the latter county is recorded as holding half a hide 
of land in Worthen, as one of the knights of Roger 
Fitz Corbet. 5 In 1110 he held Shipton (? Moore- 
house) and Larden, and probably Linley and Middle- 
ton, which it is known were held by his sons and 
grandsons. 

1 See Montgomeryshire Collections, vol. x, p. 41. 

2 Lewis Dwnn's Visitations, vol. i, p. 323; Mont. Coll., reprint, 
p. 140. 

3 Mont. Coll., vol. xiv, p. 279. 

4 A family not to be confounded with the cadet member of the 
Wynne of Garth family, who, inheriting the estate of Broughton, 
assumed the latter as a surname. (L. Dwnn, reprint, p. 153.) 

5 Eyton's Antiquities of Shropshire, vol. xi, p. 95. 

VOL. XXIV. K 



130 



THE MYDDLETONS OF MYDDLETON. 



His family connection is given in tabular form for 
facility of reference. 



RobertGrante, onthe Eoll=j=? Sister of William 
of Battle Abbey, 1066; I the Conqueror. 



Gilbert de Clare.=f= 
Dead in 1124. 



1067. 



' Gueront, fils de Robert", or Gwr-=j= Matilda Ad eliza=f= Alberic de 



ganus Fitz-Grante, on Roll of 
Battle Abbey, occurs 1066-1110. 


de Clare. 


de 
Clare. 


Vere. 


Roger Fitz- 
Grent of Lin- 
ley, ancestor 
of the Mores, 
occurs 
114.8-1174. 


Lenewine 1 Fitz- 
Grent of Linley, 
ancestor of the 
Edwardes, Myd- 
dletons, and 
Broughtons, 
occurs 1148-1160. 


Herbert 
Fitz- 
Gurant 
of Mile- 
ham, 
Norfolk, 
occurs 
1165. 


Alberic 
de Vere, 
Earl of 
Oxford, 
1141. 


Henry de= 
Essex, 
Con- 
stable of 
England. 


= Cecilia, 
als. 
Alicia 
de Vere. 



We are informed that "Gwrganus de Graunte venit 
cum Wm. Conquest.", and that he married Matilda, 
daughter of Gilbert de Clare 2 (dead in 1124), the pro- 
genitor of the De Clares, Earls of Pembroke and Hert- 
ford. Matilda's sister Adeliza was the mother of 
Alberic de Vere, created Earl of Oxford in 1141. 3 

The roll of Battle Abbey confirms this advent, for 
we find among the following of the Conqueror at the 
decisive battle of Senlac, near Hastings, on the 14th 
October 1066, among his companions in arms, "Robert 
Grante", "Gueront fils de Robert" 4 (Grante). Here 
Gueront, Gorhannus, or Gwrganus, would appear to be 
a Christian name, and Grante the surname of the 
family ; but that these names refer to the same indi- 
vidual will be seen from the following. 

Archbishop Stigand, who probably crowned Harold 

1 Linley, a member of Lydbury North, was given by Gilbert 
Foliot, Bishop of Hereford, to Grenta fitz Lenewine alias Grenta de 
Middleton ; the deed of feoffment passed between 1148 and 1155. 
(Eyton, vol. xi, p. 207.) 

2 Vincent's Collections, College of Arms, under Button alias Graunt, 
fo. 60. 

3 Rev. R. W. Eyton, quoted from the Shropshire Archaeological 
Transactions, vol. ii, p. 19. 

4 Herald and Genealogist, p. 529. 



THE MYDDLETONS OF MYDDLETON. 131 

at Westminster, 6th January 1066, held then the 
Honour of Mileham, in Norfolk, but was deprived of 
it by William the Conqueror. In 1110 Mileham was 
held by the great Shropshire feudatory Alan Fitz 
Flaald. Under him " Gorhannus" held a knight's fee 
there, which knight's fee, in 1165, was held by "Her- 
bert 'Fitz-Grurant" '. " Roger Fitz Grante," ancestor of 
the Mores, and brother of Herbert Fitz Gurant, had 
held (tenuit) Linley before 1148-55, the approximate 
date of a deed quoted by Mr. Eyton. 1 

Hence we conclude that there was an individual, 
under various synonyms, the common ancestor of the 
Myddletons of Myddleton and certain local families 
before mentioned, who is said, on the authority of 
Welsh genealogists, to have been a nephew (" sister's 
son") of the Conqueror, and Lord of Elboeuf. The 
veracity of this statement is supported by the known 
presence of the supposed brother-in-law of the Con- 
queror, " Kobert Grante", on the roll of Battle Abbey ; 
and there is nothing inconsistent with the fitness of 
historical and chronological surroundings to discredit 
the fact that the son, " Gueront fils de Robert", also 
at Hastings, came with his father from Elbceuf, and 
might be the " sister's son of William the Conqueror". 

With these preliminary remarks we can proceed to 
notice what Mr. Eyton, our great local authority, has 
to say concerning this Gueront, Grenta, or Grant, and 
his descendants, the Myddletons of Myddleton. 

Grente is noticed in Domesday as one of Roger 
Fitz Corbet's knights, holding half a hide in Roger's 
manor of Worthen in 1086. 2 

Mr. Eyton tells us that Richard de Belmeis, Sheriff 
or Viceroy of Shropshire, presiding at an assembly of 
bishops and notabilities at Wistanston, about 1110, 
issued a formal charter of censure, apparently at the 
instance of Ramelinus, Bishop of Hereford, upon one 

1 See Montgomeryshire Collections, quoting Ey ton's Antiq. of Shrop* 
shire, vol. xiv, pp. 279 et seq. 

2 Eyton's Antiquities, vol. xi, p. 95. 

K 2 



132 THE MYDDLETONS OF MYDDLETON. 

" Grenta", for withholding some right in Shipton St. 
Milbury, claimed by the Prior of Wenlock. 1 

This Grenta held Shipton (? Moore House), Larden, 
in 1110, and probably Linley and Middleton, Chirbury, 
at the beginning of the twelfth century. Roger, son 
of Grente, and Lenewine " filius Grenta", had held 
(tenuit) Linley before the passing of a deed whose 
date must have been between 1148 to 1155. 2 

Under Middleton Mr. Eyton remarks : 

" GKANTA DE MIDDLETON. He was living, as I shall 
show under Linley, between the years 1148 and 1154. 
His father's name was . Lenewine ; his grandfather's 
name was Grenta ; and he had an uncle, Roger fitz 
Grent. Descended from the above Granta de Middle- 
ton was another 

"GRANTA DE MIDDLETON. He occurs early in the 
thirteenth century in connection with Linley. . . . Next 
in succession I find 

"KOGER FITZ GKENT. The Chirbury Hundred Roll 
of 1255 records his tenure of Middleton as follows : 
' Two-thirds of Middletun, which Roger fitz Grant 
holds of the Barony of Longedun, owe sent to Chir- 
bury Hundred, and have to victual the Guards of 
Montgomery. . . . The death of Roger Grauntesone, as 
he is here called, is announced by King Edward's 
writ, dated Feb. llth, 1281. Philip, his son and heir, 
was sixteen years of age at Michaelmas 1280. 

"PHILIP DE MIDDLETON, the said heir, sat as second 
juror for the Chirbury Hundred at the Assizes of 1292. 
He also occurs on a local inquest of March 1301. In 
the Nomina Villarum of 1316 he stands alone as Lord 
of the Vill of Middleton." 3 

With the above important data and remarks, Mr. 
Eyton concludes his notice of the Norman Middletons 
or Grauntes. Supplemental to Mr. Eyton's notice of 
Philip (Grauntesone) de Middleton are the following : 

1 Eyton's Antiquities, vol. iii, p. 232. 

2 /&., vol. xi, p. 208. 

3 fb., vol. xi, pp. 87-8. 



THE MYDDLETONS OF MYDDLETON. 133 

17 Edward IT, 1323, Philip de Middleton witnesses 
the charter of privileges to the burgesses of Pool, 
granted by John de Cherleton, Lord of Powys. 1 In 
the same year, 1323, he had a grant of one acre of 
land in Montgomery from Baldwyn Fitz Philip le Gras 
of Montgomery 2 (Add. Charter 8080). 

1334 is the date of the marriage contract of his 
daughter with Ralph Leeke of Ludlow, 3 ancestor of 
the Leekes of Longford, Salop. 

In 1343 he swore fealty, at Montgomery Castle, to 
Edward the Black Prince as Lord of Montgomery. 

This Philip Graunte and his brother were evidently 
the first of the local family of Middleton who took the 
name of their patrimony as a surname. Therefore it 
will be seen that the following must refer to his 
younger brother, Robert of Montgomery. 

4th June 1296. Allowance made to Scotch prisoners 
detained in the Castle of Montgomery, in charge of 
" Robertus de Middletone, armiger", and three others. 4 

2 Edward III. 1328 is the date of a grant by 
George, son of Roger de Montgomery, of half an acre 
of land in Montgomery to Robert de Middleton. 5 

15 Edward III, 1341. The King to the Sheriff of 
Shropshire, greeting : Enjoining the arrest of sixteen 
of the inhabitants of Montgomery, to answer Robert 
de Middleton on a plea, " quare vi et armis"; they had 
cut down trees of the said Robert, lately growing in 
the town of Montgomery, and had fished in his ponds, 
and had taken and carried away fish and trees to the 
value of 20. 6 This Robert de Middleton we shall 
find to be the connecting link between the duly re- 
corded ancestry of the family given in Eyton and that 
given in Heralds' Visitations at a later period. As, in 
all probability, the line of his elder brother, Philip 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. vii, p. 335. 

2 Ib., vol. xxii, p. 5. 

3 Blakeway's Sheriffs of Shropshire, p. 229. 

4 /&., vol. x, p. 101. 
6 76., vol. xxii, p. 6. 

6 Mont. Coll., vol. xvi, pp. 103-4. 



134 THE MYDULETONS OF MYDDLETON. 

(Graunte) de Middleton, became, through his daughter, 
merged in the family of Leeke of Longford, Robert 
thus became the common parent of the Norman and 
Welsh lines of the Myddletons. The Welsh and 
English heralds are agreed as to his having had two 
sons, Philip and Alexander ; but they begin to differ 
as to the parentage of Cecily, granddaughter of Robert 
Middleton, the eventual heiress who conveyed Middle- 
ton, by marriage, to Ririd ap David ap y Pothan, the 
ancestor of the Welsh line. Lewys Dwnn, differing 
with himself, in one place gives Cecily as daughter 
and heiress of Philip ap Robert ; in another he repre- 
sents her as the daughter of Alexander Middleton, 
Knt., ap Robert Middleton (vol. ii, p. 290). The 
Salop visitation of the English heralds, in 1584, gives 
Cecily as daughter and heiress of "Alexander Middle- 
ton, miles" (son of) Robert Middleton, etc. For the 
following reasons the authority of Lewys Dwnn's last 
statement and that of the Salop heralds of 1584 is to 
be preferred. 

The pedigree of Myddleton, entered at the Salop 
visitation of 1584, is signed by a member of the 
family. Philip 1 is known to have had a son, Peter or 
Piers Middleton of Montgomery, who carried on the 
Norman line, and whose granddaughter, Margaret 
Myddleton, conveyed Marrington to the Lloyd family. 
Had Cecily been the daughter of Philip, she would 
not have been, having a brother with issue, an heiress. 
Therefore she must have been the daughter of an 
elder brother, who was doubtless Alexander. This 
Alexander de Middleton was probably identical with 
the King's Constable of Bishops Castle 2 in 1325. 

It is needless to tell genealogical experts that the 
early ancestry given to Philip and Robert de Middle- 
ton, granduncle and grandfather of the heiress Cecily, 
by both the Welsh and English heralds, is altogether 

1 Lewys Dwnn's Visitations (Montgomeryshire), Mont. Coll., re- 
print, p. 126. 

2 Eyton, vol. xi, p. 213. 



THE MYDDLETONS OF MYDDLETON. 



135 



at variance with that assigned to them, on unques- 
tionable authority, by Eyton. Combining his testi- 
mony above with that of the Salop visitations, we 
have 

Koger Grauntsone, or Roger Fitz-Qraunt, of Middleton, who occurs=f= 
from 1255 to 1281. 



T 



Philip de Middleton occurs from 1292 to 1343,=f= Eobert de Middleton,=p 



"Lord of Middleton" in 1316, in the parish of 
Chirbury, Salop. 



occurs from 1296 to 
1341. 



Daughter, =T=Kalph, son of Ralph Philip. 1= 
1334. | Leeke of Ludlow. 
V 

Leeke of Longford. 

Hugh de Bowdlers of Marring-=p 
ton, occurs 1374. 


j= Alexander (? Constable^ 
of Bishop's Castle 
in 1325). 


1 



Margaret Bowdlers, 

heiress of Marring- 

ton. 



ers,=pPiers Middleton of 


Cecily, =j=Ririd ap David ap y 


ig- Montgomery and 


heiress 


Pothan, 1374 to 


Harrington. 


of 


1392. 




Middle- 






ton. 




j=John Middleton of 


PI 


tilip Middleton of=p 


Marrington. 


Middleton. | 




V 



David Lloyd Vaughan^pMargaret Middleton, heiress 
(ap David Lloyd of | of Marrington, occurs 1489. 
Leigh ton), 1506-16. V Norman line. 

Lloyd of Marrington. 



Myddleton of Myd- 

dleton, of the Welsh 

line. 



The Norman line, we see, ended with Margaret 
Myddleton, sole heiress of John Myddleton of Marring- 
ton, Chirbury. " Gules, on a bend or, three lions 
passant, sable" were the arms of the Norman line, and 
are still to be seen over the vestry-door in Chirbury 
Church ; on the old carved stone sun-dial, dated 1595 ; 
and on an ancient shield of arms in cut stone over the 



Lewys Dvvnn, reprint, p. 126. 



136 



THE MYDDLETONS OF MYDDLETON. 



GENEALOGICAL KEY CHART of some of the Descendants of Eirid "Flaidd" 

" Visitations of Wales", vol. ii, pp. 94, 95, 



Gwrgene ab Collwyn o Benllyn Esgr'.^fa 

I 

j 
Ririd Vlaidd, Arglwydd Penllyn.=T=4 



Madog. = 



Iorwerth.= 



Griffiths 



leuan. =p 



Madog,= 

living 

33Edw. 

I. 



Griffith.^ 

I 



leuan. = 
ob. 
1370. 



leuan =p Owen.=r 
Vaugh- 
an. 



David.= Ivan.= 



Rhys.= 



Owen of 

Cefn 
Treflaeth. 



Pryse of Tref Brysg, 
Llanwchllyn. 



Gronwy.=r leuan. 



I I 

leuan Tudor. = Robin. =r 



Griffith. =F 



leuan Vaughan. 



T 



1 

leuan 
Vaugh- 
an. 

David.=f 


r Howe! 


I I 
1 =T leuan =r Howel. =F 

T?* T 


David. =F 




Llan 1 
Elwe - y Rhys. =j= 


1 
David=f= 
Lloid. 1 


1 
Mered 
ith. 

= 




1 
Robert.=j= 


1 
William. =p 


Howell = 
Vaugh- 
an of 
Glan- 
llyn. 


1 I 
David.= Rowland=f 
of Mytt- 
ryn yn 
Llyn. 1 


David Lloid=p 
of Llan- 
rhaiad'r yn 
Mochnant. 1 
V 


John Vaughan,=i=] 
Sheriff of 
Merioneth in 
1594. 


Dorothy, ux. Rhydd-=f 
Fohn Owen erch. 
Vaughan of 


Llwydiarth. | 
Cadwal'r=r 
of Llan- 
ycil, 
Bala. 
V 


1 
John Vaughan= 
of Glanllyn, 
1636. 


Howell Vaugh-p 
an. 1 



Edward Vaughan =f=Mary Purcell, 



of Glanllyn. 



co-h. of Llwy- 
diarth and 
Llangedwyn. 



Anna Josephine=Sir Watkin W. Wynn of 
Vaughan. Wyunstay, 1st Bart. 



THE MYDDLETONS OF MYDDLETON. 



137 



or "The Wolf", Lord of Penllyn, Merioneth. Collated from Lewys Dwnn's 
229, 232, 247, 249, 290, 334, 335, 338, 339. 



BLAIDD RHUDD o'r Gest yn Evionydd.=r 



Kynillin.- 



Cynvyn Hirdrev, Arglwydd Nevyn.=Haer. = Bleddyn ap Cynvyn. 



o=fGenorys, v. u. chyd acres. 



6=f=Gwenllian, v. Ednyved ab Cynwrig ab Rhiwallon. 



6=j=G 



WELSH LINE. 


Ririd. Vaughan.=f 
1 NORMAN LINE. 


i 
Pothan Flaidd.=p Robert Myddleton, occurs 129frf= 
I to 1341. | 


1 1 
David ap y Pot-=f Alexander Myddleton. Knt.,^ 
ban. 1325. | 


1 | 
Ririd. On a Bala Jury=pSisly. v. ag. uno aerese (p. 290), of 
in 1374. | Myddleton, Parish of Chirbury. 


Philip Myddleton.=p 


Ririd Myddleton.=p 
David Myddleton.nr 


Robert Myddleton.=f 


John Myddleton.=r 

] 
Edmund Myddleton. =f 


Roger Myddleton=p Fowke Myddleton.T= 
of Gwanynog. j j 


| i 


Philip Myd-=f Robert of Myd-y 
dleton. dleton, Chir- 
[ bury. | 


John Myddleton. -r Richard Myddleton -p 
1 1 


William Myddle-=p Sir Hugh Sir Thos. Myddleton,=p 
ton. Myddleton. Lord Mayor in 1613. 1 


George =j= Hugh Myddle-=f 
Myddle- ton. 
ton. 1 


1 1 
John of Gwany-=f= Sir Thos. Myddleton of Chirk=f 
nog. Castle, ob. 1666, aged 80. 


William. Eliza- Rowland Mydd-=f 
1598. beth. i>ton. [ 


1 1 


Peter Myddle-=jF 
ton. i 


Sir Thos. Myddleton.-r Richard Myddleton.-r- 
created Bart. 1660. | 3rd son. | 


1 1 1 


Rowland Myd-^F 
dleton. 1 


Sir Richard-r- Sir Thos.,-p Robert, ob. s. p. John.-p 
3rd Bart. | 2nd Bart. | | 


1 1 1 


Michael Myd-=p 
leton. | 


Sir William, Charlotte. Richard Myddleton.-p 
4th Bart. | 


1 1 1 
Maria =j=Hon.F. Charlotte ^Robert Bid- Richard 
Mydd- West. Myddleton. dulph of Myddleton, 
leton. 1 Ledbury. ob. s. p. 


Hugh Jones.=f Elizabeth Myddle- 
I ton. 


1 
Elizabeth=pHumph'y Sandford, Sheriff 
Jones. of Shropshire in 1787, of 


Richard F. West of=f R. Myddleton Biddulph of=p 
Ruthin Castle, j Chirk Castle. 1 



the Isle. 

| W.' Cornwallis West 

Isabella =rFolliot Sandford of the Isle of Ruthin Castle. 
Deuchars. j of Rossall, near Shrews- 
V bury. 



R. Myddleton Biddulph of 
Chirk Castle. 



138 THE MYDDLETONS OF MYDDLETON. 

porch entrance at Harrington Hall ; and were con- 
firmed as a Lloyd quartering at the Salop visitations 
of 1569, 1584, and 1623. 

THE WELSH LINE. 

Cecily Myddleton, the Norman heiress of the old 
patrimony of Myddleton, in the parish of Chirbury, 
married Eirid, a scion of the house of Penllyn. Philip, 
their eldest son, and heir to his mother's estate, took 
the name of Myddleton, and used her arms. Birid, a 
younger son, the ancestor of the Myddletons of Gwyn- 
anog, of Chirk and Ruthin Castles, retained the use 
of the paternal arms ascribed to Ririd Flaidd or " the 
Wolf". The latter, it is alleged, had a maternal 
descent from Richard, Earl of Avranches, through his 
son William, the brother of Hugh Lupus, Earl of 
Chester ; so that his name, as well as the lupine 
insignia of the coat-armour of his descendants " Vert, 
a chevron between three wolves' heads erased, argent" 
may possibly have arisen rather from this accident of 
his birth or connection, than from any predatory bent 
of character or disposition. 

W. Y. LL. 



139 



VLAIDD EHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

BY THE REV. G. SANDFORD, M.A. 



MANY of the genealogies of Powysland extend into a 
remote antiquity of two thousand years, and precede 
the gigantic oaks, which flourish in the domains of 
the chief families of Montgomeryshire. They deserve 
frequent mention in the pages of an Archaeological 
Society, which investigates the local records of by- 
gone ages. Truly has Gibbon written, in his auto- 
biography : " The knowledge of our own family from a 
remote period will always be esteemed an abstract 
pre-eminence, since it can never be promiscuously en- 
joyed." And Burke assures us, in his Landed Gentry, 
" that it would be difficult for either France or Ger- 
many to rival the claims to hereditary nobility of 
several of our untitled families." They exceed, in the 
lapse of centuries, the lines of Bourbon, or Rodolf of 
Hapsburg, and trace their descent through the Princes 
of Powysland to Rhodri Mawr, and through him to 
Cadwallader, the last of the Kings of Britain, who, 
being elevated to the supremacy, or the rank of Pen- 
dragon, contended bravely, but unsuccessfully, against 
the legions of the Roman invader, and died in the 
imperial city A.D. 688. 

Aikin, in his British Poets, remarks that the red 
dragon was the device of Cadwallader, " which all his 
descendants bear on their banners"; although some, 
perhaps, fail to exercise the privilege ; and Gray re- 
marks of Owen Gwynedd 

" Dauntless on his native sands, 
The dragon son of Mona stands ; 
In glittering arms of glory drest, 
High he rears his ruby crest." 



140 VLAIDD RHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

And Milman, in his epic poem of " Samor", writes 

" Oh, where the royal Brethren now ? the pride 
Serene of Emrys ? Where thy Dragon crest, 
Prince Uther?" 

And again 

" King Emrys led the centre : on the right 
Pendragon." 

The Poet Laureate, Southey, refers, in his poem of 
" Madoc", to the patriotic triumph of the Cymry in 
the memorable conflict at Berwyn with Henry II : 

" For Mona's dragon sons 
By wary patience baffled long his force, 
Winning slow famine to their aid." 

And Tennyson writes, in the "Last Tournament" 

" His strong hands gript, 
And dinted the gilt dragon, right and left." 

It is also worthy of notice, that Owen Glendower 
styled himself the Dragon, a name he assumed in 
imitation of Uthyr, father of Arthur, whose victories 
over the Saxons were said to be foretold by the 
appearance of a star, with a dragon beneath, which 
Uthyr used as his badge ; and on that account it 
became highly acceptable to the Welsh nation. 

" Bright on the dragon crest, 
It tells that glory's wing shall rest." 

(Hemans.) 

In the badges of Edward IV, the black dragon 
(Ulster) is visible. In the dexter of the supporters of 
Henry VII, the first king of the Tudor dynasty, we 
perceive a dragon gu., the ensign of Cadwallader ; and, 
shortly after the victory, which placed him on the 
throne of England, he proceeded to St. Paul's, where 
he offered three standards, one of which was a red 
fiery dragon, beaten upon white and green sarcenet, 
the livery colours of the House of Tudor. Among the 
badges most frequently displayed by Henry VIII was 
a red dragon. Edward VI had for his supporters 
the lion, and dragon, of his father. Queen Mary and 
Queen Elizabeth, retained in the sinister of their sup- 



VLAIDD KHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 141 

porters a dragon gules. The badge of the Earl of 
Pembroke is a dragon vert. A. dragon, with wings 
expanded gules, on a mount vert, is still the badge of 
the Principality of Wales ; and, in the Order of the 
Garter, from the collar descends the George, which is 
a representation of the patron saint of England on 
horseback, piercing the dragon with a lance. Thomas 
Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster A.D. 1322, appears on 
his seal, having a dragon with a contoise on his helm, 
and a similar monster on the head of his charger. 

We claim priority over our English neighbours in 
the use of the lion for our device in the three royal 
dynasties of Wales. 

The banner of England was once described as being 
emblazoned with three leopards courant ; but they 
were regarded as lions in the sixteenth century, if not 
earlier, as we gather from Shakespeare : 

" Either renew the fight, 
Or tear the lions out of England's coat." 

(First Part of Henry V, act i, sc. 5.) 

Bonaparte, in addressing his troops in the Pen- 
insula, referred contemptuously to the old banner of 
England : " The hideous presence of the leopard con- 
taminates the continent of Spain and Portugal." 1 

In the roll of Caerlaverock, which contains a list of 
all the nobles who laid siege to the castle of that 
place in 1 300, the banner of Edward I is described as 
being emblazoned with three leopards courant. 

The arms of Powys were, " Arg., a lion rampant 
within a bordure indented or." The Kynastons of 
Oteley, who claimed the barony of Powys, and were 
offshoots of the princely line of Powys, adopted on 
their shield the lion rampant sa. Their coat of Blethyn 
ap Cynfyn is called "Kynaston Welch", and the Middle- 
tons of Middleton, Chirbury, in the county of Salop, 
of the Norman line, obtained for their arms " G., on a 
bend or, three lions passant sa." 

1 Southejr's Peninsular War. 



142 VLATDD RHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

We also notice another ancient standard, which 
carries us back to the distant age, when wolves abounded 
in the land of the Cymry. The standard of the wolf 
has been borne by some chieftains of Powysland, while 
they occupied Pengwern, or Shrewsbury, before they 
retired within the western boundary of OfiVs Dyke, 
and prior to the division of Central Wales into the 
sections of Upper, and Lower, Powys. For instance, 
Vlaidd Rhudd, the Bloody Wolf, Lord of Gest, in the 
comrnot of Evionydd, in the cantref of Dinodig, lived 
in the eleventh century, and was the patriarch of a 
numerous and widespread family. His shield was 
sable, a wolf passant argent, although hereditary arms 
were seldom used by private families before the begin- 
ning of the thirteenth century. This banner was 
conspicuous in many a fierce encounter, and its absence 
was occasionally regretted in the crisis of battle, as we 
learn from Southey's " Madoc" : 

" Where are they ? 

Where are the noble brethren? Wolves of war, 
They kept their border well : they did their part : 
Their fame is full : their lot is praise and song." 

Hugh Lupus, first Earl of Chester, undoubtedly 
derived his appellation " De Loupe" from his device, 
which was a wolf's head. The crest of the wolf has 
not been frequently adopted, except when families, 
such as those of Talbot, Falconer, Lamb, and Wolf, 
have taken a crest derived from their respective names. 
It may be remarked, that the Earls of Dunraven, 
Dunraven Castle, Glamorganshire, have taken for their 
crest a "wolf's head couped at the neck". Griffith 
Wenwynwyn was styled " the Wolf of Plinlimmon, 
and the Tor'ch of Pengwern", and Edward IV pos- 
sessed, among his badges, a white wolf, and white 
lion (Mortimer). The Duke of Sutherland has for a 
crest a wolf passant arg., collared and lined or, for 
Gower. 

Penllyn was inscribed on the shield of Vlaidd Rhudd, 
as though he were possessed of land in that lordship 



VLAIDD RHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 143 

of Merionethshire. His line not unfrequently con- 
tracted intermarriages with the reigning family of 
Powys. The son of this chieftain was Cynillon ap y 
Vlaidd Rhudd, whose daughter and heiress, Haer, 
married first Cynfyn Hirdref, Lord of Nevyn, whose 
daughter and co-heiress married Gwrgeneu ap Collwyn 
ap Moreidigg ap Rhys ap Gwrystan, ap Llywarch ap 
Rhiwallon, ap Aradri, ap Mor ap Tegerin ap Aylan ap 
Gredyff ap Cynnws Ddu ap Cyllin Ynad ap Peredur 
Teirnoedd ap Meilir Eryr Gwyr y Gorsedd ap Ticho 
Tyvode ap Gwilfyn ap Marchudd ap Bran ap Pill ap 
Cerfyr ap Melifron ap Gwron ap Cunedda Wledig, 
King of Gwynedd, A.D. 330. 

Haer married, secondly, Blethyn ap Cynfyn, Prince 
of Powys from 1062 to 1072 A.D. His armorial bear- 
ings were 07% a lion rampant gules. His title to the 
dominion of Powys was irregularly derived in female 
succession from his great-grandmother, Angharad, 
whose uncle Einion, father of Tewdwr Mawr, was 
the lawful sovereign of South Wales and Powys. Her 
father, Meredith ap Owen, was, however, third in 
descent from Cadell, son of Rhodri Mawr. 

The son of Gwrgeneu ap Collwyn was Rhirid Vlaidd, 
Lord of Penllyn, Pennant Melangell, in whose church 
is the reputed tomb of St. Monaoell, who preserved a 
hare from the pursuit of Brochwel Ysgithrog, Prince 
of Powys, in the lordship of Mechairi Is y Coed Glyn, 
the eleven towns in the cantref of Trefryd, in Powys- 
land, and Evionydd, in Gwynedd. The arms ascribed 
to him were " Vert, a chevron inter three wolves' 
heads erased argent." He lived at a place called 
Neuaddan Gleision, in the township of Rhiwaedog, in 
the reign of Meredith ap Blethyn, 1072-1133 A.D. 
His descent was paternally from Cynedda Waledeg. 
He married Gwenllian, daughter of Ednyfed, Lord of 
Broughton, (his arms were " Ermine, a lion statant 
gules"), second son of Cynwrig ap Rhiwallon, Lord of 
Maelor Gymraeg. 

Some Welsh verses in reference to the shield of 



144 VLAIDD RHTJDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

Rhirid Vlaidd have been preserved, which may be 
thus translated : 

" I have a friendly Wolf, that stands by me to crush the insulting foe. 
It is not the forest Wolf, scattering the harmless flock, but the Wolf of 
the Field of Battle, though at other times he is mild and liberal. 1 ' 

The son of Khirid Vlaidd married his kinswoman, 
Eva, daughter of Philip Ddu ap Howel ap Meredith 
ap Blethyn ap Cynfyn. It is not necessary to men- 
tion each member of the family in the line of descent ; 
but there are some of the numerous progeny of the 
" Wolf of Penllyn", those, that our Welsh heralds 
have deemed it desirable to record in their visitations, 
notably, were the Vaughans of Glanllyn, in the parish 
of Llanuwchllyn, Merionethshire. John Vaughan of 
this line was Sheriff of that county in 1595. His sister, 
Dorothy, married a Montgomeryshire gentleman of the 
same name, but of a different family, viz., John Owen 
Vaughan of Llwydiarth, Sheriff in 1583. Edward 
Vaughan, grandson of John of Glanltyn, married Mary 
Purcell, heiress of Llwydiarth, and Llangedwyn. Their 
only daughter, and heiress, Anna Josephine, carried 
the combined properties of Glanllyn, Llwydiarth, and 
Llangedwyn to Sir Watkin W. Wynn, the first baronet 
of the distinguished house of Wynnstay. 

Living in those days, in the same parish of Llan- 
uwchllyn, were the Pryses of Tref Brysg. Jane, 
daughter of Edward Pryse, was the wife of Rowland 
Vaughan of Caergai, Sheriff of Merioneth in 1643, 
and was living in the 15th Charles II. 

Cognates, and collaterals, of the sept have had brief 
notice in the accompanying genealogical key-chart (see 
pp. 136-7) ; but we cannot omit the name of Ririd, who 
married Cecily, daughter and heiress of Sir Alexander, 
son of Robert Myddleton, Lord of Middleton, in the 
parish of Chirbury, Salop, which Alexander was pro- 
bably the King's Constable of Bishop's Castle in 1325. 
The descendants of this marriage adopted the surname 
of Myddleton ; and Philip and Rhirid were heads of 
distinct families, the issue of Philip being located at 



VLAIDD RHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 145 

Middleton, and the descendants of Rhirid being settled 
at Garthgynan, Gwanynog, and Chirk Castle, in the 
county of Denbigh. The great-grandson of Philip 
Middleton was Edmund, J.P. for Montgomeryshire, 
Constable of Montgomery Castle, 32 Henry VIII. 

The Middletons of Middleton are represented by 
Burke as extinct, but they still continue in the female 
line ; and the same remark will apply to their off- 
shoots of Gwanynog and Chirk Castle. 

Michael Middleton, who was quit-rated for Priest 
Weston, Chirbury, in 1680, married Frances, daughter 
of James Berkeley, Esq., of Clungunford. and a lineal 
descendant of John Berkeley, the ancestor of the Shrop- 
shire Berkeleys, and third son of Maurice Berkeley, 
second Baron Berkeley, who was constituted Justice of 
South Wales, and had the custody of all the castles there. 
He was styled by Edward III " the King's beloved 
kinsman", when he was made Steward of the Duchy 
of Aquitaine, on account of his descent from Isabel, 
widow of King John, and subsequently wife of Count 
de la Marche. 

Elizabeth, the daughter of Michael Middleton, 

" The solitary scion left 
Of a time-honoured race 

(Byron.) 

married Hugh Jones of Shrewsbury, son of the Mayor 
of that town at the proclamation of the first sovereign 
of the House of Hanover in 1714. Their daughter, 
Elizabeth, married Humphrey Sandford, Esq., of the 
Isle of Rossall, near Shrewsbury, Sheriff of Shropshire 
in 1787, and representative of a family, which pos- 
sesses an uninterrupted male descent from a Norman 
follower of the Conqueror. He died in 1791, and his 
son, and successor, Folliott, agreed with his eldest son, on 
whom the family estates were entailed, to sell Weston 
Parva, or Little Weston, in the township of Priest 
Weston, the last portion of the Middleton property in 
the parish of Chirbury, embracing 112 acres 3 roods, 
to Mr. George Haslewood of Middleton, for the sum of 

VOL. XXIV. L 



146 VLATDD RHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

2,950, in A.D. 1809. This branch of the Middletons 
is now represented by Humphrey Sandford, Esq., J.P., 
of the Isle, near Shrewsbury. But we will retrace 
our steps to Ririd Myddelton of Gwanynog, Denbigh- 
shire, and brother of the aforesaid Philip, whose son 
was Receiver-General of North Wales in the reign of 
Edward IV, and his grandson Richard was Governor 
of Denbigh Castle, temp. Edward VI. His great- 
grandson was ancestor of the Myddeltons of Chirk 
Castle, and of Hugh Myddelton, the projector of 
the New River, who was created a baronet in 
1622. 

The Myddeltons of Gwanynog contributed three 
families to the baronetage of England ; and in the 
male line were, in 1846, represented by the Rev. 
Robert Myddleton 1 of Gwanynog, Denbighshire. The 
most distinguished member of this branch of the Myd- 
delton family was Sir Thomas Myddleton, Knt., of 
Chirk Castle, who suffered severely during the Common- 
wealth. He first took up arms on the side of the 
Parliament, being at the time M.P. for the county ; 
was Major-General of the forces in North Wales ; and, 
with Sir William Brereton, in 1643, took the Castle 
of Holt. In 1644 he relieved Oswestry and defeated 
the King's forces in a sharp action at Montgomery, for 
which he received the thanks of the House. Four 
years afterwards he was one of the secluded members, 
and bound in a sum of 20,000 not to disturb the 
Government. In 1659 Sir Thomas declared too pre- 
cipitately for Charles II, when his castle was besieged 
by General Lambert, taken, and pillaged to the amount 
of 80,000. He died in 1666, leaving three sons, of 
whom the eldest was created a baronet. 

Charlotte, the daughter of the second baronet, married 
(1) Edward, Earl of Warwick, and (2) the Right Hon. 
Joseph Addison, Secretary of State and the distin- 
guished essayist. 

The baronetcy became extinct in 171 8 ; but Richard 
1 Leivys Dwnn, vol. ii, p. 338, n. 13. 



VLA1DD RHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 147 

Myddelton, Esq., of Chirk Castle, died unmarried in 
1 796, leaving his three sisters his co-heirs. 

Charlotte married in 1801 Robert Biddulph, Esq., 
of Ledbury, co. Hereford, who thereupon assumed the 
additional name and arms of Myddelton. 

Maria married the Hon. Frederick West, brother of 
Lord Delawarr, whose grandson, William Cornwallis 
West, M.P., is Lord- Lieutenant of Denbighshire, and 
his seat is Ruthin Castle. 

Harriet was the third. 

The inhabitants of Powys-land are far from being in- 
different to the power, and triumphs, of the empire of 
Britain " Ynys y Cedern", the Isle of the Mighty of 
which they form a part, and are intent on promoting 
its welfare, in which they share. But no lapse of 
time, or casualty of events, can cause forgetfulness of 
the struggle of their ancestors in defence of their 
national liberties in their romantic fatherland, before 
the invasion of Hengist and Horsa. 

So long as Plinlimmon rises in solitary grandeur, 
and the Severn and Wye flow from its copious foun- 
tains, they will retain an undying attachment, wherever 
their lot may be cast, to Western Britain. They 
delight to cherish the memories of the past 

" To lisp the fame of Arthur, to revere 
Great Caratach's unconquer'd soul" 

(Southey.) 

and to recall the throb of pride, and pleasure, which 
animated their sires in the minstrelsy of the Gorsedd. 

" A deathless brotherhood ! Cyveilioc there, 
Lord of the Hirlas, Llywarch there was seen, 
And old Cynddelw," 

Brydidd Maivr, or the great bard, who, like Tyrtaeus 
of old, and Meilei, and Gwalchmai, imparted their own 
military fervour to a warlike audience. They discern 
" the lyric torrent, strong and free", in the lays of 
Lewis Glyn Cothi, and recognise in the strains of 
Aneurin the enthusiastic spirit which animated the 
warriors of Powys-land on "the day of Llidom", 

L 2 



148 VLAIDD RHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

and "the field of Crogen", near Chirk, called ''The 
Pass of the Graves". 

The song of Corwen, and of " the Men of Harlech", 
has aroused the courage of our forefathers. 

" Their voices meet us in the breeze ; 

Their steps are in our plains ; 
Their names by old majestic trees 
Are whispered round the fanes." 

(Hermans.) 

The leading families of Powys-land can trace their 
descent far up "the course of time" to patriotic warriors, 
who obeyed a natural instinct in fighting for the pic- 
turesque land which gave them birth ; and they can 
indulge a fancy, like to that of the ancient Athenians, 
who wore, as ornaments, golden grasshoppers in their 
hair, in allusion to their pretensions of being, like 
those insects, an aboriginal race, in Western Britain. 

Memorials of past ages linger in their mansions, and 
domains. The hirlas horn, the metheglin cup, the 
silver vase, the bronze spear, the golden torque, the 
cinerary urn, the ancestral harp, the bardic song, the 
sky-blue mantle of the minstrel at the Gorsedd, and 
the sword, which he sheathed on the covenant stone, 
the blazonry of the old standards, the dragon, the 
lion gules, and the wolf, and the roll of the chieftains, 
who readily responded to their country's call in the 
crisis of political danger, the moated homestead in 
decay, the ivy-mantled tower, the carnedd on the 
solitary hill, and the Druids' ancient cromlech rivet 
their attention, and the pride of ancestry touches 
sensitive chords, which vibrate through the long- 
descended magnates of Central Wales. 

They cast a pensive glance on the large churchyard 
of Meifod, where reposes the dust of ancient states- 
men, and warriors, and are frequently induced to 

" Think through whom 
Their life-blood tracks its parent lake," 

(Byron.) 

as they visit this mausoleum of princes, or gaze on an 



VLAIDD RHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 149 

Abbot's seal, or the antiquated tiles, retaining the 
armorial bearings of the griffin or dragon. 

We have investigated the records of mediaeval ages, 
and our research has extended beyond the times of 
Hengist and Horsa to the inroads of the Caesars. We 
have heard the voice of antiquity confirming our im- 
pressions, and have found many green branches, and 
graceful leaves, of the feudal tree. The days of chivalry 
have left their traces among us. The standards, and 
badges, of past centuries arrest our thoughts. We can 
discern in the lineaments of the rising generation 

" A Tudor's fire, a Beaufort's 1 grace.'' 

(Gray.} 

We have derived from our review of past ages an 
increasing attachment, if possible, to the picturesque 
realm, which our ancestors loved, fortified, and guarded 
for many centuries against every foe. Our armorial 
bearings are treasured by the associations of primitive 
times, and resemble the aloe with its bloom of twice 
five hundred years. We can adopt the sentiment of 
the Scotch poet : 

" Crest of my sires ! whose blood it seal'd 

With glory in the strife of swords, 
Ne'er may the scroll that bears it yield 
Degenerate thoughts, or faithless words." 

(Campbell.) 

The Middletons of Middleton were located for cen- 
turies in the Shropshire Parish of Chirbury, where a 
castle formerly stood on the banks of the Severn, 
erected by Ethelfleda, Countess of Mercia, to repel the 
incursions of the Welsh invaders. 

But the affections, and sympathies, of the Middletons 
were bound up with the contiguous town and county of 
Montgomery. From age to age they were reckoned 
among the leading families of Powys-land, and took 

1 The Duke of Beaufort is descended from Sir Charles Somerset, 
who married Lady Elizabeth Herbert, heiress of the Earl of Hunt- 
ingdon, about A.D. 1500. 



150 VLAIDD RHUDD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

care to have their names enrolled in the Visitations of 
the Heralds, and availed themselves of every oppor- 
tunity of fulfilling their public duties, and sharing their 
pleasures with the aristocracy of Montgomeryshire. 

They were proud of their consanguinity or friendship 
with the Lloyds of Harrington, the Bowdlers of the 
Ridge, the Howells of Arwystli, the Vaughans of 
Rhosbryn-bwa, the Wynns of Broughton, arid the 
numerous offshoots of the ancient, and prolific, stem of 
Vlaidd Rhudd, Lord of Penllyn. 

Far from entertaining a particle of envy for their 
prosperous kinsmen, who boasted of their Norman 
descent, they had no loftier aspiration, and entertained 
no heartier wish, than to be identified with the 
Cambrian Line of the Middletons of Middleton, who 
had been repeatedly Constables of Montgomery Castle, 
justices of the peace, and landed proprietors through 
several centuries. 

G. S. 



151 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE RECORDS. 



THERE are at the Record Office twenty or more large 
folio volumes arranged under place-names in alpha- 
betical order, also cross-references of names of persons 
relating to actions for trespass and ejectment from lands 
in England and Wales. Those relating to England 
commence in King John's time (circa 1200 A.D.); those 
relating to Wales, in the reign of Henry VIII. 

These volumes are merely an Index. The reference 
at foot of each suit indicates the Regnal year, 
the Sovereign, the Term, and the membrane of the 
Roll on which the details of the dispute are set 
ut. It goes without saying that there is a vast mass 
of information hidden on the Rolls relating to titles to 
property, genealogical references, and other subjects, 
possibly of considerable interest to members of the 
Powys-land Club. As all readers will not be interested 
in each case, a mere reference will be sufficient to in- 
dicate to any person who may desire to pursue inquiries 
in respect to any particular case, where further inform- 
ation thereupon may be obtained. 

I append an instalment, proposing to continue the 
list as space may be spared for the purpose. 

E. ROWLEY MORRIS. 



ENROLMENT OF EXCHEQUER PLEAS. 

Alberbury. 

Thomas Leaver v. Thomas Longsden ; a plea of trespass and eject- 
ment of farm. (4 Will, and Mary, 1st April.) 

Aberbechan. 

Sir Percy Herbert v. Rees Williams ; for trespass on his close 
called " Peu yr orhyn" there. (5 Ch. I, Easter, m. 33.) 



152 MONTGOMERYSHIRE RECORDS. 

Aberhafesp. 

David ap Win. Hampton v. Jonetta, verch David, and Watkin Lewis, 
for trespass on his closes there called " Erow yr Lloyn", " Kefen 
Wern dy", and depasturing cattle, etc. 

(22 Jas. I, East., m. 50.) 
Aberh Aley. 

Richard Price, Crown farmer of the township of Pennal (Merioneth), 
against David Blayney, Clerk, for forcibly entering his close 
there, depasturing cattle, cutting down trees, etc. 

(37 Eliz., Hil., m. 15.) 
A berhafesp. 

Edward Price v. David ap Meredith, for forcibly entering his close 
called " Kay yn y pant", and another close called " Grow bach", 
there, depasturing cattle, etc. (41-42 Eliz., Mich., m. 33</.) 

Aberbury Coidvahin. 
John Brayne v. Edward Dexos, for rent of messuage there. 

(24 Car. II, Mich., m. 14.) 
A berhafesp. 

John Frances v. Richard Johnson ; ejectment from lands there and 
in Tregynon demised to him by John Blayney, 12 Jan., 15 
Jac. I, for three years. (16 Jac. I, Mich., m. 47.) 

Aberhafespe. 

Matthew Pryce, Gent., v. George Bromhall, for trespass on lands and 
house there, to wit, on a messuage called " Y-ty yn-y Kay Coze". 1 

(8 Jac. I, Hil., m. 42cZ.) 
Aberhafespe. 

John Thomas v. David ap Meredith, for forcibly entering his closes 
there, called "Gwirglodd Thorn's", also a pasture called "Tho'ulde 
Seavorne", and another called " Dole Vraythin Aberhafespe", 
depasturing cattle thereon, etc. (42 Eliz., East., m. I8d.) 

Ackley. 

Edward Price obtains a judgment by confession against Edward 
Purcell and others for trespass on his close called " Y borfa yn 
y cwm", and another called " the close Rhydygroes". 

(17 Car. I, Trin., m. 2Qd.) 
Ackley. 

Morgan Lloyd v. Eichard Jones, for trespass and ejectment from 
lands demised to plaintiff by Win. Hurstowe (?), D.D., for three 
years. (Trin., 1659, m. 15.) 

Ackley. 

John Davies and Susanna his wife obtain a verdict against Matthew 
and George ap William for trespass on his closes and house 
called "Llettyworgloth" there. 

(4 Car. I, Trin., m. 30 ; see also 3 Car. I, Mich., m. 22o?.) 

1 This " z" is a symbol commonly used to represent " ch". 






MONTGOMERYSHIRE RECORDS. 153 

Ackley. 

Edward Price complains by bill against Oliver ap Richard and Rees 
Thomas, of having trespassed on his closes there, to wit, on land 
lying in a common field called " the Grostith", in Ackley. [En- 
rolment unfinished.] 
(12 Jac. I, Mich., m. 28 ; see also 13 Jac. I, Trin., m. 66-66d.) 

Ackley. 

Thomas Purcell complains by bill against Oliver ap Richard ; tres- 
pass upon his close at Ackley in a place called " Borfa ucha", 
and in another place called " Close Hugh Bedoe". 

(3 Jac. I, Hil., m. 45cZ.) 

Ackley. 

William Salter v. John Edwards; a plea of trespass by Bill, and 
ejectment of farm ; five messuages and lauds involved ; plaintiff 
obtained a judgment. (8 Will. Ill, Mich., m. 2Qd.) 

Ackley. 

Thomas Price v. Rosamund Price ; complains for an ejectment of 
farm from messuages and laud there, demised to him by John 
Price, 2 May, 32 Car. II, for seven years. Verdict and judgment 
for defendant. (32-33 Car. II, Hil., m. 75.) 

Acldey and Gonley. 

William Lyster, unus Hostiar Scaccarii, v. Edward ap R. ap Morys 
Richard ap Richard ap R. and Owen ap Mathew, for forcibly 
entering and ejecting him from certain premises, namely, two 
messuages and lands demised to him by Richard Purcell, Esq., 
and Thomas Purcell, 15 Oct., 21 Eliz., for four years. 

(21-22 Eliz., Mich., m. 18.) 

Same v. same. (22 Eliz., Trin., m. 28.) 

Ackley. 

John Davies v. Matthew and George ap William ; trespass on his 
closes and houses called " Sletty worgloth" there. 

(3 Ch. I, Mich., m. 22(7.) 
Ackley. 

Bridget Fonlkes, widow, complains by bill against Dd. Evans of 
having entered her house at . . . . , and seized some of her 
property. (1 Anne, Hil., m. 13.) 

Alberbury, Parish of. 

Richard Asterley was sued on a plea of trespass by Richard Cureton 
for driving his cattle over certain lands belonging to the latter, 
over which Asterley claimed a right of way, to take his cattle to 
depasture on Bausley Hill. Referred to a jury. 

(16-17 Geo. II, Trin., ms. 12, 12</, and 13.) 



154 MONTGOMERYSHIRE RECORDS. 

Alberbury. 
Richard Roe v. Sir Edward Leighton, Bart.; a plea of trespass and 

ejectment on lands demised to plaintiff by John Kynaston, Esq., 

and Robert Pigott and Diana his wife. 

(2-3 Geo. IT, Trin., m. 6, Qd.) 
Rowland Heyward v. Owen ap David ; Hencone, Montgomery. 

(See vol. i, folio 75.) 
Richard ap David Llewelyn v. Dether, etc.; Montgomery. 

(Ibid.,f. 76.) 

Hugh ap Edward v. Llys Vachan, etc.; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 

Andrew Vavasour v. leu'n ap Edward ; Nevvtown, Montgomery. (Ibid.) 
Ap Edwards de Owested, Evanus, v. Kylcome ; Montgomery (Ibid.) 
Ap Hugh, and Hoell, Cadwalader, dfts., Elizeus Penkard, plf., v. 

Methlynton, etc.; Montgomery. (Ibid., f. 78.) 

Ap Hovvell ap Gytton, John, dft., William Bright, etc., plf., v. 

Dregannole ; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 

Ap Ho well, Edward, etc., v. Gwerne Hescope ; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 
Ap John, Thomas, v. Trascoyde ; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 

Ap John ap Meredith, David ap Jevan, dft., George Ireland, etc., 

plf., v. Manavon ; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 

Ap Jevan, David, etc., dft., Richard Herbert, plf., v. Rywargour; 

Montgomery. (Ibid.) 

Ap John Cad'r, Robert and Anthony, dfts., John Lewys, etc., plfs., v. 

Congrog, etc. ; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 

Ap John Bedo, Richard, v. Bettos, etc.; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 

Ap Jev'n, D'd Lloid, etc., dft., Edward Harbert, junr., etc., plf., v. 

Moughtrey ; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 

Ap Medd., Hoellus ap Thomas, dft., Jocosa and Maria ap Olyver ap 

Thomas, etc., plfs., v. Aston ; Montgomery. (Ibid., f. 83.) 

Ap Morris, Rees, complains by bill against Howel ap Jevan ap Lewis 

and others of having trespassed upon his closes called 

" gwyrgloth y lleyne", "Yr wrglodd vawre", Maes Aberfechan, 

at Llanllochayrne, and another close called " Cay-y-Frith", at 

Bettws [enrolment unfinished]. (14 Jac. I, Trin., m. 3Qd.) (Ibid.) 
Ap Morris de Llannythian, Oliver, dft., William Bright, plf., v. Kil- 

cowen ; Montgomery. (Vol. i, folio 84.) 

Ap Owen, Humphrey, v. Llandrinio. (Ibid.) 

Ap Olyver, Lewis, v. Congrogg. (Ibid.) 

Ap Olyver, Edward, v. Llandrinio. (Ibid.) 

Ap Richard, Hugh, v. Pole. (Ibid., f. 85.) 

Ap Robert, Jevan, etc., etc., dfts., John Lewys, etc., plfs., v. Trows- 

cowd; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 

Ap Rolande, Morris, etc., dfts., Thomas Weber, etc., plfs., v. Ucheldre ; 

Montgomery (Ibid.) 

Ap Rs., John de Bodindoll, v. Llys Vachan, etc.; Montgomery. 

(Ibid., f. 87.) 
Ap R., Dacken, etc., Owen, dfts., Andrew' Vavasour, etc., plfs., v. 

Kylcome ; Montgomery. (Ibid.) 






MONTGOMERYSHIRE RECORDS. 155 

Ap Richard, Morris, etc., dfts., Gabriel Levesey, etc., plfs., v. Bettws. 

(Ibid., f. 86.) 

Ap Richard, Oliver, etc., dfts., Richard Pursell, plf., v. Forden. (f. 87.) 

Ap Richard ap Hugh, Morris, complains by bill against Hugh ap 
Jevau and Elena his wife, and Morris ap Richard ap Jevau ap 
Owen, of having at Vaynor Issa taken away certain wood in a 
place there called " Y Vron Kitter", also having trespassed upon 
his close called " Kaye-y-Shetting", at Berriew. 

(4 Jac. I, East., m. 33.) 

Ap Thomas, John ; judgment given against him (late of Rhiwargor) 
at the instance of Owen Vaughan. (4 Jac. I, Trin., m. 31.) 

Arrowsmith, Thomas, etc., plfs., v. Humphrey Reignolds and John 
Goughe, dfts., v. " Dether" ; Montgomery. (Vol. i, f. 99.) 

Ashley, William and Richard Howie, etc., dfts., Lawrence Becke, etc., 
plfs., v. Maes Maure. (Ibid., f. 103.) 

Aston. 

Jocosa ap Oly ver ap Thomas and Maria ap Olyver ap Thomas complain 
against Howell ap Thomas ap Me'dd for forcibly entering their 
close there, and depasturing cattle thereon. 

(8-9 Eliz., Mich., in. 12.) 
Aston. 

Sazanna, Lady Bourchier, complains by bill against John Peers of 
having trespassed upon her close there called " Broi-y-person". 

(8 Jac. I, Hil., m. 43.) 
Aberhavesrae. 

Margareta, verch David, complains by bill against Rees David ap 
Morris of having trespassed on her closes there called "Gwer 
Lloyd Caddogau duye" and " Y Gwerne gaye" and " Kay yr 
fyryad". (7 Jac. I, East, m. 37d.) 

Bacheldre. 

Richard Beamond complains by bill against Reginald Clarke for 
having trespassed upon his (plaintiff's) closes called " Little 
Meadow" and Oxleasow at Bacheldre. 

(8 Jac. I., East., m. 30 ; again enrolled on 35d ; 

again enrolled on 36d.) 
Bachetrey. 

John Shrawley and Margareta his wife complain by bill against 
Elianora Maddocks, widow, of a breach of covenant. 

(5 Jac. I, Trin., ms. 88, SSd, 89.) 
Bacheldre. 

Hugh Sheynton complains by bill against David Gwynne, alias 

Wynn, and another, of having forcibly entered his house there 

and assaulted his wife. (12 Jac. I, Mich., m. 33, 33c/.) 

[The defendants plead being servants of Thomas Purcell, who 

is seized in demesne " as of fee" of and in the manor of Over- 



156 MONTGOMERYSHIRE -RECORDS. 

gorther (Montg.); that the plaintiff, living within the precincts 
of the view of Frank Pledge of the said manor, had been 
amerced, and that they had merely levied the amerciament. 
Referred to a jury.] 

Same v. same. [Enrolment unfinished.] (11 Jac. I, Mich., m. 9.) 

Bachedre. 

Robert Canck complains by bill against Humphrey Gyttins of having 
trespassed on his close and house. [A jury empanelled.] 

(13 Jac. I, Trin., m. 68.) 
Bacheldre. 

Richard Beaumont complains by bill against Matthew ap John ap 
Jevan of having trespassed upon his close at Bacheldre. 

(5 Jac. I, Mich., m. 28.) 
Bahathlon. 

Edward Fox, Crown farmer of divers lands in, complains against 
Thomas ap John and others for trespass. (38 Eliz., Hil., m. '23d.) 

Ballesley. 

Thomas Leighton complains against Thomas ap Jevan ap Ll'en for 
forcibly entering his close and house, and depasturing cattle 
thereon. (37 Eliz., Hil., m. 15.) 

Bauseley. 
Richard Baker against Richard Phillips ; a plea of trespass. 

(12 Jac. I, Trin., m. 13-13d.) 
Balsley 
Thomas Heyward v. Robert Waters, for trespass and ejectment. 

(Trinity, 1659, m. 29.) 
Baulisley. 

William Okeley complains by bill against Robert, Daniell, and Eliza- 
beth Noblett for having ejected him out of some land demised 
to complainant for a term of years by Robert Leighton. 

(11 Jac. I, Mich., m. 68-68d.) 

Barraker, William, etc., plf., versus Margaret Gwynne and others, dfts. 
Vide Treegloys (Montg.). 

Baulsley, otherwise Bawseley, otherwise Ballesley, with the appur- 
tenances demised respectively by William Leighton and Thomas 
Edwards, 10 Anne, to Thomas Mainwaring, together with 20 
messuages, 500 acres of land, etc., etc., with the appurtenances 
in Baulsley and otherwise, etc., aforesaid. The lessee complains 
by bill against Sir Edward Leighton, Bart., and others, of a plea 
of trespass and ejectment of farm, and obtains a verdict and 
judgment against them. 

(Vol. ii, fo. 38, 11 Anne, Hil.,m. 2-2d ; see also 2 Geo. I, 
Triu., m. 8-8d; and 3 Geo. I, Hil., m. 5-5d.) 



MONTGOMEUYSHIKE RECORDS. 157 

Baulsley, otherwise Baulsley Wood. 

John Pritchard obtains a partial verdict and judgment against 
Robert Noblett and Roger Bowen for ejectment from lands 
there demised to plaintiff by Thomas Webley, 19 Sept., 8 Car. I, 
for three years. 

(10 Car. I, East., m. 42; see also 10 Car. I, Mich., 61, 

and 10 Car. I, Mich., Glrf.) 
Bawlisley. 

Francis Fawkener v. John Williams, Robert Waters, and Thomas 

Evans for ejectment from lands demised to plaintitf by Richard 

Baker. (16 Jac. I, Hil., m. 32.) 

Bedo, Richard ap John. Vide Bettos. (Vol. ii, f. 93.) 

Beryewe 

One messuage with lands lying in Kevengernva, demised by Margaret, 
verck Cadwallader and David ap Morice, 3 July, 44 Eliz., to 
Richard ap Howell ap David, who complain by bill against 
Edward Baxter and Ann his wife of a plea of trespass and 
ejectment. A day of imparlance granted. 

(3 Jac. 1, Triu., ms. 47, 48 ; see also 3 Jac. I, Mich., m. 52.) 

Beriewe. 

Edward Price, Crown farmer of one water-mill in Beriewe, complains 
against Owen ap Rees ap Owen for forcibly entering his close 
there called Llandire. (41 Eliz., Trin., m. 62d.) 

Beroiv. 

David Lloyd, Crown farmer of the forest of Freath Pennowr, com- 
plains against Richard Price for forcibly entering his close and 
house, and there depasturing cattle thereon. 

(42-43 Eliz., Mich., m. I5d.) 
Beriow. 

Arthur Price v. Howell Moris for trespass on his close called Pant- 
y-Pastor there, depasturing cattle thereon. 

(7 Car. I, Trin., m. 30.) 
Beroive, Rectory of, Montgomery. (Vol. ii, f. 111.) 

Berew. 
Griffinus Owen, Clr., Vicarius de. (8 Jac. I, Mich., m. 38<Z.) 

Beriew, Parish of. 

John Thomas complains by bill against Thomas Foulkes the elder, 
and two other defendants, of a plea of trespass in having 
broke and entered his closes and prostrated the hedges, etc. 
In the plea the defendants say that before the enclosure there 
the lands in question from time immemorial were parcel of a 
waste called Keelcochwyn common ; that the said closes had 
been enclosed within twenty years. Defendants further said 
that Thomas Foulkes was seized of a certain messuage in his 



158 MONTGOMEEYSHIRE RECORDS. 

demesne as of fee, and in right thereof from time immemorial 
has had common of pasture upon the said waste; that, in conse- 
quence of plaintiff's enclosure, being unable to enjoy this common 
of pasture in so ample and beneficial manner as he was entitled, 
he had, with the assistance of the two other defendants as his 
servants, prostrated the hedges, etc., of the plaintiff's enclosui'es. 
Plaintiff replied, stating that the lands were not parcel of the 
said common. Partial verdict for plaintiff, and that the lands 
were not inclosed or divided from the above waste; judg- 
ment against defendants. 

(10-11 Geo. II, Trin.,ms. 14, Ud, 15, I5d, 16, 16d) 

Bergedinge. 

Thomas Evans against Humphrey Davies and others, for forcibly 
ejecting him from his farm with the appurtenances there, which 
one Humphrey Richards, 13 April 1654, demised to him for a 
term of years ; verdict and judgment for plaintiff. 

(1654, Trin., ms. 49J, 48d.) 

Berriew, Parish of. 

One messuage with lands and appurtenances in Brithdir there, 
demised by Thomas Biggs, 10 Nov., 3 Will. Ill, to William 
Lee, who complains by bill against Richard Hains, of a plea 
of trespass and ejectment of farm, and obtains judgment against 
him. (10 Will. Ill, Mich., m. 36.) 

Bergadinge. 

William Herbert against Richard ap Richard and Richard ap Roger 
Fowke for trespass on a close there. The pleadings dispute the 
locality of the grounds trespassed upon. 

(17 Jac. I, Trin., ms. 68, Q8d, 69, 



159 



PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLANTDLOES. 

(Supplemental Paper to "Mont. Coll.", Vol. via, p. 248.) 



MAYORS OF LLANIDLOES. 

IN Mr. Edward Hamer's valuable History of the Parish 
of Llanidloes, he, availing himself of the researches of 
the Rev. W. Valentine Lloyd, M.A., F.R.G.S., one of 
the Secretaries of the Powys-land Club, printed on 
pp. 241-244 of vol. viii, Mont. Collections, a list of 
gentlemen who had served the office of Mayor under 
the old charters of the borough of Llanidloes. 

Unfortunately, the Rev. W. Valentine Lloyd has not 
hitherto had leisure to proceed with his examination of 
the Gaol Files of Montgomeryshire, and so continue his 
most valuable extracts. 

The writer, two or three years ago, had an oppor- 
tunity of examining the whole series of Gaol Files 
relating to Montgomeryshire, and he made many ex- 
tracts therefrom among them, so far as the Records 
permitted, a list of the names of those gentlemen 
who filled the office of Mayor for the borough of Llan- 
idloes down to 1830, when the Gaol Files were dis- 
continued ; the Great Sessions having then been 
abolished. Believing that a continuation of the list 
from the point where the Rev. W. V. Lloyd ended 
would be of interest to the members of the Powys-land 
Club, the writer has appended the names of those gen- 
tlemen who filled the office so far as they are recorded 1 
upon the Gaol Files. When the writer expressed his 
intention of examining the whole series, the superin- 
tendent of the Literary Search Room at the Record 
Office very kindly undertook to have each File examined 

1 In those cases where the year is not referred to the Gaol File is 
either missing or the name is not decipherable, as these Records have 
suffered much from neglect and damp. 



160 PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLANIDLOES. 

and arranged in its proper place in order of date ; this 
was done, and a key to each reign was given to the 
writer, which he proposes to transcribe and print 
later, as, by referring to the key, any Gaol File for any 
reign can be obtained with the greatest ease and 

t> " 

without delay the latter a consideration of no little 
importance when it is remembered that a searcher has 
to condense his day's work within the space of five 
hours, or at most five hours and a half. 

The effect of the examination arid classification by 
the authorities is, that the writer found a few addi- 
tional names of Mayors during the period examined by 
the Rev. W. Valentine Lloyd, and as they will make 
the latter gentleman's list more perfect, he, the writer, 
appends them before his own list. It may be men- 
tioned here that there are upwards of 30,000 documents 
preserved in the series of Gaol Files relating to Mont- 
gomeryshire, and every one of these documents con- 
tains one or more facts of historical interest to 
Montgomeryshire men. 

E. ROWLEY MORRIS. 



ELIZABETH. 

Anno 4 1561-2 Jenkyn ap Jenij ap Phillipe. 
,, 6 1563-4 John Gwynne. 
T2 1569-70 Owen Gwyn. 

14 1571-2 Morris ap Ll'en Bedo. 

18 1575-6 Jevanni ap Owen ap .... (?). 

22 1579-80 David Lloyd ap M'dedd. 

23 ,1580-1 Ludovicus G\\yn. 
30 1587-8 Ludovico Gwyn. 

i em o \ Lewys Gwyn, 
4 L ' 2 { Edward Lloyd 31 July. 

CHARLES I. 
Anno 4 1628-9 Evan Glynne. 

5 1629-30 The Mayors of Llanidloes, Machynlleth, and 

Caersws omitted, apparently intentionally. 
6 1630-1 James Lloyd also Mayor of Caersws. 
7 1631-2 James Lloyd also ,. 

,,10 1634-5 William George. 
12 1636-7 Evan Morgan Glyn 
,15 1639-40 William Russell. 



PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLAN1DLOES. 161 

CHARLES II. 



Anno 1 


1649-50 


David Lewes ap Jenij Lloyd. 




,, 7 


1655-6 


John Kynsey. 




9 


1657-8 


Ma ....(? Matthews) 








(l-22Ch. II, Gaol 


File, No. 5.) 


13 


1661-2 


Evan Morris ( , ,, 


No. 8.) 


i* 


1662-3 


Jenkyn Lewis ( , 


No. 13.) 


15 


1663-4 


Thomas Davies ( , 


No. 9.) 


(N.B. 


John Lewis, in Mr. Lloyd's list is on No. 12 


for same year.) 


(John Thomas ,, , No. 11 ) 


16 


1664-5 


John Jones. 




17 


1665-6 


Richard Ingram. 




18 


1666-7 


Thomas Harper. 




19 


1667-8 


Thomas Harper. 




, 20 


1668-9 


(?) Mathewe. 




, 21 


1669-70 


John Kynsey. 




, 22 


1670-1 


David Thomas. 




, 23 


1071-2 


(Missing.) 




, 24 


1672-3 


Richard Humphreys. 




, 25 


1673-4 


Richard Humphreys. 




, 26 


1674-5 


Robert Jones. 




27 


1675-6 


Thomas Harper. 




, 28 


1676-7 


Richard Lewis. 




29 


1677-8 


Richard Lewis. 




30 


1678-9 


John Powell. 




31 


1679 80 


Evan David. 




32 


1680-1 


Evan David 




33 


1681-2 


Francis Herbert. 




34 


1682-3 


Francis Herbert. 




35 


1683-4 


Lewis Davies. 




36 


1684-5 


(?) Davies. 




37 } 




JAMES II. 




Anno 1 ) 


1685-6 


Evan Bowen. 




2 


1686-7 


Morgan Humphreys. 




3 


1687-8 


Robert Evans. 




4 


1688-9 


Robert Evans. 








WILLIAM AND MARY. 




Anno 1 


1689-90 


Lewis Davies. 




2 


1690-1 


[No name inserted, but probably 


Lewis Davies, 




as he was Mayor until September this year.] 


3 


1691-2 


Lewis Davies. 







1692-3 


Richard Bennett. 




5 


1693-4 


William Davies. 




VOL. 


XXIV. 




M 



162 



PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLANIDLOES. 



Anno 6 



10 

,. 11 
12 
. 13 



Anno 1 

2 



, 5 

, 6 
, 7 
, 8 
, 9 
, 10 

> 11 
, 12 

, 13 



WILLIAM III. 

1694-5 Richard Lewis. 

1695-6 Richard Lewis. 

1696-7 Eobert Evans. 

1697-8 Robert Evans. 

1698-9 John Harper. 
1699-1700 Pryce Clnnne. 

1700-1 Pryce Clunne. 

1701-2 Pryce Clunne. 



1702-3 
1703-4 
1704-5 
1705-6 

1706-7 

1707-8 

1708-9 

1709-10 

1710-1 

1711-2 

1712-3 

1713-14 

1714-5 



ANNE. 

Francis Herbert. 
(Evan Glynne 
I Richard Lewis 
John Evans. 
Jenkin Lloyd 
Lewis Williams. 
Lewis Williams. 
Edward Davies. 
Evan Davies. 
Francis Herbert. 
Francis Herbert. 
Robert Ingram. 
Eobert Ingram. 1 
Morgan Edwards. 
Morgan Edwards. (8th March to 1st Aug. 1714.) 



1 Robert Ingram was re-elected Mayor this year, but he refused 
to serve, and was fined by one of her Majesty's Justices 5, which 
he declined to pay. 

The sequel to this contumacy on the part of the Mayor-elect is set 
forth in Gaol File, No. 20, anno 11 Anne, in the following terms: 

"EXAMINATIONS taken at Welshpool 22 March 1713, before the 
Right Honourable Sir Joseph Jekyll, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of 
Chester, Flint, Denbigh, and Montgomery, touching several assaults 
committed by Robert Ingram, Esq., one of Her Majesty's Justices of 
the Peace of the said county of Montgomery, upon the bodies of 
John Evans, High Constable of the Hundred of Llanidloes, in the 
execution of his office, and John Price, Constable, who was com- 
manded by the said John Evans to aid and assist him in doing his 
duty. 

" The said John Price, sworn, deposed that about Christmas then 
last past, the said John Evans had a warrant of one of Her Majesty's 
Justices of the Peace of the said county of Montgomery, to levy a 
fine of 5 of the aforesaid Robert Ingram for not executing the office 
of Mayor of the said towne of Llanidloes. 

" Examinant was by the said John Evans, as aforesaid, commanded 




PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLANIDLOES. 163 

GEORGE 1. 

1714-5 Morgan Edwards. 

1715-6 Morgan Edwards. 

1716-7 John Evans. 

4 1717-8 A. Breese. 

5 1718-9 Andrew Breese. 

6 1719-20 John Pugh. 

7 1720-1 John Pugh. 

8 1721-2 Francis Herbert. 

9 1722-3 Richard Jenkin. 
10 1723-4 Richard Jenkin. 



to aid him and assist him in the execution of the said warrant, 
which examinant readily obeyed, and then the said John Evans went 
to the said Robert Ingram, and acquainted him with the contents of 
the said warrant, whereupon the said Robert Ingram took the said 
John Evans furiously by the shoulder and shaked him, swearing and 
cursing at him and this examinant, and said that he would kill and 
hang them, with innumerable reproachful words, insomuch that the 
warrant was not executed. 

" Examinant further said that, some time after the assault afore- 
said, he, the said Robert Ingram, met with examinant in the street 
in the town of Llanidloes, and, without any manner of provocation 
given him by deponent, caused another constable to take and seize 
him (examinant), and there confined him for several hours, until the 
said Robert Ingram drew a commitment to send examinant to Poole, 
which necessitated examinant to procure bail for his appearance at 
the Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the said county, which hap- 
pened to be held at Llanfyllyn, about sixteen miles from this exam- 
inant's abode, where he was forced to attend. 

" No prosecution at all was taken against examinant, and the 
expense and loss of time was great, deponent being a poor weaver 
by trade, having a wife and four small children, and no other way to 
maintain them but by his hand labour. 

" He further said, that the several times whenever he met the said 
Robert Ingram, he perpetually threatened him how violently he 
would use him, calling him thief and rogue, and swearing vehemently 
at him, insomuch that he could not with safety go about hiss duty as 
constable, or follow his lawful employment, the said Robert Ingram 
frequently expressing himself to examinant ' that he contemned the 
power of any Justice of the Peace whatever : that they had no power 
over him.' 

" Jurat " The mark X of 

" Coram J. JEKYLL. JOHN PRICE." 

At the following Great Sessions, held at Llanfyllyn on the 29th 
Sept. 1712, Robert Ingram was indicted for the above offences, but 
the Bill was "Ignored". 

M 2 



JG4 



PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLANIDLOES. 



Anno 11 1724-5 Richard Jenkin. 
12 1725-6 John Mason. 
13 1726-7 John Mason. 



Anno 1 

2 
3 
>> 4 


1727-8 
1728-9 
1729-30 
1730-1 


GEORGE II. 

John Mason. 
Moses Howell. 
Moses Howell. 
James Evans. 


5) " 


1731-2 


John Mason. 


> 6 


1732-3 


John Lloyd. 


7 


1733-4 


Richard Jen kin. 


8 


1734-5 


John Mason. 


9 


1735-6 


John Mason. 


10 


1736-7 


John Wilson. 


* * 


1737-8 


John Wilson. 


, 12 


1738-9 


Thomas Clunnc. 




, 13 


1739-40 


Richard George. 




, 14 


1740-1 


Moses Howell. 




, 15 


1741-2 


John Mason. 




, 16 


1742-3 


Richard George. 




, 17 


1743-4 


Edward Phillips. 




, 18 


1744-5 


Maurice Stephens. 




, 19 


1745-6 


David Owen. 




, 20 


1746-7 


Owen Owen. 




, 21 


1747-8 


David Owen. 




, 22 


1748-9 


John Dalrymple. 




, 23 


1749-50 


Michael Jones. 




, 24 


1750-1 


Owen Owen. 




, 25 


1751-2 


David Owen. 




, 26 


1752-3 


[Sir] John Powell Pryce. 




, 27 


1753-4 


Owen Owen. 




, 28 


1754-5 


Thomas Foulkes. 




, 29 


1755-6 


Pryce Clunne. 




, 30 


1756-7 


Bowen Jones. 




, 31 


1757-8 


Richard Owen. 




, 32 


1758-9 


Richard Owen. 




, 33 


1759-60 


Richard Owen. 




, 34 


1760 


Richard Owen. (22 June to 25 Oct. 1760.) 






GEORGE III. 


Anno 1 


1760-1 


Edward Parry. 1 


2 


1761-2 


Robert Ingram. 


3 


1762-3 


William Howell. 



1 As the Mayors of Llanidloes were appointed in September under 
the old charters, Richard Owen and Edward Parry were both 
Mayors in anno 34. 



PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLANIDLOES. 165 



Anno 4 


1763-4 


[No name returned.] 


ii 5 


1764-5 


Thomas Cleaton. 


6 


1765-6 


[No name returned.] 


7 


1766-7 


Moses Howell. 


8 


1767-8 


Maurice Stephens. 


.. ^ 


1768-9 


Thomas Bo wen. 


10 


1769-70 


John Morris. 


11 


1770-1 


John Lewis. 


12 


1771-2 


Richai'd Matthews. 


13 


1772-3 


Robert Hughes. 


, 14 


1773-4 


[No name returned.] 


, 15 


1774-5 


William Woosnam. 


16 


1775-6 


William Howell. 


, 17 


1776-7 


Richard Owen. 


, 18 


1777-8 


Hugh Evans. 


, 19 


1778-9 


Sir Edward Lloyd. 


, 20 


1779-80 


David Hauier. 


21 


1780-1 


William Owen. 


, 22 


1781-2 


[No name returned.] 


, 23 


17823 


,, ,, ,, 


i 24 


1783-4 


) > ) 


, 25 


1784-5 


Thomas Marsh. (Gaol File, No. 29, Geo. III. 1 ) 


i 26 


1785-6 


Thomas Marsh. ,, 30, ,, 


, 27 


1786-7 


Thomas Marsh. ,, 31, 


, 28 


1787-8 


Thomas Marsh. ,, 34, ,, 


, 29 


1788-9 


Thomas Marsh. ,, ,, 36, 


, 30 


1789-90 


Thomas Marsh. ,, ,, 1, ,, 


, 31 


1790-1 


Thomas Marsh. ,, ,, 3, ,, 


i> 32 


1791-2 


Thomas Marsh. ,, ,, 6, ,, 


33 


1792-3 


Edward Pryce Lloyd, Bodfach. 


i 34 


1793-4 


[No name returned.] 


, 35 


1794-5 


Arthur Davies Owen. 


, 36 


1795-6 


George Stephens. 


, 37 


1796-7 


[No name returned.] 


, 38 


1797-8 


Thomas Edmund Marsh. 


, 39 


1798-9 


[No name returned.] 


ii 40 


1799-1800 John Thomas. 


ii 41 


1800-1 


William Howell. 


i> 42 


1801-2 


Hugh Jones. 


ii 43 


1802-3 


[No name returned.] 


i 4 4 


1803-4 


,, ,, 


45 


1804-5 


II >J 


,i 46 


1805-6 


Richard Jervis. 


ii 47 


1806-7 


Evan Stephens. 


48 


1807-8 


Thomas Pryce. 



1 I add the Nos. of Gaol Files so that Thomas Marsh's long period 
may be seen on referring to them. 



166 .PAROCHIAL ACCOUNT OF LLANIDLOES. 

An. 49 1808-9 David Davies. 

50 1809-10 [Town of Llanidloes not mentioned on this File.] 

51 18101 [Town of Llanidloes not mentioned.] 

,,52 1811-2 Eobert Ingram. 

53 1812-3 Robert Ingram. 

54 1813-4 [No name returned.] 

55 1814-5 George Meares. 

,,56 1815-6 Edward Evans. 

57 1816-7 [No name returned.] 

,,58 1817-8 Charles Decimus Williams, Berthddu. 

59 1818-9 William Owen, Esq. (25 Oct. 1819 to 20 Jan. 
1820.) 

GEORGE IV. 

Anno 1 1820-1 William Owen, Esq. 

2 1821-2 William Owen, Esq. 

3 1822-3 William Owen, Esq. 

4 1823-4 [No name returned.] 

5 1824-5 John Sisson, Esq. 

6 1825-6 E. Mostyn Lloyd, Esq. 

7 1826-7 John Hunter, Esq. 

8 1827-8 [No name returned.] 

9 1828-9 [No name returned.] 

10 1829-30 John Williams, Esq. 1 

11 1830-30 Thomas Edmund Marsh, Jan., Esq. (29 Jan. 
1830, to 26 June 1830.) 

WILLIAM IV. 

Anno 1 1830-1 Thomas Edmund Marsh, Jun., Esq. 2 



1 As the regnal years do not coincide in their commencement and 
termination with the mayoral years, some confusion may arise without 
an explanation. John Williams would be elected Mayor in Septem- 
ber 1828, and his name would first appear in the Gaol File of March 
Sessions 1829, anno 10 Geo. IV ; on comparing the commencement 
of a regnal year with the month of September, it would at once be 
seen when each Mayor commenced his year of office. 

2 Thomas Edmund Marsh, Esq., was Mayor of Llanidloes when 
the Great Sessions were held at Welshpool on the 12th August 
1830 ; he would be elected Mayor in Sept. 1829 ; his name is the last 
mentioned on the Gaol Files. 



167 



POWYSIANA. 



(Continued from Vol. xxiii, p. 412.) 



XXIX. MOKAL VALUE OF HIGH DESCENT. 

" HAPPY are those who are born into households en- 
riched with the moral traditions of many generations 
of high and noble living ! A single generation cannot 
learn for itself the great laws of life ; and it is not 
enough, therefore, to be born of parents whose hearts 
are lo} 7 al to duty to God. The chances are that much 
of their wisdom came too late to be of much service to 
their children. It is only the slowly accumulated 
moral wealth transmitted by a long line of honourable 
ancestry that can avail. The higher forms of morality, 
like the higher forms of civilisation, are the fruit of 
centuries of labour and meditation, of adventurous 
genius, of patient, unambitious, inglorious toil. As 
the tradition passes from parent to child, the moral 
ideal becomes richer, loftier, more complete ; every 
new generation is saved from some great mistake 
committed by its predecessor, and recognises from the 
first some duty which its predecessor had to discover 
for itself." (Dale.) 

XXX. REASON FOR HILLY ROADS. 

" Most roads through hilly countries were originally 
struck out by drivers of pack-horses, who, to avoid 
bogs, chose the upper ground. Consequently, it often 
happened that point B was lower than point A ; yet 
to go from A to B the traveller ascended a hill to 
secure a sound footing, and then descended to his 
point." (The Chase, Turf, and Road, by Nimrod, 
p. 225.) 



168 POWYSIANA. 



XXXI. HERBERTIANA. 

CONTRIBUTED BY Miss E. NELLIE RowLEY-Moiuus. 
FINCH HATTON PAPEKS. 

Add. MS. 29,552. 
MY LORD, Aug. 31st, 1670. 

I have left tliis letter l for your Lord'p at Sir 

Charles Litleton's to assure your L'd'p how your aduices 
may find me, in order to yo'r Guernsey expedition : For I am 
absolutely resolued to waite upon your L'd'p over, and make 

my selfe one of ye of your Seruants. But to giue this 

opportunitie I beg your L'd'p will send me your positiue time 
to Barbican House, where 1 haue already giuen such instruc- 
tions that your comands shall be imediately sent for Ashridge, 2 
where I waite the occasion of putting in act part of ye great 
respect I haue for your L'd'p personall worth. And some- 
thing of that Ceremony is due to your L'd'p new acquired 
Imployment from 

Your L'd'p's most Humble Seruant, 

H. HERBERT. 

Mr. Harrison, my L'd Bridgwater's Steward in Barbican, 
will take care for ye speedy sending yo'r L'd'p to me. 

For the Kt. Honorable my Lord Christopher Hatton. To 
be left at S ir Charles Litleton's till his L'd'p's return thither. 

Add. MS. 29,553, fo. 239. 

MY LORD, June 18, 1672. 

I have now a present I hope worth y'r acceptance, 
which is the seruice of my new found ensign (?), Mr. Bruce, 
a hopefull younge man ; I beleeve he will intitle Him- 
selfe to y'r L'p's favour by his respectfull carriage. I imagine 
he has learnt how to pay Just Honour, to ye Honourable as 
well as right Honourable. All this of right belongs to y'r 
L'd'p. 

I haue had a quarrell with myselfe, in that I haue refused 
your Brother ye receeuing of my moneys from S'r Stephen 
Fox ; I have engaged myselfe so absolutely to Mr. Edgcum. 
And my acc'ts with him are also so perplext that I can't with 
Honor decline him for any man ; otherwise, I had as much 
inclination to serue y'r Brother as he could expect. 

1 Some words of this damaged by damp, and difficult to decipher. 

2 Ashridge, near Tring, was a " Bridgwater" house. 



POWYSIANA. 169 

I am labouring to get my Company off ye Island ; I acquaint 
you, because I would be guilty of noe unhand (?) reproaches. 
The truth. is we haue been there long without Rolling (?) 
longer, I think, then is warrantable for one place in good 
disciplined Armies. 

My most Humble Seruice to rny lady, y'r L'd'p sisters and 
ye good folk of our acquaintance. I hope y'r L'd'p will 
assist rny afaire there, when it requires, as I haue been alwaies 
ready to serue y'r L'd'p. 

I am, 
Your L'd'p most Humble Seru't, 

H. HERBERT. 

For ye Eight Honorable Christopher Lord Hatton, 
Gouernour of Guernsey. These. 

Add. MS. 29,553, fo. 243. 

MY LORD, June 22, 1672. 

The letter I writt y'r L'd'p by Mr. Bruce was soe 
hastily called for, I had not time to remember ye matter of 
most moment ; but my L'd this occasion has not surpriz'd 
me ; but I may at large discourse to you ye business that 
now offers. 

It is, my L'd, ye receuourship of my moneys. By an order 
signe to S'r Stephen Fox, you friendly (?) authorized me, or 
whom I should appoint, to receeue my moneys for ye Com- 
pany. By a warrant of latter Date to y'r Brother, you have 
superseded this, and I am in a dilemma as to my moneys with 
S'r Stephen Fox. There are acc'ts between Mr. Edgcum and 
myselfe, besides ye Rule of yo'r Regiment by w'ch he is 
receiuer for us, that tyes me to him particularly. For which 
reason, my L'd, 1 desire y'r L'd'p will send me an order to 
receeue my owne moneys Directed to Sir Stephen Fox. 

I shall not endeavour in ye least to divert any body who's 
concerned from this y'r method, only my one particular, for 
sevrall reasons, makes me desire this, and I intreat y'r order 
as soon as possible. Far be it from me to obstruct any 
aduantage w'ch may accrue to y'r L'd'p or y'r Brother. But 
in this my promise and my Honer is engaged ; therefore only 
1 insist upon this request to y'r L'd'p. My humble seruice to 
yo'r L'd'p, Lady, and all ye yunge ladies, and 

I am, 
Your L'd'p's most humble Ser't, 

To the Same. H. HEEBEKT. 



170 POWYSIANA. 

LAUDERDALE PAPERS. 

Add. MS. 23,251. 

MY LORD, Paris, Jan. 29, 1723. 

Some unforeseen business having fallen out here 
relating to my concernes in these parts, I am obliged to delay 
my Jorney into England a little longer; I should otherwise 
have wayted upon your Lord'pp in person before this letter 
could have the honor to reach your hands. 

The first account I had from England relating to an allyance 
with your Lord'pp I received with all the pleasure irnmagin- 
able. The Caracter of the yong Lady your daughter is such 
that I coniecture Lord Montgomery 1 will be the happiest man 
in England in case of success, to w'ch I will give all the help- 
ing hand that is in my power. I doe not at all wonder he is 
soe pressing to have me come over, for, were I in his place, 
with the prospect of soe fine a Lady, and the honour of an 
allyance to soe ancient a family, time would hang upon me 
strangly, and I should continually be sollicitous for a conclu- 
sion. As for settlements, these cannot be the least difficulty ; 
your Lord'pp shall be Chancellor in this affair, and your own 
Lawyer shall determine the practise upon the like occasions. 

I beg the honour of an answer from your Lord'pp, by 
which time I compute I shall be in a readinesse to wayt upon 
you. 

I will ever seeke all occasions within my power to demon- 
strate myselfe. 

My Lord, 

Y'r Lord'pp's most obedient and most humble servant, 

Powis. 



CARYLL CORRESPONDENCE. 
PRESENTED BY SIR CHARLES W. DILKE, BART. 

Add. MS. 28,229, fo. 36. 

May 22, 1737. 

Received from the Right Hon'ble the Lady Mary Caryll 
the Will and Testament of the Right Hon'ble the Dowager 
Lady Viscountesse Carington, pursuant to her order to deliver 
the said will and Testament into my hands, signifyed by her 
letter to Lady Mary Caryll. Powis 

1 Lord Montgomery was never married. He became third Duke 
of Powis. 



POWYSIANA. 1 71 



XXXII. CHARLES AND ROWLAND VAUGHAN. 

From Gaol File, Montgomeryshire, 1 Charles I. 

Calendar, prison, in custod. edr'i Purcell ar. vie. cora Thome 
Chamberlayne Milit. Justic. 16 May, 1 Ch. I. 

Carolus Vaughan, 1 gen. comiss. per Edr'um Price Thomam 
Juckes et Thomam Kerry, arorigeros, pro suspicio murdri. 

Ball. Willi'm Penryn de Dythur, ar. et Thomas Mores do 
Llangedwyn, ar. 

Rob'tus Peers, gen. comiss. per eosd'm Justic. pro conli. (?). 

" The Humble petition of Charles Vaughan and Rowland 
Vaughan, gent., for and on the behalf of Themselves and 
fortie-one persons more here undermentioned, humbly shew- 
ing: That they and the said 41 persones were about 13 weeks 
past comitted by Edward Price, Esq'r, and certain others of 
the Justices of the Peace for the said county to the gaole 
of the said county for the supposed murthei'inge of one Cad- 
walader ap Griffith in and touching the taking of the poss'ioii 
of the house of Llwydiarth in the said county, being late the 
inheritance of S'r Robert Vaughan, Knt., deceased, etc/' 
(Petition to the Justices of Assize.) 

1 Charles Vaughan was the third son of Owen Vaughan (ap John 
ap Owen) of Llwydiarth, by Catherine, daughter and eventual 
heiress of Maurice ap Robert of Llaugedwyn. (See Miscellanea 
Ilistorica, 15 James I, and note.) Rowland Vaughan was probably 
his son. The contest for possession may have been with John Pur- 
cell of Nant-cribba, who married Eleanor, the niece of Charles 
Vaughan, and the daughter and eventual heiress of his elder brother, 
Sir Robert Vaughan, Knt. It is scarcely matter of surprise that 
Charles Vaughan, the next male heir, should have warmly protested 
against the alienation of the ancient mansion and estates of the 
family of Llwydiarth. 

William Penrhyn of Rhysnant, one of the bails, was Sheriff in 
1604 ; and the other, Thomas Morris of Llangedwyn, "was probably 
a cousin of Charles Vaughan. 

Charles Vaughan married Margaret, daughter and co-heiress of 
Edward Pryse of Eglwysegle, by Dorothy, daughter of Robert Davies 
of Gwysanuau. 



1 72 POWYSIANA. 

XXXIII. EXTRACTS FROM CALENDARS OF PATENTS, 
Temp. HEN. VIII. 

There are about thirty volumes of Indexes to Patents 
of the Reigns of Hen. VII and lien. VIII, recently 
compiled. These are much superior to the contempo- 
rary calendars. A few examples are appended, which 
illustrate the nature of the grants which may be 
found in the Patent Rolls. This list could be ex- 
tended to cover all patents granted down to a recent 
date. 

E. R. M. 



4 Hen. VIII, p. i, 1512-13 (8), vol. ii. 17 May. Annuity of 
5 a year for life to Henry Webbe, yeoman of the Stirrup, 
payable out of the Lordship of Dynbigh (N. Wales), lately 
enjoyed by Nicholas Purwhit, deceased. P. 3. 

17 Aug. Annuity of 5 (during pleasure) to Jevan ap 
Rhys, ono of the yeomen porters of the Gate, out of the L. of 
D. (N.W.), lately enjoyed by Win. Eggerton. (10.) P. 1. 

10 Sept. Grant to Thomas Owen of the Office of Steward 
of the Lordship of Iscoite (Cardigan), vice Thomas Kayver, 
deceased. (13.) 

5 Hen. VIII, p. 1, 1513-14 (13).-4 Feb. Pardon to Roger 
Lloyd of Hereford, gent., alias of Pole, in the March of Wales, 
yeoman, alias Roger Thloyd of Hereford (Heref.), mercer, of 
all offences, etc., committed before the 20th Jan., 3 Hen. VIII. 

5 lien. VIII, p. 1, 1513-14, page 67, m. 9d. Commission, 
W T ales, etc., to make inquisition on all treasons, insurrections, 
etc. 

7 Hen. VIII, p. 1, 1515-16, vol. iii, 27 April 4-26. Grant 
to Maurice Clunne, yeoman of the Crown, of the office of 
Clerk of the Courts of Radnor and Melynyth, with their 
members in the inarches of Wales, vice Edw. ap David, de- 
ceased, with 6 13.v. 4tl a year, and of the office of the keeper 
of the forest of Knocklas, vice the said Edward. 

7 Henry VIII, pars 2, 1515-16, 23-9. 29 Aug. Grant to 
Gruff. Vachan, one of the yeomen of the Guard, of the office 
of forester of the lordships of Kere and Kidewen. 

Sept. 10, 20-12. Grant to Uavid ap Howell, yeoman of the 
guard, of the office of forester of Cornattyn forest, in the Lord- 
ship of Montgomery. 

5 April, 7 Hen. VIII, pars 3. Grant to Thomas ap Res, 



POWYSIANA. 173 

Esq., Beander, etc., in exchange for pat., 26 June, 3 Hen. VII 
(under the seal of the earldom of March), being found in- 
valid. 

8 Hen. VIII, p. 1, 1516-17. 28 May, 5-24. Annuity of 
20 for life to John Dudley, brother of my Lord Dudley, out 
of the issues of the Manors of Montgomery, Kerry, and 
Kedewen (Marches of Wales), with the am't of the same 
annuity from 23 April, 1 Hen. VIII, on surrender of Patent, 
22 May, 5 Hen. VII (in. 33), granting him an Annuity. 

15 July. Warrant, 8 Hen. VIII, 1, 1516-17 (p. 38, 2-27), 
to the Treasurer, etc., to pay Charles, Earl of Worcester, 
various sums out of Welsh lordships, including Kery, Kedewen, 
etc. 

16 Oct., 8 Henry VIII, p. 2, 1516-17, 24-1. Appointment 
of Thomas Phillip, Knt., as Sheriff of the County of Pem- 
broke, in South Wales, in the Lordship of Haferfordvvest, 
with a stipend of 100s. a year (page 1). 

9 Hen. VIII, pars, i, 1517-18, pars ii, p. 18, 8-16. Annuity 
for life of 10 marcs to Thomas Starke, Esq., out of the issues 
of the lordship and manors of Montgomery, Kery, and Kydy- 
owyn, parcel of the Earldom of March, as granted to him by 
Patent, 6 Feb., 4 Hen. VII, which is rendered void by the act 
of resumption, 6 Hen. VIII. 

10 Henry VIII, pars 2, p. 6. Grant of the Reversion of 
certain offices, among them Steward of the Lordships of Kery, 
Kedewen, and their members, constable of the castle of Mont- 
gomery, to Henry Somerset, Lord Herbert. 

Vol. 3, Hen. VIII, llth, vol. iv, Hen. VIII, p. ii (p. 39).- 
16 Nov. Presentation of Hugh Pole, cl'k to the parish church 
of Mountgomery, void by death, 6-28. 

(P. 40.) Master Thomas Magnus, Cl'k to Myvod Church, 
6-21, 29 Oct. 

12 Hen. VIII, p. i (p. 18). Presentation of Thos. Evans to 
Montg', vice Hugh Pole, resigned (6 Dec.) 

13 Hen. VIII, p. 1, 9-19. 30 Jan., for 21 years to Matthew 
ap Thomas of the King's toll of the Market on Tuesday, and 
3 fairs on the feast of St. Edward and Cyr, in the newtown of 
Kyddewen in Kerrye, parcel of the Earldom of March. 

14 Hen. VIII, p. 2 (24 page), 13-17, Rutter. 

Vol. iv, 2nd Series. 7 Hen. VIII, pars. 2, 20f?-llrf. 
18 July. Commission to make inquisition as to offences com- 
mitted in the Marches, etc. P. 52. 

5 April. 7 Hen. VIII, p. 3, 1515-6, 6-27. Grant to 
Thomas ap Res, Esq., of the mill of Beander, with two pastures 
there, Fryth Garth and Fryth Beander, and the demesne lands 



1 74 POWYSIANA. 

called Kahenry, in the lordship of Kedewen. This grant is in 
consequence of patent, 26 June, 3 Hen. VII (under the seal of 
the earldom of March) being found invalid. 

28 May. P. i, 1516-17, m. 5-25. Annuity of 20 for life to 
John Dudley, brother of Lord Dudley, out of the issues of 
the manors of Montgomery, Keary, and Kedewen (marches of 
Wales), with the amount of the said annuity from 23 April, 
1 Hen. VII, on surrender of Patent, 22 May, 5 Hen. VII (m. 
33), granting him a similar annuity. P. 39. 

15 July. 8 Hen. VIII, p. i, 1516-17. Warrant to the 
Treasurer and Barons. 

25 June. 10 Hen. VIII, pars. 2, 1518-19, vol. v, 2nd Series, 
in. 30-5. Grant to Henry Somerset, Lord Herbert, of the 
reversion of the offices of Sheriff of Glamorgan and various 
other things among them ; Steward of the manors of Mont- 
gomery and Keri Kedowen and their members. 

11 Hen. VIII. Presentation of Thos. Magnus to p. ch. of 
Meifod, pars, ii, 29 Oct. 1519-20, m. 6-28. 

24 Hen.VIII, pars. 2, 18-15. 28 July. License of entry with- 
out proof of age, etc., to John Sutton, Knt., Lord Dudley, son 
and heir of Edward Sutton, Knt., late Lord Dudley, deceased, 
and Cecilia his wife, Lady Dudley, on all the possessions of the 
said John in England, Calais, Wales, and the Marches thereof. 
P.S. Ampthill, 24 July, Del W. Page 26. 

25 Henry VIII, pars. 2, 18 .Feb., vol. viii. Grant in survivor- 
ship to Maurice ap David ap Heilyn, Clk., and William ap 
Henry, Clk., of the perpetual chantry or custody of the chapel 
in Denbigh Castle (Marches of Wales), on surrender of Patent, 
4 June, 15 Hen. VII, p. 1, m. 9), granting the said Chantry 
on custody to the said Maurice only during good conduct. 
(P.S. West., 3 Feb. Del. W.) 

Bangor, Rymer Foed., vol. xiv, p. 527. 

Commission of Sewers. Bangor, St. Asaph (names of 
Commrs.) 26 Hen. VIII, p. 1 (page 48). South Wales, p. 50. 

Vol. ix (see below). 4 July, Westrn., 30-6. Grant in tail 
male to Edward Grey, Knt., Lord Powys, Build was Abbey, 
and various other places and things. P. 7. 

Vol. x, 29 Hen., p. i ; vol. xi, 30 Hen. VIII, pars. 1 (page 3), 
27-12. Lease, by the advice of Sir John Daunce, Knt., John 
Hales, and Richard Pollard, to Matthew ap Thomas ap Rice, 
one of the gentlemen ushers of the King's Chamber, of the 
water-mill of Beander in Kedewen, and two pastures called 
Fryth Garth and Fryth Beander, with the demesne lands called 
Beander land and Kahenry, in the lordship of Kedewen, parcel 



POWYSIANA. 175 

of fcho Earldom of March (Marches of Wales) for the term of 
21 vears, at the annual rent of 6 13s. and 12s\ of increase. 

2nd Series, vol. ii, 3 Hen. VIII, pars. 2, 1511-12, m. 21-2. 
Presentation of Dd. Yale, LL.B., to the Collegiate Church of 
Iluthyn (Bangor Diocese). P. 4. 

9 March. 3, pars. 3, m. $d-5d. Commission to make In- 
quisitions concerning treasons, insurrections, rebellions, etc., 
in Wales and the neighbouring English counties. P. 27. 

10 June. 5, pars, i, 1513-4, m. 16^-9^. Commission as 
above. 

27 April. 5, Commission of the Peace. Lordships of 
Glamorgan and Morganwg. lbd-]Qd, pars. 2. P. 66. 

21 Sept. 3 Hen. VIII, pars. 2, 1514-15, vol. iii, ra. 22-11. 
Grant to Edmund Knyvet, the King's serjeant doorward, his 
executors and assigns, of the manor of Pontesbury (Salop), 
with its members and appurtenances, and all lands, etc., in 
Boycote, Farley, Hy .... the farmes of the lordship " and" 
[? of] Shrewsbury, parcel of the inheritance of George, Lord 
Powis, the King's ward, to hold from Easter, 5 Henry VIII, 
during the minority of the said George. P. 25. 

29 Aug. 7 Hen. VIII, pars. 2, 1515-16, vol. iv, m 23-9. 
Grant to Gruff. Vachan, one of the yeomen of the Guard, of 
the office of forester of the lordships of Kere and Kidewen. 
P. 13. 

10 Sept. Similar grant to David ap Howell, yeoman of the 
Guard, of the office of Forester of Carnaltyn Forest, in the 
L. of Montg. 20-12. P. 19. 

E. R. M. 



XXXIV. BROWNE MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTION, 
CHURCHSTOKE. 

Sacred | to the memory of | THOMAS BROWNE | of Melliug- 
ton, in this County, Esquire | and Colonel of the Montgomery- 
shire Militia | who died July 2nd, 1811, aged 75. | An active 
Magistrate, a polished companion, a benevolent neighbour, 
and a sincere friend, | He passed a long course of years in the 
steady exercise | of those virtues to which his station in life | 
gave scope, and at the close of which | He departed | uni- 
versally and justly regretted. | As a memorial of his worth | 
and | pious tribute of filial love, | This monument has been 
erected | by his surviving daughter | Catherine, | Wife of John 
Edwards of Machynlleth, Esquire. | 

Ten years afterwards her mortal remains were deposited | 



176 POWYSIANA. 

by the side of her beloved and revered | Father, | To the in- 
consolable loss of her afflicted and bereaved Husband. | In her 
were united the grace of an accomplished | mind and the 
endearments of a benevolent heart, | manifested in a zealous 
discharge of every duty. | Her virtues live in the memory of 
her surviving friends, | and | The poor, whose wants she amply 
supplied | In food, clothing, and instruction, | Bear in grateful 
remembrance a kind Benefactress | who humbly trusted that 
her Christian Faith and practice | Would be found acceptable 
in the sight of | Her Redeemer and her God. | She died 
January 9th, 1821, aged 52. | 

(Copy of Inscription on Monument at the east end of 
Churchstoke Church, Montgomeryshire.) 



XXXV. HUGHES OF FRONGOCH, PARISH OF 
LLANLLUGAN. 

(Garth MSS.) 

MR. RICHARD HUGHES, of Powis Castle and Frongoch, in the 
parish of Llanllugan and County of Montgomery. 

1725. His three son?, Pryce Hughes, Richard Hughes, and 
Valentine Hughes. 

The two former mortgaged their property, went to America, 
purchased a large tract of land, and lost their lives in a scuffle with 
the Indians in an attempt to deprive Pryce Hughes of a pocket- 
compass, in the presence of one William Morgan, a native of 
Llanwnog, who, with several others from the adjoining parishes, 
joined the Hughes' in their voyage to America. 

Valentine, the third son, went to college, and while there was 
informed by William Morgan of the death of his two brothers. 
Valentine Hughes took Morgan with him to Mr. Wythen 
Jones's offices, who was practising as an attorney in London, to 
prove the death of his two brothers and to take possession 
of his estates in Montgomeryshire. Valentine Hughes died 
a bachelor at Park, and was High Sheriff of this county in 1730. 

Mr. Richard Hughes had also three daughters 

1. Fortune Hughes, married to Mr. Bowen of Llanfyllin, 

from whom the Wythen Joneses and Richard Pritchard 
are descended. 

2. Frances Hughes, married Richard Jones of Orphrwd, 

from whom the Venables of Woodhill, near Oswestry, 
are descended. 



POWYSIANA. 177 

3. Bridget Hughes, married Richard Owen of Garth, near 
Llanidloes, and their issue are 
Richard Owen. 

Elizabeth, married Rev. George Herbert. 
Mary, married David Matthews. 
Frances, married John Williams. 
Valentine, married to the Rev. Evan Jones's mother. 
Bridget, married Thomas Vanglian. 
Daniel,, married Mttry Lloyd of Domgay. 
The above Richard married Miss Owen of Llunllwth 
[Llyulloedd], and had issue one daughter, Cornelia, married to 
John Edwards of Machynlleth, and their issue are the present 
Sir John Edwards and Mrs. Mirehouse. 

Elizabeth Owen married the Rev. George Herbert, 1746, 
of Cwmydalfa, Kerry. Their issue 

1. John Herbert of Park, afterwards of Dolforgan, who 

married Averina Brunetta Owen, heiress of Llwnlloeth, 
and their issue were 
Georgina Margaretta. 

Charlotte, married to Richard My tton, Esq., of Garth. 
Mary Anne. 
John Owen, married to Miss Johnston, their issue one 

daughter, married to Walter Long, jun., Esq., of 

Rood Ashton, in the county of Wilts. 
George, married Miss Hamer of Glanhafren ; their 

issue are John, Arthur, George, Edward, Richard, 

and Henry, and a daughter. 

2. George Herbert, died a bachelor at Turin in Italy, on his 

return from India. 

3. (1784.) Jane, married Mr. Protheroe of Pembrokeshire, 

who had issue one daughter, married to Mr. Probert. 
Mary Owen, married David Matthews of Newtown, and 
their issue 

Edward, married to Mary Hall. 

Elinor, married to William Gwynne of Bishop's 

Castle. 

Jane, married to John Jones of Aberystwith. 
1771. Edward, married Mary Hall of Penyddole in Trefeglwys, 
and their issue Edward, Thomas, Richard, George, 
Elizabeth, Anna Maria, Elinor, Christopher, Daniel, 
and Bridget. 



VOL. XXIV. N 



178 POWYSIANA. 

XXXVI. TRINITY WELL, TREGYNON. 

In the parish of Tregynon there is a very fine spring 
of pure water, issuing from a hill called " Boncyn-y- 
beddaw", within half- a- mile of the village. Here the 
inhabitants used to assemble on the afternoon of Trinity 
Sunday, taking with them cups and pieces of sugar, 
and drinking the water sweetened with sugar. This 
custom has died out, but there are many people now 
living who remember going to the well. 

I believe the well is called " Holy", but am not 
quite certain. 

In Bettws parish is a similar well, and I under- 
stand the same custom existed, except that sugar was 
not used. W. S. O. 

XXXVII. BERRIEW. 

(Extracts from Parish Register.} 

Englyn in the Parish Register of Berriew, written 
on a page sub anno 1609, "Burials". 

" Or pridd i deithim or prudda, a phridd 
A ffryfed wuf nessa 

Ond prudd im feddwl mai pridd y fydda 
Or pridd ir wuf ir pridd yr a. 

Scriptu' p' me Mo' Price." 

On a blank page, between 1600 and 1601, in a good 
clerical hand, but not that upon those pages, is the 
following : 

" TIME PAST TIME. 
" Time past time left time lustie ; I was, 

time wasteth my beutie 
time passeth away hastie 

time and ages duty tame mee, 

" Take heede indeede least you die, in pride 

bee war prowd vayne glorie, 
pride on every side I see 
Obbedience hurts no bodie." 

The handwriting seems to accord somewhat with 



POWY8IANA. 179 

that found in the Register, circa 1620. Mem. No 
punctuation in either than is shown above. 

There are two pages of churchwardens' accounts for 
1638 and 1639, at the end of the oldest Register, but 
they contain no entries of interest, except perhaps the 
following, in 1638, relating to the bells : 

Item, for casteinge of the 2 bells for more l and caraidge, 

xvij/i. xviijs. 

Item, to another bell funder for his paynes and travayll . iijs. vjd. 
Item, to Hughe Abell for takeinge downe, hanging upp of the bells f'r 

Jron, baudrings, and other worke . . xxxvijs. 8d. 2 

Item, for loadinge and unloadinge of the bells . . ijs. 

Item, for 3 bell Ropes and the caraidge . . [ixs. ?] 3 

Item, to the bell funder for his chardges the last jorney ijs. vjd. 

Item, for one payer of articles, whereby the bell funder is bound to 

mayuetayne the bells for c'rtayne yeares to come ijs. vjd. 

Item, for another payer, whereby Hughe Abell is likwise bound ij*. 
Item, for destowinge 4 of Roks and Croes . . . xxs. 

Item, to Thomas ap Evan, for killinge a ffox . . . xij<7. 

1639. 
lie', to Rees Richard and Howell ap John, for destroying Rookes and 

crowes . . . . . . xs. 

Ite\ for a Roape for the litle bell . . . .is. 

H. W. K. 



1 Ink so faded that I could not read the word ; may probably be 
read under a strong lens, which could not be found. 

2 Pence written in an Italian 8 as copied. "Baudrings", evidently 
for " bawdrick" or " baldrock", as sometimes written, and under 
other forms of orthography, stout leather straps used in the ancient 
mode of hanging bells by bawdrick and buskboard. 

3 ixs. for the cost of three bell-ropes is, I think, correct ; but the 
figures are faded and obscure. 

4 I can only read the word as I have written it. Probably the 
writer intended to have written "destrowinge" for destroying. In 
other churchwardens' accounts in England we find commonly entries 
for destroying the caddows, the name by which jackdaws were then 
known. I am afraid reward for destroying foxes would not meet the 
approval of Sir Watkin Wynn ! 

Mem. The entries are copied line for line as in the original 
record. 



N 2 



1 80 POWYSIANA. 

XXXVIII. BERRIEW. PRYCE VISCOUNT HEREFORD. 

CONVEYANCE OF LANDS in Counties of Suffolk and 
Montgomery, part of the Estate of Pryce, Lord 
Viscount Hereford, deceased. (See his will, supra, 
page 11.) 

KRCOVERY ROLL. PLEAS OF LAND. TRINITY TERM, 28TH 
GEORGE II, 1755. No. 56. 

Thomas Brogravo, gentleman, came the first day of July 
next after the close of this same term before Sir Thomas Birch, 
Knight, one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas at 
Westminster, and acknowledged this writing following to be 
his deed, and required the same to be enrolled, and it is 
enrolled in these words (19 June 1755) : 

This Indenture Quadrupartite, made the nineteenth day of 
June, in the twenty-eight year of King George the second, 
and year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty- 
five, between ROBERT MOXON of Gray's Inn, in the county of 
Middlesex, gentleman, surviving devisee named in the Will of 
the Right Honourable Pryce, late Lord Viscount Hereford, and 
Richard Price of Vaynol, in the county of Flint, Esquire, nephew 
and heir-at-law of the said Pryce, late Lord Viscount Hereford, 
deceased, of the first part ; THOMAS STAUNTON of Great Sam- 
ford, in the county of Essex, Esquire, and CATHERINE his wife, 
sister and heir-at law of Thomas Thurston, late of Ipswich, in 
the county of Suffolk, and also of the Middle Temple, London, 
Esquire, deceased, of the second part; JOHN NICHOLL, of the 
parish of Saint Andrew, Holborn, in the county of Middlesex, 
gentleman, of the third part ; and THOMAS BROGRAVE, of Gray's 
Inn, aforesaid, gentleman, of the fourth part. Whereas, by 
Indentures of Lease and Release, the Lease bearing date the 
first and the Release the second day of August last (the Release 
being Quinquipartite), and made or mentioned to be made be- 
tween the Honourable Edward Vernon, Esquire, of the first part; 
the said Robert Moxon, Thomas Staunton, and Catherine his 
wife, and Richard Price, of the second part ; William Price of 
the third part ; Richard Woodhouse, of the parish of Saint 
Clement Danes, county of Middlesex, gentleman, of the fourth 
part; and Thomas Evans,of the Middle Temple, London, gentle- 
man, of the fifth part. In consideration that the said Richard 
Price had agreed to execute this present Indenture, together with 
Indentures of Lease and Release, the Release bearing date the 
second day of August last between the parties hereto, and to 
pay to the said Thomas Staunton and Robert Moxon the sum 



POWYSIANA. 181 

of Four hundred and sixteen pounds thirteen shilling and four- 
pence ; They, the said Robert Moxon, Thomas Staunton, and 
Catherine his wife, and Richard Price, by and with the consent, 
privity, and direction of the said William Price, Granted, 
Bargained, and Sold, Released and confirmed unto the said 
Thomas Evans All that Manor of Earl Soham, alias Soham, alias 
Sohaur Countes, with the Rights, Members, and Appurten- 
ances, the advowson of the Church of Earl Soham, and also 
two Messuages and farms .... lying in Earl Soham and 

Mont Soham, in the county of Suffolk, in obedience 

to two several orders of the High Court of Chancery, of the 
fifteenth day of March one thousand seven hundred and fifty- 
three, made in certain causes in the said Indenture of Release 
(bearing even date, and made between the parties hereto) 
mentioned, and also by and with the privity, consent, and 
direction of the said Thomas Staunton and Catherine his wife, 
testified by their being parties and joining in the execution of 
these presents, Have, and each of them Hath, Granted, Bar- 
gained, and Sold, and by these presents do, and each of them 
doth, at and by the nomination, direction, and consent of the 
said John Nicholl, testified by his being a party to and joining in 
the Execution of these presents, Grant, Bargain, and Sell unto 
the said Thomas Brograve, his heirs and assigns, All that the 
Manor or Lordship of Teir Triffe, otherwise Terr Triffe, with 
the Appurtenances, and all that Capital Messuage or Mansion 
House, late of him the said Pryce Viscount Hereford, deceased, 
called Vaynor, together with all houses, outhouses, Barns, 
Stables, Buildings, Gardens, Orchards, parks, park grounds, 
Lands, Tenements, Meadows, pastures, ffeedings, Woods, 
Woodgrounds, Underwoods, Ways, Waters, pools, ponds, 
rivers, streams and ffishings, Waste grounds, Commons, profits, 
Commodities, and hereditaments, unto the said Capital Mes- 
suage or Mansion House of Vaynor aforesaid, now or lately 
belonging, or therewith now or lately used, accepted, reputed, 
and taken and known as part, parcel, or Member thereof, situate 
lying, and being in the Townships, Hamletts, Territories, 
or Precincts of Vaynor Ucha, Vaynor Issa, and Livior, or any 
of them, in the county of Montgomery ; and also all and every 
the Manors, Messuages, Lands, Tithes, Tenths, Tenements, 
and Hereditaments whatsoever, late the estate of the said Pryce 
Viscount Hereford, deceased, situate, lying, and being in all or 
any of the several Townships, parishes, Hamletts, or precincts 
of Manavon, Lan Manavon, Lys Manavon, Gaynog, Vaynor 
Ucha, Vaynor Issa, Livior, Beriew, Lanwnog, Lanwythelan, 
Church Stoke, Treganon, Landysill, Treveglos, Landinam, 
Keel, Doiriuo, Treganol, Pencord, Pennynuues, Keelcouch- 



182 PUWYSIANA. 

wyn, Trevescob, Trecastle, Lansurnaunt, Melliugton, Castle- 
wright, Mainston, and Ashton, in the County of Montgomery ; 
And also the several Messuages, Mills, Lands, Tenements, 
and Hereditaments which were purchased by the Right 
Honourable Pryce Lord Viscount Hereford, deceased, ffather 
of the said last Lord Viscount Hereford, of and from Pryce 
Devereux of Trecoid, in the county of Brecknock, Esquire, 
and Ann his wife, lying and being in the several parishes 
of Berriew and fforden, of the yearly value of One hundred 
and fifty pounds or thereabouts, and also all that parcel of 
land called the fforest of Treveglos. purchased by the said 
ffather of the last Lord Viscount Hereford of Sir Richard 
Middleton, all which several premises are situate, lying, and 
being in the said county of Montgomery, and now are or late 
were in the several tenures or occupation of James Gethyn, 
James Jones, David Oliver, Richard Jones, Joseph Tibbot, 
Arthur Gyles, William Pryce, ffrancis Watts, Edward Good- 
wyn, William Ellis, David Davies, Hugh Brown, Richard 
Habberley, John Goodvvyn, John Tibbot, Elizabeth Davies, 
John Lloyd, Catherine Owen, Evan Evans. John Jones, Thomas 
Roberts, Edward Edwards, Thomas Jones, Richard Powell, 
Thomas Withers, Cadwalidir Davies, Thomas Brees, William 
Pryce, John Morris, Harding Evans, Edward Morris, Robert 
Rees, Thomas Evans of Cross Lane, Thomas Evans of Duffryn, 
John ftVeernan, Mary Pryce, James Jones or Tanner, Sarah 
H owells, Benjamin Higgins, William Proctor, John Wytcherley, 
John Baxter, Wordman Gittins, Arthur Vaughan, Mrs. Pryce, 
Mathias Green, Thomas Shakeras, John W r ard, Mr. Arthur 
Davies, William Griffith, Morris Jones, Margaret Powell, 
Richard Evans, Thomas Tudor, Eleanor Davies, Edward Wood, 
Gabriel Wood, Griffith Roberts, Griffith Evans, Richard 
Wooding, William Lloyd, Matthias Green, Rees Pryce, David 
Humphrey, David Morris, William Lloyd, John Pryce, John 
Owen, John Richard, Thomas Howell Pryce, John Jones, 
Richard Evans, Arthur Davies, Thomas Philips, William 
Jones, Philip Philips, Richard David, Christopher Gittins, John 
Gamon, Nathaniel Griffiths, Thomas Jones, Thomas Jones, 
Thomas Newell, Evan Morgan, Edward Bomford, John Rey- 
nolds, Hugh Davies, Edward Wild, James Newell, Richard 
Newell, Richard Pugh, David Syer, Edward Lord Viscount 
Hereford, Evan Reynolds, Thomas Davies, Henry Parry, John 
Evans, ffrancis Gough, John Jones, David Reynolds, Richard 
Mason, and Thomas Bebb, or some of them, their, or some of 
their undertenants or assigns, together with all other the 
Messuages, ffarms, Lands, Tenements, Meadows, pastures, 
ffeediugs, Moors, Marches, ffenns, heath commons, common of 



POWYSIANA. 183 



pasture and Bruery, and other the Hereditaments whereof the 
said Pryce, the last Lord Viscount Hereford, died seized in the 
said county of Montgomery ; and all ways, passages, waters, 
watercourses, rights, members, privileges, and appurtenances 
to the same, or any part thereof, belonging or in any wise 
appertaining or usually accepted, taken, or known as part, 
parcel, or member thereof, and the Reversion or Reversions, 
Remainder or Remainders, Rents, Issues, and profits thereof, 
and of every part and parcell thereof; And also all the Estate, 
right, Title, Interest, Trust, Inheritance, Claim, and demand 
whatsoever, both in Law and Equity, of them, the said Robert 
Moxou and Richard Price, of, in, into, and out of all and singular 
the said premises hereby granted and released, or meant, men- 
tioned, or intended so to be : To have and to hold the said 
Manors, Lordships, Royalties, Messuages and Tenements, 
Mills, Lands, Tithes, Tenths, ffarms, hereditaments, and 
premises hereby Bargained and Sold, or meant, mentioned, or 
intended to be, with their and every of their rights, members, 
and appurtenances, unto the said Thomas Brograve, his heirs 
and assigns. In Trust, nevertheless, as to one undivided 
moiety or equal half part thereof to and for the said Thomas 
Stannton, his heirs and assigns for ever ; and as to the other 
undivided moiety or equal half part thereof, to and for the said 
Robert Moxon, his heirs and assigns for ever, and to and for 
no other use, Intent, or purpose whatsoever. In witness 
whereof, etc. 

Witnesses. Randyll Peck, Fra. Saul ; and sealed by John 
Nicholl, in the presence of Fra. Saul and Win. Pitt. 



XXXIX. THE ENDORCHAWG. 

The Endorchawg, or " Chain of Gold", was visible in 
Llewellyn ap Griffith, Prince of North Wales, when he 
fell on the banks of the Irvon, near Builth. 

But the badge was frequently conferred for distin- 
guished valour as well as eminent rank. 

We are informed by the bard Aneurin, in his martial 
narrative of the battle of Catterath, that no less than 
three hundred of the British who were slain there 
had their necks wreathed with the Endorchawg ; and 
history informs us of the noble Roman, Manlius, who 
was called Torquatus, from defeating a Gallic veteran 
and appropriating his chain. G. S. 



184 POWYStANA. 



XL. ARWYSTLEY. 

The Princes of Upper and Lower Powys were intent 
fora long period on retaining their ancestral possessions; 
but Arwystley, probably the last relic of their ances- 
tral domains, was given up to the English on the 
marriage of Hawys Gadarn, or " the Hardy", daughter 
of Owen ap Griffith, last Prince of Powys Wenwyriwyn, 
with Sir John de Cherleton, who in her right acquired 
the feudal barony of Pole, held in capite from the 
English Crown, and was summoned to Parliament 26th 
July 1,113, as Baron de Cherleton. 

G. S. 



XLI. THE INTOLERANCE OF THE ENGLISH. 

When the victorious Normans had established their 
rule in England, they directed their chief efforts to the 
extension of their power in Powys-land, where they 
met with a firm and protracted resistance. 

The heroism of these patriotic sons of the Cymry is 
celebrated by the pen of the historian, and is confirmed 
by the undoubted evidence of several fortresses in the 
contiguous county of Salop : 

"As to the Welsh frontier, it was constantly almost in a 
state of war, which a very little good sense, and benevolence, 
in any one of our shepherds would have easily prevented by 
admitting the conquered people to partake in equal privileges 
with their fellow-subjects. Instead of this, they satisfied 
themselves with aggravating the mischief by granting legal 
reprisals upon Welshmen. Welshmen were absolutely ex- 
cluded from bearing offices in Wales. The English, living in 
the English towns of Wales, earnestly petitioned (23 H. VI) 
that this exclusion may be kept in force. Complaints of the 
disorderly state of the Welsh frontier are repeated as late as 
12 Edw. IV." 1 

G. S. 

1 Hallarn's Europe during the Middle Ayes. 



I'OWYStANA. 185 



XLII. THE FLANNEL TRADE. 

In 1331 A.D., Edward I [I introduced seventy families 
of cloth workers from Flanders, John Kempe and 
others, to teach the English and Welsh weaving, and 
the emigration to our shores continued for a century. 

The produce of Welshpool, Newtown, Machynlleth, 
and other towns of Powys-land, brought on the hacks 
of the hardy ponies of Montgomeryshire, called Merlins, 
was conveyed in abundant stores to Oswestry and 
Shrewsbury, and very great wealth was accumulated 
by the enterprising merchants who thus .dealt with 
the wool grown in the vales of the Vyrnwy and the 
Severn. 

This traffic seems to have thriven, with great profit 
to the industrious tradesmen of Montgomeryshire 
about the middle of the fifteenth century. 

Large areas of arable land were frequently converted 
into pasture to supply the wide-spread applications 
for wool, for British wool was then regarded as un- 
equalled in Europe, and there was an insatiable demand 
for it both at home and abroad. 

The "Wars of the Roses were terminated by the 
politic marriage of Henry VII, of Cambrian descent, 
with Elizabeth of York, but many evil consequences 
resulted from the protracted conflict. 

They left many of the ancient feudal landholders in 
great embarrassment ; their estates were encumbered 
by protracted warfare and by pretentious extravagance, 
and fell into the hands of successors of ampler re- 
sources. Some of these new proprietors in the ad- 
joining county of Salop were natives of Powys-land, 
successful "merchants of the staple", and they speedily 
came forward to purchase and settle upon estates 
throughout the county of Salop. They were neces- 
sarily " brothers of the guild", established in the 
thriving towns of Shrewsbury, Ludlow, Oswestry, 



186 POWYS1ANA. 

Newport, and Bridgnorth, arid were imbued with 
feelings of sturdy independence, and some of their 
leading members belonged to the Council of the 
Marches, an honourable and well-merited distinction, 
for, in the language of Sir Walter Scott, " the Lords 
Marchers inhabited those formidable castles on the 
frontiers of the ancient British, on the ruins of which 
the traveller gazes with wonder." 

G. S. 



XLIIi. THE LORDS MARCHER. 

If we turn to " The Noble, and Gentle Men" of Eng- 
land, by Mr. Evelyn Shirley, we find in many English 
counties only two, or three, families recorded, while 
Shropshire has twenty-eight. 

To account for the great number of gentry in Shrop- 
shire, and the bold and independent character, which 
has gained for them the popular name of " Proud 
Salopians", we present a hurried description of social 
arrangements in early times, from which the charac- 
teristics of the Shropshire gentry are derived. 

Situated on the disturbed borders of Wales, and 
holding in fee a large portion of the Marches, the 
Barons were placed there with a very peculiar tenure. 
Each had his castle subject to constant attacks from the 
Welsh, as his estates extended to so much land as he 
could hold, or capture, from them. Many of the charters 
by which they held their lands, are so worded. 

Of necessity the men, who accepted such a position, 
and trust, must have been, and their descendants also 
must have grown up for generations, bold and self- 
reliant, in the constant expectation of war. 

The Lords of the Marches were mostly Barons, and 
sat in Parliament, arid in the Red Book of the Ex- 
chequer were called " Marchiones Wallise". Shrop- 
shire was the seat of judicature for all North Wales, 



POWYSIANA. 187 

and all cases of wrong or violence were tried at 
Shrewsbury. 1 

A state of disquietude was of long continuance in 
the borders of Wales from the death of Llewellyn ap 
Griffith, the patriotic Prince of North Wales, in 1282, 
to the death of Owen Glendower in 1415. 

The ferocity, and vindictiveness, which grew out of 
such a state of society, were rampant in the Marches, 
until two very able, and excellent, men succeeded in 
staunching the wounds of bygone ages, and secured 
the ascendancy of law, and order, on an equitable and 
firm basis. These were Rowland Lee, Bishop of Lich- 
tield and Coventry, and Sir Henry Sidney. 

The former was appointed in 1535, and by his firm, 
and able, government the Marches were at length 
cleared of bands of robbers, and on his death, on 
January 24, 1543, he left the Marches in a state of 
tranquillity, and security, very unlike to the scenes of 
violence and lawlessness, in which he had found them. 

In 1559 the ever-celebrated Sir Henry Sidney succeeded 
as Lord President of the Marches, and to his admirable 
government of twenty-seven years (for he died May 5, 
1586), Wales, and the Border Districts, owe even more 
than to that of the venerated Rowland Lee. He 
elevated the character of the inhabitants of the border- 
land, removed animosities, conciliated the disaffected, 
opened out new sources of commerce, and won 
universal confidence and regard. He was able by his 
statesmanship, and courtesy, to complete the difficult 
task, so admirably begun by his predecessor, Rowland 
Lee. 

1 Shropshire Visitation of 1623 : Harleian Society. 

G. S. 



188 POWYSiANA. 

XLIV. DESCENT OF LLWYDIAKTH AND GLANLLYN. 

John Owen Vaughan.^Dorothy, dau. of Howel Vychan, Glanllyn. 

Owen Vaughan. Dorothy, married, 2ndly, Sitnon^f Andrew Meredith Etc. 
Thelwall of Plas y ward. of Glantanatt. 

: i 

Margaret, dau. and co-heiress.=f=Edward Thelwall of Plas y ward. 



Simon Thelwall=fThe Lady Margaret Sheffield, dau. of Edmund, Earl of 



of Plas y ward. 



Mulgrave, K.G. 



Edward Thelwall of=j=Sydney Wynn, heiress of Garthgynan and Branas. 
Plas y ward. 



Jane, eldest dau. and=j=Sir William Williams of Llanvorda, Bart. ; died 
co-heir. 1740. 



Sir Watkin Williams Wynn of Wynnstay and Llanvorda, Bart. ; Etc. 

died 1749. 
(Hengwrt MS. 96.) 

W. W. E. W. 



XLV. MARRIAGES OF WELSH PKINCESSES. 

Marriages of a daughter of Owen Cyfeilioc and of 
a daughter of Llewelyn, from Visitation of Shropshire, 
1424 A.D. 1 

" St. Peter of Cause. David le Bastard, Baron de 
Malpas, married Constance, filia Oweni Cyveliok, 
Principis Walliae." 

" Jo...es films Will', Brusse Bruse married Maretta, 
Margt. fil. Ll'ini Prin. Wallise." 

"(jfriffith ap Cadwgan, ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Prince 
of Powys, married Emma, daughter of a Princess of 
England. 

"Einma, daughter of Henry I, married David, Prince 

1 Extracted from the Visitation of /Salop, 1623 : Harleian Society, 
2 vols. 



POWYSIANA. 189 

of North Wales, son of Owen Gwynedd, Prince of 
North Wales, and was mother of an only daughter, 
and heir, Gwenlian, married to Griffith, younger son 
of Cadwgan, Lord Nannau, younger son of Bleddin ap 
Cynfyn, " King of Powys." (Burkes Peerage.} 

The Wynns of Gwydyr, and the Vaughans of 
Nannau, are descended from the Princess Emma. 

The poet Southey, in Madoc, incorrectly speaks of 
the Princess Emm,'*, as "the Plantagenet". 

G. S. 



XLVI. CLIVE-IANA. 

i. 

The OLIVES of Styche are spoken of by Lord Macaulay 
as settled on an estate of no great value, near Market 
Dray ton, Salop ; but they claimed a descent through 
the Fitz- Alans and the De Bohuns, from the Princess 
Elizabeth, daughter of King Edward I. 

ii. 

OLIVE displayed his unfailing acuteness and discrimin- 
ation of character in selecting for his pocket-borough 
of Bishop's Castle Alexander Wedderbourne, of Scotch 
extraction, who, as Solicitor-General, defended his friend 
with extraordinary force of argument and language. 
He was afterwards Lord Chancellor Loughborough and 
Earl of Rosslyn. 

iii. 

It was no matter of surprise that the second LORD 
CLIVE should have married the Lady Henrietta Antonia 
Herbert, fourth daughter of Henry Arthur, Earl of 
Powys ; for their residences of Walcot and Oakly Park 
were near one another in South Shropshire, and both 
noblemen were alike in wealth, and were ranged under 
the same political standard. 

iv. 

" EGBERT LORD CLIVE. Before the middle of the 
last century, Mr. Maskelyne, brother of Dr. Nevil 



190 POWYSIANA. 

Maskelyne, the Astronomer-Royal, went as a cadet to 
India, where he became acquainted with Mr. Olive, 
afterwards Lord Clive. The acquaintance ripened into 
intimate friendship, and led to constant association. 
There hung up in Mr. Maskelyne's room several por- 
traits, among others a miniature, which attracted 
Olive's frequent attention. One day, after the English 
mail had arrived, Clive asked Maskelyne if he had 
received any English letters, adding, ' We have been 
very much misunderstood at home, and much censured 
in London circles.' Maskelyne replied that he had, 
and read to his friend a letter he then held in his 
hand. A day or two after Clive came back to ask to 
have the letter read to him again. ' Who is the 
writer ?' inquired Clive. ' My sister/ was the reply ; 
' my sister, whose miniature hangs there.' ' Is it a 
faithful representation ?' further asked Clive. ' It is,' 
rejoined Maskelyne, ' of her face and form ; but it is 
unequal to represent the excellences of her mind and 
character.' ' Well, Maskelyne,' said Clive, taking him 
by the hand, 'you know me well, and can speak of me 
as I really am. Do you think that girl would be 
induced to come to India and marry me ? In the 
present state of affairs I dare not hope to be able 
to go to England.' Maskelyne wrote home, and so 
recommended Clive's suit, that the lady acquiesced, 
went to India, and, in 1753, was married at Madras 
to Clive, then rising to the highest distinction/' 
(B. R., p. 357.) 

v. 

"The title of BARON CLIVE of PLASSEY commemorates 
the services of one of the most eminent men connected 
with our Indian Empire. Oddly enough, after Clive 
had gained the famous battle of Plassey, in India, he 
was, on his return to England in 1762, raised to the 
peerage of Ireland, not of Great Britain, and the 
designation of the honour was ' of Plassey, in the 
county of Clare', where no such place existed. From 
the date of the creation of this Irish peerage neither 



POWYSIANA. 191 

Clive nor any one of his descendants took the neces- 
sary steps to have it placed officially on the Roll. A 
Lord Clive never sat in the Irish Parliament, nor was 
a Lord Clive entitled to vote at the election of repre- 
sentative peers until the year 1861, when the present 
Earl of Powis established before the Lords' Com- 
mittee for Privileges his right to the peerage honour 
of his illustrious ancestor." (Burkes Rise of Great 
Families, p. 44.) 

vi. 

" There are curious incidents in the history of a 
rare Salopian hero, for CLIVE was a real hero, apart 
from his gallantry in the field. The more we reflect 
upon his natural pluck, his daring in the face of 
difficulties, his bravery when he was bitterly assailed 
in Parliament, and the torture he had to endure there, 
the more ready are we to admit his claim to distinc- 
tion as a man, as well as his great prowess as a patriot 
soldier. According to the Genealogical Heralds, the 
Clives have been settled in Shropshire since the days of 
Henry the Second, and members of the family had 
distinguished themselves in various ways long before 
Robert Clive was born ; but it remained for this one 
son of the house to give it universal fame. When his 
son Edward Clive succeeded to his riches he was but a 
lad of twenty, and had to wait until he was forty 
before his Sovereign created him Baron Clive of 
Walcot in the British peerage. Ten years before that 
honour had been conferred upon him he married (in 
1784) Henrietta Antonia, daughter of Henry Arthur 
Herbert, Earl of Powis, and thenceforth the honour, 
wealth, and fame of the great Lord Clive became 
vested in the ancient border family of Powis Castle, 
who boast of their motto, ' Audacter et Sincere'." 
(Salopian Shreds and Patches, 15th June 1887.) 



192 POWYSIANA. 



XL VI I. THE RIVER CAMLAD. 

" The little river Camlad, or Camlet, rises in the 
Shelve or Shropshire Hills, and, winding through 
Marrington Dingle, waters the low lands of the parish 
of Cherbury, entering the Severn near Forden, in 
Montgomeryshire. The stream is well named, from 
the obsolete Celtic word Cam (meaning crooked or 
awry), which occurs in the name of two English 
rivers, besides others in Germany and Switzerland. 
Sir Roderick Murchison, in his Silurian System, speaks 
of the course of the Camlad down Marrington Dingle, 
in a direction the reverse of the ancient lines of drain- 
age, and remarks how the river has taken advantage 
of one of the last-formed rents that the volcanic 
action of this district' has produced. He adds : ' In 
following the banks of this little stream, from Church- 
stoke to the north-west, the traveller, who merely 
hears the gurgling of the waters, believes that he is 
ascending to its source, while, in reality, he is descend- 
ing towards the mouth ; and this, added to the known 
fact that the great drainage of the region is to the 
south-east, has led the country-people to say that the 
Camlet is the only river in Shropshire which runs up- 
hill'." (Salopian Shreds and Patches, 21st March 
1888.) 

XLVIII. MONTGOMERYSHIRE OLD DEEDS. 

About thirty years ago I purchased a large number 
of old deeds, bonds, and other documents of a legal 
nature from an itinerant bookseller, whose residence 
was in Shropshire. I could not get him to say where 
he had obtained them from, other than that they came 
from the office of a solicitor, who attached no value to 
them. Some of them I gave away, others were sold 
when I removed from the country to London. I have 
forty or fifty in my possession now. Some of them have 



POWYSIANA. 193 

been utilised by the Rev. W. Valentine Lloyd in his 
annotations on the Series of Montgomeryshire Wills 
which are being printed in these Collections. It has 
occurred to me that they might be of sufficient interest 
to be preserved in " Powysiana", as they all relate to 
the county of Montgomery, and might be of service in 
supplying missing links in the genealogy of old county 
families, and in other ways. I append a few as examples, 
proposing, as space will permit, to print the whole 
number. 

E. R. M. 



i. 

A LEASE. LLANDINAM. 

INDENTURE made 1 June, 18 Eliz. [1576], between Edward 
Blayney of Llandinam, gent., and Howell ap Thomas ap Owen 
of the same parish, gent. The said Edward Blayney, in 'con- 
sideration of the sum of 40s. in the name of a fine, granted to 
Howell ap Thomas ap Owen a lease for one-and-twenty years 
of a certain parcel of land, commonly called Dolle Vaby Brawd, 
situate in the township of Carnedd, in the aforesaid parish, 
and containing by estimation about v acres> the said Howell 
ap Thomas ap Owen to pay yearly as rent the sum of 6s. 8d., 
payable in two equal instalments at Lady-Day and Michaelmas, 
and at Christmas a couple of Capons in the name of a present. 
Witnessed by JEUN'IJ AP HO'LL aoz. 
MORYS AP HO'LL. 

ROBAET VADY and others. 

[English.] 

ii. 
A MARRIAGE SETTLEMENT. LLANDISILIO. 

Dated February 3, 1595[6]. 

Lewys Davies of Rhandregynwyn, gent., for diverse good 
causes and considerations him specially moving, gives and 
confirms to Thomas Lloyd of Domgey, gent., and Lewis ap 
Richard of Domgey, yeoman, all his messuages and lands 
situate in the towns and fields of Rhandregynwyn and Russ- 
nant, in the co. of Montgomery (except one field called Kae 
Karwerthe), to hold the said messuages and lands to the use 
of the aforesaid Lewys Davies for his natural life, and after to 
the use of William Lewys, son and heir-apparent of the afore- 
said Lewys Davies, and the heirs of the body of the aforesaid 

VOL. XXIV. O 



194 POWYSIANA. 

William begotten on the body of Margarete, verch Humfrey, 
whom he was about to marry; failing heirs, then to the right 
heirs of the said Lewys Davies for ever. 

Signed p' LOD. DAVIES. 
Seal, but broken. 

Witnesses (names written on the back of the document) 
JEFFREY AP DAUID. REES AP JEN'IJ. 
DAUID AP DAUID. RICHARD AP WILLIAM. 
Teste GRUFFINO LLOYD. GRIFFITH AP D'D AP /mws(?) 
Teste GR. OWEN. DAVID AP RICHARD et alios. 

[Latin.] 

iii. 

BOND, dated llth February, 40 Elizabeth [1598], TREFEGLWYS. 
Given to Myles Gwyn of Llanidloes, gentleman, by leuann 
ap Ednevet and Gruffino Evans, of the parish of Trefeglwys, 
gentlemen, in the penal sum of Eighty pounds. 

The condition of the obligation was that Myles Gwyn, his 
heirs and assigns, should be permitted to occupy and enjoy 
for ever one parcel of meadow-land, containing by estimation 
about three acres, together with a house builded upon the 
same, called Gwerglodd-y-Degymdy, situate in the Township 
of Bodaioch, in the pai-ish of Trefeglwys and county of Mont- 
gomery, and then in the occupation of the above leuann ap 
Ednevet, or of John Gwyn, Clerk; and if the said leuann ap 
Ednevet, within the space of three months, should, at the cost 
and charges of the said Myles Gwyn, give to the latter such 
writings as would be approved by some person learned in the 
law, Then this Bond was to be void and of none effect. 

Signed, etc. At foot, the X of leuann Ednevet. In the 

presence of 

Teste LODO. GWYN. xi ffebr. 1597[8]. 

MA. PRYCE, Test. JOHN DAVIES, Cl'ico. 
LEWYS EDNYVET. 
[Latin Englished.] 

iv. 

A MORTGAGE. TREFEGLWYS. 

Dated the 3rd of February 1095-6. 

To all faithful Christians to whom this present Indented 
writing may come, greeting, Know that I, Riceus ap Jenkyn 
ap Owen, of the parish of Trefeglous, in the county of Mont- 
gomery, gentleman, divers good causes and considerations me 
specially moving, have given, conceded, and enfeoffed, and by 
this present indented writing of mine confirm to Evan ap 
Jenkyn of Knighton, in the county of Radnor, gentleman, 



POWYSIANA. 195 

all that my messuage or tenement lying and being in the town- 
ship of Tredolgooden, in the parish of Trefeglvvys aforesaid, 
with all lands and appurtenances thereunto belonging, formerly 
in the tenure or occupation of Moris Evans, joiner, and also 
one parcel of wood called . Owm gwa.se coch, containing 
by estimation four acres more or less, and another parcel 
of meadow land called Rose Kylkighwyn, containing by 
estimation four acres more or less, and all lands, arable and 
pasture, to the said parcels of wood and meadow belonging, to 
have and to hold the said messuage and premises with its 
appurtenances, to the aforesaid Jevan ap Jenkin, his heirs 
and assigns for ever, to the sole and proper use of the said 
Jevan ap Jenkyn, his heirs and assigns for ever, subject to 
the rent due and payable to the Chief Lord of Fee, as of right 
accustomed, subject to the following condition, namely, if I, 
the aforesaid Riceus ap Jenkyn, my heirs, executors, or assigns, 
well and truly pay to the said Jevan ap Jenkyn, his heirs, exe- 
cutors, or assigns, the sum of Fifty pounds and ten shillings of 
good and lawful money of England, on the Feast of .the 
Annunciation of the Blessed Mary the Virgin, in the years 
1599, 1602, 1604, or 1608, in the Church of Llanidloes, 
between the hours of ten in the forenoon and three in the 
afternoon, that then the said Jevan ap Jenkyn, his heirs, 
executors, or assigns, should reassign and deliver the aforesaid 
premises to the said Riceus ap Jenkyn, his heirs or assigns. 
In the interim, the said Riceus bound himself to warrant and 
defend the title of Jevan ap Jenkyn to the said premises 
against all men. 

Seal, but broken. 
On the back the following : 

Redd, sealed, and delivered, with Livery and Seisin, exe- 
cuted in the house upon the premises, and by "twigge 
and twrff ", in the sight and presens of 

THOMAS BOOWNE. 

JOHN BRYNTON. 

HUGH AP LEWYS. 
[Latin.] JOHN JONES, Clerk. 

XLIX. MURDER OF A MAN NAMED HANNIBAL ON 
POOL STREET, IN 1643. 

There is a curious set of Depositions on Gaol File 
No. 15 (1-24 Charles I) touching the slaying of a man 
named Hannibal on Pool Street, by Charles Jones, 



196 POWYSIANA. 

supposed son of Koger Jones, gentleman, on the 29th 
of May 1643. There were several witnesses, and the 
incident is set out at considerable length. 

E. R M. 



L. THE MANOR OF ARWYSTLI. 

At the Great Sessions held at Pool on the 27th of 
March 1712, Edward Wilson, Esq., of Bwlchyllyn, 
gentleman, appeared before Sir J. Jekyll, as also did 
several other persons, who swore to several depositions, 
all relating to the prosecution of a juryman for not 
attending the Court Leet of the Manor. These de- 
positions give an insight into the way the business 
connected with the Court was managed in those days. 

E. R. M. 



LI. EVAN GLYNNE OF GLYNNE, ESQ. 

At the Great Sessions held at Pool on 3rd May 1728 
an indictment was preferred against the above gentle- 
man on suspicion of having murdered one Evan 
Humphreys, in a brawl at Llanidloes. The depositions 
connected with this indictment are lengthy. Some, if 
not most of the gentlemen of the period, wore side- 
arms usually light rapiers. It was with one of these 
that the man was slain, 

E. E. M. 



111. THE PRYCES OF NEWTOWN HALL. 

At the Great Sessions held at Welshpool, 17 March 
1777, Sir Edward Manley Pryce was indicted for 
shooting at two persons in Newtown Hall Park, but 
the Bill was " Ignored". It is more than likely 
that these "two persons" were desirous of serving 
some legal process upon this unfortunate but in- 
fatuated young gentleman, who was an officer in the 



POWYSIANA. 197 

Guards, and who got entangled in the meshes of a set 
of money-lenders in a most insidious way, the par- 
ticulars of which, if set forth in these pages, would show 
that the last of the Pryce family of Newtown Hall 
was more to be commiserated with than blamed. 

E. R M. 



LIU. THE WYVERN A MYTHICAL MAMMAL THE 
HERBERT CREST. 

The wy vern is essentially an English beast, and in 
olden times was much accredited and respected. Little 
information can be gathered about him, and he is gene- 
rally, if not always, confounded with the more widely 
known dragon, whom he greatly resembles. In ap- 
pearance the wyvern seems to have been a cross 
between the dragon and cockatrice. He chiefly re- 
sembles the latter, however, retaining the head of a 
dragon. Usually the wyvern is without spurs, and is 
fashionable enough to be wasp-waisted. The wyvern 
is colloquially spoken of as a "worm", and, as every 
dweller in the North knows, acted in that capacity at 
Lambton many years ago. The " Laidly Worm" of 
Spindleston Heugh may also be mentioned. Near 
Dundee, in Forfarshire, there is a well called the "Nine 
Maidens' Well", in the locality of Pitempton. A 
wyvern lay in wait at this well, and devoured nine 
maidens who had come to draw water. Martin, the 
lover of one of the victims, determined to kill the 
wyvern or perish in the attempt. Accordingly he 
attacked it with a club, and, after a running fight, 
slew it in a morass at Martinstane. In the river Lug, 
near Mordiford, in Herefordshire, a condemned criminal 
saved his life by taking that of a wyvern. Like 
dragons, wyverns frequent marshy districts, and also 
apply fennel to their eyes in order to make their sight 
more keen. (Anon.) 



198 



POWYSIANA. 



LIV. RAINFALL IN 1889 AT DOLFOR, IN THE COUNTY 
OF MONTGOMERY. 

ABOVE SEA LEVEL, 1,027 feet. 









Number 


Month . 


Total Depth. 


Greatest fall in 24 hours. 


of Days on 
which - 01 








or more fell. 




Inches. 


Depth. 


Date. 




January 


1.38 


0.33 


9 


11 


February 


1.78 


0.45 


10 


18 


March 


3.86 


1.69 


8 


16 


April ... 


5.33 


1.64 


8 


22 


May 


3.40 


0.69 


11 


16 


June ... 


0.39 


0.14 


2 


6 


July 


3.38 


1.39 


13 


17 


August 


3.62 


0.73 


21 


22 


September ... 


. 2.30 


0.94 


23 


13 


October 


4.32 


0.42 


3 


25 


November 


1.70 


0.45 


24 


12 


December 


2.45 


0.36 


20 


13 


Total 


33.91 






191 


1888 


39.49 






206 



W. B. PUGH. 



LV. JONES OF CAROG. MARRIAGE SETTLEMENT. 

16 June, 33 Charles II. 

INDENTURE OP SETTLEMENT of this date made between Morgan 
Jones of Garog, co. Montgomery, gentleman, and David Jones, 
sonne and heire apparent of the said Morgan Jones, of the 
first part ; Morgan Lloyd of Llangurig, gentleman, and 
John Morgan of the parish of Llanbrynmair, gentleman, and 
Bice Parry of Pennall, co. Merioneth, gentleman, of the second 
part ; and Richard Morgan of Gaylan, co. Montgomery, 
gentleman, of the third part. In consideration of an intended 
marriage between the said David Jones and Jane Morgan, 
second daughter of the said Richard Morgan, and of the sum 
of fourscore and seven pounds, marriage portion by the said 
Richard Morgan with his daughter unto the said Morgan 



POWYSIANA. 199 

Jones and David Jones paid, a farm called Tything Carog, 
another called Carog issa, alias Gvvern y Kyllin, alias Tythyn 
Newidd, and a lynen or dying house called Llyest y nghw . . 
situate in the Townships of Penan t Troy me and Dolgadfan, in 
the parish of Llanbryntnair, were conveyed by Morgan Jones 
and David Jones to Morgan Lloyd, John Morgan, and Rice 
Parry, to uses in favour of the said David Jones and Jane Morgan, 
his intended wife, and their issue. There is mention therein 
of " John Davies, gentleman, late father of the said Morgan 
Jones" ; also of " Bridget Lloyd, mother of the said Morgan 
Jones". 

J. M. E. J. 



LVI. POSTSCRIPT TO THE " EPISODE IN THE HISTORY 
OF NEWTOWN". 

(Mont. Coll., vol. xxiii, p. 315.) 

As a curious instance how a comparatively distant 
past is sometimes linked to the present in the person 
of one individual, I may mention that Mr. George 
Humphreys of Newtown, who is now (March 1890) 
eighty-two years of age, well remembers Lewis Williams 
and John Stanley, the two bailiffs who levied the 
distress on Mrs. Vaughan's goods in November 1769, 
as stated in the article above referred to. One of 
them lived at the Elephant Hotel ; the other at the 
Blue Bell Inn, Newtown. 

It may also be added that Mrs. Vaughan's pitch- 
mark, "B.V.", is still used at the Yew-tree Farm in 
Kerry parish, and is well known in this neighbour- 
hood. This may be accounted for by the fact of Mr. 
Matthews, a relative of Mrs. Vaughan, having resided 
at the Yew-tree up to about twelve or fourteen years 
ago. 

E. W. 



200 POWYSIANA. 

LVII. ADMINISTRATIONS. 

(See "Mont. Coll.," Vol. xxii, p. 250.) 

The following supplies the dates of the administra- 
tions which were accidentally omitted. 

1626 25 April 75 Thomas Davids. 

1627 24 May 150 Humphrey Davies. 
29 July 163 Robert Ingram. 

17 July 163 Edward Wynne. 

1628 8 May 22 Rowland Morgan. 

1629 24 April 86 Elizabeth ap David ah. Beamond. 
1628-9 17 Mar. 81 Sir Edward Fox Knight. 

1629 14 May 96 David Griffith. 

1 628-9 5 Mar. 80 Sir Richard Hussey Knight. 

1629 22 Dec. 136 Robert David Oliver. 
20 July 106 Thomas Oliver. 

9 April 86 Gwen Smith. 

1630 13 Oct. 194 Thomas Richard ap Evan. 
29 Sept. 190 John Bache. 



201 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY 

EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES, WITH NOTES. 
BY R. WILLIAMS, F.R.HisT.S. 



1662, October 6th (14 Charles II). Presentments of the 
Grand Jury at the Great Sessions held at Pool. After sundry 
presentments, for which see Mont. Coll., vol. vii, pp. 224-5. 

Item They doe p'sent Moris Williams of Collfryn, in the 
said County, Coop'r, for the like [i.e., absenting himself from 
church for three months]. 1 

Item The said Jurors upon theire oath p'sent that John 
Meredith of Kernes, in the said County, gent., is an obstinate 
sectarian, and hath absented himself from coming to the 
church for the space of three months, and alsoe they p'sent the 
p'sons subscribed for the like, viz. : 

Humffrey Thomas Morris of Machynlleth, weaver. 
David Cadd'r of the same, weaver. 



1 By the 1 Eliz., cap. ii, sec. 14, it was enacted that all persons 
" shall dilligently and faithfully, having no lawful or reasonable 
excuse to be absent, endeavour themselves to resort to their parish 
church or chapel accustomed, or upon reasonable let thereof, to some 
usual place where common prayer and such service of God shall be 
used in such time of let, upon every Sunday and other days ordained 
and used to be kept as holy days, aud then and there to abide orderly 
and soberly during the time of the common prayer, preaching, or 
other service of God there to be used and ministred, upon pain of 
punishment by the censures of the church, and also upon pain that 
every person so offending shall forfeit for every such offence twelve 
pence, to be levied by the churchwardens of the parish where such 
offence shall be done, to the use of the poor of the same parish, of 
the goods, lands, and tenements of such offender, byway of distress." 
By a subsequent Act (the 23rd Eliz., cap. i, sec. 5) this penalty was 
increased to 20 for every month which the offender should forbear 
to go to church. 

VOL. XXIV. P 



202 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

Ralph Robotham 1 of Dolgadfan [Llanbrynmair], 

yeom. 
William Jones of Pennant twym [yn~Llanbrynmair], 

labourer. 

John Tybbotts 2 of Tavolwerne [Llanbrynmair], yeom. 
William Mills of Llanwonog, fFeltmaker. 
Ralph Steele 3 of Llanbrynmaire, labourer. 
Edward Irish of the same, fFeltmaker. 
Daniel Brees of the same, labourer. 
William Perkins of Churchstoke, and Margaret his 

wife, for the like. 
Thomas Wilcocks, yeom., of the same, and his wife 

for the like. 
William Beu'sley of Carnoe, and his wief, for the like. 

Item They p'sent Charles Lloyd of Dolobran, gent., 4 for 
monthely absenting himself from church, contrary to the 
statute in that case made and p'vided. 

Item William David of Pennyarth [Llanfair], for the like. 

1663, August 10th. Presentments at Great Sessions held 
at Llanfyllin. (See Mont. Coll., vol. vii, p. 228.) 

1663, August 14th. The returne of Richard Griffith, one of 
the High Constables of the Hundred of Llanidloes. 

He doth p'sent William Milles, of the p'ishe of Llanunoog, 
felt-maker, for that he, the said William, hath not bin in his 
p'she church or elsewhere at Divine service or sermons to 
my knowledge in my allotment for the space of these three 
months now last past. 

By me, RICHD. GRIFFITH. 

WATKYN KYFFIN, Esq., Sheriff. 

1663, October 12th. Presentments at the Great Sessions 
held at Llanfyllin. 



1 His name appears on the Grand Jury List, 1654-5. See Mont. 
Coll. vii, p. 201. 

2 The Rev. Richard Tibbott, an eminent Nonconformist minister 
in the following century, came of this family. 

3 The Burials Register of Llanbrynmair contains an entry of the 
burial of " Ranulph Steel" on 1st November 1674. 

4 He -was the eldest son of Charles Lloyd of Dolobran by Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas Stanley of Knockin. He and his brother, 
Thomas Lloyd, and their families became Quakers, and suffered 
much persecution and imprisonment. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 203 

Item Wee present Percy lord Powys 1 for a popish Recus- 
ant. 2 

Hem We p'sent William Herbert, esquier, 3 for the like. 

Item We p'sent William Penryn, esquier, 4 and Gwen his 
wife, for the like. 

Item We p'sent William Evans, Harry Thomas Owen, 
Richard Owen, and Lewis ap Hugh, of the p'sh of 
for keeping of Conventicles and absenting themselves from 
their p'she church for the space of haulfe a yeare now last past. 

Item Wee p'sent Thomas Wilcock the younger, of the p'she 
of Churchstock, and Mary his wife, for not frequenting their 
p'she [church] upon the Lord's dayes for the space of three 
months. 

Item Wee p'sent William Perkinson of the same, and 
Mary his wife, for the like. 

Item We p'sent William Knaseborough, John Knase- 
borough, George Knaseborough, gent., for popish Recusants. 

Item We p'seut David Roberts for the like. 

Item Wee p'sent George Ffox, gent., 6 Clement 7 field, 
Thomas ffield, and John Ruffe, for the like. 



1 He was the second Lord Powis. He was " a noble author over- 
looked by Horace Walpole ; a loyal sufferer unnoticed by David 
Lloyd ; a Welshman omitted from the useful biographical dictionary 
of the Rev. Robert Williams ; and a Roman Catholic who was appar- 
ently unknown to Dodd" (Mont. Coll., v, p. 184). He died 19th 
Jan. 1666-7, and was buried at Welshpool (ib., 188). 

2 Besides the above-mentioned penalties for not attending church, 
it was enacted by 23 Eliz., cap. i, sec. 4, " that every person which 
shall willingly hear mass shall forfeit the sum of one hundred marks, 
and suffer imprisonment for a year." 

3 He was the eldest son of the above-named Percy Lord Powis, by 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Craven. He was advanced to 
the dignity of Marquis of Powis, and afterwards created Duke of 
Powis by James II, after his leaving England. He married Lady 
Elizabeth Somerset, daughter of Edward Marquis of Worcester. 
He followed the King in his exile and forfeited all his estates by so 
doing. He died 2nd June 1696, and was buried at St. Germains. 
(Mont. Coll., v, 190, 353.) 

4 Of Rhysnant in Deuddvvr. 

5 The name of the parish is left in blank, but the Return came 
from the Hundred of Machynlleth. 

6 Of Rheteskin. 

7 Of Tirymynech, Guilsfield, smith. (See Mont. Coll., vii, p. 192.) 

p 2 



204 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

Item We p'sent Tho. Price 1 of Llanvillinge, and John 
House of the same, for being popish recusants. 

Jurors. 

Edward Powell. Lewis Vaughan. 

Rich. Griffithes. Lewis Jones. 

William Vaughan. David Thomas. 

Rich. Griffithes. Owen Bynner. 

Lewis Jones. Edward Pool (?). 

Lewis Evans. Oliver Jones. 

Humfrey Price. Watkin Evans. 

Robert Griffith Jones. Roger Edward. 

1663, October. The Chief Constables of the Hundred of 
Llanfyllin, in their Presentment to the Grand Jury, presented 
the following, which are not in the Presentment made by the 
Grand Jury. 

He doth likewise p'sent Mychaell Pymley of Bachie, in the 
parish of Llanfylling, and his wife, for not frequenting their 
p'ish church. 

He doth likewise p'sent Walter Griffith 2 of Llanvilling and 
his wife, for not frequenting their p'ish church upon 
the Lord's Dayes. 

He also p'sents John ffoulks of Llanvillinge for the like. 

by me, THOMAS CADD'R. 

William Thomas 3 de Llanbrynmair, Petty Juror. 
Watkyn Kyffin, Ar., Sheriff. 

1665, March 12th. Thomas Davies and Watkin Evans, 
High Constables of the Hundred of Mathraval, had nothing to 
present, but the said Watkin Evans p'sented Edwd. David and 
John David of Kyffin, for neglecting to come and Bepaire to 
church upon Sabbath dayes to heare Divine service. 

THO. DAVIES. 

WATKIN EVANS. 



1 Known as Price the Papist, a Welsh antiquary, who collected 
many vols. of Welsh MSS., which were sent to the Vatican Library. 

2 He was a leading Nonconformist (Independent) at Llanfyllin. 
The Llanfyllin halfpenny, of which an engraving is given in Mont. 
Coll., ii, p. 62, bears his name and arms. He was of good family, 
and had been Bailiff of Llanfyllin. 

3 He lived at Pentre, Llanbrynmair, and was the ancestor of 
Mr. Gwilym Williams of that place, who in 1856 sold his ancient 
patrimony and emigrated to America. (See " Hist, of Llanbryn- 
mair", Mont. Coll., xxii, p. 59.) 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 205 

The Presentment of Edward Austen, one of the High Con- 
stables of the Hundred of Deythur. 

I doe p'sent William Penrin, esq., and Gwen his wife, for 
not cominge to church not for three months' time last past. 

By me, EDWARD AUSTEN. 

The Presentment of Usnam Gittins and David Austine, Chief 
Constables of the Hundred ofNewtown. 

****** 

Likewise wee present Humfrey Steaven of Pencoyd, for not 
coming to church ; John Hancock of tre-ganoll for the same ; 
Lucy Jones, friend, of Garthmill, for the same (Harry 
Williams). 1 

Thomas Tudge of Aberhafespe for the same. 
Lewis Turner of the same p'ish for the same. 
Richard Tudge of Bettws for the same. 

USNAM GITTINS. 
DAVID AUSTINE. 

1665, March 15th. The P'sentm't of ye high Constables of 
the Hundred of Mountgom'y sayeth that they p'sent the wife 
of Edward Rogers, of ye p'ish of Kerry, for not coming to her 
p'ish Church for ye space of 3 monthes last past. William 
Perkyson and his wife for ye like, and Thomas Willcox and 
his wife, for ye like, both of ye p'ish of Churchstoke. 

by us, RICH. MORRIS. 

MATTHEW EDWARD. 

1665. The Returne of Owen Meredith, one of the Chieffe 
Constables off ye hundred of Llanidloes. 

Whoe sayeth that there is no defects, defaults, or enormi- 
ties within his Allotment, but onelie the p'sons undernamed 
that neglects cominge to church upon Sabboth dayes to my 
knowledge. 

Evan Lloyd 2 off Llangiricke. 
Edward Lloyd 3 of the same. 
Richard Rees of the same. 
Rees Jenkyn of the same. 
Alleth Morris of the same. 

OWEN MEREDITH. 

1 This doubtless was the celebrated Nonconformist, Henry 
Williams of Scafell, Llanllwchaiarn. (For his Life, see Mont. Coll., 
vol. iv, p. 169.) 

2 Of Bwlchygarreg, Llangurig. Probably a younger son of Rhys 
Lloyd, Esq. of Clochfaen. (See Mont. Coll., vii, p. 214.) 

3 Probably the eldest son of Rhys Lloyd. (Ibid.} 



206 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

At the Greate Sessions held att Poole w'hin the sayd 
County, the 12th day of March 1665. 

The p'sentm't of ye grand Jury for the sayd County. 

**#*** 

We doe p'sent HumfFrey Steeven of Pencoed, John Han- 
cocke of Tregannolle, Lucy Jones, Widd., of Garthmill, Lewis 
Turner of Aberhavesp, Henry Williams of the same, Thomas 
Tudge of the same, Richard Tudge of Bettws, uxor Edwd. 
Eogers of Kerry, William Perkinson et uxor, of Churchstoke, 
Thomas Willcocks et uxor, of the same, Evan Lloyd of Llan- 
gurig, Edward Lloyd of the same, Richard Rees of the same, 
Rees Jenkins of the same, Alice [qu. Alleth ?] Morris of the 
same, for not repering to their seu'all p'ish Churches for the 
space of three monthes last past. 

EDWARD KINASTON, Ar., Sheriff. 

Grand Jurors Machynlleth Hundred. 

Rowland Pugh 
*Joh'es 1 Pugh de Mathavaru, Ar. 

Hurnfridus Pugh de Caersewddan, Gen. 

Rowlandus Gwynn de Noddfa, 

*Ric'us Meredith de eadem, 

Edr'us Pugh de Penrhose, ,, 

*Griffinus Morgan de Caehilen, 

Edr'us ap Richard Humfrey de Uwchygarreg, Get). 
*01iverus Morris de Blaenglesig, Gen. 
*John Ellis de eadem. 

1667, September 6th (19 Car. II). At Montgomery. Pre- 
sentment of the Grand Jury. 

Wee, the Jurors now sworn and impannelled to enquire for 
our Sovereigne lord the King, doe present William Perkinson 
and his wife, both of Churchstoke, and Thomas Wilcocke of 
Hurdley, and his wife, for not coming to Churche, and Ann, 
the wife of Richard Evans of the same, for a common curser 
and disturber of her neighbours, besides w'ch wee have 
nothing at this tyme to present otherwise than appears by the 
Bills and Presentments hereunto annexed, to w'ch wee referre 
ourselves. 

Jurors (Inquisitio Magnet). 

John "HI od well. 

Morgan Evans. 

Charles Jones [of Rhandir]. 

AVilliam Thomas [of Llanbrynmair], 

1 Those marked with a * were sworn on the Jury. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 207 

Athelstan Morris. 

Nicholas Waring [of Woolstynmynd]. 

Ambros Gethin [of Cloddia]. 

ffra. Reighnolds (Junior) [of Rhandir]. 

Edward Jones [of Bryntalch]. 

Peter Young [of Rhyteskin]. 

William Lloyd [of Woolstynmynd]. 

William Meiricke [of Churchstoke]. 

Richd. Evans [of Carno]. 

Morris John ap Morris [of Llanfihangel]. 

1668 (20 Charles II). At the Great Sessions held at Pool 
on the 19th April, 20 Ch. II, the Grand Jury made the follow- 
ing Presentments : 

We p'sent Win. Beu'sley, of the parish of Trefeglwys, and his 
wife, for absenting themselves from their p'ish Church for the 
space of three monthes last past att the tyme of Divine 
service. 

We p'sent Eich. Williams, of the Township of Kilkewyth, for 
keepinge a Tipling Alehouse and sellinge Ale at seu'all Sabboth 
dayes at the tyme of Devine service, and p'ticularly the last 
lord's day. 

We p'sent William Bownd and his wife for absentinge them- 
selves from their p'ish Church at the time of Devine service for 
the space of 3 months last past (they being inhabitants of ye 
township of Dithenith. 1 Geordge Jenkin of the same, for the 
like. 

Grand Jurors summoned Hundred of Machynlleth. 

John Jones, Blaenglesich [Llanwrin], Gen. 

Wm. Thomas de Tavolvverne [Llanbrynmair], Gen. 

David Morgan de Pennant [Llanbrynmair], 

Andreas Owen de ead. [Llanbrynmair], 

John Rowlands, Ysygarreg [Machynlleth], 

John Evan Howell, Uwchcoed [Penegoes], 

Edw. Hughes de Tavolwerne [Llanbrynmair], 

Edw. David ap Richard de Tavolog [Cemmes], 

John Pugh de Uwchygarreg, Gen. 

Henricus Parry de Machynlleth. 

Lewis Morgan de Caersethan [Darowen], Gen. 

Edw. Pughe de Yscoid [Penegoes], Gen. 

Presentment of Lewis Jones and Robert Thomas, high Con- 
stables of the Hundred of Pool, dated October 12th, 1668. 
We present George Fox and his wife, and Thomas Ffield and 

1 Parish of Llandinam. 



208 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

his wife, and Edmund ffield and Thomas ap Richard and his 
wife, recusants. ROBERT THOMAS. 

LEWIS JONES. 

Presentments of the Grand Jury made at the Great Sessions 
held at Pool on the 12th October 1668. 

Fftrst, wee present Wm. Perkins and Sarah his wife, beinge 
Inhabitants w'hin the parish of Churchstoke, for not comeing 
to heare divine Service in ye p'ish Churche of Churchstoke 
aforesaid. 

Wee doe p'sent Edd. Evans of Llanywared, 1 in ye County 
aforesaid, Gen., William Evans of the same, Morris Jenkins of 
the same, Rees Phillipp of Glynbrochan, 1 in the County afores'd, 
Yeoman, and fflorence his wiefe, Edd. Lloyd of Kevenywodey 1 
and Margaret his wife, Mary Lloyd, Wid., of Kevenywodey 
afores'd, Aleth Morris of Glyngynwith, in the afores'd County, 
for yt they and eu'y of them for the whole year last past have 
neglected to come to hear Divine service at ye p'ishe Church 
of Llangirricke in the County afores'd, being ye p'per p'ishe 
Churche wherein they reside. 

Signed by Jurors. 
Ric. Owen, Gen. [Rhiwsaeson, Llanbrynmair]. 



Edw. Owen, 
Edward Pughe, 
Jo. Wilson, 
Jo. Morgan, 
John Powell, 
Tho. Home, 
Evan Jones, 
Matthew Edd's, 
Morris Jones, 
Jo'n Evans, 



Tenyrallt, Llanidloes] . 
Penrhos]. 
Trefeglwys]. 
Glynbrochan]. 
"Bacheldre]. 
Hyssington], 
Dolfor, Kerry]. 
Trellan, Kerry]. 
Cefnyvastre, Kerry]. 
"Tredderwen fawr]. 



David 2 Thomas ap Owen, Gen. 

Richard' 2 Whitefield, Gen. 

Griffith, D.D., 3 Gen. [Llanbrynmair]. 

EVAN LLOYD, Esq., Sheriff. 

1669, 21 Charles II. Great Sessions held at the town of 
Poole, 6th September, 21 Ch. II. 

I, David Evans, Gent., one of ye Grand Jurie, doe p'sent 

1 Parish of Llangurig. These were probably Quakers. 

2 Neither of these were on the panel of the Grand Jurors sum- 
moned. 

3 Of Coedcae, the ancestor of Mrs. Seymour Davies of Dolgadfan 
and Plas Esgair. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 209 

Kichard Juckes of Llanvayer, in the said com', yeom', and 
Jane his wief, for not comeinge to their p'ish churche to 
heare Divyne service, accordinge to the Statute. 

by me, DA. EVANS. 

Presentment of the Bridge called Pont Eobert ap Oliver 
als. " Pont y ddole feiniog". 

Inquisitio magna (summoned) Hundred of Machynlleth. 
Morgan Dd., Uchgoed, Gen. 
Walter Price, Ysygarreg, Gen. 
Griffith Dd., Tavolwerne, Gen. 
Morrice Griffith, Gwernybwlch, Gen. 
Kowland Edwards, Gwernybwlch, Gen. 
Griffith Evan, Noddfa, Gen. 
Lewis Morgan, Caerseddfan, Gen. 
Rich. Morgan, Pennant wyu, Gen. 
John Pugh, Uchygarreg, Gen. 
Edward ap Rich, D.D., Gen. 
Francis Rowland, Gen. 
Edwd. ap Rich Humphreys, Gen. 

ROBERT OWEN, Esq., Sheri/. 

1670, 22 Chas. II. The Great Sessions held at the Town 
of Montgomery, the 26th September 1670. 

Sheriff, CHARLES LLOYD, Barrt. 

Inquisitio Magna. 
Hundred de Nova Villa. 

1 Jur. Sr.Mathew Pryce de Dyffrynllanvaire [Newtown], Barronett, * 

Georgius Deu'eux 2 de Vaynor [Berriew], Ar. 
WilPus Pryce de Llanllygan, Ar. 

4 Jur. Wm. Pryce de Vachwen, Gen. 

Joh'es Bushop de Dyffryn Llanvaire, Gen. 

5 Jur. Thomas Pryce de Ucheldre Bettus, Gen. 

Will'us Pryce de Aberbechan [Llanllwchaiarn], Gen. 
Will' us Syer de Aberhaley [Tregynon], Gen. 

Machinlleth H. 

2 Jur. Ric'us Herbert de Dolgiog, 3 Ar. 

Rowlandus Owen de Mathanlleth, Ar. 

1 He was the second Baronet of Newtown Hall, was Sheriff in 
1659-60, and was an ardent Royalist. He died in 1674. 

2 He was the ancestor of the present Viscount Hereford, and was 
Sheriff in 1673. 

3 He married Florence, sister of Edward and Henry, third and 
fourth Lords Herbert of Chirbury of the first line, and was the 
direct ancestor of the present Earl of Powis. 



210 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

Meredicus David de Glyncairig, Gen. 
Edr'us Pughe de Penrhoes [Penegoes], Gen. 
Morganus Dauid de Penigoes, Gen. 
Eowland Meredith de Groft, Gen. 

Llanydloes H. 
Edr'us Lloyd de Berthlloyd, Ar. 

6 Jur. Wythen Jones de Trewythen, Gen. 

Vincet Pierce de Llanwnog, Gen. 

7 Jur. Morganus Evans de Garno, Gen. 

8 Jur. Rio' us Ingram 1 de Glynhafren, Gen. 

Moris Bowen de Denthienidd, Gen. 
Edr'us Bennett de Dolgooden, Gen. 
Pbillippus Swancott de Manleth, Gen. 



H. 

Eob'tus Griffithes de Sutton, Ar. 

Ric'us Herbert de Kevenymynach 2 [Kerry], Ar. 

Edr'us Pryce de Kelroyth, Ar. 

Jur. Edr'us Whittingham de Kelliberissa [Kerry], Gen. 
Jur. Joh'es Pughe de Kelroeth, Gen. 
Jur. Sampson Pughe de Mellington, Gen. 

Joh'es Lewis de Hopton, Gen. 

Ambrosius Gethyn de Clothie [Kerry]. Gen. 

Thomas Evans de Brynllowarch [Kerry], Gen. 
Jur. John Edd's de Graig [Kerry]. 

Mathravall H. 

John Edwards de Pentyrch, Gen. 
Evanus Gwynne de Kylyrych, Gen. 
Rob'tus ap Olivir de Kenhinva, Gen. 
Dauid William de Brynglas [Llanfair], Gen. 
Evanus Lloyd de Mathravall, Gen. 
Henricus Davies de Kevenyllys, Gen. 
Thomas Morris de Coedtalog, Gen. 
Evanus Dauies de Bryngwaethan, Gen. 

Llanvilling H. 

Joh'es Kyffin de Bodvach, 3 Ar. 
Edwardus Wynne de Nantmeichied, Gen. 
Joh'es Lloyd de Bodython, Gen. 
Cadd'r Watkin de Nantycyndy, Gen. 
Dauid Ellis de Rhiwargor [Llanwyddyn], Gen. 
Ric'us Dauies de Pennyarth, Gen. 
Will'us Griffith de Mayne, Gen. 
Rob'tus Jones de Cornorion, Gen. 

1 Sheriff in 1680. 

2 Of Cwmydalfa (?). He was the ancestor of the Herberts of Dol- 
forgan. 3 sheriff in 1678. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 211 

Cau'se H. 

Joh'es Blodwell de Cruggion, Ar. 
Joh'es Oakley de Bachelldre, Gen. 
Thomas Bowdler de Middletowne, Gen. 
Jur. Nicholas Wareinge de Woolaston rnynd, Gen. 

Henricus Parry de Llan'chodol, Gen. 
. Thomas Crump de Uppington. 

Hundred de Pola. 
Thomas Lloyd de Trowscoed, Ar. 
Ric'us Mytton de Street y fyrnwy, Ar. 
Walterius Griffithes de Llanvechen, Gen. 
Dauid Evans de Llan'chrochwel, Gen. 
Will'us Lloyd de ffinnant, Gen. 
Stephanus Evans de Llanvechen, Gen. 
Jur. Nathaniel Vaughan de Tirymynych, Gen. 
Ludovicus Evans de Llan'throchwell, Gen. 

Deuthor H. 

Will'us Eyton de Rhysnant, Ar. 
Will'us Derwas de Penrhynvechan, Gen. 
Edmundus Pryce de Trewylan, Gen. 
Thomas Colfox de Baulsley, Gen. 
Jacobus Lawton de Collfryn, Gen. 
Rob'tus Dauies de Tretherwen, Gen. 
Jur. George Talbott. 

Presentment of Robert Hughes and Richard Purcell, Chief 
Constables of the Hundred of Caurse. 

****** 

Alsoe wee doe p'sent John Gittins for not comeing to 
church this six months agoe. 

I, Robert Griffiths, one of the high constables of the hundred 
of Poole, doe p'sent William Lewis of Garth, gent, and his 
weiffe, for not comeing to their p'ish church to hear devine 
servis and sermon, beinge Quakers, and I doe certifie that I 
have noe more to p'sent at p'sent to my knowledge, but all is 
fairly well in my allotment, 

By me, ROBERT GRIFFITHES, Chicjfe Constable. 

1670, Sept. 27. The Returne of Richard Powell, one of the 
High Constables of the Hundred of Machynlleth. 

I doe p'sent and say that Harry Thomas, of the p'ish of 
Machynlleth iu the said County, is one of the sect called 
Quakers, and (by report) often sufi'ereth seu'all persons of the 
same sect to meet at his house. 

RICHARD POWELL. 



212 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY: 

Mr. Prothon[otary]. 

Admit Richard Jewkes and Jane his wife to appear 
to an Indictmt. for absence from church. 

THO. WALCOT, " Atturn. nre." 
Montg., Sept. 29, 1670. 
Mr. Prothonotary, 

Admitt John Price to appeare to a p'sentm't brought 
ag't him for not cominge to church. 

THO. WALCOT. 
Montg., 27 Sept. 1670. 
Mr. Proth'y. 

Admitt Tho. Tudge to appeare to a Presentm't for 
absence from Church. 

THO. WALCOT. 
Montgom'y, Sept. 27, 1670. 

Wee, the p'sons whose names are subscribed, doe hereby 
certifie yo'r Lordshipe that Richard Juckes, who liveth within 
our parish of Llanvair, in the County of Montgom'y> did take 
the Holy Sacram't last Easter, and doth monthly frequent to 
the parish church of Llanvair, in the said County, to heare the 
divine Service read at the Sabbath dayes, save onely for ab'ts 
one rnoneth ab'ts August 1669, at w'ch tyrne the Sheriffe of 
the County aforesaid had a Writt of execution ag'st the s'd 
Juckes. 

DAVID EYTON, Viccar de Llanvair. 
DA. EVANS > n , , , 
EVAN DAVIES f Churchwardens. 

EVAN GWFNNB 
MORGAN EDWARDS > 
JON. EVANS } 

We, the Churchwardens of the s'd parish of Llanvair, doe 
hereby certifie yo'r Lordshipe that Jane, the wife of Richard 
Juckes, did take the Holy Sacram't last Easter, and doeth 
frequent to the s'd Parish Church of Llanvair monethly or 
of'ner to heare Divine service read at Sabbath dayes. 

DA. EVANS 

EVAN DAVIES 

1671, April. Great Sessions held at Pool (?). No'ia Jur. 
ad Inquirend., etc. 

Llanidloes. 

Edr'us Lloyd de Berthlloyd, Ar. 
Evanus Glynne de Glynne, Ar. 1 

1 Sheriffiu 1675. 



> Churchwardens. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 213 

Ludovicus Price de Llanwnogg, Ar. 
Vyncent Peirce de Lloynybrayne, Gen. 
Ric'us Pope de Carnedd, Gen. 
Jenkinus Lloyd de Clochvane, Gen. 
Edr'us Owen de Pennyralt, Gen. 
John Evans de Tregastell, Gen. 
David Lloyd de Llangericke, Gen. 
Eob'tus Davies de Maesraaure, Gen. 
Joh'es Wilson de Peny Castle, Gen. 
Ric'us Ingram de Glynhafren, Gen. 
Rice'us Evans de Carnoe, Gen. 
Evan Owen de Keven Pennarth, Gen. 
Ric'us Lewis de Llanidloes, Gen. 
Will'us Vaughan de Llanounogg, Gen. 

Mathylleth. 

Walterus Price de yssggarregg, Gen. 
Henricus Parry de Mateynlleth, Gen. 
Ed'rus ap Richard Humffrey de ywchygarregg, Gen. 
Edr'us Hughes of Lambren Maire, Gen. 
Will'us Thomas, Ju'ior, de ead., Gen. 
Davidus Evan de Llanwoorin, Gen. 
Gabrielus Pugh de eadem, Gen. 
Ric'dus Meredith de ead., Gen. 
Griffinus Evan de eadem, Gen. 
Ric'us Pughe de Com. Llowy, Gen. 
Morriceus Griffith de Kernes, Gen. 

2 Jur. William Thomas of Tavolwerne, Gen. 

3 Jur. Edr'us Reynolds de fiem. 

4 Jur. Tho. Wynn de Garth. 

5 Jur. Joh'es Owens de Gyngrogvace. 

Moriceus Price de Graig fin. vli. 
Thomas Bowdler de Midleton. 
Tho. Lloyd de ead. 

Neivtowne. 
Will'us Price de Vachwen, Gen. 

6 Jur. Richard Lloyd of Hendidley, Gen. 

ex. Davidus Meredith de Llanwethelan, Gen. 

7 Jur. Edr'us Humffreys de Bryntalch, Gen. 

Evanus Thomas de Manabon, Gen. 
Joh'es Pryce de G-westyd, Gen. 
Jacobus Broomhall de Merkale, Gen. 

13 Jur. Davidus Thomas de Llarnerewigg, Gen., fin. \li. ut sup. 
exon'at'r. 

8 Jur. Joh'es Bright de Llamerewig. 

Mountgomery Hundred. 
1 Jur. Theophilus Portter of Kerry, Gen. 

Richard Griffithes of Mellington, Gen. 
Edward Millward of Hussington, Gen. 



214 MONTGOMERYSHIRE: NONCONFORMITY : 

9 Jur. Sampson Pugh de Mellington, Gen.- 

John Lewis of Hopton, Gen. 
William Pugh of Kilroth, Gen. 
George Grabner of Mothtree, Gen. 

Mathravel Hundred. 
David Evans of Brynellen, Gen. 

10 Jur. Morgan Edwards of Heniarth, Gen. 

Evan Davies of Rhwhiriarth, Gen. 
Hugh Evan of Pontirth, Gen. 
Evan Lloyd of Mathravel, Gen. 
Evan Davies of Gwenynogg, Gen. 
Evan Griffith of Cenewill, Gen. 
Thomas Morris of Coedtalogg, Gen. 
Evan John of Garthbibio, Gen. 
Thomas Woods de Stredalvedan. 

[The Presentments of Chief Constables are totally destroyed by 
damp, and the File altogether is in bad condition.] 

THOMAS IRELAND, Sheriff. 

1671 (23 Ch. II). At the Great Sessions held at Mont- 
gomery on the 25th September 1671. 

Montgom'y. No'ia Jurator ad Inquirend., etc. 

Sir JOB CHALTON, Chief Justice of Chester, presiding. 

Theoph'us Parker, Gen. David Thomas, Gen. 

Thomas Wynne, Gen. Joh'es Bright, Gen. 

Edr'us Reignalds, Gen. Sampson Pugh, Gen. 

Will'us Thomas, Gen. Morganus Edwards, Gen. 

Joh'es Owens, Gen. Thomas Woods, Gen. 

Kic'us Lloyd, Gen. Joh'es Griffith, Gen. 

Edr'us Humffreys, Gen. Thomas Evans, Gen. 

THOMAS IRELANDE, Ar., Sheriff. 

Grand Jury List Poole Hundred. 
William Lloyd of ffinant, Gen. 
Petrus Younge of Eheteskin, Gen. 
Joh'es Lewis of Lledred, Gen. 
John Roberts of Llanerchrochwel, Gen. 
Evanus Pothan of the same, Gen. 
Edr'us Morris of Llansanfraid, Gen. 
Edr'us Rogers of Treverne, Gen. . 
Ric'us Jones of Gunley, Gen. 
Rob'tus Peirce of Tyddinpreed, Gen. 
John Griffith of fforden, Gen. 
Nathaniel Matthews of Cletterwood, Gen. 

Gen. 

[The remainder of this document is gone.] 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 215 

The P'sentm't of us whose names are subscribed, being the 
Grand Jury sworn to inquire for O'r Sou'aigne Lord the King 
and the body of the said Countie, touching such matters 
and things as were given to us in chardge, and w'hin the same 
Countie committed and done against the peace of our said Lord 
the King, at the Great Sessions held for the s'd Countie the 
25th day of September, An'o R. Rs. Car. SVdi Anglie, etc., 
xxiij . 

Imprimis, We doe on our oathes p'sent William Jones of 

Tavolwerne, in the said Countie, Yeom., and Mary 

his wife, Margerie, the wife of William Brees of 

Tavolwerne, aforesaid, Yeom. Lucie, the wife of John Brees, 
Sen'r, of Tavolwerne, aforesaid, Yeom. Ellenor, the wife of 
John Brees, Jun'r, of Tavolwerne, aforesaid, Yeom. Ellenor 
David of Tavolwerne, aforesaid, Spinster. Ralfe Oliver of Dol- 
gadvan, in the Countie aforesaid, Yeom. For that the said 
William Jones.Mary, Margerie, Lucie, Elleno'r, Elleno'r Davies, 
Spinster, and Ralfe Oliver, the tenth day of September, in the 
23rd yeare of the raigne of ou' Souraigne Lord the King Charles 
the Second of England, etc., and for the space of one month 
before the said tenth day of September, did not repaire to their 
p'ish Church of Llanbrynmaire in the said Countie, nor to any 
Church or Chappell where divine service and common prayer 
according to the usual form of the Church of England and as 
it is now established, was celebrated, but on the contrary they 
and eu'y of them did voluntarily and without any lawful cause 
w'hdraw and absent themselves from the same, contrarie to 
the form of the Statute in such case provided, and to the 
ill example of his Ma' ties people. 

Item Wee p'sent Richard Lewis, late of , in the 

said Countie, Yeoman, for that he, the said Richard, upon the 
23rd day of September in the yeare of the Reigne of our 
Sou'aigne [Lord] King Charles the Second of England, etc., at 
R . . . . aforesaid, w'h force of arms made upon Th .... 
Evans, Gen., and him did evill intreate, and known for a com- 
mon quar . . . contrary .... to the peace of our Sou'aigue 
lord the K[ing], his crowne and dignitie. 

1672 (24 Cha. II), September 2nd. Presentment of Grand 
Jury. 

We doe p'sent Edward Matthews of Collfryn, in the hundred 
of Deythur in the said County, Ale-seller and fidler, for selling 
of Ale and fidling in his house on seu'all Lord's dayes, and 
gathering and p'mitting seu'all young people and seruants to 
be drunke in his house on seu'all Lord's days. 



216 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY: 

We doe p'sent Nicholas John David of Collfryn for being 
often drunke upon seu'all Lord's days. 

1673 (24 Chas. II). Great Sessions held at Pool, April 7th 
1673. 

Sheriff, GEO. DEVEREUX, Ar. 

Inquisic'o Magna. 

Machinlleth H. 
1 Jur. Joh'es Pugh de Mathavarne, Ar. 

Meredicus David de Glyncayrig, Gen. 
Oliverus Morris de Llanbrinmaire, Gen. 
Edr'us Pugh de Penrhos, Gen. 
Joh'es Griffith Morgan de Penegos, Gen. 
Joh'es Rowland de Isygarret, Gen. 
Moriceus Griffith de Gwernybwlch, Gen. 
3 Jur. ex. Rowlandus ap Richard Moris de Darowen, Gen. 
Will'us Thomas de Llanbrynmair. 

Neiotown H. 

4 Jur. David Austin de Llanwithelan, Gen. 
Joh'es Gamon de Manavon Llys, Gen. 
David Jones de Manavon Gaynog, Gen. Mr. Shentt's 

son prayes he may be spared. 
Joh'es Ellis de Treganol, Gen. 
Jacobus Baxter de Hendidley, Gen. 
Jacobus Brumall de Aberhavespe, Gen. 

5 Jur. Tho. Owens of Garthgellyn. 

Arthur Thomas de Triestywelyn. 

Mathraval H. 

6 Jur. Joh'es Lloyd de Cowney, Gen. 

Watkinus Evan de Crane, Gen. 
Joh'es Meredith de Llanvaire, Gen. 
Evanus Gwyn de Kilerych, Gen. 
ex. John Thomas ap Rees de Llangyniwe, Gen., senex et egrot. 

7 Jur. Morgan Edd's de Henraith. 

8 Jur. Joh'es Edwards de Penhril. 

Llanfyllin Hund. 

Ric'eus Wynne de Kynon, Gen., Esq. 
Joh'es Lloyd de Bodyddfan, Gen. 
Thomas Cadwalader de Rhysgog, Gen. 
ex. Josephus Ellis de Vachwen, Gen. 

Joh'es Meredith Ho well de Peniarth, Gen. 
Dauid Jones de Llanhavon, Gen. 
David Thomas de Bodyddfan, Gen. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 217 

Llanydloes II. 
2 Jur. Evanus Glyn de Q-lyn, 1 Ar. 

Vincent Piers de Lloynybraine, Gen. 
Edr'us Owen de Penyralt, Gen. 
Jenkinus Lloyd de Clochvaine, Gen. 
Thomas Howells de Dethienith, Gen. 
Edr'us Owens de Dolyllys, Gen. 
David Lewis de Penstrowed, Gen. 
Joh'es Wilson de Peny castle. 

Caur&e H. 

Reginald Higgins de Cletterwood. 
ex. Nicholas Wardinge de Woolstanmyne, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Powell de Bacheltre, Gen. 
ex. Thomas Bowdler de Midletowne, Gen. 
Jur. Nathaniel Mathewes de Cleterwood, Gen. 
ex. John Phelipps de fforden, Gen. 
Dauid W'ms de Laighton. 

Poole Hund. 

Petrus Yonge de Rhetesskyn, Gen. 
Humfridus Price de Brainarth, Gen. 
Andreas Laighton de Kevenllyfuo, Gen. 
Edr'us Moris de Llansanfraid, Gen. 
Carolus Whitfield de Llansanfraid, Gen. 

Montgom'y Hund. 

12 Jur. Griffinus Evans de Kelliber Issa, Gen. 

1 3 Jur. Joh'es Edward de Graige, Gen. 

Ric'us Moris de Churchstocke, Gen. 
Georgius Gravener de Moughtrey, Gen. 
ex. Evanus Griffith de Hyssington, Gen. 
15 Jur. Rich'us Griffiths de Melington. 

14 Jur. Ric'us Lloyd de Bachaethlen. 

. . . . H. [The name of the hundred is missing.] 
ex. Willi'mus Derwas de Penrhyn, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Bowen de Colfrin, Gen. 
ex. Thomas Atkinson de Llan'chkeela, Gen. 
Thomas Colfax de Bawlsley, Gen. 

quilibet eor. fin. xiijs. iiijc?. 

Att ye Greate Sessions held att Poole, w'thin ye s'd County 
ye seaventh daye of Aprill, in ye yeare of o'r Lord God 1673. 
The presentm't of the Grand Jury then and there sworne. 
They present that Thomas Morris the elder, of Dolthienith, 2 

1 Sheriff in 1675. 

2 Dethenydd, in the parish of Llandinam. 
VOL. XXIV. O 



218 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY: 

w'thin ye s'd County, husbandman, contrary to ye fforme of ye 
Statute in yt case made and p'vided, nowe doth and for ye 
space of haulfe a yeare nowe last past did keepe a Greyhound 
in his house to kill and destroy hares, hee being not seized of 
any Estate of Inheritance w'thin the said countie or elsewhere 
to our knowledge. 

They also present yt Aleth Morris of Dolthienidd, w'thin 
ye s'd County, yeom., and Thomas Morris the younger, of ye 
same, in ye County afores'd, two of the sonnes of the s'd 
Thomas Morris the elder, for ye space of haulfe a year nowe 
last past from time to time, contrary to ye fforme of ye statute 
and usually, did trace hares w'th the Grayhound of ye s'd 
Thomas the elder, they, ye s'd Aleth Morris or Thomas ye 
younger, being not seized of any Estate of Inheritance w'thin 
ye s'd County or elsewhere to our knowledge. 

They also presented Thomas Wooding, of the parish of 
Manafron, for keeping a Grayhound. 

Also Edward Wooding, of the parish of Llanwythelan, for 
having and having had for the space of six months a setting 
dog in his house, he not being qualified to do it. 

Also Evan Arthur of Kernes for keeping a Grayhound to 
kill and destroy hares, he having no estate of Inheritance. 

" My lord Powis is given to understand yt his ffowler, one 
Richard Woodinge, and his father are indicted for keepinge a 
settinge dog; these p'sons lived in my lord's L'pp of Kedewen, 
and are licensed by my lord, who is lord of the Lo'pp, to keepe 
a piece and a settinge dogge, and nets, and to bee his fowlers 
and ffishers w'thin the s'd lo'pp or any other of my lord's 
lo'pps in this County, and to prevent presse to be sent out 
against them I am comanded by my lord Powis to give you 
notice that the s'd Woodinges were before the said Indictment, 
and yet are his fowlers, and have a license to keepe a settinge 
dogge, etc., to th'end yt my lord may have the benefitt of the 
late Act of P'liament, and therefore the treble of these lynes 
is given you by " Y'r humble serv't, 

"WA. JAMES. 

" Powis Castle, 21 May 1673. 

" These, ffor Maior Manly at Wrexham. 
Present." 

They alsoe present John Thomas, of ye p'ish of Llanwothyn, 
w'thin the said Countie, yeom., and Margarett his wiefe, and 
Edward Thomas Morris of ye same, for not comeing to Church 
for a year last past ; Jo'n Humphreys of the same ; Anne, the 
wiefe of John Thomas of ye same, for ye like; Jo'n Roberts 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 219 

of Llanidloes, for ye like ; David Owen of Llangirricke, for ye 
like ; Harry Jones of Llanidloes, for ye like. 

1673 (25 Chas. II). At Pool, 15 Sept. 1673. 
GEO. DEVEREUX, Sheriff. 

No'ia Jurator ad Inquirend., etc. 

Evan Gwynn, Gen. (of Kilyrich). 

Robert Vaughan, Gen. (of Keele). 

Cad'r Dauies, Gen. (of Penrhin). 

Thomas Homes, Gen. (of Hurdley). 

Howellus Powell, Gen. (of Keele). 

Rolandus Owen, Gen. (of Cadinyufayn). 

Rob'tus Vaughan de Hope, Gen. 

Joh'es Jones, Gen. (of Carno). 

Carolus Moris, Gen. (of Garthbeibio). 

Ric'us Cartwright, Gen. (of Ederlin) [Derlwyn?]. 

Riceus Humffreys, Gen. (of Keele). 

Mariceus Thomas, Gen. (of Keele). 

WuTus Pryce, Gen. (of Peniarth). 

Morricus Morgan, Gen. (of Glynhafren). 

Dauid Griffith, Gen. (de Penegos). 

GEO. DEVEREUX, ar. vie. 

Inq. Magna, Llanvillinge H. 

Carolus Bowdler de Tairtrey, Gen. 

Cadd'r Watkin de Cadwynfan, Gen. 

Thomas Cadd'r de Rhisgog, Gen. 

Morricus Thomas de Cadwynfan, Gen. 

Dauid William de Nanthalan, Gen. 

Joh'es Evans de Penyarth, Gen. 

Owenus ap Evan Griffith de Garthylynyn, Gen. 

10 Jur. Wm. Price de Aberbechan. 

1 1 Jar. Joh'es Jones de Carno. 

1 ex. Carolus Robt's de Poole. 

12 Jur. Moriceus Morgan de Glynhafren. 

Poole H. 

Robertus Niccolls de Garth, Gen. 

Thomas Wynne de Garth, Gen. 

Thomas Evans de Burgedinge, Gen. 
ex. Norton Griffithes de Tirthmych, Gen. 

Edr'us Morris de Llansanfzayd, Gen. 

Lodovicus Evans de Llanchrochwell,]Gen. 
ex. Thomas Dyos de Garth, Gen. 

13 Jur. Rob't Vaughan de Hope. 

Q2 



220 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

Caivse H. 

ex. Meredicus Dauid de Dyssurth, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Owen de Stredolvedan, Gen. 
ex. Griffinus Owen de Tythyn Freed, Gen. 

Thomas Morris de Llan'ch'del, Gen. 
ex. Henricus Parrye de ead., Gen. 

Ric'us Edwards de Kilkewith, Gen. 
ex. Thomas Lloyd de Middletowne, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Phillips de fforden, Gen. 
ex. Rob'tus Hughes de Llan'ch'dol, Gen. 
Jur. Carolus Morris de Garthbeibio. 
Jur. Dauid Griffith de Penegoes. 

Hachinlleth. 

Roger Mostin of Dolycostlin, Esq. 
Richard John Evan of Bringchill [Brynuchel?], Gen. 
Rowland Edward de Gwernybwlch, Gen. 
Edward Pugh of Coomllowy, Gen. 
John ap Richard of Noddfa, Gen. 
Owen Evan of Uchygarreg, Gen. 
John Evans of Tavolwerne, Gen. 
ex. John Evan Howell of uchc'oed, Gen. 
Richard Morgan 1 of Pennant, Gen. 

Mathravall H. 

1 Jur. Evanne Gwynue of Kilyrich, Gen. 
Evanne Lloyd of Mathravall, Gen. 
Cadwallader Watkin of Llanllothian Issa, Gen. 
Thomas Jones of Gwenynog Issa, Gen. 
Thomas Morris of Coedtalog, Gen. 

Mountgomery H. 
John Edwards of Graig, Gen. 
Edward Shenton of Cothie, Gen. 
Mathew Evans of Drevor and ffeene, Gen. 
Joseph Lloyd of Gwenrhiwe, Gen. 
Thomas Homes of Hurdley, Gen. 
George Gravener of Moughtrey, Gen. 
Matthew Evans of Garthilinge, Gen. 
Edward Pool of Moughtreyllan, Gen. 
(3) Rowland Owen de Cadmynfayn. 
(4) Jur. Howel : Powell de Keel. 
5 Jur. Rich. Cartwright de Ederliu [Derlwyn?]. 
Dauid Lloyd de Llangem'. 

1 Of Caelan, Llanbrynmair. He was descended from Edwin, Prince 
of Tegeingl. His sister, Mallt, married Jenkin Lloyd of Clochfaen. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL PILES. 221 

Newtown H. 

William Price of Peniarth, Gent. 

qy. 6 Jur. Robert Vaughan of Eddie (or Peele) (evidently Keele, as 
under). 

7 Jur. Rees Humffreys of Keele, Gen. 

8 Jur. Cadwalladr Davies of Penrhin, Gen. 

9 Jur. Morrice Thomas of Keele, Gen. 

Rees Jones of Garthgellinge, Gen. 
Thomas Edwards of Ucheldre Bettws, Gen. 
Thomas Wynne of Aberhavespe, Gen. 
Evan Thomas of Manavonllys, Gen. 
John Gamon of the same, Gen. 

Llanydloes H. 

Vincett Pierce de Llyny Brayne, Gen. 
Edr'us Owens de Pen r Allt, Gen. 
Edr'us Owens de Dol y llys, Gen. 
Jenkinus Lloyd de Glochvaen, Gen. 
Joh'es Aston de Glyntrefuant, Gen. 
David Phillips de ead., Gen. 

Deythor H. 

Ric'us Griffithes de Tretherwen, Gen. 
Thomas Gaul ffox de Baussey, Gen. 

Wee, the Jurors who were Impannelled and sworne to 
enquire for [our] Souverane Lord the King upon our oathes, do 
p'sent as foloweth : 

Imprim. Wee doe p'sent Rob't Dean, of the p'ish of Berriew, 
for not repairinge unto the said p'ish Church, as he is by 
law required, eu' since ye first day of May last past. 

Ite'. Wee doe p'sent Charles Lloyd, Rich. D'd ap Griffith, 
and Owen Jones for not repayringe unto theire p'ish church 
(being ye p'ish Church of Myvod), as by law is required. 

1674 (26 Chas. II). Great Sessions held at Pool, April 20th, 
1674. 

Sheriff, Ric'us MYTTON, Ar. vie. 

Inquisi'co Magna. 

Mathraval H. 

Edward Lloyd de Llandrinio, Esq. 
1 Jur. Joh'es Thomas de Llanlothian Issa, Gen. 
ex. Evan Lloyd de Mathraval, Gen. 
Rob t' us Oliv. de Kenhinva, Gen. 
Ric'eus Edward Rees de Kyffin, Gen. 
Henric. Morgan de Langu'vangan [qy. Llanfihangel?], Gen. 



222 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY 

Ric'eus Thomas de Coidtalog, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Evan Rees de Pentirch, Gen. 
4 Jur. Joh'es Meredith de Llanvayre, Gen. 

David Evans de Dolegeade, Gen. 
ex. David Williams de Bringlasse, Gen. 

Machynlleth Hundred. 
Will'us Thomas de Lanbremayre, Gen. 
Griffin David de ead., Gen. 
Bic'us Morgan de ead., Gen. 
Ric'us Pugh de Darowen, Gen. 
Joh'es Lewis de ead., Gen. 
Hugo ap Humfrey de Lanoryn, Gen. 
Moricus Griffith de Kernes, Gen. 

Pola Hundred. 

ex. Thomas Stephens de Lanvrochwell, Gen. 
ex. Edr'us Vaughan de Garth, Gen. 
ex. David Morris de Broniarth, Gen. 

Thomas Rogers de Burgedin. 

Humfrus Griffith de Lanvechen, Gen. 

Willi'mus Moody de Bodenval, Gen. 

Edr'us Morris de Lansanfrayd, Gen. 

5 Jur. ex. Thomas Evans de Burgedin, Gen. 

6 Jur. ex. Dauid Evans de Llanerchfrochwell. 

Deythur H. 

ex. Willi'mus Derwas de Penrhyn Vethan, Gen. 
ex. Ric'us Prinald de Trefnanney, Gen. 
ex. Edr'us Austin de Landrinio, Gen. 

Llanvilling Hundred^. 
Joh'es Edwards de Pennyarth, Gen. 
Robt'us Thomas de Dolwar, Gen. 
Thomas David de Brithder, Gen. 
Moriceus Thomas de ffynon Arthur, Gen. 
Joh'es Thomas de Marchnant ucha, Gen, 
Cadd'r John Thomas de Langynog, Gen. 
David Thomas de Lanhavon, Gen. 
Will'us Vowell de Kevencoth, Gen. 
David Humfrey de Pennyarth. 

Nova Villa Hundred. 
Will'us Price de Vachwens, Gen. 
Ric'us Evans de Garthmill, Gen. 
David Meredith de Llanwethelun, Gen. 
ex. TJsnam Gittins de Hendidley. 
Humfrus Ellis de Aberhaley. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 223 

Mountgom'y Hund. 
ex. Joh'es Edwards de Grange, Gen. 
ex. Matheus John de Clothie, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Lewis de Hopton, Gen. 
ex. Josephus Lloyd de Gwenrhiw, Gen. 
ex. Jonathan Howell de Mellington, Gen. 

Thomas Jones de Hurdley, Gen. 

Edr'us Powell de ead, Gen. 

Ric'us Jones de Eskerge'leog, Gen. 

Caurse Hund. 

ex. Henry Parry de Llanchydol, Gen. 
ex. Eobt'us Hugh de ead., Gen. 

8 Jur. Griffin Owen de Tydden Preed, Gen. 

1 1 Jur. Hayne Williams de Dissarth, Gen. 

Henric. Davies de Stredalvedan, Gen. 

Ric'us Edwards de Kilkewidd, Gen. 
ex. Robt'us Vaughan de Hope, Gen. 
ex. Andreas Acherley de fforden, Gen. 

9 Jur. Rich. Dauies de Stredaluedan. 

Llanidloes Hund. 

ex. Edr'us Bowen de Penyr alt, Gen. 
Jenkin Lloyd de Clochvaen, Gen. 
ex. Evan Morgan de Glynbrochan, Gen. 

Ric'us Owen de Sskirwe [qy. Esceirieth ?], Gen. 
ex. Georginus ffletcher de Carme, Gen. 
Thomas Kensey de Dethinied, Gen. 

3 Jur. Samuel Lloyd de Nantmuhied [Nantymeichied ?], Gen. 
10 Jur. Humfrus Price de Branarth. 

12 Jur. Robt. Dauies de Leighton. 

13 Jur. Dauid W'ms de Broniarth. 

Mr. Proth'y, 

Admit Rob'fc Dean to appear to an Indictment ag'st 
him for absenting himselfe from Church. 

T. WALCOT. 
Poole, April 22, 1674. 

1674 (26 Chas. II). Great Sessions held at Llanfyllin, 16th 
October 1674. 

Sheriff 1 , RICHARD MYTTON, Ar. 

Inqnisitio Magna. 
Hundred de MontgonCy [sic, but should be Machynlleth]. 

Jur. Rogerus Moystyn de Dolycorslwyn, Gen. 
Jur. Edr'us Pugh de Penrhose, Gen. 



224 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

David Lloyd de Llanbrenmaire, Gen. 

Edr'us ap "Richard Humffrey de Uchygarreg, Gen. 

Joh'es Meredith de Kernes, Gen. 

Ric'us Jo'n Evan de ead., Gen. 

David Evans de Caerswythan, Gen. 

Edr'us Lewis de Noddva, Gen. 

Joh'es Rowland de Isygarreg, Gen. 

Hundred, de Llanvilling. 

Riceus Wynne de Eynant, Ar. 
Jur. Carolus Bowdler de Teirtre, Gen. 

Gulielmus Lloyd de ead., Gen. 
Jur. Ric'us Davies de Peniarth, Gen. 

Josephus Ellis de Vachwen, Gen. 

Thomas Cadd'r de Rhisgog, Gen. 

Moriceus Thomas de ffynnon Arthur, Gen. 
Jur. WilPus Griffiths de Peniarth, Gen. 

Cadd'us Jo'n Bynner de Llangynog, Gen. 

David Jones de Llauhavon, Gen. 

David Thomas de ead., Gen. 

Will'us Jo'n ap Jo'n de Garthgellin vawre, Gen. 

Hundred, de Llanidloes. 

Jur. Evanus Glyn de Glyn, Ar. 

Vince't Peeres de Llwynbraine, Gen. 
Jur. Lewis Jones de Maesmaure, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Evans de ead., Gen, 
Jur. Edr'us Jones de Llanwanog, Gen, 
Jur. Arthurus Moris de Weege, Gen. 

David Evan de Glynbrochan, Gen. 

Deuther. 

WilPm Derwas de Penrhyn vechan, Gen. 
Edr'us Austin de Landrius [Llandrinio?], Gen. 
ex. Ric'us Prinallt de Trefnany, Gen. 
Joh'es Atkinson, Llankheela, Gen. 
David Tannatt de Tredderwen, Gen. 
Joh'es Bach de Tredderwen vore, Gen. 
Robertus Vaughan de Collfryn, Gen. 

Caurse. 

Nathanielus Mathewes de Clettrwood, Gen, 
Jur. Joh'es James de Sylvacn, Gen. 
Rich's Edwards de fforden, Gen. 
Joh'es Howell de Ederton, Gen. 
Riceus Roberts de Weston, Gen. 
Edr'us Reignolds de Hem, Gen. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 225 

Mathraval. 

David Evans de Mathravall, Gen. 
Jur. Henricus James de Kevenyllys, Gen. 
ex. Evans Robert Judd'r [qy. Tudor 1] de Garthbeibio, Gen. 

Riceus Edward Rees de Kyffin, Gen. 

Henricus Morgan de Bryngwaethan, Gen. 

David William de Brynglas, Gen. 
Jur. Edr'us Thomas de Kevenyllys, Gen. 

Riceus Thomas de Coedtallog, Gen. 

David Judd'r [qy. Tudor?] de Moelyveliarth, Gen. 

Montgom'y. 

Thomas Price de Eskergiliog [Mochdre], Gen. 
Riceus Price de Maughtrey Llan, Gen. 
Jur. Georgius Gravener de ead., Gen. 
David Lewis de Churstocke, Gen. 
Kic'us Owen de Garthilling, Gen. 
Thomas Holmes de Hurdley, Gen. 
Jonathan Howells de Melington, Gen. 

Poole, 

Gryffus Price de Varchell, Gen. 
Petrus Younge de Reteskin, Gen. 
Thomas Rogers de Burgedin, Gen. 
Edr'us Rogers de ead., Gen. 
Riceus d'd de Broniarth, Gen. 
Walterius Griffithes de Llanvethen, Gen. 
ex. Edr'us Vaughan de Garth, Gen. 
Edr'us Morris de Llansanfraid, Gen. 
Edr'us Norries de Meleniog, Gen. 
Jur. Rich'd Rich'd of Trellydan. 

Nova Villa. 

Jerimis Reinalds de Broumwood, Gen. 
Jacobus Brumwell de Abrhavesp, Gen. 
Ric'us Morgan de Bromwood, Gen. 
Carolus Price de Bolbro, Gen. 
ffrancis Reinalds de Dyffryn Llanvaire, Gen. 
Ric'us Griffithes de Ucheldre Bettus, Gen. 
Edr'us ap Richard de Llanmrewig, Gen. 
Jur. David Thomas de ead., Gen. 

(Finis.) 

No'ia Jur. ad inquirend". 
Evanus Gwynne de Kilyrich, Gen. 
Joh'es Meredith Dauid de Llanvaire, Gen. 
Dauid Evans de Llanchrochwell, Gen. 
Dauid Jones de Brynglas, Gen. 



226 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

ex. Joh'es Humffrey de Nantmeichied, Gen. 

Andreas Lawton de Kyvenllyffno, Gen. 

Priamus Pryce de Dolas, Gen. 

Gabriel Pughe de Llanwryn, Gen. 

Dauid Thomas de Abernaint, Gen. 

Joh'es Meredith Howell de Pennyarth. 
ex. Owenus Buckley de Garth-gell, Gen. 

Joh'es Jones de Llanlothian, Gen. 

7 Jur. Ludovicus Jones de ffinnant, Gen. 

Meredithus Dauid de Glyncairicke, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Atkinson de Llysfechan, Gen. 
Meredithis Dauid de Dissarth, Gen. 
Will'mus Williams de Dolanog, Gen. 
Riceug Edwards de Kyffin, Gen. 
Will'us Baxter de Llanwnog, Gen. 
Ric'us ap Richard de Gruggion, Gen. 

8 Jur. Humffrid Lewis de Branyarth, Gen. 

9 Jur. Morriceus Jones de Llanwnog, Gen. 

10 Jur. Evan us Lloyd de Mathravall. 

Dauid Williams de Brynglas. 
Will'us Edward de Vaynor. 

11 Jur. Edr'us Poole de Moughtrey. 

1 1 Jur. Joh'es Thomas ap Rees de Llangyniew. 

Ric'us Rees de Llivior, Gen. 
Rob'tus Dauid de Pentyrch, Gen. 

12 Jur. Lewis Moris. 

1675 (27 Ch. II). Att ye Greate Sessions held att Poole, 
in ye s'd county, ye fifth day of Ap'll Anno EEx Carol' secundi 
nunc Anglie et xxvij Annoque D'ni 1675. 

Inquisitio Magna. 
Mathinlleth H. 

ex. Will'us Pughe de Mathavarn Ar. 
ex. Edwardus Pughe de Penrhose, Gen. 

Meredicus Dauies de Glyucairig, Gen. 
ex. Gabriel Pugh de Llanwryn, Gen. 
ex. Edr'us ap Richard Dauid de Uwch y Garreg, Gen. 

Edr'us ap Richard Humffrey de ead., Gen. 
Jur. 2. Edr'us Hughes de Llanbren Maire, Gen. [of Cwmcarnedd]. 

Ric'us Morgan de ead., Gen. 
Jur. 3. Riceus Meredith de Darowen, Gen. 
ex. Ric'us Rowland de ead., Gen. 
ex. Henricus Parry de Machalleth, Gen. 

Dauid Lloyd de Llanbren Maire, Gen. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 227 

Mountgom'y H. 

Ambrosius Gethin de Clothie, Gen. 

Hugo Meredith de ead., Gen. 

Edr'us Sheinton de ead., Gen. 

Matheus Edward de Trerllan, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Edwards de Graig, Gen. 

Thomas Evans de Bryullowerch, Gen. 
Jur. 5. Will'us Pughe de ead., Gen. 
Jur. 6. Owenus Mynton de Penygelli, Gen. 

Llanydloes H. 

Jur. 7. Dauid Pryce de Penystrowyd, Gen. 
ex. Ric'us Wilson de Bwlch y llyn, Gen. 
Evanus Evans de Cwm yr Anel, Gen. 
Jur. 8. Joh'es Wilson de Peny Castle, Gen. 

Moricus Stephens de Deythienyth, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Powell de Blaen y Glynn, Gen. 
Joh'es Bennett de Trefegloes, Gen. 
Phillippus Swancott de Llanwnog. Gen. 
Jur. 14. Dauid Lewis de Peustrowed, Gen., \li. 
Jur. 15. Hugo Owen. 

Poole H. 

Blc'us Mytton de Pontyscowryd, Ar. 
Riceus Pryce de Llanvechan, Gen. 
Will'us Moody e de Bodynvol, Gen. 
ex. Thomas Stephens de Llan'chrochwell. 
Thomas Edwards de ead., Gen. 
Dauid Thomas ap Owen de ead., Gen. 
Thomas Rogers de Burgedinge, Gen, 
Thomas Evans de ead., Gen. 
ex. Humffridus Edwards de ead v Gen. 
ex. Edr'us Vaughan de Garth, Gen. 
ex. Thomas Dyos de ead., Gen. 
ex. Griffiuus Pryce de Varchoel, Gen. 

Mathravall H. 

Joh'es Williams de Kellegasson, Gen. 
ex. Thomas Jervis de Hadan, Gen. 
Joh'es Owen de Pentyrch (?), Gen. 
Thomas Rees de Llanvaire. 
Hugo Evans de Pentyrch, Gen. 
Will'us Edwards de Llangyniow. 

Nova Villa H. 

ex. Tho. Gwynn de Aberhavesp, Gen. 
ex. Joh'es Bushop de Dyffryn Llanvaire, Gen. 
Jeremiah Reignald de Broniwood, Gen. 



228 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

ex. Joh'es Thomas John de Manavon, Gen. 

Edr'us Thomas Dauid de ead., Gen. 
ex. Edr'us Evans de Nova Villa, Gen. 

Llanvilling H. 
Jur. 1. Riceus Wynne de Eynant, Ar. 

Riceus ap Edward de Marchnant issa, G. 

Joh'es Thomas Vaughan de Pennant, G. 

Thomas Morris Vaughan de Garthgylynyn Vawr, Ge. 

WilPus John de Garthgylynyn vechan, Ge. 

Thomas John Thomas de ead., Ge. 

Joh'es Thomas de Martynant ucha, Ge. 

Morriceus Thomas de Wirnant, Ge. 

Dauid Thomas de Llangynog, Gen. 

Caurse H. 

Thomas Wynde de Cruggion, Ar. 
ex. Will'us Bright de Hopton, Ge. 
ex. Thomas Lloyd de Middletowne, Gen. 
ex. Edr'us Rogers de Trewern, Ge. 
Jur. 9. Nathaniel Mathewes de Cletterw'd, Ge. 

Will'us Lloyd de Woolostonmynde, Gen. 
Jur. 10. Joh'es Brayne de Cruggion, Gen. 

Thomas Poole de Gyngrogvawr, Ge. 

Deyther H, 

Will'us Derwas de Penrhyn vechan, Ge. 
ex. Edr'us Austyn de Llandrinio, Gen. 
ex. Thomas ffarr de Tretherwen, Gen. 
Evanus Griffith de ead., Gen. 
Griffinus Derwas de Llanathkeela, Gen. 
Henricus Harryes de Trefnaney, Ge. 
Jur. 11. Georgeus Gravenor. 
Jur. 12. Dauid Euans de Brynellen. 
Jur. 13. Dauid Euans de Mathravall. 

[It will be observed that an exceptionally large number of 
the panel subpoenaed were excused.] 

The p'sentm'ts of ye Grand Jury of ye s'd Sessions, as 
followeth : 

They p'sent David Owen, of ye p'ishe of Llangirricke, in ye 
s'd County, yeom., for yt hee, for ye space of haulfe a yeare 
and upwards last past, hath and as yett doth absent himselfe 
from his p'ishe church to heare divine Service and Sermon. 

Humphrey Mills of Glanhauren, in ye s'd County, yeom., for 
ye like. 

Richard Evans of Keven y Croes llwybir, in ye s'd County, 
yeorn., for ye like. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 229 

William Brown, of the p'ishe of Llandynam, in ye s'd 
County, yeom., for ye like. 

Humphrey Bright, of ye p'ishe of Llangirricke, in ye s'd 
County, gen., and Mary his wife, for ye like. 

Edward Jarman, of ye p'ishe of Llangirricke, in ye s'd 
County, yeom. 

John Pott of ye same, yeom. 

Thomas Pott of ye same, yeom., for ye like. 

Griffith Jarman of same, yeom., for ye like. 

Margarett Lewis of ye same, wid., for ye like. 

Evan Owen of ye same, yeom., for ye like. 

Ellenor his wife, for ye like. 

Rees Lucas, and fflorence his wife, of ye same, for ye like. 

Rees Phillyipes, and fflorence his wiefe, of ye same, for ye 
like. 

D'd Jenkin of ye same, yeom., and Jane his wiefe, for ye 
like. 

Sarah Rees of ye same, for ye like. 

Matthewe Morris, of ye p'ishe of Llanidloes, Gen., and 
Mary his wiefe, for ye like. 

Richard Tudge, of the p'ishe of Kerry, in the B'd County, 
yeom., and Elizabeth his wiefe, for ye like. 

John Thomas Morris. 1 

Edward Thomas Morris. 

Margaret, ye wife of John Thomas 

John Humphreys, and his wiefe. 

Anne, ye wiefe of Jo'n Thomas ap Howell .... 

All of ye p'ishe of Llanwothin, in ye s'd County, for ye 
like. 

1 He was the owner of Bryncowny, Llanwddyn, where he resided, 
and was a Quaker. His father, Thomas ap Morris ap John, served 
on the Grand Jury, 8 James I (Mont. Coll., vi, p. 255). He was 
educated at Shrewsbury, and became an excellent scholar ; but his 
early manhood was spent in dissipation, and, having heavily mort- 
gaged his property, he emigrated to America. It was probably 
there (in Pennsylvania) that he espoused the doctrines of the 
Quakers. After an absence of thirty years, he returned to Wales, 
paid off the mortgage on his estate, and lived there the rest of his 
days. He was never married. His memory is still preserved in a 
Welsh couplet : 

" Ai Shon Thomas Morris hunanol ei hunan 
Yw'r garw foneddwr goreuaf ei gyfran." 

He was buried in the Quaker's burial-ground on his own estate, 
Bryncowny. (Mont. Coll., vii, pp. 98, 101.) 



230 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY : 

Thomas ffernoll, and his wiefe. 

Mary, ye wiefe of Ellis Rogers. 

Elizabeth, ye wiefe of John Lawton. 

Margarett, ye wiefe of d'd Rogers ; all of ye p'ishe of 
Kerry, for ye like. 

We doe alsoe present Reighnold Obbins, and Mary his 
wiefe, of ye p'ishe of Buttington, for ye like ["a papist or 
recusant"].. 

William Beversley, of ye p'ishe of Trevegleos, in the s'd 
County, yeom., for ye like. 

Margaret Lloyd, ye late wiefe of Edward Lloyd, of the 
p'ishe of Llangirricke, in the s'd County, wid., for ye like. 

James Hamer, of Llangirricke aforesaid, for ye like. 

The names of Borough Inquest to inquire for our Sou'aigne 
Lord the King, and the sev'all Buroughs in this County : 

Secunda Inquisitio ad inquirend 1 p' d'ni Regis et p } sepal 
Burg's infra Com' p'd's. 

Burgus de Pola. 
Jur. 1. Gabriel lloyd de Pola, Gen. 

Dauid lloyd de Pentre, Gen. 

Henricus Parry de Llanchudol, Gen. 
Jur. 3. Josephus Pughe de Leighton, Gen. 

Rob'tus Howell de Kylyrych, Gen. 

Thomas Bowdler de Midletown, Gen. 

Thomas Lloyd de Kilkewyth, Geu. 

Ric'us Dauid de Stredalvedan, Gen. 

Grimnus ffrauncis de ead., Gen. 

Will'us Harry de Dissarth, Gen. 

Ric'us Edward de Kilkewydd, Gen. 
Jur. 2. Carolus Rob't's de Pola, Gen. 
Jur. 4. Tho. Rob't's [Leighton], Gen. 

Jon. Crumpton. 

Burgas de Llanydloes. 
Jur. 5. Ric'us Juckes, Gen. 

Morgan Lloyd, Gen. 
Jur. 6. Lodovicus Dauid, Gen. 

Lodovicus Thomas, Gen. 

Grimnus Edwards, Gen. 

Ludovicus Jenkins, Gen. 

Ric'us Lewis, Gen. 

Je. Hippoll. 

Mount ffom'y Surges. 

Jur. 7. Will'us Humffreys, Gen. 

Erasmus Jones, Gen. 
Jur. 8. Reignold Powell, Gen. 
Jur. 11. Oliuer Lloyd de Llangynew. 



EXTRACTS FROM GAOL FILES. 231 

Llanvilling Burgus. 

Humffrus Plymley, Gen. 

Edr's ap Robt., Gen. 
Jur. 9. Cadd'r Wynne [of Meifod], Gen. 

Joh'es Llewelyn, Gen. 

Edd. Rider. 

Jur. 13. Morgan Evans. 
Jur. 10. Jenkin Evans de LTidloes. 
Jur. 1 2. Georg Lymall [qy. Lingham ? Cletterwood], Gen. 

[Then follow presentments of streets, bridges, roads, etc., 
connected with boroughs.] 

Also wee, the Juriors aforesayd, upon our oathes doe p'sent 

John Hattfield, of the Town of Welshpoole, Gent., for that 
hee the said John absents himselfe and negleeketts to come to 
the p'ishe church of Poole afores'd for the space of three 
monthes last past to heare divine service there, et Gwen, the 
wiffe of the s'd John Hattfield, for ye like. 

Richard Davies 1 of Poole, Custermaker, and Tassi his wiffe, 
for ye like. 

David Janes of ye same, for ye like. 

Mary, the wiffe of the s'd David, for the like. 

William Man of the same, gunsmith, for the like. 

Rabecka, the wiffe of Thomas Tomson, for the like. 

Samwell Jones of the same, for the like. 

Ales the wiffe of George Blackburne, of the same, for the 
like. 

Ann, the wife of William Price, of the same, for the like. 

John Ponton of the same, Barbur, for the like. 

Gwen Penrin of the same, widd., for the like. 

John Roberts of Llanidloes, and Jane his wiffe, for the 
like. 

Thomas Lloyd of Llanerchvrochwell, Gent., for the like. 

Thomas Lewis of Garth, Gent., for the like. 

the late wife of William Lewis, of the same, for the 

like. 

Peter Meredith of Llanerchidol, and Mary his wiffe, for the 
like. 

Mary Williams of the same, for the like. 

the late wife of 

Mary Wilkes of Cletterwood, widd., for the like. 

John ap Richard of the same, for the like. 

1 This was the celebrated Richard Davies, the Quaker (born 1635, 
died 1707), whose Autobiography is so well known. See also " Mont- 
gomeryshire Worthies", Mont. Coll., vol. ix, p. 375. He was a hat- 
ter by trade. 



232 MONTGOMERYSHIRE NONCONFORMITY. 

Catherine, the wiffe of John Robert, of the same, for the 
like. 

David Roberts of the Hope, Gent., and Elizabeth his wifie, 
for the like. 

Mary, the wiffe of Rowland Robert of Hope, for the like. 

Syna Laraunce of the same, for the like. 

Thomas Hamones, of the p'ish of Montgom'y, yeoman, 
his wiffe, for the like. 

Hanah Hamon of the same, for the like. 

Mary Hamon of the same, for the like. 

Alsoe wee, the Juriors afores'd, upon their oathes do p'sent 
Henry Parry, Gent., and Edward Jones, Gent., Serjeants of 
Mace for the Towne and Borough of Llanvilling, for not return- 
ing in their Presentment to the Borough Inquest. 

Also wee, the Juriors afores'd, upon the Information of Lewis 
Dauies and Jenkin Evans, two of the Juriors, doe p'sent 
Ffrancis Willson, of the Towne of Llanidloes, glover, for using 
the s'd trade, not serving seaven yeares apprenticeshipp to 
the s'd trade, contrary to Law, etc. 

Owen Mathew of Llanidloes, Glover, for the like. 

Edward Lewis, of the same, Glover, for the like. 

Alsoe wee p'sent Thomas Hughes of Welshpoole, Glov'r, for 
using the Trade of a Glover, not serving seaven yeares Apren- 
tish thereto. 

[Jurors' signatures.] 

EVAN GLYNNB, Esq., Sheriff. 



(To be continued.) 



233 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE DIALECT (NEWTOWN). 

BY R WILLIAMS, F.R.Hisi.S. 



" WELL, John, how bin-ee to-day ? What sort of a 
fair han-ee had ?" 

" Middlin' ; I munna complain. I sold all my ship, 
an' got two poun' ten for the ySws." 

" Well done. I wish I could ha' sold my pigs so 
well, but I'm afeard I shall have to take 'em home 
to-day agen. This 'Merican bacon, I do think, does 
spoil the market." 

" Times has been very bad, that's serten, but they'm 
a little better now, binna they?" 

" I dunna no, indeed. Besides rent, there's tithes 
and rates and taxes, so many on 'em, it's very hard to 
gothar money to pay 'em all, and servants is so hock- 
ard. I sum times feel jest ready to jack it up." 

" Wait a bit ; dunna break your heart, man. This 
County Councell does talk a dell about bringin' down 
the rates." 

" Ay, talk, and talk they 'ool ; but I hanna seen 
much sign on it yet. It inna them as talks most as 
does most. Small-neck'd bottles always keeps the 
most noise." 

" You are quite right, Tummas, an' very often it's 
them as canna look after their own business as thinks 
they can mind other people's, and 'ool spend a lot o' 
time and money about it, too." 

" Bother take their lecsions, I say. There's summat 
or other all the time Parliament, Local Board, 
County Councell, Guardians or School Board, there's 
no pace to be had. It dinna use to be so." 

VOL. XXIV. R 



234 MONTGOMERYSHIRE DIALECT (NEWTOWN). 

" No ; but then lecsions were lecsions fifty years 
ago. I'm ould enuff to remember Chomley and Pugh's, 
when there was a man killed fightin' on this very spot. 
Lock-a-day ! Talkin' of pigs, did yo' ever hear about 
ould Jones, Cefnrnawr, and his pigs ?" 

" No." 

" Well, come in to the Buck, and 111 tell ya. It's a 
right good story. What'l ya have ?" 

" Oh ! a glass o' beer, thankee !" 

te No, no. Here, my wench, bring us two drops of 
gin, hot." 

" Here's your very good health, and the missis's." 

" Thankee. Well, I was goin' to tell yo' about 
ould Jones. He was a regular ould screw was Jones, 
and things was running very closs on the polling day. 
It was open voting, in course, an' the poll shet at four 
in them days. The Tories and Whigs, as they call'd 
'em then, wassled up their men oncommon sharp, but 
ould Jones was holding back. ' I binna goin' to vote 
for nobody for nothin',' ses he. So sum of Pugh's 
Cumittee went up in hot haste about three o'clock, 
and found Jones in the fild. ' Come on, man,' ses they, 
' what's thee mean by stopping away? Thee'lt be too late 
if thee doesn't mind.' ' I binna goin' to vote for nothin', 
I tell yo'/ ses he agen. ' Dunna talk about that,' ses 
they. ' But I must and I 'ool talk about it/ ses he ; 
' I know what Turn Edwards got for his'n.' ' Well, 
well, hast 'ee got nothin' to sell ?' ' Yes/ ses he, ' I 
got two young pigs in the kit, come and look at 'em, 
yo' mun give rne ten pound for the two, an' I'll vote 
right and straight.' ' Done, here's two bank-notes for 
thee ; we'll send for the pigs to-morrow.' ' Bin these 
notes good 'tins ?' ses he. ' Good ! what's thee mean, 
dust thee want the pigs and the money ? Give 'em back 
to us. Dunna be stupid, come along quick !' ' I'll be 
with yo' directly, but I must go and fettle myself a 
bit ; I hanna shaved sens Satarday.' ' Never mind 
shaving ; thee canst shave after coming back, the'lt 
shure-lye be too late ; let's go/ So they brought 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE DIALECT (NEWTOWN). 235 

him to town. It was then ten minutes to four. ' I 
must ha' sum mat to drink/ ses he ; but they promised 
him he should have what he liked after he'd voted, 
so, with a little more coaxin', he went up to the Public 
Rooms between two men, and voted all right. ' Now,' 
ses they, ' thee canst go to the Unicorn and call for a 
glass of whatever thee dost like.' So away he went 
and called for a glass of gin. ' Who sent thee here V 
ses they. 'James Hall,' ses he. Then they all laifd, 
and sed he'd cumen to the rung house. ' Well/ sed 
he, ' yo' needna laff, I got money to pay for it/ and out 
he pull'd one of them notes as big-sorted as yo' please. 
Then they laft'd again, and sed, ' Why, that's a bad 
'un ; the bank broke ten years sens/ 'Then/ ses he, 
' by gosh, I'll have my vote back agen/ and off he went 
to the Public Rooms jest in time to see them shet the 
door in his face. He look'd fine and foolish, I can 
tell yo', and how the boys did laff at him, to be shure ! 
Ever sens that yo' had only to say, ' Jones, han yo' got 
any pigs to sell to-day?' if yo' wanted to drive him 
ravin' mad. Poor ould Jones, he's -gone t'other side 
lung ago." 

" I tell yo' what, John, I could ha' sold my pigs 
a dell better in them days than I can now. Yo' mun 
now 'low me to stand treat, and I'll tell yo' a little 
story, tho' I binna so good at that job as yo', but I'll 
do so well as I can. Ould Sir John Edwards, who was 
wanst member for these Burros, had a keeper, Will 
Evan, a clever ould chap with dogs, but an ould fool 
about everything else. ' Will,' ses the ould Sir wan 
evening, ' take one of Fancy's puppies to-morrow 
morning to Squire Evans of Llanidloes. I'll give thee 
a letter with him.' So next morning Will started on 
the little merlin with the pup in a sack behind him, 
over the hills. Jest beyand Staylittle there was a little 
public called Jack y Mawn's. When he got there Will 
began to feel as if a glass of alo 'ood do him good like, 
so he got down, fastened the bridle to a staple, and 
went in. After throwing the sack behind the settle 

R 2 



236 MONTGOMERYSHIRE DIALECT (NEWTOWN). 

he sat down and called for a glass of beer. A couple 
of miners sat in the corner who'd bin there on their 
term for three days. They soon found where Will was 
going, and what for, so one of 'em gave a wink to the 
'tother, who jest now slipp'd out with Will's sack, and 
as passing ketch'd howt of a tom-cat as was sleeping by 
the window. He soon came back, and dropp'd the 
sack agen behind the settle. After puttin' out of sight 
a fiew more glasses of beer Will lighted his pipe, took 
up the sack, and went off as merry as a cricket. 
Wans or twice he thought the puppy was rather unesy 
and made a sound he wannad used to. By-and-bye 
he came to Squire Evans's house and was asked into 
the kitchin, where he sent the letter in to the gentle- 
man, and had summat to ate and drink till he came. 
When he come, ses he, ' Well, William, let's see the 
little dog/ Will cuts the string, and out jumps 
a big black tom-cat and rushes under the dresser, 
spitting and jeeawling summat odd. The maids 
scream'd, the dog bark'd, and there was a fine how-dee- 
doo. It was no use for poor Will to swear the creacher 
was a pup when he started. Muster Evans pack'd him 
off quick with his tom-cat and a letter to ould Sir John, 
saying he wanna going to be made a fool of jest in 
that way, and Will started home, very low sperrited. 
At Jack y Mawn's the miners were waiting for him, 
and gave him a fiew glasses of beer, which soon made 
Will forget his trubble. After a bit one of them slipp'd 
out, but wannat away more than a fiew minutes, and 
in about an hour Will was off agen and reach'd Mach- 
ynlleth before dark. The ould Sir happen'd to be in 
the yard, so Will gave him the letter and then open'd 
the sack, when lo and behold the little puppy. was 
there curled up fast asleep. The ould Sir swore like 
a good 'an, but when he found Will had been drinkin 
he saw throw it all, and laff'd tell he was jest splittin. 
Will never coo'd look a tom-cat in the face after that." 



237 



SAXON EARTHWORKS. 

BY THE LATE H. H. LINES. 



WATT'S Dyke commences north of the camp of Llan- 
yrnynech, at two miles and a half east of Offa's Dyke, 
the great boundary of the kingdom of Mercia. It 
proceeds east of Oswestry to the great camp called 
old Oswestry, or Hendinas. At Gobowen it passes 
between two small camps at Bryn y Castle, and crosses 
the Dee two miles below Ruabon, and one mile east of 
Offa's Dyke. It then passes through Wynnstay Park, 
and about one mile beyond there is a place on the Dyke 
called Pentredawdd ; this is exactly opposite a small 
round fort called Pen y Gardden, on Offa's Dyke. At 
this point Watt's Dyke begins to widen its space to 
two miles, as it passes just outside to the west of 
Wrexham, and continues to widen up to the river 
Alyn near Gresford, where there is a small trenched 
post on the Dyke, and in the middle of the space be- 
tween the Dykes is another Gaer. Tt then passes be- 
tween Caer Estyn and Caer Gwrle, which are not more 
than half-a-mile apart. Soon after, it turns north-west 
to within a mile arid a half of Mold on the west. Here 
it appears to overlap the termination of Offa's Dyke, 
and passing to the west of Northop, it terminates at 
Basing werk Abbey on the Dee near Holy well, about 
fourteen miles beyond where Offa's Dyke is lost, after 
having continued its course nearly parallel to that 
Dyke for nineteen miles. Thus the entire length of 
Watt's Dyke is twenty-three miles, while that of Offa 
is sixty-one miles ; Offa's Dyke extending forty-two 
miles south of the termination of Watt's Dyke, giving 
to Offa a line of rampart of seventy-five miles. 



238 SAXON EARTHWORKS. 

On the east side, and within a range of one day's 
march of these two Welsh dykes, we might expect to 
find, if anywhere, certain camps originating with the 
Saxon invaders. But after a careful examination of the 
country on the east and south of the Dykes that is, 
on the Saxon side we find on the entire length of 
seventy-five miles, from Basingwerk on the Dee to 
Byford on the Wye, nine Roman camps and ten others, 
which, being without any indication of Roman work, 
may be set down to that British or Silurian or Ordo- 
vician army against which the nine Roman camps were 
required to act. There is the same proportional 
equality if we continue the examination south from 
Sutton Walls camp as far as the Do ward on the Wye, 
where the Roman legions appear in the Silurian war to 
have entered upon the real business of the campaign. 
In this southern division there are eight Roman and 
eight Silurian camps, with three undoubted Saxon 
camps, showing the characteristics of high castellated 
mounds. Of one of the above Silurian camps, that of 
Wall Hills, near Ledburv, there can be no doubt that it 

/ * 

shows extensive Roman work, and this exactly equalises 
the relative number of camps, as Wall Hills must have 
belonged in turn to both contending powers. The 
result is, that we find eighteen camps clearly may be 
allotted to each army. If there was this equality of 
power, as indicated in these thirty-six camps, where 
shall we find the Saxon or Mercian strongholds which 
OfFa would require to garrison those long dykes 
seventy-five miles ? Clearly he found them in the old 
Silurian camps ready to his hand, and thus utilised 
them, even after they had been occupied by the 
Romans. It would be a subject of interest to examine 
the reason why OfFa fixed his own residence and court 
afc Sutton Walls, just opposite the south commence- 
ment of his Dyke. 

Examples of Anglo-Saxon earthworks are to be found 
at the place called the Castle, at Ewyas Harold, and 
at Kilpec, where the castle itself, either of wood or 



SAXON EARTHWORKS. 239 

stone, was placed upon a great high mound. Under 
this head, also, come the castles of Launceston and 
Carisbrook. The distinctive feature in the early Saxon 
works was that of a high dungeon mound, which does 
not exist in the early British or Roman works. King 
says of the Saxon earthworks, " They were usually 
slight, and had only one entrance, and they are neither 
so strongly situated nor so well protected as the hill- 
fortresses of the Britons, nor so uniform in their figure 
nor regular in the construction of their works as those 
of the Romans." 

Among those camps of the early Saxons which have 
developed into castellated strongholds, and which have 
the dungeon- mound as a feature, we may class Tre- 
maton in Cornwall and Oakhampton in Devon. Corfe 
in Dorset was in existence in 978 A.D., Bamborough, 
raised by Ida, in 550, Dudley in 700, Somerton 
and Stafford by Ethelfleda, the Mercian princess, 
913 ; also by. the same, Tamworth, Warwick, and 
Bridgnorth. Wigmore, by Edward the Elder, 901. 
York had two Saxon castles. Windsor is said to have 
been raised in the first century. Old Sarum rebuilt 
in 1103. King says its central mound was the original 
British fort. Irving says the citadel was added by the 
Saxons. Both Pevensey and Porchester were Roman 
stations, and both show a subsequent occupation by 
the Saxons and Normans in the remains left standing. 
The above examples show the readiness with which the 
Saxons utilised the more ancient strongholds of their 
predecessors. In fact, it happened that the more 
ancient strongholds, putting aside the Roman camps, 
which appear to have been unsuited to both Britons 
and Saxons, occupied all the salient points of vantage, 
so much so that nothing was left for the early Saxons 
but to re-occupy them. While the old Britons lived 
in their larger camps and called them Dinas, the 
Romans merely occupied their large legionary and con- 
sular camps during one season of a campaign, living 
permanently in stations, in villas, and in cities. The 



240 



SAXON EARTHWORKS. 



Romano-British, after three centuries of Roman rule, 
did not relapse into the habits of their ancient fore- 
fathers, but occupied cities and towns. Their Saxon 
conquerors built castles both of stone and wood. They 
also built monasteries and churches. Their castle- 
keeps, commonly built on high mounds, are quite 
distinct from the older British hill-forts, which do not 
possess dungeon-mounds. In a Roman camp the place 
of honour was its Pretorium, which rarely stood higher 
than the general area of the camp. 

OFFA'S DYKE. 
Offa was King of Mercia towards the end of the eighth century. 



CAMPS 
on the west borders of Dyke 



from its commencement at Byford. 



CAMPS 
on the east borders of Dyke 



Miles along 

the Dyke 
from Bjford. 



Miles distant 

from Dyke, 

West. 

1 ( Small square Camp 
1 ' Caer Din Ring . 

Montgomery Castle and 
Ffridd Baldwin En- 
trenchment 

Caer Flos. R. - 



3. Gaer Vawr and Crow- 
ther. R. 

1. Brynmawr Camp - 
1. ClawdCoch 

Coed y Gaer 



12 
17 
21 
23 

25 
27. 
31 

33 
35 
36 
38 



43 

44* 

46 

49 

52 
55 
58 
59 
60 
64 

66 



Creden HilL R. 
Kenchester. R. - 
Sutton Walls. R. - 
Ivington. R. - - 
Cholstry. R. 
Risbury. Oval - - 
Bache. R. - - - 
Croft Ambury. B. - 
Wigmore Castle. Saxon 
Brandon. R. - - 
Coxwall Knowl. B. - 
Gaer Ditches. B. - 
A small Port on Llandu. 
Clun Castle .. 
Norton Camp. R. - 



Miles distant 
from Dyke, 
East. 

- 3 

- 8 

- 9 

13 

- 14 

- 12 

- 8 

- 7 

- 5 

- 2 

On E. side 

- 3 
12 



Bury Ditches. Round Camp 

Gillings Ring 6 

Caer Din 1 

An Oval Camp ... 4 



Oval Camp, Cribba. Against E. side 
Caer Digol. Round 1 mile 



Breiddin. B. Close to Dyke. 



Llanymynech. E. On the Dyke. 

Passes close on west rampart of 
Chirk Castle, and is only 1% mile 



SAXON EARTHWORKS. 241 

from Watt's Dyke. At two miles beyond Chirk Castle it crosses the Dee, 
and at 2^ miles beyond it passes Ruabon and a small fort west called Pen y 
Gardden. At this point Watt's Dyke is less than one mile on the east. 
Offa's Dyke continues pretty straight for six miles as it passes Minera on 
the west, and at about two miles further at Treiddyn all traces of Offa's 
Dyke disappear after being traced for about seventy-five or seventy-six 
miles north and south. 



SOUTH AND EAST OF OFFA'S DYKE BELOW ITS COM- 
MENCEMENT AT BYFORD ON THE WYE. 

ROMAN CAMPS. BRITISH CAMPS. 

Wall Hills, Thornbury. Eaton on Wye. (Uncertain.) 

Dindor. Ewias Harold. (Saxon.) 

Aconbury. Kilpeck. (Saxon.) 

Caplar. Backbury. (Uncertain ) 

Circuits, Stretton Grandison. Wall Hills, Ledbury. (Altered.) 

Haffield. Herefordshire Beacon. 

Rilbury. Midsummer Hill. 

A Camp near Henlland, on tbe Gadbury Banks. 

Wye. (Square.) Castle Morton. (Saxon.) 

Penyard, near Ross. 

Doward. 

8 Roman. 8 British, 3 Saxon. 



242 



JURY, 3RD ELIZABETH. 



THE annexed list of names of gentlemen who were 
sworn on an Inquisition was found among the Pedes 
Finium of the year 3 Elizabeth. They were each paid 
xd. for their services. It does not appear to have been 
printed hitherto, and is the earliest complete list of an 
Inquisitio Secunda connected with Montgomeryshire 
yet discovered. 



. . . ap Lewis, gen'os 
William Lloyd ,, 

Hugo ap d'd ap John 
D'd ap Jenij ap Owen 
D'd ap Cadw'r ap d'd goz 
Jenii ap holl ap d'd 
John lloid 

lliceus ap Mathew Dee 
D'd ap ll'n ap d'd ap Moris 
Gruffinus bedo ap Jenij ap Ddy 
Hugo ap Owen 
Lewis ap Jenij ap d'd Vicha' 
D'd ap Jenij ap Dackyn benlloyd 
Jenij Gwyn (or Glyn) mad' 
Jenij ap D'd ap Gruff 
D'd goz ap Morga' 
Owen ap Morys ap Owen 
John ap Howel ap Gruff 
Riceus ap Jenij ap d'd 
Ho well ap Owen, gen'os 
Owin ap gyttyn 
Keg'us ap d'd ap gruff 



Will'us ap Gruff ap Jenij 

Howell Bedo, Castell 1 

Riceus ap d'd Bedo 1 

Huffrey ap John goz 

Owen ap Gruff ap glm [gwy- 

lym] 

Lewis ap Thomas ap d'd dege 
Glm ap Gruff ap Jenij 
Holl ap Owen ap gruff 
Res ap d'd ap Jenij ap Mad' 
Jenij goz ap d'd ap Gruff 
Holl ap d'd ap Howell ap Tud'r 
Henry ap 11' ap mors 
D'd ap m'edd ap d'd vichan 
Jenij ap Thomas ap d'd ap lie' 
Thomas Lloyd de Gilsfeld 
Roger ap John Wyn 
Res goz ap d'd ap Ithell 
Gruff ap Thomas 
Thomas ap Jenij ap Oliu' 
Heceusap Edwa'd 
leu'n bedo ap Hugo ap m'edd 



1 See Cyfronydd pedigree, Dwnn's Montgomeryshire Pedigrees, 
reprint, p. 65. 



243 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

BY REV. G. R. GOULD-PUGHE. 



The Claim of the PUGHES OF CWMLLOWI to a descent from the Math- 
afarn family through its Cwmbychan branch ; to which is added 
the pedigree of GEORGE RICHARD GOULD-PUGHE, Clerk, Vicar of 
Mellor, near Blackburn, the writer of this compilation, together 
with an Account of the devolutions of his land, etc. 1 

FOR traditional evidence of my Mathafarn descent 
I can cite the testimony of my father (enough for me), 
who moreover told me that the late Mr. Wynne of 
Peniarth, the antiquary, once offered to investigate his 
pedigree for him (as he did for my cousin, David Lloyd 
of Pant), but that he did not then care about it ; that 
of my late friend, Mr. Joseph Owen Jones, who told 
me at Dolycorsllwyn, forty years ago, that people of my 
family once lived there, at Mathafarn, and at Darowen ; 
that of the late Mr. Owen Owen of Hendre Aber- 
gynolwyn (ob. 1864, aged 81), who knew my great- 
grandfather, Dr. Pughe of Machynlleth, and described 
him as " a sharp little active old man"; and that of his 
eldest son and namesake, my present worthy tenant, 
and his much missed brother, Hugh Owen, recently 
deceased, who together informed me, many years ago, 
that David Lloyd, the wizard of Mathafarn, popularly 

1 I here gratefully record my indebtedness to Mr. Morris C. Jones, 
F.S.A., and other gentlemen whose comments are hereinafter quoted, 
for having courteously countenanced my researches. 1 am also 
under much obligation to the Revs. Canon D. Silvan Evans, B.D., 
Rector of Llanwrin, Richard Jones, Rector of Darowen, Thomas 
Edwards, Rector of Llanfihangel y Pennant, and the Rev. David 
Jones, M.A., Rector of Llanenddwyn, for permission to peruse their 
parish registers. My thanks are further due to my life-long friend, 
Mr. Richard Gillart, for his kind help, 



244 PUG HE OF CWMLLOWI. 

believed to have ridded some house of a ghost, which, 
in the shape of a most offensive monkey, had been 
wont to throw the crockery off the kitchen-dresser, 
was my ancestor the wizard was. I submit that 
these traditions, bar the monkey's tale, which is retailed 
cum grano sails, have weight. 

The Pughes of Cwmllowi descended, it is con- 
jectured, from the Mathafarn stock through its Cwm- 
bychan branch. The same Christian names crop up in 
each family. The Cwmbychan and Cwmllowi 1 estates 
adjoin, and are all in the township of Noddfa, in the 
parish of Darowen. 

Dr. D. C. Lloyd Owen, a native of Darowen, 
remarks : 

" It is a fact that iu the 17th and 18th centuries, descendants 
of the Mathafarn Pughs, both in the male and female line, 
abounded in Darowen and Cemmaes. These were derived from 
the Dolycorsllwyn and Cwmbychan branches." 

Mr. E. Rowley Morris writes me : 

" I agree with your theory that the probabilities are entirely 
in favour of the assumption that the Pughes of Cwmllowi are 
the same Pughes as the Cwmbychan, as we know the latter 
are a branch of the Mathafarn family, if we connect Cwmllowi 
with Cwmbychan family ; the proof will be complete as to 
identity of descent. Though an apparently insignificant fact, 
still, I consider it a very important one, namely, that the 
Cwmllowi Pughes did at an early date adopt a surname on the 
English plan, and did not continue their descents on the ' ap' 
system of nomenclature. In the district of Darowen, and 
indeed all Cyfeiliog, this was quite the exception, the rule 
being, down to a comparatively recent period, to continue to 
christen or name their children on the Welsh plan. All the 
Mathafarn tribe did this early, and as that family was for a 
very long period the leading family in Cyfeiliog, pace the 
Herberts, the cadet branches would assuredly imitate the 
senior line. 



1 Did Cwmllowi once form part of the Mathavarn estate? I 
should infer it did, but it is not expressly stated anywhere. It would 
be an important fact if established. M. C. J. 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 245 

" I believe the Cwmllowi Pughes were firmly settled at 
Cwmllowi from 1650 (or about) to 1750 (or about). 

" Darovven Pughes as landowners: 1606, Edward Pugh, 
gentleman ; 1620, Edward Pugh ; 1629-30, Thomas Pugh ; 
after 1660, Edw. Pugh, Brynuchell township ; Richard Pugh, 
Wernabuch, may be the same person as, 1697, Richard Pugh, 
Noddfa." 1 



The following excerpta are adduced for what they 
may be worth in support of my claim to a Mathafarn 
descent vid Cvvmbychan : 

John ap Hugh of Mathavarn, Esq. (great-grandson 
of David Lloyd of Mathavarn, Esqr. of the body of 
Henry VII), Sheriff for co. Merioneth in 1551, last 
mentioned as a magistrate May 1st. 1570, in which 
year he died, married Catharin, daughter of Sir Rich'd 
Herbert of Mountgomery by his second wife and 
widow, Ann, daughter of David ap John ap Llewelyn 
Vaughan of Trefeglwys, descended from Owen 
Gwynedd, and sister of Griffith ap David ap John, 
Sheriff in 1544. 

This John ap Hugh, or John Pugh, had a daughter, 
Margaret, who married David Lloyd ap Owen ap 
Howell Goch, of Machynlleth, from which union I have 
traced my Mathavarn descent through the Plascanol 
family, as shown under Appendix V. 

Their second son, Rich'd ap John ap Hughe, Gent., 
of Cwmbyehan, contemporary with Lewis Uwnn, and 
mentioned by him in the Mathafarn pedigree, paid the 
subsidy in 1585. By his will, Jan. 18th, 1587, he left 
his mansion house of Cwmbyehan, etc., to his "wedded 
wief " Jane, daughter of Wattkin Thomas, Esq., etc. 

I. " Edd. ap Ric'd, his eldest sonne and heire," was 
his executor. He and his father were both put down 
first in Darowen as taxed for the same estate for the 

1 Mr. M. C. Jones has considerately enabled me to refer to pages 
220, 222, 223, and 226 of this volume, wherein Edward Pugh of 
Coomllowy. Gen v 1673; Ric'us Pugh de Darowen, Gen., 1674 ; Edr'us 
Pugh de Penrhose, Gen., 1674; and Edwardus Pughe de Penrhose, 
Gen., are successively described as Grand Jurors. 



246 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

subsidy in 1608-9 and 1620. He was Deputy Sheriff 
in 1611 Mr. E. R. Morris has discovered, and a Grand 
Juror at Welshpool in 1612. Mr. Morris adds that 
" this Edward was the first to adopt the surname 
Pughe in Darowen parish. There was no other Pughe 
in the parish at his period (1608)." 

u. John Pugh of Cwmbychan, Gent., his brother, 
and the second son, was a Grand Juror at Welshpool 
frequently from 1612 to 1638, at which date he was a 
witness, and described himself as the son of Blchard 
ap John ap Hughe, who owned both Cwmbychan 
mawr, comprising 497 acres (then called " mwya", 
alias "ucha"), and Cwmbychan Bach, 397 acres (then 
" issa", or " llaia"). He was buried at Darowen in 1647. 
His wife was Margery, or Marsli, daughter of Edward 
Herbert of Cemmes, Gent. (ob. 9th April 1639), son of 
John Herbert of Kemmaes, Gent., second son by second 
marriage of Sir Eichard Herbert of Montgomery, Knt. 
Ellaine, Mary, Gaynor, 1 his two other daughters, and a 
child yet unborn, are mentioned in Rich'd ap John ap 
Hughe's will. 

" Richard Pugh of Penrhos, Gent., was 40 years old in 
1637-8." (R R. Morris.) 

" Bapt. Elizabetha filia Richard! Pugh et Catharinae Edward 
uxoris ejus nata fuit die Satur. So die Octobris et Bapt. die 
Solis crastina 1646." (Darowen Parish Register.) 

" 8 Dec., 14 Chas. II, 1662. Richanlus Pugh de Cwmllowi, 
p'och de Darowen, in com. Mountg., gen., venit cora me, 
Roger Mostyn ar'o uno Justic. diet. D'mi Regis ad Pacem." 
(Mont. Coll.) 

Mr. Morris says, " He was prosecuting a man for 
stealing a wether sheep. Whoever he was, it is morally 
certain he must have been of Mathafarn blood." 

In 1665, Edward Pughe of Cwmllowi occurs, and in 
1667, Richard Pugh of Dolgadfan. 

Dr. D. C. Lloyd Owen found at Wynnstay two 

1 This name " Gaynor" seems suggestive of relationship to Edward 
Pughe of Cwmllowi, ob. 10 April 1766, who had a granddaughter so 
called. 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 247' 

mentions of the Pughs of Cymllowi the first, Richard 
Pugh of Cwmllowi in 1665, and the second, Edward 
Pugh of Cwmllowi in 1676. He wrote : 

o 

" Either these were brothers, or, what is more probable, 
father and son. If so, the first named would be the grand- 
father and the second the father (in all probability) of the 
Eich'd Pugh who died in 1728 (vide infra). At any rate, 
there is no possible doubt that Pughs were at Cwmllowi in 
1662 and 1665. This brings us nearer to the Mathafarn origin 
for of that origin I have little doubt, though I have no 
proof." 

The Rev. W. V. Lloyd says : 

" I have carefully gone over your numerous extracts, and 
am quite of the opinion of Dr. Lloyd Owen, that the Cwmllowi 
family descended through Cwmbychan from the Pughs of 
Mathafarn. Like him, I am in no position at present to furnish 
pi'oof or go beyond probability or conjecture. I conjecture 
that Richard Pugh (1662 and 1665) and Edward Pugh (1676), 
both of Cwmllowi, were sons of John Pugh of Cwmbychan. 
I meet with no mention of anyone else meeting the require- 
ments of their position as gentry, holders of property and 
contemporaries in the parish of Darowen. Moreover, this is 
the descent confirmed by family tradition (Owen pedigree) ; I 
have very little doubt that it is the correct one. " Still, from 
my experience in such matters, I should like confirmation." 

In 1676 Edward Pugh is mentioned in "a writ de 
dedimus potestatem" (Record Office.) 

In 1697 Richard Pugh of Noddfa, " I think this 
must be the husband of Catharine, of 1724." (E. R. 
Morris.) 

Letters of administration were granted to Catharine, 
relict of Ed. Pugh of Ystrad, in May 1700. 

1703, Edw'd Pugh (administration). 

Richard Pugh of Cwmllowi, Gentleman, was a grand 
juror in 1702, 1706, and 1708, "probably identical 
with Richard Pugh of Noddfa in 1697, who was col- 
lector of the subsidy, and described as of Noddfa 
because it was the township he was collector of." 
(E. R. Morris.) 



248 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

My pedigree is traceable in the next recited deed, 
wills, my own muniments, and other authentic records 
undermentioned. 

A Copy of Indentures of Lease and Release, dated 
19th and 20th June 1724, kindly lent me by Mr. David 
Ho well of Craig y Don, Aberdovey, shows that 

T. CATHEEINE Puan 1 was then alive (but very old, 
since her granddaughter Catherine had then been 
married five years minus a month), and that her grand- 
son, Ed. Pughe, was then engaged to Jane Richard, 
spinster. It recites that Tythin Blaen Cwmllowi, 
Eskair ganol, alias Tythin Eskair onnen, and Tythin 
y Groesnant, alias Tythin y Fedw, all in the town- 
ship of Noddfa, in Darowen, were limited to the use 
and behoof of this Catherine Pugh, mother of 

IT. RICHARD PUGH of Cwmllowi, Gent., for her life. 
It further shows that four " mess'es, etc., called Cwm- 
llowy Issa, Tythin y bwlch, Ty yn y Pant, and Tythin 
canol Cwmllowi", belonged to the said Richard Pugh. 

This Richard Pugh (n) of Cwmllowi, by will dated 
Sept. 6th, 1728, and proved, St. Asaph, Oct. 28th, 
1728, appointed his wife Mary and his younger son-- 
Eichard Pughe (in), to be coequal executors. 

" Mary Pugh wid. of Cwmllywi was buried ye 25 of 
Sepr. 1741." (Darowen Parish Register.) 

Edward Pughe of Cwmllowi, their eldest son, 

1 I extracted the following from St. Asaph Registry : 

"Mallwyd Before the same Surrogate May 11, 1749 The Will 
of Richd. Pugh late of Mallwyd, Gentleman, dec'd was then proved 
in common form of Law and Adm. of all and singular the goods, 
etc., of the Testator was granted to Edward Pugh and David 
Pierce Co Executors [note David Pierce the younger, of Mallwyd, 
Gent., became second husband to Jane Richard, Edward Pughe 
of Cwmllowi's widow] in Will named No Inventory exhibited." 

" Mallwyd Adm. of all and singular the goods, etc., of Hum- 
phrey Pugh late of the s'd Parish yeoman dec'd was then com- 
mitted to Catherine Pugh wid. rel'ct and legal Administratrix of" 
(vide Mont. Coll., vol. viii, i, p. 50). 

" Llangadfan 1766 Will of Catherine Pugh late of Hendre wid. 
dec'd all granted to Jane Pughe d't'r testatrix and executrix." 



PDGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 249 

married Jane Richard, spinster, first cousin to Morris 
Griffith of Gyllye, Cemmes, Gent. 

By his will, dated 8th Sept. 1729, proved St. 
Asaph, Jan. 1731, he bequeathed unto his eldest son, 
Richard Pughe, Cwmllowi issa, Tyddyn fron, and Cwm- 
llowi Ucha; and he was "buried ye llth day of 1731." 
(Darowen Register.) 

Kichard Pughe, their eldest son, of Mallwydd, Gent., 
in his will, Nov. 22nd, 1748, proved llth 'May 1749, 
at St. Asaph, mentioned his cousin Richard Pugh, 
only son of his late uncle, 1 Richard Pugh (in), clerk, 
deceased, and entailed on his only brother, Edward 
Pugh, Cwmllowi issa, Cwmllowi Bach, and Cwmllowi 
Ucha, in Darowen, and Tunyrwtra, in Cemmes. Ob. s. p. 

The said only brother, Edward Pugh of Cwmllovvi, 
baptised at Darowen March 10th, 1731, and buried 
there April 10th, 1766, left, by his wife Ester, a second 
daughter. Mary, baptised April 19th, 1764, who was 
married by licence at Darowen, Dec. 10th, 1781, to 

1 Extracted by me from St. Asaph Registry : 

" Richard Pugh, Clerk, licensed Schoolmaster in the Free School of 
Llanroost 3rd Sept. 1763. Also licensed Curate of Llauddogget 
1763." 

" Richard Pugh clerk collated and instituted to the Rectory and 
Parish Church of Llanddogget Denbigh 1767." 

But that Richard Pugh of Mallwyd mentions Richard Pugh, 
clerk (to whose only son, Richard Pugh, his cousin, he left a guinea), 
in his will, 1748, as his late uncle deceased, I should conclude 
Richard Pugh, clerk, named in the above extracts, and this uncle 
Richard Pugh, clerk, identical. 

My uncle, John Pughe, clerk, thus described his grandfather, 
Richard Pughe, the surgeon's father and Lowry's husband, as "Richard 
Pughe C. of Llanenddwyn, afterwards (I think) (sic) of Lanerfyl son 
of Pughe of Cwmllywy, etc." 

I consider the Richard Pughs, clerks, of Llanddoget and of Llan- 
erfyl ("?) the same person, and think ^that the testator, Richard 
Pugh of Mallwyd, who, as his will runs, was " Labouring under 
some Indispositions of body yet being of sound and disposing mind, 
etc.", was also labouring under a wrong impression that his uncle 
was dead. Even as, when the Prince of Wales was ill, I, hearing 
of his death, had the bell muffled and tolled for him. 

Llanddoget is described in the Clergy List, 1845, as a rectory, 
Denb., post-town Llanroost. But it is not down in Crockford, 1885. 

VOL. XXIV. S 



250 PUGHE OF CWMLLOW1. 

William Lewis Owen, Gent., of Caerberllan, second 
son of Lewis Owen, Sheriff of Merioneth in 1761, in 
whose pedigree, headed "Owen Caerberllan, 1746", 
Mary Pugh's father, Edward Pugh of Cwmllowi, is 
described as "descended from the Pugh of Mathafarn." 1 
A copy of this "Owen Caerberllan, 1746" pedigree 
(vide Appendix I), (which I have verified in several 
places by comparing it with the History of Llanegryn, 
by the late Mr. W. W. E. Wynne of Peniarth, with 
the Kalendars of Gwynedd, with Burkes Peerage, 
1858, arid his Landed Gentry, 1863, was given Mr. 
Owen Owen by the late Miss Richards, an antiquary, 
daughter of the Rev. Thomas Richards, who was thirty- 
seven years Vicar of Darowen, and died in 1837, aged 
eighty-three. 

Mr. Owen Owen, himself a good genealogist, and a 
descendant of the Baron Lewis Owen, as his pedigree 
(Appendix VI), perfected by the late Mr. Wynne of 
Peniarth, proves, has books given him by the late 
Miss Davies of Penmaen Dovey. His father was a 
friend of her father, the late Rev. Walter Davies, who 
composed the following lines upon him : 



i " Very fair corroborative evidence. Here I may say that I find 
no reference throughout made to arms. I would suggest, as a strong 
support to this asserted (1746) genealogical connection of Cwm- 
llowi with Cwmbychan or Mathavarn, the heraldic argument or 
evidence that Cwmllowi, in common with Mathafarn, bore ' Arg. a 
lion passant sable, between three fleurs-de-lis, gules'. There must be 
instances in which family muniments or monuments show the arms 
borne by the Cwmllowi branch. Cwmllowi deeds of an early date, 
say, shortly after the bifurcation of Cwmbychan and Cwmllowi, 
ought to give seals of the arms borne by the latter family. ( W. V. 
LI.)" Such Cwmllowi deeds may be found at Peniarth, for, as 
intimated by the late Mr. Wynne, in Mont. Coll., vol. ix, p. 399, 
there are "heaps of Cemmaes and Darowen deeds at Peniarth". I 
have the kind permission of W. R. M. Wynne, Esq., to search them 
when I may have the opportunity. I cannot yet find the acreage of 
Cwmllowi Ucha, it being now joined to the estates of Messrs. D. 
Howell and Bonsall. But, as Cwmllowi issa contains 601 acres, 
there must be deeds somewhere to illustrate the pedigree of their 
quondam owners, the Pughes. 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 251 

" I edrich gwely Idris ei greigiau a'e llyniau 
I lys ar arweinydd goreu yn fywr 
Owain Owan eu." 

" To Idris' chair these rocks and lakes 
The safest guide with brandy and cakes 
Owen Owen is the man, 
Follow him up let those who can." 

Catherine, daughter of Richard and Mary Pughe of 
Cwmllowi, and sister of Edward Pughe, married, May 
21st, 1719, Hugh Jones of Aberllewellin, Cemmes, 
Gent, (from Cadwgan of Nannau) ; and Robert Jones 
was their eldest son. 

in. Richard Pugh, clerk, younger son of Richard 
and Mary Pugh of Cwmllowi, and brother to Edward 
and Catherine, married Lowry Tibbots, eldest daughter 
of John Tibbots, B.A., clerk, Vicar of Darowen, and 
his wife Anne, whose pedigrees are appended (Appendix 
II). Richard and Lowry Pughe's only son was 

iv. RICHARD PUGHE, surgeon and apothecary, of 
Machynlleth, since of Llanegryn, then of Hendre Aber- 
gynolwyn, who, by his wife Mary, daughter of William 
and Anne Tibbot of Aberhirddowen, co. Merioneth, 
had two sons, 

i. Richard Pughe, the elder son, of whom presently (v), 
and 

ii. William Pughe, B. A., clerk, and J. P., Rector of Mallwyd 
(year of admission, 1827), ob. Feb. 13th, 1852, in his 
eighty-seventh year, formerly Curate of Talyllyn 
and Llandrinio. He married Mary Owen of Ddolgoed, 
only surviving younger child of John Owen, Gentle- 
man, related to Dr. Rowland Owen of Dolgelly, the 
famous bonesetter, and to Mr. Owen Owen of Hendre. 
(Appendix VI.) 

v. RICHARD PUGHE, B.A., clerk, the elder son, was 
appointed Master of Llanegryn Free School, by William 
Wynne of Peniarth, Esq., about 16th Jan. 1782 ; Vicar 
of Llanegryn from 5th June 1786 to 3rd July 1812; 
afterwards Rector of Llanfrothen with the P. C. of 
Bethgelert. He died llth Jan. 1837, in his seventy- 
fifth year. I have his portrait, painted by Sharpies 

S 2 



252 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

in 1813, and 160 lines of a poetic correspondence 
between him and Edward Corbet of Ynysymaengwyn, 
Esq. He married Elizabeth (ob. Dec. 23rd, 1837, in 
her seventy-fifth year), widow of David Davies of 
Pant, who died in 1786, aged twenty-eight, leaving 
an only daughter, Mary, who was grandmother to 
David Lloyd, the present owner of Pant and Gwydd- 
fryniau, in Llanegryn. The said Elizabeth was daugh- 
ter of Robert Morgan of Plascanol, near Barmouth, 
by his wife, Mary Thomas, whose pedigree is appended 
(Appendix IV), and sister of Robert Morgan of Cerrig- 
ydrudion, clerk, who, by will dated Nov. 16th, 1808, 
left to his wife, Elizabeth Morgan, and to her heirs 
for ever, Cwrnllegoediog and Cefn Cwmllegoediog, in 
Mallwyd, and entailed Plascanol and Garddaniel, in 
Llanaber, on her for her life, then on his brother, 
Pierce Morgan, for his life, then on Robert Morgan, 
son to Pierce Morgan, for his life, then on his sister 
Elizabeth Pughe for her life, and then on her eldest 
son (vi), Richard Pughe, my father, and his heirs for 
ever. My father sold his reversion to his cousin 
Robert Morgan, who died May 21st, 1884, aged eighty, 
and whose daughter, Mrs. Anne Owen, widow, the 
present owner, has lent me the Plascanol Pedigree, a 
copy of which is under Appendix V. 

The issue of the Rev. Richard Pughe (v) and Eliza- 
beth his wife were : 

i. Richard Pughe, the eldest son, and my father, of 

whom presently (vi). 

ii. John Pughe, B.A., second son, Incumbent of Llan- 
fihangel y Traethau, with Llandecwyn, ob. July 2nd, 
1861. My father considered him a good genealogist, 
and a pedigree made by him has helped me mate- 
rially with this, 
iii. Robert Pughe, Doctor at Bangor Dispensary, ob. in 

1825. 

iv. Hugh Pughe, ob. Dec. 24th, 1822, aged twenty-one, 
v. William Pughe, ob. July 24th, 1826, aged twenty, 
vi. Edward Pughe, ob. May 28th 1863. 

(None of these junior sons married.) 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 253 

vii. Elizabeth, ob. Jan. 12th, 1861, spinster, aged twenty- 
eight. 

viii. Anne Pughe, ob. Aug. 5th, 1796, aged five years, 
ix. Jane Pughe, ob. June 30th, 1836, aged forty. Evan 
Jones of Ynysfor, ob. July 1st, 1853, aged sixty, was 
her husband ; their eldest son is John Jones of 
Ynysfor, Esq., J.P. for cos. Merioneth and Car- 
narvon, and C.C. for Merioneth ; and his eldest son, 
by his wifo Lydia, daughter and co-heiress of John 
Jones of Oaklands, Esq., is Evan Bowen Jones, now 
an undergraduate at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. 
(Appendix X.) 

vi. RICHARD PCJGHE, the eldest son and my father, 
B.A., and Magistrate for Montgomeryshire, Kector of 
Llanfihangel yn Gwynfa, formerly Curate of Llanaber, 
of Llanfechan, and of Llansaintffraid yn Mechain, where 
he built the Sunday and Day School in the church- 
yard, ob. Jan. 30th 1858, in his sixty-sixth year. 
He pulled down the old mansion-house of Abergyn- 
olwyn, described to me by Messrs. Owen as " large, 
long, and low", and built Hendre and its quadrangle 
of farm buildings in 1844, when he utilised the massive 
oak beams of the old house-roof by roofing the barn 
with them. 

He was married by the Rev. Wm. Clive, M.A., 
afterwards the Archdeacon, Jan. 1st, 1829, at Welsh- 
pool Church, to my mother, Jane Gould Withy of 
Golfa, ob. 15th June 1858, aged sixty, eldest daughter 
of Thomas Withy of Golfa, ob. 8th March 1852, aged 
seventy-nine, who had the superintendence of the 
whole of the forgings of the Menai Bridge, by his wife 
Jane, ob. 5th Jan. 1859, aged eighty-four, at Golfa, 
sister of George Gould of Golfa, Esq., J.P. and D.L., 
ob. 18th May 1835, aged seventy-seven, my godfather, 
to whom I am indebted for Golfa, and who, in the days 
of the old Royal Navy, was Inspector of the Oak 
Forests for Hertfordshire, Montgomeryshire, and Rad- 
norshire. He was one of the family of fourteen (seven 
sons and seven daughters) of Captain George Gould of 
Mile End, who was a son of Ignatius Gould, and a 



254 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

grandson of Garrett Gould of Knockraha, near Cork, 
who, ob. 1699, had been a Captain of Dragoons at the 
battle of Worcester, on the King's side. The first of 
these Goulds who went from England to Ireland was 
Arthur Gould, son to Arthur Gould of Gould's Mount, 
Devon, in the reign of Harry the Second, about 1180. 
He married in the Musgarrj family (McCharty). 
The second wife of Captain George Gould of Mile 
End, London, and mother of George Gould of Golfa, 
was Elizabeth Somerson of Mentmore, Bucks, ob. 24th 
Aug. 1823, aged ninety-three. She was the daughter 
of ... Somerson, a native of Scarborough, goldsmith 
and jeweller in the Minories, and his wife Elizabeth, 
the eldest daughter of Joseph Rayne of Mentmore, by 
his wife Elizabeth Mumford. Joseph's father was 
Thomas Rayne of Mentmore, who was eighty years old 
in 1707, and son of Nicholas Rayne. My grandfather, 
Thomas Withy (the third of whose sons was the late 
William Henry Withy, Esq., formerly Mayor of Welsh- 
pool, ob. 19th March 1888, aged seventy-six), was the 
fifth son of William Withy, a surgeon in Castle Street, 
Cripplegate, ob. 1788, by his wife Mary Lay ton, sister 
to Edward Layton. William was the second son of 
Hillborne Withy, upholsterer, Colman Street, whose 
eldest son, Robert, was a stockbroker, known as " Bob 
Short", the whist player. Robert's eldest son, Robert, 
ob. about 1845, was a money scrivener (solicitor), of 
Buckingham Street, Strand, of Bletchingly in Sussex, 
and of Brighton. He was thrice married, first to Miss 
Burton. His daughter Mary, ob. 13th Dec. 1837, 
lived at Cheltenham, afterwards at Stapleton, near 
Bristol. Sarah, another of his daughters, ob. 25th 
Feb. 1853 ; married, 27th April 1815, the Hon. Morti- 
mer Rodney, bom 13th Dec. 1791, ob. 30th March 
1856, at Lanfanque, France, son of George, second 
Baron, whose father, George-Brydges Rodney, was 
elevated to the peerage as Baron Rodney of Rodney- 
Stoke, co. Somerset, 19th June 1782, for the victory 



PtJGHE OF CWMLLOWL 255 

he had achieved over the French fleet commanded by 
the Comte de Grasse in 1 783. 

The Rev. Richard Pughe and his wife Jane Gould 
had eight children : 

i. Jane Gould Pughe of Cefn Hendre, Carnarvon, 
ii. George Richard Gould>Pughe, clerk, myself, eldest son, 
of whom presently. 

iii. Elizabeth, who married the Eev. Edward Evans, B.A., 
Rector of Llanfihangel yn Gwynfa, 16th August 
1871. His pedigree is recorded in Mont. Coll., 
vol. v, p. 269. They have three sons John Evans, 
Edward Evans, and Thomas Pughe Evans, all at 
Oswestry School. 

iv. Anne Pughe, married, 15th April 1863, to Thomas 
Openshaw Lornax of Bodfach, Sheriff of Montgomery- 
shire, 1874, ob. March 6th, 1882, the eldest son of 
the late John Lomax, Esq., J.P., of Springfield, co. 
Lancaster and Bodfach, Sheriff of Montgomeryshire, 
1862, by Anne, daughter of Thomas Openshaw, Esq., 
of High Bank, Bury, co. Lancaster. 

The issue of the late T. 0. Lomax and his wife are : 

1. John Lomax, eldest son, of Bodfach, J.P. for Mont- 

gomeryshire. 

2. Charles Edward Lomax. 

3. Annie Elizabeth Lomax. 

v. Charlotte Pughe, married, 23rd Sept. 1862, Richard 
Griffiths, F.R.C.S., of Aberhiriaeth Hall, Cemmes, 
ob. 5th April 1875. Their issue are : 

1. Richard Pughe Griffiths, solicitor, Cefn Hendre, Car- 

narvon. 

2. Catherine Mary Griffiths. 

3. Elizabeth Ellen Griffiths. 

vi. Mary Lay ton Pughe, ob. unmarried at Manor House, 

Llanfyllin. 

vii. William Anthony Pughe, educated at Ruthin, solicitor, 
a Coroner for the County, Town Clerk of Llanfyllin, 
and Master of the North Montgomeryshire Harriers 
for the last twenty-three years. 

viii. John Thomas Pughe, educated at Ruthin and Jesus 
College, Oxford, M.A., Head Master of Upper St. 
Leonard's School, St. Leonard's-on-Sea. 

vii. GEORGE RICHARD GOULD-PUGHE, born at Golfa, 
17th April 1831, educated at Oswestry and Shrews- 



256 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

bury Schools ; Trinity College, Oxford ; and St. Bees' 
College. Ordained, St. Asaph, 20th Dec. 1857 ; 
formerly curate of Bettws yn .Rhos ; Aberhafesp ; 
St. Peter's, Blackburn ; St. John's, Blackburn ; and 
Holy Trinity, Darwen, Lancashire ; married at Mold 
Church, 5th July 1859, Elizabeth Roberts Johnson, 
only surviving child of the late Thomas and Elizabeth 
Johnson of Maesgarmon, near Mold, and the grand- 
daughter of the late Mrs. Da vies of Maesgarmon. 
Licensed to the P. C. of St. Mary, Mellor (since con- 
stituted a vicarage), 27th Dec. 1864, and have issue : 

i. GEORGE RICHARD GOULD PUGHE, jun., born 13th Nov. 
1861, educated at Bossall, solicitor, Exchange Street, 
Blackburn. 

ii. Philip Withy Johnson Pughe, born 22nd Feb. 1865, 

died 20th Nov. 1 865. 

iii. William Arthur Pughe, born 17th Oct. 1871, was 
educated at Trent College, Nottingham. 

iv. Richard Dodgson Hilborne Pughe was born 13th May 
1880. 

v. Laura Jane Elizabeth Pughe. 

vi. Clara Mary Layton Pughe, who was married at 
Mellor Church, June 18th, 1889, by the Eight 
Rev. F. Cramer-Roberts (Assist. Bishop, Vicar of 
Blackburn, and Rural Dean), to Ashley Tregonning 
Corfield (Cantab.), clerk, formerly Curate of Balder- 
stone, now Vicar of Tockholes, near Blackburn, fifth 
son of the late Rev. Frederick Corfield, J.P., Chaplain 

to Lord Clermont, and Rector of Heanor, Derby- 
,. ' ' J 

shire. 

vii. Ada Gwenellen Pughe. 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 257 

APPENDIX I. 
" OWEN CAERBERLLAN, 1746." 

Meuric, King of Dyfed or Dimetiag, was one of the four knights that 
carried the four golden swords before King Arthur at the great feast at 
Caerlleon upon Uske. He bore arms, Azure a chevron or between three 
cocks argent. He was the father of Sant Telyn, the father of Cynan 
Campysgwyd (? Campysgwydd) for the wide shoulder, the father of 
Cynan, the father of Seisyllt, the father of Llanuwrid (? Llanwrydd, the 
bloody hand). Dyfed, the father of Collwyn, the father of Gwyn, tie 
father of Ifor, the father of Cadwgan, the father of Llywelyn, 
the father of Gryffydd, the father of Cadwgan, the father of Cad- 
wgan Fawr, the father of Gryffyth Madog, the latter of whome 
was the father of leuan, the father of Cadwgan, who married 
Gwenllian, the daughter of Dafydd ap leuan Vychan ap leuan ap Gwynn- 
llydd ap Madoc Cadifor ap Hynuillin ap Gwaethfod, lord of Cardigan, 
descended from Elphin, the son of Gwydno Garanhir, lord of Cantref 
Gwalod ; by her he had issue: leuan, the father of Madoc, the father of 
Gruffydd dda, the father of Llywelyn, the father of Howel, who married 
Gwenhwyfar, the daughter of Meuric ap Gryfydap leuan Llwyd, and had 
a son called Owen ap Howel, who married Gwenhwyf or, the daughter and 
heir of Meuric ap leuan dref ap Einion ap Einion ap Gryffydd ap 
Llywelyn ap Tudur ap Gwyn ap Peredur ap Ednowen ap Bradwen, 
one of the fifteen tribes of North Wales, and had issue a daughter called 
Jennet, married, had one son called Lewis Owen, Esq., commonly called 
the Baron, Sheriff of Merionethshire, in 1546 and 1555. in which year he 
died. By his wife Margaret, daughter to Robert Puleston, M.A., Rector 
of Whiteford and of Gresford, brother to Sir John Puleston, King's 
Chamberlain of North Wales, he had seven sens and four daughters, 
namely, first, John Lewis Owen, Esq., ancestor to the Owens of Bron- 
glydwr and Erwgoed, etc. ; second, Hugh Owen, of whom hereafter ; 
third, Edward Owen of Hengwrt, whose daughter and heir, in default of 
issue male, married Howel Yaughan of Gwengraig ; fourth, Griffith Owen 
married the daughter and Hair (sic) of David Llwyd, Peuiarth, Esq. ; fifth, 
Robert Owen ; sixth, Simon Owen, married daughter and heir of Griffith 
ap Howel Griffith of Havod Dywyll, ancestor to the Owens of Ty Gwyn, 
Garth Anghared, Pant, Philip, etc.; seventh, Eliza Wynne; eighth, 
Elin, married David Lloyd ap Tudor Fychan, ancestor to the Vychan of 
Caerynwch ; ninth, Elizabeth, to Richard Nanney of Cefn Deuddwr ; tenth, 
Catherine m. leuan ap David Llywd of Ceiswyn, Esq., Sheriff of 
Merionethshire in 1558 and 1562 ; eleventh, Mary, to John Wynne 
in the vale of Clwyd. Hugh Owen Caerberllan, Esq., second son of 
Lewis Owen, married Catherine, daughter to John Pugh ap leuan of 
Mathafarn, Esq., ap David Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Griffith ap leuan 
Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Tudur ap Gronwy ap Einion ap Seisyllt, Lord 
Merioneth, by whom he had three sons and three daughters : first, John 
Owen, Esq. ; second, Edward Owen, married Ann, daughter to Ryderch 
Hughes. M. A. ; third, Evan Owen ; fourth, Ursula, married to Llwyd of 
Berthllwyd ; fifth, Ann, to John ap Richard of Cefn Caer ; sixth, John 
Owen of Caerberllan, Esq., married to Elizabeth, daughter to Cadwaladar 
Price of Rhiwlas, Esq., ap John ap Wynne ap Cadwaladar ap Roberts ap 
Rhys ap Meredydd ap Tudor ap Howel ap Cynfrig Vychan ap Cynfrig ap 
Llowarch Heilin (cupbearer) Cloff ap Tyfid Trafog ap Tangano ap Ystwyth 



258 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

ap Marchwyllt ap Marchweithian, one of the fifteen tribes of North Wales 
about 720, by whome he had two sons and four daughters : first, Hugh 
Owen, Esq.; second, Edward Owen, Esq.; third, Jane Owen, married to 
Edward Morgan of Mawddwy, ap John ap Thomas ; fourth, Catherine, to 
Cockburn of .... in Ireland; fifth, to Captain Santhon; fifth, Ursula. 
Hugh Owen of Caerberllan, Esq., married daughter to Owen ap Griffith ap 
John ap leuan of . . . . and had issue two daughters : first, Catherine, 
the wife of Richard Evans of Dolgelly, and surviving him, she married 
Griffith Nanney of Cefn Deuddwr; second, Ursula, the wife of John Evans, 
brother to the above Richard Evans, who died without issue by her ; she 
married Wilson of Irelan, and had one son, John Owen of Caerberllan, 
Esq., married Susannah, daughter to Richard Owen of Morben, ap John 
Owen ap Howel Goch ap Griffith ap Llywelyn ap Griffith ap Philip ap 
Madog ap Griffith Hirgurn ap Llywelyn ap Howel ap Madoc ap Griffith 
ap Gwronw ap Gwrgenaw ap Hedliw ap Cadwgan ap Elystan Glochyd, 
by whom he had issue a son and four daughters: first, Hugh Owen, Esq. ; 
second, Margaret, the wife of Edward; third, Elizabeth, married to Mere- 
dith Jones ap Griffith ap John ap Lewis ap Griffith ap Howel Bedo ; 
fourth, Jane ; fifth, Bridget, married Rowland Owen ap Edward Owen ap 
Robert Owen of Ty gwyn, ap Simon Owen of Hafod Dywyll. Hugh 
Owen of Caerberllan, Esq., married Margaret, daughter to John Nanney, 
Esq., by whom he had one daughter, Margaret, married to Edward Wynne 
of Llangower ; his second wife was Jane, daughter and heir of William 
Tudur of Egryn, ap Hugh ap William ap Tudur Griffith ap Ednyfed 
ap Griffith Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Ednyfed ap Uned ap Tegwared ap 
lorwerth ap Eden ap Ithel Edryd ap Inethen ap lapheth ap Carwed ap 
Maredidd, one of the fifteen tribes of North Wales ; by her had issue : first, 
John Owen, who died young; second, Hugh Owen; third, Lewis Owen, who 
died without issue. Hugh Owen of Caerberllan, Esq., married Ann, the 
daughter of William Da vies of Glanalaw, in the county of Anglesea, Esq., 
High Sheriff of that county in the year 1692, descended from Cadrodhard, 
Lord of Talybolion, by whom he had issue : first, John Owen ; second, 
Lewis Owen, who married Catharine, the daughter of William Lewis of 
Trysglwyn, in the county Anglesey, High Sheriff of that county in the 
year 1710, descended from Hwva ap Cynddelw, of the fifteen tribes of 
North Wales, who lived in the time of Owen Gwynedd, whose office by 
inheritance it was to bear the Prince's coronet, and to put it on his head 
when the Bishop of Bangor anointed him, and by her had issue four sons 
and one daughter: first, John Owen; second, William Lewis Owen; third, 
Hugh Owen; fourth, Edward Owen ; fifth, Ann Owen. William Owen 
married Mary, the second daughter of Edward Pugh ofCivmllywy, Darowen, 
and descended from the Pugh of Mathafarn, and had issue : first, John Owen, 
second, Catharine; third, Mary; fourth, Gainor; fifth, Edward Pugh Owen; 
sixth, Esther; seventh, William Owen. 

So ends the " Owen Caerberllan, 1746", pedigree. Humphrey Owen 
(brother to the late Owen Owen of Hendre, ob. 1864, a. 81) married 
Gaynor. 

" Christened. 1788, 26th of March, Gaynor, daughter of William Lewis 
Owen, gent., and Mary his wife. Christened llth of October 1789 ; 
Edward Pughe, son of William Lewis Owen, gent., and Mary his wife. 
Christened in the year 1796. William, son of William Owen of Caerberllan, 
by Mary his wife, was baptised January the 30th, 1796. 

" Baptisms. 1811, Owen, son of Humphry Owen, by Gaynor his wife, 
was bap, Novr. 27th." (From Llanfihangel y Pennant Parish Register.) 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 259 



APPENDIX II. 

THE PEDIGREE OF THE TIBBOTTS, and the devolution of their 
lands : 

" In the year of King Henry the Eighth, tricesimo post 
conquest. Anglise (1522) John ap Reynald confirmed unto 

leuan a free man of the Comot of Estymand, co. 

Merioneth, one in the village of Maystrefnant 

to David ap leuan ap Owen, and a place to build Moylvrey 
vechan, with all its parts, meadows, pastures, etc." 

" David ap leuan ap Owen bought y fach gouch and y Tythyn 
Duy in the year of the reign of Henry VIII, the twenty- 
seventh." (A.D. 1536.) 

" David ap leuan ap Owen, Gruff ap leuan ap Owen, and 
Bees ap leuan ap Owen, bought 12 acres of arable land in 
Maestrefnant, July 10th, in the seventh year of the reign of 
King Henry VIII." (1516.) 

" On the day of June PP after the feast of the Assumption 
of the blessed Mary the Virgin, in the year of the reign of 
Henry VIII, after the English conquest the thirteenth, A.D. 
1522, Tyddyn y bryn dan Voyevre was confirmed to Gruff ap 
leuau ap Owen/' 

" Tythyn Bach was confirmed to David ap leuan ap Owen, 
May 1st, in the year of Henry VIII the seventeenth." (A.D. 
1527.) 

So far from Charters in abbreviated Latin. 1 

" Gruff ap leuan ap Owen paid his mortgage upon Tyddyn 
y llwyn of syx-ti off good and lawffull money off inglond upon 
tyddyn y llwyn in Maestrefnant, the yer off the raygn off 
Edward the Syxt by the grace off God off inglond, ffrance, 
and yerland, King and off the church off inglond and off yer- 
lond, yn yrth Supreme hede the thyrde/' (1550). 

" David ap Gruff ap leuan ap Owen, a free man [Latin 
again] confirmed to John ap Gruff his brother, and to Ellis, 
the son of the said John Tyddyn y bryn dan Voylvre in 
Maestrefnant, which tenement descended by hereditary right 
at the decease of Gruff ap leuan ap Owen, his father, and he 
instituted leuan ap David Lloyd (who was of Ceiswyn, and 
son-in-law to Baron Lewis Owen, whom he defended against 
the banditti), to take possession for him, etc., given 1st Feb. 

1 Mr. Abram, the historian of Blackburn, has very kindly deci- 
phered the earliest dates on my deeds. 



260 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

in the first year of the reign of Mary, etc., and on earth 
supreme head of the Church of England and Ireland." (1553.) 

I have more Latin charters referring to other parts of 
Hendre Abergynolwyn, severally dated the second and third 
years of Philip and Mary (1555-6), the first, second, eighth, and 
ninth years of Elizabeth, and of the dates of 1573, 1579, 1581, 
and of 1582, in which last deed Ritherch ap John ap Gruff, is 
mentioned in an obligation half Latin half English, as the son of 
John ap Gruff ap leuan ap Owen ; and one dated 1583, which 
recites that " John ap Gruff ap leuan ap Owen, in consideration 
of a marriage or spousal (by the favour of God) between 
Ritherch ap John ap Gruff, his son and heir apparent, and 
Marianne ap Owen ap David ap lewis, to be had and cele- 
brated, gave and confirmed, etc., all those messuages, etc., 
called y tythyn dwy, y tythyn bach yn y llwyn, nant yr ysgor 
and Moylfre fechan, with all, etc., ad opus et usus of himself 
and afterwards of Ritherch ap John ap Gruff/' etc. 

" Mary ap Rytherch, their second daughter, of Abergy- 
nolwyn, married in 1620 Richard Tybbotte of Maestrefnant, 
gent, (who made his will August 17th, 1661, by which he gave 
Twenty shillinge towarde the casbinge of the bells of Llan- 
brynmair), aged 68 yeares in 1658, and eldest sonne of John 
Tybbotte of Llanbrynmair, Smith, and his wief Sisly, who had 
a lease for three lives from Morris Owen of Russayson, 
Esquier, upon Coed prydfydwe in Tavolwerne." 

" Their eldest sonne and heire was John Tybbotte of Aber- 
gynolwyn, gent., High Constable of Estimaner in 1658, and 
then aged about 35 yeares. He married, first, Elizabeth ap 
Evan, eldest daughter of Evan John Griffith ap Rees of Gre- 
gennan, co, Merioneth, gent., in 1649/' 

The oldest legible monumental inscription in Llanfihangel y 
Pennant churchyard (its preservation being due, as I conclude, 
to the projection of the margin of the cover-flag over its sub- 
structure, a low wall of dressed flat-bedded slaty stones, across 
which, and against their natural grain, the lettering is cut), 
runs thus: 

"HEARE LYETH THE BODI : OF ELIZABETH EVAN : THE 
WIFE OF JOHN TIBOTTS : BVRIED 21 AVGVST : 

1664." 

" John Tybbotte married, secondly, Mary Owen of Mathafarn, 
at Llanwrin Church, April 1680. Wm. Pughe of Mathafarn, 
Esq., was a party to her marriage settlement. John's son and 
heyre by his first wife, Elizabeth ap Evan, was Richard 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 261 

Tybbotte of Abergwenolwyn, gent., who married, in 1673, 
Jane David, daughter of David John ap Hugh of Gregenan, 
co. Merioneth, gent. Their eldest son was John Tibbots, 
clerk, B.A., Vicar of Darowen from 1704 to 1735, who married 
Anne Edwards of Talgarth, co. Merioneth, second daughter of 
Edward Lewis, late of Talgarth aforesaid, gent., dec'd, and 
sister of Lewis Edwards of Talgarth, whose son and namesake 
was Sheriff for Merioneth in 1773, and who (Lewis Edwards, 
senior) was grandfather of Sir John Edwards, Bart., of Plas 
Machynlleth, who traced his descent from Llewelyn ap 
lorwerth, Prince of North Wales, and whose only daughter, 
Mary Cornelia, is the present dowager Marchioness of Lon- 
donderry." 

The pedigree of Pughe of Aberffrydlan (Mont. Coll., vol. 
viii, p. 49) shows that Lewis ap Richard of Talgarth, co. 
Merioneth, married Jane, youngest daughter of Humphrey ap 
Hugh, or Pugh, of Aberffrydlan (a great-grandson of David 
Lloyd ap Llewelyn of Mathavarn), and living 15th March 1584, 
by his first wife, Jane, daughter to levan ap Morris ap David ; 
marriage covenants dated 20 Oct. 1555. 

This Jane, Lewis ap Richard's wife, who was living a 
widow, 22 July 1643, must have been the mother of Edward 
Lewis of Talgarth, unless her husband was his father by a 
former wife. If, then, both Lewis ap Richard and Jane his 
wife were the parents of Edward Lewis (Edward ap Lewis) of 
Talgarth, my pedigree through this line is clear, and I, being 
fifth in descent from John Tibbots the vicar and his wife 
Anne Edwards of Talgarth, which Anne was the great-grand- 
daughter of Humphrey ap Hugh of Aberffrydlan, am twelfth 
in descent from David Lloyd ap Llewelyn of Mathavarn, vid 
Aberffrydlan. 

Lowry Tibbots, the eldest daughter of the aforesaid vicar 
of Darowen and his wife Anne, married Richard Pughe in, 
clerk, younger son of Richard Pughe n, and Mary his wife, of 
Cwmllowi. 

Lowry 's only brother, Richard Tibbots of Machynlleth, 
gent., o. s. p., by his will made in 1790, and proved in 1799 
(in which he mentioned his ffriend and relation Turner Edwards, 
of Old Port, Salop), described his lands, to the several names 
of which I affix in brackets my conjectures at their English 
signification, and by whom and when acquired, as formerly 
called Tythin du (Black Farm, David ap leuan ap Owen, 1536). 

Y Tythyn bach yn llwyn (the little farm in the wood, 
David ap leuan ap Owen, 1527). 



262 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWT. 

Nant yr ysgair (alias ysgar, the brook of the separation, or 
usgbr, ysgubor, Barn Brook, John ap Gruff ap leuan ap Owen, 
1567) ; y ffoelfre vechan (the small bare hill, leuan and David 
ap leuan ap Owen, 1522, and John ap Gruff ap leuan ap 
Owen, 1566) ; tythyn y bryn moye (Bare Hill Farm, inherited 
by David ap Gruff, and confirmed by him unto John his brother, 
1553). 

Maesygro (the plain of the pebbles, which had belonged 
to Riceus ap leuan ap Owen in 1555), and Gwernmenne 
(perhaps Buttermead, Richard Tybbotte, 1643), and y Tyddyn 
Myrddyn Anghared (the Farm of the unlovely ruins, John 
Tybbotte, 1660), now (in 1790) called Hendre, Voelfre, 
Maesygro, Tyddyn y ffordd (Road Farm), Fotty (Hafod ty, 
Summer House), and Tydylian (perhaps Owl House), all then 
in Llanfihangel y Pennant and Towyn. To the said lands 
Richard Tibbots added the contiguous Cantrybedd (Caiyntry- 
bedd, the open field in the trivet), which he bought in 1795 of 
John Campbell of Stackpole Court, co. Pembroke, Esq., and 
my father in 1850 added Llwynyfynwent (Churchyard Wood), 
which had been in the jointure of Elizabeth, a daughter of 
Richard Tibbotte of Abergynolwyn in 1665. These lands, 
mostly mountain and bog, now all in the parish of Llanfihangel 
y Pennant, are at present mine. 



APPENDIX III. 

ARCHEOLOGY. 

When, towards thirty years ago, Llanfihangel y Pennant 
Church was restored, the removal of the ceiling disclosed an 
oaken roof, about a quarter of which its west end is evi- 
dently older than the rest. The beams and scantlings there 
are at intervals so cut and morticed as to show that they must 
have been previously used in a similar construction. Their 
second-hand appearance confirms a local tradition that they 
came from an old chapel called St. Cadfan's, which stood on 
Cantrybedd, the ruins of which, when the Cantrybedd Slate 
Quarries were re-leased in 1866, I stipulated were not to be 
disturbed. The ruins consisted of dry-stone walls averaging 
four feet high, resembling sheepcotes, only of greater pro- 
portions, in the shape of an oblong, capable of containing, 
perhaps, a hundred persons, and situated within and at the 
south end of another oblong of about five times its area, said 
to be the churchyard, the entrance to which was in the 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 263 

centre of its north end. I do not remember that the inner 
oblong had any door-place. These ruins being found to be 
immediately upon the largest slate-vein, and obstructive to 
the quarry works, I consented to their removal, on condition 
that they should be re-erected a little higher up the moun- 
tain, above the works, in the form of an in memoriam circular 
wall around a clump of ornamental trees, which the late Mr. 
T. H. McConnel undertook to plant. There some of them 
are. St. Cadfan is said to have been in the habit of preach- 
ing at this chapel (vide Archceologia Canibrensis, vol. ix, 4th 
Ser., 1878, page 64, where, inter alia, the finding of a cistfaen 
in the garden of Tydylian is mentioned. 

My friend the Rector, the Rev. Thomas Edwards, to whose 
energy the erection of the Church of St. Cadfan at Aber- 
gynolwyn is due, tells me that bits of fire-marked bones are 
frequently discovered about the village, and that a quantity 
of them and some urns in good preservation were discovered 
during the digging of the foundations for the Board School ; 
but the workmen, disappointed at not finding coin, broke 
them and threw them and the bones back into the trenches. 
There is a general tradition that a tremendous battle was 
fought at " Abergenoli bedd Pryderi". 

Hendre mountain was anciently more inhabited, as not 
only writings, but sundry little ruins indicate. Beside a 
stream, and curtained by rocks, still stand the well-built 
chimney and the shell of the Hafodty. Each side its entrance 
is a square hole in the wall, into which a rail used to be 
pushed to secure the door. Behind this primitive summer 
dairy-house is a charming little flat " where once the garden 
smiled"; and excavated out of the base of a perpendicular 
rock, which served as a wall to its west side, appears a 
curiosity the old round oven. Considerably higher up is a 
very small cote, where an old man is said to have been in the 
habit of milking his sheep. Crossing from Cantrybedd through 
Bryn yr Eglwys (Church Hill), and ascending towards Penal, 
you come to a good and very ancient one-arch stone bridge, 
well worthy of inspection. 

" Deposicons and Sayinges of Wittnesses sworne, etc., upon theire 
corporall oathes att the dwelling house of Richard John Luccas att 
Abergwynlwyn, etc. (in 1672), by vertue of a Com'ion issued out of his 
Ma'ties Court of Chancery of the great sessions, etc., for the examinacwn 
of wittnesses in p'p'tua rei memoria wherein John Tybbotte is plantiffe, 
etc., Edward William of parcell Is'r Avon in the parish of Towyn, etc., 
yeom' aged foure score and eleaven yeares or thereabouts a witness 
produced sworne, etc. 4th. To the fowerth Interr' and all the rest 



264 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

this depon't sayeth that hee knoweth a certenne decayed Chappell or 
scite thereof lying in the Church yard of the parish of Towyn w'thin 
the s'd County comonly called St. Cadvans Chappell ; and sayeth hee 
knoweth that p'cell of land called Biiarth meini (stone fold) reputed and 
taken to bee anciently the land of St. Cadvan or St. Cadvans lands, and 
this depon't sayeth that the freeholders of lands within Buarth meini 
afores'd doe nott pay any cheiffe rent or ffee farme rent to the Kings 
Ma'tey or to any other lord or lords of the fee or ffees thereof ; and say- 
eth that other freeholders w'thin the sayd parish of Llanvihangell and 
Towyn doe usually pay ffeefarme or cheeffe rent to his sayd Ma'tie ; and 
sayeth that hee doth nott know of any other ffreehold lande, of what 
tennure soever, free thereof butt the sayd St. Cadvan lands and sayeth 
the sayd p'cells of lands in question (Moelfrey vechan and Moelvre 
Vawr) are reputed and taken to be part and p'cell of St. Cadvans lands 
afores'd." 

Anne, v'ch Humphrey David of Llanvihangell, aged 68, gave evidence 
to the same effect, and further deposed that " the freeholders or owneres'' 
of the said St. Cad van's lands, of which Moelfre Vawr and Moelfre 
vechan were parts, did not pay any, etc., "nor any releisse att the death 
of any ten'nt of the ffreehold thereof as other freeholders w'thin the s'd 
seu'al parishes doe." 

Similar evidence was given by Owen John Arthur of Towyn, 
yeoman, aged eighty-two, by Humphrey Morgan of Tallyllyn, 
aged seventy, by Elizabeth David of Towyn, widdow, aged 
sixty-six, and by Jane, the wife of Evan Thomas of llan- 
vihangell, aged fifty-five yeares. It was a case of trespass ; 
two neighbours had asserted a right to depasture their cattle 
on the plaintiff's lands, but they failed to prove it. 

" The voluntary examination of Lewis Howell respecting a claim set 
up by Persons to cut Oak and other Timber on G-allt y moelfre in the 
Parish of Llanfihangel in the County of Merioneth who saith that he 
was born at Tyn y Coed in the Parish of Tallyllyn situate within 2 
miles of the said Gallt y moelfre and that at the Age 6 he went and 
liv'd with his Grandmother at Hendre, a Farm of which Gallt y Moelfre 
is part. That he is 83 years of age since the month of December last 
past and never heard of any such claim existing. 

" The mark of XX LEWIS HOWELL. 

" Taken before me the 13th of Sep. 1809, ROBT. DAVIES." 

From " a case for the opinion of Mr. Wm. Owen, Temple. 
July 2, 1812", it appears that my grandfather, the Rev. 
Richard Pughe, clerk, tenant for life, with remainder to his 
issue in tail, was troubled by people claiming a right to take 
house-bote and edge-bote off a steep glen, a part of Hendre. 

When I was a lad, my father brought an action at Dolgelly 
against a person for stealing wood from the aforenamed 
Gallt y moelfre (Gallt, a cliff, a wood). Humphrey Lloyd 
Williams of Llanfyllin was the solicitor for the prosecution ; 
and the case of Bagley Wood, near Oxford, was quoted for it. 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 265 

During the trial, a very aged man persistently endeavoured 
to get to see my father, who was in court ; but, thinking that 
Gitto Griffith, an old acquaintance of his, only wanted a tip, 
refused at first to see him at that busy time. Finally the old 
man's importunity prevailed, and he was sworn and examined 
as a witness ; whereupon he deposed that in his youth he had 
been a servant at Hendre. Being asked whether the neigh- 
bours used to come and cut wood for themselves on Hendre 
Farm then, he replied : " No ! and they dared not do it." 
Further questioned whether he understood the nature of an 
oath, he answered, in a deep, sonorous voice : " Do you think 
that an old man with one foot in the grave would come here 
to tell lies ?" 

The veteran's volunteered evidence decided the trial. The 
verdict was recorded in perpetud rei memorid. On the plain- 
tiff's request, the defendant was leniently dealt with ; and my 
father returned home, as he said, " with flying colours". 



APPENDIX IV. 

ANTHONY THOMAS of Hendre Llwyngwril, Sheriff of Merioneth 
16S3-4, son of Thomas of the same place, married Mary, 
daughter of ... White of Neugwl. Their son, Hugh Thomas, 
of Hendre Llwyngwril, was Sheriff of Merioneth in 1732. 
He married Mary, daughter of Rice Pierce, Rector of Celynion 
(perhaps Llangelynin), and their daughter, Mary Thomas, by 
her husband, Robert Morgan of Plascanol, was mother to my 
grandmother, Mrs. Elizabeth Pughe, whose second son, John 
Pughe, clerk, recorded this descent. The sheriffships are 
inserted by me from the Kalendars of Gwynedd. 

Was this family of Thomas akin to the Thomas of Coedhelen 
and the Thomas of Allan Fawr? 

I copied the following at St. Asaph Registry : 

"Anthony Thomas, late of Jesus Coll.. Ox'n. 1762, Curate, Guilds- 
field." 

I should think he was a grandson of the above Anthony 
Thomas. 



VOL. XXIV. 



266 PUGHE OF UWMLLOWI. 

APPENDIX V. 

f< PLASCANOL PEDIGREE." 

This pedigree was found in Mr. Pennant's Library, Downing 
Hall, Flintshire, by Hugh 1 Davies, late Yscuborwen. 



Meredith =p 



Eees.=p 



Evan* Collier.=f= 



Ifvion, 3 Governor of Harlech Castle=f=Margaret, daughter of Griffith ap 



in the reign of King Edward the 
First. 



Adnyfed ap Wian of Egryn, Esqr. ; 
had eight tenements in Uwch Llow- 
dir. 

John.=f=Jonet, daughter of Sir John 4 Devenport of Cheshire. 
_J 

Jenkin. ^Margaret, daughter of Ithel ap lorwerth of Llwyn lorwerth Traws- 
| fynedd. 5 

Morgan. =fGoleufryd, daughter of Griffith ap Howel ap Griffith Dervvas. 6 



Eobert, 7 Chaplain to Henry the 8th,= 
and Parson of Llanaber. He built 
Plascanol. 



=Catharine, daughter of Howel ap 
Griffith of Kilward, near Bar- 
mouth. 



Morgan. =j=Margaret, daughter of David Lloyd 8 ap Owen of Peniarth in 
Llanegryn, near Dysyni. 



Eobert. =f=Agnes \Ven, daughter of John Wyn ap 9 Ehys of Llwyngynon in 

Dyffryn Clwyd. 

Edward 10 Morgan = Margaret, sister of Griffith Vychan of Corsygedol, Esqr. 10 
of Plascanol. 

* Or Evan Collir, or Collier. This word is very illegible. 

This "Plascanol Pedigree" was lent me by my cousin, Mrs. 
Anne Owen of Plascanol, near Barmouth, daughter of the last 
Robert Morgan of Plascanol. The original is a faded manu- 
script, which I have had photographed by Mr. Gregson of 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 267 

Blackburn, in order to secure facsimiles of its every appearance 
of authenticity. I have affixed to ray transcript of it reference 
numbers to the following notes : 

1. Probably identical with the Rev. Hugh Davies of Beaumaris, men- 
tioned in Pennant's Tours in Wales, and described in a note therein as 
" an acute and most accurate naturalist". 

2. The only Alo I can find was head of one of the five plebeian tribes 
of Wales. 

3. Ifvion, Governor of Harlech Castle in the reign of King Edward the 
First, may be identical with Vivian de Staundon, appointed Constable of 
Harlech Castle, Sept. 13, 1303 ; Constable there 5 and 6 Edward II, 
1305-6 (Kalendars of Gwynedd, page 132) ; also Constable 3-7, and 9-15 
Edward II. In 15 Richard II, 1391-2, Viviam, or Viviann, le Colyer, 
jun., of Harlech, was Sheriff of Merioneth (Ibid., page 69). In 
Pennant's Tours in Wales, vol. ii, page 213, Einian de Stanedon is 
mentioned as Constable of Harlech Castle in the reign of Edward II, 
and a note refers to Sebright MSS. 

4. Seemingly Sir John Davenport, Knt., described under "Davenportof 
Capesthorne" in Burke's Landed Gentry, 1863, as descended from Ormus 
de Davenport, living temp. Conquestoris. 

5. " Morgan (Drawsfynedd), derived through Ithel of Drawsfynydd, 
second son of lorwerth ap Einion, of Ynys y Maengwyn (and brother to 
levan ap Einion, and Griffith ap Einion of Corsygedol), from Osborne 
Fitzgerald, Lord of Ynys y Maengwyn." (Burke's General Armoury.) 

6. From the " Mostyn pedigree" in Burke's Peerage, 1858, and those 
of " Wynne of Peniarth'' and " Vau^han of Nanney" in Burke's Landed 
Gentry, 1863, it appears that Griffith Derwas, Esquire to the body of King 
Henry VI, brother to Howel Sele of Nannau and cousin to Owen 
Glyndwr, was seventh in descent from Bleddyn ap Cynfyn's second son, 
Cadwgan of Nannau, and his wife, Gwenllian of Gwynedd, daughter of 
Griffith ap Cynan. Howel ap Gruffith Derwas, 28 Hen. VI, 31 Hen. VI, 
and 11 Edw. IV, is mentioned in the pedigree of the family of Griffith 
of Glyntwymin, in vol. xi, Mont. Coll. 

7. " Chaplain." This corresponds with the tradition of my father. 

8. David Lloyd ap Owen and his brother, John Owen, ancestor of the 
Owens of Morben and Peniarth, were sons of Owen ap Howell Goch, 
Mayor of Machynlleth 1566 and 1567, ob. 1582. Lewis Dwnn derives 
them from Ethelystan, Prince of Fferlex, and his wife Gwenllian, 
daughter of Einion ap Owen ap Howell Dda. This David Lloyd ap 
Owen (Mont. Coll., vol. xvii, page 61) married Margaret, daughter of 
John Pugh, or John ap Hugh ap Evan ap David Lloyd of Mathavarn, 
Esqr. to the body of King H<nry VII, by his wife Catherin, daughter 
of Sir Richard Herbert of Mountgomery. Margaret, daughter of this 
David Lloyd ap Owen and his wife Margaret, daughter of John Pugh, 
married Morgan, the son of Robert, the chaplain to King Henry VIII, 
parson of Llanaber, and the builder of Plascanol. This shows that I 
am sixth in descent from Morgan and Margaret his wife, and, through 
Margaret, eleventh in descent from David Lloyd of Mathavarn, through 
her also, ninth in descent from Sir Richard Herbert of Montgomery. 

9. In Transactions of the National Eisteddfod, Carnarvon, 1886, at page 
456, I find that John Wynn ap Rhys ap John Wynn of Caer Ddinog, 
or Caer Dinen, and Llwyn Yn, also called John Pryse, married Mary, 
the fourth and youngest daughter of the Baron Lewis ap Owen of 
Curt Plas yn Dref, Dolgellau, murdered llth Oct. 1555 at Dugoed, 

T 2 



268 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

Mawddwy, and that their daughter Agnes married Robert ab Morgan ab 
Robert ab Morgan of Llanaber. This Agnes was a sister to Edward 
Pryse of Llwyn Yn, Sheriff for co. Denbigh 1627, who married Susan, 
sister of Godfrey Goodman, D.D., Bishop of Gloucester, sister to Gwen, 
who married Richard Parry, D.D., Bishop of St. Asaph, and sister also to 
Jane, the wife of John Davies, D.D., Rector of Mallwyd, and author of 
the Welsh Dictionary, who died in 1644. (See Powys Fadog.} 

10. Edward Morgan of Plascanol, married Margaret, sister of Griffith 
Vychan of Corsygedol, Esq., Sheriff of Merioneth in 1676-7 (Kalendars 
of Gwynedd), and apparently the father of Richard Vaughan, who was 
M.P. for Merioneth nine successive Parliaments, and the lineal descendant 
of Griffith Vaughan of Corsygedol, Esq., one of the defenders of Harlech 
Castle under his cousin, David ap levan ap Einion, in 1461. 

The pedigree of these Vaughans, from Walter Fitz Otho, 
Castellan of Windsor Castle, through his son Gerald Fitz 
Walter de Windsor, Constable of Pembroke Castle, living 1108, 
and his wife Nesta, daughter of Rhys ap Tudor, Prince of 
South Wales through Osber Wyddel and thi^ough Griffith 
ap Einion, the fifth in descent from Osber and his wife Lowry, 
daughter of Tudor ap Griffith Vychan, and sole heiress of her 
uncle, the memorable Owen Glyndwr, is to be found in Burke's 
Peerage under " Kynaston", " Leinster", " Mostyn", and 
" Vaughan of Nannau"; and in Burke's Landed Gentry under 
" Wynne of Peuiarth" and " Yale of Plas yn Yale". 

In 1886 I found Plascanol, formerly a forlorn and weather- 
beaten object, metamorphosed into a cosy and attractive 
residence by the judicious planting of a green bonnet of trees 
to warm its old back and flanks, the addition of front bay- 
windows, and a blaze of red geraniums with which the terrace 
was aproned. What with its unusually thick walls and heart 
of oak interior toughness, the bluff King's chaplain's house 
bids fair to brave the tooth of time for three more hundred 
years. 



APPENDIX VI. 

Extract from the pedigree of the family of DOLMELYNLLYN, 
HENGAE, and DOLFFANOG, completed by the late Mr. Wynne of 
Peniarth. 

" Griffith Vaughan (fourth son of Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt, Esq., 
the celebrated antiquary, descended from Cadwgan of Nannau and his 
wife Gwenllian, also from Baron Lewis Owen) and his wife Catharine 
had an only daughter, Catharine, ob. 1793, aged 91, wife of William 
Anwyl of Hengae, Esq., ob. 1778, aged 82, both buried at Talyllyn. 
Their daughter Catharine, ob. 1802, aged 80, was the wife of Humphrey 
Owen of Penygareg, gen., ob. 1807, aged 87. Of their issue, Mary died 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 269 

aged 94, William, aered 80, and Owen, first son, ob. 1824, aged 74, who was 
the father of Humphrey Owen, ob. aged 72, first son of Dolffanog, and 
husband of Gaynor, mentioned at the end of the Caerberllan pedigree, of 
Robert, ob. aged 82, and of Owen Owen of Hendre, ob. 1864, aged 81, 
who by his wife, Margaret Pugh of Rhissogor, a descendant of David 
Gomero or Gomerry, who inhabited Doludcau, his own inheritance in 
1388, left issue, namely, the present Mr. Owen Owen of Hendre, eldest 
son, Joseph and Jane, who survive their brothers, Hugh, Humphrey, and 
William." 

Besides longevity, there are seventeen Catharines in the 
fuller pedigree. And since a passion for cleansing and curing 
man and beast is inherent in this much respected house, there 
seems a happy fitness in the fact that the sweet seventeen all 
come from the same root from which we get cathartics. The 
Owens are born Galens, and cultivate their intuitive talent. 
They make up their medicaments, in which simples prevail, 
from cherished family recipes, pro bono publico. I have seen 
a patient from Dolgelly, nine miles oft', having a broken arm 
bandaged by Mr. Joseph Owen, whose professional acumen is 
so appreciated that the quarrymen are said to have made it a 
sine qud non with their club doctor that he too, the " factus ad 
unyuem", be always consulted in serious cases of accident. 

By-the-bye. the elsewhere, so far as I know, obsolete custom 
of annual blood-letting yet lingers about Abergynolwyn, where 
the wondrous vitality of a very aged woman, who survived a 
long experience of such treatment, appears to have com- 
mended it. Within recent years, I saw a young man, the per- 
sonification of excellent health, waiting to be thus retapped. 

The Owens are, moreover, like their ancestor Cadwgan, 
renowned for pluck and for physical strength. In his palmy 
days, their patriarch, a round-built man, and bigger than he 
looked, fought and conquered the champion prize pugilist of 
Shrewsbury. The worthy scion of a worthy stock, the late 
Mr. Hugh Owen, has lifted and carried across Hendre kitchen 
a burden weighing 710 Ibs. And his elder brother, when 
considerably past 70, thought nothing of breaking in his own 
filly, and on Board days riding the raw thing to meet his fellow 
guardians at Dolgelly and home again. 



270 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 



APPENDIX VII. 

MINERALOGY. 

A little ruin on Hendre, above the foot of the incline under 
Cantrybedd, marks the spot where dwelt an old man who, 
according to tradition, discovered lead, but, fearing lest he 
might be disturbed in his holding, kept its situation a secret. 

Copy of an analysis of various earths and metal from 
the Hendre estate, sent my father by Mr. Thomas Jones, of 
30, Great Winchester Street, and of Llanerchrygog Hall, Feb- 
ruary 14th, 1854 : 

" 1st. Quartz sample Copper only | per ton. 
Silver. 9 dwtp. 19 grs. 1 ^ ,, ,. 

Gold, 2 do. 4 do. To the ton of quartz. 

2nd. Slaty sample Gold, 5 dwts. 16 grs. to the ton. 
3rd. The Red stuff Silver, 13 dwts. 1 gr. \ ^ ,, 

Do. Gold, 3 do. 12 do. / J 

4th. The Black stuff Gold, 6 do. 12 do. ) , 

Do. Silver, 13 do. 1 do. } 

The quartz sample, should it not improve when opened, will not be 
worth working. 

The slaty sample, if enough of Mundic can be obtained, will pay for 
extracting the gold. 

The red stuff will also pay for the gold, but the silver will not. 
The black the same. 

P.S. When I have the pleasure of seeing you I will show you the 
analysis in full. 

All the above were done by Mr. Jno. Mitchell. 

Messrs. Fenner and Jones not having been satisfied with the first 
assays they had made by Johnson and Matthey and then by Mitchell." 



APPENDIX VIII. 

NATURAL HISTORY. 

Kites build yearly on Taren yr Hendre. 

Grouse frequent its summit, and a few of them breed on 
Voel Adar (Bird Hill), but they fight shy of the noise of the 
explosions at the quarries. 

The best little pheasant that ever I tasted was sent me by 
Mr. Owen. Its crop contained nothing but heather, which 
perhaps accounted for its exquisite flavour. 

Hendre Woods are famous for woodcocks. 

Badgers are remembered there, and one was killed above 
Aberdovey within the last eighteen months. 

Stagshoru moss grows on Ffrydd yr Hendre. 

Out of season salmon, or other big fish, come up the little 



PUGHE OF CWMLLQWI. 271 

brook close behind Hendre, during floods, but never up the 
larger boundary stream which flows from the Quarries. 

For foxes Mr. Vaughan of Penmaen Dovey left in his 
relinquished hunting grounds six couples of fox-hounds, about 
the number still kept. The huntsman quarters himself and 
his jury at the farmsteads alternately. His remuneration was, 
in 1881, half-a-crown a day with bed and board, half-a- 
sovereign for a kill, something more for a pregnant vixen, and 
a crown for each cub as big as a cat. A litter likes a little 
lamb. Hence the necessity of the sport. Reynard runs, as a 
rule, for his fathers' halls at Cader Idris. If he can reach 
them, he is right until his next race, while the terrier, once 
inside that labyrinth, is in for it never to return. 

The Ynysfor fox and otter hounds have belonged to three 
generations of one family for a century at any rate. Long 
may it be before the heir of Ynysfor, whose coming of age was 
celebrated on the thirteenth of last February, succeeds his 
father, my cousin John Jones, in the ownership of this noted 
pack. 

I found them last spring but one in the same kennels under 
the rookery, where I had admired them, all black and tan then, 
forty years before. Besides their ordinary chase, they hunt 
Bele Coed and Bele Cerrig (the wood and the rock marten). 
But the precious skins of both these little beasts are becoming 
very scarce. Some of the dozen smooth black and tan Welsh 
terriers that attend the Ynysfor get occasionally so sadly 
mangled as to have to be carried home. 



APPENDIX IX. 

INCIDENTS AND MATHAVARN MEMOIRS. 

It has been thought that the breaking of a cloud was the 
cause of the bursting of the large reservoir above the Aber- 
gynolwyn Slate Quarries in 1879 (circiter] , on a Saturday after- 
noon, most providentially, since, had it occurred during labour 
hours, full forty of the stalwart miners, who work by shifts 
day and night in the underground chambers, must inevitably 
have been drowned. 

Once, a wire rope, by which the loaded trucks, with a lad 
perched on one of them, were being lowered and the returned 
empties lifted up a long incline on the line leading from the 
quarries, snapped, and down all went at a terrific spin which 
curled the rails and shot the single passenger over a perpen- 
dicular precipice and the boundary brook into the arms of a 



272 PUGHE OF CWMLLOW1. 

friendly tree, where tLe aeronaut found him self, a monument of 
mercy, none the worse except for a few scratches. 

The tree that had saved life was ungratefully felled shortly 
after, with other timber on its side the stream 

" Ille et nefasto te" secuit " die." 

That lucky luckless tree suggests a memoir of a mightier, the 
Mathafarn Silver 1 Fir, to which the friend of my youth, 
Mr. J. O. Jones, late of Dolycorsllwyn, used to point, as we 
rode on the opposite turnpike road, and he talked of my 
Mathafarn ancestry. 

The Vale of the Dovey lost a conspicuous landmark when 
its big tree was blown down. I saw four lengths of it at 
Machynlleth Station in July 1886, when Mr. Gillart drove me 
to Mathafarn, and pronounced it to have been considered the 
largest tree in the whole United Kingdom. 

According to the number of rings on its stump, which I did 
not over-count, it was 170 years old at least. Its admeasure- 
ments, given me by Mr. Gillart, were over 900 cubic feet of 
timber. Average diameter 6 feet, 18 feet full and upward 
round the butt, length 132 feet. The damage done to the 
gable end of the house by its great fall cost 15 to repair. 

There was a grand avenue of magnificent trees of the same 
kind, and probably of the same age, though not as large, at 
Aberhiriaeth Hall, when my sister and late brother-in-law, Dr. 
Griffiths, lived there; not one remains. 

At Llanwrin Church the communion-table is of oak, effec- 
tively carved, and dated 1636. In the chancel there is a hand- 
some white marble monument with a long and quaint inscrip- 
tion under a lion passant between three fleurs-de-lis : 

*' Sacred to the Memory 
Of WILLIAM PUGHE, late of Mathavern in this 

Parish, 
And MARGARET his wife, Daughter of John Lloyd, 

late of Maes y Pandy, 

In the County of Merioneth, Esq., 

Who liv'd 42 years together with the utmost Harmony, 

A pattern of all those social Virtues w'ch adorn 

The Marriage State ; 

He 

A most Valuable man in Public life, 

Ever employing his great Abillitys 

In Reconciling Differences amongst his Neighbours. 

1 A photograph of this remarkable tree is in the Powys-land Museum, 
and I have a copy of it in water-colours by Mr. Charles Cortissos. I have 
also secured some boards out of this tree for a bookcase or some such 
memento furniture. 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 



273 



She 

An excellent Oeconomist, 

And Prudent Manager in her Domestick Affairs, 
Without the least imputation of Avaritious Closeness. 

He 

A Generous, Sincere, and hearty Friend, 

Which Render'd him most beloved and Respected in 

his Country ; 

And She 
Remarkably Charitable to the Poor, 

And Beneficent to all, 

Each seeming to outvie the other 

In Acts of Humanity, Friendship, and Good Nature, 

Until Death, 
After a most Religious and Pious Life together, 

Put an end to this blessed Harmony, 
By taking off the said Margaret, who departed this 

life 

on the 27th day of October 1714, 

Leaving her Mournfull Partner not long behind her, 

He also Dying on the 26th day of October 1719, 

And both lye interr'd under this Place. 
This Happy Pair were the Parents of 9 children, of 

whom 2 died very young, 
The other seven liv'd to be Men and Women, 
Viz. John, Rowland, William, and Richard, and 

three daughters, 
Jane, Ann, and Margaret. 

The said Ann, who dyed Augst. the 20th, 1742, out 

of her Pious Regard to ye Memory of her dear 

parents, by her last Will and Testament 

order'd this Monument to be Erected, 

and lyes herself interred under 

this place." 



MOKE OP MATHAFARN. 

Its entrance-gate posts of slender freestone walls, surmounted 
by round capped square cornices, stand as entire as when the 
Earl Richmond was welcomed there by the prophet. 

A back building, attached lengthwise to the present house, 
but of older look and lower elevation, contains, in the centre 
of its gable, a stone about two feet square bearing the follow- 
ing characters bordered around and in bas-relief: 




a relic, evidently, of the old fabric fired by Cromwell's fanatics. 



274 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

The large block of farm buildings on the north side has a 
more ancient appearance than modern Mathafarn. It, or some 
of it, may have been spared by the incendiaries for their own 
convenience. 

Note. There was amongst my muniments a little manu- 
script in old English, boldly signed " Richard Cromwell" 
("Tumble-down Dick"), but it has been lent, laid by too safely, 
or lost. 



APPENDIX X. 

PART PEDIGREE OF JOHN JONES OP YNYSFOR, J.P., C.C. 

Thomas Jones, Esq., of Holt Hall, co. Denbigh, and of 
Pentre, co. Flint, married, in 1711, Mary Lloyd of Downing 
Ucha, and had issue : 

John, the eldest son, married Mary Hussey, and had issue : 
Margaret Jones, who married Major Leche of Garden, co. 
Cheshire, who died without issue. 

Thomas (apparently the second son), Rector of Trawsfynedd, 
married Jane Williams of Brondanw, co. Merioneth. Their 
son, John Jones of Ynysfor (bui'ied Oct. 2, 1829, aged 83), 
married Mary Ellis, and had issue : Evan Jones of Ynysfor, 
Esq. (ob. July 1, 1853, aged 60), who married Jane (ob. June 
30, 1836, aged 40), only surviving daughter of the Rev. Richard 
Pughe, B.A., Rector of Llanfrothen and P.C. of Bethgelert, 
and had issue : John Jones of Ynysfor, Esq., eldest son, who 
by his wife Lydia has two sons and eight daughters 

1. Evan Bowen Jone, of Corpus Christ! Coll., Oxford, who came of 

age 13th Feb. 1890. 

2. John Richard Mervyn Jones, the youngest child. 

Daughters : Cordelia Jane, Lydia Elizabeth, Anne Catharine, Mary 
Edith, Dorothea Blanche, Winifred and Sybil, twins, and 
Margaret Noel. 



APPENDIX XL 

The children of the Rev. WILLIAM PUGHE, Rector of Mallwyd, 
and his wife Mary, were : Richard, Jane, and Anne. 

1. Richard Pughe, clerk, near Llandrindod (deceased), 
married Miss Ellis of Glasfryn, co. Carnarvon ; their son, Rice 
Owen Pughe, is a chemist at Pwllheli. 

Jane died a spinster. 

Anne married Rice Jones Owen of Blaenau, Esq., near 



PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 275 

Dolgelly (both deceased). 1 They left three daughters, co- 
heiresses of Blaenau : 

1. Anne Catharine Jones Owen is now the widow Mrs. Attwood. 

2. Mary Elizabeth Jones Owen is now the wife of Dr. Campbell of 

Ironville House, Alfreton, Derbyshire ; and 

3. Jane, the youngest, is unmarried. 



APPENDIX XII. 



The following plates and pictures were, with many family 
portraits, formerly at Golfa, but are now in my possession 
at Mellor Vicarage. 

Plate I. Le Juste and L'America. L. Wells, Aquatint. 

Plate II. L'Impetueux and Northumberland. R. Livesay, 
Pinxt. L. Wells, Aquatint. 

Plate III. L'Achille. La Modeste, taken by Adm. Hawke, 
1759, now a receiving Hulk. La Pomona, French Frigate, 
taken by Sir John Warren, 1 794. R. Livesay, Pinxt. 

Plate IV. Le Sans-pareil. R. Livesay, Pinxt. 

The following lines are under each Plate : 

" A Splendid Record of British Bravery displayed in the six French 
Ships of the line captured the first of June 1794, as they appeared on 
their arrival in Portsmouth Harbour. 

" Britannia thus her dreadful thunder hurls, 
Rides o'er the waves sublime, and even now 
Impending hangs o'er Gallia's humbled coast, 
She rules the circling deep, and awes the world." 

Lord Howe's victory, with the story of these ships, is fine 
reading in England's Battles by Sea and Land, by Lieut.- 
Col. Williams, who remarks : " The battle of the 1st of June 
was fought at a greater distance from land than any sea fight 
between fleets recorded in history/' 

An oil painting, painted by himself, 2 ft. 2 in. by 1 ft. 6 in., 
of a vessel, made by Capt. Geo. Gould, at Deptford Docks ; it 
has, pasted behind it, as follows : 

" Alert Cutter. 

Mounting ten guns and ten swivels, and carrying sixty men. Com- 
manded by Lieutenant John Bizeley. On the 22nd September 1777, she 
fell in with the American brig privatter, the Lexington, of sixteen guns, 



1 They were first cousins, and related to the Owens of Hendre 
Abergynolwyn. 



276 PUGHE OF CWMLLOWI. 

twelve swivels, and eighty-four men, which she captured after a severe 
action of three hours. Seven men were killed and eleven wounded on 
board the Lexington, and two men killed and three wounded on board 
the Alert." 

My two other oil paintings of similar vessels, which, as well 
as the Alert, are said to have been made of Montgomeryshire 
oak, also a large oil picture of Powis Castle, and the portrait 
of a Shropshire pig, monstrum horrendum, are with my brother, 
Wm. Anthony Pughe, at the Hall, Lianfyllin. 

I may add that I have my great-uncle's Royal Eastern 
Militia epaulette, red coat, silk sash, and two swords. 

My brother, W. A. Pughe, has a beautiful model of a man- 
of-war ship, made by a French prisoner, and given by him to 
my great-uncle, George Gould. 



277 



MYTTON OF GARTH. 



THERE is in the possession of the family an ancient 
vellurn roll, purporting to be a pedigree of the Mytton 
family, in which the first nine generations are given as 
follows : 

SIR EVERARD DE MUTTON, Knight. " This Everard was 
slain in the Wars of Mawde the Empresse, An'o Dom. 1154." 
He had a son, 

ALDRED DE MUTTON, Esq., who had a son, 

SIR HUGH DE MUTTON, Knight, who had a son, 

ROGER DE MUTTON, who married Ann, daughter of Richard 
Hussey, Esq., son of Richard Hussey, of Adhridge Hussey, by 
his wit'e Mabell, daughter to John Lord Talbot, son of Sir 
Radulphus Hussey, Knight, son of Adam Hussey, Esq., son 
and heir of Thomas Hussey " that came in with the Conqueror". 
Roger de Mutton had a son, 

STEPHEN DE MUTTON, who married Jane, daughter of Lord 
Strange, son of Philip Lord Strange of Knocking, by his 
wife Joyce, daughter to Sir Robert Corbet, Knight. Stephen 
de Mutton had a son, 

OWEN DE MUTTON, who married Joyce, daughter of William 
Purcell of Marton and Wynnesberge, Esq., by his wife Joyce, 
daughter of William Wynesbury, Esq., and by her had a son, 

PHILIP DE MUTTON, Esq., who married Anne, daughter of 
Sir Henry Vernou, Knight, by his wife Anne, daughter of Sir 
John Constable, Knight, and by her had a son, 

WILLIAM DE MUTTON, who married Joyce, daughter of Sir 
William Pickering, Knight, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of 
Sir Adam Raysford, Knight, and had a son, 

JOHN DE MUTTON, who married Anne, daughter of Sir Paul 
Dorrell, Knight, son of Sir Francis, son of Sir Paul Dorrell, 
Knight, by his wife Anne, daughter of Sir Roger Powis, 
Knight. John de Mutton had two sons, 

1 de Mutton, sq., first son. "Mem'dum. That of 

Hankyn de Mutton's brother all the Muttons of Weston- 
under-Lysyerde, and now being ended by a daughter that 



278 MYTTON OF GARTH. 

married Harpesfield do likewise continue the name of Mvt- 
ton." 1 
2. Hankyn de Mutton. 

In the Herald's Visitation 2 of Shropshire in 1623, 
the first part of the Mytton pedigree is given as 
follows : 

MITTON OF SHREWSBURY AND AFTERWARDS OF 
HALSTON. 

Rogerus Mitton de com. Wiltes.=j=Anna, filia Ric'i Husey Hussey. 
Stephanas Mitton. =f^Jana, fil. Philippi Strange de Knocking, militis. 



Andoenus Mitton de com. Wiltes.=f=Jocosa, fil. Will'i Purcell de Merton. 



Phillippus Mitton.=j=Jana, filia Henrici Vernon, militis. 



Willimus Mitton.=pAnna, fil. Will'i Pickton, militis. 



Johannes Mitton.=T=Anna, fil. Franc. Darrell, militis. 



Hankin Mitt on. = Alicia, 

It will be observed that the foregoing accounts from 
the Vellum Roll and the Heralds' Visitation of 1623 
vary in several particulars, and that in the latter 
the Heralds mark the connection between "Johannes 
Mitton" and "Hankin Mitton" with dotted lines, 

1 Burke, in his Landed Gentry (1847), gives a somewhat different 
version. "Sixth in descent from Sir Hugh's son Roger was Hawkin 
de Mutton, father of Reginald de Mutton, M.P. for Shrewsbury in 
1373. who married, first, the daughter and heir of Sir Hamo 
Vaughan, Lord of the Manor of West Tilbury, Essex, and had by 
her two sons, Thomas and John. He married, secondly, Eleanor, 
sister of Thomas le Skinner of Shrewsbury, and by her was father of 
Sir Richard Mutton, who married Margaret, daughter and coheir of 
Sir Adam Peshall, Knight, of Weston-under- Lizard, and was ancestor 
of the MYTTONS of Weston. Reginald's eldest son, Thomas Mitton, 
Esq., married Agnes, daughter and heir of William Burley, Esq.", etc. 

2 Harleian Society's Publications, vol. xxix, p. 361. 



MYTTON OF GARTH. 279 

which, we conceive, must be taken to indicate that 
satisfactory evidence of that connection was not adduced 
at the Visitation, and therefore the generations before 
" Hankin Mitton" were treated as traditional only, 
and not vouched by the Heralds to be authentic. 
Moreover, neither version gives dates ; and, looking at 
the era of some of the earlier generations, the alliances 
there given can be shown to be improbable, if not im- 
possible. Under these circumstances we shall content 
ourselves with giving the two accounts of the earlier 
generations on the authority of the Vellum Koll and 
the Visitation respectively, and leave them to stand 
on their own merits. 

The pedigree is, however, of proved and undoubted 
authenticity from Hankyn Mytton downwards. We 
shall therefore commence our account of the Mytton 
genealogy by quoting Blakeway's Sheriffs of Shrop- 
shire (pp. 77-9), which gives the following interesting 
particulars of the family : 

" 1483. THOMAS MITTON." Arms : l Per pale g. and 
az., an eagle displayed with two heads, or. 

Thomas Mitton. In Phillips's list this Sheriff is 
called John Mytton, Esq., of Shipton ; but his name 
was certainly Thomas, and I suspect he had nothing 
to do with Shipton. I take him to have been the 
ancestor of the family now seated at Halston [of 
which the Myttons of Garth are a cadet branch]. 
Some of the Visitations bring the Myttons out 
of Wiltshire ; but there is reason to believe that 

1 The various Shropshire families of Mytton gave originally for 
their arms the spread eagle, borrowed evidently from a very ancient 
family of Mitton, seated at a place of the same name in Lancashire, 
whose arms were : Per pale azure and purple, an eagle displayed 
with two heads; of whom an account can be seen in Whitaker's 
History of Whalley, p. 448. I have seen nothing which would lead 
me to suppose that the Shropshire Myttons came from that Lanca- 
shire family, which may, however, have been the case. It was 
General Mytton, I think, that first quitted this coat and assumed 
the cinquefoil, on what grounds I cannot say ; the family have now 
returned to the eagle. 



280 MYTTON OF GARTH. 

they were originally of this county, and sprung 
from the village of Mitton, in the parish of Fittes. 
In the Tallage Roll for Shrewsbury in the year 
1313, which contains a catalogue of the names and 
property of the inhabitants, William de Mutton is 
found to have 205. in goods, for which he is rated 
at I6d., and he is the only person of that name in 
the roll. John de Mitton appears upon the Roll of 
Guild Merchant of the liberty of the town of Salop, 
46 Edward III (1372), de forinsecis, which denotes, I 
presume, that he was a foreigner, and not a native of 
the town. 

The first undoubted progenitor of the Halston family 
is Hanky n Mitton, a usual abbreviation of Henry. 
Reginald de Mutton, son of Hankyn, held premises in 
Shrewsbury in 1413 ; and of the wealth and import- 
ance of this gentleman some notion may be formed 
from the fact that he lent Richard II (and 1 apprehend 
that it was during the residence of that capricious 
monarch at the Parliament of Shrewsbury) the sum of 
forty marks, a considerable sum in those days, and 
more than a fourth part of what was advanced by the 
Corporation upon the same occasion. By a writ, 1 
dated the 10th of August, in the twenty-first of his 
reign, the King acknowledges this service of his beloved 
and faithful Reginald de Mitton, and promises " in 
good faith" to repay the same in the quindern of the 
ensuing Easter. He greatly raised the family by 
marrying the heiress of Sir Hamo Vaughan, Lord of 
the Manor of West Tilbury, in Essex, son of Sir 
Thomas Vaughan, Lord of the Manor of Stepney, who 
bore the spread eagle in his arms, and who, from the 
name of Vaughan's Place still belonging to that old 
hall near the market-place in Shrewsbury, late the 
property of the Halston family, should seem to have 
had a residence there. By this lady Reginald de 
Mutton had two sons, Thomas and John. The will of 
the latter bears date the day before St. Mary Mag- 

1 Rymer, viii, p. 9. 



MYTTON OF GARTH. 281 

dalen, 1454, and proved, 12th November . . . ., before 
John Clone, Bachelor of Degrees, Sequestrator and 
Commissary-General of Reginald, Bishop of Coventry 
and Lichfield (Reginald Butler, who sate from 1453 to 
1459). He styles himself John Mitton of Salop, bur- 
gess, directs himself to be interred in the chancel of 
the collegiate church of St. Chad, and wills that all 
the ministers and choir of that church attend the 
obsequies, and be rewarded in the usual manner (ut 
moris est). He bequeaths to every order of friars of 
the town 20d., and directs that he shall have four 
torches and four wax lights (cerios) to burn about his 
body at the time of his sepulture ; whereof he devises 
one torch and two lights to the high altar of the said 
church, one torch to the altar of the Trinity therein, 
and another to the altar of St. Mary. He further 
bequeaths seven marks to a fit chaplain to celebrate 
divine offices in the said church for the space of a year 
for his soul. To Thomas Mitton, son of his brother 
Thomas, he leaves a corslet (loricam) and sword ; and 
the residue of his goods the testator bequeaths to his 
wife Alice, and constitutes her and William Otteley 
of Salop his executors. The will is attested by John 
Colle and Philip Graie, Bailiffs of the town. 

Thomas Mitton, son of Reginald, still further aug- 
mented his property by marrying a rich Shrewsbury 
heiress, who united the wealth of the Tours and the 
Prides, names which occur so frequently among our 
early bailiffs, and the latter of which is still remem- 
bered in a principal street of the town. Thomas, his 
son, whom I conceive to be the present Sheriff", obtained 
a splendid addition to his inheritance by marrying one 
of the daughters of Sir John Burgh, with > whom he 
obtained Haberley, Dinas Mawddvvy, etc. During the 
year of his shrievalty he acted with great promptitude 
and vigour in the apprehension of the Duke of Buck- 
ingham ; and for this "good and acceptable service" 
King Richard, styling him "our trusty and well-beloved 
Squier Thomas Mitton", rewards him with a grant of 

VOL. xxiv. u 



282 MYTTON OF GARTH. 

the Castle and Lordship of Cawes, of the annual 
value of 50. Upon the accession of Henry VII, that 
fortress and domain of course reverted to the young 
Duke ; yet Mr. Mitton's spirited resistance, and season- 
able admission of Henry (VII) within the walls of 
Shrewsbury, of which he was then bailiff, secured him 
the favour of the new monarch. He served the same 
municipal office ten times between 1464 and 1500, 
and died in 1504. His son, William Mitton, quitted 
the residence of his ancestors at Vaughan's Place and 
removed to Coton Hill, 1 where he was living when 
Leland visited these parts ; arid I find in the Ex- 
chequer of Shrewsbury relating to this William, which 
is so far curious as it proves the deep humility with 
which a principal gentleman of Shropshire was obliged 
to approach a peer of the realm in those days, even 
when claiming no more, as appears, than his just due. 
The nobleman to whom it was addressed must have 
been George, fourth Earl of Shrewsbury, great-grand- 
son of the famous Lord Talbot, by whose countenance, 
as we have seen under 1430, his "officer", Hugh 
Burgh, ancestor of the present petitioner, was enabled, 
according to the allegations of Hugh de Berwick, to 
disseise him of certain parts of his property. 

" To the Right Honorable my Lord the Erie of Shrowesbury, 
Stuard of the Kyng's most Honorable Howsold. 

" In his moost humblist wyse, schowith unto your gud lord- 
ship, your true and feithfull orator, William Mitton, Esquier, 
son and heire to T. Mitton, late of the Towne of Schrows- 
bury, decesed, how that Master Thomas Talbot, your brother, 
now dede, whose sowle God pardon, of long tyme kept and 
witheld from the fadre of your said orator certeyn lands and 
tenements within the town and franchise of Shrowesbury 
fbrseid, which is the rightfull enheritaunces of your seid 

1 The protection of " fenced cities" and moated mansions came 
about this time in gradual disuse by the improved state of society, 
arising from a more exact administration of laws. In the habitual 
enjoyment of our present security, we do not enough regard the 
greatness of the blessing, or the causes from which it springs. 



MYTTON OF GARTIT. 283 

orator. It may therefor pleas your seid Lordschip of your 
blessed disposic'on to considerac'on of the true service whiche 
your seid orator, to the uttermost of his power, hath doon 
unto your Lordschip, to be unto him special gud lord, and to 
ayte and assist him to the recovere of the seid rightfull 
enheritaunces according to right and gud concyens. This at 
the reverens of God, and in wey of charite." 

John Mytton, Esquire, now (1820) of Halston, is twelfth 
in descent from Thomas Mitton and Elizabeth Burgh. 

We now proceed with the genealogy, following the 
Vellum Roll pedigree so far as it extends, and showing 
in italics any addition or variation made by the Visit- 
ation of 1623, supplementing it by extracts from Re- 
gisters, etc. 

i. HANKYN DE MUTTON (Hankin Mutton) married 

Alicia ; he had a son 

IT. Reginald de Mutton (Mitton) of Salop, Esq., held 
premises in Shrewsbury, 1413 ; Bailiff of Salop, 13 
Richard II (1390). He married Elianor (Anna), 
daughter and heir of Hamo ( Vichan), son of Sir Thomas 
Vaughan ( Vychari), Knight, of Shrewsbury, and had a 
son- 
ill. Thomas de Mutton (Mitton) of Shrewsbury. He 
married Agnes (Cecilia), daughter and heir of William 
Burleigh, Esq., of Shrewsbury (Arms : Ar., a lion ramp. 
sa., debruised by a bend compony or and az.), son 
of William Burleigh of Salop, by his wife Isabella, sole 
daughter and heir of William Tower of Salop, Esq. 
(Arms: Sa., three towers, triple-towered ar.),by his wife 
. . . . daughter and co-heir of John Preede (Arms : Az., 
three eels haurient in fesse ar.), and had an only son 
iv. THOMAS MYTTON (Mitton), Esq., M.P. for Shrews- 
bury in 1472. Ten times Bailiff, 1464-1500 ; Sheriff, 
1483. He married twice : first, Elianor, youngest 
daughter, and one of the four co-heiresses 1 of Sir John 
Burgh, Knight, Lord of Mawddwy (Arms : Azure, a 
chevron ermine between three fleurs-de-lis ar.), by 

1 The other co-heiresses were : Isabel, married to John Lyngen, 
Esq.; Anereda, married to John Leighton, Esq.; and Elizabeth, 
married to William Newport, Esq. 

U 2 



284 MYTTON OF GARTH. 

his wife Jane, one of the daughters and co-heirs of 
John Clopton of Gloucestershire, Esq. (Arms : Gu., a 
bend between six pears, or). Sir John Burgh was son 
of Sir Hugh Burgh of Wattlesborough, Knt., by his 
wife Elizabeth, daughter and sole heir of John Lord of 
Mawddwy, by his wife Catherine, daughter and heir of 
Thomas Corbet of Cause, Esq., who was son of William 
alias Wilcocke, Lord of Mawddwy, and his wife 
Elianor, 1 daughter and co-heir of Thomas ap Llewelyn 
of the House of South Wales. (Corbet Arms : 0?% a 
raven ppr. Wilcock of Mawddwy Arms : Or, a lion 
ramp, gu., within a bordure engrailed so,. John ap 
Llewelyn Arms: Gu., a lion ramp, or, within a bordure 
engrailed of the last.) Thomas Mytton, by his first 
marriage, had, with three daughters, an only son, 
William Mytton (v), of whom hereafter. Thomas 
Mytton married, secondly, Stanley, daughter of . . . 
Booth of Cheshire (but, according to Burke's Landed 
Gentry, Anne, daughter of the Lord Strange of 
Knockin, and relict of Jeffrey Kyffin, Esq.), by whom 
he had four children 

1. Sir Adam Mytton. 

2. Alan Mytton, married Wootton. 

o daughter, married Wentnor. 

4. Mary, married Hugh Say of Hope Say. 

An interesting anecdote of Thomas Mytton is related 
in the following extract from Owen and Blakeway's 
History of Shrewsbury, vol. i, p. 245, describing the 
incidents of the Earl of Richmond's (Henry VII) 
march through Shropshire to Bosworth Field : 

" He delayed his march to Shrewsbury till he was master of 
Forton and Montford Bridge, two points of main importance 
to his designs, as he was thus provided with a passage into 

1 " This Elianor was one of the daughters and heirs of Thomas ap 
Llewelyn ap Owen ap Merediths ap Owen ap Griffith ap Rees ap 
Griff ap Rees, Prince of South Wales, whose other sister, Ellen, was 
mother to Owen Glendower, and parted lands with her said sister." 
(See this pedigree at large in Dr. Powell's Wales, pp. 211-13.) 



MYTTON OF GARTH. 285 

the midland counties, even though this town should shut her 
gates upon him. Having secured that bridge, which, if the 
Salopians had been hearty in the cause of Richard, they would 
have broken down, his army encamped upon Forton Heath, and 
he despatched messengers to Shrewsbury to summon the town. 
When they arrived at the foot of the Welsh bridge, they found 
the place in a posture of defence; the gates shut.the portcullislet 
down, and the bailiffs within ready to give their answer. The 
senior of these magistrates for that year was Thomas Mytton, 
Esq., whom we have lately seen as Sheriff of the county, 
engaged in the arrest of the Duke of Buckingham. He is de- 
scribed in an old chronicle as ' a stout wise gentleman', and 
made answer that he knew the Earl for no King, but ' only 
Kynge Rychard, whose lyffetenants he and hys fellowe weare, 
and before he shoulde enter there, he should goe over hys 
belly', meaninge thereby, continues our authority, ' that he 
would be slayne to the grounde and so to (be) roon over (by) 
him before he entryd ; and that he protested vehemently upon 
the othe he had taken.' 

"Much conversation, we may suppose, ensued, but Mr. Mytton 
continuing resolute, the Earl ' retornyd', says our chronicle, 

'wyth hys companye backe agayn to Forton ' On the 

following morning the negotiation with the Bailiffs of Shrews- 
bury was renewed, and the Earl assured the magistrates that 
he did not mean to hurt the town or any of its inhabitants, 
but only desired to pass on to try his right to the Crown. 
We are told that Mr. Mytton began to yeald to these sug- 
gestions, but that on account of the oath he had so lately 
taken to oppose the entrance of Richmond into Shrewsbury, 
he adopted the ingenious expedient of lying down on the 
ground and permitting the Earl to step over him. There- 
upon the portcullis was drawn up, and the Earl and his retinue 
admitted within the gates, to the general joy of the inhabitants, 
and received, we are assured, ' with an Ave chaire (Xaipe), 
and God speede the wel ! the streets being strowed with 
hearbes and flowers, and their doores adorned with greene 
boughs, in testimony of a true hartie reception.'" 

v. WILLIAM MYTTON (only son of the first marriage 
of Thomas Mytton) of Shrewsbury, Lord of Mawddwy, 
three times Bailiff of Shrewsbury, and M.P. in 1491. 
He married Cicely, daughter of Sir Henry Delves, 
Knight, of Doddington, Cheshire, by whom he had 
one son and two daughters. He died in 1512, leaving 



286 MYTTON OF GARTH. 

1. Richard Mytton (vi), of whom hereafter. 

2. Ellen, married to Wm. Gatacre of Gatacre, co. Salop. 

3. Margeria, the wife of . . . . Dawes of Salop. 

vi. RICHARD MYTTON of Shrewsbury, six times 
Bailiff of Salop, Lord of Mawddwy, Chief Steward of 
the Manor of Church Stretton, and for John Lord 
Lumley in 1562. He died 28th November 1591, 
having been thrice married ; first to Anne, daughter 
of Sir Edward Grey of Envil, by whom he had 
issue 

1. Francis 



2. Humphrey j 



A nr-ir V died without issue. 

4. William 

5. Richard 

6. Rowland 

7. EDWARD MYTTON of Habberley, co. Salop, afterwards of 

Halston, an estate which he obtained by exchange with 
Alan Hoord, Esq., who had purchased it from the Crown. 
Ancestor of the MYTTONS OP HALSTON AND OP MAWDDWY. 

8. Ursula, married to John Owen of Dolgelley. 

9. Thomas Mytton, Esq., M.P. for Shrewsbury in 1554, 

who married Margaret, daughter of Sir Edward Grenvil, 
Knfc., and had seven children : John, Richard, William, 
Thomas, Adam, Margaret, and Anne. 

10. Elizabeth, married to Nicholas Gravenor of Showlde, Esq. 

11. Cicely, married to Richard Acton of Acton-on-the-Hill, 

Esq. 

12. John Mytton of Pontyscowrid, Esq. (vn), of whom here- 

after. 

Richard Mytton married, secondly (according to 
Burke, but not in the Mytton Vellum pedigree), a 
daughter of Jenkyn Pigott, Esq., of Rhuddlan, North 
Wales, and by her had a son, Richard Mytton, or 
Mutton, of Rhuddlan, whose great-grandson, Sir Peter 
Mutton, Knt., of Llanerch Park, Chief Justice of 
North Wales and M.P. for Carnarvon, had two 
daughters and co-heiress : i, Anne, who married 
Robert Davies of Gwysaney, co. Flint, from which 
marriage derive the DAVIES'S of Gwysaney (see that 



MYTTON OF GAUTH. 287 

name under COOK of Owston) ; ii, Elinor, who married 
Ken rick Eyton of Eyton. 

Richard Mytton married, thirdly, Elnor, daughter 
and heiress of Sir G. Harbrown, Knt. (in the Mytton 
Vellum pedigree she is stated to be second wife), by 
whom he had three children 

1. Isabell, married to Thomas Okeley, Esq. 

2. Jane, who married, first, Thomas (or Edward, according to Burke) 

Ireland, and, secondly, Thomas Higgon, D.D. 

3. Adam (Sir), Recorder of Shrewsbury, who married, first, Joyce 

(or Jane), daughter of Launcelot Lacon, Esq. ; secondly, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Holstock, Esq., and had by her three 
children, George, Edward, and Mary. 

Blake way, in his Sheriffs of Shropshire (p. 87) thus 
refers to Richard Mytton, 1544 : 

" RICHARD MYTTON of Shrewsbury, grandson of Thomas 
Mitton, as I suppose, the Sheriff of 1483. The manuscript 
chronicle of Shrewsbury in the Free School Library, known by 
the name of Dr. Taylor's Manuscript, thus records his death 
under the year 1591: 

" ' This yeare & the 28th day of Nov'r, master Rychard 
Mytton, Esquier, called the Gentle Master Mytton, an alderman 
of Salop, who had been six tymes Bayllyff of the Towne, was 
solemnly buryed, being about an hundred yeares old.' His 
wife, a wealthy heiress, daughter of George Harborne, an 
eminent lawyer, and Recorder of Shrewsbury, has a great 
character in the same manuscript. ' The 30th day of January 
1602, beinge Sundaye, departed this lyfe the worthy Mrs. 
Elnor Mytton, late wyfe of Mr. Rychard Mytton, Esquire. 
She was buried the Thursdaye following, very solemnely, 
being of the full age of 90 yeares. She was of greate 
birthe, and verey good to the poore ; vertuous and godly. 
She wold dayly pray most devoutly, three whoale houres 
before noon, and three whoale houres in the afternoone, 
and never storre' (perhaps stoode) ' but these tymes upon 
her knees. The God of peace no doubt hath received her to 
His Mercye. Amen !' These worthy characters fully expe- 
rienced the truth of the apostle's declaration, 1 Tim. iv, 8, 
' Sit anima mea vobiscum !' ' 

vii. JOHN MYTTON, ninth, but second surviving son 
of Richard Mytton, Esq., of Shrewsbury, was the first 
of the family who settled at Pontyscowrid, co. Mont- 



288 MYTTON OF GARTH. 

gomery. He married twice : first, Mary, daughter and 
heiress of Thomas Cole of London, by whom he had an 
only daughter, Ellen, who married John Whitacre, 
Gent., and had one son, Richard Whitacre. John 
Mytton married, secondly, Anne, daughter of John 
Barnes of Salop, Gent., and by her had four children 

1. Richard Mytton (vm), of whom hereafter. 

2. Humphrey, who married Judith, daughter of . . . Turnil. 

3. Edward. 

4. Jane, who married David Davies of Egerley. 

Over the chimney-piece in the large oak-panelled 
parlour at Pontyscowrid, the following inscription is 
carved : 



1593. 


I . 


N 


. R . 


I . 


I 


M . 


A . 


M . 



The last initials are those of John Mytton and his 
second wife, Anne, and the date probably marks the 
time of their residence in this house, and the letters 
I . N. R . I . may be interpreted as " Jesus Nazareth 
Rex Judceorum". John Mytton died intestate and 
was buried at Meifod, 5th December 1605. Adminis- 
tration was granted to his grand-daughter, Margaret 
Edwards, on 10th February 1614. (Mont. Coll., xxii, 
p. 249.) 

VIIT. RICHARD MYTTON of Pontyscowrid, Esq., born 
.... married .... daughter of John Parrye, Esq., 
(or .... daughter of ... Garnons, co. Hereford), and 
died .... having had four children 

1. James Mytton, fix), of whom hereafter, 

2, John, baptized at Meifod, 5th December 1605, and buried 

there 14th November 1613. 

3, Margaret, married, at Meifod, Thomas Edwards, 29th 

June 1613. 

4. Annah, baptized at Meifod, March 1606, and buried there 

5th February following. 

ix. JAMES MYTTON of Pontyscowrid, baptized at 
Meifod, 18th January 1600 ; married Eleanor, daughter 
of Edward Jones of Sandford, co. Salop, and sister 



MYTTON OF GARTH. 289 

of Sir Thomas Jones, Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas, and by her (who married, secondly, Humphrey 
Hughes, Esq., of Gwerclas) had three children 

1. Richard Mytton (x), of whom hereafter. 

2. Elizabeth, married Charles Hughes, Esq., of Bryntangor, 

co. Denbigh, High Sheriff of Merioneth in 1698. 

3. Dorothy, buried at Meifod, 10th July 1666. 

James Mytton was buried at Meifod, 1st April 1658. 

x. RICHARD MYTTON of Pontyscowrid (or Street-y- 
Verniew), Esq., baptized, St. Julian, Salop, High Sheriff 
of Montgomeryshire, 1674; married Bridget, daughter 
of George Devereux of Vaynor, Esq. (she was buried 
at Meifod, 29th October 1736), and he died and was 
buried at Meifod, 30th December 1715, having had 
seven children 

1. James, baptized at Meifod, 1673. 

2. Bridgetta, baptized at Meifod, 10th August 1675, and 

buried there, 4th May 1676. 

3. George, baptized at Meifod, 29th June 1677, and buried 

there, 29th December 1686. 

4. Maria, baptized at Meifod, 10th January 1679, and buried 

there, 26th June 1680. 

5. Richard (xi), of whom hereafter. 

6. Catherine, baptized at Meifod, 5th February 1688, and 

married Edward Lloyd of Aberbechan, llth April 1710. 

7. John, born 20th September 1692, and baptized at Meifod 

4th October following, and buried there 2nd October 1695. 

xi. RICHARD MYTTON of Pontyscowrid, baptized at 
Meifod, 9th December 1683, High Sheriff co. Mont- 
gomery 1730; married, at Guilsfield, on 10th July 1 71 7, 
Dorothy, only child and heiress of Brochwel Wynne 
of Garth, Gent., who was buried at Guilsfield, 30th 
April 1717 (by his wife Dorothy, daughter of John 
Powell of Worthyn, who was bu'ried at Guilsfield, 
]7th June 1714), son and heir of Thomas Wynne 
of Garth, Gent, (by his wife Hester, daughter of Broch- 
wel Griffith of Broniarth), derived through Sir Gryffith 
Vychan, " Knight Banneret under Henry the fifth in 
Agincourt field in France", from " Brochwel Yscythrog, 
Prince of Powis (see " The Genealogie of the Ancient 



290 MYTTON OF GARTH. 

and Worshipful Family of WYNNE OF GARTH", by John 
Salusbury de Erbistocke, 16th January 1777, original 
in the possession of the Earl of Powis, printed in the 
Montgomeryshire Collections, vol. xii, p. 255). By 
this marriage Richard Mytton became of GARTH, and 
possessed of the Garth estate, consisting of lands in 
Guilsfield and elsewhere which had been in the pos- 
session of the Wynne family since the time of Brochwel 
Yscythrog in the 6th century (Wynne arms : Sa., three 
nag's heads ar.). She died and was buried at Guilsfield, 
8th July 1728, and he died and was buried there, 25th 
November 1775, having had issue 

I.Catherine, baptized at Meifod, 6th February 1718; 
married at Guilsfield, 16th April 1738, "Edward Devereux 
of the parish of Forden", afterwards the eleventh Vis- 
count Hereford (see Peerage), and was mother of Edward, 
12th Viscount Hereford, and died 22nd February 1748. 

2. James, baptized at Meifod, 22nd January 1719, and 

buried at Guilsfield, 25th July 1742. 

3. Wynne, baptized at Meifod, 13th April 1721, and buried 

at Guilsfield, 15th May 1722. 

4. Kichard, baptized at Guilsfield, 10th April 1722, ob. s. p. 

5. Brochwel, baptized at Guilsfield, 19th December 1723, 

and buried there on 23rd of the same mouth. 

6. Devereux Mytton (xn), of whom hereafter. 

XIT. DEVEREUX MYTTON of Garth, Esq., born and 
baptized at Guilsfield, 22nd October 1725; married 
Anne, daughter of Richard Jones of Trelydan, Esq. 
(who died and was buried at Guilsfield, 10th December 
1753). He died on the 12th May 1809, aged 84, " the 
senior magistrate in the county of Montgomery," 
having had three children 

1. Kichard Mytton (xin), of whom hereafter. 

2. John Mytton, Esq., of Penylan, co. Montgomery, bap- 

tized at Guilsfield, 2nd December 1752, High Sheriff' of 
that co. 1809, and married twice 1st, Bridget, daughter 
of Price Jones of Glanhafren, by Bridget, his first wife, 
daughter of Edward Glynne of Glynne. She died 26th 
October 1819, and had issue 

i. Rev. Devereux Glynn Mytton, Rector of Llandyssil (1807- 
1857); married, 19th June 1810, Elizabeth Sarah, 



MYTTON OF GARTH. 291 

youngest daughter of Francis Lloyd, Esq., of Berghill, co. 
Salop. She died 6th October 1840, and he died llth 
December 1860, aged 77. They had issue 

1. John Glynn Mytton, born 15th September 1811 ; married 

Charlotte, only daughter of Colonel John Davies. She 
died 28th September 1836, aged 24, and he died 28th 
January 1844, aged 32 (M. I. Meifod Church), leaving 
an only daughter, Charlotte Arabella Anne Glynne 
Mytton, born .... 1836, and died 15th December 1859, 
unmarried (M. I. Meifod Church). 

2. Devereux Glynu Mytton, born .... 1815, died unmarried. 

3. Bridget Mytton of VVelshpool, living 1890. 

4. Elizabeth Mytton, married .... 1841, Rev. Robert John 

Harrison, M.A., of Caerhowel. She died in .... 1867, 
and he died 4th September 1872, having had three 
children 

i. Robert John Harrison, died an infant, 
ii. Robert John Harrison of Caerhowel, bom 27th September 
1852, Lieut.-Colonel of 4th Battalion of South Wales 
Borderers ; married, 2nd June ] 874, Charlotte Henrietta, 
third daughter of Air. and Lady Charlotte Montgomery, 
and niece of the Earl of Povvis, and has a son, Hugh 
Robert Edward Harrison, born 1875. 
iii. Elizabeth Sophia Harrison, living 1890. 

3. Devereux Mytton, M.D., of Varchwell, in the parish of 
Guilsfield, baptized at Guilsfield, 4th December 1753 ; 
died 30th September 1841, in his 88th year (M. I. Guils- 
field Church), unmarried. 

xnr. RICHARD MYTTON of Garth, baptized at Guils- 
field, 21st June 1751 ; married Letitia, daughter of . . . 
Lloyd, and died 8th April J801, in his 51st year and 
in his father's lifetime. His wife died 13th October 
1801, in her 54th year. M. I. Guilsfield Church. 
They had eight children 

1. Anne Mytton, born llth July 1777, baptized 3rd August 

following. 

2. Letitia Louisa Mytton, born 7th April 1779, and died 28th 

October 1787. 

3. Mary Mytton, born 17th December 1780, and publicly 

baptized 16th April following at Holy Trinity, Chester. 

4. Richard Mytton^ (xiv), of whom hereafter. 

5. Harriot Mytton, born 5th August 1785, and died 2nd 

January 1788. 

6. James Williams Mytton, born 1st April 1788. 

7. Devereux Mytton, born 14th August 1789, and died 

at Eton. 

8. Letitia, born 22nd November 1790. 



2.92 MYTTON OF GARTH. 

xiv. EICHARD MYTTON, LL.B.Camb., of Garth and 
Pontyscowrid, officiated at Trelystan from 1820 to 1826, 
afterwards Chaplain of Barruckpore in the Presidency 
of Bengal, and to the Governor-General of India ; 
born 4th January 1783; married, 5th March 1804, 
Charlotte, second daughter of John Herbert, Esq., of 
Dolvorgan, co. Montgomery (who was born 10th 
October 1778, and died 24th May 1872). He died 
21st February 1828, leaving two children 

1. Richard Herbert Mytton, Esq., of Garth (xv), of whom 

hereafter. 

2. Charlotte Henrietta Avarina Mytton, born llth March 

1805, died 13th February 1874, unmarried. 

xv. EICHARD HERBERT MYTTON, Esq., of Garth, born 
2nd December 1808, formerly of the Bengal Civil 
Service, in which he rose to a seat on the Bench of the 
Sudder, or High Court of Appeal ; afterwards Deputy 
Chairman of Quarter Sessions of Montgomeryshire ; 
Sheriff of that county, 1856 ; married, 15th May 1830, 
Charlotte, youngest daughter of Colonel Macgregor, 
Military Auditor General. He died 12th May 1869, 
having had twelve children 

1. Devereux Herbert Mytton (xvi), of whom hereafter. 

2. George Mytton, Lieutenant Bengal Artillery, Aide-de- 

camp to Lieut.-Governor of Calcutta ; born 15th May 
1834, and died at Dum Dum,20th June 1856, unmarried. 

3. Frederick Colvin Mytton, Capt. R.E., Bombay, born 13th 

November 1835, and died at Lewisham, 31st May 1888, 
unmarried. 

4. Henry Whitehead Mytton, born 18th September 1840 ; 

married at New Zealand, on 12th November 1863, Maria 
Mary, daughter of Alexander Sherwood Jackson, Esq., of 
Canterbury, New Zealand, and died at Rugby, Tennessee, 
12th June 1890, leaving issue 

i. Ellen Mary Mytton, bora 15th October 1864. 

ii. Henry Robert Herbert Mytton, born 4th January 1866. 
iii. Frances Harriet Mytton, born 18th June 1867. 
iv. Richard Griffith Vere Mytton, born 15th November 1868. 

v. Leonard Vincent Mytton, born 8th April 1870. 
vi. Hilda Violet, born 30th September 1872. 
vii. Charlotte Isabella, born 26th March 1874. 
viii. Kobert Arthur Carlyle, born 18th July 1878. 



MYTTON OF GARTH. 293 

5. Robert Furrier Mytton, born 23rd September 1850 ; Bar- 

rister-at-law ; married at London, on 26th August 1879, 
Annie, daughter of Stephen Crackwell, Esq., of London, 
barrister-at-law, and has issue 
i. Richard Devereux Hugh Mytton, born 7th February 1882. 

6. Richard Mytton, born 13th March 1856, of Lopchoo, East 

Indies; married at Clifton, on 27th November 1889, 
Florence Edith, youngest daughter of E. D. Thompson 
Harrison, Esq., M.R.C.S., formerly ofWelshpool, but then 
of Clifton, Bristol. 

7. Charlotte Henrietta Mytton, born at Jepore, 30th April 

1831 ; married, at Dacca, Robert Abercrombie, Bengal 
Civil Service, in 1850. He died 12th February 1889, 
leaving issue 

i. Frances Rachel Abercrombie, born 6th April 1851; 

married, first, Walter Robert Hamilton, 4th Bengal 

Cavalry, in April 1871, who died June 1882; secondly, 

William Percy Ashe, M.D. 
ii. Harriet Catherine Abercrombie, born 9th May 1854; 

married, April 1875, Ferdinand Albert Shaw, 
iii. Marian Elizabeth Abercrombie, boru 28th March 1856 ; 

married, July 1878, Charles Edward Harenc. 
iv. Walter Devereux Abercrombie, born 5th December 1860. 
v. Frank Sutherland Abercrombie, born 8th July 1864. 

8. Mary Ann Fanny Mytton, born 26th September 1837, 

and died at London, 30th December 1878, unmarried. 

9. Eliza Jane Mytton, born 17th March 1839; married, at 

Guilsfield, on 1st February 1872, Edward Francis Brown 
Brooke, Esq., eldest son of Rev. T. R. Brown Brooke, 
of the county of Gloucester, and has issue 
i. Gilbert Edward Brown Brooke, born 28th March 1873. 

10. Letitia Clementina Mytton, born 26th September 1844 ; 

married, at Guilsfield, on 1st January 1869, William 
McCandlish, Esq., C.E., of Lewisham, and has issue 

i. William Herbert McCandlish, born 23rd October 1869. 

ii. Charles Murray McCandlish, born 12th April 1871. 
iii. John Alexander McCandlish, born 26th May 1872. 

11. Emily Harriett Mytton, born 9th April 1847; died at 

Garth, 7th July 1888, unmarried. 

12. Mary Helen Mytton, born 7th December 1852 ; married, 

at Guilsfield, 24th January 1882, Francis Woolaston 
Trevor, Esq. (son of Edward Salisbury Rose Trevor, 
Esq.), and has issue 



294 MYTTON OF GARTH. 

i. Charles Gerald Trevor, bora 28th December 1882. 

ii. Herbert Edward Trevor, born 26th May 1884. 
iii. Frances Mildred, born 9th June 1886. 
iv. Ronald Adair, born 7th March 1889. 

xvi. DEVEREUX HERBERT MYTTON, Esq., of Garth, 
born at Baraset, Bengal, East Indies, 9th September 
1832; late Captain 85th Light Infantry; Sheriff of 
Montgomeryshire 1873; married, 23rd January 1873, 
Emma Lydia, only daughter of Edmund Storey, Esq., 
and has issue 

1. GEORGE HERBERT MYTTON, born 3rd Nov. 1873. 

2. Hugh Frederick Mytton, born 17th January 1875. 

3. Arthur Reignallt Mytton, born 21st August 1878. 

4. Philip Aldred Mytton, born 5th October 1880. 

5. Richard Llewellyn Mytion, born 3rd September 1883. 

6. Dorothy Wynne Myttou. 

7. Gwladys Ethel Mytton. 



BLAZON OF THE MYTTON SHIELD OF 17 QUARTERINGS. 

1. Per pale a.z. and gu., an eagle displayed with two heads or, within 

a bordure engrailed of the last. (MYTTON.) 

2. Ar., a lion ramp, sa., debruised by a bend compony or and az. 

(Burleigh.) 

3. /Sa., three towers triple-towered ar. (Tower.) 

4. Az., three eels haurient in fesse ar. (Pride.) 

5. Az., a chevron ermine between three fleurs-de-lis ar. (Burgh.) 

6. Gu., a lion ramp, or, within a bordure engrailed of the last. 

(Thomas ap Llewelyn.) 

7. Or, a lion ramp, gu., within a bordure engrailed sa. (Mawddwy.) 

8. Or, a raven sa. (Corbet.) 

9. Gu., a bend between six pears erect or. (Clcpton.) 

10. Quarterly per fesse indented gu. and or, in the first quarter a 

lion pass, guard, ar. (Beysiu.) 
1L Sa., three nag's heads erased ar. (Wynne.) 

12. Ar., three bull's heads couped sa., attired or. (Sir Aron ap 

Bledri.) 

13. Or, three lions erased gu., within a bordure engrailed az. (Griffin 

ap Allon of Powis.) 

14. Gu., a griffin ramp. or. (Llowdden.) 

15. Sa., a chevron or, between three owls ar. (Griffith ap Jenkin of 

Broughton.) 

16. Gu., three snakes nowed in a triangular knot sa. (David ap 

Jevon Goch, descended from Ednowen ap Bradwen.) 

17. Same as 1. 



295 



ROYAL ALLIANCES OF POWYS-LAND. 

BY THE REV. G. SANDFORD, PANT PURLAS, RADNORSHIRE. 



" I fetch my life, and being, 
From men of royal siege." Shakespeare. 

THE sentiment of our great national poet meets with 
an echo in the hearts of our countrymen, who boast of 
their long and high descent. The genealogic tree of 
Powys-land, like the British oak, has survived the 
lapse of many ages, and its offshoots remain strong, 
and vigorous. I will point to some of its branches, 
which have been signalized in bygone centuries. 

I. 

Griffith ap Cadwgan bore away the palm of a great 
aristocratic alliance from many formidable competitors. 
He was the youngest son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn ap 
Cynfyn, who was Lord of Nannau, co. Merioneth, and 
for some time associated with his elder brother, Mere- 
dith, in the sovereignty of Powys, and was dignified 
by Camden as " the renowned Briton". 

Possessing many of the eminent qualities of his 
illustrious father, Griffith succeeded in winning the hand 
of Gwenllian, daughter of David ap Owen Gwynedd, 
Prince of North Wales, and of Emma, daughter of 
Geoffrey Plantagenet, Duke of Anjou, and sister of 
Henry the Second of England. 

We will refer to a passage in the History of Wales, 
by Jane Williams, p. 270 : 

"Wales never had a stauncher champion, nor England a 
fiercer foe, than David ap Owen Gwynedd. Nevertheless, 
King Henry contrived to counteract the Cymro's innate aver- 



296 ROYAL ALLIANCES OF POWYS-LAND. 

sion, and to win for him a life-long friend, by bestowing upon 
him his fair sister, Emma, as his wife, and restoring the dis- 
trict of Ellesmere as her dower." 

David, and his brother Cynan, had displayed great 
prowess in the battle of Crogen against the forces of 
Henry II ; but the royal line of Gwynedd was rent by 
intestine divisions, and David seized the sceptre of 
North Wales, in spite of the claims of Llewelyn, the 
son of his elder brother, Jorwerth, who finally suc- 
ceeded in dispossessing David of the throne. 

Southey pathetically describes the position, and 
troubled career, of the English princess : 

" Emma was young ; she was a sacrifice 
To that cold king-craft which, in marriage vows 
Linking two hearts, unknowing each of each, 
Perverts the ordinance of God, and makes 
The holiest tie a mockery, and a curse. 
Her eye was patient, and she spake in tones 
So sweet, and of so pensive gentleness, 
That the heart felt them. ' Madoc !' she exclaimed, 
' Why dost thou hate the Saxons ? 0, my brother, 
If I have heard aright, the hour will come 
When the Plantagenet shall wish herself 
Among her nobler, happier, countrymen, 
From these unnatural enmities escaped, 
And from the vengeance they must call from heaven !' " 

(Madoc in Wales, ix.) 

Gwynedd remained for a long while a field of strife 
to the descendants of Owen ; but the star of David 
paled before that of his nephew, who was materially 
assisted by his maternal kinsmen, the Princes of Powys. 

In 1202 Llewelyn released his uncle, the dethroned 
monarch, David, from captivity, under a belief, that 
circumstances must have wrought in him a thorough 
conviction of the hopelessness of his cause ; but the 
liberated monarch fled to England, and was enabled to 

O 

raise an army there, and soon marched back to retrieve 
his fallen fortunes. 

Llewelyn promptly put himself at the head of the 
men of Gwynedd, and, hastening to encounter his 



ROYAL ALLIANCES OF POWYS-LAND. 297 

rival, gave him a final overthrow, whereupon David 
fled to England, and died soon afterwards of grief. 

The Princess Emma, in the reverses of her destiny, 
retained a pleasing remembrance of past prosperity in 
the picturesque land of her adoption, and her daughter 
Gwenliian, animated by the same spirit, secured for 
herself a lot of peace, and domestic happiness, in the 
unambitious home of Griffith ap Cadwgan. 



II. 

THE MORTIMERS OF KERRY AND CEDE WEN. 

The Mortimers were a powerful and distinguished 
family for a long period in the history of England and 
Wales, and were anxious to extend their influence in 
both countries by the castles they occupied, and by 
the retainers whom they employed in their service. 
They were eminent alike in the cabinet and the field, 
and equally popular in the court and the camp. Their 
spirit of ambition and enterprise never flagged. They 
strove to repair their reverses, if they occurred, by 
extraordinary energy and resolution, and to enhance 
their victories by embarking in any fresh project, that 
promised glory or reward. They had large possessions 
in North and South Wales, while the chief seat of 
their power was Wigmore Castle, in Herefordshire ; 
and the strong castle of Ludlow, Salop, was frequently 
garrisoned and guarded by them. They were usually 
successful in their undertakings, and the popular voice 
predicted for them a large increase of power, rank, 
and territory. 

" So the best courser on the plain, 

Ere yet he starts is known, 
And does but at the goal obtain 
What all had deemed his own." 

(Cowper.) 

It was natural, that the prescient eye of Llewelyn 
ap Jorwerth, Prince of North Wales, should look with 
a favourable glance on his illustrious neighbour, Sir 

VOL. xxiv. x 



298 ROYAL ALLIANCES OF POWYS-LAND. 

Ralph Mortimer of Wigmore, and that his second 
wife, Joan, the daughter of King John, should regard 
with admiration the handsome Englishman, and they 
were equally gratified, when the Knight of Wigmore 
was a suitor for the hand of their daughter Gwladys, 
the widow of Reginald Breos, Lord of Builth, but still 
comely, and winning in her address. 

Llewelyn conferred on his son-in-law the manors of 
Kerry, and Cedewen. The house, however, of Llewelyn 
was divided against itself. His first wife had been 
Tangwstyl, ferch Llywarch Goch, District Ruler of 
Rhos, and she had borne a son, Gruffyth, distin- 
guished in border warfare, but impetuous in temper. 
His father set aside his claims of seniority, and chose 
as his successor David, the son of Joan of England, 
who favoured the pretensions of her son to the throne 
of Gwynedd. His reign was limited in duration, and 
his successors were the sons of his brother Gruffyd, 
who had died in London, Owen and Llewelyn : but, 
ere long, Llewelyn became sole sovereign, storing in a 
retentive memory the jealousies, and jars, that had 
agitated the royal household. Between him and his 
cousin, Sir Roger Mortimer, a dreary gulf of animosity 
had arisen, and they were to meet in mutual hostility, 
until the one was humiliated by the surrender of his 
Castle of Cefn Llys, Radnorshire ; and the other, 
twenty years after, fell on the banks of the Irvon, an 
irreparable loss to the champions of Cambrian inde- 
pendence, when Sir Edward Mortimer headed the 
English forces near Builth. 

Another royal alliance was in store for the aspiring 
house of Mortimer. 

Lionel, Duke of Clarence, third son of Edward III, 
left an only child, Philippa, who married Edmund 
Mortimer, third Earl of March, lineally derived from 
the marriage of Sir Ralph with the Princess Gwladys. 

Edmund Mortimer, the fifth Earl of March, died 
without issue in 1424, when the earldom of March 
expired ; but the baronies of Mortimer, with the large 



ROYAL ALLIA^ 7 CES OF POWYS-LAND. 299 

estates of the family, devolved on his nephew, Richard 
Plantagenet, Duke of York ; and thus was founded the 
claim of the White Rose, and the heir of the Mortimers 
finally occupied the throne of England in the person 
of Edward IV. 

" Above, below, the rose of snow 
Twined with her blushing foe we spread." 

(Gray.) 



III. 

I refer, thirdly, to a descendant of Gwenwynwyn, 
Prince of Upper Powys, in the fourth degree, William 
de la Pole, alias de Mowethe, Lord of Mawddy and 
of Trefgarn, and Lord of Wattlesburgh, jure uxoris, 
who married Margaret, or Elianor, daughter and co- 
heir of Thomas ap Llewelyn ap Owen, Lord of Iscoed, 
Gwynnionith, and Trefgarn (see pedigree appended, 
p. 302). By this William the line of the Princes of 
Powys was carried on. His wife was illustrious by 
her descent from the Plantagenet Kings, John and 
Edward I, and the brave Prince Llewelyn ap Griffith, 
and related in consanguinity to the great Glendower, 
the Wolf of Plinlimmon, and to Henry VII, in whom 
the Welsh countrymen imagined the prophecies of 
Merlin and Taliesin, which predicted the recovery of 
their sovereignty over Britain, to be fulfilled. 

" All hail, ye genuine kings ! Britannia's issue, hail !" 

(Gray.) 

The vast possessions of the latter Lords of Mawddy 
in North and South Wales, including the Crown lands 
of Dinas Mowddy, em bracing 40,000 acres, and of Iscoed, 
confirm the record of the marriage of William de la 
Pole, and of the traditional descent of his wife ; and 
the able and excellent persons among her posterity 
indicate great qualities of the head and heart, and 

" Hands, that the rod of empire might have swayed." 
" Fortes creantur fortibus, et bonis." 

x 2 



300 ROYAL ALLIANCES OF POWYS-LAND. 

John, son of William de la Pole, married Elizabeth 
Corbet, a Shropshire heiress, with large possessions at 
Wattlesburgh, and Moreton Corbet. His daughter 
Elizabeth, succeeded to the large estates of her brother 
Fulke, and married Hugh Burgh, Sheriff of Shrop- 
shire, in 1430. Their son, Sir John Burgh, was 
Sheriff of the same county in 1442, and was subse- 
quently knighted. He was possessed of vast estates, 
and considerable influence. Living in the reign of 
Henry VI, he, in common with other eminent English- 
men, entitled himself after a seigniory in Normandy, 
and his seal is that of John Burgh, Lord of Olonde, 
near the Castle of Cherburgh. His ample inheritance 
was divided between his four daughters, the wives of 
William Newport, Esq., of High Ercall, co. Salop, 
John Leighton, Esq., of Leighton, co. Salop, Sir John 
Lyngen, of Lyngen, co. Hereford, and Thomas Mytton, 
Esq., of Shrewsbury. The Newports succeeded to the 
estates in South Wales, which the Moutheys inherited 
from the princes of that country, and the present 
Lord-Lieutenants of Montgomeryshire and co. Salop 
are descended from them. 

The Myttons entered into the possession of the 
spacious manor of Dinas Mowddy, Merionethshire 
now, alas ! alienated from the above-mentioned "scion 
of the Princes of Powys", while the Leightons and 
Lyngens received their portions of the Mouthey in- 
heritance from lands, entirely derived through the 
Corbets. 

The descendants of the Princes of Upper Powys, in 
spite of the vicissitudes of ages, retain for the most 
part their patrimonial domains, and prestige, and are 
still to be numbered among the chief nobility, and 
landed gentry, of Great Britain. 

(a.) The ancestral title of Mawddy is still cherished, 
and retained, among the family names of the Leightons. 

(6.) Robert Lyngen, descended from the third 
daughter of Sir John Burgh, Lord of Mawddy, took 
the name of Burton, pursuant to the will of his great- 



ROYAL ALLIANCES OF POWYS-LAND. 301 

uncle, Thomas Burton, of Longner, by Act of Parlia- 
ment, 1748, on succeeding to his estates. His son, 
Robert, was Sheriff of Shropshire in 1804 ; and his 
grandson, the Rev. Henry Burton, Vicar of Atcharn, 
near Shrewsbury, married the Hon. Charlotte Belasyse, 
third daughter of William-Keppel, sixth Viscount Bar- 
rington. 

(c.) Another grandson was the Rev. Edward Burton, 
D.D., Regius Professor of Divinity in the University 
of Oxford, and author of the popular History of the 
Christian Church. 

John Mytton, Esq., of Halston, co. Salop, descended 
from the youngest daughter of Sir John Burgh, was 
M.P. for Shrewsbury in the last Parliament of George 
III, and Sheriff of Shropshire in 1823. 

The Myttons of Garth, Montgomeryshire, claim their 
lineage also from the princely line of Powys. 

Many descendants of the Princes of Powys, and 
Lords of Mawddy, as though by a natural instinct, 
have pitched their homesteads in, or around, Shrews- 
bury (Pengwern), the ancient capital of Powys-land. 



302 



ROYAL ALLIANCES OF POWYS-LAND. 



THE LORDS OF MAWDDY DESCENDED FROM GRIFFIN 

AP WENWYNWYN. 
Edw. I, =f=The Princess Eleanor, John, King=f=Isabella, dau. and heir of 



King of 
England. 



The Prin- : 
cess Elea- 
nor, widow 
of Alphon- 
so, King 
of Aragon 



dau. of Ferdinand, 
King of Castile. 



=Henri, Comte de Bar, 

in Champagne, 

France. 



of Eng- 
land. 



Aymer Taillefer, 
Comte d'Angouleme, 



The Prin-=f= Simon de Montfort. 



cess 
Eleanor. 



Earl of Leicester ; slain 
1264. 



I 
The Lady=j=Llewelyn ap Thomas, 



Eleanor. 



The Lady=p Llewelyn ap Griffith, 
Eleanor. Prince of North Wales ; 
m. 3 Oct. 1 278 ; slain 
10 Dec. 1282. 



Lord of South Wales, 

representative of the 

Sovereign Princes of 

South Wales. 



The Prin-=pPhilip ap Ivor, Lord of 

cess Iscoed, in Cardigan- 

Catharine, shire. 



Thomas ap Llewelyn^The Lady 
Lord of South Wales. Eleanor. 



WILLIAM, son of Griffin de la Pole, : 
son of William de la Pole, fourth 
son of Griffin ap Wenwynwyn. 



Margaret (or Eleanor), dau. and co- 
heir of Sir Thomas ap Llewelyn 
ap Owen, Lord of Iscoed. 



John de la Pole, Lord of Mawddy=j=Elizabeth, 
and of Trefgarn, Lord of Wattles- 
burgh, jure uxoris ; ob. Nov. 3. 
1403. 

Fulke de la Pole, Lord 
ofMawddy; ob.s.p. 



dau. and heir of Sir 
Fulke Corbet of Wattlesburgh 
and Moreton Corbet. 



Elizabeth. =j=Hugh Burgh, Esq., Lord of Mawddy, 
jure uxoris. 



Sir John Burgh, Kt., Lord of Maw-=pJane, dau. and co-heir of Sir Wil- 
ddy ; born June 12, 1414 ; ob. liam Clopton of Clopton, and 
1471. Radbroke, co. Gloucester. 



i 

Eliza- 


= William 


An- =JohnLeigh- 


Isa- = Sir John 


E i 


ea-z= Thomas 


beth. 


Newport 


keret. ton of 


bella. Lyngen, 


nor. Mytton, 




of High 


Leighton, 


Sutton 




Esq., of 




Ercall, 


co. Salop. 


Court, 




Shrews- 




co. Salop, 


Esq. 


CO. 




bury; ob. 




Esq., ob. 




Here- 




July 16, 




Oct. 31, 




ford, 




1513. 




1512. 




Kt. 




See supra, 




T .T-.l *~1 








p. 283. 



, , Hughes of Gwerclas, vol. i, p. 610 
Montgomeryshire Collections, vol. i, p. 77. 



303 



COUNTY COUNCIL SEALS OF THE 
WELSH COUNTIES. 



THE determination of what should be the cognisances 
of the Welsh counties now formed into centres of local 
government has been a subject of interest in most of 
the Welsh counties. The seal appears to be the 
symbol of the executive of the newly-formed local 
government body. 

In determining the cognisance of our county of 
Montgomery, a canon was laid down that the heraldic 
insignia of the former chiefs or rulers of the district 
would be the most appropriate, and that the early 
Welsh chiefs should be preferred to the Norman nobles 
who settled in the Borders and conquered what they 
could of the ancient national territory of Wales. 

From our own county attention has been directed to 
the other counties of Wales, and a collection has been 
formed of the seals of the other County Councils, and 
an endeavour has been made to show upon what 
grounds the different designs have been adopted. 

Before entering into details, it may be stated that 
in the large majority of the counties the heraldic 
insignia of the ancient rulers or chiefs have been 
adopted ; indeed, in all but four counties this has 
been the case. In several instances the cognisances 
have not been treated heraldically, which is to be 
regretted. In respect to the four exceptional cases, in 
one case emblems supposed to be national were arbi- 
trarily and (perhaps it may be said) fancifully chosen, 
having no local significance, and being as suitable to 
any part of the Principality as the county to which 
they are attached ; and in two other cases, instead of 



304 



COUNTY COUNCIL SEALS OF 



heraldic devices, architectural or pictorial representa- 
tions of buildings were adopted a castle, and a college ; 
and in the fourth exceptional case a still more singular 
choice was made, a monogram was adopted, of the 
initials of the name of the county and of the County 
Council, with a Welsh word thereon equivalent to the 
name of the county, but not the source from which its 
name was actually derived. The Welsh word appears 
to be nothing more nor less than a pun on the name of 
the county. 

The selection of the mottoes seemed to elicit more 
interest and discussion than the determination of the 
main design of the seals. Some of them are very 
happy and appropriate ; others were chosen for their 
alliterativeness ; and all certainly testify to the ease 
and happiness with which the Welsh language lends 
itself to the formation of terse and striking mottoes. 



We will now proceed with the seals of the different 
counties, taking them alphabetically. 



1. ANGLESEY. 




The seal is circular, and 1| inch in diameter. It 
contains a shield bearing, Cfu. 9 a chevron between three 
lioncels ramp, or, the arms of Hwfa ap Cynddelw, 
the founder of the first of the fifteen Tribes of North 



THE WELSH COUNTIES. 



305 



Wales, who was Lord of Llys Llifon, in the county of 
Anglesey, and resided at Presaddfed, in the same 
county. On a scroll under the shield are the words 
" Mon mam Cymru" (Mona, the mother of Cambria), 
and on a garter surrounding the whole are " Cynghor 
Sirol Mon" (Anglesey County Council). The heraldic 
device on the shield was suggested by Mr. J. Lloyd 
Griffith, Clerk of the Peace for Anglesey. The motto, 
being an old proverb, was proposed by Alderman 
Thomas Jones, and the legend by Councillor Richard 
Roberts ; and Capt. Verney, a member of the Council, 
suggested the particular shape in which the shield 
appears. The details of the seal were carried out by 
Messrs. Shaw and Sons. 



2. BRECONSHIRE. 




The seal is a remarkably handsome one, designed and 
engraved in a high style of art, and our pen-and-ink 
sketch does not do it justice. 

It con tains a quarterly shield bearing 

1st and 4th Sa., a fesse or, between two swords, the 
one in chief upwards, and the other in base down- 
wards, blades a?\, hilts and pomels of the 2nd. 

2nd and 3rd Or, three rere mice (cats) ppr. Motto : 
" Undeb, Hedd, Llwyddiant." Translation : " Unity, 
Peace, Concord." In a garter surrounding the shield, 
" The Breconshire County Council, 1889." 



306 COUNTY COUNCIL SEALS OF 

The arms in the 1st and 4th quarters are those 
usually attributed to Brychan, Prince of Brycheiniog. 

Those in the 2nd and 3rd quarters are the arms 
assigned by Theophilus Jones, the historian of Brecon- 
shire, to that county ; but Mr. Joseph Joseph cannot 
give, nor have we been able to learn from other 
sources, any information respecting them. 



3. CARMARTHENSHIRE. 




The seal is circular, and 2-J- inches in diameter. 

It contains a shield bearing a harp impaling a leek ; 
crest, a dragon. Motto : " Rhyddid gwerin, Ffyniant 
gwlad," signifying "A free people, a prosperous country," 
but, literally translated, would be, " The freedom of the 
people the prosperity of a country." 

The old motto of the town of Carmarthen is, 
" Bhyddid, Hedd, Llwyddiant" (Freedom, Peace, Pros- 
perity). Perhaps the motto adopted was suggested by 
that. The charges upon the shield were arbitrarily 
chosen. A committee of the Council was appointed 
to take into consideration the seal and motto to be 
adopted. After some discussion they fixed upon the 
three national emblems " Y Ddraig Goch, Y Delyn, 
a'r Geninen" (the lied Dragon, the Harp, and the 



THE WELSH COUNTIES. 307 

Leek) for a device, and applied to a gentleman in 
London who is skilled in heraldry to combine these 
emblems, so as to form a suitable device. 

Various mottoes were suggested by different mem- 
bers of the Committee, but one submitted by the Vice- 
Chairman, Mr. Gwilym Evans " Rhyddid gwerin, 
Ffyniant gwlad" (A free people, a prosperous country) 
was unanimously adopted by the Council. 

" There were not any special reasons for suggesting or 
adopting either the device or motto, beyond the con- 
sideration of the rapid rising of the tide of national 
feeling in Wales, and a conviction that the most pros- 
perous countries are those where the liberty of the 
subject and the rights of the people are regarded and 
defended." 

" There was very little discussion over the seal, as 
the above-mentioned sketch was highly commended 
by nearly all the members of the Council when first 
submitted to their notice. A few, however, who had 
but an imperfect knowledge of the Welsh language, at 
first demurred to the use of the word "gwerin", be- 
lieving that this word meant " mob", and that the 
motto had some reference to " mob-law". But when 
the true meaning of the motto was explained, the seal 
was unanimously adopted, and the Vice-Chairman was 
complimented on the design." 

The seal is executed in a high style of art, and as a 
pictorial design may be regarded as pretty and at- 
tractive, but it lacks local significance. The device 
adopted would have been more appropriate to Wales 
as a whole. For a county, some ancient and historical 
heraldic coat would generally be considered more 
fitting. 



308 



COUNTY COUNCIL SEALS OF 



4. CARDIGANSHIRE. 




The seal is circular, and 2 inches in diameter. The 
design is altogether new, being a representation of the 
building of the University College of Wales, Aberyst- 
with, with the words " Cymru Fydd" (Wales will be), 
above, and " Goreu arf arf dysg" (The best weapon, the 
weapon of learning), surrounded with a garter bearing 
"Cynghor sirol Ceredigion, Cardiganshire County 
Council." 



5. CARNARVONSHIRE. 




The seal is circular, and 3J inches in diameter. In 
the centre is a shield bearing the arms of Edward the 
First Gu., three lions pass, guard, in pale or, differ- 
enced by a label of five points. Within a trefoil 



THE WELSH COUNTIES. 



309 



around the shield " three eagles displayed" are ar- 
ranged. Outside the trefoil is the motto, " Eryr 
eryrod Eryri" (The eagle of Snowdon's eagles). 

The design is an adaptation of the ancient seal of 
the Borough of Carnarvon, which also has an eagle dis- 
played for a crest. The arms of Owen Gwynedd 
Vert, three eagles displayed in fesse or had been for 
some time treated as the County Arms (though, as a 
matter of fact, there were no such arms). In the design 
for the seal it will be seen that the "three eagles dis- 
played" are arranged within a trefoil around the shield, 
with the ancient arms of the Borough of Carnarvon. 

The seal and press were presented to the county by 
the late county alderman F. W. Lloyd Edwards of 
Nanhoron, chairman of Quarter Sessions. The arrange- 
ment of the three eagles around the shield is not 
heraldic. Some would have thought it more appro- 
priate if the two coats had been either impaled or 
quartered, giving the Welsh coat the precedence, to 
which in point of date it seems to be entitled. The 
seal is now rather a compounded device than a heraldic 
coat. 



6. DENBIGHSHIRE. 




The seal adopted by the County Council is circular, 
and If inch in diameter, and bears simply a lion 
rampant surrounded by a garter containing "Seal of the 



310 COUNTY COUNCIL SEALS OF 

Denbighshire County Council ", and the motto, "Duw 
a digon." The translation of the latter is " God and 
enough". The following report of the Committee 
on the County Arms, presented to the County Council 
on 2nd August 1889, shows exactly how the matter 
stands : 

DENBIGHSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL, AUGUST 2ND, 1889. 
Report of the Committee on the County Arms. 

The arms borne for many years by the county of Denbigh, 
and used as a seal by the Court of Quarter Sessions, are a 
" lion rampant". 

This seal has, by resolution of the County Council, been 
adopted as the arms of the County Council, and the motto, 
" Duw a digon," has been added. 

We have made every possible search as to the adoption of 
these arms by the county, but without success. We can find 
no record in the minutes of the Court of Quarter Sessions of 
the purchase of the seal, or of the reasons of its adoption, and 
although Denbighshire has been a county since the thirty-fifth 
year of the reign of King Henry VIII, we find no evidence in 
ancient manuscripts or heraldic works that any arms had by 
usage been assigned to the county of Denbigh. 

No arms have ever been granted by the Heralds' College to a 
county, but "shields of arms are considered to belong to the 
different counties of the United Kingdom, and they are 
habitually used in documents and publications having a direct 
reference to the several counties. It is difficult, however, to 
understand how a county can be supposed either to have a 
corporate existence or to be able to bear arms." So writes 
Boutell in his Heraldry, but we would point out that, by the 
passing of the Act of 1888, which called the County Council 
into existence, the counties have now become bodies corporate, 
and as such are entitled to a grant of arms. 

The arms now borne by the County Council are a " lion 
rampant", but in answer to the various queries that are 
addressed to our clerk, we are unable to give any history of 
the adoption of our arms, or even to say what is the colour of 
the shield or of the lion charged thereon. 

This heraldically puts the county of Denbigh in a very false 
position, and one fi'om which it can only be extricated by an 
application being made to the Heralds' College for the patent 
of arms. 

We have thus endeavoured to describe the exact position of 



THE WELSH COUNTIES. 



311 



the county of Denbigh with regard to the arms it bears, and 
we leave it to the Council to adopt such a course as may seem 
to them best ; but we would suggest that further time be 
allowed your committee to extend their inquiries, more especi- 
ally into the arms of the ancient borough of Denbigh, which 
include a shield charged with a lion rampant. These arms 
have been borne certainly since 1610, then they are given by 
Speed in his Map of Denbigh, and are noted in the Heralds' 
College ; but the colour of the shield and of the lion are not 
described, and as this shield, borne by the town of Denbigh, 
may very probably be the origin of the shield borne by this 
county, we ask that more time be given us to pursue our 
inquiries on this head. 

CHARLES SALUSBURY MAINWARING, Chairman. 

A lion rampant was borne for arms by MARCH- 
WEITHIAN, the eleventh, and EUNYDD, the fourteenth, 
of the fifteen Tribes of North Wales, whose descend- 
ants are chiefly to be found in Denbighshire. March- 
weithian bore, Gules, a lion rampant ar., armed azure, 1 
while Eunydd's (or Efnydd's) were, Azure, a lion saliant 
or. 2 There can be little doubt that this led to the 
adoption hy the county of Denbigh of a lion rampant 
for arms. 



7. FLINTSHIRE. 




The design of this seal is of a very simple character, 
being a monogram of the letters " C. C. F.", with the 

1 Yorke's Royal Tribes of Wales (Foulkes' ed.), p. 199. 

2 Ibid., p. 205. 



312 



COUNTY COUNCIL SEALS OF 



word " Callestr" (flint) across it, surrounded by a 
garter with the words " Flintshire County Council, 
1889." 

We apprehend it must be an error, although a very 
prevalent one, to suppose that the town and county of 
Flint took their name from the flint-stone, for which 
the Welsh equivalent is callestr. It was originally given 
to Flint Castle " Castellum super Fluentum' the 
castle by the beach or the river, the word fluentum 
being easily corrupted into Flint (see Gwyliedydd, 1824, 
p. 211). It is a pity that the vulgar conception of the 
meaning of the word should have been perpetuated by 
so important an instrument as the seal of the County 
Council. 



8. GLAMORGANSHIRE. 




The seal is circular, and 1-| inch in diameter. It 
comprises a shield bearing, Or, three chevrons gu., which 
are the arms assumed by the county town of Cardiff. 
The arms seem most appropriate, being originally those 
of the De Clares, who were Lords of Glamorgan as 
early as arms were borne. Similar arms Gules, three 
chevronels in pale ar. are also attributed to lestyn 
ap Gwrgant, tributary Prince of Glamorgan, and founder 
of the fourth Royal Tribe of Wales. 



THE WELSH COUNTIES. 



9. MERIONETH. 




The seal is circular, and ij inch in diameter, and 
contains a shield bearing, Az., three goats salient arg., 
bearded, horned, and footed of the field, dexter base 
point, a rising sun of the third. Motto, " Tra Mor, Tra 
Meirion," and the date 1889. These were adopted on 
the authority of the late W. W. E. Wynne, Esq., of 
Peniarth, who, in an article in the Archceologia Cam- 
brensis of the year 1847, states: "The arras of the 
county of Merioneth are from a manuscript formerly, 
and probably then, at Dolforwyn, in the county of 
Montgomery." The MS., however, is not now at 
Dolforwyn. 

The County Council of Merioneth referred the selec- 
tion of the seal and motto to the Standing Orders 
Committee, and the above-mentioned article written 
by Mr. Wynne was brought before the Committee by 
Mr. Edward Griffith of Springfield, Dolgelley, when 
the arms above-mentioned were adopted unanimously 
by the Committee ; but as to the motto, there was a 
difference of opinion. The Rev. H. Cernyw Williams 
of Corwen proposed " Gorau Canwyll pwyll" (The 
best candle is counsel), but Mr. Morris Thomas, Corris, 
was in favour of " Tra Mor, Tra Meirion", and advo- 
cated it so strongly that the Committee accepted it 
without division, its chief recommendation being, it 
would seem, its poetic alliterativeness. The meaning 

VOL. XXIV. Y 



314 



COUNTY COUNCIL SEALS OF 



of " Tra Mor, Tra Mcirion" is " While the sea exists, 
so will Meirion." It is said to be a parody of the well- 
known adage, "Tra Mor, Tra Brython" (While the 
sea exists, so long will the Brython last). The arms 
themselves might have suggested a motto quite as, if 
not more, appropriate, namely, the old bardic one of 
" Yn ngwyneb haul a llygad goleuni" (In the face of 
the sun and the eye of light). This might have 
served to remind the members of the Council that 
their proceedings should be such as would stand the 
most searching criticism, as done " in the face of the 
sun and the eye of light". 



10. MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 




The official description of the seal runs as follows : 

" The Seal of the Montgomeryshire County Council. 
" The seal is circular, 2| inches in diameter outside measurement. 
The principal feature of the design is a shield with the Arms of 
Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Prince of Powys from 1068 to 1073, viz.: ' Or, 
a lion rampant gules.' Below the shield is a plough, and on either 
side are shuttles, symbolic of the farming and textile industries of 
the county, and over the shield is the motto 'Powys Paradwys Cymry\ 
a line from one of the poems of the bard, Llywarch Hen. The whole 
is framed in a cusping, the points of which are formed by leeks, and 
is surrounded by the inscription, ' Sigillum Commune Comitatus de 
Montgomery, 1889.' 



THE WELSH COUNTIES. 



315 



" The design was drawn by J. Forbes-Nixon, Esq., and engraved 
by Mr. Harry Soaue." 

A paper has already appeared in the Montgomery- 
shire Collections, vol. xxf^J p. 1, but the description 
is repeated in order to make the series of seals of the 
Welsh counties complete. This seal would have been 
satisfactory in every respect except for the adulteration 
of the ancient and interesting seal upon which it is 
founded, by the introduction of emblems of Commerce 
and Agriculture, devices which seem incongruous with 
the fine specimen of heraldic cognizance with which 
they are associated. 



1 1 . PE M BROKESHIRE. 




This seal is circular, and is 2 inches in diameter. It 
encloses an architectural or pictorial representation of 
Pembroke Castle, with the motto underneath, "Undeb 
sydd Nerth" (Union is strength). On the garter sur- 
rounding these are the words " Pembrokeshire County 
Council, 1889." 

The arms of the borough of Pembroke, as engraved 
on its seal, are a castle, or, rather, the gateway of a 
castle. 



Y 2 



316 COUNTY COUNCIL SEALS. 

12. RADNORSHIRE. 




The seal is circular, 1 J inch in diameter. It contains 
within a garter a shield bearing, Barry of si xo?* and az., 
on a chief of the first two pallets between two base 
esquierres of the second. On the garter, the motto, 
" Ewch yn uwch" (Go higher), " Radnorshire County 
Council." It is the arms of the town of Radnor, which 
are evidently derived from the Mortimer arms, but 
omits " the escutcheon arg." which the Mortimers bear 
over all. The Mortimers being the Lords Marcher of 
the district of which Radnorshire is a part, this cogni- 
zance would form a most appropriate cognizance for this 
county. 

We have ascertained from Mr. Farnham Burke, 
Somerset Herald, that " the inescutcheon arg. on the 
Mortimer coat has from the commencement formed an 
integral part of the shield". That inescutcheon is 
omitted from the coat attributed to the town of Radnor 
in Burke's General Armoury, and also by Lewis's Topo- 
graphical Dictionary of Wales. How that omission 
has occurred, we have been unable to ascertain. It 
had given rise to the idea that the Mortimer coat had 
not originally "the inescutcheon overall", and that the 
latter was an addition but that theory is not tenable. 

In the choice of the device of the County Council 
seal, the coat of the town of Radnor seems to have 
been followed without inquiry. 



317 



GARREGLLWYD STONE, ABERHAFESP. 

BY W. SCOTT OWEN, CEFNGWIFED. 




SOME time ago my attention was drawn to this in- 
scribed stone, from reading, in vol. xvii of the Mont- 
gomeryshire Collections, a description of it by Mr. 
Richard Williams. No solution of the meaning of the 
inscription was given in his short notice. I therefore 
made drawings and rubbings of the inscription, and 
sent them, with a description, to several well-known 
antiquaries ; but I met with little success, and I believe 
that most of them thought that the inscription was 
after the nature of "John Jones his mark". 

I propose to describe the stone, and afterwards give 
an extract from a letter from Prof. Hiibner of Berlin, 
to whom, through a friend, I sent a squeeze, giving 
the opinion of so high an authority upon ancient in- 
scriptions. 

The stone is erect, and of a very hard nature, about 
2 ft. 8 ins. high, and the same in width, and stands in 
a most commanding position on the top of a ridge 
overlooking the valley of the Severn, distant about 



318 GARREGLLWYD STONE, ABERHAFESr. 

four miles from Caersws, and is known as Garregllwyd, 
" The blessed or holy stone", pointing to its being 
revered for some reason or another. It now stands in 
a ploughed field, about ten yards from the roadway ; 
but in days gone by the spot where it stands must 
have been a part of what was known as Penllanlikey 
Common. 

Upon the slanting face on the top of the stone, 
looking towards the west, is an inscription, as shown 
on the accompanying drawing, which is as accurate as 
I could possibly get it, as to size and shape of the 
letters. The letters are about three inches long, and 
cut about a quarter of an inch into the stone, and are 
very plain, but the second E is larger than the other 
letters. Underneath the inscription are two strokes 
joined by an irregular-looking cut, which may only be 
a break in the stone, and yet may still be cut with a 
chisel. 

The stone stands at the junction of three parishes 
Aberhafesp, Bettws, and Tregyrion ; but none of the 
letters on the inscription can in any way apply to 
these Parishes or their Townships. The stone is men- 
tioned both in the Tithe and Inclosure awards, and 
there called by its present name. 

Within a short distance of the stone is an old road- 
way, leading to Caersws on the south-west, passing 
close to the ancient British Camp of Gwynfynydd, arid 
to the north-east to Berriew, passing in its course 
places with significant names, such as Lluest, Lluest- 
goch, Gwernybaid, the lust four letters being probably 
" bedd", or grave. These three places are within half- 
a-mile of the stone, and not far from the roadway. 
The road passes on to Bettws and its camps, and along 
the valley, on either side of which are two other 
camps, the one Penygaer, and the other " The Camp". 

Between the two latter is a field known by the pecu- 
liar name of Dijddijguyan twelve scores. Here local 
tradition points to a battle having been fought, and 



[GARREGLLWYD STONE, ABEHHAFESP. 319 

that the name commemorates the counting of the 
fighting men. Near to it is a field called Cae Bedw, 
doubtless the spot where the fallen were buried. I 
have also heard of a field of the name of " Death of 
Ten Officers", but cannot identify it. 

The existence of so many places with names pointing 
to war and its consequences, and the position of the 
places being near to the road I am treating of, led me 
to conjecture that perhaps the inscription upon the old 
stone might have been the mark of a Roman legion, 
marching towards Caersws by this road, avoiding the 
valley of the Severn ; but, as my readers will see, such 
a construction cannot be put upon it after reading the 
following opinion of Prof. Hiibner. 

I am indebted to the courtesy and kindness of Mr. 
G. Shrubsole, F.G.S., Hon. Curator of the Chester 
Arch geological Society, for sending the squeeze, which 
I had taken of the inscription, to Prof. Hiibner, and 
for having so kindly sent me the Professor's letter, 
with permission to make what use I like of it. 

Extract from PKOF. HUBNEK'S LETTER, June 1890. 

" The inscription, as you observe, is post-Roman: the squeeze 
shows the same as Mr. Owen's careful drawings. The letters, 
EEiTLLL, and the two strokes below, n or Fl. 

" It looks generally very much [like] those other Welsh stones 
which we consider Early Christian, from the sixth century 
downwards. They used to contain only the name of the person 
whose tornb they designated, either in the nominative or in 
the genitive, and some formula, like hie jacct. As E and F, L 
and i use too are very similar in the rude paleography 
of these inscriptions, I propose, but only as a guess, to read 

E F IT LL I 
H 

" The name, if it was a name, is Efitllus; the II or H 
may be an h for hie." 

Such is the opinion of the great authority, and 
should he be right in his conjecture, it would be well 



320 GAKREGLLWYD STONE, ABERHAFESP. 

worth while to excavate and see whether the mortal 
remains of Efitllus are still there. 

I need scarcely say that it will be a great pleasure 
to me to show the stone to anyone who is interested 
in the subject. 



321 



WELSH POOL: 

MATERIALS FOR THE HISTORY OF THE PARISH AND 
BOROUGH. 

(Continued from Vol. xxi, p. 345.) 
GENEALOGICAL (continued from Vol. xix, p. 242). 



ROCK OF WELSHPOOL. 

IN Mont. Coll., vol. xix, p. 219, under the pedigree of 
" Parry of the Dairy", we have given the issue of the 
marriage of Sarah (daughter of Edward Parry of the 
Dairy, and Ann his wife) with her first husband, 
CHARLES ROCK of Welshpool, Attorney-at-law ; but at 
that time we had not ascertained from what family 
Charles Rock was descended. Upon searching the 
Burgess Roll and the Welshpool Registers we found 
that Charles Rock's father and grandfather and great- 
grandfather, each bearing the same name as himself, 
had been inhabitants of the town, and carried on the 
business of tanner. The Genealogy of the Roclcs of 
Trefnanney and Clungerford, by Geo. Morris, 1854, 
kindly lent us by Mrs. Rock, disclosed the fact that 
" Charles Rock of Welshpool, Tanner", was a grandson 
of Richard Rock of Abbey Foregate, Shrewsbury, and 
Trefnanney, Montgomeryshire, Sheriff of Montgomery- 
shire, 1620 (see Mont. Coll., vol. ix, pp. 37-9). 
This pedigree will therefore stand thus : 
i. THOMAS ROCKE of Abbey Foregate, Glover, by his 
wife Beatrice, daughter of John Dawes, Bailiff of 
Shrewsbury, had a son 

n. RICHARD ROCK, born 29th March 1564, married 
Margaret, daughter of Thomas Mutton. As " Ric'us 
Rocke, ar.", he occurs in the Montgomeryshire Grand 
Jury List, 10 James I, 1612, and in 1613 on the List 



322 WELSH POOL. 

of County Magistrates. He was Sheriff 1620. He 
had issue : 

1. Richard Rocke, his heir, who, upon his father dying in his 

year of office, was appointed Sheriff, to complete his 
father's term of office. His descendants are traced in 
Mont. Coll., vol. ix, p. 39. 

2. Thomas Rocke, died an infant. 

3. Thomas, of whom hereafter (in). 

4. Edward, married Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew Charlton, 

Esq., and had four children. 

5. Dorothy, married John Prowd. 

in. THOMAS ROCK, born in 1597, admitted of the 
Drapers' Company in 1623, married Mary, daughter of 
Richard Scott of Shrewsbury, by whom he had seven 
children 

1. " Charles of Welshpool, Tanner, dead in 1721," of whom 

hereafter (iv). 

2. Edward of Shrewsbury, bound apprentice to R. Prowde 

of Shrewsbury, Draper, June 24th, 1668, and afterwards 
admitted to the freedom of the Company. 

3. Thomas. 

4. Alice, born 1624. 

5. Anne, born April 1662. 

6. Margaret, born and buried 1623. 

7. Richard Rocke of Crew Green, 1662, who by his wife 

Mary, who died 1(583, had Richard, born 1662 and 
Prudence, born 1664; buried at Shrewsbury, October 
20th, 1683. 

iv. CHARLES ROCK of Pool, Tanner (so described in 
his burial register), sworn a burgess of Pool 1678 ; 
died and buried at Welshpool, 5th November 1699, 
having had children 

1. Charles Rock, of whom hereafter (v). 

2. James Rock, buried at Welshpool, 15th December 1716. 

v. CHARLES ROCK " de Pola, Tanner" (so described 
in register of his son), sworn burgess of Pool 1721, 
married his wife Margaret (who died and was buried at 
Welshpool, 6th September 1746), and died and was 
buried there, 29th December 1737, having had two 
children 



WELSH POOL. 323 

1. Charles Rock, of whom, presently (vi). 

2. John Rock, died an infant, buried 1st June 1751. 

vi. CHARLES ROCKE of Fool, Tanner, baptised 30th 
March 1709, married his wife Maty, who died and was 
buried at Welshpool, 29th December 1757. He died 
and was buried there, 28th January 1758, having had 
four children 

1. Charles Rocke, of whom herafter (vil). 

2. Richard Rocke, baptized 28th November 1743. 

3. Mary Rock, baptized 9th April 1745. 

4. Jane Rock, baptized 8th December 1749. 

vn. CHARLES ROCKE of Pool, Attorney-at-law, 
baptized 2ith January 1741 ; Bailiff of Welshpool 
1767 and 1775 ; married twice. (See Mont. Coll., vol. 
xix, p. 219, for subsequent descents.) 



POWELL OF GUNGROG FECHAN, PARISH OF GU1LSFIELD, 
AND BOROUGH OF POOL. 

" Reginald ap Edward de Oilfield, Gent.," appears 
on the Grand Jury List, 34 Elizabeth. 1 (See his pedi- 
gree in L. Dwnn, vol. i, p. 320.) 

The next mention of the family we have found is 
the following : 

MORRIS POWELL, Gent., of Gungrog, born 1653; 
married Joan, daughter of . . . . , born 1637; she died 
29th March 1729, aged 92 ; he died 8th October 1721, 
aged 68, M. I., WelshpooL They had three sons, the 
third of whom was : 

Robert Powell, who was born 1682 ; died 21st March 1729, 
aged 42 (M. I., "Welshpool) ; sworn a burgess of Pool, 
1700 or 1707. 

In the Shropshire Archaeological Soc. Transactions, 
vol. vii, p. 176, the following monumental inscription 
in St. Mary's Church is given : " Powell, Margaret, 
daughter of William Powell of Gungrode. co. Mont- 

O O 7 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 257. 



324 WELSH POOL. 

gomery, obit 1796. Az., a fesse erm., between three 
lions ramp, or." 

In the " Topographical Notice of Llansilin", by Rev. 
Walter Da vies (Cambro-Briton, vol. i, p. 382), in treat- 
ing of Moms, son of leuan Gethin, and his descendants, 
the following passage occurs : 

" The Lloyds of Lloran isa, in this parish, were also descended 
from Morus. From the Lloyds the estate passed to the Grif- 
fiths. The last heiress of that name married ... Powell, Esq., 
of Gungrog, near Welshpool, who left two daughters, co- 
heiresses. The youngest married Eobert Lloyd of Oswestry, 
and left no issue [by his second wife, Sarah Powell], and the 
latter married Jenkin Parry of Main, near Meifod, whose 
daughter, Mrs. Margaret Parry of Glanyrafon, near Oswestry, is, 
out of a numerous family, the sole surviving representative of 
the name of Lloran isa." 

This passage is useful as indicating the descent of 
the family of Powell, who, on its head marrying a 
descendant of Morus ap leuan Gethin, became of 
" Lloran issa", although they also possessed Gungrog ; 
but it contains several mistakes, such as Mrs. Margaret 
Parry being the only representative of the house of 
Lloran issa. She may have been the eventual heiress, 
but probably Jenkin Parry had a son, Lawton Parry, 
Sheriff of Montgomeryshire in 1795, and who possessed 
a moiety of Gungrog, as afterwards appears. 

We now proceed with information obtained from the 
title-deeds of the property. 

ROBERT POWELL of Gungrog and Lloran issa 
(whether it was he or his father who married the 
heiress of Lloran issa, or what her name was, we have 
been unable to ascertain). He died . . . . , having had 
three children 

1. Robert Powell of Lloran issa died vita patris. 

2. Martha Powell, born 1730, described in the inscription on 

the monument in Meifod Church as "daughter of Robert 
Powell of Lloran issa", married Jenkin Parry of Main, 
who died 10th June 1787, aged 61, and she died 7th 
December 1793, aged 63, and interred at St. Mary's, 
Shrewsbury (M. I., Meifod Church, which was erected by 



WELSH POOL. 325 

their " daughters, Margaret and Martha Parry". Also 
M. I. in St. Mary's Church, Shrewsbury, to the mother 
and her two daughters' memory, which states that 
Martha Parry, the daughter, died 4th May 1799, aged 
40 ; and Margaret Parry, her sister, of Glan-yr-avon, in 
the parish of Llanyblodwell, co. Salop, died 1827, aged 
71, "in grateful remembrance of whom this monument 
is erected by John Hamer") ; but it would appear that 
Lawton Parry was the heir or ultimate possessor of the 
moiety of Martha Powell's estate, and possibly the son of 
the marriage. In a partition deed dated 14th and 15th 
Aug. 1804, made between Lawton Parry on the one part, 
and Watkin Williams (devisee of Robert Lloyd of Swan- 
hill) on the other part, it is recited that, by an agree- 
ment dated in 1 797, between Robert Lloyd of the one part, 
and Lawton Parry of the other part, it was mentioned 
that Robert Lloyd and Lawton Parry were seized of the 
Powell estates in equal moieties, and that a partition was 
made whereby the Gungrog property fell to the lot of 
Robert Lloyd ; but these documents do not state how 
Lawton Parry became entitled, whether by heirship, 
devise, or purchase. 
3. Sarah Powell, of whom presently. 

SARAH POWELL, born 1731 (described in a deed 
dated 21st and 22nd November 1778, as one of the co- 
heirs-at-law of her late father, Robert Powell the elder, 
late of Lloran issa, co. Denbigh, deceased, and one of 
the sisters and coheirs-at-law of Robert Powell the 
younger, of Lloran issa, deceased, son of the said 
Robert Powell, deceased). She married Robert Lloyd 
of Oswestry in a year previous to 1763, being his 
second wife. In 1766 she joined her husband in a 
deed and recovery, by which her estates were limited to 
their joint appointment ; and afterwards by the said 
deeds of 1778 the same estates were limited to her and 
her husband's joint appointment, and, in default, to her 
husband, Robert Lloyd, in fee. She died 19th August 
1790, aged 59 (M. I., Oswestry Church), having had one 
child only 

I.Robert Powell Lloyd, born 1764, and died llth March 
1769, aged five (M. I., Oswestry Church). This branch of 



326 WELSH POOL. 

the Powell family, by the death of the only child of 
Sarah Powell in her lifetime, is extinct. 

ROBERT LLOYD, the husband of Sarah Powell, had 
however, been previously married ; and it will be seen 
that the Powell property, including Gungrog, passed by 
his will to the issue of his first marriage, which we pro- 
pose to detail. 

ROBERT LLOYD, born 1721 ; married, firstly . . . . , 
and died 5th April 1793, aged 72 (M. I., Oswestry 
Church). By his will, dated 15th Sept. 1791, and 
proved 1st July 1793, at London, he devised all his 
landed property (including Gungrog property which 
had become his by the provisions of the deed of 1778) 
to his eldest son, Robert Lloyd. He had issue 

1. Robert Lloyd of Swan Hill, of whom presently. 

2. Mary Lloyd, who married Parry Thelwall Edwards, and had 

three sons Thomas (died young), Robert, and Parry, all 
mentioned in their grandfather R. Lloyd's will. 

3. A daughter, married ... Meares. 

4. A daughter, married Thomas Panting of Shrewsbury 

(mentioned in her grandfather's will). 

ROBERT LLOYD of Swan Hill, born 1745; sole devisee 
of the real estate of his father under the latter's will ; 
married Jane, the daughter of Annabella Williams (who 
had 'another daughter, Annabella, who married Rev. 
Phillip Puleston, D.D., of Rhuabon). She died 19th 
August 1790, aged 59, and he died 3rd October 1803, 
aged 72, having had three children 

1. Robert Watkin Lloyd (only son), born 1777; Captain of 

Major-General Gwynne's regiment of Cavalry ; died of 
yellow fever 26th June 1794, at Port-au-Prince, in St. 
Domingo, having survived the capture of that place (M. I., 
Oswesfcry Church). 

2. Annabella Lloyd, of whom presently. 

3. Jane Lloyd, married, in 1814, John Wynne Eyton of 

Leeswood, and had no children. 

ANNABELLA LLOYD (who and her sister Jane were 
coheiresses of their father, Robert Lloyd) married, 1805, 
Edward Gatacre the younger, of Gatacre. Marriage 



WELSH POOL. 327 

settlement dated Gth and 7th March 1805, whereby 
her moiety of the estate derived from her father was 
settled upon the eldest son of the marriage. Her 
sister Jane's moiety having been also settled on her 
marriage, a partition was effected in 1826, and the 
Gungrog property formed part of the property allotted 
by the partition to the Gatacre family portion. She 
died . . . . , leaving her eldest son, Edward Lloyd 
Gatacre, and her husband, Col. Edward Gatacre, her 
surviving. Edward Lloyd Gatacre attained his 
majority in 1828, and he joined liis father in 1832 in 
selling and conveying the principal portion of the 
Gungrog estate to Morris Jones, afterwards of Gun- 
grog. (See Mont. Coll., vol. xix. p. 180.) 



TUDOR OF GARTH. 

i. RICHARD TUDOR of Pool, Bailiff of Welshpool, 
1718, 1730, and 1749 ; died, having had children 

1. Humphrey Tudor, died and buried at Welshpool, 1714. 

2. Richard Tudor (n). 

3. Edward Tudor, burgess of Welshpool, 1 742. 

IT. RICHARD TUDOR of Garth (described as Attor- 
ney-at-law in his son's baptismal register), born 1714. 
His wife's name was Emma, and she died 1791, aged 
77 years, buried at St. Mary's, Shrewsbury. He was 
Bailiff of Welshpool, 1749. He died at Garth, 22nd 
August 1763, aged 49 (M. I. Guilsfield Church), and 
left three children 

1. John Tudor, Bailiff of Welshpool, 1775. 

2. Richard Tudor (in). 

3. Robert Tudor (iv). 

in. EICHARD TUDOR of Garth, born 5th Feb. 1747, 
baptized at Welshpool; Bailiff of Welshpool, 1796 ; 
married Anna Maria, daughter of Richard Lloyd, Esq., 
of Hall Kerry, and sister of Bridget, wife of John 
Jones of Maesmawr, died 24th Feb. 1812, s. p. 

iv. ROBERT TUDOR of Garth, married Elizabeth 
Lechmere, daughter of ... Lechmere of . . . . , co. 



328 WELSH POOL. 

Worcester, secretary to the Russian Embassy ; died, 
leaving a son 

1. Robert Owen Tudor (v). 

v. ROBERT OWEN TUDOR, Captain in Royal Mont. 
Militia, 1812 to 1852 ; married Emma, daughter of 
John Lloyd Jones, Esq., of Maesmawr, and died, 
leaving a son 

1. Owen Davies Tudor (vi). 

vi. OWEN DAVIES TUDOR, Middle Temple, Barrister- 
at-law 1842, author 'of "Leading Cases", and other 
legal works; married, in 1849, Sarah Maria, daughter 
of the Rev. D. James, Vicar of Llanwnog, co. Mont- 
gomery; died 14th Nov. 1887, leaving a son 

1. Owen Lechrnere Tudor (vn). 

vn. OWEN LECHMERE TUDOR, Trinity Coll. Oxon., 
B.A. 1877, M.A. 1880, Vicar of Willingden, Polgate, 
Sussex; married Brenda, daughter of Lieut. -Col. Green- 
stone, and has two children 

1. Oswald Campbell Owen Tudor. 

2. Muriel Frances Brenda Tudor. 



FOULKES OF CILCOCHWYN, PENTHRYN, TRELYDAN, AND 
WELSHPOOL. 

I. THOMAS FOULKES of Cilcochwyn Berriew, living 
in 1710 ; married Katherine Watkin of Penyffordd, 
and died, having had two sons 

1. Thomas Foulkes of Penthryn (n). 

2. William Foulkes of Cilcochwyn, who had one son, 

Vaughan, and one daughter, Catherine, viz.: 

i. Vaughan Foulkes, the elder, of Mont Manafon, who married 
Sinah Buckley (daughter of Pryce Buckley of Glanhafren), 
and had a son, Vaughan Foulkes the younger, who married 
his first cousin, Mary Pryce, daughter of Bice Pryce of 
Manafon, by Catherine, daughter of William Foulkes, 
and died without issue (leaving his widow, Mary, him sur- 
viving, who married, secondly, her second cousin, Henry 
Foulkes of Welshpool, sixth son of William Foulkes of 
Trelydan, iv). 



WELSH POOL. 329 

ii. Catherine, who married Rice Foulkes of Manafon, and had 
a daughter, who married her first cousin, Vaughan 
Foulkes. 

ii. THOMAS FOULKES of Penthryn (which his father 
or he purchased, in 1695, from Owen of Penthryn); 
married Mary, daughter and heiress of ... Davies of 
Belandu, and died, having had three sons 

1. Thomas Foulkes of Penthryn (m). 

2. Wm iam Foulkes of Trelydan (iv). 

3. Eichard Foulkes of Tycoch, now called Rhiewport. 

4. 5, and 6. Three daughters. 

in. THOMAS FOULKES of Penthryn, 1 Sheriff of Mont- 
gomeryshire, 1744 ; married Blanch Lloyd, daughter 
of a younger son of Lloyd of Trefnant, by a daughter 
of... Devereux of Cefngwernfa, and died, leaving an 
only child and heiress 

1. Mary Foulkes, who inherited Velindre from her mother, 
and who married Evan Gwynne of Llanfair, and had 
one daughter and heiress, Mary Gwynne, who married 
William Morris of Argoed, youngest son of Phillip 
Morris of The Hurst, and had one daughter and heiress, 
Harriett, who married her second cousin on her father's 
side, Edward Davies of Maesmawr (elder brother of the 
Rev. John Davies, M.A., of Fronfelyn), and had ten 
children. 

iv. WILLIAM FOULKES of Trelydan (second son of 
Thomas Foulkes of Penthryn), born 1711; married 
Anne, daughter of William Jones of Berriew. She 
died 10th Jan. 1784, aged 63, and he died 18th 

1 Thomas Foulkes by his will left Penthryn and all his other 
property to his daughter, Mary Gwynne, for life, and then (cutting 
off her daughter, Mary Gwynne, afterwards the wife of William 
Morris) after her death to his brother, William Foulkes of Trely- 
dan and his seven sons successively in tail male, with remainder to 
his own right heirs. Upon the death, in 1839, of James Foulkes, 
the last male of the Trelydan family, the Penthryn property 
reverted to Harriett, the wife of Edward Davies, who sold the 
greater part of it, and it ultimately became part of the Vaynor and 
Glansevern estates. 

VOL. XXIV. Z 



330 WELSH POOL. 

May 1795, aged 84, M. I., Guilsfield Church, .having 
had twelve children 

I.Thomas Foulkes of Trelydan, baptized llth Oct. 1744, 
and died April 1820, and buried at Guilsfield. 

2. Mary Foulkes, baptized 25th April 1746, and died 2nd 

Oct. 1813, unmarried. 

3. William Foulkes, baptized 20th April 1748, and died 17th 

May 1795, unmarried. 

4. John Foulkes, baptized 5th April 1750, and went to 

Jamaica, and died there of yellow fever, 18th Oct. 
1790. 

5. Richard Foulkes, baptized 18th May 1752, and died 

unmarried. 

G.Joseph Foulkes, baptized 23rd July 1754, and died 12th 
Feb. 1802, aged 47 (M. I.), unmarried. 

7. Edward Foulkes, baptized 26th March 1756, and died 

2nd July 1829, unmarried. 

8. Henry Foulkes (v), of whom hereafter. 

9. Ann "Foulkes, baptized 23rd Feb. 1759, and died 30th 

Sept. 1843, aged 83, unmarried (M. I., Welshpool 
Church) ; will dated 30th Dec. 1842 ; and was the last 
survivor of this branch of the family. 

10. James Foulkes, baptized 6th March 1760 ; married John 

Williams of Welshpool, of the Ystymcolwyn family, and 
died 1839, s. p., and buried at Wisbech, Cambridge- 
shire, and was the last surviving male of the Trelydan 
family. 

11. Winifred Foulkes, baptized 21st April 1762; married 

twice: first, in 1812, William Foulkes of Welshpool, 
solicitor, and had no issue ; secondly, on 12th Dec. 
1839, at St. Chad's, Shrewsbury, Augustus Lamb 
Hancock, an American doctor, twenty-three years of age; 
marriage settlement dated 10th and llth Dec. 1839; 
she died 15th Feb. 1841, without issue. 

12. Sinah Foulkes, baptized 7th March 1764, and died 27th 

Oct. 1844, unmarried. 

v. HENRY FOULKES of Welshpool, baptized 12th 
Feb. 1757; married, 20th Oct. 1784, Mary, daughter 
of Rice Pryce and Catherine his wife, of Tycoch, 
Manafon, and widow of Vaughan Pryce of Manafon. 
She died 14th Feb. 1814, aged 62 (M. I., Welshpool 



WELSH POOL. 331 

Church, whereon her parentage is mentioned). She 
died, having had six children 

1. Mary Foulkes, baptized 6th Jan. 1787, and buried 29th 

Nov. 1817, aged 30, unmarried. 

2. Catherine Foulkes, baptized 13th June 1788, died llth 

Feb. 1818, aged 29, unmarried. 

S.Anne Foulkes, baptized llth Feb. 1790, and buried 7th 
July 1869, unmarried. 

4. Henry Foulkes, baptized 1797, and died 2nd Oct. 1830, 

(M. I, Welshpool Church). 

5. Catherine Foulkes, baptized 29th Sept. 1793, and died 

llth Feb. 1818, aged 29. 

6. Eev. Thomas Foulkes, died 9th Oct. 1830, unmarried. 



WILLIAMES OF DOLANOG AND WELSHPOOL. 

i. " JOHN WILLIAMES of Dolanog", elected Burgess, 
also appointed Capital Burgess of Llanfyllin, 1740 (in the 
room of "John Williames, deceased"). John Williames of 
Pool, Gent., was appointed Capital Burgess, 1738 ; John 
Williames was one of the Bailiffs of Llanfyllin, 1744 
and 1748, and was elected Coroner, 1745 and 1754. 
He was a descendant of " Thomas (on Jury, 6 Chas. II, 
1654), son of William Williams ap Thomas Williams 
ap William Owen ap Meredydd, etc., to Llyr Graff." 
(See Cedwyn MS., under "Dolanog", Mont. Coll., vol. x, 
p. 22.) He died prior to 1762, leaving two sons 

1. John Williams (u), of whom hereafter. 

2. Rev. William Williams, born 1746, married Mary, daughter 

of Edward Parry of the Dairy, and had three children. 
(See Parry pedigree, Mont. Coll., vol. xix, p. 221.) 

ii. JOHN WILLIAMS of Pool, born circa 1728. " John 
Williams the younger, of Pool, Gentleman," was elected 
a Burgess of Llanfyllin, 1 758, and in 1 763 was elected 
a Capital Burgess of that borough, " in the room and 
as the eldest son of his father, deceased, by birthright." 
(Mont. Coll., vol. xxiii, pp. 153 and 147.) He was an 

z 2 



332 WELSH POOL. 

attorney. He married Susannah Meredith (daughter 
of John Meredith of Munlyn, by his wife, Mary Deve- 
reux, daughter of Hon. Robert Devereux). He died 
10th January 1802, aged 74 ; and she died 30th May 
1810, aged 73 (M. I., Welshpool Church, Mont. Coll., 
vol. xv, p. 306), leaving an only son 

1. John Meredith Williams (m). 

TIT. JOHN MEREDITH WILLIAMS of Welshpool and 
Dolanog, born 1776 ; admitted a burgess of Welshpool, 
1804 (Mont. Coll., vol. xii, p. 142) ; married, and died 
17th June 1806, aged 30, leaving two sons 

1. John Meredith Williams (iv). 

2. Eichard Williams. Admitted a burgess of Welshpool, 

1830 (ibid., p. 345). 

iv. Rev. JOHN MEREDITH WILLIAMS of Plas Dolanog 
and Welshpool, born 1805 ; curate of Berriew ; sworn a 
burgess of Welshpool,! 830 (ibid.) ; married Miss Bright 
of Totterton, and left one son 

1. John B. Meredith Williams (v). 

v. Rev. JOHN B. MEREDITH WILLIAMS, M.A., of 
Berriew ; married, and has several children. 



ALLEN OF WELSHPOOL, AFTERWARDS OF MAESFRON. 

i. WILLIAM (?) ALLEN, born at Lythhill, parish of 
Condover, co. Salop ; married Miss Owen, and had 
three children ; died at Lythhill, and buried at Con- 
dover 

1. William Allen (n), of whom hereafter. 

2. Mary Allen, born at Lythhill, baptized at Condover ; mar- 

ried to John James of Kiln Lane, Shrewsbury. He died 
in his wife's lifetime, and left her property, but had no 
issue ; she died, and left the property to her niece, Sarah 
Sankey. Both buried at St. Chad's. 

3. Martha, born at Lythhill, and baptized at Condover ; mar- 

ried to ... Sankey, and died, leaving three children 



WELSH POOL. 333 

i. Sarah, died unmarried ; buried at St. Chad's, 
ii. Edward, died uumarried. 
iii. Mary, married ... Smith of Shrewsbury, builder, and had 

one child, who died young. The three were buried at 

St. Chad's. 

ii. WILLIAM ALLEN, born at Lythhill, about 1698, 
and baptized at Condover ; married, at Condover, Ann, 
daughter of John Bennett of Minsterley, parish of 
Worthen. He was on List of Burgesses of Shrews- 
bury, 1721, and voted at the contested election for 
Shrewsbury between Kynaston and Sir John Astley ; 
removed to Plealey Farm in the parish of Pontesbury, 
where he died about 1770, aged 72, and was buried at 
Condover, on the right side of the church, near his father, 
and has a tombstone erected in brick. They had nine 
children 

1. John Allen, born at Lythhill in 1725, baptized at Con- 

dover ; died unmarried at Plealey, of a fever, about 1748, 
and buried at Condover. 

2. Sarah, born at Lythhill in 1727, and baptized at Con- 

dover; married John Evans of Lewisham, where he died, 
and was buried at Lee, Blackheath. She died there in 
1800, and was buried near her husband. They had no 
issue. 

3. William Allen was born at Lythhill in 1729, baptized at 

Condover ; died aged seven, and buried at Coudover. 

4. Thomas Allen, born at Lythhill about 1731, and baptized 

at Condover ; went to his half-uncle, Richard Bennett, at 
Kotherhithe, London, and married a widow there, by 
whom he had three children. He died in Herefordshire, 
without ever being seen by any of his friends ; he married 
a second time, and had several children ; names unknown. 
By his first marriage he had three children, John and 
two others, who died young. 

5. Joshua Allen, born at Lythhill in 1734, and baptized at 

Condover; died a bachelor, aged about 43, and buried 
at Condover. 

6. Francis Allen (in), of whom hereafter. 

7. Mary Allen, born at Lythhill in 1739, and baptized at 

Condover; married at Pontesbury in 1765 to William 
Jones of Aston, in Worthen, by whom she had four 
children 



334 WELSH POOL. 

i. John Jones, married Mary Hickman, but had no issue. 

ii. William, married, but no children. 

iii. Joshua, died unmarried. 

iv. Martha, married . . . Darnell of Shrewsbury, and had two 
children, and he died at Yockleton by a fall from his 
horse, and was buried at Westbury. She married, 
secondly, ... Preese, at Walton, near High Ercall, and 
had children and survived her husband, who was killed 
in a mine-pit by a fall. 

8. William Allen, born at Lythhill, baptized at Condover ; 
married Ann Jones of Wytherford, in Shawbury, and 
died at Bridgenorth, and buried at Condover. He had 
five children 

i. Thomas Allen, born at Wytheford ; drowned in a well 

there, 
ii. William Allen, born at Wytheford ; married a daughter 

of Richard Peck of Hurley, and had one son. 
iii. Ann Allen, born at Wytheford ; married William Heigh way 

of the Green, and had children, 
iv. Sarah Allen, born at Wytheford, and married Thomas 

Blakeway of Pontesbury, and had four children. 
v. Joshua Allen, married, in November 1805, Anne, daughter 

of ... Lolly of Liverpool, merchant, at one time Captain 

of the 2nd Shropshire Militia. 

9. Martha Allen, born at Plealey and baptized at Pontes- 
bury ; married, at Pontesbury, John Meredith of Yockleton, 
farmer. They had several children, who are all dead, 
unmarried, except 

i. John Meredith, married Ann Britten in London, about 
1793 ; was Master of Westbury School. She died 2nd 
July 1807, and her husband married, secondly, in 1808, 
Susannah Sambrook ; upon her death John Meredith 
married, thirdly, . . . . daughter of ... Poole of Welling- 
ton. He died on 23rd September 1847, aged 78, and was 
buried at Westbury, having had by his first marriage seven 
children 

1. Edward. 

2. Ann. 

3. Thomas. 

4. Mary. 

5. Martha. 

6. John. 

7. Alfred, Town Clerk of Welshpool, married, and died 

leaving no children. 

And having had by his second marriage two children 

1. Richard. 

2. Emma. 



WELSH POOL. 335 

And having had by his third marriage one child 

Jesse, who died in 1842. 

ii. Thomas Meredith, died in 1838, at Yockleton, and buried 
at Westbury, leaving four children i, Ann ; ii, Eliza- 
beth; iii, John; iv, Harriot. 

in. FRANCIS ALLEN, born at Lythhill, Old Christmas 
Day, 1737, baptized at Condover ; married, in 1771, 
at Pontesbury, Mary, fourth daughter of John Braze- 
nor of Auston, in Pontesbury (by his wife Elizabeth, 
eldest daughter of Edward Clarke of Potterton, in 
Ratlinghope), afterwards of Nyoddfraith, parish of 
Llanllwchaiarn, and Glanhafren, parish of Pool, Castle 
Foregate and Cotton Hill, in Shrewsbury. Died at 
Cotton Hill, 3rd June 1820 ; buried at Condover, having 
had ten children 

I.William Allen, born at Nyoddfraith, 26th June 1772, 
baptized at Llanllwchaiarn ; married Mary, daughter of 
Robert Oakeley of Cotton Hill, Shrewsbury, at St. Mary's. 
He died at Cotton Hill, 10th October 1846 ;> buried at 
St. Michael's, Shrewsbury ; he left four daughters 
i. Mary Allen, died 1878. 
ii. Sarah Allen, died 1863. 

iii. Martha Allen, married Richard Gregory of Shrewsbury 
(who died November 1854), and died July 1855, leaving 
two children 

1. WILLIAM GREGORY, born at Shrewsbury, 20th December 
1839 ; married at Liverpool, on 16th May 1871, Louisa, 
daughter of Captain James Ford, Mercantile Marine, 
of Liverpool ; went to Canada, and has ten children 

i. Mary, born 1872. 

ii. Francis William, born 15th Sept. 1873. 
iii. Henry James, born 19th March, 1875. 
iv. Richard Sebastian, born 30th Sept. 1878. 

v. Enoch Allen, born 18th June 1889. 
vi. to x. Five other daughters. 

2. Mary E. Gregory of Liverpool ; living 1890. 
iv. Jane Allen, married twice ; first, Thomas Davies, and 
secondly, George Mansell, and died in 1864 without 
issue. 

2. John Allen, born at Nyoddfraith, 10th January 1744, bap- 

tized at Llanllwchaiarn, died at Glanhafren when a year 
and a half old, buried at Welshpool. 

3. Francis Allen (iv), of whom hereafter. 

4. John Allen, born at Glanhafren, 19th May 1777; married, 



336 WELSH POOL. 

at Clapham, Martha Campbell Eobinson, daughter of ... 
Robinson, widow of a goldsmith, and died at Shrews- 
bury, 27th January 1829, and buried at St. Mary's, leav- 
ing his wife surviving and six children 
i. Elizabeth, 
ii. Jane. 

iii. Ann. 

iv. Eliza. 

v. Emma. 

vi. John. 

5. Sarah Allen, born at Glanhafren, 16th October 1778, and 

baptized at Pool; died atMaesfron, in parish of Butting- 
ton, by drowning, 15th June 1845; buried at Buttington. 

6. Thomas Allen, born at the Lane in Pontesbury, Shrop- 

shire, 30th July 1780; married Margaret, second 
daughter of ... Everell of Cotton Hill, Shrewsbury, in 
February 1803, at St. Mary's, and died 3rd November 
1840, buried at St. Mary's, Shrewsbury, leaving three 
children 

i. Mary Allen, 
ii. Ann Allen. 

iii. Thomas Allen, an attorney, resident in Welshpool, and 
died there a bachelor, 25th February 1843, aged 31, 
and buried at Welshpool on 1st March. 

7. Mary Allen, born at the Castleforgate in Shrewsbury, 

8th November 1782, baptized at St. Mary's; died un- 
married at Maesfron, 3rd November 1861, and buried at 
Buttington. 

8. Joshua Allen, born at Castleforegate in Shrewsbury, 

23rd January 1786, and baptized at St. Mary's, and died 
at Shrewsbury, llth April 1829, and buried at St. 
Mary's. 

9. Robert Allen, born at Cotton Hill, Shrewsbury, 14th 

July 1791, baptized at St. Mary's, educated at Shrews- 
bury Grammar School ; died in his clerkship at Welsh- 
pool, 29th January 1847, unmarried. 

10. Elizabeth Allen, born at Cotton Hill, 8th July 1795, 
baptized at St. Mary's ; died unmarried at Maesfron, 
14th August 1868, and buried at Buttington. 

iv. FEANCIS ALLEN, born 19th July 1775 at Glan- 
hafren, parish of Welshpool, and baptized at Welsh- 
pool on 23rd same month ; articled to Mr. Edmund 
Edye, an attorney at Montgomery, 14th May 1804 ; 
admitted, June 1809 ; married to Mary, daughter of 
Henry Luxmoore of Exeter (by his wife, Grace 



WELSH POOL. 337 

Corlice), son of John Luxmoore of Weatherden, Oak- 
hampton (by his wife, Mary Cunningham), third son 1 
of John Luxmoore of Weatherden, Devonshire, Esq. 
(by his wife, Mary Coryndon), 20th July 1809, at St. 
David's in that city. She died 1 6th Nov. 1812, and was 
buried at Montgomery. He practised for many years 
as an attorney at Welshpool, and was Town Clerk 
of that borough for some years previous to 1843. He 
was Quarter-master in the Royal Eastern Montgomery 
Regiment of Local Militia, 1809. Upon retiring from 
practice in 1843, he went to reside at Maesfron, parish 
of Buttington. By his will, dated 14th August 1848, 
and proved at London, 31st July 1852, he devised 
the Maesfron estate to his only surviving child, 
Mary Grace, for life, with remainder to her issue 
in tail, and, in default of issue, to his grand-nephew, 
William Gregory, for life, with remainder to his 
first and other sons successively in tail male, with 
divers remainders over. He died at Maesfron, 24th 
April 1852, and was buried at Buttington, in which 
church there is a mural monument to his memory 
bearing the following inscription : 

" To perpetuate the Memory of Francis Allen of Maesfron, Solicitor, 
who, after a long life of Professional Industry and Integrity in this 
County, died the 24th day of April 1852, aged 77 years." 

He had two children only : 

1. Mary Grace Allen (v), of whom hereafter. 

2. Francis Henry Allen, born at Montgomery, 8th August 

1812, and died 14th Nov. 1812, and buried there. 

v. MARY GRACE ALLEN, born at Montgomery, 16th 
September 1810 ; married, at Buttington, 6th July 
1854, WILLIAM FISHER, Esq., formerly of Liverpool, 
now of Maesfron, born 8th December 1806, High 
Sheriff of Montgomeryshire 1868, J.P. co. Mont- 
gomery; both living 1890. 

1 The eldest son, John Luxmoore, was the grandfather of Rev. 
C. T. C. Luxmoore, Vicar of Guilsfield, who was, therefore, Mrs. 
Fisher's second cousin, aud both were related in the same degree to 
Bishop Luxmoore. 



338 



WELSH fOOL. 



APPENDIX. 



The following sketch-pedigree in Mr. Francis Allen's 
handwriting, indicates the supposed connection with the 
Irish family of ALLEN. 



1825. 



Sir Joshua Allen=j=Mary Wilbrow 



of Dublin, 
died 1691. 



of Cheshire. 



John, created a Baron and Viscount in I7l7.=p 



Joshua. =p 



Eichard.=j=Dorothy Green. 



Only surviving son ; John, succeeded his Joshua, succeeded his=p 
died without issue in cousin upon his death brother in 1793; 
without issue, but died 1816. 

died unmarried in 
1793. 



1745. 



Joshua William Allen, present (1825) Viscount. 




William. =p Owen. 



William.=i=Ann Bennet. 



Mary. 



Martha. 



I I I 

John. Sarah. William. Thomas. Joshua. 



JFrancis.=f Mary Brasenor. Mary. William. 



I I I 

William. John. Francis. John. 



Sarah. Thomas. Mary. Joshua 



Robert. Elizabeth. 



WELSH POOL. 339 

The early part of the foregoing pedigree is taken from a 
MS. book in the handwriting of the late Mr. Francis Allen, 
written in 1805, with the following memorandum on the first 
page: 

" Genealogical Description of the Pedigree, taken 1805. 

" Taken from the informations of my father and mother, and from 
other sources, but principally fi-om them ; and my father says it was 
understood in his family that his ancestor came from Ireland into 
Shropshire, and that he was descended from the same common an- 
cestor as the Irish Viscount Allen, but the relationship was remote. 

(Signed) " FRANCIS ALLEN." 

Under " William (?) Allen (I) " the following remarks are 
appended : 

" Was a farmer and a great companion of the Owen family of 

Condover. Is reputed to have had brothers who were 

in the army, and died of fever abroad, unmarried, but in what 
parts or what commissions they held is unknown." 



FISHER OF MAESFRON. 

I. EGBERT FISHER, born 1720; married Sarah, 
daughter of Rev. W. Blake, of the same family as 
Admiral Blake ; she was born 1 722, and died 4th 
August 1799, aged 77; and he died 21st December 
1758, having had one child 

1. Robert Fisher (n), of whom hereafter. 

ii. ROBERT FISHER, born 1747; his wife's name was 
Ann ; she died 6th March 1785, aged 34 ; and he died 
llth April J 828, aged 81, having had six children 

1. Thomas Fisher (in), of whom hereafter. 

2. William Fisher, born 30th January 1777; died 27th 

September 1797. 

3. Ann Fisher, born 18th March 1778; died 7th March 

1802. 

4. Robert Fisher, born 7th November 1779 ; died 31st July 

1802. 

5. Sarah Fisher, born 13th January 1782; died llth Feb- 

ruary 1804. 

6. Susan Fisher, born 6th September 1783 ; died 20th Feb- 

ruary 1786. 



340 WELSH POOL. 

in. THOMAS FISHER of Blandford, born 27th Novem- 
ber 1775 ; married Sarah, daughter of John Jervis 1 of 
Cranbrook, Kent, at St. Pancras Church, London. 
She died 26th November 1827, and he died at Lewes, 
Sussex, 12th January 1860, having had issue 

I.Charles Fisher, bora 21st February 1801; died 15th 
May 1 819. 

2. Robert Fisher, born 26th June 1804; married, and had 

one surviving child 

George Fisher, born 1857, and married, first, Mary Eliza- 
beth Lynn ; secondly, August 1889, Ida Jenkins. By 
his first marriage he had two daughters 

1. Clara Ethel Fisher 

2. Prudence Louisa Fisher. 

3. Ann Fisher, born 6th July 1805 ; died 10th December 

1871, unmarried. 

4. William Fisher (iv), of whom hereafter. 

5. Sarah Fisher, born 15th February 1808 ; died 13th July 

1867. 

6. Sophia Fisher, born 8th March 1809 ; died 12th January 

1848. 

7. George Fisher, born 3rd September 1811 ; died 1st April 

1814. 

8. Emily Fisher, born 16th December 1813; died 25th 

April 1815. 

9. B... John Fisher, born 10th February 1815; died 23rd 

June 1835. 

iv. WILLTAM FISHER of Liverpool, afterwards of 
Maesfron, Montgomeryshire, born 8th December 1806 ; 
married, 6th July 1854, at Buttington, Mary Grace, 
only child and heiress of Francis Allen, Esq., of Maes- 
fron ; High Sheriff of Montgomeryshire, 1868. 

1 Capt. John Jervis, the brother of Mrs. Thomas Fisher, died at 
Worthen, Sussex ; his widow was Mrs. Jervis, who held the office of 
Postmistress iu Welshpool for many years. The Jervis family were 
long connected with Welshpool, and different members of the family 
had held commissions in the Montgomeryshire Militia, and were Bur- 
gesses and Bailiffs of Welshpool. (See Mont. Coll., vol. xii, p. 351.) 



WELSH POOL. 341 



SALTER OF WELSHPOOL. 

i. ... SALTER of Ness, Salop, died, leaving two 
children. 

1. Joseph Salter (n), of whom hereafter. 

2. ? Robert Salter of Flint, merchant. 

ii. JOSEPH SALTER of Oswestry, born 1 726 ; married 
Jane, daughter of . . . . ; she died 15th August 1794, 
aged 71, and he died 17th February 1800, aged 74. 
They had four children 

1. Robert Salter 1 of Oswestry, the author of The Modern 
Angler, published 3rd September 1800 (see Salopian 
Journal of that date), born 3rd November 1758 ; mar- 
ried Gertrude, daughter of ... Price; she died 1st Feb- 
ruary 1795, aged 38, and he died 23rd November 1835, 
aged 77 (M. I., Oswestry Church), having had three 
children 

i. Mary Salter, died a spinster, 13th December 18.51, aged 60. 
ii. Richard Salter, died a bachelor, 26th May 1857, aged 63. 
iii. Frances, married Richard Bill, and died without issue. 



1 As to Robert Salter, Cathrall, in his History of Oswestry, in his 
biographical notices of Oswestrians, page 234, says : " This gentle- 
man's family had for centuries been connected with Oswestry, the 
name of ' Salter' being recorded in civic documents of a very ancient 
date. He was the author of a piscatorial work, entitled The Modern 
Angler, a brochure written in a series of letters to a disciple of Isaac 
Walton, and evidencing a thoroughly practical acquaintance with the 
art of angling. It was published in [or rather before] 1811 [the second 
edition was published in this year]. Like that celebrated lover of 
the finny tribes, he looks upon his favourite recreation with the warmest 
enthusiasm of his craft, and quotes Walton's refreshing picture of 
some of the angler's joys on closing a long day's sport. Safely landed 
at some ' friendly cottage, where the landlady is good, and the 
daughter innocent and beautiful ; where the room is cleanly, with 
lavender in the sheets, and twenty ballads stuck about the wall ; 
there he can enjoy the company of a talkative brother-sportsman, have 
his trouts dressed for his supper, tell tales, sing old tunes, or make a 
catch. There he can talk of the wonders of nature, with learned 
admiration, or find some harmless sport to content him, and pass 
away a little time without offence to God or injury to man.' Mr. 
Salter's letters are worthy of republication." 



342 WELSH POOL. 

2. Capfc. RICHARD SALTER of the Candy, born 20fch January 

1760; married Mary, daughter of ... Harward of 
Deny, Ireland. She died at the Candy, 22nd November 
1856, aged 82, and he died at Brynallt, Ellesmere, 26th 
July 1849, aged 89. 

i. Catherine Salter, born in Derry, 12th January 1797, and 
died a spinster, and buried at Hastings. 

ii. Jackson Salter, born in Londonderry, 12th June 1799 ; 
married, at Oswestry, Ann Edwards. She died at 
Oswestry, 19th December 1885, aged 85, and he died at 
Oswestry, 26th May 1886, having had two children 

1. William Harward Salter, born 1st February 1841, and 

died 16th March 1858, a bachelor. 

2. KYFFIN GEORGE SALTER of Brynallt, Ellesmere, 
Salop, Solicitor, born 1st August 1842 ; living 1890. 

iii. George Salter, born at New Abbey Barracks, Kilcullen, 

28th June 1800, and died 16th June 1875 without 

issue, 
iv. Margaret Salter, born at Kilkenny, 7th April 1803, and 

died 9th January 1876, a spinster. 
v. John Salter, born 16th October 1804, and died 19th 

February 1806. 
vi. Maria Salter, born 28th June 1807, and died 2nd 

January 1876, a spinster, 
vii. John Salter, born 21st May 1809, and died 31st May 

1879. 
viii. Anne Salter, born 12th July 1811 ; living unmarried in 

1890. 
ix. Charlotte Salter, born 13th May 1814 ; married, but now 

(1890) a widow. 
x. James Salter, born 22nd May 1816 ; married, and has 

several children. 

3. Thomas Salter of Oswestry, born 12th September 1761 ; 

married Elizabeth, daughter of Kynaston Moody. She 
died 29th November 1852, aged 79, .and he died 17th 
November 1838, aged 77, having had fourteen children 

i. Emma Salter, died a spinster, 
ii. Elizabeth Salter, married ... Bebb, and is dead, 
iii. Charles Salter, died 12th May 1839, and left no issue, 
iv. William Salter, dead, leaving issue. 
v. Maria Salter, married ... Marston, and living in 1890. 
vi. Jane Salter. 
vii. John Salter. 

viii. Thomas Richard Salter, died 28th February 1836, 
aged 21. 



WELSH POOL. 343 

ix. Frederick Salter, died 7th June 1852, aged 21. 

Several died in infancy. 
4. Jackson Salter, of whom hereafter (iv). 

iv. JACKSON SALTER of Oswestry and Ellesmere, 
born 23rd March 1763 ; married, at Penley, on 13th 
February 1794, Martha, daughter of Robert Langford 
of the Grange, near Ellesmere, by his wife Elizabeth, 
daughter of Bichard Davies and sister of Major Robert 
Langford of the Madras Army (died in India). She 
was born and baptized at Ellesmere, 28th November 
1772, and died in 1825, and was buried in Newtown. 
He died 14th September 1840, having had eight 
children 

1. Joseph Salter, born 1794, died 1846. 

2. Martha Salter, died in infancy. 

3. Mary Salter, married Thomas Cliffe of Weston, near 

Oswestry, and died 1839, aged 43, leaving four children. 

4. Sarah Salter, dead, aged 29. 

5. Eliza Salter, born 3rd January, baptized 26th February 

1808; married Richard Lloyd of Newtown, and has 
three children. 

6. Henry, married J. Morris, and has three children. 

7. Samuel Salter (v), of whom hereafter. 

8. Thomas, died in infancy. 

v. SAMUEL SALTER of Welshpool, born 21st May 
1806; Mayor of Welshpool, 1883, J.P. for that borough ; 
married, 24th May 1842, Mary Ann, daughter of 
Thomas Griffiths ; living 1890. His wife died 29th 
December 1879, and was buried at Welshpool. He 
has had six children 

1. Sarah Salter, died August 1851, an infant. 

2. Catherine Martha Salter, married, 18th September 1866, 

Frank Roper of Welshpool, Accountant, and has three 
children 

i. Catherine Annie, 
ii. Lucy Marion, 
iii. Frank Salter Roper, born 10th January 1880. 

3. Samuel Salter of Welshpool, printer, born 12th June 

1847; married, at Shrewsbury, 13th April 1875, Mary 
Jane, daughter of Edward Owen of Berriew. 



344 WELSH POOL. 

4. Mary Ann Eliza Salter ; living 1890. 

5. George Jackson Salter of Welshpool, born 15th April 

1853. 

6. Thomas Langford Salter of Bristol, born 19th July 1858 ; 

married, 22nd January 1890, Margaretta Frances Isa- 
bella, daughter of the late Capt. Lawford, of Madras 
Army, of Clifton. 

APPENDIX. 

We have been favoured by Mr. S. James A. Salter, F.R.S., 
of the Dorset-Bucks branch of the family of Salters, with the 
following note : 

The SALTERS appear to have been a large family about the time 
of Henry III or earlier, and their home appears to have been 
Oswestry, though there is reason to believe their property extended 
north-east towards, and probably to, Nantwich. The name varied a 
good deal De Selfac, 1 1240; Le Saltere, 1244,1250, 1272, 1305,1314, 
1332, 1341, 1352; Salte, 2 1250, 1272. The earliest deed that is 
known to use the name Salter simply, as now spelt, is dated 7th May 
1393. Saltire is another Oswestry form. This has been retained, 
and there is still a family using it. It is believed that a branch of 
the family went early to Norfolk, about Henry IV, although there 
is no positive proof. However, about 1480-1500 there seems to 
have been a general break-up and dispersion. The head of the 
house went to Dorset and afterwards to Bucks ; others to Essex, 
Suffolk, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, Bucks, London, and many 
dispersed through Salop. They took ample wealth with them, and 
set up country houses, and were occasionally High Sheriffs of counties 
(Salop, Suffolk, Bucks, twice). The head of the house continued in 
Bucks till 1812. He (Christopher Salter) was High Sheriff in 1810. 
In 1812 he married, went to Paris, and died without children. As 
to pedigrees, there are very many in the Heraldic Visitations: 
these are mostly in the Harleian MSS. in the British Museum, the 
College of Arms, Queen's College, Oxford, the Ashmolean Museum, 
Oxford, and Caius College, Cambridge. They are all the original 
MSS. or duplicates. In Lipscombe's History of Bucks there is a fair 
but imperfect account of the Bucks Salters. The Salters' pedigrees 
in Gyle's History of Wraysbury are a tissue of blunders. There 
were many Salters left in Oswestry, Newport, and Shrewsbury. In 
the latter town, in the graveyard of Old St. Chad's, they lie buried in 
large numbers. 

1 " John De Selfac" = John of the Saltworks. 

2 " Salte" must be, in a sense, adjectival, thus "Thomas Salte" = 
Salty Thomas. I have met with "John de le Sel", but I have lost 
the reference. 



WELSH POOL. 345 

Some of the Salters attained eminence. Of them may be men- 
tioned the following : 

SIR THOMAS SALTER (of the Suffolk branch) was Gentleman of the 
Privy Chamber to Henry VIII. He appears to have been a favourite 
of the King, from whom he received several gifts of Church properties, 
as recorded in the Henry VIII State Papers Domestic. He 
accompanied the King to France, 1513, and was present at the 
Battle of the Spurs. His only daughter, Katherine, married Sir 
Thomas Hanmer of Hanmer, and took much wealth to the Hanmers. 

JOHN SALTER (of Newport, Salop, from Oswestry) was Chief 
Justice of North Wales, and Steward of Newport. He was High 
Sheriff of Salop, 1521. 

Sir NICHOLAS SALTER (of the Dorset-Bucks branch) was a merchant 
prince of vast wealth. He was one of the founders of the East 
India Company. During the greater part of the reign of James I 
he was constantly transacting pecuniary business with the King, as 
recorded in the State Papers of that reign. His only child, Anne, 
married Sir Henry Bowyer, Knt., whose eldest son, William, after 
protecting the fugitive Charles II, was created a baronet at the 
Restoration. 

Sir EDWARD SALTER (of the Dorset- Bucks branch) was, when a boy, 
Page to Queen Elizabeth. He became a Barrister of Gray's Inn, and 
was made a Chancery Judge. He was Knight Carver to King 
James I. 

Sir WILLIAM SALTER (of the Dorset-Bucks branch) was a Barrister 
of Gray's Inn. He was Knight Carver to King Charles I. 

Sir JOHN SALTER (of the Essex branch) was a rich London merchant, 
and for many years a Director of the East India Company. He was 
Alderman of Cornhill, Master of the Merchant Taylors' Company, 
1730-1, and Lord Mayor of London, 1739-40. 

There is little doubt, although proof is wanting, that the family of 
Salter settled at Welsh pool and Ellesmere are descendants of one of 
the branches that remained in the Marches of Wales after the 
general dispersion of the family, dr. 1500. 

The Salters were greatly addicted to Armorials. The arms have 
been differenced for separate branches by authority seven times, and 
twice without any discoverable heraldic licence. 

Thomas Salter of Oswestry, about 1393, bore a red escutcheon 
charged with ten golden billets. This was the family coat, which 
was afterwards differenced for branches as follows : 

John Salter of Newport, Salop, about 1426, bore the family coat 
differenced by a blue border charged with eight bezants, golden discs. 

Jtichard Salter, a younger son of Thomas Salter of Oswestry, bore 
the family coat with a golden label of three pendants across the 
escutcheon. About 1434. 

Sir Thomas Salter, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Henry 
VIII, bore the family coat within a white border charged with eight 
torteaux and eight harts (red and blue discs), alternate ; and across 
VOL. XXIV. A A 



346 WELSH POOL. 

the escutcheon a white label of three pendants. Granted May 2, 
1513. 

George Sailer of Dorset and Bucks, about 1550, bore the family 
coat within a white border charged with eight harts. 

Salter of cos. Northampton and Warwick bore the same as Sir 
Thomas Salter, but without the label. About 1560. 

Sir Nicholas Salter of Dorset and Middlesex bore the family coat 
with white instead of golden billets, within a plain white border. 
1617. 

Sir William Salter of Bucks bore the family coat with the 
escutcheon crossed at the top by a white label of five pendants. 
1628. 



Crests borne by Salter and Salter Branches of and from Oswestry, 

Salop. 

Salter, Head of the House and Suffolk branch. A pheasant's 
head and neck couped gules ; on the neck ten billets or, 1, 2, 3, and 
4. A.D. 1393 and 1513. 

Newport, Salop, and Essex branch. A cock's head and neck 
couped azure; combed, wattled, and beaked gules; charged on the 
neck with four billets or, 1, 2, and 1. A.D. 1426. 

Dorset-Bucks branch. An eagle's head and neck couped gules, 
billeted or. A.D. 1550. 

Northampton and Warwickshire branch. A cock's head and neck 
couped gules; combed, wattled, beaked, and billeted or. A.D. 1560. 

Sir Nicholas Salter. A cock's head and neck couped gules ; combed, 
wattled, and beaked or ; on the neck three billets argent, 1 and 2. 
A.D. 1617. 

The crest on the book-plate of Richard Salter of Flint, Merchant, 
was a stork's head and neck couped proper, but the authority for it 
does not appear. 

The SA.LTERS were the manufacturers of salt from the brine-springs 
of North Shropshire and South Cheshire. In medieeval times it was 
a vast industry, as no salt was dug out of the earth till 1670. Not 
only was the salt manufactured by evaporating the brine, but a 
great deal of salting provisions was conducted on the spot. The 
Salters made their wealth, which was considerable, from this busi- 
ness. 



WKLSH POOL. 347 



DAV1ES OF HENGWM AND THE MOORS. 

I. EDWARD DAVIES of Hengwm, in the parish ot 
Castle Caereinion ; married. . . ., and died in 1773, 
leaving one son and two daughters 

1. Thomas Davies (ii), of whom hereafter. 

2. Catherine ; married Richard Davies, and left children. 

3. Sarah; married David Lloyd, and left children. 

ii. THOMAS DAVIES of Hengwm, and afterwards of 
the Moors ; married Elizabeth, daughter of Oliver 
Davies of Llanerfyl, and died about 1807, having had 
five children 

1. Alexander Davies, died under 21. 

2. Thomas Davies of the Moors, born 9th December 1787; 

Bailiff of Pool, 1819-20, 1826-27, and 1833-4 ; Mayor of 
Welshpool, 1841; died 29th June 1852, unmarried (M.I., 
Castle Caereinion). 

3. Edward Davies, of whom hereafter (in). 

4. Sarah Davies; married Edward Bryan of the Wern, Pool 

Quay, who died at Llwynderw, 3rd March 1858, and 
she died subsequently at Bank Buildings, Welshpool, 
leaving three daughters 

i. Jane Bryan ; married, 20th June 1852, Cornelius Pugh, 
Oak Villa, Leighton (who died 18th January 1887), and 
she died on the 15th December 1882, leaving two 
daughters 



2! srEHzabehpuh Now of Oak Villa > Leighton. 



ii. Elizabeth Bryan. 

iii. Sarah Bryan ; married Richard Goolden of Guilsfield, 
and died 6th April 1882, without issue. 

S.Elizabeth Davies of the Moors, died 12th April 1863, 
aged 81 years, unmarried. 

ill. EDWARD DAVIES of Welshpool, born 18th Oc- 
tober 1790; married, August 1814, Anne, daughter 
of Thomas Pugh, Leighton (see Pugh pedigree, Mont. 
Coll, vol. xix, p. 333). She died 30th March 1851, 

A A 2 



348 WELSH POOL. 

and he died 12th July 1860, having had thirteen 
children 

1. Elizabeth Davies ; married Edward Humphreys, Organist, 

of Welshpool ; born 1814; living in 1890. She has 
had three children 

i. Edward Humphreys, died at Kentish Town, 1888, un- 
married. 

ii. Joseph Humphreys ; married at Kentish Town, and 
died leaving two children. 

iii. Laura Humphreys ; married Lardner John Tipler, and 
has two children ; living in 1890. 

2. Alexander Davies, of whom hereafter (iv). 

3. Edward Thomas Davies, born 21st November 1817, and 

died in London, 22nd January 1869, unmarried. 

4. Ann Davies; living, unmarried, 1890. 

o.Mary Davies; married John Davies of Liverpool, and 
died, and left three children 

i. Ruth Davies, deceased, 
ii. John Davies. 
iii. Alexander Davies. 

6. Thomas Davies, of 121 Holborn, London, born 8th 

January 1824 ; married Anne Martha, only daughter of 
Edward Parry of London, by his wife Martha, daughter 
of John Whiting (see Parry pedigree, Mont. Coll., vol. 
xix, p. 226), and has eight children 

i. Edward Parry Davies of London, born 31st July 1858 ; 

married, 31st July 1879, Amelia, daughter of John 

Wood of London, 
ii. Thomas Alexander Davies, born 3rd March 1863; 

married, on 25th September 1883, Florence, daughter 

of George Mann of London, and has one son 

1. Gulliver Thomas George Davies, born 31st October 

1884. 

iii. Gilbert Pugh Davies, born 18th April 1864. 
iv. William Edgar Pugh Davies, born 25th May 1865. 
v. Joseph Pugh Davies, born 25th February 1808. 
vi. Lucy Anne Davies. 
vii. Mary Elizabeth Davies. 
viii. Florence Edith Davies. 

7. Evan Pugh Davies, born December 1825; went to New 

York, and died on 16th July 1865, leaving two child- 
ren. 



WELSH POOL. 349 

8. Joseph Davies, born 7th February 1828, and died 27th 

February 1874, unmarried. 

9. Sarah Rachel Davies, died an infant. 

10. John Davies ; 11. James Davies, twins, born 27th Febru- 
ary 1831. John Davies died in America, unmarried, 
and James Davies died in London, unmarried, 14th 
August 1865. 

12. Jane Davies ; mai-ried John Tomley, and is now a widow ; 

living in Park Street, Liverpool, 1890. 

13. Cornelius Davies, born 13th January 1834, and died 

unmarried. 

iv. ALEXANDER DAVIES of Glyndwr, Welshpool, 
born 16th October 1816; married twice: 1st, 14th 
May 1858, Mary, daughter of Robert Abbotson of 
Appleby, Yorkshire, who died 2nd August 1872, 
without issue ; 2ndly, on 22nd May 1875, Anne Mary, 
daughter of Charles Moiser of London, by his wife 
Ann, daughter of William Parry of Tyn-y-llwyn (see 
Parry pedigree, Mont. Coll., vol. xix, p. 214); both 
living 1890. 



JONES OF BLUE BELL AND WE3TWOOD. 

i. JOHN JONES of Worthen, in county of Salop, by 
Mary his wife had four sons, two of whom settled in 
Welshpool 

1. Thomas Jones, of whom hereafter (n). 

2. William Jones of Welshpool, born 1761, owner of "Bull 

Inn", land lying between the Blue Bell and Gungrog 
Lane, Nos. 7 and 8, Broad Street, and other property 
in Welshpool; died, unmarried, 1839. 

IT. THOMAS JONES, born 1758, owner of the Blue 
Bell and other property in Welshpool. He died 30th 
October 1821, and his wife Elizabeth died 12th July 
1830, aged 75 years. They left issue 

1. Thomas Jones, died 1819, and buried at Meifod, leaving 
issue. 



350 WELSH POOL. 

2. Elizabeth, born 18th November 1784, died 26th Septem- 

ber 1877. She married Richard, son of Maurice Powell 
of Montgomery, who was born 13th December 1783, and 
died 16th February 1821. (Maurice Powell died about 
1820.) All their children died in childhood, except 

Maurice Thomas Powell, born 8th September 1808; died 
2nd August 1837. He married Sarah, daughter of 
William Dax, and left issue 

1. Richard Powell, 8, Broad Street, Welshpool (above- 

mentioned property inherited from William Jones), born 
6th June 1835 ; married, on 27th September 1883, to 
Elizabeth, daughter of Lewis Evans, Montgomery. No 
issue. 

2. Eliza, born 17th June 1837 ; died 2nd February 1866. 

3. Susannah Jones, who died 21st March 1845, aged 58 

years, unmarried. 

4. John Jones of Welshpool, born 13th August 1790; 

married Elizabeth, daughter of John Morris (who died 
15th September 1840, aged 45 years). He died 26th 
September 1836, and left issue 

i. William, born 28th January 1821 ; died 13th November 
1864. 

ii. Elizabeth, born 29th December 1823; died llth July 
1851. 

iii. Mary Anne, born 18th July 1825; died 19th October 
1825. 

iv. Susannah Harriet Jones, of 6 Ed ward es Square, Kensing- 
ton ; living 1890. 

v. Mary Anne Jones, born 4th March 1831 ; died 9th July 
1867. 

vi. John Jones of Blue Bell, born 1st September "\833. 
Entered Royal Navy as Master's Assistant, 21st Janu- 
ary 1847; served as Master's Assistant on H.M.Ss. 
Ocean, Seringapatam, Nimrod, Geyser, Sisguard, Firefly 
(Acting 2nd Master) ; appointed to ffecla as 2nd Master, 
7th February 1854 (for special service, making surveys 
before the advance of the British fleet to the Baltic), 
afterwards to the JSuryaius and Royal George. Re- 
ceived Baltic medal. Served as 2nd Master on the 
Nankin, Mindtn, Coromandel, and Calcutta, engaged 
(1855-7) in operations in the Canton river. Received 
China medal and bar for the battle of Tatshan. Ap- 
pointed Master and Pilot to H.M. sloop The Hope, 10th 
August 1857, and served on the Jmaum, Arac.hne, 7m- 
pretjnHlilr, Gtyser, Cumberland, and S<:ylla ; Navigating 



WELSH POOL. 351 

Lieutenant (7th August 1867) on the Formidable and 
Royal Oak. Retired from service 1868, and afterwards 
promoted to rank of Staff' Commander and Captain. 
Was J.P. for the borough of Welshpool, and F.R.G.S. 
Died 1st December 1883, unmarried. 

5. Edward Jones (in), of whom hereafter. 

6. Richard Jones, died 1870 ; buried at Llangollen ; sole 

survivor of his children 

William Withers Jones of Clifton, Bristol, who has a son 
and two daughters living. 



in. EDWARD JONES of Welshpool, and afterwards of 
Buttington, born 29th August 1796; married Mary 
Ann, daughter of Samuel Stead of Ludlow, and died 
1st November 1855 at Buttington, and left issue 

1. Elizabeth, wife of John Brydon Watson of Southport. 

2. Thomas Henry Jones, born 5th September 1827. Manager 

of North and South Wales Bank, Wrexham. Married 
Emily Bright, and has issue living two sons and five 
daughters. 

3. Edward Maurice Jones, of whom hereafter (iv). 

iv. EDWAUD MAURICE JOKES of Westwood, Welsh- 
pool, born 19th October 1829. Admitted a solici- 
tor June 1859 ; Coroner for the Welshpool District 
of Montgomeryshire; Mayor of Welshpool, 1874-5, 
1875-6; Alderman from 9th November 1877 to 9th 
November 1889 ; married Anne Maria, eldest daughter 
of William Bickerton of Buttington Hall, and has had 
issue 

I.Edward Maurice Bickerton Jones, born 31st October 
1861. 

2. William Henry Bickerton Jones, born 5th September 

1863. 

3. George Frederick Jones, born 7th August 1865. 

4. John Matthew Herbert Jones, born 6th August 1867 ; 

died 28th February 1870. 

5. Stanley Pryce Jones, born 25th August 1869. 

6. Clement Thomas Jones, born 17th .Tune 1871. 

7. Anne Maria Jone^, born 17th July 1873. 



WKLSH POOL. 



OWEN OF WELSHPOOL. 

I. ROBERT OWEN/ tea merchant, of Ifcood Lane, 
London, born 1716; married, 1768, Hester Ryder, 
niece of Dudley Ryder of London, and died at Welsh- 
pool, 1790, having had two children 

1. Pryce Ovveu (n), of whom hereafter. 

2. A daughter, who died young. 

IT. PRYCE OWEN of Wekhpool, born 1773 ; married, 
in 1793, Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. John Williams, 
perpetual Curate of Ratlinghope, Shropshire, by his 
wife Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. David Lloyd, Rector 
of Trevalan arid Vicar of Ystrad, son of David Lloyd 
of Brynyrhawe, descended from the Lloyds of Vairdrew 
Vawr. She died 23rd March 1852, aged 66, and he 
died 2nd August 1857, aged 84 (M. L, Welshpool 
Church), having had fourteen children 

1. Pryce Owen, died 1815, aged 21. 

2. Elizabeth Owen, died young. 

3. Robert Owen, died 1797 (M. L, Welshpool Church). 

4. Robert Owen of Welshpool (in), of whom hereafter. 

5. Hester Owen, born 1800; died 20th December 1866, un- 

married (M. I., Welshpool Church). 

6. Ellen Owen ; married, 1836, John Williams, D.C.L., son 

of Rev. Robert Williams, Vicar of Cowbridge, Glamor- 
ganshire, and died 1881. 

7. Harriet Owen; married, 14th February 1839, Arthur 

James Bowles, M.A., and died 1883, leaving two child- 
ren 

i.VEllen Elizabeth Bowles; married, 1883, Giles Grevile, 
Barrister-at-law, Weston-super-Mare. 

ii. Harriett Maria Bowles ; married, 1883, Charles Augustus 
Langton of Exeter, eldest son of Rev. Augustus 
Langton, late Rector of Plumstead, Norfolk. 

8. Arthur Owen, bookseller in London, died 1852, un- 

married ; buried in Kensal Green Cemetery. 

1 He claimed to be twelfth in descent from the poet Rhydderch 
ap Evan L,lwyd of Gogorddan, co. Cardigan. 



WELSH POOL. 353 

0. Horatio Owen, bookseller in London, born 3rd December 
1805 ; married, and died 31ft January 1873. 

10. Thomas Owen, bookseller in London, born 1807 ; married, 

1832, Charlotte France; and died 3rd January 1854 in 
London ; buried in Welshpool Church, leaving one son 

i. Arthur Ryder Owen, formerly of the Stock Exchange, 
now of Thames, N.Z. 

11. Sarah Owen, died young. 

12. Jane Owen, died 1888. 

13. William Owen, bookseller in London, died 18G2 ; buried 

in Kensal Green Cemetery. 

14. Anna Maria Owen ; married. 1844, John Newton of Cain- 

borne, Cornwall, and died, having had two children 

i. Emily Maria Newton ; married, 1863, Walter Thomas 
Fearis, of the Stock Exchange and Glenwood, Sid- 
cup. He died 31st May 1886, leaving two children 

1. Walter Bourne Fearis, born 18th February 1865. 

2. Gertrude Maria Fearis ; married, 1890, Henry Brown- 

field, Surgeon, Petersfield. 

ii. Ellen Mary Newton ; married, 12th September 1876, 
William John Phillips of Hereford, and has four child- 
ren 

1. Nora Vivian Phillips, born 29th September 1877. 

2. William Newton Phillips, born 15th May 1879. 

3. Arthur Grainger Phillips, born 22nd June 1882. 

4. Grevile Herbert Phillips, born 18th February 1885. 

in. ROBERT OWEN of Welshpool, born 6th February 
1797; Mayor of Welshpool, 1847 and 185 6; married, in 
1828, Mary, daughter of David Jones of Dolanog, 
Welshpool. She died 7th December 1852, aged 56, 
and he died 6th April 1866 (M. I., Welshpool Church), 
leaving two children 

1. David Pryce Owen (iv), of whom hereafter. 

2. Elizabeth, born llth July 1831, and died 30th September 

1875 (M. I., Welshpool Church). 

iv. DAVID PRYCE OWEN of Welshpool, born 8th De- 
cember 1835 ; Mayor of Welshpool, 1872-3 (the Town 
Hall was rebuilt during his term of office") ; J.P. for 
borough, 1874; married, 19th March 1861, Mary Ann, 
daughter of Thomas Newill, formerly chief agent to 



354 WELSH POOL. 

the Earl of Powis, and now of the Manor House, Pool 
Quay, and has two children 

1. Robert Thomas Owen, born 10th March 1865. 

2. Mary Newill Owen. 



(To be continued.) 



355 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

BY E. ROWLEY-MORRIS. 



(Continued from Vol. xxiii, p. 370.) 



ON the marriage of Ralph de Mortimer, father of 
Roger de Mortimer above, with Gwladys, only 
daughter of Llewelyn ap lorwerth, the latter is 
said to have bestowed Kerry and Kedeweii upon her 
as her dower ; indeed, there is a document in Liber 
Niger de Wigmore (Harl. MS., No. 1240) which is 
a chartulary of the possessions of the Mortimers, 
written, it is conjectured, about the year 1380, which 
purports to be a transcript of the instrument which 
passed over those districts to Gwladys. 1 

Whether they were so passed or not, it would appear 
that after the death of Prince David, son of Llewelyn 
ap lorwerth, which event happened in 124(5, Ralph 
de Mortimer having married David's sister Gwladys, 
and Griffith, the other son of Llewelyn ap lorwerth, 
being of illegitimate birth would, in right of his wife, 
have been entitled to the districts of Kerry and 
Kedewen, as the annexed skeleton pedigree will show 
more plainly : 

Llewelyn ap lorwerth, ob. 1 240. =p Joan, sister of Henry III. 



Ralph de Mortimer ,=T=Gwladys. Griffith, Davydd, o/>. 1216, cvelcbs. 



ob. 1246. 



06. 1244. 



I I I I I 

Roger de Morti =p Davydd, Owain. Llewelyn,=p Roderic. 

mer II. ob. 1283. 06. 1282. | 

v v 

Catherine 

1 See Monuslicon, vol. vi, pp. 350-01. 



356 HISTORY OF THE PARISH 0V KERRY. 

On the death of David, son of Llewelyn, in 1246, 
without children, the question of the Welsh succession 
was opened again, and his nephews, Owain and 
Llewelyn, sons of his brother Griffith, were unex- 
pectedly elected Princes of North Wales, to the 
exclusion of Ralph de Mortimer, whose foreign 
extraction made him, naturally, an object of jealousy, 
and especially as by his marriage he had become so 
nearly allied to the English Crown, being, in fact, 
nephew-in-law to Henry III ; but to all English 
notions the rightful heir was Roger de Mortimer 
above, son of Gwladys, Prince David's legitimate 
sister that is, on the assumption sometimes enter- 
tained, that a woman could transmit the title to a 
throne, but not inherit it. 

" By a Welsh precedent, however, of the ninth century, 
when. Essyllt, daughter of Conan Tindaethwy, carried the 
throne to her husband, Merfyn Vrych, there was no reason 
why Gladys Dim and her husband, Ralph de Mortimer, who 
lived some months after Prince David, should not have suc- 
ceeded him. The Welsh nobles, however, set aside altogether 
the claims of Mortimer, and divided the Principality of North 
Wales between Llewelyn and Owen." 1 

But, as we have seen above, the border land was in 
an unsettled state for many years before 1246 ; at 
times in the hands of the Welsh, at other times of the 
English ; indeed, one of the demands made by 
llenry III on Prince David, in July 1241, was that 
he should cause the men of Kerry, whom he had 
seduced or withdrawn from the King's fealty, to 
return thereto. 2 David's submission to this and 
much larger demands are well known. 

A patent, dated 16th May 1248, informs the tenants 
of Montgomery Castle that the King had given to 
Richard de Burgh custody of the castle and of Kedewy 
and Kerry. 3 From the time he had livery of his 

1 Pearson, Hist, of the Early and Middle Ages, vol. ii, p. 316. 

2 Rot. Claus., 25 Hen. Ill, m. 7, dorso. 
:i Kyton, xi, p. 14G. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KEUKY. 357 

ancestral lands in 1247 to the death of Henry III, 
Roger de Mortimer above was associated with the 
King in his military operations, both in England, on 
the borders, and abroad. To recapitulate the services 
he rendered the King would be beyond the scope of 
this compilation ; we must content ourselves with 
referring to a few of the more important, and those 
more especially which relate to the borders. 

He attended the King in his expedition to Gascoigne ; 
and when Llewelyn, Prince of Wales, began again to 
make incursions upon the Marches, he received com- 
mand 1 to assist Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, 
in the defence of those parts between Montgomery and 
the lands of the Earl of Gloucester (Cardiff). He was 
one of those summoned 2 to attend the King on Monday 
next after the Feast of St. John the Baptist (Sept. 2, 
1258), well furnished with horse and arms, to with- 
stand the hostile incursions of the Welsh, who under 
Llewelyn had renewed their vows to defend their 
country to the last extremity against the ambitious 
views of the English. Being in that service, Koger 
de Mortimer had a special discharge 3 of his scutage for 
those twenty-six knights' fees and a sixth part, which 
he held in right of his wife, one of the daughters and 
co-heirs of William de Braose of Brecknock. 

Llewelyn during this year devastated the county of 
Pembroke, and reduced the greatest part of the Prin- 
cipality under his dominion, and the year closed by a 
negotiation, ending in a year's truce, between him and 
Henry III. The following year he proposed to pay 
Henry III sixteen thousand pounds weight of silver 
provided his boon were granted, and his subjects 
secured in the enjoyment of their customs and privi- 
leges, with the right of having their legal disputes 
decided at Chester. Henry III declined the offer, 

1 Close Roll, 41 Hen. IV, in dorso, m. 6. 

2 Close Roll, 42 Hen. IV, in dorso, m. 11. 

3 Hereford Pipe Roll, 42 Hen. III. 



358 HISTOKY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

but agreed to the extension of the tiuce for another 
year. 

Regarding this as a hollow truce upon the part of 
the English, Llewelyn resolved upon fresh enterprises. 

King Henry made Roger de Mortimer Captain- 
General 1 of all the Kino-'s forces in the Marches, all 

O 

the Barons Marchers receiving command to be atten- 
dant on him with their whole strength. The same 
year he was constituted Governor of Hereford Castle, 
but, " notwithstanding all the powers of these Barons 
Marchers, 2 Llewelyn got the better". 3 He (Llewelyn) 
ravaged or seized all Mortimer's territory in South 
Wales. He captured the Castle of Malienydd, put all 
the garrison to the sword, and demolished the castle. 



1 Close Roll, 44 Hen. Ill, m. 17. 

2 In Annales Cambrice, p. 95 (Ap Ithel's edition), the following 
appears : 

" In his vero diebus quidam nobiles viri, scilicet Gain filius Madoc 
et viri de Arustli, villas juxta castel Baldewin per noctem combus- 
serunt et retro per diem cnm praeda magna usque juxta Gwernegof 
pervenientes ibi fortes viri de Castel Baldewin eis occurerunt, et fuit 
inter pugna valida et tandem, Deo adjuvante, Walenses prsevaluerunt 
et Anglicos in fuga verterunt eodem die de Anglicis cxxx viri for- 
tissimi de Castel Baldewin cecidereunt." 

That is : "The men of Arwystli, headed by the noble Gwyn, son of 
Madoc, assaulted the towns near Castle Baldwyn (Montgomery 
Castle) by night, and burnt them, and the next day as, loaded with 
spoil, they had come near Gwernygo in their retreat, they were over- 
taken and attacked by the garrison of the castle, whom, after a 
desperate fight, they defeated with a loss of one hundred and thirty 
of their bravest men." 

The writer has never heard of any local tradition connected with 
this raid on the part of the men of Arwystli, but as at this very 
time Llewelyn was in arms against the English, and Eoger de 
Mortimer had been associated with the Earl of Hereford to guard 
the frontier from Montgomery to Cardiff, it may be that the 
Arwystli men were merely carrying out part of an organised plan to 
harry the men on the frontier. The men of Kerry at this period 
were, as it were, between two fires; their sympathies probably, as will 
appear by a petition of theirs to King Henry, but unfortunately 
without date, at this period would seem to have leant towards the 
English rather than to the Welsh. 

3 Powell's Hist, of Wales, p. 325. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 359 

" Sir Roger, then engaged elsewhere, hastened to the spot, 
attended only by a few followers, and, with a romantic bravery, 
planted himself in the ruins, determining to defend them to 
the last extremity. The place was, however, soon so vigor- 
ously besieged by the Welsh that no hope remained to the 
besieged. Under these circumstances Sir Roger requested 
permission to evacuate his position, which the Welsh Prince 
immediately granted, in consideration of the courage evinced 
by his adversary, and of his inability to make any further 
resistance, being unwilling, say his historians, to triumph over 
a defenceless enemy." 1 

In Royal Letters, vol. ii, p. 154, there is a letter from 
Rhys ap Griffin to Llewelyn, Prince of Wales, in which 
the former states : " I have kept the truce, but the 
bailiffs of Roger Mortimer have seized our merchants." 
There is no date on this letter, but conjectured to 
have been written in the spring of 1260. It indicates 
that along the borders matters were in an unsettled 
state. 

The same year Roger de Mortimer, associated with 
James de Aldithley, 2 was sent to the Lord of Mont- 
gomery to meet Prince Llewelyn's commissioners, to 
treat concerning a peace between King Henry and 
him. 3 

In the insurrection of Simon de Montfort, Earl of 
Leicester, Roger de Mortimer joined the King, and 
" made great waste and spoil upon the demesne lands 
of Montfort, in Wales''. He, openly co-operating with 
Llewelyn, incited the latter to do the like upon Morti- 
mer's lands, which he did, and in addition took Radnor 
Castle, and burnt it to the ground ; the Castle of 
Cefnllys, and another stronghold of Mortimer's, Lle- 
welyn also captured, and demolished both. 4 

1 Cambrian Plutarch, p. 186. 

2 In 1260 the castles of Salop and Bruges were committed to the 
charge of James de Aldithle, and he was Sheriff of Shropshire for 
part of the year 1261. 

3 Close Roll, 45 Hen. IIT, m. 23. 

4 In Annales Cambrire, under the year MCCLX, the following 
occurs (p. 98, Ah Ithel's edition) : 



360 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

In 1263 the disputes which had so long disturbed 
the peace of the realm, and which was agreed by the 
King and the Barons should be referred to the arbitra- 
tion of King Louis of France ; among the friends of 
Henry III, who undertook that he should abide by 
Louis's decision, was Roger de Mortimer. 1 The award 
of Louis was against the barons, and the war was 
renewed. Roger de Mortimer was chief in the battle 
of Northampton, where the Barons were defeated ; he 

"also took part in the battle of Lewes. He perceiving the 
day was lost, fled to Wales, and he and others fell upon 
Llewelyn, hoping to turn the scale by defeating him. Encour- 
aged by his success at Lewes (having taken the King and 
Prince Edward prisoners), Montfort advanced with a powerful 
army into the Marches, and wasted the houses and lands of 
Roger de Mortimer." 

There is a story told in Dugdale that 

" Mortimer, seeing his sovereign in this great distress, and 
nothing but ruin and misery attending himself and all others 
the King's loyal subjects, he took no rest till he had contrived 
some way for their deliverance, and to that end sent a swift 
horse to the Prince, then prisoner with the King in the castle 
at Hereford, with intimation that he should obtain leave to 
ride out for recreation into a place called Wildmersh, and that 
upon sight of a person mounted on a white horse at the foot 

" Annus MCCLX In die Sancti Gcorgii Martyris combusta est villa 
de Trefethland a dominis de Keri et de Kedevvic." 

That is: " Tn the year 1260, on the day of St. George the Martyr, 
the town of Trefethland was burnt by the Lords of Keri and 
Kedewic." 

The writer is unable to offer any suggestion as to what incident 
the above refers to. There is a township in the parish of Kerry 
Tre'llanbui it is scarcely probable that the Lords of Kerry and 
Kedeweu would burn down a vill of their own people. 

The entry in the Annales may have no reference to Kerry, for 
Woodward, in his History of Wales, in referring to the circumstance, 
has it as " Keri and Kidwelly"', yet, as Ab Ithel had three different 
MSS. to collate when he edited the Annales, and as Kedewic appears 
in the three, the presumption is that the incident, whatever it relates 
to, was enacted by the Lords of Kerry and Kedewen but where, is 
unknown. 

1 Eyton, vol. i, p. 283. 



HISTORY OP THE PARISH OF KKRRY. 

ofTullington Hill, and waving his bonnet (which was the Lord 
of Croft, as it is said), he should hast towards him with all pos- 
sible speed; which being accordingly done (though all the coun- 
try thereabouts were thither to prevent his escape), setting spurs 
to that horse he overwent them all. Moreover, that being come 
to the park of Tulinton, this Roger met him with 500 armed 
men, and, seeing many to pursue, chased them back to the 
gates of Hereford, making great slaughter amongst them." 

Dugdale (Baronage, vol. i, p. 142) also relates a 
variant of this story, quoting H. Knighton, to the 
effect that 

" Roger de Mortimer sent the Prince a swift horse for the 
purpose before mentioned, and that the Prince, obtaining 
leave of Montfort to try if the horse were of use for the great 
saddle, first wearied out other horses and then got on this (a 
boy with two swords whom Roger had sent being near with 
another horse), and so turning himself to Robert de Ros, then 
his keeper, and other bystanders, said, ' I have been in your 
custody for a time, but I now bid you farewell' ; and so rode 
away, adding, that this Roger received him at a little hill 
called Dunnor, and so conveyed him safely to his castle at 
Wigmore." 

Having brought the Prince safely to Wigmore, 
Roger de Mortimer was the chief person that coun- 
tenanced the raising an army (composed mainly of the 
Welsh), by which, upon the 4th of August 1265, a 
victory was obtained against Montfort 1 and the rest of 
the Barons near Evesham in Worcestershire ; after 
which the King regained his liberty. 

Roger de Mortimer commanded a division in this 
battle. Upon the suppression of Montfort's rebellion, 
Henry III turned his attention again towards Llew- 
elyn, with the desire of punishing the latter for the 
assistance he gave Montfort. He set about preparing 

1 Between the battle of Lewes and that of Evesham, Montfort laid 
the fcmndation of what is now the most powerful body in the kingdom 
the House of Commons. Using the King's name in the writs, he 
called two knights from every county to represent the " country 
gentlemen"; also two citizens from every city, and two burgesses from 
every borough, to represent "the professional men, merchants, shop- 
keepers, and tradespeople" generally. 

VOL. XXIV. B B 



362 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

for another invasion of Wales. By the mediation of 
the Pope's legate this was averted, and a treaty 
between Henry and Llewelyn was negotiated by 
Ottobone, the said legate, and ratified by both parties 
at Montgomery, in September 1267. By this treaty 
Henry conceded to Llewelyn the lands of Kedewen 
and Kerry (Rymer, i, p. 474). 

Woodward, 1 in his History of Wales, mentions that 

" Just before Easter (1264), which would be about the 
middle of April, John L'Estrange the younger, Constable of 
Montgomery Castle, with a number of fierce retainers, marched 
by night through Kerry to Kedewen, with what intent save 
plunder we do not discern. The Welsh, however, assembled 
in great multitudes, and fell upon them suddenly. Two hun- 
dred of them they slew outright, but the rest, a miserable 
remnant, with their leader escaped." 

Woodward is probably mistaken in the date ; for 
there is a letter dated in 1265, written by Simon de 
Montfort, Earl of Leicester, who was at this time de 
facto King of England, for the purpose of installing 
L'Estrange in this office of Constable of Montgomery ; 
it is therefore probable the raid took place in the latter 
year. 

Eyton, the Shropshire historian, notices the matter, 
and in vol. x, p. 273, remarks : 

' ' If the story be true which is related in the Welsh Chronicle, 
it would seem that John Le Strange the younger actually 
became Constable of Montgomery at this epoch, but had small 
joy of his position. In a midnight march through Keri he 
was attacked by the Welsh, and 2UO of his men slain. This 
story must be collated with the fact that the Welsh wei-e 
leagued with Montfort and his partisans. It is singular that 
they should thus attack their own ally ; but the date of the 
event is not well marked in the Chronicle, and it may have 
arisen in some complications of which the Rolls do not 
inform us." 

Eyton assumed that the men of Kerry were in alli- 
ance with Montfort ; the probability is they were not ; 

1 P. 460. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 363 

for it must have been about this period that the fol- 
lowing petition was presented to Henry III by the 
men of Kerry. It is printed in Royal Letters, vol. ii, 
p. 353 ; it is not dated, but, as Henry conceded Kerry 
and Kedewen to Llewelyn in 1267, the men of Kerry 
would scarcely petition after that solemn compact was 
made. 

"THE MEN OF KERRY IN SOUTH WALES TO HENRY III. 
(Royal Letters, No. 92.) 

" Henrico Dei gratia illustri regi Angliae domino Hibernise etc. sui 
fideles et devoti tarn majores quam minores de Kery, salutem et subjecti- 
oriem omnimodain in omnibus. 

" Vestram rogamus regiam dignitatem quatenus Divinse pietatis 1 et pro 
salutae animse et antecessorum vestorum animabus, leges terrarum vestrarum 
ubique per Walliam et per Marchiam nobia concedere velitis : et hoc est 
quod innocens non puniatur pro nocente, nee etiam imputetur parentelse 
alicujus, si aliquis de parentela, interfecerit aliquem, vel furtum, vel ali- 
quam seditionem 2 nisi ipsi malefactori. Item vos rogamus quatenus, de 
judiciis semel in curia vestra et nostra adjudicatis, ne ballivi vestri iterum 
ipsa Judicia prsesumant Judicare, quoniam vos estis dominus noster semper 
licet ballivi removeantur. 

" In oujus rei testiraonium majores et meliores homines vestri de Kery, 
huic parvo scripta sigilla sua apposuerunt. 
" Haec sunt nomina 

Eynonus de Gregh. Kadugon Goch. 

Mareduth tilius Howel. Grifit ap Goreneu. 

Radulphus filius Mereduth. Jarvert Vychan. 
Eynonus filius Howeli. 

et omnes alii totius terras idem clamant." 

An English writer 3 notices the above petition, and 
says " that the prayer of the men of Kerry that Wales 
and the Marches might be included in the English Pale 
shows that there were men who did not value the pos- 
session of a barbarous independence". 

If the writer's assumption as to the probable date of 
the presentation of the above petition be tenable, it 
would remove the difficulty felt by Eyton, for if John 
Le Strange, the Constable, went through Kerry as a 
supporter of Montfort, intending to harry the people, 
he must have known they were supporters of the King 

1 Supply " intuitu" (?). 2 Supply " fecerit" (?). 

3 Pearson, Hist, of England during the Middle and Early Ages, 
vol. ii, p. 317. 

B B 2 



364 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

against the Barons, and underestimating their courage 
and devotion to a cause they had espoused led to his 
disastrous defeat. 

In Brut y Tywysogion (Rolls edition, p. 349) there 
is reference to this raid of John L'Estrange's. It 
says : 

" 1 263. The ensuing year, a little before Easter, John 
Strange the younger, who was then bailiff of Castle Baldwyn 
(Montgomery), made a night attack with a vast force upon 
Ceri and Cydewain, and after collecting immense spoil he 
returned back, down by way of Cydewain to the Tanad. And 
when the Welsh got information of this, they pursued them, 
and slew on that day of the English upwards of twelve 
hundred, including those on the field and in the barn of Aber- 
Miwl (Abermule). And immediately after that, John Strange 
burned the barn on account of that slaughter, and a little after- 
wards he killed the Welsh near Colunwy" (Clun). 

The compiler of the above evidently knew nothing 
about the geography of the district, unless " Tanad" 
is an error for " Severn", and "1,200" might be an 

* ' O 

error for " 200", mentioned in the preceding account. 
It is possible that Le Strange crossed the Vastrey, and 
proceeded down the Severn Valley on his homeward 
march, and was not overtaken till he reached Abermule, 
where the conflict took place. 

Between 1267 and 1274 Llewelyn no doubt asserted 
an absolute supremacy over Kerry and Kedewen. 1 It 
was in the latter year, according to Eyton, 2 that the 
Jurors of Chirbury Hundred reported, among other 
things, " that Llewelyn, Prince of Wales, occupied and 
held the whole country of Kedewen and Kerry, which 
belong, said they, to the Honour of Montgomery, 
whereby the King suffers a loss of 200 a year." 

The men of Montgomery had, in the time of King 
Henry III, and in his father's time, and in the time of 
the ancient Welsh Lords of Kedewen and Kerry, for 
a period " beyond which the memory of man runneth 
not", enjoyed certain rights and privileges over those 

1 Eyton, xi, p. 175. 2 Ibid., xi, p. 144. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 365 

two lordships, which one of the Mortimers at a later 
period endeavoured to wrest from them, but failed. 
As we shall set out the case at some length in its 
proper place, we mention the circumstance here for the 
purpose of suggesting that probably it was these pri- 
vileges, combined with the chief rents and services, 
which the Jurors of Chirbury referred to, as the latter 
two items could scarcely have amounted to such a 
large sum as 200 a year at that period. 

The statement of the Chirbury Jurors that Kedewen 
and Kerry belonged to the Honour of Montgomery 
could scarcely be accurate, for, as we have shown above 
in various places, Kerry was in the hands of the old 
Welsh Lords at this period, and there is no doubt that 
Owen, son of Meredydd ap Rotpert, fined with the 
English King in 1248 for the lordship of Kedewen. 1 

There is also on Close Roll, 35 Hen. Ill (1250-51), 
m. 13, an entry appointing John Le Strange and Win. 
Odingsells to go to Kerry and Kedewen to settle as to 
a passage between the woods of Owen, son of Meredydd 
(ap Rotpert), who had, as previously mentioned, fined 
for his father's lands, and Owen, son of Howell, one of 
the Welsh Lords of Kerry, whose fine of fifty meres 
was accepted by the King, and who directed that seisin 
of a moiety of Kerry should be given to him on July 
30th, 1248. 2 Doubtless there was some question of 
boundary of the respective estates involved. The 
document is also interesting as it indicates that the 
lands of Owen son of Howell lay on that side of 
Kerry, adjacent to Llandyssil, Llamyrewig, and New- 
town, or some of these parishes. 

Edward I was engaged in the Holy Wars at the 
time of his father's death (16th Nov. 1272). Shortly 
after his return home he sent Llewelyn a summons to 
do homage at his approaching coronation. Llewelyn 
thought proper to disobey this mandate, and, notwith- 
standing that during the two following years several 

1 Roberts, Excerpta e Rotulis, vol. i, p. 10. 

2 Mont. Coll., vol. xxiii, p. 117. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

other mandates to a similar effect were sent to him, 
Llewelyn refused, unless some English nobles of dis- 
tinction were delivered as hostages for his safety. 1 

Llewelyn had undertaken by his treaty with Henry 
to do homage for the Principality on condition that the 
Welsh lords should remain feudatories to himself alone. 
This condition was observed as long as Henry lived, 
but Welsh writers say that King Edward I first 
violated the treaty by seizing some of the Welsh 
baronies, and by countenancing some of Llewelyn's 
subjects who had revolted against him, notably David, 
Llewelyn's brother, and Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn, 
Prince of Powys. The Shropshire historian refers to 
the league between these two, and mentions that 
Prince David promised that Owen, son of Gruffydd, 
should have his (David's) eldest daughter to wife, and 
with her the lands of Kerry and Kedewen (see Rymer, 
i, p. 552). 

Had this compact been carried out it would have 
added immense territories to the already vast posses- 
sions of the Princes of Upper Powys, but it was frustrated 
by the invasion of Wales by Edward I in 1277, when 
he summoned the whole force of the realm to meet at 
Worcester in June of that year. So well was the 
command obeyed that King Edward found himself 
able to divide his forces into three armies ; with the 
first he himself operated along the north, opening a 
safe road through the Cheshire forests, as passing 
he fortified Flint and Rhuddlan Castles. In this 
year he granted the first charter to a Welsh borough, 

1 About this period Llewelyn was apparently exercising his powers 
in the lordship of Kedewen, for in June 1273 he was "warned by the 
Council of State not to build a castle or open a fair at Aberunol 
(Abermule), near Montgomery, for fear the trade of the neighbour- 
hood be impaired" (New Rymer, vol. i, part ii, p. 504). It is probable 
he took no qotice of this, and it wpuld be interesting if it could be 
discovered whether he jntended building a new castle, or 
strengthening Dolfonvyn, which is closely adjacent to Abermule. 
The style and character of the castle of Dolforwyn are usually ascribed 
to the period of Henry III or Edward I. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OK KKRRY. 367 

and that was to Rlmddlan (Charter Roll, anno 6, 
membrane 3). 

Whilst he was operating along the north side of 
the Principality the ships of the Cinque Ports hovered 
along that coast and ravaged Anglesea. The second 
arrny, under the Earl of Lincoln and Roger de Mor- 
timer, besieged and reduced Dolforwyn Castle. 1 The 
third army was led by Payne de Chaworth into 
Cardigan. 2 This invasion was the preliminary to the 
final subjugation of Wales by Edward, and which he 
accomplished in 1282 by the death of Llewelyn, who 
was slain by a retainer of Mortimer's, near Builth, in 
Breconshire. 

Before this tragic event happened King Edward 
assumed, if he did not possess, the right of granting con- 
cessions to different persons and places along the Welsh 
borders and in Wales ; and among the earliest conces- 
sions was that made to Roger de Mortimer, who had 
served both King Henry III and Edward I so faith- 
fully, which carried to him and his heirs male " the 
King's lands in Kiddewy and Kery, with the Castle 
of Dolverayne". 

The following is a transcript of the 

CHARTER OF EDWARD I, 

Which is taken from liarleian MS. 1240, usually called Liber Niger de 
Wigmore, but the same charter is enrolled, on membrane 37, " Charter 
Roll, anno 7, Edward I." In the MS. it is in Norman French ; on the 
lloll, in Latin. 

" The Charter of Edward the First to Roger Mortimer, granting him 
lands in Kedewy and Kery, with the Castle of Doluoryn, to be held by him 
and his heirs by the service of three knights' fees. Given the 6th day of 
January in the vnth year [1278-9]. 

" EDWARD, by the Grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland, and 
Duke of Aquitaine, to his Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors, Earls, 
Barons, Justices, Sheriffs, Governors, Ministers, and all Bailiffs and faithful 
servants, Greeting. KNOW that we, for good and faithful service of our 
beloved and trusty Roger .de Mortimer, have bestowed, granted, aud by 
our present charter confirm, as much as in us lies, to the said Roger our 
lands of Keddewy and Ke ry, with the Castle of Dolverayne, and other appur- 

1 According to Dugdale (i, p. 142) Dolforwyii Castle was built by 
Davydd ap Llewelyn. 

3 Pearson, vol. ii, p. 321. 



368 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

tenances belonging, to have and to hold of us and our heirs by the said 
Koger and his heirs for ever. Doing to us and our heirs for the said lands 
the service of three knights' fees for all services customary and belonging. 
Wherefore we will and declare and command for us. and our heirs, so far as 
in us k That the said Roger and his heirs have and hold of us and our 
heirs the said lands with castle and other appurtenances for ever, doing to 
us and our heirs the service of three knights' fees for all service customary 
and belonging as now exists. 

>( Witnessed by the Venerable R. Bishop of Bath and Wells ; our Chan- 
cellor R. le Bygod; Earl of Norfolk and Earl Marshal of England ; H. 
de Boun, Earl of Hereford and Essex ; Roger de Clifford ; John de Vesey ; 
Robert de Tybetot ; Anthony Bek ; Hugh, son of Otonis ; Robert, son of 
John ; and others. 

" GIVEN by our hands at Windsor the sixth day of January in the seventh 
year of our reign [1279]." 

The following ytar the King granted by charter 
(Charter Roll, anno 8, m. 73) to Roger de Mortimer 
and his heirs the privilege to hold one market in his 
manor of " Thlanveyr in Kedewy", weekly, on Tues- 
day, and two fairs each year ; that is, one fair for three 
days, namely, on the eve, the day, and the morrow of 
St. Botolph the Abbot (June 17th), and the other on 
the eve, day, and morrow of the Translation of St. 
Edward the King (October 13th). 1 

1 Without trenching upon the history of the parish of Newtown, 
which the writer hopes some day to see undertaken, he would men- 
tion that it is more than probable that, as a consequence of the above 
grant to Roger de Mortimer, he took certain steps which converted 
what up to or close to this date (1280) had been a part of the ancient 
parish of Llanllwchaiarn into a separate parish. In a document com- 
piled in 1253 (see Mont. Coll., vol. xxi, pp. 331-38), which has, so 
far as Montgomeryshire is concerned, been edited by Mr. Morris 
Charles Jones, F.S.A., it is shown that at that period Llanllwchaiarn 
had two chapels ; one was Bettivs, the other Llanfair, the same place 
as mentioned in the charter above. In Pope Nicholas's Taxatio, 
1291, the place is still described as Llanfair, but as an independent 
rectory ; in 1321 the place is described as " the new Town in Kede- 
weu" ; in the same document is mentioned the name of the then 
bailiff; inferentially it would have other officers usually appointed in 
boroughs, as it had a Court of Record. It is not difficult to conceive 
the reasons which induced this Roger de Mortimer, or his immediate 
successor, to endeavour to convert what was probably a mere hamlet 
into a town ; for the possession of a charter gave the holder Ihe right 
of taking tolls at fairs and markets ; enterprise in those days, as in 
these, would attract buyers and sellers ; and naturally the place would 
grow iu extent in proportion, so as to accommodate those who frequented 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 369 

Roger de Mortimer appears to have at once taken 
possession of his new territories. Eyton (xi, p. 61) 
mentions that, by a deed dated at London, 18th May 
1281, "the Prior and Canons of Chirbury and Sneth" 
concede to Roger de Mortimer a full participation in 
all the spiritual benefits of their house, and undertake 
to keep an anniversary on the day of his obit (when- 
ever that should happen), and to bestow on the said 
day, towards the pittance of their convent, a sum of 
five shillings issuing out of their mill near Caldemore 
on the Severn, or in default to pay twenty shillings 
towards the fabric of Hereford Cathedral. This was 
in consideration of a right which Mortimer had con- 
ceded the canons, to make and attach a stank in the 
land of Hoydelouclaf. The deed mentions Roger de 
Mortimer's father Ralph, and his mother Gladosa 
(see Harl. 1240, fo. xli). 

This transaction occurred two years after Mortimer 
had a grant of Kerry and Kedewen, the acquisition of 
which made him a neighbour of the Chirbury canons. 

Sir Roger de Mortimer married Maud (or Matilda), 
daughter and coheir of William de Braose of Breck- 
nock, and by her had several children, several of whom 
predeceased their father. Dugdale relates how, upon 
an occasion when he had procured the honour of 
knighthood to be conferred on three of his sons by 
King Edward I, that he, Mortimer, at his own costs, 
procured a tournament to beheld at Kenil worth, where 

it. Mortimer's new town is situated just midway between the towns 
of Pool and Llauidloes. Similar charters had been granted to the 
Princes of Upper Powys for a market and fair for both these places. 
Mortimer's new town had the start in date, and doubtless he and his 
representatives would endeavour to keep it. It is just possible that 
Edward I, in granting the Lordship of Kerry and Cant red of Kedeweu 
to Mortimer, might have been influenced by motives of policy, jnst 
as much as by feelings of gratitude for services rendered; for, by so 
doing, he intercalated, as it \\ere, an English noble upon whose loyalty 
he might implicitly rely, between the territories of the Princes of 
I'pper Powys a strategical move of importance in case of any future 
troubles with the Welsh. 



370 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

he sumptuously entertained a hundred knights and as 
many ladies for three days, the like whereof was never 
before in England, and there began the Round Table 
(so called by reason that the place where they practised 
those feats was environed with a strong wall made in 
a round form), and upon the fourth day the Golden Lion 
in sign of triumph being yielded to him, he carried it 
(with all the company) to Warwick, the fame whereof 
being spread into foreign countries occasioned the 
Queen of Navarre to send him certain wooden bottles 
bound with golden bars and wax, under the pretence 
of wine, which, in truth, were all filled with gold, and 
for many ages after kept in the Abbey of Wigmore, 
whereupon for the love of the Queen he added a car- 
buncle to his arms. 1 

He died on 27th October 1312, at the comparatively 
early age of 52, and was buried in Wigmore Abbey. 
He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son 

EDMUND DE MOHTEMER I, who was born in or before 
1255; a clerk in 1263; had livery November 24th, 1282. 

There is no Inquisitions post mortem relating to the 
possessions of Roger de Mortemer, father of the above 
Edward, at the Record Office. Had there been one 
we might have had some glimpse of the system of 
tenure, the nature of rents, services, etc., by which the 
tenants of Kerry held. By the evidence of Tudor ap 
Madoc, who had been Bailiff of Kerry and Halcetor, 
given before the Commission which sat at Mont- 
gomery, 2 it appears that disputes as regards titles to 
land were settled in Kerry and Kedevven by a verdict 
of twelve jurors ; but he added that the nobility who 
were in possession of the lands in dispute proposed the 
laws of Howel Dda, for the sake of delay, because 
according to that law there were great delays ; that is, 
the ancient Welsh lords of Kerry proposed that plan, 
the men of Kerry, as we have seen 3 by their petition, 
desired to have matters settled on the English plan. 

1 Dugdale, pp. i, 142-3. 

2 Mont. Coll., vol. xxiii, p. 110. 3 Supra, p. 363. 



HISTORY OF THK PARISH OF KERRY. 371 

As with the death of Roger de Mortemer, who 
scarcely lived long enough after his grant of Kerry 
and Kedewen to rearrange the mode upon which lands 
were let, etc., we have arrived at a point when it might 
naturally be expected that efforts would be made to 
assimilate the system in Kerry and Kedewen to the 
general system adopted by the Mortemers in other 
districts along the borders where their possessions lay ; 
and that the succession of Edmund de Mortemer to his 
father's possessions marked a new era, namely, the 
substitution for the customs of the old Welsh lords of 
a semi-Norman rule : we have not hitherto met with a 
document that gave any indication of the total annual 
value to the lord from the lordship of Kerry ; but 
recently the writer did meet with an Inquisition 1 that 
elucidates one or two points, and, as it contains other 
facts of some interest, he appends a free rendering of it 
in English. 

It is a writ issued in the 34th; year of Henry III (1250), directed to 
his faithful William de Odingseles nis Bailiff at Montgomery command- 
ing him that he would, by the oaths of good and honest men, diligently 
inquire what a moiety of the land of Kerry was yearly worth, in receipts 
pertaining to the lord, in rents, escheats, and all other issues arising from 
the land ; and to make, when they had inquired, a return to the King, and 
also to return the writ. 

Witnessed by the King himself at Woodstock, the llth day of June, 
in the 34th year of his reign (1250). 

The Inquisition was made by the following gentlemen : 

Ualdwyn films William Dd. fil. Huel 

Phillip filius Alexander Ad. til. Robert 

William le Sage do Alontegomery Hog. fil. Elye 
Tudur filius Madoc Eynou de Creg 

Cadugan filius Stephen Cadwg[an] fil. Mereduc 

Thomas filius Robert Einoin fil. Hoel 

Owen tilius Cadog[an] de . . . (?) Cadwgan fil. Mereduc de 

Eynouin de . . . (?) Keri 

" who say on their oaths that a moiety of Kerry in receipts pertaining to the 
lord, rents, and escheats is worth eight pounds and one mere yearly." 

It will be noticed that the jurors, either accidentally 
or designedly, omitted to make any return of the value 
of " all other issues", or there were no issues other than 
rents and escheats. 

1 Inq. post mortem, 34 Hen. Ill, No. 29. 



372 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

Edmund de Mortemer received the honour of knight- 
hood at Winchester, at the hands of King Edward I, 
on the Feast of the Nativity of Our Lady, in the tenth 
year of his reign, and having done so, he married 
Margaret, daughter of William de Fendles, a Spaniard, 
and kinswoman of Queen Elianore, the wedding being 
kept at Winchester at the charges of the King and 
Queen. Like his ancestors, most of his life, after his 
succession to his father's patrimony by the death of 
the latter, was spent either in the border wars or 
accompanying the King in his Scotch or Gascoigne 
expeditions. 

He, with other of the Barons Marchers, encountered 
Llewelyn near Builth, and routed his forces. It was 
this Edmund de Mortimer to whom the Archbishop of 
Canterbury referred in the letter he wrote the King 
on the 17th December 1282, communicating the account 
of the death of Llewelyn, when he said that he, Mor- 
timer, had found a letter on the body of the dead 
Prince, couched " in obscure words and fictitious 
names". 1 

In the same year, on the death of John Fitz Alan, 
the custody of the castles of Oswestry and Arundel 
were committed to his trust. 2 

In the following year, 3 doing his homage to the King, 
he had livery of all his lands. 

A writer in these Collections* mentions a fact which 
shows that, whether his father had or had not taken 
full possession of his new territories of Kedewen and 
Kerry, this Edmund de Mortimer had, for one 
"Richard Labaunk was, in 14th Edward I (1285-6), 
in prison at Wigmore, by reason of arrears in his 
account to Edmund de Mortimer, whilst Constable of 
his castle of Dolfnovan (Dolforwyn). He was liberated 
on bail." 

1 Rymer, " 0" edition, ii, p. 224. 

2 Patent Roll, 10 Edw. I, m. 8. 

3 Rot. Fin., 11 Edw. I, m. 25. 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. x, pp. 327-8. 



HISTORY OP THE PARISH OF KERRY. 373 

There is a curious fact mentioned in a Close Roll of 
Edward I, 1 namely, that Edmund de Mortemer retained 
an eminent Baron of Yorkshire to serve him in the 
Welsh wars against Rees ap Meredydd, who was in 
rebellion against the King, with ten light horse, 
namely, one black with white foot, price sixty meres, 
etc. (the colours of all the rest are expressed, and their 
prices), he, Edmund de Mortimer, covenanting to pay 
the price of any of these horses which might happen to 
be lost in the service. 

In spite of his military labours he appears to have 
found time not only to look after the lands which he 
held under the King as tenant in capite, but to have 
attempted to annex other lands, etc., both in Shrop- 
shire and Herefordshire. The Shropshire historian 
records the fact that, in 1292, the King proceeded 
against this Edmund, under a writ de quo warranto, 
for withdrawing the suit of various Vills from the 
Shropshire Hundreds. Eyton added, the result was a 
failure on the part of the King. He, Mortimer, as 
will be seen presently, attempted to override some very 
ancient privileges enjoyed by the men of Montgomery 
over his lands of Kerry and Kedewen, but he was 
defeated. 

In 1294 he was summoned to be at Portsmouth on 
the 1st of September to accompany the King to Gas- 
coigne, well accoutred with horse and arms for this 
expedition. 

In 25th Edward I (1296-7), as is stated (in MS. 
Oxon., K. 84, folio 796), he was one of the lords who 
met at Montgomery to consider the demand the King 
then made, that they should attend him in an expedi- 
tion beyond the sea, at their own proper charge, which 
they refused to do, excusing themselves on the ground 
of the great expense they had been formerly at in his 
service in Wales and in Scotland. 

1 15 Edw. I, in dorso, m. 3 (1286-7). 



374 HISTORY OP THE PARISH OP KERRY. 

At the time the last war between King Edward I 
and Llewelyn broke out, Edmund de Mortimer was 
suspected of wishing well to Llewelyn, in regard of his 
near alliance to him ; but it is said that, to clear him- 
self of that suspicion, he ever after the more earnestly 
endeavoured to suppress the raids and incursions of 
the Welsh, in which, being always very active, it was 
at length his fate to be mortally wounded in the battle 
of Builth. He died of those wounds, at Wigmore, 
where he was buried among his< ancestors. He was 
but forty-nine years of age when he met his fate, July 
1304. He left issue five sons, namely 

1. ROGER, his heir, then 18 years of age. 

2. John, who was slain in a tournament at Worcester by 

John de Leybourne (3 non. January 1318) ; he was not 
over 18 years of age. 

3. Hugh, Rector of the church of Old Radnor. 

4. Walter, Rector of the church of Kingstona 

5. Edmund, Rector of the church of Hodnet (he was also 

Treasurer of the Cathedral at York). 

He also left three daughters 

1. Maud, who married Theobald de Verdun. 

3.' Elizabeth, } nuns at L yS broke - 

His Inq. post mortem (anno 33 Edward I, No. 63) 
mentions the different townships, vills, castles, mills, 
etc., which he and his wife were seized of; but neither 
Kerry, Kedewen, or Dolforwyn Castle is mentioned. 
In the neighbouring districts he held Rhayader Castle 
and town, Cefnllys Castle and town, Dymbod Castle, 
Knwclas Castle, Montgomery Castle, 1 and the greater 
part of the present county of Radnor, as well as 
numerous other estates in England. 

Eyton mentions (vol. xi. p. 320) that the above In- 
quisition constitutes the earliest Feodary which we 

1 This may refer to Dolforwyn Castle. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OP KERRY. 375 

have after Domesday, of the possessions of the Mor- 
timer family. 

The following is a translation of the Enrolment of 
the decision, several times previously referred to, in 
which Edmund de Mortemer sought to deprive the 
men of Montgomery of certain ancient privileges. It 
will be noticed that one " W . . . went hunting over 
the lands, and was caught, and subsequently impri- 
soned in the castle of * P.', but afterwards liberated." 
The writer is of the opinion that the letter " P" is an 
error of some transcriber for " D," as there was no 
castle in the vicinity the name of which com- 
menced with the letter " P" ; besides, the offence 
was committed close to his own castle of Dolfor- 
wyn, which among other offices contained one especially 
suited for the retention of criminals, namely, " le 
dongeon". 

THE MEN OF MONTGOMERY v. EDMUND DE MORTEMER. 

In the Year Book 1 of Edward I (anno 32-33), 1304, there is an Enrol- 
ment of the decision in a plea of deforciament brought by Hugh and all 
the men and the tenants of the King in the town and lands of Montgomery, 
against the above Edmund de Mortemer. They plead that they and their 
ancestors in all times of peace, in the time of King Henry III, and in the 
time of the now King (Edw. I), and in the times of all the Lords of 
K[erry] and K[edewen], to a time beyond which the memory of man did 
not run, were seised of common of pasturage in Lfaudyssil (?)], free chase, 
and a free fishing in the Severn, and in all the brooks in the lands of Kari 
and K[edewen], which, they said, the said Edmund by himself and his 
bailiffs had unjustly and without right interrupted, and they said they 
had been damnified by his action to the extent of ten pounds. 

The said Edmund had been summoned, but did not appear. 2 In 
default, an Inquisition was taken at the instance of the aforesaid men [of 
Montgomery], who on their oaths said, that all the men of the town and 
lands of Montgomery, from the first foundation of the castle and town 
aforesaid, had freely, and without any disturbance or impediment, over the 
lordships and lands aforesaid, in times of peace, in the reign of King 
Henry and the then King (Edw. I), bad been accustomed of their own free 
will and of right to chace, until the aforesaid E[drnund] caught W . . .(?) 
hunting there, and imprisoned him in the castle of P . . . . , and after- 
wards of his own favour let him go. 

They also said that the aforesaid men had been accustomed as a right 

1 Appendix, p. 519. 

2 He died in July 1304. 



376 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

to fish, that is to say, in the Severn and all the brooks in K . . (?) until the 
said E[dmund] and his bailiffs had impeded them. 

They also said they had been accustomed as of right to share in com- 
mon with the men of Lfandyssil (?)]. 

They also said that the father of the said E[dmund~) never prevented 
their hunting and sharing in common in the aforesaid places, wherefore it 
is known for certain by the said Inquisition that the aforesaid men (of Mont- 
gomery), without any disturbance, in the time of the Lords of K ...(?) 
in time of peace and in the time of King Henry and the then King (Edw. 
I), were accustomed as of right, that is, of their own free will, to hunt, and 
to fish in the Severn and all the brooks in the aforesaid lands, and to share 
in common with the said men of L .... until they were prevented by the 
aforesaid E[dmund] and his bailiffs as is aforesaid. It is therefore allowed 
that the said men (of Montgomery) shall be again possessed of their afore- 
said rights of hunting, fishing, and common of pasture, and the aforesaid 
E[dmund] is in Misericordia for unjust deforciament. 1 

The above is an interesting document in several 
respects, chiefly, perhaps, because it shows that the 
men of Montgomery possessed certain rights and pri- 
vileges over Kerry and Kedewen which did not pass 
to Roger de Mortemer (father of Edmund de Mortemer), 
when Edward the First granted to the former the 
ancient Welsh Lordship of Kerry and the Cantred of 
Kedewen (supra, pp. 367-368), and which Edmund 
above tried to deprive them of. 

The writer suggests that Llandyssil is intended as 
the location where the men of Montgomery had com- 
mon of pasture with the men of that parish. The 
town hill of Montgomery, as many of our readers are 
aware, at its west extremity is contiguous to what in 
the days of Edward I would be waste, belonging to 
the men of Llandyssil, and doubtless the flocks of 
sheep, herds of cattle, and horses belonging to both 
the men of Montgomery and Llandyssil would intermix 
and graze over all the open land in common. It in- 
dicates somewhat more : it points to a time, more or 
less remote, when Montgomery would appear to have 
had a more close connection with both Kerry and 
Kedewen than it had in 1304 ; possibly in the pre- 
Roman period the now parish of Montgomery, or a 
portion of it, formed a part of Kedewen. 

1 Keeping a person out of his own by force. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 377 

In Mont. Coll., vol. ix, p. 306, the writer mentioned 
that one of the Abbots of Strata Florida demurred to 
a certain case in which he was interested being heard 
in any other court than his own court in Kedewen. 

In an Inquisition 1 taken at Montgomery on the 7th 
of May 1252, in answer to a writ directed to Guy 
Rochfort, the King's Bailiff of Montgomery, com- 
manding him, by the oath of true and lawful men, 
diligently to inquire how the Abbot of Strata Florida 
used the liberties contained in his charters, and which 
articles he used and which he did not, in his (Guy 
Rochfort's) bailiwick 

" The Jurors said that the Abbot of Strata Florida and his 
men, in the time of Lord Robert de Budlers, 2 and in the time 
of Baldwin- de Budlers, 3 and in the time of William de Cur- 
teney, have used all the liberties and articles contained in their 
Charters. But that after the Lord the King constructed his 
castle 4 of Montgomery they did not use their liberties and 
articles contained in their Charters." 

What those liberties and articles were, is not spe- 
cified. 5 As Edmund de Mortimer was in 1304 in 
possession of the rights and privileges enjoyed then 
formerly by the old Welsh lords of Kerry and 
Kedewen, he probably conceived that he had the power 
to prevent the men of Montgomery from either 
hunting, fishing, or enjoying pasturage in common in 
either Kerry or Kedewen, but a more ancient right 
than his appears to have justified the contention of 
the men of Montgomery. 

This Edmund, having some variance with the Abbot 
of Strata Florida, sued him to his, Mortimer's, court, 
and not to the Abbot's own court in Kedewen ; but the 

1 Chancery Tnq. Post Mortem, 36 Hen. Ill, No. 65. 

2 Died in 1203. 

3 Died before 1207. (Mont. Sheri/s, pp. 325-6.) 

4 There are some interesting documents at the Record Office con- 
nected with the construction of King Henry's " new castle" at Mont- 
gomery, which he appears to have commenced about 1219. 

5 In Mr. S. W. Williams's Hist, of the Abbey of Strata Florida, 
this matter is dealt with at considerable length, pp. 135-42. 

VOL. XXIV. C 



378 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

Abbot answered and averred himself not subject to 
Mortimer, nor obliged to attend but in the Prince's 
court, nor answer respecting his lordship of Kedewen 
excepting by the King's brief (Ayscough MS. No. 
4553, B. Museum, article 4). About this period (22 
Edw. I, 1293) the Abbot sued Edward de Mortemer 
in a case of trespass, which was prolonged, because no 
jurors came. Robert Tybetot, Justiciar of West 
Wales, Robert Staundon, Justiciar of North Wales, 
the Sheriff of Salop, 1 and Griffin Cloyt, Bailiff of 
Arwystli, made their excuses (Ayscough MS. 4550, 
B. M., 3). 

ROGER DE MORTEMER III, born April 25th, 1287; 
created Earl of March, 1328 ; executed November 
29th, 1330, was the eldest son and heir of Edmund de 
Mortemer above. He was granted in ward to Piers de 
Gaveston ; in order to marry whom he pleased, he gave 
Piers de Gaveston 2,500 meres, and then marriedJoane, 
daughter of Peter de Genevill, son of Geffrey de Gene- 
vill, Lord of Trim in Ireland. 

He was knighted with Edward the Prince of Wales, 
and three hundred others, in a most solemn manner, by 
bathing and other sacred ceremonies, and in the same 
year he accompanied the King in an expedition against 
the Scots. Apparently his courage failed him, for he 
left the King without leave, and in consequence of this 
all his lands were seized by order of the King ; but the 
year following, through the intercession of Queen 
Margaret, the offence was condoned, and he had his 
estates restored. 

A short time afterwards, in some arrangement come 
to between his mother and himself, the following 
indenture was executed : 

"INDENTURE between MARGARET DE MORTEMER and ROGER DE MORTEMER 
her son, of certain lands delivered to the said lady in dower. 

" BETWEEN my lady Margaret de Mortemer of the one part and Roger de 
Mortemer, her son, on the other part, this is a covenant of assurance that 

1 William de Tittelye was Sheriff of Shropshire in 1292-93-94. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KI5RRY. 879 

the said Roger assigns, gives, and grants to dame Margaret, his very dear 
mother, before named, in name of dower, all the land of KEKY, entirely 
with homages and services, with the two mills of Wenreu 1 (Gwenrhiw) and 
Keuenp'iirr' (Cefnperfa 2 ), with all manner of appurtenances .... and the 
Manor of Norton, near Presthemede, to have and to hold to the said dame 
Margaret for her life, in name of dower freely and quietly, for which 
assignment, grant, and gift the said dame Margaret releases and quit claims 
to the said Roger her son, and his heirs, all the claims and right of dower 
which she has or may have in the free tenements which belonged to 
Edmund de Mortemer in Hugleye and other places. 

" In witness of these things also the said dame Margaret, with the 
said Roger her son, have put their seals to these indentures interchange- 
able. 

" GIVEN at Kingeslane the Wednesday next after the Feast of SS. Peter 
and Paul, the 35th year of the reign of King Edward (Thursday, 5th July 
1307)." 

[Taken from Liber Niger de Wigmore. Harl. 1240, folio 68, pencil 
numbers.] 

Kerry thus became separated for the time from 
Kedewen. He was made Governor of Buallt Castle 
in 1309, and in 1310 he accompanied the King to 
Scotland to suppress the rebellion of Robert le Brus. 
On this occasion a levy of men was made from Kerry, 
Kedewen, and Maelynaidd ; the total contingent 
amounted to 600 men '200 from each lordship. 3 

The assignment of Kerry in dower to his mother 
appears to have been a family arrangement, though 
she held it till the time of her death, in 1356. 

" At the end of this year Griffin de la Pole, pretending a 
right to the Castle of Pole (subsequently called Red Castle), 
and raising a great power of the Welsh, laid siege to it, John 
de Charlton, and Hawyse, his wife, being at the time therein ; 
whereupon the King directed his precept to Roger de Mor- 
temer, then Justice of Wales, to march thither for their relief 
and protection ; which he accordingly did, and settled them 
therein, for which signal service he had a grant from them of 

1 Gwenrhiw is a township near the Sarn. 

2 About a mile above Kerry village, past the Gilfach : at a later 
period this mill, and some land near Dolf'or, was part of the posses- 
sions of Strata Florida. The writer has seen an account of the 
Receiver ; the document is among the muniments of Wastel 
Briscoe, Esq., Newtown Hall Estate. 

3 Parliamentary Writs, vol. ii, div. ii, part 1, pp. 396-7 et 424 et 
seq., quoted in "Feudal Barons of Powys", Mont. Coll., vol. i, 
p. 269, n. 1. 

c c 2 



380 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

the inheritance of certain lands in Powys, as also the Forest of 
Ucheldre, situate between the rivers Eyw (Rhiew) and Llegy 
(Luggy), adjoining to his Lordship of Kedewen." 1 

This occurrence and assignment of Ucheldre Forest 
is mentioned in Dugdale, who quotes from the Monas- 
ticon, 2 but we failed to find any mention of it among 
the Records, nor does it appear on any of the Inquisi- 
tions of the Mortimers. 

The parish of Berriew is now, and ever has been, so 
far as our knowledge extends, in the Hundred or 
Cantred of Kedewen, and there is no subdivision of it 
known as " Ucheldre" ; but in Bettws, the neighbour- 
ing parish, one of the townships is called Ucheldre. 
It may have been assigned for a term of years, or for 
the life of Roger Mortemer, but it is a question which 
must remain in suspense till some document or other 
may turn up and explain how Kedewen or a part of 
it got into the hands of the Charletons. It is not 
mentioned as part of their possessions in any of their 
Inquisitiones post mortem. 

In 11 Edw. II (1317-18) we find that Roger's mother 
is ordered to furnish for the Scotch wars one hundred 
men (Dugdale refers to this, but did not appear to have 
been aware of the assignment above cited) ; these, 
" from the cantred of Melenith and out of her lands 
in Kery and Warthreynon", 3 a comot then in Arwystli. 
Roger de Mortemer joined in the second insurrection 
of the Barons, and marched with Thomas, Earl of 
Lancaster, Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, 
and others of the discontented Barons to London. 
" They were clothed in green, but their right hands 
were coloured yellow." The Barons met with a severe 
defeat at the battle of Bor abridge in 1322, after which 
Lancaster, their leader, surrendered, and was beheaded 
at Pontefract. Roger de Mortemer, persuaded by the 

1 Feudal Barons, p. 11. 

2 Vol. ii, 2246, n. 30. 

3 Close Roll, 2 Edw. II, m. 23. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 381 

Earl of Pembroke, surrendered himself to the King, 
who immediately committed him to the Tower. 

Before these events, Roger de Mortemer, having 
been informed that the Castle of Clun, and all the 
lands and Honour thereto belonging, were his own by 
right, he, accompanied by a body of his men from 
Kerry and Malienydd, entered Clun, and compelled all 
the Earl of Arundel's tenants to swear their fealty to 
him, Roger de Mortemer. 

The same year (1321) the King forfeited all Roger 
de Mortemer's estates for his share in the insurrection 
of the Barons, and, among other places, conceded to 
Edmund, Earl of Arundel above, and his heirs male 
Mortemer's lands in Kerry and Kedewen. 1 It will be 
noted that at this time the Earl of Arundel held not 
only Clun, but Kerry and Kedewen. We shall refer to 
this circumstance infra. 

The following year (1322) custody of Kerry was 
given to William de la Beche. 2 In 1327, by the pro- 
curement of Roger de Mortemer, Edmund, Earl of 
Arundel, was beheaded at Hereford. 3 

Now to return to Roger de Mortemer. Hearing that 
he was likely to be put to death in the Tower, he 
managed to give a banquet to Sir Stephen Segrave, 
then Constable of the Tower, and giving the latter a 
soporific drink, escaped and got away to France, where 
he was honourably received. The King made attempts 
both in France and England to take him " dead or 
alive". 

Roger de Mortemer's connections with Isabella, 
Queen of Edward II, are matters of history. At this 
juncture he induced her and the Prince of Wales to 
go over to France, on the pretence of settling the dis- 
pute with respect to Guienne. Her connection with 
Mortemer gave rise to so much scandal that her 
brother ordered her to quit his dominions. 

1 Cart., 15 Edw. II, Oct. 5, c. 18. 

2 Rot. Orig., vol. i, p. 262. 

3 Walsingham, p. 141. 



382 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY, 

The Queen and Roger de Mortemer raised an army 
of 2,000 men, and landed at Orwell, with the alleged 
intention of freeing the people of England from the 
tyranny of De Spencer. As Isabella advanced towards 
London, King Edward and his favourites fled into 
Wales. The Queen pushed on, captured Bristol (1326), 
defended by the elder Spencer, and he, who was ninety 
years of age, was executed, and his body thrown to 
the dogs. Within a month his son was taken, tried 
at Hereford, and hanged on a gallows fifty feet high. 

The King was captured and sent prisoner to Kenil- 
worth. A parliament decided that Prince Edward 
should be declared King, and forced a resignation from 
the unfortunate monarch. From Kenil worth the de- 
posed King was removed successively to Corfe, Bristol, 
and Berkeley. " Fears began to be entertained by the 
Queen's party of a reaction, occasioned by the growth 
of a general feeling against Isabella's scandalous con- 
nection with Mortemer. Edward's fate was now de- 
termined upon. One night the inmates of Berkeley 
Castle were aroused by horrible shrieks from the King's 
apartment. The next morning his dead body was ex- 
hibited for public inspection." 

Roger de Mortemer was now made Governor of 
Denbigh Castle, and upon the coronation of Edward 
III, by means of Queen Isabella, he caused his three 
sons, Edmund, Roger, and Geoffrey, to be knighted. 
Subsequently he obtained a pardon 1 for breaking out 
of prison in anno 18 Edward II (1324-5). He went 
into Scotland with the expedition, and in the same 
year, 2 Edward III, he obtained by patent 2 in fee the 
castle of Denbigh, late Hugh (Spencer's, attainted, 
also Oswestry, Shrawardine and Cluri Castles, and the 
manors of Ryton, Wroxeter, and Condover, which were 
Edmund, Earl of Arundel's. The same year he was 
made Justice of Wales, and in the Parliament begun 

1 Pat.. 1 Edward III, pars, i, m. 32. 

2 Pat., 2 Edward III, pars, ii, m. 16, per Inspeximus. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 383 

on the Quinzeme of St. Michael he procured himself 
to be advanced to the title of the Earl of March. 

We must retrace our steps a little in point of time 
to narrate one or two matters of local interest. On 
the forfeiture of Roger de Mortemer's possessions in 
1320, the King, on the 23rd January 1321-2, being 
then at Shrewsbury, issued a proclamation to all whom 
it concerned, announcing that by his Letters Patent he 
had committed to the custody of William de la Beche 
(his escheator for the counties of Salop and Stafford) 
the castle of Dolforwyn and the lands of Kerry and 
Kedewen, and all the goods and chattels belonging to 
the said Roger de Mortemer found in the said castle or 
on the said lands, and he directed that an inventory 
should be taken of the same. 1 

On the 7th of February then next following an 
inventory was certified to have been taken on the 25th 
of January preceding. This document, a copy of 
which is in the possession of Mr. Richard Williams, 
F.R. Hist.S., one of the honorary secretaries of the 
Powys-land Club, is probably the most interesting 
document that has ever been discovered connected with 
the early history of Dolforwyn Castle. We refrain 
from publishing the details, as they belong more 
properly to the history of the town of Newtown. 

By another writ, dated 20th February 1322, directed 
to William de la Beche, the King ordered him to sell 
all the goods in his custody belonging to Roger de 
Mortemer, and take the proceeds to the King. 2 

A month later, 25th March 1322, the King directed 
William de la Beche to deliver to " Our faithful 
Cousin", Earl of Arundel, or to his attorney, the 
castle, manor, and lands of Dolforwyn, arid the lands 
of Kerry and Kedewen, with their appurtenances, the 
same having been granted by the King to the said 
Earl, witnessed by the King himself at Pontefract. 3 

1 Q. R. Ministers' Accounts, " Weediugs," Bundle 7 T * T 3 , mem- 
brane 10. 2 Ibid., m. 1. 3 Ibid., m. 9. 



384 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

Another writ, dated 25th July in the same year, men- 
tioning that the King needed money to defray the 
expenses connected with the expedition against " our 
enemies" the Scots, commanded William de la Beche 
to send all the monies he then had in hand to the 
King's exchequer at York, and also to forward day by 
day any further sums he should receive. 1 

In 1327 Rees ap Griffith had a concession of some 
kind in connection with Kerry, which had been Roger 
de Mortemer's. 2 

The same year, Thomas de Clone, parson of Hopesay, 
was made custodian of Kerry. 3 Both these appoint- 
ments probably were made by Edmund, Earl of 
Arundel. 

Roger de Mortemer's career was drawing to a close ; 
ultimately he was impeached for consenting to the 
murder of King Edward II in Berkeley Castle, and 
for many other crimes. He was tried and found guilty 
of the charges, and sentenced to be drawn (on a 
hurdle) and hanged, and the sentence was carried out at 
the common gallows called " The Elmes", near Smith- 
field, in London, upon the eve of St. Andrew's Day 
(29th November), 1330. His body hung there for two 
days and two nights, and it was then buried in Grey 
Friars, 4 London, but many years afterwards it was 
translated to Wigmore. Precepts were issued on the 
23rd October 1330, 5 directed to several persons, to seize 
his castles and lands in Wales ; and three days later a 
commission was granted to John de Kingston and 
others to take an inventory of all his treasures and 
jewels in Wales and the Marches, but not to carry 
anything away out of the wardrobe of Joane, his wife, 
then at Ludlow. 

By his wife Joane, Roger de Mortemer III, first 
Earl of March, had the following children 

1 Q. R. Ministers' Accounts, " Weed ings," Bundle 7 -/ T 3 , mem- 
brane 2. 

2 Rot. Orig., vol. i, p. 300. 3 Ibid., vol. ii, p. 48. 
4 Stowe, p. 345a. 5 Rot. Fin., 4 Edward III, m. 15. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 385 

1. Edmund, his heir. 

2. Sir Koger. 

3. Sir Geoffrey. 

4. John, who was slain at a tournament at Shrewsbury. 

Koger de Mortemer also had seven daughters, all of 
whom were married. Maude, the fifth daughter, 
married John, son and heir of John de Charleton II, 
Lord of Powys. 1 

As will have been noticed, the King seized, among 
other possessions of Roger de Mortemer, the lordship of 
Kerry. This had been settled by his father, Edmund I, 
upon his wife, Margaret de Fendles. Steps were taken 
to obtain repossession of Kerry, and the following 
proceedings took place. 

Chancery Inquisition Post Mortem, 4 Edward 111, 1330-31, 2nd nrs., 
No. 48. [The Writ.] M. 4. 

EDWARD, by the grace of God King of England, etc., to his very dear 
and faithful Ralph Bassett of Drayton, Richard de Wylughby, Roger 
Hillary, and Robert de Aston, greeting: Edmund de Mortimer, son and 
heir of Roger de Mortimer of Wyggemore, has supplicated us, that 
whereas the aforesaid Roger, in the time of the lord Edward late King of 
England, our father, by the licence of the same our father had given and 
granted to John de Hotham, now Bishop of Ely, and Philip ap Howel, 
(amongst many other things) the land of Kedewynk, with the castle of 
Dolvoreyn ; and had granted that the land of Kery, etc., which Margaret, 
who was the wife of Edmund de Mortimer, held for the term of her life 
and otherwise in dower, of the inheritance of the aforesaid Roger, and 
which, after the death of the same Margaret, ought to revert to the afore- 
said Roger and his heirs, after the death of the same Margaret should 
remain to the aforesaid John and Philip. To have and to hold together 
with the aforesaid castles and manors of Kedewyng, Dolvoreyn, etc., to 
the same John and Philip, and to the heirs of the same Philip for ever. 
And the same John and Philip, by virtue of the gift and grant aforesaid, 
had been seized of the said lands, etc., for some time, and the attornment 
of the aforesaid Margaret being received for the said lands of Kery, etc., 
they had regranted the said castles and manors of Kedewynk and Dol- 
voreyn to the aforesaid Roger, to have and to hold to him and his issue. 

1 " Feudal Barons of Powys", Charleton pedigree, Montgomeryshire 
Collections, vol. i, p. 259. This alliance may account for a tile bearing 
the Mortimer arms being found in Welshpool Church at the time of its 
restoration in 1873. The shield bearing the arms is of a heater shape, 
which is characteristic of the fourteenth century (see Grazebrook, 
Dates of Shields, 1890, p. 23). The tile is preserved in the Povvys- 
land Museum. 



386 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

And they had granted that the said lands of Kery, etc., after the death of 
the same Margaret, should remain to the said Roger and his issue, and 
failing such issue the said castles and manors of Kedewynk, Dolvoreyn, 
etc., and also after the death of the said Margaret the said lands of Kery, 
etc., should remain to the said Edmund. And the same Roger, by virtue 
of the gift and grant to him made by the same John and Philip, had been 
seized of the said castles and manors of Kedewynk, Dolvoreyn, etc., -And 
had held them, and had received the attormnent of the same Margaret 
for the aforesaid lands of [Kery], etc., and had continued his seisin of the 
said castles and manors, etc., until the same manors and castles of Kedewynk, 
Dolvoreyn, etc., amongst others, were taken into our hand by the forfeiture 
of the same Roger, we would cause the said castles and manors of 
Kedewynk, Dolvoreyn, etc., being in our hand, to be delivered to the said 
Edmund. We willing to do to the said Edmund what shall be just in this 
behalf, assign you to inquire by the oath of true and lawful men whether 
the aforesaid Roger ent'eoffed the aforesaid John and Philip of the said 
castles and manors, etc., or not, and also if the same Roger granted the 
said lands of Kery, etc., to the said John and Philip, and to the heirs of 
the same Philip or not, etc. 

Witness ourself at Lincoln, on the 5th day of July, in the 5th year of 
our reign [A.IX 1331]. 

M. 5. 

Inquisition taken at Lodeford, in the county of Hereford, before Roger 
Hillary and Robert de Astene, on the Saturday next after tlie Feast . . . l 
in the 5th year of King Edward the Third [A. D. 1331], in the presence of 
Richard de Dal .... deford, keeper of the lauds and tenements, castles, 
aud manors which were Roger de Mortimer's .... Hereford, Wales, and 
the Marches of Wales, as the same William, by writ of the lord the King 
which to him thereupon came .... Robert, returned, because the same 
William de Schaldeford for arduous affairs of the lord the King set out 
... by the oath of Sir Richard de Baskerville, Sir William Deueroys, 

Sir E . . . . Pauncefort, Sir Roger de Meddesen, Sir John 

Trumwyue, knights, etc., [who say] upon their oath that Roger de Mor- 
timer of Wygemore, father of Edmund de Mortimer, in the 9th [year of 
King] Edward, father of the now lord the King, by his charter, by the 
licence of the same King his father, gave and granted ... to John de 
Hothum, now Bishop of Ely, and Philip ap Howel, (amongst many other 
things) the land of Kery, which Margaret, who was the wife of Edmund 
de Mortimer, held for the term of her life and otherwise in dower, of the 
inheritance of the said Roger, and which, after the death of the same 
Margaret, ought to revert to the aforesaid Roger and his heirs, after the 
death of the same Margaret should remain to the aforesaid John and 
Philip. To have and to hold to the aforesaid John aud Philip and to the 
heirs of the same Philip for ever, together with the castle aud manor of 
Wyggemore. 

And they say that the aforesaid John and Philip were seized by virtue of 
the feoff ment aforesaid of the aforesaid castle and manor of Wygemore, 
with the appurtenances, from the 1st day of July in the 9th year until the 
eighth day of August in the 10th year of the King the father. 

And they say that the aforesaid Margaret, on the tenth day of July, in 
the 10th year of the same King the father, at Penebrugge, in the county 
of Hereford, attorned herself by her fealty to the aforesaid John and 
Philip for the aforesaid lands, castles, and manors which she held for the 

1 Record illegible. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 387 

term of life and otherwise in dower of the inheritance of the same Roger 
in form aforesaid, etc. And they say that the said John and Philip on the 
aforesaid 8th day of August gave and granted the said castle and manor 
of Wygemore to the aforesaid Roger, the father of the aforesaid Edmund 
the son, whose heir he is. To have and to hold to him and his issue, and 
failing such issue they should remain to the aforesaid Edmund the son and 
his issue, and failing such issue they should remain to the right heirs of the 
said Roger. 

And they granted that the land of Kery, etc., after the decease of the 
said Margaret, should remain to the said Roger in form aforesaid, and 
failing such issue they should remain to Edmund the son and his issue, 
and failing such issue they should remain to the right heirs of the same 
Roger. 

And they say that the said Roger, by virtue of the gift and grant afore- 
said, was seized of the aforesaid castle of Wyggemore, etc., and continued 
his seisin from the aforesaid eighth day of August until the fourth day 
.... in the 4th year of the new King, on which day the said manor and 
castle of Wygemore, etc., by the forfeiture of the said Roger . . . and 
were seized into the hand of the now lord the King, and as yet for that 
cause and no other are in the hands of the lord the King. 

And they say that the same Edmund did not remise nor quitclaim the 
right which he had in the lands, castles, . . . Roger nor to any other, etc. 

M. 3. 

Inquisition taken at Lodeford, in the county of Hereford, before Roger 
Hillary and Robert de Aston, on the Saturday next after the Feast of St. 
Peter at Vincula, 5 Edw. Ill [5 August, A.D. 1331], in the presence of 
Richard de Dulverne, lieutenant (locum tenens) of William de Shaldeford, 
keeper of the lands and tenements, castles and manors, which were of 
Roger de Mortimer of Wigemore, in the county of Hereford, Wales, and 
the Marches of Wales, as the same William returned by the King's writ, 
which came to him thereupon before the aforesaid Roger and Robert, 
because the same William de Shaldeford, for arduous affairs of the said lord 
the King, could not be personally present there ; by the oath of Edmund 
de Cornewaile, Robert de Harleye, Roger Corbet of Caus, Walter de 
Huge ford, etc. Who say upon their oath that Roger de Mortimer of 
Wyggemore, father of Edmund de Mortimer, whose heir he is, on the 
fiftti day of July in the 9th year of the reign of King Edward, the father 
of the now Jord the King, by the licence of the same King the father, gave 
and granted, and by his charter confirmed to John de Hotham, now Bishop 
of Ely, and John ap Howel, the lands and castles of Kedewyng, Dolvoreyn, 
etc. To have and to hold to the same John and Philip and the heirs of 
the same Philip for ever. 

And they say that the same John and Philip, by virtue of the gift and 
grant aforesaid, were seized of the aforesaid castles and lands from the 
aforesaid first day of July until the eighth day of August next following, 
on which day they contiimed them to the said Roger. To have and to 
hold to him and his issue, and failing such issue they should remain to 
Edmund, son of the same Roger, and his issue, and failing such issue they 
should i emaiu to the right heirs of the same Roger. 

And they say that the same Roger, by virtue of the gift and grant afore- 
said, ws seized of the said lands, etc., from the aforesaid 8th day of 
August until the 4th day of November in the 4th year of the now King ; 
on which day the said lands, etc., by the forfeiture of the same Roger, were 
taken and seized into the hand of the lord the king, and as yet are in the 
hand of the King, etc. 



388 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

He was succeeded by 

EDMUND DE MORTEMER II, 

who was not Earl of March, as the attainder was not 
removed during his lite. He and his two brothers were 
knighted by Edward III, at his coronation. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Bartholomew de 
Badlesmore, by whom he had issue two sons 

1. Roger, who succeeded him. 

2. John, who died in his infancy. 

Edmund above recovered some of his father's lands, 
which had been forfeited on the execution of his father ; 
these were the lands which had been settled upon him 
on his marriage. He died at Stan ton Lacy in De- 
cember 1331, a little more than a year after his father's 
execution, leaving Elizabeth, his wife, surviving ; she 
subsequently married W. de Bohun, Earl of North- 
ampton. 

Edmund was succeeded by his son, 

ROGER DE MORTEMER IV, 

born 1328, had livery 1342; Earl of March, 1354; 
died Feb. 26, 1360. He was but three years of age 
on his father's death, but, on giving security for the 
payment of 250 a year during his minority, had a 
grant from the King, in 1341-2, of the castle of Radnor, 
and the territories of Warthreynion, Prestemede, Knigh- 
ton, and Norton in Wales, which were of his inherit- 
ance ; during his minority his stepfather, William de 
Bohun, Earl of Northampton, held Knwclas and Pilleth 
Castles. Through the mediation of that Earl, in 16 
Edward III (1342-3), his homage was accepted, and 
he had livery of Wigmore Castle. Four years later he 
accompanied the King to France, and was there, with 
Prince Edward and many others, knighted the same 
year, though he had not attained his majority. The 
King, on account of his good services, took his homage, 
and made livery to him of all the rest of his lands, 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 389 

excepting those which Elizabeth, his mother, held in 
dower ; as well as some held by his grandmother, 
Joan, which will be referred to presently. 

In 1352-3 he accompanied Edward III in another 
expedition to France. In this expedition he was 
charged with the finding of forty men out of his lands 
of Warthreynion 1 and Wigmore. 

In the same year he, in the Parliament held at 
Westminster, obtained a reversal of the judgment 
against his grandfather, Roger de Mortemer III, first 
Earl of March, as "erroneous and utterly void", where- 
upon he henceforth bore the title of Earl of March, and 
had restitution of all his lands, which by the forfeiture 
of his grandfather had been bestowed upon Sir William 
Montacute, afterwards Earl of Salisbury. 

The same year he contracted with Richard Earl of 
Arundel that Edmund, his son, should marry Alice, 
one of the daughters of that Earl, her portion being 
3,000 marks. 

Four years later his grandmother died, and proceed- 
ings were taken to ascertain what lands, etc., she died 
seized of. The following Inquisition discloses that she 
retained to the day of her death the lands settled upon 
her by her husband as dower. 



Chancery Inquisition 1'ost Mortem, 30 Edward HI, 1st nrs., No. 30. 

M. 4. 

Inquisition made before John de Swynnerton, Escbeator of the lord the 
King in the County of Salop, and the Marches of Wales to the same 
County adjacent, at Lodelowe, on the 4th day of November, in the 30th 
year of the reign of King Edward the third, after the conquest [A.D. 1356], 
according to the tenor of the writ of the lord the King sewn on to this 
inquisition, by the oath of W[illiam] de Leynsward, William de Pede- 
wardyn, John Balle, John de li'opton, John de Ledewych, William Cache- 
poll, John de Coneway, Roger le Deyere, Roger de Castro, Philip de 
Dumpedale, John de Elmbrugge, and John de Ouebury, who say upon 
their oath that Joan, who was the wife of Roger de Mortimer, late Earl of 

1 Warthrenion had been, in earlier days, a member of the Cantred 
of Arwystli ; it comprises that part of Radnorshire which joins the 
parishes of Llangurig and Llanidloes. There are some very early 
Ministers' Accounts connected with Warthrenion at the Record Office. 



390 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

March, deceased, in the writ contained, held on the said day on which she 
died, of the lord the King in chief, by the service of half a knight's fee, the 
manor of Staunton Lacy, next Lodelowe, etc. 

And they say that the same Joan held on the said day on which she died 
the castle of Doluareyn and the land of Kedewyng, with the appurtenances 
in Wales, for the term of her life, of the demise of Edmund de Mortimer, 
father of Roger de Mortimer, now Earl of March, whose heir he is, the 
reversion thereof belonging to the aforesaid Roger, now Earl of March, 
and his heirs. 

And they say that the same Joan held on the day on which she died, the 
land of Kery, of the inheritance of the same Roger, now Earl of March, in 
dower, of the endowment of Roger de Mortimer, late Earl of March, 
formerly the husband of the same Joan, grandfather of the aforesaid Roger, 
the now Earl, whose heir he is. 

And the said castle, and the lands aforesaid, are held of the King in chief 
by the service of two knight's fees. 

And they say that the said castle with the lands are worth, by the year, 
in all issues, according to the true value, ccxx^i., etc. 

And they say that the said Joan died on the 19th day of October last 
past. And they say that Roger de Mortimer, now Earl of March, son and 
heir of Edmund de Mortimer, son and heir of the aforesaid Joan, is next 
heir of the same Joan in form aforesaid ; and he is of the age of 28 years 
and more. 

In witness whereof the aforesaid jurors have set their seals to this 
inquisition. 

Dated on the day, at the place, and in the year aforesaid. 

After this Inquisition had been taken, he did homage 
and had livery of all the lands which had been held 
by his grandmother, Joane, Countess of March, among 
them Kerry. He was then but twenty-eight years 
of age ; he again accompanied King Edward III to 
France, and died at Rouen on the 24th of February 
1361, he then being commander of the English forces 
there. His body was brought over to England and 
buried at Wigmore Abbey. 

Within six weeks of his decease, steps were taken 
to hold an Inquisition post mortem, which we set out 
below. It is the most interesting document of that 
class we have hitherto met with, because it discloses 
what the lord was accustomed to receive from the 
lordships of Kerry, Kedewen, and the " New Vill" 
(Newtown) in Kedewen; it is regretable that these docu- 
ments are in a very dilapidated condition, and almost 
undecipherable, but the sense generally is disclosed. 
The writ is dated 16 April 1360, and the Inquisition 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 3.01 

was taken at Cleobury, on the Wednesday before or 
after Whit Sunday 1360. 

As we shall frequently, later, have to refer to the 
rents and issues arising from the lordship of Kerry, it 
may be well to state what they were worth per annum 
in this the first document that enumerates them : 

1. A rent of Assize, 1 payable at Michaelmas 10 a year 

2. A water mill . . . 500 

3. A piece of arable land in demesne . 100 

4. Forty acres of meadow . . 200 

5. The Farm of Bendour and Vaynor 2 1 10 

6. The Farm of the Kylghmergh* . 13 4 

7. The Farm of the Bailiwick of the Forest 4 500 

8. The pleas and perquisites of the Court . 20 

We omit the tabular form of the issues arising out 
of Kedewen lordship, but may remark that the nature 
of the tenure was not identical in both lordships ; this 
will be abundantly shown at a later period, and it will 
then be noticed that down to Henry Vllth's time the 
condition of the people in Kedewen was more servile 
than in Kerry. An interesting question arose, namely, 
whether the King or the Prince of Wales was entitled 
during the minority of the heir of Roger de Mortimer 
above, to the custody of the youth as ward ? 

Chancery Inquisition Post Mortem, 34 Edward 111, 1360-61, 1st nrs., No. 86. 
[The Writ.] M. 19. 

EDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England and France, and Lord 
of Ireland, to his very dear John atte Wode, his Escheator in the counties 
of Salop and Stafford and the Marches of Wales to the same counties 
adjacent, greeting. Because Roger de Mortimer, late Earl of March, who 
held of us in chief, has closed his last day as we have heard. We command 
you that without delay you do take into our hand all the lands and 
tenements of which the same Roger was seized in his demesne as of fee in 
your bailiwick on the day on which he died, and cause them to be safely 

1 A rent of assize was a fixed rent in money. Other rents varied 
with the price of corn. 

2 We think the above relates to Beander and Vaynor in Newtown 
parish, the jurors or the scribe mistaking the location. 

3 The above was a money payment in lieu of corn, which the 
tenants had to find for the horses of the lord or his servants in their 
annual circuit. 

4 The bailiwick was the extent of the jurisdiction of the forester. 



302 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

kept until otherwise we shall have commanded therein. And by the oath 
of true and lawful men of your bailiwick by whom the truth of the matter 
can be the better known, do you diligently enquire how much land the 
same Roger held of us in chief, as well in demesne as in service in your 
bailiwick on the day on which he died, etc., and the Inquisition thereupon 
distinctly and openly made do you send to us without delay under your seal 
and the seals of those by whom it shall be made, and this writ. 

Witness Thomas our dearest son, the Keeper of England, at Westminster, 
on the 16th day of April, in the 34th year of our reign of England, and 
the 21st of our reign of France. 

M. 21. 

Inquisition made before John atte Wode, Eschpator of the lord the King 
in the counties of Salop and Stafford and the Marches of Wales to the 
same counties adjacent, at Clobury, on the Wednesday next 1 the Feast 
of Pentecost, in the 34th year of the reign of King Edward III after 
the conquest [A.D. 1360], by the oath of .... [jurors]. Who say upon 
their oath that Roger de Mortemer, deceased, late Earl of March .... 
held in his demesne as of fee on the day on which he died, at Kery, in the 
aforesaid Marches of Wales, of the lord the King in chief by knight- 
service, the things underwritten. 

That is to say, a certain rent of assize by the year lOZz.; and it is paid 
at the Feast of St. Michael. And one water-mill, and it is worth by the 
year 100s. And one piece of arable land in demesne which is let to farm 
for 20s. To be paid at the Feast of St. Michael. And 40 acres of meadow 
which are worth at the time of mowing, 40s. 

The farm of the Bendour and Vaynour is worth by the year xxxs. To 
be paid at the Feast of St. Michael. 

The farm of the Kylghmergh is worth by the year xiiis. iiijj. To be 
paid at the Feast of St. Michael. 

The farm of the bailiwick of the forest there is worth by the year cs. 
To be paid at the feast of St. Michael. 

The pleas and perquisites of the Court there are worth by the year xx?i. 
And they say that the same deceased Earl held in his demesne as of fee 
on the day on which he died, at Keddewyng, in the aforesaid Marches of 
Wales, of the lord the King in chief by knight service, xxvj/i. vjs. viijc/. of 
annual rent to be paid at the Feast of St. Michael. 

And a custom there of the customary tenants is worth by the year .... 
And there are there 2 carucates of arable land, which are let to farm 
for iiijft., to be paid at the Feast of St. Michael. 

And there are there .... water-mills, which are let to farm for xxli. 
ijs. viijf/.; to be paid at the Feast of St. Michael. 

The farm of the bailiwicks there are worth by the year .... 
A several pasture there is worth by the year xixs. vjc/. 
And there is there a certain rent of corn, that is to say, cix quarters 1 
bushel, to be paid at the Feast of St. Michael, and it is worth by the year 
xjZi. xvjs. vyi. ; the worth of a bushel vjc/. 

And there is there a certain rent of oats at the same term. Namely, 
xxj quarters of oats which are worth by the year xviijs., the worth of a 
bushel i]d. 

And there is there a certain rent of hens, namely ccxv hens ; and they 
are worth by the year xvijs. xjd.; the worth of a hen xjJ. (sic). 

1 Omitted from the Record : query, before or after. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 393 

The following Inquisition was taken as between the 
King and the Prince of Wales to ascertain whether 
the above lordships were in the principality of Wales or 

in England. 

M. 24. 

Henry Grene and William de Fyncheden, sheriffs of Salop, greeting : 
Because it is found by an inquisition taken after the death of Roger de 
Mortimer, late Earl of March, and returned in the Chancery of the lord the 
King, that the said Earl held certain lands and tenements in Kery and 
Kedewyng in his demesne as of fee on the day on which he died, of the 
lord the King in chief by knight service. Because, nevertheless, the King's 
dearest first-born, Edward Prince of Wales, has given the same lord the 
King to understand that the castle of Doluorayn, with the new vill and 
cantred of Kedewyng and the comote of Kery, which are the same lands 
and tenements which are contained in the same inquisition, are and as well 
before as after the conquest of Wales were parcel of the principality of 
Wales, either in demesne or in service. Supplicating the same lord the 
King that he would order the custody of the same castle, cantred, and 
commote to be delivered to him by reason of the lordship of the princi- 
pality of Wales until the lawful age of the heir of the aforesaid Earl. 
The lord the King, wishing to be more fully certified concerning the pre- 
mises, has assigned you to enquire by the oath of true and lawful men of 
his county and the Marches of Wales to the same county adjacent, by 
whom the truth of the matter can be better known, if the aforesaid castle 
and commote are the same lands and tenements contained in the said 
inquisition, and whether they are held of the lord the King or of the 
aforesaid Prince of his said principality of Wales ; and if [they are held] 
of the lord the King, then by what service, and how, and in what manner ; 
and if [they are held] of the same Prince as of his principality, then, from 
what time, by what service, how, and in what manner. We command 
you that you cause to come before you at Shrewsbury on this instant, 
Saturday 24, as well knights as other free and lawful men of the county of 
Salop and the Marches of Wales to the same county adjacent, to enquire 
concerning the premises what shall be commanded them on behalf of the 
lord the King, and have there this precept. Dated at Wenlock, on the 
23rd day of July, in the 84th year of the reign of King Edward the Third, 
after the conquest of England, and in the 21st year of his reign of 
France. 

M. 26. 

Inquisition taken at Shrewsbury before Henry Grene and William de 
Fynchden, assigned to a certain inquisition between the lord the King and 
Edward Prince of Wales, the firstborn of the same lord the King, by virtue 
of a certain commission of the same lord the King to the aforesaid Henry 
and William directed, sewn on to this inquisition, by the oath of John de 
Routon, William de la Mynde, William de Eyton, Richard Banastre of 
Asterelye, Nicholas My We, John Lestrange of Leghton, John son of 
Malculini de Sheynton, John del Halle, Andrew de Titteleye, Hugh de 
Paunton, Thomas Tuder of Hopton, and Madoc de Kynaston, Who say 
upon their oath that the castle of Doluorayn, with the new town [Nova 
Villa], and the cantred of Kedewyng, and the commote of Kery, are the 
same lands and tenements which are contained in a certain inquisition 
taken after the death of Roger de Mortimer, late Earl of March, and 
returned in the Chancery of the lord the King, by which it was found that 
VOL. XXIV. D D 



394 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF KERRY. 

the same Earl held certain lands and tenements in Kery [and] Kodewyng 
in his demesne as of fee, on the day on which he died, in chief, by knight 
service, and that the same castle, cantred, and commote are held of the 
Prince as of the said principality of Wales, and from the whole time 
before that principality came into the hand of the lord Edward, late King 
of England, the grandfather of the now lord the King, by the rebellion of 
Lewelin, the last Welsh Prince of Wales, were parcel of the principality 
aforesaid. It is asked of the same jurors by what service the aforesaid 
castle, cantred, and commote are held of the aforesaid Prince. Who say 
that they are ignorant, because they say that before the conquest of Wales, 
namely, before the llth year of the aforesaid King, the grandfather, the 
aforesaid castle, cantred, and commote were in the hand of the aforesaid 
Lewelin, formerly Prince of Wales, in lordship, and were in the hands of 
other Princes of Wales from the whole time before, and likewise were at 
the time of the forfeiture of the aforesaid Lewelin to the aforesaid King, 
the grandfather of the now lord the King, as parcel of the principality 
aforesaid. 

They also say that the same lord the King, the grandfather, etc., by the 
charter gave the aforesaid castle, cantred, and commote to a certain Roger 
de Mortimer, ancestor of the aforesaid Roger, the late Earl, to hold to him 
and his heirs ; but whether the same lord the King, the grandfather, etc., 
gave the same castle, cantred, and commote to the aforesaid Roger, the 
ancestor, etc., to hold of the same King, the grandfather, as of his crown, or 
of the said principality, or by what services, the same jurors are totally 
ignorant, because they never saw the aforesaid charter of the same King, 
the grandfather, etc. 

In witness whereof the aforesaid jurors have set their seals to this 
inquisition. 

Dated at Shrewsbury, 1 on the Saturday next before the Feast of St. 
Margaret the Virgin, in the 34th year of the reign of King Edward the 
third of England, after the conquest, and of his reign of France the 21st. 



1 The reason why inquisitions relating to Kerry and Kedewen 
were taken before the Sheriff of Shropshire was because the King 
had no official to represent him in the Marches, and the writ was 
sent to the nearest Sheriff. Sometimes the Sheriff of Hereford acted 
for lands in Montgomeryshire. 



(To be continued.) 



395 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR, 
RADNORSHIRE. 

BY STEPHEN W. WILLIAMS, F.R.I.B.A. 



THE Cistercian Abbey of Cwmhir, in the county of 
Radnor, was founded in the year 1143, as stated in 
an extract from the " Chronicles of the Abbey of St. 
Werburgh, at Chester", quoted by Dugdale in his 
Monasticon; the founder, according to Leland, was 
Cadwallon apMadoc, the owner of Cantred Maelienydd; 
and it was subsequently endowed with large pos- 
sessions by his son Howel and his grandson Meredydd 
ap Maelgwn. Einion Clyd, a brother of the founder, 
and lord of the adjoining Cantred Elvael, was also a 
benefactor to the Abbey, giving lands and possessions 
in the parish of Clyro ; and we have three other 
Welsh benefactors, Eineon de Port, who gave them 
Caebalva, in Clyro, and other lands ; Ann Meredith, 
who gives " the land Kylwylf and Lechricht" (probably 
Llechryd, in Disserth parish) ; and Llewelyn Anarawd, 
or Llewelyn ap Amaranth, as he is styled in the 
Inspeximus Charter, 2 Edward II (Patent Rolls, m. 5), 
who grants to the Abbey " the land of Kokylhir, and 
Gwernebowys, and Keluruncy, and Cing." 

The Norman benefactors are Roger de Mortimer 
and William Fitzalan ; the former granted them lands 
and possessions in the parishes of St. Harmon and Llan- 
badarn Fynnydd, in the county of Radnor, and common 
of pasturage in the parish of Worthen, in the county 
of Salop ; Fitzalan gave them a valuable property in 
the honour of Clun, in the parish of Llanfair Water- 
dine, on the banks of the river Teme, now known as 
Mynaughty poeth and Skyborry. 

D D 2 



396 THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 

These grants were all confirmed by the Inspeximns 
Charter of Ed. II, which, in addition, confirmed to the 
Abbey of Cwmhir the donation which Gwenwynwyn, 
the son of Owen Cyfeiliog, made to the monks of the 
land called Cwmbiga, with its appurtenances, and 
Kellrneigan, with its appurtenances, and " common of 
pasture everywhere through Arwstli and Cyfeiliog"; 
also the lands of Garth keuyt, Eskir y maen, and 
Eskir y vedw, with all their appurtenances. The 
monastery of Cwmhir also acquired rights of pastur- 
age in Cardiganshire, as appears by the Charter of 
Maelgwn the younger, grandson of Prince Rhys ap 
Gruffydd, who, during the lifetime of his father, Mael- 
gwn ap Rhys, grants a charter to the Abbey of Strata 
Florida, and which is subsequently confirmed by King 
Henry II in 1229. In this charter we find that the 
monasteries of Whitland and Cwmhir had acquired 
rights of pasturage in Cardiganshire, as he reserves 
their rights, when making the grant to Strata Florida, 
in the following words : " and the whole pasture of 
Cardigan, except the portions which belong to the 
monks of Whitehouse and of Cwmhyr, as in the cyro- 
graph [?] are contained." 

Cantred Maelienydd, in which was situated the 
Abbey of Cwmhir, was one of the ten cantreds com- 
prising the province or principality of Powys Wen- 
wynwyn, and was divided into four cwrnwds or comots, 
viz. : Ceri, Rhiwalalet, Swydd y gre, and Swydd leithon. 
The three latter are part of the county of Radnor, 
and the Cwmwd of Ceri consisted of the existing 
parishes of Kerry and Mochdre, in the county of 
Montgomery. The founder of the Abbey, Cadwallori 
ap Madoc, was supreme lord of Cantred Malienydd ; 
he was the eldest son of Madoc ap Idnerth, who was 
descended in four generations from Elystan Glodrydd, 
the founder of the fifth Royal Tribe of Wales, and 
sovereign of the country which originally compre- 
hended all the territory between the rivers Wye and 
Severn. 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMH1R. 397 

Cadwallon ap Madoc was cousin to Rhys ap Gruffydd, 
Prince of South Wales, the founder of the Abbey of 
Strata Florida, and also a great benefactor to Whit- 
land Abbey. It- was from Whitland that the first 
colony of Cistercian monks came to Cwmhir, and, in 
all probability, in consequence of the relationship exist- 
ing between the founder and Prince Rhys ap Gruffydd. 

Madoc ap Idnerth was lord of Cantred Elvael as 
well as Cantred Malienydd. Elvael is entirely situ- 
ated in Radnorshire, and the names of these cantreds 
still survive in the designations of two rural deaneries 
in the county, and they probably are divided by the 
same line of demarcation as the original cantreds. 

After the decease of Madoc ap Idnerth, in 1 139, 
his territory was, in accordance with the Welsh law 
of gavelkind, divided between his sons. Of these, 
Howel and Cadwgan came to a violent end, in a 
domestic quarrel, shortly after their father's death ; 
Meredydd, another son, was slain within a year or 
two after (1145) by Hugh, son of Ralph de Mortimer, 
leaving Cadwallon lord of Malienydd, and Einion Clyd 
lord of Elvael. These two brothers fought against 
King Henry II, with Owen Gwynedd, Rhys ap Gruf- 
fydd, and other Welsh princes and chieftains, at the 
battle of Crogeu, in the year 1163. After Rhys ap 
Gruffydd had made his peace with King Henry, in 
1175, Cadwallon ap Madoc, Einion Clyd, and other 
Welsh lords accompanied him to Gloucester, and there 
did homage to the King of England for their lands. 

In 1177, Einion Clyd, who had married a daughter 
of Prince Rhys ap Gruffydd, together with another 
Welsh chieftain, Morgan ap Meredith, were treacher- 
ously slain by the Norman retainers of Mortimer, 
Lord of Wigrnore, as they were returning home from 
a great Eisteddfod which Prince Rhys ap Gruffydd 
had held at Cardigan in the Christmas of 1176. It 
is supposed that the assassins lay in wait for their 
victims in the woods of Llawrdderw, near the town of 
Rhayader, and it is believed that the two chieftains 



398 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 



were murdered at the place on the summit of the hill 
where now stands erect a huge stone, having upon it 
a rudely carved cross. Prince Rhys ap Gruffydd, 
immediately after the murder of his son-in-law Einion 
Clyd, invaded the territory of Mortimer and ravaged 
his estates, and, with a view to overawe and keep in 
check the encroaching Normans, built the Castle of 
Ehayader Gwy. 

On the 22nd September 1179, Cadwallon ap Madoc, 
as he was returning home from attendance at Court, 
and travelling under a safe conduct from the King, 




Stone at Llawdderw. 



was waylaid and murdered by the retainers of Roger, 
son of Hugh de Mortimer. Thus every one of the 
sons of Madoc ap Idnerth came to his death by vio- 
lence, and three out of the five fell by the hands of 
the Mortimers or their retainers a fact which clearly 
exhibits the hatred and jealousy that existed between 
them and the Mortimer family. 

Cadwallon ap Madoc married Eva, daughter of 
Gruffydd ap Meredydd, Prince of Powys, and had 
two, if not other sons, namely, (1) Maelgwn and (2) 
Cadwallon. Like their father and uncles, they lived in 
troublous times, and had to contend against the en- 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 399 

croaching Normans, who wished to deprive them of 
their ancient possessions. 

The first that is heard of them is in 1193-4, when 
Prince Rhys ap Gruflfydd, who had been taken prisoner 
by his own sons during the internecine feuds which 
raged at that time, was confined in Nevern Castle, 
Pembrokeshire ; they, taking advantage of the general 
state of turmoil and confusion in which South Wales 
at this time was thrown, seized upon the Castle of 
Rhayader ; but their possession of it was but of short 
duration, for, in 1195, Roger de Mortimer, with a 
strong force, attacked and dispossessed them of Mae- 
lienydd and the Castle of Rhayader. 

Prince Rhys ap Gruffvdd, having: been released 

*f / * O 

from captivity by another of his sons, and his friends 
and retainers rallying round him, he very soon re- 
covered his position as chief lord of South Wales, and, 
in 1196, levied a large army, with which he attacked 
Roger Mortimer, recovering from him all the territory 
he had wrested from the sons of Cadwallon ap Madoc 
in Maelienydd and Elvael, and recovered his Castle of 
Rhayader Gvvy ; he also obtained possession of the 
Norman castles of Colwyn, Radnor, and Payne's Castle 
in Elvael, and, in all probability, reinstated the sons 
of Cadwallon ap Madoc in their estates and lordship 
of Maelienydd. 

Eventually Roger Mortimer succeeded in dispos- 
sessing the sons of Cadwallon ap Madoc of much of 
their territory, but they must have retained a con- 
siderable portion of their Radnorshire estates, as Mere- 
dydd ap Maelgwn, a grandson of the founder, was a 
donor to the Abbey of Cwmhir of various lands and 
possessions in several of the parishes of the county of 
Radnor, and confirmed the grants of his father Mael- 
gwn and grandfather Cadwallon ap Madoc. 

In 1212 a How el ap Cadwallon, Madoc ap Maelgwn, 
and Meurig Barach were executed at Bridgenorth for 
slaying one William de Moid, in some border feud or 
petty rebellion of that time. Of these, Howel ap Cad- 



400 THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 

wallon was probably a son of the founder of Cwmhir ; 
he was a donor to the Abbey of lands in the parish 
of Forden in the county of Montgomery ; Madoc ap 
Maelgwn was most likely a grandson of the founder 
and son of Maelgwn, the eldest son of Cadwallon ap 
Madoc. A brother of Madoc ap Maelgwn, Cadwallon 
ap Maelgwn of Maelienydd, died at Cwmhir about 
the year 1234, and was in all probability buried there, 
as no doubt such members of the founder's family who 
were fortunate enough to die in their beds found a 
last resting-place within its sacred precincts. 

Mr. E. Rowley Morris, in his " History of the Parish 
of Kerry", which is now being printed in these Trans- 
actions, has traced the descendants of Cadwallon ap 
Madoc, the founder of the Abbey of Cwmhir, down 
to the commencement of the 14th century, but by that 
time the great house of Mortimer had become pos- 
sessed of the bulk of their extensive estates, either by 
conquest or by intermarriage, for we find that Madoc, 
the eldest son of Maelgwn ap Cadwallon, married 
Rose, daughter of Sir Roger Mortimer, and had a son 
Adda, but it is not known when the patronage of the 
Abbey ceased to belong to the descendants of the 
founder ; it is probable that either Madoc or his son 
Adda were the last of the male line of the founder's 
race who possessed it. The descendants of Madoc ap 
Idnerth at the end of the thirteenth century had 
ceased to be persons of any great importance in the 
district, though they were probably to some extent 
landed proprietors. 

Early in the thirteenth century the Mortimers were 
the patrons of the Abbey, as we find that about the 
year 1240 the Abbot and Convent of Cwmhir quit 
claim the lands of Karwyton and Brynygroes to 
Ralph Mortimer and Gladys his wife, and about 
the year 1241 they grant to Roger Mortimer the 
right to enclose with hedges for the hunting of animals 
of the chase in the convent's wood of Cwmhir, and 
to have wood for that purpose. 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 401 

Having traced all that is at present known of the 
founders, it may be interesting to endeavour to eluci- 
date what were the possessions of the monastery, 
where situated, and by whom they were given. 

Mr. R. W. Banks of Ridgebourne, Kington, in the 
Archcsologia Cambrensis for 1888, vol. v, fifth series, 
page 204, published some notes in continuation of the 
history of this monastery, by the Rev. Jenkin Rees, 
which also appeared in the Archceologia Cambrensis, 
1850, vol. iv, first series; and I am very much in- 
debted to both these authors, and to Mr. E. Rowley 
Morris's " History of the Parish of Kerry", for valuable 
information upon this portion of my subject. Mr. 
Banks in his paper states that, " The only record of 
donations to the Abbey is contained in Charters 
16 John, 27 Dec., Charter Rolls, p. 205, and 16 
Henry III, June 1st. None of the grants to the 
Abbey have been preserved. From Meredith ap 
Maelgon the Abbey derived the manor of Gollon, and 
lands in the parishes of Llanbadarn Vynydd, Llanano, 
and Llandewy Ystradenny, with ' common of pasture 
over the whole of Maelienydd and Kerry' ; from Roger 
Mortimer, the manor of Dolelvan, in the parish of St. 
Harmon, adjoining the territory of the monks of Strata 
Florida, with common of pasture in Worthen, situate 
in the counties of Montgomery and Salop." These 
grants were further confirmed by the Inspeximus 
Charter, 2nd Edward II (Patent Rolls, m. 5), before 
quoted, which mentions the donation which Gwenwyn- 
wyn, son of Owen Cyfeiliog, made to the monks of 
Cwmhir, and which gave rise to a dispute between 
them and the Abbey of Ystrad Marchell or Strata 
Marcella, near Welsh pool. 

Mr. Banks thus refers to the dispute between these 
neighbouring Cistercian houses : 

" Differences arose between the monks of Cwmhir and Ystrad Marchell 
as to their respective rights of pasturage in the territory comprised in 
Gwenwynwyn's donations. The dispute was referred to a general chapter 
of the Cistercians in 1225, and decided ; but the chapter soon after revoked 
its decision, and in the following year issued a mandate to the abbots of 



402 THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 

the monastic houses of Whitland, Dore, and Caerleon, to inquire into and 
settle the matter in dispute. 

" With a view to support their contention, the monks of Ystrad Marchell 
obtained in 1226 from Griffith ap Llewelyn a charter in which the follow- 
ing clause occurs : ' In like manner I have given to the aforesaid monks 
all that land which is between Korth (Corf) and Einiawn, so that no other 
monks shall have in that any use, or commonage, or proprietorship, except 
the monks of Strata Marchell ; but all the aforesaid boundaries and dona- 
tions which relate to Kerrylioc I have given them, as better witnesseth the 
charter of our Lord Wenwynwyn.' 

" The strife was ultimately ended by a compromise, to which the arbi- 
trators, with the assent of the abbots of both houses, gave their sanction at 
Radnor, in the month of July 1226. The terms of the compromise were 
recorded by a deed, to which the seals of the Sub-prior of Dore and of the 
Abbots of Caerleon, Pool, Strata Florida, and Valle Crucis were annexed, 
and were, that the whole of the monks' land in the midst between Wych 
and Buga, from the moor upwards, which is above Perveth Mynyth, be 
divided through the middle in a straight line in length as far as it extends, 
whether to Plinlimmon or any other place, so that it may be halved 
between the two houses ; the half which is towards Luyth to remain to 
Pool ; the house of Cwmhir having from that half all the land of Cwmbuga 
and Blaengwy in their bounds, and between Corf and Einiawn that part 
which belongs to the county of Cardigan ; and the house of Pool having 
the land which belongs to Cyfeiliog. The land which the monks of Pool 
and Cwmhir then enjoyed in turn (ab inviceiri) to so remain for ever, with- 
out contention. 

"From this it appears that there were lands which each house held in 
its turn, for a certain period in severalty. The deed, which is evidently a 
duplicate of the deed at Wynnstay, translated and printed in the Mont- 
gomeryshire Collections, vol. iv, as part of the able and exhaustive account 
of the Abbey of Strata Marcella, by Mr. Morris Charles Jones, F.S.A." 

The territory in dispute between the Abbeys of 
Strata Marcella and Cwmhir was open unenclosed 
moorland, and the monks must have depastured their 
sheep and cattle thereon during the summer months 
under the care of a shepherd, who would occupy a 
small hut or hafod on the mountains, or a grange in 
the valley. 

The Abbey of Cwmhir possessed the following 
granges, which, with the exception of Cwmbiga, were 
all very fertile and valuable properties, and are now 
Celebrated as rich and productive farms in their 
respective districts : Clyro Grange (where there are 
still some remains of ancient buildings) and Brilley 
Grange are situated near to and on the banks of the 
river Wye, in the county of Radnor, where it borders 
upon Herefordshire ; Monaughty Grange, in the parish 
of Bleddfa, in the same county, where there is a fine 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 403 

old manor house of the Tudor period ; Monaughty 
Poeth Grange, in the parish of Llanfair Waterdine, in 
the county of Salop, in the Valley of the Teme, near 
Knighton ; and Gwernygo and Hopton Granges, in the 
parishes of Kerry and Churchstoke, in the county of 
Montgomery ; also Cwmbiga Grange, which is also 
situated in Montgomeryshire, westwards of Llanidloes 
and upon the slopes of Plinlimmon. In addition to 
these there was also the grange of Nantyrariant, in 
the county of Cardigan. 

At the time of the ecclesiastical Taxation of Pope 
Nicholas, A.D. 1291, the property of Cwmhir was then 
valued as follows : 

"The property of Religious Persons in the Archdeaconry of Brecon, in 
the Diocese of St. David's, as well in temporals as otherwise. The 
property of the Abbot of Cumhyr is assessed at 28 14s. 4 d. The Tenth of 
which is 2 Is. 5$d. 

" The assessment of temporal property in the Archdeaconry of Cardigan. 
The Abbot of Comhir has the grange of Nanterrarant, two carucates of 
uncultivated land, with a Mill, and part of another, 13s. 8d. Profits of 
Animals. The Abbot has payment for the safe keeping of 128 cows, 7 8s. ; 
and also of 300 sheep, 4 10s. ; and likewise of twenty-six mares, 1 6s. 
The amount of which is .13 7s. 8d. 

" Property in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Bangor. The Abbot of 
Comhir, in the Diocese of St. David's, has the grange of Cwmbuga and 
Estermeyn, with other privileges, 1. The amount of the tenth is 2s." 

In A.D. 1534 the valuation of the property of the 
Abbey, as taken from the General Ecclesiastical Sur- 
vey, 26 Henry VII, in the offices of the first fruits in 
the Exchequer, gives the following particulars : 

" Diocese of St. David's, Monastery of Cwmhir. The Abbot has annually 
from the demesne lands, with the mansion house, 20s. Also from rents of 
lands and tenements in Golon, 18 6s. 8d. Likewise rent from Cumbyga 
in Arustlye, 13s. 4<Z. Likewise annual rent from Cabalva in Elvel, 
2 17s. 4J. Also annual rent from certain lands situate in Brilley, in the 
lordship of Huntington, 13s. 4d. Likewise in Temcettor, 3 13s. 4rf. 
per annum. From the Grange Farm called Carnaf, which was usually 
paid to the said Abbot, 6, but Roger Vaughan held the said Grange 
for a term of years, by the grant of the said Abbot, for the rent of 
6s. 8d. a year. From the Grange of Gwernygo, in the lordship of Kerry, 
8 8s., which was usually paid to the said Abbot, but as it is said, 
the said Grange is placed in Mortgage to one John ap R. for a 
term of years, whereof ten are unexpired, without paying any rent. 
Amount, 28 17s. 4J. From these, is payable a fee to the Bailiff of John 
ap R., 3s. 4id. Likewise in cash repaid to the Lord of Temcettor, 6s. 8d. 
And to the Bailiff thereof, 6s. 8d. For a pension to Chirbury, 8s. A fee 



404 THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMH1R. 

to John ap R., 20s. A fee to llichard Herbert, 13*. 4</. A fee to the 
Bailiff of Golon, 20s. Amount of deductions, 3 18s. Clear remainder, 
24 19s. 4d. The tenth whereof is 2 9s. 



In the above valuation no account is taken of the 
Cardiganshire property, the grange of Nantyrariant 
and its sheep walks, etc., nor of the common of pas- 
ture in Worthen and the lands in Forden ; what had 
become of these we know not. The rents of lands 
and tenements in Gollon probably included all the 
properties adjacent to the Abbey, but there seems no 
reference to the valuable estate of Monaughty, in the 
parish of Bleddfa. The lands in Temcettor would 
comprise the property in the Valley of the Teme, 
Monaughty Poeth, and Skyborry. Carnaf is, accord- 
ing to Rees, the grange of Clyro ; Gwernygo would 
include the grange of Hopton. The mortgages and 
leases which the Abbot had granted were probably 
given for valuable consideration ; he possibly foresaw 
the coming storm, which so shortly afterwards broke 
over the monastic institutions of the country. He and 
John ap R. and Roger Vaughan doubtless entered 
into friendly arrangements, whereby the Crown would 
at any rate during his life not be able to deprive him 
of all his rich possessions and the valuable emoluments 
of the Abbey of Cwmhir. 

After the dissolution of the monastery, the posses- 
sions of Cwmhir passed into various hands, and it 
would unduly lengthen this paper to trace the devolu- 
tion of the various properties after they had ceased to 
belong to the Abbey. 

Having traced all that is at present known of the 
history of the founders, and of the possessions of the 
Abbey, it will be of interest to note what little is 
recorded of the history of the Abbey itself ; from the 
date of its foundation until the period of its dissolu- 
tion. 

The facts at present ascertained, bearing upon this 
portion of my subject, are very meagre. Doubtless 
the events connected with the Abbey were from time 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 405 

to time carefully written down in the register or 
chronicle of the monastery, arid preserved with the 
muniments and charters ; but whatever records there 
might have been of what took place within its walls, 
or relating to its affairs, have long since disappeared, 
and it is only from a few scattered notices gleaned 
from records, which had other objects in communicating 
information, that the few facts which remain have been 
gleaned. 

It is not known who was the first abbot that presided 
over the monastery, but the earliest account to be met 
with on the subject is that one named Meyrick died 
in the year 1185. 

In 1199 a company of monks from Abbey Cwmhir 
went to Cymmer Abbey in Merionethshire, which, 
according to Dugdale, was founded at this time. 

About 1210 the name of the Abbot of Cwmhir was 
Hi rid; he was one of the four abbots at whose solicita- 
tion Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor, Lord of Bromfield, 
gave to the Abbot of Strata Marcella, in Montgomery- 
shire, certain lands in Llangwistel for the erecting 
therein of monastic buildings. The other abbots were 
Peter, Abbot of Alba Domus or Whitland, in Car- 
marthenshire ; Deniawel, of Strata Florida, in Cardi- 
ganshire ; and Phillip, Abbot of Strata Marcella. 

In the year 1214 King John confirmed to the abbot 
and monks of Cwmhir the various grants of the lands 
which they possessed, and had been given to them by 
various individuals. 

In the year 1231, during the wars between 
Henry III and Prince Llewelyn ap lorwerth, the 
latter having ravaged the Marches of South Wales, 
and taken the Castles of Rhayader, Radnor, and 
several others, Henry came against Llewelyn with a 
large army and advanced as far as Hereford ; and 
during the time the King with the main body of his 
forces lay at Hereford, a somewhat remarkable circum- 
stance took place, with which it has been supposed 
that Cwmhir Abbey was intimately connected. The 



406 THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIK. 

facts as related by Matthew Paris, the historian, are as 
follows (Matth. Paris, Hist. Angl., pp. 492-493) : 

" The King, removing his army, came to the city of Hereford ; Llewelyn 
was, at that time, with his forces not far from the Castle of Montgomery, 
in a certain meadow where was a river, whose banks consisted of marshes, 
and where he craftily prepared an ambuscade for the soldiers of the said 
castle. For it is said that Llewelyn directed a certain friar of the Cistercian 
Abbey, which was near, to go towards the castle, whom, when the soldiers 
of the castle saw pass by, they went out to speak with him, and enquired 
if he had heard anything about King Llewelyn. He answered that he had 
seen him with a small attendance in a neighbouring meadow, where he 
waited for a larger number of men. The soldiers then asked the friar 
whether the horsemen might pass through the river and meadow with 
safety ? And he answered, that the bridge, on which travellers were accus- 
tomed to pass over the river, had been broken down by Llewelyn, because 
he dreaded an attack ; but that they might safely pass through the river, 
and enter the meadow on horseback, and with a few horsemen either over- 
take or put to flight the Welshmen ; which, being heard, Walter de Gorda- 
villa, the governor of the castle, believed the false assertions of the friar, 
and ordered the soldiers and sergeants to be armed, who, having mounted 
their horses, came speedily to the place ; whom when seen coming in force, 
the Welshmen betook themselves to flight to a neighbouring wood, and the 
soldiers of the castle pursuing them rapidly with their horses, and especially 
those who were foremost, became immersed in the said river and marshy 
portion of the meadow up to their horses' bellies ; but those who were fol- 
lowing, being warned by the immersion of their companions, escaped, and 
condoled with them in their misfortune. Then the Welshmen, being in- 
formed of the immersion of their enemies, returned against them in great 
force, and, with their lances, slew the horses and soldiers floundering in the 
mud. A dreadful conflict was the consequence, and many were slain on 
both sides, but the Welshmen gained the victory. 

" When the misfortune that had happened to the soldiers was at length 
made known to the King, he speedily went in a hostile manner to the abbey, 
whose friar had betrayed the said soldiers, and in revenge for such criminal 
conduct, plundered and burnt a grange belonging to the abbey, and 
ordered the abbey itself to be similarly plundered and destroyed by fire. 
But the abbot of the place, that he might save the buildings, which had 
been erected at such very great expense and labour, gave the King three 
hundred marks, and thereby assuaged his indignation. 

" These things having been accomplished, the King caused Maud's 
Castle, in Wales, which had been demolished by the Welsh, to be elegantly 
rebuilt with stone and mortar ; and when the work was completed, which 
was done at great expense, the King placed therein soldiers and dependants, 
who should restrain the incursions of the Welshmen." 

The above translation from Matthew Paris has been 
extracted from the account of Cwmhir Abbey which 
appeared in the Archceologia Cambrensis, 1849, No. 16, 
p. 237, by the Rev. W. J. Rees, and he observes as to 
this event, " that the well-known histories of Wales, 
both by Powell and Wynne, mention these transactions 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 407 

as connected not with the Abbey of Cwmhir, in Radnor- 
shire, but with that of Cymmer, in Merionethshire 1 ; 
and Tanner, in his Notitia Monastica, 2 and Williams,, 
in his account of the Welsh monasteries, published in 
the Cymmrodorion Transactions? have adopted their 
narrative as correct ; but a little consideration will 
prove that the transactions which have been related 
were connected with this Abbey, and not with that of 
Cymmer." 

" Both Powell and Wynne call the Abbey in question 
Cymer, whereas the Latin name given by the original 
historian is Cumira, to which word Cwmhir is more 
like than Cymer. With regard to the space said to be 
between this Abbey and the Castle of Montgomery, 
there is some difficulty, as it is stated that the Cister- 
cian Abbey, to which the friar belonged, was near to 
the castle, whereas tbere is a distance of twenty-four 
miles between Cwmhir and the said castle ; yet it was 
to be observed, that there was a still greater distance, 
by ten miles, between the castle and Cymmer. 
Besides, the Abbey of Cwmhir, for the King to go to 
from Hereford, where he was stationed, was only forty 
miles off, and much more convenient for access than 
that of Cymmer, which was distant above a hundred 
miles, and not to be approached but by roads difficult 
to be traversed. And also Maud's Castle, 4 which he is 
said to have rebuilt after his hostile visit to the Abbey 
in question, is as much as forty miles distant from 

1 Powell's Wales, p. 206 ; Wynne's History of Wales, p. 252. 
3 Tanner's Notitia Monastica (Merionethshire). 

3 Cymmrodorion Transactions, vol. ii, p. 257. 

4 This castle is about five miles eastward from the town of Builth, 
on the road from thence to New Kadnor. It is at present merely a 
farmhouse, surrounded by old entrenchments, and there still remain 
some traces of the outer wall. It is called Colwyn Castle, from the 
Hundred in which it is situated. In the Welsh records it appears 
as the Castle of Colunwy. It had the name of Maud's Castle from 
Maud de St. Wallerie, wife of William de Breos, who was owner of 
the castle and lord of the district. After marriage this lady was 
called Maud de Haia. 



408 THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 

Cjmmer, and only eleven miles from Cwmhir, from 
which latter place the castle was in a direct line of 
road for restoring the several castles in South Wales 
that Prince Llewelyn had ravaged, which circumstance 
had been the original cause of the King's expedition." 
This expedition of Henry III, in 1231, must not be 
confounded with the previous expedition in 1228, 
when, according to Powell's History of Wales, the 
King caused an abbey, called " Cridia", which the 
Welsh were wont to take for refuge, to be burnt 
down. This matter of the burning of " Cridia Abbey" 
has been fully dealt with by Mr. E. Rowley Morris, 
in his " History of the Parish of Kerry", in vol. xxiii, 
p. 353, of these Transactions (Mont. Coll.], and with 
his conclusions I fully agree ; but with reference to 
what took place in 1231 I feel some doubts as to 
whether the Cistercian Abbey referred to by Matthew 
Paris may not have been the Abbey of Strata Florida, 
and for the following reasons. 

1. We know that there was a grange belonging to 
Strata Florida at Abermule, in the Vale of the Severn, 
to which the Cistercian friar might at the time have 
been on a visit ; this was riot far from the Castle of 
Montgomery, and it is situated on the banks of the 
river Severn, near to where there would be the bridge 
which had been broken down by Llewelyn. This, in 
all probability, was the grange that was burnt by the 
King's orders, and he may subsequently have' ad- 
vanced as far as Strata Florida. The breaking down 
of the bridge almost certainly fixes the action that 
took place on the banks of the Severn, as it certainly 
must have been a large river over which the bridge 
passed, or the breaking of it down would have been of 
no avail as a measure of defence by Prince Llewelyn. 

2. There is an entry in the Brut y Tywysogion 
(Rolls ed., p. 335), under date of 1248, which states 
that Gruffydd, Abbot of Strata Florida, made peace 
with King Henry III " in respect of a debt which the 
monastery owed for a long time previously, he forgiv- 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 409 

ing to the Abbot and convent half the debt, namely, 
fifty marks, and three hundred marks the other paid, 
and was to pay as much more, under settled limita- 
tions, as may be found in the register of the monas- 
tery." Is it not possible that here we can trace the 
fine of three hundred marks which Matthew Paris 
states the Abbot gave the King to save from destruc- 
tion the buildings which had been erected at such 
very great expense and labour, and that in seventeen 
years the accumulated interest may have been one 
hundred marks, of which the King forgives fifty marks, 
and that the three hundred marks which the Abbot 
paid was the original fine incurred by the treachery of 
the monk at Abermule in 1231 ? One other reason still 
remains. We find that in 1232 a writ of protection 
was granted by Henry III to the monks of Cwmhir 
Abbey, whereby they and their tenants and attend- 
ants had the privileges granted them to be exempt 
from the payment of toll and custom throughout his 
territories, with respect to what they bought and sold 
of their property, provided they took care that what 
they bought and sold did not get into the han,ds of 
the King's enemies. And all persons were forbidden, 
under a penalty of ten pounds, to molest them with 
respect to such things ; and also such persons as had 
a law-suit with them were forbidden to proceed except 
before the King and his Chief Justice. 

In the same year the King also confirms the charter 
of King John of the year 1214. It would be scarcely 
likely that, in the very following year to that in which 
the Abbot and Convent of Cwmhir had given the 
King such mortal offence, and had been fined three 
hundred marks, that he would grant them these privi- 
leges and immunities. 

To my mind it appears far more likely that Cwmhir, 
at the time of the war with Llewelyn ap lorwerth, 
being under the Mortimer influence, would be far 
more likely to take sides with the English rather than 
the Welsh ; and we know that Strata Florida, being 

VOL. XXIV. E E 



410 THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMH1R. 

a purely Welsh abbey, adhered to the cause of Llewelyn, 
not only in the reign of Henry III, but subsequently 
suffered severely for its adherence to the national 
cause in the reign of Edward I. 

About the year 1234, Cadwallon ap Maelgwn of 
Melienydd, who was probably a grandson of Cadwallon 
ap Madoc, the founder of the Abbey, died at Cwmhir. 1 

About the year 1240, the Abbot and monks of 
Cwmhir released to Sir Ralph Mortimer all their right 
and claim to the lands of Karwyton and Brynygroes. 2 

About the year 1241, Philip, Abbot of Cwmhir, and 
the monks thereof, granted to Sir Ralph Mortimer the 
privilege of making fences in Cwmhir Wood. 3 

In the year 1260, the Abbot and monks of Cwmhir 
Abbey acquitted Sir Roger Mortimer with respect to 
the annual payment of one mark, which had been 
granted them by him, and was annual rent due from 
Humphrey de Bohun. 4 

In 1282 or 1283, the body of Llewelyn ap Gruffydd, 
the last Prince of Wales, who was slain at Cefnybedd, 
near Builth, was, through the intercession of Maud de 
Longespee, the wife of John Giffard, and a kinswoman 
of the Prince, removed from Cefnybedd, where it was 
first buried, and re-interred with religious rites in the 
Abbey Church of Cwmhir. 5 

In the year 1313, Roger Mortimer confirmed to his 
tenants the grant of his father, Edward Mortimer, 
respecting the privilege of having wood and pasturage 
in the lands of the abbot and convent of Cwnhir. 6 

In the year 1318, Edward II confirmed all the 
former grants mentioned in the charters of 1232 and 
1214, and also other grants that had subsequently 
been made to the monastery by Gwenwynwyn, son of 
Owen Cyfeiliog and Maelgwn ap Rhys. 

1 Myfyrian Archaiology, vol. ii, p. 457. 

2 Liber Niger de Wigmore, Harl. MS. 1240, Brit. Museum. 

3 Ibid. 4 Ibid. 

5 History of Wales, by Miss Jane Williams, p. 417. 

6 Liber Niger de Wigmore. 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIK. 411 

Owen Glyndwr, having encamped with his army at 
Mynydd Hyddgant, on Plynlimmon mountain, in the 
year 1401, from thence sent forth predatory expedi- 
tions against the English settlers in Wales, and against 
such Welsh gentlemen who refused to aid his cause. 
The county of Montgomery suffered much from these 
expeditions. Owen sacked Montgomery, burned the 
suburbs of Welshpool, and ravaged many estates. He 
also destroyed the Abbey of Cwmhir, took the Castle 
of Radnor, and caused the garrison of sixty men to be 
beheaded on the brink of the castle-yard. 

We have no record of the restoration of the Abbey 
after Owen Glendwr's insurrection was at an end ; 
in all probability it was never fully restored, as the 
revenues were comparatively small ; and from that 
time until the dissolution of the monastery, in 1536, 
its history is a blank. 

At the dissolution it was found to have only three 
monks, and these no doubt would receive pensions. 
By an inquisition dated November 4, 1538, the pos- 
sessions of the dissolved monastery were demised for 
the term of twenty-one years to John Turner, gentle- 
man, who had previously been the King's minister 
in attending to them, and eventually the entire pos- 
sessions of the Abbey were sold by the Crown, and 
they passed into the hands of various proprietors. 
We catch a glimpse of Abbey Cwmhir during the war 
between Charles I and his Parliament, and apparently 
at that time the conventual buildings were in fairly 
good condition ; the church had been despoiled long 
before, in 1542, and some of its beautiful arcades and 
clustered columns broken down, and carried away to 
enlarge Llanidloes Church. 1 Abbey Cwm Hir, as it 
was then called, was, in 1644, occupied by Richard 
Fowler, and garrisoned for the King. Early in Decem- 
ber of that year Sir Thomas Myddelton appeared 
before it, and summoned the garrison to surrender. 

1 For illustrations of these, see Mont. Co//., vol. vi, p. 1GO. 

E E 2 



412 THE C1STEUCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 

The answer was a flat denial, whereupon it was taken 
by storm, and in it were taken prisoners Colonel Bar- 
nard, the Governor, Mr. Hugh Lloyd, the High Sheriff 
of the county, several officers, and some seventy sol- 
diers, and considerable stores of arms and ammunition. 
Richard Fowler was afterwards High Sheriff under 
Cromwell in 1655, and, if there is any truth in the 
rhyme, was the richest man in the county 

" Alas ! alas ! poor Radnorshire, 
Never a park, nor ever a deer, 
Nor ever a Squire of five hundred a year, 
Save Richard Fowler of Abbey Cwm-Hir." 

(Llyfrijddiarth y Cymry, p. 195.) 

Hugh Lloyd, the Sheriff of 1644, was of Caerfagu, 
in the parish of Nantmel, and also served the office of 
Sheriff in 1643. 

Mr. J. Roland Phillips, in his Memoirs of the Civil 
War in Wales and the Marches, prints two very 
interesting documents relating to Abbey Cwmhir (see 
vol. ii, p. 219), which set forth in considerable detail 
the event related above. 

Much more may be ascertained as to the history of 
the Abbey of Cwmhir by patient and painstaking 
research in the Record Office. There is doubtless a 
mass of information available, and no one is more 
competent to elucidate the facts in relation thereto 
than the author of the "History of the Parish of 
Kerry", Mr. E. Rowley Morris, and I trust that 
some day he will be able to devote himself to inves- 
tigating this matter, and furnish your readers with 
further information upon this Radnorshire Abbey. 

About the year 1837 the Abbey was purchased by 
a Mr. Thomas Wilson, and at that time he caused the 
site of the church to be cleared of the rubbish with 
which it was covered. Rees, in his paper before 
referred to, says : 

" Previous to this clearance, there was nothing to be seen but a few 
ruinated walls, and the surface of the ground was of unequal heights, 
lu removing the rubbish to the original floor of the building, great quail- 



THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIK. 413 

titles of freestone, as well as of the stone of the district, were met with. 
The workmen also turned up a great many human bones, iron-work that 
had been in the windows, pieces of painted glass, ornamental lead-work, 
two pennies of Edward II, pieces of bottles, carved heads (one of a lady), 
the keys of the gates, through which entrance had been to the premises, 
four in number, and many other curious and interesting articles. 

" The ground that was outside the ruins was also subsequently explored, 
and the whole of the field in which they were situated was dug up and 
examined. The site of the Abbot's apartments, and of the refectory, and 
dormitories of the monks, was also discovered, with portions of two magni- 
ficent pillars, and also the slaughter-house, in which was a carved ram's 
head, all whereof were on the south-east side of the church, and extended 
to the brook Clywedock. The cemetery was considered to have been on 
the south-west, but no coffin or inscription was found to identify the 
place. 

" It was also discovered that the whole monastic establishment was 
enclosed and protected by a strong dyke and entrenchment, which crossed 
the little valley at equal distances, eastward and westward, from the 
church, extending through the village, and enclosing a space of about two 
acres of land, which appears to have comprised the ancient and usual 
privilege of sanctuary. At the south-western corner of this enclosure was 
the great oven of the monastery, the remains whereof were removed in the 
year 1831, which showed that when complete it was twelve feet in diameter 
and three feet in depth, and was built three feet from the ground, from which 
large dimensions it may be inferred that the inmates of the place were, at 
the time, no inconsiderable number. 

" On the site of the Abbey Church being cleared, it was discovered 
that the building had consisted of a nave and a transept ; and that the 
nave had been separated on each side from the side-aisles by thirteen piers, 
which, with the abutments at the ends, had sustained two sets of fourteen 
arches. The bases of the greater number of the piers, and portions of two or 
three of the piers themselves, to the height of three or four feet, remained, 
sufficient to show their form when they were perfect ; portions also of the 
western side wall, and of the northern and southern end walls of the 
transept, were rendered more visible ; but not even traces of its eastern 
side wall, nor of any of the walls of the church or choir, were brought to 
light. Through means of the removal of the rubbish, the remaining 
portions of the external walls of the nave were likewise rendered higher, 
and one of those portions on the north side to the height of about 
eighteen feet." 

Unfortunately, no plans or records of the excava- 
tions made in 1837 were preserved, and consequently 
what now is visible of the ruins gives one but a poor 
idea of the extent of the monastery. A few fragments 
of sculptured stone have been built into the terrace 
walls of the garden ; and Mrs. Philips, the present 
owner of the property, has lately been clearing some 
portion of the ruins, and has brought to light several 
features of great interest, more especially the bases of 
the jambs of the south-east and south-west doorways 



414 THE CiSTEKCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHJft. 

leading from the south aisle of the Abbey Church into 
the cloisters. Several very beautiful fragments of carved 
capitals have also been found and placed in the ruins, 
and are illustrated in the accompanying plate ; they 
are quite equal in beauty of design and execution to 
the fragments found at Strata Florida, but are of a 
later period, being distinctly Early English in character 
and style. 

A drain has lately been cut through a portion of 
the site, crossing the cloister-garth ; traces of founda- 
tions were discovered, and two lines of lead pipe 
were found which had supplied the conventual build- 
ings with water. At one point a piece of paving- 
stone was uncovered, evidently in situ, which appa- 
rently was a portion of the south walk of the cloister ; 
and it is probable that further excavations, at a depth 
of some two to three feet, would reveal much of the 
plan of the monastic buildings surrounding the cloister- 
garth. 

Among the debris turned up during the draining 
operations was a curious fragment of sixteenth-century 
pottery, part of the figure of a woman with a ruff 
round her neck, a small piece of agate in the form of 
a hone or sharpening-stone, a few human bones, frag- 
ments of window-leading, and heavy blue tile-stones, 
which had been nailed on to the roofs, very similar to 
those at Strata Florida. 

The great south-western pier of the central tower 
has been uncovered, and the base-moulds are all perfect 
now. It would be most interesting to follow the lines 
of the transept walls, and see how far they extended 
eastwards. Rees states, in his account of the Abbey, 
" that the choir part of the church was never built, a 
portion of the eastern end of the nave appears to have 
been appropriated for the performance of choir service, 
and was partitioned off by a wall for the purpose." 
He also states that there was no western door; this is 
a matter which further excavation would settle; and I 
fancy, when Rees wrote his paper, that portion of the 



CWA. H1R - RADNORSHIRE . 




THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMII1R. 41. r ) 

ruins was much in the same state as it is now, and the 
base of the western door may yet be discovered under 
the debris which covers that portion of the walls. 

It seems strange that the monks who built the nave of 
the magnificent church of Cvvmhir Abbey, 242 feet long, 
with its arcades of fourteen pointed arches, should not 
have built the presbytery and central tower; they 
certainly built part of the transepts, for there are the 
angles of the north-west and south-west walls still 
above ground, and the bases of the angle-shafts for 
carrying the groining. 

Leland, in his Itinerary, says: " No chirche in Wales 
is seen of such lengtht, as the foundation of walles 
there begon doth shew, but the third part of the worke 
was never finisched. All the howse was spoiled, and 
defacid by Owen Glendour." 

Evidently in Leland 's time the foundations were 
visible, and it was reversing the usual Cistercian plan 
to build the nave of the church (and such a nave, one 
of the longest in England) before completing the 
presbytery, transepts with their chapels, and the 
central tower. 

Then, again, how does it come to pass that the piers 
and arch-moulds, caps and bases of shafts, are all 
decidedly of very late twelfth century, or early thir- 
teenth century work, and the carving especially so ? 
The latter may have been executed after the building 
was completed, but certainly the bases of the piers 
and the sections of the shafts could scarcely have been 
designed at the date of the foundation of the Abbey 
in 1143; we should expect to find some traces of earlier 
work in these, if built at that time, or during twenty 
years subsequently, but so far I have seen nothing of 
the kind, therefore a very interesting question arises, 
Was the existing nave of Cwmhir Abbey Church the 
original one commenced by Cadwallon ap Madoc, the 
founder, in 1143 (?), and who was slain by Roger 
Mortimer's retainers in 1 1 79 ; or was this portion of 
the church commenced by Roger Mortimer about 1196, 



416 THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF CWMHIR. 

when he dispossessed the sons of Cadwallon, the 
founder, of a considerable portion of their property, 
and at the same time was a donor to the Abbey of 
lands and possessions in the parishes of Llanbadarn, 
Fynnydd, and St. Harmon, in the county of Radnor, 
and also of property in the counties of Salop and 
Montgomery ? 

This Roger Mortimer died in 1214, and it seems 
not altogether an impossible idea that the rich and 
powerful Mortimer may have intended to build a 
magnificent abbey church at Cwmhir, and commenced 
upon the nave, first pulling down the nave of the 
church built by Cadwallon ap Madoc, and that during 
the time the new nave was building Divine service 
was celebrated in the original presbytery. When the 
new nave was completed, the old presbytery and tran- 
septs would be pulled down, and the foundations laid 
of the new eastern portion of the church, and for some 
reason or other this portion of the work was never 
completed. These must have been the foundations 
that Leland saw, and I do not doubt that they could 
yet be traced with very little trouble and expense. 

Whether this theory be correct or not, is a matter of 
but small importance; the further investigation of the 
site of Cwmhir Abbey, and publishing plans and 
drawings of any discoveries that may be made, is a 
good work which I trust may some day be undertaken. 




BRONZE MATRIX FOUND AT LOPPINGTON. 



Mont. Coll., Vol. xsiv, to face p. 417. 



417 



BRONZE MATRIX FOUND AT LOPPINGTON. 



MR. JOHN GILL, F.R.C.S., has kindly lent us a very 
curious and rare bronze matrix, of which we give an 
illustration. It was found when ploughing at Noneley, 
in the parish of Loppington, in the county of Salop, 
in the year 1876, and was presented to him by the 
finder. 

On one side of the matrix there are two figures the 
one representing King David playing the harp, sur- 
rounded by the legend "Sum David Citharista"; and 
the other representing St. Michael the Archangel con- 
tending with the Evil One in the form of a dragon. 
The other side of the matrix has a disc at one end, and 
at one corner a representation of a castle, arid at the 
other a fusil composed of ten pellets, 

Noneley, where the matrix was found, is a township 
in the parish of Loppington, about two and a half miles 
from Wern. The church is an ancient structure, dedi- 
cated to St, Michael. The living was formerly appro- 
priated by Wembridge Priory. 

The figure of St. Michael may possibly have relation 
to the dedication of the church of Loppington, but too 
much stress cannot be laid upon it. St, David and his 
harp has been such a famous decoration for books for 
many centuries that it is not unnatural to suppose that 
it had some relation to such a purpose, with reference to 
its probable date. It has been submitted for inspection 
to an eminent antiquary (Mr. H. Syer Cuming, F.S.A. 
Scot.), who first " calls special attention to the form 
and decoration of the Archangel's shield, which, in 
both respects, bears a strong resemblance to that in 
the arms of the -effigy of Geoffrey de Magneville, 
Earl of Essex, in the Temple Church, who died in 

VOL. xxiv. F F 



418 BRONZE MATRIX FOUND AT LOPPINGTON. 

1216. This form of shield was in fashion to quite the 
end of the thirteenth century, but why that held by 
the saint in question should be charged with the 
Escarbuncle 1 is a matter he says he must leave others 
to decide. If the said shield is to govern the date of 
the die we must accept it as the work of the thirteenth 
century, and there is nothing in the figure of King 
David, and the accessories on the two medallions, 
which militate against this early period. There is 
little in the devices on the reverses of the plaque to 
indicate its age, but the disc is very remindful of Nor- 
man brooches ; and the little castle in the corner is 
somewhat like the buildings occasionally seen on rings, 
foreign money, and on seals. Could we make it relate 
in any way to Eleanor of Castile ?" 

But there remains the question, What can have been 
the original use of this rare and curious, die ? 

Dr. Gill, the possessor, thinks it may have been used 
for impressing leather as a seal to be impended to a 
deed. Another conjecture has been that it was a 
bookbinder's stamp for impressing or ornamenting the 
binding of books. 

But the authority before quoted says, " We must 
dismiss all idea of its being a bookbinder's stamp ; the 
form and fashion forbid such a notion, for it is clear 
enough it was designed to impress some object little, if 
at all, larger than itself, and which could be held in 
the hand and easily turned about, so as to see both 
figures standing the right way/' He adds, " Can this 
die have been employed for stamping cakes ? Its size 
and oblong form are quite consistent for such a purpose, 
and it is curious to observe that when the old waffles, 
under the title of goffers, were revived by the pastry- 
cooks some twenty-five or thirty years since, they had 
sharp-edged rims exactly like those produced by the 
Loppington relic. I may be utterly wrong as to the 



1 The shield, bearing an escarbuncle, is not so plainly shown in 
the illustration as it may have been. 



BRONZE MATRIX FOUND AT LOPPINGTOX. 419 

purpose of this die, but I must confess I am strongly 
inclined to regard it as a cake-stamp of the end of the 
thirteenth century." 

With these few remarks the subject is left open for 
future discussion. 



CORRECTION. Page 313, line 3. For"of">'eittl"ot', in". The 
blazon of the Arms in the Merioneth County Council Seal should 
read as follows : Az. t three goats salient arg., bearded, horned, and 
footed <>r, in the field dexter base point, a rising sun of the third. 



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